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Df NDns voLuina. 




















We leun from Henslowe's Diary (p. 147 sqq. ed. ShakeapeaTe Boe.) that in 
April 1699 DeUer tud Chettle were engaged in miting a pla;, which has 
not come down to qb, called Troilui and Crtuida; and to that piece per- 
hapB appliet the entry made b; Boberts in the Stationen' RegiBters, Feb. 
7tli, 1603-3, of " The bcwke of rrolliiB and Creeseda, as yt ii acted hy tnj 
ho. Chambei'leDi men," — which "hoobe," as far bb we know, was never given 
to the pxoBB. But another entr; in the Stationers' RegiHterH, made by Banian 
and Walley, Jan. 2eib, lGOB-9, of " A booke called the EiBtoiy of Troylns 
and CreBaula," uudonbtedl; describe! our aathor'a drama, which waa pub- 
lished by the boohBellera who made the entry. " The play was originally 
printed in 1609 [4to] . It was formerly snpposed that there were two edi' 
lions in that year, but they were merely diflerent iaenea of the same im- 
preBBion: the body of the work (with two eiceptionsj is alike in each; 
they were from the types of the Biune printer, and were puhlisbed by the 
same itationen. [Tarions readings are frequently fonnd in old plays 
which have been printed from the same forms of type.] The title-pageB 
[isee vol. 1. p. 1E4] vary materiallj; bnt there is another more remarkable 
diTenity. On the ttUe-pHge of the eupies first circulated, it is not stated 
that the dr^a had been represented by any company; and in a sort of 
preface, headed 'A never Writer to an ever Reader. News; it is asserted 
that it had never been ' staled with the etage, never clapper-clawed with 
the palms of the valgar ;' in other words, that the play bad not been 
acted. This was probably then tme ; bnt aa ' Troilas and Cressida' was 
very soon afterwards bronght npon the stage, it became necessary for the 
publishers to snlwlitnte a new title-page, and to suppress their preface : 
accordingly a re-ieene of the same edition took place, by the title-page 
of which it appeared, that the play was printed ' as it Was acted by the 

Sing's Majesty's servants at the Olobe.' It ia very evident that 

■ Troilns and Cressida' iras originally acted in the inierral between the first 
and the second edition of the Ito, as printed by Q. Eld for Bonian and Wal- 
ley in the early part of 1609. It is probable that our great dramatist pre- 
pared it for the stage in the winter of 1606-9, with a view to its productim> 
at the Olobe as soon as the seasoa commenced at that theatre: before it 
was so produced, and alter it had been licensed, Bonian and Walley seem 
to have posseased themselves of a copy of it ; and having procured it to be 
printed, iaaued it to the world as ' a new play, never staled with the stage, 
never clapper- da wed with the palms of the vulgar.' That they had obtained 
it without the consent of the company, ' the grand poesessois,' as the; are 
called, may be gathered from the concloaion of the preface. Tha second 
isane of Bonian and Walley'a edition of 1609 was not made until after the 
tragedy had been acted at the Olobe, as is stated on the title-page." Collieb 
(Introd. Id Troilut and Crmida). — That some portions of it, particularly to- 
wards the end, are from the pen of a very inferior dramatiet, is unquestion- 
able: and they would seem to belong to an earlier piece on the same sobject, 
perhaps to the joict-prodnction of Dekker and Chettle before mentioned. — 
The Troilui and Creeeide of Chancer may be considered as the foundation of 
this play; towards which something was also furnished by Caxton's itfrayelt 
of the Butorj/et of Troy e (first printed circa 147**}, and by Ljdgate's M*<- 
toq/c, Segt, and dyttntccyon of Trmje (first printed in IBIS). 

■ "(UT]-i;;." Keia'iLif and Ttftg. (ff WUllata CaxUm.Tol.lL p, S. 




A never tpriier to an ever reader: — Neat. 
Ztxbkal leader, jon hare here a new play, never staled with the 
stage, ueTet dapperoUired with the julma of the vulgar, and yet 
paanng foil of the palm comical; for it is a birth of joux brain 
that nevar undertook any thing comical vainly : and vere but the 
vain names of comedies changed for the titles of commodities, or of 
plays for pleas, you should see all those grand cenaors, that now 
style them such vanities, flock to them for the main grace of their 
gTavities; especially this author's comedies, that are so &amed to 
the life, that they serve for the moat common commentaries of all 
the actions of our lives, showing such a dexterity and power of 
wit, that the most displeased with plays are pleased witii his come- 
dies. And all sach dull and heavy-witted worldlings as were 
never capable of the wit of a comedy, coming hy report of thran 
to his representations, have found that wit there that they never 
found in themselves, and have parted hetter-witted than they came; 
feeling an edge of wit set upon tfaem, more than ever they dreamed 
they had brain to grind it on. So much and such savoured salt of 
wit is in his comedies, that they seem, for their height of pleasure, 
to he bom in that sea that brought forth Venus. Amongst all 
there is none more witty than this : and had I time, I would 
comment upon It, though I know it needs not, — for so much as 
wiU make you think your testcm well bestowed, — but fbr so much 
worth as even poor I know to be stuffed in it. It deserves such 
a labour, ss well as the best comedy in Terence or Plautus : and 
believe this, that when he is gone, and his comedies out of sale, 
you will scramble for them, and set up a new English inquisition. 
Take this for a warning, and, at the peril of your pleasure's loss 
and judgment's, refuse not nor like this the less for not being 
Bullied with the smoky breath of the multitude ; but thank fortune 
for the scape it hath made amongst you ; since by the grand poa- 
season' wills, I believe, you should have grayed for them, rather 
than been prayed. And so I leave alt such to be prayed for — for 
the states of their wits' healths—that will not praise it VcUe. 



pRUM, Ung of Tny. 


Pabib, hiasous. 



HABaUELOii, ft bftstud rod of Ptiam. 

CiLCBU, a Trajan priest, tahiiig part with the QreekB. 

PiNDABUB, nnds to Cresttdft. 

AaAUEXHOii, the Qredon gencnL 

UuntiiitTB, hia brother. 

AcHiujti, ' 


U»B(U, „ . 

. CiTeoian commanden. 



Thbbhitbb, a defonned EUid BcnmlooB Oreoiaii. 

A1.EUHDEB, Eerrant to CreBElda. 
Berrant to TroilnB, 

Serrant to Fans. 
Seirant to DiomedeB. 

Hei^en, wife to MenelaoB. 

Andboiucei, wife to Hector. 

CiBaUfDiu, danghter of Priam ; a propheteiB. 

Cbbbeida, danghter of Calchaa. 

Trojan and Oreak Boldiere, and AttendantB. 
Bvivs—Troy, and th« Grecian cungj bt^ore it. 



In Troy, there lies the Bcene. From isleB of Qreecs 

Tho priuc«s orgalouB, their high blood chaf d, 

Have to the port of Athene Bent their ships, 

Fraught with the ministers and instruments 

Of cmel war ; sixty and nine, that wore 

Their crownets regal, &om th' Athenian bay 

Pat forth toward Phrygia : and their tow is made 

To ransack Troy; within whose strong immures 

The raTish'd Helen, Menelaus' queen, 

With wanton Paris sleeps; and that's the qaarrel. 

To Tenedos they come; 

And the deep-drawing barks do there disgo^e 

Their warlike franghtage : now on Dardan plains 

The fresh and yet nnhtaisM Ctreeks do pitch 

Their brave parilions: Priam's six-gated city, 

Dardan, and Tymbria, Helias, Chetaa, Troien, 

And Antenorides,'" with massy staples, 

And corresponsive and fulfilling bolts, 

Spert'*' np the sons of Troy, 

Now expectation, tickling skittish spirits. 

On one and other side, Trojan and G-reek, 

Sets all on hazard: — and hither am I oome 

A prologue arm'd, — ^bnt not in confidence 

Of aatbor's pen or actor's Toice ; but suited 

In like conditions m onr argument, — 

To tell you, fair beholders, that our play 

Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, 

Be^nning in the middle; starting"' thence away 

To what may be digested in a play. 

Like, or find &alt; do as your pleasures are; 

Now good or bad, 'lis bat the chance of war. 




ScEKB I. Troy. Before Pkiam'b -palace. 
EtUer TROiLua armed, and Pakdabitb. 

2*1-0. Call bete my Tarlet; I'll unarm again: 
Why should I war without the walls of Troy, 
That find Bach cruel battle here within ? 
Each Trojau that is master of his heart, 
Let him to field; TroiluB, alas, hath none! 

Pan. Will this gear ne'er be mended? 

Tto. The Greeks are strong, and ekilful to Uieir Btrengtb, 
Fierce to their skill, and to their fiercenesa Taliant; 
But I am weaker than a woman's tear, 
Tamer than sleep, fonder than ignorance, 
Less valiant than the virgin in the night. 
And skilleBB as nnpractis'd in&ncy. 

Pan. Well, I have told yon enough of this : for my part, 
m not meddle nor make no further. He that will have a 
cake oat of the wheat must needs tarry the grinding. 

Tro. Have I not tarried? 

Pan. Ay, the grinding; bnt yon mnst tarry the bolting. 

Tro. Have I not tarried ? 

Pan. Ay, the bolting ; but yoa must tarry the leavening. 

Tro. Still have I tarried. 

Pan. Ay, to the leavening; but here's yet in the word 
"hereafter" the kneading, the making of the cake, the heat- 
ing of the oven, and the baking ; nay, yon must stay the 
cooling too, or yon may chance to bum yoar lips. 

Tro. Patience hereelf, what goddess e'er she be, 



Doth lessar blench at saffer&nce than I do. 

A.t Priam'fl royal table do I sit; 

And when fair CreBBid comes into my thoaghts, — 

So, traitor! — "when she comcB!" — ^When ia she thence?"' 

Pan. Well, she looked yestermght iaiier than ever I saw 
her look, or any woman else. 

Tro. I was abont to tell thee, — when my heart, 
Aa wedgM with a sigh, would rive in twain; 
Lest Hector or my father shonld percei?e me, — 
I hare — as when the sun doth light a storm — ^ 
Bnried this sigh in wrinkle of a smile: 
Bnt sorrow, that is conch'd in seeming gladness, 
Is like that mirth fate tarns to sadden sadness. 

Pan, An her hair were not somewhat darker than Helen's, 
— well, go to, — ^there were no more comparison between the 
women, — bnt, for my part, she is my kinswoman ; I would 
not, as they term it, praise her, — but I wonld somebody had 
heard her talk yesterday, as I did. I will not dispraise your 
sister Cassandra's wit; bat — 

Tro. Fandaras! I tell thee, Pandarns, — 
When I do tell thee, there my hopes lie drown'd. 
Reply not in how many fathoms deep 
They lie indrench'd. I tell thee, I am mad 
In Gressid's love : then answer'st, "she is fair;" 
Fonr'st in the open ulcer of my heart 
Her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, her voice; 
Handiest in thy diaconrae, 0, that her hand, 
Li whose comparison all whites are ink, 
Writing their own reproach; to whose soft seizure 
The cygnet's down ia harsh, and ^irit of sense 
Hard as the palm of ploaghman !'" — this thou tell'st me. 
As"' true Uioa tell'st me, when I say I lore her; 
Bat, saying thus, instead of oil and balm, 
Tboa lay'st in every gash that love hath given me 
The knife that made it. 

Pan. I speak no more than troth. 

Tro. Thou; doat not speak so much. 

Pan. Futh, I'll not meddle in't. Let her be as she is: 
if she be &ir, 'tis the better for her; an she be not, she has 
Ibe mends in her own hands. 



Tro. Good Pandarns, — how now, Pandarna! 

Pan. I have had my labour for m; travail; ill-thonght 
on of her, and ill-thonght oo of ;oa : gone betwe«ii and be- 
tween, bat small thanks for my labour. 

Tro. What, art than angry, Pandarns? what, with me? 

Pan. Becanae she's kin to me, therefore she's not so fair 
as Helen : an she were not kin to me, she would be as fair 
on Friday aB Helen is on Sunday. Bnt what care I? I care- 
not an she were a black-a-moor; 'tis all one to me. 

Tro. Say I she is not fair? 

Pan. I do not care whether yoa do or no. She's a fool 
to stay behind her father; let her to the Greeks; and so I'll 
tell her the next time I see her: for my part, I'll meddle nor 
make no more i' the matter. 

Tro. Pandarns, — 

Pan. Not I. 

Tro. Sweet Pandarns, — 

Pan. Fray yon, speak no more to me : I will leave all as. 
I fonnd it, and there an end. [JExit Pandants. Alarum. 

Tro. Peace, yonnngraciottsclamonrs! peace, mde sounds I 
Fools on both sides t Helen mnst needs be fair. 
When with yonr blood yon daily paint her thns. 
I cannot fight npon this argoment ; 
It is too starv'd a subject for my sword. 
But Pandarns, — gods, how do yon plagae me ! 
I cannot come to Cressid bnt by Paudar; 
And he's as tetchy to be woo'd to woo. 
As she is stnbbom-chaste against all suit. 
Tell me, Apollo, for thy Daphne's love, 
What Cressid is, what Pan^, and what we? 
Her bed is India; there she lies, a pearl : 
Between onr Hinm and where she resides. 
Let it be call'd the wild and wandering flood; 
Onrself the merchant; and this sailing Pandar, 
Our doubtftil hope, onr convoy, and otu batk. 

Alarum, Enter Msb/lB. 
Mne. How now. Prince TroUns! wherefore not a-field? 
Tro. Because not there : this woman's answer sorts, 
For womanish it is to be from thence. 



What news, ^iieas, from the field to-day ? 

^ne. That Paris is retomM home, and hurt. 

Tro. By whom, ^neas ? 

^ne. TroUaB, by Menelans. 

Tro. Let Paris bleed ; 'tis bnt a scar to scom ; 
^uris is gor'd irith Menelans' horn. lAlarum^ 

^ne. Hark, what good eport is oat of town to-diiy ! 

Tto. Better at home, if " wonld I might" were " may." — 
Bat to the sport abroad : — are yon boond thither ? 

JEne. In all swift haste. 

Tro. Come, go we, then, together. ^Exevnt. 

SoxKE U. The same. A street. 
Enter Cbessisa and Alekaudbr. 

Cret. Who were those went by ? 

Alex. Qaeen Hecoba and Helen. 

Cret. And whither go they? 

Alex. Up to th' eastern tower. 

Whose height commands aa snbject all the Tsle, 
To see the battle. Hector, whose patience 
Is, aa a firtae, fix'd, to-day was moT'd : 
He chid Andromache, and atraok hia armorer ; 
And, like as there were haebandry in war, 
Before the son rose, he was hamess'd light,'" 
And to the field goes he ; where every flower 
Did, as a prophet, weep what it foresaw 
Id Hector's wrath. 

Cret. What was hia caoae of anger ? 

Alex. The noise goea, thia : there ie among the Greeks 
A lord of Trojan blood, nephew to Hector ; 
They call him Ajax. 

Cret, Good ; and what of him ? 

Alex. They say he is a very man per te, 
And stands alone. 

Cret. So do all men, — onless they are dmnk, sick, or 
hare no legs. 

Alex. This man, lady, hath robbed many beasts of their 



particular additione ; he iB as valiaot as tbe lion, churlish ab 
the bear, slow as the elephant : a man into whom uatare hath 
so crowded humonrs, that hie Taloor is crashed into folly, his 
folly sanced with discretioD : there is no man hath a virtae 
that he hath not 8 glimpse of; nor any man an attaint bat 
he carries some stain of it : he ie melancholy without caase, 
and merry against the hair : he hath the joints of every 
thing; bat every thing so oat of joint, that he is a goaty 
Briarens, many hands and no use ; or parblind Argos, all 
eyes and no sight. 

Cret. Bat how should this num, that makes me smile, 
make Hector angry ? 

AUx. They say he yesterday coped Hector in the hatUe, 
■and struck him down ; the disdain and shame whereof hath 
«Ter since kept Hector fasting and waking. 

Ores. Who comes here ? 

Alex. Madam, yonr nncle Pandarus. 

Enter Pandabds, 

Crea. Hector's a gallant man. 

Alex. Ab may be in the world, lady. 

Pan. What's that ? what's that ? 

Cres. Oood morrow, uncle Pandarus. 

Pan. Good morrow, cousin Cressid : what do you talk of ? 
— Good morrow, Alexander. — How do you, coasin ? When 
were you at Hinm ? 

Cres. This morning, uncle. 

Pan. What were you talking of when I came ? Was Hec- 
tor armed and gone, ere ye came to Hinm ? Helen was not ap, 
was she ? 

Cres, Hector was gone ; but Helen was not up. 

Pan. E'en so : Hector was Btirriug early. 

Cres. That were we talking of, and of his anger. 

Pan. Was he angry ? 

Cret. So he says here. 

Pan. True, he was so ; I know the cause too ; he'll lay 
aboat him to-day, I can tell them that : and there's Troilas 
urill not come fax behind him ; let them take heed of Troilas, 
I can tell them that too. 

Crea. What, is he angry too ? 


^cxm n.] TBOILUS Ain> CKESSIDA. 11 

Pan. 'Who, Troilns ? TtoUub is the better man of the two. 

Cres. Jupiter ! there's no comparieon. 

Pan. What, not between Troilns and Hector ? Do yon 
know a man if yon Bee him 9 

Crea. Ay, if I ever saw him before, and knew him. 

Pan. Well, I say Troilns ia Troilns. 

Creg. Then yon say as I Bay ; for, I am snre, he ia not 

Pan. No, nor Hector is not Tioilas in some degrees. 

Crea. 'Tia jnst to each of them ; he is himself. 

Pan. Himself ! Alas, poor Troilns ! I would he were, — 

Ores. So he is. 

Pan. Condition, I had gone barefoot to India. 

Crea. He is not Hector. 

Pan. Himself! no, he's not himself: — wonld 'a were 
himself I Well, the gods are above ; time must friend or 
end: well, Troilns, well, — I would my heart were in her 
body ! — No, Hector is not a better man than Troilns. 

Creg. Escase me. 

Pon. He is elder. 

Creg. Pardon me, pardon me. 

Pan. Th' other's not come to't ; you shall tell me an< 
«Uier tale, when th' other's come to't. Hector shall not have 
Mb witf" this year, — 

Creg, He shall not need it, if he have his own. 

Pan. Nor his qualities, — 

Creg. No matter. 

Pan. Nor his beaaty. 

Creg. 'Twould not become him, — his own's better. 

Pan. Yon hare no judgment, niece : Helen herself awore 
th' other day, that TroUus, for a brown favour — for so 'tis, I 
must confess, — not brown neither, — 

Creg. No, but brown. 

Pan. Faith, to say truth, brown and not brown. 

Creg. To say the truth, true and not true. 

Pan. She praised his complexion above Paris. 

Cre». Why, Paris hath colour enough. 

Pan. So he has. 

Creg. Then Troilus should have too much : if she praised 
"him above, his complexion is higher than his; he having 


' 13 TBOILCB Ain> CKEBSIDA. [loc i. 

colour enoogh, and the other higher, is too flaming a praise 
for a good complexion. I had aB lief Helen's golden toagae 
had commended Troilns for a copper nose. 

Pan, I Bwear to yon, I think Helen loves him better than 

Creg. Then she's a merry Greek indeed. 

Pan. Nay, I am ^nre ^e does. She came to him th' 
other day into the compassed window, — and, yoa knoWi he 
has not past three or four hairs on his chin — 

Cres. Indeed, a tapster's arithmetic may soon bring his 
particalars therein to a total. 

Pan. Why, he is very yoang: and yet will he, within 
three pound, liil as mnch as his brother Hector. 

CrcB. I8 be so yoong a man, and so old a lifter ? 

Pan. But, to proYe to yon that Helen loves him, — she 
came, and pats me her white hand to his cloven chin — 

Cres, Jnno have mercy ! how came it cloven ? 

Pan. Why, you know, 'tis dimpled : I think his smiling 
becomes him better than any man in all Fhrygia. 

Creg. 0, he smiles valiantly. 

Pan. Does he not? 

Cres. yes, an 'twere a cloud in autumn. 

Pan. Why, go to, then : — ^but to prove to yon that Helen 
loves Troilus, — 

Cres. Troilns will stand to the proof, if you'll prove it so. 

Pan. Troilns ! why, he esteems her no more than I esteem 
an addle egg. 

Cres. If yon love an addle egg as well as yon love an idle 
head, yoa would eat chickens i' the shell. 

fan. I cannot choose but laugh, to think how she tickled 
hia chin ; — indeed, she has a marvell's'"'' white hand, I mnst 
needs confess, — 

Cres. Without the rack. 

Pan. And she takes upon her to spy a white hair on his 

Cres. Alas, poor chin ! many a wart is richer. 

Pan, But there was such laughing ! — Queen Hecuba 
langhed, that her eyes ran o'er, — 

Crea, With mill-stones. 

Pan. And Cassandra langhed, — 


Km u.] TB0ILU8 Ain> OREBaiDA. 18 

Cret. Bat there was more temperate fire under the pot 
of her eyes : — did her eyes run o'er too ? 
Pan. And Hector laaghed. 
CrtB. At what was all tbia laughing ? 
Pan, Marry, at the white hair that Helen Bpied on Troi- 
Ins' chin. 

Cret. An't had been a green hair, I should hare langhed 

Pan. They langhed not so much at the hair as at his 
pretty answer. 

Crea. What was his answer ? 

fan. Quoth she, "Here's bnt one and fiff^^'^ hairs on 
yonr chin, and one of them is white." 
Crea. This is her question. 

Pan. That's troe ; make no question of that. "One and 
fifty hairs," quoth he, "and one white: that white hair is 
my father, and all the rest are his sons." " Jnpiter !" qnoth 
she, " which of these hairs is Paris my hnsband ?" " The 
forked one," qnoth he ; " pluck't oat, and give it him." Bnt 
there was snch laughing ! and Helen so blushed, and Paris 
BO chafed, and all the rest so langhed, that it passed. 

Cres. So let it now ; for it has been a great while going by. 
Pan. Well, cousin, I told you a thing yesterday ; think 

Crei. So I do. 

Pan. I'li be sworn 'tis true ; he will weep you, an 'twere 
a man bom in April. 

Cret. And I'll spring up in his tears, an 'twere a nettle 

against May. [A retreat sounded. 

Pan. Hark ! they are coming from the field : shall we 

stand up here, and see them as they pass toward Hiam ? good 

niece, do, — sweet niece Gressida. 

Cret. At your pleasure. 

Pan. Here, here, here's an excellent place ; here we may 
see most bravely : I'll tell you them all by their names as 
they pass by; bat mark Troilns above the rest. 
Cret. 8pe^ not so load. 

Ma^i.^ pateet. 
Pan. That's Mneaa : is not that a brave man ? he's one 



of the flowers of Troy, I can tell you : bnt mark Troilua ; you 
shall eee anon. 

AstKSOR patses. 
■ Ores. Wto'B that? 

Pan. That's Antenor: he has a shrewd wit, I can toll 
yoa ; and he's a man good enough : he's one o' the soundest 
judgments in Troy, whosoever, and a proper man of person. 
— When comes Troilus? — ^I'll show you TroUas anon : if he 
see me, yon shall see him nod at me. 

Ores. Will he give you the nod ? 

Pan. Yon shall see. - 

Creg. If he do, the rich shall have more. 

'B.ECTOK passes- 
Pan. That's Hector, that, that, look you, that ; there's a 

fellow ! — Go thy way, Hector ! — There's a brave man, niece. 

— brave Hector ! — Look how he looks ! there's a coanten- 

ance ! is't not a brave man ? 
Ores. 0, a brave man ! 
Pan. Is 'a not?. it does a man's heart good: — look yoa 

what hacks are on his helmet t look yon yonder, do you see ? 

look you there : there's no jesting ; there's laying on, take't 

off who will, as they say : there be hacks ! 
Ores. Be those with swords ? 
Pan. Swords ! aoy thing, he cares not; an the devil come 

to him, it's all one: by God's lid, it does one's heart good. — 

Yonder comes Paris, yonder comes Paris : 

Pabis passes. 
look ye yonder, niece ; te't not a gallant man too, is't not ? — 
Why, this is brave now. — ^Who said he came hurt home 
to-day? he's not hurt : why, this will do Helen's heart good 
now, ha ! — Would I could see Troilus now ! — Yoo shall see 
Troilus anon. 

Hel^jus passes. 

Cres. Who's that? 

Pan. That's Helenus: — I marvel where Troilus is: — 
that's Helenas : — I think he went not forth to-day : — that's 



Cret. Can HelenaB fight, ancle? 

Pan. Helenas! no; — jes, he'll fight indiSerent well. — I 
marrel where Troilns is. — Hark 1 do 70a not hear the people 
cry " Troilns"? — Helenas ie a priest. 

Ores. What sneaking fellow comes yonder? 

TROiLcra jpasses. 

Pan. Where? yonder? that's Deipbohas : — 'tis Ttoilas! 
there's a man, niece .'—Hem ! — Brave Troilaa ! the prince of 
chiraliy ! 

Crea. Peace, for ehome, peace ! 

Pan. Mark him; note him: — brave Troilus t — look 
well npon him, niece : look yon how his sword is bloodied, 
and his helm more hacked thAn Hector's; and how he looks, 
and how he goes ! — admirable yontb ! he ne'er saw three- 
and-twenfy. — Go thy way, Troilns, go thy way! — Had I 
a sister were a grace, or a danghter a goddess, he should 
take his choice. admirable man ! Paris ? — Paris is dirt to 
him ; and, I warrant, Helen, to change, would give an eye to 

Crtt. Here comes more. 

Forces jjom. 

Pan, Asses, fools, dolts t chaff and bran, chaff and bran I 
porridge after meat ! — I coald live and die i' the eyes of 
Troilns. — Ne'er look, ne'er look ; the eagles are gone : crows 
and daws, crows and daws \ — I had rather be snch a man as 
Troilns than Agamemnon and all Greece. 

Cret. There is among the Greeks Achilles, — a better man 
than Troilns. 

Pan. Achilles ! a drayman, a porter, a very camel. 

Crei. WeU, weU. 

Pan. Well, well ! — Why, have yon any discretion ? have 
yoa any eyes ? do yon know what a man is ? Is not birth, 
beanfy, good shape, discourse, manhood, learning, gentleness, 
virtue, youth, liberality, and such like, the spice and salt that 
season a man 7 

Cret. Ay, a minced man : and then to be baked with no 
date in the pie, — for then the man's date's oat. 


16 TBOILira AND OREBBIDA. Ikct i. 

Pan. Yoa are snch a woman ! one knows not at what ward 
70a lie. 

Ores. Upon m; back, to defend my belly ; upon my wit, 
to defend my wiles ; npoQ my seorecy, to defend mine hon- 
esty ; my mask, to defend my beaaty ; and yoa, to defend all 
these : and at all these wards I lie, at a thousand watches. 

Pan. Say one of yonr watches. 

Cres. Nay, I'll watch yoa for that ; and that's one of the 
chiefest of them too : if I cannot ward what I would not hare 
hit, I can watch yon for telling how I took the blow ; anlees 
it swell past hiding, and then it's past watching. 

Pan. Yoa are snch another ! 

Enter TaoiLua' Boy, 

Boy. Sir, my lord would instantly speak wiUi you. 

Pan. Where? 

Boy, At yonr own hoase ; there he nnarms him. 

Pan. Good boyj tell him I come. [Exit Boy."] I doabt 
he be hurt. — Fore ye well, good oiece. 

GreB, Adien, uncle. 

Pan. I'll be with you, niece, by and by. 

Cres. To bring, ancle ? 

Pan. Ay, a token from Troilaa,"*' 

Crea. By the same token — yon are a bawd. 

lExit Pandarut. 
"Words, TOWS, gifts, tears, and love's full sacrifice, 
He offers in another's enterprise : 
Bat more in Troilns thousand-fold I see 
Than in the glass of Pandar's praise may he ; 
Yet hold I off. Women are angels, wooing : 
Tilings won are done ; joy's soul lies"* in the doing : 
That she belov'd knows naught that knows not this, — 
Men prize the thing tmgain'd more than it is : 
That she was never yet that ever knew 
Love got so sweet as when desire did sae : 
Therefore this masim oat of love I teach, — 
Achievement is command ; nngain'd, beseech :"** 
Then, though my heart's content firm love doth bear, 
Kothing of that shall from mine eyes appear. [Exeunt. 



SCBMB m. The Grecian camp. Before AoAUEinioN's tent. 

Sennet. Enter Aqaueiikon, Xestob, TTltbsb^ Mshelads, 

and olhciv. 
Agam. F tin cob, 
"What grief hath set the jaundice on your cheeka ? 
The ample proposition that hope makes 
In all designs hegao on earth below 
Fails in the promis'd largeness : checks and disasters 
Grow in the Teins of actions highest rear'd ; 
As knots, hy the conflnx of meeting sap. 
Infect the soood pine, and divert his grain 
TotiiTe and errant from his conrse of growth. 
Kor, princes, is it matter new to as, 
That we come short of oar sappose so far. 
That, after seven years' siege, jet Troy walls stand ; 
Sith every action that hath gone before, 
Whereof we have record, trial did draw 
Bios and thwart, not answering the aim, 
And that nnbodied figure of the thought 
That gave't snrmised shape. Why, then, yon princes, 
Do yon with cheeks abash'd behold our vrrecks,"® 
And call them shames, which are, indeed, naught else 
Bot the protractive trials of great Jovo 
To find persistive constanoy in men ? 
The fineness of which metal is not foand 
In fortune's love ; for then the bold and covrard, 
The vrisfl and fool, the artist and unread. 
The hard and soft, seem all afSn'd and kin : 
Bat, in the wind and tempest of her frown. 
Distinction, with a broad and powerful t&n, 
Paffing at all, winnows the light away; 
And what hath mass or matter, by itself 
Lies rich in virtue and unmingl^. 

Nest. With due observance of thy godlike seat, 
Qreat Agamemnon, Nestor shall apply 
Thy latest words. In the reproof of chance 
Lies the true proof of men : the sea being smooth, 
How many shallow bauble boats dare sail 

TOL. TI. a 



t» TBOILVB AND 0BEB8IDA. [ici i. 

Upoo her patient breast, making their way 

With those of nobler bnlkl 

Bnt let the mfBan Boreas once enrage 

The gentle Thetis, and, anon, behold 

The Btrong-ribb'd bark through Uqnid moontaina cut. 

Bounding between the two moiab elements. 

Like Persena' horse : where's then the sancy boat, 

Whose weak nntimber'd Bides bat even now 

Co-riTall'd greatness ? either to harboor fled, 

Or made a toast for Keptane. Even so 

Doth valonr's show and vslonr's worth diride 

In storms of fortane : for in her ray and brightneas 

The herd hath more annoyance by the breese 

Than by the tiger ; but when the splitting wind 

Makea flexible the knees of knotted oaks. 

And flies fled"*" under shade, why, then the thing of coarage. 

As rous'd with rage, with rage doth sympathize, 

And with an accent tun'd in Belfsame key 

Betorts"'' to chiding fortune. 

Ulysa. Agamemnon, — 

Than great commander, nerve and bone of Greeee, 
Heart of oar numbers, soul and only spirit. 
In whom the tempers and the minds of all 
Should be shot np, — ^hear what Ulysses speaks. 
Besides the applaase and approbation 
The which — [to Agamemnon] most mighty for thy place and 

away, — 
[To Nestor] And thoa moat reverend for thy stretch'd-out 

I give to both your speedies, — which were such 
As Agamemnon and the hand of Oreece 
Should hold np high in brass ; and anch again 
Aa venerable Ifestor, hatch'd in silver. 
Should with a bond of air — strong as the axletree 
On which heaven rides — knit all the Greekiah ears 
To his experienced tougne, — yet let it please both. 
Though'"" great and wise, to hear Ulysses speak. 

Agam. Speak, Prince oflthaca; and be't of less expect"" 
That matter needless, of importless harden. 
Divide thy lipa, than we ore confident. 



When rank Thereites opes hia mastiff'^ jaws. 
We shall hear masic, wit, and oracle. 

Ulyaa. Troy, yet npon his basis, had been down, 
And the great Hector's sword had laok'd a master. 
Sat for these instances. 
The specialty of rale hath been neglected : 
And, look, how many Grecian tents do stand 
Hollow npon this plain, so many hollow factions."'' 
When that the general is not like the hive,'*" 
To whom the foragers shall all repair. 
What honey is expected ? Degree being Tizarded, 
Th' nnworthiest shows as fiiirly in the mtuk. 
The heaTeos themselTes, the planets, and this centre. 
Observe degree, priority, and place, 
Insistare, conrse, proportion, season, form, 
Office, and castom, in all line of order: 
And therefore is the glorions planet Sol 
In noble eminence enthron'd and spher'd 
Amidst the other;**" whose med'cinable eye 
Corrects the ill asp^s of planets evil. 
And posts, like the commandment of a king, 
Sans check, to good and bad : bnt when the planets. 
In btU mixture, to disorder wander. 
What plagoes, and what portents, what mntiny, 
What raging of the sea, shaking of earth. 
Commotion in the winds, frights, changes, horrors. 
Divert and crack, rend and deracinate 
The nnity and married calm of states 
Qnite from their fiznre ! 0, when degree is sbak'd. 
Which is the ladder to all high designs, 
Then*"* enterprise is sick! How could commanities. 
Degrees in schools, and brotherhoods in cities, 
Peaceful commerce from dividable shores, 
The primogenity'*'' and due of birth, 
PrerogatiTe of age, crowns, sceptres, laurels. 
But by degree, stand in authentic place ? 
Take bat degree away, untune that string. 
And, hark, what discord follows ! each thing meets 
In mere oppngnancy : the bounded waters 
Shoold lift their bosoms higher than the abotw, 



And make a sop of all this solid globe : 

Strength should be lord of imbecility, 

And the nide son should strike his father dead : 

Force should be right ; or rather, right and wrong — 

Between whose endless jar jastice resides — 

Should lose their names, and so should jusUce too. 

Then every thing includes itself in power, 

Power into will, will into appetite ; 

And appetite, an aniTereal wolf, 

So doubly seconded with will and power. 

Must make perforce an universal prey,™* 

And last eat up himself. Great Agamemnon, 

This chaos, when degree ia suffocate. 

Follows tiie choking. 

And this neglection of degree it is. 

That by a pace goes backward, with a purpose 

It hath to climb. The general's disdain'd 

By him one step below; he, by the next; 

That next, by him beneath : so every step, 

Exampled by the first pace that is sick 

Of bis superior, grows to an envious fever 

Of pale and bloodless emulation : 

And 'tis this fever that keeps Troy on foot. 

Not her own sinews. To end a tale of length, 

Troy in our weakness stands, not in her strength. 

Nest. Most wisely hath Ulysses here discover'd 
The fever whereof all our power is sick. 

Agam. The nature of the sickness found, Ulysses, 
What is the remedy ? 

Ulyss. The great Achilles, — whom opinion crowns 
The sinew and the forehand of our host, — ■ 
Having bis ear full of his airy &ms, 
Qrows dainty of bis worth, and iu his tent 
Lies mocking our designs : with him, Fatroclus, 
Upon a lazy bed, the livelong day 
Breaks Bcurril jests ; 

And vrith ridiculous and awkward action — 
Which, slanderer, be imitation calls — 
He pageants ns. Sometime, great Agamemnon, 
Thy topless deputation he puts on ; 



And, like a stratting player, — whose conceit 
Lies in his bamstring, and doth think it rich 
To bear the wooden dialogue and Bonnd 
'Twixt his stretoh'd footing and the soaffoldage, — ■ 
Such to-be-pitied and o'er-wrested'*" seeming 
He acts thy greatness in : and when he speaks, 
"Tis like a chime a-mending; with torms nnsqaar'd, 
'Which, from the toogae of roaring Typhon dropp'd, 
Would seem hyperboles. At this fasty stuff 
The large Achilles, on bis prese'd bed lolling. 
From his deep chest langhs ont a lond applanse ; 
Cries, "Excellent! 'tis Agamemnon jnst. 
Now play me Kestor; hem, and stroke thy beard. 
As he being drest to some oration." 
That's done ; — as near as the extremest ends 
Of parallels ; as**^ like aa Vulcan and bis wife : 
Yet good"*' Achilles still cries, " Exoellent 1 
'Tis Kestor right. Now play him me, Fatroclns, 
Aiming to answer in a night-alarm." 
And then, forsooth, the faint defects of age 
Must be the scene of mirth ; to congh and epit. 
And, with a palsy-fombling on his gorget, 
Shake in and ont the rivet : — and at this sport 
Sir Valour dies ; cries, " 0, enough, Patroclus ; 
Or give me ribs of steel I I shall split all 
In pleasnre of my spleen." And in this fosbion. 
All onr abilities, gifts, natures, shapes, 
Sererals and generals of grace exact, 
Achievemente, plots, orders, preventions. 
Excitements to the field, or speech for trace, 
Snccess or loss, what is or is sot, serves 
As staff for these two to make paradoxes. 

Nest. And in the imitation of these twain — 
Who, as Ulysses says, opinion crowns 
With an imperial voice — many are infect. 
Ajax is grown self-will'd ; and bears his head 
In such a rein, in full as prond a pace"°> 
As btoad Achilles ; keeps his'tent like htm ; 
Makes &otious feasts ; rails on our state of war. 
Bold as an oracle; and sets Thersitea — 



A slftTd whose gall coins slanders like a tmut — 
To match as in comparisoiiB with dirt. 
To weaken and discredit onr exposare. 
How rank soever roonded-in with danger. 

Ulyga. They tax out policy, and call it cowardice; 
Count wisdom as no member of the war ; 
Forestall presdesce, and esteem no act 
Bat that of hand ; the still and mental parts, 
That do contrire how many hands shall strike, 
When fitness calls them on ; and know, by measure 
Of their observant toil, the enemies' weight, — 
Why, this hath not a finger's dignity : 
They call this bed-work, mappery, closet-war; 
So Uiat the ram that batters down the wall. 
For the great swing and rudeness of hia poise, 
They place before his hand that made the engine. 
Or those that with the fineness of their souls 
By reason goide his execution. 

Nest. Let this be granted, and Achillea' horse 
Makes many Thetis' sons. [A tucJcet. 

Agam, What tmmpet ? look, Menelaua.'"' 

Men. From Troy. 

Enter MsEis. 

Agam. What wonld you 'fore onr tent? 

jEne. Is this great Agamemnon's tent, I pray yon ? 

Agam. Even Uiis. 

Mne. May one, that is a herald and a prince, 
Do a fair message to his kingly ears ? 

Agam. With aorety stronger than Achilles' arm'*" 
'Fore all the Greekish heads, which with one voice 
Gall Agamemnon head and general. 

j£ne. Fair leave and lai^e secarity. How may . 
A stranger to those most imperial looks 
Enow them &om eyes of other mortals? 

Agam. How ! 

AEne. Ay; 
I ask, that I might waken reverence. 
And bid the cheek be ready with a blnsh 
Modest as morning when she coldly eyes 



The ^athfal Phaebns : 

'Which is that god in oSSce, guiding men ? 

Which is the high and mighty Agamemnon ? 

Agam. This Trojan scorns na ; or the men of Troj 
Are ceremonious conitiers. 

^ne, ConrtierB as free, ae debonair, unann'd. 
As bending angels ; that's their fame in peace : 
Bat when they nonld seem soldiers, they ^lave galls, 
Good arms, strong joints, true swords ; and, Joto's accord,'**' 
Nothing so full of heart. Bat peace, £neas, 
Peace, Trojan ; lay thy finger on thy lips ! 
The worthiness of pmise distains his worth, 
If that the prais'd himself bring the praise forth : 
Bat what the repining enemy commends. 
That breath fame blows; that praise, sole pure, transcends.^ 

Agam. Sir, yon of Troy, call yon yonrself ^oeas ? 

./£ne. Ay, Qreek, that is my name. 

Agam. What's your affair, I pray yon ? 

^ne. Sir, pardon ; 'tis for Agamemnon's ears. 

Agam, He hears naught privately that comes &om Troy. 

^ne. Nor I from Troy come not to whisper him : 
I bring a trumpet to awake his ear ; 
To set bis sense on the attentive bent. 
And then to speah. 

Agam. Speak frankly as the wind ; 

It is not Agamemnon's sleeping faonr : 
That thoa shalt know, Trojan, he is awake. 
He tells thee so himself. 

jEne. Trnmpet, Mow loud. 

Send thy brass voice through all these lazy tents ; 
And every Greek of mettle, let him know, 
What Troy means &irly shall be spoke aload. 

{Trvmpei tounds. 
We have, great Agamemnon, here in Troy 
A prince call'd Hector, — Priam is his father, — 
Who in this doll and long-oontinu'd truce 
Is rusty grown : be bade me take a trumpet, 
And to this purpoae speak. Kings, princes, lords 1 
If there be one among the faii'st of Greece 
That holds his honour higher than his ease ; 



That seeks bis pnuse more than he fears his peril ; 

That hnows his valoor, and koows not his fear ; 

That loves his mistress more than in confession, 

With bnant tows to her own lips he loTee, 

And dare avow her beauty and her worth 

In other arms than hers, — to him this challenge. 

Hector, in view of Trojans and of Greeks, 

Shall make it good^ or do his best to do it. 

He hatb a lady, viBer, birer, truer. 

Than ever Greek did compass in his arms ;'"'* 

And will to-morrow with bis trumpet call 

Midway between yoar tents and walls of Troy, 

To ronse a Grecian that is tme in love : 

If any come. Hector shall honour him ; 

If none, he'll say in Troy when he retires. 

The Grecian dames are Bonbnmt, and not worth 

The BpUnter of a lance. Even so much. 

Agam. This aboil be told oar lovers. Lord ^neas; 
If none of them have soul in such a kind. 
We left them all at home : but we are soldiers ; 
And may that soldier a mere recreant prove. 
That means not, hatb not, or is not ia love ! 
If then one is, or hath, or means to be. 
That one meets Hector ; if none else, I am he. 

Nest. Tell him of Nestor, one that was a man 
When Hector's grandsire snck'd : he is old now ; 
Bat if there be not in our Grecian host 
One noble man that hath one spark of fire. 
To answer for his love, tell him from me, — 
111 hide my silver beard in a gold beaver. 
And in my vantbrace pot this vrither'd brawn ; 
And, meeting him, will tell him that my lady 
Was fairer than his grandam, and as chsste 
As may be in the world : bis youth in flood, 
I'll prove this troth with my tbr*^ drops of blood. 
^ne. Now heavens forbid such scarcity of yonth t 
Ulyss. Amen. 

Agam. Fair Lord ^neas, let me touch your band ; 
To our pavilion shall I lead yon, sir. 
Achilles shall have word of this intent; 



So shall each lord of Greece, &om teot to tent : 
Yoarself shall feast with as before ;oa go, 
And find the welcome of a noble foe. 

[Exeunt aU except Ulysaes and Nestor. 

Ulysa. Nestor, — 

Nest. "Wbat saja UlysseB ? 

Ulyat. I hare a yoang conception in td.j brain ; 
Be fon my time to bring it to some shape. 

Neet. Mliat is't ? 

VlyM. This 'tis :— 
Blont wedges lire hard knots : the needed pride 
That hath to this matorit; blown up 
In rank AchiUes mast ot cow be cropp'd, 
Or, shedding, breed a nursery of like evil, 
To DTerbolk as all. 

Nett, Well, and how ?'»' 

Viyat. This challenge that the gallant Hector senda. 
However it is spread in general name, 
Belates in purpose only to Ac^iilles. 

NeBl. The purpose is perspioaona even as snbstance. 
Whose groMness little characters sum up : 
And, in the pnblication, make no strain. 
But that Achilles, were his brain as barren 
As banks of Libya, — though, Apollo knows, 
'Tis dry enough, — will, with great speed of judgment. 
Ay, with celerity, find Hector's purpose 
Pointing on him. 

Ulysa. And wake him to the answer, think yon? 

Neet. Yes, 

It is most meet : who may yoa else oppose. 
That can from Hector bring his honour off. 
If not AchiUes ? Though 't be a sportful combat, 
Yet in the trial mnch opinion dwells ; 
For here the Trojans taste onr dear'st repute 
With their fin'st palate : and trust to me, Ulysses, 
Our impntation'"' shall be oddly pois'd 
In this wild action ; for the success. 
Although particular, shall give a scantling 
Of good or bad unto the general ; 
And in such indexes, although small pricks 



To their BubB^aent Tolnmes, there is aeen 

The baby figure of the giant mass 

Of things to come at large. It is anppos'd, 

He that meets Hector issQes &om oar choice : 

And choice, being mntnal act of all our souls, 

Makes merit her election ; and doth boil, 

Ab 'twere from forth na all, a man distill'd 

Oat of oar virtnes ; who miscarrying, 

What heart receives from hence the conqaering part, 

To steel a strong opinion to themselves?, 

Which entertsin'd, limbs are his**^^' instramenta, 

la no less working than are swords and bows 

Directive hj the limbs. 

ZJlyss. Give pardon to my speech ; — 
Therefore 'tis meet Achilles meet not Hector. 
Let as, like merchants, show our fonlest wares, 
And think, perchance, that they will sell ;"" if not. 
The lastre of the better yet to show. 
Shall ehow the better. Do not, then, consent"*" 
That ever Hector and Achilles meet ; 
For both oar hononr and oar shame in thiB 
Are dogg'd with two strange followers. 

Nest. I see them not with my old eyes : what are they ? 

Ulysa. What glory oar Achilles shares from Hector, 
Were he not proad, we all should share with him : 
Bnt he already is too insolent ; 
And we were better parch in Afrio snn 
Than in the pride and salt scorn of his eyes, 
Shoold he scape Hector fair : if he were foil'd. 
Why, then we did oar main opinion crash 
Is taint of onr best man. No, make a lottery ; 
And, by device, let blockish Ajax draw 
The sort to fight with Hector : 'mong ourselves 
Give him allowance as the worthier man ; 
For that will physic the great Myrmidon 
Who broils in lond appJauBO, and make him fall 
Hie crest that prouder than blae Iris bends. 
If the dull brainlesB Ajax come safe off, 
We'll dress him tip in voices : if he fail. 
Yet go we under our opinion still 


«cnn I.J TBOILUB ASTt CBE88WA. 27 

That we liave better men. Bot, hit or miss, 
Oor project'a life this shape of sense assumes, — 
Ajaz employ'd placka down Achilles' plames. 

Neat. Ulysses, 
Now*''" I beg^ to relish thy adrice ; 
And I will giye a taste of it forthwith 
To Agamemaon: go we to him straight. 
Two COTS shall tame each other : pride alooe 
Most tatre the mastiffs on, as 'twere their bone. [Exeunt. 

Scene I. A part of the Oi-edan camp. 
Enter Ajax and Tsebsiteo. 

Jjax. Theraites, — 

Tker. Agamemnon, — how if he had boils, — full, all over^ 
generally ? — 

AJax. Thersitea, — 

Ther. And those boils did run? — Sa; so, — did not the 
general ran then ? were not that a botchy core ? — '•" 

JJax. Dog, — 

Ther. Then woald come some matter ftom bim ; I see 
none now. 

Jjax. Thoa bitch-wolf's son, canst thon not hear ? Feel, 
llien. [^Beating him, 

Thar, The plagne of Greece upon thee, thon mongrel 
beef-witted lord ! 

Ajax. Speak, then, thon Tinewedst learen, apeak : I'*^ 
will beat thee into handaomenesa. 

Ther. I shall sooner rail thee into wit and holiness : bnt, 
I think, thy horse will sooner con an oration than thoa learn 
a prayer witboat book. Thoa canst atrike, const thon? a red 
mnrrain o' tb; jade's tricka ! 

Ajax. Toadstool, learn me the prodamation. 



Tker. Dost thou think I have no sense, thoa Btrikest me 

Ajax. The proclamation ! 

Tker. Thoa art proclaimed a fool, I think. 

Ajax, "Do Dot, porpentioe, do not : my fingers itch. 

Tker. I wotild thoa didst itch &om head to foot, and I 
had the scratching of thee ; I woald make thee the loathsom- 
est scab in Greece. Whea thoa art forth in the iQCorsions, 
thoQ Btrikest as alow as another. 

Ajax. I Bay, the proclamation ! 

Tker. ThoD grnmblest and railest every hoar on Achilles; 
and thoa art as fall of envy at his grealjiess as Cerberas is at 
Proseipina's beaaty, ay, that thou barkest at him. 

Ajeu:. UistreBS Thersites !'*** 

Tker. Thoa sboiUdst strike him. 

Ajax. Cobloaf! 

T/ter. He would pan thee into abivers witb his fist, as a 
sailor breaks a biscoit. 

Ajax. Yon whoreson car ! [Beating him. 

Tker. Do, do. 

Ajax. Thoa stool for a witch ! 

7'ker. Ay, do, do; thon sodden-witted lord! thoa hast no 
more brain than I have in mine elbows ; an assinico may 
tator thee : thoa scarry-valiant ass ! thoa art here bat to 
thrash Trojans ; and thou art bought and sold among those 
of any wit, like a barbarian slave. If thon ase to beat me, I 
will begin at thy heel, and tell what thoa art by inches, thoa 
thing of no bowels, thoa 1 

Ajax. You dog ! 

Tker. You scurvy lord 1 

Ajax. You car I [Beating him, 

Tker. Mars hig idiot I do, radeness ; do, camel ; do, do. 

Unier Achilles oTtd Fatroclus, 
AchU. Why, how now, Ajax ! wherefore do you thus ? — 
How now, Thersites 1 what's the matter, man ? 
Tker. You see him there, do you ? 
AchU. Ay; what's the matter ? 
Titer. Nay, look upon him. 
AchU. So I do : what's the matter ? 



Tker. Nay, bat regard him well. 

Acha. Weil! why, I do so. 

Ther. Bnt yet yoc look not well upon Mm; for, whoso* 
ever yon take him to be, he is Ajax. 

Aehil. I know that, fool. 

Tker. Ay, bat that fool knows not himself. 

Ajax. Therefore I beat thee. 

Ther, Lo, lo, lo, lo, what modicums of wit he ntters ! hia 
•erafdons have ears thas long. I have bobbed bis brain more 
than he has best my bonee : I will bay nine sparrows for a 
penny, and his pia mater is not worth the ninth part of a 
sparrow. This lord, Achilles, Ajax, — who wears his wit in 
his belly, and his gats in his head, — I'll tell you what I say 
of him. 

AchU. What? 

Ther. I say, this Ajai — 

[Ajax offers to beat him, Achilles interposes. 

AchU. Nay, good Ajax. . 

Ther. Has not so mach wit — 

AchU. Nay, I must hold yon. 

Ther. As will stop the eye of Helen's needle, for whom he 
comes to fight. 

AchU. Peace, fool! 

Ther. I would have peace and quietness, but the fool will 
not : be there ; that he; look yon there. 

Ajax. thoa damned cor I I shall — 

AchU. Will yon set your wit to a fool's ? 

Tker. No, I warrant you ; for a fool'e will shame it. 

Patr. Qood words, Thersites. 

AchU. What's the quarrel ? 

Ajax. I bade the vile owl go learn me the tenonr of the 
proclamatiou, and he rails upon me. 

Ther. I serve thee not. 

Ajax. Well, go to, go to. 

Ther. I serre here voluntary. 

Ackil. Your last service was sufferance, 'twas not volun- 
tary, — no man is beaten voluntary : Ajax was here the volun- 
tary, and you as under an impress. 

Ther. E'en so ; a great deal of your wit too lies in your 
sinews, or else there be liars. Hector shall have a great catch. 



if he knock oat either of yonr brains : 'a were as good crack a 
fnsty nut with no kernel. 

Achil. What, with me too, ThersitoB? 

Tker. There's Ulysses and old Mestor — whose wit was 
moaldy ere your'**' grandsires had nails on their toes — yoke 
yoa like draaght-oxen, and make you plough up the wars. 

Achil. What, what 7 

Ther. Yes, good sooth : to, Achilles ! to, Ajax, to ! 

Ajax. I shall cut out yonr tongue. 

Ther. 'Tis no matter; I shall speak aa much as thou after- 

Patr. No more words, Thersites ; peace ! 

Ther. I will hold my peace when Achilles' brach'*" bids 
me, shall I ? 

Achil. There's for you, Fatroclus. 

Tker. I will see you hanged, like clotpoles, ere I come any 
more to yonr tents : I will keep where there is wit stirring, 
and leave the faction of fools. [Exit. 

Patr. A good riddance. 

Achil. Marry, this, sir, is proolaim'd through all oar 
host : — 
That Hector, by the fifth hourt*" of the sun. 
Will, with a trampet, 'twizt our tents and Troy, 
To-morrow morning call some knight to arms 
That hath a stomach ; and such a one that dare 
Maintain — I know not what ; 'tis trash. Farewell. 

Ajax. Farewell. Who shall answer him ? 

Achil. I know not, — 'tis put to lottery; otherwise 
He knew his man. lExennt Achil. and Patr. 

Ajax. 0, meaning you. — I will go learn more of it. 


SoENB n. Troy. A room in Fiiuu's palace. 
Enter Friah, Hector, TuoiLns, Pasis, and Helekhs. 
Pin, After BO many hours, lives, speeches spent, 
Thus once again says Nestor from the Greeks : — 
" Deliver Helen, and all damage else — 
As honour, loss of time, travail, expense, 


•cm u.] TBOILXffi AND CBE88IDA. SI 

WonndB, friends, and vhat else dear that is cousiim'd 

b hot digestion of this cormorant war — 

Stall be Bbnck off:" — Hector, what say yon to't? 

Hect, Thongh no man lesser fears tbe Greeks than I 
As br as tonchetli my particular, 
Yet, dread Priam, 

There is no lady of more softer bowels. 
More spongy to snck in the sense of fear, 
More ready to cry oat " Who knows what foflows ?" 
Than Hector is : the wound of peace is surety, 
Snrety secnre ; bnt modest donbt is call'd 
The beacon of the wise, the tent that searches 
To the bottom of tbe worst. Let Helen go : 
Since tbe first sword was drawn abont this question, 
Erery tithe sonl, 'mongst many thonsand dismes. 
Hath been as dear as Helen, — I mean, of oars : 
If we hare lost so many tenths of onrs. 
To gcard a thing not onrs nor worth to na. 
Had it oar name, the valne of one ten, — 
What merit's in that reason which denies 
The yielding of her np ? 

Tro. Fie, fie, my brother \ 

Weigh yon the worth and honour of a king. 
So great as onr dread &ther, in a scale 
Of common ounces ? will you with counters som 
The past-proportion of bis infinite ?'*" 
And buckle-in a waist most fathomless 
With spans and inches bo diminntive 
As fears and reasons ? fie, for godly'**' shame ! 

Hel. Mo marvel, though yon bite so sharp at reasons. 
Yon are so empty of them. Shoold not oar father 
Bear the great sway of his affairs with reasons, 
Because your speech hath none that tells him so ? 

Tro. You are for dreams and slumbers, brother priest ; 
Yoa fur your gloves with reason. Here are your reasons : 
Yon know an enemy intends yoa hami ,- 
Yon know a sword employ'd is perilous. 
And reason fiies the object of all harm : 
Who marrela, then, when Helenus beholds 
A Grecian and his aword, if be do set 



The very wings of reaaon to his lieela, 

And fly like chidden Mercniy from Jore, 

Or like a star disorb'd ? Nay, if we talk of reason, 

Let'B shut oar gates, and sleep : manhood and hoDOtir 

Shonld have hare-hearts, would they but fat their thoughts 

With this cramm'd reason : reason and respect 

Make livers pale, and Instihood deject. 

Hect. Brother, she is not worth what she dotb cost 
The holding. 

Tro. What is aught, bnt as 'tis valo'd ? 

Hect. Bat valne dwells not in particular will ; 
It holds hie estimate and dignity 
As well wherein 'tis precioas of itself 
As in the prizer : 'tis mad idolatry 
To make the service greater than the god ; 
And the will dotes, that is attributive 
To what infectiously itself affects. 
Without some image of th' affected merit. 

Tro. I take to-day a urife, and my election 
Is led on in the condnct of my will ; 
My will enkindled by mine eyes and earn, 
Two traded pilots 'twixt the dangerous shores 
Of will and judgment : how may I avoid, 
Althoagh my will distaste what it elected. 
The wife I chose ? there can be no evasion 
To blench &om this, and to stand firm by honour : 
We tarn not hock the silks upon the merchant 
When we have soil'd them ; nor the remainder viands 
We do not throw in onreapective sieve 
Because we now are full. It was thought meet 
Paris shonld do some vengeance on the Greeks : 
Your breath of full consent bellied his sails ; 
The seas and winds, old wranglers, took a trace. 
And did him service : he toucb'd the ports desir'd ; 
And, for an old anut whom the Greeks held captive. 
He brought s Grecian qaeen, whose youth and freshness 
Wrinkles Apollo, and makes stale the morning."** 
Why keep we her ? the Grecians keep oar aunt : 
Is she worth keeping? why, she is a pearl. 
Whose price hath launch'd above a thousand ships. 



And tnm'd crown'd kings to merchants. 
If yonll avoncli 'twas wisdom Paris went, — 
As yon mcBt needs, for you all cried, " Qo, go ;" 
K you'll confess he brought home noble prize, — 
As you must needs, for you all clapp'd your hands. 
And cried, " Inestimable !" — why do you now 
The issue of your proper wisdoms rate. 
And do a deed that fortune never did, — 
Beggar the eetiouition which you priz'd 
Bicher than sea and land ? O theft most base. 
That we have stol'n what we do fear to keep!'*" 
Bat, thieves, unworthy of a thing so Btol'ti, 
That in their country did them tiiat disgrace 
We fear to wanaot in our native place I 

Cat. [tpithiti] Cry, Trojans, cry ! 

Pri. What noise, what shriek is this? 

Tro. 'Tis our mad sister ; I do know her voice. 

Cos. {icithin] Cry, Trojans ! 

Hect, It is Cassa&dro. 

Enter Cassaudba, tavttig. 

Cos. Cry, Trojans, cry [ lead me ten thousand eyes. 
And I will fiU them with prophetic tears. 

Hect, Peace, sister, peace ! 

Cos. Virgins and boys, mid-age and wrinkled eld,'*''' 
Soft infancy, that nothing canst bnt cry. 
Add to my clamours t let ns pay betimes 
A moiety of that mass of moan to come. 
Cry, Trojans, cry ! practise your eyes with tears 1 
Troy mast not be, nor goodly Ilion stand ; 
Our firebrand brother, Paris, bums as all. 
Cry, Trtijans, cry ! a Helen and a woe ! 
Cry, cry 1 Troy bums, or else let Helen go. [Exit, 

Hect. Now, youthful Troilns, do not these higb strains 
Of divination in our sister work 
Some touches of remorse ? or is your blood 
So madly hot, that no discourse of reason, 
Nor fear of bad saocesB in a bad cause. 
Can qualify the same ?- 

Tro. Why, brother Hector, 

TOL. VI.' » 



We may oot tbink the jaetneae of each act 
Sach and no other than eTent doth form it ; 
Nor ODC6 dejent the courage of oar minds, 
Becaaae Cassandia'a mad : her brain-Bick raptares 
Cannot distaste the goodneBe of a qnarrel 
Which hath oar Bevetal hononrs all engsg'd 
To make it gtacious. For my private part, 
I am no more tonch'd than all Priam's sons : 
And JoTB forbid there sboold be done amongst as 
Sach things as might offend the weakest spleen 
To fight for and maintain \ 

Par. Else mi^t the world convince of levity 
As well my andertakings as yoni coansels : 
Bnt I attest the gods, yoar fall consent 
Gave wings to my propension, and cat off 
All fears attending on so dire a project. 
For what, slas, can these my single arms ? 
What propognation is in one man's valoor. 
To stand the push and enmity of those 
This qnarrel wonld excite ? Tet, I protest. 
Were I alone to pass*^ the difflcnlUes, 
And had as ample power as I have will, 
Paris shoald ne'er retract what he hath done. 
Nor faint in the porsnit. 

Pri. Paris, yoa speak 

Like one besotted on yoar sweet delights : 
Yoa have the honey still, bat these the gall ; 
So to be valiant is no praise at all. 

Par. Sir, I propose not merely to myself 
The pleaearea sach a beauty brings with it ; 
Bnt I woald have the soil of her fair rape 
Wip'd off in honoarable keeping her. 
What treason were it to the ransack'd queen. 
Disgrace to your great worths, and shame to me, 
Now to deliver her possession ap 
On terms of base compulsion ! Can it be 
That 80 degenerate a strain as this 
Should once set footing in yoar generous bosoms ? 
There's not the meanest spirit on our party 
Withoat a heart to dare, or sword to draw. 



When Helen is defended ; nor none bo noble 
Whoae life were ill beetow'd, or death nnfam'd. 
Where Helen ia the subject: then, I say. 
Well may we fight for her, whom, we know well. 
The world's lai^e spEtces cannot parallel. 

Hect. Paris and Troilna, yon have both aaid well ; 
And on the caase and question now in hand 
HaTe gloz'd, — but saperfioially ; not mach 
Unlike yonng men, whom Aristotle thought 
Unfit to hear moral philosophy: 
The reasons yon allege do more conduce 
To the hot passion of distemper'd blood 
Than to make up a free determination 
'Twixt right and wrong ; for pleasure and revenge 
Have ears more deaf than adders to the voice 
Of any true decision. Nature craves 
Ail daes be render'd to their owners : now, 
What nearer debt in all bomanity 
Than wife is to the husband ? If this law 
Of nature be corrupted through affection. 
And that great minds, of partial indulgence 
To their bennmbM wills, resist the same, 
There is a law in each well-ordet'd nation 
To cnrb those raging appetites that are 
Most disobedient and r^ractory. 
If Helen, then, be wife to Sparta's king, — 
As it is known she is, — these moral laws 
Of nature and of nations apeak alond 
To have hw back retnm'd : thus to persist 
In doing wrong extenuates not wrong, 
But makes it much more heavy. Hector's opinion 
Is this, in way of tmth : yet, ne'ertheless, 
My spritely brethren, I propend to you 
In resolution to keep Helen stiU ; 
For 'tis a cause that hath no mean dependance 
Upon onr joint and several dignities. 

Tro. Why, there you touch 'd the life of our design : 
Were it not gloty that we more affected 
Than the performance of our heaving spleens, 
I would not wish a drop of Trojan blood 



Spent more in her defence. Bat, worthy Hector, 
She is a theme of honour and renown ; 
A. B-pUT to valiant and magnanimons deeds ; 
Whose present coorsge may beat down oar foea, 
And &nie in time to come can6nize qb : 
For, I presnme, braTO Hector woald not lose 
So rich advantage of a promis'd glory, 
As Bmiles npon the forehead of tbia action. 
For the wide world's revenne. 

Hect. I am yoare, 

Yon valiant offspring of great Friamns. — 
I have a roisting challenge sent amongst 
The doll and factions nobles of the Oreeka 
Will strike amazement to their drowsy spirits : 
I was adv^rtis'd their great general slept, 
Whilst emnlation in the army crept: 
This, I presnme, will wake him. [ExeutiU 

SflBHE m. The Grecian camp. Before Aohillbs' tent. 
£nter Thebsites. 
Ther. How now, Thersitea ! what, loet in the labyrinth of 
thy fiiry ! Shall the elephant Ajax cany it thns ? he beats 
me, and I rail at him : worthy satisfaction ! woald it were 
otherwise ; that I coold beat him, whilst he railed at me : 
'sfoot, I'll learn to conjore and raise devils, bat I'll see soma 
iaane of my epitefal execrations. Then there'a Achilles, — a 
rare enginer. If Troy be not taken till these two undermine 
it, the walls will atand till they fall of themselves. thoa 
great tiinnder-darter of Olympas, forget that thon art Jove, 
the king of gods ; and, Mercory, lose all the serpentine craft 
of thy cadacens ; if ye take not that little little less-than-little 
wit &om them that they have I which short-aimed'**' ignor- 
ance itself knows is so abundant scarce, it will not in ciroam- 
vention deliver a Sy from a spider, withoat drawing their 
massy irons and catting the web. After this, the vengeance 
on the whole camp ! or, rather, the bone-ache I***' fo( that, 
methinks, is the cnrse dependant on those that war for a 


■on tu.] TROILUS Ain> CBEBSIDA. S7 

placket. I hme said my prayers ; and devil emj say Amen. 
— Wliat, ho ! my Lord Achillea 1 

Unter PATBOCLtrs. 

Patr. Who's there? Thereites! Good ThersiteB, come in 
and rail. 

Th^r. If I coold have remembered a gUt coonterfeit, thaa 
wooldet not have slipped out of my contemplation : but it is 
no matter; thyself npon thyself! Thecommon curse ofmaa- 
kind, folly and ignorance, be thine in great revenoe ! heaven 
bless thee from a tutor, and discipline come not near thee ! 
Let thy blood be thy direction till thy death ! then if she 
that lays thee oat says thon art a t&ii corse, I'll be worn 
and sworn npon't she never Bhrooded any bat lazars. Amen. 
—Where's Achilles? 

Patr. What, art thon devout ? wast thoa in prayer ? 

Ther. Ay ; the heavens hear me ! 

£ntor AoHiLLES. 

AchU. Who's there ? 

Patr. Therdtes, my lord. 

AehU. Where, where ? — Art thon come ? why, my cheese, 
my digestion, why hast thoa not served thyself in to my table 
80 many meals? Come, — what's Agamemnon? 

Tker. Thy commander, Achilles. — Then tell me, Fatro- 
cIqb, what's AichilleB ? 

Patr, Thy lord, Thersites : then tell me, I pray thee, 
what's thyself? 

Ther. Thy knower, Fatroclns : then tell me, Fatioolas, 
what art thoa ? 

Patr. Thon mayat tell that knowest. 

AekU. O. teU, teU. 

Ther. Ill decline the whole qaestion. Agamemnon com- 
mands Achilles ; Achilles is my lord ; I am Fatrodas' knower ; 
and Fatrodas is a fool. 

Patr. Toa rascal t 

I%er. Peace, fool t I have not done. 

AchU. He is a privileged man. — Proceed, Thersites. 

Tker. Agamemnon is a fool ; Achilles is a fool ; Thersites 
is a fool ; and, as aforesaid, Fatrodas is a fool. 



Achil. Derive this ; come. 

Tker. Agamemnon is a fool to offer to command Achilles ; 
Achillea ia a fool to be commanded of Agamemnon ; Tber- 
eitoB is a fool to serve such a fool ; and Patroolos ia a fool 

Pair. Why am I a fool? 

Ther. Make that demand to the creator.''** It saffices me 
then art. — Look yon, who comes here ? 

AckU. Fatrocloa, I'll epeak with nobody. — Come in vith 
ne, Tbersites. [Exit. 

Tker. Here is sach patchery, snch juggling, and BQch 
knavery ! all the argument is a cuckold and a whore ; a good 
quarrel to draw emnlons factions and bleed to death npon. 
Now, the dry serpigo on the snbject ! and war and lechery 
confoond aU t [Exit. 

Elder AaAUBUHOH, TTltssbs, yESTOB, Siouedes, and Ajaz. 

Agam. Where is Achilles ? 

Patr. Within his tent; bat ill-dispos'd, my lord. 

Agam, Let it bo known to him that we are here. 
He shent oar messengers ;'"' and we lay by 
Our appertainments, visiting of him : 
Let him be told so ; lest perchance he think 
We dare not move the question of oar place. 
Or know not what we are. 

Pair. I shall say so to him. [Exit. 

Ulysi. We saw him at the opening of his tent : 
He is not sick. 

Ajax. Yea, lion-sick, sick of proad heart : yoo may call 
it melancholy, if yon will favour the man ; bnt, by my head, 
'tis pride: hot why, why? let him show ns the cause. — A 
word, my lord. ^TakeB Agamemnon aside. 

Nest. What moves Ajax thus to bay at him ? 

Ulyss. Achilles hath inveigled his fool from him. 

Neat. Who, Tbersites ? 

Ulyss. He. 

Nest. Then will Ajax lack matter, if he have lost his 

Ulyis. No, yon see, he is his argnment that has his arga- 
ment,— Achillea. 


sonn m.] TBOILns AND CBESSIDA. 80 

Negt All the better ; their fraction is more our Trish than 
th^ faction : bat it was a strong composure a fool could dia- 

Vlpta. The amity that visdom knits not, folly may easily 
nntie. — Here comes Patroclns. 

Nest. No AchilleB with him. 

Ulyaa. The elephant hath jointa, bat none for courtesy : 
Ms legs are legs fbr necessity, not for flexure. 

Re-enter Patroolbs. 

Patr. Achilles bids me say, he is mnch sorry, 
If any thing more than yonr sport and pleasure 
Did move your greatness and this noble state 
7o call upon him; he hopes it is no other 
But for yonr health and yonr digestion sake,^ 
An after-dinner's breath. 

Agam. Hear yon, Patro<dns : — 

We are too Tell acqnainted with these answers : 
Bnt his evasion, wing'd thus swift with scorn, 
Oannot outfly our apprehensions. 
Mach attribute he hath ; and much the reason 
"Why we ascribe it to him: yet all his virtues, 
Not virtnously on his own part beheld. 
Do in oar eyes begin to lose their gloss ; 
Yea, like &iT fruit in an unwholesome dish, 
Are like to rot nntasted. Go and tell him, 
We come to speak with him ; and you shall not sin, 
If yon do say we think him over-proud 
And under-honest ; in self-assumption greater 
Than in the note of judgment ; and worthier than himself^*^ 
Here tend the savage strangeness he puts on. 
Disguise the holy strength of their command. 
And nnderwrite in an observing kind 
His humorous predominance ; yea, watch 
B!is pettish Innes, his ebbs, his flows,"'' as if 
The passage and whole carriage of this action 
Bode on his tide. Go tell him this ; and add, 
That if he overbold his price so much. 
We'll none of him ; but let him, like an engine 
Kot portable, lie under this report, — 



Bring RCtion hither, this cannot go to war : 
A Btiiring dwarf we do allowance give 
Before a sleeping giant : — tell him so. 

Pair. I shall; and bring his answer presently. [Exit. 

Agavi. In second voice we'll not be satisfied ; 
We come to speak with him. — Ulysses, enter you. 

lExit Vlyties. 

Ajax. What is he more than anbther ? 

Agam. No more than what he thinks he is. 

Ajax. Is he so mach ? Do yoa not think he thinks him- 
■elf a better man than I am ? 

Agam. No qaestion. 

Ajax. Will yon snbscribe hia thonght, and say he is ? 

Agam, No, noble Ajax ; yoa are as strong, as raliant, as 
wise, no less noble, mach more gentle, and altogether more 

Ajasc. Why should a man be proud ? How doUi pride 
grow ? I know not what pride is. 

Agam. Yoor mind is the clearer, Ajax, and your mtues 
the fairer. He that is proud eats up himself; pride is his 
own glass, his own trumpet, his own chronicle; and what- 
ever praises itself hut in the deed, devours the deed in the 

Ajax. I do hate a proud man, as I hate the engendering 
of toads. 

NeBt. {aeidel Yet he loves himself: is't not strange? 

Re-enter Ultssbs. 

Vlyss. Achilles will not to the field to-morrow. 

Agam. What's his excuse ? 

XJlyaa. He doth rely on none ; 

But carries on the stream of his dispose, 
Without observance or respect of any. 
In will peculiar and in self-admiesion. 

Agam, Why'will he not, upon our fair request, 
Untent his person, and share the air with us ? 

Ulyts. Things email as nothing, for request's sake onlyr 
He makes important : possess'd he is with gieatsess ; 
And speaks not to himself, but with a pride 
That quarrels at self-breath i imagin'd worth 



Holds in his blood sach ewoln and hot discourse. 
That 'twixt his mental and his active parts 
Kingdom'd Achillea in commotion rages. 
And batters down himself : what should I aay ? 
He is 80 plaguy proud, that the death-tokens oft 
Cry " No recoTBry." 

Agam. Let Ajas go to him. — 

Dear lord, go yon and greet him in his tent : 
'Tis said he holda yon well ; and will be led, 
At yonr reqaeet, a little &om himself. 

UU/$s. Agamemnon, let it not be bo ! 
Well consecrate the steps that Ajax makes 
'When they go ftom Achilles : shall the prond lord. 
That bastes hia arrogance with his own seam. 
And neTet saffers matter of the world 
Enter bis thonghts, save anch as doth rerolve 
And niminate himself, — shall he be worshipp'd 
Of that we hold an idol more than he 9 
No, this duice-worthy and right-Tsliant lord 
Mnst not so stale his palm, nob^ acqnir'd ; 
Nor, by my will, assnbjngate his merit. 
As amply titled as Achilles is, 
By going to Achillea : 
That were t' enlard hia fat-already pride. 
And add more coala to Cancer when he boms 
With entertaining great Hyperion. 
This lord go to him 1 Jnpiter forbid. 
And say in thnnder, "Achilles go to him." 

Nest, [aside] 0, this is well ; he robs the vein of 

Dio. [a«i(2e] And how hia silence drinks ap this ap- 

Jjax. If I go to him, with my armdd fist 
m paah him o'er the £ace. 

Agam. 0, no, yon shall not go. 

Ajax. An 'a be prond with me, I'll pheese his pride : 
Let me go to him. 

tTlj/M. Not for the worth that hangs npon onx qnanel. 

Ajax. A paltry, insolent fellow ! 

Nest, {ande} How he deacribes himself! 



Ajax. Can he not be sociable 9 

Ulyss. [asidf] The raven chides blackneaa. 

Ajax. I'll 1st his hnmourB blood. 

Agam. \_aside\ He will be the physician that should be the 

Ajax. An all men were o' my mind, — 

Ulyss. [aside] Wit would be out of foshion. 

Ajax. 'A shoold not bear it so, 'a ahoold eat swords first: 
shall pride carry it ? 

Nest, [aside'] An 'twould, yon'd carry half. 

Ulyss. [aside] 'A wonld have ten shares. 

Ajax. I will knead him ; I'll make him sopple. 

Nest, [oxide] He's not yet throagh warm :'*°' force him with 
praises : ponr in, pour in ; his ambition is dry. 

Ulyss, [to Agam^ My lord, you feed too mnch on this dis- 

Nest. Onr noble general, do not do ao. 

Dio. Yon mnat prepare to fight without Achilles. 

Ulyss. Why, 'tis this naming of him does him harm. 
Here is a man — bat 'tis before his &ce ; 
I will be silent. 

Neat. Wherefore shonld yon so ? 

He is not emnlons, as Achilles is. 

Ulyss. Know the whole world, he is aa valiant. 

Ajax. A whoreson dog, that shall palter thoa with as ! 
Would he were a Trojan ! 

Nest. What a vice were it in Ajax now, — 

Ulyss. If he were prond, — "" 

Dio. Or covetous of praise, — 

XJlyss. Ay, or early borne, — 

Dio. Or strange, or self-affected ! 

Ulyss. Thank the heavens, lord, tiioa art of sweet com* 
posare ; 
Praise him that got thee, she that gave thee sack : 
Fam'd be thy lator, and thy parts of nature 
Thrice-fom'd, beyond all eradition :"*' 
Bat he that disciplin'd thy arms to fight, 
Ijet Mars divide eternity in twain, 
And give him half: and, for thy vigour, let"* 
BoU'bearing Milo bis addition yield 


vxn I.] TBOmua AND 0BEB8ID1. 48 

To anevj Ajax. I'll not prsiBe thy wisdom, 
Whicli, like a bonm, a pale, a shore, confines 
Thy spacioDB and dilated parts : here's Nestor, — 
Instractod by the antiquary times, 
He mast, he is, he cannot hat be wise : — 
Bat pardon. Gather Nestor, were year days 
Aa green as Ajax', and year brain ao temper'd, 
Yoa shoold not hare the eminence of him, 
Bot be as Ajax. 

Ajax, Shall I call yon lather ? 

Nest. Ay, my good son."*** 

Dio. Be ml'd by him, Lord Ajax. 

Ulyss. There is no tarrying here ; the hart Achilles 
Seeps thicket. Please it onr great general 
To call together all his state of war ; 
Fresh kings are come to Troy : to-morrow'*" 
We most with all oar main of power stand hst : 
And here's a lord, — come knights from east to west. 
And call their flower, Ajax shall cope the best. 

Affam. Qo we to council. Let Achilles sleep ; 
Xiight boats sail swift, thongh greater hoiks draw deep. 


Scene I. Troy. A room in Peiah's palace. 
Enter a Servant and Panda bus. 

Pan, Friend, yon, — pray yon, a word : do not yoa follow 
the yoong Lord Paris ? 

Serv. Ay, sir, when he goes before me. 

Pan. Yoa depend npon him, I mean ? 

Serv, Sir, I do depend npon the lord. 

Pan. Yoa depend upon a noble gentleman ; I most needs 
praise him. 

Seru. The lord be praised I 

Pan. Yoa know me, do yoa not ? 

jb,Googlc — 


Serv. Faith, sir, superficially. 

Pan. Friend, know me better ; I am ihe Lord PandsmB. 

Sero. I hope I shall know yoor honour better. 

Pan. I do desire it. 

Serv. Yoa are in the Btste of grace. 

P(m. Grace I not ao, friend ; honoar and lordship are my 
titles. [Mntic witkin.^ — What music is this ? 

Serv. I do bat partly know, sir : it is mnaio in parts. 

Pan. Know yon the masicians ? 

Serv. "Wholly, sir. 

Pan. Who play they to ? 

Serv. To the hearers, sir. 

Pan. At whose pleasure, friend ? 

Serv. At mine, sir, and theirs that lore mnsic. 

Pan. Command, I mean, friend. 

Serv. Who shall I command, air ? 

Pan. Friend, we understand not one another : I am too 
courtly, and thou art too cunning. At whose request do these 
men play? 

Serv. That's to't, indeed, sir : marry, sir, at the request 
of Paris my lord, who's there in person ; with him, the mortal 
Venus, the heart-blood of beauty, love's invisible soul, — "** 

Pan. Who, my cousin Cressida ? 

Serv. No, sir, Helen : could you not find oat that by her 
attributes ? 

Pan. It should seem, fellow, that thou hast not seen the 
Lady Cressida. I come to speak with Paris &om the Prince 
Troilus : I will make a complimental assault upon him, for 
my business seethes. 

Serv. Sodden business t there's a stewed phrase indeed 1 

Enter Pabis and Eelbn, attended. 

Pan, Fair be to you, my lord, and to all this fair com* 
pany! fair desires, in all fair measure, fairly guide theml 
— especially to you, &ir queen ! fair thoughts be your fair 
pillow 1 

Helen. Dear lord, you are full of fair words. 

Pan. You speak your fair pleasure, sweet queen. — Fair 
prince, here is good broken music. 


acm I.] TROILTra AHD GBE8SIDA. 46 

Par. YoD have broke it, coasiQ : and, by mj life, yoa shall 
make it whole again ; 7011 ahall piece it oat with a piece of 
JOI17 performance. — ^Nell, he is fnll of harmony. 

Pan. Truly, lady, no. 

Helen. 0, air, — 

Pan. Bade, in sooth ; in good aooth, yery mde. 

Par. Well said, my lord ! well, you say bo in fits. 

Pan. I have bosinesa to my lord, dear queen. — My lord, 
-will yon voachBafe me a word ? 

Helen. Nay, this shall not hedge ns otit : well hear yon 
fling, certainly. 

Pan. Well, sweet qaeen, you are pleasant with me. — Bat, 
many, thas, my lord, — My dear lord, and most esteemed 
friend, yoor brother Troilas, — 

Helen. M7 lord Fandarns; honey-sweet lord, — 

Pan. Go to, sweet qaeen, go to: — commends himself most 
affectionately to you, — 

Helen. Yon shall not bob us oat of our melody; if yon 
do, oar melancholy apoa your head I 

Pan. Sweet queen, sweet queen ; that's a sweet qaeen, i' 

Helen. And to make a sweet lady sad is a soar ofTence. 
Nay, that shall not serve your tarn ; that shall it not, in truth, 
la. Nay, I care not for aach words ; no, no.'*" 

Pan. And, my lord, he desires yoa, that if the king call 
for him at sapper, yoa will make his excuse. 

Helen. My Lord Pandarns, — 

Pan. What says my sweet queen, — ^my very very sweet 

Par. What exploit's in hand ? where sups he to-night ? 

Helen. Nay, bat, my lord, — 

Pan. What says my sweet qneen ? — My consin will Call 
-out with yoa. You must not know where he saps.**** 

Par, 1*11 lay my life, with my disposer'*" Cressida. 

Pan. No, no, no such matter; yon are wide : come, your 
disposer is sick. 

Par. Well, I'll make excuse. 

Pan. Ay, good my lord. Why should you say Cressida? 
no, year poor disposer's sick. 

Par. I spy. 


40 TBOILVB AND dmSBIDA. [aot m. 

Pan, You spy ! what do you spy ? — Come, give me an in- 
atniment, — Now, sweet qaeen. 

Helen. Why, this is kindly done. 

Pan. My niece is horribly in love with a thing yon have, 
sweet qneen. 

Helen. She shall have it, my lord, if it be not my lord 

Pan. He ! no, she'll none of him ; Uiey two are twain. 
Helen. Falling in, after falling out, may make them three. 
Pan. Come, come, I'll hear no more of this; I'll sing you 
a song now. 

Helen. Ay, ay, prithee now. By my troth, sweet lord, 
thon hast a fine forehead. 

Pan. Ay, yon may, you may. 

Helen. Let thy song be love : this love will nndo ns all. 
Cnpid, Cupid, Cnpid ! 

Pan. Love ! ay, that it shall, i'faith. 
Par. Ay, good now, love, love, nothing but loTe. 
Pan, In good troth, it begins so. [Singa^ 

Love, lore, nothing but lore, still more ! 
For, 0, loTe'fl bow 
Shoots buck and doe : 
The shaft confbunda, 
Not that it woonds, 
But ticklea still the sore. 
These lovera cry — Oh ! oh ! they die ! 

Yet that which seems the wound to kill 
Doth turn oh I oh ! to ha I ha ! he I 

So dying love lives still : 
Oh ! oh t a whUe, but ha 1 ha 1 ha I 
Oh I oh ! groans out for ha ! ha ! ha I 
Heigh<ho ! 

Helen. In love, i'faith, to the very tip of the nose. 
Par. He eats nothing bat doves, love ; and that breeds 
hot blood, and hot blood begets hot thoughts, and hot thooghts 
beget hot deeds, and hot deeds is love. 

Pan. Ifl this the generation of love ?"*' hot blood, hot 
thonghts, and hot deeds ? Why, they are vipers : is love a 
generation of vipers? — Sweet lord, who's a-field to-day? 
Par, Hector, Deiphobus, Helenns, Antenor, and all the 


■crax u.] TfiOILDS AND OBEBBIDA, 47 

gallantly of Troy : I would fain have armed to-day, bat my 
Nell wonld not hare it so. How cbance my brother TroiluB 
went not ? 

Helen. He hangs the Up at something : — yon know all, 
Lord Pandaraa. 

Pan. Not I, honey-sweet queen. — I long to hear how they 
sped to-day. — You'll remember yonr brother's excuse ? 

Par. To a hair. 

Pan. Farewell, sweet queen. 

Helen, Commend me to joor nie<:e. 

Pan. I will, sweet queen. [Exit. 

[A retreat tounded. 

Par. They're come &om field : let us to Priam's hall, 
To greet the warriors. Sweet Helen, I must woo yoa 
To help unarm onr Hector : his stubborn buckles, 
WiUi these your white enchanting fingers toooh'd, 
SbaiH more obey than to the edge of steel 
Or force of Glreekish sinews ; you shall do more 
Thau all the island kings, — disarm great Hector. 

Helen. 'Twill make us proud to be his serrant, Paris ; 
Yea, what he shall receive of as in duty 
Oires db more palm in beauty than we hare, 
Yea, oTershines onrself. 

Par. Sweet, above thonght I loye thee. [Exeunt. 

SoENS n. Tke tame. Pansabus' orchard. 
Enter Pakdardb and Tboilcs' Boy,*''* meeting. 
Pan. How now! where's thy master? at my cousin Cres- 

Boff. No, sir ; he sta3rs for yon to condact him thither. 
Pan. 0, here he comes. 

Ikter TitomuH, 
How now, how now ! 

TVo. Sirrah, walk off. [Exit Boy. 

Pan. Have yon seen my consin ? 

Tro. No, Pandarus : I stalk about her door. 


48 TBOILUa AND CBESBroA. [act ni. 

Like a Btrange soul upon the Stygian bsnkB 
Staying for waftage. 0, be thou my Charoc, 
And give me swift transportBiice to those Gelds 
"Where I may wallow in the lily-teda 
Ppopos'd for the deserver ! gentle Pandanifl, 
From Cnpid'e shonlder plnck bis painted wings. 
And fly with me to CresBid I 

Pan. Walk here i' the orchard, I'll bring her straight. 


Tro. Tm giddy; expectation whirls me loand. 
Th' imaginary relish is so sweet 
That it enchants my sense : what will it he, 
When that the watery palate tastes'"' indeed 
Love's thrice-repar^d*'*' nectar ? death, I fear me ; 
Swooning"*' destraction ; or some joy too fine, 
Too subtle-potent, tnn'd too sharp in sweetness, 
For the capacity of my ruder powers : 
I fear it much ; and I do fear besides, 
That I diall lose distinction in my joys ; 
As doth a battle, when they charge on heaps 
The enemy flying. 

He-enter Pandabcs. 

Pan. She's making her ready, she'll come stnnght : yon 
must be witty now. She does so blush, and fetches her wind 
BO short, as if she were frayed with a sprite : 111 fetch her. 
It is the prettiest villain : she fetches her breaUi as short as a 
new-ta'en sparrow. [Exit, 

Tro. Even such a passion doth embrace my bosom : 
My heart beats thicker than a feverous pulse ; 
And all my powers do their bestowing lose. 
Like vassah^e at unawares encountering 
The eye of majesty. 

Re-enter Fandabus with CitBSStnA. 
Pan. Come, come, what need you blush ? shame's a baby, 
— Here she is now: ewear the oaths now to her that yon 
have sworn to me. — What, are you gone again? yon must 
be watched ere you be made tame, must you ? Gome your 
ways, come your ways ; an you draw backward, well put 



yon i* the fills. — Why do yoa oot Bpeak to her? — Come, 
dnw this cortain, and let's Boe your picture. Alas the day, 
how loth yoa are to offend daylight! an 'twere dark, yoa'd 
close sooner. So, bo i rah on, and kiBB the nuBtreBB. How 
DOW ! a kiSB in fee-farm I haild there, carpenter ; the air ia 
Bweet. Nay, yon shall fight your hearts ont ere I part yon. 
The falcon as the tercel, for all the dnckB i' the river ; go to, 

Tro. Yon b^re bereft me of all words, lady. 

Pan. Words pay no debts, give her deeds : bnt she'll be- 
reare yon o' the deeds too, if she call yonr aotirity in ques- 
tion. What, billiiig agaip? Here's — "Ip witness whereof 
the parties interchangeably" — Come in, come in ; I'll go get 
B fire, {Exit. 

Cret. Will yon walk in, my lord ? 

Tro. O Cressida, bow often have I wished me thae I 

CrgB. Wished, my lord 1 — The goda granb-r-O my lord ! 

Tro. What sbonld they grant? what makes this pretty 
abmption f What too cnrions dreg espies my sweet lady in 
the fountain of our love ? 

Crei. More dregs than water, if my fears have eyes. 

Tro. Fears make devils of cherubiuB; they never see truly. 

Cret. Blind fear, that seeing reason leads, finds safer foot- 
ing than blind reason stnmbling without fear ; to fear the 
worst oft enres the worst.''^ 

Tro. 0, let my lady apprehend no fear : in all Capid's 
pageant there is presented do monster. 

Cres. Nor noUiing monstrouB neither ? 

Tro. Nothing, but onr nndertakingB ; when we vow to 
weep seas, live in fire, eat rocks, tame tigers; thinking it 
harder for oar mistresB to devise imposition enoDgh than for 
OB to undergo any difficulty imposed. This is the monstru- 
oflity in love, lady, — that the will is infinite, and the execa- 
tioD confined; that the desire is boundless, and the act a slave 
to limit. 

Crei. They say, all lovers swear more performanee than 
they are able, and yet reserve sn ability that they never per- 
form ; vowing more than the perfection of ten, and disoha^- 
ing less than the tenth part of one. They that have the voice 
of lions and the act of hares, are the; not monsters ? 

TCOh TI. ■ 


50 TROILUS AND 0BE8BIDA. [aoi m. 

Tro. Are tliere sneh 9 ench &re sot we : praise as as we 
ate tasted, allow na as we prore ; our bead shall go bare till 
merit crown it : do perfection in rererBion shall have a praise 
in present : we will not name desert before his birth ; and, 
being bom, his addition shall be hnmble. Few words to fair 
&itb : Troilas shall be such to Cressid as what enry can say 
worst shall he a mock for Ms truth, and what tenth can 
speak truest not traer than Troilns. 

Cres. Will yon walk in, my lord ? 

S«-ent€r Pandabds. 

Pan. What, blnshing still? hare yon not done talking 

Cres. Well, nnole, what folly I commit, I dedicate to 

Pan. I thank yon for that : if my lord get a hoy of yon, 
yon'll give him me. Be true to my lord : if he flinch, chide 
me for it. 

Tro. Yon know now yonr hostages; yonr nnole's word 
and my firm faith. 

Pan. Kay, I'll give my word for her too : onr kindred, 
though they be. long ere they are wooed, they are constant 
being won : they are burs, I can tell yon ; they'll stick where 
{hey are thrown. 

Cres. Boldness comes to me now, and brings me heart: — 
Prince Troilns, I have lov'd yon night and day 
For many weary months. 

Tro. Why was my Cressid, then, so hard to win ? 

Crea. Hard to seem won : bnt I was won, my lord. 
With the first glance that ever — pardon me — 
If I confess much, yon will play the tyrant. 
I loTe you now ; bat not, till now, so much"" 
But I might master it : — in faith, I lie; 
My thoughts were like unbridled children, grown 
Too headstrong for their mother : — see, we fools ! 
Why have I blabb'd ? who shall he true to us 
When we are so unsecret to onrselTCs ? — 
But, though I lor'd yon well, I woo'd you not ; 
And yet, good faith, I wish'd myself a man, 
Or that we women had men's privilege 


wnra □.] TBOILDB AND 

Of epeaking first. Sweet, bid me bold my tongue ; 
For, in this rapture, I shall satelj speak 
The thing I shall repent. See, see, yonr silence. 
Canning'"* in dainbne«e, from my weakness draws 
My very sonl of coonsel I — stop my month. 

Tro. And shall, albeit sweet mueio isaaes thence. 

Pan. Pretty, i' tdiih. IKUtet her. 

Cra. My lord, I do beseech yon, pardon me ; 
'Twas not my pnrpcme thns to b^ a kiss : 
I am Mham'd ; — heavens I what have I done ? 
For this tame will I take my leave, my lord. 

Tto. Tonr leave, sweet Cressid I 

Pan. Leave! an yon take leave till to-morrow morning, — 

Crta. Pray yon, content yon. 

Tro. What offends yon, lady ? 

Crtt. Sir, mine own company. 

Tto. Yoa cannot shnn 


Cret. Let me go and try : 
I have a kind of self resides with yoa ; 
But an unkind self, that itself will leavs. 
To be another's fool. I wonld be gtme : — 
Where is my wit ? I know not what I speak. 

Tro. Well know they what they speak that speak so 

Crtf. Perchance, my lord, I show'd'''' more crafl than 
And fell so ronndly to a la^ confession. 
To angle for yonr thoaghts : bat yoa are wise ; 
Or else yoa love not ; for to be wise and love 
Exceeds man's mi^t ; that dwells with gods above. 

Tro. that I thonght it conld be in a woman— 
As, if it can, I will presume in yon — 
To feed for aye her lamp and flames of love ; 
To keep her constancy in plight and yonth, 
Oatliving beacty's oatward, with a mind 
That doth renew swifter than blood decays 1 
Or, that persaasion coald bat thas convince me, — 
That my integrity and tmth to you 
Uight be afi&onted with the match and weight 

jb,Googlc — 


Of Baoh a winnow'd parity in love ; 
How were I then apliiled I bat, Eilas, 
I am as true as troth's simplicity, 
And simpler than the infancy of trnth. 

Crei. In that I'll war with you- 

Tro. Tirtnonfl fight, 

When right with right wars who shall be most right I 
Tnie BwaiQS in love shall, in the world to come, 
Approve their trnths by Troilns ; when their rhymes, 
Fnll of protest, of oath, and big compare, 
Want similes, trnth tir'd with iteration,— 
As true as steel, as plantage to the moon, 
Ab snn to day, as turtle to her mate. 
As iron to adamant, as earth to the centre,— 
Yet, after all comparisons of truth. 
As tmth's authentic anthor to be cited, 
"As true as Troilus" shall crown up the Terse, 
And sanctify the numbers. 

Cres. Prophet may you be ( 

If I be false, or swerve a hair from truth, 
When time is old and hath forgot itself. 
When waterdrops have worn the stones of Troy, 
And blind oblivion swallow'd cities np, 
And mighty states char&cterlesB are grated 
To dnsty nothing ; yet let memory. 
From ffdse to false, among false maids in love. 
Upbraid my falsehood t when they've said " as false 
As air, as water, wind, or sandy earth, 
As fox to lamb, as wolf to heifer's calf, 
Pard to the hind, or stepdame to her son," — 
" Yea," let them say, to stick the heart of falsehood, 
" As false as Greseid." 

Pan. Qo to, a bargain made : seal it, seal it ; I'll be the 
witness. Here I hold yonr hand ; here my consin's. If ever 
you prove false one to another, since I have taken snch pains 
to bring yon together, let all pitifnl goers-between be called 
to the world's end after my name, call them all Pandsrs ; let 
all inconstant*^ men be Troilnses, all false women Cressids, 
and all brokers-between Pandars ! say, amen. 

Tro, Amen. 



Cret. Amen. 

Pan. Amen. Wherenpon I will show yon s chamber with 
ft bed ; which bed,^ becftnse it shall not speak of jooi pretty 
encoanters, preae it to death : awa; t 
And Cnpid grant'**' all tongne-tied maidena here 
Sed, ohamber, Paodar to provide this gear ! [Exeunt. 

SoEKE m. The Grecian camp, 

EtUtf A&iMMitsov, ULtasBB, DiohsdBs, NasTOB, Ajax, MIxnbuits, 
and Calohas. 

Cal. Now, princes, for the service I hfCfe done yon, 
Th' advantage of the time prompta me alond 
To call for recompense. Appear it to yoar mind**" 
That, throngh the sight I bear in things to Jove, 
I have abandon'd Troy, left my possessions,"** 
Incorr'd a traitor's name ; expos'd myself. 
From certain and possees'd conveniences, 
To donbtfnl fortunes ; sequestering from me all 
That time, aoqnaintance, onstom, and condition. 
Made tame and most familiar to my natnre ; 
And here, to do yob service, am become 
As new into*^ the world, strange, anacqaainted : 
I do beseech yon, as in way of taste. 
To give me now a little benefit, 
Oat of those many register'd in promise. 
Which, yon say, live to come in my behalf. 

Agam. What wonldst thon of os, Trojan ? make demand. 

Cal. Yon have a Trojan prisoner, call'd Antenor, 
Yesterday took: Troy holds him very dear. 
Oft have you — oft«n have yon thanks theref6re — 
Desir'd my Cressid in right great exchange, 
Whom Troy hath still denied: but this Antenor, 
I know, is snch a wrest tn their affaire, 
That their negotiations all mast slack. 
Wanting his manage ; and they will almost 
Give as a prince of blood,**" a son of Priam, 
In change of him : let him be sent, great princes. 



And he shall buy my daughter ; and her presence 
Shall qnite Btrike off all service I have done. 
In most accepted pay.'^ 

Agam. Let Diomedee bear him, 

And bring us Cressid hither : Calobaa shall have 
What he reqaeats of ns. — Good Diomed, 
Fnmieh yon &irly for this interchange : 
Withal, bring word if Hector will to-morrow 
Be answer'd in hie challenge: Ajax is ready. 

Dio. This shall I undertake ; and 'tie a burden 
Which I am prond to bear. 

[^Exeunt IMomedet and Calckas. 

Enter Aohillbb and Patroclus, before their lent. 
Ulyas. Achilles stands i' th' entrance of his tent : — 
Please it onr general to pass strangely by him, 
Ab if he were forgot ; and, princes all. 
Lay negligent and loose regard upon him : 
I will come last. 'Tis like he'll question me 
Why Bnch nnplaaBiye eyes are bent on him :'^ 
If 80, 1 have derision med'cinable, 
To nae between yonr strangeness and his pride, 
Which his own will shall have desire to drink : 
It may do good : pride hath no other glass 
To show itself bat pride ; for supple ksees 
Feed arrogance, and are the proud man's fees. 

Agam. We'll execute your purpose, and put on 
A form of stiangeness as we pass along : — 
So do each lord ; and either greet him not. 
Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him more 
Than if not look'd on. I will lead the way. 

Achil. What, comes the general to speak with me ? 
Ton know my mind, I'll fight no more 'gainst Troy. 

Agtmi. What says Achilles ? would he aught with na ? 

Nest. Would you, my lord, anght with the general ? 

AckU. No. 

Neat, Nothing, my lord. 

Agam. The better. [Exeunt Agamemnon and Nestor. 

AckU. Good day, good day. 

Men. How do you ? how do you ? [Exit. 



Aehil. What, does the cuckold Bcom me ? 

Ajax. How now, PatrocloB ! 

AehH. Good monow, Ajax. 

Ajax. Hat 

Achil. Good motiow. 

Ajax. Ay, and good next day too. {Exit. 

Aehil. What mean theaefellowB? Know they not Achilles? 

Patr. They pasB by Btrangely: they were aa'd to bend. 
To send their Bmiles before them to Achillea ; 
To oome as hombly as they nse'^' to creep 
To holy altarB. 

Aehil, What, am I poor of late 9 

*Ti8 certain, greatness, once fall'n out with fortnue. 
Mast fall oat with men too : what the declin'd is. 
He sbaU aa soon read in the eyes of others 
Ab feel in his own fall ; for men, like butterflies, 
Bhow not their mealy wingB hot to the summer ; 
And not a man, for being simply man. 
Hath any honoar, bat honour"^' for those hononra 
That are withont him, ss place, riches, favoar,'*" 
Prizes of accident as oft as merit : 
Which when they fall, as being slippery standers, 
The lore that lean'd on them as slippery too. 
Do one plack down another, and together 
Die in the fall. Bat 'tis not so with me : 
Fortone and I are friends : I do enjoy 
At ample point all that I did poaeess. 
Save these men's looks ; who do, methinks, find oat 
Something not worth in me Bach rich beholding 
As they hare often given. Here is Ulysses : 
I'll interrapt his reading. — 
How DOW, Ulysses I 

Ulyaa. Now, great Thetis' son ! 

Achil. What are yoa reading ? 

Ulgta. A strange fellow here 

Writes me, " That man — how dearly ever parted, 
How mach in having, or without or in — 
Cannot make boast to have that which be hath, 
Nor feels not what he owes, but by reflection ; 
As when his virtneB shining apon others 



Heat them, and the; retort that heat again 
To the firBt girer." 

AckU. This is not strange, UljsBes. 

The beanty that is home here in the face 
The bearer knowe not, bnt commends itself 
To others' eyes : nor doth the eye itself, 
That most pore spirit of sense, behold itself^ 
Not going from itself; but eye to eye oppoe'd 
Salutee each other with each other's form : 
For specnlation tarns not to itself, 
Till it hath travell'd, and is mirror'd'^ there 
Where it may see itself. This is not strange at alli 

Ulyis, I do rtot strain at the position, — 
It is &miiiar, — bnt &i the anther's drift ; 
Who, in his circumstance, expressly proves 
That DO man is the lord of any thing, 
Thongh In and of hiili there be mnch consiBtiiigf 
Till he commanicate bis parts to others; 
Not doth hft of himdelf know them for anght 
Till he behold them formed in th' applanse 
Where they're extended ; who, like an arch, rererberbtes*'*' 
The Voice again ; Or, like a gate of steel 
Fronting the snn, recelTes and renders back 
His figbre and his heat. I was mach rapt in this ; 
And apprehended here immediately 
The nnknown Ajax. 

Heavens, whst a man is there ! s very horse ) 
That has he knows not what. Nature, what things there are. 
Most abject in regard, and dear in nse ! 
What things again most dear in the esteem. 
And poor in worth ! Now shall we see to-morrow— 
An act that veiy chance doth throw upon him — 
Ajax renowD'd. heavens, what some men do, 
While some men leave to do I 
How some men creep in skittish Fortnne's hall. 
Whiles others play the idiots in her eyes I 
How one man eats into another's pride, 
While pride is fiisting in his wantonness ! 
To see these Grecian lords I — why, even already 
They olap the Inbber Ajax on the shoulder. 



As if his foot were on brsve Hector's breast;, 
And great Troy abrieking. 

Ackil. I do belieyfl it ; for they pasa'd by me 
As misers do by beggars, — neither gave to"*' me 
Qood word Uor look: what, are my deeds forgot? 

Ulysa. Time hath, my lord, a wallet at his back, 
Wherein he pnts almg for oblivion, 
A great-siz'd monster of ingratitudes :'**' 
Those scraps are good deeds past ; which are deTottf'd 
As fiut as they are made, forgot as soon 
Aa they are done i*^ pers^veraBce) dear my lord, 
Keeps honour bright ! to have done, ia to hang 
Qnite ont of fashion, like a rusty mail 
In monnmental mockei^. Take th' instant Way] 
For honour travels in a strait so narrow, 
Where one but'*" goea abreast : keep, then, the path | 
For emoladon hath a thousand sons, 
That one by one pursue t if yon give way, 
Or hedge aeide from the direct forth-right^ 
Like to an enter'd tide, they all rush by, 
And leaTe yon hindmost ;*•* 
Or, like a gallant horse &ll'n in first rank, 
Lie there for pavement to the abject rear,**" 
O'er-mn and thimpled on : then ^at they db in preEleilt) 
Though leas than yours in past, must o'ertop youra ; 
For time is like a filshionable host) 
That slightly shakes his parting guest by th' hand) 
And with his arms outstretch'd, as he would fly, 
Grasps-in the comer : welcome"""' ever emilcB, 
And farewell goes out sighing. 0, let not virtae seek 
Remuneration for the thing it was j 
For beauty, wit, 

High birth, vigonr of bone, desert iti Service, 
Love, friendship, charity, are subjects all 
To enrions and calumniating time. 
One tonoh of nature makes tbe whole world kin, — 
That all, with one consent, praise new-bom gauds. 
Though they are made and moulded of thinga past. 
And give to dnst, that is a little gilt. 
More laud than gilt o'er-dusted. 



The present eye praiseH the present object i^"^ 

Then marrel not, thou great and c6inplete man, 

That all the Greeks begin to worship Ajaz ; 

Since things in motion sooner catch the eye 

Than what not stire. The cry went once on thee. 

And still it might, and yet it may again. 

If thoa wonldst not entomb thyself ahve. 

And case thy reputation in thy tent ; 

Whose gloriooe deeds, but in these fields of late, 

Hade emolons miBsiona 'mongst the gods tbemeelyes, 

And drare great Mars to faction. 

Ackil. Of this my privacy 

I have strong reasons. 

XJlyss, Bat 'gainst yonr priTaoy 

The reasons are more potent and heroical : 
'Tis known, Achilles, that yon are in love 
With one of Priam's danghters.'"'*' 

Ackil. Ha! known! 

UlygB. Is that a wonder? 
The providence that's in a watchfdl state 
Knows almost every grain of Plntns' gold j"*" 
Finds bottom in th' nncomprehensive deeps ; 
Keeps pace with thought, and almost, like the gods, 
Does thoughts nnveil in their domb cradles."*^ 
There is a mystery — with whom'*"*' relation 
Durst never meddle — in the soul of state ; 
Which bath an operation more divine 
Than breath or pen can give ezpressnre to : 
All the commerce that yoa have had with Troy 
As perfectly is oars as yours, my lord ; 
And better woold it fit Achilles mach 
To throw down Hector than Polyiena : 
Bat it mast grieve yonng Pprhas now at home. 
When fame shall in oar islands sound her tramp. 
And all the Greekish girls shall tripping aing, 
" Great Hector's sister did Achilles win ; 
Bat onr great Ajax bravely beat down him."""" 
Farewell, my lord : I as your lover speak ; 
The fool slides o'er the ice that you should break. [Exit. 
Pair. To this effect, Achilles, have I mov'd yoa : 


mxm m.] TBOILDB AHD 0BE8SIDA. 69 

A woman impudent and manniBh grown 
Is not more loatfa'd than an effeminate man 
In time of action. I stand condemn'd for this ; 
Tlie; think my little stomach to the war. 
And yonr great love to me, restrains yon thns : 
Sweet, rotise yonraelf j"*"' and the weak wanton Cnpid 
Shall from your neck unloose his amoroas fold^ 
And, like a dew-drop from the lion's mane, 
Be shook to air. 

Aehil. ShaU Ajax fight with Hector ?a« 

Pair. Ay, and perhaps leoeive mncb honour by him. 

AchU. I see my repntation is at stake ; 
My fame is shrewdly gor'd. 

Pair. 0, then, beware ; 

Those wonnds heel ill that men do glTO themselTOs: 
OmissioD to do what is necessary 
Seals a oommission to a blank of danger ; 
And danger, like an agne, snbtly taints 
Even then when we sit idly in the son. 

Achil. Go call Thersites bitber, sweet Fatroclns : 
I'll send the fool to Ajax, and desire him 
T' invite the Trojan lords after the combat 
To see as here nnarm'd : I bave a woman's longing. 
An appetite tbat I am sick witbal, 
To see great Hector in bis weeds of peace ; 
To talk with him, and to behold his visage, 
Eren to my fall of view. — A laboor sav'd ! 

Enier Thebsites. 

Ther. A wonder ! 

Acha. What? 

Ther. Ajax goes up and down the field, asking for himself. 

AchU. How so? 

Ther. He mnst fight singly to-morrow with Hector; and 
is so prophetically prond of an faeroical cudgelling that he 
raves in saying nothing. 

Achil. How can that be ? 

Ther. Why, he stalks up and down like a peacock, — a 
stride and a stand : mminatoa like an hostess that bath no 
arithmetic bat her brain to set down her reckoning : bitos 


60 TBOILUB AND 0BEB8IDA. itm m. 

his lip with a politic regard, as who slioaM Bay " Tliere were 
wit in tliia head, an 'twould ont;" and so there ia; but it lies 
as coldly in him as fire in a flint, whioh will not show with- 
out knocking. The man's undone for ever; for if Hector 
break not his neck i'the combat, he'll break 'tbimsDlf in vain- 
glory. He knows not me : I said, " Q-ood morrow, Ajax ;" 
and he replies, " Thanks, Agamemnon." What think yon of 
this man, that takes me for the general ? He's grown a very 
land'fish, langaageless, a monster. A plagae of opinion t a 
man may Wear it on both sides, like a leather jerkin. 

AekU, Thoa mast be my ambassador to him, Thersitea. 

Tkef. Who, I ? why, hell answer nobody ) he professes 
not answering: speaking is for beggars; he wears his tongue 
in's arms. I will pat on hie presence : let Patroolns make 
demands to me, yon shall see the pageant of Ajax. 

Ackil. To him, Patroclns : tell him, — I hnmbly desire 
the valiant Ajax to invite the most valoroas Hector to come 
nnanned to my tent; and to procare safe-condnot for his 
person of the magnanimoos and most illnstriona six-or- 
seven-times-honoiired captain-general of the G-reeian army, 
Agamemnon.'""' Do this. 

Patr. Jove bless great Ajax t 

Ther. Ham I 

Patr. I come from the worthy AohilloB,— ' 

Tket. HaT 

Patr. Who most humbly desires yon to invite Hector to 
hie tent, — 

Tker. Hnm! 

Patr. And to procure safe-conddct from Agamemnon. 

Ther. Agamelnnon ! 

Pair. Ay, my lordi 

Tker. Hal 

Patr. What say yoa to 't ? 

Tker. God b' wi' you, with all my heart. 

Patr, Yoor answer, sir. 

Titer. If to-morrow be a fait day, by eleven o'clock it will 
go one way or other : howsoever, he shall pay for me ere he 
has me. 

Patr, Your answer, sir. 

Tker. Fare yon well, with all my heart. 



AekU. Why, bat he is not in thta tnne, is he ? 

Tker. No, bat he'B oat o' tnoe thoa. What masic will 
be in him when Hector has knocked out his brains, I knoT 
not ; bnt, I am snre, none, — nnlesB the fiddler Apollo get his 
Binevs to make catlings on. 

AchU. Come, thon shalt bear a letter to him straight. 

Tker, Let me bear another to his horse ; for that's the 
more capable creature. 

AckU. My mind is troabled, like a fonQtoin stirr'd ; 
And I mjaelf see not the bottom of it, 

[Exeunt AchiUes and Patroclua. 

Ther. Would the focntajn of your mind were clear again, 
that I might water an ass at it ! I had rather be a tick in a 
sheep than soph a vftUant ignorance, [Exit. 

SoENB I. Troy. A streeL 

.Enter, from one aide, JEssmb, and Servant with a torch; from fA« 
other, Fabib, Dbipeobds, Ajitbnob, Bioubdeb, ami <^her; miih 

Par. Bee, ho ! who 'b that there ? 

Z>ei. 'Tis the Lord ^neas. 

^ne. Is the prince there in person ? — 
Had I BO good occasion to he long 
As 70a, Prince Paris, nothing bat heavenly basiness 
Shonld rob my bed-mate of my company. 

Dio. That's my mind too. — Good morrow. Lord ^neas. 

Par. A Taliant Greek, ^neas, — take his hand, — 
Witness the process of your speech, wherein 
Ton told how Diomed, a whole week by days. 
Did hannt yoa in the field. 

■£ne. Health to yoa, Titliant sir. 

Daring all qnestion of the gentle tmce ; 
Bnt when I meet you arm'd, as black defiance 
As heart can think or ooarage execote. 

jb,GoO(^lc _ 

63 TROILnS AND CBE8SIDA. [^n it. 

Dio. The ons and other Diomed embncee. 
Our bloods are now in calm ; and, bo long, health ; 
Bot when contention and occasion meet, 
B; Jove, I'll play the hnnter for thy life 
With all my force, pareait, and policy. 

^ne. And thon ahalt hnnt a lion, that will fly 
With hie face backward.— In hnman gentleness,""" 
Welcome to Troy ! now, by Anchises' life, 
Welcome, indeed t By Yenns' hand I swear, 
No man alive can loTe in sncb a Bort 
The thing he means to kill more excellently. 

Dio. We sympathize : — Jove, let Mneas live. 
If to my sword his hte be not the glory, 
A thoasand c6mplete coorses of the san J 
But, in mine emnlons honoar, let him die. 
With cTery joint a woond, and that to-morrow ! 

^ne. We know each other well. 

Dio. We do; and long to know each other worse. 

Par. This is the most despiteful gentle greeting. 
The noblest hatefol love,'"" that e'er I heard of. — 
What basinesB, lord, so early ? 

^ne. I was sent for to the king ; but why, I know not. 

Par. His purpose meets yon : 'twas to bring this Qreek 
To Calchas' house ; and there to render him. 
For the enfreed Antenor, the fair Cresaid ; 
Let's have your company : or, if yon please. 
Haste there before ns : I constantly do think — 
Or, rather, call my thou^t a certain knowledge — 
My brother Troilns lodges there to-night : 
Bouse him, and give him note of our approach. 
With the whole qnality wherefore : I fear 
We shall be mach unwelcome. 

^ne. That I assnre yon : 

Troilus had rather Troy were borne to Greece 
Than Cressid borne &om Troy. 

Par. There is no help ; 

The bitter disposition of the time 
Will have it so. On, lord ; we'll follow you. 

Mne. Good morrow, all. [Exit with Servant. 

Pot. And tell me, noble Diomed,- — fiuth, tell me true. 



EveD in the aonl of soond good-fellowBhip, — , 
Who, in fonr thoughts, merits &ir Helen beet. 
Myself or Menelans ? 

Dio. Both alike : 

He merits well to hare her, that doth seek her. 
Not making any scmple of her soilnre. 
With BOoh a hell of pain and world of charge ; 
And yoa as well to keep her, that defend her, 
Not palating the taste of her dishonottr. 
With such a costly loss of we^th and Mends : 
He, like a ptiling cuckold, woold drink up 
The leefl and dregs of a flat tamM piece ; 
Ton, like a lecher, oat of whorish loins 
Are pleaa'd to breed out yonr inheritors : 
Both merits poia'd, each weighs nor less nor more; 
Bat he as he, each heavier for a whore. '^*'' 

Par. Yon are too bitter to yonr coantrywomsn. 

I>u>. She's bitter to her country: hear me, Paris : — 
For every false drop in her bawdy veins 
A Grecian's life hath sank ; for every scrapie 
Of her contaminated carrion weight 
A Trojan hath been slain ; since she coald speak, 
She hath not given so many good words breath 
As for her Greeks and Trojans svffer'd death. 

Par. Fair Diomed, yon do as chapmen do. 
Dispraise the thing thai yoa desire to buy : 
Bat we in silence hold this virtne well, — 
We'll but commend what we inteiid to sell.°^ 
Here lies oar way. [Exeunt. 

SoBNx n. 7%e same. Court of Pamdabtib' houae. 
Enier Troil0s and Crbsbida. 
Tro. Dear, troable not yourself; the mom is cold. 
Crea. Then, sweet my lord, I'll call mine ancle down ; 
He shall unbolt the gates. 

Tro. Tronble him not ; 

To bed, to bed : sleep kill"'^ those pretty eyes. 
And give as soft attachment to thy senses 



Ab ia&ntB' empty nf all. ihonght ! 

Cres. Good monow, then. 

Tto, I prithee now, to bed, 

Cre: Are yon a-weary of me ? 

Tro. Cressida ! but that the basy day, 
Wak'd by the lark, hath roui'd the ribald crows. 
And dreamiog night will hide oor joye no longer, 
I vonld not from thee. 

Cret, Kight hath been too brief. 

Tro. Beelu'ew the witch I with venomonB wights she Btays 
Ah tedionaly aa hell -^^ but flies the grasps of love 
With wings more momentary-swift than tbooght, 
Yon will catch cold, ^d cnrse me. 

Cre$. Prithee, t^rry ( — 

Yoa men will nsTor tany.— 
foolish Gressid !^I might have still held off. 
And then yon would hsrs tarried. — Hark ! there's one ap. 

Pan. [witkin\ What, 's all the dftots open here ? 

Tro. It is yonr uncle. 

Cret. A pestilence on Mm ! now wil) he be n^ooHng : 
Z shall bare snch a life ! 

Enter pAKDiRDS. 

Pan. How now, bow now t how go maidenheads ? — Here, 
yon maid ! where's my consin Cressid ? 

Crea. Go hang yourself, yon naogh^ mjOcMng nacle ! 
Yon bring me to do — and then yon float me too. 

Pan. To do what? to do what ? — let her say what : — ^what 
have I bronght yon to do ? 

Crea. Come, come, b^shrew yonr heart I you'll ne'er be 
Nor snffer others. 

Pan. Ha, ha! Alas, poor wretch! ah, poor capocchio I^*** 
hast not slept to-night? wonld he not — a nanghty man — let 
it Bleep ? a bugbear take him ! 

Cres. Did not I tell yon ? — wonld he were knock'd i' th' 
head ! — '"" [Knocldng toithin. 

Who's that at door ? good ancle, go and see. — 
My lord, come yon again into my chamber : 
Yoa smile and mock me, as if I meant nanghtily. 



Tro. H&, ha ! 

Cre». Come, you're deoeiT'd, I think of no snch thing. — 
[Knocking within. 
How e&rnestly they knock ! — Pray yon, oome in : 
I wonld not for hidf Troy have yon seen here. 

\Exeunt Troilva and Crestida. 

Pan. [going to the door] Who's there? what's the matter? 

will yon beat down the door? How now! what's the matter? 

Enter MsEAa. 

Mne. Good morrow, lord, good morrow. 

Pan. "Who's there? myLord^neas! By my troth, 
I knew yon not : what news with yon so early ? 

JBne, Is not Prince TroUoB here ? 

Pan. Here t what shonld he do here ? 

^ne. Come, he is here, my lord ; do not deny him : 
It doth import him mnch to apeak with me. 

Pan. Is he here, say you ? 'tis more than I know, I'll be 
sworn : — for my own part, I came in late. What should he 
do here ? 

Mne. Who l^"— nay, then :— oome, come, yoa'll do him 
wrong ere you're ware : you'll be bo true to him to be false 
to him : do not yon know of him, but yet go fetch him hither ; 

A» PaHdahos is going out, re-enter Tboilds. 

Tto. How now I what's the matter ? 

Mne. My lord, I scarce have leisure to salute you, 
My matter is so rash ; there is at hand 
Puis your brother, and Deiphobns, 
The Clrecion Diomed, and our Antenor 
Deliver'd to us; and for him forthwith, 
Ere the first sacrifice, within this hour. 
We must give up to Diomedes' hand 
The Lady Cressida. 

Tro. Is it 80 concluded ? 

Mne. By Priam and the general state of Troy: 
They are at hand, and ready to effect it. 

Tro. How my achievements mock me I — 
I win go meet tfa«m : and, my Lord £neas, 

Toi. Vfc r 


M TBOILOB AND CBEesmA. [loi it. 

We met by chance ; yon did not find me here. 

Mne. Good, good, my lord ; the secrete of natnre 
Hare not more gift in tacitaraity.'^'*' 

[Exeimt Troilus and jEnea$, 

Pan. Is't poBsibls ? no sooner got hot lost ? The devil 
take Antenor I the yonog prince will go mad : a plague npon 
Antenor ! I would they bad broke's neck I 

Enter Cbbsbida. 

Crea. How now 1 what's the matter ? who waa here? 

Pan. Ah, ah ! 

Cr«. Why aigh yon so profoundly? where'a my lord? 
gone ! Tell me, sweet nncle, what's the matter ? 

Pan, Wonld I were as deep ander the earth as I am above I 

Cret. the gods! — what's the matter? 

Pan. Prithee, get thee in : would thoa hadst ne'er been 
bom ! I knew thon wonldst be his death : — O, poor gentle- 
man ! — A plague npon Antenor I 

Crea, Good uncle, I beseech you, on my knees I beseech 
you, what's the matter ? 

Pan. Thou must be gone, wench, thon mast be gone ; 
thoQ art changed for Antenor : thon mast to thy father, and 
be gone from Troilus : 'twUl be his death ; 'twill be hifl bane ; 
he cannot bear it. 

Creg, you immortal gods ! — ^I will not go. 

Pan. Thou must. 

Ores. I will not, uncle : Tve forgot my father; 
X know no touch of consanguinity ; 
No kin, no love, no blood, no soul so near me 
As the sweet Troilus. — you gods diyine. 
Make Creseid's name the very crown of falsehood. 
If ever she leave Troilus I Time, foree, and death, 
Do to this body what extremes you can ; 
But the strong base and building of my love 
Is as the very centre of the earth. 
Drawing all things to't. — ^I'U go in and weep, — 

Pan. Do, do. 

Ores. Tear my bright hair, and scratch my praisM cheeks ; 
Crack my clear voice with sobs, and break my heart 
With sounding " Troilus." I will not go from Troy. lExeunt. 



SoBHB m. The taine. Street before Pahdabub' house. 
Enter Fabis, Tboilub, ^nbas, Dbiphobub, Autenor, avid 


Par. It is great morning ; and the hour prefix'd 
Of ber delivery to this valiant Oreek 
Comes fast upon : — good my brother Troilua,"*"' 
Tell yon the lady what she is to do, 
And haste her to the purpose. 

Trtj. Walk into her house ; 

I'll bring her to the Grecian presently : 
And to his hand when I deUver her. 
Think it an altar, and thy brother Troilns 
A priest, there offering to it his own heart. [Exit. 

Par. I know what 'tie to love ; 
And wonld, as I shall pity, I ooold help I — 
Please yon walk in, my lords. [Exeunt. 

SoEMB IV. The tame, A room, in Pamdasus' house. 
Enter Pandabus atnd CsiBBmA. 

Pan. Be moderate, be moderate. 

Cret. Why tell yoa me of moderation ? 
The grief is fine, foil, perfect, that I taste, 
And violenteth in a sense as strong 
Aa that which canseth it : how can I moderate it? 
If I could temporize with my affection. 
Or brew it to a weak and colder palate. 
The like allayment could I give my grief : 
My love admits no qnaliiying dross ; 
No more my grief, in such a precious loss. 

Pan. Here, here, here he oomes. 

EiUer Tboilds. 
Ah, sweet ducks I"*" 

Cret. TroiluB I Troilna ! [Embracing kim. 



jPon. Wliat a pair of spectacles is here ! Let me embrace 
too. " heart," as the goodly saying is, 

" heart, 0»**" heavy heart, 

Why B^h'at thoD trithoot breaking 7" 
where he answers again, 

" Because thoo canst not ease thy smart 
By friendship nor by Bpeaking."'"** 
There was never a tnier rhyme. Let us cast away nothing, 
for we may live to have need of snch a verse : we see it, we 
see it. — How now, lambs ! 

Tro. Cressid, I love thee in so strain'd a purity. 
That the blesa'd gods, as angry with my fancy. 
More bright in zeal than the devotion which 
Gold lips blow to their deities, take thee from me. 

Crei. Have the gods envy ? 

Pan. Ay, ay, ay, ay ; 'tis too plain a case. 

Cret. And is it true that I must go from Troy ? 

Tro. A hateful truth. 

Crea. What, and from Troilus too ? 

Tro. From Troy and Troilus. 

Cret. Is it possible? 

Tro. And suddenly; where injury of chance 
Puts back leave-taking, jostles roughly by 
All time of pause, rudely beguiles our lips 
Of all rejoindure, forcibly prevents 
Our lock'd embrasures, strangles our dear vows 
Sven in the birth of our own labouring breath : 
We two, that with so many thousand sighs 
Did buy each other, must poorly sell oorselvea 
With the rude brerity and discharge of one. 
Injtuious time now, with a robber's haste. 
Grams his rich thievery up, he knows not how : 
As many farewells as be stars in heaven, 
With distinct breath and consign'd kisses to them. 
He fumbles up into a loose adieu ; 
And scants us with a single famish'd kiss, 
Distasted with the salt of broken tears. 

jEne. [witkin] My lord, is the lady ready ? 

Tro. Hsrkl you are call'd : some say the Genius so 



Cries " Come !" to him that inBtantly must die. — 
Bid them have patience ; she ehall come anon. 

Pan. Where are my tears ? rain, to lay this wind, or my 
heart will be blown np by the root. [^Exit. 

Cret. I mnst, then, to tiie Grecians ?°*" 

Tro. No remedy. 

Crea. A wofiil CresBid 'mongst the merry Greeks ! 
When shall we see again 9°*" 

Tro. Hear me, my love : be tbou bat true of heart, — 

Cree. I trae ! bow now ! what wicked deem is this ? 

Tro. Nay, we mnet ase expostnlation kindly. 
For it is parting &om as : 
I speak not "be then tine," as fearing thee; 
For I will throw my glove to Death himself, 
That there's no macnlation in thy heart : 
Bat "be thou tme," say I, to fashion ia 
My sequent protestation ; be tbou true. 
And I will see thee. 

Crta. 0, yon shall be ezpos'd, my lord, to dangers 
As infinite as imminent 1 bat I'll be true. 

Tro. And I'll grow friend with danger. Wear this sleeve. 

Cret. A^d yoa this glove. When shall I see yon ? 

Tro. I will cormpt the Grecian sentinels, 
To give thee nightly visitation. 
But yet, be true. 

Crea. heavens ! — " be true" again I 

Tro. Hear why I speak it, love : 
The Grecian youths are fall of qaality ; 
They're loving, well compos'd with gifts of natnre. 
And swelling o'er with arts and exercise :^'*' 
How novelty may move, and parts with person, 
Alas, a kind of godly jealoaay — 
Which, I beseech you, call a virtaoos sin — 
Makes me afeard. 

Cret. heavens ! yoa love me not. 

Tro. Die I a villain, then I 
Ib Uiis I do not call your faith in question 
So maioly as my merit : I cannot sing, 
Nor heel the high lavolt, nor sweeten talk, 
Kor play at subtle games ; fair virtues all. 



To irhich the GreoiaiiB are moBt prompt and pregnant : 
Bat I can tell, that in each grace of these 
There larks a still and damb-discoDrsire devil 
That tempts most conningly : bnt be not tempted. 

Cres. Do yon think I will ? 

Tro. No. 
Bnt something may be done that we irill not : 
And Bometimes we are devils to oarselves, 
When we will tempt the frailty of onr powers, 
Presamiog on theb ohangefal potency.''^' 

jEne. [within] Nay, good my lord, — 

Tro. Come, kiss ; and let as part. 

Par. {loitkin] Brother TroUuB ! 

Tro. Good brother, come yoa hither ; 

And bring iBoeas and the Greciaa with yoa. 

Cres. My lord, will yon be true ? 

Tro. Who, I ? alas, it is my vice, my faalt : 
Whiles others fish with craft for great opinion, 
I with great tmth oatch mere simplicity ; 
Whilst some with canning gild their copper crowns. 
With troth and plainness I do wear mine bare. 
Fear not my tmth : the moral of my wit 
Is "plain and true;" there's aU the reach of it. 

Enter ^vkab, Paris, Antbhob, Bbiphobits, and Diokedes. 
Welcome, Sir Diomed ! here is the lady 
Which for Antenor we deliver yoa : 
At the port, lord, I'll give her to thy hand ; 
And by the way possess thee what she is. 
Entreat her fair ; and, by my sonl, fair Greek,''*'' 
If e'er thoa stand at mercy of my sword. 
Name Cressid, and thy life shall be as safe 
As Priam's*"** is in Hiob. 

JDio. Fair Lady Cressid, 

So please you, save the thanks this prince expects : 
The lustre in your eye, heaven in your cheek. 
Pleads your &ir usage ; and to Diomed 
Yoa shall be miatreee, and command him wholly. 

Tro. Grecian, thou dost not ase me courteously. 
To shame the zeal''*''' of my petition to thee 



Li pnusiiig her : I tell thee, lord of Oreeoe, 
She iB as f at high-soaring o'er th; praises 
As thoQ unworthy to be call'd her servant. 
I charge thee nse her. well, even for m; charge ; 
For, by the dreadM Pinto, if thoa dost not, 
Thoogh the great bnlk Achilles be thy gnard, 
ril ont thy throat. 

Dio. 0, be not moT'd, Prince Troilns : 

Let me be privileg'd by my place and message 
To be a speaker free ; when I am hence, 
I'll answer to my Inst :"*'' and know yon, lord, 
m nothing do on charge : to her own worth 
She shall be pris'd ; bat that yon say, " Be't so," 
ril°'" speak it in my spirit and hononr, "No." 

Tro. Come, to the port.— Ill tell thee, Diomed, 
This brave shall oft make thee to hide thy head. — 
Lady, give me yonr hand ; and, as we walk. 
To onr own selves bend we onr needftil talk. 

[^Exeunt TroUus, Cretnda, and ZHomtda. 
\Trampei within. 

Par. Hark 1 Hector's tmmpet. 

Mne. How have we spent this morning 1 

The prince most think me tardy and remiss, 
That swore to ride before him to the field. 

Par. 'Tis Troilns' faalt : come, come, to field with him. 

Dm."** Let va make ready straight. 

^ne. Yea, with a bridegroom's fresh alacrity, 
Let OS address to tend on Hector's heels : 
The glory of oar Troy doth this day lie 
On his &ir worth and single chivalry. [Exetmt, 

SosNB Y. The Oreaan camp. lAsta set <ntt. 

J&ifar Ajax, armed; Aoaheuivoit, Aobillbb, FATROOLna, Ubns- 

LACS, Ultsbeb, Nestor, and <ahert. 

Agam. Here art thoa in appointment fresh and fiur, 

Anticipating time with starting courage. 

Give with thy tmmpet a lend note to Troy,*"*' 



Thou dreadfol Ajax ; that th' appallM air 
May pierce the head of the great combatant. 
And hale him hither. 

Ajax, Thoa, trumpet, there's my pnrse. 

Now crock thy lungs, and split thy brazen pipe : 
Blow, villain, till thy sphered bias cheek 
Outswell the colic of puff 'd Aqnilon : 
Come, stretch thy chest, and let thy eyes apont blood ; 
Thon blow'st for Hector. [Trumpet lounds. 

Ulyii. No trumpet answers. 

AchH. 'Tis bat early days. 

Agam. Is not yond Diomed, with Calchas' daughter ? 

XJlyBt. 'Tis he, I ken the manner of bis gait ; 
He rises on the toe : that spirit of hU 
In aspiration lifts him from the earth; 

Enter Diouedes mth Cressida. 
Agam. Is this the Lady Gressid P 
Dio. Even she. 

Agam. Most dearly welcome to the Greeks, sweet lady. 

[KitMea her. 
Nett. Onr general doth salute yon with a kiss. 
Ulyss. Yet is the kindness bat particular ; 
'Twere better she were kiss'd in general. 

Nat. And very courtly counsel : I'll begin. — 

[Kwes her. 
So much for Nestor. 

Achil. I'll take that winter from yonr lips, foir lady: 

[^Kitaea her. 
Achilles bids yon welcome. 

Men. I had good argument for kissing once. 
Pair. But that's no argument for kissiug now ; 
For thus popp'd Paris in his hardiment, 
And parted thas yon and your argument. [Kitaea her. 

Ulyaa. deadly gall, and theme of all our scorns ! 
For which we lose our heads to gild his horns. 

Pair. The first was Menelaus' kiss; — this, mine: 

[Kiaaea her again. 
Patroclus kisses yon. 

Men. 0, Uiis is trim t 



Pair. Paris and I kiss arennord for him. 

Men. I'll have my kis8, nt. — IJady, by your lesTe. 

Cres. In kiasing, do yon render or receire ? 

JIfen.o"' Both take and gife. 

Cres. I'll make my match to Uyo, 

The kiBS yoa take is betted than yon give ; 
Therefore no kiSB. 

Men. I'll give yon boot, I'll give yon three for one, 

Crea. Yoa're an odd man ; giro even, or give none. 

Men. An odd man, lady ! erery man is odd. 

Cres. No, Paria is not ; for yoa know 'tis trae 
That yon are odd, and he la eren with yon. 

Men. Yon fillip me o' the head. 

Cres, No, I'll be Bwom> 

Ulysg. It were no match, yonr nail againet hie horn. — ■ 
May I, sweet lady, beg a kisa of yon ? 

Cres. Ton may. 

Uljfgst I do desire 't. 

Cres. Why, beg tken, do.^»" 

Ulyti. Why, then, for Ve&ns' sake, give me a kiaa, 
When Helen is a maid again, and his. 

Cres. I am yoor debtor, claim it when 'tis dne. 

Ulyss. Never's my day, and then a kias of yon. 

Dio. Lady, a word : — I'll bring yon to yoor &ther. 

[Exit vfith Crestida, 

Nest. A woman of qniok aense. 

Ulyst. Fie, fle npon her I 

There's langoage Ln her eye, her cheek, her lip. 
Nay, her foot speaks ; her wanton spirits look ont 
At every joint and motive of her body. 
0, these enconnterers, so glib of tongue. 
That give accoating^"' welcome ere it oomea. 
And wide nnclasp the tables of their thoughts 
To every ticklish reader ! aet them down 
For alattish spoils of opportunity 
And daoghtera of the game. [Trumpet within. 

All. .The Trojana' trumpet. 

Agam. Yonder comes the troop. 



Enter HlOTOB, armed ; ^Smab, TBoti.i:8, and other Tiojaiui, 
with Attend&Qts. 

.£ne. Hail, all joti state^^ of Oroeoe ! what shall be 
To him that Tiotory oommondB T"*** or do yon parpoae 
A victor shall be known ? will yon, the knights 
Shall to the edge of all extremity 
Pnrsue each other ; or shall be divided 
By any Tolee or order of the field ? 
Hector bade aek. 

Agam. Which way wonld Hector have it ? 

j^ne. He cares not ; he'll obey conditions. 

AchU.^^ 'Tis done like Hector; hot seoorely done, 
A little proudly, and gteat deal misprieing 
The knight oppos'd. 

.Mne. If not Achillea, sir. 

What is your name ? 

Achil. If not Achilles, nothing. 

jEne. Therefore Aohilles : bat whste'er, know this : — 
In the extremity of great and little, 
Talonr and pride excel themselTeB in Hector ; 
The one almost as infinite as all. 
The other blank as nothing. Weigh him well. 
And that which looks like pride is conrtesy. 
This Ajax is half made of Hector's blood : 
In loTe whereof half Hector stays at home ; 
Half heart, half hand, half Hector comes to seek 
This blended knight, half Trojan and half Greek. 

AchU. A maiden battle, then? — 0, 1 perceive yoo. . 

Rt-enter Diouedbs. 
Agam. Here is Sir Diomed. — Go, gentle knight. 
Stand by oar Ajax : as yon and Lord JGneas 
Consent apon the order of their fight. 
So he it ; either to the nttermoet. 
Or else a breath ; the combatants being kin 
Half stints their strife before their strokes begin. 

\Ajax and Hector enter the lists. 
Ulygg. They are oppos'd already. 


■cnn v.] TBOILDB AND 

Agam. What Trojan is that same that looks bo heavy ? 

Ulya. The yottngesi son of Friam, a true knight ; 
Not yet matare, yet matchlesB : firm of word ; 
Speaking in deeds, and deedleas in hia tongae ; 
Not Boon prOTok'd, nor being proTok'd Boon oalm'd : 
Hia heart and hand both open and both &ee ; 
For what he has he gires, what thinks he shows ; 
Yet gives he not till jadgment guide his bonnty. 
Nor dignifies an Impnre thought with breath :"*'' 
Manly as Hector, but more d&ngerona ; 
For Hector, in his blase of wrath, subscribes 
To tender objects ;^*^ bat he, in heat of action, 
Is more Tindicative than jealous love : 
They call him Troilns ; and on him erect 
A second hope, oa fairly built as Hector. 
Thus says ^neas ; one that knows the youth 
Even to his inches, and with private soul 
Did in great Ilion thus translate him to me. 

{Alarum. Hector and Ajax fight. 

Agam. They are in action. 

Nest. Now, Ajax, hold thine own ! 

Tro. Hector, then sleep'st ; 

Awake thee I 

Agam. His blows are well dispoa'd : — there, Ajax t 

Dio. YoQ mast no more. \Trampett ceau. 

jEju. Princes, enough, so please yoa. 

Ajax. I am not warm yet; let ue fight again. 

Dio. As Hector pleases. 

