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GEORGE C. GORDON LIBRARY 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 



WPI Journal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



AUGUST 1983 




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WPI J ournal 

' WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



VOLUME 87, NUMBER 1 



Staff of The WPI Journal 

Editor, Kenneth L. McDonnell 
Alumni Information Editor, Ruth S. Trask 

Alumni Publications Committee: Donald E. 
Ross, '54, chair; Robert C. Gosling, '68; Sam- 
uel W. Mencow, '37; Roger W. Miles, '69; 
Stanley P. Negus, Jr., '54; Judith Nitsch, 75. 

The WPI Journal (ISSN 0148-6128) is pub- 
lished quarterly for the WPI Alumni Associ- 
ation by Worcester Polytechnic Institute in co- 
operation with the Alumni Magazine Consor- 
tium, with editorial offices at the Johns Hop- 
kins University, Baltimore, MD 21218. Pages 
I-XVI are published for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium (Franklin and Marshall College, 
Hartwick College, Johns Hopkins University, 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute) and appear in the re- 
spective alumni magazines of those institu- 
tions. Second class postage paid at Worcester, 
MA, and additional mailing offices. Pages 1- 
12, 29-40 © 1983, Worcester Polytechnic In- 
stitute. Pages I-XVI © 1983, Johns Hopkins 
University. 

Staff of the Alumni Magazine Consortium: 

Editor, Elise Hancock; Business Manager, 
Robert Hewes; Production Coordinator, Wendy 
Williams-Hauck; Managing Editor, Mary Ruth 
Yoe; Designer, Allen Carroll; Magazine Fel- 
low, Pat Rushin; Senior Writer, Robert Kanigel; 
Editorial Assistant, Edward C. Ernst. 

Advisory Board for the Alumni Magazine Con- 
sortium: Franklin and Marshall College, Ger- 
ald Eckert and Judy Durand; Hartwick Col- 
»e, Philip Benoit and Merrilee Gomillion; 
Johns Hopkins University, B. J. Norris and 
Elise Hancock; Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Lynn Holley and Robert M. Whitaker; 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Kenneth L. 
McDonnell. 

Acknowledgments: Typesetting, Foto- 
Typesetters, Inc.; Printing, John D. Lucas 
Printing Company; Mailing, Circular Adver- 
tising Company. 

Diverse views on subjects of public interest are 
presented in the magazine. These views do not 
necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors 
or official policies of WPI. Address corre- 
spondence to the Editor, The WPI Journal, 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 
01609. Telephone (617) 793-5609. Postmaster: 
If undeliverable please send form 3579 to the 
address above. Do not return publication. 



AUGUST 1983 



CONTENTS 



4 Reunion '83 Revisited 

A close look at a record-breaking weekend 
in June — when even the weather cooperated. 

7 WPI Women: Different? Maybe. 
Making a Difference? Yes! 

Women are making great strides in engineering 
and science. An alumna and several students 
offer their perspectives on this healthy trend. 
Judith Nitsch, '75 CE 

I Industry: New Face on Campus 
Industry needs academic know-how, 
academe needs industrial support. 
What are the costs ? 
Elise Hancock 

X How many rations make a decoration? 

The answer, with other bits of knowledge, 
is found in an eccentric conversion table. 
Solomon W. Golomb 

XII The Placebo Effect 

Sugar pills, injections of salt solution — 
placebos should have no medical effect. 
But often they do. 
Robert Kanigel 

29 Alumni Profiles: Steve Donahue, '29 

After 45 years at the helm of WPFs 
news bureau, this veteran Worcester 
newsman retires — for the third time. 

Departments 

News from the Hill 2 

Class Notes 30 

Completed Careers 39 

Regional Club Contacts Inside back cover 



Page 4 



k 



Page 7 



Page X 



f 



Page 29 



Cover illustration by Jeff Goodby. Opposite: Reunion balloons. 
Photo by Marvin Richmond. 



AUGUST 1983 



NEWS FROM THE HILL 



The Plan Gets 
Faculty Endorsement 

Following extensive, point-by-point dis- 
cussion over a year-long period, the WPI 
faculty has reaffirmed its commitment to 
the WPI Plan, the project- and compe- 
tency-based undergraduate academic 
program instituted in 1970. 

William R. Grogan, '46, Dean of Un- 
dergraduate Studies, says that the early 
May endorsement, coming after some 37 
meetings of the Committee on Academic 
Policy (CAP) and several faculty and pub- 
lic forums, is especially meaningful. For 
of the current 185 voting professors, more 
than 120 joined the faculty after 1970, and 
a majority came as the result of growth 
of the college rather than through attri- 
tion. 

Just as important, says Grogan, the re- 
ratified Plan incorporates essentially the 
same educational priorities put into effect 
in 1970, including the school's unique em- 
phasis on the human side of technological 
education. Specifically, the Plan empha- 
sizes two professional-level project and 
research activities, flexible curricula, con- 
centrated study in the humanities, devel- 
opment of personal initiative and lead- 
ership skills, as well as extensive practice 
in written and oral communication. Fi- 
nally, through a senior year competency 
examination, or "comp," the Plan tests 
students' ability in their major field of 
study. 

According to Grogan, the comp has long 
been perhaps the most controversial thread 
of the overall fabric of the Plan. A num- 
ber of faculty and students, he says, feel 
the comp has grown into "an excessively 
dominant force in the academic, profes- 
sional and personal lives of many stu- 
dents." This concern, he says, led to long 
and passionate discussion in the past year's 
CAP and faculty meetings. In the final 
vote, however, proposals for replace- 
ments for the comp, such as an integrative 
senior seminar, were turned down, keep- 
ing the competency exam concept in place. 




President Edmund T. Cranch (I.) and Robert F. Reeves, Vice President for Student 
Affairs, outline campus plan recommendations at Spring Alumni Council Meeting. 



But Grogan sees the comp as an on- 
going source of significant campus-wide 
concern, one which warrants a continual 
dialogue among faculty, students and ad- 
ministrators. 

Similarly, a great deal of campus dis- 
cussion has focused on the academic 
standards imposed by the Accreditation 
Board for Engineering and Technology 
(ABET), the key accrediting agency of 
U.S. engineering colleges. Specifically, a 
recent ABET study of the Plan voiced 
concern over the amount of work in the 
basic sciences required under the Plan for 
the bachelor's degree in the various fields 
of engineering. (ABET does not accredit 
science and mathematics programs.) 

In responding to the ABET guidelines, 
the faculty approved broad area distri- 
bution requirements, not to exceed 10 of 
the 16 units of study possible in a four- 



year program. Each department may for- 
mulate its own specific unit and distri- 
bution requirements by areas, rather than 
by specific courses, subject to faculty ap- 
proval. 

For example, in chemical engineering 
the faculty has approved a minimum 10 
units (including the project in the major 
field) as follows: IVi in mathematics, 1% 
in basic science, 5 in engineering science 
and design and 1% in advanced chemistry. 

In essence, then, the concepts under- 
lying the Plan have merited the resound- 
ing approval of today's faculty, more than 
half of whom had not been part of the 
original discussions on this approach to 
scientific and engineering education. 
What's more, the mechanics of the pro- 
gram will remain intact, pending future 
ABET review as well as ongoing discus- 
sion among the WPI community. In Gro- 



2 WPI JOURNAL 



gan's view, this dialogue is a "healthy, 
essential element of the evolution and re- 
finement of the WPI Plan." 

Campus Blueprint 
Stresses Student Life 

Recent capital projects at WPI — like the 
renovations of Atwater Kent Laborato- 
ries, Salisbury Labs and Washburn Build- 
ing — have addressed the need to maintain 
and enhance the school's academic integ- 
rity. Now that these programs are com- 
pleted or well under way, what's next? 

Chief targets of capital projects in the 
near future, says a Boston architectural 
and planning firm, should be the several 
elements of campus life — residential, rec- 
reational and social space, as well as prac- 
tical matters like parking and physical plant 
services. 

Earlier this year, after an eight-month 
study of the WPI campus, including fre- 
quent consultation with administrative, 
faculty and student committees. Earl R. 
Flansburgh & Associates, Inc., presented 
a view of a revitalized campus — one that 
can more readily accommodate the needs 
of WPI's 3,500 students, as well as its fac- 
ulty, staff and visitors. 

According to Robert F. Reeves, Vice 
President for Student Affairs, who headed 
the WPI planning team, as WPI's enroll- 
ment has grown, campus housing has be- 
come increasingly inadequate. Today, 
there are on-campus accommodations for 
just 900, supplemented by fraternity 
housing for 500. Thus, there can be tre- 
mendous pressure on students to locate 
lodgings in apartments or houses near 
campus. Added to this, Reeves says, the 
national trend toward greater on-campus 
living makes future housing and dining 
facilities the school's primary capital im- 
provement need. 

Beyond lodging and dining accommo- 
dations, Flansburgh established the fol- 
lowing possible responses to guide WPI's 
growth into the 1990s: 

Upgrading of Morgan and Daniels Halls. 
Greater space for lounges, kitchenettes 
and study rooms; carpeting; better light- 
ing; new, movable furniture. 

Renovation and upgrading of athletic 
fields. Presently inadequate for the vastly 
increased demand for year-round recre- 
ation facilities and varsity, club and in- 
tramural sports. Improvements include 
reorganization of soccer and baseball fields; 
installation of an all-weather track and 
football field; better lighting; additional 
tennis courts. 



New central services facility. Now frag- 
mented in location, the various functions 
that maintain the physical plant should be 
consolidated near the nonresidential, non- 
academic edge of campus. 

New campus center. A major compo- 
nent of quality student life. Proposed is a 
new building, centrally located and con- 
taining student services, book store, mail 
office, snack bar, game rooms, etc., as 
well as much-needed conference and 
project rooms. 

Second new dormitory. 

New and relocated parking. To meet 
current demand and projected needs cre- 



ated by new dormitory and campus cen- 
ter. 

Renovation of the Quadrangle. To com- 
plete the greening of the campus (a proj- 
ect that began a decade ago) and to rein- 
state the campus's original beauty. 

While these proposals will receive fur- 
ther WPI analysis of their financial fea- 
sibility and compatibility with the long- 
term mission of the school, they are de- 
signed, says the Flansburgh report, to 
"maintain the desired, established rela- 
tionship of campus life, while suggesting 
modifications that will enhance the insti- 
tution and its learning experience." 




WPI Takes Four More CASE Awards 



Pictured at the construction site of the 
current Washburn Shops renovation are 
members of the WPI University Relations 
staff whose superior performance in the 
field of institutional advancement has 
won nationwide recognition through the 
Council for the Advancement and Sup- 
port of Education (CASE). They are (from 
left to right): Deborah A. Scott, Assistant 
Alumni Director; Charlotte M. Wharton, 
Graphic Designer; Roger N. Perry, Di- 
rector of Public Relations; Lois S. Mur- 
ray, Director of Planned Giving; Sharon 
C. Davis, Managing Director of the 
Alumni Fund; Denise R. Rodino, De- 
velopment Officer; and Stephen J. He- 
bert. Alumni Director. Absent from the 



photo is Thomas J. Denney, former Vice 
President for University Relations, who 
in June became Vice Chancellor for De- 
velopment and Alumni Affairs at Wash- 
ington University, St. Louis. 

WPI was honored recently with CASE 
awards for exceptional achievement in the 
following areas: Improvement in Finan- 
cial Support, Direct Mail for Financial 
Support, Matching Gift Programs, and 
Special Events, the latter a public exhibit 
for the Robert Goddard Centennial Cel- 
ebration, entered jointly with Clark Uni- 
versity. Our hats are off to these folks — 
and to our alumni, whose support of WPI 
programs continues to receive such highly 
acclaimed CASE recognition! 



AUGUST 1983 




^m Bill — 




The Class of 1933's 50th Reunion 
Committee (above) consisted of 
(from left): Thomas E. Decker, 
John J. Dwyer, Edwin L. John- 
son, Robert E. Ferguson, R. Nor- 
man Clark, Warren C. Saltmarsh, 
Allen L. Brownlee and George 
W. Lyman. 




Pictured above are four 1983 
alumni award recipients. In the 
front row (from left): Dr. George 
A. Cowan, '41, winner of the 
Robert H. Goddard A ward for 
outstanding professional achieve- 
ment. Alumni President Peter H. 
Horstmann, '55 and Goddard 
winner S. Bailey Norton, '43. 
Back row (from left): WP1 Presi- 
dent Edmund T Cranch, God- 
dard winner Earl G. Page, '43 
and Edwin C. Campbell, '43, 
winner of the Herbert F. Taylor 
Award for service to WPI. Danc- 
ing at right are Dr. Edward H. 
Peterson, '43 and his wife, Bev. 



WPI JOURNAL 



■^H??t!SSi?B!? 



The 1983 General Reunion 
Luncheon (left) at Harrington 
Auditorium. Dr. David S. Crim- 
mins, '58 (below) announces his 
class's 25th-reunion gift of 
$147,291. The Classes of '43 and 
'33 made gifts of $67,496 and 
$104,939 respectively. 




Two generations of service (left): 
Gregory W. Backs trom, '70, win- 
ner of the John Boynton A ward 
for outstanding service by a 
young alumnus to WPI, and his 
dad, Carl, '30, past recipient of 
the Herbert F. Taylor award for 
distinguished service to WPI. Be- 
low: the 25th-reunion class of 
1958. Right: outgoing Alumni As- 
sociation President Peter H. 
Horstmann, '55 (center) and his 
wife, Barbara, receive thanks 
from his successor, Harry W. 
Tenney, Jr., '56. 




If you were on the Hill in June 
for Reunion '83, you'll recall a 
weekend full of the events pic- 
tured here — get-togethers to 
renew friendships, tours and 
mini-courses to provide a close 
look at campus changes and di- 
rections for the next decade, 
moments to reflect on your 
years at WPI and times since. 
Alumni families returned in 
record numbers; leadership of 
the Alumni Association passed 
from Pete Horstmann, '55, to 
Harry Tenney, Jr., '56; and the 
weather cooperated for all but 
Saturday morning. 



AUGUST 1983 5 



Five members of the Class of 
1958 (right) are (from left): Rob- 
ert J. Boyea, Stanley W. Grave- 
line, Peter Ottowitz, Robert S. 
Jenkins and Howard O. Painter, 
Jr. Far right: Accepting the Class 
of 1917 attendance trophy from 
Alumni Secretary-Treasurer 
Stephen J. Hebert, 66 (right) is 
George W. Lyman, '33. Fifty-three 
percent of his class attended 
reunion. Below: The 40th-reunion 
class of 1943. 




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At right is the 50th-reunion class 

of 1933. Below right are three 

members of the Class of 1938 

(from left): Richard F. Burke, 

Jr.. Albert J. Kullas and Leo J. 

Cronin. Below left: 1963 's Class 

President. William C. Zinno 

(right), still can't figure out his 

Reunion Chairman's (Alfred A. 

Molinari, Jr.) Clambake act. 



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if' gag 

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WPI JOURNAL 



WPI Women: 
Different? Maybe. 

Making a Difference? Yes ! 



by Judith Nitsch, 75 CE 

WPI women: Are we normal? 
Normal isn't the right word. 
Perhaps I should ask, are we 
different? Different from what? (or whom?) 
one then asks. Different from other women, 
and different from other engineers and 
scientists, I suppose. 

Let's first look at some synonyms for 
normal: regular, analogical, ordinary, 
natural, usual, according to the rule. 

How about different? Distinct, sepa- 
rate, other, nonidentical, not the same, 
unlike, dissimilar, various, diverse, con- 
trary, variant, deviating, divergent, in- 
compatible, discrepant, various, hetero- 
geneous, perpendicular (perpendicular?!). 
Everyone I know would fit these descrip- 
tions, except maybe the last. 

We are normal. Normal engineers. 
Normal women. But normal woman en- 
gineers? No, no two are alike, but we are 
similar. More on this later. 

I remember saying, as I set foot on cam- 
pus as a freshman, that it finally felt great 
not to be "different" and to be accepted 
for what I am. I was first in my high school 



class, and in high school the "smart" stu- 
dents were always outside the top cliques. 
This meant a lot then. I think I missed 
out on some of the fun and sometimes 
daring things my schoolmates did. Maybe 
I was too practical then. Anyway, at WPI 
I was like all the others in terms of aca- 
demic achievement, and I made up for 
some of the lost time from high school. 
(As a freshman, my grades showed it, but 
I straightened out for the duration.) 

As I contemplated writing on whether 
WPI women are different from anyone 
else, my initial reaction to this question 



was, "No, we're like everyone else." But 
I can't now say that with conviction. 

Yes, we're certainly women, and, yes, 
we have engineering/scientific educa- 
tions. We share many characteristics with 
other women and with other technical 
professionals. But unquestionably, we also 
have our differences. We are conspicuous 
by our small numbers in a traditionally 
male-dominated field. And our choice of 
career fields is what sets us distinctly apart 
from most other women. 

Now this element of separateness — from 
our colleagues and other women — is not 
necessarily all bad. But frankly, some- 
times it's a pain. On my first job after 
college, for example, I had no one to lunch 




with. The surveyors and other engineers 
(all men) ate together, and management 
went out to lunch together, so I brown- 
bagged it and read at my desk. 

A couple of years ago. at a Society of 
Women Engineers (SWE) conference. 
"Betty Vetter. of the Scientific Manpower 
Commission, spoke on opportunities for 
women in science and engineering. She 
stated the case succinctly: "Women will 
continue to work for equal opportunity 
with men in their chosen fields. They will 
know they have reached that equality when 
they are given the same right to be me- 
diocre and still advance that men have." 

I can chuckle at such an idea, but I don't 
believe it is intended as a criticism of men. 
When women engineers are considered 
by their male counterparts as equal 
professionally, much of the pressure on 
women to never make mistakes will, like 
magic, vanish. But as long as women en- 
gineers remain the exception rather than 



the rule, the pressures and the differences 
between the sexes will continue. A chicken- 
and-egg issue, perhaps? 

We employ a woman co-op student from 
Wentworth Institute of Technology at our 
office. Unquestionably, she is the excep- 
tion to the stereotypical woman profes- 
sional. She is very smart, as well as per- 
sonable, down-to-earth, dedicated and a 
fun person to be around. Frankly, we 
would love to have a few more engineers 
like her in the company — women and men! 
She may make the grade steeper for fu- 
ture women engineers, however, because 
she is typecast as "typical" by the men in 
the office, yet by widespread standards 
she is the exceptional woman and the ex- 
emplary engineer. 

According to John P. van Alstyne. 
Dean of Academic Advising at 
k.WPI. and a key figure in an in- 
formal support structure for women on 



campus, WPI women are becoming more 
"normal" with every class. Ten years ago, 
when the classes of 1973 to 1976 were on 
campus, the women in these classes were 
disproportionately grouped in the top third 
of their classes academically.) I should add 
that these classes included all the first 
women graduates of WPI except Leslie 
Small Zorabedian, '72. WPI's first female 
graduate. In the class of 1987, women will 
comprise fully 20 percent of an enrollment 
of more than 2,400.) 

Today, women are spread more evenly 
throughout their classes on an academic 
basis. This makes life for women at WPI 
much more amicable because the academ- 
ically average women do not experience 
such intense pressure to "keep up" with 
the other, more gifted or more ambitious 
women. What's more, male students do 
not seem to regard the women as "super- 
smart" but as similar to themselves aca- 
demically. (Incidentally. Leslie had a 3.9 



"I Wouldn't 
Want to be 
Hired Simply 
Because I'm 
a Woman" 



Before she can settle into a consult- 
ing post at Boston's Arthur Ander- 
sen & Company, the accounting firm. 
Maureen Sexton, '83 CS. has a few de- 
tails to work out. As Peddler editor, she 
has to wrap up publication of this year's 
edition — no trivial task. Then she's off 
to the British Isles to search out her 
Irish heritage. Finally, later this sum- 
mer, she'll begin at Andersen as a com- 
puter systems consultant. 

Consulting. Maureen says, should al- 
low her to experience a full range of 
problems and opportunities for applying 
computer technology. "And since I'll be 
helping organizations use the computer 
as a tool. I'll be right where I want to 
be — working at the interface of people 
and technology." 

Affirmative action quotas, she be- 
lieves, can give entry-level women an 
edge over the competition, "but they 
aren't a sure formula for success — for 




Maureen Sexton, '83: she'll be helping people and computers get along better. 



either the individual or the firm. I'd 
hate to think the job was mine for rea- 
sons other than my qualifications." 

Beyond middle-level management, 
however, she feels that promotions for 
women are often harder to come by 
than for men with similar credentials. 
But the fact that so many women even- 
tually leave the job force for their fam- 
ily may influence their firms' promotion 
practices, she concedes. 

On campus, she believes the tradi- 
tionally male-dominated fields like engi- 
neering may intimidate women students 
more than the sciences or mathematics. 
Still, she savs. as more women become 



professionals, "all we really want is for 
our performance to open doors — as it 
does for men — rather than having doors 
opened for us because we are women." 

Maureen, who grew up in East Hart- 
ford, has performed rather well at WPI. 
A member of the Skull, Tau Beta Pi 
and Upsilon Pi Epsilon, the computer 
science honor society, she points to the 
widening achievements of women at the 
Institute — president of the class of '83, 
feature editor of Newspeak, and presi- 
dent of Tau Beta Pi. 

Not bad. you might say, for an engi- 
neering school which first admitted 
women only 15 years ago. 



8 WPI JOURNAL 



average and was first in her class at WPI.) 

When I asked Dean van A if he thought 
WPI women were different, he replied, 
"Most definitely, because people won't 
let you be the same as others, and that 
scares me for a couple of reasons." First, 
a big problem women engineers face, he 
contends, is that they are playing a role 
that most people don't expect them to 
play, and thus it's very hard for others to 
regard them as normal — they are atypical 
of women. Second, he believes that peo- 
ple outside the professions still think 
women only get ahead by the "on-their- 
back" means or because they are a "brain" 
and therefore a social misfit. "They won't 
let women engineers be real people." 

He goes on, "Women are the only 'hu- 
man' engineers. They are often devoted 
to their company, but many also want to 
have a family and don't want to leave their 
children. It's these mixed feelings so many 
women seem to have trouble handling." 

In 1971, he recalls, he spoke to a mem- 
ber of the 50-year reunion class who was 
concerned about two unmarried female 
electrical engineers in his firm. These 
women were first-rate engineers, the 
alumnus reported; they had an innate sense 
of responsibility to get the job done right, 
and they usually completed projects in a 
shorter amount of time than their male 
colleagues. At 5 p.m. each day the male 
engineers would go home to their fami- 
lies, but the women engineers would lit- 
erally take their projects home. "They 
wanted to get it right," said the alumnus, 
who worried because he didn't think this 
situation was fair to these women. 

At the April 1983 annual conference 
co-sponsored by the Boston Section SWE 
and the Association of Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology (MIT) Alumnae. 
Suzanne Peck of Honeywell, Inc., pre- 
faced her remarks by asking the 260 women 
present to raise their hands if they were 
an only child or were first-born. An as- 
tonishing number of hands — at least 85 
percent — shot up! Ms. Peck was not sur- 
prised. She said that we as women went 
into a "different" field because we were 
accustomed to responsibility. (In theory, 
the only child has no one with whom to 
share the chores, and the eldest of many 
families is "in charge" more often than 
not. We were encouraged to seek an- 
swers, a key element, it is argued, in dis- 
couraging the fear of making mistakes or 
of being different.) 

Furthermore, we expect to be taken 
along. (The only child goes everywhere 
with her parents and is seldom left be- 
hind; when the only child becomes the 



"Performance Is All That 
Should Really Count" 



Bound for graduate school at Iowa 
State University, Nancy Fortier, '83 
CH, sees no reason to hesitate as she 
prepares further for an industrial career 
in chemistry. 

Nancy was the 1983 recipient of the 
American Institute of Chemists Award, 
given at commencement to the out- 
standing senior chemistry student. Her 
special interest in high-performance liq- 
uid chromatography has applications in 
industry (for example, identifying and 
removing radioactive waste from water). 

"I've never perceived any resentment 
over my academic success by the male 
students in my classes," she said re- 
cently. "And I don't expect sexual harass- 
ment in grad school or industry." The 
Hampden, MA, graduate believes that 
hard work — not affirmative-action 
measures — is what will enable her to 
advance in a field that is attracting more 



and more women. In fact, she says, em- 
ployment quotas for women, minorities 
and the handicapped can be non-pro- 
ductive for the employer if such guide- 
lines ignore ability to perform. 

As increasing numbers of women en- 
ter the work force, especially in non- 
traditional professions, she predicts that 
their male colleagues will come to ac- 
cept women as "equal," though for 
some men the process of change will be 
more painful than for others. She ac- 
cepts things as they are and intends to 
encourage other women who may ques- 
tion themselves in a career. 

Right now, Nancy hasn't begun to 
consider the family-career decision, but 
she knows that someday she'll have to 
face it. "A family and children are al- 
ways in the back of my mind," she 
adds, "but for now, grad school and my 
career are most important." 



elder or eldest, she is still the first to ex- 
periment with new activities and ideas, 
unless she wants to be outshone by her 
younger siblings.) In short, we don't shirk 
responsibility, and we expect to get it. 

In discussing this concept with Paula 
Fragassi Delaney, 76 BB, we realized that 
most of our women classmates fitted this 
description, or else they were from a very 
large family. (Paula is the eldest of three 
daughters, and I am the second of seven.) 
I asked Paula if she thought WPI women 
differed greatly from other women engi- 
neers and scientists. 

"Yes," she replied, "simply because the 
sum total of our educational experience 
is different from the traditional 
approach to education. We were 
learning with men, 



were taught by men and were trained to 
be problem solvers and team players. In 
our project work at WPI, we developed 
topics based on someone else's project, 
and our projects in turn led to someone 
else's. So we have more experience on a 
practical level. I really believe our edu- 
cation was different." 




AUGUST 1983 



"Opportunities For 
Women Abound" 



When Anne Madara, 76 MA, grad- 
uated from WPI, she first thought 
she might go on to graduate school. In- 
stead, she opted for "a taste of the real 
world," and went into industry. She 
hasn't regretted that decision. 

Anne joined Polaroid Corporation as 
an evaluation (quality control) engineer 
in the firm's New Bedford, MA, plant. 
"I really enjoyed the job," she says, 
"but it led me into other areas. I had to 
interface with the systems department 
and discovered that systems was a ca- 
reer I wanted to explore." 

Polaroid is an open company, Anne 
reports. Whenever a new job is avail- 
able, anyone may apply for it, and 
being a woman may be an advantage. 
Industry, she believes, is always looking 
for qualified women to fill key posts. 

After spending two years in systems, 



Anne discovered the company was 
looking for someone to run a data pro- 
cessing training program. 

"It was different from anything I'd 
done before," she says. "I didn't know 
exactly what I was getting into, but I 
had the confidence to try. WPI had 
helped instill that confidence with its 
project requirements." 

Anne has encountered little sexual 
prejudice in industry. Recently she was 
promoted to senior systems analyst sup- 
porting Polaroid's Technical and Indus- 
trial Photographic division in Waltham. 
There, Anne's task is to upgrade inven- 
tory systems. Last summer Polaroid sent 
Anne to observe systems at their plant 
in Scotland. 

And for the future? "I may still go on 
to graduate school," she reveals. "But I 
don't plan to give up my job!" 



WPI's mission, she said — to address both 
the technical and humanistic elements of 
engineering and scientific education — met 
her career and personal needs. The Plan, 
the embodiment of this mission, "has 
helped me not only in my job [Assistant 
Registrar of Nichols College], but in 
everything I do. I know enough to ask 
questions. I know how to ask the right 
questions. And I know that if I search 
long enough, I'll find the answers. I use 
this in my work in higher education. I 
understand the importance of how the 
learning experience should affect, mold 
and shape one's entire life." 

Regarding WPI women, continued 
Paula, "We were better able to handle 
different things than other women in our 
high schools, especially the academics. 
Before WPI, we were among the best in 
our high schools. At WPI we were sur- 
rounded by classmates, men and women, 
as well prepared academically as we were, 
and therefore we didn't feel out of place. 
Now that we're out, we seem to be able 
to solve things and handle problems more 
easily. Upon reflection, I realize how spe- 
cial my education really was." 

I asked a colleague of mine, Sarah Si- 
mon (MIT, 72), whether as women en- 
gineers, we are different. "At the risk of 
sounding boastful," she said, "I think we 
are incredibly self-motivated, compared 
to male engineers. We had a sense of our- 




selves when we were in high school and 
a sense of where we wanted to go, es- 
pecially compared to other engineers and 
to other women." 

Women starting in engineering today, 
she believes, are in an era in which the 
doors aren't shut as tightly as they once 
were. "We have a lot more going for us." 



Fifteen years ago, she went on, women 
had to ignore the inequalities present then 
in order to become engineers. So in many 
ways, they felt they needed to be better 
prepared than their male counterparts. 
Later, women found it easier to believe 
things weren't different. "It's not as dif- 
ficult now for women to become engi- 
neers — and to be average engineers. At 
least that's what we keep hoping!! Even 
though we are all individuals, our expe- 
riences are not really that different." 

Anni Autio, '82 CE, added, "Things 
are more relaxed now for women at WPI. 
You don't have to be super-intelligent." 

Differences among us certainly ex- 
ist by virtue of our individuality, 
but are we the same in any way? 
Or are we seen through undiscriminating 
eyes? In her book, Men and Women of 
the Corporation, Rosabeth Kanter re- 
ports on minority (women, blacks, the 
handicapped, etc.) infiltration into groups. 
She found that when a 65:35 ratio existed, 
a critical mass had been reached; the ma- 
jority perceived the minority members as 
individuals, and the minority group was 
simply a type differentiated from the ma- 
jority. However, at up to an 85:15 ratio, 
the dominant members weren't comfort- 
able and the minority members were often 
treated as representatives of their cate- 
gory and as symbols rather than as indi- 
viduals. 

She wrote: "The life of women in the 
corporation was influenced by the pro- 
portions in which they found themselves. 
Those women who were few in number 
among male peers and often had 'only 
woman' status became tokens: symbols of 
how-women-can-do, stand-ins for all 
women. Sometimes they had the advan- 



10 WPI JOURNAL 



tages of those who are "different" and 
thus were highly visible in a system where 
success is tied to becoming known. Some- 
times they faced the loneliness of the out- 
sider, of the stranger who intrudes upon 
an alien culture and may become self-es- 
tranged in the process of assimilation. In 
any case, their turnover and 'failure rate' 
were known to be much higher than those 
of men in entry and early-grade posi- 
tions." (p. 206) 

In my professional experience, it seems 
that men seldom are aware of what women 
as the minority sex in most business en- 
vironments may feel. I have never met 
another woman civil engineer in a profes- 
sional situation, though admittedly civil is 
probably one of the last male engineering 



strongholds. The only other woman en- 
gineers I have met are WPI friends and 
colleagues from the Society of Women 
Engineers. 

While in school, I worked during va- 
cations for a small civil engineering/land 
surveying company. Miraculously, there 
was one other woman engineering student 
at the firm in a similar capacity. When I 
began my current job we employed a 
woman co-op student, but I have never 
worked in an office with another full-time 
woman engineer. 

The numbers are startling. At May 
1983 Commencement, 73 women, 
or 18 percent, were among the 
more than 400 students graduating in the 



class of 1983. Of these women, 50 (or 68 
percent) graduated with civil, electrical, 
mechanical or chemical engineering de- 
grees. My 1975 class of similar size grad- 
uated just 22 women, 8 of us (or 36 per- 
cent) in engineering. No woman 
mechanical engineers graduated that year, 
but ME, with 20 women, had the highest 
number of women in 1983. While Ann 
McPartland Dodd was the only woman, 
electrical engineering major graduating in 
1975, there were 17 in 1983. 

These figures confirm one of Dean van 
A's observations of the shifting role of 
women at WPI. Women in the early classes 
were mostly math and science majors and 
normally ranked in the top third of their 
class. In those days, the smartest women 



WPI Women In Dual-Career Marriages: 
Their Roles as Wives and Professionals 



Beginning in pre-industrial, agrarian 
America, through the Industrial 
Revolution, World Wars I and II, the 
sedate Fifties, the turbulent Sixties and 
Seventies, and into the Eighties, the 
married woman's role in the workplace 
has been a roller-coaster ride of unprec- 
edented scope. In their recent Interac- 
tive Qualifying Project, Daila Blaus, '84 
CM, and Michele Bugbee, '84 CM, 
traced this saga and surveyed WPI 
women graduates involved in an in- 
creasingly widespread and vital phe- 
nomenon — the dual-career marriage. 

When male labor was scarce (as dur- 
ing war), before products for the home 
were factory-produced, and when facto- 
ries have needed skilled labor to mass- 
produce a host of traditionally home- 
made products, like clothing and soaps, 
women's labor has been essential to the 
nation's economy. 

But when women returned to the 
home to manage the family and the 
household, as in the early 1900s and 
later in the postwar Fifties, their pres- 
ence in the workplace tended to take on 
less importance. Yet child-rearing and 
managing the home left many women 
deeply bored and depressed and at odds 
with their innate need for self-realiza- 
tion and identity. 

Today, according to feminist Susan 
Bolotin, the two traditionally prized fe- 
male occupations — childbearing and 
homemaking — are no longer economi- 



cally valued. For most women, working 
outside the home is not a luxury, but a 
fact of life . 

In their study, Daila and Michele sur- 
veyed two groups of WPI women grad- 
uates of the classes of 1973 and '74, and 
1978 and '79. They hypothesized that 
the older group, products of the more 
radical 1960s, would prove more inde- 
pendent, choosing to share traditional 
female roles with their husbands, and 
juggling child-rearing and career devel- 
opment simultaneously. The team be- 
lieved that the younger group, on the 
other hand, products of the less activist 
early Seventies, would exhibit more 
family-oriented preferences, abandoning 
the unfinished campaign of the women's 
movement begun more than a decade 
earlier. 

The results of their study, however, 
uncover mixed behaviors in both groups 
and point to the difficulty in stereotyp- 
ing such diverse groups of women, re- 
gardless of their ages. 

Women in each group felt secure in 
their decision to either remain at home 
with their family or continue their 
professional endeavors. However, group 
1 tended to remain at home, while 
group 2, the younger women, were 
more willing to seek work outside the 
home. At the same time, group 1 felt a 
greater need to care for the home and 
children than did group 2, who were 
more willing to continue working at 



least part-time while letting others help 
care for their children. 

Both groups expressed a firm willing- 
ness to sacrifice free time to spend with 
their husbands and children; and a com- 
mon comment was, "Motherhood is the 
most important thing in my life." Fur- 
thermore, most women believed their 
husbands shared their commitment to 
teamwork. 

In planning a career, both groups 
tended to place family considerations 
above their professions. 

Perhaps the greatest difference be- 
tween the groups appeared in the divi- 
sion of household labor between wife 
and husband. Husbands in group 2 
tended to take on more household 
chores, like cleaning, than those in 
group 1. Still, women did most of the 
cooking in both groups. 

Partners in both groups seemed 
equally committed to a sharing of finan- 
cial responsibilities and family emo- 
tional support. The belief that family 
bonds strengthen when both partners 
work outside the home was common. 

Finally, in both groups women re- 
ported experiencing widespread profes- 
sional discrimination — subtle rather than 
direct. Men, many women said, are re- 
spected and promoted much more 
quickly on the job than women. Said 
one respondent, "For women, it takes 
more years of service to be considered a 
'company man.'" 



AUGUST 1983 



11 



"For Women, The Choices 
May Be Harder." 




ii A ctually," recalls Leslie Small 

XJLZorabedian, 72 MA, "two of 
us entered as freshmen that first year, 
1968. But since she dropped out and I 
remained, I suppose I am the first 
woman WPI graduate." 

As you might imagine, a folklore has 
emerged over the last decade around 
the woman who, in her own word, 
"crashed" venerable old, all-male WPI. 
Sorority pledges, for example, must still 
know her name as part of their rites of 
initiation. 

Consider her times. The late Sixties 
were a period of national awakening to 
events and values previously beyond the 
realm of widespread debate, now be- 
come issues of violent protest, largely at 
campuses across the country. 

Enter, in the middle of all this — an 
unpopular war, students' rights demon- 
strations, the women's movement, the 
early years of the WPI Plan — young 
Leslie Small, valedictorian of the Spen- 
cer, MA, high school, who'd grown up 
on a farm, whose dad, before he died, 
often said how nice it'd be if Leslie 
could go to "Tech" as sons Jim, '70, 
and Lester, '67, had. One gets the dis- 
tinct impression that in entering WPI as 
its first woman, hers was not a radical 
act. "I thought WPI was the best. I just 
wanted an excellent education. Ac- 
tually, I was asked to apply." 

Leslie Small left her mark here, not 
through protest, but through the excel- 
lence of her work and her positive con- 



tribution to campus life. She served Tau 
Beta Pi as its first woman president and 
was a member of the Skull. 

"That first semester was lonely," she 
recalls, "mostly because I commuted 
and didn't get too involved socially." 
She earned straight As that fall. "I 
wanted to be accepted for my work, not 
because I'm a woman." 

It was during class elections that she 
met Jack Zorabedian, '75, a candidate. 
They married several years later, when 
they were both on sound career paths, 
he at General Electric, she at New 
York Telephone near Albany. 

Leslie and Jack didn't escape the 
pressures of a dual-career marriage. 
"Always there are the decisions over 
jobs, locations, children," she says, 
" — the compromises and sacrifices that 
each of us have to make to make the 
marriage work." Finally, not without 
hesitation, she postponed a very prom- 
ising career to give her full energies to 
their children. 

Today, Cindy, 8, John, 6, and Jeff, 3, 
are the loving products of that decision 
of nearly a decade ago. "I wouldn't 
have missed a minute of my children's 
babyhood." 

Presently, Leslie is a math instructor 
at North Shore Community College. At 
this point in her life, she is eager to re- 
turn to college and to more teaching, a 
profession that she's finding increasingly 
rewarding — hoping to balance her needs 
for career and family. 



in a high school would be encouraged to 
come to schools such as WPI if they liked 
math and science. 

Women in more recent classes, how- 
ever, have been predominantly engineer- 
ing majors. As the number of women in 
engineering and technical fields has in- 
creased, more of the gifted high school 
women have become interested in WPI. 

Presumably early women students didn't 
major in engineering because, like me, 
they had little idea of what it was. Aware- 
ness of the engineering fields and oppor- 
tunities available has increased; hence the 
swing to more engineering majors. In ear- 
lier classes, women were strong in math 
and science but thought more in terms of 
teaching than of pursuing industrial ca- 
reers. Now they are studying engineering 
and science to put their skills and interest 
to practical use. 

Consider some other interesting statis- 
tics: In 1952 0.2 percent of the nation's 
BS degrees in engineering went to women; 
in 1975 as a group we received 2.3 per- 
cent. In 1979 the figure was up to 9 per- 
cent, and in 1980 a whopping 5,631 bach- 
elor's degrees in engineering, or 9.7 percent 
of the total, were awarded to women. 

The National Science Foundation es- 
timates that in 1978 21,700 (or 1.6 per- 
cent) of the nearly 1.4 million U.S. en- 
gineers were women. Today that figure is 
close to 4 percent. In 1979, 14,000 fresh- 
man women declared engineering as their 
college major. That year, 49,027 (or 12.3 
percent) of the U.S. college engineering 
enrollment were women. Can there be 
any doubt that women are gaining a firm 
foothold in engineering and, further, that 
WPI women are making a difference in 
these enormously challenging yet exciting 
times. 

In December 1982, the Boston Section of 
the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) 
honored Judy Nitsch with its National 
Distinguished New Engineer Award, the 
latest of several awards for her. 

A project manager with Boston's Allen 
& Demurjian, Inc., a consulting civil 
and structural engineering, architectural 
and surveying firm, Judy specializes in 
site planning and development. She is a 
Registered Professional Engineer in eight 
states. In 1980 she was featured on the 
"New England Today" TV program and 
on NBC radio's "The Woman's Pro- 
gram. " A member of WPI's Alumni 
Publications Advisory Committee, she is 
coauthor of Terry's Trip, a coloring 
book introducing engineering careers to 
grade-school girls. 



12 WPI JOURNAL 




Over the next decade, 
industry-supported academic 

research will increase 

from $200 million to about 

$600 million a year. 

The stream of money is 
widening and deepening; 
the exchange of ideas and 
people is increasing; even 

optimists are concerned 

about paying the piper. 




Academe Meets Industry: 



Crudely speaking, the purpose of a 
business enterprise is to provide 
goods and services for a profit, while 
the purpose of higher education is to pro- 
duce knowledge and educated people. In- 
dustry needs both the knowledge and the 
people, while academe needs money. 
Therefore it would seem that industrial 
funding could underwrite parts of aca- 
demic research and education, to the ben- 
efit of all — including society as a whole. 
Indeed, while the federal government 
has reined back on its support for aca- 
demic research and training, industries 
have moved in to help fill the gap. At 
MIT, according to TIME magazine, pri- 
vate contracts jumped from $6 million in 
1979 to $18 million in 1981. At the Johns 
Hopkins School of Medicine, industry used 
to provide 8 percent of its research fund- 
ing. In the last three years, that number 
has gone up to 15 percent. Over the next 
decade, nationwide, Edward E. David, 
Jr. (president of the Exxon Research and 
Engineering Company) estimates that in- 
dustry-supported academic research will 
increase from $200 million to about $600 
million a year. 

Two caveats: Despite the federal bud- 
get-cutting, even that $600 million will be, 
at most, 15 percent of the billions pro- 
vided by federal agencies. Secondly, these 
numbers are all less precise than they 



Charting 

the 
Bottom 

Line 



by Elise Hancock 



sound, because the financial categories are 
imprecise. Is a grant to support a graduate 
student philanthropic, or is it a type of 
public relations and therefore a cost of 
doing business? How to value secondhand 
equipment given to schools? Or new 
equipment, for that matter. Does a stu- 
dent internship have financial value? Dif- 
ferent companies keep books in different 



ways, and many arrangements between 
schools and industrial firms are locally and 
informally handled; they may never enter 
the corporate books at all. 

Clearly, however, the stream of money 
moving from industry to academe is wid- 
ening and deepening; the exchange of ideas 
and people is increasing, and even opti- 
mists find themselves concerned about 
paying the piper. 

For seldom before could anyone say that 
a company had bought a department — as 
one could literally say of the new De- 
partment of Molecular Biology at Mas- 
sachusetts General Hospital (MGH, which 
is affiliated with Harvard Medical School). 
Hoechst A. G., a West German chemical 
company, is putting up $70 million over 
ten years to completely equip and support 
the department, down to the last piece of 
filter paper. Work will be on somatic cell 
genetics, microbial genetics, virology, im- 
munology, plant molecular biology, and 
eukaryotic cell gene regulation. MGH 
"agrees to do nothing" that might give 
any other entity a claim on work done by 
the department, staff members may con- 
sult only for non-profit making entities, 
and Hoechst gets exclusive world licen- 
ses — or the best possible license — for any 
commercially useful results. Most mem- 
bers of the scientific staff are expected to 
hold faculty positions at Harvard. Hoechst 



AUGUST 1983 




II ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



may have four company scientists at any 
one time in training in the department, 
working on problems chosen by the chair- 
man, distinguished geneticist Howard 
Goodman. Goodman says it's just like a 
grant, and he plans normal academic col- 
laboration with colleagues at Harvard on 
projects with NIH funding. He'll need an 
OK from Hoechst, though. 

Does that matter? Many would argue 
not. Hoechst presumably entered into the 
agreement because Goodman et alia have 
expertise the corporation does not. Good- 
man is allowed to follow his well-schooled 
intuition about what fundamental ques- 
tions will be most fruitful, Harvard finds 
the center a magnet for faculty, the de- 
partment trains people for Hoechst who 
will be able to work on likely applications, 
and the world at large will gain wonderful 
new drugs, self-fertilizing crops, ways to 
combat genetic disease, who knows? If 
Hoechst makes money, why not? Surely 
it is entitled to a reasonable return on its 
investment. 

On the other hand, there is that implicit 
leash: Goodman et alia will presumably 
want the contracts renewed. Does that 
mean they will inevitably begin slanting 
their work for the quick return, something 
that will show Hoechst its investment was 
wise? Will they stop asking the tough 
questions, ones that will yield applications 
only 20 years from now if ever? Will they 
skimp on their teaching duties? In short, 
do arrangements like this one constitute 
eating the seed corn? 

There are a number of such concerns, 
many of them voiced by academe and in- 
dustry alike. Yet the contracts, large and 
small, continue to proliferate, and for 
compelling reasons. These reasons, and 
the worries, together are reshaping many 
academic departments. 



'A; 



problem we all have can be summed 
up in one word," said one indus- 
trialist at a conference: "Japan." 
Japan has mounted an effort to do to the 
computer field what it has done to auto- 
mobiles and threatens to do in biotech- 
nology: dominate the world market. U.S. 
industry is running scared. 

At the same time, academia finds itself 
strapped. A few years ago, roughly half 
of research proposals submitted would 
garner a grant. Today, only about a quarter 
do (at least on first submission). Young 
researchers, generally conceded to be the 
most innovative, are less likely to win 
grants than are people you might call 
"proven products"; the young waste even 
more time writing fruitless grants than do 



senior people. Federal training grants are 
largely a thing of the past, and money for 
equipment is also becoming hard to get — 
at a time when more and more scientific 
fields require high-tech tools. "They told 
me they'd only pay for one-third of it, and 
I'd have to share the cost with people who 
need the same microdensitometer," said 
a faculty member plaintively. "But I could 
only find one, and he works on another 
campus." His story is not uncommon. 

Furthermore, both industry and aca- 
demia find themselves short-handed. 
According to the American Electronics 
Association, U.S. electronics and infor- 
mation-technology industries will need 
nearly 200,000 new electrical and com- 
puter science engineers during the next 
five years. The nation's colleges are ex- 
pected to produce only about 85,000 grad- 
uates with those skills. About one-quarter 
of faculty posts in engineering colleges are 
vacant, for lack of qualified people, and 
the number of engineering doctorates 
granted continues to fall. There were 3,600 
engineering PhDs granted in 1970, but only 
2,800 in 1981 — and not all of those are a 
gain. In 1980, according to the National 
Science Foundation, foreigners earned 46 
percent of U.S. engineering doctorates, 
22 percent of those in physical sciences, 
and 27 percent of those in math. Many of 
them return home. Japan graduates 75,000 
engineers annually, the Soviet Union 
300,000. The United States graduates only 
63,000, and the percentage of scientists 
and engineers in the labor force has been 
dropping since 1965. 

Part of the problem is that industry is 
eating the seed corn itself: because of the 
shortage, industrial salaries are so high 
that fewer engineers choose to go on to 
graduate schools, and fewer fresh PhDs 
choose to teach. 

In an important sense, then, the new 
academe-industry agreements can be 
viewed as people-sharing. Industrial sup- 
port of research keeps the teachers teach- 
ing, the students learning, and the re- 
search coming. When several companies 
band together to sponsor generic research 
in a university lab, it helps avoid dupli- 
cation of effort. In every way, it leverages 
the available mindpower. 

It does so, moreover, at a time when 
industry has just been reminded how 
profitable basic research can be. In the 
postwar years, it seemed to take an idea 
15 to 20 years to move from the basic 
research stage to usable technology. Re- 
combinant DNA technology, though, has 
taught that the time lag is not inevitable. 

Once the Supreme Court ruled that a 



microorganism could be patented — once 
it had been changed — the race was on. 
Insulin grown in bacteria, antibodies tai- 
lor-made to hone in on cancer cells, living 
soups that will clean up oil spills — these 
are not fantasy, a bare ten years after the 
initial discoveries. The insulin is already 
on the market; DNA-made interferon is 
going through clinical testing. And most 
of the work took place in universities. 

"Industry got caught with its pants 
down," crowed one university adminis- 
trator. "They weren't paying attention." 
The first companies into biotechnology 
were mostly small firms formed by uni- 
versity faculty members with dollar signs 
dancing in their eyes. Now industry is 
buying expertise, sponsoring university 
work, and establishing centers. 

Nor will it forget soon to pay attention. 
Many departments in many disciplines are 
offering affiliate relationships, in which a 
small fee— $5,000 to $20,000, say— buys 
a "window on research." The window 
usually consists of occasional symposia, a 
newsletter, and access to faculty and stu- 
dents. 

Nobody questions the value of the 
relatively simple window pro- 
grams. It is always good to view 
your work from someone else's point of 
view, and the window offers that advan- 
tage to both industrial and academic peo- 
ple. The fee is trivial for the company — 
even a small company — and demands on 
faculty time are minimal. Consulting and 
collaboration may develop, which is use- 
ful to both parties. Alan Goldberg, di- 
rector of such a program at the Johns 
Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public 
Health, sums up: "There are things we're 
doing that are needed by industry, and 
they don't know we're doing it and we 
don't know they need it. That's why the 
interaction is so important." 

When interaction gets more compli- 
cated, though, other factors come into play. 
Are industrial engineers dealing with ac- 
ademic engineers? In that case there is 
likely to be little trouble. As Edmund T. 
Cranch, president of Worcester Polytech- 
nic Institute (WPI), points out, academic 
engineers have been working with com- 
panies for decades. "The industrial links 
are absolutely natural." Engineers often 
move from industry to academe or the 
other way; the value systems differ little. 
An academic scientist, however, is often 
a person who could have been an engi- 
neer. By temperament and abilities, he or 
she is a person who likes to solve prob- 
lems — but who chose less tangible prob- 



AUGUST 1983 



III 



K 



innri 



innnnnirr nn 



mri 1 1 inn 



Companies prefer that a new 
technology be a well-kept trade 

secret, like the formula for 

Coca-Cola. But academicians 

say they must have freedom to 

discuss and publish their 

research. 



lems, for whatever reason. Usually the 
scientist chose academic science despite 
knowing that engineering or industrial sci- 
ence would probably bring a higher in- 
come. Academic scientists may or may 
not care whether there is any immediate 
application for their work, or even a long- 
term application, and they may or may 
not communicate easily with their indus- 
trial counterparts. Certainly the values of 
academic science and industrial science 
differ. 

In a recent talk, Lewis Thomas, chan- 
cellor of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering 
Cancer Center, claimed that applied re- 
searchers thought of themselves as prac- 
tical, hardworking types wielding science 
for useful ends while the basic scientists, 
a "dreamy, unworldly lot," worked with- 
out real purpose. On their side, Thomas 
said, the basic scientists considered them- 
selves the only real source of scientific 
knowledge and saw the applied scientists 
as "money grubbing day laborers." The 
greater traffic between industry and ac- 
ademe is changing these stereotypes, 
Thomas argued, finding the shift a reason 
to applaud the new arrangements. Still, 
the comment has the sting of a near-truth; 
if not those attitudes, the ghosts of those 
attitudes persist. They interfere. 

Second, the intellectual turf also seems 
to matter. In biotechnology, as witness 



the MGH/Hoechst agreement, academe 
has knowledge that industry badly wishes 
to buy. Furthermore, the work is done 
with equipment a home laboratory could 
easily amass. The contracts generously cede 
almost anything the universities care to 
ask. But in areas like computers and ro- 
botics, the knowledge and — very impor- 
tantly — the expensive equipment are in 
industrial hands. In these cases faculty and 
student access to equipment is often the 
school's major gain. Francis C. Lutz, as- 
sociate dean for projects at Worcester Po- 
lytechnic Institute, says bluntly, "It could 
be advantageous to give up some of your 
rights, in return for getting ahead by two 
years, as industry often is ahead." Equip- 
ment can be a big factor in keeping — or 
not keeping — desirable faculty and stu- 
dents. 

Third, the clout of the academic insti- 
tution is critical. Home of the heavy hit- 
ters, the ones industry wants to work with, 
major universities are able to negotiate 
conditions: that all work can be published 
in scholarly journals — though after a brief 
delay so the sponsor can patent useful ma- 
terial. Or that the university holds the pat- 
ent and collects royalties. 

Foremost among the issues that come 
up in negotiations between industry 
and academe is secrecy. As an ideal, 
companies prefer that a new technology 
be a well-kept trade secret, like the for- 
mula for Coca-Cola. That way may lie a 
huge profit. Patents are the second-best 
choice. In general, entrusting proprietary 
information to people outside their own 
laboratories seems to companies danger- 
ous. How can their secrets be protected? 

But from the academic point of view, 
complete freedom to publish and talk about 
work is not merely ideal, but essential. 
Said one dean of research, "If we do noth- 
ing else, we've got to protect our freedom 
to publish as we do. We have to preserve 
academic openness. In my view it's like 
personal virtue — to be compromised just 
once is enough." Said Richard Zdanis, 
vice provost at Johns Hopkins University, 
"If a researcher on his own discovers 
something he thinks is commercially val- 
uable, all he needs to do is keep quiet and 
the delicate fabric of academic life is al- 
ready damaged." 

Why? Isn't this degree of caution ex- 
aggerated? 

Pushed to explain why he thought not, 
Zdanis offered an example from the Space 
Telescope Science Institute, which is on 
the Hopkins campus. The Space Tele- 
scope staff find themselves delighted with 



Conflicts 
of Interests 



"My feeling is that universities are far too 
conservative. They sat out the microelec- 
tronic revolution. Now the biotechnical 
revolution is coming along, and they can't 
afford to sit that out. What we have to do 
is protect the university by putting it in a 
position where it is not in control, where 
it only owns minority stock, where faculty 
members serve only as consultants. We 
have to keep the university simon-pure 
and clean. But we have to let the univer- 
sity grow with the bionic revolution." 

— Wayne S. Brown, Director, 
Innovation Center, 
University of Utah 

"Some academic institutions live or be- 
lieve they live in a risk-free environ- 
ment — but the world outside is risk-laden. 
Ethical statements get tested in real life, 
by specific cases, with the introduction of 
money. That's when the soul of the uni- 
versity gets tested." 

— Edmund T. Cranch, President, 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute 

"As times get harder, all donors will be 
more apt to try to call the shots — not just 
corporate sponsors. Colleges will increas- 
ingly face the question, Do I accept the 
gift and the strings that come with it, or 
do I refuse?" 

—James L. Powell, President, 
Franklin and Marshall College 

"The manufacturing sector is only 25 per- 
cent of the GNP, roughly, but 65 percent 
of it derives from manufacturing. Service 
doesn't generate money. The U.S. cannot 
survive selling raw inventions and serv- 
ices — I don't think the U.S. wishes to be 
the laundry capital of the world." 

— Leo Hanifin, Director, 

Center for Manufacturing 

Productivity and Technology 

Transfer, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 

"The average car has about 16,000 parts; 
all 16,000 of those parts will come to- 
gether and make a perfect car. If you, as 
manufacturing supervisor, had to be sure 
that this car appeared on schedule, you 



IV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



might just go a bit overboard to make sure 
that you used nothing but absolutely 
proven technology. . . . Consequently, 
when you approach manufacturing peo- 
ple with the idea of new technology, they 
are something less than enchanted." 

— Thomas O. Mathues, Vice 
President, General Motors 

"The decision to settle on just one school 
is not smart business. The actual research 
community is apt to be spread through 
half a dozen or more schools. It's better 
to support the field as a whole." 

— John Schaefer, President, 
Research Corporation 

"For obvious reasons, it would be impru- 
dent for business to support undifferen- 
tiated research: when it pays off it pays 
handsomely, but it does so infrequently. 
Likewise, it would be a clear misappro- 
priation of federal funds to develop these 
discoveries into commercial use. Devel- 
opment will happen without institution- 
alizing it." 

— David A. Blake, Associate 

Dean for Research, School 

of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University 

"If we assert that industry's welfare de- 
pends on the basic infrastructure of re- 
search at universities, then a mechanism 
is needed. Is it unreasonable to conceive 
of an 'Industrial Science and Technology 
Foundation' to match in size and scope 
the government's National Science Foun- 
dation?" 

—Robert M. White, President, 
National Academy of Engineering 

"My view is that we make a product for 
them — our students — and they should help 
pay for it. Their view is that they're doing 
us a favor in hiring our students. Industry 
at large does not think enough about small 
schools. The big schools will not produce 
enough engineers." 

— Yi Hua Ma, Head of Chemical 

Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic 

Institute 

"How do we address the needs of the 
smaller companies? . . . Such companies 
can and do compete effectively for our 
students. They can and do send students 
here for continuing education programs. 
But such a company cannot afford to be 
a member of [M.I.T.'s] liaison programs; 
the fees are too high. Yet we know that 
some of the most innovative companies 



in the country are these smaller ones. How 
do we interact with them?" 

— James D. Bruce, Director 
Industrial Liaison Program, M. I. T. 

"Ten years ago, companies made stuff and 
screened it at random and tried it on an- 
imals and hoped you'd stumble on some- 
thing. Now medical research has come so 
far that good basic research is relevant to 
drug development." About the NIH: "That 
H is for Health, not Hobby. We're on 
NIH money so we should be trying to 
work on material with practical relevance. 
Otherwise universities are wasting time." 
— Solomon H. Snyder, School 
of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University 

"Look out for the price. Watch the price 
very carefully. Because so often when 
Athena, who is the goddess of wisdom, 
comes in contact with Mammon, who is 
god of money, it is Mammon who comes 
out on top." 

—DeWitt Stetten, Jr. 
National Institutes of Health 

"DNA is like Midas's gokl — everyone who 
touches it goes insane." 

— Frank Press, President, 
National Academy of Sciences 

"The Gross National Product is an un- 
fortunate phrase, because what it really 
means is the gross national saleable prod- 
uct. It does not include such products as 
the products of Homer, of Mozart, or of 
Michelangelo." 

— DeWitt Stetten, Jr. 

"Our job with these students is to make 
sure that whatever they said they wanted 
when they came here, they end up getting 
a liberal education. We don't trouble our- 
selves a great deal about biasing the search 
for knowledge in some way. Harvard has 
to worry about that. We don't. Our virtue 
is protected because nobody really wants 
to violate it." 

— Bryant L. Cureton, Dean, 
Hartwick College 

"The development of technology-based 
emphasis in education does have ominous 
implications. We can't afford to lose our 
English departments or classics depart- 
ments or history departments, though they 
don't need the same magnitude of support 
that science subjects do. We're living in 
a technological society, and if an attitude 
develops that these are nice frills but that 



it's technology that deserves our support, 
that will lead to a skewing of values." 

—John Schaefer 

"If your main purpose is not education, 
you're not a university, you're a research 
institute." 

— V. David Vandelinde 

G.W.C. Whiting School of 

Engineering, Johns Hopkins 

University 

"Liberal arts students should learn not to 
be afraid of computers, and we should 
either require, or make it very easy for, 
students to get personal computers. But 
they don't really have to know anything 
about computers. I don't know how this 
telephone works, and computers will be 
the same way in 10 years or less." 

—James L. Powell 

"Whatever relations we have formed with 
industries have first of all developed out 
of educational projects. It is essential that 
they happen this way." 

— George M. Low, President 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 

"An academic lab is like an industrial lab 
except it's half trainees. Our students are 
unencumbered and eager and new — that's 
very valuable. The science m many in- 
dustries is first-rate, so what they want is 
our students and our ferment. An insti- 
tute that is not training students will not 
have the ferment of a university." 

— David A. Blake 

"Skilled and dedicated graduate students 
are one of the last remaining pools of cheap 
labor anywhere in the world today. In- 
dustrial labs are hard pressed to match 
the quality of this working force in the 
better universities, even at a significantly 
higher cost." 

— Lewis B. Gustafson, 
Conoco executive 

"If universities train people who are not 
state-of-the-art, then it's several years be- 
fore they become effective for industry. 
So it's really cheaper to keep us state-of- 
the-art — but they've got to help us with 
the equipment. Otherwise, their own peo- 
ple with their sophisticated scientific tem- 
peraments will have doctorates from 
where? Of what quality? I think that's 
really the issue." 

— Steven Muller, President, 
Johns Hopkins University 



AUGUST 1983 



V 




Are we eating the seed corn? 

Because of the shortage of 
engineers, industry 7 salaries are 
high. Therefore fewer students 

choose to go on to graduate 

school, and fewer fresh PhDs 

choose to teach. 



the academic atmosphere, he said, be- 
cause they can do better work. Example: 
A measuring device for the Telescope 
would not behave itself, and the staff talked 
it over with faculty members. A metal- 
lurgist recommended a mounting block 
with the same coefficient of expansion as 
the instrument, to avoid distortion — and 
it helped. Someone else advised them on 
humidity and other atmospheric problems 
that might be affecting performance — and 
it helped. After all the casual consulta- 
tion, the instrument out-performs its 
manufacturer's specifications. And. Zdanis 
concluded triumphantly, for very high 
quality work it is vital to have this kind 
of daily discussion of the "details — details 
that might at some time have commercial 
value." Academe is a house built on trust. 

This secrecy issue looks intractable, but 
in practice it can be worked out. In recent 
contracts, the usual arrangement is that 
the corporation gets a first look at any 
papers, and that publication may be held 
up — sometimes as long as 120 days — to 
allow the company to file for a patent. 
The normal delays of academic publishing 
are at least that long anyway. 

More iff\ is the question of interna- 
tional patents: In U.S. law. presenting an 
oral report at a conference would not bar 
a patent. But in the rest of the world, it 
seems that any communication of the 



work — "enabling disclosure" — may jeop- 
ardize the patent. How then to have peer 
review? In a recent survey by Donald 
Fowler. Caltech's General Counsel, uni- 
versity people declared the secrecy issue 
to be the most serious impediment to in- 
dustry/university cooperative research. 

And what did industry view as the main 
impediment? What Fowler calls the "as- 
serted fact" that industry has its own re- 
search capabilities, and would use them 
wherever there was "no clear-cut cost ad- 
vantage or unique capability on the part 
of the university." 

"Unique capability" often means an ac- 
ademic superstar who cannot be lured from 
academe, and such exist. Young profes- 
sors have been known to turn down mul- 
tiples of their university salaries because 
they prefer to work on campus. 

The cost advantage is where coopera- 
tive research centers come in. The centers 
that succeed come close to being all things 
to all people. They provide meaningful 
projects for students — usually graduate 
students — who are supervised by faculty. 
who thus maintain contact with industrial 
realities ("a sanity test," one Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute professor calls it). 
Students also get an introduction to in- 
dustrial realities: "Time constraints, money 
constraints, having to work in a team — 
students learn all these things in working 
with industry." says WPI President Cranch. 
"So if we can expose our students to that, 
we feel it's a tremendous advantage." 

For the sponsors, a sum like S20.000 
each year will typically buy work on a 
project of their choice, a chance to im- 
prove recruiting by knowing students well, 
access to faculty, the nonproprietary re- 
sults of work performed for other spon- 
sors, and seminars for employees. Says 
WPI Dean of Faculty Ray Bolz, "Often 
students don't know something can't be 
done, so they do it." 

Some cooperatives effectively develop 
proprietary secrets of their own. At the 
Center for Interactive Computer Graph- 
ics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, any 
software developed for one sponsor is 
shared with all sponsors, but only for their 
internal use. Asked whether secrecy was 
a problem, Director Michael J. Wozny 
looked blank. Software can be valuable, 
but the possibility of trouble was ob- 
viously a new thought, which would seem 
to indicate that everyone honors the 
agreements. So far. 30 companies have 
joined that center and none has left. 

At the same center, enthusiastic spon- 
sors have donated equipment worth about 
S4.5 million, which is beginning to reverse 



the brain drain to industry. Most of the 
research is done by master's degree can- 
didates (supervised by full-time staff), some 
of whom are now staying on for PhDs. 
That's partly because few industrial plants 
can begin to match the equipment of the 
Center, Wozny explains. 

Such a center is obviously good for stu- 
dents, who are exposed to a rich variety 
of projects and equipment. And that's the 
point, to RPI President George M. Low. 
He feels a university/industry link can suc- 
ceed only if the program has intrinsic ed- 
ucational merit. Otherwise, there will be 
transplant rejection. 

The center concept also eliminates the 
possibility that a sponsor might dictate 
unacceptable terms: There are too many 
sponsors. Hoechst might possibly be able 
to dictate to the department it created. 
But no S20.000 sponsor, even a mighty 
giver of equipment, can dictate terms. 
"Even if company X wanted us to do 
something foolish," says Low, "we would 
be in an awfully good position to tell them 
to go to hell, because in any given year 
our income from any one company would 
be a tiny fraction of our income." 

As well as the many university centers, 
industrial firms are themselves establish- 
ing centers, including the Semiconductor 
Research Cooperative (SRC). This non- 
profit foundation is linked to the Semi- 
conductor Industry Association and is in- 
tended to reestablish U.S. supremacy in 
integrated circuitry. Erich Bloch, IBM's 
vice president for research and chairman 
of SRC's board, says that Japanese com- 
panies have captured about 40 percent of 
the market for the current generation of 
computer memory chips, the 16K RAM. 
It is projected they may take 70 percent 
of the market for the 64K RAM. Enter 
SRC, with plans to commission long-term 
basic research from universities on such 
topics as computer-aided design, alter- 
native semiconductor materials, and new 
ways to imprint circuits on silicon chips. 
Industrial members will contribute in pro- 
portion to their total semiconductor sales 
or to the value of the semiconductors they 
use in their products. 

The other big new industry effort is the 
Microelectronics and Computer Technol- 
ogy Corporation (MCC), a S50-million-a- 
year joint venture of 12 high-technology 
companies. Research will focus on CAD/ 
CAM, computer architecture, software 
technology, and packaging. Sponsors buy 
into each project separately, goaded by 
the knowledge that those who fund the 
project get a 3-year lead on licenses for 
any products — while companies that are 



VI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 







AUGUST 1983 VII 



irnno 



irjxrayuOL 



A professor's first loyalty should 
be to academic work. If he is 

also an investor in a 

biotechnology firm, how will 

that affect his work? 



shareholders but didn't join the particular 
project gain no advantage. The research 
will be performed by research people from 
member firms. MCC represents the brute 
force approach to the problem. 

The most imaginative research orga- 
nization is a hybrid with four parts: the 
Center for Biotechnology Research, which 
is the central element and contracts with 
universities — Stanford, Berkeley, and 
MIT. at this point — to do basic research 
in production and product separation 
processes. The universities (part 2) are 
independent contractors and will hold any 
patents. The sponsoring companies (3) can 
get options for licenses to the patents — 
and so can (4) a unit called Engenics, which 
is the profit-making unit. Engenics will 
perform applied research and process de- 
velopment in biotechnology and genetic 
engineering. The corporations, the foun- 
ders, and the Center hold equity in En- 
genics. If Engenics proves profitable, the 
Center's 30 percent take will allow it to 
continue to contract for basic research. 
The idea is to prevent conflict of interest. 

Of all the various problems created by 
the new order, conflict of interest is one 
of the most vexing. A professor's first loy- 
alty should be to academic work. If he or 
she is also an investor in. for instance, a 
biotechnology firm, or a principal of the 
firm, how will that affect her academic 



work? Can the principal of a firm ethically 
participate as an academic worker on re- 
search grants contracted by the firm? Or 
can his students? Will a financial interest 
skew judgment of the student work or of 
the professor's own work? Many univer- 
sities are now asking faculty members to 
disclose any outside commitments. 

Disclosure rules sometimes lead to 
losses, as in the case of Walter Gilbert, a 
Nobelist and former professor of molec- 
ular biology at Harvard. Gilbert was also 
an executive with Biogen, S.A., an inter- 
national research firm. In 1982, when 
Harvard imposed new rules about conflict 
of interest, Gilbert was asked to leave the 
university and has become Biogen's full- 
time chairman. Some computer people are 
also leaving university life in order to form 
their own corporations. Individuals are 
entitled to make their own choices, but 
those leaving are often those whose work 
is of the highest quality. 

At first blink, patents appear to be a 
problem also, but most people in univer- 
sities no longer worry about it. The Patent 
and Trademark Amendments of 1980 give 
universities, small businesses, and non- 
profit organizations the right of first re- 
fusal to title in inventions made under 
government contract. Previously, the fed- 
eral government held the patents and re- 
fused to give exclusive licenses, on the 
grounds that the public had already paid 
for the research. However, too few com- 
panies were willing to go to the expense 
of developing a product to which they could 
not hold an exclusive license, so the ideas 
for which the public had already paid lan- 
guished in the patent office. 

Many universities now claim patents and 
share royalties with the inventor — often 
also with the inventor's department or 
school, and even the inventor's research. 
"That's what they really like," said one 
administrator confidentially. "It's tax free 
and it ensures the continuity of their work." 
Many universities will grant an exclusive 
license, but under conditions: if the li- 
censee does not develop and market the 
product, the exclusive right is lost. 

However, the issue seldom arises. Be- 
fore the eruption of biotechnology, schol- 
ars were seldom inventors. "Look," said 
one administrator. "Look how few big in- 
ventions have come out of universities — 
warfarin, Vitamin D, the laser, stannous 
fluoride — there are so few of them you 
can count them on your fingers." Car- 
negie-Mellon, for one, has decided not to 
seek patents but to let the industrial spon- 
sors have them. 

A last worry, in the flood of glamour 



biology and computer studies, is that the 
liberal arts will submerge. To much of the 
public, they already seem less and less 
"relevant," and occasional schools are 
phasing out Classics departments and some 
foreign languages. "Possibly," responds 
Richard Zdanis, "but whether univer- 
sities participate in research consortia or 
not, that's going to be a challenge. In a 
sense we're reliving the Sputnik era, and 
we have to be concerned about over- 
accommodating. But universities only be- 
gan to flourish, really, when they came 
out of the monastery and began to inter- 
act with society." 

All these worries may well be prema- 
ture, for the temptations may pass. 
LJoshua Lederberg, president of 
Rockefeller University, recently told a bar 
association colloquium in New York that 
the present situation is an "aberration." 
He sees the cooperation as industry 
scrambling to draw on university talent it 
does not yet have in-house. Agreements, 
he notes, mostly call for industry re- 
searchers on campus, for pre-publication 
reviews, for seminars. Industry is getting 
educated. 

Meanwhile, one trend is apparent: the 
corporate money tends to go to the aca- 
demic haves, rather than the have-nots. 
Digital Equipment Corporation is giving 
MIT nearly 2,000 personal computers, 
terminals, and work stations, as well as 
63 minicomputers over five years, while 
IBM is giving the school about 1 ,000 per- 
sonal computers. MIT will use this ma- 
terial to develop a computerized curric- 
ulum. Motorola is a highly selective 
industrial associate: MIT, Stanford, and 
Caltech. RPI's new Center for Integrated 
Electronics received an electron-beam li- 
thography system, one of only three such 
machines ever built, as a gift from IBM. 

Hartwick College, by contrast, gets a 
small IBM grant to help retrain two pro- 
fessors to use and teach computers. 
Franklin and Marshall College gets $60,000 
from the Research Corporation (a foun- 
dation) to support chemistry, because the 
Research Corporation has discovered that 
the majority of graduate students in 
chemistry have graduated from liberal arts 
colleges. Such primarily undergraduate 
schools do not attract the big bucks, and 
the gap is widening between the haves and 
the have-nots. 

From a corporation's point of view, those 
particular decisions are easy to defend. If 
you wish to computerize scientific curric- 
ula nationwide, you will start at the school 
which is likely to produce many future 



VIII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



departmental chairmen. That's MIT. And 
Hartwick was delighted with its grant, 
which provided exactly what it needed. It 
must be remembered, though, still crudely 
speaking, that corporate boards expect a 
return on money spent, and money spent — 
or not spent — indicates corporate priori- 
ties. To be fair, there is also a certain 
inertia in systems run by human beings; 
it is hard to think through all details af- 
fected by a new situation. 

People like Exxon's Edward David have 
pleaded convincingly for more basic re- 
search. The U.S. will spend $80 billion on 
R&D this year, David has written — over 
two- thirds of it for development. He writes: 

"The process is so expensive and so slow 
because we are receiving inadequate help 
from predictive science. In the petroleum 
and chemical industries, we typically must 
build pilot plants costing hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars to determine whether and 
how we can practice a technology on an 
industrial scale. The reason is that we still 
know too little about the structure and 
chemistry of hydrocarbons and this ap- 
plies particularly to synthetic fuel re- 
sources like coal and oil shale. There are 
similar problems in other industries. De- 
signers of aircraft and steam turbines spend 
heavily on wind tunnel tests because they 
lack a good theory of turbulence and of 
materials failures." 

In Donald Fowler's survey, both uni- 
versity and industrial people called for 
more basic research, and both see a sig- 
nificant correlation between the amount 
of money spent on basic technological re- 
search and future technological produc- 
tivity. Of the academicians, 98 percent 
believed that such a correlation existed, 
and 89 percent of those in industry agreed. 
Still, substantial segments of industry show 
only a verbal commitment to higher ed- 
ucation and basic research. 

Item: Westinghouse Educational Foun- 
dation contributes more than $2 million 
each year to various universities for fac- 
ulty development and structuring curric- 
ula, according to Westinghouse Vice 
President Roy V. Gavert, writing in 
CHANGE Magazine (April 1983). That 
sounds good. Then on another page, one 
learns that Westinghouse also spends $27 
million on in-house education programs 
for employees. It does seem that some of 
that $27 million could have been spent 
sending Westinghouse employees to take 
appropriate courses at local colleges which 
need students. It might well have been 
cheaper and better to do so. 

Item: It is generally agreed that the 
dwindling supply of PhDs is a serious 



problem, and the American Chemical So- 
ciety has organized something called the 
Chemical Research Council, which is in- 
tended to promote cooperation between 
industry and higher education. Now in its 
second year, the Council has 40 industrial 
members, including Dow Chemical, 
Exxon, Monsanto, and the Shell Devel- 
opment Company, and 141 university 
members. The Council's first project is to 
distribute industrial money from a kitty, 
which is to be divided among university 
members based on the number of PhDs 
graduated in chemistry and chemical en- 
gineering. The present 40 corporate mem- 
bers are better than 20 corporate mem- 
bers, the number of the first year, but it's 
not many. It will be interesting to see how 
many corporations take up this straight- 
forward way of helping universities meet 
the need for PhDs in chemistry. 

Item: the comment and suggestion of 
Harit Majmudar, professor of electrical 
engineering at Worcester Polytechnic In- 
stitute. You might say he's on the front 
lines. Majmudar says flatly, "When in- 
dustry really begins to feel the pinch in 
terms of qualified students, they say they've 
got to get involved. When they don't feel 
a pinch they won't care one iota." The 
market for electrical engineers is now very 
competitive. "So every week I get a call, 
'We want to have a better relationship, 
what can we do for you?' " He thinks the 
answer is obvious: be involved on a con- 
tinuing basis. "They can see where we are 
hurting. Engineering education in partic- 
ular has needs for equipment and supplies 
which have become very costly. These are 
not capital expenses, these are operating 
expenses. And we need fellowships." And, 
he concludes, we need to "find people in 
industry who can participate as profes- 
sors. The concept of practitioners on one 
side and professors on the other — we 
should abandon the schism. We need to 
do this as a corporate decision, not just 
allow one guy to teach night school." 

Consider also an organization called the 
Life Sciences Research Foundation 
(LSRF), founded by Donald D. Brown, 
a prominent Baltimore biologist. The other 
organizers are David Baltimore, Paul Berg, 
Konrad E. Bloch, Arthur Kornberg, 
Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith, 
James D. Watson, and Lewis Thomas. All 
but Brown and Thomas are Nobel Prize 
winners. These scientists are concerned 
that federal budget cuts and industrial in- 
terest in biomedicine will, at best, divert 
universities from fundamental research. 

LSRF seeks 30 postdoctoral fellowships 
a year, at $30,000 each, for young sci- 




"When industry begins to feel 

the pinch in terms of qualified 

students, they suddenly say 

they've got to get involved. 

When they don't feel a pinch, 

they don't care one iota." 



entists chosen by an LSRF peer review 
committee to do basic biological research, 
non-targeted and with no strings at- 
tached. (The young scientists are ex- 
pected to visit their sponsor corporations, 
however.) Considering tax breaks, the ac- 
tual cost to a corporation would be about 
$13,000. Given the caliber of the organ- 
izers, you'd think this could be a remark- 
ably economical way to sponsor life sci- 
ences research at the very front line, where 
recombinant DNA was 15 years ago. You'd 
think sponsors would be waiting in line. 

After a year of hard work, Brown has 
found support for only 11 three-year fel- 
lowships, ten from companies and one from 
a foundation, and six pledges for future 
years. Monsanto (chemicals) and Hoff- 
man-LaRoche (drugs) became sponsors 
immediately for two Fellows each and 
helped with the fund-raising. LSRF has 
two objectives: to strengthen research and 
teaching in the life sciences, and to con- 
vince industry that they're giving wrongly, 
in too short-sighted a way. "They're used 
to getting it free," Brown says. "For years 
the government supported all this work 
and trained all these people — the corpo- 
rations need to adjust to new times." 

So does higher education. 

Elise Hancock is editor of the Johns 
Hopkins Magazine. 



AUGUST 1983 



IX 



By Solomon W. Golomb 




Or, a new conversion table 

for scientific units, indicating 

a series of precise numerical relationships. 

Some of these may previously have been overlooked. 



10 12 microphones = 1 megaphone 



10 12 boulevards 



= 1 gigolo 






^>^^ ^k 1012pins v l tera * in 



10 millipedes = 1 centipede 



*£> 



1 centipede/second ^ 




5 holocausts ^r l 
^7 





= 1 Pentecost 



= 1 decadent 



w 



10 6 bicycles 



= 2 megacycles 



10 9 micrometers = 1 kilometer = 200 pentameters 
2 X 10 3 militaries 



= 4 seminaries * 



1 milli-Helen 




10 " 5 dollars 



10 monologues 

."A W w V™/Ajil\5/ 



* The enlightenment generated by a seminary is measured in luminaries 






= 1 binary 



the amount of beauty 
required to launch 1 ship 



r = 1 Millicent 






i = a prefix designating 10 



-18 



Readers are invited to send in their own 
proposed conversions, which will be pub- 
lished in a later issue. Please write before 
October 15. 

To jog your memory, Solomon W. Go- 
lomb has prepared a table of the stand- 
ardized prefixes corresponding to scale 
factor changes by powers of ten: 

10 = 10 1 = deca- 

100 = 10 2 = hecta- 

1,000 - 10 3 = kilo- 

1,000,000 = 10 6 = mega- 

1,000,000,000 = 10 9 = giga- 

1,000,000,000,000 = 10 12 = tera- 

— = 10- 1 = deci- 



100 



= 10 " 2 = centi- 



1,000 



= 10- 



milli- 



1 



1,000,000 



= 10 6 = micro- 



1 



1,000,000,000 



= 10 9 = nano- 



1 



1,000,000,000,000 



In addition, there are well-established 
prefixes for the factors from 1 to 9, based 
on both Latin and Greek roots: 



1 


= 


uni- 


OR mono- 


OR holo- 


2 


= 


bi- 


ORdi- 


OR diplo- 


3 


= 


ter- 


OR tri- 




4 


= 


quadri- 


OR tetra- 




5 

6 


_ 


quinto- 
sexa- 


OR penta- 
OR hexa- 




7 
8 


_ 


septa- 
octa- 


OR hepta- 
OR okta- 




9 


= 


nona- 


OR ennea- 





Other factors for which there are agreed 
prefixes include: 



Vi = semi- 


OR hemi- 


OR demi- 


% = sesqui- 






11 = undeca- 


OR hendeca- 




12 = dodeca- 






13 = triskaideca- 






20 = icosa- 







Solomon XV. Golomb is professor of electrical en- 
gineering and mathematics at the University of 
Southern California, where his primary area of in- 
terest is communication engineering — information 
theory and coding theory. A writer of palindromes, 
he has also written of an analogy he discovered 
between quark theory and Rubik's cube. 



Once, doctors prescribed crocodile 
dung, fly specks, and eunuch fat: 
patients came back for more, because 
they wound up feeling better. 



J'm the doctor and you're the patient: 
I tell you I'm giving you something to 
make you feel better. You take it and, 
sure enough, you do feel better. Yet there's 
nothing in what I gave you to account for 
it. Maybe it's an injection of salt solution, 
which can relieve severe surgical pain by 
no physiological mechanism known to 
medical science. Or a sugar pill, which 
logically, pharmacologically, or any other 
way can have no effect, for good or ill, 
on the common cold. But it does anyhow: 
That's the placebo effect. 

In his famous 1955 review of 15 placebo 
studies, which involved 1,082 patients suf- 
fering from conditions that ranged from 
headache and seasickness to wound pain 
and the common cold, pioneer placebo 
researcher Henry K. Beecher found that 
placebos worked about one third of the 
time, or to use the precise figure cited 
frequently since, "35.2 plus or minus 2.2 
percent." 

Consider this: A research team at the 
University of California at San Francisco 
(Jon D. Levine, Howard L. Fields, and 
two others) in 1980 reported that, on av- 
erage, a placebo packed the pharmaco- 
logical punch of a four to six milligram 
dose of morphine in treating the pain of 
tooth extractions. 

Or this: In a clinical trial during the 
early 1960s, surgeons tied off certain ar- 
teries of patients suffering from anginal 
pain. The idea was to improve circulation 
to the heart. It worked, or seemed to; 
patients reported at least 60 percent relief 
from pain. But this pleasing result was 
tainted when mock "operations" in which 
the skin of patients was cut, leaving a scar. 



while internal organs were left un- 
touched — an experimental control involv- 
ing a form of placebo surgery not apt to 
be condoned today — achieved almost 
identical results. 

A placebo's effects needn't be benefi- 
cial: Placebos have been found to elicit 
side effects ranging from headache and 
drowsiness to nausea and a "warm glow," 
just like pharmacologically active drugs. 
And they can be addictive: In one famous 
case, colored pills — a "new major tran- 
quilizer," she was told — were given to a 
44-year-old schizophrenic woman. They 
did help relieve her headache, insomnia, 
and anxiety. But after a while, she started 
doubling and redoubling her dosage. Pretty 
soon she was taking 25 tablets a day and 
couldn't stop without psychiatric help. 

But by and large, placebos do leave pa- 
tients suffering less. In one 1965 study 
conducted at Johns Hopkins Hospital by 
Lino Covi and Lee C. Park, both now 
associate professors of psychiatry, 14 out 
of 15 patients declared that the inert pink 
pills they'd been given to treat their neu- 
rotic symptoms had helped. In fact, four 
of the 15 rated them "the most effective 
ever prescribed for them" — although 
they'd been told they were receiving sugar 
pills. In at least one instance, a placebo 
effect has even reversed the effects of an 
active drug: When, in the early 1950s, a 
pregnant woman in a New York hospital 
complained of nausea, her physician, 
Stewart Wolf, gave her a drug he assured 
her would cure it. Sure enough, the nau- 
sea disappeared. The medicine he'd given 
her? Ipecac, normally given to induce 
vomiting. 



Like other medicines, a placebo may or 
may not work; the "placebo effect" is what 
happens when it does. It may be pre- 
scribed to actually help the patient. Or it 
may be used as a control in the clinical 
trial of some drug or treatment. It may 
be a small green pill, or a big impressive 
red capsule; size, shape, and color don't 
seem to matter. It may be an injection. 
It may be superficial surgery whose only 
effect is to leave a scar. It may succeed 
in lowering the pulse, or causing gastric 
juices to secrete, or easing depression, or 
reducing pain. It is, in short, the form of 
treatment without its substance; yet it can 
achieve substantive results. 

Placebos work on some of the people 
some of the time, but not on all the 
people all the time. Is there one 
kind of person who responds to placebos 
and another who doesn't? Is there, in short, 
such a thing as a "placebo reactor"? 

Though students of the subject disa- 
gree, the more widespread view these days 
is that there is not. The fact is, some stud- 
ies find that females respond to placebos 
more than do men, others the reverse. 
Some studies find correlations with IQ, 
while others do not. And many people 
respond to placebos at one time but not 
another. 

There are, however, certain paradoxi- 
cal consistencies about the situations in 
which placebos tend to work. First, pla- 
cebos are clearly more effective in easing 
clinical pain than experimentally induced 
pain — by one crude measure about twice 
as effective, according to Michael Jospe 
in The Placebo Effect in Healing. 



Magic Medjcine: 

"The doctor gave me something. Now I feel better. " 



XII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



Second, placebos work better on severe 
pain than they do on mild pain: In one 
study by Beecher, a placebo was only 29 
percent as effective as a standard dose of 
morphine on patients with "mild" pain, 
but 77 percent as effective on patients with 
"very severe pain." 

Finally, there is "the Anzio effect": 
Soldiers badly wounded on the beachhead 
at Anzio, one of World War IFs bloodiest 
battles, and removed to rear positions for 
care, complained far less often of pain 
than do typical hospital patients recover- 
ing from surgery. Placebo pioneer Beecher, 
who first took note of the discrepancy, 
found that less than a third of the wounded 
soldiers complained of enough pain to re- 
quire morphine. But morphine was needed 
by four out of five civilians recovering from 
analogous wounds incurred in surgery. 

What to make of it all? The interpre- 
tation fashioned by Beecher, and now 
widely accepted, is that pain has two dis- 
tinct components. One is associated with 
the original source of the pain. The other 
factor superimposes on the sensation it- 
self the patient's fears, anxieties, and ig- 
norance about his situation. GIs pulled to 
safety at Anzio were relieved at having 
survived the battle and now perhaps being 
on their way home, thus easing their pain. 
Surgery patients on the other hand, 
plucked from home and family and sub- 
jected to a hospital ordeal, generally feel 
a heightened anxiety. The anxiety com- 
pounds their pain. 

Likewise, the kinds of experimental pain 
inflicted on willing subjects, through elec- 
trical shock and other controlled means, 
mostly lack that secondary component of 



pain that intensifies suffering: They carry 
no ambiguity and fear. That holds for mild 
pain of any sort, like that from a scratched 
thumb. Its victim is apt to be aware of the 
pain, yet not concerned. 

It's this second component of pain, then, 
that the placebo is thought to reduce. Act- 
ing not upon the wound itself, but rather 
easing the patient's emotions about it, it 
lessens its perceived intensity. This "cog- 



nitive" dimension is what NIH researcher 
Ronald Dubner also comes back to in 
trying to explain the placebo's salutary 
effects — not just on pain but on all man- 
ner of physiological and psychological 
conditions. "The meaning of the pain 
changes because you get a placebo," he 
says. "What you're altering is not the in- 
tensity of the sensation but the relative 
unpleasantness of the situation as a whole. 




"Since it doesn't do anything, it won't be easy to get people to take it every day. 
There's just no demand for a preventative placebo. " 



The Phcebo 



by Robert Kanigel 



AUGUST 1983 XIII 




"Find out who set up this experiment. It seems that half of the patients were given a 
placebo, and the other half were given a different placebo. " 



The placebo alters the meaning of the ex- 
perience: 'The doc gave me something: 
now I feel better.'" 

Once, of course, placebos were 
virtually the only treatment phy- 
sicians prescribed. Once, before 
CAT scans and penicillin, doctors pre- 
scribed crocodile dung, teeth of swine, fly- 
specks . oil of ants. fur. feathers, and eun- 
uch fat. They purged their patients, punc- 
tured them, blistered them, bled them, 
froze them, and shocked them. Remark- 
ably, patients kept coming back for more. 
Came back because they wound up feel- 
ing better. Came back for something in 
those few moments with witch doctor, faith 
healer, or physician, something in his 
healing touch, that left them better off — 
freer of symptoms, further from death — 
than they'd been before. 

"Today we know." writes veteran pla- 
cebo researcher Arthur K. Shapiro of 
Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, "that 
the effectiveness of those procedures and 
medications was due to psychological fac- 
tors often referred to as the placebo ef- 
fect. Since almost all medicines were until 
recently placebos, the history of medical 
treatment can be characterized largelv as 



the history of the placebo effect." 

But then along came modern medicine: 
Antibiotics do not depend for their po- 
tency on the personality of the physician 
administering them, or the kindness he 
shows, or the ritual setting in which he 
renders treatment. The old remedies, 
meanwhile, which worked only some of 
the time and in mysterious ways, were by 
and large discarded. And the placebo ef- 
fect itself, whose potency had masked their 
ineffectiveness As if guilty by association 
with crocodile dung and bleeding cups, it 
came to be "considered merely as a var- 
iable to be controlled." as one revisionist 
commentary in the Journal of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association noted in 1975. 
and so "ignored." 

Coming from Latin, the word placebo 
translates as "I shall please." After the 
Middle Ages it came to mean a senile 
flatterer, sycophant, or toady. By 1811 — 
it appeared that year in Hooper's Medical 
Dictionary — it was being used about as it 
is today, complete with faintly unsavory 
aroma, as an "epithet given to any med- 
icine adapted more to please than benefit 
the patient." 

Contempt dogged the subject, and in 
some quarters still does. Around the turn 



of the century . the eminent Harvard med- 
ical ethicist and physician Richard C. Ca- 
bot observed that "No patient whose lan- 
guage you can speak, whose mind you can 
approach, needs a placebo. I give place- 
bos now and then ... to Armenians and 
others with whom I cannot communi- 
cate." A more recent commentator la- 
mented that "some patients are so unin- 
telligent, neurotic, and inadequate as to 
be incurable, and life is made easier for 
them by a placebo." 

In keeping with these attitudes, it is only 
in the last 35 years or so that the placebo 
effect has been studied as a phenomenon 
all its own. As Hopkins pharmacologist 
Paul Talalay observes. "The major text- 
books of medicine don't even mention the 
subject" — although, as he says, the pla- 
cebo "confounds every transaction be- 
tween the physician and patient." 

"Most physicians tend to disbelieve the 
magnitude of it." says Talalay. and are 
uncomfortable with the subject. "It un- 
dermines a doctor's confidence in the ef- 
fectiveness of his treatment. We're not 
comfortable with the idea that much of 
the time what we're doing has no thera- 
peutic basis .... It makes us edgy. I sup- 
pose it's because the placebo is the meet- 
ing ground between the physician and the 
charlatan." 

Psychiatrist Jerome Frank of Hop- 
kins likes to speak to "the faith that 
heals." That was the title of an ad- 
dress he gave a group of medical school 
graduates in 1975 in which he outlined 
how Christian Scientists, acupuncturists, 
yoga masters, and the like view illness and 
health. All such non-medical healers, he 
observed, see health "as a state of har- 
monious integration of the person with 
himself, and with his society, nature, and 
the cosmos." Illness represents a disrup- 
tion of this harmony, and "the task of the 
healer is to restore the disrupted har- 
mony." mobilizing the patient's faith 

And mobilizing the patient's faith, ar- 
gued Frank, is part of what happens every 
day in every hospital, right alongside the 



XIV AL AGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



"I give placebos ..." said medical 
ethicist Richard C. Cabot, u to 
Armenians and others with whom 1 
cannot communicate. ' 



surgery and the drugs. "One need only 
substitute Science for the supernatural 
healing powers invoked at faith-healing 
shrines to discover striking similarities," 
Frank told his Commencement Day lis- 
teners. At a hospital, which enjoys "an 
immense reputation as a site of amazing 
cures," physicians "perform arcane ritu- 
als." Their labs and operating rooms and 
intensive care units are places to "which 
they alone have access." They employ 
"spectacular machines that beep and gur- 
gle and flash lights or emit immensely 
powerful but invisible rays." From time 
to time they perform "a dramatic, expen- 
sive, and impressive operation in which 
the surgeon stops the patient's heart, re- 
pairs it and starts it up again. The surgeon 
literally kills the patient and then resur- 
rects him. Few faith healers can make an 
equally impressive demonstration of heal- 
ing power." 

A patient typically comes to every en- 
counter with his physician, says Frank, 
with an attitude of " 'Oh, he must have 
very powerful medicine,' which is the 
equivalent of 'Oh, he has powerful 
magic' " This "magic," and the patient's 
belief in its power, are the basis of the 
placebo effect. 

Frank concludes, "History has shown 
that faith healing works, and the placebo 
is an attenuated form of it . . . Faith heal- 
ing conjures up witchcraft and all sorts of 
quackery," he admits, but what the mod- 
ern physician does, through the placebo 
effect, is simply "smuggle it in through 
the back door." 

^V s the doctor-patient relationship is 
/ \ rediscovered as a worthy focus for 
JL JLmedical research and medical ed- 
ucation," writes Howard Brody of Mich- 
igan State University in a recent issue of 
the Annals of Internal Medicine, "the pla- 
cebo effect assumes center stage as one 
approach to a more sophisticated under- 
standing of this relationship." It is not the 
medical expertise the doctor can bring to 
bear that counts most heavily here, but 
the doctor in person, and the kindness. 



caring, and warmth that are offered — or 
not offered. 

Consider this study from the mid-1960s: 
Two matched groups of patients facing 
abdominal surgery got differing styles of 
care. One had the anesthesiologist in to 
tell them about the coming operation but 
heard nothing about any postoperative pain 
they might face. The other group got spe- 
cial treatment: The anesthesiologist spent 
much more time with them, discussed the 
nature and severity of the pain they were 
likely to experience, and reassured them 
that backup medication was available from 
the nursing staff. As it turned out, those 
in the more sympathetically treated group 
needed only half the pain medication, and 
were discharged from the hospital an av- 
erage of two days earlier, than members 
of the other group. "A placebo effect 



without the placebo," was how the in- 
vestigators put it (L. D. Egbert, G. E. 
Battit, C. E. Welch, and M. K. Bartlett, 
New England Journal of Medicine). What 
it amounted to, though, was caring and 
respect for the patients as people. 

This and other studies yielding similar 
results moved Herbert Benson and Mark 
D. Epstein to lament, in a commentary 
in the Journal of the American Medical 
Association entitled "The Placebo Effect: 
A Neglected Asset in the Care of Pa- 
tients," "the growing trend toward de- 
creasing doctor-patient contact, for ex- 
ample through the use of computer 
facilities to obtain histories." Benson has 
elsewhere been quoted as saying that "the 
most important thing a doctor can do in 
terms of dispensing care is simply to care 
about the patient. And establishing rap- 




"Well, I went to medical school overseas, and for your type of low-back pain, we 
sprinkle dried roots on the ground, then chant for ten minutes." 



AUGUST 1983 XV 



u lt makes us edgy, " says 
pharmacohgistPaulTalalay. "I 
suppose because the placebo is the 
meeting ground between physician 
and charlatan." 



port is the real basis for the placebo ef- 
fect." 

To what can be traced the physician's 
healing influence? Until 40 years ago, of 
course, very often all a physician could 
do was diagnose, laying out the likely 
course of an illness and informing the pa- 
tient what he would face. And this actually 
helped. In an insight Jerome Frank credits 
to a Hopkins colleague, Paul R. McHugh, 
those early physicians were at least ad- 
dressing the awful ambiguity a sick patient 
feels about his condition, and ambiguity 
is, as Frank notes, "one of the greatest 
sources of anxiety." Anxiety, in turn — as 
Henry K. Beecher, with his two-level pain 
model 30 years ago surmised — tends to 
aggravate the pain the patient actually 
perceives. Thus a doctor who "offers clear, 
concise, unambiguous treatment imme- 
diately reduces anxiety," says Frank, and 
so, in many cases, the patient's suffering 
as well. 

But the physician's healing influence is 
hardly cut and dried. "Between the doc- 
tor and the patient's getting better there 
may be 50 complicated variables that af- 
fect one another," says medical psychol- 
ogist Michael Jospe; medicine is an art as 
well as a science and, like any art, some 
practitioners may be better at it than 
others. Whether physicians differ innately 
in their ability to heal is, as Jerome Frank 
says, an "awkward question." But Mi- 
chael Jospe plainly thinks so. "Some doc- 
tors are better healers than others," he 
says, and the differences lie in their per- 
sonalities, in the intuition, the calming in- 
fluence they bring to their dealings with 
patients. 

Is this, then, what faith healers and other 
"primitive" practitioners offer? "Oh, yes," 
Jospe replies. "We only say it's 'primitive' 
because it's so complex we don't know 
how to deal with it." 

/\ s to the placebo itself, though , there 
/ \ is one intriguing lead on a possible 
JL JLphysiological mechanism, discov- 
ered in California a few years ago. Jon 
Levine's research team at the University 



of California at San Francisco gave first 
placebos, then intravenous naloxone, to 
patients recovering from surgery for tooth 
extraction: the naloxone cancelled any 
placebo effects they'd experienced. The 
article was published in Nature, Britain's 
pre-eminent journal, and created inter- 
national excitement among researchers in 
the life sciences. 

Naloxone is an "opiate antagonist": 
Often used in helping addicts detoxify, it 
locks onto the same receptor sites in the 
brain at which endorphins hook up (the 
brain's natural opiates) , thus blocking their 
pain-killing action. Therefore, if an in- 
jection of naloxone blocks the placebo's 
analgesic effect in patients who had been 
relieved by it, perhaps the placebo effect 
works through the endorphin system. 

Years before, in 1965, Louis Lasagna 
had commented on the "curious hyper- 
algesic [pain-heightening] effect" of na- 
loxone on patients with post-operative 
pain, but couldn't explain it. Now here, 
maybe, lay the explanation: The placebo 
marshals the body's natural pain-killing 
system — which the naloxone disrupted, 
thus exacerbating pain. 

Maybe. Recent studies at the National 
Institutes of Health seem to lend another 
interpretation to the California results. Just 
as in Levine's work, says Ronald Dubner 
(chief of neurobiology and anesthesiology 
at the National Institute of Dental Re- 
search), dental patients in his studies re- 
ported greater pain when they got nalox- 
one. But so did patients who got no 
placebo. 

In their still-unpublished experiment, 
the results of which were presented to the 
annual meeting of the Society for Neu- 
roscience last November, Dubner, re- 
search psychologist Richard Gracely, and 
their colleagues, established a "no-treat- 
ment" group that got neither pain-killer 
nor naloxone. Yet the pain level in this 
group shot up the same amount when it 
got naloxone as did the placebo group's 
pain. In other words, the results can be 
explained without the placebo. Perhaps, 
says Dubner, it was simply "the stress of 



surgery" that activated the endorphin sys- 
tem, not the placebo at all. 

But the endorphin placebo hypothesis 
is by no means a closed book. "The pla- 
cebo is not the only thing in the world 
that turns on the endorphin system," says 
Levine. Why should the pain increase in 
the NIH no-treatment group be surpris- 
ing? His group is repeating the experi- 
ment — with a no-treatment group — but 
with different pain levels. He hopes to 
resolve the discrepancies between his 
group's results and those at NIH. 

But even if endorphins or related mech- 
anisms should come to explain certain as- 
pects of placebo action, that leaves wide 
open the intriguing fundamental question 
of how symbolic input — a thought or an 
emotion — can release endorphins, or for 
that matter other neurotransmitters. Then, 
too, the endorphin hypothesis would seem 
to apply only to the placebo's pain-killing 
powers, not to its capability to bring relief 
in other ways. So, despite the promise of 
the endorphin work, a neat physiological 
explanation for the placebo effect is still 
a long way off. "Most likely," as Paul 
Talalay says, "the placebo effect is like 
cancer — a whole series of different things 
that operate through a variety of different 
mechanisms." 

^V fterword: A few years ago, the 
/ \ Journal of the American Medical 
JL JLAssociation reprinted an old piece 
from its June 23, 1900 issue in which one 
W. W. Keen, MD, LLD, outlined what 
he saw as the characteristics of "The Ideal 
Physician." At times of "sickness and 
weariness and woe," Keen wrote in the 
overwrought prose of that era, the phy- 
sician is a welcome visitor indeed: "Then 
can his gentle touch give assurance; then 
can his sympathetic voice bring hope; then 
can the thousand and one acts of thought- 
ful kindness bind to him for life the anx- 
ious hearts looking to him as the messen- 
ger of life. Even in the daily routine of a 
hospital clinic," he wrote in the first year 
of the twentieth century, "a kind word is 
often better than any medicine." 



XVI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



ALUMNI PROFILES 



Steve Donahue, 79: 

45 Years of Service to His Alma Mater 



Stephen D. Donahue, '29, retired 
recently — for the third time — from 
a temporary job he took 45 years 
ago. That's how long Steve served as man- 
ager of the WPI news bureau. 

Steve's plans for a career in chemical 
engineering were dashed, as were the plans 
of many, in the Great Depression. Luck- 
ier than many in those days, Steve did find 
a job working as a reporter for the 
Worcester Evening Gazette. When the late 
Alumni Secretary Herbert F. Taylor be- 
gan thinking about establishing a WPI news 
bureau in 1938, Steve was the person he 
turned to for advice on how it should be 
done. 

Then he asked Steve if he would be 
willing to act as manager until someone 
could be found. When no suitable can- 
didate was found, Taylor convinced Steve 
to take the job on a permanent basis. 

Steve had been on the job but a few 
days when the infamous 1938 hurricane 
swept unannounced through New Eng- 
land. In its rampage, the storm toppled 
scores of shade trees which had lined the 
campus walks. Steve had pictures taken 
of WPI's football team in their practice 
uniforms getting into shape for the season 
by cutting up the downed trees. These 
pictures were published all over the coun- 
try. If there had ever been any doubt about 
what an alert newsman could do for WPI, 
Steve's work squelched it. 

From the beginning, he established def- 
inite standards for WPI news releases. They 
had to be accurate and timely, sent to all 
interested news media, and written in the 
accepted style of the intended audience. 
He never deviated from these standards. 
As a result, WPI began to achieve greater 
recognition throughout the region. 

The initial success of the WPI news bu- 
reau, the first in the city, soon brought 
inquiries from Holy Cross and Clark Uni- 
versity. In typical Steve Donahue style, 
he shared his experiences with those picked 
to start news bureaus across town. Be- 
cause Steve and his early colleagues set 
and maintained high standards, today's 




Donahue: Worcester's first public 
relations professional. 

relationships between the educational in- 
stitutions and the local news media are 
probably second to no other college com- 
munity's in the country. 

During World War II, Steve accepted 
a commission in the Army Air Corps and 
served nearly four years as a public re- 
lations and public information officer with 
the Second Air Force. He returned home 
a major and began a second part-time ca- 
reer as an Air Force Reserve officer. His 
old job as a reporter was not waiting for 
him at the Gazette. Instead, the news- 
paper promoted him to city editor. He 
also went back to his part-time job at WPI's 
news bureau. 

Part of his Gazette job was to train new 
reporters. Many Donahue-trained news- 
men have gone on to some of the nation's 
major newspapers. In recalling his days 
as a fledgling reporter, for example, Ed- 
win Dale of the New York Times reflected 
on his fondest memories of his brief stay 
in Worcester, " . . .my first paycheck . . . 
my first by-line . . . the sheer competence 
of my first city editor, Steve Donahue of 
the Evening Gazette." 



Today, whenever I meet one of these 
news writers who began in Worcester, the 
first question is "How's Steve Donahue?" 
I know what a great teacher he was, too, 
because in my early days in public rela- 
tions at Norton Company, Steve would 
take the time to criticize constructively 
the releases I brought in for publication. 
Little did I know then that Steve and I 
would later work together at WPI for 19 
years. 

In 1976, the Worcester County Public 
Relations Association honored Steve as 
Worcester's first public relations profes- 
sional. 

Steve and his wife, Frances, have two 
sons. Steve, Jr., known at home as "Jay," 
graduated from WPI in 1963, earned a 
master's degree at MIT and has been a 
Procter & Gamble executive for many 
years. Michael is a Holy Cross graduate 
who earned his doctorate at Boston Uni- 
versity and is now at Brandeis University 
as a member of the counselling staff. 

Steve is an expert on classical jazz. His 
collection of old records includes those of 
many of the musical greats of an earlier 
time. 

Steve retired for the first time in the 
mid-sixties as a reserve officer. He retired 
as a colonel in the Air Force, a rank few 
reservists ever achieve. He retired the 
second time in 1973 from the Evening Ga- 
zette. 

When Steve passed WPI's normal re- 
tirement age, he stayed on as a consul- 
tant, and his daily schedule never changed, 
nor did the fine work he produced. 

Steve types newspaper style — with two 
fingers. That's how he produced between 
two and three hundred news releases for 
WPI each year. Those two fingers pro- 
vided a chronological history of the im- 
portant events at this college for 45 years, 
a contribution of unparalleled value, 
matched only by his professionalism and 
his dedication to his alma mater. 

By Roger N. Perry, Jr. , '45 
Director of Public Relations 



AUGUST 1983 



29 



WPI Alumni Association 

President. Harry \V. Tenney. Jr . '56 
Senior Vice President. Donald E. Ross. '54 
Vice President. Paul W. Bayliss. *60 
Secretary-Treasurer. Stephen J. Hebert. '66 
Past President. Peter H. Horstmann. '55 

Executive Committee Members-at-Large 
HenrvP. Allessio. '61: Walter J. Bank. '46: 
William J. Firla. Jr.. '60: John M. McHugh.'56. 

Alumni Fund Board 
Edwin B. Coghlin. Jr.. '56: Richard A. 
Davis. '53: Gerald T. Dyer. '56; Gerald 
Finkle. '57: Allen H. Levesque. '59: C. 
John Lindegren. "39: Philip H. Pudding- 
ton. '59; Georee P. Strom. '56. 



1916 



A profile of Carroll Merriam of Waterville. 
ME. appeared in the December issue of the 
.-\C5.W Bulletin. Mr. Merriam is a past presi- 
dent and honorary member of ACSM. Last 
August he served as advisor to TV's "Good 
Morning America" on the segment titled 
"Where Does the Sun First Touch the United 
States?" 



1917 



Herb Kelly. 87. is the oldest active player at 
the Redland Golf and Country Club in Home- 
stead. FL. Last year his game was in the low 
90s. and this vear he still breaks 100. 



1921 



The Robert Chapmans enjoyed spending the 
winter in Sarasota. FL. Not only do they have 
three grandchildren at WPI. their granddaugh- 
ter Susan is coordinator of women's athletics. 



1924 



Since retiring from New England Power Co.. 
Shelburne Falls. MA. in 1966. Harry Hurd has 
become a lapidary. He enjoys cutting, grinding 
and polishing semiprecious stones, and setting 
them in pins and lockets. 



1930 



Roscoe Bowers writes that he and Ruth have 
moved from Clearwater. FL. to 363 Longwood 
Drive. Venice. FL. Ros. has been playing some 
golf and making bookcases at home, and he is 
looking forward to a possible trip to New Eng- 
land this fall. 

A photo of Ed Delano taken before the start 
of last year's Veterans World Cup bicycle race 
in Austria was featured in the April issue of 
the AARP Sews Bulletin. This year Ed plans 
to enter several U.S. races. The two Delano 
daughters are teachers. Son Ed. also a racing 
cyclist, is a supervising highway construction 
engineer for the state of California. 

Charlie Fay, a patent attorney, has closed 
his Worcester office and is currently operating 
from his home in Sterling. MA. His son. Dick, 
a professor at Loyola, is a co-author of Hot 
Dog Chicago, a paperback book describing 150 



fast-food places in the Chicago area. 

Mr. and Mrs. Christos Orphanides cele- 
brated their 50th wedding anniversary in Feb- 
ruary at a party hosted by their son and daugh- 
ter in New London, CT. Both came to the U.S. 
from Greece in the 1920s. She attended Welles- 
ley College. During World War II. Orphanides 
served as a lieutenant commander with the Navy 
Air Corps. He retired in 1974 from Enterprise 
Electric Co., a company he founded in 1945. 

Don Simonds, who retired as vice president 
from Beloit (WI) Corp. in 1974. currently serves 
on the board of the Sigurd Olson Environ- 
mental Institute at Northland College. He is 
concerned with Department of Natural Re- 
sources activities as they affect fishing. The Si- 
mondses recently celebrated their 46th wed- 
ding anniversary. 

Charlie Wright says that his only complaint 
is that he and Alice don't see as much of their 
grandchildren as they'd like. They have three 
grandsons and two granddaughters. 



50th Reunion of WPI 33 

The class of '33 came back for its 50th in force, 
and each of us was provided with a full measure 
of enjoyment at a SUPER reunion. 

Thursday evening we enjoyed the warm hos- 
pitality of President Ed and Virginia Cranch 
for a most enjoyable reception at their lovely 
home, followed by a roast beef dinner at the 
Higgins House. There our "Prexy" told us of 
WPI's plans for the future and then touched 
upon the past by awarding each of us a ■di- 
ploma" for 50 years of service and loyalty to 
our Alma Mater. Returning to the Sheraton- 
Lincoln Inn. we found Room 224 a place of 
warm hospitality and we renewed friendships. 

Friday was a day for many and varied activ- 
ities, both on and away from campus. We had 
fifteen golfers on — and off — the fairways of the 
Worcester Country Club. A special, eye-open- 
ing campus tour was conducted by Alumni Sec- 
retary Steve Hebert. and classmates who had 
not been back to WPI for some time were 
amazed to find the significant changes that had 
taken place. 

By late afternoon we were reassembling in 
our Hospitality Room, keeping our bartenders 
John Dwyer. Bob Ferguson and Warren Salt- 
marsh busy. Then came the BIG BANQUET, 
a lively and colorful affair, much of which was 
recorded by our "unofficial" photographer. 
Norm Clark. Jerry Vails excellent toastmas- 
tering enhanced the program, highlighted by 
special guest Professor Art Gerstenfeld. who 
told us about automation and its effect on so- 



ciety. Later, many of us took the microphone 
to offer anecdotes of our student days at Tech. 

Sumner Sweetser presided over an election 
of the following officers: George Lyman. Pres- 
ident: Ed Johnson. Vice President; Al Brown- 
lee, Secretary: and Tom Decker. Auditor. 
Continuing in office are: Ed Allen. Treasurer: 
and Bill Anderson. Historian. 

Saturday found us taking part in activities on 
campus, including a meeting of 50 Year As- 
sociates. Then, preceded by music from the 
Bagpipe Band, we enjoyed the biggest-ever 
Annual Reunion Luncheon in Harrington au- 
ditorium. Our class won the Class of '17 Cup 
for the largest percentage of living members 
present, accepted by Reunion Chairman George 
Lyman. Ed Johnson presented President Cranch 
with our class gift, which comprised the gen- 
erosity of 81 percent of our class members. The 
donation is represented by a large classroom 
and adjacent conference room in the renovated 
Washburn Shops. 

With the luncheon over, our class said their 
good-byes and prepared to leave for home. We 
had ample reason to reflect and to be proud. 
Most of us, graduating in the depths of the 
Great Depression, could make only slow and 
modest starts, but we subsequently ended up 
with astonishingly diverse, yet meaningful and 
productive careers. As classmates from '33. we 
can truly say that we "earned our living" all 
the way — and had a lot of fun in the process. 
Al Brownlee, Class Secretary- 



30 WPI JOURNAL 



Dan O'Grady and Carl Backstrom are plan- 
ning a Class of 1930 golf tournament in the fall, 
probably at the Woods Hole Country Club on 
the Cape. Anybody care to join us? 

Carl W. Backstrom, Class Secretary 



1931 



Elsie and Richard Fairbanks celebrated their 
50th wedding anniversary at the family home 
in Rutland, MA, on January 1. A former nurse, 
she graduated from Hahnemann Hospital School 
of Nursing, Worcester. Before his retirement, 
Fairbanks was an aeronautical expert with the 
federal government. 



1932 



Dr. Fred Bickford has been named the 1983 
Eugene C. Sullivan Award recipient. The award, 
established by the Corning Section of the 
American Chemical Society, recognizes, among 
other things, meritorious achievement in re- 
search. Dr. Bickford is credited with key de- 
velopment work on the fused-silica process that 
has produced mirrors for space and has become 
the cornerstone of optical waveguide technol- 
ogy. He retired in 1974 as manager of specialty 
ceramics research in Coming's Research and 
Development Division. 



1934 



John Birch, who had been hospitalized follow- 
ing a heart attack, now serves as a photogra- 
pher for the Sunny Hills (FL) Fire Department, 
which he founded. A volunteer in six organi- 
zations, he also helped set up the local Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Bill Burpee writes that since retiring from the 
Badger Co. in 1979, he has been spending sum- 
mers gardening and golfing in Reading, MA, 
and winters golfing and loafing in Naples, FL. 

Last April Carl Hammarstrom presented a 
paper on Improving Right-of-Way Surveys and 
Records at the ASCE Specialty Conference in 
San Antonio. The National Society of Profes- 
sional Surveyors (NSPS) honored Carl for his 
contributions as area director at the 1983 con- 
vention of NSPS in Washington, DC. 

Ray Sjostedt, after leaving plastics and Civil 
Preparedness for the state of Connecticut, got 
involved in Advertising Specialties part time. 
He and Peg spent the last two winters in New 
Mexico, where Ray took lessons in painting 
from a University of New Mexico art teacher. 
"Looking forward to our 50th!" 

Everett Sellew serves as treasurer of his church 
and of the local branch of the American Red 
Cross. Recently he took up golf, but his fa- 
vorite activity is working in the yard. 

Howard Whittum is doing some consulting 
work and research on crime prevention and 
aluminum neurotoxicity. He recently finished 
his second year as president of the Tech Old- 
Timers Club. "Come and visit us when you're 
in Worcester. We meet the second Thursday 
of the month, September through May, at 9:30 
a.m. in WPI's Gordon Library." 

Howard A. Whittum, Class Secretary 



40th Reunion of WPr43 

Who says you can't turn back the clock? Not 
the 29 couples and seven singles who came back 
for our 40th reunion. The air was full of fond 
memories for three days as 65 people thor- 
oughly enjoyed the festivities. 

The events started at Friday evening's re- 
ception at the home of President Edmund and 
Virginia Cranch. who welcomed us back to the 
campus. Then it was on to the Higgins House 
for a good old New England clambake with 
tasty steamers and succulent lobsters. Then off 
to the Goats Head Pub in the old Sanford Riley 
Commons Room for beer and dancing to a 
lively banjo band. 

Those who stayed at the Marriott will never 
forget the eight to ten false fire alarms which 
sounded until the wee hours of Friday morning. 
Screaming loudspeakers, shrill sirens and roar- 
ing fire trucks kept us hopping. 

Our hospitality suite at the Marriott almost 
never stopped entertaining. Friends came and 
went — but mostly stayed and kept the conver- 
sation full of "remember whens." We were in- 
deed fortunate to have Mai and Helen Walker 
as host and hostess, for they arranged a well- 
stocked facility and saw that it operated prop- 
erly as the focal point of our activities. 



At the Reunion Luncheon on Saturday our 
Gift Chairman Pete Lindsay requested that our 
bountiful gift be used to refurbish some part 
of the Washburn Shops, which are now 
undergoing complete refurbishing and expan- 
sion. We were also proud to observe that three 
of the five award recipients were from '43. Bai- 
ley Norton and Earl Page each received a God- 
dard Award for excellence in professional 
achievement and Ed Campbell received the 
Taylor Award for distinguished service to WPI. 

The Tatnuck Country Club was a beautiful 
setting for cocktails, dinner and dancing on Sat- 
urday evening. Jim Donahue, '44, Trustee of 
the college, was our guest and speaker. In his 
inimitable style he gave us one belly laugh after 
another with his stories and community sing- 
ing. 

Sunday morning and continental breakfast 
at the Marriott hospitality area arrived all too 
soon. With much hugging and kissing we told 
our final stories, showed once more our grand- 
children's pictures, took photos and said our 
fond farewells. Our sincere thanks go to Bob 
Bierweiler and his Reunion Committee, for 36 
grads and 29 wives just can't wait until the 45th. 
Ed Campbell, Reunion Secretary 



1935 



Wesley Proctor, formerly of Chatham, MA, 
has moved to Woodlawn Lakes, Lake Drive, 
Palmetto, FL. 



1936 



George Rocheford said in February, "Am 
winding up my last year as head agent of our 
class." He and Laura have moved from South 
Natick. Currently thev reside at 39 Colton Lane. 
Shrewsbury, MA 01545. 



1938 



Last year Dr. Gilbert Ashwell, chief of the bio- 
chemistry laboratory at the National Institute 
of Arthritis, Bethesda, MD, received a foun- 
dation award of $15,000 for "outstanding 
achievement in the field of medical science." 



1939 



Last year the John Peaveys took their first trip 
to Europe with a garden group. He writes: 
"Enjoying life in the Blue Ridge Mts. Growing 
azaleas and rhododendrons from seeds and cut- 
tings." 



1940 



Albert Howell has retired after 38 years with 



Mack Trucks. He worked in the test laboratory 
and was concerned with bus design, off-high- 
way design and chassis design analysis. For four 
years he was also associated with Chrysler's 
advance engineering department. 

Fritz Johanson retired last year from Warner 
& Swasey Co., Worcester. 

Norman Laliberte. now retired as senior re- 
search chemist from American Optical Co. 
(AO), says that tennis has replaced track as 
his current activity. At AO he was instrumental 
in the development of the RX plastic lens. 



1941 



Sidney Clark has retired as chief engineer with 
Aetna Steel Company after 41 years of contin- 
uous service. 

Norman Klaucke writes that he enjoys win- 
ters on Hutchinson Island, Jensen Beach, FL. 
"Fishing, swimming and golfing just great." 



1942 



In March Rodney Paige retired as vice presi- 
dent of engineering at Pfizer, Inc., following 
32 years of service. 



1943 



The director of pre-print systems for the Graphic 
Communications Association (GCA) in 1976- 
77, William Tunnicliffe was recently named as 
vice president of information technologies for 
the firm. One of his responsibilities is further- 
ing the development of GCA GenCode. 



AUGUST 1983 



31 



1944 



Louis Baldini. a registered engineer, holds the 
post of vice president and chief design engineer 
of the Electrical Group at I.C. Thomasson & 
Associates, Inc.. Consulting Engineers, in 
Tennessee. He joined the firm in 1960. follow- 
ing 16 years with Westinghouse. the Kellex 
Corporation and several electrical contracting 
firms. 



1945 



Dr. Joseph Carrabino continues as a faculty 
member in the business school at UCLA. He 
also does consulting work with Litton. 

Prof. Owen Kennedy has been named asso- 
ciate head of the WPI Electrical Engineering 
Department. 

Dr. Ernest Kretzmer now works for ABI. 

Robert Lotz recently retired from Printing 
Developments. Inc., Springdale, CT. 



1946 



George Comstock has been named chairman at 
Durango Systems, Inc. 

William Grogan, dean of undergraduate 
studies at WPI. has been elected a fellow by 
the board of directors of IEEE. 

Carlton Lutts is the editor of The Cabot Mar- 
ket Letter, which is published in Salem. MA. 
The publication discusses the hottest stocks and 
gives tips on when to buy and sell. 

Cecil McCurry, no longer with Crown Zel- 
lerbach. is now self-employed as a consultant 
to the pulp and paper industry. 

Edward Waranowicz has joined the archi- 
tectural engineering firm of Hoyem-Basso As- 
soc, Inc., Troy, MI. as vice president and di- 
rector of mechanical engineering. Previously, 
he was deputy group leader for Bechtel Power 
Group. A registered professional engineer, he 
is NCEE certified, as well. 



1947 



Jack Harding holds the post of vice president 
and chief scientist at Litton Data Systems in 
Van Nuys, CA. The division is involved in a 
five-year program to develop state-of-the-art 
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) technol- 
ogy- 



1948 



Charles Jones continues as president of NUS 
Corp., now located in Gaithersburg, MD. 

Louis Katz is now assigned to the Nether- 
lands NATO E-3A (AWACS) project. 

Lynwood Lentell retired from Caltrans in Julv 
of 1982. 

Jim McKernan. who recently left Du Pont 
after 33 years of service, is now a self-employed 
manufacturer's representative selling steel 
drums, plastic drums and chemical product 
containers. 



Herb Slaughter 
Wins Kolk Award 

For 37 years, Herbert Slaughter, Jr., '46, 
has been helping to make America's sky- 
ways safer. Last fall, he was awarded the 
prestigious Franklin W. Kolk Air Trans- 
portation Progress Award for his out- 
standing contributions in the field of air 
transportation. The award was presented 
at the Society of Automotive Engineers 
(SAE) Aerospace Congress & Exposition 
held in Anaheim, CA. 

A manager for Sikorsky Aircraft in 
Stratford, CT, since 1976, Slaughter pre- 
viously had been with the Federal Avia- 
tion Administration (FAA) for 27 years. 
During that period, he helped develop 
safety regulations and civil certification 
policy for all types of aircraft, including 
helicopters, jumbo jets and the SST. He 
also contributed much to the work of the 
SAE aerospace technical committees and 
to the Aerospace Council. 

At the award presentation the Society 
cited Slaughter's professional advance- 
ment of air transportation and, particu- 
larly, his concern for the industry's safety 
aspects. 

"Prior to joining the FAA." Slaughter 
says, "I held posts with Douglas Aircraft 
and Capital Airlines. I started out as a 
flight test engineer with the FAA. When 
I left in 1975 , 1 was chief of all engineering 
services related to the certification and 
production of all civil aircraft, as well as 
engines, propellers and accessories." 

