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42858.S 4 



II ttfWO L 




• •«••• • •* 





brrBODUCTioN. Br Edwin Percy Whipplk xi 

FmrnwACMB axd Dkoicatioxs iiv 

L brrKODUcTORT, concbrkino thx Fbuiorbb op the Chuz- 

ZLBwiT Family 1 

IL Whkrkiic ckbtain Pbbsons are presented to the Reader, 




THE SAME Terms as in the last Chapter 37 

IV. From which it will appear that if Union be Strength, 
AND Family Affection be pleasant to contemplate, 

ABLE Family in the World 46 

V. Containing a full Account of the Installation of Mr. 
Pecksniff's new Pupil into the Bosom of Mr. Peck- 
sniff's Family, with all the Festivities held on that 
Occasion, and the great Enjoyment of Mr. Pinch . . 67 
VI. Comprises, among other importaxt Matters, Pecksxif- 
FiAN AND Architectural, an exact Relation of thr 
Progress made by Mr. Pinch in the Confidence and 

Friendship of the new Pupil 91 

Vll. In which Mr. Chevy Slyme asserts the Independence 

ok his Spirit: and the Blue Dragon loses a Limb . 107 
VIII. Accompanies Mr. Pecksniff and his chakming Daugh- 
ters to THE City of London; and kelatks what fell 

out, ui-on their way thither 124 

IX- Town and Todgers's 136 

X- Containing strange Matter ; on which many Events in 
this History may, for their good or evil Infliknck, 


XI. Wherein a certain Gentleman becomes pahticulak in 
HIS attentions t<) a ceutain Lady; and more coming 
Events than one cast theik Shadows before . . .181 
XII. Will be seen in the Long Run, if not in the Short 
One, to concern Mr. Pinch and Others nearly : Mr. 
Pecksniff asserts the Di<;nity ok ottragkd Viktuk ; 



Rbw>lutiosi Vi 

XIII. Showimu what bbcamb or Mabtim: A»t» m» ncar&aATa 
Kbji«>lvk, ArTKR HK LsrT Mk. Psmsiiirr'ii Hor»B . wma? 

rKKRI» : AnU what NKWII HS HRAIIf» fli 

XIV In whmh Maiktiii mini Aoinr t«> ths>v ow mi* U>«» 

HK IMTICNnfi To MAkK, RT (X>IIMKSll>l»<« NS« T«» «ltt l*»*i^ 

TK«*TI"?I •• 

XV. Ths Hi iiitK?i WHv.KRor. !« Haii. ('olinria! tm 

XVI. Martin nihicMRAiikii friim that morlr ari> »A*T-«Aiti««. 
UNK-4>r-l*ArkKT Ship, "Thr H<-rkw.** at tnr lN»Rf ••» 
Nrw York, in thr rxiTRH Htatra or Amrrm « Ht 

llorikR ; THk rARTirt'LARJl or THtMlR TRARRAC^toRa r% 

XVII. Martin rnlari^rm HmriRc-LR or Aryi- aintamcr ; irc rsa*r» 
HIM Srork oi WifitMiM ; ami> HA* ah rxcrixrht i>rr«*i^ 


oi LivMY Nr.i» or thr Lioht HAU«RrRT. ar rrlatri* 

RT III* KRirNii, Mr. Wiu.iam Simmon* 91 

XVIII. Itor* llt-«iNr*><» with thr ll<»r»R or Ahthont C^Ni-irrLrwiT 

AN|» S4»>, I ROM Willi H oMr or THR PARTRRR* RRTIKK* 
t'N».Vrft.l TRIiM lU 

XIX. Thr Kr%i»kr i<» rium «.iit i^ro fowrNic atio« with •«»«■ 

rh(»rR««loK %| |*»KMi^«, ANI» ttllRlM A Trar «•«»■ TWt 

rii.1%1. I'irti or «.«miii Mr. JoN%ft . . ST 

XX. U A <'ii«rTrii of \a*m 

XXI- MoRr A«>iii< \^ F.Yi'i itiiLN< R» : Martix tarr* a Tartrrr, 

ANIi «%KI« % ri|t(ll%»R; MiMR A< <'«*t-^T or KdK«. A* IT 
API'l. «ltlli o% r%|'»h ; %t^» or TH» Britian LioR ; ht.^* 
or THK Rl«t> ••! Mt4f\TIIV rRorr.MKI* \%f RNTRRTtlRRt* 


XXII. From which it wii.i. nr «ici^ that M«rtin Rtt ftMv « 
LifiN f»N Hm OWR Af <<trNT ; t«m«kthrr with tnr ktftw>m 

WIIT . . . . ... 

XXIII Martin ani» hi* l*«RTNrii T%Rr Po^^rmiion or thkir R»- 

T«Tr; thr jovri'i. 4N<«»tf»N tN\oi.vr» mimr ri rtmrr 
.\«<or«T «»r Fi»rN . 

XXIV KrrviRT* l*R«M.iti*« in rrRT«iN ii'tRri i Mattrr* c»t l^>% ■. 

lUTRriN JRtHMftT. ANU K>%llN«.» 
XXV t» IN r«RT l*R«>l R»»|o«%| ; %%i* riRNI»Hff» Tllll lt» «!>•> 

WITH MiMt ««iiANi.i Hint* in Rri.«Tio« to tn» Ma%- 
«««r«»NT or ft Si« R I'HftHNrr. 
XXVI An iNNvrt* Ttt> Mkntini*. ani* % pRtntiftiNi. |*iMMr«« t 

XXVII HMoWIIII* THftT ( KrI»N|M may N«*T i*N| 1 ArPRftR WITH 

N'k« Fain*, nit in Kfti.aii rii|ii«M«- that l*«i>rt » arn 

rR*»«r T«* NITN . ANfi TMftT HiTNN* MAT MtMRTtHR* •» 
XXVtII Mn Mi*NT*t*lt AT IfoUft , ftttli Mn JoNA* rNlffffl.RWIT 

ftT ll«iM» ... 4rt 


XXIX. Ix WHICH SOME People are Precocious, others Profb»> 
sional, and others mysterious : all in their several 

Wats 484 

XXX. Proves that Changes may be rung in the best-reou- 
LATED Families, and that Mr. Pecksniff was a spe- 
cial hand at a Triple-Bob-Major 4!i5 

XXXI. Mr. Pinch is discharged of a Duty which he never 
OWED to Anybody; and Mr. Pecksniff discharges a 
Duty which he owes to Society 613 




Mb. Pbcksxiff axd the Stranger . . (p. 47) ) 
iotxT Sort of Louoiifos (p. 247) > 

Meekness of Mr. Peckbxtff ahd his Charming Daughters . . 20 
Martin Chuzzlbwit suspects the Landlady without ant Rea- 
son 34 

Pleasant Little Family Party at Mr. Pecksniff's 60 

PncH STARTS Homeward with the New Pupil 80 

Me. Pinch and the New Pupil on a Social Occasion 98 

Mark begins to be Jolly under Creditable Circumstances . . 122 
Mks. Todgkrs and the Pecksniffs call upon Miss Pinch . . . 144 

Tiutr pretails and Virtue is Triumphant 168 

Mb. Joxas Chuzzlbwit entertains his Cousins 194 

Ms. Pecksniff returns from London 220 

Ms. Pecksniff renounces the Deceiver 222 

MiBna MEETS AN Acquaintance at the House of a Mutual 

Relation 232 

Ml. Tapley acts Third Party with Great Discretion .... 252 
Mi. Jepkkrson Brick proposes an Appropriate Sentiment . . . 278 
Mi. Tapley succeeds in finding a Jolly Subject for Contem- 
plation 298 

Thi Dissolution of Partnership 324 

Hi. Pecksniff on his Mission 328 

The Thriving City of Eden as it appeared on Paper .... 374 

The Tiikivino City of Eden as it appeared in Fact 402 

Balm pok the Wounded Orphan 414 

Mis. Gamp has her Eye on the Future 446 


tuT Shaving 484 

Ml. Pecksniff discharges a Duty which he owes to Society . 530 

IW fronti»pieces are from the original drawinjifs of F. O. C Darley. The 
QlostratioDS were drawn by Hablot K. Browne (Phiz). 





Dickens's ^' American Notes for General Circulation " was 
published in October, 1842. In January, 1843, appeared the 
first number of the '^ Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzle- 
wit." The work was continued in monthly instalments until 
itg completion in July, 1844. It was not successful in the 
sense in which " Pickwick," " Nickleby," and " The Old Curi- 
osity Shop" had been successsfuL Instead of a monthly 
circulation of fifty thousand copies, which the author might 
i^tutally have anticipated, it at first obtained a circulation of 
only twenty thousand. The introduction of the American 
scenes, which sadly interfered with the unity of the story, 
^ded but two or three thousand more. 

" The Christmas Carol," published while the larger work was 

^ progress, showed a profit to the author of little more than 

^ven hundred pounds. Dickens accordingly found himself in 

vexatious pecuniary embarrassments. The irritation of these 

^88 increased by a disagreement with his publishers. Chapman 

^d Hall. In September, 1841, John Forster had drawn up an 

agreement duly signed, between Dickens and this firm, to this 

effect: That ''Master Humphrey's Clock" was to cease with 

the close of the romance of " Bamaby Rudge," " the respective 

oirnerships continuing as provided ; and the new work, in 

twenty numbers, similar to those of ' Pickwick ' and ' Nickleby,' 

was not to begin until after an interval of twelve months, in 


November, 1842. During its publication lie was to leoeiTe 
£200 monthly, to be accounted as part of the expenses ; for all 
of which, and all risks incident, the publishers made them- 
selves responsible, under conditions the same as in the 'Clock' 
agreement ; except that, out of the profits of each number, they 
were to have only a fourth, three fourths going to him; and 
this arrangement was to hold good until the termination of six 
months from the completed book, when, upon payment to him 
of a fourth of the value of all existing stock, they were to hafe 
half the future interest. During the twelve months' intervil 
before the book began, he was to be paid £150 each month; 
but this was to be drawn from his three fourths of the profits, 
and in no way to interfere with the monthly payments of £200^ 
while the publication was going on." There was a proviaoik 
added that if — in case of what was then considered an improb- 
able event — the profits of the book should prove inadequite 
to the repayment of the £1800 advanced to Dickens in monthly 
instalments of £150 before the publication of the serial wcnk 
was to begin, '* the publishers were to have power to approprate 
fifty pounds a month out of the £200 payable for authorship in 
the expenses of each number ; but though this had been intio* 
duced with my consent," adds Forster, " I also knew too much 
of the antecedent relations of the parties to regard it as other 
than a mere form to satisfy the attorneys in the case." After 
the publication of the sixth number of " Chuzzlewit," however, 
he tells us that he heard ''with infinite pain that from Mr. 
Hall, the younger partner of the firm which had enriched iteelf 
by * Pickwick ' and ' Nickleby,' and a very kind well-dispoeei 
man, there had dropped an inconsiderate hint to the writer 
of those books that it might be desirable to put the daiue 
in force. It had escaped him without thinking of all that 
it involved ; certainly the senior partner, whatever amount rf 
as thoughtless sanction he had at the moment given to it, always 
much regretted it, and made endeavors to exhibit his regret; 
but the mischief was done, and for the time was irreparable." 

Every reader of Lockhart's life of Scott must remember the 
explosion of rage with which Scott received the proposal of 


ood, the bookseller, to recast the "upwinding" of the 
" The Black Dwarf." The bookseller not only objected 
text as it stood, but, on the advice of some nameless lit- 
erson, ** on whose taste he placed great reliance," suggested 
ine of a better conclusion to the story, and offered to bear 
pense of cancelling the printed sheets if his proposal 
)pted. The blood of Scott literally boiled in his veins. 

James," he wrote to Ballantyne, " I have received 
ood's impudent letter. G. d. his s. ! Tell him and his 
or that I belong to the Black Hussars of Literature, who 
give nor receive criticism. I '11 be cursed but this is the 
ipudent proposal that ever was made." The unaccustomed 
ty of Scott in this missive only shows how fierce was his 
tary resentment of the suggestion, that the bookseller and 
kseller's '' literary man " should presume to sit in judgment 
product of his genius. The rage of Dickens, though the 
itances were not the same, was identical in spirit with 
Scott. The hint of Mr. Hall that the firm might think 
ent to enforce a clause the necessity of which was never 
tied in the original agreement, wounded him to the 

His consciousness of inward power, far exceeding that 
ch he had achieved his previous triumphs, was touched 
lost sensitive nerve. He knew that he was doing some- 
etter than he had formerly done ; he was correspondingly 
i at the suggestion that his popularity was decreasing in 
le ratio in which he felt his genius was increasing ; and 
ly suspected that his publishers were busied with the 
msion that — to vary Macaulay's words regarding Godol- 
'hen that horse-racing statesman feared a counter revolu- 
they had bet too high on Dickens, and that it was high 
r them " to hedge." Dickens's wrath at this insult to 
ional pride, and to his pride as an author, mildly insinu- 
it was, became ungovernable ; for though personally the 
enial and jovial of men among his companions, though 
iiesoming to condescend to anybody, and receiving every- 
le met, whether lord or litterateur, on one level of 
f, he had a morbidly quick sense of personal dignity, — 

ziT DmoDircTSOBr 

m sense aa swift to resent anj slight to his pori ti oi i as a Mtiiy Si 
the haughtiest Somerset or Howard eoaid he toieaent any slii^ 
to his - Order/' He was accordingly intensely offended hy the 
<« hint '' of Mr. Hall, though he had driTm with the firm a 
hargain as hard as any recorded in the annals of ^ the trade." 
<< I am so irritated,- * wrote Dickens to FcMster, '^ so nihhed in 
the tenderest part of my eyelids with hay-salt, hy what I told 
yon yesterday, that a wrong kind of fire is homing Id my 
head, and I don t think I can write/' 

After proposing to make an arrangement with Bradhoiy and 
Evans as his future publishers, he declares that he is "bent 
upon paying Chapman and Hall dowm, ^^ And when," he adcb^ 
** I have done that, Mr. Hall shall have a piece of my mind." 
Guided by the cooler judgment of Forster, Dickens did notcooM 
to an immediate rupture with Chapman and Hall ; and the nego- 
tiations with Bradbury and Erans resulted for the time in a 
disagreement, which Dickens was not in a mood to compromise^ 
for he would not yield to their suggestion as to the expediencj 
of republishing, in a cheap form, the works which had already 
made him famous. 

Indeed, both the publishers he desired to abandon and the 
publishers he desired to adopt were probably more or less uor 
pressed with the notion that Dickens's popularity, in the coene 
judgment of one of his reviewers, had " gone up like a rocket" 
and was now '^ coming down like the stick." Their experienoe 
of numerous contemporary novelists had justified them in dread* 
ing the reaction which commonly follows excessive populari^* 
They knew that the public was quick to discover that many • 
romancer it had at first hailed as a great and fertile genius either 
possessed no genius at all, or had worked a vein so thin that ita 
wealth was exhausted in his first publication, and that all which 
remained was the mere slag and refuse of a mine never veiy 
rich in itself. Chapman and Hall may have had a vague fear 
that the author, to whom they had advanced money, and to 
publisli wliose works they had submitted to exactions such as 
hanlly any otlier author had wrung from a publisher's reluctant 
KHmhI, might turn out to be a Cibber instead of a Fielding, an 


Ainsworth instead of a Scott. Dickens looked confidently into 
his growing genius ; his publishers looked gloomily into their 
recording ledger ; and the result was that the junior member of 
the firm " hinted " a possibility that the public was falling away 
from Dickens, when Dickens felt that his genius was never 
more capable of dominating and enthralling it. Richard Bent- 
ley, discerning the possibilities of Dickens's genius from the 
moment that Sam Weller appeared in the " Pickwick Papers," 
induced him to enter into seemingly liberal contracts for new 
woriw, which the author shortly afterwards was inclined to 
lepadiate as giving a disproportionate share of the gains to the 
publisher ; Chapman and Hall, after granting to the author such 
extremely liberal terms as to excite the admiring despair of the 
whole brotherhood of writers, made the fatal mistake of doubt- 
ing the possibilities of his exceptional genius to pass on to ever 
widening recognition, and ever new triumphs. 

** Martin Chuzzlewit," which never, in its serial form of pub- 
lication, obtained a circulation of more than twenty-three thou- 
«nd copies, afterwards ranked in respect to popularity next 
to *• Pickwick " and " David Copper field." Dickens knew what 
hw pnl>li>hers did not know, tliat since he had gone to the 
Initwl State's his experience of the world liad boon enlarged, 
that a S4*a>on of comparative rest had quickoinnl and (let^pcned 
hL< ):enius, and that lK)th his satirical and his dramatic power of 
d^'pictini; human character an<l human lif«* had become brighter 
ind stn»ng«'r than ever. Indeed, he was himself sometimes 
imaze<l at the growth of his intellect, indicated to him by unex- 
pecteii fertility of imagination, reason, and resource in develop- 
ing? chanicters which he had at first superficially cnnceive<l. 
**A!*to the way," he wrote to Forster, ** in which tliese cliarac- 
ters have opened out, that is, to me, one of the most surprising 
p»oces*«es of the mind in this sort of invention. (Jiven what one 
kaows, what one does not know sj)rings up : and 1 am as ahso- 
taely certain of its l)eing true as of tlie law <»f gravitation — if 
Mcfa a tiling l»e j)ossihK\ more so." Forster very truly aiMs 
ftil this confession *' displays exactly wliat in all liis imiK)rtant 
in was the ver}' process of creation with him." 


Bui the publUherSy having a heavy weight on their shoulden^ 
disturbed by the fact of a limited circulation of a work on which 
they had staked much money, were half blind to the great poB- 
aibilities for the future which an intellectual advance so unmis- 
takable as that from " Bamaby Rudge " to " Martin Chuzsle- 
wit " ought to have impressed on their minds. This progren 
indicated that as long as the faculties of the humorist and 
novelist were vigorous, he would be under no necessity to repeat 
old characters or old incidents, but was capable, like Scott, ol 
creating new characters and new incidents with every new woik 
that engaged the sympathies or antipathies of his ever actife 
brain and ever broadening heart. However high they may luife 
bet on Dickens, there was no real reason in the fear which 
induced them " to hedge ; " for his genius was so evidently 
growing that nothing but inaccurate judgment, based on timid 
policy, could have led them to suppose that it had finally grovm. 
Indeed, this genius went on growing for years ; and the great 
body of the reading public welcomed every additional evidence of 
growth with over increasing delight and ever increasing recogni- 
tion. Those who doubted tlie permanence of Dickens's popularity 
were amazed by its sure and steady advance. The booksellen 
l(M)kod on tlie phenomenon with something of the feeling witli 
which ft skoptical broker surveyed the rise of the New York 
(/ontnU Iliiilnmd in the stock market. As it rose to a preminm 
of ti^i, U) a ])nMnium of twenty, to a premium of fifty, to a pre- 
mium of oighty, the cry constantly was that there must be a fall 
at ou(*h Ht4igt^ of the upward movement Millions of dollars 
won« loHt in H|MHnilating on the probabilities that a stock which 
so rapidly rtme in value must have some equally rapid period of 
t|opn«m<iou ; all the e}c])eriences and all the precedents of Wall 
Street Hustninoil the theory ; and yot every broker who ventured 
to not upon it was ruined. Si^ the reputation of Dickens, con- 
sidennl ns u nuirketable comnuMlity, confoundeil all the calcular 
titmn of tho publisher?*. As a fancy stock it might be safe at 
fifty prtMuiinn ; at eighty pn^mium it was a risk that still had 
in it a prtunino of profit : but when it continued to rise, and 
novor oortwnl to rise until the death of the writer, the bookaellert 


fiiily recognized the distinction between an exceptional genius, 
nch as rarely appears on the planet, and a genius which, lim- 
ited within narrow bounds, soon exhausts its resources and its 
power to attract. The publishers who purchased Dickens at his 
own high yalnation made more money than the publishers of 
miny good authors who were content with a comparatively 
modest remuneration, just as those capitalists who invested in New 
York Central at its highest price found themselves better off, 
in respect to dividends, than those who invested in Erie, or 
Wtbash, or Milwaukee, or Northwestern, at fifty or eighty per 
eent below par. The parallel might be extended to many other 
departments of business. It is sufficient to indicate that a pop- 
nUr author, continually growing in genius, is like a railroad, or 
lay other company, continually growing in resources and busi- 
Mn. It is not so much what is paid, as the percentage of 
letom on what is paid, which concerns either the publisher or 
tbe broker ; and the sagacity displayed in either case is the test 
by which we decide on the business capacity of the publisher 
who appreciates the intrinsic value of a man of genius whose 
powers are continually expanding, and the wisdom of the broker 
who intimately knows the value of a railroad whose trade is 
«t«dily remunerative and whose lucrative " connections " are 
constantly extending. 

It b therefore plain that Chapman and Hall should not, as 
tten of business, have dropped that ** hint " which alienated 
from them the most popular novelist of the age. If they had 
considerately overlooked a transient pause in his immense 
popularity, and wisely humored a transient irritation of his 
offended pride, they would be thousands of pounds richer than 
thev are now. 

The moral of the whole matter is this, that when a publisher 
has di0covere<i a ** Big Bonanza," a real ** Virginia Consolidated " 
Bine, he should not be frightened by occasional irregularities in 
the amount of the annual receipts. He should have sense 
tBoogh to fasten his attention on the exceptional richnt^ss of tlic 
?■■• It is only two or three times in a century that a genius 
Bfci thai of Dickens is discovered, or that it is at first appreci- 
hf those who wish to profit by its fertility. 



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j^orce directing the opinions of the public as well as contribut- 
ng to its amusement, and the introduction into each succeeding 
"omance of a deliberate attack on the abuses of some depart- 
nent or institution of the government of his country, made him 
x)nsider the publication of one of his serial stories an important 
incident in the progress of social, legal, or political reform, 
which the praise or blame of critics could not seriously affect. 
Self-absorbed in his sense of the primary claim of his own 
writings to public attention, he became autocratic in his relations 
to the non-Dickens portion of the literature of his time. He 
insensibly gathered round himself a clique of sympatlietic ad- 
mirers, emancipated himself from the control of independent 
minds, and, strong in the feeling of his own genius, contemptu- 
ously disregarded all those who censured his faults, and hardly 
vouchsafed more than a protecting nod to those who rapturously 
extolled his shining merits. The public, instinctively recog- 
nizing him as an original genius, pampered every caprice into 
which he wandered, submitted to every pretension in which he 
indulged, tolerated even every assault he made on its cherished 
prejudices, because he had the power to make it laugh or cry at 
Ms sovereign will. Strong in the impregnable position he had 
thus established in the public mind and heart, he could ailbrd 
to be indifferent either to censure or panegyric. 

The purpose that Dickens had in view in writing " Martin 
Chuzzlewit " was to exhibit the master passion of solfisliness in 
the wide variety of character in which it finds expression. The 
niore subtle as well as the more obvious aspects of this passion 
he intended to represent in persons who agreed in being selfisli, 
however widely they might dilfer as respects birth, manners, 
fortune, country, tast^, cultivation, intellect, and conscience. 
Selfishness is the central idea of the story ; and I^-cksniff was 
onginally designed as the central character, around whom mere 
selfish brutality like that of Jonas ('huzzlewit, and the more re- 
fined, the more remote, selfishness of self-will as embodied in the 
elder and younger Martin Chuzzlewit, might revolve, with any 
number of satellites, large and small, in their train. Considered 
however, as an artistic work, the romance is very imperfectly 



rniintnirt«*il. Wlion In* lint ]iut |n*ii U\ pafM^r, thr auth<ir kr.'w 
hilt ^iMifHil ilfhi^ii : liiit till- ili*vrlii|iiiii'iit (if thr |ili»t, th« nai.i* 
of thf iiini It'll tH, wiTi* (IcUTiiiiiii'tl |ty rhiiiu'i' i»r iM]iniT* a* .*# 
wriit oil uiili liJH wnrk. It iiiiiv lii'n* U* i«aiil that afur "< ;. j 
/h-wit " h«' wriitr iii» tiii\i*l without tii>t ftiriiiiii^; in hi- •••:: 
iiiiiiil uii iiit4>)h;:<*iit U'^iiiiiiii^. iiiiihlh'. uii«l I'liil ; luit \u thi^ •<<' 
iif hl^ iiHiot lii-hu'htfiil rHMtioiii.. In* wiiiuh-n'tl on without kt. « 
111^ III iii|\.iI|i-«' wlit-ri* h*' u:iN to roiiir iiiit, illi<l w.u* itiilt^l tr^ 

)Mirrii>«-«'*l with a rrowil of rliiir:i*'t«-r^ «h(»M> iiltiiiiuti' i|r.«tin« «&• 
n* uiiM-fii hv hiiii ii"* it UiiA )iv hii ri'ivliTf*. Ili!« An** r. ^'. 
hi'i-li«'r», whli-h li-Iitl •"> tiiili'll r.irilii'-*t to thi' ImhiW. Hi'M* U**i '^ :. 
tfiiiphitf-il u'riiii \i*' l«7;iii It ; iiml hi* w.u* iiitii thr i*l<>r\ >• 
fon* h«* h.itl ••ht.iiiii'l a I li'.ir iil*'a of itn {i]i|iro|»ri4tf I'lini hi-, t 
hnt. Ill 111 t)it' ** I 'irk \« irk l'.iiHr«.** till* with* ruti);i* of iii Mrc: 
mill'tiT iiM-r mIu'Ii In* riMiiii-«i :it uill mw* a ]**«'iiliAr i^ 
viiiil\. ^|Ml||t.lIl•■lty. iiiiil fr"ln'-'iijiini''.". !•! hi» p-iiiu<«. — ac^r.::« 
will- h u.i^ ixili.i]!-! iii\i-r o<> iiiirtli-|<i<>\i'kiii;: a- wtii-ii i! • yf 
\*'t\m-t\ iltf '-i'liiil" wlii'li III' I :lii\.it4i| -• u^f i«f arti-ii(' «I'V r.rz. 
iifl«iv*.ir'i'. I Ml- <i.iiii|' \* -^ii I -IV. " iiu|N.^'i«il.'* 

W I Hill 't til' !• f>ii I- K .4I •• M.iiti!i I 'liii//li'» It " m th«- •; :r.s 
III hIiiiI. It >\ I- uriltti. A -'r* i"-!!!! \iith A!ii«*rii-.iii« i* .U 
I'ari'.it'iti if tiii |m..|iIi- ..f t|,i- I niti>l* •«. In lhk*r.»'« 
li-l Iri<iiii]<ti u )i tiiri-M;:ti tin- •••mtrx. at .m ml* r:ir« tat;«« 
ri'i'h-r '■( ill- ''Wii U'-rk-. li»- i:.i|i. in .1 fi-w iiiiiii!K*», t'l,i».iiiBi .r, 
\: i i. I --.rii 1 ir;.'<-r tLin \'>>rii.t(:i |.!iii->ilii rt-ri-iMMl .}iirxii^ ks* 

f ' • '. • IT " .. I . |. . I >.!•[«■: J. t.t -f thf !»• p'l*il|. , wlii n thr ^rfj 

• i '.'..• !»• .^ .: ^* f III •!'.• -ti-ii. I ii\i l<t]«-il a- ;l «a« 

-! r- i ! r- 1:. i »■■ . -I In .1 mi-U )«4n'(:jrt 

■.. II. N. .* ^••k. ii rl:.::!. I 1.1* ** AlU* n-AB 

11. I 







'.!.• >i> 

\ii.« ri« 111 I* •'|.1«« , \*iX 
-••'.."\ !•• r* ii.«ii.^« r th^t t)a# 

1 * * •' :.« r i; < ir. ;i i!i- !,." I^i? m 

. • . '- ; . " w!.i' h .\-M'!: * l««i 
X'.: :..•.: In *■ Martin ( hut- 

• • ■ I • • . 


ilewit " Dickens appears personally as an enemy to our whole 
republican system as embodied in the men and women then liv- 
ing in the country. He breaks out, after a deliciously htimor- 
ooa aooount of the Watertoast Association of United Sympa- 
ihiaeis with Daniel CFConnell, in a diatribe worthy of " the 
jonng Colombian " or of Elijah Pogram himself. " Who think," 
he says in reference to ordinary American patriots, '^ that cry- 
ing out to other nations, old in their iniquity, 'We are no 
worse than you ! ' (No worse !) is high defence and 'vantage 
ground enough for that Republic, but yesterday let loose upon 
her noble course, and but to-day so maimed and lame, so full of 
aores and ulcers, foul to the eye and almost hopeless to the 
aeiiM, that her best friends turn from the loathsome creature 
in disgust." Again, when in leaving the United States, Mark 
Tapley suggests to young Martin that if he were a painter, and 
were called upon to paint the American eagle, he should '^ draw 
it like a Bat, for its short-sightedness ; like a Bantam, for its 
bragging ; like a Magpie, for its honesty ; like a Peacock, for 
its vanity ; like an Ostrich, for its putting its head in the mud 
and thinking nobody sees it." To this description, Martin can 
only hope that it might also be drawn like " a Phoenix, for its 
power of springing from the ashes of its faults and vices and 
soaring up anew into the sky ! " 

Whatever may be said against the United States, there is a 
general prejudice, supported by tlie fact that the emigrants of 
many nations have found it for their interest to act upon it, 
that the country possesses millions on millions of cheap, rich, 
and wholesome land, by cultivating which a EiirojKjan peasant 
easily becomes a member of what Disraeli happily styled "a 
territorial democracy ; " but in reading '* Chuzzlewit " an Eng- 
lish farmer would suppose that the unoccupied land of the 
United States was like the swamps in "Eden,"^ where young 
Martin and Mark Tapley reaped no other harvest for their 
labor than malarious fever. The animus of the hook, whether 

1 Mr. Fornt^T Keemi to think that Pickens found his Eden when travellinpf 
WcumI from Harriitburf^h to PittMbur^h, but his own doc-riptiun of Cairo in 
NoUMf chapter xii., is much more suggestive. 


rials launched against him by our Jefferson Bricks, were duly 
•ent to him — " Per mail. " The result was what might have 
^^^^ expected. Dickens was enraged ; but he saw that the 
peculiar powers in which he excelled all living men were more 
than a match for the facts, the arguments, and the declama- 
tions of his opponents. At the present day, we have forgotten 
the solid as well as the screaming newspaper articles which 
«tung him into retaliation, while we still heartily laugli over 
the monstrous caricatures of American life and character in 
which his humorous rage found expression. 

The contest only illustrates one of a hundred instances, in 
which a man, whose wrath finds a vent in humor, is manifestly 
more effective in addressing the public mind, than a man whose 
wrath comes out in direct appeals to passion and prejudice. 

Dickens impersonated his newspaper opponents in Colonel 
Diver and Mr. Jefferson Brick of "The Rowdy Journal," with 
an oblique reference to meaner adversaries in "iSie New York 
Sewer." The names themselves were efficient; and the way 
in which the humorist impersonated his sarcasms by making 
them alive, and represented them as walking the streets of 
New York in company with resjx^ctable citizens, clearly demon- 
strated how feeble are imi)assiuned declamations against deli- 
cious drolleries. 

With a kind of gleeful malice, Dickons put language into 
the mouths and pens of his enemies which only humorously 
exaggeratinl the language in which he was himself denounced ; 
and he |)erforme<l this trick in so effective a fjisliicm that 
Americans joined with Englishmen in laughing at tlie Ameri- 
can eilit4irs who were so savagely earnest in vindicating tlie 
cause (*{ their country against its humorous assailant. There 
i«, inde«*d, no ferocity of invective, though it combine the 
point and venom of Junius witli the passion and imagery of 
Burke, that can withstan<i a humorist, wlio retorts by iiidivi- 
dnalizing bis oj>j)onents in j)icturesque forms of ludicrous char- 
r, in which all their declamations and arguments are, by 
exaggeration, turned against themselves, and they are 
ridiculous by the simple process uf heightening every 


extravagance of their rhetoric, and hy caricaturing every pe- 
culiarity of their method of argumentation. In this way he 
answers his antagonists by adopting their general mode of 
attack on himself, — makes the attack ridiculous by adding U> 
its fierceness, — and, penetrating into the camp of the enemy, 
stimulates an insubordination which is expressed in roars of 
laughter, and rouses a mutiny which finds the most dangerous 
of all outlets, that of sneers and jeers of contempt. As long 
as declamations and arguments are answered by corresponding 
declamations and arguments, the controversial battle goes on 
according to the established rules, with a good hope that the 
most brilliant rhetoricians and the ablest logicians will win; 
— but when the power of humorous characterization comeB 
into the controversy, then Artemus Ward is an adequate offset 
to Calhoun, and Mark Twain more than a match for Webster. 
A joke is of small effect in itself; all orators and statesmen 
occasionally rondescend to a jesting mood; but a joke happily 
embodied in character, a joke which caricatiires a weak point 
in the personality of a statesman, a joke which felicitously hits 
some defect in his nature which multitudes instantly recognize 
when it is vividly presented to them by a great humorist, is 
more than a joke, because the moment it is appreciated it 
becomes a power. 

It would be useless to deny that Dickens had some founda- 
tion of truth on which to base his droll characterizations, not 
only of Colonel Diver and Mr. Jefferson Brick, but of Zephaniah 
Scadder and Hannibal Chollop, of La Fayette Kettle and 
General Choke, of Elijah Pogram and Captain Kedgick, oi 
Mrs. Hominy and Miss Codger ; but still the question remains, 
why he should have deliberately selected for representation 
only the rascality and foDy of the country, of which he coulc 
have had but a slight knowledge, and pass over the men o- 
sense and honesty wliom he daily met? Few tourists fron 
England ever had a fairer opportunity to become acquainted 
with honorable American gentlemen, whether merchants, mana 
facturers, lawyers, jurists, statesmen, scholars, soldiers, or mei 
of letters. He availed himself of this privilege ; but when h< 


oame to reproduce his experiences as a romancer, he turned 
inde from all the respectable men with whom he had associ- 
ated, in order to fasten his attention on whatever was most 
bafceful, depraved, despicable, and it may be added, laughable, 
in the nation which received him as an honored guest. One 
reason for this strange oversight has been already stated. He 
vas irritated at the scurrility lavished on him on account of 
his ** American Notes;" but another reason still remains to be 
stated. He found himself in a country where all people who 
Qould read seemed to be more familiar with his creations than 
VBre his own countrymen. Millions of copies of his books 
v«re distributed through the whole length and breadth of the 
land. He was surfeited with praises of his genius ; and natu- 
nUy asked why he, practically a poor man, should not have 
in this country a copyright, however small, on the products of 
Ua genius f Most of his entertainers, though warm in their 
idmiration of his creations, gave him but slight hope that the 
creator thereof would ever be protected here in the property of 
his works. He wrote to Forster in May, 1842, from Niagara 
Fills, that there were two obstacles to international copyright. 
The first was the delight of an American in getting the better 
of a man in a bargain, — of " doing " him in a matter of busi- 
ness. The second was the universal national vanity. In re- 
gard to the first, he oddly believed that an essential part of the 
pleasure which an American derived from the reading of a 
popular English book, was the fact that the author got nothing 
by it. " It is so dar-nation 'cute — so knowing in Jonathan 
to get his reading on those terms. He has the Englislinian 
•o regularly on the hip that his eye twinkles with slyness, 
canning, and delight ; and he chuckles over the humor of the 
page with an appreciation of it quite inconsistent with, and 
•put from, its honest purchase. The raven hasn't more joy 
eating a stolen piece of meat, than the American lias in 
ing the English book he gets for notliing." As to the 
■eeond class, the elevated class of Americans, he t^^lls his friend 
they are glad to see a {)opular English author, who has 
Ibe admiration of an American public; "they tlock alx>ut 


lt:i:i. iii'l I'll li:!i. lliil ll.t ; ii.- L' !■■ Im ! : 
.-li I* li' -^ ■ I'l" Iijili'k In-iil- ii| ill lu'lil lit I.' I.!'. : • 

f ijf il'il .i-""l.i!.- I. -.Ui:- li .11 It-I ili!l\ ill'.' f .1' 

ll.i :;.' U»-, .ili'i !■■• :i w i \ 1 -. ;il.i ■ ii.i'lf« h i' :. ■ • ' 

till II, i»»- ^ hi- i\ . I Ip • li- • 4:i"l • :.i ■..!.!■ I.' I \ 

!i i\ III," !• I'l l.:ii.. .i:i<l ii.|'\'i !.:■.. !.::ik U \'. '•■ 
t|p:r ij-;-!. . . i': !i !.■■ iM -ill..- l-i tli. ...'■. r W 
III ii- ;■ M, :■ ■ l!i]< I -. •-! •■•':i •, i !:»■ r- ■ ■■ . ■.' ■■ 

■-I-I •la'll 111 (i. I. '•■•■.! *■> • • 

J". • ■ 


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■ . .■ :•.■.: ' : I.' \:.. I : 

■ ■ : ■ ■ • . ■ :. .1. i : 



I t 



M . . M I 




■ 1 



I , 


Warmed if it ain't Dickens ! * and stood in a group of five 
Americans / But the pleasantest part of the story is that they 
▼ere, one and all, glad to see him ; that their chief man, or 
leader, who had met him in New York, at once introduced 
them all round with the remark, * Personally, our countrymen 
and you can fix it friendly, sir, I do expectuate ; ' and that, 
tliiough the stormy passage to Genoa which followed, they 
▼ere excellent friends." Dickens's account of what followed 
reminds the reader of a narrative by Mark Twain. The mem- 
ber of the American company who had the travelling diction- 
ary would not part with it, though he was sick in a berth 
oext to that of Dickens. The latter heard, now and then, 
^ American travellers coming down to their leader with the 
qaehtions: **Isay, what's French for a pillow?" "Is there 
*Dy Italian phrase for a lump of sugar? Just look, will 
Youf" "What in the devil does echo mean? The garsong 
••V8 echo to everything. " They were " excessively curious to 
know, too, the population of every little town on the Cornice, 
wd all iU statistics, perhaps the very last subjects within tlie 
capacity of the human intellect that would ever present them- 
selves to an Italian steward's mind. He was a very willing' 
feUuw, our steward; and having some vague idea tliat they 
▼ould like a large numljer, said at hazard fifty thousand, ninety 
thoui^nd, four hundred thousand, when tlioy asked alM)ut tlie 
papulation of a place not larger than Lincoln's Inn Fields. 
And when they said No?? y>as,«f /^//' / (wliich was the leader's 
invariable reply), he doubled or trebled tlie amount, to meet 
whiit he supposed their views, and make it rjuite satisfaetorv." 
Tlie English scenes, incidents, and characters of "Martin 
Clmzzh?wit " are generally in Dickens's ])ost manner. The 
writ«*r <»f tliis Preface, in a lecture delivered over thirty years 
ago, remarked in allusion to the satire of the novel, that "as 
Americans wo have a decided advant!i''e over our transatlantic 
friends, even in the matter of W^ing caricatur<Ml by the novelist 
whom b*)tb are rivals in admiring: for certainly if there K* any 
:ter in which Dickens has seized on a national trait, that 
it is Pecksnitf, and that national trait is English." 



F<ir>li-r, in H|i«>:ikiiiK nf 'Mln* iintiiiiiHhin^ fun an«l nur 
iif tlic AiiK'tiiMii M'fiii'M, iuIiIh tliiit till* Aiiii*nraii4 
|V«■k^1llt^ lit iiiiy rati'. \*r^**\ in a nifirt* imi-Mtni'iiA »v; 
tlii'ir F^lt*n, nf ^r«Mti>r, nlili-r htiiiulin^, un«l iiiin-li li^ri 
ilrailn-il, iVrk-nitt m:l-> all mir nwn. Tin* rtMifiNii*' 
I'lirniira^iit^ til natinnal |iriili\ Ixit tliiii i'h«iriii-t*'r i 
Kii^'li-ii, tiiiit t)i«>ii^'li iiiir i'i>untrynii>n ar«* .i< n nili* ^\ 
|*ri-k»ni(l*>, till* rilling wrakiio- i-« t<i ('iiUMtfnani'i* .tn>l • 
tli»* r.i'i". Wlii-n |M'ii|ili. j-.ill till' rliar.irti-r t x.jjj-^ir 
|ir«<tii-t till* lnii"4 art' \»»t )>rMai| tn ili-rcni* .in\ 
• •iil\ ?• fM«i\ naturally •'hmi-K'li, tn •^anitinp in a U^'k 
tlii'ir lixtx 1^ |i.c*M'i| in tiiliTatin^; if nM in wiir»i 
K'ii-ti r iinli-iil h.iil >«t!iiM ilittn 'ilt\ in ih^-iiailink: I**.* 2 
|irintin^ tlii- iiiKitn i>ii tin- titlf }i.ii:i' ^f t)i«> U*«'k 
li<iiiit<' tiif -I i-ni", v«tur-i-l\ •••» till- a«tiir-, Im-pv" an«l I 
tin* 'Lim:!^ .i» U'll a** tlic M^'nr aipj •ii-<-i'ni!:i« Tit ff ]i 
t.ikih^' f'.i till- ••■iitiil l.;.'Mrf i'f a lal'- "f • \!-l:iiL' l:f' 
-l«i k, 'I lii!..'. •imliiij i'^ ■ J"ii " a- l*«'k'liilf 
till' \i\;'l {•!• -t lit it ixii •■( -':> )i a li iti ful \\\m' .-i 
I*- ';r.'i:tu' iii -ill ■-:'I:i-, iii'l |"'j-i»iiii.j ill -■-•.•Ijf- 
il i)«--;r.!-. -} ■■■il-i '• I ii.K« 1 .iii."ii»: ti.xnlitil |Mlrii' 
A' " 1*1' '»*« ■' ^'' i!» ' ii » '■ • ■■«■»• » -^ i.'it\ III •■( i.'\ *-■ 
■••• " !*• • k-iiitt. Ill " III )»'"i:.i tlii- \ti>r>i )<y *• I' if lli«' Kl:j'. -ii I I '■ -tU'lii i! '..'•■ ill'l ^ 1 i-l 
.-i; - .f ill f III.- • f I •.:■■■■: .'\ . tlj- Ml- I'!'- !• T! "i-. 
• \!. ::. il •■( III ■■• li ! ■. th-l *- IP \ -l' !:■ •■. ri.« • 'i ir n !• 
t. .!•.:.-• ii« ;.! .1- r- ■■!••>• '.^t-l '■\ I »:■ ki1.-« I" •!• ■ •■: v •• 1 
lti!;. I ■- i|...i\. !;. ..nil if i.'i.i -I jH-i-lt 111 .-1 
\i,'. ;-:--'ii "Ail* 111- '...'* !'• ' K ii;i!. iii-l lit-* ni»l l""«ii 
|.\ I M ii. ii.'. !-.iiit -. :., \ y* 4 I* :■■■:! »li"-f » \;- i 
)■ I h • \t |t •!;• I". l:"ii;'' 1. In li '■ !i« ! :* ■ :- Ti ^-ri- -• :•! i! : 
«• f:t .!!> !.!ii f- • lliK» ♦ \- 1 iiT .!i^- -A :' 'i T '.I- -l,r« »•! i:. 
n|.i i: }.. r. Aj.i1. li\ « ' .■:.«:!.•• 1^ r. ! »- il.\!.-- 
niiilf."!:* I- tl..- ■•■.!. il. -l' T- t ,'■ ;. •. it ;r.- :... . t- 
•tn-tl-. Ill *'i!.K- III i -M ^ i.-' •• . •■'.;:• l.t ' n.. 
uf |i)iil.tnt} r ::-:-, ^^■ k:- ■* t^.i! '• • i i- iii iil\ ••■r.- 

minU Ai\*\ Im-Iv uinli • m> !• - Kim. r • -!:*i mtc ylMf 


honor, and profit as a preeminently " respectable " man, — a 
man soft in manner, incapable of anger, loftily moral though 
with a lamb's gentleness, embodying in himself all that hypo- 
crisy can mimic of the austere integrity of the old Puritan and 
the expansive benevolence of the modern philanthropist, and 
indeed a perfect Judas in everything but this, that, after receiv- 
ing his thirty pieces of silver, he has not the grace to go out 
and hang himself, but invests the thirty pieces in a good divi- 
dend-paying stock, and then, serenely smiling on the gulls who 
hasten to do him reverence, talks to them beautifully on the 
obligations of the moral law, and of the sure rewards which 
wait on a life mainly devoted to following out the precepts laid 
down in the gospels. It is excessively difficult to punish this 
kind of sinner ; his bland temperament teaches him to suppress 
all the signs of resentment which a man with a bit of blood, or 
heart, or soul in him instinctively reveals when his roguery has 
been suspected or exposed ; and to all obloquy he opposes that 
apparently just reliance on the testimony of a pure conscience, 
a testimony known only to himself, which he confidently ex- 
pects will silence all the noise of eloquent defamation. His 
position seems impregnable, undermined though it be by barrels 
of gunpowder, which have been collected by the industry of 
attorneys and orators; for there seems to be no method by 
which the train can be lighted. Suddenly a simple h()n(»st man 
iQ the expectant crowd suggests the name of Pecksniff, and 
then the explosion is so terrific as not only to blow that excel- 
lent gentleman into the air, but to endanger the lives and limbs 
^^ many of the bystanders. When everything else fails to 
expose and convict a politic and plausible rogue, the mere act 
0* connecting his name with that of Pecksniff insures his down- 
'^; for the mass of voters are well acquainted with the vices of 
''hat personage; they hate him and them so cordially that they 
^ould rather submit to be governed by Mr. Jefferson Brick, 
^^ Mr. Hannibal Chollop, or the Honorable Elijah Pogram, 
'han by that negation of all manliness to which, with a kind of 
^^locious derision, they attach the epithet "PecksnifTian." 
Mr. Pecksniff, up to a certain period in the progress of the 


iNri:«»M I Tii'N 

>ti»iv. Ii;i«» tin* r..-<i.ii L' 1 fi»rtniif of |li»* li\ |»-"T'!«' ::; :•■ 

;i •l!j|ii' \\li'« I- lln- jt'lvfrti-i-r I'f 111- virl^'.t - tn ;;.. w ■: . 