Hect. Why, then will I no more : — 

Thou art, great lord, my father's sister's son, 
A consin-german to great Priam's seed ; 
The obligation of oar blood forbids 
A gory emalation 'twixt us twain : 
Were thy oommiztion Greek and Trojan so 
That thon coaldst say, " This hand is Grecian all. 
And this is Trojan ; the sinews of this leg 
All Greek, and this all Troy ; my mother's blood 
Buns on the dexter cheek, and this sinister 
Bounds-in my father's;" by Jove mnltipotent, 
Thon ehoaldst not bear from me a Greekish member 



Wherein 1117 sword had not impKBsaid made 
Of oni rank fend : bnt the jnat gods gainsay 
That any drop thon borrow'dst from thy mother, 
My sacred aont, shonld by my mortal sword 
Be drained ! Let"*" me embrace thee, Ajai : 
By him that thunders, thoa hast lasty arms ; 
Hector wonld hare them fall npou him thus i 
Consin, all bonoar to thee ! 

Ajax. 1 thank thee, Hector: 

Thou art too gentle and too free a man i 
I came to kill thee, oonsin, and bear hence 
A great addition eam^ in thy death. 

Hect. Not Neoptolemns"'*' so mirable— 
On whose bright crest Fame with her lond'st oyes 
Cries " This is he"— -^wnld promise to himself 
A thonght of added honour torn from Heotor. 

.^tne. There is eiq>ectance here from both the sides. 
What farther yoa will do. 

HecU, We'll answer it ; 

The iesae is embraoement : — Ajax, farewell. 

Ajax. If Z might in entreaties find saccess — 
As seld I ha?e the chance — I wonld desire 
My famons consin to onr Grecian tents. 

Dio. 'Tis Agamemnon's wish ; and great Achilles 
Doth long to see tmann'd the valiant Hector. 

Hect. iGneas, call my brother Troilna to me : 
And signify this loving interview 
To the expecters of onr Trojan part ; 
Desire them home. — Give me thy hand, my consin ; 
I will go est with thee, and see yonr knights. 

Ajax. Great Agamemnon comes to meet ns here. 

Hect. The worthiest of them tell me same by name; 
Bnt for Achilles, mine own searching eyes 
Shall find him by his latge and portly size. 

Agam. Worthy of arms! as welcome as to one 
That wonld be rid of such an enemy ; 
Bnt that's no welcome : understand more clear, 
What's past and what's to come is strew'd with hasks 
And formless rain of oblivion ; 
Bnt in this extant moment, faith and troth. 



Strain'd pnrel; from all hollow bias-drawing, 

Bids thee, wiUi most dirine iotegrity, 

From heart of very heart, great Hector, welcome. 

Heet. I thank thee, most imperioaB Agamemnon. 

Agam. [to TtoUui] My well-fam'd lord of Troy, no leBB 
to you. 

Men. Let me oonfirm my prinoely brother's greeting ; — 
Yon brace of warlike brothers, welcome hither. 

Hect. Who mast we answer ? ' 

.^hte. The noble M^ielaas. 

Hect. 0, yon, my lord ? by Mars his ganntlet, thanks ! 
Mock not, that I affect th' antraded oath ; 
Yonr qttondam wife swears still by Yenns' glove : 
She's well, bat bade me not commend her to yon. 

Men. Name her not now, sir; she's a deadly theme. 

Heet. 0, pardon ; I offend. 

Nest. I have, tfaon gallant Trojan, seen thee oft, 
Laboaring for destiny, make cmel way 
Throogh ranks of Greekish yonth ; and I have seen thee, 
As hot as Perseas, spar thy Phrygian steed. 
Despising many forfeits and sabdaements, 
When thon hast hnng thy advancM sword i' th' air. 
Not letting it decline on the dechn'd ; 
That I hare said to some my standers-by, 
" Lo, Jnpiter is yonder, dealing life !" 
And I have seen thee pause and take thy breath. 
When that a ring of Greeks have hemm'd thee in, 
lake an Olympian wrestling : this have I seen ; 
Bat this thy countenance, still loek'd in steel, 
I never saw till now. I knew thy grandsire. 
And once fonght with him : he was a soldier good ; 
Bat, by great Mara, the captain of as all. 
Never like thee. Let an old man embrace thee ; 
And, worthy warrior, welcome to onr tents. 

^ne. 'Tis the old Nestor. 

Hect. Let me embrace thee, good old chronicle. 
That hast so long walk'd hand in hand with time : — 
Most reverend Nestor, I am glad to clasp thee. 

Neet. I would my arms could match thee in contention, 
Ai they contend with thee in courtesy. 



Hect. I wonld ihey oould. 

Nest. Ha! 
B; this white beard, I'd fight with thee to-morrow : — 
Well, welcome, welcome ! — I have seen the time — 

Uiyaa, I wonder now how yonder eit; stands 
When we have here her base and pillar by ub. 

Heet. I know yonr favonr. Lord Ulysses, well. 
Ah, sir, Uiere's many a Oteek and Trojan dead, 
Since first I saw yourself and Diomed 
In nion, on year Greeldsh embassy. 

Ulysa. Sir, I foretold yon then what would enene : 
My prophecy is bnt half his jonmey yet; 
For yonder walls, that pertly &ont your town, 
YoQd towers, whose wanton tops do bass the clouds, 
Mnat klBS their own feet. 

Hect. I mnat not believe yon : 

There they etand yet ; and modestly I think. 
The &11 of erery Phrygian stone will cost 
A drop of Grecian blood : the end crowns all ; 
And that old common arbitrator, Time, 
Will one day end it. 

Ulygt. So to him we leave it. 

Most gentle and most valiant Hector, welcome : 
After the general, I beseech yon next 
To feast with me, and see me at my tent. 

Ackil. I shall forestall thee. Lord Ulysses, thon !— ''^ 
Now, Hector, I have fed mine eyes on thee ; 
I have with exact view pems'd thee. Hector, 
And qnoted joint by joint. 

Hect. Is this Achilles ? 

Achil, I am Achilles. 

Heet. Stand fair, I pray thee : let me look on thee. 

Ackil. Behold thy fill. 

Hect. Nay, I have done already. 

AchU. Thon art too brief: I will the second time. 
As I wonld bay thee, view thee Umb by limb. 

Hect. 0, like a book of sport thoa'It read me o'er; 
Bnt there's more in me than then underatand'st. 
Why doBt thon so oppress me with thine eye ? 

Ackil. Tell me, yoa heavens, in which part of his body 



Shall I destroy him ? whether there, or there, or there 5^*" 
That I nu; give the local woaiid a name. 
And make distinot the very breach whereoat 
Hector's great spirit flew : answer me, heavens ! 

Hect. It woold discredit the hlesa'd gods, proud man. 
To answer each a qaestion : stand again : 
Think'st thoa to catch my life bo pleasanUr 
As to prenominate in nice conjecture 
"Where thoo wilt hit me dead ? 

AekU. I tell thee, yea. 

Hect. Wert thon an oraole to tell me so, 
I'd not believe thee. Henceforth gnard thee well ; 
For I'll not kill thee there, nor there, nor there ; 
Bat, by th« forge that stithied Mars his helm, 
rU kill thee every where, yea, o'er and o'er. — 
Yon wisest Grecians, pardon me this brag. 
His insolence draws folly from my lips ; 
Bat I'll endeavour deeds to match these words. 
Or may I never — 

Ajax. Do not chafe thee, coasin :— 

And yoa, Achilles, let these threats alone, 
Till accident or purpose bring yon to't : 
Too may have every day enongh of Hector, 
If yoD have stomach; the general state, I fear. 
Can scarce entreat yoa to be odd with him. 

Heet. I pray yoo, let as see yon in the field : 
We have had pelting wars, since yon refos'd 
The Grecians' canse. 

AchU. Dost thon entreat me. Hector 7 

To-morrow do I meet thee, fell as death ; 
To-night all friends. 

Heet. Thy hand apon that match. 

Agam. First, all yon peers of Greece, go to my tent; 
There in the fall convive we : afterwards. 
As Hector's leisare and yonr bonnties shall 
Conoor together, severally entreat him. — 
Beat lond the tabonrines, let the trampets blow, 
That this great soldier may his welcome know. 

[Exeunt aU except Troilu* and Vlyttea. 

Tro. My Lord Ulysses, tell me, I beseech yon. 


ao TB0ILU8 AND OBE88IDA. {iot t. 

Is what place of the field doth Galohaa keep ? 

Ulyss. At Menelans' tent, moat princely TroilaB : 
There Diomed doth feast with him to-night ; 
Who neither looks npon the heaven nor earth, 
Bnt gives all gaze and bent of amorons view 
On the fair Cressid. 

Tro. Shall I, sweet lord, be bonnd to yon ao mnch. 
After we part from Agamemnon's tent, 
To bring me thither? 

XJlyu. Yon shall command me, sir. 

As gentle tell me, of what honour was 
This Cresaida in Troy ? Had she no loyer there 
That wails her absence ? 

Tro. O sir, to such as boasting show their Bears 
A mock is dne. Will yon wallc on, my lord ? 
She was belov'd, she lov'd ; she is, and doth : 
But still sweet love is food for fortnne's tooth. [Exeunt. 

ScBMB I. The Orecian camp. B^ore Aohillbb' tent. 
Enter AomLLsa and Paiboclub. 

AehU,. Ill heat Ms blood with Oreekisb wine to-night. 
Which with my scimitar I'll cool to-morrow. — 
Patroclns, let ns feast him to the height. 

Pair. Here comes Thersites. 

Knter Thsbsitbb. 

AchU. How now, thou core of envy I 

Thoa crasty batch of satnre, what's the news ? 

Ther. Why, thon picture of what thon seemeat, and idol 
of idiot-worshippers, here's a letter for thee. \Qives letter. 

Ackil. From whence, fragment ? 

Ther. Why, thon fall dish of fool, from Troy. 



Patr. Who keeps the tent now ? 

Ther. The surgeon's box, or the patient's wound. 

Patr. Well said, adYersity !""' and what need these 

Ther. Prithee, be silent, boy; I profit not by thy talk: 
thoo art thought to be Achilles' male varlet."*** 

Patr. Male Tarlet, you rogue ! what's that ? 

TJkt. Why, his masculine whore. Now, the rotten dis- 
eases of ihe south, the guts-griping, ruptures, catarrhs, loads 
o' grayel i' the hack, lethargies, cold palsies, raw eyes, dirt- 
rotten livers, wheezing lungs, bladders full of impostbatne, 
sciaticas, limekilns i' the palm, incurable bone-ache, and the 
rivelled fee-simple of the tetter, take and take again such 
preposterous discoveries !"^' 

Patr. Why, thou damnable box of enyy, thou, what mean- 
est thou to carse thus ? 

Ther. Do I curse thee ? 

Patr. Why, no, you ruinous butt ; you whoreson indis- 
tinguishable cur, no. 

Ther. No! why art thou, then, exasperate, thou idle im- 
material skein of sleave-silk, thoa green sarcenet flap for a 
sore eye, thoa tassel of a prodigal's purse, thou ? Ah, how 
the poor world is pestered with such waterflies, — diminatiTes 
of nature ! 

Patr. Out, gall ! 

Ther. Finch-egg! 

AchU. My sweet Fatroclus, I am thwarted quite 
From my great purpose in to-morrow'e battle. 
Here is a letter from Queen Hecuba ; 
A token from her daughter, my fair love ; 
Both taxing me and gaging me to keep 
An oath that I have sworn. I will not break it : 
Fall Greeks ; fail &me ; hononr or go or stay ; 
My major tow lies here, this I'll obey. — 
Come, come, Thersites, help to trim my tent; 
This night in banqueting mast all be spent. — 
Away, Fatroclus ! ^Exeunt Achilles and PatrocluB. 

Ther. With too much blood and too little brain, these 
two may run mad ; but, if with too much brain and too little 
blood they do, I'll be a curer of madmen. Here's Agamem- 

voib n. a 



non, — an honest fellow enough, and one that Ioybs quails ; 
hat he has not bo much biain aa ear-wax : and the goodly 
transfonnatioD of Jupiter there, his brother, the bull, — the 
primitive statae, and obliqne'"''' memorial of cuckolds ; a 
thrift; shoeing •horn in a chain, banging at his brother's 
leg, — to what form, but that he is, sbonld wit larded with 
malice, and malice forced with wit, turn him to ? To an 
ass, were nothing ; he is both ass and oz : to an ox, were 
nothing; he is both ox and asa. To be a dog, a mole, a 
cat, a fitchew, a toad, a lizard, aa owl, a pnttock, or a her- 
ring without a roe, I would not care ; but to be Menelaus ! 
— I would conspire against destiny. Ask me not what I 
would be, if I were not Thersitea ; for I care not to be the 
louse of a lazar, so I were not Menelaus. — Hoy-day ! spirits 
and fires ] 

I^er Hbctor, Troilub, Ajai, Aoahbknon, Ultssbs, Nebtob, 
Menelaus, and Diohedeb, with lights. 
Agam. We go wrong, we go wrong. 
Ajax. No, yonder 'tis ; 

There, where we see the lights. 

Hect. I trouble you. 

Ajax. No, not a whit. 

XHyat, Here comes himself to guide you. 

He-enter Acbilleb. 

Achil. Welcome, brave Hector; welcome, princes all. 

Agam. So now, fair Prince of Troy, I bid good night. 
Ajax commands the guard to tend on you. 

Hect. Thanks and good night to the Greeks' general. 

Men. Good night, my lord. 

Hect. Good night, sweet Lord Menelaos. 

Tftcr. Sweet draught : flweet, quoUi 'a ! aweet sink,"*" sweet 

AchU. Good night and welcome, both at once, to those 
That go or tarry. 

Affavt. Goodnight. lExeimt Agamemnon and Menelaus. 

Ackil. Old Nestor tarries; and yon too, Diomed, 
Keep Hector company an hoot or two. 


■cniE □.] TBOILUB AHD CKE88IDA. 88 

Dio. I cannot, lord ; I have important bneinesB, 
The tide whereof is now. — Good night, great Hector. 

Hect. Give me your hand. 

lUyst. \(mde to Trcnlufi] Follow his torch; he goes to 
Calchas' tent : 
m keep yon company. 

Tro. \aside to Vlyss^ Sweet sirj you honour me. 

Hect. And 80, good night. 

[Exit Diomedea ; TJlytaei and Troiliu following. 

Aehil, Come, come, enter my tent. 

[Extant Aehilles, Hector, Ajax, and Nestor. 

Ther. That same Diomed'a a false-hearted rogue, a most 
unjust knave; I will no more trust him when he leers than 
I will a serpent when he hisses : he will spend his month, 
and promise, like Brabbler the hound ; but when he performa, 
astronomers foretell it ; it is prodigions, there will come some 
change ; the sun borrows of the moon when Diomed keeps 
his word. I will rather leave to see Hector than not to dog 
him: they say he keeps a Trojan drab, and ases the traitor 
Galcbas' tent : I'll after. — Nothing but lechery ! all inconti- 
nent varlets ! [Exit. 

SOBHB n. The same. Before Caicbab' tent. 
Enter Diohbdzs. 
Dio. What, are you ap here, ho ? speak. 
C<U. {within'] Who calls? 

Dio. Diomed. — Calchas, I think. Where's your daugh- 
Cal. [wiikiri] She comes to yoo. 

J!^iferTitoiLnB and Ultbsbs, at some distance; after them Therbitkb. 
Ulyis. Stand where the torch may not discover us. 

Enter Crbbbida. 
Tro. Cressid comes forth to him. 
Dio. How now, my charge 1 

Cns. Now, my sweet goardian ! — Hark, a word with yon. 



Tro. Yea, so familiar ! 

Ulyn. She will sing any man at firet eight. 

Tker. And any man may aing her, if he can take her 
diff; she's noted. 

Dio. Will yon rememher ? 

Cre». Remember ! yes. 

Dio. Nay, bat do, then ; 

And let yonr mind be coapled with your words. 

Tro. What should she remember 9 

UlyM. List. 

Gres. Sweet honey Greek, tempt me no more to folly. 

Ther. Roguery I 

Dio. Nay, then, — 

Cres. I'U tell yon what, — 

Dio. Foh, fob ! come, tell a pin : yon are forsworn. 

Cret. In faith, I cannot : what would yon have me do ? 

Ther. A jnggling trick,— to be secretly open. 

Dio. What did you awear yon woold bestow on me ? 

Cres. I prithee, do not hold me to mine oath; 
Bid me do. any thing bat that, sweet Greek. 

Dio. Good night. 

Tro. Hold, patience ! 

Ulyts. How now, Trojan ! 

Cret. ■ Diomed, — 

Dio. No, no, good night: I'll be yonr fool no more. 

Tro. Thy better moat. 

Grea. Hark, one word in yonr ear. 

Tro. plague and madness t 

Ulytt. You are mov'd, prince ; let ns depart, I pray you, 
Leat yonr diapleaanre shonld enlarge iteelf 
To wrathfal terms : this place ia dangerone ; 
The time right deadly; I beseech yon, go. 

Tro. Behold, I pray you ! 

Ulyss. Nay, good my lord, go off: 

Yon flow to great distraction ; come, my lord. 

Tro. I pray thee, stay. 

UlysB. Yon have not patience ; come. 

Tro. I pray yoa, stay ; by hell and all heU'a torments, 
I will not Bpea^ a word ! 

Dio. And so, good night. 



Crea. Na;, bat yon part in anger. 

Tro. Doth that griere thee ? 

withet'd truth ! 

UlysB. "Why, how now, lord ! 

Tro. By JoTe, 

1 will be patient. 

Creg. Gnardi&n ! — whyi Greek ! 

Dio. Foh, fob ! adieu ; yon palter. 

Cres. In faith, I do not : come hither once again. 

Ulyte. Yon shake, my lord, at something : will yon go ? 
You will break oat. 

Tto. She strokes his cheek t 

Uljfsg. Come, come. 

Tro. Nay, stay ; by JoTe, I will not speak a word : 
There is between my will and all ofTencee 
A gnard of patience : — stay a Uttle while. 

Tker. How the devil Inxnry, with his fat mmp and 
potato-finger, tickles these together ! Fry, lechery, fry ! 

Dio. But will yon, then ? 

Cres. In faith, I will, la ; never ttast me else. 

Dia. Give me some token for the snrety of it. 

Cres. I'll fetch yon one. [Exit. 

Ulyga. Yon have sworn patience. 

Tro. Fear me not, sweet lord ; 

I will not be myself, nor have cognition 
Of what I feel : I am all patience. 

Re-enter Crbsbid^. 

Ther. Now the pledge ; now, now, now ! 

Cret. Here, Diomed, keep this sleeve. 

Tro. O beaatyl where is thy faith? 

Vlysa. My lord, — 

Tro. I will be patient ; ontwardly I will, 

Crea. Yon look npon that sleeve ; behold it well. — 
He lov'd me — false wench'I — Give't me again. 

Dio. Whose was't? 

Grea. It is no matter, now I have't again. 
I will not meet with yon to-morrow night : 
I prithee, Diomed, visit me no more. 

Ther. Now she sharpens : — well said, whetstone ! 


86 TBOniUa AND CBEB8IDA. [lor t. 

Dio. I shall hare it. 

Ores. What, this ? 

Dio. Ay, that. 

Crea. all yoa goda ! — pretty, pretty pledge ! 
Thy master now lies thinking in his bed 
Of thee and me ; and sighs, and takes my glove. 
And gives memorial dainty Hsbbs to it, 
Aa I kiss thee. — Nay, do not snatch it from me ;''^ 
He that takes that doth take my heart withal. 

Dio. I had yonr heart before, this follows it. 

Tro. I did swear patience. 

Cre$, Yon shall not have it, Diomed; faith, yoa shall not ; 
I'll give yon something else. 

Dio. 1 will have this : whose was it ? 

Cres. 'Tis no matter. 

Dio. Come, tell me whose it was, 

Cres. 'Twas one's that lov'd me better than you will. 
But, now yon have it, take it. 

Dio. "Whose was it ? 

Crea. By all Diana's waiting-women yond, 
And by herself, I will not tell yon whose. 

Dio. To-morrow will I wear it on my helm ; 
And grieve his spirit that dares not challenge it. 

Tro. Wert thoa the devil, and wor'st it on thy horn, 
It should be ohalleng'd. 

Cres. Well, well, 'tis done, 'tis past; — and yet it is not ; 
I will not keep my word. 

Dio. Why, then, ferewell; 

Thon never ehalt mock Diomed again. 

Crea. Yon shall not go : — one cannot speak a word, 
Bnt it straight starts yoa. 

Dio. I do not like this fooling. 

Ther. Nor I, by Pluto : bat that that likes not you pleases 
me best. 

Dio. What, shall I come 9 the hour ? 

Cres. Ay, come: — Jove! — do come: — I shall be plagn'd. 

Dio. Farewell till then. 

Cres. Oood night : I prithee, come. 

[Exit Diomedtt, 
Troilas, farewell t one eye yet looks on thee ; 



Bat with my beart the other eye doth see. 

Ah, poor onr sex ! this taxdi in ns I find, 

The error of oar eye directs qui mind : 

What error leads must err; 0, then conclude 

Minds sway'd by eyee are fall of tarpitade. ^Exit. 

Ther. A proof of strength she coald not pabUsh more, 
Unless she said, "My mind is now ttirn'd whore." 
UlyBs. All's done, my lord. 
Tto. It is. 

Ulyst. Why stay we, then ? 

Tro. To mails a reoordation to my sool 
Of every syllable that here was spoke. 
But if I tell how these two did co-act, 
Shall I not lie in pitblishing a tnith ? 
Sith yet there is a credence in my heart, 
An esperance so obstinately strong, 
That doth invert th' attest of eyes and ears ; 
As if those organs had deceptions fnnctions. 
Created only to calumniate. 
Was Cressid here ? 

Ulyit. I cannot conjure, Trojan. 

Tro. She was not, sore. 
UlysB. Most sure she was. 

Tro. Why, my negation hath no taste of madness. 
Vly»B. Nor mine, my lord : Cressid was here bnt now, 
Tro. Let it not be believ'd for womanhood ! 
Think, we had mothers ; do not give advantage 
To stubborn critics, — apt, withoat a theme. 
For depravation, — to square the general sex 
By Gressid's rule : rather think this not Cressid. 

Ulyu. What hath she done, prince, that can soil our 

mothers ? 
Tro. Nothing at all, unless that this were she. 
Ther. Will he swagger himself oat on's own eyes? 
Tro. This she ? no, this is Diomed's Cressida : 
If beacty have a soul, this is not she ; 
If souls guide TOWS, if vows be sanctimonies. 
If sanctimony be the gods' delight, 
If there be rule in unity itself. 
This is not she. madness of disconrse, 



That canee aets up with and against itself! 

Bi-fold anthority ! where reason can revolt 

Without perdition, and loss assame all reason 

Without revolt : this is, and is not, Cressid ! 

Within my sonl there doth condQce"*" a fight 

Of this strange nature, that a thing inseparate 

Divides more wider than the sky and earth ; 

And yet the spacious hreadth of this division 

Admits no orifex for a point, as subtle 

As Ariachne's"**' broken woof, to enter. 

Instance, instance ! strong as Plato's gates ; 

Cressid is mine, tied with the bonds of heaven : 

Instance, instance ! strong as heaven itself; 

The bonds of heaven are slipp'd, disaolv'd, and loos'd ; 

And with another knot, five -finger- tied. 

The fractions of her faith, orts of her love. 

The fragments, scraps, the bits, and greasy relics 

Of her o'er-eaten faith, ^'"' are bound to Diomed. 

Ulysg. May worthy Troilus be but half attach'd"*" 
With that which here his passion doth express ? 

Tro. Ay, Greek ; and that shall be divulged well 
In characters as red as^Mars his heart 
Infiam'd with Venns : never did young man fancy 
With so eternal and so fix'd a soul. 
Hark, Greek : — as much as I do Cressid love,''*^* 
So mach by weight hate X her Diomed : 
That sleeve is mine that he'll bear on bis helm ; 
Were it a casque compos'd by Yulcan's skill, 
My sword should bite it : not the dreadful spout. 
Which shipmen do the hnrricano call, 
Constring'd in mass by the almighty sun. 
Shall dizzy with more clamour Neptune's ear 
In his descent than shall my prompted sword 
Falling on Diomed. 

Ther. He'll tickle it for his concupy. 

Tro. Cressid ! false Cressid ! false, false, false I 
Let all antrutha stand by thy stained name, 
And they'll seem glorious. 

Ulyse. 0, contain yourself; 

Your passion draws ears hither. 



ETiter ^HEAB. 

jEne. I have been seeking you this hour, my lord : 
Hector, by thie, ie arming bim in Troy ; 
Ajax, yoar guard, stays to conduct you bome. 

Tro. Have with you, prince. — My courteoae lord, adieu. — 
Farewell, revolted fair ! — and, Diomed, 
Stand toBt, and wear a castle on tby bead ! 

Uh/g». I'll bring you to the gates. 

Tro. Accept distracted tbanks. 

\_Exeunt Troilus, jEneas, and Ulysset. 

Tker. Would I could meet that rogue Diomed ! I would 
croak like a raven ; I would bode, I wonid bode. Fatroclns 
will give me any tbiog for the' intelligence of this whote : tbe 
parrot will not do more for an almond than he for a commo- 
dious drab. Lechery, lechery ; still, wars and lechery ; no- 
thing else holds fashion : a burning devil take them ! [Exit. 

Scene m. Troy. Before Pbiah's palace. 
Enter Hbctor and Amdbomachs. 
And. Wben was my lord so much ungently temper'd. 
To stop his ears against admonisbment ? 
Unarm, nnarm, and do not fight to-day. 

Hect. You train me to offend you ; get yon in: 
By all the everlasting gods, I'll go ! 

And. My dreams will, sure, prove ominous to-day."*" 
Hect. No more, I say. 

Enter CASSAimitA. 

Caa. Where is my brother Hector ? 

And. Here, sister ; arm'd, and bloody in intent. 
Consort with me in loud and dear petition. 
Pursue we bim on knees ; for I have dream'd 
Of bloody turbulence, and this whole night 
Hath nothing been but shapes and forms of slaughter. 

Cos. 0, it is true. 

Hect. Ho I bid my trumpet sound ! 


90 TBOILnS AND CSE8SIDA. [loi t. 

Caa. No notea of sally, for the heavens, sweet brother. 

Hect. Be gone, I say ; the gods have heard me swear. 

Cos. The gods are deaf to hot and pecTish tows : 
They are pollnted offeringe, more abhorr'd 
Ulan spotted liTers in the sacrifice. 

And. 0, be persuaded ! do liot coant it holy 
To hurt by being just : it is as lawful, 
For we would give mnch, to tise violent thefts. 
And rob in the behalf of charity."^ 

Cos. It is the ptirpoee that makes strong the tow ; 
Bat TOWB to every porpose mast not hold : 
Unarm, sweet Hector. 

Hect. Hold yoa still, I say ; 

Mine honotu keeps the weather of my fate : 
Life every man holds dear ; bat the brave man 
Holds honoar far more precious-dear than life.'^**' 

Enter Tboilus, 
How now, yonng mab ! mean'st thoa to fight to-day ? 

And. Cassandra, call my father to persoade. 

[Esdt Cassandra. 

Hect. No, faith, yoong Troilns ; doff thy harness, youth ; 
1 am to-day i' the vein of chivalry : 
Let grow thy sinews till their knots be strong. 
And tempt not yet the brashes of the war. 
Unarm thee, go ; and doabt thoa not, brave boy, 
I'll stand to-day for thee, and me, and Troy. 

Tro. Brother, yon have a vice of mercy in yon, 
'Which better fits a lion than a man. 

Hect. What vice is that, good Troilns ? chide me for it. 

Tto. When many times the captive Grecians fall,""* 
Even in the fan and wind of yoar fair sword. 
Yon bid them rise, and live. 

Hect. 0, 'tis fair play.'^*" 

Tro. Fool's play, by heaven. Hector. 

Hect. How now I how now ! 

Tro. For the love of all the gods. 

Let's leave the hermit pity with oar mothers ; 
And when we have oar armours buckled on. 
The***** venom'd vengeance ride npon our swords, 



Spar them to rathM work, rein them from mth."*** 

Hect. Fie, Bavage, fie ) 

Tro. Heotor,*^** then 'tia wktb. 

Hect. Troilns, I would not hare ;oa fight to-day. 

Tro. Who Bhonld withhold me ? 
Not fate, obedience, nor the hand of MarS 
Beckoning with fiery truncheon my retire ; 
Not Friamus and Hecnba on knees, 
Their jcyes o'ergall^d with recourse of tears ; 
Nor yoa, my brother, with yonr true sword drawn, 
Oppos'd to hinder me, should stop my wa^, 
Bat by my min. 

Se-enier Cabbandra and Fkiak. 

Cas. Lay hold apon him, Priam, hold him fast r"*^ 
He is thy cratch ; now if then lose thy stay, 
Thoa on him leaning, and aU Troy on tbee, 
FaU all together. 

Pri. Comei Hector, come, go back : 

Thy wife hath dream'd ; thy mother hath had Tisions ; 
Cassandra doth foresee ; and I myself 
Am like a prophet suddenly enrapt. 
To tell thee that this day is ominons : 
Therefore^ come hack^ 

Hect. ^neas is a-field ; 

And I do stand engag'd to many Qreeks, 
Even in the faith of valoar, to appear 
This morning to them. 

Pri. Aj, bnt thoa shalt not go. 

Hect. I mast not break my faith. 
Yon know me dutifol ; therefore, dear air. 
Let me not shame respect ; but gire me leave 
To take that coarse by yoar consent and Toioe, 
Which yon do here forbid me, royal Priam. 

Cos. Priam, yield not to him ! 

And. Do not, dear father. 

Hect. Andromache, I am offended with yoa : 
Upon the lore yoa bear me, get yoa in. [_Exit Andromache. 

Tro. This foolish, dreaming, saperstitioas girl 
Makes all these bodements. 



Cat. O, fsrewell, dear Hector t 

Look, how thoa dieat ! look, how thy oye tama pale 1 
Look, how thy wounds do bleed at many rents ! 
Hark, how Troy roars ! how Hecaha cries oat ! 
How poor Andromache Bhrills her doloara forth ! 
Behold, dietractioQ, frenzy, and amazement, 
Like witless antics, one another meet. 
And all cry " Hector ! Hector's dead !" Hector ! 

Tro. Away ! away ! 

CaB. Farewell : — yet, soft ! — Hector, I take my leave : 
Thou dost thyself and all onr Troy deceire. [Exit. 

Hect. YoQ are amaz'd, my liege, at her exclaim: 
Go in, and cheer the town : we'll forth and fight ; 
Do deeds worth praise, and tell yon them at night. 

Pri. Farewell : the gods with safety stand abont thee ! 

[Exeunt severally Priam and Hector. Alarums. 

Tro. They're at it, hark ! — Prond Diomed, believe, 
I come to lose my arm, or win my sleere. 

At TboilDS is going out, enter from the other eide Pandabc& 

Pan, Do yon hear, my lord ? do yon hear ? 

Tro. What now ? 

Pan. Here's a letter come from yond poor girf. 

[Gives letter, 

Tro. Let me read. 

Pan. A whoreson tisick, a whoreson rascally tisick so 
tronbles me, and the foolish fortane of this girl; and what 
one thing, what another, that I shall leave you one o' th's 
days : and I have a rhenm in mine eyes too ; and sach an 
ache in my bones, that, unless a man were cursed, I cannot 
tell what to think on't. — What says she there ? 

Tro. Words, words, mere words, no matter firom the 
Th' effect doth operate another way. — [Tearing the letter. 
Go, wind, to wind, there turn and change together. — 
My love with words and errors still she feeds ; 
But edifies another with her deeds.""' [Exeunt gereraUy. 



SaesE TV. Plaiiis between Troy and the Grecian camp. 
Alarums: eaxuTaioite. Ejiter TaKOBiTSS. 
Ther. Now they are clapper- clawing oda another ; I'll go 
look on. That dissembling abominable rarlet, Diomed, bae 
got that aame scnrrj doting foolish yonng knave's sleeve of 
Troy there in his helm : I wotild fain see them meet ; that 
that same yonng Trojan ass, that loves the whore there, 
might send that Greekish whoremaaterly villain, with the 
sleeve, back to the dissembling luxurious drab of a sleeveless 
errand. 0' the t'other side, the policy of those crafty swear- 
ing"*" rascals — that stale old mouse-eaten dry cheese, Nestor, 
and that same dog-fox, Ulysses — is not proved worth a 
blackberry: — they set me up, in policy, that mongrel cur, 
Ajas, against that dog of as bad a kind, Achilles : and now 
is the cur Ajax prouder than the cur Achilles, and will not 
arm to-day ; whereupon the Grecians begiu'^*** to proclaim 
barbarism, and policy grows into an ill opinion. — Soft ! here 
comes sleeTe, and t'other. 

.^1^ DioMBDBS, TsouAJS/olloimtg, 
Tro. Fly not ; for shouldst thou take the river Styx, 
I would swim after. 

IHo. Thou dost miscall retire : 

I do not fly ; but advantageous care 
Withdrew me from the odds of multitude : 
Have at thee ! 

Tker. Hold thy whore, Grecian I — now for thy whore, Tro- 
jan ! — now the sleeve ! now the sleeveless !""** 

^Exeunt Troilm and Diomede$, Jighting. 

Enter Hectoh. 
Hect. What art thou, Greek ? art thou for Hector's 
Art thou of blood and honour ? 

Ther. No, no, — I am a rascal ; a scurvy railing knave ; a 
very filthy rogue. 

Hect. I do believe thee ; — Kve. \Exit. 

Ther. God-a-mercy, that tboa wilt beUeve me ; bnt a 


TB01LU8 AHD CBE8SIDA. [act t 

plagae break thy neck for frighting me ! — ^What's become of 
the wenchiiig rogaes ? I think they have swallowed one ano- 
ther : I woold langh at that miracle : — yet, in a sort, lechery 
eats itself. I'll seek them. [Exit. 

SoBNB V. Another part of the plains. 
Enter Dioicbdbs and a Servant 
Dio, Go, go, my servant, take thou Troilas* horse ; 
Present the fair steed to my lady Cressid : 
Fellow, commend my service to her heanty ; 
Tell her I have chaatis'd'*'" the amorous Trojan, 
And am her knight by proof. 

Serv. I go, my lord. [Exit. 

Enter Ao&hgmnon. 
Agam. Renew, renew ! The fierce PolydamM 
Hath beat down Menon : bastard Margarelon 
Hath Dorens prisoner, 
And stands colossas-wise, waving his beam, 
Upon the pash^ corses of the kings 
Epistrophns and Cedius : Polyxenes is slain ; 
Amphimachns and Thoaa deadly hart ; 
Patroclus ta'en or slain ; and Palamedes 
Sore hart and bmis'd : the dreadful Sagittary 
Appals our numbers ; — haste we, Diomed, 
To reinforcement, or we perish all. 

Enter XEsroB. 
Neit. Go, bear Patroclus' body to Achilles ; 
And bid the snail-pac'd Ajax arm for shame. — 
There is a thousand Hectors in the field : 
Now here he fights on Galathe his horse. 
And there lacks work ; anon he's there afoot. 
And there they fly or die, like scaled scnlls 
Before the belching whale ; then is he yonder. 
And there the strawy Greeks, ripe for his edge. 
Fall down before him, Uke the mower's swath : 



Sere, there, and OTery where, he leaTes and takes ; 
Dexterity bo obeying appetite. 
That what he will he does ; and does bo much, 
That proof is oall'd impossibility. 

ErUer TjLtBBKa. 
Ulyss. O, cocrage, courage, princes t great Achilles 
Is arming, weeping, cnrsing, vowing Tengeanoe : 
Patroclus' wonnds have rous'd his drowsy blood, 
Together with his mangled Myrmidons, 
That noseless, handless, haok'd and ohipp'd, come to him. 
Crying on Hector. Ajax hath lost a &iend. 
And foams at month, and he is arm'd and at it, 
Boaring for Troilns ; who bath done to-day 
Mad and fantastic execution ; 
Engaging and redeeming of himself. 
With SQch a careless force and forceless care. 
As if that Inok, in very spite of conning, 
Bode him win all. 

JSSifer Ajax, 
Ajax. Troilna t thoa coward Troilos ! {_Exit. 

Dio. Ay, there, there. 

Neit. So, BO, we draw together. 

Enter Achilles. 
AckU. Where is this Hector?^ 

Come, come, thoa boy-qneller, show thy face ;*"* 
Enow what it is to meet AcbilleB angry : — 
Hector t wbere's Hector ? I will none bat Hector. ^Exeunt. 

Scene VI. Another part of the plains. 

Enter Aj AIL. 

Ajax. Troilns, thoa coward Troilus, sbov thy bead ! 

Enter Diokedbs. 
Dio, Troilna, I say t wbere's Troilns ? 


66 TB0ILU8 AKD CBEB8IDA. [icr t. 

Ajax. What woaldst thon ? 

Dio. I wonld correct him. 

Ajax. Were I the geoerEil, thou shouldst have my office 
Ere that oorrectioa. — Troilna, I say ! what, Troilus ! 

Enter Troilds. 
Tro. O traitor Diomed ! — tern thy felee face, thoa traitor, 
And pay the"** life thoa ow'at me for my horse ! 
Dio. Ha, art thoa there ? 

Ajax. I'll fight with him alone : stand, Diomed. 
Dio. He is my prize; I will not look upon,*"* 
Tro. Come, both you cogging (Greeks ; have at you both ! 
[Exeunt, Jighiing. 

Enter Hbctob. 
Hect. Yea,TroilaB? O, well fought, my youngest brother! 

Enter Achilles. 

AehU. Kow do I see thee, ha ! — hare at thee. Hector ! 

Hect. Pause, if thoa wilt. 

A chil. I do disdain thy courtesy, proud Trojan : 
Be happy that my arms are out of use : 
My rest and negligence befriend thee now. 
But thou anon shalt hear of me again ; 
Till when, go seek thy fortune. [Exit. 

Hect. Fare thee well :— 

I would have been much more a fresher man,*"*' 
Had I expected thee. 

Re-enter TaoiLts. 
How now, my brother ! 
Tro. Ajax hath ta'en jEneas : shall it be? 
No, by the flame of yonder glorious heaven. 
He shall not carry him ; I'll be ta'en too. 
Or bring him off: — fate, hear me what I say! 
I reck not though I end my life to-day. [Exit. 

Hect. Stand, stand, thou Greek ; thou art a goodly 
mark : — 


scc» Tu.} TBOILDB AND CEE88UA. 97 

No ? wilt thon not?— I like thy armour well ; 

m frash it, and unlock the riveta all, 

But I'll bo master of it ; — wilt thou not, beaat, abide ? 

Why, then fly on, I'll hunt thee for thy hide. lExeunt. 

Scene VII. Another part of the plains . 
Elder Achilles utith Myrmidous, 
Achil. Come here about me, you my Myrmidons; 
Mark what I say. Attend me where I wheel : 
Strike not a stroke, bat keep yourselves in breath : 
And when X have the bloody Hector found, 
Empale him with your weapons round about ; 
In fellest manner execute your aims."'" 
Follow me, sirs, and my proceedings eye : — 
It is decreed Hector the great muBt die. [^Exeunt. 

Enter Mbnelaus and Vkv-a, fighting; then THEBSiTBa. 

Ther. The cuckold and the onckold-maker are at it. — 

Now, bull ! now, dog ! 'Loo, Paris, 'loo ! now my double- 

henned sparrow ! 'loo, Paris, 'loo ! — The bull has the game : 

— ware horns, ho I [Exeunt Paris and Menelavs. 

Enter Marqarbloh. 

Mar. Turn, slave, and fight. 

Tlier. What art thou? 

Mar. A bastard son of Priam's. 

Ther. I am a bastard too ; I love bastards : I am a bastard 
begot, bastard instructed, bastard in mind, bastard in ralour, 
in every thing illegitimate. One bear will not bite another, 
and wherefore should one bastard ? Take heed, the quarrel's 
most ominous to us : if the son of a whore flght for a whore, 
he tempts judgment : farewell, bastard. [Exit. 

Mar, The devil take thee, coward t [Exit. 



ScxHE Vni. Another part of tke plairu. 
Enier Hboiob. 
Hec(. Moat patreflfed core, bo fair withont, 
Th; goodly armour thns hath coat thy life. 
Now ia my day's work done ; I'll take good breath : 
Beet, Bword ; thoa hast thy fill of blood and death. 

[Put* off kia helmet, and hang» kit shield behind him. 

Erder Aosilles and Mynuidotts. 

Achil. liook, Hector, how the snn begina to sot; 
How ngly night cornea breathing at his heels : 
Even with the vail and darkening of the sun, 
To close the day np. Hector's life is done. 

Hect. I am nnarm'd ; forgo this vantage, Greek. 

Achil. Strike, fellows, atrike ; this is the man I seek. 

[Hector fallt. 
So, Hion, fall thon next ! now, Troy, sink down ! 
Here lies thy heart, thy sinews, and thy bone. — 
On, Myrmidons ; and cry yon all amain, 
"Achilles hath the mighty Hector slain." — [_A retreatiound^d. 
Hark ! a retire upon onr Grecian part. 

Myr. The Trojan tmmpets sonnd the Uke, my lord. 

AchU. The dragon wing of night o'erapreads the earth. 
And, stickler-like, the armies separates. 
My half-snpp'd sword, that frankly wonM hare fed, 
Pleas'd with this dainty bait,'"" thna goes to bed. 

[Sheathes hit tword. 
Gome, tie bis body to my horse's tail ; 
Along the field I will the Trojan trail. [Exewat. 

SoBNZ IX. Another part of the plains. 

Enter Aoauemnon, Ajaz, Menblaub, Kestor, Diouedes, and 
otherg, marekiTtg. Slimda within. 
Agam, Hark I hark ! what shont ia that ? 
Nest. Peace, drama I 



[TTif Ain] Achilles ! Achillea ! Hector's slain ! Aohilles ! 

I>io. The brnit is, Hector's slain, and by Aolulles. 

Ajax. If it be so, yet br&gless let it be ; 
Great Hector was a loan as good as he. 

Agam. March patiently along : — let one be sent 
To pray Achilles see us at our tent, — 
If in his'''*' death the gods have ub befriended, 
Great Troy is ours, and our sharp wars are ended. 

[Exeunt, marching. 

BOENE X. Another part of the plaint. 
Enter iEsBiS and Trojans. 
^ne. Stand, ho ! yet are we masters of the field : 
Never go home ; here starve we out the night. 

Enter Troilos. 

Tro, Hector is slain. 

AU. Hector !~the gods forbid I 

Tro. He's dead ; and at the murderer's horse's tail. 
In beastly sort, dragg'd through the shameful field. — 
Frown on, you heavens, effect your rage with speed I 
Sit, gods, upon your thrones, and smite all Troy !"'•' 
I say, at once let your brief plagues be mercy, 
And linger not onr sure destructions on ! 

^ne. My lord, you do discomfort all the host. 

Tto. You anderstand me not that tell me so ; 
I do not speak of Sight, of fear, of death ; 
But dare all imminence that gods and men 
Address their dangers in. Hector is gone : 
Who shall tell Priam so, or Hecuba ? 
Let him that will a screech-owl aye be call'd. 
Go into Troy, and say there " Hector's dead :" 
There is a word will Priam turn to stone ; 
Uake wells and Niobes of the maids and wives, 
Cold statues of the youth ; and, in a word, 
Scare Troy out of itself. But, march away : 
Hector is dead ; there is no more to say. 
Stay yet. — ^Yon vile abominable tents, 


100 TR01LU8 AND CBE88IDA. [icr t. 

Thns prondly pight npon onr Phrygian plains, 

Ist Titan rise sb early as he dare, 

ni tbroagh and through you 1 — and, thou great-siz'd coward. 

No space of earth shall sander onr two hates : 

I'll haunt thee like a wicked conscience still, 

That mouldeth goblins swift as frenzy thoughts. — *"'' 

Strike a free march*^*" to Troy I — with comfort go : 

Hope of revenge shall hide our inward woe. 

[Exeunt ^neas and Trqjant. 

Aa Troildb is going out, enter, from the other side, Fahdabds. 
Pan. Bat hear you, hear you 1 
Tro. Hence, broker-lackey I ignomy and shame 
Pursue thy life, and live aye with thy name ! \E3At. 

Pan. A goodly medicine for my aching bones ! — 
world ! world ! world ! thus is Uie poor agent despised ! 
traitors and bawds, how earnestly are you set a-work, and 
how ill requited ! why should car endeavour be so loved, and 
the performance so loathed 9 what verse for it ? what instance 
for it ? — Let me see : — 

Full merrily the humble-bee doth sing. 
Till he hath lost bis honey and his sting ; 
And being once subdu'd in anuM tail, 
Sweet honey and sweet notes together fail. — 
Good traders in the flesh, set this in your painted cloths. 
As many as be here of pander's hall, 
Youi eyes, half oat, weep out at Pandar's fall; 
Or if yon cannot weep, yet give some g^ans. 
Though not for me, yet. for your aching bones. 
Brethren and sisters of the bold-door trade, 
Some two months hence my will shall here be made : 
It should be now, but that my fear is this, — 
Some gallM goose of Winchester"*" would hiss : 
Till then I'll sweat, and seek about for eases ; 
And at that time bequeath you my diseasea. [Exit. 



P. 5. (i) "Bordrut, and Tymbria, Htliat, Cketiu, TroUn, 
And AatawTidu," 
I le>Te theM namca u thej aUnd in the folio (thii Prologas ia not in the 
qn&rto), — eioept that I hare anbatvtatod •' Antenoridu" tot " Antenonidna." 
— Aooording to Darea PhrjgiaB, cap. 4, " Ilio portu f acit [Priamna] , qnaram 
Domiiik hnc aunt, Antenorida, DardAnin, Tlim , Sonn, ThTmbrss, Trojana 
[ot- Antenoiu, Dardania, Ilia, Sc»a, ThTmbnaa, Trojana] :" and Theobald 
nwde tbe namea in the present paaaage agree with that liat. But Shake- 
apeare, we may be gnre, did not conanlt Dares Pbrygina. — Coiton, in his proae 
RecuytU of the hiitoryti of Troye, &o. under the heading " How the kynge 
Piwm reediffled the e^ of traje," writes thna; "In this Cjte were size 
pryiudpall gates, of whome that one was named datdant. the seconde tym- 
bria. the thirde helyat. the foorthe chetat. the fifths troyettne. and the sizthe 
anttTUtridei." Ed. (which has neither pacing nor signatures} oiroa 1474: 
■ee Introd. to this pla}r, p. 3. — Ljdgate, in his poem entitled The kyMtvrye, 
Sege and dyitTuccyon of Truye, sajs ; 

" The finte of all and atrengeat e^e withall 

Waa b7 the kynge called Dardanydei ; 

And in stor;e lyke as it is fonnde, 

Tymbria was named the aeoonde; 

And the thirde called Helyat; 

The fonrthe gate h^bte also Citheaij 

The fyfte Troiana, the ayith Anlbaaydei" &e. 

B. ii. Big. F 1, ed. 1513. 
In the laat of theae linea ed. 1S66 reads 

" the ayith Anliilorydei ." 

P. 6. (») " Sperr" 

So Theobald.— The folio has " Stlrre." (In the fourth line above Theobald 
anbatitntad •• Priam.'! tix galea i' th' city," to aroid what he Mjs is "a verb 
ptitrat goremed by a nominatiTe linffvtar ;" and Capell, who retains the old 
reading abore, prints here " Bperra." Bnt the city with the ennmeration of 
it« gates WM oertainlr eoiwdered bj onr author aa equivalent to a plural 

P. 5. (j) ••ttarlitig" 

Mr. W. N. Lett«om wonld read " ataita." 

P. 7. (4) "'when the eomei !" — Whai it ilu theneet" : : ;,,. 

Bowe's ooirection (made partly in hia Srat, partly in hia aeo. ed.).— TJ^^Sffll ; 
•da. have " then ihe coma, vken she ia thenet." ' ' 



P. 7. (i) "Mom—" 

The old eda. tukve " uome." 

P. 7. (6) 

" In totupariicm tPith Crtulda't hand, m.jB he, tht tpirit o/ierue, the utmost 
degree, tJie moat exqnisile power of Beasibility. irhich impliea » soft hand, 
tinee the Hense ot tonching, m [Joliaa CieBKr] SeaJiger rajs in his Ezercila- 
tioni, Teiidei ohiefly in the Sngera. is htxi ae the o&lloai and i&BBnsible pftlm 
ot the plaoghmui. Warbtirton reads 

■ ipitt of BGtue ;' 


' — - — to Ih' Hpirit of Hense.' 
It is not proper to make a Iotst profess to praise his mistrasa in ipite of 
tttue; tat thon((h he often does it tn ipilt of the taut of others, his own 
•enses sie sobdoed to his deBiies." Jobhbon.— Capell prints "in tpirit of 

1866. Hr. W. N. Lettsom pMpoMB to amend the gre*ter part id thil 
speech m IoUowh ; 

" thon ansirer'st, she is fair; 
Her tjet, her hair, her choeti, her gait, her Tdoe 
Handleat in th? diBconrse ; — (0 that her hand. 
In whose comparison all whites are ink, 
Writing their own reproach ; to whoee soft seiznre 
And tpirit ofimte the eygnet'i doicn u hanh 
A» the hard palm of ploughman I—) this thon tell'st me, 
And tme thon tell'st me, when I Ba; I love her ; 
Bnt, saying thns, instead ot oil and balm 
Pour'd in the ppen ulcer of my heart, 
Thon laj'at in ererf gash that Love hath glren me 
The knife that made it." 
And he obaerrea; "Three ont of these fonr changes are the proper^ <^ 
others [of Grant White, Walker, and Barron Field]. I most eiprees mj 
ntter dissent from those orftice who take the part whioh I have put into 
parenthesis for a qnotation from PandamB. 'O that her hand,' &c. is eri- 
dentlj a lover's bnrst, and the whole poaaage is as remote from the low 
jargon of Pandama as the sky from a ceaapool. The words ' thit thou telVit 
me' refer to CresBida'B ryn, hair, tec. of which Psodaraa hod been in the 
habit of taUdng. This is evident from the cloee of the apeeck. The phraBO 
' every gaeh' cut refer to nothing but an ennmcnitiDn of rariona partLcnlarv, 
' Spirit of itnie' I take to mean here mott delicate and ethereal touch. In 
act iii. ic. S the same words are applied to the aight, or rather to the eye, 
the instnunent of sight. " 

^lOAir (Oil. Exam. Ac. toL Ui. p. IBl) bsjb of this reading " ETidently 
iftong. 'And,' I think." 



P. 9. {i) •• ftomm'd light," 

Li. inned lightly, — whether ire ohoosa to nudentuid " lightly" In its nsnal 
MBM, or in that of quicklj/, lOon ["Lightly oz Bone." Proust. Parv. ed. 
14M). — Theobald Babatitated (moat Tilely) " homMi-dight." — Heaih nnder- 
tttnds " lightly" to meui " readj lor aotion." 

P. 11. (9) "v,it" 

Bowe'a eotrection. — The old ads. h»Te " will." 

P. 12. (lo) ••marvM-i" 

H«re, — M in HomUI, "Yon ehall do marveWi viself," Ae. Mrt ii. m. 1, — 
"auaveWt" is m abbrenatiou ot marcelloui. 

P. IS. (ii) "Here'i but one and fifty" 

The old eda. baf e, both in the present and in the neit speech of Pandanu, 

" two and fifty" — which Theobald altered aa abOTe, obaerring, "How 

elie Ban the nnmbeF make ont Priam and bis fifty wne F" and thia leotifioa- 
tion of an enor, whiob piobably arose from the Ma. haTing bad the nnmben 
In ftgnree, waa adopted bj all Bnbgeqnent editors till Mr. Eiught and Mr- 
Collier brought baok into the tait the corrapted reading. — It is not to be 
doubted that Shakespeare knew the exaot nnmbec d aona wMoh from the 
•artiest timea had been assigned to Priami—eren sappoeing that the follow- 
ing pawage was by anothet dramatist ; 

"Bomana, nlfivt-and-twtnty valiant lont. 
Half of the numAcr thai King Prtatn had. 
Behold the poor remainB, aliTe, and dead I" 

rilu« Andronievt, act L lo. 3 ;— 
and it is utterly improbable that here be wonld needlessly deviate from the 
Homeiio tradition. — Mr. Knight, in defending " two and fifty," remarks that 
"The Margerelon of the romance -writers, who makea his appeaianee in 
Aot T., ia one of the additions to the old olaaaieal family." Bnt Margerelon 
is not to be eonaidered aa an addition to the family (whieh, in all eonaeienoe, 
was large enongh already) ; the romanoe-writera merely bestowed that name 
en one of the fifty sons whom antiquity had left unnamed. 

P. 16. (ii) "Pan. I'll be with you, niece, by and by. 

Ores, Tu bring, un«l« / 

Pan. Ay, a token from Troiliu." 
After " To bring, tmele," the qnarto has a colon ; the folio, a fnll-poinL — 
When Pandarus says, " m be toith you, nleoe, by and by," Cressida catehes 
at the worda "tU be with you," and subjoins "lo bring" — )"•* »b P""- 
dams eatehea at " to bring," and adds " Ay, a token," Ao.— See Oloss. snb 
" bring," Aa. {ij) "liei" , ,:- 

Mmob would read " dies." 



P. 16. (14) " Achievement it eotianand; uagain'd, btieeeh:" 
Hr. CoUier'a Ml. Coaeetor sabatitotai " Achier'd men bUU command," ie. : 
bnt if the text reqniras alteration (of which I hare yat to be eonnnoed), Mr. 
Eameaa'i reading, " Achiev'd men na command," &o. is far preferable. — Sea 
Walker's Crit. Exam. &c. Tol. ii. p. BIS, vhere this pasaage ii qaoted withoat 
anj Biupiidou of its b«iqg oormpt ; and the editor's note ibid. 

P. 17. (15) "m-Mtt." 

Bo Mr. CoUier'B Hb. Ootreetor.— The old eda. have " irorkea ;" which Walkar 
{Cril. Exiaa. &e. *oL iii. p. 193) prononnees to be " palpably wrong." 

P. 18. (16) "fled" 

" Perhaps 'flee'," utys Walker (Crit. Exam. tea. toI. ii. p. 68) ; which C^iell 

P. 18. (17) "RetoTU" 

80 I conjectured tn my Fev Notei, lea. p. 107 ; and so too Mr. Orant White. 
— Theqnarto has " BetireB ;" thafolio, " Setyres." — Pope printed "Betnma;" 
Hanmer, " Replies,'' — which ig the reading of Mr. Collier's Mb. Correehx. — 
Hr. Stannton gif es " Re-ahides." 

P. 18. (i8) "Though" 

The old eds, have " Thoa." — Corrected b; Hanmer. 

P. 18. (19) " and be't 0/ Utt expect," &e. 

Here " expect" is explained to mean expectation. — I have no doubt that Gie 
line la corrDpted.— Pope gave " we Icn expect," Aa.; Capell, "Andwelcse 
expect," Sic. ; and Mr. W. N. Lettsom eonjeetnreB, " we no leit expect," lea. 
i. e. " we are as swe of a bad speech from yon as of a good one from Ther- 
sitea. Ulysaes makes a Bimilarlj' inverted or ironical comparison below, 
p. 31; 

' as near as the eitremest ends 
Of parsUele ; as like as Volcan and his wife.' "— 
This speech is not in the qnarto. 

P.19.(«) "maetiS" 

The folio has " Maitioke."— Thia speech is not in the qoarto. 

P. 19. (11) " Hollotc upon thit plain, eo man^ hoUoie faetioni." 
Hanmer omitted the flrst " Sallow;" Steevens proposes to omit the seoood- 

E- 18- (»») " Wien that the genial U not like the hive," He. 
7^TIie_meaning is, — When the general ts not to the army like the hive to ths 
beds, ihe reposilor? of the stock of every individoal, that to which eaoh par- 


>on».l TB0ILU8 AND CRE88WA. 106 

tionlw TSMiTta with whatarez he hu ooUeoted for the good of the whole, 
viol honey U txpecttd I wh^t hope of adTuitage ? The bbubb ia clear, the 
eiprsBBion ia confuted." Jobnbon. — W&rbnrtan reads " When that the gene- 
ral not likeB the Mve," Ac. ; HeaUi propoaea " When thai the general's not 
the life ol th' hive,'" Ac. ; and Capell printi " When thai the general ie not 
lik'd o' the hive," bo. 

P. 19. (tj) "other ;•• 

lb. ffinger (Shaketptart Viniitatei, tee. p. 192) reads " eilier :" in oppod- 
tioD to which reading Mr. Grant White obeerreB, " It is not Sol'a place in the 
ether, bat hii Bnpremacf > amidst the other' heaTonly bodiee, which Uljeeea 
withea to imprSEs apon his hearera." Sh(fketpeare'$ Schclar, Sie. p. 864. 

P. 19. (x4) " Then" 

So Hanmer.— The old eds. hare " The." 

P. 19. (tfi ''prijMgenity" 

So the qnwto i^friaogeniiie"). — The folio luu "primogenitioe." 

an univeTtal prey," 
" [The flnt ' uuTersal'J wrong, anielf ." Walker's Crii. Exam. Iba. Tol. i. 

P. 81, (17) " o'er-wraUd" 

i.e. over-wonnd, — as with a WMt (for tuning haipe). — The old eds. hare 

P..21. (»g) "a." 

Has been omitted ; and rightly perhaps. 

P. 31. (19) "good" 

Bo the second foUo. — The qnarto and the flrat folio hare "god;" which in 
mj fmner edition I wrongly retained. — On the worda "good" and "god" 
eoofonnded in our early writera, see Crit. Exam. Ac. voL i. p. SM, by WaUcsr, 
— who eunparea with the misprint in the present paaaage a aimilar misprint 
of the folio in Coriolantu, act iii. so. 1 ; 

" Shall r Qod! hot moat Tnwise Patrioiaiti: why," See. 

P. 31. (jo) 
The iM eda. have " place." 


106 TBOILnS AND CBE^IDA. [trona. 

P. 33. [31) "What tmmpttt look, MeneUnu." 
Capell piintB "What Inunpet'B that? look, M««4latu.'' — 8t««Teiu would 
owU" Menel/ua." — Qj. " Menelaiu, look"? 

P. 23. (31) " Aehillei- arm" 

"Perhaps the snthor wrote 'illcid«' arm'." Jobmioh. 

P. 23. (33) "Jovc'i accord," 

Theobald takes this for ftn tblatiTe absolnte, — "when Jove ehowe hiiDBeU 
OD their side:" bat it it very donbtfnl if we have the tme text here. — Malone 
(badlj>) coajeotures " Jovi'i a god ;" Steeient (a< badly), " Lore's a lord ;" 
and ifaaon (abnudlf), " Jove'i own bird." — Tlie qnuto hu "great loua 

P. 39. (34) " thai praite, toU pure, trantcendt," 

Here Mr. Collier's Ma. Corrector alters "sole pure" to " nojil-piire,"- 
seemi to ooutbj no n 

P. 34. (jj) " Than ever Greek did eompan in hi* arm*;" 
Bo the folio. — The qaarto has " Then euer Greeke did oonple in hit armei," 
whioh Mr. Collier persiata in adopting. He sajs ; " The Ker. Hr. Dj>ce does 
not understand (' Bemarka,' p. 161) the sipression ' ooaple in his arms.' We 
are aonj for it : to other people the words may he more intelligible ; and, 
Willi all respect, we cannot alter the langnage ol Shakespeare in deterenoe 
merely to Hr. Dyoe's want of perception. It is only a flgnratiTe mode of 
a^iiig, ' did embrace in his arms,' hat the folio saorifioea the flgore : so when 
old Talbot, in ' Henry TI., Part I.,' A. i*. so. 7, clasps his dead son, he says 
that they are 'ooapled in bonds of perpetnl^.' The arms of the Oreek are 
what are termed ' couples' in the language of the chase." — 1 oow repeat the 
words which I naed long ago,^ — that here "conple" ia neither En^ish nor 
sense; and I would aik, what has become of Hr. Collier's "perception" 
when he oan see no difference of eipreaaion hetweeo " a Oreek cm^ling 
a lady in hia arma" and old Talbot and hia son " being eot^led in bonda of 
perpetuity" t 

P. 26. (36} " fVell, and hoa t" 

Bteavens proposes " Well, and how then f " 

"Mr. Collier, following hia annotator.reads 'reputation;' neither being aware 
that ' impotation' was often need [nearly] in that seDse : see Hamlet, act t. 
ac. 3, 'I mean, air, for hia weapon; bnt in the insulation laid on him by 
then, ia his meed he's nnfellowed." SucnroM. 



P. 86.(38) "oreWf" 

80 the leeond folio. — TIm fint (olio htt "art in hU." — Thia ia not in the 

P. 3€. (]9) " perehan^e, that they teili ttU ;" 

The oU ed«. liftT« "ptrchanct thedle [and thej'I] ittl." 

P. 96. (4P) 

'■ Th< tuitr; 0/ the better ^it (0 i ftoir, 
Shall thoto the better. Do not, then, eoment" 
Bo the tolio, eicept th&t it omita " then," which was snpplied by Pope. — Mr. 
Grant White eonjectnres 

SAoU thoiB tht belter thna. Do not cotaent." — 
Here the qnarto has 

" The Ituter of the better ahtil exceed. 
By ahewing the wane fint : do not eomeut." 

P. 27. (41) •' Neat. Ulyuei, 

The old ede. hkTe " Ne$l. Now TlyaBee." 

P.27.(4z) "eor<»-" 

Hr, Collier's Me. Carreotor leada " sore." — Mr. fitannton propoies "oor." — 
From Johnwia'B Dictionary, eab " Cf/re," we learn that the word ia naed in 
the aenae of a body or collection (French, eorpt) by Bacon in the follow- 
ing paaaage of hia Huiory of King Henry the Seventh ; " Bnt hee waa more 
donbttall of the rayaing of torcea to reaiat the rebela, then of the leaiat- 
ance it aelfe ; for that he was in a core ot people, whoee affectioDi he 
■napected." p. 17, ed. 1641, — on the fltren(rth of whioh paaaage Mr. Grant 
White here anbatitnteB " corps" for " core." 

P. 27. (43) " (AoB jiineaedtl leaven, tpeak : F' 

The qnarto has " thott vnaalted Uauen, ipeake, I:" the folio, " yon wliinid'at 

Uaven Mpeake, I." — The senae aeema to require " ipeak, or I ;" whlcll 

Basnier gare. 

P. 38. (44) "AJBi. Miitreu Thertitea!" tee. 

So the folio. — The qnarto iiu 

" Aiax. Hiatre» Theraitce. 
Ther. Thon ahonldst atrile him. AiaiCoblofe, 
Hee woold pnnne thee into ahinen with hia flat, as a aayler 
breahea a biaket, yon horton cnrre. Do T do T 
Aiax .- Tlion atode for a witch." — 
Narca in hia OIoM. writea aa follows : "Cob-loif. Alarge loaf. Cot ii oiad 


108 TROILna AND CRESSIPA. [sonis. 

in eompoBitian to ezprewi large, oa cob-nut, cob-iwan, &o. Bat if AjiiS 
nte» it to TberaiteB, he moBt mean to impl; awkwardneaa and deformit;." 
Then, titer citing the passiigB as it staadB in our text, Karea proceeda ; 
" Thia U desperatelj oomipt. Of ' MiatFssa Theraitea,' I can make notliiilg 
[neither conld Walker, Crit. Exam. &c. vol. iii, p. 193} ; bat the 4ta gnggeata 
the tme reading of the reat, eHei tranapoaing onl7 one irord, by giiiiig the 
whole to TheniteB ; 

' Thtr. Shonldat thoa atrike him, Ajai, eobloaf! he would pnn thee into 
thiVBra,' &o. 

The commentatora, to 'explain the other reading, aay that eob-loaf ineana 
' a ernat? uneven loaf,' that it ma; aait Therutea ; and Mr. SteeTena says it 
it M Daed in the midland conntieB; bnt Mr. Steevena flnda an naage wheM he 
wasta it. Whereas, U Theraitea oalla Ajai cob-loaf, it then retains its ana- 
It^ons sense, of a ' large, clamaf loaf,' and the socceeding allaaioD to a 
biBonit ia natural, and in ita place. ' Though ;on are like a large loaE, 
Achillea wcnld poond ;oa like a blBcnit.' The paaaage lilUe deaerrea the 
labour of correoting, had not the correction Iwen ao obTiona." Bnt Narea's 
ao-oalled " obTJoos correction" (fonnded on the error of the qnarto) ia nn* 
donbtedl; wrong. " Cobloaf" applies well to the personal dofcrmit; of Ther- 
rites. ("(7ob-Ioii/, a miaahapen loafotbrcsd," dtc. Capell's G2o«>. "Cobloaf. 
A emstj' naeien loaf, with a ronnd top to it. LosTea called cobbi are still 
made in Oitordsbire. See Edwarda'a Old English Caatoma, p. 2£." Halli- 
well'a Diet, of Arch, and Prov. Words, ftc.)— I may add that " Tkou ihouldtt 
itrike him" ia equivalent to "Yon had better strike bim." 

P. 80. (45) ••your" 

The old eds. have "their." 

P. 30. (46) " brach-' 

Howe's oorrection. — The old eda. have " brooch."^" •Brach' certainlj meana 
[herej a bitch, and not a 4og, which renders the eipreaaion more abolive and 
offenaiTe. Theraitea calla Patroolus ' Achilles' bracK for the same reaaon 
that he afterwards calls him hia male harlot [bnt sec note 148] and hia 
mofcuftne v>hore." Hasom. 

P. 80. (47) '■ the fifth hoar" 

So the folio. — The quarto haa " the first hmire :" bnt, as Hr. Collier obaerrea, 
it would seem b; what Thersites says afterwards (p. GO), — " If to-morrow 
be a fair day, 1^ eloTen o'clock it will go one way \a other," — that "fifth 
hour" ia right. 

P. 81. (4,8) " The pait-proportion of hit infinite I" 

" Thua read both the copica. The meaning ia, ' that greatneaa to which no 
measure bears aoy proportion.' The modem editora ailently give ' The vatt 
proportioa— .' " Jobhson.— But aee note 37 on The Comedy of Errors for ex- 
amples of the proneueaa of printers to blander in words beginning with the 



P. 81. {49) •'godly- 

" Qj- ' goodiy,' with CapoU'B [oonjeotnie in hia] Far, H," W. N. Lsttboh. 

P. 93. {50) " toftoi* ymtth and/riihiuis 

WTiakU$ Apollo, and makes itale the morning." 
So ths folio, except that ^e the quarto) it hM " Apolloes." — The quarto 

reads " and makti pale the moming :" bnt the reading of the folio 

(thoogh Hr. ColliGr deolareB that it " oan hardly he right") is sarsly prefer- 
able; "§taU" is more properly opposed to " freshnesB" than "pale." Com- 

" Pallaa for all her painting than, 
Her face would Heeme bat pale ; 
Then Juno wonld haue bltuht lor Bhame, 
And Teona looked tiaU." 

Ljly's Mayda Mttamorphatit, IBOO, ^. D 3. 
" Faire Irii ironld hsne lookt bat itaU and dimme 
In her beat eolotm, had she there appear'd." 

VTither'B Efitlialamia, lig. D 2, ed. 1620.— 
Knee I irrote what precedes, I find that Walker (Crit. Exam. &e. vol. i. 
p. SOS), speaking of this passage, say b, " I folloir Dyoe in reading irlth the 
folio 'itaU.' " 

P. Bfl, (ji) " That we have itot'n vtutt lee do/ear to ktep!" 
" Burely, with some editiooB [Haomer'B], 

' What we hare atol'n, that we do fear to keep.' " 

Walker's Crit. Exam. Ac. vd. iii. p. IDS. 

P. 83. (5a) "minkUdeld," 

The folio baB "vHnkled old;" the qoarto, "urinekltd olden." — Coiteeted 
b; mtsrai. 

P. W. (S3) "pott" 

Mr. Collier's Hs. Corrector BnbstitateB " poise ;" and rigfatlj pefhaps. 

P. 86. (j4) •' ihoH-aimed'' 

Theoldsds. hsTe "(Aorf.armd" and " ahort-aTm'd." — The oorT«otion"tA«rt- 
aimtd" WM made in mj Remarkt on Mr. Coilitr'i and Mr. Snight't ed*. of 
Shaketpeart, tec p. 1S9. Compare onr author's Coriolanui, act i. Bo. 3 ; 
" By the disooTery 
We shall be iharten'd in onr aim." 

P. 86. (jj) " the bone-aehe !" 

Tbe quarto bai " the KeopolUan bone-aehe." 



P. 88. (56) •■ to the creator." 

The qoarta hM " of the Pnmei." 

P. 38. (;7) " Ee ihent ourioetimgert ;" 

The quarto hu '' He sate our meiteng/T$ ;" the folio, " He Bent our Meeetn- 
gen." — I ftdopt the emendittion of Theobald : the «ord " thent" it ieTonl 
timcB QBed b; onr Bathar; and SteeTena ad I. has apU; cited from the 
TomanM of The Somdon of Babyloyne, "All metttrtgerit he doth thende :" 
moreoTer, it the readii^ of the qaarto, "St sate our mettengert," be, bb I 
BDtpeot it is, a mistake for " He rates our neiiengen," Theobald'B alteration 
of the folio'i "sent" to "thent" is still further gtren^cthened, — Mr. Collier 
(at the Bnggestian of a friend) gave in his ed. of Shalittpeare, "We sent 
OUT meuengeri," Ae. ; and bo reads his Ub. Corrector. Bnt " We gent our 
maietlgen," — a simple dealaration that Agamemnon had Bent meflaengers to 
AdlilleB, wUhont any mention of the treatment which those meBsengen had 
noeived from the latter, — by no meaoB roila with what inunediatelr followa 
in the aentence. The objection which iSi. Collier bringg Bf»inBt Tfaeobald'a 
emendation, Tiz. that " Achilles had not rebnked any messengera" (meaning, 
I presDme, that the said rebuking it not prerioiuly mentioned in the play), 
forms reall; no Dbjection at alt ; for neither la there prerionsl; the Blightest 
hint of meBsengera haying been sent bj Agamemnon to Achillea ; yet from 
the preeetit paBgage (whicherer reading be adopted) it is dear that they had 
been sent; and, as we are eipressly told (act i. «□. S) that AehiUes nsed to 
take pleaSQra in seeing Patroalna "pageant" AgaioeiDnoD, we sorely may 
BVppoBe that he would treat bis messengers with any thing bat respect. 

P. S9. (si) 

"Than in the nott of judgment; anduiorthieT thanhimtelf" 
" I inapeot that two half-lines haTe dropt oat, to this effect; 
' Than in the note of jndgment. Tell him thit ; 
And add, betxdet, that worthier than himaelf,' tea." 

Walker's Crit. Exam. Sia. to), iii. p. 183. 

P. 39. (59) " Hit pettUh lutui, hU ebbi, hit fla-iet," 
The qnartohaa "Hit conrae, and time, hit eiit and ftomet ■" the folio, "Hit 
pettith lines, hii ebi, hitJUneet." 

P. 13. (60] " He't not yet through varni .-" 
Both the quarto and the folio give tbeae worda to Ajax. 

P. IS. (61) " NcBt. What a vice were it in Ajax now,— 
Ulyia, If he Kcre proud, — " 
Mr.W. H. Lettsom would read 

" Neit. Why, lehat a vice were it in Ajax note, 
If he leere proud." 



P. 43. (6x) " Tftriee-/am'd, beyond all eniditum .-" 
The quarto has " Xhrict fam'd bgyond all thy erudititm;" the folio, " Thrice 
fam'd beyond, beyond ail tradition." 

P. 43. (63} " let- 

Added b7 Walker (Grit. Exam. At. vol. iii. p. 194). 

P. 43. (64) " Nest. Ay, my good ton." 

The folio givM these iroida to Vlyaet. — The qaarto prefliea to them (and 
rif^tlr, as the oonteit ehoirB) "Nett,": — jet Mt. Eni^t aajB; "Beoansa 
Neetor irai an old nun, thi KODaan KDrroBd make Mm reply to the qtEesUon 
of AJax," Ae. 

P. 48. (6^) " Freth kingi art eome to Troy : to-morrow" 
An impetfeot line, which has been TSTionaly amended. Hr. W. N. Lettaom 
— to Troy to-daj; to-morroio." 

P. 44. (66) " Iow*» invitibU »oul,—" 

Whieh, aajB Johiuon, " may mean, the tout 0/ loot invisibla erery where 
else," — was altered by Hanmer to " lote't vidble touli" an alteration ad- 
opted hj Capell, and recommended bj Mr. W. N. LettBom. 

P. 46. (67) 

" Nay, that ihall not $ervt your (urn; that $haU it not, in truth, la. Nay, 
lean not for nteh aordi; no, no." 
Given to Pandanu in the old edi. ; to Helen by Bowe. 

P. 4B. (68) " ran miuf not knoa lehere he tupi." 

OiT«n to Helen in the tU eds. ; to Pandams by Hanmer. 

P. 4S. (69) " my diipoter" 

I.e. she who diipoiei or inolineB me to mirth by her pleaaant (and rather free) 
talk : see note 36 on Love'i Labonr'i loit. — (Of the alteratiooe made and pro- 
poaed here — " my disponaer," " my deposer," and " my dispraiser," it ia not 
«aaj to t^ which ii the meet tooliah.) 

P. 46. (70) "Pan. It thU the gmeration of love," &B. 

" Howerer ' Pan.' may hare got ■hofSed to the head of this apeeoh, no more 
of it, I am oonildent, than the last fire or six word* belong* to that charseter. 
The reat ia eleaiiy ifelm't." Bmov. 



P. 47. (71) " Taoii-oa' Boy," 

Here in the old eia. ke ie sailed " Troybu Han :" bnt ttiia ia endeatly th« 
atteiLduit whom they have preTioiul; (see p. 16) designated " TroiUu' Boy." 

P. iS. (72) "palate tatta" 

The old edg. have " p«Uate taste." 

P. 48. (73) " tftrfee-repurid" 

Bo some ooptea {e.g. the Doke of Devonshire's oopy , and my own copy) of the 
qoarto. — Other copies of the qnarto, and the folio, have " thrice repnted." 

P. 18. {74) "Swooning" 

The old eds. have " BonndinK." Bee note gj on The Winltr't Tale. 

P.49, (7S) "wor»t." 

Botb the qoarto and the folio have " wone." — Correaled by Eanmer. 

P. 60. [76) " butnot, till now, 10 much" 

" Bead, with the quarto, ' bat, tilt now, not so mneb'." W. N. LmsoK. 

P. 61. (77) " Cumting" 

Pope's correction. — The old eds. hare " Comming." 

P. 61. (78) " Tto. You cannot thun 

YouTtelf," Ac. 
Some dight impeifeotion here. 

P. 61. (79) "eboa'd" 

Theqnaitohaa "show;" thefoUo, "shew." (Mr. Grant White prints "shew," 
oonsideiing ifr—erroneonsly, I believe — as a form of the preterite.) 

P. 62. (go) 

Bo Hamcer. — The old eds. have " constant ;" which the reader will And ela- 
borately defended in the notes of Tyrwhttt, Malone, and Heath. — " Tyrwbitt 
woold not hare o<»tended for the reading of ' corutant' instead of ' inoon- 
stant,' bad he considered the passage with his nsnal accuracy. It is tme 
that, in Shakespeare's time, a Troilas was an expression for a ooiutant lover, 
and a Creesida for a jilt, beoanse in the oonclotion of their amonr Troilns 
oontlmed fi^thfnl, and Creesida proved false ; bnt Pandams snppoees in 
this speech that they thoold both prove false to eaeh other, and in that 
case it wonld hare been ahsnid to say that IroilnB shonld be quoted aa 



•n example of aonBUne?." Muos. — " Kotwithetandiiig aU the reuoning 
of the critics. Oie emeDd&tion of Honmer {' incaiwtant') is not only plan- 
Bible, but Absolntel; neceiuuy. Pandaras is not Dttaring a prophecj, bat 
mn imprecation on tlie lovers and himself in case TroilaB and Cresuda are 
fabe one to the other. Nor [Noir ?] irh; Troilna shoold always he called con- 
stant, if be proved false to Cressida, thcBe critice woald hare done ireU to ex- 
plain. Mr. Mason's objection to ' constant,' which, by the way, I have almost 
transcribed, is nnanswerahle ; thonRh attempted, in vain, to be answered by 
Malone." Pib. 

P. 6S. (Si) " a chamber vith a bed; wkich bed" 

The dd eds. have only " a Chamber, ahich bed." — The additional words were 
inaerted by Hanmar. — In my former edition I queried "a chamber, whosft 
bed:" which Mr. Orant White has adopted. 

P. 53. {81) " And Cupid grant," 3ce. 

Walker raqiecta that this oonplet is interpo^ted. He says ; ■> Could Shake- 
tpeart have written it' Besides, the preoeding 'aaay' seems a natnial oon- 
oloaioDofthe scene, and in Sliakeqieare'B manner." CriUExian. Ae. TOl.iiL 
p. 201. 

P. 68. (83) " A^ear it to your mtful" 

Ur. Collier's Ms. Corrector Bnbstttntes, most improperly, " Appeal {( to yowf 

P. 58. (84) " That, through the tight I bear in thingi to Jove, 
I have abandon'd Troy, left my ^neiiioni," 
A mncb-controTeited puaage ; in vhich it is doubtfol whether the reading 
of the old eds. "be" to lone" or " to loue." (Elsewhere in this play the word 
" Jove" occnrs twelie times ; in the qnarto always in Italia 1 in the (olio three 
times in Boman.and nine times in Italic.] —According toBte«TeiiB,if waread 
" to lore," and alter the pnnctnation thns, 

" That, through the tight I btar tn thingt, to lore 
I have abandon'd Troy," &a,, 
the meaning maybe, "No longer assieting Tioy with my adrioe, I have left 
it to the dominion of love, to the consequences of the amonr of Paris and 
Helen :" which, tbOBgh ridicoloas enough, is plaosible when compared to Mr. 

" That, through the tight I bear in thingi to love," Ae, 
i, e. " through my prescience in knowing what things I should love," ftc. I — 
Bowe printed 

" That, through the tight I bear in Ihingt to come," &c. ; 
a riolent alteration, — " made," as Jolmson obserres, " to obtain some mean- 
ing." — Mr. Collier's Ms. Cotreeter gives 

" That, through the tight I bear in iktTtgi above," &e. 
(a Tnading which, b«fot« the CMieotor'a emendations were disoomsd, bi^ [ 
TOL. n. 1 


Ill TB0ILU8 AND CBEBSIDA. [miwbb. 

been nggeiM bj Hr. CoUiei hiniBeU la his aot« ad (., and pertutpa bj 
otheTH], — Johnson »nd HBlona preferred 

" That, tliTOugh tht tight I bear in ihingi, to Jovt 
1 have abandon'd Troy," ^c; 
to which the strong obJectiOTis are obriong, — 186E. Mr. Btaimton 'EahstitnteB 

"That, through the light I bear in thingi bom Jovt," &o, — 
The old eds. have " left mi/ poaaeBsioii." 

P.'sa. {85) "into" 

Eqnivtlent to " unto" (u in Bareral other puBagea at our poet). 

P. E3. (86) " a prince 0/ blcod," 

The (onrth folio fau " a prinee 0' th' 6I00J."— Walker (Crti. Exam. &o. toI. 
iii. p. 19S) makes here the some alteration as we find in the fourth folio, and 
then obserres ; " Troiliu and Creiiida is — oertaiol; in the latter part, and, 
if 1 reeoUeot right, throaghont — one of the most iDdon-ectl; printed pla;< in 
the folio ; second onlj in this respect to Lcmt't liobour't lott." — Bnt compare 
"Art thoa of blood and bononr?" p. S3. 

F. 64. (87) " Jn moit accepted pay." 

The old eds. have " Jn moil accepted paine." Bnt the original oompoeitAr 
probablj mistook "paie" for "palne:" and "pay" is supported b? the pre- 
oeding wor^ of the sentence, " buy my daaghter." (Johnson sajs ; " Sir T. 
Eanmer, and Dr. Warbnrton after him, read ' In most accepted pai/-' The; 
do not seem to nnderstsod the oonstmetian ol the paaaags. ' Her pretence, 
aajH Calchaa, thali itrike off, or recompense, the ttniee I have done, ereu in 
those labouri which were mott accepted.") 

P. M. (88) " Why nieh anplaiuive eyet are bent on Aim;" 
The old eds. have " Why lueh vnpanlsiae [and vnplamiue] eyei are benlt 

P. 55. (85) - "tue" 

Theoldeds.haTe "Ts'd" (an orror ocoseioned by the ooaarrenee olthst word 
in the pieoadiog line bnt one).^ — Correoted b; Walker (Crit. Exara. Ac. to], i. 

P. 66. (90) " but hotwur" 

Bo the qnarto. — The lolio has " 6uf hononi'd :" heuee the modem reading, 
"bvtia [and fraCe] ftonour'd." 

P. 56. (91) "richei, favour," 

So- the aeoond folia. — The ewliei «d«.haTe "riehet, and/ouour." 



P. 68. (gi) "mirror'd" 

Ths certain emsndatioti of both the Ms. Coireotora, Mr. CoUiar'e uid Hr. 
BiagOTB. — The old eds. h»*e " married. " — 1865. " JfiTTor'd tor ' married,'" 
B«JH Dr Inalebj (CompUU Vitw of the Shaketpiare Conlroveriy, *o. p. 233), 
"Ib jnet one of Ihoea emendatioilB which bsgnile the jad^ent, Inll □ritioism, 
and enlist onr love of the aorprising and ingeniooB. But it t( not lound." 
lent it r 

P. 66. (93) 

*' Whtrt they're txtended,- who, lilu an arth, Tmtrbtratei," &e. 
Both the qtiBrto and tbe toUo have 

" Where ih'are [the folio they are'] extended: mho like an areh twua- 
b'rate," &o. 
i.e. aafB Boavell, "The? who'appland reTerberate. Thia elliptio mode of 
expreeaion is in oar aathor'a manner." Bnt if ne retain " rsverberato," we 
moat also change "rtceivei and rindm back" to "receiTe and render back," 
— I bale metel; (witb tbe editor ot tbe second folio) altered " reierberate" 
to " reverbtratet." — That " icAo" ma; atond here for uAieA (and compare a 
later paaaage of this acene, 

" There JB a myBteiy — iritb whom relation 
Dnrat never meddle," &c.) 
will not be donbted hj an; one who reads m; note on (he line of Titnon of 

.dlb!7U,actT. BO. 1, 

" WJio onoe a da; with his embosBid ^th," fe). 

P. 57. (94) "to" 

Ought pTobabl; to be omitted. 

P. 67. (95) " J great-nt'd montter of ingratUadett' 
Walker {CHt. Exam. &a. toI. L p. 238) qnotea this line aa containing a mia- 
print, " ingratitudei" tor " ingratitude" (whioh Hanmer giTes); and perhaps 
■aeh ia tbe caae: bat it may be meDtioned that in Timon of Athene, act T, 
■c. i. Walker approTea of the emendation, " ingratitudei" for " ingratitude." 
— Mr. Singer (some time after the pablication of bis Shakeipeare, — Notee 
and Queriet tor March 13th, 185B, p. 303, Sec. Series) proposed "A great- 
lii'd mOBter of ingratituda" — a very ingenions oonjectnre 1 with which, 
however, Hr. ArrowBniith mahea himself menj in The Editor of • Notei and 
Queriel,' Sse. p. II. 

P. 67. (96) "At the]/ are done:" 

The <dd edj. baTe " Ai done." (Compare, in the preceding line, " aa IA<ir are 

P. 67. (97) " one ha" 

WaUur, qtuMag iUi paaw«e (Crit. Eittm. ftc. voLlL p. UB), has " but oM." 



P. fi7. (9S) "And leave you Atndmott,'" 

" The qnarto whollj omits the Bimile of the horse, and rendi thas ; 

' And leKT« yoa hindmost [him, most] , then what the; do «t [in] 
present — ' 
The folio seeniB to have some omiesion, for the eimile hegins, 

' Or; like a gaUattt horae^'." Johnsok. — 
" The eonstractioii is. ' Or, like a gallant horse. 3co,, you lie there for psTe- 
ment — ;' the personal pronoon of a preceding line being understood here." 

P. 67. (99) " to tilt abjeel rear," 

Bsnnier's oorreoUoii. — The folio has " to th< abiect, neere." — This dmile is 
not in the quarto. 

P. 67, (100) "veleome" 

The old ads. have "the iteleome." 

P. 67. (loi) " And give to duet, that ti a little gilt. 
More laud than gilt o'er-dtuled. 
The jrreteni eyepraiiet thtpreaent objeel:" 
The old eds. have 'lAnd goe to dvit," Ac. — Theobald printed 
" And give to dust, that is a Utile gUt, 
Miwe laud than they will give to gold, o'ar-dnstod ;" 
" the fonndation of which amendment," he safs, " he owes to Dr. Thirl)^." — 
Bat with ''gilt o'er-duited" compare a line in King Richard II. act ii. so. 1, 

" Wipe off the dyut that hidei our tceptre'i gill ." 
which seenu to forbid the alteration of "gilt" to "gold" in the present pass- 
age, thongh the alteration is approved bj Walker, who [Shakeipeare'e Ver- 
lifieation, &a, p. 102] also recOiamendB the following arrangement ; 
" And give to dtut, that i> a little gilt, 
More laud than gold o'er-duited. The preient eye 
pTaiiet the preitnt olgtci ;" 
an arraiigement which is perhaps the preferable one. 

P. 68. (lOi) " daaghteri." 

A trisyllable hero : see Walker's SItakeipeare'i Veriifieation, fte. p. 307. 

P. 68. (toj) " KnojBi almoit every grain of Plutut' gold ;" 
The qnarto has only 

" Snov>e» aImoi{ every thing." 

The folio has " euery graint of Plutoes gold," as it again has in .JiittiM 

Cstar, act IT. lO. S, " Deerer then PlutoV Mine ;" and in both places "Pinto's" 



mi^t itand ; lor evCD Qie uicieitU themselTeB freqneutlj eonf anmled H^airw, 
the gol of tbe lower irorld, with n\>vrH, the giMl of richei. Bot aince th« ' 
folio haa in Timon of Alhem, i^t i. so. 1, " Flutui the God of Gold," and in 
AU't wcU that tndt leell, Mt v. bo. 3, 

" Flatiu [h mistake for PEutut} hinuelfe, 

That knowes the tinct and mQlUpl;ing med'cine," ica., 

tbe TuiatioD of the name in the present pasgage and in that of Juliiu Cttiar 

maj Borely he attribaled, not to Shakespeare, but to transoriberB or printer*. 

P. 68. (,c^) 

" Kttpt pate ailh thought, and almoat, like the godi, 
Doti thoughtt laiveil in thtir dwab eradiei," &0. 
The old edi. haye " Keepet place leith thought," ic— Virions attempts hare 
been made to amend the second line. — Walker [Shakeipeart'M rtrn/ieotion, 
Ae. p. 39} sajs. " Mj ear seema to dictate the arrangement, 
' Kttjn pace with thought; 
And almoit, lilie the godt, doei thovghtt \mveil 
In their dantb eradlei. 
There t> a mj/iiery,' 4o." — 
Mr. W. N. Lettsom proposea 

"Keep* pace with tit' brain (in- mind), andabnott, like the godt, 
Dau thoughtt xmveil in their dumb eradlet. There's 
J myitery (icftA whom relation 
Durtt never meddle)," So, 

P. 88.(105) "whom" 

Bee note 9}. 

Walker {Crit. Exam. to. vol. i. p. 136) citea an instance of " win" need aa a 
rh/me V) " him" from some Terses addressed to W. Browne. I may add 
that, in the introdnctory lines to the second act of PericUt, "tin" rhyme* to 

P.69. (1Q7) "Sweettrouityouneffi" 

Mr. Collier now rartdy adopts the reading of his Ms. Corrector, " Bwift, rouM 
youreelf." See note 7 1 on The Comedy of Erron, 

P. 69. (108) " Be ihook to air. 

Aohil. Shall AJaxJiffht with Stclorf' 

So the qoarto.— The (olio has " Be ihooke to ayrie ayre ," whioh Mr. Knight 
deliberately adopt*. "The qnarto," he •ays, "has air, withont the Bhak- 
•perian nipeilatiTe" I 



P. AO. (109) " Agamemmm." 

After this word the folia hu "^0.;" which is uat nnnEnkl in old plkji 
printed from the prompter'* book : it aeeniB to meftn th&t the Ktor of the 
part nigtit, it he chose, " epeftk more than was set down for him," — a license 
which aasnredly waa not granted by Shakeapears. 

P. S3, (no) "In human gentUntn" 

The old eds. hare " In hnmane {and hnmaine) gentUntnt." — Walker [Cril. 
Exam. &e. toI. iu. p. 196) oompares Midttanmer-NighVi Dream, act ii. so. 3, 
" in hitman modeitj 
Sneh •eparatioD," &c. 

P. 63. (ill) "Thii U the moit dfipitefal gentle grttting. 
The noblett hateful love," 
The toho has " ThU u the moit deBpigbtful'st gentle," ico.; nhioh Mr. Eni^t 
adopt!, obaerving, " Thia ia the common eonstraction of the age of Sbak- 
apere: the modish reatUng ia deipiteful." Now, it ie tmo enough that 
Bhakespeare, Uke other early writers, freqaeotlj joins " moil" with a snper- 
lative : bnt what Mr, Knight csUb the modern reading happens to he that of 
the qoarto, — and the better one, aa the oontezt ihows. 

P. 68. (ill) 

" Both meriti poii'd, each aeighi nor leu nor more ; 
But he at he, eaek heavier for a ithore," 
The quarto has 

" Both merile poyid, each veighe nor U$ie nor more. 
But he OM he, the htauier/or a lohore," 
The lolio, 

" Both meriti poyt'd, each utight no leue nor aore. 
But he ai he, which heauierfor a uikoTe;" 
where nothing can be plainer than that " which" is a mistake, either of the 
transoriber or printer, for " each." (This emendatioD ooenrred to me long 
before Mr. Collier's Ms. Correotor waa heard of.) 

P. 68. (113) " We'll but commend mhat me intend to telL" 
The old «ds. have " Weele not commend," &a. — I adopt the conjeotnre of 
Zacharj' Jaeksoo; which is perhaps the best method of amending a line in 
which there is manifeBtl; lome oormption. — WarburtoD and Mr. CoUier'a 
Ma. Corrector read " We'll not commend what at intend not lell," an altera- 
tion vhicb Walker (Cril. Exam. Ac. toI. iii p. 197) " fears would be far too 
harah for Sbakeepesre." 

P. 83. (114) "kilV 

" A strong eipreasion this ' kill,' and not digested by modems, for the (our 
latter make leai of it ; bnt of its gensineBCM the word ' attaehmtnf ia ari- 



P. U. (115) "Ai Udttnulu at htU," 

Pope ga<ra " Tedious a* helL" 

P. 64. (116) "ah, poor eapocehio !" 

Th» old eds. haro " a poon ohipoaluB," — " a" being put, k8 it tr«qu«iitl7 lit 
tot "ah." Bo in Petle'B Arraignment of Parit 1 

••A Colin thoa art ftU deceiaed," &e. Big. C iL ed. 16M. 

" A TeuDB, bnt tor tenerenoe," Ae. Id. ibid. 

" A well ia ibe hath Colin vomie," &o. Id. Sig. C iiL 
(Semral editors print " capocchia ;" bnt wiongly, if the term is to be eon- 
Eiderod aa Italian, and as meaning limpUtoa; though an ed. of Baretti'a 
Hal. Diet, is now before me, in which "eapoecKio" is given as an adjte- 
live. The word "oapocchia" signifleB the laieb of a ttiek, and — somethiDg 

P. 6*. (117) " fcnocVd i' (V head!—" 

This (the reading both of the qnarto and the folio) has been altered to 
" inocA'd o' the heaiC' by editors who forgot that formerly in was often 

P.aB.(ii8) "Wbor 

Theobald prints "Pho," 

P. «e. (>.,) 

" Qood, good, ny lord; the teerett of taiitn 
Bave not more gift in taciturnity." 
80 the folio. — The qnarto hoi 

The leading of the folio (thongh Mr. Collier'^ Mb. Correoior and others 
have tampered with it) is donbtless right, — "teerett" being used here a* a 
trisTllable : aee ShaketpeaTe't Venijieatian, &a. p. 10, by Walker, who diet 
the following among other passages ; 

" Whether thon wilt be iteret in this." 

Marlowe'B Edieard II.;—WoTkt, p. 331, ed. Dyoe, 1869. 
" Taah, that's a lecret ; we east alt waters." 

Middlflton's Fair QuaTTcl,—lForks, toL iii, p. 499, ed. Dyee. 
" Bat yon mnat ewear to keep it leeret." 

Jonson'a Stjanai, — Workt.vol.. iii. p. lU, od. Glflind. — 
186S. To the ahave examples may be added ; 
" Bid him be merry still, bnt leeret." 

Xyd'i Bpaitith Trtfedy, Big. F, ed. 1616. 



P. 67. (iio) "Coma fiat upon ;—^ood tay brotluT TroiUu," 

CftpeU printed " Comti fait uptm ; now, good my brother Troilui .-" and in hii 
Notes, etc. he oddly bat tcaly gpflaks of " conui /att upon" bb an " antiqnar; 
eipresBion," and adds that " the Terva'e snppleniEDt hitherto has been *fatt 
vpon DB.' " Vd. ii P. It. p. 132. 

P. 67. (ill) "Ah, tvm dvckiJ" 

So theqiuuto {"a [I.e. ah: Be« tu)t« ii6} imeete diufti"). — Tfae folio has "a 
tweet daake." Bnt the plural it right : Pandanii, seeing the larera embrace 
(whloh,fTomhianait speech, it is eTidsDt they do), oalla them "eweet dnohB," 
— al, presently, he nails them " lambs." 

P. 68. (Ill) "O" 

Not in iho old ed«. 

P. 68. (ii]) " Beeauie th<m eantt noteaie thy nuart 
By frieadihip nor by tptahing." 
TMb, it mnfit be confessed, reads oddly. —Mr. Collier's Ms. Conector snb- 

stitates "By silence nor by tpeaking," 

P. 69. (ii+t '•Greeiantr 

Mr.W. N. Lettsom, on acooont of what follows, would read "Gteeks." 

P. 69. (115) " When thaU tee tee again!" 

In Cymbeline, act i. so. 1, Imogen addresses the very same words to Post- 
hnmns. — See note i zi on lieaiure for Meature, and note a on Kittg Henry 

P. 68. (1.6) 

"The Greeian j/outht are full of quality ; 

They're Uming, Kill eompoi'd aich giftt of nature. 
And laellivg o'er with arti and extrcite ." 
The qnarto has only 

"The Orecian yoatht are fult of quality. 
And tviiUing ore aith artt and extrcite." 
Tb» toUo has 

"The Grecian youtht are full of quatitie. 
Their louing aelt eompoi'd, with gnift of nature. 
Flawing and iwelling ore with Arti and exereiti ;" 
where " Flawing" (a misprint for " Flowing") and " ewelHng" are sorely 
varia Uetionet : earlier in this play a double reading has crept into the text 
of the old ooples; lee note S8. — Bnt Hr. W. N. Lettsom "entirely diffbn 


xons.] AND CBESSIDA. 131 

trmn thoee vha think that either ' flowing' or ' itDeUijtg' vaa intended to be 
fnneelled." He wonld read and arrange (nettrl; with the folio), 
" They're loTing, well oompos'd with gifta of aatore ; 
Flowing, swelling o'er, with arte and exerdae :" 
And he adds that " ' Flnwing^ is here a monosyllable, and 'txereitt' aploral;" 
and that "'twelling o'er' BtieugthenB 'Floming;' lot tbe metaphor is taken 
from rtTers, which, if thej are of any oongeqnence, tlwe-jn fioa, bat only 
oooaaiiinally netU over their banks." 

P. 70. {1*7)' " thtir chaagefiil poteney." 

Ur. Collier's Ms, Corrector, tntimttn^ a word, reads "their ohaiulnlj'atoiey," 
from which reading (thongh statker nonsense was nevet pat on paper) Mr. 
Collier, eqaallj ttptraiSt, oontriTSB to elicit a meaning, — " their potency to 
bold as with a chain." — Bat may not the iHA reading be explained " their 
potency which is eabjeot to Taciation, and therefore imperfect, and not to 
be raahly relied on" f 

P.70.(iag) " Entreat her Jair ; and, by my tout, fair Oreek," 
" Wrong, 1 tbink ; ' jaW oocnrs again four and sereD lines below." Walker's 
Cril. Exan. &e. toL i. p. 298. 

P. 70, (130) "teal" 

The old eds. have " seale ;" which is defended by Heath (who altogether mis- 
nndetstands the passage), and is retained by Mr. GtJlier and Mr. Knight; 
by tbe former, without any remark, — by the latter with a note which, to me 
at least, is nnintalligible.— l36fi. Mr. Collier now reads, with' his Ms. Coirec- 

P. 71. (131) "PU atuuerlomytrnti" 

A Tsr; donbtfol reading. — Ur. W. N. Lettsom conjeotnree "PU atuwer to 
thy luit," Le. I'U answer you in any way yon please. — Hare Mr. Stannton 
lemarks, "'Liu(,'ioits ancient sense off l«anir«, is intelligible; bnt it looks 
laj like a misprint for ' triMt.' " 

P. 71. (131) "I'tV 

The quarto has " I." — Bee note 10 on ^ MUUammer-Night'i Dream, and note 
17 on Sinff Henry YIII. 

P. 71. (133) "Dei." 

Her* the folio has the prefix "Dio." — This is not la the qnarto. 



P. 71. (134) 

"Hert art thoa in ofipointiiieM frtih a)nd fair. 

Anticipating tine with lEarefnj; eotaage. 
Oivt tril'i CAy trumpet a iovd note to Troy" 
In the old adi. tbe pugaga sUnds thm, 

"Pere art (ftou in appointment fruh andfairt, 
Antieipatiiig time. With stuiing eonnge, 
Giue Kilh thy trumpet," &e. ; 
uid BO it Btands in the eda. ol Mr. Eoittht and Mf. Collier, — the formei 
olwerving on it; " FerhapB. ail thing* aongidered, there never vm a book 
io oorraetl; printed &B tbe first folio of Bbtkepere. If it had been repiintad, 
irith a literal attention to the panellation even, np to tbe preeent hoar, ire 
Bboold have a better eop7 than England poBBeaaea in a hnndred ahapet. Wb 
HtTB IN iNeiANCi BiTOBB uB." Several other InstanoeB eiactlj parallel 
ot the eorreet pimetuation of the firit folio mi^t be eaail; adduced : I bIuUI 
onlj cit« two ; 

"Hot. Renolted Mortimer T 
He nener did fall off, mj Sonerugne IJege, 
Bnt by tbe ohanoe of Wane : to prone that tme. 
Need* no ?n«™ but ont tongue. For ail thoie Woatide, 
Those moathed T^onnds, vhicb valiantly he tooke," ico. 

Firat Part of Henry IV. aet i. M. 8. 
•' Grif. This CardiaaU, 
Though from an bumlde Stooke, vndonbtedly 
WoM faehion'd to much Honor. From hit Cradie 
He wae a, Soholler, and « ripe, and good one." 

Benry VIII. mot iv. »o. 3, 

P. 78. (135) "Men." 

The old eda. h&ve " Patr.;" irrongly, as Tyrwhitt ww. 

P.78. (ij6) "do." 

I have added thii word for the aake of the rhyme, feeling quite oonfldent 
that a rhyme was Intended here. — Jidmton'R proposed addition waB " two." 

P. 73. (137) "accotling" 

80 Mason (and 10 Walter ; " Certainly ' aecotting,' " Crit. £zan. fto. vol. iii. 
p. 199). — Tbe oltl eds. have " a coasting." 

P. 74. (138) "yoaiUUt" 

Bo the folio. — The qaarto baa " the itate." — Bnt (though we have previously 
had "this noble itate,'' i.e. "these personages ol high rank," p. 89), I 
strongly BUBpeot that Bhakespeare wrote here "you [or "ye") states;" the 
plural being formerly very ooBUCon is tbe sense of " noUli^." - 



F. 71. (139) "command! f 

'WMlker [Cril.Exam. fto. toI. ii. p. 66) wys; "I think Bhakesiraue wrote 

* cTovna ;' wMoh to k oBrelsBB eje, like tix&t of the pzinter, might look like 

* cominandi.' " 

P. 74.(140) "Aohil." 

The old eda. h&Te " Aga." 

P. 76. (14.1) " Nor dign^flet an Inqntr* thought aith briath ." 

Theqnartohae " animpus Ihoughl," lea.; the folio, " on unp«ire 

thought," Sec. — Johnson taw that here " impure" nas the trne reading, bat 
he forbore to make an; change, being " OTerpowered bj the anmiiiiit; of the 
editors and ooncnrreuae of the old copies." — -Next comes BtesTeoB, whose 
note in defence of " impair" rnns thas ; " So, in Chapman's Prefaoe (0 his 
translation of the Shield of Homer, 1696: 'nor is it more impaire to an 
honest and absolDte man,' £0." But it happens that the passage irhioh 
BtecTens has cited, and which I now sabjoin entire, is nothing to the par- 
pose, tor in it " empaire" is a si;BSTANTiTB,~-Bot, as he sapposed, and aa he 
bsB mialed even Nores, Todd, and Bicbudson to sQppose, an adjective ; 
•• To the TnderBtandar. 
" Yon are not enery bodie, to yon (as to one of my TCry few Mends) I 
may be bold to vtter my minde, nor is it more empaire [i.«. impair, impair- 
ment] to an honest and absolute mans Bofficiancie to hane few triendes, then 
to an Uomericall Poeme to hane few oommendars, for neythei doe coaunon 
dispositions keepe fltte or p lansible conaort with iadioiall and simple hones- 
tie, nor are idle capacitiea compTeheBBible of an elaborate Poems." AehilU»' 
ShUld, 1698, sig. B. 

In my liemarki an Mr. Collier'i and Mr. Kidght'i editiom of Shake- 
tpeare, p. 156, I pointed oat this nnfortanate mistake oE Staefans : yat Mr. 
Collier, in the sec. ed. of bis Shakespeare, 1858, persists in retaining the 
lection "an impair thought," nbich he explains "a thonght ntiwoctby of 
him, nol eqaal to him ;" nay, declares that " the very passage" which 1 have 
qnoted from AchilUi' Shield " prores me to be wrong," I therefore snb- 
join three other passages cA Chapman, in which sorely Hr. Collier will not 
Tentnre to deny that " empaire" is a bubstantivi ; 

" Onaly the eitraame false printing troables my oonscience, for feare of 
joor desemed disconragement in the empaire of our Poets eweetness ; whoae 
generall dininitie of spirit, clad in my willing labours (enoiona of none, nor 
detracting any) I commit to yoar good natnre and solid capacitie." 

" To the Vnderstander,"— .icAiifri' Shield, 1598, sig. B B. 
"And Qod, that yat nanar let me line, I know will nener let me die, an 
empaire to any friend." 

Epistle Dedicatoiie to An Epicede, &c. on Prince Henry, 1613. 
" Blow, blow, sweet windes, O blow away 
Al Taponrs from the fined ayre ; 
That to this golden head no ra; 

May langniah with the least empaire." 
Matqv» of the Middle Temple and Lincobft Imi, 1618, ilf . D 8.— 



Shftkeipeue, of oonrte, is not singnlar in tnaldiig the »e«eDt ttH on th« 
firat BjUkble of " impure :" compare » line in Lord Stirling's Tragtdie of 

"Nor toBar impure tkoughu iostaiaei^mmie." Big. O, ed. 1604. 

P. 76. (141) "oldeeU!" 

Altered b; Mr. CoUier'a Ms. Corrector to " abjacta." 

P. 76, (143) " Bt drainid.' Let" 

Walker (Grit. Exam. &o. Tol. iii. p. 200) ooDJectnreB "Be draiaid forth" 
(or "<rat,"— as Capell gave).— I strongly Baepcct that the poet wrote "Be 
drainid ! O, let." — (Both the qnarto and the folio have " dratneil," not 
" drain'd.") 

P. 78. (144) " HeoptoUnau" 

Was expanded into " Neoptoletma' sire" by Warbnrton. Bnt most probably, 
as Johnson observes, " the anthor, remembering that the son was Pprhas 
KeoptolemnB, considered Neoptolemns as the nonten gtntilitium, and tboaght 
the father was liketrise AduUes Neoptolemas." — Steevens shows that in a 
poem by Wilfrid Holme, Tfce Foil and EMI Succeae of Eebellion, &o. 1673, 
the same mistake oocars. 

P. 78. (145) ••thour— 

TjTwhitt wonld read " though."— Walker {Crit. Exam. tic. vol. iii. p. 201) 
ecnjeotnres " there" (i.e. in that matter). 

P. 79. (146) " ahethtr there, or there, or there J" 

Here "whether" is to be read (as it is freqaently written in Shakespeare) 

P. 61. (147) "advertity!" 

" I believo in this instance signifies emtrarietn. The reply of Thenitee baa 
been stndiously advene to the drift of the qneation urged by Patroelns." 
Btbbyems. — " Wa feel assured that Shakespeare wrote 'pervertity,' and 
that in some way, either by the copyist or printer, the preposition became 
changed." Coijjeb. 

P. 81. (148) "truile varUt." 

Here and in the neit speech both the quarto and the folio have "male 
varlot;" which was altered in the fourth folio to "male varlet."—" &ix T. 
Hanmer reada 'male harlot,' plaasibly enough, except that it seems too 
plain to require the explanation which Patroclus demands." Johneoh. — 
"Some editors have seriously proposed to read 'male harlot,' not being 
aware that the former word often represented the latter one : thus. In 
Middleton'B 'Roaring Girl,' Act i. Sc. I, ' She's a varlet.' In Deeper and 
Mlddleton's play called ' The Honest Whore,' Act i. So. 10, we have, indeed, 
the very eipresBian of the text, 

' 'tis a niale varlet sore, my lord,' " HTicirroH.— 



I donbt if In the nbove-eited paaMge of The Roaring Girl (Hiddleton'a 
JForIa, vol. ii. p. 447. ei. Djce) "varUt" be an; thing more thaii a genenU 
(erm of teproacb. As for the puisage of The Honeit Whore (Middletoa's 
Worke, «oI iii. p. TT), vhicb Mr. Btauntun addnoeB, and which.irss originally 
quoted bj Farmer, I ran only say that if " malt varltt" be used there M 
equivalent to anuuitu (which is b; no meana certain], the passage is rightly 
brought forward in iUnBtratiou of that in TroUv* and Creiiida, I enbjoin 
it ; having Qnt to notice that the person vho oecaaionB the dialogne ia a 
temsle,^ — Bellafront, in the diHguise of a page ; 

" Ser. Here'a a person [pareoo] woold epeak with jon, sir. 

Hip. Haht 

Ser. A parson, lir, would speak with jon. 

Hip. Tioarf 

Ser. Tioar I no, sir, liaa too good a tnee to be a vioar yet ; a youth, a 

Hip. What yonth f ol man or woman 1 look the doors. 

Ser. It it be a woman, marrow-boneB and potato-piea keep me from 
meddling with her, tor the thing has got the breeches t 'tis a male varUt 
■nre, iny lord, for a woman'B tailor ne'er meaanred him," fto. 

I may oonolode this nnaattsfaotory note by obserring that Home Tooke 
oonlideTB varlet to be the same word as harlot, the aspirate being ohanged 

P. 81. (149) " diteoveriei ."' 

Hanmer fobstitntai " debancheries ; " Mr. Collier's Ms. Correotor, "^aoo- 
lonrors" (1). — " Singer, I think, is right in reading < ditcoverm ;' bat surely 
• diietweren' with the epithet ' prepoiterma' can mean nothing but 'mason- 
line whores.' Compare Iiaiah Ivii. B 1 ' Thon hast discorered thyself to an- 
other than me.' " W. N. Lbttbom.— Qy. is " diicoveriei" the abstract for the 
ooDcrsie r see note 141 on Love'i Labom-'i loit. 

P. S3, (i jo) "oblique" 

" ■ Antique,^ I think" [which Hanmer printed] . Walker's Crit. Exam. Ac. Tid. 

P. 63. [iji] " Sweet draught: raeet, quoth 'a.' mieet link," 

" Bather, ' Sweat, qaoth 'a 1 sweet draught, sweet sink.' " Walker's Crit. 
Exam. Ac. Tol. iii. p. 303. 

P. 86. (151) "Na]i, do not match it/rom vu 

In the old edi. thia ii giren, by mistake, to " Dio." 

P. 98. {1 53) " conduce" 

m* very donbtfnl raadiug was altered to " oommenoe" by Bowe. 



P. 88. (15+) "Jriaehne't" 

80 the folio. — The qaarto has "Aiisehna'a" and (in Mine oopiea) "Ariath- 
Dft'e." — There wema to be Uttle doubt that Shakespeare wrote the name 

P.B8.(iS5) '• The fraetiont of her faith 

Of her o'er-eaten faith," 
" Qa. ' o'er-eaten truth' or ' troth' t" Walkei'a CHi. Exam. Ao. toL L p. 998, 

P. 88. (156) "May worthy Trotlui be bat half attack'^' 
Bo Walker: see his Shakttpeare't Verii/lcation, Ao. p. 16G, and his Crit. 
Exam, Sco, toI. ii. p. 2fll. — The old eds. omit " but" (which omisidon makea 
" Troibu" — ^wbat it nerer is in BhakespeaTe— a triaylUhle). 

P. 88. (157) "atmuehoMldo Creiiid love," 
Theqnartohaa "a* mvcA I do Creiiid t<me," &c.; the folio, "at much I doe 
Crsaeida hue," Ac. ; the eecond folio, " at much at I dot Crewida love," Ae. — 
Hr. W. N. LettBom vonld read " At much at I did Crenid tone." 

P. 89. {ijg) "to-day" 
Tba old eds. have " to the day" (at whioh Ualone and othen spprore I). 

P.90.(i59) "And. 0, be pertuaded.' do not eountit koly 

To hurt by being jiut : it it at lavifvi. 

For lee would give much, to ute violent tkeftt. 

And rob in the behalf of eharily." 
The laat three linei are not in the quarto ; " the compositor's eye," as Halone 
obaerret, *' hariag probabl; passed over thom ; in coneeqaenoe of wbioh the 
next speech of Caaaandra ia in tbat cop; given to Andromache, and joined 
nrith the first line of this."— -The folio has 

" And, O be periaadtd, doc not count it holy. 

To hurt by being iutt; it it at latcfult: 

For v>e fBOvld coant giuc natch to as violent theftt. 

And rob in the behalf e of charilie." — 
In the third line I adopt the emendation ol TTnrhitt, vho no donbt ie right 
In s^ing tbst the word "count" crept in from the preceding line bnt one. 
— The more recent attempt* to mend the passage are not worth coBsidering. 
—Mr. Enigbt and Mr. Collier, who giie each a new alteration, object to 
the expression intiodaced by Tjrwhitt, " utt thtftt," calling it " clearly not 
Bhakespearian'' and " awkward." It certainly does not ocoar elsewhere in 
Bhakespeare ; bat Middleton (no mean master of langasi^e] bas 

" Is it enough to uan adalteroas tbirb," be. 

Women bevare Women, — Worhi, iv. 631, ed. Djoe, 



P. 90. (160) " Lift tetry man holdt dear; but the bravtTiUM 
Holdi honour far more prtciaat-dear than lift," 
The old eds. have " — bat tht deera -nan," Ao. — " No other word than ' braxt' 
will &t the sentenoe ; and Bo Pope, and all following editors, read, till Johnaon 
(I think it waa he) Testored dear." Walher'e CHt. Exam. ftn. vol, i. p. 394. 

P. 90. (t6i) " When many timti tht taptive Orteiant fall. 

You Md thttn rUt, and liet." 
The old«da.baT« " theeaptive Orecian talla," &o. 

P. 90. (i6a) " Even in tht fan and wind of yotir fair ttimrd, 

Heot. O, 'ti* fair play." 
Walker(e:r{t. Exum.Afl. vol. 1. p. 2g8}obHerTeg; "'Fair' ^ the first of Umm 
linei] has a apeoionB look ; hnt is quite ant of place. 'B*^ 'fitrte:' fairt — 
fitree or f tine." — Ib the tme reading "fell award" f Compare Hamltt, act ii. 

" Bat with the whiff and wind of hii ftll tword 
Th' nnnerrtd father lalla." 

P. 90. { I S3) "The" 

Hr. W. N. Lettwnn wonld read '■ Theu ;" ud rightlf, I aiup«ot. 

P. 91. (164) "nUhfalviOT\, rtin thtm from r»th." 
Walker [Crit, Exam. Ao. toL i. p. 399] oonjeotnrM " desthfnl work," &e. 

P. 91. (i6s) " Hector," 
Ut. W. N. LettKom propoBss " Naj, Hector." 

P. 91. (166) "Lay hold t^on him, Priam, hold him fatt:" 
Walker {Crit Exam. ie. vol. i. p. 299) would read "-Lay hand t^on bin," *a. 

P. 93. (167) "Suttdi^ another vith h«r deeds." 
After thia line the folio haa 

" PaniJ. Whj, but heare yon T 
Troy. Hence brother lackle ; ignomie and ahame 
Parsae thy life, and line aye with thy name. 

A Lamm. Exeunt." — 

" The two laat lines {with a similar introdnction by Pandama [and " broker" 
ri^tl; (nbatitnted for " brother"] ) are alio lonnd jiiBt betOTe the oloie of 
the pli?: tbey oannot be rightlj Inserted In both plaoei, and aa ihej ae«m 



to come in with at lesit equal propriety, and with the eorreotioB of a mis- 
print, inbseqneDtlr, vs have given them in that place, and omitt^ them 
hwe." Collier. — But Walker, differing irhollj from Mr. Collier, obierrea ; 
" This ia the proper place for these two Epeeches ; for without them the scene 
endi abrnptlj : and, on the othei hand, the conclnding lines of Troilns'a 
(peech, T. 10, — 

' Strike a free march to Troj I — with comfort go : 
Hope of revenge ahall hide oar inward woe,' — 
are evident!; the oonclnding lines of the play itaelf : the mind of the reader 
ia fully satisfied, and any thing additional sannds like an impertineace and 
obtrnBion, — an extra note after tlie harmony is completed. Besides, after 
what had passed, is it conceivable that Pandams's disgrace ahonld have been 
pat off to the end of the play t Pandaras'a epilogne mnet, therefore, be an in- 
terpolstion. (Bince I wrote this, I have discovered that fiteevene also tbooght 
that the play ended here.) Perhaps the words from 'A goodly nudietn^ to 
'painted clolhi' onght to be added to the end of v. S. Troilas strikes Pan- 
daroe, or pnsbea him violently from him." Crtl. Exam. Ac. vol. iii. p. 203. 

V. BS. (i6!) " nceartng" 

Theobald snbetitntad " sneering." 

V. 98. (169) '• 6<^«" 

The old eda. have " began." 

P. 03. (170) " the lUevtUti ."' 

80 Hr. Collier's Ma. CoTTcetor. — The old eda. have " th« ileeoe." 

"J have chattit'd" 

P. 9S. (17a) "lAow thy face;" 

Qy. " and ihow thy faee"f 

P.98.(i7j) ■•(**" 

The old eda. have " thy." 

P. 98. (174) " I irill Rof look upon." 

" That is (aa wo ahonld now speak), I will not be a lootrtr-on." Miloki. 
—Sea note iii on The Wimer't Tale. 

P. 96. (175) " I would have been much more a frtiha- man," 

" Qn. ' a VMch more fresher man'?" Walker's CHu Exam. bo. vol. iL 




P. 97. (.76) 

"Bo," sajB Mr. CoUler, "the 4to belonging to tbe Duke of Deronahire. ■ . . 
This Blight Tnriatioii in the copieg [some oopieB having ' armea,' and the folio 
'tvtne*] makaB tHear $, paaBOge ahick gavt the commentaton lonu trouhle;" 
Hr. Collier flvidently not knowing that here Capell priuted " aimt." 

P. 88. (177) "6ait," 

Bo the qntrto (" bail" meaning, of oonree, refreshinent}. — The folio ha* 
"bed;" for which oooEeDBe the editor of the leoond folio (who moet probably 
never looked into the quarto) inbstitnted " hitt," Ac. : the two later foUoB 
have " bit." 

P. 69. (178) "Aft" 

Ht. W. N. Lettsom conjeetnreB " thii." 

P. 99. (179) "smite oH Troy"iko. 

Bo Hanmer (whose pnnatiiBtion is, 

"$mile all Troy 
I lay at once; Ut your brief plagva bt mercy," tie.). — 
The old eds. have "amile at Troy," Ao. (In KingHtnry V. act ii. so. 1, Ttd. ir. 
p. 434, we have had "rmitti" miBprinted " emileB :" in Coriolamu, act L 
M. 1, the folio has " wold al the rest wer so ;" and in note 14.1 on the 
present play is a quotation from a maiqne bj Chapman in vbioh " All" ia 
(pelt " Al ;" a spelling that might eaBily be normpted into " At" bj a Boiibe 
or oompositor.) — Mr. W. N. Lettsom (Prefaoe to Walker's Crit. Exaia. Sio. 
p. uiii.) obserfes; '" SmiU,' no doabt. ia nonsense, and the words ' I say at 
onoe' are awkward, whether we take them with what goes before, or with 
what comes after. Perhaps we might reasonably read, partly with Hanmer, 
' Sit, gods, upon yonr thrones, and imiU all Troj, 
Ay, tUiy at once ; let,' ±a. 
' Ay' is almost always spelt ' r in the old copies.' ' 

P. 100. (igo) "fretuy thmighf" 
The old eda. have " frieues [and frensiea) Ibonght*." 

P. 100. (181} "StHie afree mareh." &o. 

P. 100. (lix) " Some gtUUd gooit 0/ WincluiltT" 
See Qloesary in " Winekater goote." — Commenting on theee words, in the 
seoond edition of his 5Aalt<t)Mar«, 18S8, Hr. Collier goes ont ofhis way totax 
me wiOi error, as follows 1 " The ordinary tenu for a vioUm to sharpers and 
perwna of that olaas, in the time of Shakaspeaie and afterwards, wu, m 


180 TROILtrB AKD CBEBSIDA. [voni. 

CTerjF bodj knowB, giM, Bm b pMsdge in Hlddleton's ' Miahmelnut Term,' 
A. m. U). i (Work* br Djoe, t. 477), in irhioli, by bq odd blonder, ■ nmreT 1b 
called • 'gnll' iuBtMclof affoU.- the person ao deeignkted wm the gall tai 
■anoyuiae, not ' the gnll of the dty.' " What an " odd blonder" Mr. Odlier 
hinuell oommita here I The paseage U; "I miiBt tell toq tbia, ;oa hare 
fell into the handaot % moat mercileBB deTonrer, the verjfruUs' theoit;, fto.;" 
and the context " deToorer" prorea Uuit "fvU" ia perfeotly righL The tol- 
loiring extract from Todd'a Johnton't DielUntary is partjcalarlj reoonimended 
to the notiee ot Hr. Collier; "Ouij- — S. A aett-biid [mtrfm, Ptobahlrfram 
fMlo, M tlie Urd ia a voratioiu fttdtr]." 






FmsT printed In the folio of ISas.— It la prared by the stjle to have been 
one of the anthor's UtMt oompodtionB : Mcoitting to Halone, ft vm writtMi 
in 1610. — N<«th'i Flutareh (truulated from the Franoh of Amiot) lapplied 
Bhalcetpeue with the inddentc, uid indeed irith mnch of the wmding, <d 

this tngedf . 



Chub Huumts, ifterwuda Ouns Uaxcidb CowoLuroa, 
a Doble Boman. 

Timi LlBTICB. 1^,,^ .^^t jt^ VolMiMI.. 

Hensmiuh AaKiFFi, friend to Coriolftniu. 

Bicnrtui Tihttob. 1 tribune, of the people. 

Jdhici Bsmci, J 

Taang Uuiciui, wm to Coriolftnoi. 

A Somui Henld. 

TUI.LCB AuTiDiDB, gene»J cf the Tolwiiijii. 

laeataUBiit to Anfldini. 

ConipirkiOFa with Anfldina. 

A Citiuti of Antinm. 

Two Vobdiii OQwda. 

ToLOMHU, mother to Cnrioluiiu. 
TmaiLu, wife to Gorioluiiu. 
Tu-BKU, Mend to yirgili&. 
Oentlewomui attending on Tirgilia. 
imsn «nd Tolwdu) Senaton, Pktriciuu, £dileB. Uoton, Soldlen, Citixei 
Hesaengen , Serranti to Anflditui, end other Attendants. 

Soasi — ParOg Bome and itt ntighboarltood ; portly CorioU and ft* 
ntighbavrhood ; and partly Antiu/m. 



SosNB I. Rome. A atreet. 

Enter a company ofmuttnow Citizens, vriih ttavet, cbtbt, and other 

Fint Cit. Before we proceed ttny farther, hear me speak. 

Citizens. Speak, speak. 

Firat Cit. Too are all resolved rather to die than to fam- 

Citieent. Besolyed, resoWed. 

Firat Cit. First, yon know Caias MaroinB is chief enemy 
to the people. 

CitizeTU. We know't, we know't. 

Fint Cit. Let ns kill him, and we'll have com at oar own 
price. Is't a verdict ? 

Citizens. No more talking on't ; let it be done : away, 

Sec. Cit. One word, good citizena. 

First Cit. We are accounted poor citizens; the patriciuis, 
good. What authority surfeits on wonld relieye ns : if they 
woald yield us bat the saperflnity, while it were wholesome, 
we might goess they relieved ne hnmanely; bot they think we 
we too dear : the leanness that afflicts ns, the object"' of our 
misery, is as an inventory to particnlarize their abundance ; 
onr BnfTerance is a gain to them. — ^Let us revenge this with 
onr pikes, ere we become rakes : for the gods know I speak 
this in hunger for bread, not in thirst for revenge. 

See. Cit. Wonld yon proceed especially against Cains Mar- 


ise CORIOLANTJS. [aot i. 

Citizens. Against him first :"' he'e a very dog to the com- 

Sec. Cit. Consider yoa what serriceB he has done for his 
conntty ? 

First Cit. Tery well ; and conid be content to give him 
good report for't, but that he paya himself with being proud. 

See. Cit, Nay, but speak not maliciouBly.'*' 

First Cit. I say unto you, what he hath done famously, 
he did it to that end : though soft-con scienced men can be 
content to say it was for his country, he did it to please hie 
mother, and to be partly'^ proud ; which he is, even to the 
altitude of his virtue. 

Sec. Cit. What he cannot help in his nature, you account 
a Tiee in him. You must in no way say he is covetous. 

First Cit. If I must, not, I need not be barren of acca- 
satione; be hath faults, with snrpluB, to tire in repetition. 
[^Shouts within.'] What shouts are these ? The other side o' 
the city is risen : why stay we prating here ? to the Capitol ! 

Citizens. Come, come. 

First Cit. Soft ! who comes here ? 

Sec. Cit. Worthy Menenius Agrippa; one that hath al- 
ways loved the people. 

First Cit. He's one honest enough : would all the rest 
were sot 

Enter Menbkiub Aqrifpa. 

Men. What work's, my conntrymen, in hand ? where go 
With bats and dabs ? the matter ? speak, I pray you. 

First Cit. Our business*" is not unknown to the senate ; 
they have had inkling, this fortnight, what we intend to do, 
which now we'll show 'em in deeds. They say poor suitors 
have strong breaths ; they shall know we have strong arms 

Men. Why, masters, my good friends, mine honest neigh- 
Will yon undo yourselves ? 

First Cit. We cannot, sir; we are undone already. 

Men. I tell you, friends, most charitable care 
Have the patricians of you. For your wants. 
Your BufTering in this dearth, you may as well 



Strike at the heaven vitb yoor etaves ae lift them 
Against the Boman state ; whose coarse will on 
The way it takes, cracking ten tbonsand curbs 
Of more strong link asnnder than can ever 
Appear in your impediment : for the dearth. 
The gods, not the patricians, make it ; and 
Tear knees to them, not arms, mast help. Alack, 
You are transported by calamity 
Thither where more attends yon ; and yon slander 
The helms o' the state, who care for yon like fathers, 
When yon cnrse them as enemies. 

Firtt Cit. Care for us ! True, indeed I They ne'er cared 
for ns yet : — snffer as to famish, and their store-houses cram- 
med with grain ; make edicts for usury, to support asnrers ; 
Tepeal daily any wholesome act estabHshed against the rich ; 
and provide more piercing statutes daily, to chain np and 
restrain the poor. If the wars eai us not up, they will ; and 
there's all the love they bear us. 

Men- Either yon must 
Confess yourselves wondrous malicious. 
Or be accns'd of folly. I shall tell you 
A pretty tale : it may be you have heard it ; 
But, since it serves my purpose, I will venture 
To stale 't"" a little more. 

Firgt Cit. Well, I'll hear it, sir ; yet you must not think 
to fob-off our disgrace with a tale : but, an 't please you, de- 

Men. There was a time when all the body's members 
Bebell'd against the belly ; thus accns'd it : — 
That only like a gulf it did remain 
r the midst o' the body, idle and nnactive, 
Still cupboarding the via^d, never bearing 
Like labour with the rest ; where th' other instruments 
Did see and hear, devise, instruct, walk, feel. 
And, mutually participate, did minister 
Unto the appetite and affection common 
Of the whole body. The belly answer'd, — 

Firtt Cit. Well, sir, 

What answer made the belly ? 

Men. Sir, I shall tell you. — With a kind of smile, 


188 COalOLAHUS. [wn I. 

Wliich ne'er came from the longB, bat even thaa — 

For, look yon, I may make the belly smile 

Ab well as speak — it taantingiy replied 

To the discontented members, the mntinons puts 

That envied his receipt; even bo most fitly 

As yoa malign our senators for that 

They are not snch as yon. 

First at. Yonr belly's answer ? What I 

The Mngly-crown&d head,*"' the vigilant eye, 
The connsellor heart, the arm onr soldier, 
Onr steed the leg, the tongue our trnmpeter, 
With other muniments and petty helps 
In this onr fabric, if that they — 

Men. What then ?— 

Tore me, this fellow speaks ! — what then ? what then ? 

First Cit. Should by the cormorant belly be restrsin'd, 
Who is the sink o' the body, — 

Men. Well, what then ? 

Fint Cit. The former agents,*' if they did complain. 
What could the belly answer ? 

Men. I will tell yoa ; 

If you'll bestow a small — of what you've little — 
Patience awhile, you'll""' hear the belly's answer. 

First Cit. Ye're long about it. 

Men. Note me this, good friend ; 

Yonr most grave belly was deliberate. 
Not rash like his accusers, and thns answer'd : 
" True is it, my incorporate friends," quoth he, 
" That I receive the general food at first. 
Which you do live upon ; and fit it is, 
Because I am the store-house and the shop 
Of the whole body : but, if you do remember, 
I send it°" throagh the rivers of your blood, 
Even to the coort, the heart, — to the seat o' the brain ; 
And, through the cranks and offices of man, 
The strongest nerves and small inferior veins 
From me receive that natural competency 
Whereby they live : and though that all at once. 
You, my good friends," — this says the belly, mark mo, — 

Firtt Cit. Ay, sir ; well, well. 


mmm i.] COBIOLANDa. 1S» 

Men. " Thoagli all at onoe can not 

See what I do deliver oat to each, 
Yet I can make m; andit ap, that all 
From tne do back receive the flonr of all. 
And leave me bat the bran." — What say yoa to't? 

First Cit. It was an answer : how apply yon this ? 

Men. The senators of Kome are this good belly, 
And yoa the matinoas members : for, examine 
Their counsels and their caros ; digest"^' things rightly 
Tonching the weal o' the common, yon shall find 
No public benefit which yon receive 
Bat it proceeds or comes from them to yoa. 
And no way from yoarselves. — What do yon Uiink, — 
Yon, the great toe of this assdmbly ? 

Mnt Cit. I the great toe ! why the great toe ? 

Men. For that, being one o' the lowest, basest, poorest, 
Of this most wise rebellion, thon go'st foremost : 
Thoa rascal, that art worst in blood to ran,"^ 
Lead'st first to win some vantage. — 
Bnt make yon raady yonr stiff bats and clabs : 
Borne and her rata are at the point of battle ; 
The one side mast have bale. 

Ihiter Caiub Maroiub. 

Hsil, noble Marcias 1 

MaT. Thanks. — What's the matter, yon dissentionsrogaes. 
That, robbing the poor itch of your opinion, 
Make yonrselves scabs ? 

First Cit. We have ever yonr good word. 

Mar. He that will give good words to ye will fiatter 
Beneath abhorring. What woold yon have, you cars,'*** 
That like nor peace nor war ? the one afi'rights you, 
The other makes yoa proad. He that tmsts to yoa. 
Where he shoold find yoa lions, finds yon hares ; 
Where foxes, geese ; yoa are no surer, no, 
Than is the coal of fire upon the ice, 
Or hailstone in the son. Yonr virtue is. 
To make him worthy whose offence eubdnes him. 
And curse that justice did it Who deserves greatness 
Deserves yonr hate ; and yonr affections are 


110 COMOLANUS. [aot i. 

A sick man's appetite, who desires most that . 

Which would increase his evil. He that depends 

Upon yonr favours swims with fins of lead. 

And hews down oaks with mshea. Hang ye • Trnst ye l"" 

With every minnte you do chan^^e a mind ; 

And call him noble that was now yonr hate, 

Him vile that was your garland. What's the matter, 

That in these"^ several places of the city 

Yoa cry against the noble senate, who. 

Under the gods, keep yon in awe, which else 

Wonld feed on one another ? — What's their seeking ? 

Men. For com at their own rates ; whereof, they say. 
The city is well etor'd. 

Mar. Hang 'em ! They say ! 

They'll sit by the fire, and presume to know 
What's done i' the Capitol ; who's like to rise. 
Who thrives, and who declines ; side factions, and give oat 
Conjectural marriages ; making parties strong. 
And feebling such as stand not in their liking 
Below their cobbled shoes. They say there's grain enough ! 
Would the nobility lay aside their mth. 
And let me use my sword, I'd make a quarry 
With thousands of these quarter'd slaves, as high 
As I could pick my lance. 

Men. Nay, these are almost"" thoroughly persuaded ; 
For though abundantly they lack discretion, 
Yet are they passing cowardly. But, I beseech you. 
What says the other troop ? 

Mar. They are dissolv'd : hang 'em I 

They said they were an-hungry ; sigh'd forth proverbs, — 
That hunger broke stone walls, that dogs mnst eat. 
That meat was made for months, that the gods sent not 
Com for the rich men only : — vrith these shreds 
They vented their complainings ; which being answer'd. 
And a petition granted them, a strange one — 
To break the heart of generosity. 

And make bold power look pale — they threw their caps 
As they would bang them on the horns o' the moon. 
Shouting their emolation.*^" 

Men. What is granted them ? 


•cun I.] COBIOL&NUB. 141 

Mar. Fire tribnnes to defend their Tulgor wisdoms, 
Of their own choice : one's Junius Brutus,"*' 
Sicioins Velutus, and I know not — 'Sdeath t 
The rabble should have first nnroofd'*" the city. 
Ere BO prevail'd with me : it will in time 
Win upon power, and throw forth greater themes 
For insurrection's a^uing. 

Men. This is strange. 

Mar. Go, get you home, 70a IragmentB ! 
Enter a Messenger, haelUy. 

Meia. Where's Gaius Marcius ? 

Mar. Here : what's the matter ? 

MesB. The news is, sir, the Volsces are in arms. 

Mar. I'm glad on 't; then we shall ha' means to vent 
Oar musty superfluity. — See, our best elders. 

Eftier CoHimns, Titdb Lartius, and other Senators; Junidb 
Bbuiub and Siciniub Vbhttob. 

First Sen. Marcius, 'tis true that yon have lately told as, — 
The Volscea are in anus. 

Mar. They have a leader, 

ToUuB Aufidins, that will put you to 't. 
I sin in epvying his nohilitv : 
And were I any thing hut what I am, 
rd wish me only he. 

Com. You have fought togetiier. 

Mar. Were half to half the world by th' ears, and he 
Upon my party, I'd revolt, to make 
Only my wars with him : he is a lion 
That Z am proud to hunt. 

First Sen. Then, worthy Marcius, 

Attend upon Cominins to these ware. 

Com. It is your former promise. 

Mar. Sir, it is ; 

And I am constant. — Titus Lartius, thou 
Shalt see me once more strike at TuUus' foce. 
What, art thou stiff? Btand'st out? 

Tit. No, CaiuB Marcius ; 

m lean upon one crutch, and fight with t'other. 
Ere stay behind this business. 


149 OOBIOLANUS. [icr i. 

Men. 0, trae-bied ! 

Firat Sen, Yoar comp&ny to the Capitol ; where, I know. 
Our greatest friends attend ub. 

Tit. [to Com.'] Lead you on. — 

[To Mar."] Follow Cominins : we mast follow yoa ; 
Kigbt worthy yoa priority.*"' 

Com. Noble Marcias ! 

Firat Sen. [to the Citizena] Hence to your homes ; be 

Mar. Nay, let them follow : 

The VoIsceB have mncb com ; take these rats thither 
To gnaw their gamers. — Worehipfiil mutiners,*"* 
Yonr valoor puts well forth : pray, follow. 

[Exeunt aU except Brutus and Siciniia. The 
Citizens steal away. 
Sic. Was ever man so proud as is this Marcias ? 
Bra. He has no equal. 

Sic. When we were chosen tribnnes for the people, — 
Bru. Mark'd yoa his lip and eyes ? 
Sic. Nay, bnt his taniita. 

Bru. Being moVd, he will not spare to gird the gods. 
Sic, Be-mock the modest moon. 
Bru. The present wars devoar him! H e is grown 
Too pronJlo be so y^iant. 

Sic. Snch a nature. 

Tickled with good snccesB, disdains the shadow 
Which be treads on at noon : bnt I do wonder 
Hia insolence can brook to be commanded 
Under Cominias. 

Bra. Fame, at the which he aims, — 

In whom already he's well grac'd, — can not 
Better be held, nor more attain'd, than by 
A place below the first : for what miscarries 
Shall be the general's &alt, tboagh he perform 
To th' atmost of a man ; and giddy censure 
Will then cry oat of Marcias, " 0, if he 
Had borne the business !" 

Sic. Besides, if things go well, 

Opinion, that so sticks on Marcias, shall 
Of his demerits rob Cominias. 


Msn 11.1 OOBIOUlSUB. lU 

Bru. Come i™' 

Half all CominioB' hoooora are to Marcins, 
Though MarcinB eani'd them not ; and all his fiinlts 
To MarciUB ahall be honours, though, indeed, 
In aught he merit not. 