In 1973 Slaughter represented the U.S. 
at the International Civil Aviation Or- 
ganization, an adjunct of the UN. where 




On the job at Sikorsky 

he promoted U.S. safety standards as an 
international standard. 

Currently Slaughter is manager of In- 
terfunctional Product Integrity at Sikor- 
sky, where he is also responsible for civil 
certification and quality procedures. He 
is chairman of the Product Integrity 
Council. 

A member of several professional so- 
cieties. Slaughter has, in addition, been 
active with his local Little League and the 
YMCA. He belongs to Tau Beta Pi, Skull 
and Phi Sigma Kappa. He is a former vice 
president of the Washington (DC) chap- 
ter of the WPI Alumni Association. 



1949 



Formerly the assistant general manager for en- 
gineering at Electric Boat (EB). Groton, CT. 
John Hunter was recently named to the new 
post of assistant general manager for special 
projects. Hunter, who has been with EB for 
34 years, belongs to the Society of Naval Ar- 
chitects and Marine Engineers and is a regis- 
tered professional engineer in Connecticut. 



1950 



Last spring photographer "Hank" Baker and 
his artist wife, Marie, had an unusual joint art 
exhibit at the Hudson National Bank in Acton. 
MA. Last year Hank retired from his civilian 
job with the Army Corps of Engineers after a 
30-year career in civil engineering. 

Dan Harrington's company. Sunnyside Mo- 
tor Co. of Holden, MA, has been awarded a 
distinguished achievement award by the Ford 
Motor Co. for the 31st consecutive year. 



Russ Norris wrote "Weather-Proof Surface 
Coatings." which appeared in the January issue 
of Building Operating Management. He is a 
partner of Brodsky & Norris, Inc.. of Ridge- 
wood. NJ. a manufacturer's representative firm 
specializing in protective coating and construc- 
tion products. 

Philip Nyquist is a consultant on industrial 
safety and special projects for the Saudi Ara- 
bian Standards Organization in Riyadh. 



1953 



Henry Camosse, his parents and his sister toured 
Italy last summer, visiting Rome, Pisa and 
Venice. He continues with his concrete block 
and masonry supplies business in Worcester. 
Henry has two granddaughters and five grand- 
sons and wonders if that's a class record. 

George Crozier has been named a vice pres- 
ident by Monsanto, where he has worked since 
1956. He serves as president of Leonard Con- 
struction Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of 
Monsanto near St. Louis. MO. 



32 WPI JOURNAL 



Dick Davis, a WPI trustee and president of 
CCi, Inc.. spoke on the topic "Small Com- 
puters — A Big Subject" at the March meeting 
of the Junior Women's Club in Waterford. CT. 

Dr. Charles Dechand continues as a con- 
sulting physicist at Combustion Engineering in 
Windsor. CT. Two of the Dechand children 
are now in college. 

David Holmes has been appointed vice pres- 
ident in charge of operations for the Perini In- 
ternational Corporation in Framingham. MA. 
Most recently he served as project manager for 
a Middle East air base construction project. 

"Bud" Madigan is still the CEO of Worces- 
ter's F. W. Madigan. Inc. He is president of 
the Worcester General Building Contractors 
Association and a member of the Consulting 
Constructors' Council of America. In his spare 
time he continues to run several thousand miles 
a year. 

O. B. McKnight continues as manager of do- 
mestic sales at Heald in Worcester. He also 
teaches engineering one night a week at Cen- 
tral New England College. 

William Mears recently received a Technical 
Board Certificate of Appreciation during the 
1983 Honors Convocation of the Society of Au- 
tomotive Engineers (SAE). Bill, who is with 
Mobil's Automotive Lab., has made outstand- 
ing contributions to the SAE Passenger Car- 
Light Truck Fuel Economy Measurement 
Committee through his research on chassis dy- 
namometers. 

Ray Peterson, chief engineer for American 
Shoe Machinery in Woburn, MA, has been 
named associate editor of the "Puzzle Korner" 
of the New England Engineering Journal. He 
is a registered professional engineer, belongs 
to ASME and the Massachusetts Safety Coun- 
cil, and has an MSME from Northeastern Uni- 
versity. 

Paul Snyder holds a new Mobil post as man- 
ager of the refinery technical department with 
the Saudi Ministry of Petroleum and Minerals 
in Yanbu. Saudi Arabia. He is involved in the 
start-up of an export refinery, which is being 
carried out under a 50-50 Mobil and Saudi part- 
nership. 

"Stan" Stanton is with Scientific Atlanta in 
Phoenix, AZ. He has an accounting degree 
from Arizona State. 

David Van Covern is president of his own 
firm. Carolina Industrial Equipment, Inc., in 
Charlotte, NC. The company is basically a 
manufacturer's representative for industrial 
plant vehicles and sweepers, although it does 
sell and service some products. 

Seymour Vershon, formerly with Tenneco 
Chemicals, Inc., has been named director of 
finance by Gov. John Sununu of New Hamp- 
shire. He has an MBA from the Wharton School 
of the University of Pennsylvania. 

David S. Jennex, Class Secretary 



1954 



Bill Hills is a VITA volunteer and lectures at 
local colleges on textile fibers and the engi- 
neering profession. His business. Hills R&D, 
Inc., in Melbourne. FL. manufactures syn- 
thetic fiber extruding machinery. 

John Malloy, Jr., town administrator of 
Westfield, NJ, for the past 13 years, has re- 
ceived an award for career excellence given 



annually by the New Jersey Municipal Man- 
agement Association. 

Milton Meckler of the Meckler Group. En- 
cino. CA. has been serving as adjunct professor 
of mechanical and chemical engineering at Cal- 
ifornia State University at Northridge. In Feb- 
ruary he delivered a paper at the International 
Daylighting Conference in Phoenix, and he was 
recently elected vice president of the Encino 
Chamber of Commerce. He is listed in the fifth 
edition of Who's Who in Engineering. 

Ed Power, who recently returned from a 
family reunion in France, is manager of Gen- 
eral Foods' Guadala Harry's restaurant chain. 

Frank Rybak of Artek Associates (consult- 
ing and design of opto-electronic systems) in 
Glen Arm. MD. says his firm is involved with 
microprocessors in products for traffic control 
and architectural use. 

Roger Wildt has been named assistant man- 
ager of Bethlehem Steel Corporation's sales 
engineering division for the steel group. Pre- 
viously he was project manager of the division. 
Before joining Bethlehem in 1960. he was an 
associate professor of civil engineering at WPI. 
Roger R. Osell, Class Secretary 



25th Reunion of WPI '58 

58 IS GREAT was our motto for the week- 
end — and it was! From the early comers' 
Thursday night return to the old Boynton Cafe 
to the last cups of coffee that we wearily shared 
at the Sunday brunch, we had a wonderful time. 

We read eagerly of our classmates' accom- 
plishments in the yearbook Jim Demetry had 
prepared. And once caught up, we were off 
and running. We duffers lifted the turf at 
Worcester Country Club. We all viewed our 
own Bill Rabinovitch's exhibit of his expres- 
sionist paintings at Gordon Library, hiked 
around the campus, learned at mini-seminars, 
antiqued, went landmark hunting and couldn't 
find the Valhalla — but all spent and spent at 
Spags. danced, ate. sang, and toasted ourselves 
at every possible opportunity. 

However, we were not on our dignity all the 
time — a bit noisy perhaps at the Alumni 
Luncheon. But we were forgiven our fun as we 
rang bells for ourselves when Dave Crimmins 
announced 1958's impressive gift to the col- 
lege. We were proud of our ability to be so 
generous. 

Track coach Merle Norcross. Dean Bill Gro- 
gan and Professor Bob Wagner joined us at 
our Saturday evening banquet. The festivities 
produced a few surprises from MC Howie 
Painter and his henchmen, particularly from 
one Mike "we'll follow you anywhere" Gut- 
man. The devilment went on and on; no one 
was spared. Clearly, the evening was on its way 
again. Back home we went to Boynton Hill on 
one of the best bus rides ever, inspired to stay 
up all night. 

We abandoned our hospitality suite at 3:30 
Sunday morning. And with our amiable hosts 
Dave "Max" Denniston and Stan Graveline, 
we rolled down the hill for our last night in 
the dorm. 

We kissed, hugged and back-slapped our 
good-byes at Sunday brunch. Our 25th reunion 
was history. We made it! 

Robert J. Bovea, Reunion Chairman 



1955 



Brian Kelly, vice president of marketing for 
Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania, has 
just been assigned the additional duties of vice 
president of operations. In his new post, he 
will direct more than 18,000 employees. He 
also has been elected to the board of trustees 
of Hahnemann University in Philadelphia. 



1956 



Chris Baehrecke won a two-year selectman's 
seat in the Paxton. MA. town election in May. 
A former town assessor. Chris is president of 
R. L. Whipple Co., Inc.. Worcester. 

Robert Farrar was recently elected chairman 
of the board of directors of the Keene (NH) 
Co-operative Bank. Past president of the local 
Rotary Club, former church deacon, incorpo- 
rator of Cheshire Hospital and past member of 
the Keene Board of Education. Farrar serves 
as president of Frederick A. Farrar. Inc., and 
Farrar Engineering. 

After 20 years with Foxboro Co.. Joe Pa- 
parella is now vice president of international 
operations at Jamesbury in Worcester. The 
youngest of his three children. David, is in the 
Class of 1986 at WPI. 

The Rev. Paul Schoonmaker was a member 
of a group slated to visit Russia in May for the 
purpose of establishing closer ties with Russia's 
5 million Baptists. 



1957 



Neil Armstrong is assistant purchasing agent at 
the Lane Construction Corp. in Meriden, CT. 



1958 



Frank DeFalco. professor of civil engineering 
at WPI, was named to the Worcester City Plan- 
ning Board. He is president of DeFalco En- 
gineering Associates, Inc., and a registered 
professional engineer and land surveyor. Be- 
sides two degrees from WPI, he holds a doc- 
torate in structural engineering from the Uni- 
versity of Connecticut. This year he was captain 
of the "Friends of WPI" squash team, which 
won the "C" League Massachusetts Squash 
Racquets Association State Championship. 

Anthony DiGiovanni was recently named vice 
president of distribution and engineering at 
Boston Gas. He is responsible for the instal- 
lation and maintenance of the firm's under- 
ground facilities and piping, as well as the 
administration of the engineering department. 

William Wesolowski holds the post of man- 
ager of the Thin FilnvPCB Section in the Mi- 
croelectronics Department at Raytheon Com- 
pany in Sudbury, MA. 



1959 



Frederick Costello has been named vice pres- 
ident of Union Carbide Eastern, Inc., a sub- 



AUGUST 1983 



33 



sidiary of Union Carbide Corporation. He will 
have charge of the firm's chemicals and plastics 
sales and marketing activities throughout 
Southeast Asia and will be based in Hong Kong. 

While restoring his 1815 farmhouse in Amos- 
town, MA, F. Bernard Lally's interest in early 
history and Indian lore led him to write an 
update of local area history, sections of which 
have been appearing in a West Springfield 
newspaper. Helping Dad with the farmhouse 
restoration are sons John, '84, and Michael, 
'86. Lally teaches physics at Chicopee High 
School. 

Morgan Whitney is plant manager of the 
Electronics Division at Ford Aerospace & 
Communications Corporation in Lansdale. PA. 



1960 



George Cadwell, Jr., wrote "Understanding 
HEPA Filtration." which appeared in the Jan- 
uary issue of MD&DI. He is vice president of 
Flanders Filters, Washington, NC. 

In January Larry Cohen retired from engi- 
neering and law. Next year he and his wife. 
Linda, a clinical psychologist, plan to go to 
Israel. 

In December Robert Mulholland, Jr., was 
promoted to the rank of colonel in the U.S. 
Army. He is deputy director for procurement 
and production at CECOM in Ft. Monmouth. 
NJ. 

Ronald Vieraitis, still employed by Lock- 
heed Missiles and Space Co.. is now a super- 
visor of the svstems effectiveness group in Aus- 
tin, TX. 

Peter Zilko has been named director of mar- 
keting of Eagle Signal Controls' new industrial 
business unit in Austin, TX. The unit has re- 
sponsibility for all Eagle Signal industrial con- 
trol products. 



1961 



William Calder, manager of the power supply 
business unit for the Foxboro (MA) Company, 
edited the North American edition of Robin 
Garside's Intrinsically Safe Instrumentation: A 
Guide, published by ISA last spring. He serves 
as vice president of ISA's Standards and Prac- 
tices Department. 

Thomas Maloney, Jr., a vice president of 
E.F. Hutton & Co.. Inc., was recently named 
manager of the firm's Boston office. Previously 
he was manager of Hutton's Burlington, MA, 
office. He was appointed a vice president in 
1981. 

William Peirce has been appointed head of 
the newly created department of computer 
studies at Cape Cod Academy. Osterville, MA. 
He has an MBA from Northeastern Universitv. 



1962 



Jesse Erlich has been elected president of the 
Boston Patent Law Association and is also 
serving on the board of governors. His article, 
"Understanding Patents and the Patent Sys- 
tem," appeared in the January issue of Optical 
Engineering. 



1963 



Dick Dann, staff editor of Machine Design, won 
a Certificate of Merit in the 1983 Jesse H. Neal 
Editorial Achievement Awards Competition, 
sponsored by American Business Press. His 
winning nine-industry series of articles probed 
different industries, from aerospace to recre- 
ational equipment. 



How to Heat for Free — Well, Almost! 



Cheap energy! If a genie jumped out of 
its bottle and offered to grant three of 
your fondest wishes, low-cost domestic 
energy could well be first on your list. If 
you've totted up your oil bill lately, you 
know that it's somewhere just this side of 
a king's (sheik's?) ransom. 

Well, you don't need to use one of your 
wishes to save on energy bills. According 
to Cap Chenoweth. '64. almost all the en- 
ergy you'll ever need to heat or cool your 
home is right in the ground beneath your 
house. Says Cap, sole proprietor of Sun- 
works Construction and Engineering, 
Stowe, VT, "A closed-loop, ground-source 
heat pump can harness this energy and 
transfer it into the home or business to 
provide domestic heating and hot water 
needs at one-third the cost of conven- 
tional fuels." 

The ground naturally stores heat ra- 
diated by the sun, as well as warm rain in 
the spring, summer and fall. Using a heat 
pump, this stored ground energy can be 



extracted and then boosted to higher tem- 
peratures for use in heating systems. 

A heat pump transfers heat from one 
place to another. The largest selling model 
uses 4'/2 kilowatts of electricity to produce 
up to 16 kilowatts of energy. "Therefore, 
about two-thirds of the energy used for 
heat and hot water," Chenoweth ex- 
plains, "is obtained free." 

A closed-loop ground extraction sys- 
tem is used primarily because it eliminates 
the massive amounts of water needed to 
be pumped and then discharged by 
groundwater heat pumps. 

Chenoweth, who earned both his BSME 
and MSME at WPI, has worked as a ma- 
rine scientist, ocean engineer and physics 
instructor. Since 1977, he has been a self- 
employed contractor specializing in the 
design and construction of solar-assisted 
homes and in the sale and installation of 
solar systems, heat pumps and micro- 
processor energy management control- 
lers. 



Charles Elfreich serves as town engineer in 
Mamaroneck. NY. One of his innovations has 
been the hiring of engineering students as part- 
time summer help to log progress of various 
construction projects. 

Bob Gowdy is now chairman of physics at 
Virginia Commonwealth University. 

Dennis Heath was recently promoted to sen- 
ior application engineer for GE's Distribution 
Equipment Marketing Operation. 

Robert Magnant is technical director of the 
Army's Communications Electronics Engi- 
neering Installation Agency for the continental 
United States. He was a recent speaker at the 
Newport (RI) Naval War College. 

Edward Platow is department chief of com- 
puter education at Western Electric in Hope- 
well, NJ. 

Jack Slovak was co-author of "Tapping the 
Reverse Osmosis Market." which appeared in 
the February issue of Water Conditioning. He 
and his brother, Robert, are principals in The 
Water Factory, a marketer of reverse osmosis 
purification equipment in Costa Mesa, CA. 

Recently Nishan Teshoian was promoted to 
vice president and general manager of Cooper 
Petroleum Equipment, a division of Cooper 
Industries in Houston, TX. He had been plant 
manager of the firm's pump plant division in 
Quincy, IL. The company manufactures mud 
pumps, draw-works and swivels. 



1964 



BORN: to Mr. and Mrs. Larry Hull their third 
daughter, Kateri Elinor, on December 2, 1982. 

Dr. Joe LaCava has transferred from Bell 
Labs to the new AT&T subsidiary. American 
Bell. He says. "My children have led me into 
the roles of Scout leader and president of Youth 
Athletic Leagues." 

Dr. Al Potvin has been elected president of 
the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biol- 
ogy Society, the largest of the professional so- 
cieties for biomedical engineers. Also, he has 
received a National Institutes for Handicapped 
Research (NIHR) Rehabilitation Engineering 
Center grant to continue his development of 
instrumented techniques for assessing function 
in normal and physically handicapped individ- 
uals. Al is professor and chairman of biomed- 
ical engineering at the University of Texas at 
Arlington, where his wife. Jan. is director of 
technical writing. 

Eastman Kodak has appointed David Wait 
as "technical associate of product in the Film 
Technical Services Division." Most recently he 
was a product senior engineer. 

Lt. Col. W. Charles Zisch was recently named 
director of the Air Force Electronic Systems 
Division program to modernize Spain's air de- 
fense system. Lt. Col. Zisch is responsible for 
joint U.S. and Spanish efforts in upgrading the 
countrv's radar and communications sites. 



1965 



Phil Baker has joined Atari. Inc.. of Sunny- 
vale. CA. as director of product management 
in the new Ataritel Division. Previously he held 
engineering and management positions with 
Polaroid. 



34 WPI JOURNAL 



Don Carlson has accepted the post of senior 
managing director of NSK-Torrington Co. in 
Tokyo. The joint venture company manufac- 
tures bearings and other precision compo- 
nents. "It's a homecoming, since it will be our 
third period of residence in Tokyo." 

Joe Gracia holds the post of product man- 
ager at Cornell Dubilier Electronics in New 
Bedford, MA. Married and the father of three 
children, Joe enjoys sailing. 

William Hagar continues as production en- 
gineering supervisor with the Davidson Rub- 
ber Division of Excello Corp. in Farmington, 
NH. He has been with the National Ski Patrol 
for 12 seasons. 

Ken Hultgren continues in London as man- 
ager of engineering for GE's international me- 
chanical drive steam turbines, for the Mechan- 
ical Drive Turbine Department in Fitchburg, 
MA. Business has taken him to China and Rus- 
sia. He and his family also have traveled 
throughout Europe. 

Currently Raymond Jacques is project man- 
ager for New England nuclear power plants at 
Combustion Engineering, Windsor, CT. The 
family enjoys tennis on their backyard court. 

Pat Moran was chairman for the Boxbor- 
ough (MA) Bicentennial Parade held on June 
25th. He has also made several contributions 
to the Boxborough Bicentennial book. 

John Porter is on active duty as a major in 
the U.S. Army Reserve and is chief of the Smoke 
Generator Specialist Branch of the Directorate 
of Training Developments at the Army Tech- 
nical School, Ft. McClellan, AL. 

B. S. Ramprasad is a principal scientific of- 
ficer in the Central Instruments and Services 
Laboratory of the Indian Institute of Science 
in Bangalore, India. His interests are in hol- 
ographic interferometry and speckle interfer- 
ometry for nondestructive testing and flow 
measurement. He also gives laser demonstra- 
tions and lectures in schools and colleges. His 
poetry, which is based on science, has appeared 
in the Journal of the Optical Society of Amer- 
ica. 

Henry Schneck holds the post of principal 
civil engineer for the Suffolk County Depart- 
ment of Public Works. He and his family have 
a waterfront home on the south shore of Long 
Island. 

Dr. John Wilson continues as president of 
Paul J. Ford and Co., Columbus, OH, a struc- 
tural-design firm. His children are into group 
swimming, and Wilson, who is on the board of 
the Greater Columbus Swim Team, also serves 
as a U.S. swimming official. 

John P. Jacobson, Class Secretary 



1966 



Phil Hopkinson is manager of engineering for 
specialty transformers at GE in Ft. Wayne. IN. 
His outside interests include kayaking, rocke- 
try and swimming. 

Dr. Robert Lisauskas recently received the 
Worcester Engineering Society Scientific 
Achievement Award. 

Marty Mastroianni is president of Inland 
Vacuum Jnd.. Inc.. "the largest manufacturer 
of vacuum pump fluids in the U.S." 

Mike Portanova celebrated his 40th birthday 
with a surprise party in Concord, MA, at- 
tended by many old friends, notably: Al Gian- 



notti, '65, who flew in from Denver; Jim Fee, 
Paul Giusti, Pat Moran and Bill Shields. Also: 
Stan Szymanski, '64, who made the trip from 
Youngstown, NY, Duke Gale and Walt Lan- 
kau. 



1967 



Russell Lukes is now manager of computer op- 
erations for Management Decision Systems, 
Inc., Waltham, MA. 



1968 



Reunion 



October 1, 1983 



Frank Alberti was recently promoted to asso- 
ciate professor at the University of Lowell in 
Massachusetts. Formerly an assistant professor 
of mechanical engineering, Dr. Alberti re- 
ceived his BS from Tufts, his MSCE from WPI, 
his MSME from Northeastern and his PhD from 
the University of New Hampshire. 

Richard Bernardo is director of the high school 
planetarium in Somerset, MA. 

Richard Broggi is project manager at Robert 
J. Baggett, Jr., Inc., in Mobile. AL. 

Ed Cannon has been named Northeast-8 
Conference Coach of the Year after leading 
Saint Anselm's soccer squad to a 5-1-1 con- 
ference record and a 9-5-1 overall mark. (Saint 
Anselm shared the conference championship 
with the University of Hartford.) Cannon, a 
former All-America booter, has been with the 
college for eight years. 

John Cunic continues as senior staff engineer 
with Exxon Research and Engineering Com- 
pany in Florham Park. NJ. Currently he is head 
of the Air Environmental Applications Group, 
where he conducts in-depth screening studies 
to identify the types of air pollution control 
equipment required by both affiliate and licensee 
facilities. He has been involved in the devel- 
opment of the Exxon wet gas scrubbing system 
for the petroleum industry's fluid catalytic 
cracking process. 

Jeff Decker has been named president of 
Shoemaker Development Corp.. Philadelphia, 
one of the largest construction firms in the Del- 
aware Valley. He is responsible for identifying 
and implementing real estate investment op- 
portunities. 

Richard Dubsky will spend the next aca- 
demic year in Israel as chairman of the science 
department at the Walworth Barbour Ameri- 
can International School in Kfar Shmaryahu. 
He is on leave as chairman of the mathematics 
department at St. Albans School and as math- 
ematics instructor at the University of Mary- 
land. 

Thomas Fitzpatrick has been appointed di- 
rector of vehicle test systems at RCA Auto- 
mated Systems. Norwood, MA. Last year he 
completed the Harvard University Program for 
management development. 

C. David Larson has been appointed inter- 
national maintenance products manager at A. W. 
Chesterton Company. Stoneham, MA. He will 
be responsible for the development and sup- 
port of industrial and marine maintenance 
products and systems in the 98 countries in 
which Chesterton products are marketed. 



William Poulin has been promoted to re- 
quirements engineer at Pratt & Whitney Air- 
craft Group. He manages and implements mar- 
keting strategies for the PW1120 engine. 

Terrence Sullivan, president of Boston Bay 
Capital, Inc., spoke on "Tax Shelters" at a 
February meeting of the North Shore Chapter 
of the National Association of Accountants in 
Wakefield, MA. 



1969 



John Gavitt writes: "Am on my way to Japan 
to be Sperry's representative at the U.S. Navy 
Yard in Yokosuka." 

Since December, Gordon Mears has been 
purchasing manager of Metal Bellows Corp., 
Sharon, MA. 

David Pratt is director of systems engineer- 
ing at Computer Design and Applications. Inc.. 
in Waltham, MA. The company makes com- 
puter array processors and medical-imaging 
systems. Pratt will direct all software and hard- 
ware product development. 

Albert Shahnarian, a biomedical engineer at 
UMass Medical Center in Worcester, has re- 
ceived his PhD from WPI. 

Robert Simonds writes: "A two-year-old and 
infant twins are keeping me busy at the mo- 
ment." Simonds is now vice president at Hayes 
Pump and Machinery Co., West Concord, MA. 

Francis Skwira, who has two daughters, was 
recently promoted to director of industrial 
services at EBASCO Services, Inc. 



1970 



Lawrence Cohen now has the title vice presi- 
dent-technical at Cavedon Chemical Co., 
Woonsocket, RI. He joined Cavedon in 1978 
as director of research. He has also been with 
Kendall Company and Union Carbide. In 1982 
he rejoined Cavedon. 

Ed Mason was slated to transfer as director 
of logistics with Cummins Engine Company to 
Sao Paulo, S.P., Brazil in June. 

Robert Smialek has been appointed a highly 
protected risk (HPR) officer by the Kemper 
Group. He joined Kemper in Boston in 1970. 
was named a supervising engineer in Chicago 
in 1973 and became manager of Kemper's cen- 
tral division HPR department in 1981. Early 
last year he was transferred to Brussels, Bel- 
gium, as general manager and executive vice 
president of Kemper, S.A. 



1971 



MARRIED: John Anderson and Patricia Ram- 
sey on March 26, 1983, in Painesville, OH. She 
graduated from Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity and is a teacher. Anderson is with Techni- 
care in Solon. 

Robert der Stein has been named vice chair- 
man of the New England Power Tools Planning 
Committee. An employee of the Massachu- 
setts Municipal Wholesale Electric Co. for the 
past seven years, der Stein is the first employee 
of a municipal organization to be appointed as 
an officer of the committee. 



AUGUST 1983 35 



Allen Downs, who continues with Integral 
Data Systems (IDS) in Milford. NH. recently 
did the programming for a color graphics proj- 
ect in conjunction with the introduction of the 
firm's new color printer. 

Ed Lowe has a new post as vice president of 
marketing for GE's Environmental Services in 
Lebanon. PA 

Stephen Sergio has been promoted to the 
rank of major in the US. Army He is sta- 
tioned in an infantry division in southern Ger- 
many. 

Glenn White has started a resident research 
associateship under the National Research 
Council at NASA Goddard Space Flight Cen- 
ter. 



1972 



.\ LURRIED: Gary Rand and Anne Lauria in 
East Boston. MA A senior software engineer 
at Nixdorf Computer. Burlington, she is a grad- 
uate of Emmanuel College. He serves as a 
project engineer at Xylogjcs. Inc. 

BORN: to Janice and Tim Laskowski a son. 
Kenneth Robert, on April 20. 1983. Brother 
Craig .Anthony is now three. 

Michael DiBenedetto has been appointed su- 
pervisor of power management by EUA Ser- 
vice Corporation. Lincoln. RI. He will be re- 
sponsible for power contracting and billing, 
production costing and power systems analysis. 
A professional engineer, he holds both a BSEE 
and an MSEE from WPI 

Jim Hargraves has left Universal Oil Prod- 
ucts and now works as a senior instrument and 
controls engineer in the polymer chemical plants 
at C.P.I. Plants. Inc.. in Southport. CT. 

Howard Levine has received his PhD from 
Rutgers. 

Jeff Petry is now direct district manager of 
the Cleveland office of Torrington Co. Besides 
keeping up with their four children. Mary Bol- 
ino Petry. '74. enjoys racquetball and bowling. 

William Singleton. Jr.. recently started a 
management consulting company. The Com- 
pany Doctor of Uxbridge. MA. 



1973 



Reunion 



October 1, 1983 



BORN: to Diane and Joe Luszcz a third son 
last October. Joe. who is slated to receive his 
MSEE from Northeastern University this year, 
was recently promoted to project manager at 
Hewlett-Packard in Andover. MA . . to 
Cheryl and Stephen Martin a son. Benjamin 
Corey, on November 4. 1982. Steve is in his 
first year of residency in ophthalmology at the 
University of Rochester Strong Memorial Hos- 
pital Center. ... to Mr. and Mrs K. Stephen 
Williams their first daughter. Kathenne. on 
October 12. 1982 Steve still works as plant 
manager and faculty member for Sterling In- 
stitute in Craftsbury Common. VT. 

Last year. Conrad Baranowski became man- 
ager of Gould. Inc.. Modicom Division. Power 
Conversion Group. The Baranowskis have a 
year-old daughter. Diana Lyn 

Richard Brontoli writes: "Have finished grad 
school at the Universitv of Florida with an ME 



degree. Now I am stationed at the Ft. Knox 
area engineer office in Kentucky."' 

Jason Burbank. a registered professional en- 
gineer, is with Energy Auditors &. Consultants. 
Inc.. Amherst. MA 

After nearly ten years with Teradyne. Bill 
Carton is now manager of system test and field 
service with a start-up company. Interactive 
Images, in Woburn. MA. The company is 
building an intelligent graphics work station 
with color CRT and touch-sensitive faceplate. 

Last year David Cirka received his master's 
degree in electric power engineering from RPI. 

Recently Robert Drake was named sanitary 
engineer for the Town of Framingham. MA 
Formerly president of Drake Associates of Fra- 
mineham. civil engineers and land survevors. 
he has an MSCE from MIT. 

John Kulig manages engineering services for 
the steam generation business unit of Babcock 
&l Wilcox's industrial power generation divi- 
sion. He joined the company in 1973. 

Mark Mooradian runs Coffee Kingdom on 
Richmond Ave.. Worcester's first cafe serving 
top-quality coffees and teas. He has an MS in 
counseling from Harvard. 

Charles Pritchard. no longer with Mid-Maine 
Medical Center, has joined the staff of Central 
Maine Power as a programmer analyst. 



1974 



MARRIED: Joseph McGinn to Debra Gebo of 
Westboro. MA. on October 29. 1982. Joe. who 
works as a senior environmental engineer at 
CE Maguire in Waltham. is active with bar- 
bershop quartets and conservation projects in 
Worcester County. 

BORN: to Linda and Paul ("Butch" i Boulier 
their first child. Natalie Lynn, on December 
29. 1982. Paul is a gTOup leader at Borden 
Chemical. Inc.. Leominster. MA. ... to Suz- 
anne and Louis Pisckelle a daughter. Kathryn 
Alexandria, on November 23. 1982. Piscitelle 
is working on his PhD in mathematics at North- 
eastern and consulting during the summer. . . . 
to Mr. and Mrs Ronald Sarver a daughter. 
Lauren Rachel, on December 29. 1982. Ron's 
business. Ronald Sarv er Caterers of Randolph. 
MA. has expanded into vending and cafeteria 
catering, besides the primary wedding busi- 
ness Sarver has been active in the National 
Association of Catering Executives. 

Steve Dacri. of Steve Dacri Productions. North 
Hollywood. CA. performed at Hollywood's 
Magic Castle in February, on the cruise ship 
M.S. Sagafjord in March. April and May and 
was slated to appear at the Chateau De Yille. 
Framingham. MA. with Tony Orlando in Au- 
gust. 

Stuart Daniels is senior plastics chemist at 
Teknor Apex Co.. Paw-tucket. RI. 

In February Bob Ferrari was named princi- 
pal in charge of the water pollution group at 
Thibault <fc Assoc.. Providence. RI. His re- 
sponsibilities are primarily in industrial waste- 
water treatment. Following three leg opera- 
tions. Bob is back running again and hopes to 
see some of his former cross-country team- 
mates at the WPI Homecoming road race. 

Ed Gordon, now a senior software engineer 
at Autech Data Systems in Florida, has been 
selected for inclusion in Who's Who in the 
Frontier of Science <k Technology. 



James Ingraham is a senior research engi- 
neer with Polaroid in New Bedford. MA. 

Dr. Robert Lindberg w as recently named head 
of the Systems Control and Dynamics Section 
in the Aerospace Systems Division of the Naval 
Research Laboratory in Washington. DC. Bob 
completed his PhD in mechanical engineering 
at Columbia University in 1982. He and his 
wife. Nancy, live in northern Virginia with their 
children. Bethany. 3. and Christian. 1. 

Larry Martiniano is now assistant superin- 
tendent for engineering at Stone & Webster. 
Lycoming. NY 

Mark Ostergren has been promoted by Bab- 
cock and Wilcox to program administrator for 
business analysis of the pulp and paper industry 
in the industrial power generation division. 
North Canton. OH. He is responsible for mar- 
keting of recovery and power boilers. 

Grason-Stadler. Inc. (GSI). of Littleton. NLA. 
has promoted Janice Painter to director of mar- 
keting. In her new post, she is responsible for 
the firm's overall marketing function, including 
sales promotion, service, and its New England 
sales departments. 

Robert Parnass is now a member of the tech- 
nical staff at Bell Laboratories in Naperville. 
IL. For the past three years he has been a 
technical advisor to the American Radio Relay 
League. 

Gary Pontbriand has been promoted to man- 
ager of product engineering at Quabaug Rub- 
ber Company in North Brookfield. MA. Pre- 
viously, he was assistant plant manager. He 
serves as president of the Tri-Community Ex- 
change Club and as a board member of the 
Charlton Credit Union. 

Scott Rine is a deputy equal opportunity of- 
ficer with the Department of Defense (Navy) 
Activity and lives in Worcester. 

Norman Szamocki has been appointed su- 
perintendent of the rope mill at the Bethlehem 
Steel Wire Rope Division. Williamsport . PA. 
With the firm since 1974. Szamocki was pro- 
moted to engineer at the rope mill in 1976 and 
to assistant to the superintendent in 1979. In 
1981. he was named assistant superintendent. 

Peter Thacher writes that he flew around the 
world last year. His itinerary included an ele- 
phant trek through northern Thailand and a 
camping trip in northern India. 

Jim Rubino. Class Secretary 



1975 



.\L\RRIED: Alan Chandler and Laura Boiling 
Sullivan in St. Simons. G.A. on November 13. 
1982. Alan has his MBA from the Universitv 
of Missouri and is assistant structural engineer 
with Russell. Gibson. & Von Dohlen in Far- 
mington. CT. . . . Louis Christoforo and Karen 
Kirkland recently in Randolph. MA. She grad- 
uated from Randolph High School. They both 
are employed at Tech HighFi. Randolph. . . . 
Michael Simanonok to Michael Melinda Collier 
on March 19. 1983. in McAllen. TX. She grad- 
uated from SMU in Dallas. Both are with Texas 
Instruments. Simanonok is a systems analyst. 
BORN: to Joan and Richard Aseltine a son. 
Richard, recently. . . . to Brena and Scott Bick- 
nell a daughter. Amy Lee. on December 28. 
1982. Scott is a senior industrial engineer with 
theGM Assembly Division in Warren. MI. . . . 
to Mr. and Mrs Robert Cloutier a second 



36 WPI JOURNAL 



daughter, Amy, recently. Melissa is two. . . . 
to Peggy and Stephen Hernon a son, Patrick 
Kelly, March 17, 1983. Son Stephen, Jr., is 
two. Hernon serves as a computer consultant 
for firms in New York City. ... to Mr. and 
Mrs. Robert Sooy a daughter, Kristin Taylor, 
on August 25, 1982. ... to Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
Vanzler a daughter, Bonnie Alison, on January 
18, 1983. 

In December Mark Antonio completed re- 
quirements for a PhD of philosophy in chem- 
istry at Michigan State University. Employed 
in the molecular and surface spectroscopy group 
of Standard Oil Co. Research Center in Cleve- 
land, OH, Antonio also holds an MS from Fair- 
leigh Dickinson University. 

Thomas Bower now serves as director of op- 
erations and safety for the Department of the 
Army Chemical R&D Center. 

Mark Drown joined the engineering staff at 
Mclntire Company, Thomaston, CT, in March. 

Mark Iampietro serves as corporate manager 
of documentation and labeling at Delmed, Inc., 
a medical device and large-volume parenteral 
manufacturer in Canton, MA. He recently 
completed the construction of a home in Lake- 
ville, MA. 

Paul Loomis is a senior technical service rep- 
resentative for swimming pool chemicals at Olin 
Corporation. He has a two-year-old son, 
Douglas Alexander. 

David McGowan has been promoted to di- 
rector of products and technical service at Po- 
lyclad Laminates, Inc., Franklin, MA. Previ- 
ously he was multi-layer product manager, 
operations manager and manager of multi-layer 
and specialty products for Polvclad. He has a 
BS from UMass and an MS from WPI. 

Gary Rodgers has been promoted from cap- 
tain to lieutenant colonel and is now overseas 
with the U.S. Army 21st Support Command. 

John Watkins, a development engineer de- 
signing labeling machinery, has applied for his 
first patent. 



1976 



MARRIED: Douglas Adams and Mary Jo Pu- 
pek on April 16, 1983, in Springfield, MA. She 
attended UMass, Amherst. Both are employed 
at Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co.. 
where Adams serves as a system analyst. 

John Brady is a field sales engineer with Intel 
Corp. in Houston, TX. 

Bob Thorell and his partner, Charlie Schmohl, 
run Mountain Associates, a local solar panel 
installation company in Princeton. MA. 

Frank Vanecek recently received his PhD in 
decision science from Kent State University. 
He is an assistant professor of computer science 
and head of the economics and business de- 
partment at Norwich University, Northfield. 
VT. 



1977 



MARRIED: Stephen Akers to Janet Fritschen 
on March 26, 1983, in Vicksburg, MS. She 
graduated from Michigan State, and they are 
both employed by Waterways Experiment Sta- 
tion, where Akers is an ocean engineer. 
Chris Cocaine has a new post as facilities 




The man of many faces 

The Play's the Thing 
For Daniel Robbins 

The report of his demise was premature. 
He was supposed to have been murdered, 
but there he was, big as life, walking around 
town looking for the fellow who bragged 
that he had "done him in." His own son! 
In a nutshell, that is precisely the po- 
sition in which Daniel Robbins, '73 (CE), 
found himself recently while portraying 
Old Mahon in Synge's play The Playboy 



of the Western World in Athens. OH. 
Commenting on the performance, a local 
critic wrote, "Robbins is rousing as Old 
Mahon, bringing life to the supposedly 
dead father as well as the play itself. . . . 
He is electric!" 

Last June. Robbins received his master 
of fine arts degree through the Profes- 
sional Actors Training Program at Ohio 
University, Athens. During his final year 
of college, he served a four-month in- 
ternship at the Virginia Museum Theater 
in Richmond. While there, he appeared 
in Tiller's Count Dracula and Dickens's 
A Christmas Carol and he was an under- 
study in Kyte's Tintypes. 

Returning to Athens, he toured col- 
leges and high schools in Ohio and West 
Virginia as Tom Wingfield in Williams's 
The Glass Menagerie. He ended his resi- 
dency with the thesis role of Old Mahon 
in Playboy. 

Robbins's personal life is not devoid of 
drama. "A couple of years ago," he ex- 
plains, "I was working in a show with a 
12-year-old boy named Andy. Andy in- 
troduced me to his mother, Rita St. Clair, 
who also happens to have degrees in the- 
atre. Last June 18, Rita and I were mar- 
ried." 

Recently Robbins, his wife and stepson 
moved to Chicago, "where we are launch- 
ing new careers." They are presently 
associated with a newly established im- 
provisational group. The Public Access 
Theatre. The group was scheduled to per- 
form Irwin Shaw's Bury the Dead in May. 



project engineer at M/A-Com Components in 
Burlington, MA. 

Robert Cundall is now a supply analyst at 
Mobil Oil Corp., Fairfax, VA. 

Gail Nedbor-Gross holds the post of com- 
puter marketing manager for Tandy Corp./ 
Computer Shack in New York City. 

Joan Lyshack Roy is a programmer-analyst 
at Wyman-Gordon Co. in Grafton, MA. 

Andrew Sayles of Plympton, MA, has re- 
turned home after two years with the Peace 
Corps in Nepal. He worked on suspension bridge 
construction in the Himalayan nation, his proj- 
ect being located in the Gorkha District. 

Scott Sieburth is a senior research chemist 
at FMC in Princeton, NJ. He is slated to re- 
ceive his PhD in chemistry from Harvard this 
year. 



1978 



Reunion 



October 1, 1983 



MARRIED: Sandra Wyman and George 
Daniel on February 12. 1983. Sandra and George 
are starting a business involving energy recov- 
ery systems in Bangor. ME. Previously she was 
with Air Products in Allentown, PA. 
BORN: To Robert and Robin Paisner Chapeli 



their second daughter. Stephanie Lisa, on De- 
cember 16, 1982. Bob continues as an envi- 
ronmental engineer with LEA. Robin received 
her MS in environmental sciences at Harvard. 
... to Kathie and Jim Fowler a son, Andrew 
John, on January 14, 1983. ... to Mr. and Mrs. 
David Markey, a second child, Jennifer Anne, 
on November 26. 1982. David is a research 
engineer at Wyman-Gordon. 

Steven Diaz is an assistant professor of math- 
ematics at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Kevin Ingle was recently promoted to budget 
manager at Jamesbury Corp., Worcester. *I 
am becoming quite skilled at repairing and re- 
modelling the house my wife and I just pur- 
chased." he writes. 

Last year Ken Kummins became a principal 
in Quantum Group. Inc.. Berkeley. CA. He 
manages the Fire Protection Division. His firm 
is marketing representative for fireproofing 
material originally developed for the aerospace 
program (Polaris. X-15, etc.). 

Richard Ruscito is a senior process engineer 
at Olin Corporation in St. Marks. FL. 

Lt. Robert Sachuk, USN, is currently assis- 
tant resident officer in charge of construction 
at the Marine base. Camp Pendleton, in Cal- 
ifornia. Recently he received the Navy Medal 
of Commendation for work completed earlier 
as a staff civil engineer at the Naval Supply 
Center in San Diego. 



AUGUST 1983 



37 




Bill Delphos (center) with Jamaica's Prime Minister Seaga at OPIC conference 

Bill Delphos: OPIC's Satellite Entrepreneur 



Question: How can busy U.S. business 
executives intelligently explore foreign in- 
vestment opportunities without having to 
travel to time-consuming, expensive in- 
ternational conferences? 

Answer: Through "Telemission." 

Two years ago. the program and term 
did not exist. Today. "Telemission," the 
brainchild of Bill Delphos. 74MG, is 
making U.S. investors happy and creating 
thousands of jobs in developing nations. 

Last year Delphos. vice president of 
operations for the Overseas Private In- 
vestment Corporation (OPIC). intro- 
duced telemission. a live-by-satellite 
meeting linking business groups in six U.S. 
cities with government ministers and pri- 
vate entrepreneurs in Cairo. Egypt. 

The teleconference gave potential U.S. 
investors the opportunity to talk directly 
with prospective joint venture partners and 
government leaders about investment 
possibilities in Egypt. Walter Cronkite 
served as U.S. moderator in New York. 
Presidents Reagan and Mubarak led off 
the program. 



Delphos says. "This was the first time 
a federal agency had used network sat- 
ellite technology to make a foreign in- 
vestment 'visit.' " He was also co-chair- 
man of the follow-up live mission to Egypt 
two months later. 

As a result of the April teleconference, 
and the June mission, American compa- 
nies such as Land O'Lakes and Chemtex 
plan to invest more than $15 million in 
Egypt, creating 1,200 new jobs. 

In October Delphos chaired another 
successful telemission emphasizing op- 
portunities in the Caribbean islands. The 
"Telemission" concept has become so 
popular that other developing nations, in- 
cluding Israel and Indonesia, have sought 
OPIC sponsorship. 

Bill Delphos, who joined OPIC in 1981, 
previously held management posts with 
Gould, Inc.. of Chicago, where he had 
been director of Gould's international di- 
vision. In his current position, in Wash- 
ington. DC, he is responsible for OPIC's 
insurance, finance and marketing depart- 
ments. 



James ("Demetri") Shuris has been pro- 
moted to construction project engineer at Riley 
Stoker in Worcester. He joined the firm as a 
structural engineer in 1980. He holds an MS in 
construction project management from WPI. 
where he is currently working for his MBA. 



1979 



MARRIED: Stephen Blanchette and Doreen 
Shattuck on August 21, 1982, in Shrewsbury. 



MA. She is an accountant at Digital Equipment 
Corp.. Maynard, MA. He has received an MBA 
from Clark University and is an associate pro- 
gram manager at Digital in Stow. MA. . . . 
Dean Bogues and Patrice Bennett of Roslin- 
dale. MA, on August 28. 1982. She is a medical 
technologist at Ortho Diagnostic Systems in 
Westwood. and he is a sales engineer for Hew- 
lett-Packard in Lexington. MA. 

MARRIED: Edward Cuerdon to Nancy Hay- 
den in Waltham, MA, on December 9, 1982. 
She graduated from UMass, Amherst, holds 
an MS from Duke University, and is a staff 



physical therapist for Massachusetts Rehabili- 
tation Hospital. Cuerdon is with United Illu- 
minating in New Haven. CT. . . . John Jacob- 
son and Lisa Munroe on November 21. 1982. 
in Salem, MA. She graduated from Marian 
Court Jr. College of Business. Both she and 
Jacobson are associated with GE in Lynn. . . . 
Barbara Murtagh and Stephen McKinnon in 
Hampshire Hills. Milford. NH. on January 8. 
1983. Both with Sanders Associates, she is an 
electrical engineer and he a financial manage- 
ment trainee. She has an MBA from New 
Hampshire College and is studying for her 
MSEE at Northeastern. McKinnon graduated 
from Northeastern. 

Stephen Hull has received his PhD in phys- 
iology from Michigan State University. 

Paul Keenan has accepted a new post as con- 
struction management career development 
trainee in the Quincy (MA) Shipbuilding Di- 
vision of General Dynamics. 

Paul Peterson was recently promoted to chief 
underwriter at State Mutual in Worcester. He 
joined the firm in 1981. 

Mark Steblin has been promoted to captain 
in the Air Force. He is a development elec- 
tronic engineer at Eglin Air Force Base. 

Edward Tidman III has been advanced to 
assistant loan officer at Mechanics Bank in 
Worcester. With the bank since 1981. his latest 
responsibilities include account maintenance 
and new business development. He is also at- 
tending Suffolk University Law School. 



1980 



MARRIED: John Barghout and Cheryl Pybas 
in Fiskdale. MA. on June 19. 1982. A regis- 
tered nurse, she attended Holy Cross College 
and graduated from Our Lady of the Elms Col- 
lege in Chicopee. Barghout serves as a fire pro- 
tection engineer. . . . John Nenninger and 
Kathleen O'Leary in Auburn. MA. on October 
9, 1982. A registered nurse at the Fallon Clinic, 
Worcester, she graduated from Worcester State 
College. Burbank Hospital School of Nursing, 
Fitchburg. and Fitchburg State College. He is 
with Cincinnati Milacron. Heald Machine Di- 
vision. Worcester. . . . David Wilson and Cathy 
Girouard, '81, last October. Cathy is a quality 
control engineer with Digital in Maynard, MA. 
David works for GTE Sylvania in Needham. 

BORN: to Francie and Brownell Bailey a son. 
Brandon Little, on December 10. 1982. The 
baby's grandfather is Bruce Bailey, '51. . . .to 
Barbara and Francis Walsh a daughter, Ka- 
leena Heather, on January 16, 1983. 

Mihran Aroian now works for Bethesda Re- 
search Laboratories, the largest biotechnology 
and genetic engineering company in the coun- 
try. He holds the post of technical service com- 
munication specialist. 

For two years Grace Crooker was a civil en- 
gineer doing water surveys for the Peace Corps 
in Suva, Fiji. She has also been associated with 
the EPA in Acton, MA, and Denver. CO. She 
plans to earn a master's degree in sanitary en- 
gineering. 

Paul Doherty is a chemical engineer with 
Simtran in Medway. MA. He has an MS from 
the University of Michigan. 

Currently. Jim Racca works for the Cleve- 
land plant of Phillip A. Hunt Chemical Co., 
which has headquarters in New Jersey. 



38 WPI JOURNAL 



James Sweeney III, a systems analyst, has 
been awarded GE's Construction and Engi- 
neering Services Group's 1983 Young Engi- 
neer Award. Sweeney, who works for GE's 
Energy Applications Program Department in 
Schenectady, NY, was cited for his economic 
analysis of eight cogeneration plants on the West 
Coast. 

Eric Worthington serves as a programmer 
for Ensco, Inc.. Springfield, VA. 



1981 



Deborah Johnson Doherty is a member of the 
technical staff at TASC in Reading. MA. She 
holds an MS in statistics from the University 
of Michigan. 

Alan Figgatt serves as a programmer at Scope, 
Inc., Reston, VA. 

William Fletcher is a sales representative for 
Hewlett-Packard in Lexington, MA. 

John Grout continues as a programmer for 
IBM in Poughkeepsie, NY. 

Phil Gallagher works for Electric Boat and 
lives in New London, CT. 

Mary Jane Hall is a design engineer with 
Nasland Engineering in San Diego. CA. 

David Ireland has completed his master's in 
applied mechanics at Stanford University. 

2nd Lt. David Jensen has been awarded his 
silver wings after graduating from USAF Pilot 
Training School in Lubbock. TX. 

Lisa Kosciuczyk, a civil engineering assistant 
for Los Angeles County Flood Control, has 
been named an Outstanding Young Woman of 
America for 1982. 

Jack Ryan has accepted the post of product 
support engineer at Compugraphic Corpora- 
tion, Wilmington, MA. Previously he was as- 
sistant plant engineer for Jannell Truck Bodies 
in Woonsocket. RI. He also studies part-time 
for his MS in engineering management at 
Northeastern University. 



1982 



MARRIED: Paul Dagle and Ann Marie Irr in 
Weymouth, MA, on November 20, 1982. She 
graduated from Becker. Dagle works for the 
General Dynamics Electric Boat Division in 
Groton, CT. 

John Consiglio, a development engineer with 
AVCO-Lycoming in Stratford, CT, is active 
with WPI's jazz and concert music programs. 

Ernie Cormier is a design engineer in the 
space division at Rockwell International, Dow- 
ney, CA. He also does free-lance engineering 
in design and microprocessors. 

John Hollett is studying for his master's de- 
gree at RPI. 

Stuart Joseph serves as an electrical engineer 
with Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Fra- 
mingham. MA. 

Michael Lawrence is now with R. J. Mar- 
shall, Inc., Building Contractors, in Seekonk. 
MA. 

Edward Mellon is mechanical design engi- 
neer at Texas Instruments in Dallas. 

Thomas Potter, an ensign in the U.S. Navy, 
is enrolled in the Naval Nuclear Power Train- 
ing Program. 

Robert Riotto holds the position of manu- 



facturing engineer at Harris Corporation in 
Dover, NH. 

Gordon Swanson. who was previously with 
ConDiesel Mobile Equipment in Greenwich, 
CT, is now a manufacturing engineer with Texas 
Instruments in Attleboro, MA. 

Garrett Thompson is a software engineer for 
Harris Corporation's government communi- 
cations division in Melbourne, FL. 

Chris Wraight, an account executive with 
American Bell. Inc., lives in Boston. 



School of 

Industrial Management 

Nicholas Moffa, '56, president of Bay State 
Abrasives, has received an award from the U.S. 
Treasury Department for his volunteer service 
in the Savings Bond Program. He sold $21 mil- 
lion worth of savings bonds while chairman of 
the Greater Worcester Take Stock in America 
Center for 1981 and 1982. . . . Scott Sargent, 
'65, has been elected a director of Morgan 



Construction Co., Worcester. Also a vice pres- 
ident and controller, he has been with the firm 
for 26 years. He graduated from Bowdoin. . . . 
Kenneth Perry, '69, has organized Business 
Opportunity Counselors, Inc., Auburn, MA, 
which he serves as president. Previously he was 
with American Optical Corp. for 25 years, 
holding administrative, financial, personnel and 
management positions. He graduated from 
Bentley College. 

Jack Shields, '69, was featured in an article. 
"A New Strategy for No. 2 in Computers," 
which appeared in Business Week in May. 
. . . Carl Swanson, '70, has been named di- 
rector of quality assurance for Fenwal, Inc., a 
division of Kidde, Inc., in Ashland, MA. He 
joined the company in 1968 and has served as 
manager of production engineering and pro- 
tection systems engineering. A graduate of MIT, 
he belongs to IEEE and the American Society 
of Quality Control. . . . Kenneth Rizner, '80, 
was recently promoted to assistant plant man- 
ager at Hyde Manufacturing Co., Southbridge, 
MA. He started with the firm as a student and 
later became a routing analyst, product man- 
ager and special products manager. 



COMPLETED CAREERS 



Rollin T. Read, '11, died in a nursing home in 
Windham, ME, on March 4, 1983. He was born 
in Springfield. MA, on Aug. 13, 1888, and re- 
ceived his BSME from WPI. 

During both world wars he was director of 
safety and plant protection for Du Pont in Wil- 
mington, DE, and Elwood Ordnance plant in 
Joliet, IL, respectively. After World War I, he 
was an industrial engineer in the cotton man- 
ufacturing plants in New England. Before World 
War II. he managed the Dan River finishing 
plant and the Riverside Cotton mills in Vir- 
ginia. After World War II. he served as a con- 
sultant for various firms. 

Mr. Read, a past officer of many civic or- 
ganizations, was a life member of the Windham 
Historical Society. He belonged to Phi Gamma 
Delta. 

Stanley F. Hunt, '13, died at his home in 
Abington, MA, in January. He was 91. 

A Worcester native, he was born on March 
29, 1891. He was a salesman for the steel in- 
dustry for many years. Among his employers 
were the former American Steel and Wire Co., 
Black Steel & Wire Co. and Wickwire Spencer 
Steel Co. 

Mr. Hunt belonged to Phi Gamma Delta, 
the Masons and the United Church of Christ. 
During World War I he was an ensign in the 
U.S. Navy. 

William W. Spratt, '14, a longtime employee 
of Westinghouse. died in Philadelphia on De- 
cember 19, 1982, at the age of 89. 

He was born on Feb. 20, 1893, in South- 
bridge. MA. He received his BSEE and profes- 
sional EE degrees from WPI. In 1930 he re- 
ceived his LLB from Duquesne University. For 
many years he was with Westinghouse in Pitts- 
burgh, where he was an engineer and contract 
patent attorney. In 1958 he retired from West- 



inghouse and began a private law practice in 
Wilkinsburg, PA. 

A member of Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi, 
Mr. Spratt also belonged to the American Bar 
Association, the Kiwanis Club, the Presbyter- 
ian Church, the American Legion and the Ma- 
sons. He was active in Scouting. In World War 
I he served with the U.S. Navy. 

Dr. Arthur Nutt, '16, a member of the Avia- 
tion Pioneers Hall of Fame and a WPI Emer- 
itus Trustee, died in Boca Raton. FL, on April 
22, 1983. at the age of 88. 

He was born in New Rochelle, NY, and re- 
ceived his BSME from WPI. A pioneer aircraft 
engineer. Dr. Nutt was a retired vice president 
of the Lycoming Division of AVCO and a for- 
mer vice president of Curtiss- Wright Corp. 

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) 
called Dr. Nutt "one of the world's outstanding 
authorities on aircraft engines." He developed 
the first aircraft engine capable of producing 
350 horsepower over a 50-hour endurance test. 
His redesign of that engine powered airplanes 
that held all the world speed records for a dec- 
ade. He oversaw development of the famous 
Whirlwind and Cyclone engines. At Packard 
Motor Car Co. he helped develop two large 
jet engines, as well as new models of the Rolls 
Royce Merlin aircraft engines. At Lycoming 
he helped produce Wright Cyclone engines that 
powered 90 percent of the world's commercial 
airplanes. 

Dr. Nutt, who received an honorary doctor 
of engineering degree from WPI in 1941, was 
a past president of the SAE and a fellow of the 
Institute of Aerospace Sciences. He belonged 
to Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi and Pi Tau Sigma, 
and the Masons and the Sons of the American 
Revolution. He was a former president of the 
Western New York chapter of the WPI Alumni 
Association. 



AUGUST 1983 39 



Austin H. Welch, '19, died in Boston. MA. on 
February 25, 1983. He was 87. He was born in 
Lowell and graduated with a BSME. 

After working for several years as a con- 
struction engineer. Mr. Welch taught ther- 
modynamics at Dartmouth's Thayer School of 
Engineering and at the University of New 
Hampshire. In 1955 he founded the College of 
Advanced Science of Canaan, later known as 
Canaan College. 

A 32nd-degree Mason, he also was a charter 
member of the New Hampshire Professional 
Engineers and a veteran of the U.S. Naval Re- 
serve in World War I. He belonged to Phi Sigma 
Kappa and Skull. 

John Q. Holmes, '20, a retired General Motors 
(GM) executive, died in Royal Oak. MI. on 
February 13. 1983. He was born in Springfield. 
VT. on Nov. 27. 1898. 

Graduated as a mechanical engineer, he 
worked for Marmom Motor Car Co.. Delco 
Remy (GM). Axelson Machinery Co.. Eastern 
Aircraft (GM) and Buick-Oldsmobile-Pontiac 
(GM). In 1954 he became a member of the 
GM process development staff and in 1956 he 
was named to the GM manufacturing devel- 
opment staff. He retired in 1962 as an executive 
on GM's engineering staff after 38 years. 

Mr. Holmes belonged to Lambda Chi Al- 
pha, the Society of Automotive Engineers, the 
American Standards Association, the Engi- 
neering Society of Detroit and the Circumnav- 
igators' Club, as well as the Masons and the 
Shrine. He served with the U.S. Armv in World 
War I. 

Richard F. W. Johnson, Sr., '20, died on Feb- 
ruary 16, 1983, in Memorial Hospital. Worces- 
ter. A native of Buckland. MA, he was born 
on February 7. 1898. 

Before retiring in 1970. Mr. Johnson was 
with Riley Stoker. Worcester, for 45 years. 
Previously he had worked for Pullman Co. and 
American Locomotive Co. He was a registered 
professional engineer in Massachusetts. 

A charter member of Trinity Lutheran 
Church, he also belonged to Theta Chi. He 
was the father of Richard F. W. Johnson, Jr., 
'50. 

Roger R. Jenness, '21, of New Smyrna Beach. 
FL, passed away on February 17. 1983. He was 
born on Oct. 5. 1898. in Worcester. 



After receiving his BSEE. he joined A.W. 
Shaw Co.. Chicago, where he was assistant ed- 
itor of Factory Magazine. He later was con- 
cerned with real estate and mortgages. After 
serving with the Army Air Force Training 
Command in World War II. he became a pro- 
fessor of electrical engineering at Northwest- 
ern University, from which he retired as Pro- 
fessor Emeritus in 1968. 

Mr. Jenness belonged to ATO, Tau Beta Pi 
and Sigma Xi. as well as IEEE. ASEE and the 
Simulation Council. He had served as presi- 
dent and director of the National Electronics 
Conference. He held an MS degree from 
Northwestern. 

Joseph Kushner. '21, of Hallandale. FL, died 
recentlv. A Springfield, MA. native, he was 
born on Dec. 25, 1898. 

After studying at WPI, he joined the family's 
wholesale grocery business. In 1936 he became 
president of his own grocery business. Con- 
solidated Brokers, Inc., in Springfield. 

A member of the Tech Old-Timers, Mr. 
Kushner had also been active with the Boy 
Scouts, food broker organizations, his church, 
the Shrine and the community educational 
board. 

William ("Jerry") Martin, '21, died in Win- 
chester. MA. on March 28, 1983, at the age of 
84. He was born in Chelsea. MA. 

He graduated with his BSME. Prior to his 
retirement, he was a sales manager for Potter 
and Johnson, a machine tool manufacturer in 
Pawtucket. RI. 

Mr. Martin had served as chairman of the 
local chapter of the American Red Cross. He 
was president of the Class of 1921's 45th re- 
union committee, a former class vice president 
and past president of the Boston chapter of the 
Alumni Association. He belonged to Sigma Phi 
Epsilon. 

Howard F. Stephenson, '27, passed away at his 
home in Plainville, CT, on January 7, 1983. He 
was 76. 

A Plainville native, he was born on Jan. 23, 
1906. He graduated as a mechanical engineer. 
From 1927 to 1934 he was with Veeder Indus- 
tries. Hartford. In 1968, following 33 years of 
service, he retired from New Departure Hyatt 
Bearings, a General Motors division in Bristol. 

Mr. Stephenson, who was active in Scouting 




and Congregational Church work, belonged to 
Phi Sigma Kappa, the Tech Old-Timers and 
the Hartford Engineers Club. 

Lincoln H. Peterson, '28, died at home in Sar- 
asota, FL, on February 17, 1983, at the age of 
76. He was a Worcester native. 

After graduating as an electrical engineer, 
he joined the New York Telephone Co. Later 
he was associated with Bell Telephone Labs 
and AT&T, from which he was retired. 

Mr. Peterson was a member of SPE, the Al- 
bany Society of Engineers, the Elks, the Ma- 
sons, the Presbyterian choir and the Memorial 
Society of Sarasota. He was the father of Paul 
Peterson, '66. 

Boris Dephoure, '29, of Hollywood, FL, a for- 
mer merchandise group manager for Sears 
Roebuck, died of a heart attack on January 14, 
1983. 

He was born on August 30, 1907, in Worces- 
ter. A graduate ME, he had served as a Flying 
Cadet with the Army Air Corps and had been 
employed by Stone & Webster Engineering. In 
World War II he was with Army Ordnance in 
Boston. From 1947 to 1967, he worked for Sears 
Roebuck. 

William B. Kenyon, '31, of Springfield, MA, 
died recently. He was born in Indian Orchard 
on April 15, 1906. 

After receiving his BSME, he joined Fiber- 
loid Corp., now Monsanto. Later he worked 
for Consolidated Engineers and American Bosch 
Arma Corp. in Springfield. 

A registered professional engineer in Mas- 
sachusetts, Mr. Kenyon also belonged to the 
Chicopee Mfg. Association and the local tax- 
payers' association. 

Harold F. Lorenz, '31, passed away in Old Say- 
brook, CT, on February 22, 1983, following a 
long illness. He was born in Meriden, CT, on 
Dec. 30, 1907. 

He graduated with a BSEE and MSEE from 
WPI. During his career, he was a general man- 
ager for L.C. Doane Co., Essex, CT, and an 
electrical engineer for Electric Boat Division 
of General Dynamics, from which he retired 
in 1969. 

James McWhirter, Jr., '31, of Moylan, PA, 
died on December 24, 1982. He was a retired 
general manager of Pennsalt Chemicals, Phil- 
adelphia. 

Born in Scotland in 1909, he was a member 
of the Class of 1931 at WPI. He received his 
BS and MS at Middlebury College. 

Since joining Pennsalt in 1945, he had held 
several production management positions, in- 
cluding manager of manufacturing for the Phil- 
adelphia division. 

Percival G. Ridley, '31, a retired manufactur- 
er's agent, died in Hot Springs, AR. on Jan- 
uary 11, 1983. He was 73. 

A Worcester native, he graduated as an elec- 
trical engineer. He worked for American Steel 
& Wire and Gavitt Mfg. Co. In 1946 he estab- 
lished Ridley Associates in Chicago. 

Mr. Ridley was active with the Masons, Lions 
International (10-year monarch) and Elks, and 
he held a number of civic posts. He had served 
as president of the Electronics Representatives 
Association, Chicagoland chapter. 



40 WPI JOURNAL 



Alumni Regional Contacts 



Boston: James R. Hall '76: 58 Margin Street. 
Cohasset. MA 02025: 617/383-6081. 

Buffalo: James M. Kellv. Jr. '63: 239 Svcamore 
Street. East Aurora. NY 14052; 716/652-6073. 

Chicago: Charles F. Hunnicutt '65: 35 W. 785 
Park Lane. Saint Charles. IL 60174: 312/584- 
0631. 

Cincinnati: David C. Johnson "66: 600 Dov- 
erdale Drive. Monroe. OH 45050; 513 539-9323. 

Cleveland Akron: Martin J. Burgwinkle. Jr. 75: 
5814 Allanwood Road. Parma. OH 44129: 216/ 
845-6695. 

Denver: Merico E. Argentati '70: 6389 S. Jas- 
mine Way. Englewood. CO 80111: 303/771- 
8453. 

Detroit: Edward W. Eidt. Jr. '57: 26400 Mea- 
dowview. Farmington Hills. MI 48018: 313 477- 
3554. 

Hartford: Charles D. Konopka '68: 748 Boston 
Neck Road. Suffield. CT 06078: 203/668-7222. 

Houston: Paula E. Stratoulv '76; 1907 Court- 
ney Lane Dr.. Houston. TX 77042; 713/782- 
9575. 



New Haven: David W. Hoskinson '57: 45 Still 
Hill Road. Hamden. CT 06518: 203 281-3754. 

New York Citv: Ronald A. Howard '77: 220 
E. 54th St.. New York. NY 10018; 212 758- 
8663. 

No. California: Leo F. Cournover '59: 7018 
Waldheim Court. San Jose. CA 95120: 408/ 
268-6495. 

No. New Jersey: John E. Anderson '71: 3 Birch 
Terrace. Somerset. NJ 08873: 201/469-5757. 

Phoenix: Howard O. Painter. Jr. '58: 10 West 
Countrv Gables. Phoenix. AZ 85023: 602/863- 
0178. 

Pittsburgh: Robert G. Newton '40: 6 Norway 
Rd.. Forest Hill. Pittsburgh. PA 15221; 412/ 
244-1498. 

Pittsfield: Robert J. Bugley '58: Interlaken 
Crossroad. West Stockbridge. MA 01266: 413/ 
298-4413. 

Poughkeepsie: Denise C. Gorski '75: 23 Sun- 
nvbrook Circle. Highland. NY 12528: 914 691- 
8928. 

Raleigh/Durham: Mark S Richards '73; 11 Polks 
Landing. Chapel Hill. NC 27514: 919 933-1469. 



Rochester Genesee: Harrv A. Hoven. Jr. '63: 
593 St. Rita's Court. Webster. NY 14580; 716 
671-2625. 

St. Louis: William C. Rogler. Jr. '57: 12937 
Lampadaire Dr.. St. Louis. MO 63141: 314 
878-5483. 

Springfield: David O. Scott '74; 15 Mallowhill 
Road. Springfield. MA 01129: 413 736-5999. 

Syracuse: Steven J. Silva '76: 5344 Amalfi Dr.. 
Clay. NY 13041; 315 699-9292. 

S. New Hampshire: Stanley W. Graveline '58: 
35 Monica St.. Nashua. NH 03060: 603 888- 

1474. 

Tri-Citv: Michael J. Herbere '80: 301 3rd St.. 
Apt. 3. Troy. NY 12180: 518/272-1220. 

Washington, D.C.: Davis S. Watson 46: 13223 
Hathawav Dr.. Silver Spring. MD 20906: 301/ 
949-6135.' 

Wilmington: Harold F. DeCarli '52: 2405 Lan- 
don Drive. Wilmington. DE 19810: 302 478- 
3530. 

Worcester: Timothy J. Mackie '70; 15 Sharon 
Drive. Princeton. MA 01541: 617 464-2692. 



Roger W. Bruce, '36, a retired vice president 
of Persons-Majestic Mfg. Co.. Worcester, died 
in March. A native of Toronto. Canada, he 
was born on Sept. 27. 1914. 

He graduated as an electrical engineer. For 
many years he was with American Steel & Wire 
(now U.S. Steel. Cable Division). Worcester, 
from which he retired as general superinten- 
dent in 1972. During World War II he served 
as a captain in the Air Force Signal Corps. He 
belonged to SAE. 

Mr. Bruce was a past president of the 
Worcester County Republican Club and the 
Worcester Area Mental Health Association. 
(The Association's health center is called the 
R. W. Bruce Health Center.) He was a former 
member of the Worcester Planning Board and 
Central Massachusetts Regional Planning 
Commission. 

Herbert W. Shaw, Jr., '40, a former insurance 
executive, died January 21. 1983. in Morris- 
town. NJ. at the age of 64. He was born in 
Milford. MA. 

Mr. Shaw, an electrical engineer, retired as 
executive vice president of the American Re- 
Insurance Company in New York City in 1981. 
Prior to joining the company in 1963. he had 
been with Springfield Fire & Marine. Hutch- 
inson Rivinus & Co. and the Factory Insurance 
Association. 

In World War II he served as a lieutenant 
in the South Pacific with the U.S. Navy. He 
belonged to Phi Gamma Delta and the Meth- 
odist Church. 

William C, Richardson, '41, of Troy. VA, a 
class agent, died on February 5. 1983. He was 
born in Worcester on March 25. 1919. 

A mechanical engineer, he was with New- 



port News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. . the 
U.S. Navy Dept. of Public Works, and for four 
years he was with the U.S. Air Force, being 
discharged as captain. For thirty years he was 
an employee of American Telephone & Tel- 
egraph's Long Lines Dept. He retired as an 
estimate engineer. 

Mr. Richardson belonged to Lambda Chi 
Alpha, and he was active in Scouting and church 
work. He was past president of the Philadel- 
phia chapter of the WPI Alumni Association. 

Charles C. Shattuck, '45, an engineer for Nu- 
clear Metals, Inc.. died in Concord. MA. on 
January 30, 1983. at the age of 59. He was a 
native of Wellesley. 

Following graduation as a mechanical engi- 
neer, he was employed by GE. A. C. Nielsen 
Co. . Time-O-Matic. Inc. . Titeflex Co. and Nu- 
clear Metals. 

He was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
and the American Society for Quality Control, 
and he was active in Scouting. Other mem- 
berships were with the Sons of the American 
Revolution and the National Association of 
Clocks and Watches. 

Donald H. Gilmore, '46, former controller for 
Rodney Hunt Co.. Orange. MA. died in 
Worcester on March 24. 1983. He was born in 
Orange on Oct. 30. 1925. 

A mechanical engineer, from 1947 to 1952 
he was with WPI's Alden Hydraulic Labora- 
tory, after which he joined Parker & Harper 
Mfg. Co.. Worcester. During World War II he 
was a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy. He was in 
the USNR for 20 years. 

Mr. Gilmore. a registered professional en- 
gineer, belonged to SPE. and was a past master 
of his local Masonic lodee. He was also asso- 



ciated with the Knights Templar, the Eastern 
Star and the Rainbow Girls. 

Charles H. Rollins, '48, died in Worcester on 
December 24. 1982. A Worcester native, he 
was born on December 6. 1927. He belonged 
to Lambda Chi Alpha. 

After studying chemistry at WPI. he entered 
the University of Massachusetts and received 
his BA in 1950. He had served as foreman for 
the Norton Company Refractories Division in- 
spection department in Worcester. 

Prof. Leon S. Bedard, '64, of Westminster. MA. 
passed away on February 18. 1983. He was 50. 

He was born in Fitchburg. later receiving his 
BS from Lowell and his MSEE from WPI. He 
taught at Worcester Junior College and Lowell 
Technical Institute. At the time of his death. 
he was a professor in the Science and Tech- 
nology Division of Mount Wachusett Com- 
munity College in Gardner. 

Prof. Bedard was a registered, professional 
engineer and a past president of the Cable Club 
of Fitchburg. as well as a member of St. Ed- 
ward the Confessor Church. He served with 
the Air Force during the Korean conflict. 

Dr. Joel B. Kameron. '67. of Fairlawn. NJ. 
died recently. 

A native of New Bedford. MA. he was born 
on January 6. 1946. and graduated with his 
BSEE from WPI. He received his MA in psy- 
chology from the University of Michigan and 
his PhD in environmental psychology from City 
University of New York. 

Dr. Kameron had taught at Paterson State 
College. Wayne. NJ. prior to his current post 
as assistant professor at Ramapo State College 
in Mahwah. He belonged to AEP and PME. 




Some things change. 

Some don't. 

You, for instance. And WPI, too 

See you at Homecoming on the Hill. 
And Reunion Weekend for the classes 
of '68, '73 and '78. Plan now to attend! 



u 



7*5 



.. . -v 




■ 



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r • r » 



' 




Tech Old«Timebf 25~Yeai$ ¥burig 
TheT^turaof Computer Graphics 



A MESSAGE 



From Harry W. Tenney, Jr., '56, 
Alumni Association President 



Autumn is upon us once again. And 
with it Boynton Hill has shifted into 
high gear from summer's more leisurely 
pace to the excitement and anticipation of 
the new school year. Our Alumni Associa- 
tion, which I am privileged to lead this 
year, is back into the swing of things, too. 
We are now putting into action the pro- 
grams which we hope will continue the 
outstanding growth and progress made by 
the Association in the past few years. 

Much of this growth is due to the crea- 
tive, prudent and untiring leadership of 
Peter Horstmann, '55, whose term as 
president concluded in June. The Associa- 
tion and the WPI community owe a large 
debt of gratitude to Peter and his program 
chairmen for the tremendous gains made 
during their tenure. For example, 

• The Alumni Admissions Program is 
now active in 29 regions, with more than 
400 volunteers. In this program, alumni 
contact high school students interested in 
WPI and represent the Institute at college 
fairs across the country. 

• Regional Club programs have in- 
creased dramatically; there is now activity 
in 35 areas of the country. 

• Through the efforts of the Student 
Alumni Society, the Alden Carillon was 
refurbished just before Christmas 1982. 
These students*also saw to it that the Tech 
Bible was printed for the first time since 
1968. They held a reception in the fall of 
1982 for the incoming freshman sons and 
daughters of alumni, and they now present 
a class banner to each incoming freshman 
class. 

• Reunion and Homecoming planning 
over the past three years has resulted in 
record attendance each year. 

• Staffing needs of the Alumni Office 
were studied, and recommendations en- 
dorsed by the Alumni Council have been 
made to President Cranch. 

Yet the single most significant accom- 
plishment of the last few years is what 
alumni have done for the college through 
their gifts to the Alumni Fund. Your con- 
tinuing support has boosted the Fund to 




$841,000 in 1983 and has brought the an- 
nual participation level to just over 40 per- 
cent. This extraordinary support by WPI 
alumni has brought national recognition to 
the college throughout the past decade 
from the Council for the Advancement and 
Support of Education (CASE). Only two 
other colleges have received the same high 
accolades. 

Such outstanding performance in so 
many areas creates a double-edged sword 
for the future. It's a tough act to follow, 
but high performance provides the basis 
and momentum needed to move the 
alumni program to new heights. Every 
alumni program aims to increase alumni 
awareness and to enhance the image of 
WPI and alumni pride in their alma mater. 
Further, we hope to increase alumni sup- 
port of the college, both through participa- 
tion in these programs and through contin- 
ued growth in the Alumni Fund, which is 
expected to top $1 million this year. 

Numerous other programs, both on and 
off campus, are designed to keep alumni 
in contact with their alma mater and in- 
deed to help shape the college's future. 
These include: 

• The Corporate Contacts Program, in 
which WPI alumni employed by any of 18 
companies have an active program for in- 



volvement and a readily available channel 
for communication. 

• The Citations Committee continues 
to recognize and honor deserving alumni 
and is developing yet other ways of citing 
the accomplishments of our alumni. 

• At Homecoming in October, the WPI 
Athletic Hall of Fame was launched with 
the induction of eight charter members, 
six of them alumni. This was the result of 
many years of effort by alumni involved 
with the Poly Club. 

• Our Publications Committee provides 
counsel to the editor of the WPI Journal to 
assure our alumni a consistently high-qual- 
ity publication, bringing alumni knowl- 
edge of, and pride in, their alma mater and 
their fellow alumni. 

• The Public Relations Committee has 
set its sights on developing ways to in- 
crease the attention WPI receives from the 
media across the country, thus enhancing* 
and broadening WPI's image and reputa- 
tion everywhere. 

• Alumni are becoming more active on 
campus by participating in both technical 
and non-technical seminars, by working 
with the Student Alumni Society and by 
providing assistance in many of the aca- 
demic projects students undertake. 

I hope from this brief overview that you 
can sense the magnitude of the activity 
taking place in the Alumni Association 
and with the alumni programs. More im- 
portantly, I hope you share my pride in 
WPI and my enthusiasm for the 1983-84 
year and the years beyond. If you are not 
already involved, I invite you to take a 
first step and become involved in the pro- 
grams in your local area. And plan to 
attend Homecoming or your class reunion. 

If I can be of any assistance, by provid- 
ing, for instance, information about pro- 
grams in your local area, please feel free 
to contact me by dropping me a line, c/o 
the WPI Alumni Office. I'll be pleased to 
respond. WPI, our Alumni Association 
and our programs are only as strong as 
we— each individual alumnus— make 
them. 



WPLJournal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



VOLUMES?, NUMBER 2 



Staff of The WPI JOURNAL 

Editor, Kenneth L. McDonnell 
Alumni Information Editor, Ruth S. Trask 

Alumni Publications Committee: Donald E. 
Ross, '54, chair; Robert C. Gosling, '68; Sam- 
uel W. Mencow, '37; Roger W. Miles, '69; 
Stanley P. Negus, Jr., '54; Judith Nitsch, '75. 

77?? WPI Journal (ISSN 0148-6128) is pub- 
lished quarterly for the WPI Alumni Associa- 
tion by Worcester Polytechnic Institute in coop- 
eration with the Alumni Magazine Consortium, 
with editorial offices at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, MD 21218. Pages I-XVI are 
published for the Alumni Magazine Consor- 
tium (Franklin and Marshall College, Hartwick 
College, Johns Hopkins University, Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute) and appear in the respective alumni 
magazines of those institutions. Second class 
postage paid at Worcester, MA, and additional 
mailing offices. Pages 1-12, 29-40 ® 1983, 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Pages I-XVI ® 
1983, Johns Hopkins University. 

Staff of the Alumni Magazine Consortium: 

Editor, Mary Ruth Yoe; Business Manager, 
Robert Hewes; Production Coordinator, Wendy 
Williams-Hauck; Designer, Allen Carroll. 

Advisory Board for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium: Franklin and Marshall College, 
Gerald Eckert and Judy Durand; Hartwick Col- 
lege, Philip Benoit and Merrilee Gomillion; 
Johns Hopkins University, B. J. Norris and 
Elise Hancock; Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Lynn Holley and Robert M. Whitaker; 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Donald F. 
Berth. CHE '57. MS CHE '59. and Kenneth L. 
McDonnell. 

Acknowledgments: Typesetting, BG Compo- 
sition; Printing, American Press, Inc. 

Diverse views on subjects of public interest are 
presented in the magazine. These views do not 
necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or 
official policies of WPI. Address correspon- 
dence to the Editor, The WPI Journal, Worces- 
ter Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 
01609. Telephone (617) 793-5609. Postmaster: 
If undeliverable please send form 3579 to the 
address above. Do not return publication. 



CONTENTS 



NOVEMBER 1983 



4 Ruggers in Paradise, Jamaican Style 
WPI's men's and women's rugby teams had 
quite a time on the sunny isle. 

5 Winter Sports Schedule 

6 What You Think of Us 

Results of the Alumni Readership Survey. 
Kenneth McDonnell 

8 Applab Flight 2610 Now Boarding 

Where ME students get to fly into the future of 
computer graphics. 
Michael Shanley 

10 Happy 25th Anniversary, 
Tech Old-Timers 

Our "oldest" club is also one of our 
youngest at heart. 
Ruth Trask 

I A Good Student is Harder to Find 

As the number of college-age students drops, 
U.S. universities and colleges step up their 
recruiting efforts. 
Mary Ruth Yoe 

VIII Weather Watching 

1983's unlikely weather has made 
climatologists question their predictive models. 
Meanwhile meteorologists work at 
perfecting forecasts. 
Diane Johnson 

Departments 

News from the Hill 2 
Class Notes 29 
Completed Careers 38 



Page 4 



Page 



\ 






Vi 



V 



Page 10 



M 



^:-' 



Page VIII 

Cover: Lengthening shadows on the practice field and summer's 
greens turning to autumn's reds and golds are a frosty reminder 
of days to come. Photo by Michael Carroll. 



NOVEMBER 1983 1 



NEWS FROM THE HILL 



Class of '87 Sets 
Enrollment Mark 

In the face of a shrinking college-age pop- 
ulation nationally. WPI's undergraduate 
enrollment is at an all-time high, accord- 
ing to Roy A. Seaberg. Jr., '56, Director 
of Admissions. In September, while many 
colleges, especially small liberal arts 
schools, struggled to attract qualified 
freshmen. WPI seemed about to burst at 
the seams as it welcomed 670 members of 
the class of 1987. This performance, says 
Seaberg. is a ringing endorsement of 
WPI's broadening reputation for preparing 
tomorrow's engineers, scientists and citi- 
zens. 

Overall, says Registrar Robert Long. 
2.605 students registered for classes on 
August 29. the first time enrollment has 
topped the 2.600 mark. A declining rate of 
nonreturning upperclassmen. coupled with 
the record freshman class, accounts for 
this unusually large enrollment, he says. 

During the past year. 2,335 high school 
students applied for admission; WPI ac- 
cepted 1,425. Some 85 accepted, "early 
decision" candidates decided prior to De- 
cember 31, 1982, that WPI was their first 
choice. In all, the yield— the percentage of 
accepted candidates who decided to ma- 
triculate, less early decision candidates- 
was more than 45 percent. 

A cross section of the freshman class 
shows exceptional academic achievement, 
resourcefulness and diverse backgrounds 
and interests. On average, entering fresh- 
men ranked in the top 9 percent of their 
high school senior classes. Average SAT 
scores were 650 math and 540 verbal, 
compared with the national average of 470 
math, 435 verbal. Seventy-three percent of 
the '87 class participated in high school 
sports, and 31 percent took part in high 
school publications like newspapers, year- 
books and literary organizations. 

A significant shift, says Seaberg. is the 
welcomed upsurge in applicants from pri- 
vate and parochial schools. Applications 
among these students were up by 6 per- 



cent; the yield jumped by more than 30 
percent. In addition, at least 80 percent of 
freshmen have held summer jobs, and 
some 70 percent have worked part time 
during the school year. 

Yet while this year's admissions results 
paint a rosy picture, demographic trends 
for the coming decade will force even 
greater competition with other selective 
schools for a declining number of high- 
quality candidates. 

"We're moving now to respond to those 
trends," says Robert F. Reeves. Vice Pres- 
ident for Student Affairs, "so that we can 
minimize the impact of a rapid and far- 
reaching downward shift in the number of 
18-year-olds across the nation, and espe- 
cially in New England." 

Capital Program 
Goes Over the Top 

"We have every reason to celebrate!" 
Raymond J. Forkey, '40, WPI Trustee and 
Chairman of the Capital Program, ex- 
claimed in his closing report. "We have 
exceeded our goals by over $2 million." 

Launched in 1979, the Capital Program 
had an original goal of $13.2 million. In 
1981. Forkey reports, in light of an antici- 
pated need for additional funding for the 
Washburn and Atwater Kent renovations, 
the goal was revised to $15.7 million. On 
June 30 of this year, at the Program's con- 
clusion. WPI had received commitments 
amounting to more than $17.7 million. 

Aside from funding major renovations 
of Washburn Shops (Mechanical Engi- 
neering) and Atwater Kent Laboratories 
(Electrical Engineering), the Program's 
primary objectives were to improve Strat- 
ton Hall (Mathematical Sciences) and the 
athletic fields, as well as to increase both 
the college's endowment and operational 
support. 

"Our strategy," says Forkey, "was to 
conduct a targeted campaign to a small, 
well-defined audience, focusing on foun- 
dations, corporations, trustees and a small 
group of major gift prospects." The school 



also invited alumni to increase their sup- 
port to the Alumni Fund, he says. 

During each year of the Program, 
alumni set records for both dollars pledged 
and percentage participation. In the 1978- 
79 academic year, the Fund raised almost 
$576,000 from 4,500 donors. "This past 
year," says Fund Board Chairman Gerald 
Finkle, '57, "some 5,580 alumni made 
gifts totaling $841,032." Through their 
gifts, he says, WPI alumni have ranked in 
the top 2 percent nationally in triggering 
matching corporate gifts on a per capita 
basis. 

A breakdown of the campaign's results 
reveals that capital funds committed to the 
Program totaled nearly $12 million, 
against an original goal of $1 1.4 million. 
This amount, however, fell short of the 
revised goal of $12.8 million. 

A number of capital objectives under- 
went substantial change during the Pro- 
gram. Forkey says. The Atwater Kent 
project, for instance, started as a renova- 
tion but was completed as a total rehabili- 
tation, including an addition for Computer 
Science, calling for funds of $3.5 million 
against an original goal of $2.02 million. 

The Washburn project also changed 
from renovation of the Shops alone to re- 
furbishing the Laboratories as well, plus 
construction of a three-story addition. 

Besides the Washburn and Atwater Kent 
programs, capital projects successfully 
funded by the Program include Kaven Hall 
(Civil Engineering), the Computer-Aided- 
Design (CAD) Lab. equipment for Atwa- 
ter Kent and other facilities, endowment, 
and unrestricted gifts. 

A vital and often overlooked element of 
WPI's fund-raising effort, says Forkey. is 
its Planned Giving and Bequest Programs. 
During the campaign, WPI identified an 
additional 45 alumni and friends who have 
informed the school that WPI is in their 
wills, bringing this total to some 200 de- 
clared expectancies. 

In addition, the school now has on the 
books irrevocable trusts representing an 
additional $5.5 million that will mature to 
the college. 



2 WPI JOURNAL 



"Volunteer support." Forkey contends, 
"was a key ingredient of the Program's 
success. Whenever we called upon trust- 
ees or alumni for assistance in solicita- 
tions, introductions or simply advocating 
our cause, we were not once refused!" 

While celebration is indeed in order 
throughout the WPI community, Forkey 
hastens to mention that several Program 
objectives have not yet been fully funded. 
For example, because of the overwhelm- 
ing importance of upgrading and expand- 
ing academic facilities in Atwater Kent 
and Washburn, construction of a Central 
Services building was removed from the 
objectives, and improvement of playing 
fields has not yet been funded. In addition, 
funds are needed for latest-generation 
equipment for Materials Processing and 
Manufacturing Labs as well as the soon- 
to-be-completed Washburn Shops/Labs. 

But Forkey is optimistic that by year's 
end. some $250,000 to $300,000 will be 
secured for these purposes. What is more, 
he says, very soon gifts approaching $1 
million should be committed for vital im- 
provements to playing fields. 

"There was no magic in raising the Cap- 
ital Program's outstanding level of funds," 
Forkey concludes. "The strength of our 
academic programs, the commitment of 
our faculty, and the loyalty of our alumni 
and trustees were the central factors 
contributing to our success. We heartily 
thank each of you." 



The Annual Fund 
Keeps Breaking Records 

Making and breaking news is exciting, 
and the 1982-83 Alumni Fund did just 
that. On June 30th, as the Fund year 
ended, alumni participation reached 40.32 
percent, the highest level ever. This figure 
represents a rate of participation that is 21 
percent higher than the national average! 

At the same time, a record cash figure of 
$841,032 in alumni gifts was recorded for 
the annual giving program. 

"Fantastic!" was the response of out- 
going Fund Board Chairman Henry 
Styskal, Jr., '50, when he heard the news. 
He credited the success to the diligent ef- 
forts of his fellow Fund Board members, 
Richard A. Davis, '53; Gerald Finkle, 
'57; Richard B. Kennedy, '65; Allen H. 
Levesque, '59; C. John Lindegren, Jr., 
'39; Philip H. Puddington, '59; and John 
M. Tracy, '52, who organized the nearly 
1,300 alumni and student volunteers for 
the Fund. "WPI alumni volunteers just 
keep on giving of both their time and fi- 



nancial resources. That's remarkable!" 
added Styskal. 

But the icing on the cake was receiving 
word from CASE (Council for the Ad- 
vancement and Support of Education) in 
May that WPI would receive three CASE 
recognition awards for the Fund: two ex- 
ceptional achievement awards for im- 
provement in financial support and match- 
ing gifts, and a citation for its direct mail 
program. In conveying its congratulations, 
CASE noted that the Fund program "re- 
flects one of the strongest annual fund pro- 
grams in the nation." 

Alumni and student volunteers persua- 
sively convinced alumni to contribute 
$841,032 in individual gifts. Leading the 
effort were the classes of '33. '43 and '58. 
which collectively contributed $326,022 
through anniversary gift programs over a 
three-year period. (And 82.5 percent of 
the members of the Class of '33 joined in 
that effort.) Gifts from these classes will 
be restricted to projects in Washburn Labs 
and Shop. 

Other highlights of the Fund year: 

•This year was the best ever for contri- 
butions made through corporate matching 
gift programs. A record $255,556 in funds 
was received from 291 corporations that 
matched gifts made by WPI alumni who 
are employed by those corporations. 

•A new Fund program. Major Gifts, re- 
sulted in $125,272 from 74 alumni. Cou- 
pled with the additional $76,869 in gifts at 
the President's Advisory Council level, 
these two Fund segments accounted for 24 
percent of the campaign's total. 

•The five year reunion classes of '28, 
'38. '48, '53, '63, '68. '73 and "78 con- 
tributed $111,121, a remarkable 34.6 per- 
cent increase over their collective class 
gifts to the 1981-82 Fund. 

•Two hundred student volunteers re- 
corded 1,446 pledges for $57,727 during 
eight evenings of phonathons in April— an 
all-time record. In fact. Phi Sigma Sigma, 
the college's four year old sorority, raised 
the largest amount in one evening— $8,694 
from 224 alumni. 

"The most rewarding part of the entire 
program." says Fund Managing Director 
Sharon C. Davis, "is the important work 
the college can do as a result of annual 
giving." For example, an additional 100 
students will be supported this year 
through gifts made to the Fund. Many of 
these students could not have attended 
WPI without this additional aid. "Making 
these opportunities possible is exciting, 
and sharing such good news with you, our 
alumni, is the fun part! Thanks for making 
it possible." 



Alumnus to Serve as 
WPI Vice President 

Effective September 1. Donald F Berth. 
'57 CHE. '59 MS CHE. became Vice 
President for University Relations at WPI. 
He succeeds Thomas J. Denney, who as- 
sumed the post of Vice Chancellor for 
Alumni and Development Programs at 
Washington University. St. Louis. 

In his new appointment. Berth will man- 
age all college development and fund rais- 
ing, alumni relations, public and press re- 
lations, and publications. 

In joining the WPI staff. Berth leaves a 
20-year career at Cornell University. Most 
recently he held the post of Associate 
Dean of Engineering, serving as chief de- 
velopment officer of the College of Engi- 
neering. Since joining Cornell in 1962. he 
has held a number of positions, including 
co-director of the engineering cooperative 
program and director of engineering proj- 
ects. He was founding editor of Engineer- 
ing: Cornell Quarterly, a highly respected 
college magazine reporting on Cornell re- 
search and engineering college activities. 
He also directed the engineering school's 
centennial celebration in 1971. 

From 1971 to 1973, Berth was director 
of development and public relations at 
Hampshire College, Amherst. 

In following the recommendations of a 
search committee composed of faculty, 
staff and alumni. President Cranch said of 
the Berth appointment. "We are pleased to 
welcome Don back to the WPI campus. 
His wide-ranging experience in engineer- 
ing higher education, development and 
public relations, and his familiarity with 
WPI and its alumni are just the combina- 
tion of qualifications we sought. And 
while he has resided in Ithaca [NY] for 
nearly two decades, he still considers him- 
self a New Englander. with roots in 
Wilbraham. MA." 

Berth has served in several alumni ca- 
pacities at WPI. He has been an Alumni 
Council representative and National 
Chairman of the Alumni Secondary 
School Organization, as well as a member 
of the nominating committee for Associa- 
tion officers and a member of the Publica- 
tions Advisory Committee. 

Denney. who joined WPI in 1971, man- 
aged two highly successful capital pro- 
grams, the most recent concluding this 
past June 30 (see story, previous page). In 
this five-year program, the goal of $15.7 
million was surpassed by more than $2 
million, with some $17.7 million commit- 
ted to date. 



NOVEMBER 1983 3 



WPI SPORTS 



Ruggers in Paradise, 
Jamaican Style 

Back in 1870, as WPI's Pioneer Class was 
entering its junior year, universities like 
Harvard, Yale, Columbia and McGill 
were experimenting with a sport new to 
Americans— rugby. In fact, it was from 
rugby, whose roots lie in Europe, that 
Yale's Walter Camp fashioned a similar 
yet wholly new sport, the one which for 
countless millions of Americans is autumn 
Saturday and Sunday afternoons: football. 

To this day a sport relatively unknown 
to many Americans, rugby arrived on the 
WPI campus in 1981 as a club sport, at- 
tracting, as it does wherever it is played in 
the U.S., a loyal cadre of players and few 
spectators. WPI's normal schedule in- 
cludes club teams from Eastern colleges 
like Harvard, MIT and RPI. Until last 
spring, that is, when the WPI ruggers jour- 
neyed (at their own expense) to sunny Ja- 
maica to face several of the island's best 
clubs, including the Jamaican national 
team. 

During what was in Worcester a dreary 
week late in March, Professor Herbert 
Beall, CH, rugby club faculty advisor and 
coach, escorted his WPI ruggers through 
three matches of international competi- 
tion. Between games, the team enjoyed 
the hospitality of Jamaican team members, 
swam the Caribbean's gorgeous lagoons, 
and saw the island's sights. 

"Our arrival," recalls Beall. "made Ja- 
maican television, as did three of our 
games. Two we won," he adds, "the other 
we lost." 

Jamaica may seem a long way from 
Worcester for a rugby game. Actually, the 
contact was made by Beall back in 1974, 
when, on sabbatical in New Zealand, he 
met Professor Tony Greenaway, who now 
teaches chemistry at Kingston's University 
of the West Indies. He also plays on the 
Jamaican national team, the Barbarians. 

WPI trounced the Jamaican Army team, 
44-0, and won handily over the Chair- 
man's 15, the national "B" team, by a 




WPI ruggers scrimmage against the Jamaican Army team, left to right: Jim 
Pouliopoulos , Andy Bruno, Bill Lamberti, Bob Hansen. 



score of 28-3. But the National "A" team, 
whose regular matches take them through- 
out the Caribbean, handed WPI a 22-9 
loss. ". . .A solid game for us," Beall 
says, "but they beat us fair and square." 

It was in the Chairman's 15 game that 
Beall 's wife, Barbara, served as a referee, 
an event that raised more than a few Ja- 
maican eyebrows. A union referee for 
New England rugby, her appearance in the 
Jamaican stadium, a setting Herb fondly 
refers to as reminiscent of a Kipling novel, 
was unusual to say the least, for she be- 
came the first woman ever to referee a 
Jamaican rugby match. 

Half-time festivities may have raised a 
few American eyebrows as well, for it was 
then and there— on the playing field— that 
Jamaican children grazed their goats! 

Later, prior to the men's game with the 
Barbarians, WPI's women's team played 
the Jamaican Amazons. But since wom- 
en's rugby is unknown in Jamaica, WPI's 
24-0 win came against Jamaican women 
who had never before played the game. At 
home, WPI women face schools such as 



Mount Holyoke. the University of Con- 
necticut and Holy Cross. 

WPI's men's team is led by brothers 
Carlos, '84, and Rolando, '86, Zuccolillo, 
whose home is Paraguay. Carlos, the team 
captain, helped Beall get rugby off the 
ground at WPI. and Rolando has played 
on the Paraguayan national team. 

One big difference between rugby and 
football. Beall contends, is the strictly 
amateur status of all ruggers— worldwide. 

Another characteristic of ruggers that 
seems universal is their love of a rousing 
party after every game— not just among 
team members, but among players from 
both the winning and losing teams. Keen 
competition on the field gives way typi- 
cally to kegs of beer, singing of songs and 
a sense of community that transcends 
team, national, language and race bounda- 
ries. 

"It's a rough sport, this rugby," Beall 
concludes, "yet when the game's over, it's 
the experience, the friends we've made 
and the healthy competition that we recall, 
not so much who won and who lost." 



4 WPI JOURNAL 



WPI 1983-84 Winter Sports Schedule 








Varsity 


Basketball 






24 Nichols 
27 Trinity 
30 Suffolk 


Home 
Home 
Home 


6:00 
7:00 
7:00 


Date 


Opponent 


Home/Away 


Time 


3 1 Wheaton 


Home 


7:00 


December 








February 






2-3 


Worcester Four Home Fed- 


Home 


6:00 and 


3 ' Colby 


Home 


6:00 




eral Savings Classic 




8:00 


8 Brandeis 


Away 


7:00 




Tournament (Clark. 






10 Bates 


Home 


7:00 




Nichols, Worcester State) 






1 1 Babson 


Home 


4:00 


6 


Babson 


Away 


7 


30 


14 Amherst 


Away 


7:00 


8 


Wesleyan 


Away 


8 


00 


16 M.I.T. 


Away 


6:00 


10 


Bowdoin 


Home 


4 


00 


19 Fitchburg State 


Away 


6:00 


13 


Amherst 


Away 


8 


00 


2 1 Clark 


Home 


7:00 


January 








23-25 MAIAW 


WPI 




13 


Thomas 


Home 


7:00 








16 


Lowell 


Home 


8:00 


Wrestling 






20 


New York University 


Home 


7:30 








21 


Bates 


Home 


8:00 


Date Opponent 


Home/ Away 


Time 


24 


Anna Mana 


Home 


8:00 


November 






27 


Middlebury 


Away 


7:30 






28 


Norwich 


Away 


4:00 


2 1 Brown 


Away 


7:00 


31 
February 

3 


Trinity 

Coast Guard Academy 


Away 
Home 


8:00 
8:00 


30 Bowdoin 
December 

3 Tnnity/Norwich/Bridgewater 


Home 
Hartford. CT 


7:30 
12:30 


8 


Williams 


Home 


8:00 


6 Boston College 


Home 


7:00 


II 


Tufts 


Away 


8:00 


10 *Harvard/William& Mar) 
UNH 


Away 


12:00 


16 


MIT. 


Away 
Away 


8:00 






18 


Suffolk 


2:00 


14 Plymouth State 
January 


Home 


4:00 


20 


Brandeis 


Home 


8:00 






22 


Nichols 


Home 


8:00 


14" RPI/Williams 


Home 


1:00 


25 
29 


Clark 

Connecticut College 


Away 
Home 


8:00 
8:00 


18 Amherst 

2 1 Rhode Island College 


Away 
Awa) 


7:00 
1:00 










24 Western New England 


Away 


7:30 


Junior Varsity Basketball 






28 Lowell 
February 


Home 


2:00 










1 ' M.I.T. 


Away 


7:00 


Date 


Opponent 


Home/ Away 


Time 


4 Wesleyan/Hartford/Potsdam 


Home 


1:00 


December 








Coast Guard Academy 


Home 


7:00 


6 


Babson 


Away 


5:30 








8 


Wesleyan 


Away 


6:00 


Varsity Swimming 






13 


Amherst 


Away 


6:00 








January 








Date Opponent 


Home/Away 


Time 


31 " 
February 

4 


Trinity 

Worcester Academy 


Away 

Away 


6:00 
4:00 


November 

30 Babson 
December 


Away 


7:00 


8 


Williams 


Home 


6:00 








11 
20 


Tufts 
Brandeis 


Away 
Home 


6:00 
6:00 


2 Holy Cross 

Boston College 
1 3 Clark 


Away 

Home 
Home 


7:00 
7:00 
7:00 


22 


Assumption 


Home 


6:00 








25 
29 


Clark 
W.I. T.I. 


Away 
Home 


6:00 
6:00 


January 

21 " Lowell 

28 Coast Guard Academy 


Away 
Away 


2:00 
2:00 


Women's Basketball 






February 

4 S.E. Massachusetts 


Away 


2:00 


Date 


Opponent 


Home/Away 


Time 


University 
9 Trinits 


Home 


7:30 


December 








11 Tufts' 


Home 


2:00 


1 


Barrington 


Home 


7:00 


15 Bridgewater State 


Away 


7:00 


8 


Emmanuel 


Awa) 


7:00 


18 Keene State 


Home 


2:00 


10 


Bowdoin 


Home 


2:00 


22 Brandeis 


Away 


7:00 


12 


Western New England 


Awa> 


6:00 








14 


Rhode Island College 


Home 


7:00 


Winter Track 






15 


Framingham State 


Home 


7:00 








28 


Kean College Christmas 


Away 


6:00 and 


Date Opponent 


Home/Away 


Time 




Tournament (Kean. 
SUNY-Stony Brook. 




8:00 


November 

30 Tufts 


Away 


6:00 




Upsala) 






December 






29 


Union (New Jersey) 


Away 


6:00 and 
8:00 


3 *M.I.T./Brandeis 


Awa) 


1:00 








10 Bentley 


Away 


1:00 


January 








February 






17" 


Anna Maria 


Home 


7:00 


8 Hoi) Cross/Worcester State 


Awa) 


7:00 


19 


Gordon 


Away 


6:00 








21 


Merrimack 


Away 


2:00 








23 


Coast Guard Academy 


Away 


7:00 


*Home Team 







NOVEMBER 1983 



What You Think of Us: 
Results of the Alumni 
Readership Survey 

One thing is clear: Our alumni readers have definite ideas 
on what they'd like to see in print. 

By Kenneth McDonnell 



^ ^ 7ould you spend $5 for a subscription to the WPI Jour- 

\j\Jnan Wonder how many of your fellow alumni would? 

T TvVe wondered about this ourselves and about a score of 
other topics concerning alumni attitudes toward two of the publi- 
cations they receive regularly from their alma mater— the Journal 
and Newsbriefs, WPI's quarterly newsletter. 

To explore readers' sentiments, we conducted a telephone sur- 
vey earlier this year. For three evenings at the Alumni Office, 
some 75 student volunteers phoned a random sample of 600 
alumni from a total alumni body of 14,756. In all. we completed 
429 questionnaires, or 71 percent of our attempts. 

Well, we found out how many of you think the Journal is worth 
a S5 subscription. And we also found out more about your needs 
and preferences for keeping in touch with WPI. your classmates 
and your friends from the days on Boynton Hill. 

Here's how we conducted the study. First, we— the Journal and 
Newsbriefs staffs, the Alumni Publications Committee and the 
Alumni Office folks— decided what we wanted to learn and why. 
We felt that we ought to take a close look at what our alumni think 
of the Journal and Newsbriefs, so we can more accurately meet 
their needs. 

Next we got the expert advice of Professors Joe Petrucelli and 
Sam Woolford of the Mathematics Department and Leonard 
Goodwin of the Social Sciences Department. They determined 
the size of our sample, reviewed our questionnaire and got us off 
on the right foot. 

We recruited and trained our student phoners in the delicate 
science— and art— of attitudinal surveying. Their enthusiasm was 
fantastic! Then we all sat down at the phones and cranked out the 
calls. 

The school's computer center "crunched" the numbers for us, 
and now we're reporting them to you. 

A couple of technical notes: We divided our sample into four 
arbitrary age segments: the classes of '00-'37, "38-'52, '53-'67, 
and '68-'82. Incidentally, 43% of our living alumni come from 
the classes of "68-'82, 26% from '53-'67, 16% from '38-'52, 
and 14% from '00- '37. 

The poll consisted of 22 questions, several with multiple items, 
making a total of 39 possible responses. A few open-ended ques- 



tions were included, but most asked the sample to pick from a 
scale of possible answers. 

Here's what we learned about the Journal— To verify our 
records, we asked our sample to tell us their occupa- 
tions. Their responses (figures rounded) fell into the 
following broad categories: Engineering, 26%; Management. 
17%; Sales/Marketing. 6%: Education. 4%; Manufacturing. 
4%; Research & Development. 3%; Scientific. 2%: Retired. 
13%; Other. 1 5 % : No Response, 11%. 

We looked first at alumni attitudes toward the Journal alone. 
Naturally, we were interested in learning how much time alumni 
spend reading the Journal. Here's what our sample told us: More 
than 52% say they usually spend a half-hour or more reading the 
Journal. A full 14% give the magazine more than an hour of their 
time. Not bad. we believe, for a magazine that arrives at their 
doors unsolicited and free of charge. 

On the other hand, only 24% of our sample could recall an 
article that stood out as one they particularly liked. 

We were eager to have our readers compare the quality of the 
Journal with alumni publications they receive from other col- 
leges. Some 30% say that they receive such publications. Of 
these. 56% rated the Journal of better quality and another 27% 
judged it of the same quality. 

We asked our sample how much they enjoy the following regu- 
lar parts of the Journal: covers. "News from the Hill," features, 
student and faculty research reports, class notes, obituaries. It 
came as no surprise when a whopping 62% said they enjoyed 
class notes "very much" with another 17% enjoying them 
"somewhat." By a clear margin, class notes are the most popular 
section of the Journal according to the survey. Likewise, as we 
expected, the sample indicated least enjoyment in the obituaries 
section, "Completed Careers." The remaining sections collected 
"very much enjoyment" votes in the 25-30% range. 

For planning purposes, we then asked our respondents to indi- 
cate their interest in story topics ranging from WPI building plans 
and finances, to profiles of prominent alumni and faculty, to the 
WPI Plan, to general interest articles, to WPI sports. 

Here the responses varied tremendously. First and foremost. 



6 WPI JOURNAL 



the most popular articles appear to be those focusing on alumni. 
Then in descending order of interest: The WPI Plan, student 
projects and research, and campus building plans and renova- 
tions. Least popular appear to be stories addressing WPI fi- 
nances. Alumni Fund reports and general interest stories— those 
that don't necessarily relate to WPI or its alumni. Of medium 
interest to the sample are stories about the Alumni Association, 
sports, current issues in higher education and letters to the editor. 
(We receive very few letters from our readers. Please write!) 

These sentiments were borne out in a later, open-ended ques- 
tion that asked, "'What would be the first thing you'd do to 
improve the JournaP." (Gulp!) Suggestions ranged far and wide, 
from "add more color" (prohibitively expensive), to "improve 
the writing," to "send it more often." (Nobody said, "Fire the 
editor!") But the message that came across loudest from this 
question was the sample readers' desire for a clearer and more 
prominent focus on alumni— through profiles, greater use of class 
notes and simply more space devoted to WPI graduates. 

In another open-ended question, respondents were given the 
chance to make suggestions for Journal stories they'd like to see. 
Here, only 15% of the sample offered ideas. This, and the range 
of topics offered ("more on fraternities." "more sports." "effects 
of the Plan on business and society") indicated greater concern 
for personal interests rather than a common recognition that any 
particular areas of editorial coverage were felt to be grossly inade- 
quate. But once again, stories about alumni headed the list of 
suggestions. 

It's worth noting that no question in the survey directly ad- 
dressed the Alumni Magazine Consortium (AMC), the five-col- 
lege publishing arrangement of which WPI is a member. This was 
intentional. Under the AMC concept, the first and most success- 
ful of its kind, the middle 16 pages of each college's alumni 
magazine are identical and are thus more generic than the rest of 
the magazine (typically another 24 pages), which is produced by 
each member college. 

Alumni comments during the survey about this format, adopted 
in early 1982 for financial reasons, were few and far between; 
and we heard no unusually strong sentiments for or against the 
idea. 

Finally, the respondents' overall assessment of the Journal 
makes us feel pretty good. Forty-eight percent rated the Journal 
"outstanding," with another 35% judging it "average." Less than 
a full percentage point said we produced a "poor" magazine. The 
rest had no opinion. 



^ ^L ^hat we learned about Newsbriefs: Newsbriefs, the 
%/%/quarterly newsletter of the college, receives far broader 

V ▼readership than the Journal. For one thing, we send 
Newsbriefs to some 4.500 parents of students and recent grads to 
help keep them informed of events and developments on campus 
and throughout the WPI community. (We also send the Journal 
free of charge to parents who request a subscription.) Newsbriefs. 
under the editorship of Public Relations Director Roger Perry, 
'45. also has a wider circulation among the media, neighbors of 
the college and Worcester-area community and business leaders. 

Still, we are continually interested in reading the pulse of the 
Newsbriefs alumni audience. Our questionnaire unearthed some 
fascinating information. First, only 60% of the sample reported 
that they receive Newsbriefs regularly. But 55% say that they 
usually spend up to an hour reading Newsbriefs. with the majority 
spending up to one half-hour with it. 

Some 53% rated Newsbriefs as "outstanding" or "average." 



though they were not asked to compare it with any other publica- 
tion. And among those who do report receiving it, 87% rate 
Newsbriefs "outstanding." 

Then we asked a hypothetical question: "Should Newsbriefs 
continue as a separate publication or become a special section of 
the JournaP." Nineteen percent said to leave it as a separate 
publication, 30% said the two should be combined, and 51% 
offered no opinion. 

"How can we improve Newsbriefs?" we asked our sample of 
alumni readers. Suggestions ranged from "more on projects," to 
"too much about administrative matters," to "keep it coming." 
Again, as with the same question about the Journal, we turned up 
no clear consensus of how Newsbriefs needs to be changed dra- 
matically. 



^L ^L ^hat can we conclude from all this? The alumni leader- 

%/%/ship survey has certainly clarified a number of points. 

V ▼ Above all, alumni appear to want the Journal to provide 
more information about their fellow alumni. They want to learn 
more about the WPI Plan, student projects and changes to WPI's 
physical plant. They care little of reading about administrative 
matters. WPI finances or general interest topics. 

Yet a good many of them, nearly half, rate the Journal out- 
standing. Most say it's better than other alumni magazines they 
receive. Even more think it provides about the right amount of 
information. 

Conclusions about Newsbriefs are more difficult to point out. 
We are puzzled as to why so many alumni in our sample report 
not receiving Newsbriefs regularly. 

But alumni sentiments, though apparently not as positive to- 
wards Newsbriefs as the Journal, can be partly explained by the 
broader audience focus of Newsbriefs. Simply put. Newsbriefs 
must satisfy a far more diversified and larger audience than 
alumni alone. 

Perhaps the ultimate question we must ask ourselves through 
the results of the survey is this: "Are our major communication 
vehicles for reaching our alumni — the Journal and Newsbriefs — 
meeting the needs of this vital constituency?" 

Getting a close look at Newsbriefs on this level is tough, so 
diverse are its intended audiences and their interests. But. in the 
Journal's case and to a lesser extent in Newsbriefs' case, if the 
results of our recent survey of alumni readers represent the senti- 
ments of the larger alumni body, we can answer with assurance 
that. yes. the Journal and Newsbriefs are meeting their goals. Yet 
we now also have a better idea of the course which alumni wish 
us to chart for WPI's two chief alumni publications. 

And. yes. we did ask alumni if they'd subscribe to the Journal. 
Nearly 60% of our sample said they'd spend S5 for a year's worth 
of the Journal. Not that we are even considering such a move, but 
the question did provide a gauge of the Journal's value to alumni. 

Whether or not you were part of the sample, we'd appreciate 
hearing from you. Let us know what you'd like to see in the 
Journal and Newsbriefs. how you liked (or hated) a recent article, 
which way we should be headed. 

And thanks to those alumni who offered us their opinions on 
the phone, the students who made the calls through three exciting 
evenings, the Alumni Publications Committee members who 
worked so diligently to produce a legitimate, comprehensive sur- 
vey. Thanks especially to Deb Scott of the Alumni Office for her 
coordinating efforts, and to Publications Committee Chairman 
Don Ross, '54, and member Sam Mencow, '37. for manning the 
phones themselves: team players all! 



NOVEMBER 1983 




Professor Robert L. Norton works with ME junior Richard Hajec ofGranby, CT, on a WPI Applab computer. 



Appkb Flight 2610 
Now Boarding 

The passengers are WPI engineering students. 
Their destination: expertise in computer graphics. 



by Michael Shanley 
WPI News Bureau 



You sit calmly, securely in the 
cockpit as the runway comes into 
view. The control tower and the 
terminal stand to the right. Everything is 
perfect as you begin your descent, the run- 
way looming bigger and bigger. But wait. 
Something's wrong. Suddenly you're off 
course and heading straight for the termi- 
nal. Desperately you struggle to get back 
on course. But it's no use. Everything goes 
blank as you plow into the tower. 

A scene from a disaster movie? A night- 
mare from which you'd gladly awaken? 
No. Rather, it's the graphic display being 
shown on ME Professor Robert Norton's 
Apple computer screen as part of his 
course. "Engineering Applications of 
Computer Graphics." ES2610. 
If this were a video progiam designed by 



8 WTI JOURNAL 



experts to be bought and plugged into a 
home computer, the display might seem 
less than fascinating. It's not state-of-the- 
art computer graphics. What is fascinating 
is that the program was designed as a class 
project by Victor Geraci. '84 ME. using 
only the capabilities of an Apple II. 

Geraci and his classmates learn to create 
computer images and make them appear 3- 
dimensional. They must master such con- 
cepts as animation, perspective, rotation 
and "hidden line" removal— deleting, for 
example, the "back side" of a 3-dimen- 
sional box. 

"We're not interested in just making 
pretty engineering drawings," says Nor- 
ton. "The idea is to do things in engineer- 
ing graphics that couldn't be done before." 

With that in mind, he sets out to teach 
basic principles that can be transferred to 
larger, more complex systems. "The 
mathematics doesn't change." Norton 
points out. "The program method the stu- 
dents design on the Apple will work on 
more advanced equipment they might use 
after they graduate." equipment which is 
already hard at work in the field. 

The movies Star Wars and TRON both 
made use of computer graphics. Norton 
says. And at places like the Northrop Cor- 
poration's plant in California, test pilots 
are trained in simulators featuring detailed 
television pictures done by computer. Nor- 
ton visited the Northrop facilities while at- 
tending an American Society of Engineer- 
ing Education conference. "They're doing 
amazing things there— much better than 
Star Wars," he says. 

But successful Hollywood producers 
and corporate giants have at their disposal 
multi-million-dollar equipment. WPI itself 
has an advanced computer-aided design 
(CAD) lab capable of performing complex 
maneuvers. And while their performance 
is spectacular, machines such as those in 
the CAD lab cost hundreds of thousands of 
dollars compared to $2,000 or so for an 
Apple II. "If money were no object." Nor- 
ton says, "of course we'd opt for some- 
thing more advanced." 

Although WPI students have access to 



more than 100 computer terminals on 
campus, most of those are not capable of 
displaying graphics. There are just 15 Ap- 
ple II computers in the WPI "Applab." 
and the 60 students in Norton's class must 
share those with other computer classes on 
campus. 

Computer graphics is a new field 
for Norton. "I had taught com- 
puter programming to engineers 
since the 1960s, but the graphics part was 
brand new for me. I was supported on a 
Bay State Skills Grant and learned on my 
own. using manuals." 

As a learning project, he designed an 
animated 3-dimensional graphics simula- 
tor for the Puma robot that is used as an 
industrial research tool at WPI's Manufac- 
turing Engineering Applications Center 
(MEAC). On-screen, the viewer sees the 
robot— in perfect proportion — repeatedly 
pick up an object and move it to a spot in 
the foreground. 

Wonder what it would be like to see the 
robot working from a bird's-eye view? No 
problem. Norton just punches a few keys 
and there you are looking down from the 
ceiling. How about a view from belou ? In 
a snap, you're peeking up at the robot as if 
from under a plexiglass floor. In fact, you 
can view the robot working from any per- 
spective point simply by typing in the de- 
sired angle. 

While Norton doesn't expect his stu- 
dents to produce anything quite so com- 
plex, many of them have created projects 
that combine technical knowledge with 
playful creativity. In addition to the air- 
field program noted above, students have 
created 3-dimensional slider-crank mecha- 
nisms, moving automobiles and even 
stage-by-stage displays of manufacturing 
processes. 

Ingemar Handestam. an exchange stu- 
dent from Sweden, designed a program in 
which his initials. IH. in giant block let- 
ters, appear on stage from behind a "cur- 
tain." turn 180 degrees and then march 
off. disappearing again, as if animated, 
behind the curtain. 



"It was great fun," says Ingemar with a 
grin. "After you learn the basics, it's fas- 
cinating to see how easy it is to make 
things 3-D. I even enjoyed writing the re- 
ports." 

The reports are written papers Norton 
requires students to hand in with two of 
four mandatory projects. The reports de- 
scribe the work and provide a "user's man- 
ual." Other than that, the course is paper- 
less. Students hand in assignments on 
floppy discs and Norton corrects and 
grades them by plugging them into the Ap- 
ple and letting them run. One requirement 
is that the program work with the viewer 
doing no more than occasionally touching 
a key to end a pause. 

So except for the two reports, students 
are never required to use pencils or pens, 
papers or erasers. There are no exams. 

"More and more companies are trying 
to manufacture and design products in a 
paper-less environment." Norton says. 
"It's quicker and easier and more produc- 
tive."" 

Why. then, didn't he make his course 
completely paper-less: why the reports? 
"That's what a lot of the students wonder." 
says Norton with a chuckle. 

Then he turns serious. "It's vital that 
engineers learn to express their ideas well. 
You can be the smartest person in the 
uorld. but no one will know it unless you 
can communicate. After 20 years in indus- 
try and teaching. I've found it's usually 
people with the best verbal skills— not just 
math skills— who get ahead." Having a 
well-rounded, broad-based background, 
Norton says, will also help keep graduates 
from becoming too provincial in their en- 
gineering practice. 

As for computer graphics. Norton says. 
"Engineers typically aren't interested in 
pure computer science. An engineer looks 
at a computer and says What can I do with 
it?" Give him a start and he's off and run- 
ning." 

Running where? What is the future of 
computer graphics? What are the possibili- 
ties 1 

"Infinite." says Bob Norton. 



NOVEMBER Nt>3 o 



Happy 25th Anniversary, 
Tech Old-Timers! 



Here's a club that the 
years have only made 
stronger. 

By Ruth Trask 



Back in the fall of "58. several 
members of the WPI Alumni As- 
sociation thought it would be a 
good idea to form a club to "cultivate the 
comradeship** of older WPI alumni and 
staff members in the Worcester area. The 
club would act not only as a social cata- 
lyst, but also as a forum for the exchange 
of ideas on topics of community interest, 
general interest and. most importantly, 
campus interest. 

Thus, the Tech Old-Timers Club (TOT) 
was officially launched on Dec. 1 1 . 1958. 
And as the founding fathers had predicted, 
it was indeed a good idea. Over the years, 
membership has grown from the original 
23 to the current enrollment of 200. This 
year the club celebrates its 25th anniver- 
sary. 

It is through the meticulously kept min- 
utes of Harrison Brown. * 12. who served 
as secretary during 1958-74. that we learn 
much of the character of the early Tech 
Old-Timers Club. For example, if a mem- 
ber missed three meetings without a valid 
excuse, his name was stricken from the 
monthly mailing list. 

Says Bob Fowler, '36. TOT*s genial 
secretary -treasurer. "Can you imagine 
the uproar I'd cause if I took attendance 
today and tried to tie it to our mailing list? 
We sometimes have up to 70 members at a 
single meeting." 

According to Fowler, who has re- 
searched club historical records. "The 
club operated quite independently from 
the Alumni Office early on. With annual 
dues of only SI . the club was apparently 
able to pay its own mailing costs and pur- 
chase its own letterheads and supplies." 
The early, strict attendance requirement 




Worcester Area College Computation Center Director J. Jackson briefs TOT members. 



was relaxed when the Alumni Office 
started to help update the club's mailing 
list and assume some of its postage costs. 
Because of this assistance. TOT dues re- 
mained at SI until they were finally raised 
to S2 in 1977. "due to inflation."" quips 
Fowler. 

TOT programs, normally scheduled for 
10 a.m. on the second Thursday of the 
month. September through May. have 
been varied and interesting. Topics have 
ranged from "Problems of Aging and Life 
Expectancy'" to "Urban Renewal in Wor- 
cester." On one early Ladies" Day. to 
which TOT members' spouses are invited. 
Mrs. Esther Goddard. widow of rocket 
pioneer Robert H. Goddard. '08. spoke on 



"The Road to the Stars." describing her 
husband's work. 

In 1959 the club travelled to Boston 
by bus to see a Red Sox game. (Bus fare 
w as S 1 .50. The outcome of the game w as 
not recorded in the minutes.) Members 
have visited the Higgins Armory Museum 
and the Craft Center in Worcester. 
They ve heard fishing and nature talks, 
participated in a campus hobby fair and 
laughed over a humorist's "Just Non- 
sense" program. 

Members have enjoyed travel programs 
on Mexico, the USSR.. Europe and 
the South Seas, yet news from the Hill has 
traditionally drawn the largest, most en- 
thusiastic attendance. Former WPI Presi- 



10 WPI JOURNAL 




At a TOT meeting in the Gordon Librae 

Conference Room (above), Howard A. 
Whittum, '34 (left) and TOT President 
George Garrison, '53 SIM, catch up on 
WPI. Below, Edward A. Sawtell (I.) and 
George H. Bartlett, both '38, chat. 

dent Harry Storke gave a "WPI Today" 
talk in the 1960s. From his viewpoint, the 
new custom of wearing long hair and side- 
burns—so prevalent on Boston campuses 
at the time— had not yet reached as far 
west as Worcester. He reported on WPI's 
two female undergraduates and revealed 
that biology and computer courses might 
be added to the curriculum. 