*{".['*• 1^ '('"lii Tmh ll. Il i- |<r>>Yk:(ili- till! I Ui \U \ K- I 
n'j"I« Ml;; (h 111- liiillfy itf ]H 111 !|.tliii;j. with .1 j! ii . ' 

;ill llii- •'Ml-iiii- |iriiiii-i"M- I'f .1 I".:''.' iiii»' il."" :■ '• •■ * 

• •f t'li ti.n ti-i uijiii- lli»- i"i;i'- i"!!-!'!!-! iiiiM-« [I ■• ■• . . 

fp'Ml illi-\i« 'I'l! Ill- I'Wll, hfi .l|"««!iMT llik:*.. ■ ■ 

!■! !• ?i'!. f :.i - <. j';*\ . iJrl I' -:••■' !. f-l I '•■ j" f-'ii '.* .. ' . 
I'M Ii;!. .: 1 " 1:.. I.. l:i \i - li, || i.ll.ti- .in- i . 

n-;*'.! '. ■ • '.:. A- ' ■! 

1-. li . . \; • :i .1 -. !• ■: 
l':i. i.. Ml. 1'- ;. •.;l! :: . 

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illostration of Tom's constant habit of subordinating his own 
interest and happiness to the interest and happiness of others. 
And the worst of it is, that this sublime disinterestedness is 
associated with the idea of a certain unmanly feebleness, so 
that the humble hero and martyr, the one stainless character in 
the book, becomes in the end an object of a kind of compas- 
sionate benevolence, and impresses the reader as a person who 
was bom to illustrate all the virtues of humanity, and to be 
shoved aside whenever any virtue is to be rewarded — on earth. 
Still the portrait is true, — cruelly true. Who, with any ex- 
perience of life, has not met, loved, honored, and pitied, Tom 

Bat the most original, the most " stupendous " character in 
the romance is Mrs. Gamp, accompanied, as she is, by her 
other self, Mrs. Harris. It is impossible for mere criticism to 
do justice to this astonishing creation of humorous genius, — a 
creation which Dickens never afterwards surpassed, perhaps 
never equaled. The most elaborate and minute study of this 
masterpiece can hardly detect a flaw in her characteristic speech 
or conduct. From beginning to end she is "one entire and 
perfect chrysolite, " — Sairey Gamp and nobody else. Forster 
tells us that the original hint of her character was derived from 
a nurse, employed by a distinguished friend of Dickens, to take 
charge of a sick friend. Among other " Grampish " peculiari- 
ties, she had a habit of nibbing " her nose along the top of the 
tall fender." This is all we know of the person who is sup- 
posed to have given the mere suggestion from which Dickens 
created the portly personage, as immortal as Dame Quickly or 
the nurse in Bomeo and Juliet, and who is familiarly known 
^ every quarter of the globe where the English language is 
spoken. Dickens first introduced her to the world in the nine- 
teenth chapter of "Martin Chuzzlewit," and was impatient to 
^ow Forster's opinion of her. "Tell me," he writes, "what 
yon think of Mrs. Gamp? you '11 not find it easy to get through 
*he hundreds of misprints in her conversation, but I want your 
opinion at once. I think you know already sometliing of 
^i^e. I mean to make a mark with her." And what a mark 

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podtionB of the prophet and the whale. She informs Mr. 
Mould, the undertaker, that "the blessing of a daughter was 
deniged me ; which if we had had one, Gamp would certainly 
have dmnk its little shoes right off its feet, as with our pre- 
cious boy he did, and arterwards send the child a errand to sell 
his wooden 1^ for any money it would fetch as matches in 
the lough, and bring it home in liquor: which was truly done 
» beyond his years, for ev'ry individgle penny that child lost at 
toei or bay for kidney ones; and come home arterwards quite 
bold, to break the news, and offering to drown himself if sech 
would be a satisfaction to his parents." In fact we cannot 
ve^rtin, in contemplating the perfections of Mrs. Gamp, from 
puticipating in the enthusiasm of her friend the undertaker, 
whoee business was doubtless increased by her ministrations at 
tbe dck bed. " She 's the sort of woman now, " said Mr. 
Mould to his wife, "one would almost feel disposed to bury 
far nothing, and do it neatly too ! " But the real distinction 
<tfUi8. Gamp, considered as a feat of humorous characteriza- 
tioD, oonsiBts in this, that what she says is less mirth-provok- 
ing than what she is. The sayings may be forgotten by the 
deader; but no reader ever forgets the character. 

But the variety of character in " Martin Chuzzlewit " is not 

njore notable than the felicitous way in which the characters 

•^ brought into contact or collision, so as to produce humorous 

•cenes and incidents. Tlie meeting of the Chuzzlewit relations 

in Mr. Pecksniff's parlor, when the elder Martin is supposed 

to be at the point of death ; the dinner given by the boarders 

at Todgers's to Pecksniff and his daughters; the death and 

burial of old Anthony Chuzzlewit, with all the comically 

ghastly hypocrisies attending them ; the interview Ixjtween 

Jin. Gamp and Mr. Mould; the banquet which enables Tigg 

Montague to introduce Jonas Chuzzlewit to Mr. Wolf, the 

•dilor, and Mr. Pip, the theatrical manager; the parting of 

Mn. Gamp with Poll Sweedlepipe and Bailey Junior, as she 

dqMuis for the country in charge of Lewsome ; the meeting of 

Om Chuzzlewit family on the occasion of tlio proposed marriage 

of Min Charity Pecksniff with Mr. Augustus Moudle; the 

xxjav isTRODrcnox 

qoairel between Mrs. Gamp and Betaej Prig; and the scene 
which Thackeray thought the best in the novel, that in which 
Pecksniff is oYerreached by Uie magnificent impoetor, Tigg, in 
league with the coarse ruffian, his own son-in-law, — are all 
first-rate comedy, even if at times the comedy borders on fane. 
Scattered over the novel, — peeping out, here and there, when 
least expected, — there are felicities, of phrase or description, I 
which give that shock of pleased surprise to the reader which * 
betrays the hand of a master. Perhaps many of Dickens's 
contemporaries might have described equally well the under- 
stood connection between General Choke and Zephaniah Scad- 
der, in the scheme to swindle young Martin out of the little 
money he possessed; but nobody but Dickens could haie 
represented the Creneral as modestly retiring from the room 
where the bargain was going on, seating himself in a rocking- 
chair in the front office, and gazing at the prospect, 'Uike a 
good Samaritan, waiting for a traveller." Again, Tom Pinch, 
with a provincial's distrust of the knaveries of London, dete^ 
mines not to ask of any persons in the streets the way to 
Fumival's Inn, because he suspects he may become the prey 
of sharpers. In case, however, he should find himself near 
the Mint or the Bank of England, he would have no hesitation 
in stepping in and asking a civil question, ''confiding in the 
perfect respectability of the concern." The absconding Augus- 
tus Moodle, in his farewell letter to Miss Pecksniff, declares 
to her, that "frequently — when you have sought to soothe 
my brow with kisses — has self-destruction flashed across me. 
Frequently — incredible as it may seem — have I abandoned 
the idea." Mrs. Gramp could pardon Betsey Prig in many^ 
things, but the words she spoke denying the existence of Mrs. 
Harris were such as "lambs could not forgive nor worms for— 
get." There is something deliciously comical in the gran^ 
style assumed by the transcendental Miss Codger, when she i^ 
introduced to the Honorable Elijah Pogram. "To be pre— 
sented," she solemnly declares, "to a Pogram by a Hominjr, 
indeed, a thrilling moment is it in its impressiveness on wha-* 
we call our feelings I " 


Hie most powerful serious passages in the romance are those 
devoted to Jonas Chuzzlewit, from the time he resolved to 
murder Tigg to the time of his capture after the murder had 
been conmiitted. The sentences throb with the life of all the 
nijing passion they record — hatred, wrath, revenge, hope, 
leir, and despair. Nadgett is a good specimen of the detective 
polioe that follow all the turns and windings of a criminal's 
eoone, in his external acts; but Dickens, a member of the 
deteetiye police of the mind, takes his position in the soul of 
the cnmioal, observes all his emotions, thoughts, and volitions, 
ind oeyer intermits his steady gaze at the phenomena presented 
hj the criminal heart, until the desire to murder, settling into 
the purpose to murder, finds at last expression in the outward 
Mi of murder; and then, still present as a witness of the mur- 
derer's thoughts and passions, he watches and notes all the 
peitorbations of his soul, due not to remorse but to a craven 
iearof discovery. There is no space here to note other in- 
lUiicee in the novel, where this power of observing souls is as 
H^perentas the power of describing their external manifesta- 

Dickens, when he was trying to decide on a name for his 
^vel» discussed with Forster whether it should be Martin 
Sweeielder, or Sweezleback, or Sweezegag, or Martin Chuzzle- 
toe, Chuzzleboy, Chubbelwrig, or Chuzzlewig. Chuzzlewit was 
^^ted at last. The determination to give a quaint title to 
^ book, so that it should of itself excite attention, was carried 
wt in the final choice. * 

' The wrapper to No. 1 of the original serial edition bore the very elaborate 
•^fod: "TiiK Life and Advkxtukes of Martin Chuzzlewit, his Kkl- 
*nvtji, Friexd.s, and Enkmiks, comtrisincj all HI8 Wills and his 
*'AT»: With ax Historical Record of what he did, and what hk 
^^i'l ; showing, moreover, who inherited the Family Plate, who 
^**t IX FOR the Silver Spoons, and who for the Wooden Ladles. 
"tt whole formino a (\>mplete Key to the House of Chuzzlewit. 
■••TlD »Y Boz. With Illustrations by * Phiz.* 

t If 





DirKKNH MiiUnl, or mtlior fit4*amfMl, for thi« rniU 
early in tluiiuury, 1H42. During thf* |>r«*vif»it« nix t 
luui lN*<*n Olio t»f i\w iiKmt racliral of the* Kii(;hf«li liWra 
ing n Tory miction an<l mntriliutin)^ many a ^|Ui)> 
t<i th«* jntirnalis for thr |Mir|MiM* <if aiilin)( Uiiim* wr 
wiTi* U*nt on ci>vi*ring tin* reviving Tory |*Arty witli 
cont4*m|it, antl «»UiM|uy. Om* of Iuh Vi*n>iti«'(l invntn 
**Th«* Kino iM«l Englinh (i«*ntlf*nian, t4» Iw mkI or « 
(*«in.M'rv.itivc ]>innf*n%** in givrn l»y F«>n*trr; ami it \ 
bpirit of wrtith and M-orn agiiiiii«t tin* Tory p*ntry Ahtj 
wliii-li \%«MiM n<»t niiNlH'riiinc n <1iartip»t in Um wiMf«f 
tli«' pn'tt-nHiuiiH |i!it forward liy tlir l*rivili*p'«l t'Lt-M-*. 
in liin rrttit'i'«ni i»f tli«* rnit4>«l Stat«>'« <*(|u«iU it in I 
IndiM'il, ill indij^'nantly hurv«'yiiig tlif |ii*litii\il ••utix 
own onintry, li«« talki»«l to hi^ fririid- *'«»f rarninv; **t 
unil lii-« li<>u<M'lioM pwls lik«* t*orii>l.tiiui, t«i a «• 
wh«'n*! Thank ti««l/* In* rxrlitinit<<|, "!ln'rf i* Van 
Iwind. That V niv comfort. Now I wiimlfr if I -Iim 
u ^'inhI M'ttlfr! I Wonder if I Wfiit t<i a ii*w o>l 
luv hiMil, han<l>s l«trs ami h«*alth, I mIi'MiM fnfrf ni)* 
t..|i «»f th«' •ini.'il niilk-pi»t« and livf n)«in th«« rr»MM 
•!•• you think f r|»iin my wonl I U>lii*\i' I •h<><tM." 
Hot }»• Kiid, tlMT»«fi»r»*, that h** M-t out nn hi* Am«'n 
m*y with any prijudiiv aK'.iin^t n*|iuhlir«in in*tit'iti.i 
tnMihli* With hint wtu* that ho know littlo or iftlui 

wit'iH f ^;'^\••^lm••Ilt, of |Milittra| iNMUiomy, i»r of tl 

Ivin^ lauii whirh, with all tho )»r>*t«Mii i»f indn id 
a thi*u«And variou<« pi»intM of vifw, -till makr hum. 
|wM«thlo. Nature, in lavi-hin^ «»n him •.• man\ |»r*ri 
Ii.kI M*«*n tit i*t ilrny him tuthor th*' pInh'-Mtiihio fi|ti 
|>hiliHi*«|dii(* mind. No man'ii fyi>H wi-n* ki-«*nrr tlu 


detect the minutest details of any subject; but the brain above 
the eyes, the power of generalizing details, of connecting them 
m their right relations, was comparatively left out in his in- 
tellectual constitution* He was a humanitarian and a humor- 
ist; one of the best and most delightful of humanitarians and 
humorists; but he was, in no sense, a philosopher; and to 
vrite anything about the United States in the year 1842, 
vhich was worth the consideration of thinkers, demanded 
powers which he did not possess. This was not the worst 
of it The powers which he did possess beyond any other 
person then living, found but very imperfect expression in the 
"American Notes." 

As to his lack of philosophic grasp of the subject of the 
Uoited States and its institutions, two persons may be quoted, 
M. de Tocqueville and Macaulay. When, in the French 
chamber of deputies, Dickens's book on America was referred 
to, De Tocqueville, in reply, ridiculed the notion that any 
opimoQg of Dickens on the matter in the debate should be 
qtioted as in any respect authoritative. This was the some- 
what contemptuous judgment, passed by the philosophical 
author of " Democracy in America " on the author of " Ameri- 
can Xutes." Macaulay, before the work was published, wrote 
to Macvey Napier, the editor of the "Edinburgh Review," "I 
^h Dickens's book to be kept for me. I have never written 
* word on that subject, and I have a great deal in my head. 
Of course I shall be courteous to Dickens, whom I know, and 
whom I think both a man of genius and a good-hearted man, 
in spite of some faults of taste. " AMien the volumes appeared, 
he gave up the idea of making them even the excuse for an 
Mticle. "This morning," he writes to Napier (October 19, 
1841'), " I received Dickens's book. I have now read it. It is 
"^possible for me to review it; nor do I think that you would 
with me to do so. I cannot praise it, and I will not cut it 
*?• I cannot praise it, though it contains a few lively dia- 
wgues and descriptions; for it seems to be, on the whole, a 
Whre. It is written like the worst parts of * Humphrey's 
QodL* What is meant to l>e easy and sprightly is vulgar 


and flippant, as in the first two pages. What is meant to be 
fine is a great deal too fine for me, as the description of the 
Fall of Niagara. A reader who wants an amusing account of 
the United States had better go to Mrs. Trollope, coarse and 
malignant as she is. A reader who wants information about 
American politics, manners, and literature, had better go enn 
to so poor a creature as Buckingham. In short, I pronounce 
the book, in spite of some gleams of genius, at once frivo- 
lous and dulL Therefore I will not praise it. Neither will I 
attack it — first, because I have eaten salt with Dickens; sec- 
ondly, because he is a good man, and a man of real talent; 
thirdly, because he hates slavery as heartily as I do; and 
fourthly, because I wish to see him enrolled in our blue-and- 
yellow corps, where he may do excellent service as a skirmisher 
and sharp-shooter." 

Macaulay evidently hoped that Dickens's book would be 
good enough to afibrd him an opport\mity of discussing the 
future of the United States, as far as it depended on the opera- 
tion of the principle of universal sufi&age. He had an almost 
comical horror of a government which relied for its support, 
not on property and the intelligence which the possession of 
property implies, but on a wild waste of voters the majority 
of whom had neither property nor intelligence. As long as 
there was an immense extent of unoccupied land in the coun- 
try, he thought the inevitable agrarian catastrophe might be 
postponed; but as soon as the time came when population 
harshly pressed on subsistence, the voting majority would 
destroy civilization, or the voting minority of men of property 
and intelligence would destroy liberty. 

Dickens, in his book, never seriously raised the question, 
for generalization of such compass was not his forte. Macau* 
lay's opinions on this point are therefore to be fo\md, not in 
the "Edinburgh Review," but in his letters to Mr. Randall, 
the biographer of Jefferson. It is curious that all the condi- 
tions which he supposes would destroy our system, either by 
the annihilation o{ property or liberty, have repeatedly ariseo 
when financial panics have thrown the artisans and laborers of 


oar great cities out of employment. The voters, "told by the 
head," have generally gone on voting for their favorite candi- 
dateti even when ignorance and hunger combined might have 
been supposed inducements enough to urge them to seek relief 
by adopting schemes of spoliation; but their elected represen- 
tatives have never dreamed of destroying property, except, 
occasionally, by stealing it under the forms of law The most 
hateful demagogues of our big cities, lifted to power by the 
votes of the ignorant and the indigent, are so gorged with 
public plunder that they would be the last of all legislators to 
remove a single safeguard which protects them in their ill-got 
gaina. What they steal they naturally desire to keep; and 
the most conservative adherents of the principle that property 
is aacied, are the rough and rowdy gentlemen who control the 
votes of the most vicious and miserable inhabitants of our 
metropolitan cities. £ven property in negro slaves, the most 
repulsive, it would seem, of all property, found its hardiest 
defenders in the representatives of the vilest ''slums" of the 
city of New York. There are, on Macaulay's idea of civiliza- 
tion as resting fundamentally on the security of property, no 
more potent advocates of '' Order, " and no more furious assail- 
ants of the eccentric innovators who deHii:e to make Law more 
and more synonymous with Justice, than those legal, re8i>ecta- 
ble, well-to-do rogues, who are elected to ottice and power by 
foolish and ill- to-do constituencies. Most radical measures of 
improvement have their birth in country districts; the cities, 
which might be supposed to be centres of anarchy, are apt to 
be the strongholds of the stupidest conservatism; for there are 
DO champions of proiH?rty more sturdy in affirming its siicred- 
nejM than those who have acquired it by chicanery and theft. 
Macaulay's mistake was in supposing that universal suffrage 
would give every imeducated, needy, miserable, or rascally 
person a voice in the government. In fact the votes of "the 
dangerous classes " are controlled by a f(;w men, ranging from 
the leader of a hundred voters to the leader of a hundred thou- 
A poor, ignorant, suffering, almost starving, const it- 
is the easiest of all constituencies for a skilful poli- 



tiriiiii, whf*tlifr III* U* lioiifst or (li^h•l|lf*|lt, ti> mAnap*. T:. 

\Mt<Tr4 liri' )l<i|lliip*l|rii!lH. It U 111 the f'«lu4Mt<'il uT half-«^i . 

rati'il iliHtrit-tn nf thr ritiiiitry, aiiion^ tin* |ir<i\iil«<iit |if«iplf «:. 
<*jirii tlifir living tM/«il\, uinl lay u|» Miiiu'thiii^ f>ir th** i«wi^^' 
«'Vil ilay tif waul, tliat "tli** hniiiiip*iirouH/' in lli-r^a-rt Sj.:.- 
I't-r'?* |ihriij««\ is iiio-.t M|>i<lly «lfVf'lti|iiMl into "llif h»tfr»v"*-- 
i.,,ii^" — wliii'li In* riinsiilfr<* tin* law of |irivri'— . Tli'-r*- !'* ■• 
rastin^' nf a \tA»' r«'i>rt>>i>nt*« the iqiiniMn nf n min. — i «.!. 
an<l tn«livi<lii.ilitv U-in;: put iiiti» tlif Uill<it-1kix m^ %i«Il ^. & 
|iiiM-i* nf |i:i]MT nil whirh tlii' name tif ji ran««* i« pr:!.!* i 
In fxuh ili-trii-t- till' )M«litii-iun i** tnmMiMl ami Uith*-f«'«! . :* 
li.iH t<i pi tltinii^'h a wlpi)** I'iMirM* nf nifiital >*ynin.i-tii*«, •l-:.-k- 
ui)!^ Iii'ii', liMjMni^ tliiT*', torturing his fraiuf int>< aI. 
kiiiiN lif twi-t-t .iU'\ ttirit->i hilt in tli*- niftn>|ii>Iis, h«* \uu* r..i 
til ('••ii-iiit uit}i a ffW liM<|ir« I'f Kpiniofi, that is nf {■■r-< !•« « *. 
h'M III iht'ir li »H'l-« IIm* \'iti- nf ^••(-.ilii«l iiii|i}m fpititt ■ :!:/•-.. 
.iii-i tin w-:lv 1- •! n»- .1 Mi'itth Uf-'P- iht- r»--'ill i^ -t.i^ ! :-. ! 
p < ffl of \ -li ■ Tli* !• 1- !!■• ti':* -?: 11 lh:»t I'T'ijH rt\ -i:. i . •. 
/iti'ii ir«' ■i\»'l li\ ih:' ji!--. -^. f.-r ihf \'!i'. t!t« -in :. !' •. 
.1' fir i" t!.i- \.lii- iTi I ■■II- • ii.i •! . .iii'l !i"l a sii.^'ji- j^Tir.^- 
iii< I !«•■ I' .li. !• ' I I'. tIi* « !• • ti-Mi nf tin ir r.ini{i>l itt-, wiiftV'- 
h< i"' 1 K< ;• .' !:■ ir> ' I I ^ i . ■• : it If .iii\ i •>iiti«iMti-n ..f yr :• 
•■rt\ ni.Mr- 'iiiU r tin- \~!i!ii, i* i- • ••tiiiifi.U i •••• ili r. f 
t*.i 'A i^'t . I'll •'•uif'-rt- '-f th- I r f«'r lh«- Uii* tit "f t*t. r: :. 



\ I 

■f tlii- " Xji-'T!' Ill N'»!i-," -I'lll !Ii tin- -■.-' 

t ■. I» k'li- « I- •!i»- t ■ hi-. •!• ti-rt:i:!iit. ■. 

' • * ■ '■. \\\ : 1 : i! I • !!.• t, iifl l:'t \" f. -. pj it. 
•./'.'. ■ itt!.': ■: i-t jf ri-'» !■!:■•!;- i!i! »!iv:.'-r» 
• :■■•.. j:.-:: ;i! l:- I.!, f Tii*' *'ihj» • ! i 
il ■ • ■. ■ .:.', ■ :. Mi.--^ !■• ! i>!'- « 1^^«|'i»-:j! ■|-^-:.««. 

'*. : fr- • ! Ill' *-■ k \ ■'■• whil hr r %.t 

■ ■ '". r..* • . iV. r iT V> ■.;\ V. !>!h«' j.'-:r?:'T 

'■ ! **■ 1* ^l . 1 .". r. ■ ■ •:•' •: • • : ■> • r!l:**:«!n w fc\ 

. • I "•■ :• ir- • I -',■ . • ' •' II. l ll.«r»', ^•-.V 

• ■ ' '!■ • "■ : . !* • • 'M/r ii'.f* ?.•■ ■■*ii*« r%' I 

. : *-r.*..:. >!:.•:■ il .i:i>t 4^*:» *• ••, '»l.:h 4'»- ■•: 


his best vein; but generaUj the account of his adventures, by 
stage and steamboat, is but the disappointing record of ^'a 
most scattering and unsure observance." His genius is not 
there. He wrote, towards the close of his journey, to Forster, 
from Niagara Falls, ^'Oh! the sublimated essence of comicality 
that I eauld distil, from the materials I have ! " That distilled 
essence of comicality he reserved for "Martin Chuzzlewit;" it 
is rarely to be observed in the " American Notes. " 

Haydon, the painter, was told by Talfourd that he intro- 
duced Dickens to the insolent Lady Holland. "She hated 
the Americans," according to Talfourd's statement, "and did 
not want Dickens to go. She said, ^ Why cannot you go 
down to Bristol, and see some of the third or fourth class 
people, and they '11 do just as wellf ' " When Dickens 
decided to notice, in his book, none of the first and second 
class of Americans he met, but to confine himself to the third 
and fourth, and only to notice them except as they were his 
accidental companions in a not very extensive journey, it would 
seem as if a jaunt to Bristol would have done "just as well; " 
and that crossing the Atlantic to meet such " vulgar creatures, " 
as My Latly would -have doubtless called them, was a wasteful 
expenditure of time and talents. 

We have therefore to seek in other quarters any adequate 
record of Dickens's impressions of his American journey. 
Forster devotes two hundred pages of the biography of his 
friend to the private letters he received from him; and Mr. 
Fields, in his delightful "Yesterdays with Authors," prints 
the racy letters which Dickens sent to Professor C. C. Felton, 
of Harvard College, during his residence in the United States, 
and immediately after his return to England. "How can I 
tell you," he writes to Forster from ]k)ston, on January 28, 
1842, " what has happened since tliat first day (of my arrival) ? 
How can I give you the faintest notion of my reception here; 
of the crowds that pour in and out the whole day; of the 
people that line the streets when I go out; of the cheering 
when I went to the theatre ; of the coj)ies of verses, letters of 
congratulation, welcomes of all kinds, balls, dinners, assemblies 



witlimit i'IhI ? TIh'P' is Ui !h* a puMir •liiiiK-r l-* i:i» ': ■ - • 

rMi-titl) iTrXl rili'.-«<I.iy, iilltl ^t'l*:!! il|.->iLtl.xf.irtl'>Il h.i» U f :. . . > :. 

til till' iii.iiiy \ty t)i«' hi^li j>rii-t' Mlin-i* |N.Mii<ii* ^tf-riiiv : *. - 
lirktl.-.. 'I'Ipti- i> tu In* ;i ImU lit'Xt Moihlav w«f k i'. N - 
Vtirk, :uitl fill' hiiiniri'd ainl fifty n.iiiifrt .i)>| fii sii* i.-: * 

tli«' i'«t|lllllltt«-i-. TliiTt' 1.^ til !■• ii illlilitT 111 thf N.III1I ]>1 I • . 
till' .•".lllir Wri'k, til mIiIi-Ii I lt:i\r h.lil all Il(\ r..itl<'h, vvi*:. • * 
klliiVMt Ittliii* 111 AlJt*TliM .l|>|M-ll«li*<i til It. . . . I l.i;- . u 
il<liiit.itiiiii^ fr-'iii th«' \V«>t, wli<« lui\<' i"!i.i it- •.. : r 
til. Ill (Uii t)i"iMii>l iitiN -^ ili-tiiirr ; friiiii Um- l.ikt -, !:•• r.i*--. 

tin- Un k\v 1-, lli.- l.i-l.ii'i<.i .-, tin- fitii'*, f.i!.r!«-, \. ....-, 

.iii'i I'lWM.-. . . . * It 1- ii'i ii'n>«'h^i* itifi iiM • ••riiiii'.'i I*'.. .», 
\w-tli' Pr. ( 'ii.iiiiiiiik' t'i iiii- \i-ttpl.iy. * ll I* ill ln.iri. I'..-- 
iii\ir \v.i.-, iiini li' VI r will l»', -I I'll .1 tri'SMij'h." • »f :h» r..*^ 
in* iij't, In- -;- ik- u iriJiiy •■[ tip- jii-.f*--. ir-* .it tin- • »:i ■ • ,* 
I iii\' I -:t'. . I."ii^i' ii- u, T' Il"U, .Iifi'l >ji.iTk-. .k- •* n ♦■.• f 
1..W >-.")• r' i-. "i K. :i\.ii - 1::. ll I. "I:- k!. • l'..-. • ■• 

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somewhat by the jollity of Dickens's writings, still thought 
that his pictures had '^a tendency to awaken sympathy with 
oar race, and to change the unfeeling indifference which has 
prevailed towards the depressed multitude, into a sorrowful 
and indignant sensibility to their wrongs and woes." 

In his progress from Boston to New York he was worried 
and fatigued with attentions. It was only by a hard fight 
with landlords that he was able to pay his bills, — the com- 
mittees of the towns on his route insisting on defraying aU his 
expenses. On the steamboat between New Haven and New 
York, he met again with Professor Felton, who was going on 
to the Dickens dinner and ball at New York. ''Like most 
men of his class whom I have seen, " Dickens writes, ''he is a 
most delightful fellow, unafifected, hearty, genial, jolly; quite 
■n Englishman of the best sort. We drank all the porter on 
board, ate all the cold pork and cheese, and were very merry 
indeed.'' It is curious to those of us who remember the late 
Professor Felton, not only as the most genial of men, but as 
a sturdy American patriot, a Greek scholar of the first rank, 
a President of Harvard College universally beloved by the 
students, to find that IMckens can only compliment him "as 
quite an Englisliman of the best sort," whereas we are inclined 
to remember him as an American "of the best sort." 

It was at New York that, in the midst of ovations, Dickens, 
irritated by newspaper comments on his speeches regarding 
copyright, seems to have begun to dislike his entertainers. 
His American friends advised him not to introduce the subject 
of copyright into his speeches. He appears to have attributed 
to cowardice what was intended by them as judicious advice. 
They doubtless thought the cause he advocated would l)e hin- 
dered rather than advanced by his appearance before tlie public, 
not as a guest of the nation whom all men were eager to honor, 
bat as an English citizen, urging a change in the domestic 
policy of the United States. There is nothing that more 
offends the population of any country than the interference of 
a foreigner with its laws and institutions. Dickens seemed to 
lUnk that there was something noble in the courage with 



whidi ho put at rink Iuh univi'nuil |M)|»ulArityi in «>nlfr t«>t>l] 
tint Aiiii'rican's f<H*<* to f.ic<% thiit thfV w«*r«* guilty «>f tiij*:»t; r 
to ItiiuiM'lf uutl to hin )»ri»tli(*r Kii^lii»h iiutlidni. It n* |iii«*itHtii 
funny t4i ntit«* th«* f;Mn«liliM|iiritt wuy in Hliirh hr iiriir« ;. 
F(trHt«*r. It MM'iiiN that hiM **itu«lai*in!iH ilarin^ ' hii<l ]HiniMi«^i 
hirt fri«*n<U with w<in<i«'r. **Thi* ni»tinii,** hi* miv*. "that I, a 
ninn iil<»n«* hy hiiiiM-lf in Ani«*rini, hlioiiM vt*ntnrf t** •-ii*^*t 
til tht* AnifriiMUH that t)i«>n> wuh nnr |Hiint in whirh th<>y wrr* 
n<-ithfr ju^t t<» tlirir own ciiuntrynion iht t<» u^, artiiall> •ir.- k 
tin* Imltli-.xt dtnuh. Waxliin^ton Irving', l*rfM-i«lt, ll<>!fiuiu 
llryant, n.ilh'ck, lhn:i, WiiNhin^ton AlUton, ••\frY man «:.- 
writi*(t in thin riiuntry i^ ih*vi»t«'4l t*i the «|iiff*tion, untl n*>t • :.r 
of th«*m ihtrr* to r<ii*M* hin vi»ir«* itn*! rtmiplain of th<* .itr« i--** 
f^tnt«* of the law. It \n n«ithin>: that of nil nifU living; I ara 

tlif i:r^Mt4'»t 1 r hv it. It !•« iintliin^ that I ha\«* n rUun :• 

(i|H>:ik ait«l !■• ImmpI. TIm' wiin<li'r i-« that a l>r«Mthin;^ in m - j 
!■• ff'ifpl witli Itiinritv fn-'M^'h t«» -«u'u'«"t 1«» iIh* Anji ri«-.iri« !:.■■ 
|M>«-i)iility <'f tht jr h.iMU^' <l-nf wr-'iij^'." Tlii-ri* i* *"f:M li.::.^ 
.iliii"-t iiii-'tji III h"h-tii-f lik«' tin-. S'-nir ••( llif wril»T^ 'I'l'-lr.: 
»ri- kiio^^n !■« ••ifociii- u'uii-t puMn ••piiiioti in ni itti r% r.4 !> 
ht'-tiU t'liit-hiiip; tii< iiih'itiil -•■nm^ihtii k thm \\\*' ti't**!. a 
of niti-rnatioiiil • xpx ru'lit , .ni'l .in\ Aiii«Ti< \:X\\ r, 
whi'tlnT tir««l r.iti- nr fiftli r it*-, -h-'uM hi\f t\%-t tn-nt '•!•<! %\ 
tht* i>lt»a tif MuiitK ti tlnu' In- < ••-iti(r\ iii«it th«y «••:•■ 
uii.ii.* .L<« t«i tin- initlt-r ••( witi-rii itii'ii.ii •-■|>\n«:hl. i« .i {•?••]*- 
1;'ii -• .i)t«<ir<I t!i it "lit u-'ii-Ii-r- )i>>u u h':ri.<<ri-t, in .inv {■•»•: 
)•!• *' iri'. It f Iti- f.ii .1*. ii-s ••■'iM hi\«' h.i'l th«' "ti-ru»r:t% 
!■■ ii\»:.«t i* 'I'hf •■itl\ .■*•)«■ ti.'ii I" i>i< kt'n»'* • hii:.|«i in^hii- 
• f tii" prill ij'l'' wi-^ thi-. i.ij'li r thi' iir- wii-'tani ••% ;: 
u L* li-: i!i ^' x-l t.ixt«'. Hit! K« , fr«-nt t}i<- i..>>iiiti,t Ik* .irn\*4i 
lit t'.f ■ ■■iijtr>, i-'».iili''l iit,:r" "Iixifv, aii'l lira\*U • \prv*»«»l 
thi' ' ■ II*. :■ ti I.- ill t}tit -O.;!. t !.•■ ht- -t-it**'! in hl« ^---k. )••• 
r;. ^-Vt \.\\*' f» li ;• iS'.l liivi-ilf <ii In- " iM-l iii.i'i.. .J irin^*. ** xu\ 
•- r* I** )'!'.•■ r« il!\ -•ri'k'M "th** U.Mi--t " •■( hi' Oitniirrr'* 

u.-l , 'f:!!!..!!! >( ::.• I ;.;tt-;* *. "1 ftill n-Mr%«* luv 


opinion," he writes to Forater, "of the national character — 
just whispering that I tremble for a radical coming here, 
unless he is a radical on principle, by reason and reflection, 
and from the sense of right. I fear that if he were anything 
else, he would return home a Tory. ... I say no more on 
that head for two months from this time, save that I do fear 
that the heaviest blow ever dealt at liberty will be dealt by 
this country, in the failure of its example to the earth. The 
scenes that are passing in Congress now, all tending to the 
separation of the States, fill one with such a deep disgust that 
I dislike the very name of Washington (meaning the place, not 
the man), and am repelled by the mere thought of approaching 
it." After the two months had expired, he writes again to 
Forster, praising certain qualities of the American people, but 
arriving at this conclusion: "I don't like the country. I 
would not live here, on any consideration. It goes against the 
grain with me. It would with you. I think it impossible, 
utterly impossible, for any Englishman to live here, and be 
happy. " Individual Americans he, of course, liked. " Wash- 
ington Irving," he writes, **i8 a great fellow. We have 
laughed most heartily together. He is just the man he ought 
to be. So is Dr. Channing, with whom I liave had an inter- 
esting correspondence since I saw him last in Boston. Halleck 
is a merry little man. Washington Allston the painter (who 
wrote ' Monaldi *) is a fine specimen of a glorious old genius. 
Longfellow, whose volume of poems I have got for you, is a 
frank, accomplished man, as well as a fine writer." Then 
again, writing from Washington, he says that "there are many 
remarkable men in the legislature, such as John Quincy Adams, 
Clay, Preston, Calhoun, and others: with whom I need scarcely 
add I have been placed in the friendliest relations. Adams is 
a fine old fellow — seventy-six years old, but with most sur- 
prising vigor, memory, readiness, and pluck. Clay is perfectly 
enchanting; an irresistible man. There are some noble speci- 
menfli too, out of the West. Splendid men to look at, hard 
to deceive, prompt to act, lions in fuorgy, Crichtons in various 
■eoomplishments, Indiana in quickness of eye and gesture, 



Am* rii'atii in -it1fi'ti"ii iti- .iipl ^'fiiri>i i^ iiii{miI*-i>. It m..;.: • 
tlitlhtiil lii t-x i^'i;»r.ili' till' ii«iliilit\ nf «•••!«»•• i'f ihi'^ ^l- :: 
filli*\io. " t hi>- uiiii>l> It Kii ri-.i<iiiiL; lli;-, tint In- ol.ntil'i it;«r->U h.i%'t' t.iKi'ii tin* lliiu^r iM*- Kii].i}i l*ii:.'r.iiu .1- th* !\:«> : 

Aill'TliMll ^t.lt4--lll III l.lp. " \\ IpU i \.l\ Tilir«-," III- / ^ ■» f. ' 

».iv, '* Pfi'-Ii'ii «iil 1-iii'iH- tlif I'-.ili r ••( till' Wlij |.if?\ \{ 
Ml -■■li-riiiiU .i-''ir»'« '.'..'• ill it tin- iiit< r 11 it I'-tt-d ■ ■■v> rj'*.! -• 
iiikl ^^ ;11 \»- \*i- < •!, liiit I .iIiiiMxt U /Ml !•• )if]M 1:.: 1 r . 
)- ft.Mli-.l I.. i>. if ]• !-•, I lii\f I.'.':/!.* :? i'-.. :. 


til* ••-:!ili\ r r t« il .i> > ••ii:iij \»* i\\f ■ Liipi • t :'« «•• 

iiik' HI'>ii il •••:•> ii»'t.t liiii, l}iiii iIm -fi.l<!.. >- m< ; ,\ 
i|"."ti"l. S-jiii-r I'l' -f"ii. •■:! \*!i"!ii 111 T«l:'«l. ■.» 1- » • • 
imII'iI .1 wli"i'" ' •111'- '. ■.'• ntl. T!i 1:1. I-:! .Tili » i:.i\ iir-.« ! i* ■ 
• •f !)i'- -liV' (.■::•! iii-i I ti! ■:.. .■! «l."";; !• '-.k' -i •• 
j-r I 1. u I- ;■•' .•!■ .• i-.- \ !i ■■f '-:!:■.■!•. .1 ; .1 ■ f ■ 

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faie-^toij and tbhorring the aroma of the choicest Lafitte of 
flattery^ because he had been surfeited with them. It is easy 
to conceive of the unhappiness of this genuine, good-natured, 
jovial creature, suffering from the persecution of a nation's 
eourleay and admiration. After he had been hardly more than 
a month in the country, he disconsolately wrote to Forster, 
from New York : '^ I can do nothing that I want to do, go 
Bowhere where I want to go, and see nothing that I want to 
aee. If I turn into the street, I am followed by a multitude. 
If I stay at home, the house becomes, with callers, like a fair. 
If I visit a public institution, with only one friend, the direc- 
tors come down incontinently, waylay me in the yard, and 
address me in a long speech. I go to a party in the evening, 
aad am so enclosed and hemmed about with people, stand 
where I will, that I am exhausted from want of air. I dine 
out, and have to talk about everything, to everybody. I go to 
church for quiet, and there is a violent rush to the neighbor- 
hood of the pew I sit in, and the clergyman preaches at me. 
I take my seat in a railroad car, and the very conductor won't 
leave me alone. I get out at a station, and can't drink a 
glass of water, without having a hundred people looking down 
my throat when I open my mouth to swallow. Conceive what 
all this is ! Then by every post, letters on letters arrive, all 
about nothing, and all demanding an immediate answer. This 
man is offended because I won't live in his house ; and that 
man is thoroughly disgusted because I won't go out more than 
four times in one evening. I have no rest or peace, and am 
in a fKTi^Kjtual worry." Oh ! the perils and horrors of celeb- 
rity ! And then the very persons who wish to drown him in 
an ocean of claret and champagne, or suffocate him in a crowd 
of well-dreii^d people for not one of whom does he care a six- 
pence, are indifferent to the theory of copyright by which he 
naturally hopes to derive a revenue from the sale of his works 
in America I It is not to be wondered at that he became, day 
■Iter day, more and more antagonistic to his hosts, whether 
fhttj were aristocratically urbane, or democratically ebullient ; 
Umi he became spiteful, even wrathful ; and that he ended in 



Ifaxiii)^ tilt* r>iiiiitry in a xMllt-n iiummI nf •)i-(->iiittiit, .ml i:. 
writing alaiiil It 111 ;i M.iv ^%lii<li <li<i litlli- 111. lit i\iii :•> : - 

iHlMfrn (»f «>liMT\.lti««l), r<.ltll«', .lil«l llUIIKir. Ih*l«-c<l W*- •Mill, t 

Imiiit «Mit ill liiH ("Nik III) p.i-.^.ip* -Ml fuiiiiy .It .1 p.irik'r ij'ii " 

i»lir fif hirt imfI) lillrr" t«i I'''i|-t«'r, in wlni h In* • \|.rt .^-a t ! . 

•i«*tiTniiiMtii«ii t<* r«'tiiiii t<< KiiL'l.ithl in .1 -.nlin.' %*--.-• 1 Aft-' 

I'liiiiihTjtiii^ -Mn:'* ••( ill*' <liii-.'<i-< ••{ .III tM-f.iii ■•!• .ir!i< r, h*- -i^* 

**.\<|il t«i .ill till" liy il.iv .111.1 iiiL'lit .^If 1- fill xf r.r> k:. ! 

|M-i.|ili-, ill- iM, .iinl tip -tr'i;.vi:! .. '! •: >* 

fipirntiHit iiiii liiiiii\ 111 .1 lii-.i\ \ »i I f«i-iiiio .1- tlfi..). :t m • .. i 

rfii>l lii-r iiil" fi.i;.'iiii nl^ .litil vnii nt.i\ lii\i .1 }'ritt\ ••>:. •.■ 

•■r:ilili* (l.iiiiiti*! u''»"*l ""M of -I f<-«-]ilf iiiil|.tii tljit It li -!. t 7: 

iiiiliiiu , iiiitj til it It .lint • iliiilit«il til iiitk* }•'•} -III irt. '\'t 

nmrli . .iit<l tint \>'-i <i"irt ti • 1 -|M-. !.i| l>rijKt . .11. 1 I -. ;. 

Iiii-.iti'* fir t Tit- .i!i>l ii'! ill t'-n/'i* \ ■ ■: ■!'. i-- • I l-r ■ r •. ■ r-.* 
«. ..\ . 1 ■! • I I I t . . .- . r 

li'iiiV Hfl tl. i' li'\* • \ • r r ■■.*'!'. \ ■ i i;; i\ I- i-. 1. ir : ". *. ■ - • 
"--••■ • ■ '- • ,r.-l ! !. it ■ I ! i. ! iii'l :i ,i.i \ k- 

•1 til, il' )■ ii> \:..i :;■ .:.: :., i \: 

ii-n-: !• r li !• . i*. i ■ 
%i)ii> ii I'll I • , 11' 
tir-t M i*. r 

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the tmth was that the hook satisfied Dickens's great public of 
ruaden in no respect, whether judged as a philosophical esti- 
mate of American institutions, or as a humorous reproduction 
i^f American manners and character. It was shallow, — that 
might be pardoned ; but it was dull, — that was unpardonable. 
The result was that the serial story of ''Martin Chuzzlewit,'' 
which succeeded the "American Notes," and which is now 
rightlj considered one of the best of his romances, disappointed 
\vAh author and publishers, because it reached a circulation of 
•jnlj twenty or twenty- three thousand copies. The first jour- 
ney of Dickens to the United States, in 1842, may be said to 
have injured him in purse and fame ; the second, in 1867-08, 
inczeased his fame, and put £20,000 into his purse. 