Sic, Let's hence, and hoar 

How the dispatch ie made ; and in what fashion, 
More than his singularity, be goes 
Upon this present action. 

Bru. Let's along. [^Exeunt. 

SoGME n. Corioli. The Senate-koute. 
Enter TuLLitS Aotididb aiid certain Senators. 

Fint Sen. So, yonr opinion is, Aofidina, 
Thai they of Bome are enter'd in onr counsels. 
And know how we proceed. 

Auf. Is it not yours ? 

What ever hath**^ been thonght on in this state. 
That coold be brooght to bodily act ere Bome 
Hod oircomTention ? 'Tis not four days gone 
Since I heard thence ; these are the words : I think 
I haTe the letter here ; yes, here it is : [^Readt. 

" They have presc^d a power, bnt it ia not known 
Whether for east or west : the dearth ia gnat ; 
The people mntinouB : and it is mmoni'd, 
Cominius, Marcina your old enemy, — 
Who is of Bome wone hated than of yon, — 
And Titus I^rtios, a moat valiant Roman, 
These three lead on this prepaiation 
Whither 'tis bent : most likely 'tis for yoa : 
Consider of it" 

Firtt Sen. Our army's in the field : 

We never yet made doabt bat Bome was ready 
To answer ns. 

Auf. Nor did yoa think it folly 

To keep yoor great pretences veil'd till when 
Tlwy needs most show themselTes ; which in the hatching, 


m GOBIOL&NDB. [loi i- 

It Beem'd, appear'd to Rome. By the discovery 
We shall be Bborten'd in our aim ; which was, 
To take in many towns, ere, almost, Rome 
Should know we were afoot. 

Sec. Sen. Noble Anfidius, 

Take yonr commission ; hie yon to yonr bands ; 
Let ns alone to guard Corioli i***' 
If they set down before 'a, for the""* remove 
Bring ap yonr army ; but, I think, you'll find 
They've not prepar'd for us. 

Ai^. 0, doubt not that; 

I speak from certainties.*"' Nay, more. 
Some parcels of their power are forth already, 
And only hitherward. I leave yonr honours. 
If we and Cains Marcias chance to meet, 
'Tis sworn between ns, we shall ever strike 
Till one can do no more. 

AU. The gods assist you ! 

Auf. And keep your honours safe t 

First Sen. Farewell. 

Sec. Sen. Farewell. 

AU. Farewell. lExeunt. 

Scene IH. Rome. A room in Maboius' house. 

Unler Volumnia and Viboilia : they sit down on two low stools, 
and sew. 

Vol. I pray you, daughter, sing ; or express yourself in a 
more comfortable sort: if my son were my husband, I shoold 
freelier rejoice in that absence wherein he won honour than 
in the embracements of his bed where he would show most 
love. When yet he was but tender-bodied, and the only son 
of my womb ; when youth with comeliness plucked all gaze 
his way ; when, for a day of kings' entreaties, a mother 
should not sell him an hont from her beholding ; I — con- 
sidering how honour would become snob a person ; that it 
was no better than picture-like to hang by the wall, if renown 
made it not stir — was pleased to let him seek danger where 
he was like to find &me. To a cmel war I sent him; from 


tcmnm m.] C0RI0LAND8. liS 

whence he returned, his brows bound with oak. I tell thee, 
daughter, I spr&ng not more in joy at first hearing he was a 
man-child than now in first seeing he bad proved himself a 

Vir, But hod he died in the basiness, madam,— how then ? 

Vol. Then his good report should have been my son ; I 
therein would have found issne. Hear me profess sincerely, 
had I a dozen sons, each in my love alike, and none less dear 
than thine and my good Marcius, I had rather have*^ eleven 
die nobly for their country than one volaptnonsly surfeit out 
of action. 

Enter a Gentlewoman. 

Oent. Madam, the Lady Valeria is come to visit yoa. 

Vir. Beseech yon, give me leave to retire myself. 

Vol. Indeed, yon shall not. 
Methinks I hear hither your hueband's drum ; 
I**" see him pluck Aufidius down by th' hair ; 
As children from a bear, the Volsces shunning him : 
Methinks I see him stamp thna, and call thas, — 
" Come on, you cowards ! you were got in fear, 
Though you were bom in Rome :" his bloody brow 
With his mail'd hand then wiping, forth be goes. 
Like to a harvest-man, that'e"^* task'd to mow 
Or all, or lose his hire. 

Vir. His bloody brow 1 O Jupiter, no blood ! 

Vol. Away, yon fool ! it more becomes a man 
Than gilt his trophy: the breasts of Hecuba, 
When she did suck le Hecto r, l ook'd not lovelier 
Than Hector's forehead when it spit forth blood. 
At Grecian swords, conte mning. — Tell Valeria*"' 
We are fit to bid her welcome. [Exit Gent, 

Vir. Heavens bless my lord from fell Aufidius ! 

Vol. He'U beat Aufidius' head below his knee. 
And tread upon his neck. 

Re-enier Gentlewoman with, Valeria and her Usher. 
Vol. My ladies both, good day to yon. 
Vol. Sweet madam. 
Vir. I am glad to see your ladyship. 
Vol. How do you both ? yoa are manifest house-keepers. 



146 OOBIOLANIJS. [in i- 

What ate you sewing hete ? A fine spot, ia good faith.'" — 
How does yoni little aon ? 

Vir. I thank joai ladyship, well, good madam. 

Vol. He had rather see UjtLJSKada.^ and _hBM;_a_jiniinj 

tiian look npnn hjg aptinnlmaatjir 

Vai. 0' my word, the father's son : I'll Bwear, 'tis a very 
pretty boy. 0' my troth, I looked npon him o' Wednesday 
half an hour together : 'bae snch a confirmed coautenance. 
I saw him ran after a gilded bntterfly ; and when he caaght 
it, he let it go again ; and after it again ; and orer and ovei 
he Gomea, and ap again ; catched it again : or"*' whether his 
fall enraged him, or how 'twas, he did so set his teeth, and 
tear it; 0, I warrant, bow he mammocked it ! 

Vol. One on 's father's moods. 

Val. Indeed, la, 'tis a noble child. 

Vir. A crack, madam. 

Vol, Come, lay aside yonr stitchery ; I mast have yoa 
play the idle bnswife with me this afternoon. 

Vir. No, good madam ; I will not oat of doors. 

Val. Not ont of doors ! 

Vol. She shall, she shall. 

Vir. Indeed, no, by yoor patience ; I'll not over the 
threshold till my lord retom from the wars. 

Val. Fie, you confine yonrself most unreasonably : come, 
you mast go visit the good lady that lies in. 

ViT. I will wish her speedy strength, and visit her with 
my prayers ; but I cannot go thither. 

Vol. Why, I pray yoo? 

Vir. 'Tis not to save labour, nor that I want love. 

Val. Yoa would be another Penelope: yet, they say, all 
the yam she spun in Ulysses* absence did bat fill Ithaca fall 
of moths. Come; I would your cambric were sensible as 
your finger, that you might leave pricking it for pity. Come, 
you shall go with us. 

Vir. No, good madam, pardon me ; indeed, I will not forth. 

Val. Id truth, la, go vith me; and I'll tell you excellent 
news of your husband. 

Vir. 0, good madam, there can be none yet. 

Val. Verily, I do not jest with you ; there came news from 
him last night. 



Vir. Indeed, madam? 

Val. In earnest, it's true; I heard a aenator speak it. 
Thus it is : — The Volsoes have an arm; forth ; against whom 
Cominins the general is gone, with one part of onr Roman 
power : yonr lord and Titos Lartins are set down before their 
city Corioli ; they nothing donbt prevailing, and to make it 
brief wtUTB. This is true, on mine honour ; and so, I pray, 
go with ns. 

Vir. Give me exoaae, good madam ; I will obey you in 
every thing hereafter. 

Vol. Let her alone, lady : as she is now, she will bat 
disease onr better mirth. 

Val. In troth, I think she would. — Pare yon well, then. — 
Come, good sweet lady. — Prithee, Yirgilia, tarn thy soleoineBB 
oat o' door, and go along with ns. 

Vir. No, at a word, madam ; indeed, I mast not. I wish 
yoa much mirth. 

Vol. Well, then, farewell. [Exetmt. 

SoENB rV. B^ore Corioli. 

Enter, with drum and cotottrs, Mutoios, Titds LABliaa, Officers, 
OTuf Soldiers, 

Mar. Yonder comes news : — a wager they have met. 

Lart. My horse to years, no. 

Mar. 'Tia done. 

Lart. Agreed. 

Enter a Messenger. 

Mar. Say, has oat general met the enemy ? 

Meal. They lie in view ; bat have not spoke as yet. 

Lart. So, the good horse is mine. 

Mar. ril hay him of you. 

Lart. No, I'll nor sell nor give him ; lend you him I will 
For half a hundred years. — Sommon the town. 

Mar. How far off He these armies? 

Meat. Within this mile and half.<»" 

Mar. Then shall we hear their 'laram, and they oars. — 
Now, Mars, I prithee, make as qnick in work. 


That we with smoking swords ma; marcli from hence. 
To help our fielded friends ! — Come, blow thy blast. 

They sound a parley. Enter, on ike walU, some Senators and 
Tnllns Anfidius, is he within your walls ? 

First Sen. No, nor a man that fears you less than he, 
That's lesser than a little. [Drums afar off.'} Hark, our 

Are bringing forth our youth ! we'll break oar walls. 
Rather than they ehall pound ns up : our gates. 
Which yet seem shut, we have but pinn'd with rushes ; 
They'll open of themselves. [Alarum afar off."] Hark yon, 

far off ! 
There is Aufidius ; list, what work he makes 
Amongst your cloven army. 

Mar. O, they're at it t 

Lart. Their noise be our instruction. — Ladders, ho! 

The Volscee enter and pats over. 
Mar. They fear ns not, but issue forth their city. 
Now put your shields before your hearts, and fight 
With hearts more proof than shields. — ^Advance, brave Titus : 
They do disdain us much beyond our thoughts. 
Which makes me sweat with wrath. — Come on, my fellows : 
He that retires, I'll take him for a Volsce, 
And he shall feel mine edge. 

Alarum ; and exeunt Bomans and Volacea, fighting. The Bomana 
are beaten back to their trenches. Re-enter Marciub. 
Mar. All the contagion of the south light on yon. 
You shames of Rome ! you herd of — Boils and plagues 
Plaster yon o'er ;•*" that you may be abhorr'd 
Further than seen, and one infect another 
Against the wind a mile \ You souls of geese. 
That bear the shapes of men, how have you run 
From slaves that apes would beat ! Pluto and hell I 
All hurt behind ; backs red, and faces pale 
With flight and agn'd fear ! Mend, and charge home. 
Or, by the fires of heaven, I'll leave the foe. 


•cxn IT.] CORIOLANna. 1*9 

And make my wars on jou : look to't : come on ; 

If you'll stand fast, we'll beat them to their wirea. 

As they hb to our trenches. Follow me.'*'' 

Attother alarum. The Volacea and Eomaua re-enter, and the fight ia 

renetoed. The Volacea retire into CorioU, and Maroivs followB 

them to the gates. 
So, now the gates are ope : — now prove good seconds : 
'Tis for the followers fortune widens them, 
Kot for the fliers : mark me, and do the like. 

[Enter* tke gates. 

First Sol. Fool-hardinesB ; not I. 

Sec. Sol. Nor I. 

[Marcius U skut in. 

First Sol. See, they have shnt him in. 

AU. To the pot,'"* I warrant him. 

l^Alarum continues. 
Reenter TiTDB I^astids. 

Lart. What is become of Marcins ? 

All. Slain, sir, doubtless. 

First Sol. Following the fliers at the very heels. 
With them he enters ; who, upon the snddeu, 
Glapp'd-to their gates : be is himself alone. 
To answer all the city. 

Lart. noble fellow ! 

Who, senBible, outdares hie senaelesa sword. 
And, when it bowa, standa op I"** Thon art lost,"** Marcins : 
A carbnucle entire, as big as thon art. 
Were not bo rich a jewel. Thon wast a soldier 
Even to Cato'a wiah,'*"* not fierce and terrible 
Only in strokes ; bnt, with thy grim looks and 
The tfannder-like percussion of thy Bounds, 
Thou mad'at thine enemies shake, as if the world 
Were feverous and did tremble. 

£e-enter If arciob, bleeding, assaulted by the enemy. 

First Sol. Look, sir. 

Lart. 0, 'tis Marcius ! 

Let's fetch him off, or make remain alike. 

[They fight, and aU mter the city. 


IGO COBIOLAiniS. [ioi ■■ 

ScHHB V. Within Corioli. A ttreet. 
Enter certain Romans, with ipoQg. 
First Rom. This will I carry to Borne. 
Sec. Rom. And I this. 
Third Bom. A marram on't ! I took this for Bilver. 

[Alaram continues stiU afar off. 

Enter MABOins and TiTDS Iiabtiub vitk a trumpet. 

Mar. See here tbeae movers that do prize their honrs 
At a crftck'd drachm !'^ Cushions, leaden spoons, 
Irons of a doit, donblets that hangmen would 
Bnry with those that wore them, these base slaTes, 
Ere yet the fight be done, pack np : — down with them 1 — 
And hark, what noise the general makes ! — To him ! 
There is the man of my soul's hate, Anfidins, 
Piercing our Romans : then, yaliant Titus, take 
Convenient nnmbers to make good the city ; 
Whilst I, with those that have the spirit, will haste 
To help Cominins. 

Lart. Worthy sir, thou bleed'st ; 

Thy exercise hath been too violent for 
A second coarse of fight. 

Mar. Sir, praise me not ; 

My work hath yet not warm'd me : fare yoa well : 
The blood I drop is rather physical 
Than dangerous to me : to Anfidius thas 
I will appear, and fight. 

LaH, Now the fiair goddess, Fortane, 

Foil deep in love with thee; and her great charms 
Misguide thy opposere' swords !'"' Bold gentleman, 
Prosperity be thy page ! 

Mar. Thy friend no less 

Than those she placeth highest ! So, farewell. 

Lart. Thon worthiest Marcius ! — [Eait Marciut. 

Go, sound thy trumpet in the marketr-pUce ; 
Call thither all the officers o' the town, 
Where'*" they shall know oar mind: away t {Exeurtt. 


SoBNB VI. Near the camp of Gounnufl. 
EtUer ComNins and Forces, retreating. 
Com, Breathe yoo, my friends : well fought ; we are 
come off 
Like BomanB, neither fooliefa in oiu stands 
Nor cowardly in retire : believe me, sirs. 
We eholl be charg'd again. Whiles we have Btruok, 
By interims and conveying guBtB we've beard 
The charges of onr friends. — Ye"**" Koman gods. 
Lead their saccesses as we wish oar own, 
That both onr powers, with smihng fronts enoountering. 
May give yoc thankful sacrifice I 

Enter a Messenger. 

Thy news ? 
Meat, The citizens of Gorioli have issn'd, 
And given to Lartias and to Marcins battle : 
I saw our party to their trenches driven, 
And then I came away. 

Com. Thoagh thon speak'st truth, 

Methinks thon speak'st not well. How long is't since ? 
MesB. Above an hour, my lord. 
Com. 'Tia not a mile ; briefly we heard their drams : 
How conldst thoa in a mile confoand an boar. 
And bring thy news so late? 

M«4«. Spies of the VolsoeB 

Held me in chase, that I was forc'd to wheel 
Three or fonr miles aboat ; else bad I, sir, 
Half an hour since brought my report. 

Com. Who's yonder. 

That does appear as he were flay'd? gods I 
He has the stamp of Marctas ; and I have 
Before-time seen him thns. 

Mar. \within\ Come I too late ? 

Com. The shepherd knows not thunder from a tabor, 
More than I know the sound of Marcius' tongue 
From every meaner m&n's.'^ 


Enter Marciub. 
Mar. Come I too l&te ? 

Com. Ay, if yon come not in the blood of others, 
But mantled in your own. 

Mar. 0, let me clip ye 

In arms &b sonnd as when I woo'd ; in heart 
Aa merry as when oar nuptial day was done. 
And tapers bam'd to bedward ! 

Com. Flower of warriors, 

How is't with Titus Lartias? 

Mar. As with a man busied abont decrees : 
Condemning some to death, and some to exile; 
Kansoming him or pitying, threatening th' other; 
Holding CorioH in the name of Boiiie, 
Even like a fawning greyhound in the leash. 
To let him slip at will. 

Com. Where is that slave 

Which told me they had beat you to yonr trenches ? 
Where is he ? call him hither. 
I Mar. Let him alone ; 

! He did inform the truth : but for our gentlemen, 
' The common file — a plague ! — tribunes for them ! — 
The mouse ne'er ahunn'd the cat as they did budge 
, From rascals worse than they. 

~~ Com. But how prevail'd you ? 

Mar. Will the time serve to tell ? I do not think.**" 
Where is the enemy ? are you lords o' the field ? 
If not, why cease you till yon are so ? 

Com. Marcius, 

We have at disadvantage fought, and did 
Betire, to win our purpose. 

Mar. How lies their battle ? know you on which side 
They've plac'd their men of trust ? 

Com. As I guess, MarciuB, 

Their bands i' the vaward are the Antiates,^*" 
Of their best trust ; o'er them Aufidius, 
Their very heart of hope. 

Mar. I do beseech you. 

By all the battles wherein we have fought. 


•oesE Ti.] COWOLANOS. 158 

By the blood we've ahed together, by the towb 
We've made to endnre friends, that yoa directly 
Set me agEtinst Anfidins and his Antiatee ; 
And that you not delay the present, bat, 
Filling the air with swords advanc'd and darts. 
We prove this very hour. 

Com, Though I ooald wish 

YoQ were conducted to a gentle bath, 
And balms applied to yon, yet dare I never 
Deny yonr asking : take your choice of those 
That beet can aid yonr action. 

Mar. Those are they 

That most are willing. — If any such be here — 
As it were sin to donbt — thai love this painting 
Wherein yon see me smear'd ; if any fear 
Lesser'^ his person than an ill report ; 
If any think brave death outweighs bad life, 
And that his coontry's dearer than himself; 
Lei him alone, or so many so minded. 
Wave thus, t' express his disposition, 
And follow Marcias, 

[ They a ll sJtout, and wave their ewords ; take Aim, 
vp m the ir ar ms, and cast vp t heir caps . 
0, me alone ! make yon a sword of me ? 
If these shows be not ontward, which of yon 
Bat is four Volscea ? none of you bat is 
Able to bear against the great Anfidins 
A shield as bard as his. A certain number, 
Thongh thanks to all, must I select from all :'**' the rest 
Shall bear the business in some other fight. 
As caose will be obey'd. Please yon to march ; 
And fonr""' shall quickly draw out my command. 
Which men are best inclin'd. 

Com. March on, my fellows : 

Make good this ostentation, and yoa shall 
Divide in all vrith us. [Exeunt. 

jb,Googlc j^ 


SoENB VII. The gates of Corioli. 

TiTUB Laetiub, having eet a guard upon Corioli, going with drum 
and trumpet toward Cohinidb and Caius Maiioiub, miert with 
a LieDteoant, a party of SoldierB, and a Scout. 
Lart. So, let the porta be gtutrded : keep yoar dnties, 

Aa I't6 set them down. If I do send, dispatch 

Those centariee to oar aid ; the rest will serve 

For a short holding : if we lose the field, 

We cannot keep the town. 

LAeu. Fear not oar cate, sir. 

Lart. Hence, and ahat yoor gates upon 's. — 

Onr gnider, come ; to the Roman camp conduct as. {Exeunt, 

SoBKB Vm. Afield of battle between the Roman and the 
VoUeian camps. 

Alarum. Elder, from opposite sides, Mabgius and Aufidihs. 

Mar. Ill fight with none but thee ; for I do hate thee 
Worse than a promise-breaker. 

A^f. We hate alike : 

Not Afric owns a serpent I abhor 
More than thy CEime I envy,'*" Fix thy foot. 

Mar. Let the first badger die the other's slave, 
And the gods doom him after 1 

^^f• If I fly, Marcius, 

Halloo me like a hare. 

Afar. Within these three honrs, TulluB, 

Alone I foaght in yonr Ck>rioli walls. 
And made what work I pleas'd : 'tis not my blood 
Wherein thoa seest me mask'd ; for thy revenge 
Wrench up thy power to th' highest, 

All/. Wert thon the Hector 

That was the whip*"" of yonr bragg'd progeny, 
Thoa ahonldst not scape me here. 

[They fight, and certain Volaces cotae to the aid of 


OfEdoQB, and not valiant, — ^yoo have Bham'd me 
In your condemu&d seconds. 

[Exeunt fighUng, driven in by Marettia. 

Scsm IX. The Eoman camp. 

Alarum- A retreat is sounded. Flourish. Enter, from ow side, 
CoMiNiua and Komans ; from the other »ide, Maroius, with hie 
arm in a scarf, ajid other RomnDS. 
Com. If I should tell thee o'er this thy day's work, 
Thoa'lt not believe thy deeds :'"" but I'll report it. 
Where senators shall mingle tears with smiles ; 
Where great patricians shall attend, and shrug, 
r th' end admire ; where ladies shall be frighted. 
And, gladly quak'd, hear more ; where the dull triboneB, 
That, with the fosty plebeians,'^ hate thine honours, 
Shall say, against their hearts, " We thank the gods 
Oar Borne hath such a soldier !" 
Yet cam'st thon to a morsel of this feast. 
Having fully din'd before. 

Enter Titdb Lartiub, loHh hig ^power, from the pursuit. 

Lart, general, 

Here is the steed, we the caparison : 
Hadst thou beheld — 

Mar. Pray now, no more : my mother, 

Who has a charter to extol her blood. 
When she does praise me grieves me. I have done 
As yon have done, — that's what I can ; induo'd 
As you have been, — that's for my country :**" 
He that has but effected his good will 
Hath overta'en mine act. 

Com. You shall not be 

The grave of yonr deserring; Borne must know 
The value of her own : 'twere a concealment 
Worse than a theft, no less than a tradncement, 
To hide your doings ; and to silence that, 
Which, to the spire and top of praises vouch'd. 


13fi COMOLAHUS. [Mr i. 

Would seem but modest : therefore, I beseech you — 

In sign of what yon ate, not to reward 

What yon have done — before our army hear me. 

Mar. I have some wounds upon me, and they smart 
To hear themselveB remember'd. 

Com. Should they not, 

Well might they fester 'gainst ingratitude. 
And tent themselres with death. Of all the horses, — 
Whereof we've ta'en good, and good store, — of all 
The treasure in this field acbiev'd and city. 
We render you the tenth ; to be ta'en forth, 
Before the common distribution, at 
Your only choice. 

Mar. I thank you, general ; 

But cannot make my heart consent to take 
A bribe to pay my sword ; I do refuse it ; 
And stand upon my common part with those 
That have beheld the doing. 

[-4 long flourish. They all cry, " Marcius ! Mar- 
cius!" cast up their caps and lances: Cominius 
and Lartiv-s stand bare. 
May these same instruments, which you profane, 
Never sound more I When drnms and trumpets shall 
I' the field prove flatterers, let courts and cities be 
Made'"' all of false-fac'd soothing ! When steel grows 
Soft as the parasite's silk, let him be made 
A coverture for the wars l**'* No more, I say ! 
For that I have not wash'd my nose that bled. 
Or foil'd some debile wretch, — which, without note, 
Here's many else have done,— you shout"*" me forth 
In acclamations hyperbolical ; 
As if I lov'd my little should be dieted 
In praises sauc'd with lies. 

Com. Too modest are you ; 

More cruel to your good report than grateful 
To as that give you truly : by your patience, 
If 'gainst yourself you be incens'd, we'll put yon — 
Like one that means his proper harm — in manacles, 
Then reason safely with yon. — Therefore, be 't known, 
As to us, to all the world, that Caius Marciue 


BCnn a.] COBIOLAfiUS. 167 

"Weare this war's garlaod : in token of the which. 
My noble steed, known to the camp, I give him, 
"With all hia trim belonging ; and from this time, 
For what be did before Corioli, call him. 
With all th' applanae and clamoar of the host, 
Caiub Mabcius C0RIOLAMU8.'**' — Bear 
Th' addition nobly ever ! 

IFiourigk. Trumpets sound and drumi. 

Ali. Cains Marcius Coriolanas ! 

Cor. I will go wash ; 
And when my face is fair, yon shall perceive 
Whether I binsh or no : bowbeit, I thank yon : — 
I mean to stride your steed ; and at all times, 
To nndercrest yonr good addition 
To the &imes8 of my power. 

Com. So, to our tent ; 

Where, ere we do repose us, we will write 
To Rome of our success. — You, Titus Lartins, 
Must to Corioli back : send us to Bome 
The best, with whom we may articulate, 
For their own good and ours. 

Lart. I shall, my lord. 

Cor. The gods begin to mock me. I, that now 
Befus'd most princely gifts, am bound to beg 
Of my lord general. 

Com. Take 't ; 'tis yours. What is't ?**"' 

Cor. I sometime lay, here in Corioli, 
At a poor man's house ; he us'd me kindly : — 
He cried to me ; I saw him prisoner ; 
But then Aufidius was within my view. 
And wrath o'erwhelm'd my pity : I request you 
To give my poor host freedom. 

Com,. 0, well begg'd ! 

Were he the butcher of my son, he should 
Be free as is the wind. — Deliver him, Titus. 

Lart. Marcins, his name ? 

Cor. By Jupiter, forgot : — 

Tm weary; yea, my memory is tir'd. — 
Hare we no wine here ? 

Com. Oo we to our tent : 



The blood opon your nsage dries ; 'tis time 

It shoold be look'd to : come. lExeunt. 

80ENE X. The camp of the ToIsceB. 

AJUmruh. Comett. Enter TuLLns Aufididb bloody, uiitk two 
or three Soldiera. 

Auf. The town in ta'en I 

First Sol. 'Twill be deliTer'd back on good conditiou. 

Auf. Condition ! — 
I wonld I were a Roman ; for I cannot, 
Being a Yolsce, be that I am. — Condition t 
What good condition can a treaty find 
I' the part that ia at mercy ? — Five times, Marcins, 
I've fon ght yith thee ; flo o ften haat thon beat me ; 
And wonldet do so, I think, shoold we enconnter 
As often as we eat. — By th' elements. 
If e'er agun I meet him beard to beard, 
He's mine, or I am his : mine emulation 
Hath not that hononr in't it had ; for where 
I thonght to crash bir" in an equal force 
Tme sword to sword, I'll poach at him some way. 
Or wrath or craft may get him. 

Firtt Sol. He's the devil. 

Aiif. Bolder, though not so subtle. My Taloor,"'' 
With only suffering stain by him, for him 
Shall fly ont of itself : nor sleep nor sanctuary, 
Being naked, sick ; nor fane nor Capitol, 
The prayers of priests nor times of sacrifice, 
Embarqnements'^ all of fury, shall lift up 
Their rotten privilege and custom 'gainst 
My bate to Marcius : where I find him, were it 
At home, upon my brother's guard, even there. 
Against the hospitable canon, would I 
Wash my fierce hand in's heart. Go you to the city; 
Learn how 'tis held ; and what they are that mast 
Be hostages for Borne. 



I^rst Sol. Will not you go ? 

Auf. I am attended at the oypresB grore : I pray yoQ — 
*TiB Boath the city millB — bring me word thither 
How the world goes, that to the pace of it 
I may spnr on my joomey. 

Firtt Sol. I shall, sir. lExeunt. 

Scene I. Rome. A public place. 
Enter Mbnknidb, Sioimns, and Bbutdb. 

Men. The angnrer tella me we shall have news to-night. 

Bru,. Good or bad ? 

Men. Not according to the prayer of the people, for thay 
love not MarciuB. 

Sic. Nature teaches beasts to know their Mends. 

Men. Pray yon, who does the wolf loTe ? 

Sic. The lamb. 

Men. Ay, to devonr him ; as the hungry plebeians would 
the noble Marcine. 

Bru. He's a lamb indeed, that baes like a bear. 

Men. He's a bear indeed, that lives like a lamb. Yon 
two are old men : tell me one thing that I shall ask yon. 

Both. Well, tax. 

Men. In what enormity is Morcius poor in, that yon two 
have not in abundance ? 

Bru. Hfl^gjtoor^innoo nB fault, ba t stored with all. 

Sic. Especially in pride. 

Bru. A nd topping all o thers in boasting. 

Men. This is strange now: do yon two know how yoa 
are censured here in the city, I mean of us o' the right-hand 
file? do you? 

Both. Why, how are we censured ? 

Men. Because you talk of pride now, — will you not be 


160 COBIOLANUS. [aoi ii. 

Both. Well, well, air, well. 

Men. Why, 'tis no great matter ; for a very little thief of 
occasion will rob you of a great deal of patience : give your 
dispositions the reins, and be angry at yonr pleasures ; at the 
least, if yon take it as a pleasnre to you in being so. You 
blame Marcias for being proud ? 

Sru. We do it not alone, sir. 

Men. I know you can do very little alone ; for yoor helps 
are many, or else yonr actions would grow wondrous single : 
your abilities are too infant-Uke for doing much alone. Toa 
talk of pride : that you could turn yonr eyes toward the 
napes of yonr necks, and make but an interior survey of your 
good selves ! that you conld ! 

Bra. What then, sir? 

Men. Why, then you should discover a brace of unmerit- 
ing, proud, violent, testy magistrates, alias fools, as any in 

Sic. Menenius, you are known well enough too. 

Men. I am known to be a humorous patrician, and one 
that loves a cup of hot wine with not a drop of allaying Tiber 
in 't ; said to be something imperfect in favouring the first 
complaint,"" hasty and tinder-like upon too trivial motion ; 
one that converses more with the buttock of the night than 
with the forehead of the morning :***' what I think I utter, 
and spend my malice in my breath. Meeting two such weals- 
men as you are, — I cannot call you Lycurgnses, — if the drink 
yon give me tonch my palate adversely, I make a crooked 
face at it. I cannot'*" say your worships have delivered the 
matter well, when I find the ass in compound with the major 
part of yonr syllables : and thongh I must he content to bear 
with those that say yon are reverend grave men, yet they lie 
deadly that tell you you**** have good faces. If yon see this 
in the map of my microcosm, follows it that I am known well 
enough too? what harm can your biseon"" conspectuities 
glean out of this character, if I be known well enough too? 

Bru. Come, sir, come, we know you weU enough. 

Men, You know neither me, yourselves, nor any thing. 
You are ambitious for poor knaves' caps and legs : yon wear 
ont a good wholesome forenoon in hearing a cause between 
an orange-wife and a fosset-seller; and then rejourn the con- 


•on 1.} COBIOLAHUB. 161 

trorers; of throe-pence to a second da; of aadience. When 
yon are hearing a matter between party and party, if yoB 
chanco to be pinched with the colic, you make -fiices like 
mammera; set up the bloody flag against all patience; and, 
in roaring for a chamber-pot, diBmiBB the controveiey bleed- 
ing,**** the more entangled by yoar hearing: all the peace 
yon make in their cause is, calling both the parties knaves. 
Yon are a pair of strange ones. 

Bra. Come, come, yon are well understood to be a per- 
fecter giber for the table than a necessary bencher in the 

Men, Our very priests must become mockers, if they shall 
encounter such ridicnlous sabjects as you are. When yoa 
speak best auto the purpose, it is not worth the wagging of 
your beards; and your beards deserve not so honourable a 
grave as to stuff a botcher's cushion, or to be entombed in 
an ass's pack-saddle. Yet yon must be saying, Marcins is 
prond ; who, in a cheap estimation, is worth all your prede- 
ceasora since Deucalion ; though peradventure some of the 
beat of 'em were hereditaty hangmen. Qod-deu to yoar 
worships : more of your conversation would infect my brain, 
being the herdsmen of the beastly plebeians : I will be bold 
to take my leave of yon. [^Brutaa ajid Siciniut retire. 

Enter VoLniniiA, TiaoiLiA, OTid Valehia, with Attendants. 
How now, my as fair as noble ladies, — and the moon, were 
she earthly, no nobler, — ^whither do you follow yoar eyes so 

Vol. Honourable Menenius, my boy Marcins approaches ; 
for the love of Juno, let's go. 

Men. Ha ) Marcina coming home t 

Vol. Ay, worthy Menenins ; and with most prosperous 

Men. Take my cap, Jnpiter, and I thank thee. — Hoo I 
Marcins coining home I 

Vir. Vai. Nay, 'tis true. 

Vol. Look, here's a letter &om him ; the state hath ano- 
ttier, bis wife another ; and, I think, there's one at home for 

VOL. VI. If 


les C0BI0LAHU8. [loi a. 

Men. I will make my very house reel to-night : — a letter 
for me ! 

Vir. Yes, certain, there's a letter for yoa ; I saw't. 

Men. A letter for me I it gives me an estate of seven 
years' health ; in vhich time I will make a lip at the physi- 
aian : the most Bovereign prescription in Oalen is bat empiri- 
cntic,'^' and, to this preserratire, of no better report than a 
horse-drench. — Is he not woanded? he was wont to come 
home wounded. 

Vir. 0, no, no, no. 

Vol. 0, he is wounded, — I thank the gods for't. 

Men. So do I too, if it be not too much : — ^brings 'a vic- 
tory in his pocket ? — the wounds become him. 

Vol. On's brows :'^^' Menenins, he comes the third time 
home with the oaken garland. 

Men. Has he disciplined Aufidiue sonudly? 

Vol. Titus Lartine writes, — they fought together, but Ao- 
fidius got off. 

Men. And 'twas time for him too, FIl warrant him that: 
an he had stayed by him, I would not hare been so fidiused 
for all the chests in Corioli, and the gold that's in them. Is 
the senate possessed of this ? 

Vol. Good ladies, let's go. — Yes, yes, yes ; the senate has 
letters &om the general, wherein he gives my son the whole 
name of the war : he hath in this action outdone his former 
deeds doubly. 

Val. In troth, there's wondrous things spoke of him. 

Men. Wondrous ! ay, I warrant you, and not without his 
true purchasing. 

Vir. The gods grant them true ! 

Vol. True ! pow, wow. 

Men. True! I'll be sworn they are true. — ^Where is he 
wounded? — [To the Tribunes] God save your good worships ! 
Marcius is coming home : he has more cause to be proud. — 
Where is he wounded ? 

Vol. V the shoulder and i' the left arm : there will be 
large cicatrices to show the people, when he shall stand for 
hie place. He received in the repulse of Tarqain seven hurts 
i' the body. 



Men. One i' the neck, and two i' the thigh, — there's niae 
that I know.*^" 

Vol. He had, before this kst expedition, twesty-fiTe 
wounds npon him. 

Men. Now it'a twenty-Beven : eTeiy gash was an enemy's 
grave. \A shout and flourish within^ Hark ! the trttrnpets. 

Vol. These are the ashers of Marcius : before him he car- 
ries noise, and behind him be leaves tears : 
Death, that dark spirit, in's nervy arm doth lie ; 
Which, being advanc'd, decUnes, and then men die. 

A unnd. Tmtnpets tound. Enter Cokiniob and Tirns Lartius; 

between them, Coriolah'ob, crowned with an oaken garland; 

mih Captains, Soldiers, and a Herald. 

Her. Know, Ilome, that all alone Maroins did fight 
Within Gorioh gates : where he hath won, 
With fame, a name to Cains Marcins ; these 
In hononr follows Coriolanns : — welcome, 
Welcome to Rome, renown'd Coriolanua f"' \Fl(miriah. 

All. Welcome to Rome, renown'd Coriolanns ! 

Cor. No more of this, it does offend my heart ; 
Fray now, no more. 

Com. Look, sir, yoor mother! 

. Cor. 0, 

Yon have, I know, petition'd all the gods 
For my prosperity. IKneek. 

Vol. [raising hiTn] Nay, my good soldier, np; 
My gentle Marcins, worthy Cains, and 
By deed- achieving honour newly nam'd, — 
What is it ? — Coriolanns mnst I call thee ? — 
Bnt, 0, thy wife ! 

Cor. My gracious silence, hail I 

Wooldst thon have langh'd had I come coffin'd home. 
That weep'st to see me triumph ? Ah, my dear, 
Sacb eyes the widows in Corioli wear, 
And mothers that lack sons. 

Men. Now, the gods crown thee I 

Cor. And live yon yet ? — [To Valeria'] my sweet lady, 

Vol, I know not where to torn: — 0, welcome home; — 



And mloome, gmiAral ; and ye'r« welcome all. 

Men. A himdred thoaeand welcomes : — ^I could weep. 
And I oonld Ungh ; Vm ligtt and heavy : — ^welcome : 
A cnree begin at Ter; root on's heart 
That is not glad to see thee! — ^Yon are three 
That Rome ahonld dote on : yet, by the &ith of men, 
WeVe some old crab-tieee here at home that will not 
Be grafted to yoor relish. Yet welcome, warriors : 
We call a netUe bnt a nettle, and 
The faults of fools bat folly. 

Com. Ever right. 

Cor. Menenins ever, ever. 
Her. Give way there, and go on! 

Cor. {to Vol. and Vir."] Yonr hand, and yours : 

Ere in oar own honse I do shade my head. 
The good patricians mast be risited ; 
From whom I have receiv'd not only greetings. 
Bat with them ebai^ of honoars.'^*' 

Vol. I haTO liv'd 

To see inherited my very wishes, 
And the bnildinge of my fancy : only there 
Is one thing wanting, which I donbt not bnt 
Onr Rome will cast npon thee. 

Cor. Know, good mother, 

I had rather be their servant in my way 
Than sway with them in theirs. 

Com, On, to the Capitol ! 

[FiourUh. Comett. Exeunt in $tate, a* before. 
Brutut and SiiAnvue come forward. 
Bra. All tongues speak of him, and the blearM sighta 
Are spectacled to see him : yonr prattling norse 
Into a rapture lets her baby cry 
While she chats him i"*^ the kitchen malkin ping 
Her richest lockram 'bont her reechy neck, 
Clambering the walls to eye him ; stalls, balks-, windows, 
Are smother'd np, leads fill'd, and ridges hors'd 
With variable complexions ; all agreeing 
In earnestness to se^ him : seld'shown flamena 
Do press among the popolar threngs, and pnff 
To win a vulgar station : oar veil'd damea 



Commit the war of wbite and damask, in 
Their nicely-gawded'^'' cheeks, to the wanton spoil 
Of Phcebns' burning kiases : suoh a pother, 
As if that whatsoever god who leadB him 
Were slily crept into his hnman powers, 
And gave him graceful postare. 

Sic. On the sudden, 

I warrant him consul. 

Bru. Then oar office ma;, 

During his power, go sleep. 

Sic. He cannot temperately transport his hoooim 
From where he should begin and end ; bat will 
liose those he hath won. 

Bru. In that there's comfort. 

Sic. Doubt not 

The commoners, for whom we stand, but they. 
Upon their ancient malice, will forget. 
With the least cause, these his new honours ; which 
That he will give them make I"" as Uttle question 
As he is proud to do't. 

Bru. I heard him swear, 

Were he to stand for consul, never would he 
Appear i' the market-place, nor on him put 
The napless vesture of humility ; 
Not, showing, as the manner is, hie wounds 
To the people, beg their stinking breaths. 

Sic. 'Tis right. 

Bru. It was his word : 0, he would miss it, rather 
Than carry 't but by the suit of the gentry to him. 
And the desire of the nobles. 

Sic. I wish no better 

Than have him hold that purpose, and to put it 
In execution. 

Bru. 'Tis most like he will. 

Sic. It shall be to him, then, as oar good willa,*^ 
A sure destruction. 

Bru. So it must fall out 

To him or oar authorities. For an end. 
We must snggest the people in what hatred 
He still hath held them ; that to's power he would 



HftTfi made them moles, silenc'd their pleaders, and 

Dispropertied their freedoms; holding them. 

In homan action and capacity. 

Of no more seal nor fitness for the world 

Than camels in the war;'^^ who have their provand 

Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows 

For sinking under them. 

,Sic. This, as you say, suggested 

At some time when his soaring insolence 
Shall touch"*' the people, — which time shall not want. 
If he be put upon't ; and that's as easy 
Ab to set dogs on sheep, — will he his fire'*" 
To kindle their dry stubble ; and their blaze 
Shall darken him for ever. 

Enter a Messenger. 

Bru. What's the matter? 

Mesa. You're sent for to the Capitol. 'Tib thought 
That MarciuB shall be consul : 
I've seen the dumb men throng to see him, and 
The bhnd to hear him speak : matrons flung gloves. 
Ladies and maids their scarfs and handkercfaers. 
Upon him as he pass'd: the nobles bended, 
As to Jove's statue; and the commons mode 
A shower and thunder with their caps and shouts : 
I never saw the like. 

Bru, Let's to the Capitol ; 

And carry with us ears and eyes for tiie time. 
But hearts for tiia event. 

Sic. Have with yon. {Exeunt. 

Scene II. Tke tame. The Capitol. 
Enter two Officere, to lay cushions. 
Fint Of, Come, come, they are almost here. How many 
stand for consalBhipe ? 

Sec. Off. Three, they say : but 'tis thought of every one 
Coriolaons will cany it. 



First Of. That's a brare follow; bnt he'sventfeaaceproadf 
and lovea not the common peoplo . 

Sec. Off. Faith, there have been many great men that 
have flattered the people, who ne'er loved them ; and there 
be many that thej have loved, they know not wherefore : so 
that, if they love they know not why, they hate npOQ no better 
a gronnd : therefore, for Coriolanus neither to care whether 
they love or hate him manifcBtB the true knowledge he has in 
ibeir disposition ; and, ont of his noble carelessnesB, lets them 
plainly see't. 

First Off. If he did not care whether he had their love or 
no, he waved'*" indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good 
nor barm: but he seeks their hate with greater devotion than 
they can render it him ; and leaves nothing nndone that may 
fnlly discovet him their opposite. Now, to seem to affeet the 
malice and displeasore of the people is as bad as that which 
he dislikes, — to flatter them for their love. 

Stc. Off. He hath deserved worthily of his country : and 
his ascent is not by such easy degrees as those who, having 
been sapple and courteous to the people, bonneted, without 
any further deed to heave them*^' at all into their estimation 
and report: but he hath so planted his honours in their eyes, 
and his actions in their hearts, that for their tongues to be 
silent, and not confess so much, were a kind of ingrateful 
injury; to report otherwise, were a malice, that, giving itself 
the lie, would pluck reproof and rebuke from every ear that 
beard it. 

First Off'. No more of hi;n ; he's a worthy man : make 
way, they are coming. 

A aetmet. Enter, with Lictora before them, Cohinidb, Mbneniiis, 
CoRiOLAKCS, Senators, SiciNios, avd Brutcs. The Senators take 
their places; the Tribaues take theirs also hy themselves. 
Men. Having determin'd of the Volsces, and 

To send for Titus Lartius, it remains, 

Aa the main point of this oar after-meeting. 

To gratify his noble service that 

HaUi thus stood for bis country : therefore, please you. 

Most reverend and grave elders, to desire 

The present consul, and last general 


168 COBIOLAHtJB. ttot u. 

Id our well-foaml Bnccesaes, to report 

A little of that worthy work perform'd 

By Cains Marcias CoriolannB ; whom 

We meet here,'"' both to thank, and to remember 

With honoars like himaelf. 

First Sen. Speak, good Cominins : 

Leave nothing out for length, and make as think 
Bather oar state's defective for requital 
Than we to stretch it out. — [To the TVUmnes] Maaters o' the 

We do reqnest yonr kindest ears ; and, after, 
YoTir loTicg motion toward the common body. 
To yield what passes here. 

Sic. We are convented 

Upon a pleasing treaty ; and have hearts 
Inclinable to honoar and advance 
The theme of oar assembly. 

Bra. Which the rather 

We shall he blest to do,'**' if he remember 
A kinder valne of the people than 
He hath hereto priz'd them at. 

Men. That's off, that's off; 

I wonld yon rather had been silent. Please yon 
To hear Cominius speak ? 

Bru. Most willingly: 

Bnt yet my cantion was more pertinent 
Than the rebake you give it. 

Men. He loves yonr people; 

But tie him not to be their bedfellow. — 
Worthy CominiUB, speak. — [Coriolanug riset, and offers to go 
away."] Nay, keep your place. 

First Sen. Sit, CoriolanuB ; never shame to hear 
What you have nobly done. 

Cor. Your honours' pardon : 

I had rather have my wounds to heal again 
Thau hear say how I got them. 

Bnt. Sir, I hope 

My words diabenoh'd you not. 

Cor. No, sir : yet oft. 

When blows have made me stay, I fled from words. 


soxn n.] COBIOLANVB. 169 

Yoa Booth'd not, therefore hart not : bnt yoor people, 
I love them as they weigh. 

Men. Pray now, sit down. 

Cor. I had ni^er have one scratch my head i' the sno, 
"When the alamm were strack, than idly sit 
To hear my nothings monster'd. [Exit. 

Men. Masters of the people, 

Yonr mnltipljring spawn how can he flatter — 
That's thousand to one good one — when yon now see 
He had rather venture all his limbs for honour 
Than one on's**" ears to hear't? — Proceed, Comimns. 

Com. I shall lack voice : the deeds of Coriolanus 
Should not be atter'd feebly. — It is held 
That valonr is the ohiefest virtue, and 
Most dignifies the haver ; if it be. 
The man I speak of cannot in the world 
Be singly connterpois'd. At sixteen years, 
When Tarquin made a head for Rome, he fonght 
Seyond the mark of others : our then dictator, 
Whom with all praise I point at, saw him fight. 
When with his Amazonian chin'"' he drove 
The bristled lips before him : be bestrid 
An o'er-press'd Roman, and i' the consal's view 
Slew three opposers ; Tarquin 's self he met. 
And struck him on his knee : in that day's feats. 
When he might act the woman in the scene. 
He prov'd best man i' the field, and for his meed 
Was brow-bonnd with the oak. His pupil-age 
Man-enter'd thns, he waxed like a sea ; 
And, in the brunt of seventeen battles since. 
He lurch'd all swords of the garland. For this last, 
Before and in Corioli, let me say, 
I cannot speak him home : he atopp'd the fliers ; 
And by his rare example made the coward 
Turn terror into sport : as weeds'*" before 
A vessel onder sail, so men obey'd, 
And fell below his stem : his sword, death's stamp 
Where it did mark, it took ; from face to foot 
He was a thing of blood, whose every motion 
Was tim'd with dying cries : alone he enter'd 


170 COaiOLANVB. [un u 

The mortal gate of the city, which he painted 
With Bhanlees destiny ; aidless came off. 
And with a sadden re-enforcement stnick 
Gorioli like a planet : now all's hie : 
When, by and by, the din of war gan pierce 
His ready sense ; then straight his doubled spirit 
Be -quicken 'd what in flesh was fatigate, 
And to the battle came he ; where he did 
Run reeking o'er the lives of men, as if 
'Twere a perpetnal spoil : and till we call'd 
Both field and city ours, he never stood 
To ease his breast with panting. 

Men, Worthy man ! 

First Sen. He cannot bnt with measure fit the honours 
Which we devise him. 

Com. Our spoils he kick'd at ; 

And look'd npon things preoiouB as they were 
The common muck of the world : he covets less 
Than misery itself would give ; rewards 
His deeds with doing them ; and is content 
To spend the time to end it. 

Men. He's right noble : 

Let him be call'd for. 

First Sen. Gall Goriolanns. 

Off. H« doth appear. 

Re-enter Goriolanus. 

Men. The senate, Goriolanus, are well pleas'd 
To make thee consul. 

Cor. I do owe them still 

My life and services. 

Men. It then remains 

That yon do speak to the people. 

Cor. I do beseech you. 

Let me o'erleap that custom ; for I cannot 
Pat on the gown, stand naked, and entreat them. 
For my wounds' sake, to give their suffrage : please you 
That I may pass this doing. 

Sic. ■ Sir, the people 

Must have their voices ; neither will they bate 


i m.] COBIOLAKUS. 171 

'One jot of ceremony. 

Men. Put them not to't : — 

Pray you, go fit yon io the custom ; and 
Take to you, as your predecessors have, 
Your honoor with your form. 

Cor. It is a part 

That I Bhall binsh in acting, and might well 
Be taken from the people. 

Btu. [(oSic] Mark yoa that? 

Cor. To hrag onto them, — thus I did, and thns; — 
Shew them th' nnaching scare which I ehonld hide, 
Ab if I had receiv'd them for tiie hire 
Of their breath only I — 

Men. Do not stand npon't. — 

We recommend to yon, tribunes of the people, 
Onr pnrpoBe to them ; — and to onr noble consul 
Wish we all joy and honour.'**' 

Senators. To Coriolanus come all joy and honour ! 

\_Flourieh. Exeunt aU except Brutus and Sicinlus. 

Bra. Yoa see how he intends to nse the people. 

Sic. May they perceive 'b intent ! Be will require them, 
As if he did contemn what he requested 
Should be in them to give. 

Bru. Gome, we'll inform them 

Of onr proceedings here : on the market-place 
I know Uiey do attend us. ^Exeunt. 

Scene in. The same. The Foram. 
Enter several Citizena. 

First Cit. Once, if he do require our voices, we ought not 
to deny htm. 

Sec. Cit. We may, sir, if we will. 

Third Cit. We have power in ourselves to do it, but it is 
a power that we have no power to do : for if he show us his 
woonds, and tell us his deeds, we are to put our tongues into 
those wounds, and speak for them ; so, if he tell us bis noble 
deeds, we most also tell him our noble acceptance of them. 


173 CORIOLANDB. [le. 

Ingratitude is monBtroiiB : and for the mnltitade to be in-^- 
grateful, were to make a monster of the mnltitade ; of the 
which we being members, ahonld bring oarBelres to be mon- 
strous members. 

Firat C'tt. And to moke as no better tbonght of, a little 
help will serve; for once we stood np abont the com, he him- 
self stack not to call as the many-headed multitude. 

Third Git. We have been called bo of many ; not that 
onr heads are some brown, some black, some aubnm,'^ some 
bald, bat that onr wits are so diversely coloared : and trnly 
I think, if all oar wits were to issue oat of one sknll, they 
woald fiy east, west, north, soath ; and their consent of one 
direct way sbonld be at once to all the points o' the compass. 

Sec. Cit. Think yon so ? Which way do yoa judge my 
wit woald fly? 

Third Cit. Nay, yonr wit will not so soon out as another 
man's will, — 'tis strongly wedged np in a block-head ; but if 
it were at liberty, 'twould, sure, southward. 

Sec. Cit. Why that way? 

Third Cit. To lose itself in a fog; where being three 
parts melted away with rotten dews, the fourth would return 
for conscience sake, to help to get thee a wife. 

Sec. Cit. You are never without your tricks : — ^you may, 
you may. 

Third Cit. Are yoa all resolved to give your voices ? Bat 
that's no matter, the greater part carries it. I say, if he 
would incline to the people, there was never a worthier man. — 
Here he comes, and in the gown of humility: mark his beha- 
viour. We are not to stay all together, but to come by him 
where he stands, by ones, by twos, and by threes. He's to 
make his requests by particulars ; wherein every one of ua has 
a single honour, in giving him our own voices with our own 
tongues : therefore follow me, and I'll direct you how yon 
shall go by him. 

All. Content, content, [^Exeunt. 

Enter Coriolahus and Menbhius. 
Men, sir, you are not right : have you not known 
The worthiest men have done't ? 

Cor. What must I say?— 


wnra HI.] C0BI0LANU8. 178 

" I pray, air," — Flagae apoa't ! I cannot bring 

My tongue to snch a pace : — " Look, sir ; — my wonnds ; — 

I got them in my coantry's Benice, when 

Some certain of yoor brethren roar'd, and ran 

From the noise of onr own dmms." 

Men. O me, the gods 1 

Yoa most not speak of that ; yon most desire them 
To think npon yoo. 

Cor. Think apoo me ! bang 'em ! 

I woold they would forget me, like the Tirtoes 
"Which OUT divines lose by 'em. 

Men. You'll mar all ; 

I'll leare yon : pray yon, speak to 'em, I pray yon. 
In wholesome manner. 

Cor. Bid them wash their faces. 

And keep their teeth dean. [^Exit Meneniut.^ — So, here oomes 
a brace. 

Ee-enier tteo Citizens. 
Yoo know the canse, sirs, of my standing here. 

First Cit. We do, sir;'*" tell ns what hath brought you to't. 

Cor. Mine own desert. 

See. Cit. Your own desert I 

Cor. Ay, not'"' mine own desire. 

First Cit, How 1 not your own desire 1 

Cor. No, sir, 'twas neTCr my desire yet to trouble the 
poor with begging. 

First Cit. Ton must think, if we give you any thing, we 
hope to gain by you. 

Cor. Well, tjien, I pray, your price o' the coDsnlship ? 

First Cit. The price is, to ask it kindly. 

Cor. Kindly I Su, I pray, let me ha't : I have wounds 
to show you, which shall be yoors in prirate. — Your good 
Toice, sir ; what say you ? 

Sec. Cit. Yon shall ha't, worthy air. 

Cor. A match, sir. — There's in all two worthy voices 
begged. — I have your alms : adieu. 

First Cit. But this is something odd. 

Sec. Cit. An 'twere to give again, — but 'tis no matter. 

[Exeunt the two Citizetu. 


Se-enler two other CitizenB. 

Cor. Pray yon now, if it may stand with the tone of yonr 
voices that I may be codbuI, I have here the castomary gown. 

Third Cit, You have deserved nobly of your country, and 
yoa have not deserved nobly. 

Cor. Your enigma ? 

Third Cit. You have been a scourge to her enemies, you 
have been a rod to her friends ; you have not, indeed, loved 
the common people. 

Cor. Yoa should account me the more virtuous, that I 
have not been common in my love. I will, sir, flatter my 
sworn brother, the people, to earn a dearer estimation of 
them ; 'tis a condition they account gentle : and since the 
wisdom of their choice is rather to have my hat than my 
heart, I will practise the insinoatiag nod, and be off to them 
most counterfeitly ; that is, sir, I will counterfeit the be- 
witchment of some popular man, and give it bountiful to the 
desirers. Therefore, beseech you I may be consul. 

Fourth Cit. We hope to find you onr friend ; and there- 
fore give you our voices heartily. 

Third Cit. You have received many wounds for your 

Cor. I will not seal your knowledge with showing them. 
I will make much of your voices, and eo trouble yon no 

Both Cit. The gods give you joy, sir, heartily t l_Exeunt. 

Cor. Most sweet voices 1 — 
Better it is to die, better to starve, 
Than crave the hire which first we do deserve. 
Why in this woolless toge'"* should I stand here, 
To beg of Hob and Dick, that do appear, 
Their needless vouches ? Custom calls me to't : — 
What custom wills, in all things should we do't. 
The dust on antique time would lie unswept. 
And moantoinouB error be too highly heapt 
For truth t' o'er-peer. Bather than fool it so. 
Let the high office and the hononr go 
To one that would do thus. — I am half through ; 
The one part auffer'd, th' other will I do. — 


Ksn m.] COBlOLANnS. 

Here come more voicea. 

Rtrenter three other Citizens. 
I Tonr voices : for your voices I have fonght ; 
Watch'd for yoar voices ; for yonr voices bear 
Of woimdB two dozen odd ; battles thrice six 
I've seen, and heard of;*" for yoar voices have 
Done many things, some less, some more : yoar voices : 
Indeed, I woold be consalj 

Fifth Cit. He has done nobly, and cannot go withoat any 
honest man's voice. 

Sixth Cit. Therefore let him be oonaol: the gods give 
him joy, and make him good friend to the people ! 

All three Citizerta. Amen, amen. — God save thee, noble 
consnl ! lExeunt. 

Cor. Worthy voices ! 

Re-enter MENEKttis, viitti Bsatvz and SiciNins. 

Men. Yon've stood yoot limitation; and the tribnnes 
Endne yon with the people's voice: itemains 
That, in th' official marks invested, yon 
Anon do meet the senate. 

Cor. Ib this done ? 

Sie. The cnstom of reqnest yon have discharg'd : 
The people do admit yon ; and are enmmon'd 
To meet anon, upon yonr approbation. 

Cor. Whers ? at the senate-honse ? 

Sic. There, Coriolanns. 

Cor. May I, then,"" change these garments ? 

Sic. Yoa may, sir. 

Cot. That Til straight do ; and, knowing myself again, 
Bepair to the senate^honse. 

Men. I'll keep yon company. — Will yoa along ? 

Bru. We stay here for the people. 

Sic. Fare yon well. 

[Exeunt Coriolanue and Meneniue. 
He has it now ; and, by bis looks, methinks 
'Tia warm at's heart. 

Bru. With a proud heart he wore 

Hifl humble weeds. — Will you dismias the people ? 


170 COBIOLANUB. [act u. 

He-etUer Citizens. 

Sic. How now, my maatera ! have yoo chose this man ? 

Firit Cit. He has our Toi<^B, bit. 

Bru. We pray the gods he may deserve your loves. 

Sec. Cit. Amen, sir : — to my poor nnworthy notion,"" 
He mock'd us when he begg'd onr Toices. 

Third Cit. CertMnly 

He floated as downright. 

Firtt Cit. No, 'tis his kind of speech, — he did not mock 

Sec. Cit. Not one amongst ns, save yourself, but Bays 
He ns'd ns soomfolly ; he ahonld have show'd as 
His marks of merit, wounds receiv'd for'e conntiy. 

Sie. Why, bo he did, I'm sure. 

All the Citizens. No, no ; no man saw 'em. 

Third Cit. He said he had wonndB, which he could show 
in private ; 
And with hie hat, thus waving it in scorn, 
" I would he consul," says he ; " ag^ cuBtom 
Bat by your voices will not bo permit me ; 
Your voices therefore:" when we granted that. 
Here was, " I thank yon for yoor voices, — thank you, — 
Tour most sweet voioes: — now you have left your voices, 
I have no farther with you :" — vras not this mockery ? 

Sic. Why, either were you ignorant to see't ? 
Or, seeing it, of such childish friendliness 
To yield year voices ? 

Bru. Could you not have told him. 

As yoa were leBBon'd, — when he had no power. 
Bat was a petty servant to the state. 
He was your enemy ; ever spake against 
Yoar liberties, and the charters that you bear 
I' the body of the weal ; and now, uriving 
A place of potency, and sway o' the state, 
If he should still malignantly remain 
Fast foe to the plebeii, yoar voices might 
Be curses to yourselves ? You should have said, 
That as his worthy deeds did claim no less 
Than what he stood for, so his grocions natore 



Wonld think npon yon for yoar Toicea, and 
TtftDsUte his malice towards ;oa into love, 
Standing yonr friendly lord. 

Sic. ThoB to have said, 

As you were fore-adTis'd, had tonch'd his spirit 
And tried bis inclination ; from him pluck'd 
Either his gracions promise, which yon might, 
Ab caase had cali'd you up, have held him to ; 
Or else it woold have gaU'd his snrly natare. 
Which easily endnres not article 
Tying him to anght ; so, patting him to rage. 
Yon shoald have ta'en th' advantage of hia choler. 
And paas'd him nnelected. 

Bru. Did yon peroeiTe 

He did solicit yoa in free contempt. 
When he did need yoar loves ; and do you think 
That his contempt shall not he hraiaing to yoa. 
When he bath power to crush ? Why, bad yoor bodies 
No heart amoog yon ? or had yoa tongaes to cry 
Against the rectorship of judgment? 

Sic. Have yoa. 

Ere now, denied the asker ? and now again, 
Of him"*' that did not ask, bat mock, bestow 
Your BQ'd-for tongaes ? 

Third Cit. He's not confirm'd ; we may 

Deny him yet. 

See. Cit. And will deny him ; I 
Will have five hundred voices of that sound. 

F^Ttt Cit, I twice five hundred, and their friends to piece 

Bru. Get yoa hence instantly; and tell those fiieods 
They've chose a consul that will from them t^e 
Their liberties ; make them of no mote voice 
Than dogs, that are as often beat for barking 
As therefore kept to do so. 

Sic. Let them assemble ; 

And, OB a safer judgment, all revoke 
Your ignorant election: enforce his pride, 
And bis old bate unto yoa : besides, forget not 
With what contempt he wore the bumble weed ; 


178 COBIOLANDB. {40T u. 

How iD his suit he scDm'd yoa ; bat your loTes, 
Thinking upon hia services, took from yon 
The apprehension of hia present port&nce, 
Which most gibingly, nngravely, he did fashion**" 
After th' inveterate hate he bears yon. 

Bru. Lay 

A fanlt on ns, your tribanes ; that we kbonr'd, 
No impediment between, bat that yon mnst 
Cast your election on him. 

Sic. Say you chose him 

More after onr commandment than as gnided ' 
By yonr own true affections ; and that yonr minds, 
Pre-occopied with what yon rather mast do 
Than what yon should, made yoo against the grain 
To voice him consnl: lay the fault on ns. 

Btu. Ay, spare ns not. Say we read lectures to yon. 
How yoangly he began to aerve his country, 
How long contina'd ; and what stock he springs of, — 
The noble bonse o' the Marcians; from whence came 
That Aneus Marcias, Noma's daughter's son. 
Who, after great Hostilins, here was king ; 
Of the same house Publius and Quintus were. 
That our best water brought by conduits hither ; 
And CensorinnB, who was nobly nam'd so. 
Twice being by the people chosen censor, 
Was his great ancestor.'**' 

Sic. One thus descended. 

That hath beside well in his person wrought 
To be set high in place, we did commend 
To your remembrances ; bat you have found, 
Scaling hia present bearing with his past. 
That he's your fixM enemy, and revoke 
Yonr sudden approbation. 

Btu. Say you ne'er had done't — 

Harp on that still — but by oar patting on : 
And presently, when you have drawn your number, 
Repair to the Capitol. 

AU the Citizeju. We will so : almost all 
Bepent in their election. lExeunt. 

Bru. Let them go on ; 


wxn 1.] COBIOLANUa. 1T» 

This mutiny were better pat in hazard. 

Than stay, past donbt, for greater: 

If, as his nature is, he fall in lage 

With their refusal, both ohserre and answer 

The Tantage of his anger. 

Sic. To the Capitol, come : 

We will be there before the atream o* the people ; 
And this shall seem, as partly 'tis, their own. 
Which we hare goaded onward. [Exeunt. 


Scene I. Rome. A street. 

Comets. Enter CooiOLANtrB, Menenihb, Cokihidb, Titus Lartius, 
Senators, and Fatricians. 

Cor. TaUas Anfidias, then, had made new head ? 

hart. He had, my lord ; and that it was which caas'd 
Oar swifter composition. 

Cor. So, then, the Volsces stand but as at first ; 
Beady, when time shall prompt them, to make road 
Upon's again. 

Com. They're worn, lord consul, so. 

That we shall hardly in onr ages see 
Their banners wave again. 

Cor. Saw yon Aufidins ? 

Lart. On safe-gnard he came to me; and did cnrse 
Against the Volsces, for they had so vilely 
Yielded the town : he is retir'd to Antinm. 

Cor. Spoke he of m e ? 

Lart. He did, my lord. 

Cor. ^ow? what? 

Lart. How often he had met yon, sword to sword^ 
That of all things upon the earth he hated 
Yonr person most ; that he would pawii his fortnnes 
To hopeless restitution, bo he might 
Be coll'd yonr Tanqoisher. 


ISO C0B10L&NU8. [Mr ni. 

Cor. At Antinm lives ha ? 

Lart. At Antinm. 

Cor. I wish I had a caxiae to seek him there, 
T' oppose his hatred fully. Welcome home. 

Enter Siciniub and B&UTua. 
Behold, these are the tribaues of the people, 
The tonpnee o' the c ommon month :_I^o d eapise them ; 
For they do prank them in anthority, 
Against all noble enfferance. 

Sic. PaBB no farther. 

Cor. Ha ! what is that ? 

Bni. It will be dangeroQB to go on : no farther. 

Cor. What makes this change ? 

Men. The matter ? 

Com. Hath he not pass'd the nobles and the commons ?"" 

Bru. CominiUB, no. 

Cor. HaTe I had children's Toices ? 

First Sen. Tribunes, give way ; he shall to the market- 

Bni. The people are inoens'd against him. 

Sic. Stop, 

Or all will fall in broil. 

Cor. Are these yonr herd ? — 

Hast these have voices, that can yield them now. 
And straight disclaim their tongnes ? — What are your o£Bces ? 
Yoa being their months, why rnle yon not their teeth 9 
Have yon not set them on ? 

Men. Be calm, be calm. 

Cor. It is a pnrpos'd thing, and grows by plot. 
To curb the will of the nobility : 
Snffer 't, and live with snch as cannot role, 
Nor ever will be ml'd. 

Bru. Call't not a plot : 

The people cry yon mock'd them ; and of late, 
When com was given them gratis, yon repin'd ; 
Scandal'd the anppUants for the people, — call'd them 
Time-pleasers, flatterers, foes to nobleness. 

Cor. Why, this was known before. 

Sru. Not to them all. 

Do,i,.cd by Google 

Mffn L] COBIOLAKUa 181 

Cor. Have yon mfotm'd them sitlience ? 

Bru. How ! I inform them 1 

Cor.°-^ You're like to do snch bnsineBs. 

Bra. Not nDlike, 

Each way, to better yoars. 

Cor. Why, then, ebonld I be oonsal ? By yond clondB, 
Let me deeerre so ill as yoa, sDd make me 
YooT fellow tribane. 

Sic. You show too much of that 

For which the people stir : if yon will pass 
To where yoa're- boacd, yoa mast inquire yonr way, 
Which yoa are out of, with a geatler spirit ; 
Or nerer be so noble as a coDsnl, 
Nor yoke with him for tribnoe. 

Men. Let's be calm. 

Com. The people are abos'd : set on. This paltering 
Becomes not fiome ; nor has Coriolanns 
Deserv'd this so dishonoar'd rub, laid falsely 
I' the plain way of his merit. 

Cor. Tell me of com 1 

This was my speech, and I will gpeak't again, — 

Men. Not now, not now. 

Firtt Sen, Not in this heat, sir, now. 

Cor. Now, as I live, I will. — My nobler friends, 
I crave their pardons : — 
For the matable, rank-scented many, let them 
Begard me as I do not flatter, and 
Therein behold themselres : I say again, 
Li soothing them, we noarish 'gainst oar senate 
The cockle of rebellion, insolence, sedition. 
Which we ourselves hare ploagh'd for, sow'd, and scatter'd. 
By mingling them with us, the hononr'd number ; 
Who lack not virtue, no, nor power, but that 
Which they have given to beggars. 

Men. Well, no more. 

Firgt Sen. No more words, we beseech you. 

Cor. How ! no more I 

As for my country I have shed my blood. 
Not fearing outward force, so shall my langa 
Coin words till their decay against those measles. 



Which we diedain shonld tetter hb, yet songht 
The very way to catch them. 

Bni. You speak o' the people, 

As ifyoa were a god to pnnish, not 
A man of their infirmity. 

Sic. 'Twete well 

We let the people know't. 

Men. What, what? his choler? 

Cor. Choler! 
Were I as patient as the midnight sleep. 
By JoTC, 'twould be my mind ! 

Sic. It is a mind 

That shall remain a poison where it is, 
Not poison any further. 

Cor. Shall remain ! — 

Heat you this Triton of the minnows ? mark you 
His absolute " shall" ? 

Com. 'Twas from the canon. 

Cor. "Shall"! 

good,""" bat most unwise patricians ! why, 
You grave, but reckless senators, have you thus 
Given Hydra heart to choose an officer,"'* 
That wiUi his peremptory " shall," being but 
The horn and noise o' the monster,"**'' wants not spirit 
To say he'll turn your current in a ditch, 
And make yonr channel his ? If he have power. 
Then vail your ignorance ; if none, awake 
Your dangerous lenity."**' If you are leam'd,"*** 
Be not as common fools ; if you are not, 
Let them have cushions by you. You are plebeians,""* 
If they be senators : and they are no less. 
When, both your voices blended, the great'et taste 
Most palates theirs. They choose their magistrate ; 
And snch a one as he, who puts his " shall," 
His popular " shall," against a graver bench 
Than ever frown'd in Greece. By Jove himself. 
It makes the consuls base I and my sonl aches 
To know, when two authorities are up, 
Neither supreme, how soon confasion 
May enter 'twixt the gap of both, and take 


•onra I.} COBIOLANDB. 

The one by th' other. 

Com. Well, — on to the market-place. 

Cor. Whoever gave that counsel, to give forth 
The com o' the storehouse gratis, as 'twas us'd 
Sometinie in Greece, — 

Men. Well, well, no more of that. 

Cor, Thongh there the people had more absolute 
power, — 
I say, they nonrish'd disobedience, fed 
The rain of the state. 

Bru. Why, shall the people give 

One that speaks thus their voice ? 

Cor. I'll give my reasons, 

More worthier than their voices. They know the com 
Was not our recompense, '^"' resting well asanr'd 
They ne'er did service for't : being preea'd to the war, 
Even when the navel of the state was touch'd, 
They would not thread the gates : — this kind of service 
Did not deserve com gratis : being i' the war. 
Their mutinies and revolts, wherein they show'd 
Most valour, spoke not for them : th' accusation 
Which they have often made against the sefate, 
All cause nubom, could never be the motive**"^ 
Of our so frank donation. Well, what then ? 
How shall this bissos multitude"'*' digest 
The senate's courtesy ? Let deeds express 
What's like to be their words : — " We did reqnest it ; 
We are the greater poll, and in tme fear 
They gave us our demands :" — thus we debase 
The nature of oar seats, and make the rabble 
Call our cares feats ; which will in time break ope 
The locks o' the senate, and bring in the crows 
To peck the eagles. 

Men. Come, enough."''* 

Brtt. Enough, with Over-measure. 

Cor. No, take more : 

What may be sworn by, both divine and human. 
Seal what I end withal ! — This double worship, — 
Where one"'" part does disdain with cause, the other 
Insult without all reason ; where gentry, title, wisdom. 



Cannot cocolnde bat by tbe yea and do 

Of general ignorance, — it tnaet omit 

Real necessities, and give way tbe wbile 

T' unstable sligbtness : porpose bo ban'd, it follows, 

Nothing is done to purpose. Therefore, beseech yon, — 

Yon that will be less fearful than discreet ; 

That love tbe ftindamental part of state 

More than yon doubt the change on't ; that prefer 

A noble life before a long, and wish 

To imp a body with a dangerous physic*^'*' 

That's snre of death without it, — at once pluck out 

The m'ultitudinons tongue ; let them not lick 

The sweet which is their poison : your dishonoar 

Mangles true judgment, and bereaves the state 

Of that integrity which should become *t ; 

Not having the power to do the good it would, 

For th' ill which doth control 't. 

Bra. 'Has said enough. 

Sic. 'Has spoken like a traitor, and shall answer 
As traitors do. 

Cor. Thon wretch, despite o'erwhelm thee ! — 
What should the people do with these bald tribunes ? 
On whom depending, their obedience fkils 
To the greater bench : in a rebellion. 
When what's not meet, but what must be, was law. 
Then were they chosen : in a better hour. 
Let what is meet be said it must be meet. 
And throw their power i' the dust. 

Btu. Manifest treason 1 

Sic. This a consul ? no. 

Bru. The lediles, ho I 

Enter an MdHo. 

Let him be apprehended. 
Sic. Go, oaU the people [Exit jEdile] : — in whose name 
Attach thee as a traitorous innovator, 
A foe to the public weal : obey, I charge thee. 
And follow to thine answer. 

Cor. Hence, old goat I 


aoExt L] C0BI0L1NU8. 186 

Sen. and Pat. We'll surety him. 

Com. AgiA sir, haude off."'** 

Cor. Hence, rotten thing 1 or I shall shake thy hones 
Ont of thy garments. 

Sie. Help, ye citizens 1 

Enter a rahble of Citizens, with the ..Sldiles. 

Men. On hoth sides more respect. 

Sic. Here's he that would take from yon all yoor power. 

Bru. Seize him, (ediles ! 

Citizena. Down with him ! down with him ! 

Sen. Pat. dc. Weapons, weapons, weapons! 

[They all buslU about Corioianut. 
Tribanes ! — Patricians ! — Citizens ! — What, ho ! — 
Sicinias ! — Brains ! — Coriolantis ! — Citizens I — 
Peace, peace, peace t — Stay, hold, peace!"'** 

Men. What is aboat to be ? — I'm oat of breath ; 
Confasion's near; I cannot speak. — ^Yon, tribones. 
Speak""* to the people : — CoriolamiB, patience : — 
Speak, good Sicinins. 

Sic. Hear me, people ; peace ! 

Citizent. Let's hear oar tribune : peace 1 — Speak, apeak, 

Sic. Yon are at point to lose yonr liberties : 
Maroias woold have all &om yon ; Marcins, 
_Whom late yon have nam'd for consul. 

Men. Fie, fie, fie ! 

This is the way to kindle, not to qnench. 

Firtt Sen. t' onboild the city, and to lay all flat. 

Sie. What is the city but the people ? 

Citizetu. True, 

The people are the city. 

Bru. By the consent of all, we were establish'd 
The people's magistrates. 

Citizens. You so remain. 

Men. And so are like to do. 

Cor. That is the way to lay the city flat;"'® 
To bring tiie roof to the foundation. 
And bury all, which yet distinctly ranges. 
In heaps and piles of rain. 


ise COBIOLANUS. [lorni. 

Sic. This deserres death. 

Bru. Or let as stand to oni anthoritj. 
Or let us lose it. — We do here pronoance, 
Upon the part o' the people, in whose power 
We were elected theirs, Marcias is worthy 
Of present death. ~ - 

iSts: — - • Therefore lay hold of him ; 
Bear him to the rock Tarpeian, and from thence 
Into destmction cast him. 

Bru. ^diles, seize him ! 

Citizens. Yield, Maroias, yield t 

Men. Hear me one word : 

Beseech yon, trihnnes, hear me bqt a word. 

jEd. Peace, peace ! 

Men. Be that yon seem, tmly your country's friends,""' 
And temperately proceed to what yon wonld 
Thns Tiolently redress. 

Bru. Sir, those cold ways. 

That seem like prudent helps, are very poisonons 
Where the disease is violent. — Lay hands upon him. 
And bear him to the rock. 

Cor. No, m die here. IDrawing kit aword. 

There's some among yoa have beheld me fighting : 
Come, try npon yourselves what yon have seen me. 

Men. Down with that aword ! — Tribunes, withdraw awhile. 

Bru. Lay hands npon him. 

Men. Help, help*""' Marcins, help. 

Yon that be noble ; help him, young and old I 

Citizens. Down with him ! down with him I 

[Jn this mutiny the Triiun4^s, tlie jEdiles, 
and the People are beat in. 

Men. Go, get you to your'^'" house ; be gone, away ! 
All will be na)ight else. 

Sec. Sen. Get you gone. 

Cor."""' Stand fast ; 

We have as many friends as enemies. 

Men. Shall it be put to that ? 

First Sen. The gods forbid !— 

I prithee, noble friend, home to thy bonse; 
Leave us to cnre this cause. 


■ens I.] OOBIOLAKua 167 

Men, For 'tie a bom opon na. 

You caanot tent yonrself : be gone, beseech yon. 

Com.'^^ Come, sir, along with us. 

Cor. I would they were barbarians,^*" aa they are, 
Though in Rome litter'd ; not Romane, as they are not, 
Thoagfa calv'd i' the porch o' the Capitol — 

Men. Begone; 

Put not yonr worthy rage into yoar tongce; 
One time will owe EUiotber. 

Cor. On fair ground 

I could beat forty of them.' 

Men. I could myself 

Take up a brace o' the best of them ; yea, the two tri- 

Com. But now 'tis odds beyond arithmetic ; 
And manhood is call'd foolery, when it stands 
Against a falling fabric. — Will you hence. 
Before the tag return ? whose rage doth rend 
Like interrupted waters, and o'erbear 
What they are na'd to bear. 

Men. Pray you, be gone : 

I'll try whether m y old wit be in request 
With those that hav e but little : this must be patch'd 
With cloth of any colour. 

Com. Nay, come away. 

[Exeunt Coriolanus, Cominiut, and otherf. 

Firtt Pat. This man has marr'd hia fortune. 

Men. His nature is too noble for the world : 
He would not flatter Neptune for his trident, 
Or Jove for's power to thunder. His heart's his mouth: 
What his breast forges, that his tongue must vent ; 
And, being angry, does forget that ever 
He heard the name of death. — [A noise within. 

Here's goodly work ! 

Sec. Pat. I would they were a-bed ! 

Men. I wonld they were in Tiber t What, the Tcugeance, 
Could he not speak 'em &ir ? 

Be^enter Brutus and Sicintus, vn'ih the rahUe. 
Sic. Where is this viper, 


1S8 COaiOLAKUS. [aot m. 

That wonld depopulate the cit?, and 
Be every man himaelf ? 

Men. Yon worthy tribaneB, — 

Sic. He shall be thrown down the Tarpeian rock 
With rigoroae hands ; he hath reaiated law, 
And therefore law shall ecom him further trial 
Than the severity of the public power. 
Which he so sets at naught. 

First Cit. He shall well know 

The noble tribunes are the people's mouths, 
And we their hands. 

Citizens. He shall, sure on't. 

Men. Sir, sir, — 

Sic. Peace! 

Men. Do not cry havoc, where you should but hunt 
With modest warrant. 

Sic. Sir, how comes 't that yon 

Have holp to make thi g. rescue ? 

Men. Hear me speak : — 

As I do know the consul's worthiness. 
So can I name bia tanlts, — 

Sic. Consnl ! — ^whst consul? 

Men. The consul Coriolanas. 

Bru. Heconaul!*'" 

Citizem. No, no, no, no, no. 

Men. If, by the tribanes' leave, and yonrs, good people, 
I may be heard, I'd crave a word or two ; 
TJie which shall torn you to no farther harm 
Than so much loss of time. 

Sic. Speak briefly, then ; 

For we are peremptory to dispatch 
Thia viperous traitor : to eject him hence 
Were but our*^*" danger ; and to keep him here 
Oar certain death : there fore it is decreed 
He dies to-night. 

Men. ' Now the good gods forbid 

That our renownM Bome, whose gratitude 
Towards her deaervM children is enroU'd 
In (Tove'fl own book, like an nnnatnral dam 
Should now eat ap her own t 



Sic. He's a disease that mast be cut away. 

Men. O, he's a limb that has but a disease ; 
Mortal, to out it off ; to cnre it, easy. 
What has he done to Borne that's worthy death ? 
Eilling our enemies, the blood he hath lost — 
Which, I dare Tonch, is more than that he bath, 
By many an onnce — be dropp'd it for his country ; 
And what is left, to loae it by his conntry, 
Were to ns all, that do't and saffer it, 
A brand to th' end o' the world. 

Sie. This is clean kam. 

Bru. Merely awry ; when he did love hie country. 
It hoDoor'd him. 

Men. The service of the foot 

Being once gangren'd, is not then respected 
For what before it was."*" 

Bra. We'll hear no more. — 

Pnrsne him to bis honse, and pluck bim thence ; 
Lest his infection, being of catching nature. 
Spread farther. 

Men. One word more, one word. 

This tiger-footed rage, when it shall find 
The barm of anscann'd swiftness, will, too late. 
Tie leaden ponnds to's heels. Proceed by process ; 
Lest parties — as he is beloT'd — break ont, 
And sack great Rome with Romans. 

Bru. If it were so, — 

Sic. What do ye talk ? 
Hare we not had a taste of his obedience ? 
Oar »diles smote ? ourselves resisted ? — Come, — 

Men. Consider this : — he has been bred i' the wars 
Since he could draw a sword, and ts ill school'd 
In bolted language ; meal and bran together 
He throws without distinction. Give me leave, 
m go to him, and andertake to bring him 
Where he shall answer, by a lawful form, — ■ 
In peace,' — to his utmost peril."*" 

Firft Sen. Noble tribunes. 

It is the humane way : the other course 
Will prove too bloody ; and. the end of it 


190 COBIOLANUS. [ui m. 

Unknown to the beginning. 

Sic. Noble Menenins, 

Be you, then, m the people's officer. — 
MasterB, lay down yonr wespons. 

Bra. Go not home. 

Sic. Meet on the market-place. — We'll attend you there : 
■Where, if you bring not Marcins, we'll proceed 
In onr firet way. 

Men. I'll bring him to you. — {To the Senators] Let me 
Desire your company : he mnat come, or what 
Is worst will follow. 

First Sen. Pray yon, let us to him. lEzeant. 

SoBNB n. A room in Cobiolanus's home. 
Enter Cobiolakub and Pfttricians. 

Cor. Let them pull all about mine ears ; present me 
Death on the wheel or at wild horses' heels ; 
Or pile ten hills on the Tarpeian rock. 
That the precipitation might down stretch 
Below the beam of sight ; yet will I still 
Be thus to them. 

First Pat. Yoa do the nobler."*'' 

Cor. ' I muse my mother 
Does not approve me farther, who was wont 
To call them woollen vassals, things created 
To buy and sell with groats ; to show bare heads 
In congregations, to yawn, be still, and wonder, 
When one but of my ordinance stood up 
To speak of peace or war. 

Enter VoLtHNiA. 
I talk of yon : 
Why did yon wish me milder ? wo^ld y on h ave me 
False to my nat nre ? Bather say, I play 
""The man I am.""'' 

Vol. O, sir, sir, sir,«*» 

I would have had yoa put yonr power well on. 
Before yoa had worn it out. 


•onn n.] CORIOLANDS. 191 

Cor. Let go,"*" 

Vol, Yon might have been enongh the man yon are. 
With striving leas to be so : lesser had been 
The thwartingB of your disposition,""' if 
Yon had not show'd them how ye were diapos'd 
Ere they hick'd power to cross yon. 

Cor. Let them bang. 

Vol. Ay, and bnm too.*"* 

Enter Mknbhicb and Senatots. 

Men. Come, come, yoo've been too rough, something too 
Yon mnst return and mend it. 

First Sen. There's no remedy ; 

Unlees, by not ao doing, our good city 
Cleave in the midst, and perish. 

Vol. Pray, be connsell'd: 

I have a heart as little apt as yonrs, 
Bat yet a brain that leads my use of anger 
To better vantoge."** 

Men. Well said, noble woman ! 

Before he should thns stoop to th' herd,'"" but thai 
The violent fit o' the time craves it as physio 
For the whole state, I'd put mine armonr on. 
Which I can scarcely bear. 

Cor. What must I do ? 

' Men. Betum to the tribonee. 

Cor. WeU, what then ? what then ? 

Men. Repent what you have spoke. 

Cor. For them ? — I cannot do it to the gods ; 
Must I, then, do't to them ? 

Vol. You are too absolute ; 

Though therein you oan never be too noble, 
But when extremities speak. I've heard you Bay, 
Honour and poUcy, like unsever'd friends, 
r the war do grow together : grant that, and tell me, 
In peace what each of them by th' other lose,"*" 
That they combine not there. 

Cor. Toah, tush I 

Men. A good demand. 


193 00M0LANU8. [iCi 

Vol. If it be h oDOar ia yonr ware to seem 
The Hama roTi are not. — which, for yaui beat ends , 
Y55~a3[optyour policy, — how ie it le aa or wore e, 
TESfit-BhaU-l i o ld i:Ompg Sion6hip in peaca 
w ith noDonr, as in war^ since that to Iwtb 
ITelAndB in li£e reqnest ? 

Cor. "Why force yoa this ? 

Vol. Becanee that now it lies yon on"''' to apeak 
To the people ; not by your own instniction, 
Nor by the matter which yonr heart prompts you,***" 
Bat with gnch words that are bnt rooted in 
Yonr tongue,''*" thoagh bnt bastarda, and Byllablea"*" 
Of no allowance"*" to yonr bosom's truth. 
Now, this no more dishononrs yon at all 
Than to take in a town with gentle words. 
Which else wonld pnt yon to yonr fortnne, and 
The hazard of much blood. 
I wonld dissemble with my nature, where 
]Uy fortunes and my friends at stake requir'd 
I should do 80 in hononr : I am, in this, 
Yonr wife, yoar son, these senators, the nobles ; 
And yon will rather show our general louts 
How yon can frown than Spend a fawn upon 'em. 
For the inheritance of their loves, and safeguard 
Of what that want might rnin. 

Men. Noble lady ! — 

Come, go with us ; speak fair: yon may salre so. 
Not what is dangerous present, but the loss 
Of what is past. 

Vol. I prithee now, my son, 

Go to them, with this bonnet in thy hand ; 
And thus far having stretch'd it, — here be with them, — 
Thy knee bussing the stones, — for in such business 
Action is eloquence, and th' eyes of th' ignorant 
More learned than the ears, — waving thy head, 
Which often, thus, correcting thy etont heart. 
Now humble'***' as the ripest mulberry 
That will not hold the handling, — say"*^ to them, 
Thon art their soldier, and, being bred in broils. 
Hast not the soft way which, thou dost confess. 


■onn 11.3 CORIOIANttS. 

Weie fit for thee to iiBe, as they to claim, 
In saking their good loveB ; bat thon wilt frame 
Thyself, forsooth, hereafter theirs, so far 
As thou hast power and person. 

Men. This bnt done. 

Even as she speaks it,"**' why, their hearts were yours ; 
For they have pardons, being asb'd, as free 
As words (0 little porpose. 

Vol. Prithee now, 

Oo, and be ral'd : althongh I know thon badst rather 
Follow thine enemy in a fiery gnlf 
Than flatter him in a bower.— Here is Com 

Enter CoMiiniifl. 

Com. I've been i' the market-place ; and, sir, 'tis fit 
YoQ make strong party, or defend yonrself 
By cahnness or by absence : all's in anger. 

Men. Only fair speech. 

Com. I think 'twill serve, if he 

Can thereto frame his spirit. 

Vol. He mast, and will. — 

Prithee now, say yon will, and go abont it. 

Cor. Mnst I go show them my nnbarb'd sconce? moat I 
With my base tongne give to my noble heart 
A lie that it mnst hear ? Well, I will do't : 
Yet, were there bnt this single plot to lose. 
This moald of Marciae, they to dast should grind it. 
And throw't against the wind. — To the market-place ! — 
You've put me now to such a part, which never 
I shall discharge to the life. 

Com. Gome, come, we'll prompt yon. 

Vol. I prithee now, sweet son, — as thon hast said 
My praises made thee first a soldier, so. 
To have my praise for this, perform a part 
Thon hast not done before. 

Cor. Well, I must do't : 

Away, my disposition, and possess me 
Borne harlot's spirit t my throat of war be tom'd, 
Which quirfed"*" with my drum, into a pipe 
Small as an eunuch's,"*** or the virgin voice 

VOL. VI. o 


194 COBIOLANCB. Lict m. 

Thst babies Inlla asleep I''"' the smiles of kmiTea 
Tent in my cheeks ; and schoolboys' tears take ap 
The glasseB of my eight ! a beggar's tongae 
Make motion throagh my lips ; and my arm'd knees. 
Who bow'd bnt in my stirrap, bend like his 
That bath receiv'd an alms ! — I will not do't ; 
Lest I anrceaae to bonoor mine own tratb, 
And b; my body's action teach my mind 
A most inherent baaenesa. 

Vol. At thy choice, then : 

To beg of thee, it ie my more dishononr 
Than thon of them. Come all to rnin : let 
Thy mother rather feel thy pride than fear 
Thy dangerone stoatness ; for I mock at death 
With as big heart as thon. Do as thon list. 
Thy Taliantness was mine, thon snck'dst it ttom me ; 
Bat owe"** thy pride thyself. 

Cor. Pray, be content : 

Mother, I'm going to the market-place ; 
. Chide me no more. FU mountebank their loves, 
Cog their hearts from them, and come home beloT'd 
Of all the trades in Home. Look, I am going : 
Commend me to my wife. I'll return consnl ; 
Or never trnst to what my tongae can do 
I' the way of flattery farther. 

Vol. Do yonr will. [Exit. 

Com. Away ! the tribnnee do attend yon : arm yourBelf 
To answer mildly; for they are prepar'd 
With acoasations, as I hear, more strong 
Than are npon yon yet. 

Cor. The word is "mildly:" — pray yon, let as go: 
Let them accnse me by invention, I 
Will answer in mine honour. 

Men. Ay, bat mildly. 

Cor. Well, mildly be it, then, — mildly! [Exeunt. 


sonn m.] COBIOIANCS. IH 

, ScEHB m. The same. The Forum. 

Enter SiciniDS and Brutus. 
Bra. In this point charge him home, — that he afTeots 
Tyraimical powet : if he evade hb there, 
Eoforce him with his obt; to the people; 
And that the spoil got on the Antiates 
Was ne'er distribnted. 

Eraor an Mdi\». 
What, will he come ? 

jEd. He's coming. 

Bru. How accompanied? 

^d. With old Menenins, and those senators 
That always &Totu'd him. 

Sic. Hare yoa a catalogue 

Of all the voices that we have procar'd. 
Set down by the poll? 

^d. I have; 'tia ready."** 

Sic. Have yon collected them by tribes ? 

Md. I have. 

Sic, Assemble presently the people hither : 
And when they hear me say, " It shall be so 
I' the right and strength o' the commons," be it either 
For deaUi, for fine, or banishment, then let them. 
If I say fine, cry " Fine," — if death, cry " Death ;" 
Insisting on the old prerogative 
And power i' the trath'^''' o' the cause. 

£d. I shall inform them. 

Bru. And when sach time they have began to' ory, 
Let them not cease, bnt with a din oonfas'd 
Enforce the present execution 
Of what we chance to sentence. 

jEd. Very well. 

Sic. Make them be strong, and ready for this hint, 
When we shall hap to give't them. 

Bra. Go aboat it.— [Exit jEdUe. 

Pat him to choler straight ; he hatb been ns'd 
Ever to conquer, and to have his worth'"'' 


196 CORIOLAK0B. [urt iii. 

Of contradiction : being once chaf d, he cannot 
Be rein'd again to temperance ; then he speaks 
What's in his heart ; and that is there which looks 
With ti8 to break bia neck. 

Sic. Well, here he conies. 

Ihder CoBioiANDB, MENEKins, Cohihiub, Senatois, aitd Patricians. 

Men. Calmlj, I do beseech yon. 

Cor. A7, aa an ostler, that for the poorest piece 
Will bear the knave b; the volume. — The hononr'd gods 
Keep Bome in safety, and the chairs of justice 
Supplied with worthy men ! plant lore among 'a 1 
Throng""' our large temples with the shows of peace. 
And not onr streets with war 1 

First Sen. Amen, amen. 

Men. A noble wish. 

Me-enter JEdSe, with Citizens. 

Sic. Draw near, ye people. 

^d. List to yonr tribnnea ; andience ! peace, I say! 

Cor. First, hear me speak. 

Both Tri. Well, say.— Peace, ho !""> 

Cor. Shall I be charg'd no further than this present ? 
Mast all determine here ? 

Sic. I do demand, 

If you submit yon to the people's voices, 
Allow their of&cers, and are content * 

To saffer lawfnl censure for such faults 
As shall be prov'd upon you ? 

Cor, I'm content. 

Men. Lo, citizens, he says he is content : 
The warlike service he has done, consider ; think 
Upon the wounds his body bears, which show 
Like graves i' the holy churchyard. 

Cor. Scratches with briers, 

Soars to move laughter only. 

Men. Consider farther. 

That when he speaks not like a citizen. 
You find him like a soldier : do not take 
His rougher accents"**" for malicious sounds, 



But, 88 I Bftj, finch as become & soldier, 
Rather than envy joa. 

Com. Well, well, no more. 

Cor. What is the matter, 
That being pass'd for consnl witi fnll voice 
Vm so diabonoor'd, that the Yery hoar 
Yon take it off again ? 

Sic. Answer to as. 

Cor. Say, then : 'tis true, I ought so. 

(Sic. We charge yon, that you have contriv'd to take 
From Rome all season'd office, and to wind 
Yourself into a power tyrannical ; 
For which yoa are a traitor to the people. 

Cor. How! traitor! 

Irfyn. Nay, temperately; your promise. 

Cor. The fires i* the lowest hell fold-in the people ! 
Gall me their traitor ! — Thou injurions tribune 1 
Within thine eyes sat twenty thousand deaths. 
In thy hands clatch'd as many millions, in 
Thy lying tongue both numbers, I would say 
" Thou liest" unto thee with a voice as free 
As I do pray the gods. 

Sic. Mark you this, people ? 

Citizeiu. To the rock, to the lock with him !***" 

Sic. Peace ! 

We need not pat new matter to bia charge : 
Wliat you have seen him do, and heard him speak. 
Beating your officers, cursing yonrselvea, 
Opposing laws with strokes, and here defying 
Those whose great power must try bim ; even this, - 
So criminal, and in such capital kind. 
Deserves th' extremest death. 

Bru. But since he hath 

Serv'd well for Borne, — 

Cor. What do you prate of service ? 

Bru. I talk of that that know it. 

Cor. You? 

Men. Is this the promise that yon made yonr mother ? 

Com. Enow, I pray yoa, — 

Cor. VU know no farther :°" 


"Let them pioBoniice the Bteep Tarpeiau death, 
Vagabond exile, flaTing, pent to linger 
Bnt with a grain a day, — ^I would not bny 
Their mercy at the price of one fair word ; 
Nor check my courage'"'" for what they can give, 
To haTe't with aaying " Good morrow." 

Sic. For that he has, 

Ab mncb as in him lies, from time to time 
Envied againBt the people,""" seeking means 
To pluck away their power ; as now at last 
Qiven hostile strokes, and that not in the presence 
Of dreaded justice, but on the ministers 
That do distribute it ; — in the name o' the people, 
And in the power of as the tribunes, we. 
Even from this instant, banish him our city; 
In peril of precipitation 
From off the rock Tarpeian, never more 
To enter our Rome gates : i' the people's name, 
I say it shall be so. 

CitizenB. It shall be so, 

It shall be so ; let him away: he's banish' d. 
And it shall be so. 

Com. Hear me, my masters and my common friends, — 

Sic. He's sentene'd ; no more hearing. 

Com. Let me epeak : 

I have been consul, and can show for"*'" Rome 
Her enemies' marks upon me. I do love 
My country's good with a respect more tender. 
More holy, and profoond, than mine own life. 
My dear wife's estimate, her womb's increase. 
And treasure of my loins ; then if I would 
Speak that, — 

Sic. We know your drift ;— apeak what ? 

Bru. There's no more to be said, but be is banish'd. 
As enemy to the people and bis country: 
It shall be so. 

Citizens. It shall be so, it shall be so. 

Cor, You common cry of curs ! whose breath I hate 
Aa reek o' the rotten fens, whose loves I prize 
As the dead careasses"*" of unbnried men 



That do cormpt my air, — I banish yoa ; 

And here remain with your nncertaio^ I 

Let every feeble mmocr shake year hearts I 

Yonr eoemieB, with nodding of their plnmes. 

Fan yoo into despair ! Have the power Btill 

To banish yonr defenders ; till at lenj^h 

Yonr ignorance, which finds not till it feels. 

Making not^"* reservation of yonrselTes, 

Still yonr own foes, deliver yon, as most 

Abated"*" captivee, to some nation 

That won yon without blows ! Despising, then,*"** 

For yon, the city, thns I tnm my back : 

There is a world elsewhere. 

[Exeunt Coriolanua, Cominiui, Menenius, 
Senators, and Patriciant. 

JEd. The people's enemy is gone, is gone ! 

Citiizena. Onr enemy is hanish'd ! he is gone 
Hoo ! hoo 1 [Shouting, and throwing up their cape. 

Si€. Qo, see him ont at gates, and follow him. 
As he hath foUow'd yoa, with all despite ; 
Give him deserv'd vexation. Let a gnard 
Attend ns tbioagh the city. 

CiHzene. Come, come, let's see him oat at gates ; come, 
come : — "**• 
The gods preserve onr nohle tribnnes ! — come. [Exeimt. 


SoBNE I. Rome. Before a gate of the city. 
Enter Cobiolakctb, VoLtmHiA, Virgilia, Kbnbmios, Cokiniub, 
and teveral ynung Patriciaoe. 
Cor. Come, leave yonr tears; a brief &rewell: — the beast 
With many beads batts me away. — Nay, mother, 
Where is yonr ancient courage ? yon were ns'd 
To say extremity was the trier of spirit ;"*" 



That common diancee oommoB men could bear ; 

That, when the sea was calm, all boats alike 

Shov'd maBtership in floating ; fortune's blows. 

When moat strnck home, being gentle wounded, crayes"*** 

A noble canning : you weie ue'd to load me 

With precepts that would make invincible 

The heart ttiat coun'd them. 

Vir. heavens ! heavens ! 

Cor. Nay, I prithee, woman,— 

Vol. Kow the red pestilence strike all trades in Rome, 
And occupations perish ! 

Cor. What, what, what I 

I shall be lov'd when I am lack'd. Nay, mother. 
Resume that spirit, when you were wont to say. 
If f oa had been the wife of Hercules, 
Six of his UboiiTB you'd have done, and sav'd 
Your husband so much sweat. — Cominins, 
Droop not ; adieu. — Farewell, my wife, — my mother : 
I'll do well yet. — Thou old and true Menenins, 
Thy tears are Salter than a younger man's. 
And venomous to thine eyas. — My sometime general, 
I've seen thee stern, and thou hast oh beheld 
Heart-hardening spectacles; tell these sad women, 
'Tis fond to wail inevitable strokes, 
ka 'tis to laugh at 'em. — My mother, yon wot well 
My hazards still have been your solace : and 
Believe't not lightly, — though I go alone. 
Like to a lonely dragon, that his fen 
Makes fear'd and talk'd of more than seen, — ^yoar son 
Will or exceed the common, or be caught 
With cantelouB baits and practice. 

Vol. My first son,""' 

Whither wilt thou go ? Take good Cominius 
With thee awhile : determine on somo course. 
More than a wild exposure''^ to each chance 
That starts i' the way before thee. 

Cor. the gods ! 

Com. I'll follow thee a month, devise with thee 
Where thon shalt rest, that thou mayst hear of us. 
And we of thee : so, if the time thrust forth 


soiin uO COBIOLAKUS. 301 

A canse for thy repeal, we ehall not send 
O'er the vast world to seek a single man ; 
And lose advantage, which doth ever cool 
I' th' sbeence of the needer. 

Cor. Fare ye well : 

Thoa'at years npon tfaee; and thoa art too full 
Of the wars' surfeits, to go ioto with one 
That's yet unbroia'd : bring me hat out at gate. — 
Come, my sweet wife, my dearest mother, and 
My friends of noble touch ; when I am forth, 
Bid me farewell, and smile. I pray yon, come. 
While I remain above the groond, yon shall 
Hear from me still ; and never of me anght 
Bat what is like me formerly. 

Men. That's worthily 

As any ear can hear. — Come, let's not weep. — 
If I conld shake off but one seven years 
From these old arms and legs, by the good gods, 
I'd with thee every foot. 

Cor. Give me thy hand : — 

Come. [Exeunt. 

SoBMB n. The same. A street near the gate. 
Enter Sicinios, Brvtds, and an ^Edila 
Sic. Bid them all home;*"** he's gone, and well no 
farther. — 
The nobilify are vex'd, whom we see have sided 
In his behalf. 
^ Bra. Now we have shown onr power, 

Let ns seem hnmbler after it is done 
Than when it vnis a-doing. 

Sic. Bid them home : 

Say their great enemy is gone, and they 
Stand in their ancient strength. 

Brw. Dismiss them home. [Exit^dile. 

Here comes his mother. 

Sie. Let's oot meet her. 

Bru. "Why ? 


909 GOBIOLANna. [iCT iv. 

Sic. They say sha'a mad. 

Bru. They have ta'en note of as : keep on yooi way. 

Enter VoLnuNU, Yiboilia, tmd Mekenidb. 

Vol. 0, ye're well met: the hoarded plague*"*' o' the 
Beqnite yooi love ! 

Men. Peace, peace ; be not bo lond. 

Vol. If that I could for weeping, you should hear, — 
Nay, and yoa shall hear Bome. — [To Brutus] Will yon be 

Vir, [to SUnniut] Yoa shall stay too : I woold I had the 
To Bay BO to my hnsband. 

Sic. Are yon mankind ? 

Vol. Ay, fool ; ib that a shame ? — Note bnt this fool. — 
Was not a man my &ther ? Hadst thon fozahip 
To banisli him that stnick more blows for Bome 
Than thoa hast apoken words ? — 

Sic. blessM heavens ! 

Vol. More noble blows than ever thon wise"'" words ; 
And for Bome's good. — I'll tell thee what ; — yet go : — 
Nay, but thoa shalt stay too : — ^I would my son 
Were in Arabia, and thy tribe before him, 
His good sword in his hand. 

Sic. What then ? 

Vir. What then I 

He'd make an end of thy posterity.'"*' 

Vol. Bastards and idl. — 
Good man, the wounds that he does bear for Bome t 

Men. Gome, come, peace. 

Sic. I would he had oontinu'd to his country 
As he began, and not nnknit himself 
The noble knot he made. 

Bru. I would he had. 

Vol. "I would he had"! 'Twas youincens'd the rabble; — 
CatB,"^" that can judge as fitly of his worth 
As I can of those myBteriefl which heaven 
Will not have earth to know. 

Bru. Pray, let ns go. 



Vol, Now, pray, sir, get you gone : 
Yon'Te done a brave deed. Ere yon go, hear thia : — 
As far as doth the Capitol exceed 
The meanest house in Borne, eo tas my son, — 
This lady's husband here, this, do you see, — 
Whom you have banish'd, does exceed you all. 

Bru. Well, well, we'll leave you. 

Sic. Why stay we to l>e baited 

With one that wants her wits ? 

Vol. Take my prayers with you. — 

[Exeunt Tribunee. 
I would the gods had nothing else to do 
But to confirm my curses ! Could I meet 'em 
But once a-day, it would anclog my heart 
Of what lies heavy to't. 

Men. Yoa've told them home ; 

And, by my troth, you've cause. You'll sup with me ? 

Vol. Anger's my meat ; I sup upon myself. 
And so shall starve with feeding. — Come, let's go : 
Leave this faint puling, and lament as I do. 
In anger, Juno-like. Come, come, come. 

Men. Fie, fie, fie !°™ {Exeunt. 

SoBNE m. A highway between Rome and Antium. 
Enter a Roman and a Tolace, meeting. 

Bom. I know you well, sir, and you know me : your name, 
I think, is Adrian. 

VoU. It is BO, sir : truly, I have foi^ot yon. 

Rom. I am a Boman ; and my services are, as yon are, 
against 'em : know you me yet ? 

VoU. Nicanor ? no. 

Rom. The same, sir. 

Vols. You had more beard when I laat aaw yon; hut your 
fitvour is well approved by your tongue.*"" What's the news 
in Borne 9 I have a note &om the Volacian state, to find you 
out there : you have well saved me a day's journey. 

Rom. There hath been in Borne Btrange insurrections; 
the people against the senators, patricians, and nobles. 



aM OOBIOIiAHOS. [101 nr. 

Fob. Hath been! ie it ended, then ? Onr state thinks not 
BO : the; are in a most warlike preparation, and hope to come 
Qpon them in the heat of their dirision. 

Rom. The main blaze of it is past, but a small thing 
would make it flame again ; for the nobles receive bo to 
heart the banishment of that worthy Coriolaons, that the; 
ore in a ripe aptness to take all power irom the people, and 
to plnck from them their tribunes for erer. This lies glow- 
ing, I can tell yon, and is almost mature for the violent 
breaking out. 

Vols. Coriolanas banished ! 

Bom. Banished, sir. 

Vols. You will be welcome with this intelligence, Kicanor. 

Bom. The day serves well for them now. I have heard 
it said, the fittest time to corrupt a man's wife is when she's 
&llen out with her husband. Yoor noble Tollus Aufidius 
will appear well in these wars, his great opposer, Coriolanns, 
being now in no request of his country. 

Vols. Ee cannot choose. I am most fortunate thus acci< 
dentally to encounter yon : you have ended my business, and 
I will merrily accompany you home. 

Bom. I shall, between this and supper, tell you most 
strange things from Rome ; all tending to the good of their 
adversaries. Have you an army ready, say you ? 

Vole. A most royal one ; the centurions and their charges, 
distinctly billeted, already in the entertainment, and to he on 
foot at an hoar's warning. 

Bom. I am joyful to hear of their leadineBS, and am the 
man, I think, that shall set them is present action. So, sir, 
heartily well met, and most glad of your company. 

Vols. You take my part from me, sir ; I have the most 
caase to be glad of yours. 

Bom. Well, let ua go together. [Exeunt. 

Scene IV. Antivm. Before Aurmins's house. 
Enter Oohiolakhb in mean apparel, disguised and muffled. 
Cor. A goodly city is this Antinm. — City, 


•cms v.] COBIOLAKUS. 205 

'Tis I that made thy widows : many an heir 

Of these fair edifices 'fore my wars 

HftTe I heard groan and drop : then know me not; 

Lest that thy wives with spits, and boys with stones. 

In puny battle slay me. 

Enter a Citizen. 
Save you, sir. 

Cit. And you. 

Cor. Direct me, if it be yonr will, 

Where great Anfidias lies : is he in Antinm? 

Cit. He ia, and feasts the nobles of the state 
At his house this night. 

Cor. Which is his hoase, beseech yoa ? 

Cit. This, here, before yon. 

Cor. Thank yoa, sir : &rewell. 

[Exit Citizen. 
world, thy slippery tarns I Friends now &st sworn. 
Whose doable bosoms seem to wear one heart, 
Whose hoase, whose bed, whose meal, and exercise, 
Are still together, who twin, as 'twere, in love 
Unsepsrable, shall within this faonr,"'^ 
On a dissension of a doit, break ont 
To bitterest enmity : so, fellest foes, 
Whose passions and whose plots have broke their sleep 
To take the one the other, by some chance, 
Some trick not worth an egg, shall grow dear fiiends 
And interjoin their issues. So with me : 
My birth-place hate I, and my love's npon 
This enemy town."^"' — I'll enter : if he slay me, 
He does fair jastice ; if he give me way, 
I'll do his country service. lExii. 

ScBKE V. The game. A haU in AupiDrns's house. 
Music within. Eater a Servant. 
Firtt Sero. Wine, wine, wine! — What service is here! I 
think oar fellows are asleep. {^Exit. 


3M COMOLAKUB. [*m it. 

Enter a second Servant. 

See. Serv. VPliere's Coins ? my master calls for him. — 

Cotasl [£ari(. 

Enter CoEiOLANns. 

Cor. A goodly house : the feast smells well ; but I 

Appear not like a gnest. 

Re-enter the first Servant. 

First Serv. What would you have, friend? whence are 
yon ? Here's no place for you : pray, go to the door. [EjAt. 

Cor. I have deserv'd no better entertainment 
In being Coriolanus. 

Se-enter second Servant, 

See. Serv. Whence are you, sir ? — Has the porter his eyes 
in his head, that he gives entrance to such companions? — 
Pray, get yon out. 

Cor. Away! 

Sec. Seiv. Away ! get yon away. 

Cor. Now thon'rt troublesome. 

Sec. Serv. Are you so hraye ? I'll have you tailed with 

Enter a third Servant. d'^i 

Third Serv. What fellow's this ? 

Sec. Serv. A strange one as ever I looked on : I cannot 
get him out o' the house : prithee, call my master to him. 

Third Serv. What have you to do here, fellow ? Pray ■ 
you avoid the house. 

Cor. Let me but stand ; I will not hart your hearth. 

Third Serv. What are you ? 

Cor. A gentleman. 

Third Serv. A marvellous poor one. 

Cor. True, so I am. 

Third Serv. Pray you, poor gentleman, take up some 
other station ; here's no place for you ; pray yon, avoid ; 

Cor. Follow yoar fauction, go. 
And batten on cold bits. [IMskes him away. 


acnm t.] COBIOLANDS. 207 

Third Serv. Wliftt, yon will not ? — Prithee, tell my master 
what a strange gnest he has here. 

Sec. Serv. And I shall. [Exit. 

Third Serv. Where dwellest thoa ? 

Cor. Under the canopy. 

Third Serv. Under the canopy! 

Cor. Ay. 

Third Serv. Where's that? 

Cor. T the city of kites and crows. 

Third Serv. V the city of kites and crows ! — What an ass 
it is! — Then thoa dwellest with daws too ? 

Cor. No, I serve not thy master. 

Third Serv, How, sir I do yon meddle with my master ? 

Cor. Ay; 'tis an honestet service than to meddle with thy 
Thoa prat'st, and prat'st; serve with tb^ trencher, hence ! 

[Beatt him in. 

Enter AcFroins, miik the seaond Serraut. 

Ai^. Where is this fellow ? 

Sec, Serv. Here, sir : I'd have beaten him like a dog, bat 
for distarbing the lords within. [The two Servants retire. 

Auf. Whence com'st thoa? what wonldst thoa? thy - 
name ?''^*' 
Why speak'st not? speak, man : what's thy name? 

Cor. If, TnlluB,"*** [f/nwu^in^. 

Not yet thoa know'st me, and, seeing me, dost not 
Think ms for the man I am, necessity 
Commands me name myself. 

AvS. What 18 thy name? 

Car. A name onmosical to the Yolsoians' ears,*"" 
And harsh in sonnd to thine. 

Auf, Say, what's thy name ? 

Thoa hast a grim appearance, and thy face 
Bears a command in 't ; though thy tackle's torn, 
Thoa show'st a noble vessel : what's thy name ? 

Cor. Prepare thy brow to frown : — know'st thon me yet? 

Auf. I know thee not : — thy name ? 

Cot, My name is Cains M8rciue,^ho bath done 
To Uiee porticalarly and to all the Tolsoes 



Gre&t hnrt and miacliief ; thereto witness ma; 

My samame, Coriolanns : the painfal service. 

The extreme dangers, and the drops of blood 

Shed for my thankless country, are requited 

Bat with that surname ; a good memory. 

And witaess of the malice and displeasure 

"Which thoa ahouldst bear me : only that name ri 

The cmelty and envy of the people, 

Permitted by oar dastard nobles, who 

Have all forsook me, bath devoor'd the rest; ' 

And saSer'd me by the voice of Blaves to be 

Whoop'd oat of Rome. Now, this extremity 

Hath broaght me to thy hearth ; not ont of hope — 

AGstabe me not — to save my life ; for if 

I had fear'd death, of all the men i' the world 

I wonld have 'voided thee ; but in mere spite, 

To be fnU qait of those my banishers. 

Stand I before thee here. Then if tboa hast 

A heart of wreak in thee, that will"™' revenge 

Thine own particular wrongs, and stop those mdms 

Of shame seen through thy coantry, speed thee straight, 

And make my misery serve thy tarn : so ase it, 

That my revengeful services may prove 

As benefits to thee ; for I will fight 

Against my canker'd country with the spleen 

Of all the ander fiends. Bat if so be 

Thoa dar'st not this, and that to prove more fortanes 

Thon'rt tir'd, then, in a word, I also am 

Longer to live most weary, and present 

My throat to ^e and to thy ancient malice ; 

Which not to cut would show thee bat a fool. 

Since I have ever foUow'd thee with hate. 

Drawn tuns of blood oat of thy country's breast, 

And cannot live bat to thy shame, onless 

It be to do thee service. 

A.uf, O Marcius, Marcius I 

Each word thou hast spoke hath weeded from my heart 
A root of ancient envy. If Jupiter 
Should from yond cloud ^)eak divine things, 
And say " 'Tis true," I'd not believe them more 



Thftn thee, all-noble Marcias."^ — Let me twise 

Mine anns abont that body, where against 

My grainM ash an hundred times hath broke, 

And Bcar'd the moon wiUi splinters :"**' here I clip 

The anvil of my aword ; and do contest 

As hotly and as nobly with thy lore 

As ever in ambitions strength I did 

Contend against thy valonr. Know thon first 

I lov'd the maid I married ; never man 

Sigh'd truer breath; bnt that I see thee here, 

Thon noble thing ! more dances my rapt heart 

Than when I first my wedded mistress saw 

Bestride my threshold. Why, thon Mars ! I tell thee, 

We have a power on foot ; and I had pnrpose 

Once more to hew thy target from thy brawn. 

Or lose mine arm for't : then hast beat me out 

Twelve several timea, and I have nightly since 

Dreamt of encounters 'twixt thyself and me ;' 

We have been down together in my sleep, 

Unbockling helms, fisting each other's throat, 

And wak'd half dead with nothing. Worthy Marcias, 

Had we no quarrel else"^ to Rome, but ^t 

ThoQ art tiience banish'd, we would mnster all 

From twelve to seventy; and, ponring war 

into the bowels of nngrateM Borne, 

Like a bold flood o'er-bear.'^*" O, come, go in. 

And take oar friendly senators by the hands ; 

Who now are here taking their leaves of me. 

Who am prepar'd gainst your territories, 

Tbongh not for Rome itself. 

Cor. YoQ bless me, gods ! 

Auf. Therefore, most absolnte sir, if thon wilt have 
The leading of thine own revenges, take 
Th' one half of my commission ; and pet down — 
As best thon art experienc'd, since thon know'st 
Thy country's strength and weakness — thine own nays ; 
Whether to knock against the gates of Kome, 
Or mdely visit tbem in parts remote, 
To fright them, ere destroy. Bat come in :""' 
Let me commend thee first to those that shall 

VOL. TI. p 


310 COBIOL&inJS. [UK IT. 

Say yea to tby deeiMS. A tboasand welcomes ! 
And more a friend than e'er an enemy ; 
Yet, Matcina, that was mnch. Tonr hand : most welcome I 
[^Exeunt Coriolanua and Aujtdiut. — Tke 
two Servants ccnneforuiard. 

First Serv. Here's a strange alteration I 

Sec. Serr. By my hand, I had thonght to have Htrackeo 
him with a cadgel ; and yet my mind gave me his olothes 
made a false report of him. 

First Serv. What an arm he has ! he turned me abont 
with his finger and his thumb as one wonld set np a top. 

Sec. Sen-, Nay, I knew by hia foce that there was wmie- 
thing in him : he had, air, a kind of face, meihoaglit,-~-[ 
cannot tell how to term it. 

First Serv. He had bo; looking as it were, — Wonld I 
were hanged, bat I thonght there was more in him than I 
conld think. 

Sec. Sen: So did I, I'll be sworn : he is aimply the rarest ' 
man i' the world. 

First Serv. I think he is : bnt a greater soldier than he 
you wot on.*"* 

Sec. Serr. Who, my master ? 

First Serv. Nay, it's no matter for that. 

Sec. Serv. Worth six on him. 

First Serv. Nay, not so neitiier : bat I take him to be 
the greater soldier. 

Sec. Serv. Faith, look yon, one cannot tell how to say 
that : for the defence of a town onr general is excellent. 

First Serv. Ay, and for an assanlt too. 

Se- enter third Sarvant. 

Third Serv. slaves, I can tell yon news, — news, you 

First and See. Serv. What, what, what ? let'a partake. 

Third Serv. I would not be a Eoman, of all nations; I 
had as lief be a condemned man. 

First and Sec. Serv. "Wherefore ? wherefore ? 

Third Serv. Why, here's he that was wont to thwack onr 
general, — Cains Marcins. 

First Serv. Why do yon say " thwack onr general" ? 


aom T.] COBIOLAHTTS. 911 

Third Sen. I do not Ba; " thwack cor general ;" bot he 
was always good enongh for him. 

See. 8erv. Come, we are fellows and Mends : he was erer 
too hard for him ; I hare heard him say so himself. 

Fint Serv. He was too hard for him directly, to say the 
troth on't : before Corioli he scotched him and notched him 
like a carbonado. 

Sec. Serv, An he had been cannibally giveD, he might have 
Ittoiled"* and eaten him too. 

Firgt Serv. Bnt, more of thy news ? 

Third Sere. Why, he is so made on here within aa if he 
were son and heir to Mars ; set at npper end o' the table ; 
no qnestion asked him by any oCithe senators, bnt they stand 
bald before him : our general himself makes a miatjess of 
him ; sanctifies himself with's hand, and turns np the white 
o' the eye to his disconrse. Bnt the bottom of the news is, 
onr general is ont i' the middle, and but one half of what he 
was yesterday ; for the other has half, by the entreaty and 
grant of tile whole table. He'll go, he says, and Bowl the 
porter of Rome gates by the ears : be will mow all down be- 
fore him, and leave his passage polled. 

Sec. Sen. And he's as like to do't as any man I can 

T}Urd Serv. Do'tt he will do't; for, look yoa, air, he has 
as many Mends aa enemies ; which Mends, sir, as it were, 
durst not, look yon, sir, show themselves, as we term it, his 
Mends whilst he's in directitade.'"°' 

First Serv. Direotitnde I what's that? 

Third Serv, But when they shall see, sir, his crest np 
again, and the man in blood, they will ont o£ their burrows, 
like conies after rain, and revel all with him. 

First Serv. Bnt when goes this forward ? 

Third Serv. To-morrow; to-day; presently; yon shall 
have the dmm struck np this afternoon : 'tis, as it were, a 
parcel of their feast, and to be executed ere they wipe their 

See. Serv. Why, then we shall have a stirring world 
again. This peace is nothing,"*" bnt to rust iron, increase 
tailon, and breed ballad-makers. 

First Serv. Let me have war, say I ; it exceeds peace as 



Car RB day do6B nigbt ; it's spritely, v&king,<"" audible, and 
fall of vent."" Peace is a very apoplexy, lethargy ;°'" mul- 
led,'"* deaf, sleepy j"*" iosensible ; a getter of more bastard 
children than war's"*" a destroyer of men. 

Sec. Serv. 'Tis so: and as war, in some sort, may be said 
to be a ravisber, so it cannot be denied bat peace is a great 
maker of cnokolds. 

Firgt Serv. Ay, and it makes men hate one another. 

Tkird Serv. Reason; because the^ then less need one 
another. The wars for my money. I hope to see Bomann as 
cheap as Yolscians. — They are rising, they are rising. 

All Three. In, in, in, in ! lExetmt. 

Scene YI. Rome. A public place. 
Enter Sicirios and BRurna. 

Sic. We hear not of him, neither need we fear him ; 
His remedies are tame i' the present peace"*" 
And qnietness of the people, which before 
Were in wild hnrry. Here do we make his friends 
Blnsh that the world goes well ; who rather had, 
Thongh they themselves did safier by't, behold 
Dissentioas nombers pestering streets, than see 
Our tradesmen singing in their shops, and going 
Abont their Unctions friendly. 

Bru. We stood to't in good time. — Is this Menenias? 

Sic. 'Tis he, 'tis he : 0, he is grown most kind 

Enter Mbnenius. 
Hail, sir! 

Bru. Hail, sir !"»' 

Men. Hail to yon both t 

Sic. Year Coriolanna, sir,'*°°' is not mnch miss'd 
But with his friends : the commonwealth doth stand ; 
And so wonid do, were he more angry at it. 

Men. All's well ; and might have been mnch better, if 
He could have temporiz'd. 

Sic. Where is he, hear yon ? 


mamn n.] COBIOLAKUS. ai3 

Men. Nay, I hear nothinf; ; hia mother and his wife 
Sear nothing from him. 

Enter three or/our Citizens. 

Citizens. The goda preserve yoa both I 

Sic. Ood-den, onr neighbonrs. 

Bra. Ood-den to yoa all, god-den to yoa all. 

First Cit. OarBelves, onr wives, and children, on onr 
Am bound to pray for yon both.*"" 

Sic. Live, and thrive ! 

Bru. Farewell, kind neighbonrs : we wish'd Coriolanas 
Had lov'd you as we did. 

Citizens. Now the gods keep you t 

Both Tri. Farewell, farewell, [Exeunt Citizens. 

Sic. This is a happier and more comely time 
Than when these fellows ran abont the streeta 
Crying confusion. 

£ru. Cains Marcias was 

A worthy officer i' the war ; but insolent, 
O'ercome with pride, ambitions past all thinkiDg, 
Self-loving, — 

Sic. And affecting one sole throne. 

Without assistance. 

Men. I think not so.'™' 

Sic. We should by this, to all our lamentation. 
If he had gone forth consul, found it so. 

Bra. The gods have well prevented it, and Rome 
Sits safie and still without him. 

Enter an MdHe. 

JEd. Worthy tribnnes. 

There is a slave, whom we have pnt in prison, 
Beports, the Volsces with two several powers 
Are enter'd in the Soman territories. 
And with the deepest malice of the war 
Destroy what lies before 'em. 

Men. 'Tis Aufidina, 

Who, hearing of our Marcias' banishment, 
Throsts forth his home again into the world ; 

jb,Googlc — 


Whieh were mahell'd vhen Msrciofl stood for Borne, 
And durst not once peep oat. 

Sic. Come, what talk yon 

Of Marcins ? 

Bra. Go aee Uiia romonrer whipp'd. — It cannot be 
The VolBcea dsre break with ns. 

Men. ' Cannot be I 

We have record that very well it can ; 
And three examples of the like have been 
Within my age. Bnt reason with the fellow. 
Before yon punish him, where he heard this ; 
Lest yon shall chance to whip yonr information, 
And beat the mesaenger who bids beware 
Of what is to be dreaded. 

Sie. Tell not me ; 

I know this osnnot be. 

Sra. Mot possible. 

Enter a Mesaenger. 

Me$i. The nobles in great earnestness are going 
All to the senate-hoase : some news is come 
That tnins their coontenances.""" 

Sic. 'Tie this slave; — 

Qo whip bim 'fore the people's eyes : — his raising ; 
Nothing bnt bis report. 

Me8». Yes, worthy sir, 

The slave's report ia seconded ; and more, 
More fearfdl, ia deliver'd. 

Sic. What more fearfiil? 

Mets. It is spoke &eely out of many montha — 
How probable I do not know — that Marcins, 
Join'd with Anfidias, leads a power 'gainst Bome, 
And Towa revenge as spacions aa between 
The yoong'at and oldest thing. 

Sic. This is most likely I 

Bru. Baia'd only, that the weaker sort may -wiah 
Good Marcins""*' home again. 

Sic. The veiy trick on't. 

Men. This ia anlikely : 
Be and Anfidins oan no more atone 



Thau TioleuteHt contrariety.'*'*' 

£iUer a second Messenger. 
Sec. Meat. Yon are sent for to the senate : 
A fearM army, led by Caina Marcins 
ABBOcisted with Anfidiae, ragea 
Upon our territories ; and have already 
O'erbome their way, consoni'd with fire, and took 
What lay before them. 

Enter Comihiub. 

Com, O, you have made good work ! 

Men. What news ? what news ? 

Com. YoaVe holp to ravish year own daughters, and 
To melt the city leads npon yoar pates ; 
To 86e yooi wives dishosonr'd to your noses, — 

Men. What's the news ? what's the news ? 

Con. Yoar temples bnrndd in their cement ; and 
Your franchises, whereon yon stood, confin'd 
Into an aoger's bore. 

Men. Pray now, yoar news ? — 

You've made fur vrork, I fear me. — Pray, yonr news ? — 
If Mardas shonld be join'd vrith Yolscians, — 

dm. If] 

He is their god : he leads them like a thing 
Made by some other deity than nature, 
Hiat shapes man better ; and Uiey follow him. 
Against ns brats, vrith no less confidence 
Than boys pnraiiing smnmer bntterflies. 
Or bntchera killing flieB.*"® 

Men. Yon've made good work, 

Yoa and yoar apron-men ; yoa that stood so moch 
Upon the voice of oocapation and 
The breath of garlic-eaters ! 

Com. He will shake 

Yonr Rome abont yonr ears. 

Men. As Hercnles 

Did ahake down mellow firait. — You've made fitir work I 

Bra. Bat is this tne, sir ? 

Com. Ay ; and yoa'll look pide 



Before joo fiod it other. All the regions"*" 

Do Bmilingly rerolt ; and who resist 

Ate mock'd**"*' for TRliant ignorance. 

And perish constant fools. Who is't can blame him ? 

Your enemies and his find something in him. 

Men. We are all undone, onless 
The noble man have mercy. 

Com. Who shall ask it? 

The tribones cannot do't for shame ; the people 
Deserve sach pity of him as the wolf 
Does of the shepherds ; for his beat friends, if they 
Shonld say, " Be good to Borne," they charg'd him eveo 
Ab those fihonld do that had deserr'd his hate, 
And therein show'd like enemies.""*' 

Men. "lie true : 

If he were putting to my hoase the brand 
That should consume it, I have not the face 
To say, " Beseech yon, cease." — You'Te made &ir haads> 
Yon and your crafts ! yon've crafted Mr ! 

Com. You'Te brought*"*' 

A trembling upon lUime, such as was never 
So incapable of help. 

Both Tri. Say not, we brought it. 

Men. How I Was it we ? we lov'd him ; but, like beiwts'- 
And cowardly nobles, gave way unto your clusters. 
Who did hoot him out o' the city. 

Com. But I fear 

They'll roar him In again. Tullua Anfidius, 
The second name of men, obeys his points 
As if he were his officer : — desperation 
Is all the pohcy, strength, and defence, 
That Borne can make against them. 

JSnler a troop of Citizens. 
Men. Here come the olasterfl. — 

And is Aafidius with him 7 — Yon are they 
That made the air unwholesome, when yon cast 
Your stinking greasy caps in hooting at 
Coriolanus' exile. Mow he's coming ; 
And not a hair upon a soldier's head 


wcwtmm.^ OOBIOLANUS. S17 

Which will not prove a whip : aa many coxcombs 
As yoo threw oaps op will he tnmble down, 
And pay yov for yonr roiceB. 'Tia no matter ; 
If he oonld bom na all into one coaI> 
We have deseiT'd it. 

Citixent. Faith, we hear fearful news. 

Fir$t Cit. For mine own part, __ 

When I said, banieh him, I said, 'twas pity. 

Sec. Cit. And so did I. 

Third Cit. And bo did I ; and, to say the tratb, bo did 
rery many of ns : that we did, we did for the best ; and though j 
we willingly consented to his banishment, yet it was against f 
onr will. J 

Com. Ye're goodly things, yoo voices I 

Men. YoQ have made 

Good work, you and yonr ciy ! — Sball 's to the Capitol ? 

Com. 0, ay, what else? ^Exeunt Cominius and Menenius. 

Sic. Qo, masterB, get yoa home ; be not dismay'd : 
Theae are a side that would be glad to have 
This true which they bo aeem to fear. Qo home. 
And show no sign of fbar. 

First Cit. The gods be good to aa! — Come, masters, let's 
home. I, ever said we were i' the wrong when we banished 

See. Cit. So did we all. Bnt, come, let's home. 

[^Exeunt Citixena. 
Bru. I do not like thiB news. 
Sic. Nop I. 

Bru. Let's to the Capitol. — Would half my wealth 
Would boy this for a lie t 

Sic. Pray, let us go. [Exeunt. 

SoEHE Tn. A eamp, at a gmaU distance from lUtme. 

Enter Adfidius and his lieutenant. 
Auf. Do they still fiy to the Roman ? 
Lieu. I do not know what witchcraft's in him, bat 
Yoor soldiers ose him as the grace 'fore meat. 


^18 COBIOLUmS. [iox n 

Their talk at table, and their thanks at end; 
And yoa are darken'd in this atftios, sir, 
Even by yoTir own. 

AuJ. I cannot help it now, 

Unless, by asing means, I lame the foot 
Of oar design. He bears himBelf more prondlier. 
Even to my person, than I thought he wonld 
When first I did embraee him : yet his natnre 
In that's no changeling ; and I mast excase 
What cannot be amended. 

lAea. Yet I wish, sir, — 

I mean for your partionlar, — yon had not 
Join'd in commission with him ; bat either 
Had**^" borne the action of yoorself, or else 
To him had left it solely. 

Avf. I Qoderstand thee well ; and be thon snre, 
When be shall come to his acconnt, he knows not 
What I can nrg« against him. Altiiongh it seems, 
And BO he thinks, and is no less apparent 
To the vulgar eye, that he bears all things fiurly. 
And shows good hnsbandry for theYolscian state, 
fights dragon-like, and does achieve as soon 
As draw his sword ; yet he hath left nndona 
That which shall break his neck or hazard mine, 
Whene'er we come to oar acconnt. 

liea. Sir, I beseech yon, think yon he'll carry Borne? 

Avf, AH places yield to him ere he sits down ; 
And the nobility of Borne are his : 
The senators and patricians love him too : 
The tribnnes are no soldiers ; and their people 
Will be as rash in the repeal, as hasty 
T' expel him thence. I think he'll be to Borne 
As is the osprey to the fish, who takes it 
By sovereignty of nature. First he was 
A noble servant to them ; bat he ooald not 
Garry his honoors even : whether 'twas pride, 
Which oat of daily fortnne ever taints 
The happy man ; whether defect of judgment, 
To fail in the disposing of those chances 
Which he was lord of; or whether nature, 


■onni.] OOBIOLANtrS. U0 

Kot to be other than one thing, not moving 

From the casque to the cushion, bnt commanding peace 

Even with the same aasteiity and garb 

As he oontroU'd the war; bat one of these — 

As he hath spices of them all, not all. 

For I dare so for free him — made him fear'd, 

So hated, and so banish'd :'*^* but he has a merit, 

To choke it in the atterance. So our virtues'"*' 

lie** in th' interpretation of the time ; 

And power, mito itself most commendable, 

Hath not a tomb so evident as a chair 

T' eitol what it hath done.^*^ 

One fire drives oat one fire ; one nail, one nail ; 

Itights hy rights falter, strengths by strengths do &il.°*'' 

Come, let's away. When, Cains, Rome is thine, 

Thoa'rt poor'at of all ; then shortly art thou mine. [^Exsuut. 

SOHNB I. Rotne. A public place. 

Enter Mbnenius, CoHitnus, Siciniub, Brctds, and others. 

Men. No, I'll not go : yon hear what he hath said 
'Which was sometime his general ; who lov'd him 
In a most dear particolar. He call'd me father : 
Bnt what o' that ? Go, yon that banish'd him ; 
A mile before his tent fail down, and knee 
The way into his mercy : nay, if he ooy'd 
To hear Cominins speak, I'll keep at home. 

Com. He would not seem to know me. 

Men, Do yoD hear ? 

Com. Yet one time he did call me by my name : 
I nrg'd onr old acquaintance, and the drops 
That we have bled together. Goriolanufl 
He would not answer to : forbad all names ; 
He was a kind of nothing, titleless. 


. 310 OOBIOIiANUa. [4(V 

Till he had forg'd himself a noma o' the fire 
Of burning Bome. 

Men. Why, ao, — ^you've made good work t 

A pair of tribaneB that have wreck'd fair Rome™" 
To make coala cheap, — a noble memory ! 

Com. I minded him how royal 'twas to pardon 
"When it was least**'" expected : he replied, 
It was a rare petition^" of a state 
To one whom they had pnnish'd. 

Men. Very well : 

Conid he eay lees ? 

Com. I offer'd to awaken his regard 
For 'b private friends : his answer to me was. 
He conld not Btay to pick them in a pUe 
Of noisome muBty chaff: he said 'twas folly. 
For one poor grain or two, to leave anbomt. 
And still to nose th' offence. 

Men. For one poor grain or two t 

I'm one of those ; his mother, wife, his child. 
And this brave fellow too, we are the grains : 
YoQ are the musty chaff; and yon are smelt 
Above the moon : we mast be bnmt for yon. 

Sic. Nay, pray, be patient : if yoo refuse your aid 
In this so never-needed help, yet do not 
Upbraid 'b with our distress. But, sure, if you 
Would be your country's pleader, your good tongue. 
More than the instant army we can make. 
Might stop our cooutryman. 

Men. No, I'll not meddle. 

iStc. Pray you now, go to him."*" 

Men. What should I do ? 

Bni. Only make trial what your love can do 
For Bome, towards Maroius. 

Men. Well, and say that Marcius**"* 

Return me, as CominiuB is retum'd, 
Unheard; what then? 
But BB a discontented friend, grief-shot 
With his unkindneBB? say't be bo? 

Sic. Yet your good will 

Must have that thanks &om Rome, after the measure 


ecun u.] OOBIOLAima. 331 

As yoa intended well. 

Men. m andertake 't : 

I think he'll hear me. Yet, to bite hie lip 
And hum at good Cominina, mach nnhearts me. 
He wAB not taken well ; he had not din'd : 
The TeinB nnfiU'd, oor blood ia cold, and then 
We pout upon the morning, are unapt 
To give or to forgire ; bat when we're BtnfTd 
These pipes and these conTeyoncee of oar blood 
With mne and feeding, we hare suppler sools 
Than in onx priest-like fasts : therefore I'll watch him 
Till he be dieted to my request, 
And then I'll set npon him. 

Bra. Yon know the very road into his Mndnees, 
And cannot lose your way. 

Men. Orooi faith, I'll prove him. 

Speed how it will, yoa''^ shall ere long hare knowledge 
Of my saooess. {Exit, 

Com. He'll never hear him. 

Sie. Not? 

Com, I tell yon, he does sit in gold, his eye 
Bed as 'twould bum Bome ; .and bis iujary 
The gaoler to his pity. I kneel'd before bir" ; 
'Twas very faintly he aaid " Rise ;" dismiss'd me 
Thns, with his speechless hand : what he woold do, 
He sent in writing after me ; what he wonid not, 
Boond with an oath to yield to his conditions :''"' 
So that all hope is vain. 
Unless in 's noble mother and bis wife i'^*^ 
Who, as I bear, mean to solicit him 
For mercy to his country. Therefore let 's hence, 
And vrith onr fair entreaties haste them on. [Exeunt, 

ScERB n. An ou^et ofUie VoUctan camp be/on 
The Sentinels at their atations. 

Enter to them Menbkius. 
Pints. Stay: whence are yon? 


3a COBIOLANUB. [act t. 

See. 8. Stand, aod go bnek.°^ 

Men. Ton guard like men ; 'tis well : but, by your leave, 
I am an officer of state, and come 
To speak with Coriolanus. 

First S. From whence? 

Men. From Rome. 

First S. Ton may not pass, you mnat return : our general 
Will no more bear from thence. 

Sec. S. Yonll see your Borne embrae'd with fire, before 
You'll speak with Coriolanus. 

Men. Good my friends. 

If you have heard your general talk of Borne, 
And of his friends Uiere, it is lots to blanks 
My name hath touch'd your ears : it is Menenias. 

First S. Be 't so ; go back : the virtue of yoor name 
Is not here passable. 

Men. I tell tiiee, fellow, 

Thy general is my lover : I have been 
The book of his good acts, whence men have read 
His fame anparallel'd, haply amplified ; 
For I have ever magnified**** my friends — 
Of whom he's chief — with all tiie size that verity 
Would vrithont lapsing safier : nay, sometimes, 
Like to a bowl upon a subtle ground, 
I've tumbled past the throw ; and in hia praise 
Have almost stamp'd the leasing : therefore, fellow, 
I must have leave to pass. 

First S. Faith, sir, if yon had told as many lies in hiR 
behalf as you have ottered words in your own, yon should 
not pass here ; no, though it were as virtoous to lie as to live 
chastely. Therefore, go back. 