There were updates about athletics from 
Merl Norcross of the WPI Athletic De- 
partment and news of the then revolution- 
ary WPI Plan from Dean William 
Grogan. '46. 

Interest in highway safety led members 
to invite a former member of the Massa- 
chusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles to be 




NOVEMBER 1983 11 




Tech Old-Timer Donald C. Vibber, '34, at a recent TOT meeting. 



a guest speaker. He reported that he 
had encouraged school children to write 
jingles concerning highway safety. Out of 
the thousands he received, one of his fa- 
vorites was: "Don't lose your head to gain 
a minute. You need your head, your brains 
are in it!" 

■'Getting the right men to serve as TOT 
officers has played an important part 
in the growth of the club," Fowler says. 
"Luck was with us in being able to attract 
capable members to lead the club since 
its inception." 

Looking back over TOT's first 25 years, 
it's interesting to note that there have been 
14 presidents, numerous vice presidents. 



and only three secretaries. Generally, the 
presidents served for a term of two years 
each, with the vice presidents then assum- 
ing the presidency. 

Since 1977, the club has grown from 
150 to 200 active members, and the aver- 
age attendance at meetings has more 
than doubled, from about 25 to nearly 60. 

"We believe this growth is due to good 
programming, aggressive leadership, 
guidance from the Alumni Office and the 
fact that alumni are simply living longer 
and enjoying more of what we have to of- 
fer." says Fowler. "TOT offers members 
the opportunity to meet with retired 
alumni, faculty and trustees on a common 
footing in an informal atmosphere. We 



share our varied interests and experiences, 
discuss common problems and benefit 
from programs on timely topics." 

At May's meeting, the club initiated 
the practice of making awards to members 
in recognition of outstanding service to 
WPI and TOT. The first two awards were 
given to Chester Inman, ' 14, a charter 
member, and to Walter Dennen, ' 18, a 
former club president and long-time TOT 
booster. 

Says Fowler. "The awards were appre- 
ciated and something of a surprise. They 
were long overdue." 

Another factor in the growth and popular- 
ity of TOT is its fun-for-all atmosphere. 
Although some of the programs inspire se- 
rious thought, there is almost alwa\s room 
for laughter. "Any attempt at formality is 
summarily dismissed," Fowler adds. 

Walt Dennen can always be counted 
on for his humorous perspectives on the 
current political scene when he makes an 
announcement. 

The fun even extends to the recording 
of the minutes. This tongue-in-cheek entry 
appeared in the December 1959 records: 
"The minutes of the November meet- 
ing were not read due to the fact that they 
were not found. The motion was made 
and passed to omit the reading under those 
conditions." 

Club membership expanded in the 
1970s with the trend toward early retire- 
ment. But, due to uncertain economic 
conditions in the early 1980s, this trend 
seems to be reversing. Recently. TOT has 
enlisted new members from WPI's School 
of Industrial Management. Several SIM 
alumni now regularly attend meetings. 

"In fact." Fowler reports, "the first 
SIM grad to become an active Tech Old- 
Timer is our newly installed president. 
George Garrison. '53 SIM." 

On the eve of its Silver Anniversary, the 
Tech Old-Timers Club is hale and hearty. 
TOT is without question one of the most 
enthusiastic and loyal of all WPI clubs. It 
combines fun and purpose in equal mea- 
sure for WPI alumni, staff members and 
trustees who are 65 and/or retired. 

"We enjoy getting together." Fowler 
says. "We like to talk over what's going 
on in our lives and learn the latest devel- 
opments at WPI and in the community. 
TOT provides us with a perfect forum ." 

With an ever-growing roster and spir- 
ited member endorsement, the Tech Old- 
Timers Club looks ahead to its next 25 
years— and a Golden Anniversary. 

Back in "58. the founders of TOT had a 
very good idea, indeed! 



WPI JOURNAL 



In Search of 
A Few 

Good Students 

Already, the number of college-age students in 
the United States has dropped from its '70s 
high* By 1992, it will have fallen 25 percent* as 
competition for the best students gets tougher^ 
colleges are changing their recruiting tactics* 

By Mary Ruth Yoe 




Since 1643, when Harvard College 
published a prospectus entitled 
"New England's First Fruit," col- 
leges and universities have been inviting 
students to enroll. Sometimes the invita- 
tions are as sought after as admission to an 
exclusive country club. Sometimes they 
are more indiscriminate: during one spring 
break a few years ago, a college gave 
away Frisbees to revelers at Fort Lauder- 
dale. Sometimes a descendent of that first 
brochure will stress challenging academ- 
ics; sometimes, as did a Virginia women's 
college in the 1920s, it will boast that 
every bed in its dormitory is a Simmons. 

Today's high school student with high 
SATs may receive 200 or 300 invitational 
brochures, part of increasingly orches- 
trated efforts by colleges and universities 
to market their (nonprofit) product to what 
is usually a first-time consumer: the 18- 
year-old high school graduate. It's a 
crowded, and sometimes confusing, mar- 
ketplace: The College Handbook 1982-83, 
published by the College Entrance Exami- 



nation Board, lists about 3,000 schools. 
Ronald Potier, director of admissions at 
Franklin and Marshall College, calls 
F&M "one of the most selective colleges 
in the country." (It accepts about 45 per- 
cent of its applicants; Princeton accepts 18 
percent; 34 percent of the nation's colleges 
have "open-door" admissions.) But, he 
admits, "Still, we look a hell of a lot like 
other places." 

"Students don't research colleges suffi- 
ciently well," says James Rogers, director 
of admissions at Brown University. "They 
go on hunch and hearsay." Christopher 
Small, dean of admissions at Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute (RPI), agrees: "Too 
many kids select schools because their 
next-door neighbor mentioned it, or their 
parents went there." Karyl Preston, associ- 
ate director of admissions at Hartwick 
College, says she is surprised by students 
who enroll without visiting the campus: 
"Most people wouldn't buy a car without 
looking at it," she reasons, "or a dress 
without trying it on." 



On the other hand, as Roy Seaberg, di- 
rector of admissions at Worcester Poly- 
technic Institute (WPI), points out, stu- 
dents seem intuitively to match themselves 
to certain types of institutions: "There's a 
large amount of self-selection." In The 
Structure of College Choice (published in 
September by the College Board), Robert 
Zemsky and Penney Oedel divide students 
into four categories: local, in-state, re- 
gional, and national. Institutions are simi- 
larly classified, depending on the type of 
student they most often attract. (The four 
Alumni Magazine Consortium institutions 
surveyed in this article — F&M, Hartwick, 
RPI, and WPI— fall along the regional 
spectrum.) "We can say with some confi- 
dence," the researchers write, "that the 
most important single attribute for identi- 
fying regional and national students is a 
high SAT score, followed by college-edu- 
cated parents, high family income, and 
post-baccalaureate aspirations." 

Zemsky and Oedel (of the Higher Edu- 
cation Finance Research Institute at the 



NOVEMBER 1983 I 



v^ 



r#J 



s** ,a\S cX 



e&^ 





&*& 



University of Pennsylvania) make no 
claims to special insight. They say they 
have merely quantified what admissions 
officers intuitively knew: each institution 
attracts a certain type of student. In the 
1960s, an institution's admissions officer 
functioned as a gatekeeper, content to let 
the student decide on his or her own if X 
University was the place to attend. Now, 
gatekeeper has become recruiter. 

The reason for the change is what one 
educator calls "a 15-year window of vul- 
nerability," declines in college enrollment 
brought on by the end of the post-World 
War II baby boom. Between 1979 and 
1992, predicts the U.S. Census Bureau, 
the number of 1 8-year-olds will drop from 
4.3 million to 3.2 million— a drop of 25 
percent in the population group known to 
college admissions officials as "the appli- 
cant pool." (By 1996, things may begin to 
get better, in part because children of the 
post-World War II baby boom children 
will near college age.) The news is partic- 
ularly bad for institutions in the Northeast 
and North Central states, regions hard-hit 
by migrations to the Sunbelt where the 
drops are expected to be nearer 40 and 30 
percent, respectively. 

But simple demographics don't tell the 
whole story. The number of 18-year-olds 
doesn't necessarily equal the number of 



high school graduates. In 1977, for exam- 
ple, 83.9 percent of whites aged 18 to 24 
graduated from high school, compared to 
69.8 percent of blacks and 55.5 percent of 
Hispanics. The proportion of minorities in 
the college age group is increasing. That 
fact, in addition to increasing tuition and 
uncertain employment prospects after col- 
lege, may further lower the applicant pool. 

Although the writing on the wall dates to 
the early 1970s, it has taken many colleges 
and universities longer to get the message. 
David W. Breneman, the new president of 
Michigan's Kalamazoo College, notes in 
Change magazine that "a recent national 
survey of college and university presidents 
reported that only 16 percent of the presi- 
dents expected their institutions to lose en- 
rollments, while 42 percent expect their 
enrollment to increase!" 

Robert Zemsky and Penney Oedel think 
the metaphor of an applicant "pool" with 
its "single surface... hides the fact that in 
reality there are a series of linked basins 
carved out of the pool's uneven bottom." 
(The researchers assign separate basins to 
private and public institutions, believing 
the two compete for different types of stu- 
dents.) Only a very few institutions are 
safely moored in the center of a deep, 
steeply sloped basin: schools [like Harvard 
and Stanford] which "traditionally admit 



less than a third of the students who apply 
and enroll more than half of those admit- 
ted." Perched along the slope are other se- 
lective colleges [most Alumni Magazine 
Consortium schools fall into this group] 
which nevertheless admit more than half 
their applicants; these institutions "are at 
risk despite their traditional aura of suc- 
cess and invulnerability." Even more at 
risk, however, are those schools, for the 
most part private, non-selective colleges, 
that lie in the shallow waters between ba- 
sins. As the pool begins to lose volume, 
warn Zemsky and Oedel, those institutions 
"will be most exposed." 

Whatever an institution's position in the 
pool, the water level is going down. 
"Most admissions officers," says Robert 
Zemsky, "will end up telling their aca- 
demic and financial officers something 
like this: 'What we must face is that in five 
years there will be fewer students of the 
appropriate age. We're not going over a 
precipice. Institutions will not commit 
hari-kari en masse. But there is going to be 
a boil-down.'" 

As the pool of traditional college-age 
J \ i-mHontc- decreases, some educa- 
JL JLtors reason that institutions 
should focus their efforts on nontraditional 
students— men and women over the age of 
24, minority students, foreign students, 
continuing education students, students 
now served by industry-run schools. For 
many schools, this is easier said than 
done. "One disadvantage in a rural area," 
Hartwick's Karyl Preston points out, "is 
that you really don't have recourse to the 
alternative of nontraditional education- 
there 's just not as much interest in it as 
there is in urban areas, where industries 
are often willing to support it." Robert 
Zemsky agrees: "You have to ask your- 



II ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




self, 'Are we doing it now?' If so, you've 
got a chance." The schools with the best 
chance to jump on the nontraditional edu- 
cation bandwagon, he says, are commu- 
nity colleges; besides their typically urban 
or suburban location, "they're built to take 
advantage of the piecework and heavy 
part-time nature of the venture." 

So selective colleges and universities, 
fighting to keep their perch in the dimin- 
ishing market, have to concentrate on the 
traditional student. As competition in- 
creases for the best and brightest of those 
students, some institutions are considering 
a slight, voluntary reduction in enroll- 
ment, to avoid sacrificing quality for 
quantity. Smith College decided this year 
gradually to reduce the size of its stu- 
dent body by 10 percent. A similar, 
hypothetical contraction will be studied in 
a marketing research survey at Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute this year, says Direc- 
tor of Admissions Roy Seaberg. 

"We dealt with that issue even before it 
became an issue," says Ronald Potier of 
F&M. In the early 1970s, his college had 
an enrollment of 2,150 students crowding 
its "somewhat landlocked" campus. The 
decision was made to contract to an enroll- 
ment of about 2,000. Potier thinks that 
F&M's status as an undergraduate institu- 
tion made cutting the enrollment easier: 
"In our case, as opposed to a school like 
Johns Hopkins or RPI— where the under- 
graduates are paying for a part of the 
graduate structure— we have far, far more 
flexibility." 

Flexibility in planning is needed, be- 
cause conditions change quickly. Three 
years ago, when Christopher Small pre- 
pared a demographic study for RPI, "even 
the best-of-all-worlds scenario showed 
that we were going to experience a drop in 
enrollment. But I didn't take into account 



Hartwick College, located in upstate Ne 
York, sees its physical setting as inviting, a 
marketing asset* Publications are designed to 
emphasize the variety of courses and majors 



at that time that there would be a tremen- 
dous boom in technology." Then there's 
the case of the related drop in graduate 
applications in engineering, "a phenome- 
non that may have reversed itself" as the 
market for recent graduates has faltered. 
Says Small, "This year there's been a 40 
percent increase in graduate applica- 
tions"— which means an increase, though 
smaller, in enrollment. 

To maintain both enrollment and qual- 
ity—or to maintain, or even to increase, 
quality while decreasing enrollment— in- 
stitutions have only one choice: to beef up 
their admissions efforts. And they are. 
The average institution of higher educa- 
tion, according to a survey commissioned 
by The Chronicle of Higher Education 
(May 4, 1983), budgeted $298,439 in 
1982-83 for admissions, 8 percent more 
than the previous year and 23 percent more 
than in 1980-81. And although the bud- 
gets included such major expenditures as 
salaries, travel, postage, printing, sup- 
plies, and telephone costs, the figures may 
be conservative: hidden costs such as com- 
puter time and admissions publications 
subsidized by other departments don't 
show up in the survey. 

According to The Chronicle, selective 
liberal arts colleges planned to spend the 
most per enrolled student in 1982-83, an 
average of $709. (F&M says the amount it 
spent is "a little lower," while Hartwick 
admits to being "a bit above," and Brown 
"hit the average almost on the nose.") For 
an entering class of 500, say, that means 
an admissions budget of about $350,000. 
On the average, private research universi- 
ties budgeted less— $374— per enrolled 
student (RPI spent about $460; as an un- 
dergraduate engineering school, WPI 
spent about $510.) 

Travel is the highest single item (exclud- 
ing salaries) in the admissions budget of 
both private research universities and se- 
lective liberal arts colleges. "Road- 
shows"— college fairs and college nights, 
held in urban and surburban schools and 
motels— generate large numbers of student 
inquiries. Visits to individual high 
schools, meanwhile, have lost some of 
their former importance. "The high school 



visit as a source of initial contact is use- 
less," notes Chris Small, "but it is a must 
as an opportunity to tell people what 
you're doing and to see people on your 
inquiry list." Ron Potier agrees: "I don't 
think many people are prepared to write it 
off. But the fact is, if you're not known to 
start off with, you can take yourself all 
over the country and still not talk to any- 
body. It's word-of- mouth reputation that 
matters." 

Enter direct mail. Remember the 
200 or so promotional brochures 
sent to the bright high school ju- 
nior with high SATs? More and more in- 
stitutions make their initial, often unsolic- 
ited, approach to prospective students 
through mass mailings. (Postage and 
printing costs seem to be the fastest-grow- 
ing items in the average admissions bud- 
get.) About 900 colleges and universities 
purchase lists of names from the Student 
Search Service of the College Entrance 
Board. The Board asks students taking 
PSATs or SATs to complete a form that 
includes questions on personal back- 
ground, achievements, and goals. Stu- 
dents can then be targeted by test scores, 
ZIP code, ethnic background, expected 
major— so that, for example, a school can 
request a list of female engineering stu- 
dents in California with math SATs above 
600. For approximately $150 per target 
area, plus $.14 per name, the Student 
Search Service will sell names from its 1.5 
million-student pool. (Last year, Boston 
University, one of the Service's five larg- 
est customers, bought 218,000 names.) 

How effective is direct mail? It depends 
on both the school and the goal. For a 
college with an already firm national repu- 
tation, says James Rogers of Brown Uni- 
versity, direct mail may be counter-pro- 
ductive: "A very competitive college 
tends to diminish the institutional luster by 
joining many other colleges, some that 
students and parents have never heard of, 
in the mail slot." (Without using direct 
mail, Brown had 13,280 applicants this 
year, and accepted fewer than one student 
in five.) But, to a small liberal arts col- 
lege, getting greater exposure may be the 



NOVEMBER 1983 



III 



Q&&t ~" 







RPFs outsize red logo 

most admissions pieces — for impact 

and to show strength and stabilii 



first step in increasing applications. 

"We have been fairly heavy users of the 
Search for the last five years." says Karyl 
Preston of Hartwick. "'buying about 
95.000 names per year. We were trying to 
present Hartwick to more people, trying to 
make it a bit more of a household word." 
This year. Hartwick cut back on the num- 
ber of names it bought — to about 48.000 — 
and. says Preston. "We're now targeting 
in. homing in on specific counties in four 
of the eight original search states which 
have traditionally given us a good rate of 
inquiries to apps to paids." (In admissions 
lingo, an app is. of course, an applicant, 
and a paid is an accepted student who de- 
cides to enroll.) By targeting more closely. 
Hartwick hopes to improve its yield from 
the search. 

Inquiries from a search mailing are. by 
their nature, "soft inquiries." says F&M's 
Ron Potier. "because they're not totally 
self- initiated." Although F&M buys about 
40.000 names a year, "our major yield is 
from people who have heard about F&M 
from other sources and who sit down and 
write a letter and put a stamp on it." 

RPI and WPI both target for students 
with high math scores and an interest in 
engineering and science. RPI buys 45,000 
names: WPI. 15.000. 

Some professional admissions groups 
argue that each school should limit itself to 
a single unsolicited contact, but most 
schools currently do more. "The most 
common mistake schools make in direct 
mail is that they send too much of it." says 
Small. "The better the focus, the more 
success." It's hard to know how many 
glossy brochures, admissions newsletters. 



or personalized computer letters a kid can 
receive without feeling hounded rather 
than honored. "Some of them enjoy it." 
notes Small. "There's a tremendous 
amount of waste in this, but there is in all 
advertising." 

To avoid that wasted effort, insti- 
tutions have turned to market re- 
search. As with a commercial 
firm planning to introduce a new product, 
the first step is a self-study. A college, 
says Robert Zemsky. "should be asking. 
'Who am I?' It's often asked intuitively, 
but it should be asked more rigorously." 
The result is positioning, the carving out 
of a small, distinctive niche in the market- 
place. 

The niche will, of course, vary from 
school to school. Hartwick College, for 
example, has decided that there will al- 
ways be a cadre of people who want to 
attend small private liberal arts colleges in 
non-urban areas, and wants to concentrate 
on students who want a good, but not 
high-pressure education in an attractive 
rural setting: "Hartwick is not an intimi- 
dating place, academically or socially." 
says Karyl Preston. 

At WPI. Roy Seaberg sees "forces at 
work at engineering and technological col- 
leges that don't operate in liberal arts col- 
leges. First, there is society's perception 
that we're now in a much more technologi- 
cally oriented era. Opposing that is the 
view that technology is much more unfeel- 
ing than the liberal arts. But. with our em- 
phasis on the humanities and individual- 
ization, we're in a good position. There's a 
role for this college in the future that may 



be more significant for students other than 
our usual applicant pool— for liberal arts 
types who want to know technology." He 
pauses. "Our job is to get that message out 
there." 

Sometimes the niche is more a matter of 
where the institution wants to be. Franklin 
and Marshall College enjoys a strong re- 
gional reputation, says Ronald Potier. 
"and we've got to expand our horizons. 
F&M is right on the border of being a 
national institution, but it isn't there." 
With that in mind, he says. "We're going 
to Houston. St. Louis. Dallas— places 
where the population isn't dropping off as 
fast." 

And at RPI. although "in terms of the 
number of applicants with high math 
scores for the number of available spots, 
we're among the 25 most select schools in 
the country." Chris Small wants to see RPI 
on a more equal standing with Cornell and 
M. I. T.— currently, students accepted by 
both RPI and one of those institutions most 
often decline the RPI offer. While Small 
admits that "we're on a roll at the mo- 
ment" as far as the number of applicants to 
the School of Engineering is concerned, 
he'd also like to increase the number 
of applicants to RPI's four other schools 
(Architecture. Humanities and Social 
Sciences. Management, and Science). 

Determining the kinds of students it has 
traditionally attracted helps an institution 
plan its future marketing efforts. One ele- 
ment that each must put into its calculation 
is the demographic drop. "Let's face it." 
says Roy Seaberg of WPI. "we've got a 
40 percent decline in the states— New En- 
gland. Middle Atlantic, the Upper 
Plains— from which 50 percent of the en- 
gineering students in the U.S. are drawn." 



F&M's colonial p 
colors its warm, 
conversational, and 
traditional loo 



IV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



With 67 percent of WPI's students coming 
from Massachusetts and Connecticut, 
Seaberg says, "It's obvious that we're go- 
ing to have to broaden our geographic 
base. This is easier said than done, be- 
cause moving out of New England means 
first moving into areas contiguous to New 
England— and they also are experiencing 
the drop in high-school graduates. We'll 
be looking at the Sunbelt, the Southwest, 
too, but there our relative anonymity will 
be a problem at first." 

"It takes three to five years to really 
develop a new area," says Hartwick's 
Karyl Preston. "The realization that we do 
well in suburban areas has given us some 
new marketplaces: suburban Ohio, Chi- 
cago, Baltimore- Washington. Although 
we've been a regional institution, with the 
numbers dropping off, we need to start 
testing the waters in select new areas. First 
studies, then getting search names." 

In addition to expanding horizons, insti- 
tutions may decide to work the tried-and- 
true streams harder. About 75 percent of 
Franklin and Marshall's students come 
from New York, New Jersey, and Penn- 
sylvania. Despite a predicted 40 percent 
drop, says Ronald Potier, "That is our 
market. We're known in those areas, so it 
doesn't mean there will be a 40 percent 
drop in interest in F&M." RPI is pursuing 
a similar strategy in New York State and 
New England, focusing more attention 
"on different markets in those states. We 
have a real problem in being thought of as 
an engineering undergraduate school. We 
could deal with a 50 percent drop in appli- 
cations for engineering, but we couldn't 
face the same drop for our other four 
schools. So we're trying to take that story 
to the area. That's new." 

Also relatively new is cooperative re- 



cruiting. There's some debate about the 
concept: on the one hand, it means less 
duplication of effort, and it can be a way 
for schools from the same region to enter a 
faraway market with a minimum of effort. 
On the other hand, schools emphasize 
their individuality, and a student hearing 
about three liberal-arts colleges in Penn- 
sylvania in one day, for example, might 
find it hard to distinguish among F&M, 
Dickinson, and Gettysburg. F&M does 
belong to such a consortium: "It's most 
useful in faraway places," says Potier, 
"where each of us has certain strengths. 
But it does tend to homogenize our 
products." 

F&M also belongs to the Keystone Ad- 
missions Group, 13 private colleges in 
Pennsylvania that travel cooperatively, es- 
pecially in Puerto Rico. "We try to sell 
Pennsylvania as a place where there's a lot 
happening in education." Besides saving 
money for its members, the group annu- 
ally yields about 30 to 40 applicants to 
F&M, of whom about six to eight enroll. 
"But it's not a matter of getting bodies," 
Potier is quick to add. "I could go to 
Teaneck, New Jersey, and get bodies. 
These kids are bilingual— often trilin- 
gual—any good college should be trying to 
get a cosmopolitan group." And, for the 



past decade, F&M has traveled with other 
East Coast colleges to eight or nine major 
European cities each year; this year, WPI 
will join the group. "Most of the kids 
we'll see," says Potier, "are carrying 
American passports." Of the 20 or so 
schools involved, institutional types sel- 
dom overlap. 

No overlap, no direct competition. Any 
admissions officer worth his salt can reel 
off the names of his institution's competi- 
tors, often in 1-2-3-4 ranking. Sometimes 
the information is intuitive, sometimes it is 
couched in terms of precise win-loss to- 
tals: "Of students accepted by both RPI 
and M.I.T.," says Chris Small, "we lose 
eight out often to M.I.T." 

All too often, says Robert Zemsky, 
schools have their eyes on the wrong com- 
petitors: "They focus on the big heavy- 
hitters against them, they focus on where 
they lose— not on where they win — or if 
those winning markets are at risk." 
Zemsky and his colleagues at the Higher 
Education Finance Institute have devel- 
oped a market model, to be implemented 
by the College Board next year, that will 
help a college see how it is doing in the 
entire complex of market segments. In the 
case of an engineering school like RPI or 
WPI, Zemsky says, "those markets need 




to have some SAT weight, a fair concen- 
tration of engineering students, and a fair 
concentration of high- or middle-income 
families." The proposed service "will pro- 
duce lists of top markets for people, who 
can then ask. 'Are those top 15 markets 
good markets for me? If not, why not?'" 

Many schools are already asking these 
questions. To find out why accepted stu- 
dents choose to attend— or not to attend— 
their institutions, many schools send such 
applicants detailed questionnaires. Al- 
though the response rate is usually good, 
the results, as Hartwick's Karyl Preston 
points out. have to be taken with a grain of 
salt: "The survey is done over the sum- 
mer, and there is a problem: Students are 
somewhat removed from their thinking 
processes in making the decision to attend 
or not." Still, a school may discover, as 
RPI did, that its Troy location was per- 
ceived as dull and grimy (current publica- 
tions work to counteract that image). 
Carleton College in Minnesota discovered 
from its survey that many students who 
had decided not to enroll felt the school's 
library was inadequate. Mystified, the ad- 
missions staff took a close look at the 
viewbook— and discovered that the library 
was shown from the back. Terraced into a 
hill, it looked only two stories high. They 
replaced it with a frontal view— showing 
all four stories. 

^ks the applicant pool diminishes, tui- 
/ ^ t; ™ ■" both private and public 
JL JL sectors— is increasing. "A year 
at college." says Jerrold Footlick. a senior 
editor at Newsweek, "has always cost 
what a new Chevrolet cost." But as the 
price of a new Chevrolet rises, private col- 
leges—where a year costs about the same 
as a Chevrolet with a lot of options- 
worry that students will opt for a public 
education, simply because of price. "I 
think most private colleges are finding that 
more and more of their applicants are ap- 
plying to at least one state institution," 
says Karyl Preston, "particularly those 
students who are applying for financial 
aid. They're hedging their bets, so if fi- 
nancial aid doesn't come through, they 
still have an option." Roy Seaberg agrees. 
"Cost is not a factor in the decision to 
matriculate at WPI in respect to competi- 
tion with our private competitors. That is 
not true for our public competitors." 

"I can't help but think that there are go- 
ing to be more and more families who opt 
for public schools, simply based on price," 
says Chris Small at RPI. "More and more, 
there will be a lot of rich, not so bright 
kids at private institutions." 



WPPs window collage of images 
reflects the comprehensive nature 
of a technological education* 



But not everyone predicts a public-pri- 
vate showdown. "There's going to be 
competition between the publics and the 
publics, and the privates and the privates," 
says F&M's Ron Potier. "We just don't 
cross. People position themselves very 
early. Mom and Dad and the kid sit there, 
and Mom and Dad say, "We can't afford 
$10,000 a year'— and a decision is made. 
The kid will apply to public schools." 

Robert Zemsky goes one step further. 
Not only don't private and public sector 
compete; they can't: "F&M and schools 
like it can't out-compete the publics by 
looking like a public. They must continue 
to charge high enough tuitions to continue 
the same quality of education that pro- 
duced their reputations." 

"I think we're at the beginning crest of a 
fundamental change in how we finance 
higher education," Zemsky adds. "Paying 
for college is a ten-year proposition. You 
really need extended, installment-like pay- 
ing plans." (Witness the Chevrolet.) What 
Zemsky hopes will emerge are "higher ed- 
ucation banking institutions, to provide— 
at the lowest rate— capital for students to 
finance their education." The University 
of Pennsylvania, for example, plans to of- 
fer its students (and their parents) a series 
of payment schedules: A parent who can 
pre-pay the student's entire tuition gets a 5 
percent discount; paying the first year in a 
lump sum means a family can take up to 
ten years to pay the remainder— at the 
first-year cost, and with a 1 -percent fi- 
nance charge. Designed to appeal to fami- 
lies earning $35,000 or more, these plans 
are straightforward price discounts. 

Price discounts, in the form of need- 
based scholarships, are a more traditional 
staple of the private college system. "Fi- 
nancial aid," says Chris Small, "is nothing 
more than a pricing mechanism. Without 
financial aid, the average market of stu- 
dents would be 80 percent smaller for most 
institutions." Indeed, an institution's an- 
nouncement of a tuition increase is almost 
always accompanied by a notice that the 
amount of financial aid to be divided 
among the students will also expand. 

"The way a lot of colleges— not F&M— 
get financial aid," says Ron Potier, "is out 




of current operating expenses. If you have 
a child paying $10,000 and I have one 
paying $4,000, part of what you're paying 
for is to finance my kid. Can a college do 
this morally?" The answer, at least on the 
part of such institutions, has been Yes. 

Today another traditional kind of price 
discounting— no-need or merit awards- 
has raised similar questions. Such merit 
scholarships have been around for years: 
RPI has recognized the top student in sci- 
ence and engineering at 1,500 U.S. high 
schools with a medal (and are automati- 
cally considered for a $1000 no-need 
scholarship) since the turn of the century. 
RPI also has alumni scholarships and a 
special honors program called the Pro- 






VI 



ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 





vost's Scholarships. At Hartwick, about 
40 no-need scholarships are given each 
year, some on academic merit, some to 
recognize student leaders. F&M and WPI, 
on the other hand, have only need-based 
aid, and neither Ron Potier nor Roy 
Seaberg foresees a shift in policy. 

But this year, no-need grants made 
headlines even outside the academic 
world. Part of the fuss began this spring, 
when Smith and Mount Holyoke an- 
nounced plans to award $300 and $400 
grants for academic excellence, with no 
consideration of a student's need. Al- 
though the amounts were token (tuition at 
Mount Holyoke is nearing $9,000), other 
educators were alarmed. Walter H. 



Moulton, director of financial aid at Bow- 
doin College, told The Chronicle of 
Higher Education, "if institutions of the 
caliber of Smith and Mount Holyoke start 
down the road, those institutions having 
more difficulty recruiting students will be 
inclined to follow at a higher level of 
award. . . . The price eventually will have 
to be paid by the needy student." 

Many people agreed with Moulton, and 
this fall, both Smith and Mount Holyoke 
dropped the scholarships, saying that they 
hadn't been as effective as they'd hoped. 
Of Smith and Mount Holyoke 's hesitant 
excursion into merit scholarships, Ron 
Potier says, "The way they did it was like 
being a little bit pregnant. They compro- 



mised themselves for nickels and dimes." 
Meanwhile, Brandeis University, which 
offered four-year no-need scholarships of 
$2,500 to $4,000 to its 100 most sought 
after applicants, is pleased with the 
results: about 30 percent of those appli- 
cants decided to attend Brandeis this fall- 
compared to about 1 2 percent last year. 

Some admissions officers feel that no- 
need scholarships benefit neither school 
nor student. "They further distort the col- 
lege selection process," says Chris Small. 
"The kids have a hard enough choice 
without the school tossing in another 
5,000 bucks." Roy Seaberg says the price- 
war aspect of merit scholarships isn't fair 
to students, either: "We're seeing merit 
scholarships offered for full tuition with a 
two- week deadline. That is against stan- 
dard admissions practice [May 1 is the 
common reply date, when an accepted ap- 
plicant must let all colleges know of his 
plans]. When a merit scholarship is of- 
fered with a two-week deadline, a student 
may plunk down the tuition deposit for his 
second-choice school to play it safe." (If, 
later, he's accepted by the college he pre- 
fers, he has lost the earlier deposit.) 

But how many students pick their sec- 
ond-choice school because it offers them a 
no-need grant? Chris Small isn't sure: "A 
kid isn't going to come to RPI rather than 
M.I.T. simply because we gave him a 
$1,000 scholarship. But because we only 
offer merit awards to the really top kids, 
there is a strong probability of just such an 
M.I.T. or Ivy overlap." Hartwick's Karyl 
Preston agrees: "I'm not sure a no-need 
scholarship is going to buy students who 
really want to attend another college— I 
think it's just one other factor thrown in the 
hopper." 

Wrhen Roy Seaberg applied to 
WPI in 1952, he remembers, 
There was one person who was 
director of admissions and also dean of 
students. He had one secretary." Today, 
the average admissions staff at a private 
liberal arts college numbers 5.9 profes- 
sionals, 5.7 clerical workers. At the aver- 
age private research university, there are 4 
professionals, 6.2 clerical workers. 

But if there has been a change in size, a 
change in methods, a change in jargon, 
most admissions officers still see them- 
selves as gatekeepers, admitting those stu- 
dents who will most benefit— as well as 
benefit from— the institution. They want 
to keep the students they admit. "We still 
resist advertising," says one. "We like to 
think that our best advertising is the word- 
of- mouth recommendation." 



NOVEMBER 1983 



VII 



Getting Behind 
(and Ahead of) 
the Weather 



By Diane Johnson 




INI MAGA 




Droughts, floods, blizzards, heat waves- 
all in unexpected places. 1983's weather 
has sent climatologists back to their 
predictive models, wondering 
what went wrong. Meanwhile, 
meteorologists work to 
perfect their forecasting 
equipment and skills. 



This year, worldwide, the weather 
is out-of-whack. Here in the 
U.S., a wet winter lingered 
longer than usual, well into spring. Then 
summer hit with a vengeance, creating a 
drought which has caused serious grain 
shortfalls. 

An unprecedented drought has also 
parched Australia, while torrential rains 
caused massive flooding and mudslides in 
Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. Europe's heat 
wave baked natives and summer tourists 
alike. 

Most of us have been taking Mother 
Nature's punches one at a time, from bliz- 
zards to broiling temperatures. But mete- 
orologists are preparing for a major change 
in forecasting the weather we experience 
while climatological researchers are taking 
a longer view, looking at what makes the 
erratic weather happen. 

Until this year, climatologists were be- 
ginning to believe they had a handle on 
what determines the aggregate of weather 
we call the Earth's climate. Their primary 
tools are mathematical models— com- 
puter-generated twin earths which mathe- 
matically describe the motions of the at- 
mosphere and oceans, the exchange of 
heat and energy that makes for the rela- 
tively orderly changes each year from win- 
ter to spring, summer to fall. 

Using historical data, the models allow 
researchers to compare theories about 
what caused past warmings and subse- 
quent ice ages. Historical data also pro- 
vide clues to understanding if the Earth is 
gradually warming up, from the "green- 
house effect" of increasing carbon dioxide 
in the atmosphere. Responding to a dimin- 
ished output from the sun. Or experiencing 
a small bump in the emerging pattern of 
global changes in temperature, in weather, 
or in climate, which have taken the Earth 



A single day's weather patterns, like 
those in these infrared images, or even 
those from a series of days, cannot show climate 
changes caused by a phenomenon such as El 
Nino. But they can provide clues. Atypical 
weather attributed to the unusually warm Pa- 
cific current includes such things as the storm 
system brewing near Tahiti (almost due 
south of Hawaii) in December 1982. 



P 




Pulsing energy into the atmosphere at 
very short intervals, Doppler radar 
receives information from the echoes 
reflected by water droplets and ice 
crystals contained in a storm. Above, 
in a detail from a Doppler multimo- 
ment display, vector arrows indicate 
both the intensity (reflectivity) and ve- 
locity of those particles. The rotary cir- 
culation is a mesocyclone, the parent 
circulation of a tornado. 



through ice ages and interglacial warming 
periods. 

This year seems to be revealing a dis- 
comforting fact. The predictive models 
aren't working. The debate about why his- 
tory has failed to predict the present 
weather aberrations centers on two major 
culprits— affectionately dubbed "The Big 
Es"— El Nino and El Chichon, the ocean 
current and the volcano. 

"Nature gave us the two greatest gifts 
this year— El Nino and El Chichon." said 
Stephen Schneider, a climatologist at the 
National Center for Atmospheric Re- 
search. "But why did she have to give us 
the two biggest at the same time? It makes 
it much more confusing to sort out." 

El Nino has been a misbehaving child 
for a while now. The Pacific current which 
sporadically rises off the coast of Peru and 
Ecuador bears the Spanish name for the 
Christ Child because it usually occurs 
around Christmas. Every eight to ten 
years. El Nino grows more intense than 
usual, and its nutrient-poor waters destroy 
the rich coastal fishing. But this El Nino is 
a record-breaker: The current has been 
running 12 to 15 degrees warmer than 
usual for more than a year. 

In the complex web of interactions of air 
and ocean surfaces, the warm-running El 
Nino is connected to a failure of the equa- 
torial trade winds that normally push 
warm waters away from the South Ameri- 
can coastline into the broad reaches of the 
western Pacific. Without the driving force 
of the trade winds, the warm water sloshes 
back like water in a giant basin, pushing 
against the coasts of Ecuador and Peru, 
bringing rain to normally dry areas. 

The current's "misbehavior" and the di- 
minished trade winds have triggered a 
mini-reversal of weather. Arid regions in 
Bolivia, as well as in Ecuador and Peru, 
have received more than 100 times their 
usual moisture. On the other end of the see 
saw. Indonesia, the Philippines, and Aus- 
tralia—which usually garner the rainfall— 
now have droughts. The dryness has 
moved to Sri Lanka, southern India, and 
Africa. 

Oceanographers especially are inclined 
to blame El Nino for all the current 
weather woes. Others sound a cautionary 
note. 

"El Nino is a code word ... a symp- 
tom of broader variations we don't under- 
stand. World wide there's anomalous 
weather produced by a complex set of cir- 
cumstances." according to meteorologist 
George Benton of the University Corpora- 
tion for Atmospheric Research. "I doubt 
they can all be tracked down to ocean tem- 



perature anomalies and atmosphere-ocean 
circulation patterns." 

Sorting out cause-and-effect in the deli- 
cate balance of heat and moisture between 
the vast, slow-moving ocean and the spin- 
ning atmosphere would be hard enough. 
But then there's El Chichon to contend 
with. 

When the Mexican volcano erupted in 
April 1982. it made history as one of the 
century's most significant outbursts. Situ- 
ated near the equator. El Chichon's out- 
pourings of acid and ash were taken high 
into the atmosphere and circulated around 
the globe. 

It exploded with enough force to send 
tons of debris about 26 miles into the strat- 
osphere. (Mt. St. Helens, by contrast, 
reached less than 12 miles high.) Within a 
month. El Chichon's volcanic veil had 
crept over most of the Northern Hemi- 
sphere. While most heavy ash particles 
fell to earth relatively quickly, what still 
remains aloft is largely a layer of fine par- 
ticles of sulfuric acid, ash, and salt. (Just 
to make things interesting. El Chichon 
was sitting over a natural salt dome when 
it blew.) 

Acid and sodium chloride can play hob 
with the chemical equilibrium of the 
stratospheric ozone layer. The naturally 
occurring layer of ozone not only shields 
Earth from harmful solar ultraviolet but 



Weather Research 



Weather does influence behavior— in both 
animals and humans. How much, though, 
is not clear. Scientific proof is hard to 
come by. anecdotal evidence voluminous. 

Fiddler crabs, for example, have been 
observed to retreat to inland burrows days 
before a hurricane's arrival. Horses are 
more apt to bolt in stormy weather. Log- 
gers in the Pacific Northwest are said to 
predict snow two or three days before a 
blizzard by watching the gathering of elk 
in the shelter of trees. 

Among humans, a falling barometer has 
been blamed for everything from fainting 
spells and headaches to domestic squab- 
bles and suicides. Certain dry winds so 
notorious they have earned distinctive 
names— like the Foehn in Bavaria and the 
Chinook that blows down the eastern 
slopes of the Rocky Mountains— have 
been blamed for traffic accidents, short 
tempers, and embolisms, among other 
things. And enough people think "positive 
ions" in the air are bad for one's health 



ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



also plays a role in maintaining the Earth's 
temperature. A layer of particles at strato- 
spheric height provides a tattered um- 
brella, bouncing some of the sun's rays 
back into space before they reach the 
Earth's surface. Thus, according to global 
climate models, a volcanic cloud can re- 
duce the world's average temperature from 
a quarter of a degree to two degrees (C). 

When Mt. Tambora erupted in Indone- 
sia in 1815, it left an interesting global 
legacy; New England farmers dubbed the 
following year "the year without a sum- 
mer." June and July brought frosts, wreak- 
ing havoc with crops and creating what 
scholars have identified as "the last great 
subsistence crisis" in Europe. 

Painting his famous, multi-hued sunsets 
during those years, Joseph Mallord Wil- 
liam Turner wasn't indulging in fanciful 
artistic visions, but faithfully representing 
the brilliant skies colored by the earth-cir- 
cling cloud from Tambora. Volcanic dusts 
adds spectacular, luminous colors to sun- 
rises and sunsets, a gentle finale to the 
violent rage of an eruption. 

Recent research hints at another intrigu- 
ing piece of Tambora 's bequest, Stephen 
Schneider said. While Turner was painting 
his sunsets and food crops were freezing in 
the fields, evidence shows that the jet 
stream (the fast-moving river of air in the 
upper atmosphere) was misdirected. The 



jet stream usually meanders in an undulat- 
ing path from west to east, but, after Tam- 
bora 's outburst, it apparently shifted and 
ran almost north to south, steering arctic 
air directly down from the North Pole to 
New England and Europe. 

Could the eruption of Mt. Tambora 
somehow have influenced the jet stream, 
in effect blowing it off course? "Give me 
all the weather and ocean temperature rec- 
ords from that time and I could probably 
tell you," Schneider joked. There's only a 
sparse weather record for the early 19th 
century. 

Could El Chichon have played a similar 
role, displacing the jet stream this year? 
"Now that's a very interesting question," 
Schneider said— one where there is not yet 
enough evidence to provide an answer. But 
he believes the weather anomalies in the 
equatorial Pacific are clearly related to an 
abnormal jet stream path this year and 
noted that, in the Northern Hemisphere, 
where El Chichon 's ejections have been 
most marked, the jet stream is still off 
course; the "Mexican Monsoon" is fur- 
ther west than usual, creating damp rather 
than dry weather in California. 

Because of El Nino or El Chichon? 
"When you're dealing with multiple 
causes of a similar magnitude, it's all 
Ouija boards and voodoo dolls," he said. 
By throwing in wild cards like El Nino and 



El Chichon, nature is not playing the 
weather game by the usual rules this year. 
But Schneider is confident that ultimately 
these global-scale aberrations, which are 
still within the bounds of what Mother 
Nature apparently considers routine, will 
prove learning experiences, providing new 
pieces in the climate puzzle. 

"1981 was the warmest year going," he 
said, attributing the gradual Earth-wide 
warming to humankind's influences. By 
pouring carbon dioxide into the atmo- 
sphere on an unprecedented scale, through 
burning fossil fuels, humanity is slowly 
but surely altering the climate. Increased 
atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate 
models show, acts like an invisible "secu- 
rity blanket." It traps heat which reaches 
the Earth in the lower atmosphere, pre- 
venting it from radiating away, much as 
glass in a greenhouse keeps heat in, and so 
is labeled "the greenhouse effect." Global 
temperature records show a steady, small 
increase which correlates with an in- 
creased carbon dioxide output from a bal- 
looning, and more industrialized, world 
population. 

"However, if 1982 is as warm as '81, 
then there's something wrong with our 
volcano theory. We've seen half a degree 
drop in temperature in the Northern Hemi- 
sphere so far, and that's consistent with the 
volcano theory." 



nd the Body Human 



that a brisk business has developed in 
"negative-ion generators" said to counter 
their effects. 

Little in the vast catalog of sins ascribed 
to the weather has been proven outright or, 
for that matter, disproven. The problem is, 
"weather" takes in so many variables. 
Temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind 
speed, humidity, ions, and electromag- 
netic fields are only the most direct-acting 
ones. The variables may change slowly or 
suddenly. They may act singly or in con- 
cert. 

The history of biometeorology is rife 
with examples of seemingly clear-cut phe- 
nomena turning out to be questionable at 
best: do full moons "cause" more rapes? 
Or is it simply that bright nights bring out 
more potential victims? Is the increased 
frequency of stroke in chillier weather 
"due" to the cold? Or to winter's respira- 
tory infections, arduous snow shoveling, 
and sometimes depressive boredom— all of 
which may figure in a stroke's onset? 



Still, researchers do know something 
about weather's effects on mind and body. 
For example, a body at rest in the shade, 
the motionless air at 91 degrees Fahrenheit 
and the humidity at 60 percent, is in per- 
fect balance with its surroundings: it feels 
neither hot nor cold. More: An abrupt 
drop in ambient temperature brings with it 
an increase in blood clotting speed, urina- 
tion volume, capillary resistance, muscle 
glycogen, and a variety of other, distinct 
physiologic responses, aimed at restoring 
the body's homeostatic harmony. 

Then, too, some anecdotal evidence 
does get seemingly solid research support. 
For example, in a 1963 experiment, arthri- 
tis sufferers were placed in isolation cham- 
bers where "weather" could be precisely 
controlled. Researchers found that simul- 
taneously dropping barometric pressure 
and raising relative humidity increased ar- 
thritic pain in most subjects. (It was the 
abrupt change, not the maintenance of par- 
ticular values, that caused the worsening.) 



And positive ions in the air can, as a 
matter of fact, bring on a complex of 
symptoms— migraine, nausea, irritability, 
and respiratory congestion— apparently by 
affecting the brain's levels of a neurotrans- 
mitter called serotonin. Negative ions, at 
particular concentrations, do indeed seem 
to counteract the positive ions' effect. 

Still, for all the blame the weather takes, 
its impact can be viewed in the end as 
disappointingly slight. As one student of 
the subject, biometeorologist Michael A. 
Persinger, concluded in his book The 
Weather Matrix and Human Behavior, 
"The effects of weather change upon the 
human population are very insignificant. 
. . . Except for the blatant turbulent 
forms, such as tornados, most weather- re- 
lated events evoke changes that are barely 
detectable above the trials and tribulations 
of daily life. 

"Weather effects are well-immersed in 
the background noise of living." 

—Robert Kanigel 



NOVEMBER 1983 



XI 



That volcano theory, based on how air- 
borne particles, bouncing back incoming 
solar radiation, affect atmospheric behav- 
ior, provides a basis for gauging the im- 
pact of large volcanic eruptions. Models 
can calculate the extent to which a dusting 
of high-altitude ash will decrease the 
amount of sunlight reaching Earth's sur- 
face and drop the overall temperature. 

Temperature is only one parameter of 
global climate, Schneider added. "If the 
weather in Iowa City and New Delhi were 
to reverse, you'd still have the same aver- 
age global temperature, but not the same 
weather," he said. 

A verage temperature is a handy indi- 

^^kcator of global goings-on, interest- 
JL JLing. but less than relevant to 
most people. (The old joke among meteo- 
rologists goes this way: a person with his 
head in an oven and his feet in a bucket of 
ice water shouldn't complain, because, on 
the average, he's got a comfortable tem- 
perature.) 

And temperature is just a piece of the 
weather we're interested in where we live 
and work and play. Hot or cold, yes. But 
we want to know if it will be dry or wet. If 
the moisture will be rain or snow or fog. 
How long will it last? 

What will the weather be? When we ask 
that, usually we're not concerned with 
half-degree changes in the world's temper- 
ature or erratic movements of the jet 
stream. 

We're looking for an answer in the form 
of a short-term forecast, on what meteo- 
rologists call the mesoscale. Meso means 
middle and mesoscale meteorology is mid- 
way between global drought-patterns and 
the minute antics of cloud droplets within 
the roiling interior of a single thunderhead. 

Mesoscale forecasts are for an area 
about the size of a metropolitan region, for 
times about the life of a storm system. 
They provide the basis for our decision 
making. Whether to go on a picnic. More 
serious concerns such as whether the day 
will be safe for sailing. Even life and death 
decisions: Should we evacuate Galveston 
because of Hurricane Alicia? 

To enable us to make the right deci- 
sions, we depend on storm-sized informa- 
tion, projected a few hours or a day in 
advance. And it's here, on the mesoscale, 
that a combination of research efforts now 
coming to fruition and advances in 
weather-observing technology hold an ex- 
citing promise for better, more useful 
weather forecasting. 

As George Benton explains it, three key 
pieces contribute to this potential: 



• An accurate description of what's 
happening now. "The importance of this 
information is frequently underestimated," 
Benton said. Yet detailed information on 
what is happening at a particular location 
can, for example, indicate the approach of 
a strong storm front with heavy windshear. 
Knowing when a storm's possibly lethal 
conditions have almost reached an airport, 
for instance, means a runway— or even the 
terminal itself— can be quickly and briefly 
shut down to avoid having a violent down- 
burst slam an incoming plane into the 
ground. The technology to provide such 
instantaneous weather details is available 
now. 

• An extrapolation of present condi- 
tions into the near future: If a storm is 
moving northeast, how long will it con- 
tinue in that direction? And at what rate? 
When will it reach a particular city, a lake, 
a canyon, or an airport? 

• Intensification of a storm system: Is 
the squall line of storms going to grow 
more intense in the next hour, or weaken? 

Projecting into the future and determin- 
ing if a storm is intensifying are closely 
linked. A storm cell or system has a typi- 
cal life cycle. Knowing if it's an infant 
growing and gathering strength or a tired 
oldster that has just about spent its fury 
will make forecasting much more accu- 
rate. 

Yet identifying the exact stages of storm 
development and being able to spot storms 
which will not follow the "typical" pattern 
require more research and a better under- 
standing of the physics of mesoscale 
weather, Benton said. Since the meteorol- 
ogists' natural laboratory is the atmo- 
sphere itself, making observations on trie 
weather requires working in the field, 
scrutinizing both the weather and the per- 
formance of new techniques for observing 
it. 

Most of the new technologies were 
wheeled into place this summer for a field 
test of the weather service of the future— 
the Program for Regional Observing and 
Forecasting Services (PROFS). 

Heading up the real-life test team was 
meteorologist Tom Schlatter. His group of 
researchers at the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) 
were given what he terms "one of the 
hardest problems in meteorology" — de- 
tailing and making short-term predictions 
of convective weather— storms which 
bring rain, tornados, hail, floods, and high 
winds. 

It's a difficult problem because convec- 
tive phenomena are brief and small. A typ- 
ical storm lives from half an hour to an 



hour and may cover an area only about 
five miles across. 

Living day-to-day, we rarely bother to 
predict small, short-term happenings. 
Most of us could confidently say when 
we're likely to be at home or work, or 
somewhere else, for the next few days. 
But you can't predict— hours or days in 
advance— when you may sneeze, get a 
headache, or have to scratch your foot. 

Yet in terms of size and duration, these 
"personal forecasts" are comparable to 
predicting mesoscale storms for this 
country. 

And like forecasting a sneeze, forecast- 
ing a storm becomes easier and more cer- 
tain as you get closer in time to the event. 
You know, moments before it happens, 
when a sneeze is coming, maybe with 
enough warning to grab a handkerchief. 
You could, perhaps, make a better forecast 
if you could find out there's a cluster of 
tiny pollen particles approaching first your 
neighborhood, then your house, then the 
chair where you're sitting. And decide if 
you were going to wait for the pollen to 
reach your nose, or grab for the Kleenex, 
or leave the room and head upstairs. 

On the scale of a storm, rather than pol- 
len particles, that's the kind of information 
the future forecasts can bring. 

"Instead of saying 'There's a 30-percent 
chance of thundershowers this afternoon 
in the Denver area,' we're able to say that 
there's a large cloud over Boulder [35 
miles northwest of Denver] and it's mov- 
ing slowly eastward, indicating it will give 
heavy rain in that area," Schlatter said. 

"The technology is here to bring in this 
information and display it. But it takes a 
lot of ingenuity by meteorologists to make 
it work . . . and work well." 

Tomorrow's forecasting center is in an 
evolutionary phase today, he explained; 
the PROFS system is a prototype of what 
it can be. The future weather service of- 
fice will have precise, instantaneous com- 
puter displays far different from the color 
radar pictures TV weathercasters have 
made familiar. 

"Detailed local and regional weather 

NOAA uses this Doppler radar (in 
Boulder, Colorado) to measure winds. 
Its readouts are similar to the one 
above, which uses an arbitrarily as- 
signed color mix ranging from cool to 
hot to emphasize a storm's areas of 
higher intensities and thus its severity. 
A similar display shows how fast the 
storm is moving toward or away from 
the antenna. 



XII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




'/ 




^Mr 



data in full, living color" is what the fore- 
caster gets. Schlatter said, demonstrating 
the system. A touch on an indicator panel 
calls up weather information on every 
scale: A satellite picture of the entire U.S. 
A close-up of a state or region. 

Another touch and the satellite picture 
zooms into a city-sized area of a few 
square miles, showing the distribution of 
clouds. 

Another touch of the finger calls up a 
display of weather in the region. Radar 
pictures showing storms or air move- 
ments, with colors indicating the intensity 
of the storm and the direction it's moving. 
Wind patterns near the ground and aloft. 

A menu of additional information can be 



summoned. Overlays showing county, 
city, or state boundaries can be added, or 
regional topography. 

Underlying the graphic displays is a host 
of data from a dense network of observing 
devices: Doppler radar readings. Informa- 
tion from "profilers" which probe the at- 
mosphere with microwave pulses to detail 
wind motions. Readings of temperature, 
dew point, solar radiation and wind, all 
piped-in from a grid of remote observing 
stations. Satellite data on clouds and their 
motions, winds, and temperature. Light- 
ning detectors which locate electrical ac- 
tivity. More information from radiosonde 
balloons, conventional radar, even reports 
from airline pilots feed into the computers 



and are instantaneously transformed into 
displays on the screen. 

How useful is this cornucopia of infor- 
mation? To find out, forecasters from 
every weather service region as well as 
researchers and forecasters from the pri- 
vate sector came to the PROFS facility this 
summer. 

They were divided into groups which 
competed with each other in testing their 
forecasting skills. One used the coven- 
tional weather information systems, maps, 
and data. The other used only PROFS-pro- 
vided information. "They were allowed to 
go out on the roof and look at the sky, 
though," Schlatter chuckled. "They 
insisted on it." (Spending a Colorado sum- 




Aerial view of El Chichon (right), taken June 2, 
1982, shows the new crater formed in place of the 
original summit dome— blown off during the 
March- April 1982 eruptions. Located in Chiapas 
State in southeastern Mexico, El Chichon exploded 
on March 28 (a powerful follow-up came April 4). 
A satellite image taken March 29 shows a light haze 
over southeastern Mexico; by April 5, ash injected 
into the atmosphere from the eruptions had 
reached southern Texas. Layers of volcanic cloud 
were observed at altitudes of 12 to 16 miles. 



XIV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



mer in a darkened room, lit only by com- 
puter displays, was asking too much, even 
from those dedicated to improving their 
forecasting skills.) 

Forecasters who have worked with the 
new system "have had a taste of honey. 
They want the system and they want it 
badly," Schlatter said. Impressed by the 
information and detail in the system, the 
visiting forecasters nevertheless criticized 
what PROFS does not yet offer. For exam- 
ple, one feature makes an instant film loop 
of four frames of cloud motion. Playing 
the loop forwards and backwards shows 
the immediate past motions of the storm 
and gives hints about its future behavior. A 
longer loop, incorporating more than four 
snapshots of a storm, would be even more 
useful, the forecasters said. 

Most of the list of "wants" are improve- 
ments already under development, Schlat- 
ter said. But the forecasters' comments 
and criticisms will guide the refinement of 
the operational weather station of the 
future. 

That system is designed to be adapted to 
each geographical locale where it will be 
used. In the Rocky Mountain region where 
PROFS is being tested, for example, 
knowing where a storm is situated along 
the canyons and drainages can be critical: 
A storm anchored above the Big Thomp- 
son Canyon produced the disastrous 1976 
flood. The moisture-laden storm dropped 
10 to 12 inches of rain into the narrow, 
impermeable mountain canyon in a matter 
of hours. The water had no soil to absorb 
it. Instead, it roared down the rocky, nar- 
row canyon, sweeping away bridges, 
highways, homes, and tourist resorts, and 
claiming the lives of 139 people. 

"With this new kind of weather infor- 
mation, I think we could handle a situation 
like the Big Thompson much better," 
Schlatter said. The system has yet to be 
tested for predicting fog, high winds, or 
dust storms. "Progress in these areas de- 
pends on the lifetime of the phenomenon." 

"There are exciting trends in improving 
short-range forecasting," according to 
George Benton. No "scientific break- 
throughs" are required. "It's a question of 
getting the equipment into place. Ten 
years is not an unreasonable time scale" 
for revamping the nation's weather sys- 
tems, in his opinion. 

"We need to work it out, but not in a 
monolithic way," Benton said. "The big 
problem is, research has steadily moved 
ahead while the operational aspects have 
been inadequately funded." Research is 
relatively inexpensive, he explained, 
while retooling the nation's weather ob- 



Early Weather Instruments 



Modern meteorological instruments go 
back only to post-Renaissance Italy. 
There, in the first decade of the 17th cen- 
tury, was invented the first crude progeni- 
tor of the thermometer— really just a long- 
necked flask inverted into a dish of water. 
An early anemometer, or wind-measuring 
device, came along a few years later, fol- 
lowed in 1664 by Evangelista Torricelli's 
barometer. 

Credit for the barometer goes to Torri- 
celli largely on the strength of his famous 
account of a crucial experiment: "We live 
submerged at the bottom of an ocean of 
elementary air." It seemed to him possible, 
he wrote, "to make an instrument which 
might show the changes of the air, now 
heavier and coarser, now lighter and more 
subtle." In the experiment, he filled a thin 
glass tube, sealed at one end, with liquid 
mercury, then inverted it in a flask of mer- 
cury open to the air. Opposed only by a 
vacuum, the mercury would rise in the 
tube to a height corresponding to the 
weight of the "ocean of air" above it. 

Torricelli's apparatus was designed not 
so much to measure atmospheric pressure 
as to demonstrate the existence of a vac- 
uum, a notion still much in dispute in 
those days. Later, the 18th and 19th centu- 
ries would refine meteorological instru- 



ments, creating mechanical contrivances 
of impressive ingenuity and sometimes 
considerable beauty. The 20th century 
would miniaturize such instruments 
through electronics, and feed their raw 
data into great number-crunching com- 
puters. But the earliest instruments were, 
like Torricelli's barometer, developed 
largely to explore basic physical concepts, 
not to help forecast the weather. 

Many early scientific luminaries had a 
hand in designing meteorological instru- 
ments. Galileo, by all accounts, came up 
with an early thermometer. It was Des- 
cartes who first added a scale to Torricel- 
li's barometer. Leibniz conceived a bel- 
lows-type barometer. The mathematician, 
architect, and all-around genius Sir Chris- 
topher Wren designed an instrument that 
not only measured weather but also re- 
corded it. He called the device a "weather 
clock." 

And even before Messrs. Fahrenheit 
and Celsius, Sir Isaac Newton came up 
with a thermometer. It used linseed oil as 
the thermometric liquid, assigned zero de- 
grees to the freezing point of water, and 
took as its upper fixed point "blood 
heat"— the temperature of the human 
body— which Newton defined as 12 
degrees. — RK 



Long-range Weather 



"Astronomers think of weather as the 
messy stuff you have to get above," says 
Michael Seeds. Seeds, an astronomer 
who also directs the Grundy Observatory 
at Franklin and Marshall College, takes 
the long-range view when it comes to the 
Earth's weather. "The last ice age started 
about three million years ago— and isn't 
over yet," he reminds you. "There's still 
ice on the polar caps. We're between gla- 
ciations now— but in another 20,000 years 
or so, the glaciers may return." Seeds says 
that astronomers and meteorologists are 
currently studying the relation between the 
ice age and secular variations in the 
Earth's orbit — minor oscillations about a 
stable mean that seem to have affected cli- 
mate. 

Although Seeds thinks "the orbital 
changes are going to dominate," he 
doesn't underestimate the effects of a 



warming trend: "Digging carbon com- 
pounds out of the Earth and burning them, 
nuclear fuel, solar-power stations in or- 
bit—whatever the method— they're still 
pumping energy into Earth's atmosphere. 
When the electricity goes through your 
toaster, it's warming the atmosphere." 

Closer to the present. Seeds notes, the 
Voyager flybys of Jupiter may provide 
some clues to Earth's current weather. 
"The explorations gave good information 
on Jupiter's weather patterns. Although 
Jupiter is much larger than Earth, it has no 
continents, no mountains, nothing to dis- 
turb weather patterns." Because "it's sim- 
pler," people building models to predict 
Jupiter's weather patterns are having much 
more success than with predictive models 
for Earth's weather. "If they can learn 
from Jupiter, eventually modelling Earth's 
weather may go better." — MRY 



NOVEMBER 1983 XV 



serving system runs smack into the politi- 
cal process of budget allocations. 

Doppler radar, for example, provides 
more detailed, accurate information than 
the outmoded radars still being used by the 
National Weather Service. "Doppler has 
been used for years and years and years in 
research and was ready to move into oper- 
ations a number of years ago. But the fed- 
eral budget still doesn't call for full Dop- 
pler development until around 1993." 

Benton foresees a new system which 
would accommodate the needs of each 
particular area. New York City, for in- 
stance, could have a network of weather 
stations connected to a central office 
providing information for industrial and 
private clients, the port authority, and air- 
ports, as well as the general public. Its 
instrumentation would, of course, differ 
from what a remote inland area would 
require. 

Air safety as well as forecasting could 
be improved with the new weather 
monitoring systems. Regardless of safety 
concerns, he said, "the major budget deci- 
sions to upgrade equipment have been put 
off and put off." 

The Federal Aviation Administration, 
the Department of Defense, and major in- 
dustries are beginning to see the value of 



improved weather systems for their own 
needs. But, George Benton noted, no one 
should underestimate the public's interest 
in weather information. 
Some of the indicators: 

• About a billion calls are placed each 
year to taped telephone weather reports. 
At IOC a call, the public pays about $100 
million annually for capsule weather infor- 
mation. 

• The NOAA Weather Radio Network 
broadcasts continuous reports on a dedi- 
cated frequency. Special radios required to 
tune in, which run between $14 and $75 
each, sell at a $100-million-a-yearclip. 

• Surveys show people consider the 
weather report the most important segment 
of television news. Producing TV weather 
reports costs about $500 million a year. 

• The amount of weather information 
on radio is equivalent to four stations 
broadcasting continuously 24 hours a day. 
Its pricetag? About $1 billion annually. 

The costs of simply distributing weather 
information is about $1.7 billion— more 
than eight times the budget of the National 
Weather Service itself. 

Today's weather service is made up of 
about a hundred regional offices across the 
country. "If each had an observing radius 
of about 150 km [approximately 90 miles, 



Record Weather 

For meteorologists, weather records are 
raw data, to be fitted into theories and pre- 
dictions. Record weather, on the other 
hand, is interesting in itself: Just how hot 
did it get in El Azizia, Libya, on Septem- 
ber 12, 1922? 

On that day, the hottest day ever re- 
corded, the temperature was 136°F 
(56°C). That outshines the hottest day on 
record in the U.S.: On July 10, 1913, 
Death Valley reached 134°F (57°C). 

Which brings up the coldest temperature 
on record: -126.9°F (-88.3°C) in Vos- 
tok, Antarctica, on August 24, 1960. 
(Wind chill is not included, of course. The 
highest surface wind speed ever recorded 
was 231 mph, atop 6,288-ft. Mt. Wash- 
ington, New Hampshire, on April 12, 
1934.) 

In 24 hours— March 15-16, 1952— 
73.62 inches (or 1,870 mm) of rain fell in 
Cilaos La Reunion in the Indian Ocean 
(compared to 43 inches in Alvin, Texas, 
July 25-26, 1979). In one month, 366.14 
inches of rain fell in Cherrapunji in the 
Indian state of Assam — signalling the last 
month of a rainy season (August 1860- 



July 1861) in which 1,041.78 inches 
(26.461 mm) of rain were recorded. At the 
other end of the spectrum is Arica, Chile, 
where no rain fell from October 1903 
through December 1917— 171 months. 

When it comes to snowfall, the U.S. 
firmly holds the record. In 24 hours, April 
14-15, 1921, 75.8 inches of snow (193 
cm) fell in Silver Lake, Colorado. A sin- 
gle storm dumped 189 inches (480 cm) on 
Mt. Shasta Ski Bowl, California, February 
13-19, 1959. In January 191 1, 390 inches 
(991 cm) fell on Tamarack, California, 
and the 1971-72 snow season brought 
1,122 inches (2,850 cm) of snow to Para- 
dise Ranger Station, Mt. Rainier, 
Washington. 

And to end on weather's vicissitudes: 
the greatest change in temperature re- 
corded in a day is 100°F (a drop from 
44°F to -56°F) in Browning, Montana, 
January 23-24, 1916. The largest upswing 
in temperature— 49°F in only two min- 
utes—came on January 22, 1943, when the 
temperature in Spearfish, South Dakota, 
went from -4°F at 7:30 a.m. to 45°F at 
7:32. -MRY 



the size of the PROFS network deployed 
in Colorado], there wouldn't be a whole 
lot of holes," Tom Schlatter said. Yet even 
Schlatter is not ready to move the system 
into immediate operation. Sophisticated 
new equipment needs to be evaluated, 
tested, and refined. Experience is required 
to devise the right monitoring systems to 
fill in the "holes" in a nationwide observ- 
ing network. And, perhaps most impor- 
tantly, forecasters themselves need train- 
ing in using the new weather data displays. 

"There are probably not a dozen meteo- 
rologists in the whole country who could 
tell you what all of this means," Schlatter 
said, motioning to the full display of 
weather readouts on the PROFS screen. 
Doppler radar also gives a different, less 
familiar pattern of radar information, 
which can mislead the untrained user. 

Now on the drawing board is a National 
STORM Program. (In this case, STORM 
is an almost-acronym for S7brmscale Op- 
erational and Research Meteorology.) Its 
aim: to bring together research in the dy- 
namics of the small-scale weather phe- 
nomena such as thunderstorms, flash 
floods, and freezing rain and then to test 
the new observing technologies against the 
rigors of reality. 

The weather is not simply an easy 
conversational topic. In the aver- 
age year— and so far 1983 has 
been far from average— weather creates 
about $20 billion in damages in the U.S. 
and claims more than 1000 lives. 

The National Academy of Sciences-Na- 
tional Academy of Engineering recently 
tried forecasting important topics in mete- 
orology for the next decade. It singled out 
mesoscale meteorology and climate stud- 
ies as two of three areas of importance. 

The third such area identified was "geo- 
chemical cycles," a lumpy, hydra-headed 
monster which includes acid rain and its 
effects, life cycles of heavy metals, and 
cycles of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Hu- 
mankind has been making massive 
changes in these natural cycles through in- 
dustrialization, agricultural practices, and 
the widespread use of fossil fuels. 

The dimensions of that story are equally 
global. And the question of how humani- 
ty's own activities are altering not only the 
weather and the climate but also the whole 
biological web of life is almost as hard to 
decipher as the game Nature is playing as 
she deals us the wild cards of El Nino and 
El Chichon. 

Diane Johnson is a free-lance writer liv- 
ing in Boulder, Colorado. 



XVI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



WPI CIASS NOTES 



WPI Alumni Association 

President. Harr> W. Tenney. "56 
Senior Vice President. Donald E. Ross. "54 
Vice President. Paul W. Bayliss. "60 
Secretary -Treasurer. Stephen J. Hebert. "66 
Past President. Peter H Horstmann. '55 

Executive Committee Members-at-Large 

Henry R Allessio. '61 
Walter J. Bank. "46 
Wilham J. Firla. Jr.. "60 
JohnM. McHugh. "56 

Fund Board 

Edwin B. Coghlin. Jr.. "56 
Richard A. Davis, '53 

Gerald T. Dyer. '56 

Gerald Finkle. "57. Chair 

Allen H. Levesque. '59. Vice Chair 

C. John Lindegren. Jr.. "39 

Philip H. Puddington. "59 

George R Strom. '56 



1924 



Reunion 



1928 



May 31 -June 3, 1984 



Laurette and Gabriel Bedard of Springfield. 
MA. celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary 
in April. Mrs. Bedard. who graduated from 
Westfield Normal School, was employed by the 
State Board of Education in Hartford. CT. Mr. 
Bedard was superintendent of Fire Alarm and 
Police Signals for the City of Springfield, retir- 
ing in 1966. 



1929 



Reunion 



1930 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



MARRIED: Kate Wagner and Fred Peters on 
June 1 1. 1983. Fred says he and Kate plan to 
attend the 55th reunion. (His first wife. Peg. 
died several years ago.) 

The Carl Backstroms and the Roscoe Bo- 
werses attended a regional meeting of the South 
West Florida WPI alumni group while in Flor- 
ida last winter. 

John Conley, who retired in 1967. currently 
resides in San Diego. CA. He keeps busy with 
the Lions Club as treasurer and as chairman of a 



committee on services to the blind. Besides 
tending his yard and playing a little golf, he 
attends adult education classes in a Continuing 
Education program affiliated with San Diego 
Stale 

Herb Davis reports from Florida that he was 
very ill last winter, but is now on the mend and 
hopes to visit his relatives in Massachusetts 
soon. 

Norman Enman of Amherst. MA. retired in 
1978 after managing the Lord Jeffrey Inn and 
University Motor Lodge for 30 years. Norman 
keeps busy with golf, gardening and town poli- 
tics. He and his wife. Mary jane, enjoy trips to 
Florida. 

Myrt Finney reports that his wife passed 
away last year. He is still living in Stroudsburg. 
PA. and keeps in touch with a few of his class- 
mates. 

George Marston writes that he hopes to 
make the 55th class reunion. He planned to take 
an Elderhostel course at the University of Min- 
nesota in July It's been 20 years since he retired 
from the University of Massachusetts at 
Amherst. 

The Jim McLoughlins recently returned 
from a 50th wedding anniversary trip to 
St. Thomas. Jim continues on the board of di- 
rectors of the Fort Nathan Hale Restoration 
Project He also does volunteer work at the 
New Haven Colony Historical Society, writes 
articles about New Haven legends for the local 
newspaper and is researching his family tree. 

Phil Seal has finished up his term as assessor 
for the Town of Gouldsboro. ME. and now in- 
tends to finish off the second floor of his house 

Pete Topelian continues with the quality 
control technology unit at Boeing in Renton. 
WA. He has five patents and has applied for his 
sixth, a patent on a bathroom cleanser that 
when applied gives fog-free mirrors and no- 
streak fixtures and tile. Pete says anyone want- 
ing a free sample may contact him. (The 
Alumni Office has his address. ) 

John Wells reports that he has purchased a 
little computer. "I spend a lot of time practicing 
the art of programming, mainly just to find out 
if I can do it." He says he wishes he had one 
while he was at WPI. 

Carl W. Backstrom, Class Secretary 



1932 



Emanuel Athanas has received an award for 
comprehensive and objective coverage of the 
congressional hearings on American military 
aid to Greece and Turkey as Washington corre- 
spondent of the Athenian newspaper Mesim- 



vrini. He was slated to spend part of the sum- 
mer on his native island of Rhodes. 



1934 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Charlie McElroy. 50th reunion committee 
chairman, reports that class reunion headquar- 
ters will be at the Sheraton-Lincoln Inn. 500 
Lincoln St., Worcester. Warren Davenport. 
associate reunion chairman, and his wife. 
Helen, who successfully ran the hospitality 
suite during the 45th reunion, will again be in 
charge of hospitality for the 50th. Both the hos- 
pitality suite and the class dinner are slated for 
the Sheraton. 

Charlie McElrov's address is: P.O. Box 455. 

Rye Beach. NH 03871. (Tel.: 603-964-8596.) 

Warren Davenport's address is: 53 Paine St.. 

Worcester. MA 01605. (Tel.: 617-754-0293.) 

Howard A murium. Class Secreran. 



1935 



Phillip Dean writes that during his long career 
with Northeast Utilities Service Company, one 
oi his most challenging projects was convening 
a double-circuit 69KV and a double-circuit 
27.6KV to a four-circuit 1 15KV line on a nar- 
row right of way This project, known as "Op- 
eration Shoehorn."' resulted in a presentation to 
a meeting of the Edison Electric Institute and an 
article in Electrical World. 

Ted Latour and his wife. Irene, live in retire- 
ment in Las Vegas. NV where Ted pursues his 
hobby, politics, and has actively worked for 
several political candidates. He walks about 
five miles every day. In 1973 Ted retired from 
Du Pont following 38 years of service. The 
Latours have six sons and they have eleven 
grandchildren. 

Irving Skeist, who worked as a research 
chemist for Celluloid Corp. (now Celanese 
Corp ) in Newark. NJ. for more than ten years, 
began his career as a consultant in 1955. He 
wrote an article on plasticizers for Chemical 
Week that caused the head of a cosmetics com- 
pany to decide that he would be the right person 
to do some needed poly mer research. With his 
backing. Skeist Laboratories. Inc. (consultants 
to the polymer industries), was bom. The labs 
conduct marketing research for 300 companies 
in 20 countries. Irving has been the author/edi- 
tor of five books. His Handbook of Adhesive* is 
the best known reference work on that subject. 



NOVEMBER 1983 29 



Harold Vickery, who has served as class 
agent, spent 36 years with Norton Company in 
Worcester and is now retired and living in 
Gloucester. A registered industrial engineer, he 
graduated from WPI's School of Industrial 
Management in 1954. Currently he is vice pres- 
ident of a small company that builds aluminum 
boats. The firm has built 40 so far, from 1 1 to 
60 feet long. The Vickery s enjoy travel and 
photography. 

Homer R. Morrison. Class Secretary 



1936 



Alexander Gordon participated in the 1983 In- 
ternational Congress of the Society of Automo- 
tive Engineers (SAE) in Detroit in March. He 
served as chairman and as co-organizer of a 
full-day symposium session on gaskets and pre- 
sented a paper on gasket standards. 



1937 



The Larry Grangers have moved from the 



Cape to Covenant Village of Cromwell. CT. 
Their two-bedroom cottage is part of a continu- 
ing-care retirement community. During their 
years on the Cape. Larry and his wife, Natalie, 
served more than 1 ,000 hours each as hospital 
volunteers. 



1938 



In May, Walter Knapp retired as vice presi- 
dent of engineering from G.F. Wright Steel & 
Wire in Worcester. An SIM graduate, he has 
also served WPI as a class agent and as a mem- 
ber of the 40th class reunion committee. Long a 
leader in Phi Gamma Delta activities, he was 
awarded the fraternity's Durrance Award in 
1976. 



1939 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Retired since 1981 from the Very Large Na- 
tional Radio Astronomy Observatory, John 



Lancaster and his wife, Phyllis, have been en- 
joying cruises in their 42-ft. ketch. They have 
summered in Maine and New England waters 
and travelled across the Bermuda Triangle to 
the Virgin Islands. Recently they sailed to 
South America. 



1942 



In April. William Dodge won a one-year term 
on the Board of Education in Montgomery, NJ. 
He is a chemical engineer with FMC, has a 
master's degree from the University of Louis- 
ville and is the father of two children. 

Last February, Herbert Goodman bought 
the W.T. Grant building in Worcester and is 
developing it as the Executive Plaza, an office 
condominium complex. For many years he 
headed Herbert Engineering, Inc., which pio- 
neered "tilt-up" construction (building concrete 
panels on the ground, then tipping them up be- 
tween reinforcing girders) as well as guaranteed 
cost-control systems in the Worcester area. 
Now semi-retired, he says he takes care of his 
grandchildren sometimes and flies his four-pas- 
senger airplane. 



B. Leighton Wellman: 
From Books to Blueprints 

His revised 1957 textbook, Technical De- 
scriptive Geometry, is still in print, and he 
still enjoys the spacious ranch house he 
designed in 1958. Professor Emeritus B. 
Leighton Wellman, 35 MSME, has the 
knack of doing a project right the first 
time. 

He graduated with honors from the Uni- 
versity of Illinois in 1930. That same year 
he joined the WPI mechanical engineering 
staff as an instructor. He was promoted to 
assistant professor and head of WPI's En- 
gineering Drawing Division in 1938. As 
division head, he helped develop and im- 
prove courses in drawing, design and de- 
scriptive geometry. 

Wellman 's special interest in descriptive 
geometry prompted him to write the first 
edition of Technical Descriptive Geometry 
in 1948. "The book offered a new ap- 
proach to a classical subject and it found 
wide acceptance in engineering colleges 
around the world," he says. In 1964 it was 
translated into Spanish. Nine years in the 
making, his Introduction to Graphical 
Analysis and Design was published by 
McGraw-Hill in 1966. 

During World War II, Prof. Wellman di- 
rected WPI's Engineering, Science and 
Management War Training Program. He 
was secretary of the faculty from 1955 to 
1968 and the John Woodman Higgins pro- 
fessor of mechanical engineering in 1967- 
68. 

In 1963, he was named chairman of the 
Engineering Graphics Division of the 




The Wellmans at home. 

American Society for Engineering Educa- 
tion. (The division later awarded him a 
distinguished service citation.) He has 
been listed in Who's Who in Engineering. 
In 1964, he was awarded an honorary doc- 
torate from WPI. 

Today, Prof. Wellman and his wife, 
Marjorie, are living in retirement in Wor- 
cester. In his basement shop he pursues a 
lifelong hobby, printing. Since retiring in 
1968, the Wellmans have taken nine tours, 
including trips to Europe, the Orient, Can- 



ada and Alaska. They enjoy "Christmas in 
July" family reunions with their son, War- 
ren, and daughter, Elaine. 

This year. Prof. Wellman is especially 
looking forward to the get-together. "War- 
ren has promised to take me riding in his 
new hot rod," he says. "It's a '64 Chevy 
convertible with a fiberglass body he de- 
signed and built himself," he reports with 
parental pride. Designing and carrying out 
projects appear to be Wellman family 
traits. 



30 WPI JOURNAL 



Richard Vaughn has retired as manager of 
tool engineering for Pratt & Whitney Aircraft's 
Southington, CT, plant after 34 years of ser- 
vice. Also, he has retired as an LCDR in the 
Naval Air Corps. Currently, he resides in Glas- 
tonbury, CT, and Mashpee, MA. 



1944 



Reunion 



1946 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Judge Ernest Hayeck of the Worcester Central 
District Court was elected chairman of the 
American Bar Association National Conference 
of Special Court Judges during the 1983 ABA 
annual meeting held in August in Atlanta. 
Judge Hayeck has served on the Massachusetts 
bench since 1970, and is currently chairman of 
the Advisory Committee of the Jury Manage- 
ment System project designed to bring "one 
day-one trial" jury service to the entire state. 
Under that system, no citizen can be required to 
serve as a juror for more than one day, or more 
than one trial. Recently he was elected to the 
board of trustees of Worcester's Mechanics 
Hall. 

Howard Mayo has been named engineer of 
the year by the Lincoln chapter of the Pennsyl- 
vania Society of Professional Engineers. 



1949 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Joe Skidmore has retired from Armco. Inc. He 
had open-heart surgery in February. 



1954 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Richard Meirowitz is now a senior engineer 
with Singer Corp., Kearfott Division, in 
Wayne, NJ. 

Roger VVildt has been named director of the 
new construction marketing division for Bethle- 
hem Steel's steel group in Bethlehem, PA. Ear- 
lier this year he was promoted to assistant man- 
ager of sales engineering. He is a registered 
professional engineer. 



1955 



Robert Schultz, professor of civil engineering 
at Oregon State University, Corvallis, has been 
reappointed to the Oregon Board of Engineer- 
ing Examiners. He is a past president of the 
Corvallis Optimist Club and a member of the 
ASCE, the American Congress of Surveying 
and Mapping and the Professional Land Sur- 
veyors of Oregon. Also, he is a member of the 
Engineering Accreditation Committee of the 
Accrediting Board for Engineering and Tech- 
nology, which sets standards for and evaluates 
engineering schools nationwide. 



Robert Stempel, general manager of 
Chevrolet, was profiled in the May issue of 
Road and Track magazine. He is a WPI trustee. 



1956 



Arnold Hall is president of Seacure, Inc., ma- 
rine brokers-engineers, in Westerly, RI. An ex- 
ecutive search specialist. Hall serves as a con- 
sultant and negotiator in the hiring process 
between employer and prospective employee. 

Charlie Healy has been named managing di- 
rector of Ranhill Ebasco in North Sydney, Aus- 
tralia. 



1957 



Dr. John Buzzi, president of Kupper Associ- 
ates of Piscataway, NJ, has been honored as 
"Construction Man of the Year" by the New 
Jersey Ready-Mixed Concrete Association and 
the New Jersey chapter of the American Con- 
crete Institute. (Kupper is one of the largest 
independently-owned civil engineering firms in 
the state.) Buzzi also serves as president of the 
Water Resources Association of the Delaware 
River Basin and is chairman of the U.S. Army 
Corps of Engineers New York District Public 
Involvement Coordination Group. 

Anthony Matulaitis was recently appointed 
manager of manufacturing engineering at 
Rathbone Corporation in Palmer, MA. He di- 
rects the firm's metallurgical and engineering 
program for cold-drawn shaped products used 
in the computer, business machine, firearms 
and gas turbine industries. He holds a BS and 
an MS from WPI. 



1959 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Currently Fred Lutze is professor of aerospace 
engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University in Blacksburg. For the past 
two years he has been a licensed private pilot. 



1960 



Irwin Jacobs has been named president of Frey 
Associates, Inc. Previously he was senior vice 
president of Data Terminal Systems, Maynard, 
MA, and a 17-year employee of Digital Equip- 
ment Corp.. which he served as product group 
manager and vice president. 

Arthur LoVetere, president of MacDermid, 
Inc., has been named associate chairman of the 
annual interfaith National Bible Week slated for 
November in Waterbury, CT. A past chairman 
of the local Chamber of Commerce, he is direc- 
tor of the Colonial Bank and a former president 
of the Metal Finishing Suppliers' Association. 



1961 



Still with GE, John Donnelly is currently on a 



three-year assignment as managing director of 
specialty materials in Ireland. He is located in 
Dublin, where construction and start-up of a 
facility to produce synthetic diamonds for a 
worldwide market are being finalized. 

Normand Noel has been appointed senior 
manager of business development for Gilbane 
Building Company's Northeast regional office 
in Providence, RI. He has more than 20 years 
of experience in the construction and consulting 
business, including employment with Shell Oil 
and Tampa (FL) Electric Co. Currently Noel is 
a lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps Re- 
serve. He has an MBA from the University of 
Connecticut. 

Kenneth Virkus writes: "Another success- 
ful year with the Alumni Admissions Program." 
He has another year to go as a member of the 
New Jersey Governor's Ethnic Advisory Coun- 
cil. Recently he was promoted to research sec- 
tion manager at General Cable Co., Edison, 
NJ. 



1962 



Brian O'Connell was promoted to captain in 
the U.S. Navy on St. Patrick's Day, with cere- 
monies held later at Naval Facilities Engineer- 
ing Command Headquarters (NAVFAC) in Al- 
exandria. VA. Currently he is the assistant 
commander for family housing for NAVFAC. 
During his career he has served in Vietnam, 
Guam, and at the Navy's newest Trident sub- 
marine base at Kings Bay, GA. Among his dec- 
orations are the Meritorious Unit Commenda- 
tion, Navy Achievement Medal and Vietnam 
Service with Silver Star. He graduated from 
Stanford University with an MSCE and from 
the Naval War College. 



1963 



Paul Abajian continues as associate professor 
of science at Johnson State College in Vermont. 
In his spare time, he is active with Vermont 
aviation. 

Gary Adams spends his summers doing re- 
search at Mystic (CT) Aquarium. He is an asso- 
ciate professor and chairman of the math de- 
partment at Thames Valley State Technical 
College in Norwich. 

Currently, Walter Arell serves as a senior 
programmer and manager of microcode devel- 
opment at IBM Corp., Kingston, NY. He has 
been a member of the Stratton Mt., VT, ski 
patrol for 15 years, and his daughter. Shannon, 
1 1 , is a promising ski racer at Stratton. Daugh- 
ter Sydney is 6. 

Dr. Alfred Barrett is section head of power 
systems for General Motors in Goleta, CA. He 
enjoys photography, classical music and car- 
pentry. 



1964 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



John Lindquist has been named group man- 
ager for textile development by the B F Good- 
rich Tire Group. He joined the firm in 1964 as a 



NOVEMBER 1983 31 



materials engineer. During his Gixxirich career 
he has been a senior product engineer for lire 
compound development, a section leader in air- 
craft tire development and manager of passen- 
ger tire compound development. A member of 
the Rubber Division of the American Chemical 
Society, Lindquist is also a life member of the 
Akron Rubber Group. 



1965 



Phil Ryan was recentl) elected a director oi 
Public Service Co. o\ New Hampshire in Man- 
chester. He is a senior partner in Bigelow Co.. a 
management consulting firm. 

"Hutch" Wvman is now quality cost reduc- 
tion manager for the Torrington Company He 
is married, has two children and is busy with 
church and Kiwanis work. 



1966 



A town meeting member for five years and past 
president of Precinct Five. William Collentro 
has joined the finance committee in Falmouth. 
MA He is employed by Vaponics Co.. Plym- 
outh, a firm that designs and manufactures wa- 
ter purification equipment. 

Richard Somers II serves as director of Dif- 
ferent Drummer. Building Associates, in Wel- 
lesley. MA. 



1967 



MARRIED: Peter Shanlev and Ellen Rosa on 
Jul> 23. 1983. in New Haven. CT. Ellen holds 
a BS in nutrition and food science from Syra- 
cuse University and interned at Massachusetts 
General Hospital in Boston. She has an MBA 
from Babson College, and he has an MBA from 
RPI 

Currently. Prank Manter. PE. is with the 
Neat Consulting Co.. West Acton. MA. The 
firm is concerned with electrical design, con- 
trols s> stems and process controls. 

Noel Potter of General Motors Research 
Laboratories was author of a technical paper. 
"Determination of p-Pheny lenediamine Anti- 
ozonant in Neoprene Rubber." which was pre- 
sented at the 123rd Rubber Division meeting of 
the American Chemical Societv in Toronto. 
Canada, in June. 

William Tanzer, a production superv isor at 
Eastman Gelatin in Peabody. MA. has been 
named to the Board of Health in Hamilton. 
MA 



1968 



Piyush Amin, PE. has been promoted to engi- 
neering manager of the structures section at Mi- 
chael Baker Corporation. Beaver. PA. Cur- 
rentlv he is project manager for the design of 
two bridges in West Virginia. He holds three 
masters degrees, including a recent MBA from 
Penn State. 

In April. Bob Demers was appointed chief 
respiratory therapist at Stanford L'niversitv 



Hospital in California. He is a clinical resource 
person to a department of 90. Prev iousIv . he 
was intensive care specialist at the UMass Med- 
ical Center in Worcester 

Bob Ellis is a trucker for the Veltman Termi- 
nal Co. in Los Angeles. 

In May, Eugene Murphy was named prod- 
uct marketing manager at Power General 
Corp.. Canton. MA. 



1969 



Reunion 



October 1, 1984 



Michael Delleo, Jr.. an assistant professor at 
the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. NY, 
was recent I v promoted to the rank of lieutenant 
colonel in the U.S. Army. 

Last spring "Rick" Follett and his family 
moved from Massachusetts to California, 
where Rick continues as a senior field applica- 
tions engineer with Advanced Micro Devices 
(AMD) near the "Silicon Valley" He has been 
w ith AMD for four y ears. 

Air Products and Chemicals oi Allentown. 
PA. has appointed Arthur Katsaros director of 
business development for the company s Chem- 
icals Group. He will oversee group market re- 
search, economic evaluation and strategic plan- 
ning. With the firm since 1973. Katsaros was 
previously business manager of nitration prod- 
ucts. He has an MBA from Lehigh. 

Edward Mierzejewski is now manager of 
transportation serv ices for the consulting engi- 
neering firm of Post. Buckley. Schuh & Jerni- 
gan. Inc.. Tallahassee. FL. He has an MSCE 
from MIT. 

Mahendra Patel has been elected president 
of the Engineering Societies of New England. 
Inc. He is a senior mechanical engineer in the 
engineering, planning and research department 
of Boston Edison Company and is a mechanical 
group leader in the firm's mechanical and struc- 
tural design division. A member of the ASME. 
he now heads the Boston chapter's honors and 
awards committee for the New England region. 

B. Lee Tuttle. an assistant professor of pro- 
cess engineering at GMI Engineering and Man- 
agement Institute in Flint. MI. recently re- 
ceived the Ralph R. Teetor Award from the 
Society of Automotive Engineers and the Dow 
Award from the American Society for Engi- 
neering Education. The Teetor Award cites ex- 
cellence in undergraduate teaching in automo- 
tive-related fields, while the Dow Award 
recognizes enthusiasm in engineering instruc- 
tion. 



1970 



MARRIED: Dr Lothar Kleiner to Donna 
Hiznay on July 2. 1983. in Plamesville. OH. 
She has a degree in chemistry from the Univer- 
sity of Notre Dame. Euclid. OH. A senior re- 
search engineer with Raychem. Menlo Park. 
CA. he has an MS from the University of Dela- 
ware and a PhD from the Polymer Science In- 
stitute at L'Mass. 

David Emery, a former U.S. representative 
from Maine, has been confirmed by the U.S. 
Senate as deputy director of the Arms Control 
and Disarmament Agency in Washington. DC. 



He prev iousIv had served as a consultant for the 
agency . 

Dr. James Hannoosh was recently named 
director oi new business development for ad- 
vanced ceramic components in Norton Compa- 
ny's high performance ceramics business unit. 
He has a master's degree and doctorate from 
MIT 

John Keenan has been promoted to opera- 
tions supervisor at Unit 2 of Northeast Utili- 
ties's (NU) Millstone Nuclear Power Station in 
Connecticut. He joined the Connecticut Light 
and Power Company, an NU subsidiary, in 
1970 in Waterbury. He was advanced to engi- 
neer at Millstone 2 in 1975. In 1979. he was 
named senior engineer and in 1981. mainte- 
nance superv isor. 

James Troupes, chief project coordinator of 
Allen & Dcmurjian. Inc.. Boston, has been 
named a v ice president and director of the con- 
sulting firm. Recently he received his registra- 
tion as a land surveyor from the Massachusetts 
Board of Registration of Professional Engineers 
and Land Surveyors. He has been responsible 
for many multi-screen cinema complexes from 
Maine to California, as well as real estate ac- 
quisition projects for the U.S. Army Corps of 
Engineers. Prior to joining Allen & Dcmurjian 
in 1977. Troupes served as chief of survey with 
Moore Survey & Mapping Corp.. Shrewsbury. 
MA. and as technical consultant to the Town of 
Milford. 



1971 



MARRIED: Robert Dugger, Jr., and Janice 
Ramondetta in Newington. CT. on June 18. 
1983. Janice received two degrees from the 
University of Connecticut and is with St. Fran- 
cis Hospital and Medical Center. Robert, who 
holds a master's degree from the University of 
Hartford, works for Barclays American Busi- 
ness Credit in East Hartford. 

BORN: to Patricia and Bob Trachimowicz a 
third son. Nathan Patrick, on March 26. 1983. 
Timothy is 6 and Matthew. 4. Bob is resident 
engineer with Ebasco Services. Inc.. in Hous- 
ton. TX. 

Arthur Jackman, head of the math depart- 
ment at the Keefe School in Framingham. MA. 
was recently named "Teacher of the Year" for 
the secondary -school level by the State Depart- 
ment of Education. Currently he is setting up a 
microcomputer lab at Keefe and teaching com- 
puter science part time at Dean Junior College. 
He has a master's degree in math from the Uni- 
versity of Lowell. 

John Meschisen has been appointed director 
of purchasing and materials control at EUA 
Service Corp.. Lincoln. RI. Previously he was 
manager of division engineering. He belongs to 
the IEEE and serves as chairman of the under- 
ground systems subcommittee of the Electric 
Council of New England. 

Kevin O'Connell recently left Arkwnght- 
Boston Insurance and is now director of loss 
prevention for W.R. Grace & Co. in Manhat- 
tan. 

Bill Philbrook is currently with Scott Sys- 
tems. Inc.. Marlboro. MA. 

U.S. Army Maj. Richard San Antonio has 
completed his fellowship in cardiology at 
Brooke Army Medical Center in Texas. With 
the Army for seven years. Richard has now 



32 Vi'PI JOURNAL 



been assigned to the Walter Reed Army Medi- 
cal Center. Washington. DC. He holds an MS 
from MIT and a medical degree from Washing- 
ton University. His wife. Maj. Pamela San An- 
tonio, is a pediatrician. 

Since May. Ron Zarrella has been serving as 
managing director of Playtex (Pty. ) Ltd. in 
Australia. He resides in Mosman. 



1972 



Sam Cuscovitch recently left CIGNA Corp. to 
form Sage Telecommunications. Inc.. a Con- 
necticut-based firm providing professional ser- 
vices and software products for telecommunica- 
tion vendors and users. He lives in Coventry. 
CT. 

Patrick Lafayette has been named water 
pollution control director in Stonington. CT. 
and will direct a local S3-million sewer expan- 
sion project. Formerly, he was city engineer in 
Norwich. He holds a master's in wastewater 
treatment from the University of Maine. 

Mark Samek, a registered professional engi- 
neer, has been promoted to senior engineer at 
Northeast Utilities. Hartford. CT. After joining 
the firm in 1978. he was advanced to associate 
engineer in 1979 and to engineer in 1980. He 
has a MS in nuclear engineering from MIT. 

Dr. August Sapega, professor of engineering 
at Trinity College. Hartford. CT. has been 
named to the college's Hallden professorship. 
With the faculty since 1951. he has been coor- 
dinator of computing activities since 1977 and 
was chairman of the engineering department 
from 1970 to 1981. He holds BS" and MS de- 
grees from Columbia and a doctorate in electri- 
cal engineering from WPI. His major fields of 
research are solid state electronics and the ap- 
plications of mini- and micro-computers to en- 
gineering problems. He is the author of publica- 
tions in both of these areas. From 1979 to 1983 
he was chairman of the New England Regional 
Computing Program. 



1973 



BORN: to Kristine and William Nutter a son. 
William Douglas, on May 10. 1983. Kristine 
graduated from the University of Wisconsin 
and has a master's degree from Florida Institute 
of Technology. Both Nutters are employed by 
Rockwell International. 

After a six-month stay in Zurich. Switzer- 
land. Ron Bohlin was slated to return to 
Northboro. MA. in August. 

William Cormier, Jr., has been named as 
supervisor for zeolite and fluid cracking cata- 
lyst preparation by Katalistiks. Inc.. Baltimore. 
MD. Previously he spent nine years with Mobil 
Research and Development Corp.. Paulsboro. 
NJ. where he was a senior research engineer. 
He has coauthored four patents on zeolite syn- 
thesis and fluid cracking catalysts and is named 
on four other pending patents. 

Paul Parulis has been promoted to senior 
engineer at Northeast Utilities's Millstone Nu- 
clear Power Station. A registered professional 
engineer, he had been a commissioner for the 
town of Waterford's Water Pollution Control 
Authority. 

Lt Robert Steinberg, USN. was awarded a 




L to R: Paid Glazier, Headen Tfwtnpson, Carl Benson, and Roger Iffland 



WPI Grads Follow 
Good Neighbor Policy 

It may be officially listed as "East Hill 
Rd." in the Torrington (CT) street direc- 
tory, but "Alumni Hill" would not be a 
misnomer. Since the 1940s, four WPI 
alumni have been East Hill neighbors. 

"Not only that." says Carl Benson. '36 
ME. "we all spent our entire careers with 
the Torrington Co. and are all now re- 
tired." Still carrying on their long-standing 
good neighbor policy with Benson are 
Paul Glazier. '37 ME. Headen Thompson. 
"36 EE, and Roger Iffland. '39 ME. An- 
other Torrington friend. Harry Haag. is 
also one of the original "settlers." 

"After World War II. when building 
materials again became available, we got 
together and decided to buy land and 
build." Benson continues. "Roger knew of 
some farmland on the east side of town 
where he had helped cut hay as a boy. We 
had the property surveyed and laid out in 
seven one-acre lots." 

Today, the neighbors continue to enjoy 
each other's company and working on per- 
sonal projects. Iffland helps out friends 



and family with wiring and building prob- 
lems and likes playing cards. He also gar- 
dens and takes long walks. In 1980 he re- 
tired as chief of mechanical engineering 
after 40 years with the company. He and 
his wife. Lucy, have five children, ten 
grandchildren and two step-grandchildren. 

Paul Glazier and his wife. Marjorie. 
who have two children and one grand- 
child, collect antiques and do some selling 
at shows. They belong to the Pewter Col- 
lectors Club of America and attend club 
meetings at various locations where col- 
lections are on exhibit. 

Thompson, a retired chief plant engi- 
neer, belongs to SCORE (Service Corps of 
Retired Executives) and is past president 
of the local Rotary Club. He enjoys ama- 
teur radio, travel and photography. The 
Thompsons have a daughter and a grand- 
son. 

Carl Benson retired as director of re- 
search at Torrington. His hobbies include 
woodworking, making violins and golf. 
Soon he and Doris, who have two daugh- 
ters and three grandchildren, expect to 
move into a remodeled cottage in Charles- 
town. RI. They will be the first original 
residents to move from East Hill Rd. 



master's in naval architecture and marine engi- 
neering and a professional degree of ocean en- 
gineer from MIT in May. He has served with 
the Navy for 1 1 years, and is slated to be sta- 
tioned in Boston. 



1974 



Reunion 



October 1, 1984 



MARRIED: Edward Arsnow and Barbara 
Griffin in Melrose. MA. recently. Barbara 
graduated from Bates College and Boston Uni- 
versity. Both Arsnows are product planners at 
Western Electric. Edward is also studying for 



his MBA at Northeastern. . Stephen 
Powlishen and Lon Cowan on May 28. 1983. 
in Wallingford. CT. Lori graduated from South- 
ern Connecticut State College and works for 
Hewlett Packard, where Stephen is also em- 
ployed. . . .Warren Spence and Emily Short on 
January 31. 1983. .. Anthony Tomasiello, 
Jr., and Janet Amorello on June 25. 1983. in 
Worcester. Janet is a self-employed graphic de- 
signer. Tomasiello. who graduated from Suf- 
folk Law School, is an attorney with the law 
firm of Healy & Rocheleau.' PC Peter 
Walworth to Elizabeth Cardin in Attleboro. 
MA. on May 29. 1983. A sales administrator 
for Apollo Computer. Inc.. in Chelmsford, she 
graduated from Lasell Junior College. Peter is 
employed by Applicon in Burlington. 



NOVEMBER 1983 



33 



In May, Robert Barry received his MSEE 
from UVM in Burlington, after attending the 
university full time through IBM's LSI Institute 
Program. He is a staff engineer for IBM in 
Hopewell Junction, NY, where he works in in- 
tegrated circuit design. 

Bruce Beaupre has joined the sales staff of 
Howard Katz Real Estate Associates in Worces- 
ter. He is a candidate for a master's degree at 
WPI. 

Capt. Christopher Cigal has returned from 
Germany and now lives in Forest Hill, MD. 

Actor-magician Steve Dacri has opened the 
Steve Dacri School of Magic in North Holly- 
wood. CA. 

Mathew DiPilato was recently promoted to 
manager of the Manchester (NH) office of 
Goldberg-Zoino & Associates, Inc., a geotech- 
nical consulting firm. 

Jim True holds the post of programmer-ana- 
lyst at Sanders Associates in Nashua, NH. He 
is serving his second term as treasurer of the 
Nashua Theater Guild. 

Andrew Wemple has been promoted to asso- 
ciate actuary within the group actuarial organi- 
zation at State Mutual in Worcester. Promoted 
to assistant actuary in 1980. in 1979 he was 
named a fellow of the Society of Actuaries. 

Mark Whitney, who has a professional engi- 
neer's (PE) license in Connecticut, recently re- 
ceived his PE license in Massachusetts. 

Ed Wiles is now chief engineer and assistant 
sales manager for Concrete Structures, Inc., a 
pre-cast, pre-stressed concrete manufacturer 
headquartered in Richmond, VA. Last spring 
he received his MBA from the University of 
Richmond. Married, Ed is the father of Chris- 
tina, 2. 

Jim Rubino, Class Secretary 



1975 



MARRIED: Dr. Torbjoern ("Toby") Ny- 
gaard and Dr. Lisa Mellman in Denver, CO, 
last October. Dr. Mellman, who retains her 
maiden name, is a resident in psychiatry at Co- 
lumbia Presbyterian Hospital in New York 
City. Toby recently completed his residency in 
internal medicine and has now begun a resi- 
dency in neurology at the College of Medicine 
and Dentistry of New Jersey in Newark. 

BORN: to Melody and Chris Danker their 
second son, Jared Fitzgerald, on April 26, 
1983. Chris is a senior manufacturing engineer 
for Electronized Chemicals Co., Burlington, 
MA. Currently, he is in charge of all processes 
at the firm's new Wilmington facility. . . .to 
Joanna and Martin Fugardi their first child, 
Daniel Martin, last Memorial Day. For the past 
year Martin has been project engineer and chief 
inspector on a $150-million project for the gov- 
ernment of Qatar. After traveling to Cyprus and 
Paris, the Fugardis planned to return to the 
U.S. in time for Homecoming. . . .to Mr. and 
Mrs. Richard Mariano their first child, Diane 
Elizabeth, on September 27, 1982. Mariano is 
an operational planner for the Personal Care 
Division at Gillette. . . .to Soheila and Kazem 
Sohraby a daughter, Mariam, on April 10, 
1983. Currently, Dr. Sohraby is manager of the 
communications network, planning depart- 
ment, at Computer Sciences Corp., systems di- 
vision. 

Art Aikin, who has served as a WPI class 



agent, is a materials engineer at the Naval Air 
Engineering Center (NAEC) in Lakehurst, NJ. 
He is a member of the Sea 'N AirToastmasters' 
Club for NAEC Lakehurst, and is active in the 
Toastmasters Youth Leadership programs. Cur- 
rently he is studying for his MS in engineering 
management at Widener University, Chester, 
PA. 

Bob Ankstitus, a project manager with the 
EPA, is concerned with emergency cleanup ac- 
tivities for oil spills, hazardous materials spills 
and hazardous waste site cleanups in New En- 
gland. He andhis wife Patti have three sons. 
Hobbies include sport-fishing and camping. 

Rob Apkarian has been promoted to senior 
electron microscopist at the University of Lou- 
isville in Kentucky, where he built an EM lab 
modelled on those he had worked in previously 
at the Yale University School of Medicine. 
Since graduation from WPI, he has served as an 
electron microscope technician for Dr. Danielli 
in WPI's Life Sciences Department and for 
Yale Nobelist Dr. George Palade. After study- 
ing at the University of Illinois Medical Center 
in Chicago, he transferred to Clark and com- 
pleted his MS in biology. He has presented 10 
articles at international EM conferences and 
soon plans to host his first EM conference on 
high-resolution scanning electron microscopy. 

Bob ("Snake") Bradley continues with 
DEC in Marlboro, MA, where he is product 
manager for communications hardware and 
software products for one of DEC's personal 
computers. He has travelled to Europe and Asia 
on business, as well as to the "Silicon Valley" 



in California, "where the micro industry 
thrives." He is currently completing his MS the- 
sis in computer science at WPI. 

After a five-year absence, Bill Cunningham 
has returned to Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, 
where he is a staff I&C engineer. Bill is a mem- 
ber of the Webster Public Safety Committee 
and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. 

Nicholas Kyriakos is with the Societe Na- 
tional Elf Aquitaine (production), the French 
nationalized petrochemical company in Pau. As 
project engineer, he is responsible for the off- 
shore and onshore oil and gas projects. Earlier 
he worked on projects in South America and 
Africa. 

In June, Dr. Joe LeBritton joined Burr- 
Brown Research Corp., Tuscon, AZ, where he 
is a software engineer. For the past two years, 
he was a high-energy physicist for the Univer- 
sity of Arizona, Tucson, conducting experi- 
ments at the National Accelerator Laboratory in 
Batavia, IL. 

On Valentine's Day the Richard Nortons re- 
ceived a hoped-for valentine, their adopted 
daughter, Samantha Julie. They are active in 
the local chapter of the Open Door Society, an 
adoptive parents support group. Richard is a 
project manager at Gale Engineering Company, 
Inc., Braintree, MA. 

Beth Pennington is living in Greenwood, 
SC, where she is doing independent consulting 
on computer system installations and use. Be- 
sides attending the executive MBA program at 
Emory University in Atlanta, GA, she also 
serves as chairman of the computer science ad- 



Behn Writes Guide 
To Decision Making 

"Analytical thinking is the key to making 
intelligent choices," says Robert Behn, 
'63, coauthor of Quick Analysis for Busy 
Decision Makers, published recently by 
Basic Books, Inc. "Anybody can make 
better decisions, even when time and in- 
formation are limited," Behn continues, 
"and by using the quick analysis system, 
the decision-maker can help stack a few 
more odds in his favor." 

The new director of Duke University's 
Institute of Policy Science and Public Af- 
fairs, Behn wrote the 415-page Quick 
Analysis with Duke colleague James 
Vaupel. The book illustrates the power of 
quick analysis in a variety of decisions- 
such as: 

1. Should an angina patient risk open- 
heart surgery? 

2. Should a business executive intro- 
duce a new product? 

3. Should the President launch a nation- 
wide flu vaccination program? 

4. Should a corporation stop construc- 
tion of a new plant in a war-torn country? 

5. Should the plaintiff in a civil suit ac- 
cept an out-of-court settlement? 

In such situations, Behn says different 
people will make different but equally in- 
telligent choices in accordance with their 




Decision-maker at work. 

individual beliefs and preferences. "The 
trick," he explains, "is to use a simple 
'decision tree,'" resembling on paper the 
familiar family tree diagram. "A decision 
tree helps you concentrate your analytical 
energies on the key components of your 
dilemma," he continues. 

Most books like Behn's require the 
reader to have an advanced degree in ap- 
plied mathematics before opening the 
cover, but with the aid of Quick Analysis 
you can do a lot of the calculations on the 
back of an envelope, he reports. "At the 
most, you need only a pocket calculator." 

The book's simplified approach to deci- 
sion making is getting considerable atten- 
tion at the university level, the Duke re- 
searcher says, but its concepts are useful in 
business and private life as well. 



34 WPI JOURNAL 



visory board at the local community college, as 
a board member of the new Women's Center 
and as a member of the United Way budget 
committee. 

Penn Pixley continues as plant engineer for 
Celotex Corporation in Quincy, IL. He has his 
own TRS-80 Model III computer and serves as 
an officer with the Great River Microcomputer 
Users Group of Quincy. The Pixleys' first 
child, Brian, was born last December. 

Steve Sweeney is the supervisory industrial 
engineer at the naval plant representative office 
for GE's Ordnance Systems in Pittsfield, MA. 
He has an MBA from the University of Hart- 
ford and attends the Union College Extension 
program in Pittsfield, working for his master's 
in computer science. 

Todd Whitaker is now working on one of 
the Navy's first projects in fiber optics at the 
Naval Underwater Systems Center in New Lon- 
don, CT. Previously, his job has taken him to 
NATO-related work in France and England. 
Besides pursuing his MSME at UConn, he is 
looking forward to building a post and beam, 
passive solar Cape Cod home. 

Mark Youngstrom, PE, is a project engi- 
neer at Wright Engineering Ltd., Rutland. VT 
Currently he is concerned with municipal water 
supply, wastewater treatment and hydroelectric 
projects. Active with the Rotary, he also serves 
on the board of trustees of the Vermont Institute 
of Natural Science and is president of the Rut- 
land County Audubon Society. 

Patricia Graham Flahertv, Class President 



1976 



MARRIED: William Maclndoe and Gail 
Matteson on April 30, 1983, in Coventry. RI. 
She graduated from Community College of 
Rhode Island and URI and is employed at Kent 
County Hospital. He works for Federal Prod- 
ucts. .. Robert Roy IV and Diana Slater in 
Edgartown, MA, on June 19, 1983. Diana, a 
member of the faculty at Meadowbrook School 
in Weston, graduated from Wellesley and re- 
ceived her MA from Lesley College. Robert 
is a systems engineer at GTE/Sylvania in 
Needham, MA. 

Bill Clark is now a senior manufacturing en- 
gineer with NEC Information Systems, Inc., in 
Woburn, MA, a wholly-owned subsidiary of 
NEC Corp. of Japan. The Woburn division 
manufactures the APC personal computer, 
small business systems and peripherals such as 
printers and disk drives. In November the com- 
pany is slated to move to Boxboro. MA. 

Kenneth Duda was recently awarded the 
Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree from the 
New England College of Optometry in Boston. 

Peter Hallock is a senior programmer-ana- 
lyst for the customer service management infor- 
mations systems group at Prime Computer in 
Natick, MA. 

Mark Johnson has been promoted to the 
newly created post of director of engineering 
for Bridgeport (CT) Hydraulic Co. (BHC). He 
is responsible for managing BHC's engineering 
and planning programs. A registered profes- 
sional engineer, he has a master's in environ- 
mental engineering from the University of 
Maine. 

Barry Siff, director of industrial relations for 
Colonial Provision Company in Boston, is an 



active member of the Industrial Relations Re- 
search Association. This fall he is studying in 
the evening division at Suffolk University Law 
School. Barry, his wife, Judy, and four-year- 
old son, Brian, all enjoy running. 

Yinmin Yang has completed all of the re- 
quirements for his PhD at Carnegie-Mellon 
University in Pittsburgh. His dissertation dealt 
with "Thermal and Elastohydrodynamic Anal- 
ysis of Reciprocating Rod Seals in the Stirling 
Engine." He has an MS from WPI. 



1977 



MARRIED: Robert Horton and JoAnn 
Rinaldi recently in Mechanicville, NY. A regis- 
tered nurse and graduate of the Samaritan Hos- 
pital School of Nursing, Troy, JoAnn is with 
the pediatric department at Samaritan Hospital. 
Robert is a production engineer for the GE Sili- 
cone Products Division in Waterford. . . . 
James Lunney to Norma Green in Scotland on 
April 9, 1983. She was educated in Glasgow. 
Lunney has been a technical representative for 
GE at the Navy Submarine Base in Holylock, 
Scotland, for the past three years. . . . Chris- 
topher Owen and Dr. Mary Helen Wesolowski 
in Hopedale, MA. A research associate at the 
Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biol- 
ogy, she received her BA from Regis Col- 
lege and her PhD from Clark. Owen did grad- 
uate work at Clark and is currently a research 
assistant at Massachusetts General Hos- 
pital. . . George Whitwell and Mary Barta on 
June 11, 1983. Mary has a DVM from Cornell. 
George received his PhD in chemistry from 
Cornell last year. He is an associate research 
chemist for Stauffer Chemicals Co. 

BORN: to Brian and Kristina Perry Buck- 
ley a daughter, Sarah Tait, on July 1 1, 1983. 
Brian is a nuclear engineer at Portsmouth Naval 
Shipyard in Kittery, ME. The baby's maternal 
grandfather is Roger Perry, Jr., '45, director 
of public relations at WPI. . . .to Tania and 
J. Clayton Ney, Jr., a daughter, Emily Mary, 
on December 26, 1982. Ney is vice president of 
Expanded Rubber Products, Sanford, ME. 

Currently, Gary Babin serves as an electrical 
design engineer in the office of facilities at the 
University of Connecticut in Storrs. Previously, 
he worked for five years for United Illuminat- 
ing Co. of New Haven as an associate electrical 
engineer. He has an MBA from the University 
of New Haven and is registered as a profes- 
sional engineer in Connecticut. 

Gary Bujaucius was awarded associateship 
designation in the Casualty Actuarial Society at 
the Society's May meeting in Miami, FL. He is 
an actuarial associate with Hanover Insurance 
Company of Worcester. 

Bill Cunningham has joined Data General in 
Cincinnati. 

Dan Hoch is a regional sales representative 
for IBM's National Marketing Division in Wal- 
tham, MA. 

Richard Wheeler, who decided late in April 
to run a write-in campaign for a school commit- 
tee post in North Brookfield, MA, was elected 
to the post May 2, winning by 200 votes. Re- 
cently he was named product sales manager for 
Custom Coating & Laminating of Worcester. 
He is studying for his MBA at Assumption Col- 
lege. The Wheelers have a two-year-old son. 

Joseph Williams has been promoted to prod- 



uct engineer in the Abrasives Marketing Group 
at Norton Company, Worcester. He will pro- 
vide technical leadership and support for major 
market programs and determine market and 
product needs. 



1978 



MARRIED: Bruce Biederman and Kathleen 
Miazga in Meriden, CT, on June 4, 1983. 
Kathleen graduated from Mount Holyoke Col- 
lege and the University of Michigan Graduate 
School of Public Health. She is with the Ameri- 
can Heart Association in Meriden. Bruce works 
for Pratt & Whitney Aircraft in East Hart- 
ford. . . Alex Boutsioulis and Marianne Man- 
fredi on June 26, 1983, in Waterbury, CT. A 
department manager for Caldor in Hamden, 
Marianne graduated from Centenary College 
for Women and Southern Connecticut State 
University. Alex has an MBA from the Univer- 
sity of New Haven. He is an operations engi- 
neer for United Illuminating Co. . . . Earl Potter 
II to Gina Lyman in Ludlow, MA. A fiscal 
assistant with the Head Start program, she grad- 
uated from Springfield Technical Community 
College. Earl, an order processor with Dielec- 
trics, Inc., is attending the evening program at 
Western New England College. 

Jerry Bujaucius is active in CAD/CAM at 
UNC Naval Products, Uncasville, CT. He is a 
professor of manufacturing engineering tech- 
nology at Hartford State Technical College. 

Ronald Fish recently became a senior mem- 
ber of the technical staff at Teledyne Systems 
Company in Northridge, CA. 

In May, Dr. Christo Koulisis graduated from 
Albany (NY) Medical College. Currently he is 
an intern at the Texas University Medical 
Branch in Galveston, where he plans to com- 
plete his residency in orthopedic surgery. 

Before leaving Colt Firearms, Hartford, CT, 
Richard Skowronski, as project engineer, was 
assigned to programs including the improve- 
ment of the M16 rifle. The improvement pro- 
gram led to U.S. military type classification of 
the rifle as the "M16A2" and an $18-million 
initial contract from the USMC. Rich is now 
employed as project engineer by Cybex Divi- 
sion of Lumex, Inc., Ronkonkoma, NY. Cybex 
designs and produces isokenetic test and reha- 
bilitation equipment. Rich has also completed 
the MBA program at the University of New 
Haven, West Haven, CT, and has received a 
professional engineering license from the State 
of Connecticut. 

Brian Timura has received his MD from 
Tufts University School of Medicine. He will 
spend his first year of medical residency, with a 
specialty in internal medicine, at the University 
of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester. 

Previously with Babcock & Wilcox Co., 
Robert Zawistowski is now the utilities techni- 
cal and training director for the S.D. Warren 
Company, a division of Scott Paper. 



1979 



Reunion 



October 1, 1984 



MARRIED: Sandra Dorr and James Wilson 
in Leicester, MA, on February 26, 1983. She is 



NOVEMBER 1983 35 



a programmer-analyst for IBM in Waltham. 

Wilson attended Worcester Industrial Technical 
Institute and is a radio technician for WORAD. 
Inc.. Worcester Richard Jenkins II and 
Kathleen Little in Providence, Rl. on April 30, 
1983. Former!) with the Providence school de- 
partment, she graduated from Rhode Island 
College. Riehard is with Turner Construction 
Co., Columbus. OH. 

MARRIED: I)a\id Mangini to Lisa 
Mainiero on May 29. 1483. in Lynnfield, MA. 
She graduated from Smith College and received 
her PhD from Yale. David attends the MBA 
program at the University of Connecticut and is 
a specialist in cellular radio engineering .it 
Southern New England Telephone. . James 
Orcutt to Christine Doherty in Vernon. CT. on 
June 4. 1983. Christine graduated from the 
University of Connecticut School of Business 
Stephen Rusckowski to Diane Duggan on 
Jul> 29. 1983. in West Roxbury, MA. Frank 
Martin and John Fitzgerald were ushers 
Steve is currentty at the Sloan School of Man- 
agement at MIT Richard Schneider and 
Lea Basso on June 18. 1983. in Westfield, MA. 
Lea is a graduate of Southeastern Massachu- 
setts University. Richard is a marketing product 
specialist tor Texas Instruments in Attleboro 

Paul Johnson recently graduated from the 
University of Massachusetts Medical School. 
Worcester, where he iv now serving a five-sear 
surgical residency, which involves tour hospi- 
tals and a one-year fellowship in vascular sur- 
gery He has coauthored several articles, one of 
which appeared in The Journal of Metabolism 
last year. A self-taught organist, he has per 
formed at numerous churches, wedding recep- 
tions and variety shows 

1st Lt. Brian Kelley has entered the Air 
Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patter- 
son AFB. OH. where is he studying for his 
master's in electrical engineering. 

Peter Rujawski has been promoted to cap- 
tain in the U.S. Army After attending a chemi- 
cal officer advanced course at Fort McClellan. 
AL. he will be assigned to the Chemical Sys- 
tems Laboratory in Edgewood, MD. Recently 
he received his masters in management at 
Golden date University in San Francisco. 

In June. David Lodigiani o{ Loctite Corpo- 
ration. Newington, CT. left for a six-month 
stay in West Germany, where he will assist lo- 
cal engineers with a new gasketing technology 
Before joining Loctite in 1981. he was with 
Mobil Corp. Lpon completing his Munich as- 
signment, David will relay the new technology 
to Loctite s affiliates in France and England be- 
fore relocating to Newington. 

Michael Rafa has received his MSME from 
Northeastern University, Boston. He is a design 
engineer for the Aircraft Instrumentation Divi- 
sion ofGE in Wilmington. MA 

F. Charles Tidman III was recently pro- 
moted to loan officer at Mechanics Bank in 
Worcester. He joined the bank in 1981 as a 
management trainee in the commercial lending 
area Last year he was promoted to assistant 
loan officer He has an MBA from Babson and 
is enrolled at Suffolk University Law School. 



1980 



MARRIED: Robert Correia and Karen Silvia 
on June 4. 1983. in Somerset. MA. Karen grad- 



uated from Stonehill College. Robert is an elec- 
tronics engineer. . William Emmet and Anne 
Hoskms in New Haven. CT. on June 18. 1983. 
An alumna o\ Wellesley. Anne recently com- 
pleted her first year at the University of Con- 
necticut School oi Law . William is an associate 
mechanical design engineer with Norden Sys- 
tems, Norwalk. CT. He has a masters degree 
from Cornell. . . James Geist to Carol Ann 
Ginty in Danvers, MA. on April 16. 1983. Em- 
ployed by the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, she 
graduated from Brandeis. He is with Frequency 
and Time Sv stems 

MARRIED: Alan Graham to Sherry Madi 
son in Worcester on November 27. 1982. 
Sherry graduated from Clark University and is a 
systems analyst for State Mutual. Worcester. 
Akin holds the post of personnel manager and 
marketing specialist with Computer Assistance 
of East Hartford. .. Arthur Huggard and 
Marguerite O'Keefe on May 7. 1983. in West 
Roxbury. MA. Marguerite is an industrial ser- 
vice sales engineer at Westinghouse Electric 
Corporation and Arthur a process engineer at 
Monsanto Polymer Products Company.... 
Ronald I.esnikoski and Lisa Brunn of Los Al- 
tos. CA. on June 4. 1983. She is a production 
planner at Megatest. where Ron works as a 
product support engineer. . .William 
Mangano, Jr., and Janet Sulminski in Worces- 
ter on May 22. 1983. An assistant coordinator 
of the court-volunteers program with Youth Op- 
portunities Upheld. Inc.. Janet graduated from 
Assumption College He is a programmer ana- 
lyst at State Mutual. .. Ralph Marrone and 
Debra Weidler, '82, in Westford, MA. on 
June II, 1983. She is a mechanical engineer 
with GE in Fitchburg. MA. and he is an appli- 
cation engineer for Hewlett Packard in Lex- 
ington. 