On the 18th of April, 1868, four days before his departure 
from the United States, during his second visit to the country, 
a great dinner was given to him at Delmonico's, in New York. 
At this he made the following speech, — printed here becaii^^e 
it contains a kind of apology for what he had written on 
America and the Americans : — 

iiEXTLEMEX, — I cannot do better tlian take my cue from 

your diMinguished Preiiident, and refer, in my first remarks, 

tu liii* remarkis in connection with the old natural associations 

V*tween vou and me. AMien 1 receivf^d an invitation from a 

lirivate afvS4*ciation of working members of the Press of New 

York, to dine with them to-day, I accepted that compliment 

in ^ral^'ful remembrance of a calling that was once my own, 

And in loyal sympathy towards a brotlierhood which in spirit 

I hdve never rjuitted. To the wholesome training of severe 

ww^pafier work when I was a very young man I c»»n>tantly 

refer mv first successes — and mv sons will hereafter test if v c»f 

their father that he was always steadily ]»ro\i«l of that hulder 

by which he rose. If it were otherwise I should have but a 

TefT pix*r opinion of their father, which j»erliaps — upon the 

vhole — I have not. Thus, gentlemen, under any cireuiu- 

this company would have been exceptionally intere.**t- 



iii^ ami p^tifyin^ t<i m^\ but whereas I MUp|Mifv<il t)iat, i:k« 
till* fairit*!^' |Mivili<in «>f th«* ** Arahian NighU,** it wnul*! !■* U.l 
a inert* luuulful, and 1 tinil it drawn out likt« thr minir rU<>f. 
paviH«>n, ca)»;iMt' ttf riini|in*lifn<iin^ a luultitutlr, ■•» unrh itje 
intirr |»n»ii«l am I ••( tli*- honur ••( U*in^ vniir ^urM. K>>r ]i>»j 
will n*a<lilv U'Ii**vc tlit* nmrv* wuifly rrpn-nt^ntAtiv** ••! l!.« 
|in*fOi in Anit*ri(M niv •■ntrrtauu'n* an*, tin' mt»n* I miiiit f**^! it.« 
^inmI will AU*\ kimlW ^«•lltlnlt•nt(« tnwanln nif «»f that lri*t i:M: 
tiitii»n. <M'iitlt'iiii*n, M) niiirh «•( niv \iiirr han latriv \w^^. 
h«*anl in tlif nnil I ha%*«* for !i|iwanlrt nf fmir har«i wukUr 
niuntliM HO <'i<nt«-n<l**<i ii^«iin>t what I havt* U'rn iMim««tinir» qu;> 
a«lniihn^ly a.-Mir*-<l Wiu* a ^M*nuini* AnifHran nitarrh— a f«»- 
M*iiiiiiin whi<*h 1 havi* thn*u^hi»iit hiffhly a|»|irpriat««al, th<*(if:k I 
tnif:ht havr pri'f«-rr*il t>i U> naturali/itl hy any othf^r <*iit«irtl 
•»r vi-iMi* nnMii** — I -iv. ^'rntlfmrn, f*«» nnu'li «»f my Tt»i'v Km 
lat4*Iv U«fi !>• ird in t)i«- Imil I nn^*ht havi* \vH'n «*«iriirT.*.rd 
nut tt» triiM^lf ><•'! iiiv f'lrthi'r frMm my pr*»*i'nt "taniiinAT'fa-ir.'. 
wiTi" It II- T .1 ilnty v^itli uliii-h | In ii« ffurtli rharp* ni^iMlf. n •. 
tiiilv h»Ti* I'lt Mil t\.r\ -Ml* i^'li" iH-iM«i.»ii wh4t^««*Vfr an<l wh»'* 
i*iM'>i-r, t«» • \j«ri '' i:.*i K:.h .ii.>l wr-itt-fnl m'H-#* f»f niT b**^ 1. 1 
n'Oi'pti'ii 111 .\iiiir:> I. .Ill i t'i !• ir in> li<>ii«ot tt<tiiiP>ny ti' :.*^ 
nati' i:*-n«r«<-it\ .upI inik'M itntnity. \U*\ \** •lr«-lArr \f m 
.ti«t<iuiiiii'«l I h iVi' U*f II \.\ t}\f .1111 1/ III;; rhank***-^ that I ha«* 
■••••■11 ar-i'iivl Til*' «'ii f\tTy -i-l*- * h.iiii;*'^ iiii>ril. rhanc*^ j hf •■» 

• il < li.ii. '• ^ iM t'.- .«!ii>'Miit •-( Iiii'l -i|l«l'M-<l and rultnatnl 

• III?..' '"it!.' I ■ • f \ i-t !»••«■ •iti«-*. •hiiip'M III thf* i:t*»«th 
<it ••! i< r • I':- • il * • .* • f !• «-< vMtp'ti . i li.iii^i*<« in tht- ^T'Sth 

i '•>' I. ! i • - I*, i i'. •::.••.• - I'f lifi- . rhiiMk't** m thf |irv<w — 
y\\\:. .! ^%i, -• .t<l\ tr - • ': • '.; !.-• iiil\ inifiiM'fit ran takr f4»rv 
i:.-i\«f<ri N r i:;. 1. !«'r,i\« iiii-, fMi .irr^v^ilit a« tn if^pfaav 

• . I* ■ ■ *.*'■ ti. ) i>«*iitv \>-ir^ t'fi>r<* h.t\** l»«*ii i\f I luini;r« la 

>' I "lit I )i I 1 If Miiti^' i<> liMrii and n>i fttrvnif tni|i^^*" 
• ^\''.*'.\ I w i^ L-ri fir^t. \ii«l. k'*'titlrixM*B, th:« 
':* ■ '.. \*1.: li I "t. i\«-. i\iT -iiii-«* I lainlf^l Kr?^ 
'■:\' \ 1 -•::•• -ili if •■, thfi^h •'•flirliJ 
i:. i ::. :<:•:<:.••■ t" it I will. « ith T\« 


k'-'I .•.i\<-, l.kK«- \>>'i iittf iu\ ('••iitidtiK i- u>>w. Kvrii th« |i 

il-! \ 

IN . I 


being hamaii, may be sometimes mistaken or misinfonned — 
and I rather think that I have, in one or two rare instances, 
known ita information to be not perfectly correct with refer- 
eooe to myself. Indeed, I have now and again been more 
sorpriaed by jHinted news that I have read of myself than by 
any printed news that I have ever read in my present state of 
existence. Thus it appears strange to me to be informed of 
the vigor and perseverance with which I have for some months 
been ^collecting materials for and hammering away at a new 
book on America," seeing that all that time it has been per- 
fectly well known to my publishers, on both sides of the 
Atlantic^ that I positively declared that no consideration on 
earth should induce me to write one. But what I have 
intended, what I have resolved upon, and this is the confi- 
dence I seek to place in you, is that on my return to England, 
in my own English journal, manfully, promptly, plainly in my 
own person to bear for the behalf of my countrymen, such 
testimony to the gigantic changes in this country as I have 
hinted at to-night. Also to record that wherever I have been, 
in the smallest places equally with the largest, I have been 
received with unsurpassable politeness, delicacy, sweet temper, 
hospitality, consideration, and with unsurpassable respect for 
the privacy daily enforced upon me by the nature of my avoca- 
tion here and the state of my health. This testimony, so long 
as I live, and so long as my descendants have any legal right 
in my books, I shall cause to be republished as an appendix 
to every copy of those two books of mine in which I have 
referred to America. And this I will do, and cause to be 
done, not in mere love and thankfulness, but because I regard 
it as an act of plain justice and honor. Gentlemen, this tran^ 
ntion from my own feelings towards, and interest in America, 
to those of the mass of my countrymen, seemB to me but a 
Mlural one; whether or not it is so, I make it an express 
object. I was asked in this very city, alxiut last Christmas 
lime, whether an American was not at some disadvantage in 
Inland as a foreigner? The notion of an American being 
a foreigner at all — of his ever being thought of 


iNTi:«M»i I ri«>\ 

• If -iKtki'ii iif 111 fliirii (•■r, ».!■< -•• inii-Miiiiii>ii.i\ i*. v.: 
iiii'I lii^'irii !•• iiii- iii\ ^'ii\il\ \\.i-« fur I til W'i.: , '. 
fi\ft|i<i\ifriil. A* -•Niti .|H i( w.t. r*t>iriii, I ^-.H'l iKi' f : ,■ •• 
.ilnl \i-ir'* ]*.i"l I li-i'l )i<i]N->i I ii.fl li.|i| .I- ri: iTi\ \r.>* 
frii-inU itiil r>i'<-i\*'i i" Hi i!i\ .\iiii-i:t-iii \iit'-;<« .1- i.- -* 

Ki 'li-hiii.iii li\iii.'. II. •! !n\ ii!j\iiii I ivi'tr:'!.- f •' ' ■ 

liV t.'lii-r-. W !-> tl. .1 \\ \\.|- ttii' _■!; Ml I'.li. '. Il.-i t" '- IT. \* 

iiu l> I !■<■!•••■.•.• 'i \\ iili till- n. ■ ! • iiijt ! !• ■ j- ■ ! iti i •■ 
tl 'ii .i!i\«i.'i« I ii« rt M|.i.h. "'.! "f ). tlf I •! .-Ill ;- ■ ■ 

«!• l.lV 'l-'k*- -■ .! l'«il tV*". « »!.•■. ill \!!.-:i'iIi .'•..'•• 

I ii:.\ iti 'I tl ti f--r .itt. w'u ', !i'cl:ii.' !i.«:. . '.!. ..ii i . . :! . ■ ** ■ 
<li\, n'jl-:«|f tlii- vs ill •■1 I >-l?iiii li:?.'i:-il r.!i.! . '. . . 

fiiiiii'"!- f'-r s!- ;■;■ ! .!• -. \*i- ri T. 1 I .i-iin:- i-n !:.• ri 1 : -. 

1. 1 till- -!r:-1 r .1- - 'l tin- j-! 1 n ll:it i|i\, )■ .! '• \ • . •. 

ri;-i' -• i.!i: ,■ f ' i' *.' « 1 - -^ \ •:,••.■:•■.' i/l-rv i:. ■■■ ' • • . . 
li- i. tl ii-'^ ■ • ;■. ! ! • ;■ ■ • T. • u'- ■\ 
it 1.1- 1!! ! ■ . /• : .1 I • ■ • 

. ■!. : !l. :! 1 r 1 . • .■ I . :• i' ■!• : 

I i-iMj I'l :.'• I'.: ' ' NI • .♦ . 

i i:!..'.\ ".^ :! ■• * . . ■ 

til ■ 

■« 1 ' « i • ■ , t ■• ' I • t ' ' ; ' • '^1 
..III-. :}ir- • •'. ■■. :• ■ r. I - 

11;. , .' :..• : " ■ . I*- 

• 1 

I • ■ • • 

I ; . i . ' ■ . '- 

T' \ '■: '. 1 

■ ■ ■ ' ■ • I , ' . " . 

. ! ■ I -.1 1 . k . ■ ' , i 

• . • i 

I ■ 
• ■ • 

• . • " 

« • • 

\ . 

■ • ■ « • 

« ■ 


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1 :- 


I : 


1 . ^ I 1 





• . • 



■ . • \ . . 

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t. . •. .• 


1:. : I., il ^T' .il I- 1..' \ • ■..- r." - 


throughout the world. K I know anything of my country- 
men, and they give me the credit of knowing something of 
them, the Kngliwh heart is stirred by the fluttering of these 
Stars and Stripes, as it is stirred by no other flag that floats, 
except its own. If I know my countrymen, in any and every 
relation towards America, they begin, not as Sir Anthony 
Absolute recommended lovers to begin, with a little aversion, 
bat with great liking and a profound respect, and whatever 
may be the sensitiveness of the moment, or the little official 
passion, or the little official policy, now or then, or here or 
there, take my word for it, that the first enduring great pop- 
ular consideration in EIngland is, a generous construction of 
justice. Finally, gentlemen, I say this, subject to your correc- 
tion, I do believe that from the great majority of honest minds 
on both sides, there cannot be absent the conviction that it 
would be better for this globe to be riven by an earthquake, 
fired by a comet, or overrun by an iceberg, and abandoned 
to the arctic fox and bear, than that it should present the spec- 
tacle of these two great nations, each of which has, in its own 
way and hour, striven so hard and so successfully for freedom, 
ever again being arrayed the one against the other. Gentle- 
men, I cannot thank your President enough, and you enough, 
for your kind response to my health, and my poor remarks. 
But believe me, I do thank you with the utmost fervor of 
which my soul is capable. 






I ATTACH a few pn»liminary wtirtln U) the " Life and AdvM^ 
Uifee of Mmrtin Chuxxl«*wit: ** mont bi«cauiw 1 am unwilling lo 
depart from any cuai(»iu which haii btKytmif t*n«iaarMl u> me hf 
liaTing prrvaile«i livtween myM*lf an*! my riMMirm on furmrr 
oceaaiona of thn nami* kind, than UHmuM^ I havn anything in 
partktilar to nay. 

Likr a trtmU«*iw»tiii* ^'iif*«4t wh(» liti^*n« in tho HaII aftrr k<^ 
baa iak«*n h*avt% I runnot 1h'1|> l<tit4*nii^ on the* thnwhohl of ny 
bui»k, th«High th<>^* tw«» wi>r«lis Tht* Kiit), aiitiri|iiit4<<l thn»iigb 
twenty months y<*t M>rroufuU\ it^'iuu'd at lai*t, stAn* at mty m 
capitalai from thi* |»rint4*<l |»a^. 

1 ert fHit» on thu j«mrtM*y which ia now r<iinrlu«i<Hl, m%th 
Xhf* deatgn of f*xhihitin^ in varioim a^ipt^tn, th«* r«»mniocie«t €4 
all th«« vi<*«*<*. It in almost n«*«*«n«*i«t to mhl, that thr couiiii«tfK>r 
thf foUv or th«' rntw* whirli an milh«»r i*ntl«MVMrn to lUuMrmtr, 
th»* j;r*Mt« r »- tli»- ri-k h»' niii* of U'iii^ r)iar>f«-*l wilh rYa^;)*rra' 
tioti . f«ir .14 It'* n«:in *'Vir \«*t rf4N»>:iit/«**l an titntAtton of him- 
iM'lf, n<i rnait \« ill .lilinit th** (-••rrt-(-tti<*<K «if a nki'trh in whirh 
hii» ««vin rlnrv ti-r in •!«-liri«*.it«'«I, ht»w«'Vi'r faitlifullv. 

li'ii, .ilth«.':^'h Mr. |Vrk»«mfT will hy ih» iiiranii fi»ii«'»H|#» |«> iii# 
thit Mr Pi'k-tiitf 14 n.itiinl. I ntii r.>n««iltMi hy firnhng him 
k»« :.Iv -^Hr, »,»iM«- '.f lh»' tnilhftilnf«« of \\r*. (t«m|i. And 
th- :/V \\t- it%ju\' o.!i«i.l#'r* h^-r |>i»rtr.iil to \m quit«» unlike 
aj»«l ilt' »'»tii*r "'A "i 'lr*»iiij:. •hi* rrt*i.iii|»fnM-* inr for th«* ir- 
vrrit) <f !.• r ^rt!:< .•!!! «>ti th^t f.iilur^\ hy awAnlin^ unUiunded 
prmiM ii i\.v j'li lurr '*( MrK Tri^;. 


I have endeavored, in the progress of this Tale^ to resist the 
temptation of the current M<»ithly Number, and to^ keep a 
steadier eye upon the general purpose and design. With this 
object in view, I have put a strong constraint upon myself 
from time to time, in many places; and I hope the story is 
the better for it now. 

At any rate, if my readers have derived but half the pleas- 
ure and interest from its perusal which its composition has 
afforded me, I have ample reason to be gratified. And if they 
part from any of my visionary friends with the least tinge of 
that reluctance and regret which I feel in dismissing them, my 
suooets has been complete, indeed. 
LosDoa, Twentj-Afth June, 1844. 


Mt main object in this story was, to exhibit in a variety of 
aapecta the commonest of all the vices; to show how Selfish- 
neaa propagates itself; and to what a grim giant it may grow, 
from small beginnings. 

All the Pecksniff family upon earth are quite agreed, I 
believe, that no such character as Mr. Pecksniff ever existed. 
I will not offer any plea on his behalf to so powerful and gen- 
teel a body, but I wish to make a remark here on the charac- 
ter of Jonas Chuzzlewit. 

I conceive that the sordid coarseness and brutality of Jonas 
would be unnatural, if there had been nothing in his early 
education, and in the precept and example always before him, 
to engender and develop the vices that make him odious. 
But, so bom and so bred; admired for that which made him 
hateful, and justified from his cradle in cunning, treachery, 
and avarice ; I claim him as the legitimate issue of the father 
upon whom those vices are seen to recoil. And I submit that 
tkeir recoil upon that old man, in his unhonored age, is not a 
Mere piece of poetical justice, but is the extreme exposition of 
a plain truth. 
I make this comment on the character, and solicit the 


rUI.KAi K^ ANh l»KI"l»Arii'N.-» 

nM*i*-r*>« atti-iitinti to it in hi'* <>r ln'r I'lm^ r.iii<»ii ••{ i! 
liiT.iii.'^f iititliiii^ !<• iiitin* t-«iiiiiihtii III pmI liff iliiit .1 
pnttitaMi* ri'tli'ctiitii mi t)i«- i-.iUM-- nf lu.itiy \ii-«- iti 1 iiwiikrii till* ^'•■ IfrriT. i- -Mt««t ii^^l il!\ 

f.itiiilwH ill tliit P'-|M 1 1, I-. irui- iif .1 »liiil iiiMi ■ii-*ti/ 

wi- pMiw, \vi' rtMji. I.i-t ill*- fi'l* r •,;•» irit«» tli«- • Ijiilr* 
f«f ;in\ I'ri""'!! Ml Kiil;! in>i. "F, I ;/rn\i- t-i .ill. -f r: i" 

liMii^i—, ,itp1 ):i«L'«' wKi-tlf r \\i .iTi' tu«iii-t*r- wli • ■: ,■ 

-frift-, j-..|.l. i.'ir li'ill*' iii'i |H'iiitiiili.irii-^, iii'l .-^tr-r 
] • l"!!!' ^, ••r .in* iiiiliiri- m)p>!ii u<- ]\i\*- *\'\. 
i*\i\\*-r*'\ !-• I-' lir»-'l f"r iiu-^rv :iitil niiu. 

Til'* Ain'Tit III jHi!!|..ii ..t thi' Ufik I* hi ij<« •■t''it f r 
I'.iri- i!:ir«- til III i- il l" III »\ln^iti'»li, f'lr !li«' !! -t Tur! 
lihli- r"> *'.'\»' "f tlif \>!ii'Ti-iii • !i ir.i' !*T - •'( !l.i! -■ i 
1*. fr •■. i!' •••ry iii?:r»'. tip- !:!•• t "'•:r.: -ix <■. i*.! V 
Ilk- !'. t . ^-- i . ti i.\ - ■ !i V i\ • !!•■-' I « \ ■■:•:.• M ir* .1: • 
I'l'! ■. \ I 'iiX- 'i'-. •'. -I \\:*:'.'.' '. ?: m. ' li ,• ■. 

\\ • ■? 

i! :. 


' ; 

f • 

• i : ■ ■ I ; I r : • I ■* 

. . • 

•' ! .! 

Il- :i I ■ •:•. M :\ *. i\ '. : 
I I'. 1 '-'.•■.. •*! i* !f.. . 
>! I*- ■ ir- :. : .•':.•■!.!. 
Ill/ !l.i ■ t":.'- : • I/' i" : it 
«! 111'!. ^■\ -•• .' I 1?'. T.' ■ - 
tli« '•■ !- 1.;--- ■•* ).'. \^ ir*- \ 


W t*. r'.-\'* \- ' : i«i Ti ir. I . : j :■ ■ f ' . \ .■■ 

i\\ ■.:•.! f •- . ■? \ -A. I M. ' • . ■. : i :■ 
t'. t' !- r' :. f \\ .•• ■. • ■. •■:■ .1 • \- ■ • iM . 
1 . ' • ■ ! r I ' I ■ ■ . : . ' i •.■►.-• . f ; ^ \ • ' 

I? •■ i s- .'. . •- »:. . 

■ I •. -^ : : . ' \ . - ■ . . I* ; • , , w' . -I ■ » . r • •:.■.:• i . : . ! : . • I . ■ . 
I'l;- r I'l .1 .!.. If; 1 .1 .:■. . \^\ \. .! i'- • !' . •..:.. '% ■ 

• Tiji/' i irj iir;*:M,' \*. • t i'* ■ f !*.- '^ 1 ■ •• 

tint !-r: -I. •■!! !*!• TMf! f i f* ' ? •. N ■ .* \"- 
«|t-rii Ti-triti':." r:. iK.f:.* i ".•.•■ • .•": ■. " r \ .•' i ■ I* 
hostility t.'W.if!'. Kfi/'.ir. i. :•! wf.: ''. - ; '. 'ri,-- 

ti«'* nn ri:::viiil, ti. i?. J.o.':/ !i. i-s ■. r- li. r 

I ri«l'.-il. I iKi*!i \r. : !■.:• I ! 1. :. : :•. i- •. 
war>l« Ain« riiM, Vit jj-t i- ! '■ I: : •■ ' • 

b ' b. 


if the same opportunity had arisen, in reference to London, or 
Dublin, or Paris, or Devonshire. 

Li all the tales comprised in this cheap series, and in all my 
writings, I hope I have taken every possible opportunity of 
showing the want of sanitary improvements in the neglected 
dwellingB of the poor. Mrs. Sarah Gamp is a representation 
of the hired attendant on the poor in sickness. The Hospitals 
of London are, in many respects, noble Institutions ; in others, 
rerj defective. I think it not the least among the instances 
of their mismanagement, that Mrs. Betsey Prig is a fair speci- 
men of a Hospital Nurse ; and that the Hospitals, with their 
means and funds, should have left it to private humanity and 
enterprise, in the year Eighteen Hundred and Forty-nine, to 
cater on an attempt to improve that class of persons. 
LoiDox, November, 1849. 



C()i6 Cale 








Mb. Poejitkr •Uim in hU "Life of IH.-kfnii" ttuU thf* I 
lowing c)uipC«*r, whirh h«* prinin, wtta writtrii hv Ihrken« i 
pn^liminanr rliafiier Ui ''AmrrirAn Nutfn,** hiit tluit afu*t 
oonferrnr** it wm deciilMl Uuit it ha* I ln^t )«• oinittnl, tttm 
Diekciu wm Immght vrry n*luctaiitlv t*) tluN (^iiirlu«i«*u. 


I HAVK pUrr<l thr forpgi>iiiK titln at the hf«<l fif thi« fia 
hranuw* I challrngp and <lrnj th«* right of anv |i«*rMin tit f 
ju<lgnH*nt on thin Uwik, or to arrivr at any r**aii**na)il«* rucw 
Kion in n'fi*r«*n(*«* t«> it, withniit tiiNt U'in^ nt th** tnitililr 
iHTviniin^ iii*«|u.iifit«Ml with it** «h**i,ni iiiv\ pnq***^'. 

It i« n*>t Htati."tiral. Fi>:ur«>M of .irithiiK-tii- h.t\t' nlnvi-U )« 
ht*a|ii*<i M\ti*u Amt*ri<*a*H <i«'V<it<*«l hiMi], nliii«i»t il<i li\i-iil> .va 
UD'n of i»|M*«M-)i h.ivi* U-*'!! pilftl .iU*\f Sh.ikfi|MMr*' n fc;r4\«\ 

It riini|»r**h**h*U !!<• Hiimll talk «<>ririTiiiii^ iii'lnnliuU. 4n*i 
YioUtum of th<* MM*i:il rontiih'iK-ci* »*{ pmat** lift*. Th** v 
prrvalrnt iirurtirr of ki«in.i{i]>iftk' In*' Ia'!)*'* nn-l ^''tittrm 
furring; th«*m iiit't mhinrtit, hipI lilM-iliri^* ui'l ti'-kftin;* ih 
whithi-r th**v will or ii<i, for tht* k'ri1iti<.iti<i!i of th«* i*\\v 
thf «-Mri«iU<s i» ii"»t to in\ l.u.ti*. 'rh«r«'fiir»' I h.i\«' .i\«iiih«l il 

It III- U"l :t pCriMl t*f 4n\ |ii«lltir.ll lIl^Tftllt'llt Itl it^ « ^ 


Nfithi-r liofH it mntain, n^r havi- I itit«-ti<ii><l it «h<» 
ri'iitain, any li*ngth«'n*'<l and niinut*' arri»(int of in\ {M-r«' 
r**i-f|itioti 111 the l'nit4*«l Stat«**: n<>t U'rauHr I am. or ••\i'r « 
Hiwnf>iUr t«> tliat i*|Hint4n«*<iUf» «*tTii-ioti of afT*'i*tion aipl ^i 
o-ity of hrart, in a ni<*i«t .itft^rtMnatt* ind ^•f'n«'r«»^i»hrar 

|*'«|»1«'. lillt )«'«\|t|«w' I «-»iIifflVi* that It WotlM ill U<OoIiir mr 

iV-'iri-h tiiitti-r Mrr»'H^irilv involving* *•• niin-h 'if niv own i»raii 
111 t)i»- t-y** '-f my uhh.i|i|>y r»*ivh'r« 

Thu U«ik u iimplv wlut It cliUiUA to br — a rv<K>r^l iif 


impressioiis I received from day to day, during my hasty 

tiBvelB in America, and sometimes (but not always) of the 

ooQcluaions to which they, and after-reflection on them, have 

led me; a description of the country I passed through; of the 

institutions I visited; of the kind of people among whom I 

journeyed; and of the manners and customs that came within 

my observation. Very many works having just the same scope 

ind rsnge have been already published, but I think that these 

two volumes stand in need of no apology on that account. 

The interest of such productions, if they have any, lies in the 

varying impressions made by the same novel things on different 

minds; and not in new discoveries or extraordinaiy adventures. 

I can scarcely be supposed to be ignorant of the hazard I 

nm in writing of America at alL I know perfectly well that 

there is, in that country, a numerous class of well-intentioned 

persons prone to be dissatisfied with all accounts of the Kepub- 

lic whose citizens they are, which are not couched in terms of 

exalted and extravagant praise. I know perfectly well that 

there is in America, as in most other places laid down in maps 

<A the great world, a numerous class of persons so tenderly and 

delicately constituted that they cannot bear the truth in any 

form. And I do not need the gift of prophecy to discern afar 

off, that they who will be aptest to detect malice, ill will, and 

^ uncharitableness in these pages, and to show, beyond any 

doubt, that they are perfectly inconsistent with that grateful 

•od enduring recollection which I profess to entertain of the 

^«lcome I found awaiting me beyond the Atlantic — will be 

certain native journalists, veracious and gentlemanly, who were 

*t great pains to prove to me, on all occasions during my stay 

there, that the aforesaid welcome was utterly wortliless. 

But, venturing to dissent even from these high autliorities, 
1 formed my own opinion of its value in the outset, and retain 
^ to this hour; and in asserting (as I invariably did on all 
pihlic occasions) my liberty and freedom of sj>eech while I was 
■■•ong the Americans, and in maintaining it at home, I believe 
*it I best show my sense of the high worth of that welcome, 
••4 of the honorable singleness of purpose with which it was 


extended to me. From first to last I saw, in the friends who 
crowded round me in America, old readers, over-grateful and 
over-partial perhaps, to whom I had happily been the means of 
furnishing pleasure and entertainment ; not a vulgar herd who 
would flatter and cajole a stranger into turning with closed eyes 
from all the blemishes of the nation, and into chanting its 
praises with the discrimination of a street ballad-singer. From 
first to last I saw, in those hospitable hands, a home-made 
wreath of laurel; and not an iron muzzle disguised beneath 
a flower or two. 

Therefore I take — and hold myself not only justified in 
taking, but bound to take — the plain course of saying what I 
think, and noting what I saw ; and as it is not my custom to 
exalt what in my judgment are foibles and abuses at home, so 
I have no intention of softening down, or glozing over, those 
that I have observed abroad. 

If this book should fall into the hands of any sensitive 
American who cannot bear to be told that the working of the 
institutions of his country is far from perfect; that in spite of 
the advantage she has over all other nations in the elastic fresh- 
ness and vigor of her youth, she is far from being a model for 
the earth to copy; and that even in those pictures of the 
national manners with which he quarrels most, there is still 
(after a lapse of several years, each of which may be fairly 
supposed to have had its stride in improvement) much that is 
just and true at this hour; let him lay it down, now, for I 
shall not please him. Of the intelligent, reflecting, and edu- 
cated among his countrymen I have no fear, for I have ample 
reason to believe, after many delightful conversations not easily 
to be forgotten, that there are very few topics (if any) on 
which their sentiments differ materially from mine. 

It may be asked — "If you have been in any respect dis- 
appointed in America, and are assured beforehand that the 
expression of your disappointment will give offence to any 
class, why do you write at all ? " My answer is, that I wen^ 
there expecting greater things than I found, and resolved as i^ 
as in me lay to do justice to the country, at the expense of ax^i 


(in mj view) mistaken or prejudiced statements that might 
kare been made to its disparagement. Coming home with a 
eomcted and sobered judgment, I consider myself no less 
boond to do justice to what, according to my best means of 
judgment, I found to be the truth. 

There was no Preface to the first edition, which was intro- 
duced bj the following 


To those friends of mine in America who, giving me a wel- 
come I must ever proudly remember, left my judgment free, 
ud who, loTing their country, can hear the truth when it is 
told good-humoredly and in a kind spirit. 


It is nearly eight years since this book was first published. 
I present it, unaltered, in the Cheap Edition ; and such of my 
opmions as it expresses, are quite imaltered too. 

My readers have opportunities of judging for themselves 
whether the influences and tendencies which I distrust in 
America have any existence but in ray imagination. They can 
ttimine for themselves whether there has been anything in 
tlie public career of that country during the past eight years, 
^» whether there is anything in its present condition, at liome 
w abroad, which suggests that those influences and tendencies 
ftaUr do exist. As they find the fact, they will ju<lge me. 
If ihfj discern any evidences of wrong-doing, in any direction 
thai I have indicated, they will acknowledge that I have reason 
in what I wrote. If they discern no such thing, they will 
Wttider me altogether mistaken. 

ftejudiced I have never l)een, otherwise than in favor of the 
Uiited States. No visitor can ever have set foot on those 
^iuttit ^th a stronger faith in the Republic than I had, when 
llMkd in America. 

IpUpoeely abstain from extending these observations to any 



length. I luiTe nothing t4> ilefeml, or tu 4*x|iLiin av«j. 
truth U the truth: aii«l ni'ithi^r chiUiinh alvunluirai » 
nrruimlouri cuutrndictiuiiii, can luaku it uttivrwiM*. Tbr 
Would HtiU niovu round the »uu, though the wl»ulr i i 
• rhurrh Knid No. 

1 havf many frii*ndri in Ani«*rini, mud U*i*\ • fcrmtrful u 
in th<* roiintrr. To r«*pn*iM*nt nw aji viewing it with ill-n 
aiiimiMity, i»r ihirtiitiUiJihiis in m4*r«*Iy t4i do a vrrr foi>luh 
whirh ii* ulwuvii u vi*ry t'iiHy om*; mud whirh I )ia\r duni 
for right yi'am, iiii*\ omiM ilinn'gttrtl for «*ighty lUfrr. 

Utntntn, tki June, lUa 







As no lady or gentleman, with any claims to polite breeding, 
cm poesiblj sympathise with the Chuzzlewit Family without 
being first assured of the extreme antiquity of the race, it is a 
9^t satisfaction to know that it undoubtedly descended in a 
<iinct line from Adam and Eve ; and was, in the very earliest 
tines, closely connected with the agricultural interest. If it 
•hould ever be urged by grudging and malicious persons that 
• Chuzzlewit, in any period of the family history, displayed an 
oTerweening amount of family pride, surely the weakness will 
^ considered not only pardonable but laudable, when the 
DBiiiense superiority of the house to the rest of mankind, in 
"ttpect of this its ancient origin, is taken into account. 

It is remarkable that as there was, in the oldest family of 

^h we have any record, a murderer and a vagabond, so we 

^er fail to meet, in the records of all old families, with 

*nunerable repetitions of the same phase of character. In- 

W, it may be laid down as a general principle that the more 

, •*t«ded the ancestry, the greater the amount of violence and 

! ^'^Bibondism ; for in ancient days, those two amusements, 

, ••bining a wholesome excitement with a promising means of 

I^ltting shattered fortunes, were at once the ennobling pursuit 
•i ft© healthful recreation of the Quality of this land. 
^VMeqnently, it is a source of inexpressible comfort and 
to find that, in various periods of our history, the 



(*hu//lfM'its wiT'* artivt'ly rnniirrt«*«l With ili\«rH -li'ij;>.% ?' •,• 
mn-jUMiii-. III'! M'hmIv fri\'*. It i.-i furllpr r»«-..r'l"l f '.'.r. 
t), U'iii;^' fpMii IpMil ti* Iii'i'l in htiil iif ]-r'-'f, '.:.'} . * r. 
iiKiiiy iH-1-.t.-i..nn tli.-ir li-.illn-r-j' rkiii«il •-•Mii r- !■■ tr.- :• i!.\ 
with iiiviiit i1ili> i->iur.iji', aii'l .ift< rw.inl-* rrluni h<>:ii«- ^r^'i ...-i 
t4i thi'ir r*l.iti'ih'< aii'l fiK-ii'l^. 

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nviT with \N i11m:i: tin- < "i'iii|Ui f'tr. It «lif.i u.-: .ij ;- ,r '.Ml 
thi* i11m''Imi''> III- '-l-'r " ■ .iiiif M\fr *' ii;<'i;ir' }i, !•■:..:. » 
thi- viiL" ir phr.i-'-. .it .mv -ult^i 'I'li-iil j'ln-'-l. iiii-::!-: r. *• tv- 
Kiiiiilv «lii U"l -f!:i t'l h ivf ]»in i\«r LTf.itlv il:-!!!./-;. • •: » 

lh«- j — :-ii i-f lii.'l'l • -t itf. Au'l it 1- Will k:. *:. •.•-•'^ 

fnr lli«' }»-t""A il 'f til it kiii'l "f pr-iiH-rly \\\--i\ h:-» f»\ - '•*. 
th«' liUr.iljt\ II. ■! ^•rit:?'.ii "f thi- N^'iii! m «•!•■ l- r- ::. k:». .%* 
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month, continued gloomily to watch a small stock of coals, 
without, in any one instance, negotiating with a purchaser. 
The remarkahle similarity hetween this course of proceeding 
and that adopted hy their Great Ancestor beneath the vaults 
of the Parliament House at Westminster is too obvious and 
too full of interest to stand in need of comment. 

It is also clearly proved by the oral traditions of the Family, 
that there existed, at some one period of its history which is not 
distinctly stated, a matron of such destructive principles, and 
so familiarised to the use and composition of inflammatory and 
oombustihle engines, that she was called "The Match Maker," 
hj which nickname and byword she is recognised in the Fam- 
ily legends to this day. Surely there can be no reasonable 
doahi that this was the Spanish lady, the mother of Chuzzlewit 

But there is one other piece of evidence, bearing immediate 
reference to their close connection with this memorable event in 
F»g>i«^ History, which must carry conviction, even to a mind 
(if snch a mind there he) remaining unconvinced by these pre- 
mmptiTe proofs. 

Tliere was, within a few years, in the possession of a highly 
mpeetahle and in every way credible and unimpeachable mem- 
ber of the Chuzzlewit Family (for his bitterest enemy never 
dared to hint at his being otherwise than a wealthy man), a 
daik lantern of undoubted antiquity ; rendered still more inter- 
esting by being, in shape and pattern, extremely like such as 
are in use at the present day. Now, this gentleman, since 
deoeased, was at all times ready to make oath, and did again 
and again set forth, upon his solenm asseveration, that he 
had frequently heard his grandmother say, when contemplat- 
ing this venerable relic, " Ay, ay ! This was carried hy my 
fcmith son on the fifth of November, when he was a Guy 
Fawkea." These remarkable wonls wrought (as well they 
ttight) a strong impression on his mind, and he was in the 
Wat of repeating them very often. The just inter])retation 
"Wch they bear, and the conclusion to which they lead, are 
^nmpbant and irresistible. The old lady, naturally strong- 
■bM, was nevertheless frail and fading ; she was notoriously 
rt jact to that confusion of ideas, or, to say the least, of speecli, 
» wUdi age and garrulity are liable. The slight, the very 
j||ft eonfusion, apparent in these expressions, is manifest, 

UKK AN[i MiVKSn l:i:s MK 

iihl I- lijilii r-iii-ly •M-y "f «-'»rr« i ti-ii. "A>, i>," ij'i t!! ••-. 

ilii| it Mill )<■ ••KMrvi'iJ ill. it hii fiin-iiii.ili'Mi Mli.kli-\i-: -. ■\ !•! U- iK.uif in tlii>i- !»•> iiiitiili\i- ri-ii. iiK-. "A^. • ' 
Tin- 1 Hit* rii \i.i« r.iriifil |.y iny f'-rif i!li» i "* ii"! f. irii. - .. 
vilii'li I- |ii. jM"!iitiu.i "■■II till- tifllit>f N"\tiiJ-r \:. ! 

l».l-<ilV l'i«k«'." !!• r** W •■ h,|\ !■ ;i Ti l:t Ilk il ■■!;■•■ *•:.*. 

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liif "]•« LKi r. liii'<'l. Mil iiii> 'l- -If M -■•)>liiiil\ -1- •;'..'.• *. 
tltii III' 111. It.:, ii.l ii> •■!!•• I, til it it u>i;l 1 \m liir:.\ w -'. . 
ri'iii|«i;it^ ill .' • •■! ..Jill -t itf \\*i*- il h- ! .1 pi.-f .f .* ; .; :. i. 
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i i)'iiir "Il t i.*- {• i:t • f i • 'iiiiii' nt i! -i. 

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time, and signed by six witnesses, each with his name and 
address in full: "The Lord No Zoo." It may he said — it 
has been said, for human wickedness has no limits — that 
there is no Lord of that name, and that, among the titles which 
have become extinct, none at all resembling this, in sound 
even, is to be discovered. But what is the irresistible infer- 
ence t Rejecting a theory broached by some well-meaning but 
mistaken persons, that this Mr. Toby Chuzzlewit's grandfather, 
to jndge from his name, must surely have been a Mandarin 
(which is wholly insupportable, for there is no pretence of his 
grandmother ever having been out of this country, or of any 
Mandarin having been in it, within some years of his father's 
birth, except those in the tea-shops, which cannot for a 
moment be regarded as having any bearing on the question, 
one way or other) ; rejecting this hypothesis, is it not manifest 
that Mr. Toby Chuzzlewit had either received the name imper- 
fectly from his father, or that he had forgotten it, or that he 
hftd misi^onounced it; and that, even at the recent period in 
queation, the Chuzzlewits were connected by a bend sinister, 
or kind of heraldic over-the-left, with some imknown noble 
and illustrious House t 

From documentary evidence, yet preserved in the family, the 

fact is clearly established that, in the comparatively modem 

days of the Diggory Chuzzlewit before mentioned, one of its 

members had attaine<l to very great wealth and influence. 

Throughout such fragments of his correspondence as have 

'•aped the ravages of the moths (wlio, in right of their 

extensive absorption of the contents of deeds and papers, may 

he called the general registers of the Insect World), we find 

kim making constant reference to an uncle, in respect of whom 

he would seem to have entertained groat expectations, as ho 

*ti in the habit of seeking to propitiate his favour by presents 

fi piste, jewels, books, watches, and other valuable artiolos. 

Tkm, he writes on one occasion to his brothor in roforonco to 

» grtvy-spoon, the brother's ])ro]K»rty, which ho CDiggnry") 

•wM appear to have l)orrowod or otherwise possessed himself 

it: "Do not l»e angry; I have parted with it — to my uncle.*' 

Oi iDother occasion he expresses himself in a similar manner 

•Ml reganl to a chihl's mug which had l)een entrusted to him 

git repaired. On another occasion he says, "I have l>e- 

■ad upon that irresistible uncle of mine everything 1 ever 


possessed. " And that he was in the habit of paying long and 
constant visits to this gentleman at his mansion, if, indeed, be 
did not wholly reside there, is manifest from the following 
sentence ; " With the exception of the suit of clothes I carry 
about with me, the whole of my wearing apparel is at present 
at my imcle's." This gentleman's patronage and inflaenoe 
must have been very extensive, for his nephew writes, "Hii 
interest is too high '' — " It is too much " — "It is tremendous'' 
— and the like. Still it does not appear (which is strange) to 
have procured for him any lucrative post at court or elsewhere, 
or to have conferred upon him any other distinction than that 
which was necessarily included in the countenance of so great 
a man, and the being invited by him to certain entertainmenta^ 
so splendid and costly in their nature that he emphatically 
calls them "Golden Balls." 

It is needless to multiply instances of the high and lofty 
station, and the vast importance of the Chuzzlewits, at different 
periods. If it came within the scope of reasonable probabili^ 
that further proofs were required, they might be heaped upon 
each other imtil they formed an Alps of testimony, beneath 
which the boldest scepticism should be crushed and beaten flat 
As a goodly tumulus is already collected, and decently battened 
up above the Family grave, the present chapter is content to 
leave it as it is; merely adding, by way of a final spadeful, 
that many Chuzzlewits, both male and female, are proved to 
demonstration, on the faith of letters written by their own 
mothers, to have had chiselled noses, undeniable chins, fonna 
that might have served the sculptor for a model, exquisitely 
turned limbs, and polished foreheads of so transparent a texture 
that the blue veins might be seen branching off in various 
directions, like so many roads on an ethereal map. This fact 
in itself, though it had been a solitary one, would have utterly 
settled and clenched the business in hand; for it is well 
known, on the authority of all the books which treat of such 
matters, that every one of these phenomena, but especially that 
of the chiselling, are invariably peculiar to, and only make 
themselves apparent in, persons of the very best condition. 

This history, having, to its own perfect satisfaction (and, 
consequently, to the full contentment of all its readers) proved 
the Chuzzlewits to have had an origin, and to have been at one 
time or other of an importance which cannot fail to render 


them highly improving and acceptable acquaintance to all 
right-minded individuals, may now proceed in earnest with its 
task. And having shown that they must have had, by reason 
of their ancient birth, a pretty large share in the foundation 
and increase of the human family, it will one day become its 
province to submit that such of its members as shall be intro- 
duced in these pages have still many counterparts and proto- 
types in the Great World about us. At present it contents 
iUelf with remarking, in a general way, on this head : Firstly, 
that it may be safely asserted, and yet without implying any 
direct participation in the Monboddo doctrine touching the 
piobalHlity of the human race having once been monkeys, that 
men do play very strange and extraordinary tricks. Secondly, 
and yet without trenching on the Blumenbach theory as to the 
dflfioendants of Adam having a vast number of qualities which 
belong more particularly to swine than to any other class of 
inimals in the creation, that some men certainly are remarkable 
for taking uncommon good care of themselves. 



WlirKRIS' <'KIIT.\IN l*KI{**<iN<* AKI'. I'lll '*r N'TKIl TO TNK BI tML 
Willi UllnM III Mi>, IK UK ri.> A*«K. IIK4 tillK feKTTKK U- 


It witn {•pttv I.iti* in t)i«- uiitntnii «•( tht* ypar. «Ik-c lb* 
cliTliiiiii^' Mill, htrn^';;liii^' lliriXi^'h tlic Iiii^t wliirh )bi*l ••Wur«^ 
it all <i.i,v, l«ii>kiti lai^lillv <i«i\%!i u|>i>ii a littli* \Vilt.-liir*> t'.:l4tiv, 
within an <'.i>v j<iiirni\ <>f tin- f.iir <iM tnwn nf Silif>l*un 

Liki' :i -Mil'li-ii tl i-h of iiH-iU'iry i>r h|>irit kiii<llin^ up tW 
iniii'l ••( .in I'l'l ni m, it -lifl :i ^'l>>ry ii|Nin tht* •ni-n**, in vKi^h 
it- >l«{iirt>'l \"':t)i iifl fii <- — -•'Mii-il t'l ll\i- tipTAitL Tkr 
\%il ;;r 1-- I'liki' 1 in tin l:/]:t tin ■".iiit\ {mIi K« - -f \»r'.r*» 
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a graceful pattern in the stubbled fields. On the motionless 
branches of some trees, autumn berries hung like clusters of 
coral beads, as in those fabled orchards where the fruits were 
jewels; others, stripped of all their garniture, stood, each the 
centre of its little heap of bright red leaves, watching their 
slow decay; others again, still wearing theirs, had them all 
crunched and crackled up, as though they had been burnt; 
about the stems of some were piled, in ruddy mounds, the 
apples they had borne that year; while others (hardy ever- 
greens, this class) showed somewhat stem and gloomy in their 
vigour, as charged by nature with the admonition that it is not 
to her more sensitive and joyous favourites she grants the long- 
est term of life. Still athwart their darker boughs, the sun- 
beams struck out paths of deeper gold; and the red light, 
maatling in among their swarthy branches, used them as foils 
to set its brightness off, and aid the lustre of the dying day. 

A moment^ and its glory was no more. The sun went down 
beneath the long dark lines of hiU and cloud which piled up 
in the west an airy city, wall heaped on wall, and battlement 
on battlement ; the light was all withdrawn ; the shining church 
toned cold and dark; the stream forgot to smile; the birds 
vere silent; and the gloom of winter dwelt on everything. 

An evening wind uprose, too, and the slighter branches 
cracked and rattled as they moved in skeleton dances, to its 
moaning music The withering leaves, no longer quiet, hurried 
**» and fro in search of shelter from its chill pursuit; the 
^bourer unyoked his horses, and, with head bent down, trudged 
l^iskly home beside them; and from the cottage windows lights 
began to glance and wink upon the darkening fields. 