Men. Prithee, fellow, remember my name is Menenias, 
always &ctionary on the party of your general. 

Sec, S. Howsoever you have been his Uar, as you say you 
have, I am one that, telling true under him, must say you 
cannot pass. Therefore, go back. 

Men. Has he dined, canst thou tell ? for Z would not speak 
with him till after dinner. 

F^rat S. Yon are a Boman, are you? 

Men. J am, as thy general is. 



i^rtt S. Then yoa ahoald hate Borne, as he does. Can 
yon, when yon have pushed ont your gates the Tety defender 
of them, and, in a violent popnlar ignorance, given yonr ene- 
my yoQT shield, think to &ont his revenges with the eagy**"^ 
groftUB of old women, the virginal pahns of yonr daughters, 
or with the palsied intercession of snch a decayed dotaot'^*'*' 
as yon seem to be ? Can yoa think to blow ont the intended 
fire your city is ready to flame in with such weak hreath as 
this? No, yon are deceived; therefore, back to Borne, and 
prepare for yoor execntion : yon are condemned, onr general 
has Bwora yoa oot of reprieve and pardon. 

Men. Sirrah, if thy captain knew I were here, he woald 
QBe me with eatimatioo. 

See. S. Come, my captain knows yon not. 

Men. I mean, thy general. 

Firat S. My general cares not for yon. Back, I say, go ; 
lest I let forth your half-pint of blood ; — back, — that's the 
atmoBt of yoor having : — back. 

Men. Nay, bnt, fellow, fellow, — 

EtU^ CoRiouHcrs oTid Au?ediub. 

Cor. What's the matter? 

Men. Now, yoa companion, I'll say an errand for yoa : 
yoa shall know now that I am in estimation ; yoa shall per- 
ceive that a Jack gnardant cannot office me from my son 
Coriolanns : gness, bat by''*" my entertainment with him, if 
thoa sttmdest not i* the state of hanging, or of some death 
more long in spectatorship, and cmeller in snfTering ; behold 
now presently, and swoon''*'" for what's to come apon thee. 
— (To Cor.] The glorious gods sit in hourly synod about thy 
particular prosperity, and love thee no worse than thy old 
&ther Menenias does ! O my son, my son I thon art pre- 
paring fire for us ; look thee, here's water to quench it. I 
was hardly moved to come to thee ; but being assured none 
but myself conld move thee, I have been blown out of our 
gates^' with sighs ; and conjure thee to pardon Borne, and 
thy petitionary ooantrymen. The good gods assuage thy 
wrath, and tarn the dregs of it upon this varlet here, — Uiis, 
who, like a block, hath denied my access to thee. 

Cor, Away! 


■324 CORIOIiANUS. [Mi v. 

Men. How ! away ! 

Cor. Wife, mother, c hild, I kno w not . My a^^ rti 
Are ser vaated to others : though I owe 
My rerenge properly, my ramission lies 
In Volscion hreasts. That we have been familiar, 
Ingrate fo^etfalneas shall poisoa, rather 
Than pity note how much.'™' Therefore, be gone. 
Mine ears against yonr snits are stronger tiian 
Yonr gates against my force. Yet, for I lov'd thee, 
Take this along ; I writ it for thy sake, [<7it-«« a letter. 

And woold have sent it. Another word, Menenias, 
I will not hear Uiee speak. — This man, Acfidina, 
Was my belov'd in Bomo ; yet thoa behold'st ! 

Avf. Yon keep a constsjit temper. 

[Exeuta Coriotanut and At^ivs. 

Firtt 8. Now, sir, is yonr name Menenins ? 

Sec. S. 'Tis a spell, yon see, of mnch power : yon know 
the way home again. 

First S. Do yon hear how we ore shent for keeping yonr 
greatness hack? 

Sec. S. What oanse, do yon think, I hare to swoon?***" 

Men. I neither care for the world nor yonr general : for 
snch things as yon, I can scarce think there's any, ye're so 
slight. He that hath a will to die by himself fears it not 
from another ; let yoor general do his worst. For yon, be 
that yon are, long ; and year misery increase with yonr age ! 
I say to yon, as I was said to, Away ! [Exit. 

Firet S. A noble fellow, I warrant him. 

Sec. S. The worthy fellow is oor general ; he's the rock, 
the oak not to be wind-shaken. l^Exeunt. 

Scene HI. The tent of CoBioi.A}tC8. 
HtUer CoBiOLANtrs, Adfidiub, and otJien. 
Cor. We will before the walls of Bome to-morrow 
Set down our host. — My partner in this action, 
Yon mnst report to the Volscian lords, how plainly 
I have home this business. 


•cm m.j COBIOLUIUa 3» 

Auf. Only their eada 

Yon have respected ; stopp'd yoor ears against 
The geneml suit of Borne ; nerer admitted 
A private whisper, no, not with sneh friends 
That thought tiiem sore of 70a. 

Cor. This last old Dum, 

Whom with a eraok'd heart I have sent to Borne, 
Lov'd me above the meaeare of a fiither ; 
Nay, godded me, indeed. Their latest refnge 
Was to send him ; for whose old love I hare, 
Thongh I show'd sourly to him, once more offer'd 
The first conditions, which they did refnse. 
And cannot now accept ; to grace him only 
That thought he conld do more, a very little 
Tre yielded to : fresh embassies and suits, 
Kor from the state nor private friends, hereafter 
Will I lend ear to. — Ha ! what shont is this ? {ShoKt within. 
Shall I be tempted to infringe my tow 
In the same time 'tis made ? I will not.*^^ 

Enter, m mourning habila, ViBOlLU, Yolchnia, leading young 
Maboiob, Valebia, and Attendanla. 
My wife comes foremost; then the hononr'd monld 
Wherein this tmnk was fram'd, and in her hand 
The grandchild to her blood. _Bat ont, affection ! 
All bond and privilege of natnre , break! 
Let it be virtnons to be obstinate. — 
What is that cnrt'sy worth ? or those doves' eyes, 
Which can moke gods forsworn ? — I melt, and am not 
Of stronger earth than others. — My mother bows ; 
As if Olympns to a molehill should 
Id supplication nod : and my young hoy 
Hath an asp^t of intercession, which 
Great Nature cries " I>eny not." — Let the Yolsces 
Plough Borne, and harrow Italy : I'll nnver 

Rn Bnnb a {Tftflh'"f; t^ "^"y JnHttnAt. ; bat Btajldj'"*' 

As if a man were author of himself. 
And knew no o^er kin._ 

Fir. My lord and husband ! 

Cot: These eyes are not the same I wore in Borne. 

TOL. n. q 



Fir. The sorrow that delivers na thna chang'd 
Makes yon tliink so. 

Cor. Like a dtiU actor now, 

I liaTe forgot my part, aad I am out. 
Even to a Aill disgrace. — Best of my fleah, 
Forgive my tyranny ; but do not aay, 
For that, " Forgive oar Bomans." 0, a kisa 
Long as my exile, sweet as my reveoge ! 
Now, by the jealoas qaeen of heaven, that kiss 
I carried from thee, dear ; and my tme lip 
Hath virgin'd it e'er since. — Yon gods I I prate,*"" 
And the moat noble mother of the world 
Leave onaalnted : sink, my knee, i' th' earth ; \KnetU. 

Of thy deep daty more impreaaion show 
Than that of common aons. 

Vol. 0, Btand ap bleaa'd 1 {Rainng him. 

Whilst, with no softer cndiion than the flint, 
I kneel before thee ; and improperly 
Show daty, as mistaken all this while 
Between the child and parent. 

{Kneels ,- he hastily raUe» her. 

Cor. What is thie ? 

Your knees to me ? to your corrected Bon ? 
Then let the pebbles on the hnngry beach***" 
Fillip the stars ; then let the mntinons winds 
Stri^ the proad cedars 'gainst the fiery snn ; 
Mardering impossibility, to make 
What cannot be, slight work. 

Vol. Thon art my warrior ; 

I Uolp"*" to frame thee. — Do yon know this lady? 

Cor. The noble sister of Pnblicola, 
The moon of Home ; chaste as the icicle. 
That's curded"*" by the frost from purest snow. 
And hangs on Dion's temple : — dear Valeria ! 

Vol. This is a poor epitome of yours. 
Which by th' interpretation of fall time 
May show like all yourself. 

Cor. The god of soldiers, 

With the consent of supreme Jove, inform 
Thy thoughts with nobleness ; that thoa mayet prove 


■am m.] COBIOUHUS. 

To shame aavnlDentble, and stick i' the wars 
liikfl a great sea-mark, standing every Saw, 
And saTing those that eye thee I 

Vol. Your knee, sinab. 

Cor. That's my hrave hoy 1 

Vol. Even he, your wife, this lady, uid myself. 
Are saitors to yoa. 

Cor. I beseeeh yon, peace : 

Or, if yoa'd ask, remember this before, — 
The things"*"* I have forsworn to grant may never 
Be held by yon denials. Do not bid me 
IMsmiss my soldiers, or oapitnlate 
Again with Rome's meehonics : — tell me not 
Wherein I seem tinnatnral : desire not 
T' allay my rages and rerenges with 
Your colder reasons. 

Vol. O, no more, no more ! 

You've said yoa will not grant as any thing ; 
For we have nothing else to ask, bnt that 
Which you deny already : yet we'll ask ; 
That, if we &il in oar raqnest,"^ the blame 
May hong apon yonr hardness : therefore hear no. 

Cor. Anfidias, and yon Volsoea, mark ; for we'll 
Hear nanght from Rome in private. — Yonr request ? 

Vol. Should we be silent and not speak, oar raiment 
And state of bodies would bewray what life 
We've led since thy exile. Think with thyself 
How more anfortunate than all living women 
Are we eeme hither: since that thy sight, which should 
Make our eyes flow with joy, hearts dance with comforts. 
Constrains them weep, and shake with fear and sorrow ; 
Making the mother, wife, and child, to Bee 
The son, the husband, and the father, tearing 
His country's bowels oat. And to poor we 
Thine enmity's most capital : then barr'st us 
Oar prayers to the gods, which ia a comfort 
That all bnt we enjoy ; for how can we, 
Alas, how can we for oux conntry pray, 
Whereto W6're bonnd, — together with thy victory. 
Whereto we're Jboand? alack, or we most lose 


338 oomoumis. l^e* ▼- 

The country, oar dear name, or else thy person, 

Onr comfort in the conntry. We must find 

Ad eyident calamity, thoogh we hod 

Onr ynsh, which side Bhoald win ; for either thon 

Mast, as a foreign recreant, be led 

With manacles thorongh onr streets, or else 

Triumphantly tread on thy conntry's min, 

And bear the palm for having bravely shed 

Thy wife and children's blood. For myself, son, 

I purpose not to wait on fortune till 

These wars detennine : if I cannot persuade thee 

Bather to show a noble grace to both parts 

Than eeefc the end of one, tboa shalt no sooner 

March to assanlt tby conntty than to tread — 

Trast to't, thon shalt not — on thy mother's vomb. 

That bronght thee to this world. 

Vir, Ay, and on mine,** 

That bronght yon forth this boy, to keep your name 

Living to time. 

Young Mar. 'A shall not tread on me ; 

I'll mn away till I'm bigger, bat then I'll fight. 
Cor. Not of a woman's tenderness to be, 

Beqoires nor child nor woman's face to see. 

I've sat too long. IRUinff. 

Vol, Nay, go not from ns thus. 

If it were so that our reqneBt did tend 
To save the Bomans, thereby to destroy 
The VolBces whom you serve, yon might condemn us. 
As poisonous of your honour : no ; our suit 
la, that you reconcile them : while the Yolsces 
May say, " This mercy we have show'd ;" the Bomans, 
" This we receiv'd ;" and each in either side 
Give the all-hail to tb^e, and cry, "Be bless'd 
For making up this peace !" Thon Icnow'st, great bod. 
The end of war's nncertoin ; but this certain, 
That, if thou conquer Borne, the benefit 
Which thon shalt thereby reap is such a name, 
Whose repetition will be dogg'd with curses; 
Whose chronicle thus writ, — " The man was noble. 
But with his lust attempt he wip'd it out; 


mBBMK m.] C0BI0LANU8. U 

DeBtroy'd his coontry ; and his name remainB 

To tb' enaning age abhorr'd." Speak to me, boh : 

Xhoa haat affected the fine"^ Btrains of honoar. 

To imitate the graces of the gods ; 

To tear vith thunder the wide cheeks o' tb' air. 

And yet to charge'*^ thy salphnr with a holt 

That Bhonid bat rive an oak. Why dost not speak? 

Thiuk'st tboa it honourable for a noble man 

Still to remember wrongs ? — Daagbter, speak yoa : 

He cares not for yoar weeping. — Speak tbon, boy : 

Perhaps thy childishness will move him more 

Than can onr reasons. — There's no man in the world 

More boond to's mother; yet here he lets me prate 

Iiike one 1' the stocks. — Thon'st never in thy life 

Show'd thy dear mother any coartesy ; 

"When she, poor hen, fond of no second brood, 

Has clnck'd thee to the wars, and safely home, 

Loaden with honoar. Say my reqaest's nnjost. 

And spurn me bock : but if it be not so, 

Tbon art not honest ; and the gods will plagne thee. 

That tboa restrain'st from me the daty which 

To a mother's part belongs. — He tarns away : 

Down, ladies ; let ns shame him with oar knees.***** 

To hiB Boniame Coriolanns 'longs more pride 

Than pity to onr prayers. Down : an end ; 

Thia is the last : — so we will home to Rome, 

And die among onr neighbours. — Nay, behold 'b : 

Thia boy, that cannot tell what he wonld have. 

Bat kneels and holds np hands for fellowship. 

Does reason onr petition with more strength 

Than thon hast to deny 't. — Gome, let ns go : 

This fellow had a Volacian to his mother; 

His wife is in Corioli, and this cbild°*" 

Like him by chance. — Vet give ns our dispatch ; 

I'm hnsh'd until our city be a- fire. 

And then I'll speak a little. 

Cor. {afier holding Volmnnia by the hand in aUence] 
mother, mother t 
What have yon done ? Behold, the heavens do ope. 
The gods look down, and thiB unnatural scene 


80 COBIOLUnra. [m T. 

They laugh at. my mother, mother t ! 
You've won a happy victory to Rome.; 
But, for your boh, — believe it, believe it. 
Most dangeroiiBly yoa have vitb him prevail'd. 
If not moBt mortal to him. But, let it come.— 
Aafidias, though I cannot make true wars, 
I'll frame convenient peace. Now, good Aufidius, 
Were you in my stead. Bay would yon have heard"*" 
A motiier leas ? or granted loBS, AaGdias ? 
Auf. I was mov'd wiUial. 

Cor. I dare be Bwom you were : 

And, air, it is no little thing to make 
Bline eyea to sweat compassion. But, good sir. 
What peace you'll make, advise me : for my part, 
m not to Rome, I'll back with yon ; and pray yon, 
Stand to me in this cauBe. — mother I wife ! 

Avf. \a»idx\ I'm glad thoa'st set thy mercy and thy hon- 
At difference in thee : out of that I'll work 
Myself a former fortune."**" 

[TAe laMe% mafte st^ru to Cortolaitwff. 
Cor. [to Vohmmia, Virgilia, tfc] Ay, by and by ; 
But we will drink together; and yon shall bear 
A better witness back than words, which we, 
On like conditions, will have connter-seai'd. 
Come, enter with us. Ladies, you deserve 
To have a temple bnilt you : all the swords 
In Italy, and her confederate arms. 
Could not have made this peace. \Exevmii. 

SoBNE IV. Home. A public place. 
Enter Menehiub with SioiKios. 
Men. See you yond coign o' the Capitol, — yond oorner- 

Sk. Why, what of that ?" 

Men. If it be posBible for you to displsce it with yoar 
little finger, there ia some hope the ladies of Rome, especially 



his mother, mayprev&il with him. Bat I say there ia no hope 
in't : oor throats are aentenced, and stay upon ezecntion. 

Sic. Is't possible that so short a time can alter the con- 
dition of a man ? 

Men. There is difTerency between a grub and a batterfly; 
^et your bntterfiy was a grub. This Marcins is grown from 
man to dragon : he has winge ; he's more than a creeping 

Sic. He loved hia mother dearly. 

Men. So did he me : and he no more remembers his 
mother now than an eight-year-old horse. The tartness of 
his face sours ripe grapes : when he walks, he moves like ao 
engine, and the ground shrinks before his treading: he is 
able to pierce a corslet with bis eye ; talks like a knell, and 
his ham is a battery. He sits in his state, as a thing made 
for Alexander.**^* What he bids be done, ia finished with 
his bidding. He wants nothing of a god but eternity, and a 
heaven to throne in. 

Sic. Yes, mercy, if yon report him traly. 

Men. I paint him in the character. Mark what mercy 
his mother shall bring from him : there is do more mercy in 
him than there is milk in a male tiger ; that shall oor poor 
ci^ find : and all tbiB is long of yon. 

Sic. The gods be good nnto as I 

Men. No, in snob a ease the gods will not be good onto 
Qs. When we banished him, we respected not tbem ; and, 
he retnming to break oor necks, th^ respect not ns. 

Jinler a Messenger. 
MesB. Sir, if yon'd save yonr life, fly to yoar hoase : 
The plebeians'"^ have got yonr fellow-tribnne. 
And hale him np and down ; all swearing, if 
The Roman ladies bring not comfort home, 
They'll give him death by inches. 

Enter a teeond Messenger. 
Sie. What's the news ? 

See. Meti. Oood news, good news; — the ladies hare pre- 
The Volseians are dislodg'd, and Mareina gone : 


S89 OOBIOLUf UB. [m v. 

A meirier da; did nerer yet greet Borne, 
No, Qot tb' expulsion of the Tarqnins. 

Sic. Friend, 

Art thoo certain this is tree ? is it roost certain 9 

Sec. Mess. As certain as I know the sun is fire r'"" 
Where have yoa lurk'd, that 70a make donbt of it ? 
Ne'er throngb an areh bo hnrried the blown tide 
As the tecomforted through the gates. Why, hark yon ! 

[TnimpeU and hautboys sounded, and drums beaten, 
all together; shouting also, within. 
The tnunpets, sackbate, psalteries, and fifes, 
Tabors, and cymbals, and the sboating Bomans, 
Make the stin dance. Hark you ! [^Shouting again within. 

Men. This is good news : 

I will go meet the ladies. This Yolamnia 
Is worth of consnls, senators, patricians, 
A city fnll ; of tribanes, snch as yon, 
A sea and land fall. YouVe pray'd well to-day : 
This morning for ten thoasand of yonr throats 
I'd not have given a doit. — Hark, how they joy ! 

[Shouting and music stUl, within. 

Sic. First, the gods bless you for your tidings; next. 
Accept my thankfuhiesB. 

Sec. Mess. Sir, we have all 

Great cause to give great thanks. 

Sic. They're near the city ? 

Sec. Mess. Almost at point to enter. 

Sic. We will meet them. 

And help the joy. [Exeunt. 

Scene ¥.<*"* The same. A street near the gate. 

Enter, in procession, Voldhnia, VmaiLiA, Yalbria, &c, aeeom- 
jmnied by Seuatora, FatriciaQH, and Citizens. 
First Sen. Behold our patroness, the life of Rome I 
Call all your tribes together, praise the gods. 
And make triumphant fires ; strew fiowers before them : 
UnBhont""" the noise that banish'd Maieins, 


Ksn n-l COBIOLANUS. 98S 

Bepeal him vith the welcome of his mother ; 
C17, "Welcome, ladiea, welcome!" 

AU. Welcome, ladies. 

Welcome ! lAJiouriah with dramt and trumpett. Exeunt. 

ScEKB VI. Corioli."**' A ptiUic ^ce. 
Enter Adfidiub, mth Attendants. 
Auf. Oo tell the lords o' the city I am here : 
Deliver them this paper : having read it, 
Bid them repair to the market-place ; where I, 
Even in theirs and in the oommons' ears, 
Will vouch the troth of it. Him I accuse 
The city ports by this hath enter'd, and 
Intends t' appear before the people, hoping 
To purge himself with words: dispatch. [Extunt Attendantt, 

Enter three or /our Conflpiratora 0/ Auvidiub's faction. 
Most welcome t 

First Con. How is it with our general? 

Aitf. Even so 

As with a man by his own alms empoieon'd, 
And with hia charity alain. 

Sec. Con. Moet noble sir. 

If yoQ do hold tbe same intent wherein 
Yoa wish'd as parties, we'll deliver yon 
Of yoor great danger. 

A^f. Sir, I cannot tell : 

We most proceed as we do find the people. 

Third Con. The people will remain anoertain whilst 
'Twixt yon there's difference ; bat the fall of either 
Makes the sorrivor heir of all. 

Auf. I know it ; 

And my pretext to etrike at him admits 
A good constractioD. I rais'd him, and I pawn'd 
Mine honour for his troth : who being so heighten'd. 
He water'd his new plants with dews of flattery, 
Sedociag bo my Meuda; and, to this end. 



He bow'd Hb nfttan, neyer kaown before 
Bnt to be roa^, niiBwayable, and bee."**' 

Third Con. Sir, his Btoatneaa 
When he did Btand for consul, which ho lost 
By lack of stooping, — 

Aiif. That I would have apoke of: 

Being baniah'd for't, be came onto my hearth ; 
PreBented to my kniie Mb throat : I took him ; 
Made him joint-servaQt with me ; gave him way 
In all his own desires ; nay, let him choose 
Ont of my files, his projeotB to acoompliah. 
My beet and freshest men ; Beir'd bis designments 
In mine own person ; holp to reap the fame 
Which he did end all bis ;**'^ and took some pride 
To do myself this wrong : till, at the last, 
I seem'd his follower, not partner ; and 
He wag'd me with bis coantenance, as if 
I had been mercenary. 

Firtt Con. So he did, my lord, — 

The army marrell'd at it ; and, in the last. 
When he had carried Ilome, and that we look'd 
For no less epoil than glory, — 

Auf. There was it ; — 

For which my sinews shall be stretch'd npon bim. 
At a fnw drops of women's rhenm, which are 
Aa cheap as lies, he sold the blood and labosr 
Of onr great action : therefore shall he die, 
And I'll renew me in bis fall. — Bat, hark 1 

[Dnatu and trumpets sound, with great thoutt of 
the people. 

First Con. Your native town yon enter'd like a post. 
And had no weloomes home ; bnt he retams, 
Splitting the air with noise. 

See. Con. And patient fools. 

Whose children he hath slain, their base throats tear 
With giving him glory. 

Third Con. Therefore, at your vantage. 

Ere he express himself, or move the people 
With what be wonld say, let him feel your sword, 
Which we will second. When be lies along. 



After yoxu way hiB tale pronoanc'd Bhall boiy 
His reasons with Mb bod;. 

Ai^. Saty no more : 

Here oome the loida. 

£nier the Lords oftke city. 

Lordt. YoQ aro moat welcome home. 

Auf. I'Tfi not deaerr'd it. 

Bat, worthy lords, have yoa with heed peraa'd 
What I have written to yoa? 

Lordt. We have. 

Firtt Lord. And grieve to hear 't. 

Wliat fiinlts he made before the last, I thtsk 
Might have found easy finea : bat there to end 
Where he was to begin, and give away 
The benefit of oar levies, answering ns 
With onr own charge, making a treafy where 
There was a yielding, — this admits no excnse. 

Auf. He approaches : yoa shall hear him. 

Ettter CoRiOLAKUB, aitli dr»m and eolovra; a crotcd o/Citiwna 
wUh kim. 

Cor. Hail, lords ! I am retnm'd your soldier ; 
Ko more infected with my country's love 
Than when I parted hence, bat still sabsietlng 
Under yoar great command. Yoa are to know, 
That prosperoasly I have attempted, and, 
With bloody paasage, led year wara even to 
The gates of Borne. Oor spoils we have broaght home 
Do more than connterpoise a fall third part 
The charges of the action. We've made peace, 
With no less hononr to the Antiatea 
Than shame to the Bomans : and we here deliver, 
Babscrib'd by the consola and patricians. 
Together with the seal o' the senate, what 
We have compoanded on. 

Auf. Bead it not, noble lords ; 

Bat tell the traitor, in the high'st degree 
He hath abas'd yoar powers. 

Cor. Traitor! — how now 1 


a«t COBIOLANUB. [wit. 

Auf. Ay, traitor, Morcias I 

Cor. Maroina ! 

Avf. Ay, Marciaa, Caias Marcins : doet thou think 
I'll grace thee with that robbery, thy Btol'n oama 
CoriolanQB, in Corioli? — 
Toa lords and heads o' the state, perfidiously 
He has betray'd your bnsiness, and given np. 
For certain drops of salt, your city Rome— 
I say, yoor city — to his wife and mother ; 
Breaking his oath and resolution, like 
A twist of rotten silk ; never admitting 
Counsel o' the war ; but at liis nurse's (earB 
He whin'd and roar'd away your victory; 
That pages blosh'd at him, and men of heart 
Look'd wondering each at other.*"" 

Cor. Hear'st thou, Mars ? 

Avf. Kame not the god, thou boy of tears ! 

Cor. Hal 

Auf. No more.'»«" 

Cor. Measureless liar, thou hast made my heart 
Too great for what contains it. Boy ! slave ! — 
Pardon me, lords ; 'tis the first time that ever 
I was forc'd to scold. Your judgments, my grave lords. 
Mast give this cur the lie : and his own notion — 
Who wears my stripes impress'd upon him ; that 
Must bear my beating to his grave — shall join 
To throst the lie unto him. 

First Lord. Peace, both, and hear me speak. 

Cor. Cut me to pieces, Yolsces ; men and lads. 
Stain all your edges on me. — Boy ! false hound ! 
If you have writ your annals true, 'tis there. 
That, like an eagle in a dove-cote, I 
Flatter'd***** your Volscians in Corioli : 
Alone I did it. — Boy ! 

Auf. Why, noble lords, 

Will you be put in mind of his blind fortune. 
Which was your shame, by this unholy braggart, 
'Fore your own eyes and oars? 

All the Conspirators. Let him die for 't ! 

Citizens. Tear him to pieces t — Do IFpresentlyP^fie kjlled 


■cnn TJ,] OOBIOIAHUS. 317 

my son! — My daughter! — H« killed mycoasia MarottsI — He 
killed my father ! — 

Sec. Lord. Peace, ho ! — no ontrage : — peace ! 
The man is noble, and his fame folde-in 
This orb o' th' earth. His Ust offencee to as 
Shall have jadicioQB hearing. — Stand, Anfidiae, 
And tronble not the peace. 

Cor. that I had him, 

With six Aafidinses, or more, his tribe, 
To use my lawful sword ! 

At^. Insolent villain ! 

All the ConspiratorB. Kill, kill, kill, kill, kill him ! 

[^Au/idiu* and the Conspirators draw, and kill Coria- 
lanus, wkofaUa: At^idiua ttands on him. 

Lords. Hold, hold, hold, hold ! 

Ai^. My noble masters, hear me speak. 

First Lord. O Tnllus,— 

Sec. Lord. Thoa 'st done a deed whereat valour will weep. 

ThirdLord. Tread not open him. — Masters all, be qniet; 
Pat ap yoar swords. 

Aitf. My lords, when yon shall know — u in this rage, 
Provok'd by him, yoa cannot — the great danger 
Which this man's life did owe yon, you'll rejoice 
That be is thns cut off. Please it yoar honours 
To call me to your senate, I'll deliver 
Myself yoar loyal servant, or endure . 
Your heaviest censure. 

Fust Lord. Bear from hence his body, — 

And moam you for him : — let him be regarded 
As the most noble corse that ever herald 
Did follow to his am. 

Sec. Lord. His own impatience 

Takes from Aafidios a great part of blame. 
Let's make the best of it. 

At^f. My rage is gone; 

And I am struck with sorrow. — Take him up : — 
Help, three o' the chiefest soldiers ; Til be one. — 
Beat thou the drum, that it apeak monmfally: 
Trail your steel pikes. — Though in this city he 


Hath widow'd utd nnehilded mai^ a uw, 
Which to this hoar bewail the injory, 
Tet he shall hare a ooUe i 

[Examt, bearimg the bodg of Conobiinu. 
A dead march Bom^kd. 



P.US. (l) "«ltfMt" 

XCr. CoUkr'B Hi. CoriMtor n>b«titnt«s " alileetiWH." 

V. IM. (i) "Agalntt ktmjhtt," Ae. 

Ualone thinki Otmt this ipeodi (whioh In tha fbllo bM the prefix "Alt') 
ought to he uidgned to the Fint Citittu. 

P. U6. (]) " Nof, bat tptak not nuUieioiuly." 

The folio glvea thia ^eeeh to " Ail." 

P. 186. (4) "jwrt^" 

Hr. Stksnton eonjeotnreB "pottl;;" Mr.W.N.LetUom, " fetHj," i.t. optJdj, 
thadj. — (Humiei piinti ■■ he did it to pUtue hit mothtr, and pwtlj to be 
frmtd /' Ci^ell, '■ k« did it partly to pleate hi* violhtr, arid to be proud.") 

P. 186. (5) >' Our batineei," Ae. 

" This and all the laleeqasDtplabeiMiapeseheflhi thiiseeiMaregiT«ii In the 
oU eopj to the leeond dtixen. But the dittlogne at the opening of the play 
Aawt that it mntt hare been a mlitahe, and that they onght to be attribated 
to the flrtt Citisen [to whom Capell girea them]. The aeoond ia Tsther 
fdendly to Coriolauni." Mu^ohi. — Mr. Knight — who "adheres to the 
raiglaal copy for the precise reason whioh Halone givefi for departing from 
it" — deelarei that " thia speaker ia of a higher eatt than he who ■■;», ' Let 
ni hill him, and well haTe com at onr own price' ;" — a Tiew of the Citizen's 
ehanotei qnite at Tarianoe with the deaeripUon of it whioh, aeoording to Hr. 
Kni^t's own text, Henenins presentlj glTOi ; 

" What do 70U think r 
Yon, the great toe of this aaaemblyf 

Sxc. Grr. I the great toe 1 Whj the great toe t 
Men. For that, being one o' the lowest, baeeat, poorest. 
Of thia moat wise reballion, then go'st foremoat : 
Thon rasoal, that art wmat in hlood to ran, 
Lead'et flrst, to win Mme Tantage." 
In tact, the passage jest cited Berrei to prove that Capell and Malone were 
wen wamsted In altering the preflx here and anbseqaently. (In act ii. eo. S, 
where Coriolanna, aboat to solieit tbeToiees of the people, najfl, "here ootnea 
A BmuB," the folio has " Enter thbeb 0/ the Citiient," and prefixes to their 

P. 187. (6) 
The foUohas "soale 't 



P. X88, {7) " taunttfiffly" 

So the fovrth fella. — The earlier folioB liftve " teintiaely" Mid " Untingly." 

P. 188. {!] " The kinglg-eravmid head," &e. 

Mr. Singer (Shakeipean ViitdieaUd, &o. p. 208) tmja that this passage "erl- 
dently belongs to Henemnt." I think, on the oontrwy, that it CTidentlT- 
belongi to the dtiaen, who aemmea the part and langoage of the rebellions 
members. II it be taken from the Cititen, vhat propriet; is there in ths 
Eabeeqaeitt eiclamation of MeneninB, " 'Fore me, thii/tllovi ipeaksf" t (In 
Mr. Binger's Shaketptare, 1836, 1 And not only that this ia given to Henenitu, 
but that, among other ahangea in the distribntion of the present dialogne, 
the words, 

" Shonld by the cormorant belly be restrain'd, 
Who is the (in* 0' the body," 
are trsntferred to Menenina, — with great anfltaoH.) 

P. 1S8. (g) " The fomur agtnte," 

Walker (Oil. JEzom. &c. voL iiL p. 206] pnta a " qa." after these woida, as 
if VDoertaiu about the meaning of "/onser," or donbting if it were the li^t 

P. 188. (10) "jou'U" 

a;he folio has "yon'st." 

P. 188. (it) "I«iKtie,"Ac. 

Mr. W. N. Lettsom boldly proposes 

" I lend it through the fiecn of your bUtod, 
And thtoQgb the orankB and offices of man, 
Bvea lo the oenter'd heart, th' high-seated brain: 

P. 189. (la) "digeit" 

I m^ notice that here the folio has " disgest" (which epelling was formeriy 
not nnnsnal] ; bnt that afterwards in this play (seep. 163) it has "digeit The 
Senates Conrtesie."— A writer in Notea and Qveriei, toI. tL p. 27, defsnding 
the gross corrnption of the folio in act iii. sc 1, " Bosome-tnnltiplied" (see 
note lot)), rests a portion of bis fery weak argument on the preseet passage, 
nhioh he does not scrapie to maintain onght henceforth to be pointed thne ; 
" The seiuttoTB of Rome are this good belly, 
And yon the mutinoos members I— For examine — 
Their connsels, and their cares digest things rightly 
Tonohing the weal o' the eommon t— yoa shall find," &o. I 



P. 139. (ij) "Thourateal, thou artKont in blood to run," 
" Sir. H. Uuon jodioioQaly obsarrea Uut ... a I«ftU dMr is mUed m raieaX, 
<u>d tliAt ' mmt in blood' is lent in vigour [both " nueal" and " in blood" 
being termB ol tha foreatj." STnrsxt.^Here Haumer Babstitiited "firat" 
tax "wont;" and Mr. StannfoD (not happil;] oaniBOtorea " iMt." 

P. 139. (14) " Wliat'$ the matter, you dtitaaimu rogun, 
Tlmt, nAbing the poor ileh of your opttUon, 
Make younelvei teaht t 

Tini Cit. Wt have ever your good word. 

Ifu. He that iBiU give good xordi to yt aiU flatter 
Btntath tibhorring. What nould you have, you eurt," £0. 
Tha Ml<t hu "Mar. Be that tHU giue good word* lo ihee.wll flatter," &o.; 
Oke tnuuoiiber or oompoaltoT, it would aeem, bBving miataken "ye" for 
*'y" {i.e. thee): — Uuit Ui« anthor eoold not possibly have written "Uiee" 
IwM ia mauiferi:. See note 107 on 7A« Tempett. 

P. 140. (15) "Hang ye.' Tnutye."' 

-"Ctderidge, Literary Remaiiu, propoMB 'Trort yer Hang ye!' Perbftpa 
Tight." Walter's Crt I. £x(iin. Ao.toI. ill. p. 906. — Bnt oompare the first worda 
«f Mardoa'a neil Bpeeob, "Hang 'entl Theyuyl" 

P. 140. (16) "thete" 

Should perhapa be "the." 

P. 140. (17) " aliaoif 

lb, CoQiw's Ma. Coneotor leada " all moat" 

P. 140. (18) " Shauliag their emidatioa." 

The folk) baa " Bhooting," ice, — Hr. Collier's Ma. Correetor reada " Shout- 
big their cnltBtion." Bnt the teit ia certainly right ; ud aeema to be 
rif^tlj explained by Malone, " Each ot tbem Btriiiog to ahont londer than 

P. 141. (19) " BnOue," £0. 

Walkn {Cril. Ezam. Ao. f ol. iiL p. 207) propoaea 
" Bnibu, one 

Sieinivt," See. 

P. 141. (lo) "uttro^Tf 

Tke folio ha* "nroo'it." 



P. 142. (ai) " Itiffht aoTthy you priority." 

UeHU. EiiTs Milone, " Yon being right wortliy of preoedence." — But Poper 
HumieT, MaBoii, Walker, and Hr. Callier'B Mb. Corrector igrM in mdiiig 
"■ JIfMt voTthy yonr fTiority," — veiy impropeily, I think. 

P. 142. (ii) "muliBerj," 

8«e not« 74 on The Tenrput. 

P. US. (aj) '•Corner 

Mr.W. N. LettBom, after propodjtg an entirely new distribation ol the dia- 
logue here between SioininB and Brntus, zamarks ; " The word ' Comt' it 
evidentl; displaced, and Bhonld be inserted, if at all, either before ' Left 
hence' ex 'Let'i along.' The Metre will allow ^ther." 

P. 118. (14) " What ever hath" 

So the aaeood fotio.— The flnt folio has " What euer base" (" Elliptleallf ," 
sajB BoBwell, "wbaterer thi»g»" I). 

P. 144. (ij) " CoTioli .-■• 

The folio throaf^oat hu '' Corioles" (and "CarideB"). 

P. 144.(»6) "(ft*" 

Ferh»pe, h JohuMn eonjeotnred, " their." 

P. 144. (17) "Jrom e^rtaintift." 

Hanmer printed "from Teiy eertaintit*." 

P. 145. (18) '•have" 

The folio haB " had" {a mistake occasioned by the preceding " had rather"). 

P. 145. (^9) "F' 

Not in the folio.— (Compare what precedes, "Methinks I hear," tic, and 
what foUowa, " Methinka I lee him," fto. ;— and Tide Prefaee to the present 
edition, p. iii.) 

P. 145.(30) "thaCt" 

The folio has " that." — Corrected in the second folio. 

P. 145. (31) "AtareeUmtv!OTi*,e<mtem,ning.~-Ttll Valeria" 

The folio has " At Grecian sword. Contenuing, tell," &c. (where " Conten- 
ning" iB plainlj a misprint for " eontemning"). — The second folio baa ••At 



Grecian twordi oimtending. TtU" ke.—Vx. CoUisr'i Mb. Oometor givea 
"AtOrteiaa taordt eoHUntning. TtU," dco. — Mr. W. N LetUom propoMC 
"AaOreeian neoriU eotUnming." — Lao piinU "At Grecian aword conttnt- 
ning," ud obserres ; " 'Djco is right in uMng vhetlieT ' contemning at' ia 
legitimate plirMeologj. Bat Tolnmnia does not speak about ' contemning 
ftt;' ahe t»yn, ipit al: and tbe aoiiBtmction ol the phnue mml be, ' when 
Aontemning (full of contempt) it apit forth blood at OreciBn sword.' " — M7 
nkding ia that of Mr. Collier's Mb. Conootor, irith the ponctoation of the 
Cambridge Edlton [Olobe Shaietptare). 

P. 148. (ji) " What are you leaing here t A fint ipot, in good faith." 
Here Steorcni wonld explain "-* fine tpot" by qnoting the TDlgar 01- 
preaaion, "Yon have made a fine tpot of work of it;" and BoeweU anb- 
jdnB, " Sorely it means • pretty apot of embroidery. Wo often hear of 
tpotud mnslin."— A varioiu reading, soffldently obiiouB, occorred to Za- 
ehu7 Jackson S iipnMifraTot,—" Wliat, are you lemng heret A fine aport, 
in good faith:" but Valeria wonid hardly wOl sawing a iport, nnless, indeed, 
■he were apeaking ironically. (In the folio "apot" is Bpelt "apotte.") 

P. 146.(33) "o^" 

Perii^pB a miiprint for " uid,"— whiah Hamner Babatitnted. 

P. 147. (34) "anifcti/." 

" Bbonld be omitted; aa we are told ia ao, 6 that 'Tit not a mile' between 
the two anoies." Bibbvbhb. 

P. 148. (35) 

" Yoa ihamet of Bom! you h«rd of—Boile and plaguee 
Platter yea o'eri" 
In the foUo thtu ; 

" Ton ihame$ of Some : yoa Etard ofByUi and Flagnei 
Plaitter you o't*." 
" Thia passage, like almost every oilier abmpt sentence in these iilays, waa 
Mudeted nnintelligible in the old copy by jnaocnrate punetaation. For the 
preient regulation I am answerable. ' Ton herd of coioarde F Mardns wonld 
■ay, bat his rage prerenls him." Mii*HB,— Mr. ColKar'a Ms. Corrects re»a» 
"Yoa ihamet of Rotne! Unheard 0/ Soil* ami plaffUM 
PlatteT yva a^er f 
not do I think the alteration so "xery improbable" m it appears to Mr. 
Singer (Sha\t^eare VinAicatei, *c. p. 310), who asks " why itnft-tari off 
Snrdy the " boila and plagues" might be termed " nnheard of," if those on 
whom they fell were consequent^ to 

Fnrther than seen, and one infect another 
Against the wind a mile." 



P. 149. <36) "FoUoKPU!." 

The folto has " followes." — I adopt the conjeohtre of Mr. W. N. Lettaom, 
who obwrret; "The reoeived reiuling 'foUoieed' is t, BopblHtioation brtbs 

editor of the aeoood folio The old stage-direction {'Another Alarms ; 

and Startnu folloireE them ta gaUi, and U ihut in') ptotablj oaoaad the 
amir. .... Hr, Collier propoeea ' Fcdlow ut ;' bat the singular ii regnidte : 
■ee the oontcxt." Note on Walker'a Grit. Exam. fte. toL iii. p. S07. 

P. 149. (37) "Tothcfot," 

Mr. Collier adopts the reading of his Hs. Correotor, " To tJie •porV' [i.e. to 
the gate]. — In a Tolmne vbich appeared some years ago I obserred; "A 
qnotatios from a drama, trMeh Mr, CoUier fnmielf fonnerly tiitad (in DodM- 
Uf't OtdPtayi, vol. xi.), is aloae snffldent to show the atiodty of the altera- 
tion, * To the port ;' 

' King Edward, no : ire will admit no panie, 
For goes thit wretch, this traitor, to lAs pal.' 
Peele's Edward I.,—Worla. i. 118. ed. Djce, 1839. IWorki, 
p. SS», ed. Dyoe, 1861.) 
(Knee I wrote what precedes, Hr. Btaonton has pnblished (March 1869) the 
No. of hia Sltaketptare whioh oontaina Coriotamu ; and in his note ad L he 
girea, not only the paasage whioh I have cited from Peele, hat the following 
qaotationi ; 

' Thoa mi^iCeit aweare, if I oonld, I would bring them to the pet.* 
* Hew Cnstome,' Act iL ae. 8. 

' they go to IJm pot for't.' 

Webster's ' White Devil,' fto.,Dyoe'B ed. p. 117, toLL 
IWorlu, p. 87, ed. Dyce, 1867].)" 
Slri«ture» on ilr. Collier'i Nta ed. 0/ ShaJieipeare, p. 166. 

P. 149. (38) "Who, letuible, otitdaret hit tetutleii neord, 
And, tphen it boioi, itatidt up !" 
The folio has 

" Who sensibly ont-dares hit leneeleut Saord, 
And when it boaet, stand'st op." 
Here " lentible" is the eorreotion of Ihirlby (who also snbstltated " out- 
does" for " outdarei"). 

P. 149. (39) " io.(," 

The fdio has "left,"— Corrected bj Mr. Grant White. 

P. 149. (40) "Even to Cato't wdft," 4c. 

The folio has " £tMnt to Calnes uiift," ftc— Correoted by Theobald. ("Be 
[Mardns] was even such snother as Cato wonld bays a sonldier and a eap- 
taine to be ; not only terrible and fierce to laye abont him, but to tnalte the 
enemie afeard with the sound of hfa voyoe and grinmea of hia ootintenanoe." 
North's Ptutta-eh, p. 240, ed. 1679.) 


wma.] COKOUNUB. 345 

P. 160. (41) "pfiie ihtiT houn 

At a eraei'd draehm!" 
H«m Pope ohanged " Aoun" to "hoiuniTs."— Bnt Capell {Note*, &o. rol. L 
P. i. p. 8S) obBerree; "The speftkei oonld Dever Ibink of appljing that void 
[' hononn'] to the men he ia rfttJng ; their loes of time in this pilfering wm 
wlut engag'd hie thonghts most, as ia STident from all Tie sajs afterwarda." 
And 8te«T«iui detraida the oiiftinal nading hj qaotin : from North's Plut- 
arch ; " HartiDB wai mtunreUonB uigty with them, and cried oat on them, 
that it was no time now to loohe after bp<^1b," tee. — For " dratkm," we p*r- 
bapg oDgjit to read " draohma." 

P. ISO. (4») " MUguidt thy oppoiert' titord*f" 

Here, aooording to Walker, we onght to read " ' TIte oppoaers ;' {. «. tht tnt- 
mia, nt pasaim apnd 8. The metre (i" titalyt f»t7J and the lense both 
require thie ; tor ' (Ay oppoaen' woold properly mean Coriolanm'B personal 
enemiee, not the TolscianB." Grit. Exam. bo. toL ii. p. 233. — I believe that 
" thy oippoien" ia what the anthor wrote, — meaning •■ thy opponenta, — those 
of the enemy who shall oppose thee." (In p. 169 Cominiaa mentdona that 
CorioUniia, when only a stripling, " slew three oppoieri" in battle ; and in 
p. SU we hare "his great oppcier, Corio^nna.") 

P. 150. (+3) " Where" 

Mr. W. K. Lettaom wonld rabatitute " There. " 

P. 161. (44) " re" 


P. 161. (45) " the round of Mareiiu' tongue 

Frwa every meaner man'*." 
The folio baa " From euery meaner man," — "that is," sajs Halone, "fponi 
that of erei7 meaner man ;" and he oitea aa examples of similar phraseo- 


" Thersitea' body is aa good as Ajai, 
When neither are alire." CyvAeline, act ir. ae. 3. 

"friaod or brother, 
Be forfeita hia own blood [If. mitgiiotet it life] that spills another." 

Timon ofAthent, aet iii. so. 6. 
Bat who doea not aee that in the first of theae paaaagea we onght to print 
" Ajai'," jnat as in a passage of Troiliu and Crenida, p. 18 of the present 

" were yonr days 
As green as j^ax', and yonr brain so temper'd," fte. f 
lad with respeot to the passage of Ttmon, it need not be defended on the 
^■a that the neoassity of a rhyme oeoasiooed an offence against grammal', 
lor " OHoCAer ilood" may certainly mean another blood than kit own. 


p. 163. (46) "I do not think." 

If right, mBUiB " I do not think tbat the time will serre to telL"— Ifr. Ool- 

- think it."— Mr. W. N. ] 

P. 162. (47) -Antiattt," 

Here the folio hu " AntientB ;" bat in the next apeeoh " AnUata." 

P. 168. <+g) "Lttter" 

The folk) luu " Leuen."— Coneeted in the third folio. 

P. 168. {49) "fromtUl:" 

" Words appucDtl? neediest tnd redniidaiit." STCxram. 

P. 163. (so) "/■'«'■" 

' ' Why four ? The nnmber is a strange one, considering the object in riev. 
The integri^ of the passage has been long BQspeoted ; bnt no einend»tioii 
worthy of notice has be«o proposed, onless ' tonre' is a misprint for ' some,' 
mUt. Singer conjectured." GsiKT Wmn.— " Qy. 'iii*,'i.«. Cominini andL 
'Four' ma; haTe been derived from the dxth line sboTe." W. N. Littbom. 

P. 164. Iji) "famt I mvy." 

80 Mr. CoUier'a Ha. Correotor; and Hr. Collier is probably ri^t in ob- 
serving that " the oompositor mistook ' I' for the contraction for tmd." — 
The folio has " Fame and Etiuy." — Whether Malone'e or BtoeTcna'a explana- 
tion ol the old reading be the most ridicolons, is donbttul. — Mr. Staunton 
BQggests "fame I bate and envy," — which would make the line OTer-nsa- 
•nre.— Here " envy' means " hate, bear ill-will to." 

P. 16*. (51) " ih« whip of your bragg'd progeny " 
Mr. Bwynfen Jervis conjootnrss "prop" instead of "urhip." Bnt donbtleas 
the old text is right, meaning, as one of Malone's correspondents explains 
it, "the whip [or soonrgej that yonr bragged progeny w 

P. 166. (53) "IflthMtd ua thee o'er thU thy day'* work, 
Thou'U not believe thy deedt :" 
Here Mr. Grant White alters •■ Thou'U" (wbioh in the foUo is spelt ■' Thou'r) 
to "Thon'dst;" and be observes, " ' If I ihoulif requires, ofconne, 'them 
■TDuIfbl,' not ' thon iciK.' ".^Bat see 'note 10 on A MidMumraer-Niglit't 
Dream, and note 17 on King Henry VIII. Compare too " And if I thoaii 
tmj (Ar •''■w), I know him not, I thatl bs (firafuu) a liar like nnto yon." it. 
Jtdm'e Qotpet, viii. 66. 


■ORt.] C0BI0LAND3. Sir 

P. 1E6. (st) "pUhtiam," 

Here, as Walker obserreg {Shakttpeare'i Vertifitation, See. p. 161), '*pUbei- 
diu" is to be pTonannoed "pUbiaru." (Indeed, the Bpelling of the folio here 
I«"PlebeuiB:" but in sot iii. bo. 1, the folia has 

" Let them hane CnshionB by yon. Ton ate Plebeiani," 4c. 
«lld in act T. BO. 4, 

" The PUbeiaru hane got joat Fellow Tribnne," Ac. ; 
while in a prose apeeoh, aot IL so. 1, it has " the Heardamen of the BeuUy 

P. IBB. (ss) " country!" 

A triflyUable here. 

P. 166. (56) "ifflde" 

Ur. W. N. Lettsont soBpeotB that this ii tbe vrong wind, "derived from 
-'made' in the next line of the apeeoh." 

P. 168. (57) " Soft oa tlu paraiile-i rilk, Ut him be made 
A cavcTtuTt for the wartP' 
tba folio baa ''Let lum be made an OaartnTe/or tA' Warret." — I read, with 
Tjrwhitt and Mr. Callier's Ma. Correotor, "A coBerture;" ba I cannot bnt 
think that the commentaton have most signally failed in their endeavoDM 
to support the old lection ; nor can any thing be aoFe ridiculonB than Ma- 
lone's addndng, in its defence, from Taelflk-Night, "no overture ofioar,"— 
as if tbat eiproBBion wero parallel to " an overtnre for the wars" I (Shake- 
speare has the word " cacertare" elBowhere.) — Tyrwhitt and Mr. Collier's 
Us. Corrector make further alteration here; the fonDer readbg "let ibis 
be made," Ice,, the latter " let it be made," 4o. : bnt, as Bleeveng observee, 
-"the personal hint is not tmlreqaently osed by onr anthor, and other writers 
of his age, instead td if, the nenter." — Varions ohanges have been tried in 
the p<^ting of this diffloolt passage: I give what I conceive to be the true 
pnnotDslion. — 1666. In tbe second edition of bis Shakeiptare, Mr. Collier 
(forgetting tbat in the first of these lines " Aim" is the original lection) re- 
marks, " If we were at all authorised to read ' lilJlE' in the plnral, it wonld 
not be neoeaaaty even to idter them U> ' it' :" Walker too (Crit. Exam, te, 
Tol. iii. p. 208) qaeries " Soft as the parasite's lillu, let them ba made," Ins. : 
bat in the present passage " rilkt" appears to mo very objeotionable.^Mr. 
W. N. Lettsom would adopt ryrwhitt's reading, " Soft as the parasite's idlfc, 
let thu be made," tie. 

P. 1B6. (5I) "ifcoiit" 

^nie folio has " shoot." — Coireeted in the fourth folio. 

P. 167. (59) " Cuna Mibcids Cobioukctb.'' 

TIm foUo hM " Uaieai Cains Cortelamu" both here and In the next speech. 



P. 167. (60) " Tale't! 'ti* your*. What tf'i;" to. 
In this pEBuge ths metre ia alightij defectife. — Wftlker [Crit. Ext 
ToL iii, p. 209) woold ttmage ; 

"Takeitj 'tiijovra. Wli»t ia't* 

Cot. I Mmetime Uy, 

Here in Corioli, at a pya man's house ; 
He as'd me kindlr ; — 
He died to me," &e. 

P. 168. (61) "vatouT," 

The folio has " Talon" (the addition of $ to BnbstantiTM beliig a ct 
onvt in the folio). 

F. 166. (61) " EmbaTquemtnU" 

P. 160. {63) "thefirit eompUimt," 

Here Mr. Collier's Ha. Corrector makes an emeadation on whioh HTeial 
oiitiM hare bestowed great applause ; he anhstitntes " the tbiret complaint ;" 
and Mr. Collier, vho prononnces the reading of the folio to be " merely an 
error from mishearing on the put of tbe coj^t," osks " What is ' the first 
Monplaint' in oonnexios mth Menenina'a lore for ' a cnp ol bot win«' V 
But is it qnite oerlain that any " coHiinioij" was intended between "tht 
ftnt complaint" and "a cup of hot vine"/ at least, if the folio laithtall; 
represents the anthor's punctuation, none was intended ; lor in the folio we 
find a colon after " Tibtr in'f," while " thejint complaint" Is disjoined only 
by a comma from " ka»ty and tiniUr-like upon too trivial motion," — tcordi 
which rurareiUjf do not in any Kay allude (a KeneniuM't frmdneitfor drinkir^, 
Aguu, is " the thirst complaint" a probable eipresaion F^In short, I ooniider 
the Mb. Cairsetor's alteration as a very doubtful one ; and I have the eatis- 
taotiou of knowing that Uc. John Forster concurs with me in that opiniou. 
— I mnst add, that Mr. Biuger's explanation ol "firif appears to me eTeu 
more unlikely than the Ms. Corrector's now reading, — by which indeed it 
was eiidently suggested : " it seems," he says, " that thirit was sometimes 
proviuoially prouooueed and spelt ^rst and funt, Menenius uses it joca- 
larly," ahaieipeare Vindicated, Ac. p. 'MS. 

P. 160. (64) " one that conivr*«i more aith the buttock of the night than 
vith the forehead of the morning :" 

"These words should come before 'said to be something imperfect,' &«.; 
and ' complaint' should perhaps be ' eoinpIain«r.' " W. N. liiTTSOM . 

P. 160. (6s) "connoi" 

The folio has " eau." 


som.] OOBIOLiNUS. M» 

P. 160. (66) •'youj/on" 

Tha Beooud "you" is omitted in tb« folio, — eridentl^briDiitkkA. 

P. 160. [67) " bium- 

Hore the apeHing (or nther, emn} of th« tolio ii " beeioitte" (wliiah Tlwo- 
bald ooiTMted) : but in HamUt, act u. so. 3, it has " Biitm Bbenme." 

P. 161. (68) •'bleeding," 

Mr. CoDisr'B Ha. Correotoc rabititatea "pleading." 

P. 162. (69) " empiTievtic," 

Bpelt in the loBa " Emperiekqutiqvt ;" wMiih in the third lolio ira« altered 
to "Empfricktiglw." — Pope printed "empeiio." — Ui. CoUier's Hs. Coiieo- 
bv Bolwtitates " empric phjsio." 

P. 162. (70) " On'» *row« ." 

I maj jiut Dotioe Utat this ia in answer to the qneation of Ueuenina, " brings 
*• Tictoij in hia pocket f" 

e that I 

Warbnrton reads " Ont i' the neck, and one, too, i' tht thigh,'" Sie. (and so 
Mr. W. N. Lettaom, except that he would omit "and"). — "The old man, 
agreeable to hie character, ia minntelf partioalar : ' Seven tronnds T let ma 
see ; one in the neck, two in the (high — Nay, I am sore there are more, Oteie 
are nine that I know of.' " [T] Upios. 

P. 168. {71) " a name to Caitu Mareiut; theu 

In honour /oUmei Cmiiiiamit : — wttcome, 
Wcicome to Bome, renoum'd CoriolanutP' 
The folio has 

" a Name to UartinB Caioe : 
Tkeit in honor foUovet Haitins Cains CorioUmui, 
Welcome to Rome, renoaned Corioiaimi." 
In this passage the first " veleoaie" is the addition of Walker, Crit. Exam, 
Aa. ToL iL p. 143. 

P, 154. (73) " charge of honour*." 

The folio hat " change of Hanon:" whloh the oommentators defend b; 
the soriptursl eipreiaion, "change of raiment"! — Here Theobald altered 
"change" to "charge;" and so Mr. Collier's Ms. ConeotoT. (Altamrds in 
this plv (see p. 330) the foUo has, bj an nndonbted misprint, "And jet 
to ehtmgt thj Bolphnrs," Ac) 


aSO COmOLAmiB. [irons. 

p. 164.(74) "ekaukimr 

U not an error, mutt mean "talki of him." — Hr. ColIier'B Ha. CorMotor 
nbititatei "cheen Mm,-" Hr. Binger (Shakttpeart VindicaUd, lie. p. 314) 
1* oonfident ire oo^t b> Mkd "elain himf koA Hr. Stmnnton propooea 
" ihonU Mm :" bnt tiwM lUrnktioiu (none of them hk^j] itill leave the 
m«be imperfeet, — iiiil«u, indeed, ir« sappose it ets be propped bj layinfc 

P. 166. (75) " nialy-ffaiadt^' 

Hr. W. N. LetUom Bnggerta " niccZy-giurded.'' 

P. 166. (76) "/" 

Ur. W. N. Iiettaom (oompuing "Doabt not" above) would omit thia pT«- 

P. 166. (77} "aiouT good tMU," 

"HsanB 'uonr advantage reqnires.'" HisoH. — (Bb.Cdlier'BlIs. Corrector 

alters " at" to " at.") 

P. iflfl. (78) •■thetean" 

Bo Hanmer. — The folio hat " their Warrt." 

P, 186. {79) "toueh" 

80 Hanmer. — The folio has "teach." 

P. 166. (So) •' will be hufirt," &o. 

" Will be a fire lighted by himieU. Perhaps the anthor wrote ' at fira' 

[whiah Capell gave]. There is, however, no need of change." Malobe. — 

Pope printed " the Ji«," — In the next line Hr. W. H. Lettaom would 

read " and the blaic." 

P. 167. (Si) " he waned" 

"Thatia, 'he would have waved.'" JooHBOn.— Hr. W. N, Lettwm propooea 
" ht'i tBdved," 

P. 167. (Ss) "bowteted . . . to heave them" 

A veiT diffionlt passage.— Malone explsini "boniuted" to mean "took off 
their bonnets." pj— The folio has " to haiie IA«m. "—Corrected bj Pope. 



P. 166. (I4} " We »kaXl ht bUtt to do," 

ICr. Collier'B Ms. CnreetOT ■alwtitiitM " We lAoU be prast to ic .-" and Mr. 
Binger'B Ms. Comotor idbIim tlw sune ohftnge, — Mr. Binger tarming it " a 
good and legitimata emendatiaii." Shakteptare Vindicated, Ac p. 316. — 
That " piett" (i. t. readj) ralla the preaant epeeeh verj well, there U no deaj- 
ing: but "bteat" (i.«. moat bappj) la inpported hj a paiaags in King John, 

" and then we ihail be blat 
To do Tonr pleaanre, and eontione friends." 

P. 169. (15) "MUOnV 

i.e. me oTs.— The folio has " on ones."— CMreeted in the third It^. 

P. 169. (86) " cMn" 

The folio his " Bhinne." — Coneoted in the third folio* 

P. 169. (87) "aetdi" 

" Bead ' wave*' vith the seoond folio. The sense requires a oironmstMiM 
that happens nsnallf , no! exeeptionaiiy, to shipa under sail." W. H. Lbiisom. 

P. 171. in) 

" Wereeommend to you, tribunet of the people, 
Ourparpoit to tliem; — and to our aoblt cdbihI 
With we alt joy and honovr." 
i.e., saTS Halone, "We entreat ;on, tribnnei of the people, to recommend 
and enforce to the plebeianE, That we propose to them for their appmbatiott, 
namely the app<Hniment of Cariolanns to the oonanlahip." — Mason's proposed 
allention of the pointing, — 

" Onr pmpoae ; — to them and to our nobU eonful 
Wiih ire all joy and honovr," — 
haa been adopted b? Hr. Collier ; though it is ptored to be irroiig bf the 
Ter7 neit apeech, 

" Senator*. To Coridanne eotoe all joy and hononr I" 

P. 172. (89) " allium," 

Here the bMo has " Abram ;" bnt in TJu Two Qentleinen of Verotta, act ir. 
se. 9, it has "Her haire iaAbame, mine is perfect Telloir :"— and in the 
present paaaage the editor of the fourth folio altered the old coimpt ipelling 
" Abram" to *' avbunt." 

P. ITS. (go) " So, ken coma o braet. 

Be-enter two CiiitesiM. 
You knoK the emue, tin, of nty ilanding here. 
Viittai. We do, tin" 
Sm note 5.— The f^o haa " You knov the emu* (Shr) ^mg," tio.; bat Ccri»> 


Va OOBIOLAHUS. [nons. 

imnna ig goir gpeakiiig to the " bnee," Uiongli he pieMnt^ aeks them for 
thsii vtAeea one by one. 

186fi. In theiz TMentlj-pobliihed Globe Slialttpeart the Cuolnidge E^- 
bws print 

" Cor. Bid them WMh their fuwa 
And keep their teeth elean. [Re-etiter too of the Oitizau.} 

So, here comei » b»ee. IRe-tatir a Iftird Cttiifn.] 
Yon hnow the eania, sir, of mj standing here. 
Third at. We do, rir," be. 
the inflertion " [Re-enter a third Cilieen']" being aomethiiig more than odd. 

P. 178. (91) "not" 

The Wio hat " hot ;" the aecond totio " no."— Corrected In the tliird folio. 
(The two word« "not" and "but," b( Um reader mOat have already obserred, 
are verj frequently eoikfoniLded.) 

P. 174. {91) '■ aoolUa Uige" 

The folio has " Wooluieh tongne." — The editor of the leoond folio altered 
" tongue" to " govne." — In this mach controverted passage I adopt the read- 
ily of Mr. Collier't Hb. Correator, " viooiUie :" compare ante, p. 166, " The 
napleu vature of hnmiiity." — That " tongoe" of the folio is a mistake for 
" tage" we might have been sure, even if a similar error were not foond In 
Othello, act L so. 1, according to the folio, and the quarto of 1630, wMoh 
have " the Tongned CotuuU." 

P. 176. (95) " batUet thriet «(« 

Fve (««i, and heard a/," tea. 
Hare " btard of seems to mean " famons," and to refer either to the battles 
or to the speaker. — Hr. Collier's explanation of the passage ie a strange one ; 
"The hero, instantly on the mention of the thrioe six battles he has seen, 
becomes asbamed of his apparent boosting, and adds therefore the qnalify- 
ing words ' and heard of,' meaning that some of the thrice six battles he had 
nut 10 maoh seen as heard of." — Farmer preposed 

" hoXtlet thrice eix 
Fee teen, and jon have heard of; for jMir voieti 
Done many thijigi," Se. 

F. 176. (94) 
Added t^Hanme 

P. 176. (95) "nollon," 

The lelloluw " notioe."— Corrected by Walker, Crit, E 



P. 177. (0) "0/Wm" 

I.e. OnUm.— TTaaalljKlteTed to "Onftitn." 

P. 178. (97) 

" Which niMt gihingJy, vrigraveU/, he did faihUm," 
Here " mo«l" would seem to be an interpolation. — Mr. Grant White gives 
the old text, Init remoTes the " Which" to the end of the preceding line ; ttud 
so, b7 mendtog the metre in one plaoe, apoila it in another. — Mr. W. N. 
IiettBom propoeel 

" Wldch, tubing most Dttgrarelj, As did foihion." 

P. 178. (98) 

" That our heit water bnmght hy cottdaiU hither; 

And Cemorlnuii, viho viai nobly nam'd 10, 

Ttctee being by ihe people choien eetuor, 

Wtu hi» great aneetUir." 
"The folio has merely 

" That our bat Wal^, brought by ConduiU hither. 

And Nobly tiam'd, to tieiee being Cemor, 

Woe hit great Aiuettor;" 
lomeOking having been evldentl}' omitted b; mistake. — I give the lines as 
exhibited b; the Cambridge Editors {Globe Shakapeara), except tliat I havo 
printed "who leat nobly ruun'd jo," instead of "nobly uunid m," baoana* 
the folio has " Ran'd." — " The passage, as Hr. Pope obserre^, was taken frou 
Plntareh's Life of CorioUmti* ; who, spesUng of the house of Coriolanns, 
takes notice both of his ancettort and of his poiterity, which oni anthor'a 
haste not giving him leave to observe, has here oonfonnded one with the 
other." WiKBDBTOH. — "The passage in North's translation [of PlataT«h], 
1679. nuts ihns : ' The hanse of the Martians at Rome was of the number of 
the patridans, oat ol the which bath sprong many noble peisonages : whereof 
Adcks Martins was one, Sing Nnmaes daughters sonne, who was king of 
Rome after Inllits Hostilins. Of biie same house were Pablins and Qnintns, 
who broogbt to Rome tbelr best water they had by condnots. Cengorinns 
also came of that famiiie, that was so Bnmsmed hioanse the people had 
chosen him censor twise.' " Malohs. 

P. 180. (99) " the noblet and the eonunont t" 

The folio has " the Noble, and the Common t" — The editor of the seoond folio 
■Iterad "Common" to "Connnoiw,'' bat overlooked the as — rmrnT osr- 
reotiaD of " NoUe" to " noiles." 

P.181.(ioa) "Cor." 

The folio has ■' Com." 

P. lea. (101) " good," 




P. 183. (loa) " Oivea Hydra htart to ehoate an oJUcer," 
The folio hui " Oiuen Hidra been to ehoo4e," ite. — The tnts reading wai 
lint ao^eated b; Leo ; who oompKres 

" Sir Hnmphre; SUfford and hu brother's death 
Hath gism tltent heart and oontage to proceed." 

The See. Part of King Henry TI. aet it. bc. *. 
We ma; also compare 

"Boldneia eomea to ms now, andbrlnga me heart." 

TroiivM and Crettida, act iii. m. 2. 

P. 183. (loj) " The horn and noite o' the ntontUr," 

So Capell, and eo Mr. Collier's Ms. Correotor.— The folio has " noiie o' 

th' MonateiB ;" one ol the man; isatanoes in the folio of the final < being 
imjooperl; added.— Hr. Binger, indeed [Shakeepeare Vindicated, te. p. StS), 
tells mi that "To change 'moneteiB' to monitor deatrojB the meaning-, tha 
plnral refers to the man; heads of tha hydra ; the reference is to Sieinins aa 
the moothpiece of the pleba." Bnt vcold any writer, after appljinK to the 
people collectiTelf the temi "Hydra," prooead, in the verjutme Bentenoe, to 
■pealcof the to -lymboliaed pleba as "moDaters"? Certainly not. SidaiBa ia 
" The Aora and noite o' the [many-headed] montter." — Earlier in the present 
play we hare had, p. ITS, "for the moltitode to be isgratefnl, were to make 
a momler of the muttitude," tc., and " he bimMlf [i. e. Coriolanos] atnek not 
to oallDS tht many-headed KttUtitvde :" afterwards in act it. m. 1, Ccriobmns 

" the beatt 
Wilh many head4 bntts me away." 

P. 192, (104) "I/he havepoaer. 

Then vail your iffnoranet: if none, av>ake 
Yovr dangeroui Itmily." 
The fint olanse ia explained by Johnson, " If this man has power, let ths 
ignorance that gaTe it him vail or bow down before him." — Mr. CoUier'a Ms. 
Oorieotor reada 

ir impotence ; if Nont, revoke 

Mr. Btanoton enggeata that " ignorance" may be a mistake tor " eignorie" or 
" signories," i.e. senatorial dignity, magistracy, sway, £0.; and that perhaps 
" lettity" mean* bere, not toildneHs, bat lenitndc, inactivity, sapineness (aa it 
does in a passage of Plntarch's Life of Coriolamu, — North's tranalaUcai}. — 
Leo enppoaeB that " aaake your dangtroia lenity" ma; be equivalent to 
"you mutt awake ojit 0/ yonr dangerous lenity;" which is not English. — 
Mr. Swjttfen Jervi* proposes 

Your dangeroue UnUy." 


sons.] COBIOLAHUS. 36$. 

P. 182. (loj) "team'd," 

Id printing " Itam'd" (not " learned") I adhere to the folio : eo in Henry 
nil. Mt i. BO. 2, we have 

" Tlie gentlenun is Uam'd, and « most rare Bpeaker," &e. 
" My Itarn'd lord oudiiial, 
DeliTer all with obari^." 

P. 183. {io6) "pUbetmt," 

Bee note 54. 

P. 188. (107) " Tltey know ih^ eoni 

WoM not our rrcompente," 
BoDthem {in a note on his cop; ol the fonrth folio), Hamner, and Ur. Col- 
liei'a Mb. Corrector read " Wat not their Tteampaue;" bnt the old text maj 
be right, meaning — was not glTen bj ne as a reoompenae. — Mr, W. N. Lett- 
aoan Bnggesta " Wai not a reamptnie." 

P. IBS. (loi) "taoHve" 

So HMon and Mr. CoUiei'B Me. Caareotor.— The folio has " Naliae." 

P. 188. (109) "bUton nttilHtude" 

The eioellent emendstioB of Mr. Collier'B Ub. Ooireotor. — The folio has 
"Bosane-maUipUed." — Tide Prefaoe to m; aeocmd edmon, p. zri. — (In a 
prsTious passage of this pla; the folio has "beesome" for "biuott;" Beo 
note 67-) 

P. 188. (no) "ToptcktkeeagUi. 

Men. Coptt, tnoufk." 

" Perhaps this imperfect line was tnigiuall; completed bj a repetition of 
'aumgK [whkb Hanmer gave]." Stiktbnb. — Bnt I ought to mention that 
the passage stands in the foUo thoa ; 

" The Natore of our Beats, and make the Rabble 
Call oni Carea, Feareg ; which will in time 
Breaks ope the Loekea a' th' Senate, and bring in 
The Crowes to peaks the Baglee. 
ISau. Coma enon^." 
and Bach,ino«t probably, was the anthor's arrangement oftheae lines, thon^ 
the folio, by miitake, baa omitted BomettuDg in the second line. It is better, 
however, if the metre mnst halt, that it should halt at the oondoBion of tha 

P. 183. (ill) 
The folio has "Whereon." 


an COmOLUIUS. itunm. 

p. IMi. [lit) " To imp a boiy ufth a dangerov$ phj/iie" 
TIm folio hu " To ininps a Body," Ac. ; whioh Haloite ezplaiiiad "To riik 
a tkod;;" and hia mMutroOB eiplanation of tHat tank oorroptioa has, I am 
tony to see, milled Dr. RiohardsoD to oite the paaaage in his Diet, noder 
"Jnmpi" jnst aa a aamment of Steev«n8 baa milled him to mppooe (aeo 
note 141 on the preceding pla^, p. ISS) that " impair" waa need b; Chapmaa 
ai an adjectiTs. — In my (oimer edition I read, with Pope, "To Tamp a bodg,'" 
fte. ; bat I uov prefer the conjeotnral amendaUon of Hr. Singer : the Terh 
"imp," a common term in faloonij, oocnn in onr anthor'a Sir^ Biehard H, 

"Imp ont onr drooping oonntry's broken wing:" 
indeed, it waa often nied mstapborioallf ; 10 Fntler speaks of persana who 
"imf* their oredit with atollen feathen." Warthia, toI. U. p. G6T, ed. ISll. 
— Hi. Btannton haa no donbt that the poet wrote " To pnrge a body,'" t^. 

F. 1S6. (tij) " Agid lir, handi iiff." 

Has been ameaded to " Hold, agid lir," ko., and to " Ujr agtd lir," Ao.: bnt 
qy. is the preceding •' turtty" a trisyllable T 

" Sen. Pat. Sse. Weapon*, atapon*, leeaponi ! 

Peaet,ptact, peace f — Stay, hold,peaet.'" 
"2 Sen. WeifionB, weapona, weapons: 

All. Feaee, peace, peaee, atsy, hold, peace." 
Here, with the Cimbildge Editora (Qloba Shate^eare), I throw ont the pra- 

P. 18£. (115) "Speak" 

An addition by Tyrwhitt, which is poaiUvely required for the eonse. — Mamn, 
inatead ^ it, wonld make a most awkward change of pnnctnatlon. 

P. 13E. (116] "Cor. Thatu the way to lay ike city fiat," be. 
The folio bas " Cam. That it the aay," &o. — " It is nmal, thongh in o^mmI- 
tion to the old eopiei, to assign this apeeeh to Coiiolaniu, on aooorot of 
irtiat Siainins aaya immediately after, 

' Thie deserrea death.' 

Bat the apeeoli is not at all oharacteriBtio of Coriolanne ; and the oTiuuiia- 
lion of the Tribune refers to what he had preriaasly spoken, 

' Uaroins wonld hare all from yon,' fto." Suvsiwf, — 
who ia, in my (pinion, mistaken. 



P. 18fi. (m?) "Sriend,." 

'The lolio has " friend :" bat see Meaeuiaa's preceding speech, of whioh, in 
fact, thif ia ool; a eontiunation. * 

P. 186. (iiB) "" 

'Whan Walker {Crit. Exam. tee. voL U. p. 144) pointed oat that hare the 
fOlie wnngl; oniU the repetition of the word, he did not know that it was 
to be foond in the editions both of Hasmer and of Capell.— The Cam- 
itrUge EditoTB (Globe Shakapeart) aaiign this speech to " Com." 

P. 186. (lis) •'yoar" 

The (<di« baa " onr." 

P. 186. (no) "Cor. Stand fait," Ac. 

The folio has "Com. Slaadfiul," As. — "This speeoh eertainlj ahonld be 
^ren to Cotiolaniu; tor all his friends peiaoade him to retire. Bo Cominins 
preaaiitl7 after; ' Come, air, along with as'." W^jwcKToif. 

P. 187. (ill) "Com." 

The fcJio has "Corio." — Corrected in the second folio. 

P. 187. (ii») "Cor. I mould Hiey atre barbariant," &<!. 
This distribntloii of the speechei (nnqaeituKiabl; the right one) was prc^oaed 
by l^rwhitt, with whom Mr. Collier's Ms. Coneetor here agrees. — The folio 

" Mene. I teould thty aere BarbaTiam, at thty are. 
Though in Bome litter'd : not Smnaia, a» thty art not, 
Though talutd i' th' Porch o' th' CapitoU: 
Be gone, put not your leorthy Sage into yoar Tongue, 
One time tcill oae another," 

P. 167- (113) " I eoutd mylei/ 

Take «p a brace 0' the beit of them; yea, the tino tribuTui." 
The Cambridge Editors {Qtobe Shaketpeare) make this the commencemeat 
«f the neit speeoh. Bnt ma; we not suppose that old Henenlns is here 
speaking rather of what he wonld like to he able to do than otwhat he really 
beli«veB he can do t 

P. 163. (114) " Se cotuul!" 

Mr.W. H. Lettaom wonld read "Consnll h» con«ul."'— The Mrlier altera- 
tions are " Me the eontul /" and " Be a eotuul /" 

P.iee. (.»5) "our" 

80 Theobald.— The folio has " one." 



358 COItlOLANUa. [mm. 

P. 189. (ii6) "The tenict of the foot 

Being tmet gaitgnn'd, it nol then retpected 
For what befme it vat." 
" NothiDg cut be more erident tluui that this eonld never be sud "bj Corio- 
Isutu'E apologiat, and that it waa said bj one of the tribunes ; I hftve there- 
foio given it to Sieinins." Wasbubtoh. — "Yoa allege, as,jB Menenina, that 
being diseased, be most be cat am;. Acooiding then to jour argnment, the 
foot, being ottoe gangrened, is not to be respected for what it was before it 
vos gangrened. ■ Is tbit JnetT' Menenine vonld have added, if the triboiie 
hs4 not intermpted bim : and indeed, nitbont any soch addition, from his 
■tate of the argnment these words are Dnderstood." Mai^he, — "This epeeeb 
is part of the preceding one ol BratnB. The next speech ('We'll hear no 
more,' &o.), I ahoold b^, belongs to Sieinins." W. N. Lanaoic. 

P. 180.(117) 

" ru go to Mm, and nndtrtake to bring ftini 
Where he ihall annctr, bf/ a laicfal form, — ■ 
Ittpeace, — to hit utmoit peril," 
Tbo falio, bj an evident miatake either of the transcriber or the printer, has 
" lU go to him, and vndertake to bring him in peace. 
Where lie eh^iU ajuicer by a laicfull Forme 
(Inpeace) to hit vtmott perill." 

P. 190. (i j8) '■ Yon do the m>bter." 

Dr. Badham {Cambridge Ettayt, vol. for 18E6, p. 277) thinks that there is a 
considerable biatna here; — which I donbt. The Fatrieian ia conunending 
CotiidanaB's obstinate determination to stand ont against the plebfl. 

P. 190. (t>9] 

" Falte to my nature } Rather tay, I play 
The man I am." 
" Bir Thomas Hanmer supplies the defect in the second line, very jodicionsly 
in my opinion, b; reading ' Truly the man I am,' Trvty is properly opposed 
to Falte in the preceding line." Stebvuns. —Dr. Badham [Cambridge Etiagtt 
vol. for 1856, p. 2TB) wonld read 

" Falte to my nature t Rather toy yon are glad 
Iplay the man I am." — 
Mr. W. N. Lettsom proposes 

" Falte to toy nature, laoQiei 7 Rather lay 
Iplay the man I am." 

Mr. W. N. Lettsom wonld substitate, with Mr. CoUier's Ms. Corrector, " 0, 
son, son, son." Bnt in the old reading have we not one ol Shakespeare's 
tonehes of nature, — VolnmniB testifying her displeasare at Cariolanus by the 
reiterated "»ir"r 



P. 191. (131) "Letgo." 

" Here again Sir Thonuts Haiuncr, irith anffloieni propriety, teads ' Why, let 
it go.' Mr. Rition woDld complete the mensiue with a Bimilar eipreuitoi, 
vhidt occurs in Olbttlo, — ' Let if go all.' " Btebtehs. — Mr. W. H. Lettsom 
HDggestB " Iiet go, let go." 

P. 191. (131) "Tht tkaartingi of your dUpontion," 
Th« folio baa "The tbinga of your dtapoBitloiiB." — Theobald unbstitnted 
" thieartingii" (Rowe hnTing read ," The things that thirart yoar dispofli- 

P. 191. (133) " Cor, Let them hang. 

Vol. Ay, ami bura too." 
The Cftmbridge Editors {Globe Shaketpeare) pTs the aecond speech to "A 
Patrician," — I can 011I7 say, that irhoeTer recoU^ots Mrs. Siddona in this 
soene, irill, I am aure, allow that the words "Ay, and Burn toa" seemed to 
come qoite natnrall; from the lipa of Volnnmia as a sndden spirt of oon- 
tempt lor thkt nibble whom, however, she saw the neoessity of her son'a 
endeaTonriiiB to conaUiate. 

P. 191. (134) "I have a heart at little apt a*youTi, 

But yet a brain that lead* my ute of anger 
To better vantage." 
Is this obaeore possago Ur. Collier's Us. Corrector interpolates a whole 

"I ham a heart oi litlU apt at yours 
To brook control without the use of anger, 
But ^£t a brain," Ac. 

P. 191. (ijs) "loth' herd," 
Theobald's eotrertioo ; and obvions enongh. — The folio has " to 'th' heart,'' 

P. 191. (136) •• each of them by th' other loie" 
As example of a verb plnnd after a nonmutife siiigiilar when a genitlTO 
plnral interrenea : aee note 1 16 on Love'i Labaur't U»l. 

P. 192. (»J7) " it lit* you on" 

" It itandi your graee upon to do him rij^t." 

King Btchard II. act ii. so. 3. 
"Does il not, thinba't thee, itand me note upon," ice. 
Hamlet, ut r. so. 3. 
" II only itande 
Our Iiet* upon to use oar stcongeit handa." 

^nton^ and Cleog. act U. so. 1. 


260 COBIOLASUB. [son*. 

wUoh I qnot«, beoause in the present puuge MTentl editora («Tes Mr. Qnot 
White) nibftitate " it Ue$ on jon." 

Bnt the eiriier put of this speeah hu receirad incmmble wonnda from 
the trknscaUwT or tba printer : with the preunt text, wlutever urmngement 
of Ihe lines be kdopted, the rerw moat hftlt inloIenUj. 

P. 192. (ijS) 

" Nor bji tht matter tchieh j/our heart jironipCi you," 

The feoond foliil liu " pnmptt you to." — Dr. Badham (Cambriigt 

Euayt, vol. for 1866, p. 289) read* " tehieh y<mr own heart ." 

P. 183. {139) "rooted ill 

Your tongut," 
The folio has " roated in," &e. — Thon{^ Dr. Biohardson In Ub DkI. cites the 
joeient panage nnder " Bote," he obBerreg, " Roated in Shehespearo ii per- 
haps rooted, flied, infixed, itnpreued,^DO deeper than joor tongue." — Hr- 
Collier prints "roted (n," &e., which he deliberately eiplaine " iaid 1^ roU, 
bi^ the tongue." 

P. 182. (140) "though bill battardt, and tyllabla" 

Dr.Badham [Cambridge Enayi, toI. for lefiS, p. 289)coDJectare8 " Uionght's 
biutardt, and bnt tyllabU$." 

P. 189. (141) "allowance," 

JohnBon propoBed, and Capell printed, "alliance." 

P. 193. (141) " KoiD huntble" 

Vi, Collier's Ha. Corrector reads " .Vote's kumblr." — Mason proposed " Bow 

P. 192. (44]) "handling,— aay" 

Bo print Hanmer, Mr. Grant White, and Leo; and so :(tr. Stannton pro- 
poses. — The toUo has " handling : or aay." 

P. 198. (14s) "quirid" 

If the folio eonld be traited in snch matten, here its spelling, " quier'd," 
would show bow the word was formerly prononnced. 

P. 198. (146) " timnch'i," 

The folio haa ■■ Ennncb." 



P. 193. (147) " or tltt virgin voice 

That babitt luU* atUtp "' 
Here the folio hw " That Babiti Inll a-ilrtpe:" nliieh Ur. W. H. Lettaom 
is dispoKd to reUIu, UiinMn g that "voice" m^ be a form of the plniftl (see 
Walker's Shahapeare'i Verification, be. Art. u,). 

P. IW. (14S) " owe" 

Ur. CoUier'E Ha, Ccmreator reads "ow'it;" and rightly, I stupeot. 

P. 196. {i«) '■ 'tU rrady." 

Tha modem addition to these woirds, " here," iMnu neoessary. 

P. 19B. (150) •• truth" 

Dr. Badham (Cambridge Bnaye, vol, for 1866, p. 289] iroold nibrtitnta 

P. 186. (iji) "itorth" 

If the tight reading, is sqoiTaleiit to "peiin7iToith."~~Ilotre printed "word;" 
and Hr. Collier's Ms. Correctar giTCS "monOi."— Mr. W. N. Lettsom snggeata 

P. 19«. (151) "Thnttg" 

Theohald's ooneation.— The foUo has " Through." 

P. 196. (ijj) "WeU.tay.—Peaae.hor 

Bteerens proposes " FTell, sir I tay on. — Feaet,ho.''' 

P. IflU. (154) "aeeeau" 

The fdio has " Aotions,"— Correoted bj Theobald. 

P. 197. (15s) "To the rock, to therockvithlUnt.'" 

Here the metre is defectire. (The second folio haa onl; " To ih' root vtth 

P. 197. (is6) 

"Men. Ii this the promi4e thai you nadt yo\iT tnother > 
Com. Ktune, Ipray you, — 
Cor. ril hune no farther:" 

Here again the metre halts; nor is it perfected if ve adopt the modem 


263 COBIOLAKCB. ' [hozbb. 

" Hen. It ihU 

TlupromUe that you »a4U your mother! 

Com. KnoK, 

I pray you, — 

Cor. ril kruM nofartfur." 

P. 193. [1J7) "Nor eluck tny courage" 

Mr. CoUicr'e Ua. CarrectaT reads " tfor check ny cifiiage ;" and Mr. Collier 
adds, " It le ntoat inaaniiitent with the noble character ol the hero to repre- 
Hbt him in Ihia way Taonting fail own 'conniige.' . . . Carriage is, of 
oonrae, deportment ; and the lery ettae mUprint baa b«eo pointed oat, and 
remedied in the same waj, in Henry VI. Fart III." itr. Singer, too ISKake- 
tpeare Vindicated, &c, p. 231), commends this alteration, which ia oonnte- 
nanced ij his own Mb. Corrector. — ^But they forget that "courage" was 
formerly often used in the eenae of— heart, apirit, mlod : aee note 56 on The 
Third Part of Sing Henry VI. 

18S5. Ab the Mb. Corrector baB corrapted the pasBage of Coriolamu and 
the passage oIA'iiii; Henry VI. hj changing "courage" to "carriage," so Mr. 
Collier cormpta the following paesage of Beaumont and Fletcher's Iiland 
Princeie, act il. bc. 7, b; changing "earmge" to " courage;" 
" Connt me a heavy sleepy fool, a coward, 
A coward past recovery, a confirm 'd coward, 
One without carriage or common Beose." 
Wonld the Governor of Temata, after three Ctmee prooluming himself a 
eoieard, immediately add that he was "one withont eourage" t Nobody, I 
believe, eioept Mr. Collier, wonld sappose ao, or vonld fail to see that " one 
withont carriage" means " one withoat conduct — management." 

P. 198. (ijS) "Envied againit the people," 

i.e., aajB Bteevens, " behared with signs of hatred to the people." Bat (]y. 
" Inveif^'d against the people" t 

P. 188. (,j9) "for" 

The folio has " from." 

P. 108. (160) "tareatiei" 

Wallier {Shateipeare't Vertijlealion, *o. p. MB) wonld print the eontrseted 
form "oaroasaV 

P. 199. (161) "not" 

Capell'a correction; and ao Mr. Collier'a Ma, Corrector.— The folio boa " bnt" 
(which Mr. Staunton and Mr.W. N. Lcttsom think right). 

P. 189. (161) "Abated" 

Wallur {Crit. Exam. Ac. vol. iiL p. 84) proposes "Abased," — wron^, I 
think.—" -Abated' here cairies the sense of tuak and dirainitlted in iplril 




■and courage." Hashbb. — To the pusogeE cited b; SteeTeua ad I. maj be 

" ThOM markee of pride shall be abated downe," Ac. 

Tfe Warret of Cyna King of Penia, *o. 16M, tliO con- 
clading apeeob. 

P. 199. (163) " thta" 

TbiM modem addition ia in all probability the miming word ; for Uiftt a word 
is wanting here who can doabt 7 

P. 199. {164) "eomt:—" 

Not in the toUo. 

P. 199. (iSj) " To lay extremity wai the trier of tpiriU;" 
So the Hoond foUo. — The first folio haa >> To lay, Extreamides tcoi," Ae. ; to 
wUeh reading Halone adhered : in defence of the plnral here, he cited from 
an earlier aoene, p. 191, "Bnt tiiitn txtremitiei apeak:" toivhiafa, howeTer, 
ve may oppose what afterwards ocenrs, p. 206 ; 

" Now, this extrentity 
Hath brought me to thy hearth." 

P. 200. (166) "being otixile leounded, eravei" 

Pope printed "b«Jn$ gently irBrded.eraDM," Hanmer, "betn^ greatly warded, 
crave;" and Mr. CoUier'a Ma. Corrector sabstituteB "being i)«nti«-mindGd, 
erava." The old text (which scarcely can be right) ii thaa explained by 
Jidmson ; " When Fortone itrikea her hardest blovB, to bo wonnded and yet 
continue calm requires a geoerona policy." 

P. 200. (167) » My firit >oa," 

la explained by Warbniton "My noblest aon." — Heath proposea [moat vilely) 
" ily fierce (on." — Hanmer printed " First, my aon." 

P. 300. (16S) " expoiure" 

The ftdio has " expoatnre ;" which Walker {Crit. Exam. &c. vol. iii. p. 211) 
ia " inclined to read." Bat I believe, with Steevena, that it " is no more than 
a typographical error." 

P. 301. (169) " Bid them aU home," Ice. 

" Something aeema to have dropt ont of this speech. Qy. 

'Bid them all home, and give 'em thaitlit; he 'a gone. 
And well no farther.— The nobility 
Are vexbd, whom ve see have vainlg sided 
In his behalf.' 
In the third Ifai* the aenaa aa well aa tiie metre demandi aome such word aa 


SCI C0BI0LANU8. lnvaa. 

• uUnly,' tat the nobUitf wen not vexed beuou the; )ud aided with Corio- 
lannB, bnt beemuee they bed done lo to no pnrpoBa." W. N. LxrttOM. 

P. 202. (170) "plagtie- 

Mr. W. N. IiettMHO would read " pUgoea." 

P. 808. (171) "wiM" 

Ur. W. N. Iiettiom would mbstittite " vile." (" At uij rate," he obaerrei, 
" ' wUe' ii prepoeteroiu,") 

P. 302.(171) "WhattheH.' 

Ht'd make on end of thy jxnteTilg.'' 
Oiren to Tohunuia ^ Huuner ; mi righUj periupe. 

P. 202. (i7j) •' Cot.," 

Mr. Collier'* Ma. Correotor alters " Catt" to " Can,"—" consiatestlj," Ea]r» 
Mr. Collier, " with the term Coriohwna had prerlonsl; applied to the rabbU.'" 
Bat it is quite evident that here Tolumnia is Bpaaking, not of the rabble, bnt 
ol the tao iribunee. — Hr. Btannton mggeBts " Bats." 

P. 308. (174) " Come, come, come. 

Hen. Fie.ficfie"' 

P. SOS. (175) " loell approved bij your tongue." 

80 Steerens ; and eo Ur. CoUier'B M«. Corrector. — The fdlo haa " well >p- 
pear'd bjf your Tongue." 

P. 206. (176) 

" Whole home, ahoie bid, tohoit meal, and exereite, 

Are alitl together, mho tain, at 'latere, in love 

Uneeparable, (hall within thii ftour," 

80 Ur. Collier's Us. Correotor. — The folio has " Whoee Honres, tchote Bed," 

toe. ; whiob no one, leilh the context full before Aim, need attempt to defend 

hj the passage in Hidtummer.Highl'e Dream, act iu. «c. 3 ; 

" the houre that ire have qtent. 
When we hare ohid the hasty-footed time 
For parting ne." 
Here tlie ettor of the folio wm an emj one : bat perhaps it may be partly 
attributed to the occnrrenoe of the word " hour" at the end of the third line. 



P. 205, (177) "Up birth-pUiee halt I, and tug lore'i i^foit 
Thit enemy town." 
C»p«ll'a OMTMotioii.— Tbe tolhi hM " Mj/ BiHhflaee h»ae I," tce.-^ij. (on 
aooonnt of irhat foQoira, " if ft« b1»7 me," &e.) " Thti etumj't bnen" t 

P. 206. (178) " Enter a Uar4 Servant." 

The folio has " Enter 3 Serair^man, the 1 meets him j" whioh I formerlj 
did not nndeTBtuid : I now Bee that "the 1" meane the Servant toho aaefinl 
on the itagt, before the eutrauee of the Third Serrant, — in fact, the Second 

P. 207. (179) 

" fUtenee eom'it thouf vhat wouldit thout thy namtr 

" Whenee eom'tt thou! and what woultbl lAou; ai,j, thy name t" 

P. 207. (180) " I/, TuWiu," Ice. 

Thia apeeoh [taken, with some TariatioD, from Horth'e Plntareh) ia printed 
a« i^OM in the folio; bnt Borel} It was not intended for proM I7 the anthor, 
knd would Bsem to be oorrnpted.— Mr. W. H. Lettaom renuika that the ex- 
pr«Mion " think for" ii not English. — Pope gate 

"If, TttlUit,jet thou hnoa'it me not, and, seeing me, 
Doit not Tet taken; /in- the man I am, 
SeeetHty eommandi me name myeelf." 

" If, TuUut, 
Ifot yet thou know'it me, and, teeing me, dott not take bu 
To be the man I am, neceMiily 
Command* me name myielf." 

P. 307. (iBi) "to the VoUeUmi' ean," 

Pope prints " (0 Tolsdan tan." 

P. 308. (iSj) "Arootofancieiuenvy. JfJupiter 

Should from gond cUmd tpeak divine tldng; 
And toy ' 'Tit true,' I'd not believe them more 
Than thee, M-noble Mareiui." 
Bo the lines an anaoged in the folio ; and, I beliere, ri^tl;, though a dU- 
farent anangnnent has heen attempted. Bnt the noond line ia ooiainlj 
mntilated. — Pope gsre 


-3S6 CORIOLANUS. [sons. 

" Should /nmt yon cloud tpeat to me tbingB dirine." — 

" Should from out yonder cloud tpeak divine thingt"/ 
fin Samlet, utiiL H:.3,we hftve "yoadtrebntd.") — In tlM third Hue Wilker 
(Cril. Escam. Ice. toI. iii. p. 209) would re«d " believe liim more," 

P.30e. (1S4) " And lear'd tfie mom aith iplinttn ;" 
The folio (with ita old apeDine) hu "Jndseux'd the Mocne" lie.; which ii 
nttuned Itj Malone mod Mr. Collier (the (oimer innocently remarlring that a 
line in Siekard III., 

" Amaie the welldn with ;onr broken itaves," 
" certainly adda tome tupport" to the reading "Kdr'd".')- — 1865. Mr. Collkt 
now gives, with hie Hs. Corrector, " icar'd." 

P. 209, (i!5) " no qttarrel eUe" 

Bo the Uiird folio. — The earlier folios have " no other qtmrrell tlte." 

P. 209. (186) "o^tr-bear." 

So some eopiea of the folio : other copies hare orroaeooalir " o'r«-betite." — 
Mr. Grant White adopta Jacksou'B reading, " o'er-ieor't." — " IThe proBonn, I 
Uiink, can aeareely be dispensed with here, bnt it shonld be ' her'." W. N. 

P. 209. (187) 
Ur. W. K. LettBom 

— The natial alteration ia 

P. 310. (liS) 
The folio has "too 

P. 211. (189) 
The folio has " boj^d." 

P. 211. (tjo) " diTtcUtude." 

" I suspect the anthor wrote ' iiaereditude ;' a made word instead of ' dit- 
credit.' He intended, I snppose, to pot an uncommon word into the mouth 
of thia servant, which had some resemblance to sense ; bat oonld hardly 
have meant that he should talk absolute nonsense." MaImOhb. — Mr. Col- 
lier's Mb. Corrector suhstitntes " dejeetitude." — Mr. Singer (iS^ieipMiK Vin- 
dicated, Sco. p. ass) says, much too oouSdently, " There ton be no doubl that 



P. 211. {191) " Thit peace it nothing" 

The sentence being perhaps mntilatad, CapeU printed " Thi* peaee it good 
lot nothing:" the earlier Lnsertion was "worth." 

P. 212. (ijz) "iprittly, ■aaking," 

The folio haa "iprightly nalkitig;" which Mr. Sbumton retftine, and ex- 
plains " quick moving or marching." 

P. 212. {193) ••fuU ofvmt." 

i. e. " fnll of runwur, foil of tnateiiali for iiteoane." Johbbos. — Mr. Collier'a 
Ms. Coireotoi i«»da "/ullo/vannt." 

P. 219. (194) " Uiharg^ :" 

WallraT {Crit. Exam. &e. voL i. p. 93) qneriea " s Itthargy." 

P. 212. {19s) ■' mulUd," 

i.t., according to Hanmer, "softened sjid diapirited, aa wine ia when burnt 
and aweetened. Idtt. molUliu." — Walker would sabstitnte "mote:" see his 
Cril. Exam. £c. tdI. i. pp. 93, 188, toI. ii. p. 49. 

P. 21a. (196) '•ttiepy,- 

The folio has " sleepe." — Corrected in the third folio. 

P. 212. (,97) "war;" 

The folia has " warres" both here and in the next speech. — " I shoold hare 
■perdsted ia adherence to the reading of Mr.PopeC'icar's"] hadnotaumilar 
irregolftritj in speech occnrred in AU'a well that tndt leell, act ii. bo. 1, 
where the Elecond Lord aaja, ' 0, 'tubr»Te wars." as we have here ' toarama; 
he said to be a raviiher.' " SxaKTEKa, — Bnt the two pasaageB are not aimi- 
lai ; and beaideB, Ihongh onr author frequently nsea " ican" (or " war," the 
firBt WMds of the present Bpeech, " Lot me have war" (the folio " Warre"), 
prove thSit in the oondnding portion of It he employed the Gingalar. — " In 
our paaBs^ War is perBonified and is (qiposed to Peace. It Ib enrely impos- 
uble that, nuder aiicb drcamBtanceB, Shakespeare would have need tbe ploral, 
particularly when he had begnn wiUi the nngnlar." W. N. Lairsoii. 

P. 212. (198) " Bit Ttmediet are toane V the prttenl peace" 

Bo Theobald.— The folio has " tamt, th* pretent peace."— Mason wonld 

read " are lame i' the," 4c,— Mr. Bt»unton obBervea ; " Omiflsion, how- 
ever, ia not pediape the only defect in the line ; the word ' remediet' ia very 
eqnivoeal." — Haomei gave the passage thus ; 

" His remedies are tame : the present peace 
And qnietneBB of the people, which before 
Were in wild hnrry here, do make his friends 
Blush that the world goea well," Ac 



P. 312.(199} "Bro. HaH,»iT!" 
An addition bf Cftpcill, wbloh botli the replf d Heaeniu ud the metre 
piore to have been acddentaUr omitted in the foUo. 

P. ai2. (100) "rir." 

Addad 1^ C^ell.— Coaqpare iriiat prwedea. 

P. 213. (im) "yoabothr 

Qy. " both yon" ? 

F. 313. (aoi) " Tftt/unit ofriiennce. 

Hen. I think not lo." 

" Bead ' aititUmeit' [' ofititancy']." Walker's Crit. Exam, fte, Tol. il. p. 18. 
— The GsilieT kttompt to perfect the metre here vm by ptindog "Nay, I 
think not to." 

P. 311.(103) "^^ nobU* in great eanuttntu art going 
All to the tenate-hmue ; totM not* it eotae 
That turm their ct 

The folio faaa "■ lomi netce>i$ eonuning," Ao.; which Mf.Enighttetaiiw 

(became " the retder irill Temembei Mr. Cuopbell's flue image, 
< Coming erenta throw [cast] their ahadowa before ;' " 
the Roman ncblea, of conrae, being gifted, like Campbell'a wizard, with the 

■eoond eight I); and which in moat of the recent editiona ia altered to " 

lome ntvt it oome in," ±c. (Boawell defending that alteration in a note aboot 
« redundant terminationa," tee.) — Now it is qnite eiident that the mi«t»ir* 
of " comming" fur " come" waa occasioned by the trtuiBorlber'B or oompoai- 
tor'a eye haying canght the word iutmediate^ abore, "going." (So in The 
Tempeit, act ii. bc. 3, the folio haa 

" No more dama I'le make tor fiah, 
"Sot fetch in fliing, at requiring, 
Nor Bcrape (Tmchering, nor waah dieh," £e. ; 
where the error " (renehtring" originated in the preoeding " Sxittg" and " re- 

P. 211. (104) '■ Good Kareiiu" 

In my former edition I too hastily adopted the reading of Mt. Colliez'B Ml. 
Corrector, " Ood Jfareiiu,-" and I have now to Mgret that I afaonld bavebeen 
partly the canso of Mr. Orant White's adopting that erroneooi reading. 

P. 216. (loj) ■■ Than vioUnttat contrarieti/:' 

" The folio haa ' Wofcnl'it,' the tnie reading. It is a line of three feet and 
a half, 

' Thau Tiojlent'st oon|trarie|ty.' " 
Walker'a SAatcafwora'a Vtrtifieatian, £e. p. 170, — Hanmer printed " Than 
vioUntett oontrarietiM." 


IMM.] COBIOLAimB. 269 

P. 91fi. (lot) 

" Tlian boyi j/vrmit^ tuminer butltrjlia. 
Or butchrri kiUing Jtlet." 
"Witte,OT*t leut pronoonoe, ' butterJUtt' [onMommt of "Jtiti" in the next 
line]. T)Tt.jUia,iIvta' Elytium,vai.; 

' Of lilie* »h»U tiM Allows be, 
YliQi down stnft of tlie butUrfiee.' " 
WtUwr's Crit. Exam. te. toI. iii. p. 212. 

P- 216. (107) " regiont" 

Altered by Mi, Collier's M«, CorrMtar to " legions 1" wbiisli (u eliewhwe we 
lure had "legiona" misprinted "regioni," — see note 135 on The Fint Part 
of King Henry TL) I hsTsfelt rtrongly inclined to adopt : bntHr. W.N. Lett- 
■om renuzkB that " the Bamana had no inaj on foot, and oaaMqnenUj no 

p. 216. (loS) •■Aremoei'^' 

HuuMT, for the metre, jgave " Are onlj ino«):'d." 

P. 216. (109) " they eharg'd Aim mm 

At thoif thould do that had deterv'i hit hair, 
Ani thtrtiti thow'd likt «nont«." 
" Their charge ca injonetion would show them '"■"'"N" ol his wrongi, and 
make them «Aow like entmUt," Jobhsom. — "' They eharg'd . . Andthertin 
thotB'd^ hta here the foirae ol ' They would charge . . . And therein show.' " 
Hiunra. — ' ' Plntarch s^a that wlien Coriolanns was beetegiiig Larininm 
witL the VolHes, the Roman people weie deairoDS to annul the decree of hia 
tnt, hnt the Senate then maintained it. Poaaibly Bkakespeaie may 
allade to that drennutanoe, though it ii not mentioned in the play." 
t. Lxmoif. 

P. 216. (110) "You'vs made /air handt. 

You and your era/li f you've era/ted fair! 

Com. You've brought" 

'• We oo^t nnqnestionahly," axja lb. CcJlier, " to read [with the Ms. Cor- 
rector] handycTofU tot 'eiafta,' and to print the lines as follows, both on 
account of the sense and the metre ; 

' YoQ have made fair hands ; 
Yoa and your handyert^U hare orafted fair.' 
This change oompletea the (leleetiTe line, and ahowa that Henenina nae* the 
introdoctoiy ezpreaslan, ■ Ton have made fair hands,' in order that he may 
follow it op by the oontemptnons mention of handyeraftt." No: the old text 
is^nita light. To •'mate/airfundf" (or"aj!n« htmd") is a common enon^ 
«ipre«*ion (eo in Henry VIII, toI. t. p. COS, " Te're nadt a fine hand, fd- 


370 COIUOLANUa [motU- 

lowa"); md the chsnge of " cra/li" to " handyenftB" is nnneceBBary for tlia 
BSDM, because manual labour is Boffldentl; implied in the former word. As 
to "the metre," it is perfeot with the old reading; while the Corrector's 
alteistion deranges it eutdrel;. 

P. 218. (ill) "Bad" 

The fdio has " Hane." 

P. 219. (ill) " So hattd, and to bmUh'd:" 

According to Mr. fitsnnton, " After ' So hated, and so banish'd,' there is ob- 
Tionsl; a chasiD, which it were Tain to think of filling np." 

P. 219. {113) "rirtua" 

80 the second folio. — The £rat folio has " Tertne." 

o chair 

A Tcry dark (or rather, a manifestly cormpted) passage ; on which the com- 
ments in the VarioT. Shatetpeare and elsewhere are alike nnsatisfactoiy.— 
Ilr. Collier's Mb. Corrector (haying previotiBl; made two alteratio&i in this 
speech] Bnbstitatea "chetc" for "cliair;" Ur. Singer [Shakttpeart Vindi- 
cated, Ac. p. 236) would read "hair;" and Mr. Grant White {Skaketfeare's 
Scholar, Ac. p. 836) is well persnaded that the gennino text ii "Hath no( 
a famB $0 eloquent at a cheer," &c. — 1B66. Mr. Grant White now proposcB 
"Hath not a tongue taeloqavnt at a chair," &t.; and Leo conjeoturcs "Hath 
not a tomb to rcidmt at a claim," &o. 

P. 319. (lie) 

"One fire drive* out one fire; one nail, onenatl; 
SightM frjf right* falter, ttrtngth* 6j( ittengthi do fail." 
The folio has "Righti by rights fonlor, tirengtha," lie., which editors and 
oritica haT« thus Tarionsly altered; "Bight's dy right fonler," Sec, "Right's 
by right fonled," kc, " Bight's by right foiled," Ac, "Right* by right* fool 
are," tec, " Righit by right* fonndsr," &e., " Right* by right* sofler," Ac, and 
" Sight* by Tight* foil'd are," Ac. — That averb liea oouoealed under the cor- 
raptioii " fouler" is indnbitable. As to the word which I have introduced, 
it was frequentl/ spelt "fautter" (so in Shelton's Don Quixote, Part first, 
p. S7S, ed. 4to, " who wbeo tbej perceine their Ladles to favlttT," lie.), and 
therefore might easily hare been mistaken for " fouler." 



P. S20. (117) " that have vreek'dfair Some," Ue. 
The folio has " that hatte wrftek'd tor Borne," Sse. — Huunex printed " fAaf 
hate Buk'd /air Borne," &e. — I give the pMsege nith the additiotuil emenda- 
tion of the UteMr. W. W.WiManLa,who(not aiiare Uut Huuner had altered 
" lor" to "fair") mites thas ; " We meet elsewhere in fihakspeare with ' fur 
Athens,' ' fair Milan,' and ' fair Verona :' and why not /air Some — that ' orbs 
jmlehertima' ? MeneniDS ezclainiB ironicall; that the trihones have earned 
Iot themaelTes a noble memorial hy obtaining cheap charcoal for the poprilace 
at the ooat of the conflagration of their beantilol citj — a homorona azplosion 
of indignation, in perfect keeping with his character." The Parthenon tar 
May 3d, 1868, p. 19. 

CouJil be tay kai.'" 
The folio baa "lesse rxpecled." 

P. 220. {119) " a rare petition" 

i.e.ti itnnge, an extraordinary petition. — The folio has " a bare |>«C jfion." — 
Corrected by the late Hr. W. W. Williama in The Parthenon for May Sd, 1863, 
p. 10: be compves "And a petition Kranted tbein, a itrange one," act L 


P. 230. (120) " Pray you now, go to him." 

The " now" is not in the folio, (Compare, ante, p. 193, 
"I prithee nair, my son, 
Go to tliem," ice.) 

P. 220. (izi) " WeU, and tay that Mareiut," iic. 

There is evidently something wrong in this passage. Hanmer altered it in 
one way; Capell in another: and Dr. Badham [Cambridge Eiinyi, vol. for 
1856, pp. 280-1) wonld read 

" Well, and $ay that ilareiia 
Selum me, at Cominivi ii retitm'd. 
Unheard; what thent or not nnbeard, but at 
A diieonlented friend, grief-ihot with hie 

Sit, Say't be so, yet your good will," te. 

P. 221. (ill) "you" 

Bo Maion and Hr. CtJlier'a Ms. Corteotor.— The folio has " I ;" a misprint 
oocanoned by the " Pfl" in the preceding line.—Witb the old reading, and 
point the apeech how *e will, Menenias roakea a silly remark ; " there could 
be DO donbt," a« Mason ohaerres, "bnt Menenias himself would soon haTs 
knowledge of his own sneesss." 


373 COBIOIANUS. i^orm. 

P. 221. (213! " icAat he trouU no(, 

Sound «ith an odtA to yield to fti'i eondttiMU .-" 
HanmBr printed 

"Bound aitb n» oath, not |/l(Zd to new conditioti*." 
HBlone aayB, " I baliore two 'htil UnM have been lost ; thftt ' Bouiut vilh a% 
oath' ms the begmning of one line, uid ' to j/UId (0 fii'i candid'oni' tbe oon- 
clmiiiM of the next." — Mr. BUnnton proposes 

" Bowid with an oath to yield to no eondilioni." — 
Hot without reuoa Hr. Onmt White obterres, " Thia puMga is ineoiqae- 
henaible."— " Proteaaor Soil; waggaaUA to me, as b aeir rekding, ' hold" for 
' ^{'Iil.' " Lbo. 

P. 331. iI^^) ■■ Ho that all hope U vain, 

Unlen tn'i iiobU mother and hit ai/e;" 
In my tonner editi<m I retkined the i««dii]g of tbe foUo, " rnlate hia Sobte 
Mother," tec. ; i. e., saya M^one, " Bo that «e have now do other lu^e, no- 
thing to rely npon, but hli mother and his wife, who, as I am told, mean, 
fto. Unteii is here naed for except." Bnt I now think it impossible that 
BhaltecipeMe eonld baTe used tach pbraMology; and I adopt the leotion 
frtiieh lome one raggeated to Sleerent, " Dnleti in'$ noble mother," ise.: in 
tbe preaent pl^ contractionB of Utat kind are freqnent. — Haomer mbatitnted 
" trom'a" for " his." 

P. 322. (115) " Stand, an4 go back." 

"This defeetive meatnre nugbt be completed threading ' Stand, and go biek 
again.'" Sieitexb. 

P. 293, (116) •' >nagni/ied" 

80 Eanmet and Ur. Colller'i Mb. Corrector. — The (olio has " verifiedi" which 
perhaps crept Into the text in oonBeqaeaee of the transcriber's or comi>odter'a 
eye having rested on the word "Terit7"in the next line. — Ur.W. N.LettSom 
•ski "Wh; not repeat ' amplijled't" ^-heo proposes "gloriSed." 

P. 238. (117) "eaiy" 

Is expbuned "slight, incoasiderable." — Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector read* 
" queasy;" and Mr. Staunton proposes " wheezy.'' 

P. 338. {ii8) 

" dolanV 

Has been altered to 


P. 228. {»9) 


Not In the foUo. 


p. 223. (130) "tvoon" 

So tlie fbnrth folio. — The first folio hag " Bvoond." — See nets 9} on The 
Winter'a Tale. 

P. 223. (131) ••ourgaUi" 

The tcdiohu "your QaUt." — OorreotediD the fourth folio. 

P. 224, (aja) " Ingrate forgetfiilTteu ihatl poiion, rathsr 
Tlian pily nott hou mti-h." 
Theobald printed "Ingrate forgelfulrten thallprisoa, rather," &a.; "whidi," 
he amja, "adds tta antitheaiB, ij which the sense eeems clearer and more 
natmsl; viz. thai forgetfulnii shall rather keep it a secret," &c. It is at 
le&et certnin that elaeivhGre the foUo has by mietalia "poysone" for "priiane" 
And " poTBon'd" for "pri$on'd ;" see note 1 14 on Love'i Labour'e toil. Bat 
there is something foroed in Tbeobkld's reading here. 

P. 334. (1J3) "tteoont" 

So the fonrth folio. — The firat folio has "swoond?" — See note 53 on The 
ITinter'i Tale, 

P. 225. (134) "Iwinnot." 

Mr. Lettaom would read "ZtBlllnot, I." — Bnt qj. did not the post write "I 
Mdlnot.— Ha!"r 

P. 236. (»35) "rilnever 

Be tvch a goiling to obey initinet; but itand," 
Mr. W. N. Letlaom qaeriea, 

"PiJ ne'er t« 
A goiling to obey imtinct; bat ilattd." 

P. 336. (136) "prait," 

Theobald'B coneetion. — The folio has "prm;." (The Me. meet probably had 

P. 328. (237) " tlie hungry btach" 

Has been explained, " the beach himgry or eager for sMpwrGoha (Utliu ava- 
mnt)," and " the sterile nnprolific beach." — Mr. Qrant White is inclined to 
think that Makme's conjeetnre, " the angry beaeh," is the trae reading. 

P. 226.(138) '■Itolp*' 

The folio has " h(^," — the ooneetion of which ia ohrions. 


371 COUOLAinTS. [ 

P.2M. (ijj) "enrieO" 

The folio hu "enrfied." — (So, in ,<tri veU Ikol endi weO, the folio h 
wrong Epelling "muddied:" fee note 196 tm Oat plaj.) 

P. 227. (»4fl) "(«liff»" 

Tlie folio bM " tiling." 

P. 227. [141) " Which ^ou dejty alnady : yet tee'U atk; 
That, if (se fail in our rtquat," 
ThBloliohu " That if 70a /aiU," &e. — " Mr. Pope, who altered eTeiypbrMH 
ilut wtifl not conlormaUe to modem phnseology, changed * that if you fail,' 
fto. to ' that if vt fail,' ftc" Hu/)Ke. — It wu B«ire iriio (in his mo. ed.) 
mede tlie klteratloni and it ia eridentlr right; "7011" mnst hATO been re- 
peated bj QUBtftke from the preeeding line. In this pla? the Iidio Bwanns 

P. 22s. (14.1) "Ay, and on mint," 

" 'Oit' was EQpplied bj aomo former editor [Capall] to complete the taea- 
snre." Sibbtehs. — " UnneceaEarilf, if 'worid,' acoording to Mr. TTnrhitt'B 
canon, is used eg « dissyllable." Bobwblu — What reader, if he has common 
sense, oan donbt that Bttakespeaie, luning written jost before " on tby 
mother's womb," wrote here "Aj, and or mine"? 

P. 239. (i4j) "Jlw" 

The folio bas "flue." 

P. 220, (144) ••charge" 

The folio has " ohange." 

P. 220. (145) "Down, ladiet; Ut tu ihame him with our itn«««." 
So the second loUo.— The first folio has "Down Ladit* : Ut v* ihamt him 
with him Kith our kneei." 

P. 229. (146) '■ thiM child" 

The folio baa "bisCMMa." — Corrected by Theobald, who obserree; "Vo- 
lomnia would hint that Coriolancs b; his stem hehavionr had loat all 
family regards, and did not remember that he had any child. ' I am not his 
mother,' aaja Bhe; 'hia wife is in Corioli; and tkit child, whom we bring 
with na (yonng Mareias), is not his ehlld, bat only bears his reaemblasoe bj 
ohaoee.' " 


«Tie.] COBIOUNUB. 375 

P. SM. (1+7) 

" Wert you in my lUad, tay, vxmld ytm have htard" 
The faUo hu merely " Were you in my ttttd, iBoald yoa hapt heard." — 
Walker [Crit. Exam. £0. TtA. ii. p. 1ST] snggeats " An aere you in my $Uad, 
would," Ao. : but the eulier modem addition " lay" seenu pnferaUe. 

P. 280. (j4i) "afonnerfartmu." 

HeMUiUjBJolinKa), "myformeroredit and power." — Hanmer printed "mj 
f armor fortuM." — Mr. CoUkr'BMB. Conectra^ giTsa "aiinaerforttmt." 

P. 2S1. (i«) 

"Se Hu in Jtlt itate, at a thing made for Alexander.'" 
Thia baving been miaiindentood, — at least by Leo, — I m^ notice that it 
means, " He uts in his ohair of state, as an image fashioned to resemble 

P. 231. (150) "jibftrfow" 

See note $4. 

P. 2Ba, (151) 

" Sio, Friend, 

- Art thon certain tM* ii trvet it it moit certainJ 

Bee. Mess, At certain at I know the tun it fire :" 
Walker (Crit. Exam. &e. vol. lit p. 16£] reads, In tlie seoond line, " Art cer- 
tain thit," AD. (which is the reading of Pope)— Mr. W. K. Lattsom (Note on 
Walksr'B Shakeipeare'i Venification, lai, p. 286] remaikB that here " Shake- 
speare oonld Boarcal7 hare jtunbled the phrases together ['Art thou eer- 
UdnV and 'It it eertain}''\ so awkwardly as be appesia from the editdons 

to have done 'It't' (as the old copies print ft] Is a mispruit lor 'I tir,^ 

i.e. 'Ay, tir,' and here the Messenger begins his answer to Sioinini. The 
note of inlerrogstian after 'eertain/i' first appeared in the third folio. 'TAou,' 
moreorer, seems to hare been inserted ob m^trum, as In the old copies the 
Terse begins with 'Friend.'" — 186B. In a lettoc with which he has lately 
faToored me, Ur. Lettaom adds ) "It is not at all likely, or rather it is qnite 
impossible, that a person vonld begin with 'Art thou certain this is bmet* 
and then go on, ' (( it most oertsin r' He would say ■ art thou most 
certain f " 

P. 933. (151) "And ft«(p the joy. pxennt. 

Scun T.," tco. 
Here nsnally no new scene is marked ; bnt it Is gnite plain that Uenenias, 
Bloinins, £c. were intended by the author to qnit the stage ; and that, on 
their " Exeunt" (which the folio has), a duage of scene — to a street near 
the gate of the dty — was to be snpposed by the speetators. Menenins and 
his eofflpanlans go oai to meet the ladies as they prooeed throogh the dtj 


hnmewftrds : but their meetiag is not brought before tbe ejes of the aadieiioe ; 
nor ms it neceaaai; that it Bhcmld be. — 1B6S. Since the nppenruice of my 
&nt edition, Mr. Staunton, Mr. Grwit White, &e. have followed wj euuiiple 

P. 232. (153) "Unihoal" 

The folio has "Ynshoot." 

P. 338. (1S4) "Corioli." 

This Boene nsed to be marked "Antium" till Mr. Binger anbetilated "Cotioli." 
nntaroh, indeed, as Leo obeeTTeB, calls Antium the native town of AnAdia?, 
and, p. 234, the First Conspiiktor Ba^B to Anfidins, "Yoor natiTe town 7011 
enter'd like a poet," &c. : bnt the wordB of Anfidlna, p. 3S6, 
" dost then think 

111 grace thee with that robbery, tbj atol'n name 

CoriolaanB, in Corioli T" 
cannot posBiblj mean what Leo Bnppoaeg the? ma? mean — " dost tfaon Udnk 
I'll grace thee with that robbery, thy in Corioli Btol'n name V 

P. 334. (i5s) "iTe boic'd hii nature, never kiwisn before 
But to be rough, unstDayable, and free." 
Walker Bays (Crit. Exam. Sea. toI. i. p. 76) ; " My ear tells me that Shake- 
qieaie never coold hare ho conclnded a period ; neither conld he have need 
'ioui'il' thns ahsolntely. Part of a line has dropt ont, eomewhat lo l^e 
following etTeet ; 

To an «nf oro'd obaerrance. 

Third Con. Sir, hit ttoutiuti, ftc' "— 

Here Hanmer altered "free" to "fierce" (andsoMr. Collier's Me. Corrector). 
— Capell omits "free." 

P. 234. (aj6) " fiolp to reap thtfamt 

Which lie did end aU hit;" 
Here Rowe altered "end" to "make;" Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector snbstitnteB 
"ear:" and Mr. Singer {Shakapeart Vindicated, &□. p. 237) approves of the 
reading proposed by a crarespondent in Notes and Qveriei, 
"holp tomx the fame 
Which he did reap all hie," — 
According to Mr. Grant White {Shakeepeare'i Scholar, Sec. p. 887), "there 
is not the least necessity for this violence to the original text. Aufidiut 
helped to reap the fame which Coriolanui made, in the end, all hia." — Mr. 
Staooton, and the late Mr. W. W. Williams (under the initials W. D. in The 
Literary Gazette lac March 15, 1663, p. 263) wonld read 
"holp ta reap the fame 
Which he did bind all hie.''— 
Bnt the Ber. W. R. Arrowsmith (in The Editor of " Nolet and Qatriei" and 



hit friend Mr. StTtgtr, ie. -p. 9), to abowibat "thsBhalloireetQloiieeflteieliira 
ixt HerefordBhire anetlooeer ib competent to verifj the old reading," oitea the 
ftdlowing odTertuemeDts from The Hereford Timet, Jannu; 3Sd, 1858 ; 

" Eockentree Farm, Djmook, GlaneestersMre. Hr. Joseph BinL haa the 
priTilege tu annoimce to his friends and the pnblio generallj, that be irill 
anhmit to pnblio aaotion [among other things] three irell-EKDED ha;-ricks, 
three excellent irell-iKDaD wheat-rieka," &e. 

" Bridge Hooae, Rodhftll Mill, in the parish ol Upton Bishop, i; miles 
from Bogs, Herefordshire. Uessrs. Dowle and Stephens are instmeted to sell 
b; anotion, on Fridaj, the SSth Jannaiy, 1868, [among other things] a lick 
of vell-BiiDSD hay," &o. 

Mr. ArroTsmith continnea ; "Bnt Bnppoaing no proof could be adduced 
that ' end' is a teohnical phrase in harvest -work, yet the ordinary eignifiea- 
tion of the irard mmld folly justify its nse hy Shakspeare here. ' Staf' 
has tvo meamngs, a narrow, and a hniad : in its stricter sense it denotes no 
more than cntting with the sickle : it is so nsed by Shakspeare in this pUoe. 
Its more extended sense — and that, if I mistake not, only in way of meta- 
phor — by a synecdoehe, impiU'tB the oonnmunatioii of * bairest. Aft«r the 
partionlar operation of reaping, much remains to be done, many cavoaltieB 
hare to be eneoontered, befOTe the comjdetion ol the harvest, and 'finit 
eoronat optu' is as trae in bosbondry m in other occnpations : when the 
crop is honsed or inned, stacked or ricked, then, and not till then, is it 
' endtd.' I repeat, therefore, that Shakspeare's genuine word ' end' recem- 
mends itself, even in its common acceptation ; and if it has become a stum- 
bling-blook to commentatora, it is simply becanse they mistook their calling, 
no less than they miatook the word." 

P. 3S6. (ij7) "ot?ur" 

The folio has " others." 

P. 236. (ijS) "Notaore." 

i. e. No more than a bqy of tean. — But periiaps Tynrbitt was right in sup- 
posing that these words belonged to the Firtt Lord, and in understanding 
them to mean Save dtme, 

P. 236. (159) "FlMtefW 

The foUo has " FIatter'd."--Gorreated in the third folio. 






As it ia not onlj included in the folio of 1623, bot mentioiied u Shike- 
■pure's b; Meres in hia PaUadit Tamia, tc. 1598 (gm tbe Memoir of Shake- 
epeare), we are forbidden to asEert — what iuteraal eridenoe aeema strong 
to attest — that oni author had no share in ita eompoaition. — " On what 
IHicciple the cditon of the fint complete edition of onr poet's plays admitted 
Uiii [Tilvt Andronieuil into their rolame, cannot now be ascertained. The 
most probable reason that can be asugned, ia, that ha wrote a few lines in 
it, or gave some assistsnea to the aathor in revising it, or in some other way 
aided him io bringing it forward on the stage. The tradition mentioned by 
BavenMroft in the time of King James II. irarraats ns in th«H"{; one or 
other ti these suppositions. 'I hare been told' (says he in his Preface to 
an slteration of this play published in 1687) > by some anciently conversant 
with the stage, that it waa not ori{pn«Uy Ma, but bronght by a prirate 
anthor to be acted, and he only gsTe some master touches to one or two of 
the prindpsl parts or cbaraieteTB.' " Mai.oke, Prrlm. Brmarkt on Titiu 
Andronicm. — " Titos Andronicas is now by common consent denied to be, 
in any senee, a production of Bhakespeare ; very few passage*, I should think 
not oue, resemble his manner. — Note. Notwithstanding this intenul eTidenee, 
Meres, so early as 1E9B, enumerates Titna Androoicns among the plays of 
Shakespeare, and mentions no other l^at what is genuine. Bnt, in criticism 
of all lands, we must acquire a dogged habit of resisting testimony when 
;■« ipio per te vociftratnr to the contraij." Haij.ui, Introd. to tlie Lit. of 
Europe, 4o. Tol. ii. p. 177, ed. 1843. — " A. i., and the greater part, or r»tlier 
the whde, of A. v., are the work of one writer, and that writer not Shake- 
speare. The Jjatinism both of the manner and the matter would be snffl- 
cicut to prOTfi this, did not the ntter want of imagination in the anthor render 
oil other arguments nccdlesE. The other three Acta — with occasional excep- 
tions, perhaps — bear the anuiiGtakablB stamp of another and more poetical 
mind ; yet I feel all but certain that Bhakespeare did not write a wori of ths 
play, except (posEibly) one or two passages. To say nothing of the absence 
of his peculiar ciocllenees, and the precipitous descent tram Fmu> and 
Adimit and Tarquin and Lucrtce to Ti'liu Androaicus, I do not belisTe tliat 
he vimild haro written on such s sabjcct (and this, by the way, applies as 
well to the First Scene of Periclet, and the brothel sccnea of A. ir.}; still 
less that lit coold hare reveUed with such evident zest in details of outrage 
snd annntaral craelty. Perhaps the Ijiat Scene of A, ii. was written by the 
anthor of Acta i. and t." Walimi, Crit. Exam, of the Text of Shakeepearr. 
etc. Tol. iii. p. 214. — Uenslowe (Diary, p. 3S, ed. Sbakeapeare Boc.) reoorda 
that a play which bad never been eoted before, called " Titut and Ondrom- 
cm," was performed by the Eari of Sussex's men, Jan. 23d, 1593-4 ; and he 
dso menticns (Diary, p. 3S) that in June 1594, an " ,4n(froiiicouj" was 
acted by the Lord Admiral's and the Lord Chamberlain's company. — It 
seems certain that an entry made by Danler in the Stationers' Begistos, 
Feb. 6th, 15!f3'4, of " A booke entitled a noble Bonuiu Historye of Tytns 



AndnmitmB" refen to the plsj attribnted to Bhakeipeare ; which, aooording 
to Langbune (Account of Eng. Dram. Poeti, p. JM}, " was first printed 4° 
IjOdiL 16M," tbongh at pTeaent no qatrto earlier than that ol 1600 is known 
to be ertant. 

In B quarto Tidnnie jnst published (1865) b7 Mr. Albert Cohn, entitled 
Shaketpeart in Qermam/ tn tlu Sixlemth <md Seventeenth Centnria, £o., ii 
(both in Oerman and English] the "Tragedy ofTitui Andranicut, atltd in 
Qenaatty, about Iht year 1600, hy EngUek Flayert, tuppoied to be aa tnttta- 
lion of the old Titiu Andronicui ;" and I now Bobjoin, without an; remarks 
of my own, the greater portion of the aeeonnt of it given b; Mr. Cohn (from 
whom,b7tbeh7,IbegleaTentterlyto dissent when he dedaiei that the Titut 
Andronieva attribnted to Bhakespeare "betiaTS nnmennu tiaoea of his 
genine"). " In onr Oerman ' Lamentable Traged;' we have the pla;, in all 
probabijitj, in a form copied from the first design. But the coare« feeling, 
which was interested in the mete external action alone and not in the dra- 
matio doTelopment, has prCTOiled in the treatment of this, as well as almost 
all th« otbor pieeei in the coUeetiot], fat the ptioeipal object has OTidenllf 

been to reduce the piece to the smallest possible compass No notice 

baa hitherto been taken of a circumstance in the Oerman piece which enables 
ns to fix with tolerable certaint; the date of the English one. In the year 
1691. a piece entitled 'Titne and Tespasian' was performed on the London 
stage. It must have been very popular, tor from the llth of April 1591 to 
the ISth of January lS9B[-4] it is very frequently mentioned by Henslowe. 
In Bhakespeare's 'Titas Androoicus' there is no Vespasian; no one therefore 
ctmld erer imagine that the piece alluded to by Eenslowe was the original 

fram of the Shakespeiian piece But in our Oerman ' Titus Androni- 

«as' a Teepaaian is one of the principal charact«rs. It is a fictitious, and no 
historical personage. In the beginning of the piece ha appears as the parti- 
san of Titus Andronions, for whom he claims the Uirone of Home, bat to- 
wards the end he is suddenly transformed into his Bon and aTenger, who ot 
the conclusion obtains the crown, — one of those instances of a confusion of 
charaeterB to which we hsTs already alluded, and which are strong eridence 
ot the carelessness with which this Oerman Tersion of the piece was made. 
We may safely assume that this Teepaeian, like all the other characters of 
the Oerman piece, was taken from the original 'Titus AndrouicDB,' and thoB 
we should hare to acknowledge that ' Titus and Vespasian' as the original on 
which Shakespeare's play was founded. In his first menUou ot it, tuideT the 
date of April 11, 16S1, Henslowe designates it on the marpn with ne, which, 

with him, always signifies a piece given for the first time On the 

9Srd of January 1693[-4], the piece ia first mentioned under the name of 
'Titne Andrenlcua,' and again with the addition ne; it is probably therefore 
the recast ot the piece, as we have it in the folio of 1623." p. ciiL 



SutnimiUE, 8011 to the Ule Emporor of Bwie, uid ktterwuda de- 

olai«d empsiOT. 
BiuuKiii, Imtther to Bataniiniu; in lore with LaTinia. 
TiTUi AnsBonoci, a aoble Boman, genenl agunat tlie Qotha. 
Hiwnrs Annxosicus, Mbmie of the people, and brother to Titu. 


YovHa Loonrs, a boj, rod to Lndiu. 

PuBLnrl, Mm to Maroos the tiibiiiie* 


Cmdb, V kinnneB to Titna. 


Mmiliob, a noble Boman. 

AliiXBUB, -I 

DxKVTBica, j- lona to Tamora. 

Cbuos, J 

Aaboh, a Moot, beloved by Tamora. 

A Captain, Tiibnne, Meewnger, and down. 

T^ ^Tfn^nn mn A Qoths. 

Tucoa*, Qneen of the Gotha. 
I^Tnrai, daaghtw to Titna Andtonimu. 
A NwM, and a blaok Child. 

Senatora, Tribnoei, Offlcera, Boldien, and Attandanti. 

Soxm — Borne and thi eomttry near it. 




SoBNX I. Rome. Bejore the Cental. 

The Tomb o/f£e Amdronioi ajipearing; the Tri1>aiies and S 

aiofi. Enter, hdow, from one side, Satcbninub and hie Fol- 
lowen; and, from t?ie other nc/e, Bassukub and hie Followen; 
with drume and colours. 
Sat. Noble pfttriciims, patrons of mj right, 

Defend the joBtice of my cause irith arms ; 

And, coontrymeD, my loving followers. 

Plead my snccesBive title with year swords : 

I am his firBt-bom son, that was the last 

That wore th' imperial diadem of Bome ; 

Then let my father's hocoars lire in me, 

Nor wrong mine age with this indJignity. 

Baa. Romans, — friends, followers, &Tonters of my ri^t, — 

ISe\et Bassianas, Ctesar's son. 

Were gracious in the eyes of royal Bome, 

Keep, then, this passage to the Capitol; 

And suffer not dishonour to approach 

Th' imperial seat, to virtae consecrate. 

To jnstice, continence,^ and nobility : 

But let desert in pare election ahine; 

And, Bomans, fight for freedom in yoor ohnce. 

Enter Masous Andbokicus, aloft, with the crown. 
Mare. Princes, — that strive by factions and by friends- 
Ambitiously for rule and empery, — 
Enow that the people of Bome, for whom we stand 
A special party, have, by common voice, 


384 TITUS ANDB0NICC8. [*" >• 

In election for the Boman empety, 

Chosen AndronicuB, samamM Pins 

For man; good and great deserts to Borne : 

A nohler man, a braver warrior, 

LItos not thJB day within the city walls : 

He by the senate is accited home 

From weary wars against the barbarous Goths ; 

That, with bis eons, a terror to onr foes, 

Hath yok'd a nation strong, train'd ap in arms. 

Ten years are spent since first he nndertooh 

This cause of Rome, and chastised with arms 

Onr enemies' pride : five times he bath rctoru'd 

Bleeding to Bome, bearing his valiant sons 

In coffins from the field ; 

And now at last, laden with honour's spoils, 

BetnmB the good Andronicns to Bome, 

RenownM Titus, flonriBbing in arms. 

Let ns entreat, — by honour of his name, 

Whom worthily you would have now succeed. 

And in the Capitol and senate's right. 

Whom yon pretend to honour and adore, — 

That you withdraw yon, and abate yoor strength ; 

Dismiss yonr followers, and, as saitora should. 

Plead your deseitB in peace and humbleuesg. 

Sat. How fair the tribnne speaks to cahn my thonghts ! 

Bob, Marcns Andronicns, so I do aSy 
In thy uprightness and integrity. 
And so I love and honour thee and thine. 
Thy uoble brother Titus and his sons. 
And her to whom my tbongbts are humbled all. 
Gracious Lavinia, Bome'e rich ornament, 
That I will here dismiss my loving friends ; 
And to my fortunes and the people's favour 
Commit my cause in balance to be weigh'd. 

^Exeunt the Followers of Baaaiatuu. 

Sat. Friends, that have been thus forward in my right, 
I thank you all, and here dismiss you all ; 
And to the love and favour of my country 
Commit myself, my person, and the cause. 

[^Exeunt the FoUmeera of Satuminus. 


aeon i.] TITDS ANDBONICUB. 385- 

Borne, "be as jttst and gracious unto me 
As I am confident and kind to thee. — 
Open the gates, and let me in.''' 

Bas. Tribnnes, and me, a poor competitor. 

[Flourish. Sa^iminus and Baaeianus go up into 
the Capitol. 

Enter a Captain. 
Cap. Bomans, make way : the good AndronicuB, 
Patron of virtae, Rome's best cliampion, 
Snccessfol in the battles that he- fights, 
With hononi' and with fortune is return'd 
From where he circumscribed with his sword. 
And bronght to yoke, the enemies of Borne. 

Druma and trvmpeta toundetl. Enter Martius and Mdtics; ^fler 
them, two Mea hearing a coffin covered with black; titen Lucics 
avd QniKxns. After them, Titus Androsicus ; and then Ta- 
UORA, with Al&rbus, DEMETHiug, CniKON, Aaron, artd other 
Goiba, prisoners ; Soldiers uTid People following. T?ie Bearera 
M( dovm the coffip, and TiTua speaks. 
Tit. Hail, Bome, victorioas in my'** moaming weeds ! 

Lo, as the bark that hath discharg'd hei'*' &aaght 

Betams with ptecioas lading to the bay 

From whence at first she weigh'd her anchorage, 

Cometh Andronicas, bonnd with laorel-boaghs, 

To re-salnte his country with his tears, — 

Tears of true joy for his return to Rome. — 

Thoa great defender of this Capitol, 

Stand gracious to the rites that we intend ! — 

Romans, of five-and-twenty valiant sons, 

Half of the number that King Priam bad. 

Behold the poor remains, alive and dead I 

These that Hurrive let Rome reward with love ; 

These that I bring unto their latest bome, 

With borial amongst their ancestors : 

Here Goths have given me leave to sheathe my sword. 

Titos, nnkind, and caieleea of thine own. 

Why anffer'st thou thy sons, nnbnried yet. 

To hover on the dreadful shore of Styx ?— 


^86 TITUB AimBONICDB. {tax t. 

Hake way to lay them by their brethren. — 

[The tomb u opened. 
TThere greet in silence, as the dead are wont, 
And Bleep in peace, slun in yonr ooantry's wars I 
O sacred receptacle of my joys. 
Sweet cell of Turtne and nobility, 
How many sons of mine hast thoa in store. 
That thoa wilt never render to me more ! 

Luc. Give ns the proudest prisoner of the Cloths, 
That we may hew his limbs, and on a pile 
Ad manes fratram sacrifice his fiesh. 
Before this earthy prison of their bones ; 
That 80 the shadows be not anappeas'd,*** 
Nor we distnrb'd with prodigies on earth. 

Tit. I give him yon, — the noblest that sarriTeB, 
The eldest son of this distressed qaeen. 