MARRIED: John Pierro and Kathleen 
Crockett, '82, in Newport. RL on July 16. 
1983. Kathleen is employed by Polaroid. John, 
who has a master's degree from Northeastern. 
is with Honeywell. . . Cathryn Ricci and Mark 
Giunta in West Warwick. RL on June 4. 1983. 
Cathryn is a packaging engineer at Digital 
Equipment Company. Giunta graduated from 
Wentworth Institute of Technology and is a de- 
signer with Stone and Webster. .. Peter 
Schoonmaker and Bonnie MacKav recently in 
Woburn. MA. She graduated from Woburn 
High School and is employed at Woburn Five 
Cents Savings Bank. He is with Northern Re- 
search & Engineering. Woburn. . . . John Tasse 
to Leslie Ann Stapleton in Southboro. MA. on 
April 23. 1983. A skin care consultant, she 
graduated from Sawyer Business School in Al- 
banv. Tasse is employed bv GE in Schenectady, 

ny! 

Thomas Egan is a project engineer for Axel 
Johnson Engineering Corp.. a Swedish-based 
company in San Francisco which makes tur- 
bines for small-scale hydroelectric projects 
throughout the U.S. 

Tom Fawcett moved to Australia in July . 
Depending on the job situation, he plans to live 
there for two or three years 

Kent Larson is study ing at Duke Business 
School. 

Margaret Peterson has been named ESD's 
Outstanding Engineering Management Trainee 
of the Year. She works in the Department of 
Manufacturing in Acquisition Logistics and 
Technical Operations. 

Mark Riley received a master of engineering 



degree from Dartmouth's Thayer School of En- 
gineering in June. He is with Digital Corp.. 
Merrimack. NH. 



1981 



MARRIED: John DeMasi, Jr., and Janina 
Natrillo, '83, in Menden. CT. on June 25, 
1983. She is an electrical engineer at Sikorsky 
Aircraft. Stratford, and he is a mechanical 
design engineer with Norden Systems. 
Norwalk. . David Ells and Virginia Duff in 
Cheshire. CT. on April 30. 1983. An occupa- 
tional therapist. Virginia graduated from Qu\n- 
nipiac College. David graduated from Nash- 
ville Automotive Diesel College and is 
co-ow ner of Cheshire Hardwood Company 
Edward Gonsalves to Paula Amaral on 
May 30, 1983. in Somerset. MA. She gradu- 
ated from Fall River Beauty Academy and is 
currently with the First Federal Savings Bank. 
Edward serves as a design engineer for Texas 
Instruments in Attleboro. MA. 

MARRIED: Richard Higger and Linda 
Hams on June 18. 1983. in Whitinsville. MA. 
A nurse anesthetist, she graduated from 
St. Vincent Hospital School of Nursing. Wor- 
cester, and St. Raphael's Hospital School of 
Nurse Anesthesia. Richard is a research assis- 
tant at WPI. where he is studying for his mas- 
ter's degree . Glenn Lawton and Susan Thi- 
bodeau, '83, on June 18. 1983. in Marblehead. 
MA. Susan is a quality control engineer for 
Sanders Associates in Nashua. NH. Glenn 
serves as a project engineer for Diamond Elec- 
tro-Optics in Lexington. . . . James Roth to Ju- 
dith Megill in Oakfand. ME. on July 2. 1983. 
Judith graduated from Becker and is manager of 
the Winona Knitting Mills outlet in Utica, NY. 
Roth works forGE in Utica. 

Raymond Aubert has taken a new job as 
mechanical design engineer for the transmis- 
sion group at GE Ordnance Systems in Pitts- 
field. MA. Previously, he was an application 
engineer at the Tomngton (CT) Company . 

Mark Heinlein is studying for his master's 
degree at Cornell. 

Currently Lisa Kosciuczyk is taking classes 
at California State University at Long Beach, 
preparing for her professional civil engineer 
exam in April. She is a senior civil engineering 
assistant for the Los Angeles County Flood 
Control District, where she does liaison duties 
for all construction. Her hobbies include aero- 
bic exercise, ballet and cross-stitch. Last year 
she was named an "Outstanding Young Woman 
of America." 

Paul Molleur holds the post of chemical 
process engineer in the technical-development 
process engineering department at Hercules. 
Inc. Polymers in Lake Charles. LA. He assists 
in major cost-savings projects and provides 
plant engineering support for developmental 
product trials. 

Cliff Weiner is starting his second year in the 
MBA program at Duke University. 



1982 



MARRIED: James Auman and Joyce Trela 

on July 9. 1983. in Springfield. MA. She is a 
project engineer at Hamilton Standard Division 



J6 WPI JOURNAL 



r ^- 





am 

Gertrude R. Rugg 

WPPs First Registrar 
Emeritus Remembers 

She may be 95 and recovering from a 
stroke, but Gertrude R. Rugg is still very 
much "The Old G.R."— as she calls her- 
self. Miss Rugg, who retired as Registrar 
Emeritus from WPI in 1959 following 
forty years of service, now resides at the 
Holden Nursing Home. Although she is 
confined to a chair, her memory and sense 
of humor remain unimpaired. 

"I'd still like to plan ahead like I used to 
at Tech," she says, "but in my present cir- 



cumstances I can't do that much around 
here!" 

Her happiest memories are of her years 
as registrar at WPI. "How I loved that 
job!" she exclaims. "It was my life. I still 
miss having the students drop by with their 
problems. I even miss putting together the 
campus catalog. There was such a spirit of 
informal formality. Everyone was so co- 
operative and fond of one another!" 

Miss Rugg's understanding and sympa- 
thetic advice made her a favorite with both 
the students and the staff. She was secre- 
tary of the Student Committee and be- 
longed to the Scholarship Committee. In 
1948 the seniors dedicated The Peddler to 
her. In 1959, the year she retired, she was 
named the first honorary alumna of WPI 
on Alumni Day. That same year her name 
was selected for inclusion in Who 's Who. 
Recently, the Gertrude R. Rugg Scholar- 
ship for Women was established in her 
honor. 

Miss Rugg, who attended numerous 
WPI functions during the first eight years 
of her retirement, still enjoys hearing the 
latest from "The Hill," whether it be news 
about her former colleagues or The Plan. 
("I'm glad it's working.") However, she 
does not live in the past. She looks for- 
ward to visits from friends and relatives. 

"Not many people know this," she con- 
fides, "but I was one of the first to dis- 
cover that the date on the WPI seal was 
wrong, after looking over the records. It 
should have been 1865, not 1868." Today 
the seal stands corrected. 



of United Technologies Corp., Windsor Locks, 
CT. He is a plant engineer at Sherwood Phar- 
maceuticals, Mahwah, NJ. . . Paul Beck to 
Lynne Kaczenski in Greenfield, MA, on 
May 28, 1983. A registered radiologic technol- 
ogist and graduate of Northeastern University, 
Lynne is currently working for a degree in 
health management at Northeastern. Paul is an 
electronics design engineer at Raytheon Co. in 
Bedford. . . Richard Bolstridge and Barbara 
Fleming in South Hadley, MA, on June 4, 
1983. Barbara, a social worker in Lynn, gradu- 
ated from Fitchburg State College. Richard is 
with Teledyne Engineering Services in Wal- 
tham. He is enrolled in a master's degree pro- 
gram at WPI. . . .Peter Booth and Jane Norris, 
'83, in Boston on June 4, 1983. Jane graduated 
as a mechanical engineer. Peter, also a mechan- 
ical engineer, is with Colt Industries in Hart- 
ford, CT. 

MARRIED: John Capurso to Susan Mc- 
Carthy on April 9, 1983, in Norwood, MA. A 
registered nurse, she graduated from St. An- 
selm College and is employed at Glover Memo- 
rial Hospital, Needham. He is new products 
project manager with Data General. .. Carl 
Cianci and Amy Galante in Newington, CT, on 
May 14, 1983. Amy graduated from Bay Path 
Junior College. Carl is with Electric Boat in 
Groton, CT. . . .Gregory Fitzgerald and Renee 
Cox on May 28, 1983, in Westfield, MA. Re- 
nee graduated from Becker and teaches at the 



Friends of Nathorne DayCare Center. Greg 
works for GTE in Needham, MA. . . Rene 
Fontaine and Louise Boissel in Woonsocket, 
RI, on April 23, 1983. She is a junior at Rhode 
Island College. Fontaine is an associate engi- 
neer with Codex Corp., Canton, MA. . . Greg- 
ory Green and Deidre Malley, '83, on 
May 29, 1983, in Harrisville, RI. Gregory is 
with Computervision Corp. in Bedford, MA. 

MARRIED: Brian Haendiges and Ann- 
marie Kelly in Simsbury, CT, on May 28, 
1983. Annmarie attended Becker. . . Theodore 
Macutkiewicz and Cheryl Patterson in Bellows 
Falls, VT, on May 14, 1983. She graduated 
from Becker and is an administrative secretary. 
He is a materials engineer. . . . Roy Thompson 
to Julie Thurber in Beverly, MA, on April 16, 
1983. She graduated from Becker and is a sec- 
retary at Sanders Associates, Nashua, NH, 
where Roy is an electrical engineer. . . . Harry 
Vine and Abby Friedman on June 5, 1983, in 
Cresskill. NJ. A graduate of Babson College, 
Abby is with Bank Leumi in New York. Harry 
works for Eaton Corporation in Melville, NY. 

Chris Lintermann is now with Burns & Roe 
in Kennerwick, WA. 

Timothy Roughan has been promoted to as- 
sociate consumer service representative at Mas- 
sachusetts Electric Co. in Hopedale. 

Lt. Peter Roussel, U.S. Army, is currently 
residing in Fayetteville, NC. 

Klaes Wandland has been commissioned a 



second lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force upon 
graduation from Officer Training School at 
Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. 



1983 



MARRIED: Robert Charpentier and Karen 
Batalis in North Brookfield, MA, on April 8, 
1983. Karen graduated from Worcester Hahne- 
mann Hospital School of Nursing and is a nurse 
at the Meriden-Wallingford Hospital, Meriden, 
CT. Robert is an electrical engineer for North- 
east Utilities, Meriden. . . .John Greenup to 
Suzan Hurd in Milton, MA, on July 2, 1983. A 
mathematics teacher, Suzan graduated from 
Mount Holyoke College. John is a research and 
design engineer with RCA in Burlington. . . . 
Vivian Hiscock to James Podsiadio in Whitins- 
ville. MA, on May 21, 1983. Vivian received 
her MBA from WPI and graduated from Clark. 
Podsiadio graduated from Southeastern Massa- 
chusetts University and is attending WPI. He 
serves as a senior design engineer at Data Gen- 
eral. Westboro. . . Richard Perry and Amy 
Taylor on January 8, 1983, in Worcester. She 
attended Becker and is a student at Anna Maria 
College. Richard is with Stone and Webster in 
Boston. 

Daniel Alcombright has joined Procter & 
Gamble in Cincinnati. 

David Angelini is currently with the West- 
inghouse Graduate Placement Program. 

Kevin Damon serves as an associate engi- 
neer at Hamilton Standard, Windsor Locks, 
CT. 

Patricia Hester works for GTE Sylvania in 
Natick, MA. 

Cynthia Kosciuczyk serves as a research as- 
sistant at UMass Medical Center in Worcester. 

Jeffrey Labuz, who recently received his 
MSEE from WPI, has a full fellowship from 
the University of Virginia where he will con- 
duct research and work toward his doctorate. 

The Douglas Macarthurs, who were mar- 
ried on May 14, 1983, currently reside in 
Nashua. NH. 

Mark Mungeam is a member of the Berlin, 
MA, Planning Board and Conservation Com- 
mission. 

Eric Soederberg has joined the technical 
staff of Draper Laboratories in Cambridge. 

William St. John, Jr., holds the post of cus- 
tomer service engineer at Hewlett-Packard. 
Logic Systems Division, Colorado Springs, 
CO. 



School of 

Industrial Management 

Clifford Duxburv, Jr., '79, divisional man- 
ager of marketing communications at Bay State 
Abrasives, has been elected president of the 
Worcester Area Advertising Club. Associated 
with the abrasives industry for 29 years, he has 
been with Bay State since 1967. .. John 
Grossman, '83, who was president of his class 
and student council president, spoke at gradua- 
tion ceremonies at WPI last spring. He is super- 
visor of planning and scheduling at Wyman- 
Gordon Co.. where he has been employed for 
27 years. 



NOVEMBER 1983 37 



COMPLETED CAREERS 



Wilfred F. Jones, '09, of South Hadley. MA. 
died on April 1 , 1983. A Ludlow native, he was 
born on Sept. 20, 1887. and graduated as a 
mechanical engineer from WPI. 

During his career, he was with the Riter Con- 
ley Construction Co., the Factory Insurance 
Co.. and Springfield (MA) Fire and Marine In- 
surance Co., from which he retired as secretary 
in 1956. 

Mr. Jones belonged to Theta Chi, the Masons 
and the Kiwanis Club. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Western Massachusetts Engineering 
Society and a U.S. Army veteran. 

Edward C. Bartlett, '14, of Tryon. NC. 
passed away on May 23, 1983. He was born on 
Jan. 20. 1892. in Worcester and received his 
BSME from WPI. 

Except for two years with Cambria Steel Co. 
and service with the U.S. Army in World 
War I. Mr. Bartlett spent his entire career with 
Wheelock. Lovejoy & Co., Inc., retiring in 
1958. For many years he was district manager 
of the firm's Cleveland and Cincinnati plants 
and district director and metallurgical consul- 
tant. 

He belonged to the Society of Automotive 
Engineers, the American Society for Metals, 
and the American Society for Steel Treating, as 
well as Theta Chi, Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. 

Franklin C. Gurley, '14, the former chairman 
of the board of W&F Mfg. Co., Inc., Buffalo, 
NY, passed away on June 18, 1983, in Lake 
Wales, FL. 

A native of South Willington, CT, he was 
born on May 31, 1891, and graduated with a 
degree in chemistry. He joined the former 
National Aniline Co. in Buffalo as a research 
chemist and was subsequently promoted to 
plant superintendent. In 1926 he founded W&F 
Mfg. Co., Inc., which became the world's lead- 
ing manufacturer of wax novelties and candles. 

He had served as president of Glen Confec- 
tions, Inc., FGL Realty Co., Buffalo Goodwill 
Industries, Inc. and Gurley-Sibley Co. Also, he 
had been a partner in Gurley Novelty Co. He 
belonged to Sigma Xi, Tau Beta Pi, the Buffalo 
Club and the Highland Park Club in Lake 
Wales. The former vice president of the Phila- 
delphia chapter of the Alumni Association, he 
later served as president of the Western New 
York chapter. He was the father of Franklin 
Gurley, Jr., '43. 

Franklin H. Steele, '14, of Wallingford. CT. 
died recently. 

A native of Bristol. CT. he was born on 
April 13. 1892. He graduated as a chemist from 
WPI. During his career, he was with Pennsyl- 
vania Salt Mfg. Co.. Fansteel Metallurgical 
Corp. and National Southern Products Corp.. 
from which he was retired as assistant to the 
executive vice president. 

Arthur L. ("Jim") Miller, '15, a long-time 
agent for New England Mutual Life and an avid 
golfer, died at his home in Chicago on June 13, 
1983. at the age of 90. He was born in Worces- 
ter. 
Graduated as a civil engineer, he joined New 



England Mutual Life in 1917 and remained 
with the firm throughout his career. After ini- 
tially selling insurance on the streets of Chi- 
cago, he decided that the golf course was a 
better place to promote sales. He continued suc- 
cessfully to sell insurance and play golf until 
last year. 

In 70 years of golf, Mr. Miller was rewarded 
with six holes-in-one, 15 club championships 
and the chairmanship of the Illinois Senior Golf 
Association board. At the age of 72, he was a 
medalist in the U.S. Golf Association Seniors 
Championship. He had played with golfing im- 
mortals Walter Hagen, Byron Nelson and Ben 
Hogan. He and his regular partner, Fred War- 
ing, won the Fred Waring Four-Ball tourna- 
ment four times. 

Mr. Miller, a U.S. Army veteran, was a 
former secretary-treasurer of the Chicago chap- 
ter of the WPI Alumni Association and a mem- 
ber of Phi Gamma Delta. 

William K. Jealous, '16, of Jacksonville, FL, 
died May 28, 1983. A native of Pittsfield, MA, 
he was born on March 22, 1894. 

After receiving his BS in chemistry, he spent 
a year with Mount Tom Sulphite Pulp Co., 
Northampton, MA. In 1917 he joined the U.S. 
Army as a lieutenant and served in France. 
During his career, he was with Carleton & Mof- 
fat (foreign trade); Alfred Joensson Co., Inc.; 
Yglesias & Co.; and Jealous & Massot, New 
York City. 

In World War II, he commanded the 250th 
Field Artillery Battalion. He saw duty at St. Lo, 
the Argentain-Falaise Gap and the capture of 
Strasburg, among other places. In 1945 he 
retired as a colonel. Among his decorations 
were the Bronze Star, Medal for Military Merit, 
French Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star, Sil- 
ver Star and Palm. 

Joseph E. Murphy, '16, a 40-year employee 
of AT&T, passed away last year in Houston, 
TX. He was born on May 5, 1894, in Hudson, 
MA. 

He graduated as an electrical engineer and 
had been employed by American Telephone & 
Telegraph Co., and Western Electric Co., 
which he had served as manager of long lines 
projects. He retired in 1958 as long lines ser- 
vice manager of Western Electric in New York. 

During World War I, he was a second lieu- 
tenant with the Signal Corps in the A.E.F. 

Selden T. Williams, '16, inventor of the tube- 
less tire "snap-in" valve, died in Southbury, 
CT. on April 26, 1983, at the age of 91. He was 
born in Canton, NY. 

Mr. Williams held more than 50 patents for 
inventions for aircraft, sound transmission and 
tire valves. His "snap-in" valve is used on most 
tubeless tires. During a 1918 experiment he be- 
came the first man ever to fire an air torpedo 
from an aircraft. He helped perfect the tire in- 
flation of the Army "duck," a strategic World 
War II vehicle. 

In 1916, he received his BSME and began his 
career as a technical editor and author. From 
1917 to 1922 he designed and built planes for 
the U.S. Navy. Later he became chief engineer 



for the Victor Talking Machine Company. Af- 
ter twenty years with A. Schrader's Sons, Inc., 
Brooklyn, the company was acquired by Scovill 
Manufacturing and he was elected president 
and chairman of the board. He retired in 1964, 
continuing as a consultant to Scovill. 

Mr. Williams also held a BS and an MS from 
St. Lawrence University (SLU), which he 
served as emeritus trustee. He received honor- 
ary doctorates from SLU and Pratt Institute. In 
1963 he received the Goddard Award from 
WPI. He belonged to ATO, Sigma Xi, the Ma- 
sons and the Sons of the American Revolution. 

Professor Emeritus Hobart H. Newell, '18, 

who taught electrical engineering at WPI for 44 
years, died in Worcester on August 8, 1983. He 
was 87. 

A pioneer in the area of radio communica- 
tion. Prof. Newell did early research on high 
voltage phenomena at Westinghouse Laborato- 
ries in Pittsburgh, PA, from 1919 to 1921. He 
helped set up radio station KDKA, Pittsburgh, 
one of the first stations in the country. 

After joining the WPI faculty in 1921, he 
helped develop the electrical engineering de- 
partment and served as a consultant on radio 
technology to several radio stations, including 
WTAG. He also worked with the City of Wor- 
cester developing police, fire and radio commu- 
nications systems. 

Prof. Newell received an honorary doctorate 
from WPI in 1954. In 1960, he was the first 
recipient of the Trustees' Award for Outstand- 
ing Teaching. The Worcester Engineering Soci- 
ety presented him with its Scientific Achieve- 
ment Award in 1964. 

A native of Cumberland, RI, Prof. Newell 
was born on June 10, 1896. After receiving his 
BSEE from WPI in 1918, he joined the U.S. 
Naval Experiment Station, where he was active 
in the development of submarine location de- 
vices. He belonged to Skull, ATO, Sigma Xi, 
Tau Beta Pi and Eta Kappa Nu. Also, the 
American Society for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence, the American Society for Engineering 
Education and the Society for Computing Ma- 
chines. A registered professional engineer, he 
was a senior member of the Institute of Radio 
Engineers and a fellow of the IEEE. 

In 1965, Prof. Newell retired as a professor 
emeritus from WPI. When the Atwater Kent 
Laboratories were renovated recently, the lec- 
ture hall was renamed in his honor. 

Earl A. Winsor, '19, a retired missionary, died 
at his home in Wheaton, IL, on April 26, 1983. 
He was 86. 

A graduate civil engineer, Mr. Winsor was 
born in Boston. He had a BA from Wheaton 
(IL) College and an MA from the State Univer- 
sity of Iowa. For many years he was a mission- 
ary with the Africa Inland Mission serving as 
director of education for various schools in the 
Congo. He also taught history and science at 
Wheaton College and belonged to Tau Beta Pi. 

Albert R. Rienstra, '20, a retired electrical 
engineer, died August 9, 1983, in Point Pleas- 
ant, NJ, at the age of 85. He was a native of 
Whitinsville, MA. 



38 WPI JOURNAL 



After receiving his BSEE, he joined the engi- 
neering department of Western Electric Co., 
then became a member of the technical staff at 
Bell Telephone Labs. He retired in 1957 from 
Bell Labs, New Providence, NJ, following 37 
years of service. 

Mr. Rienstra, also self-employed consultant 
in church acoustics, belonged to the Acoustical 
Society of America, the Audio Engineering 
Society and the American Guild of Organists. 
Other affiliations were with the Telephone Pio- 
neers of America, the Old Guard and the Senior 
Citizens of Point Pleasant Borough and the 
Baptist church. He had more than 50 years' 
experience as a church organist and director. He 
was the father of Harold Rienstra, '49. 

Charles D. Gavin, '22, of Fort Myers, FL, 
passed away recently at the age of 82. 

The former manager of Gavin Hardware 
Company in Leominster, MA. he worked for 
Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT, and 
Phillip Carey Co., from which he retired as 
purchasing agent after 24 years of service. He 
studied mechanical engineering and was a 
member of Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Weston Hadden, '22, A long-time employee 
of New York Telephone Co.. died on June 14, 
1983, at his home in Old Bennington. VT. He 
was 86 and a native of Brooklyn. NY. 

He graduated as an electrical engineer. Origi- 
nally with Western Electric, he worked for the 
New York Telephone Co. from 1922 until his 
retirement in 1952. 

He belonged to ATO. the IEEE. Institute of 
Radio Engineers. Radio Club of America and 
the U.S. Power Squadron Club. Also, the Mu- 
nicipal Club of Brooklyn and the Brooklyn As- 
sociation for Improving Conditions for the 
Poor. A trustee for the village of Bennington, 
he was active with the local library club, the 
Red Cross. Old First Church and the Rotary. In 
World War I, he attended Naval Officers Train- 
ing School. 

Richard Williamson, '22, of Newton Centre. 
MA. died on September 22. 1982. He was 80. 
A member of the Class of 1922, for many 
years he was superintendent of engineering at 
Hood Rubber Co.. Watertown. MA. He be- 
longed to ATO and the Tech Old-Timers. 

Axel F. Nilson, '24, died in Branson. MO, on 
March 25. 1983. He was born on Nov. 13. 
1898 in Brooklyn. NY. 

Mr. Nilson had been employed by Charles H. 
Tenney & Co.. Coral Gables Corp., Gannett, 
Seeley & Fleming Co. and Cayuga Rock Salt 
Co. He was a retired sales engineer from 
Cargill Salt Co. In World War I he served in the 
U.S. Army. He belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Louis Corash, '25, of Huntington, NY, passed 
away recently. He was born in Worcester on 
November 7, 1903. and graduated as an electri- 
cal engineer from WPI. 

In 1928. he received his LLB from New York 
Law School. During his career he was with 
New York Edison. Alfred Becker Engineering. 
Ornstein & Silverman and Estellite Corp. For 
years he was a self-employed attorney. During 
World War II. he was a technical adviser to the 
U.S. SignalCorps. Most recently he was with 
Hotel-Motel Real Estate Investments. He was a 
member of A EPi. 



Kenneth R. Archibald, '26, a former veteran 
employee of the New York Telephone Co., 
died in Naples, FL, on April 28, 1983. He was 
born in Ludlow. VT, on June 23. 1902. 

After receiving his BS in chemistry, Mr. Ar- 
chibald joined New York Telephone Co. from 
which he retired in 1967 following 41 years of 
service. During his career with the company he 
had been a manager and commercial supervi- 
sor. 

In retirement, he was named executive direc- 
tor of the Ludlow (VT) Chamber of Commerce 
and subsequently, the executive vice president 
of the Springfield (VT) Chamber of Com- 
merce. He held the latter post until 1981. He 
was active with Rotary International and was a 
Paul Harris Fellow. 

Mr. Archibald, a member of Phi Gamma 
Delta, was a past vice president of the Schenec- 
tady chapter of the Alumni Association, and 
former president of the Lake Rescue Associa- 
tion and the Vermont Association of Chambers 
of Commerce. 

Ormond J. Chinnock, '26, of Livermore, 
CA, a retired sales representative for Hercules 
Powder Co., died recently. A native of Cleve- 
land, OH, he was born on May 24, 1903. 

Mr. Chinnock was a graduate chemist. Ex- 
cept for two years when he had his own busi- 
ness and one year when he was with Apache 
Powder Co., he spent his career with Hercules 
Powder Co. He retired as the supervisor of sen- 
ior chemical and technical sales at the firm's 
Hercules, CA. branch. 

He belonged to the AIChE. the Masons. 
Lambda Chi Alpha and Sigma Xi, and he was a 
former member of the President's Advisory 
Council at WPI. 

Donald L. Hager, '26, former sales manager 
for the H. A. Johnson Co., died July 2. 1983, in 
New Hartford, NY, at the age of 79. 

A mechanical engineer, he had been with the 
Johnson company and had operated a Maico 
Hearing Aid business. He retired in 1959. 

He was a member of Theta Chi. Active with 
the Masons, he earned the 32nd degree, was a 
chief marshal, and was given a meritorious ser- 
vice award. He headed many functions for Ziy- 
ara Temple. Other affiliations were with the 
Presbyterian Church. Rotary (Paul Harris Fel- 
low) and Salvation Army. 

Robert O. Wright, '26, died in Knoxville. 
TN, on December 3, 1982. A native of Natick, 
MA, he was born on April 2, 1903. 

Graduated as a mechanical engineer from 
WPI, during his career he was with Sullivan 
Machinery Co., Brooks Equipment, Valley 
Materials Handling. Inc., and the Indoor Gar- 
dener Publishing Co., which he served as trea- 
surer. He was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Arthur W. Knight, '29, class president, WPI 
Trustee Emeritus, and a past president of the 
Alumni Association, died at his home in St. 
Johnsbury, VT. on August 3. 1983, at the age 
of 77. He was born on April 6. 1906, in Boyl- 
ston, MA, and was a graduate electrical engi- 
neer. 

He had been with Western Electric Co., 
L. Bamberger & Co., R.H. Macy, Cormac 
Corp. and William Allen Son's Company, Wor- 
cester, which he served as president. In 1956 he 
organized AW. Knight Co. 



Mr. Knight was a former director of the Wor- 
cester Chamber of Commerce and chairman of 
the Chamber's small business committee. As a 
resident of Shrewsbury, he had served on nu- 
merous town committees and was a past presi- 
dent of the Shrewsbury Historical Society. A 
Vermont resident since 1962, he was a former 
official in town government and an active 
member of the Congregational Church. 

He belonged to Theta Chi, Skull, the Masons 
and the Rotary Club. He had served WPI as 
chairman of the Techni-Forum Committee, 
vice president of the Northern New Jersey 
chapter of the Alumni Association, Alumni 
Council member from Worcester and president 
of the Alumni Association. In 1964 he received 
the Herbert F Taylor Award for distinguished 
service to WPI. 

Clayton B. Marshall, '29, of Monterey Park, 
CA, a retired chief chemist from Mobil Oil 
Corp.. died in February. He was born on 
May 8, 1907. in Westboro. MA. 

During his many years with Mobil, he was a 
group leader, senior chemist and chief chemist. 

With a degree in chemistry, Mr. Marshall 
was a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon. He served 
with the U.S. Army in World War II. rising to 
the rank of captain. 

C. Eugene Center, '30, a long-time employee 
of Westinghouse, died June 9, 1983, in Mt. 
Lebanon. PA. He was born July 7, 1908, in 
Boston and graduated from WPI as an electrical 
engineer. 

During his Westinghouse career, he worked 
in East Pittsburgh, PA, Boston, MA, and Au- 
gusta and Portland, ME. At one time he was 
with the Bettis Atomic Division in West Mif- 
flin, PA. He retired in 1971. A member of the 
American Association of Cost Engineers, he 
also belonged to the AIEE. the American Nu- 
clear Society and ATO. 

Active in alumni affairs, Mr. Center received 
the Taylor Award in 1974. He was the first 
chairman of the Alumni Trustee Search Com- 
mittee, a past president of the Boston and Pitts- 
burgh chapters of the Alumni Association and a 
member-at-large of the Alumni Executive 
Committee. He was a former class officer. 
Alumni Fund captain and member of the 
Alumni Council. 

William H. Doyle, '30, of Simsbury, CT, who 
was recently named a fellow of the American 
Institute of Chemical Engineers, died on March 
27. 1983. He was 75 years old. 

He was born in Bantam, CT, on Dec. 28, 
1907. Graduated with a chemistry degree from 
WPI, he was employed as a chemical engineer 
by Industrial Risk Insurers of Hartford, where 
he worked for more than 40 years prior to his 
retirement in 1972. 

Mr. Doyle belonged to the National Society 
of Professional Engineers and recently received 
a distinguished service award from the National 
Fire Protection Association. He wrote sections 
of the Fire Protection Handbook. This year he 
was named a fellow of the American Institute of 
Chemical Engineers in recognition of his work 
in accident protection and worker safety. 

He belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha and was 
active with the Congregational Church and the 
Masons. 

Norman L. Shaw, '30, of Riverside. CT, 



NOVEMBER 1983 



59 



passed away on January 5. 1983. A native of 
Holyoke. MA. he was born on June 22. 1905. 

He received his BSME from WPI. For many 
years he was manager of the marine division of 
Farrel-Birmingham, Co.. Ansonia. CT. from 
which he was retired. He was a member of Phi 
Gamma Delta and Sigma Xi. 

Leonard H. Peters, Jr., "32, of Lenox. MA. 
died last year. He was born in Lenox on August 
24, 191 L 

A graduate civil engineer, he was a retired 
business officer for Lenox School for Boys. 
Previous employers were National Alliance of 
Businessmen. Inc.. and American Airlines, 
which he served as assistant to the president. 
He belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Julius L. Gould, '34, of Cohasset. MA. 
former vice president of Harold A. McCrensky 
& Associates. Boston, died recently. He was 
born on Dec. 11. 1912, in Greenfield. 

An electrical engineer. Mr. Gould had been 
employed by Railway & Light Securities, Pit- 
ney-Bowes. Westinghouse. Bruce Payne & As- 
soc. Philips Elmet Corp., Wallace Clark & 
Co. and Amrhein & Gould (consultants). 

He was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa and 
the Masons and held an MBA from Harvard 
Business School. 

Russell W. Fargo, '35, a veteran employee of 
the New York-New Haven Railroad and resi- 
dent of Chester, CT, died in the Middlesex Me- 
morial Hospital on May 29. 1983. following a 
long illness. He was 69 and a native of Chester. 
He received his BSEE from WPI. After 20 
years with the railroad, he joined Pratt & Whit- 
ney Aircraft as a chemical testing engineer. 
During World War II. he was in the U.S. Army. 

Frederick W. Mclntyre, Jr., '35, previously 
vice president and director of Reed-Prentice 
Corp., died at his home in Worcester on May 
22, 1983. at the age of 71. 

A Chicago native, he was a student of me- 
chanical engineering at WPI. During his career, 
he was with Universal Winding Co.. Neff, 
Kohlbusch & Bissell. Reed-Prentice Corp. and 
Mclntyre Machine Sales Co., Worcester, which 
he served as plastics engineer and treasurer. He 
was a director of Coes Knife Co. and a corpora- 
tor and advisory board member for Worcester 
Goodwill Industries. 

Mr. Mclntyre was a past assistant treasurer 
and vestryman of St. Luke's Episcopal Church 
and a founder of the Tatnuck Ecumenical Asso- 
ciation. He belonged to the Society of Plastics 
Engineers, the Masons and the Shrine and The 
Tech Old-Timers. He attended the University 
of Cincinnati. 

Andrew W. Palm, '35, a retired senior staff 
engineer for Stanley Tools, died in New Brit- 
ain, CT. on April 6. 1983. He was born in 
Milford. MA. on March 12. 1913. and received 
his BSME from WPI. 

For 48 years he was employed by the Stanley 
Rule and Level plant of the Stanley Works, re- 
tiring in 1977. During his career, he was a divi- 
sion superintendent and industrial engineer. As 
chief project engineer, he helped design and 
construct the new Stanley Tools plant. 

Following his retirement, he was a manufac- 
turing lines consultant in Mexico. Venezuela. 
Brazil and Colombia. 



An Army veteran of World War II. Mr. Palm 
belonged to the American Legion, the Ameri- 
can Electroplaters Society. Society of Manufac- 
turing Engineers and the Stanley Works Man- 
agement Association. He was a member of the 
Episcopal Church. 

Stanley J. Sleczkowski, '35, died in a fire at 
his home in Framingham, MA, on April 2, 
1983. He was born April 20. 1913. in Fulton. 
NY. 

A graduate civil engineer, he had been em- 
ployed by Socony-Vacuum Oil, the Metropoli- 
tan District Water Supply Commission in 
Framingham, MA. and Stone and Webster, 
Boston. 

Arthur H. Rand, '39, died in New London 
(NH) Hospital on May 15. 1983, at the age of 
66. He was a native of Portsmouth. 

After graduating with his BS in chemical en- 
gineering. Mr. Rand joined Fraser Paper Ltd.. 
Madawaska. ME. as a mill engineer in 1940. 
Later he was advanced to chief service engi- 
neer. He retired last year. 

In World War II. he was a captain in the U.S. 
Air Force. He belonged to the American Le- 
gion and Phi Gamma Delta. 

Robert W. Tuller, '41, was killed in a tractor 
accident at his farm in West Simsbury. CT, on 
June 16, 1983. He was born in Hartford on 
March 28, 1920, and received his BS in chemi- 
cal engineering in 1941. 

Mr. Tuller was a co-operator of Tulmeadow 
Farm, the only working dairy farm in Sims- 
bury. The farm has been in the family for more 
than 200 years. 

A former member of the state legislature, Mr. 
Tuller served on the local board of selectmen, 
the school building commission, and the Char- 
ter Revision Commission. He was a charter 
member of the local Grange and was active 
with 4-H. the fire department. Methodist 
Church. Simsbury Village Water Co. and the 
Farm Bureau. In World War II. he served over- 
seas with the Army Air Force 21st Weather 
Squadron. He belonged to SAE. 

William J. Bielauskas, '43, a military muni- 
tions engineer, died March 18. 1983. in Pomp- 
ton Plains. NJ. at the age of 62. 

He was a native of Worcester. During World 
War II. he was a C-47 pilot with the Army Air 
Corps in the China-Burma-India theater of op- 
erations. He attended the University of Michi- 
gan. 

Leroy C. Doane, Jr., '48, president of the 
L.C. Doane Co., died at his home in Essex, 
CT. on March 20. 1983. following a long ill- 
ness. 

He was born in Cleveland. OH. on Sept. 14. 
1922. Graduated as an electrical engineer, he 
joined the company his father founded. The 
company designed and produced the lighting 
fixtures used on the original nuclear powered 
submarines, as well as other fixtures, primarily 
for the government and the U.S. Navy. 

In World War II he served in the U.S. Army. 
He was a member of SPE. 

Thomas F. Hunter, '48, of Rutherford. NJ. 
died of a heart attack on May 9. 1983. A native 
of Mt. Vernon. NY. he was born on Nov. 18. 
1926. He was a graduate mechanical engineer. 



During his career, he was with Federal Tel. & 
Radio. Clifton, NJ. and the Pitometer Co., 
New York City, where he was a field engineer. 
At the time of his death, he was an applications 
engineer for Walter Kidde & Co.. Inc., 
Belleville, NJ. He belonged to Phi Sigma 
Kappa and was the son of Russell Hunter, '15. 

Arthur R. Murphy, '50, former president of 
Murphy Associates, died in Lawrence, MA. on 
May 29, 1983. at the age of 60. He was a 
graduate civil engineer and a Lawrence native. 

Most recently, he was vice president of the 
Massachusetts Building Commissioners and In- 
spectors Association and a building commis- 
sioner for the City of Medford. Earlier he had 
been with the Massachusetts Department of 
Public Works and Libbey Owens Ford Glass 
Co. . where he served as a sales engineer. 

Mr. Murphy, a registered professional engi- 
neer, was a past president of the Boston chapter 
of the Producers' Council. Inc. He belonged to 
ATO, the Boston Society of Civil Engineers, 
the Knights of Columbus, the Elks, and the 
American Legion. He attended St. Patrick's 
Church. 

In World War II he was with the U.S. Air 
Force. He was a former member of the Boston 
branch of the WPI Alumni Executive Commit- 
tee. 

Richard V. ("Ollie") Olson, '54, assistant pro- 
fessor of mathematical sciences at WPI. died in 
Johns Hopkins Hospital. Baltimore, on August 
25, 1983. A Worcester native, he was born on 
Dec. 26. 1932. He was the brother of Dr. 
Edward C. Olson, '52, of Urbana. IL, and 
Donald H. Olson of Augusta. GA. 

Ollie began his WPI career in 1962 as an 
instructor and was promoted to assistant profes- 
sor in 1977. A campus favorite, well known for 
his ever-present "stogy." he developed a close 
rapport with his students and maintained many 
friendships with alumni. He and "Jean Claude 
Kitty," his independent, geriatric cat. often 
hosted informal, student-alumni get-togethers 
at their home at 2 Sun Valley Drive. 

Dr. Edmund Cranch. WPI president, said of 
Olson's death, "Ollie will be fondly remem- 
bered as a friend who always had the time to 
talk with his students. Perhaps more impor- 
tantly, he had the time to listen to them." 

Bill Trask. director of graduate and career 
plans, added. "We at WPI will miss Ollie, but 
we were fortunate to have known him as a col- 
league and a friend. He was unique. Future 
students will never have the opportunity of 
sharing the rare teacher friendship which was 
his hallmark. That is unfortunate." 

Ollie had served as a faculty adviser to Alpha 
Chi Rho Fraternity and as a former adviser to 
the WPI Crew Club. The Crew Club named 
one of its first new shells in his honor. Believ- 
ing that there was a need for faculty and stu- 
dents to socialize outside of the classroom, he 
was instrumental in launching the Goat's Head 
Pub on campus. He also belonged to Skull. 

Prior to joining the teaching staff at WPI, 
Ollie was a research assistant at the Woods 
Hole Oceanographic Institute on Cape Cod. He 
received a BS in physics from WPI. studied at 
Yale and Rutgers, and in 1961 earned a master's 
degree from Clark. During a sabbatical in 
1975-76. he studied with the eminent statisti- 
cian Raymond H. Myers at Virginia Polytech- 
nic Institute and State University in Blacksburg. 



40 WPI JOURNAL 




More than 20 freshmen at Orientation this year were second generation WPI students. Pictured here are WP1 alumni with their fami- 
lies and freshmen sons and daughters. Row 1: Robert W. Meyer '54, WPl President Edmund T. Cranch, Francis W. Madigan, Jr. 
'53. Row 2: Joseph J. Mielinski, Jr. '63, Robert E. Maynard '63. Row 3: Nathaniel M. Johnson '60, Robert H. Whyte '61. Row 4: 
Jan W. Moren '66, Donald J. Richards '59. Row 5: Williams S. Brower, Jr. '58, Paul J. Keating '64, Benjamin D. Brunell '64. Row 
6: Paul R. Jolicoeur '60, Brian J. Kelly '55. Row 7: John W. Oldham, Jr. '65, Charles A. Whitney '57. Missing when photo was 
taken, the families of: George F. Bastien '62, Richard J. Bouchard '59, John D. Jennings '58, Peter Marston '64, Christopher F. 
Martin '53, Michael F Oliver '65, Donald R. Olsen '56. 



Ollie was a former president of the Citizens 
for Neighborhood Improvement and a past di- 
rector of the Worcester Beautification Council. 
He belonged to the ASEE, the Mathematical 
Society of America, the American Mathemati- 
cal Society and the American Statistical Associ- 
ation. He was active with the Congregational 
Church and participated in Republican politics. 
In 1963, he was a candidate for the Worcester 
School Committee. 

A final, fitting tribute to Ollie came from an 
alumnus: "If it hadn't been for the extra tutor- 
ing I got from Ollie, I might never have gradu- 
ated from WPI. He always found time to help 
those in academic difficulty, not because he had 
to, but because he wanted to. That was the way 
he was." 

An evening memorial service for Ollie was 
held at Alden Memorial on Sept. 1, with Father 
Peter Scanlon assisting. 

Dr. Eugene N. Wood, '64 MNS, dean of stu- 



dents at Lowell High School, died March 22, 
1983, in Boston, MA, at the age of 48. He was 
born in Lowell on June 6, 1934. 

He joined the Lowell school system in 1956 
as a chemistry teacher. Subsequently he was 
named floormaster and dean of students. 

Dr. Wood held a BS from Boston College and 
a law degree from Suffolk Law School. He was 
a U.S. Army veteran, as well as a member of 
St. Michael's Church, the Elks and the Massa- 
chusetts (and National) Teachers Associations. 
He had served as a Little League umpire. 

Donald E. Morrisette, '66 SIM, a veteran em- 
ployee of Fenwal Corporation, died March 26, 
1983, in Brigham and Women's Hospital, Bos- 
ton, following a long illness. He was a native of 
Exeter, NH. 

Besides WPI, he attended Northeastern Uni- 
versity, Wentworth Institute of Technology, 
Worcester Junior College and the Cambridge 
Institute of Marketing. He joined Fenwal in 



1942 and retired several years ago as field sales 
manager. 

After service with the U.S. Navy in World 
War II, he and others who had served on the 
USS Enterprise in the Pacific received the Con- 
gressional Medal of Honor. 

Mr. Morrisette, who had served on the 
Hopkinton (MA) Finance and Appropriations 
Committees and the Planning Board, was previ- 
ously active with the Little League and the Boy 
Scouts. 

James F. Brennan, '77, of Leicester, MA, 
died March 26, 1983, in a fire that destroyed a 
summer home in West Rindge, NH. He was 28. 

At the time of his death, the Worcester native 
was working at Spag's. While at WPI, he had 
belonged to the varsity basketball and baseball 
teams. 

He belonged to St. Joseph's parish, Lambda 
Chi Alpha Fraternity and the Celtic Standard 
Folk Band. 




Judith O'Coin, '85 MGE, of Spencer, MA, was a big help in mobilizing the 75 student 
volunteers who phoned some 600 graduates for the Alumni Readership Survey. 
Read the results on page 6. 



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COOP— The Eight-Month Energizer 




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WPI Journal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



VOLUME 87, NUMBER 3 



Staff of The WPI JOURNAL 

Editor, Kenneth L. McDonnell 
Alumni Information Editor, Ruth S. Trask 

Alumni Publications Committee: Donald E. 
Ross, '54, chair; Robert C. Gosling, '68; Sam- 
uel W. Mencow, '37; Roger W. Miles, '69; 
Stanley P. Negus, Jr., '54; Judith Nitsch, '75. 

The WPI Journal (ISSN 0148-6128) is pub- 
lished quarterly for the WPI Alumni Associa- 
tion by Worcester Polytechnic Institute in coop- 
eration with the Alumni Magazine Consortium, 
with editorial offices at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, MD 21218. Pages I-XVI are 
published for the Alumni Magazine Consor- 
tium (Franklin and Marshall College, Hartwick 
College, Johns Hopkins University, Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute) and appear in the respective alumni 
magazines of those institutions. Second class 
postage paid at Worcester, MA, and additional 
mailing offices. Pages 1-16, 33-48 ® 1984, 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Pages I-XVI ® 
1984, Johns Hopkins University. 

Staff of the Alumni Magazine Consortium: 

Editor, Mary Ruth Yoe; Production Coordina- 
tor, Wendy Williams-Hauck; Designer, Ellen 
Cohen; Editorial Assistant, Claire E. Brown. 

Advisory Board for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium: Franklin and Marshall College, 
Gerald Eckert and Judy Durand; Hartwick Col- 
lege, Philip Benoit and Merrilee Gomillion; 
Johns Hopkins University, B.J. Norris and 
Elise Hancock; Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Lynn Holley and Robert M. Whitaker; 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Donald F. 
Berth and Kenneth L. McDonnell. 

Acknowledgments: Typesetting, BG Compo- 
sition; Printing, American Press, Inc. 

Diverse views on subjects of public interest are 
presented in the magazine. These views do not 
necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or 
official policies of WPI. Address correspond- 
ence to the Editor, The WPI Journal, Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 01609. 
Telephone (617) 793-5609. Postmaster: If un- 
deliverable please send form 3579 to the ad- 
dress above. Do not return publication. 



CONTENTS 



FEBRUARY 1984 



Page 4 



jtf 



Page 8 



2 A Gift of Magnificent Proportions 

Student aid from a long-lost alumnus. 

4 It's My World, and It's Yours, Too. 

A close look at WPI's foreign students. 
Michael Shanley 

8 A Brilliant Season 

10 The Eight-Month Energizer 

A successful program that's not on campus. 
Kenneth McDonnell 

14 WPFs Sports Hall of Fame 
16 A Shot in the Dark 

I Monogrammed Jobs 
Does personality affect the way you work? 
Mary Ruth Yoe 

V Beyond the Atmosphere 

With Space Telescope, astronomers will see 
the universe 100 times better than before. 
Ann Finkbeiner 

XII Robin Hood Revised 

The legend isn't what it used to be. 
James C. Holt 

33 There Are Jobs Out There 

34 Riding the Space Shuttle 



Departments 

Class Notes 36 

Completed Careers 47 

Feedback Inside back cover 

Page XII 
Cover: A fresh snowfall blankets the east 
entrance of Alden Memorial. Meanwhile, 
Maura Mastrogiovanni (opposite) uses a break 
in the weather for more leisurely pursuits (Chuck Kidd photo). 






s-# 



Page 10 



FEBRUARY 1984 1 




A Gift of Magnificent 

Proportions: 

The Walter and Miriam 

Rutman Scholarship 

WPFs largest-ever donarion for scholarships 
comes from a Depression-era alumnus 
who everyone thought had forgotten his alma mater. 

By Michael Shanley 



The letters are 50 years old no* . 
and the pages have yellowed with 
age. but the words have lost none 
of their urgency. 

The story told is of a young man anx- 
iously searching for work in a dismal job 
market. His correspondence is with a 
job placement contact at his alma mater. 
The year is 1934. 

- 'ch 1 1 Coruaci: There is a p> 
ble opening ... I have written to 
suggest > our name. . . If you are 
interested, write or phone Mr. Merrill 
immediately "' 

_'ch 6) Young Man: On receiving 
your letter. I immediately telephoned 



Mr Merrill only to leam thai the posi- 
tion had been filled. Your lead, al- 
though it proved disappointing. \*as 
encouraging. 

(Sept. 6 1 Young Man: I still need a 
job: and necessity will soon place me 
in an awkward spot. I have managed an 
irking sustenance by sundry odd 
jobs. . . How do things appear? 

(Sept 1 1 ) Contact: We ha\en"t had 
wind of anything during July and Au- 
gust Bui I am confident there will be 
need for more men this fall . 

4) Young Man: Thank you for 
your letter of recommendation, but the 
firm was unable to raise the necessary 
funds and the high enthusiasm dw indled 
quickly I need a job badl> 



The young man did get a job. He 
worked hard. He prospered. His alma 
mater heard little from him over the years, 
but the young man had not forgotten. 

His name was Walter Rutman. Class of 
1930. He died last year at the age of 74 In 
his will, he left W PI SI .5 million. The 
money . he specified, is to be used "for 
scholarships for needy students." 

Rutman owned the Rhode Island Herald 
newspaper, and he was owner and presi- 
dent of the Herald Press and the Ondine 
Publishing Company, both in Rhode 
Island. He was the former owner of the 
East Providence Post and the Seekonk 



WP1 JOURNAL 



(Mass.) Star, both weekly newspapers. 

Rutman's wife of 45 years, Miriam, 
says her husband never kept in touch with 
anyone at WPI because "That's the way 
he was, a very private man." But he did 
remember the school fondly. "He always 
felt he got an especially good education 
there." 

By earmarking the money for scholar- 
ships, Rutman may have been trying 
to lighten for others the burden he himself 
shouldered at WPI. He put himself 
through school, in part by working as a 
correspondent for the Worcester Evening 
Gazette. This introduction to journalism 
would later serve him well. 

Upon his graduation in 1930, the 
young chemist found a job with 
Chase Copper and Brass Company in 
Waterbury, Conn. When the economy 
failed to rebound during the early years of 
the Great Depression, the company was 
forced to lay off workers, and Rutman, 
still single then, was without a steady job. 
"They only kept the men who had fami- 
lies to support," says Mrs. Rutman, who 
married Walter in 1938. 

Rutman soon moved to Providence, 
where he had relatives, and persevered 
through a series of odd jobs. Then, in 
1935, his fortune began to change. He and 
a partner bought the struggling Jewish 
Herald newspaper. 

In those early days at the Herald, 
Rutman was troubled by a nagging prob- 
lem: he couldn't find a printer whose 
standards of quality and speed met his 
own. Says Arthur Lemoi, who worked 
with Rutman for nearly 25 years and now 
runs the business for Mrs. Rutman, "He 
didn't want to print his paper when some- 
body else was ready. Finally he just de- 
cided to do it himself." Thus was born the 
Herald Press. 

It was at this point that Rutman, who by 
now had bought out his partner and was 
sole owner of the Jewish Herald, took 
what others saw as a foolish gamble: his 
printing company was among the first to 
adopt the new offset printing process, a 
controversial alternative to the traditional 
letterpress procedure. There were those 
who predicted disaster. Now, of course, 
offset is the industry standard. 

In later years, he brought in the web 
press, phototypesetters and OCRs (optical 
character readers). "We were using the 
computer in the mid-'60s— long before 
most publishers," says Lemoi. 

In the 1960s, Rutman formed the 
Ondine Publishing Company for retail 
publishing accounts. He also bought the 




Walter Rutman, Class of 1930. Opposite: 
Mrs. Miriam Rutman and Kathy Kruczek, 
'84 ME, of the Student Alumni Society, at 
a ceremony announcing the fund. 

East Providence Post and started the 
Seekonk Star. "At one time or another, the 
company printed almost every community 
newspaper in Rhode Island and southeast- 
ern Massachusetts," says David Howard, 
who worked as an editor for Rutman and 
now publishes the Post and the Star. 

Of Rutman's editorial stance, Howard 
says, "He looked at the community news- 
paper as a source of hometown news with 
as much emphasis on the person who was 
promoted in his or her job, as on what was 
happening with the zoning board." His 
papers earned a reputation for fairness and 
accuracy of reporting as well as for excel- 
lent printing. 

Rutman's passion was his work— seven 
days a week. "He was tough, but he was a 
straight shooter," says Lemoi. 

Rutman's drive and determination 
carried through all he did, business 
or pleasure. Tony Caranci, golf course 
superintendent at Ledgemont Country 
Club, got to know him well, because 
Rutman was Ledgemont 's greens commit- 
tee chairman for many years. 

"I'd see him out on the course almost 
every morning," remembers Caranci. 
"And I mean early— six o'clock or be- 
fore—just him and my sprinklers." 

Later, nearing 70, Rutman found a new 
interest — canoeing. As usual, he went all 
out. 

"One night I got this call from a total 
stranger," recalls Manny Point, founder 
and past president of the Rhode Island 



Canoeing Association. "He said he was 
going on a canoe trip to the Allegash 
Wilderness Waterway in Maine, and he 
wanted to learn everything about the 
sport." Point agreed to give the stranger a 
few tips. 

"When I saw this thin older man walk 
up, I began to wonder what I had gotten 
myself into. But he was stronger than he 
looked and he worked very hard. He came 
back from that first Maine trip happy as a 
baby. What he remembered most about 
WPI was the professors he had. He spoke 
highly of them." 

Rutman's education never really ended. 
The Rutmans were active members of 
the Providence Athenaeum, one of the 
oldest private libraries in the country. The 
Athenaeum staff remember him as a very 
quiet man. And, quietly, he left the 
Athenaeum $50,000, the largest gift the 
library has ever received. 

"His devotion to the Athenaeum sur- 
prised even me," says Mrs. Rutman, who 
is still a regular there. Nor was she aware 
of the great extent to which he had helped 
Trinity Square Repertory Company, 
Providence's theatre group. 

Marion Simon, assistant to Trinity 
director Adrian Hall, calls Rutman 
"... the greatest benefactor we had. He 
printed all our programs and never asked 
for the money we owed. He had a deep 
sense of what was right and wrong." 

It was this sense, one can surmise, that 
moved this quiet, intensely private man to 
provide generations of students with an 
opportunity they might otherwise be de- 
nied. Scholarships for needy students are 
important, Walter Rutman might say. 
They are "right." 

At the public announcement of the 
Rutmans' magnificent gift, held at 
WPI on October 12 and attended by Mrs. 
Rutman and some 200 students, faculty 
and friends of the college. President 
Edmund T Cranch declared, "This gift, 
establishing the Walter and Miriam 
Rutman Scholarship Fund, will enable 
WPI to lighten the financial burden many 
of our students are forced to bear." 

Said Robert F. Reeves, Vice President 
for Student Affairs, "The nation can ill 
afford to have qualified students miss 
getting the highest quality scientific and 
technological education because of insuf- 
ficient resources. Similarly, WPI cannot 
let the quality of our student population be 
determined by their ability to pay." 

"The Rutmans," added Dr. Cranch, 
"recognized that education is the common 
currency of democracy." 



FEBRUARY 1984 




It's My World 
and It's ^burs, Too. 

Students from nearly 50 countries bring to WTI a rich tapestry 
of backgrounds. But for some, the road home may be treacherous. 



By Michael Shanlev 



Kiet remembers the guards" subma- 
chine guns reflecting in the moon- 
light as he and hundreds of others 
boarded the rusted fishing boat that night. 
He was too young then to be properly 
terrified, too voung to realize how many 
"boat people" never saw land again. 
He was unaware how mam fell v ktim to 
foul weather, unsafe boats and marauding 
pirates. 

Kjets father had been trying to get the 

famil) out of Vietnam for four years — ev er 

since the communists took Saigon in 1975. 

The boat trip was a final act of despera- 



tion, a long and arduous journev under- 
taken only as a last resort. Efforts at secur- 
ing forged papers that would have allowed 
the family to leave by air had failed. So 
had the other alternatives Kiet s father had 
explored. He had dealt with a number of 
seed> characters peddling empty prom- 
ises. Most had simph stolen his mone> 
and fled into the Saigon underworld. 

If other possibilities for escape even ex- 
isted, there was. suddenh. precious little 
time. The famil} was being followed b> 
the secret police— had been, they were 
chilled to learn, for more than a >ear. 

It was time for drastic action: it was time 
to secure a boat. 

A group of friends banded together and 



purchased the iron-hulled fishing boat that 
would take them to Hong Kong. The 
proper officials were bribed, the plans 
were made. Papers were forged so that rel- 
atives, and not the government, would get 
their house and belongings. 

Now the Hoangs— Kiet. his parents, two 
brothers and a sister— were set to leave 
their troubled homeland. For Kiet. that 
homeland represented a jumbled mixture 
of memories. There were the good times: 
the family gatherings, the childhood 
friends, the sheer excitement of growing 
up. But there were also honors like the Tet 
offensive of 1968. with bombs dropping 
across the river and hills of human bodies 
piling up on the roadside. 



4 WP1 JOURNAL 




All in all, Kiet was glad to be leaving, 
glad because it meant not having to anx- 
iously await the arrival of his father each 
evening. The entire family had come to 
live vicariously through Mr. Hoang, wait- 
ing to see the expression on his face when 
he came through the door at the end of the 
day. A smile meant he had a lead on some 
means of escape; it meant hope. If there 
was no smile, well, things had gone 
poorly, another plan had fallen through, 
another hope had been dashed. 

More than 400 people were crammed 
into the boat that night as it slipped with- 
out incident off into the moonlight. For 
nine days they huddled together, eating 
only rice. Twice they bypassed Hong 
Kong by mistake. They spent an entire day 
hopelessly lost somewhere off the coast of 
mainland China. Another day, the boat 
was nearly destroyed in a ferocious storm. 

But in the end, the Hoang family were 
survivors. They finally landed on the 
shores of Hong Kong, where they lived 
with relatives for five months. Eventually, 
they came to the United States and now 
live on Cape Cod. 

Kiet is a sophomore computer science 
major at WPI. If his past differs 
greatly from that of most students, then he 



serves as an excellent illustration of the 
one overriding tie that binds the WPI for- 
eign student population: they bring to the 
campus a richly textured background often 
unfamiliar to American students. 

About 280 foreign students from 46 
countries are currently enrolled at WPI— 
about 7.3 percent of the full-time popula- 
tion. Of these, about 125 are graduate 
students. More facts: 

As might be expected, figures nationally 
vary greatly. According to the Institute of 
International Education, foreign students 
represented 2.7 percent of the total U.S. 
higher education enrollment for the 1982- 
83 school year. 

Miami-Dade Community College 
headed all others with 4,186 foreign stu- 
dents enrolled. The University of Southern 
California and University of Texas at Aus- 
tin were next in line. Northrup University, 
in Inglewood, California, claimed the 
largest percentage of foreign students— 
70.5 percent, followed by Southeastern 
University, in Washington, D.C., where 
64.9 percent of the students are foreign. 

Massachusetts, with more than 16,000 
foreign students, was ranked fifth in the 
country in total number enrolled, behind 
California, New York, Texas and Florida. 
MIT's foreign-student enrollment for 



At WPI (from left): Lisa Lee, '87, New 
York City, formerly from Hong Kong; 
Carlos Gutierrez, '87, Guaynabo, 
Puerto Rico; Luis Quijano, '86, Panama 
dry, Panama. 

1982-83 was 20 percent of MIT's total en- 
rollment, BU's was 7.8 percent and Har- 
vard's was 12.5 percent. 

Nearly a quarter of the national foreign 
student population studies engineering, 
making it the most popular field of study. 

The largest single group of foreign stu- 
dents in the U.S. comes from Iran. Out of 
a total foreign student population of 
336,985 in 1982-83, more than 25.000 
were Iranian. That number, however, rep- 
resents a 50 percent drop from the 1979- 
80 school year. 

In the last decade, students from Iran 
made up a large block of the WPI foreign 
student population, but, following the na- 
tional trend, their numbers have dipped 
sharply in recent years. The number of Ira- 
nians enrolled as full-time undergraduates 
at WPI plummeted from 49 in 1979-80 to 
28 in 1982-83 to 12 in 1983-84. More- 
over, there are no Iranian students in this 
year's freshman class. 

It's not hard to see why. Iran has been in 
turmoil since the revolution of 1978, when 
the Shah was overthrown and the Ayatol- 
lah Khomeini seized power. In addition, 
the current war with Iraq has destroyed 
students' plans to study in the U.S. 

Iranian students at WPI have felt the 
crunch. Many live in a troubling twilight 
of uneasiness that most American students 
can only imagine. For some, the phrase 
"you can't go home again" is chillingly 
real. 

One student, who for obvious reasons 
chooses not to be identified, admits to hav- 
ing participated in the 1978 revolution. 
Now he regrets it. 

"At the time, it seemed the right thing to 
do," he says. "So many of those in 
power— the wealthy— were corrupt. But 
now it's much worse." 

He tells of letters from home always 
arriving opened, of phone calls being 
bugged. There is even concern that a gov- 
ernment informant could be planted here 
at WPI. Despite the fact that his family is 
still in Iran, this student vows not to return 
while Khomeini is in power. 

"There's no future for me there," he 
says. "My friends who stayed in Iran are 
now in the army or working at odd jobs. 
Their talents have been totally wasted. 
The universities there are a joke now. 
Everything is political." 

He knows horror stories of imprison- 



FEBRUARY N84 



ment and harassment, torture and execu- 
tion. "One letter—" he says, "if it goes to 
the right person— is enough to get some- 
one hanged." 

Dean of Students Bernard H. Brown, 
who is responsible for the undergraduate 
foreign student program at WPI, says that 
Iranian students who want to remain in the 
U.S. after graduation must enroll in a 
graduate program, apply for one year of 
practical training experience, or apply for 
political asylum. 

"And if they do apply for asylum." says 
Brown, "then their family back home 
could be in danger because an application 
for asylum is considered a denunciation of 
the Ayatollah." 

Fortunately, most foreign students don't 
face such troubling decisions. For 
many, cultural adjustments are the biggest 
hurdle. To offset potential problems of 
that kind. Dean Brown and his staff offer a 
special orientation program for foreign 
students enrolled in the freshman class. 
People like Dean John van Alstyne, Regis- 
trar Robert Long and oral communication 
specialist Kay Draper participate and ex- 
plain programs informally to the students. 

"Things we take for granted— speech, 
transportation and religious practices, for 
example— can be a real problem for some 
of these students," says Dean Brown. 

One recently developed resource is the 
WPI International Student Handbook, 
completed in the summer of 1982 as an 
IQP by two undergraduate foreign stu- 
dents, Luis Anez and Jorge Castillo. Dean 
Brown's staff updates it annually and dis- 
tributes it at the orientation. In addition to 
explaining the facilities at WPI. the hand- 
book offers practical advice on everything 
from how to open a checking account to 
when to give someone a tip. 

One major purpose of the orientation is 
to test a student's spoken English and to 
offer help if it's needed. That help often 
comes in the form of enrollment in one of 
Kay Draper's public speaking classes. 
Mrs. Draper uses WPI's audiovisual facili- 
ties to tape each student as he presents 
speeches during the course of a term. 

"The difference between the first and 
the last taping is phenomenal," she says. 

Students who have come in contact with 
Mrs. Draper speak glowingly of her. not 
just as a teacher, but as a person, a friend 
and a shoulder to cry on. Mrs. Draper, in 
turn, credits the entire WPI community 
with making foreign students welcome. 

"Everyone," she says, "from the deans 
to the faculty and staff to the American 
students, has done a fantastic job. WPI is 



known for its treatment of foreign stu- 
dents. People here care; they take the 
time. I've known of secretaries — who 
have God knows how many other things to 
do— struggling for 20 minutes to under- 
stand a foreign student's problem." 

Mrs. Draper, whose dealings with Chi- 
nese students earned her a six-week teach- 
ing trip to China last fall, views treatment 
of foreign students as having repercussions 
far beyond WPI's boundaries. 

"In a very real sense, world policy of 
tomorrow depends on what we do today. 
The students who come through our doors 
are tomorrow's leaders, and the first im- 
pression they get of this country is here." 

Reviewing videotapes of speeches pre- 
sented by students in Mrs. Draper's class 
illustrates another aspect of the foreign 
student population: many seem more alert 
to political and social realities than their 
American counterparts. Witness Mrs. 
Draper's students arguing global politics, 
the plight of the industrial worker and ne- 
glect of the elderly. 

Lisa Lee, originally from Hong Kong 
and now a resident of New York City, 
speaks passionately about world hunger, 
about the fact that many Americans take 
for granted the kinds of meals that millions 
of children around the world never see. At 
the end of her speech she sings, in a strong 
voice and without a trace of self-con- 
sciousness, the words to one of her favor- 
ite songs: "It's my world and it's yours, 
too, and there's a lot we both can do if we 
try. . . ." 

Carlos Gutierrez, from Puerto Rico, 
gives his talk on the United States and its 
involvement with Third World countries. 
He is an unabashed apologist for non- 
aggression. Luis Quijano. a Panamanian, 
knowingly discusses communism in Cen- 
tral America: how. for example, the peas- 
ants view the superpowers jockeying for 
position. 

Contrast this with a recent poll taken by 
editorial writers at the Worcester Tele- 
gram. Students from five area colleges 
(Assumption. Clark. Holy Cross, WPI 
and Worcester State) were asked questions 
on history and current events. Results 
showed that only a third of the students 
could name the U.S. Senators from their 
state. Fewer than 30 percent could identify 
U.S. Secretary of State George Schultz. 
One senior at WPI, after placing the finish 
of World War II in 1952. was quoted as 
saying of wars, "They're nothing I ever 
bothered to pay attention to." 

In addition to speech classes. Dean 
Brown's office makes a number of other 
services available to foreign students. 



Far right: Oral communication specialist 
Kay Draper with Da Hai Ding, '83, 
WPI 's first graduate from the People 's 
Republic of China. Right: Dean of Stu- 
dents Bernard Brown. 

World House, at the corner of West 
Street and Institute Road, was established 
in 1982 as a place where incoming foreign 
students could stay for a night or two upon 
their arrival in Worcester. "We didn't 
want them to be forced into a hotel on their 
first night in town," says Dean Brown. 

The house has evolved into an all-pur- 
pose spot for meetings, lectures, parties 
and other activities. As one foreign student 
remarked. "You feel like a little grain of 
sand when you first get here, and World 
House helps you get through that." 

Dean Brown's office also publishes a 
periodic newsletter. World House Wire- 
less, to keep international students abreast 
of new policies, programs and events. 
Sprinkled throughout the year are holiday 
parties, films of special interest and activi- 
ties coordinated through the International 
Center of Worcester. 

According to Dean Brown, one of his 
most important, and frustrating, duties as 
International Student Advisor is dealing 
with federal regulations. Last summer, the 
Reagan administration enacted tough new 
immigration policies designed to keep a 
closer watch on the nation's 350.000 for- 
eign students. Most changes involve the 
filing of more paperwork, but, he says, the 
new regulations have presented WPI with 
few major problems. 

With regard to national student immi- 
gration procedures in general. Dean 
Brown says a tightening was actually long 
overdue. "It had gotten to the point where 
the government had no idea who or where 
some of these students were." 

Considering the sheer numbers in- 
volved—hundreds of foreign students 
versus a handful of WPI faculty and staff 
to deal with them— the foreign student pro- 
gram must be labeled a great success. 

Still, it appears that a watershed of sorts 
has been reached. WPI may well be near- 
ing its limit in terms of the number of stu- 
dents who can be effectively assimilated 
under the current arrangement. 

Dean Brown admits that he doesn't have 
the time or resources to do all he'd like to 
for foreign students. Charles Heventhal of 
the Humanities Department, who coordi- 
nates the English as a Second Language 
program and thus deals with nearly all un- 
dergraduate foreign students, is also con- 
cerned about strain on the program. 



6 WPI JOURNAL 




"People are overtaxed, there's no ques- 
tion about it." he says. "But the important 
thing is that we have a good structure in 
place and we're building on that structure 
now. If we're going to get more foreign 
students, we've got to do it right." 

Will there be greater numbers of foreign 
students at WPI in the future? A look to 
the past says yes. 

Twenty years ago, during the 1963-64 
school year, 48 out of 1,315 students 
were from foreign countries. That's 
3.6 percent. A random check of statistics 
at five-year intervals since then shows a 
slight increase to 3.8 percent for the 1968- 
69 school year, followed by jumps to 
5.6 percent in 1973-74 and 6.8 percent in 
1977-78, culminating with this year's in- 
crease to 7.4 percent. 

Nationally, however, growth in the 
numbers of foreign students has stalled. In 
the 1970s, each new year showed at least a 
10 percent jump in foreign student enroll- 
ment. Figures from the Institute of Inter- 
national Education show just a 3.3 percent 
increase in 1982-83. A report issued by 
the Institute offers these reasons: "Ser- 
vices have suffered, financial aid has been 
reduced, and requirements for admission 
have become more difficult to meet." The 
worldwide economic recession of the early 
1980s was also credited with having hurt 
the foreign student population. 

But most of the policy changes that have 
negatively affected incoming foreign stu- 
dents — tougher admission policies, fewer 
tuition assistance programs and even some 



tuition surcharges— apply primarily to 
public institutions, which enroll 65 percent 
of the foreign students. 

At WPI and other private institutions 
like it, there is no financial assistance 
available to foreign students and, at least 
in theory, admission is based solely upon 
merit. If anything, places like WPI will 
be seeking more foreign students. 

WPI Director of Admissions Roy 
Seaberg, '56 ME, says competition for 
top-flight foreign students will heat up in 
light of the dismal demographics facing 
colleges in the coming years. Seaberg this 
year instituted recruiting trips to South 
America and Europe. 

"In purely practical terms," he says, 
"qualified foreign students are extremely 
attractive because they pay full tuition. But 
a certain balance must be kept. There's a 
point at which you have too many foreign 
students, and the Americans begin to feel 
uncomfortable." 

WPI's current blend of foreign and U.S. 
students, he says, is well within the de- 
sired boundaries. "And we have students 
from all over the globe, not just from a 
handful of countries. They bring an inter- 
national outlook to the campus and 
broaden the perspective of the undergradu- 
ates. 

"Over the years, we've developed a rep- 
utation for accepting quality students from 
all over the world and treating them well 
when they arrive. Word about WPI gets 
back home." 

By all indications, word does seem to 



get back home and, in a couple of cases at 
least, WPI's reputation has survived more 
than a few changes of season. Mitsuo 
Kuwada, a student from Japan who gradu- 
ated last year with a degree in chemical 
engineering, is the great-nephew and 
adopted son of Gompei Kuwada (Class of 
'93), the official keeper of the original 
WPI goat. And freshman Jia-He Mei, 
from Beijing, China, is the grandson of Yi 
Chi Mei, Class of '14, and the son of Tsu- 
Yen Mei, '49. 

While these examples of tradition may 
be isolated, it is, in more general terms, a 
sense of past that makes international stu- 
dents such a valuable asset to WPI. 

As a nation, America has a short history 
when compared with other countries of the 
world, many of which established them- 
selves thousands of years ago. Students 
from these foreign lands bring with them a 
part of their homeland, a part of the past. 
For some, that past may be troubled, but it 
is no less valuable for that. 

The same sense of past makes a foreign 
student's vision of the future equally en- 
riching to the American who probes it. 
Consider Kiet Hoang. The terrible dreams 
he had about the secret police are behind 
him. Now he thinks only of the future. As 
for his career, he's not too interested in 
management or business. Rather, he plans 
to use his education to be inventive, to 
design "helpful things for society." He's 
also not particularly concerned with 
money, except for one thing— he does 
want to help his father. 



FEBRUARY 1984 



"Everybody Gets JF" 
into the Act" 
atWPI 

Not since the 1954 season has WPI been 
undefeated and untied in football. But in 
1983, as the season wound down, the En- 
gineers got wound up, amassing 121 
points in their last three games against a 
combined total of 22 for RPI, Hamilton 
and Fairleigh Dickinson. 

Coming off four consecutive winning 
seasons. Coach Bob Weiss's 1983 cam- 
paign broke the record books wide open: 
225 points for the season against oppo- 
nents' 56; total offense of 3,182 yards— 
nearly 400 per game! 

There were personal records, too. Au- 
burn's Mike Carbone, a junior, set a WPI 
scoring record with 78 points, and a sin- 
gle-season mark of 1,123 yards gained, 
breaking the old record by nearly 500 
yards! He also racked up a game average 
of 140 yards. And senior Randy Mocadlo 
of Vernon, CT, set a single-game rushing 
record of 239 yards against RPI, scoring 
two touchdowns en route. 





WPI Finishes Unbeaten and Untied 



The scores: Coast Guard 35-14, Colby 
30-7, Lowell 7-0, Fordham 22-6, Bates 
10-7, RPI 28-8, Hamilton 42-0, Fairleigh 
Dickinson 51-14. 

Probably the only disappointment of the 
year came not during the season, but on 
the day after the final game at Fairleigh 
Dickinson. Looking for its first-ever 
NCAA post-season tournament invitation, 
WPI was denied its bid by the selection 
committee, shattering the hopes of the en- 
tire college, yet failing to dampen com- 
pletely the results of a sparkling season. 



Other records: 

• Only undefeated, untied college team in 
New England. 

• Standings in NCAA Division III: First 
in New England, third in Northeast, 
ninth in the nation, and placed among 
the top three teams in rushing offense, 
rushing defense, and scoring defense. 

• Team of the Year and Coach of the Year, 
in a vote by the New England Football 
Writers Association. 

• Coach of the Year, Boston Gridiron 
Club. 



ABRILLIA 



8 WPI JOURNAL 




WPI Finishes with a Flourish 



For the Fairleigh Dickinson game, some 
400 fans— students, alumni, parents- 
made the trip to New Jersey, more than 
tripling the hometown rooters. FD seemed 
to know what was in store for them— a 
51-14 blitzkrieg by the Engineers. 

If you were part of the celebration after- 
wards, you know the thrill and the pride of 
victory. And you know the closeness of 



this WPI team— perhaps the greatest ever. 
As he boarded the bus for New Jersey 
with his players, bound for perhaps the 
biggest game of his life. Bob Weiss was 
confident. That confidence expressed it- 
self in his feelings for the team, for when 
someone wished him success, he re- 
sponded simply, "They'll do it. These 
guys' 11 do it. They're that kind of team." 



IT SEASON! 



FEBRUARY 1984 



THE 

EIGHT-MONTH 

ENERGIZER 

Students are finding great value in getting 
away from the books for a while — and industry 
applauds their decision. 



By Kenneth \ icDonnell 

Rod MacLellan did it to confirm his 
career plans. Jeannine Machon 
wanted to coalesce the bits and 
pieces shed learned in class. Diane 
Peterson put money away for college ex- 
penses. And Enis Konuk did it to get a 
taste of industry . 

Whatever their reasons, a grow ing num- 
ber of WPI students are opting for extra 
time in college in exchange for the kinds 
of experiences only outside emplo\ment 
can provide. It's all part of WETs Cooper- 
ate e Education Program (COOP), an 
eight-year-old arrangement that puts the 
expertise of undergraduates on the line 
e\ery da>. not in the classroom, but in 
plants and laboratories of industry and 
go\emment. 

. irding to Bruce VanAuken. Man- 
ager of S> stems and Softw are Engineering 
at Dennison Manufacturing Corp.. COOP 
benefits employers probably as much as it 
does students. * We get technical^ trained 
though normall) inexperienced people 



through COOP." he says. "The> come to 
us knowing how to do fairly sophisticated 
work, but the> simply haven't had much 
time to apply what the> know. COOP 
brings all these loose ends together." 

Dennison. of Framingham. MA. is a 
leading manufacturer of pressure-sensitive 
and metallic labels, thermal transfer prod- 
for industry, and other specialty 
goods. Junior computer science major 
Jeannine Machon of Randolph. MA. is 
Dennison s most recent COOP employee. 
She worked under VanAuken from June 
1983 through January 1984. one of two 
eight-month COOP periods each >ear 
"M> programming assignment at Denni- 
son." she sa\s. "was concrete and market- 
oriented— just what I needed. Now I'm 
better able to see the practical possibilities 
of m> course w ork and pro t 

Student interest in COOP seems to be 
based on two. closeh related objectives. 
"WPI is so intensive."' sa>s Joanne 
Shatkin. a junior biology and biotechnol- 
og\ major from Cranston. RI. '"that many 
of us need a break at some point. But we 



don't want to interrupt our education." 

Equally important, say man> COOP 
students, is their desire to get a close-up 
look at the profession the>'re studying to 
enter. For most. COOP is the answer to 
both concerns. 

Joanne's COOP assignment in the Mate- 
rials Protection and Biotechnical Group of 
the U.S. Arrm's Natick (MA) Laborato- 
ries fulfilled her personal and career 
needs. Natick Labs is the R&D branch of 
the Army that develops and tests the 
equipment used b\ the nation's foot sol- 
diers—clothing, field shelter, freeze-dried 
foods and the like. As a member of a small 
research team. Joanne designed coatings 
to protect water purification units adapt- 
able to various combat situations. "I'd 
gotten so caught up in my college work." 
she recalls, '"that I never had a chance to 
ask m>self what I was actually doing." 
Her COOP experience, she says, gave a 
sharper focus to her career plans. 

Most COOP students find assignments 
in Massachusetts, but for those whose 
COOP experiences take them far beyond 



WPI JOURNAL 



Jeannine Machon, a computer 

science major, commuted to 

Framingham: "25 miles and 24 lights." 




commuting range of Worcester, finding 
such necessities as housing becomes 
one more reminder of how true to life 
COOP is. 

Senior Joan Marler. for example, a ma- 
terials engineering major from Rochester. 
NH. was hired by General Electric to per- 
form materials testing and manufacturing 
engineering at the company's Plainfield. 
CT. plant. For Joan. COOP was perhaps 
more full time than for most, since it 
meant relocating for her eight months 
away from WPI. But she found housing 
with an elderly woman not far from GE. 
"It was just fine." she says now. Socially, 
she spent time with her GE colleagues dur- 
ing the week: and on many weekends she 
made the trip back to her Worcester 
friends and classmates. 

At first, she recalls, the pace at GE was 
slower than she'd expected, but after a 
short time on the job. more rigorous as- 
signments came her way. "I was treated 
like a full-time employee." she says. "You 
leam quickly how to get things done in a 
corporate setting." 

Joan had changed majors just before go- 
ing on COOP. "My GE work and self- 
imposed departure from everything famil- 
iar gave me a confident sense of my career 
goals and the world beyond WPI." she 
says. 

"Textbooks." Joan adds, "present the 
world in two-dimensional terms. But as 
we all know, the world is three-dimen- 
sional. COOP was the smartest decision of 
my college career." 

Bonnie Blanchon. '83 CHE. who now 
lives in Acton. MA. made perhaps as 
much of her COOP venture as any- 
one can expect. Like roughly one-third of 
all COOP students. Bonnie participated in 
not one but two COOP periods, first at 
Procter & Gamble's Cincinnati. OH. plant 
and later at the Jaffrey. NH. manufactur- 
ing facility of Millipore Corp. At P&G. 

Martin Hopkins, '83 CE, on the job at 
Morgan Construction. 



Bonnie was in consumer research, testing 
products to support advertising claims. 
And at Millipore she developed synthetic 
membranes for use primarily by the medi- 
cal profession. 

Upon graduating. Bonnie found that, in 
job recruiting. COOP had been every bit 
as important as her degree. She was of- 
fered a job and is now working in the 
membrane engineering section of Milli- 
pore's Bedford. MA. facility. "This posi- 
tion ties my work to R&D." she says, "but 
I also interface with business, a fusion that 
suits me well." She also likes Millipore 's 
industrial mission. "It rewards effort, it 
teaches you how to get along with people, 
and it lets you interact with the push* of 
manufacturing and the theory of R&D." 

Bonnie was Millipore 's first COOP stu- 
dent assigned to the Jaffrey plant. Says 
Thomas Lavin. Production Manager of In- 
dustrial Products at Jaffrey. "To Milli- 
pore— and many other companies. I imag- 
ine— COOP is a vital recruiting tool. We 



can look at potential employees under ac- 
tual work situations and pressures, and the 
students can do the same with us— with 
little down-side risk to anyone." 

"WPI COOP students." adds David 
DeWitt. Millipore s Production Manager 
of Medical Devices, "seem to want posi- 
tions where they can go in and "get their 
hands dim.' We're often in a fight-fire sit- 
uation at Jaffrey. and we need to know 
how well a young individual can relate to 
our other 350 people and stand up under 
pressure from, for instance, an old codger 
who might say. Don't bother me. young- 
ster'"' 

In large measure, says Lavin. Milli- 
pore "s endorsement of the COOP Program 
is a reflection of Program Director John R. 
Farley's knack for matching the needs of 
employers and students. "By visiting our 
facilities." says Lavin. "John gets to know 
what we do. how we work and what we 
expect from our employees." 

Currently, says Farley. '68 CHE. some 




FEBRUARY NS4 11 




John Farley, '68 CHE, directs the 
program: "95 percent of our COOP 
firms employ alumni." 



60 students are on COOP assignments. 
More than 100 are signed up for the up- 
coming June-January period. Since taking 
over the program in 1979, he has seen the 
number of students registered nearly dou- 
ble. At this rate, he adds, the number 
could double again before 1990. 

On the other side of the ledger, about 55 
companies, nearly one-third of them out- 
side of Massachusetts, are involved in the 
program. But, says Farley, corporate com- 
mitment is down considerably today, due 
to the recession of 1982. "With more and 
more students showing interest," he says, 
"we're always eager to speak with pro- 
spective COOP firms— especially in light 
of the program's benefits to employers." 
Alumni, he adds, are represented in about 
95 percent of WPI's COOP companies. 

According to Farley, 60 percent of 
COOP students are mechanical or electri- 
cal engineering majors, with the balance 
coming from computer science, chemical 
and civil engineering, and a few from the 
sciences. 

Few requirements face students inter- 



ested in COOP. They must be full-time 
juniors or seniors, maintain satisfactory 
academic progress and receive approval 
from their academic advisors. They pay no 
tuition during their COOP assignment and 
are compensated by their employers, but 
academic credit is not given for their 
efforts. 

Like Bonnie Blanchon, Martin Hopkins, 
'83 CE, of Worcester, took full advantage 
of his two COOP assignments. Following 
his sophomore year, he went with Worces- 
ter's Riley Stoker Corp. as a programmer 
in its structural engineering department. 
He later worked part-time for Riley while 
back in school. 

Today. Martin is assistant to the director 
of computer integrated manufacturing at 
Morgan Construction. Worcester, where 
he spent his second COOP. On assignment 
in Morgan's manufacturing engineering 
department, he was able, even as a COOP 
employee, to cross departmental lines and 
assume plenty of responsibility. 

"That experience was so beneficial to 
my career." he now says. Not only did the 




* 







» I 




giant rolling mills manufacturer hire him 
("Actually, my job offers outnumbered 
the rejections." he says), but he took on 
more meaningful duties right away than he 
had ever expected to. 

"Whether or not you find a job with 
your COOP employer," he adds, "your re- 
sume will undoubtedly be stronger for the 
experience." 

One potential dilemma for COOP 
students is the stipulation that they 
prolong their academic career. One 
COOP period of employment means an 
extra two terms (14 weeks) at WPI to al- 
low students time to complete course 
work, projects and the Competency Exam- 
ination. Two COOP periods add a full 
year. 

"It's definitely something to consider," 
says Joanne Shatkin. But, she contends, 
"too many students want to rush through 
college, get that sheepskin and jump into a 
job. How many understand what they're 
getting into? And why." 

"Take the time," counsels Martin 
Hopkins. "The dividends will come in 
more and better job offers." 

Bonnie Blanchon of Millipore concurs. 
"Don't be put off by the extra time in col- 
lege that goes along with COOP. You'll be 
opening yourself up to new opportuni- 
ties—both in college and later." 

Junior Enis Konuk found the payoff 
back in the classroom following his 
COOP. The Turkish electrical engineering 
major wrote software for control systems 
at BTU Engineering, Inc., a maker of 
semiconductors located in Billerica, MA. 
"COOP is helping me digest the course 
work I completed before going out. And 
classes and projects are more relevant." 

Richard A. Zeccola of IBM, echoes 
Enis' viewpoint. Zeccola is Project Man- 
ager of Printer Quality and Reliability at 
IBM's Endicott. NY. facility. He is also a 
COOP recruiter. IBM. he says, looks to 

EE Major Rod MacLellan writing software 
at Sprague Electric Company. 



12 WPI JOURNAL 







COOP students for fresh ideas and to 
question existing company methods. 
"We've had three WPI COOP students at 
our Endicott plant," he says, "and we're 
batting a thousand." 

IBM, Zeccolla reports, recruits students 
who are technically prepared, mature and 
ready to work on a team. "We find all 
those qualities in the WPI students we 
hire, plus the ability to grasp problems and 
to present themselves professionally." 
WPI's emphasis on student projects, he 
believes, is a key source of this capability. 
"Our biggest problem," he concludes, "is 
that we can't hire enough WPI students." 

Diane Peterson's COOP experience 
challenged and rewarded her in much the 
same way that it has other students. Last 
year, as a junior, the Copiague, NY, com- 
puter science major designed a mathemati- 
cal simulation of a military defensive 
probe being developed at the Westboro, 
MA, plant of GTE Corp. "It gave me a 
chance to apply what I'd learned in class- 




am/ put money in the bank for college." 

Rod MacLellan, too, found the financial 
payoff of COOP especially timely: he was 
married recently. Rod finished his COOP 
in January at Sprague Electric Co., a semi- 
conductor manufacturer and major Wor- 
cester employer. His assignment there, 
writing software for monitoring semicon- 
ductor wafer processing, will enable him 
to follow a number of career directions and 
help him better define his curriculum and 
project goals back on campus. "It was a 
great confidence builder," he adds. 

Michael Ridinger, Sprague's Manager 
of Device Development, was Rod's COOP 
supervisor. "Our COOP students work on 
current and important programs," he says, 
"not back-burner projects. They are hired 
as technicians, but they bring with them an 
added strength— an engineering approach 
to problem solving." 

Adds Jerry Bouchard, Sprague's Man- 
ager of Technical Services, "We look for 
the kind of people who want to work at 
Sprague. We look for character, not just 
technical skills." 



For junior Diane Peterson (left), COOP 
paid off in practical and financial terms. 
Enis Konuk, '85 EE (above), got a close 
look at the semiconductor industry. 

Today, about 1 ,000 colleges and univer- 
sities offer some form of cooperative edu- 
cation. Most are a curriculum option, but 
some are mandatory and built into the in- 
stitution's overall educational program. 

Both systems, of course, have their ad- 
vocates. Thus, we can ask whether WPI's 
COOP program— which is strictly by 
choice— should be more regimented. 
Should it be mandatory? 

Without exception, those interviewed 
for this story— students and employers 
alike— responded to this question with a 
resounding NO. But at the same time, 
most students heartily recommend COOP 
to their classmates, and employers regard 
COOP as vital to their long-term recruiting 
and everyday operations. 

"We look for students who want the 
COOP experience," says Millipore's Tom 
Lavin, "not those who have no choice." 



FEBRUARY 1984 13 



Off and Running 

In a moving tribute, WPI inducts eight of its 
greatest sportsmen into the new Athletic Hall of Fame. 



In his time, the late Harry L. Dadmun, Class of 1891, "Wor- 
cester's Fastest Human," was a world-class runner. He won the 
1891 National AAU 1/2-mile Championship with a time of 
1 :59.2, a WPI record that stood for 60 years. He also won the 
French National Championship and dominated WPI opponents in 
every race from 100 yards to the 1/2-mile and the hurdles. 

Dadmun and seven others were inducted, as charter members, 
into WPI's Athletic Hall of Fame. The induction came at a dinner 
ceremony attended by more than 200 at Homecoming Weekend in 
October. 

Six alumni, a coach and a former athletic director constitute the 
membership of the Hall of Fame, an idea conceived a decade ago 
to honor the extraordinary athletic contributions made during 
WPI's more than 100 years of intercollegiate athletic competition. 

Said Ted Coghlin, '56, who, with track coach Merl Norcross, 
co-chaired the organizing committee, "The dedicated efforts of 
POLY CLUB members, the Athletic Department, the Class of 
1959 and many other volunteers gave life to this long-overdue 
concept. It's been a team effort all-around." 

Dadmun's fellow inaugural members are Thomas W. Berry, 
'24; Albert J. Raslavsky, '39; Raymond J. Forkey, '40; Henry 
W. Nowick, '56; Edward F Cannon, '68; Robert W. Pritchard, 
former athletic director and football coach; and Charles R. 
McNulty, a WPI coach for 37 years. 

"Selection of members," said Norcross, "is based on their 
athletic ability, integrity, sportsmanship and character, with spe- 
cial emphasis on their athletic contributions to their WPI teams." 
In addition, membership may be offered to non-athletes who have 
provided distinguished service to WPI sports— for example, 
coaches, faculty and other alumni. Any member of the WPI com- 
munity, past or present, may nominate candidates. Induction of 
additional members is planned on an annual basis. 

Thomas W. Berry, '24, earned two letters in football and three 



in baseball, but is better known for his exploits on the basketball 
court. He was a two-time All- New England center when the 
Engineers were New England champions in the 1919-20 and 
1920-21 seasons. He played all but two minutes of the team's 
games in his last three years. He died in 1959. 

Albert J. Raslavsky, '39, was also a three-sport man. He 
played end in the Engineer's first undefeated football season of 
1938. In basketball he captained the team and made All-New 
England in his senior year. That season WPI went 13-3 and was 
ranked in the Top 10 in the region. He earned four baseball 
letters, serving as captain in his senior year. As a sophomore, he 
received offers from the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Detroit Tigers 
to play professionally. He is currently a plant superintendent at 
H. H. Brown Shoe Company in Worcester. 

Raymond J. Forkey, '40, combined with Raslavsky to give 
WPI some of its best football, basketball and baseball teams. He 
is the only WPI athlete to earn 12 letters. 

Forkey captained the football team in his senior year and at 
quarterback was a pivotal force on the 1938 undefeated team. In 
basketball he helped the Engineers compile a four-year 47-17 
record, including the 13-3 team of 1938-39. He also captained 
the baseball team. Forkey is still an avid golfer and has done well 
in many local tournaments. Currently a WPI Trustee, he is the 
retired president of Coppus Engineering of Worcester. 

Henry ("Hank") Nowick, '56, was another three-sport stand- 
out. In football he led the Engineers to their undefeated 1954 
season. That year he was named to the Chemical Engineering 
News All- America team. In basketball he captained the team in 
his senior season and established a single-game scoring record 
with 33 points. He was also the leading pitcher on the baseball 
team, compiling a 10-2 record in four years. He is currently a 
senior engineering specialist for Monsanto Corp., in Indian 
Orchard, MA. 




Dadmun, '91 



Berry, '24 



Raslavsky, '39 



Forkey, '40 



14 WPI JOURNAL 




Two-time All America soccer star Edward F Cannon, '68 CE MNS, at the Hall of Fame induction ceremonies. Offering congratula- 
tions, from left to right, are Peter Horsttnann, '55 ME, Mark Mandel, Sports Information Director, and Alfred E. Barry, '57 ME. 



Edward F. Cannon, '68, is currently assistant athletic director, 
a physics lecturer and the highly successful soccer coach at St. 
Anselm's College. At WPI he earned All- America soccer honors 
in 1967 and '68, when just 33 players in the nation, regardless of 
division, received that distinction. During his career at WPI the 
soccer team twice played in the NCAA Regional Tournament. He 
was also an excellent basketball player and was selected to the 
Worcester Holiday Tournament all-star team in the 1967-68 sea- 
son; WPI beat Assumption and went on to win the tournament. 

Robert W. Pritchard's name was synonymous with WPI ath- 
letics for 31 years. He was the school's athletic director from 
1952-78 and head football coach from 1947-66. Under his lead- 
ership WPI's athletic program flourished. Among his most note- 
worthy accomplishments: his 1954 undefeated football team, 
which earned him a National Coach of the Year nomination; his 



role in the planning of Harrington Auditorium; his induction into 
the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics Hall 
of Fame; his role as founder of the NCAAs Drug Education 
Committee; and his ECAC James Lynah Award, for his contribu- 
tions in intercollegiate athletics. He passed away in 1978. 

Charles R. McNulty, who serves as WPI's coordinator of 
athletics and scheduling director, has been a coaching mainstay at 
the school for more than 37 years. He coached football from 
1945-81 , was head basketball coach from 1947-66 and was head 
baseball coach from 1946 until he relinquished the position last 
year. His other honors include the 1981 Jack Butterfield Award, 
for his devotion to the improvement of college baseball; and his 
1968 award for "Contribution to Basketball," presented by the 
Worcester County Basketball Coaches, Sportswriters and Sports- 
casters Association, an organization that he helped create. 




Nowick, '56 



Cannon, '68 



Pritchard 



McNulty 



FEBRUARY 1984 15 



A SHOT 

IN THE DARK 




Lcirry Katzman and Marshall Levine: Putting a lid on home heating costs. 



The scene is a common one: an engi- 
neer buried in a foot-high stack of 
technical reports on some sliver of 
an esoteric field of interest. And not sur- 
prisingly, he's never heard of the author, in 
this case a Lawrence Katzman of the Bos- 
ton area. 

The reader is Marshall Levine. '55 ME. 
of Wayne, PA. It's the late 1970s. He's 
reading everything the National Bureau of 
Standards (NBS) can unearth for him on 
the subject of energy conservation in resi- 
dential buildings. 

Levine 's interest in all this is honest 
enough. His career has been distinctive, 
working at the time under contract to the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, examin- 
ing how fuel oil dealers can best benefit 
from the developing market for home 
heating retrofit and replacement equip- 
ment. 

He'd done computer modeling of retro- 
fit strategies and payback potential to fore- 
cast homeowner response. He'd served on 
the Governor's Energy Council and was 
chairman of the Philadelphia Residential 



Energy Task Force. All this during the 
highly charged era of OPEC scares and 
skyrocketing energy costs. And earlier, 
he'd developed highly sophisticated blood 
analysis technologies for the medical pro- 
fession. 

"The elegance and excitement of high 
technology," he now says, "was intoxicat- 
ing, but often it seemed to serve relatively 
few people directly." 

Sensing a need both to solve people's 
everyday problems and to apply his exper- 
tise, he and a clergy friend formed in 1979 
the Institute for Human Development 
(IHD). a nonprofit community service 
group based in inner-city Philadelphia. 
IHD's Burner Bank furnace reconditioning 
center employed more than 100 local resi- 
dents. Several other states are now follow- 
ing the IHD lead. 

"Lots of gadgets were appearing on the 
market about then, boasting of energy sav- 
ings far in excess of what logic would tell 
you." Besides, he says, lots of government 
fuel subsidy dollars were going up the 
chimney through the decaying, inefficient 



furnaces of the neighborhoods. "The 
Burner Bank created warmth two ways — 
by employing people and by heating their 
homes for less." 

Enter Larry Katzman. The reports 
Levine had poured over at NBS were the 
result of a four-year study Katzman had 
done of residential oil-fired heating system 
performance. And at Walden Research of 
Wilmington, MA, he'd developed stan- 
dardized NBS tests for comparing the per- 
formance of competing furnaces. 

Levine 's reading told him right away 
that Katzman was the only real authority 
he'd found on the subject of home energy 
conservation. He had to meet this Larry 
Katzman. 

"Marshall called me in late 1979," 
Katzman recalls. "He was the only person 
who'd ever contacted me about my work." 

The rest of the story reads like an entre- 
preneurial Wlw's Who. Their combined 
experience and interest in energy issues 
and desire to form a small, private firm 
quickly led to formation of Thermal Data 
Corp. Combining their modeling, com- 
puter and marketing skills, they developed 
the Residential Energy Computer (REC). 
a self-contained sales tool designed to pro- 
mote residential energy conservation with 
a structured, unbiased presentation. 

In just 15 months, their initial $4,000 
investment jumped to sales in excess of 
$1 million. Today, more than 1,200 units 
are in use by heating contractors, fuel sup- 
pliers and energy consultants coast to 
coast. The unit is carried in an attache case 
by a salesperson and is programmed to 
show dollar savings and paybacks for a 
variety of heating alternatives, retrofits 
and upgradings. 

"The REC is simple, it builds a low- 
cost econometric model, it answers the 
questions of the homeowner in just a few 
minutes— and it's ethical," says Katzman. 

Adds Levine, "Marketing has always 
been a problem for contractors and trades- 
men. REC is the catalyst for sparking the 
gap between product and market." 

And, oh yes, to complete the story— 
only after a few of their earliest conversa- 
tions did Levine and Katzman discover 
that they are both WPI graduates. A CHE 
major. Katzman graduated in 1963. 

But that's not all. Hard as it may be to 
believe, both were active brothers in the 
same WPI fraternity— AEt! 

Says Levine, "There was instantly a 
trust between us. a mutual recognition of 
capability and judgment that WPI had 
helped mold." 

Sometimes a shot in the dark turns out 
that way. 



lo WT1 JOURNAL 




Type theory defines personality as the way you prefer to see 

and react to the world. Does that affect the way you work? 

Common sense—and the theory— say yes. 

By Mary Ruth Yoe 



Personality's role in the work-place is easy to acknowledge, 
hard to quantify. The successful librarian has one type of 
personality, most people would agree; the successful car 
salesperson another. Therefore, shouldn't it be possible to use a 
personality test to match job with applicant? 

Such tests are available, yet few businesses use them in hiring. 
"Their degree of job-related validity is not high," argues Mary L. 
Tenopyr, division manager for resources and systems at American 
Telephone and Telegraph, "so they aren't used." Furthermore, 
the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission supports strict 
regulations, trying to ensure that screening tests are valid and do 
not discriminate against minorities. Employers, in turn, shy away 
from using personality inventories in hiring— avoiding both ex- 
pensive validation studies and possible lawsuits. 

Once people are hired and in the work-place, however, person- 
ality's effect on performance can be examined. Larger organiza- 
tions, those offering their employees in-house career develop- 
ment counseling, often use personality tests in team building or as 
an advancement tool, especially for managers. "An ideal man- 
ager, if there is such a thing," says Thomas Stutzman, a professor 
in the School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
"has the perceptual skills to recognize the variables in people and 
in the environment and to vary his or her style accordingly." 

Contemporary theory of management styles, adds John Cle- 
mens, a former marketing executive for the Pillsbury Company 
who is now an associate professor of management at Hartwick 
College, "defines management as accomplishing something 
through others. That means a leader must command a whole 
range of leadership styles, from wholly democratic through dicta- 
torial . 

"There are, of course, real problems with being a chameleon," 



Clemens continues. "Personality is a given. It is possible to make 
small, 2 or 3 degree navigational changes, but not to change 
course entirely." Still, modern management places a premium on 
interpersonal skills— and on such navigational changes. 

Enter a little-known personality inventory with a loyal band of 
enthusiasts: the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), based on 
the work of two women, Katharine C. Briggs and her daughter, 
Isabel Briggs Myers. About the time of World War I, Katharine 
Briggs began to study the similarities and differences in human 
personalities. Then in 1923, she learned from reading the English 
translation of Carl Jung's Psychological Types that her scheme of 
personality, developed independently, was similar to Jung's. 

Everyone intrinsically prefers a certain way of perceiving and 
judging the surrounding world: that is the basis of Jung's typol- 
ogy. His typology heavily influenced Katharine Briggs's own 
work, an influence that went against the academic grain. (While 
both women were well educated— the daughter graduating from 
Swarthmore at age 16 — neither had done graduate work in psy- 
chology.) 

"Although Freud and Jung were both given honorary degrees 
by Clark University before World War I," says O.W. Lacy, a 
clinical psychologist who is chief of career planning, testing, and 
placement at Franklin and Marshall College, "the science of 
individual differences as it grew up in America remained largely 
empirical as opposed to psychodynamic in theory, at least through 
World War II." Lacy pauses, then confesses: 

"Jung was a pariah in academic circles. I used to read Jung as if 
he were Henry Miller." Even when psychodynamic theory crept 
into U.S. graduate schools, "the overwhelming training and em- 
phasis was Freudian." Many people. Lacy explains, had diffi- 



FEBRUARY 1984 I 



DO YOUR INTERESTS FLOW MAINLY TO. 



DO YOU PREFER TO PERCEIVE. 




. . . THE OUTER 
WORLD OF ACTIONS, 
OBJECTS, AND 
PERSONS? 



. . THE INNER 
WORLD OF 
CONCEPTS AND 
IDEAS? 



. THE IMMEDIATE, 

REAL, PRACTICAL 

FACTS OF 

EXPERD2NCE 

AND LIFE? 



. . . THE 
POSSIBILITD2S, 

RELATIONS, 

AND MEANINGS 

OF EXPERIENCES? 



culty witji some Jungian ideas, including his theory of a collective 
unconscious. The result was "a general ignorance about Jung." 

In 1942 Isabel Myers, who had caught her mother's enthusiasm 
for a theory of types, began work on a research tool to indicate 
personality preferences or types. She would try out her question- 
naire on family and friends, then revise it and try again. "Isabel 
Myers was working independently of an academic career track," 
notes Lacy. "She did have a marvelous old-boy network because 
her father had been director of the National Bureau of Standards, 
and he had some clout." Through her father, for example, Myers 
convinced a medical school dean to let her test his students, a 
study that expanded to produce MBTI results for more than 5,000 
medical students and 10,000 nurses. 

Henry Chauncey, then head of Educational Testing Service, 
learned about the indicator and proposed that ETS buy and dis- 
tribute Myers's test for research purposes. But not everyone at 
ETS was as impressed with Myers's work as Chauncey, and 
although ETS published Isabel Myers's MBTI manual in 1962, 
the inventory was effectively buried there. 

Then in 1975, distribution rights were transferred to Consulting 
Psychologists Press— which sold a million copies within two 
years— and the Center for Applications of Psychological Type 
was organized to coordinate MBTI research. Today the national 
association of MBTI users has 1 ,900 members, including college 
and university researchers in personality, career counselors, ther- 
apists, and a sizable number of management consultants. 

President of the Northeast Association for Psychological Type, 
SueLynn (her whole name) is also a consultant in organizational 
and management development at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. On 
a bright early-winter afternoon, she meets with four mid- and 
upper-level hospital managers. The four have already completed 
the 166-question indicator (a paper-and-pencil, multiple-choice 
inventory), and SueLynn will soon hand back the results— "an 
identification, not a measurement, of personality"— but first she 
explains the theory of types. 

"Humans have two basic mental processes," she begins, "per- 
ception, or perceiving information, and judging, or coming to a 
conclusion about the information gathered." She pauses. "Take a 
minute and write your name using the hand you ordinarily don't 



use." The four obey. The resulting signature, of course, is both 
harder to pen and harder to decipher. "Just as you've been born 
with a preference for handedness, you have an inborn preference 
for the way you perceive the world." Still, everyone can write 
with the unfavored hand; in the same way, type preferences indi- 
cate areas of strength and areas for growth. With that point estab- 
lished, SueLynn begins. 

Sensing (S) types gather information by using their five senses. 
They pay attention to facts, details, rules, and regulations. They 
are practical, down-to-earth, "reality-based." Firmly grounded in 
the here and now, S types talk about the past and the present; their 
future is short-term, six months to two years ahead. They learn 
best in 1-2-3 steps, and they base their decisions on experience. 
Of the general population, about 75 percent are thought to be 
sensors. 

Intuitives (N) types, on the other hand, use facts as a jumping- 
off point into possibilities, options, alternatives. "They're always 
making connections," says SueLynn. Intuitives speak in generali- 
ties, are most concerned with concepts, theories, world views. 
Although intuitives are good problem solvers, even after the 
problem is solved they continue to proffer new solutions. N types 
are always looking to the future, and they learn the concept first, 
then support it with facts. 

"What does this mean in a work situation?" SueLynn asks her 
audience. Several things. For one, an S feels most comfortable 
with a project when it is immediately applicable, obviously use- 
ful, while Ns more easily take on long-term tasks. These prefer- 
ences also influence the way people give directions. "The N will 
say, 'Send a letter to Ms. Jones about our meeting,' " explains 
SueLynn. "The S will respond, 'But what do I say?' The S wants 
directions, examples, specifics, models. 

"On the other hand, an S manager will say, 'I want you to 
do this project, and here's how I want you to do it' and will go on 
to list step-by-step instructions. The N he's instructing will 
say, 'Why does S want me to do it? He's got it figured out 
already.' " Nods of recognition all around the table. 

"The next two types have to do with judgment," SueLynn 
continues, "or how a person comes to a conclusion." The think- 
ing (T) types base their conclusions on logic and analysis. Their 



II ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



DO YOU PREFER TO MAKE DECISIONS. 



DO YOU PREFER MOSTLY TO LIVE. 





. . . OBJECTIVELY, 

IMPERSONALLY, 

CONSIDERING 

CAUSES OF EVENTS 

AND WHERE 

DECISIONS MAY LEAD? 



. . . SUBJECTIVELY 

AND PERSONALLY, 

WEIGHING VALUES OF 

CHOICES AND 

HOW THEY MATTER 

TO OTHERS? 



style is impersonal— they don't take into account how a decision 
will affect other people. What they do require of a decision is that 
it "make sense." They are sure of their reasons for a particular 
course of action, and they expect that others can justify their 
decisions in the same way. 

Feeling (F) types do not base their decisions purely on emo- 
tions, as the name seems to imply. Rather, they are also con- 
cerned with attitudes, beliefs, values, morals, and convictions. In 
making a decision, they worry about its effect on other people, 
and they tend to value harmony and avoid conflicts. Unlike Ts, 
feeling types often cannot give "reasons why" they have made 
a decision. 

The decision-making preference is apparently the only one with 
a sex bias. Although 50 percent of the general population are 
thinkers and 50 percent feelers, men account for at least 60 per- 
cent of the thinkers, while women make up at least 60 percent of 
the feeling type. (This fact may testify to the influence that envi- 
ronment can have on type, or it may point to an inherent sex 
difference.) 

On the job, Ts expect to be recognized for their competence; 
they find a raise, a change in title, or a bigger desk more mean- 
ingful than a verbal thank-you. But Fs want to be appreciated for 
"who they are, doing a job." With Fs, says SueLynn, "a manager 
should use the words 'special' and 'unique' and 'thank you,' and 
should use them often." In large organizations, these differences 
can be the root of morale problems, "because in most administra- 
tions, the top managers turn out to be Ts. They are, of course, 
very satisfied, because they're getting all kinds of T rewards- 
responsibility, big salaries, good titles. 

"At the middle-management level, there are both Ts and Fs. 
The Ts at mid-level are more dissatisfied, because fewer T re- 
wards are available, while the Fs are dissatisfied because the Ts at 
the top treat them like functions, not people— a T thinks that if 
you haven't been fired, you should know you're doing a good 
job." SueLynn's audience chuckles. 

The bottom level of a bureaucracy, she continues, is typically 
filled with secretaries and clerks, usually women and therefore 
most likely to be Fs. "They are very dissatisfied because they're 
thought of as machines. Even Ts at the bottom are dissatisfied 



... IN A DECISIVE, 

PLANNED, 

AND ORDERLY WAY, 

AIMING TO REGULATE 

AND 

CONTROL EVENTS? 



because there are no T rewards except their paychecks." 

Whether sensing or intuitive, everyone has a preferred way of 
perceiving; likewise, whether a thinking or feeling type, every- 
one also has a favored style of decision-making. Some people 
favor information-gathering over decision-making, and vice 
versa. According to type theory, the favored activity will be used 
most often in dealing with other people. 

A preference for judging (J) characterizes about 50 percent of 
the population. Whether a thinking or feeling type, a J enjoys 
completion. Words associated with this type include: "wrap up, 
finish everything, no loose ends, organize." They make lists, 
have plans, live life with a calendar. Again, nods of recognition 
from the four managers as SueLynn speaks. "They have a need to 
be productive in order to feel good about themselves." As people 
who like to be in control, Js decide, then act. They are uncom- 
fortable with sudden upheavals, and must plan for change. There- 
fore a manager should give them time to think about changes. "In 
other words," she jokes, "don't tell them on Friday afternoon that 
the office is going to be relocated on Monday." 

The other 50 percent prefer information-gathering to decision- 
making. These perceiving (P) types, says SueLynn, "are often 
accused— most often by Js — of not being able to make a decision. 
They don't want to make a decision." Ps keep options open. They 
enjoy seeing the other side, getting new information. Although 
their upsetting habit of questioning conventional wisdom often 
pushes them to the far side of a bureaucratic organization, Ps 
come into their own in diagnosing and managing a crisis. Com- 
pared to Js, perceptive types seem more spontaneous, more flexi- 
ble, more adaptable. (An aside: Of all the types, SueLynn adds, 
Ps "have the most highly adaptive behavior— after all, they have 
to make some decisions, in order to get through school and in 
order to be paid.") 

The fourth and final preference expresses an individual's world 
attitude. Extroverting (E) types prefer to relate to the outer world 
of people and things— not because they like people more than 
their introverting (I) counterparts, SueLynn cautions, but "be- 
cause they need to talk to understand. They are energized by 
being with people." E types make up about 75 percent of the 
population. Introverting (I) types, in contrast, are energized by 



FEBRUARY 1984 III 



being alone. They relate most easily to an inner world of self and 
ideas; "they go inside to think." Articulate, they usually think 
before they speak. (Again, some adaptation is obviously required 
on the part of I types.) 

Now SueLynn is ready to show the four managers how to 
interpret their inventory results. Each person, she explains, has a 
preference for E or I, S or N, T or F, and J or P— in other words, 
each person will fall into one of 16 four-letter categories, such as 
ESTJ or INTP. But that isn't the whole story. Each of those four 
preferences falls along a scale from to 60; is the dividing line 
between a preference and its opposite, and thus scores between 
and 15 mean that a person may actually shift back and forth 
between two opposing types. 

"So we should try to categorize people and treat them accord- 
ingly?" asks one of SueLynn's listeners. "Well, yes and no," she 
replies. At this point, the tendency is to categorize. Researchers 
have found that certain MBTI types seem to flock to certain 
professions. 

When Dragnet's Sgt. Joe Friday pressed for "the facts, ma'am, 
just the facts," he was being true to type. STs, who have what 
SueLynn calls "a very firm personality," are often police officers 
or members of the military. SFs, "who pay attention to facts, yet 
are people oriented," make good social workers, caretakers, 
nurses, ministers, psychologists (not psychiatrists, who are often 
NFs), and physicians noted for their bedside manner. NTs, who 
"gather information and then apply logic to the possibilities," are 
especially good at research, particularly in quantitative fields, 
and at dealing with organizations. NFs, "the most articulate 
of all the types," are often journalists or novelists, counselors or 
psychotherapists. 

Business administrators— leaders in industry, government, and 
the military— are often TJs. The two types most attracted to the 
sciences are INTJs and INTPs, people who seem to value knowl- 
edge for its own sake. And studies of extremely creative people- 
Nobel laureates, etc.— have found that creative people tend to be 
Ns: by intuition, they are able to see around the corner. 

Still, categorization is exactly what Jung feared: in letters to 
Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers, he wrote that he did not want 
the type scales to be used as labels. "Each type serves as a 
resource to the other," notes SueLynn. "It is extremely important 
that people do not use type to stereotype or pigeonhole— in the 
work-place or anywhere. A perceptive type can get the job done, 
a sensor can have a plan for the future. To stereotype is to rob a 
person of his or her opportunity to develop, to change." 

"Type is just one of the many markers— age, sex, ethnic and 
religious background, even geography— that help us predict other 
people's behavior," says O.W. Lacy. "One's appropriate type is 
not a cell from which there is no escape, but a home ground from 
which one can venture forth to live life more fully. Unfortunately, 
there is much in what we do with type that reminds people of the 
horoscope, and that is a constant danger." 

To help remove the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator from the 
realm of the horoscope. Lacy has spent much of the past decade 
in research "aimed at establishing the validity of the concept and 
the instrument." In each of the past eight years, about 500 of 
Franklin and Marshall's entering freshmen have been given the 
MBTI and two more established inventories, the Strong Campbell 
Interest Inventory and the Omnibus Personality Inventory. The 
results are used in academic, career, and personal counseling 
while the students are at F&M. and the information also adds to 
Lacy's research. An analysis of results from some 3,500 students 
is under way with a colleague at the University of California- 



Berkeley. "How the results of the MBTI correlate with the results 
from the other inventories will provide concurrent validity evi- 
dence." Isabel Myers performed similar validity tests, but Lacy 
points out that he hopes "not only to replicate, but also to extend 
her results, with a different set of students, from different decades 
and different backgrounds. 

"Knowing what a person's type is," Lacy asks, "can we predict 
what a person will do later?" To find out, Paul Leavenworth, 
formerly assistant dean of students at F&M and now a PhD 
candidate at William and Mary, will test some aspects of the 
MBTI's predictive validity. Using F&M data, he'll attempt to 
correlate a student's type upon entering college with college lead- 
ership activities later. "For example, students who make Phi Beta 
Kappa tend to be intuitives— tend in fact to be IN-Js," Lacy notes. 
"The J probably gives them the organization necessary for con- 
sistently realizing really good grades. 

"Isabel Myers felt that the educational system begins to screen 
for type, and indeed it seems that sensing types and perceiving 
types tend to drop out a little bit as you go higher up the education 
ladder." (The inference is that intuitive types, who find it easier to 
grasp concepts, and judging types, with their liking for completed 
projects, fit most neatly into the educational system.) 

Another question worth asking is whether, compared to their 
numbers in the general population, certain types engage in certain 
activities in disproportionate numbers. Himself a 2,000-miler on 
the Appalachian Trail, Lacy has so far studied 96 men and 27 
women who have also completed the trail. "The 2,000-miler is 
typically an introvert and more likely to be intuitive." INFPs, for 
example, make up about 10 percent of the hikers sample, yet 
account for only 2.5 percent of the general population. And al- 
though 1 1.2 percent of men and 16.9 percent of women in the 
general population are ESFPs, "not a single ESFP has surfaced as 
a 2,000-miler so far." 

Meanwhile, research on Myers-Briggs in business and indus- 
trial situations is flourishing, with work ranging from how busi- 
ness people conceptualize to studies of different professions, such 
as banking and accounting, and the types they seem to attract. 
"There's one problem," admits Mary McCaulley, a University of 
Florida psychologist who is president of the Center for Applica- 
tions of Psychological Type. "In business, you get so many judg- 
ing and thinking types that it's hard to have a significant represen- 
tation of feeling and intuitive types in your sample." 

McCaulley, a consultant for the career-development programs 
of such corporations as Citibank and Honeywell, thinks that 
MBTI will become more and more important in the work-place, 
"especially in companies large enough to have in-house career 
development programs— quite often the MBTI is used as part of 
that program." And organizational consultants, she says, keep 
adding the instrument to their kit of management remedies. 

To gauge the impact of types on a team of eight people, say, a 
consultant might help a manager divide the group members into 
intuiting and sensing, introverting and extroverting. "In a 12- 
person office that complained of communications problems," 
SueLynn says, "I discovered that 10 of the 12 people were intro- 
verting types. They simply had no inherent need to let the other 
people in the office know what they were doing." The solution: 
the introverting types made an effort to be more communicative 
about business matters. 

Employees exposed to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator in the 
work-place often take it home at the end of the day: "The MBTI 
has wider uses than many instruments," says Mary McCaulley. 
"because it concerns how you take in information and make 
decisions— in other words, everything you do." 



IV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




Death of a star: In 1054, Chinese astronomers watched as a massive star, now known as the Crab Nebula, exploded. Space 
Telescope should let today 's astronomers witness another exploding supernova— but in more detail. 

g^^^L HT ' I ^ I Y'l 1 r-r^he heavens are filled with strange- 
f 1 [V I I^^J I _j I ness. Clouds of stuff as common as 

1 II ^1 I ^™| |i -^ dust and hydrogen gas can thicken, 

\^^S X ^1 I 1 I 1 ^j condense, and heat until they create stars, 

but no one knows exactly how. Pulsars are 
unbelievably dense stars that spin at a 
quarter the speed of light. Quasars are an- 
cient objects the size of stars, yet shine 
more intensely than the largest galaxy. 

Astronomers have long lists of items to 
investigate; light alone carries the an- 
swers. Unfortunately, Earth's atmo- 
sphere—a fabric of cells of differing densi- 
ties, which bounce, dim, and diffract the 
light— intervenes before the light reaches 
us here on Earth. That's why stars appear 
to twinkle. 

The obvious solution to this interfer- 
ence: put a telescope above the atmo- 
sphere. In mid-1986 NASA will do just 
that, using the Space Shuttle to carry 
Space Telescope 320 miles above the 
Earth. Designed as the first permanent ob- 
servatory in space, Space Telescope 
should spend the next 15 or 20 years gath- 
ering information from the light of stars 
and galaxies and sending it back to com- 
puters at the Space Telescope Science In- 
stitute in Baltimore. (The Institute, oper- 
ated for NASA and the European Space 



OTHER SIDE 

OF THE 
ATMOSPHERE 

♦ ♦ ♦ Space Telescope will see the universe 
with 100 times more detail than ever before* 



By Ann Finkbeiner 



FEBRUARY 1984 V 



Agency by the 17-member Association of 
Universities for Research in Astronomy, 
Inc., is on the Homewood campus of 
Johns Hopkins University.) There, after 
the signals have been transformed and an- 
alyzed. Institute staff and guest observers 
will see the universe on the other side of 
the atmosphere. 

Although its 2.4-meter mirror is not es- 
pecially large. Space Telescope's power 
and precision are remarkable: compared to 
Earth-based telescopes, it will be able to 
see stars fifty times fainter with a hundred 
times more detail. While Earth-based tele- 
scopes have a limit of resolution (the 
smallest width that can be brought into fo- 
cus) of around one arc second, Space Tele- 
scope's Fine Guidance Sensors can aim 
with an accuracy of .007 arc seconds. 
From Baltimore, that's like being able to 
pick out a dime in Chicago. Seeing farther 
out into space, of course, means seeing 
further into time, and Space Telescope 
will be able to see 98 percent of the way 
back to time's beginning. 

In addition to the Fine Guidance Sen- 
sors, Space Telescope will carry Five in- 
struments: two cameras, two spectro- 
graphs, and one photometer. They balance 
each other's talents: where one can pro- 
vide a wide field of view, another has the 
resolution necessary for detail. Astrono- 
mers will use sometimes one instrument, 
sometimes several, to satisfy their curios- 
ity about the planets, stars, galaxies, clus- 
ters, and the fate of the universe. 

Planets 

Oddly enough, astronomers know less 
about the history of our planetary system 
than they do about that of distant stars. So 
it is still a puzzle why the planetary atmo- 
spheres are so different. "Venus is hot, 
cloudy, and inhospitable," says Richard 
Griffiths, an instrument scientist for the 
Wide Field/Planetary Camera. "Mars is 
dry, dusty, not much water vapor," he con- 
tinues. "Jupiter and Saturn are totally in- 
hospitable—even if you got through their 



The great red spot in 

Jupiter's atmosphere is 

hardly visible in this 

ground-based photo (top). 

Voyager saw the planet 

more clearly (middle) and 

was able to focus quite 

closely on its turbulent 

spot (bottom). What the 

satellite saw from its 

flight past the planet, 

Space Telescope will be 

able to see from orbit 

around the Earth — and it 

can watch long enough to 

observe changes. 




VI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



atmospheres, you'd be crushed by gravity 
before your feet touched anything solid." 

Spacecraft would have to actually land 
on the planets to unravel these puzzles, but 
Space Telescope will answer some ques- 
tions. Take the great red spot in the atmo- 
sphere on Jupiter, for instance. It has been 
known for a couple of centuries, says Grif- 
fiths, "and we still haven't figured out 
what it is." One of the most important 
things the Wide Field/Planetary Camera 
can do, he points out, is monitor changes 
on the planets over long time scales. "We 
should be able to watch the great red spot 
grow, or watch a storm on Mars build up 
and die away, or watch the dust move 
around in Mars's atmosphere." Then, he 
hopes, more will be known about the 
physics of planetary atmospheres. 

The Wide Field/Planetary Camera, ac- 
tually two cameras in one instrument, 
should provide information about the plan- 
ets themselves, as well. Its special infrared 
and ultraviolet sensors will detect up to 80 
percent of the light that's there. (The best 
photographic plate on the ground detects 
1 percent.) The sensors are essentially 
light-counters; they will yield images in 
shades of bright and dark, something like 
regular photographs. 

A spectrograph, by contrast, does not 
produce an image of the source it's looking 
at. Dennis Ebbets, instrument scientist for 
the High Resolution Spectrograph, says 
the spectrograph will use the telescope 
basically as a light bucket, to collect a lot 
of photons. "Then it spreads the light out 
into a spectrum according to wavelength, 
the way a prism does." Knowing the spec- 
trum of an object lets an astronomer read 
its temperature, chemical composition, 
magnetic field strength, density, rate of ro- 
tation, and motion along the line of sight. 

"The High Resolution Spectrograph, 
working with the Planetary Camera, can 
do 'weather reports' on Jupiter on a day to 
day basis," says Ebbets. "It can study Ju- 
piter's northern lights. It can analyze the 
fumes from individual volcanoes on Jupi- 
ter's moon, Io. Earth is only one example 
of a planetary atmosphere. The bigger 



question is, what are planetary atmo- 
spheres like in general?" 

"Knowing what planetary atmospheres 
are like in general," says Richard Grif- 
fiths, "will help us understand how fre- 
quent or even likely is a planet like Earth." 

"I don't think we're alone in the uni- 
verse," says Duccio Macchetto, head of 
the Institute's Instrument Support Branch, 
and an instrument scientist for the Faint 
Object Camera. "But so far, no one has 
actually seen another planet outside our 
solar system." 