Tben the village forge came out in all its bright importance. 
Tbe lusty l)ellow8 roared ha, ha ! to the clear fire which roared 
^ turn, and ba<le the shining sparks dance gaily to the merry 
clinking of the hammers on the anvil. The gloaming iron, in 
*t« emulation, sparkled, too, and shed its red-hot gems around 
profusely. The strong smith and his men dealt such strokes 
ttpon their work as made even the melancholy night rejoice, 
^ brought a glow into its dark face as it hovered a]x)ut the 
^oor and windows, peeping curiously in above the shoulders of 
• 4tten loungers. As to this idle company, there they stood, 
IpiU-bound by the place, and, ca.sting now and then a glance 
; ^on the darkness in their rear, settled their lazy elbows more 



nt v:i>v iijiiiii th«' hill, iiml Iciiiii'il a Iittli* further in, u> s. ?• 
iIi-|Ni.M>ii tt) ti'.ir tlh'iiiM-lvri awiiy tli.iii if tlity )it*i (■•« :« '■•>-. 

tn rln-tiT FmUIpI tip* l»I.i/ili;^ li*Mllli Ilkt' *«* tiikliv iri'ktC" 

Out ti|iiiii thi' aiiu'rv \viiiil! Imw fMin •.i^inii^', it > •.-%:. '. 
liltistiT riiiiii>i tin* iii<'iry f<ir;^i-, lMn>*iii;; at tti*- m: k*:, «.*. : 
^niiiiltliii;^ 111 thf f-hiiiiiitv, im if it )iullii>il tin* }••'**} UIi,«t 
fur ilMiit;^ :iii\lliiii«' lii •'rili't. .Vii<l :iii iiii|»*t* lit •« i«:«:>r*r 
it w.L'*, t>*s f'lr .ill it^ ii'ii.oi', fur if it h.i'i .iiiv iiit!iitii> •• . :; •».«>*i* ('••mil iiii'iii, tt \\.i.-% liiit til iii.iki- luin r^ hm •:«•«.'?. 
mhi^' tli»' I'll I'T, Jtil liv i-.ii-.ii|M»'ii« !■ I'l iiiik*- llif tirr l" .n. : .■ 
liriu'lit«"r. nM'l tl>" -jiirk- !•• •l.iiiff lU'rr i^miIv v^t. Al \- 1.^'. , 
llii-v wlii//fii "I iiiiillv fx'iii-l .iii>l r<iuii>i tit. it It \K.k-» U»' ::. . i 
fir >«i»'li ii - iilv wiU'I li U'.ir, 'n •'!!' it !!• « with 4 i.- • ^ 
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went thit ill" I'ti".!' hii^'oii w 1.^ iiinri' r.iiiipiiil til 111 -.*^^! *«-• 
iftiTw ipj-, IK 1, iiilii'l, liif'<ri- < liii-iiii.i-, r«MP-l 1 1* alt .: : 
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into his passage; whither the wind following close upon them, 
and finding the hack-door open, incontinently blew out the 
lighted candle held by Miss Pecksniff, and slammed the front- 
door against Mr. Pecksniff who was at that moment entering, 
with such violence, that in the twinkling of an eye he lay on 
his hack at the bottom of the steps. Being by this time weary 
of such trifling performances, the boisterous rover hurried away 
rejoicing, roaring over moor and meadow, hill and flat, until 
it got out to sea, where it met with other winds similarly dis- 
posed, and made a night of it 

In the mean time Mr. Pecksniff, having received, from a 
sharp angle in the bottom step but one, that sort of knock on 
the head which lights up for the patient's entertainment an 
imaginary general illumination of very bright short-sixes, lay 
placidly staring at his own street-door. And it would seem 
to have been more suggestive in its aspect than street-doors 
usually are, for he continued to lie there rather a lengthy and 
unreasonable time, without so much as wondering whether he 
was hurt or no; neither when Miss Pecksniff inquired through 
the keyhole in a shrill voice, which might have belonged to 
s wind in its teens, " Who 's there 1 " did he make any reply ; 
nor when Miss Pecksniff opened the door again, and, shading 
the candle with her hand, peered out, and looked provokingly 
round him, and about him, and over him, and everywhere but 
at him, did he offer any remark, or indicate in any manner the 
least hint of a desire to be picked up. 

** / see you, " crieil Miss Pecksniff, to the ideal inflicter of 
a ninaway knock. "You '11 catch it, sir! " 

Still Mr. Pecksniff, perhaps from having caught it already, 
said nothing. 

"You're round the comer now," cried Miss Pecksniff. 
She said it at a venture, but there was ap])ropriate matter in it, 
t«x>; for Mr. Pecksniff, lx?ing in the act of extinguishing the 
candles before mentioned pretty rapidly, and of reducing the 
number of brass knolis on his street-door from four or five 
hondre<l (which had previously been juggling of their own 
aooord before his eyes in a very novel manner) to a dozen or 
might in one sense have been said to l)e coining round the 
, and just turning it. 

With a sharjily delivered warning relative to the cage and 
the constable, and the stocks and the gallows, Miss Pecksniff 


. H ;: t.i il..*i- till' il«N'r .iL'-nii, « Inn Mr. rt4k*ir.!T '•• :.■ 
i! i}ii- )*ilt>'in lif till- •*1f)i«i iMi-tii |,iii(-t If i>h ••:.• r. • V 

'Iliil \.pj'. !" i-ri.'.l Mi- P..k-Mi!l. "ii.\ juMi!'" 
\l ihi-^ i-\< 1.III1 itioii. iiii>il}i>r Mi>- ri>k«iiiit U^:ii<-i^l -At 
thi- j'.irl"Mr. .iii'I till- twi« Mj-- !'• I k^iiitl^. »iih II. iii\ i:,-*..- 

-jVi'" ll..\ .i!..| Ml ..TM.rl. 'T-i! S|...k. r.i' U :. : 

I'ltit .1- .1 ; • r.'i- I.. Ill ■• 1 "k-. in -Mr li .1 • i-i- •■( .11 •!}■••, ,•• 
\'\ III! III! .Ill- iiifl'i 111- xuh '"hir"!. Mi. r><k> • :' ! 
til k«'fp lii- iiii-'llt ii.'! Ill' t\*- \ft\ \\ \'\i- 'j-Ti. .i:.-: • .? 
1.1- Iiiui't i-ws, -'•]\i» \\}. i\ .!!;• T III! ii..iiiii> I t-f .1 !• \ I. : ' r t ft • • 

.llhi ■!.■< hlo lilt }|.|>I fillili •ll, .i!.>l It)- f l< • W.l" |>.t!*. k- . I 

h.iir •T*-(-t, ii.-i }.i- • if Ti.-:-il\, ill! 'jM.iii'.. !.•• ]>rt-»t.|.-: « •• 
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the youngest Miss Pecksniff was so young as to be, as one may 
taj, forced to sit upon a stool, by reason of the shortness of 
W legs. Miss Pecksniff sat upon a stool, because of her 
iimplicity and innocence, which were very great, very great. 
Hiss Pecksniff sat upon a stool, because she was all girlishness, 
and playfulness, and wildness, and kittenish buoyancy. She 
was the most arch and at the same time the most artless crea- 
tore, was the youngest Miss Pecksniff, that you can possibly 
imagine. It was her great charm. She was too fresh and 
goileleasy and too full of child-like vivacity, was the youngest 
Miss Pecksniff to wear combs in her hair, or to turn it up, 
or to frizzle it, or braid it. She wore it in a crop, a loosely 
flowing crop, which had so many rows of curls in it that the 
top row was only one curl. Moderately buxom was her shape, 
and quite womanly, too; but sometimes — yes, sometimes — 
the even wore a pinafore; and how charming that was! Oh! 
sbe was, indeed, ''a gushing thing" (as a young gentleman had 
observed in verse, in the Poet's Comer of a provincial news- 
paper), was the youngest Miss Pecksniff! 

Mx. Pecksniff was a moral man, a grave man, a man of 
noble sentiments and speech; and he had had her christened 
Mercy. Mercy ! oh, what a charming name for such a pure- 
eooled Being as the youngest Miss Pecksniff! Her sister's 
name was Charity. There was a good thing! Mercy and 
Charity I And Charity, with her fine, strong sense, and her 
mild, yet not reproachful gravity, was so well named, and did 
9*> well set off and illustrate her sister ! ^^^lat a pleasant sight 
was that, the contrast they presented: to see each loved and 
loving one sympathising witli, and devoted to, and leaning on, 
and yet correcting and counter-checking, and, as it were, anti- 
doting, the other! To behold each damsel, in her very admi- 
ration of her sister, setting up in business for herself on an 
entirely different principle, and announcing no connection witli 
over- the- way, and if the quality of goods at that establishment 
don't please you, you are respectfully invited to favour me 
with a call! And the crowning circumstance of the whole 
delightful catalogue was that both the fair creatures were so 
vtteriy unconscious of all this! They had no idea of it. 
They no more thought or dreamed of it than Mr. Pecksniff 
did* Nature played them off against each other ; they had no 
in it^ the two ^liss Pecksniffs. 



It h.'k't lifon n*marki'>I tlint Mr. riTkNiiifT wah a m-nl r..xz, 
Si hi' w.i.-«. l'i-r)i.i|is tliiTi' ii*«vi'r wiin u ni<in* lU'iral tr. Ui '.- ^ 
Mr. I^'(•k^llit^; f-|Hri.illv in lii> «'niiv«'r'viti<iii .iii<i o.rr»-> :. : 
<*iiri*. It ^iM.- tiiiif /•.-liii I'f liiiii liv a IpuiM'lv :ft<liuir>r ir.^: ;^ 

hml II K* irt 11. -^'-s pur f ^imhI fM-iitiiiii-iitr* in lu^ iit-;i". 1^ 

tlii.N |Mrtii' III- M.i.^ Ilk*' ilp* ^irl iii tlir fury*-, -I'-.c, if t)i<'\ »•■!•■ ii>il >lMiii>i|iilh uliiili fi'll fr>>rn }..• ^;*, 
tli»-\ ui'if til'- \'r\ ).rij:li!i'-l |'»-t*-, .ui'l -Ii-im* |tr-i;,:; •'.•.! 
Ill' u':l- .1 iij-i't i\i-nj|i] iiy mill, fulli-r <>f \irtu«iu-« ]iri<«:-: *..'.*£ 
.1 i-.«p\ -!»■•> ik. S-iiin- |m-.i|iIi' liki ip'>1 Itiiii t'l i ■lir»»?: ■:. .•-'*, 
wlu'h i-o .ih\ .t> •> 1< lliiii; tin* u i\ !•> .i |>li<<-, 4icl ikt^<r »" »« 
th'T*-; )»'il lli''f wiTi- 111' • M« ii.:i -, !|j" ^'.» •* i-.i-! V% :j 
)iri;^'litii<--^> ; \i.i-« .ill. ]|j« \t-rv llip^-it \« i^ riioril. \ ; 

K.IW A 'pjii*-! il'il iif ll. y.i'l i'l'ki-'l •■\lT .1 \»T\ 1 » ft? . i 

white tMv it iMlMri-'I ri<> r:i.iii hi'l t\.r l« li*-li| t)it t.>. ! r '* 

fk-ttlH-ii l1 U'lll.'i', lll-l t}|i !■■ it ll\, .1 \ ill* V )• t 

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a strictly architectural employment. His genius lay in ensnar- 
ing parents and guardians, and pocketing premiums. A young 
gentleman's premium being paid, and the young gentleman 
come to Mr. Pecksniff's house, Mr. Pecksniff borrowed his 
case of mathematical instruments (if silver-mounted or other- 
wise valuable) ; entreated him, from that moment, to consider 
himself one of the family; complimented him highly on his 
parents or guardians, as the case might be; and turned him 
loose in a spacious room on the two-pair front, where, in the 
company of certain drawing-boards, parallel rulers, very stiff- 
legged compasses, and two, or perhaps three, other young 
gentlemen, he improved himself, for three or five years, accord- 
ing to his articles, in making elevations of Salisbury Cathedral 
from every possible point of sight; and in constructing in the 
air a vast quantity of Castles, Houses of Parliament, and other 
Public Buildings. Perhaps in no place in the world were so 
many gorgeous edifices of this class erected as under Mr. Peck- 
sniff's auspices; and if but one twentieth part of the churches 
which were built in that front room, with one or other of the 
Miss Pecksniffs at the altar in the act of marrying the architect, 
could only be made available by the parliamentary commission- 
ers, no more churches would be wanted for at least live centu- 

"Even the worldly goods of which we have just disposed," 
said Mr. Pecksniff, glancing round tho table wlien he had 
finished; "even cream, sugar, tea, toast, ham, — '* 
"And eggs," suggested Charity in a low voice. 
" — and eggs," said Mr. Pecksniff — "even they have their 
moral. See how they come and go! P^very pleasure is transi- 
tory. We can't even eat, long. If we indulge in harmless 
fluids, we get the dropsy; if in exciting liquids, we got drunk. 
What a soothing reflection is that ! " 

"Don't say we get drunk. Pa," urged the eldest Miss Peck- 

"When I say we, my dear," returned her father, "I mean 

mankind in general; the human race, considered as a body, 

and not as individuals. There is nothing personal in morality, 

my love. Even such a thing as this," said Mr. Pecksniff, 

laying the forefinger of his left hand uj)on the brown paper 

patch on the top of his head, " slight casual Imldness though it 

^ reminds us that we are but" — he was going to say 



'•wi»riii>," l»«it, rrfullfi'tin^' that wuriii- ui-n* u»*i ri*riiArViV' * r 

lllMiU iif ll.lil. 111' MllotllUtfil " tli-nh .lllil MimhI." 

" Wliii'li." iiii«l Mr. I*«tk-nill' .ifti-r .1 |«.r:--, -I'lr-.r.,' « 
Iji* -ti'im-il 1" li.iw U»n I M-iiii^' .i^-iiit fiif .1 !!• w I'.Til, .' 1 "• : 
• juilt' «.tji-.i'-|iilly, "whi'li I- :il-ti \iry -'-•tliih^'. M«:^, * t 
«|tMi, -tir ilii- Imi* .iii'i ilniiw u]i !lif tin'li-r-." 

Tin- \n'ihj l.i»l\ -il»\iil, .iM<l, lii\iii^' i|«'!i , f'- :■..»"'. ^■- 

!^tii>i), ii|ii<o.i ..i:f iiiii ii|ti<ii lii-i fitliir'" kii>->-, k:i I It.. '•' 
)ilii<>ii.i!u* I ill . j» ■;]. M jf. Mj-' <"h4iit\ i||i w lii-r 'f.»:r :.•»"•" 
\\\f !>!•■, I' "ii«- j'i'jMit'l (••! i-"iiMi - ili>'ii, .in*i 1 ■• k"i ! »*.":• 
lii'i f.itlit-i. 

•■\.-," -r.l Ml I'. H \ !M. ift.r .1 -I..T? pm-.. 'l':r:!..- » : '. 
In- li nl U I'M -!l-!i!l. ■.. l::i.'. iii'i 'liik'.i.: Ii'.- }»• I'i .1! *.] ' • •* 
— " 1 li.i\'' ij i!ii ^- ■ It I •!! :. i'» Ml til- .it1 iisi'i.i n! ..f ::.;. • ■ •. 
A li»'\v nil;, it- w 'M \i!. i, r!l\ •■■imi- ili; li^' J'." 

•• A \.i-.!l:. I'.i'i ' " 1 K- -I < li ir:!v. 

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a meioenary girl you are ! oh you naughty, thoughtful, prudent 
thing! ^' 

It was perfectly charming, and worthy of the Pastoral age, 
to see how the two Miss Pecksniffs slapped each other after 
this, and then suhsided into an emhrace expressive of their 
different dispositions. 

''He is well-looking," said Mr. Pecksniff, slowly and dis- 
tinctly; " well- looking enough. I do not positively expect 
any immediate premium with him." 

Notwithstanding their different natures, both Charity and 
Mercy concurred in opening their eyes imcommonly wide at 
this announcement, and in looking for the moment as blank 
•A if their thoughts had actually had a direct bearing on the 
nuun chance. 

'* But what of that ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, still smiling at the 
tire. ^' There is disinterestedness in the world, 1 hope! We 
are not all arrayed in two opposite ranks, — the offensive and 
the deieimYB, Some few there are who walk between; who 
help the needy as they go ; and take no part with either side ! 

There was something in these morsels of philanthropy which 
reaeaured the sisters. They exchanged glances, and brightened 
very much. 

** Oh ! let us not be for ever calculating, devising, and plot- 
ting for the future," said Mr. Pecksniff, smiling more and 
more, and looking at the fire as a man might, who was crack- 
ing a joke with it; "I am weary of such arts. If our incli- 
nations are but good and open-hearted, let us gratify them 
boldly, though they bring upon us Loss instead of Profit. Eh, 
Charity T " 

Glancing towards his daughters for the first time since he 
had begun these reflections, and seeing that they both smiled, 
Mr. Pecksniff eyed them for an instant ko jocosely (though 
still with a kind of saintly waggishness) that the younger one 
waa moved to sit upon his knee forthwith, put lier fair arms 
round bin neck, and kiss him twenty times. During the whole 
of this affectionate display she laughed to a most immo<lerate 
extent, in which hilarious indulgence even the prudent Cherry 

"Tut^ tut," said Mr. Pecksniff, pusliing his latest-bom 
nrijt i^nd running his fingers through his hair, as he resumed 

▼Ok L 



hii^ tr:iiH|uil fiKc " folly !•> (}ii«? Iji t <i.t uk< >."•: 

tin- <li«im'-tn' ii»'W.- ?.iUii- \i-.-t* r>l.i\ ? •Ii'l.ii \\t-«:l«k i« .* -. 
1 li"jii' f '* 

" Ii.'1't-I, ii'»." !-.ip1 <'h;inly. 

" Aii-I wliy n-t r* i. ! »ii."l I.I r f.itl.«r. "Ili- !.-nii .\;.-'.: 
v«'>t«-rii i\ . Aii'l l.i- l-'\ ^^ 1.^ i'.iiki'«!, I Lii'W . ('.r 1 •.* •.. 

ill till- Ii.'TllMi,.'. ' II. !!:i.' Mi l)i«- )i ill." 

"I!«- -1« |»t lit ii;.i.t .it till Pri^'ii." P!':rii'«l I*.- ^ .v.- 
l:iil\, ".ilrl Im'I Mr. I'liii li t-i iliip- Willi li:*; '\"i>' \ •-• ■ ' 

tl.^- I'M 1. .11^' !'/'tl.'!. .III! Mr. 1*11.1 li \* I' I. I 1. '■:.»• :,.! i.r 
Lit.- " 

•' An'l wlnu I '».i\* l.'.Mi I'll tli»- -liir* tlji- fii- riijii^', I'x, •! . 
Ml r«-\ v:t)i !.■ r i.-; :! ; ::»l.'I:rii --, "In 1 -k*!. K ^' -.:,■.••■. 
j»Mi/i .1 ii."i.!'r' \*:!l. i.i f !■ - .ill li. iiiiit-r •■( • linir*, x: . :..• 
•■\i- I* '1.11 i- :f t!.' ;. I; : I '••!: I-.!- i. .iii-l I.:- !.•»■! . ■..:; 
ilr« lif ili\. I .«!ii .'• i\ .. t!.. i- K 'i it. ii.-t i.i- 
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\,t-i. 1 ''i«.! • ., •'•." I 

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can be expected from any man alive (even the most degraded, 
which Mr. Pinch is not, no, really) ; but Mr. Pinch has disap- 
pointed me; he has hurt me; I think a little the worse of him 
on this account, but not of human nature. Oh, no, no ! " 

" Hark I " said Miss Charity, holding up her finger, as a 
gentle rap was heard at the street-door. ''There is the crea- 
ture! Now mark my words, he has come back with John 
Westlock for his box, and is going to help him to take it to 
the maiL Only mark my words, if that is n't his intention! '' 

Even as she spoke, the box appeared to be in progress of 
XAveyance from the house, but, after a brief murmuring of 
question and answer, it was put down again, and somebody 
Icnocked at the parlour door. 

"Come in!" cried Mr. Pecksniff — not severely; only virtu- 
yajdj. "Come in!'* 

An ungainly, awkward-looking man, extremely short-sighted, 
md prematurely bald, availed himself of this permission; and 
Being that Mr. Pecksniff sat with his back towards him, gazing 
it the fire, stood hesitating, with the door in his hand. He 
vas far from handsome certainly; and was dressed in a snuff- 
floured suit, of an uncouth make at the best, which, being 
ihninken with long wear, was twisted and tortured into all 
dnds of odd shapes; but notwithstanding his attire, and his 
rlamsy figure, which a great stoop in his shoulders, and a 
ludicrous habit he had of thrusting his head forward, by no 
means redeemed, one would not have been disposed (unless 
Mr. Pecksniff said so) to consider him a bad fellow by any 
means. He was, perhaps, about thirty, but he might have been 
dmost any age between sixteen and sixty ; being one of those 
strange creatures who never decline into an ancient appearance, 
but look their oldest when they are very young, and get it 
>ver at once. 

Keeping his hand upon the lock of the door, he glanced 
[rom Mr. Pecksniff to Mercy, from Mercy to Charity, and 
Erom Charity to Mr. Pecksniff again, several times: but the 
foang ladies being as intent upon the fire as their father was, 
md neither of the three taking any notice of him, he was fain 
to mjt at last, — 

Oh! I beg your pardon, Mr. Pecksniff — I beg your par- 
lor intruding, but — " 
Ko intrusion, Mr. Pincli," said that gentleman very 


sweetly, but without looking round. "Pray be seated, Mr. 
Pinch. Have the goodness to shut the door, Mr. Pinch, if 
you please." 

"Certainly, sir,'' said Pinch; not doing so, however, but 
holding it rather wider open than before, and beckoning ner- 
vously to somebody without; "Mr. Westlock, sir, hearing that 
you were come home — " 

" Mr. Pinch, Mr. Pinch ! " said Pecksniff, wheeling his chair 
about, and looking at him with an aspect of the deepest mehm- 
choly, "I did not expect this from you. I have not deserved 
this from you ! " 

" No, but, upon my word, sir — " urged Pinch. 

"The less you say, Mr. Pinch," interposed the other, "the 
better. I utter no complaint. Make no defence." 

"No, but do have the goodness, sir," cried Pinch, with great 
earnestness, "if you please. Mr. Westlock, sir, going away 
for good and all, wishes to leave none but friends behind him. 
Mr. Westlock and you, sir, had a little difference the other 
^y'f you hsLve had many little differences." 

" Little differences 1 " cried Charity. 

" Little differences ! " echoed Mercy. 

" My loves ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, with the same serene 
upraising of his hand; "my dears!" After a solemn pause 
he meekly bowed to Mr. Pinch, as who should say, "Pro- 
ceed;" but Mr. Pinch was so very much at a loss how to 
resume, and looked so helplessly at the two Miss Pecksnifis, 
that the conversation would most probably have terminated 
there, if a good-looking youth, newly arrived at man's estate, 
had not stepped forward from the doorway and taken up the 
thread of the discourse. 

"Come, Mr. Pecksniff," he said, with a smile, "don't let 
there be any ill-blood between us, pray. I am sorry we have 
ever differed, and extremely sorry I have ever given you 
offence. Bear me no ill-will at parting, sir." 

"I bear," answered Mr. Pecksniff mildly, "no ill-will to 
any man on earth." 

"I told you he didn't," said Pinch in an underton3; "I 
knew he didn't! He always says he don't." 

" Then you will shake hands, sir 1 " cried Westlock, advan- 
cing a step or two, and bespeaking Mr. Pinch's close attention 
by a glance. 

• ■ 

■ ■ J 



XJmph ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, in his most winning tone. 
You will shake hands^ sir f ^' 

No» John," said Mr. Pecksniff, with a calmness quite 
ethereal ; '* no, I will not shake hands, John. I have foigiven 
you. I had already forgiven you, even hefore you ceased to 
reproach and taunt me. I have embraced you in the spirit, 
John, which is better than shaking hands." 

''Pinch," said the youth, turning towards him, with a 
hearty disgust of his late master, '' what did I tell you ? " 

Poor Pinch looked down uneasily at Mr. Pecksniff^ whose 
eye was fixed upon him as it had been from the first; and look- 
ing up at the ceiling again, made no reply. 

"As to your forgiveness, Mr. Pecksniff," said the youth, 
"I 'U not have it upon such terms. I won't be forgiven." 

"Won't you, John?" retorted Mr. Pecksniff, with a smile. 
"You must. You can't help it. Forgiveness is a high qual- 
ity ; an exalted virtue ; far above your control or influence, 
John. I will forgive you. You cannot move me to remember 
any wrong you have ever done me, John." 

" Wrong ! " cried the other, with all the heat and impetuosity 
of his age. "Here's a pretty fellow! Wrong! Wrong I 
have done him ! He 'U not even remember the five hundred 
pounds he had with me under false pretences; or the seventy 
jxjunds a year for board and lodging that would have been dear 
at seventeen ! Here 's a martyr! " 

"Money, John," said Mr. Pecksniff, "is the root of all evil. 
I grieve to see that it is already bearing evil fruit in you. But 
I will not remember its existence. I will not even remember 
the conduct of that misguided person " — and here, although he 
spoke like one at peace with all the world, he used an emphasis 
that plainly said " I have my eye upon the rascal now " — " that 
miiiguided person who has brought you here to-night, seeking 
to disturb (it is a happiness to say, in vain) the heart's ref)ose 
and peace of one who would have shed his dearest blood to 
iervc him." 

The voice of ^Ir. Pecksniff trembled as he spoke, and sobs 
were heard from his daughters. Sounds floated on the air, 
moreover, as if two spirit voices had exclaimed — one, " Beast ! " 
the other, " Savage ! " 

"Forgiveness," said Mr. Pecksniff, "entire and pure forgive- 
MM 18 not incompatible with a wounded heart ; perchance when 


the heart is wounded, it becomes a greater virtue. With mj 
breast still wrung and grieved to its inmost core by the iiignti- 
tude of that person, I am proud and glad to say that I foigiTe 
him. Nay ! I beg, " cried Mr. Pecksniff, raising his voice, as 
Pinch appeared about to speak — "I beg that individual not to 
offer a remark; he will truly oblige me by not uttering one 
word, just now. I am not sure that I am equal to the trial 
In a very short space of time, I shall have sufficient fortitude, 
I trust, to converse with him as if these events had never hap- 
pened. But not," said Mr. Pecksniff, turning round again 
towards the fire, and waving his hand in the direction of the 
door — " not now. " 

" Bah ! " cried John Westlock, with the utmost disgust and 
disdain the monosyllable is capable of expressing. ''Ladies, 
good evening. Come, Pinch, it 's not worth thinking of. I 
was right and you were wrong. That 's a small matter; you'll 
be wiser another time." 

So saying, he clapped that dejected companion on the 
shoulder, turned upon his heel, and walked out into the pas- 
sage, whither poor Mr. Pinch, after lingering irresolutely in 
the parlour for a few seconds, expressing in his countenance the 
deepest mental misery and gloom, followed him. Then they 
took up the box between them, and sallied out to meet the 

That fleet conveyance passed, every night, the comer of a 
lane at some distance; towards which point they bent their 
steps. For some minutes they walked along in silence, until 
at length young Westlock burst into a loud laugh, and at inte^ 
vals into another, and another. Still there was no response 
from his companion. 

"I '11 tell you what, Pinch! " he said abruptly, after another 
lengthened silence — "you haven't half enough of the devil in 
you. Half enough ! You have n't any." 

" Well! " said Pinch with a sigh, "I don't know, I 'm sure. 
It 's a compliment to say so. If I have n't, I suppose I 'm all 
the better for it." 

"All the better!" repeated his companion tartly; "all the 
worse, you mean to say." 

" And yet, " said Pinch, pursuing his own thoughts and not 
this last remark on the part of his friend, " I must have a good 
deal of what you call the devil in me, too, or how could I 



make Pecksniff so uncomfortable f I would n't have occasioned 
him so much distress — don't laugh, please — for a mine of 
money; and Heaven knows I could find good use for it» too, 
John. How grieved he was ! " 

^He grieved! '* returned the other. 

^Why didn't you observe that the tears were almost start- 
ing oat of his eyes ! " cried Pinch. *' Bless my soul, John, is 
it nothing to see a man moved to that extent and know one's 
self to be the cause ! And did you hear him say that he could 
hare shed his blood for me f " 

" Do you want any blood shed for you ? " returned his 
friend, with considerate irritation. '* Does he shed anything 
for you that you do want? Does he shed employment for you, 
instniction for you, pocket-money for youf Does he shed 
even l^s of mutton for you in any decent proportion to pota- 
toes and garden stuff? ^' 

I am afraid, '' said Pinch, sighing again, 'Hhat I 'm a great 
; I can't disguise from myself that I 'm a great eater. 
^aw jcKk know that, John." 

^ You a great eater!" retorted his companion, with no less 
indignation than before. " How do you know you are f " 

There appeared to be forcible matter in this inquiry, for Mr. 
Pinch only repeated in an undertone that he had a strong 
misgiving on the subject, and that he greatly feared he was. 

"Besides, whether I am or no," he added, "that has little 
or nothing to do with his thinking me ungrateful. John, 
there is scarcely a sin in the world that is in my eyes such a 
crying one as ingratitude; and when he taxes me with that, 
and believes me to be guilty of it, he makes me miserable and 

"Do you think he don't know that?" returned the other 
•comfully. " But come, Pinch, before I say anything more to 
yoo, just run over the reasons you have for being grateful to 
him at all, will you? Change hands first, for the box is 
lieavy. That '11 do. Now, go on." 

"In the first place," said Pinch, "he took me as his pupil 
lor much less than he asked. " 

"Well," rejoined his friend, perfectly unmoved by this 
iMtanoe of generosity. " What in the second place ? " 

**What in the second place!" cried Pinch, in a sort of 
"why everything in the second place. My poor 



oM i!nnilm"th-r «lii-l Jiii'i'V !-■ think that *ht h-i.! y:'. " ■ m • 
p'iih an •■T«-f 111 ijt in.iu. I li ivi* u'T»»wii n|» hi hi- li" •^, I .r. 
ill hi- »'Mniiiliiii-r, I ;i!ii hi- :i--i-t.iiit, h*» all"W« ni- ^ '^x.xrt 
wlit-ti hi- h-:-iii' -- iin|T"\i-, ti;v j-r'*)--!-!* .ir*- t" irr.j • w. •-. 
All thi-, .iii'l .1 il'-il i::"ri', 1- Hi lh»- -••■•■Ti«i j-l». ■ \" . 
in th»' \»-ry pr 1 ■/':•■ iinl ]T»fi''- t.- th«- fir«l )'li»». .' *.• . 
niu-t ri'i»-iiiir I' >. whi- h ii't»"l\ k!i"W- )■ ttt r r'l.w I :*.*: ! 
Will. U-rn f"T ii.;i h ]•! iiip r lU-i ji-^-rt-r ll.i!;.--, !)ti! I \t ■ r i 
^•■nmI hail'! .it li: k:i. 1 t.f h:]^Hi< •-, ;iii'l hi\i- T:- I i'.' * ' * ' ', 
i.r, Hi-h-t'l, f- r iri\:!.i:..- . 1-- hiit --l-i- .»ii«l • n«!- !hi! ir» i r 
ii-i- iif ■M-rvpi- t«. III'. ^•••1\ . " 

III- ^ii'i tli> u:!h -. li.nh I'lri;* -?:it -^, iii*! hi a !■■:■ - ' 
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lit* ]»•■ ^.lt li-wij 'li t!.« K\ '!}(i\ hi.j },\ lh:- !it:.. •■ \ *.•- ■ "' 
lHik'*'r-I'"-t Jit th» •!.! -f thi- l.ilii I: ■'!'.■!!• 1 liH;i t ■■ •:: i »l 
U-i'h- hjTM. i:il I i: i l.i' 1. iiil ■.;■ :i \.'.- h -.M'-r 

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all she bad, and more than he expected: not he, Tom! He 
doesn't keep yoa as his assistant because you are of any use to 
bim; because yoor wonderful faith in his pretensions is of 
iu e ati mable service in all his mean disputes; because your 
bonesky reflects honesty on him ; because your wandering about 
this little place all your spare hours, reading in ancient books, 
and foreign tongues, gets noised abroad even as far as Salis- 
buy — making of him, Pecksniff the master, a man of learning 
and of vast importance. He gets no credit from you, Tom, 

"Why, of course he don't," said Pinch, gazing at his friend 
with a more troubled aspect than before. '* Pecksniff get credit 
iK^kme! WeU!" 

** Don't I say that it's ridiculous," rejoined the other, 
"eren to think of such a thing? " 

''Why, it 's madness," said Tom. 

"Madness!" returned young Westlock. "Certainly it's 
madnww Who bat a madman would suppose he cares to hear 
it said on Sondays that the volunteer who plays the organ in 
the ehmch, and practises on summer evenings in the dark, is 
Mr. PecksnifTs young man, eh, Tom? Who but a madman 
would suppose it is the game of such a man as he to have 
his name in everybody's mouth, connected with the thousand 
useless odds and ends you do (and which, of course, lie taught 
you), eh, Tom? AVho but a madman would suppose you 
advertifte him hereabouts, much cheaper and much l^etter than 
a chalker on the walls could, eh, Tomi As well might one 
suppose that he doesn't on all occasions pour out his whole 
hoirt and soul to you ; that he does n't make you a very liberal 
and indeed rather an extravagant allowance; or, to be more 
wild and monstrous still, if that be possible, as well might one 
suppose," and here, at every word, he struck him lightly on 
tne breast, "that Pecksniff tradeil in your nature, and that 
your nature was to be timid and distrustful of yourself, and 
trustful of all other men, but most of all of him who least 
deserves it. Tliore would be madness, Tom I " 

Mr. Pinch had listened to all this with looks of ])ewilder- 
nent, which seemed to be in part occasioned by the matter of 
kit companion's speech, and in part by his rapid and vehement 
Now that he had come to a close, he drew a very 
brettth; and gazing wistfully in his face as if he were 



Qiiablr to fw^ttle in hiit own mint! what rxpitwaino it wt-ir«»« xx»\ 
w«*r«* (iwinmK to draw frf»ni it an f^MMl a clue U» hu rral m«-«£t 
in^ as it wan inNwiUo to olitain in th«« (lark, wan at>«jt *.- 
aniiwvr, when tin* iuiun<i of th«* mail i^ianrii horn ramr r}tr^r.\x 
U|ion th<*ir «*ans putting an imni«*«liitt«* vud to thr rtofr-r^rv**- 
grmtly an it i«4*«*mtMi to thi* mtihfui'tinn of tht* ymm^r man w!> 
jum|M«d up hri.»kly, An«i gav«* hij* liaml to hin rom|HUii<in. 

*M<oth YiamU, Tom. I hIuiII writi* t4i you fr<»m I^a-Ic;. 
mimi : •• 

** Y***," «ai<i l*inrh. ** Y«'m — ilo, i»lraiw*. (fOi»«l-liy- fr.«»l 
by. I can hanlly U*li«*vi* you 'r«* pung. It iwmii n«»w >«^t 
yef«t4*nlay that you ram«'. C^MNi-liy! my ih-ar i»ltl ft-Uow!'* 

•lohn WfntltH'k r»*turn«*«l hm imrtinf; witnU mith t»-> Wmi 
hf'artinMM of niann«T« iin«l H(inin>; up t«t hi<* iwat u|ii>n tlar rW. 
Oflfwcnt th«* mail at a nint4*r ilown th«* iLirk Mail; thr laaps 
gh*aming hrightly, and tli** honi awakening all tlir f<ch'a«« far 
and wi<liv 

•Mjo yii'ir wiy*/' «^iid Pinrh, ai-i-tr-'iilii-sini: thr riwirh . "I 
n\u«ilv i»«r-; i-li- T:n -• If Kiit \'ii'ri' a!i\r, and an* fcfn* 
)iT*'.\X iii"n-t«r wli'i VI-:!-. tlii-*' jt »irt.iiri intfr>.il4. t.i *wia? 
mv fri«'?i'N iw i\ ir.! • th*- W'-rM. V«»'i r** ii.'>r»' i-wilim,: &&! 
rimp.iiiT thill M^' t" iti.:lit, I think: and y^ii imy w*-!! rr « 
oviT y«»ur pri/i" . f'-r h** i- i tiin* lid, an in»*»'nu«»'.;' lid, an I ^i^t 
Init oni' fault that I kn^w «if: h** d<>n't m<*aXi it, Imt \ir u 
rrutdly unju^t t4> IV* kj^nilT! '* 




Mektion has been already made more than once of a cer- 
tain Dragon who swung and creaked complainingly before the 
Tillage ale-house door. A faded and an ancient dragon he 
wm; and many a wintry storm of rain, snow, sleet, and hail 
had changed his colour from a gaudy blue to a faint lack-lustre 
•hade oi gray. But there he hung; rearing in a state of mon- 
strous imbecility on his hind legs; waxing, with every month 
that passed, so much more dim and shapeless, that as you 
gaied at him on one side of the sign-board it seemed as if he 
most be gradually melting through it, and coming out upon the 

He was a courteous and considerate dragon too, or had been 
in his distincter days; for in the midst of his rampant feeble- 
neaa, he kept one of his fore-paws near his nose, as though he 
would say, "Don't mind me — it's only my fun;" while he 
held out the other in polite and hospitable entreaty. Indeed 
it must be conceded to the whole brood of dragons of modern 
times that they have made a great advance in civilisation and 
refinement They no longer demand a beautiful virgin for 
breakfast every morning, with as much regularity as any tame 
tingle gentleman expects his hot roll, but rest content with the 
society of i<lle bachelors and roving married men ; and they are 
now r**markable rather for holding aloof from the softer sex 
aii*i discouraging their visits (especially on Saturday nights), 
than for rudely insisting on their company without any refer- 
ence to their inclinations, as they are known to have done in 
days of yore. 

Nor is this tribute to the reclaimed animals in question so 
wide a digression into the realms of Natural History as it 
r, at first sight, appear to be; for the present business of 
pages is with the dragon who had his retreat in Mr. 



rrrk-niir- ii*'if;h)Hiiir)iiMHl, aii«l I'l-iiM*":!-* Aiiimil ^. 
.ilpM«ly <iii till-]H(, tlit-ri' i** iioiliin^* ]ii tin- wj_\ -i .*- 
<iiiit«> tr:iii-<;ii-tiiiii. 

Fur III. my >», llnu, }n« h.ul -wiiiih; .ii» I •-r.»k'^: 
tl iii]mm1 liiiiixrlf :iYii»'.it U-fiifi' till- tM«i iiiifiiiu- if tii* '*-: • 

r<Niiii ill Imw f •■iiti-rt.iiiiiui'iit t'lwlii. It \i* !• I.: !..• - . 

li'it Ufwr ill .ill 111- 'WiM^'iii;:, •■n-ikiiip:, .nnl t!ij«i'::i^- :. . : '. 
U'l-n hui'h .1 ^llr uilliiii it- •lnip:\ pr'iiii't-, .l- <:i : .• ■ ■ 
iii*\t ;iftir tint upoii u lih-ii till- III' iili n!o •!• : i:l« i .:. :?• . 
t-Ii.i|iti-r ••' i-irri 1 : wli-n tip ri- w i- -'n h i h ;rr\ :.^- .:■ • 
• limii ■il.iir- ••[ !••••!, -M'ii .1 ;^1. tilling "f li^ht-, ■ ; ;• t * :. • ■ 
iii^* i»f Vfiii-, -■!• Ii .1 xrii'ikiii^' .iii>l *|'".it!t r:ii»' *i •* •>. :. - 
li;jiil*'il ih .1 il.ii:i|i iii:iniii\, •><:« h .ill .iiriiip; ••[ 1:;.< :.. •. 
!»i"i»ri-liiiiL' -iiii-II I'f ii-t \i iriiiiiu' pill-, -I'll I ■:?;*•':. "■.- 
itipl to •!••, ill -li--i!, i- iii-wi ill 1^'' III, i^rilliii, ill: '-r:i. r t 
iiiiiiii il '-f tliit III.:.. |ir« i.|.-.l .-vir. -:ii*»- tin % tir-I :•«*:. 
llil»T«- ! Ji.. I .'"..' Ml i. ■■! ■ ii -ll k!l n: -. 

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enoed his resolution in the least degree. He would have no 
petBon sent for. The worse he grew, the more rigid and 
inflexible he became in his determination. If they sent for 
any person to attend him, man, woman, or child, he would 
leave the house directly (so he told them), though he quitted 
it on foot, and died upon the threshold of the door. 

Now, there being no medical practitioner actually resident 
in the village, but a poor apothecary who was also a grocer and 
general dealer, the landlady had, upon her own responsibility, 
•e&t for him, in the very first burst and outset of the disaster. 
Of course it followed, as a necessary result of his being wanted, 
that he was not at home. He had gone some miles away, and 
was not expected home until late at night; so, the landlady 
being by this time pretty well beside herself, despatched the 
same messenger in all haste for Mr. Pecksniff, as a learned 
man who could bear a deal of responsibility, and a moral man 
wlio could adminster a world of comfort to a troubled mind. 
That her guest had need of some efficient services under the 
latter head was obvious enough from the restless expressions, 
importing, however, rather a worldly than a spiritual anxiety, 
to which he gave frequent utterance. 

Trom this last-mentioned secret errand, the messenger re- 
turned with no better news than from the first; Mr. Pecksniff 
was not at home. However, they got the patient into bod 
without him; and, in the course of two hours, he gradually 
became so far better that there were much longer intervals than 
at first between his terms of suffering. By degrees he ceased 
to suffer at all; though his exhaustion was occasionally so 
great that it suggested hardly less alarm than liis actual endur- 
ance had done. 

It was in one of his intervals of repose, when, looking round 
with great caution, and reaching uneasily out of his nest of 
pillows, he en<leavoured, with a strange air of secrecy and 
di/ttrust, to make use of the writing materials wliich lie had 
ordereil to be placed on a table l)e8ide him, that the young lady 
and the mistress of the Blue I>ragon found themselves sitting 
side bv side before the fire in the sick chain])er. 

The mistress of the Blue Dragon wjis in outward appear- 
nee just what a landlady should \ye ; broad, buxom, conifort- 
■kfei and goo<l-looking, with a face of clear red and white, 
wIulL by its jovial aspect at once bore testimony to her hearty 



|i.irtii'i|».itii>ii ill thi- .:"*»\ tiling- <•( tin- Iir>l«r .iifl •ui:. 
tht-ir tItriMit.' .iii>l lii-.iltlifiil iiitlutin •■«. S}i«- w.i* i «.. 
lull y«Mr.o .ijj-> hi-l |i.L-'-i>l tltriiii^li Ikt ^*l.lti■ *•{ ui.«i>.. i: . 
iiitit tliiMrr .i.'uii. .i!i<l lit f'lll lilii>>iii hlif li.iii ••■I.!,:..* : 
.-^iiiii": .iii<I i!t full }•! ■■•Ill ^Ih- w.i- n"vi . uiih r-»- ■ i. ?.• • . 
^klIt*, iiii'l n-.-i^ ■'!» Inr U»liii', r--'* wi In r • .;■, r ■ <• . 
• ln't-k-, — .i\. .iipI r--*-, w^rtii !ln- ;: itfi- ri:.^' l---. ■: :■: . 
fiif iiii!t«r. >}ii- It t>l '>1:11 .1 Y'ri.:lit ^li k <%•. .* . 
l>I.fK It r.r . \\ i- > :..>1\, •hiii;>i<'). |'l'>;r.|>, nt 1 ij:\.l &- * . • 
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\"'iiii: l.i'li' - i:i li.'- U'tM ''■!.- iiiiT- oil ti.i!., :.. .-.: . 

wli-iMl V"<1 ^^'-'ilin't !:k> ): lif .1^ Will, "I a>i!:.i;< K.u! 4- - 

.1- tip- l-i:..::i_' I.- !• - ■ I t:..- I'.] !-• I»!.i.--ii. 

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fox upon the top of the wardrobe was devoid of any spark of 
Tigilance, for his glass eye had fallen out, and he slumbered as 
be stood. 

The wandering attention of the mistress of the Blue Dragon 
loved to these things but twice or thrice, and then for but an 
instant at a time. It soon deserted them, and even the distant 
bed with its strange burden, for the young creature immediately 
before her, who, with her downcast eyes intently fixed upon 
the fire, sat wrapped in silent meditation. 

She was very young, apparently not more than seventeen; 
timid and shrinking in 'her manner, and yet with a greater 
share of self-possession and control over her emotions than 
Qaoally belongs to a far more advanced period of female life. 
This she had abundantly shown, but now, in her tending of 
the sick gentleman. She was short in stature, and her figure 
was slight, as became her years; but all the charms of youth 
wad maidenhood set it off, and clustered on her gentle brow. 
Her lace was very pale, in part no doubt from recent agitation. 
Her dark brown hair, disordered from the same cause, had 
fallen negligently from its bonds, and hung upon her neck: for 
which instance of its waywardness, no male observer would 
have had the heart to blame it. 

Her attire was that of a lady, but extremely plain ; and in 
her manner, even when she sat as stiU as she did then, there 
was an indefinable something which appeared to be in kindred 
with her scrupulously unpretending dress. She had sat at first 
looking anxiously towards the bed ; but seeing that the patient 
remained quiet, and was busy with his writing, she had softly 
moved her chair into its present place — partly, as it seemed, 
from an instinctive consciousness that he desired to avoid 
observation; and jKirtly that she might, unseen by him, give 
some vent to the natural feelings she had hitherto suppressed. 

(X all this, and much more, the rosy landlady of the Blue 
Dragon took as accurate note and observation as only woman 
can take of woman. And at length she said, in a voice too 
low, she knew, to reach the bed : — 

"You have seen the gentleman in this way before, miss? 
It he used to these attacks ? '' 

**I have seen him very ill before, but not so ill as he has 
btra to-night." 

•*What a Providence!" said the landlady of the Dragon, 


'*that joQ had the piwcripiioiii and tlM nwdiciDM willi J4^ 

"Thej «K intended for such an ematganqr. Wa avw 
travel without thauL" 

"Oh!" thouglit tha hoataM, "than wa ara in Ilia halat af 
tvaTallingi and of travelling kigather.'* 

Sha waa ao oomwifMia of azprwHing this in har faaa» thai 
maating tha young lady's eyes immediately aflarwank^ 
haing a very lionwt huntena, she waa ratliar confuaad. 

"Tha gentleman — ycmr grand|Ni|ia " — tha raaumad, 
ahort pause, "Mng ao bent on having no ■aritlanna 
larrify you very much, miaaf " 

** I have lieen very much alarmed to-night Ha i— ha ia Mt 
my grandfather/' 

"Father, 1 should have laid,** ivtumad tha hoataai^ aaaahb 
of having maile an awkwaid mistaka. 