Tarn, Stay, Soman brethren 1 — Gracious conqueror, 
Yictorioas Titns, me tihe tears I shed, 
A mother's tears in passion for her son : 
And if thy sons were ever dear to thee, 
0, think my son to be as dear to me I 
Snfficeth not, that we are bronght to Rome, 
To beautify thy triumphs and return, 
CaptiTo to thee and to thy Roman yoke ; 
But must my sons be slanghter'd in the streets, 
For valiant doings in their country's cause? 
0, if to fight for king and commonweal 
Were piety in thine, it is in these. 
Andronicus, etain not thy tomb with blood : 
"Wilt thou draw near the nature of the gods ? 
Draw near them, then, in being merciful : 
Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge : 
Thrice-noble Titus, spare my first-bom son, 

Tit. Patient yoarself, madam, and pardon me. 
These are their brethren, whom yon Goths beheld 
Alive and dead ; and for their brethren slain 
BoligionBly they ask a sacrifice : 
To this your son is mark'd ; and die he must, 
T' appease their groaning shadows that are gone. 
Lws. Away with him ! and make a Gre straight ; 


uaat* I.] TITD8 ANDBONlOUa. 287 

And with oar ewotds, upon a pile of wood, 
Ijet'H hew hlB hmbs till they be clean consnm'd. 

[Exeunt Lucius, Quintas, Martiui, and Aftrttiu, 
with Alarbue. 

Tom. crael, iireligioas piety ! 

Chi. Was eyer Bcythia half bo barbarous ? 

J>em. Oppose not Scythia to ambitions Bome. 
Alsrhas goes to rest ; and we onmre 
To tremble ander Titns' threatening looks. 
Then, madam, stand resolv'd ; bnt hope withal, 
The self-Bame gods, that arm'd the Qneea of Troy 
With opportonity of aharp revenge 
Upon the Thracian tyrant in her tent,*** 
May favonr Tamora, the qneen of Goths, — - 
"When Goths were Goths, and Tamora was qaeen, — 
To qnit her*" bloody wrongs npon her foes. 

Se-^nter Lcoius, Qumrns, Mabtids, cmd Mutivb, with their ttcorda 

Zmc. See, lord and Mher, how we have perform'd 
Oar Boman rites : Alarbns' limbs are lopp'd, 
And entrails feed the sacrificing fire, 
"Whose smoke, like incense, doth perfume the sky. 
Bemaineth nangbt, bnt to inter onr brethren, 
And with lood lamms welcome them to Rome. 

Tit. Let it be BO ; and let Andronicns 
Make this his latest brewell to their sools. 

[Trumpets sounded, and tJie coffin laid in the tomh.'^ 
In peace and honoar rest yon here, my sons ; 
Rome's readiest champions, repose yon here,'*' 
Secnre &om worldly chances and mishaps I 
Here Inrks no treiuon, here no envy swells. 
Here grow no damned grndges, here no storms, "°' 
No noise ; bnt silence and eternal sleep : 

Enter Lavinia. 
In peace and hononr rest yoa here, my sons ! 

Lav. In peace and hononr live Lord Titos long ; 
My noble lord and father, hve in fame 1 
Lo, at thia tomb my tribataiy tears 



I tender, for my brethren's obsequies ; 
Acd at tby feet I kneel, with tears of joy, 
Shed on the earth, for thy return to Borne : 
0, bless me here with thy victorioaB hand, 
"Whose fortunes Home's best citizens applaud ! 

Tit. Kind Borne, that hast thus lovingly reaerr'd 
The cordial of mine age to glad my heart ! — 
Lavinia, live ; outlive thy father's days, 
And fame's eternal date, for virtue's praise ! 

Eniei', below, Marcus AnDBONicira and Tribunes ; re-enter 
Saturninus and BA»3ANina, attended. 

Marc. Long live Lord Titus, my beloved brother, 
Gracious triumpher in the eyes of Rome I 

Tit. Thanks, gentle tribune, noble brother Marcus. 

Marc. And welcome, nephews, from snccessfol wars. 
You that survive, and you that sleep in fame ! 
Fair lords, your fortnnea are alike in all, 
That in yotir country's service drew your swords : 
But safer triumph is this funeral pomp, 
That hath aspir'd to Solon's happiness. 
And triumphs over chance in honour's bed. — 
Titus Andronicus, the people of Borne, 
Whose friend in justice thou hast ever been. 
Send thee by me, their tribune and their trust. 
This palliament of white and spotless hue; 
And name thee in election for the empire. 
With these our late-deceased emperor's sons : 
Be candidaliis, then, and put it on. 
And help to set a head on headless Bome. 

Tit. A better head her glorious body fits 
Than hia that shakes for age and feebleness : 
What should I don this robe, and trouble you ? 
Be chosen with proclamations"" to-day, 
To-morrow yield up rule, resign my life, 
And set abroach""' new bueiness for you all ? 
Bome, I have been thy soldier forty years. 
And led my country's strength snccessfally. 
And buried one-and-twenty valiant sons. 
Knighted in field, slain manfully in arms. 


aama i.] TITUS AKDBONIODB. 28 

In right and service of their nohla eonntry : 
Oire me a staff of honour for mine age, 
Bat not a sceptre to control the world : 
Upright he held it, lords, that held it last. 

Marc. Titns, thoa ehalt obtain and ask the empery."" 
Sat. Proud and ambitions tribnne, canst thoa tell 9 
Tit. Patience, Prince Satamine."*' 

Sat. Romans, do me right;— 

Patricians, draw yonr swords, and sheathe them not 
Till Satnminns be Rome's emperor. — 
AndronicuB, woald thou wert shipp'd to hell, 
Bather than rob me of the people's hearts ! 

Luc. Prond Satnmine, interrapter of the good 
That noble-minded Titne means to thee ! 

Tit. Content thee, prince ; I will restore to thee 
The people's hearts, and wean them from themselves. 

Bas. Andronicns, I do not flatter thee. 
Bat hononr thee, and will do tiU I die : 
My foction if thoa strengthen with thy friends,^" 
I will most thankful be ; and thanks to men 
Of noble minds is honourable meed. 

Tit. People of Rome, and people's tribunes here, 
I ask your voices and your snffirages : 
Will you bestow them friendly on Audromcns ? 
Tribunes. To gratify the good Andronicns, 
And gratnlate his safe rotara to Rome, 
The people will accept whom he admits. 

Tit. Tribunes, I thank yon : and this suit I make. 
That you create your emperor's eldest son, 
Lord Satamine ; whose virtues will, I hope, 
ReSect on Rome as Titan's rays on earth, 
And ripen justice in this commonweal : 
Then, if yon will elect by my advice. 
Crown him, and say, "Long live our emperor!" 

Marc. With voices and applause of every sort. 
Patricians and plebeians, we create 
Iiord Satuminus Bome's great emperor. 
And say, " Long live oar Emperor Satnmine !" 

{A long flourish. 
Sat. Titns Androniena, for thy &Toiin done 



390 TITUS Ain>BOHICUS. [^oi 

To OB in onr election this day 
I give thee thanks in part of thy deserts. 
And will with deeds requite thy gentlenesB : 
And, for an onset, Titns, to advance 
Thy name and hononrable Kunily, 
LaTinia will I make my emprefls,"" 
Home's royal mistress, mistrees of my heart. 
And in the sacred Pintheon'^" her espouse : 
Tell me, Andronioas, doth this motion please thee 7 
Tit. It doth, my worthy lord ; and in this match 
I hold me highly hononr'd of yoar grace : 
And here, in sight of Borne, to Saturnine — 
King and commander of our commonweal, 
The wide world's emperor — do I consecrate 
My sword, my chariot, and my prisoners ; 
Presents well worthy Rome's imperions lord : 
ItooeiTe them, then, the tribute that I owe. 
Mine hooonr's ensigns hnmbled at thy feet. 

Sat. Thanks, noble Titos, father of my life ! 
How prond I am of thee and of thy gifts 
Borne shall record ; and when I do totget 
The least of these unspeakable deserts, 
Bomans, forget your fealty to me. 

Tit. [to Tamordj Now, madam, are yon prisoner to an 
emperor ;"* 
To him that, for your honour and your state, 
Will use yon nobly and yoar followers. 

Sat. [aaide] A goodly lady, trust me ; of the hae 
That I would choose, were I to choose anew. — 
Clear ap, fair queen, that cloudy countenance : 
Though chance of war hath wrought this change of cheer, 
Thou com'st not to be made a scorn in Rome : 
Princely shall be thy usage every way. 
Best on my word, and let not discontent 
Daunt all your hopes : madam, he comforts you 
Can make yon greater than the Queen of Qoths. — 
Lavinia, you are not diapIeuB'd with this ? 

Lav. Not I, my lord ; sith true nobiUty 
Warrants these words in princely courtesy. 

Sat. Thanks, sweet Lavinia.— Bomans, let as go ; 


«onn 1.1 TITUS AKDBONICTTS. 391 

BanBomlesB here ve set our prisoners free : 
Proclaim onr hononrs, lords, with trnmp and dram. 

^Flourish. Satuminiu cowrta Tamora in dvMh-show. 

Bos. Lord Titus, by your leaTO, this maid ia mine. 

{_Seizing La,vinia. 

Tit. How, sir ! are yon in earnest, then, my lord ? 

Bat. Ay, noble Titas ; and reBolv'd withal 
To do myself thia reason and this right. 

Marc. Suum cuique'^^ is our Roman justice : 
This prince in justice seizeth hat his own. 

Laic. And Uiat he will, and shall, if Lncias live. 

Tit. Traitors, avaantt — Wtere is the emperor's guard? — 
Treason, my lord, — Larinia is sorpris'd t 

Sat. Snrpris'd ! by whom ? 

Bob. By him that justly may 

Bear his betroth'd from all the world away. 

[Exeunt Baaaianus and Marcus with Lavinia. 

Mut. Brothers, help to convey her hence away. 
And with my sword I'll keep this door safe. 

[Exeunt Lucius, Quintus, and Martiut, 

Tit. Follow, my lord, and I'll soon bring her back. 

Mut. My lord, yoa pass not here. 

Tit. What, Tillain boy ! 

Barr'st me my way in Eome ? [Stahhing Mutiaa. 

Mvi. Help, Lncias, help t [Dies. 

Re-enter Lncins. 

Lue. My lord, yoa are unjust ; and, more than so, 
In wrongful quarrel you have slain your son. 

Tit. Nor thou, nor he, are any sons of mine ; 
My sons would never so dishonour me ; 
Traitor, restore Lavinia to the emperor. 

Zmc. Dead, if yoa will; but not to be his wife. 
That is another's lawful-promis'd love. [Exit. 

Sat. No, Titus, no ; the emperor needs her not,""' 
Nor her, nor thee, nor any of thy stock : 
I'll trust, by leisure, him that mocks me once ; 
Thee never, nor thy traitorous haughty sons. 
Confederates all thus to dishonour me. 
Was there none else in Borne to make a Btale,**" 



Bat Satnmice ? Fnll w«ll, Audroniona, 
Agree these deeds with that prond brag of thine. 
That Baidst, I begg'd the empire at thy bands. 

Tit. O monBtroQB 1 what reproachfol words are these ? 
Sat, But go thy ways ; go, give that changing piece 
To him that flonrish'd for her with his sword : 
A valiant son-in-law thoa shalt enjoy; 
One fit to bandy with thy lawless sons. 
To raffle in the commonwealth of Rome. 

Tit. These words are razors to my wonnded heart. 
Sat. And therefore, lovely Tamora, qneen of Goths, — 
That, like the stately Phcebe 'mongst her nympbs, 
Bost oTershine the gallant'st dames of Rome, — 
If thon be pleas'd with this my sadden choice. 
Behold, I choose thee, Tamora, for my bride, 
And will create thee empTesB"** of Bome. 
Speak, Qneen of Ooths, dost thon applaad my choice ? 
And here I swear by oil the Boman gods, — 
Sith priest and holy water are so near. 
And tapers burn so bright, and every thing 
Iq readiness for Hymensns stand, — 
I vrill not re-salnte ihe gtreeta of Bome, 
Or climb my palace, till from forth this place 
Z lead espons'd my bride along with me. 

Tarn. And here, in sight of heaven, to Rome I swear. 
If Satnmine advance the Qneen of Goths, 
She will a handmaid be to his desires, 
A loving nurse, a mother to bis youth. 

Sat. Ascend, fair qoeen. Pantheon."" — Lords, accom- 
Tonr noble emperor and his lovely bride. 
Sent by the heavens for Prince Satamine, 
"Whose wisdom hath her fortnne conqaerM : 
There shall we oonaommate onr sponsai rites. 

[Exeunt SatuTnintis attended, Tamora, Dettutriut, 
Chiron, Aaron, and Ootks. 
Tit. I am not bid to wait upon this bride : — 
TituB, when wert thou wont to walk alone, 
Dishononi'd thus, and challenged of wrongs ? 


acsxm I.] TITUa ANDBOHIOUB. 3«S 

B^-erUer Mahoub, Luciob, Qcintds, and Mabtius. 

Marc. Titns, see, O see what tboa hast done ! 
b a bad quarrel Blain a Tirtaoas son. 

Tit. Xo, foolish tribniie, no ; no bob of mine, — 
Ncxr thoo, nor these, confederates in the deed 
That hath dishononr'd all onr fomily ; 
Unworthy brother, and unworthy sons ! 

Luc. Bat let as give him bnrial, as becomes ; 
Oire Mntins bnrial with our brethren. 

Tit. TraitorB, «wtty\ he rests not in this tomb : — 
This monoment fire hundred years hath stood. 
Which I have somptaoosly re-edified ; 
Hare none but soldiers and Rome's servitors 
Kdpose in fome ; none basely slain in brawls : — 
Bnry him where yon can, he comes not here. 

Marc. My lord, this is impiety in yon : 
My nephew Matins' deeds do plead for him; 
He mast be buried with his brethren. 

„ ' j- And shall, or him we will accompany. 

Tit. "And shall"! what villain was it spake that word? 

Quin. He that would Touch't in any place bat here. 

Tit. 'What, would you bury him in my despite ? 

Mare. No, noble Titus ; bat entreat of thee 
1o pardon Mutioa, and to bary him. 

Tit. Marcus, even thou hast struck upon my crest. 
And, with these boya, mine honour thou hast wounded : 
My foes I do repute you ereiy one ; 
So, bvuble me no more, but get yoa gone. 

Mart. He is not with himself;'**' let us withdraw. 

Quin. Not I, till Mutins' bonea be buridd. 

[Marcus and tke torn of Titus kneel. 

Mare, Brother, for in that name doth nature plead, — 

Quin. Father, and in that name doth nature speak, — 

Tit. Speak thou no more, if all the rest will speed. 

Marc. BenownM Titua, more than half my soul, — 

Luc. Dear father, sool and sabstance of as all, — ''*' 

Marc. Suffer thy brother Marcas to inter 
His noble nephew here in virtue's nest, 



That died in honour and Lavinia's canee. 
Thon art a Boman, — ^be not barbaroas : 
Tbfl Greeks upon advice did boiy Ajaz, 
That slew bimBelf; and wise Laertes' son 
Did gtacionsly plesd for his fdnerals i'"' 
Let not yonng Mntiaa, then, that vta thy jo;. 
Be barr'd his entrance here. 

Tit. Biae, Marcus, rise :— 

[Marciu and the others riw^ 
The diamall'st day is this that e'er I saw. 
To be dishonoor'd by my sons in Borne ! — 
Well, bory him, and bury mo the next, 

[MiiHua it put into the tomb. 
Luc. There lie thy bones, sweet Mntins, with thy friends, 
Till we with trophies do adorn thy tomb. 

All. [kneeling] Ko man ^ed tears for noble Matins; 
He liTCB in fame that died in virtne's eaase.**" 

Marc, [risijig with the rest'] My lord, — to step out of these^ 
dreary damps, — '*" 
How comes it that the snbtle Qneen of Goths 
Is of a snddeo thns adranc'd in Borne ? 

Tit. 1 know not, Marcus ; bat I know it is, — 
Whether by device or no, the heavens can tell : 
Is she not, then, beholding to the man 
That bronght her for this high good torn so far ? 
Marc. Yes, and will nobly him remanerate.'*" 

Flouritlt. Re-enter, from one aide, SATCBiriHua attended, Tamoba, 
Dehotrius, Chiron, and Aabon ; from lite other, BAasusua^- 
Lavinia, oTid oihere. 

Sat, So, Bassianas, yon have play'd yonr prize : 
God give yon Joy, sir, of yonr gallant bride ! 

Bas. And yon of years, my lord ! I say no more. 
Nor wish no less ; and so, I take my leave. 

Sat. Traitor, if Borne have law, or we have power, 
Thoa and thy faction shall repent this rape. 

Bat. Bape, call yon it, my lord, to seize my ovnir 
My trae-betrothM love, and now my wife ? 
Bat let the laws of Bome determine all ; 
Meanwhile I am possesa'd of that is mine. 


ran I.] TITD8 ANDBONICim. 

Sat. 'Tia good, sir : yon are very short with na ; 
Bot, if we live, wa'll he m sharp with you. 

Bat. My lord, what I hare done, as beet I may 
Answer I moat, and shall do with my life. 
Only thas mnch I gire your grace to know, — 
By all the dnties that I owe to Borne, 
This noble gentleman, Lord Titns here. 
Is in opinion and in honoor wrong'd ; 
That, iu the rescue of Lavinia, 
With his own hand did slay his yonngest son. 
In seal to yon, and highly mov'd to wrath 
To be controll'd in that be frankly gave : 
BeceiTe him, then, to fsToar, Satnmine, 
That hath exprese'd himself in all his deeds 
A father and a friend to thee and Borne. 

Tit. Prince Bassianna, leave to plead my deeds : 
'Tis thoa and those that have diahononr'd me. 
Rome and the righteoas heavens be my judge. 
How I have lov'd and bononr'd Saturnine ! 

Tarn. My worthy lord, if ever Tamora 
Were graoionB in those prinoely eyes of thine, 
Then hear me speak indifferently for all ; 
And at my Bait, sweet, pardon what is past. 

Sat. What, madam ! be dishonoor'd openly. 
And basely pat it ap withoat revenge ? 

Tarn. Not so, my lord ; the goda of Borne forfend 
I shonld be aathor"^ to diahononr yon ! 
Bat on mine honour dare I undertake 
For good Lord Titus' innocence in all ; 
Whose fdry not dissembled spe^s his griefs : 
Then, at my suit, look graciously on him ; 
Ijose not so noble a friend on vain sappoae, 
Nor with sour looks afflict his gentle heart. — 
[Atide to Sat."] My lord, be ml'd by me, be won at last; 
Dissemble all yoor griefs and discontents : 
Yoa are bat newly planted in your throne ; 
Lest, then, the people, and patricians too. 
Upon a just survey, take Titus' port. 
And BO sapplant yoa for ingratitade, — 
Which Rome reputes to be a heinous sin, — 


3M TITtm ANDBONIOnS. [in I. 

Yield at entreats ; and then let me alone : 
I'll find a day to massacre them all. 
And raze their faction and their family. 
The cmel father and his traitoroas sons, 
To whom I ened for my dear son's life ; 
And make them know what 'tis to let a queen 
Eneel in the streets and beg for grace in vain. — 
Come, come, sweet emperor, — come, Andromcos, — 
Take np this good old man, and cheer the heart 
That dies in tempest of thy angry firown. 

Sat. Bise, Titas, rise ; my empress hath prerail'd. 

Tit. I thank yonr majesty, and her, my lord : 
These words, these looks, infase new life in me. 

Tam. Titas, I am incorporate in Bome, 
A Soman now adopted happily, 
And mnst advise tiie emperor for his good. 
This day all quarrels die, Andronicas ; — 
And let it be mine hononr, good my lord. 
That I have reconcil'd yonr Mends and yon. — 
For yoQ, Prince Basaianas, I haye pass'd 
My word and promise to the emperor, 
That you will be more mild and tractable. — 
And fear not, lords, — and yon, LsTinia ; — 
By my advice, all bambled on yoar knees. 
Yon shall ask pardon of his majesty. 

[^Marcus, Lavinia, and the sons of Titus ikneel. 

Luc. We do ; and vow to heaven, and to hie highness. 
That what we did was mildly as we might. 
Tendering our sister's honour and oar own. 

Marc. That, on mine hononr, here I do protest. 

Sat. Away, and talk not; tronble ns no more. 

Tam. Nay, nay, sweet emperor, we mnst all be friends : 
The tribune and his nephews kneel for grace ; 
I will not be denied : sweet heart, look back. 

Sat. Marons, for thy sake and thy brother's here, 
And at my lovely Tamora's entreats, 
I do remit these yonng men's heinons fanlte. 

{^Marcus and the others rut. 
Lavinia, thoagh yoa left me like a charl,*^" 
I foond a Mend ; and sore as death I swore 


<Msn t.] TITUS AND&OmCUS. M7 

I would not part a bachelor from the priest. 
Come, if the emperor's ooart can feast two brides, 
Yon are mj gneet, Lannia, and your friends. — 
Thislday shall be a love-day, Tamora. 

Tit. To-morrow, an it please yoar majesty 
To hnnt the panther and the bart with me. 
With horn and bound we'll give your grace boryour. 

Sat. Be it so, Titas, and giamercy too. 

[Flourigh. EzeuTit. 


BflBHB I. Rome. Before the palace. 

Aar, Now elimbeth Tamora Olympas' top, 
Safe ont of fortune's shot; and sits aloft. 
Secure of thnnder's crack or lightning-flash; 
Advanc'd above pale envy's threatening reach. 
As when the golden son salntes the mom, 
And, having gilt the ocean with bis beams, 
CTallops the zodiac in his glistering coach, 
And overloolcs the highest-peering biUB ; 
So Tamora : 

Upon her wit'**' doth earthly hononr wait. 
And virtue stoops and trembles at her frown. 
Then, Aaron, arm thy heart, and fit thy tbongbts, 
To moant aloft with thy imperial mistress. 
And mount her pitch,''^ whom thon in triompb long 
Hast prisoner held, fetter'd in amorous chains, 
And &ster bound to Aaron's charming eyes 
Than is Prometheus tied to Caucasus. 
Away with slavish weeds and servile thoughts ! 
I will be bright, and shine in pearl and gold. 
To wait upon this new-made empress. 
To wait, said I ? to wanton with this queen. 


399 TITUS AlfDHOMIOtrB. [loi □. 

This goddess, this SemiTamis, thiB sympfa, 
This Biles, that will charm Rome's Satormne, 
And aee hia shipwreck and his commonwe&l'B. — 
Holla ! what storm iB this ? 

£nter Dhhbtbiub and Cbibon, braving. 

Dem. Chiron, thy years want wit, thy wit wants edge. 
And mannerB, to intrude where I am grac'd ; 
And may, for anght thoa know'st, affected be. 

Cki. Dametritis, thou doat over-ween in all ; 
And BO in this, to bear me down with brares. 
'Tis not the difference of a year or two 
Make me less graoions, thee'*^ more fortanate : 
I am as able and as fit as thoa 
To serre, and to deserve my mistress' grace ; 
And that my Bword npon thee shall approve. 
And plead my passions for Laviaia's love.'**' 

Aar. [aside] Glabs, clubs ! these lovers will not keep Uie 

Dem, Why, boy, altiiongh oar mother, onadvis'd, 
Gave yoa a dancing-rapier by yonr side, 
Are yoQ eo desperate grown to threat yonr friends ? 
Go to ; have yonr lath gln'd within yonr sheath 
Till yon know better how to handle it. 

Cki. Meanwhile, sir, with the little skill I have. 
Fall well shalt thoa perceive how mnch I dare. 

Dem. Ay, boy, grow ye so brave ? [TAey draw. 

Aar. [coming forward] Why, how now, lords t 

So near the emperor's palace dare yoa draw. 
And maintain snch a qaarrel openly ? 
Fall well I wot the ground of ^ this gmdge : 
I wonld not for a million of gold 
The caase were known to them it moat concerns ; 
Nor woald yonr noble mother for mnch more 
Be BO dishonoar'd in the court of Rome. 
For shame, put ap. 

Dem. Not I, till I have Bheath'd 

My rapiet in his bosom, and withal 
Thrust these reproachful speeches down his throat 
That he hath breath'd in my dishonour here. 


scBtn t.] TITUS ANDBOHIcns. 39» 

Chi. For that I am prepar'd and fall resoWd, — 
Fool-spoken coward, that thnnder'st with thy tongae, 
And with thy weapon oothing dar'st perform. 

Aar. Away, I say! — 
Now, by the gods thai warlike Goths adore, 
This petty brabble will ondo ob all. — 
Why, lords, and think yoa not how dangerona 
It is to jet npon a prince's right? 
What, is Lavinia, then, become bo loose, 
Or Bassianas so degenerate. 
That for her loTe snch qaarrels may be broach'd 
Withont controlment, jnstiee, or revenge ? 
Young lords, beware !*an shonld the empress know 
This discord's ground, the nmsic would not please. 

Cki. I care not, I, knew she and all the world : 
I love Larinia more than all the world. 

Dem, Yonngling, learn thoa to make some meaner choice :' 
Iiannia is thine elder brother's hope. 

Aar, Why, are ye mad ? or know ye not, in Borne 
How fnrionB and impatient they be. 
And cannot brook competitors in love ? 
I tell yon, lords, yoa do bnt plot your deathB 
By this device. 

Chi. Aaron, a thonsand deaths 

Would I propose t' achieve her whom I love. 

Aar. T' achieve her ! — how? 

Dem. Why mak'st thou it so strange ? 

She is a woman, therefore may be woo'd; 
She is a woman, therefore may be won; 
Bhe is Lavinia, therefore mast be lov'd. 
What, man t more water glideth by the mill 
Than wots the miller of; and easy it is 
Of a oat loaf to steal a shive, we know : 
Though BaBsianuB be the emperor's brother. 
Better than he have worn Vulcan's badge.'^ 

Aar. [aside] Ay, and as good as SataminuB may. 

Dem. Then why shonld he despair that knows to court it 
With words, fair looks, and liberality? 
What, hast not thon full often stmok a doe, 
'And borne her cleanly by the keeper's nose ? 



Aar. Why, then, it Beems, flome certain siiatch or so 
Would serve yonr toriia. 

CAi. Ay, 80 ibe torn were serr'd. 

Dem. AoroQ, thon hast hit it. 

Aar. Would yon had hit it too 1 

Then shoold not we be tir'd with this ado. 
Why, hark ye, hark ye, — and i^re yon sneh fools 
To square for this ? would it offend yoa, then, 
That hoth should speed 7 

Chi. Faith,**" not me. 

T>vm. Xor me, so I were one. 

Aar. For shame, be firiende, and join for that you jar : 
'Tie policy and stratagem mnst do 
That yon affect ; and so mast yon resolre. 
That what yon cannot as yon would achieve. 
Yon mast perforce accomplish as yon may. 
Take this of me, — Locrece was not more chaste 
Than this Lavinia, BaBsianns' love. 
A speedier coarse than Ungering langoishmeitt 
Mnst ye pnrBne,'*^ and I have fbnnd the path. 
My lords, a solemn buntings is in hand ; 
There will the lovely Boman ladies troop : 
The forest-walks are wide and spacions ; 
And many nnfreqnented plots there are 
Fitted by kind for rape and villany: 
Sihgle yon thither, then, this dainty doe, 
And strike her home by force, if not by words : 
This way, or not at all, stand yon in hope. 
Gome, come, onr empress, with her sacred wit 
To villany and vengeance consecrate. 
Will we acqnaint with all that we intend ; 
And she shall file onr engines with advice, 
That will not suffer yon to sqaare yonrselves. 
But to yonr wishes' height advance yon both. 
The emperor's court is like the honse of Fame, 
The palace fnll of tongues, of eyes, and ears : 
The woods are ruthless, dreadful, deaf, and dull ; 
There speak, and strike, brave boys, and take your turns ; 
There serve your lust, shodow'd f^m heaven's eye. 
And revel in Lavinia's treasury. 



Chi. Thy coansel, lad, Bmells of no cowardice. 

Dem. Sit/as aiU nefas, till I find the stream 
To eool this heat, a charm to calm these fits. 
Per St^ga, per manes vehor. lExtunt. 

SoBHE n. A forest near Rome. Somt and cry of hounds 

Eater Titos AmiBOHiocs, leilh Huntets, &e., Marcus, Lirciua, 
QtriNTUs, and Marticb. 

. Tit. The hant is ap, the mom is bright and gray,*^' 
The fields are fragrant, and the woods are green : 
Uncouple here, and let ns make a bay. 
And wahe the emperor and hie lovely bride, 
And ronae the prince, and ring a hunter's peal, 
That aU the court may echo with the noise. 
Sons, let it be yonr charge, as it is onrs, 
T' attend the emperor's person carefnlly : 
Z have been tronbled in my sleep this night. 
Bat dawning day new comfort hath inspir'd. 

Hon\B wind a peal. Enter Saidbkikos, Tahora, Eabsianus, 
Lavikia, DflMiriRios, CnmoK, and Attendants 
Many good morrows to yonr majesty; — 
Madam, to yon as many and as good: — 
I proiiuBed yonr grace a hnnter'a peal. 

Sat. And yon have rnng it Inatily, my lord ;'^' 
Somewhat too early for new-matried ladies. 

Bos. Lavinia, how say yon ? 

Lav. I say, no ; 

I hare been broad awake two hoars and more. 

Sat. Come on, then ; horse and chariots let ns have. 
And to oar sport. — [To Tamora] Madam, now shall ye see 
Oar Soman hnnting. 

Mare. I have dogs, my lord. 

Will ronee the prondest panther in the chase. 
And climb the highest promontory top. 



Tit. And I have horse will follow where the game 
Makes way, and nm like swallows o'er the plain. 

Dem. Chiron, we hunt Dot, we, with horse nor hoond, 
Bnt hope to plnck a dainty doe to groand. [EJxfvnt. 

Scene HI. A lonely part of tiu forest. 
Enter Aabon, with a hag of gold. 
Aar. He that had wit would think that I had none. 
To bnry so mnch gold nnder a tree, 
And never after to inherit it. 
Let him that thinks of me bo abjectly 
Enow that this gold mnst coin a stratagem. 
Which, cunningly efTectod, will b^et 
A very excellent piece of yillany: 

And 80 repose, sweet gold, for their nnrest [Hides tke gold. 
That have their alma oat of the empress' chest. 

Enter Tauoba. 
Tarn. My lovely Aaron, wherefore look'st thon sad, 
"When every thing doth make a gleefnl boast ? 
The birds chant melody on every bash ; 
The snake lies rolled'*" in the cheerful snn ; 
The green leaves qaiver with the cooling wind. 
And make a cheqner'd shadow on the ground : 
Under their sweet shade, Asron, let as sit. 
And, whilst the babbling echo mocks the hoonds, 
Beplying shrilly to the well-tan'd horns. 
As if a donble hunt were heard at once. 
Let as sit down and mark their yelping noise ; 
And — after conflict snch as was snppos'd 
The wandering prince and Dido once enjoy'd, 
"When with a happy storm they were surpris'd, 
And cartain'd with a coansel-keeping cave — 
We may, each wreathM in the other's arms, 
Oar pastimes done, possess a golden slamber; 
Whiles honnds and horns and sweet melodioas birds 
Be onto as as is a nnrse's song 


(ozm m.] TITTTB AKDHONICtlS. 808 

Of lullaby to bring her babe asleep. 

AaT. Madam, though VeniiB goTem your desires, 
Satnm is dominator ovet mine : 
What eignifies my deadly-standing eye, 
My silence and my clondy melancholy. 
My fleece of woolly hair that now nncurls 
Eves as an adder when she doth nnroll 
To do some fatal execatioo ? 
No, madam, these are no yenereal signs : 
Yeugeanoe is in my heart, death in my hand, 
Blood and revenge are hammering in my head. 
Hark, Tamora, — the empress of my soul. 
Which never hopes more heaven than rests in thee, — 
This is the day of doom for BaBsianns : 
His Philomel must lose hei tongae to-day ; 
Thy BODS make pillage of her chastity. 
And wash their hands in Bassianns' blood. 
Seest thoQ this letter? take it np, I pray thee. 
And give the king this fatal-plotted scroll. — 
Now question me no more, — we are espied; 
Here comes a parcel of oar hopeful booty, 
Wliich dreads not yet their lives' destmction. 

Tarn. Ah, my sweet Moor, sweeter to me than life ! 

Aar. No mqte, great empress, — ^Bassianns comes : 
Be cross with him; and I'll go fetch thy sons 
To back thy quarrels, whatsoe'er they be. [Exit. 

Enter BASSlAMira and Latima. 

Bat. Who have we here ? Bome's royal empress, 
Unfiimish'd of her well- beseeming troop ? 
Or is it Dian, habited like her. 
Who hath abandonM her holy groves 
To see the general hunting in this forest? 

Tam. Sancy controller of our private steps ! 
Had I the power that some say Dian had. 
Thy temples should be planted presently 
With horns, as was Actieon's ; and the hounds 
Should drive upon thy new-transformed limbs,'*" 
CnmaDnerly intruder as thou art ! 

Lav. Under yonr patience, gentle empress, 



'Tis thought 7011 have & goodly gift in homing ; 
And to be doubted that joxa Moor and 70a 
Are singled forth to try experiments : 
JoTO shield yoor hasband Irom his honnds to-day t 
'Tis pity they should take him for a st^. 

Bat, BelieTe me, qneen, yonr svarth Cimmerian 
Doth make yoar honour of hia body's hue, 
Spotted, detested, and abominable. 
"Why are yon seqaester'd from all yoor trua, 
DismooDted from your snow-white goodly steed, 
And wander'd hither to an 6bsciire plot. 
Accompanied bat with a barbarons Moor, 
If foal desire had not conducted you? 

Lav. And, being intercepted in year sport, 
Great reason that my noble lord be rated 
For saucinesB. — I pray yon, let us hence, 
And let her joy hot raven-colour'd love ; 
This valley fits the purpose passing well. 

Bos. The king my brother shdl have note'^ of this. 

Lav. Ay, for these slips have made him noted long : 
Good king, to be bo mightily abns'd ! 

Tarn. Why have I'"' patience to eudnre all this ? 

Enter Dembibiitb and Chibok. ^ 
Dem. How now, dear sovereign and onr graciona mo- 
Why doth yonr highness look so pale and wan ? , 

Tarn. Have I not reason, think you, to look pale ? 
These two have tic'd me hither to this place : — 
A barren'*" detested vale yon see it is ; 
The trees, though summer, yet forlorn and lean, 
O'ercome with moss and baleful mistletoe : 
Here never Hhines the sun ; here nothing breeds. 
Unless the nightly owl or fatal raven : — 
And when they show'd me this abhorr^ pit. 
They told me, here, at dead time of the night, 
A tlioasand fiends, a thousand hissing snakes. 
Ten thousand swelling toads, as many archins, 
Would make such fearful and confdsM cries, 
As any mortal body hearing it 



Should Btraigfat fall mad, or else did Buddenly. 

No sooner had the; told this hellibh tale, 

Bat straight they told me they would bind me here 

Unto the body of a dismal yew. 

And leare me to this miserable death : 

And then they call'd me foul adalteress, 

LasciTtons Goth, and all the bitterest terms 

That ever ear did hear to sach efTect: 

And, had yon not by wondrons fortune come, 

This vengeance on me had they executed. 

Revenge it, as yon love your mother's life. 

Or be not'^*' henceforth call'd my children. 

Dem. This is a witness that I am thy son. 

[Stabs Bassiaiitis. 

Chi. And this for me, etrnck home to show my strength. 
[Also stabs Bassianus, who dies. 

Lav. Ay, come, Semiramis, — nay, barbarous Tamora, 
For no name £ts thy nature but thy own ! 

Tarn. Give me thy**" poniard; — ^you shall know, my boys, 
Yoat mother's hand shall right your mother's wrong. 

Dem. Stay, madam ; here is more belongs to her; 
First thrash the com, then after bum the straw : 
This minion stood upon her chastity. 
Upon her nuptial vow, her loyalty, 

And with that painted hope she braves your mightiness :*'*' 
And shall she carry this unto her grave ? 

Chi. An if she do, I wonld I were an ennnoh. 
Drag hence her hasband to some secret hole. 
And make his dead tmnk pillow to onr lust. 

Tarn. But when ye have the honey ye desire. 
Let not this wasp outlive ye, both to sting.'^' 

Chi. I warrant yon, madam, we wiU make that sore. — 
Come, mistress, now perforce we will enjoy 
lliat nice- preserve honesty of years. 

Lav. O Tamora t thon bear'st a woman's face, — 

Tarn. I will not hear her speak ; away with her t 
Lav. Sweet lords, entreat ber hear me bat a word. 

Dem. Listen, &ir madam: let it be your glory 
To Bee her tears ; but be your heart to them 
As anrelenting flint to drops of rain. 

VOL. Yl. X 


306 TITUS AKDBOHICDB. [xcr n. 

Lav. When did the tiger's young ones teach the dam ? 
0, do not leuB her wrath, — she taught it thee ; 
The milk thon anck'dst from her did torn to marble ; 
Eren at thy teat thoa hadst thy tyranny. — 
Yet ereiy mother breeds not sons alike : 
[To Ckirofi] Do thou entreat her ehow a woman pity. 

Chi. What, wouldst thon have me prove myself a bas- 

Lav. 'Tis true,— the raven doth not hatch a lark:'™ 
Yet have I heard, — 0, could I find it now! — 
The lion, mov'd with pity, did endnre 
To have his princely paws*" par'd all away : 
Some say that ravens fester forlorn children, 
The whilst their own birds famish in their nests': 
0, bo to me, though thy hard heart oay no, 
Nothing so kind, but something pitiful 1 

Tarn, I know not what it means. — Away with her! 

Lav. 0, let me teach thee I for my father's sake. 
That gave thee life, when well he might have slain thee. 
Be not obdurate, open thy deaf ears. 

Tarn. Hadst thon in person ne'er offended me. 
Even for his sake am I pitiless.—"" 
Bemember, boys, I ponr'd forth tears in vain 
To save your brother from the sacriBce ; 
Bnt fierce Andronicus would not relent: 
Therefore, away with her, use'**' her as yon will ; 
The worse to her, the better lov'd of me. 

Lav. Tamoia, be call'd a gentle queen. 
And with thine own hands kill me in this place ! 
For 'tis not life that I have begg'd so long ; 
Poor I was slain when Bassianus died. 

Tam. What begg'st thou, then ? fond woman, let me go. 

Lav. 'Tis present death I beg ; and one thing more 
That womanhood denies my tongue to tell : 
0, keep me from their worse than killing last, 
And tumble me into some loathsome pit. 
Where never man's eye may behold my body: 
Do this, and be a charitable murderer. 

Tam. So should I rob my sweet sons of their fee: 
No, let them satisfy their lust on thee. 



Dem. Away ! for tboa hast stay'd aa here too long. 
Lav.- No grace ? no womanliood ? Ah, beastly creatnre ! 
The blot and enemy to oar general name ! 
Confofiion fall — 

Chi. Nay, then I'll stop your moatb. — Bring thou her 
hnsband : 
This i8 the hole where Aaron bid ns bide bim. 

[Demetrius tkrowa the body of Bassianua into the 
pit; then exeunt Demeh-ing and Chiron, drag- 
ging off Lavinia. 
Tarn. Farewell, my sons : see that you make ber snre : — 
Ne'er let my heart know merry cheer indeed 
Till all th' Andronici he made away. 
Now will I hence to Beak my loTely Moor, 
And let my BpleenM sons this trull deflour. {Exit. 

Re-enter Aaron, with Qointhb atid Maetius. 

Aar. Gome on, my lords, the better foot before : 
Straight will I bring yon to the loathsome pit 
Where I espied the panther fast asleep. 

Quin. My sight is very dnil, whate'er it bodes. 

Mart. And mine, I promise yoa ; wete't not for shame, 
Well coald I leave onr sport to sleep awhile. 

[Falls into tJiepit. 

Quin. What, art tboa fall'n? — Vfhai. subtle hole is this. 
Whose month is cover'd with rnde-growing briers. 
Upon whose leaves are drops of new-shed blood 
As &esfa as morning dew distill'd on flowers 9 
A very fatal place it seems to me. — 
Speak, brother, bast tbon hart thee with the fall ? 

Mart. brother, with the dismall'st object hurt 
That ever eye with sight made heart lament ! 

Aar. [aside} Now will I fetch the king to find tbem here. 
That be thereby may give^'^' a likely guess 
How these were they that made away bis brother. [Exit. 

Mart. Why dost not comfort me, and help me oat 
From this anhallow'd and blood-stained bole ? 

Quin. I am sarprisM with an nacoath fear; 
A chilling sweat o'er-rans my trembling joints ; 
My heart sospects more than mine eye can see. 



Mart. To prore thou bast a tme-diTining heart, 
Aaron and thoa look down into this den. 
And Bee a fearfol sight of blood and death. 

Quin. Aaron is gone ; and my compassionate heart 
Will not permit mine eyen once to behold 
The thing whereat it trembles by snrmise : 
0, tell me how it is ; for ne'er till now 
Was I a chUd to fear I know not what. 

Mart, hori BassianiiB lies embrew&d here, 
All on a heap, like to a slanghter'd lamb. 
In this detested, dark, blood-drinking pit. 

Quin. If it be dark, how dost then know 'tis he? 

Mart. Upon his bloody finger he doth wear 
A precioas ring, that lightens all the hole. 
Which, like a taper in some monnment, 
Doth shine upon the dead man's earthy cheeks. 
And shows the ragged entrails of the pit : 
So pale did shine the moon on P^ramas 
When he by night lay bath'd in maiden blood. 

brother, help me with thy fainting band — 
If fear hath made thee faint, as me it bath — 
Oct of this fell-deTonring receptacle. 

As hateful as Cocytns' misty month. 

Qiiin. Beach me thy hand, that I may help thee oat ; 
Or, wanting strength to do thee so mnch good, 

1 may be plnck'd into the swallowing womb 
Of this deep pit, poor Baesianns' grave. 

I have no strength to pinck thee to the brink. 

Mart. Kor I no strength to climb without thy help. 

Quin. Thy hand once more ; 1 will not loose again, 
Till thoa art here aloft, or I below: 
Thoa canst not come to roe, — I come to thee, IFallt in 

Enter Satubhinus teith Aaboh. 

Sat. Along with me : I'U see what hole is here. 
And what he is that now is leap'd into it. — 
Say, who art thoa that lately didst descend 
Into this gaping hollow of the earth ? 

Mart. Th' anhappy eon of old Andronicns ; 
Brongbt hither in a most anlncky hoar, 



To find thy brother BaBsiaonB dead. 

Sat. My brother dead ! I know thon doat bat jest : 
He fttid his lady both are at the lodge 
UpoD the north side of this pleasaot chase ; 
'Tis not an hoar since I left him there. 

Mart. We know not where yoa left him sU oliTO ; 
Bat, out, alas 1 here have we fonnd him dead. 

Se-enter Tamora, icith Attendants ; 7itub Andboniccb, and 

Tarn. Where is my lord the king ? 

Sat. Here, Tamora ; though griev'd with killing grief.*"' 

Tam. Where is thy brother Bassianas ? 

Sat. Now to the bottom doat thou searoh my wonnd: 
Poor Bassianae here lies mnrderM. 

Tam. Then all too late I bring this fatal writ, 

[Gii-ing a letter to Sat. 
The complot of this timeless tragedy; 
And wonder greatly that man's face can fold 
In pleasing smiles such mnrderons tyranny. 

Sat, [reads] " An if we misa to meet him handsomely, — 
Sweet huntsman, Baesiatiiia 'tia we mean, — 
I>o thon BO much aa dig the grave for him : 
Thou knoVst onr meaning. Look for thy reward 
Among the nettleg at the elder-tree 
Which oTenhadeB the month of that same pit 
Where we decreed to bury BassiaiiDB. 
Do this, and purchase ua ^y lasting friends." — 
O Tamora I was ever heard the like ? — 
This is the pit, and this the elder-tree. — 
Look, sirs, if yon can find the huntsman oat 
That shonld hare morder'd Bassianna here. 

Aar, My gracioaa lord, here is the bag of gold. 

[^Showing it. 

Sat. [to Titut] Two of thy whelps, fell curs of bhK)dy 
Have here bereft my brother of his life. — 
Sirs, drag them from the pit nuto the prison : 
There let them bide antil we have devis'd 
Some neTer-heard-of tortoring pain for then). 



Tarn. What, are they in this pit ? O wondions thing ! 
How easily murder is discoTered t 

Tit. High emperor, npon my feeble knee 
I beg this boon, -with tears not lightly shed, 
That this fell fault of my accursed sona, — 
AccuTfiM, if the faalt he prov'd in them,— 

Sat. If it be prov'd ! you see it is apparent. — 
Who fonnd this letter ? Tamora, was it yon? 

Tarn. Andronicns himself did take it up. 

Tit. I did, my lord : yet let me be their bail ; 
For, by my father's reverent tomb, I vow 
They shall be ready at your highneBs' will 
To answer their'**' suspicion with their lives. 

Sat. Thoa shalt not bail them : see thoa follow me. — 
Some bring the murder'd body, some the murderers : 
Let them not speak a word, — the"" guilt is plain ; 
For, by my sou!, were there worse end than death. 
That end upon them shoold be executed. 

Tarn. AndroniouB, I will entreat the king : 
Fear not thy sons ; they shall do well enongh. 

Tit. Gome, Lucius, come ; stay not to talk with them. 

[Exeunt Satuminua, Tamora, Aaron, attd Attend- 
ants, with Quintus, Martius, and the body 0/ 
Basaiamta; then Andronicua and Lucius. 

ScEMB IV. Another part of the forest. 

Enter Demetrius and Chibon, teilh Lavinia, ramsltad; her haiuf^ 
cut off, and her tongue cut out, 

Dem. So, now go tell, an if thy tongue can speak. 
Who 'twas that cut thy tongue and ravish'd thee.***' 

Chi. Write down thy mind, bewray thy meaning so. 
An if thy stumps will let thee play the scribe. 

Dent. See, how with signs and tokens she can Bcrowl.'^'°* 

Chi. Go home, call for eweet water, wash thy hands. 

Dem. She hath no tongue to call, nor hands to wash ; 
And BO let's leave hei to her silent walks. 

Chi. An 'twere my case,'*" I should go hang myself. 



Dem. If thoQ badat hands to help thee knit the cord. 

[Exeant Demetrius and Chii-on. 

Enter MAUcns. 
Mar. Who's this, — my niece, — that flies away so fast? — 
Cousin, a word; where is jour hasband? — '*" 
If I do dream, would all my wealth would wake mc ! 
If I do wake, some planet strike me down, 
That I may elamber in eternal sleep ! — 
Speak, gentle niece, — what stem ungentle hands 
Have lopp'd and faew'd and made thy body bare 
Of her two branches, — those sweet omameutB, 
Whose circling shadows kings have sought to sleep in. 
And might not gain bo great a happiness 
Aa have thy love?*"' Why dost not speak to me? — 
Alas, a crimson river of warm blood. 
Like to a babbling fountain stirr'd with wind, 
Doth rise and &U between thy ros&d lips. 
Coming and going with thy honey breath. 
Bnt, sure, some Tereus hath defloured thee. 
And, lest thou shooldst detect him,'*'' cut thy tongue. 
Ah, now thon tnm'st away thy face for shame ! 
And, notwithstanding all this loss of blood, — 
As from a conduit with three*^ issuing spouts, — 
Yet do tby cheeks look red as Titan's face 
Blushing to be encouuter'd with a cloud. 
Shall I speak for thee ? shall I say 'tis so ? 
that I knew thy heart !'^ and knew the beast, 
That I might rail at him, to ease my mind ! 
Sorrow concealed, like an oven stopp'd, 
Doth bam the heart to cinders where it is. 
Fait Philomela, she bat lost her tongue, 
And in a tedious sampler sew'd her mind : 
But, lovely niece, that mean is cut from thee ; 
A craftier Tereus, cousin, hast thou met. 
And he hath cat those pret^ fingers off. 
That could have better sew'd than Philomel. 
0, had the monster seen those lily hands 
Tremble, like aspen-leaves, opon a lute. 
And make the silken strings delight to kiss them. 



He would not, then, bare tondi'd them for his life ! 

Or, had he heard the heavenly harmon; 

Which that sweet tongue hath made,'*" 

He would haTe dropp'd his knife, and fell asleep 

Ae Cerberas at the Thracian poet's feet. 

Come, let ns go, and make thy father blind ; 

For snch a sight will blind a father's eye : 

One boat's storm will drown the fragrant meads ; 

What will whole months of tears thy father's eyes ? 

Do not draw back, for we will moam with thee : 

conld onr monming ease thy misery I [^Exeunt. 

Scene I. Rome. A ttreet. 

Enter Senators, Tribnues, and Officers of Justice, with Martius and 
QnwTDS, botind, pamng on to the place of exeeution ; Titos 
going before, pleading. 

Tit. Hear me, grave fethers ! noble tribanes, stay ! 
For pity of mine age, whose yontb was spent 
In dangeroas wars, whilst yoo secnrely slept; 
For all my blood in Bome's great qnarrel shed ; 
For all the frosty nights that I have watch'd ; 
And for these bitter tears, which now yon see 
Filling the ag^d wrinkles in my cheeks ; 
Se pitiful to my condemned sons. 
Whose Bonis are not corrnpted as 'tis thought. 
For two-and-twenty sons I never wept, 
Secanse they died in honour's lo&y bed. 
For these, these, tribanes, in the dnst I write 

[Throwing kimBelfon the ground. 
My heart's deep languor and my soul's sad tears : 
Let my tears stanch the earth's dry appetite ;*"' 
My sons' sweet blood will make it shame and blush. 

{Exeunt Senators, Ti-ibunes, Ac. with the PrUoners. 



O earth, I will be&ieod thee more with raia, 
That shall distil from these two ancient urDB,'°°' 
Than youthful April shall with all his showers : 
In Bmnmer's drought I'll drop apon thee still ; 
In winter with warm tears Til melt the snow. 
And keep eternal spring-time on thy face. 
So thoa refuse to drink my dear sons' blood. 

Enter LcoiUB, vnlk kti sword drawn. 
O rererend tribones t gentle,*"' ag^d men I 
Unbind my sons, reTerse the doom of death ; 
And let me say, that never wept before. 
My tears are now prevailiDg orators. 

Iak. noble father, yon lament in Taiu : 
The tribunes hear yon not ; no man is by ; 
And yon recount year sorrows to a stone. 

Tit. Ah, Lucius, for thy brothers let me plead. — 
Grave tribones, once more X entreat of yoa, — 

Iiuc. My gracious lord, no tribune hears yoa speak. 

Tit. Why, 'tis no matter, man : if they did hear. 
They would not mark me ; or if they did mark. 
They would not pit^ me. Yet plead I must : 
And booUesB unto them since I complain. 
Therefore I tell my sorrows to the stones f" 
"Who, though they cannot answer my distress. 
Yet in some sort they're better than the tribunes. 
For that they will not intercept my tale : 
When I do weep, they hnmbly at my feet 
Receive my tears, and seem to weep with me ; 
And, were they but attired in grave weeds, 
Bome could afford no tribune like to these. 
A stone is soft as wax, — tribunes more hard than stones ; 
A stone is silent, and offendeth not, — 

And tribones with their tongues doom men to death. — [Rtiea. 
Bat wherefore stand'st thoo with thy weapon drawn ? 

Imc. To rescue my two brothers from their death ; 
For which attempt the judges have pronoonc'd 
My everlasting doom of banishment. 

Tit. happy man I they have befriended thee. 
Why, foolish Lucius, dost Uion not perceive 



That Borne is bat a wildemeaa of tigers 9 
Tigers moBt prey ; and Borne affordB no prey 
Bnt me and mine : how happy art thon, then. 
From these deTonrers to be baniebM ! — 
Bat who comes with ooi brother Manms bete? 

Enter Marcus and Lavinia. 

Marc. TitUB, prepare thy agM eyes to weep ; 
Or, if not so, thy noble heart to break : 
I bring consuming sorrow to thine age. 

Tit. Will it consume me 7 let me see it, then. 

Marc. This was thy daughter. 

Tit. "Why, Marcas, bo she : 

Zatc. Ay me, this object kills me ! 

Tit. Faint-hearted boy, arise, and look apon her. — 
Speak, my'^" Lavinia, what accarsed hand 
Hath made thee handless in thy father's sight ? 
What fool hath added water to the sea. 
Or bronght a fagot to bright -bnming Troy? 
My grief was at the height before thou cam'st ; 
And now, like Nilse, it disdaineth bounds. — 
Give me a sword, I'll chop off my hands too ; 
For they have fought for Bome, and all in vain ; 
And they have nnrs'd this woe, in feeding life ; 
In bootless prayer have they been held op. 
And they have serv'd me to effectless use : 
Now all the service I require of them 
Is, that the one will help to cut the other. — 
'Tis well, Lavinia, that thou hast no hands ; 
For hands, to do Bome service, are bat vain. 

Luc. Speak, gentle sister, who hath martyr'd thee ? 

Marc. 0, that delightfal engine of her thoughts. 
That blabb'd them with such pleasing eloquence, 
Is torn from forth that pretty hollow cage, 
Where, like a Bweet melodins bird, it snng 
Sweet-varied notes,*"' enchanting every ear J 

Luc. 0, say thon for her, who hath done this deed? 

Marc. 0, thus I found her, straying in the park. 
Seeking to hide herself, as doth the deer 
That bath receiv'd some unrecuring woand. 



Tit. It was 1117 deer ; and he that wounded her 
Hath hart me mote than had he kiU'd me dead : 
For now I stand as one npon a rock, 
Environ'd with a wilderness of sea ; 
Who marks the waxing tide grow wave by wave, 
Expecting ever when Bome enviona snrge 
Will in his brinish bowels swallow him. 
This way to death my wretched sons are gone ; 
Here stands my other son, a banish 'd man ; 
And here my brother, weeping at my woes : 
Bnt that which gives my sonl the greatest spnm, 
Is dear Larinia, dearer than my soul. — 
Had I bnt seen thy picture in this plight, 
It woald have madded me : what shall I do 
Now I behold thy lively body so ? 
Thon hast no hands to wipe away thy tears ; 
Nor tongne to tell me who hath marl^'d thee : 
Thy hasband he is dead ; and for his death 
Thy brothers are condemn'd, and dead by this. — 
Look, Marcas 1 ah, son Lncias, look on her ! 
When I did name her brothers, then fresh tears 
Stood on her cheeks, as doth the honey-dew 
Upon a gather'd lily almost wither'd. 

Marc, Perchance she weeps because they kill'd her hus- 
Perchance because she knows them innocent. 

Tit. If they did kill thy husband, then be joyful, 
Because the law hath ta'en revenge on them. — 
No, no, they would not do so foul a deed ; 
Witness the sorrow that their sister makes. — 
Gentle Lavinia, let me kiss thy Upa ; 
Or make some sign how I may do thee ease: 
Shall thy good ancle, and thy brother Lucius, 
And thou, and I, sit round about some foantain. 
Looking all downwards, to behold our cheeks 
How they are stain'd, as^" meadows, yet not dry. 
With miry slime left on them by a flood ? 
And in the fountain shall we gaze so long 
Till the fresh taste be taken from that clearness. 
And made a biine-pit vrith our bitter tears? 



Of ahall we cat away onr hands, like thine? 

Or Bhall we bite oar tongnes, and in damb-ahows 

PasH the remainder of onr batefal dajs ? 

What shall we do ? let oa, that have onr tonj^ea. 

Plot some device of farther misery, 

To make as wonder'd at in time to come. 

Luc. Sweet fitther, cease joai tears ; for, at your grief, 
See how my wretched sister sobs and weeps. 

Marc. Patience, deai niece. — Good Titas, dry thine eyes. 

Tit. Ah, Marcna, Maicas ! brother, well I wot 
Thy napkin cannot drink a tear of mine. 
For then, poor man, haat drown'd it with thine own. 

Imc. Ah, my Lavinia, I will wipe thy cheeks. 

Tit. Mark, Marcns, mark ! I onderstand her signs : 
Had she a tongae to speak, now would she say 
That to her brother which I said to thee : 
His napkin, with bis"*' trae tears all bewet. 
Can do no serrice on her sorrowfal cheeks. 
0, what a sympathy of woe is thifi, — 
As fiur from help as Limbo is from bliss ! 

Enter Aaron. 

Aar. Titus Andronicas, my lord the emperor 
Sends thee this word, — that, if thoa love thy sons. 
Let Marcns, Lacins, ot thyself, old Titas, 
Or any one of yon, chop off yonr hand. 
And send it to the king : he for the same 
Will send tbee hither both thy sons alive ; 
And that shall be tbe ransom for their faalt. 

Tit. gracioas emperor ! gentle Aaron ! 
Did ever raven sing so tike a lark, 
That gives sweet tidings of the san's nprise ? 
With all my heart, I'll send the emperor 
My hand :'"' 
Good Aaron, wilt thon help to chop it off? 

hoc. Stay, father ! for that noble band of thine, 
That hath thrown down so many enemies, 
Shall not be sent : my hand will serve the torn : 
My yonth can better spare my blood than yoa : 
And therefore nine shall save my brothers' lives. 



Marc. Which of yonr hftnds hath not defended Borne, 
And rear'd aloft the bloody battie-sse, 
Writing destrnction on the flnemy's oastle ?'^ 
0, none of both bat are of high deBert : 
My hand hath been but idle ; let it serve 
To ransom my two nephews irom their death ; 
Then have I kept it to a worthy end. 

Aar. Nay, come, agree whose hand shall go along, 
For feat they die before their pardon come. 

Marc. My hand shall go. 

Imc. By heaven, it shall not go ! 

Tit. Sirs, strive no more : snch wither'd herbs as these 
Are meet for plnckiug np, and tberefore mine. 

Imc. Sweet fathe'r, if I shall be thought thy son, 
Ijct me redeem my brothers both from death. 

Marc. And, for onr father's sake and mother's care, 
Kow let me show a brother's love to thee. 

Tit, Agree between yon ; Twill spare my hand. 

Luc. Then 1*11 go fetch an axe. 

Marc. But I will nse the axe.'^^' 

l^Ezeunt I/uciue and Marcus, 

Tit. Come hither, Aaron ; I'll deceive them both : 
Lend me thy hand, and I will give thee mine. 

Aar. [aside"] If that be call'd deceit, I will be honest. 
And never, whilst I live, deceive men so : 
Bat I'll deceive yon in another sort. 
And that you'll say, ere half an hour pass. 

[Cute off Tiixx'i h/md. 

lU-eniar Lrcins and Mabohis. 

Tit. 'Sow stay your strife : what shall be is dispatch'd. — 
Good Aaron, give his majesty my hand : 
Tell him it was a band that warded him 
From thoaaand dangers; bid him bniy it; 
More hath it merited, — that let it have. 
As for my sons, say I account of them 
As jewels parchas'd at an easy price ; 
And yet dear too, because I bought mine own. 

Aar. I go, Andronicas : and for thy hand 
Look by and by to have thy sons with thee : — 


^18 TITUS AKDBONICDS. [act m. 

lAtide] Their hetOa, I mean. O, how this TiUany 

Doth fat me with the -tbtj tho^bta of it ! 

Let fools do good, and fair men call for grace, 

Aaron -will have his sonl black like his t&ce. lExit. 

Tit. 0, here I lift this one hand up to heaven, 
And bow this feeble rnin to the earth : 
If any power pities wretched te»8,"® 

To that I call !— [To Lav.'] What, wilt thoa kneel with me ? 
Do, then, dear heart; for heaven shall hear onr piayere; 
Or with oar sighs we'll breathe the welkin dim. 
And stain the son with fog, as sometime clouds 
When they do hug him in their malting bosoms. 

Mare. brother, speak with possibility. 
And do not break into these deep extremes. 

Tit. Are not my sorrows deep, having no bottom ? 
Then be my passions bottomless with them."*' 

Marc. Bnt yet let reason govern thy lament. 

Tit. If there were reason for these miseries. 
Then into limits coald I bind my woes : 
■When heaven doth weep, doth not the earth o'erflow? 
If the winds rage, doth not the sea wax mad. 
Threatening the welkin with his big-swoln face ? 
And wilt tboa have a reason for this coil ? 
I am the sea ; hark, how her sighs do blow !**" 
She is the weeping welkin, I the earth : 
Then must my sea be moved with her sighs ; 
Then must my earth with ber continnal tears 
Become a delnge, overflow'd and drown'd : 
For why my bowels cannot hide her woes, 
Bnt like a drnnkatd must I vomit them. 
Then give me leave ; for losers will have leave 
To ease their stomachs with their bitter tongues. 

Enter a Meesenger, uith ttco heads and a hand. 
Mess. Worthy Andronicns, ill art thou repaid 
For that good band tbou sent'st the emperor. 
Here are the heads of thy two noble sons ; 
And here's thy hand, in scorn to thee sent back,— 
Thy griefs their sport, thy resolution mock'd ;"" 
That woe is me to think upon thy woes 


■cun I.} TITV8 ANDBONIODS. 810 

More than temembrance of 1117 father's death. [Exit. 

Marc. Now let hot Mtaa cool in Sicily, 
And he my heart an eTer-hnming hell ! 
These miseries are more than ma; be home. 
To weep with them that weep dotb ease some deal ; \ 
Bat sorrow flonted-at is donble death. / 

Luc. Ah, that this sight Bhonld make so deep a wonnd. 
And yet detested life not shrink thereat ! 
That ever death shonld let life bear his name, 
Where life hath no more interest but to breathe ! 

[Lavinia Jaeses Titus. 

Marc. Alas, poor heart, that kiss is comfortless 
As frozen water to a staved snake. 

Tit. "When will this fearful slnmber have sn end ? 

Marc. Now, farewell, flattery : die, Andronicns ; 
Thoa dost not slumber : see, thy two eons' heads. 
Thy warlike hand, thy mangled daughter here ; 
Thy other banish'd son, with this dear sight 
Struck pale and bloodless ; and thy brother, I, 
Even like a stony image, cold and namb. 
Ah, now no more will I control thy'"^' griefs : 
Bent off thy silver hair, thy other hand 
Onawiug with thy teeth ; and be this dismal sight 
The closing up of our meet wretched eyes : 
Now is a time to storm ; why art thou still ? 

Tit. Ha, ha, ha I 

Marc. Why dost thoa langh ? it fits not with this hour. 

Tit. Why, I have not another tear to shed : 
Besides, this sorrow is an enemy. 
And wonld nsnrp upon my watery eyes. 
And make them blind wiUi tributary tears : 
Then which way shall I find Rercnge's cave ? 
For these two heads do seem to speak to me. 
And threat me I shall never come to bliss 
Till all these mischiefe be retum'd again 
Even in their throats that have committed them. 
Gome, let me see what task I hare to do. — 
Yon heavy people, circle me about. 
That I may turn me to each one of yon. 
And swear unto my sonl to right your wrongs. — 


8S0 TITUB AHDB0HICU8. [ici in- 

The TOW is mode. — Come, brother, take a head ; 

And in tliiB hand the other will I bear. — 

Lavinia, thou shalt be employ'd in these things ; 

Bear thou my hand, sweet wench, between thy teeth."" — 

As for thee, boy, go get thee from my sight ; 

Thon art an exile, and thon mast not stay : 

Hie to the Gotha, and raise an army there : 

And, if yon love me, as I think yon do, 

Let's kiss and part, for we have mach to do. 

[Exeunt Titus, Marcu», and Laxinia, 
Imc. Farewell, Andronicns, my noble father, — 
The wofnll'st man that ever liT'd in Rome : 
Farewell, prond Borne; till Lncins come again. 
He leares^' his pledges dearer than his life : 
Farewell, Lavinia, my noble slater ; 
O, wonld thoQ wert as then tofore bast been ! 
But now nor Lncius nor Lavinia lives 
Bnt in oblivion and hatefbl griefs. 
If Lncins live, he will reqnite your wrongs ; 
And make proud Satamine and his empress*" 
Beg at the gates, like Tarqnin and his qaeen. 
Now will I to the Goths, and raise a power, 
To be reveng'd on Borne and Satamine. [Exit. 

SoBBB n. A room in Tixos's house. A bancpiet set out. 
Enter Titus, Marous, Laviku, and Younq Ldoids. 

Tit. So, so; now sit: and lookyoa eat no more 
Than will preserve just so much strength in as 
As will revenge these bitter woes of ours. 
Marcns, nnkuit that sorrow-wreathen knot : 
Thy niece and I, poor creatures, want our hands. 
And cannot passionate onr tenfold grief 
"With folded arms. This poor right hand of mine 
Is left to tyrannize npon my breast ; * 

And"*' when my heart, all mad with misery. 
Beats in this hollow prison of my flesh. 
Then thus I thump it down. — 



[To Lavinia] Thoa map of woe, that thas doat talk in s^s! 

When thy poor heart heats with ontrageoas beating,'*" 

ThoQ canst not strike it thns to make it still. 

Wound it with sighing, girl, kill it with groans ; 

Or get some little knife between thy teeth, 

And JQBt agamst thy heart make thon a hole ; 

That all the tears that thy poor eyes let Ml 

May mn into that sink, and, soaking in. 

Drown the lamenting fool in sea-salt tears. 

Marc. Fie, brother, fie ! teach her not thns to lay 
Snch Tiolent hands npon her tender life. 

Tit. How now ! has sorrow made thee dote already ? 
Why, Maicns, no man shonld be mad bat I. 
What violent hands can she lay on her life ? 
Ah, wherefore dost thon o^e the name of hands ; — 
To bid £neas tell the tale twice o'er. 
How Troy was bnmt, and he made miserable ? 
0, handle not the theme, to talk of hands. 
Lest we remember still that we have none.^ 
Fie, fie, how franticly I sqnare my talk, — 
As if we shonld forget we had no hands. 
If MarcQS did not name the word of hands 1 — 
Come, let's fall to ; and, gentle girl, eat this : — 
Here is no drink t — Hark, Marcns, what she says ; — 
I can interpret all her martyr'd signs ; — 
She says she drinks no other drink bnt tears, 
Brew'd with her sorrow, mash'd'^ npon her cheeks : — 
Speechless complainer, I will leani thy thonght ; 
In thy domb action will I be as perfect 
As begging hermits in their holy prayers : 
Thon shalt not sigh, nor hold thy stnmps to heaven, 
Nor wink, nor nod, nor kneel, nor make a sign, 
Bot I of these will wrest an alphabet, 
And by still practice learn to know thy meaning. 

Young Imc. Good grandsire, leave these bitter deep la- 
Make my aant merry with some pleasing tale. 

Marc. Alas, the tender boy, in passion mov'd. 
Doth weep to see his grand si re's heaviness. 

Tit. Peace, tender sapling ; thon art made of tears, 

TOL. Ti. T 



And tears will quickly melt thy Hie ftwsy. — 

[Marca$ ttriket the dhk wUh a kn'tfe. 
Wbat dost thoa strike at, Marcus, with thy"** knife? 

Marc. At that that I have kill'd, my lord, — a fly. 

Tit. Out on thee, mnrderer ! thou kill'st my heart ; 
Mine eyes are"'^ cloy'd with view of tyranny : 
A deed of death done on the innocent 
Becomes not Titns' brother : get thee gone ; 
I see thou art not for my company. 

Marc. Alas, my lord, I have bat kill'd a fly. 

Tit. Bnt how, if that fly had a father and mother 7 
How would he hang his slender gilded wings,^*' 
And buzz lamenting doingB"** in the air ! 
Poor faarmlesB fly. 

That, with his pretty bozzing melody. 
Came here to make ns merry ; and thoa hut kill'd him. 

Marc. Pardon me, sir ; it was"** a black ill-&Tonr*d fly. 
Like to the empress' Moor ; therefore I kill'd him. 

Tit. O, d, 0, 
Then pardon me for reprehending thee, 
For thou hast done a charitable deed. 
Give me thy knife, I will insnit on him; 
Flattering myself, as if it were the Moor 
Come hither pnrpoaely to poison me. — 
There's for thyself, and that's for Tamora. — 
Ah, eirrah ! 

As yet,***' I think, we are not brought so low 
Bat that between ns we can kill a fly 
That comes in likeness of a coal-black Moor. 

Marc. Alas, poor man ! grief has so wrooght on him. 
He takes false shadows for true eabstanoes. 

Tit. Come, take away. — Lavinia, go with me : 
I'll to thy closet ; and go read with thee 
Sad stories chanced in the times of old. — 
Come, boy, and go with me : thy sight is yonng, 
And thoa shalt read when mine begins"'" to dazzle. 




Scene I. Roine. Tlie garden of Titus's lioutc. 

Enter Titus and Marcus. Then enter Young Ldciub, ruiiiiimj, with 
hooks under hie arm, which he icln fall, ami Lavinia runnimj 

Young Luc. Help, grandsirC) help ! my annt Lavinia 
Follows me eTery where, I know not why: — ' 

Good nncle Marcas, see how swift she comes. — 
Alae, sweet aont, I know not what yon mean. 

Marc. Stand hy me, Lncins ; do not fear thine aont. 

Tit. She loves thee, boy, too well to do thee hann. 

Young Lvc. Ay, when my father was in Rome she did. 

Marc. What means my niece loavinia by these Bigns ? 

Tit. Fear het not, Lncius: — somewhat doth she mean : — ■ 
See, Lncins, see how mnch she makes of thee : 
Somewhither wonld she have thee go with her. 
Ah, boy, Cornelia never with more care 
Read to her sons than she hath read to thee 
Sweet poetry and Tally's Orator. 

Marc. Canst then not guess wherefore she plies thee 

Young Luc. My lord, I know not, I, nor can I guess. 
Unless some fit or frenay do possess her : 
For I have heard my grandsire say fall oft. 
Extremity of griefs wonld make men -mad ; 
And I have read that Hecnba of Troy 
Ran mad through sorrow : that made me to fear ; 
Although, my lord, I know my noble aunt 
Loves me as dear as e'er my mother did, 
And would not, but in fury, fright my youth : 
Which made me down to throw my books, and fly, — 
Causeless, perhaps. — But pardon me, sweet aunt : 
And, madam, if my uncle Marcus go, 
I will most willingly attend your ladyship. 

Marc. Lucius, I will. [^Lavinia turns ocer toith lier 

itumps the books which Lucius has let fail. 



Tit. How now, Lavinia ! — Matoaa, what tneona this ? 
Some book there is that she desires to see. — 
Which is it, girl, of these ? — Open them, boy. — 
Bat thoa art deeper read, and better stdll'd : 
Come, and take choice of all mj library. 
And BO beguile thy sorrow, till the heavens 
Beveal the damn'd contriver of this deed. — ■ 
Why lifts she up her arms in seqaence thus ?'*'' 

Mare. I think she means that there was more than on& 
Confederate in the fact ; — ay, more there was ; 
Or else to heaven she heaves them for revenge. 

Tit. Lucius, what book is that she tosseth bo ? 

Young hue. Grandsire, 'tis Ovid's Metamorphoses ; 
My mother gave it me. 

Marc. For love of her that's gone. 

Perhaps she coll'd it from among the rest. 

TU. Soft I see how bosily she tnms the leaves l<*^' 

{Helj^ng her. 
What would she find ? — Lavinia, shall I read ?**•* 
This is the tragic tale of Philomel, 
And treats of Terens' treason and his rape ; 
And rape, I fear, was root of thine annoy. 

Marc. See, brother, see; note how she qnotes the leaves.- 

Tit. Lavinia, wert then thns Burpris'd, sweet girl, 
Ravish'd and wrong'd, as Philomela was, 
Fore'd in the mthless, vaBt, and gloomy woods ? — 
See, see! — 

Ay, each a place there is, where we did hant — 
0, had we never, never banted there ! — 
Pattem'd by that the poet here describes. 
By natnre made for mnrdere and for rapes. 

Marc. 0, why should nature baild so fonl a den. 
Unless the gods delight in tragedies ? 

Tit. Ctive signs, sweet girl, — for here are none bnt 
friends, — 
What Roman lord it was dorst do the deed : 
Or slnnk not Satnrnine, as Tarqoin erst, 
That left the camp to sin in Lacrece' bed ? 

Marc. Sit down, sweet niece : — brother, sit down by me. — 
Apollo, Pallas, Jove, or Mercary, 



Inspire me, tliat I may thia treason find ! — 
My lord, look here : — look here, Lavinia : 
This fl&ndy plot is plain ; guide, if thon canat, 
This after me, when I have writ my name"'"' 
Withont the help of any hand at aJI. [J7e writes h'ta name 
with kia staff, and guides it with his feet atid Jmmtli. 
Gnrs'd be that heart that fbrc'd ub to this shift ! — 
Write thon, good niece ; and here display, at last. 
What God""'* will have disoover'd for revenge : 
Hearen guide thy pen to print thy sorrows plain. 
That we may know the traitors and the truth I 

{She takes Hie staff in her mouth, and guides it 
with her stumps, and writes. 

Tit. 0, do ye read, my lord, what she hath writ? — 
" Siupntm — Chiron — Demetrivs." 

Marc. What, what ! — the lastfbl sons of Tamora 
Performers of this heinous, bloody deed ? 

Tit. Magne dominator poli,* 
Tarn lenius audia seelera ? tarn lentui videa * 

Marc. 0, calm thee, gentle lord ; although I know 
There is enough written upon this earth 
To stir a mutiny in the mildest thoughts. 
And arm the minds"*''' of in&nts to exclaims. 
My lord, kneel down with me ; Lannia, kneel ; 
And kneel, sweet boy, the Roman Hector's hope ; 
And sweat with me, — as, with the wofal fere 
And father of that chaste dishonour'd dame. 
Lord Junius Bmtua sware for Lucrece' rape, — 
That we will prosecute, by good advice. 
Mortal revenge upon these troitoroas Goths, 
And see their blood, or die with this reproach. 

Tit. 'Tis sure enough, an you knew how,"'" 
But if yoa hunt these bear-whelps, then beware : 
The dam will wake ; and, if she wind yon once, 
She's with the lion deeply still in leagne. 
And lulls him whilst she playeth on her back, 

• Jla^ne dominator pcli, be.] The old etU-hftTe" Magni ifoDifnatar," &e. 
— PVom the Hippoli/tiii of Seneca ; 



And when he Bleeps will she do vhat she list. 

Ton're a Tonng hnntsmui, Marcas ; let 't alone ; 

And, come, I will go get a leaf of brass. 

And vrith a gad of steel will write these words. 

And la; it by: the aogry northern wind 

Will blow these sands, like Sibyl's leavei), abroad, 

And where's yonr lesson, then ? — Boy, what say yon ? 

Young Imc I say, my lord, that if I were a mau. 
Their mothet'e bed-chamber shonld not be safe 
For these bad bondmen to the yoke of Rome. 

Marc. Ay, that's my boy ! thy lather hath full oft 
For his nngntefol conntry done the like. 

Young Ltie. And, nnde, so will I, an if I live. 

Tit. Come, go with me into mine armory ; 
Lncias, Til fit thee ; and withal, my boy, 
Sbalt"*^ carry &om me to the empress' sona 
Presents that I intend to send them both : 
Come, come ; thon'lt do thy message, wilt then not ? 

Yoaag Luc. Ay, with my dagger in ibeit bosoms, grand- 

TU. No, boy, not so; I'll teach thee another conrae. — 
Laviuia, come. — Marcns, look to my honse : 
Lttcias and I'll go brave it at the oonrt ; 
Ay, marry, will we, sir; and we'll be waited on. 

[Exeunt Tit^u, Lavinia, «nd YouTig Lucia*. 

Marc. heavens, can yon hear a good man groan. 
And not relent, or not compassion him ? — 
Marcns, attend him in his ecstasy, 
That hath more scars of sorrow in his heart 
Than foemen's marks upon his batter'd shield ; 
Bnt yet so jnst that he will not revenge : — 
Bevenge, ye heavens, for old Andronicua I*"* [E^ilr 

Scene n. Tlie same. A rooin in the palace. 

Enter, from one suh; Aabon, Dbmetbidb, and Chiboit; from the. 
other ride, Yodko Lucius, and an Attendant, vnth a liundle of 
weapone, and verses Krit upon them. 
Chi. Demetrins, liere's tlie son of Lncius; 



He hath some mesBage to deliver qb. 

Aar. Ay, some m&d message from bis mad grandfather. 

Young Imc. My lords, with all the hTunhleneea I may, 
I greet yonr hononrs from Andronieas, — 
[^8t(ie3 And pray the Soman gods confonnd yoo both ! 

Dem. Onunercy, lovely Lncina : what's the news ? 

Yaunff Luc. [aaide] That yon are both decipher'd, that's 
the news, 
For Tillains mark'd with rape. — May it please you,"** 
My gnuidfiire, well advia'd, hath sent by me 
The goodheet weapons of hia armory 
To gratily your hononrable youth. 
The hope of Bome ; for so he bade me gay ; 
And so I do, and with his gifts present 
Yonr lordships, that,"*'* whenever you have need. 
Yon may he armed and appointed well : 
And so I leave you both, — [aside] like bloody villains. , 

[Exeunt Young Lucius and AUendant. 

Dem. "What's here ? A scroll ; and written round about ? 
Let's see : — 
[Jieads] " Integer vike* eceleritque punu, 

Non eget M(turi jaeulie, nee areu," 

Chi. 0, 'tis a verse in Horace ; I know it well : 
I read it in the grammar long ago. 

Aar. Ay, just, — a verse in Horace; — right, you have it. — 
[^ritie] Now, what a thing it is to be an ass t 
Here's no sontid jest [ th' old man hath found their guilt ; 
And sends them weapons vrrapp'd about with lines 
That wound, beyond their feeling, to the quick. 
But were our witty empress well a-foot, 
She would applaud Andronicus' conceit : 
But let her rest in her unrest awhile. — 
And now, young lords, was't not a happy star 
Led us to Bome, strangers, and more than so. 
Captives, to be advanced to this height ? 
It did me good, before the palace-gate 
To brave the tribune in his brother's hearing. 

Dem. But me more good, to see bo great a lord 
Basely insiunate and send as gifts. 

* Inlegtr Vila, Ao.] Horace, Carta, i. sxii. 1. 



Aar. Had he not reason, Lord Demetrias 9 
Did yon not nee his daughter very friendly ? 

Dem. I wonld we had a thoaeand Roman dames 
At finch a bay, by tnm to serve oar Inst. 

Aar. A charitable wish and fall of loye :"'*' 
Here lacks bat year mother for to say amen. 

Chi. And that woald she for twenty thousand more. 

Dem. Come, let as go ; and pray to all the gods 
For our beloved mother in her paina. 

Atn: Pray to the devils ; the gods have given us over. 

i^Flourith mthin. 

Ikm. Why do the emperor's trumpets floarish thos ? 

Chi. Belike for joy the emperor hath a son. 

]Jcm. Soft I who comes here ? 

JSnter a Nurse, urith a bluekamoor Child in her anas, 

Nur. Good morrow, lords : 

0, (ell me, did yoa see Aaton the Moor ? 

Aar. Well, more or less, or ne'er a whit at all. 
Here Aaron is ; and what with Aaron now ? 

Nar. gentle Aaron, we are all undone ! 
Now help, or woe betide thee evermore I 

Aar. Why, what a caterwaoling dost thou keep ! 
What dost thou wrap and famble in thine arms ? 

Nur, 0, that which I wonld hide from heaven's eye. 
Our empress' shame and stately Rome's disgrace ! — 
She is deliver'd, lords, — she is delivet'd. 

Aar. To whom? 

Nur. I mean, she's brought a-bed. 

Aar. Well, God 

Give her good rest! What hath he sent her? 

Nur. A devil. 

Aar. Why, then she's the devil's dam; a joyful issoe."*"' 

Nur, A joyless, dismal, black, and sorrowful issue : 
Hero is the babe, as loathsome as a toad 
Amongst the fairest breeders of our clime : 
The empress sends it thee, thy stamp, thy seal. 
And bids thee christen it with thy digger's point. 

Aar. Zounds, ye whore t is black so base a hue ? — 
Sweet blowso, yoa are a beaateous blossom, sore. 



Dent. Yillain, what hast thon done ? 

Aar. That which thon canet not undo. 

Chi. Thaa hast undone onr mother. 

Aar. Villain, I haye done thy mother. 

Dent. And therein, hellish dog, thon hast nndouo her. 
Woe to her chanoe, and damn'd her loathed choice ! 
Aconrs'd the offspring of so fonl a fiend ! 

Chi. It shall not live. 

Aar. It shall not die. 

Nur. Aaron, it must; the mother wills it so. / 

Aar. What, mnst it, nnrse? then let no man bat I 
Do execatton on my flesh and blood. 

Dem. I'll broach the tadpole on my rapier's point : — 
Norse, give it me ; my sword shall soon dispatch it. 

Aar. Sooner this Bword shall plongh thy bowels np. 

[Takes the Child from the Nurse, and draic$. 
Stay, mnrderons villains ! will you kill your brother? 
Now, by the burning tapers of the sky, 
That shone so brightly when this boy was got, 
He dies upon my scimitar's sharp point 
That tonches this my first-bom son and heir I 
I tell you, younglings, not £nceladuB, 
With all his threatening band of Typhon's brood. 
Nor great Alcides, nor the god of war, 
Shall seize this prey oat of his father's hands. 
What, what, ye aangnine, shallow-hearted boys ! 
Ye white-lim'd^"" walls I ye alehonse painted signs I 
Coal-black is better than another hue. 
In that it scorns to bear another hue ; 
For all the water in the ocean 
Can never tnm the swan's black legs to white, 
Although she lave tbem hourly in the flood. 
Tell the empress*"" from me, I am of age 
To keep mine own, — excuse it how she can. 

Dem. Wilt thon betray thy noble mistress thus ? 

Aar. My mistress is my mistress ; this, myself, — ""* 
The vigoor and the picture of my youth : 
This before all the world do I prefer ; 
This maugre all the world will I keep safe. 
Or some of yon shall smoke for it in Rome. 


SM TITira AMDRONICUS. [im xt, 

Dem. By thia our mother is for eyer sham'd. 

Chi. Borne will despise her for this foal escape. 

Nur. The emperor, in bia rage, will doom her death. 

Chi. 1 binsh to thiok upon this ignomy. 

Aar. "Why, there's the pririlege your beauty bears: 
Fie, treaoheroaB hne, that will betray with blashing 
The close enacts and coaoBels of the heart ! 
Here's a young lad fram'd of another leer ; 
Look, how the black slave smiles npon the father, 
Ab who shoold say, " Old lad, I am thine own." 
He is yonr brother, lords ; sensibly fed 
Of that self-blood that first gave life to yoa ; 
And from that womb where yon impriaoo'd were 
He is enfranchised and come to light : 
Nay, he's yonr brother by the anrer aide, 
Althoagh my aeal be stamped in his face. 

Nur. Aaron, what shall I say ante the empress 9 

Dem. Advise thee, Aaron, what is to be done. 
And we will all sabscribe to thy advice : 
Save then the child, so we may all be safe. 

Aar. Then sit we down, and let ns all consolt. 
My son and I will have the wind of yon : 
Eecp there : now talk st pleasure of yonr safety. [^Tkey $it. 

Dem. How many women aaw this child of hia ? 

Aar. Why, so, brave lorda ! when we join in league, "'" 
I am a lamb : but if yoa brave the Moor, 
The chafed boar, the monntain honesa. 
The ocean awella not so as Aaron storms. — 
Bnt say, again, bow many saw the child ? 

Nur, Cornelia the midwife and myaelf ; 
And no one else bot the deliver'd empresa. 

Aar. The empress, the midwife, and yourself: — 
Two may keep counsel when the third'a away : — 
Go to the empresa, tell her this I aaid : — 

[He stabs ker : she screams and dies. 
Weke, weke I — bo cries a pig prepar'd to the apit. 

Dem. What mean'at tbon, Aaron 9 wherefore didst then 

Aar. Lord, sir, 'tis a deed of policy : 
Shall she live to betray this gnilt of onrs, — 



A loDg-tongn'd babbling goasip? no, lords, no : 
And now be it known to yon my fall intent. 
Not far one Mali liveB, my countryman j"'* 
His wife bnt yesternight was brought to bed ; 
EIb child is like to her, fair as yon are : 
60 pack with him, and give the mother gold, 
And tell them both the circamBtance of all ; 
And how by this their child shall be advanc'd, 
And bo receivM for the emperor's heir. 
And Bubstitated in the place of mine, 
To calm this tempest whirling in the court ; 
And let the emperor dandle him for bis ovm. 
Hark ye, lords ; ye see I have given her physic,'""' 

IPoiiiting to the Xiirsc. 
And yon must needs bestow her funeral; 
The fields are near, and yoa are gallant grooms : 
This done, see that yon take no longer days, 
Bat send the midwife presently to me. 
The midwife and the nurse well made away, 
Then let the ladies tattle what they please. 

Chi. Aaron, I see thou wilt not trust the air 
With secrets. 

Dem. For this care of Tamora, 

Herself and hers are highly bound to thee. 

[Exeunt Dem. and Clii. hearing off the dcmi Xtirac- 

Aar, Now to the Ooths, as swift as swallow flies ; 
There to diE^ose this treasure in mine arms. 
And secretly to greet the empress' friends. — 
Come on, you thick-lipp'd slave, I'll bear yoa hence ; 
For it is you that puts us to oar shifts : 
1*11 make you feed on berries and on roots. 
And feed on curds and whey,'"* snd suck the goat. 
And cabia in a cave ; and bring yon up 
To be a warrior and command a camp. [Etil. 



Scene III- The same, A public place. 

Enter Titos, hearing arroun with letteri at ths ends o/tkem; with 
kirn Mabcub, Touko Ldoids, Pubuus, SEMPBONina, Caidb, and 
other Gentlemea, with bowt. 

Tit. Come, MarcaB, come : — kinsmen, this is the way. — 
Sir boy, now"'" let me see yonr aroliery ; 
Look ye draw home enongh, and 'tw there etraight. — 
TetTas Astraa reliqidt ;" 

Be yon remember'd, Marcus, she's gone, she's fled.— - 
Sirs, take yoo to your tools. You, cousiuB, shall 
Go eonnd the ocean, and cast your nets ; 
Happily yon may catch her in the sea ; 
Yet there's as little justice as at land : — 
Ko ; Puhlins and Semprosius, yon must do it ; 
'Tis yon mast dig with mattock and with spade, 
And pierce the inmost centre of the earth : 
Then, when yon come to Pluto's region, 
I pray you, deliver him this petition ; 
Tell him, it is for jnstice and for aid. 
And that it comes from old AndronicuB, 
Shaken with sorrows in ungrateful Borne. — 
Ah, Kome ! — Well, well ; I made thee miserable 
What time I threw the people's suffrages 
On him that thus doth tyrannize o'er me. — 
Go, get yon gone; and pray be careful all. 
And leaTe you not a man-of-war unsearch'd : 
This wicked emperor may have shipp'd her hence ; 
And, kinsmen, then we may go pipe for justice. 

Marc. Publius, is not this a heavy case. 
To see thy noble uncle thus distract ? 

Pub. Therefore, my lord, it highly ns concerns 
By day and night t* attend him careftilly. 
And feed his humour kindly as we may. 
Till time beget some easeful remedy.'' "" 

Marc. Kinsmen,*"'' his sorrows are past remedy. 
Join with the Goths ; and with revengeful war 
Take wreak on Borne for this ingratitude, 

• Ttrmi .Utrtea rrliquit] Ovid, lltt. i. 150. 



And vengeance on the traitor Saturnine. 

Tit. Pnblins, how now I how now, m; masters ! What, 
Hare 70a met with her ? 

Pub. No, my good lord ; hat Pluto eendB yoa word, 
If yon will have Revenge from hell, you shall : ' 
Marry, foi JnBtice, she is so employ'd. 
He thinks, with Jove in heaven, or somewhere else, 
So that perforce yon must needs stay a time. 

Tit. He doth me wrong to feed me with delays, 
m dive into the boming lake below, 
And pull her ont of Acheron by th' heels. — 
Marcns, we are bat shrabs, no cedars we. 
No big-bon'd men fram'd of tbe Cyclops' size ; 
Bnt metal, Marcns, steel to the very back. 
Yet wrong with wrongs more than oor backs can bear : 
And, sith there's jnstice nor"^ in earth nor hell. 
We will solicit heaven, and move the gods 
To send down Justice for to wreak oar wrongs. — 
Come, to this gear. — ^Yon're a good archer, Marcus ; 

[He givea them the arroits^ 
Ad Jovtm, that's for yon : — here. Ad Apollinem: — 
Ad Martem, that's for myself : — 
Here, boy. To Pallaa: — here. To Mercury: — 
To Saturn, Gains,*'*" not to Saturnine ; 
Yoa were as good to shoot against the wind. — 
To it, boy. — Marcus, loose when"*" I bid. — 
Of my word, I have written to effect ; 
There's not a god left unsolicited. 

Marc. Kinsmen, shoot all your shafts into the conrt ; 
We will afflict the emperor in his pride. 

Tit. Now, masters, draw. \They shoot.'] — 0, well said, 
Lucius !— 
Good boy, in Virgo's lap ; give it Pallas.'"^ 

Marc. My lord, I aim a mile beyond tbe moon ; 
Yonr letter is with Jupiter by this. 

Tit. Ha, ha ! 
Pablins, Publina, what hast then done ? 
See, see, thon'st shot off one of Tanrus' horns. 

Mare. This was the sport, my lord : when Publius shot. 
The Bnll, being gall'd, gave Aries sacb a knock 


331 TITUe ANDRONICDS. [icrir. 

That down fell both the Barn's horns in tha court ; 
And who should find them but the empress' villaiD ? 
She langh'd, and told the Moor he should not choose 
But giTO them to his master for a present. 

Tit. Why, there it goes : God give his lordship joy • 

Enter a Clown, with a lianket, and ttco pigeont in it. 
News, news from heaven t Marcus, the post is come. — 
Sirrah, what tidings? have you any letters? 
Shall I have justice ? what says Jupiter ? 

Clo, 0, the gibbet-maker? he says that he hath taken 
them down again, for the man must not be banged till the 
next week. 

Tit. But what says Jupiter, I ask thee ? 

Clo, Alas, sir, I know not Jupiter ; I never drank with 
him in all my,life. 

Tit. Why, villain, art not thou the carrier ? 

Clo. Ay, of my pigeons, sir ; nothing else. 

Tit. Why, didst thou not come from heaven ? 

Clo. From heaven ! alas, sir, I never came there : God 
forbid I should be so hold to press to heaven in my young 
days. Why, I am going with my pigeons to the trihnnal 
Xtlehs, to take up a matter of brawl betwixt my uncle and 
one of the emperial's men. 

Marc. Why, dr, that is as fit as can be to serve for yoor 
oration ; and let him deliver the pigeons to the emperor 
from you. 

Tit. Tell me, can you dehver an oration to the emperor 
with a grace? 

Clo. Nay, tmly, sir, I coald never aay grace in all my 

Tit. Sirrah, come hither : make no more ado, 
But give your pigeons to the emperor ; 
By me thou shalt have justice at his hands. 
Hold, hold ; meanwhile here's money for thy charges. — 
Give me pen and ink. — 
Sirrah, can you with a grace deliver a supplication ? 

Clo. Ay, sir. 

Tit. Then hero is a sapplication for yon. And when yon 
come to him, at the first approach yoa mast kneel ; then kias 



bis foot ; then deUrei up yonr pigeons ; and then look for 
jonr reward. I'll be at hand, air ; see you do it bravely , 

Clo. I warrant you, sir, let me alone. 

Tit. Sirrsb, hast thou a knife ? come, let me see it. — 
Here, Marcus, fold it in the oration ; 
For thoa hast made it like an humble Buppltant : — 
And when thou hast given it to the emperor. 
Knock at my door, and tell me what he says. 

Clo. God be wiUi yon, sir; I will. 

Tit. Come, Marcus, let us go. — Fublias, follow me. 


SCEHE IV. Tlte aanu. Before the palace. 

Enter Satcrkindb, Tahoha, Dehbtridb, Chibos, Lords, and of/ierg; 
Saturhimub with the arroiea tn Am hand </iii2 TiToa ehol. 
Sat. Why, lords, what wrongs are these! was ever seen 
An emperor in Borne thus orerborne, 
Troubled, confronted thus ; and, for th' extent 
Of egal justice, as'd In such contempt? 
My lords, yon know, as do the mightful gods,"*" 
However these disturbers of our peace 
Buzz in the people's ears, there naught hath pasa'd. 
Bat even with law, against the wilful sons 
Of old Andronicus. And what an If 
His sorrows have so overwhelm'd his wits, — ■ 
Shall we be thus aGQicted in bis wreaks,*"" 
His fits, his &enzy, and his bitterness ? 
And now he writes to heaven for his redress : 
See, here's To Jove, and this To Mercury; 
This To Apollo: this To the god of war;— 
Sweet scrolls to fly about the streets of Borne ! 
What's this but libelling against the senate, 
And blazoning our injustice every where ? 
A goodly humour, is it not, my lords ? 
As who would say, in Borne no justice were. 
But if I live, his feigned ecstasies 
Shall be no shelter to these outrages : 
But he and his shall know that jnstice lives 



In Satmnintis' health ; ^hom, if she sleep. 
He'll 80 awake, as ehe"**' in fary shall 
Gat off the prond'&t conspirator that liveB. 

Tarn. My graciona lord, my loyely Satnmine, 
Lord of my life, commaDdei of my thoughts, 
Calm thee, and bear the faolts of Titus' age, 
Th' effects of sorrow for his valiant sons, 
Whose loss hath pierc'd him deep and scarr'd his heart ; 
And rather comfort his distressed pUght 
Than prosecute the meanest or the best 
For these contempts. — [^»ide] Why, thus it shall become 
High-witted Tamora to gloze with all : 
But, Titus, I have touch'd thee to the quick. 
Thy Ufe-blood out:"*'' if Aaron now be wise, 
Then is all safe, the anchor's in the port. — 

Enter Clown. 
How now, good fellow ! wonldst thou speak with us ? 

Clo. Yea, forsooth, an your mistreBs-ship''*" be emperial. 

Tarn. Empress I am, but yonder eits the emperor. 

Clo. 'Tia he. — God and Saint Stephen give you god- 
den : I have brought yon a letter and a couple of pigeons 
here. [Sa^mintta reada the letter^ 

Sat. Go, take him away, and hang him presently. 

Clo. How much money must I have ? 

Tarn. Gome, sirrah, you must be hanged. 

Clo. Hanged 1 by'r lady, then I have brought up a neck 
to a fair end. [Exit, guarded,. 

Sat. Despiteful and intolerable wrongs ! 
Shall I endure this monstrous viUauy? 
I know from whence this same device proceeds : 
May this be borne, — as if his traitorous sons, 
That died hy law for murder of onr brother. 
Have by my means been butcher'd wrongfully ? — 
Go, drag the villain hither by the hair ; 
Kor age nor honour shall shape privilege : — ■ 
For this prond mock I'll be thy slaughter-man ; 
Sly Irautic wretch, that holp'st to make me great, 
In hope thyself shonld govern Borne and me. 



What newB with thee, Emilias ? 

jEmil. Ann, arm, my lord,"**' — Borne never had more 
The GothB have gatber'd bead ; and with a power 
Of high-resolved men, bent to the epoil, I 

They bitber march amain, under conduct J 

Of Lncias, son to old AndronicuB ; /^ 

Who threats, in course of his""" revenge, to do 
Ab much as ever Coriolanus did. 

Sat. Is vrarlike Lncias general of the Goths ? 
These tidings nip me ; and I bang the head 
As flowers with frost, or grass beat down with atorms : 
Ay, now begin our sorrows to approach : 
'Tis he the common people love so much ; 
Uyeelf hath often overheard"*" them say — ■ 
"When I have walifid like a private man — 
That Lncius' banishment was wrongfully, 
And they have wish'd that Lucius were tbeir emperor. 

Tarn, Why should you fear ? is not your city strong ? 

Sat, Ay, but the citizens favour Lncius, 
And will revolt from me to succonr him. 

Tarn, King, he thy thoughts imperious, like thy name. 
Is the sun dimm'd, that gnats do fly in it ? 
The eagle sufl'ers Uttle birds to sing, 
And is not careful what they mean thereby. 
Knowing that vritb the shadow of his vringe'"'* 
He can at pleasure stint their melody : 
Even BO mayst thou the giddy men of Borne. 
Then cheer thy spirit : for know, thou emperor, 
I vrill enchant the old Andronicus 
With words more sweet, and yet more dangerous, 
Slian baits to fish, or honey-stalks to sheep ; 
Whenas the one is wounded with tbe bait> 
the other rotted with delicious feed. 

Sat, But he will not entreat bis son for us. 

Tarn. If Tamora entreat him, then he will : 
For I can smooth, and fill bis ag6d ear 
With golden promises ; that, were his heart 




AlmoBt impregnable, his old ears deaf. 

Yet Bhonld both ear and heart obey my tongue. — 

[To ^miliua] Go thou before, be our '"*' ambaBsador : 

Say that the emperor requests a parley 

Of warlike LuciuB, and appoint the meeting 

Even at hie father's bouse, the old Andronicna. 

Sat, JBmilius, do this message hoDonrabty ; 
And if he stand on hostage"**' for his safety, 
Bid him demand what pledge will please him beat. 

jEmi/. Your bidding shall I do effectually. [Exit. 

Tam. Now will I to that old AndronicuB, 
And temper him, with all the art I have. 
To pluck proud Lacius from the warlike Goths. 
And now, sweet emperor, he blithe again, 
And bury all thy fear in my devices. 

Sat. Then go successantly,"*" and plead to him. 


Scene I, Plain* near Rome. 
Enter Lnoros, and an army o/ Goths, with tfmnu and colours. 

Luc. ApproTed warriors, and my faithful friends, 
I have received letters from great Rome, 
Which signify what hate they hear their emperor. 
And how desirous of our sight they are. 
Therefore, great lords, be, bb your titles witness. 
Imperious, and impatient of your wrongs ; 
And wherein fiome hath done you any scathe. 
Let him make treble satisfiMstion. 

First Ooth. Brave slip, sprung firom the great Andronicus, 
Whose name was once our terror, now our comfort; 
Whose high exploits and honourable deeds 
Ingrateful Borne requites with foul contempt, 
Be bold in us : we'll follow where thou lead'st, — 
Like stinging hoes in hottest Bummer's day. 


flcnn I.} TITQB AHDSOmOUS. 888 

Led by their iDMter to the flowerM fields, — 
And he aveng'd on cnrsM Tamora. 

Qoihi.'^*^ And as he saith, bo say we all with him. 

Lite. I hombly thank him, and I thank ;oa all. — 
Bot who cornea here, led by a lasty Goth ? 

Enter a Ootb, leading Aasos vith hit Child in hin amie. 
Sec. Ootk. BenownM Lncina, from oar troops I Btray'd 
To gaze npon a roinoas monastery ; 
And, as I earnestly did fix mine eye 
Upon ihe wasted bailding, suddenly 
I heard a child cry underneath a wall. 
I made nnto the noise ; when soon I heard 
The crying babe controll'd with this discoorse : 
" Peace, tawny slave, half me and half thy dam ! 
Did not thy hne bewray whose brat thoa art, 
Had nature lent thee bat thy mother's look, 
ViUaio, thon mightst have been an emperor : 
Bat where the bull and cow are both milk-white. 
They never do beget a coal-black calf. 
Peace, villain, peace !" — even thus he rates the babe, — ■ 
" For I mnat bear thee to a tmsty Qoth ; 
Who, when he knows thon art the empress' babe, 
Willjiold thee dearly for thy mother's sake." 
With this, my weapon drawn, I mah'd upon him, 
Sarpris'd him snddenly ; and bronght him hither. 
To nse as yoa think needfiil of the man. 

Luc. worthy Goth, this is th' incarnate devil 
That robb'd Andronicns of his good band ; 
This is the pearl that pleas'd yonr empress' eye ; 
And here's the base frnit of his barning InsL — 
Say, wall-ey'd slave, whither wonldst thoa convey 
This growing image of thy fiend-ltke face ? 
Why dost not speak? what, deaf? not a word ? — ""' 
A halter, soldieia ! hang him on this tree, 
And by his side his frnit of bastardy. 

Aar. Touch not the boy, — he is of royal blood. 

Ltu:. Too like the sire for ever being good. — 
First hang the child, that he may see it sprawl, — 
A sight to vex the father's sool withal. — 



Get me & ladder. 

\A ladder brought, which Aaron it made to ascend, 
Aar. LnoioB, save the child,"**' 

And bear it iram me to the empress. 
If thoQ do this, I'll show thee wondrous things, 
That highly may advantage thee to hear : 
If thoa wnt not, befitll what ma; befall, 
m speak no more but — ^rongeance rot yon all ! 

Luc. Say on : an if it please me which thoa speak'st. 
Thy child shall live, and I will see it noorish'd. 

Aar. An if it please thee 1 why, assure thee, Lndoa, 
'Twill vex thy eonl to hear what I shall speak ; 
For I most talk of murdera, rapes, and masBacres, 
Acta of black night, abominable deeds, 
Complots of mischief, treason, villauies 
Rnthfnl to hear, yet piteonsly"*" perform'd : 
And this shall all be bnried in my death, 
Unless thoa swear to me my child shall live. 

Luc. Tell on thy mind; I say thy child shall live. 

Aar. Swear that he shall, and then I will begin. 

Luc. Who should I swear by ? thoa believ'st no god : 
That granted, how canst thoa believe an oath ? 

Aar. What if I do not? as, indeed, I do not ; 
Tet, for I know thoa art religioas, 
And hast a thing within thee called conscience. 
With twenty popish tricks and ceremonies. 
Which I have seen thee careful to obserre. 
Therefore I nrge thy oath ; for that I know 
An idiot holds his bauble for a god. 
And keeps the oath which by that god he swears, 
To that I'll nrge him : — therefore Uiou ahalt vow 
By that same god, what god aoe'er it be. 
That thon ador'st and hast in reverence, — 
To save my boy, to nonrish and bring him ap ; 
Or else I will discover naaght to thee. 

Luc. Even by my god I swear to thee I will. 

Aar. First know thoa, I begot him on the empress. 

Luc. most insatiate and liixnrions woman ! 

Aar, Tat, Lacins, this was but a deed of charity 
To that which thoa shalt bear of me anon. 



^Twas her two Bons that marder'd BuaiaDos; 
The; cat thy aister's tongae, and raTish'd her, 
And cut her hoods, and ttimm'd her aa thoa saw'et. 

Imc. detestable TiUain I eall'st thoa°*<» that trimming? 

Aar. Why, she was wash'd, and cat, and trimm'd; and 
Trim sport for them that had the doing of it. 

Luc. barbaroas, beastly Tillains, like thyself ! 

Aar. Indeed, I was their tutor to instnict them : 
That codding spirit had they from their mother, 
As BOre a card as ever won the set ; 
That bloody mind, I think, they leam'd of me, 
As true a dog as ever fought at bead. — 
Well, let my deeds be witness of my worth. 
I train'd thy brethren to that gnilefol hole. 
Where the dead corpse of Bassianas lay : 
I wrote the letter that thy father fonnd. 
And hid the gold within the letter mention'd, 
Confederate with the qneen and her two eons : 
And what not done, that then hast oanae to me, 
Wherein I had no stroke of mischief in it ? 
I play'd the cheater for thy father's hand ; 
And, when I had it, drew myself apart, 
And almost broke my heart with extreme laughter : 
I pry'd me through the crerice of a wall 
When, for his hand, he had his two sons' heads ; 
Beheld his tears, and langh'd so heartily, 
That both mice eyes were rainy like to his : 
And when I told the empress of this sport, 
She BwoonM"*'' abnost at my pleasing tale, 
And for my tidings gave me twenty kisses. 

First Qotk. What, canst then say all this, and never 

Aar. Ay, like a black dog, as the saying ia. 

Lue. Art thoa not sorry for these heinoas deeds? 

Aar. Ay, that I had not done a thonsand more. 
Even now I corse the day — and yet, I think, 
Few come within the compass of my cnrse — 
Wherein I did not some notorious ill : 
As, kill a man, or else devise his death ; 


MS Trrns andbohicub. [act t. 

Bsvish a maid, or plot the way to do it ; 

Accase Bom« isnoeent, and forswear mysdf ; 

Set deadly enmity between two friends ; 

Make poor men's cattle stray and break their necks ;'^*** 

Set fire on hams and hay-etacka in the night. 

And bid the owners quench them with their tears. 

Oft bare I digg'd-np dead men from their gtavee. 

And set them opright at their dear friends' doore. 

Even when their sorrow almost was forgot ;^*'' 

And on their skins, as on the bark of trees, 

Have with my knife carrM in Boman letters . 

" Let not your sorrow die, thongh I am dead." 

Tut, Z have done a thousand dreadful things 

As willingly as one would kill a fiy ; 

And nodiing grieres me heartily indeed. 

But that I cannot do ten thousand more. 

Imc, Bring down the devil ; for he must not die 
So sweet a death as hanging presently. 

[Aaron is brought down from the ladder. 

Aar. If there be devils, would I were a devil. 
To live and burn in everlasting fire, 
-So I might have your company in hell, 
Bat to torment you with my bitter tongne ! 

iMt. Sirs, Bt(^ his month, and let him speak no more. 

lintera Goth. 
Third Goth. My lord, there is a messenger from Borne 
Desires to be admitted to yonr presence. 
Luc. Let him come near. 

Elder Muiuxm. 
Welcome, ^miliuB : what's the news from Rome 7 

Mmil. Lord Lucius, and yon princes of the Gotha, 
The Boman emperor greets yon aU by me ; 
And, for he understands yon are in arms. 
Ho craves a parley at your £ather's boose. 
Willing yon to demand your hostages, 
And they shall be immediately delivered. 

Firtt Ooth. What s&ys oar general ? 

Lac. Emilias, let the emperor give his pledges 



Unto my father and my node Maifius, 

And we will come. — March, away ! [FlourUk. Exeunt.'^ 

SCBKB n. Rome. Before TiruB'fl koaae. 
Enter Tahora, Cbhbisidb, and CamoH, dUguitecl. 
Tarn. Thus, in this strange and sad habiliment, 
I will encoonter with Andronictis, 
And say I am Serenge, sent from below 
To join with him and right his heinous wrongs. 
Enock at his study, where, they say, he keepe. 
To rominate strange plots of dire revenge ; 
Tell him Revenge is come to join with him. 
And work confasioa on his enemies. \They hooch, 

Entei- Hum, oiwM.o«> 

Tit. Who doth molest my contemplation ? 
Is it yonr triok to make me ope the door. 
That BO my sad decrees may fly away. 
And all my study be to no effect ? 
Yon are deoeiv'd ; for what I mean to do 
See here in bloody lines I have set down ; 
And what is written shall be executed. 

Tarn. Titns, I sow"**' am come to talk with thee. 

Tit, No, not a word : how can I grace my talk. 
Wanting a hand to give it action ? 
ThoQ bast the odds of me; therefore no more. 

Tarn. If thoQ didst know me, thoa wooldst talk with me. 

Tit. I am not mad ; I know thee well enongb : 
Witness this wretched stomp, witness"*" these crimson lines; 
Witness these trenches made by grief and care ; 
Witness the tiring day and heavy night ; 
Witness all sorrow, that I know thee well 
For ooT proad empress, mighty Tamora : 
Is not thy coming for my other hand ? 

'Tarn. Know, thon sad man, I am not Tamora; 
She ia thy enemy, and I tby &iend : 
I am Revenge ; sent £rom th' infernal kingdom, 



To ease the gnawing Taitore of thy miod. 

By working wreakfnl Taogeance on thy foes. 

Gome down, and welcome me to this world's light ; 

Confer with me of murder and of death : 

There's not a hollow cave or lurking-place, 

No Taat obscnrity or misty vale. 

Where bloody murder or detested rape 

Can couch for fear, but I will find them out ; 

And in tLeir ears tell them my dreadfal name, — 

Berenge, — which makes the foul offenders quake. 

Tit. Art thou Revenge ? and art tboa sent to me. 
To be a torment to mine enemies ? 

Tarn. I am ; therefore come down, and welcome me. 

Tit. Do me some service, ere I come to thee. 
XiO, by thy side where Bape and Marder stand ; 
Now give some surance that thou art Bevenge, — 
Stab Ibem, or tear them on thy chariot-wheeU ; 
And then I'll come and be thy wagoner, 
And whirl along with thee about the globe.''^ 
Provide two*^"' proper palfreys, black aa jet. 
To hale thy vengeful wagon swift away, 
And find out mnrderers in their guilty caves ;"*" 
And when thy car is loaden with their heads, 
I will dismount, and by the wagon-wheel 
Trot, like a servile footman, all day long. 
Even from Hyperion's""' rising in the east 
Until his very downfall in the sea : 
And day by day I'lh do this heavy task. 
So thou destroy Bapine and Murder there. 

Tarn. Theae are my ministers, and come with me. 

Tit. Are these thy ministers? what are they eall'd? 

Tarn. Bapine and Murder ;"^^ therefore e&Mhd bo, 
'Caose they take veageance of such kind of men. 

Tit. Good Lord, how like the empress' sons they are t 
And you, the empress ! but we worldly men 
Have miserable, mad-mistaking eyes. 

aweet Bevenge, now do I come to thee ; 

And, if one arm's embracement will content thee, 

1 will embrace thee in it by and by. [Exit ahore. 

Tam. This closing wiUi him fits his lunacy : 



'Wbate'flT I toTgo to feed his brain-sick fits. 
Do 7011 aphold and maintain in Toar speeebes. 
For now ha firmly takes me for RoTSnge ; 
And, being crednlons in this mad thought, 
I'll make him send for Lncias hia son ; 
And, whilst I at a banqaet bold him Bare, 
I'll find Bome conning practice out of hand, 
To scatter and disperse the giddy Goths, 
Or, at the least, make them his enemies. — 
See, here he comes, and I mast ply my theme. 

£nier Tims, Mow. 

Tit. Long have I been forlorn, and all for thee : 
Welcome, dread Fory, to my woful hoase : — 
Bapino and Marder, you are welcome too : — 
How like the empress and her sons you are ! 
Well are you fitted, had you but a Moor : — 
Could not all hell afford you such a deyil ? — ■ 
For well I wot the empress never wags 
Bnt in her company there is a Moor ; 
And, would you represent our queen aright. 
It were convenient you had sach a devil : 
Bat welcome, as you are. What shall we do ? 

Tarn. What wouldst thou have us do, Andronlcus ? 

Dem. Show me a murderer, I'll deal with him. 

Chi. Show me a villain that hath done a rape. 
And I am sent to be reveng'd on him. 

Tarn, Show me a thousand that have done thee wrong, 
And I will be revenged on them all. 

3^. Look round about the wicked streets of Borne ; 
And when thou find'st a man that's like thyself. 
Good Murder, stab him ; he's a murderer. — 
Go thou with him ; and when it is thy hap 
To find another that is like to thee, 
Good Bapine, stab him ; he's a ravisher.— 
Go thoo with them ; and in the emperor's court 
There is a queen, attended by a Moor ; 
Well mayst thoa know her by thy own proportion. 
For np and down she doth resemble thee : 
I pray thee, do on them some violent death ; 



The; hftve been violent to me aod mine. 

Tam. Well hiBt thoa lesson'd na ; this shall we do. 
Bnt would it pleaae thee, good Andronicns, 
To send for Lncios, thy thrioe-Taliant son, 
Who loads towards Borne s band of warlike Cloths, 
And hid him come and hanqoet at thy honse ; 
"When he is here, even at th; solemn feast, 
I will bring in the empress and her sons. 
The emperor himself, and all th; foes ; 
And at th; mercy shall the; stoop aod kuoel. 
And on them ahalt thoa ease th; angr; heart. 
What 8a;8 Andronicns to this dence ? 

Tit. Maroas, m; brother! 'tis sad Titns caUs. 

IhUer Mabccs. 
Qo, gentle Marcos, to th; nephew Lnoios ; 
Thoa shalt inqnire him oat among the Gotlu ; 
Bid him repair to me, and bring with him 
Some of the chiefest princes of the Goths ; 
Bid him encamp his soldiers where the; are : 
Tell him the emperor and the empress too 
FeaBt at m; honse, and he shall feast with them. 
This do thon for m; love ; and so let him. 
As he regards hia agM fother's life. 

Marc. This will I do, and soon return again. [Exit. 

Tam. Now will I hence aboat th; business. 
And take m; ministers along with me. 

Tit. Na;, nay, let Bape and Marder sta; with me ; 
Or else I'll call m; brother back again. 
And cleave to no revenge bnt LndnB.'^*'' 

Tam. [rnide to Dem. and Chi.'] What sa; yon, bo;s ? will 
;oa abide'**** with him. 
Whiles I go tell m; lord the emperor 
How I have govem'd oar determin'd jest 7 
Yield to his hamoar, smooth and sp^ him &ir. 
And tarry mth him till I torn again. 

Tit. [aaidej I know them all, thongh they suppose me 
And will o'er-reach them in their own devices, — ^"^ 
A pair of cors^d hell-hoands and their dam. 


tarn II.] TITUS ANDB0KI0U8. U7 

Dem. [aside to 2'ain.] Madam, depart at pleasure ; leave 
QB here. 

Tarn. Farewell, Aitdronicns : Beveoge dow goeB 
To lay a complot to betray thy foea. 

Tit. I know thou dost ; and, Bweet Beveitge, farewell. 

[Exit Tamora. 

Chi. Tell ns, old man, how shall we be employ'd ? 

Tit. Tut, I have work eitoogh for yon to do. — ■ 
FablioB, come hither, Cains, and Valentine ! 

Unter Pubuds, Cahts, and VALBKnira. 

Ptth. What is your wUl ? 

TU. Know yon these two ? 

Pub. The empress' boqb, 
I take them, Chiron and Demetrius,'^''*' 

Tit. Fie, PnbliuB, fie ! thoa art too maoh deceiT'd, — 
The one is Murder, Rape is th' other's name ; 
And therefore bind them, gentle Pablius : — 
CaiuB and Valentine, lay hands on them : — 
Oft have yon heard me wish for such an hour. 
And now I find it ; therefore bind them sure ; 
And stop their months, if they begin to cry. [Exit. 

[Publius, ^c. lay hold on Chiron and Demetriits. 

Chi. Villains, forbear ! we are the empress' sons. 

Ptifc. And therefore do we what we are commanded. — 
Stop close their months, let them not speak a word. 
Is be sore bound ? look that yon bind them fast. 
Se^oiier TrroB, with L&vnriA ; he hearing a knife, and she a batin- 

Tit. Come, come, Lavinia ; look, thy foes are bonnd. — 
Sirs, stop their mouths, let them not speak to me ; 
Bat let them heat what fearfbl words I atter. — 
villains, Chiron and Demetrius ! 
Here stands the spring whom yon have staiu'd with mud ; 
This goodly summer with your winter mix'd. 
Yon kill'd her husband ; and for that Tile fenlt 
Two of her brotherB were coudemn'd to death, 
Uy hand cut (^, and made a merry jest ; 
Both her sweet hands, her tongue, and that more dear 
Than hands or tongue, her Bpotlesa chastity. 
Inhuman traitors, you constrain'd and foro'd. 


U8 TITDB ANDBOHIOrre. [mt ▼. 

Whftt wonld yoa say, if I should let yoa Bpeak ? 
Villaina, for shune yoa could not beg for grace. 
Hark, wrotclteB ! how I mean to martyr yoa. 
This one liaad yet is left to cat yoar tliroata. 
Whilst that Lavinia 'tween her stamps doth hold 
The basin that receives yoar guilty blood. 
Yoa know year mother means to feast with me. 
And calls herself Revenge, and thinks me mad : — 
Hark, Tillains ! I will grind yoar bones to dast, 
And with yonr blood and it I'll make a paste ; 
And of the paste a cofSn I will rear. 
And make two pasties of yoar shamefal heads ; 
And bid that strompet, yoar anhallow'd dam. 
Like to the earth, swallow her own increase. 
This ia the feaat that I hare bid her to, 
And this the banqaet she shall Borfeit on ; 
For worse thaa Philomel yoa as'd my daughter. 
And worse than Progne I will be reyeng'd ; 
And now prepare yonr throats. — Lavinia, come, 

[He cuts their ^Aroot*."*" 
Beceive the blood : and when that they are dead, 
Let me go grind their bones to powder small. 
And with this hateful liqaor temper it; 
And in that paste let their vile heads be bak'd. 
Oome, come, be every one officious 
To make this banquet ; which I wish may prove 
More stern and bloody than the Centaurs' feast. 

Now bring them in, for I will play the cook, 
And see them ready 'gainst their mother comes. 

^Exeunt, bearing the dead bodiet. 

Scene m. Cotirt q/Titcb's hotue : tablet tet out. 

Enter LtJCius, Marcuh, and Gothe, with Aabon priMnei; and hit 
Child in the at-nu of an Atteitdani ; oilier Attendanii. 
Luc. Uncle Marcus, since it is my father's mind°**' 
That I repair to Borne, I am content. 


scun mO Tmre ANDBONIOUS. S4» 

Fir$t Qoih. And ours with thine, beCall what fortune will. 

Imc. Good ancle, take yon in this barbaroas Moor, 
This Tavenons tiger, this accmBed deyil ; 
Let him receive no sustenance, fetter him, 
Till he be brought onto the empress' face. 
For testimony of her fonl proceedings : 
And see the ambnsh of onr fiiends be strong ; 
I fear the emperor means no good to ns. 

Aar. Some devil whisper cnrses in mine ear. 
And prompt me that my tongne may utter forth 
The venomons malice of my swelling heart ! 

Laic. Away, inhuman dog ! nnhallow'd slave ! — 
Sirs, help onr nncle to convey him in. 

\_Exeunt some Gotkt, with Aaron. Flourish icWiin^ 
The trumpets show the emperor is at hand. 

Eaier SATCBNiNrs arul Tauora, wilJi ^uiuus, Tribunea, 

ScBators, and others. 
Sat. What, bath the firmament more suns than one 9 
Lue. VHiat boots it thee to call thyself a snn ? 
Marc. Bome's emperor, and nephew, break the parle ; 
These quarrels most be quietly debated. 
The feast is ready, which the careful Titus 
Hath ordain'd to an honourable end, 
For peace, for love, for league, and good to Bome : 
Please yon, therefore, draw nigh, and take your phices. 
Sat. Marcns, we will. 

[Hauthoya sound. The Company sit down at table. 

Enter Titdb dresttd like a Cook, Latinja veiled, Youua Lucius, 
and others. TiTrB places the dishes on the table. 

Tit. Welcome, my gracious lord ; welcome, dread queen ; 
Welcome, ye warlike Goths ; welcome, Lucius ; 
And welcome, all : although the cheer be poor, 
'Twill fill your stomachs ; please you eat of it. 

Sat. Why art thou thus attii'd, Andronicus ? 

Tit. Because I would be sure to have all well, 
To entertain your highness and your empress. 

Tam, We are beholding to you, good Andronious. 

Tit. Aq if your highness knew my heart, you were.— - 


860 TITUS ANDBOSICVB. [act t. 

My lord the emperor, reBolve me this : 

Was it well dona of meh VirgininB 

To Bla; his daughter with his own right hand, 

Becaaaa she was enforo'd, et&in'd, and deflonr'd 7 

Sat. It WEB, AndronicnB. 

Tit. Your reason, mighty lord ? 

Sat. Because the girl Bhonld not Borvive her shame, 
And by her presence still renew hie sorrows. 

Tit. A reason mighty, strong, and'"" effectnal ; 
A pattern, precedent, and Urely warrant. 
For me, most wretched, to perform the like : — 
Die, die, Lavinia, and thy shame with thee; [KUU Lavinia. 
And with thy shame thy fabler's sorrow die ! 

Sat. What hast thou done, unnatural and onkiiid ? 

Tit. Eill'd her, for whom my tears have made me blind. 
I am as woful as Yirginius was. 
And have a thousand times more cause than he 
To do this outrage ; — and it now is done. 

Sat. What, was she ravish'd ? tell who did the deed. 

Tit. Will 't please you eat ? will 't please your highness 

Tarn. Why hast thon slain thine only danghter thns ? 

Tit. Not I ; 'twas Chiron and Demetrins : 
They rayieh'd her, and out away her tongue ; 
And they, 'twas they, that did her all this wrong. 

Sat. Go fetch them hither to us presently. 

Tit. Why, there they are both, bak^d in that pie ; 
Whereof their mother daintily hath fed. 
Eating the flesh that she herself hath bred. 
'Tie true, 'tis true ; witness my knife's sharp point. 

IKiUa Tamora. 

Sat. Die, frantic wretch, for this accursed deed I 

IKUh THiu. 

Luc. Con the son's eye behold his father bleed? 
There's meed for meed, death for a deadly deed ! 

[_KiUs Saturninua. A great tumult. Lucius, Marcui, 
and tlieir Partisans go up into a gallery. 

Marc. You sad-fac'd men, people and sons of Rome, 
By nproar"*'" seTcr'd, like a flight of fowl 
Scatter'd by winds and high tempestuous gusts. 


Kun m.] Trma Ain>Boinou8. ssi 

0, let me teach yon how to knit again 

Tbie soatter'd com into one mntnal aheaf. 

These broken limbs again into one body ; 

Lest Boms herself be bane unto herself,'"'' 

And Bhe whom mighty kingdoms conrt'sy to, 

Like a forlorn and desperate castaway, 

Do sbamefol execntion on herself. 

Bnt if my frosty signs and chaps of ago, 

Grave witoesseB of tme experience. 

Cannot induce yon to attend my words, — 

[To lAieiiu] Speak, Rome's dear friend: as erst our ancestor. 

When with his solemn tongue ho did disconrse 

To lore-sick Dido's sad-attending ear 

The story of that haleful-buiniug night 

When subtle Greeks Burpris'd King Priam's Trc^, — 

Tell OS what Sinon hath bewitch'd our ears. 

Or who hath brought the fatal engine in 

That gives our Troy, our Rome, the ciTiI wound. — 

My heart is not compact of flint nor steel ; 

Nor can I utter all our hitter grief. 

Bat floods of tears will drown my oratory, 

And break my utterance, even in the time 

When it shoold moTe you to attend me most, 

Lending your kind commiseration. 

Here is our^**' captain, let him tell the tale ; 

Your hearts will throb and weep to hear him speak. 

Luc. Then, noble aaditoiy, be it known to you 
That curs^ Gbiron and Demetrius 
Were they that murdered our emperor's brother ; 
And they it wore that ravished oar sister : 
For their fell fault our brothers were beheaded ;°^ 
Oar father's tears despis'd, and basely cozen'd 
Of that trae hand that fought Rome's quarrel out. 
And sent her enemies unto the grave. 
Lastly, myself unkiDdly banishM, 
The gates shut on me, and tum'd weeping out, 
To beg relief among Rome's enemies ; 
Who drown*d their enmity in my true tears. 
And op'd their arms t' embrace me as a friend : 
I am Uie tuni'd forth,***^ be it known to you. 



That have pieBarv'd her vel&re in my blood ; 

And from lier boBom took the enemy's point, 

Sbeatbing the steel in my adTOntaroua body. 

Alaa, yon know I sm no Tsanter, I ; 

My Bears can witne&B, dnmb although they are, 

That my report is jast and fall of tmth. 

Bat, soft ! methinks I do digress too much. 

Citing my worthleBS praise : 0, pardon me ; 

For when no friends are by, men praise themselvefl. 

Marc. Now is my tnm to speak. Behold this child, — 
[Pointing to the Child in the OTma of an Attendant, 
Of this was Tamora delivered ; 
The issue of an irreligioas Moor, 
Chief architect and plotter of these woes : 
The 'villain is alive in Titns' hoase, 
Danm'd as he is,"*'' to witness this is tme. 
Now jndge what canse'"'*' had Titos to revenge 
These wrongs, unspeakable, past patience. 
Or more than any living man conid bear. 
Now yon have heard the tmth, what say yon, Bomans ? 
Have we done aught amies, — show us wherein, 
And, from the place where you behold ns now. 
The poor remainder of Andronici 
Will, hand in hand, all headlong cast ns down. 
And on the raggM stones beat forth our brains. 
And make a mntnal closure of our house. 
Speak, Romans, speak ; and if you say we shall, 
Lo, hand in hand, Lacius and I will fall. 

^mil. Come, come, thou reverend man of Bome,'^*" 
And bring oar emperor gently in thy hand, 
Lucius our emperor ; for well I know 
The common voice do cry it shall be so. 

Romans. Lucius, all hail, Bome's royal emperor t 

Mare, [p Attendantf] Oo, go into old Titus' sorrowfdlt 
And hither hale that misbelieving Moor, 
To be adjudg'd some direfal-slanghtering death, 
As ponisliment for bis most wicked life. 

{Exeunt tome Attendant$.- 


ecxsx m.] TITUS ANDBOKIGUS. 353 

Lucius, Marcus, &c. descend, 
EomariB. Lncins, all hail, Rome's gracious goTernor I 
Lite. Thanks, gentle Romans:"**' may I govern so, 

To heal Home's harms, and wipe awa; her voe ! 

Bat, gentle people, give me aim"*" awhile, — 

For nature pnts me to a heary task : — 

Stand all aloof; — ^bnt, nncle, draw yon near, 

To shed obsequious tears npon this trunk. — 

0, take this warm kiss on thy pale cold lips, [Kissing Tittta. 

These aorrowfal drops npon thy blood-stain'd face,*"*" 

The last trae duties of thy noble son ! 

Marc. Tear for tear, and loving kiss for kiss. 

Thy brother Marcus tenders on thy lips: 

0, were the sum of these that I should pay 

Coontless and infinite, yet would I pay them ! 

Zmc. Come hither, boy ; come, come, and learn of us 

To melt in showers : thy grandsire lov'd thee well: 

Many a time he danc'd thee on his knee. 

Sung thee asleep, his loving breast thy pillow; 

Many a matter hath he told to thee. 

Meet and agreeing with tbine infancy; 

In that respect, then, like a loving child. 

Shed yet some small drops from thy tender spring, 

Because kind nature doth require it so: 

Friends should wsociate friends in grief and woe : 

Bid him farewell ; commit him to the grave ; 

Do him that kindness, and take leave of him. 

Young Luc. grsndsire, grandsire 1 even with all my 

Would I were dead, so you did live again ! — 

Xiord, I cannot speak to him for weeping ; 

My tears will choke me, if I ope my month. 

Se^nter Atteadanta tcitk Aakov. 

yfJmtl. Yon sad Andronici,"'^ have done with woes ; 
CKvo sentence on this execrable wretch. 
That hath been breeder of these dire events. 

/.tic. Set him breast-deep in earth, and famish him ; 
There let him stand, and lave, and cry for food: 



If any one relieves or pities him, 

For ihe offence he dies. This is oar doom: 

Some stay to Bee bim fasten'd in the eartb. 

Aar. 0, why shonld wrath be mate, and fniy dumb ? 
I am no baby, I, that witb baae prayers 
I shonld repent the evils I have done: 
Ten thonsand worse than ever yet I did 
Would I perform, if I might have my will: 
If one good deed in all my life I did, 
I do repent it from my very eoul. 

Luc. Some loving friends convey the emperor hence. 
And give bim barial in bis father's grave : 
My father and Lavinia shall forthwith 
Be closed in our boasebold's monnment. 
As for that heinous tiger, Tamora, 
No foneral rite, nor man in monming weeds. 
No monmfol beU**^ shall ring her burial ; 
But throw her forth to beasts and birds of prey: 
Her life was beast-like, and devoid of pity; 
And, being so, shall have like want of pity. 
See justice done on Aaron, that damn'd Moor, 
By whom our hea'vy hapa had their beginning: 
Then, afternaids, to order well the state. 
That like events may ne'er it ruinate. [^ExeaiU. 



P. 285. (i) "Optn tlu galf, and Ut me in. 

Bu. TrUmna, and mt, a poor eom^litoT." 
Hr. CoUier'a Hb. Correotor Babatitates "Open the bnzen gala," See. ; Ur. 
Collier obaerriog that " ihs epltiiei wm, doubtlssE, aooident&Ity omitted." 
Bat, if any thing hsB dropiiod out, it was mneb more likely (on acconnt 
of the next speech) to have been irhst Capell inaertB, — "Open tin gate; 
tribnneF, and let toe in," 

P. 286. (3) "mg" 

The old eda. have "thy." — "Mr. Warbortoii and I concurred to Emepect 
that the poet mote 'in my monmlng weeds,' i.e. Titns would saj, 'Thoa, 
Bome, art Tiotoiionfl, though I am a moDmer for those sona which I haTc 
lost in obtAining that victtny.' " TaB0BAU>. — "Bead'nt^' with Wftrbarton. 
This seems warranted bj the whole tenor of the speech." W. N. Lbitsou, 
—with whom I qoite agree, though Johnson says, "we ma; snp^ae the 
Bomans, in a gratefol oeramony, meeting the dead song of Aiidronicui with 
moomfnlhabitai" and Steevens, "or that the; were in mouminB for their 
emperor, who was joet dead" [wUoh note Steerens has partly borrowed 
from Capell'B strange defeiMM of "thy," viz. that " 'Some' was in ' mourning 
meidt' at this time, navoktiTELT trsuana, toe an emperor whom she had 
just bnry'd") . 

P. 386. (4) "her" 

So the (onrth folio,— The earlier eds. hare " his," 

P. 2B6. (;) " That 10 the thadoiet be not uaappeat'd" 
" Nat the shadows of the slain Andronici, hut the thadmet in a general sense, 
Nnifrra, ilanet, t1 idirm, the powers beneath." Walker's Crit. Exam. &c. 
ToLiiLp. 31S. — Here Walker writes rather hastily: "the shadows" of the 
dead Androniei >re oertainly meant; and most probably Ur. Collier's Ms. 
Coireetor is right in reading "their thadoat:" — compare, in the third speech 
after this, 

" T' appeaie their groaning thaiovt that ate gone." 

P. 387. (6) " ill her lent," 

"i.«. in the tent where the and the other Trojan oaptire women were kept; 
for thither Beenba 1^ a wile bad decoyed Polymnestor, in order to pcrpt*- 



tr&la Iier reTsaga. TUa we 11117 kwii Iran EntiindM'i Heeute," fte. Tbbo- 
BiLD.—TIia old ada.b>Ta "in his Itnt." — Tbsiniha «I thii ipeeeli (oartaiitly 
not Shakespemre) teenu to liftT* b«en ntlter faaiUu with the clAseiea. 

P. 287. (7) "!*«■■' 

The <d(l ed>. have "the." — "Read 'her' [with B«we]. or pertutpa 'lk«w.' '' 
Walker's Crit. Exam. Sic. toI. iii. p. 21<i. 

P. 287. (S) " the eoffln laid in the tomb." 

So the qaaiiot {" lag the Coffin in theTombt"), — The folio has "the Coffins;" 
hut compare the earlier stage-direction, p. 28o, " lao ilea bearing a ooffln 
. , , . $et dmca the etd&n," — From the language naad by Titna while ipeab- 
Ing 'of hii dead sons. Mr. W. N. Lettsom thinks that "the aathor oonld 
■earcely haTe intended onl; one coffin to be produced : the eompanj, no 
doubt, exhibited otHj one coCBa becaiue they poBKeaed no mora." 

P. 287. (9) "repote you here," 

" Old copies, rednndantlj in respect both to Benee and metre, ' repoee yon. 
here tn reil.' " Btkbiens. Nay, most ridicnional}' in respect to sense. 

P. 287. (10) "Here groa no dastjied grudgei, here no ilornu," 

The qoartos and the folio have " here are no ilormri," — The editor of 

the second folio omits "art;" which Walker seemH not to have known, 
when he remarked as follows on the present line; "Qn. 'gmdge';' for the 
snpernniDeTary syllable is, I think, altogether alien to the metre of this play. 

Or did the anthor wiite ' here no ilormt' I 'here' for 'here are,' m 

Latlniam." Shakeiptare'i VeriiJIeation, i:e. p. 364. 

P. 288. (it) "proclamation*" 

Ur. Ctdlier's Ma. C<nTeatoT changes "proclamationi" to "aoolamations:" but 
compare, in p. 391, the words of Batnrninns, on his being chosen emperor, 
"Proclaim onr hononrs, lords, with tmmp and dnrai.'" 

P. 288. (11) "abroach" 

So the tliird folio.— The eariler eds. ban "abroad." 

P. 269. (■]] "Tittti, thou ihatt olirain and ait the empery." 


Thou Shalt,' lie. 
Is not Harcns's a broken speech f He is going to add ' for Batuminni,* 
when be is interrupted by BBtnminns himself. See oonteit. ' Obtain and 
ask' ia meant for a Latino-poetical Srrfpm rpirifior. The author ot Udi 
first Bcl, and of the other parts, evidently aims at the classical. '■ Walker's 
Ctii. iCiam. Ice. voL iiL p. 316. 


.soMHfc] TITU8 AHDB0NI0U8. B67 

P. 3W. (14) •• SaluriUn«." 

H«i« the <dd tds. httTS "BatnrninQB;" bnt three timea atterwMdB in the 
prasent page thej luve "iSntamrnf." 

P. 989. (ij) "friendt," 

So the third tolki. — The earlier eds. have " friend." 

P. 290. {16) "empreu," 

Bere, m in sotne other pMsagea ot this dranui, " tmpreu" ii to be pro- 
noimoed aa a tnayllaUe. (Several of the modern editors print "etRperu*," 
^-uid incoiuiBtentlj, for in the preaent pla; wliere " brtlJunn" miwt be read 
ai a triajllable the; do not pint "bretheren.") 

P. 290. (17) "Pdrakton" 

Bo the aeoond folio.— The earlier eda. have " Pathan." 

P. 290. (ig) "Now, madam, are you pritoner to an emperor;" 
" We ahonld read, I think [Shakeipeart'i VertiJUation, Art ixv*.), 
' Now, madam, y'are priaoner to an emperor.' " 

Walker'a Crit. Ezam. *o. voL iiL p. 218. 

P. 2»L(i9) "euiqut" 

"(FoL 'eulquam' [the Itnt qnaito 'oniqnm']). Pronotmee 'euijiw.' Cui 
and huie — vUch in andent Latin poeti? {with the exception of Seneoa, 
f.ff. Tro. S61, 

' QnoUbet trittia nuaeiaa prooella 
Hittat, et donet ooiennqne term') 
are fonnd only, 1 believe, in the earlf and verj late writers — were in the 
schools of Shakespeare's time pronooneed as diss7llablea, as thej are still, 
perhaps In aome of the Beotch ones ; and were anppoaed to be admlsaibla 
in Latin vene composed after the Angnstan models. See, for instanoe, 
Casimli Barbievins." Walker's Crit. Exam. &e. vol. ill, p. 316. 

P. 291. (10) 

" Sat. No, Titiu, no; flu enptror need* her not," lie. 
In the old eila. this ii preoeded b; a stage-direetion, "Eitter aloft tMt Bmp€- 
rour leilk Tamora and her two KHmet, and Aaron the Hoore." — Hr. OoUier 
is jaitifled in remarking that "the stage-arrangameiits in this soene are not 
•aailj' nnderstood." 