The Wide Field/Planetary Camera will 
also be used in the search for planets 
around nearby stars. Many other stars, 
Barnard's star being the most famous, 
have wobbles in their orbits that might in- 
dicate planets. True, the Planetary Camera 
could only detect wobbles caused by large 
planets like Jupiter; in our solar system, at 
any rate, life on such giant outer planets is 
impossible. "But if the model for the for- 
mation of our solar system holds for oth- 
ers," says Richard Griffiths, "then where 
there are large planets, there will also be 
small ones." 

"Whether we can make these observa- 
tions is marginal," says Macchetto. "But 
we think the planets should be out there." 
Macchetto admits that, from a purely 
physics viewpoint, the discovery wouldn't 
be earth-shaking. But, he adds, "It'd give 
us a good, warm feeling, wouldn't it?" 

Stars 

Astronomers know that huge, hot, young 
stars often group in the spiral arms of gal- 
axies, and that the groups frequently coin- 
cide with dense clouds of hydrogen and 
carbon monoxide molecules. They think 
the stars are born there, in nests formed by 
the molecular clouds. 

Clouds of molecules, the theory goes, 
attract one another gravitationally, con- 
dense, and finally become compact 
enough that thermonuclear fusion begins. 
The star then catches fire in a wash of 
ultraviolet radiation. But this is specula- 



tion so far, because the molecular clouds 
absorb the ultraviolet and thus shield the 
birth process from view. Astronomers 
pick up only the radio and infrared radia- 
tion from the clouds. But the Faint Object 
Camera should be able to detect some 
remnants of ultraviolet radiation from a 
newly born star. And by making observa- 
tions over three years, astronomers should 
be able to use the Wide Field/Planetary 
Camera to watch matter condensing into a 
star. 

Once the star is born and is burning nor- 
mally, astronomers can predict its proba- 
ble life history. No matter where they 
look, a star is going through one stage or 
another, so prediction is just a matter of 
statistics. Our sun, for example, should 
shine fairly steadily for another 4 1/2 bil- 
lion years. When it finally dies, it will die 
in two stages: as a red giant, it will expand 
enough to engulf Earth's orbit; then it will 
shrink into a cold white dwarf. 

Stars larger than the sun die less quietly. 
After a series of wild fluctuations, they 
become supernovas and explode. We see 
remnants of the explosion, hanging in 
veils and filaments of dust and gas. Using 
the Faint Object Camera, astronomers will 
search out a supernova soon after it ex- 
plodes. If they watch long enough, per- 
haps 10 years, they can assemble a slow- 
motion movie of the supernova's 
expansion into space. 

Or rather, they can watch the expansion 
of part of the supernova. For when one 
explodes, most of its mass falls back in 
toward its center. Since there is now no 
countering, outward push of nuclear burn- 
ing, gravity's inward pull is fierce. The 
star contracts so far that electrons are 
pulled into their nuclei, changing the pro- 
tons into neutrons. The resulting neutron 
star, having about the mass of the sun in a 
10-mile diameter, is so dense that a spoon- 
ful would sink into the Earth's center. 

"The magnetic field of a neutron star is 
very, very, very strong," says Richard 
White, instrument scientist for the High 
Speed Photometer, the telescope's simplest 
instrument. It counts the number of pho- 



FEBRUARY 1984 VII 



tons arriving from wherever the telescope 
points. While measurements can be made 
from the ground at the rate of 1 ,000 times 
a second, the photometer makes them at 
100,000 times a second. 

"In magnetic fields as strong as a neu- 
tron star's, weird things happen with 
light," says White. Light escapes from the 
star's magnetic poles more easily than at 
its equator. "Effectively, a neutron star 
has a little bright spot at its equator," says 
White. "Neutron stars are spinning around 
an axis, a pole. And every time the spot 
comes around, you see a flash." Neutron 
stars flash one to 1,000 times every sec- 
ond; they spin at one-fourth the speed of 
light. 

Not all stars larger than the sun end up 
as neutron stars. A star four times the sun's 
size would continue to contract until its 
gravitational field was so strong that light 
could no longer escape. It would then be a 
black hole— and astronomers hope the 
telescope will let them "see" one. 

Astronomers are reasonably certain 
black holes exist, and though, needless to 
say, they cannot literally see one, they 
think they can see its effects. The gravita- 
tional field of a black hole pulls in any 
surrounding material. But before going 
completely down the drain, the material 
whirls around the black hole, creating an 
accretion disk. "The stuff in the disk col- 
lides, creating friction," explains White. 
"Closer and closer to the inner edge of an 
accretion disk, it gets hotter and hotter. 
You can find a black hole by the light cre- 
ated by the friction in an accretion disk." 
In effect, then, a black hole does shine, 
though irregularly. 

But neutron stars can have accretion 
disks, too. The telescope's High Speed 
Photometer can detect accretion disks 
from both neutron stars and black holes 
and identify which is which. Neutron stars 
are larger, their flashes regular and further 
apart. "If it is a black hole," White says, 
"they'll see irregular variations as fast as 
the Photometer can measure— 100,000 
times a second. With changes that fast, it 
has to be a black hole." 




The Great Nebula in 
Orion (above) and the 
Veil Nebula in Cygnus 
(right) were named when 
a nebula — Latin for 
"cloud" — was just a dim 
patch seen by an early 
telescope. They represent 
nearly opposite events. 
Orion s clouds of gas and 
dust are raw materials 
which will collapse into 
stars, while the Veil's 
filaments— remnants of a 
dying supernova — expand 
into space. Space Tele- 
scope can watch both. 



VIII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




Galaxies 



Astronomers know that galaxies come in 
types. Slightly flattened or spherical, ellip- 
tical galaxies are composed of older stars 
and contain little of the gas and dust that 
might create new stars. Spiral galaxies, 
like our Milky Way, have a large, dense 
bulge at their centers and spiral arms thick 
with young stars and gas and dust. 

Early theories linked the two types in a 
sequence: ellipticals were supposed to 
evolve into spiral galaxies. Today, how- 
ever, astronomers have their doubts. "Is 
the difference between ellipticals and spi- 
rals evolutionary," asks Duccio Mac- 
chetto, "or has it to do with the way they 
were formed in the first place? The theory 
now is that they were born different." So 
the High Resolution Spectrograph will 
look at clusters of galaxies for signs of 
evolution, to see if ellipticals and spirals 
are parent and child or simply cousins. 

Another group of galaxies called active 
galaxies are less a type than a jumble. 
They have no particular shape, but all pos- 
sess extremely small, exceptionally bril- 
liant centers. In fact, the amount of light 
coming from the center is a significant 
fraction of the light coming from the rest 
of the galaxy. 

Astronomers are highly curious about 
the nuclei of those active galaxies. "The 
nuclei of all active galaxies lie buried at 
the center of the nuclear bulge," says 
Richard Griffiths. Looking at the bulge 
with ground-based telescopes, astrono- 
mers can usually see only what Dennis Eb- 
bets calls an "overexposed blob." 

With the Telescope's Wide Field/Plane- 
tary Camera, however, researchers should 
be able to resolve "right at the dead center 
of that blob, one little super-bright point." 
So far, the most popular explanation for 
the bright nuclei is that such a blaze is 
actually the accretion disk of a black hole. 

Active galactic nuclei resemble another 
curiosity, quasars. First observed 20 years 
ago, quasars are still the most distant ob- 
jects astronomers see— hundreds of mil- 



lions, even billions of light years away. In 
theory, that means they should be hun- 
dreds of millions to billions of years old, 
three-quarters of the age of the universe. 
Quasars are a hundred times brighter than 
the brightest galaxy and a hundred thou- 
sand times smaller than the apparent size 
of a normal galaxy. It's hard to talk about 
quasars and avoid hyperbole. 

"Then there is the fuzz, as it's called, 
around a quasar," says Ralph Bohlin, an 
instrument scientist for the Faint Object 
Spectrograph. Working in the ultraviolet 
spectrum and on the same principles as the 
High Resolution Spectrograph, the Faint 
Object Spectrograph has lower resolution, 
but can see things that are much dimmer 
and much farther away. Things such as a 
quasar's fuzz— which astronomers think is 
really a galaxy. "Few quasars have been 
found to have underlying galaxies," admits 
Bohlin, "but so far, that's because of the 
limitation of the instruments." (To see the 
galaxies around quasars, astronomers can 
also use the telescope's two C am eras ) 

The number of active galaxies and qua- 
sars seem to increase with distance. In 
other words, the early universe held more 
active galaxies and quasars than does the 
present. Astronomers therefore suspect 
that galactic evolution, active galaxies, 
and quasars are connected. 

Quasars, for example, might be the bril- 
liant centers of early active galaxies. And 
active galaxies might be what the ellipti- 
cals and spirals looked like millions and 
billions of years ago— violent creatures, 
powered by black holes of incomprehensi- 
ble size. Eventually, perhaps, such gal- 
axies settle into middle age as the spirals 
or ellipticals we see around us. But some 
memory of youth may remain; most gal- 
axies, including ours, probably have small 
or inactive black holes at their centers. 



Clusters m 

Cosmologists— astronomers who deal with 
the origin, evolution, and end of the uni- 
verse—have evidence that the universe ex- 



FEBRUARY 1984 IX 



ploded into being 15 to 20 billion years 
ago. Since then, everything— space and 
time, matter and energy— has been drifting 
away from everything else. 

"We know pretty much how the uni- 
verse started." says Institute director Ric- 
cardo Giacconi. "However, we don't 
know how it went from the Big Bang to the 
universe we see today." In its first instants, 
it is generally agreed, a chaotic universe 
blended uniformly into a primordial soup. 

Today we see a much lumpier universe. 
"Galaxies are not uniformly distributed in 
space," says Giacconi. "They seem to oc- 
cur in sheets, in filaments, in knots, in 
structures separated by very large dis- 
tances. There are islands of matter and is- 
lands of emptiness." Stars collect into gal- 
axies, galaxies into clusters of galaxies, 
clusters into superclusters separated by 
voids of millions of light years. Only on 
the largest scale— superclusters and be- 
yond, a billion light years— is the universe 
uniform. How did the present structure de- 
velop out of homogeneous chaos? 

"There are two main-line theories," says 
Giacconi. Both assume that as the earliest 
universe expanded and cooled, clumps or 
inhomogeneities in the general uniform 
density occurred at random. "But what is 
the scale of these inhomogeneities? Is it 
small, of a size that could condense into a 
star or a galaxy? Is it much larger? 

"One theory assumes that small inho- 
mogeneities can occur and that stars and 
galaxies formed first." Stars, galaxies, 
clusters, and superclusters would merge 
by mutual gravitational attraction. This is 
the hierarchical theory. 

The pancake model, on the other hand, 
theorizes that clumps the size of a star or 
galaxy would have dissipated in the early 
chaos, so that only supernova-sized 
clumps would have survived. "These larg- 
est inhomogeneities were in the form of 
pancakes, wide in one direction, narrow in 
the other," says Giacconi. "These enor- 
mous clumps then fragmented, and out of 
the pieces came the clusters, then the gal- 
axies, and finally the stars." 

The two theories also differ in the age 



they assign to the galaxies. In the hierar- 
chical model, galaxies formed almost at 
the Big Bang and are about 20 billion years 
old. In the pancake model, galaxies are 
younger, around 17 billion years old. 

Here is a dispute the Space Telescope 
probably can resolve, for the Wide Field/ 
Planetary Camera will be able to see ap- 
proximately 13 billion light years back in 
time, far enough to see young galaxies— if 
the pancake model is right. "If we find 
absolutely no indication of galaxy evolu- 
tion going back to 10 billion light years," 
concludes Giacconi. "I think the pancake 
theory would be difficult to sustain." 



The Future of the Universe 

Cosmologists not only want to look into 
the past, they also want to see into the 
future. They want to know whether the 
universe will continue to expand, opening 
forever. Or will it finally reverse and fall 
in on itself, closing down into a hot, infi- 
nitely dense and singular point? 

The universe is unquestionably expand- 
ing, astronomers agree, but because the 
gravitational attraction of all its mass pulls 
it back together, expansion is slowing. 
Thus the fate of the universe depends on 
how much mass it has: An open universe 
will be populated sparsely, but if the uni- 
verse is dense enough, the laws of physics 
indicate it will eventually pull together. 
Find the amount of mass and how far apart 
it is— in other words, find the density— and 
you know the fate of the universe. 

Density depends in part on what astron- 
omers call the distance scale. The easiest 
way to measure the distance to a star is 
called trigonometric parallax. Pure and 
simple geometry, trigonometric parallax is 
the most accurate of all the methods: Lo- 
cate the star against a background of other 
stars and measure its apparent movement 
after six months. Then, knowing the size 
of relevant angles and the distance from 
one side of Earth's orbit to the other, you 
can calculate the long arms of the triangle, 
the distance to the star. 



Other, less accurate methods of measur- 
ing distance are statistical. That is, they 
depend on observed relationships: The far- 
ther a star appears to travel in one year, the 
closer it is. For a variable star like those 
called Cepheids, the longer the period of 
variation, the more intrinsically bright it 
is. The fainter a star of known brightness, 
the farther it is. The more intrinsically 
bright a star, the more massive. The more 
massive, the bluer. 

Such relationships begin to look like a 
house of cards, all resting on the paral- 
laxes of a few nearby stars. "Parallax is 
the base of other measurements of dis- 
tance." says Alain Fresneau, instrument 
scientist for the Fine Guidance Sensors. 
"If you enlarge this base, you will im- 
prove everything." 

"For the moment," he says, "we have 
good parallaxes of stars in the vicinity of 
the sun. up to 50 parsecs." (That's roughly 
150 light years.) "With the Fine Guidance 
Sensors, it will be possible to go out to 
1,000 parsecs." That's accuracy to a dis- 
tance of 3,000 light years, to the arms of 
our galaxy. 

And it should be possible to go farther 
yet. The High Speed Photometer, Faint 
Object Camera, and Wide Field/Planetary 
Camera will refine measurements of stars' 
periods, brightness, masses, and colors. 
Researchers plan to check distances de- 
rived from these relationships ag Q 'nst dis- 
tances derived from parallaxes— making 
the distance scale accurate out as far as the 
great clusters of galaxies. 

Measuring distances is one step in mea- 
suring the universe's density; calculating 
its mass is another. To estimate mass, as- 
tronomers use the same sort of relation- 
ships used to estimate distance, but on a 
larger scale. They begin with what they 
know: a bright galaxy has more mass. The 
way a galaxy rotates reveals its mass. The 
motion of galaxies within clusters reveals 
how much mass is in the cluster. 

Yet when astronomers compare the 
amount of mass implied by brightness with 
the amount of mass implied by rotation or 
motion, they find discrepancies. Bright- 



X ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




Three ways of looking at 
an active galaxy and its 
small, exceptionally 
bright center: Radio 
spectroscopy of the large 
radio galaxy NGC 315 
(top) points out its 
mysterious jet with its two 
hot spots. The nucleus of 
M87, which also has a 
jet, is seen in the X-ray 
wavelength (middle). A 
ground-based, optical 
view of MSI (bottom) 
shows the nucleus as "an 
over-exposed blob." ST 
should resolve the dead 
center of that blob, a 
super-bright point that 
perhaps is the accretion 
disk of a black hole. 



ness, which counts only visible matter, 
gives a considerably lower mass than the 
other measures, which count all matter. 
Therefore, 80 to 90 percent of the uni- 
verse's matter must be dark— invisible. 
Astronomers call it the missing mass. 

"We know where some of the missing 
mass is," says Neta Bahcall, one of the 
Institute's few cosmologists. "It surrounds 
galaxies, it is found in the clusters of gal- 
axies, and even the bigger systems, the 
superclusters, contain it." The dark matter 
is evident only by its effects on the rotation 
and motions of galaxies. Looking around 
in the dark, Space Telescope will refine 
the measurements of mass it cannot see. 

So far, astronomers can only guess at 
what the total of that missing mass might 
be. Currently, the favorite theory points to 
elementary particles of matter with so little 
mass that they very seldom bind gravita- 
tionally— yet exist in such great numbers 
that their mass is a significant fraction of 
the mass of the universe. 

And then there's serendipity, quite liter- 
ally a project in the Institute's original pro- 
posal. "The most interesting things, by 
definition," explains Ralph Bohlin, "are 
the ones we haven't seen yet." So 15 per- 
cent of Space Telescope's observing time 
will be labelled Director's Discretionary 
Time. It is precious time left open in a 
tight schedule to investigate the inevitable 
surprises, the things no one expected. 

Anything else? 

"We will be able to ask questions which 
seem crazy, seem fanciful to ask," says 
Riccardo Giacconi. "The fundamental 
question, I think, is whether the universe 
is precisely the result of the intrinsic prop- 
erties of matter. Once you have the physi- 
cal laws and once you're given the first 
fluctuation, does it all follow? If, after the 
first instant, everything was driven by ne- 
cessity, then we want to understand that 
necessity. We are asking some of the most 
profound philosophical questions you can 
ask about the universe." 

Ann Finkbeiner is a Baltimore-based 
freelancer who writes on science. 



FEBRUARY 1984 XI 



R)bin Hood 

REVISED 

The legend of the merry outlaw began more than 
700 years ago* His history is vague but, 

says a British historian, 

one thing is clean Robin never robbed 

the rich to give to the poor* 



By James C. Holt 



Robin Hood is regarded by many, in- 
cluding some historians, as an arche- 
typal hero who successfully defied 
unjust authority— personified by the 
wicked sheriff of Nottingham— and 
righted the ills of society by robbing the 
rich and giving to the poor. His legend has 
survived for more than seven centuries, 
with some changes and adjustments cer- 
tainly, but with the essentials preserved: so 
far no film maker has armed Robin with a 
space-gun or dared to change the sheriff 
into a good cop. 

But where did the legend come from, 
and how much of it is true? The story has 
been told and retold so often, acquiring 
layer after layer of accretions catering to 
the tastes of each new generation. What do 
we really know about Robin Hood? 

The first known reference to Robin 
Hood occurs in a version of William 
Langland's Piers Ploughman, composed 
in 1377, in which Sloth is made to say: 

I do not well know my Paternoster as the 
priest sings it. 

But I know rhymes of Robin Hood and 
Randolph Earl of Chester. 
So far so good, but the question of origins 
remains, for plainly Langland's "rhymes" 
were already current. How old was the 
legend when he alluded to it and how was 
it transmitted? 

The first tales to survive in manuscript 
come from about 1450. Robin Hood and 



the Monk, found in a manuscript collection 
that includes a prayer against thieves and 
robbers, is a thriller, a story of treachery 
and revenge. Robin is betrayed to the sher- 
iff by a knavish monk and is then rescued 
from Nottingham Castle by Little John and 
the rest of the gang. Robin Hood and the 
Potter, part of a manuscript collection of 
romances and moralistic pieces probably 
written shortly after 1503, is by contrast 
almost a burlesque. Robin, after challeng- 
ing and fighting a traveling potter, takes 
the potter's dress and wares to inveigle his 
way into Nottingham Castle and lure the 
sheriff to the outlaw lair in Sherwood. 

The Gest of Robin Hood, most probably 
written in the 15th century, is a collection 
of the current tales of Robin Hood. It at- 
tracted the attention of early printers, and 
between the last years of the 1 5th century 
and the middle of the 16th century there 
appeared no less than five editions of this 
lengthy poem describing the deeds (gest) 
of Robin Hood. The Gest, a minstrel's se- 
rial to be recited at intervals, includes what 
is perhaps the earliest story of all, the tale 
of the impoverished knight. In this story, 
Robin assists a knight who has mortgaged 
his lands to the Abbot of St. Mary's York, 
by robbing the monks themselves to repay 
the loan. The Gest also includes the en- 
counter of the King and Robin in Sher- 
wood Forest and a summary tale of Rob- 
in's death at Kirklees. 



These early versions contain nothing of 
the legend that is taken for granted by 
20th-century readers. There is nothing of 
King Richard the Lionheart or of his ill- 
famed brother, Count John; the only king 
given a name is Edward "our comely 
king," which leaves a wide choice— by 
1327 there were three Edwards. 

There is no Maid Marian; she only came 
into the story about 1500, when it was al- 
ready centuries old. Robin is not of noble 
birth; that was a social gloss first applied 
in the 16th century and given color by fic- 
titious pedigrees of the 1 8th century which 
made him Earl of Huntingdon. In origin, 
Robin Hood is a simple yeoman. 

He did not lead the English resistance to 
the Normans; that element came into the 
legend in 1819, with Scott's Ivanhoe. He 
does not resist royal taxes; the only tax 
mentioned in the earliest tales is pavage, a 
tax imposed for the paving of market- 
places and the like. And Robin, far from 
resisting the tax, is trying to levy it. 

The earliest tales contain next to nothing 
of Robin's robbing the rich to give to the 
poor. That he was a "good outlaw" who 
"did poor men much good" was tacked on 
to one tale almost as an afterthought. 

"Robin Hood and Maid Marian in Their 
Bower," from Bold Robin Hood and His 
Outlaw Band, "penned and pictured by 
Louis Rhead" (Harper & Bros., c. 1912). 



XII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 













i \ 




FEBRUARY 1984 XIII 



The question of Robin 
Hood's origins remains, and 
there are several routes to an 
answer. One, of course, is to 
identify the "real" Robin 
Hood. The earliest candidate 
for the role is one Robert Hod, 
who was recorded as a fugitive 
before the King's justices at 
York in July 1225. The account 
recurred in the following year 
when the name appeared in the 
more colloquial form, Hobbe- 
hod. Unfortunately, the plea 
roll -which might have con- 
tained details of the charges 
against him has not survived. 
Only one thing is certain: Ro- 
bert Hod had fled the jurisdic- 
tion of the court. He was an 
outlaw. He is the only possible 
original of Robin Hood, so far 
discovered, who is known to 
have been an outlaw. Without 
more evidence, however, the 
matter is inconclusive. 

Another path is the study of 
literary analogues. This ap- 
proach links the legend with 
some of the knightly romances 
pfthe 13th century, particularly 
the tales of Fulk fitz Warm, a 
baron of the Welsh Marches 
who was an outlawed rebel 
against King John (1200-3), 
and of Eustace the Monk. This 
monk took to the woods in 
1203 against his lord, the 
Count of Boulogne, and ended his days as 
a soldier of fortune when he was defeated 
at the battle of Sandwich in 1217. Fulk and 
Eustace live their lives as outlaws in the 
forest, just as Robin Hood does. All show 
a remarkable prowess with arms. There is 
no one to resist them; they may be under- 
mined by treachery or overpowered by 
numbers but, if so, they gain release 
through skillful ruse and the base stupidity 
of their captors. Some of the analogous 
material must have been transmitted from 
one tale to another. 

Approaching the legend through its geo- 
graphic background links it with the great 
baronial estates of Pontefract, which en- 
compassed parts of both Lancashire and 
Yorkshire and through which the major 
roads north from London led. Barnsdale 
and Clitheroe were both Yorkshire proper- 
ties of the de Lacy family, lands which 
came to the earls of Lancaster through the 
marriage of Alice de Lacy to Thomas of 
Lancaster in 1292. The yeomen who 
served, and the minstrels who often stayed 




When "Robin Hood meeteth the tall 
Stranger on the Bridge" Little John 
dunks the outlaw. From The Merry 
Adventures of Robin Hood of Great 
Renown, illustrated by Howard Pyle. 

at, such households helped disseminate the 
legend throughout the Pontefract hold- 
ings—and beyond. 

Finally, there is the study of names: not 
place-names, for they mark the subsequent 
dissemination of the legend, but surnames 
in the form of "Robinhood" or some 
equivalent. The earliest example has long 
been thought to be Gilbert Robinhood, 
who appears in Fletching, Sussex, in 
1296. Other examples occur in London in 
the early 14th century. (There is no diffi- 
culty in understanding how the fame of the 
legendary outlaw might have been carried 
from Barnsdale in south Yorkshire down 
the Great North Road to the London tav- 
erns. In contrast, Fletching, to the south of 
London in Sussex, seems a far cry from 
Barnsdale: but not in terms of feudal prop- 
erty, for the lord of Fletching in 1296 was 



none other than Thomas of 
Lancaster, husband of Alice de 
Lacy of Pontefract.) 

Such evidence is admittedly 
wondrous thin and the logic 
finespun. After all, the name 
Hood was not uncommon; men 
called Robert Hood appear fre- 
quently enough in the existing 
records to preclude the snap 
identification of any one of 
them with the legendary out- 
law. But the combination Ro- 
binhood is extremely rare. 
Even so, all such surnames 
could simply be dismissed as 
straightforward patronymics. 
In the same vein, children of a 
Robert Hood could also be 
known as fitz Robert, or Ro- 
bertson, or Robinson, or Hud- 
son, or Hodson, or even just 
plain Hood. And, more com- 
monly, they were. In fact, Ro- 
binhood was a very rare form 
of surname, and so the hunch, 
the historian's sixth sense re- 
mains: The tales were suffi- 
ciently well known by the end 
of the 13th century to account 
for the adoption of a rather 
strange surname. 

The weight of the accumu- 
lated evidence indicates that the 
legend's central locus is Barns- 
dale. (Most probably, Notting- 
ham was later emphasized sim- 
ply because it was a larger, 
better- known town.) The first tales, like 
that of the knight in debt to the abbot, had a 
knightly flavor that seems suited to a 1 3th- 
century audience. And it is likely that 
the tales have at their base a real outlaw. 
An exciting new lead has recently been 
found by Dr. David Crook of the Public 
Record Office, London. Dr. Crook has 
now found yet another Robinhood sur- 
name (which is the subject of a note by 
him shortly to appear in English Historical 
Review). The name occurs in the Memo- 
randa Roll of the King's Remembrancer of 
1262, where the Prior of Sandleford, 
Berkshire, was pardoned a penalty im- 
posed on him for seizing the chattels of 
one William "Robehod," fugitive. 

That mention advances the earliest of 
such names by a matter of 34 years. And 
it has proved to be of much greater sig- 
nificance. For, by the luckiest chance of 
survival, the entry on the Memoranda Roll 
can be matched with an entry on the roll of 
the Justices in Eyre in Berkshire in 1261. 
The Eyre entry is an indictment of a crimi- 



XIV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



nal gang, both men and women, suspected 
of robberies and the receiving of robbers, 
who had fled the jurisdiction of the court 
and were outlawed. They included 
William, son of Robert le Fevere 
(Fevre = Smith), and there is no doubt, 
considering the precise details available, 
that this man and the William Robehod of 
the Memoranda Roll are one and the same. 

Quite simply, somewhere along the 
administrative chain between the Justices 
in Eyre and the Remembrancer in the 
Exchequer, one of the clerks— perhaps 
even the Remembrancer's clerk— changed 
the name. And what led the clerk to do so 
was the fact that William son of Robert 
was a member of an outlaw gang indicted 
for robbery. The outlaw became William 
Robehod. 

The clear inference is that the man who 
changed the name knew of the legend. 
And thus the earliest reference to Robin 
Hood as a legendary figure must now be 
taken to be not 1377 (Piers Ploughman), 
but 1261-2. In all senses, that is an enor- 
mous advance. 

This discovery by Dr. Crook demon- 
strates beyond serious doubt that Robin 
Hood surnames did indeed derive from the 
legend, rather than the reverse. But its im- 
portance stretches far beyond that. First, 
the new discovery imposes strict limits on 
the search for a historical Robin: All can- 
didates later than 1261-2 can now be 
firmly eliminated. Much Robin Hood 
scholarship concerned with es- 
tablishing him in south York- 
shire in the 1320s must now be 
jettisoned. Robert Hod, fugi- 
tive of the York justices in 
1225, now has a clearer field; 
indeed, the nickname that he 
was given on the rolls in 1226, 
"Hobbehod," may well reflect 
the emergence of the legend. 

Old, well-known evidence, 
which has been played down in 
recent years, suddenly looks re- 
freshed. The Scottish historian 
John Major, writing in 1521, 
believed that Robin Hood and 
Little John were active in 
1193-4. A tomb with epitaph 
that survived at Kirklees in the 
late 17th century recorded that 
Robin died in 1247. The per- 
sistence with which these and 
other sources associated Robin 
with the late 12th and early 
13th centuries is now explica- 
ble. John Major was probably 
right, and many modern 
scholars are proved wrong. 



A second consequence of Dr. Crook's 
discovery will be more difficult to assess. 
Until now literary scholars, relying on 
1377 as a rough point of origin for the 
legend, have assumed very reasonably that 
the analogues that the tales of Robin share 
with the knightly romances of the 13th 
century arose in the earlier knightly ro- 
mances of Fulk fitz Warin and Eustace the 
Monk and spread to the later yeoman bal- 
lads of Robin Hood. It now appears that 
romances and ballads all took shape at one 
and the same time; it is easier to under- 
stand how they came to share material, but 
it can no longer be so certain which was 
the source and which the recipient. The 
earlier the Robin Hood legend is pressed, 
the more original it is likely to be. 

A third consequence is even more im- 
portant. If any real Robin Hood existed, it 
was thought, he had to exist before 1377, 
the Piers Ploughman reference. Early 
manuscript tales of Robin appearing 
around 1450 then made sense, because it 
seemed reasonable that a story should take 
50-odd years to move from fireside tale 
into written form. But an interval stretch- 
ing back from c. 1450 to before 1261-2 is a 
much more serious gap. The inference is 
that the stories known in 1261-2 by the 
clerk who called the outlaw William son 

Perhaps the earliest tale of all: "Merry 

Robin Stops a Sorrowful Knight." The 

Howard Pyle illustration appears in the 

1925 edition published by Scribner's. 




of Robert "Robehod" were probably very 
different from the diversified tales which 
appear in written verse from the middle of 
the 15th century. 

What went on in the intervening years? 
There are only a few indications of what 
the Robin Hood stories contained at any 
particular point. In 1432, for instance, the 
clerk of the sheriff of Wiltshire concocted 
an acrostic in his parliamentary return for 
the county that associates "Reynold" with 
Robin's gang: From that clue, it seems 
certain that the clerk knew the tale in 
which Little John assumed the alias of 
Reynold Greenleaf— or that he knew some 
similar yam. The tale of the King's visit to 
Sherwood is plainly based on the progress 
of Edward II through the northern counties 
in 1323; therefore it cannot have been em- 
bodied in the legend before that date. Be- 
sides those two reasonably fixed points, it 
is possible to say that some elements in the 
legend— such as the tale of the Knight and 
the Abbot of St. Mary's, with its connec- 
tions to Bamsdale, where the tales are 
thought to have begun— are likely to have 
been earlier, others later. And that at 
present is all we can say. 

Within this long period of gestation 
there are continuous, consistent themes. In 
1261-2 the legend was known to a clerk at 
work most probably in the Exchequer— in 
our parlance, the clerk was a civil servant. 
So the legend was circulating at that social 
level. What triggered the clerk's con- 
sciousness was not a tale of 
some heroic medieval proto- 
type of Che Guevara but the 
record of a gang of outlawed 
criminals: robbers and receiv- 
ers of robbers. The same state- 
ments can be made about the 
references to Robin in the late 
14th and 15th century. Such 
references come mostly from a 
middling social level and they 
are largely derogatory. (The 
sheriff's clerk in Wiltshire in 
1432 is apparently the first to 
describe Robin as a good man. 
He included in his acrostic the 
phrase, "Good man was hee.") 
The story's origins are inter- 
mingled with the aristocratic 
and gentle household; the geo- 
graphic detail both in the tales' 
content and in the distribution 
of personal names suggests that 
one great household, that of 
Lacy/Lancaster, played a role 
that is still reflected in the evi- 
dence. The legend's heroes are 
yeomen— middling household 



FEBRUARY 1984 XV 



officers, youths at the begin- 
ning of their careers. The tales 
are remarkable for the absence 
of sex, family, and family 
property. They were retailed by 
minstrels who passed through, 
or who were permanently em- 
ployed by, the household. 

And that is how the legend 
spread and changed. Such 
households were itinerant. 
Yeomen in particular ranged 
afar as archer-bodyguards, 
messengers, sometimes as for- 
esters and huntsmen. Min- 
strels, above all, traveled, per- 
forming not only before 
noblemen and gentry but also 
before bishops, in monasteries, 
and especially in the market- 
place; anywhere, indeed, with 
a sufficient audience to suggest 
the possibility of reward. The 
legend's resulting diversifica- 
tion was already apparent in the 
first surviving tales. There are 
scenes in Robin Hood and the 
Potter, for example, that would 
have made the most sense, and 
perhaps had the most immedi- 
ate appeal, to the folk of Nottingham. 

By the middle of the 14th century, 
Robin seems to have been invading popu- 
lar iconography. The sculptures in the 
north aisle of Beverly Minster (c. 1340), 
which celebrate the Beverly Guild of Min- 
strels, include a spandrel carving of a re- 
markably convincing longbowman. Fur- 
thermore, one of the misericords (c. 1430) 
in St. Mary's Beverly, which was the 
Guild's church, has been taken by some to 
represent Robin Hood and the King. 

The most important development of all 
was that the legend overflowed the bounds 
of minstrelsy and invaded both folk festi- 
val and theater. Much new light was shed 
on this development by David Wiles's The 
Early Plays of Robin Hood (Boydell and 
Brewer, 1981). Indeed, Wiles is disposed 
to argue that in the developing tradition, 
the plays were primary and the ballads sec- 
ondary. This is unlikely to be accepted. 
Still, Wiles rightly draws attention to the 
fact that the first recorded performance of 
a Robin Hood play took place before the 
Mayor of Exeter as early as 1427. 

Certainly within 50 years or so 6f that 
date came a theatrical development that in- 
volved Robin Hood in the May Festival, 
first as a participant in the May Games and 
ultimately as King of May. It was in this 
last development, in my view, that Robin 
at last— near the start of the 16th century— 




"Robin Shooteth his Last Shaft;' by 

Pyle. ". . . and sett . . . mine arrowes at 

myfeete" says Robin in the Gest. 

acquired the reputation of robbing the rich 
to give to the poor. 

The celebration of the Spring Festival 
is, of course, very ancient. In medieval 
England it began with youths and maidens 
returning from the woods at dawn on the 
first May morning, adorned with sprigs, 
branches, and flowers. As they processed, 
they decorated houses and sought payment 
for their display. This collection, "gather- 
ing," or quete was an almost inevitable 
concomitant of such processions. 

Now, what could be more natural than 
that the most famous human denizen of the 
greenwood should accompany the youth 
on their return? And what more suitable 
role was there for the most successful of 
all robbers than that he should be put to the 
charitable purpose of conducting the 
quete? For that is plainly what Robin did. 

Robin Hood's gatherings, which begin 
to appear in local records before the end of 
the 15th century, are not riotous assem- 
blies of men but charitable collections of 
money. In some southern townships, espe- 
cially at Reading and Kingston upon 
Thames, these celebrations were con- 
trolled by the church wardens and are re- 
corded in their accounts. At Kingston, the 
wardens provided for the expense of the 



display: Kendal (green) cloth 
for Robin, Little John, and 
Maid Marian, white cloth 'tor 
the Friar, and other items. The 
wardens received sums from 
the gathering. 

And, perhaps most signifi- 
cant of all, the wardens ac- 
counted for expenditures on 
items that indicate how the 
gathering was done and how 
many contributions were ex- 
pected: in 1506, 4s. 2d. to John 
Painter, who supplied 1,000 
"liveries" or badges, 3s. 8d. to 
William Plott, who supplied 
1,200 "liveries and 40 great," 
and lOd. to the same for 2,500 
pins. Robin had become the 
central figure in a flag-day. 

A flag-day is an occasion, 
now almost peculiar to Britain, 
in which ladies of charitable in- 
stincts conduct well-organized 
collections by selling lapel 
flags or badges— in aid of 
wounded veterans before Re- 
membrance Sunday (when the 
badge is a Flanders poppy), or 
for the national Life-Boat Ser- 
vice, or for national societies for the pro- 
tection of children or the support of oi- 
phans. 

Robin collected from those who had 
money to give and accounted for his col- 
lection to those who administered the char- 
itable funds of the parish. Thus he took 
from the rich to give to the poor. 

This could have happened by a kind of 
easy elision of associations. Or it could 
equally have been the brainstorm of some 
long-forgotten church warden who envis- 
aged exploiting Robin's reputation for 
charity. At all events, it left an enduring 
mark on Robin's reputation. 

Something else also endured. At Kings- 
ton in 1506 the contributor bought a pin or 
livery great or small. The livery was a sign 
that he had joined Robin's mesne, band, or 
company. Those who buy their flags on 
similar charitable occasions today rarely 
reflect that they identify themselves with a 
mark that originated as a feudal livery— or 
with an outlaw hero. 

James C. Holt is the author of Robin 
Hood (Thames and Hudson, 1982). Pro- 
fessor of medieval history at the University 
of Cambridge , where he is also master of 
Fitzwilliam College, Holt is president of 
the Royal Historical Society. He first be- 
came interested in Robin Hood when he 
taught at the University of Nottingham. 



XVI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



There 
Are Jobs 
Out There 

But finding them 
may take more than 
a degree, say five 
young alumni. 

By Ruth Trask 

The theme of WPFs recent annual 
Placement Seminar was ominous 
enough: "The Student Hits Hard Times." 
But alumni Judy Nitsch. '75. Phil Cam- 
eron, '79, Fred Rucker, '81, Jack Zorabe- 
dian, '72, and Michael Graham, '74, told 
an understandably attentive audience of 
WPI seniors that there are indeed ways to 
succeed in a tough job market. 

First came a humorous "Star Wars" 
slide show depicting do's and don'ts for 
job seekers, given by recruiter Frank Con- 
soli of Procter & Gamble. Then Dr. Spen- 
cer Potter, placement director at Clark 
University, moderated the main event: the 
alumni panel discussion, arranged by Bill 
Trask. WPI's director of graduate and ca- 
reer plans. 

Fred Rucker, '81 ME, a manager in the 
equipment engineering department for 
AT&T Long Lines, advised the seniors, 
"Know the company you're interested in. 
Know yourself. Sell yourself. Be honest 
enough to let the recruiter know that you 
want to succeed— that you want to earn 
money. Don't say something vague about 
wanting to work with people." 

When Rucker started with AT&T, he 
worked in operations. Subsequently, he 
held an engineering and management post. 
He is now moving into a corporate person- 
nel position in New Jersey, where he will 
employ his general management skills. 

"1 used three different resumes as a sen- 
ior," said Phil Cameron, '79 CE. a senior 
project engineer at Clairol. "I wanted to 
keep my options open." First, he asked 
himself, "What kind of company would 
use a civil engineer? How could I fit in?" 

Cameron not only was interested in 
hearing the recruiters' questions, but also 




Frederick Rucker, '81 ME, and Michael Graham, '74 MG, responding to questions at a 
recent recruiting workshop on campus. 



turned the tables. "1 asked them about 
their experiences with the company." 

He admits it may seem odd that a CE 
works for Clairol, but he found what he 
wanted at Clairol in general management. 
Initially a project engineer concerned with 
new products, he later became an on-line 
supervisor in packaging and worked in in- 
dustrial engineering. 

"By the time I returned in April from 
my senior semester in London." Judy 
Nitsch, '75 CE, said, "the recruiters were 
gone. I contacted companies on my own." 

One company she wrote was Schofield 
Brothers, Inc., Consulting Engineers and 
Land Surveyors in Framingham, MA. "A 
WPI graduate hired me as a project engi- 
neer." Within three years she was named 
vice president of a Schofield division. 
Freeman Engineering Co., in Attleboro. 
In 1982 she joined Allen & Demurjian, 
Inc., Consulting Engineers. Architects 
and Land Surveyors, Boston, which re- 
cently promoted her to vice president. 

Nitsch emphasized that small compa- 
nies, like Schofield and Allen & Demur- 
jian, should not be overlooked. "They're 
easy to check out and they may give you 
job offers sooner than larger ones! " 

Michael Graham, '74, has a BS in man- 
agement engineering from WPI and an 
MBA from RPI. "But I didn't go directly 
from WPI to RPI." he reported. "I feel it's 
a mistake to start on your MBA as soon as 
you graduate. Get some professional expe- 
rience first." 

Like Judy Nitsch. Graham believes that 
small companies have much to offer, in- 



cluding "the chance for rapid advance- 
ment." In 1974. he joined Albany Interna- 
tional, a high-tech fabric company, rising 
quickly through the ranks. 

In 1980. he became affiliated with 
Bausch & Lomb, a manufacturer of con- 
tact lenses, ophthalmic products and scien- 
tific instruments. At 31, he is a corporate 
director of compensation and benefits. 

He's now also studying evenings for his 
PhD in industrial and organizational psy- 
chology at RPI. "Working full time and 
studying part time has been a successful 
formula forme." 

"You may not stick with your first job 
for life," said panelist Jack Zorabedian, 
'72, a chemical engineer and quality assur- 
ance manager for new products at Digital 
Equipment Corporation. "While you're 
with your first company, get all the experi- 
ence you can." 

Zorabedian stressed that mechanical and 
chemical engineers should not be afraid to 
look at nontraditional companies for jobs. 
High-tech firms hire MEs. he said, for 
cabinetry and boxing, and chemical engi- 
neers for the manufacture of circuit boards 
and coatings. "As a matter of fact." he 
continued, "there's less competition for 
chemical-engineering applicants at high- 
tech firms than at chemically oriented 
companies." 

Jack urged the seniors to highlight their 
achievements on their resumes. "If you've 
had a summer job, co-op or project experi- 
ence, say so," he said. "Show the com- 
pany that you have a record of getting 
things done. It's vital to your job search." 



FEBRUARY 1984 ^ 



Riding the 
Space Shuttle 

Student projects will really get off the ground 
soon, with a little help from a friend. 



Space, says Robert Labonte, '54 EE, 
"for all its allure, its mystique, its 
potential for enriching the human en- 
deavor, remains a pretty unneighborly 
place for the engineer." 

Labonte is Associate Department Head 
for Systems Architecture at MITRE Cor- 
poration, a nonprofit, government-sup- 
ported firm that performs systems engi- 
neering work. Entering and using 
space— perhaps our most foreign and dis- 
tant of research laboratories— present un- 
precedented challenges, he says. In that 
grand and weightless void, up is down and 
down is up. Yet, as we know, space can 
provide many conditions ideal for devel- 
oping and testing advanced industrial, ag- 
ricultural, medical and other technologies. 

Sometime in 1985, NASA's Space Shut- 
tle will once more thunder aloft, ferrying a 
precious payload of experiments adapted 
especially to the rigors of space flight. 

Nestled near the center of its huge, 60- 
foot-long cargo bay will be a five-cubic- 
foot canister. Its 200-pound cargo will 
consist of five experiments designed, built 
and tested not by industrial engineers or 
government scientists, but by some of 
WPI's most creative and adventurous un- 
dergraduates. The sponsoring role of 
MITRE in this enterprise is vital to the 
project's success. Labonte's part in the 
program has been indispensable. 



One of these self-contained experiments 
will be a solid-state multispectral Earth- 
imaging system— in lay terms, a sophisti- 
cated device to be used in observing and 
recording from space such earthbound 
phenomena as agricultural problems, 
weather patterns, earthquake activity and 
mineral deposits. 

This project is the work of junior Gerard 
Earabino of Syracuse, NY, and seniors 
David Dymek of Fitchburg, MA, Fred- 
erick Gummow of Middlebury, MA, Peter 
Schibly of Green Bay, WI, and Eric Thune 
of Brooklyn, NY. 

"Where the technology of our imager 
departs from that of conventional sys- 
tems," says Thune, "is in how images are 
recorded." Virtually every satellite imager 
ever developed, he says, has relied on ei- 
ther film or an electrical or electromechan- 
ical scanning system. Military reconnais- 
sance satellites, for example, often use a 
film canister which, when fully exposed, 
is jettisoned back to Earth to be retrieved 
and developed. 

WPI's solid-state "camera," says team- 
mate Dymek, has just three moving parts, 
needs little power and is less likely to 
break down under the tremendous vibra- 
tions of blastoff and re-entry from space. 
It's also smaller and lighter than its 
mechanical counterparts, weighing just 
18 pounds. 




Students Eric Thune (left), Gerard Eara- 
bino, Peter Schibley and David Dymek 
work on an Earth-imaging system. At 
right. Prof. Fred Looft (seated) and 
Robert Labonte want to place five student 
projects on a Space Shuttle mission. 

The MITRE-WPI-Space Shuttle proj- 
ects are part of NASA's Small Self-Con- 
tained Payloads program— best known as 
the Get Away Special (GAS). Professor 
Fred Looft, EE, heads the WPI program, 
which has come to be called the GAS- 
CAN(ister) Project. 

Looft is as exacting a chief adviser to 
the 40 GASCAN project students as he is 
an administrator. "Working with NASA," 
he says, "you have to be. My job and that 
of the 17 or so other faculty advisors is to 
ensure the highest possible quality in each 
experiment while staying within budget 
and on schedule." It's a real challenge, but 
Looft seems to have the right stuff for the 
job: he has twice been an applicant for one 
of the most exclusive fraternities of all— a 
NASA flight team. "I may give it one 
more try," says the fit, bearded Looft. 

Construction of the Earth imager began 
in October 1983. By spring, says Looft, a 



34 WPI JOURNAL 




working prototype will be completed. At 
that time, like other GASCAN projects, it 
will be turned over to a new project team, 
who will develop the imaging system that 
will actually go aboard the Shuttle. 

Says Labonte of MITRE, "Teamwork is 
the key here. MITRE is providing finan- 
cial and professional support; the students 
work over several years to put a working 
system into space. 

"At MITRE, we're interested in study- 



ing all of the operations involved in devel- 
oping, launching and retrieving experi- 
mental packages using NASA space 
vehicles." The company, he adds, is also 
committed to providing students opportu- 
nities for professional-level work in this 
area. "We simply saw a fit between our 
objectives and those of WPI when we of- 
fered to donate the canister and our techni- 
cal advice for student research." 
Says Looft, "These projects are for real. 



They call on students to prepare and de- 
fend proposals, meet strict schedules, inte- 
grate system elements and honor cost 
guidelines." 

In all, 11 projects have been selected for 
further work. Eight are actual experi- 
ments, such as one to determine whether a 
gravity-free environment promotes the 
growth of large zeolite crystals. Another 
will develop a mechanical method for gen- 
erating energy in space, using a non-chem- 
ical, non-photovoltaic method. 

The remaining three projects will pro- 
vide support for the technical experiments. 
One will develop and integrate a structure 
within the canister to support the five ex- 
periments—no trivial undertaking itself. 
Another team is publishing biannually the 
Get Away Special Journal, to keep all con- 
cerned parties well informed of the pro- 
gram's progress. The journal is especially 
vital since several successive teams will 
work on each project. 

"We've encouraged projects that are not 
simply repeats of previous space experi- 
ments," says Looft. "These students, 
some of our best, must develop and test 
prototypes, build the space flight hard- 
ware, integrate the experiments into the 
GAS canister, launch, monitor and recover 
the packages, and finally analyze post- 
flight data. You begin to understand why 
this is a multi-year program." 

"You might ask," says Labonte, 
"whether engineering students are capable 
of proposing, designing and developing 
equipment that can withstand the rigors of 
space flight and meet NASA safety and 
design standards. We would say emphati- 
cally, YES!" 

Adds Looft, "Although faculty dedica- 
tion is vital, we're not saying that, when a 
problem occurs, a faculty member will 
step in to solve it. We try to help students 
envision answers to difficult problems and 
broaden their perspectives— by bringing 
science, for example, into engineering. 
But the experimental protocols have been 
proposed by, and will be developed and 
implemented by, the students, not the 
staff." 



FEBRUARY 1984 35 



WPI CLASS NOTES 



\\ PI Alumni Association 

President, Harry W. Tenney. '56 
Senior Vice President. 

Donald E. Ross. '54 
Vice President, 

Paul W. Bayliss. '60 
Secretary-Treasurer, 

Stephen J. Hebert, '66 
Past President, Peter H. Horstmann, 



'55 



Executive Committee 

Members-at-Large 

Henry P. Allessio, '61; Walter J. Bank. '46: 

William J. Firla. Jr., '60; 

JohnM. McHugh, '56 

Fund Board 

Gerald Finkle, '57, Chair 

Allen H. Levesque. '59, Vice Chair 

Edwin B. Coghlin. Jr., '56 

Richard A. Davis, '53 

Gerald T. Dyer, '56 

C John Lindegren. Jr., '39 

Philip H. Puddington. '59 

George P. Strom. '56 



1916 



J. Arthur Blair is currently residing in a Lu- 
theran retirement home in Anaheim, CA. He 
says, "The weather is wonderful here. Ten 
times better than in Florida!" One of his sons 
lives nearby, and a secretary comes in twice 
a week to type his letters. Prior to retirement, 
he worked 42 years for Campbell Soup Co., 
Camden, NJ. 

Carl Burgess writes that he still drives his 
car. Also, he "plays an adequate game of 
bridge and reads almost anything that is avail- 
able in print." In 1964 he retired from the 
Northern Pacific Railway after nearly 48 years. 
He prefers the "harsh" Minnesota winters 
among his friends, rather than traveling to 
warmer climates. 

Leslie Chaffee, of Tacoma, WA, who spent 
his career with the family lumber and wooden 
box business, Chaffee Brothers Company, Ox- 
ford, MA, is happy that he retired "in this glori- 
ous Northwest with its wondrous mountains." 
He is a past president of the National Wooden 
Box Association. Once active in town and 
church affairs in Oxford, he is a former vice 
president of the Webster National Bank. In 
Washington he has been a SCORE counselor 
for the Small Business Administration, a church 



trustee and an active member of the Tacoma 
Engineers Club. 

Tom Delaney says that he's been in good 
health generally but resents getting tired 
when he tries to do physical work. He had a 
slight stroke recently but he reports that now 
"it seems to be licked." Delaney resides in 
Branford, CT. 

Ray Gambarano has a number of hobbies: 
acrylic painting, and making furniture, bird- 
houses and feeders, as well as clocks of all 
types. Through his hobbies, he has been fea- 
tured in the local newspaper and on TV. In 1928 
he manufactured some of his inventions in the 
automotive field in his own firm. Rico Mfg. 
Co. In World War II the company started doing 
tool and machine work, and the firm's name 
became Rico Machine Co. Ray invented, de- 
signed and built several types of machines. He 
sold the company in 1950. 

Roland Home retired in 1948 after 32 years 
in the U.S. Coast Guard and Geodetic Survey, 
now a part of NOAA. From 1949 until 1964, 
he taught engineering subjects at Los Angeles 
City College, where he "wound up as associate 
professor." The Homes reside in Auburn, MA. 

In 1957, after 41 years of service. Merle 
Phipps retired from Fiske Carter Construction 
Co. During his career he helped construct many 
buildings in Massachusetts as well as in the 
South, including schools, churches and cotton 
mills. Since retirement he has been enjoying "a 
little hunting and fishing." 

C. LeRoy Storms, Class Secretary 



1924 



Reunion 



1927 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



"Ted" Lewis, father of the annual Shrine Ma- 
ple Sugar Bowl football game between New 
Hampshire and Vermont, served as one of the 
honorary grand marshals in the pre-game 
Shrine parade held on Aug. 13th. Back in 1954, 
when Ted was Potentate of the New Hampshire 
Shrine, he thought up the bowl idea as a vehicle 
for raising money for crippled and burned chil- 
dren. Since that time, about $2 million has been 
raised for the Shriners Hospitals for Crippled 
and Burned Children from the annual rivalry. 



1929 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



1930 



David Bragg, a retired 35-year employee of the 
Foxboro Co., was recognized as a 50-year 
member of the ASME at the October meeting 
of the Boston section of the society. Bragg spent 
most of his Foxboro career with the research 
department. He is the co-holder of one patent. 

On July 14th. Ed Delano placed first in the 
men's 75-79 age group in the U.S. Cycling 
Federation National Time Trial Championships 
held in Tallahassee, FL. Says Ed, "I beat eight 
riders out of 1 16 who were 30 and above; six 
riders out of ten, 60 and above; and four riders 
out of five, 70 and above." 

Catherine and John Lampron, Jr., of West 
Springfield, MA, observed their 50th wedding 
anniversary on Oct. 12. 1983, with their two 
daughters, sons-in-law and five grandchildren 
on hand for the celebration. John, who is recu- 
perating from a serious illness, would enjoy 
hearing from his classmates. 

George Perreault is now living at a nursing 
home in Greenwich, CT. He and his wife, 
Dorothy, have one grandson and four grand- 
daughters. 

Carl Backstrom, Class Secretary 



1934 



Reunion 



1936 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Ham Gurnham reports that the group of Sig 
Eps who started a chain letter 44 years ago are 
still corresponding and now meeting regularly. 
After 40 years of correspondence, the group 
met in 1980 in Williamsburg, VA; in 1981 in 
Bermuda; in 1982 in Myrtle Beach, SC; and in 
1983 in Charleston, SC. "In June of 1985 we 
plan to meet in Mystic, CT, immediately fol- 
lowing reunion weekend," he says. Included in 
the "Round Robin" group are Dick Howes, 
who thought up the idea in 1940, Harry An- 
derson, Perry Clark, Harold Whitman, Len 
Humphrey, '35, Dick Merriam, '35 and 
Herb Gale, 34. 



1939 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Arthur Mallon, a retired senior staff engineer 
from the EPA, has received a life membership 



36 WPI JOURNAL 



in the National Society of Professional Engi- 
neers. 



1940 



Robert Hewey, a member of the Bridgeport 
(CT) chapter of the Service Corps of Retired 
Executives (SCORE), is helping to set up a 
SCORE walk-in branch in the Danbury area 
that might serve as a starter for a local chapter. 
He attended the Harvard Advanced Manage- 
ment Program and has had extensive experience 
in manufacturing and technical operations with 
the Berol Corp. in Danbury, Curtiss Wright and 
Singer. Before retirement he was vice president 
of manufacturing for the Sprague Meter Divi- 
sion of Textron, Inc. 



1942 



The Newington (CT) Town Council recently 
adopted a resolution honoring E. Curtis Am- 
bler, who has retired from town politics. He 
had served 10 years on the council, 12 years on 
the town planning and zoning commission and 
35 years with the Newington Volunteer Fire 
Department. 



1943 



In September, Leonard Hershoff retired from 
IBM in Kingston, NY, and moved from Lake 
Katrine to the Greenbriar I retirement develop- 
ment in Brick, NJ. 



1944 



Reunion 



1946 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Currently, Bernard Beisecker is director of 
manufacturing for Industrial Fasteners on Long 
Island, NY. 



1947 



George Bernard, Jr., is president of Magnat 
Corp. of Easthampton and Florence, MA, 
which has developed and is marketing a newly 
engineered belt dewatering press called the 
"HX> Express." The machine is specifically de- 
signed for removing water from any paper 
sludge/slurry. 



1948 



Allen Mintz reports that his wife. Ruby, and 
son, Howard, won low net and were one off for 
low gross (among many) at the WGAM 
Mother-Son Tourney held at Pembroke (MA) 
Country Club in August. 
Romeo J. Ventres has been elected an exec- 



utive vice president of Borden, as well as presi- 
dent of the chemical division. He also was 
named a member of the office of the chairman. 
Previously, he was a group vice president of the 
chemical division, responsible for adhesives, 
energy resources and Canadian chemical opera- 
tions. Starting with the division in 1957 as a 
project engineer, he was subsequently advanced 
to general manager of thermoplastic operations 
and vice president of the division. Before join- 
ing Borden, he was employed as an oil-industry 
engineer in the Middle East and by Atlantic 
Refining Co. in the U.S. 



1949 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Elzear Lemieux, a consultant for the M.W. 
Kellogg Co., Houston, TX, wrote "Data for 
Tower Baffle Design," which appeared in the 
September issue of the magazine Hydrocarbon 
Processing. He started with Kellogg in 1950 
•and has had numerous engineering and supervi- 
sory assignments. He holds BS and MS degrees 
in chemical engineering from WPI and a BA 
from Assumption. A licensed professional en- 
gineer in New York and Texas, he is also a 
member of the AIChE and Sigma Xi. 

Sidney Madwed is with Attitude Developers 
and Consultants in Bridgeport, CT. 



1950 



Tejinder Singh, general manager of Bharat Pe- 
troleum Corp., Ltd., Bombay, India, visited 
WPI last summer while on a three-month trip 
around the world. 



1952 



Dick Bennett has been named a new account 
executive in the Palm Beach (FL) office of Ri- 
chardson Greenshields Securities, the U.S. af- 
filiate of one of Canada's largest brokerage 
firms. Following a career as a civil engineer 
working on pipeline and turnpike construction, 
Dick began as an investment professional in 
1966. He spent five years with the Florida firm 
of Alan Bush. 



1953 



Currently, George Crozier serves as director 
of projects and vice president of Monsanto En- 
viro-Chem Systems and as president of Leonard 
Construction Company, both wholly owned 
subsidiaries of Monsanto. It was incorrectly re- 
ported in the August Journal that he was a vice 
president of Monsanto. 

George Saltus has been elected to the board 
of trustees at WPI. He is a director at AT&T 
Information Systems Engineering for design 
and development at the company's Denver 
(CO) laboratory. He also serves as director of 
the Customer Switching Laboratory. With Bell 
since 1953, George has been involved with the 
design of switching systems, satellite control 



and missile control systems. He holds seven 
patents on military computer circuits, electronic 
key telephone systems and Picturephone key 
telephone systems. 



1954 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Sahl Kabbani, a Saudi Arabian businessman, 
serves on the board of directors of a Muslim 
educational and religious organization, Dar al- 
Islam, located in Abiquiu, NM. The focal point 
of the 20-family colony is a mosque built of 
clay, mud, straw and adobe bricks, the only 
rural Muslim mosque in the U.S. 

Following many years as president of his own 
firm, Wesley Wheeler has rejoined J.J. Henry 
Co., Inc., as vice president. The Henry organi- 
zation is one of the world's largest firms of 
naval architects, marine engineers and consul- 
tants. Wheeler's most recent activities include 
preliminary design, plan approval, construction 
supervision, vessel operations and marine 
marketing. 



1956 



Robert Baer is president of M&M Services in 
Woodland, CO. He has his MBA from UCLA. 



1958 



Donald Abraham, a project engineer for Na- 
val Underwater Systems Center in New Lon- 
don, CT, holds a patent on a volume reverbera- 
tion profiler. 

Richard Lisbon continues as director of 
planning at Virginia Commonwealth University 
in Richmond. 



1959 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



MARRIED: Winthrop Wassenar and Kathy 
McNally on June 4, 1983. She is assistant pro- 
fessor of economics at Williams College, Wil- 
liamstown, MA. Last year, he became director 
of the physical plant at Williams, where he's 
been employed for 18 years. Wassenar, who 
has a son and a daughter, likes golf, squash and 
gardening. 

Bob Berg, president of Wesley Corporation, 
Scottdale, GA, writes that he is on three civic 
boards of directors. His daughter, Kimberly, 
graduated with high honors from WPI in June, 
after only three and a half years. His son, Eric, 
is now at Vanderbilt Graduate Divinity College. 

Currently, Dr. Dave Evensen is head of a 
structural analysis section at Hughes Aircraft, 
El Segundo, CA. Daughter Karen is a computer 
scientist with Hughes in Irvine; son Craig is an 
electrical computer engineering major at UC, 
Santa Barbara; and Suzanne attends UC, Santa 
Cruz. His wife, Joanne, is a teacher. Last Octo- 
ber Dave, who has taught at UCLA and USC, 
presented a national short course on "Applied 



FEBRUARY 1984 37 



Structural Dynamics" in both the L.A. and 
Washington. DC. areas. 

Bill Farnsworth continues as a plant super- 
intendent with Du Pont in Victoria, TX. He 
writes, "Hobbies are golf, genealogy and rais- 
ing three boys." 

Kent Healy is now operating a one-man con- 
sulting office on Martha's Vineyard. He will 
continue developing prefabricated subsurface 
drains, on which he holds a joint patent with 
Mirafi. Inc. Previously he was a CE professor 
at the University of Connecticut for 19 years. 

For the past four years. Bob Hoag has been 
manufacturing manager for Rosenthal Technik, 
Inc., Providence, RI. The product line includes 
technical ceramic packages and substrates for 
the electronics industry. The Hoags live in At- 
lleboro, MA, and have two children. Bob says 
he's retired from any serious basketball but en- 
joys jogging and golf. 

Tom Humphrey has been teaching, re- 
searching, writing and consulting with MIT's 
Center for Transportation Studies for nearly 
five years. One daughter just graduated from 
UMass; another graduated from the Fashion In- 
stitute of Technology in NYC and works for 
designer Ralph Lauren; and his son recently 
graduated from high school. The family likes to 
travel, ski and sail. 

Larry Lavallee has started a new job as a 
principal engineer in the radar systems division 
of Raytheon's Equipment Development Labs in 
Way land, MA. He and his family returned from 
Kwajalein Missile Range last summer, where 



he had been a radar systems engineer with the 
RCA missile and surface radar division. He 
says they will miss island life, including scuba 
diving, sailing, karate, etc. 

Last year. Bob Massad traveled to West Ger- 
many and Mexico City on business. "Actually I 
spend a lot of time traveling throughout the 
U.S. and Canada, too," he says. He has been a 
senior product engineer for Diamond Products. 
Bay State Abrasives (Dresser Industries) since 
1968. He says he always travels with his golf 
shoes! 

Win Priem serves as managing director of 
the National Financial Services Search Divi- 
sion, as well as senior officer of Korn/Ferry 
International, New York City. Prior to joining 
the firm in 1976, he was regional director of the 
U.S. Small Business Administration for the 
Northeast and had been vice president in the 
national division of Marine Midland Bank. He 
has an MBA from Babson and is an alumnus of 
the Program for Management Development at 
Harvard Business School. 

Currently, Bill Saimond is manager of logis- 
tics operations for the orbiter fuel cell power 
plant group at the power systems division of 
UTC (formerly Pratt & Whitney Aircraft). 
From 1969 until 1973 he was a member of the 
Apollo launch team in Rockwell International's 
fuel cell/cryogenic group. He, his wife, 
Theresa, and three children reside on a three- 
acre gentleman's farm in Collinsville, CT. 

Morgan Whitney runs the Lansdale (PA) 
plant that is building Ford Motor Company's 



Burton: Cornell 
Engineering College 
Developer Retires 

Last summer, Malcolm Burton, '40 ME, 
one of the foremost developers of the Col- 
lege of Engineering at Cornell University, 
retired as professor emeritus. He had been 
with the college for 37 years. 

When Burton arrived at Cornell the En- 
gineering Quad was the site of temporary 
barracks. "Olin Hall, where I first taught 
as a member of the chemical and metallur- 
gical engineering faculty, was the only 
completed building of the projected mod- 
ern engineering campus," he recalls. 

He helped plan Bard Hall, built in 1963 
to house what is now the Department of 
Materials Science and Engineering. 

While with the college administration. 
Burton was head of the Division of Basic 
Studies. As associate dean of the college, 
he had special responsibility for academic 
affairs. He was also director of the Engi- 
neering Cooperative Program. Over the 
years, he shepherded the college and its 
students through successive changes in 
programs, adapting curricula to emerging 
needs. 

His professional activities have included 
industrial consulting, and his publications 
include a textbook. Applied Metallurgy for 
Engineers. 




Burton at Cornell 

Burton, who holds his MS in metallurgy 
from MIT and taught there before going to 
Cornell in 1946, says of his retirement. "I 
want to continue to do things and look for- 
ward rather than back." 

It is that spirit that has prompted Burton 
and his wife, Hazel, to move to a new 
home near their children in northern Cali- 
fornia. "I plan to build a house myself," 
he says. 



new vehicle video computer, EEC-IV which 
has recently been featured in national advertis- 
ing for the new Tempo, Topaz and Ranger. He 
is vice president of Ford Electronics and Re- 
frigeration Corporation. 

Geza Ziegler continues as director of manu- 
facturing for Cognitronics Corp., Stamford, 
CT. Also, he is still vice president of the Long 
Ridge Volunteer Fire Co. , as well as director of 
the Danbury branch of Bridgeport Engineering 
Institute. Besides freelance radio programming, 
he and his wife enjoy motorcycling. She is a 
development engineer at Norden Systems in 
Norwalk. Three of their four children are in 
college. 

Frederick H. Lutze, Jr. , Class Secretary 



1960 



Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts 
has appointed Martin Beck to the Massachu- 
setts Hazardous Waste Advisory Committee. 
Beck belongs to the ACS and the American 
Institute of Chemical Engineers. He has been 
employed in various chemical engineering ca- 
pacities in the state, as well as in Paris, France 
and Pampa, TX. 

George Beebe serves as a staff engineer at 
MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington. MA. 



1961 



"Rick" Duval is president of U.S. Petrocold 
Industrial. Inc., in Lincoln. NE. He and his 
wife. Colleen, have five children. 

Rimas Zinas was recently named technology 
program manager for control systems and en- 
ergy in Bethlehem Steel Corporation's steel 
group. Zinas, who holds two ME degrees from 
WPI, joined the company in 1965 after two 
years with the U.S. Army. Originally with the 
research department, he was promoted to super- 
visor in 1971 and in 1982 was appointed super- 
visor of deformation processes and applied 
mechanics. 



1962 



Bruce Simmon holds the post of director of 
industry development at Computer Sciences 
Corp. in El Segundo, CA. 



1963 



Stephen Kaufman is the chief executive offi- 
cer at Color Technology, Inc., Westboro. MA. 
He and his wife, Lois, have two children and 
live in Sharon. 



1964 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Charles Ennis, a professor at Thames Valley 
State Technical College in Connecticut, has 
been selected to teach Electricitx /, the first 



38 WPI JOURNAL 



course in an engineering-related area offered at 
Quinebaug Valley Community Center in Da- 
nielson. Ennis is a professional engineer and 
holds an MS degree from the University of 
Connecticut. 

Carl Youngman of Newburyport. MA, has 
renovated his synagogue hall at his own ex- 
pense as a tribute to his father, who died in July. 
A business consultant. Youngman is also an 
officer of the Doktor Pet Center Corp. and 
Command Performance. He graduated from 
Harvard Business School. 



1965 



Sidney Klein is vice president of sales and de- 
sign for Lubin Business Interiors, Inc., New 
Haven, CT. 

Gerald Morris has been elected a member of 
the board of directors of South Shore Bank. He 
is vice president-treasurer of the Foxboro (MA) 
Company. With Foxboro since 1981 , he has his 
MBA from Harvard and is a member of the 
Financial Executives Institute, the Treasurers' 
Club of Boston and the Harvard C.S.A. Advi- 
sory Council. 



1966 



John Gilbert recently became quality manager 
of Pratt & Whitney's newest factory in Colum- 
bus, GA. He writes: "The factory will be an 
ultramodern facility with extensive robotics, 
computer controls and, we hope, a very for- 
ward-looking management." It will produce 
compressor airfoils and disk forgings from su- 
per alloys for company engines. 

Dan Maguire has received his MBA from 
the University of Chicago. 

Gerard Toupin has been named to the new 
position of director of manufacturing develop- 
ment of the Torrington Co. Cairo (GA) bear- 
ings plant. He had been plant manager since 
1979 and joined Torrington in 1966 as a design 
engineer. He was instrumental in the planning 
and construction of the plant, guiding the on- 
set of production as its first manufacturing 
manager. 



1967 



George Batten, Jr., executive director of West 
Essex Community Health Services, Inc., also 
serves as chairman of the board of the New 
Jersey Hospice Organization. George, who has 
a master's degree from Cornell, is a member 
and legislative chairman of the Home Health 
Agency Assembly of New Jersey. The West 
Caldwell civic leader is a tennis player, jogger, 
skier and white-water canoeist. 

Joseph Cieplak, who has his MA in commu- 
nications from Fairfield University, continues 
as director of marketing at Page-Wilson Corpo- 
ration, Bridgeport, CT. 

Michael Grilli holds the post of vice presi- 
dent at Beta Engineering, Inc., Pawtucket, RI. 

Travenol Laboratories, Inc., has appointed 
Nelson ("Skip") Thune as vice president of 
manufacturing for its Hyland Therapeutics Di- 
vision. With the firm for three and a half years. 



,0* 



<£? 









"If a day is a week here, and a month is a day, and a year is an hour, how are they going 
to figure our pay? " 



he was most recently director of manufacturing 
for the division. 



1968 



Wayne Blanchard continues as operations 
controller for Johnson & Johnson in New 
Brunswick, NJ. He has his MBA from Illinois 
Benedictine College, Lisle. 

Victor Calabretta, Jr., was recently pro- 
moted to vice president of C.E. Maguire. Inc.. 
international architects/engineers, in Provi- 
dence, RI. He will direct marine and port activ- 
ities for the company. Since joining Maguire 1 1 
years ago. he has been concerned with domestic 
and international marine and port facilities, in- 
cluding a large ammunition port in Guam. A 
skilled diver, he has made numerous underwa- 
ter condition surveys. He holds a BS and an 
MSCE from WP1 and is a registered engineer in 
four New England states and Louisiana. Recog- 
nized for publishing six engineering papers, in 
1979 he received the Geotechnical Group 
Award from the Boston Society of Civil Engi- 
neers. 

Jeffrey Hultman is a counsel for Great 
Western Savings, Northridge. CA. He has a 



law degree from Southwestern University, Los 
Angeles. 

John Lunney serves as an electronics engi- 
neer with the Department of the Navy in 
Arlington. VA. 

Richard Mayer is senior project manager for 
James River Corporation in South Hadley. MA. 
Currently, he is working on market develop- 
ment and business strategy for a new electro- 
static film. 

John Orciuch works as project manager at 
Digital Equipment Corp., Northboro. MA. 



1969 



Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



Robert Balcer is a planning consultant for 
ARCO. He resides in Dallas, TX. 

Charles Doe has been elected an assistant 
vice president and associate actuary at State 
Mutual in Worcester. With the firm since 
1969. he was promoted to actuary in 1979. In 
1977. he was named a fellow of the Society of 
Actuaries. He has a master's degree from 
Northeastern. 

Stephen Nagy, who has his MBA from Clark 



FEBRUARY 1984 39 



University, is now a senior sales representative 
for Digital in Burlington, MA. 

Jim Rodier, rate research manager for Public 
Service of New Hampshire, spoke on "Electri- 
cal Rates of PSNH" at the September meeting 
of the Cheshire Accountants Association in 
Keene. 

Our apologies to Steve Zuckerman, who 
was listed as deceased in the 1982 edition of the 
WPI Alumni Directory. Steve is now a com- 
puter consultant for Prime Computer and re- 
sides in Brookline. MA. 



1970 



A. Patton Abbe serves as president of Hard- 
wood Furniture Designs, Inc.. in Pompano 
Beach. FL. 

Richard Drolet is now manager of the sys- 
tems department at Valley Resources, Inc., 
Cumberland. RI. 

Randy Sablich recently left Grumman Aero- 
space and is currently employed as vice presi- 
dent and general manager of the electromechan- 
ical systems division at ABA Industries in 
Largo, FL. 

John Sztuka is district sales manager for 
Hercules, Inc., Mobile, AL. He received his 
MBA from Western Michigan University. 



1971 



MARRIED: John Niestemski to Susan Bird in 
Syracuse. NY, on July 2, 1983. She graduated 
from Syracuse University and is president of 
Graphic Masters, Inc.. Fayetteville. John holds 
degrees from WPI and the University of 
Bridgeport and works for Genigraphics Corp. 
of Liverpool. 

BORN: to Barbara and Doug Michel, a 
daughter. Laura, on July 4. 1983. Brother Scott 
is now 3. Doug owns and operates Doug Mi- 
chel Construction Co., Block Island, RI. He is 
also a commercial fisherman. 

Michael Armenia is program manager for 
Raytheon Co., Portsmouth, RI. Also, he is a 
lieutenant commander and engineering duty of- 
ficer in the U.S. Naval Reserve. 

Dr. Claude Mancel continues as manager of 
product coordination of packaged soap and de- 
tergent products in Europe for Procter & Gam- 
ble. He and his family reside in Belgium. 

Peter Markunas has been named the first 
director of public works in Provincetown, MA. 
Previously he was a mechanical engineer with 
the U.S. Department of Transportation. 

Formerly director of market research at State 
Mutual, Worcester, Robert Mills was recently 
elected vice president and associate actuary at 
the firm. 

Dr. Noel Totti III is a staff pneumologist at 
the VA Medical Center in San Juan, PR. He 
and his wife, Margarita, have three children. 



1972 



Thomas Ball holds the post of senior consul- 
tant at Bank of America in San Francisco. 

Jim Hardy is now an optical engineer at 
Eastman Kodak in Rochester, NY. Jim's wife. 



WPPs Own 
Marrying Sam! 

Prof. Roger Borden, '61, of WPI's ME 
department, marries about 12 people each 
year. It's all perfectly legal, and his wife 
heartily approves. Prof. Borden, you see, 
is also an ordained Methodist minister. 

"I've married several WPI students re- 
cently," he says, smiling. "Including Dick 
Coleman, '80 CS, and Kathryn Grider, '80 
ME." Borden has also performed wedding 
ceremonies for Anita Draghetti and Leon 
Droby, '82 ME, and Jean Martin, '81, and 
Tom Daniels, '80 ME. 

It is evident that Borden enjoys his stu- 
dents, whether he is teaching them or mar- 
rying them. He also counsels them. Cur- 
rently chairman of the Committee on 
Student Advising, he says, "I believe stu- 
dent counseling should be one of the prime 
concerns on campus. These are difficult 
times for young people." 

Borden has long been interested in coun- 
seling and in the pastoral ministry. Early 
on, he was a lay pastor for several 
churches in the Worcester area. Currently, 
he is part-time pastor for the East Temple- 
ton Church. 

His area of professional expertise in- 
cludes internal combustion engines, ex- 
haust emissions and electric vehicles. Two 
years ago he was selected to participate in 
a year-long Department of Transportation 
program on Automotive Emissions and 
Economy in Cambridge. 




Professor Roger Borden with the "For- 
mula Racer Design," the MPQ of Martin 
Riccirelli, '83. 

Borden and his wife, Connie, a secre- 
tary at Holy Cross, have a son, Andrew, 
'82 MGE, who is an industrial engineer at 
George Frost Company in Shirley, MA. 
Their daughter, Meredith, a junior at New 
England Conservatory of Music, per- 
formed as a singer-dancer at Busch Gar- 
dens in Williamsburg last summer. 



Mary, works for the Visiting Nurse Service. 
They have two children, Jon and Luke. 

Howard Levine is affiliated with the solar 
energy project at Texas Instruments in Dallas. 
In 1982 he received his PhD in physics from 
Rutgers. 



1973 



Ben Allen, who received his MS in ocean engi- 
neering from URI in 1982, is currently a senior 
engineer at Teledyne's Brewer Engineering 
Labs in Marion, MA. 

Michael Gipps serves as senior production 
engineer at Dow Chemical Co., Pittsburg, CA. 

Dr. Gerald Izzi is a physician in the depart- 
ment of internal medicine at the University of 
Cincinnati Medical Center. His MD is from 
George Washington University. 

Richard Nabb now holds the position of 
plant manager at Clairol, Inc.. in Camarillo, 
CA. 

Michael Peterson has been named consumer 
services representative in North Adams by 
Massachusetts Electric Co. He has been with 
the utility since 1980. Before assuming his new 
duties, he was an analyst for New England 
Power Service Co.. Westboro. He has an MBA 
from Anna Maria College. 



Dr. C. Stephen Szlatenyi, who has his MD 

from Albany Medical College of Union Univer- 
sity, is a physician at Rhode Island Hospital in 
Providence. 

Angelo Tsefrekas was recently elected presi- 
dent of the George Jarvis Chapter No. 80 of the 
Order of Ahepa. He is president of Delta Asso- 
ciates Realty, Worcester. 

Michael Varga is an engineering supervisor 
at Barden Corp., Danbury, CT. 

Robert Zawada, associate actuary for Sun 
Life of Canada, Wellesley Hills, MA, has been 
designated a certified employee benefit special- 
ist (CEBS) by the International Foundation of 
Employee Benefit Plans and the Wharton 
School of the University of Pennsylvania. He 
qualified for the designation by passing ten col- 
lege-level national examinations on employee 
benefits subjects. 



1974 



Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



MARRIED: John Palitsch and Mary Beth 
Czubrynski in Worcester on May 29, 1983. A 
Becker graduate, she is a physical therapist at 
Worcester City Hospital. John is with Wy man- 
Gordon Co.. North Grafton. MA. 



40 WPI JOURNAL 



BORN: to Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Marti- 

niano a son. Mark Alan, on May 22, 1983. 

Dennis Rock, a musician and former audio 
faculty member of the Berklee School of Mu- 
sic, teaches a hands-on-course entitled Record- 
ing Engineer Workshop at MCM Recording/ 
Video Services. Worcester's only professional 
recording studio. 

Dean Stratouly is vice president of the Con- 
gress Group in Boston, MA. He has his MA in 
business management from Central Michigan 
University. 



1975 



MARRIED: Mark Allen and Beth Ann Ny- 
gren in New Britain, CT. on July 23, 1983. She 
graduated from Southern Connecticut State 
University with both a bachelor's and a master's 
degree and teaches at the Wheeler Clinic. 
Plainville. He is employed as a project manager 
for Morganti, Inc., Ridgefield. . . . David 
Huff and Lisa Walters in Cocoa Beach, FL, on 
September 16, 1983. Lisa graduated from the 
University of Georgia and is business manager 
of Cocoa Beach Broadcasting, Inc. David 
serves as a safety engineer with Eastern Space 
and Missile Center at Patrick AFB. . . . Peter 
Joyce to Mary Beth Mclnerney in Madison, 
CT, on September 3, 1983. She graduated from 
Albright College, Reading, PA. He owns Con- 
necticut Suzuki in Wallingford, CT. 

Currently, Alan Bergstrom is a staff bio- 
chemist for Merck. Sharp & Dohme Research 
Laboratories, the pharmaceutical research wing 
of Merck & Co. in Rahway, NJ. He, his wife, 
and two children reside in South Plainfield. 

Richard Bloom, president of Independent 
Glass, has been selected for a three-year term 
on the board of directors of the Rhode Island 
Better Business Bureau in Providence. With the 
glass company since 1975, he was elected pres- 
ident in 1981. 

Richard Caruso is now a process engineer at 
HRI.Inc.Gibbsboro, NJ. 

Michael DiMascio continues as an associate 
in Firepro, Inc., Wellesley Hills, MA. 

Denise Gorski, an industrial engineer for 
IBM, spent several weeks last spring in Japan at 
an IBM worldwide manufacturing review. On 
her return trip, she enjoyed a few days in Ha- 
waii. Denise serves on the board of directors for 
her townhouse complex and takes evening 
courses. 

The FIP Corporation has promoted David 
Shopis to vice president of construction. For- 
merly he was manager of project operations for 
the firm. He attended Virginia Polytechnic In- 
stitute and received an MS degree in building 
science from RPI. 

Frank Sundermeyer is now vice president 
of engineering for Electronic Solutions, Inc., 
Watertown, CT. 

Patricia Graham Flahertw Class President 



1976 



MARRIED: Brian Swanson and Ruth Rowan 
in Grafton, MA, on August 27, 1983. Ruth 
graduated from Oberlin (OH) College and MIT 
and is a product manager at Norton Co., Wor- 
cester. Brian is a senior research engineer at 



Norton. . . . Steven Tucker man to Dr. Krys- 
tyna DeLuca in Brookline. MA. on August 20. 
1983. She graduated from Liverpool University 
Medical School. He has a master's degree from 
UMass. Amherst, and is a town planner for 
East Hampton, CT. . . . Thomas Zarrilli and 
Suzanne Kaminsky in Philadelphia, PA, on Oc- 
tober 1, 1983. Suzanne, a graduate of Moore 
College of Art, is import manager at Ellen 
Tracy, a women's sportswear company. Tom 
has his MBA from the Wharton School of the 
University of Pennsylvania and is vice presi- 
dent of Sonnenblick Goldman, a national real 
estate firm. 

Norman Gariepy has been elected a fellow 
of the Massachusetts Society of Certified Pub- 
lic Accountants, Inc. Currently he is in practice 
as principal with his office in Fitchburg, MA. 
He received an MS in accounting from North- 
eastern University. 

Paul Grogan, who has his MS from Carne- 
gie-Mellon University, is a teaching assistant at 
WPI. 

Diane Gunn serves as construction engineer 
for the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, 
DC 

Formerly with Arthur Andersen, Jim Hall is 
now an associate in management systems sup- 
port for Index Consulting. 

Raymond Mandeville serves as a senior 
analysis engineer at ITT Grinnell Corp., Provi- 
dence, RI. 

Charles ("Rick") Robinson, senior quality 
engineer at Micro-Switch of Marlborough, 
MA, has been elected to the ESNE executive 
committee. He graduated with his BSEE from 
Tufts and his MS in management science from 
WPI. A certified quality engineer, he is a 
former treasurer of the Worcester section of the 
American Society for Quality Control. 

Robert Roy IV is a project supervisor for 
GTE-Sylvania in Needham Heights, MA. 



1977 



MARRIED: Richard Seidnitzer and Anita 
Lacaprucia in Springfield. MA. on September 
23, 1983. Anita is a nutrition majorat Holyoke 
Community College. Richard is a construction 
engineer. 

In September, Adolfo Chandeck began a 12- 
month assignment at IBM's European market- 
ing support center in Greenford, England. 

Bill Cloutier is a senior engineer for Yankee 
Atomic in Framingham, MA. He and his 
wife, Ellen, have two children and reside in 
Hopkinton. 

W. Paul Cullen is a partner in Applied Ro- 
botics, which celebrated its first birthday this 
January. The firm is located in Troy, NY, and 
designs "hands" and "brains" for robots used 
in manufacturing. 

John Pappas, superintendent for Perini 
Corp. of Framingham, MA, writes, "Our cur- 
rent project is Harrah's Boardwalk Hotel and 
Casino in Atlantic City, NJ." 

Robert Wyman, a project manager for Whit- 
man & Howard's, Inc., Wellesley. MA, has 
been elected an assistant vice president of the 
consulting-engineering firm. He is responsible 
for water-system studies and long-range plan- 
ning, the development of groundwater supplies 
and the design and supervision of water-main 
improvements. He has an MSCE from WPI. 



1978 



MARRIED: David Balukonis and Cynthia 
Kittredge on June 1 1 , 1983. in Clinton, MA. A 
financial-assistance worker for the State De- 
partment of Public Welfare, Cynthia graduated 
from Worcester State and attended Southeastern 
Massachusetts University. David, who attended 
UMass as well as WPI, is assistant manager for 
Strand's Ski Shop, Worcester. . . . Thomas 
Edwards and Mary Ann Matt in Lee Center, 
NY, on September 10, 1983. Mary Ann is a 
student at Utica College of Syracuse Univer- 
sity. Both she and Tom are employed by PAR 
Technology Corp., New Hartford, NY. 

MARRIED: Kevin McNamara and Mary 
Kruczynski in Worcester on May 21, 1983. 
Mary graduated from Holy Name High School 
and is an administrative secretary at Shawmut 
Worcester County Bank. Kevin is employed as 
a mechanical engineer by Boston Edison Co. 
. . . James ("Demetri") Shuris and Kathleen 
Leone in Marlborough, MA, on October 2, 
1983. Kathy graduated from Framingham State 
College and is employed as an office manager 
at Medical Resources, Framingham, MA. De- 
metri is a construction project engineer at Riley 
Stoker Corporation, Worcester, and is a regis- 
tered professional engineer in Massachusetts. 
. . . Stephen Superson and Sharon Mulcahy in 
Montville. CT. on October 8. 1983. Sharon 
graduated from Windham Dental Assistant 
School. Stephen is a design engineer at Tele- 
dyne Engineering Services Corp., Waltham, 
MA. 

Raymond Beauvais, who has a BS in chem- 
istry from Southeastern Massachusetts Techno- 
logical Institute, is a teacher in Attleboro, MA. 
He and his wife. Sandra, have two children. 

Wayne Beisecker, who is now with Ciba 
Geigy. Cranston. RI. is "glad to be back on the 
East Coast to pursue my favorite hobby, fish- 
ing." He and his wife, Kim, have two daugh- 
ters, whose grandfather is Bernard Beisecker, 
'46. 

Capt. William Diederich serves in acquisi- 
tions for the USAF at the Naval Systems Com- 
mand in Arlington. VA. 

Dr. Raymond Dunn is a surgery resident at 
the University of Massachusetts Medical Cen- 
ter in Worcester. He has his MD from Albany 
Medical College. 

Mark Etre has been promoted to engineer at 
Northeast Utilities, Hartford, CT. He joined the 
firm in 1981 as an associate engineer. Cur- 
rently, he is studying for his MSME at Hartford 
Graduate Center. The Etres have a son, Mat- 
thew, and a daughter. Kathryn. 

Robert Flynn owns Bob Flynn Associates in 
Bloomfield, CT. He received his MBA from 
Babson. 

John Holland is a senior engineer with 
Northern Research & Engineering. Wobum, 
MA. 

Dr. Peter Johnson is a physician at Newton- 
Wellesley Hospital in Newton Lower Falls, 
MA. He received his MD from the University 
of Massachusetts Medical School. 

Benjamin Khoudari serves as general man- 
ager of the family business in Bogota, Colom- 
bia. He and his wife, Jacqueline, have two 
children. 

Osamu Kimura is a scheduling engineer for 
Fay, Spofford & Thorndike, Inc., Boston. 

Gary Krumpholz is a staff member at MIT's 



FEBRUARY 1984 41 



Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington. MA. 

Francis Leah) III is studying for his MSEE 
at the University of California at Davis 

James Monroe serves as a research assistant 
at the University o\ Massachusetts Medical 
School in Worcester 

Sergej Ochrimenko continues as a field en- 
gineer for Ravmond International. Rochelle 
Park. NJ 

Joseph Orlando is a senior engineer for Bun- 
ker Ramo in Trumbull. CT. 

Bob Raslavsky is current!) a self-employed 
photographer, photo-finisher and sales repre- 
sentative in Worcester. 

Jeffrey Wetmore is a structural engineer at 
Edwards & Kelcey. Inc.. Minneapolis. MN. 

Randall VVyatt is a high voltage DC project 
engineer for GE in King of Prussia. PA. 



1979 



Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



MARRIED: Martin Paglione and Lynn Sto- 
chaj on May 7. 1983. in Worcester. Lynn grad- 
uated from Assumption College and is em- 
ployed by Pronuptia de Pans Bridals. Martin, 
who holds degrees from WPI and UMass. 
Amherst, is a computer programmer analyst for 
Tile Composition. Inc.. Chicopee. MA. . . . 
Phillip Roux to Karen Powell on September 
17. 1983. in New Britain. CT. A graduate of 
Southington High School, Karen is a secretary 
at the University of Connecticut Health Center 
in Farmington. Phillip works for Data General 
in Westboro, MA. . . . Joseph Spinn and 
Lynda Mullen on September 10. 1983. Lynda 
is a registered nurse. Spinn has been working 



for the axrket performance group at Pratt & 
Whitnev Aircraft in Florida. . . . William Win- 
ters and Barbara Price recently in Quincy. MA. 
She graduated from Quincy Junior College, and 
he is a civil engineer with the U.S. Geological 
Survey. Palo Alto. CA. He holds an MSCE 
from Cornell 

BORN: to Sharon and Michael Gallerani 
their first child. Catherine Mary, on June 13. 
1983. Mike is a manufacturing specialist with 
the lighting systems department of GE. The 
Galleranis reside in Hendersonville. NC. 

Stephen Falls is an R&D supervisor at the 
Spencer Turbine Co. . Windsor. CT. 

Eugenia Fernandez is currently attending 
the School of Management at Purdue Univer- 
sity, where she is studying for a PhD in man- 
agement information systems. She has received 
an IBM fellowship for the first year. 

Scott Hansen has been promoted to senior 
engineer at Monsanto s Technical Center in De- 
catur. AL. With the firm since 1979. he is cur- 
rently a member of the Acrilan research and 
development department. He is treasurer of the 
Decatur chapter of the AIChE and has served as 
an advisor for Junior Achievement. 

Ronald Knapp is a senior design engineer 
with Advanced Micro Devices in Sunnyvale, 
CA. 

Danny Lee works for Eastman Kodak in 
Rochester. NY. 

Steven Mandell is a scientific programmer 
in the county engineer's office in West Palm 
Beach. FL. 

Last May. John Meader received the 
"Young Engineer of the Year" award from the 
George Washington chapter of the Virginia So- 
ciety of Professional Engineers, an affiliate of 
the National Society of Professional Engineers 
(NSPE). 




In the beginning, Biophase Genetics, Inc. created us." 



Dan Pouliot is manager of switched services 
at New England Telephone in Burlington. VT. 

Sandra Dorr Wilson serves as account svs- 
tem engineer for Information System Services- 
IBM in Waltham. MA. She was promoted from 
programmer/analyst to account system engineer 
last July. 



1980 



MARRIED: Stephen Hansen and Maria De 
Los Angeles Wagner in Nogales, AZ. on Sep- 
tember 3. 1983. Maria graduated from Nogales 
High School. Stephen is employed at Chamber- 
lain Manufacturing Corporation. . . . Richard 
Hennessy and Karen Timmons recently in 
Melrose, MA. A nurse at the Children's Hospi- 
tal Medical Center. Boston. Karen received her 
BS in nursing from Boston College. Richard 
works for Brown and Sharpe Manufacturing 
Co.. West Kingston. RI. . . . Steven Kahn to 
Mary Donatelli in Pittsburgh on August 25, 
1983. Mary, a nurse in the intensive care unit at 
Montefiore Hospital, graduated from Duquesne 
University School of Nursing. Steve is with 
Westinghouse Bettis Laboratories. Pittsburgh. 
. . . John O'Horo and Kristine Scherzinger 
recently in Clifton Park, NY. Kristine gradu- 
ated from the University of Notre Dame and the 
GE Financial Management program. John is a 
management engineer at GE in Wisconsin. 

MARRIED: Mark Riley and Sharon Brierly 
in Milford. NH, on October 8. 1983. She grad- 
uated from San Jose State University in San 
Jose, CA. They are both employed at Digital 
Equipment in Memmack. NH. . . . Edward 
Szkutak, Jr., and Paula Mesite on October 1 . 
1983. in Framingham. MA. They are both can- 
didates for master's degrees: she from MIT and 
he from the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill. . . . Scott Yeomansand Rosemary 
DeForge in Andover. CT, on October 8, 1983. 
She graduated from Bloomfield High School 
and is a secretary at the Travelers Insurance 
Co.. Hartford, where he is a research analyst. 

Douglas Armstrong, a researcher for John- 
son & Johnson Orthopaedics in Braintree. MA. 
is concerned with materials and product re- 
search for implantable total-joint replacements. 

David Aspinwall is a self-employed general 
contractor and builder in Millbury. MA. 

Rex Chen works as a senior software engi- 
neer for Digital Equipment Corporation. 

David Clarke is a part-time student at Bob 
Jones University and is also concerned part 
time with contracts for software development. 

Donald Connor is a graduate student in 
the neurosciences at the University of Alabama 
in Birmingham. In 1982 he received his MS 
in neurochemistry from the University of 
Connecticut. 

R. Barrie Etherington works as a process 
engineer forGE in Rutland. VT. 

John Fazio is with Du Pont in Aiken. SC. 

John Forrester, on temporary assignment in 
West Virginia since 1982. is an electrical field 
engineer for Stone & Webster in Boston. 

Alan Freeman works for Fenwal, Inc.. in 
Ashland. MA. He and his wife. Merilee, have 
one child. 

Jim Getches is now with Triple-S Plastics in 
Kalamazoo, MI. 

George Gikas is a project engineer for Aster 
Engineering Corp. in Middleton, MA. He has 



42 WPI JOURNAL 



his MS in metallurgy from the University of 
Connecticut. 

Michael Kennedy now serves as a plant 
safety engineer for Conoco Chemicals Co. at 
the Chocolate Bayou plant near AU in. TX. 

Serge Molinari continues as a services engi- 
neer at Du Pont in Beaumont. TX. 

Michael Ramadei is an electrical engineer 
for Philips Medical Systems. Inc.. in Shelton. 
CT. Last year he received his MBA from Ri\ ler 
College. Nashua. NH 

John Rust serves as a management trainee at 
Warren Pumps in Warren. MA. He holds a BA 
from Bndgewater State College. 

Thomas Ryan, v. ho has a masters in natural 
science and a BA in biology from Salem State 
College, is a teacher in the Wakefield (MA) 
public school system. 

Paul Staehly is an associate engineer for 
Northeast Utilities in Middletown. CT. 

William Taber works as a process engineer 
at Raytheon in Quincy. MA. He and his wife. 
Margaret, reside in Rockland. 

Daniel Tarkiainen is a math teacher at Wa- 
chusett Regional High School in Holden. MA. 

Li Thomas Trepanier serves as a reactor 
training officer with the U.S. Navy aboard the 
USS Carolina. 

Scott Wade, who is currently working for his 
MBA at Drexel University, is an engineer with 
Philadelphia Electric Co. 

Francis Walsh serves as a group leader 
in process engineering at W.R. Grace & Co.. 
Lexington. MA. 



1981 



MARRIED: Wayne Barry to Sharon Eid on 
September 18. 1983. in Worcester. Sharon, a 
management trainee at Shawmut Worcester 
County Bank, graduated from Skidmore Col- 
lege. Wayne is employed by Largo Corp. and is 
studying for his masters degree at Assumption. 
. . . Daniel D'Amore and Debra Souza in Clin- 
ton. MA. on June 25. 1983 A Horal designer 
and graduate of Ritter School for Floral Design 
in Boston. Debra currently attends e\ening 
classes at Fitchburg State College. D'Amore 
teaches at Nashoba Regional High School. . . . 
Thomas Hryniewicz to Lori Ann Chiasson in 
Worcester on September 10. 1983. A graduate 
oi Assumption. Lori is study ing for her master's 
degree at the University of Connecticut School 
of Social Work. West Hartford. CT. Tom is a 
demographic analyst and computer programmer 
for Donnelly Marketing Information Services. 
Stamford. 

MARRIED: Kurt Ross and Darlene Butler 
on October 22. 1983. in Sudbury. MA. She 
graduated from Dean Junior College and is a 
senior secretary for Prime Computer. 
Framingham. He serves as an applications en- 
gineer with Applicon in Burlington. . . . 
Michael Schmerbeck and Phyllis Rogers re- 
cently in Newton Centre. MA. Phyllis gradu- 
ated from Saint Vincent Hospital School of 
Nursing. Worcester. A structural design engi- 
neer. Michael works for U.S. Steel in Pennsyl- 
vania. . . . James Thurber and kathy Signo- 
rielli in Norton. MA. on August 13. 1983. 
Kathy is a graduate of Assumption College. 

Arthur Bainton is a test systems program- 
mer at GenRad in Waltham. MA. 

Ben Barber works as a desisn engineer at 



Walking His Way 

To The Olympic Triab? 

Brian Savilonis. '72. assistant professor of 
mechanical engineering at WPI. may well 
walk his way into the Olympic trials this 
year. He's got a good start. At 33. he's 
already a national-caliber race walker. 

Last fall, he won his first ultra-distance 
race, the National 100 Kilometer Race- 
walking Championship in Arlington. VA. 
He topped a field of 25 in the 62.2-mile 
track race with a time of 10:33:12. Unoffi- 
cially, this is the third fastest time ever by 
an American. 

He also won the New England Champi- 
onships at 30KM and placed second at 
20KM and 5KM. He finished fifth at 
50KM in the National Sports Festival at 
Colorado Springs last summer. In May. he 
placed 13th at the nationals in Monterev. 
CA.at50KM. 

Since taking up race walking seven 
years ago, Brian, formerly a dedicated 
runner, has not suffered a single injury, 
and rarely an ache or a pain. He became 
interested in the sport when he was a re- 
search scientist in Virginia. 

Currently, race walking is popular 
mostly outside the U.S.. with the stars 
coming from Mexico and Europe, but this 
does not deter Brian. "I have trouble find- 
ing someone to train with." he admits. 
"Sometimes I have to walk beside the 
slower runners." 

He has made at least one dedicated con- 
vert: his wife. "Jan is a national certified 
race-walking judge." he reports. "But she 
doesn't show one bit of favoritism. She's 
given me more cautions than any other 
judge!" 

Last year. Brian won a Teetor Award 
from the Society of Automotive Engineers 
for his technical work in the energy field. 
Previously, he was an assistant professor 




'•■ 



Professor Brian Savilonis, '72 ME: A 
stroll to the L.A. Coliseum? 

at the Center of Engineering. Widener 
College. Chester. PA. and a senior re- 
search scientist at the University of Vir- 
ginia. He has an MSME from WPI and a 
PhD from SU NY-Buffalo. 

Today, race walking takes up much of 
his "leisure" time. It's not an easy sport. It 
requires lots of upper-body strength and a 
technique that takes years to perfect. 
"People think it's a funny waddle. They 
don't appreciate the effort that goes into it. 
They think anyone can walk." Bnan says. 

True. Nearly everyone can walk, but 
few can walk like Bnan Savilonis. And 
even fewer are saying they might have a 
shot at the Olympic trials. 



Texas Instruments in Attleboro. MA 
David Briggs works for Codex Corporation. 

Mansfield. MA He resides in Norwood 

Tony Cabral. who recently received his 
master's in metallurgy from Carnegie-Mellon, 
is now a metallurgical engineer at Pratt &. Whit- 
ney Aircraft in East Hartford. CT 

Edward Crivello serves as a chemical engi- 
neer at the IS Armv R&D Center in Natick. 
MA 

Eric Cunningham is currently engaged in 
de\ eloping a business to pro\ ide office space 
and prototype development services to engi- 
neers, technical sales representatives, architects 
and ad\ertising firms. He is seeking partners in 
this \enture. which will be located in the Bos- 
ton area. The company name is Shared Re- 
sources, and the address is: PO. Box »1381. 
Boston. MA 02205. 

Dr. Stephen Dellaporta is currently working 
at Cold Spring Harbor (NYi Laboratory for the 



1983 Nobel Pnze winner in physiology and 
medicine. Dr Barbara McClintock. She re- 
ceded the award for her work on transposable 
elements (jumping genes i in maize (corn). 
Through their efforts, ways may be found to 
genetically engineer com to improve world 
food production. 

Jeff Dick was recently named a senior elec- 
tro-optic engineer in the engineering area of the 
Telecommunications Products Division of 
Corning Glass. Corning. NY 

John Farnsworth is a sanitary engineer with 
John A. Famsworth in Lancaster. MA. Cur- 
rently, he is a teaching assistant and full-time 
graduate student at WPI. 

Thomas Finn is employed in the civil and 
marine division ofC.E. Maguire. Inc.. Provi- 
dence. Rl He is also studying for his MBA at 
Bryant College 

James Geib now serves as a design engineer 
at Aueat. Inc.. Aulebonv MA 



FEBRUARY 1984 



Joseph Gionfriddo holds the post of man- 
ager at Procter & Gamble's Winton Hill Tech- 
nical Center in Cincinnati, OH. 

Gregory Glod is a professional development 
program associate with Colt Firearms in Hart- 
ford, CT. 

Paul Goldense holds the post of assistant su- 
perintendent at Perini Corp., Cambridge, MA. 

Richard Halleck was recently promoted to 
associate engineer at Northeast Utilities. He 
joined the firm in 1981 as an assistant engi- 
neer in the generation electrical engineering 
department 

Lee Hevey is now an applications engineer 
for Corning Glass Works Telecommunications 
Products Division, Corning, NY. 

David Jensen serves as a B-52 pilot for the 
USAF at Andersen AFB, Guam. 

Jeffrey Labuz, a graduate student in the EE 
department at the University of Virginia in 
Charlottesville, is working for his PhD and spe- 
cializing in image processing. 

Thomas Lepore has been promoted to senior 
vice president of Delia Construction Co., Inc., 
Enfield. CT. Formerly a professor of civil engi- 
neering at the University of Hartford, he holds 
degrees from the University of Hartford Col- 
lege of Engineering and WPI. He joined Delia 
in 1981 as vice president of engineering. 

James Morgan is a computer scientist for 



D&D Computer Security Center at Ft. Meade, 
MD. 

Dennis Moulton works for Stone & Webster. 
He resides in New London, CT. 

Dung Nguyen is manager of the plating de- 
partment at Diamond Machining in Marlboro, 
MA. He has his MS from WPI. 

Augustus Nunes, Jr., is a design engineer 
for Analog Devices, Inc., Norwood. MA. 

Rick Rykosky currently works in design, 
project management and field supervising for 
the Gatx Terminals Corp. bulk liquid storage 
terminal in Good Hope, LA. 

Chandran Santanam serves as a senior en- 
gineer at Riley Stoker Corp. , Worcester. 

Gilbert Stiles, Jr., holds the post of presi- 
dent at New England Test Systems, Westboro, 
MA. 

Kristi Thompson, a chemistry teacher at 
Shepherd Regional High School, Dudley, MA, 
is working for her master's of education through 
UMass, Amherst. 

Marc Trudeau is an acoustical engineer at 
Epicure Products, Inc.. Newburyport, MA. He 
is studying for his MSEE at the University 
of Lowell. 

David White is an electrical engineer at 
Combustion Engineering. Windsor, CT. Cur- 
rently, he is studying for his MSEM at Western 
New England College. 



1982 



MARRIED: Robert Bean to Karen Rom- 
bousek on July 16, 1983, in Worcester. Karen is 
a senior at Worcester State College. Robert is a 
graduate student at WPI. . . . Jane Bulejcik 
and Ralph Becker in Webster, MA, on August 
6, 1983. Jane is an electrical engineer with 
EVA Service Corp.. Lincoln, RI. Ralph is a 
software engineer with Prime Computer, 
Framingham, MA. . . . Brian Dunne and 
Mary-Ellen McLaughlin in Worcester on June 
26, 1983. Mary-Ellen graduated from Becker 
Junior College and Fitchburg State College. 
Brian works for Westinghouse Corp.. Balti- 
more, MD. . . . Robert Finnance and Beth 
Monde on September 16, 1983, in Middletown. 
CT. Beth graduated from Endicott College. 
Robert, an engineer with GTE Corporation, 
Needham, MA, is also doing graduate work at 
Babson College. . . . Gary Johnson to Jo-Ann 
Lane in Reading, MA, on August 27, 1983. A 
registered nurse, she graduated from Peter Bent 
Brigham School of Nursing. He is a naval flight 
officer stationed in San Diego, CA. 

MARRIED: David Leeman and Carolyn 
Humfryes in Worcester on May 21, 1983. A 
medical secretary, she attended Quinsigamond 
Community College and Worcester State Col- 



Living in Class! 



Anyone who questions the value of the 
WPI Plan should talk with Paul Varadian, 
'75. Varadian, an honors graduate and 
recipient of the Carl F. Meyer Civil Engi- 
neering Award, is president of Trans-Con- 
tinental Development Corp., a multimil- 
lion-dollar real-estate conglomerate based 
in Boston. One of Varadian 's development 
projects has brought him back closer to 
WPI than he ever thought possible. Within 
100 yards of Kaven Hall and across the 
street from the Worcester Art Museum, 
Transcontinental has just finished con- 
verting Worcester's former North High 
School complex into a $7-million luxury 
condominium development. 

Varadian sees a direct link between his 
current ventures and the WPI Plan. "I was 
fortunate to have the opportunity to do one 
of the first large-scale MQPs on the con- 
struction of a major addition to the Bur- 
bank Hospital in Fitchburg, under the di- 
rection of Professor A. Fattah Chalabi. 
Now we've just finished developing one 
of the largest, private real estate projects 
undertaken in Worcester at the very door- 
step of the WPI campus." 

North High Gardens has been a national 
success story. Varadian structured an in- 
vestment plan, now widely copied, by 
which an investment condo buyer could 
take advantage of a 25 percent investment 
tax credit, offered on certified historic re- 
habilitation projects, like North High Gar- 
dens. On a $100,000 unit, a $10,000 down 
payment, with a resulting $25,000 tax 




Paul Varadian in (he atrium 

credit, shows obvious appeal. A buyer 
then rents out the unit to meet the mort- 
gage payments, with substantial profit 
coming upon sale five years later. And 
with a large four-story garden atrium, 
glass elevators, large units and ornate de- 
tails, tenants truly "live in class." 
Varadian is an active director of the WPI 



Boston Alumni Association. He is also a 
founding director of the Summit Group, a 
well-known Boston financial and tax-plan- 
ning firm, as well as a founding director of 
RETEC Associates, a real-estate consult- 
ing firm which serves Fortune 500 compa- 
nies under the direction of another WPI 
alumnus, Peter Walworth, '74. 



44 WPI JOURNAL 



lege. He is with Hydronic Technology, Inc., 
Shrewsbury. . . . Thomas Marnik to Kathleen 
Correia in Fairhaven, MA, on September 17, 
1983. A registered nurse, Kathleen graduated 
from Rhode Island College. Tom is a general 
contractor for Marnik's Construction. . . . Cyril 
Marrion, Jr., and Kathleen Pereira were 
married on August 27, 1983, in Cumberland, 
RI. Kathleen is a mechanical engineer at Ray- 
theon in Wayland, MA, and Marrion is an elec- 
trical engineer at Digital in Maynard. . . . John 
Scoville and Christine Bruciati in Middletown, 
CT, on September 10, 1983. Christine gradu- 
ated from Becker. John is with GE in Cincin- 
nati, OH. . . . Scott Traynor and Leslie 
Cornwall in Wethersfield, CT, on August 20, 
1983. Leslie is a draftsman at Consultants and 
Designers, East Hartford. Scott is a mechanical 
engineer with Naval Underwater Systems Cen- 
ter, New London. 

Gary Adams serves as a research assistant in 
the department of polymer science at the Uni- 
versity of Massachusetts in Amherst. 

Robert Addiss works for Transkinetics in 
Canton, MA. 

Joyce Trela Auman was recently promoted 
to experimental engineer in the Hamilton 
Standard Division of United Technologies in 
Windsor Locks, CT. 

Michael Bagley is a software engineer for 
Intelligent Business Systems in Saco, ME. 

Alan Bardsley teaches physics in Seekonk, 
MA. He has a BS from Rhode Island College. 

George Beauchesne is employed as a field 
engineer at Eaton Corp., AIL Division, 
Edwards, CA. 

Dale Beaver serves as a design engineer at 
Innovative Products & Equipment in Lowell, 
MA. 

John Bellantoni is a microwave compo- 
nent design engineer at Alpha Industries in 
Lawrence, MA. 

Richard Bolstridge works as a software 
product specialist at Applicon, Inc., Burling- 
ton, MA. 

David Carlson is a diagnostic programmer at 
Computervision Corp., Bedford, MA. 

Paul Cottle is in the physics PhD program at 
Yale. 

Donald Cowles, Jr., serves as a process en- 
gineer at GTE Sylvania in Needham, MA. 

Brian Dalton works as a field engineer and 
assistant superintendent for Turner Construc- 
tion Co. He is now located at Virginia Beach, 
VA. 

Martin DeLuca is employed as a checker 
and supervisor at Pepsi-Cola New York Bot- 
tling, Long Island City, NY. 

Harold Dickerman holds the post of product 
manager at Professional Software, Needham, 
MA. 

Michael Donati is an applications engineer 
at Beswick Engineering Co., Inc., Ipswich, 
MA. 

Toma Duhani works as a project engineer 
for the Department of Transportation in Provi- 
dence, RI. 

Matthew Flynn is a medicinal chemist at 
American Hoechst. 

Ralph Gifford III is now a sales engineer for 
Dana Corp., Auburn, MA. 

Jeff Gross has been promoted to products 
line engineer at the Hawthorne Farms facility of 
Intel Corp. in Hillsboro, OR. Previously he 
was with Intel in Chandler, AZ. 

Stefan Hagopian is a full-time student at the 



University of New England College of Osteo- 
pathic Medicine in Biddeford, ME. 

Cheryl Hamer does research at Dana Farber 
Cancer Institute, Boston. 

Daniel Head is a start-up nuclear engineer 
for Westinghouse in Fulton, MO. He and his 
wife, Xavier, have one child and live in Jeffer- 
son City. 

Constance Heath is studying for her MBA at 
Clark University, Worcester. 

Frederick Klich is employed as a design en- 
gineer at GE in Pittsfield, MA. Currently, he is 
studying for his master's in engineering at RPI. 

Kevin Ladd works for Digital in Littleton, 
MA. 

Ruth Lapan teaches chemistry at Rivier Col- 
lege, Nashua, NH. She has a BS from Trinity 
College, Burlington, VT, and an MEd from 
Keene State, Keene, NH. 

Christopher Lord serves as an electrical de- 
sign engineer at H.F Henderson Industries, 
West Caldwell. NJ. 

Richard Mallia is a programmer and instruc- 
tor at Business Computer Systems, Newington, 
CT. He resides in Plainville. 

Richard Masse is studying for his MSCE at 
UMass, Amherst. 

John Mastroianni, who holds a BSEE from 
the University of New Haven and an associate's 
degree from Waterbury State Technical Col- 
lege, serves as a senior design engineer at 
Prime Computer, Inc., Framingham, MA. 

Currently, John McManus is a process 
analyst for Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, East 
Hartford, CT. 

Caryn Mee holds the post of research chemi- 
cal engineer at the Army Materials and Me- 
chanics Research Center in Watertown, MA. 

Gary Oja is a systems programmer for AFI- 
Datatrol, Hudson, MA. 

Joel Patenaude is serving with the Peace 
Corps in Kenya. 

Wilson Powell holds the post of manager of 
computer-aided design at Sunsearch, Inc., 
Guilford, CT. 

Robert Raymond is plant manager at J.F 
Donovan, Inc., Providence, RI. He and his 
wife, Ann, have two children. 

Carl Rice works as a senior mechanical engi- 
neer for Gould's Modicon Division in Andover, 
MA. 

David Rubinstein is a consultant at Arthur 
Andersen & Co., Boston. 

Wayne Saari currently works as a soft- 
ware engineer at Bendix Grinding Machine in 
Worcester. 

Peter Saloman is a software engineer at 
Wang Laboratories, Lowell, MA. 

Kenneth Scott is chairman of the computer 
and business department at St. Peter-Marian 
High School in Worcester. 

Douglas Sieber holds the post of plant engi- 
neer at Haartz Auto Fabric Company, Acton, 
MA. 

Glen Stimson is an electrical engineer for 
Raytheon, Wayland. MA. He and his wife, 
Deborah, reside in Marlboro. 

Christopher Trolle is a mechanical engineer 
intern at Omega Engineering, Stamford, CT. 



1983 



MARRIED: Stephen Beaudoin to Marsha 
Gallup in West Brewster, MA, on September 



17, 1983. Marsha graduated from UConn and 
is a clinical dietitian at Morton Hospital in 
Taunton. Stephen is with the U.S. Army Re- 
search and Development Laboratory in Natick. 
. . . Mark Boivin and Fern Amuan on Sep- 
tember 24, 1983. in Groton, CT. She is with the 
Naval Underwater Systems Center in New Lon- 
don and he serves as supervisor of chemical 
processes at Yardney's Battery Division in Paw- 
catuck. . . . Sean Cafferty and Sharon Casson 
on September 24, 1983, in Clinton, MA. 
. . . Donna Fitzback and Randy Becker in 
Webster, MA, on June 25, 1983. Donna is a 
programmer at the Commerce Insurance Com- 
pany in Webster. Randy is an accountant at Ar- 
thur Young and Company. Both graduated from 
Nichols College. 

MARRIED: James Houskeeper to Lynn 
Blevins in Enfield, CT, on June 25, 1983. He is 
a mechanical engineer for United Oil Products 
in Bantam. . . . Steven Kelley and Susan Knipe 
in Shrewsbury, MA, on June 19, 1983. Susan, 
a calculation specialist for State Mutual in Dal- 
las, TX, graduated from Quinsigamond Com- 
munity College, Worcester. Steven is an electri- 
cal engineer with Texas Instruments, Dallas. 
. . . Nelson Martel, Jr., and Elaine Racicot on 
August 13, 1983, in Agawam, MA. She at- 
tended UMass, Amherst. He works at IBM in 
Rochester, MN. . . . William McMullan, Jr., 
to Nancy Gallant in Manchester. CT, on August 
20, 1983. Nancy, who attended Our Lady of 
the Elms College, graduated from Worcester 
State College. McMullan is attending RPI's 
Center for Electric Power Engineering in Troy, 
NY. He has been employed as a transmission 
and distribution planning engineer at Common- 
wealth Electric Co. in Wareham. 

MARRIED: Peter Mott, Jr., and Stacey 
Bullock, '82, on September 10, 1983, in Can- 
ton Center, CT. Peter is a software support spe- 
cialist at Digital in Marlboro, MA. . . . 
Richard Tolles and Nancy Ortman in Middle- 
bury, CT, on September 24, 1983. Nancy at- 
tended Worcester State College and was for- 
merly with Shawmut Worcester County Bank. 
Richard is a computer engineer for MicroWare, 
Inc., of Kingston, MA. . . . Kenneth Webber 
and Dale DeLibero on August 13, 1983, in 
Trumbull, CT. Dale is a programmer/analyst 
for Texas Instruments in Attleboro, MA, and 
Kenneth serves as a mechanical engineer at 
Digital Equipment Corp., Tewksbury. . . . 
Nancy Wilkinson and Michael Lincoln in 
Plainville, MA, on September 3, 1983. Nancy, 
a software engineer, is with Sanders Associates 
in Merrimack, NH. Michael graduated from 
King Philip Regional High School and is em- 
ployed in the quality assurance department at 
Metaloy, Inc., Wrentham. 

Sonia Adrianowycz has been employed by 
the Naval Electronic Systems Command in 
Washington, DC. 

Patricia Allard is with GE-Medical in Mil- 
waukee, WI. 

Yuly Aronson is a junior engineer for the 
New York State Department of Transportation. 

Donna Bagdonovich has joined Amicon 
Corporation in Lexington, MA. 

Mark Besse works as a programmer at 
Harris Corp., Rochester, NY. 

Ruth Bibbo has joined GE in Evendale, OH. 

Joseph Boggio is now a field engineering 
representative with GE in Pittsfield, MA. 

Robert Bors is with the Peace Corps in the 
Philippines. 



FEBRUARY 1984 45 



Steven Burns works for Raytheon in Way- 
land, MA. He, his wife. Donna, and their child 
reside in Ashland. 

Robert Bursiewicz is with Condiesel Mobile 
Equipment Corp., Schenectady. NY. 

Renee Cardinal is a member of the technical 
staff at Hughes Aircraft Co. in Fullerton, CA. 

Alan Carpenter serves as a civil engineering 
assistant for the County of Los Angeles in 
California. 

Kevin Cavanaugh has joined the USN Un- 
derwater Systems Center. New London, CT, 
where he is an electronics engineer. 

Edward Clancy works as a design engineer 
forGE in Wilmington, MA. 

Dave Coleman is an associate software spe- 
cialist at Digital Equipment Corp.. Marlboro, 
MA. 

Francis Connolly works for GTE in West- 
boro, MA. 

Michael Connors is a manufacturing engi- 
neer at Torrington (CT) Co. 

James Coyne is now an associate engineer at 
AVCO Systems Division in Wilmington, MA. 

Gary Cromack of Greenfield, MA, is a self- 
employed consulting engineer. 

Sujal Dave works as a software engineer for 
DEC in Andover, MA. 

Richard Dietz works for Digital Equipment 
Co., Maynard, MA. 

Peter DiMarco continues as a science 
teacher at Franklin (MA) High School. 

Christopher Duggan is employed at GTE 
Products Corporation, Westboro, MA. 

Jon Ericson holds the post of commander 
and team chief in the U.S. Army Signal Corps, 
Dugway, UT. 

Currently, Chris Erikson attends graduate 
school at MIT. 

James Flanders holds the post of production 
engineer at Photofabrication Engineering, Inc., 
Holliston, MA. 

Dennis Foley is a manufacturing engineer at 
Texas Instruments in Attleboro, MA. 

Peter Fontana has been named a member 
of the technical staff at Computervision in 
Bedford, MA. 

Staff Sergeant Brian Fuller was recently se- 
lected to attend the U.S. Air Force Officer 
Training School near Lackland AFB, San Anto- 
nio, TX. After graduating as a second lieuten- 
ant, he will be assigned as a developmental en- 
gineer to Hanscom AFB, Bedford, MA. 

Michael Gagnon serves as assistant sales en- 
gineer at Westinghouse Electric in Jericho, NY. 

Jeffrey Giordano is now a career develop- 
ment engineer at Stone & Webster in Boston. 

John Griffin has been named project engi- 
neer at Gillette in Boston, MA. 

Janet Guerrin is currently working for her 
master's in biomedical engineering at Clemson 
University, where she is a graduate assistant. 
She lives in Central, SC. 

Patrick Guida serves as a project engineer at 
Condiesel Mobile Equipment in Waterbury, 
CT. 

Dr. Robert Gundel, who received his MBA 
from WPI last year, is manager of course-ware 
and media products at Data General Corp., 
Westboro, MA. He has a PhD, an MS and a BA 
from the University of Pennsylvania. 

Stan Hargus is a senior engineer with DEC 
in Tewksbury, MA. He received his MS from 
WPI last year. 

Steve Hight serves as a production supervi- 
sor at Procter & Gamble Manufacturing Co., 



Quincy, MA. Steve received the 1983 Charles 
T. Main Student Section Award for his leader- 
ship as chairman of the WPI student section of 
the ASME. 

Yaron Hochman is a product test engineer at 
Analog Devices, Wilmington, MA. 

John Howland holds the post of principal 
engineer at GenRad in Concord, MA. He also 
has degrees from Tulane and UConn. 

Ronald Joy has been employed as a struc- 
tural engineer at Andrews & Clark in Amherst, 
NH. 

Mitchell Kearny, Jr., is now a junior civil 
engineer at General Services Administration in 
Boston. 

John Kociecki serves as a senior engineer at 
Data General. Westboro, MA. He holds a 
BSEE from SUNY at Buffalo. 

Robert Kodrzycki is doing graduate work in 
the department of botany at North Carolina 
State University. He is located in Raleigh. 

Victor Kourey teaches in Leicester, MA. 

Terese Kwiatkowski continues as a graduate 
student at Virginia Polytechnic & State Univer- 
sity in Blacksburg. 

Louis LaForce, who has degrees from St. 
Anselm College and Rivier College in New 
Hampshire, teaches at Triton Regional School 
in Byfield, MA. 

William Lamberti has joined Hamilton 
Standard in Windsor Locks, CT. 

Nora Lane works for GE in Evendale, OH. 

Allen LcBlanc has been named land sur- 
veyor and crew chief for Ewald Engineering 
Co. in Framingham, MA. He lives in Waltham. 

John Letendre has been named an electronic 
engineer at Raytheon in Bedford, MA. 

Karen Lombardo is a civil engineer with the 
New Jersey Department of Transportation in 
Newark. 

William Lopes serves as a manager of utility 
and product design for GE in Fitchburg, MA. 

John Mansour is with the department 
of physics at the University of Rochester in 
New York. 

Robert Massaroni is a student at RPI, 
Troy, NY. 

Nancy McLane has been employed as an en- 
vironmental engineer at GTE Products Corp. in 
Needham, MA. 

Brian McLaughlin is with Sage Laborato- 
ries, Inc., Natick, MA. 

Scott Menard is an estimator for Robert E. 
McK.ee, Inc., Los Angeles, CA. 

Ronald Merkel serves as manager of CAM 
systems at GE in Fitchburg, MA. 

Keith Michaud is working for his MBA at 
Babson College, Babson Park, MA. 

Mark Millay works as a mechanical engi- 
neer for GTE in Westboro, MA. 

Mark Mungeam has been working as an es- 
timator and field assistant for Moore Golf, Inc. , 
of Culpeper, VA, a construction firm that builds 
golf courses and parks. 

Digital has named Stephen Munyan a sys- 
tem programmer. He is located in Nashua, NH. 

Dean Nahatis works for Andrews and 
Clarke, Inc., Engineering Consultants. 

Jim Nesteruk is a manufacturing trainee for 
Harris Graphics in Dover, NH. 

John Nicholson, Jr., works for Naval Elec- 
tronic Systems in Arlington, VA, and resides in 
Falls Church. 

Terence O'Coin serves as scientific pro- 
grammer/analyst at Pratt & Whitney Aircraft in 
East Hartford, CT. 



Lisa Orfan is a programmer/analyst with 
PR. Donnelley & Sons in Old Say brook, CT. 

GTE has employed Mark Padula as 
a mechanical engineer at their facility in 
Westboro, MA. 

David Palus works for Raytheon in Sudbury. 
MA. 

Beth Papianou works for the video products 
division of GE in Portsmouth, VA. 