"Nor my father/' said the y«Hiiig laily. "Nor,"* aha addadL 
alight ly sniilin^c with a quirk |M*rce|»ti<in of what tha landlady 
was ^i»iii^ t>i wM, "imr my unrli*. \\V un* imt n-UlmL** 

'*Oh «lrar m«*!" n*turii«*«l tin* loiitiUtly, Htili 
nuuM*«l tluii Y^'fon*: **hiiw «imi1i1 I lie m» vi*rv murh 


kni»wiiif;, tti« iiiiy)"Nly in t]ii>ir |in»|H*r m*um« niigbi» thai «l 
a p*nt]i*mjin i^ ill, li«* Vmtk* mi iinirh oMrr than he iWly it! 
Tliat I fhoiiM hiivi* r.iUiHl yu, 'Mims' ti-i, Ma'am! ** Hal 
whf*n nhv \uu\ |inM-i««*<|i*<| thu** fur, Hlir i;laiif*inl involunl«rily al 
the thin! tiiipT of th*- y<>uii^' laily'* Irft IuukI, and faltnad 
again: i**T tlicrr wsn no rui)i u|iiin it. 

** Wlirn I t«»|(| y«>ti w<* wrtf not fpUtnl,** said the 
miMly, Imt n«*t witli«iiit ninfiinion **u lif*r uwn |«rt, **I 
n*<t in iiitv W.IV. N<it v\vu hr niarrisp*. Ihd you call Bi^ 

*'i'.\\\ y<>nf** rrirtl thf *A*\ man, I'Miking quickly ufK afti 
)iiirri>-il]\ ilr.iwin^ U-n«-ath thi' rovrrlfl tlia* |ia|irr t»n which ht 
h.i'l Utii writuik'- "No." 

>!.*■ ]i.i>I np>\i-<l .1 |nri* or twn t«»wanls the beil, hat s<u|yd 
i:..' 'I^t'h, .iiiil Uft:t ()•• farthrr. 

■ N •. *' li'- rvj-Mt«*«l. with a |H<(iil.uit rniphasia. •'Why «&i» 
> i K !..•' T If I ha«l r-illfil }ou, what n«f«l ftir such a 

"It '.« L- tilt- iii.ikin,: ••f lh«* Ktpi ntitjiiiir, kir, I ilarv saVt* 
o)v»«r\«l ll.< lai'lLnIy. J iiU|;gfiition fiy the way (aa ahe felt a 


moment after she had made it), not at all complimentary to the 
Toice of the old gentleman. 

"No matter what, ma'am,'' he rejoined; "it wasn't L 
Why, how you stand there, Mary, as if I had the plague! 
But they 're all afraid of me, " he added, leaning helplessly 
httckward on his pillow, "even she! There is a curse upon 
me. What else have I to look for ! '' 

"Oh dear, no. Oh no, I'm sure," said the good-tempered 
landlady, rising, and going towards him. "Be of hetter cheer, 
sir. These are only sick fancies." 

" What are only sick fancies ? " he retorted. " What do you 
know ahout fancies ? Who told you ahout fancies ? The old 
story ! Fancies ! " 

" Only see again there, how you take one up ! " said the 
mistress of the Blue Dragon, with unimpaired good humour. 
" Dear heart alive, there is no harm in the word, sir, if it is an 
old one. Folks in good health have their fancies too, and 
strange ones, every day." 

Harmless as this speech appeared to he, it acted on the trav- 
dler'a distrust like oil on fire. He raised his head up in the 
bed, and, fixing on her two dark eyes whose brightness was 
exaggerated by the paleness of his hollow cheeks, as they in 
XxixiL, together with his straggling locks of long gray hair, were 
rendered whiter by the tight black velvet skull-cap which he 
wore, he searched her face intently. 

"Ah! you begin too soon," he said, in so low a voice that 
he seemed to be thinking it, rather than addressing her. " But 
yoa lose no time. You do your errand, and you earn your 
fee. Now, who may be your client ? " 

The landlady looked in great astonishment at her whom he 
called Mary, and finding no rejoinder in the drooping face, 
looked back again at him. At first she had recoiled involun- 
tarily, supposing him disordered in his mind; but the slow 
eompoeure of his manner, and the settled purpose announced 
in his strong features, and gathering, most of all, about his 
puckered mouth, forbade the supposition. 

"Come," he said, "tell me who is it? Being here, it is not 
bard for me to guess, you may suppose." 
Martin," interposed the young lady, laying her hand upon 
vm; "reflect how short a time we have been in this house, 
that even your name is unknown here. " 


Ure Ain> ADVKlfTUUB w 

^'UnkM." he Mid, "you — "* He wm erkknaj tmpUd 
to exprvMM A suBpicicm of h<*r having brokoi bis eonUrner la 
f ATour of the landUily, \ni vithrr rrmembering her lemlrr Burv 
in^ or heing imived in nanus mirt, \iy h«*r faeis be cbecknl bia- 
■elfy and changing hi« uneany |NMtun* in the hrd, wae ailenL 

'^There!" mud Mm. Lupin, f<ir in that name the Km 
Dragon wae lic«*nMHl to funiinh pnt^Mlainment, both to man aki 
bnuit '*N«>w yiMi will ho wi*U again, nir. You fotgoC, f«v tht 
moment, that thf<n* wi*n* n«)tie Imt frirmU hi*rr.** 

"Oh!** critnl the old man moaning impatiently, aa he Uma4 
one reatleaa arm u|mui the ri»verlet, "why do you talk to me c4 
friemb! (*an you or anyUiily teach me to know who aie ar 
frien<la, and who my enemiee t ** 

"At leant," urgeil Mm. Lupin gently, "thia young lady ii 
your triemi, 1 'm Hun*.** 

"She boil no t4*mpUtion to be lUbrrwine,** cried the old mm. 
like one wh(v^ hn|M' ami roiifiilfun* wen* utterly rxbauil^ 
"I Mip|HHM* i4h«« in — lliMVi'ii kiiiiwu. Tlwn*; let me try t«» 
itl«*«*|i. I^MVi* till* rainlli' wliiTf it i-*. *' 

Aft th«'V ri'tiri'd fpiiti t)if ]m'\ lti< «ln'w forth th«* vnliQf 

whirll li:i«l iM-fiipinl liiiii Mil ]ii||^'. :ilii| liitMili^ it III th*" flftXl^ 
of the ta|»i*r liiiriit it to :i.«)ii"«. That i|ii|h\ lit* rxtin^iiAbMl 
the li^lit, :iip1 t liming* hii f.n-** :iw:iy witli n hi*nw »i^U drrw 
the mvorli't 4)»<iit hi« h«M'l :iii>l liv •(iiiti* -till. 

Tlii^ (|i'itrM<-ti>»ii <tf thi* pi|>i*r, U»th a« U>ini« Mrti^lT 
inri»ii«i!>t«>iit witli till* lilmiir )i«* liivl d<*vi»t«*il t«i it, and ■• 
iiiVMlviti^ ii>ii««tilrriMi' •l.iti;:*-r «-f tin* to tin* I>rip»n, orviMinnMl 
Mr-. Lupifi iiiit :i littlf ri<ii»t«riiitiitii. Hut thr younc ledt 
«m:i !ii^* ifi »Mr|>ri-4'« nino^ity, or .il.irm, wlii«]«*rr«| hri, with 
Tii!.\ think- for )i*r •^•li'-iti.>ii' nii*! rtiiii|Kiiiy, tliat »br Wi«akl 

r< 'i: ilTk t!i< ri -•IIP* tlliif l'i|i;;fr. :ilii| thilt nlir Uvp**! h^ ftuC ^ 

»!i iTi lit-r u ii< }i. ,i« »}if u.Lii Wfll iiM'il ti» U*iiig altair« afei 
w- il I jii-- tilt twin- in r«Milini:. 

Mr-. l/i;>in )ii<i ).• r full -li in' .mil thtiih^nil of ibat laff|ee 

• t--.' li 'f i':ri'i^:tv uhi'li i-* inht ritt<«] )iv Iht m &. aii«| at lA- 

r !::: • i* r:.ij!it )> iVf !■ • n •lith<'rilt ^o to iiupn*«* tliU btat 

■■. ■• r f ! • ii.l'it-i- 1,1 r to t ikf it. Itiit now, in •bwr 
:■ r I* I ir:. i/'int-nl .i! l)i* •■• my -thrift, m\\v withdrrv «t 

• ; ■. i:. ! pvi-.rvi/ -triij)i!«i\ to !,rr own httlr i^rl- 'Sf 
t- 1 ^\ *.iir-. -it ■l'\«ti in }.«'r • i-\ -< li iir w tt)i iiiiiiatiini rt^ 
|H*-iri \t thi* \«Ty rri''i% a ftrp won li«'«nl in the cttby. 






*^ ^'OtxAiW 


and Mr. Pecksniff, looking sweetly over the half-door of the 
bar and into the vista of snug privacy beyond, murmured : — 

" Good evening, Mrs. Lupin ! " 

" Oh dear me, sir ! " she cried, advancing to receive him, " I 
am so very glad you have come." 

"And /am very glad I have come," said Mr. Pecksniff, "if 
I can be of service. I am very glad I have come. What is 
the matter, Mrs. Lupin ? " 

" A gentleman taken ill upon the road, has been so very bad 
up stairs, sir," said the tearful hostess. 

" A gentleman taken iU upon the road, has been so very bad 
up stairs, has he ? " repeated Mr. Pecksniff. " Well, well ! " 

Now there was nothing that one may call decidedly original 
in this remark, nor can it be exactly said to have contained 
any wise precept theretofore unknown to mankind, or to have 
opened any hidden source of consolation: but Mr. Pecksniff's 
manner was so hland, and he nodded his head so soothingly, 
and showed in everything such an affable sense of his own 
excellence, that anybody would have been, as Mrs. Lupin was, 
comforted by the mere voice and presence of such a man; and 
though he had merely said " a verb must agree with its nomi- 
native case in number and person, my good friend," or "eight 
times eight are sixty-four, my worthy soul," must have felt 
de*»{>ly prat<»ful to him for his humanity and wisdom. 

** And how," ai^ked Mr. Pecksniff, drawing off his gloves 
and warming his hands before the fire, as benevolently as if 
they were somelxxly else's, not his; "and how is he now? " 

" He is better, and quite tranquil, " answered Mrs. Lupin. 

"He is better, and quite tranquil," said Mr. Pecksniff. 
" Very well ! ve-ry well ! " 

Here again, though the statement was Mrs. Lupin's and not 
Mr. PecksnitTs, Mr. Pecksniff made it his own and consoled 
her with it. It was not much when Mrs. Lupin said it, but 
it was a whole book when Mr. Pecksniff said it. "/observe," 
he .<i**eme<l to say, "and, through me, morality in general 
remarks, that he is better and quite tranquil.'' 

"There must Ixj weighty matters on his mind though," said 
the hcj«tess, shaking her head, "for he tidks, sir, in the stran- 
gest way you ever heard. He is far from easy in his thoughts, 
and wants some proper advice from those whose goodness makes 
li worth his having. " 


''Theo,'* «ud Mr. Peckmili; «'he ii tlM mK of ciuUmct for 
ne.^ But tliough he mid thia in tlM plainasl laagnaicr, kt 
did n't speak a word. Ha only shook hk head, diapar^pngif 
of himaelf toa 

"I am afraiil« air/* cnntinned the landlady, fir«l lonktng 
voand to aaaure herself thai there waa nobody within hearinit 
and then looking down upon the floor. '*! am rrty mmk 
afraid, sir, tliat his conscience in tmuUed liy his not 
related — or — or even married to — a Tety young lady — ** 

"Mrs. Lupin!" said Mr. Pecksniff, hcdding up his 
with something in his manner as nearly approaching !«• sevrhly 
aa any expression of his, mild being that he was, cuuld etvr 
doL ** Person ! young per^m t *' 

"A Teiy young jierson,** said Mfa. Lupin, oourtesying a»i 
Uuahing — "I beg your |ianl«m, sir, hut I hsTe been si> humid 
to-night, tliat 1 don't know what 1 say — who is with hm 

**\Vho in with bini now," niniinateil Mr. Pecksniff, wsrmmc 
his Nirk (iLt b«* liml wiiriiifHl bin biin«lf«) as if it wrrr a vitb^v • 
bark, or nii i>r|i)iiiirH Imrk, t»r an Hirmy'M l«rk, or a l«rk ihsi 
any b'w rxcfllfiit man wmtbl ba%-e nuHrml In \m mM. **«4i 
dear ni«*, 4l«*ar nii*! ** 

** At till* Mill)** tini«* I am Kmml Ut nay, aiitl I iii> oav with 
all my bfJtrt," nlwrviMl tbi* boj>trwi •-«mi*iilly. '* tliat h«-r l*«>k» 
ami manner aliinMt iliMirin Mi*i|»iriiiii. ** 

**Ytmr Mii»|iiriiiii, Mn*. Lupin,** Haiti Mr. Prrkntitff grvtrii. 
** i* vrr%- n:itiiriil. '* 

TtMit-biii;* wliirb n*mark, b't it !■• written down In Ihrit 
mnfii*iii>ii l)i:it t)i<* i>ii**iiiii*n of this wiirlhy man uiililu«hmi:ii 
tiiniiit.iiiitil hi* .ilwn^-t H.ii<l nf wliat wba vrnr I«nL thsA it 
wnn vi-r> MitMrtl . ami tlint b** tinmnsriously Ivtrayed his 

lirtturt* III «liill)K* f^** 

" y.'jr -'i-jtiii'm, Mr*. Ltipin," lie rr|iral«l, "la 
nitnril. atnl I liavi* tin iltuiM rnrrert. I will wail upim 
tr.m ii« r- 

\\ itli t)>.it \ir t«Hik off hi^ crrat-rtiat, an<l having ran hw 
hiipr- t)in>Mi:b bi< li.tir, thniM <iiif ban«l p*ntlT in the 
of bi« «.ii-!«-i*it .iikI iii<-«*klv ^if^'iHNi til )irr to Iraftl the w«y. 

"S)i4ll I kiK^k?" Afiktti Mr«. Ltipiii, when they 
dianiUr iltH-r. 

"Nts" »ai.l Mr. Prrkf^iiff. "mtrr, if you |deMe. 



They went in on tiptoe, or rather the hostess took that 
precaution, for Mr. Pecksniff always walked softly. The old 
gentleman was still asleep, and his young companion still sat 
reading by the fire. 

*'I am afraid,'' said Mr. Pecksniff, pausing at the door, and 
giving his head a melancholy roll, ''I am afraid that this looks 
artfuL I am afraid, Mrs. Lupin, do you know, that this 
looks very artful ! " 

As he finished this whisper, he advanced, before the hostess; 
and at the same time the young lady, hearing footsteps, rose. 
Mr. Pecksniff glanced at the volume she held, and whispered 
Mrs. Lupin again: if possible, Mrith increased despondency. 

"Yes, ma'am," he said, "it is a good book. I was fearful 
of that beforehand. I am apprehensive that this is a very 
deep thing indeed ! " 

"What gentleman is this? " inquired the object of his virtu- 
ous doubts. 

Hush! don't trouble yourself, ma'am," said Mr. Pecksniff, 
the landlady was about to answer. "This young" — in 
ipite of himself he hesitated when " person ' ' rose to his lips, 
and substituted another word — "this young stranger, Mrs. 
Lupin, will excuse me for replying briefly, that I reside in 
this village; it may be in an influential manner, however 
undeserved; and that I have been summoned here by you. I 
am here, as I am everywhere, I hope, in sympathy for the sick 
and sorrv." 

With these impressive words, Mr. Pecksniff passed over to 
the bedside, where, after patting the counterpane once or twice 
in a very solemn manner, as if by that means he gained a clear 
insight into the patient's disorder, he took his seat in a large 
arm-chair, and in an attitude of some tlioughtfulness and much 
oomfort, waitetl for his waking. Whatever objection the 
young lady urged to Mrs. Lupin went no further, for nothing 
more was said to Mr. Pecksniff, and Mj. Pecksniff said nothing 
more to anylxxly else. 

Full half an hour elapsed before the old man stirred, but at 
IsDgth he turned himself in bed, and, though not yet awake, 
p^e tokens that his sleep was drawing to an end. By little 
little he removed the bed-clothes from alK>ut his head, and 
still more towards the side where Mr. Pecksniff sat. In 
of time his eyes opened; and he lay for a few moments 

as un AKD ADTiimjBis or 

M people nevly rmiMd eoinettiiiei will, guing indolmUy el 1 
▼isitor, vitliout any dutinct ocmtciouMieM of his p i tiat me . 

There wee nothing renuirkelile in theee proeeedinfp^ czrv 
the influence th«y workod on Mr. Peckeniff. vhkh rn« 
hardly here hecn mirpaiwed by the moit nunrellmui nl naim 
phenoni<*na. (rreduelly hie hende heoune tightly deeprd epi 
the elUiwii of the clieir, hit eyna diUUnl with eurpriMv h 
mouth o|N*nml9 hill heir st^MNl more erwi u|inn hie ft^rhpi 
than ita cuntcim waa, until, at li*iigth» when tlie old man m 
in bed and atarcil at him with Hranvly li^ea emoCifio than I 
ahowed bimeelf, the Peckaniff doiiliU were all reaolTed, and 1 
exclaimed almid : — 

**You rir#* Martin (*huulewit!*' 

Hie coni>t«*rnntiiiu c«f iiur|iriiio waa an genuine, that the oj 
man, with all the diKiMwition that he clfiarly ent^ftained 
believr it amtiimt^l, wan mnvinrtHl of ita reality. 

'*! mn Martin 4liit/./li*wit,*' hi* mid hithTly: "an«l Mart 
(*hu/xl«-wtt wi-.||i<4 Villi iiu«l U*4*ii luui({«'«l, U'forp r«>u hail mc 
b«>r«* 1<i <li-tiirfi liiiii in liin i»lff|». Why. I drratiK^l -4 *.:. 
fi*Ui»>v!" Iif Kii<l, l\iii(: <l<*wti .i^aiii aii<l tiiniiug aw«y hu far 
"U'fi-ri- I kiii'w Itf Will* iifiir iin»!*' 

•* M> u'"*"! o-11'.iii — ** Kiiiil Mr. |V»'kMnlT. 

"Tin'rt! Hi-* \«n- tir-l w.inN!" rrii'*! iIh* »»M man, •K* 
in}! 1*1" L^*rtv lii':iil t<i aiiil fni iiimii t)iM ]»illiiw, iin«i thn««r 
ii|» liio IiiiitU. ** III hi*t \vT\ tir^t wnnU }i«> a^wrt/t hi« r«-Ui>4 
hhip! I kiii*w 111* w«iuM; tlit-y nil «!•• it! NVar **r duLkS 
Ii1i»n| i.r w.itiT, it 'i nil f»ni'. ('k'^i! Wlut a r^lrn^lar 
•Iff :t. iipI lyin.:. ;iifl f:il-i»-witn(*^*iii^', Xh** N»unt| iif any v.>. 
• '( k:n-!r>>l t'li. n- U-f.-ri* iiii-V* 

"rriv .!■• ii't U- Ji.i-t\. Mr. i*lin#/l«*wil," *.ii«l |Wk«niff. 

I t>>!ii- tliit w (• .it i>iii'«- 111 tilt* i»til»liliii— t ilt^^ri^** r«»Ml|«lM|**CU 

iii'l «li-t»to-i<iii it«' . r>r lif \>y tlii« tiiiif r«*<*Mvrr«««l f^»m ) 
-•irjift-, :i!p| w.i» III full |ki«M»^..iti|| iif hi« virtu«*Uii f>r|f. •* Y 
will r»vrr«t l-iiii: ln-tv, I kipiw ymi will.'* 

'• 1"'»M kn-'W !" *.ii«l M irtiii '-••tili-inptM>>ii»]y. 

••y. -." r.i.rt.-l Mr. iWkMiitr. "Ay, ay, Mr. rhunlrwi 
4iil 'I'-ri t iiiriL'iii*- I iiif.iii ti* <*«iurt **r !l4tt«*r y^m, f 
i)M(h:ii^* 1- f'lnhir fr»iii my inti-i.tMii N*itht*r, »ir, n**^! y 
rntt*rt.iiii thi' l*'.\**t iiiiiiuiviiit; I •h:il] r«']«*at that •lto•«\^< 
won! wliirh lum i;ix«-ti v«>ii mi nm* )i ••tfi-in^ alrrailv Wl 
ahouM II Wliat do 1 rx|Mvt or want frum you I Tb«fe 


nothing in your possession that / know of, Mr. Chuzzlewit, 
which is much to he coveted for the happiness it brings you." 
That 's true enough, " muttered the old man. 
Apart from that consideration," said Mr. Pecksniff, watch- 
ful of the effect he made, " it must be plain to you (I am sure) 
by this time, that if I had wished to insinuate myself into 
your good opinion, I should have been, of all things, careful 
not to address you as a relative — knowing your humour, and 
being quite certain beforehand that I could not have had a 
worse letter of recommendation." 

]^J[artin made not any verbal answer; but he as clearly 
implied, though only by a motion of his legs beneath the bed- 
clothes, that there was reason in this, and that he could not 
dispute it, as if he had said as much in good set terms. 

"No," said Mr. Pecksniff, keeping his hand in his waistcoat 
as though he were ready, on the shortest notice, to produce liis 
heart for Martin Chuzzlewit's inspection, "I came here to offer 
my services to a stranger. I make no offer of them to you, 
b^suse I know you would distrust me if I did. But lying on 
that bed, sir, I regard you as a stranger, and I have just that 
amount of interest in you, which I hope I should feel in any 
stranger, circumstanced as you are. Beyond that, I am quite 
as indifferent to you, Mr. Chuzzlewit, as you are to me." 

Having said which, Mr. Pecksniff tlircw himself back in 
the easy-chair: so radiant with ingenuous honesty, that Mrs. 
Lupin almost wondered not to see a stained-glass glory, such 
as the saint wore in the church, shining about his head. 

A long pause succeeded. The old man, with increased 
restlessness, changed his posture seveml times. Mrs. Lupin 
anti the young lady gazed in silence at the counterpane. Mr. 
I*ecksniff toyed abstractedly with his eye-glass, and kept his 
eyes shut, that he might niminate the ])etter. 

** Eh ? " he said at last, opening them suddenly, and lookin*^ 
Inwards the bed. " I l>eg your pardon. I thouglit you sjKjke. 
]^Ira. Lupin," he continued, slowly rising, "I am not awan? 
that I can be of any service to you here. The gentleman is 
better, and you are as go<xl a nurse as he can have. Eh? " 

This la*!it note of interrogation bore reference to another 
diange of posture on the old man's part, which brought his 
towards Mr. Pecksniff for the first time since he had 
away from him. 



"If y<»ii ilci^in* to H|M*ak (•• iih* l^'fun* I ps nir,'* O'liliri-;**'. 
that ^••iitli'iiMh, aft4'r aiititlirr jutt-M*, " v<*ii may o*m!:i^:k-i :: ^ 
li'ifitin-. l»ut I iiMiht sti|mlat«', iii jui^tit-i* tn iii\-«'lf, tLtt y >. . 
Ml iiri til u ntnin^'i*r — ntrii-ti\ iv» (•» a ^t^allp•r. " 

Now if Mr. riN-k;iiiitr kiH'W, fr<«iii .nixtlun^ Martin (*);'ix/.- 
wit hiu\ v\^trv^s»t\ III i;f->tiiri'-, In- u.mti**! t^i -jH-ak t*i L.*:^ 
Ii4' ('i»ulil iMily lia\f fiiiiiiil It Mill mi •uiiip- n!|. h |<riif *.] !• h* 
pr«*vailj< ill fip-l'Hlfaiiui.'*, ainl in virt<i< i^f wlii<h tii- • 1 i* r.i 
fanniT witli ihf i-iiniii- mi|i alway- kipiUn wlial thf 'it:!:.'! » ?. 
iiit'aii.-« wlii'ii >hi- t.iki-^ n-fii^:*- 111 lii.« ;:artli'ii, an*! r< 1 1'.* - ' r 
|MT«iiial iiiiMii<iir- 111 in'-i>iii|*fr)i«'n«il-l«' |iiuti'tiiiiiii>. !•..! «.:.- 
mit M«»{i|iiii;* t>i iiLik*- .my iiii|Miry <>ii tin- {N.ihi, M.irtL:. i :. .i 
zli'Wit ^i;;lll••l X** In* \<iiiiiu' • ••iii|i.iiii><ii !•• wilhtlr.iw, «i i.i t. .:^ 
illimcili.itfly 'llil. .il«>iip: \tltii th«* i.iliillai|\ 1«m\IIi»' h:::. «:. : 

Mr. IVfkcintI .il'iin- t";^'i tliiT. I'lif ^•iu»' liiiii- \\\»\ ! - k-^i %: 
fiii*h tit}ii*r III -:li-ti<*-. "f rittnT tin* >>1>1 in iii I--k>-l .4: \t* 
Pi'i l» •iiitl, ii;l Mr r«.k-iiirl, i/i;ii il -ii./ iij-* •*■• . ... 

• mtw iT'l ■■'■1' J«, t... k .i!i :!|M !:■! - ,r\- \ -f !.> ■ w !i ' - . ■ 

' I " 1 1 1 ' I ? 1 ■ 1 ■ . " •.•.■■! '• f . . • I ' ■ . "' . '. I I'll 1 " ■ • I 

llll> I' t 1 '■< .'.'III .... |-'l III II 'I. lail L.t ■ t 

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ilf ■■!■! 1.1 •• . ■ "i ■ ■. . 

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i|t|iiTi:.! r .::,-.■■.■ : ,•. 1 t ■ ■ .■ -i :!.. :r - ».. • - • - 

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sftid the old man, " I am not lavish of it. Some people find 
their gratification in storing it up; and others theirs in parting 
with it; hut I have no gratification connected with the thing. 
Pain and hittemess are the only goods it ever could procure 
for me. I hate it. It is a spectre walking hefore me through 
the world, and making every social pleasure hideous. '^ 

A thought arose in Mr. Pecksniff's mind, which must have 
instantly mounted to his face, or Martin Chuzzlewit would not 
have resumed as quickly and as sternly as he did : — 

** You would advise me, for my peace of mind, to get rid of 
this source of misery, and transfer it to some one who could 
hear it hetter. Even you, perhaps, would rid me of a hurden 
under which I suffer so grievously. But, kind stranger," said 
the old man, whose every feature darkened as he spoke, **good 
Christian stranger, that is a main part of my trouble. In 
other hands I have known money to do good ; in other hands 
I have known it triumphed in, and boasted of with reason, as 
the master-key to all the brazen gates that close upon the paths 
to worldly honour, fortune, and enjoyment. To what m%n or 
woman, to what worthy, honest, incorruptible creature, shall 
I confide such a talisman, either now or when I die ? Do you 
know any such person 1 Your virtues are of course inesti- 
maUe, but can you tell me of any other living creature who 
will bear the test of contact with myself 1 " 

Of contact with yourself, sir 1 " echoed Mr. Pecksniff. 
Ay," returned the old man, "the test of contact with me 
— with me. You have lieard of him whose misery (the 
gratification of his own foolish wish) was, that he turned 
everything he touched to gold. The curse of my existence, 
and the realisation of my own mad desire, is that by the 
golden standard which I bear about ine, I am doomed to try 
the metal of all other men, and find it false and holluw." 

Mr. Pecksniff shook his head, and said, "You think so." 

"Oh, yes," crieil the old man, "I think so! and in your 
telling me * I think so, * I recognise the true unworldly ring 
of your metaL I tell you, man," he added, with increiusinj^ 
bitterness, "that I have gone, a ricli man, among people of all 
grades and kinds, — relatives, friends, and strangers, — among 
people in whom, when I was poor, I liad confidence, and 
jwily, for they never once deceived me then, or, to me, 
WMDged each other. But I have never found one nature, no, 





ii'it i>nc, ill wliidi, Iwiii^' wiMlthv .-mil aluiii', I wof u-x f ?•• 
tii ili-t«Tt till* l.ili-nt riirruptiKii l.iv 1ii«l uitliin it. u i.' 
fur fiH'li ii> I tM I'riiiL' Jt flirt h. Trr.whi-rv, liiri ii. r.. i 
(i«'-i^in ; hiitp'il iif r.iiii|M-tit«ir« <ir f.iiii-i*-<l fi<r i::v f .-. 
liiiMiiiH*.'*^, falM-liiMHl, lhi-.fii(>.., ,iiiil ^4r\ilit\. iT, " .ii.'i I.. :■ 
l«iiiki'<l I'liiM-lv ill hi- ii'ii-Jii- I'W-, *'«ir :iii .i«-uii.|'t:> u • f } 
ilii|i-)iill«li'llf«*, :illiiii-t \VMr-<f til. Ill :ill . till -t' .ifi TKt ^. I ■ 
will! li iij\ wc.illli li.L- liroii^-lit t<i li^'lit. rtr>l}.< r 
hri'thfr, iliilil iiL'iiii^t I'lit-iit, fiKinU tn-.i'liiii: "ii tl.* f.< 
frii n«l-, till* 1- till" ■■ ii'iiiii.iii\ liv \ili"tii II. V w i\ J. 
att«-iiilt<l. TIjih- .III- .-tiirit- t>'M— -tlii'\ i:-.i\ *•■ tr . : ! 
— I'f mil iii'ii, \\\i*\ III till" i:-**^' *'i |»MTli. l:i\. f : ; 
virtui* ainl r»«.ii'i»»l it. Tin \ \\*x*- •!• It- .iiil i-i-.- ?- 1 • • 
]iiiiif. Tli<-\ -)i-mM lit\i- luiiili- tlii- -IMP li 111 til* :r -A? 
uttT-. Tlii-v -li'-'.i'l li.i\i' -li««wii tin lii-i I\i- fit -i ;•■'• '. 
r*A'\**\ .iii'l |i:i\i'l i.;.'ii :iih1 j-l-'tliil .I'/uti't, .ii:-l .ki " i'- ' ■ 
.i!i\ ki.r. • . V. i. . ' • 1 I |. >. . w..-il ! 1 i\. -:..! •.•..• • 
i"M:li- \%:.. I: ^'.^ .:i.! !!.ii •! :]- .i:.-l !'.■:. ?•■.- -- 
\\ .!•! l.i'. ■•:..•: I I • . ! 

M: 1'..;. 

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" Upon my word, sir ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, laying his hand 
upon his hreast, and dropping his eyelids. 

" I forgot, " cried the old man, looking at him with a keen- 
ness which the other seemed to feel, although he did not raise 
his eyes so as to see it; *'I ask your pardon. I forgot you 
were a stranger. For the moment you reminded me of one 
Pecksniff, a cousin of mine. As I was saying — the young 
girl whom you just now saw is an orphan child, whom, with 
one steady purpose, I have bred and educated, or, if you prefer 
the word, adopted. For a year or more she has been my 
constant companion, and she is my only one. I have taken, 
as she knows, a solemn oath never to leave her sixpence when 
I die, but while I live, I make her an annual allowance, not 
extravagant in its amount and yet not stinted. There is a 
compact between us that no term of affectionate cajolery shall 
ever be addressed by either to the otlier, but that she shall 
call me always by my Christian name; I her, by hers. She 
is bound to me in life by ties of interest, and losing by my 
death, and having no expectation disappointed, will mourn it, 
perhaps; though for that I care little. This is the only kind 
of friend I have or will have. Judge from such premises what 
a profitable hour you have spent in coming here, and leave me, 
to return no more.'' 

With these words, the old man fell slowly back upon his 
pillow. Mr. Pecksniff as slowly rose, and, with a prefatory 
beni, began as follows : — 

"Mr. Chuzzlewit." 

" There. Go ! " interposed the other. " Enough of this. 
I am weary of you." 

"I am sorry for that, sir," rejoined !Mr. Pecksniff, "because 
I have a duty to discharge, from which, depend upon it, I 
shall not shrink. Xo, sir, 1 shall not shrink. " 

It is a lamentable fact, that as ^Ir. Pecksniff stood oroct 
besitie the bed, in all the dignity of Goodness, and addressed 
him thus, the old man cast an angry glance towards the candle- 
stick, as if he were possessed by a strong inclination to huinch 
it at his cousin*8 head. But he constrained liimself, and point- 
ing with his finger to the door, informed liini that his road lay 

"Thank you," said Mr. Pecksniff, "I am aware of that ; I 
going. But before I go, 1 crave your leave to sj^eak, and 



nion* tli:iii that, Mr. t'hii//l«-wit, I inii.-t iiihl will — yr-s iii<i*«^i, 
I rfjMMt it, iiiM>t .iiiil will --In* h*Mr«l. I niu n>t <t:rvr:<«-l, 
Mr, at iinythiii^ ym h.i\i* 1«>1<1 ini* tt-in^ht. It i« i. ii.r^. 
viTV luitiiMl, uinl till* ^rr.iti-r |i.irt <«f it w:l* kii*Mii i- r.<* 
U-fiin'. I will iiiit t*i\\\" i'iiiitiii(ii'«l Mr. I*im k-nitl, «lr.ivit!i» 
hih |HNki-t-liaiiilkiTi iiii-f, .iii«l uiiikiii^; with U>th i'\i-< it i. r. 
ill* It ui'D-, auMtii'-t lii" Mill. "I Mill Hot \"; ar* :. • 
taki'ii ill 111*'. Willi'' \i<ii an- 111 \i>'ir pii'-t-iit isi --I I « 
iKit !*.iy Mi f>ir thi- ui>rM. I .iliii'>-i ui-li. mi<I>>i1. !l:i! I • « 
a ilitliTi-iit ii.ili:ri', ( I iM;:lit !• pi*-^ «vi n tiii- -!:^':.t '.f> - 
bittii (if ui-.ikii* -- - ulii'li I <:tiiii<it i|i-L'>:i^'- fx"iii \ 'I. u:.. :. I 
ffij i.« hutiiili itiii^', liiit \ilii<-li \"(i Mill li.i\i till- .-..-.i?!.*. :. 
•■\i «!*«•. W'l' \s]\\ -.i\. if yi-'i |»l».i-i-." .I'lli'l Mr !*• ik-i.:"". 
with \iT%\ii t< It'll rii«-< ••! iiiiiiiitr, " it ir:»^ fr -in i .1 v 
till' iti'ail, **r I- .illriKitiitl*- (•• ^milt, i>r -iii*llit.^' ^.lil-, ■ r ••:.. ::-. 
nr .iii\lhiii'.; l'':l tli> r< il • iii>«' 

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firm. Subject to human weaknesses, he was upheld by con- 

Martin lay for some time with an expression on his face of 
silent wonder, not unmixed with rage; at length he muttered 
in a whisper : — 

"What does this meani Can the false-hearted boy have 
chosen such a tool as yonder fellow who has just gone outi 
Why not! He has conspired against me, like the rest, and 
they are but birds of one feather. A new plot — a new plot ! 
Ob, self, self, self ! At every turn, nothing but self ! " 

He fell to trilling, as he ceased to speak, with the ashes of 
the burnt paper in the candlestick. He did so, at first, in 
pore abstraction, but they presently became the subject of his 

"Another will made and destroyed," he said, "nothing 
determined on, nothing done, and I might have died to-night! 
I plainly see to what foul uses all this money will be put at 
last," he cried, almost writhing in the bed; "after filling me 
with cares and miseries all my life, it will perpetuate discord 
and bad passions when I am dead. So it always is. Wliat 
lawsuits grow out of the graves of rich men, every day ; sowing 
perjury, hatred, and lies among near kindred, where there 
should be nothing but love ! Heaven help us, we have much 
to answer for! Oh, self, self, self! Every man for himself, 
and no creature for me ! " 

Universal self! W^as there nothing of its shadow in these 
reflections, and in the history of Martin Chuzzlewit, on his 
own showing t 


raoM wnrcR it will ArricAii that ir ririoif mm vrmmmo- 


That worthy man Mr. PcckimifT, luvinK Ukpn lt«Tc 
eoiuiti in tlie iM»lifmn trrniM nTiUnl in tlie Ivt clufiiri 
drew to hill tiwu hi»ni«*, aii<l n*iiiniiii*<| thrn* thn««* whtil 
Hoi Ml much an ^»inri ***i^ '"r *^ walk hi*>'iintl thr UhihiI 
hiH t»wn >(iinli*ii, h'^t hi* ••)i(*uM U* liinttily uniuiiiiiti*'*! 
bixiUiili' fif hJH |M<iiiti'iit aii*l rriiiiirr*«»ftil ri*lntivi', w}|i<iu 
atiipli' U*iii>\iilfiif', hi* )mi1 iii.hli' up hi** min>l !<• (••rkM%«- 
ihti'iiilly, itu<i !<• l<i\*' "ii .iiiv tiTMi-. r»'it, ".:• )i i 
iil»4tiii.ii*v .iihl -uih thi' Kittt-r uttMP' «<f t) -Uru "\\ u. 
iio rt-)i*-iit.iiit tiitiiiiiiiii- t'.iin*- . .iii.l tin* f>iiirth «l.iv f-': 
lNH-k>«iiitr apiMrt'iitlv iiiii<'h furth-r frMui la* ( hri*tuii 
tluit th«* tir-t. 

Ihiriii^ thi* wli.tlc (if till-* iiitrr\ il, h<- haiiutfl tin- 
jit all timi*f( uinl -im^ih-i in th** •li\ .iii>l hu'lit, m-i. r* 
j»iHi.| «"\il, fviiio'il tlii> ilri'jN^t "'li' iSU'h' in llit- pr-- 
th" ••^•l'iri{«- iiMili'i. iiiwiiitMtli iht: Mr*. Ijtpiii wv 
iu"l!--l Kv III-' •ii«i!it*'rr«tiil .in\i«-t\ 'T-r 1m* •■ftt-ii |»»rt 
r»'|iir«'l h« r !•» tak" iMti-'f ih.i! lit- w.»'il'l •l-* thi •.i!:.f 
htruu'^r "T prij-r in t)if Itkf < '•n<liti>ii ■. .iii<l •>].•**! n. u 
itf I liiiir itixfi .iiil •!« Is.Oit. 

M«int)iiif «.lil M irtiii <*li'!//li'\*it ri-niiiii«>I -h ;! Mp 
nuii I hamU'r, .in-I -aw if p< r-**:! l-'it hi- Xii'iiip; -.i::! 
Ktviu^' tin* h"-ti"«* ««f \)i*' I'll'ii" l>ru'"ii. \*J..» w i-, \X 
liiiH'*, a'liiiitti'vl til hi- jifi-rn' • . Si "•■:r»!\ t* -Ih- 'm: 
till' r<^i!n, h'iu«\«-r, Mirtih f« -./!>i-<I !«• fill i>I<-< •• |i '.« 
wht'U hf aii«l th»* _\"'in,^* 1 i*U wir*- .il n-- !!ii! K«- w..-:! 
• wiifil, fVi'ii ih an-wi-r !«• th*' »iiii)-li^t iii'|-iir) . lh>*nj 
PrrkHMitT f'iMiM fti.ik«- Mut, hv har«l li-t« uim: .it i!ir tl.« 
Ihrj two U'iitg left tt^vUivr, hi* wan talkatm- «u.>ii^)i. 


It happened on the fourth evening that Mr. Pecksniff, 
walking, as usual, into the har of the Dragon, and finding no 
Mrs. Lupin there, went straight up stairs; purposing, in the 
fervour of his affectionate zeal, to apply his ear once more to 
the keyhole, and quiet his mind by assuring himself that the 
hard-hearted patient was going on well. It happened that 
Mr. Pecksniff, coming softly upon the dark passage into which 
a spiral ray of light usually darted through the same keyhole, 
was astonished to find no such ray visible; and it happened 
that >Ir. Pecksniff, when he had felt his way to the chamber- 
door, stooping hurriedly down to ascertain by personal inspec- 
tion whether the jealousy of the old man had caused this 
keyhole to be stopped on the inside, brought his head into 
such violent contact with another head that he could not help 
uttering in an audible voice the monosyllable "Oh!" which 
was, as it were, sharply unscrewed and jerked out of him by 
very anguish. It happened then, and lastly, that Mr. Peck- 
Huff found himself immediately collared by something which 
smelt like several damp umbrellas, a barrel of beer, a cask of 
warm brandy and water, and a small parlour- full of stale tobacco 
smoke, mixed; and was straightway led doxvn stairs into the 
W from which he had lately come, where he found himself 
standing opposite to, and in the grasp of, a perfectly strange 
p«?ntlenian of still stranger appearance, who, with his disen- 
^^ hand, rubbed his own head very hard, and looked at 
^ini, Pecksniff, with an evil countenance. 

The gentleman was of that order of appearance, which is 
<^rrently termed shabby-genteel, though in respect of his dress 
"«* can hardly be said to have been in any extremities, as his 
fiu^'irs were a long way out of his gloves, and the soles of his 
f*^t were at an inconvenient distance from the upper leather 
^^ his lx>ots. His nether garments were of a bluish grey — 
^*>lent in its colours once, but sobered now by age and dingi- 
^^^ — and were so stretched and strained in a tough conflict 
^'ween his braces and his straps that they appeared every 
J**<wnent in danger of flying asunder at the knees. His coat, 
® colour blue and of a military cut, was buttoned and frogged, 
'^P to his chin. His cravat was, in hue and pattern, like one 
* thoee mantles which hair-dressers are accustomed to wrap 
***t their clients during the progress of the professional 
^^teiee. His hat had arrived at such a pass that it would 

^^ UTE AKii AnvmmM or ^^ 

*• bMB hnnl <M ilil-niiui. nlftlur il w .^ i r i-jrtdlT • 

OT bbdL Bat ba von ■ mowUeba — ■ '^fgr wiMh 
Uo; Bothing in Um maak uul aiMaftil <nf, bat ^ail» ii 
iwa and aeomful atyla — tha lagnlar artank aart af H 
aad ba mn, bvidaa, a vaat qnaatilj ot onbtoAad hafe. 
wm T«i7 dirtj and rai; jauntj; Yvrj boU aid wy ■ 
vaty awaggariBg and tmj alinfcing ; Yt^y noeb Uka • wmt 
■j^ ban ban anmathing battsr, and iiiiP|iaa>aWj ttka a 
vko daaarrad to ba Mmething wocaa^ 

"Too wan MTaa-dn>pping at that door, jon va^hM 
aid tbia gantbnaB. 

Kr. Paekmifl' eart bin off. ai Baint Oanga aigfat 
Mpodiatad tba Dncm in that aninal'a laal ii ■iiifc. 
aaU: — 

"Wbon ia Hra. Lapin, I wondarl eaii tha good w 
pMaibly be awara that then ia a pnaon bar* who— ** 

"BUjI" Mi<l tbe gentlfrraan. "Wait a faiL 8ba 
know. Wbattbcnt" 

"What lh*n, dir?" rrir.1 Mr I'nrkanilT. "WTmI t 
Dd you krwiw, *iT, that I am tlir frirnal uiil rvlatiT* ci 
aiek |teiitl<Mnaii t T)i>t I am hU lavti^ctor, bia Rvati 
hia— " 

"Not hia niMv'a huahantl," inlcrpaaad tbr ■tnn|[n-, " I ' 
awom: for bf wm tbrro Mnn ynu." 

"U*bat do rou tnnuit" aaiil Mr. I'f^kanifT, with i>di| 
anrpiw, "WTiat ilo ynu irll m#, nirJ" 

" Wait a bit : " rrinl tb«> i<(hrr. " I Vrhapa .Ton ara a « 
— th« M)iurin wIm livf« in tbi* ]ilar#t" 

"I nm tb« rounin who livm in thia place," rrpliad tha 
of worth. 

" Vour iwniB ia Peekaniff t " Mid the ftMilleman. 


"I an proud to know jon, aoi) I aak four pardna," 
tha genUaman touching hia hat, and auba^iaMiUj diriai 
hind hia CTaral for a ahirt-«nllar, whirb. how»Trr. ha dk 
•ac««fld in hringiitg to tha aurfarw. " You bohold ia m», 
one who baa alao an intOTeat in that gfntlanaa ap ri 

Am be Mid thia, be toocbed tbf lip of hia bifh bom 
Kr ti inttmatian that ba would Irl Mr. I'eckaBiff into a a 


crown among a mass of crumpled documents and small pieces 
of what may be called the bark of broken cigars ; whence he 
presently selected the cover of an old letter, begrimed with 
dirt and redolent of tobacco. 

"Read that," he cried, giving it to Mr. Pecksniff. 

"This is addressed to Chevy Sly me, Esquire," said that 

"You know Chevy Slyme, Esquire, I believe 1" returned 
the stranger. 

Mr. Pecksniff shrugged his shoulders as though he would 
say, "I know there is such a person, and I am sorry for it." 

"Very good," remarked the gentleman. "That is my inter- 
est and business here." With that he made another dive for 
his shirt-collar, and brought up a string. 

"Now this- is very distressing, my friend," said Mr. Peck- 
sniff, shaking his head and smiling composedly. "It is very 
<iistre8sing to me to be compelled to say that you are not the 
person you claim to be. I know Mr. Slyme, my friend; this 
^ not do; honesty is the best policy; you had better not; 
foahad, indeed." 