P. 291. (11) " WaM there non* eUe in Rome to ma)u a ttale," 

80 the aecxmd folio, ezoapt that it has '■ to make a itaU of."— The 

-earlier eds. have " Wa* none in Rome to uutke a itaU." — Mr. Knight thinks 



that lie hM set all riglit hj a new unngement (whioh the Batlior eridentlr 
did not intend] ; 

" Wat nont in Rome W ranJ« a »(ab but Saturnine I 

Full well, Androiiicui, 

Agree thcte detdt," Ice. 
Walker (Cri(. Exam. ftc. vol. ii. p. 260) proposes >^ What, ma* there noM in 
Borne" Ice, 

P. 3S3. (ii) "emprts," 

See note i6. 

P. 292. (13) "Ateeni, fair queen, Tantheon." 

As earlier in the present scene we find "the P&ntheon," Walker obeervafl- 
that here "possililr the KoXtita ■KnAe ' Ateend, fair qvten, ike Fdntheon."' 
Shalittpeare'i Vertification, &c. p. 216. 

P. 393. (14) "He » not Kith hinuel/;" 

"Noil e$t petiee leipitim, apud eeipitim." Walker's Crit. Exam. *c. voL iii. 

P. 299. (1;) "Dear father, «ouI and lUbtUinee ofui all,—" 
On this line Mr. Collier, in the second edition othis Shahupeare, remarks, 
"There is a somewhat similar passage in Marlowe's Baccod Part of ' Tam- 
borlaine the Great,' where Amyras eiolaims to hla father, 

'Thy Eonl giTcs eEsenoe to out wretched sabBtance.' 

Marlowe's Works, by Dyoe, L 282, 
By a sfognlsT, bnt nnqnestionable misprint, ' snlistasce' is lubjeett in the 
old copies, and so the tsmt is allowed to stand, twice otct, in the reprint 
of 1850." 

The passage of Tamburlaine is; 

YoOT Bonl gires OMence to our wretdied tuiyectt. 

Whose matter is incorporate in yonr flesh. 

Cel. Tovr pains do picroe our sonls ; no hope smriTes, 

For by your life we entertain oar lives. 

Tamb. But, sons, this nhjeet, not of foroe enongh 

To hold the flery spirit it contains, 

Unet paif, imparting his imprean«aiB 

Bj eqnal port^ns into both yoor breasts," Ac; 
and "I allowed the speeches to stand" as abore, not only in " the reprint of 
1860," bnt in that of 1868, vhm 3fr. Coilin-'i tmtndalion, " anhsUaee,"* 
tra# not unknown to me; tea the words "luyecli" and "iu\>itet" are c«rto 
tertivi the laognage of Marbwe, thongh Mr. Collier bo dogoaticaUy pro- 

■ SKhlaPntMetoO>l(rW^V«n»£*iMr«HM»(>«w»it<ndJnUM,lWS,p.OKTiU. 



noancea them to be wrong. CompRre, id the same play, the speech of 
TkiidiDTlaiiie befoie Idlluig bU eon ColjpluiE ; 

"Here, Jove, receire his ftuaticg Boal again ; 

A hum not meet to give that tubjiei eessnce 

WhoM matter is the fleih of Tarnhnrlune, 

VheMin an incorporeal apirit morei, 

Hade of the mould whereof thjself oonsiata," An. Act iy. ac. 1. 
and the ftdlowiog Uoea in Chapman's Continnation oF Marlowe's Hero and 

"Then, ho, most strangely-intellectaal fire, 

That, proper to my sonl, haat power t' inepiie 

Her bnniing faonltiea, and with the wingg 

Of thy oiuphergd flame Tisit'st the springB 

Of spirita immortal t Ifow (as awitt as Time 

Doth follow Motion] And th' eternal clime 

Of bis free soul, wkoee living iubjeet stood 

Up to the chin in the Pierian flood. 

And drank to me half this Mnsieaa story. 

Inscribing it to deathless memory," tc. Third Se$tiad, 

It only reuMiQB for Mr. Collier boldly to assert that in the two passagea tut 
cit«d "n^tel" is a misprint tor " snbttanoe." 

P. aw. {»6) "and aiie Laertet' ton 

Did gracivmly pUadf&r hii fuaerali :•' 
See note on the passage in Juliut Catar, Ht t, m. S, 

" Bis/uRfralf ahall not be in onr camp," Sm. 

lit lixei in fame that ditd in vtrtue'i catue." 
Capell prints 

" Lue. There lye thy bones, sweet Mntins, with thj friends. 
Till we with tropbicB do adorn thy tomb 1 — 
No man ahed tears for noble Matias ; 
He lires in fame, that dy'd in virtne'S eanae. 

ail. No man, &c. [Tomb cloi'd." 

and he obserres in his Notti, Ac. toI. ii. P. iT. p. 103 ; " That the assiatanta, 
after Mntins, ahonld aU prononnoe nnpreparedly the laaie aolemn 
farewell to him {at has been directed Wl now) is not to be oonceiv'd ; bnt 
a repeating: it by them (after a flnt prononnaing] is aSectiog and natural," 
tc — The stage- arrangements in this scone are (aa already noticed) soffi- 
mently pnziUng. Alter the line, "He liva in fatnt that," tie., the qnartoa 
hare "Exit alt but Marcut and Tilut;" while the folio has merely "Exit." 
The wota of Titai are on the stage towards the eloae o( this ecene : and we 
can hardly anppose that they go ont here, to return, only eight lines after, 
with Basaanins and Lannia. 



P. 294. («l) " that dreary dwrnpi,—" 

Bo the qnutofl {"thtte dririe duiH])*"). — The Inliolua "that indden diuv*," 
JEc; nUab Mr. Collier ad I. ttje "U oridenUj vrgng;" «iid which I for- 
merlj fin my Rcnarkt on Jlfr. CotUer't and Mr. KnighCi ed*. of Sluitte- 
ipeare, &o. p. 116) pronounced to be k misprint for " Ihete Bollen JuMpt." 
I haxe iioee fonad, however, the wme eip«B^on in Spennr'R 62d Sonnet ; 
" There let no thoagU of ioj, ot pleMnre tidne, 
D«M to approob, that may mj eolaee breed; 
Bnt tudden dum|w, and drer; sod diBdkfne 
Of all wortd* glftdnesse, more my torment feed." — 
At all erentE, the reading of the qanrtoB is preferable here on aoootmt of the 
word " tudd^n" in the next line bnt one. 

P. 29i. (19) "Uarc. Yci, and iclll iioblij him reiiuintratt." 
This line, which ii wanting in the qnartoa, fonuj a portion of the pr«cediiig 
speech in the folio ; but it clearly belongs to Marcns. (" I anspect," obserT«« 
Halone, "when it was added hj the editor of the folio, he inadTerteuti; 
omitted to prefix the name of the speaker.") 

P. 396, {30) "atUlioT" 

" The Latin me of aaetor." Walker's Crit. Exam. te. itA. iU. p. 317. 

P. 298. (3.) 

"I do remit thete young nun'* ftdnou* fauU*. 

[Uarcos and the others rise. 
Laetnia, though ^ou t^t me likt a churl,'' 
The old eda. have 

"I doe remit theie young meru haynont faulU, 
BUnd Tp : Laairiia, though you left me like a ehurle ;" 
where " Stand Tp" ia sTidently a atage- direction th«t hu crept into the text. 

P. 297. (31) "ic,'(" 

In my former edition I reoiarked ; " Though Tamora (as Johnson obserres) 
is eminent throaghont this play for her 'ait,' yet in the present passage 
Warbnrton'E alteration of 'ait' tc 'will' (whloh Is also made by Hr. Col- 
lier's Mb, Corrector) seems to snit the context better." Bnt I now think the 
alteration a rash one. Tamora owed her advasoement to her "vit," i.e. 
wisdom, sense, oleTemess. (Compare " onr empreea, with her sacred iril," 
ftc. p. SOO; "onr tcitty empress," p. 827 ; " Uigh-aitud Tamoim," p. S86; 
"Whose uinJont hath her fntnne otrnqoerM," p. 292 ; "thembtlt Queen of 
aetht," p. au.) 

P. 287. (jj) " To mount aloft tBith thy imperial mietru; 
And mount herpUeh." 
" Perhaps ' To toar aloft.' " Walker's Crit. Exam. tee. vol. L p. 290. 


wwBB.] Tirna audbonicos. set 

p. 398. (j4) "graeioiu, thu" 

T^ idd eda. b»T« "|iFa«i(nu, or th««." 

P. 398. (jj) "AudfUad HI}/ pattioju for Lavinia'4 l«pt." 
Her* Bofre Bltered "jutMiotu" to " pMiion." — Bnt □ompu'e The Fint Part 
^^RingBenry TJ. actv, bo. 6; 

"Do breed tove'l settled piuifoni in m; heart." 

P. 399. (]6) "BtlUr than he have teom Vntean'i badge." 
" ' Worn' U here med be k dua;Usble. The modern editon, howerer, ftfter 
Uie Mocnd folio, read 'bave y<t iron).'" iliLoss. 

P. 800. (37) "JWUi," 

Perhapt'T Wai." 

P. 800. (]g) " .j fjMAUer count than Ungering languUhmetit 

mutt ge jmrtue," 
The old eds. bsve 

"A tpeeditr count thig lingering langaUhment 

Xutt we puriut." — 
Sowe mbsUtnted "than" foi "thu" (wbioh was most probnUj repealed bj 
miaUke from the preceding line) ; and Huuner altered "we" (0 "Jf*" — oo 
doabt rightly ; for in tlus sentenee " we" ia not to he defended hj a later 
part of the present epeeoh, "onr empreaa. . . . Will ae acqn^nt vith all 
that w« intend" (and aee note 49 tor another example of "ye" miiprinted 

P. SO . (39) >> the mam ff bright and gray," 

Hamner and Mr. CoUier'a Mb. Correotor read " bright and gay," &e. ; 

most improperly, — " gray" ia«ixdag "bine," "aznre," aa nnmerons paaaagea 
might be addnoed to show. E.g. Peele, in hia Old Wivee' Tale, has 
" The day ia clear, the welkin bright and grey," tie. 

Worki, p. 416, ed. Dyee, 1861. 

P. sol. (40) "Ipromliid your grace a huTiter't peal. 

Sat. And you have rang it liutily, my lord;" 

The old eda. have " luitily, my Lorda :" bnt Satnminna ia erident^ 

addreaaing Tltoa alone. 

P. WM. (41) "roM&T' 

Ur. C<dlier'a Ui. Corrector inbRtitntea "coiled:" bnt oonpare, in the next 
- apeeoh, " Eten aa an adder when abe doth unroll." 


am TITUS Ain>ItOHI0UB. [Honw. 

p. 803. (41) " ShmOd drivt upon," tee. 

•"IMtttipon the [lA^] limfet' U an eiprenion whidi loggMt* no iiMiga to U>e 
ttncj. I shonld Etippow the aotliOTirroU 'S/umldOain upon the [lAyJRMO- 
traniformid limtn,' that is, after haTinj; torn mi deronred thsm." Hkith. — 
In mj former edition, donbtfiig if to " drivt (i. e. nuh violently) on luibb" lie 
A Domhiitatioii of words wbioh would ertr htva pieBenlod itaeU to the mind 
of a writer, I adopted the reading of Mr. Collier's Ma. Cotreotor, "Shtntlddine 
upon," lee. 

P. 804. (,3) 
The old ede. haTO " notice." 

P. 3M. (^ "haver 

So the lecond foliq. — The earlier edi. read " I h>i>e." 

P. 80*. (4s) 
Capell enbgtitnted "bare." 

P. 305. (46) "Orbtnot" 

The old eds. have "Or 6e ye MOl."— "Dele 'y«' [the word ' cAiWren' in UdB 
line heing a trisyllable]." Walker's Shakespeare't Venificatiim, fte. p. SB. 
Bat Capell had already made the oorreotion. 

P. 805. (47) " thy" 

The earliest qaatto has " the." 

P. 806, (48) 

"And with thalpainted hope the bravei your mishtintli :" 
The "the" wag inserted by the editor of the second foUo; and withont tome 
anoh addition the line is not Tene of any kind. — "Painted hope ii only epe- 
eioiH hope, or ground of confidence more plaatiblt thaa tolid." Johhboh. — 
" The rnggedneiB of this line pennades me that the word 'hope' ia an inter- 
polation, the seiue beinK complete withont it ; 

'And with that painted, braTes yoni mightiness.' 
So in King Eichard III. ; 

'PooTfainMii qneen,' &o. 
'Painted with' is rpecioutly eatoured with." Btietzrs (whose emendation 
appeara to me highly improbable). — Ur. Collier'a Hb, Cocreotor reada, with 
hie nsnal boldness, 

"And aith that painted thtige ihe h-««M your might." 



P. -805. (49) 

"But vihen yt havt the honey ye deitri, ■ 
Let not thit Miup outlive ye, both to Iting." 
Th« two qnartM and the folio re&d 

"But ahen ye haue the konny we deiire. 
Let not thii matpe otit-iiue tb both to iling." — 
In the first line the editor of the second folio ri^Uy altered " we" to " ye :" 
bat the Becond line (as far aa I knoir) hoe hitherto remained nnoorrected 
(and sheer noneenae), thoogh " ub" Lb manifeBtl; an error eonseqaent on the 
preceding error " we." 

P. 306. (jo) " haleh a lark .-" 

Walker {CVi(. Exam. tc. vol. i. p. 73) BnapecU that after these words a line 
has dropt ont. 

P. 806. (51) "paiBt' 

Altered by Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector to " claws ;" but nnneeessatily. " la 
the deseriptioa of the Barpies [^ntid. iii. 233] Phaer translates Virgil's 
fedibut nnel* hj 'crooked paws.'" W. N. Lbttsom. 

P. 806. (5») •• I pitileti." 

The second fdia has " I no9 pitilei*." 

P. 806, (si) "her, me" 

Theoldeds. haTe "her, andiuf." 

P. 807. (S4) "give" 

Am Ht. Collier eipressl]' states that snoh ia the reading of the earliest qoaitOr 
asd aa aeveral other editor* silently adopt it, I niut oonolnde tfaot ''give" 
Is to be fonnd in some copy (or copies} of that qnarto, though the tapj of 
it DOW before me agrees with the later old eda, in reading "hare." (It 
ia well known that early-printed oopiea of playa of the same edition ooea- 
^mally diflbi in their leadings, — alterations having bean made while they 
were at preaa.) 

P. 809. (sj) "grlee'd aiih killing grief." 

"I beljete we ahonld read 'gnaa'iT [instead of 'jiriev'd'j." Walker's Grit. 
Exam. Ac. toI. 1. p. 386. 

P. 810. {56) ■' their" 

Ur. Collier's Ma. Correotor rahatltates " this :" bnt " their" is qnite right 



P. 310. (S7) "tht" 

Mr. CoUier'i Mb. Correotor Robstitates " their." 

P. 810. (ji) 

" So, now go Ml, an If tby tongue can speak. 

Who 'iH>at that cut ihi/ toR|ru« and ravUb'd thee." 

" RetA ' Who 'tw that cnt il out uid TSTish'd thee.' ' Cut' for ' ent out' u 

nnobjectioDable ; bat It U evident tliat ' thy tongue' intmded from the Una 

Abore, ejecting 'ft;' aftcrwuds ' out' seema tohiTe been omitted ob metrum," 


P. 810. {59) "teroKl." 

60 the qnartoi. — The lelio hu "Eoowle ;" irhioh ii giren ^7 Ckpell, who ob- 
serres Out " 'tcovl' mckus — ahev her »ng;er: icroicU, a word adopted bj- 
modems, ig no English one ; nor, ahonld we pronounce it an mtdt uid •erou [ 
me«at by it, will it then he eligible, tor BorawUag with aigna and tokens ia 
not English neither." Note; &e. »oL iL P. iv. p. 108. 

P. 810. (6o) "cote," 

Though tlie copy of quarto 1600, whi<di ia now before me, agreea hen with 
the aabteqaeiit tHA eds. in having "oMue," I am not Bare that aome otlier 
cop7 of that qnuto doea not read "cate;" see note j^.. 

P. 811. (61) "your htubandr—" 

Haimier printed "your hualHitiilf aaj." 

P. 811. {6x) " Ajid might not gain $0 great a ha^inett 
At have thy loveV 
The old eda. have "Ai halle thj/ loue." — When I, long ago, corrected the ob- 
vio<u eiTor lo this paeaage, I waa not aware that Theobald had antioipatel 
me ; tor the Varior. Shakeipeare git es the old reading without any oomment : 
nor ooold I know that Mr. ColUer'a Ma. Corrector had ohanged (or waa to 
change] " Iialfe" to " liave." {On looking into Capell'a Notei, Ac, I find that 
he t^na defenda the old reading; "Where had been the nniUneaa, had Mai- 
CUB saidin tliia place— ^lan^ part of thy lao^f yet this i* eaid by him; only 
a certain term is made nae of in room of an nnoertain, after the oaage of 
poets." Vol. iL P. It. p. 103. " Ant piar of thy love" .'— conld the " tinfit- 
nOBB" of "half thy lore" be more olearly ahownf) 

P. 811. t6j) "him,'- 

The old eds. have " then." 

P. 811. {64) " lfcr«" 

Hanmer'i NffreoUon.— The old eda. have ''theyr" and "their." 



P. 811, (6s) "heaTir 

"Sm tlie context. Fol. 'hart' [and bo the qnsrtosj, > common mode ofepell* 
in^htart. Bead ' hvrt.' 'Hart' occnrB three linos belov; vhenoe the error."' 
Walker's Grit. Exam. &c. toI. L p. 290. 

P. 312. (M) " Which tJiat laiti tongut hath laade," 
It ia T9TJ onlikelr that the ftnthor intended an imperfect line her«. Sir I. 
Hanmer printed " Which that neeet tongue of thine hath often made;" Mr. 
Collier's He. Corrector gir«8 " Which that taect tongue hath made in miit- 
Btretej' ;" and the reader, if " tha goda haTo made him poetical," can com- 
plete the line In aome other vay. 

P. 812. (67) 

"For Uco-and-taenty tont I never Kept, 
Beeaute they died in houoar'i lofty btd. 
For then, thete, tribunet, in the dutt Itcrile 

[Throwing himself on the ground. 
Sty heart'i deep languor and my lOuVt tad teart : 
Xitl my teari itaneb the tarth'i dq/ appetite;" 
In the third line the iecond " thete" was added bjr the editor of the Eeoood 
folio: bnt Malone prints "For thete, good Iribunei," Aa. In the foorth line- 
Walker (Cri(, Exam. &e. toI. I. p. 2SB) jnetlj regards the wori " teart" as 
yerj inspicioni ; and Mr. Collier's Mb. Corrector reflotB that line thng, 

"jtfy heart'i deep HDgai«h in my toiil't tad teart." — 
Mr. W. N. Lettsom voold read 

" For oite-and-tirenly lant I ttever tuepl, 
Beeauie they died in koaour'i lofty bed. 
For thete two, tribtinei, ia the dutt I tmite," &e. : 
and be obgerres; '''Tmo' is the eonjeclnra of Zacharjr Jackson. Titus had 
26 Boni, of whom one was tnnrdered by his father, two are here going tv 
eieention, and Lndns ontlives tho plsj. This leaves 21 to have ' died iu 
bononr'a lofty bed.' " 

P. 818. (61) "unw," 

Banmcr's correction. — Tho old eds. have " mines." 

P. BIS. {69) " tribmut! gentle," 

The old ed*. have '■ Tribune*, oh gentle." 

P. 818. (70) 

" Tit. Why, 'til no matter, man : if the^ did hi 
They Konld not mark me ; arif they did nark, 
Thry teould not pity me. Yet plead I mutt : 


3Se TITnS ANDRONIOUa [wows. 

ATld bootleit unto tlient linei I eontplain. 

Therefore I tell my torrowi to the ilontt ;" 
In thii pasugo I giTe the rMdii^ of the euliMt qnaiio, adding th« word* 
" Hntc I eomplaia ;" Bomethitig to that effect hftTing eiidently dropt out. — 
The qiULTta of 1611 has 

" TitoB. Why tit tiD matter man, if tluy did heart 

They aottld not marke mt, or if they did marie. 

All bootUae vnto them. 

Therefore 1 tell my lorToaet booties to the itonw," Ac. 
The foUo has 

"H. Why tie no matter man, if theij did heare 

They would >uil marke me: oh if they did heare 

They would not piltg me. 

Therefore I tell my torrowei hootlM to the ttonei," &o. 

P. 81*. (71) "my" 

AAieA in the eecoai folia. 

P. 8H. (71) " Where, like a itceet meladloai bird, it mnj 
Sweet-earied tiotei," 
The "itsMl" in the Arat lino iajnEtlf marked JasBiupieioMbrWatkeF, Crit. 
Exam. Sec. Tol. i. p. 289. 

P. 816. (73) " at" 

The old edg. have " in." 

P. 816. (74) "hU" 

lo the fourth folio. — The aailier eie. have " her." 

P. Sie. (75) " With ali my heart, m tend the emperor 
ily hand:" 
Sinee " king" and "emperor" are applied to the game personage in this plar 
(see, for instanoe, the preeeding speech), it seems probable that here the 
ftothor wrote 

" With all my heart, ril tend the king nt^ hand," 
as Capell printed; and aaWallwr conjeotareB, Crit. Exam. te. toI. ii. p. 381. 

P. 817. (76) " the enemy'* cattle f" 

Hare "eaitle" is a Torj donbtfol reading indeed, thongh the more recent . 
editors are satisSedwith it, becanse Grose has said; "The eai[[< was pei- 
bapt afigniative name for a dote bend-piece, dedaced from its (nclosinganl 


wiH.] TITU8 ANDBONICDa. 807 

del esdiiig the head, u ■ cutle did the whole body ; or b oonnpUon from the 
old FrcDoh word eoMquitel, » amall at li^t hebnet." TreatUe on AneieiU 
ArMOur, &a. p. 243, ed. 1601. — Theobfild printed "the enemies' oosqae." — 
Wftlker Buje, ' ' Bead ' creit,' or rather, I think, ' the emmiei' erettt.' (I thon^t 
sJgo of eatke, Le. catqut; bnt this eeeme Ter^ nulikel;)." Crit. Exam. Ibo. 
vol. ilL p. 219. — "Bead 'the enemies' oaBqneB.' I do not see what made 
'eatgue' leem 'very nnlikel;' to Walker; hat, in any case, I think the plural 
neoeisaTj. Heath seema to me to hare completely demolished Warhnrton. 
A» to the paasafeB qooted from TrailiM ami Creuida 
\_' Diomed, 
Btand fast, and wear a cattle on thy bead.' Act t. eo. S], 
from Holinshed, and the History of Prinoe Arthnr, they are not to the pnr- 
poae, H in all three 'cattle' evidently meuui eh£ltau." W. N. Lettbov. 

P. ai7. (77) " Sal I leill uu the axe." 

" Metre teqnirai Si to read [with Hannier and Mr. Collier'E Mb. Correotor] 
' But I win nM ft.'" BTsarsNe. 

P. SIS. (7S) "lerttehed tear*," 

Walker reads "ifietchas' lean." Crit. Exam. to), vol iiL p. BIB. (Qy. waa 
the author of this play here — as sometimes in other pMsages — affecting 
the (daSBiealF •Di'Otunit i\*>irir i^ i^&n SiKfutr tlBiv- Homer, Orf. 

P. 318. (79) "Art not my iottowi deep, having «o bottomt 
Xhen be my pauioTu boUomlett with them." 
The old eds. have " Is not mg sorrow detp," &c. Bnt, on acconnt ol the fol- 
lowinfi " thaa," the plnral is absolntely required here ; and in all probabili^ 
the aatkor wrote (aeeordiug to the not nnnsnal phraseology of the Idme) " I« 
not my lorrotBt deep," toi. 

P. 818. (So) "Wow.'" 

So the seoond folio. — The earlier eds. hate " flow." 

P. 818. (81) " Thy griefi their iport, thy retolution taoek'd .-" 
The earliest qaarto has " Thy griefe theyr sports ; Thy," £c. : the later eds. 
read " Thy griefet their sports : Thy," Sic. (In the next page we have " thy 

P. 819. (!i) " thf" 

The old eds. have " my." 



P. 820. (gj) 

" Lavinia, thou thalt be tmploy'd in then Ihitigii 
Bear thou tay hand, *aett tcfweh, betviten thy Uetk." . 
The quarto* haTs 

" And Lavinia Ihou ihalt be iiaploiid tn thtie umes," to. 
The folia bag 

■■ And Laicinia tkou tkatt be emptof/d tn thete thitigi," SiC. — 
With the editor of the Hccond folio, I omit the " And," which, in all probft- 
liilit;, WM repe&ted here from the commencement of the preceding line hf the 
trftDeariber's or compodtor's miitake. — The reading of the qnartos, "armes," 
would Bcem to lie an error tor " aims :" and jet " emp}oy'd in aima'' is a very 
qTMEtionable eipreaaion. (Capell piinta 

"Lai-inia, thou ihalt be emploti'd in tJieie ihingi. 
Bear thou my hand, t-weet vench, helaeea thy anai;" 
and in Ub Nolei (vol. ii. P. iv. p. lOS] ho calls ''betaten thy teeth" "a read- 
ing of the greateat ahaiiTdity." But compare what Titaa, in the next pa^e. 
Hays to Lavinia ; 

" Or get some little knife betteeen thy teeth. 
And JDBt agaiiut th; heart moke thoa a hole," &c. ; 
an operation, ]iy the b;, which ahe wonld have found more difficult than the 
' ■ employment" now assigned to her.) 
1SG6. "Bead 

' Th«<' tor 'Ihia' was probably the original blunder; ' 4rnu' and * tAiHji*' BO- 
phisticatioQB to prodnce aomething like aenae." W. N. Lbttsov. — The Cmii- 
bridge SditoTB (QUibe Sbaietpeare) give 

" Lavinia, thoa $haU be etnploy'd : thtteumal 
Bear," &e, ; 
which I certainl; do not ondentand. 

P. 820. (84} " [(aii«" 

The old eda. hare " lones." 

P. 820, (85) " And make proud Saturnine onj Aii empreti" 
Here in the second folio " Saturnine" is altered to " SatnminnB," becansA- 
the editor did not parceire that the words " and Aii empreti" were to be read 
" (See Walker's Shalietpeare't Venijieation, &o. p. 68.) 

P. 820. (86) "And" 

80 Howe.— The folio has "Wboi" which in my former edition I ratunedr 
with a qy. if the inwahauMa in this paaaage waa not to be referred t« the 
anthor'a nngnyumatieal nae of the relatira t — This seene Is not fondd in the 



P. Ml. (87) 

" WTi^n (Ay poor Aeort btalt with outragtou* beating," 
Wmlker {Crit. Bxam. Ao. toI. i. p. 389) aaBpeota ui tnot in the word " btaU." 

P. 321. (ag) "miuVd" 

The folio hu " inMh'd." — Thia sceoe is not in Uw qiurtoa. 

P. 882. (I5) 
Added in the weond folio. 

P. 8M. (90) 
Added in the Beoond folio. 

P. S32. (gt) '■ But htm, if thatfiy had a father and mother 1 
Haw wouid he hang hii tlender gilded viingl" 
The pnnotaation of the folio (thi> Boene la not in the qnftrtofl) is "Batf 
How ; if th>t File had," dto. 1 and H hM been nnderatood u if Tltna were 
eehcongthe "Sul" otUuonB; irhioh I do not belieTe that the Nithor intended. 
As to " How wQold he hang hia Blender gilded wings," if wh*t precedes be 
right, the Buue (bat there ia little tenet thionghont this Boene) would aeem to 

require " they hang tbcdx," Ice. ; nnleBB the worda " and mother" ba 

emitted, aa was Bnggested by Bteeteiu, who obeerreg that " Titos moat pro- 
bably oonfinea hia thonghta to the Boffferinga id t, father." 

P. 823. (91) " doingt" 

''Wrong. Qn., m aome have it, > dolinsi' [Theobald'a emendation]." Wnlker'a 
Crtl. Exam, &o. Tol. iii. p. 330. —Aooording to BteeTena, " There is no need 
of change. Sad doingt for any nnfi»ituuite event ia a oommon, though not 
an elegant, espreaaloti."— Hr. W. N. Lettacm piopoaea " dnmiDgi." 

P. Baa. (93) '■ Pardon me, tir; it w 

Qy. "FaTdmtmti ttn*"* 

P. 823. (94) "Aeyet" 

The folio (thia aoene ia not in the qnaitoa) hu menily "r#l." 

P. S93. (95) "begitu" 

The fdia (thia aaene ia act in the qnartot) haa " begin ;" and ao perhapa tb 
anthor wrote, oonaidering the pteoeding " tight" as equiralent to " eyea." 



P. S2S. (96) 

'' Marc. Canit thou not gnat uhtrefort tht flitt thee Ihtu f" 
The old edB. make this a portion of tli« preeeding Bpeeoh : bnt the third line 
ol Lncina'a repl; pFores, bb CapeU uw, that it 1>«1ong8 to Mucns. — 1S66. 
Walkor is perhaps right In anspeotii^ that not only this line bat the five pre- 
ceding lines belong to UarcDS. Ctit. Exam. &c. toL iii. p. 920. 

P. 8M. (97) 

" Eeveal tlie damn'd contriver of tkii deed. — 
Why lifU ihe up her arnu in lejueiiee thiu t" 
80 the qoartoa. — The folio has 

" lieueale ths damn'd eontriiur 0/ thii deed. 
What booke f 

Why li/tt ihe vp her arma in uquenee thiar" 
Perhaps the banBoriher of the 0017 iu«d tor the fiJio haj inadTartently passed 
on to " Lndne, tcJuit book is that she tossath soT" and when he afterwuds 
peroeived his mistake, and drew his pen throtigh the mispUeed line, he mtj/ 
hsTe left two words of it notfnll? blotted out. 

P. 824. (jg) " Soft ! tte hoa btitily the tttmt the leave:"' 
o Howe. — The old eds. have " Soft, so ttwilie," Ico, 

P. 831. (99) " [Helidng he 

What icoald iliejind f — Lavinia, ihall I read f 
The old eia. have 

" Heipe her, urfiat icoald ihefindet Lauinia thall I read t" 
another instance of a stage'direction having crept into the text : see n 

P. 836. (100) " guide, if ihou catui, 

Thie after me, when I have teril my nanu" 
Tlie'>iiil»n" (*hioh Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector altera to " where") was added 
by the edited of the second folio, a word having ovidentl; dropped out, — 
Walker (Crit. Exam. *c. vol. ii. p. 381) conjecttiree 

Thit after me: I here have irril my name;" 
which appears to me to break np the sentence too much. 

P. 325. (101) ••God'' 

Walker (Crit. Exam. JEc.vol. iiL p. 326) regards this as a mistake for "gods" 
(a mistake which certainly ooeurs in the old eda. ol Fericlet, act v. so. 1); 
and perhaps it is ■□,— the original reading not to be def*ud«d, beoanse we find 
elsewhere in the present |^j, " Qod give yon ji^, sir," p. 394 ; " QoA laMA,"" 
p. 8Si, lia. 



P.826.(i<») "mindt" 

" RMd 'months'." W. N. Lnrsoii. 

P. 33G. (103) ■■'ri««ur<eHOUffft, niij/ou Jtneio ftojo." 

A mntiUtcd line.— Mr. CoUiat'g Ms. Corrector reads '■ 

to 40 it." 

P. 820. (104) 
The old eds. have " ShaU." 

P. 33G. (105) ••Rereage, ye heaitni.for old Andronieiu.'" 
The old cds. have ■•Reufnge the heaaeiu," Ae. — Johnson aaw that "i/e wm 
ly the tnnsoriber taken for y', the." — "I believe," Bars Steefens, "theoU 
reading is right, and signifleB ' may tbe heaTeun rereuge,' ice," But it is 
proved to be wrong by wliat preoodea ; ■' htai-tm, can you hear," &c. 

P. 837. (106) " May it pleatt you," 

Cftpell prints "Kay it pUatf you, lards;" aa most probably the antbociTTate. 

P. 827. (107) 
Omitted in the old ecta. 

P. S28. (log) " A eharitabU vtiih and full 0/ love :" 
Tbia line, which the old ed«. asugn to Chiron, is rightly restored to Aarou by 
Walker, Crit. E.iam. &c.to1. ii. p. 187. 

P. 328. (109) " Well, aod 

Give her good rat! What hath he wnt her I 

Nor. -* deviU 

Aar. Wkji, then the'* thedwWt dam; a Joyful ittvt." 
Arrnnge rather ; 

' Well, Qod gire her good rcBt I What hath ha sent ber ? 
Nune. A. deviL 

Aaron. Why, then she ia the deril'B dam ; 

A joyfol iaaae]'" 

Walket'B Crit. Exam. £c. Tol. iii. p. 220. 

P. S39. (110) "iBhiUHm'd" 

The old edi. bafe " tihilc-limbde." 



P.Sae. (tu) "thetn^rat" 

To be pnmmiaeed "Ut' enpeteBa:" He note 16. 

P. 8B». (ill) " tftiJ, my»el/,— " 

Walkn (5Aat«ipnire'( r«nVIciifion, ft«. p. 94) cnggeBto "tbia' aiyielf,"— 
" this' " being Ui« ooDtntotioii of " thia u ;" irliioh Ibe folio hu in iIea$UTe 
J«r MtatvTt, wrt T. BO. 1. 

P. 880. (113) " ITJir, to, iiMM tonJj .' ieft<™ xe joia in teagve," 

The editor of the seenid folio piinled " Khm we i^joj/iu in Uagne." 

But " lonli" is here a diuyllable : see Walker's Shakeiptart'i Virt^fieMion, 

P. 831. (t 14) " Not far one Muli liva, my eotattrynian;" 
The ddeda. have "Notfarre, one MnliUna my Couii(r7-nuwi."—Bowe printed 
"Not far, one iltxliteuM lives, my eounCrvman."— I a^pt the craijeetaie of 
SteereDB. — Hr. Collier'a Ha. Corrector reads "Not far hence Hull lirea, my 

P. 8BL (115) "Barkyt, lordt: ye tee I have gireH her phytic," 
TMb line baa been Tarioad? altered ; and Walker {CHt. Exam. fte. vol. ill' 
p. ee) tnda na read 

"Hark, Icrdt; ye tee th^t Z have given het phytic." 

P. 831. (116) " I'll make yoa/eed on berriei and on roott, 
And feed on curdi and ahey," 
Hannei printed "JiwI feast on," See. — In the preceding line Ur, Collier'a Me. 
Corrector anbatitnteH " tbriTe" for "feed." — Walker {Crit. Exam. &e. toI. i. 
p. 290) marks the second "feed^' as wrong. — I baTe na donbt that both the- 
seoond "feed" and the second >■ on" were repeated by miatake : but wlio can 
aa7 what word (or worda) on^t to take their place t 

P. 888. (117) 
Added in the second ftdio. 

Till tine beget lame eaeeful remedy." 
The quartos and the folio haTe "*ny Lords;" oorreoted in the second folio. — 
AH the old eda. hare " < — -~ lomt oanfoll remedte;" eotreeted ^ WalkeTr 
Crit. Exam. tie. toI. i. p. 288. 



P. 881 (119) ••Kimnun." 

■ ■ Einaman,' inrefy; «ee oonteit." Walker's CH(. £xam. &e. voLiii. p. 221. 
-Not BO, Borelf, if the lut Bpekker l>e Pnbtiiu, who la the present Bp«Ak«i'i 

P. S33. (iio) 
The old eds. have " no iostiee." 

P.SSa. (ill) "ToSatnm, Caiut," 

Th« old eds. hare " To Sstoiiiiiie, to (7attu."— Caiaa (u CkpeU flnrt notiewl) 

P. 38B. {ill) " UxMt when" 

Betifeen these irords Hannier inserted "thooi" Hkkme "fm." 

P. 838. (lij) "ffiM it PoUiu." 

Eaamer prints "gUit it to PaUm,-" Capdl "ihell ^i» t( PoUiu." 

P. 356. (114) " ily Ityrdi, you knuir, a< do tlu might/ul godi," 
The wordi " « do" were supplied by Rowe to complete the sense. — Mr. Ool* 

Uer'sHs.Coirectar nukes hit addition at the end otthe line, " -themight- 

Jitl god* no leEs." 

P. S36. (1x5) " Sliall tee be tkuM afflUted in hit areakt," 
Here Hanmer and Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector alter "mreakt" (i.e. fits otaga 
or violence) to "freaks." 

P. 386. {116) "wftom, if the lUep, 

He'll 40 cmake, at tht" 
In both these Uses the old eds. bare " he" instead of " 1 

P. 388. (117) " J have toueh'd thie to the quick. 

Tits Ufe-blood Ota." 
The Moond folio has "Th!jIi/« Mood ont."— Iliad ia Mr. CoHier'sone-Ttdnme 
Bhaketpeare " The life-blood on't."— According to Mr. Btaunton, " loueh'd 
means pricked: I have Umeed thy life-blood ont;" a loread eiplanatioii. — 
Kt. Grant White prints " My life-blood on't ;" a Ter; improbable reading. — 
Walkei {Crit. Exam. *e. vol. i. p. 73) snpposes that a Une, which preoedel 
'■ TAy life-blood oat," is lort. 


874 TltVa ANDBOKICUa. 

P. 836. (ii8) " mitlrtu-iMp" 

The old eds. hxn " Mistcrabip." 

P. B37. (119) 'MrHt, arm, mij lord," 

The old nia. Iuts " Armt my Lordi." — (^miliiu ii eeriainlj ftddreBimg Uie^ 

P. 337. (ijo) "'"■«'■ 

The old eds. hare "tbie." — " I enimot doubt tliat the antliorirrote ' Ai*,"' 
u;s Walker (<7rJt. F.xam. &c. voL ii. p. 32-2), not huoirutg that Roire hod 
mftde the correctiou . 

P. 887. {.31) "often ortrhtard'' 

Bo Theobald.— The old eda. have " o/Ua heard." 

P. 887.(i]i) "uingt" 

Altered by Hr. Knight to " wing, "—in order that this line, with the two pre- 
ceding Uuea and the line which lollowg it, may form a qsatnun- — " Enight'a 
' winir' is not Elizabethan English. IthTme, eveii in the ooaplet, ii j«tj rare- 
in riiu» Andnmicm:' Walker'a Crit. Exam. 4c. vol, iii. p. 858. 

P. 838. (133) "before, he our" 

The old eda. hare " before to be out" and " before to our." 

P. 838. (134) " (land on hoitage" 

The old eda. have " »tand in koitage," kc. ; hnt though in iraa fonnerly 

tittea nsed for on, it coald hardly hare been bo emplo;ed io a paniage like 

P. 888. (135) "n,«««,n«j,," 

Altered by Bowe to "anccesBfally;" bjCapell and Ur.Colliei'B Ml. Cmreotor 
to "inoesEantlr." — "'Wliethei the anthoi of thia pla; had obj anthorit]- tor 
(bis word, I know not ; bnt I snapect he had not. In the next act [p. 3M] be 
with equal lioenge naes ' rapine' for ' rope,' By ' tueeetianttg,' I avi^OBe, he 
meant meceufulli/." Mu-dhb. 

P. SS9. (ije) "Qotba." 

So the Kcond foUo {"OinN.").~The earlier edi. omit the prefix. 

P. 839. {137) "not a word/ — " 

The aeeondfoUo haa "no! Hotateordl" — Bat qy. "what, not a umvff"— In 
tbs third line above the flnt qnarto haa " hei bmning Itul." 



P.B39. {138) 

"A light to vex the father' t »oul icitkal. — 
Qet me a ladder. 

[A ladder Ijionght, which Anran is mode to ucend. 
Akt. Luciiu, taut tht child," &a. 

Theobald's amngemeiit. — The old eds. have 

"A $ight to vtxe the Fathen imde mithail, 

Aion. Oet roe a ladder, Xuciiu laue the ehitd." 

P.a40, (139) •• yet piUouely" 

Mr. Coilier's Mi. Corraotca BnbBtitnteB " deapiteoiialf ." — Here, aaya Steevem, 
" 'piteontly' neftns ' in a manner exciting pity.' " 

P. Ml. (140) " thou" 

An interpolation t 

P.Ml. (141) "MownM" 

So the third folio. — The earlier eda. haTe "lonnded." — See note 93 on The 
n'lnter'i Tale. 

P. S43. (143] "Make poor ni«7i'« ealtle ttray andbreak their neek*:" 
1 hare here inserted the words " itray and," two Eyllables being eridentlj 
wanting,— Malone propoBsd " Make poor men'i cattle break their neekt and 
die" IfiTA, aa Steevena remarked, " il they brokt their necie, it was rather on- 
neoesuryfor ni to be Informed that tliey died"). — Mr. Collier's Me. Correetor 
reads " Make poor hmti'i cattle ofttimes break their ruek*." 

P. 843. (143) "doon, 

.... toTTOK alnuM vat forgot;" 
So the aeoond f<^o. — The earlier eds. have " dooie" and " Mnrowca almoit 

P. 8i8. (144) " March, away! [Flonrish. Eiennt." 

Capell (oonsidering " Mareh" aa a atage-direation) printed " Aira;. [JIfareft. 
Exeunt:" and rightly perhaps. 

P. 848. (145) »[The7knoal(. 

Enter Tnoa, atwTe." 

The old edf, have " They knooln and Titos opens his atodie ioara." — Mr. 

Collier obterrea ail.; "From what ensoea, It appeara that Titos oame ont 

into the elevated balcony at the back of the stage." 

P. 843. (146) "bow" 

Not in the old eds. 



P. S4B. (147) "witneti" 

Q;. Ml int«rpo1«tiaD t 

P.8M. (14!) "globe." 

Theoldeds.h>re"01cil>«a." Bui Tltiu la oertunlj BpwkLag of tbe globe ot 
om earth. 

P. 8M. (149) " Providt Ueo" 

The old eda. have " Frouide Oira (uo."— Walker (Crtl. Exam. &e. vol. iiL p. 
933) would put a semleolon at the end of the preceding line ; " tor," he saTS, 
" I think that Andraniona meana ■ J ufU proTlde thee,' &c." 

P. 8U. (150) '• And find out mariwwf in tfceir puiirj com» ." 
Instead of "natrieren" all the old eds. have "nrnrder;" and inatead of 
" cava," all before the second folio " carea." 

P. 8«. (151) " Byperion't" 

So the second foUo.— The earlier eda. hsTo '■ Epeona". and " Eptons," 

P. B41. (i ji) ■■ Tit. An that thy ntinitCm t what art they eaWdf 
Tarn. Rapint and Murdtr;" ice. 
The qnartoa and the f<dio hare "Are them tfey," Ao.i the seoond folio haa 
'* Art they thy," tso. — In the next line the aecond folio rigfatlr snbatitnte* 
" Jtoptiu" lor >' Bape" of the earlier eda. : before we And " Bo then deatnij 
Rapine and Unrder there ;" and afterwarda, *' Rapine and Murder, yoa are 
welcome too,"—" Oood Rapine, stab him," 4o. 

P. 846. (,53) "Lucittt." 

" Biiret7, 'Lndna'.' " Walker'a Crit. Exam. gse. toL ii 

P. 8«. (1J4) "abide" 

lo Bowe.— The old eds. have " bide." 

P. 8«. (i5j) "devicu.—" 

" Bead detiice, to sToid the donble ending, the abtenee of which, bj the way, 
is obaraoteilatic (aa haa been obsenred by critioa) of a certain time and aoliool, 
to ^Lloh this play oTidantly belonga." Walker's Crit. Exam. &c. toL 1. p. 84S. 

P. S47. (ij6) "I take them, Chiron and Denutrim." 
The old eda. omit "and;" erroneoaaly, no donbt. Three timea aftenrarda 
we have " Chiron and Demetrins," pp. M7, 850, SSI. 



P. US. (157) " [He cuts their thKats." 

Vm (di «ds. id«M Qkli *Ug«-diTection Kttar the Imst line bnt two ottbeapAeoh 
(" More iteni And bloody tliui the Centann' feMt") ; and the; ue fdlowsd 
ij Ifi. Knight, — who onght to have Been that when Titns sajB, " And with 
Tan hatdlnl liquor tamper it," he had already " ont their thiOAts." 

P. M8. (158) " VtteU Marau, linee it U ny fathtr't mitUC' 

' Binoe, nude Mareua, 'tis mi/ /aih^r"* mind,' &e." 

Walker's Crit. Exam. tse. vol. iiL p. S22. 

P. SCO. (160) "uproar" 

So tho third fdio. — The earlier eds. have "TproreB" and " vproree." 

P. SSI. (t6i) " Lat -Ronu henclf bt bane mto hertelf," tta. 
Th« old eda. hare "Let Honu," fto.— To thia line the qnartOB prefix "Soman 
iMTd;" the toUo hai " Goth. .-" and to the tonrth line after thii (" Bat if 107 
frosty eigna," fto.) the fourth folio prefixes " Jfttr." — "I beliere the whole 
belongB to ManmB ; who, when Lnoina faaa gone thronf^ sneh a part of the 
nanative as coDoema hia own exile, cUimB his torn to speak again, and re- 
commenda LneioB to the empire." Steetens. — " As this speeoh proceeds in 
an uniform tenor with the foregoing, the whole (as Mr. SteeTenB has obserred) 
probably belonga ,ta HarcQE." Mauiub. — Capell and Mr. Collier'a Us. Cor- 
rector assign the whole to MarooB ; and no doubt tightly. 

P.B61. (i«i) "our" 

The old edi. have " a." — " Surely ' our/' for it ia Lwina who immediately 
proceeds to relate the atoiy. The game corruption, or a similar one — how- 
ever it is to be aooonnted for — has taken place in other instances," to. 
Walker's Crit. Exam. Ac toI. u. p. 820. 

P. 861. (163) "F«r their fell faiUt our brother* vere bthtaied;" 

The oldeds. have " fell/aidt»," 4e.,— wrongly. Compere antt, p. 847, 

"for that vile /auU [i.e. the morder of Bassianns], Two of her brothers wen 
condemn'd to death," &e. 

P. Bfil. (164) "lamtht tum'd forth," 

Bo the first qnario (esoept that it has here the spelling " timed," thongh in 
the fourth line above it has " tumd"). — The second qnarto has " And I an 
tkt turned /ortA" {the "And" most probably having been repeated by mis- 
take from the beginning of the preroding line). — The folio has " And I am 
tnmed /orth."— Walker (who was not acquainted witii the reading of the first 
qnarto) propoaes "And I'm thns tiimad/arl&." Bhakttpeart'* Ytrt^fUation, 
to. p. 89. 



P. 862. (i6s) "Damn'd at he U," 

" The old oopiei retd 'And as he ia.' The emendatiaii wu made hj Ur, 
Theob&ld. The same expreErion (as he obaeired] ia oaed in Othello [act i. 

> O thoa foul thief, irhere hast thoa rtow'd m j dangbter T 
Damn'd at thou art, thou hast onohaDted her.' 
In the play hefore ni the same epithet i« applied to Aaroa [p. 8M] ; 

' Bee jnetice done on Aaron, that damn'd Moor.' " U11.OKS. 
Theobald's emendation has been adopted by all anbeaqnent editors, eieept 
Mr. Collier, who thinlu it mmecessary: bat I do not well see how we can 
reject it. (The old reading recelTea no support trooi what oecnra in p. 346, 
" Bnt welcome, a» you arej" which means — Bnt welcome, even though you 
art tinafeompanied fry the Moot.) — IB65. The Cambridge Editors (Globt 
Skakeiprare) giro the original lection, mnrHng it ■' f." 

P. 853. (166) "eaute" 

So the fonrth folio. — The earlier e3a, have " coorBe." 

F. 362. (167) " Come, come, tlioH reverend man ofBome," 
Capell printed "Come down, come down, thou," &e. — "I beliore the author 
wrote ' Come, come, thoo rererend man of Borne, com« doan,' " Walker's 
Crit. Exam. Sic. vol. ii. p. 263. 

P. 353. (16I) 

" The common voice do try it ihaU be to. 

Romans. Xuci'ui, all hail, Rome't royal emperor! 
Marc, [to Attendants] Qo, go into old Tiivt' torroteful houte. 
And hither hale Ikat miibelieving Hoar, 
To be aifjadg'd tome direjul'ilaughlering death. 
At pmtithment /or hit mott viieked life. 

[Eiennt gome Attendants. 

Lucius, Habcdb, tee. descend. 
Boman*. Lueiui, all hail, Bome't graeiov* gmenuir! 
Lac. Thantt, gentle Bvmant," Ac. 
The old eds. haTe 

" The eomvunt voyce doe cry it ihall be >o. 

Uarcni. Luei'iu, oil haile Homti ToyaU Emperour, 
Ooe goe into old Titvt torrow/tiK houte. 
And hither hale that miibelieuing Bloore, 
To be a^udgd [thefirtt quarto adindge] tome direfiiU tlaughl- 

ring death. 
At pamihment for hit mo>t viched lije. 
iMciut ali haile to Romet graeiovi OeaernouT. 
Lncias. Thanki gentle Bomainet," ice. ; 
and Mr. Enight and Mr. Ci^er see uo necessity for any alteration.— (In fol- 



lowing the old copieE here Mr. Knight at least is roDsisteut ; for at the com- 
menceaeiit ot this act (see p. 330) he adheres to the three enrlieit cds. in 
mating the speeeli of tlie Vint Ooth conclude with 

" well follow where thon lead'st, 
« Lite atipgiug bees in hottest Btumner'a daj. 

Led by their master to the flower'd fields, 

And be aveng'd on coraed Tamora : 

And, at he laith, la taij \cf ail with hint ;'' 
tli« prefix to the last line having been tccidentall; omitted in tboae ede.) 

P. 853. (169) "gh-ettteaiM-' 

"Onunt White eonjeotnrea 'air' for 'aim.' The text can aeareely be explained 
from Oifford's note on cry aim and give aim [Maaaiiiger'B Worki, vol. ii. p. 
37, ed. 1813]." W. N. LEiTsoa.— H the earlieet qaarto (and tlie foHo) had 
not had the spelling " a'jnif," I should have proposed "gine me ear." 

P. 368. (170) "blood-ttain'd/ace," 

Bo the third folio. — The earlier eds. have "blood aUine (and " titoud-elainc") 

P. 863. {171) " I'ou tad Andronici," &c. 

To thii speech the old eda. prefix "Bomaine" aad"Boauuis." — In m; former 
aditioD I sn^eeted that perhaps it ahonld be given to ^titili'iu ; and to liiin 

P. 8H. (1 71) " nor man I'tt mourning tceidi, 

No mour«fvll beU," 
Thia reading, hitherto (I believe) nnnotioed, is that of quarto 1600,-— at least 
of the cop; of that quarto now before me : see note 54. — The later eds. have 
" nor man (n monmefall veedt, 
No mouriiefull beU."— 
Mr. Btannton conjeetnrea " Nc scdemn beUi" Hr. W. N. Lettsom " No holy 







e at nig^t shftll ahe be fow-teea ; 

Tb«i shall the, marr?; I remember 't well. 

■Ti* •iiic« the earthquake now eleven jeara ; 

Asd she wai wean'd," tie. — 
^nrUU remark! ; " But hoir comes the Nime to talk ot an tarthqaake OB 
Una ocearioD r There is uo voeh drcnmBtanee, I helieve, mentioned in snj 
of the norde from which ShakeBpeare may be snppoaed to have drawn his 
Btmy; and therefore it Eeems probable Ihat he had in Tiew the eartliqnake 
which had really been felt in man; parts of England in hit own time, viz. 
on the 6tb of April 1680. U eo, one may be permitted to coajeetnre, that 
Kotmo and Juliet, or this part of it at leaet, was wntten in 1691 ; after tlie 
6th ot April, when the tievenyean ivtee the tarthquake were completed; and 
not later than the middle of July, a fortnight and add dayt before Lammai- 
tide." Hr. Hnnter, on the other hand, Bnppoaes that the BllnBion is to an 
Mrtbqoake which occnrrcd during 1570, "in the neighbonibood of Verona, 
so Eerere that it destroyed Ferrara," Sie.{Ntieniiul.o/Shaktipeare, toI. ii. p, 
ISO.) Bnt if it be nnlikely, as I think it is, that onr poet had a view to the 
earthquake in hie own country dnring 1580, it ia atiU more nnlikely that he 
■bonld have alluded to that in Italy during 1S70. Mr. Collier " ooincides with 
Ualone that the tragedy wob probably written towards the dose of 159S" 
{Itttrod. to Someo and Julifl) : I ara Inclined, however, so far to agree with 
Tyrwhitt [uii ntpra), that as early as 1501 Sbakespeare may perhaps have 
heen at work on Bontto and Juliet. It was flret printed in 1E97, 4to ; and 
when we compare the very Imperfect text of that quarto (nor are its imper- 
feotione merely those of a piratical edition) with the " corrected, angmented, 
and amended" text of the second qnarto, 1£99, we cannot donbt that the 
author greatly improved and amplified the play subsequently to its original 
appearanoe on the stage. — There are tno celebrated Italian tales on the sub- 
ject of Borneo and Juliet: liioria nweltamtnte riirtyvata di duinobiii amanti; 
eon la loro pieUna morte iatervtnuta netia cittfl di Verona, rul Utnpo del 
Signer Bartolomeo dalla Scala, by Loigi da Porto, tbo earliest edition with a 
data being that ot 1635 ; and La iforlunata morte di due infelieiiiimi amanti, 
ehe Tuno di vtleno, e VaUro di dolore morirono : con varii aeeidenti, I^ Ban- 
dello, — NoveHa 9 ot Parle S«coniIa, which (along with Parl< Prima and Parte 
Terta) first appeared in 1561. But, even allowing that Shakespeare was able 
to read them, we are not to suppose that he ever looked into either of those 
Italian navels. The story ot Borneo and Jnliet had long been very popular In 
En^knd; and materials for his tragedy lay before him in a poem entitled TA^ 
TTagieall Hittorye of Romeui and Juliet, written firtt in ItaliiM by Bandell, 
and tunee tn Engliihe by .ir[thur] ^[oai«}, 1C62 ; and in The goodly hyt- 
lory of the true and eontlaut Ume betveen Bhomeo and JuUetta, the one of 



inAoin died ofpoj/ion, and the other of lorrw and hemmne : tehertm bt com- 
pryied many adtietOura of lout and oOier devUu touchingt ttu tanu, tonn- 
ing the Tweuty-fifth SorA ot the Beoond Tolume ol Paintar't Palaa! of Pita- 
Mr«,— the Dedicatoi? Epistle to which Tolnme is cUied Not. 4th, 1567. (Frooi 
Biooke'B title-pftge we might infer that he hkd copied Bondello ; hat sncli 
is not the case : he hu msiiily followed BUtoire de deux amant, dont Tun 
vtattnU dt vmin, Vatitrt de iriitetie; a Tersion of Bandello'g tale, with na- 
mennu Tariatioiu, 1^ BoiBtean in Belleforett'* BiiUnrf Tragipitt ; Brooke 
hM, howerer, oousiderabl; altered the story, and added mnah of his own.) — ■ 
" It will be ohserred that Brooke, Pajnter, and Bhakespeare, all condade the 
story in the lame maniMr; Juliet doe* not wake from her trance in the tomb 
natdl Borneo U dead; bat in Loigi da Porto's narratiTe, and in BandsUo'a 
norel fonnded npoa it, she reoorers her seuMB in time to hear him ipeak, and 
to see him expire : instead o( slabbing henelt with his dagger, she dies, as 
it were, ot • broken heart, on the body of her lorn." Coiukb, 3tutlcapeare'» 
Library, toL ii. p. Tiii. — " Shakespeare had probably read Painter's noT«l, 
having taken one eircDmslance from it or aome other proas tranalatiaD of 
Boiatean ; bnt his play was nndonbtedly formed on the poem of Arthur Brooke. 
This is prored decisively by the following eirenmstanoes. 1. In the poem the 
Prince of Terona is called Eicaliu; so ^ao in the plq. In Painter's ftans- 
latioD from Boistean he is named Signar Eteala; and sometimes Lord Bar- 
tholomew of Bieala, 3. In Painter's norel the family of Romeo are called 
the MouUtchei; in the poem and in the play, the Hontaguee. S. The mea- 
senger employed by Friar Iianrenoe to carry a letter to Romeo to inform hini, 
when Joliet wonld awake from her bsnae, is in Painter's translation called 
AntetMt; in the poem and in the play Friar Jokn is employed in this bati- 
nesB. 4. The circom stance of Capnlet's writing down the names otthe gnesta 
whom he invites to sapper is fonnd in the poem and in the play, bat is not- 
mentioned by Painter, nor is it fonnd in the criginsi Italian noreL G. The 
residence of the Capnleta, in the original and in Painter, is called Villa 
Frtaiea; in the poem and in the pIayfV«loini. [bat in the play, act i. ee. 1^ 
" FrteMen" is men^ned by the Prince as " our eommon indgment-place."] 
6. Bereral passages of Romeo and Juliet appesr to have been formed on hints. 
fnrnished by the poem, of which no bwies are found either in Painter's norelr 
or in Boisteaa, or in the originid; and several eipressuma are borrowed from 
thence, which win be lonnd in their proper places." MujOia, Frtlim. Bemarkr 
on Bomto and Juliet. (Among Shakespeare's obligations in minute parti- 
onlara to Brooke, the following instance is addnced both by Malone Mid Hr> 

"Art thoa amanf thy form cries ont thou art: 
Thy tears are womanish ; thy wild acts denote 
Th' unreasonable fory of a beast." 

Ji. and X act iiL Bc. B. 
" Art thoa, qnoth he, a man I thy thape laiik, lo thou art; 
Thy crj/ing and thy teeping eya denote a woman* hart : 
For manly resfon is qnite from of thy mynd ontchased. 
And in her stead sffeotionB lewd and fancies highly placed ; 
Bo that I stoode in donte this howre at the least. 
If thou a man or woman win, or tit a iratUh ieatt." 

The Tragieall HiUoryt, be.) 



Hw ii it unlikely that Bli*li«epe«Te may haTe made sonu sliglit oae of an 
eiriier tragedy on tlie same subject ; foi that aneh a play had lieen prodnced 
before IMS, and irith raceeiB, ve have tlie toetiinony of Brooke in an address 
" To iJie Beflder" prefixed to his Tragieali HUttnye, Sea. ; " Thongh I sair 
the «ame aignment lately set loortb on stage with more conunendation then 
I can \odk» tar (being there mnch better set forth then I hane or can dooe], 
yet tho lame matter penned be it is may eeme to lyke good effect," kc. No- 
thing can be nuffe improbable than irhat some have oonjectored, — thatBroolce 
ia q>eakingcrfBdnunawbiefa he had seen abroad; he evidently alludes to an 
•pn gliah [day. (Brooke's poem is reprinted in Malone'E Shakespeare, by Boe- 
MeU, vd. TJ. ; also, along with Painter's noTel, in Collier's Shakeipeare'i 
lAbrar]/, toL ii.) 

The " Tragedy of Boiaeo and Juliet acted in Oermany, in the year 1626, 
iy Englieh playen," wiii be fonnd (both in German and En^ish) in Mr. Albert 
Cohn's recently published qnarto volmne (1866), entitled Shaketpeare in Qtr- 
tutny in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth OmCurifs, &c. p. SOG. In this pieoe 
the bnginesB of Bhabeipeare's tragedy is pretty closely followed, and we ooca- 
donally recognise the very ezpressianB of onr poet ; but, on Uie whole, it is 
intolerably dull, and sometimes disgnsting on aooonnt of the gross langosge 
irtuch is pnt into tho nunith of a " Clown." 


' I' heads of two honsei »t vuiuioe vilb each otlier. 


ESCU.C8, prinM of Terona. 

Puui, a Tonng nobleman, kingman to the princ«. 



Aji old Man, of the Capolet family. 

ROMio, Bon to Moctagae. 

Hebcctio, liinnimLn to the ptioM, and friend to Homeo. 

Bbrtouo, nephew to Montague, and biend to Rnnea, 

Ttbixt, nephew to Lad; Capnlet. 

Friar Licbbmci, a Franciscaii. 

Friar Jqbn, of the aame order. 

B11.TB1UB, serTBnt to Borneo. 


Petbb, aerrant to Joliet'B ntUEe. 

Abbahau, servant, to Houtagne. 

An Apothecary. 

Three Moddans. 

Page to Paris ; another Page ; an Officer. 

Liri MoNiAauB, wife to Montogne. 
Lui Capclet, wife to Capolet. 
JuLiBi, daughter to Capolet. 
None to Juliet. 

CitizenH of Terona; several Hen and Women, relatfooB to both houses ; 

HaakerB, Oaards, Watchmen, and Attendants. 


ScxKt—Verotta; except once in the fifth act, vhere it U MatUaa, 


Enter Choros. 

Chor. Two hoaseholdfl, both alike in dignitj. 

Id fair Verona, where we lay oar acene. 
From ancient grndge break to new mutiny, 

Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. 
From forth the fatal loina of these two foes 

A pair of etar-cross'd lovers take their life ; 
Whose misadventar'd piteous overthrows 

Do with their death burj their parents' strife. 
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love, 

And the continuance of their parents' rage. 
Which, but their children's end, naaght conld remove, 

Ib now the two hours' traffic of oar stage ; 
The which if yon with patient ears attend. 
What here shall miss, oar toil shall strive to mend. 




Scekj: I. Verona. A public place. 
JUtiter Sahfsoh and Greoort, aimed with eteorda and baeJderg, 

Sam. Gregory, o' m; word, we'll not cany coals. 

Ore. No, for then we ehoold be colliers. 

Sam, I mean, an we be in cboler, we'll draw. 

Ore. Ay, wbile yon live, draw yonr. neck out o' the collar. 

Sam. I Btrike quickly, being moved. 

Ore. Bat tboa art not qnickly moved to strike. 

Sam. A dog of the honse of Montague moves me. 

Ore. To move is to Btir ; and to be valiant is to stand : 
therefore, if thou art moved, thou rnnnest away. 

Sam. A dog of that honse shall move me to stand: I will 
take the wall of any man or maid of Montagne's. 

Gre. That shows thee a weak slave ; for the weakest goes 
to the wall. 

Sam. True ; and therefore women, being the weaker ves- 
sels, are ever thrust to the wall ; — therefore I will push Mon- 
tague's men from the wall, and thrust his maids to the wall. 

Ore, The quarrel is between our masters and us their 

Sam. 'Tis all one, I will show mjrolf a tyrant : when I 
have fought with the men, I will be cruel"' with the maids, 
and cut off their heads. 

Gre. The heads of the maids? 

Sam. Ay, the heads of the maids, or their maidenheads ; 
take it in what sense thoa wilt. 



Ore. They muBt take it in eease that feel it. 

Sam. Me the; eball feel while I am ahle to stand : and 
'tis known I am a pretty piece of flesh. 

Ore. 'Tie well thoa art not fish ; if thoo hadst, thoa 
badst been Poor-John. — ^Draw thy tool ; here comes two of 
the house of the Montagnes. 

Sam. My naked weapon is ont : qaarrel; I will hack thee. 

Ore. How 1 tnm thy back and ran ? 

Sam, Fear me not. 

Ore. No, marry ; I teax thee 1 

Sam, Let qs take the law of onr sides ; let them begin. 

Ore. I wiU &own as I pass hy ; and let them take it as 
they list. 

Sam. Nay, as they dare. I will bite my thnmb at them ; 
which is a disgrace to them, if they bear it. 

£nter Abbabax and Bu/taABiB. 

Abr. Do yoa bite yonr tbamb at as, sir ? 

Sam, I do bite my thnmb, sir. 

Abr. Do yoa bite your thnmb at ns, sir ? 

Sam. laside to Ore.] la the law of our side, if I say ay? 

Gre. [aside to Sam.'] No. 

Sam. No, sit, I do not bite my thnmb at yon, sir ; but I 
bite my thumb, sir. 

Ore, Do yon qnarrel, sir? 

Abr. Qnarrel, sir! no, sir. 

Sam, If yon do, sir, I am for yon : I serve as good a maD 
as yon. 

Abr. No better. 

Sam. Well, sir. 

Ore. {aside to Sam.'] Say " better :" here comes one ofmy 
master's kinsmen. 

Sam, Yes, better, sir. 

Abr. Yon he. 

Sam, Draw, if yoa be men. — Gregory, remember thy 
Hwashing blow. [Tlui/Jight. 

Enter Bbnvolio. 
Sen. Part, fools I [Beata down tkeir »word$. 

Fat ap yonr swords ; yoa know not what yoa do. 



En/er TrBALT. 

Tyb. What, art thon drawn among theae heartlesa hiude ? 
Turn thee, Benrolio, look upon thy death. 

Ben. I do bnt keep the peace : pot op thy Bword, 
Or manage it to part theae men with me. 

Tyb. What, drawn, and talk of peace ! I hate the word. 
As I hate hell, all Montagaea, and thee : 
Have at thee, coward ! [Tkeyjigkt. 

Enter several ofhotli lioiueg, uhojoin the fray; then enter 
Citizens teilli clubs. 

Cltueat. Clnha, bills, and partisans ! strike ! beat them 
down I 
Down with the Capnlets ! down with the MontagaeB ! 

Enter Capulet in hU goien, and Lady Capulft. 
Cap. What noise ia this ? — Give me my long aword, ho ! 
La. Cap. A crutch, a crutch ! — why call yon for a sword ? 
Cap. My sword, I say I — Old Montague is come, 
And flourishes his blade in epite of me. 

Enter Montaque and Lady Uo^TAauE. 
Mon. Thon villain Capolet, — Hold me not, let me go.''^ 
La. Mon. Thoa shslt not stir one foot to seek a foe. 

Enter Prince, with Attendants. 
Prin. Rebellione aubjects, enemies to peace, 
ProfaneiB of this neighbour-stained steel, — 
Will they not hear? — what, ho ! yon men, yon beasts. 
That quench the fire of your pernicious rage 
With purple fountains issuing from your veins, — 
On pain of torture, from those bloody hands 
Throw your mistemper'd weapons to the ground, 
And hear the sentence of your moved prince. — 
Three civil brawls, bred of an airy word. 
By thee, old Capnlet, and Montague, 
Have thrice disturb'd the qniet of onr streets; 
And made Verona's ancient citizens 
Cast-by their grare beseeming*" ornaments, 
To wield old partisans, in hands as old, 



Ganker'd mth peace, to part your canher'd hate : 

If ever 700 disturb oar streeta again, 

YoDT livee shall pay the forfeit of the peace. 

For thifl time, all the rest depart away : — 

Yoa, Gapnlet, Bhall go along with me ; — 

And, Montagae, come yoa this afternoon, 

To know onr farther pleasore in this case, 

To old Freetown, our common jndgmeiit-place. — 

Once more, on pain of ^eath, all men depart. 

[Exeunt ail except Montague, Lady Montague, and 

Mon. Who set this ancient qnarrel new abroach ? — 
Speak, nephew, were you by when it began ? 

Ben. Here were the servants of yonr adrersary. 
And yours, close fighting, ere I did approach : 
I drew to part them : in the inatBUt came 
The fiery Tybalt, with his sword prepar'd ; 
Which, as he breath'd defiance to my ears, 
He swung about his head, and cut the winds. 
Who, nothing hurt withal, his&'d him in scorn : 
While we were inte^anging thmsts and blows, 
Came more and more, and fought on part and part, 
Till the prince came, who parted either part. 

La. Afon. 0, where is Borneo ? — saw you him to-day? — 
Bight glad am I he was not at this fray. 

Ben. Madam, an hour before the worshipp'd sun 
Feer'd forth the golden window of the eeut, 
A troubled mind drave me to walk abroad ; 
Where — underneath the grove of sycamore 
That westward rooteth from the city's side — 
So eaily walking did I see your son : 
Towards him I made ; but he was ware of me. 
And stole into the covert of the wood : 
I — ^measuring his affections by my own. 
That most are busied when they're most alone — 
Pnrsn'd my humour, not pursuing his, 
And gladly shunn'd who gladly fled &om me. 

Mon. Many a morning hath he there been seen. 
With tears augmenting the fresh morning's dew. 
Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs ; 



Bnt all ao soon as the all-cheering enn 
Should in the farthest east b^;iii to draw 
The shady curtains from Aurora's bed. 
Away from light steals home m; heaTy son. 
And private in his chamber pens himself; 
Sbatg np his windows, locks fair daylight ont, 
And makes himself an artificial night ; 
Black and portentoos must this hamoor prove, 
Unless good counsel may the cause remove. 

Ben. My noble nncle, do yoa know the cause ? 

Mon, I neither know it nor can learn of him. 

Ben. Have you imp6rtun'd him by any means? 

Mon. Both by myself and many other friends : 
Bat he, his own affections' coansellor. 
Is to himself, — I will not say how true, — 
But to himself bo secret and so close, 
So Ear from sonnding and discovery, 
As is the bud bit with an envious worm. 
Ere he can spread hie sweet leaves to the air. 
Or dedicate bis beauty to the snn.^*' 
Could we but learn from whence bis sorrows grow, 
We would as willingly give cure as know. 

Ben. See, where he comes : so please yon, step aside ; 
I'll know his grievance, or be much denied. 

Mon. I would thoQ wert so happy by thy stay 
To hear true shrift. — Gome, madam, let's away. 

lExeunt Montague and iMdy. 

Enter KoMBO,'** 
Ben, Good morrow, coutdu. 
Bom. Is the day so young? 

Ben. But new struck nine. 

Bam. Ay me I sad hoars seem long. 

Was that my father that went hence so fast ? 

Ben. It was. — What sadness lengthens Romeo's hours ? 

Rom. Not having that, which having makes them short. 

Ben. In love ? 

Bom. Out — 

Ben. Of love? 

B<tm. Out of her favonr, where I am in love. 



Ben. AIbb, that love, so gentle in his view, 
Shoold be so tyrannous and rough in proof 1 

Som. Alas, that lore, whose view is mnffled still, 
Should, without eyee, see pathways to hie will t — 
"Where ahall we dine ? — me I — ^What fray wae here ? 
Yet tell me not, for I have heard it all. 
Here's much to do with hate, bat more with love : — 
Why, then, brawling love ! loving hate I 
any thing, of nothing first created ! 
O heavy lightness I serions vanity I 
MiB-ehapen chaoe of well-seeming forms !'^ 
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health I 
8till-waMng sleep, tiiat is not what it is ! — 
This love feel I, that feel no love in this. 
Dost then not langh ? 

Ben. No, coz, I rather weep. 

Rom. Good heart, at what ? 

Ben. At thy good heart's oppression. 

Bom, Why, sach is love's transgression. — *" 
Oriefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast ; 
Which thoa wilt propagate, to have it prest 
With more of thine : this love, that thou hast shown, 
Doth add more grief to too much of mine own. 
Love is a smoke rais'd with the fome of sighs ; 
Being pnrg'd,*^ a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes ; 
Being vez'd, a sea nonrish'd with lovers' tears : 
What is it else ? a madness most discreet, 
A choking gall, and a preserving sweet. — 
Farewell, my coz. 

Ben. Soft I I will go along : 

An if yon leave me so, yon do me wrong. 

Bom. Tat, I have lost myself; I am not here ; 
This is not Bomeo, he's some other where. ■ 

Ben. Tell me in sadness, who is that yoa love. 

Bom. What, shall I groan, and tell thee ? 

Ben. Groan I why, no; 

Bat sadly tell me who. 

Rom, Bid a sick man in sadness make his will, — 
Ah, word ill arg'd to one that is so ill ! — 
la sadness, coasio, I do love a vromao. 



Ben. I aim'd bo near, when I Buppos'd yon loT'd. 

Bom. A right good mark-man!"' — And she'a fair I love. 

Ben. A right fair mark, fair coz, is Booneat hit. 

Rom. Well, in that hit yon misB : she'll not be hit 
With Gnpid'B arrow, — Bhe hath Dian's wit ; 
And, in strong proof of chastity well arm'd, 
From love's weak childish how she lives nnharm'd.'"'' 
She will not stay the eiege of loving terms, 
Kor bide th' enconnter of assailing eyeB, 
Nor ope her lap to saint- sedncing gold : 
0, she ia rich in beanty ; only poor, 
That, when she dies, with her dies beauty's store."" 

Ben. Then she hath sworn that she will still live chaste ? 

Rom. She hath, and in that sparing makes hnge waste ; 
For beanty, starv'd with her severity, 
Cnta beanty off from all posterity. 
She is too fair, too wise ; wisely too fair. 
To merit blisB by making me despair : 
She hath forsworn to love ; and in that vow 
Do I live dead that live to teU it now. 

Ben. Be ml'd by me, forget to think of her. 

Rom. 0, teach me how I should forget to think. 

Ben. By giving liberty nnto thine eyes ; 
Examine otiier beauties. 

Rom. 'Tis the way 

To call hers, exquisite, in qneetion more : 
These happy masks^^ that kiss fair ladies' brows, 
Being black, pnt as in mind they hide the fair ; 
He that is strnoken blind cannot forget 
The precions treasure of his eyesight lost : 
Show me a mistress that is paBslng fair, 
What doth her beauty serve, bat as a note 
Where I maj^ read who pass'd that passing fair ? 
Farewell : thoa canst not teach me to forget. 

Ben. I'U pay that doctrine, or else die in debt. [Exeunt. 



SoEME n. Tke same. A street. 
Enter Capdlet, Pabib, and Serrent. 

Cap. Bat Montague ia bound &a well as I, 
In penalty alike ; and 'tis not hard, I think. 
For men so old as we to keep the peace. 

Par, Of hoDonrable reckoning are yon both ; 
And pity 'tis yon liv'd at odds bo long. 
But now, my lord, what say yon to my anit ? 

Cap. Bnt saying o'er what I have said before : 
My child is yet a stranger in the world, 
She bath not seen the change of fourteen years ; 
Let two more summers wither in their pride 
Ere we may think her ripe to be a bride. 

Par. Younger than she are happy mothers made. 

Cap. And too soon marr'd are those so early made."*^ 
The earth hath swallow'd all my hopes but she. 
She is the hopeful lady of my earth :"** 
Bnt woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart. 
My will to her consent is but a part ; 
An she agree, within her scope of choice 
Lies my consent and fair- according voice. 
This night I hold an old-accuatom'd feast, 
Whereto I have invited many a guest, 
Such as I loTc ; and you, among the store, 
One more, most welcome, makes my number more. 
At my poor house look to behold this nigbt 
Earth -treading stars that make dark hearen light : 
Such comfort as do lusty young men feel 
When well-appareli'd April on the heel 
Of limping Winter treads, even such delight 
Among fresh female buds shall you this night 
Inherit at my house ; hear all, all see, 
And like her most whose merit most shall be : 
Whilst on more view of many, mine, being one. 
May stand in number, though in reckoning none.*''* 
Come, go with me. — [To the Servant, giving him a paper'] Go^ 

sirrah, trudge about 
Through fair Terona ; find those persons out 



WhoBe names are vritten there, and to them say, 
My bonse and welcome on their pleasnre stay. 

[Exeunt Capulet and Paris, 
Serv. Find them ont whose names are written here ! It 
is written, that the shoemaker should meddle with his yard, 
and the tailor with Ms last, the fisher with his pencil, and the 
painter with bis nets ; bat I am sent to find those persons 
whose names are here writ, and can never find what names 
the writing person bath here writ. I must to tbe learned : — 
in good time. 

Enter Bentolio and Eoueo. 

Ben. Tat, man, one fire bams out another's baming. 

One pain is lessea'd by another's anguish ; 
Tom giddy, and be help by backward turning ; 

One desperate grief cares with another's languish : 
Take thou some new infection to thy eye, 
And the rank poison of the old will die. 

Rom. Your plantain -leaf is exceUeat for that. 
Ben. For what, I pray thee ? 

Rom. For yoar broken shin. 

Ben. Why, Borneo, art thou mad? 
Rom. Not mad, but bound more t^au a madman is ; 
Shut up in prison, kept without my food, 
Whipp'd and tormented, and — God-den, good fellow. 
Sen: God gi' god-den. — I pray, sir, can yon read ? 
Rom, Ay, mine own fortone in my misery. 
Serv. Perhaps yon have learned it withoat book : but, I 
pray, can yoa read any thing yon see ? 

Rom. Ay, if I know the letters and tbe language. 
Serv. Ye say honestly: rest you merry ! 
Rom. Stay, fellow; lean read. [Takes the paper and readt. 
" Signior Martino and his wife and daughters ; 
County Anselmo'^'') and his beauteous slaters ; 
Tbe lady widow of Vitnivio ; 
Signior Placentio and his lovely niecea j 
Mercutio and his brother Valentine ; 
Mine uncle Capulet, his wife, and daughten ; 
My 6iit niece Roealine and<"i Liria; 
Signior Yalentio and his coiuin I^balt ; 
Lucio and the lively Heleua.'* 



\Qwu^ back the paper] A fair oesembljr : whither Bhoold they 
oome ? 

Serv. Up. 

Rom. Whither? 

Serv, To snpper to onr house."*' 

Eom. 'Whose honse ? 

Serv, My master's. 

Horn, Indeed, I should have ask'd yon that before. 

Serv. Now I'll tell you withont asking : my master is the 
great rich Capnlet ; and if yon be cot of the house of Mon- 
tagaes, I pray, come and crash a cap of wine. Best yon 
merry ! {Exit, 

Ben. At this same ancient feast of Capolet's 
Saps the fair Rosaline whom thoa so lov'st ; 
With all th' admirM beauties of Verona : 
Go thither ; and, with anattainted eye, 
Compare her face with some that I shall show. 
And I will make Uiee think thy swan a crow. 
JRom. When the deront religion of mine eye 

Maintains each falsehood, then tnm tears to fires ; 
And these, — who, oflen drown'd, coald nerer die, — 

Transparent heretics, be burnt for liaiB I 
One &iier than my love I th' all-seeing snn 
Ke'er saw her match since first the world begun. 

Ben. Tat, tut,"^' yon saw her fair, none else being by, 
HerseK pois'd with herself in either eye ; 
But in that crystal ecales'*"' let there be weigh'd 
Your lady-love^'' against some other maid 
That I will show yon shining at this feast. 
And she shall scant show well that now shows best. 

Rom. I'll go along, no such sight to be shown, 
Bat to rejoice in splendour of mine own. [Exeunt. 

SoBHB m. The same. A room in Capulet'b hotise. 
Elder Lady Capdlet and Nmae. 
La. Cap. Korse, whete's my daughter ? call her forth to 



Nune. Now, by my maidenhead, — at twelve year old, — 
I bade her come. — ^What, lamb ! what, lady-bird ! — 
God forbid !—where'fl this girl?— What, JnHet! 

Enter JcuET. 

Jid. How now ! who calla ? 

Nurse, Yonr mother. 

Jul. Madam, I'm here. 

What is your will ? 

La. Cap. This is the matter, — Nurse, give leave awhile. 
We must talk in secret : — nurse, come baok again ; 
I have remember'd me, thou's hear our counsel. 
Thou know'st my daughter's of a pretty age. 
• Nurse. Faith, I can tell her age unto an hour. 

La. Cap. She's not fonrteeu. 

Niirge. I'll lay fourteen of my teeth, — 

And yet, to my teen be 't spoken, I have but four, — 
She is not fourteen. How long is it now 
To Lammas-tide ? 

La. Cap. A fortnight and odd days. 

Nurse. Even or odd, of all days in the year. 
Come Lammas-eve at night shall she be fourteen. 
Susan and she — God rest all Christian souls ! — 
Were of an age : well, Susan is with God ; 
She was too good for me : — but, as I said. 
On Lammas-eve at night shall she be fourteen ; 
That shall she, marry ; I remember 't well. 
'Tis since the earthquake now eleven years ; 
And she was wean'd, — I never shall forget it, — 
Of all the days of the year, upon that day : 
For I had then laid wormwood to my dug, 
Sitting in the sun nuder the dove-bouse wall ; 
My lord and you were then at Mantua : — 
Nay, I do bear a brain : — but, as I said. 
When it did taste the wormwood on the nipple 
Of my dug, ^nd felt it bitter, pretty fool. 
To see it tetchy, and fall out with the dug ! 
Shake, quoth the dove-boose : 'twas no need, I trow, 
To bid me trudge : 
And since that time it is eleven years ; 



Foi then she could Btand alone ; nay, b; the rood, 

She conld have nm and waddled all about ; 

For even the day before, she broke hot brow : 

And then my husband — God be with his soul ! 

'A. was a merry man — ^took np the child : 

" Yea," qnoth he, " dost then fall upon thy fiwia ? 

Thon wilt fall backward when thoQ hast more wit ; 

WUt thon not, Jale ?" and, by my halidom. 

The pretty wretch left crying, and said "Ay:" 

To see, now, how a jest ehall come about t 

I warrant, an I Bhoald live a thousand years, 

I never shoDld forget it : " Wilt thoa not, Jole ?" qnoth he ; 

And, pretty fool, it stinted, and said " Ay." 

La, Cap, Enongb of this ; I pray thee, hold thy peace. 

Nurse. Yes, madam : — yet I cannot choose bat laugh, 
To think it should leave ciying, and say " Ay :" 
And yet, I warrant, it had npon its brow 
A bnmp as big as a young cockerel's stone ; 
A parlous knock ; and it cried bitterly : 
" Yea," quoth my husband, " fall'st upon thy £Bce ? 
Thou wilt fall backward when thon oom'st to age ; 
Wilt thou not, Jnle ?" it stinted, and said " Ay." 

Jul, And stint thon too, I pray thee, nurse, say I, 

Nune, Peace, I have done. God mark thee to his grace 1 
Thon wast the prettiest babe that e'er I nurs'd : 
An I might live to see thee married once, 
I have my wish. 

La, Cap, Marry, that " marry " is the very dieme 
I came to talk of : — tell me, daughter Juliet, 
How stands your disposition to be married ? 

Jul. It is an honour that I dream not of. 

Nurse. An honour t were not I thine only nurse, 
I'd say thou hadst suck'd wisdom &om thy teat. 

La, Cap, Well, think of marriage now; younger than 
Here in Terona, ladies of esteem. 
Are made already mothers : by my count, 
I was your mother much upon these years 
That you are now a maid. Thus, then, in brief; — 
The valiant Paris seeks you for his love. 



Nurie. A man, jovaig ladyl lady, eaeh a maa 
Ab bU the world — why, he'a s man of wax. 

La. Cap. Verona's aonunet hath not snch a fiower. 

Nurse. Nay, he's a flower ; in &ith, a very flower. 

La. Cap. What say yon ? can yoa love the gentleman ? 
This night yon shall behold him at ooi feast ; 
Bead o'er the rolmne of young Paris' face. 
And find delight writ there with bettaty's pen; 
Examine erery married lineament. 
And see how one another lends content ; 
And what obacar'd in this fair Tolome lies 
Find written in the margent of his eyes. 
This precious book of love, this nnbonnd lover, 
To beantify him only lacks a cover : 
The fish lives in the sea ;"*' and 'tis mach pride 
For fair without the fair within to hide : 
That book in many's eyes doth share the glory, 
That in gold clasps locks in the golden story ; 
So shall yon share all that he doth possess, 
By having him, making yonrself no lees. 

Nurse. No less ! nay, bigger; women grow by men. 

La. Cap. Speak briefly, can yon like of Paris' love ? 

<7ul. I'll look to like, if looking liking move : 
Bat no more deep will I endart mine eye 
Than your consent gives strength to make it By. 

Enter a Servant. 
Serv. Madam, the gnests are come, snpper served ap, yoa 
called, myyoang lady asked for, the nnrse corsed in the pan- 
try, and every thing in extremity. I must hence to wait ; I 
beseech yon, follow straight. 

La. Cap. We follow thee. [Exit Servant.] — Jaliet, the 

county stays. 
Nurte. Qo, girl, seek happy nights to happy days. 




SoBHB rV. The same. A street, 

Enter Boueo, Mekcctio, Bekvolio, viithfive or six Maskers, 
Torch-beoreiB, and others. 

Bom. What, shall thia apeeoh be spoke for oar ezonse? 
Or shall we on vithoat apology 7 

Ben. The date is oat of sDch prolixity : 
We'll have no Copid hoodnink'd trith e, scarf, 
BeariDg a Tartar's painted bow of lath. 
Soaring the ladies like a crow-keeper ; 
Nor no without-book prologne, &intl7 spoke 
After the prompter, for our entrance : 
Bat, let them measore us b; what they will, 
We'll measate them a measare, and be gone. 

Bom. Give me a torch, — 1 am not for this ambling; 
Being bat heary, I will bear the light. 

Mer. Nay, gentle Borneo, we mnst hare yon dance. 

Bom. Not I, believe me : yon have dancing-shoes 
With nimble soles : I hare a goal of lead. 
So stakes me to the ground I cannot more. 

MeT. Yon are a lover ; borrow Cnpid's wings, 
And soar with them above a common boand. 

Rom. I am too sore enpiercdd**^ with his shaft. 
To soar with his light feathers ; and so bound, 
I uannot bomtd a pitch above doll woe : 
Under love's heavy harden do I sink. 

Mer. And, to sink in it, should yoa harden Ioto ; 
Too great oppression for a tender thing. 

Bom. Is love a tender thing ? it is too rongh. 
Too rode, too boisteroiiB, and it pricks like thorn. 

Mer. If love be rough vrith yon, be rough with love ; 
Piick love for pricking, and you beat love down. — 
Give me a case to pat my visage in : {Paitmj/ on a tnask. 
A visor for a visor ! — what oare I 
What curions eye doth quote deformities ? 
Here are the beetle-brows shall blush for me. 

Ben, Come, knock and enter ; and no sooner in, 
Bat every man betake bim to his legs. 

Bom. A torch for me : let wantons, light of heart, 

jb,Googlc — 


Tickle the senseleas raalies with their heels ; 
for I am proverb'd witli a grandeire phrase, — 
I'll be a candle-holder, aad look on, — 
The game was ne'er so fair, and I am dose. 

Mer. Tut, dnn's the mouse, the constable's own word : 
If thou art dun, we'll draw thee from the mire 
Of this sir-reverence loTe, wherein thon stick'st 
Up to the ears. — Come, we bum daylight, ho I 

Rom. Nay, that's not so. 

Mer. I mean, sir, in delay 

We waste onr lights in vain, like lamps by day. 
Take onr good meaning, for oar judgment sits 
Five times in that, ere once in our five wits.*"* 

Eom. And we mean well, in going to this mas([ne; 
But 'tis DO wit to go. 

Mer. Why, may one ask ? 

Rom. I dreamt a dream to-night. 

Mer. And so did I. 

Rom. Well, what was yonre ? 

Mer. That dreamers often lie. 

Eom. In bed asleep, while they do dream things true. 

Mer. 0, then, I see Qneen Mab hath been wil^ yoa. 
She is the fairies' midwife ;''" and she comea 
In shape do bigger than an agate-stone 
On the fore-finger of an alderman. 
Drawn with a team of little atomies 
Athwart men's noses as they lie asleep : 
Her wagon-spokes made of long spinnerfl' legs ; 
The cover, of the wings of grasshoppers ; 
The traces, of the smallest spider's web ; 
The collars, of the moonshine's watery beams; 
Her whip, of cricket's bone ; the lash, of film ; 
Her wagoner, a small gray-coated gnat. 
Not half so big as a ronnd little worm 
Prick'd from the lazy finger of a maid ; 
Her chariot is an empty hazel-nut,**® 
Made by the joiner squirrel or old grab. 
Time out o' mind the fairies' coachmakets. 
And in this state she gallops night by night 
Through lovers' brains, and then they dream of love; 



O'er courtiers' knees, that dream on conrt'sies straight ; 
O'er lawyers' fingers, vho straight dream on fees; 
O'er ladies' lips,"" who straight on kissea dream, — 
Which oft the angry Mah with bUsters plagnee, 
Beoaose their breatlis with sweetmeats tainted are : 
Sometime she gallops o'er a conrtier's nose,'*^ 
And then dreams he of smelling ont a snit ; 
And sometime comes ehe with a tithe-pig's tail 
Tickling a parson's nose as 'a'**' lios asleep, 
Then dreams he of another benefice : 
Sometime she drireth o'er a soldier's neck, 
And then dreams he of cutting foreign throats. 
Of breaches, ambnscadoes, Spanish blades. 
Of healths five-fathom deep ; and then anon 
Dmms in his ear, at which be starts, and wakes ; 
And, being thns frighted, eweara a prayer or two, 
And sleeps again. This is that very Mab 
That plats the manes of horses in the night; 
And bakes the elf-locks in fool slnttish hairs. 
Which once untangled, mnch misfortnne bodes : 
This is the hag, when maids lie on their backs. 
That presses them, and learns them first to bear. 

Making them women of good carriage : 

This is she— 

Rom. Peace, peace, Mercntio, peace I 

Thoa talk'st of nothing. 

Mer. True, I talk of dreams ; 

Which are the children of an idle brain, 

Begot of nothing but rain fantasy ; 

Which is as thin of sabstance as the air ; 

And more inconstant than the wind, who wooes 

Even now the frozen bosom of the north. 

And, being anger'd, puffs away from thence. 

Taming his face to the dew-dropping soath. 

Ben. This wind, yon talk of, blows ne &om onrselves ; 

Sapper is done, and we shall come too late. 

Rom. I fear, too early : for my mind misgives 

Some conseqnence, yet hanging in the stare. 

Shall bitterly begin his fearful date 

With this night's revels ; and expire the term 


«M BOUEO ABD JtnjET. [act t. 

Of a despisM life, cloa'd in my breast. 
By flome rile forfeit of untimely death : 
But He, that hath the steerage of my coarse, 
Direct my sail ! — On, Insty gentlemen ! 

Ben. Strike, dram.*" [Earctinf- 

SoEKE V. The tame. A hall in Capulet's htmae. 
Musicians leaithig. Enter Seirants. 

First Serv. Where's Potpan, that he helps not to take 
«wsy ? he shift a trencher I he scrape a trencher ! 

Sec. Sen: "When good manners shall lie all in one or two 
men's hands, and they unwashed too, 'tis a fool thing. 

First Serv. iway with the joint-stools, remove the eonrt- 
eapboard, look to the plate : — good thou, save me a piece of 
marchpane ; and, as thon lovest me, let the porter let in Susan 
Grindstone and Nell. — Antony Potpan !''" 

Sec. Serv, Ay, boy, ready. 

First Serv. Yoa are looked for and called for, asked for 
and sought for, in the great chamber. 

Sec. Serv. We cannot be here and there too. — Cheerly, 
boys ; be brisk awhile, and the longer lirer take all. 

[They retire behind. 

Enter Caphlbt, Lady Capdlct, Juubt, Tybalt, and otliers of the 
house, with the Guests mid Maskers. 
Cap. Welcome, gentlemen!'"* ladies that have their toes 
Unplagn'd with corns will have a bout with yon : — 
Ah ha, my mistresses ! which of yon all 
Will now deny to dance ? she that makes dainty, 
She,**" I'll swear, hath corns ; am I come near ye now ? — 
Welcome, gentlemen ! I have seen the day 
That I have worn a visor ; and could tell 
A whispering tale in a fair lady's ear, 
Such as would please ; — 'tis gone, 'tis gone, 'tis gone : 
You're welcome, gentlemen ! — Come, musicians, play. — 
A hall, a hall ! give room ! and foot it, girls. — 

[Mime pUips, and tliey dance. 
More light, you knaves; and tarn the tables np. 


acnn t.] BOHEO AND JULIET. 405 

And quench the fire, the room is grown too hot. — 
Ah, sirrah, this nnlook'd-for sport comee well. 
Nay, sit, nay, sit, good consin Gapnlet; 
for yon and I are past oar dancing days : 
How long is't now since last yourself and I 
Were in a mask ? 

Sec. Cap. By't lady, thirty years. 

Cap. What, man t 'tis not so much, 'tis not so mach : 
'Tie Bince the nuptial of Lncentio, 
Come Pentecost as quickly as it will. 
Some five-and-twenty years ; and then we mask'd. 

Sec. Cap. 'Tis more, 'tis more : hia son is elder, Bir ; 
His son is thirty. 

Cap. Will you tell me that ? 

His son was but a ward two years ago. 

Bom. {to a Servant] What lady's that, whie^ doth enrich 
the hand 
Of yonder knight ? 

Serv. I know not, flir. 

Eom. 0, she doth teach the torches to bum bright I 
Her beauty hangs upon the cheek of nighf "* 
Like a rich jewel in an Ethtop's ear; 
Beaaty too rich for use, for earth too dear I 
So shows a snowy do?e trooping with crows. 
As yonder lady o'er her fellows shows. 
The measure done. Til watch her place of stand. 
And, touching hers, make blessM my rode hand. 
Did my heart lore till now? fomwear it, sight f 
For I ne'er saw true beauty till Uiis night. 

Tyb. This, by bis voice, shoold be a Montagne : — 
Fetch me my rapier, boy : — ^what, dares the slave 
Come hither, cover'd with an antic face, 
To fleer and Boom at our solemnity 7 
Now, by the stock and honour of my Mn, 
To strike him dead I hold it not a sin. 

Ce^. Why, how now, kinfoinT' I wherefore storm yon 


Tyb. Uncle, tbia is a Montague, our foe ; 
A villain, that is hither come in spite, 
To scom at our solemnity this night. 


4M BOHEO iND JTHJEI. [un t. 

Cap. Yonng Borneo ia't? 

Tyb. "Tifl he, that villain Borneo. 

Cap. Content thee, gentle cos, let him slone. 
He be&TB him like a portly geotiemui ; 
And, to say troth, Teron& hrage of him 
To be a TirtaonH and well-govem'd yonth : 
I would not for the wealth of all this town 
Here in my honse do him disparagement: 
Therefore be patient, take no note of him, — 
It is my will ; the which if thoa reBpeot, 
Show a &ir presence, and put off these frowns. 
An ill'beseeming semblaDce for a feast. 

Tyb. It fits, when each a villain is a gnest : 
111 not endure him. 

Cap. He shall be endar'd : 

What, goodman boy I — I say, he shall ; — go to ; 
Jim I the master here, or yon ? go to. 
Yonll not endure him ! — God shall mend my sool, 
Toa'll make a mutiny among my gnests t 
Yon will set cook-a-hoop 1 yon'll be the man i 

Tyb. Why, micle, 'tis » shame — 

Cap. Oo to, go to ; 

You are a sanoy hoy : — is't so, indeed ? — 
This triok may chance to scathe yoa, — ^I know what : 
Yon most contrfiry me ! marry, 'tis time. — 
Well said, my hearts ! — Yon are a prinoox ; go : 
Be qniet, or — More light, more light ! — For shame ! 
Ill make yoa qoiet ; what ! — Cheerly, my hearts ) 

Tyb, Patience perforce with wilful choler meeting 
Makes my flesh tnniible in their different greeting. . 
I will wiUidraw : bat this intmsion shall. 
Now seeming sweet, convert to bitter gall.'"' [Exit. 

Rom, [to Juliet] If I pro&ne with my nnworthiest hand 
This holy shrine, the gentle fine'*^ is this, — 
My lips, two binshing pilgrims, ready stand 

To smooth that rough touch with a tender kisa. 
Jvl, Good pilgrim, yoa do wrong yonr hand too much, 
Which mannerly devotion shows in this; 
For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do toaeh. 
And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss. 



Rom. Have not Baints Hps, and hoi; palmers too ? 
Jul. Ay, pilgrim, lipB that they muBt ase in prayer. 

Horn. 0, then, dear aaint, let lips do what handa do ; 

They pray, grant thou, lest faith tarn to despair. 
JtU. Saints do not move, though grant for prayers' sake. 
Bom. Then move not, while my prayer's effect I take. 
Thus from my lips, by yonrs, my sin is pnrg'd. 

[Kming her. 
Jvl, Then haTe my lips the sio that they have took. 

Bom. Sin &om my lips ? O trespass sweetly nrg'd 1 

Give me my sin again. [Kisair^ her again. 

Jul. YoQ kiss by the book. 

Nurse. Madam, your mother craves a word with yon. 

Rom, What is her mother ? 

Nurse. Marrj^ bachelor. 

Her mother is the lady of the honse, 
And a good lady, and a wise and virtnons : 
I nars'd her daughter, that yon talk'd withal ; 
I tell yon, he that can lay hold of her 
Sha' ive the chinks.'*" 

J. 'III. Is she a Capolet ? 

dear accoant I my life is my foe's debt. 

Ben. Away, be gone; the sport is at the best. 

Bom. Ay, bo I fear ; the more is my unrest. 

Cap. May, gentlemen, prepare not to be gone ; 
We have a trifling foolish banqnet towards. — 
Ib it e'en so 7 why, then, I thank yon all ; 

1 thank you, honest gentlemen ; goodnight. — 
More torches here ! — Come on, then, let's to bed. 
[To Sec, Cap."] Ah, sirrah, by my fay, it waxes late : 

111 to my rest. [Exeunt all except Juliet and Nurse, 

Jid. Come hither, nnrse. What is yond gentleman ? 

Nune. The son and heir of old Tiberio. 

Jul, What's he that now is going 6ut of door ? 

Nurse. Marry, that, I think, be young Petmchio. 

Jul, What's he that fbllows there, that woold not danea? 

Nurse. I know not. 

Jul. Go, ask his name : — if he be married. 
My grave is like to be my wedding-bed. 

Nurse, His name is Borneo, and a Montague ; 


106 BOlfEO AND JULIET. [uc n. 

The only son of your great enemy. 

Jvi. My only love sprung from my only hate ! 
Too early seen auknown, and knovn too late t 
Prodigious birth of love it is to me. 
That I must love a loathM enemy. 

Nurae. 'What's this ? what's this ? 

Jul. A rhyme I leam'd even now 

Of one I danc'd withal, [One calls tcitliin, " Jnliet." 

Narte, Anon, anon ! — 

Come, let's away ; the strangers all are gone. [Exeunt. 

Enter Chorus. 
Chor. Now old desire doth in his death-bed lie. 

And yoang affection gapes to be his heir ; 
That fair, for which love groan'd for, and woald die, 

With tender JoUet match'd, is now not fair. 
Now Borneo is belov'd, and loyea again, 

Alike bewitched by the charm of looks ; 
But to his foe sappos'd he must complain. 

And she steal love's sweet bait &om fearful hooks : 
Being held a foe, he may not have access 

To breathe such tows as lovers nse to swear ; 
And she as mnch in love, her means much less 

To meet her new-beloved any where : 
Bnt passion lends them power, time means, to meet, 
Tempering extremities with Extreme sweet. {Exit. 


Scene I. Verona. An open 'place adjoining the Kail of 
Capolet'b orchard. 

Enter Boueo. 
Rom. Can I go forward when my heart is here ? 
Tnm back, dnll earth, and find thy centre oat. 

[He elitnhs the waU, and leaps dawn rcitkin it. 


taaxa i.} BOMEO AKD JULIET. 

Enter Behvolio and Mbrcutio. 

Ben. Borneo t my consiD Borneo ! 

Mer. He is wise ; 

And, on my life, IiAth stol'n him home to bed. 

Ben. He no thiB way, and leap'd this orchard-wall : 
Call, good Mercatio. 

Mer. Nay, Til conjoze too. — "** 

Borneo 1 hamoars ! madman t passion ! lover I 
Appear thon in the likeaess of a sigh : 
Speak but one rhyme, and I am BatieGed ; 
Cry bat " Ay me !" prononnce but " loTe" and " dove ;" 
Speak to my gossip Venus one &ir word, 
One nickname for her purblind son and heir, 
Toong Adam Capid,'*" be that shot bo trim, 
When Sing Copbetna lov'd the beggar-maid ! — 
He heareth not, be BtirreUi not, he moveth not ; 
The ape ib dead, and I most conjure him. — 
I conjore thee by Bosaline's bright eyes. 
By her high forehead and her scarlet lip. 
By her fine foot, straight leg, and goiTering thigh, 
And the demeaneB that there adjacent lie. 
That in thy likeness thou appear to ns ! 

Ben. An if he bear ibee, thon wilt auger him. 

Mer. This cannot anger him : 'twould anger him 
To raise a spirit in his mistress' circle 
Of some strange nature, letting it there Btand 
Till she had laid it and conjnr'd it down ; 
That were some spite : my invocation 
Is fair and honest, and, in bis mistress' name, 
I conjure only but to raise up him. 

Ben. Come, he hath hid himself among these trees, 
To be consorted with the humorous night : 
Blind is hia love, and best befits the dark. 

Mer. If love be bhnd, love cannot hit the mark. 
Now will be sit under a medlar-tree. 
And wish his mistress were that kind of frnit 
As maids call medlars, when tbey laugh alone. — ■ 
O, Romeo, that she were, that she were 
An open et-catera, thou a poperis pear I 


410 BOUEO AKD JtTLIXT. [un n. 

Borneo, good night : — I'll to my trackle-bed ; 
This field-bed is too cold for me to sleep : 
Come, shall we go ? 

Ben. Go, then ; for 'tis in Tain 

To seek hi m here that means not to be foond. [Exeunt. 

SCBKE n. The tame. CiSOhBT'a orcluird. 
Enter Bombo. 
Bom. He jests at scars that never felt a wound. — 

\Jidiet appeaTt above at a window. 
Bnt, soft ! what light thiongh yonder window breaks ? 
It is the east, and Juliet is the san 1— 
Arise, fair snn, and kill the enviona moon, 
Who is already siok and pale with grief, 
That thou her maid art &r more fair than she : 
Be not her maid, since she is envioas ; 
Her restal livery is bat pale'*^ and green. 
And none bat fools do wear it; cast it off.-— 
It is my lady ; 0, it is my love ! 

that she knew she were ! — 

She speaks, yet she saya nothing : what of that 9 
'Ret eye diBcoarses ; I will answer it. — ■ 

1 am too bold ; 'tis not to me she speaks : 
Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven. 
Having some bnsiness, do entreat her eyes 
To twinkle in their BphereB till they retnrn. 
What if her eyes were there, they in her head 7 

The brightness of her cheek vonld shame those stars. 
As daylight doth a lamp ; her eyes in heaven 
Woald throagh the airy region stream so bright, 
That birds would sing, and think it were not night. — 
See, how she leans her cheek upon her hand 1 
that I were a glove apon that hand, 
That I might toach that cheek I 

Jvl. Ay me 1 

Rom. She speaks: — 

O, speak again, bright angel 1 for thoa art 


aatam n.J BOHEO AND JDLIBT. 411 

As glorious to this night, being o'er m; head, 
Ab is a vlngM messeiiger of hearen 
Unto the white-aptnm^ vondering eyes 
Of mortals that fall back to gaze on him 
When he bestridoB the lazy-pacing'*** clonds 
And sails apon the bosom of the air. 

Jul. Romeo, Borneo I wherefore art thoa Romeo ? 
Deny thy father, and refase thy name ; 
Or, if thou wilt not, be but Bwom my Ioto, 
And m no longer be a Capnlet. 

Rom. [aside] Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this ? 

Jul, 'Tis bnt thy name that is my enemy ; — 
Thou art thyself though, not a Montague.'*^' 
"Wliat's Montague ? it is nor hand, nor foot, 
Nor arm, nor &ce, nor any other part 
Belonging to a man.'^ 0, be some other name I 
What's in a name ? that which we call a rose 
By any other name wonld smell as sweet ; 
3o Borneo would, were he not Bomeo oall'd. 
Retain that dear perfection which he owes 
Without that title : — Bomeo, doff thy name ; 
And for that name, which is no part of thee. 
Take all myself. 

Rom. I take thee at thy word : 

Call me bnt Iotc, and I'll be new baptiz'd ; 
Henceforth I never will be Bomeo, 

Jul, What man art then, that, thus bescreen'd in night. 
So Btnmblest on my coonsel ? 

Rom. By a name 

I know not how to tell diee who I am : 
My name, dear saint, ia hatefnl to myself, 
Becanse it ia an enemy to thee ; 
Had I it written, I woTild tear the word. 

Jul. My ears have not yet drank a himdred words 
Of that tosgne's ntterance, yet I know the soond : 
Art then not Romeo and a Montague ? 

Rom. Neither, fair saint, if either thee diBlike> 

Jul, How cam'st thoa hither, tell me, and whezefiSre ? 
The orchard-walls are high and hard to climb ; 
And the place death, cimsidering who thoa art, 


418 BOMEO AND JUUET. [loi n. 

If any of my kinamen fiDd thee here. 

Bom. With love's light wingB did I o'er-peroh Uiese wtJls ; 
For Btony limits csnoot hold love oat : 
And what lore can do, that dares love attempt ; 
Therefore thy kinsmen are do let to me. 

Jul. If they do see thee, they will morder thee. 

Bom. Alack, there lies more peril in thine ^e 
Than twenty of their swords : look thou but sweet, 
And I am proof against their enmity. 

Jul. I woold not for the world they saw thee here. 

Bom. I have night's cloak to hide me from their sight ; 
And bnt thoo love me, let them find me here : 
My life were better ended by their hate 
Than death prorognM, waiting of thy love. 

Jvi. By whose direction foand'st thon ont this place ? 

Bom. By love, who first did prompt me to inquire ; 
He lent me connsel, and I lent him eyes. 
I am no pilot ; yet, wert thon as &r 
As that vast shore wash'd with the furthest eea, 
I would adventore for each merchandise. 

Jul. Thon know'et the mask of night is on my face, 
Else wonld a maiden hlnsh bepaint my cheek 
For that which thou hast heard me speak to-night. 
Fain woold I dwell on form, foin, fain deny 
What I have spoke : but fitiewell compliment t 
Dost thon love me ? I know thon wilt say " Ay ;" 
And I will take thy word : yet, if thon swear'st, 
ThoQ mayst prove false ; at lovers' perjories. 
They say, Jove langhs. gentle Romeo, 
If thon dost love, prononnce it faithfnlly : 
Or if then think'st I am too quickly won, 
I'll frown, and be perverse, and say thee nay. 
So thon wilt woo ; bat else, not for the world. 
In truth, &ur Uontagoe, I am too fond ; 
And therefore thon mayst think my havioar light : 
But tmst me, gentleman, I'll prove more true 
Than those that have more canning to be strange. 
I should have been more strange, I must confess. 
But that thou overheard'st, ere X was ware, 
My true love's passion : therefore pardon me ; 



And not impute this yielding to light love, 
Wluch the dark ni^t hath bo discovered. 

Rom. Lady, by yonder blessed moon I swear. 
That tips with silrer all these froit-tree tops, — 

Jnl, O, swear not by the moon, th' inconstant moon. 
That monthly changes in her circled orb. 
Lest that thy love prove liliewise variable. 

Bom. What shall I swear by ? 

JvX. Do not swear at all ; 

Or, if thon wilt, swear by thy gracious self. 
Which is the god of my idolatry. 
And I'll believe thee. 

Rom. If my heart's dear love — 

Jul. Well, do not swear : although I joy in thee, 
I have no joy of this contract to-night : 
It is too rash, too unadris'd, too sndden ; 
Too like the lightning, which doth cease to be 
Ere one can say " It lightens." Sweet, good night ! 
This bad of love, by summer's ripening breath. 
May prove a beanteons flower when next we meet. 
Good night, good night ! as sweet repose and rest 
Come to thy heart as that within my breast ! 

Rom. 0, wilt thon leave me so unsatisfied ? 

Jvi, What satisfaction canst thon have to-night ? 

Earn. Th.' exchange of thy love's faithful vow for mine. 

Jul, I gave thee mine before thou didst request it ; 
And yet I would it were to give again. 

Rom. Wouldst thou withdraw it? for what purpose, love? 

Jul. Bat to be frank, and give it thee ^ain. 
And yet I wish but for the thing I have : 
My bounty is as bonndless as the sea, 
My love as deep ; the mora I give to thee. 
The more I have, for both are infinite. 
I hear some noise within ; dear love, adieu 1 — 

[^Witrse eali* within. 
Anon, good nurse ! — Sweet Montague, be true. 
Stay but a little, I will come again. lExit above. 

Rom. blessM, bless^ night ! I am afeard, 
Being in night, all this is but a dream. 
Too flattering-sweet to be substantial. 



Re-enter Jcliet above. 
Jid. Three wordB, dear Romeo, and good nigbt indeed. 
If that thy bent of loTe be honoorable. 
Thy pnrpose marriage, send me word to-morrow. 
By one that I'll prooore to come to thee. 
Where and what time thoa wilt perform the rite ; 
AmA all my fortimes at thy foot I'll lay. 
And follow thee my lord thronghoat the world. 
Nurse, [witkiii] Madam ! 

Jul. I come, anon :■ — Bat if thoa mean'at not well, 
I do beseech thee — 

Nurse, [wit/iin] Madam ! 

Jul. By and by, I come : — 

To cease thy soit,'^ and leave me to my grief : 
To-morrow will I send. 

Rom. So thrive my sonl — 

Jul. A thousand times good night ! [^Exit above. 

Bom. A thousand times the worse, to want thy light. — 
Love goos toward love, as schoolboys from their books ; 
Bat love from love, toward school with heavy looks. 

Se-enter Jdliki above. 
Jul. Hist t Bomeo, hist ! — for a falconer's voice, 
To Inre this tassel-gentle back ^ain ! 
Bondage is hoarse, and may not speak aload ; 
Else wonld I tear the cave where Echo lies. 
And make her airy tongne more hoarse than mine,'*°' 
"With repetition of my Romeo's name. 

Rom. It is my soul that calls upon my name : 
How silver-sweet sound lovers' tongces by night. 
Like softest masic to attending ears I 
Jul. Romeo! 

Rom. My dear?'**' 

Jul. At what o'clock to-morrow 

Shall I send to thee 9 

Rom. At the hont of nine. 

Jul. I will not fail : 'tis twenty years till then. 
I have forgot why I did call thee back. 

Rom. Let me stand here till thoa remember it. 



Jul. I shall forget, to have thee Btill stand there, 
Bemembering hov I love th; company. 

Bom. And Til Btill stay, to have thee still forget. 
Forgetting any other home but this. 

Jill. 'Tis almost morning ; I would hare thee gone, — 
And yet no further than a wanton's bird, 
Who lets it hop a little from her hand, 
Like a poor prisoner injiis twisted gyres. 
And with a silk thread plaoks it back again, 
So loTing-jealons of his liberty. 

Rom. 1 wonld I were thy bird. 

Jvi. Sweet, so wonld I : 

Yet I ehonld kill thee with mnch cherishing. 
Oood night, good night t parting is such sweet sorrow. 
That I shall say good night till it be morrow. ^Exit above. 

Bom. Sleep dwell upon thine eyes, peace in thy breast ( — 
Woold I were sleep and peace, so sweet to rest ! 
Hence will I to my ghostly father's cell, 
His help to crave, and my dear hap to tell. [Exit. 

SCESE in. The same. Friar XuWIBBNOb'b ceU. 
Enter Friar Laurence, with a hatket. 
Fri. L. The gray-ey'd mom smiles on the frowning night. 
Chequering the eastern clonds with streaks of hght; 
And flecked darkness like a dmnkard reels 
From forth day's path and Titan's fiery wheels : 
Now, ere the sun advance his burning eye. 
The day to cheer, and night's dank dew to dry, 
I mast np-fill this osier-cage of ours 
With baleful weeds and precioua-juicfed flowers. 
The earth, that's nature's mother, is her tomb ; 
What is her burying grave, that is her womb : 
And from her womb children of divers kind 
We sucking on her natural bosom find ; 
Many for many virtues excellent. 
None but for some, and yet all different. 
0, mickle is the powerful grace that lies 



III herbs, plaota, stones, and tbeir trne qnalities : 

For naught so vile that on the earth doth live, 

Bnt to tiie earth some special good doth give ; 

Nor anght bo good, bnt, strain'd from that fair use, 

BeTolta horn tme birth, stnmbling on abase : 

Virtne itself turns -vice, being misapplied; 

And vice sometime 's b; action dignified. 

Within the infant rind of this small flower 

Poison hath residence, and medicine power : 

For this, being smelt, with that part cheers each part; 

Being tasted, slays all senses with the heart. 

Two such opposed kings encamp'*^ them still 

In man as veil as herbs, — grace and mde will ; 

And where the worser is predominant, 

Fall soon the canker death eata np that plant. 

Enter Eomeo, 

Rom. Good morrow, father. 

Fri. L. Benedicite ! 

What early tongne so sweet salnteth me ? — 
Young son, it argues a distemper'd head 
So soon to bid good morrow to thy bed : 
Care keeps his watch in every old man's eye. 
And where care lodges sleep will never lie ; 
Bat where anbraised'*' yonth with nnstnfTd brain 
Doth coach his limbs, there golden sleep doth reign : 
Therefore thy earliness doth me aseore 
Thou art np-rous'd by some distempetatnte ; 
Or if not so, then here I bit it right, — 
Oar Borneo hath not been in bed to-night. 

Rom. That last is true ; the sweeter rest was mine. 

Fri. L. God pardon sin I wast thoa with Rosaline ? 

Rom. With Rosaline, my ghostly father? no; 
I have forgot that name, and that name's woe. 

Fri. L. That's my good son : bat where bast thou b< 

Rom. I'll tell thee, ere then ask it me agen. 
I have been feasting with mine enemy ; 
Where, on a sndden, one hath wonnded me. 
That's by me wonnded : both oar remedies 


•csm m.] BOHEO AND JDUEI. 

Within thy help mi holy physic lies : 
I bear no hatred, blees^d man ; for, lo. 
My interceBsioD likewise steads my foe. 

Fri. L. Be plain, good son, and homely in thy drift ; 
Biddling confession finds bnt riddling shrift. 

Bom. Then plainly know my heart's dear love is set 
On ike fail daughter of rich Capnlet : 
As mine on hers, so hers is set on mine ; 
And all combin'd, save what thon must combine 
By holy marriage : when, and where, and how, 
We met, we woo'd, and made exchange of tow, 
I'll tell thee as we pass ; bnt this I pray, 
That thoQ consent to marry qb to-day. 

jFH. L, Holy Saint Francis, what a change is here ! 
Is Bosaline, whom thon didst love so dear. 
So Boon forsaken ? yonng men's love, then, lies 
Not trnly in their hearts, but in their eyes. 
Jesa Maria, what a deal of brine 
Hath waeh'd thy sallow cheekB for Bosaline I 
How much salt water thrown away in waste. 
To season Iotc, that of it doth not taste t 
The Bun not yet thy sighs from heaven clears, 
Thy old groans ring yet in my ancient ears ; 
liO, here upon thy cheek the stain doth sit 
Of an old tear that is not wash'd off yet : 
If e'er thon wast thyself, and these woes thine. 
Then and these woes were all for Bosaline : 
And art thon chang'd 9 pronounce this sentence, then, — 
Women may tail, when there's no strength in men. 

Bom. Then chidd'st me oil for loving Bosaline. 

Fri. L. For doting, not for loving, pnpil mine. 

Rom, And bad'at me bury love. 

FVi. L. Not in a grave. 

To lay one in, another out to have. 

Bom. I pray thee, chide not : she whom I love now 
Doth grace for grace and love for love allow ; 
The other did not so. 

Fri, L. O, she knew well 

Thy love did read by rote, and conld not flpell. 
Bnt oome, yoong waverer, come, go with me, 



418 BOMEO AND JULIET. [^at u. 

Iq one respect Til ihj asBistant be ; 

For this alliance may so bappy prove. 

To tnm your honseholda' rancour to pare love. 

Som. 0, let Q8 hence ; I stand on sadden haste. 

F}-i. L. Wisely, and slow ; they stumble that run fest. 


Scene IV. The same. A street. 
Enter Bekvolio and Mkbcutio. 

Mer. Why, where the devil Bhould this Romeo be ? — '*** 
Came he not home to-night? 

Ben. Not to his father's ; I spoke with his man. 

Mer. Ah, that same pale hard-hearted wench, that Rosaline, 
Torments him so, that he will sure ran mad. 

Ben. Tybalt, the kinsman of old Capulet, 
Hath sent a letter to bis father's honse. 

Mer. A challenge, on my life. 

Ben. Romeo will answer it. 

Mer. Any man that can write may answer a letter. 

Ben. Nay, he will answer the letter's master, how he 
dares, being dared. 

Mer. Alas, poor Romeo, he is already dead ! stabbed with 
ft white wench's black eye ; shot thorough the ear with a love- 
song ; the very pin of his heart cleft Tvith the bUnd bow-boy's 
butt-shaft ; and is be a man to enconnter Tybalt ? 

Ben. Why, what is Tybalt ? 

Mer. More than prince of cats, I can tell you. O, he is 
the courageous captain of complements,""' He Sghts as yoo 
sing prick-song, keeps time, distance, and proportion; rests 
me his minim rest, one, two, and the third in your bosom : 
the very butcher of a silk button, a daelUst, a dueUist; a 
gentleman of the very first house, — of the first and second 
cause : ah, the immortal passado ! the punto leverso ! the 
hay! — 

Ben. The what ? 

Mer. The pox of such antic, lisping, affecting fentasti- 
coes; these new tuners of accents! — "By Jeau, a very good 
blade! — a very tall man! — a very good whore!" — Why, » 


Bcmm tr.] BOHEO AND JULIET. 41:9 

not this a lamentable thing, grandsire, that we shoold Iw 
thus afflicted with these strange flies, these fashion-mongers, 
tiieae pardonnez-moU, who stand bo much on the new form 
that they cannot sit at ease on the old henoh ? 0, their hont, 

Ben. Here oomee Borneo, here comes Borneo. 

Mer. Withont hia roe, like a dried herring : — flesh, 
flesh, how art thon fishified!— -Now is he for the nnmbera 
that Petrarch flowed in : Laura, to his lady, was bat a kitchen- 
wench, — ^marry, she had a better love to be-rbyme her ; Dido, 
a dowdy ; Cleopatra, a gipsy ; Helen and Hero, hildings and 
harlots; Thisbe, a gray eye or so, bat not to the parpose : — 

KntsT BouEa 
Signior Borneo, ton jour ! there's a French salutation to your 
French slop. Yon gare us the counterfeit fairly last night. 

Rom. Ctood morrow to you both. What counterfeit did 
I give yon ? 

Mer. The slip, sir, the slip ; can you not conceive ? 

Bom. Pardon, good Mercntio, my business was great ; and 
in sach a case as mine a man may strain courtesy. 

Mer. That's as much as to say, Such a case as years con- 
strains a map to bow in the hams. 

Rom. Meaning, to coart'sy. 

Mer. Thoa hast most kindly hit it. 

Bom. A most courteous exposition. 

Mer. Nay, I am the very pink of eoartesy. 

Rom. Pink for flower. 

Mer. Bight. 

Bom. Why, then is my pnmp well-flowered. 

Mer. Well said : follow me this jest now, till thou hasfi 
worn out thy pump; that, when the single sole of it is wcmh, 
the jest may remain, after the wearing, solely singular. 

Bom. O single-soled jest, solely singular for the single- 

Mer. Come between us, good BeuTolio, for my wits fail. 

Rom. Switch and spurs, switch and spars ; or I'll cry a 

Mer. Nay, if thy wits ran the wild-goose chase, I have 
done ; for thoa hast more of the wild-goose in one of thy 


430 BOUEO AND JULIET. [ur lb 

vitB than, I am eare, I bare in my whole fiVe : was I with yoa 
there for the goose ? 

Eom. ThoQ waBt never with me for any thing when thou 
waBt not there for the gooae. 

Mer. I will bite thee by the ear for that jest. 

Jtom. Nay, good goose, bite not. 

Mer. Thy wit is a very bitter sweeting ; it is a most sharp 

Rom. And is it not well served in to a sweet goose? 

Mer. 0, here's a wit of cheTeril, that Btretches from an 
inch narrow to an ell broad ! 

Som. Istretchitontforthat word "broad;" which, added 
to the goose, proves thee far and wide a broad goose. 

Mer. Why, is not this better now than groaning for love? 
BOW art thou sociable, now art thoa Borneo ; now art thoa 
what thoa art, by art as well as by natnre : for this drivelling 
love is like a great natural, that mns lolling np and down to 
hide his bauble in a hole. 

Ben. Stop there, stop there. 

Mer. Thoa desirest me to stop in my tale against the 

Ben. Thoa wooldst else have made thy tale large. 

Mer. 0, thoQ art deceived ; I woold have made it short : 
for I was come to the whole depth of my tale ; and meant, 
indeed, to oconpy the argament no longer. 

Bom. Here's goodly gear ! 

Hiiler IfuisB and Peter, 

Mer. A. Bail, a soil, a sail I 

Ben, Two, two ; a shirt and a smoclc."^' 

Nurie. Peter! 

Peter. Anon? 

Nurte. My fan, Peter. 

Mer. hide her face; for her fan's the fairer 

Nurse. Ood ye good morrow, gentlemen. 

Mer. Ood ye good den, fair gentlewoman. 

Nurse. Is it good den 7 

Mer. 'Tis no less, I tell you ; for the bawdy hand of the 
dial is now upon the prick of noon. 



Nune. Out upon yoa J what a man are yon I 

Bom. One, gentlewoman, that God hath made, for him- 
self to mar. 

Nwr$e. By my troth, it is well said ; — " for himself to 
jnar," qnoth 'a ? — Ctantlemen, can any of yoa tell ma whero 
I may find the yonng Romeo ? 

Bom. I can tell yoa; hot young Bomeo will he older when 
yoa hare foand him than he was when yoa songht him : I am 
the yonngeat of that came, for &alt of a worse. 

Nurse. Yon say well. 

Mer. Tea, is the worst well? very well took, i' £uth; 
wisely, wisely. 

Nurse. If yon be he, sir, I desire some confidence with 

Sen. She will iadite**** him to some sapper. 

Mer. A bawd, a bawd, a bawd ! So-ho 1 

Rom. What hast thoa foand ? 

Mer. Ko hare, sir; nnless a hare, sir, in a lesten pie, 
ihat is BomeUiing stale and hoar ere it be spent. ISingt. 

An old bare boar,* 

And on old hare hoar, 
Is very good meat in lent : 

But a hare ihat is hoar 

Is too maoh for a ecore. 
When it boais ere it be spent. — 

Romeo, will yoa come to yoar father's ? we'll to dinner thi- 

Bom. I will follow yoa. 

Mer. Farewell, ancient Udy; farewell, — [nnging] lady, lady, 
Udy.f lExeunt Mercutio and Benvolio. 

Nurae. Marry, farewell ! — I pray yon, air, what saa^ mer- 
chant was this, that was so fall of hie ropery ? 

Rom, A gentleman, nntse, that loves to hear himself talk, 
and will apeak more in a minute than he will stand to in a 

Nune. An 'a speak any thing against me, I'll take him 

■ An oJd hart lioar, fte.] " Tliwe Unes appear to have b«en part of an dd 
flong." HiLom. 

t ladf, lady, laiy."] The bnrien of an tU ItaDad: we TtBiiftk-NigM, 
ToL lU. p. 843 and note, 


439 BOMEO AND JULIET. ;;«« n. 

down, ftn 'ft were Instier than be ie, and twen^ sach Jacks ; 
Rnd if I cannot, I'll find thoBO that shall. Scarvj knave I I 
am none of his flirt-gills ; I am none of his Bkains-mates. — - 
And thoQ mast stand b; too, and anfier ereiy knave to nse 
me at his pleaEinte ? 

Peter. I saw no man use yon at his pleasure ; if I had, 
my weapon should qnictly have been ont, I warrant 70a : I 
dare draw as soon as another man, if I see occasion in a good 
qnarrel, and the law on my side. 

Nurse. Now, afore God, I am so vexed, that every part 
about me qnivsrs. Scurvy knave ! — Pray you, sir, a word : 
and, as I told you, my young lady bade me inquire you ont ; 
what she bade me say, I will keep to myself; but first let me 
tell ye, if ye shoold lead her into a fool's-paradise, as they 
say, it were a very gross kind of behaviour, as they say : for 
the gentlewoman is young; and therefore, if yoa should deal 
double with her, truly it were an ill thing to be offered to any 
gentlewoman, and very weak***' dealing. 

Rom. Norae, commend me to thy lady and mistress. I 
protest unto thee — 

Nurse. Good heart, and, i' faiUi, I will tell her as much : 
Lord, Lord, she will be a joyful woman. 

Rom. Wbat wilt thon tell her, nurse? thou dost not mark 

Nurse. I will tell her, sir, — that yoa do protest ; which, 
BB I take it, is a gentlemanlike offer. 

Rom. Bid her devise some means to come to shrift 
This afternoon ; 

And there she shall at Friat Laurence' cell 
Be shriv'd and married.'"' Here is for thy pains. 

Nurse. No, truly, sir ; not a penny. 

Rom. Go to ; I say you shall. 

Nwve. This afternoon, sti? well, she shall be there^ 

Rom. And stay, good nnrse, behind the abbey-wall : 
Within this honr my man shall be with thee. 
And bring thee cords made like a tackled stair ; 
Which to the high top-gallant of my joy 
Mast be my convoy in Uie secret night. 
Farewell ; be trusty, and I'll quite thy pains : 
Farewell ; commend me to thy mistress. 



Nurse, Now God in heaven bless thee ! — Hark yon, sir. 

Rom. What say'st thou, my dear nnrse? 

Nurse. Is yoar man secret? Did yon ne'er hear say, 
Two may keep coansel, patting one away ? 

Bom. H^ warrant thee, my man's as true as steel. 

Nurse. Well, sir ; my mistress is the sweetest lady — Lord, 
Loid ! when 'twas a little prating thing,— 0, there is a no- 
bleman in town, one Paris, that would fain lay knife aboard ; 
but she, good soul, had as lief see a toad, a very toad, as see 
him. I anger her sometimes, and tell her that Paris is the 
properei man ; but, I'll warrant yoa, when I say so, she looks 
as pale as any clont in the versa] world. Doth not rosemary 
and Romeo begin both with a letter ? 

Rom. Ay, nurse ; what of that ? both with an R. 

Nurse. Ah, mocker ! that's the dog's name; R is for the 
dog : no ; I know'^^' it begins with some other letter : — and 
she hath the prettiest sententlons of it, of yon and rosemary, 
that it wonld do yoa good to hear it. 

Rom. Commend me to thy hidy. 

Nurse. Ay, a thoasand times. [Exit Romeo.'] — Peter! 

Peter. Anon? 

Nurse. Peter, take my fan, and go before. [Exeunt. 

Scene V. Tke same. Capulet's orchard. 
Enter Jdliet. 
Jul. The clock strnck nine when I did send the nurse ; 
In half an hoar she promis'd to retnm. 
Perchance she cannot meet him : — that's not bo. — 
0, she is lame ! lore's heralds shonld be thongbta, 
Which ten times faster glide than the sun's beams, 
Driving back'"' shadows over loaring hills : 
Therefore do mmble<pinion'd doves draw love. 
And therefore hath the wind-swift Cnpid wings. 
Now is the sun upon the highmost hill 
Of this day's jonmey; and from nine till twelve 
Is three long boars, — ^yet she is not come. 
Had she affeotions and warm yonthfal blood. 


494 BOHEO AKS JTUET. [i«T n. 

She'd be &s sviit in motion as ft ball ; 

My words wonld band; her to my sweet loye, 

And his to me : 

Bnt old fol^B, man; feign as they were dead;'** 

Unwieldy, elow, heavy and pale ag lead. — 

God, she comes ! 

Enter Nuiee and Peteb. 
honey nurse, what news ? 
Hast thon met with him ? Send thy man away. 
■ Nur. Peter, stay at the gate. {Exit Peter. 

Jul. Now, good sweet norse, — Lord, why look'st thou 
Though news be sad, yet tell them merrily; 
If good, thoo aham'st the muBto of Bweet news 
By playing it to me with so sour a iaoe. 

Nur. I am a-weary, give me leave awhile : — 
Fie, how my bones ache I what a jaunt have I hadl 

Jul. I would thoQ hadst my bones, and I thy news : 
Kay, come, I pray Uiee, apeak ; — good, good nurse, speak. 

Nur. JeBU, what haste 7 can yon not stay awhile? 
Do yoQ not see that I am ont of breath ? 

Jul. How art tboa oat of breath, when thoa hast breath 
To say to me that then art ont of breath ? 
Th' excase that thoa dost make in this delay 
Is longer than the tale thoa doet excnse. 
Is thy news good or bad ? answer to that; 
Say either, and I'll stay the ciroumBtance: 
Let me be satisfied, is't good or bad ? 

Nur. Well, yon have made a simple choice; yon know 
not how to choose a man: Borneo I no, not he; thongh his 
face be better than, any man's, yet his leg excels all men's; 
and for a hand, and a foot, and a body, — thoagh they be 
not to be talked on, yet they are past compare : he ia not the 
flower of coartesy, bat, I'll warrant him, as gentle as a lamb. 
— Go thy ways, wench ; serve God. — ^What, have yoa dined 
at home ? 

Jul. No, no : bat all this did I know before. 
What says he of oar marriage ? what of that ? 

Nur. Lord, how my head aches I what a head have 1 1 


tcsKi ri] EOMEO AND nnUET. 496 

It beats aa it would &U in twenty pieces. 

My back o' t' other side, — 0, my back, my back ! — 

Beshrew yoar heart for Bending me abont, 

To catch my death with jannting np and down I 

Jid, V faith, I'm sorry that thou art not well. 
Sweet, sweet, Bweet norse, tell me, what says my love ? 

Nut. Your love eaye/**^ like an honest gentleman, 
And a coorteonB, and a kind, and a handsome, 
And, I warrant, a Tirtnons, — Where is yonr mother ? 

Jul. Where is my mother I — why, she Ib within ; 
Where shoold she be ? How oddly then repHest ! 
" Yoar love Bays, like an honest gentleman, — 
Where is yonr mother?" 

Nut. Ood's lady dear ! 

Are yon so hot ? marry, come np, I trow ; 
Ib this the ponltice for my aching bones ? 
Henceforward do yonr mesBages yourself. 

Jvl. Here's snch a coil ! — come, what says Borneo ? 

Nur. Have yon got leave to go to shrift to-day ? 

Jvl. I have. 

Nur. Then hie yon hence to Friar Laarence' cell ; 
There stays a hnshand to make yon a wife : 
JKow comes the want«n blood np in yonr cbeeka. 
They'll be in scarlet straight at any news."" 
Hie yon to chorch ; I must another way, 
To fetch a ladder, by the which yonr love 
Mast climb a bird's-nest soon when it is dark : 
I am the dmdge, and toil in yonr delight ; 
Bnt yoa shall hear the burden booq at night. 
do; 1*11 to dinner ; hie yon to the ceU. 

Jvl, Hie to high fortone ! — Honest narse, farewell. 


SosNE YI. The eame. Friar Laubbncb's eell. 
Enter Friar Laubbmcb and Bomeo. 
Fri. L. So smile the heavens upon Uiis holy act, 
That after-honrs with sorrow chide as not! 

Rom. Amen, amen 1 bat come what sorrow can. 


496 BOHEO AND JULIET. [un n. 

It cannot coanterrail th' exchsnge of joy 
That one Bhort minnte gives me in bet Bigbt: 
Do thoa but close our bands witb boly words, 
Tben loTe-devooring death do what he dare, — 
It is enongb I may bat call her mine. 

Fri. L. These riolent delights have violent ends, 
And in their triumph die ; like fire and powder, 
Which, as the; kiss, consume : the sweetest honey 
Is loathsome in his own delicionsness. 
And in the taste confonnde the appetite : 
Therefore, love moderately ; long love doth so ; 
Too Bwift arrives as tardy as too slow. — 
Here comes tbe lady: — 0, so light a foot 
Will ne'er wear ont the everlasting flint : 
A lover may bestride tbe gosBamer**" 
That idles in the wanton snmmer air. 
And yet not fall ; so light is vanity. 

Enter JtiUBT. 

Jul. Good even to my ghostly confessor. 

Fri. L. Borneo shall tbank tbee, daughter, for ns both. 

Jul. As macb to bim, else is bis tbanka too much. 

Rom. Ah, Jnliet, if tbe measure of thy joy 
Be heap'd like mine, and that tby skill he more 
To blazon it, tben sweeten witb thy breath 
This neighbour air, and let rich music's tongue 
Unfold th' imagin'd happiness that both 
Receive in either by ibis dear encounter. 

Jul. Conceit, more rich in matter than in words. 
Brags of bis substance, not of ornament : 
They are hut beggars that can count their worth ; 
But my true love is grown to such excess, 
I cannot sum up half my sum of wealth.**" 

Fri. L. Oome, come with me, and ne will make short 
For, by your leaves, you shall not stay alone 
Till holy church incorporate two in one. [Exeunt. 



Scene I. Verona. A public place. 
Enter Msacvjio, Bentouo, Page, and Servants. 

Ben. I pray thee, good Mercatio, let's retire : 
The da; is hot, the Capalets abroad. 
And if we meet, we shall not scape a brawl ; 
For now, these hot days, ia the mad blood stirring. 

Mer. Thoa art like one of those fellows that, when be 
enters the confines of a tavern, claps me his sword upon the 
table, and says, "God send me no need of thee!" and, by the 
operation of the second cnp, draws it on the drawer, when, 
indeed, there is no need. 

Ben. Am I like sach a fellow ? 

Mer, Come, come, than art as hot a Jack in thy mood as 
finy in Italy ; and as soon moved to be moody, and as soon 
moody to be moved. 

Ben. And what to ?'** 

Mer. Nay, an there were two such, we should have none 
shortly, for one wonld kill the other. Thou ! why, thon wilt 
qoarrel with a man that hath a hair more or a hair less in 
his beard than thoa hast : thoa wilt qnarrel with a man for 
cracking nnts, having no other reason bnt because thoa hast 
hazel eyes ; — what eye, but snoh an eye, woold spy ont each 
A quarrel ? Thy head is as full of qnarrels as an egg is foil of 
meat ; and yet thy head hath been beaten as addle as an egg 
for qaarrelling : thoa hast qaarrelled with a man for cough- 
ing in \he street, becanse he hath wakened thy dog that hath 
lain asleep in the snn : didst thoa not fall out with a tailor 
for wearing his new doublet before Easter ? with another, for 
tying hia new shoes with old riband ? and yet thoa wilt tutor 
me from qnarrelUog I 

Ben. An I were so apt to qaarrel as thou art, any man 
shoold bay the fee-simple of my life for an hour and a quarter, 

Mer. The fee-simple I simple ! 

Ben. By my head, here come the Capnlets. 

Mer. By my heel, I care not. 



Enter Tybalt and others. 

Tyb. Follow me close, for I will epeak to tiiem. — 
Gentlemen, good den : a word with one of yon. 

Mer. And bat one word with one of ne ? conple it with 
something ; make it a word and a blow. 

Tyb. Ton shall find me apt enough to that, sir, an yoa 
will give me occaeion. 

Mer. Conld yon not take some occasion withoat giving 7 

Tyb. Mercatio, thon consort'st with Romeo, — 

Mer. Consort! what, dost thoa make ns minstrels? an 
thon make minstrels of ns, look to hear nothing but dis- 
cords : here's my fiddlestick ; here's that shall make yoa 
dance. Zonnds, consort! 

Ben. We talk here in the pablio haunt of men : 
Either withdraw nnto some private place. 
And reason'^' coldly of yonr grievances. 
Or else depart; here all eyes gaze on ns. 