Christopher Pappas is an applications 
engineer at Data Comm Systems, Inc., 
Framingham, MA. 

Liza Paul, a teaching assistant at MIT, is in 
the PhD program in physical chemistry. 

Aires Pavao works as a senior proposal engi- 
neer at Riley Stoker in Worcester. He has an 
associate engineering degree from Wentworth 
Institute and a BSME from SMU. 

Philip Pearson is an associate programmer/ 
analyst for Data General Corp. in Westboro, 
MA. 

Michael Peszynski has joined Hamilton 
Standard in Windsor Locks, CT. He has an AS 
degree from Hartford State Technical College. 

Nicholas Pirog serves as promotion and sales 
coordinator for Analogic in Danvers, MA. 

Robert Plante serves as a senior analyst at 
New England Electric Systems in Westboro, 
MA. 

Michael Quarrey is with the Resource Pol- 
icy Center at Thayer School of Engineering, 
Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH. 

International Medical Industries of Water- 
town, MA, has employed Mark Robichaud as 
an industrial engineer. 

Ralph Rondinone, Jr., is now a metallurgi- 
cal engineer at Digital Equipment Corp., 
Northboro, MA. 

Anne Saunders has been named an electrical 
design engineer by Hamilton Standard in Wind- 
sor Locks, CT. 

Thomas Shores has been named a mechani- 
cal design engineer by Raytheon of Bedford, 
MA. 

Paul Skerker, a fellowship student, is study- 
ing for his master's degree at Cornell. 

Steven Snyder is a junior member of 
the technical staff at ITT Avionics Division, 
Nutley, NJ. 

Derek Speed works as a technical support 
specialist for Digital Equipment Corporation in 
Marlboro, MA. 

Andy Steere is an associate engineer for NBI 
in Boulder, CO. 

Lynn St. Germain and Maureen Sexton 
spent the summer in Europe. Maureen is an 
MIS consultant for Arthur Andersen & Co., 
Boston. Currently, Lynn is working for ITT in 
Shelton, CT. As the secretary of the Class of 
'83, Lynn requests that her classmates forward 
their current addresses to the Alumni Office so 
they won't miss the class mailings. 

Neil Sullivan is a master's candidate in com- 
puter science at Duke University, Durham, 
NC. 

Ronald Thompson, Jr., serves as a com- 
mercial credit analyst at United Bank of Denver 
in Colorado. 

Michael Thorn has been named assistant sci- 
entist of quality assurance at Northeast Utilities 
in Berlin, CT. 

Jennifer Toomey is with GE in Cincinnati. 

John Vangos works as a quality engineer at 
Computervision in Bedford, MA. 

Vinnie Vignaly is a civil engineer at Guer- 
riere & Halnon, Milford, MA. 



46 WPI JOURNAL 



Robert Wadja is a manufacturing process 
engineer for Sprague Electric in Worcester. 

David Ward is a senior principal software 
engineer at Honeywell in Phoenix, AZ. 

Mary White works as a planning aide for the 
Town of Oxford, MA. 

Stephen Wright has been employed as a me- 
chanical design engineer at Kollmorgen Corp. 
in Northampton, MA. 

School of 

Industrial Management 

Bernie Olmsted, '58, recently retired as man- 
ager of plastics machinery engineering for 
Reed-Prentice Division of Package Machinery 
Company following 44 years of service. He 
now heads B.A. Olmsted & Associates, Inc., 
East Longmeadow, MA (plastic injection 
molding consultants). A registered professional 
engineer, Olmsted has been active with the So- 
ciety of Plastics Engineers and is a past chair- 
man of the Standards and Safety committees of 
the Society of the Plastics Industry's Injection 
Molding Machinery Section. . . . Theresa 
Buckley, '77, has been appointed personnel 
functional manager for the Maynard (MA) mill 



complex of Digital Equipment Corporation. 
The position involves personnel administration 
responsibility for 4,000 employees in a 12- 
building complex through a staff of 35 person- 
nel service administrators. 

William Poist, '77, executive vice president 
of Commonwealth Gas Company, recently re- 
ceived the Albert J. Schwieger Award from 
WPI's School of Industrial Management. He 
joined the company in 1971 as a division man- 
ager in Cambridge. In 1978, he was named ex- 
ecutive vice president. . . . Irving Paton, '78, 
works as a principal marketing specialist at 
Digital Equipment Corp., Merrimack, NH. He 
has a BS in computer systems from Daniel 
Webster College, Nashua. . . . Remi Brancon- 
nier, '82, is currently the chief accountant for 
Worcester Controls Corp., West Boylston, 
MA. 



Natural Science Program 

Larry George, '78, has been named principal 
of the Guilford Central School in Vermont. Pre- 
viously he was principal in Henniker, NH, and 
Amesbury, MA. He received a degree in his- 
tory from Gordon College in 1967. 



COMPLETED Q^REERS 



Joseph K. Schofield, '09, one of WPI's oldest 
living alumni, died in Hartford, CT, on Sep- 
tember 27, 1983, at the age of 98. He was a 
native of Rockville, CT. 

After graduating with his BSME, he attended 
National University (now Georgetown) and re- 
ceived his LLB in 1914. During his career, he 
was an assistant examiner in the U.S. Patent 
Office, Washington, DC, and assistant patent 
counsel for Ingersoll Rand, New York City. For 
more than 40 years he was a patent counsel for 
Pratt & Whitney in Hartford. 

Mr. Schofield, who belonged to ATO, also 
was a member of the ABA, the Connecticut Bar 
Association and the American Patent Law As- 
sociation. A former longtime consultant for the 
Smithsonian Institution, he was a member of 
the University Club, the Chemist Club (New 
York) and the Masons (32nd degree). For more 
than 50 years he belonged to the Hartford Cho- 
ral Club and the Unitarian Church, both in 
Hartford. He was a former president of the 
Hartford and Washington (DC) chapters of the 
Alumni Association. 

Howard P. King, '12, of Bloomfield, NJ, a 
retired patent lawyer, passed away recently. He 
was born in Washington, DC, on February 17, 
1890. 

After studying civil engineering at WPI, he 
entered New Jersey Law School, now Rutgers. 
He had been employed as a patent attorney by 
the U.S. Patent Office, Mason, Fen wick & 
Lawrence, DeForest Radio and Arcturus Radio 
Tube Co. In 1955 he retired from the patent 
department of Westinghouse in Bloomfield, 
NJ. For a tinie he was a self-employed patent 
lawyer and belonged to several patent law 
societies. 



Helmer P. Johnson, '20, a former executive 
with Viko Shoe Co. of Worcester, died at his 
home in West Boylston, MA, on August 11, 
1983. He was 86. 

Born in Worcester, he graduated as a civil 
engineer from WPI. He was president and 
treasurer of Viko Shoe Co. for 44 years, prior 
to retiring in 1965. He had been a director of 
the Guaranty Bank and Trust Co. , trustee of the 
Swedish Cemetery Corp. and superintendent of 
the Sunday School of Salem Covenant Church. 
He belonged to ATO and Sigma Xi. In World 
War I he served with the U.S. Army. 

Aldo P. Greco, '23, of Lewisburg, PA, retired 
vice president of Champ Hats, Inc., died in 
July. He was born in Lavina, Italy, on July 29, 
1900. 

A graduate mechanical engineer, Mr. Greco 
had been employed by Simonds Saw & Steel 
Co., Woodward Wanger Co., Publicker Indus- 
tries and Ace Mfg. Co., all in Philadelphia. 
The retired vice president in charge of pro- 
duction of Champ Hats, Sunbury, PA, he 
held a professional ME degree from WPI and 
an MBA from Harvard. He was a former presi- 
dent of the Philadelphia chapter of the Alumni 
Association, as well as an Alumni Council 
representative. 

William B. Gould III, '25, a pioneer in 
electronics, died at Monmouth Medical Center 
in Long Branch, NJ, on August 15, 1983. He 
was 8 1 . 

After studying electrical engineering at WPI, 
he was later employed by WTAG in Worcester, 
Western Electric Co., RCA, the City of Boston 
and the (MA) Metropolitan District Commis- 
sion. From 1940 to 1947 he was a senior radio 



engineer at the Signal Corps Engineering Labs 
in Belmar, NJ. Before retiring in 1969, he was a 
civilian electronic engineer at Fort Monmouth 
for 29 years. 

While at Fort Monmouth, he directed re- 
search relating to the application of radio and 
radar equipment for meteorological problems, 
as well as the instrumentation of the long-dis- 
tance guided missile for Cape Canaveral in 
1950. In World War II, he was responsible for 
the installation and operation of early-waming 
radar equipment on the West Coast. Also, he 
helped develop radar equipment in all three 
stages: spark gap transmitter, vacuum tube and 
solid state. 

Mr. Gould had been an amateur radio opera- 
tor since 1914 and a licensed amateur first class 
radio operator from 1919 until his death. He 
belonged to the American Radio Relay League, 
the National Audubon Society, the Antique 
Wireless Association and the Garden State 
Wireless Pioneers. He was a life member of the 
IEEE and belonged to the Veteran Wireless Op- 
erators Association, the Morse Telegraph Club 
and the Century Wireless Association (charter 
member). 

Arthur W. Haley, '26, of Columbus, OH, 
died suddenly on August 28, 1983. An electri- 
cal engineering graduate, he was bom on Feb- 
ruary 4, 1902, in Princeton, MA. 

From graduation until his retirement in 1965, 
Mr. Haley was with Westinghouse Electric 
Corp., which he had served as a production 
supervisor, design engineer and section man- 
ager for refrigeration units. He belonged to 
Sigma Phi Epsilon, the Masons and the Ameri- 
can Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air 
Conditioning Engineers. He was a former vice 
president of the Connecticut Valley chapter of 
the Alumni Association. 

Elmer Hansen, '26, the retired head of the 
electrical engineering section of the Pennsylva- 
nia Power & Light Co., Allentown, PA, died 
on August 18, 1983, at the age of 79. He was a 
native of Portland, ME. 

After receiving his BSEE, he joined GE and 
was later employed by Iowa Electric Light & 
Power Co., W. R. Grace & Co., American & 
Foreign Power Corp. and Florida Power Corp. 
From 1948 until his retirement in 1969, he was 
with the Pennsylvania Power & Light Co. gen- 
erating station in Allentown. Prior to being pro- 
moted to section head, he had been senior proj- 
ect engineer in the electrical engineering 
department. He belonged to the AIEE, the IRE 
and the Masons. 

An avid cyclist, he often gave talks on bicy- 
cling. He was active in Congregational Church 
work for many years. 

Walton P. Lewis, '28, a retired Navy com- 
mander and former president of the Worcester 
City Council, died July 23, 1983, in Laconia, 
NH. He was 77. 

Initially a member of the Class of 1928, Mr. 
Lewis actually graduated with his BSEE in 
1954. From 1930 until 1952, he was employed 
by American Steel & Wire, Worcester, where 
he served as an electrical cable engineer and 
consultant for defense projects. For 20 years he 
was an electronics engineer with the Navy, re- 
tiring in 1967. Other employers were RCA and 
Raytheon. He had retired from Eagles Mere 
Realty, Gilford, NH. 



FEBRUARY 1984 47 



While in Worcester, he was a city councilman 
and president of the Cit> Council He belonged 
to the Aletheia Grotto, the Masons and \arious 
Republican clubs, as well as to the U.S. Naval 
Institute, the A1EE and ATO He was a charter 
member of the Worcester chapter of De Mola> . 

N. Albert Anderson. '32. died at his home in 
East Dennis. MA. on July 20. 1983. at the age 
of 77. A Worcester native, he graduated as an 
electrical engineer from WP1 

From 1924 until 1928 he was a lab assistant 
in the WP1 physics department. He was then 
with Norton Co., IBM and Sylvania Electric. 
He rejoined Norton in 1943. During his career 
with the company, he served as a machine elec- 
trical engineer with the machine division and as 
chief electrical engineer for the machine tool 
division, prior to his retirement in 1966. 

Mr. Anderson, a former member of Central 
Congregational Church. Worcester, belonged to 
the AIEE and the electrical standards commit- 
tee of the National Machine Tool Builders As- 
sociation. He was a registered professional en- 
gineer in Massachusetts 

Raymond H. Lynch. '32. retired vice presi- 
dent for Lev Construction Co. . died at his home 
in West Springfield. MA. on July 19. 1983. He 
was "2 and a native of Hopedale. MA 

He graduated as a civil engineer. During his 
career, his employers were J G. Roy & Sons. 
Co.. Fiske-Carter Co. and Ley Construction. 
from which he retired in 1975 as vice president 
Until 1981 he was a consultant for Monsanto 
Co.. Springfield. 

A registered professional engineer, he be- 
longed to PKT. Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi He 
was a member of St. Thomas the Apostle 
Church, the Knights of Columbus and the 
Springfield Council of Retired Executives 

Emil C. Ostlund. '33, of Pocasset. MA. 

drowned when he fell overboard while lobster- 
ing off Wing's Neck. He was bom in Brockton 
on June 10. 1911. 

After graduating with his BSME. he joined 
U.S. Rubber Co. He then worked for American 
Steel & Wire Co.. a division of U.S. Steel in 
Worcester. Later, as chief industrial engineer 
for U.S. Steel, he was transferred to Cleveland, 
then Pittsburgh. From 1966 until 1968. he 
served as a U.S. Steel consultant in Spain. He 
retired in 1969. 

Mr. Ostlund belonged to ATO. Tau Beta Pi. 
the Society for Advancement of Management 
and the Cleveland Engineering Society Active 
in alumni affairs, he had been president of the 
Cleveland chapter of the Alumni Association, 
captain for the Alumni Fund, chairman for the 
capital gifts campaign and a member of the 
Alumni Council. He was a professional engi- 
neer in Ohio and Massachusetts. 

Dwight J. Dwinell. '34, a retired manager for 
GTE SyKania. died in Newport. VT. on Sep- 
tember 30. 1983. at the age of 71 He was a 
native of Orleans. VT. and a graduate mechani- 
cal engineer. 

In 1973. he retired as manager of equipment 
design for GTE Sylvania. Inc.. at the compa- 
ny's equipment development plant in Salem. 
MA He had been with the company for 37 
years. Assigned to the lighting division, he be- 
came chief engineer and held several patents. 

Mr. Dwinell. a President's Advisory Council 



member, belonged to the ASTME and the 
ASME and had been active in Congregational 
church work. He was a former vice president of 
the North Shore chapter of the Alumni Associa- 
tion and had worked for the Alumni Fund and 
for the Committee on Students. 

Carl W. Larson. '40, a retired Navy lieutenant 
commander, died in Memorial Hospital in Wor- 
cester on July 19. 1983. at the age of 85. 

A Worcester native, he held a BS from 
Northeastern and an MSME from WPI. From 
1 923 until 1 94 1 he w as an instructor in mechan- 
ical engineering at WPI Also, he had taught 
at Purdue University and Ann Arbor State 
College 

He enlisted in the Navy in 1941 and became a 
lieutenant commander in 1942 During World 
War II. while serving with the Bureau of Ships, 
he received a citation from the Secretary of the 
Navy. He was a member of the Naval Reserves 
until 1963. Later he became a civil engineer in 
the assessor's office in Worcester, as well as at 



In Remembrance 
and Tribute 

Professor Richard V. ("Ollie") Olson. 
'54. Assistant Professor of Mathematics, 
died in August 1983. The recently estab- 
lished Richard V. Olson Memorial Award 
will be a cash prize given each year to a 
WPI sophomore who demonstrates out- 
standing performance in the Basic Mathe- 
matics Sequence. 

The award is designed to recognize and 
honor Ollie s dedication to the education 
of WPI students. On the college faculty 
since 1962. he had developed close rap- 
port with his students and maintained 
many friendships among alumni. 

To endow this award. WPI has instituted 
the Richard V. Olson Memorial Fund. A 
faculty committee has been appointed to 
administer the Fund. 

If you'd like to help in maintaining this 
worthy award, please write: 

Sharon C. Davis 

Alumni Office 

Boynton Hall. 3rd Floor 

Worcester Polytechnic Institute 

Worcester. MA 01609 



the Worcester County Electric Co.. where he 
helped design a central steam generating plant. 
Active with the Salem Covenant Church, he 
also belonged to the Reserve Officers of the 
United States, the Retired Officers Association, 
the Military Order of the World Wars and the 
Retired State. County & Municipal Employees 
Association of Massachusetts. 

Dr Robert L. Messier, '40. editor of Chemi- 
cal Abstracts. Ohio State University. Colum- 
bus, died on August 14. 1983. He was bom in 



Worcester on Sept. 13. 1917, and was a gradu- 
ate chemist. 

He joined the magazine, which is a publica- 
tion of the American Chemical Society, in 
1945. after receiving his MS in food technology 
from the University of Massachusetts and his 
PhD in biochemistry from Cornell. He be- 
longed to the ACS and the American Documen- 
tation Institute. 

Francis J. Boyle, '41, a retired mechanical en- 
gineer from the Bendix Corp.. passed away on 
September 22. 1983. in Wichita. KS. at the age 
of 64. He was a native of Saugus. MA. 

During his career. Mr. Boyle was with Bryant 
Chucking Grinder Co.. Matthews Mfg. Co., 
Lapointe Machine Tool Co. and Continental 
Screw Co. At the time of his retirement, he was 
a senior project engineer for Bendix in Kansas 
City. MO He was a member of the Society of 
Automotive Engineers, the American Legion 
and the Elks. A retired USNR commander, in 
World War II he served in Alaska. 

H. William Thatcher, '52, died in Savannah. 
GA. on August 25. 1983. at the age of 57. He 
was bom in Milford. MA. and received his 
BSME from WPI. 

At the time of his death, he was chief engi- 
neer of research and development at Hazlehurst 
(GA) Mills, a subsidiary of American Oil Corp. 
Previously, he worked for many years at the 
former Draper Corp. in Hopedale. MA. and at 
Molded Plastics Co. in Worcester. 

He had belonged to the ASME. Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon. the Hopedale Country Club (charter 
member) and the Hazlehurst Country Club 
(board of directors). 

Rodney C. Lewis. '76, formerly of Uxbridge. 
MA. died in August after being hit by a truck in 
North Carolina. 

He received his BS in physics from WPI and 
later won a scholarship from MIT's Lincoln 
Laboratory in Lexington. MA. where he 
worked as a scientific programmer. Recently he 
was nominated for a doctorate in physics. 

Capt. Brian S. Besser, '79, died in Jedda. 
West Saudi Arabia, on September 2. 1983. 
while diving with a fellow Army officer in the 
Red Sea. He suffered an embolism while he 
was rescuing his companion whose tank had 
runout of oxygen. 

He was bom on May 5. 1957, in Providence, 
RI. In 1979 he graduated as a civil engineer. 
While with the RGTC at WPI. he was awarded 
the Cadet of the Year Award. The Army Meri- 
torious Service Award has been given to his 
parents for his work in the construction of a 
military base in Saudi Arabia. Active with the 
Boy Scouts, he also held the Eagle Scout 
Award. He belonged to the Baptist Church and 
Zeta Psi. 

Theresa A. Veager. '81, died in Hartford. CT. 
on July 24. 1983. She was 24. 

A native of Levittown. PA. she was bom on 
Feb. 24. 1959. After studying at WPI. she 
graduated with a BS in engineering from Co- 
lumbia University's School of Engineering. She 
had recently completed the master's program at 
the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. 

At the time of her death, she was with the 
engineering division of Pran & Whitney in East 
Hartford. CT 



48 WPI JOURNAL 




FEEDBACK 



A Note to the Parents 
of WPI Students 

We are pleased to announce that, begin- 
ning with this issue, you will receive the 
Journal with the compliments of the col- 
lege. We hope it provides you with a 
closer look at. and a better understanding 
of. WPI. We'll welcome your comments. 

Who's on First? 

Editor: In 1954. Alan and I enrolled in 
WPI's Graduate Physics Program. This 
program was set up in the evening (a proud 
first for the Physics Department), enabling 
us to continue our education while work- 
ing at the research lab of American Optical 
Company in Southbridge. 
Alan and I completed all the require- 



ments for the degree, and we received our 
M.S. degrees in Physics in June 1957. I 
was the first woman graduate of Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute. 

As I recall, the only inconvenience (for 
me as a woman) was overcome by my car- 
rying a "LADIES* - sign to post over the 
rest rooms on the evenings I attended 
classes and had to use such facilities. 

Audrey Michaels Carlan. '57 MSPH 

As Judith Nitsch, '75, reported in her 
i story on women at WPI (August 1983), 
Leslie Small Zorabedian. '72, was the first 
woman undergraduate at WPI. —Ed. 

Counting on You 

The August 1983 Journal presented a pot- 



pourri of "Megameanings." Solomon 
Golomb's conversion table for scientific 
units, indicating a series of precise numer- 
ical relationships. Here are some addi- 
tional Megameanings. submitted by a 
couple of our more. um. creative readers. 

\(T microspheres = 2 hemispheres 
10" counters = 1 gigacounter 
6 gongs = 1 hexagon 
100 rabbits (hares) = 1 hectare 
1 three-car collision = 1 trident 
10^ bucks = 1 megabuck 

-Walter Teal. '78 

l/10Arnaz = 1 Deci Arnaz 

10" babies = 1 giga gugu gaga 

—Mark Lepkowski. '82 



TRADITION 




It's the heart of every Reunion Weekend. 

Make plans now to renew friendships, rediscover WPI and 
take home more fond memories of your alma mater. 

May 31-June 3, 1984 

For the Classes of 1924, 1929, 1934, 1939. 1944, 1949. 1954, 1959 and 1964. 



WPI Journal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC •A\-TITL1T 




Catching 

Clouds Atop 

Mk Washington 



WPI J ournal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



VOLUME 87, NUMBER 4 



Staff of THE WPI JOURNAL 

Editor, Kenneth L. McDonnell 

Alumni Information Editor, Ruth S. Trask 

Sports Editor, Gene Blaum 

Alumni Publications Committee: Donald E. 
Ross, '54, chair; Robert C. Gosling, '68; 
Samuel W. Mencow, '37; Stanley R Negus, 
Jr., '54; Judith Nitsch, '75. 

The WPI Journal (ISSN 0148-6128) is pub- 
lished quarterly for the WPI Alumni Associa- 
tion by Worcester Polytechnic Institute in coop- 
eration with the Alumni Magazine Consortium, 
with editorial offices at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, MD 21218. Pages I-XVI are 
published for the Alumni Magazine Consor- 
tium (Franklin and Marshall College, Hartwick 
College, Johns Hopkins University, Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute) and appear in the respective alumni 
magazines of those institutions. Second class 
postage paid at Worcester, MA, and additional 
mailing offices. Pages 1-18, 35-52, ®1984 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Pages I-XVI 
® 1984, the Johns Hopkins University. 

Staff of the Alumni Magazine Consortium: 

Editor, Mary Ruth Yoe; Production Coordina- 
tor. Amy Doudiken; Designer, Ellen Cohen; 
Editorial Assistant, Claire E. Brown 

Advisory Board for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium: Franklin and Marshall College, 
Gerald Eckert and Judy Durand; Hartwick Col- 
lege, Philip Benoit and Merrilee Gomillion; 
Johns Hopkins University, B.J. Norris and 
Elise Hancock; Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute. Lynn Holley and Robert M. Whitaker; 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Donald F. 
Berth and Kenneth L. McDonnell. 

Acknowledgments: 

Typesetting, BG Composition Inc.; Printing, 
American Press Inc. 



Diverse views on subjects of public interest are 
presented in the magazine. These views do not 
necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or 
official policies of WPI. Address correspon- 
dence to the Editor, The WPI Journal, Worces- 
ter Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 
01609. Telephone (617) 793-5609. Postmaster: 
If undeliverable please send form 3579 to the 
address above. Do not return publication. 



CONTENTS 



MAY 1984 



5 The Future through Computers 

A revolution beyond work-saving gadgets. 
Dr. Louis Robinson 

6 WPFs Changing of the Deans 

Kenneth McDonnell 

10 A Big Stakes Game 

Jim Hohorst, '76, CE, at Merrill Lynch. 

12 Investing in the Future 

WPI's endowment is at an all-time high. 

14 To Catch a Cloud 

Are acid clouds as dangerous as acid rain? 
WPI students climbed a mountain to find out. 
Michael Shanley 

18 Mr. Coordination Chemistry 



I Getting Down to the Bottom Line 

On how to interpret an annual report. 
Mary Ruth Yoe 

IV Bowie Kuhn and Baseball 

Presiding as the game became an industry. 
Eric Garland 

X What's the No. 1 Number? 

Counting down the Top Ten digits. 
Robert Kanigel 

34 Alumni get into the Admissions Act 

Walter J. Bank, '46 EE 

Departments 

News from the Hill 2 
Class Notes 38 
Completed Careers 49 




PageX 
Cover: Atop New Hamsphire's Mt. Washington, Bruce Daube. '84 ME, tends the cloud 
collector he and three other students designed and built. Photo by Andrew Cott, "85 EE. 
Opposite: A Biology and Biotechnology student adjusts a perfusion apparatus that can keep 
this rats heart "alive" for hours (Michael Carroll photo). 



MAY 1984 1 



NEWS FROM THE HILL 




Howard G. Freeman 



A Change at the Helm 

Howard G. Freeman. '40 ME. '47 
MSME. chairman and president of James- 
bun. Corp.. Worcester, was elected chair- 
man of the Board of Trustees of WPI. ef- 
fective January 1. 1984. He succeeds Paul 
B. Morgan. '30. president of Morgan 
Construction Co.. Worcester, who served 
as chairman for five years. 

Irving James Donahue. '44 ME. presi- 
dent of Donahue Industries Inc.. Shrews- 
bun., was elected vice chairman of the 
Board, succeeding Freeman in this post. 

Freeman has been a Board member 
since 1969. He is a director of Rodney 
Hunt Company, the Stewart Systems 
Corp. and the Icon Corp. He is also a 
trustee of the Worcester Art Museum. 

In 1972. Freeman received the WPI 
Goddard Award in recognition of distin- 
guished professional achievement. The 
award is named after Robert Goddard. 
'08. the father of rocket-powered flight. 
Freeman was also awarded the 1976 Engi- 
neering Society Achievement Award for 
inventions, patents, and contributions to 
valve manufacturing. In 1981 Central 
New England College awarded him an 
honorary doctorate in management. 

Morgan currently serves as chairman of 
the Worcester Charter Commission. He 
will continue as a WPI trustee-at-large. He 



joined the Board in 1966, succeeding his 
late father. Philip M. Morgan, to become 
the fourth generation of his family to serve 
on the WPI Board. 



Construction Update 

At press time, construction of WPI's sixth 
residence center was about to begin, with 
occupancy planned for September 1985. 

The center, as yet unnamed, will be lo- 
cated between Boynton and Dean streets in 
the block bounded by Institute Road and 
Salisbury Street. The estimated cost for 
construction and furnishings is S7 million. 
The new center, on a site that includes the 
WPI tennis courts, is in an area where 
seven fraternities and one sorority are lo- 
cated. 

This new residence center will provide 
on-campus housing for 229 students." said 
WPI President Edmund T Cranch in an- 
nouncing construction plans. "It will meet 
the needs of a large portion of those stu- 
dents who prefer to live on campus after 
the freshman year but— because of limited 
dormitory space— now must compete for 
rental housing in Worcester." 

For several years, upperclassmen desir- 



ing campus housing have had to partici- 
pate in a lottery. The new center will 
greatly alleviate, though not eliminate, the 
present shortage. 

The center will be four floors high, of 
red-brick construction with a sloping roof. 
The building will be constructed in a series 
of offset, connecting sections. Housing 
will be provided for both men and women. 

The center will also contain complete 
dining facilities for residents. (When the 
building is completed. WPI will operate 
two separate kitchens and student dining 
rooms at opposite ends of the campus.) 
Located in the basement will be a study 
area and space reserved for computer ter- 
minals. 

Site preparation involves the removal of 
Five college-owned houses. The WPI ten- 
nis courts at the comer of Boynton Street 
and Institute Road will also be relocated. 

This will be WPI's First new building 
since completion of the Ellsworth and 
Fuller residence centers in 1973. Since 
then, construction funds have been di- 
rected toward renovation: In 1976, the col- 
lege's First dormitory, Sanford Riley Hall, 
was fully renovated, and the following 
year, Salisbury Laboratories, built in 
1887, were completely modernized. 




Residence Hall 6 will house more than 225 students. Its architecture reflects the 
traditional lines of Sanford Riley. 



2 WPI JOURNAL 



Boynton Hall— one of WPI's two origi- 
nal buildings, constructed in 1868— was 
then vacated for a year to enable workmen 
to renovate its interior. Atwater Kent Lab- 
oratories were renovated and expanded in 
1981 to modernize electrical engineering 
laboratories and to provide a home for the 
rapidly expanding Department of Com- 
puter Science. 

WPI's other original building, the 
Washburn Shops, is now undergoing reno- 
vation. Work began last spring, and a por- 
tion of the building was completed in time 
for occupancy this past February. Work on 
the original wing will be completed this 
summer. 

"With the end of the current renovation 
projects, our campus physical plant will be 
in excellent condition," said Dr. Cranch. 
"Renovation has enabled WPI to modern- 
ize its laboratory and classroom facilities 
to meet today's educational needs while at 
the same time preserving the architectural 
heritage of the college." 



Winter Sports: 
The Beat Goes On 

Exciting and successful: this was the 
1983-84 winter sport season for WPI var- 
sity athletics. All season, outstanding indi- 
vidual accomplishments combined with 
cohesive and spirited team play, enabling 
WPI to achieve one of its best seasons in 
recent memory. 

Head coach Phil Grebinar's wrestling 
team enjoyed its eighth consecutive win- 
ning season as the Engineers finished with 
an 18-3 dual-meet record and placed third 
at the New England Division III champi- 
onships. Senior Stu MacEachern, EE, Sci- 
tuate, MA, and junior Roland Marquis, 
ME, Nashua, NH, won the 150- and 126- 
pound weight classes, respectively, at the 
New Englands and advanced to the NCAA 
Division III national championships. 

Senior Rich Testa, CE, Wayland, MA, 
had an equally outstanding year, finishing 
with a dazzling 18-1 record, which set a 




Stu MacEachern, New England Division III 150-lb. class wrestling champion. 



school mark for most dual-meet victories 
in a season. Testa also tied the school rec- 
ord for most pins in a year, with 1 1 . 

Across the hall in Harrington Audito- 
rium, the men's and women's basketball 
teams chalked up victories as the men re- 
bounded from a 1-3 start to win 13 of their 
last 19 games and finish with a 14-9 rec- 
ord. 

Coach Ken Kaufman's club enjoyed its 
third consecutive winning year, a feat that 
hadn't been accomplished at WPI since 
the 1938-39, 1939-40 and 1940-41 sea- 
sons. This year's campaign saw junior 
guards Orville Bailey, ME, Springfield, 
MA (1,180 career points) and Gregg 
Fiddes, MEB, Webster, MA (1,01 1 career 
points) break the coveted 1 ,000-point pla- 
teau. The high scoring backcourt duo cur- 
rently stand fifth and eighth, respectively, 
on the all-time WPI scoring list. 

Freshman center John Loonie, CS, 
Brockton, MA, emerged as a towering 
weapon, averaging 10 points and 9 re- 
bounds a game. In addition he broke the 
school record for blocked shots in a sea- 
son, with 49. Next season, WPI will have 
to replace the performance and leadership 
of seniors Chris Roche, EE, East Haven, 
CT, and Larry Manor, EE, Hudson, NH. 
Roche finished his career by averaging 13 



points a game, while Manor was second in 
rebounding with 153. 

Meanwhile, women's basketball earned 
its first NCAA Tournament invitation and 
concluded the season at 20-4, the best rec- 
ord in their eight seasons of varsity play. 
Senior center Chiara Whalen, CE, Brick, 
NJ, accomplished something no other bas- 
ketball player at WPI has ever done: be- 
coming the first to tally more than 1 ,000 
points and 1,000 rebounds in a career. 
Chiara finished second in women's scoring 
with 1 ,376 points and as the top rebounder 
with 1,153. 

As the season ended, head coach Sue 
Chapman, who has compiled a 108-52 
record in eight years, was named New En- 
gland Division III Women's Coach of the 
Year by the New England Women's Bas- 
ketball Association. She received tremen- 
dous performances all season from sopho- 
mores Cathy Murray, CM, Berkeley 
Heights, NJ; Kim Fay, MG, Nashua, NH; 
Mara Catlin, EE, Shelton, CT; and Donna 
Leonard, ME, North Easton, MA; and 
from freshman Cindy Perkins, MA, 
Nashua, NH. 

Finally, the men's swimming team con- 
tinued its resurgence by winning six dual 
meets as juniors Bruce Carbone, ME, 
Leominster, MA, and Dave Jalbert. ME, 



MAY 1984 3 



West Simsbury. CT. continued to rewrite 
the school record book. Carbone set new 
marks in 200 and 400 individual medleys. 
while Jalbert etched his name in the swim- 
ming annals in the 60 freestyle. 

—Gene Blaum 
Sports Information Director 
Gene succeeds Mark Mandel, who last 
December accepted a position as Sports 
Information Director at Washington & Lee 
University; Lexington, VA. 



$1.2 Million Grant for 
Computers 

The George I. Alden Trust of Worcester 
has awarded WPI SI. 2 million to help in- 
tegrate computers into the Institute's aca- 
demic programs. The grant will be used 
largely by faculty to computerize their 
classes, projects and experiments. The re- 
mainder will be set aside to begin a fund to 
plan and build new space for the Computer 
Science and Electrical Engineering depart- 
ments, two of WPI's fastest-growing pro- 
grams. 

Commenting on the grant. WPI Presi- 
dent Edmund T. Cranch said. "The infor- 
mation revolution, like the Industrial Rev- 
olution that began here in New England 
more than a century ago, will revolution- 
ize education, how we work, and life in 
general. Colleges must provide students in 
all disciplines with the expertise to use the 
power of the computer in a host of contem- 
porary applications." 

George I. Alden. who taught mechani- 
cal engineering at WPI for nearly three 
decades, was a founder of the Norton 
Company in 1885. The Alden Trust also 
provided funds for constructing Alden 
Memorial Hall and for renovating Salis- 
bury Labs and Atwater Kent Labs. 

New Role for Hebert 

To the vast majority of alumni, Stephen J. 
Hebert. 66 CE, is "Mr. WPI." He has 



served as Director of Alumni Affairs since 
1971 and joined the Office of University 
Relations in 1969. 

Steve's role will be shifting somewhat in 
the months and years ahead. Effective 
February 1, 1984, Steve has been ap- 
pointed Director of Development and 
Alumni Relations at WPI. According to 
Donald F. Berth, "57 CHE, Vice Presi- 
dent. University Relations, in his new post 
Steve will be responsible for major-gifts 
development and planned giving, as well 
as alumni affairs. 

"Steve has achieved an enviable record 
in alumni affairs," says Berth. "He enjoys 
the fullest confidence and trust of all of us 
who've worked with him, both on and off 
campus. I know of no other individual 
more ably suited to undertake this vital 
role." 

Under Steve's leadership, the number of 
alumni actively involved in WPI programs 
has grown tenfold. The Alumni Annual 
Fund has received five consecutive U.S. 
Steel Awards, honoring WPI's campaign 
as one of the most successful collegiate 
programs in the nation. Only Dartmouth 



i 



** 



% 



Steve Hebert, '66 CE, now oversees ma- 
jor gifts and alumni affairs. 



College and the University of Michigan 
have achieved similar records of distinc- 
tion. 

While a student at WPI, Steve was pres- 
ident of Skull, the senior honor society. 
Following graduation, he returned to 
Springfield, VT, as teacher and athletic 
coach in the public-school system. 

He joined WPI in 1969 as assistant 
alumni secretary-treasurer and editor of 
the WPI Journal. Steve serves on the ex- 
ecutive committee of the New England re- 
gion of the Council for the Advancement 
and Support of Education (CASE) as well 
as on CASE'S national management advi- 
sory committee. He is also past chairman 
of the New England Alumni Trust, a con- 
sortium of 100 colleges and universities. 

In his free time, which may become 
even scarcer now, Steve is a local basket- 
ball official and has been seen stalking lit- 
tle white balls on the fairways of Wor- 
cester Country Club. 

Tuition Climbs 

In a letter sent to parents in late February, 
President Edmund T. Cranch announced a 
9.6 percent rise in tuition for the 1984-85 
academic year, up from $7,300 in 1983- 
84, to $8,000. The increase will be ac- 
companied by rises in room and board. 
The actual cost to students, however, will 
depend on the accommodations and meal 
plans they choose. For most students liv- 
ing on campus, the cost of a year of tui- 
tion, room and board will amount to about 
$11,100. 

Major investments in the use of com- 
puters in core courses, projects and labora- 
tory instruction contribute to these in- 
creases, Dr. Cranch said. "To ensure the 
accessability of a WPI education, we are 
making every effort to minimize relative 
erosion in our financial-aid program." Last 
year, WPI provided some S3.1 million of 
its own funds for financial aid, spread 
among 1,250 students. "We've made 
every effort to keep tuition hikes to a mini- 
mum," he added. 



4 WPI JOURNAL 



Redefining 

the Future 

Through Computers 



By Dr. Louis Robinson 



Each morning on New York City's Sev- 
enth Avenue, in the heart of the gar- 
ment district, a man (or woman) dons 
a white coat and steps to a worktable. He 
unrolls a bolt of cloth, smooths it on the 
table, and examines it for imperfections. 

Cantilevered over the table is a device 
resembling an X-ray machine. Finding an 
imperfection in the fabric, the man moves 
the cross-hairs aiming system of the device 
until it shines directly onto the defect. By 
pressing a control button, he tells the ma- 
chine's computer system to memorize the 
blemish's exact geometric location. He re- 
peats this examination until his trained eye 
has located every defect. 

Now, checking the order before him— 
perhaps for a woman's size 9 dress— he 
keys that information into the system. All 
the rules and formulae for this particular 
dress's pattern, coupled with adjustments 
for the order at hand, reside in another part 
of the computer's memory. 

Next, the computer lays out the pattern 
on the fabric, guaranteeing that the partem 
never intersects with any of the imperfec- 
tions already identified. The system also 
ensures that the least possible cloth is 
used, while allowing for proper matching 
of the cloth's design. This done, the 
worker presses another button, and a laser 
beam shines from the device, cutting the 
cloth with glistening speed. 



And when the man goes home at night 
and someone asks him what he does for a 
living, he replies. "I'm a tailor." And he is 
a tailor— using technology that is redefin- 
ing the way he works. 

Across town, over coffee, a writer 
L\ friend of mine queries, "So where is 

1 Lit?" 

"Where's what?" I reply. "The revolu- 
tion." she says. "The computer revolu- 
tion. I still have to vacuum the rugs and 
drive the kids to dance class and prepare 
dinner. How has the computer changed mv 
life' 7 " 

The misconception is common enough. 
But we're not talking so much about 
mechanized automation when we refer to 
the so-called computer revolution. Rather, 
we're describing technologies that bring 
about radically improved changes in how 
we manage information: recording, tran- 
scribing, organizing, manipulating and 
retrieving information, data, facts and fig- 
ures—call it what you want. The computer 
is simply the symbol of this age of con- 
stant change. 

To put this amazing technology into per- 
spective, let's visit an earlier player in the 
drama unfolding: one Johann Gutenberg. 
Some 500 years ago. Gutenberg's inven- 
tion of movable type opened the gates to 
literacy. He gave us our books and our 



newspapers: and he had a hand in virtually 
every facet of a rapidly changing world 
society. 

But imagine asking Gutenberg to predict 
the dramatic consequences of movable 
type on our lives. What was the big impact 
of movable type, skeptics might ask. be- 
sides, maybe, the invention of printing, 
besides the way we educate ourselves, be- 
sides how we think about life, besides how 
we work and play. . . ! 

In this way, computers are a lot like 
movable type, yet to ask for the exact enu- 
meration of the computer's future impact 
would be as absurd as asking Gutenberg. 
500 years ago. to predict the broadest im- 
pact of his invention. For today, changes 
are occurring much, much faster. 

Foreseeing the trends for the next 10 to 
20 years, let alone five centuries hence, is 
no less impossible for us than it was for 
Johann. And working in research or edu- 
cation or business doesn't guarantee a 
clear crystal ball, either. In fact, technolo- 
gists historically have been very poor fore- 
casters of the long-term implications of 
their work. In 1926. for example. Dr. Lee 
DeForest. who invented the vacuum tube, 
used later (before transistors) in radios and 
TVs, wrote. "Commercially and finan- 
cially. I consider [television] an impossi- 
bility, a development on which we need 
waste little time dreaming." 

But as the French poet and philosopher 
Antoine de Saint-Exupery once observed. 
"As for the future, your task is not to fore- 
see but to enable." Enabling: this is the 
mission of the computer. 

It's easy to entertain the conceit that 
computers will never be much more 
modern than they are today. We may 
believe that we've seen the ultimate in 
things like cryogenic circuits, bubble 
memories, ink jet printers and gas panel 
displays. But history instructs that these 
technologies will soon appear dated. Com- 
puters will become faster, more reliable; 
there will be breakthroughs in program- 

continued on inside back cover 



MAY 19S4 



A Threshold Crossed 

Vice President and Dean of the Faculty Ray E. Bolz retires in June. From his Boynton Hall 

office he's watched over a college that in his 1 1 years here has recharted its course. 

He's also looked out on downtown Worcester, a city revitalized by its ability to grab 

opportunity. Yet this perspective symbolizes the growing need to bring more public and 

private backing "up the Hill" to a WPI intent on earning greater national recognition. 

And it's from this office that Ray Bolz's successor, Dr. Richard H. Gallagher, 

will take up the challenge. 



By Kenneth McDonnell 



It was over the shrimp bowl at a confer- 
ence of engineering educators that then 
WPI President Dr. George Hazzard ap- 
proached his old friend. Ray Bolz, who at 
the time was dean of engineering at Case 
Western Reserve Universit> . 

"Know of anyone qualified to get a new 
way of teaching engineering and science 
up and running?" was Hazzard's query. 
"Not offhand.'* was Bolz's response. 
Hazzard came back: "How about you?" 
"Me?" Bolz chuckled. "Not a chance." 
"Come visit us." the president 
concluded. 

Ray Bolz would soon learn just how per- 
suasive George Hazzard could be. 

Ray Bolz was no stranger to innovation 
in education when he first set foot on 
the WPI campus in 1973. While at 
Case Western Reserve University, where 
he'd progressed through the academic 
ranks to become dean of the engineering 
school, he had seen early on that most 
postwar technological achievements— ra- 
dar, jet propulsion, nuclear power — came 



i 



^ 




7-Ji 




from the work of scientists, not so much 
from engineering. In response, he forged a 
new program at Case. Engineering Sci- 
ence. It brought to engineering students 
fundamental changes in how they were 
taught, infusing their education with more 
courses in the engineering sciences and the 
pure and applied sciences— mathematics, 
physics, chemistry— and reducing the use 
of rote formulae in problem-solving. 

Later, in the early 1960s, he convinced 
the Case faculty to eliminate departmental 
designations in engineering, instead orga- 
nizing faculty into groups based on subject 
areas taught. Where previously, say, civil 
and mechanical engineering professors 
taught mechanics, now an Applied Me- 
chanics and Structures Group taught it. 
Likewise, everyone who taught thermal 



engineering or fluid mechanics was now 
under the umbrella of the Fluids. Thermal 
and Aeronautics Group. Students still ma- 
jored in ME. CE. EE or CHE. but they 
took courses from these disciplinary 
groups. 

For several years, all went well, until 
Bolz and his colleagues realized just how 
unconventional this system was. "It's 
tough to buck the outside world." he says 
now. Recruiters, for one thing, had a hard 
time understanding its merit. And he real- 
ized that faculty normally need to be mem- 
bers of professional societies that are asso- 
ciated with departments, rather than by 
more specialized groups. After a decade of 
experience, Bolz, far wiser for the experi- 
ence, gradually reinstated Case's old 
system. 

"George Hazzard convinced me that 
WPI would be a good place to help run 
another experiment," he says. When Bolz 
arrived in Worcester, the nation was in a 
state of flux. Though campus unrest 
everywhere had settled down, Vietnam 
veterans were trying to find their way back 



6 WPI JOURNAL 






home, and the embarrassment of Wa- 
tergate was just unfolding. 

At WPI, too, there was upheaval, in the 
form of the WPI Plan— conceived by fac- 
ulty and students, implemented in a cli- 
mate of uncertainty and risk. Ray Bolz and 
Dean of Undergraduate Studies William 
R. Grogan, '46 EE, MSEE, were given 
the tenuous task of getting the bugs out of 
this totally new, untested educational sys- 
tem, one that called for greater faculty 
commitment and a remarkable amount of 
freedom for students to design their own 
curricula, a system whose creation pre- 
ceded Bolz's arrival by several years. The 
newcomer became the test pilot. 

"I knew of no fallback position," he 
says today. "It was all or nothing." 

Those were tough years at WPI, for both 
faculty and administration. Courses had to 
be redesigned for the new seven-week 
terms. Competency examinations had to 
be conceived. The massive projects pro- 
gram needed to be up and going. Further- 
more, in those transition years some stu- 
dents were enrolled on the Plan; others 
weren't. All this, while the college went 
on teaching, housing, feeding, competing 
in athletics— educating a student body that 
has grown from 1,800 in 1970 to more 
than 2,400 today. 

The administrative pressures were stag- 
gering. Still, Bolz credits the faculty and 
his colleagues in Boynton Hall for making 
the Plan work. He admits, though, that 
"whatever the faculty has become, I'm 
most responsible," for he has hired about 
55 percent of today's roughly 200 full-time 
teachers. 

But Bolz and others knew that the Plan 
alone could never distinguish WPI in the 
manner they sought. There was still much 
to be done, not least of which was motivat- 
ing faculty to dive into yet other, un- 
charted waters. 

Some departments needed greater 
strength and breadth. The Department of 
Management, for example, launched its 
MBA program in 1980. And in the Biolog- 
ical Sciences, later called Life Sciences 
and now known as Biology and Biotech- 




"The WPI plan was an all- 
or-nothing proposition. I 
knew of no fallback position." 

nology, students today enjoy opportunities 
for firsthand work in such fast-growing 
fields of technology as genetics and cell 
science. The new Worcester Biotechnol- 
ogy Park, bringing together the resources 
of business and science to get new ideas in 
biotechnology to market, will soon take up 
residence adjacent to the University of 
Massachusetts Medical Center (near the 
shores of Lake Quinsigamond). Ray Bolz 
has helped to make the Park a reality. 

In other areas, Bolz orchestrated a reor- 
ganization and turnaround that has nur- 
tured a Humanities Department of unusual 
quality and vigor. He credits past depart- 
ment head Dr. Donald Johnson for much 
of this success. When Bolz arrived, two 
separate departments— English, and His- 
tory, Modern Languages, Music and Art- 
competed vigorously for attention. "Don 
and I, with the cooperation of the faculty— 
particularly Prof. Charles Heventhal— 
united these two faculties and recruited 
well over half of the department's 21 full- 
time faculty," says Bolz. 

"The vitality of a college," he asserts, 
"depends largely on its ability to respond 
quickly to ever-changing educational de- 
mands brought on by conditions beyond 
the campus gate." The Mathematical Sci- 
ences Department, he says, is a good ex- 
ample of how the focus of a discipline 
should be able to adapt. 

Ten years ago, mathematics at WPI was 



taught largely by "pure" mathematicians. 
Today, it is an applied mathematics de- 
partment, preparing students for profes- 
sions in operations research, computer 
mathematics, statistics and actuarial math- 
ematics, as well as for graduate school, 
teaching and scientific research. "And I 
hope we'll see a Master of Applied Mathe- 
matics program come on the scene in the 
next few years," he adds. 

"We're kind of proud of the CAD pro- 
gram, too," Bolz admits. Computer-aided 
design is finding more and more money- 
saving applications in all fields of manu- 
facturing. With funding and equipment 
donated by Computervision Corp., Prof. 
Ken Scott's ('48 ME) CAD Lab has a 
waiting list of students eager to get their 
hands on this exciting technology. 

WPI now awards a master's degree in 
firesafety engineering. Though the MSF 
Program is just four years old, it is fast 
gaining momentum as the only master's 
curriculum in the country. Already, about 
35 students are enrolled, and WPI 
awarded the program's first three de- 
grees during last year's commencement 
ceremonies. 

Developing programs for university/ 
industry cooperation has been one of 
Bolz's most challenging goals. Largely 
through his efforts and those of Prof. 
Donald Zwiep, head of Mechanical Engi- 
neering, and Prof. Arthur Gerstenfeld, 
immediate past head of Management, two 
vital programs are accomplishing this. 

First, MEAC— the Manufacturing Engi- 
neering Applications Center— brings spon- 
soring companies' engineering teams onto 
campus to work side-by-side with faculty, 
undergraduates and graduate students. 
Here, latest-generation industrial-robotics 
technologies are applied to manufacturing 
and processing projects initiated by the 
companies. But MEAC doesn't stop there. 
Normally, the solutions developed on 
campus, using either company or WPI ro- 
bots, find production-scale applications 
back in the companies' plants. 

Says Walter L. Abel, '39 ME, of 
Emhart Corp., MEAC's founding sponsor, 



MAY 1984 7 



"We can't say enough about this program. 
Students get to work with robotics on proj- 
ects that not only reflect real industrial 
conditions, but are real industrial prob- 
lems. And MEAC has enabled Emhart's 
robotics program to move rapidly up the 
learning curve." 

Second, the center for the Management 
of Advanced Automation Technology 
(MA AT) unites industry managers and 
technical personnel with faculty and stu- 
dents to develop better ways of managing 
today's high-technology organizations. 

At one of WPI's older research facilities, 
Alden Research Laboratories (ARL) in 
nearby Holden, the quality of the staff has 
never been stronger, says Bolz. But the 
character of ARL's work has changed dra- 
matically in recent years, reflecting both 
access to new technologies available for 
hydraulics and fluid-mechanics testing and 
the evolving demand for this kind of re- 
search. Today computer modeling aug- 
ments the more cumbersome, yet still es- 
sential and also visually spectacular, 
large-scale site modeling for which ARL is 
so widely known. 

The ranking academic officer of any 
college, says Ray Bolz, is there, 
first, to motivate the faculty and, 
second, to motivate industry's support of 
the school's programs. Looking back, 
Bolz recounts a mixed record in both areas. 
That may be so in his mind, but as 
we've just seen, WPI has been anything 
but stagnant in the last decade or so. And 
though everyone, from the president to the 
deans to the faculty, will tell you there's 
never enough money, WPI has distin- 
guished itself quite nicely, thank you, con- 
sidering the company it keeps. Research 
grants and contracts reached $1.7 million 
in 1983, up from $509,000 just ten years 
ago. 

Still, Ray Bolz leaves WPI with a few 
frustrations dogging him: isolated cases 
where faculty members, who obviously 
are very talented, have refused time and 
again to go that extra mile; intense compe- 
tition with other top colleges for the small 




A New Chapter 
Unfolds 

By Dr. Richard H. Gallagher 



Y\77T^T is the leading institution in 
\ Y / W I the United States in the inno- 

VV A. JLvation of undergraduate en- 
gineering education. A great deal of evi- 
dence has established that the Institute has 
produced graduates capable of performing 
superbly in practice and in society at large. 
These impressive accomplishments have 
resulted from the dedicated efforts of the 
faculty and administration who have 
served since the inception of the WPI 
Plan. I am honored to be given the oppor- 
tunity to contribute to these achievements 
and to the continuance of WPI tradition. 

Many challenges lie ahead. The excel- 
lence of the WPI Plan must be maintained. 
No program of engineering education, 
however sound it might be, can retain its 
vitality without ever-present attention to 
the quality of teaching and concern for stu- 
dent advising. Equally important is the in- 
fusion of concepts, equipment and prac- 
tices that are rapidly advancing. To look at 
the Plan as a static scheme is inconsistent 
with the philosophy that created it. 
Changes to bring about improvements 
where they are needed will have to be de- 
vised and implemented. 

I've already alluded to a problem shared 
by all engineering programs, that of infus- 
ing the march of progress into the educa- 
tional process. No other profession so em- 
bodies change as does engineering. The 
model for responding to this change in- 
volves the participation of the faculty in 
research that has an impact, first on gradu- 
ate study and then on undergraduate 
education. 

The importance of identifying the tal- 
ents of an institution and of building upon 
them is well established. However, each 
strength recognizes special capabilities be- 
gun in an isolated form and with limited 
resources. We must strive toward identify- 
ing new faculty and encouraging existing 
faculty in these new directions. 



The recruitment of talented faculty who 
share these concerns is a key aspect of this 
issue. In turn, the Institute must represent 
an attractive environment for those individ- 
uals to develop as engineers and as acade- 
micians. Because of the way WPI has 
successfully integrated the humanities, sci- 
ence and other disciplines, faculty other 
than engineers need to have the same 
opportunities. 

Today, more than ever, engineering edu- 
cation advances in unison with ongoing 
activities in industry, government and re- 
search. For WPI this collaboration is al- 
ready extensive, due in large measure to 
the off-campus ties developed through stu- 
dent projects. We need to expand these 
relationships even further, to serve the pro- 
fessions on the one side and also to en- 
courage support of projects, graduate re- 
search, and the acquisition of new 
equipment. 

The response of the Institute to the ex- 
panding role of computers in higher educa- 
tion is another major issue. The steps we 
take to develop this role must be academi- 
cally sound, consistent with the function- 
ing of the engineering professional in a 
career that will span many years, and able 
to strike a balance between the rapid obso- 
lescence of equipment and the cost of that 
equipment. As administrators, we are 
challenged to put the equipment and facili- 
ties in place. The faculty must then update 
courses to incorporate effectively these 
computational advances. 

Dr. Gallagher, dean of the College of En- 
gineering at the University of Arizona, 
Tucson, will succeed Ray Bolz as Vice 
President and Dean of the Faculty effec- 
tive July 1, 1984. Professor of civil and 
environmental engineering at Cornell Uni- 
versity for 11 years, he also has worked at 
Bell Aerosy stems in Buffalo, NY, and was 
with Texaco. 



8 WPI JOURNAL 



group of young faculty candidates he'd 
like to hire; attracting dollars into fledg- 
ling programs; wrestling with the best way 
to integrate computers into higher 
education. 

Finally, he longs for a return to the kind 
of faculty thinking that created the WPI 
Plan. "Back in the late '60s, faculty 
thought hard about teaching and learning." 
Today, he says, WPI and its kindred insti- 
tutions need more of this innovative think- 
ing. "We've got to reconsider how we can 
use things like computers and television to 
make the learning process more effective, 
efficient and, most importantly, more mo- 
tivating for students." 

Yet one challenge, he believes, will 
dominate all others in the coming decade. 
"WPI's graduate programs simply must be 
developed more vigorously." He admits, 
though, that the scenario he envisions is a 
chicken-and-egg situation. 

"Typically," he says, "graduate stu- 
dents in, say, chemistry or EE are attracted 
to a college or university by a particular 
professor whose work has won national 
recognition. But to attract and keep this 
caliber of faculty, you must make the col- 
lege an exciting place for them to be. And 
you've got to be able to meet their expec- 
tations for laboratory facilities, salary, re- 
lease time for research." This means you 
need money— lots of it— to support the 
level of talent that will attract students. 
"We've made considerable progress," he 
adds, "but much more needs to be done." 

A major component of this equation- 
faculty salaries— is steadily becoming 
competitive on a national scale, Bolz says. 
"We've tried to reward faculty for their 
efforts." Low faculty attrition reflects this 
trend. 

Naturally, as cost of operations rise, tui- 
tion increases follow. And in an era of a 
shrinking college-age population, main- 
taining—indeed, enhancing— the quality 
of all programs, from academics to hous- 
ing to athletics, becomes all the more criti- 
cal to remaining competitive. "Parents," 
he says, "must be confident that a WPI 
education is well worth the cost." 




"At most colleges, faculty 
members often try to build 
their own little empires, 
treating undergraduates 
as a necessary inconvenience. 
WPI is different." 

And what about the WPI Plan, the bold 
experiment Ray Bolz was brought in 
L to help conduct? Few would argue 
with the concepts validity, he asserts. 
"Student projects, curriculum flexibility, 
intensive work in the humanities: these are 
the elements of WPI that set it apart from 
nearly every other college." 

Yet the view from Boynton Hall has en- 
abled him to form a clear picture of where 
change in the Plan is likely to occur. "In 
some ways, as we learned at Case, you 
can't buck the outside world." Grading, 
for one thing— currently recognizing only 
distinguished, acceptable or no credit per- 
formance—may well return to the tradi- 
tional A-B-C-no-credit format, he pre- 
dicts. Prospective employers and graduate 
schools, he says, sometimes can't easily 
make the translation. 

Another element of the Plan, the compe- 
tency examination, has been a topic of 
heated discussion on campus almost from 
the Plan's inception in 1972. The "comp," 
which tests seniors in an intensive two-day 
written session, places tremendous pres- 
sure both on students, who must pass it to 
graduate, and the faculty, who must devise 
and administer the exam. "There's got to 
be a better way to test competency," he 
says. He points to an idea proposed by 
Dean of Undergraduate Studies William 



Grogan as having special merit. Under this 
scheme, rather than being tested by as 
trauma-filled comprehensive exam, stu- 
dents would defend the projects they've 
completed in oral presentations before fac- 
ulty and industrial project sponsors, much 
as doctoral candidates defend their disser- 
tations. "This could be a much more 
meaningful and efficient use of everyone's 
efforts," he contends. 

Ray Bolz grew up in the Depression. 
The son of a machine operator from 
the Shaker Heights section of Cleve- 
land, he put himself through Case Institute 
of Technology, beginning a long associa- 
tion with that institution. He graduated 
from Yale in 1942 with an MSME and 
joined the National Advisory Committee 
on Aeronautics (NACA, later NASA), 
working to perfect jet engines. He later 
headed NACA's combustion research sec- 
tion in Cleveland. Following WW II, he 
went back to Yale to pursue his Ph.D., 
finishing it in 1949 while teaching aero- 
nautics at RPI. In 1950 he returned to 
Case, there to climb the academic ladder 
until George Hazzard convinced him of 
the opportunities at WPI. 

Now, 1 1 years later, Ray Bolz is looking 
forward to the freedom that retirement will 
afford him— more times to pursue other 
interests he's developed over the years. 
"I'll be a little less busy," he admits, but 
with the new house he and his wife Jean 
are building off Salisbury Street in Wor- 
cester, a summer cottage on a pristine lake 
in Michigan, four daughters, nine grand- 
children, woodworking learned at the 
Worcester Craft Center (of which he's 
president)— well, he's hardly slowing 
down. And he may well find himself head- 
ing special assignments for the college, ac- 
cording to President Edmund T. Cranch. 

"I suppose I'll have to take up fishing 
now," he confides. One of his grandsons is 
at the age where soon he'll no longer be 
content to stand at the end of the dock and 
watch the small fish take his bait. "He'll 
want to be out in a boat before long, look- 
ing for bigger catches." Kids are like that. 



MAY 1984 



HDH ADVENTURE 
IN A BIG STAKES GAME 



You'd think that the 
high-pressure world 
of foreign-currency 
exchange would 
demand a B-school 
grad at the reins. 
But look closer at 
the head trader for 
Merrill Lynch. 

Story and Photos 

By Kenneth McDonnell 

Most people would consider the setting 
glamorous, maybe even exotic. You 
enter on New York City's lower Broad- 
way, smack in the middle of the Wall 
Street financial district, literally in the 
shadow of the looming twin towers of the 
World Trade Center, just a block or so 
from the bustling New York Stock 
Exchange. Though no cash ever comes on 
the premises, you need a special combina- 
tion to free the door lock and enter the 
suite of offices. Strolling the long, richly 
carpeted and detailed 15-foot-high corri- 
dor, you still have no idea of what is in 
store. 

Suddenly, turning left at a receptionist's 
desk, you are there. Through a thick glass 
door you enter a setting whose mood 
seems far too laid-back for the gravity of 
the activity going on. A battery of 20 cus- 
tom-built computer consoles, arranged in a 
huge block "C," an overhead news display 
and dozens of telephones make you think 




James Hohorst, '76 CE, in the foreign 
currency trading room at Merrill Lynch. 

they might be launching spaceships or 
some such from here. 

One wall of glass looks out over Broad- 
way, a floor below. Everything— the light- 
ing, the upholstered furniture, the potted 
plants— is subdued. The people here are 
all well-scrubbed and well-clothed, and 
thus carry the best of diplomas. They are 
intensely busy at their communications 
terminals, yet they don't appear overly 
stressed. No hair-pulling. No chain-smok- 
ing. No nail-biting. 

But don't be fooled. 

The game that's played here is one of the 
riskiest in town. Here, in the foreign-cur- 
rency trading room of Merrill, Lynch, 
Pierce Fenner & Smith Inc., deals worth 
hundreds of millions of dollars pass into 
and then out of the hands of people who 
are mostly in their late 20s and early 30s. 
Careers can be made or wasted on split- 
second, multimillion-dollar decisions. The 
place buzzes. Burnout can come by age 
40. 

In the midst of all this stands a tall, slen- 
der 29-year-old. Usually he is inside the 
"C," leaning over consoles, consulting 



with his traders, taking calls from the com- 
mercial banks, corporations and wealthy 
individuals who are Merrill Lynch's inter- 
national-currency customers. His calm, 
collected, easygoing demeanor, just the 
opposite of what you'd expect in this pres- 
sure-cooker environment, sets the tone. 
James Hohorst, '76, is clearly in charge. 

Jim Hohorst came to Merrill Lynch 
(ML) in 1981, after the financial- 
managment giant lured him away from 
Citibank to build up its young foreign-cur- 
rency department. He'd spent a few years 
in Greece and London with Citibank be- 
fore taking over at ML. 

Hohorst studied civil engineering at 
WPI, but he never practiced it. His dem- 
onstrated abilities in logical yet creative 
thinking convinced steady old ML to re- 
conceive the entire set-up of its trading 
room. "I'm probably best at planning," he 
says, "and lousy at anything routine." 

Where desks were formerly lined up 
matrix style, piled high with video 
screens, he argued for a plan with consoles 
low enough so that every trader could 
make eye contact with nearly every other 
trader in the room. Where before traders 
had yelled out their transactions to a clerk, 
he fought for direct input by all traders into 
their own on-line computers. 

And when resistance to such a set-up 
was heard from old-style traders, he con- 
vinced them to try it. They've loved it. 
Says one, "This whole arrangement— the 
computers, programs, worldwide instanta- 
neous communications, even the chairs- 
was Jim's doing. This place is like no 
other in the business." 

"I've tried to set up this operation to 
work with or without me in town," says 
Hohorst, "so it can remain profitable even 
in my absence. The flow of currency or- 
ders is the key." For ML, the billion-dollar 



10 WPI JOURNAL 




77? is is no trading pit. "It 's more like controlled frenzy," says Hohorst. 



payoff has been nothing to cough at, but 
it's still in its infancy. 

Trading in foreign currency, Hohorst ex- 
plains, is complex but essentially little dif- 
ferent from buying and selling other 
things. The stakes, though, can be enor- 
mous: $5-million transactions are ex- 
pressed here as $5. "I try to get my trad- 
ers," he says, "not to be intimidated by the 
sums of money they handle." 

ML deals in only four currencies: the 
British pound sterling, Japanese yen, 
Swiss franc and West German mark. Cus- 
tomers' objectives are as diverse as their 
nationalities. A German auto-maker, for 
instance, may need to convert funds it 
earns in U.S. dollars to marks in order to 
pay employees and suppliers for cars built 
in Germany. Another company, this one 
American-based, may want to buy a Japa- 
nese company. Or, a German individual 
may be selling machine parts to a French 
customer. In each case, currencies must be 



converted, and to do so, parties come to 
investment firms or commercial banks. 

"The market is so volatile," says 
Hohorst, "that we use four digits to the 
right of the decimal point for the amounts 
we deal with." Positions are held for as 
little as a couple of hours. "A long-term 
position is usually a week," he adds. 

Hohorst's operation is part of Merrill 
Lynch International Bank. His and similar 
arrangements at other major investment 
firms are rapidly luring customers away 
from commercial banks, who traditionally 
have set the pace in services offered in the 
foreign-currency exchange market. Says 
one trader, "Commercial banks' decision- 
making is more laborious. Here, we ac- 
cept risk as a way of life." 

ML and others are raising the curtain on 
all sorts of new services, such as borrow- 
ing in the U.S. commercial paper market, 
then swapping the dollars in a short-term 
currency transaction, instead of borrowing 




771? mood is intense yet relaxed under Hohorst 's lead. He designed the entire office, 
specified the computer hardware and even wrote the programs. 



in a foreign currency; or writing contracts 
for clients who don't have credit lines at a 
bank and want to do foreign exchange on a 
margin basis. "If a customer can give us a 
$5-million deposit," says Hohorst, "we'll 
give him a $50-million foreign-exchange 
line." No wonder the banks are frustrated 
by the investment firms, themselves 
steady customers of the commercials. 

Another suprise about Hohorst's trading 
room: You'd think it would be popu- 
lated by business-school types, with the 
kind of derring-do that characterizes so 
many MBAs. 

Derring-do? Yes. MBAs? A few. In 
fact, says Hohorst, "one of the people I've 
hired has an advanced degree in medieval 
French literature." And in February, he 
hired Brian Wasko, of Mountainside, NJ, 
a graduate student in chemical engineering 
at WPI. Says Wasko, "I've always been 
fascinated with finance, and this seems 
like an ideal place to get my feet wet." 
He's now training alongside a more expe- 
rienced trader. 

"This is a business of wheeling and 
dealing and outguessing the market," says 
Hohorst. "Whether it's knowledge, intui- 
tion or luck that makes us successful, I 
don't care. I hire people on those bases, 
too. Like trading, I win some and I lose 
some. It's our position in the longer term 
that I watch." He adds, "You have to love 
this business. But it can consume you even 
if you do." 

Jim Hohorst strikes you as the kind of 
person who'll be great at whatever he 
does. At the top of his profession already, 
you wonder what he'll do next. 

"Real-estate development has always 
interested me. I think I'd enjoy that." 
Time spent in London and Europe showed 
him how totally unexploited at least one 
part of many cities is— the waterfront. Eu- 
ropean cities, he observes, have done 
wonders with their old wharves and water- 
front areas, converting them into town- 
houses, shops, parks. "Most U.S. water- 
fronts are rotting," he complains. "If I had 
the capital, I'd think about renovating 
right here in New York or Hoboken." 

Jim Hohorst thrives on getting involved 
in lots of aspects of his business— not just 
running things, but designing necessary 
technology and furniture, writing com- 
puter programs, hiring and developing 
staff. "I really think WPI had a lot to do 
with this," he says. "WPI taught us how to 
solve problems, not how to memorize for- 
mulae or take tests. There's a world of 
difference." 



MAY 1984 11 



INVESTING IN THE 

FUTURE 



At almost $57 million, WPFs endowment is at an all-time high. 

Two of 

our money men tell 

their secrets of success. 



According to a 1982-83 survey of 60 
ZA private-college endowment funds 
xkbetween $25 and $100 million, 
WPI's performance ranked in the fourth 
quartile. Our ten-year average total return 
was 10 percent compared with the Dow 
Jones 30 Industrials (DJI) average of 8.7 
percent. And on a five-year basis, WPI 
ranked in the upper third with a 15.5 per- 
cent average total return, compared with 
the Dow's 14.8 percent. 

How has the college gone about achiev- 
ing this level of performance, we won- 
dered. Annual reports don't always get to 
the heart of the matter. So, for answers, 
we visited with two of the people most 
familiar with WPI's investments, David 
Lloyd, Vice President for Business Affairs 
and Treasurer; and John Hossack, '46, 
chairman of the Trustees Finance and In- 
vestment Committee (TFIC) and Vice 
President, American Appraisal Corp., 
New York City. 

We'd like to share their perspectives 
with you. 

What are the roles of the TFIC and the 
chief financial officer of the college? 
Mr. Hossack: Basically, the TFIC es- 
tablishes investment policy and oversees 
the implementation of that policy by the 
financial management firms the college 
retains. The committee sets guidelines for 
the financial performance it hopes to 
achieve, then periodically reports these 
results to the Board and the college. 

Since 1976, 60 percent of the endow- 
ment has been managed by a "money 
manager." This firm has generated an av- 
erage total return of 44.6 percent in that 
period, compared with the DJI average of 
15.2 percent. And over five years, these 
performances have been 53.4 and 49.2 
percent, respectively. 

The balance of the endowment (40 per- 
cent) is managed by a bond manager and 
internally by the college. This portion is 
invested in short-term securities. The in- 




vestment goal for this piece of the endow- 
ment is to obtain a maximum, prudent 
flow of investment income. 
Mr. Lloyd: The TFIC is cognizant of 
the cash flow requirements of the college 
operating budget and works to maintain 
the purchasing power of the endowment, 
that is, protecting it from the erosion of 
inflation. 

What are the trends in WPI's endowment 
growth ? 

Mr. Lloyd: In the past eight years, the 
college has averaged a 16-percent total re- 
turn on its investment. This compares with 
a Dow Jones average of 1 1 percent and a 
Standard & Poor's 500 average of 13.3 
percent. Fiscal year 1981-82 was an espe- 
cially good period, as we found ourselves 
in the upper 10 percent of the National 
Association of College and University 
Business Officers (NACUBO) survey of 
200 private college endowments. In 1982- 
83, however, our performance dropped to 
about the middle in the survey, due largely 
to the volatility of the financial markets. 



During this period, the college felt it most 
prudent to invest in high-yield investments 
and to take advantage of capital gains in 
solid, well-managed companies. 
Mr. Hossack: At the present time, as the 
market climbs slowly, we're looking to 
lock into secure yet longer-term invest- 
ments. And though inflation is down con- 
siderably from its level of the past several 
years, we're still working hard to preserve 
the endowment's purchasing power. 
Mr. Lloyd: A vital element of how we 
manage WPI's assets is the school's enroll- 
ment targets. For at least the next few 
years, WPI intends to maintain enrollment 
at 2,400 to 2,500 undergraduate students. 
To continue providing the present educa- 
tional quality, we need to keep adding 
new, more advanced laboratory equip- 
ment, computers and dormitories. But be- 
yond normal tuition increases that keep 
pace with inflation in operating expenses, 
a stable enrollment means that tuition can't 
contribute very much toward purchasing 
those necessary capital improvements. 
Therefore, we have to be even more effec- 
tive in controlling operating costs. We also 
have to seek more gifts to the college — like 
cash, hardware and research grants. More 
students would bring in more income, cer- 
tainly, but we feel such a shift would cause 
unwanted crowding, as well as compro- 
mise the quality of WPI's educational pro- 
grams. 

How has the college been able to achieve 
such outstanding financial performance ? 
Mr. Hossack: We've simply been fortu- 
nate in selecting excellent money man- 
agers. A key part of these relationships is 
the flexibility we give these firms in man- 
aging the college assets. But there's noth- 
ing unique about their philosophy. They 
have a great deal of discretion in working 
to meet the investment objectives set down 
for them. Fortunately, they are highly at- 
tuned to the workings of the stock and 
bond markets. Currently, our investments 



12 WPI JOURNAL 




John E. Hossack, '46 ME, chairman of 
the Trustee Investment Committee. 

are divided about evenly between these 
two kinds of investments. 

What are WPI's basic financial objec- 
tives? 

Mr. Lloyd: Although most colleges 
would consider it high, one element of 
WPI's endowment investment strategy is 
to produce a 6-percent pay-out to opera- 
tions, based on a two-year average of the 
endowment's market value. Our goal is for 
the total return to meet or exceed this 6- 
percent pay-out plus the consumer price 
index (CPI) rate of change. We insist that 
our money managers perform at this level. 
Mr. Hossack: We try to keep our objec- 
tives simple, avoiding trendy moves. We 
just try to place WPI's assets in markets 
that are liquid and offer a fair chance to 
realize the returns we need. 

How were these money management 
firms selected? 

Mr. Hossack: Probably in much the 
same way that individuals select banks, 
mutual funds, money-market funds or other 
financial management companies: reputa- 
tion and word-of-mouth. Of the dozens we 
know about, we sat down as a committee 
and weeded out the three or four we wanted 
to interview. When we met with these 
firms, we examined their track records and 
assessed how well they conduct their own 
research. We also got an idea of how indi- 
viduals in the firm impressed us. After all, 
it's people in whom we place our trust for 
managing the assets of the college. We then 
monitor the performance of the firms. If 
our expectations are met overtime, we nor- 
mally see no reason to jump ship. Cur- 
rently, we retain two money management 
groups: one locally and the other a national 
concern. In addition, as we've said, a small 
portion of the investment decisions are 
made internally. 

Does the college invest in real estate, or in 



options or other higher-risk instruments? 
Mr. Lloyd: Naturally, the campus is by 
far our largest real-estate investment, with 
its current value estimated at more than 
$100 million. The college also holds the 
mortgages on several fraternity houses. 
But beyond that, WPI is not in the market 
for public real estate. It's usually not liquid 
enough for the flexibility our investment 
strategy demands. The one exception is 
when we need properties adjacent to the 
campus for expansion. This occurred 
south of Institute Road, when we built the 
Ellsworth and Fuller residence complexes, 
and in the Boynton St. -Dean St. neighbor- 
hood, where Residence Hall 6 will be built. 
Mr. Hossack: As far as the options mar- 
ket is concerned, we tried this route in the 
early 1970s, but got nowhere with it. Cur- 
rently, we avoid options. They're too vol- 
atile. You might consider things like stock 
options and commodities for your own in- 
vestments, but not for WPI's. 

What are the key challenges in managing 
cashflow and operating budgets? 
Mr. Lloyd: Once again, maintaining the 
flexibility we need to enable us to seize 
opportunities in the stock and bond mar- 
kets is vital. We don't like to get locked 
into one investment formula that can't ac- 
commodate this need. In addition, of 
course, we need cash to run the day-to-day 
operations of the college. That goes with- 
out saying for all colleges. Flexibility en- 
ables us to know right where our net 
worth— translated into cash terms— is at all 
times. 

Mr. Hossack: We attempt to maintain 
what we believe to be ideal cash balances 
to meet operating costs without going to 
outside financing sources or invading the 
endowment's principle. An exception is 
outside financing from direct revenue-gen- 
erated sources such as dormitories. 

Where does WPI's income come from? 
Mr. Lloyd: It comes from a number of 
sources: Tuition and fees, 72 percent; en- 
dowment pay-out, 7 percent; annual giv- 
ing, 3.1 percent; sponsored research and 
other educational operations, 15.2 per- 
cent; auxiliary operations, 1.7 percent; 
and miscellaneous sources, 1 percent. 

How does the college fund construction 
of revenue-generating facilities, such as 
residence halls, compared with academic 
and athletic facilities ? 
Mr. Lloyd: Typically, we sell term 
bonds to finance new dormitory construc- 
tion. Residence Hall 6, for example, to be 
completed in September 1985, will be fi- 




David E. Lloyd, Vice President for Busi- 
ness Affairs and Treasurer. 

nanced mostly through a 15-year tax-ex- 
empt bond issue through the Massachu- 
setts Health & Education Facilities 
Authority (HEFA). The income from that 
facility— room and board— will largely pay 
off the debt. Overall, WPI's credit rating is 
excellent. Academic and athletic facilities, 
on the other hand, are usually financed 
through capital campaigns, as was the case 
with the renovation of Atwater Kent and 
Washburn Shops, as well as from other 
gifts and grants. 

How is student financial aid funded? 
Mr. Lloyd: From an accounting stand- 
point, we treat financial aid as a separate 
revenue/expenditure cost center. Student 
aid is derived from a host of sources: fed- 
eral and state grants, corporate, individual 
and private grants, income from endowed 
student aid, and allocations from the oper- 
ating budget. Loan funds are available 
through the National Direct Student Loan 
Fund, WPI loan funds and federal loans. 
For the first time this year, loans are avail- 
able through the Massachusetts College 
Student Loan Authority. 

In 1982-83, 57 percent of WPI students 
received financial aid, totaling nearly $4.4 
million, in the form of scholarships, loans 
or work-study employment. In the current 
academic year, the amount will be about 
$6.9 million. 

In addition to these conventional forms 
of aid, deferred tuition payments are be- 
coming widely popular. These are similar 
to fuel-oil budget plans, where the family 
of a student, for example, pays a fixed 
amount every month of the year to a finan- 
cial institution, which holds the accumu- 
lating balance in an interest-bearing ac- 
count until the student's college tuition is 
due. It's amazing just how creative the pri- 
vate sector can become when government 
programs are level-funded or monies are 
re-allocated to other priorities, as appears 
to be happening. 



MAY 1984 13 



To Capture a Cloud 

Four WPI students spent seven weeks with their heads in the clouds. 
They came away with a new device for measuring the acid content of 

clouds — and a grant for $10,000. 



By Michael Shanley 

The Appalachian Mountain Club 
(AMC) had a problem, a problem as 
big as Mt. Washington itself. 
The oldest mountain club in America 
wanted to find out if not just acid rain, but 
acid clouds were contaminating the fragile 
alpine environment of New Hampshire's 
White Mountains. To gather information, 
AMC Research Director Dr. Kenneth 
Kimball had been testing cloud-water col- 
lectors near the top of 6,288-ft. Mt. Wash- 
ington, the highest point in New England. 
Since the upper reaches of the mountain 
are in the clouds some 300 days a year, the 
alpine vegetation gets a significant amount 
of its water from clouds that brush up 
against the mountain. It seemed the perfect 
spot to examine the possibility of "acid 
cloud" contamination. 



But there were a few problems: 

• Like the fact that winds frequently 
whip across the mountain at 60 or 70 
mph, with gusts up to 150 mph or more. 
(It was atop Mt. Washington, in fact, that 
the world's highest recorded wind 
speed— 231 mph— was measured in April 
1934.) Any cloud collector would have 
to be, first and foremost, of unshakable 
design. 

• Like the fact that, atop Mt. Washing- 
ton, these winds change direction capri- 
ciously. Any instrument, therefore, would 
have to be "omni-directional"— capable of 
collecting cloud water from any angle. 

• Like the fact that the site chosen as 
best by the AMC was four miles— and 
4,000 feet up— from the nearest road, put- 
ting a limit on the overall size and weight 
of the collector. 



• Like the fact that, because of its dis- 
tance from civilization, the collector 
would have to operate without continual 
supervision. 

• Perhaps most important, the collector 
had to be able to keep rain from contami- 
nating the cloud samples. 

• Add to this the simple fact that the 
AMC does not have the funds of a General 
Motors; in other words, the project's bud- 
get would not support high-tech hardware. 

It would, however, support a creative, 
down-to-earth approach to the problem. 
Here's how the story unfolded. 

In the summer of 1981, the AMC, in 
cooperation with acid-rain research pio- 
neers Dr. Gene E. Likens of Cornell 
University and Dr. F. Herbert Bormann, 
director of ecosystem research at Yale 





On-site (above), between cloud "events," the collector will measure acidity in alpine re- 
gions besides Mt. Washington. With their heads in the clouds (opposite , from left): 
Andrew Cott, Reynold Dobson, Bruce Daube and Peter Lamar. 



University, began its research on the acid 
content of cloud water. Their base of oper- 
ations was the AMC's mountain activity 
headquarters at Pinkham Notch Camp, 
near the foot of Mt. Washington. 

Cloud-water collectors were set up at 
two White Mountain locations: at Green- 
leaf Hut on Mt. Lafayette and at Lakes of 
the Clouds Hut, located in a col, or pass, 
between Mt. Washington and Mt. Mon- 
roe. 

There were problems almost immedi- 
ately. The collectors the AMC was using 
simply weren't working properly. 

The procedure had been to take samples 
once a week. But if the weather for the 
previous week had been consistently 
cloudy and windy, the 500-ml collection 
bottles overflowed. On the other hand, if 
the weather had been dry and windy, the 
strands collected dry deposition— bugs, 
dust and other debris— which would mod- 
ify the samples' chemistry. Finally, since 
samples were collected just once a week, 
only the average chemistry of an entire 
week's worth of weather conditions could 
be determined. 

These problems plagued the project all 
that summer and the next. 

In 1983, Dr. Kenneth Kimball, a 36- 
year-old biologist, joined the AMC as re- 
search director at Pinkham Notch. "It was 
obvious there were some real problems 
with the collection system," he says. 
"Some changes had to be made." 

Kimball decided to alter the sampling 
technique. With support from the Wey- 
erhauser Foundation, a new AMC pro- 
gram was set up using "event"— rather 
than weekly— samples. The collectors 
would be readied before each impending 
"cloud storm," and emptied immediately 
after. Because the collectors would now 
require increased attention, the Mt. Lafay- 



ette site was abandoned and both collec- 
tors were set up at Lakes of the Clouds. 

But again, major problems surfaced. Be- 
cause of high wind speeds, rain falling on 
Mt. Washington can travel almost hor- 
izontally—so when the weather was 
cloudy and rainy, the cloud-water samples 
were contaminated by rainwater. 

To alleviate the problem, a small roof 
was built over each collector. But rain still 
blew under the roof and into the collector. 
What's more, the roofs themselves ulti- 
mately snapped off like matchsticks. One 
was later found on an altogether different 
mountain. 

The next idea was simply to disconnect 
the collector when it was raining, then re- 
connect it later. But this meant the collec- 
tor required almost constant attention. 
Also, even when the collector was discon- 
nected, residual rainwater gathered on the 
strands, thus raising the threat of contami- 
nation. Finally, it meant that no cloud- 
water samples could be taken during a 
rainstorm. But this, too, was unaccept- 
able, since one of the things the AMC 
wanted to determine was whether the acid 
content of cloud water changed during a 
rain-storm. 

"Again, we had problems," says Kim- 
ball. But rather than being discouraged by 
the setbacks, he was spurred on. "It was a 
challenge, and that's what science is all 
about." 

About this time, two mechanical engi- 
neering majors at WPI, senior Bruce 
Daube, from Weatogue, CT, and junior 
Peter Lamar, from Exeter, NH, ap- 
proached chemical-engineering professor 
Robert Wagner, an avid mountaineer and 
past vice president of the AMC The stu- 
dents, outdoorsmen themselves, wondered 
if Wagner, who in the past had overseen a 
number of Interactive Qualifying Projects 



(IQPs) with the AMC, could arrange a 
project that would accommodate both their 
intellectual curiosity and their love of the 
outdoors. 

Wagner said he'd see what he could do. 

"I hadn't met Ken Kimball," recalls 
Wagner, who has climbed 63 peaks in 
New England, often in winter, as well as 
mountains in the Austrian Alps and the 
Rockies. "But in the past we had had some 
good projects with Ken's predecessor." 

By now Daube and Lamar had hooked 
up with Reynold Dodson, from Gales 
Ferry, CT, and Andrew Cott, from 
Nashua, NH, two junior electrical-engi- 
neering majors searching for a similar 
project. Phone calls went back and forth, 
until, finally, an assignment became 
clear— the students would try to design a 
new collector that would require consider- 
ably less attention and eliminate the prob- 
lem of rain contamination. 

It was decided that the project team 
would spend an entire seven-week term at 
the AMC headquarters at Pinkham Notch. 
(In addition to covering most equipment 
costs, the AMC would provide the stu- 
dents with room and board.) A good deal 
of those seven weeks would be spent at 
Lakes of the Clouds Hut. 

The "hut" at Lakes of the Clouds is 
really a bunkhouse, which during 
the summer months offers accom- 
modations for up to 90 hikers who prefer 
to temper their treks with some of the 
amenities of civilization. 

If the sky is clear, you can step out of the 
hut onto the rockhewn landscape and gaze 
out across upward of a hundred miles of 
New Hampshire countryside. From up 
there, the land looks strangely uninhab- 
ited—even untouched— and you can forget 
for a minute about things like crumbling 
factories and belching smokestacks. 

But in the Midwest, in places like Ohio 
and Michigan, these things are not so easy 
to forget. And, according to most experts, 
that's where the acid rain that reaches the 
Northeast comes from. The Midwest, 
these experts say, is exporting its pollution 
to places like the White Mountains. Sul- 
phur-dioxide emissions from factories, re- 
fineries and power plants are produced in 
the Midwest, travel hundreds of miles 
with the wind, and fall as acid snow and 
rain on the lakes, streams, farms and for- 
ests of the northeastern United States and 
Canada. 

How bad is the problem? "Normal" 
rain, which is slightly acidic, registers 5.6 
on the pH scale. (A perfectly neutral sub- 
stance rates a 7.0.) The acidity of New 



MAY 1984 15 



England's rainfall, says the Environmental 
Protection Agency, is about pH 4.5. Since 
a change of 1 on the pH scale is a tenfold 
change, that means the rain in New En- 
gland is at least ten times more acidic than 
it should be. 

But what about the clouds, the clouds 
that are so much a part of the high-altitude 
environment? How acidic are they? won- 
der people like Gene Likens, Ken Kimball 
and Bob Wagner. 

W'hen the four students arrived at 
Lakes of the Clouds Hut in the 
beginning of last September with 
their newly built cloud collector, the last of 
the summer hikers were enjoying the wan- 
ing days of warm weather. 

The collector the students had hauled up 
to the hut was radically different from any 
that went before it. While other models 
were upright cylinders, the WPI collector 
was a 3-foot-long rectangular box made of 
Vs-inch-thick plexiglass. It weighed about 
40 pounds, not including the sturdy 
wooden base on which it was to stand. The 
entire contraption weighed nearly 100 
pounds. 

"It was quite an experience getting it up 
the mountain," grins Lamar. "It was about 
four miles and straight up all the way." 

The crucial difference between the WPI 
collector and its predecessors was in the 
deceptively simple-looking arrangement 
of baffles at the front of the plexiglass box 
(see sidebar). 

"All along, we knew that our collector 
had to separate the large raindrops from 
the tiny cloud droplets," Daube adds. 
"That was the most important thing." 

Easier said than done, especially when 
100-mph winds are thrust into the equa- 
tion. But the students had spent a good 
part of the summer researching the project 
and mulling over design possibilities. 
When the four reached the hut with their 
collector that September day, the toughest 
work was already behind them. 

The project actually began the previous 
May when Kimball invited the team up to 
Pinkham Notch for a preliminary meeting. 
A rough time-frame was set up. In August, 
after a summer of background work, the 
four spent a weekend at the hut and ob- 
served the two AMC collectors. 

"They were good at collecting cloud- 
water samples," says Cott, "but weren't 
designed to keep out the rain." 

Ultimately, a design idea was presented, 
trial-and-error revisions were undertaken, 
and the final details were worked out. In 
late August, just before school was to be- 
gin, the project team met at WPI. "The 




Basically, a collector works like this: a 
cloud (a) is forced, either by the wind 
(in the case of a passive model) or by a 
fan (in the case of an active model) to 
pass through a number of Teflon 
strands (b) housed within the collector's 
plexiglass shell (c). In turn, the tiny 
cloud droplets that are forced through 
the collector attach themselves to the 
strands. When the droplets grow large 



enough, they run down the strands, 
through a funnel (d) and into a plastic 
collection bottle. 

The WPI model is distinguished by its 
plexiglass construction and its rectangu- 
lar shape. The lipped baffles (e) that 
separate rain particles from cloud par- 
ticles are a major innovation, the prod- 
uct of many hours of computer model- 
ing and actual testing. 



collector itself we built in a week," says 
Daube. 

To determine the position and arrange- 
ment of the baffles, a dizzying array of 
laws, formulae and environmental condi- 
tions had to be considered. Terms like par- 
ticle trajectory, terminal velocity and 
sling-out characteristics were bandied 
about. 

Final design permits only the tiny cloud 
droplets to snake their way through the col- 
lection surface itself— a series of vertically 
aligned Teflon strands. Larger raindrops 
are filtered out by the lipped baffles. 

The Teflon strands themselves were a 
major consideration. Again, there were a 
host of variables: strand diameter, flow re- 
striction, wind velocity, droplet density, 
air viscosity. Hours were spent writing 
computer programs to calculate the effi- 
ciency of different strand arrangements. 
The final setup involves three collection 
cartridges, each with eight rows of Teflon 
strands placed '/s-inch apart. 

In another major innovation, the WPI 
collector features removable collection 
cartridges— a dirty one can simply be re- 
placed with a spare, then cleaned. In order 
not to upset the chemistry of the samples, 
virtual surgical cleanliness was essential. 

"We had to throw out 48 samples after 
we found they were contaminated, even 
after we had cleaned them with a hydro- 



chloric-acid solution and rinsed them with 
distilled water," says Dodson. "It turns out 
we hadn't used enough rinse." 

Now that the baffle and cartridge ar- 
rangements were completed, the final de- 
sign elements could be decided upon: 
overall distance between baffles and car- 
tridge, location of collection troughs and 
bottles, use of stainless-steel bolts and 
steel-threaded inserts rather than glue, a 
rotating stand with two pillow block bear- 
ing assemblies and a stainless-steel shaft, 
and a wooden 2-by-4 base connected to the 
shaft by an aluminum plate. To protect the 
fragile alpine tundra, rocks would be used 
to secure the base rather than an anchor 
that would involve digging or drilling. 

The final need was a wind tracker. After 
some experimentation, a 3-foot wind vane 
with an area of 160 square inches was at- 
tached to the rear of the box. 

Like many mountain sites, the natural 
wonder of Mt. Washington has a ter- 
rible beauty. Winter comes early 
there, and as October approached mem- 
bers of the project team saw Lakes of the 
Clouds transformed from a tranquil oasis 
of comfort into an empty fortress barri- 
caded against the onslaught of a brutal 
winter. 

On September 12, the AMC had closed 
the hut for the season. Gone were the sum- 



16 WPI JOURNAL 




The "hut " at Lake of the Clouds, where the cloud team spent seven weeks testing cloud 
acidity with a device they designed and built. 



mer staffers and the steady stream of 
hikers. Gone, too, were the bunk beds and 
the comfortable accommodations. Team 
members were now housed in what was 
called the "refuge room," an austere emer- 
gency shelter. 

"Stinky, wet and sweaty" is how Daube 
affectionately describes the place. "The 
walls were always dripping and there 
wasn't much light." 

Back-packing stoves with meager ra- 
tions had replaced the hearty home-cooked 
meals of a few weeks before. 

Now, Daube, Lamar, Dodson and Cott 
stayed at the hut singly or in pairs, and 
only when a "cloud event" was forthcom- 
ing. Then the event was documented 
hourly, along with information on wind 
speed, direction, volumes collected and 
general weather conditions. Each sample 
was carefully labeled and stored for analy- 
sis at Pinkham Notch or the New York 
Botanical Garden's Institute of Ecosystem 
Studies at the Mary Flagler Cary Arbore- 
tum, in Millbrook, NY, where Dr. Likens 
had assumed the directorship. The balance 
of their time was spent at the AMC's 
Pinkham Notch headquarters, working on 
the design for an "active" collector or do- 
ing research on acid precipitation. 

The students did, in fact, build an active 
collector, designed especially for low-ly- 
ing foggy areas with a power source avail- 



able. On the active model, a small fan 
pulls the moisture through the collection 
strands. Although there wasn't time for the 
project team to test the active model exten- 
sively, all indications suggest it functions 
quite well. 

September had been dreadfully dry. 
Exasperated team members, anxious 
to see if the collector worked, were 
forced to spray mist into the device from 
their own atomizer bottles. By the begin- 
ning of October, however, "cloud events" 
had begun to pick up. What's more, pre- 
liminary tests produced exhilarating 
results: not only was the WPI collector 
functioning beautifully, but comparative 
tests with the still-in-place collectors the 
AMC was using indicated that the WPI 
collector was extremely successful in sep- 
arating rain from cloud water. When there 
were "cloud events" and no rain, the two 
collectors showed the same readings. But 
when there were clouds and rain, the two 
varied considerably, clearly indicating that 
the WPI collector, with its greater rain- 
separating capacity, was indeed providing 
the more accurate measurements. 

"Our collector survived some really se- 
vere wind gusts," says Daube, "and still 
produced reliable readings." 

By the third week in October, the 
weather had taken a definite turn toward 



winter. Rime ice, formed when cloud wa- 
ter freezes immediately upon contact with 
an object, had begun to interfere with the 
collection of samples. 

The WPI collector was dismantled and 
hauled down the mountainside. Goodbyes 
were said to Ken Kimball and the others at 
Pinkham Notch. The students returned to 
Worcester. Reports were written. 

Then, weeks later, came the word. 

Dr. Likens and Dr. Bormann had of- 
fered Daube and Lamar a $10,000 grant to 
build 12 more collectors— two passive and 
ten active— to be placed throughout the 
Northern Hemisphere to test acid-cloud 
content. 

One of the spots will again be Lakes of 
the Clouds. Daube, who plans to attend 
graduate school in the fall, will be hired by 
the AMC to tend the collectors there. 

"We're extremely impressed with the 
WPI collector," says Dr. Likens. "We 
hope it will play an important part in our 
future research." 

The $10,000 to Daube and Lamar is part 
of a larger, multi-year grant awarded to 
Likens and Bormann— who, in 1963, au- 
thored the first paper on acid rain ever 
published in the United States— by the An- 
drew W. Mellon Foundation. 

Adds Kimball of the AMC: "The stu- 
dents' design was a major improvement, a 
tremendous push forward. They've helped 
us develop the technology. We'll continue 
to work on the research." 

The Likens-Bormann study will, for the 
most part, rely on the active rather than 
passive model in an effort to standardize 
measurement techniques. 

While preliminary tests indicate that 
clouds may be as much as 50 times more 
acidic than the rain that falls from them, 
Kimball and Likens stress that years of re- 
search will be needed before definitive 
results can be determined. 

But for some, the rewards are more im- 
mediate. To design and build a workable 
instrument such as a cloud-water collector 
affords a tremendous amount of personal 
satisfaction. And to be asked to provide 
the hardware for a major study conducted 
by two internationally recognized re- 
searchers is an accomplishment of more 
than passing note. 

"I can't say enough about this project," 
beamed advisor Bob Wagner recently. 
"It's of the highest quality, and it's what 
the WPI project program is all about." 
That said, he can't help but add: "I'm on 
Cloud Nine." 

Michael Shanley is a writer with the WPI 
News Bureau. 



MAY 1984 17 



Dr, Arthur Martell, 38: 

His Distinguished Career Goes On 




Dr. Arthur Martell: "Mr. Coordination Chemistry." 



By Ruth Trask 



a 



I 



f I were to advise undergraduate stu- 
dents in chemistry about what path 
to take, I'd tell them that the future 
belongs to research," says Dr. Arthur E. 
Martell, '38 CH, Distinguished Professor 
of Chemistry and former department head 
at Texas A&M University. 

Regarded by most chemists as the fore- 
most American research scientist of aque- 
ous coordination equilibria, Dr. Martell 
says research benefits not only the individ- 
ual researcher, but also chemistry itself 
and, ultimately, society as a whole. 

Dr. Martell knows whereof he speaks. 
His research has had a tremendous effect 
upon understanding the behavior of metal 
ions and ligands in aqueous solution. His 
work has explained many coordination 
trends now used in designing metal ligands 
for biological and environmental appli- 
cations. 

Since stepping down as head of A&M's 
department of chemistry in 1980, Dr. Mar- 
tell has continued his research and is 
teaching courses in bioinorganic chemistry 
and inorganic-reaction mechanisms. His 
wide-ranging research centers on develop- 
ing models for copper proteins, exploring 
how metal ions and chelates catalyze 
solvolysis, understanding oxidation reac- 



tions in solution and examining how metal 
ions catalyze biochemical reactions. 

Dr. MarteH's love for coordination 
chemistry was evident early in his career. 
Over the years, he has become known in 
professional circles as "Mr. Coordination 
Chemistry." 

In 1952, he and a Berkeley colleague, 
Nobel Laureate Melvin Calvin, published 
Chemistry of the Metal Chelate Com- 
pounds (Prentice-Hall), a classic in its 
field. In 1959, he co-published Organic 
Sequestering Agents. In 1981, he edited 
the American Chemistry Society (ACS) 
publication Coordination Chemistry in Bi- 
ology and Medicine and Development of 
Iron Chelators for Clinical Use (Elsevier). 
Author of nearly 350 journal articles on 
equilibria, kinetics and physical properties 
of metal chelate compounds, he is also 
founding editor of the Journal of Coordi- 
nation Chemistry. 

Dr. Martell holds a PhD from NYU and 
an honorary doctorate from WPI. A 
former head of the chemistry department 
at Illinois Institute of Technology (1961- 
66), he taught at Clark University from 
1942 to 1961. While at Clark, where he 
was department chairman from 1959 to 
1961, he helped develop EDTA— which, 
among its many applications, is an effec- 
tive agent for the removal of radioactive 
contamination. "Persons contaminated 



with fallout from an atomic bomb attack 
could use EDTA to wash away radioactive 
material from their skin or clothing," he 
explains. 

Dr. Martell has lectured widely before 
professional societies and at universities 
around the world. He has also consulted 
for a number of companies, including 
Dow Chemical Co., Pfizer, Stauffer 
Chemical and Kennecott Copper. 

He has been a Guggenheim Fellow 
(1954-55), a National Science Foundation 
Senior Fellow of the School for Advanced 
Studies, MIT (1959-60) and a National 
Institutes of Health Fellow, U.C. Berkeley 
(1964-65). In 1980 he won the ACS 
award for distinguished service in research 
to inorganic chemistry. In addition, he has 
received a faculty research award spon- 
sored by the Texas A&M Association of 
Former Students. 

Under Dr. Martell's leadership, the 
Texas A&M chemistry department came 
from virtually nowhere to become one of 
the leading departments in the country. In 
1966, when he joined the university, the 
department had only 23 faculty. Today, 
there are more than 60, and research funds 
have increased tenfold to $5.5 million. His 
administrative efforts also resulted in new 
buildings for graduate research and under- 
graduate instruction. 

Insistent that the A&M chemistry de- 
partment serve the entire area, he fostered 
strong ties with industry. The department 
even teaches chemistry courses "by wire" 
to a participating industrial firm. 

Dr. Martell has not, however, been con- 
tent with having established a chemical 
center of excellence in the Southwest. He 
has also helped develop the chemical com- 
munity by serving industry, government 
and academe nationwide. Associates de- 
scribe him as "one of those rare indi- 
viduals who has been able to combine a 
career of administration with one of re- 
search and do a phenomenal job at both." 

The leading researcher on stability con- 
stants of coordination compounds, he has 
been, say colleagues, "our one, uniquely 
important star in this entire area." 



18 WPI JOURNAL 



INTERPRET 

AN 

ANNUAL 

REPORT 



It was the best of times, it was the worst 

of times. Whatever the case may be, an annual 

report makes one fiscal year sound like the last. 

And both sound successful. To find out if a 

company is really in the black, a reader 

must tune in to linguistic clues. 



By Mary Ruth Yoe 



m 



they lived happily ever after" You'll never find that 
sentence in an annual report. The institutions and corpora- 
tions that publish such yearly accountings do believe in 
fairy-tale endings, but they strive to achieve the same effect 
through more subtle methods. That means you should read an 
annual report as a piece of literature, carefully, circling the text. 
Reading between the lines, you may discover the bottom line. 
(Sometimes skillfully buried.) 

The business of America, said Calvin Coolidge, is business. 
But the business of American corporations is making money. 
Even nonprofit institutions— such as independent colleges and 
universities— want to stay solvent. (Rather than sell a product, 
they make money by building endowments.) And each year 
brings a fresh flood of annual reports— assuring shareholders and 
other constituencies that everything is basically OK. 



Nevertheless, annual reports almost never mention money. 

You can turn to the back of an annual report and find pages 
crammed with figures and balance sheets, with notes on nonper- 
forming assets, borrowed funds, long-term debts, dividends, and 
operating expenses. But "money"— the word itself— stays firmly 
out of the limelight. Up front, the explanatory text that runs 
between glossy photographs— smiling employees, freshly pol- 
ished antique equipment, inspirational nature scenes— is dotted 
with euphemisms for the company's ruison d'etre, its dirty little 
secret of success: funds, earnings, revenues, cash flow, returns, 
profits. 

On the other side of the ledger, of course, lurk losses. Rather 
than mention losses directly, most reports write of events "hav- 
ing a negative impact on earnings." A reader in search of red ink 
soon picks up on clues, like the adverbs "regrettably" and "dis- 



MAY 1984 



The world presented by the annual report 

is the best of all possible worlds. There are no 

"problems" only "opportunities." 



appointingly." Losses— otherwise known as "downturns" or 
"substantial write-offs"— are sure to follow. 

While most euphemisms found in annual reports have to do 
with money ("a very- [italics mine] substantial write-off" trans- 
lates to a $78.5 million loss after tax benefits), felicitous phras- 
ing can smooth over other pimples on the corporate facade. 
(Someday, corporations may echo gracefully aging beauties and 
admit that a few flaws add character.) The world presented by 
the annual report is the best of all possible worlds. There are no 
"problems," only "challenges" and "opportunities." When the 
going gets really rough, there are "significant" or "major" op- 
portunities. 

So a company admits that it has not been a good year for the 
entire industry, which "experienced its most difficult year as 
profitability was reduced by XX percent." A reminder quickly 
follows that Company A is an industry leader when it comes to 
adjusting to adversity: "The Company took a number of decisive 
actions to help weather the economic downturn and prepare for 
better results in the future." 

Bad things do happen to good companies, and sometimes bad 
things can even be good news. Enter another use for the euphe- 
mism, as when a college president explains to alumni and other 
friends of Alma Mater just how the institution has garnered a 
record year in gifts and grants: "This outstanding result was 
substantially aided by the maturation of 23 bequests." For a 
bequest to mature, somebody— in this case, 23 somebodies— had 
to die, or otherwise complete a career. 

Another species of euphemism: the welded word. In annual 
reportage, certain words seldom appear without amplifying 
mates. A corporation never baldly "takes steps." At the very 
least, a company may admit to taking "further steps." Better still 
are "prudent steps," "economically sound steps," or— most pur- 
poseful of all— "strategically important steps." 

In much the same way, the noun "emphasis" seems to lack 
emphasis. So it is never used alone. Annual reports speak of 
"increased emphasis" or "continued emphasis." "Commit- 
ments" are almost always "continuing," and "analysis" is "in- 
depth." Even words that can stand alone take on extra meaning 
when coupled with a few all-purpose adjectives. Current adjec- 
tives of choice: "significant," "substantial," and "enhanced." 

Overly enthusiastic users of the all-purpose adjective do run 
the risk of redundancy. One Ivy League university recently 
boasted of "the positive enhancements" made possible by a cor- 
porate benefactor. If the benefactor hadn't come through, one 
wonders, would that have meant "negative enhancements"? 

Annual reports, like other assembly-line products, change 
models from year to year. In the early 1980s, corporations fought 
their way out of a recession, and annual reports picked up on the 
military metaphor. Another plus: military and sexual metaphor 
overlap, and every company president knows that Sex Sells. So 
in a competitive marketplace, corporations and universities have 



abandoned "planning for the future" in favor of "strategic posi- 
tioning" or, at the very least, "strategic planning." Companies 
talk of strategies, aggressive tactics, taking action on several 
fronts. Products are "developed to penetrate [italics mine] the 
evolving corporate market." There are objectives, advances, alli- 
ances, new territories. The action verbs are "deploy" and, when 
things don't go according to strategic planning, "redeploy." 

As a subspecies of annual reports, those produced by colleges 
and universities are generally less glossy than their corporate 
counterparts. Love of euphemism prevails, but the tone is 
slightly different. While corporate reports are often written by 
anonymous pens, at colleges and universities the task falls most 
often to either the president or to someone connected with the 
annual giving campaign. 

The three little words most likely to appear on the tombstone 
of an annual giving officer: "Another Record Year." That head- 
line and its variations— "Contributions Break All Records," 
"Campaign Raises Record Amount"— sound, over and over, 
like a broken record. Sometimes the writer will dredge up a 
synonym, like "all-time high" or "new mark." But the device 
most often used to convert record-breaking ennui into enthusi- 
asm is the exclamation point— frequently preceded by an excited 
"ever": "Again, the Highest Ever!" "The most successful fund 
campaign ever!" 

Presidents don't use exclamation points. They emphasize the 
long view, the fact that education is a process. "Discussion of 
the curriculum is continuing." "Further steps were taken [by 
whom, the cynic wonders] in the University's program to 
achieve long-range financial stability." "Dean X and his col- 
leagues are currently engaged in a number of conversations to 
this end." And, in summation: "Much, however, remains to be 
done." Since near-term prospects can't be ignored, marketing 
jargon now shows up in presidential prose. "Suddenly the stu- 
dent is a scarce commodity." Which means that "in an increas- 
ingly competitive college marketplace," a college can't afford to 
have "an insufficient national presence." Send in the direct-mail 
experts. 

For in the final analysis, as one president writes, "Perhaps the 
most remarkable of G's assets are the students." 

Above all, the president is an institutional Pollyanna. He or 
she accentuates the positive— a university's "traditions of excel- 
lence," a phrase that encompasses "excellent faculty," "out- 
standing students," "dramatic achievements." But the president 
must also point to challenges: "maintaining a leadership role," 
"ensuring the continued excellence of its programs," "enhancing 
our preeminent position." 

Finally, to assure supporters that they have picked a winner, 
even on a tough track, the president often puts in a leader-in- 
adversity reminder: "Many other schools face greater perils than 
we do." The bottom line: "Much, however, remains to be done." 



II ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



ANNUAL REPORT 
STARTER KIT 



You, too, can write an annual report. (Though why you 'd 
want to is another subject.) Fourscore verbs, adverbs, adjec- 
tives, and nouns, culled from state-of-the-art annual reports, 
await your ventures. 

Simply pretend that you are dining at a Chinese-American 
restaurant and pick one from Column A, one from Column B, 
and so on. With experience, you '11 be able to string two or 
more nouns together ("profitability options," "growth pos- 
tures," "progress enhancement initiatives "). Adjectives also 
benefit from such coupling ("strategic near-term," "sophisti- 
cated evolutionary," "continuing competitive "). 

A more fundamentally integrated utilization: Shareholders 
can consult the chart to evaluate the mainstream positioning 
of their companies ' strategic public relations efforts. 



VERBS* 

Impact 

Enhance 

Restructure 

Position 

Deploy 

Redeploy 

Implement 

Complement 

Seek 

Finalize 

Outperform 

Maintain 

Anticipate 

Initiate 

Sustain 

Explore 

Reconfigure 

Expand 

Participate 

Respond 



ADVERBS 

Considerably 

Virtually 

Significantly 

Substantially 

Fundamentally 

Aggressively 

Increasingly 

Greatly 

Actively 

Relatively 

Highly 

Ultimately 

Adversely 

Creatively 

Vigorously 

Sufficiently 

Intensively 

Positively 

Importantly 

Imaginatively 



*The most important verb is, of course, to be; and the past 
perfect, has been, is a virtually invaluable form: "The Com- 
pany has been an actively flexible organization, able to antic- 
ipate the challenges of its highly competitive environment 
and thus to position itself creatively for significant long-term 
high-growth challenges." 

The passive voice, in all its variations, is key. While it 
may not seem to complement the active image sought by the 
typical corporation or institution, creatively positioned the 
passive voice has its utilizations. Most importantly, it allows 
a corporation or its officers to escape out-and-out responsi- 
bility: "Disappointingly, profitability has been impacted by 
the downward pressures of increasingly negative near-term 
markets." 

**In deploying a noun, you should remember that more is 
more, and try to implement plurals over singulars, thus main- 
taining a synergistic posture of expanding option packages. 



ADJECTIVES 

Integrated 

Competitive 

Substantial 

Strategic 

Significant 

Flexible 

High-growth 

Long-term 

Evolutionary 

Near-term 

Sophisticated 

Invaluable 

Negative 

Continuing 

Responsive 

Synergistic 

Extraordinary 

Key 

Outstanding 

Mainstream 



NOUNS** 

Action 

Change 

Progress 

Initiatives 

Options 

Strategy 

Profitability 

Utilization 

Positioning 

Expenditures 

Advances 

Growth 

Challenges 

Postures 

Enhancement 

Infrastructures 

Excellence 

Ventures 

Packages 

Opportunity 



MAY 1984 III 






I PI Bclinunn Arvfmc 



Asa teenager growing up in suburban 
/^Washington. D.C.. Bowie Kuhn 
L JL worked through the city's humid 
summers, at a dollar a day, putting num- 
bers up on the old wooden scoreboard of 
Griffith Stadium. The numbers usually 
told of another losing effort by the Sena- 
tors; in time, Washington would ignobly 
lose two editions of its team to other cities. 
"1 started following them in 1933," recalls 
Kuhn. "After that, they never won a pen- 
nant again." 

Kuhn fared much better. For 15 years, 
he has been commissioner of baseball, 
presiding over the sport's most prosperous 
era. During his tenure, attendance records 
were set annually, climbing from 22.6 mil- 
lion fans in 1969 to 45.5 million in 1983. 
Network television revenues jumped from 
S16.5 million a year to a Sl.2-billion. six- 
year pact to begin this season. The game 
itself snapped out of a 1960s torpor that 
cult statistician Bill James has called 'the 
most Godawful boring brand of baseball 
ever conceived of." and evolved into a 
harmonious mix of base-running speed, 
home-run power, and dominant relief 
pitching. 

Simultaneously, baseball has been 
wrenched through its most tumultuous and 
trying period. For the first time, the two 
leagues played with unequal rules and 
fielded an unequal number of teams. Play- 
ers were unchained through free agency; 
owners were increasingly unbridled as 
they fought over— and against— the play- 
ers, paying salaries that averaged 
$289,200 last year. For television 
purposes. World Series games were 
played during late October nights, 
amid snowfalls and chilly winds. 
And. every four years during 
^ Kuhn's reign, scheduled base- 

^^g^ ball games were not played 

^B \ at all. as labor relations 

^^L ^ became worn and fray- 

^^ ed, and finally came 

^W /'J'/ sm wholly apart 



in the unhappy 
summer of 
1981. when 



IV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



a strike cancelled one-third of the season. 

Throughout, Kuhn acted as chief execu- 
tive to a sport uneasily become an indus- 
try. His relations to management— the 
owners— were never well defined; he was 
at once taskmaster and servant. He voided 
trades, fined and suspended owners, even 
forced lineup changes. (When Henry 
Aaron was about to break Babe Ruth's 
home-run record at the start of the 1974 
season, Kuhn ordered the Atlanta Braves 
to play him in two of the team's first three 
road games, instead of allowing the owner 
to hold Aaron out for a lucrative home 
date.) His powers were virtually unlim- 
ited, according to a 1977 federal-court de- 
cision that upheld his banning of high- 
priced player sales. Yet four years later, 
another federal court heard an owners' at- 
torney testify, and Kuhn concur, that the 
commissioner had no status in labor nego- 
tiations. 

Baseball "is not a ship that turns easily," 
Kuhn remarks. He takes direct credit for 
only a few changes in its course. Night 
World Series games he calls "my baby." 
Much of his work has been done behind 
the scenes, he says, in tandem with the 
owners. "Overall, I feel I've had a lot of 
influence on where the game is going." 
The Sporting News, the weekly publica- 
tion regarded as baseball's bible, agrees. 
In January its editors named Kuhn the 
1983 "Man of the Year" in sports, com- 
mending him as "the steward of the game 
in a revolutionary time, and a good one." 
The award came a few months after 
Kuhn's dismissal as commissioner had 
been sealed, and one year after the paper 
had pressed for his resignation. Like much 
of the baseball world, they had come to 
praise Kuhn. once they had buried him. 

That Kuhn, now 57, lasted 15 years in 
baseball's top post is regarded as a tri- 
umph. His tenure is second only to that of 
the first commissioner. Judge Kenesaw 
Mountain Landis. Brought into the scan- 
dal-ridden game in 1921 to instill order. 
Landis did so emphatically for 24 years. 
He was followed by a former governor, a 
sports columnist, and a retired Air Force 




The great American game: Opening day at Washington 's Griffith Stadium, 1927. The 
hometown Senators marched with the band; 53 years later, Reggie Jackson— a free agent 
playing for the highest bidder— hit his 400th homer, for the Sew York Yankees. 

THE 

GOOD OF 
THE GAME 



The game is baseball, and as commissioner of 
the game for the past 15 years, Bowie Kuhn 
has helped the sport enter the world of 
big business. Along the way, Kuhn laments, 
he has given up some of his fanhood. 

By Eric Garland 



MAY 1984 V 



"My natural alignment," says Bowie 
Kuhn, "is with the umpires." 




swings ana misses: tie played 
— and umpired— in a slow-pitch Softball 
game at the University of Virginia. 

general. With Kuhn's selection in 1969, 
the office again wore a legal cloak. 

Kuhn had spent his law career with a 
New York firm that represented many ma- 
jor-league clubs, and he was fresh from 
negotiating player-pension issues for the 
National League in 1968. The training 
would be critical, for he entered the game 
as it entered the world of big business. The 
nature of both owner and player was 
changing swiftly, and labor pains were be- 
coming sharper and more frequent. 

On the management side, baseball's 
long-standing families were ready to give 
way to a new breed of owner. For decades 
a wealthy individual— a Thomas Yawkey 
(of the Boston Red Sox) or a Horace 
Stoneham (who owned the New York, 
later the San Francisco, Giants)— had been 
able to pursue an interest in sports, living 
as a lord of baseball. In the 1970s and 
'80s, the tide of dollars overwhelmed such 
owners, washing away all but one of the 
26 club fiefdoms. (A last holdout is 
penny-pinching Calvin Griffith, alone and 
in tatters in Minnesota.) 

In their place are executives and entre- 
preneurs from the corporate world. They 
are well-versed in markets and products: 
McDonald's hamburgers, Levi's jeans, 
Seagram's liquor, the Chicago Tribune, 
Doubleday books, and cable super-station 
WTBS are among the concerns that have 



picked up baseball teams. Along with their 
increased sophistication came an increased 
struggle for Kuhn to keep their minds on 
the "good of the game," a favored phrase. 
"There is a danger that the interests of a 
diversified company may take precedence 
over the baseball interests," says Kuhn. 
"We've seen some examples of that." 

Without naming names, Kuhn is refer- 
ring to such sore spots as the attempts by 
Atlanta's Ted Turner to broadcast the 
Braves' playoff games on cable, over top 
of network coverage. Quarrels among 
owners have heated up as the money at 
stake has ballooned and as the chances of 
profits— or, more commonly, losses— have 
multiplied. "In 1969, I'd say we were 
fairly close to break-even overall," Kuhn 
reflects. "Today, industry losses are in the 
scores of millions." 

Such financial pressures, he warns, 
have created a "win at any price" syn- 
drome among owners. Each new million- 
dollar contract, whether for players or for 
local television rights, sets rival owners in 
motion. "If everybody is more or less 
breaking even, you're not as apt to be as 
keenly competitive," Kuhn says of base- 
ball's old order. "Today, because the 
downside is so big, everybody's scram- 
bling not to be in the big loss position." 

Still, many bathers are attracted to this 
pool of red ink. One reason is that, along 
with players' salaries, the value of a fran- 
chise has risen dramatically. In 1973 the 
New York Yankees— baseball's most 
glamorous team, in the largest U.S. mar- 
ket—were sold to George Steinbrenner for 
S10 million. Last year the Detroit Tigers, 
without nearly the Yankees' number of 
championships or fans, were bought by a 
pizza mogul for a reported $50 million. 
Kuhn foresees a "land rush" when base- 
ball expands again. "I think you'll be 
absolutely amazed" by the number of 
bidders, says Kuhn, even though expan- 
sion teams routinely suffer a decade or 
more of inept play on the field and losses 
in the front office. 

But Kuhn maintains that the new owners 
coming into the game are not intent on 



making money. They would rather make 
headlines. "Baseball owners are the best- 
known owners in the country," he says. 
"You get more ink, more attention." And 
feeding an owner's ego, Kuhn suggests, is 
more important than fattening his wallet. 
"When you see a substantial price paid for 
a team, how much is paid by reason of a 
cold-blooded analysis of the operating 
statement, and how much is paid by reason 
of psychic pressure?" 

In the midst of these large egos and large 
bankrolls, the commissioner has had to 
speak softly while carrying a big stick. 
Whenever Kuhn crossed an owner, he 
knew the action could eventually bring 
him down: he could be fired by a negative 
vote from one-fourth of either league's 
owners. When, in the aftermath of Water- 
gate, he gave a two-year suspension to 
George Steinbrenner for illegal campaign 
contributions, the Yankee owner began to 
plot Kuhn's downfall. When he started to 
push for more sharing of revenues among 
teams, as the National Football League 
does, the television-rich New York Mets 
went against him. And when he approved 
a split-season scheme in the wake of the 
1981 strike, a scheme that kept the Cincin- 
nati Reds— the team with the best overall 
record— out of the playoffs, that vote 
went. 

Kuhn held his ground, in part, through 
intense lobbying by his allies. Bob Wirz, a 
longtime Kuhn assistant, recalls that 
Edward Bennett Williams, a prominent 
trial attorney who bought the Baltimore 
Orioles in 1979, had been "sharply critical 
of Bowie, especially during the strike." 
But as Williams was drawn more into 
baseball's inner circles, says Wirz, "he 
became better acquainted with the system 
and more informed, and turned into one of 
Kuhn's staunch supporters." 

In the aftermath of the 1981 strike, how- 
ever, Kuhn lost out. When his seven- 
year contract came up for renewal in 1982, 
several owners were on the warpath. The 
Mets' Nelson Doubleday told the press 
that Kuhn "is not a businessman. Baseball 



VI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




Rain— not snow— forced Kuhn (top) to cancel a 1972 World Series night game. At a 
Capitol Hill cable-copyright hearing (above) in 1981, Kuhn chatted with sometime 
adversary Ted Turner, owner of the Atlanta Braves— and of cable station WTBS. 



needs a leader who can help bail us out of 
our current financial mess." Four other 
National League owners— some with lin- 
gering grudges, others with freshly re- 
ceived wounds— lined up alongside Dou- 
bleday, and Kuhn was toppled. 

Through Kuhn's lame-duck year of 
1983, the owners stumbled about for a 
replacement. Meanwhile, Kuhn plugged 
away, streamlining baseball's hierarchy 
and putting more order into league deci- 
sion-making. Baseball's different power 
centers— its marketing arm, the league 
presidents' offices, its player relations 
committee— with offices scattered about 
Manhattan, were brought under the same 



roof in the commissioner's building on 
Park Avenue. The change was not just 
geographical: lines of authority now flow 
upward from these bodies to the commis- 
sioner. The two leagues are set to vote as 
one on most issues— including the status of 
the commissioner (which now requires a 
majority vote to change). 

As the owners continued their search, 
Kuhn agreed to stay on through March, 
then through this August. For, Finally, 
after Kuhn had greatly enhanced the com- 
missioner's powers, and after the owners 
had sweetened the pot from Kuhn's 
$250,000 annual salary to a reported 
$400,000, a recruit was signed on— Peter 



Ueberroth, organizer of the summer 
Olympics in Los Angeles. "Do I find it 
ironic?" Kuhn asks of his management 
shake-up, revisions that left him on the 
outside. As lawyers say, he answers in the 
affirmative. 

If Kuhn paid heavily for shepherding the 
owners into the modern era, he suffered 
also at the hands of the players. In the 
1940s the owners had routed player organ- 
izing, and the Major League Baseball 
Players Association had remained little 
more than a weak house union until the 
1967 arrival of Marvin Miller. A former 
economist and negotiator for the United 
Steelworkers, Miller's tenure roughly co- 
incided with Kuhn's— and in the eyes of 
the media, the fans, and, most important, 
the owners, Miller kept coming out on 
top. "We've been hornswoggled, and 
we're going to pay for it," fumed Cardi- 
nals owner Gussie Busch after a 1976 set- 
tlement engineered largely by Kuhn. 

There is an uncommon note of irritation 
in Kuhn's voice when he talks about 
Miller, who retired in 1982. Kuhn believes 
ownership has progressed from a wary re- 
lation with the union to a practical, 
straightforward stance. It's the union that 
has regressed, he says, to conservatism. 
He cites its opposition to drug-testing of 
players, claiming that sports unions "have 
to participate in that if they're going to be 
modern and effective." 

Under Miller's guidance, the players' 
association became quite modern and ex- 
tremely effective, leaving behind a period 
when the most militant issues included 
water fountains in the dugouts. As Miller 
solidified the players and initiated collec- 
tive bargaining— held every four years to 
up a new basic agreement— the union be- 
gan to chip away at the owners and at the 
commissioner. In 1968 the players came 
away with a binding arbitration system to 
handle grievances, which formerly were 
settled by the commissioner. Then the 
players struck for the first 13 days of the 
1972 season, to win more pension money 
and salary arbitration. 