"Stop! " cried the gentleman, stretching forth his right arm, 
which was so tightly wedged into his threadbare sleeve that it 
looked like a cloth sausage. "Wait a bit! " 

He paused to establish himself immediately in front of the 
fir^ with his back towards it. Then gathering the skirts of 
his coat under his left arm, and smoothing his moustache with 
his right thumb and forefinger, he resumed : — 

"I understand your mistake, and I am not offended. Why t 
"Jcause it 's complimentary. You suppose I would set myself 
^V ^or Chevy Slyme 1 Sir, if there is a man on earth whom a 
K*'ntlonian would feel proud and honoured to be mistaken for, 
^hat man is my friend Slyme. For he is, without an excep- 
^^% the highest-minded, the most independent-spirited, most 
^Kinal, spiritual, classical, talented, the most thoroughly 
ohaksperian, if not Miltonic, and at the same time the most 
^"^pwtingly unappreciated dog I know. But, sir, I have not 
"* Ttnity to attempt to pass for Slyme, Any other man in 
"* wide world I am equal to ; but Slyme is, I frankly confess, 
•R'^many cuts alx)ve me. Therefore, you are wrong." 
I judged from this," said Mr. Pecksniff, holding out the 
of the letter. 

YOL. t. 



"Ni> ilouU yiHi ditl," n-tiinii'il tli** p'litlriiiaiu "Hut, Mi 
PiirkHtiitr, thi' wholi' lhiii>; ri'.>tiilv«'i« itirlf iiit«i .in install'*- •>( t:i 
|H*culiuritii-M iif p*iiiuH. Kvitv miiii tif trm* p-niuft Lv» hi« \»^- 
liority. Sir, thi> |Nniliiirity nf my frifihl SU iii<- i« ih^t Lr 
alwuyi* wiiitiii^ ruiiiul th«* mritrr. \\t* in |ifr|N'tii.tll\ r< •::!;•{ *.:, 
oirinT, Kir. Ill* iJ* 1 11111111 tlif ntriii-r at tlii;* N'«. 
Nii<l th«* ^'iitlt'iuaii, f«lKikiii;^' 111- r>ritiii;jir U-fT*- hi- i.*-*, ^. 
|ihllltili^ lii-*< h%^ wiiliT ii{i.irt ii:* In- I<HiL*-«i att*ii!i-.« l> .:. M: 
iWkMiiitr'.H f.ii-«\ ** i'* a r«*iii.irkalily riiri>>ii- .iii<l !..'.• r« •!.:. 
trait ill Mr. Sl\iui-'h i* r, uiiil, wln'H*v»'r >!>;:• • .! 
itiiiicH !•• U- writti-ii, trail luM-t !«• t)hir<iM;:liI> ^i zk-I 
hy hin fiii^'raphi-r, nr r-M-ii-lv uill nut )«• -^ai-«(i«<l. «i'Mr\ 
iu«*, luN-ii-tv will ii>>t )■• h.itihtu'*!! '* 

Mr Til k-iiiil' «-iiii|k'Ii*-i1. 

*'SI\fin''i» liiii^rrapliiT, hir, wlii-i-vi-r h** may !■•, " n*':r-,*'i t-, 
p<titlfiiLiii, "iJiM-t a|i]i)y t«* till- ; '-r. if I .iiii u>'ii** t" tiii! u •' 
liio-li.ii:i*- fr>'!:i w lii* }i ir* t)iitt/<iii. '*••)• • iiti*- ^nk. Ir :.. .* . 
t.i ii.\ . \. . •.!■ r • f'-r I» .i\ • t" '• ii- !t .iM "I.J !i.\ ; i;- : . I i, 
I ik« ii 1 !• •\ ii- *> •, ::i '..•. : ■ r •.\ . , • i :..• ■ i ! / 
I • • • i : I . . f ■. k 1 ; ' • i ■ r ! • • : . ■ . I , -a i , . ■ ! . 'a • . ! : 

!!• !,i . ii ■. -■ f i:i I ^ ;■!■ ■. :.. r, ■ ■ i\ 
Ill'-!iTii. w 1.' !i i.' - .. : I. ! ! ■ ■ ! I '..*'.' 
w--:Mi, ! r-r.'-A. 'a ).!• ii w ■.. i \..\' •: •.. ! :. .: : N.. 

"Al.l II »\." I-;.- ! M: !'■ •. ■ ::!. ■ ; . :\ !. • , • 

• I- . " l:. I'. ]-■ Mr >:■.:... . ^;.-. :.r. .: 
I "r::. ■.!!•! !■■ ii,|;ri. \\\- i- . • ;•".!• : ■ ■, 

• .\% 11 . '. k? I- !■ r •■ ■!■ I'. ■'• i!i ::.'•:• ' .:. 

" Ifi ::.. : T ! ;■! I ■ ."■ r- • .".. 1 ?:.■ j- :.■:■■ it;. • v . •• • 

l:.-! • .• ! .-. Tf. I* I ■ ■■ ! • !'. i! !■ •.. ,:;., ^r. ! •' »! 1 ■• . 

.i'.l:t'l'"t'*!'. •• *■ *. I'r' •■T-'i'-'vf '• ".••■■ -^ 

I n ? i . ■ : . • \ • ; i ; ■ • . ■• . -.^ ■. i ! . ; '. • ■ . . ■ '.•.■.> * : • . * • : . « . • f 
Mv !i I- • . - r. 1- l'.. ." '{':.' :. .' . f M • ' .. .. !...*. - ■ 

. ■..'.• . ? !■ . I'. •..:. : r W .r I ' 

Mr I'..; :.:!! ,•'•..'... :. k ! - }:■ . !. 

••N ■ • .V.r." ^i: 1 V - ,' :/..• . .!.. ••T'.it • 

fatiii r, -.:. i I "'- .: K. :. i*:.- I »• . r. . . •:.?.%:• 

a* I/: :f« r I'.x . • t ■ ■ : • : :. • : • I : 

SItiih' I'i ?- vr. -. '.• i' 'I.- ?■ : . :. :• r ! • ■.•. •- : ■ 

With I hi- .iM.< *!.'•::.• ii't !.•- '!..::.•■[ t.» i\ !<> ! ;• .*.• r \* 

• ♦ • , 

:: .'.! • 


I I 


%» ». 


of the Blue Dragon, and almost immediately returned with a 
companion shorter than himself, who was wrapped in an old 
blue camlet cloak with a lining of faded scarlet. His sharp 
features heing much pinched and flipped by long waiting in the 
cold, and his straggling red whiskers and frowzy hair being 
more than usually dishevelled from the same cause, he certainly 
looked rather unwholesome and uncomfortable than Shaksperiaii 
or Miltonic 

"Now," said Mr. Tigg, clapping one hand on the shoulder 
of hiB prepossessing friend, and calling Mr. Pecksniif's atten- 
tion to him with the other, "you two are related, and rela- 
tions never did agree, and never will ; which is a wise dispen- 
Bation and an inevitable thing, or there would be none but 
funily parties, and everybody in the world would bore every- 
body else to death. If you were on good terms, I should 
consider you a most confoundedly unnatural pair; but standing 
towards each other as you do, I look upon you as a couple of 
devilish deep-thoughted fellows, who may be reasoned with to 
wf extent " 

Here Mr. Chevy Slyme, whose great abilities seemed one 
umI all to point towards the sneaking quarter of the moral 
compass, nudged his friend stealthily with his elbow, and 
whispered in his ear. 

"Chiv," said Mr. Tigg aloud, in the high tone of one who 
^as not to be tampered with, " I shall come to that, ]>resently. 
I act upon my own responsibility, or not at all. To the ex- 
tent of such a trifling loan as a crown piece to a man of your 
^cnt«, I look upon Mr. Pecksnifl" as certain ; " and seeing at 
tbis juncture that the expression of Mr. Pecksnifl's face by 
DO means betokened that he shared this certainty, Mr. Tigg 
laid his finger on his nose again for that gentleman's private 
and especial behoof, calling upon him thereby to take notice 
™ the requisition of small loans was another instance of the 
Peculiarities of genius as developed in his friend Slyme ; that 
"«i Tigg, winked at the same, because of the strong nietaphy- 
■ic*! interest which these weaknesses posses.sed, and that, in 
'cfeence to his own personal advocacy of such small advances, 
■• merely consult<Hl the humour of his friend, witliuut tlie least 
^^9^ to his own advantage or necessities. 

**tti, Chiv, Chiv!" added Mr. Tigg, surveying his adoj)ted 
■■tter with an air of profound contemplation after dismissing 



Uiirt pi«vo of imiitotiiiiiio. ** Vi»ii nn*, U|miii my liff, a • 
iiiht.iiii'i* **i Ui«' liltif fr.iilti*'.- lli:it )M'.<.«'t ii tiiiu'lit\ mm- 
tli«*r«' li.i<l ii*'V«*r U'i'ii .t ti-l«"Mii{M* 111 till- w<>rl«l, I •If'ii 

Imhmi i|Uit rt.iiii frifii iii\ ••)t-fri.itiMii (if >itii. ('Kit, U.xl 

w«*ri* .'•]ii*t'> «iii tlif '•Mil! I wi-li I iii.iy «ii«-, if iht" I- ii 
fiii«'«*n*-t -l.iti' iif i\iot«'iii'i' w«' tiiul iiiir** Ivf- r>r«o: 
wit)ii>'il kii<i^«iiiu' why **r wht-rt'f««rv, Mr. lV.k'ii:!r' 
Ii«'V«T Miiii i ' M-rili-i- :i- \n- »jil, llii- W'>rl I *• • ' .-fi 
llrtliili-l -t^*, ll«r<'il>-^ III i\ l.i\ .lUnl hii:i u;:h h.- >i 
I'Vfry {Hto-ihli' ihri-'ti'in, hui h^- <-.iii t pr<%iiil tlii <.k:< 
iii.tkiiik' ;i 111'**! iiii«>l«i ih]<- iti\v ••1) th*- r— 'f- »'i Ui* h i< 
t)|. ilii;:- fri'iii l«-iiiL* -li"t III t!.* h«>t vii'iih*-r if !*■• \ r :*.. 
th'- -Iri'i't- iniiii<i//h-<I. I. if.- - .1 ril'ii*. .» :-.i -: iti!. 
har>l rpl'lh- t-i L"«'^-. Mr. Tt- k-inf! M\ • wti • i-n. 'i :■ 
liki* ii'|i')>r.iti-l • "iri'i ltii!:i. ' \\ h\ - I in.kii II. Ji.. 
mill "'it "f 1 i:! ' tht r- - ii • III \\' r \" i! I i-«r. :; ■. - 
U.K. l! "^ !'..■■,:..:■ -t - rl .« \],\'...- ilt- ■. • ? i.. r - ^ .t :: 

li . -I-- : T ,.K.- . I- .? ■• 
r. V :. M- I .. ' 

II., ■' I*" 

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**K\«-ri luai..' ■ I. i M: !'■ ^ :. :!. i.*- i r.^i.:, u 


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• • • 


bubted rights (which I, for one, would not call in question 
or any earthly consideration — oh, no!) to regulate his own 
)roceeding8 by his own likings and dislikings, supposing they 
ire not immoral and not irreligious. I may feel in my own 
breast that Mr. Chuzzlewit does not regard — me, for instance, 
Bay me — with exactly that amount of Christian love which 
should subsist between us; I may feel grieved and hurt at the 
circumstance; still I may not rush to the conclusion that Mr. 
Chuzzlewit is wholly without a justification in all his coldnesses: 
Heaven forbid! Besides; how, Mr. Tigg," continued Peck- 
miff even more gravely and impressively than he had spoken 
yet — "how could Mr. Chuzzlewit be prevented from having 
thne peculiar and most extraordinary confidences of which you 
speak, the existence of which I must admit, and which I can- 
not but deplore — for his sake 1 Consider, my good sir " — 
iDd here Mr. Pecksniff eyed him wistfully — " how very much- 
It landom you are talking. " 

"Why as to that," rejoined Tigg, "it certainly is a difficult 

"Undoubtedly it is a difficult question," Mr. Pecksniff 
Uttwered. As he spoke, he drew himself aloof, and seemed to 
grow more mindful, suddenly, of the moral gulf between 
himself and the creature he addressed. " Undoubtedly it is a 
very difficult question. And I am far from feeling sure that 
it ia a question any one is authorised to discuss. Good even- 
ing to you." 

"You don't know that the Spottletoes are here, I suppose 1" 
•Md Mr. Tigg. 

"Wbat do you mean, sir? what Spottletoes?" asked Peck- 
•*^i stopping abruptly on his way to the door. 

"Mr. and ^Irn. Spottletoe," said Chevy Slyme, Esquire, 
*P«d[ing aloud for the first time, and speaking very sulkily, 
■"•nibling with his legs the while. "Spottletoe married my 
^•^r's brother's child, didn't he? And Mrs. Spottletoe is 
Choizlewit's own niece, isn't she? She was his favourite once. 
Ton may well ask what Spottletoes." 

**Kow, upon my sacred word ! " cried Mr. Pecksniff, looking 
•P^irda. "This is dreadful. The raj)acity of these people 
fciUolutely frightful!" 

**U*8 not only the Spottletoes either, Tigg," said Slyme, 
Wdng at that gentleman, and speaking at Mr. Pecksniff. 


evening. And so he took himself off, as little abashed by his 
recent failure as any gentleman would desire to be. 

The meditations of Mr. Pecksniff that evening at the bar of 
the Dragon, and that night in his own house, were veiy 
serious and grave, indeed; the more especially as the intelli- 
gence he had received from Messrs. Tigg and Slyme touching 
the arrival of other members of the family was fully coo- 
firmed on more particular inquiry. For the Spottletoes hid 
actually gone straight to the Dragon, where they were at that 
moment housed and mounting guard, and where their appea^ 
ance had occasioned such a vast sensation that Mrs. Lupin, 
scenting their errand before they had been under her roof half 
an hour, carried the news herself with all possible secrecy 
straight to Mr. Pecksniff's house; indeed, it was her great 
caution in doing so which occasioned her to miss that gentle- 
man, who entered at the front door of the Dragon, just as she 
emerged from the back one. Moreover, Mr. Anthony Chuz;le- 
wit and his son Jonas were economically quartered at the Half 
Moon and Seven Stars, which was an obscure alehouse; and 
by the very next coach there came posting to the scene of 
action so many other affectionate members of the family (who 
quarrelled with each other, inside and out, all the way down, 
to the utter distraction of the coachman) that in less than four- 
and-twenty hours the scanty tavern accommodation was at a 
premium, and all the private lodgings in the place, amounting 
to full four beds and a sofa, rose cent, per cent, in the market 

In a word, things came to that pass that nearly the whole 
family sat down before the Blue Dragon, and formally invested 
it; and Martin Chuzzlewit was. in a state of siege. But ha 
resisted bravely; refusing to receive all letters, messages, and 
parcels ; obstinately declining to treat with anybody ; and hold- 
ing out no hope or promise of capitulation. Meantime the 
family forces were perpetually encountering each other in divers 
parts of the neighlxjurhood ; and, as no one branch of the 
Chuzzlewit tree had ever been known to agree with another, 
within the memory of man, there was such a skirmishing, and 
flouting, and snapping off of heads, in the metaphorical sense 
of that expression ; such a bandying of words and calling of 
names; such an upturning of noses and wrinkling of brows; 
such a formal interment of good feelings and violent resurrec- 
tion of ancient grievances, as had never been known in those 




quiet parts sinoe the earliest record of their civilised exia- 

At length, in utter despair and hopelessness, some few of the 
belligerents began to speak to each other in only moderate 
terms of mutual aggravation; and nearly all addressed them- 
selves with a show of tolerable decency to Mr. Pecksniff, in 
recognition of his high character and influential position. 
Thtts, by little and little, they made common cause of Martin 
Chuzzlewit's obduracy, until it was agreed — if such a word 
em be used in connection with the Chuzzlewits — that there 
^ould be a general council and conference held at Mr. Peck- 
miff's house upon a certain day at noon, which all members 
d the family who had brought themselves within reach of 
Utt commons were forthwith bidden and invited, solemnly, to 

If ever Mr. Pecksniff wore an apostolic look, he wore it on 
thii memorable day. If ever his unruffled smile proclaimed 
the words, ''I am a messenger of peace ! " that was its mission 
DOW. If ever man combined within himself all the mild 
qoalities of the lamb with a considerable touch of the dove, 
uid not a dash of the crocodile, or the least possible suggestion 
<tf the very mildest seasoning of the serpent, that man was he. 
And, oh, the two Miss Pecksniffs ! Oh, the serene expression 
on the face of Charity, which seemed to say, " 1 know that all 
ay family have injured mo beyond the {)ossibility of repara- 
tt<», but I forgive them, for it is my duty so to do! " And, 
oh, the gay simplicity of Mercy; so charming, innocent, and 
infant-like, that if she had gone out walking by herself, and it 
W been a little earlier in the season, the robin-redbreast might 
^^▼e covered her with leaves against her will, believing her to 
be one of the sweet children in the wood, come out of it, and 
M*oing forth once more to look for blackl)erries, in the young 
freshness of her heart! Wiat words can paint the Pecksniffs 
in that trying hour ? Oh, none ; for words have naughty com- 
pany among them, and the Pecksniffs wore all goodness. 

fat when the company arrived! That wjis the time. 
When Mr. Pecksniff, rising from his seat at the table's head, 
^^ i daughter on either hand, rocoivod his guests in the Ixjst 
pAnr and motioned them to chairs, with oyoa so overflowing 
•4 countenance so damp with gracious perspiration that ho 
bo said to have been in a kind of moist meeknesa And 



tin* riinipniiv ; tlif jiMl<>ti*>, -l«»ii\ -Im- irli'^i, i|i-tri-!f':l -. ■-•»\-i 
\v)fi M'l-ri* :ill -hut Mji III llM-iii-iI\ • -. iii'i i.ii II • f k.*. ' 

)»"iv, .iU*\ Wk'iM Tl'l fitlliXi' .Ill\ lllllt;/. klfl u.-i:i i I. • ■ 
.ill"W !h»lii*i'l\«'"* !'• ^<- -•■f!«lj«'l "F I'llU'l i-i'i}> ^•\ :• !*■ k 
-111!!-* tliiM if !lii-\ lii'l Utii -• III iii\ !iii|.'«liv'' ■ r I' •■ 

Kjr-l, !li'T»" M.I- Ml. S|Mil?li fiM-, mIi.i u.i- -.. }.,i I I- ■ . 
■•iii'li Ki;" \i)ii--k*r- ill it If -•■•■iii»"»l t-i li.i\«- -t-:'j-'l :..- i . - 
till' •.M<I>|iii .i;ij'l:' it;.iii i'f -■•III- jH.wi rf il r"rii-'i\. :r; :■■ 
.ill "f fill-.ii^' -tl li;« li- I'l, .iii>l 1""!m\"- !i-?«:pI :! ::■• . • 
• ■n Ir.p f I' ' "Mm :i tliiti- m .i- Mi- >'-■'! 1. !>■•. u : • , 


lUMi li tii- -!i!ii f«r li« I \> IT'. III'! "f .1 j--*!:' il ■ !i '■:' .! :.. ^ . 
;iii i.txiiii .| 1.. i;if If . I,, r rii-ri- iri!iiuit«- Iri-ii-lo !f. •? '.• 
wlii-ki-r- \\i Tf " !!ii I -J. t i: ■■( Ip I • \; •?«!.•■. ■■ ii. I « ' 
iii'ii, li\ ri 4 II •( li» I -!:■'./ illi«ti..ii !". r l.» r : !• « ' 
« »:, iIi'l !!•' -Ii ■ \ :! -• !'■ • ii' r : ■ I- ■ : ;- ■ !• I f :• -! »• 
i|« -1. '11- M!" ■': *i' ■■.■!••■•! •.:iij' ' t ■ ! '. . > ■ • j-T r-i .:j 

t ■' .• ■ I \\' '• \ ■ • ■ :«•.*"'..■.:■ A • t r , ; 1 : i . I • I ■ 

■ f ■■ ' • 

■ ' ■ : ; ■ - 

. f •■■:■■■ ■ 

r I I '.:. 


f 1 


• • 


■ I ■■ . !»■■ 

\* ir !.■ 


t \ 

■ : ' I ■ ■ . 

■ I . 


t • 

. • • 


carried out. Then there was a solitary female cousin who was 
remarkable for nothing but being very deaf, and living by 
herself, and always having the tooth-ache. Then there was 
George Chuzzlewit, a gay hachelor cousin, who claimed to be 
yoiong but had heen younger, and was inclined to corpulency, 
and rather overfed himself, — to that extent, indeed, that his 
eyes were strained in their sockets, as if with constant sur- 
prise; and he had such an obvious disposition to pimples that 
the bright spots on his cravat, and the rich pattern on his 
waistcoat, and even his glittering trinkets, seemed to have 
broken out upon him, and not to have come into existence 
comfortably. Last of all, there were present Mr. Chevy Slyme 
and his friend Tigg. And it is worthy of remark that, al- 
though each person present disliked the other mainly because 
he or she did helong to the family, they one and all concurred 
in hating Mr. Tigg hecause he did n't. 

Such was the pleasant little family circle now assembled in 
Mr. Pecksniff's hest parlour, agreeably prepared to fall foul of 
Mr. Pecksniff or anybody else who might venture to say any- 
thing whatever upon any su])ject. 

**This," said Mr. Pecksniff rising, and looking round upon 
them, with folded hands, " does me good. It does my daugh- 
ters good. We thank you for assembling here. We are grate- 
ful to you with our whole hearts. It is a blessed distinction 
that you have conferred upon us, and, believe me, " — it is 
impossible to conceive how he smiled here — "we shall not 
earily forget it." 

"I am sorry to intemipt you, Pecksniff," remarked Mr. 
Spottletoe, with his whiskers in a very portentous state ; " but 
yoQ are assuming too much to yourself, sir. Who do you 
imagyie has \f, in contemplation to confer a distinction upon 
yotf, Pirt " 

\ general murmur echoed this inquiry and applauded it. 
"If you are about to pursue the course with which you have 
^*gun, sir," pursued Mr. Spottletoe in a groat heat, and giving 
• violent rap on the table with his knuckles, " the sooner you 
^ttiat, and this assembly separates, the better. I am no 
•tmiger, sir, to your preposterous desire to be regarded as the 
«Bd of this family, but I can tell i/oUy sir — " 

Oh, yes, indeed! He tell. He/ What! He was the 
^••d, was he! From the strong-minded woman downwards 


eToybody MU ^^^ iiuUtit^ upon Mr. SpoUleloci» vbo ahm 
vainly attomptiiig U» \m hiiirJ in iilonoo was fain to ait iumm 
again, folding bin arma and Mliaking hia head miwt wtatbfnUy. 
and giving Mm. S|M>tUet4ie to undenttand in dumb abmr l^ 
that acoundrel r«ckiiniff might gu on for tha pft^nU bat ht 
wouM cut in pn*iiently and aiiuihihitc him. 

"I am not wirry,** aoid Mr. r^khuitf in rMunpticm U kit 
addrea% — "1 am n«ily not aorry tliat thia little innilrnt ba» 
hap|»ned. It i* good tti fvel that we aro met hriv »ith(«l 
iae. It in guud Xo know tliat we liave no ivarnre lrl««e 
h other, iNit are appc*aring fit*«'ly in our own charartfrB. " 
Here the i*lil(*iit «laught«*r of tlie utrong-mtntlrtl woman 
a little way from h«-r M*nt, and tn-mUing violently fnm 
to footi nM»n* an it nHMiiml with |MiMiion tlian timidity, np 
a general ho|M* timt mnuv |ii*«iple trouid ap|iear in ihrtr ••«* 
charartens if it wrn* only for Huch a pnicr«<<ling having the 
attraftitiu i»f iinvrltv t^i n*«iiiiiinf'iid it; and tliat, wht-n thr« 
(iu<iiiiiiig tht* Hiiiir |if«t|ili* U-fon' iii«*ntittn«*<i) talk«'«l aUmt tbrir 
n*lutiiiti% tlii-v uiiiiM )m* nin-fnl to ofM-rvi* wlm wmi prrM-xxt m 
riiiii|NiiiY .it tilt- tiiiii*. ••t)ii'r\% iM> It iiti^lit ci'iiii' ri>iiiii !«• t^w 
n'|i*!i*i' I'.ir", 111 .1 u.i\ tlii'V littli* «'X|M-i ti**! . uinl At^ l** mS 

iKlM'lt inlli' ••)r.tT\i-*l I f*\iv Ii.mI Vi't t^' I« .ini il f* •! Il* m Mm 


any diitgnu'f, iii.i.-iuii< )i :ir* |M>ii|tli* nntht-r iii.i*li' ift -'l ^rvvl 

thrir own iitiM-s, l>ut IlhI xUhX (mtun* pr«i\itli>il fortlma «i*.h* 

«iut U*in^ tii>t i-i>n«iilt4 <1 . t)iMii::li i-vm u|><ii tlmt )>r3i.< U • f Mm 

niilij»«rt hhi* h:i<l ^'r»Mt •I'tiilit'* wlitliit-r ri Main n«»*ii» wrrv rr-i.>»r 

than oth^T n'-**'-, «<r, iii«it*«-il, li.ilf -■• ri-*) .t-- "••iiif. Thi^ r* mara 

U-in^' r*-«i-i\i*l with .1 -linll titt* r \*\ tin- t«*i Hint* r« <f tbfr 

ii|M-.iktr, Mi-« ( hirtlv ]*i-«L-nitf f«i;;*«'d with inui h |«'l;trn#« 

tii U' i!if>>r*it' •{ ^ilpttit-r .iii\ of itii«<4> \ir\ Io« <•)•-« n kii-cw 

Wi ri- 1*-\<ISI ii }.• r , .iii'l n*«i-i\in^ no iiii*n^ •'\|>lAiiAl*«rr 

.iti>Mir tliiM *.« •- ••■!i'ii\>>l III itif .I'li^**- **rii<"*«' thf • up hU^ 

!• t till 111 \%*.ir It." wiipn •ii.itfl\ I ■•nitni-nri*«l ■ •••iiir«hal 

;i> ritii -;i-.- .- tifl {M-r-'iiil rt!*>it, uliirtin riM- »«i» iiiii«-h < • «i 

f->rS'i i:) 1 k^«:!>il Y'\ iii-r «i<t*r Mt-r*^. win* Uiik*l>''«l *t th* 

•>•'.• '•«.!}. ^.-ft it !.•■ irtiiit'-». iii<it**l, nii«rr iia(iir.dl]i ihftn 

it'. \r. 1 :: *• :li.: '{':\'»- iri»j-»-j»;'-l«' .uiV 'lllfrr* !ivr ^t 

• : -. '. ' i:i *. k-.' y\\* iiu ii^* wntui !i uith«<iit «-\rr^ norua 

»' « *' :. tM trill*; t.ikiii^' .i-li\< )».irt in it, tin* »tr\ai; 

II. r > t : [\ ,:, I t.. r !-•«•< •! f ibTh*.* r-. ml Mr«. S|»tllH'«-, ibl 

\\r i< if •••."Ui ivi)i.> -4 .bn ii'rt ;it Al It-^juAhti***! frotu juiuin^ la 



the dispute by reason of being perfectly unacquainted with its 
merits), one and all plunged into the quarrel directly. 

The two Miss Pecksniffs being a pretty good match for the 
three Miss Chuzzlewits, and all five young ladies having, in 
the figurative language of the day, a great amoimt of steam to 
dispose of, the altercation would no doubt have been a long 
one but for the high valour and prowess of the strong-minded 
woman, who, in right of her reputation for powers of sarcasm, 
did so belabour and pummel Mrs. Spottletoe with taunting 
words that that poor lady, before the engagement was two 
minutes old, had no refuge but in tears. These she shed so 
plentifully, and so much to the agitation and grief of Mr. 
Spottletoe, that that gentleman, after holding his clenched fist 
close to Mr. Pecksniff's eyes, as if it were some natural curi- 
osity, from the near inspection whereof he was likely to derive 
high gratification and improvement, and after offering (for no 
particular reason that anybody could discover) to kick Mr. 
(leorge Chuzzlewit for, and in consideration of, the trifiing 
sum of sixpence, took his wife under his arm, and indignantly 
withdrew. This diversion, by distracting the attention of the 
combatants, put an end to the strife, which, after breaking out 
afresh some twice or thrice in certain inconsiderable spurts and 
daslips, died away in silence. 

It was then that Mr. Pecksniff once more rose from his 
chair. It was then that the two Miss Pecksniffs composed 
themselves to look as if there were no such beings — not to say 
pn?sent, but in the whole compass of the world — as the three 
Mi-« Chuzzlewits; while the three Miss Chuzzlewits became 
equally unconscious of the existence of the two Miss Pecksniffs. 

"It is to l)e lamented," said Mr. Pecksniff, with a forgiving 
rpcc»llecti<»n of Mr. Spottletoe's fist, "that our friend should 
have with<irawn himself so very hastily, though we have cause 
for mutual conj^tulation even in that, since we are assured that 
be is not distrustful of us in regard to anything we may say or 
do, while he is alisent. Now, that is very soothing, is it not ? " 

"Pecksniff," said Anthony, who had been watching the 
whole party with peculiar keenness from the first "don't you 
be a hyp<x!rite. " 

" A what, my good sir t " demanded Mr. Pecksniff. 

" A hypocrite. " 

"Charity, my dear," said Mr. Pecksniff, "when I take my 


chamber oiiidleitick to-nighti remiiid im to bt 

unudly puiicuUr in prmying for Mr. Aathoqr Cbnolrvi^ 

who hai dioe me an iigiutic«.'* 

Thia waa aaid in a v«ry liland Toioa. and a«ida» aa fani^ 
addfaatad to bia daugbtrr'a |invat« ear. With a cbavrfalani 
ol eonaciencc, pn>mpliug almust a aprigbtly dmieanuiir, bt 
then rrauniMl: — 

"All our tbimghU centring in our Trry dt«r« but unkind 
rektive, ami ho lietiig w it were Iwyond our rrach* we aiv mH 
to>day, ivally an if wt* wen* a funeral |«ity» except — a Uemd 
exoepti«in — tliat there in nn Imily in the h«iu«e.^ 

The «trung-niinde«l UmIv wm ni4 at all sure that thia va» a 
bkMwd exce|ittiin. Quite the ctmtrmr^'. 

" WelU niy dear niailam ! ** wid Mr! l*eck«niff. ** Be th^ « 
it may, here we ore; aiHl bring here, we are to crtmitit 
whetlier it in iHnwiUr, by any juatitiaUe mean* — ** 

"Why. y*iii kimw at* wrll itn 1/* naitl the *tr«iiig-niiiiiUd UJv. 
"that any iiiriiiu* an* juMitiaMi* in Mi<*h a fOM*, di>u't y*Mit " 

"Wry ^••"■1, iii\ tlt-ar inaiLiiu, viry p-"l — whrlh«r it i« 
|ii»^-«iU«* l»v 'imf III*' III* — u«" will ^iv ltv 'iMv tu«*au< — l-- ■ ;»l 

tin* v\v» I if «'Mr \.|lili-l r*-l.ltl>r I** lll« |ir«*««-nt CL 

Wht'thiT it I- i-i^oiMi- til iit.ik*' liim im •{uaiiittNi )iy afiT nK4a# 
with thi* « tt r .iii<l pitr|*'»i- of yi>uii^* frtuai*- «b ^v 
Mraiip*, uh.M^- v«ry -!riiik'* |--iii«»ii, in nfi-n-im- t«» him«>«f^ 

— h«*n» Mr. I**-* k^iiilf -unk In- \i'iii' to iiii im|in-^i\t< «hi*;vf 
-— '**r«*Ally (.ifti* a ^)l.l•l••w ••( tli-k'r.M-i- :iii*l i»h<inii' ii)"*ii tuw 
family. ati^I wh-i, Wi* k!i'»w '* — Imf. ||i- r.u-«-*i hi* \«i.r 

— •'I'lirt' wliy l* -!»•• Ill* • ••IU)Miil«<ll ? Inirt-iur^* lUr \rt\ h 
dr^i^i^'* (iiM>!i 111* w«Mkii«-fv* .iii'l til* |irii|H'rt\.*' 

Ill tlu-ir fttr<'M^' fi-«-liii^' •>» thi- |Miiiit, thfv, «)fi a4:r«^r«i la 
ncthiiit; «>1*«% .ill I ••tinirri*! .l- ••iir iitin«l. Ii<*"l ]!•■«%•■». that 
ftlii' i>h<*iiM harU-iir •!• -i^n* ti|Miii )ii>« pr*i|ii'rl\ ! TIm* ^irHc^ 
miiiib**! Lilly wa** ft>r i-'i*<>ii. ht-r ihr«-«* iLri^'httr* w*t^ f*« 
ilriih'Wi'll Aiiil liriMil ami uatt-r, thf «<-i-iii «i;li thf t*>4h-aii-hr 
ail\<«*4t«'<| Ikitatiy Iliy, thf tw«i Mi** rtrk^inllii »it«;^:r«tnl 
fltVk'iii^* N"f»«ly Ifit Mr. Tuv. «}i«i. ii>>t wit li«tAii« link: bw 
estri-iiif fi}ri)iliiiii'*}>, u.i* -till uii'liT^t'*'*! (•• !•■ in •<>txi«- **>rt a 
laii\ '" m.iti, in riprlit ••( hi* upi-r li]i -m-l In* fr'-k'v, iiitii>Al«^ 
e il'.iiU of t).«- iU"titifiltl*' iijt IP' i>f tli**«* iii«-.k"*ir«-« . Ji!k 1 hr 
i^tiU v'!*-*l tit' tiir*« Ml<^* ('h';//ii tt it* Milh tlir It-Afil *|iuitl*:rv 

iif luiitir ill hu odiiuiratiun, a» though he «<>uM olsfr^r, ** \\« 


are positively down upon her to too great an extent, my sweet 
creatures, upon my soul, you are ! " 

"Xow," said Mr. Pecksniff, crossing his two forefingers in 
a manner which was at once conciliatory and argumentative; 
*' I will not, upon the one hand, go so far as to say that she 
deserves all the inflictions which have been so very forcibly 
and hilariously suggested " — one of his ornamental sentences ; 
•*nor will I, upon the other, on any account compromise my 
common understanding as a man by making the assertion that 
she does not. AVhat I would observe is that I think some 
practical means might be devised of inducing our respected — 
shall I say our revered — " 

" No ! " interposed the strong-minded woman in a loud voice. 
"Then, I will not," said Mr. Pecksniff. "You are quite 
right, my dear madam, and I appreciate and thank you for 
your discriminating objection — our respected relative to dis- 
pose himself to listen to the promptings of nature, and not to 
the — " 

Go on. Pa ! " cried Mercy. 

Why, the truth is, my dear," said Mr. Pecksniff, smiling 
upon his assembled kindred, " that I am at a loss for a word. 
The name of those fabulous animals (pagan, I regret to say) 
who used to sing in the water has quite escaped me." 
Mr. George Chuzzlewit suggested "Swans." 
"No,'' said Mr. Pecksniff; "not swans. Very like swans, 
toa Thank you." 

The nephew with the outline of a countenance, speaking for 

the first and last time on that occasion, propounded "Oysters." 

"No," said Mr. Pecksniff, with his own peculiar Ul*banity, 

**n«.»r oysters. But by no means unlike oysters; a very excel- 

Irnt idea; thank you, my dear sir, very much. AVait! 

Sirens. Dear me I sirens, of course. I think, I say, that 

mfans might }ye devised of disposing our respt^cted relative to 

YiAt^n to the promptings of nature, and not to the siren-like 

delui»ions of art. Now we must not lose sight of the fact that 

our esteennnl friend has a grandson, to whom he wiu<, until 

latelv, y^ry much attached, and whom 1 could have wished to 

we here to-day, for I liave a real and deej) regard for him. A 

fine young man; a very fine young man! I would submit to 

yoQ, whether we might not remove Mr. Chuzzlewit 's distrust 

cf iit| and vindicate our own disinterestedness by — " 


"Tf Mr. OwirgB Chunleirit has aajlluag to Hjr to »«,* 
intorpoinl the stmng-mitided vooua «lflniljr» **I bug ium t» 
■pMk out« like a man ; aimI not to look at on* and njr 
ten aa if he muld eat ur." 

''Aa U> liMiking, I have heaid it aaiil, Mia. Ned,** 
Mr. Ge<vrge ani^'ilv* "that a cat in free to eontemiJalfi a 
arch; ami then*fiirp I ho|ie I have aome righl» haviaK 
bom a member (if thin family, to look at a peiMiti who mkf 
eanw into it liy marriage. An to eatinic I beg to aajr 
bittomeaa jiMir jealtmnieii and diiiapiMiinted esfiectatioaa 
anggeat to jim, that I am mit a cannihal, ma'am.** 

'*! don't kiKiw that!'* rri<*«l the iitr«mg-miniled wonaa. 

"At all events if I wa«i a eannihd,** aaid Mr Omt 
Chuulewit, gn*atly utimukiteii liy thin retort, *'l flunk « 
would occur t4i me that a laily who hail outlived thfra bi 
and iiu(fere«l mi verv little fMm their hwa muat be mMt 


mi ml J t4m^h.** 

Thf Htn»ii.;-fiiiiiil«*4| wmiimii irniniMliiitfly mm*. 

"A 11*1 I Mill finiti<-r H>M/' -^.tiil Mr. 4f«*<ir^% maMif^ V.i* 
heail vioI«*iitlv at i'Vitv m*i-.i||i| ».v1U)iN* . "tuiiiitit; u** t%Ms*'^ 
an4 tlit'ri*rir** tiMrtinu' ii«>Uii)y Init th*H4< whiw iitiiM-ifiK*^ Wm 
them th«'y .ip- tllihlfl \*\ X\i.%\ I tlniik it w.nilil )*• mii<-li o>c« 
di*****!!! .lli«l IsM 11111111;;. if thuM* wh<» hi«tki*«l uml rr< ■•k«^l tbr^ 
M*lvf*i« iiit«» thi-' f.iiiiily fiy p'ttin^ nii thf )4iii«l milr ••! ••«b# -i 
itn m«*tiiUT« lH-f'*r«> iiiirrii^'i'. .iiii| iiiiiii*Uii;;hli*riiii* tiirm afirr 
wanU liv rriiwiii;* ii\«r thi-in !<• i*tP>iij pitch that 
wrn* ^liiil til ilii', wiiiilil r« f r.iiii frmii iirtin^* thr |iart ••! itthi 
ill rtv-ipl til iithtT i!i*<iiiUT« «if thi« family who «rv litinc I 
think it WfiiM U- Till .1^ wi-il. if ti>it U-tit-r. if th<»r ibtlivki- 
ii.ilt Hi'iiM k«*«-{i iit hiiiiu-. «-Miit«-ntiti^ th«>ni««'l\i^ with wbal 
th«-v li.i\f t'"t i)ii*'kil\ fi-r tht'Mii .ilrt-.wlv . iti«tfl*4t| *4 hmmi^ 
nU*'it, ;iitl lliru-tiiu* thfir Iiii;,it- iiitii a fjuiiilr pK. wbirb 
thi-y tl.i\i>iir riiM' li !ii<>ri- than i*ii«iii^li, 1 ran trll thrcn, 
th«*v nn- fifty iiiilf* .iw.iv.** 

** I in!;;lit lnvi* >»'<-ii |in-|kin*«l f.»r thi«!" rnr^l tlie •tffti 
miiHit •! ^« "Ml 111, I'kikini* aUiiit )i*'r «itli a iliMaUinful »miW 
•Im* iii'i\f<I t'-w.ipU tlif iliMir. f«>ll<iHi-«l hy h«*r thrw «tan 
" iiiilMsl I WW fully )tn|*ir«-<l f.«r it, fniiii llii» firwt. What 
ouiiM 1 <<\]Mit 111 *'!• It All .itnp*«pl<t-r«- .t« till*!** 

'*I^»irt tlin»t viHir li.ilfiM\-i>rti«^-r'f» fr^f* at me, ma'aak rf 
you plrona*.*' ititrriHM-ii Mif^H riuinty . 'Tt I wini't hear iL" 


was a smart stab at a pension enjoyed by the strong- 
minded wcmiaD, during her second widowhood and before her 
last ooreriure. It told immensely. 

** I passed from the memory of a grateful country, you very 
miserable minx," said Mrs. Ned, "when I entered this family; 
and I feel now, though I did not feel then, that it served me 
right, and that I lost my claim upon the United Kingdom of 
Great &itain and Ireland when I so degraded myself. Now 
my dears, if you 're quite ready, and have sufficiently improved 
yooraelves by taking to heart the genteel example of these two 
young ladies, I think we'll go. Mr. Pecksniff, we are very 
mach obliged to you, really. We came to be entertained, and 
yoa have far surpassed our utmost expectations in the amuse- 
ment you have provided for us. Thank you. Good- by ! " 

With such departing words did this strong-minded female 
paralyse the Pecksniffian energies; and so she swept out of the 
room, and out of the house, attended by her daughters, who, 
as with one accord, elevated their three noses in the air and 
joined in a contemptuous titter. As they passed the parlour 
window on the outside, they were seen to counterfeit a perfect 
transport of delight among themselves; and with this final 
blow and great discouragement for those within, they vanished. 

Before Mr. Pecksniff or any of his remaining visitors could 
offer a remark, another figure passed this window, coming at 
a great rate in the opposite direction; and immediately after- 
wards ^Ir. Spottletoe burst into the chamber. Compared with 
his present state of heat, he had gone out a man of snow or ice. 
His head distilled such oil upon his whiskers that they were 
ridi and clogged with unctuous drops; his face was violently 
inflamed, his limbs trembled; and he gasped and strove for 

'• My good sir ! " cried Mr. Pecksniff. 

** Oh yes ! " returned the other ; " oh yes, certainly ! Oh, to 
be sure I Oh, of course ! You hear him ? You hear him ? all 

** What 's the matter ! " cried several voices. 

**Oh nothing!" cried Spottletoe, still gasping. "Nothing 
il all! It *8 of no consequence ! Ask him ! He *11 tell you ! " 

"I do not understand our friend," said Mr. Pecksniff, look- 
ing aboat him in utter amazement " I assure you that he is 
fttie miintelligible to me. " 

66 un AXD ADTnmrui or 

"UnintoUigible. ■irt'* cried Um other. '*UnuitdU|ciUi: 
Do you niMUi to ny, sir, tiuU ymi don't kaow wbat hm ha^ 
penedl That you hnven't <lecoyed ut hem» and Uad a filU 
and a plan againat us! Will you venture to my that t«i« 
didn't know Mr. Chuxalewit was goin^ air, and thai yu« 
don't know he 'a gone, eir f " 

"Gone!** waa Uie general cry. 

"Gone,** echoed Mr. HpoUletoe. "Gone while «« wm 
aitting here. (tone. NoUHly knowa where he 'a g««ie <— oh, 
of eourae not! Nobody knew he waa going — oh, c4 cnmar 
not! The landlady thought up t4> the Teiy laat nioini>nt thai 
they were meivly going f«ir a ride ; ahe had no other a«ia|noas. 
(H^ of eourw not ! She *■ not thia fellow'a creatuiv. Oh. ctf 
eomae not!" 

Adding to theae esdamationji a kind of ironieal howL tmk 
gating Ufmn the oiin|iany for one brief inatant eflnnaiih. m 
a 8U«ld<*n »ili*nrf, the* irritat^Hl |;t*ntlrman utATtrd ott again ai 
the naUM* tri*nii'n«lniipi |inr«*, mid wan Hern no hkitp. 

It wiiM ill viiin r>r Mr. iVrlcMiitr tn luutun' thrm tliat thw 
now aii<l iip|Mirttiiir i-v.L*>i<>ii ••( th«* family wmi at lr«f>t «• girot 
a uliork aii<l HurpriM* to him am tn aiiyNnly rlnr. iH all thr 
bully iiipi ami tli-nuiiri.itiMiiM that wm* rvrr hra|»-«! <« •«* 
unlurky ht*:iil, n<>iii- run ovit have i'xm-«iiH| in mrrKT aBJ 
lH^*rtin«*M thiM«« with whirh h«* wnn r«»m|ihm<*ntr«i liy riorh ^4 
hill r««mAiniiiK n*hitiv«*fi, ftin^Iy, \i\mtu hiililm^ him fan'wrlL 

Tlie mi* |MMitiitii tukrii hy Mr. Ti>;k ^"^ (^*nir thing f|iiiU 
tr«*mriii|tiuit ; nti«l th** <l«Mf oiu^in, who \i»t\ th«* rtini|4KBti*d 
af:>(T«v.ition of fN>firi^ all th«* pr* «**'«*« I in^R otn! hi-onnic nt4hmg 
Uit tht* rjit4i.*itn>iih«-, nrtii.illy rM-ni|M-4| h«*r i^h^v** u|b<i tW 
P4-ra|H'r« nti<l uft«*rwiinU iliittriUittil im|ir«*Mioiifi i>f thrm all 
<iv«'r thi* top *t«-p. 111 tok«'ii ^hf hhiMik thr <lu«t fr««i h>f 
fcN*t )M'r>r«' «[<iittiii^ th«M'mhliii^ an«l |M*rtiili«iuii manai«aL 

Mr. iVi k»iiitf hAtl, in vihort, Imt «inr oimfi-rt, anil thai »■» 
tlir kni'wiiilp* that all thi*M* h\n n*liiti<*n»i ami fnrmU ha«l halfd 
him to th«* vrry utni<wt rxt«*nt la-fon*. anil that br, fi« k» 
port, h.ti| iii>t (liotriliiitt'tl amon^ th«*m any m'*rr lorr, thaik 
with hill ampli- iMpital in that n*ft|M*ft, hr c*ni\*\ rftiiiif«ifftaUf 
affiml to |k.irt with. Thin virw «*f hi* affair* yifMr«l him gfvai 
eonMiLition . ami tlit* fjrt (h>M*rv**ii to U* notr«l, a* nhttwing with 
what rmf^ a p^-l man may )■* otUiMih<«l umirr cirruttotancaa ctf 
lailurr ami liiMpiMnntrnfiit. 


co!rrAnnNO a full account of the installation of mk. 