Mer. Men's eyes were made to look, and let them gase ; 
I vrill not badge for no man's pleasnre, I. 

Tyb. Well, peace be vrith yoa, bit : — here comes my man. 

Enter Rohbo. 

Mer. Bnt Til be hang'd, sir, if he wear your lively : 
Marry, go before to field, he'll be yoar follower; 
Year worship in that sense may call him man. 

Tyb. Romeo, tiie hato I bear thee can afford 
No better term than this, — then art a villain. 

Rom. Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee 
Doth mach excuse the appertaining rage 
To saoh a greeting ; — -nllain am I none : 
Therefore farewell ; I see thon know'st me not. 

Tyb. Soy, this shall not ezcnse the injuries 
That thoa hast done me; therefore torn, and draw. 

Rom. I do protest I never injar'd thee ; 
Bat love thee better than tJioa canst devise, 
Till thon shalt know the reason of my love : 
And so, good Capnlet, — which name I tender 
As dearly as my own, — be satisfied. 

Mer. calm, dishonoarable, vile sabmission ! 



Alia ttoccata canies it awaj. — '"' [Droit's, 

Tybalt, yon rat-catcher, will you walk ? 

Tyb. What wooldat thon have with me ? 
f Mer. Good king of cata, nothing hat one of your nine 
lives; that I mean to make bold withal, and, as yoa shall use 
me hereafter, diy-beat the rest of the eight. Will yon plack 
yooT Bword oat of his pilcfaer by the ears ? make haste, lest 
mine be about yonr ears ere it be oat. 

Tyh. I am for you. [Drawing. 

Bom. Gentle Mercatio, pot thy rapier ap. 

Mer. Come, sir, your passado. ITTieyJight. 

Rom. Draw, Benvolio ; beat down their weapons. — 
Gentlemen, for ahame, forbear this outrage I 
Tybalt, — Mercntio, — the prince expressly hath 
Forbidden bandying in Verona streets : — 
Hold, Tybalt !— good Mercntio,— 

lExeunt Tybalt and hia Fnenda. 
Mer, I am hart ; — 

A plagae o' both yonr houses I"" — I am sped ; — 
Is he gone, and hath nothing ? 

Ben. What, art thon hart ? 

Mer. Ay, ay, a scratch, a scratch ; marry, 'tis enoagh. — 
Where is my page? — Go, rillain, fetch a snrgeon. \ExitPage. 

Bom. Courage, man ; the hnrt cannot be much. 

Mer, No, 'tis not so deep as a well, nor bo wide as a church- 
door ; but 'tis enough, 'twill serve : ask for me to-morrow, 
and you shall find me a grave man. I am peppered, I war- 
rant, for Hda world : — a plagae o' both yonr houses ! — Zonnds, 
a dog, a rat, a moose, a cat, to scratch a man to death ! a brag- 
gart, a rogue, a villain, that fights by the book of arithmetic ! 
— Why, the devil, came yon between us? I was hnrt under 
yoar arm. 

Rom. I thought all for the beat. 

Mer. Help me into some house, Benvolio, 
Ot I shall faint. — A plagne o' both your hoasea ! 
They have made worms'-meat of me : I have it, 
And soundly too ; — yonr houses ! 

{Exit, led by Benrolio and Servants. 

Rom. This gentleman, the prince's near ally. 
My very fiiend, hath got his mortal hart 


480 HOMEO Ain> JULIET. Uft m. 

In my behalf; my repntation stain'd"*' 
With Tybalt's slander, — Tybalt, that an honr 
Hath been my kinsman : — sweet Joliet, 
Thy beaaty hath made me effeminate. 
And in my temper soflen'd Talonr'a steel ! 

Re-enter Benvolio. 

Ben. Romeo, Romeo, brave Mercntio's dead ! 
That gallant spirit hath aspir'd the clonds, 
"Which too nntimely here did ecorn the earth. 

Rom. This day's black fate on more days doth depend ; 
This but begins the woe others mast end. 

Ben. Here comes the furious Tybalt back again. 

Bom. Alive, in triamph t and Mercutio slain ! 
Away to heaven respective lenity. 
And fire-ey'd fury be my conduct now ! 

Re-enter Tybalt. 
Now, Tybalt, take the " villain" back again 
That late thou gav'st me ; for Mercutio's soul 
Is but a little way above our heads, 
Staying for thine to keep him company: 
Either thou or I, or both, must go with him. 

Tyb, Thou, wretched boy, that didst consort him here, 
Shalt with him hence. 

Rom. This shall determine that. 

lTli£yJight; TyhaltfalU. 
Ben. Romeo, away, be gone I 
The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain : — 
Stand not amaz'd : the prince will doom thee death. 
If thon art taken : — hence, be gone, away ! 
Bom. 0, 1 am fortune's fool ! 
Ben. Why dost thou stay ? 

\Exit Romeo. 
Enter Citizens and Officers. 
First Off. Which way ran he that kill'd Mercutio ? 
Tybalt, that murderer, which way ran he ? 
Ben. There lies that Tybalt. 
First Off. Up, sir, go with me; 

I charge thee in the prince's name, obey. 


Bon 1.] BOHEO AND JDMET. 431 

Sttler Prince, atitrtded ; Montaoob, Capclet, Lady Mostaque, 
I^dy Capulbt, and others. 

Prin. Where are the vile beginners of thia fray? 

Ben, noble prince, I can discover all 
Th' unlucky manage of this fatal brawl :. 
There hes the man, slain by yonng Borneo, 
That slew tby kinsman, brave Mercatio. 

La. Cap. Tybalt, my coasin ! my brother's child ! — 
O prince !— hosband ! — 0, the blood ia spilt 
Of my dear kinsman !'**' — Prince, as thon art true, 
For blood of ours shed blood of Montagne. — 
O cousin, coasin ! 

Prin. Benvolio, who began this bloody fray? 

Ben. Tybalt, here slain, whom Romeo's hand did slay; 
JKomeo, that spoke him fair, bade him bethink 
How nice the quarrel was, and nrg'd withal 
Yonr high displeasure : — all this — uttered 
With gentle breath, calm look, knees humbly bow'd — 
Could not take truce with the nnraly spleen 
Of Tybalt deaf to peace, but that he tilts 
With piercing steel at bold Mercutio's breast ; 
Who, all as hot, turns deadly point to point, 
And, with a martial scorn, with one hand beats 
Cold death aside, and with the other sends 
It back to Tybalt, whose deiterity 
Betorts it : Romeo he cries aloud, 

"Hold, friends! friends, part!" and, swifter than his tongue, 
His agile arm beats down their fatal points. 
And 'twixt them rushes ; underneath whose arm 
An envious thrust from Tybalt hit the life 
Of stoat Mercatio, and then Tybalt fled : 
But by and by comes back to Bomeo, 
Who had but newly entertain'd revenge. 
And to 't they go like lightning ; for, ere I 
Oould draw to part them, was stout Tybalt slain; 
And, as he fell, did Romeo tarn and Sy: — 
This is the truth, or let Benvolio die. 

La. Cap. He is a kinsman to the Montagne, 
Affection makes bim false, he speaks not true : 



Some twenty of them fought in this bl&ck strife, 
And all those twenty conld bnt kill ona life. 
I beg for jnatice, which thou, prince, mast give ; 
Borneo slew Tybalt, Borneo must not live. 

Prin. Komeo slew him, he slew Merootio ; 
"Who now the price of his dear blood doth owe ? 

Mon. Not Borneo, prince, he was Mercntio's friend ; 
His fault concludes but what the law sboold end, 
The life of Tybalt. 

Prin. And for that offence 

Immediately we do exile him hence : 
I have an interest in year hate's proceeding, 
My blood for yonr rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding; 
But I'll amerce you with so strong a fine. 
That yon shall tJl repent the loss of mine : 
I will be deaf to pleading and ezcnses ; 
Nor tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses, — 
Therefore use none : let Borneo hence in haste, 
Else, when he's found, that hour is his last. 
Bear hence this body, and attend our will : 
Mercy but murders, pardoning those that kill. [Exeunt^ 

Scene II. Tlte same. Capulet's orchard. 

Enter Juubt. 
JtU. Oallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds, 
Towards Phcebas' lodging:'™ such a wagoner 
As Phatithon "would whip you to the west. 
And bring in cloudy night immediately. — 
Spread thy close curtain, love-performing night, 
That rude day's eyes may wink, and Borneo 
Leap to these arms untalk'd-of and unseen. — "" 
Lovers can see to do their amorous rites 
By their own besaties ; or, if love be blind, 
It best agrees with night. — Come, civil night. 
Thou sober-Buited matron, all in black, 
And learn me how to lose a winning match, 
Flay'd for a pair of stainless maidenhoods : 



Hood mj onmanii'd blood, bating in my cheeks. 

With thy black mantle ; till strange love, grown'"' bold. 

Think true love acted simple modeety. 

Come, night ; — come, Bomeo, — come, thou day in night ; . 

For thoQ wilt lie upon the wings of night 

Whiter than enow upon"* a raven's back. — 

Come, gentle night, — come, loving, black-brow'd night, 

Give me my Bomeo ; and, when he shall die, 

Take him and cnt him ont in Uttle stata. 

And he will make the face of heaven so fine. 

That all the world will be in lore with night, 

And pay no worship to the garish snn. — 

0, 1 have boagbt the mansion of a love, 

But not posBess'd it ; and, though I am sold, 

Not yet enjoy'd : so tedious ie this day, 

Ab is the night before some festiTal 

To an impatient child that hath new robes 

And may not wear them. — 0, here comes my norse. 

And she brings news ; and every tongue that ^eaks 

Bat Bomeo'fi name speaks heavenly eloqaence. 

Sjiter JTurse, with cords. 
Now, nurse, what news? What hast thon there? -the cords 
That Bomeo bid thee fetch ? 

Nune. Ay, ay, the cords. 

[Throws them down. 

JiU. Ay me ! what news ? why dost thon wring thy hands '.' 

Nurse. Ah, well-a-day I he's dead, he's dead, he's dead ! 
We are undone, lady, we are undone ! — 
Alack the day ! — he's gone, he's kill'd, he's dead ! 

Jul. Can heaven be so envious ? 

Nurse. Bomeo can. 

Though heaven cannot : — Bomeo, Bomeo ! — 
Who ever would have thought it ? — Bomeo ! 

Jul. What devil art thou, that dost torment me thus ? 
This torture should be roar'd in dismal hell. 
Hath Bomeo slain himself? say thon bnt "I," 
And that bare vowel " I" shall poison more 
Than the death-dartiog eye of cockatrice :'^** 
I am not I, if there be snch an " I ;" - 



i9i ROHEO AND JULIET. [jtor ui. 

Or tkoB6 eyes Bhnt,'^*' that make thee answer " I." 
If he be slain, say "I;" or if not, "no:" 
Brief sonnds determine of my weal or woe. 

Nurse, I eaw the wound, I saw it with mine eyes, — 
God save the mark ! — here on his manly breast : 
A piteous corse, a bloody piteons corse ; 
Pale, pale as ashes, all bedanb'd in blood. 
All in gore-blood ; — I swooned'^^ at the sight. 

Jul. 0, break, my heart t — poor bankrupt, break at once ! 
To prison, eyes, ne'er look on liberty ! 
Vile earth, to earth resign ; end motion here ; 
And thou and Romeo press one he&vy bier ! 

Nurse. Tybalt, Tybalt, the best friend I had ! 
courteous Tybdlt ! honest gentleman ! 
That ever I should live to see thee dead ! 

Jul. What storm is this that blows so contrary ? 
Is Borneo slaughter' d, and is Tybalt dead ? 
My dear-loT'd cousin, and my dearer lord ? — 
Then, dreadful trumpet, sound the general doom ! 
For who is living, if those two are gone ? 

Nurse. Tybtdt is gone, and Bomeo banished; 
Romeo that kill'd him, he is banished. 

Jul. God !— did Romeo's hand shed Tybalt's blood ? 

Nurse. It did, it did ; alas the day, it did ! 

Jul. serpent heart, hid with a flowering face ! 
Did ever dragon keep bo fair a caTe ? 
Beautiful tyraiit ! fiend angelical ! 
Dove- feather 'd raven !"" wolvish-raTening lamb ! 
Despised substance of divinest show ! 
Jnst oppositerto what thou justly seem'st, 
A damned saint, an honourable villain ! — 
nature, what hadst thou to do in hell. 
When thou didst bower the spirit of a fiend 
In mortal paradise of such Bweet flesh ? — 
Was ever book containing such vile matter 
So fairly bound ? 0, that deceit Bhonld dwell 
In such a gorgeous palace ! 

Nurse. There's no trust. 

No faith, no honesty in men ; all perjnr'd, 
All forsworn, all naught, all dissemblers. — 



Ah, Where's my mao? give me some aqua-viUe: — 
These griefo, these woes, these sorrows make me old. 
Shame come to Romeo 1 

Jul. Blister'd be thy tongue 

. For such a wish ! he was oot bom to shame : 
Upon hig brow shame is asham'd to sit ; 
For 'tis a throne where honour may be crown'd 
Sole monarch of the aniversal earth. 
O, what a beast was I to chide at him ! 

Ntirie. Will you speak well of him that kill'd yonr 

Jill, Shall I speak ill of him that is my hnsband ? 
Ah, poor my lord, what tongtie shall smooth thy name. 
When I, thy three-honrs wife, have mangled it ? — 
But wherefore, Till&in, didst thon kill my consin ? 
"That villain consin wonld have kill'd my hnsband: 
Back, foolish tears, back to yonr natire spring ; 
Tonr tribntaty drops belong to woe, 
"Which yon, mistaking, offer np to joy. 
My hnsband lives, that Tybalt wot^d hare slain ; 
Asd Tybalt's dead, that wonld have slain my hasband : 
All this is comfort ; wherefore weep I, then ? 
"Some word there was, worser than Tybalt's death. 
That marder'd me : I would forget it fain ; 
Bat, 0, it presses to my memory. 
Like damned gnilty deeds to sinners' minds : 
" Tybalt is dead, and Borneo — banished ;" 
That " banished," that one word " banish^," 
Hath slain ten thousand Tybalts. Tybalt's death 
Was woe enough, if it had ended there : 
Or, — if 8our woe delights in fellowBhip, 
And needly will be ronk'd with other griefs, — 
Why follow'd not, when she said " Tybalt's dead," 
Thy father, or Uiy mother, nay, or both. 
Which modem lamentation might have mov'd ? 
But with a rear-ward''*' following Tybalt's death, 
"Romeo is banished," — to speak that word. 
Is father, mother, Tybalt, Borneo, Juliet, 
All slain, all dead: — "Romeo is banished," — 
There is no end, no limit, measure, bound. 


436 BOHEO AND JULIET. [act m. 

In that word's death ; no words can that woe sound. — 
Where is mj fcther, and mj mother, narae? 

Nunc. Weeping and wailing over Tybalt's corse : 
Will yoQ go to them ? I will bring yon thither. 

Jid. Wash theyhiswoondawith tears: mineshall be spent. 
When theirs are dry, for Romeo's banishment. 
Take ap those cords : — poor ropes, yon are begail'd. 
Both yon and I ; for Romeo is exil'd: 
He made yon for a highway to my bed ; 
Bnt I, a maid, die maiden-widowed. 
Come, cords ; come, unrse ; I'll to my wedding-bed ; 
And death, sot Romeo, take my maidenhead ! 

Nurse. Hie to yonr chamber : I'll find Borneo 
To comfort yoa : — I wot well where he is. 
Hark ye, your Romeo will be here at night : 

I'll to him ; he is hid at Laorence' cell. 
Jul. 0, find him t give this ring to my tme knight, 

Aad bid him come to take his last farewell. [Exeunt. 

ScEKE m. The same. Friar L&UBEMcB'e cell. 
Enter Friar Laukekob. 
Fri. L. Bomeo, come forth ; come forth, tbon fearfEil man : 
Affliction is enamoar'd of thy parts. 
And then art wedded to calamity, 

Enfer BouEO. 

Eom. Father, what news ? what is the prince's doom ? 
What sorrow craves acqnaintance at my hand, 
That I yet know not ? 

Fri. L. Too familiar 

Ib my dear son with snch sour company : 
I bring thee tidings of the prince's doom. 

Rom. What less than dooms-day is the prince's doom ? 

Fri, L. A gentler judgment vsnish'd from his Ups; — 
Not body's deatJi, bat body's banishment. 

Bom. Ha, banishment ! be merciful, eay " death ;" 
For exile hath more terror in his look, 


scm m.] SOHEd AKD JDLIET. 

Mnch more than death: do not aay "banishment." 

Fri, L. Hencd from Yerona art thon banished : 
Se patient, for tfae world is broad and vide. 

Ram. There is no world without Verona walla, 
Snt purgatory, tortare, hell itself. 
Eence-banishM is baniBh'd &om the world, 
And world's exile is death : — then banishment 
Xs death mis-term'd : calling death banishment,*'*' 
Thon cntt'st my head off with a golden axe, 
And smil'st npon the stroke that murders me. 

Fri. L. deadly sin ! O rode nnthankfulnesa ! 
Thy fault oar law calls death ; bat the kind prince, 
Taking thy part, hath rash'd**" aside the law, 
And tam'd that black word death to banishment : 
This is dear mercy, and thoa seest it not. 

Rom. 'Tis tortnre, and not mercy : heareu is here, 
Where Juliet lives ; and every cat, and dog, 
And little monse, every anworthy thing. 
Live here in heaven, and may look on her ; 
Bnt Borneo may not: — more validity, 
More honourable state, more conrtship lives 
In carrion-flies than Borneo : they may seize 
On the white wonder of dear Juliet's hfmd. 
And steal immortal blessings from her lipa ; 
Who, even in pure and vestal modesty, 
Still blush, as thinking their own kisses sin ; 
Sot Borneo may not, — he is banishM : 
This may flies do, when I from this mast fly: — 
And say'st thoa yet, that exile is not death ? 
Hadst thou no poison mix'd,'*" no sharp-groond knife, 
No sudden mean of death, though ne'er so mean. 
But " banished" to kill me, — ■" banished" ? 
O friar, the damned use that word in hell ; 
Howlings attend it : how hast thoa the heart. 
Being a divine, a ghostly confessor, 
A sin-absolver, and my friend profess'd. 
To mangle me with that word " banished" ? 

Fri. L. Thou fond mad man, hear me a little speak.*' 

Rom. 0, thon wilt speak again of banishment. 

Fri. L. I'll give thee armour to keep off that word ; 


43-* BOHEO Ain> JULIET. [lor in. 

Adversity'B Bweet milk, philoBophy, 

To comfort thee, though thou art bauishtid. 

Rom. Yet " banished" ? — Hang up philosophy ( 
Uiiless philosophy can make a Juliet, 
Displant a town, reverse a prince's doom. 
It helps not, it prevails not : talk no more'. 

Fti. L. 0, then I see tJiat madmeu have no ears. 

limit. How should they, when that wise men have no eyes?' 

Fri. L. Let me dispute with thee of thy estate. 

Rmn, Thou canst not speak of that thou dost uot feel : 
Wert thoa as young as I, Juliet thy love, 
An hour but married, Tybalt murdered. 
Doting like me, and like me banished. 
Then mightst then epeak, then migbtet thou tear thy liafr;. 
And fall upon the ground, as I do now, 
Taldug the measure of an nnmade grave. 

\Throic8 himtel/on thejloor. — Knocking within.. 

Fri. L. Arise ; one knocks ; good Romeo, bide thyself. 

Rom. Not I; unless the breath of heart-sick groans, 
Mist-like, infold me from the search of eyes. 

\Knocking within.. 

Fri. L. Hark, bow they knock ! — Who's there ? — Bomeo, 
Thou wilt be taken. — Stay awhile ! — Stand up ; 

[Knocking tcithin. 
Kun to my study. — By and by ! — God's will, 
"WTiat simpleuess is this!— I come, Icomt:! [Knoclcitig icithiu. 
Who knocks so hard ? whence come you ? what's your will ? 

Nvrse, [tcithin] Let mo come in, and yon shall know my 
errand ; 
I come from Lady Juliet. 

Fri. L. Welcome, then. 

Jiiiler Kiirao, 
N^tirac. holy fiiar, 0, tell me, holy friar, 
Where is my lady's lord, where's Bomeo ? 

Fri. L. There on the ground, with his owu tears modo" 

iVitrec. O, he is even in my mistress' case. 
Just in her case ! 



Fii. L. wofol sympathy I 

Piteous predicament !'*" 

Nurse. Even bo lies she, 

Blabbering and weeping, weeping and blubbering. — 
Stand up, stand up ; stand, an you be a man : 
For Juliet's sake, for her sake, rise and stand; 
Why should you fall into so deep an O ? 

I{om. [rUijig] Nurse ! — 

Xurse. Ah sir ! ah sir ! — Well, death's the end of all. 

Bom. Spak'st thou of Juliet ? how is it with her ? 
Doth she not think me an old murderer. 
Now I have stain'd the childhood of onr joy 
With blood remoy'd but little from her own ? 
Where is she ? and how doth she ? and what says 
My conceal'd lady to our caooell'd love ? 

Nurse. 0, she says nothing, sir, but weeps and weeps ; 
And now falls on her bed ; and then starts np. 
And Tybalt calls ; and then on Eomeo cries. 
And then down falls again. 

Rom. As if that name, 

Shot from the deadly level of a gan, 
Did murder her ; as that name's cursed hand 
Murder'd her kinsman. — 0, tell me, friar, tell me. 
In what vile part of this anatomy 
Doth my name lodge ? tell me, that I may sack 
The hateful mansion. [Drawing hi» dagger 

Fri. L. Hold thy desperate hand : 

Art thou a man ? thy form cries out thou art : 
Thy tears are womanish ; thy wild acta denote 
Th' unreasonable fnry of a beast : 
Unseemly woman iu a seeming man I 
Or ill-beseeming beast in seeming both ! 
Thou hast amaz'd me : hy my holy order, 
I thought thy disposition better temper'd. 
Hast thou slain Tybalt ? wilt thou slay thyself ? 
And slay thy lady too that lives in thee, 
By doing damnM hate upon thyself? 
Why rail'at thou on thy birth, the heaven, and earth ? 
Since birth, and heaven, and earth, all three do meet 
In thee at once ; which thou at once wouldst lose. 



Fie, fie, thon eham'Bt thy shape, thy loTe, thy wit ; 

Which, like a Qsarer, abotind'et in all. 

And UBest none in that trae use indeed 

Which fihonld hedeck thy shape, thy loTe, thy wit : 

Thy noble shape is bat a form of wax, 

Digressing from the valonr of a man ; 

Thy dear love, sworn, but hollow peijnty, 

Killing that love which thon haet Tow'd to cherish ; 

Thy wit, that ornament to shape and love, 

Mis-shapen in the conduct of them both. 

Like powder in a skilless soldier's flask, 

Is set a-fire by thine own ignorance. 

And ihou dismember'd with thine own defence. 

What, rouse thee, man ! thy Juliet is aliTe, 

For whose dear sake thon wast but lately dead ; 

There art thon happy : Tybalt would kill thee. 

But thou slew'st Tybalt ; there art thon happy too : 

The law, that threaten'd death, becomes thy friend. 

And turns it to exile ; there art thon happy : 

A pack of blessings lights upon thy back ; 

Happiness courts thee in her best array ; 

But, like a miHhehav'd and sullen wench. 

Thou pout'st upon thy fortune and thy love : — "" 

Take heed, take heed, for such die miserable. 

Go, get thee to thy lote, as was decreed. 

Ascend her chamber, hence and comfort her : 

But look thou stay not till the watch be set. 

For then thou canst not pass to Mantdti ; 

Where thon ahalt lire, till we can find a time ' 

To blaze your marriage, reconcile your friends, 

Beg pardon of the prince, and call thee back 

With twenty hundred thousand times more joy 

Than thou went'st forth in lamentation. — 

Oo before, nurse : commend me to thy lady ; 

And hid her hasten all the house to bed, 

Which heavy sorrow makes them apt unto : 

Romeo is coming. 

Nurse. Lord, I could have stay'd here all the night 
To hear good counsel : 0, what learning is ! — 
My lord, I'll tell my lady you will come. 



Rom. Do BO, and bid laj sweet prepare to chide. 

Nurie. Here is a ring, sir, that ehe bade me give yoa : 
Hie you, make haste, for it grows very late. {Exit. 

Rom. How well my comfort ia reviT'd by this ! 

Fri. Qo hence; good night; and here stands all yoiv 
state: — 
Either be gone before the watch be set, 
Or by the break of day disgaia'd from hence : 
Sojoatn in Mantaa ; I'll find out your man. 
And he shall signify from time to time 
Every good hap to you that chances here : 
Give me thy hand ; 'tie late : farewell ; good night. 

Eom. But that a joy past joy calls out on me. 
It were a grief so brief to part with thee : 
Farewell. lExeuni. 

ScEHE rV. Tlie savie. A room in Capclet'b home. 
Enter Capdlet, Lady Capolet, and Pabis. 

Cap. Things hare fall'n out, sir, so unluckily. 
That we have had bo time to move our daoghter : 
Look you, she lov'd her kinsman Tybalt dearly, 
And 80 did I : — well, we were born to die. 
'Tis very late, she'll not come down to-night : 
I promise you, but for yonr company, 
I would have been a-bed an hour ago. 

Par. These times of woe afford no time to woo. — 
Madam, good night : commend me to your daughter. 

La. Cap. I will, and know her mind early to-morrow ; 
To-night she's mew'd-ap to her heaviness. 

Cap. Sir Paris, I will make a desperate tender 
Of my child's love : I think she will be rul'd 
In all respects by me ; nay, more, I doabt it not. — 
Wife, go you to her ere yoa go to bed ; 
Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love ; 
And bid her, mark you me, on Wednesday nest — 
Bat, soft ! what day is this ? 

Par. Monday, my lord. 

Cap. Monday t ha, ha I Well, Wednesday is too soon. 


448 nOUEO AND JULIET. ;aci m. 

0' Thnraday let it be : — o' ThuTBday, tell her, 
She shall be married to this noble earl. — 
Will yoa be ready? do yon like this haste? 
We'll keep do great ado, — a friend or two ; 
For, hark yon, Tybalt being slEtin so late. 
It may be thought we held him careleBsly, 
Being oar kicsmaD, if we reyel mnch : 
Therefore we'll have some half-a-dozen friends, 
And there an end. But what say yoa to ThoTBday ? 

Par. My lord, I wonid that Tharsday were to-morrow. 

Cap. Well, get you gone : — o' Thnrsday be it, then. — 
Go yon to Juliet ere you go to bed. 
Prepare her, wife, against this wedding-day. — 
Farewell, my lord. — Light to my chamber, ho ! — 
Afore me, 'tis so very late, that we 
May call it early by and by : — good night. • ^E^eant. 

Scene V. The same. An open gaUeiy to Jouet's chamber, 
oieriooking the orchard. 

Enter Bomeo and Svubv. 

Jul. Wilt thou be gone ? it is not yet near day : 
It was the nightingale, and not the lark. 
That pierc'd the fearful hollow of thine ear ; 
Nightly she sings on yon pomegranate-tree : 
Believe me, love, it was the nightingale, 

lUmi. It was the lark, the herald of the mom, 
No nightingale : look, love, what envions streaks 
Do lace the severing clouds in yonder east : 
Night's candles are bnmt out, and jocund day 
Stands tiptoe on the misty moantain tops. 
I must be gone and live, or stay and die. 

Jul. Yon light ia not day-light, I know it, I : 
It is some meteor that the sun exhales. 
To be to thee this night a torch-bearer, 
And light thee on thy way to Mantua : 
Therefore stay yet, — thou need'at not to be gone. 



Rom. Let me be ta'en, let me be pot ta destL ; 
I am content, so thoa wilt have it so. 
Ill say yos gray is not the morning's eye, 
'TiB bat the psle reflex of Cynthia's brow ;•*" 
Nor that ie not the lark, whose notes do beat 
The vanity heaven so high abore oar heads : 
I have more care to stay than will to g,o : — 
Come, death, and welcome ! Juliet wills it so.— 
How is't, my soal ? let'a talk, — it is not day. 

Jul. It is, it is, — hie hence, be gone, away ! 
It is the lark that sings so oat of tune. 
Straining harsh discords and nnpleasing sharps. 
Some say the lark makes sweet division ; 
This doUi not so, for she divideth ns : 
Some say the lark and loathed toad chang'd'^ eyes ; 
O, now I wonld they had chang'd voices too ! 
Since arm &om arm that voice doth as afiray. 
Hooting thee hence with btint's-np to tho day. 
O, now be gone ; more light and light it grows. 

liotn. More light and light, — more dark and dark oni' 

Enter Knisc. 

Nttrie. Madam ! 

Jul. Norse? 

Nurse. Yonr lady mother's coming to yoor chamber : 
The day is broke ; be wary, look about. [E^rit.. 

Jul. Then, window, let day in, and let life out. 

Horn. Farewell, farewell ! one kiss, and I'll descend. 


Jul. Alt thoa gone so ? my lord, my love, my friend !'*" 
I most hear from thee every day in the hour. 
For in a minote there are many days : 
0, by this count I shall be mnch in years 
Ere I again behold my Bomeo ! 

liom. Farewell ! 
I will omit no opportunity 
That may convey my greetings, love, to thee. 

Jul. 0, think'st thoa we shall ever meet again ? 

Rom. 1 doubt it not ; and all these woes shall servo 
For sweet disconrses in oor time to come. 


441 BOHEO AND JtrUBT. [ui in. 

Jttl. God, I have an ill-diTining aool ! 
Methinka I see thee, now thoa art below. 
As one dead in the bottom of a tomb : 
Either my eyesight fails, or thoa look'st pale. 

Bom. And trust me, love, in my eye so do yon : 
Dry Borrow drinks oar blood. Adieu, adien ! [Exit below. 

Jul. fortune, fortune ! all men call thee fickle : 
If thoa art fickle, what dost tbon with him 
That is renown'd for teith ? Be fickle, fortane; 
For then, I hope, then wilt not keep him long, 
But Bend him back. 

La. Cap. [icilhin} Ho, daughter ! are jon np ? 

Jul. Who ia't that calia ? is it my lady mother ? 
Is she not down bo late, or np so early ? 
What unaccnBtom'd cause procures her hither ? 

Enter Lady Capelet. 

La. Cap. Why, how now, Juliet ! 

Jul. Madam, I'm not well. 

La. Cap. Evermore weeping for your cousin's death ? 
What, wilt thon wash him &om his grave with teara ? 
An if thon conldst, thoa conldst not make him live ; 
Therefore have done : some grief shows mud) of love ; 
Bnt much of grief shows still some want of wit. 

Jul. Yet let me weep for snch a feeling loss. 

La. Gap. So shall yon feel the loss, but not the friend 
Which yon weep for."** 

Jul, Feeling ao the lorn, 

I cannot choose bat ever weep the friend. 

JjC. Cap. Weil, girl, thoa weep'at not so much for his 
As that the villain lives which slaughter'd him. 

Jid. What villain, madain? 

La. Cap. That same villain, Bomeo. 

Jtd, [aside] Yillaiu and he be many miles asunder. — 
God pardon him !^' I do, with all my heart ; 
And yet no man like he doth grieve my heart. 

La. Cap. That is, becanse the traitor murderer lives. 

Jvi. Ay, madam, from the reach of these my hands : — 
Would none bat I might venge my cousin's death I 



Im. Cap. We vill have vengeance for it, feat tlioa not: 
Then weep no more. I'll send to one in Mantoa, — 
Where that same banish'd rnnagate doth IiTe, — 
Shall give him &nch an onaccnBtom'd dram, 
That he shall soon keep Tybalt company : 
And then, I hope, tfaon wilt be satisfied. 

Jul. Indeed, I never shall be satisfied 
With Romeo, till I behold him — dead — 
Is my poor heart so for a kinsman vex'd : 
Madam, if yon conld find ont bat a man 
To bear a poison, I would temper it; 
That Romeo shonld, npoa receipt thereof, 
Soon sleep in qniet. 0, how my heart abhors 
To hear him nam'd, — and cannot come to him. 
To wreak the love I bore my cousin Tybalt***" 
Upon his body that hath slangbter'd him ! 

La. Cap. Find thon the means, and I'll find such a man. 
Bat DOW I'll tell thee j'oyfol tidings, girl. 

Jvl. And joy comes well in such a needfal time :**" 
What are they, I beseech your ladyship ? 

La. Cap. Well, well, thon hast a carefnl father, child ; 
One who, to pat thee from thy heavinesB, 
Hath sorted ont a sodden day of joy, 
That thon expect'st not, nor I look'd not for. 

Jvl. Madam, in happy time, what day is that ? 

La. Cap. Marry, my child, early next Thursday morn, 
The gallant, yonng, and noble gentleman. 
The Ck>nnty Paris, at Saint Peter's Chnrch, 
Shall happily make thee there a joyful bride. 

Jul. Now, by Saint Peter's Church, and Peter too. 
He shall not make me there a joyfal bride. 
I wonder at this haste ; that I mnst wed 
Ere he, that shonld be husband, comes to woo. 
I pray yon, tell my lord and father, madam, 
I will not marry yet ; and when I do, Z swear 
It shall be Romeo, whom yon know I hate. 
Rather than Paris : — these ate news indeed !"** 

La, Cap. Here comes yoor fathet ; tell him so yourself. 
And see how he will take it at yoar hands. 


446 ROUEO AND JULIET. Jicx tu. 

JEnter Capulkt ajid Nuts& 

Cap. When the ann sets, the air doth drizzle dew ;"** 
Bat for the sunset of my brother's son 
It raiDB downright. — 

How now ! a condnit, giri? what, still in tears ? 
ETennore showering? In one little body 
Thou counterfeit' st a bark, a sea, a wind : 
For still thy eyes, which I may call the sea, 
Do ebb and flow with tears ; the bark thy body is. 
Sailing in this salt flood ; the winds, thy sighs ; 
Who, — raging with thy tears, and they with them, — 
Without a sndden calm, will overset 
Thy tempest-tofisM body. — How now, wife ! • 
Have you deliver'd to her our decree ? * 

La. Cap. Ay, sir; but she will none, she gives you thanks. 
I would the fool were married to her grave ! 

Gap. Soft ! take me with you, take me with you, vrife. 
How ! will she none ? doth she not give us thanks 9 
Is she not proud? doth she not count her bleas'd. 
Unworthy as she is, that we have wrought 
80 worthy a gentleman to be her bridegroom ? 

Jul. Not proud, you have ; but thankfnl, that you have : 
Proud can I never be of what I hate ; 
But thankful even for hate, that is meant love. 

Cap. How now, how now, chop-logic ! What is this ? 
"Proud," — and "I thank you," — and "I thank you not;" — 
And yet " not proud 1" — mistress minion, you,*" 
Thank me no thankings, nor proud me no prouds. 
Bat fettle"*' your fine joints 'gainst Thursday next. 
To go with Paris to Saint Peter's Church, 
Or I will drag thee on a hurdle thither. 
Out, yoa green-sickneaB carrion ! out, you baggage ! 
You tallow-face ! 

La. Cap. Fie, fie ! what, are you mod ? 

Jul. Good father, I beseech you on my knees. 
Hear me .with patience but to speak a word. 

Cap. Hang thee, young baggage ! disobedient wretch ! 
I tell thee what, — get thee to church 0' Thursday, 
Or never after look me in the face : 



Speak not, reply not, do Dot aoewer me ; 

My fingers itch, — Wife, we scarce tbongbt iia btess'd 

That God had sent cs**" but this only child ; 

Bat now I see this one is one too mneh, 

And that we have a carse in having her : 

iiut on her, hilding! 

Nurse. God in heaven bless her ! — 

Yon are to blame, my lord, to rate her so. 

Cap. And why, my lady wisdom ? hold your tongue. 
Good prndence ; smatter with yoov goasipa, go. 

Nvrse. I speak no treason. 

Cap. 0, God ye god-den. 

Nurte. May not one speak ? 

Cap. Peace,*""* yon mumbling fool t 

Utter your gravity o'er a gossip's bowl ; 
For here we need it not. 

La. Cap. You are too hot. 

Cap. God's bread ! it makes me mad : day, night, late, 
At home, abroad, alone, in company. 
Waking, or sleeping, still my care hath been 
To have her match'd i"** and having now prorided 
A gentleman of princely parentage. 
Of fair demesnes, youthful, and nobly traiu'd, 
Stoff'd, as they say, with honourable parts, 
Proportion'd as one's thought would wish a man, — 
And then to have a wretched puling fool, 
A whining manunet, in her fortune's tender, 
To answer — "I'll not wed, — I cannot love, 
t am too yoaug, — I pray yon, pardon me ;" — 
But, an you will not wed, I'll pardon you : 
Graze where you will, yon shall not house with mo : 
Look to't, think on't, I do not use to jest. 
Thursday is near ; lay hand on heait, adviuo : 
An you be mine, I'll give you to my friend ; 
An you be not, hang, beg, starve, die m the streett*, 
For, by my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee. 
Nor what is mine shall never do thee good : 
Trust to't, bethink you ; I'll not be forsworn. l^I'Jx'it. 

Jill, Is there no pity sitting iu tlie clonds. 

jb,Googlc — 

i4S BOMEO AND JDUET. [urt m. 

That seeB into the bottom of my grief 7 

sweet m; mother, cast me not away ! 
Delay this marriage for a month, a week ; ■ 
Or, if you do not, make the bridal bed 

In that dim monument where Tybalt UeB. 

La. Cap. Talk not to me, for I'll not speak a word : 
Do as thou wilt, for I have done with thee. [ExiK 

Jul. God ! — nnrse, how shall this be prevented ? 
My husband is ou earth, my faith in heaveti ; 
How shall that faith retorn again to earth. 
Unless that hnsband send it me from heaven 
By leaving earth ? — comfort me, counsel me. — 
Alack, alack, that heaven shonld practise stratagems 
Upon 80 soft a subject as myself ! — 
What say'st thon ? hast thou not a word of joy ? 
Some comfort, nurse. 

Nurse. Faith, here 'tis. Borneo 

Is banishM ; and all the world to nothing. 
That he dares ne'er come back to challenge yon ; 
Or, if he do, it needs must he by stealth. 
Then, since the case so stands as now it doth, 

1 think it best you married with the coonty. 
0, he's a lovely gentleman ! 

Borneo's a dishclout to him : an eagle, madam. 
Hath not BO green, so quick, so fair an eye 
As Paris hath. Beshrew my very heart, 
I think you're happy in this second match. 
For it excels your first ; or if it did not, 
Your first is dead ; or 'twere as good he were. 
As living here,'^^' and you no use of him. 

Jul. Speabest thou &om thy heart ? 

Nurse. And from my sonl too ; 

Or else beshrew them both. 

Jul. Amen ! 

Nurse. What P"""' 

Jill. Well, thon hast comforted me marvellous much. 
Go in ; and tell my lady I am gone. 
Having displeas'd my father, to Laurence' cell. 
To moke confession, and to be absolv'd. 

Ntirse. Marry, I will ; and this is wisely done. [Exit- 


•enrx ■.] BOHEO ADD 3VUET. 449 

Jul. Ancient damnation t most cars^d fiend 1°°" 
Is it more sin to wish me thns forsworn. 
Or to dispraise m; lord with that same ton^e 
Which she hath prais'd him nith above compare 
So many thousand times ? — Oo, connsellor; 
Thoa and mj bosom henceforth shall be twain. — ' 
I'll to the friar, to know his remedy; 
If all else fail, myself have power to die. (^Exit. 


SoBNB I. Verona, Friar LADaENOE's cell. 

Eater Fiiai Ladbenor and Pabis. 

Fri. L. On Thursday, sir ? the time ia very short. 

Par. My father Capalet will have it so; 
And I am nothing slow to slack his haste.''"^ 

Fri, L. YoQ say yon do not know the lady's mind; 
Uneven is the coarse; I like it not. 

Par. Immoderately she weeps for Tybalt's death. 
And therefore have I little talk'd of love; 
For Venna smiles not in a hunse of tears. 
Kow, sir, her fatber connts it dangerous 
That she doth give her sorrow so much sway; 
And, in his wisdom, hastes our marriage, 
To stop the innadation of her tears ; 
Which, too mnch minded by herself alone. 
May be put from her by society : 
Now do yon know the reason of this haste. 

Fri. L. [aaide] I would I knew not why it should t 
slow'd. — 
Look, sir, here comes the lady towards my cell. 

Enter Juliet. 
Par. Happily met, my lady and my wife ! 
Jul. That may be, sir, when I may be a wife. 
TOL. 71. aa 


460 BOUEO AND JtJLIEI; [act k. 

Par. That may be miiBt be, lore, on Tbanday aext. 

Jul. What must be shaU be. 

Fri. L. That's a certain text. 

Par. Come yon to make confession to this father? 

Jul. To answer that, were to confess to yon. 

Par. Do not deny to him that yon love me. 

Jul. I will confess to yon that I love him. 

Par. So will yon, I am enre, that yon love me. 

JuL If I do BO, it will be of more price, 
Seing spoke behind yonr back, than to yonr face. 

Par. Poor son], thy fa«e is much abns'd with tears. 

Jul. The tears h»Te got small yictory by that ; 
For it was bad enough before their spite. 

Par. Thon wrong'st it, more than tears, with that report. 

Jul. That is no slander, sir, which is a truth ; 
And what I spake, I spake it to my face. 

Par. Thy face is mine, and thou bast slander'd it. 

Jul. It may be bo, for it is not mine own. — 
Are yon at leisure, holy father, now ; 
Or shall I come to you at evening mass ? 

Fri. L. My leisure serves me, pensive danghter, now. — 
My lord, we must entreat the time alone. 

Par. God shield I should disturb devotion ! — 
Juliet, on Thursday early vrill I rouse ye : 
Till then, adieu ; and keep this holy kiss. [Exit. 

Jul. 0, shut the door ! and when thou haat done so. 
Come weep with me ; past hope, past care, past help ! 

Fri. L. Ah, Juliet, I already know thy grief; 
It strains me past the compass of my wits : 
I hear thou must, and nothing may prorogue it. 
On Thursday next be married to this connty, 

JuL Tell me not, friar, that thou hear'st of this, 
Unless tbou tell me how I may prevent it: 
If, in tby wisdom, then canat give no help. 
Do thou bat call my resolution wise. 
And with this knife I'll help it pregently. 
God joiu'd my heart and Romeo's, thou our bauds ; 
And ere this hand, by thee to Borneo seal'd, 
Shall be the label to another deed. 
Or my tme heart with treacherous revolt 



Turn to another, this shall slay them both ; 
Therefore, oat of thy long-experienc'd time, 
■Give me some present connsel ; or, behold, 
'Twixt my extremes and me this bloody knife 
Shall play the umpire ; arbitrating that 
Which the commission of thy years and art 
Conld to no isane of trae honoor bring. 
Be not so long to speak ; I long to die, 
If what thon speak'st speak not of remedy. 

Fri. L. Hold, daughter : I do spy a kiad of hope» 
Which craves as desperate an execntion 
As that ia desperate which we would prevent. 
If, rather than to marry Gonnty Paris, 
Thon haet the strength of will to slay thyself, 
Then is it likely thon wilt nndertake 
A thing like death to chide away this shame, 
That cop'st with death himself to scape from it; 
And, if thon dat'st, I'll gire thee remedy. 

Jul. 0, bid me leap, rather than marry Paris, 
From off the battlements of yonder tower ; 
Or walk in thieviali ways ; or bid me lark 
Where serpents are ; chain me with roaring bears ; 
Or shnt ma nightly in a charnel -house, 
O'er-coTer'd qoite with dead men's rattling bones. 
With reeky shanks, and yellow chapless sknlls ; 
Or bid me go into a new-made grave. 
And hide me with a dead man in his shrond ; 
Things that, to hear them told, have mode me tremble ; 
And I will do it without fear or doubt. 
To live on unstain'd wife to my sweet love. 

Fri. L. Hold, then ; go home, be merry, give consent 
To marry Paris : Wednesday is to-morrow ; 
To-morrow night look that thou he alone. 
Let not thy nurse lie with thee in thy chamber : 
Take thou this vial, being then in bed. 
And this distill^ lienor drink thon off: 
When, presently, through all thy veins shall run 
A cold and drowsy humour ; for no pulse 
Shall keep his native progress, but surcease : 
No warmth, no breath, shall testify thou liv'st ; 

jb,Googlc ^ 

453 BOUEO AHD JUUET. [act f. 

The roses in thy lips and cheeks shall fade 

To paly ashes ; thy eyes' windows foil, 

Like death, when he shots up the day of life ; 

Each part, depriv'd of sappte goTemment, 

Shall, stiff and stark and cold, appear like death : 

And in this horrow'd likeness of shrank death 

Thoa ehalt continue two-and-forty hoars. 

And then awake as firom a pleasant sleep. 

Nov, when the hridegroom in the morning comes 

To ronse thee from thy bed, there art thou dead : 

Then, as the manner of onr country is. 

In thy best robes, nncover'd, on the bier, 

Thoa shalt be home to that same ancient vaolt""" 

"Where all the kindred of the Capalets lie. 

Id the mean time, against thon shalt awake, 

Shall Borneo by my letters know onr drift ; 

And hither shall he come : and he and I 

Will watch thy waking, and that very night 

Shall Romeo bear thee hence to Mantoa. 

And this shall free thee &om this preaent shame; 

If no inconstant toy, nor womanish fear. 

Abate thy valonr in the acting it. 

Jul, Give me, give me I O, tell not me of fear 1*'"" 
Fri. L. Hold ; get you gone, be strong and prosperous 

In this resolve : I'll send a friar with speed 

To Mantoa, with my letters to thy lord. 

Jul. Lore give me etrength t and strength shall help 

farewell, dear father ! lExemit. 

SoENB n. The same. Hall in Capolht's kouee. 
JSnier Capdlet, Lady Capulet, Nurse, and Sorvaufa. 
Cap. So many guests invite as here are writ. — 

[Exit First Seiranl. 
Sirrah, go hire me twenty cunning cooks."**' 

Sec. Sen: You shall have none ill, sir ; for I'll try if they 
can lick their fingers. 



Cap. How caQBt thou try them bo ? 

Sec. Serv, Marry, sir, 'Us on ill cooktliat cannot lick his 
own fingers : therefore he that cannot lick his fingers gocn 
not with me. 

Cap, Go, be gone. — [^Exit Sec. Servant. 

We shall be much nnfamish'd for this time. — 
What, is my daughter gone to Friar Laurence ? 

NuTte. Ay, forsooth. 

Cap. Well, he may chance to do some good on her : 
A peevish aelf-will'd harlotry it is. 

Nurse. See where she comes from shrift with merry look. 

£nler Juliet. 

Cap. How now, my headstrong ! where have yon boon 

Jul. Where I have leam'd me to repent the sin 
Of disobedient opposition 
To yon and yom' behests ; and am enjoin'd 
By holy Lanrence to fall prostrate here, 
And beg yonr pardon : — pardon, I beseech yon ! 
Henceforward I am ever ral'd by yon. 

Cnp. Send for the connty ; go tell him of this : 
I'll have this knot knit up to-morrow morning. 

Jul. I met the youthful lord at Laurence' cell ; 
And gave him what becomM love I might, 
Not stepping o'er the hounds of modesty. 

Cap. Why, I am glad on't; this is well, — stand np, — 
This is as 't should he. — I^et me see the connty ; 
Ay, marry, go, I say, and fetch him hither. — 
Now, afore God, this reverend holy friar. 
All our whole city ia much bound to him. 

Jvl. Nurse, will yoa go with me into my closet. 
To help me sort snch needful ornaments 
As you think fit to furnish me to-morrow ? 

La. Cap. No, not till Thursday ; there is time enough. 

Cap. Go, nurse, go with her :— we'll to church to-morrow. 
[Exeunt Juliet and Nvrse. 

La. Cap. We shall be short in our prorision : 
''Tis now near night. 

Cap. Tush, I will stir about. 


t7,i BOHEO AND JULIET. Lkci n. 

And all thingB shall be well, I warraot thee, wife : 

Go thon to Jnliet, help to decknp her j*"*® 

I'll sot to bed to-night ; — let me alone ; 

I'll play the housewife for this once, — What, ho ! — 

They are all forth : well, I will walk myself 

To Connty Paris, to prepare him np 

Against to-morrow : my heart 's wondroas light. 

Since this same wayward girl is bo reclaim'd. [^Eixevnt, 

SoBNB m. The tame. Juliet's chamber. 
Enter Jdubt emd Nnrse. 
Jul. Ay, those attires are best : — bat, gentle nnrse, 
I pray thee, leave me to myself to-night; 
For I have need of many orisons 
To moTe the heavens to smile npon my state, 
Which, well thoa know'at, is cross and fnllof ein. 

£>iier Lady CiPULET. 

La. Cap. What, are yon btisy, ho ? need yoa my help ?" 

JtU. No, madam ; we have cuU'd such necessaries 
As are behoTefol for oar state to-morrow : 
So please yon, let me now be \efi alone. 
And let the nnrse this night sit np with yon ; 
For, I am sore, yoa hare yonr bands full all 
In this BO sadden basiness. 

La. Cap. Good night: 

Get thee to bed, and rest ; for thoa hast need. 

[Exeunt Lady Capulet and Nurt«, 

Jul. Farewell ! — God knows when wo shall meet again. 
I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veinB, 
That almost freezes up the heat of life ; 
I'll call them back again to comfort me ; — 
Nnrse I — What should she do here ? 
My dismal scene I needs must act alone. — 
Come, vial. — 

What if this mixture do not work at all ? 
Must I of force be married to the county ?*""* 



No, no ; — this sball forbid it :— lie thou there.—"**' 

ILaying down Jter danger. 
What if it be & poisoD, which the friar 
Subtly hath minister'd to h&ve me dead, 
Lest in this marriage he ehould be dishonoiiT'd, 
Because he married me before to Borneo ? 
I fear it ia : and yet, methinke, it should not, 
For he hath still been tried a holy man : 
I will not entertain so had a thought, — 
How if, when I am laid into the tomb, 
I wake before the time that Komeo 
Come to redeem me ? there's a fearful point I 
Shall I not, then, he stifled in the vault. 
To whose foal mouth no healthsome air breathes in. 
And there die strangled ere my Romeo comes ? 
Or, if I live, is it not very like. 
The horrible conceit of death and night, 
Together with the terror of the place, — 
As in a vault, au ancient receptacle, 
Where, for these many hundred years, the bones 
Of all my buried ancestors are pack'd ; 
Where bloody Tybalt, yet but green in earth, 
Lies festering, in his shroud ; where, as they say. 
At some hours in the night spirits resort ; — 
Alack, alack, is it not like that I, 
So early waking, — what with loathsome smells; 
Asd sbiieke like mandrakes' torn out of the earth, 
That lifiDg mortals, bearing them, mn mad ; — 
O, if I wake,'*'^' shall I not be distraught, 
EnviroD^d with all these hideous fears ? 
And madly play with my forefathers' joints ? 
And pluck the mangled Tybalt from bis shroud ? 
And, in this rage, with some great kinsman's bono, 
Aa with a clab, dash out my desperate brains ? — 
0, look ! methinka I see my cousin's ghost 
Seeking out Bomeo, that did spit his body 
Upon a rapier's point : — stay, Tybalt, stay I — > 
Bomeo, I come ! this do I drink to thee.'""' 

[Drinks, and tkrowt herself on the bed. 



ScBKE IV. The same. Hall in Capdlet'b house. 
Enter Lad; Capulbt and Norse. 
La. Cap. Hold, take theee keys, and fetch moro spices, 

Nurae. They call for dates and quinccB iQ the pastry. 

Enter Cafulet. 

Cap. Come, stir, stir, stir ! the secood cock hath ciow'd. 
The carfew-bell hath mug, 'tis three o'clock : — 
Look to the bak'd meats, good Angelica : 
Spare not for cost. 

Nurae. Go, joa cot-qoean, go,""^ 

Get yoa to bed ; &ith, yonll be sick to-morrow 
For this night's watching. 

Cap. No, not a whit : what ! I have wateh'd ere now 
All night for lesser caase, and ne'er been sick. 

Ija. Cap. Ay, yon have been a moose-hunt in yonr time ; 
But I will watch you from such watching now. 

[Exeunt Lady Capvlet and Nurse. 

Cap. A jealons-hood, a jealous-hood t 

Enter Servants, teith epiis, togg, and batleta. 
How, follow, 
What's there ? 

First Serv. Things for the cook, sit ; but I know not what. 
Cap. Make haste, make haste. [ExitFirst Serv.^ — Sirrah, 
fetch drier logs : 
Call Peter, he will show thee where they are. 

Sec. Serv. I have a head, sir, that will find out logs. 
And never troable Peter for the matter. [Exit. 

Cap. Mass, and well eaid ; a merry whoreson, ba ! 
Then shalt be logger-head. — Good faith, 'tis day : 
The county will be here with music straight, 
For so he said he wonld : — I hear him near. — [Music within. 
Xarse I — wife I — what, ho ! — what, nurse, I say I 

Eeenter Nurse. 
Oo waken Juliet, go and trim her up : 



I'll go and chat vith Paris : — hie, make haste. 

Make haste ; the bridegtoom he is come already : 

Make haste, I say. lExeunt. 

SoEss V. The same. Juliet's chamber; Jdlibt oil the bed. 
Enter Nurse. 
Nurse. Mistress ! — what, mistress ! — Juliet ! — fast, I war- 
rant hor, she : — ■ 
Why, lamb I — why, lady ! — fio, yoo slng-a-hed ! — 
Why, loTo, I say ! — madam ! Bweetlieart ! — why, bride ! — 
What, not a word ? — you take your pennyworths now ; 
Sleep for a week ; for the nest Dight, I warrant. 
The County faris hath set up his rest. 
That you shall rest but little. — God forgive me, 
Marry, and amen, how sound is she asleep ! 
I must needs wake her. — Madam, madam, madam ! — 
Ay, let the county take you in your bed ; 
He'll fright you up, i' faith. — ^Will it not be ? 
What, drees'd ! and in your clothes t and down again ! 
I must needs wake you : — Lady ! lady ! lady ! — 
AIeui, alas ! — Help, help 1 my lady's dead ! — 
O, well-a-day, that ever I was born ! — 
Some aqua-vita, ho ! — My lord ! my lady ! 

Enter Lady Capolet. 

La. Cap. What noise is here ? 

Nurse. O lamentable day ! 

Zm, Cap, What is the matter ? 

Nurse. Look, look t heavy day ! 

La. Cap. me, me 1 — My ehUd, my only life. 
Revive, look np, or I will die with thee ! — 
Help, help ! — call help. 

Enier Capdlbt. 
Cap. For shame, bring Juliet forth ; her lord is come. 
Nurse. She's dead, deceas'd, she's dead ; alack the day ! 
La. Cap. Akck the day, she's dead, she's dead, she's 


4fi8 BOMEO AKD JUUET. [m tr. 

Cap. Ha ! let me B«e her : — ont, alas I she's cold ; 
Her blood is Bettled, and her joints are stiff; 
Life and these lips have long beon separated : 
Heath lies on her like an antimely frost 
Upon the sweetest flower of aU the field. 

Nurse. lamentable da; I 

La. Cap. woful time ! 

Cap. Death, that hath ta'en her hence to make me wail. 
Ties ap my ton^e, and will not let me speak. 

Enter Friar Lacrkkce and Paris, with Mnsiciana. 

Fri. L. Come, is the bride ready to go to chnrch?""* 

Cap. Beady to go, but never to return : — 
son, the night before thy wedding-day 
Hath Heath lain with thy wife : — see'"*' there she lies^ 
Flower as she was, deflowered by him. 
Heath is my son-in-law. Heath is my heir ; 
My daughter he hath wedded : I wiU die. 
And leare him all ; life, living, all is Heath's. 

Par. Hare I thought long to see this moiuiug's face. 
And doth it gire me such a sight as this ? 

La. Cap, Accurs'd, unhappy, wretched, hateful day! 
Most miserable hour that e'er time saw 
In lasting labour of his pilgrimage I 
But one, poor one, one poor and loTtng child,"'^ 
But one thing to rejoice and solace in. 
And cruel Death hath catch'd it from my sight ! 

Nurse. woe ! woful, woftil, woful day t 
Most lamentable day, most woful day. 
That eyer eyer I did yet behold I 
day ! day ! O day I hateful day ! 
Never was seen so black a day as this : 
woful day ! woful day ! 

Par. Beguil'd, divorced, wronged, spited, slain I 
Most detestable Heath, by thee begoil'd. 
By cmel cmel thee quite OTerthrown ! — ■ 
love ! life I— not life, but love in death I 

Cap, Hespis'd, distressed, hated, martyr'd, kill'd ! — 
Uncomfortable time, why cam'at thou now 
To murder, murder our solemnity ? — 


soutM T.{ BOUEO Ain> JULIET. 4S9 

O child ! O child ! — my soul, and not my child ! — ' 
Dead art thoa, dead I"'*' — alack, my child is dead ; 
And with my child my joys are buried I 

FH. L. Peace, ho, for shame 1 confasion's care lives'"*' not 
In these confaeious. HeaTen and yourself 
Had part in this fair maid ; now heaTCn hath all. 
And all the better is it for the maid : 
Yonr part in her you coald not keep from death ; 
But heaTCQ keeps his part in eterDal life. 
The moat yoa songht was her promotion ; 
For 'twas your heaven she should be adranc'd : 
And weep ye now, seeing she is adyanc'd 
Above the clouds, as high as heaven itself? 
O, in this love, you love yonr child so ill, 
That yon run mad, seeing that she is well : 
She's not well marrif d that lives married long ; 
Bat she's best married that dies married yonng. 
Dry up yonr tears, and stick your rosemary 
On this fair corse ; and, as the custom is. 
In all her best array bear her to church : 
For though fond'^"' nature bids us all lament. 
Yet nature's tears are reason's merriment. 

Cap, All things that we ordained festival 
Tarn from their ofQce to black funeral : 
Oar instrnments to melancholy bells; 
Oar wedding cheer to a sad burial feast ; 
Oar solemn hymns to sullen dirges change ; 
Oar bridal flowers serve for a bnried corse ; 
And all things change them to the contrary. 

FH. L. Sir, go you in, — and, madam, go with him ; — 
And go. Sir Paris ; — every one prepare 
To follow this fair corse auto her grave : 
The heavens do lour upon you for some ill; 
Move them no more by crossing their high will. 

[^Exeunt Capulet, Lady CapuUt, Paris, and Friar. 

First Mus. Faith, we may put up our pipes and be gone. 

Nurse. Honest good fellows, ah, put up, put op ; 
For, well you know, this in a pitiful case. [^Exit. 

First Mui. Ay, by my troth, the case may be amended. 



Ilnter Pkteh. 

Pet. Maaicimis, 0, maBicianB, "Heart's case, Heart's 
case :" O, an yon will have ma lire, play " Heart's ease."* 

First Mua. Why " Heart's ease"? 

Pet. O, musiciaDs, because my heart itself plays "My 
heart is full of woe :"f 0, play me some merry dump, to com- 
fort me. 

First Mtia. X ot a damp ve ; 'tis no time to play now. 

Pet. Yon will not, then ? 

First Mu». No. 

Pet. I will, then, give it yon sonndly. 

First Mut. What will you give ns ? 

Pet, No money, on my feith ; bat the gleeb, — I will give 
you the minstrel. 

First Mus. Then will I give yon the senring-creatnre. 

Pet. Then will I lay the serving-oreatare's dagger on yonr 
pate. I will carry no crotchets : I'll re you, I'll fa yon ; do 
yon note me ? 

■First Mm. An you re us and/d ns, you note us. 

Sec, MttS, Pray you, put up yonr dagger, and put out 
yonr wit. 

Pet. Then hsTe at you with my wit I"'" I will dry-beat 
you with my iron wit,'"" and put up my iron dagger. — 
Answer me like men : 

"When griping grief the heart doth wound,( 
And doleful dumps the miad oppress, 
Then music with her silver sound"— 

° " BtarVi etue"] The nune of a popalar tone: see CbappeH'B PopKlnr 
iltuie 6} the Ot^en Time, &e. viA. i. p. 209, see. ed. 

f "Af^ heart i$ fall of woe;"} " Ihu U the Imrden ol the fiiBt itMua of 
' A PleRBftut new Ballad of Tvo Lovers ;' 

'Heyhael my heart it full of aoe' ." Steetesb. 
The ballmd jast cited is of confidernble merit ; uid the whole of it ma; bo 
found in The SJickapeare Soe. Pjpert, vol. L p. 12. 

J " When griping grief the luart doth aoiatd," Jbo.} The beginning of a 
eoug " In eommendation of Mnsicke," b; Richard Edwards, in The Paradite 
of Dainty Devieet (Snt printed in l£7e), where the lines ma thns : 

" Where gripyrtg grief the hart irould wound, and dolfuU dompt the mind 
There Uuiteft tnith htr iHaeriaund is wont with speda tt> gene rtdreite.^' 
Fiv a difi^rant eopj of the song see Percy's Bel. of A, B. Poetry, toL i. p. I97t 


ncncKit 1.1 BOMBO AND JULIKT. 161 

why "silver Bonnd"? why "mueiawitb her BiWer eonnd"? — 
What say you, Simon Catling? 

First Mue. Marry, sir, hecause silver hath a Bweot sound. 

Pet. Pretty !— What Bay yon, Hngh Bebeet? 

Sec. Mus. I say, " silver sound," because mnBicians sonnd 
for silver. 

Pet, Pretty too ! — What say yon, Jamos Soandpost ? 

Third Mva. Faith, I know not what to say. 

Pet. O, I cry yon mercy ; yon are the singer : I will say 
for yon. It is " music with hor silver sonnd," becanse such 
fellows as you have seldom gold for soondiog; — """ 
" Then mnaic with her silver Boand 

"With speedy help doth lend redress." [Eiif.""' 

Firet Mtis. What a pestilent knave is this same I 

See. Mue. Hang him, Jack I — Oome, we'll in here ; tarry 
for the montners, and stay dinner. [Exmnt. 

Scene I. Mantua. A street. 
Knter Romko. 
Som. li I may tmst the flattering eye of sleep,""* 
My dreams presage some joyfnl news at hand : 
My bosom's lord sits lightly in his throne ; 
And all this day an nnaccastom'd spirit 
Lifts me above the gronnd with cheerful thoughts. 
I dreamt my lady came and found me dead, — 
Strange dream, that gives a dead man leave to think I — 
And breath'd such life with kisses in my lipn, 
That I reviv'd, and was an emperor. 
Ah me ! bow sweet is love itself possess' d, 
When bat love's shadows are so rich in joy I 

Eater Baltbasab. 
News from Verona ! — How now, Balthasar ! 


463 EOMEO AND JDLEET. [act r. 

Dost thon not bring me letters &om the friar ? 
How doth my lady? Is my father well ? 
How fares my Juliet ? that I aak again ; 
For nothing can be ill, if she be w^. 

Bal. Then she is well, and nothing can be ill : 
Her body sleeps in Capels' monument. 
And her immortal part with angels liTes. 
I saw her laid low in her kindred's ranlt, 
And presently took post to tell it you : 
O, jMu^on me for bringing these ill news. 
Since you did leaw it for my office, sir. 

S^)m. Is it even so ? then I defy you, stars T — 
Thon know'st my lodging : get me ink and paper. 
And hire post-horses ; I will hence to-night. 

Bal. I do beseech yon, sir, have patience : 
Your looks are pale and wild, and do import 
Some misadventure. 

Rom. Tush, thou art deceiv'd : 

Leave me, and do the thing I bid thee do. 
Hast thou no letters to me from the friar? 

Bal. Xo, my good lord. 

Itom. No matter : get thee gone. 

And hire those horses ; I'll be with thee straight. 

[Exit BaUhoMr. 
Well, Juliet, I will lie with thee to-night. 
Let's see for means : — mischief, thon art swift 
To enter in the thoughts of desperate men ! 
I do remember an apothecary, — 
And hereabouts he dwells,— which late I noted 
In tatter'd weeds, with overwhelming brows, 
Cnlling of simples ; meagre were his looks, 
Sharp misery had worn him to the bones : 
And in his needy shop a tortoise hang, 
An alligator stuflTd, and other skins 
Of ill-shap'd fishes ; and about his shelves 
A beggarly account of empty boxes, 
Oreen earthen pots, bladders, and mnsty seeds. 
Remnants of packthread, and old cakes of roses. 
Were thinly scatter'd, to make up a show. 
Noting this penary; to myself I said. 



" An if a man did need a poison now, 
"Whose Bale is present death in Mantna, 
Here lives a caitiff wretch woald sell it him." 
O, this same thought did bat foreran my need ; 
And this same needy man must sell it me. 
As X remember, this shoald be the hoase : 
Seing holiday, the beggar's shop is shut. — 
"What, bo ! apothecary t 

Snter Apothecary. 

Ap. Who calls so load ? 

Eom. Come hither, man. — I see that thoa art poor; 
Hold, there is forty ducats : let me have 
A dram of poison ; such soon-speeding gear 
As will disperse itself throngh all the veins, 
That the Hfe-weary taker may fall dead ; 
And that the trank may be discharg'd of breath 
As violently as hasty powder fir'd 
Doth harry from the &tal cannon's womb. 

Ap. Sach mortal drags I have ; bnt Mantua's law 
Is death to any he that otters them. 

Eom. Art thoa so bare and fall of wretchedness, 
And fear'st to die ? famine is in thy cheeks. 
Need and oppression stareth in thine eyes,'''^ 
Contempt and beggary hangs apon thy back, 
The world is not thy Mend, nor the world's law : 
The world affords no law to make thee rich ; 
Then be not poor, but break it, and take this. 

Ap. My pover^, bat not my will, consents. 

Bom. I pay thy poverty, and not thy will."*" 

Ap. Pat this in any liquid thing yon will, 
And drink it off; and, if yon bad the strength 
Of twenty men, it would dispatch you straight. 

Rom. There is thy gold ; worse poison to men's souls. 
Doing more murders in l^e loathsome world. 
Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell : 
I sell thee poison ; thou bast sold me none. 
Farewell : bay food, and get thyself in flesh. — 
Come, cordial, and not poison, go with me 
To Juliet's grave ; for there muBt I use thee. lExtunt. 



ScBHB n. Verona. Friar L&tjbehoe'b cell. 
Enter Friar John. 

FH. J. H0I7 FraDciscan friar t brother, ho ! 
Enter Friar Laukkkce, 

Fri. L. TbU same ahould be the voice of Friar John. — 
Welcome from Mantua : what saye Romeo ? 
Or, if his mind be writ, give me hie letter. 

Fri. J. Qoing to find a barefoot brother out, 
One of our order, to associate me. 
Here in this city visiting the sick. 
And finding him, the searchers of the town, 
Snspecting that we both were in a hoose 
Where the infectious pestilence did reign, 
Seal'd up the doors, and would not let ns forth ; 
So that my speed to Mantna there waa Btay'd. 

Fri. L. Who bare my letter, then, to Romeo ? 

Fri. J. I could not send it, — ^here it ia again, — 
Nor get a messenger to bring it tbee, 
So fearful were they of infection. 

Fri. L. Unhappy fortune I by my brotherhood. 
The letter woa not nice, but fall of charge 
Of dear import ; and the neglecting it 
May do much danger. Friar John, go hence ; 
Get me an iron crow, and bring it straight 
Unto my cell. 

Fri. J. Brother, I'll go and bring it tbee. [£«if. 

Fri. L. Now must I to the monument alone ; 
Within this three hoars will fair Juliet wake : 
She will beshrew me much that Romeo 
Hath had no notice of these accidents ; 
Bnt I will write again to Mantua, 
And keep her at my cell till Borneo come ; — 
Poor living cotse, clos'd in a dead man's tomb ! [Exit, 



Scene ni. The same. A ckurckt/ard ; in it a monument 
belonging to ike Capuiett. 

Snier Farib, and Ms Pago hearing floieeit and a torch. 

Par. Give me thy torch, boy: hence, and stand aloof; — 
Yet put it out, for I would not be seen. 
Under yond yew-treea"*"' lay thee all along, 
Holding thine ear close to the hollow ground ; 
So shall no foot npon the ohnrchyard tread — 
Being loose, unflrm, with digging-np of graves — 
Sot thon shalt hear it : whistle then to me. 
As signal that thon hear'at something approach. 
Oiva me those flowers. Do as I bid thee, go. 

Page. (_aside] I am almost afraid to stand''^ alone 
Here in the churchyard; yet I will adventnro. [RetireB. 

Par. Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew :'*'^' 
woe, thy canopy is dnst and stones ! 

Which with sweet water nightly I will dew; 

Or, wanting that, with tears distill'd by moans : 

The obsequies that I for thee will keep, 

Nightly shall be to sttew thy grave and weep. 

[The Page whiatke. 
The boy gives warning something doth approach. 
"What cnrs^d foot wanders this way to-night, 
To cross my obsequies and tnte love's rites? 
"What, with a torch ! — mnfBe me, night, awhile. [Betireg. 

XiUer RouKO, and Balthabab with a torch, mattocA, ^c. 

Rom. Give me that mattock and the wrenching-iron. 
Hold, take this letter; early in the morning 
See thon deliver it to my lord and &ther. 
Give me the light ; npon thy life, I chai^ thee, 
"Whate'er thou hear'st or seest, stand all aloof. 
And do not interrupt me in my course. 
"Why I descend into this bed of death. 
Is partly to behold my lady's face ; 
But chiefly to take tlMueo from her dead finger 




A precious ring, — a rinfi; that I mnBt ase 

In dear employment : therefore hence, be gone : — 

Bat if thon, jealons, dost return to pry 

In what I farther shall intend to do, 

B; heBTCn, I will tear thee joint by joint, 

And flirew this bangry charchyard with thy -limbs ; 

The time and my intents are savage-wild ; 

More fierce and more inexorable far 

Than empty tigers or the roaring sea. 

Bal. I will be gone, sir, and not trouble yon. 

Rom. So ehalt thon show me friendship. — Take thon that: 
Live, and be prosperona : and farewell, good fellow. 

Bal. [aeUle] For oil this same, I'll hide me hereabout : 
Hie looks I fear, and bis intents I doubt. [Betirei. 

Rom. Thou detestable maw, thou womb of death, 
Oorg'd with the dearest morsel of the earth, 
Thns I enforce thy rotten jaws to open, 

[Breaking open the door of ike monument. 
And, in despite, I'll cram thee with more food ! 

Par. This is that banish'd haughty Montague 
That morder'd my love's coasin, — witi which grief, 
It is supposed, the fair creatnre died, — 
And here is come to do some villanoas shame 
To the dead bodies : I will apprehend him.— [Advances. 
Stop thy nnhallow'd toil, vile Montague ! 
Can vengeance be pnrsu'd further than death ? 
Condemned villain, I do apprehend thee : 
Obey, and go with me ; for thon mast die. 

Rom. I must indeed ; and therefore came I hither. — 
Oood gentle yoath, tempt not a desperate man ; 
Fly hence, and leave me : — ^think upon these gone ; 
Let them affright thee. — I beseech thee, youth, 
Put not another sin upon my head, 
By urging me to taij : — 0, be gone ! 
By heaven, I love thee better than myself; 
For I come hither arm'd against myself: 
Stay not, be gone ; — live, and hereafter say, 
A madman's mercy bade^*" thee ran away. 

Par. I do defy thy conjorations,"**' 
And apprehend thee for a felon here. 


seen III.] ROMEO AND JUIJET. iffl 

Rom. Wilt thou provoke me ? then have at thee, ho;! 


Page. Lord, they fight I I will go call the watch. 


Par. 0, I am slain ! — If thon be merciful, 
Open the tomb, lay me with Jnhet. [Di^s. 

Rom. Id &ith, I will. — Let me pernse this face : — 
Mereutio's kinemsn, noble County PariB ! — 
"What said my man, when my betoseed 8oal 
Did not attend him as we rode ? I think 
He told ma Paris shoald have married Jnliet : 
Said he not so ? or did I dream it so ? 
Or am I mad, hearing him talk of Jnliet, 
To think it was bo ? — O, give me thy hand. 
One writ with me in sour misfortune's book ! 
I'll bury thee in a triamphant graye ; — 
A graye ? 0, no, a lantern, slaughter'd yonth. 
For here lies Jnliet, and her beanty makes 
This vault a feasting presence full of light. 
Dead, lie thon there, by a dead man interr'd."*'* 

{Laying Paris in the monmnent. 
How oft when men are at the point of death 
Have they been merry ! which their keepers call 
A lightning before death : 0, how may I 
Call this a lightning ? — my love ! my wife ! 
Death, that hath snck'd the honey of thy breath, 
Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty: 
Thou art not conqner'd ; beaaty's ensign yet 
Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks. 
And death's pale flag is not advanced there. — 
Tybalt, hest thou there in thy bloody sheet ? 
O, what more favour can I do to thee. 
Than vrith that hand that cut thy yonth in tivun 
To sunder hia that was thine enemy? 
Forgive me, consin ! — Ah, dear Juliet, 
Why art thon yet so fair 7 shall I believe 
That nnsabstantial Death is amorons ;''*'* 
And that the lean abhorrM monster keeps 
Thee here in dark to be his poramoor? 
For fear of that, I still will stay with thee ; 


4«a BOHEO AND JUUET. [un t. 

And neTer from this palace of dim niglit 

Depart again : here, here will I remain 

With wormB*"" that are thy chamber-maids ; 0, here 

Will I set up my everlasting rest ; 

And Bbake the joke of inauspicious stars 

From this world-wearied flesh. — Eyes, look yonr Uet ! 

Arms, take yonr last omhrace ! and, lips, yon 

Tfao doors of breath, seal with a righteoita kiss 

A dateless bargain to engrossing death ! — 

Come, bitter conduct, come, nnsaToury guide 1 

Thon desperate pilot, now at once rnn on 

The dashing rocks my"** sea-sick weary bark ! 

Here's to my Ioto! [DrinkaJ] — true apothecary! 

Thy drags are qnick. — Thus with a kiss I die. [Diet. 

Enter, at ilio other end of the churchyard, Friar Lauukkoe, vrith a 
lantern, eroic, and spade. 

Frl. L. Saint Francis be my speed ! how oft to-night 
Have my old feet stumbled at graves ! — ^Who's there ? 

Bal. Here's one, a friend, and one that knows you well. 

Fri. L. Bliss be upon you 1 Tell me, good my friend. 
What torch is yond, that vainly lends his light 
To gmbs and eyeless skulls ? as I discern, 
It bameth in the Oapela' monument. 

Sal. It doth so, holy sir ; and there's my master, 
Oqo that you love. 

Fti. L. Who is it? 

Bal, Bomeo. 

FVi. L. How long hath he been there ? 

Bal. Foil half an boor. 

Fri. L. Qo with me to the ^aolt. 

Bal. I dare not, sir: 

My master knows not but I am gone hence ; 
And fearfully did menace me with death. 
If I did stay to look on his intents. 

Fri. L. Stay, then; I'll go alone. — Fear comes upon mep 
0, much I fear some ill unlucky thing. 

Bal. As I did sleep under this yew-tree***" here, 
I dreamt my master and another fought, 
And that my master slew him. 


-Acen; ro.] ROUEO AND JTZJET. M9 

Fri. L. Romeo ! — lAdvancee. 

Alack, ulack, what blood is tliis, which stains 
The stony entrance of this sepnlchre ? — 
What mean these mastetless and gory swords 
To lie discolonr'd by this place of peace ? 

[Enters the monument. 
Romeo ! 0, pale ! — Who else ? what, Paris too ? 
And Bteep'd in blood? — Ah, what an nnkind honr 
Is gnilty of this lamentable chance ! — 
The lady stirs. [Jviiet ivakcs. 

Jul. O comfortable friar ! where's my lord ? — 
I do remember well where I shoiild be, 
And there I am : — where is my Romeo ? [^NdUc within. 

Fri. L. I hear some noise. — Lady, come from that nest 
Of death, contagion, and annatnral sleep : 
A greater power than we can contradict 
Hath thwarted oar intents: — come, come away: 
Thy husband in thy bosom there lies dead ; 
And Paris too : — come, I'll dispose of thee 
Among a sisterhood of holy nmia : 
Stay not to qneation, for the watch is coming ; 
Come, go, good Juliet [NoUe agaiii], — I dare no longer 

Jill. Oo, get thee hence, for I will not away. — 

lExit Friar L. 
What's here ? a cup, clos'd in my true love's hand ? 
Poison, I see, hath been his timeless end : — 
chnrl ! drink all, and leave no friendly drop 
To help me after J^*® — I will kiss thy lips ; 
Haply some goison yet doth hang on them. 
To make me die with a restorative. [^Kisses htm. 

Thy lips are warm ! 

First Watch [ToitAin.]. Lead, boy: — which way? 

JiU. Yea, noise ? — then I'll be brief. — happy dagger ! 
[Sttatching Romeo'a dagger. 
This is thy sheath (Stabs herself] ; there rest, and let me 
die."*" [Falls oa Romeo's body, and dies. 


410 BOHBO AND JCLIET. (wi t- 

Enter Watch, wilh the Page o/Paris. 
faye. This is tbe place ; tbeie, where the torch doUt 

First Watch. Tho ground is bloody; search abont the 
churchyard : 
do, some of you, whoe'er you find attach. 

[Exeant some of the Watch. 
Pitiful eight ! here lies the county slain ; — 
And Juliet bleeding ; warm, and newly dead. 
Who here hath lain these two days buried. — 
Qo, tell the prince, — run to the Capulets, — 
Bftise up the Montagues, — some othem search : — 

\Exeunt others of the Watch. 
We see the ground whereon these woes do lie ;"**" 
But the true ground of all these piteous woes 
We caimot without circumstance descry. 

Be-enler »ome of the Watch, wj'i/t Balthasab. 
See. Watch. Here's Romeo's man ; we found him in the 

Firet Watch. Hold him in safety, till the prince come 


Jte-enler others of the Watch, mtk Friar Lauuesce. 
Third Watch. Here is a friar, that trembles, sighs, and 
weeps : 
We took this mattock and this spade from him. 
As he was coming from this churchyard side. 

First Watch. A great saspicion : stay the ^or too. 

Eater the Prince mid Attendants. 
Prince. What misadrentare is so early up. 
That calls oar person from oar morning's rest? 

Unta- CAPUtET, Lady CiFirLBT, and others. 

Cap. What should it be, that they so shriek abroad ? 

La. Cap. The people in the street cry " Romeo," 
Some "Juliet," and some "Paris;" and all mo. 
With open outcry, toward our monument. 


mmam ui.] BOUEO AND JDLIET. 471 

Prince. What fear iatbis which startles in oar""' ears? 

First Watch. Sovereign, here lies the County Paris slain ; 
And Borneo dead ; and Juliet, dead before. 
Warm, and new kill'd. 

Prince. Search, seek, and know how this foul murder 

Firit Watck. Here is a friar, and slanghter'd Borneo's 
With instruments upon them, fit to open 
These dead men's tombs. 

Cap. heaven ! — O wife, look how our daagbter bleeds ! 
This dagger hath mista'en, — for, lo, hie house 
Ib empty on the back of Montague, — 
And is mis-sheatbed in my daoghter's bosom ! 

La. Cap. O me ! this sight of death is as a bell, 
That warns my old age to a sepolchre. 

inie)' Montague and olhere. 

Prince. Come, Montague ; for then art early np. 
To see thy son and heir more early down. 

Man. Alas, my liege, my wife is dead to-night ; 
Orief of my son's exile hath siopp'd her breath : 
What further woe conspires agunBt my age ?"*°' 

Prince. Look, and thou shalt see."*" 

ATon. O thon untaught ! what manners is in this. 
To press before thy &ther to a grave ? 

Prince. Seal up the month of outrage"**' for a while, 
Till we can clear theso ambiguities. 
And know their spring, their head, their true descent ; 
And then will I be general of yonr woes. 
And lead you even to death : meantime forbear. 
And let mischance be slave to patience. — 
Bring forth the parties of suspicion. 

Fri, Zi. I am the greatest, able to do least. 
Yet most suspected, as the time and plaee 
Doth make against me, of this direful murder ; 
And here I stand, both to impeach and pu^e 
Myself condemned and myself ezcns'd. 

Prince. Then say at once what thou dost know in this. 



Fri. L. I will be brief, for my short date of breath 
Is not so loDg as is a tedious tale. 
Borneo, there dead, was husband to that Juliet; 
And she, there dead, that Borneo's faithful wife : 
I married them ; and their stol'n marriage-day 
Was Tybalt's dooms-day, whose untimely death 
Banish'd the new-made bridegroom from this city; 
For whom, and not for Tybalt, Juhet pin'd. 
Yon, to remoye that siege of grief from her, 
Betroth'd, and would have married her perforce, 
To County Paris : — then comes she to me ; 
And, with wild looks, bid me devise some means ' 
To rid her from this second marriage. 
Or in my cell there would she kill herself. 
Then gave I her, so tutor'd by my art, 
A sleeping potion ; which bo took effect 
Ab I intended, for it wrought on her 
The form of death ; meantime I writ to Borneo, 
That be should hither come as this dire night. 
To help to take her firom her borrow'd grave. 
Being the time the potion's force should cease. 
But he which bore my letter, Friar John, 
Was stay'd by accident ; and yesternight 
Betnm'd my letter back. Then all alone 
At tlie ptefixM hour of her waking, 
Came I to take her from her kindred's vault ; 
Meaning to keep her closely at my cell 
Till I conveniently could send to Romeo : 
But when I came, — some minute ere the time 
Of her awaking, — here untimely lay 
The noble Paris and true Borneo dead. 
She wakes ; and I entreated her come forth. 
And bear this woik of heaven with patience : 
But then a noise did scare me from the tomb ; 
And she, too desperate, would not go with me. 
But, as it seems, did riolence on herself. 
All this I know; and to the marriage 
Her nurse is privy: and, if anght in this 
Miscarried by my fault, let my old life 


-tcmm ui.} ROMEO AND JULIET. 47 

Be Bacri&c'd, some hour before his time. 
Unto the rigoar of severest law. 

Piince. We still have known thee for a holy man. — 
Where's Bomeo's mao ? what can he say in this ? 

Bat. I brought my master news of Juliet's death ; 
And then in post he came from Mantua 
To this same place, to this same monament. 
This letter he early bid me give hie father ; 
And threaten'd me with death, going in the vault, 
If I departed not, and left him there. 

Prince. Give me the letter, — I will look on it. — 
Where is the county's page, that raia'd the watch ? — 
Sirrah, what made yonr master in thle plaee ? 

Page. He came with flowera to strew his lady's gi-ave ; 
And bid me stand aloof, and so I did : 
Anon comes one with light to ope the tomb ; 
And by and by my master drew on him ; 
And then I ran away to call the watch. 

Prince. This letter doth make good the friar's words. 
Their coarse of love, the tidings of her death: 
And here he writes that ho did buy a poison 
Of a poor potheeary, and therewithal 
Came to this vault to die, and He with Juliet. — 
Where be these enemies? — Capulet, — Montague, — 
See, what a scourge is laid upon your hate, 
That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love ! 
And I, for winkmg at yonr discords too, 
Have lost a brace of kinsmen : — all are punish'd. 

Cap. O brother Montague, give me thy hand : 
This ifl my daughter's jointure, for no more 
Can I demand. 

Mott. But I can give thee more : 

For I will raise her statue in pure gold ; 
That while Verona by that name is known. 
There shall no figure at such rate be set 
As that of true and faithful Juliet. 

Cap. As rich shall Borneo by his lady lie ; 
Poor sacrifices of oar enmity I 

Prince. A gloomy***" peace this morning with it brings ; 
The sun, for sorrow, will not show his head : 


1 BOHEO ASD JVUET. [loi r. 

do hence, to have more talk of these sad things ; 
Some shall be pardon'd, and some ptmished : 
For never was a story of more woe 
Than this of Jnliet and her Romeo. [Exetmt. 



P.aeS. (i) "enuV 

On UusKiJrdMr. Collier, in the aecond edition otiuE Shaieipeare, has ft note, 
in which, while he goea ont ol his way to make an attach on me, he only Bhons 
hi* own ignorance of our old iBngaage : he sbjb, " The misprint ol civil lor 
' erael' is Rllowed to remain in Qreene and Lodgo'a ' Looking-Qlait (oc Lon- 
don and England' [Djce'a edit. i. 71], 'And play the civil wanton' for 'crufl 
nnton.' " — The pau^e in qaestiim is, 

" Uadun, otileaa yon cay it trick and trim, 
And play the civil wanton ero yon yield," £c. ; 
where "civil" mesni grave, eober. The same enthor in bis Hfevtr too latt, 
Bpealdng ol the conrteMma of Troynovant (i.e. London), tella ns that "theii' 
lo^s are like Inreg that will rcdaime, and like Cyrces apparittons that ean 
repreaent in them all motioiw ; tliey containe modesty, mirth, chastity, wan- 
tonness, and what not; and she that holdeth in her eie most ciuility hatii ott 
tn hir heart most dishoneatie, heing Uke the pyrit atone that i> fler withont 
sndfnwtwithin." Bee my Aecoiint of Qreene and hit irHfin^s, p.S, ed.1861. 

P. 890. (i) - " let me go.'' 

Walker (CHt. Exwn. &e. Ttd. iii. p. 223) qneries " let go." 

P. S90. (3) "grave beiataiag" 

Walker wonld print "grave-beseemlDg," i-r- "beaeetning gravity, mfovwfi- 
nit." Crit. Exam. &o. toI. i. p. 24. 

P. 892. (4) " to the lun.-' 

Theobald'! emendation.— The old e<ls. have "lu the same." — "Theobald," 
obeerrea Mr. Knight, "gave as sun; and we could acaroely wish to restore the 
old reading, evea il the probability ol a typogrsphicsl error, lame for latme, 
were not so obiiona." See also my Remarte on Mr. CoUier't and Mr. Knighl't 
rdt. 0/ Sltaketpeare, p. 167. 

P. 893. (5} " Enter Boiiso." 

The cdd eda. mark hia entraooe acme lines earlier, jost aa previously in the 
preaeut acene, p. SS9, Ibey make Abraham and Balthasar, and also Beavalio, 
enter too aoon 1 and only beeanse they foUowed the prompter's book, whieli 
had the entrances ao aet down, to ahow that tbe performers were to be in 
madinesa to appear mi the atage. Again, in act ii. ac. 3, p. 416, aaoording to 
theoldeda. Bomeoenten while the mar haa yet several lines of bis wdiloqnj 



P. 398. (6) " wetl-ieeming form* ."' 

The flrst qoarto luB " b«8t teaming thingaa."— The quartos of Ifi9d »nd 1609 
hsTs " welix<aa(( /omui." — CorFeetedto " KeU-ieemingformi" in the undated 

F. 893. (7) " Bom. Oood Aeart, at what t 

Ben. Jt thy good heart'M eppratSoa, 
Bom. Why, (twft i> Itwe'* tramgraiUm. — " 
Here the ngnal modem arrangement is, 

" Bom. Good heart, at tukatl 
Bon. At thy good heart't oppretlion. 

Rata, Why, tuch ii love't tmiugreiHon. — " , 

and eince printing the text of (hU play, I alntoet regret that I did not retain 
that arrangement. The passage, however, ma; he rif^t as it stands ; for onr 
oarlj drantatigta BometimeB introdaoe short rhyming lioei in the midst of Uank- 
versa dialognes : bo in Loue^i Labour'i loit, act i. ee. 1 [vol. ii. p. IC6), 
"Long. Marry, that did I. 
Birott. Sweat lord, and why t" — 
Mr. Collier adi^ts the reading of his Me. Corrector In the third of these 

" Rom. Why, tuch, BenTolio, it love't trantgreition." 

P. 39B. (g) "purg'd." 

" The anthor may meao Being pwg'd of imokc; hnt it is perhaps a meaning 
never given to the word in any other plaoe. I would rather read ' Being 
«rp'if." JoHNBOH, — Mr. Collier's Hs. Corrector sabstitntes "poff'd,"^ — Mr, 
Onmt White discovers here an allDsioa to Matthew's Ooipel, iii. 13, ' ' whose 
fan is in his hand, and he nill throngU; purge his floor," lie. 

P. 3S4. (9) "mark-man.'-' 

Altered in the third folio to "marks-man." 

P. S$4. (10) " From love'i weak cMldtth boa the liva itnAann'd." 
Here I have not dlBtnrbed the vsnal modem lection. — The first quarto has 

"Gainst Cupids childith boa the linet vaharm'd." 
The oUter old eds. have 

"From IdiMi loeak childith boa the liuet vnoharmd." — 
Mr. Odlier's Ms. Corrector reads " front love'i aeak childith bow ike livej 
enoharm'd." — Mr. W. K. Lettsom thinks it most probable that Shakespeare 
wrote "'Qainst love'i leeak childith boa the livei encharm'd;" a reading sug- 
gested also by Mr. Grant White. 

P. 891. (11} "iBith Aer diet beauty't ttort." 

So Theobald.— The old eds. have "with heantie dies her ttore."—" The sense 
required, as is clear from BenvoUo's rejoinder, and even from Malone's note 



pn whioh he defends the old reading], U, tlmt her beantj- diee irith her; but 
thl* sense oannoi be aqaeeEed oot of the old text ; theiefive IheobaU'i eon- 
jaotnre is neoesiu;." W. H. IiiTTtoH. 

P. SM. (ti) " Thete happy moita" 

See note 7a on iUcoiurc /or Heatmre. 

P. 396. (13) 

" Par. rounfifr than $h« art happy tnothen made. 
Cap. And loo toon marr'd are ihoie to tarly made." 

Theflist qnarto klonc h»B " to tarly maried;" which i« algo the raBding- 

of Hr. Colliec'B Mi. Coirector, nnd.which, Mr. Biager sayB, " ie ondonbtedlj 
the trae one ; as «re haro it in Pnttenham, ' The maid that eoon marritd {iij, 
•ooD marred ia.'" Shaieipeart Vindicated, &e. p. 231. — Bnt.aa flt«eTeDBadi. 
abservM, " the jingla betneen marr'd and made is likeiriae freqnent among 
tbe old writeTB. So Sidnoj, 

' Oh, he Ib marr'd, that is for others madef 
Spenser introdvees it rerj often in his difTerent poems." He might have 
added, that Bhakeipcaro has it screral times ; to in the present play, p. 421, 
"that God hath nadr, for himself to mar,-" and in Slaebtib, act it. so. S, "it 
maket him, and it mart him." And, as Paris has used the word " made," it 
appears to me moet natnnil that Capolot in his rejoinder should oie " made" 

P. 896. (14) " The tarth liatk tnallow'd all my hope* but t}ie. 
She ia the hopeful lady o/mj/ rarth:" 

80 the undated quarto.— These tno lines are not in the first qaarto. — The 
qaartoa of 1599 and 1609 and the folio hare " Earth hath iwaUowed," &o. — 
Aooording to Steerens, " lady of my earth" is a OalliciBm,— Jille dt terrt being 
tbeFrenoh phrase for an heiren: bat BIr.W. N. Lettsom soapects that Qia 
dose of the second line is Eomtpt 

P. 835. (.5) 

" JmI like her mott lehae ntrit mott ihatt be: 
WhiUt 0* more vim of many, mi-M, being arte. 
May itaitd in number, thouffl^ i^ reekoning nonr." 
In the second line the flnt qnarto has " Such amonggt ef tie of many," Ice. — 
The later old eds. have (not more intellifpblr) "Whiob one [and an] more 
viae, of many," ice- — Johnson eonjeotored "WUhin joia view of many," &e.; 
Steevens, " Search amongst riev of many," ftc. ; and Dr. Badhan [Cambridge 
fnayt, Tol. tor 1856, p. 386} wonld nform the pauage thna, 

" whote merit mott ihalt be, 

Suoh amongst few; of many, mint being one," 4c.— 
I bna adopted the oorreotiMi of MasMi, who obsoTM, " THth this alteration 
tha MOM ia dear, and the deriatiini from [the later qnartos and] the folio 
Twj trifliDg [only the ohange of ' oh' to ' iti']." 


47d ROHEO AHD JULIET. [botu. 

P.SM. (16) ••Aiutlnu'' 

The <AA eda. hftrc "AncelniA.'' 

P. 396. (17) "an/f 

Not in thedd eix. — " A l*t« miter haa anticipated me in remaAiDg, that tke 
lilt of inTitations in Bomeo and Jaliri, i. 2, is in rene : in 1. 7 he hu pra- 
perlf anpplied tha deficient ijUaUe, 

, ' H7 fair niece Rosaline and Liria.' 
In 1. 2, 1 soapeet that for 'Jiuflnu' we ooght to read Miu<I««.' " Walkor's 
Crit. Exaat. £0. to), i. p. 2. — But Capell had long ago written thna ; " How 
if Capnlet'i list of inrited he metre tooT odd as it ms; aeem, it is naariy ao 
now; for readiiuc ' Arutlme' — Aniflmo, aniL giving ' J.iiiia' her epithet i^eMU, 
for ijutaaee), which are both pioper and something mora, it resolvei iiaeU 
into Dine m complete lambioks as any in Shakespeare, nor can be made javM 
without a KTBat deal more altning than goes to making it Tetae." .Vote*, fce. 
vol. ii. P. iT. p. 4. 

P. B97. (il) "Serr. To mpprr to our Jioute." 

"The words 'to topper' are in the old copies annexed to the preceding spMcb. 
The7 ondonbtedl; belong to tho Berraut, to whom they were transteiTed 1^ 
Ht. Theobald [by Waibarton hjihiI Theobald]." Uuom. — C^ell omita >' to 

P. 897. {19) 'Tnl. Wf," 

The seeond ■■ tut" was added io, the soeond folio. —And see Walker'* Crit. 
Exam, lie, rd. ii. p. 146. 

P. B97. (10) "teaUi" 

Used here m a nottn singdlar. 

P. 867. (11) 'Wa^-Iore" 

I did not know that this was Theobald's reading when I proposed it in my 
Eemaria on Mr. CoIUer'i and J/r. Knigkfi ed>, of Sliaketpeare, p. 109. — 
The old eds. have "ladyes loue" and "L*aes loiu."—Qtr. araat White says, 
" I more than donbt that the compoand ' lady-lore' is as old aa the time of 
Shakegpeare." But it certainly is; compare Olson's Coblen Frophetie, 

" The dialogne done, Uien downe came I my Uidy loue to flode." 

Big. D 3.) 

P. 400. (11) ■' Thejiih liva in the tea;" 

"i.«. Unot yet canghL Flih-skineorers to books anoientty were not maom- 
UM). Bach li Dr. Farmer's explanation of this passage," fte. Srixtnta, — 
" The pnrpwt of the remainder of this apeeoli la to show the adrantBge ol 



li&Ting a huidBome perFon to cover i, Tlrtnona mind. It ia evident therebav 
that, inBte&d of ' tbe fltli liTea in the na,' we ahonld rtM * the fish lives in 
Mieihett.' Tot the tea cannot be Mldtobeabesatifuloovertok&ah, Uioa^ 
A theli may. I believe that bj ' the golden itory' is meant no putioolar le- 
gend, bnt uiy valaable Kiitii^." Mabok. 

P. 401. {13) "enpiireid" 

Walker (CHt. Exam. ice. vol. iii. p. 23S) treatB this aa " an emtam for ' tm- 
piereteC." Whyf 

Five timti in that, ere one* in oarfiw viti." 
Var "litt" Walter {Crit. Exam. Ae.vol. ii. p. 124] qaeriee "fltB;"'wUeb 
Bowe gave. — The old ede. have " — our fine will ;" wbich wae flrat corrected 
I17 Halono. 

P. 409. (15) "tliefairiei' midwife;" 

Warborton reads " th* laaoy'a midwife." — '" The fairiet' midwife'' does not 
mean the midwife to the fairies, bnt that abe was the person iiinon<7 the furies 
wbose department it woa todeliveTthe foocies of sleeping men of theirdi«anis, 
those children of an idle brain." Steevenb. — "I apprehend, and iritb no 
Tidenoe of interpretation, that by ' the fairies' midwife' tbe poet means the 
aUdiBife among the fairiet, becanse it was ber peculiar employmcDt to steal 
tbe newborn babe in the night, and to leave another in its place. . . . It would 
clear tbe appellation to »ead ' tbe fainj midwife.' " T, Waetos. 

P. 409. (16) "Her chariot ia an empty hazel-nut," 

■" TUs end tbe two following lines ahonld come immediately after ' Athwui 
men's noses as they lie asleep ;' for it is preposterous to speab of the parts 
of the chariot (ench as the wagon-spokes and cover] before mentioning the 
chariot itself." W. N. Lbttsom. 

P. 408. {x7) 

"OWeourtlert' kneee, that dream oa emirt'iiei ilralgkl ; 

O'er Imeyen' finsen 

O'er ladiei' Up$," 
ETsn if the Orst qnarto bad not bad " O're Cmartieri kneet : who stn^t on 
curttM dreame," Ite., tbe context ongbt to have shown Ualone and those 
.other editors who print " On eoartiert' kneee" that " On" is quite wrong. 

P. 4M. (sS) "a MHrtur't n 

As we have had "eavrtien' knees" on^ a little above, hero is lather an 
awkward repetitioti, which was probably owing to the alterations made fn (Ida 



fttA h]r tke Httkcr boM toe to time. — The fltA yuiio hn ■* 

fen' ■B8ai;''s^m*WarbaTtaiatBcnc«,the " taif mnftiauei a 
fine i> not a tmil at Imm, bBt i 

P. M3. (19) *-a.V' 

■' Be«d ' (AaC viUi quarto 1597." W. 5. Lettmii. 

P. IM. [30) "Ben. SOiJtc, drwM." 

The Hirimil qEUla add* " Tha/ manh mbemX One Slafe, amd Stndmfmat come 
forth witk KapUn* :" tha anilif itrn IwTiiig to wp pn t that tha aeiaa was now 
tkaaged 1« the haU of Capnlet'a houae. 

P. 404. (jij "jMtoiig Potpanr 

The oU edi. hare " AnthonU and Potpoa :" an emi iMiaiJiaMil by the in- 
nudiatelj preceding " Grindstone and MeD." — TliToa;dioat thia aoene PotpAo 
ia ih» Seeond Strcant ; aamm tnt obaerred br C^wHi — «^in hia text, had 
wtonglj iBtrodneed a Third Serraal, bnl in hia Xo:ft, Ice. viitea ■• tuUova ; 
" Tho coene'a idea ia thia : — the enquire aftra' Potpan in 7 [Oit flnt apecehj 
aeea him not thoogh at hand ; nor heara, when what he ujb ia obaerr'd upon 
in word* denoting ttaentmeat for the reflection that'* east on him : a aeeond 
bwTfing ipeech fnMn the enquirer, addrea>'d to different lemmts, doaea with 
a call to thia Fotpau, adding hia other name ; and thii eall he repliea to in 
'Ay, bm/; Ttady,' " te. ToL iL P. ir. pp. 6, 7. — I differ odI; aligfatly from 
Capell, vbopnoetoatea the wnda tfaoa, "AntonjI Potpan!'' 

P. 404. (31) " WtUomt, gentlemen."' 

' Bead ' You're welcome, gentlemen !' and ao read fire lines below. Fottlier 
on we hare ' Yourt welatme, gentlemen ! — Come, mniieiana, play.' ¥at 
• genOtmes.' aa a dlMjlIaUe aee Walker'a Shaketpeare'i Yen^fieatixm, Ac Art.. 
zxdv." W, N. LnraoM. 

P. 404. (11) "She," 

•• Omit * Sht' wiQi Pope." W. N. Letmox. 

P. 40S. (]4) "Herbeaats ftan^mipon the cheel of night" 
In my fonner edition I gare, with the qoartoa and the Aret folio, " It Baemes 
■he hanoi vpon the eheeke of night:" bnt I now adopt the reading of the ae- 
eond folio, — a reading wliieh (whenoeaoeTer the editor at that ftriio maj have 
proenr^ it) ia aaanredlj a great improrenunt. "The repetitioD of tlie word 
> btautg' In the next line bnt one, in m; opinion, eonfirma the emendation of 
onr'wcond folio." BxaERiia. 



P. 40d. [3;) ■• but tkit intnuim Mhall, 

N<»a Iteming twtel, convfrl to biUtr gall." 
Hr. W. N. L«ttRom proposea 

" but tJii$ iiUnuion ihall 
Nov-aeemiog tiettt crnntrt to Utfred [so tto 1699] gall." 
"I omio^Te," lie Baja, " 'twttt' to be ft BnbstantiTe, mi 'convtrt' ta actiTe 

P. «6. {j6) "fint" 

Wftrbnrton's oorreotion,— The old eda. have " rinne" (and " aln''). 

P. 407. (37) " eJiin*.." 

" Tbna th« old oopiei ; for wMoh Mr, Pope ud the iobseqaBiit aditon b«TO 
■nbrtitated "«ftfni.'" Halons. 

P. 409. (jg) " Nay, Pll eonjwrt too.—" 

Ur. Collier od (. is migtRkeii in MTing that all tha old copies {^ve Uiii to Ben- 
Tolio : tlie flnt quarto bu " Sfer: CtU, nay lU eoniurt too." 

P. 409. (39) "I'mMf ^<laii* Cupid," 

Tbe old edg. have "rowvAta«liam: (Tupid" (and'TowvAbrahamCupfir'). 
— " Bhakeipeare wrote ' Young Adam C7tit>td,' dee. The printer or tmueriber 
gaw M thia '^trai,' jnirtalring the d tor 6r ; andthiu made a paasage direct 
□oiuetue nhioh waa undentood in Shakespeare's time I7 all his audience j for 
thia Admn WM a moet notable arcka; and for bia sldU beoame a proverb. In 
Much Ado abma Nothing, act i. [ae. 1] , ' And he that hita me, let bim be 
(dapped on the aboalder, and oalled Adak.' . . . Hia name was Adam Bell [eee 
Qloaaaiy, nab " Adatn," gee.'] . Bo that here 'Young Adam Cuptd,' &o. ia the 
aame aa 'Young Oupid, thatnotabU archer,' Ac. ' The archer god,' as Bpenaer 
[in his Uniopotmoa] calla Mm." nrroK. — In m7 former edition I printed 
"Young anbnni Cupid," — having made the following remarks on this passage 
In a Tolnme pnblisbed in 1853 ; 

" Upton altered ' Abraham' to 'A4am,' nnderatanding the allusion to be to 
the celebrated archer Adam Bell ; and, sinoe Upton's time, the alteration has 
been adopted by all editors, eioept Cspell and Mr. Enight ; the former haurd- 
ing the strange oonjectnre, that, ' as Cophetna waa a Jeui king of Africa, Shake-. 
■paare might make tbe Cn^d that atnck bim a Jeu Cnpid,' Nola, tie. vol. ii. 
P. Ir. p. 7 ; the latter telling ns that ' th« • Abraham' Capid ia the oheat-the 
* Abraham man' — of onr old atatntea.' 

That Bhakeapeare here had an eye to the ballad of King Cophttua and the 
Beggar Maid la oertain ; 

• The blinded boy that $hooUt to trim. 

From heaveo down did hie, 
He drew a dart, and ahot at him 
In place where he did Ijre.' 


483 ROHEO AND JULIET. [wona. 

But Qii* hUiiz* ooQtuiu notbing to oonnteiuuiea, in tiie lUghteat degree, Uie 
reading * ^dant Copid.' 

In Soliman andPerteOa, 1599, ve find 

'Wlien is the eldest sonne of Ptytta, 
That oftraAam-oolonred Trcooii I dead.' 

in UiddleUin'B Blurt, Matter Coiutable, IBOS, 

'A gaodlie, long, thicke, Jfrram-eoIonT'dbeard.' 
and in onr anthor's (UarialoRUj, act ii. ««. 8, aecordiog to the firat tltree folio*, 
•not that OUT heads are Bome browne, Bome blacks, BOin.<braM,-' there being 
no reaton to doubt that in tbeie passageH > abraham' (or 'Abrata') ia a oar- 
mpUon of ■ abron,' i. e. ' auburn.' Is, then, the right reading in the preaent 

' Tonng dbram [^avbvni] Ca^d,' fto. ; 
Shakespeare baTing nsed ' obrant' for ' anbnm-Aafr'iJ,' aa the aathor of SoU- 
manandPenedabaa naed 'a5raA(un.MlonredTroion'for 'Trojan with anbnni- 
coloured Aair' f Ereiy body familiar with the Italian poets knows that the; 
termOnpid, as well m Apollo, 'Dbloiido Dio:' andW. Thomas, in his Prat' 
eipal SnUt of tlu Italitm Orammar, i:a., gives ' Biondo, ttie abems [i. e. om- 
bvnt] eolonr, tliat ia betwene white and yelov.' Big. E S, ed. 1667. In onr 
author's Two GtntUmen of Verona, act iv. sc. 3, ' auburn' means jellowiah ; 

• Her hair is auburn, mine ia perfect Tellow.* " 

A Few Hotel on Shakapeare, Se. p. 109. — 
Mi. Collier (in the seoond edition of his Shakeipeare] pronoonoes m; emen- 
-dation "anlinm Cupid" to be a "wretched conjeotnre :" Mr. Grant White 
estimatcB it reiy diSerentl;, — he adopts It. 

P. «0. (40) "pale" 

So the first qnarto. — The later eds. baTe " sioke." — [WhiebeTer epithet we 
prefer, there win still be a slight awkwardness, as both words ooonr three lineB 
above: bnt "pale" is donbtleas the more proper epiUiet here.)— Mr. Colliea'a 
He. Corrector snbstitatea " white ;" whioh Mr. Collier adopts in the leotnd 
edition of his Shalutpeare, and remarits, "the allusion being, as the words. 
' And none bnt fools do wear it,' establish, to the dress of fools and jesters, 
lAich was then usually motlej, bnt bad formerly been 'white and green.* 
Snch, it is known, had been the dress of William Bnnimar, the court-jester to 
Henry YIII. ; and the IteT. Mr. I^oe has shown (Bkelton's Works, i. ilL and 
128) that John Skelton boasted of the dress of ' white and green' wbioli had 
been given to him by the same king." 

P. 411. (41) " Uuy-paeina" 

So the first quarto ; wbieh I mentioii only becanse two critics hsve recently 
spokenof this as a modem reading, and prefer "lazy-passing," Enbatitnted 1^ 
Mr. Collier's Ms. Coneotorfor " lon'c puffing" of the later quartos and of the 



P. m. (43) " Tlum art thyielf though, not a 2Iontague." 
" Por th« pment punatiution I ua aooonntable. It &pp«ara to ne to ofibnl 
a elemr mdm, which the line aa printed in the idd oopies, when we have a 
coniDUi after ' thijttlf,' and no point *3Mr ' though,' doea not, in m; apprehen- 

Thon art, hovievtr, uiji Joiiet, a Iraing nii gtmrii, amiable and perfect, 
not tainted b; the enmity which ycmr fomi^ beun to mine. 

AcooFding to the conunon ponctnatioQ, the adrersatiTe particle is tued 
without any propriet;, or rather makes the pasaage a 

' My legs are longer tJiough, to run away.' 
Again, in The Taming of the Shrew [act iii. 80. 2J 1 

' Wonld Katharine had never aeen him thovgk P 
ApOn, in Kiag Henry VIII. [act ii. M. 2] ; 

' I wonld not be so «i«k though, tot hia place.' 
Other writera freqaentlj dhb ■ thimgh' for ' hoaever.' .... 

Juliet is simply endearoDiing to aeoonnt for Bomee's being amiable and 
excellent, though he u a Montague. And, to prove this, she aasarts that he 
merely bears that name, bnt haa oons of the qoalitiea of that bonae." &U- 
jjotn. — More recently the old pnnctnation of this line hw been brought back, 
first by Ur. Staonton, and next by Mr. Grant White, who have both defended 
it in notes which, I mnat oonfeBB, are to me hardly intelligibU. 

"In this line and the three following lines wemay, I think, diacem traces 
of an abortive attempt (peth^s by Sbakeapeare himaeU) to remove the im- 
propriety of representing a Christian, and not a family, name aa the name to 
lie got rid of. These lines at any rate intermpt the natural connection of the 
paauge, and so far fnnn alniring over the impropriety In qneation, they only 
render It more obtmMve. Shakeapeare conld scarcely have written ' be aome 
other name:' bntctrnjeotnre wonld be thrown away on these fonr tines." W. 
N. IiiiraoiL 

P. 411. (4]) " Belonging to a man." 

" For the sake of mstre, I an willing to snppose onr anthor wrote ' ^Longing 
to man.'" BnBVUis.— "Qn. 'LongingV a man'T" Walker's Crtt.£iain. ftc. 
v«L iii p. 336. 

P. *H. <44) " mil," 

80 Qie undated qnarto ; and rightly. — Both Mr. Knight and Mr. Collier give 
the leetion of the other old eds., '■ strife ;" Hr, Knight without any note, and 
iSx. Collier with a note which may mislead the reader to sappoae that "lutt" 
is a modem conjectural emendation. — l&BG. Mr. Collier now prints " luil," 
a<dely on the anthoilty of his Ma. Corrector. 

P. 414. (4s) 

" And makt her airy tongve VMre hoarte than miM," 
Mr. Collier gives " airy itAeonwre koartt," &o. ; andrenuAs, "Bo the 



qnuto 1G6T [vhioh, faowerer, has ' — airie voioe u hoarwe,' &o.}, more fltl; 
tbMt tiie later oojneE, irhioh sabititate tongue for * TiAoe.' " Bat the word 
"Ttrioe" ia objeotionkUa htnt, htamaie it oooon joBt abore ; and thoo^ thc- 
cipreMiou, " her airy tongue more hoarae," Ice., in, atriotlj epeaking, inoor- 
reot, it enrelf maj h« •lloiredii)poeti7. To " airy ttm^ue," at least, Uilton 
Mw no objection ; for ha recollected the present pasaage when he wnte 
" And airy bmguet that BjUable men'a names," &c. 

P. 414. (46) "Mydtarr 

80 the undated quarto [" My Deere"). — The flnt qnarto.haa "Madame." — 
Theqnartoa of lfi99 and 1609 hare "My Neeoe" {" neeee'' being eridentlra 
Unnder for " dtere," and by progreiiiTe cormption, — " Deere," " Neere," 
" Neeoe"). — The folio aUo has " My Kfteee." — The editor of the second fidio 
■nbstitsted " Hy eweete." 

P. 416. {47) " oppoild kingi eneamp" 

80 bU the idd eds. except the first qnarto, whioh has " oppoitd foes tneotHjw;" 
a reading peHiaps to bo preferred. — " Shakespeare," says Steerans, " might 
hare remembered the fidlowing paeiage in the old play of The MU/ortunet 0/ 
Arthur, IfiST [written by Thomas Enghea, -with aome ali^t aauisUnce boBt 

'Peaee hath three foti eneatnped in oar breasts, 
Ambition, wrath, and enrle.' [p. 66, reprint.] " 

P. 416.(4!) "unftruWi" 

Ur. Ctdlier'a Us. Corrector snbstitntcs *' nnbnsied." 

P. 418. (49) " Why, where the devil ihould thlt Romeo be 7—" 
Here " Why" hfts been properly added from the first qnarto, where the cor- 
re^MidingwordBaie " Why itlmtsbeoome of BomeaF" 

P. 418. (30) " completaenti." 

See Oloasary to the present edition. 

P. 419. (51) 

" thtu pardonnez-moiB . . . . O, their bons, their Ihmu I" 
The old eds. hsTe " theie pardonmees (uid " thete pardons mees," " pardona- 

mees," &e.) O their bones, their bones," — The Cambridge Editras 

(Globe Shaketpeare) print " thae perdona-mi's" (bnt snrely Mercntio la here 
•peaking of afTected FazKCHrnnn gallants), and retain " O, their bones, their 
bones I" in preference to Theobald's emendation. (Agumtthat emendatiou, 
by the by, Capell protests, and says ; " ' bonet,' as sereral hare obaerT'd, is 
• tm aUnsion to that stage of the Freueh disease when it gets into the bones;' 
the thooght baa it's introdactian from the metaphorical expression jost pie- 
ceding, of— sitdn; at eiue" Note$, &e. rtH. S. P, It. p. 10.) 


Kons.1 BOHEO AlTD JULIET. • 465 

P. 420. (js) " Bom, Hert'i gooiUy gear I 

EuUt Nunc uid Petes. 
Mer. A tail, a tail, a tail .' 
BeD. Ttao, iieo ; a ihirt and a tmoek." 
So the flrrt qiurta. — The UAet ede. hare 

" Bo. Beeres goodly gaore. EnUr Nurte and her wum. 

Mer. Two two, ft sbert sad ■ smooke." 
which is adopted hj Mr. Onnt White ; irbo objects to the words " Two, two ; 
ft ihirt and a EUtook" being aaaigned " to the taeitoRi, curreet, and oommon- 
plaee BeaTolio :'' ;et in his note on the speeoh which preBantlyfoUowe, " fihe 
wiU indite him to lome Bnpper," Ite obseireB that " BeoTolio can be sl^lj 

P. 421. <S3) " iailte" 

ProbaUy we ftre to sappose that BenTolio mefl the word " indUt" in lidicnle 
ol the NDTse'e '^ confidence." (The flret qnarto haa "inoite:" bat in the pre- 
ceding epeech, instead of " eonjldenee" it has " eontereuoe. ") — 1B6S. I now 
.find Walker asking, " Is this [' indite'] in imitation of the Noth's ' eoi^id- 
eneeT Cril. Exam, &e. rol. iiL p. 226. 

P. 422. (st) "weak" 

Ur. Collier'a Ua. Corrector Bnbstitates " wicked." 

P. 423. (55) " Bid her devUe tomt mean* to eonu to thrift 

ThU afttnumtt; 

And there >ke thall at Friar Laurence' cell 

Be ikriv'd and married." 
IVim the broken metre, but more particnlarly from the word " there," whidi 
wonld leem to refer to some prerlonely mentioned looali^, I conolnde that this 
speech is mntilated. (In the first qoarto it is etill ehorter.) 

if the second foUo ; wrong];, according to tit. Oraut 

P. 42S. (57) ■• R U for the dog ; no; I know," Ac. 
Tbeoldede. have "B. it for the ne, I know," Ac — I give Tjrwbltt's emenda- 
tion, which is far mere probable tlian any otber yet propoeecL^Iliteon would 
retain the old text, regnlating it thns; •'B.iiforthe—m: I knoa," tie. 

P. 428. (s8) '• fcocf 

Altered to " black" by Hr. CoUier's He. Oonecfan-. 


48S BOUEO AND JTTUET. [notes. 

F. 434.(59) "But old folki, mtmy frign at thtj/ wen dead ;" 
There ii no doubt some emu'iii the iroiiM "wiany feign" (tlie speUing of Ui» 
Utter wocd in the old eda. being "fain" and "/atne"J. — Mr. Bmoe (see note 
in Mr. CoUler'a flnt ed. of Shaketpeart) proposed to kltei " inanji" to " manr;" 
MkdUr. Orant White priaXa "But oldfotlit,mMnj, ttxaae they vert dead:" 
bat " tare" hM no pn^rietj hare. (Q7. had the M(. " rnooe j^tb" (" anaue, 
i' f^th"), «Meh wu oonnpted into "many fain" f) 

V. 135. (6o> " I'ouT lore tayt," fte. 

Ii thiaapeeeb ili^itlr Mcnpted r oron^t ltt«be printed upnweT 

P. 43fi. (6i) " (iroiffhl a( any imn." 

Altered b^ Hanmer %dA Mr. C<dlier'a Hi. Coireetor to " atraightira; at 017 
TKwi." — Walker [Crit. Exam. &a. toI. ii. p. 266) would lead "ttraighl at mj 
next neat." Bat, aocording to Capell, the original text ia right: "at encb 
t«lk [ol lore and Bconeo] , any talk ot that kind, sayt the speaker, 'tii their 
cOBtom to put on ' learUt'. " NoUi, tee. T<d. iL P. ir. p. 13.— And Mr. Collier, 
who aUo adhere* to the old reading, aptly enough obeerves that " the NniEo 
hae alrea^ told the meet important and intet«eting part of her inlomiatiini." 

P. 426. (6x) 
80 the lonrth folio ("goflgamoor"). — The eadiereds. have " tht goBBamotin," 

I*. 436. (6}) " I cannot ivm i^ ha^ my mm ofvsealth." 
The old ed«. hare " I eannot turn vp lom (and " *ome"J ol balfa mj wealth.^' 
—Corrected bj CapeU. 

P. 437. (64) "U>!" 

The old edB. have "too;" irhit^ Hr. Btannton retains ae right. 

P. 428, (6s) "AndTtaton" 

Bo Capell, and BO Mr. Colliar'HMe. Correetor.— The old eda. hare "Oireaion'' 
(a mifitake ocoaaloned hj the " Or" n'hich oommeaoea the next line). 

P, 439. (66) " eoTTia U avay.—" 

Mr. W. K. Letteom propoEei " aaxrj it aaay ."' 

P. 43&. {(7) "A plague 0' both your lunuei.'" 

The old ed(. have " .j'poie of your lunuei," " A plague a both houte$," and 
" A plague a (and " of) both the houiti ," " the" being eridentlr an etror, 
for presentl; after Merentio tvice eiclaims " A plague 0' both your Aoum* .'" 



P. 480. <68) " mp repatatitiit ttote'd" 

Ttr. W. H. Lettaom qoeiieB "vty Ttputatim'a itain'il." 

P. «1. (69) 

" TybaU, my eoutin! O my brotAfr't child .' — 
O prinee /— hiuband !—0, the blood U >piU 
Of my dear kiruinan T' Ao. 
The fint qauio hu 

" Tibalt, Tybftlt, O mir brolhen child, 
Tnhkpp; light t Ah eA< ilocd it ipilt 
O/my d(ar« Jtiiwinitn," fto. 
The later ecU. have 

" Tybalt, my Conn, my brother! child, 
O Prince, O Cozen, )nuban4, O the bloud ii ipild 
Of my deare kigman (and kiniman)," ice. ; 
where the eeoond luie ia, no doabt, ooimpted : " cozin" wonld Mem to hare 
crept into it in conBeqaeuoa of the truuMriber'a or printer's eje baTiDg: caof^t 
that Kord just abore. 

P. 482. {70) "Phalnu' lodging:" 

The firet qoarto alone haa " Pbabui manaion :" bnl the oOieT reading ceema 
pmferable, to sa; nothing of the \iari " mandm" ooenrrlng towaida the end 
of this speaoh. (Compare Petraioh, Camone t. ; 

" Qaando Tode '1 paetor ealare i raggl 
Del gnut piaseta al side on' egli alberga," fte. ; 
and Johneo&'B Seven Cbangiion* of Chriitendom, Second Part, itg. Bl rerso, 
ed. Ito, n. d., " Till golden PAafrui began to nithdniwhinuelte into his accns- 
tomed lodging," Ae. 

P. 482, (71) 

" Spread thy elate euriain, love-performiitg niglit. 
That rude day'* eye* may vink, and Romeo 
I^ap to thete anni untalk'd-of and unietn. — " 
The old eds. (in all of vhioh, mth the aicaption of the lint qnarto, thhi paM- 
age iafonnd) have " TAatmnnavajeinja," JMi. and " That ran-twajen eye*," 
Ac. — Theobald printed, al Warbnrton'a an^eation, " Thai th' Bon-awiy'B 
ryei," d^c. 1 " the Bna-awa;" being, m Warborton thought, Fbtebns. — AoMid- 
ing to Bteereni, here " nmavaj" meana night; aoooiding to Donee, Jnliet; 
and the late Ber. N. J. Halpin wrote a whole enar {Shakapeare Soe. Paper*, 
ii. 14) to proTe that it means Capid I— Heath (in his ReeitaPj and Ur. Grant 
White (in Shakeipeare'i Scholar, tea. p. S74) would read <> That Bnmonr'a 
ej/ei," Ac ; the latter remarkii^ that " ' Rtuuor' wae spelt rumoure in Bhak*- 
speaie'a daj, and the poseeBBiTe case runtourei, ot oonrae :" bnt the Ant fcdio 
ii directly opposed to anoh a condneion; in it the n^tantive "rmnonr,'' 
wUck occtin tuentg-one timet, iB alwitb bpbli either " mmottr" or " rumor," 
— in tke plural, either "rtunonn" ot "rtuiiMa;" not oaa I see anjpnilw- 
Ulitj that " mmonr'a," in whatsoerer maaner spelt, ahonld hsTe been mls- 



taken lor " mimawmjei." BendsB, tbon^ initers frequently make meniian 
of Bnnumr'g limgve* or tongue (to oar author in the Indnetion to The 8tc, Fan 
of Henry IV., 

" From RvmmiT'i tojiguei 
They bring amootliooinfbrtg," ice. 
and in Sing Jokn, act iv. bo. 3, 

" but thii from rumovr'* tottgve 
I iHjimaxi," tie.], 
Otej oereT, I beliere, allade to Bnmonr'a lyet, except wben they are dtterib- 
ittg that penonage in detail. — Mason'a emendation in " TluU Benomy'a eyee," 
&e. ; Jackton'i, " That onanrea q/M," &o. ; the Ber. J. Mitford'B {OaU. 
Magazine for Jnne 1815, p. 680), " That Lnna'e egei," tee., — " whentheZioI 
Ziuna waa changed into J! and made 'iiuna/then Hie Banse iru entirely loat, 
and, to giveatlaart some meaning to the wi»'d. it was made into 'iluna.vay';'' 
Walker'B (Crit. Exam. *c. ToL iiL p. 2S7), " ThM Cjntliia's eyet," *o. ; and 
Hf. Collier'a Mb. Corrector's, " That anemiea' ej/et," Ac. 

In my BemarJct on Mr. CMier'e and Mr. Enight'i edt. oj Shakespeare, fto. 
1814, p. 173, 1 oflbred two rettorations, — " That mde day's tyt*," £o., and 
" That soon day'a eye*," it's. ; and in mj Fob Netet, He., 1SS3, p. 119, 1 started 
a tfaird (me, — " That roving eyei," &o. (Compare 
" Sanoie nmUng eye. 
What wispent in my brain that she is faiM?" 

Haywood's See. Part of King Edamrd IF. ug. G 4, ed. 1606.) 
Tbo flrat of these I have now inserted in Uie text ; and I have given it the 
preference t« all the other readings yet proposed, not from any OTenreening 
fondness lor my own conjeotore, bnt becanse it indispnlably comes the nearest 
to tbe dvctue titerarum of the old corruption. I mnst not omit to add, that 
it also ooonrred to a gentleman, who, not aware that it was already in print, 
commnnicated it to Nolet and Qaeriee lor Sept. 1S6S, p. SIB. — Mr. Hitfwd, 
indeed, objects to it (uii nipra] that " ' Day's eyes would wink' whether the 
nif^t was eloui^or clear; so Uie force of' cloudy' would be lost by this read- 
ing," — an objection which carries no wei^^t, for the present address to Night 
is certainly to be considered as distinct from the lines wbioh precede it. — 
Again, Mr. Grant White {ubi lupra, p. 378) is of opinion that " all the sug- 
gestionB, except Buttutr't, ftul to meet the demands of the context, ' untaU'd 
of and nnseen.' " But I do not allow that sueh is the case with " rvde day'i 
eyeei" lor poetry represents Day aa an ofBdoasiuteUigeaeeri and wlien once 
her eyes were closed, Borneo would Dome to Juliet "untoljt'd of," as well as 
oaaeen, by the citizens of Verona. 

Tlie passages in oar eariy poets about Night spreading hor curtains, and 
Dtj closing her tyei, ace aumeroaa : so in Drayton, 

" The sullen Night hath her black Curtainei ipred, 
Lowriug the Day hath tarried Tp so long, 
Whotefaire eya eUmng softly ateales to bed," &o. 

Baroni Warree, B. iiL at. 17. ed. 8to. 
(thi* stanza — wbioh goes far to support the reading, " rude day't eye*" — is 
yvrj difltoent in the foUo ed.) : and I need hardly cite the well-knowa lines 
in our anUuB's Macbeth ; 



" Coine, Beeliiig night, 
Souf vp tlie tender eye o/pitifal day," &o. Aot ilL se. 2. 
KoronghtRjijciietoniigatgaiiiBtaieTeAdiiig, " That rude dt^'t e^M nap 
trinl, and Jitnuo," JCo.,th>t it mkkei "J!(»n<o"Btnajll«bl«, while afterwuds 
in ttiii ipMoh that name oectin as a disijllable ; for elaewhere wa find " Ro- 
■Ko" med dolh (u a dfMyUobte and a truyliaiteinlhc lamttpeich. So, p. 431, 
" Ben. Tybalt, here il^n, whom Borneo'* [iliMjll.] hand did el^ ; 
Jitnuo [diiajlL] that ipoke him lair, hade him bethink 

BetortB it : Roimo [ttuyll.J he ories elond, 

Bnt bj and by comes back to Borneo [triajlL], 

And, aa he fell, did Romeo [diaijlL] tnm and fly," tco. 
Again, p. U6, 

"Jfur. Hie to yarn chamber: I'll And ilomM [triayH.] 
To oemtort yon : — I wot well wheie he ia. 
HaA ye, yonr Romeo [diseylL] will be hete at night," tie. 
And p. 4BS, 


Beoanse he manied me before to Botmo [.diaajll.] f 

I wahe before the time that itontM [tri^'U.] 

And there die stranded ere my Romeo [dii^ll.} oomea f " Ice. — 
ISftS. Mr. Grant White (note in hii edition ol Shakeipeare) is now inolined 
to Qdnktbat "tbe true view of the paeaage was tahen by Waibnrton," who 
(aa mentioned above) nipposed that " runaway" meant Hushns. — The Ber. 
W. B. Arrowsmith, after aUnding to " the proidigionB gtteesea at a rabeUtnte 
for * mnawaya' in Romeo and Juliet, and the extravagant specnlations tonoh- 
ing thepenons to whom it refers," writea thna ; "It is Boppoaed thattowfnjt 
means only to emniife; whereas, beaides thia its atricter aenae, it also often 
signifies to olose the eyes in aleep, in aonnd aleep. Bnt boweTW that may be, 
whether ignoranoe of sneh nsage be at the bottom of their tronble with the 
recorded text or not, I defy the qneasiest objector of them all to prodoM (me 
solid reason for qnestioning the propriety of Shakespeare's eipreBdng the de- 
sired secrecy of Romeo' a Tiait by the darkness, under cover of which mnaways, 
i. e. fngitivea, may Bleep seeore from aorpriae, that shall not teH with eqnsl 
focce against the propriety of hia expresaing the quickness of • lover's hear- 
ingi by what is inandible to the ' suspicions head of theft' {Lovt^i Labovr't 
lo*t, act iv. BO. S). The oonditione of teereey in that ease, and of ailenoe in 
this, conld not be exemplified by instances more happy in themselTee, or more 
neatly allied to each other.'' The Editor of • Kotrt and Queriei' and hit friend 
Mr. Singer, fte. p. 11. — I have only to add to this already too long note that 
•' mnnawsyea'' being a gross eorraption remains nnahaken. 

P. 488. (7.) 
The oU eds. have " grow." 


400 BOUEO AHD JUUST. [mm. 

P. 488. (73) " tlum nuns t^on" 

Bo Um sndKted qnarto (a reading wbidi, witA Mr. Staanton, I now pnta). — 
Tbii U not in the fint quarto.— The qnartoa o( 15W and 1609, and the foHe, 
hBTc " then new mou rpon.'' — The aeeond folio haa " than new mow on." 

P. 438. (74) "And that ban vowtl • P ihaU poUon more 
Than tb (lMtA-<lar1iKf a/e of eoekatrite :" 
"At hit [Shakespeare's'] time uf da,j the lOrmatiTe adrerb Aj/ waa ganenllr 
written I : and by this measB it both beoomea a vowel and answms in sobimI 
to Eyf, upon which the coneeU tnma in the aeoond line." Thxobud. 

P. 434. (7j) " ihul," 

The old eds. hare " ahot." 

P, 434. (76) "MoeonM" 

80 the fourth loUo.— The earlier eda. IWTe "IwoiUMled"aiid"BOimded."— 

note 93 on The Winttr'i Tale. 

P. 184. (77) " Doveftatker'd raven J" 

The old eds. hare " Banenoni eUme/tatherd raven." 

P. 435. (7S) " rtar-word" 

>■ Pcrhapa OoUier'a conjeetnre, ' rear-uord^ is right." W. N. Litisow. 

P. 487. {79) 

" Hmee-banUIOd U banUh'd/rom the aorld, 
AndKorld^t esiU U death: — then baniihment 
I» death mh-term'd: calling death banithtaeni,'' 
The first f|iiarto has 

"Henee bettiihed, U baniiht fntm the world: 
And world eiilde it death. Calling death iaTtuhment.''' 
The later eds. have 

" Henee baniehtd, it baniiht front the vorld. 
And woridt exile it death. Then battighed, 
I* death, mittermd, tailing death banished." 

P. 487. (So) " iTith'd" 

Hr. Collier's Ms. Corrector snbatitatea " bnuh'd." 



P. 487. (8i) 

" And ttealimraorUii bletiitigi front her lip*; 
Who, tvenin-pare and vettal modaty. 
Still hhab, a» Ihinlmig theirown kiaei lin; 
But Borneo may not, — ht U baniihid : 
ThU maj/ftie* do, whenlfrom thU miittfiy: — 
And tay'il than ytt, that exilt it not death I 
Hadtl thim no poiion mii'd,'' Ice. 
Bo the totio, exoept tlut in the flnt line it hu "bleBsing" (which wm Rghtly 
altered to "iI«Niiv" in thetonrth folio) ; wid thatitgiTea "But Bbmto maj/ 
not, — he is boniiUd" after the line "Aitd lay'it tbon ytt," ice., an arror re- 
tained fnm the qoartoe of 1S99 and 1609, and the undated qnarto, where the 
{iMUige atandt thus ; 

"And tttale imrnorlaU, blesBing /ran her lift. 
Who tuen in pure and uettall modettie 
Still bltuh, at thinking their oume kiltu tin. 
Thie mayfiyet do, wAcn I from thii muttJUe, 
Andiayiit thou yet, that exilt ienot deaAt 
But Romto may itot, he it baniihed. 
Flies ma; do this, bnt I from this mnst flie : 
The; are freemen, hat I am baniahed. 
Badtt thou no poyton wi'il," *o. — 
Here the flnt qnarto ia much leu full. 

P. 197. (S2) " hear me a littleipeak." 

I now, with Capell, Mr. Stannton, and Mr. Orant TThite, adopt thia reading 
bom the qaartos of 1G99, 1609, and the undated qtiarto.—'Die first quarto haa 
" heart me 'but ipeake a word;" objeotionable od acooont of the oocnirence of 
" word" in the line immediatel; preceding thii and in the seoondline after it. 
(The folio has on); " heare me tpeake,") 

P. 139.(83) "Fri.Ii. O leofid tympatky ! 

Pittout predicament/" 
" The old copies giTB these worde to theNnrse. One ma; wonder the editors 
did not tea that anch langnage mart neceMaril; beloag to the I^ior." Fui- 
UKB, — whole alteiatioii is approved of bj Steerens, Malone, Walker, &e. 

P. 440. (14.) " Thoiipirut'il upon Ihj/ fortune and thy love : — " 
So the qnarto of 1687.— Tlie qnartoe of 1599 and 1609 have " Thou pats Tp 
thy," ftc— The undated qoarto haa " Tlum powts upon thj," Ice. — All the folios 
bare " Thou patteat vp thy," be. — (In the flnt quarto the line atanda thus, 
" TAou frownat cpon thyTnXe thatamilea on thee.") 

P. 448. (8s) " Cynthia'i brvw ;" 

The two Ma. Carraofavs— Mr. ColUer'i and Mr. Singer's— read " CipUhia'i 
bow;" wbiohmajbe ti^t: bnt, aa Mr. Btannton obaerrea, Bbaheipeare baa 
•Iwwheie allowed bimaaU gteat latitude in the nae of the word " bnnr." 



P.4i8. (86) "cionff'tf- 

The old ad«. hmw " obftuge." — CcaT««ted by If uon. 

P. «S. (I7) 

" Art Ihmi gem (o r my Eonf, nuf loet, my friatd !" 
So the flnrt qnuto ; whioh reading I have prefensd to tliat of the later eda. , 

" Artthougoaeto, Loua, Lord, 19 hiuband, /ricnd," 
beoanie I have great doabta (thoagh Mr. Knight and Hr. ColUer hare ntue) 
if the " ay" I« to be nnderstood as eqniTalent to " i/u" (tbe nsnal old apeUing 
•t it in that aenae being " T'}- ^^ editor of the me<nid folio altered it to 
" ah ;" for whioh perhaps it was intended. 

P. 441. (Sg) " Whiek yo« weep for." 
Tli«ol>ald printed " WMeh you do uetp/or." 

P. 44i. (i9) " ««."■ 

Added in the ondated quarto. 

P. 445.(90) •'TovTeakthttoBelbaremjletnuiilTybaU' 
This line bung imperfect in all the earlier eda. , the editor of the seoond folio 
added " Tybalt." — Malone sajs that the omitted word waa more probahl; an 
-epithet to "coutin." — Mr. W. K. Lettsom propoeea "Toartat tlie loaelvm 
bore my eoiuin." 

P. 446. (91) ■' needful Umt ;" 
" [Approred of b; Walker] is the reading of the qnarto J597, and ot mott 
modem editiona. The oUker old copies hare ' netiy [tunc] ,' and ao recent 
editors; bat does not fuci^ rather mean((y^riy,jKnMrly-((rietm r" W. K. 
l4ZTTW»i,<— note on Wallm'a Crit. Exam, Ac. toL iL p. SO. 

P. 446. (91) " tJuie are newi indttd!" 
Mr. Ccdlier'B Us. Correolor assigns these words to Lady Capnlet. Bat can 
any Hiing b« plainer than that Jnliet ezolainu, " ttuie are nae* indeed .'" in 
reference to what her mother has said a little before, " Bat now 111 tell thee 
joyful tiding*, girl" r 

P. 446. (93) " When the lun leU, the air (loth drietU dew ," 

Mr. Collier, who (lihe Mr. Enight) pTos " the earth doth driule dtK," 

■^., observes here ; "MalonesajBUiattheandatedqiiartohaaairfor 'earth.' 
Saoh does not appear to be the ease, aeoording to Bteevena'a collation of it 
with the qoarto 1609 ; and certainly ereiy oOier ancient copy has ■ earth,' 



whioli Halone folly jiutiBM (though he printa air) b; th« (oUowIiig lina 
from B]ukkMp«*re's ' Lnoreoe,' 

' Bnt SB the earth doth vttp, tht ran being lel.' " — 
Tlie nndited qnarto (in the BritiBh Unsenm) is now before me ; and it giTes 
the line euwtlj tbni, 

" When the Sim $eU, the Ayre doth druU tUavi" &c. 
Ab to the pwBage from iniT anthor'a Luerece, SteerenH showed long ago thAt 
it did not "justify" (what, indeed, oonldr) nieh an nttet absiudi^ u "the 
■AATH DBizzi.iifa dew." 

p. 44S. (94) 

"'Proud,' — and • I thank you,' — and ' I thank yoa tiot ;' — 
And ytt ^notpTOvd:' — tnittrtu vAaitat, you," 
" Bead," «a78 Hr. W. N. Lettsom, 

" ' Prond, and yet not prood, and, I thank yon not. 
And ytt, I thank yon, miitreaa minion yon,' Ikes. 
A tiknapositioii has taken place, and one ' yiV fallen oat." 