Their biggest prize came two days be- 



MAY 1984 VII 




Word on the strike: News crews sur- 
round Marvin Miller, the players ' repre- 
sentative, as he leaves federal court. 

fore Christmas in 1975, when arbitrator 
Peter Seitz gave them an early present: 
free agency. Traditionally, a player was 
bound to his team for perpetuity; if he 
refused to sign a new contract, the club 
invoked a "reserve clause" to retain him. 
Seitz ruled that a player could be held for 
one year, as the contract language actually 
stated, but no more. The decision was a 
tremendous blow to the owners. They had 
known, of course, that their antitrust pro- 
tection was eroding; after all, the Supreme 
Court scores had gotten steadily closer, 
from 9-0 in 1922 (Federal Baseball Club 
of Baltimore v. National League el al.) to 
7-2 in 1953 (Toolson v. New York Yankees) 
to 5-3 in 1972 (Curt Flood v. Bowie Kuhn 
et al.). But Seitz 's decision, they cried, 
would cause financial tremors and ruin the 
game. 

The following spring, the owners locked 
the players out of training camps, hoping 
to roll back the players' gain. Kuhn saw 
the lockout as a futile gesture. "I opened 
the camps because I thought the owners 



were wrong. It was not a popular move, 
but the players were on the right side of 
that issue." The union did not argue for 
complete, chaotic free agency, but for a 
system that allowed players with six years' 
seniority to negotiate with several teams if 
they played out their contract. An agree- 
ment was reached, and that fall the first 
batch of 22 free agents went into the hop- 
per. Twelve emerged with million-dollar 
contracts. 

Over the next four years the owners bat- 
ted .500 on their predictions. Players' sal- 
aries did climb mightily, as their services 
were sold in a free market. But the game 
enjoyed its tightest pennant races in years 
and attendance swelled. Still, Kuhn urged 
restraint in the face of ever-higher payrolls 
and expenses; in annual "State of Base- 
ball" messages, he raised the specter of 
teams unable to compete for high-priced 
stars. And by the 1980 bargaining session, 
the owners were set on gaining some com- 
pensation for lost free agents. They 
wanted to penalize the team that signed a 
free agent by requiring it to give up a 
player in return; in effect they were asking 
the players to put the bit between their 
teeth. The players naturally resisted, and 
the issue was tabled. It smoldered until 
1981 , when a bitter strike burned a hole in 
the middle of the season. 

Recalling that episode, Kuhn finds the 
union in the wrong. "When it got down to 
negotiations, it became apparent they 
didn't want to make any concessions. At 
no time did I think it was a proper strike 
issue, because the compensation would 
not be all that grievous." The union was 
mistaken in calling the strike, Kuhn says, 
"and they had a hard time getting out of 
it." Miller calls such a reading of events 
"balderdash." The owners had dug in be- 
forehand. Miller notes, by taking out a 50- 
day strike insurance policy with Lloyd's of 
London. On the 50th day of the strike, 
after 713 games had been wiped out, 
Miller says, "the strike was settled on the 
basis of a proposal I personally made to 
the owners before it began." 

Throughout the strike Kuhn appeared to 



be in the twilight. His hands were tied by 
the earlier court testimony that he had no 
say in labor relations— that such a voice 
was the province of the owners' players 
relations committee (PRC). Today Kuhn 
insists he was able to work behind the 
scenes, even though "there wasn't a direct 
line in the corporate management box run- 
ning up from the PRC to me, as there is 
now." Whatever the case, he never played 
a "hole card" to end the strike, as he had 
promised to 77?^ Sporting News. Much of 
the media, and many fans, wondered 
where baseball's steward was as the game 
ran aground. And the owners, who had 
entered the strike full of bravado— one had 
boasted they would "hang Miller's head 
on a pole"— had only one place to swing 
their ax when the season ended. 

The strike left an ugly stain on baseball, 
and the blame put on Kuhn for its duration 
had to hurt. Kuhn has always named safe- 
guarding the game's integrity and credibil- 
ity as his top duty. Even when he carried 
his code of honor to extremes— scolding 
Jim Bouton for the raucously telling Ball 
Four, banning Willie Mays from official 
baseball ties over shaking hands for an At- 
lantic City casino— his critics recognized 
an overarching will to keep the game 
clean. An "upright scoutmaster," sports 
columnist Red Smith called him. 

Kuhn's past and bearing do have a 
touch of starch in them. President of 
his high school Honor Society and Bank 
Club, he spent two years in a Naval-offi- 
cer training program while at Franklin and 
Marshall College, then went on to Prince- 
ton after World War II, and received his 
law degree from the University of Vir- 
ginia. He immediately joined the Wall 
Street law firm of Willkie, Farr, and Gal- 
lagher, attracted to its baseball clients and 
its political heritage. 

In his current office, classical music 
comes from a desk radio. Well-tailored, 
deep in voice, and usually standing or pac- 
ing when he talks to seated visitors, Kuhn 
can appear the Imperial Commissioner. "I 
think his 6 feet, 5 inches works against 



VIII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



him," says Wirz, who makes a pitch for an 
unreported, genuinely affable side of 
Kuhn. 

But if Kuhn comes across to the public 
as aloof, notes Ken Nigro, a baseball 
writer for 10 years at the Baltimore Sun, 
it's hardly an accident. "He was very inac- 
cessible to the media," Nigro says. Lack- 
ing the public-relations background of 
football commissioner Pete Rozelle, Kuhn 
shrugged off a lot of press demands. The 
silence, Nigro believes, "helped cost him 
his job." 

"I had to take the slings and arrows," 
Kuhn says, more concerned with working 
for the good of the game. His solace is that 
he can pronounce the game good, on the 
field and in the stands. He calls baseball 
the "family sport— more women, more 
children in the ballparks," and he points 
out that ticket prices have not been grossly 
inflated. He cheers the teams' greater em- 
phasis on marketing and promotions that 
bring more and more varied fans into the 
parks. "I'm sort of sorry we didn't find the 
San Diego Chicken and the Philly 
Phanatic 40 years ago," he says, in ear- 
nest. "I really enjoy them." He stands be- 
hind night World Series games as "a dra- 
matic way to showcase baseball"; and, 
although he now wishes the leagues would 
decide together on the fate of the desig- 
nated hitter, he stands behind it as a neces- 
sary experiment in its time. 

Baseball as an art form has been another 
of Kuhn's puzzles in modernism. With is- 
sues like the designated hitter and World 
Series night play, he has had to balance the 
classical purity of the game against steps 
taken to widen its appeal. Out-of-sync ele- 
ments, such as the different number of 
teams in the two leagues, do concern him; 
wilder proposals for change are examined 
coldly. "I believe in the Rip Van Winkle 
theory," Kuhn told Thomas Boswell in 
Inside Sports in 1980. "A man from 1910 
must be able to wake up after being asleep 
for seventy years, walk into a ballpark, 
and understand baseball perfectly." Still, 
alterations that could bring in more tele- 
vision, more attendance, and more money 




Quiet resignation: With only 10 days left on his contract, Bowie Kuhn announced at an 
August 1983 news conference that he was resigning as baseball commissioner. Promising 
to stay until a replacement was found, he departs the post this August. 



are necessarily of interest to him. Inter- 
league play is a warm subject; the ex- 
panded playoffs of other sports, once 
heavily discussed by the American 
League, are for now "not on the front 
burner." 

As commissioner of the game for 15 
years, Kuhn laments, he has had to give up 
some of his fanhood. He cannot root for 
any team. He has little time to pore over 
the box scores in the New York Times and 
Daily News left on his New Jersey front 
porch each morning. When he attends his 
60 to 70 games a year (more of them col- 
lege, minor-league, and foreign than not) 
and turns many more on at night on televi- 
sion, he finds himself watching the um- 
pires. "My natural alignment is with 
them." he says. "They're sort of the com- 
missioners on the field." Yet he still no- 
tices the rhythms of the game, and finds it 
a more interesting, exciting, running game 
today, with less emphasis on the "big, 
slow-footed sluggers" of his youth. "The 
game is a beautifully integrated whole," 
Kuhn sums up. "All the pieces work." 

Nigro says Kuhn will be missed as com- 
missioner because, fittingly enough, he's 
likely the last one who "really and truly 
loves baseball. Now it's getting to where 
everything is business." Indeed. Kuhn's 
successor, Ueberroth— highly regarded for 
his financial and organizational talents in 



building the nation's second-largest travel 
agency— described himself upon his ap- 
pointment as "a stranger to baseball" who 
owned rarely used season tickets to Dodg- 
ers games. 

After August, Kuhn plans to return to 
legal work, some related to sports, some 
not. An avid reader of American history 
and politics— Washington, Jefferson, and 
Wendell Willkie, a founder of his old law 
firm, are favorites— he'll also go back 
through Roger Angell's New Yorker pieces 
on baseball. "I'll read Roger almost the 
way I pick up a volume of Robert Frost 
and go through it." Kuhn says of the writer 
he calls the "poet laureate of the game." 

In turn. Angell— like almost everyone 
else, of mixed feelings about Kuhn— wrote 
in 1969 that "he may be the best thing that 
has happened to baseball since the 
catcher's mitt." a commissioner who could 
"force baseball's Cro-Magnons into com- 
mon sense planning and grudging contem- 
poraneity." Upon Kuhn's exit, Angell was 
brief and somber. "Mr. Kuhn is a pleasant 
and hardworking gent, with a deep love of 
the game," he observed, "and I think he 
has been ill-used by his employers." 
Knowing the score, Kuhn simply says 
he'll miss the game and the people in it. 

Eric Garland, a writer at Baltimore 
Magazine, is a Pittsburgh Pirates fan. 



MAY 1984 IX 



COUNTING DOWN THE 

TOP TEN 



As these brief biographies show, all numbers 
were not created equal Some rate as stars, the 

author argues, while others remain in the 
background. Why? Hie answers lie in mathe- 
matics, science, religion, and folklore. 
And the Top Ten turns into the Top Eleven. 

By Robert Kanigel 
Illustrations by Robert Soule 



9 When the Beatles released The 
White Album in 1968, the number 
Nine came in for an unaccustomed 
taste of celebrity: One of the songs 
on that untitled LP classic ended with a 
strange, hypnotic mantra— "Number nine 
. . . number nine . . . number nine 
. . ."—that has kept fans and critics won- 
dering ever since. 

Until then. Nine's reputation had rested 
largely on its being not-quite-Ten: In ex- 
pressions like "Possession is nine points 
of the law," or "nine times out of ten," 
Nine carries the flavor of something al- 
most true but not quite, of something miss- 
ing, incomplete. The bowling game 
known as ninepins? "Tenpins without the 
head pin," is how one dictionary defines 
it. This same almost-Ten quality has been 
exploited commercially— as in a sale price 
of $69.99, say, where the Nines disguise 
the 70 dollars an item really costs. 

To the early medieval mind, at least, 
Nine was perfect: It was Three times 
Three, the product of the perfect triad 
(with all its Christian symbolism) times it- 
self. Nine— which may owe its graphic 
form to the Greek letter theta (0), once 
used to denote it— is the number of Muses 
of the ancient Greeks and the number of 



rivers in the classical hell. It is the number 
of Etruscan gods whose worship was intro- 
duced to Rome, the number of heads on 
the mythological Hydra. The number of 
lives folklore attributes to cats, it can 
claim a modest contribution to sports jar- 
gon as well: "a nine" can be a baseball 
team, or half a standard round of golf. 

Aside from these claims to distinction, 
Nine has little to recommend it. 

8 When human beings make things, 
they make them with Eights. 
It is, as it were, a secular num- 
ber, largely barren of religious or 
symbolic significance. Eight is the crew of 
oarsmen on a racing boat, the number of 
slices in the standard pizza. It is an auto- 
mobile engine of that many cylinders, the 
number of squares in each chessboard 
row, of reindeer powering Santa's sleigh. 
It is the number of triplets of broken and 
unbroken lines that the ancient Chinese 
used to form the 64 trigrams of the / 
Ching. 

If you keep dividing a measuring scale 
in halves, pretty soon you're down to 
eighths. So it is in eighth-dollars, not dol- 
lars and cents, that Wall Street records 
stock prices. Inches are divvied up into 



eighths, musical time into eighth notes. In 
navigation, compass direction is tradition- 
ally reckoned in eighths of a point— a point 
being one-eighth of a quarter circle, or 
about 1 1 degrees. 

Students of computers learn that eight 
bits, the fundamental unit of information, 
make a byte. (A bit is the information you 
have when you know that a switch that 
may be On or Off is actually one or the 
other.) Eight bits can represent 2", or 256 
possible combinations, which is enough to 
give unique on-off codes to each number, 
letter of the alphabet, and punctuation 
mark— and enough, in the early days of 
computers, to get eight bits its own name. 

Keep halving and you get eighths; keep 
doubling and you get eights. And double is 
just what computer memories, which are 
figured in so many "K," or thousand bytes 
of capacity, do with each new generation; 
almost invariably they're rated in multi- 
ples of 8K. A capacity of 10K or 12K or 
18K is rare, one of 8K, 16K, or 64K the 
rule. 

When it comes to symbolic signifi- 
cance, Eight's claim is thin. One survey of 
the otherwise rich tradition of Jewish nu- 
merology, for example, notes that Eight, 
like Nine, "does not appear to have any 



X ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




MAY 1984 XI 




intrinsic symbolic import." The few men- 
tions of an eighth day in the Old Testament 
stem from its proximity to the more signif- 
icant seventh day. And the term "eighth 
wonder" refers to a marvel not itself one 
of the real Seven Wonders of the World. 

Even as the span, in hours, of the "nor- 
mal" workday. Eight's claim is diluted, 
the eight-hour day's hold on modern con- 
sciousness doubtless owing as much to the 
three satisfyingly equal parts into which 
the day's 24 hours conveniently divide. 

5 Among the Tamanac Indians of the 
Orinoco River basin, Five is 
amgnaitone, meaning "one hand 
complete." Similarly, the Roman 
symbol for Five, V, was most likely a hier- 
oglyph for an uplifted open hand: One 
stroke represented the thumb, the other the 
four fingers together. The U and the in- 
verted V that stood for Five on early Ro- 
man monuments can be likewise visual- 
ized. 

Five is inextricably linked to the five 
fingers of the hand. But humans have two 
hands and ten fingers, so that Five has, 
like Nine but for different reasons, lived in 
Ten's shadow. Most cultures picked both 
hands— Ten— as the basis of their number 
systems. Some, like the Celts, settled on 
hands and feet— Twenty. Even today, the 
French word for eighty is quatre-vingts or 
"four 20s." A very few, including several 
African tribes found by the explorer Stan- 
ley, have used "quinary," or base five, 
systems. Homer used the Greek word for 
Five as a verb, "to count," but apparently 
the Greeks employed a true decimal sys- 



tem in which Five merely served as a natu- 
ral halting place, halfway up from units to 
tens— just as grade schoolers today sing- 
song, "Five, ten, fifteen, twenty." 

In ancient times, Five was often used for 
"a few." Some scholars, for instance, read 
the "five smooth stones" that the biblical 
David chose for slinging at Goliath as 
merely "several" stones. 

Followers of the Greek mathematician 
Pythagoras believed that in numbers lay 
the key to all manner of cosmic mysteries. 
To the Pythagoreans, Five stood for mar- 
riage because it was the sum of the first 
feminine number, Two, and the first mas- 
culine number, which was not One but 
Three. It was also "circular" because, like 
Six, it forever reproduced its last digit 
when raised to any power: Five squared is 
25, cubed is 125, to the fourth is 625, and 
soon. 

Words owing their origins to Five in- 
clude quintessential, which refers to a 
higher "fifth essence" beyond the basic 
four "essences" of the Greeks (earth, air, 
fire, and water). And the punch served at 
parties: During the 17th century, the En- 
glish took a liking to an East Indian drink 
made from water, sugar, lemon juice, 
spice, and arrak, a strong alcoholic bever- 
age made from rice or molasses. The in- 
gredients numbered five, which in San- 
skrit is panca. 

6 The "Six Counties" constitute 
Northern Ireland. Six "compa- 
nies," or family clans, are said to 
run San Francisco's Mafia. The 
"six-shooter" put many an Old West gun- 



slinger "six feet under." The modern uni- 
versity calendar's semester derives from 
the Latin sex and menstris, meaning "six 
months." A sixth sense suggests powers of 
perception beyond the ordinary five. In the 
old 12-hour day that ran from sunrise to 
sunset, the sixth hour— siesta in Spanish- 
was reserved for midday naps. Ocean 
depth is measured in fathoms of six feet. 
(On the Mississippi, "mark twain" was 12 
feet.) The six-sided benzene ring functions 
as the skeleton for many organic mole- 
cules. Snow crystals are six-sided. So are 
the waxy cells of a beehive. 

Six. The Pythagoreans called it the 
"perfect number," since it was both prod- 
uct and sum of Three and Two and One. 
But let's face it, Six's real significance 
may derive from its role as an ambassador, 
as it were, from the Twelve-based duodec- 
imal system, where it plays a role analo- 
gous to that played by Five in the decimal 
system. 

cA ^^ Whether as the sum of ten- 
I J digits-plus-two hands, or else 
I / as the number of phalanges, 

JL mm or finger segments, on each 
hand. Twelve has always made for special 
convenience in counting. And it can be 
divided by 2, 3, 4, or 6, whereas 10 is 
divisible only by 2 and 5. In any case. 
Twelve long ago took on mystic signifi- 
cance as a round number. Homer tells us 
that Ajax and Odysseus each commanded 
12 ships, that 12 Ionian cities formed an 
alliance. Israel, says the Old Testament, 
had 12 tribes; Christ, according to the 
New, had 12 disciples. 



XII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




In commerce, everything from eggs to 
T-shirts is still counted by dozens and frac- 
tions of dozens, rather than by tens. Four 
bottles of aspirin on a pharmaceutical sup- 
plier's order form are still apt to be re- 
corded as one-third dozen. Doughnuts are 
sold by the dozen, as are file folders, 
erasers, and tent pegs. Photographic film 
typically comes in 12-, 24-, or 36-expo- 
sure rolls. Beer is sold in six-packs, or in 
cases of two dozen— never by tens. (But 
seltzer, where still available in real siphon 
bottles, comes in cases often; so do com- 
puter diskettes.) 

The jury of twelve is sacred to our judi- 
cial system; proposals to reduce its size 
have gained but scant success. What little 
orderliness the English system of measure- 
ment boasts can also be traced to Twelve: 
Twelve inches make a foot, 12 troy ounces 
an old English pound, 12 pence an old 
English shilling. 

A dozen dozens, of course, equals a 
gross. But did you know that a dozen 
gross— 1 ,728 or the duodecimal equivalent 
of 1 ,000— has been called a "mass"? 

Woolworth's didn't make it as a "six 
and twelve," but multiples of Six— 12, 60, 
120, and even 360— continue to give deci- 
mal systems a run for their money. 

4 If you ask a member of certain 
primitive tribes how many cattle he 
owns, the reply, should he own 
more than three, is apt to be sim- 
ply, "Many." 

Four is a transitional number. A number 
may be squared or cubed, but never 
"fourthed." We say "once," "twice," or 



"thrice"— but never "fource." In 1921, 
psychologist A. Descoeudres went so far 
as to describe what she called the un, 
deux, trois, beaucoup phenomenon: A 
preschooler's ability to determine number 
appears to break down rather abruptly, 
with numbers greater than three becoming 
simply "a lot." 

A Czech says, "Two and two are four," 
but, "Two and three is five." To Karl 
Menninger, author of Number Words and 
Number Symbols, this type of linguistic 
evidence hints that past a certain point in a 
counting sequence, numbers become 
things of their own, are no longer merely 
appendages of the things they modify. For 
Menninger, Four frequently occupies this 
transitional point. Some psychological test 
results even suggest that the brain sees 
small numbers as distinct entities— as 
threeness or fourness— in the same way it 
sees, say, cowness. 

Four is the number of nucleotide bases 
making up the genetic code, the number of 
questions Jewish youngsters ritually ask 
(and the number of cups of wine ritually 
consumed) at the Passover seder, the num- 
ber of leaves on a clover said to bring good 
luck. And, perhaps, if recent formulations 
of subatomic structure are right, the num- 
ber of "flavors," or varieties, of quark. 

The Pythagoreans regarded Four as the 
number of justice, because it was a perfect 
square, symmetrical, neatly divisible into 
equal parts. "Foursquare" means sound, 
frank, honest. 4-H Club members extol 
head, heart, hands, and health. And 
there's even something morally upright 
and solid about four-poster beds. 



In "Inventory," Dorothy Parker, that 
master of light verse, had this contribution 
to make to the literature of Four: 

Four be the things I am wiser to know: 
Idleness, sorrow, a friend, and a foe. 
Four be the things I'd be better without: 
Love, curiosity, freckles, and doubt. 

7 Seven works a spell. 
The Egyptians had Seven Spirits, 
the Hindus Seven Devas. There are 
seven deadly sins, seven champi- 
ons of Christendom. Japanese folklore 
speaks of Seven Gods of Happiness. Cab- 
alists tell of seven abodes of bliss— the last 
of these being "Seventh Heaven," the 
abode of God and the highest angels. (The 
Koran speaks of seven levels of hell.) A 
"seventh son" is said to be gifted with 
occult powers. The Revelation of St. John 
the Divine, in the New Testament, men- 
tions seven stars, seven angels, seven can- 
dlesticks, seven spirits of God, and "a 
book . . . sealed with seven seals"— from 
which Ingmar Bergman's film, 77?^ Sev- 
enth Seal, took its name. 

Nor is Seven-clustering confined to the 
realm of the spirit. There are seven liberal 
arts, seven days in the week, seven notes 
in the musical scale, seven seas. In As You 
Like It, Shakespeare surveyed "seven ages 
of man." Students of adult development 
find evidence that life-cycle stages tend to 
last about seven years— a figure resonating 
with the folklore of the "seven-year itch." 
And the "Seven Sisters" can, depending 
upon the context, refer to a rose, a cactus, 
a constellation, a select group of women's 
colleges, a set of antitrust laws enacted by 



MAY 1984 XIII 




Woodrow Wilson when he was New Jer- 
sey governor, or to seven cannon used by 
the Scots against the English at Flodden 
Field. Nineteenth-century critic John Rus- 
kin called one of his tomes The Seven 
Lamps of Architecture. Why seven? Ap- 
parently because it sounded right. In a note 
to a later edition, he confessed he'd had 
trouble "keeping my Seven Lamps from 
becoming Eight— or Nine— or even quite a 
vulgar row of foot lights." 

Something in the human mind, it seems, 
loves nothing so much as to group things 
by sevens. Indeed, in memory-span tests, 
people seem able to recall just about seven 
digits (telephone numbers, for example), 
seven letters or seven random words. The 
result is so predictable, the number so re- 
current, that psychologist George Miller 
devoted a paper to the phenomenon, "The 
Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus 
Two." "I have been persecuted by an inte- 
ger," he wrote. "For seven years this num- 
ber has followed me around, has intruded 
in my most private data, and has assaulted 
me from the pages of our most public jour- 
nals. [There is] a design behind it, some 
pattern governing its appearances." 

Why Seven's hold on the imagination? 
Why was it considered sacred by Egypt- 
ians, Assyrians, Persians, and the Vedic 
people of India, to name just a few? Some 
say it derives from worship of the seven 
ancient heavenly bodies— sun, moon, and 
the five then-known planets. Others point 
out that Seven is composed of numbers 
Three and Four, themselves considered sa- 
cred. Perhaps more telling is that Seven 
has so few ties to any of the other digits, is 



a multiple of none of them, stands alone. 

"Seven is a good handy figure in its 
way, picturesque, with a savor of the 
mythical," Thomas Mann wrote in The 
Magic Mountain. "One might say that it is 
more filling to the spirit than a dull aca- 
demic half dozen." 

Inscribed on the wall of a temple 
near Gwalior in central India ap- 
pears a zero. A particular flower 
garden was to be 270 units long; 
the 270 is recognizable even today. Re- 
corded nine centuries after Christ, that 
zero is the earliest such marking ever 
found. 

No zero figures in the original Babylo- 
nian sexagesimal system. Theirs was like 
ours in that the equivalent of 77 meant 
•seven tens plus seven units. But lacking a 
zero, 707 would be written, say, like 770; 
the context, presumably, determined 
which applied. Around 300 B.C. appeared 
a new symbol— two small slanted wedges: 
It could indicate something missing within 
a number, but couldn't distinguish be- 
tween, say, 770 and 77. 

In its early forms, the first true zero was 
closer to a dot— perhaps the source of our 
ellipsis (. . .), the symbol used to indicate 
omitted text. The zero symbol may be an 
abbreviation for the Greek word ouden, 
meaning "nothing." The word zero goes 
back to the Arabic sifr, "empty"— which 
is also the source of our "cipher," which 
can be used to mean a "nothing" of a per- 
son, a nonentity. 

The destruction wrought by a bomb is 
typically measured at various distances 



from "Ground Zero." More generally, 
Zero represents the point from which reck- 
oning begins. It can be, and often is, arbi- 
trary. Thus, Zero on the Celsius scale is 
simply the temperature at which water 
freezes; below Zero lies a whole range of 
minus values. Thermodynamics calcula- 
tions use the less arbitrary Kelvin scale, 
based on an "absolute zero" at which all 
molecular motion ceases. 

"Formal instruction is necessary for the 
development of a true understanding of 
Zero as a number," conclude Rochel 
Gelman and C.R. Gallistel in The Child's 
Understanding of Number; to the average 
child, in other words, Zero represents an 
intellectual obstacle. "The historical rec- 
ord ... makes it clear that the human mind 
is loath to include Zero with the other rep- 
resentations of numerosity," they write; it 
was not accepted as a number in Western 
culture until the Renaissance. 

And not completely, it seems, even 
then. Wrote one educated Frenchman in 
the 15th century: "Just as the rag doll 
wanted to be an eagle, the donkey a lion, 
and the monkey a queen, the cifra put on 
airs and pretended to be a digit." 

2 Computers store and manipulate 
information through a network of 
electronic "gates." Each can be ei- 
ther closed— represented by a 
Zero— or opened— by a One. Such a bi- 
nary, or base two, number system was first 
introduced to the West by the German 
mathematician Leibniz in 1703. Though 
"regarded with the greatest affection by its 
inventor ... it appears," as one account 



XIV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




I ^ ffi^W 




has it, "to have been received with entire 
indifference" by everyone else. Crude 
forms of a binary system are known 
among certain Australian and Polynesian 
tribes. In New Guinea, for example, ura- 
pun is One, okosa Two. Five is okosa 
okosa urapun, meaning two-two-one. And 
soon. 

In 772? Soul of a New Machine, Tracy 
Kidder tells how the computer whose de- 
velopment he chronicles "took its first ma- 
terial form on paper— in a fat volume of 
pages filled up with line after line of O's 
and 1 "s." Today the binary system is ubiq- 
uitous, and the symbols and 1 often 
serve as symbols for Off and On. 

Off, or On. Yes, or No. This way, or 
that. Opposites, contradictions, ambiva- 
lence—this is Two territory. 

Two's great virtue is that it ends the 
loneliness of One, as in the bonds of mar- 
riage or, more generally, the act of cou- 
pling. "Two are an army against one." 
"One's two few, three too many." "Two in 
distress make sorrow less." All these re- 
flect the happy grouping Two can be. Two 
is a back-up, a precaution against the loss 
of one. Most of the organs of the body 
occur in pairs, kidneys and lungs as well 
as hands and feet. Two is Yin and Yang, 
male and female, the number of fruitful 
cooperation: "Two heads are better than 
one." 

But there's another, troubling side to 
Two; the cooperation isn't always fruitful, 
the coupling not always happy. "Two dogs 
seldom agree over one bone," goes the old 
saw. "It takes two to make a quarrel," runs 
another. Two speaks of irreconcilable op- 



posites, of black and white, of the hostile 
lawyer's relentless insistence on a "yes or 
no answer." Indeed, Two in German is 
zwei, derived from the same root as Zwist, 
which means strife or discord. Our words 
despair, dispute, and even duel are all, dis- 
tantly and etymologically, Two-words. 

During the early medieval period, Two 
was actually regarded as evil, writes 
Christopher Butler in Number Symbolism, 
in part because it "represents divisibility, a 
breaking away from unity." Two cries out, 
it would seem, to be rid of part of itself 
and so achieve Oneness, or else for a third 
to join it. Either way, it is potentially in- 
complete or unstable. It is the Hegelian 
dialectic of Thesis and Antithesis without 
the higher Synthesis that can resolve its 
tensions and contradictions. 

Two is the number of ambivalence, of 
"two sides to every coin." It delivers a 
one-two punch, leaves one "waiting for 
the other shoe to drop," the ironic or bitter- 
sweet twist: "Two lawyers can live in a 
town where one cannot." Or, as in this 
from George Bernard Shaw, "There are 
two tragedies in life: One is not to get your 
heart's desire. The other is to get it." 

Two is a number on edge, ill at ease. Is 
it even— as in second class, Second City, 
second best— insecure? 

3 No matter that Aramis, Athos, 
Porthos, and D'Artagnan come, in 
all, to four— Dumas called his ac- 
count of their adventures The 
Three Musketeers. 

Both Seven and Three make for natural 
groupings, but whereas groups of Seven 



evoke the mystical, groups of Three seem 
satisfying and complete, suggestive of a 
beginning, middle, and end. All guten 
Dinge sind drei, say the Germans: "All 
good things are three." 

Gaul was divided into three parts. The 
blind mice of the nursery rhyme number 
three. Voltaire, in Candide, spoke of three 
great evils: boredom, vice, and need. 
Critic John Ruskin counted three things 
people need to be happy at work ("They 
must be fit for it . . . not do too much of it 
. . . have a sense of success in it.") The 
Talmud is replete with folkloric trinities, 
like the three weakening agents (fear, 
travel, sin), or the three maladies reme- 
died by the consumption of dates (a trou- 
bled mind, constipation, and hemor- 
rhoids). Platform speakers learn to leave 
their audiences with three main points. 
And writers know, or sense, the natural 
rhythm of threes, as in "a loaf of bread, a 
jug of wine, and thou." (Three also gives 
us our word "trivial." Of the original 
seven liberal arts, four were grouped to- 
gether as the quadrivium, for which the 
trivium of grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic 
was the basic, easily mastered prerequi- 
site.) 

In antiquity, pagan peoples worshipped 
triads of gods. In Babylonia, they were 
Ana, Bel, and Ea, and in Egypt, Isis, 
Osiris, and Horus. The universe was di- 
vided into heaven, earth, and the abyss, 
and the three deities each ruled one divi- 
sion. On this historical scale, the Christian 
Trinity comes late. (The term itself was 
introduced by Tertullian, about 270 A.D.) 
One scholar of number symbolism, V.F. 



MAY 1984 XV 




Hopper, sees the Trinity as an outgrowth 
of Pythagorean thought: "The presence of 
divine triads in all the Gnostic creeds was 
certainly a determining factor in the crea- 
tion of the Trinity, but the underlying Py- 
thagorean basis of contemporary philoso- 
phy necessitated the doctrine. That the 
Father and Son were one was questionable 
upon numerical as well as philosophical 
grounds. But Father, Son, and Holy Spirit 
were unquestionably One by very virtue of 
being Three." 

In the Pythagorean view, Three— not 
One or Two— was the first real number, 
because it suggested the triangle, the first 
plane figure. (Any polygon, for example, 
can be broken into triangles; such triangu- 
lation is a means of surveying and navigat- 
ing.) The Pythagorean three-phase crea- 
tion story, incidentally, shows clear ties to 
the Hegelian dialectic of Thesis, Antithe- 
sis, and Synthesis: First, a kind of undif- 
ferentiated Unity; then its separation into 
two opposing powers to create the world 
order; finally, the union of those opposites 
to generate life. 

To be sure. Three's aura of sufficiency has 
been known to get out of hand. The expres- 
sion "The Three Tailors of Tooley Street," 
for example, refers to any small body of men 
who claim to represent many— from their 
petition to Parliament that began, "We, the 
People of England . . ." 

11s One a real number? 
Euclid didn't think so. Neither 
did the Pythagoreans, although for 
them it was the divine source of all 
numbers. In the Middle Ages, One was 



described as radix universi numeri et extra 
numerum, meaning "the root of every 
number and yet itself no number." 

English distinguishes between One and 
"an" or "a." The Germans, in most of 
their dialects, do not; High German "can 
convey the numerical sense of ein ('one') 
only by inflection in speech," writes Karl 
Menninger in Number Words and Number 
Symbols. One's problem, he goes on, is 
that it "conceals within itself no plurality 
which it collects together into unity, and 
since it is in this that the essence of num- 
ber lies, [by this thinking One] is not a 
number." It took a Renaissance mathema- 
tician named Stevin to prove it was: Take 
any number from a given number and the 
latter decreases; to this rule, One was no 
exception, thus qualifying as a true num- 
ber. 

"One is the loneliest number," as the 
song lyric says. Yet One suggests, too, the 
proud, self-reliant individual— complete 
unto himself, alone against Fate, or the 
odds, or society— a romantic, robustly 
American type. The two images fuse in 
the "loneliness of command" of the ship's 
captain, or in Gary Cooper defending his 
town alone in High Noon. 

Despite the price it exacts, One remains 
highly coveted. To be Number One is 
longed for by athletic teams, corporate ex- 
ecutives, and Nobel-seeking scientists 
alike. One suggests purity, something 
even more perfectly refined than the "99 
and 44/100ths percent pure" of the old 
Ivory soap commercials. Sex, at its best, 
fuses Two into One, achieves oneness or 
union. This ultimate One is the goal, too, 



of scientists, philosophers, and other truth 
seekers: Today's physicists, for example, 
have successfully identified the four fun- 
damental forces of nature, yet strive to 
fashion a unified field theory that will suc- 
cessfully resolve those forces into a single, 
grand Force. 

One's symbolic significance goes back 
to the earliest societies. One was, to every 
early culture, the First Cause, the Creator, 
the Prime Mover. The first monotheists, 
the Jews, say in the most sacred of their 
prayers, "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our 
God, the Lord is One." For the Zuni Indi- 
ans of the American Southwest, the word 
for one was topinte, meaning "taken to 
start with." Eastern religions characteristi- 
cally deny a split among the parts of the 
universe, subsuming them all under a sin- 
gle cosmic consciousness or Universal 
Oneness. The Babylonians called their god 
of heaven Anu, "the Divine One." The 
Egyptians had the same idea, calling their 
god of heaven Ra, "the one One." 

All of which can be hard to get a handle 
on. One is a number, yet unlike other num- 
bers. It encourages paradoxes, as in Ben 
Jonson's line, "One is more than a multi- 
tude." Formulations of spiritual Oneness 
risk slipping into gibberish. The cosmic 
amorphousness of One clamors for a vol- 
ley of Woody Allen one-liners. Every- 
thing, One is just one step away from be- 
ing Nothing. 

Robert Kanigel is a Baltimore free-lancer 
who has written for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium on such topics as mentors, the 
placebo effect, and the Brooklyn Bridge. 



XVI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



GETTING INTO 
THE ACT 

The Alumni Admissions Program gives real meaning to the term 
"alumni service" — in your own back yard. 

ByWalterJ.Bank,'46EE 



UPometimes, we actually encourage 

high school students not to apply for 
admission to WPI," reports one alumni 
volunteer active in the Alumni Admissions 
Program. 

This, at a time when the number of 1 8- 
year-olds is falling fast? 

This, when the competition for the up- 
per crust of quality high-school students is 
straining the recruiting budget of every 
college? 

This, in a buyer's market for education? 

"Absolutely," says Rene Bertrand, '57 
CH, who serves as the Union (New Jer- 
sey) area chairman for the program. "We 
try to turn high-school students' inquiries 
about WPI into applications for admission. 
Naturally, we try to steer the best candi- 
dates toward WPI, but to encourage a pro- 
spective art or anthropology major, for ex- 
ample, to apply would only waste their 
energies, as well as WPI's— and my— 
time." 

Bertrand is one of some 400 alumni in 
31 areas nationwide who are active in the 
Alumni Admissions Program. The role of 
these volunteers, says Roy Seaberg, Jr., 
'56 ME, Director of Admissions, is vital 
to the college, for Seaberg 's professional 
staff numbers just five. "We count on 
alumni to provide applicants for admis- 
sion—more than 2,300 last year— and for 
the kind of personal contact and cultiva- 
tion necessary for a viable admissions pro- 
gram." 

If current demographic projections come 
true, by 1992 the number of high-school 
seniors across the country will dwindle by 




Walter J. Bank, '46 EE, heads the Alumni 
Admissions Program at WPI. 

25 percent. And the impact on the North- 
east will be even more dramatic. The 
shortfall could reach 40 percent here. For 
colleges like WPI, which historically has 
drawn 70 percent of its freshmen from 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Con- 
necticut, such a shift could be disastrous. 

Why not simply recruit more aggres- 
sively in the Sun Belt states? ask many. 
There, the shrinkage will likely be much 
less significant. Some colleges have re- 
sorted to this tactic, but research shows 
that relatively few 18-year-olds from the 
South and Southwest are opting for "Snow 
Belt" colleges, choosing to continue their 
studies in areas other than in the North- 
east. 

So, anticipating all this, and rather than 
throwing good money after bad, the Ad- 
missions Office, in conjunction with the 
Alumni Office, eight years ago initiated a 
program that brings one of WPI's most en- 
thusiastic and energetic resources— its 
alumni— into direct and ongoing contact 
with high-school students who have shown 



interest in attending WPI. For the first 
time, alumni became active in the pre-ap- 
plication phase of the year-long recruiting 
process. Before, they had interviewed 
only those secondary school students who 
had already submitted applications. 

The new arrangement brought the pro- 
gram more vitality. It also provided greater 
challenges for alumni— and higher risks 
for the college. For now, volunteers were 
on the front line of WPI's recruiting ef- 
forts, generating applicants rather than ac- 
ceptees, responding to the really tough 
questions about WPI and engineering and 
science. "So often," says Seaberg, "it's 
that initial contact, that first impression, 
that turns an 1 8-year-old either on or off to 
a particular college." 

"The risk has paid off. No question 
about it," says Kay Reynolds, Assistant 
Director of Admissions and Coordinator 
of the Program. "Here's a way," she says 
candidly, "for alumni to show their sup- 
port for WPI in ways other than financial. 
It takes a special kind of person to dedicate 
enough time to call or write to the five to 
ten high-school students we assign to each 
volunteer." 

Plus, she says, many volunteers attend 
college nights at their local high schools. 
Here volunteers spread the word about 
WPI, the Plan, housing and costs, social 
life and, just as importantly, what it's like 
to study toward and work at a career in 
technology or science. "Some students," 
says one volunteer, "are surprised that 
they needn't go all the way into Boston— 
as we used to have to do— for concerts, 
shopping and other social events. There 



MAY 1984 35 












• 



1 










are a lot of myths about Worcester that we 
try to dispel." 

According to Raymond Lambert. '79 
ME. who is chairman for the Springfield 
(MA) area. "WPI's educational program 
strikes many students and their parents as. 
well, mysterious at first." Parents, espe- 
cially, he says, are curious about student 
projects— whether there's faculty guid- 
ance, who chooses topics, and whether 
there's a core curriculum. "The literature 
we give them and the training we receive 
from WPI— and. of course, our own expe- 
riences—help us answer these inquiries." 

Typically, volunteers follow up such en- 
counters with phone calls to students who 
have shown further interest in WPI or who 
have been identified by the college or 
other sources as potential candidates for 
admission. Lambert has also visited his 
own high school, sitting down with stu- 
dents to review their applications, to ad- 
vise them on how to handle the college 
interview— which WPI recommends 
strongly for all applicants— and just to chat 
about WPI. "Anything we can do to make 
the interview more personal and informal 



is a step in the right direction." he asserts, 
and adds. "It's a good feeling when you 
know you've had a hand in charting a 
young person's future, and knowing that 
the college is benefitting, too." 

Naturally, says Paige Axtell, not all 
alumni volunteers studied under the 
Plan. As Assistant Director of Alumni 
Relations, she plays an active role in the 
program and preceded Kay Reynolds as its 
head. Axtell believes that alumni volun- 
teers are especially well served by the pro- 
gram, for their involvement gives them an 
extensive overview of what's been hap- 
pening at WPI since their times here. 

"Some of the most successful experi- 
ences for alumni." she says, "are attend- 
ing college nights, acceptance receptions 
and other events at which some of WPI's 
most credible resources — its students — 
give applicants a firsthand idea of what 
today's WPI educational program is all 
about." 

Dan Coifman. '67 ME, couldn't agree 
more. He heads the five-member Alumni 
Admissions Program in Puerto Rico, from 



which, reports Roy Seaberg, WPI is re- 
cruiting students of exceptional quality. 

At a San Juan reception for about 30 
candidates, Coifman recalls. Fernando 
Lopez de Victoria, '86 NE. told of his 
experiences at WPI "with a poise, charac- 
ter and frankness that left everyone— we 
volunteers included— with a totally new 
and positive impression of WPI. That kind 
of support from the college— plus WPI's 
computerized information system and 
Kay's newsletters— get us the information 
we want when we need it." 

Angela Ortiz, '87. a biomedical engi- 
neering major, met Coifman at one such 
reception in her native Puerto Rico. As we 
went to press, she was in the midst of the 
"Hell Week" pledging activities of Phi 
Sigma Sigma sorority. But when she met 
Coifman. she was going through hell try- 
ing to decide on a college. 

"As I recall," says Coifman, "WPI 
wasn't Angela's first choice initially." But 
his follow-up phone calls, reminding her 



36 WPI JOURNAL 



. 













r 



of WPI's application deadline and simply 
answering her questions about the college, 
had something to do with her accepting 
WPI's offer to enroll. 

When Robert Kenny, '87 MGE, of 
Basking Ridge, NJ, met Les Reynolds, 
'50 ME (Kay Reynolds's dad, by the 
way), to talk about WPI, it wasn't at a 
college night or at a hotel reception, but in 
the comfort of Les's home, a few blocks 
from Rob's house. "After I'd applied," 
Rob remembers, "Mr. Reynolds called 
and invited me over to talk WPI. The in- 
formality of this meeting— unlike inter- 
views with alumni from other schools- 
impressed me, and Mr. Reynolds was so 
enthusiastic about his alma mater." 

We know from a recent study that in- 
volving alumni in student recruitment 
has a positive impact on the quality of the 
applicant pool, the geographical distribu- 
tion of applicants and the overall aware- 
ness of WPI among applicants. 

The most significant achievements, 
however, are harder to measure. The per- 



sonal touch WPI volunteers exhibit to high 
school students and their parents seems to 
make a difference. Through their contacts 
with high school guidance counselors and 
teachers, alumni have helped to inform 
these "significant others" in the lives of 
prospective students of WPI's educational 
opportunities. Alumni also share their own 
perceptions on a profession or career and 
thus can help students in selecting a career 
path. 

These effects are most apparent in areas 
in which WPI is less known. Though she 
grew up along the upper Hudson River in 
New York, an area that is no stranger to 
quality colleges of engineering and sci- 
ence, Connie Keefe, '86 CE. knew little 
about WPI when she sent away to Worces- 
ter for a college catalog. (Her home town, 
Tillson, she explains, is "a 2-by-4 town- 
it's only on the Hess Oil maps," and is best 
known for the indigenous Rosendale ce- 
ment that went into the foundation of the 
Statue of Liberty.) 

The perceptions she gained and the per- 
sonal treatment she received as a result of 



an alumnus contacting her made her think 
twice about WPI. "This, and a two-day 
stay on campus with another WPI student 
from New York, relieved my apprehen- 
sion about the Plan." 

Alumni Admissions volunteers are al- 
ways welcome. If you'd like to become 
involved, please contact Kay Reynolds or 
Katie Rensky of the Admissions Office. 
Or if you come across a news item of a 
serious high-school student you think 
might be interested in the kind of educa- 
tion you received as an undergraduate, we 
need to hear from you. 

Just think, high-school students might 
even call you out of the blue with ques- 
tions about WPI, as one did Rene 
Bertrand. Imagine his delight when a 
squeaky-voiced ninth grader wanted to 
know about WPI's early admission accept- 
ance policy. Now that's initiative. 

Walter J. Bank, National Chairman of the 
Alumni Admissions Program, is Director 
of Marketing for DCS Corporation in 
Arlington, VA. 



MAY 1984 37 



WPI CIASS NOTES 



WPI Alumni Association 

President, Harry W. Tenney, '56 
Senior Vice President, 

Donald E. Ross, '54 
Vice President, 

Paul W. Bayliss. '60 
Secretary-Treasurer, 

Stephen J. Hebert, '66 
Past President, Peter H. Horstmann, '55 

Executive Committee 

Members-at-Large 
Henry P. Allessio, '61 
Walter J. Bank, '46 
William J. Firla, Jr., '60 
JohnM. McHugh, '56 

Fund Board 

Gerald Finkle, '57, Chair 

Allen H. Levesque, '59, Vice Chair 

Edwin B. Coghlin, Jr., '56 

Richard A. Davis, '53 

C. John Lindegren, Jr., '39 

Philip H. Puddington, '59 

George R Strom, '56 



1916 



C. LeRoy Storms, who was employed by 
Western Union Telegraph Co. for 45 years prior 
to his retirement in 1961, has been active and 
has held various offices in several organiza- 
tions, including the Sons of the American Rev- 
olution, the Masons and the Roselle Historical 
Society. He served on the Roselle Public Li- 
brary Board of Directors for 20 years. 



1918 



Walter and Mary Dennen of Worcester cele- 
brated their 60th wedding anniversary last fall 
at a reception given by their son and daughter. 
Dennen is a retired administrator of Worcester 
Vocational Schools. He is a member of the Ro- 
tary Club, a past president of the Tech Old- 
Timers Club, a retired vice president of Bay 
State Savings Bank and a former vice president 
of Higgins Armory. 

Norman Knowlton writes that he recently 
had a cataract operation. His wife, Florence, 
passed away last September. He has eleven 
great-grandchildren. 



1924 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Frank Linsley, retired from Hartford Electric 
Light, lives at Franklin Home Healthcare in 
Franklin, MA. Despite problems with cataracts 
and arthritis, Lin writes that he is "otherwise in 
pretty good shape." 



1927 



George Heckman has taken five trips to Eu- 
rope in recent years and travels annually to Cal- 
ifornia to see his family. He's done 3,000 hours 
of volunteer work at a Virginia hospital. 

Charles Moore's latest swimming record at 
Cleveland's Cudell Recreation Center pool is 
600 miles between 1971 and 1983. 



1929 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



The Wayne Berrys continue at Evergreen 
Woods Retirement Center in Spring Hill, FL. 
Wayne has served on the Resident Council and 
as editor of The Evergreen Woods News. 

Nathaniel Clapp, who is now fully retired 
due to illness, served as a consultant to Metcalf 
& Eddy through 1982. 

John Dobie and his wife spend winters in 
Arizona and summers in Massachusetts. He en- 
joys doing oil paintings in Arizona. In Massa- 
chusetts he keeps busy gardening and keeping 
up the house and grounds. He still likes taking 
bicycle rides. 

Gale Flint writes there was "a long hot sum- 
mer in Florida last year." He likes Southern 
winters better than Northern winters, however. 

In December, the J. Bernard Josephs cele- 
brated their 50th wedding anniversary at a party 
in Auburn, MA. Mrs. Joseph attended the Uni- 
versity of Maryland and is retired from the li- 
brary department of the Board of Education in 
Prince George's County, MD. Joseph, formerly 
an electronics engineer with the U.S. Army 
Materiel Command, retired after nearly 30 
years with the U.S. government. 

Dan Leamy has served as a Congressional 
delegate to the White House Conference on Ag- 
ing. A resident of Camp Hill, PA, he belongs to 
the local YMCA Retired Men's Club and serves 
on the executive board of the Pennsylvania 
Federation of YMCA Retired Persons Clubs. 
He is a member of the Commissioner's Advi- 



sory Board of the County Office of Aging. A 
member of the Telephone Pioneers of America, 
he is coordinator for telephone calling for about 
500 retired persons. 

Since he retired in 1969, Carl Robinson and 
his wife, Irene, spend the seven winter months 
in Florida and the summer on Cape Cod. They 
both enjoy good health and drive their station 
wagon to and from Florida each year. 

Stan Slater, who retired as vice president of 
Rumford Steel Industries, Providence, RI, in 
1976, still actively consults "when it doesn't 
interfere with golf." He stays fit by walking 18 
holes. 

Russ Wiley writes that he's looking forward 
to the 55th reunion. 



1930 



Sherman Dane is a tax accountant in Boston. 

Ray Lewis, who resides in Arlington, VA, 
writes that one of his most interesting activities 
is participating in the International Club of 
Washington, of which he's been a member for 
14 years. "I've gathered up some 40 men, 
about 10 of whom appear at noon for lunch at 
my 'friendship' table." The group holds wide- 
ranging discussions concerning politics, world 
affairs and foreign travel. He says something is 
always going on in the Washington area, such 
as activities on the Mall, jousting tournaments, 
sailing, bed races and national Frisbee contests. 



1931 



Bob Barrett reports that he and Norinne have 
been retired 14 years and are enjoying condo- 
minium living in Florida. They find, as New 
Englanders, that colored lights on palm trees at 
Christmas seem somewhat strange. 

Ed Bayon continues working part time with 
Tighe and Bond, Consulting Engineers. He and 
Ruth, his wife of 52 years, have nine grandchil- 
dren, the first of whom was married last June. 
Ed serves on the WPI Alumni Council. 

Ted Coe was very excited about WPI's unde- 
feated football season, but incensed that the 
team wasn't selected for the playoffs. He is 
looking forward to having Norwich and 
Middlebury on future schedules so he can es- 
tablish his "tailgate parties." He and Mary Jane 
are both well. 

Bill Dennison and his wife, Anne, moved 
from Orleans, MA, last year to a new home in 
Southborough. In June, they celebrated their 
50th wedding anniversary. 

Mary and Wally Gove recently marked their 



38 WPI JOURNAL 



50th wedding anniversary, also. Wally attends 
Tech Old-Timers meetings regularly when they 
are not on their frequent trips. 

Ralph Hodgkinson is residing at Chapin 
House, a nursing home at Kendall Commons in 
Springfield, MA. 

Carl R\ lander and Mary Louise took a Eu- 
ropean trip following the 50th class reunion. In 
'82, they returned to Europe to visit Ireland and 
Scandinavia. The trip was cut short when they 
both became ill in Ireland. Currently, they are 
well. 

In 1982, Bob Taylor and his wife, Marion, 
moved from Spencer to Sauquoit, NY. This in- 
volved moving about 200 cows, farm machin- 
ery and household effects, with the help of their 
son, Larry. They added a two-car garage, bed- 
room, bath and small office to their "new" 
four-year-old house. 

The "Red" Underbills have returned from a 
trip to Australia, where they visited their two 
new granddaughters born "Down Under" in 
1983. Red suffered a heart attack last August, 
and reports that his wood chopping has been 
restricted. 

Edward J. Bayon, Class Secretary 



1933 



The class of '33 was well represented by ten 
members and two wives at the 25th anniversary 
meeting of the Tech Old-Timers at WPI's Gor- 
don Library on Thursday, Dec. 10. Members 
came not only from the Worcester area, but also 
from six different towns outside. Among them 
were the class president, secretary, treasurer 
and Alumni Council representative. WPI Presi- 
dent Ed Cranch spoke to the group about col- 
lege plans for the future. 

A Super Bowl XVIII party held on January 
22 at the home of Barbara and Al Brownlee 
was attended by Ed Johnson, Gert and Norm 
Clark, Gale and Warren Saltmarsh and Bobbi 
and George Lyman. 

Norm Clark, long an active alumni sup- 
porter of WPI, was appointed by class president 
George Lyman to serve on the Alumni Coun- 
cil. 

Millicent Hammer, widow of our late class 
president, Harold "Tack" Hammer, is recov- 
ering satisfactorily from shoulder surgery. She 
was pleased to receive a visit at her home in 
Florida from Norm Clark, who presented her 
with pictures of our 50th reunion. She also ap- 
preciated receiving a copy of the reunion souve- 
nir booklet, which contained a dedication in 
memory of her husband. 

Ed Johnson reports that Gil Gustafson is in 
poor health and was recently admitted to the 
Brookview Health Care Facility in West Hart- 
ford, CT. His friends from '33 wish him a 
quick recovery. 

Jerry Vail recently returned from a two- 
week trip to Yugoslavia. 

Al Brownlee, Class Secretary 



1934 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Charles Bissell and his wife returned in Febru- 
ary from two months at Anna Maria, FL, dur- 



ing which time they had several visits with 
David Morely, '36. They plan a return trip 
next year. Charlie retired in 1978 and spends 
his time gardening and sailing. During the win- 
ter, the Bissells travel. 

Luther Leavitt recently received a silver 
good-citizenship medal, from the National So- 
ciety of the Sons of the American Revolution, 
and the New England Society Heritage Award. 
The first award recognized his service to the 
Society at local, state and national levels, as 
well as to his church, his alma mater and his 
city. The second recognized his efforts to pre- 
serve the New England spirit in the Western 
Reserve. Leavitt, who received the Taylor 
Award in 1974, has been involved in a variety 
of WPI alumni activities. He resides in Cleve- 
land. 

Howard Whittum, Class Secretary 



1935 



Bob Branch runs a resort in Boothbay Harbor, 
ME, which includes a hotel, tennis courts and 
sailboats. Previously, he did engineering work 
and served in the Navy. He sees Gordon 
("Speed") Swift occasionally in Northampton, 
MA, where each has a winter home. 

Ed Clinton is president of the Connecticut 
chapter of the American Gloxinia and Gesne- 
riad Society. He and his wife, Mary, grow prize 
flowers. The Clintons, who have traveled 
widely, saw the volcano Kilauea start to erupt 
on a trip to Hawaii. In 1978, Ed retired from 
Bassick Co., Bridgeport, CT, following 25 
years of service. His final assignment was 
heading the task force concerned with expand- 
ing Bassick 's computer capacity to include pro- 
duction control and costs. 

For 33 years, Sam Ehrlich was in the explo- 
sives manufacturing business (Winchester Re- 
peating Arms Co.) and came through without a 
scratch, although once a too-close lightning 
storm nearly did him in. While with WRA, he 
developed a safe, patented process for testing of 
the substances used in ammunition primer mix- 
tures. 

From 1961 until his retirement from govern- 
ment service in 1973, Ken Linell was chief of 
the Experimental Engineering Division, the 
U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engi- 
neering Laboratory (CRREL) in Hanover, NH. 
Earlier, he was chief of the New England Divi- 
sion Foundation and Materials Branch and of 
the Frost Effects Laboratory of the Corps of 
Engineers in Boston. An expert in his field, he 
has had books and articles published, some of 
which describe hazardous soil and permafrost 
surveys in the Arctic. He was a civilian em- 
ployee of the Army for 37 years. 

Cliff Martinka has built a home in Wi- 
comico Church, VA, which looks out over 
Chesapeake Bay. "We have a dock right in 
front of the house." 

Roland Nims, who is recovering from emer- 
gency surgery to correct a ruptured aortal aneu- 
rysm, says he plans to attend the 50th reunion. 

In 1981 , Samson Lincoln Price, now known 
as "Line," went into semi-retirement as vice 
president from a firm he helped to found, 
Seabury-Bottorf Associates, Winter Park, FL. 
The company was concerned with the design of 
citrus concentrate plants. Previously, he had 
been vice president of Fiske-Gay Associates in 



Orlando, consulting engineers and architects. 
After World War II, he owned Acme Electric 
Heating of Boston, before returning to consult- 
ing. Other firms with which he was associated 
were Wheeler Reflector Company, Hanson, 
MA; King-Seeley, Ann Arbor, MI; and Wal- 
tham (MA) Watch Company. Although retired. 
Line still consults on private water systems and 
wastewater disposal projects. 

Charlie Puffer and his wife, Jane, are 
pleased that their children all live within 15 
miles of their summer home in Fiskdale, MA. 
(They have a new grandson.) During the winter 
they reside in Osprey, FL. One of the big 
events of Charlie's life was making a hole-in- 
one on their Florida golf course. Before retir- 
ing, he was a valve designer for Chapman 
Valve Mfg. Co. Interested in clean-water stand- 
ards, he writes, "We obtained one of the first 
EPA grants given to preserve the water quality 
of a lake (Big Alum, MA) rather than correct it 
after the fact." 

Lionel Reed has been fully retired since 
1966. He had dealt with real estate and securi- 
ties. His chemical-engineering career ended in 
1964 when he retired as assistant vice president 
with Schwartz Bio Research Inc. 

Homer Morrison, Class Secretary 



1936 



Since Perry Clark has retired from his real- 
estate brokerage business in the Virgin Islands 
and moved to Columbia, SC, he has been in- 
volved with the Army Check Control Program. 
"The Army takes a dim view of bad checks," 
he writes. He also has been a volunteer instruc- 
tor at Fort Jackson. In addition, he is a volun- 
teer counselor for SCORE. 

Earl Curtis goes to an exercise class at the Y 
from 6:45 a.m. to 7:15 a.m. He says he also 
swims and jogs a little. His second granddaugh- 
ter was born last Sept. 3. His older granddaugh- 
ter is now 1 1 . In addition to being involved with 
the 50th Anniversary Fund, Earl has been ac- 
tive with church fund-raising. 

Last spring, the James Ethiers took a trip to 
the Holy Land with a Methodist group. The 
highlight was attending a Mass at the "beautiful 
Church of the Annunciation in Nazareth." On 
the way home, they spent a few days in Hol- 
land. In October, they took a Dalmatian tour 
starting out in Vienna, then going through Hun- 
gary into Yugoslavia. They also went to Italy 
and visited Sorrento, Rome and Capri. On Oct. 
4, they had a grandson, David, who has three 
older sisters. 

The Thomas Frarys spend their summers in 
Martha's Vineyard, MA, and Peak's Island, 
ME. They work part time, "so we keep out of 
mischief." 

After 36 years in West Springfield, MA, the 
Brewster Howards have sold their home and 
bought a condominium overlooking the ocean 
and tennis courts in Pompano Beach, FL. 
Brewster still hasn't fully retired from Ameri- 
can Saw, to which he commutes summers from 
their cottage in Brookfield. He says they like 
tennis, swimming and warm weather. 

"Ace" Howes finds that retirement is busy. 
He lives in Sharon, CT, in the foothills of the 
Berkshires, and often finds himself on the golf 
course. He enjoys his workshop and has "built 
everything from doll houses to castles and can't 



MAY 1984 39 



keep up with the demands of my grandson and 
granddaughter." 

The George Sherwins don't have time to get 
bored living in Naples, FL, winters. They live 
near two golf courses, and they play tennis, 
shuffleboard, bingo, and duplicate bridge; and 
swim and sunbathe. In the summer they head 
north to visit relatives. 

John Wyman was co-author of "An Opera- 
tional Review of Traffic Data Collection Sys- 
tems," which was published in the December 
issue of the ITE Journal. He serves as director 
of the Maine Facility Laboratory (MFAC) of 
the Maine Department of Transportation. Cur- 
rent work includes examining weigh-in-motion 
techniques, bridge deflections under various 
wind conditions and development of automated 
traffic control devices. 

After studying at WPI, Theodore Wyman 
worked for a steamship company on Nantucket. 
He took several around-the-world voyages on 
schooners, including one to the Galapagos Is- 
lands, where Charles Darwin had studied. In 
World War II, he entered the Navy and went 
through the campaigns of Tunisia, Anzio and 
Normandy. Later, he took up painting at the 
Vesper George School of Art. He also was as- 
sociated with the studio group of a Boston art- 
ist. He worked for an engineering service in 
Woburn, then for the planning department at 
Massachusetts General Hospital. Following a 
heart attack, he traveled around the world. He 
belongs to the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, the Steamship Historical Society and the 
Military Order of the World Wars. 

Harold F. Henrickson, Class Secretary 



1938 



Last year, Basil Kimball went into semi-retire- 
ment, his last post having been that of chief 
engineer at Clark University, Worcester. He 
writes, "Fortunately, our children and eight 
grandchildren are close enough to visit fre- 
quently." The Kimballs reside in Westboro. 



1939 



Reunion 



1940 



May31-June3, 1984 



Clyde Gerald continues his activities with the 
Baltimore Society of Model Engineers and the 
Baltimore Streetcar Museum. Last summer he 
flew to Winnipeg, Canada, to attend the Na- 
tional Model Railroad Association convention. 
"My 37th," he writes. He also attended several 
other regional conventions, as well as the 
Maryland Steam Historical Society annual 
show. He says he had his "Toonerville Trol- 
ley" in Thanksgiving and Christmas parades. 

Donald Stevens is marketing manager for the 
White & Bagley Co., Worcester. 



1941 



The Alex Davidsons are enjoying "relaxed" 
retirement in Red Bank, NJ. They travel around 



AWG Founder Lunches 
At the White House 



Last September 22, 50 leaders of national 
women's organizations were invited to the 
White House for luncheon to celebrate 
American Business Women's Day. Vicki 
Cowart, '75 PH, was one of them. 

"At the time, I was president of the As- 
sociation for Women Geoscientists," says 
Cowart, who is now past president of the 
AWG, which she helped found in 1980. 
As the first nationally elected president of 
the association, Cowart recognized that 
the White House invitation was an unprec- 
edented opportunity for AWG to interact 
with members of the administration, as 
well as with business leaders. 

"One of the most exciting aspects of the 
event was the opportunity I had to meet 
other leaders from women's business and 
professional organizations," she says. 

Cowart is a district geophysicist for the 
American Quasar Petroleum Company in 
Denver, CO. "I'm currently responsible 
for the geophysics of a $2.8-million wild- 
cat oil well project, which could lead to 
the discovery of 20 million barrels of oil," 
she says. Prior to joining Quasar in 1981, 
she was an exploration geophysicist for 
Impel Energy. 

Cowart, who has an MS in geophysics 
from Colorado School of Mines, has pre- 
sented a paper, "Mossbaur Spectroscopy 




President Reagan greets Vicki Cowart 

Investigation of Clinker Rocks," before 
the International Society of Exploration 
Geophysics. Active with NOW and as a 
Democratic fund-raiser, Cowart has also 
taught geology in local schools. In 1981, 
she received the AWG Denver Outstand- 
ing Leadership Award and was named an 
"Outstanding Young Woman of Amer- 
ica." 



the country visiting their family and take trips 
to Europe. Davidson spends most of his time on 
the golf course. Two years ago he retired from 
Du Pont . 



1942 



W. Robert Lotz, who just became a national 
trustee of the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 
Society of America, recently finished his term 
as chairman of the executive committee of the 
National Association of Congregational Chris- 
tian Churches. 

Robert Yaeger, former director of facilities 
systems at Bell Telephone Labs, Holmdel, NJ, 
has retired from Bell after 41 years. Currently, 
he is residing in Winter Harbor, ME. 



1943 



John Huckins is retired and residing in Cha- 
tham, MA. He had been senior project engineer 
for Chandler Corp. /Control Systems in West 
Hartford, CT. 

Behrends ("Pete") Messer, Jr., retired 
from Mobil in November following 38 years of 
service. His last post was manager of wholesale 
plant and civil engineering. Most of his career 
with Mobil was spent in engineering and proj- 



ect management activities that took him to 
many areas of the Far East, Middle East and 
Europe, as well as much of North America. 
Pete plans to keep himself occupied with golf, 
travel, woodworking and gardening. 

Earl Page has been appointed chairman of 
the board of directors of Grinnell Fire Protec- 
tion Systems Co. Inc., Providence, RI. With 
the firm since 1946, he had been president since 
1972. 



1944 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



In August, Harold Blake retired. He had been 
with the Bergen County Department of Public 
Works, Hackensack, NJ. He and his wife, 
Marge, now live in Seven Lakes, a resort-re- 
tirement community in West End "in the sand 
hills of central North Carolina." 

Earl Harris, president of Rodney Hunt Co., 
Orange, MA, has been elected to the National 
Association of Manufacturers' board of direc- 
tors. He joined the firm in 1946 and became 
vice president and a director in 1947. In 1952, 
he was named executive vice president and in 
1956, president. Currently, he is a director of 
Blue Shield of Massachusetts and Wiegand 
Evaporators and serves on the executive com- 
mittee of the Business Advisory Council, 



40 WPI JOURNAL 



School of Management for UMass, Amherst. A 
trustee for the Orange Savings Bank, he is also 
a member of the World Business Council. 



1945 



Bob Duffy holds a combination engineering 
and financial-controls post with the New Jersey 
Housing Finance Agency (NJHFA) in Mercer- 
ville. The agency finances senior-citizen and 
low-income housing. In September, Bob and 
his wife had a "two-week, five-island vacation 
in Hawaii." 

Although retired, Charles Morse, Jr., still 
does consulting work for his old firm, the 
World Bank. Recent stints have taken him to 
Kenya and Turkey. Last year he and his wife 
went to the Galapagos Islands. 



1946 



Chas. T. Main, Engineers, the Boston-based 
international engineering firm, has appointed 
Paul Gorman president. Prior to his appoint- 
ment, Paul, currently a director of the corpora- 
tion, had served as the firm's executive vice 
president, as group vice president in charge of 
engineering and design and as vice president 
and manager of the thermal-nuclear power divi- 
sion. Before joining Main in 1975, he was vice 
president and general manager of the Boston 
office of United Engineers & Constructors Inc. 
He has an MSME degree from Northeastern. 

Art Rosenguest is president of Dustvent Inc. 
He is located in Arlington Heights, IL. 



1948 



Gershon Kulin has received a U.S. Commerce 
Department bronze medal for contributions to 
the open-channel and solid-liquid flow pro- 
grams at the National Bureau of Standards 
(NBS). He is now a hydraulic-research engi- 
neer for the NBS Center for Chemical Engi- 
neering. 

Prescott Stevens resides in Geneva, Switzer- 
land. Two years ago he retired as a consultant to 
the World Health Organization. 



1949 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Fred Besselievre, retired from Rockwell Inter- 
national, now enjoys photography and identify- 
ing wildflowers. He also maintains a yard with 
182 ornamental trees and more than 100 shrubs. 
At Rockwell, he had been a safety engineer on 
the space shuttle program. 

Moe Nirenstein spent part of July and Au- 
gust working at an archeological dig at Shilo, 
Israel (location of the Ark of the Covenant after 
it was brought there by Joshua, according to the 
Bible). While in Israel, he visited Prof. Smil 
Ruhman at the Weizmann Institute of Science 
in Rehovoth. Moe writes, "Since consulting 
work on fossil- and nuclear-power plants is fall- 
ing off drastically, I'm now with the New York 



City Department of Environmental Protection 
as a 'muddy boots' engineer." 

Harvey Pastan has been elected one of three 
new vice presidents of Arthur D. Little Inc., the 
multi-national management and technology 
consulting firm in Cambridge, MA. Prior to his 
promotion, he was manager of the firm's elec- 
tronics systems section. Before joining the 
company in 1970, he was general manager and 
co-founder of Setra Systems Inc., of Acton. 
Previously, he was vice president and general 
manager of the Dynisco Division of Abex Cor- 
poration. 

John Wheeler has retired from Eastman Ko- 
dak as supervisor of the technical-safety re- 
search laboratory, a consulting and testing 
group with responsibilities for the evaluation 
and control of potential fire and explosion haz- 
ards of chemicals and chemical processes. He 
plans to move to Rochester, NH, and is looking 
forward to renewing ties in New England, be- 
coming active in WPI affairs and engaging in 
consulting activities. 



1950 



Dr. Herman Nied, a staff mechanical engineer 
in the process technology branch, GE Corpo- 
rate Research and Development Center, 
Schenectady, has been named a fellow of the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 
The fellow grade is conferred upon a member 
who has had at least ten years' active engineer- 
ing practice and who has made significant con- 
tributions to the field. Most of Dr. Nied's work 
has been devoted to analytical modeling and 
developing computer programs for nuclear-fuel 
elements, fracture mechanics, fluid mechanics, 
and thermostructural and heat transfer analyses. 

A registered professional engineer, he also 
conducts graduate and continuing engineering 
courses at Union College. Currently, he is sec- 
retary of the Hudson-Mohawk Section of the 
ASME. He belongs to ASM, the Society of 
Rheology, the American Physical Society, the 
Society of Plastics Engineers, the American 
Academy of Mechanics, the American Welding 
Society and the Society of Experimental Stress 
Analysis. 

James Sullivan has been appointed manager 
of mechanical and combustion engineering for 
the combustion division of Columbia Chase in 
Holbrook, MA. He will work primarily on the 
design and technology of equipment and proc- 
esses being used in Columbia's coal-based liq- 
uid alternate fuel program. 

Andre Tasso is director of the Communica- 
tions Center for Industrial Innovation in Mon- 
treal, Canada. 



1951 

Richard Coffey was recently named manager 
of special manufacturing projects at Monsanto 
Co., Springfield, MA. 

1953 

Walter Levine wrote "Retrofitting Your Die 
Casting Spray Equipment for Higher Productiv- 



ity with Acheson's 038 Nozzle," which ap- 
peared in the October issue of Die Casting 
Engineer. He is manager of application equip- 
ment for Acheson, which he joined in 1979. 
Formerly, he was engineering manager for Bin- 
dicatorCo. 

David Van Covern continues as president of 
Carolina Industrial Equipment, Charlotte, NC. 
Last year, his first grandchild was born. 



1954 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Gordon Walters, former president of Steiner- 
film Inc., a technical film company, described 
his experiences starting a small industry in 
Massachusetts during the November meeting of 
the Northern Berkshire Industrial Management 
Club. 

Roy Wise works as a manager at New York 
Telephone and lives in Englewood, NJ. 



1955 



Richard Quintin, materials manager for the 
Hamilton Standard Division, United Technolo- 
gies Corp., Windsor Locks, CT, recently re- 
ceived his MS in management from the 
Hartford Graduate Center. He has his MBA 
from Western New England College. In 1982- 
83 he was one of four United Technologies em- 
ployees appointed to the Corporate Fellows 
Program at the Hartford Graduate Center. 

Art Rudman writes that he is "thoroughly 
enjoying the new career" as a full-time special 
representative with Franklin Life Insurance. 
Also, he continues as head football coach for 
Madison High School. In 1982 he was elected 
Maine "Coach of the Year" after leading his 
team to an 11-0 state championship. 

The September issue of Motor magazine ran 
a profile of Bob Stempel, which stated that as 
the head of one of General Motors' five car 
divisions, "outsiders see [him] as having the 
best shot at the [GM] presidency somewhere 
down the road." Bob serves as vice president of 
GM and general manager of the Chevrolet divi- 
sion. He is a WPI trustee. 



1957 



After spending 12 years preparing tax returns, 
Donald Clark is now working toward his CPA. 
He is also planning to design a new house. 

Leon Morgan has been appointed senior vice 
president of finance and accounting with United 
Illuminating. Since 1976 he has served as exec- 
utive vice president for operations, engineering 
and customer services. 



1958 



Sanders Associates of Nashua, NH, has pro- 
moted Stanley Graveline to product line direc- 
tor for Navy programs in the electronic warfare 
division. He will be responsible for all of the 
division's Navy electronic-countermeasures 



MAY 1984 41 



products. Prior to joining Sanders in 1967. he 
worked for the government at Fort Monmouth. 
NJ. 

Raymond Johnson was recend> named sales 
manager by Killeen Machine Tool Company 
Inc.. Worcester. Previously, he was vice presi- 
dent of sales and president of the former John- 
son-Claflin Corporatiori of Marlborough. MA. 
a metal-stamping firm founded in 192" by his 
grandfather. In 1977. the firm merged with 
Nepsco Inc m, MA. where Johnson 

held the post of sales manager . Currendy . he is 
trustee of the Marlborough Public Library 
I president of the Fnends of the Marlborough 
: Public Library and a founding member and 
• member of the board of directors of the Greater 
Marlborough Svmphonv Orchestra (founded in 
1980). 
>hcrman Poultne>. - _-gerof spectromet- 
ems at Perkin-Elmer's electro-optical di- 
vision in Danbury. CT. has been named a 
Perkin-Elmer senior scientist, a position recog- 
nizing the company's most outstanding techni- 
cal talent. He is nationally recognized as an 
authority on specirometric systems and has 
been central to their development at the com- 
pam. Besides writing reviews for scientific 
publications, he has published in more than 90 
other publications and has written chapters in 
several books. Prior to joining Periun-Elmer in 
197S. he was an associate professor at Old Do- 
minion University in Norfolk. VA. and a re- 
search scientist at the University of Man. land. 
He holds a PhD from Princeton. 

Robert Wolff. Jr.. was recently elected vice 
president of Blackstone Valley Electric Co.. 
Lincoln. RI. Previously, he was the power de- 
liver} editor with Electrical World, a McGraw - 
Hill utility industry technical publication based 
in New York. From 1958 to 1978 he managed 
several key areas in engineering, construction 
and sv stem operations at Consolidated Edison 
Co. 



1959 



Reunion 



Mav31-June3. 1984 



James Allien. I senior bridge engineer for the 
Sale of California, has been named senior resi- 
dent engineer on the Golden Gate Bridge deck 
restoration in San Francisco. The two-year 
project, in which 9.000 feet of roadway will be 
replaced, will cost S52.5 million. 

Capt Robert Allen assumed command of 
the U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay during 
recent change-of -command ceremonies held at 
the base, which is located at the southern tip of 
Cuba. Commissioned an ensign upon gradua- 
tion from WPI. during his career Allen has 
served as an rtrhmgr pilot in the British Royal 
Navy, stationed in Wales, and as a senior pilot 
aboard the carrier H.MS Eagle. He also held a 
command post assigned to the office of the 
Chief of Naval Operations. 

B. H. Baker is now a self-employed consuft- 

Dick Bratt continues with the Materials Di- 
vision at Norton Co.. Worcester. Recently, he 
was given some selling responsibility to add to 
his product engineering job. He also runs Bran 
Corp.. a part-time business that makes warm- 
up baseball bats. 

Wayne Gass continues at Mount Holyoke 



College, w here he is now business manager and 
director of physical facilities He has been with 
the college for 21 years. His wife. Marilyn. 
teaches. 

Dave Miller is currendv with OHMIC Filters 
in St. Michaels. MD. 

Joel Nelson of Augusta. GA. works in a state 
mental hospital, rehabilitating alcoholics and 
drug addicts. 

"Skip" Nhchie left IBM after nearly 19 
>ears to work for Storage Technology Corpora- 
tion, where he serves as director of corporate 
quality. Currently, he is working to develop the 
first commercial laser optical storage drive. 4 
gigabytes of storage per disk. He also heads 
Nitchie .Associates. Boulder. CO. which pro- 
duces a device to control warp of corrugated 
paperboard during its manufacture. 

William PurseU. Jr.. is vice president of 
manufacturing at Cameo Inc.. which manufac- 
jbsurface-production and safety equip- 
ment for oil and gas wells. 

Dick Ronskavhz of Fort Lauderdale. FL. 
says that he and his family are looking forward 
to attending the 25th reunion. Currently, he is 
the assistant director of the Broward County 
Traffic Engineering Division. "For the past two 
years we have been working a 4-day schedule, 
with plenty of time for golf, fishing and boat- 
ing." he writes. 

Gordon Sigman is vice president of Com- 
mand and Control systems at Norden Systems. 
Norwalk. CT. a division of UTC 

Stanley Sokotoff is a partner in a 1 2-man law 
firm in Beverly Hills. CA. The firm. Blakely. 
Sokokoff. Taylor and Zafman. specializes in in- 
tellectual-property law. The Sokoloffs. who 
have three children, recently celebrated their 
21st wedding anniversary. 

Edwin Tenney serves as manager of me- 
chanical collectors for GE Environmental Ser- 
vices Inc.. Lebanon. PA. He writes. "This job 
has taken me to oil refineries around the 
world." His son. Douglas, is a sophomore at 
WPI 

Recently. Stan Wallner was promoted to 
manager of the Orlando. FL. branch of Fisher 
Scientific Co. He had been manager of the De- 
troit branch since 1977. With the exception of a 
two-year Army stint. Stan has been with Fisher 
since 1962. He has an MBA in marketing from 
Seton Hall University. The Wallners have a 
five-year-old son and twin daughters, age 3. 

With Harris Government Satellite Comm. 
Division for 14 years. William Whitehead en- 
joys running, emergency medicine and commu- 
nity theater. 

Jack Wolfe is now senior vice president of 
n Hemisphere Operations for EG&iG 
Sealol in Providence. RI. Previously, he was 
senior vice president of North American Opera- 
tions for the firm. For the past seven years 
(three as president), he has served on the board 
of directors of the Northeast Labor-Manage- 
ment Center, a nonprofit organization providing 
quality of work life consulting services to in- 
dustry and the public. 

Edward Wysocki writes. "Enjoying life on 
"--acre airport located in my backyard." 
Besides working as a project engineer for Pratt 
&. Whitney Aircraft, he operates the Wysocki 
Field in Ellington. CT. and is chairman of the 
board of Northeast Airfoto Service. Son Ed, 
Jr.. "81. is a project engineer at Hamilton 
Standard and owns and operates a helicopter 
service. Son Joseph. '83, helps with the family 



business and works as a mechanical-design en- 
gineer at UTC Research Center. Edward's son 
James owns and operates the Connecticut 
Flight Center and his daughter. Dianne. re- 
cently held an internship with James River 
Graphics. His wife. Alice, is president of his 
company . 

Fred Lurze. Class Secretary 



1960 



Dr. Robert Condrate. professor of spectros- 
copy at the New York State College of Ce- 
ramics at Alfred University, has been elected to 
membership in Britain's Royal Society of 
Chemistry. His election was pan of a reciprocal 
membership agreement between the British 
group and the A1C Condrate is a fellow of the 
latter organization. He has an international rep- 
utation as a researcher in the optical properties 
of matter. A prolific author, he has written tech- 
nical papers for more than a dozen professional 
publications. 



1962 



MARRIED: Richard DiBuono and Diana 
Dorsey of Sacramento. CA. on January 14. 
I 1984. Dick has resigned from the Corps of En- 
gineers and has founded his own company. Di- 
Buono Distributing Co. Inc.. in California. The 
firm is primarily concerned with the sales and 
distribution of an automobile anti-theft ignition 
lock called Sav-Car. It is manufactured by 
Safety Controls Inc.. of Worcester 

Andrew Terwilleger writes that his Kiwanis 
activity keeps him busy. Recently, following a 
year in office, he received the Distinguished 
Lieutenant Governor award. Now he is serving 
as chairman of support for spiritual aims in the 
Kentuckv -Tennessee District. 



1963 



Kenneth Backer has been named vice presi- 
dent of marketing at Verbex. a division of Ex- 
xon Enterprises in Bedford. MA. He is 
responsible for the sales and marketing of the 
firm's new family of Model 3000 voice data 
entry terminals. Most recently, he was manager 
of Northeast branch operations for Raytheon 
Data Sy stems. 

Having recently returned from England to 
Massachusetts. Roger Flood is now vice presi- 
dent of engineering at Badger Engineers Inc.. 
Cambridge. He had been vice president and 
general manager of the London office. 

Harry Hoy en and his family toured seven 
European countries last summer. In July, he de- 
livered an inv ited paper at the Institute of Theo- 
retical Physics in Trieste. Italy. 

Dr. Richard Kashnow has been named gen- 
eral manager of GE's quartz and chemical prod- 
ucts department. He joined GE in 1970. and he 
was named manager of the aerospace business 
group's electronics lab in 1979 and product gen- 
eral manager of the lighting business group's 
Halarc product section in 1981. He holds three 
patents and has written 30 technical papers. 

John Machonis, Jr.. was recently presented 



-: "* ::/:v? ::.-.: 



with a 15-year service award by Chemplex Co.. 
Rolling Meadows. IL. He is manager of re- 
search and development for the firm. 

Harold Wright has assumed the post of sales 
manager at Vee-Arc Corp.. Westboro. MA. He 
is responsible for company sales in the U.S. 
and Canada. Prior to joining Vee-Arc. he was 
with WER Industrial and R.T. Engineering. 



1964 



Reunion 



May 31-June 3, 1984 



Dr. Chao Chi is now group manager at MPI/ 
CDC in Santa Clara. CA. 

Alpha Industries of Woburn. MA. recently 
appointed Dr. Steven Mittleman as principal 
engineer. His responsibilities will include de- 
veloping high-frequency GaAs FET devices 
and voltage controlled oscillator circuits. Previ- 
ously, he was a technical staff member at 
Sperry Research Center. He has a PhD and an 
ScM in electrical sciences, solid state, from 
Brown. Currently, he is academic coordinator 
of microelectronics for the state-of-the-art engi- 
neering program at Northeastern. 

Gerald Tammi serves as technical assistant 
to the senior vice president at Data General. 
Westboro. MA. 



1965 



John Iannotti has been promoted to area oper- 
ating manager in the Wilkes-Barre area of the 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Company's cen- 
tral division. In his new post, he will manage 
engineering, construction and associated sup- 
port activities for the Wilkes-Barre area. He 
started his career as an industrial sales engineer 
in the Scranton marketing department. He was 
named senior engineer of distribution methods 
and tools in 1973 and acting production man- 
ager for distribution between 1980 and 1982. 

Phillip Martin, who has worked in system 
protection at Public Service of New Hampshire 
since 1965. wrote "Adequate Protection Means 
Greater Reliability." which appeared in the 
December issue of Transmission and Distribu- 
tion. He received his MSEM from Northeastern 
University in 1972. 



1966 



BORN: to Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Sacovitch 
their fifth daughter. Knstina. recently. Tony is 
plant manager at Wright Machine Corp.. Wor- 
cester. 

Richard Nelson placed 1 1 th out of about 70 
cars in the recent Great American Car Race, a 
time-speed-distance rally for pre- 1942 cars. 
The course went from Anaheim. CA. to Indian- 
apolis (2.800 miles) and took seven days to 
complete. Dick is an oil and gas producer with 
Nelson Oil and Gas. He is located in Shreves- 
port. LA. 

John Wright was recently named director of 
marketing and sales for cheese products by 
Stauffer Chemical Co. In this newly created 
post, he directs an expanded marketing, sales 
and technical support program serving cheese 




"Just another few steps and we 7/ be at the top. " 



manufacturing industries. After holding indus- 
trial and food chemical sales and marketing 
posts with Stauffer. he was marketing manager 
for food phosphates for the food ingredients di- 
vision prior to his promotion. 

Joseph Wright has been elected vice presi- 
dent of technical marketing at Jamesbury 
Corp.. Worcester. With the firm since 1967. he 
had been chief engineer for ball valves, wafer- 
sphere valves and butterfly valves. 



1967 



MARRIED: Edward Ciarpella to Jean Souza 
on August 7, 1983. She is head of the business 
department at Tiverton (RI) High School, 
where he teaches secondary mathematics. Cur- 
rently, Ciarpella is vice president of the Na- 
tional Education Association in Tiverton and a 
member of the executive committee of the NEA 
in Rhode Island. 

Roger Bartholomew gave a talk on cave ex- 
ploration (spelunking) at a recent meeting of the 
Rome (NY) Academy of Sciences. An accom- 
plished cave photographer, he is a member of 
the National Speleological Society. He has 
taught high-school and college physics and has 
explored, mapped or photographed caves from 
Texas to New York, as well as caves in British 
Columbia. 

Dr. Roger Gariepy was recentlv appointed 
manager of Air Products' process systems 
group, management information services 
(MIS). He joined Air Products in 1972 as a 
scientific systems analyst in the management 
information division. Prior to his most recent 
appointment, he was manager of engineering 
systems in MIS. 

John Hitchcock has been appointed vice 



president of Cicirello Construction Company. 
Kirtland. OH. He and his wife. Marilyn, have 
two sons: Bill. 8. and And> . 4. 

In December. Jack Rahaim. corporate man- 
ager in personnel administration for Digital 
Equipment Corporation, led a seminar on "De- 
veloping an Automated Personnel System" at 
Mount Wachusett Community College in 
Gardner. MA. An experienced seminar leader. 
he holds an MBA from the University of New 
Haven. Prior to joining DEC. he worked in the 
building automation field. He is on the adjunct 
faculties of WPI and Mount Wachusen Com- 
munity College. His article. "Who's in Control 
Here." appeared in the January issue of Compu- 
temorid. 



1968 



MARRIED: William Nordstrom to Paula 
Swenson in Leverett. MA. on January 14. 
1984. Paula, a therapist for the Franklin County 
Mental Health Association, has a master's de- 
gree from UMass. Bill is technical manager of 
pumps for the Kontro Co. in Orange. MA. 

Dr. Roger Pryor, a technical advisor in cor- 
porate scientific research, is one of five em- 
ployes appointed a senior member of the 
technical staff at Pitney Bowes. He joined the 
company in 1976 as a senior physicist and pwy 
ect manager and has also served as a manager 
of physical sciences. FormerU he was affiliated 
with Bell Telephone Labs. Whippanv. NJ. He 
holds a doctorate and a master's degree in phys- 
ics from Pennsylvania State University He is i 
visiting professor of physics in the graduate 
school at the University of Connecticut, a se- 
nior member of the IEEE and chairman of sev- 
eral professional committees. 



MAY 19S4 43 




Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



MARRIED: Alexander Malcolm and Jane 
Lindsay in Coventry, RI. on October 8, 1983. 
Jane graduated from the Newport Hospital 
School of Nursing. 

Charles Forand has been named a district 
manager in Information Systems Organization 
(ISO) services for New England Telephone in 
Boston. In his new post, he works with testing 
apparatus used by computer programmers, in- 
troduction of new software products and sup- 
port of data centers. He joined the firm in 1972 
and has worked for the Framingham long-dis- 
tance switching center and Bell Labs in NJ. 

Andy Perreault, who has been a nuclear en- 
gineer at GE's Knolls Atomic Laboratory, 
Schenectady, NY, for 12 years, was recently 
the senior physicist for the reactor start-up team 
for the The USS Salt Lake City, one of the Na- 
vy's most advanced nuclear powered attack 
submarines. The Perreaults have two children 
and enjoy cross-country skiing, bridge and mu- 
sic. "We all play the piano." 

Stephen Spakowsky, product development 
engineer for Eastman Kodak Co., recently re- 
ceived an Emmy award from the National 
Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for 
his contributions to the development of East- 
man color high-speed negative film 5293. 



A.B. Chance Company has named Ron 
Stelmak international marketing director. He 
transferred to Centralia, MO, after having 
served as an account representative in the New 
York area. Before joining Chance in 1972, he 
was with Westinghouse. 

Peter Walsh is with Engineering Directions, 
Melville, NY. 

William Willand is assistant chief engineer 
for Arute Brothers Inc., New Britain, CT. 



1970 



Alan Breitman has been named an associate in 
the Boston office of William M. Mercer Inc., 
the employee benefits and compensation con- 
sulting firm. He joined the firm in 1979 as a 
consulting actuary after four years as an assis- 
tant actuary with Boston Mutual Life Insurance 
Co. Previously he was an actuarial assistant 
with State Mutual. 

John Demase was recently promoted to sen- 
ior customer support representative at Pratt & 
Whitney's government products division. West 
Palm Beach, FL. He deals with P&W's foreign 
customers on post-production activities. He 
holds an MSME from RPI. 

William Hillner, who is located in King- 
wood, TX, continues as operations superin- 
tendent at Exxon. He has three daughters. 

Dr. Jerry Johnson has been named a recipi- 



He Plumbs the Mysteries 
Of the Human Brain 

Having trouble getting a good night's 
sleep? If the answer is yes, Dr. Joseph 
Bronzino, '59 EE, may soon have the so- 
lution to your problem. 

Bronzino, who is chairman of the 
Department of Engineering at Trinity 
College, Hartford, CT, is principal inves- 
tigator for a National Science Foundation- 
funded project titled "Neuronal Mecha- 
nisms Involved in Sleep-Waking 
Oscillation." 

In applying engineering techniques to 
medical study, Bronzino has also contrib- 
uted greatly to investigations on the effects 
of protein malnutrition in the developing 
brain and to studies of pain modification 
through neural manipulation. 

Although his specialty is research, 
Bronzino enjoys teaching. Foreseeing that 
many industries will be revolutionized by 
the computer within the next decade, he 
says that a liberal arts education, such as 
Trinity offers, must be well tempered with 
science and technology. 

"We have already crossed the threshold 
into a new technological era," he says. 
"With computers we can manipulate and 
analyze information much faster than the 
human brain. Computers offer the poten- 
tial to be extensions of the human brain, 
just as the automobile is an aid in locomo- 
tion and sensory aids assist in perception." 



ill ItM • »».. <■ 



IU m-m fc> *- 





Dr. Joseph Bronzino 

Since 1977, Bronzino has been the 
Vernon Roosa Professor of Applied Sci- 
ence, an endowed chair at Trinity. He is 
also chairman of the biomedical engineer- 
ing program at Hartford Graduate Center 
and an active participant in brain research 
studies at the Worcester Foundation for 
Experimental Biology. 

Bronzino has an MSEE from the U.S. 
Naval Postgraduate School and a PhD 
from WPI. His second book, Computer 
Applications for Patient Care (Addison 
Wesley), was published in 1982. 



ent of Cyanamid's prestigious 1983 Scientific 
Achievement Award. At recent award ceremo- 
nies in New York City, he was one of 15 em- 
ployees from the firm's research facilities 
around the world honored by the company pres- 
ident. A research chemist with Cyanamid's ag- 
ricultural research division in Princeton, NJ, 
Johnson was cited for his discovery of a. new 
herbicide being developed for weed control in 
soybeans. 

Edward Mason now holds the post of direc- 
tor of Cummins Diesel International in Brazil. 
He and his wife. Norma, have two children. 



1971 



Leonard Andreozzi is a senior member of the 
technical staff at Ball Aerospace Systems Divi- 
sion in Boulder, CO. 

Benjamin Katcoff, corporate benefits man- 
ager for Polaroid, has been selected as a Pew 
Health Policy Fellow for 1983-85. The fellows 
program is sponsored jointly by Boston Univer- 
sity's Center for Industry and Health Care and 
Brandeis University's Heller Graduate School 
and provides advanced training in health policy 
to individuals from both the corporate and pub- 
lic sectors. Katcoff is a member of the Health 
Care Task Force of the Massachusetts Business 
Round Table and a member of the Policy De- 
velopment Committee of the Greater Boston 
Health Planning Council. 

Currently, Jeffrey Lassey is supervisor of 
plant engineering at the Wyman Gordon plant 
in Grafton, MA, where he had been facilities 
engineer. Jeffrey and his wife, Lynne, have two 
children, Stephanie, 5, and Jeffrey, 2. 

John Petrillo is now vice president of sales 
for AT&T Communications in Los Angeles. 
He is in charge of national accounts on the West 
Coast. The Petrillos have two sons, Michael, 5, 
and Matthew, 2. 

Dan Smith has been appointed manager of 
Morgan Isley Systems in the furnace equipment 
department of Morgan Construction Company. 
He is responsible for Morgan secondary regen- 
erator systems, reversing valves and ejector 
stacks. With the department since 1979, he had 
been a sales engineer at Rodney Hunt Company 
in the industrial roll division and at Riley 
Stoker, where he helped design fuel burning 
equipment for fossil fuel utility boilers. 



1972 



Dr. Raymond Fish, a regional trauma center 
physician at Burnham Hospital, Champaign, 
IL, has been certified as a diplomate of the 
American Board of Emergency Medicine. He 
holds a medical degree from the Pritzner School 
of Medicine at the University of Chicago and a 
PhD in biomedical engineering from WPI and 
Clark University. 

Adrien Gaudreau is chief of the Configura- 
tion Management Branch for the USAF at 
Camp Smith, HI. 

Jim Hall was recently named regional mar- 
keting director in Europe for Norton Com- 
pany's new organization, established to meet 
Construction Products' worldwide marketing 
program. His responsibilities include the 
United Kingdom, Benelux, Scandinavia, the 



44 WPI JOURNAL 



Middle East and Africa, in addition to giving 
guidance to marketing operations in Spain. 
Prior to his appointment, Jim had been in 
Gainesville, GA, where he had served as mar- 
keting director in North America for Norton. 
Jim, his wife, Renee, and daughters Leslie, 5, 
and Ashley, 2, reside in Luxembourg. 

Stephen Wilkinson is packaging manager 
for Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Westboro, 
MA. 



1973 



Stephen Johnson has joined the seacoast divi- 
sion of Public Service of New Hampshire 
(PSNH) as division electrical engineer. He 
joined PSNH in 1973 as a cadet engineer in the 
distribution department. 

Peter Martin is a senior engineer for Mobil 
Oil Corp. in Pennington, NJ. 

Robert Starnes is the group leader for bio- 
chemistry at Novo Laboratories in Wilton, CT. 
He has a PhD from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Tim Whitehouse serves as a sales production 
engineer for American Concrete Pipe in Mil- 
waukee, WI. 

Francis Yanuskiewicz was recently ap- 
pointed an associate by the consulting engineer- 
ing firm of Weston & Sampson Engineers Inc., 
Wakefield, MA. He holds the Value Engineer- 
ing Certificate from the EPA and the Society of 
American Value Engineers, and he belongs to 
the New England Water Pollution Control As- 
sociation. A registered professional engineer in 
Maine and Massachusetts, he has been involved 
in a number of wastewater and drainage de- 
signs, including work for the MDC in Boston. 



1974 



Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



MARRIED: James Sgroi to Cheri Roberge in 
York Harbor, ME. Cheri, a sales coordinator in 
customer relations for Prime Computer, Natick, 
MA, graduated from Keene (NH) State Col- 
lege. Jim is with Patti Brothers Inc., Sudbury, 
MA. 

William Byron, director of clinical opera- 
tions for Eastern Maine Medical Center, has 
been accepted as a member of the American 
College of Hospital Administrators. He joined 
the center in 1978 and has an MBA from Bos- 
ton University. 

Michael Martowska holds a new post as 
senior packaging development engineer with 
Purdue Frederick Company in Norwalk, CT. 

Jerry Masi is president of Eric Bruckner & 
Company, a real-estate investment firm in 
Santa Barbara, CA. He enjoys camping, travel, 
boating, fishing and skiing. He says that his 
family is a speedboat, a lovebird named Chico 
and a swordfish named Cutup. 

Will McBride is now an electrical-project 
engineer for Price/Ciri in Anchorage, AK. He 
recently set up an electrical-construction de- 
partment for a $60-million job at the North 
Slope (Prudhoe Bay, AK) for SOHIO. He man- 
ages estimators, material coordinators, field en- 
gineers, drafters, document control and quality 
control. Previously with ARCO, he is a regis- 



tered professional engineer in Alaska and con- 
sults under the name of Northern Energy R&D. 

Russell Naber, who received his MBA in 
marketing from Xavier University last year, has 
been promoted to section head in food product 
development at Procter & Gamble, with re- 
sponsibility for Duncan Hines products. 

Tony Tomasiello, an attorney associated 
with the law firm of Healy & Rocheleau, PC, 
Worcester, currently resides in Holden, MA. 
His wife, Janet, a self-employed graphic de- 
signer, received a BA and a BFA from Emma- 
nuel College. 

Jim Rubino, Class Secretary 



1975 



MARRIED: Wayne DuPont and Gail Fyrberg 
in Southborough, MA, on October 15, 1983. 
She graduated from Algonquin Regional High 
School and is a production control planner at 
Prime Computer in Framingham. He is an engi- 
neering manager at Digital Equipment Corp., 
Acton, MA. . . . Edward Karedes to Sheila 
Roake recently in South Boston, MA. She at- 
tended UMass in Boston and currently attends 
Southern Connecticut State College. He works 
for Sikorsky Aircraft, Stratford, CT. . . . Greg- 
ory Miranda and Kim Houde on July 23, 
1983, in South Hadley, MA. Kim graduated 
from Mount Holyoke and holds a master's de- 
gree from Yale. She is a clinical research assis- 
tant in the department of anesthesia at UMass 
Medical School. Gregory is a chemist for 
Biomeasure Inc., Hopkinton, MA. 

BORN: to Alice and Ed Griffin a daughter, 
Sheena, on December 30, 1983. 

Fred Greulich is manager of production for 
Frito Lay in Binghamton, NY. 

Robert Miller of Shrewsbury, MA, is now 
the owner-manager of a ComputerLand store. 
He received his MBA from RPI. Formerly, he 
was a senior quality engineer for DEC. 

Capt. Doug Sargent has been assigned as 
chief of programs and engineering at Thule Air 
Base in Greenland. He is evaluating contractor 
performance on an $80-million operations and 
maintenance contract, as well as reviewing 
plans and coordinating construction of several 
projects to be built in the harsh arctic environ- 
ment. 



1976 



MARRIED: Richard Dew III to Linda Rader 
in Framingham, MA, on September 10, 1983. 
Linda attended Virginia Intermont College and 
is employed as a cancer registrar at Milton Hos- 
pital. Richard, who attended both WPI and 
Mass. College of Pharmacy, is a dispatcher for 
Boston Cab Co. . . . Peter Golrick and Jeanne 
Surette recently in Clinton, MA. She graduated 
from Northeastern, has a master's degree from 
Lesley College and is a special-needs teacher 
at Shrewsbury High School. Peter is a supervi- 
sor in data processing for Coca-Cola in 
Needham. . . . Gregory Kedderis to Lorrene 
Buckley in New Fairfield, CT, on November 
26, 1983. Lorrene graduated from the State 
University College at Geneseo, NY, and from 
the University of Arizona at Tucson. Gregory 
has a PhD in biochemistry from Northwestern 



University Medical School in Chicago. She is a 
senior research associate and he is a postdoc- 
toral fellow at the Chemical Industry Institute 
of Toxicology, Research Triangle Park, 
NC. . . . Eduardas Meilus, Jr., and Terese 
Gaidelis in Chicago on September 24, 1983. A 
graphic artist and photographer, Terese gradu- 
ated from the College of Saint Mary in Omaha. 
He holds an MBA from WPI and is a quality 
control engineer for Raytheon in Northboro, 
MA. . . . Thomas Vaughn and Cynthia Al- 
mond in Ridgefield, CT, on June 18, 1983. She 
graduated from Northeastern and was a CPA 
with Chas. T. Main and with Deloitte Haskins 
and Sells, both in Boston. He is a sales engineer 
with Albany International. 

James Buss has been promoted to director of 
individual-product development at State Mutual 
in Worcester. In 1982 he earned the designation 
of fellow of the Society of Actuaries. 

Al Cooley continues with the Codex subsid- 
iary of Motorola in Canton, MA, where he was 
recently promoted to manager of product mar- 
keting. He is responsible for identifying and 
implementing products and programs that will 
increase Codex's share in the low end of the 
data transmission market. He writes, "I'm also 
about halfway through a master's degree in 
computer engineering at Boston University." 

"B. J." Johnson, a group underwriting con- 
sultant for northeastern group operations of 
Prudential Insurance Co., Parsippany, NJ, cur- 
rently resides in Morris Plains. 

Donald Mick was recently appointed direc- 
tor of software systems engineering at Sanders 
Associates in Nashua, NH. With the firm since 
1967, he has held several managerial positions. 
He has a BSEE from the University of Michi- 
gan, a master's degree in computer science 
from WPI, an MBA from Rivier College and a 
law degree from the University of Santa Clara. 

Nancy Sauberman, a student at St. George's 
University Medical School in Grenada, was 
safely escorted from the island during the evac- 
uation last fall. 



1977 



MARRIED: Andrew Clancy to Marianne 
Sergott recently in Chestnut Hill, MA. Mari- 
anne graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania School of Dental Hygiene and holds a 
degree from the University of Pittsburgh School 
of Allied Health Professions. Andrew is em- 
ployed by Western Electric Marketing 
Organization. . . . George Robinson and Har- 
riet Lewis in North Auburn, ME, on September 
3, 1983. A member of the Maine legislature, 
she graduated from Wellesley and has her PhD 
in Greek archaeology from the University of 
Minnesota. George is president of Robinson 
Manufacturing Company in Oxford. 

Richard Garstka has been promoted to se- 
nior systems consultant within the systems or- 
ganization at State Mutual Life Assurance 
Company. He joined the firm as a senior sys- 
tems analyst in 1980. 

Jeff Tingle continues as a graduate student in 
the department of geological sciences at Brown 
University in Providence, RI. 

Last September, Robert Ware received his 
ScD in chemical engineering from MIT. Cur- 
rently, he is with Mobil Research & Develop- 
ment Corporation in Paulsboro, NJ. 



MAY 1984 45 




1978 



MARRIED: Paul Angelico to Donna LaCroix 
on September 24, 1983, in Worcester. She grad- 
uated from Wheaton College, Norton, MA, and 
is in the personnel administration department of 
Computervision Corp. in Bedford. Paul is engi- 
neering manager of Procter & Gamble in 
Quincy, MA. . . . Dean Arvidson, Jr., and 
Cathleen Linehan, '80, on October 15, 1983, 
in Milton, MA. Cathleen is with DEC and Dean 
with Norton Co. He has his MBA from Boston 
College School of Management. . . . Andrew 
Corman to Judith Pack on November 26, 1 983 , 
in Wheeling, WV. Judith, who is a personal-line 
analyst with Aetna Life and Casualty Co. , grad- 
uated from Marshall University. Andrew works 
for Turner Construction Co., Columbus, 
OH. . . . Mark Freitas to Anne Marie Nadeau 
on October 22, 1983, in Norton, MA. She grad- 
uated from Potsdam State College. Both she and 
Mark are employed by Codex Corporation, 
Mansfield, MA. 

MARRIED: Martin Grossman and Doreen 
Greenstein on October 30, 1983, in Andover, 
MA. Doreen graduated from Quinnipiac Col- 
lege and is a clinical leader of occupational 
therapy at Lenox Hill Nursing and Rehab Care 
Facility in Lynn. Martin is a computer software 



engineer at Raytheon in Bedford. . . . Charles 
Marden, Jr., and Annette Monty on October 
15, 1983, in Barre, VT. Annette graduated 
from Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital 
School of Nursing in Hanover, NH, and is with 
the Tufts New England Medical Center in Bos- 
ton. Charles is a lieutenant in the U.S. 
Navy. . . . Brian McLane and Kathleen Walsh 
on September 24, 1983, in Maiden, MA. A 
customer service secretary for Mohawk Data 
Sciences in Woburn, she graduated from 
Maiden High School. He is an analog design 
engineer at Lexidata Corp., Billerica. . . . 
Louis Pelletier, Jr., and Paula Aubuchon in 
Fitchburg, MA. Paula holds a BS in education 
from Fitchburg State College and is employed 
in personnel at Digital Equipment Corp., West- 
minster. Louis is vice president of V Pelletier 
& Sons, Fitchburg. 

BORN: to Pierre Fleurant and Cathy Ker- 
ley Fleurant, '79, their first child, William Jo- 
seph, on September 9, 1983. In October, Pierre 
started a new job as senior design engineer for 
Clinical Data Inc., Boston. The company de- 
signs, manufactures and markets medical elec- 
tronic products and provides computer-assisted 
services to the cardiovascular and pediatric 
markets. 

Andrea Curtis serves as product marketing 
manager at Data General Corp., Westboro, 



MA. Last year, she received her MBA from 
Boston College. 

Elizabeth Donahue holds the post of director 
of drug and alcohol services for Health Indus- 
tries of America, North Augusta, SC. 

Theodore Erickson is superintendent of Gil- 
bert & Bennett Mfg. Co., located in George- 
town, CT. 

John Moulton serves as a senior manufactur- 
ing engineer at Robert Bosch Corp. , Charleston 
Heights, SC. Recently he was on temporary 
assignment in West Germany. 

Louis Piazza teaches in Milford, MA. 

Sandra Hoyle Renda is a senior engineer for 
DEC in Littleton, MA. 



1979 



Reunion 



September 22, 1984 



MARRIED: Stephen Kapurch to Kim Mac- 
Donald in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, on Sep- 
tember 10, 1983. Kim graduated from G.E. 
Perdue School in Oakville, Canada, and was a 
secretary for the Canadian Armed Forces at 
Lockheed in Burbank, CA. Stephen is project 
manager at the Pacific Missile Test Center in 
Point Mugu. . . . Michael Poirier and Laura 



46 WPI JOURNAL 



Mattick, '78, on October 8, 1983, in Newark, 
DE. . . . Robert Schifiliti to Christine Wen- 
ninger on November 5. 1983, in Pittsburgh. 
She holds nursing degrees from Syracuse Uni- 
versity and Boston University and is a clinical 
nurse specialist for Baystate Medical Center, 
Springfield, MA. A systems consultant for 
Massachusetts Fire Alarms of New England in 
Lowell, MA. Schifiliti is also a candidate for a 
master's degree in fire protection engineering at 
WPI. 

C. Steve Anderson has been appointed chief 
engineer of ball valves at Jamesbury Corp., 
Worcester. For the past ten years, he has been 
involved in ball valve research, design and de- 
velopment at Jamesbury. 

Dr. James Armitage holds the post of senior 
engineer forGTE's strategic systems division in 
Westboro, MA. 

Gerard DeRome is section manager at Bur- 
roughs Corp., Danbury, CT. 

John Gordeuk, who is with Link Electron- 
ics, Houston, TX, is a physicist for the space 
shuttle mission simulation. 

Kathleen Lies Hallren is currently an asso- 
ciate attorney with Hieronymus Hodgden & 
Meyer, Woodward, OK. She received her JD 
degree from the University of Oklahoma in 
1982. 

Dorothy Hamilton is a lecturer in chemistry 
at Smith College, Northampton, MA. 

Larry Marino has been promoted to district 
staff manager for support of general business 
market sales operations for the Northeast region 
of AT&T Communications. He is located in 
Manhattan. 

James Sloss works as project manager at In- 
ternational Technologies, Martinez, CA. 

Jeffrey Stickles continues as operations 
manager at Visual Technology in Lowell, MA. 

David West is a supervisor of track for NJ 
Transit Rail Operations Inc., Hoboken. 

Karen Wright serves as a senior software 
engineer at System Analysis Corp., Wellesley, 
MA. 



1980 



MARRIED: Joseph Mayall and Catherine 
Kavanaugh in South Dartmouth, MA. A regis- 
tered nurse at Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, 
Catherine graduated from Boston College. Jo- 
seph is with Babcock and Wilcox Engineering 
Co. . . . Thomas McBride and Lynda Shea 
recently in Shrewsbury, MA. She graduated 
from Becker and is a manager of Weathervane 
in Auburn Mall. He works for Stone & Webster 
in Boston. . . . Stephen Rehn to Joy Beauvil- 
lier on October 15, 1983, in Watertown, CT. 
Joy graduated from UConn and attended Rad- 
cliffe Graduate Seminars. She is a shortage ana- 
lyst for Filene's in Boston. Stephen is a 
products manager for Panametrics, Waltham, 
MA. He also is a lecturer for Northeastern Uni- 
versity's state-of-the-art engineering program. 

MARRIED: Richard Stephens and 
Deborah Peters in Excelsior, PA, on September 
3, 1983. Deborah holds a BS in clothing textiles 
and design from the University of Wis- 
consin. . . . Charles Sullivan III and Colleen 
Bohan in New York City in December. Col- 
leen, a graduate of Regis College, Weston, 
MA, works for Mutual Benefit Financial Ser- 
vices in Providence, RI. Charles is with Fleet 



Financial Group's corporate training program, 
also in Providence. 

BORN: to John and Judy Gemma-Sjostedt 
their second child, Jennifer Marie, on October 
10, 1983. Brother Peter is now nearly 2. Jenni- 
fer's grandfather is Rowland Gemma, '79 
SIM, chief estimator at Morgan Construction 
Co. Her aunt is Jackie Gemma, '83, a CADS/ 
CAM engineer for General Dynamics. Her fa- 
ther, John, is still employed with Du Pont and 
was recently promoted to laboratory supervisor 
of the Washington Works Research Facilities, 
Parkersburg, WV. 

Jay Bellingham is a results engineer for Po- 
tomac Electric Power Co., Washington, DC. 

Currently, Richard and Kathy Grider Cole- 
man are residing in California, where he is with 
the Janus Combat Simulation Project in Liver- 
more. Recently, he helped in a project presenta- 
tion to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Previously he 
was with the administrative data processing 
group at Lawrence Livermore Labs. Kathy, 
who had been with GE Nuclear, is now working 
for Applied Information Memories in Milpitas, 
CA. She is involved with the next generation of 
computer disks and drives. 

Tom Daniels holds the post of assistant engi- 
neer at Duke Power Company, Charlotte, NC. 
He is working in the probabilistic risk assess- 
ment unit, reactor safety group, nuclear engi- 
neering services. 

Timothy D'Arcy holds the post of territory 
manager for Parker Hannifin in Cleveland, 
OH. 

Margaret Davis is chairman of the mathe- 
matics department at Concord/Carlisle Re- 
gional High School in Concord, MA. 

Allan Fish is New England district manager 
forBalston Inc., Lexington, MA. 

Cathryn Ricci Giunta has been promoted to 
senior packaging engineer at Digital Equipment 
Corporation, Hudson, MA. 

Carl Hammer writes: "My work at the 
church is shaping up a bit. Am learning to cut 
corners to make my work more productive." 

Richard Hennessy is a quality engineer at 
Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co., North Kingstown, 
RI. 

David Hoercher, who has his MS in electric 
power engineering from RPI, is with the Stand- 
ard Oil Co., Cleveland, OH. 

Brian Huntley spoke on energy issues before 
the North Smithfield (RI) Kiwanis Club in No- 
vember. He is associate planning engineer with 
Eastern Utilities Association (EUA) Service 
Corporation, the parent company of Blackstone 
Valley Electric Co. He joined the firm in 1982. 

William Jones is a teacher and chairman of 
the mathematics department at Springfield 
(MA) Technical High School. 

Lisa Krauss, a WPI class agent, writes that 
she is still working as a staff engineer in prod- 
uct development for Procter & Gamble. She 
enjoys swimming, weight lifting, softball and 
"good times in general in Cincinnati." 

Michael J. Lombardi has begun his first 
year of study in the evening division at New 
England School of Law in Boston. He is certi- 
fied in nuclear-power plant design by Bechtel 
Power Corporation. 

Robert Mochi works for Black & Veaton 
Engineers/Architects in Bethesda, MD. 

Patricia Monterio, a market analyst for 
Fluor Corporation. Irvine, CA, is also studying 
for her MBA at Pepperdine. 

John Moriarty and two other Du Pont em- 



ployees recently finished in sixth place in the 
Budweiser Light U.S. Triathlon Series in Aus- 
tin, TX. He competed in the 15-kilometer run. 
John is employed at Du Pont's chemicals and 
pigments plant outside of Houston, TX. 

Tom Nowak is currently a major with the 
U.S. Army in Europe. 

Alfred Poon is a software engineer at Digital 
Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA. 

Thomas Snead is an assistant chemist at 
Ciba Geigy Corp., Ardsley, NY. 

Paula Mesite Szkutak is employed as a se- 
nior engineer at GTE in Research Triangle 
Park, NC. 



1981 



MARRIED: Patricia Ficociello and Stephen 
Gorgol in East Brookfield, MA, on October 15, 
1983. Patricia is with Corning Medical in East 
Walpole, MA. Gorgol graduated from Plym- 
outh (NH) State College and is employed by 
Memtech Corp., Salem, NH. . . . Robert Gar- 
della, Jr., and Sandra Hammond in Worcester 
on September 3, 1983. Previously a student at 
Worcester State College, Sandra is currently 
studying at the University of Southern Maine in 
Gorham. Bob is an actuary at Union Mutual, 
Portland. . . . Elizabeth Morrison and David 
A I lard in Moosup, CT, on December 30, 1983. 
She is with Electric Boat. He attended Plain- 
field schools and is a self-employed carpenter. 

MARRIED: William Morse and Anne 
Marie Furey in Vernon, CT, on October 15, 
1983. She graduated from the University of 
Hartford and he serves as a civil engineer for 
Ebasco. . . . Brian Stoffers and Cathy Martell 
in North Billerica, MA, on October 8, 1983. 
Cathy graduated from Burdett Business School 
and is with Computervision, Burlington, MA. 
Brian, who has both a BSEE and an MSEE 
from WPI, works for Honeywell in Bil- 
lerica. . . . Stephen Zalewski and Kathleen 
Brennan in Holyoke, MA, on November 19, 
1983. She graduated from George Washington 
University Law School and is a contract admin- 
istrator for Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., 
Cambridge, MA. He serves as a software engi- 
neer for DEC in Nashua, NH. 

George Awiszus is a design engineer with 
GE in Fitchburg, MA. He is also studying for 
his MS at WPI. 

Arthur Beaubien continues as an electronics 
design engineer at Frequency & Time Systems 
in Beverly, MA. 

Cynthia Canistro is a material controller at 
Sanders in Nashua, NH. 

John Coffey works as a design engineer for 
Data Precision/Analogic in Danvers, MA. 

David Jacobs is a radiological physicist for 
the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland 
AFB, NM. 

Clifton Jones works for Whitman and 
Howard Inc., Wellesley, MA. 

1st Lt. Mark Malenbaum is with the U.S. 
Air Force space division in El Segundo, CA. 

Lory Molesky serves as a systems program- 
mer for New York State in Stony Brook. 

Eduardo Navarro is an MBA student at 
Amos Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth 
College. 

John Payne is employed as a systems engi- 
neer at Automatix in Billerica, MA. 

Stanley Siver is now a Naval officer in Na- 



MAY 1984 47 




Molinari with products in hand 

His Data Translation 
Keeps on Growing 

Ten years ago Data Translation Inc. was a 
shaky, start-up company located above a 
deli in downtown Framingham, MA. To- 
day it's situated in a 30,000-square-foot 
building in Marlboro, employs 125 and 
holds the largest share of the market for a 
specialized computer board peripheral. 

"For three years in a row we've made 
Inc. magazine's list of the 500 fastest- 
growing privately held companies in 
America," reports Fred Molinari, '63 EE, 
president and a founder of the company. 
"This puts us in kind of a special place," 
he adds. "But as you get a little bigger, it's 
harder to keep up the pace." 

Data Translation manufactures a periph- 
eral device that allows computers to under- 
stand signals from sensors, such as 
thermocouples, pressure transducers and 
accelerometers. One of the benefits of the 
device is that it gives computers the facil- 
ity to measure and control machines man- 



aging in industrial environments. 

The firm has shown extraordinary 
growth. Sales were $1.4 million in 1978, 
$8.1 million in 1982 and $10.5 million in 
1983. Advances in computer technology 
coupled with customer demand for more 
sophisticated use of their machines have 
spurred sales. 

Fred, formerly a vice president and mar- 
keting manager at Analog Devices, says of 
success in general, "You have to have a 
product that has a growing market. You 
have to find something that you enjoy do- 
ing, as well." 

And, he contends, "You can never 
know or study enough. I'd like to be going 
to school now. There's so much to learn." 
He holds an MSEE from Northeastern and 
an MBA from Harvard. 

In his spare time, Fred enjoys tennis, 
golf, squash and skiing. He and his wife, 
Maureen, have four children: John, a se- 
nior at Middlebury College; Deborah, a 
junior at Assumption; Kristin, a sopho- 
more at St. Marks School, Southboro; and 
Liza, 3, at home. 



val aviation intelligence serving on the USS 
John F. Kennedy, an aircraft carrier in the East- 
em Mediterranean. 

Jeff Trask has been working on a hazardous- 
waste refinery permit while on a temporary as- 
signment at the Chevron U.S.A. refinery in 
Pascagoula, MS. 



1982 



MARRIED: Joseph Amarello to Susan 
Keegan on November 26, 1983, in Cranston, 
RI. He is an ensign in the U.S. Navy stationed 
at New London. CT. . . . Christopher Lord 

and Julia Odlin in Tacoma, WA. Julia gradu- 



ated from Centenary College in New Jersey. 
Christopher is an electrical engineer. 

MARRIED: William McGrath to Cheryl 
Steele in Worcester on November 5, 1983. She 
graduated from Boston University and is em- 
ployed by Reed Plastics Corp. in Holden. He is 
with the Connecticut Department of Transpor- 
tation in Hartford. . . . Alfred Sawtelle and 
Nancy Bibeault on October 29, 1983. in Black- 
stone. MA. Nancy graduated from St. Vincent 
Hospital School of Nursing. . . . Timothy 
Stone to Elaine Young on October 29, 1983, 
in Hudson. NH. Elaine graduated from 
Becker. . . . Richard Wurm and Katherine 
Coghlan, '81, on September 3. 1983, in New- 
ton, MA. Richard is with New England Tele- 
phone in Brockton. 



Richard Bame is an administrative assistant 
for Toyota Motor Distributors Inc., Engle- 
wood. CO. 

Frank Bilotta works as new product project 
manager at Data General. Southboro, MA. 

Andrew Buttress works for Hughes Aircraft 
Co. in Fullerton. CA. 

Lewis Capobianco, who has his MBA from 
WPI. is project manager for the Barletta Co. 
Inc.. Roslindale. MA. 

Pat Doody is with Boston Edison in Brain- 
tree, MA. 

Cynthia Gagnon is now a member of the 
technical staff at Bell Labs in Lincroft, NJ. 

Lynn Gustafson is employed as a manufac- 
turing process quality engineer for the GE Mili- 
tary Systems Electronics Operations in 
Syracuse, NY. 

Charles Kincaid is a civil engineer for the 
Nevada Department of Transportation in Car- 
son City. 

Mike Kirschner is employed as a quality and 
reliability engineer at Intel Corporation, Santa 
Clara. CA. 

Eric Krichbaum, formerly a project engi- 
neer for Westinghouse in Beaver, PA, has been 
transfered to Ashville. NC. 

Mark Lepkowski works for the optics group 
at Gentex Corp., Dudley, MA. 

Mary Elizabeth Martin is employed as a 
scientific programmer/analyst at Pratt & Whit- 
ney Aircraft, East Hartford, CT. 

Paul Moruzzi is a mechanical design engi- 
neer for DEC in Maynard, MA. 

Lawrence Moss works for Sperry Electronic 
Systems. Great Neck, NY. 

Man Ann O'Connor, formerly with Sof- 
tech, is now at Prime Computer in 
Framingham, MA. 

Sandra Paille is an associate mechanical en- 
gineer at Killmorgen Corp., Northampton, 
MA. 

David Peternell serves as an associate pro- 
grammer at IBM in Endicott, NY. 

Ronald Pettit works for Bell Labs in Piscata- 
way. NJ. Last year he received his MS in com- 
puter science from the University of Wisconsin. 

Albert Reinhart holds the post of president 
at Ventec Management Group, Boylston, MA. 

John Sansoucy is a product engineer for De- 
sign Components Inc., Franklin, MA. 

Alfred Santos, an electrical engineer with the 
Torrington Company in Connecticut, and his 
wife, Susan Mae, live in Canton Center. 

Prof. Helen Vassal In. of W Pi's management 
and biology and biotechnology department, 
spoke before the Worcester branch of the Bos- 
ton University Alumnae Association and the 
Pennsylvania chapters of the American Busi- 
ness Women's Association last October. In De- 
cember, she was elected a new corporator of 
People's Bank, Worcester. 

Brian Walker is with UTC in Springfield, 
MA. 

David Webb is employed as an engineer II at 
Digital Equipment Corp., Marlboro, MA. 

Loraine Webster is at Clark University. 

Terry Wheeler continues with the Peace 
Corps in Honduras. 



1983 



MARRIED: Thomas Barrett and Colleen 
Walsh in Wobum, MA. She graduated from 



48 WPI JOURNAL 



Stoneham High School and is a secretary at the 
University of Hartford. He is with Pratt & 
Whitney Aircraft in Hartford. . . . Paul Cot- 
noir and Mary Bousquet in Putnam, CT, on 
July 9, 1983. She graduated from Becker and is 
a legal secretary. Currently, Paul is a graduate 
student at WPI. . . . James Cull it on, Jr., and 
Kathleen Farrell in Dalton, MA, on November 
5. 1983. Kathleen graduated from Lasell Junior 
College and teaches at the Early Childhood De- 
velopment Center in Pittsfield. Jim works for 
Allegrone Construction Co. 