PKCKSXIFF's new pupil into the bosom of MR. PECKSNIFF'S 

The best of architects and land surveyors kept a horse, in 
whom the enemies abready mentioned more than once in these 
p^es pretended to detect a fanciful resemblance to his master. 
Not in his outward person, for he was a raw-boned, haggard 
hone, always on a much shorter allowance of com than Mr. 
Pecksniff; but in his moral character, wherein, said they, he 
WM full of promise but of no performance. He was always, 
in A manner, going to go, and never going. When at his 
ilowest rate of travelling, he would sometimes lift up his legs 
to high, and display such mighty action, that it was difficult to 
believe he was doing less than fourteen miles an hour; and he 
was for ever so perfectly satisfied with his own speed, and so 
Httle disconcerted by opportunities of comparing himself with 
the fastest trotters, that the illusion was the more difficult of 
resistance. He was a kind of animal who infused into the 
breasts of strangers a lively sense of hope, and possessed all 
thooe who knew him better with a grim despair. In what 
respect, having these points of character, he might be fairly lik- 
ened to his master, that good man's slanderers only can explain. 
But it is a melancholy tnith, and a deplorable instance of the 
oncharitableness of the world, that they made the comparison. 

In this horse, and the hooded vehicle, whatever its proper 
name might be, to which he was usually harnessed — it was 
nuwe like a gig with a tumour than anything else — all Mr. 
mnch's thoughts and wishes centred, one bright frosty morning ; 
for with this gallant equipage he was about to drive to Salis- 
boiy alone, there to meet with the new pupil, and thence to 
him home in triumph. 

BlMsings on thy simple heart, Tom Pinch, how proudly 

6B ura ASTD AOfnmm or 

doit Uum taatUm up tlwl Mtntj eoali edbd bj a mI 
far then manj yetn « "graaf one; tiid liow ||iihiwhM| « 
with ihj cheerful Toice thou pleewntly a4iiiMi Smb Iht 
hosier "not to kt him go yet,*' dost thou believe tkel ^«ei- 
TUped deeiiee to gOp end would go it he ought! Who conU 
repieM e smile — uf love for theoi Tom Pinch, end not in j«l 
st thj expeniwi, for thou ert poor enough elieedy, lleewn 
knows — to think thet such e holiday ss lies befote Ihei^ 
should ewaken thet quick flow end huny of the spirit^ m 
which thou settest down sgein, almost unlssted, on the 
window-sill, thet graet white mug (put by, by thy 
h»t night, thet breekfast might nut hold thee lete), end liywl 
yonder crust upon the seet beside thee to bs eeleo im the 
when thou srt calmer in thy high rsjoietngi Who^ ee 
driveet off a happy maUt and noddes t with a gmlefal 
ness to Pecksniff in his nightcap at his chamber>window, 
not cry, "llt*avi*n wpeed thr«*, Tom, and spnd that thou wert 
going off f<ir i*v<*r to suiiii« (|iiirt hume wlwre thou mightst live 
at |N>sco, ukI iwirn*w HhiniM n«>t Uiuch tlirr!** 

Wlmt Im-IUt titiii* fur ilriving, ri<liii^ walkinf^ 
thnMi^h thf air fiy nny tiimxiis tlion a fn**h, fnaitr 
whfii h«>|M* niiiH rhi*«*rily thntti^h tlir rrinii with thr 
liloiid, sikI tin^'l«*H in th«* fmnii* fmni Iwail t<i fmit! Thi 
thr ylail r«»nini<*nr«*ni<*nt of n ItnuMii^ «Liy in rarly winter, 
an may |mt the* lAtiphd Hnnini«>r fwamm (Hprakinj; fif it wl^n g| 
ran't \m luwl) t^i thi* IiIunIi, and MhanK* th«f iipnng fiw bvng 
mmirtinieii r«ili| by Imlvm. Thr h)iiN*|>.f«*IU ruig m rlrarly m 
thr %ip>nmH nir lu* if thry fi'lt iu whith'^imr influ«*ncv like 
hvin^ rn'utiin-fi; th<* trr^s in hru uf l<«ATrii nt \Au 
u(»i»ii th«* ^n II I ml A fn«ity rim<* that Hiwrklni ah it fvlL 
might havr U^*n tlte (hiitt itf liiAnumdii — ihi it wba» ti* Tcsa. 
Fnitn ri*ttAp« rhimnryii liinokf* went utrparaing up high, lugK 
a* if thi« rmth hwl l«wt itn fn^iwnnei, l«*ing pi» fair, and mwiS 
mit In- lippr m iwid tnr liPAvy vapdiir. Tlir mii«t i4 ice (« t^ 
fdse rippling lci»ik wan im> tranf»|ian>nt, and no thin in 
that thr livrly wat«*r might; id iti« itwn frp«* will, haTr 
«-in T<im'* gUil minil it Iwl — Ui Imik ii|*>n thr lorvly 

Anil lr»t X\ip Pun »hini|fl liTrak thin charm tiio lag^wlf. 
mcivml lM'tw«H*n him anil Um* gT«»unti a mt»t like 

vhich Wail* ii|Hin thr nnHm on i»umiut*r nights — the very 

V Tom -» and wuu«d him to diaoolvc it gvutlr. 


Tom Pinch went on; not fast, but with a sense of rapid 
motion, which did just as well; and as he went, all kinds of 
things occurred to keep him happy. Thus when he came 
within aight of the turnpike, and was — oh, a long way off! — 
he saw the tollman's wife, who had that moment checked a 
wagon, run hack into the little house again like mad, to say 
(she knew) Uiat Mr. Pinch was coming up. And she was 
right, for when he drew within hail of the gate, forth rushed 
the tollman's children, shrieking in tiny chorus, " Mr. Pinch ! " 
— to Tom's intense delight. The very tollman, though an 
ugly chap in general, and one whom folks were rather shy of 
handling, came out himself to take the toll, and give him 
rough good morning: and that with all this, and a glimpse of 
the family Ix^akfast on a little round table before the fire, the 
cnuft Tom Pinch had brought away with him acquired as rich 
a flaToor as though it had been cut from ofif a fairy loaf. 

But there was more than this. It was not only the married 
people and the children who gave Tom Pinch a welcome as he 
pMBcd. No, no. Sparkling eyes and snowy breasts came 
hurriedly to many an upper casement as he clattered by, and 
gaTe him hack his greeting; not stinted either, but sevenfold, 
good measure. They were all merry — they all laughed. And 
9ome of the wickedest among them even kissed their hands as 
Tom looked back. For who minded poor Mr. Pinch ? There 
was no harm in him. 

And now the morning grew so fair, and all things were so 
wide awake and gay, that the sun seeming to say — Tom had 
no doubt he said, "I can't stand it any longer; I must have 
t look" — streamed out in radiant majesty. The mist, too 
shy and gentle for such lusty company, fled off, quite scared, 
before it; and as it swept away, the hills and mounds and 
distant pasture lands, teeming with placid sheep and noisy 
crows, came out as bright as though they were unrolled bran- 
new for the occasion. In compliment to which discovery, tlie 
brook stood still no longer, but ran briskly off to bear the 
tidings to the water-mill, three miles away. 

Mr. Pinch was jogging along, full of pleasant thoughts and 
dkeerfol influences, when he saw, upon the path before him, 
goiiig in the same direction with himself, a traveller on foot, 
lAo walked with a light, quick step, and sang as he went — 
for eeitain in a very loud voice, but not unmusically. He was 


a young fellow of aoaie fivo or ■ix-and-'twwily 
draaMsd in such a free end fly-ewey feehion ihel the lotiK cftdi d 
hie looee red neckcloth were ■treeming oal faebiiid hue ^«* 
ae often an before ; and the hunch of hrighl winter hrmM ■ 
the buttonhole of hie velveteen coat waa aa vipiUe k> Ml 
Pinch*e rearwaid obeervatiun, aa if he bed wc»ni thai 
wrong eide fon*moet. He continued to eing with ma 
energy that he iliii nctt hear tlm eimnd of wberb untU tl vn 
cloee behind him; whi*n he tumml a whimeioal fare and v«n 
merry pair uf blue eyva on Mr. IHnch» and cbecktvl htiiM 

"Why, Mark!" mid Tom Pinch ettypping, "wh»'d htvi 
thought of leeing yuu liemi Well, thie ie nurpriaiag! "* 

Mark touchml hiji hat, and mill, with a very euddrn 
of vivacity, that lie wan g«)ing U^ Haliiiliury. 

"And how iiprurv* y<m an*, tiMi!** naid Mr. I*inrh, 
him with ^rnut |il«*iiMtirf. ** Ucuilly I ditl n't think y«Ki «*r 
half itiirh a ti^lit-iuadi* ffllow, Murk!** 

"Thank.-.', Mr. I'lmli. I'r.ny wrll fnr tlwt, I >^:;*i- 
It 'rt iii>t my f.uilt, )nii kiiuw. With r^^^inl t.i Iruii* aic-^ ir 
•ir, '•* wlii'H* It !•*, yu M-**.'* And hi-n* hr l-tkM ;*: 
ticiihirlv k'l«">mY. 

"Wh.Tv wImI irtf** Mr. Tinrh •Ifm/in*!.'*!. 

"Wlit-rr th.« ii>:u'niv:iti«in uf it i-«. Any mnn may !■• in ?•* 
iipirit4« iin«l ^mmI tfiniN-r ulii-n li.- ')• wi*ll <lr«*wM«l. Thrnr k* 
muf*h fTttlit in If I w.iM v.-ry r:if:>;.'«I an* I v*-m- y V.y 
thi>n f oh'MiM U*;;!!! t'i f.-rl I li.i*l ^Mini<«l .1 |Miint, Mr. I'lr^h " 

**S' v«iu wiT»' Hiii^'iii); j!i«.t iinw, til )»Mr tijs AH It wrr», 
.i^.iiii-t Uiii^* Will ilr." I, .-h, M.trk t " -^ii-l Pinrli. 

•'^i.;r «-<iii\fr-^itii<ii '•* .ilw.i\H «t| ti» |irint, i»ir,*' f*»j«ia^; 
M.irk, with :i lir».i.| j;riii. "That w.v it.'* 

"W.ll!" I rn-l I'lii" h, "y.-u an* ih** t»tmn^»r*l y<i«£ni2 bu&« 
M irk. I t\*T kn>-w in my lift*. 1 .ilwa)^ tlftti^ht «». U:i r» « 

I i!!! 'I'lit rt.iiM of It. I am -^••wm t<>«)mr\. t*«i \\;« 

)••■! ^'^ I III I 1 -hill U- \rr\ i^l.i'l I'f \"*iT .*«>in|«n\.** 

Tl.'- \ ■m/ f«-H tw iiM'Ii- hi-t n< kifM)t*>l;:tn.-nt« uf\ M^rvt4«*: 


till- «'T!«r. •*t«-]>}<iiu* iiit<* thf i.irriik**' •hn'ftl), ainl wioiir^ 
)ii:i.-' if "tt lltf \i'r\ t'L'.' t'f thi- -t-tt uitli hi* 1»«1\ half ««ut 4 
It. \" • \;'ri -"• li:- *■ sri^; tln-r** •■i» •utf.'r.iipi-, an*l ^y tJ»r {•^:W' 
!if- i \Ir Pih- h. A-* tln'V unit ailing, thf r«>nTr] 
pr -it-^ix! .kft«-r thM mann«-r. 


^I more than half believed, just now, seeing you so very 
smart," said Pinch, "that you must be going to be married, 

"Well, sir, I 've thought of that, too," he replied "There 
might be some credit in being jolly with a wife, 'specially if 
the children had the measles and that, and was very fractious 
indeed. But I 'm a'most afraid to try it. I don't see my 
way clear." 

You 're not very fond of anybody, perhaps ? " said Pinch. 
Not particular, sir, I think." 

But the way would be, you know, Mark, according to 
jour views of things," said Mr. Pinch, "to marry somebody 
you didn't like, and who was very disagreeable." 

" So it would, sir, but that might be carrying out a principle 
a little too far, mightn't it? " 

"Perhaps it might," said Mr. Pinch. At which they both 
laughed gaily. 

"Lord bless you, sir," said Mark, "you don't half know 
me, though. I don't believe there ever was a man as could 
eome out so strong imder circumstances that would make other 
men miserable as I could, if I could only get a chance. But 
I can't get a chance. It 's my opinion that nobody never 
will know half of what 's in me, unless something very unex- 
pected turns up. And I don't see any prospect of that. I 'm 
a going to leave the Dragon, sir. " 

" Going to leave the Dragon ! " cried Mr. Pinch, looking at 
him with great astonishment. "Why, Mark, you take my 
breath away ! " 

"Yes, sir," he rejoined, looking straight before him and a 
long way off, as men do sometimes when tboy cogitate pro- 
foun<lly. "What 's the use of my stopping at the Dragon? 
It ain't at all the sort of place for me. When I left London 
(I 'm a Kentish man by birth, though), and took tliat sitiva- 
tion here, I quite made up my mind that it was the dullest 
little out-of-the-way corner in England, and that there would 
be some credit in being jolly under such circumstances. But, 
Lord, there 's no dulncss at the Dragon ! Skittles, cricket, 
quoits, nine-pins, comic songs, chonisses, company round the 
chimney comer every winter's evening — any man could be 
joUy at the Dragon. There 's no credit in that.^^ 

•*But if common report be true for once, Mark, as I think 


it is, being able to confinn it by what I know myself'' said 
Mr. Pinch, "you are the cause of half this merriment, andsefc 
it going." 

''There may be something in that, too^ sir," answered lfa& 
"But that 's no consolation." 

" Well ! " said Mr. Pinch, after a short silence, his UBoaDj 
subdued tone being even more subdued than ever. ''I en 
hardly think enough of what you tell me. Why, what irill 
become of Mrs. Lupin, Mark ? " 

Mark looked more iixedly before him, and further off sti]], 
as he answered that he did n't suppose it would be much of an 
object to her. There were plenty of smart young fellows » 
would be glad of the place. He knew a dozen himself. 

"That's probable enough," said Mr. Pinch, "but I am not 
at all sure that Mrs. Lupin would be glad of them. Why, I 
always supposed that Mrs. Lupin and you would make a match 
of it, Mark: and so did every one, as far as I know." 

"I never," Mark replied, in some confusion, "said nothing 
as was in a direct way courting-like to her, nor she to me, but 
I don't know what I might n't do one of these odd times, and 
what she mightn't say in answer. Well, sir, ^^f wouldn't 

"Not to be landlord of the Dragon, Mark?" cried Mr. 

"No, sir, certainly not," returned the other, withdrawing his 
gaze from the horizon, and looking at his fellow-traveller. 
"Why, that would be the ruin of a man like me. I go and 
sit down comfortably for life, and no man never finds me out 
What would be the credit of the landlord of the Dragon's 
being jolly] why, he couldn't help it, if he tried." 

"Does Mrs. Lupin know you are going to leave hert" Mr. 
Pinch inquired. 

"I haven't broke it to her yet, sir, but I must. I 'm lock- 
ing out this morning for something new and suitable," he said, 
nodding towards the city. 

" What kind of thing now ? " Mr. Pinch demanded. 

"I was thinking," Mark replied, "of something in the 
grave-digging way." 

" Good Gracious, Mark ! " cried Mr. Pinch. 

"It 's a good damp wormy sort of business, sir," said Mark) 
shaking his head argumentatively, "and there might be some 


credit in being jolly, with one's mind in that pursuit, unless 
gnve-diggers is usually given that way; which would be a 
drawback. You don't happen to know how that is, in general, 
do you, sir?" 

"No," said Mr. Pinch, "I don't indeed. I never thought 
upon the subject" 

" In case of that not turning out as well as one could wish, 
you know," said Mark, musing again, "there's other busi- 
nesses. Undertaking now. That 's gloomy. There might be 
credit to be gained there. A broker's man in a poor neigh- 
bourhood would n't be bad perhaps. A jailor sees a deal of 
misery. A doctor's man is in the very midst of murder. A 
bailiff's ain't a lively office nat' rally. Even a tax gatherer 
must find his feelings rather worked upon, at times. There 's 
loto of trades in which I should have an opportunity, I 

l^Ir. Pinch was so perfectly overwhelmed by these remarks 
that he could do nothing but occasionally exchange a word or 
two on some indifferent subject, and cast sidelong glances at 
the bright face of his odd friend (who seemed quite imconscious 
of his obeervation), until they reached a certain corner of the 
rood, dose upon the outskirts of the city, when Mark said he 
would jump down there, if he pleased. 

"But bless my soul, Mark," said Mr. Pinch, who in the 
progress of his obeervation just then made the discovery that 
the bosom of his companion's shirt was as much exposed as 
if it were midsummer, and was ruffled by every breath of air, 
"why don't you wear a waistcoat? " 

" What *s the good of one, sir ? " asked Mark. 
"(jood of onet" said Mr. Pinch. "Why, to keep your 
chest warm." 

"Lonl love you, sir!" criod Mark, "you don't know me. 
Mtf chent don't want no warming. Even if it did, what 
^ould no waistcoat bring it to? Inflammation of the lunj^js, 
perhaps? Well, there 'd be some credit in being jolly, with 
an inflammation of the lungs. " 

At Mr. Pinch returned no other answer tlian such as was 
ttWTeyed in his drawing his breath very hard, and opening hia 
«y« very wide, and nodding his head very much, Mark 
^kinked him for his ride, and without trouliling him to stop, 
Ji^ped lightly down. And away he fluttered, with his red 


upi AND ADviyruBtt or 

neckerchiel^ and hi* open onai, down a rtfi law: tar 
back from lima to time to nod to Mr. I^inch, and lookiaK 
of the moat careloMi f(ood- humoured, oomieal fellovi la 
llu late comiHUiiun, with a thiHightful face, purviaed hi* 
to SaliJibury. 

Mr. I'inch hail a iihrewd notion that Saliahnry wa» a 
deaperate lort of place, an exceeiling wild and diMifvled < 
and when h<* ha«l put up the htine, and given tlw hualt 
uwlemtand tliat he wimld Imik in again in the oimuw a 
h«>ur or two Ui we him take hin nim, he art f«irth tm a i 
aUmt the Htn*«*U with a vague au<l not un|ileaMnt id« 
tliey teem««l with all kiniU c»f myntrry ami liedevilnipaL 
one of hia i|ui«*t liahiU thia littli* ilflunion ww givatly wm 
by the circumatanco of iU Wing iuarket-«lay, and tlie thotv 
farea aU»ut the marki*t- place lieing tilled with oarta^ hi 
dimkoyis ImikvU, wagmiii, ganlni i^tufT, moat, tri|v, pie«, ] 
try, aiul liurkMrrM* wun*H of rvi*ry opinMiU* dnMn|4uia 
|HiH«ii)il«* varit^ty nf chann'tiT. Thi*ii tlifrv* wrff* Vfiint; fai 
aiul tiM fariiit'rs with ^lIli•^k fr<Nkrt, tiniuti ^*r«'.it-<'>«u« 
griMt-r«Mt-, ri*«l wor»«t«-il riiiiif«irt«-r's N-allpr l«VK'»»»#r», « r*-! 
iih;ii«««l«, liiiiitiii^'-i%hi)M, mill nm^'li Ntirk% i>t.iiflii^; j 
in ^ri>u|>« **r talking' ii<>i-ily t«>^'«'tliiT ••n iIm* t.t\ini •U:* 
|tayiii^' iiii<l r«*<*i-i%iii^' hMK*** uinouiit- of ^'n-ii^y i«<.alth. «:t 

l|Miir*t.llH*i' nf Mli'h tiillk> |>"-ki*t-taHikn tliat «l htll X)i»\ « •- 

thnir iHM-kvtjt it U.UI !i)ii>)>tf\y t«» ^t tli«'iii «>iit, mvI m\,ru 
Wf'r«* <*tit it w.u( fi|kk«iii'* t«i ^'i-t th«-tu 111 a^Miii. Al»> 
wi»r»' f;iriii«'rH' wivi'« in Umvit )>>iiiii*ti* iiii<l n**! <I'ak«« r 
f*h.iCKy Ip^r-f* i*ur;;**<l "f aW •-art hi y |iiiM*i|>iii% «h*i «• nt ^ 
iiit«i .ill tii.iiiii*-r ff ]<l.ii-«'N utt)i«iMt •Ir-inii); t«> kii'-ia why 
wtiii, if rf|'iip-«l, u>>mM lia\** Nt<»«l "t^H-k xtill in a rhio*- 
with II •'••rh)>I' t«' •liiini-r-r^<T% !•'•* .it i-.u h hi*<>f Al^* a 
ni.iity «l•v^ ^h" H«-ri> Mrnn^lv iiitir«-t«-«l in thr •VmW • 
ni.irki-t .iMil till* Kir.'iiii* •>{ thi-ir ni.i«t«-r« , iin«l a ^n-at O'nf 

• •f tt>npi<"-, U'th hr*it«- .Up) 

Mr. l*iri«li PiKMr-l'-l rvi-rxtliink* •■\j-»»«''l f^r •*!•• with 

• i* iijht. Ill 1 u ii )'i:tirut.irl\ ••tnirk )•> tlu' itin«'rant r*- 

«hi)i li n«p|ir»-l ■•{ !h»' \iry kt-^-ii'-^t kiitil. lu^-'HiU'-^ 

).*■ |t iT' }. i-t'l .1 ]-« k> t-kiiifi* uit!t M'\tii M.i<)r« in It, an- 
4 'it >.io hf .ift« I'M ir«l- fxMii'l o'lti aiiii'iih* tlii*m. Wb« 
li t.l I \). i-i-tfil tK«* :u.irkct pl.ii f. .ii)<l «i.tti)H'«i xUr fam^rr 
xui' till' nurkit tlinnt'f, Uv wmt Im k t«» h^^k aftrr th* I 


HaTing seen him eat unto his heart's content, he issued forth 
again, to wander round the town and regale himself with the 
shop windows ; previously taking a long stare at the bank, and 
wondering in what direction underground the caverns might 
be where they kept the money; and turning to look back at 
one or two young men who passed him, whom he knew to be 
articled to solicitors in the town; and who had a sort of fearful 
interest in his eyes, as jolly dogs who knew a thing or two, 
and kept it up tremendously. 

Bat the shops. First of all, there were the jewellers' 
shops, with all the treasures of the earth displayed therein, 
and such large silver watches hanging up in every pane of 
^asB, that if they were anything but first-rate goers it certainly 
was not because the works could decently complain of want of 
room. In good sooth they were big enough, and perhaps, as 
the saying is, ugly enough, to be the most correct of all 
mechanical performers — in Mr. Pinch's eyes, however, they 
were smaller than Greneva ware; and when he saw one very 
bloated watch announced as a repeater, gifted with the uncom- 
mon power of striking every quarter of an hour inside the 
pocket of its happy owner, he almost wished that he were rich 
enough to buy it. 

But what were even gold and silver, precious stones and 
clockwork, to the bookshops, whence a pleasant smell of paper 
freshly pressed came issuing forth, awakening instant recollec- 
tions of some new grammar had at school, long time ago, with 
"Master Pinch, Grove House Academy," inscribed in faultless 
writing on the fly-leaf! That whiff of russia leather, too, and 
all those rows on rows of volumes, neatly ranged within — 
what liappiness did they suggest! And in the window were 
the spick-and-span new works from London, with the title- 
pages, and sometimes even the first page of the first chapter, 
laid wide open; tempting unwary men to begin to read the 
book, and then, in the impossibility of turning over, to rush 
blindly in and buy it! Here too were the dainty frontispiece 
and trim vignette, pointing like hand-posts on the outskirts of 
great cities to the rich stock of incident Ijeyond ; and store of 
bookfly with many a grave portrait and time-honoured name, 
whose matter he knew well, and would have given mines to 
kftTe, in any form, upon the narrow shelf beside his bed at Mr. 
Tiedmiiff's. What a heart-breaking shop it was ! 


Then wai anottieri not quite to hid at tist, hit itil • 
tiying ahom where children '• hooka were aolil, and whei* par 
BoWnaoB Cruaoe atood alone in hia night, with dog mi 
hatchet, goat*akin cap and fowling-pieoM ; calmly a nw ay m 
Philip QnaiU and the hoet of imitalora round hia. and odlif 
Mr. Pinch to witneae that he, of all the crowd, inpteand Mt 
aolitaiy foot-print on the iihore of hoyiah nenwey. wherMi tht 
tread of generationa nhould not etir the lii^teet grain cif ■■! 
And there Um wen) thif IVmian Uleai with flying chert i^ mi 
atodenta of enchanUnl books ahut up for yean in earerae: mi 
there too wm Abudah, the merchant, with the terrible Imb 
old woman hoblding cmt of the box in hia be d room ; and tkMt 
the mi|^ty talisman -^ the ran Arabian Nighta -^ with Ci 
Raba. ^vided by four, like the ghoat of a drradful 
ing np^ all gory, in the mblien' cave. ^\liich 
den. coming fast on Mr. Pinch's mind, did ao nth up 
that wand«*rful lani|i within him, that when he turned bis lasi 
tinrards the tnmy htn*«'t, a rniwtl <if |»liant4«M waitrtl <^ km 
pleosurr, iiiui hf livnl ii^'aiii, with ii«*w di'li^ht, thr \im\\*} di«-« 
liffiin* th«* I'tM'ki-iiiir rr.i. 

He ha<l h*!u iitt««n"<t ii«»w in thi' rht*nii«tji* iih«>ps with thrtr 
gn*at );l<iwiii^ U«ttlt-4 (with NinalliT n'|»i-it«Tiii» **i Ici^ht&rw a 
thi'ir wry iit«i|>|M*r>»i; ninl in tht^ir s^'r»iM)4«* n»ni|»n*m:M ^ 
twr<»n niiHlirino ami |H>rfuiniTT, in th«' i«ha|«r of t««>tK»iW 
loc««ngfw ainl viiyin horn* v. Nritht*r )iA«i hr th«* l«*a»t r^ictri 
(but he ni'ver ha*l niurhi f**T thr tailum*, vihrrr tli^ twv«ril 
m4'tro|»ilitjin |Mttvrnii wm* haiipn^ xi\\ which N 
iMinii* Ktr.inv;<*<tfiinniiti«<n alwavn h>«>kcNl amxrin^ tbrrp« and 
n«'Vrr ;ip{«'.in*«i at all hki* thr nam*' thine anywhrrp rW 1^ 
h<* ft>i|»|H'i| t" r«'a*l th*« {i|.i>Kill at th«* th«*ntn*, an«l ^urvMM tW 
«|i>irM.ty with .1 kih>l Mf iiui*. whirli w.m nnt iIitnuiulK**! wb#m s 
sallow i^i-ntli-niiin with 1 -iiu' «lirk h.iir rami* <«iit« anil l«4il a lv« 
ti» nil )i<*nif t<» liM l<"Li:tk'" -iii^i hrin^ d*iwn hi* tvii^lawotd 
Mr. riri'*)i -t'^Ml r»>t«- 1 t<> thi* '»\»*i <>n )i«-jrini; this ai^l mickt 
havf •'t'-»t lhfn> Mntil «l.irk. hut th*it tlif ««M rath«Nlrml brU be* 
^*ui t<t riiiK* i"r Vf-)>>r iu*rvii*<\ nn whi<-h )i«* t^in* him<^lf away. 

N'ow, t}if ••r.Miii*t'« A^«<i*t«ittt w.i« a frimd of Mr. I*inrh\ 
whirh «.L« .1 ^'""l thili^. f'T hi' t<»> w .i« a TrfT <|Uirt, |:«-ntl» 

soul, an<l hj'I )>^'n, lik«- T'lii, a kititl of ••M-fajibii»Dr«l K«t at 
achool, thiiu^h Wfll lik«<«l by t)i«* hi-!-y f«-ll>«ii l-m. A* c^^^l 
Inck Would have it (Ti>m alway* mikI hr hid gnret gu^l Inrk) 


;he assistant chanoed that very afternoon to be on duty by him- 
lel^ with no one in the dusty organ-loft but Tom: so while he 
)layed Tom helped him with the stops; and finally, the service 
ning just over, Tom took the organ himself. It was then tuni- 
ng dark, and the yellow light that streamed in through the 
incient windows in the choir was mingled with a murky red. 
Lb the grand tones resounded through the church, they seemed, 
o Tom, to find an echo in the depth of every^ ancient tomb^ no 
ess than in the deep mystery of his own heart. Great thoughts 
ind hopes came crowding on his mind as the rich music rolled 
ipon the air, and yet among them — something more grave and 
solemn in their purpose, but the same — were all the images of 
that day, down to its very lightest recollection of childhood. 
The feeling that the sounds awakened, in the moment of their 
existence, seemed to include his whole life and being; and as 
the surrounding realities of stone and wood and glass grew dim- 
mer in the darkness, these visions grew so much the brighter 
that Tom might have forgotten the new pupil and the expectant 
master, and have sat there pouring out his grateful heart till 
midnight, but for a very earthy old verger insisting on locking up 
the cathedral forthwith. So he took leave of his friend, with 
many thanks, groped his way out, as well as he could, into 
the now lamp-lighted streets, and hurried ofif to get his dinner. 
All the farmers being by this time jogging homewards, there 
was nobody in the sanded parlour of the tavern where he had 
left the horse ; so he had his little table drawn out close before 
the fire, and fell to work upon a well- cooked steak and smoking 
hot potatoes, with a strong appreciation of their excellence and 
a very keen sense of enjoyment. Beside him, too, there stood 
a jug of most stupendous Wiltshire beer; and the efi'ect of the 
vhole was so transcendent, that he was obliged every now and 
then to lay down his knife and fork, rub his hands, and think 
about it. By the time the cheese and celery came, Mr. Pinch 
had taken a book out of his pocket, and could afford to trifle 
^th the viands ; now eating a little, now drinking a little, now 
^^ading a little, and now stopping to wonder what sort of a 
.^ouDg man the new pupil would turn out to be. He had 
passed from this latter theme and was deep in his book again, 
when the door opened, and another guest came in, bringing with 
bim such a quantity of cold air that he positively seemed at 
first to put the fire out. 


**V€Tj hard frort Uviug}ii» rir."* «ud Um 
nuly aduowledgiiig Mr. Pinch's witbdnwal of tks littk Ulit 
that he might h»Te pUoe. *' Don't disturb yoaiwlt I htg,* 

Though he said this with a raat amount ol m widmliia fat 
Mr. Pinch's comfort^ he dragged one of the great bathrr-bo^ 
toned chaifB to the rery centre of the hearth. Dolwithslaadim; 
and sat down in fnmt of the fire, with a foot on eadi hok 

''My feet are quite numbed. Ah! Ritter cold, to be ■an* 

*'You have br<«n in the air some consideiaUe timep 1 
My t "* said Mr. Pinch. 

''AU day. C>iUide a onach, toa** 

**That accaunU for his making the mon so enol,** 
Mr. Pinch. " Poor fellow ! How thutou^y chUled he ■«! 

The stranger became thoughtful, likewise, and sat for let « 
ten minut«v liMiking at the fire in silenee. At length he nm 
ami diveMtiMl himM*lf of bin nbswl and grpat-c«ttt, whirh (far 
diffen'iit fr«*m Mr. PiiirhV) wan a vrry warm anil thick <«t. 
lait Im* wait iti>t n wliit riKin* <*nnviTHati«>iiAl *mX nf hifi ^^rr^X-rt^ 
than in it, f<ir h«- Kit il*iwn u^'nin in thf* namt* yLu-n- un\ UU- 
tu(l<\ an<l l«Mnin^ tm-k in )ii^ rh.iir, )"-(;an t«t )*iti' hi« 
||i» WAM yi>tin>; — Miii-.:iii.|.twi-nty, |>-rha|M — anil haniti 
with a ktN'n iLirk «'%••, iin<l u f|iiirkn*-*ii of l«>ik ainl mannrf 
whirh matli* T«>in M-tiNilili* nf n ^T«Mt riiiitnuit in hi« nvn l*-ann|^ 
an«l rau«t«fl him t«i ffl i*vi-n nH>r«' nhv than umiaL 

Tlit'D* w.-ifc n rhtfk in th«' r«i«ini. whirh thr *tranc**r *4Wm 
tunnel til liMik at. T'-ni ni.vli' fn-«|tifnt n^frirnre U* il al«r. 
|».'irtly fr<>ni :t mTxmm hyni]Mtliy utth itn tantnm n»oi|iaiii'^ 
.in<l i^rtly Ib'c.iiim* th«' n*-w |iii|iil Wii« X** in«|tiin* ftT him at half 
.'ifttT -i\, .inl thf liiiiiU wrn* );<'ttiii^* ^n t«i«anU that h*«r 
\Vh«-iMVir th«' -trihp-r r.m^Oit him h«>kin^ at thi* rh«-k, a ku^ 
i.f r.>itf-:<]>-n f-.intf u{**'n T"iii n-* if hf lia«i frrn f«Kitiil i"ul a 
-rrifMiitu' . .m'l it u.^* .t )« r«-f|it!<>n •! hin unra»ii»r«« whKk 
• iMM-.I th«- y'.«:n;;«'r mm t-* •«iy, )Hrh.i)>«, with a »milr — 

"\\\- ).>th ;i{>)« ir !•• )•■ rith«r |Kirlirtilar aUnit thr time. 
I'}.' ft- 1 1-, I }i i\t' .III • t.p.' i»'> iif nt t*i ni<*«>t a grntlrman hcnL** 
•S- hi-..- !.'■ -isl Mr ViU'h, 

" \! 1. ilf ;»»-! -i\," ".vA th» "•tr.inj:«T. 

"At }. i!f i-i-t •>i\, " o.!!*! T Ml in tho xrrr «ame lavaAk; 
i«h«i«'i;- M \\.t' •■!}•• r 1 • k* •! »t hini «iith Mimr vnrpnar. 

"T)*'' y. '111^ ^-«-ntli n;.in I •i}"-it/' n*markrd Totn liaidly. 


*'wa8 to inquire at thai time for a person by the name of 

"Dear me!" cried the other, jumping up. ''And I have 
been keeping the fire from you aJl this while ! I had no idea 
you were Mr. Pinch. I am the Mr. Martin for whom you 
were to inquire. Pray excuse me. How do you do? Oh, 
do draw nearer, pray ! " 

''Thank you," said Tom, 'Hhank you. I am not at all 
ocdd, and you are; and we have a cold ride before us. Well, 
if you wish it, I wilL I — I am very glad, " said Tom, smil- 
ing with an embarrassed frankness peculiarly his, and which 
was as plainly a confession of his own imperfections, and an 
appeal to the kindness of the person he addressed, as if he had 
drawn one up in simple language and committed it to paper; 
''I am very glad indeed that you turn out to be the party I 
expected. I was thinking, but a minute ago, that I could 
wish him to be like you." 

''I am very glad to hear it," returned Martin, shaking hands 
with him again ; '* for I assiure you, I was thinking there could 
be no such luck as Mr. Pinch's turning out like you," 

"No, really!" said Tom, with great pleasure. "Are you 
•eriooaf " 

" Upon my word I am, " replied his new acquaintance. " You 
and I will get on excellently well, I know: which it's no 
small relief to me to feel, for to tell you the truth, I am not 
at all the sort of fellow who could get on with everybody, and 
that 'a the point on which I had the greatest doubts. But 
they 're quite relieved now. Do me the favour to ring the 
bell, wUl you ? " 

>Ir. Pinch rose, and complied with great alacrity — the 
handle hung just over Martin's head, as he wanned himself — 
and listened with a smiling face to what his friend went on to 
aay. It was : — 

"If you like punch, you Ml allow me to order a glass apiece, 
■• hot as it can be made, that we may usher in our friendsliip 
ill a becoming manner. To let you into a secret, Mr. Pinch, 
I never was so much in want of something warm and cheering 
in my life ; but I did n't like to run the chance of being found 
drinking it, without knowing what kind of person you were ; 
lor fint impressions, you know, often go a long way, and last 
along time." 


Mr. Pinch iwentad, and the pmich wm 
eoune it cunei hot and atron^ After drinking lo 
in the ateaming mixtiin, thay beeama qntte eonfidaotaaL 

**I 'm a aort of ralation of PteluBiff*a| yoa kaov," ail tht 
young man. 

•" Indeed !** cried Mr. Pinch. 

"Yea. My grandfather ia hia cooain, ao ha 'a kith anl ka 
to me^ aomehow, if you can make that out / oan'L** 

*'Then Martin ia your Chriatian namef* aaid Mr. PbA 
thon^tfully. "Ohl» 

«'0f courae it ia," returned hia friend: **1 wbh it vmaf 
aumame, for my own ia not a Tery pretty one. and it tahm • 
long time to aign. Chunlewit ia my nauM." 

**DBar me! ** cried Mr. Pinch, with an involuataiy alail 

**You're not aurpriaed at my having two namea, 1 ea^ 
poael " returned the other, setting hia ghMa to hia Upa. "Mai 
prople havp." 

*M)h n«s" Miiil Mr. I*inch« "nf4 at alL Oh dw » ' 
\Vi*ll!** An«l thrti ri*m«*iiiU'riii(« that Mr. Prrkaniir h*l ^- 
v:it«*ly cant i< •lift I him ti> nay ii«»thitif; in rvfrrrncr ti t^»>- il 
f(»*iitlrmiui i*f th<* Minic tminr whu lunl Lulp-*! At ttir l¥«ce; 
Imt to ri-««TVi* iill ini'iitioit of tluit |H*r«tn r*r him, \ir }^i »» 
lM"tt«*r inranH *4 hi«liti>; hin ntiifiiiiiiin than )<y mifiin^ Y»u v^ 
^laiMi t4i hift ni'iiith. T)ify l<Hik*<il at vnrh Mthft ««%t «'( l':^nx 
Tr*\mH*ii\'v tuiiihliTN fnr u f«*w iu*<:iiiuU, an<l thrn put thrm •Lw 

** I tiiM thi'tn in th** lit^itiln to }m rradr f>r un t«*n I!ix:Im 


•'H:**/* Mii'l Mr. riiirh, gl.inrin^ at th<* chick again. "Shall «« 


**If V'tn ph'*t-*\" n-tuniiMl th*- i»th<»r. 

"\V..ul.i \'m hkr to.lriv?" k:ii.1 Mr. Pinrh, hi* wh<«> Im 
U'arniiv' ^ith :i r«'n'«ri<iti-n«*->« **i tlir ii|il<*n<i«>iir <»( his «^rf 

" y.-i *h.iii, if y«Mi wi*i»." 

"Why. .h'l-n.U. Mr. I'lnrli,'* i^xA Mtrtm Iw^-hia^ 
"uj*«n w)iit -Tt I'f h"r^» y"ti havr. ]UN-aii««« if Kt- '• a Ski 
"ti-. I M..<il<l*r ki-i']> my<U varm hy lii>Min«; tiva 
• finf'-rt i^Iv tit mv i;r»Mt-«'it |""k«t*. " 

lit i;>{-ir-<) t'l think thi4 ii'irli a ^*-«I j<>kt*, ttul Mr. Pm^h 
w.i* .| :\U' "'irf it nriwt U- a r.i|iiUil nn**. .\minlirij:!«-, h« 
Uii^'h«^l !•->. aii'l WAf* fullv |M-r«n.i<h*il lltat hi* rnj*<>«^l it \rrj 
much. Tlu-u ht: M'ttlcd hu hill, aii«i Mr. Chuuivwu paid %iM 

G ^■'«■r.T f r A-,:- ■_ -. ^ 


the punch; and having wrapped themselves up, to the extent 
ol their respective means, they went out together to the front 
door, where Mr. Pecksniff's property stopped the way. 

^^I won't drive, thank you, Mr. Pinch, ^' said Martin, 
getting into the sitter's place. "By the bye, there's a box 
of mine. Can we manage to take it 1 " 

" Oh, certainly, " said Tom. " Put it in, Dick, anywhere ! " 
It was not precisely of that convenient size which would 
admit of its being squeezed into any odd comer, but Dick the 
hoistler got it in somehow, and Mr. Chuzzlewit helped him. 
It was all on Mr. Pinch's side, and Mr. Chuzzlewit said he 
was very much afraid it would encumber him; to which Tom 
said, " Not at all ; " though it forced him into such an awkward 
position, that he had much ado to see anything but his own 
knees. But it is an ill wind that blows nobody any good, and 
the wisdom of the saying was verified in this instance ; for the 
cold air came from Mr. Pinch's side of the carriage, and by 
interposing a perfect wall of box and man between it and the 
new pupil, he shielded that young gentleman effectually, — 
which was a great comfort 

It was a clear evening, with a bright moon. The whole 
landscape was silvered by its light and by the hoar-frost, and 
everything looked exquisitely beautifuL At first the great 
serenity and peace through which they travelled disposed them 
both to silence; but in a very short time the punch within 
them and the healthful air without made them loquacious, and 
th<»y talked incessantly. "VNTien they were half-way home, and 
stopped to give the horse some -water, Martin (who was very 
gfneruus with his money) ordered another glass of punch, 
which they drank between them, and which had not the effect 
of making them less conversational than before. Their prin- 
cipal topic of discourse was naturally Mr. Pecksniff and his 
Lmiily ; of whom, and of the great obligations they had heaped 
upon him, Tom Pinch, with the tears standing in his eyes, 
drew such a picture as would have inclined any one of common 
feeling almost to revere them: and of which Mr. Pecksniff had 
not the slightest foresight or preconceived idea, or he certainly 
(being very humble) would not have sent Tom Pinch to bring 
the pupil home. 

In this way they went on, and on, and on — in the language 
of the story-books — until at last the village lights appeared 
▼ou I, 


befcm theniv and the chtuth apire eait a hog wladioa <a iht 
gnT»-yud graMi — m if it were a dial (alati the tcoHi la 
the world!) marking whatever light ahoae out of HeaTv«, ih» 
flight of daji and weeka and jearni by •omm new ahaduv m 
that aolema ground. 

"A pietty church!*' naid Martin, o!«ervii« that hie «». 
panion alaekened the alack pace of the htnee, m thrr a^ 

**U it nntf* cried Ti^m, with gmU pride. "Thn«>'t ih» 
aweeteat little organ there you ever heard. I pUy it ki 

" Indeed t ** naid Martin. " It ia haidly worth the tmuU^ 
I ahoukl think. \Mut «lo you get for that, now f ** 

** Nothing,** amwennl Ti>ni. 

^^ Weill'* returnetl hie friend, "you art a very atfuage M- 
low ! " 

To whirh n^miirk X}wr** wirfwil«l % lirirf Hil^nrr. 

"Whffi I Kiy iMthiii^'.*' film*rv<-«l Mr. I'liifh rhr^rfullf, "I 
am wMti^. .III! I <l>iti't ■*.!>' wh:it I iiicAit, U*<*ati«f* | ^-i « jrr*t of |iltM<«iir«* froiM it, .iti'l th«* tiifaiit «>f |kaiw»iii^ wrti'* • f lh» 
lui]i|ii«-**t hour. I kiMW. It If-«l ti> ««imfthiii^ t-lM* ih*- ••th«-r «iAi 
-^ Inii vou uill ii<it ran- to hrar uUmt, I ilm* «sa\ T" 

"0^|"y.•^ I pilmll. WiMtl" 

"It l«| to my MN'iiii*," iwii*! Tom, in n l-»w«'r v.-irr, ".iik *4 

th<* l«iVf|i«'»t .llpl mo^t lii'.lUtlfill fariw \«>U ('All U*%.«lMy I>l''tUT* 

t4» vi»unM«If.*' 

** Anil y«'t I am nhlf ti> |iiftiin* a U'4iitif<il our," «ai.| K:« 
friwi'l th<'it;:htfullv. "or i*tii*uli U* if | h.i\»* miv m« iii'Tt " 

"Slif •iiin', '* -ii.| Totn, l.iyiit;; hi* hitii<l nj*«n ihr othrf't 
anii. **f-.r thi- hr-t tiiu*-, \»ry •■arly in ih** morning:, wh^n it 
w.t- hifillv h^'ht . .in<l wh.-n I Kiw hi-r. nv.r niv •ht<ali|pv. 
r>t.iriliTi^' ju^t utiliin th<- i->rrh, I tMrn*-*! (|tiiti* r.iM, a!8»«t 
Ultiviii/ h« r to !•• .1 -pint. A ni'iin*-nt'« M*rtfvti"n ^< tlw 
l«-tt«r "f th.kt of i..-ir««', ;in'l f>'rt<«ly it carar t«) my r^bil 
».• -H.n, thit I ili-i III l.-.ivi- ]ili>iii^.'* 

•'\Vh\ f-.r!i!nl.U ?•• 

•' \\ }i> ? |U-«.i-i-«' -hi* ht'-al tht-n*, littrninj*. I h»l mi 
»]MNt.i< )•- . :i. iii'l ».iw h»r thn'iu'h th«- rhuiku in thr rurlun* 
a« pLiiiily I- I -•• \.>i. uikI "hi u L« U lutifMl Aftrr a «KiW 
fthr i;li>h-<l i'lf, ainl | oiiitiniitHl ti^ pljy until sIm* «m ivl ttf 
hrariiii;. " 


"Why did you do tkatl " 

"Don't you seef responded Tom. "Because she mi^t 
sappoee I hadn't seen her, and might return.^' 


"Certainly she did. Next morning, and next evening too, 
but always when there were no people about, and always alone. 
I rose earlier and sat there later, that when she came, she 
might find the church door open, and the organ playing, and 
might not be disappointed. She strolled that way for some 
days, and always stayed to listen. But she is gone now, and 
of all unlikely things in this wide world, it is perhaps the 
most improbable that I shall ever look upon her face again." 