P. 448. (9s) "/<[«*" 

The Int qnarto, and the seoond, third, and fourth folios hare " settle." — 
The other old eda. hare "fettle. "-^ee QloBBary. 

P. 447. (96) " had ttnt tu" 

'' So the fliat qoarto, 1507. The mbseqnent andent oopiea read ' had lent 
na.' " HaIiOKk. — Though I hare follow the earliest authority, I see nothing 
obJeetionaUe in the reading of the later old eds. 

P. 447. (97) "Peace," 

Perhaps "Feate, peace." 

P. 447. (98) 

"Ood't bread! it makes mt mad .- day, itight, late, earty. 
At home, oirdod, alone, in company. 
Waking, or ileeping, /till my care hath been 
To hace her maleh'd .-" 
The flnt qnarto has 

" Qodt blessed mother wife it mads me. 
Day, night, early, late, at home, abroad. 
Alone, in company, making or tleeping. 
Still my eare hath beeM to tee her nateht." 
The Utn eds. hare 

"Qodt bread, it make$ me mod. 
l>ay, night, home, tide, time, woike, play, 



I giT« tbe modeni «ompg«it« reading ; which (bb i> remmrliBd hy Mr. Orutt 
'White, who, howeveT, does not «4opt it) " pcoliapi tbtj neaxij BpproMhe* 
whit Shakeipean wrote, on the reviaion of the pUj." 

P. 448. ^9) " A$ living here," 

"Biz Thomaa Hanmer ittAa 'Ax living Ittnee,' OitX ia, at a diBtauee, in 
baniabiaent ; bnt ' here' ma; tigiuJj ' in thii viorld'." JoHKaox. — I anspect 
that " here" ia wrong. The line, p. 4S7, " Sence fzom Verona art thmi ban- 
iehdd," is ootrnpted, in the seoond and third qnartoe and in the folia, to 
" Here In Vwona," te. 

P. 448. (loo) "What!" 

Hanmer i«intB " To what T' bnt it ia moro probable that we oo^t to read 
" What Mj yoD }" for the fint qoatto haa " What tj 709 Hadame t" 

P.449. (loi) "eurtid fiend."' 

Bo the flnt quarto alone. — On the common reading, " wicked jtmd," Walter 
remarka, " Almoat M flat as ■ deadly murder,' King BenrjT. iii. 8. 'Wither'd,' 
I imfflim ; (aoarcelr ' turinkUd^." Crit. Exam. Ico. vol. iiL p. 238. 

P. 149. (101) " ^nd I am notAtnjr lUne to tlaeh hit hatte." 
" If thii kind of phnweolog; bs jnetifiable, it can be jnatifled only by si^ 
paling the meaning to be, there U within^ 0} iloanett in me, ta indMCemt 
to tiaeken or abate hi* haite." Uai.ohe. — " The nnae appears to bo, ' and I 
am not alov Jn my oum preparation* /or llu vedding, to give Mm tu^f reaton 
to alaoken hia hasty proceedingB." Btiuntoh. 

P.4E2. (loj) 

" In thy he*t robei, uncomr'd, on the bUr, 
Thou ihalt bi borne to that tame onciml vaidt" 
The flnt qnarto haa nothing vhich correspanda with thia except the Hqo, 

" And when thon art laid in thy Kindreds Tanlt." — 
The later eds. have 

" In thy but robe* trncouered on the Beere, 
Be borne to bntiall in thy kindreds grane : 
Thov ahall (and ehalt) be borne to that $ame anelent vault." 

P. 469, (104) " Give me, give me .' O, teU not me of /ear."' 
Probably the modem alteration, " Give me, 0, give me t If II," Ac, ia what 
the poet wrote. — Mr. W. N. Letlsom prqpoBea " O, (^et me, giveH me I tell," 
&e.: bnt IbelieTe that the"it"iaiuuMO0aaar7here; oompaie Jfacb«tA, aeti. 
■o. S, " ' Oive me,' qnotb L" 



P, iSi. (105) " twflity cunntfitf eoolti." 

" T»attj/eookM for haif-a-dotm gaeiU .' Eitfaet Capulet has altSMi Ida miiul 
■trMgel]>, or oni nOiar totgot vhmt he had jaat made him tell na. S«e 
p. 443." RiTBON. — " This arose from his sometimeE following and atmiedmefl 
deMrtioff his origiikal. The aeene referred to was his own invention; hnt 
here he has recoUeoted the poam," tie. tiAiasm. 

P. «4. (106) "up Act-/' 

*' Three lines b«low we hsTe ' prepare him np,> and in p. 466 ' trim her up.' 
In the flnt and tidrd eiampIeB the old copies agre« ; in the laoond Qtey 
are dirided. Should not the prepositioa come last in all these eases, the 
franonn not being emphatio F" W. H. Ljrisov. 

P. 464. (107) "Miutlofforet bt married to the county I" 
Tkns the quarto of ISOT. . . . The snhseqnant ancient copies read . . [and 
nnoh more tamelf] 

' Shall I be married titen to-moirots morning /' " Uuioke. 

P. 455. (laS) 

"No,no! — thi* thall forbid it; — lit t)u>u thert. — " 
^le flrst qoarto alone luw 

" Thit thaU forbid it. Knife, lye thou there .-" 
«nd Mr. W. IT. Lettsom — who remarks that " the omisBion of ' knLFe' is pecn- 
liarl; awkward, as Juliet has been addiessiiig the vial just before" — proposes 

"^0, no.- — th^ lAoU/orbtitl:— knife, lit thou thtre.^' 

P. 4«6. (los) " make," 

So the undated qnarto.— The qnartos of 1699 and 1609, and the folio, have 
"" walke." — This line Is not in the first qoarto. 

P. 466. (no) 

" BomeOy I tomt ! thit do I drink to thee." 
"Bo tte first quarta— The later eda. haTe the prodi(0«u reading, 

" ilonuo, Borneo, Bomeo, heeres drinke, I drinke to thtt ;" 
a stage-direeUou, " Htere drinke," haTing evidently crept Into the tert and 
become " heeres drinke." 

At the eloee of this soUIoqnj the first qnarto has " She fall vpon her bed 
vilMn the Cvrtaina," i.e. within the tiaTeises : see mj ilentoir of Shake- 
tptare, p. 4S. 

P. 466. (ill) "Horse. Oo, you eot-jtMan, 170," 

"Walker (Oit. Exam. die. vol. ii. p. 184) wwold assign this speedi to I«dj 
Cspnlet (as Singer does) : bat that alteration it forbidden at least bj the first 
^[oarto, where the next speeoh stands thus ; 



w mttoht lU sl^t, and hsiu 

P. 158. (ill) "FtL L. Cante, U t?u bridt rtadj/ to go to ehMreht'' 
Mr. BUnnton follom the Snt qiurto in giTing tiiii apaeeh to Puia : 
wonld the deepIf-eDftraonred Paris speak of his Juliet merely aa ' 

P. 468.(113) "•«" 

An addition bom the passage as giren in Um &nt qiiarto ; 

"Hath Death taint vith thy iftiie, Jtoaer tu the is, 
D^flmeerd by Aim, tte, where iht lya, 
Dtaih U ny Sorme in Laic, to him I gine all that I hane." 

P. 458. (114) "But one, poor one, one poor and loving child," 
" PossiUj, * one dear and loving child.' " Walker's Cril. Exam. io. toI. L 

P. 4G9. (itj) •' Dead art thou, deadr 
The seoond " dead" was inserted hj Theolwld. — Malone oonjaetaiad "Dead, 
dead, art thou f" Ac. 

F. 459. (ti6) •■ cure liva" 
The old eds. have "oare EiuM."— Corrceted b; Theobald.— Here too Mr. 
W. N. Lettsom wonld altar " livei" to " lies." [Live and lie, aa tn have 
alrtad; seen, «ere freqaently oonfoimded hj tiuiMribers and printers.) 

P. 469. (117) "fond" 
Bo the seoond folio ; whiofa, whether the aathor's word or not, makea at 
least seaee. — The earlier eds. (except the flrtt qnaito, where thU is not 
found) hare " some," — which, though it makes downright nonsense, Ut. 
Sni^t retains and defends. 

P. 460. (iiS) "Then have at you with my leit!" 
This in the old eds. fivms part of the preeeding speech. 

P. 460. (119) " with -my iron wit," 
The first quarto has " with my wodden trtt." — The later ed>. " with an yrm 



"btcatueiachftlUiiei ai you Jiave *eldo!n gold /or tounding : — " 
"Tbns the quarto 1597. — The othen [othei ede,] read 'beeaiue n 
[have no gold/or loundiuff}.' I shaold Biupeot that • fiddler made the slter- 

P. 461. (,i,) ■' [Eiit." 

Uoat edltora print "Exit, sxi^ag:" bat mu^y Potei quotes the MOg ttith- 
ovt nnguig it. 

P. 461. (ill) "thtfiatttring eyeo/iletp," 

Bo the first quarto. — The later eds. hare " the Jlattering trnllt a/ tUepe." — 
Otiray (in his Caiiu Mariut, which ia parti; tak^n from Romeo atut JulicI) 
ntda" the Satter; ofittep;" Warborton, " the ftattering rath o/ilefp;" Mr. 
Collier'B Us. Correotor, " the JtatUring death o/iteep;" Mr. Singer {Shait- 
tpean Vindicated, &e. p. 294), " thejfattering soother tleep ;" and Mr. Grant 
White, '* the jlattering sooth o/tleep." 

P. 4S3. (iij) " Need and oppreuion itareth in thine eyei," 
The qoarto of 1699 and the nbEeqaent eds. hare "Need and oppreuion 
stameth t'n th; eytt" (quarto 1637, " thine et/ei"). — The first qoarto, in the 
oarresponding paesBge, has " And stomed famiue dwelleth in thj eheekcs." 
-i.Aec<n^ing to Malone, "tho Kord 'starved' in the first copy shows that 
' starveth' in the later copies is right :" bat Bitson well observes that " ' Need 
and oppreuion' cannot properly be said to ' itarve' in his eyes, though 
' itarved famine' ma; be alliwed to dwell in bis c))eekB."— Otway, who hi- 
trodaced this line into his Caiui tf(iniw,was the first to sabstitate "etareth" 
tor the oormpUon " starveth," — Otwsy being eudowed with eontmoii sense, 
as well as with genios. 

P. 463. (114) "Ipat) thij poverty, and not thy idHI." 
A writer in Tft* Wt*tminiter Reniea, toI. iliv. p. 61, says that hero " Mr. 
Knight very properly restores the reading of the second qnarto and the first 
folio, ' pray :' the relatios here is between Borneo's eameilly rrp«al<ii j»-ayeT 
and Qie apothecary's eonirnt; the moment tat paying him is not yet arriTcd." 
Bnt what docs the writer understand by the conolnding words of Borneo's 
preceding speech, "take thii"! cnn hs donbt that "thit" means the gold 
which Borneo holds in his hand, ready to piiy the Apothecary? 

P. 466, (iij) " Under yond yew-treet" 

The first qoarto has " Vnder this Ew-trco ;" the later edt. have " Vnder yond 
young (and "yong") tree:" 

P. 46S. (ia6) "ttand" 

i.e. remain; which I notice beoanse llr. Collier now prints, with bit M». Cor- 
rcetor, " stay." 




P. «E. (i»7) 

" Sxttt fioicer, tnlthfineeri thy bridal bed I *lrtw" Ac 
nstead d this qiutnin ud conpkt the first qtutrto alone hM 
" Stctel FUnrer, Kithjtoiceri I etiev thy Bridals hei : 
Sweete Tombe that in thy cirenite dost confaune 
The perfect modell of etomitie : 
Faire Inliet thftt with AogellB doet remaine, 
Aocept this latest faoonr at mj handa, 
That lining honoord tbee, and being dead 
WIU) fonerall i«alsea doo adonie tliy Tombe." 

P. <66. (laB) "bade" 

lo qnarto I8S7. — The earlier eds. faaTs " bid." 

P. 496, (119) " I dc dtfy thy eonjurationii," 

i.e. (u Malone properly eiplains it] " I refnso to do as thon coDJnrest me to 
do, i.e. to depart." Of " conjiirnrJEin" in the sense of " earnest entreaty" ws 
have an example in A PUaiant CommodU, ealted Looke about you, 1600 ; 

" Wliat needs more coniuration, gratjons mother f" Sig. D S. — 
Here the lint quarto reads as above, — The qnarto of 1599 has " I do dtfie 
tJiy comDuration" (where " commiration" is plainly a misprint for " conin- 
ration;" the editor of that qnarto preferring the word in the singular). — The 
later eds. have " I do dejie thy commisseration" (and " commiseration") ; the 
person who first enbatitnted '* commisseratton" for " commiratian" beingwith- 
ont an ear for verae, and thli^tiog that he set all right by the change. 

P. *fl7. (130) " Dtad, lU tliou there, h\) a dead innii inlerr'd." 
The old eds. have " Death lie thou," £0.— Bnt snrely the sense demands the 
veiy sli|^t alteration which is now made, and whieli I owe to Mr. W. N. 
LettBom; who obaerrei that " in all the old eds. > death' ooenia at the end of 
the neit line and in the middle of the tbird line after this, — also in all the old 
eds., except the first qnarto, at the beginning of the fifth line after this." 

On the words " by a dead man intetT*d'* Malone remarks, " Borneo being 
DOW determined to pnt an end to his life, considers himself as already dead." 
(Cqtell had anticipated Malono in remarking that Bomeo here means him- 
self. Notet, Ac. voL ii. P. iv. p. 21.) 

P. 407. (iji) " Ah, dear JuUet, 

Why art thoa yet to fair I ihall I btlteve 
That uniabitantial Death i» dnurroHf ;'' 



" ^'i dtare Juliet 
Why art thm yet lo faire / I will beleene, 
Shall I helteue, tliat viuubitantiall dtath it an\ffro 
where " I irill beliere" and " Shall I teUevt" kre evidently m 
whicb, by some misUke, have both crept into the text. 

P. 468. (.j») 

"And never from tkit palace of dim night 
Depart again ; hert, here will I revtain 
With monu," Ac. 
Here tgtdn the fint qoarto is much less fnll.— The nndated quirU) reads at 
sbore. — The quartiM of 1599 and 1609 and the folio have 

" And neuerfrcm thie pallat (and "pallaee") of dym night 
Depart agaiae, come Ije thou in mj armo (the /olio "armen''), 
Heer'B to thy health, where ore thon tambleit in. 
trtie Appothcoorie t 

Thy dmgB are qnicke. Thne with a kiaae I die. 
Depart agaiite, here, here, tcIII I remaine. 
With wontei," &c. 

P.468. (i3j) ■■my-' 

Tha old ods. have "thy,"— "'J/tf' mrely," aaya Walker (Cril.Ejraui. &ctoL 
lii. p. 338) ; not knowing that the correctian had heen made long ago. 

P. 468. (134) " this yea-tree"' 

The old eda. have " IhU yong (and " young) (' 

P. 4G9. (1 35) " I dare no longer itay." 

Capell prints " I dare Btaj no longer.'' 

P. 469. (136) "OuAiirl.' drink all, and leave no friendly drop 
To kelp me after t'' 
The firat qnarto has onlj 

" Ah churie drinke all, and Uaue no drop Ua me." 
The qnsrto ol 1899 has 

" O clMrU, dnuike nil, and left no friendly drop 
To lielpe me after." 
7he quarto of 16W, the undated qnarto, and the foUo'haTe 

" O ehurle, driiikr aU, and loft no friendly drop. 
To heipe me after," 



P. 46», (i 37) " O hujipp dajffirr .' 

TAf( ii Ihy thealh (Stabs liereelf); thert rut, an4 let mf dh." 
, Tbe first qnaiio hsa 

" O happy dagger tbon abalt end mj hue, 
Rett in m; bosoms, thna I come to thee." — 
The oUier old eds. r«ad »b in Uio text, eioept that thej hare " there nii 
and let ine dye" (the folio haring beudes " 'Tis in thy tJieath"),—! belierf 
" nut" to be a decided error : at EDCh a moment the thonghta of Juliet vert 
not lihe^ to wander stnj to the futwe nulin^ of the dagger ; she onlf 
wishes it, by rutin; in her bosom as in its aheath, to give her instant death. 
— Mr. Collier's Ms. Ccarector altars " rust" to " reit ,-" " Trhich nord," bst!! 
Ur. Collier, " we on, all Mconnts prefer. As tbe Rot. Mr. Djce remarkis. 
Sm It may be added, that if short-hand were employed in tbe ori- 
ginal pnbliaatioD of this play, the words ' rest' and ' nut' woold be spelt 
with the same letters. "^Bnt Mr. Grant White is decidedly opposed to the 
reading " rest," haying preferred it, be tclla ns, only " wheD he was green <n 

P. 170. {13?) " We tie the ground KhereoH thete iroei do lie ,■" 
" Sorely a line is lost previous to this, rhyming to 

> Bnt the tme gronnd of all tbcso piteons woci..'" 
Walker's Cril. &o. toI. i. p. 74. — (Johnson proposed to restore the 
alternate rhymes in tbe last four lines of tbia speech by making the first of 
them end with " Saute other* go :" and the third with " all this pileom 

p. 171. (.3,) ■•..,■■ 

The old eds. haye " jonr."— Corrected by Johnson. 

P. 471. (140) 

"Aim, ray liege, my «ife ii dead lo-uighl; 
Griff of my lOn't rx'ile luilh rlopp'd her breath : ■ 
What further irot conspira againet my age ?" 
The oorrospondiug speech in the first qnsrto is ; 

" Dread Bonereigne, my Wife is dead to uigbt. 
And yong Benaolio is deceased too .- 
What farther mischicfe can there yet be fonnd V 
and I am inclined to think that the second of those lines, "And yong Bcn- 
vtdio is deceased too," onght to be inserted, in a modern text, after " Orirf 
ofmgton'i exile halli ttopp'd her breath;" for, as Bitson obserres, "the 
line, which gires an accannt of Benvolio's death, was probably thrown in to 
aceonnt for his absence from this interesling scene." 



P. 471. ((41) " Look, and thou ihalt lee." 

" These words, u tlie; stand, being of no kiudred to metre, wo may fairly 
huppose that soma others hsTe been csaoRlIy omittod. Perhaps ow aatbor 

' Look in Ihit vionajiient, and thon shalt see.' " 

Stbevesb. — 
I Bospeet that ire onght to roa^ " Look hero (or " there''), and thou ihall 

P. 471. (14a) " Seal ap the mouth of outrage" 

Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector gives " Htal ap the mouth of ontcry ;" which Ur. 
Cidlier ndoplB in the sooond edition ot bis 3hake$peare, prononneiog the tM 
rending to be " almost nonaense." Bat compare, in The Fir»t Part of King 
Ilennj VI. act iv. bo. 1, 

" PresnmptooOB TasEals, are yon not asham'd 
With tl^ immodest olamorona outrdge 
To trouble and disturb the king and us t" 
nnd, inaph^written long after Shakeapesre's days, Settle's FrmnfePrdaf^, 
Ac. I6B0, p. 30, 

" fiUeiKe hU outrage in a jayl, awa; with him I" 






FiBSi printed in tlie folio of 1638.— At Trhat date It wu written we euinot 
aicertBin; probablf abont 1610, to wMoh jearMolone usigna it. — "The 
atoi; of the Hisanthtope ia told in almost ereiy collection of the time, and 
partienlai'l; in two books with which ShalcsBpeara was intimately Boqnaiiitad ; 
Tke Palace ofFleatart [by Fainter,— see the Twentj-ElghUt Norel of ToL i„ 
— "Of the itraunge and beattlU itatur; ofTimon of Athtnt, aumit to mon- 
kinde. Kith hit death, burialt, and epitaphe"] , and the English Plntateh 
[Norih'B traoBlation,— Bee the life of Anton;] . Indeed, from a paaeage in 
an old play called Jack Drum'a Ealertainmmt, I conjectiiTe that he had 
before made his appearance on the stage. " Fabubb. " The paauge in Jack 
Drum't Entertainrnent, or Patquil and Kallterine, 1601, ia this ; 

' Come [, oome, now] I'll be as aociable aa Timon of A thou' [aig. B 4] : 
hnt the allnsion ia ao slight, that it might as well have been borrowed tram 
Plntaroh or the novel- " Bteetbhr. " There is a Ma. ccmedy now extant, on 
the anbject ol Timon, which, from the hand-writing and the style, appears 
to be of the age of Shakeapeare. In thia piooe a steward is introdooed, 
nnder the name of Lochei, who, like Flaiiaa in that of out anthor, endea- 
vours to restrain hia master's profusion, and faithfully attends him when he 
ia forsaken by all his other followera. Here too a mock-banqaet is given 
by Timon to hia false friends; bnt, instead of warm water, stones painted 
like artichokes are lerred ap, which he throws at his gnests. From a line 
in Siiakeapeaie's play [the last line of act iii.] one might be tempted to 
think that sometbiog of this sort was introdooed by him ; thongh, through 
the omiasion td a marginal direction in the only ancient copy of ttiis piece, 
it bas not been eoatomary to exhibit it ; 
' 2d Senator. Lord Timon's mad. 
3d Sea. I feel 't npon my bones. 

it\ Sett. One day he gives as diamonds, next day ttonca.' 
[On which passage Bteevens notes ; " Aa Timon has thrown nothing at his 
worthleaa gaesta except warm water and empty dishes, I am indnced, with 
Mr. Malone, to brieve that the more ancient drama Iiad been read by onr 
anthor, and that he snpposed be had introduced from it the ' painted $t<ma' 
as part of his banquet; thon^ In reality be bad omitted them. The pre- 
sent mention therctore of sodh missiles appears to want proprielj;."^] This 
comedy (which ia evidently the prodncUon of a scholar, many lines of Oreefc 
b^g introdnced into it) appears to have been written after Ben Jonson's 

* IM6. " It hafl boon InfnYcd ft^m iho mantJon ttt atann In tlUs Hue [' Ona dAj ha 
llva ■» dlMDOndi. nrn day imiki'] Uiat Sbakupgare va> not nnaaqnaliited vith tlw old 
Aoatenla drama noticed fa tbo iDfmdaotSon, whera 'palntrd nlon«* form |Mrt of the 
bangnat; taut tba eraonaf ■ fseUn band tban hia ara » evldEnt and ao fraqsent In tlu 
pRamt pUf , Uiat we think, with Hr. Knight, tha dlnlogoo which oondnda thl* aotwaa 
prohablf a portion of tfaa old plna, which, meait and Impninl b; Miskcainre, fonu tlv 
Ingedy bdoreiu. Vhsi, In remoddUag tba (tago-tnilneia, he cinKd tba fcait toeooaM 
of warm water in Uni ol nonea, ha partial neglected to cancel the Una absTe," BTAOiiTOK. 



Kvery Hart out of hit Humour (1599), lo vtidi it contains n reteronco ; bnt 
I liare not diseorerod the predae Ume when it was compoaed. If it were 
Moertainad, it might be some guide to ob in fixing the date of oar author's 
Tlmoit of Athetu, which, on the gntonda that have been alnad:^ stated, I 
mippoee to have been posterior to this anonTmonH play." Hai.ose, Life of 
Shaketpeare, p. 466. The same writer {Prelim. Remark) lo Ttmon ofAthent) 
obaerreB, that in the pla; jnat deecribed Shakespeare slso found " the Btorj- 
ot Timim's being posseised of great gnms of gold which he had dng np in 
the woods ; a mienmstance whioh he could not have had from Lndan, there 
being then no tranalation of the dialogne that relates to this subject." — The 
Ms. of the anoQTinonH Tititon hafing fallen into m; poesesdoD, it was printed 
for the Shakespeare Soeletj in 1643. That onr poet had aaj ftcqnaintance 
with it, I mnch donht ; for it eertainly was never performed in London, — 
being a drama intended solely tor the amnaement of an aoademic andienoe. 

Bnt that there was loint old drama now lost, of which Shakespeare made 
use for this tragedy, and of which not a few fawses may be fonnd in it, is, 
I think, snfBciently manifest, thoQ^ Coleridge, speaking of onr anther's 
play in his Leotnros, declared that " he saw the same rigorone hand si work 



TiuoR, a noble AthenUn. 

Ldcids, \ 
Lucou-ns, [ ' 


Vbhttskts, one of Tinon's bJ«e friends. 
Alcibusib, mQ Athenuui general. 
AruusTUB, A chnriiih philoBopher. 
FUTiDB, Btevard to Timon. 
Poet, Painter, Jeweller, and Merohant. 
An old Athenian. 


LuciLive, [ aervants to Timon. 
Skbtiuub, ' 

Fhiloios, I 

TnvB, V eerTant« to Timon's orediton. 

HoBTmeicB, I 

And othsn, / 

A Page. A Fool. Three Strangera. 

TnuxpBA, i 

\ miatreBBes to AldUadea. 

Cnpid and Amazons in the masqae. 
Other Iiords, Senators, Offioers, SoldierB, Banditti, aod Attendante. 
ScSHi — Athtru and the woodt attaining. 

* " OvAii DUf U OipH." Wtlkcr'a Oil. Exam. tsc. toL U. p. II. 



ScBHS! I. Athens. A hall in Tqion's liouse. 
EaierPotit, Fainter, Jeweller, Merchant, and othen, at eeveral doors. 

Poet. Good day, bit. 

Pain. I am glad you're well. 

Poet. I have not seen yon long : how goes tlie world? 

Pain. It wears, sir, as it grows. 

Poet. Ay, that's well known : 

Bat what particolar rari^? what strange. 
Which manifold record Dot matches ? See, 
Magic of bounty ! all these spirits thy power 
Hath conjar'd to attend. I know the merchant. 

Pain. I know them both ; th' other's a jeweller. 

Mer. O, 'tis a worthy lord. 

Jeic. Nay, that's most fi&'d. 

Mer, A moat incomparable man ; breath'd, as it were, 
To an nntiiable and cootinaate goodness : 
He passes. 

Jew. I have a jewel here^ 

Mer. 0, pray, let'a aee't : for the Lord Timon, sir ? 

Jew. If he will tonoh the estimate : bat, for that — 

Poet, [reading from his poem] "When wa for recompense 
have praie'd the Tile, 
It Btains the glory in that happy Terae 
Which aptly ainga the good." 

Mer. 'Tis a good form. [Looking at the jeivel. 

Jew. And rich : here is a water, look ye. 


e08 TIUON OF ATHENS. [hct i. 

Pain. Yoa're rapt, eir, in some work, some dedication 
To the great lord. 

Poet. A thing elipp'd idly ttom me. 

Oor poeej is as a gam, which oozes'" 
From whence 'tis nonrish'd : the fire i' the flint 
Shows not till it be etrnck; oor gentle flame 
Provokes itself, and, like the cnrrent, flies 
Each bound it chafes.'^' — What have yon there ? 

Pain, A pictnre, sir. — When comes your book forth ? 

Poet. Upon the heels of my presentment, sir. — 
Let's see yonr piece. 

Pain. Tis a good piece. 

Poet. So 'tis : this comes off well and excellent. 

Pain. Indifferent. 

Poet. Admirable : how this grace 

Speaks hia own standing 1 what a mental power 
This eye shoots forth 1 how big imagination 
Mores in this lip 1 to the dambaess of the gesture 
One might interpret. 

Pain. It is a pretty mocking of the life. 
Hero is a touch ; is't good ? 

Poet. I will say of it, 

It tutors nature : artificial strife 
Lives in these touches, livelier than life. 

Enter ceiiain Senators, an'l jpags over. 

Pain. How this lord is follow'd ! 

Poet. The senators of Athens : — happy man !'" 

Pain. Look, more ! 

Poet. You see this conflaence, this great flood of visitors- 
I have, in this rough work, shap'd out a man. 
Whom this beneath-world doth embrace and hug 
With amplest entertainment : my free drift 
Halts not particularly, but moves itself 
In a wide sea of wax :'^ no levell'd malice 
Infects one comma in the course I hold ; 
Bat flies an eagle flight, bold, and forth on, 
Leaving no track behind. 

Pain. How shall I nnderatand you ? 

Poet. I'll unbolt to you. 



YoQ see how all conditions, bow all minds — 

Ab well of glib and Blippery creatnres as 

Of graTe and austere quality — tender down 

Tbeir serricea to Lord Timon : bis large fortane. 

Upon his good and gracions nature hanging, 

Subdues and properties to his love and tendance 

All sorts of hearts ; yea, from the glass-fao'd flatterer 

To ApemtiiituB, that few things loves better 

Than to abhor himself : even he drops down 

The knee before him, and retnrns in peace 

Most rich in Timon's nod. 

Pain. I saw them speak together. 

Poet. Sir, 
I bare upon a high and pleasant hill 
Feign'd Fortune to be thron'd : the base o' the mount 
Is rank'd with all deserts, all kind of natures. 
That labour on the bosom of this sphere 
To propagate their states : amongst them all. 
Whose eyes are on this soTereign lady fiz'd. 
One do I personate of Lord Timoa's &ame. 
Whom Fortune with her iyory hand wafts to her : 
Whose present grace to present slaves and servants 
Translates bis rivals.'" 

Pain. 'Tis conceiv'd to scope. 

This throne, this Fortune, and this hill, methink?, 
With one man beckon'd from the rest below, 
Bowing his head agaiast the steepy mount 
To climb his happiness, would bo well express'd 
In onr condition. 

Poet. Niiy, air, but hear me on. 

All those which wcro bis fellows hot of late, — 
Some better than bis value, — on the moment 
Follow bis strides, Iiis lobbies fill with tendance. 
Bain sacrificial whisperings in his ear. 
Make sacred even his stirrup, and through him 
Drink the free air. 

Paiii. Ay, marry, what of these ? 

Poet. When Fortune, in her shift and chaogo of mood, 
Spuma dawn her late holov'd, all his dependants, 
Mliich laboQr'd aftor him to the mountain's top. 



Even on their knees and bands, let him slip down/** 
Not one accompanying his declining foot. 

Pain. 'Tis common : 
A thoQsand moral paintings I can show. 
That shall demonstrate these qnick blows of Fortune's*'' 
More pregnantly than words. Yet 70a do well 
To show Lord Timon that mean eyes hare seen 
The foot above the head. 

Tmmpets ttmnti. Enter TiuoN, attended; a Servant o/Ventidiub 
tqJking with him ; Lccilius mid oilier Attendants follmoing. 

Tim. Imprison 'd is he, say yon ? 

Ven. Serv. Ay, my good lord ; five talents is his debt ; 
His means most short, his creditors most strait : 
Your honourable letter he desires 
To those have ahnt him np ; which foiling him*"* 
Periods his comfort. 

Tivi. Noble Ventidins !— WeU ; 

I am not of that feather to shake off 
My friend when he most needs me.**' I do know him 
A gentleman that well deserves a help, — 
Which he shall have : I'll pay the debt, and free him. 

Ven. Serv. Yonr lordship ever binds him. 

Tim. Commend me to him : I will send his ransom ; 
And, being enfranchis'd, bid him come to me : — 
'Tis not enough to help the feeble op. 
But to support him after. — Fare yon well. 

Ven. Serr. All happiness to yonr hononr ! {^Exit. 

Eitier an oil Athenian. 

Old Ath. Lord Timon, hear me speak. 

Tim. Freely, good father. 

Old Atii. Thon hast a servant nam'd Lncilins. 

Tim. I have so : what of him ? 

Old Atk. Most noble Timon, call the man before thee. 

rim. Attends he here, or no ?— Lucilius ! 

Luc. [comintj fortpard] Here, at yonr lordship's service. 

Old Ath. This fellow here, Lord Timon, this thy creature. 
By night ^equents my house. I am a man 
That from my first have been inclin'd to thrift; 


wxn I.] TIUOH OF ATHENS. oil 

And my estate deserves an heir more raia'd 
Than one wHch holds a trencher. 

rim. Well ; what farther ? 

Old Ath. One only danghter have I, no kin else, 
On whom I may confer what I have got : 
The moid is fair, o' the yoasgest for a hride, 
And I have bred her at my dearest cost 
In qualities of the best. This man of thine 
Attempts her love : I prithee, noble lord. 
Join with me to forbid him her resort ; 
Myself have spoke in vain. 

Tim. The man is honest. 

Old Ath. Therefbre he will be,"" Timon : 
His honesty rewards him in itself; 
It most not bear my daughter. 

rim. Does she love him ? 

Old Ath. She is yomig and apt: 
Oqt own precedent passions do instmct as 
What levity's in yonth. 

Tim, [to iMcUitu] Love yoa the maid ? 

Luc. Ay, my good lord ; and she accepts of it. 

Old Ath. If in her marriage my consent be missing, 
I call the gods to vritness, I will choose 
Mine heir &om forth the beggars of the world. 
And dispoBBess her all. 

Tim. How shall she be endow'd,"" 

If she be mated with an equal hoaband ? 

Old Ath. Three talents on the present ; in fatare, all. 

Tim. This gentleman of mine hath serv'd me long : 
To build his fortune I will strain a little. 
For 'tis a bond in men. Give him thy daughter : 
What yon bestow, in him V\l connterpoise. 
And make him weigh with her. 

Old Ath. Most noble lord, 

Pavm me to ttiis your hononr, she is his. 

Tim. My hand to thee ; mine honour on my promise. 

Luc. Hombly I thank yonr lordship : never may 
That stote or fortune fall into my keeping. 
Which is not ow'd to yon t 

[ExeiiTit Lucilitia and OUl Athenian, 


C12 TmOK OF ATHENS. [un i. 

Poet. [j>resentiiiff hit poevi] Vouchsafe my labour, and 
long live your lordship ! 

Tim. I thank yon ; yon Bhall hear from me anon : 
iio not away. — What haye yon there, my friead ? 

Pain, [^pretenting hit painting] A piece of painting, wbicli 
I do beseech 
Yoar lordship to accept. 

Tim. Painting is welcome. 

The painting is almost the natural man ; 
For since dishonour trafGcs with man's natnre. 
He is but ontsido : these penciU'd fignres ate 
Even sach as they give oat. I like yoar work ; 
And yon shall find I like it : wait attendance 
Till yoo bear further from me. 

Pain. The gods preserve ye ! 

Tim. Well fare you, gentleman : gire me your hand ; 
We must needs dino together. — Sir, your jewel 
Hath snfier'd under praise. 

Jew. What, my lord ! dispraise ? 

Tim. A mere satiety of commeodations. 
If I should pay you for't as 'tis extoll'd, 
It would anclew mo quite. 

Jew. My lord, 'tia rated 

As those which sell would giTe : but you well know. 
Things of like ralnc, differing in the owners, 
Are priztid by their masters : bolieye 't, dear lord. 
Yon mend the jewel by the wearing it. 

Tim. Well mock'd. 

Mcr. No, my good lord; he speaks the common tongue. 
■\Vhich all men speak with him, 

Tim. Look, who comes here : 

Will yon be chid? 

Jiii/er Apemantus. 

./<■«-. We'll bear, with"** your lordship. 

Mer. He'll spare none. 

Tim. Good morrow to tbec, gentle Apemantns. 

Apem. Till I bo gentle, stay thou for thy good morrow ; 
When thou art Timon's dog, nod these knaves honest. 

Tim. Why dost thou call them knaves? thou know'st them 


acnn t.] TIMON OF ATHENS. 5ia 

Apem. Are the; not Athenians 9 

Tim. Yes. 

Apem. Then I repent not. 

Jew. Yon know me, Apemantos? 

Apem. Tbon know'st I do; I o&ll'd thee by thy name. 

Tim. Thon art proud, ApemantOB. 

Apem. Of nothing bo much as that I am not like Timon. 

Tim. Whither art going ? 

Apem. To knock oat an honeat Athenian's brains. 

rim. That's a deed thon'lt die for. 

Apem. Bight, if doing nothing be death by the law. 

Tim. How likest tboa this pictore, Apemantas? 

Apem. The best, for the innocence. 

Tim. Wrought he not well that painted it ? 

Apem. He wrought better that made the painter ; and yet 
he's bnt a filthy piece of work. 

Pain. Yon're a dog. 

Apem. Thy mother's of my generation : what's she, if I 
be a dog ? 

Tim. Wilt dine with me, Apemantns ? 

Apem. No ; I eat not lords. 

Tim. An thoa shouldst, thoa'dst anger ladies. 

Apem. 0, they eat lords ; so they come by great bellies. 

Tim. That's a lascivionB apprehension. 

Apem, So tboa apprehendest it : take it for thy labour. 

Tim. How dost thou like this jewel, Apemantus? 

Apem. Not bo well as plain- dealing, which will not cost*"* 
a man a doit. 

rim. What dost thou think 'tis worth ? 

Apem. Not worth my thinking. — How now, poet ! 

Poet. How now, philoBOpher 1 

Apem. Thoa liest. 

Poet. Art not one ? 

Apem. YeB. 

Poet. Then I lie not. 

Apem. Art not a poet? 

Poet. Yes. 

Apem. Then thoa liest : look in thy last work, where thou 
bast feigned him a worthy fellow. 

Poet. That's not feigned, — ^he is so. 




Apem. Yes, he is worthy of thee, and to pay thee for thy 
labour : he that Iotos to he flattered is worthy o' the flatterer. 
HeaTens, that I were a lord ! 

Tim. What wouldst do then, Apemantna ? 

Aptm. E'en ae Apemantns does now, — hate a lord wlUi 
my heart. 

Tim. What, thyself? 

Apem. Ay. 

Tim. Wherefore? 

Apem. That I had no angry wit to be a lord.^**— Art not 
thoa a merchant ? 

Mer. Ay, Apemantna. 

Apem. Traffic confonnd thee, if the gods will not 1 

Mer. If traf&o do it, the gods do it. 

Apem. Traffic's thy god ; and thy god confound thee! 
Trumpet tounds within. Enter a Servant. 

Tim. What trumpet's that ? 

Serv. 'Tis Alcibiades, and some twenty horse. 
All of companionship. 

Tim. Pray, entertain them ; give them guide to us. — 

{Exeunt some Attendants. 
Yon must needs dine with me : — go not you hence 
Till I haTe thank'd yon ; — yon, when dinner's done,"" 
Show me this piece : — I'm joyful of your sights. 

Enter Alcibiadeb and hU Company, teith Attendants 
Most welcome, sir I \Tkey salute. 

Apem. So, so, there ! — 

Ach&s°^ contract and starve yonr supple joints! — 
That there should be small love 'mongst these sweet knaves. 
And all this conrt'sy ! The strun of man 's bred ont 
Into baboon and monkey. 

Alcih. Sir, yoa have sav'd my longing, and I feed 
Most hungerly on your sight. 

Tim. Right welcome, sir! 

Ere we depart, we'll share a bounteous time 
In different pleasurea. Fray you, let as in. 

[Exeunt all except Apemanhu. 
Enter tieo Lords. 

Fir»t Lord. What time o' day is't, Apema&tns ? 



Apem. Time to be honest;. 

Firtt Lord. That time seires etil!, 

Apem. The more'"* accareed thon, that still omitt'st it. 

See. Lord. Thoa art going to Lord Timon's feast ? 

Apem. Ay, to see meat fill knares, and wine heat fools. 

Sec. Lord. Fare thee well, fare thee well. 

Apem. Thou art a fool to bid me farewell twice. 

Sec. Lord. Why, Apemantns? 

Apem. Shonldst have kept one to thyself, for I mean to 
give thee none. 

Firtt Lord. Hang thyself 1 

Apem. No, I will do nothing at thy bidding : make thy 
reqaeats to ihj friend. 

Sec. Lord. Away, nnpeaceable dog, or I'll epum ihee 

Apem. 1 will 6j, like a dog, the heels o' the ass. [Exit, 

First Lord. He's opposite to homanity. — Come, shall we 
And taste Lord Timon's bonnty 7 he oatgoes 
The very heart of kindness. 

Sec. Lord. He pours it out ; Plutns, the god of gold. 
Is but his steward : no meed bnt he repays 
Sevenfold above itself; no gift to him 
Bat breeds the giver a return exceeding 
All use of quittance. 

First Lord. The noblest mind he carries 

That ever govem'd man. 

Sec. Lord. Long may be live 

In fortanes ! — Shall we in ? 

First Lord.""* I'll keep you company. [Exeunt. 

SCEHB n. The tame. A room qfstaU in Timoh'b liovse. 

Ilamthoya playing loud music. A great ban^utt teroediii ; FiAViott 
and others attending; then enter Ti)i0M,<**' Alcibudes, Lords, 
Senators, and Ventidius. l^ieneomei, dropping after all, Ars- 
UIITQS, ditconteniedli/. 
Yen. Most bonoar'd Timon, 


516 TIMOH OF ATHENS. . [act i_ 

It hath pleas'd the gods to remember my father's age. 

And call him to loDg peace.'^ , 

He is gone happy, and has left me rich : 

Then, as in grateful virtae I am bonnd 

To your &ee heart, I do retnm those talents, 

Doabled with thanks and service, &om whose help 

I deriv'd liberty. 

Tim. O, by no means. 

Honest Yentidins ; yon mistake my love : 
I gave it &eely ever ; and there's none 
Can tmly say he gives, if he receives : 
If oar betters'*'^ play at that game, we mnat not dare 
To imitate them ; faults that are rich are fair. 

Ven. A noble spirit ! 

[The;/ ali stand ceremoniously looking on Timon. 

Tim. Nay, my lords, ceremony 

Was bat devis'd at first 

To set a gloss on faint deeds, hollow welcomes, 
Becanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shown ; 
Bat where there is trae Mendship, there needs none. 
Pray, sit ; more welcome are ye to my fortanes 
Thau my fbrtnnes to me. [They tit. 

First Lord. My lord, we always have confess'd it. 

Apem. Ho, ho, confess'd it ! hang'd it, have yon not ? 

Tim, O, Apemontns, — yoa are welcome. 

Apem. No ; 

Yon shall not make me welcome : 
I come to have thee thrust me ont of doors. 

Tim. Fie, thon'rt a chnil; yon've got a hnmoor ^ere 
Does not become a man ; 'tis mnch to blame. — 
They say, my lords, Ira furor brevis est; 
Bat yond man is eyer**" angry. — 
Op, let him have a table by himself; 
For he does neither affect company. 
Nor is he fit for it, indeed. 

Apem. Let me stay at thine apperil, Timon : 
I come to observe ; I give thee warning on't. 

Tim. I take no heed of thee ; thon'rt an Athenian, there- 
fore welcome : I myself would have no power; prithee, let my 
meat make thee silent. 



Apem. I Bcorn thy meat j"** 'twould choke me, for I shoold 
ne'er flatter thee. — yon gods, what a number of men eat 
Timon, and he sees 'em not ! It grieves me to see 
So man; dip tiieir meat in one man's blood ; 
And all the madneas is, he cheem them up too.**^ 
I wonder men dare trast themselves with men : 
Metbinks they shonld invite them witboat knives; 
Good for their meat, and safer for their lives. 
There's mnch example for't ; the fellow that sits next him 
now, parts bread with him, pledges"^ tbe breath of him in a 
divided dranght, is the readiest man to kill bim : 't has been 
proved. If I 

Were a bnge man, I shonld**^' fear to drink at meals ; 
Lest they sboald spy my windpipe's dangerous notes : 
Great men shonld drink with harness on their throats. 

Tim. [to a Loid who drinliS to him] My lord, in heart ; 
and let the health go ronnd. 

See. Lord. Let it flow this way, my good lord. 

Apem. Flow this way !'"' A brave fellow ! he keeps bis 
tides well. — Those healths will make thee and thy state look 
ill, Timon.— 

Here's that which is too weak to be a sinner,'*^ 
Honest water, which ne'er left man i' the mire ; 
This and my food are equals ; there's no odds : 
Feasts are too proud to give thanks to the gods. 

Apemanlm' grace. 

Immortal goda, I crave no pelf; 

I pray for no man but royaelf : 

Grant I may never prove so fond, 

To truBt man on his oath or bond ; 

Or a harlot, for her weeping ; 

Or a dog, that sceme a-sleeping ; 

Or a keeper with my foeedom ; 

Or my friendB, if I should need 'em. 

Amen, So fall to 't : 

Eich men ain, and I eat root. [Eata and drinks, 

Mueh good dicb**" thy good heart, Apemantns ! 

Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart's in the field now. 
Alcib. My heart is ever at yoor service, my lord. 


CIS TmON OF ATHENS. [icr i. 

Tim. Yoa haA rather be at a breakfast of enemies tban a 
dinner of friende. 

Aleib. So tbey were bleeding-new, my lord, tbere'a no meat 
like 'em : I could wisb my best friend at snch a feast. 

Apem- Would all those flatterers irere thine enemies, then, 
that thou'*" mightst kill 'em, and bid ma to 'em ! 

First Lord. Might wa bnt have that happiness, my lord, 
that yon would once ase oar hearts, whereby we might ex- 
press some part of our zeals, we should think ouTBelveB for 
erer perfect. 

Tim. O, no doubt, my good friends, bat the gods them- 
selves have provided that I shall have much help from yon : 
how had yon been my friends else ? why have you that cha- 
ritable title from thoasands, did not you chiefly belong to my 
heart? I have told more of you to myself than yon can 
with modesty speak in your own behalf; and thas far I con- 
firm yoo. yon gods, think I, what need we have any 
friends, if we should ne'er have need of 'era ? they were the 
most needless creatures living, should we ne'er have use for 
*em; and would most i-esemble sweet instruments'^" hangup 
in cases, that keep their sounds to themselves. Why, I hare 
often wished myself poorer, that I might come nearer to 
you. We are bom to do benefits : and what better or pro- 
perer can we call oar own than th*c riches of our friends ? 0, 
what a precious comfort 'tis, to have so many, like brotiiers, 
commanding one another's fortunes ! joy,"^ e'en made 
away ere 't can be born ! Mine eyes cannot hold out water, 
methinks : to forget their faults, I drink to you. 

Apem. Thon weepest to make them drink, Timon. 

Sec. Lord. Joy had the like conception in oar eyes, 
And, at that instant, like a babe sprung up. 

Apem. Ho, ho ! I laugh to think that babe a bastard. 

Third Lord. I promise you, my lord, you mor'd me mach. 

Apem. Much ! [Tvcket smmde^ icifhin. 

Tim. What means Uiat trump? 

Enier a Servant 

How now ! 
Serv. Please you, my lord, there are certain ladies most 
desirous of admittance. 


Kaxx iLj TIMOH OF ATHEKS. 619 

Tim. Iiodies ! what ore their wUIb 7 
Serv. There comes with them a forertmner, my lord, vhich 
bears that office, to signify their pleasm^s. 
Tim. I pray, let them be admitted. 

E/tier Cdpid, 
Cup. Hail to thee, worthy"*" Timoa ; — and to all 
That of hie boimtiea taste ! — The five best senses 
Acknowledge thee their patron ; and come freely 
To gratolate thy plenteous bosom :"" 
Th' ear, taste, touch, smell, pleaa'd from thy table rise ; — 
These only now come but to feast thine eyes."" 

Tim. They're welcome all; let 'em have kind admit- 
tance: — 
Mnsic, make their welcome !'"'' [JSa^ii Cupid. 

First Lord.'"' Yon see, my lord, how ample yon're be- 

Music. Se-enter Cupid, tsiih a Mastpie o/Ladies as Amaxous teith 
lutea in tlteir handt, dancing and pfaijing. 
Apem. Hoy-day, what a sweep of vanity comes this way ! 
They dance ! they are mad women. 
Like madness is the glory of this Ufe, 
As this pomp shows to a Uttle oil and root.'°^ 
We make ourselves fools, to disport ourselves ; 
And spend onr flatteries, to drink those men. 
Upon whose age we void it np agen. 
With poisonoos spite and envy. 
Who lives, that's not deprav&d or depraves ? 
Who dies, that bears not one spurn to their graves 
Of their friends* gift ?»" 
I shonld fear those that dance before me now 
Woold one day stamp upon me : 't has been done ; 
Men shot their doors against a setting son. 

Z^t Lords rite from table, with niiicA adorijigof7iuoii;aniltoa!iow 
their loves, each singlet out an Amazon, and all dunce; men Kith 
vxfmen, a lofty strain or two to the liauthoijs, and eeasf, 

Tim. Yon have done oar pleasures mnch grace, fair la- 



Set a fair fashion on ova eutertainment, 
Which was not half so heantifiil and kind ; 
YonWe added worth onto 't and lively**" lustre, 
And entertain 'd me with mine own device ; 
I am to thank yon for 't. 

First Lady}**^ My lord, you take ns even at the hest. 

Apem. FalUi, for the worst is filthy ; and woold not h<M. 
taking, I donbt me. 

Tim. Ladies, there is an idle banqnet attends yon : 
Please yon to dispose yoorselves. 

AU Lad. Most thankfolly, my lord. 

lExevnt Cupid and Ladies, 

Tim. Flavins, — 

Flat;. My lord ? 

Tim. The little casket bring me hither. 

Flav. Yes, my lord. — [^sidc] More jewels yet! 
There is no crossing him in 's hnmonr ; 
Else I should tell him,— well, i' faith, I should,— "» 
When all's spent, he'd he cross'd then, an he could. 
'Tis pity bounty had not eyes behind, 
That man might ne'er be wretched for his mind. [Exit. 

Fint Lord. Where be oar men ? 

Serv. Here, my lord, in readiness. 

See. Lord. Our horses ! 

Be-enter Flaviob mth the casket. 

Tim. my friends, 

I've one word to say to you : — look you, my good lord, 
I mast entreat you, honour me so much 
As to advance this jewel ; accept and wear it,'** 
Kind my lord. 

First Lord. I am so far already in your gifts, — 

All. So are we all. 

Enter a Servant. 

Serv. My lord, there are certain nobles of the senate 
Newly alighted, and come to visit you. 

Tim. They're fairly welcome. 

Flav. I beseech your honour, 

Vouchsafe me a word ; it does coiieern you near. 



Tint. Near ! why, then, another time I'll hear thee : 
I prithee, 
Let's be provided to ehow them entertainment. 

Flav. [aside] I scarce know how. 

JEnter a second Servant. 

Sec. Sen. May it please your honour, Lord Lncine, 
-Out of his free love, hath presented to yoa 
Four milk-white horses, trapp'd in silver. 

Tim. I shall accept them fairly : let the presents 
Be worthily entertain'd. 

E/tter a third Servant 

How now ! what news ? 

Third Serv. Please you, my lord, that honourable gentle- 
man, Lord Lncallns, entrees your company to-morrow to 
hunt with him ; and has sent your honour two brace of grey- 

rim. I'll hunt with him ; and let them be receiv'd. 
Not without fair reward. 

Flav. {aside'] What will this come to ? 

Be commands as to provide, and give great gifts, 
And all out of an empty coffer : 
Nor will he know his purse ; or yield me this, 
To show him what a beggar his heart is, 
Being of no power to make his wishes good : 
His promises fly so beyond his state. 
That what he speaks is all in debt ; he owes 
For every word : he 's so kind, that he now 
Pays interest for 't ; his land 's put to their books. 
Well, would I were gently put out of oflSce, 
Before I were -forc'd out ! 
Happier is he that has no friend to feed 
Than such that do e'en enemies exceed. 
I bleed inwardly for my lord. [Exit. 

Tim. Yon do yourselves 

Much wrong, you bate too much of your own merits : — 
Here, my lord, a trifle of our love. 

Sec. Lord. With more than common thanks I will re- 
ceive it. 


622 -rmON OF ATHENS. [toi i. 

Third Lord. 0, he's the \ery Bonl of botmty ! 

rim. And now I remember,^*" mj lord, jou gave 
Good words the other day of a bay courser 
I rode on : it is yoara, becaaae yon lik'd it. 

First Lord. 0, I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, 
In that. 

rim. Yoa may take my word, my lord ; I know, no man 
Can justly praise but what he does affect : 
I weigh my friend's affection with mine own ; 
ril tell you true. — I'll call to you.'*® 

All Lords. 0, none so welcome. 

Tim, I take all and your several Tiaitations 
So kind to heart, 'tis not enough to give ; 
Methinks, I could deal kingdoms to my friends, 
And ne'er be weary. — Alcibiades, 
Thou art a soldier, therefore seldom rich ; 
It comes ia charity to thee : for all thy living 
Is 'mongst the dead ; and all the lands thou hast 
Lie in a pitcb'd field. 

Alcib. Ay, defil'd land,"" my lord. 

First Lord. We are ho virtuously bound — 

Tim. And so 

Am I to you. 

Sec. Lord. So infinitely endear'd — ■ 

rim. All to yoo. — Lights, more lights ! 

First Lord. The beet of happiness. 

Honour, and fortunes,'^ keep with yon. Lord Timon I 

Tim. Ready for his friends. 

l_Exeunt aU except Apemantus and TimoR. 

A2>em. What a coil 's here ! 

Serving of becks, and juttiug-out of bums ! 
I doubt whether their legs be worth the sums 
That aie given for 'em. Friendship's full of dregs : 
Methinks, false hearts should never have sound legs. 
Thus honest fools lay out their wealth on court'eies. 

Tim. Now, Apemantus, if thou wert not sullen, 
I woitld be good to thee. 

Ajiem. No, I'll nothing; for if I should be bribed too, 
there would be none left to rail upon thee ; and then thou 
wouldet sin the faster. Thoa givest so long, Timon, I fear 



me thoD wilt give away thjrself in paper sliortly :**^' what need 
these feaetB, pompB, and Tain-glories ? 

Tim. Nay, an yon begio to rail on society once, I am 
Bwom not to give regard to yoa. Farewell ; and come witb 
better music. [Exit. 

Apem. So ; tboa wilt not tear me dow, — 
Thoa Bhalt not then, I'll lock thy heaven from thee. — 
O that men's ears shonld be*"^ 
To counsel deaf, bat not to flattery [ [^Exit. 

Scene I. Athens. A room in a Senator's houte. 
Enter a Senator, witli paperg in his Jiand. 
Sen. And late, five thoueond ; — to Yarro and to Isidore 
He owes nine thousand ; — besides mj former sum, 
Whicli makes it five-and-twenty. — Still in motion 
Of raging waste? It cannot hold ; it will not. 
Id want gold, steal but a beggar's dog, 
And give it Timon, why, the dog coins gold : 
If I wonld sell my horse, and buy ten more 
Better than be, why, give my horse to Timon, 
Ask nothing, give it him, it foals me straight 
Ten able horses :**" no porter at his gate ; 
But rather one that smiles, and still invites 
All that pass by. It cannot hold ; no reason 
Can found his state in safety.'*'* — Caphis, ho t 
Caphis, I say ! 

Ihiier CAvma. 

Caph. Here, sir ; what is your pleasure ? 

Sen. Get on yoar cloak, and haste you to Lord Timon ; 
Impdrtnne him for my moneys ; be not oeas'd 
With slight denial ; nor then ailenc'd when — 
" Commend me to your master" — and the cap 
Plays in the right hand, thus : — but tell him, sirrah,^'* 


524 TIHON OF ATHEKS. (icin. 

My nsee cry to me, I must serve my tarn 
Oat of mine own ; his dtiys and times are past. 
And my relitmceB on bis fracted dates 
Have smit my credit : I love and hononr him ; 
Bnt must not break my back to heal his finger : 
Immediate are my needs ; and my relief 
Mnet not be toss'd and toru'd to me in words, 
Sat find snpply immediate. Get yoa gone : 
Pat on a most importnnste asp^, 
A vieage of demand ; for, I do fear, 
When eveiy feather sticks in his ovn wing, 
Lord Timon will be left a naked gall, 
Which flashes now a phcsnix. Q-et yoa gone. 

Caph. I go, sir. 

Sen. Take the bonds along with yon, 

And bare the dates in compt.'**' 

Caph. I will, sir. 

Sen. Go. [Exeunt. 

Scene II. The tame. A kaU in Tnros's haute. 
Enter FLivius, teitk many bOla in hU hand. 
Flav. No care, no stop ! ho senseless of expense, 
That he will neitiier know how to maintain it, 
Nor cease his flow of riot : takes no aceonnt 
How things go from Mm ; nor resames no care 
Of what is to continae : never mind 
Was to be so nnwise, to be so kind.**" 
What shall be done ? he will not hear, till feel : 
I must be round with him, now he comes from banting. 
Fie, fie, fie, fie ! 

EnUr CAPma, and tJie Servants of Ibisobe and Vabbo/'*' 
Caph. Good even, Varro : what, 

Yon come for money? 

Var. Serv. Is't not your business too 9 

Caph. It is : — and yours too, Isidore ? 

Isid. Serr. It is so. 



Caph. Would we were all discliarg'd t 

Va7; Serr. I fear it. 

Caph. Here comes the lord. 

Enter Tihok, Aloibiades, «nrf Lords, ^r. 

Tim. So soon as dinner's done we'll forth again. 
My Alcibiades. — With me ? what is yonr will ? 

Caph. My lord, here is a note of certain dnes. 

Tim. Dues ! Whence are yon ? 

Caph. Of Athens here, my lord. 

Tim. Qo to my steward. 

Caph. Please ityoar lordship, he hath pnt me off 
To the snccession of new days this month : 
Hy master is awak'd by great occasion 
To coll Dpon his own ; and hnmbly prays yon. 
That with yonr other noble parts you'll snit 
In giving him his right. 

Tim. Mine honest friend, 

I prithee, bat repair to me next morning. 

Caph. Nay, good my lord, — ■ 

Tim. Contain thyself, good friend. 

Var, Serv. One Varro's servant, my good lord, — 

Isid. Serv. From Isidore ; 

He hambly prays yoar speedy payment, — ^'* 

Caph. If yon did know, my lord, my master's wants, — - 

Var. Serv. 'Twas dae on forfeitare, my lord, six weeks 
And past, — 

Itid. Sen: Yonr steward pnts me off, my lord ; 
And I am sent expressly to yont lordship. 

Tim. Give me breath. — 
I do beseeoh yon, good my lords, keep on ; 
m WMt apon you instantly. [Exeunt Alcibiades and I^rds. 

[To Fiav.'] Come hither : pray yon. 
How goes the world, that I am thns enconnter'd 
With clamorons demands of date-broke bonda,"^ 
And the detention of long-aince-dne debts, 
Against my honour 9 

FUtv. Please yon, gentlemen, 

The time is unagreeable to this bnsiness : 
Your impoitunacy cease till after dinner ; 


S3B TmON OF ATHENS. [act u. 

That I may make hia lordship understand 
Wherefore you are not paid. 

Tim. Do BO, my friends. — 

See them well entertain'd. [£Jxi(. 

Flav. Pray,"" draw near. [Exit. 

Caph. Stay, Btay, here comes the fool wiih Apemontna : 
let's hft' some sport with 'em. 

Var. Serv. Hang him, he'll ahnse as. 

laid. Serv. A pUgne npon him, dog ! 

Enter Apeuantus and FooLf" 

Var. Sen. How dost, fool ? - 

Apem. Dost dialogue with thy shadow? 

Var. Serv. 1 speak not to thoe. 

Apem. Ko, 'tis to thyself. — [To the Foot] Gome away. 

laid. Serv. [to Var. Serv.'] There's the fool hangs on your 
back already. 

Apem, No, thon etand'st single, thou'rt not on him yet. 

Caph. 'Where's the fool now? 

Apem. He last asked the question.'"' — Poor rogues, and 
usnrers' men ! bawds between gold and want t 

All Serv. What are we, Apemantas ? 

Apem. Asses. 

AUServ. Why? 

Apem. That yon ask me what you are, and do not know 
yourselves. — Speak to 'em, fool. 

Fool. How do yon, gentlemen ? 

AU Serti. Gramercies, good fool ; how does yonr mis- 
tress ? 

Fool. She's e'en setting on water to scald snch chickens 
AS yoa are. Would we could see you at Corinth ! 

Apem. Good ! gramercy. 

Fool. Look you, here comes my mistress"*" page. 


Page, [to the Foot] Why, how now, captain! what do yoa 
in this wise company? — How dost thou, Apemantas? 

Apem. Would I had a rod in my month, that I might 
answer thee profitably! 



Page, Prithee, Apemantna, read me tlie Bnperacription of 
tlieae lettere : I know not which is which. 

Apem. Canst not read ? 

Page. No. 

Apem. There wiU little learning die, then, that day thon 
art hanged. This is to Lord Timon ; this to Alcibiadea. Go ; 
then wast born a bastard, and tbon'lt die a bawd. 

Page, Thon wast whelped a dog, and thon shalt (amish, a 
dog's death. Answer not, I am gone. 

Apem. E'en BO thon oatranneBt grace. [Exit Page,"} Fool, 
I will go with yon to Lord Timon's. 

Fool. Will yoa leave me there ? 

Apem. If Timon Btay at home. — Yon three Berre three 

AU Serv. Ay ; wonld they served na ! 

Apem. So wonld I, — as good a trick as ever hangman 
served thief. 

Fool. Are yoa three nsarers' men ? 

AU Serv. Ay, fool. 

Fool, I think no asTirer bat has a fool to his servant : 
my mistress is one, and I am her fool. When men come to 
borrow of yonr masters, they approach sadly, and go away 
merrily;"* bnt they enter my miBtresa'"*' house merrily, and 
go away sadly : the reujon of this ? 

Var. Serv. I oonld render one. 

Apem. Do it, then, that we may acconnt thee a whore- 
master and a knave ; which notwithstanding, thoa shalt be 
no lesB esteemed. 

Var. Serv. What is a whoremaster, fool ? 

Fool. A fool in good clothes, and something like thee. 
'Tib a spirit : sometime 't appears like a lord ; sometime like 
a lawyer ; sometime like a philosopher, with two stones more 
than 's artificial one : he is very often like a knight ; and, 
generally, in all shapes that man goes up and down in from 
fourscore to thirteen, this spirit walks in. 

Var. Serv, Thou art not altogether a fool. 

Fool. Nor thon altogether a wise man : as mnoh fbolery 
M I have, so mnch wit thon lackeat. 

Apem. That answer might have become Apemantos. 

All Serv. Aside, aside ; here comes Lord Timon. 



Re-tTiier Timon and Flatiub. 

Apem. Come witli me, fool, come. 

Fool. I do cot always follow lover, elder brother, and wo- 
man ; sometime the philosopher. 

\Exeunt Apemanhu and Fool. 

Flav. Fray yon, walk near: I'll speak with yon anon. 

[Exeunt Servants, 

Tim. Yon make me marvel: wherefore ere this time 
Had yon not folly laid my state before me ; 
That I might so have rated my expense 
As I had leave of means ? 

Flav, Yon wonld not hear me. 

At many leisares I propoa'd.'"** 

Tim. Go to: 

Perchance some single vantages yon took. 
When my indisposition pat yoa back ; ■ 
And that onaptaess made your minister,**^ 
Thus to excuse yonrself. 

Flav. my good lord, 

At many times I brought in my accounts. 
Laid them before you ; yoa wonld throw them off, 
And say, yoa foand them in mine honesty. 
When, for some trifling present, yon have bid me 
Betam so mncb, I've shook my head and wept; 
Tea, 'gainst tb' anthority of manners, pray'd yoa 
To hold yonr hand more close : I did endure 
Kot seldom, nor no slight checks, when I have 
Prompted you, iu the ebb of your estate. 
And your great flow of debts. My dear-lov'd"" lord. 
Though yoa hear now — too late — ^yet now's a time,'*** 
The greatest of your having lacks a half 
To pay yonr present debts. 

Tint. Let all my land be sold. 

Flav. 'Tis all engag'd, some forfeited and gone ; 
And what remains will hardly stop the mouth 
Of present dues : the future comes apace : 
What shall defend the interim ? and at length 
How goes our reckoning ? 

Tim. To Lacedfemon did my land extend. 



Flav. my good lord, the world ia bat a word : 
Were it all yonrs to give it in a breath. 
How quickly were it gone ! 

Tim. You tell me trae. 

Flav. If yon suspect my husbandry or ftUsehood, 
Call me before th' oxacteet auditors, 
And set me on the proof. So the f;ods blesa me, 
When all our offices haye been oppress'd 
With riotous feeder^ ; when our vaults have wept 
With drunken spilth of wine ; when every room 
Hath blaz'd with lights and bray'd with minstrelsy ; 
I have retir'd me to a wasteful cock, 
And aet mine eyes at flow.'"'* 

Tim. Prithee, no more. 

Flav. Heavens, have I said, the boanty of this lord ! 
How many prodigal bits have slaves and peasants 
This night englutted ! Who is not Lord Timon'a?"'" 
What heart, head, sword, force, means, but is Lord Ttmon's? 
Great Timon, noble, worthy, royal Timon ! 
Ah, when the means are gone that buy this praise, 
The breath is gone whereof this praise is made : 
Feast-won, fast-loat; one clond of winter showers, 
Tbeue dies are conoh'd. 

Tim. Come, sermon me no farther: 

No villanouB bounty yet bath pass'd my heart j^' 
Unwisely, not ignobly, have I given. 
Why doat thou weep ? Canst thou the conscience lack, 
To think I shall lack friends? Secure thy heart; 
If I wonld broach the vessels of my love. 
And try the argument of hearts by borrowing. 
Men and men's fortunes could I frankly use 
As I can hid thee speak. 

Flav. Aasaranoe blesa your thoughts ! 

Tim. And, in some sort, these wants of mine are crown 'd. 
That I acconnt them blessinga ; for by these 
Shall I try friends : you shall perceive how yon 
Mistake my fortunes; I am wealthy in my Mends. — 
Within there ! Flaminias I'™ Senrilius ! 


6S0 TIMON OP ATHEHB. [un n. 

.Enier Flahiniits, SEftviLlua, and other SerTantr. 

Sen-ante. My lord ? my lord ? — 

rim. I will dispatch you severally : — [to ServU.'] yon to 
Lord LnniaB ;— [(o Flam.'] to Lord LnonllaB yon ; I hnnted 
with hie honour to-day ; — [to another ServJ] you to Sempro- 
nins : commend me to their loves ; and, I am proud, say, that 
my occasions have found time to use 'em toward a supply 
of money : let the request be fifty talents. 

Flam. As you have said, my lord. 

[Exit tEith ServUiita arid another Servant. 

FUiV. [atide'l Lord Lucius and Lucullus ? hum ! 

rim. [to another Sei-v.'] Go you, sir, to the senators, — 
Of whom, even to the state's best health, I have 
Deserv'd this bearing ; bid 'cm send o' th' instant 
A thousand talents to me. [Exit Servant. 

Flat: I have been bold — 

For that I knew it the moat general way — 
To them to use your signet and your name ; 
Bt^t they do shake their heads, and I am here 
No richer in retom. 

Tim. Is't tme ? can 't be ? 

Flat: They answer, in a joint and corporate voice, 
That now they are at fall, want treasure, cannot 
Do what they would ; are sorry — ^you are honourable — 
Bot yet they could have wish'd — they know not what — *"* 
Something hath been amiss — a noble nature 
May catch a wrench — would all were well — 'tis pity ; — 
And so, intending other serious matters. 
After distasteful looks and these hard fractions, 
"With certain half-caps and cold-moving nods 
They froze me into silence. 

Tim. Yon pods, reward them ! — 

I*^^ prithee, man, look cheerly. These old fellows 
Have their ingratitude in them hereditary : 
Their blood is cak'd, 'tis cold, it seldom flows ; 
'Tis lack of kindly warmth they are not kind ; 
And nature, as it grows again toward earth, 
Is hahion'd for the journey, doll and heavy. — 


sccSE 1.] TmOH OF ATHENS. oSl 

[To another Sen:'] Go to VenticlioB,— [to Flav.'] Prithee, be 

not sad, 
Thoa art trae and hooeet ; ingenioasly I speak, 
No blame belong to thee : — [to the §ame SeroJ] Yentidius 

Baried hia father; by whose death he'a stepp'd 
Into a great estate : when he was poor, 
Imprison'd, and in scarcity of friends, 
I clear'd him with five talents : greet him from me ; 
Bid bim sappose some good necessity 
Tonohes his friend, which craves to be remember'd 
With those five talents. [Exit Suit, 

[To Flav."] That had, give 't these feUowe 
To whom 'tis instant dae. Ne'er speak, or think. 
That Timon's fortnoes 'mong his friends con sink. 

Flav. I would I Goald not think it : that thought is bounty's 

foe : 
Being free itself, it thinks all others so. [Exeunt. 

SoEHB I. AtJienB. A room in LuovLLua' house. 
Flauinius waitinij. Eater a Servant to Mm. 
8ero. I have told my lord of you ; he is coming down to 
yoa. ■ 

Flam. I thank you, sir. 

Enter LuoniiLus. 

Sent. Here's my lord. 

ImcuI. [aaide'l One of Lord Timon'a men ? a gilt, I war- 
rant. Why, this hits right; I dreamt of a silver basin and 
ewer to-night. — Flaminins, honest Flaminius ; you are very 
resptwtively welcome, sir. — Fill me some wine. [Exit Sen.'] 
— koA how does that hon»arabIe, complete, freehearted gen- 
tleman of Athens, thy very bountiful good lord and master? 


wa TIMOR OP ATICESS. [act hi. 

Flam. His health is well, air. 

Lucid. I am right glad that hiB health is well, sir : and 
what bast thon theio under thy cloak, pretty Flamiuins ? 

Flam. Faith, nothing but an empty bos, sir ; which, i» 
my lord's behalf, I come to entreat yonr hononr to snpply ; 
who, having great and instant occasion to use fifty talents, 
hath sent to your lord&bip to furnish him, uothing doubting 
yonr present assistance therein. 

IaicuI. La, la, la, la, — "nothing doubting," says he? 
Alas, good lord ! a noble gentleman 'tia, if he would not keep 
so good a hoase. Many a time and often I ha' dined with 
him, 'and told him on't; and come again to supper to him, of 
purpose to have him spend less ; and yet he would embrace 
no counsel, take no warning by my coming. Every man hag 
his fault, and honesty is his : I ha' told him on't, bat I could 
Do'er get bim &om 't. 

Ho-cider Servant, v^iili itine. 

Serp. Please your lordship, here is the wine. 

ImcuI. Flaminius, I have noted thee always wise. Here's 
to thee. [Drinks, aiid then gives him wiiic 

Flam. Your lordship speaks your pleasure. 

LvchI. I have observed thee always for a towardly prompt 
spirit, — give thee thy due, — and one that knows what belongs 
to reason ; and canst use the time well, if the time use theo 
well : good parts in thee. — [To Sen:'} Get yon gone, sirrah. 
'[Exit Serv.l — Draw nearer, honest Flaminius. Thy lord's a 
bonntifnl gentleman : but thoa art wise ; and thou knowest 
well enough, although thou comest to mo, that this is no 
time to lend money ; especially upon bare friendship, with- 
out security. Here's three solidares for thee : good boy, 
wink at me, and say thon sawest me not. Fare thee well. 

Flam. Is't possible the world should so much differ. 
And we alive that liv'd? Fly, damned baseness. 
To him that worships thee ! [Throwing the money back. 

Lucid. Ha ! now I see thoa art a fool, nad fit for thy 
master. [Exit, 

Flam. May these add to the number that may scald theet 
Let molten coin be thy damnation, 
Thon disease of a friend, and not himself 1 



Has friendship sach a faint and milky heart, 

It tarns in less than two nightB ? O yon gods, 

I feel my master's passion ! This slave 

Unto his bononr has my lord's meat in him :*"" 

Why should it thrive, and tnm to nutriment, 

When he is tum'd to poison ?"" 

0, may diseases only work apon't! 

And, vhen he's sick to death, lot not that part of nature 

Which my lord paid for, be of any power 

To expel sickness, but prolong his hour! [Exit. 

Scene 11. The savie. A public place. 
Enter LuCius, with three Strangera. 

Luc. Who, the Lord Timon ? he is my very good fiiend, 
and an honourable gentleman. 

First Stran, A^e know him for no less, though we arc but 
strangers to him. But I can tell you one thing, my lord, 
and which I hear from common ramours, — now Lord Timon's 
happy hours are done and past, and his estate shrinks from 

Liic. Fie, no, do not believe it ; he cannot want for money. 

See. Stran. But believo yon this, my lord, that, not long 
ago, one of his men was with the Lord LucuIIus to borrow so 
many talents ;"'* nay, urged extremely for't, and showed what 
necessity belonged to't, and yet was denied. 

Ltic. How ! 

Sec. Strait. I tell you, denied, my lord. 

Luc. What ft strange case was that ! now, before the gods, 
I am ashamed on't. Denied that hononmble man! there was 
Tei7 little honour showed in't. For my own part, I must 
needs confess, I have received some little kindnesses from 
him, as money, plate, jewels, and snch-Iike trifles, nothing 
-comparing to his ; yet, had he mistook him, and sent to me, 
I should ne'er have denied his occasion so many talents.*'^' 

Enter Servilivb. 
^ercil. See, by good hap, yonder'a my lord ; I have swet to 
see his hanonr. — [ To Lucius] My hononred lord, — 


BSt TmON OF ATHENa fici m. 

Xuc. SerriliuBl yon are kindly met, air. Fare theo well : 
commend me to thy hoDOnrable TirtnouB lord, my Tery ex- 
qnisito friend. 

Senil. May it please your hononr, my lord hath Best — 

Luc, Ha ! what has he sent ? I am bo much endeared to 
that lord; he's ever Bending: how shall I thank him, thinkest 
thou 9 And what hns ho sent now? 

SerrU. *Has only sent his preBent occasion now, my lord ; 
requesting yonr lordship to supply "his instant cBe with so 
many talents.'''' 

Luc, I know his lordship is but merry with me ; 
He cannot want fifty-five hundred talents. 

Servil. But in die mean time he wants less, my lord. 
If his occasion were not virtuous, 
I should not urge it half so faithfully. 

Lve, Dost thou speak serioosly, Servilius ? 

Servil. Upon my soul, 'tis true, sir. 

Luc. What a wicked beast was I to disfuroish myself 
against such a good time, when I might ha' showii myself 
honourable ! how unluckily it happened, that I should pur- 
chase the day before for a little part, and undo a great deal 
of honour l"** — Servilius, now, before the gods, I am not able 
to do,"" — the mote beast, I say : — I was sending to use liord 
Timon myself, these gentlemen can witness ; but I would not, 
for the wealth of Athens, I had done 't now. Commend me 
honntifull; to his good lordship ; and I hope hie honour vrill 
conceive the fairest of me, because I have no power to be 
kind : — and tell him this from me, I count it one of my 
greatest afflictions, say, that I cannot pleasure such an hon- 
ourable gentleman. Good Servilius, will you befriend me so 
far, as to use mine own words to him ? 

Senil. Yes, sir, I shall. , 

ZiiK. I'll look you out a good turn, Servilius. 

[Exit Senilhig, 
Tree, as yon said, Timon is shrunk indeed ; 
And he that's once denied will hardly speed. [Exit. 

Eint Stran. Did you observe this, HostUias ? 

Sec. Stran. Ay, too well. 

First Stran. Why, this 
Is the world's soul ; and just of the same piece 



Is every flatterer's spirit.*"' Who can call him 
His friend that dips in the same dish ? for, in 
My knowing, Timon has been this lord's &ther, 
And kept his credit with his parse; 
Supported his estate ; nay, Timon'a money 
Has paid his men their wages : be ne'er drinks, 
Bnt Timon's silver treads npon his lip; 
And yet — 0, see the monstronsness of man'"' 
When he looks oat in an nngratefnl shape ! — 
Ho dees deny him, in respect of his, 
What charitable men afi'ord to beggars. 

Third Stran. Beligion groans at it. 

First Stran. For mine own part, 

I never tasted Timon in my life, 
Nor e'er**" carae any of his bounties o'er me. 
To mark me for bis friend ; yet, I protest, 
For his right noble mind, illustriotts rirtne. 
And houonrable carriage. 
Had his necessity made nse of me, 
I would have pat my wealth into donation. 
And the best half should have retnm'd to him, 
So mnch I love his heart : bnt I perceive 
Men must learn now with pity to dispense ; 
For policy sits above conscience. [^Exeunt. 

Scene HI. The same. A room (k Seupronius' house. 
Enter SauPBOKlDS, and a Servant o/Timon's. 

Sem. Must he needs trouble me in 't, — hum ! — 'bove all 
Others ? 
He might have tried Lord Lucius or Lncullus ; 
And now Ventidias is wealthy too, 
Whom he redeem'J from prison : all these three'*** 
Owe their estates nnto him. 

Serv. My lord, they 

Have all been touch 'd, and found base metal ; for 
They've all denied him. 

Sem. How ! have they denied him ? . 


330 TIMOH OF ATHEKS. [»ct m. 

Have Youtiditis and LTicuIlns denied him ? 
And does he send to mo ? Three ? hum !— '*" 
It ahowa bat little love or jndgmeDt in him : 
Most I be his last refuge ? His friends, like ph^Bicians, 
Thrice give him over:"" mast I take the enre apon me? 
'Has much disgrac'd me in 't ; I'm angr; at him, 
That might have known my place : I see no sense for 't. 
Bat his occasions might have voo'd me first; 
For, in my conscience, I was the first man 
That e'er receiv'd gift from him : 
And does he think so backwardly of me now, 
That I'll reqnite it last ? No : 
So it may prove an argument of langhtor 
To the rest, and 'mongst loi-ds I^ be tbonght a fool. 
I'd rather than the worth of thritfe the som, 
'Had sent to me first, bnt for my mind's sake ; 
rd snch*"' a conrage to do him good. Bnt now retam, 
And with their faint reply this answer join : 
Who hates mine honoar shall not know my coin. [ExH. 

Serv. Escellent t Yoar lordship's a goodly villain. The 
devil knew not what he did when ha made man politic, — he 
crossed himself by 't : and I cannot think bnt, in the end, 
tho villanies of man will set him clear. How fairly ihia lord 
strives to appear fonl ! takes virtnoas copies to be wicked ; 
like those that, nnder hot ardent zeal, wonld set all realms 
on fire: 

Of such a nature is his politic love. 
This was my lord's last"*" hope ; now all are fled. 
Save the gods only:"" now his friends are dead. 
Doors, that were ne'er acquainted with their wards 
Many a honnteoas year, must be employ'd 
Now to guard sure their master. 
And this is all a liberal coarse allows ; 
Who cannot keep his wealth mast keep his hoaae. [A'xit. 



Scene IV. The same. A kail in Timon'b house. 

Enter two Servants o/Vabbo, and the Servant o/Luciub, meeting 
TiTDS, HoRTBKBiuii, and other Servants o/Tiuon's crediton, 
waiting hii coming out. 

First Var. Serv. Well met; good morrow, Titna and Hor- 

Tit. The like to yon, kind Tarro. 

Hor. Lncias !"" 

Wliat, do ve meet together ? 

Luc. Setv. Ay, and I think 

One baeinesa does command us all ; for mine 
Ib money. 

Tit. So is theirs and oars. 

Enter Fhilotds. 

Lac. Sen: And Sir FhilotDB too ! 

Pfii. Good day at once. 

Luc. Serv, Welcome, good brother. 

What do yon think the hoar ? 

Phi. Lnboniing for nine. 

Luc. Serv. So moch ? 

Phi. Is not my lord seen yet? 

Luc. Sere. Not yet. 

Phi. I wonder on'i ; he was wont to ehiue at seven. 

Luc. Serv. Ay, bat the days are wnx'd shorter with him : 
You must consider that a prodigal courae**" 
la like the bqq'b; 

But not, like bis, racoverable. I fear 
'Tis deepest winter in Lord Timon's parse ; 
That is, one may reach deep enoagh, and yet 
Find little. 

Phi. I am of your feai' for that. 

Tit. I'll show yon how t' obaerro a strange event. 
Your lord sends now for money. 

Hor. Host trae, he does. 

Tit. And he wears jewels now of Timon's gift, 
For which I wait for money. 

Hor. It is against my heart. 


5Sd TIMON OF ATHENS. [*ot hi. 

Luc. Sen'. Mark, how strange it sbons, 

Timott in tbis should pa; more than he owes ; 
And e'en as if yonr lord Bhoald wear rich jewels. 
And send for money for 'em. 

Hot. I'm weary of this charge, the gods can witness : 
I know my lord hath spent of Timon's wealth, 
And now ingratitade makes it worse than stealth. 

First Var. Serv. Yes', mine 's three thousand crowns : 
what's yonrs ? 

Liic. Serv. Five thousand mine. 

First Var. Serv. 'Tis much deep : and it should soem by 
the sum 
Youi' master's confidence was above mine ; , 

£lBe, surely, his had equall'd. 

Enter Flauinius. 

Tit. One of Lord Timon's men. 

Luc. Serv. Flaminius 1 — Sir, a word : pray, is my lord 
ready to come forth ? 

Flam. No, indeed, he is not. 

Tit. We attend his lordship ; pray, signify so mach. 

Flam. I need not tell him that ; he knows you are too 
diligent. \^Exit. 

Enter FLAviira in a cloak, muffled. 

Luc. Serv. Ha ! is not that his steward muffled so 2 . 
He goes away in a cloud : call him, call him. 
■ Tit. Do you hear, air ? 

Both Var. Serv.'**' By your leave, sir, — • 

Flav. What do ye ask of me, my friends ?*"*' 

Tit, We wait for certain money here, sir. 

Flav. Ay,*" 

If money were as certain as your waiting, 
'Twei-e sore enough. 

Why then preforr'd you not yonr sums and bills 
When your false masters eat of my lord's meat ? 
Then they coald sniile, and fawn upon his debts, 
And take down th' interest into their glnttonoas mawa. 
Yon do yourselves but wrong to etir me up ; 
Let mc pass quietly: 



BeHeve % my lord and I have made aa end ; 
I hare no more to reckon, he to spend. 

Luc. SeiT. Ay, bat this answer will not serve. 

Flav. If 'tnill not serve, 'tie not so base as yon ; 
For yoa serve knaves. [^Exit. 

Firat Var. Serv. How ! what does his cashiered worship 
mutter ? 

Sec. Var. Serv. No matter what ; he's poor, and that's 
revenge enough. Who can speak broader than he that has 
no house to put his head in ? such may rail against great 

JEaicr Sebvilius. 

Tit. 0, here's Servilins ; now we shall know some an- 

Servil. If I might beseech yon, gentlemen, to repair some 
other hour, I should derive mnch from 't ; for, take 't of my 
sonl, my lord leans wondronsly to discontent : his comfort- 
able temper has forsook him ; he's mnch out of health, and 
keeps his chamber. 

Luc. Serv. Many do keep their chambers are not sick: 
And, if it be so far beyond hie health, 
Methinks he should the sooner pay his debts. 
And make a clear way to the gods. 

Servil. Good gode! 

Tit. We cannot take this for an answer,'*" sir. 

Flam, [within] Servilius, help ! — My lord ! my lord ! 

EiUer TiKON, in a i-agt; 'Fluuisivb follomng. 

Tim. What, are my doors oppoa'd against my passage ? 
Have I been ever free, and mnst my honse 
Be my retentive enemy, my gaol ? 
The place which I have feasted, does it now. 
Like all mankind, show roe an iron heart ? 

Luc. Serv. Pat in now, Titns. 

Tit. My lord, hero is my bill. 

Luc. Sen'. Here's mine. 

Hor. Serv. And mine, my lord.'*" 

Botk Var. Serv. And ours, my lord. 

Phi. All onr bills. 

Tim. Knock me down with 'em : cleave me to tlie girdle. 



Lac. Serv. Alas, my lord,— 

Tim. Cut m; heart in bhiub. 

TU. Mine, fifty talents. 

rim. Tell out my blood. 

Luc, Sem. Five thousand crowns, my lord. 

Tim. Five thousand drops pays that. — What yours ? — aad 

Firgt Var. Serv. My lord, — 
Sec. Var. Serv. My lord, — 
Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods &11 upon you ! 

Hor. Faith, I perceive oar masters may throw their caps 
at tlleir money : these debts may well he called desperate 
ones, for a madman owes 'em. - [Exeiini. 

He-enter Twos and Flavius. 

Tim. They have e'en put my breatli from me, the slaves. 
Creditors I — devils. 

Flav. My dear lord, — 

Tim. What if it should be so ? 

Flav. My lord,— 

Tim. I'll have it so. — My steward ! 

Flo,v. Here, my lord. 

Tim. So fitly ? Oo, bid all my friends again, 
Lucius, LacolluB, and Sempraniua ; all i*"" 
I'll once more feast the rascals. 

Flav. my lord. 

You only speak from your distracted soul ; 
There is not so much left to fnrnish oat 
A moderate table. 

Tim. Be 't ivot in thy care ; go, 

I charge thee, invite them all : let in the tide 
Of knaves once more ; my cook and I'll provide. [Es^eunt. 

Scene V. The same. The seitate-hottse. 
The Senate sitting. 
First Sen. My lords,"*" you have my voice to it ; the 
fuult 's 



Bloody ; 'tis necessary be shonid die : 
Xoihiug emboldeos sin so macb as mercy. 

Sec. Sen. Most trae ; the law shall bmise him."""' 

Eaicr Alcibiaoes, attendcH. 

Alcib. Honour, health, and compassion to the senate \ 

First Sen. Now, captain ? 

Aleib. I am an btimblo suitor to your viitnes ; 
For pity is the virtue of the law. 
And none but tyrants use it cruelly. 
It pleases time and fortune to he heavy 
Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood, 
Hath etepp'd into the law, which is past depth 
To those that, withont heed, do plunge into 't. 
He is a man, setting bis fault aside,''*^' 
Of comely yirtaes : 

Kor did be soil the fact with cowardice, 
An"°*' honour in him which bays oat hia fault; 
But with a noble fury and fair Bpirit,'""* 
Seeing bis reputation totich'd to death. 
He did oppose bis foe : 
And with such sober and unnoted passion 
He did behave"'^' his anger, ere 'twas spent. 
As if he had bat prov'd an argament. 

First Sen. Yon undergo too strict a paradox, 
Striving to make an ugly deed look fair : 
Yosr words have took such pains, as if they labonr'd 
To bring manslaughter into form, and set 
QoarrelUng upon tho bead of valour ; which 
Indeed is valonr misbegot, and came 
Into the world when sects and factions 
"Were newly bom : 

- He'a truly valiant that can wisely suETer 
The worst that man can breathe ; and make his wrongs 
His outsides, — to wear them like his raiment, csielessly : 
And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, 
To bring it into danger. 
If wrongs be evils, and enforce as kill, 
What folly 'tis to hazard life for ill ! 

Alcib. My lords,—""" 


543 TIMON OP ATHEMB. [*« ui. 

First Sen. Yon cBnnot make groBS Bina look clear: 

To revetige is no valonr, bnt to bear. 

Alcib. My lords, then, under favour, pairdon me, 
If I speak like a captain : — 
Why do fond men expose themselves to battle. 
And not endure all threats ? sleep npon 't, 
And let the foes quietly cat their throats. 
Without repugnancy?""' If there he 
Such valour iu the bearing, what make we 
Abroad ? why, then, women are more valiant 
That stay at home, if bearing carry it ; 
And the ass more captain than the lion ; the felon*"" 
Iioaden with irons wiser than the judge, 
If wisdom be in snffering. my lords, 
Ab yon are great, be pitifully good : 
Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood ? 
To kill, I grant, is sin's extromest gust ; 
But, in defence, by mercy, 'tis most jnst. 
To be in anger is impiety ; 
Bnt who is man that is not angry ? 
Weigh but the crime witli this. 

Sec. Sen. Yon breathe in vain. 

Alcib. In vain ! his service done 

At Laoedtemon and Byzantinm 
Were a sufficient briber for his life. 

First Sen. What's that ? 

Alcib. Why, I say,""" my lords, 'has done fair service. 
And slain in fight many of your enamies : 
How full of valour did be bear himself 
In the last conflict, and made plenteous wounds I 

Sec. Sen. He has made too much plenty with 'em,""" he 
Is a sworn rioter : he has a sin that often 
Drowns him, and takes his valoar prisoner : 
If there were no more foes, that were enough"'" 
To overcome him : in that beastly fury 
He has been known to commit outrages 
And cherish factions : 'tie inferr'd to ns 
His days are foul, and his drink dangerous. 

First Sen. He dies. 

Alcib. Hard fate ! he might have died in war. 



My lords, if not for any p»rtB in him, — 

Thoagh hifl right arm might parcbase hia own time. 

And be in debt to none, — yet, more to move yon. 

Take my deserts to bis, and join 'em both : 

And, for I know yonr reverend lages love 

Secnrity, I'll pawn my Tictories, all 

My honours to you, npon hia good letnrn."'^ 

If by this erime he owes the law his life, 

"Why, let the war receive 't in valiant gore ; 

For law ie strict, and war is nothing more. 

First Sen. We are for law, — he dies ; nrge it no more. 
On height of our displeasnre : friend or brother. 
He forfeits his own blood that spills another."'" 

Alcib. Mast it be so? it mnst not be. My lords, 
I do beseech yon, know me. 

Sec. Sen. How! 

Aldh. Call me to year remembraDceB. 

Third Sen. What ! 

Aleib. I cannot think bnt yonr age has forgot me; 
It eonM not else be I shonid prove so base 
To sne, and be denied sach common grace : 
My wonndfi ache at yoa. 

Mrst Sen. I>o yoa dare our anger ? 

'Tis in tew words, but epacions in effect ; 
We banish thee for ever. 

Alcib. Banish met 

Banish yonr dotage ; banish nsary, 
That makes the senate ngly. 

First Sen. If after two days' shine Athens contain thee. 
Attend onr weightier judgment. And, not to swell oar 

He shall be ezecated presently. [Exeunt Senators. 

Alcib, Now the gods keep yoa old enough ; that yoa may 
Only in bone, that none may look on yon ! 
Tm worse than mod : I have kept back their foes, 
While they have told their money, and let ont 
Their coin npon large interest ; I myself 
Rich only in large hurts ; — all those for this ? 
Is this the balsam that the asaring senate 


M* TIMON OF ATHEKB. [tcr m. 

Fours into captains' wonode ? Ha, banishment !'"^ 

It comes not ill ; I bate not to be banieh'd ; 

It is a cause worth; my epleen and fary, 

That I may strike at Athens. I'll cheer ap 

My discontented troops, and lay for hearts. 

'Tis honour with most lands to be at odds;"**' 

Soldiers should brook as little wrongs as gods. {Exit- 

Scene VI. The aavic. A mt^ificent room in Tiuok's house. 

Music. Tahliv set out: Bervt^ts attending. Enter, at several doort'r 

divers Lords.*" ^—Lucina, Lhcollcs, Sehfrokiuh, — Senators, 

&C. ; and Ybntidids. 

First Lord. The good time of day to you, sir. 

Sec. Lord. I also nish it to yoa. I think this honoarable 
lord did bat try ns this other day. 

First Lord. Upon that were my thoughts tiring when .we 
encountered : I hope it is not so low with him as he made it 
seem in the trial of his several &iends. 

Sec. Lord. It should not be, by the persuasion of bis new 

Fimt Lord. I should think so : he hath sent me an earnest 
inviting, which many my near occasion e'^'^' did urge me to put 
off; but he hath conjured me beyond them, and I must needs 

Sec. Lord. In like manner was I in debt to my impor- 
tunate business, but he would not hear my excuse. I am 
sorry, when he sent to borrow of me, that my provision was 

First Lord. I am sick of that grief too, as I understand 
how all tilings go. 

Sec. Lord. Every man here's so. What would he have bor- 
rowed of you ? 

First Lord. A thousand pieces. 

<SVi;. Lord. A thousand pieces ! 

First Lord. What of you ? 

Sec. Lord. Ho sent to me, sir,""' — Hero he comes. 



Enter Tihok and Attend&nts. 

Tim. With all my heart, gentlemen both : — and how fare 

First Lord. Ever at the best, hearing well of yonr lord- 

See. Lord. The swallow follows not BOtntner more will- 
• ingtuo) jIj^q ^q ygm lordship. 

rim. \a»ide\ Nor more willingly leaves winter; such 
snmmer-birds are men. — 0-entlemen, onr dinner will not 
recompense this long stay : feast yoar ears with the music 
awhile,*^'" if they will fare bo harshly. 0, the trumpets 
sound ; we shall to 't presently. 

Firtt Lord. I hope it remains not unkindly with your 
lordship, that I returned you an empty messenger. 
Tim. 0, sir, let it not tronble you. 

Sec. Lord. My noble lord, — 

Tim. Ah, my good friend, — what cheer J"™ 

Sec. Lord. My most honourable lord, I am e'en sick of 
shame, that, when your lordship this other day sent to me, I 
was BO unfortunate a beggar. 

Tim. Think not on 't, sir. 

Sec. Lord. If yoa had sent bat two hooTB before, — 

Tim. Let it not cumber your better remembraDce.— 
Come, bring in all together. [The banquet brought in. 

See. Lord. All covered dishes I 

First Lord. Royal cheer, I warrant you. 

Third Lord. Donbt not that, if money and the Beason can 
yield it. 

Fint Lord. How do you ? "What's the newa ? 

Third Lord. Alcibiades is banished : hear you of it? 

First and Sec. Tjord. Alcibiades banished I 

Third Lord. 'Tie bo, be sure of it. 

First Ijord. How! howl 

See. Lord. I pray yon, npon what ? 

Tim. My worthy friends, will you draw near ? 

Third Lord. I'll tell yon more anon. Here's a noble feast 

Sec. Lord. This is the old man still. 

Third Lord. WiU 't hold ? will 't hold ? 



Sec. Lord. It <Io«b : but time vill — and so— 

Third Lord. I do conceiTe. 

Tim. Each mau to his stool, with that spur as he would 
to the lip of Ms BQistreBB : yoar diet shall be in all places 
alike. Make not a city feast of it, to let the meat cool ere 
we can agree npon the first place : sit, sit. The gods reqoire 
oar thanks. — 

Yon great benehctors, sprinkle onr society with thank- 
falness. For your own gifts, make yonrselveB praised : but 
reserve still to give, leat yonr deities be despised. Lend to 
each man enough, that one need not lend to another; for, 
were yonr godheads to borrow of men, men would forsake 
the godB. Make the meat be beloved mote than tbe nun 
tiitti gives it. Let no aaseuibly of twenty be withont a score 
of villains : if there sit twelve women at Uio table, let a doien 
of them be — as they are. The rest of yonr foes,*"** O gods, 
— ihe senators of Athens, together with the common lag"*^ 
of people, — what is amiss in them, yon gods, make snitable 
for deBtmetion. For these my present &iends, — as tbey are 
to me nothing, so in nothing bless them, and to nothing are 
they welcome. — 

Uncover, dogs, and lap. 

[The diahei are uncovered, and seen to beJ«U 
of narm water. 

Some apeak. What does his lordship mean ? 

Some other. I know not. 

Tim. May yon a better feast never behold. 
Yon knot of month-friends ! emoke and Inkewarm water 
Ib yonr perfection. This ie Timon's last ; 
Who, stack and spangled vrith yonr flattery,**"' 
Washes it off, and sprinkles in yonr faces 

[Throicing the water in their facet, 
Yonr reeking viHany. Live loath'd, and long, 
Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites, 
Conrteons destroyers) affable wolves, meek bears. 
Yon fools of fortnoe, trencher-friends, time's flies. 
Cap and knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks ! 
Of man and beast the infinite malBdies"**" 
Crast yon quite o'er ! — What, dost thoa go ? 


KMta 1.1 TIHOH OF ATHENS. 547 

Soft 1 take th; pbysic first, — tlion too, — &nd tboa ; — 
Stay, I will lend thoe money, borrow none, — 

[Throws the dishes at iliem, and drives them oitt."*" 
What, all in motion ? Henceforth be no feast 
"Whereat a villaiu'a not a welcome gaest. 
Bum, house! sink, Athens! henceforth hated be 
Of Timon man and all hnmanity ! [Exit. 

He-enter Ike Companyfi^' 

First Lord. How now, my lords 1 

Sec. Lord. Know you the qnality of Lord Timon's fory ? 

Third Lord. Pnab ! did you see my cap ? 

Fourth Lord. I have lost my gown. 

First Lord. He's bat a mad lord, and naught bnt bam- 
ont"*** sways him. He gave me a jewel tb' other day, and 
now he has beat it out of my hat : — did yon see my jewel ? 

Tliird Lord. Did you see my cap ? 

Sec. LordJ-*^ Here 'tis. 

Fourth Lord. Here lies my gown. 

First Lord. Let's make no stay. 

See, Lord. Lord Timon's mad. 

Third Lord. I feel 't upon my bones. 

Fourth Lord, One day be gives ns diamonds, next day 
stones.""' [Exei/,nt. 


Scene I. Without tlie waUs of Athens. 
Enter Timon. 
Tim. Let me look back upon thoe. O thou wall,- 
That girdlest in those wolves, dive in the earth. 
And fence not Athens I Matrons, tarn incontinent ! 
Obedience foil in children ! slaves and fools. 
Pluck the grave wrinkled senate from the bench. 
And minister in their steads ! to general filths 
Convert o' th' instant, green virginity, — 
Do 't in your parents' eyes ! bankrupts, hold fast ; 



Bather than render bsck, otit with yout knivea, 

And cat your trnBters' throats ! bound-BerTants, steal ! 

Lorge-huided robbers your grave masters are, 

And pill by law : maid, to thy master's bed, — 

Thy mistress is o' the brothel 1 Bon^*"^ of sizteeo, 

I^aok the lin'd crotch from thy old limping sire. 

With it boat ont his brains ! piety, and fear, 

Beligion to the gods, peace, justice, tmth. 

Domestic awe, night-rest, and neighbonrhood, 

Iiutmction, manners, mysteries, and trades. 

Degrees, obserrances, cnstoms, and laws, 

Decline to yonr confonndin^t contrarieB, 

Asd let confaeion live l''^ — Plagues incident to men. 

Year potent and infections fevers heap 

On Athens, ripe for stroke t thou cold sciatica, 

Cripple onr senators, that their limbs may halt 

As lamely as their manners ! last and liberty 

Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth. 

That 'gainst the stream of virtue they may strive, 

And drown themselves in riot ! itches, blaina. 

Sow all th' Athenian bosoms ; and their crop 

Be general leprosy ! breath infect breath ; 

That their society, as their friendship, may 

Be merely poison ! Nothing I'll bear from thee 

But nakedness, thou detestable town ! 

Take tbon that too, with multiplying bans ! 

l^on will to the woods ; where he shall find 

Th' nnkindest beast more kinder than mankind. 

The gods confound — hear me, you good gods all — 

Th' Athenians both within and out that wall 1 

And grant, as Timon grows, his hate may grow 

To the whole race of mankind, high and low ! 

Amen. lExil. 

ScsHB n. Atltens. A room in Tikon's Iwute. 
Enter Flavids, mth two or three Servants. 
Fint Serv, Hear yoo, master steward, — where's our mas- 


acMum nj , TDfON OF ATHENE MB 

Are we imdoDe ? east off 7 nothing remaining ? 

Flav. Alack, my fellowB, what shoold I say to jon ? 
Let me be recorded by the righteoas gods, 
I am as poor as yoa. 

Firtt Sere. Sach a house broke 1 

So noble a master fallen I All gone ! and not 
One fiiend to take his fortune by the arm. 
And go along with Mm 1 

Sec. Sero. As we do tnm our backs 

From onr companion thrown into his grave. 
So his familiars from his bnried fortunes 
Slink all away ;°*** leave their false tows with him. 
Like empty parses pick'd ; and his poor self, 
A dedicated beggar to the air. 
With hia disease of all-shnnn'd poverty, 
Walks, like contempt, alone.-~More of onr fellows. 

Enter other Servants. 

Flav. All broken implements of a ntin'd honse. 

Third Serv. Yet do oar hearts wear Timon's livery, — 
That see I by oar faces ; we are fellows still. 
Serving alike in sorrow : leak'd ia oar bark ; 
And we, poor mates, stand on the dying deck. 
Hearing the surges threat : we must all part 
Into this sea of air. 

Flav. GrooA fellows all, 

The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst yoa. 
Wherever we shall meet, for Timon's sake. 
Let 's yet be fellows ; let 's shake our heads, and say, 
As 'twere a knell unto oar master's fortunes, 
" We have seen better days." Let each take some ; 

[Giving them money . 
Nay, pat oat all your hands. Not one word more ; 
Thus part we rich in sorrow, parting poor. 

[Servants embrace, and part leveral wayi. 
the fierce wretchedness that glory brings as ! 
Who would not vrish to be from wealth exempt, 
Since riches point to misery and contempt ? 
Who 'd be so mock'd with glory ? or so live 
Bot in a dream of friendship ? 


B50 TQION OF ATHENS. ^t iy. 

To hare his pomp, and all what state compoands,"*"* 

Bnt odI; painted, like bis rarniah'd friendB? 

Poor honeat lord, broagbt low by bis own beart. 

Undone by goodness ! Strange, nnnstial blood,"*" 

When man's worst e^d is, bo does too mncb good ! 

Wbo, then, dares to be balf so kind agen ? 

For bounty, that makes gods, does""' still mar men. 

My dearest lord, — bless'd, to be most accars'd, 

Eich, only to be wretched, — tby great fortones 

Are made tby chief afflictions. Alas, kind lord ! 

He's flnng in rage frcm this iugratefal seat 

Of monstrons friends ; nor bns be with bim to 

Supply bis life, or that wblcb can command it. 

I'll follow, and inquire bim ont : 

I'll erer serve bis mind with my best will ; 

"Whilst I hare gold, I'll be bis steward still. [Exit, 

Scene m. The wooilg. Before Timon's care. 
Enter Timon. 
Tim. blessed -breeding gun, draw from tbe earth 
Botten bnmidity ; below tby sister's orb 
Infect tbe air ! Twinn'd brothers of one womb, — 
Whose procreation, residence, and birth. 
Scarce is diridant, — touch tbem with several fortnnes, 
The greater scorns the lesser : not natare,"'*' 
To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great fortune, 
Bat by contempt of nature. 
Baise me this beggar, and deny 't that lord ; 
The senator shall bear"*" contempt hereditary, 
The beggar native bononr. 
It is tbe pasture lards the rother's"*"' sides, 
The want that makes bim lean. Who dares, who dares^ 
In purity of manhood stand npright, 
And say, " This man's a flatterer" ? if one be, 
So are they all ; for every grise of fortune 
Is smooth'd by that below : tbe learned pate 
Docks to the golden fool : all is oblique ; 


acBKi tii-l TIHOK OF ATHENS. G51 

There's nothing level in our curs&d natures. 
But direct villany. Therefore, be abhorr'd 
All feaeta, aocieties, and throngs of men ! 
His semblable, yea, himself, Timon disdains : 
Destruction fang mankind ! — Earth, yield mo roota ! 

Who seeks for better of thee, sauce his palate 
With thy most operant poison ! — What is here ? 
Gold ? yellow, glittering, precious gold ? No, gods, 
I am no idle Yotariat z"^"' roota, you clear heavens ! 
Thus much of this will make black, white ; foul, fair ; 
Wrong, right; base, noble; old, young; coward, valiant. 
Ha, you gods! why this? what**"' this, yoa goda? Why, this 
Will lug your priests and servants from yonr sides ; 
Plack etout"^* men's pillows from below their heads : 
This yellow slave 

Will knit and breek religions ; bless th' accurs'd ; 
Make the hoar leproay ador'd ; place thieves, 
And give them title, knee, and approbation. 
With senators on the bench : this is it"** 
That makes the wappen'd widow wed again ; 
She, whom the spital-house and ulcerous sores 
Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices 
To th' April day again. Come, damned earth, 
Tboa common whore of mankind, that putt'st odds 
Among the rout of nations, I will make thee 
Do thy right nature.— [Mnrc/t wit/iin.] Ha! a drum? — 

Thou'rt quick, 
But yet I'll bury thee : thoa'lt go, strong thief, 
When gouty keepers of thee cannot stand : — 
Nay, stay thou oat for earnest. [^KeepiTtg some gold. 

Enter Alcibiades, with tli-vm and fife, in warlike manner; 
Phrtnu and Tihakdiu. 

Alcib. What art thou there ? 


Tim. A beast, as thou art. The canker gnaw thy heart. 
For showing me again tho eyes of man ! 

Alcih. What is thy name ? Is man eo hateful to thee, 

That art thyself a man ? 


611 TIMON OF ATHENS. [MW i-r. 

Tim. I am misantkropos, and liate mankuid. 
For tby part, 1 do wish tlion wert a dog, 
That 1 might love thee something. 

Aka. I know Uiee wdl ; 

Bat in thy fortaoes am nnleani'd and Btrange. 

Tim. I know thee too ; and more than that I know tiiee, 
I not deaire to know. Follow thy dmm ; 
With man's blood paint the gronnd, gules, gnles :"** 
Beligioas canons, civil laws are cmel ; 
Then what should war be ? This fell whore of thine 
Hath in her more destruction than thy sword. 
For all her cherubin look. 

Phry. Thy lips rot off! 

Tim, I will not kiss thee ; then the rot retnrns 
To thine own lips i^ain. 

Alcib. How came the noble Timon to this change ? 

Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to give : 
But then renew I could not, like the moon ; 
There were no anns to borrow of. 

Alcib. Noble Timon, 

What friendship may I do thee ? 

Tim. None, but to 

Maintain my opinion. 

Alcib. What is it, Timon ? 

Tim. Promiee me friendship, bnt perform none : if thou 
wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for thou art a man ! 
if thou dost perform, confoand thee, for thou art a nton ] 

Alcib. I've heard in some sort of thy miseries. 

Tim. Thou saw'st them, when I had prosperity. 

Alcib. I see them now; then was a blessM time. 

Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of harlots. 

Timan. Is this th' Athenian minion, whom the world 
Voic'd so regardfuUy? 

Tim. Art thon Timandra ? 

Ttman. Yes. 

Tim. Be a whore still : they love thee not that use thee ; 
Giye them diseases, leaving with thee their lust."*" 
Make use of thy salt hours : season the slaves 
For tubs and battis ; bring down rose-cheek'd youth to 
The tub-fast"*" and the diet. 


scnta m.] TOIOS OF ATHENS. 6fi8 

Timan. Hang thee, monster ! 

Aldb. Pardon him, sveet Timandra ; for his wits 
Are drown'd and lost in his calamities. — 
I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, 
The want whereof doth daily make revolt 
In m; pennrioiiB band : I've heard, and griev'd. 
How carsbd Athens, mindless of thy worth, 
Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, 
Bnt for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them, — 

Tim. I prithee, beat thy drum, and get thee gone. 

Aldb. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. 

Tim. How dost thoa pity him whom thou dost troable ? 
I had rather be alone. 

Aldi. Why, fare thee well : 

Here's some gold for thee. 

Tim. Keep *t, I cannot eat it. 

Aleih. When I have laid proud Athens oa a heap, — 

Tim. Warr'et thoa 'gainst Athens ? 

Aleib. Ay, Timon, and have cttuse. 

Tint. The gods confonnd them all in thy conquest ; and 
Thee after, when thon'st conquer'd I 

Aleib. Why me, Timon ? 

Tim. That, by killing of villains, thou wast bom to conquer 
My countiy."*" 

Put up thy gold : go on, — here's gold, — go on ; 
Be as a planetary plague, when Jove 
Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison 
In the sick air: let not thy sword skip one : 
Pity not honour'd age for bis white beard, — 
He is an usurer: strike me the counterfeit matron, — 
It is her habit only that is honest, 
HerselTB a bawd : let not the virgin's cheek 
Make soft thy trenchant sword ; for those milk-paps. 
That through the window-bars"*" bore at men's eyes. 
Are not witJiin the leaf of pity writ. 
Bat set down"**' horrible traitors r spare not the babe. 
Whose dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their mercy; 
Think it a bastard, whom the oracle 
Hath donbtfolly pronoanc'd thy°*" throat shall out, 
And mince it sans remorse : swear against objects ;'^*^ 


651 TmON OF ATHENS. {U!t ir. 

Put anuonr on thine ears and on thine eyes ; 
Whose proof^ nor yells of mothers, maids, nor bahes, 
Kor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding. 
Shall pierce a jot. There's gold to pay thy soldiers : 
Make large confosion ; and, thy fary spent, 
Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. 

Alcib. Hast ttion gold yet? I'll take the gold thoQ giv'st 
Not all thy connsel. 

Tim. Dost thon, or dost thou not, heaven's cnrse upon 

Phr. aiid Timan. Give as some gold, good Timon : hast 
thon more ? 

Tim. Enoagh to make a whore forswear her trade, 
And to make whores, a bawd.*"** Hold np, yon slnta, 
Yonr aprons moantant : yon are not oathable, — 
Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear. 
Into strong shudders and to heavenly agues, 
Th' immortal gods that hear you, — spare your oaths, 
I'll trust to your conditions: be whores still; 
And be whose pious breath seeks to convert you. 
Be strong in whore, allure him, bum him up ; 
Let your close fire predominate his smoke. 
And be no turncoats: yet may your pains, six months, 
Be quite contrary: and thatch your poor thin roofs 
With burdens of the dead ; — some that were hang'd, 
No matter: — wear them, betray with them : whore still ; 
Paint till a horse may mire upon yout face : 
A poz of wrinkles ! 

Phr. and Timan. Well, more gold : — what then ? — 
Believe 't, that we'll do any thing for gold. 

Tim. Consumptions sow 
In hoUow bones of man ; strike their sharp shins. 
And mar men's spurring.""* Crack the lawyer's voice. 
That he may never more fEdse title plead, 
Nor Bound his quillets shrilly: hoar the flameu, 
That scolds'*") against the quality of flesh. 
And not believes himself: down with the nose, 
Down with it flat ; take the bridge quite away 
Of him that, his particular to foresee, 



Smells from tlie general weal : mitke curl'd-pate mffisns 

And let the nnscair'd bra^arts of the war 
Derire some pain from you : plagne fill ; 
That your activity may defeat and qnell 
The Boorce of all erection. — There's more gold : — 
Do you damn others, and let this damn you. 
And ditches grave yon all ! 

Pkr. and Timan. More coansel with more money, boun- 
teona Timon. 

Tim. More whore, more mischief first ; I've given you 

Atcib. Strike up the drum towards Athens! — Farewell, 
If I thrive well, I'll visit thee again. 

Tim. If I hope well, I'll never see thee more. 

Alcib. I never did thee harm. 

Tim. Yes, thon spok'st well of me. 

Aleib. Cali'et thon that harm? 

Tim. Men daily find it. Get thee away, and take 
Thy beagles with thee. 

Alcib. We but offend him. — Strike ! 

iDmm beats. Exevnt Alcibiades, Pbryaia, and 

Tim. That nature, being sick of man's nnkindness, 
Should yet be hungry ! — Common mother, thon, [^Digging, 
Whose womb unmeasurable, and infinite breast. 
Teems, and feeds all ; whose*"" self-same mettle, 
Whereof thy proad child, arrogant man, is pufTd, 
Engenders the black toad and adder bine. 
The gilded newt and eyeless venom'd worm. 
With all th' abhorred births below crisp heaven 
Whereon Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine ; 
Yield him, who all thy human sons doth bate,""' 
From forth thy plenteous bosom, one poor root ! 
Ensear thy fertile and conceptions womb, 
Let it no more bring out ingratefnl man ! 
Oo great vrith tigers, dragons, wolves, and bears ; 
Teem with new monsters, whom thy upward face 
Hath to the marbled mansion all*"** above 


£56 TUOH OF ATHENS. [Mnr rr 

Never presented ! — 0, & root, — dear thanks ! — 
Dry op thy marrows, vines, °**' and plough-torn leas ; 
Whereof ingratefol man, wiUi liqnorish draoghta 
And morsela unctuous, greaees his pore mind, 
That from it all consideration slips ! — 

More man ? pli^e, plagoe ! 

Apem. 1 was directed hither : men report 
Tbon dost affect my manners, and dost nse them. 

Tim. 'Tis, then, becanse thon dost not keep a dog. 
Whom I would imitate ; consumption catch thee I 

Apem. This is in thee a nature but infected j*"^ 
A poor unmanly melancholy sprung 

From change of fortune."*" Why this spade ? this place ? 
This slave-like habit? and these looks of care ? 
Thy flatterers yet wear silk, drink wine, lie soft ; 
Hag their diseas'd perfumes, and have forgot 
That ever Timon was. Shame not these woods, 
By putting on the cunning of a carper. 
Be thoa a flatterer now, and seek to thrive 
By that which has undone thee : hinge thy knee, 
And lot his very breath, whom thou'lt observe, 
Blow off thy cap; praise his most vicious strain, 
And call it excellent : thou wast told thus ; 
Tbon gav'st thine ears like tapsters that bid welcome**^ 
To knaves and all approachers : 'tia most just 
That then tarn rascal ; hadst thou wealth again, 
Baacals should have 't. Do not assume my likeness. 

Tim. Were I like thee, I'd throw away myself. 

Apem. Thon'st cast away thyself, being like thyself; 
A madman so long, now a fool. What, think'st 
That the bleak air, thy boisterous chamberhuD, 
Will put thy shirt on warm ? will these moss'd'*'*' trees, 
That have outliv'd the eagle, page thy heels, 
And skip where"**' thou point' st out ? will the cold brook, 
Candied with ice, caudle thy morning taste. 
To cure thy o'er-night's surfeit ? Call the creatures, — 
Whose naked natures live in all the spite 
Of wreakfal heaven ; whose bare unhoused trunks. 



To the conflietiDg elemants expos'd, 
Answer mere nstnre, — bid them flatter thee ; 
O, thoo ahalt find — 

Tim. A fool of thee : depart. 

Apem. I love thee better now than e'er I did. 

Tim. I hate thee woree. 

Apem. Why? 

Tim. Thoa flatter'et miaery. 

Apem. I flatter not ; bat say thou art a caitiff. 

Tim, Why dost thou seek me oat ? 

Apem. To vex thee."'* 

Tint. Always a villain's offiee ot a fool's. 
DoBt please thyself in't ? 

Apem. Ay. 

Tim. Wbat I a knave too ? 

Apem, If thou didst put this sonr-cold habit on 
To castigate thy pride, 'twere well : bnt thoa 
Dost it enforcedly : thoa'dst conrtier be again, 
Wert thoa not beggar. Willing misery 
Ontlives incertain pomp, is crown'd before : 
The one is filling still, never complete ; 
The other, at high wish : best state, 'oontentless. 
Hath a distracted and most wretched being. 
Worse than the worst, content. 
Thoa shoaldst desire to die, being miserable. 

Tim. Not by his breath that is more miserable. 
Tboa art a slave, whom Fortane's tender arm 
With favoar never clasp'd ; bat bred a dog. 
Hadst thon,'like as from onr first swath, proceeded 
The sweet degrees that this brief world affords 
To sach as may the passive dregs of it 
Freely command, °^ thoa woaldst have plang'd thyself 
In general riot ; melted down thy yoath 
In different beds of last; and never loarn'd 
The icy precepts of respect, bat follow'd 
The sagar'd gome before thee. Bat myself. 
Who bad the world as my confectionary ; 
The months, the tongaes, the eyes, and hearts of men 
At duty, more than I conld fhune employment ; 
That namberless apon me stack, as leaves 


sea TIMON OF ATHENS. Lact rr. 

Do on the oak, have with one wioter'a brush 

Fell from their boughs, and left me open, bare 

For every storm that blows ; — I, to bear this. 

That never knew but better, is some burden : 

Thy nature did commence in safferance, time 

Hath made thee hard in 't. Why shoaldat thou hate men ? 

They serer flatter'd thee: what hast thou given? 

If thon wilt curse, — thy father, that poor rag,"*^' 

Must be thy subject ; who, in Bpite, put stuff 

To some she-beggar, and compounded thee 

Poor rogne hereditary. Hence, be gone ! — 

If thou hadst not been bom the worst of men. 

Thou hadst been a knave and flatterer. 

Apem. Art thou proud yet? 

Tim. Ay, that I am not thee. 

Apem. I, that I was 

No prodigal. 

Tim. I, that I am one now : 
Were all the wealth I have shat np in thee, 
I'd give thee leave to hang it. Get thee gone. — 
That the whole life of Athens were in this I 
Thus would I eat it. {Gnawing a root. 

Apem. Here ; I'll mend thy feast. 

{Offering him tomething, 

Tim. First mend my***^ company, take away thyself. 

Apem, So I shall mend mine own, by the lack of thine. 

Tim. 'Tis not well mended so, it is bat botch'd ; 
If not, I would it were. 

Apem. What wouldst thou have to Athens? 

Tim. Thee thither in a whirlwind. If thon wilt. 
Tell them there I have gold ; took, so I have. 

Apem. Here is no use for gold. 

Tim. The best and truest ; 

For hero it sleeps, and does no hir^d harm. 

Apem. Where ly'st o' nights, Timon ? 

Tt»t. Under that's above jne. 

Where feed'st thou o' days, Apemantns ? 

AjKm. Where my stomach findu meat; or, rather, where 
I cat it. 

Tim. Would poisdn were obedient, and knew my mindt 



Apem, Where vooldst thoa Bend it ? 

Tim. To sauce thy disbes. 

Apem. The middle of hamanity thoa Berer kneveat, but 
the extremity of both ends : when thoa wast in thy gilt and 
thy perfume they mocked thee for too mnch cnriosi^; in 
thy rags thoa knowest none, but art despised for the cod- 
trary. There's a medlar for thee ; eat it. 

Tim. On what I hate I feed not. 

Apem. JkitA hate a medlar ? 

Tim. Ay, thongh it look like thee. 

Apem. An th' hadst hated meddlers sooner, thou ehonldst 
have loved thyself better now. What man didst then ever 
know antfarift that was beloved after his means ? 

Tim. Who, withont those means thoa talkeet of, didst thou 
erer know beloyed ? 

Apem. Myself. 

Tim. I understand thee ; thoa hadst some means to keep 
A dog. 

Apem. What things in the world eonst thou nearest com- 
pare to thy flatterers ? 

Tim. Women nearest ; bat men, men are the things tbem- 
selves. What wonldet then do with the world, ApemantuB, 
if it lay in thy power ? 

Apem. Oive it the beasts, to he rid of the men. 

Tim. Wonldst thoa haye thyself fall in the confiiflion of 
men, and remain a beast with the beasts ? 

Apem. Ay, Timon. 

Tim. A beastly ambition, which the gods grant thee t' 
attain to ! If thoa wert the lion, the fox would beguile 
thee : if thou wert the lamb, the fox would eat thee : if thou 
wert the fox, the lion would suspect thee, when, peradren- 
tare, thou wert accused by the ass : if thou wert the ass, 
thy dulness would torment thee ; and still thon livedst bat 
ae a breakfast to the wolf : if thou wert the wolf, thy greedi- 
ness would afflict thee, and oft thou ahooldst hazard thy 
life for thy dinner : wert thon the unicorn, pride and wrath 
would confound thee, and make thine own self the conquest 
of thy fary : wert thou a bear, thoa wonldst be killed by 
the horse : wert thou a horse, thon wonldst be seieed by 
the leopard : wert thon a leopard, thon wert gennan to the 



lion, and the apots of thy kindred were jarors on thy life : 
all thy safety were remotion, and thy defence absence. What 
beast conldst thou be, that vete not subject to a beast ? and 
vbat a beast art thou already, that seest not thy loss in trans- 

Apem. If thou couldst please me with speaking to me, 
thou mightst have bit npon it here : the commonwealth of 
Athens is become a forest of beasts. 

Tim, How has the ass broke the wall, that thoa art oat 
of the city ? 

Apem. Yonder comes a poet and a painter :^^ the plagne 
of company li^t upon theel I will fear to catch it, and 
give way : when I know not what else to do, I'll see theft 

Tim. When there is nothing living but thee, tboa sbalt 
be welcome. I had rather be a beggar's dog than Ape- 

Apem. Thou art the cap of all the fools alive. 

Tim. Would thoa wert clean enough to spit npon ! 

Apem. A plague on thee, thou art too bad to curse ! 

Tim. All villains that do stand by thee ate pare. 

Apem, There is no leprosy but what thoa speak'et. 

Tim. If I name thee. — 
1*11 beat thee, but I should infect my hands.'*"'' 

Apem. I would my tongue could rot them off! 

Tim, Away, thou issue of a mangy dog ! 
Choler does kill me that thoa art alive ; 
I swoon""' to see thee. 

Apem. Would thou wouldst burst ! 

Tim. Away, 

Thoa tedious rogae t I'm sorry I shall lose 
A stone by thee. [Tkrow» a ttone at him, 

Apem. Beast ! 

Tim, Slave ! 

Apem. Toad ! 

Tim, Bogae, rogue, rogae ! 

[^Apemantus retreats backward, at going, 
I'm sick of this false world ; and will love naught 
But even the mere necessities upon 't. 
Then, Timou, presently prepare thy grave; 


mam ni.] TUION OF ATHENS. 661 

Lie where the light foam of the sea may beat 
Th; grave-stone daily: make thioe epitaph, 
That death iu me at others' lives may laogh. 
thoQ Bweet king-killer, and dear divorce 

ILooking on the gold. 
Twixt natural son and sire I'"^ then bright defiler 
Of Hymen's poreet bed t thon valiant Mars I 
Thoa ever yoong, fresh, loVd, and delicate wooer, 
Whose Uaah doth thaw the consecrated snow 
That lies on Diao'a lap 1 thon visible god. 
That Bolder'st close impOBflibilities, 
And mak'st them kiss 1 that speak'et with every tongae, 
To every purpose ! thon tonch of hearts I 
Think, thy slave man rebels ; and by thy virtue 
Set them into confoonding odda, that beasts 
May have the world in empire 1 

Apem. {coming forward] Wonld 'twere so ! — 
But not till I am ^ad. — I'll say thon'st gold : 
Thon wilt he throng'd to shortly. 

Tim. Throng'd to! 

Apem, Ay. 

rim. Thy back, I prithee. 

Apem. Live, and love thy misery I 

Tim. Long live so, and so die I lExit Apemantut.'] 1 am 
qnit.— ''^» 
More things like men ? — Eat, Timos, and abhor them.''^^ 

£nta' BandittL < 

Firtt Ban. Where should be have this gold ? It is some 
poor fragment, some slender ort of his remainder : the mere 
want of gold, and the &lling-from of bis friends,'^''* droTe him 
into tins' melancholy. 

Sec. Ban. It is noised he hath a mass of treasure. 

Third Ban. Let as make the assay npon bim : if be oare 
not for 't, he will supply ns easily ; if be covetously reserve it, 
how shall 's get it ? 

Sec. San. Trne ; for be bears it not about bim, 'tis bid. 

First Ban. Is not this he? 

Banditti. Where? 

iS'ec. Ban. 'Tia bis description. 

Tot. TI. 00 


663 TEMOM OP ATHENS. [icr n. 

Third Ban. He ; I know him. 

Banditti. Save thee, Timon. 

Tim. Now, thievea? 

Banditti. Soldiers, not thieves. 

Tim. Both too ; and women's sons. 

Banditti. We are not thieveB, but men that much do 

Tim. Your greatest want is, you want much of meat.""' 
Why shonld yon want ? Behold, the earth hath roots ; 
Within this mile break forth a hundred springs ; 
The oaks bear mast, the briers scarlet hips ; 
The bonnteons hoasewife, natnre, on each bash 
Lays her fall mess before yon. Want ! why want ? 

First Ban. We cannot liTe on grass, on berries, water, 
As beasts and birds and fishes. 

Tim. Nor on the beasts themselves, the birds, and fishes; 
Yon mnst eat men. Yet thanks I must yon con, 
That yon are thieves profess'd ; that you work not 
In holier shapes : for there is boimdleBS theft 
In limited professions. Bascal thieves. 
Here's gold. Go, suck the subtle blood o' the grape. 
Till the high fever seethe your blood to froth, 
And so scape hanging : tmst not the physician ; 
His antidotes are poison, and he ala^ 
More than yon rob : take wealth and lives together ; 
Do villany,*"" do, since yon protest"™ to do't. 
Like workmen. I'll example yon with thievery : 
The snn's a thief, and with his great attraction 
Bobs the vast sea : the moon's an arrant thief. 
And her pale fire she snatches firom the sun : 
The sea's a thief, whose liquid snrge resolves 
The moon into salt tears : the earth's a thief, 
That feeds and breeds by a compostnre stol'n 
From general excrement: each thing's a thief: 
The laws, yonr curb and whip, in their rongb power 
Have nncheck'd theft. Love not yonrselves : away. 
Bob one another. There's more gold. Cut throats ; 
All that yon meet are thieves. To Athens go : 
Break open shops ; nothing can you steal, but thieves 
Do lose it : steal not""" less for this I give yon; 


mcav* m.] TDtOH OF ATHENS. S63 

And gold confound joa howaoe'er ! Ames. 

[Timon retires to kU caic. 

Third Ban. 'Has almoHt charmed me from m; profession, 
b; persuading me to it. 

First Ban. 'Tis in the malice of mankind that he thns 
adviseB as ; not to have ns thrive in oar my Bt«ry. 

See. Ban. I'll believe him ae an enemy, and give over my 

First Ban. Let as first see peace in Athens : there is 
no''^' time so miserable bnt a man may be tme. 

[Exeunt Banditti. 
Enier Flavidb. 

Flav. yon gods ! 
Is yond despis'd and minons man my lord ? 
Fall of decay and &iling ? 

monament and wonder of good deeds 
Evilly bestow'd 1 

What an alteration of hononr 

Has desperate want made I 

"What viler thing upon the earth than &iende 

Who can bring noblest minds to baecBt ende ! 

How rarely does it meet with ^his time's guise, 

When man was wish'd to love his enemies ! 

Grant I may ever love, and rather woo 

Those that would mischief me than those that do I~ 

*Ha8 canght me in bis eye : I will present 

My honest grief nnto him ; and, as my lord, 

Still serve him with my life. 

Timon comee/oricard/rom hit cave. 
My dearest master ! 
Tim. Away I what art thoa? 

Flav. Have yon forgot me, sir? 

Tim. Why dost ask that? I have forgot all men ; 
Then, if thou grant'st thon'rt man,'"" I have forgot thee. 
Flav. An honest poor servant of yonrs. 
T\m. Then I know thee not :"^ 

1 ne'er had honest man abont me, I; 

All I kept were knaves, to serve-in meat to vilUinn. 
Flav. The gods are witness, ' 


G« TraON OP ATHEH8. [un it. 

Ne'er did poor steward wear a tnier grief 
For his nndone lord than mine eyes for yon. 

Tim, What, doBt thon weep? — come neiu«r; — then I h>Tfr 
Beeaase thou art a woman, and dieclaim'st 
Flinty mankind ; whose eyes do never give 
Bat thorongh Inst and laughter. Fi^'s sleeping : 
Strange times, that weep with langMng, not with weeping t 

Flav, I beg of yon to know me, good my lord, 
T' accept my grief, and, whilst this poor wealth lasts, 
To entertain me as year steward still. 

Tim. Had I a steward 
So true, so jnst, and now so comfortable ? 
It almost tnms my dangerons nature mild.^*" 
Let me behold thy &ce. Snrely, this man 
Was bom of woman. — 
Forgive my general and ezceptlees rashness. 
Yon"**' perpetnal-Bober gods ! I do proclaim"*" 
One honest man, — mistake me not, — bnt one ; 
No more, I pray, — and he's a steward. — 
How fain would I have hated all mankind ! 
And then redeem'st thyself: bnt all, save thee, 
I fell with carsee. 

Methinks thon art more honest now than wise ; 
For, by oppressing and betraying me, 
Thoa mightst have sooner got another service : 
For many so arrive at second masters. 
Upon their first lord's neck. Bnt tell me tme, — 
For I mnst ever doobt, thongh ne'er so sore, — 
Is not thy kindness snbtle-covetoas. 
If not a nsaring kindness,"^ and, as rich men deal gifts. 
Expecting in retnm twenty for one ? 

Flav. No, my most worthy master ; in whose breast 
Donbt and suspect, alas, are plac'd too late : 
Ton should have fear'd false times when yon did feast : 
Sospect still comes where***" an estate is least. 
That which I show, heaven knows, is merely love, 
Z>Dty and zeal to your nnmatched mind. 
Care of your food and living ; and, believe it, 
My most honour'd lord,'"*' 


aoKn I.] TDCON OP ATHENS. 566 

For any benefit that points to me, 

Eiiber is hope or present, I'd exchange"*" 

For this one wish, — that yoa had power and wealth 

To reqnite me, by making rich yoaraelf. 

Tim. Look thee, 'tis so ! — Thoa singly honest man, 
Here, take : — the gods, ont of my misery, 
Have sent thee treasure. Qo, live rich and happy, 
Bat thns condition'd : — thoa shalt boiid from men ; 
Hate all, corse all; show charity to none ; 
Bat let the bmiah'd flesh sUde from the booe. 
Ere thoo relieve the beggar : give to dogs 
What thou deoy'st to men ; let prisons swallow 'em, 
Debts witiier 'em to nothing : be men like blasted woods, 
And may diseases lick ap their false bloods ! 
And so, farewell, and thrive. 

FUw. 0, let me stay. 

And comfort yon, my master. 

Tim. If thoa bat'st 

'Canes, stay not ; fly, whilst thoa 'rt blessed and free : 
Ke'er see thoa nan, and let me ne'er see thee. 

[Exit Ftavitu. Timon retiret to hit cave. 


SOEKE I. The woods. Before Twoii'b cave. 
EiUer Poet and Painterjl*" Tikon tealehiag themjrom Am enif. 

Pain. As I took note of the place, it cannot be tax where 
he abides. 

Poet. What's to be thoughtof him? does the rnmoar hold 
for tme, that he's so fnll of gold 9 

Pain. Certain : Alcibiades reports it ; Fhrynia and Tim- 
Andra had gold of him : he likewise enriched poor straggling 
soldiers with great quantity : 'tie said he gave onto his steward 
a mighty snm. 


5e» TIUON OF ATHENS. [icit. 

Poet. Then thiB breakiiig of hie baa been bat a try fiir his 

Pain. Nothing else : you shall see him a palm in Athen* 
again, and flonrlBh with the highest. Therefore 'tis not amiss 
ire tender our loves to him, in this snpposed distreBS of his : 
it will show honestl; in ns ; and is very likely to load oar 
purposes witii what they travail for, if it be a jnst and tme 
report that goes of bis having. 

Poet. What have yon now to present nnto him? 

Pain. Nothing at this time bat my viBitation : only I will 
promise him an excellent piece. 

Poet. I must serve him so too, — tell him of an intent that's 
coming toward him. 

Pain. Good as the best. Promising is the very air o' the 
time ; it opens the eyes of expectation : performance is ever 
the duller for hie act ; and, bat in the plainer and simpler 
kind of people, the deed of saying is qnite out of ase. To 
piomiBO is most conrtly and fashionable : performance is a 
kind of will or testament which argnes a great sickness in 
his judgment that makes it. [Timon advances a little. 

Tim. [aside'] Excellent workman ! thon canst not paint a 
man so bad as la thyself. 

Poet. I am thinking what I shall say I have provided for 
him : it mast be a personating of himself ; a satire against 
the softness of prosperity, with a discovery of the infinite 
flatteries that follow yooth and opalency. 

Tim. [aside] Mast thoa needs stand for a villain in thine 
own work? wilt thoa whip thine own faalta in other men? 
Do so, I have gold for thee. 

Poet. Nay, let's seek him : 
Then do we sin against oar own estate, 
"When we may profit meet, and come too late. 

Pain. True; 
When tJie day serves, before black-comer'd night,"'" 
Find what thon want'st by free and offer'd light. 

Tim. [aside'] I'll meet you at the turn. — What a god's, 
That he itf worshipp'd in a baser temple 
Thau where swine feed I 



'lis thoQ that rigg'st the bark and ploogh'st the foam ; 

Settlest admired reverence in a slave : 

To thee be worship I""* and thy saints for aye 

Be crown'd with plagnes, that thee alone obey ! — 

Fit I meet them. ICotnea forward. 

Poet. Hail, worthy Timon ! 

Pain. Our late noble master t 

Tim. Have I once liv'd to see two honest men ? 

Po€t. Sir, 
Having often of yoar open bonnty tasted, 
Hearing yon were retir'd, your friends fall'n off. 
Whose thankless natures — abborrM spirits ! — 
Not all the whips of heaven are large enough — ^*^ 
What! to yon, 

Whose star-like nobleness gave life and inflaenoe 
To their whole being ! — I'm rapt, and cannot cover 
The monstrons balk of this ingratitude 
With any size of words. 

Tim. Let it go naked, men may see 't the better : 
YoQ that are honest, by being what you are, 
Make them best seen and known. 

Pain. He and myself 

Have travaii'd in the great shower of your gifts. 
And sweetly felt it. 

Tim. Ay, you're hoDest men. 

Pain. We're hither come to offer yoa our service. 

Tim. Most honest men ! Why, how shall I requite yon ? 
Can yoa eat roots, and drink cold water? no. 

Both. What we can do, we'll do, to do you service. 

Tim. Ye're honest men : ye've heard that I have gold ; 
I'm sure yon have : speak truth ; ye're honest men. 

Pain. So it is said, my noble lord : bnt therefore 
Came not my friend nor I. 

Tim. Good honest men 1 — Thon draw'at a counterfeit 
Best in all Athens : thon'rt, indeed, the best ; 
Thon counterfeit'Bt most lively. 

Pain. So, so, my lord. 

rim. E'en so, sir, as I say. — And, for thy fiction, 
Why, thy verse swells with stuff so fine and smooth, ^ 
That thou art even natural in thine art. — 


BU rotas OF athehb. [ui t. 

But, fot all this, my honest-natar'd Mends, 
I most needs say yon haTfl a little &nU : 
Many, 'tis not monBtrons in yon ; neither wish I 
Yon take mnch pains to mend. 

Both. Beseech yonr hononr 

To make it known to ns. 

Tim. Yon'U take it iU. 

Both. Moat thankfally, my lord. 

Tim. Will yoa, inde«d ? 

Both. Bonbt it not, worthy lord. 

Tim. There's ne'er a one of yon but tmats a knare, 
That mightily deeeives yoa. 

Both. Do we, my lord ? 

Tim. Ay, and yon hear him cog, see him dissemble, 
Know his gross patchery, love him, feed him,"*** . 
Keep in your bosom : yet remain assnr'd 
That he's a made-np villain. 

Pain. I know none snch, my lord. 

Poet. Kor I. 

Tim. Look yoa, I love yon well ; 111 give yoa gold. 
Bid me these vUlains from yoor companies : 
Hang them or stab them, drown them in a dranght. 
Confound them by some oonrse, and come to me, 
I'll give you gold enongh. 

Both. Name ^lem, my lord, let's know them. 

Tim. Yon that way, and yon this, — bnt two in com- 
pany :"•" 
Each man apart, all single and alone. 
Yet an arch-villain keeps him company.