MARRIED: Peter Fontana, Jr., and Janet 
Sheehan in South Weymouth. MA. Janet grad- 
uated from Fitchburg State College and is a 
registered nurse at Brigham and Women's Hos- 
pital. Peter serves as a software engineer at 
Computervision Corporation. . . . Paul 
Granger and Stephanie Linek on September 
18, 1983, in Worcester. A teacher at Nipmuc 
Regional High School. Mendon, MA, Stepha- 
nie graduated from Anna Maria College. Paul 
is an ensign with the U.S. Naval Reserve and is 
stationed at Saratoga Springs, NY. . . . Rom 
Juozokas and Sally Czarnecki in Pomfret, CT, 
on December 3, 1983. She graduated from 
Eastern Connecticut State University in Willi- 
mantic. He graduated from Assumption, has a 
master's degree in computer science from WPI 
and works as a software analyst with Sanders 
Associates in Nashua, NH. . . . Laura Zar- 
rella and James Dion on October 1, 1983. in 
Fitchburg, MA. Laura is an electrical engineer 
with Polaroid Corp. Jim graduated from Sylva- 
nia Technical School and is a field engineer at 
Plessey Peripheral Systems. 

John Baczewski is an associate engineer at 
Westinghouse Electric in Baltimore, MD. 

Stephen Benner has accepted a post as man- 
ufacturing engineer with Texas Instruments, 
Attleboro, MA. 

Carla Blakslee is a systems design engineer 
with Hamilton Standard in Windsor Locks, CT. 

Andy Crosby is now employed by Nano- 
metrics Inc., Sunnyvale, CA. 

Nancy Fortier is a teaching assistant at Iowa 
State University in Ames. 

Raymond Haarstick serves as an account 
executive with American Bell-Advanced Infor- 
mation Systems in Lexington, MA. 

Linda Hall is a software engineer at Coulter 
Biomedical Research Corp., Concord, MA. 

Susan Godbout Hersey is currently an engi- 
neer-in-training at EUA Service Corp., Lin- 
coln, RI. 

2nd Lt. Timothy Horan has completed an 
ammunition officer course at the U.S. Army 
Missile and Munitions Center and School, Red- 
stone Arsenal, AL. 

Jane Jaillet is a civil-engineering assistant 
with the County of Los Angeles (CA) Road 
Department. She resides in Manhattan Beach. 

Michael Jasminski writes. "I am designing 
highways for the county of Los Angeles." He 
lives in Seal Beach, CA. 

Leonard LaPadula works for Texas Instru- 
ments in Lewisville, TX. 

Wayne Lawson has accepted a post as struc- 
tural engineer at Lev Zetlin Associates, Boston. 

David Lind is a design engineer at Teradyne 
in Boston. 

Timothy Morse has accepted the post of en- 
gineer with the process engineering group 
of the technical department at Westvaco's 
bleached-board division in Covington, VA. He 
joined the company last June as technical assis- 



tant in the technical department. Briefly, he 
worked on assignments for power maintenance, 
then returned to the technical department. 

Joseph Phetan works for GE Ordnance Sys- 
tems in Pittsfield, MA. 

Robert Plante is now with the Southern Cal- 
ifornia Gas Company in Los Angeles. 

David Rainone works as a field designer at 
Stone & Webster, Waterford. CT. 

Robert Reinfurt is an industrial engineer at 
Simonds Cutting Tools in Fitchburg, MA. 

John Salvadore works for Eaton Corpora- 
tion. He is located in New Britain. CT. 

Richard Seaver is employed as a manufac- 
turing engineer at NEC Information Systems in 
Woburn. MA. 

Ruth Sespaniak is a member of the technical 
staff at the Mitre Corp., Bedford, MA. 

Paul Sydney serves as a second lieutenant 
and physicist for the US Air Force. Kirtland 
AFB. NM. 

Michael Thys is a hardware instructor for 
Wang Laboratories Inc., Lowell, MA. 

Richard Tolles is a computer engineer with 
MicroWare in Kingston. MA. 

Michael Treglia is with the General Dy- 
namics' Electric Boat Division in Groton, CT. 

Charles Woodman works for GE in Louis- 
ville. KY. 



School of 

Industrial Management 

In October, Peter Morgan, '55, vice president 
of Morgan Construction Co., Worcester, re- 
ceived the 15th annual Bardwell H. Flower 
Award for his contributions on behalf of emo- 
tionally disturbed children. He was a member 
of the sesquicentennial committee of Worcester 
State Hospital, which celebrated its 150th anni- 
versary last year. He is a former board member 
of the Child Guidance Association and is a di- 
rector of the Worcester YMCA, the Worcester 
County Music Association and the Worcester 
County Mechanics Association. . . . Guy Nich- 
ols, '56, chairman, president and chief execu- 
tive officer of the New England Electric 
System, has been appointed chairman of the 
1984 U.S. Savings Bonds campaign for the 
public-utilities industry by U.S. Treasury Sec- 



retary Donald Regan. . . . Bill Lechman, '64, 

has been named president of the Fairfield Man- 
ufacturing Company Inc., a Rexnord company 
located in Lafayette, IN. Previously, he was 
director of manufacturing in chain operations 
for Rexnord's mechanical power division in 
Milwaukee. He joined Rexnord in 1956 at the 
firm's Worcester plant, then moved to 
Springfield, MA, as plant manager of the 
roller-chain operation. 

Irvin Havens, '66, is now manager of prod- 
uct development at Bay State Abrasives in 
Westboro, MA. With the firm since 1957, he 
has served as manager of inorganic-product de- 
velopment and bonded abrasives since 1965. 
He will continue his responsibility for inor- 
ganic-product development. He is a registered 
professional engineer and a graduate of Alfred 
University, and he holds an MS in ceramic en- 
gineering from Clemson. 

Roy Moffa, '77, program manager for Digi- 
tal Equipment Corporation's 32-bit Micro's 
VAX computers, is joining Pixel Computer 
Inc., Wilmington, MA, as president and chief 
executive officer. From 1978 to 1980 he was 
manager of Digital's central engineering small 
systems group. He joined the firm in 1969 to 
help develop the original PDP-11 computer. 
His new firm. Pixel, manufactures and markets 
a family of super-mini-computer systems. 



Natural Science Program 

Frank Matarese, '60, has been appointed 
superintendent of schools in Stoneham, MA. Prior 
to his promotion, he had been assistant 
superintendent for a number of years. In 1950 he 
received his BA in social studies with a minor in 
education from UMass, as well as a master's 
degree in education from Tufts. After four years as 
a teacher-coach at Buriington Junior- Senior High 
School, he joined the Stoneham school system, 
where for 28 years he has been a teacher, coach 
and administrator. . . . Kenneth Barrows, '64, 
who has been chairperson for the science 
department at Gateway Regional High School, 
Huntington, MA, since the school opened in 
1963, also teaches summer school at Smith 
College in Northampton. He graduated from 
UMass. 



COMPLETED CAREERS 



Edward Wright, '06, a retired sanitary engi- 
neer for the Massachusetts Department of Pub- 
lic Health, died November 25, 1983, in Nor- 
wood, MA. 

He was born on Feb. 18, 1884, in Worcester 
and later studied civil engineering at WPI. Af- 
ter retiring in 1954 with 47 years' service with 
the Department of Public Health, he received a 
citation from former governor Christian Herter. 

Mr. Wright was a town meeting member for 
48 years in Dedham, MA, where he also had 
served as chairman of the town drainage and 
water committees. He was active with the local 
Episcopal Church. He belonged to SAE and the 
ASE, and he was a fellow of the American 



Public Health Association. Formerly, he was 
chairman of the state reclamation board. In 
World War I he served as a captain in the U.S. 
Army. 

Edward J. Tucker, '12, a former hospital ad- 
ministrator, died in Worcester City Hospital on 
October 2, 1983, at the age of 93. He graduated 
from WPI as a civil engineer. 

Early in his career, he was in charge of con- 
struction and administration of the water-purifi- 
cation plant at the Panama Canal. Later, he was 
a plumbing and heating contractor in New Ha- 
ven, CT, and a consulting engineer in Mon- 
treal. Quebec. Canada. From 1924 to 1956. he 



MAY 1984 49 



was supervising engineer for Worcester City 
Hospital and from 1956 to 1958. he was assis- 
tant superintendent at the former Belmont Hos- 
pital. Following his retirement, he was a self- 
emploved design engineer. Faim 1917 to 1920. 
he was a major with the U S. Army, attached to 
the Surgeon General's Office. 

He had belonged to the ASME. the ASCE 
and the New England Water Works Associa- 
tion. He was a registered professional engineer 
and a member of the Tech Old-Timers. 

F. Holman Waring, '12, a retired chief engi- 
neer for the Ohio State Department of Health, 
died recently. A native of Saratoga Springs. 
NY, he was born on October 5. 1890. 

After receiving his BSCE from WPI. he 
joined Metcalf & "Eddy. From 1916 to 1961. he 
was with the Ohio State Department of Health. 
He had served as assistant engineer with the 
City of Cincinnati's consulting engineers and as 
operating engineer and chemist for the U.S. 
government at water-purification plants in the 
Panama Canal Zone. For many years, he was 
secretary of the Ohio River Vallev Water Sani- 
tation Commission. 

Mr. Waring, who belonged to PGD and 
Sigma Xi. served as best man at Chet Inman's. 
'14. wedding. He was a life member of the 
ASCE. the National Society of Professional 
Engineers, the American Water Works Associ- 
ation, the Water Pollution Control Federation 
and the American Public Health Association. A 
registered civil engineer and surveyor in Ohio, 
he was also active with the Camp Fire Girls 
Council and the Masons. In 1968. he received 
the Goddard Award from WPI. 

C. Eric Waldo, '14, of Plainville. CT. died on 
December 15. 1983. following a brief illness. 
He was 91 and a native of Windsor Locks. CT. 
After studying civil engineering at WPI. he 
enlisted in the 26th Yankee Division in World 
War I and received the Purple Heart in the bat- 
tle at Chateau-Thierry. France. He had been 
associated with New Departure Mfg. Co. and 
Wallace Barnes Co.. both of Bristol. CT. He 
was secretary-treasurer of Plainville Lumber & 
Coal Co. from 1924 until 1972. In addition to 
being active with the Boy Scouts. Mr. Waldo 
had been president of the local Community 
Chest and a director of the former Plainville 
Trust Co. He belonged to ATO. the Masons 
and the American Legion. 

Thomas A. Coyne, '15, former superintendent 
of public works for the City of Marlboro. MA, 
passed away in Worcester on October 15. 1983. 
at the age of 90. 

Mr. Coyne, who was born in Marlboro, grad- 
uated from Little Rock College, AR. and had a 
master's degree from Manhattanv ille College in 
New York. Until his retirement in 1963. he was 
general superintendent for the Carlo Bianchi 
Construction Co. Inc. for 27 years. 

He had served as superintendent of public 
works in Marlboro and Framingham. A Marine 
veteran of World War I. he received the Purple 
Heart for service in France. 

Robert E. Lamb, '16, died recently at his 
home in Deerfield Beach, FL. He was born in 
Worcester on September 30. 1893. and held a 
BSEE and a professional engineering degree 
from WPI 
During his career, he was with Norton Co., 



John Bath & Co. and Metal Cutting Tool Insti- 
tute. From 1940 to 1959, he was president of 
his own firm. Republic Gage Co.. Detroit. In 
1960. he retired to Florida. 

Mr. Lamb belonged to Sigma Xi. the Masons 
(Past Master), the American Legion (com- 
mander) and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. 
He was a former vice president of the Detroit 
chapter of the WPI Alumni Association and 
Council representative. A member of the 
ASME. he also was an emeritus member of the 
U.S. Department of Commerce. Business and 
Defense Services Administration. 

Albert E. Luke, '16, formerly with Harrington 
& Richardson. Worcester, died in Gardner. 
MA, on December 23. 1983. He was born in 
Putnam. CT. on March 17. 1894. 

After graduating with his BSME. he was 
briefly with Reed Prentice. Bethlehem Ship- 
building Corp.. Scovell-Wellington and Geo. 
A. Vaughan & Co. From 1924 to 1954. he was 
associated with several affiliates of Sears Roe- 
buck, including the former Florence Stove Co.. 
which he served as an executive. From 1955 to 
1962. he was executive vice president and di- 
rector of Harrington & Richardson. 

Mr. Luke, a member of Phi Sigma Kappa. 
wa> a 50-year member of the Masons and had 
belonged to the Controllers' Institute and the 
advisory board of the Westminster Industrial 
Development Commission. 

Richard M. Daniels, '17, of South Yarmouth. 
MA. a retired instrument specialist with the 
WPI electrical engineering department, passed 
away on December 20. 1983. 

He was born in Swampscott. MA. on Dec. 4, 
1894. At WPI, he was concerned with electri- 
cal instrument maintenance and calibration. 
During World War II. he was a radio and elec- 
tronics instructor. He belonged to ATO. In his 
spare time, he was an avid ham radio operator. 

Leland A. Gardner, '17, of Summit. NJ, died 
on November 4, 1983. A native of Rutland. 
VT. he was bom on Oct. 13. 1894. 

After graduating as an electrical engineer, he 
joined the Navy and saw service on the USS 
Pennsylvania and the USS Wisconsin. Later he 
worked for AT&T, and then became chief engi- 
neer of the E.A. Laboratories in Brooklyn, 
manufacturers of automotive equipment. For a 
time he headed his own neon-sign business in 
Irvington, NJ. For many years, he was with the 
Bell Telephone Labs in New York City. He had 
several patents on wire printers and stock-quo- 
tation boards. 

He was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa and a 
past president of the New York chapter of the 
Alumni Association. 

Hartley C. Humphrey, '17, an electrical engi- 
neer who participated in the development of 
sound tracks for films during the infancy of the 
"talking" motion picture industry, died Decem- 
ber 21, 1983. in Hanover. PA. He was 87 and a 
native of Brooklyn. NY. 

As a boy, he had one of the first Marconi 
radio sets in New England. In World War I, he 
was a radioman in the U.S. Navy. 

During his career, he worked for Western 
Union Telegraph Co.. AT&T. Bell Telephone 
Labs, Warner Bros.-Vitaphone Corp.. Electri- 
cal Research Products Inc.. and Westinghouse 
Electric. International (Radio Communications 



& Broadcasting Dept.). He helped pioneer the 
first >ound recording for a "talking" movie 
with Hie Jazz Singer in 1927. In addition, he 
worked with movie moguls Sam Goldwyn. 
Louis B. Mayer and Howard Hughes, and re- 
corded famous artists for the Metropolitan Op- 
era of New York. 

A consultant to the English and German mo- 
tion picture industries, he traveled extensively 
in Europe, as well as in Central and South 
America. During World War II. he helped de- 
velop the first high-speed tinplating process for 
Bethlehem Steel, helped refine automatic tank 
turret guns at Edgewood Arsenal and did X-ray 
work for Westinghouse. 

He belonged to the IRE and the Society of 
Motion Picture Engineers. He was a member of 
the Masons and of the Society of the Cincin- 
nati, which is comprised of direct descendants 
of officers on George Washington's staff. 

Walker Armington III, '21, a Worcester na- 
tive, died November 28. 1983. in Ridgewood. 
NJ. at the age of 84. 

He studied mechanical engineering at WPI 
and received a bachelor's degree in economics 
from the Wharton School of the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1923. Before retiring in 1965. 
he worked 16 years at Dennison Mfg. Co. in 
Framingham and 25 years at Union Camp 
Corp., New York City 

Active with the Boy Scouts of America, he 
became president of his local BSA council and 
in 1960 received the Silver Beaver Award. He 
was an elder of the Presbyterian Church, a 
member of the Masons and president of Hobby- 
ists Unlimited in Ridgewood. 

Harold S. Black, '21, who was named to the 
National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1981 for 
discovering one of the most important concepts 
in the field of electronics and long-distance 
communications, died December 11. 1983. in 
Summit. NJ. A scientist and engineer with 
AT&T Bell Laboratories until his retirement in 
1963. Dr. Black was 85. 

On August 6. 1927. while traveling by Lack- 
awanna ferry to his New York City laboratory. 
Dr. Black conceived the theory of "negative 
feedback"— the long-sought solution to prob- 
lems of distortion in the amplification of com- 
munication signals. He used a page of the New- 
York Times to sketch a negative feedback cir- 
cuit. 

In negative feedback, part of the communica- 
tion signal coming from an amplifier is fed back 
and compared with the original signal so that 
distortions can be pre-corrected and largely 
eliminated. The feedback theory fostered devel- 
opment of automatic control systems and the 
basic principle came to be regarded as one of 
the cornerstones of modem engineering. The 
principle found application in high-fidelity 
sound reproduction and in such diverse fields as 
biomechanics, digital computers and artificial 
limbs for the disabled. The initial patent 
awarded to Dr. Black was one of 347 patents he 
was granted. 

"Harold Black's invention was one of the 
great engineering accomplishments of all time." 
said William H. Doherty. a retired director of 
research at AT&T Bell Laboratories. 

Dr. Black was bom in Leominster, MA, on 
April 14. 1898. In addition to his BSEE. he 
received an honorary doctorate in engineering 
in 1955 and the Goddard Award in 1981 from 



50 WPI JOURNAL 



WPI. He belonged to Sigma Xi and Tau Beta 
Pi. 

He joined the Western Electric Engineering 
Department in 1921. In 1925, at Bell Labs, he 
was in charge of a group that was developing 
repeaters and other circuits for carrier telephone 
systems. He retired as head of Special Commu- 
nications Research. 

During World War II, he designed pulse code 
modulation systems, which today are used 
widely by the military and by private and public 
communications companies. 

Among his many awards are the National As- 
sociation of Manufacturers' "A Modern Pio- 
neer" award; the Lamme Gold Medal from the 
AIEE; the John H. Potts Memorial Award from 
the Audio Engineering Society; and the John 
Price Wetherill Medal from the Franklin Insti- 
tute. He authored two books, 22 encyclopedia 
articles and numerous scientific papers. 

Charles N. Clarkson, '22, a retired Pacific 
Gas & Electric Co. (PG&E) supervisor, died in 
Stockton, CA, on January 2, 1984. He was 84 
and a native of Cambridge, MA. 

With PG&E from 1923 until his retirement in 
1964, he graduated as an electrical engineer 
from WPI. He was a World War I Army vet- 
eran. 

Mr. Clarkson, a member of the Masons for 
59 years (Past Master, Knight York Cross of 
Honor), was active with SIRS (Sons in Retire- 
ment). He was a past president of the state of 
California High Twelve Clubs. He belonged to 
the California Society of Professional Engi- 
neers. 

Wayne E. Keith, '22, a WPI trustee emeritus, 
died in Brockton, MA, on February 15, 1984, 
at the age of 83. He was born in Boston and 
received his BSEE from WPI. 

Mr. Keith worked for the Bell System for 40 
years in engineering, administration and per- 
sonnel. He started his career as a student engi- 
neer with Bell in Pennsylvania, then served in 
engineering positions for New England Tele- 
phone in Boston from 1923 to 1955. For nine 
years, until his retirement in 1964, he was gen- 
eral employment and training supervisor for the 
Boston-based company. 

He was the permanent president of the Class 
of '22, a former vice president of the WPI 
alumni association and past president of the 
Boston alumni chapter. From 1955 to 1978, he 
was a member of the WPI Board of Trustees. 
He was the first alumnus to serve as chairman 
of the board, doing so from 1963 to 1968. 

While Mr. Keith was chairman of the board 
of trustees, five major campus buildings were 
completed: Daniels Hall, Goddard Hall, 
George C. Gordon Library, the administrative 
center at Alden Research Laboratory and Har- 
rington Auditorium. It was during his tenure 
that WPI began moving toward changes in the 
academic program which led to the develop- 
ment of the WPI Plan. 

In recognition of his many contributions to 
WPI, the college awarded him an honorary de- 
gree of doctor of engineering in 1966. In 1972, 
the Alumni Association presented him with the 
Herbert F. Taylor Award. WPI's ROTC ap- 
pointed him to the honorary rank of cadet colo- 
nel in 1964. 

In 1983, the Keith Lecture Hall in Atwater 
Kent was dedicated in his honor. The last para- 
graph on the dedication plaque reads: "Wayne 



Keith wore the mantle of responsibility with 
grace, dignity and humility. He led by soft- 
spoken persuasion and by example. He has al- 
ways been, above all else, a gentleman." 

Mr. Keith belonged to Phi Gamma Delta and 
Skull, as well as the ASEE, the Eastern College 
Personnel Officers Association, the IEEE, the 
Newcomen Society of North America, the 
Thorny Lea Golf Club and Beverly Yacht Club. 
He had been active with the Boston Community 
Fund and Red Cross fund-raising drives. A Ma- 
son, he had also been past president of the 
Cambridge Kiwanis Club, the '76 Club of Bos- 
ton and the Personnel Managers Club of Bos- 
ton. He was active with local and state councils 
oftheYMCA. 

A trustee emeritus of Brockton Hospital and 
People's Savings Bank, he was also a founder 
of the Brockton Historical Society, a director of 
the Republican Club of Massachusetts and a 
member of the Congregational Church of 
Brockton. During World War II, he was assis- 
tant director of the New England District of 
Training Within Industry. 

James A. Whelpley, '23, of Cincinnati, OH, 
died recently. He was born on November 15, 
1900, in New Brunswick, Canada, and re- 
ceived his BSME from WPI. 

Early in his career, he worked for Public 
Service Electric & Gas Co. of New Jersey. 
From 1929 until his retirement, he was with 
Cincinnati Gas & Electric Co., serving as su- 
perintendent of distribution, then as assistant 
manager of gas operations and as manager of 
gas operations. 

He belonged to the American Gas Associa- 
tion, the Cincinnati Engineering Society, Poly 
Club, Lambda Chi Alpha, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma 
Xi and Skull. He was a past master of his local 
Masonic Lodge and a Scottish Rite trustee. 

Luther B. Martin, '25, of Westfield, NJ. a 
retired manager of staff engineering for Esso 
Research and Engineering Company, died on 
December 20, 1983, at the age of 79. He was a 
native of Chaplin, CT. 

In 1925, he graduated as a civil engineer 
from WPI. and joined Esso, from which he 
retired in 1961. During World War II, he was 
project manager on the construction of critical 
butyl plant projects and the alcohol projects at 
Baton Rouge. He was the project manager for 
Esso refineries in England, South Africa, India, 
Norway, Italy, France and Germany. During 
his last four years with the firm, he was respon- 
sible for the coordination of all major capital 
projects handled by Esso Engineering. 

Mr. Martin was a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, the Echo Lake Country Club. SAE. 
Tau Beta Pi. Sigma Xi and the Poly Club. He 
was a past president of the Northern New Jer- 
sey chapter of the Alumni Association. 

George L. Esper, '27, a former public works 
engineer, died July 23, 1983, at St. Vincent 
Hospital in Worcester. The Worcester native 
was 78. 

In 1974, he retired from the Massachusetts 
Department of Public Works, following 44 
years of service. Originally with the Metropoli- 
tan District Commission, in 1930 he joined the 
state Department of Public Works in construc- 
tion of the Boston-Worcester turnpike and the 
Southwest cutoff. After the flood of 1936, he 
designed bridges. In 1948, he was promoted to 



senior supervising engineer. 

He belonged to the Massachusetts Society of 
Land Surveyors, the state Society of Profes- 
sional Engineers and the Syrian-Lebanese- 
American Association of Worcester. He was a 
co-founder of Our Lady of Perpetual Help 
Church. 

J. Kendall Fullerton, '29, retired sales man- 
ager for Simonds Saw and Steel Co., Fitch- 
burg, MA, died at his home in Evanston, IL, on 
October 10, 1983, at the age of 75. He was 
born in Willimantic, CT, and received his 
BSEE from WPI. 

He retired in 1971 after 42 years with Si- 
monds. During his career, he had held posts in 
engineering and sales engineering, covering 
territories from Louisiana and Mississippi to the 
Midwest. He was sales manager in Chicago. In 
1965, he was promoted to sales manager of 
Simonds 's largest branch office in Union, NJ. 
For the past eight years, he had been a "Right 
to Read" tutor in the Glenview, IL, public 
schools. He belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

Frederick J. McGowan, '29, a founder of the 
American Historical Print Collectors Society, 
died in Connecticut on December 9, 1983. A 
graduate electrical engineer and former profes- 
sional engineer, he was bom on December 2, 
1907. in Springfield, MA. 

During his career, he was an assistant engi- 
neer for New York Telephone, an assistant 
chief inspector for Anaconda Wire & Cable, 
the owner of McGowan Associates and a senior 
test equipment designer for Pratt & Whitney 
Aircraft (P&WA). While with P&WA, he de- 
signed exotic rigs for the testing of advanced jet 
aircraft engines. He took early retirement in 
1970, devoting much time to his hobby of col- 
lecting antique prints, and restoring damaged 
prints, including rare Currier & Ives varieties. 

He belonged to Phi Gamma Delta, the ASME 
and the IEEE, and he had been a director of the 
Madison Historical Society and of the Dorothy 
Whitfield Historical Society. He was a former 
president of the New York chapter of the WPI 
Alumni Association, as well as a member of the 
Alumni Council. 

Herbert W. Davis, '30, died at his home in 
Boynton Beach, FL, on October 29, 1983, at 
the age of 76. He was bom in Holyoke, MA. 

After graduating as a mechanical engineer 
from WPI, he was involved with the tractor 
business for 50 years. He had been associated 
with the H.F. Davis Tractor Co., Shaw Trans- 
mission Co., Berkshire Tractor Co. and Cleve- 
land Tractor Co. (the Oliver Corp.). In 1952, 
he became a partner and owner of the Triumph 
Machine Company, Hackettstown, NJ. Later, 
he was vice president of research for Brunt 
Equipment Co., from which he was retired. 

Mr. Davis belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa, the 
ASME and the Masons. He had been a member 
of the Hackettstown Board of Adjustment, trea- 
surer of the local Lions Club and a board mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church. He was a past 
president of the Industrial Equipment Manufac- 
turers Council, a national trade association. At 
the time of his death, he was writing an autobi- 
ography of his years in the tractor business. 

Everett M. ("Casey") Jones, '32, of Ard- 
more, PA, a partner in Jones & Malloy, died on 
October 26, 1983. He was bom on June 14, 



MAY 1984 51 



1908. in Philadelphia. 

After studying at WPI and Lehigh, he joined 
Simplex Valve & Meter Co.. where he ad- 
vanced to executive vice president. While with 
Rockwell International in Pittsburgh, he rose to 
vice president. Later he formed his own con- 
sulting firm and was a consultant to Pennwalt 
Corporation in Philadelphia. 

An authoritx on water problems, Mr. Jones 
was a past president and a director of the Water 
and Wastewater Equipment Manufacturers As- 
sociation. He was a life member and officer of 
the American Water Works Association, which 
presented him with its Fuller Award in 1976. 

A member of the Union League, he was 
chairman and secretary of the League's Hearth 
Club. He belonged to the Engineers Club of 
Philadelphia, the Railroad Machinery Club of 
New York, two country clubs, the Masons and 
Phi Gamma Delta. He was an avid student of 
the Revolutionary War. 

Eugene W. Somerville, '32, of Mount Car- 
mel. CT. passed away on October 25. 1983. A 
native of Clinton. MA. he was born on April 
11. 1911. 

After receiving his BSEE from WPI. he 
worked for Bigelow Sanford Carpet Co.. where 
he rose to assistant chief engineer. In 1942. he 
joined United Illuminating Co.. New Haven, as 
a test engineer. In 1960, he became general 
superintendent and five years later he was 
elected vice president of operations and engi- 
neering. He retired in 1974. 

Mr. Somerville belonged to Tau Beta Pi and 
Sigma Xi. and he was a past president of the 
New Haven chapter of the Alumni Association. 
In 1962-63 he was a district keyman for the 
Alumni Fund. He had been a director of the 
executive board of his local Boy Scout council. 

Albert H. Ensor, '33, died in Brewster. MA. 
on October 8. 1983. following a long illness. A 
graduate electrical engineer, he was born in 
Brockton on August 28. 1911. 

In 1974. he retired as superintendent of com- 
munications and controls for the New England 
Electric System following 39 years of service. 
He belonged to the Brewster Men's Club, the 
Church of the Holy Spirit. Theta Chi and the 
Masons. 

George A. Stevens, '34, a retired field man- 
ager for Industrial Risk Insurers, passed away 
recently. He was born in Worcester on May 24. 
1912. and received his BSEE from WPI. 

Following graduation, he joined the Factory 
Insurance Association, now Industrial Risk In- 
surers. In 1938. he was named as a supervisor. 
Appointed executive special agent in 1950. he 
assisted in the supervision and handling of na- 
tionwide accounts in the broadened program 
department. In 1976. he retired as field man- 
ager for the firm's Pittsburgh territory. 

Mr. Stevens was a member of Phi Gamma 
Delta. Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. 

John B. Tytula, '34, of Vera Beach. FL. died 
September 5, 1983. He was a native of Austria. 
A civil engineer, during his career he was 
employed by the Worcester County Highway 
Department and he worked for many years for 
the Maps and Surveys branch of the Tennessee 
Valley Authority in Chattanooga. 

Stephen A. Lincoln, '39, died at his home in 



Oakham, MA, on November 27. 1983. He was 
born in North Brookfield on July 30. 1912. In 
1939. he received his BS in chemical engineer- 
ing from WPI. 

For more than 20 years, before retiring in 
1977. he had been a research chemist at Anken 
Chemical & Film Co.. Williamstown. MA. 
Other employers had been Defender Photo Sup- 
pi) and Du Pont, both in Rochester. NY. Mr. 
Lincoln, who had a BS degree from UMass, 
belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa. 

John H. Newton, '40, former general superin- 
tendent of U.S. Steel's Worcester works, died 
November 25. 1983. in Brunswick. ME. He 
was bom in Millbury. MA. on Nov. 1, 1917. 

An electrical engineer, he joined New Eng- 
land Power following graduation. He also 
worked for the U.S. Navy Yard in Portsmouth. 
VA. and for Stone & Webster in Boston. For 
more than 30 years, he was with U.S. Steel's 
American Steel & Wire Division in Worcester. 
He retired in 1978 as general superintendent. 

Mr. Newton belonged to Phi Sigma Kappa, 
the Poly Club, the Masons (32nd degree), the 
Sutton (MA) Men's Club and the Republican 
town committee. He was active with the Epis- 
copal Church and had served as president of the 
Harpswell-by-the-Sea Association. 

William D. Crosby, '46, of Easton, MA. died 
last July at the age of 57. 

A native of Lenox, he attended North Adams 
State College and Boston University School of 
Law. where he was note editor of the Law Re- 
view from 1949 to 1950. He started his career 
as an attorney with Waltham Watches. Later, he 
opened a private practice in Brockton, which 
focused on wills, trusts, taxation, business and 
banking law. 

He was a member of the Plymouth County, 
Massachusetts and American Bar associations. 
He also belonged to the American Civil Liber- 
ties Union, the National Organization for 
Women and the Cohasset Dramatic Club. 

Edmund J. Eager, '48, an electrical engineer 
for Westinghouse, died October 29, 1983. in 
Mount Lebanon. PA. at the age of 58. 

With Westinghouse for 35 years. Mr. Eager 
was a graduate electrical engineer. He had an 
MBA from NYU . He belonged to ATO and PDE. 
In World War II. he served with the Navy, and he 
belonged to the American Legion. 

John M. Petrillo, '48, an engineer for IBM in 
Waltham, MA, for the past 1 8 years, died at his 
home in Needham on October 5. 1983. He was 
59. 

A native of Lynbrook, NY. he received his 
BS and MS in chemical engineering from WPI. 
Prior to joining IBM. where he had been a mar- 
keting representative, he had been a sales engi- 
neer for the Foxboro Co. He belonged to PKT 
and PDE. During World War II. he was an 
electronics technician with the U.S. Navy. He 
was the father of James Petrillo, '76, John 
Petrillo, '71, and Joseph Petrillo, '86. 

Kenneth R. Neale, '49, died at his home in 
Middlebury. CT, on January 8, 1984, at the age 
of 58. 

He was bom in Waterbury, CT, and gradu- 
ated with a BSEE. Following graduation, he 
joined Connecticut Light & Power Co. He re- 
tired last June as vice president of marketing for 



the Bristol-Babcock Co. in Waterbury. He 
served with the U.S. Navy in World War II and 
the Korean conflict. 

A member of the Middlebury Conservation 
Commission, he had been President of the Os- 
tomy Association of Waterbury and a board 
member of the Waterbury unit of the American 
Cancer Society. He was a 32nd degree Mason 
and a Shriner. A member of the Waterbury 
Club, he also belonged to the Watertown Golf 
Club, the Episcopal Church and the Ice Har- 
vester Association of America. He had served 
as chairman of his local Boy Scout troop. Other 
affiliations were with the AIEE, Phi Sigma 
Kappa and the ISA. 

Paul R. Conlin, Jr., '63, of Attleboro, MA. 
died at his home on September 16, 1983. He 
was bom July 13, 1941. in Worcester. 

In 1963, he graduated as a chemical engineer 
from WPI. In 1965, he received his master's 
degree from UMass, Amherst. A consultant, 
formerly he was employed by Texas Instru- 
ments in Attleboro. He belonged to ATO and 
the AIChE. A U.S. Army veteran, he had 
served in Korea. 

Jeffrey W. Thwing, '65, a civil engineer with 
the air quality division of the Department of 
Transportation, died on October 14, 1983, at 
the George Washington University Hospital in 
Washington, DC. He was 40 and a native of St. 
Paul, MN. 

After graduating with his BS from WPI, he 
received his MSCE from the University of 
Rhode Island. He joined the transportation de- 
partment in 1966 in Montana, transferring to 
the Washington area in 1969. 

A licensed professional engineer in Colo- 
rado, he also belonged to SAE and the Method- 
ist Church. He was active with the Boy Scouts 
and enjoyed gardening. 

Lt j.g. Mark R. Caldwell, '81 (USN), was 

declared dead after searchers failed to find any 
trace of his body when his plane was lost over 
the Mediterranean Sea on Thanksgiving Day. 
He was 24. 

A native of Attleboro. MA, Caldwell gradu- 
ated as a mechanical engineer from WPI. He 
received his commission in the Navy through 
the Naval ROTC program at Holy Cross. In 
1983, he was designated as a naval aviator, af- 
ter completing flight training at Naval Air Sta- 
tion, Chase Field, Beeville, TX. After comple- 
tion of C-1A transition training at Naval Air 
Station, North Island. San Diego, he reported 
aboard Transport Squadron 24. Sigonella. He 
belonged to Alpha Phi Omega. 

Correction 

In the February Journal, we reported in the 
story on the new WPI Athletic Hall of Fame 
that Raymond Forkey. '40, one of the Hall's 
eight charter members, is the only WPI athlete 
to have earned 12 letters. Checking the record 
books, we find that two other athletes, Robert 
Cotton, '29, and Earl Bloom, '54, did indeed 
better Forkey 's marks. Cotton, as far as we can 
tell, earned 13 letters— in basketball, tennis, 
soccer and golf. Bloom, who earned 15 let- 
ters—in football, basketball, track and tennis- 
remains WPI's most decorated letterman. We 
hope we've not caused either of these alumni 
any distress by our oversight. Our congratula- 
tions to all three. 



52 WPI JOURNAL 



continued from page 5 

ming, in how we talk to machines, in how 
we solve a host of problems. 

But one thing is clear: developments 
will not come easily. They didn't come 
without a struggle for Gutenberg, either. 

Today, we can store the equivalent of all 
of the Manhattan telephone directory on a 
chunk of material about the size of a post- 
age stamp. In order to build such a memory 
technology, we must draw circuit logic on 
the material with lines about one-micron 
wide. A micron is 1/25,000 of an inch; a 
human hair is about 40-microns wide. But 
we cannot depend on conventional, light- 
dependent instruments to draw such narrow 
lines. Instead, methods using X-ray energy 
are called into play. And even smaller, 
faster computers are promised, requiring 
even more exotic manufacturing tech- 
niques, such as using an electron beam, 
able to make lines thinner than a human 
nerve fiber, to draw circuit logic. 

Computing speed, too, is improving 
dramatically, in concert with the size of 
our most advanced computers. Today's 
computers are built on nanosecond— one- 
billionth of a second— technology, where 
electric circuits make switches in a few to 
thousands of nanoseconds. Yet even faster 
computers may be needed soon. Recent 
experiments have shown that the technol- 
ogy needed for picosecond— trillionth of a 
second— systems is not far off. How much 
time are a nano- and a picosecond? Well, 
light travels about a foot in one nanosec- 
ond, and a picosecond is to a second what 
a second is to 31,710 years. 

These phenomenal speeds enable, in 
large part, dramatic reductions in the size 
of the most advanced computers. Con- 
versely, machines must be designed to ac- 
commodate the comparatively short dis- 
tances electricity covers in a nano- or 
picosecond. 

But what about the interaction between 
machines and people? What have you 
done for me lately, one might ask? 

Most conventional programming lan- 
guages, like Fortran, Cobol and Basic, 
which were written for educational and 
professional applications, are far too com- 
plicated for general use. Until recently, the 
inherent complexity of managing informa- 
tion was handled by the user. Fortunately, 
burgeoning markets for personal comput- 
ing have created a demand for transferring 
a great deal of that complexity to the com- 
puter itself, thus making access to com- 
puters easier for everyone. As the philoso- 
pher and theologian Martin Buber put it, 
"It is more important that the machine re- 




Dr. Louis Robinson is Director of Univer- 
sity Relations at International Business 
Machines (IBM) Corporation. 

fleet our humanness than we become the 
mirror of the machine." 

As a result of this demand, there has 
been a surge in research devoted both to 
creating a better understanding of informa- 
tion processing and to developing the most 
efficient products most economically. 

There evolves from these consider- 
ations a natural, evolutionary change 
in the relationship between industry 
and education, a change rooted deeply in 
the economic realities of our times. Faced 
with declining U.S. competitiveness in 
worldwide markets, our professional soci- 
eties, the National Science Foundation, 
companies and universities are all looking 
for more effective bridges for building re- 
search cooperation. 

Many in the academic community seek 
science for the sake of science. But many 
also seek to make the knowledge gained 
through research benefit all of society. For 
the latter to occur, for us all to develop 
wider perspectives, without jeopardizing 
the unique role of each, we need to in- 
crease the dialogue between those who 
create the science and those who apply it. 

But the interdependence doesn't end 
with dialogue alone. Industry needs to 
have access to a pool of well-trained scien- 
tists and engineers. Corporations employ 
60 percent of U.S. scientists, and our 
needs are growing. 

We also rely heavily on university re- 
search that creates the new materials in- 
dustry needs in its quest for lower costs 
and better performance. Similarly, no uni- 
versity, no matter how large or rich, can 
possibly expect to replicate in its entirety 
the modern high-technology industrial en- 
vironment. Obsolescence, too, takes its 
toll on university budgets. 



Think of it this way: An apprentice to a 
seasoned boot-maker can indeed learn to 
make the next pair better than anyone else. 
But if there is a surprise or unexpected 
twist— so frequent in technology— the ap- 
prentice cannot fall back upon core-curric- 
ulum knowledge to solve unprecedented 
problems. New and formal scientific or 
engineering training is an essential ele- 
ment of the repertoire of today's effective 
problem-solver. 

Historically, the use of technology has 
been largely the private domain of those 
who developed it. Probably, for example, 
few nations other than England, France or 
the U.S. could have built the Panama or 
Suez canals. 

But the computer is different. Once it 
exists anywhere, it exists everywhere. 
There are students working at terminals in 
Worcester, in Chicago, in London, trying 
to understand genetic principles or inte- 
grated circuits. But there are also students 
in Bangkok and Addis Ababa, often con- 
nected by satellite, using the same technol- 
ogy to solve the same problems. The com- 
puter has a great leveling effect in making 
nearly everyone "information literate." 

This new technology will be as perva- 
sive as Gutenberg's. But its real impact 
(far more so than the endless automated 
gadgets it will enable)— and the creative 
challenge all of us face— will be in chang- 
ing the way we think about information 
and the sources of that knowledge, be they 
in science or engineering, in driving the 
kids to dance class and preparing meals, or 
in privacy or law. 

Picture Gutenberg, who has just in- 
vented movable type. To the few 
monks then able to read and write, he 
says, "We're going to use this technology 
to put on everyone's breakfast table three 
pages of listings of the opening asked, bid 
and closing prices of every stock on the 
New York Stock Exchange." But in 1460, 
of course, there was not even a New York, 
let alone a newspaper or stock market. 
Likewise, predictions of the computer's 
potential may seem today just as outra- 
geous as the ones hypothetical^ assigned 
to Gutenberg. 

Like movable type, the computer's po- 
tential is limited only by our imaginations. 
It's like handling an artist a palette that 
includes an infinite spectrum of colors, 
even invisible ones, like ultraviolet or X- 
rays; or a composer a set of musical notes 
and harmonics and chords, some of which 
have never been played before; or a poet 
an alphabet of infinite scope. It is a tool 
for the realization of ideas. 



family affair* 



REUNION 1984 



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WPI J ournal 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC ^INSTITUTE 



VOLUME 88, NUMBER 



Staff of THE WPI JOURNAL 

Editor, Kenneth L. McDonnell 

Alumni Information Editor, Ruth S. Trask 

Sports Editor, Gene Blaum 

Alumni Publications Committee: William J. 
Firla, Jr. '60, chair; Samuel W. Mencow, 
'37; Stanley P. Negus, Jr., '54; Judith 
Nitsch, '75. 

The WPI Journal (ISSN 0148-6128) is pub- 
lished quarterly for the WPI Alumni Associa- 
tion by Worcester Polytechnic Institute in coop- 
eration with the Alumni Magazine Consortium, 
with editorial offices at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, MD 21218. Pages I-XVI are 
published for the Alumni Magazine Consor- 
tium (Franklin and Marshall College, Hartwick 
College, Johns Hopkins University, Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute) and appear in the respective alumni 
magazines of those institutions. Second class 
postage paid at Worcester, MA, and additional 
mailing offices. Pages 1-18, 35-52 ® 1984 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Pages I-XVI 
1984, the Johns Hopkins University. 

Staff of the Alumni Magazine Consortium: 

Editor, Mary Ruth Yoe; Production Coordina- 
tor, Amy Doudiken; Designer, Ellen Cohen; 
Editorial Assistant, Claire E. Brown. 

Advisory Board for the Alumni Magazine 
Consortium: Franklin and Marshall College, 
Gerald Eckert and Judy Durand; Hartwick Col- 
lege, Merrilee Gomillion; Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, B.J. Norris and Elise Hancock; Rensse- 
laer Polytechnic Institute, Lynn Holley and 
Robert M. Whitaker; Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute, Donald F. Berth and Kenneth L. 
McDonnell. 

Acknowledgments: 

Typesetting, BG Composition Inc.; Printing, 
American Press Inc. 



Diverse views on subjects of public interest are 
presented in the magazine. These views do not 
necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or 
official policies of WPI. Address correspon- 
dence to the Editor, 77!? WPI Journal, Worces- 
ter Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 
01609. Telephone (617) 793-5609. Postmaster: 
If undeliverable please send form 3579 to the 
address above. Do not return publication. 



CONTENTS 



AUGUST 1984 



6 A Passion Fulfilled, for All to Enjoy 

Higgins House, the estate of Aldus ('93) 
and May Higgins, remains one of WPI's 
most cherished gems. 
Lora Brueck 

12 Rich Pryputniewicz: 

A Giant in the Land of Lasers 
He's put WPI on the map in this new 
technology— 24 hours a day. 
Michael Shanley 

16 Golf, Tennis, Anyone? 

Rain and wind (again) couldn't cloud the 
good cheer (again) of Reunion Weekend. 
Kenneth McDonnell 

I Unraveling Rainbows 

How scientists have explained them. 
How artists have portrayed them. 
And how they work. 
Raymond Lee, Jr. 

XII Jerseywocky 

Lewis Carroll would have written this, 
had he traveled the New Jersey Turnpike. 
Paul S. Kieffer 

XIV "My job as a parent is done." 

Entering college marks a watershed. 
Elise Hancock 

Departments 

Books 2 

News from the Hill 3 
Class Notes 35 
Completed Careers 5 1 
Feedback Inside back cover 



-04-Tor 



m 



Page 12 



Page 16 



Page I 



Cover: Bob Cruickshank and Aman Khan eye an 
holography experiment that measures the vibration of jet-engine turbine blades. 
Photo by Michael Carroll. Opposite: The elegant south window of the Great 
Hall at the Higgins House, lush with springtime ivy. Photo by Michael Carroll. 



AUGUST 1984 1 




Washington's Best 
Kept Secrets: 
A U.S. Government Guide 
to International Business 

By William Delphos, '74 MG 
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, 
New York, 1983 

by Ruth Trask 

In Best Kept Secrets, his 270-page interna- 
tional business guide, Bill Delphos, '74 
MG, not only cuts red tape, he also cuts 
the mustard. His informative "how-to" 
manual, which should be required reading 
for would-be international entrepreneurs, 
is opening doors in Washington, DC, and 
in business communities around the world. 

Described in business circles as "a 32- 
year-old whirlwind," Delphos has come 
through with a first publishing venture that 
has been termed "astounding." To con- 
ceive and produce a book in less than a 
year is a feat almost unheard of in the pub- 
lishing world, let alone in the molasses- 
like mire of government bureaucracy. But 
the book was one whose time had come, 
and the first printing of 10,000 copies is 
already exhausted. 

"The guide is designed to unscramble 
the scores of U.S. government programs 
available for American firms seeking to do 
business abroad," says Delphos. The idea 
for the project jelled when he came across 
studies showing that the average U.S. 
businessman had only the foggiest idea of 
how government programs could help him 
get into the export business. 

"There were countless books covering 
exporting," he continues, "but not a single 
one offered a simple, how-to guide. The 
American businessman had to go to Wash- 
ington and see a dozen mega-agencies. 
There was no central information point." 

To remedy the situation, Delphos, 
who is vice president of operations for 
the Washington-based Overseas Private 
Investment Corp. (OPIC), took on the job 




Bill Delphos and President Ronald Reagan 

of putting together a one-stop guide to 
international business. The result of his 
collaboration with seven government trade 
agencies is a tightly edited manual outlin- 
ing markets, opportunities, travel prepara- 
tions, feasibility studies, regulations, 
financing, investments and training. It 
gives names, phone numbers, addresses 
and costs. Most importantly, it uses the 
direct "supermarket" approach— listing 
the services available (e.g., direct loans) 
and the administering agencies much as a 
supermarket displays products by brand 
name labels that also identify the manufac- 
turer. 

"If a company wants to export its prod- 
uct, it can identify sources of market infor- 
mation, specific countries where that prod- 
uct should find ready acceptance, and 
what the U.S. government offers by way 
of assistance, without spending two weeks 
on the phone to Washington," Delphos 
explains. 

Interspersed with the nuts and bolts are 
stories of companies and entrepreneurs 
who have taken advantage of various gov- 
ernment programs and succeeded. For 
example, Kentron International of Dallas, 
through the efforts of the Commerce 
Department, is upgrading the Pakistan 
Railway communications system under a 
$50 million contract. The Department of 
Agriculture helped U.S. tanners enter the 
China leather market, increasing sales 
from $49 million to $65 million within two 
years. A feasibility study grant helped 
LEMCO Engineers of St. Louis, MO, win 



a $9 million contract for engineering high- 
voltage transmission lines in Bangkok. 

OPIC, Delphos' agency, has itself guaran- 
teed loans for numerous international ven- 
tures. For instance, it guaranteed a loan to 
establish a Caterpillar Tractor equipment 
dealership in Honduras, insured an AMF 
investment in sports equipment manufac- 
ture in China, and backed a three-year pro- 
gram to train management executives in 
Southern Asia in the use of American tech- 
nology. 

One small businessman found listed in 
the guide a simple booklet that gave him 
the opportunity to latch onto a foreign- 
government contract in the health indus- 
try. "He isn't classified as a 'small' busi- 
nessman any longer," Delphos smiles. 

Secrets also outlines a Small Business 
Administration program that gives free 
legal counsel for the first-time exporter. It 
reports that between the Departments of 
Agriculture and Commerce there are 21 
overseas offices that the U.S. businessman 
can use for $50 a day or less, including 
secretarial, clerical, marketing assistance, 
Telex and telephones. It also details such 
obscure policies as a Department of Agri- 
culture program that provides American 
companies with cash allowances for point- 
of-purchase displays in foreign countries. 

Last November, Washington 's Best Kept 
Secrets was launched during a spectacular 
50-city video conference attended by 
5,000 businessmen interested in doing 
business around the world. Called "Oper- 
ation Opportunity," the conference was 
co-sponsored by the seven government 
agencies which collaborated on the guide, 
plus several private sponsors, including 
Fortune magazine, Deloitte Haskins & 
Sells, and John Wiley & Sons. Well- 
known TV personality Edwin Newman 
served as moderator. 

While Delphos deservedly takes the 
credit for conceiving and editing the fast- 
selling Secrets, he admits that his wife, 
Betsy, came up with the title. "The title 
sounds a bit more provocative than the 
material, don't you think?" he laughs. 



WPI JOURNAL 



NEWS FROM THE HILL 




- ,*>v 



Joseph Glasser, '35 EE 

Three Alumni Elected to 
Trustee Terms 

Effective July 1, 1984, three alumni were 
elected to serve on the WPI Board of 
Trustees. Joseph Glasser, '35 EE, an 
incumbent, will serve a second five-year 
term, until June 30, 1989. William A. 
Delphos, '74 MG, and Peter H. Horst- 
mann, '55 ME, will each serve an eight- 
year term, until June 30, 1992. 

Delphos, who holds an MBA from 
Northwestern University (1976) is vice 
president for operations of the Overseas 
Private Investment Corp., Washington, 
D.C. He is also editor of Washington's 
Best Kept Secrets, a government guide to 
international business (see review, page 
2); chairman of Operation Opportunity, a 
presidential program to help American 
firms win in overseas markets; and a 
former board member of Gould, Inc. He is 
an Alumni Fund head agent. While a stu- 
dent at WPI, he was president of the Inter- 
fraternity Council and a member of Skull. 
He is also a member and past section chief 
of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. 

Glasser is a consultant and the director 
of the Center for Business and Industry 
at North Essex Community College, 
Haverhill, MA. He is also a retired vice 
president of Raytheon Co. He received an 
honorary doctor of science degree from 




Peter H. Horstmann, '55 ME 




William Delphos, '74 MG 

the University of Lowell in 1973 and in 
1978 won WPI's Robert Goddard Award 
for professional achievement. He serves 
on the boards of several organizations, 
including the Lawrence (MA) General 
Hospital, Andover (MA) Memorial 
Library, and Lawrence (MA) Savings 
Bank. He is also vice president of the 
Haverhill Chamber of Commerce. A 
member of the WPI Board since 1979, 
Glasser also sits on the advisory board at 
WPI's Department of Management. 

As an alumnus, Horstmann has been 
active in WPI affairs since 1965, when he 
began serving on the alumni board of 
Sigma Phi Ep'silon fraternity. He was pres- 



ident of the WPI Alumni Association 
(1981-83), was a member and later chair- 
man of the Alumni Fund Board (1971- 
78), and won the WPI Herbert F. Taylor 
Award in 1980 for distinguished service to 
his alma mater. In his undergraduate 
years, he was senior class president, mem- 
ber of Skull and Tau Beta Pi, and co-cap- 
tain of the undefeated 1954 football team. 
He has served on the boards of the Holden 
(MA) school and Wachusett regional 
school districts. He also referees college 
football games throughout New England. 
Horstmann is vice president of Coppus 
Engineering Corp., Worcester, and presi- 
dent of Suburban Driver Service, Ho-Ho- 
Kus, NJ. He earned an MBA from West- 
ern New England College in 1964. 

The college is indeed fortunate to have 
these three outstanding individuals on its 
Board of Trustees. 



Comings. . . . 



As we went to press, Director of Admis- 
sions Roy Seaberg, '56 ME, reported that 
WPI will welcome in September a fresh- 
man class that upholds the academic qual- 
ity of the past several incoming groups. In 
terms of applicants who have accepted 
admission, the overall number is down 
only a handful, to 662, from last year's 
record 667— this in the face of declining 
demographics across the nation and espe- 
cially in the Northeast. 

"For the past five years," says Seaberg, 
"the average SAT scores of all incoming 
WPI freshmen have stood at 650 math 
(men, 640 women) and 530 English (men 
and women), out of a possible perfect 
score of 800 on each test. This is a positive 
sign that we are at least maintaining qual- 
ity in the face of declining SAT scores 
nationwide." 

Other statistics: Of the current 662 
acceptances, 54 percent hail from Massa- 
chusetts, 68 percent from New England. 
Both percentages are roughly the same as 
in the 1983-84 school year. Foreign stu- 
dents make up about 6 percent of the class, 



AUGUST 1984 




As work nears completion on the reno- 
vated and enlarged Washburn Shops, 
some departments , such as Materials 
Engineering and Management, have 
already moved back into the building. 
Here, a mason lays up brickwork for the 
Shops ' new main entrance, which opens 
onto Freeman Plaza. Rededication is 
scheduled for early autumn. 

and women 20 percent (again, about equal 
to last year's figures). 

Overall, of those indicating preferred 
areas of study, 26 percent have pointed to 
electrical engineering, mechanical engi- 
neering 14 percent, computer science 12 
percent, "undecided engineering" 10 per- 
cent, and any of the science/mathematics 
programs 8 percent in total. 

Sons or daughters of alumni number 19 
in the class, and 3 grandchildren of alumni 
will enter WPI in September. More than 
140 relatives of current students will also 
be matriculating for the first time in the 
fall. 

"Although we went to our waiting list to 
bring in the class size we desire," Seaberg 
says, "we've done so for three of the past 
four years as well. There's nothing un- 
usual about this, except that this year we 
planned for it." 



. . . And Goings 

WPI's 573 degree recipients at the 116th 
Commencement received more than a 
diploma. They also got a copy of David 
McCullough's The Great Bridge, the 
award-winning story of the building of the 
Brooklyn Bridge. With it they got a home- 



work assignment from President Edmund 
T. Cranch. "This is both a final academic 
gesture," Cranch said, "and a way to 
make sure you read at least one book after 
graduation. 

"There's a catch, though," he added. 
"You'll be quizzed on the book at your 
fifth reunion." 

Bachelor of science degrees were 
awarded to 471 seniors. Another 64 
received master of science degrees, five 
the master of mathematics, and four the 
doctor of philosophy. In all, since May 
1983, degrees awarded by WPI total 755, 
of which 601 were the bachelor of science. 

Honorary doctorates were awarded to 
commencement speaker Dr. John Lott 
Brown, '46 EE, president of the Univer- 
sity of South Florida; Dr. Ray E. Bolz, 
immediate past vice president and dean of 
the faculty at WPI; the late Charles C. 
Bonin, '38 CE, a civil engineer business 
executive and former WPI trustee; and 
David McCullough, writer-historian. 



Firla Appointed 
Publications Committee 
Chairman 

William J. Firla, Jr., '60 ME, has been 
appointed chairman of the WPI Alumni 
Publications Committee by Alumni Asso- 
ciation president Harry W. Tenney, Jr., 
'56 ME. Firla succeeds Donald E. Ross, 



'54 ME, whose term expired June 30. 
Firla, a consulting systems engineer for 
IBM, is a former chairman of WPI's Pub- 
lic Relations Advisory Committee. He is a 
resident of Needham, MA. 

Ross had served as chairman of the 
committee since 1981. He is executive 
vice president of MPB Corp., Keene, NH, 
a maker of precision bearings. 

The Publications Committee acts as an 
advisor to the editor of the WPI Journal, 
providing critical analysis of current and 
planned issues of the magazine as well as 
advice on publishing direction and produc- 
tion policy. 

Currently, three alumni sit on the Com- 
mittee besides the chairman. In the next 
year, however, additional members will be 
added to broaden the perspectives and geo- 
graphical representation of the group. If 
you know of any alumni who you think 
may be qualified to serve on this body, we 
encourage you to contact Mr. Firla (130 
Tower Ave., Needham, MA 02194) or 
Mr. Tenney (74 Gulf St., West Long 
Branch, NJ 07764). 

(Editor's Note: Working with the Publi- 
cations Committee under Don Ross's lead- 
ership has been a pleasure, and I anticipate 
more of the same with Bill Firla as chair- 
man. As editor, I value each member's 
efforts on behalf of the college. And I 
want especially to recognize the contribu- 
tion Don has made to WPI and the help he 
has given me so selflessly as Committee 
chairman, colleague and friend. Thanks, 
Don!) 




As if the traffic wasn 't bad enough on May 19 at the corner of Park and Salisbury 
streets, what with WPI Commencement and the Worcester Craft Center Fair that after- 
noon in the same neighborhood. Actually, these two houses made their way quite nicely 
that day from Dean Street to new foundations on a site off Salisbury Street near Assump- 
tion College. To make way for WPI's soon-to-be built Residence Hall 6, two couples, 
WPI students Vincent and May-Shun Pawlowski, and Mr. and Mrs. William Gillin, paid 
the college token amounts for the houses, rather than see them razed. It took workers all 
day and half the night to move enough utility wires and tree branches to finish the job. 
And although the Pawlowskis and the Gillins didn 't know each other before this venture, 
they certainly do now. 



4 WPI JOURNAL 



Spring Sports Wrap-up 

Hammer-thrower Pete Sifferlen's (Sud- 
bury, MA) all-America performance and 
second-place finish at the Division III 
NCAA Track & Field Championships 
highlighted a successful spring sports sea- 
son at WPI. 

Sifferlen, a two-time all-America, and 
high-hurdler Dan Pond (Grafton, MA) 
qualified to participate in the Nationals 
held at Carleton College, Northfield, MN. 
Sifferlen, who finished fourth in 1983, had 
a best throw during the finals, 179-4, that 
fell just two feet behind the eventual win- 
ner but did earn him all-America honors 
for the second consecutive year. Pond, 
who set a Division III New England record 
in early May, didn't qualify for the finals 
in the 1 10-high hurdles. 

The men's track team enjoyed a banner 
year, finishing 8-2 for its 14th consecutive 
winning season. Coach Merl Norcross's 
squad captured the City Championship 
Meet and finished a strong fourth at the 
Division III New England Championships. 
Five individuals, plus the 4x100 relay 
team, garnered all-New England honors. 

The women's club crew team added 
excitement to the spring, as well. The var- 
sity four-boat placed second at the Dad 
Vail Regatta in Philadelphia and brought 
home a silver medal. The Engineers 
crossed the finish line just six seconds 
behind Coast Guard in the final heat. 

Another club team, men's lacrosse, dis- 
tinguished itself as the laxmen won their 
last seven games to finish 9-4 and claim 
the Pilgrim League championship. WPI 
had an unblemished 5-0 League record, 
including a season-ending 1 1-10 overtime 
win over Providence that decided the 
championship. Bill Zagrany (Westfield, 
MA) paced the scoring attack with 36 
goals and 9 assists on the year, while John 
Joseph (Longmeadow, MA) and Dave 
Anderson (East Greenwich, RI) tallied 22 
and 17 goals, respectively. 

WPI placed five members on the Pil- 
grim League all-star team, including 
Zagrany, Dave Sheehan (Wilmette, IL), 
Chris Clausson (Wayland, MA), Dave 
Collette (Leominster, MA) and Bill Simp- 
son (Needham, MA). 

The men's tennis team also had a fine 
season, snapping a 13-year losing skein 
with a 5-3 record. WPI was led by num- 
ber-one singles Dan Mott (Holden, MA). 
He had a sparkling 6-2 record and at one 
point during the campaign was 5-0. Num- 
ber three, Carlo Gretter (Venezuela), and 
number four, John Scacciotti (Maynard, 




In a close 400-meter race, All-New 
England Economou breaks the tape 
against MIT's best. 

MA), played well all season for head 
coach Alan King. And Eric Reidmiester 
(Brooklyn, CT) won five consecutive 
matches to finish 5-1 . 

Although the baseball team ended with 
an 8-19 mark, there were obvious bright 
spots, including the play of center fielder 
Chuck Hickey (Ashland, MA), who led 
the Engineers in seven offensive catego- 
ries. Meanwhile, impressive freshmen like 
Dave Scala (Worcester, MA) and Mike 
Shipulski (Methuen, MA) played with the 
poise of seasoned veterans. Other stars for 
WPI were Jack Holzman (Braintree, MA), 
Dan Coakley (Sterling, MA), and Steve 
Nolan (Maiden, MA). The pitching staff 
was led by ace righty Bob Hess 
(Needham, MA). He finished with a 5-4 
record, an enviable 2.81 earned run aver- 
age, and the only shutout of the season. 

Like the diamondmen, the women's 
softball squad had fine individual perfor- 
mances despite its 6-7 record. Pitcher 
Michelle Bugbee (Holliston, MA) won all 
six games and ended with an impressive 
3.39 earned run average. Hitting stars 
were Chris Clancy (Braintree, MA), Moe 
McGlone (Middleboro, MA), and Cindy 
Perkins (Nashua, NH). 

The men's golf team suffered through a 
2-10 season, but a shining light was the 
presence of Eric Meerback (Easton, CT), 
who consistently shot the team low. And 
the women's club track team showed a 1-4 
record, with the lone win coming against 
Clark. Elaine Santry (Weymouth, MA) 
and Michelle Payant (Southbridge, MA) 
excelled for the Engineers. 

At the conclusion of the season, student 
athletic awards were presented at the 
annual Varsity Awards Banquet. Pete Sif- 
ferlen and Chiara Whalen (Brick, NJ) 
were presented the Varsity Awards for out- 
standing senior athletes, while Bob Hess 



received the Percy Carpenter Award 
for sportsmanship, and Karen Brock 
(N. Hartland, VT) won the Patricia 
Graham Award for leadership and sports- 
manship. The Leo S. Hansson Award was 
given to Carlo Gretter as the outstanding 
sophomore; and the Coaches Awards, to 
outstanding freshmen, were presented to 
John Loonie (Brockton, MA), Amilcar 
Carniero (Framingham, MA) and Cindy 
Perkins. The Ted Coghlin Managers 
Award went to Martina Gorski (Webster, 
MA). 

Gene Blaum 
Sports Information Director 



WPI Wins Two More 
CASE Awards 

It is an unusual year when WPI fails to win 
at least one Recognition Award from the 
Council for the Advancement and Support 
of Education (CASE). In 1983-84, WPI 
was honored with two of these prestigious 
prizes, which celebrate special achieve- 
ment in the fields of institutional develop- 
ment—alumni affairs, public relations, 
publications and fund raising. 

First, for the fifth time in six years, the 
college has been recognized for excellence 
in alumni giving with receipt of the cov- 
eted CASE-U.S. Steel Foundation Award. 
This prize acknowledges sustained perfor- 
mance over four years in alumni giving to 
the annual fund. Over the past 24 years, 
this program has recognized more than 
500 institutions through cash gifts totaling 
nearly $1 million. 

"Five out of six isn't bad," says former 
Alumni Fund managing director Sharon 
C. Davis, "especially when only a few 
colleges can lay claim to a more consistent 
record. WPI alumni have much to be 
proud of." Sharon resigned her WPI post 
June 30 to become director of develop- 
ment of the Bancroft School, Worcester. 

WPI congratulates and thanks not only 
the thousands of alumni whose generous 
concern for their alma mater has made this 
sustained performance possible, but cer- 
tainly Sharon Davis as well. Her leader- 
ship has had much to do with the Alumni 
Fund's success over the past decade. 

The second CASE Recognition Award 
was given to the WPI Journal, for 
improvement in periodicals programs. 
This award is based on content, writing, 
editing, visual communication, printing, 
use of resources, and objectives for 
improvement. 

Son of a gun! 



AUGUST 1984 5 




A PASSION FULFILLED, 
FOR ALL TO ENJOY 

WPFs magnificent Higgins House continues to impress us with its 

enduring qualities of taste and construction. And its history is a tale 

as colorful as that of the 16th-century Tudor castle that inspired 

Aldus Higgins, '93, to create a dream house for his wife May. 

By Lora Brueck 




i 



I m 



m 




■■ : ■■ ■• . 



*" 






Of all the inquiries that come to the 
WPI Archives, more concern 
WPI's priceless Higgins House 
than any other aspect of the college his- 
tory. Questions come from students- 
some writing Humanities project reports — 
others from faculty, staff and the public, 
all satisfying a curiosity about the House: 
Who was Higgins? When was the estate 
built Why a mini-castle tucked away on 
the edge of the WPI campus? How did the 
house look in its prime? How has the 
house been used, and what is its future? 

Some of the answers to these questions 
can be found in the artifacts of the WPI 
Archives; but many are built into Higgins 
House itself— in the sneers of the gar- 
goyles, in the ancient wood paneling, in 
the fluted chimneys and antique tile. 

Most of us stand in awe of the Higgins 
House— that a WPI graduate lived in such 
grandeur; that a mere 60 years ago con- 
struction of this magnificence was eco- 
nomically possible; that such time, care 
and attention to detail were invested in a 
house. 

The story of Higgins House goes back 
to the 1865 founding of WPI itself, 
known then as the Worcester County 
Free Institute of Industrial Science. The 
school combined the dreams— and finan- 
cial resources— of two local industrialists, 
John Boynton and Ichabod Washburn, to 
train young men as engineers. Boynton 's 
Institute gave them the classroom knowl- 
edge and Washburn's Shops the hands-on 
experience. 

Milton Prince Higgins had grown up on 
a Standish. Maine, farm, where, as a boy, 
he tinkered in his father's copper shop. 
After receiving all the education available 
in Standish, he went to Manchester, New 
Hampshire, to work in the Amoskeag 
Mills. Higgins came to Worcester in 1868, 
as the first superintendent of the Washburn 
Shops. A recent graduate of Dartmouth 
College's Chandler Scientific School, he 
came highly recommended to Ichabod 
Washburn by his Dartmouth professor, 
John Woodman, for whom Higgins would 
name his second son. 

When Higgins arrived in Worcester, he 
already had plans to marry Katherine Cha- 
pin, but first he needed to pay off his col- 
lege debts and save a little nest egg. They 
were married in 1870 and moved into a 
boardinghouse on Boynton Street, where 
most of the school's faculty lived. Soon, 
Milton and Kitty were able to purchase her 
dream of a house, at the corner of Bliss 
(now West) and Salisbury streets, the 
present site of Goddard Hall. It was here 




Overleaf: In 1925, the "new " Higgins House was one of Worcester's choicest proper- 
ties. Clockwise from top left: Aldous C. Higgins '93, in 1940; gables show a recurring 
pattern: anchor and porpoise entwined; details from the garden; the elegant Great Hall. 



that Aldus Chapin Higgins, the first of 
four Higgins children, was born in 1872. 

The Higgins children were a familiar 
sight on the Tech campus, and it was only 
natural that Aldus and John should be edu- 
cated here. Aldus graduated in 1893, and 
John in 1896. The yearbook of the class of 
1893, the Aftermath, shows Aldus's popu- 
larity among his classmates: "'Allie' is a 
striking refutation of the doctrine that no 
good thing can be connected with the fac- 
ulty. Be it said to his credit that no confi- 
dence of his classmates was ever betrayed 
by him." 

Aldus left Worcester for law school at 
Washington's National University. In 
1898, he married a Washington, D.C., 
woman and graduate of Vassar College, 
Edgenie Brosius. Back in Worcester, 
Milton Higgins bought the triple-decker 
next door, at 218 West Street, for his son, 
and Aldus and Genie moved in. 

At about this time, the propriety of an 
educational institution carrying on a 
commercially successful business— the 
Washburn Shops— became increasingly 



controversial. The WPI trustees decided to 
discontinue the business of the Shops, 
retaining but a small teaching role for it. 
Milton Higgins was asked to resign. With 
his friend, WPI mechanical engineering 
professor George Alden, the two left to 
continue the hydraulic elevator business 
they had started in the Washburn Shops. 

At about that time, Milton Higgins 
became a partner in the Norton Company, 
with its new grinding-wheel business. By 
the time the Higgins House was being 
planned in the early 1920s, many changes 
had taken place in Aldus Higgins' life. His 
beloved wife Edgenie Brosius had died 
suddenly in 1911 at the age of 39, leaving 
him with two children, Elizabeth, 1 1, and 
Milton, 9. He continued living at 218 
West Street, next door to his childhood 
home, and in 1914 married a Worcester 
woman, Mary Sprague Green, known as 
"May." 

Soon after their marriage, Aldus bought 
a dozen acres behind the Higgins' homes 
on West Street, then a barren field, from 
the heirs of Harrison Bliss and the Worces- 



8 WPI JOURNAL 




ter Art Museum, who had been donated 
the land by Stephen Salisbury. Here Aldus 
and May planned their dream house. 

Aldus had risen through various posi- 
tions at Norton to become treasurer of the 
company. In 1914, his invention of the 
water-cooled furnace won him prestige 
worldwide. His work frequently took him 
to Europe, where his interest in art grew. 
He loved the old English castles with their 



turrets and moats. One in particular, 
Compton Wyngates, struck his fancy. To 
duplicate it in Worcester, in miniature, on 
the land where he had lived most of his 
life, became his passion. 

Compton Wyngates, located in central 
England, in Warwickshire, was built in 
about 1525, after fortified castles were out 
of date, but it retained many of their fea- 
tures—a moat, secret hiding places, multi- 



ple stairways, and towers with crenated 
battlements. It had 80 rooms and 17 flights 
of stairs. In the 1790s it was ordered 
destroyed by the destitute Lord Northamp- 
ton, but a servant saved it from ruin. All 
but 30 of its 275 windows were bricked 
over to avoid paying the window tax. 

Some of the external features of 
Compton Wyngates are replicated in Hig- 
gins House: the multiplicity of ornamental 
brick chimneys, all different from one 
another; the half-timbered gables; the vari- 
ety of building materials— brick, stone, 
wood and stucco. 

Both homes combine many styles, per- 
haps because both used materials from 
other buildings. Aldus Higgins brought in 
pieces from around New England and 
from Europe, blending antique and con- 
temporary, local and foreign, to create a 
patchwork quilt of a house. 

The blueprints of the estate, now located 
in the WPI Archives, are works of art in 
themselves. They show the time and care 
put into planning the estate by many archi- 
tects, who worked closely with Higgins, 
making revisions according to his specifi- 
cations. The plans cover the minute details 
of the house and grounds— window 
frames, mantels, brackets, lighting fix- 
tures, ironwork, and placement of green- 
ery. 

Construction was begun in 1920, halted 
for a year due to financial recession, and 
"completed" in 1923. The plans, how- 
ever, show that Higgins was never really 
finished with his dream house, constantly 
remodeling and adding details. 

The Higgins House can be appreci- 
ated on two levels— the overall, 
wide-angle view and the close-up. 
Upon visiting the estate for the first time, 
one is impressed with the grand scope of 
the buildings and grounds. 

On the exterior, the heavy stonework of 
the octagonal tower, and the vertical lines 
of the five chimneys and exposed beams 
give the feeling of great size. Shielding the 
house from the outside world, massive 
oaks — older than the house— and tall pines 
add to the magnitude. 

Inside, beginning with the Great Hall, 
the number (29) and dimensions of the 
rooms continue the impression of size. 
The Great Hall alone measures 36 by 22 
feet, with a 36-foot-high pitched wooden 
board and beam ceiling. At one end, a 
three-story arched window overlooks large 
expanses of lawn and magnificent formal 
gardens. Opposite it, the balcony and 
organ loft rise high over the main floor. 
The fireplace, with its mantel carved from 



AUGUST 1984 



a roof section of an Italian monastery, is 
large enough to bum a six-foot length of 
timber. 

However, it is the attention to detail, the 
personal touches, added by Aldus and 
May Higgins, that give the House its 
appeal— that make you notice something 
new each time you visit the estate. 

On the outside, the five chimneys, all 
different, exhibit this detail. Their brick- 
work is in spiral, octagonal and diamond 
patterns. The central chimney, made of 
three sections, is protected with a peaked 
copper hood supported by ornamental 
ironwork. 

On the east side, the brick is laid up 
between exposed beams in a diagonal pat- 
tern, with only the ends exposed in the 
form of flowers. About ten kinds of brick 
were used in the construction, but care was 
taken that they be laid five or six of a kind 
together before shifting to another type. 

A recurring design throughout the 
house, inside and out, is the anchor with a 
porpoise intertwined around the shaft. 
This anchor and porpoise, with the name 
"Aldus," was the imprint of the 16th-cen- 
tury Venetian printer Aldus Manutius, 
revered even today for the quality of his 
work. The anchor symbolizes strength and 
stability; the porpoise speed and activity. 
Although Higgins may have chosen this 
symbol because it bore his name, certainly 
its meaning is appropriate to his creation— 
his house. 

The anchor and porpoise motif can be 
seen on approaching the house in a large 
crest on the outside of the tower wall. 
Inside the entrance hall, the bricks in the 
wall and flagstone on the floor are inter- 
spersed with decorative tiles, flowers, 
ships, birds and, again, the anchor and 
porpoise. The stucco gables on the exte- 
rior of the East Wing are imprinted with 
anchors, porpoises, and May Higgins' 
symbol, the rose. 

Higgins brought iron hinges from 
England, and designed ornamental iron- 
work which a Swedish craftsman took two 
years to complete. On the face of the Great 
Hall balcony, Higgins installed hand- 
carved and -painted panels representing 
the coats of arms of all owners of the land, 
from the Indians to the Higginses. No 
detail, it would seem, went unattended. 

In contrast to the dark and heavy atmo- 
sphere of the main rooms is Mrs. Higgins' 
suite (now used for visiting VIPs), consist- 
ing of a boudoir (sitting room), dressing 
room and bedroom. This area was redeco- 
rated in 193 1 . The walls of the boudoir are 
of light wood in panels topped with ele- 
gant arches and carved flowers. The floor 




The boudoir in Mrs. Higgins ' suite, now reserved for visiting VIPs. 



is parquet. The brown and white marble 
fireplace and mantel have the same grace- 
ful curves as the paneling. 

The panel to the right of the fireplace is 
a concealed closet door. Inside is a win- 
dow overlooking the Great Hall, through 
which Mrs. Higgins could view her guests 
before joining them. 

The aeolian organ in the Great Hall, 
with its three-tiered console, was a source 
of enjoyment to Aldus Higgins, although 
he did not play the organ. (It was played 
with rolls.) The pipes were installed 
behind the uppermost balcony, the front of 
which is decorated with an ironwork pat- 
tern of a musical score with the words 
"Pastime with good company I love and 
shall until I die, grudge who will but none 
deny, so God be pleased this life will I." 

After Aldus' death in 1948, May Hig- 
gins felt no need for the organ and donated 



it to Saint Joseph's Abbey in Spencer. It 
was removed from Higgins House and 
installed at the Abbey by the same crafts- 
men who had originally installed it. 

Higgins was an admirer and collector of 
paintings and stained glass. He traveled in 
Europe with Henry Taylor, director of the 
Worcester Art Museum. Higgins was an 
artist himself, painting mostly landscapes. 
The house was hung with paintings by 
Picasso, Braque, Cezanne and Roualt, 
which Higgins bought in Europe before 
their value escalated. 

The House was a wonderful place for 
entertaining, and the Higginses would 
often host parties for their Worcester 
friends. At one of these parties, guests 
were not allowed to enter without an origi- 
nal painting done themselves; these paint- 
ings were hung in the garage for viewing, 
and a prize was awarded for the best. 



10 WPI JOURNAL 




I Above: Aldus Higgins previewed his art in 
s this gallery (now a storage room). 



A fter Aldus' death, May Higgins con- 

ZAtinued living in the House until she 
L A. died in 1970. She had bequeathed 
the Higgins House to WPI. However, the 
15th- and 16th-century stained glass from 
European churches that adorned all of the 
larger windows, as well as the paintings, 
were not included in the bequest. They 
were sold at auction by Parke-Bernet Gal- 
leries, and the proceeds from the sale were 
used to pay taxes. 

When WPI first inherited the estate, it 
was at odds as to what to do with it. Some 
suggestions were to move all administra- 
tive offices into it, to tear it down, or to 
use it for a student center, infirmary, or 
arts and humanities center. 

A planning study was done by Charles 
W. Moore Associates, to offer solutions 
for the annual $20,000 upkeep and tax bill 
of the House, coupled with the problem of 



inadequate student housing on campus. As 
a result, some areas of the house were 
rented to students and faculty while other 
rooms became available for public func- 
tions. The main rooms on the first floor— 
the Great Hall, library, sun room, dining 
room and kitchen suite— were prepared for 
use as a function facility by a committee 
composed of faculty, staff and their 
spouses. 

In the fall of 1971, 22 students, 16 men 
and 6 women, moved into the upper 
rooms— the servants quarters, east wing 
bedrooms and the tower room. They 
shared household work and undertook 
maintenance and repair— waxing floors, 
washing windows, rewiring lighting fix- 
tures, repairing air conditioning and heat- 
ing systems, and taking care of the 
grounds. They also set up the main rooms 
for events and acted as guides. 



During the first two years, Higgins 
House received heavy use. The Spectrum 
Fine Arts Series was held there; an Inter- 
session course given by Prof. Edward 
Hayes resulted in the production of Tudor 
playwright John Heywood's "The Play of 
the Weather" in the "Higgins Manor." 
Sets were built in the spacious basement 
and moved to the Great Hall for the perfor- 
mance. There were weekly buffet lunches 
for faculty and staff. 

Of the original twelve acres of the 
estate, about five remained when WPI 
inherited it. As the campus becomes 
increasingly congested, the open lawns of 
the estate look inviting for development. 
Two attempts by the college, in 1971 and 
1981 , to use a portion of the land for park- 
ing lots caused such protest among stu- 
dents and faculty that these changes have 
been put on hold. 

Presently, the main rooms of Higgins 
House receive almost daily use for Contin- 
uing Education programs, reunion func- 
tions, luncheons, banquets and weddings. 
The east-wing bedrooms are used as 
offices by the Continuing Education semi- 
nar staff and by a trustee of the Institute. 
The former servants' quarters house four 
students who watch over the house and set 
up for functions. A faculty member rents 
the apartment over the garage. 

Although it is beneficial for WPI to be 
able to use the estate in these ways, the 
heavy use is not without its costs. The 
beautiful, ornate entrance doors— with the 
Aldus trademark in wrought iron, leaded 
windows and wood carvings— lie idle in 
the basement, having been replaced by 
more utilitarian models. And some iron- 
work knobs, latches and decorations have 
disappeared despite stepped-up security. 

The value of Higgins House cannot be 
quantified. To recreate it today would be 
impossible, as few craftsmen of the type 
employed by Higgins still exist. The cen- 
turies-old tiles, corbels, beams and stone- 
work could not be replaced, at any price. 

On a typical sunny spring day, one can 
see how the WPI community adores the 
Higgins estate. In a stroll around the 
grounds, flowering with azaleas, rhodo- 
dendrons and magnolias, one will see Fris- 
bee-playing and sunbathing students relax- 
ing from college pressures and staff 
members eating their lunches in the gar- 
dens. Probably without realizing it, they 
are all grateful that Aldus Higgins 
dreamed of a castle in Worcester, and that 
WPI has had the wisdom to preserve it for 
the pleasure of so many. 

Lora Brueck is the WPI Archivist. 



AUGUST 1984 11 



Rich Pryputniewicz: 




■--ail 



A Giant in the Land of Lasers 

WPI steps to the forefront as the applications of 
holography and fiber optics expand. 



By Michael Shanley 

Rest your arm on the 3,000-lb. steel- 
topped table in Rich Pryputniewicz 's 
lab and watch as the table sags, then 
with a hiss quickly readjusts itself. 

Custom-built in California, the self-lev- 
eling table detects and makes allowances 
for such nearly imperceptible events as the 
vibration of Higgins Laboratory itself 
caused by trucks passing by outside. 

Like the rest of the several hundred 
thousand dollars' worth of equipment in 
the two labs on the second floor of Hig- 
gins, the silver table is a precision instru- 



ment. What's happening on top of the 
table surely demands precision: calcula- 
tions are being made on objects that can be 
altered by the weight of a single grain of 
sand or even a speck of dust. 

What's going on in those rooms— where 
dazzling beams of colored lights bounce 
off mirrors and snake through tiny glass 
tunnels— is research into two rapidly 
advancing technologies: holography and 
fiber optics. 

Six years ago, there were no steel-topped 
tables in Higgins Labs. There were no 
tables because there was no Ryszard J. 



("Rich") Pryputniewicz. (Pronounced just 
as it's spelled. Rich likes to say.) Rich 
built the labs from scratch, getting indus- 
try to pay for the equipment in exchange 
for research. 

Before joining the Mechanical Engi- 
neering Department in 1978, Rich spent 
seven years at the University of Connecti- 
cut—as a graduate student, a research and 
teaching assistant and, finally, an assistant 
professor. That last position was a joint 
appointment in the School of Engineering 
and the School of Dental Medicine. In that 
capacity, he was involved in holographic 
research that today stands as seminal: the 



12 WPI JOURNAL 



use of pulsed lasers to make holograms of 
the mouth, skull and jaw. 

"We were working with real people and 
real teeth," says Rich, "something no one 
had done before. We were trying to iden- 
tify the best way of moving teeth with 
appliances— braces and the like. 

"It involved the examination of struc- 
tural properties, stress and strain on the 
jaw and the interaction of skull bones— a 
complex series of measurements. But we 
were really just trying to answer a simple 
question: how do teeth move?" 

The question couldn't have been 
answered without holography— a way to 
take 3-dimensional pictures using light 
patterns. Holography was discovered in 
1947 by Nobel-laureate Dennis Gabor, a 
Hungarian-born scientist working in Lon- 
don. Gabor was looking for a way to 
improve the power of the electron micro- 
scope (a holography application that, iron- 
ically, never quite worked out) when he 
first proposed a new two-step process of 
lensless photography. Here's how the 
process works: 

The light beam from a laser is split into 
two parts. One part illuminates the object. 
The light scattered by the object interacts 
with the second part of the beam and that 
interaction is recorded (photographically) 
as an interference pattern. This photo- 
graphic record, or negative, is called a 
hologram. For the second step of the 
holography process, the hologram is 
placed in a light beam that reconstructs the 
pattern and allows the observer to see the 
original image in perfect 3-dimensional 
detail. 

Gabor's discovery, which he called 
holography— from the Greek words 
"holos," meaning all or whole, and 
"gramma," meaning message— was for 
years impractical. That's because the sec- 
ond step in the holography process 
requires a coherent and monochromatic— 
or ordered — light source, and no such 
practical source existed until lasers were 
developed in the early 1960s. 

For the uninitiated, the basics of holog- 
raphy can be difficult to grasp. The holo- 
gram itself, for example, is a glass plate. 
But when you hold it up to ordinary light 
all you'll see is an unrecognizable series of 
markings. What you won't see is anything 
that looks like the object that was photo- 
graphed. But illuminate the plate with a 
coherent light source— a laser— and you'll 
see a perfect image of the object, in all its 
3-dimensronal glory. 

Another tough concept to handle: drop a 
hologram on the floor so that it smashes 
into a thousand pieces, and each piece will 




To create this double exposure hologram, 
one exposure was taken of the empty wine 
glass, another of it filled. The fringe 
patterns show displacement by the liquid. 

have the entire image on it. Each piece 
will contain all the information necessary 
to reconstruct a complete picture of the 
object. 

Perhaps most fascinating— and, for 
some, perplexing— is the way a hologram 
allows you to view the object from differ- 
ent directions. One analogy frequently 
used is that an illuminated hologram 
allows an object to be viewed as if through 
a window— if you move your head to a 
different part of the window you'll see the 
object from a different angle. 

For scientific and industrial applica- 
tions, though, more than a pretty 3-dimen- 
sional picture is required. What's needed 
is a picture of how an object changes— 
when it's placed under stress, for example. 
For that, a second exposure is needed. To 
help explain the process, let's go back to 
the dental research Rich and his colleagues 
were working on. 

In order to actually see how teeth move, 
one exposure is taken of just the teeth. 
Then a set of braces, for example, are 
installed, a force is applied and a second 
exposure is taken. What you'll see now 
when the hologram is illuminated is a pic- 
ture of the teeth and jaw with interference 
or "fringe" patterns that indicate move- 
ment or deformation of the teeth and 
bones. Most of Rich's research, then and 
now, involves interpreting these "fringes" 
and translating them into numbers that 
indicate the degree of displacement or 
deformation. 

This concept of double-exposure holog- 
raphy can be transferred to any other kind 



of analysis— stress, vibration or heat, for 
instance. As mentioned before, measure- 
ments of astonishing precision can be 
made: stress on a heavy object caused by 
sound, wind or even specks of dust. 
"Holography is capable of measuring dis- 
placement on the order of 1 billionth of a 
meter, strain on the order of 0.2 micro- 
strains." says Rich. "It's especially good 
for testing tiny components that can't be 
tested by traditional means. Some people 
use it for finite element analysis or heat 
transfer studies— things you can't measure 
"by hand." 

Ask Rich how he got interested in hologra- 
phy and he takes you back many years and 
across many miles to a suburb of Gdansk. 
Poland, where he was born and raised. 

"I can remember my father buying me a 
camera when I was very small." he says. 
"I was taking photographs before I was in 
the first grade." 

Years later, after Rich, his parents and 
his three brothers had emigrated to the 
United States and settled in Norwich, CT, 
he read an article in Scientific American 
about photography by laser. 

"I started to read on the subject and one 
thing led to another," says Rich. "At that 
time, there was just holography with a sin- 
gle exposure— no fringes." 

At UConn, Rich met a professor who 
was also interested in holography, and the 
two began working together. "It was 
extremely difficult to record holograms in 
those days." notes Rich. "The equipment 
wasn't advanced enough." 

As the equipment improved. Rich and 
his colleagues were in the forefront. They 
did research on a number of topics, includ- 
ing stress analysis of turbine blades for 
United Aircraft (now United Technolo- 
gies). 

So it was with a strong background in 
the use of lasers that Rich came to WPI. 
When he got here, however, the going was 
rough for a while. There was virtually no 
laser research equipment in WPI's 
Mechanical Engineering Department, and 
Rich found himself spending endless hours 
in meetings or doing paperwork in an 
effort to win research grants. He credits 
President Edmund T. Cranch. former 
Dean of Faculty Ray E. Bolz and Mechan- 
ical Engineering Department Head Donald 
N. Zwiep with helping him get through 
those difficult times. 

In hindsight, it was a January 1979 
Intersession course that really got things 
started. During Intersession, a two-week 
period in January, the WPI community is 
offered a wide variety of "minicourses" 



AUGUST 1984 13 




Peter Hefti works with the ultra-high accuracy heterodyne system of holography. 



taught by faculty, students, visiting 
scholars and experts. Interest in Rich's 
laser holography course was great— 70 or 
so students showed up. Encouraged, Rich 
integrated the study of lasers into some of 
his regular courses. 

The following year's Intersession, Rich 
offered another holography course, this 
time for industry representatives. The 
response was overwhelming. People- 
more than he could handle— came from all 
over the U.S. and Europe. Rich made a 
number of important contacts at the 
course. Soon thereafter, grants and equip- 
ment began to trickle in. The laser labs 
began to develop. 

The two fully equipped labs as they 
stand today are testimony to the talent and 
perseverance of one man. By and large, 
Rich arranged things so that companies 
provide him with the equipment he needs, 
and when the research is done WPI keeps 
the equipment. 

What kind of research, exactly, does 
Rich do? Good question, but one that can't 
be answered directly. Virtually all of 
Rich's work is the proprietary interest of 
the organizations that fund his research. 

In general terms, Rich focuses his 
research as well as his teaching on the 
engineering applications of lasers— their 
use in design optimization studies and 
fluid flow or in measuring temperature, 
distance or corrosion. He often works with 
Prof. Ron Biederman or others from the 
WPI Materials Engineering group using 
lasers to determine material properties. 



"It's the application of the technology 
that interests industry," Rich says. "They 
all want hard numbers, and that we can 
give them." 

The growing number of industries inter- 
ested in holography now include auto, 
chemical, food processing, medical, aero- 
space and shipbuilding, to name a few. 

Few companies can afford to do their 
own holography research— it's just too 
expensive to equip a lab and support a full- 
time research crew. For many big firms, 
however, research money is not a prob- 
lem. United Technologies, General Elec- 
tric, General Motors and other industrial 
giants have major full-time research pro- 
grams in holography. 

Rich has done research for more than a 
dozen firms, including General Dynamics, 
Raytheon, Wy man-Gordon, Norton Co., 
AMP Incorporated and International Har- 
vester. 

"For years," says Rich, "few people 
thought holography would ever be really 
useful. Now people are starting to come 
around." 

Another burgeoning technology that Rich 
and his students are studying is fiber 
optics, which Rich describes as a "pipe- 
line for light." 

The fiber is a long, super-thin glass tube 
that allows light— from a laser, for exam- 
ple—to be transmitted at incredible speeds 
and with minimal loss. Bursts of laser light 
are replacing electrical signals as the pri- 
mary means of telephone communica- 



tions; optical fibers are replacing old cop- 
per wiring. Companies like AT&T, GTE 
and MCI are installing hundreds of thou- 
sands of miles of optical fibers a year. 
With 300 times the information-carrying 
capacity of copper wiring, fibers can trans- 
mit huge volumes of information: it would 
take about two seconds to transmit the 
information in an entire set of encyclope- 
dias. 

Glass fibers are also being used to allow 
doctors to view the inside of the human 
body and to transmit laser beams for use in 
surgery. In the factory, fiber optics allow 
light to be directed through the dirty, dusty 
atmosphere. 

Brian Nason of Saco, Maine, who grad- 
uated from WPI in May, will be back this 
fall to continue the fiber optics work he 
began as an undergraduate. For his Major 
Qualifying Project, the ME major studied 
the use of remote fiber optic sensors for 
measuring vibrations. He used a cantilever 
beam as a standard and a loudspeaker to 
induce the vibration. 

"The best thing about it," says Brian, 
"is that it's non-invasive, non-destructive 
testing— you don't have to attach anything 
to the object. And you can measure vibra- 
tions as small as one micron, which is one 
times 10 6 meter." Brian hasn't yet defined 
his graduate topic, but he plans to study a 
fiber optics application that no one has yet 
examined. 

Another laser lab graduate student is 
Bob Cruickshank of Scarsdale, NY, who 
is studying the management of energy sys- 



14 WPI JOURNAL 



terns. He's using computers in the hologra- 
phy lab to design software programs that 
would automatically run household 
machinery— lights, radios, TVs, hot water 
and heating systems, stoves — anything 
that consumes energy. The programs 
would also work for people who want to 
generate power using alternate forms of 
energy. 

Bob, who hopes to spend six months 
studying at the University of Sterling, 
Scotland, this fall, got interested in holog- 
raphy while working as a work-study stu- 
dent and, later, as a teaching assistant in 
the laser labs. He has spent a lot of time 
putting together the equipment for laser 
experiments and has participated in sev- 
eral studies dealing with laser applica- 
tions. 

Ph.D. student Aman Khan of Bangla- 
desh hopes to complete his holography 
thesis by December. His work involves 
fundamental research in heterodyne holog- 
raphy, the most exact method known for 
evaluating fringes. Currently working as 
an ME instructor, Aman hopes to stay on 
at WPI. "It's hard to find research facili- 
ties that match what we've got here," he 
says. 

Another regular in the labs is Peter 
Hefti, an opto-electronics specialist from 
Switzerland who does experimental 
research for Rich. Peter, who spent eight 
years working with lasers in Europe, came 
to WPI two years ago after meeting Rich 
at a conference in France. 

Also doing graduate research are four 
part-time students working on their mas- 
ter's degrees while holding down jobs in 
industry. On the undergraduate level, five 
students will be starting holography or 
fiber optics projects this fall. 

The job outlook for students in these 
fields is good, says Rich. He often gets 
calls from companies who want to hire 
someone who can "handle a laser." 

Between overseeing student research, 
conducting his own research, teaching 
courses, seeking funding and attending 
conferences, Rich will have his hands full. 
But that will be nothing new for this man 
who says "for me, each day has 25 hours, 
each week eight days." You'll never catch 
him standing still. Last year, he toured 
Australia and New Zealand, lecturing on 
holography. He frequently travels to sym- 
posia or conferences, presenting papers, 
learning, making contacts. This summer 
there were conferences in Brazil, Japan 
and Portugal. 

"Conferences get you funding," 
explains Rich. "There are always industry 
representatives there. Sometimes it takes a 




Brian Nason makes final adjustments to a fiber optics experiment on light transmission. 



couple of years, but you'll get a phone call 
saying, T remember you made a presenta- 
tion on such and such. Here's our prob- 
lem. Is this feasible?' " 

When he's not teaching a class or rush- 
ing off to the airport, you'll most likely 
find Rich in one of his labs doing research. 

"The beauty of research," says the man 
who has turned down a number of lucra- 
tive offers from private industry, "is that 
you're free to follow whatever path you 
feel is necessary— you can go with your 
gut feelings. Always, you're dealing with 
unknowns, and there are lots of different 
directions to choose from. Here, I can 
make the choices. In industry, they make 
the choices for you." 

Despite his hectic schedule, Rich retains 
a calm, soft-spoken demeanor and an Old 
World sense of hospitality. Drop by his 
office and you'll get a warm welcome. 
You'll be offered coffee and made to feel 
comfortable. Students who come to his 
office with questions are treated with 



respect and addressed as colleagues. 

Rich finds time to meet with nearly all 
those who seek him out. The only ones he 
has no time for are those who lack com- 
mitment. He simply cannot understand 
people who go through life doing just 
enough to get by. Not a surprising senti- 
ment, really, from a man who knew not a 
word of English when he arrived in Amer- 
ica but quickly taught himself enough to 
begin taking college level courses, who 
wrote a detailed 100-page monograph for a 
two- week Intersession course, who built 
two laser labs from scratch. 

Rich Pryputniewicz is a man who 
believes firmly in the possibilities, in the 
25-hour day. When it comes to commit- 
ment, he sees no middle ground. You're 
either on the bus or off the bus. In action 
and word, he urges his students to climb 
aboard. 

Michael Shanley is Director of the WPI 
News Bureau. 



AUGUST 1984 15 



Golf, Tennis, Anyone? 

Reunion '84 goes into the archives as the wettest — 
and one of the happiest — alumni events ever. 



Tradition plays a leading role at WPI 
Reunion Weekends. There's the all- 
class Reunion Luncheon, the rol- 
licking Old Fashioned Clam Bake, the 
Reunion Parade, hospitality suites, alumni 
awards, campus tours, class dinners, fun 
and games. Lately, some might even add 
bad weather to this list of traditions. For 
the second— no, the third— year in a row, 
we've gotten drenched or drizzled. And if 
any weather could ruin a get-together of 
old friends, it would've been the rains and 
winds of Reunion '84, May 31 -June 3. 

And yet, few who attended would say it 
did, we'll bet. 

In addition to the traditions of Reunion, 
golf, tennis, computers, photography, 
stained glass and the Boston Pops were on 
the agenda. And even though the rains 
began on Thursday and poured until Sun- 
day morning, a few hearty souls actually 
completed 18 holes of golf; others found 
more favorable tennis conditions at indoor 
courts. 

At the Reunion Luncheon on Saturday, 
with more than 625 alumni filling Har- 
rington Auditorium, the Class of 1917 
Attendance Cup was awarded to the 50th 
Reunion Class of 1934 for the highest per- 
centage of members attending. 

Alumni awards were presented to 
Robert Fowler, Jr., '36, and C. John Lin- 



degren, '39 (Herbert F. Taylor awards for 
outstanding service to WPI); John P. 
Burgarella, '50, Wilfred J. Houde, '59, 
and David E. Monks, '64 (the Robert H. 
Goddard Award for professional achieve- 
ment); and Patricia Graham Flaherty, '75 
(the John Boynton Award for outstanding 
involvement by a young alumnus). 
Finally, Fr. Peter J. Scanlon was presented 
the WPI Award for distinguished service 
to the college by a non-alumnus (see box 
story, p. 18). 

Chester Inman, ' 14, celebrating his 70th 
anniversary, was the oldest alumnus 
attending. Fred Costello, '59, came all the 
way from Hong Kong; Harvey Rosenfeld, 
'59, from Holland; and Smil Rueman, 
'49, from Israel. 

A few new features added vitality and 
variety to Reunion— the golf and tennis 
tournaments, continental breakfasts and 
open house at several academic depart- 
ments, and seminars, like those on photog- 
raphy and computers. 

We awoke to a glorious Sunday morn- 
ing, with eye-opening proof that the sun 
still shines in Worcester— in spite of the 
gales of Reunion '84 . . . and '83 . . . and 
'82. 

And as for Reunion '85 . . . Ladies and 
gentlemen, you may place your bets on the 
weather. 




Jack McManus, Bill Pursell and Stan 
Sokoloff, all '59. 




Open houses, in the EEand, here, ME 
departments, were a big hit with both 
alumni and faculty. 




Charlie McElroy, '34, receiving the Reunion Class Attendance Cup from 
Alumni Director Steve Hebert, '66. 



Prof. Robert Norton (ME) gives alumni a tour of WPI s 
heavily used computer facility, the "Apple Lab." 



16 WPI JOURNAL 





Alex Papianou, '57, leads the singing of 
the Alma Mater at the conclusion of the 
Reunion Luncheon. 



Six alumni shared a special spotlight at Reunion Weekend: (Seated, L-R) Robert Fowler, 
'36, Herbert F. Taylor Award winner for distinguished service to WPI; Dr. Edmund T. 
Cranch; Patricia Graham Flaherty, '75, recipient of the John Boynton Award for out- 
standing service by a young alumnus; John Burgarella, '50, winner of the Robert Goddard 
Award for professional achievement. (Standing L-R) Irving James Donahue, Jr. , '44, vice 
chairman, Board of Trustees; Wilfred Houde, '59, winner of the Robert Goddard Award; 
Harry W. Tenney, '55, Alumni Association president; David E. Monks, '64, Robert 
Goddard Award winner; and John Lindegren, Jr. , '39, Herbert F Taylor Award winner. 




Reunion Luncheon 1984, with 635 in attendance. 



AUGUST 1984 17 




To an Unsung Hero 



Dr. Arthur Burr, '29, who teaches at the 
University of Texas, compares notes with 
Jonathan Barnett and Professor Hartley 
Grandin, both of ME. 




On a tour of the campus, a student guide 
fills alumni and spouses in on what 's new. 



aM 



Dr. Edmund T. Cranch at dedication cere- 
mony of the Class of '44 Carillon in Alden 
Memorial. The Carillon rang true the 
entire Reunion Weekend. 



He is a force to be reckoned with. But 
not just his imposing size or the boom 
of his voice. There is something about his 
very presence that says in unquestioning 
terms that the Rev. Peter J. Scanlon 
believes in himself and his work. 

As Catholic spiritual leader for WPI and 
Holy Cross, and as Vicar for colleges 
throughout Worcester, Father Scanlon 's 
name and face are familiar to students of 
all faiths throughout the area. 

Yet, as so many students will tell you, 
he plays more than a spiritual role on cam- 
pus. He is a friend and counselor as well- 
to students leaving the security of family, 
often for the first time, to those despairing 
for whatever reason, to anyone who sim- 
ply wishes to relax and talk. Father 
Scanlon is accessible. 

A native of Worcester, Father Scanlon 
graduated from St. John's High School in 
nearby Shrewsbury before attending Holy 
Cross and later St. Mary's University and 
Seminary, Baltimore, MD. His first 
assignment in Southbridge, MA, was fol- 
lowed by work in his home parish, Ascen- 
sion, Worcester, and later in Rutland, 
MA, and Immaculate Conception, Wor- 
cester. In 1966 his role as chaplain to 
Catholic students at WPI was expanded 



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when he was appointed Newman Chap- 
Iain, working with students at WPI, 
Becker Junior College and Worcester 
State. At any one time, he has been 
involved with up to 12 colleges, as well as 
serving as chaplain for the Worcester Fire 
Department and as pastor of Our Lady of 
Fatima Church, Worcester. 

For some students, college can become 
both the best of times and the worst of 
times, as academic, career and social pres- 
sures take their toll. WPI is fortunate 
indeed to have committed to the spiritual 
health of its students a person of Father 
Scanlon 's warmth, compassion and keen 
awareness of human need. 

You can't put a number on his contribu- 
tion to WPI. But Father Scanlon 's work 
does not go unnoticed, though he'd be the 
last to turn the spotlight on himself. 

So, at Reunion, before many of "his" 
former students, WPI thought it only fit- 
ting to honor Father Peter Scanlon with its 
WPI Award, given for special service to 
the college by a non-alumnus. Only five 
others have been so recognized. Yet even 
this gesture can be but symbolic of the 
gratitude and respect that the entire WPI 
community holds for this large, loving 
man of uncommon generosity. 




The Rev. Peter Scanlon, winner of the WPI Award for distinguished service to the col- 
lege by a non-alumnus, with his mother, Mrs. Peter Scanlon, and his sister, Peggyann. 



18 WPI JOURNAL 






Prism of the Sky 

Bending sunlight, raindrops 

have created a scientific puzzle, 

an aesthetic marvel, and a 

continuing symbol of 

divinity and political might. 



J 



RAINBOWS: 

AN OBSERVERS GUIDE 




A rainbow is generated by you, 

the sun, and the raindrops, at the proper relative 

angles. To begin with, the sun must be 

directly behind you. 

By Raymond Lee, Jr. 



Your next rainbow is as 
close as the nearest gar- 
den sprinkler— and as 
far as the sun. For the rainbow 
is simply an image of the sun, 
although a much modified one. 
Raindrops perform this rear- 
ranging of sunlight, and do so 
by two processes: reflection 
and refraction. 

First, the over-all picture: 
You can see that the rainbow is 
part of a circle centered about 
the shadow of your head. This 
is true of any rainbow. This 
circle of light is sunlight 



reflected by some of the rain- 
drops falling in the distance 
and it is quite personal: no one 
else sees the rainbow you see, 
because no one else is in a 
position to see the light 
reflected from the same array 
of raindrops. But it is not sim- 
ply reflected. If it were, the sky 
in the picture above would 
merely be full of white light. 
To explain the rainbow, we 
need to look inside a raindrop. 
For our purposes, raindrops 
may be regarded as imperfect 
one-way mirrors; most light 




passes through the drops, but 
the small fraction forming the 
rainbow is reflected internally. 
As sunlight passes from air into 
the raindrop (or vice versa) it is 



bent or deviated from its origi- 
nal path, with blue light being 
deviated more than red. It is 
reflected from the drop's rear 
(see diagram), then bent 
again— refracted— as it passes 
out. This combination of 
refraction and reflection occurs 
at each air-water boundary, and 
many times within each indi- 
vidual raindrop. 

Light emerges from the drop 
through a range of angles, 
spraying reflected light over a 
large part of the sky opposite 
the sun, and the concentrated 



II ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



light from many raindrops 
makes the light bright enough 
to see. However, it is only light 
that is refracted on entering the 
drop, reflected once from its 
rear, and refracted a second 




time on exiting, that forms the 
main or primary rainbow. 

The dispersal of the light dis- 
plays an elegant geometry, 
here simplified for clarity. Of 
course, each drop is penetrated 
by many rays of light at a time, 
all over the drop. The sunlight 
is deviated in many directions, 
the particular direction depend- 
ing on both the light's color and 
where the ray of light enters the 
raindrop. As shown, a ray 
which passes through the mid- 
dle of the drop is deviated by 
180 degrees, returning in the 
same direction it came. But as 
rays strike the drop at ever 
more glancing angles, the com- 
bined refractions and reflection 
result in their being bent 
through smaller and smaller 
angles. 

This process does not con- 
tinue indefinitely, however. A 
ray entering at one particular 
spot will be bent by 138 
degrees, the minimum devia- 
tion. Rays that enter the drop at 
more oblique angles are devi- 
ated by more than 138 degrees. 
In contrast to other rays, the 
minimum deviation ray has a 
great many neighbors leaving 
the drop at nearly the same 
angle. And by nature's 
alchemy, it is this concentra- 
tion of light at approximately 



138 degrees from the sun 
which forms the rainbow. 

Approached another way, 
whene\eryou are illuminated 
by sunlight, the shadow of 
your head is 180 degrees from 
the sun. This makes the bow a 
42-degree circle (180 - 138 = 
42) centered about the shadow 
of your head. All rays other 
than the minimum deviation (or 
rainbow) ray simply add to the 
general brightness within this 
42-degree circle, which 
explains why the sky is gener- 
ally brighter within the rainbow 
arc. 

Why do rainbows come and 
go so fast? and why do you 
sometimes see only parts of the 
rainbow? 

It is the combined effect of 
many drops that gives rise to 
the bow, and all of them must 
be at the same angle to the sun 
with respect to you. Thus, at 
any instant, only those drops 
before you which are on a 42- 
degree circle centered about 



the shadow of your head can 
send the concentrated rainbow 
light to you. These drops may 
be at any distance from you— 
your garden sprinkler will do — 
but must be on the 42-degree 
circle. 

Since the raindrops are fall- 
ing, there has to be an uninter- 
rupted supply of them for the 
bow to last longer than an 
instant. But the edge of a shaft 
of rain can pass quite quickly 
across the position where a 
rainbow might occur, so the 
bow can appear or disappear 
just as fast. Or a cloud might 
block and unblock the sun, 
bringing the rainbow in and out 
with its source of light. 

Similarly, if any part of the 
circle where the rainbow can 
occur is devoid of either drops 
or sunlight, then that part of the 
bow will not form. This 
accounts for the partial bows 
we often see. 

Whether the drops are in the 
sprinkler spray or in a distant 



shower, the rainbow is merely 
sunlight. So chasing the rain- 
bow is as futile as chasing the 
sun. In fact, moving in any 
direction is equally fruitless. 
There is no point in backing up 
to photograph the whole bow; 
it won't change size. Rather, it 
will seem to follow you. 

The rainbow's colors arise 
from the fact that the minimum 
deviation ray is at a slightly 
different position for each 
color, because each color of 
light can only be bent so far, 
depending on the color. (The 
color separation that light 
undergoes as it is refracted in a 
prism is an imperfect analogy, 
but illustrates the process.) 
Consider red and blue as the 
colors that bound the rainbow: 
because blue light at minimum 
deviation is bent through a 
greater angle than red light, the 
red light is closer to the sun. 
Therefore, red will be on the 
outside of the primary bow, 
closest to the sun, and blue will 




AUGUST 1984 HI 




be toward the inside. (Red rain- 
bows occur at sunset, as above, 
because the sunlight itself is 
red.) 

Although an indefinite num- 
ber of colors is possible, their 
sequence across the primary 
bow is invariant. From the out- 
side to the inside of the primary 
bow the hierarchy is: red, 
orange, yellow, green, blue, 
purple. But even casual obser- 
vation shows that not all these 
colors may be evident in any 
given rainbow, and in fact col- 
ors may vary along a single 
bow. But the order does not 
vary. If the bow displays only 
orange, yellow, and blue, they 
will be in that order. 

To explain this fact — one 
apparently unknown to adver- 
tising agencies— let us look at 
light as a wave phenomenon, 
recalling that waves have a 
highly salient property: they 
can interfere with each other. 
In fact, light waves can inter- 
fere in somewhat the same way 
as water waves. If you drop 
two stones into a pool, the 
expanding rings of waves will 
intersect. Where the wave 
crests coincide, they reinforce 
each other to produce a larger 
wave than either of the origi- 
nals. On the other hand, where 
a wave crest of one ring is 
combined with a trough from 
the other, the perturbations 
cancel out and the water is at 
its undisturbed level. 

Although light waves are 
electromagnetic, not mechani- 
cal, and though they oscillate 
much faster than water waves, 



on the scale of raindrops the 
interference analogy holds. 
Cancellation of light yields 
darkness, and reinforcement 
yields more intense light than 




in the original source. 

If a raindrop reflects and 
refracts an advancing front of 
light waves, much as a curved 
beach affects water waves, the 
front folds over on itself, as 
shown. A dark and bright pat- 
tern of interference results, and 
the first bright band is the pri- 
mary rainbow. Other bands 
account for the pastel supernu- 
merary bows sometimes seen 
within the primary bow, as 
well as for the dark bands 
between all these arcs. 

Further, the spacing and 
width of these interference 
bows depends on the size of the 
raindrops. As a result, the 
range of drop sizes in a shower 
partly determines the intensity 
of rainbow colors. Generally, 
the bigger the raindrops, the 
brighter the rainbow. The 
smaller the drops— as in a 
fog— the whiter the bow. 

The secondary rainbow, a 
fainter arc outside the primary, 
is noticeable for the fact that its 
color order is reversed with 
respect to the main bow: the 



red is inside, facing the main 
bow, while the blue is outside. 
The reason is that, in compari- 
son to the primary rainbow ray, 
the rainbow ray of the second- 
ary has entered a different 
drop, and sunlight has been 
internally reflected twice, not 
once. (See diagram, which 
uses ray theory for conven- 
ience.) 

Consider what happens if 
light is reflected a second time 
within a drop: the light is 
canted further upward, and 
another minimum deviation 







^ v 






/ \ \ 















results, this one at about 23 1 
degrees. And since each reflec- 
tion is accompanied by a 
refraction, every internal 
reflection means a loss of sun- 
light out of the drop. (In fact, 
at each bounce, 94 percent of 
the ray's energy is refracted out 
of the drop.) Because the sec- 
ondary rainbow has two inter- 
nal reflections, then, it will be 
less intense than the primary, 
which has only one. 

The color reversal in the sec- 
ondary occurs because of the 
larger minimum deviation: 
sunlight is turned through more 
than 180 degrees. To get a feel 
for this concept, pretend that 



the sun is setting, so that the 
center of the rainbows is on the 
opposite horizon. Now imagine 
that you're holding a pointer 
aimed behind you at the sun. 
You rotate it down toward the 
ground, continue up to point at 
the opposite horizon, and finally 
rotate it up further until it 
forms an angle of 5 1 degrees 
with the earth (180 + 51 = 
231). 

This rotation of the pointer 
mimics that of the rainbow ray 
and indicates the position of 
the secondary bow's red arc. 
Since blue is always deviated 
more in the rainbow ray than 
red, if the pointer rotates 
upward about 3 degrees more, 
it will mark the location of the 
blue arc. This exercise shows 
us the color boundaries of the 
secondary: red on the inside, 
blue toward the outside. 

There is only a small separa- 
tion (9 degrees) between the 
minimum deviation rays of the 
double rainbow, but the separa- 
tion is definite. In comparison 
to the light-filled areas on 
either side, this narrow arc 
between the bows is often 
noticeably darker, because 
drops here can send forth no 
light. 

We can demonstrate (and 
often observe) that the interior 
of the primary bow is brighter 
than the background. But the 
distinction may not be visible, 
because of a background 
whose brightness is not uni- 
form, a sun partially obscured 
by clouds or haze, or a thin 
shaft of rain. In each case, the 
low brightness of the primary 
bow means that only the rain- 
bow's pattern of colors, not its 
inherent brightness, will be 
noticeable. For the secondary 
and supernumerary bows, even 
the colored patterns will be 
invisible if the contrast 
between them and their back- 
grounds is low. And since 



IV ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 




these bows tend to be dim, 
even in the best circumstances 
their colors appear quite pastel. 
This explains why secondary 
and supernumerary bows, 
though they are always there, 
are less often seen. 

Even the primary bow can- 
not be seen if the sun is much 
higher than 42 degrees above 
the horizon (assuming the hori- 
zon is dead level). To see why, 
imagine that a circle the size of 
the primary bow is centered 
about the shadow of your head. 
When the sun is higher than 42 
degrees, no part of this circle 
is above the horizon, which 
means there are no raindrops 
that can send light to you at the 
rainbow angle. Of course, all 
sunlit drops are still refracting 
and reflecting light, and some 
of that light is being bent at the 
minimum deviation angle. But 
now all this light passes above 
your head. 

Of course, you don't have to 
have a level horizon to see a 



rainbow. Our ubiquitous water 
sprinkler would generate a 
rainbow at the bottom of the 
Grand Canyon if the spray 
were sunlit. Conversely, if the 
horizon falls away below you, 
then a more than semicircular 
rainbow may be visible. In 
fact, from a plane or a very 
steep hill, it is even possible to 
see the entire rainbow circle. 

Rainbows are most often 
seen in summer, because the 
necessary mix of rain and bro- 
ken cloudiness is more com- 
mon in summer. Even the 
lower sun altitudes in winter do 
not compensate for these 
reduced opportunities for rain- 
bow watchers. 

At any time of year, how- 
ever, you may be surprised at 
how often rainbows can be 
seen, and at their variety. The 
rainbow may appear with 
shimmering iridescence near 
the horizon. Or it may look like 
a gauzy veil draped across the 
upper reaches of the sky. But 
the rainbow is more ethereal 
than any veil — it has no sub- 
stance, it is sheerest light. 

Raymond Lee, Jr. , a graduate 
student in meteorology at 
Pennsylvania State University, 
is writing a book about rain- 
bows with his adviser, Alistair 
B. Fraser. 





If you can 't wait for a storm, try stalking a rainbow in the 
misty atmosphere surrounding a waterfall. 



Photographing Tips 



( 1) Do not believe your light meter, which will be fooled by 
the diffused and scattered light. In order to make the rainbow 
colors more saturated, you have to underexpose slightly. Gen- 
erally, one half to one full f-stop will work. Your eye is much 
more sensitive to those colors than the film is. 

(2) Bracket your shot. Make several exposures on either side 
of the chosen f-stop. 

(3) You'll generally get the best results if the storm is in front 
of you, so that it creates a dark background. The darker the 
clouds, the better the contrast and the brighter the rainbow. 

(4) Cloudy skies tend to make color film go bluish, so that any 
landscape in the foreground will go off-color. A skylight filter 
is a faint, rosy-tinted filter that helps screen out some of that 
excessive blue, and it will help. 

(5) Some people recommend a haze filter or a UV filter, but I 
have never noticed any great effect with either one. A polariz- 
ing filter is actually bad, as it can reduce the rainbow, or even 
make it vanish. 

(6) People tend to be so impressed by a rainbow, that they feel 
just capturing the rainbow on film will produce a beautiful 
picture. Then when they get the picture back they're often dis- 
appointed. I think some kind of foreground interest helps 
immensely, because it makes the rainbow one element- 
though it may be the major element— in the total composition. 
If you shoot just the rainbow, it may very well come out look- 
ing like nothing more than a lens flare. The rainbow needs con- 
trast with something in the real world to look its ethereal best. 

(7) Shoot quickly. When the ideal condition goes, the rainbow 
goes, and there's no warning. 

—Ed Thorsett 



AUGUST 1984 V 



GOD, THE RAINBOW, 
AND THE ARTIST 



In Judeo-Christian 
culture, artists have 
tended to ignore the 
natural rainbow 
in favor of the 
mythological one. 




Albrecht Diirer's Adoration of the Trin- 
ity (1511, Kunsthistorisches Museum, 
Vienna) shows the rainbow used as sheer 
convention, as a straightforward sign of 
divinity. Both God and Christ are sup- 
ported by the rainbow, a rainbow so solid 
that their garments fold over it. This car- 
pentered bow bears scant resemblance 
to natural rainbows. 

The rainbow as symbol of divinity was 
hardly new with Christianity. In Greek 
myth, the goddess Iris travelled the rain- 
bow as Zeus s messenger, meddling in 
human affairs and often bringing por- 
tents of war and death. 




Research by Raymond Lee, Jr. 
and Alistair B. Fraser 



In Last Judgment (1473, Muzeum Naro- 
dowe, Gdansk) Hans Memling depicts 
the rainbow of Revelation 4:3, with 
Christ as Judge of the World. Below, the 
Archangel Michael weighs the souls of 
men as they are stripped naked for judg- 
ment. There were hundreds of paintings 
of this subject, intended to frighten sin- 
ners into repenting before it was too late. 



Memling's rainbow is moderately real- 
istic. He clearly knew the rainbow was a 
circle (in itself an emblem of divine per- 
fection), and he even includes what may 
be a supernumerary bow. The colors he 
paints are possible. The rainbow 's rela- 
tion to the illumination is not, however; 
nor is the way that it swoops forward 
from a base at the distant horizon. 



VI ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 





Several centuries later, William Blake 's 
Four and Twenty Elders casting their 
crowns before the divine throne 
(c. 1805, Tate Gallery, London) also 
draws on Revelation. Surrounding 
Christ's throne are 24 elders of the 
angelic court that will sit with Christ in 
judgment. 

Notice the rainbow — a double rainbow, 
even. In other drawings, Blake paints the 
rainbow 's colors in plausible order. But 
here, the colors are backward, Why are 
they wrong in this instance? Possibly he 
painted them so on purpose, as part of 
his intellectual feud with Newton, who 
had experimentally determined the color 
order in the rainbow. Blake saw Newton 
as a man of science and scientific law, as 
opposed to himself, a man of spirit. In a 
letter to a friend, Blake writes, ". . . may 
God us keep/from single vision and 
Newton 's sleep." 




In John Constable 's Salisbury Cathe- 
dral from the Meadows (1831, Private 
Collection, currently on exhibit at the 
National Gallery in London), the rain- 
bow embraces Salisbury Cathedral. Con- 
stable prided himself on his observation 
of nature and was an exacting cloud 
painter; he had also studied rainbows. 
But this bow has subtle faults: the inside 
darkness is possible but unlikely; the 
shadows should point to the bow 's center; 
and the sun 's altitude is wrong. The 
storm threatening the cathedral may 
symbolize the turbulent church politics of 
Constable 's day. Arching above the 
cathedral, the rainbow hints of hope and 
divine protection. 



"My heart leaps up when I behold/ A 
rainbow in the sky ". Those were the 
words of William Wordsworth in 1802, a 
time when divinity and nature were 
linked in poetry and art. In John E. 
MilUus's The Blind Girl (1856, City 
Museum, Birmingham, England), the 
little girl obviously sees the rainbow, 
while her companion obviously feels it. 
It is as if the rainbow (a double one) is 
giving the blind girl spiritual food — and 
in the background we see ravens, in 
Christian art a symbol of God's provi- 
dence (an allusion to the ravens which 
fed Elijah). 



AUGUST 1984 VII 



Constantino Brumidi's The Apotheosis 
of George Washington (1865), on the 
Rotunda dome in the V. S. Capitol, 
descends directly from medieval and 
Renaissance Last Judgment paintings 
such as Memling's. George Washington, 
looking faintly queasy about his deifica- 
tion, rides the rainbow, apparently pass- 
ing judgment. Below, Lady Liberty 
scourging the enemies of freedom. 




Even without political and religious 
motives, it's not easy to get the rainbow 
right, as witness Eric Sloan 's Weather 
Mural (1976) at the Air and Space 
Museum in Washington, D. C. Sloan spe- 
cializes in meteorological illustration yet, 
like many before him, gets it wrong. Any 
rainbow is sheer sunlight, and all sun- 
beams and all shadows point to the cen- 
ter of the rainbow, like spokes on the 
wheel. Sloan 's sunbeams, however, slant 
away from the center of the bow. 



In what has come to be called The Rainbow Portrait 
(attributed to Isaac Oliver, c. 1600, Private Collection, The 
Marquess of Salisbury), the rainbow becomes a divine 
talisman, in the hand of Queen Elizabeth I. The meaning 
would be clear to her contemporaries: Because she holds the 
rainbow, she has been divinely vouchsafed the right to rule. 
Indeed, the motto (barely visible) says, "No rainbow without 
the sun." That is a perfectly satisfactory statement of 
meteorological fact, but also a statement that the right to rule 
comes from Christ (the sun). 



VIII ALUMNI MAGAZINE CONSORTIUM 



Over the centuries, the rainbow has 
emblemized beauty, peace, a link 
between Earth and heaven, a link 
between now and eternity. And being 
such a powerful symbolic device, it is 
naturally used to huckster. In any given 
shopping day the alert observer, or the 
not so alert observer, can see a hundred 
commercial rainbows — and most will 
have oddly mixed colors. Short of the sun 
itself, the rainbow has been exploited 
commercially with more visual noncha- 
lance than almost any non-living object. 
Witness: There are more than 100 Rain- 
bow Motels and Hotels in the U.S. and 
Canada, more than 200 Rainbow Bar 
and Grills. Cigarette ads. Follow the 
rainbow of CBS Sports. Jesse Jackson 's 
"Rainbow Coalition." You'll find dozens 
of rainbows in any bookstore. The 
Hewlett Packard HP45 graphics com- 
puter is portrayed as the pot of gold at the 
end of the rainbow. 

The irony is, as the Observer's Guide 
explains, that the rainbow flees when 
pursued. It is unattainable. The com- 
mercial artists get even the symbolism 
wrong. 





AUGUST 1984 IX 



What's at the 

end of the rainbow 

puzzle? 



The rainbow has always inspired 
awe and puzzlement, sometimes 
joy and worship. But just as often, 
the bow has been seen as a harbinger of 
doom. For the Norse, the rainbow was 
Bifrost. the bridge between heaven an