"You don't know anything more about hert " 

And you never followed her when she went away?" 
Why should I distress her by doing that?" said Tom 
Pinch. "Is it likely that she wanted my company? She 
came to hear the organ, not to see me;* and would you have 
bad me scare her from a place she seemed to grow quite fond 
of? Now, Heaven bless her!" cried Tom, "to have given her 
Ijut a minute's pleasure every day, I would have gone on play- 
ing the organ at those times until I was an old man: quite 
contented if she sometimes thought of a poor fellow like me, 
as a part of the music, and more than recompensed if she ever 
mixed me up with anything she liked as well as she liked 

The new pupil was clearly very much amazed by Mr. 
Pinch's weakness, and would probably have told him so and 
given him some good advice, but for their opportune arrival at 
Mr. Pecksniff's door: the front door this time, on account of 
the occasion being one of ceremony and rejoicing. Tlie same 
man was in waiting for the horse who had been ad^jured by 
Mr. Pinch in the morning not to yield to his rabid desire to 
ftart; and after delivering the animal into his charge, and 
^Mieeching Mr. Chuzzlewit in a whisper never to reveal a 
■yUable of wbat he had just told him in tlie fulness of his 
htutf Tom led the pupil in, for instant presentation. 

Mr. Pecksniff had clearly not expected them for hours to 
eone; for he was surrounded by open books, and was glancing 
faoB Tolume to volume, with a black lead pencil in his mouth, 
aod a pair of comjmsses in his hand, at a vast number of 


LIFI AMD ADTimnai ov 

fluiUieRuitiad diagnnifli of such extnofdiaaqr alHiptt Ihfll Ikif 
loolMd like dengiu fur firaworiu. NeitW hid Mm Cbvilj 
expected them, for the wee buaiedt with e mpmdmm wicfar 
fauket before her, in niAking impnctiaiUe ni^toipe far ih» 
poor. Neither hivl Mim Mercy ezpecl«d th«, loir eke wm 
■itting upon hfr atoul, tying on the — oh, good gmeioas!'— iht 
pettiooet of a Urge dull that ehe wee driwring lor • nmgthhwir'i 
child, — really quitu • gruwn-up dull, which mmlm il mam 
oonf using; end had ita little bcmnrt dangling by the nhlaa 
from one of her fair ettrU, to which ahe had taalcapd il, hrit 
it ahould be lust or Mt upon. It would ha dtAodt* if not 
impoadble, to ainoeive a family eo thoroughly taken bgr entpnM 
aa the Peck^nifTii were on thia ^*TnrinL 

"BleM my life!" aaid Mr. PeckanilT, looking um and ^ai- 
ually exchanging hia abatractnl faee for one of joyful n«a|^i- 
tiun. " Hf n* aln«ily ! Martin, my dear Imy, I am drlighlfd 
to wi*I(*umi* yuii to my |MMir Iwniae!** 

With thill kiii«l K^^'^'tiii^, Mr. IWkiiiiitr fairly tiHik kia l> 
hiH nriiiH, uikI ii.ittttl him wvrnil tiiiicn ii|mi|i thr )«rk «ilh Ui* 
h^ht hiin«l th«* whilf, im if to «*\|ir«*Mt tluit hm frrliii^ 'Kr::^ 
the «*iiihri4v wi-n* ton murh fi>r uttriuiici*. 

"Hut h»*n%" hf Mi«l ft^'Vi-riii^;, "uiv my ilaii^htrn^ MAr*.;£ 
niv two milv f'hil>ln*ii, Hhom Mf v«»u fvrr mw th«*iui v«iu \u%* 
not U*h<*lil-^ah, th«*M' ^a*! fuiiiilv diviMoiut! — Miiri* tt'u «r."v 
infoiitf* ti>^i'th«-r Nay, my ilfum, wliy hhi**h at la-in^ drtrcir^i 
in y»»iir ••ViTV-«Uy |iiir-uit*? \V«' \uu\ |ir«>|un't| i** ^n*** }•«: ti>r 
riMi'ption of A vi^itor, Martiit, in our htth* r«">m of •l4tr, " aAji 
Mr. IV'kMiitr MuihnK', *Miiit I hk«* thiji U-ttcr — I hkr tkt* 

oh >.h-»-il -tar of Iniiori'nff*, wh^r^-vrr y^ui may br» K^e 
ili*l \oii ^lilt«T in \i>'ir h<*m«* of rthi'r, hIh-u thf t«o Mat 
lV*rkMiitr« |>iit forth «'.ii h h<T lily luntl, aikI p^vr thr tmm^^ 
with iiiAntlin^ rhi-«-k% to Martin! llow ili>l )oii tvmkW, m 
if tlutlrfin); with Hvm|Kithv, wh^n M*'rry, r«-min<li«l of xht 
buiinrt in lif*r hair. hi>! hrr fur fmv oikI tunir^l hrr l»r«il Mti* 
the while* hrr p'nth* ni-trr phirk***! it out, aihI !«ni«4«* hrr, with 
^aiater'* poft r«*phH>f, n|ion h«*r )itik<iiii iihi*iiMt*r! 

how,** Mi*l Mr. re--krtnitf. turning n*un«l aftrr thr 

uf thriH* |iiiM«ap-ii. All* I taking Mr. l^lKh IB ft 

te mannrr kiy thr rlUiw, **liow ha* our frirnd hrnr uanl 


" Very well indeed, sir. We are on the best tenns, I assure 

**01d Tom Pinch!" said Mr. Pecksniff, looking on him 
with affectionate sadness. " Ahl It seems but yesterday that 
Thomas was a boy, fresh from a scholastic course. Yet years 
hare passed, I think, since Thomas Pinch and I first walked 
the world together! " 

Mr. Pinch could say nothing. He was too much moved. 
But he pressed his master's hand, and tried to thank him. 

'^And Thomas Pinch and I," said Mr. Pecksniff, in a deeper 
voice, ** will walk it yet, in mutual faithfulness and friendship ! 
And if it comes to pass that either of us be run over, in any 
of those busy crossings which divide the streets of life, the 
other will convey him to the hospital in Hope, and sit beside 
his bed in Bounty ! 

** Well, well, well ! " he added in a happier tone, as he shook 
3dr. Pinch's elbow, hard. '*No more of this! Martin, my 
dear friend, that you may be at home within these walls, let 
me show you how we live and where. Come ! " 

With that he took up a lighted candle, and, attended by his 
young relative, prepared to leave the room. At the door, he 

" You '11 bear us company, Tom Pinch ? " 

Ay, cheerfully, though it had been to death, would Tom 
have followed him ; glad to lay down his life for such a man ! 

"This," said Mr. Pecksniff, opening the door of an opposite 
parlour, " is the little room of state I mentioned to you. My 
girls have pride in it. Martini This," opening another door, 
"is the little chamber in which my works (slight things at 
best) have been concocted. Portrait of myself by Spiller. 
Bust by Spoker. The latter is considered a good likeness. I 
seem to recognise something about the left-hand comer of the 
nose, myself." 

Martin thought it was very like, but scarcely intellectual 
e&ough. Mr. Pecksniff observed that the same fault had been 
(oond with it before. It was remarkable it should have struck 
his young relation too. He was glad to see he had an eye 
for art. 

"Various books, you observe," said Mr. Pecksniff, waving 
Ui hand towards the wall, "connected with our pursuit. I 
scribbled myself, but have not yet published. Be careful 

M im AMD Aiyvmcmn or 

huw jrou oome up tUiri. Tlui»*' opaning mMmt door, *"» 
my dumber. I rnkI here wh«i Um bmOy mppow I hkw 
nlired to rent Sometimes I itgure mj hnllhp ntlier moft 
Umii I AMI quite juatifj to myself, by doing eo; bat art is lo^ 
■ml time is short ETery facility you aea for jotting dova 
oruda noUonsi even here." 

Theae latter wonU were explained by his pointing to a «nll 
mind table on which were a lamm diven aheeta of paper, s 
piaee of India rubljer, ami a case of instrumenta; all put ready, 
in ease an architectural idea should oome into Mr. iVdwuCt 
head in the night ; in which event he would instantly Isap oat 
of hedt and fix it for ever. 

Mr. Pecksniff opened another door on the same float; mA 
shni it again, all at oncn, as if it were a Blue Chamber. But 
before ha had well dune so^ he looked smilingly room^ aBd 
"Why mitl" 

amid n't say why not, hrcause he didn't know an^- 
thing at all sfiimt it. Si Mr. IVkuniff annwrml hio^U, U 
thn*wing ii|M*n th«* dm^r, and iviyiiiK: — 

"My daii^htiTH' rtMitn. A \fM\t fir*t-f1«Mir t<» ms Imt a hvw«v 
to thrill. Vvry iinat — vrry ain'. I'loiitjs y**\i idnrrrr. kra- 
ctntlui, UMikji s^n; liinU. ** TIm-m* KinK hy tlir Iit^, ri^^. 
priM'«l in all one utafOfrrin^ oM M|iarTt>w witlnmt a t«d, whKk 
had lm*n Uim>w«*d ezpniwly fnuii th<» kitrht*n. "Siirh XriAm 
as girln lovtr are h«*re. Nothiii^c nitip*. 'nitmr whu iwrk heafi- 
leas spli'uiliiur would MN'k h**r«* in vain.** 

With that hi» l«<il thrm t» th*' t1>H*r aU>vf. 

"Thiis** Miid Mr. IWkHniff, throwing widr ihr d«a*r of th» 
mrmiinhl** tw(H|Kiir fn>nt; **iii a pH»m wh«*rr luimi* talent ka» 
been d«*vi«lii]ir«l, 1 (■•h«*\v. Thi^ in a naim in which an aWa 
for a aterpli* iicctim<i| Ut nm tliat I may on** tUy girv U* th» 
world. Wr work lu*re, my di*ar Martin. S>mr airhtlMte 
have been liml in thin Mum — a fpw, I think. Mr. rinrhf " 

Tom fully aaspnt««I ; and, wImI in ni«*n*. fully l«*lirTff<«l iL 

"'You aec," saitl Mr. Pi^rkuniff. |MMiing i\v* oamlU rapftUr 
\ loU to roll uf papiT, **iw>mr itw^'n nf «iur ilotnipi bnv. 
Any CalhMlral fmm thf n«»rth. Fmm thr $M^ull%. FV« 
From thr wiwt. Fh»ni th«* fMiuth-«*4»t Fhim lk» 
A Iridgi*. An alm*-h'tUM*. .\ jaiL A chufrk. 
•magaiinr. A wini»-crlUr. A |ii»rtini. A summer* 

ma. An ioe-house. Plans, ekvatiinu, srctimus evwty luml 


of thing. And this," he added, having by this time reached 
another large chamber on the same story, with four little beds 
in it^ " this is your room, of which Mr. Pinch here is the quiet 
sharer. A southern aspect; a charming prospect; Mr. Pinch's 
little library, you perceive; everything agreeable and appropri- 
ate. If there is any additional comfort you would desire to 
have here at any time, pray mention it. Even to strangers 
— far less to you, my dear Martin — there is no restriction 
on that point." 

It was undoubtedly true, and may be stated in corrobora- 
tion of Mr. Pecksniff, that any pupil had the most liberal 
permission to mention anything in this way that suggested 
itself to his fancy. Some young gentlemen had gone on men- 
tioning the very same thing for five years without ever being 

"The domestic assistants," said Mr. Pecksniff, "sleep above; 
and that is alL" After which, and listening complacently 
as he went to the encomiums passed by his young friend on 
the arrangements generally, he led the way to the parlour 

Here a great change had*taken place; for festive preparations 
on a rather extensive scale were already completed, and the 
two Miss Pecksniffs were awaiting their return with hospitable 
looks. There were two bottles of currant wine — white and 
red ; a dish of sandwiches (very long and very slim) ; another 
of apples; another of captain's biscuits (which are always a 
moist and jovial sort of viand) ; a j)late of oranges cut up small 
and gritty with powdered sugar, and a highly geological home- 
miMie cake. The magnitude of tliese preparations quite took 
away Tom Pinch's breath; for though the new pupils were 
usoally let down softly, as one may say, particularly in the 
wine department, which had so many stages of declension that 
aometimes a young gentleman was a whole fortnight in getting 
to the pump, still this was a banquet; a sort of Lord Mayor's 
iflMt in private life; a something to think of and hold on by 

To this entertainment, which, apart from its own intrinsic 
aHffilfly had the additional choice quality that it was in strict 
kBeping with the night, being both light and cool, Mr. Peck- 
mM besought the company to do full justice. 

"Martin," he said, "wUl seat himself between you two, my 



lU'jirn, :iii'l Mr. riii'-h will nmir )•>■ ni«-. 1^1 »m -Ir.r.k t- 
iifw inmatf, aii>l iiuy w*- >■■ Inippy tiV'tht-r! M.irt:*^ •• i *'.- 
fri«-ii«1, niv )'»v«' !•• vmmI Mr. Pin«h, if v«»u •^.l^■ rh • •■ ■ 
M'f hhall «iu:irri'l.'* 

AthI trviiij^' till }ii- r*v:inl Tir th»' f«-i-iink** •( th« •• ■• • 
liiitk n-* if lln- will.' \*«'p' ii"i ;ui<l .in"! 'li'lii'l n.ik»* > •■ - •* 
Mr. I*i*i'k»iiitr tli'l )iiiii'>ur til lii« ••wti toi-t 

''Tlii",'* ln' •*ii'l. ill illn-iiin t«i tin- |»irt\, ii-! !*.•• w ■• 
a iiiiii>;liii;; lliit r'|'i\'. ■•Hf f^r luuih •li-.ipj»":iil!:.«T.! i? ■ .-\* 
ti"ij. I.«t •:- )■• iiitrr\.** Hi-n- \i*- ti-'k :i • ii'?i::. - • 
"It i" :i |""r Ip- irl tliit ii«'\fr Pi'iif*— : .upl ■■•:? t.'-ir*- i- - ■ 
jMKir F N"* " 

With -'I'll -liiiiMl Hit- til iiu-rritiMnt tli-l li« ^-v .:' •'■• • 
mi'l 'l" tin- lii'Ti'tMr- i-f \\i*' ti^-lf. »!iil" Mr I'lr.- *.. !-•■.•■- 

:t-.*Mr«' lmii-»!f t^it will? In- - iv» :iii>l I.. If! \t I- \. .: 1 4 ■. T» i *■ 

.IIpI I!"? I -^iiT". •».• 'ili irii. iS" .'f • \«T\ tliMl-^'. II: I ••. : ■-•' 

il: -• ■ 1 ■ f : '.. l-vi .'i I w -.i *;■■«• !■• I -■; :: r ■. r./ • » • • ' N 

w I - I-. ':■•■■! ■. ' ■ ■!' 1 ■/)'•- "f u :ii. ' • • ' 

r- ■■ ■ ■ 

< ' 1' 

iTi : 

M !•■ ' 

• • 


.1. .. *. ■' ■• • 

I ■ . ». ■ 


I 1 

».il r- 

• . I 

\' - 


• t I* • ' 

■ • 1 .' 


i • 


• . . i ■ 

t • • 


' ... 

• f 

•■ M- I' 

\l M 

■.% • 

• • 

l.-;t • 

llltlr !.• 

At 1.-.. 
of th«t /r« I' 


• ■ 


• • . • 

I ■ ■ • 

• • 


•ecoiing beftlth, riches, and wisdom; the infallibility of which 
bas been for generations verified by the enormous fortunes, 
eonstantlj amassed by chimney-sweepers and other persons who 
get tip early and go to bed betimes. The young ladies accord- 
ingly rose, and having taken leave of Mr. Chuzzlewit with 
much sweetness, and of their father with much duty, and of 
Mr. Pinch with much condescension, retired to their bower. 
Mr. Pecksniff insisted on accompanying his young friend up 
stairs, for personal superintendence of his comforts; and taking 
bim by the arm, conducted him once more to his bedroom, 
followed by Mr. Pinch, who bore the light. 

"Mr. Pinch," said Pecksniff, seating himself with folded 
arms on one of the spare beds; "I don't see any snuffers in 
thai candlestick. Will you oblige me by going down, and 
asking for a pair t " 

Mr. Pinch, only too happy to be useful, went off directly. 

*• You will excuse Thomas Pinch's want of polish, Martin," 
aaid Mr. Pecksniff^ with a smile of patronage and pity, as soon 
as be bad left the room. '' He means welL " 

"He is a very good fellow, sir." 

"Ob, yes," said Mr. Pecksniff. "Yes. Thomas Pinch 
means welL He is very grateful. I have never regretted hav- 
ing befriended Thomas Pinch." 

"I should think you never would, sir." 

"No," said Mr. Pecksniff. "No. I hope not. Poor fel- 
low, he is always disposed to do his best; but he is not gifted. 
Yon will make him useful to you, Martin, if you please. If 
Thomas has a fault, it is that he is sometimes a little apt to 
forget his position. But that is soon checked. Worthy soul ! 
Yon will find him easy to manage. Good night ! " 

"Goodnight, sir." 

Bv this time Mr. Pinch had returned with the snuffers. 

"And good night to you^ Mr. Pinch," said Pecksniff. 
"And sound sleep to you both. Bless you! Bless you! " 

Invoking this benediction on the heads of his young friends 
with great fervour, he withdrew to his own room ; while they, 
being tired, soon fell asleep. If Martin dreamed at all, some 
due to the matter of his visions may possibly be gathered from 
the after-pages of this history. Those of Thomas Pinch were 
■U of holidays, church organs, and seraphic Pecksniffs. It was 
e time before Mr. Pecksniff dreamed at all, or even sought 


hifi pillow, as he sat for full two hours before the fire in his 
own chamber, looking at the coals and thinking deeply. But 
he, too, slept and dreamed at last. Thus in the quiet houn 
of the night, one house shuts in as many incoherent and incon- 
gruous fancies as a madman's head. 




It was morning; and the beautiful Aurora, of whom so 
much hath been Mrritten, said, and sung, did, with her rosy 
fingers, nip and tweak Miss PecksnifiTs nose. It was the 
frolicsome custom of the Goddess, in her intercourse with the 
Uit Cherry, so to do; or in more prosaic phrase, the tip of 
that feature in the sweet girl's countenance was always very 
nd at breakfast-time. For the most part, indeed, it wore, at 
that season of the day, a scraped and frosty look, as if it had 
heen rasped; while a similar phenomenon developed itself in 
her humour, which was then observed to be of a sharp and 
•cid quality, as though an extra lemon (figuratively speaking) 
had been squeezed into the nectar of her disposition, and had 
nther damaged its flavour. 

This additional pungency on the part of the fair young 
creature led, on ordinary occasions, to such slight consequences 
«« the copious dilution of Mr. Pinch's tea, or to his coming 
off uncommonly short in respect of butter, or to other the like 
»wult«. But on the morning after the Installation Banquet, 
•he BuflFered him to wander to and fro among the eatables and 
drinkables, a perfectly free and unchecked man; so utterly to 
Mr. Pinch's wonder and confusion, that like the wretched 
captire who recovered his liberty in his old age, he could make 
not little use of his enlargement, and fell into a strange kind 
<rf flutter for want of some kind hand to scrape his bread, and 
^ him off in the article of sugar with a lump, and pay him 
*Oie other little attentions to which lie was accustomed. 
^We was something almost awful, too, alx)ut the self-posses- 
•>• of the new pupil ; who " troubled • ' Mr. Pecksniff for the 
^ and helped himself to a rasher of that gentleman's own 


puticnlar and private tneon, with all llw iwiln— itt lifiL Rt 
eTen MemiHl to think that he waa doing quite a tegular tkoi^ 
and to expect that Mr. I*inch would follow kia example, mbm 
he took oocaaion to obaerve of that young man "thai he didai 
get on ; " a aiM^ich of mt trrmendout a character thai Tom art 
down his eym involuntarily, and frit aa if he himeelf kai 
committed aume hornMe tli*«Hl anil hrinoua breach uf Mr. Vwtk^ 
Bniff*a eonfidenoe. Indited* the agony of having such an md» 
ereet remark achlremgd to him beftire the aaM*mhled fama^ to 
hreakfaat enough in iteelf, ami would, without any olhrr maMw 
of reflection, liave M*ttt«'«l Mr. riiich'* lauiiMaB and qwmrh«4 
hie appetite, for one meal, thmigh he liad hrcn never eo 

The young ladins however, and Mr Peckmuff laki 
remained in the very Imt of Ppirite in «pite <4 
triala, though with nomrthing of a my»terione ni 
among th«*mM*lv<*ft. Whm thi* ninnl wan nrarlj nrer. Mr 
1*rrk«iiiff Pniilin^ly rx]>liiin<Nl thr ohipt uf tlirir c*»mmna «t»> 

"It !•• n>'t ofti-ii/* 111- Kii<l, "Mnrliri, thiit my tlmifshtrff^ tad 
I i]rM*ii (iiir (|ui«'t hi*Tii«' to |>tir*ii«' tht* pi|«K n>iiii>l ••( y»li^iAfi« 
that r<>vfl\<*<t aY>n*:ii|. Hut mi- think ••{ ({••iti^ m* ti»-<Uy " 

** Iinl«N'«i, ••ir!" cri«-»l tin- n«w |ni|.i|. 

"Y«^" *.ii'! Mr. IN'k-niir. ta{*|iin^' hi* |t-ft hand w:!h t 
lrtt«*r M-lii(-)i )ii> h<l«l III hi« ru'ltt. *' I h»\r a purnm*^* \^f 
tn njiair ti> 1i*>ip|<*ii : '>ti ||^•f• -^imimI )iii«in«*^ fnv «lrar MtftuL 
vtriftly iin |ir"ff>i«i<<rnl Yiti»iii(>-« . nittl I |iriimi*4««l my prl^ ^e^ 
ftp*, tint wli.fu-vrr tint h:t|i}«*ni'«l hlmiii, thry athtiiM ^t%^ 
jMiiv iiif. Wv -Ij.iH pi f.irt)» t«> iiiK'liI ^y tin* lifary rw^h— > 
hi'- till- •! .\.- •■( #.!.!. ffjy Martin — anil it will h 
U-f Tf wr i^ruii *li"j»'-it i''!r nlivi'l»niirhr« in thf* 
\\ !i» n I -ly •■ljvi'.}»-hi-," ..^wrvtsl Mr. |Wk*niff in rt|^, "I m.iM • "ir 'lupri-tifiilin;: lMj,*jn^:r.- 

*' I \\"]m- th- \' 'ifip: li'ln-* Will iiij.-i thrir trip/* «ai«l Mtrtm 

'*'»}i' thii I "ni -•irt' «■•• -.liiH'** itmnI M«rrT, r!»pcMn|c Wf 
^ •! '- "i;.--! ^Ti'i 'i-, rhr.rr\. ui\ «l4rliiiy;. Ihr idwa -^ 

N-i'Ti! •*.!!!*" Mfil Mr. lVtk»iiifT. trafinc r«i ^r la a 
\^* '..', V \ '■ \r;.| Vft !}i»-r»* :• .1 nit-Urirhi*lT •Wf^ti 
■'• ' i*.' i .\ ).■;—• It 1*1.;. i-ifit t«> knxv that thrt 
i:. •■ T» \;:-«.!. I rrni»'ni)»T thiiikiri}; *»nrp myarlf. ta 


dajB id mj childhood, that pickled onions grew on trees, and 
that eveij elephant was bom with an impregnable castle on 
his back. I have not found the fact to be so; far from it; 
and yet those visions have comforted me under circumstances of 
tiiaL Even when I have had the anguish of discovering that 
I have nourished in my breast an ostrich, and not a human 
papil — even in that hour of agony, they have soothed me.'' 

At thia dread allusion to John Westlock, Mr. Pinch pre- 
cipitately choked in his tea; for he had that very morning 
reeeived a letter from him, as Mr. Pecksniff very well knew. 

^You will take care, my dear Martin," said Mr. Pecksniff^ 
recoming his former cheerfulness, "that the house does not run 
away in our absence. We leave you in charge of everything. 
There is no mystery ; all is free and open. Unlike the young 
man in the Eastern tale — who is described as a one-eyed 
mhnati^lr^ if I am not mistaken, Mr. Pinch t " — 

"A one-eyed calender, I think, sir," faltered Tom. 

'^They are pretty nearly the same thing, I believe," said 
]fr. Pecksniff, smiling compassionately; "or they used to be 
in my time. Unlike that young man, my dear Martin, you 
are forbidden to enter no comer of this house; but are re- 
quested to make yourself perfectly at home in every part of it. 
Y*fU wiU be jovial, my dear Martin, and will kill the fatted 
alf if you ])lease ! " 

There was not the least objection, doubtless, to the young 

man* 8 slaughtering and appropriating to his own use any calf, 

fat or lean, tliat he might happen to find upon the premises; 

but as no such animal chanced at that time to be grazing on 

Mr. Pecksniff's estate, this request must be considered rather 

as a ptilitt* compliment than a substantial hospitality. It was 

the tinii«liing ornament of the conversation ; for when he had 

delivered it, Mr. Pecksniff rose, and led tlie way to tliat hot- 

bcl *d architectural genius, the two- pair front. 

"Let me see,*' he said, searching among the pajK^rs, "how 

you can liest employ yourself, Martin, while I am al)6ent. 

Snpprjjie you were to give me your idea of a monument to a 

liwd Mayor of London ; or a tomb for a slieritf ; or your notion 

flitcow-hourte to be erected in a nol)leman'« jwrk. 1X> you 

k»uw, now," said Mr. Pecksniff, folding his hands, and look- 
I ttgat hltf young rt^lation with an air of pensive interest, "that 
I I *bouki very much like to see your notion of a cow-house ? *' 


Bui Xutin hy no meuis appMi«d to idfah this 

"A pumm** Mid Mr. Peduaiff, '*ia Trrj rhw^r pffactav. I 
hsTe foand iluit a Lunp-pnt ig calcnUl»d to ivfia* tWaai 
and give it a cliMiCTil tendencr. An ornamental lotnpik* kn 
a mnarkaUa effect upnn the imaginatiim. Whal do joa 09 
to beginning with an omamrntal tuni|iiket ** 

"Whatever Mr. INtcluaiiff plcaenl," Mid Maiiin ^imhOnStf. 

^'SUj,'* Mid that gentleman. "Ci>me! tm yua 'te uahiwm, 
and aie a very neat dnuightaman, jtm shall — ha» ba!~>v«t 
ahall trj your haml <in tlieee piopuRab fur a gimmmar*«cha4: 
Rgulating your pUn, uf eimne, by the prinled paitsmkn 
Upon my word, miw/* «ai«l Mr. I'ecluniff merrily, '*I shall W 
Toy curiouii to see what ynu make nf the 
Who know* but a y«mng man of ViMir taste might hit 
■omethin^ impnwrticaMe and unlikely in iteelf, hot vhidl I 
ooulil |iut into pha|int For it mally is, my dear MaitM. i 
rrally im in th»* tini.Hhiii^ t^nichfA alonf*. that grrat rs|vrvafe 
and Ittii^ fitu«ly in th«*M* iiiAtt«*n« U*\\. lis, lia, lu? N'V tf 
mmUv will >■•," oiiitiiiut-*! Mr. IVtkiuitf, rUpi iriK \^l^ \ ■ .r^ 
fn<'ii«i I'll tli«* tiii'k 111 ht-* •ir<ill )iiiini>ur. '*iiii amii^uirrtt u. a* 
to M*«* what V"ii m.iki* <if t)if ^'«iiil. " 

M-irtiu rtMilily uiiiliTt*ti>k tint t.L-k. .ui«l Mr. lWk«n:tf f n^ 
with |ip>r«'«'<|i'«| to i-titni-t him witli thi* iiut«*ri.U« n''«»-«M4n it 
iXa fx«*4-uti«>ii, «Iwf)hii^' iUfinwhih- m|i tht* nMi^K^d ••fl^x 4 « 
ffw tiiUNhiii^' tiiiirhrt frMiii tin* h.iii«i ••{ » mjjit«*r . «hrK 
ind*"***!, mi* •h»iii** ]H*<i|»h> %iiil«1 thriM* v«*r^ thr fM rt^mtm 
u^in!) i»iu« uiii|M«MiiiiMhly Vi-ry »<ir|iri«iii^, nifl alin-Mt mil 
l«ni*; Aft th«'n' Wi-r»* «m»«** **u n'«*»inl 111 vhirh thr 
iiitnhlui'tiiiii «if .lit :i«l<liti>iiLiI Uuk i«iii<Imw, mf • kitt'h^n «i«< 
or h.ilf .1 <l"/«'ii pttt'ii^ <ir •'Vi'ti .1 wntc-r •{feiiit« h»l m^W i^ 
i|i-«iK'ii «'f .1 pMpiI Mr. !*•• k«iiiir'«« ••wn wiirk, aii*i K»t Ich^c^ 
iiii(»< r>vi tnl- iiit«i k'*'iith*nLiir« |>i«-krt. Ilut mik 
\- tht* tiii^'ii' of ^*'iiiu«. uliii-h fh.kiu**- .ill It hAniilfn idImi c^^* 

'* Wht'it \<>iir luiiiil rfiiiir*"* V» (■■ r* fr%-«hi^i, ta c^ksntiv <^ 
• xi'Minti-'ii," p^.ii«l Mr. Pi-k-iiitf, "Th'irn.i* Piinh will it 
y-«'i in th*' art ••{ "nrvi-^in,; th*' lurk innl«-n, nr in 
t!ii 'I'l*! li*\il -f th** rii>l UtHitii thi« hiMi«r Aii<i th^ 
]'■•'. r :ti .iiiy • th*T pri'tii.!! .iii>l |ilf.i-iii;> |iiir«uit. Thrfv a^ 
i • ir* 1 •i>l of 1 —•■«• hri'k", .1:1 1 .1 »<•. -r*' «<r twt» itf nUi tf^wtr- 
t- • ■. -. f^•■ III' k-yanl. If \'*\i ••••iM pilr thrm u|^ bit ifar 
Mir*. I.. :iit<< iiiy t*ni\ wh^h vniilii r^-iuinil mr im my 


— say of Stw Peter's at Rome, or the Mosque of St. Sophia at 
Coastantinople — it would he at once improving to you and 
agreeahle to my feelings. And now," said Mr. Pecksniff, in 
conclusion, " to drop, for the present, our professional relations 
and advert to private matters, I shall he glad to talk with you 
in my own room, while I pack up my portmanteau. " 

Martin attended him; and they remained in secret confer- 
ence together for an hour or more ; leaving Tom, Pinch alone. 
When the young man returned, he was very taciturn and dull, 
in which state he remained all day; so that Tom, after trying 
him once or twice with indifferent conversation, felt a delicacy 
in obtruding himself upon his thoughts, and said no more. 

He would not have had leisure to say much, had his new 

friend been ever so loquacious; for first of all Mr. Pecksniff 

called him down to stand upon the top of his portmanteau and 

leptcsent ancient statues there, until such time as it would 

consent to he locked; and then Miss Charity called him to 

come and cord her trunk ; and then Miss Mercy sent for him 

to come and mend her box; and then he wrote the fullest 

possible cards for all the luggage ; and then he volunteered to 

carry it all down stairs; and after that to see it safely carried 

on a couple of barrows to the old finger-post at the end of the 

lane; and then to mind it till the coach came up. In short. 

Ids day's work would have been a pretty heavy one for a 

porter, but his thorough good-will made nothing of it, and as 

be sat u|>on the luggage at last, waiting for the Pecksniffs, 

escorted by the new pupil, to come down the lane, his heart 

was light with the hope of having pleased his benefactor. 

"I was almost afraid," said Tom, taking a letter from his 
poeket, and wiping his face, for he was hot with bustling about 
UioQgh it was a cold day, "that I shouldn't have had time to 
write it, and that would have been a thousand pities ; postage 
from nuch a distance being a serious consideration, when one 's 
not rich. Slie will ])e glad to see my hand, p>oor girl, and to 
Wr that Pecksniff is as kind as ever. I would have asked 
John Westlock to call and see her, and tell her all alx)ut me 
% word of mouth, but I was afraid he might speak against 
hckmiff U» her, and make her une^asy. Besides, they are 
pttticalar people where she is, and it might have rendered her 
'■teion uncomfortable if she had had a visit from a young 
«*i like John. Poor Ruth ! " 



I nath mbomJ ft liUk i]u|wmI iu !■ nvk 
t uinut* wr ao, biit ho loand oraJoH vary «aw 
umitiAtMns Utuit : — 

• uioB uMii, I tluo't Uiink, m Joha wad to 
im ft kiftd. iBgn>-bMUl«l blbiwi I wmk ha ^1 1^, 
milt hatlor) la fax fiwHnu tov, uu •nwut at ikft T 
latwam tu, wbui I uugkt lo bn OiiiAiwn ImImi^ 
cxtnnrditiuv |cm«I lurJi in Imvibic am prt brf*. 1 ■■ 
ham Ikini villi • lilw *puuti la nf noyth, 1 ub mii^ 
«ver mnu) ftrjiiM IVtikniiir. Awl him hum 1 faU^ i^ 
By UMftl gouJ luck with \^tm ww pupil I Hwk m 
pBBtoiH^ hw (rlJuW M b» U^ I B«*« Mir. WVf« 1 
oonpniotw dirrrtlj' ! ftwl 1m> ft raUtioB ol l%r>Mif a I 
ft ckMri d«dttii|[ juuU) wlu oiighl ml hn w^ tttoi 
world M if it w«i» » cbawet Hm ha bi«w» whfl* tkl 
on oo n} lip^" auil Tun; " waliiim dowa UtP taiw m 
Uiut beliiBjpd to Ubl" 

[n tnilh, Um hm pupil, twt ■! ftll tlMnuaitfcal 
hoium «( hftTiiiK Hmm Urrej tVokuuC <« kia mi^ « 
ftg n c rt a— to adiatti of UmI jrowig IftJ/, ft|i|«uMh«4 
nadi apakft. MlmwX faj Ml« Cliftrity ml Mr. |s 
Aa lb« Mftcli ftppaarad at ttw aana aoMMit, Tvm [mH 
ia aalnaUng lU ipnilanHtt ImI unnUuoail, (u luabrti 
4>liv«r7 of tua l*u«. 

"Ufat" mkI Mr. PaduaiC, gt>Mia| al tl^ mfmm 
" ror ytMir aiatfir, Tfaoaiaa. Vaa, ub 71% il ahall tm M 
Mr. I'ineh. Maka ywur Ntlnd aw^ npoa thai tean, M 
rMlainlj' hair* it, Mr. Ilnch." 

Ho mail- tli« |i|i>mu» with to mnth oi»laanraai 
panuui(i> lb>l T.MB ffll ho hail a*lwU « gnmi sUml (li 
Mot otnintHl til Uu miud brfiit*;, aud llunkail Ua Mi 
Thu MIm INMLautfi^ aaotfUuv to ■ oOalaB iWl ka> 
•uiwutl t«>rii««l j Mri pttoB, at tba ■Mtjua wi Hi. , 
•M-r t^. llw frii^ll Tba tua Um ol a Mka 

.rmfttlr lolcMvd to toa Ibaa a» ■Igy . |ir I 
• n ii( Ihaif faTMir and Kaa^-haMaMiA 
lautfbad h>» and ruhhad bta Imm*^ m4 
L-uit ji^unwj aad aala r»4ufu, a«d V«ft <|aH 
>lui cnadi had raUnl away wtlh tha nlMw-fe 
tLid tha bail/ of dow buatU, ha atad «•■ 


hmd and bowing; 00 much gratified by the unusually courteous 
doDeaDOur of the young ladies that he was quite regardless, 
for the moment^ of Martin Ghuzzlewit, who stood leaning 
tboughtfully against the finger-post, and who after disposing of 
his fkir charge had hardly lifted his eyes from the groimd. 

The perfect silence which ensued upon the bustle and depar- 
tore of the coach, together with the sharp air of the wintry 
iftonoon, roused them both at the same time. They turned, 
as by mutual consent, and moved off, arm in arm. 

"How melancholy you are!" said Tom; "what is the mat- 

"Nothing worth speaking of," said Martin. "Very little 
more than was the matter yesterday, and much more, I hope, 
thin will be the matter to-morrow. I 'm out of spirits, 

"Well," cried Tom, "now do you know I am in capital 
spirits to-day, and scarcely ever felt more disposed to be good 
company. It was a very kind thing in your predecessor, John, 
to write to me, was it not ? " 

"Why, yes," said Martin carelessly; "I should have 
thought he would have had enough to do to enjoy himself, 
without thinking of you. Pinch. " 

"Just what I felt to be so very likely," Tom rejoined; "but 
00, he keeps his word, and says, * My dear Pinch, I often 
think of you, ' and all sorts of kind and considerate things of 
that description." 

"He must be a devilish good-natured fellow," said Martin, 
somewhat peevishly; "because he can't mean that, you know." 

"I don't suppose he can, ehl" said Tom, looking wistfully 
in his companion's face. "He says so to please me, you 

"Why, is it likely," rejoined Martin, with greater eamest- 
oesB, " that a young man newly escaped from this kennel of a 
plice, and fresh to all the delights of being his own master in 
I^on, can have much leisure or inclination to think favour- 
■My of anything or anybody he has left behind him here ] I 
pvt it to you, Pinch, is it natural ? " 

After a short reflection, Mr. Pinch replied, in a more sub- 
•••d tcme, that to be sure it was unreasonable to expect any 
^ thing, and that he had no doubt Martin knew best. 

**0f ooorse I know best, " Martin observed. 


••Ttib I feel Uttt,** Mid Ur. Pindi mildly. «I ail m* 
And when he had nude this rBJoindtf. Umj f«ll into t U«k 
silenoa agaiii» which luted until thej neahed Iknm^ hj vbek 
time it weederiL 

Now, Mim Charitj Pecksniff, in ooniidentaon of the iMc** 
Tenienoe of cenying them with her in the eoech, nd ife 
impoeeihilitj of preeenring them fay ertifldal mcene nnUl ik 
bmOy's return, had eet forth, in e oou|Je of pUt«^ tht fnf- 
menle of yeateidey'e feast In virtue «rf which lihrtal amaii 
men!, they had the ha|>|)ineM to find awaiting tlMm la ik 
parlour two chaotic hea|M of the remaina uf last night't phe* 
aure, oonaisting of certain filmy bits of orangesi aooie momaiil 
aandwidica, various disrupted masira of the gvultigical cik% 
and several entire captain's biscuits. That chuiee liquor a 
which to st««p these ifaiinties might not be wanting, the remsw 
of the two iHittles of currant wine had been pourvd liytlf 
ami corked with a curl-|Mi|ier; wi that every material wm li 
hand for making <|uit4; a h(*avy night of it. 

Martin riiiu/l«>wit 1h*Ii«'M th«'M* niyfiti*ring prr|iAf«titA« vith 
intinit** riiiitftii]*t, nuA, htirrin^ tin* tin* int«) m \*l.ur it*' ilie ,,•?»«: 
d«*Mtnirtinii of Mr. r«'<*kMiitr'i« r>kil-L i^it iiit*Hlilv il'ivn >v{ *« 
it, in th** iiii»t riitufortaMi* rliair h^* nmM tui'l. TKa! *..* 
might th«* la'ttrr fM|iii-f£i« )iim<'i'lf iiitit tin* ttrnxW r. .rnor il^t «m 
left ftir him, Mr. I'iiirh t<M.k up hi* iNMitimi i.n Miu M«r*7 
PtH-kitnifr*rt iit«x'l, an<l, M-ttin^ hin ^1ai«n ilnwn n|"'ri thr hrtrth- 
nig ami putting liii« plat«* \\\»*u Km kni*«*is (""giui tt> rnjoT Li»- 

If rH'igpnoA coming to lift* ngiin cdiiM have n>llt«l himir^ 
tuY» an<l ttll, tnt«» Mr. l*i*rk<*nitr'ii ]kirl<Mir, nnil nuiM h^T^ Mwa 
Torn rmrli ojt h«* -^.it i»u Mi-rry ]V«-kMiiir'ii i>t'>>I wtth hi« |«Us« 
an>l ^1.1*" lafff*' hint, hv ri.<iM nut havi* f.i'~f«l it •>, ttk^^t^ 
in htrt fiiirhf-t in<tt-l, h^it ruii»t h.ivi* hmih'*! p-«l*t«'Ri{wrv«i}i 
Thr |M*rfr(-t an<l ftitirf ^ati-f.vtii'n ••( T<<m. hi* ii':r{«&wi^ 
appr*H*i*tiiin of thi* hu-ky Mii'lwirh**^ wht'-h rrnm1»lr«l :n Kit 
nitiiith Itkf" ^awiluM . tin* iin*|«'.ikahh< n*h»h with which hf 
pwjlliiwi^l thr thin wiii«* hy 'Irx;!^ aii*! i^miif'k***! h:« li(M^ m 
th*»ti^'h it «i'r«* ••> rirli Mi*\ pn*T>u*> that t>i hk«r an stc^m "f itfl 
fniitj flavour wi-n* a »^in . th«- I'^.k with which \^ pa'^«^ 
aonrtinirA, with hi* glaf*j* in hif» h.inil, pn'|kM»ing mlfnt t>«#u 
to hinurlf: an*! thr anxi'U* ^h-vh' that ramr n|ii>n hi* -^e- 
tented face «hi*n, «fu-r wan-lt-ring n»unil tkir rxMim, raullui^ ;a 


itsuninvaded snugness, his glance encountered the dull brow 
of his companion, — no cynic in the world, though in his hatred 
of its men a very griffin, could have withstood these things in 
Thomas Pinch. 

Some men would have slapped him on the hack, and pledged 
him in a bumper of the currant wine, though it had been the 
sharpest vinegar — ay, and liked its flavour, too; some would 
have seized him by his honest hand, and thanked him for the 
lesson that his simple nature taught them. Some would have 
laughed with, and others would have laughed at him ; of which 
last class was Martin Chuzzlewit, who, unable to restrain him- 
self at last) laughed loud and long. 

"That's right," said Tom, nodding approvingly. "Cheer 
up! That's capital!" 

At which encouragement, young Martin laughed again; and 
nid, as soon as he had breath and gravity enough : — 

"I never saw such a fellow as you are. Pinch." 

"Did n't you, though ? " said Tom. " Well, it 's very likely 
you do find me strange, because I have hardly seen anything 
of the world, and you have seen a good deal, I dare say ? " 

"Pretty well for my time of life," rejoined Martin, drawing 
Ub chair still nearer to the fire, and spreading his feet out 
on the fender. " Deuce take it, I must talk openly to some- 
Wy. I '11 talk openly to you, Pinch." 

" Do ! " said Tom. " I shall take it as being very friendly 
of you. " 

"I'm not in your way, am I?" inquired Martin, glancing 
down at Mr. Pinch, who was by this time looking at the fire 
over his leg. 

"Not at all!" cried Tom. 

"You must know, then, to make short of a long story," said' 
Martin, beginning with a kind of efi*ort, as if the revelation 
^ere not agreeable to him, "that I have been bred up from 
childhood with great expectations, and have always been taught 
^ helieve that I should be, one day, very rich. So I should 
"*ve been but for certain brief reasons which I am going to 
^ you, and which have led to my being disinherited. " 

**By your father?" inquired Mr. Pinch, with open eyes. 

**By my grandfather. I have had no parents these many 
y^Hi — scarcely within my remembrance. " 

"Neither have I," said Tom, touching the young man's 




UFB AKD ADmrnnin of 

hand with his own, and timidlj withdimving it agnin. 

"Whj M to that jmi know, Pinch.** ffumiiHl the ntk^j 
■tirring the fire again, an<l H|ieaking in hin rapi*!, off-hand 
"it 'a all very right and |iro|wr to he fond of fiairnii whm «•! 
have them, and to hear them in ivnienihtaaee aftrr ther'a 
dead, if jou have ever known anything of them. Ilui m I 
never did know anything Ahout mine pefmmally, y««u knee; 
why I can't be ex|>ected to he very eentimental alanit 'ia 
And I am not; that '■ the truth/* 

Mr. Pinch was jiuit then Kmking thoughtfully al the 
But on hia com|iajiion paiuting in this piece, he stjirteiL 
■aid, " Oh ! of coume *' — and com|NMe«l himiM>lf to lietm 

"In a word,** naid Martin, ** I have lM<en hml and ff«arv«l tl 
my life by thia gramlfether of whom I have juat epoki^ 
Now, he ban a greet many gooil pointe; there ia no danlft 
about that ; I Ml not dijiguine the fact fMm y<tn ; but he hm 
two very grvNit f:iiilt^ whirh arv thi* iit«plr i>f hi* lad •: 1' 
In tho tir«t pl.ire, hi* \u%n the iiumI runtirmi**! MlwtiiiarT -I rW 
tkcXt'T \**n fViT iii>-t Mith in :iiiv hutiuii <-ri'«ittin*. In *..'" 

'* In h»\ ml I ? " ••ri»"l T"!ii. 

** III th'»M. tun p''i«"t-i, " r>tunie«l th«* «»!hiT, "ihrr^ tKi-r 
wait Miirh A 111 in. 1 h.ivi' nfffn h«Mnl iT**iu thi*««* vh-- k% « 
that X\iv\ li:ivf Imm'Ii, tini" ••nt <•( niui'l. t)if f.kihntr* •-( * 
fiiniily : .\u*\ I U'li.-vi* tln-ri- '■» -ifni' tnit)i in it iW.i I -*r. : 
4.iy iif niv iiwii kni<wli'«l^r. All 1 \ia\v tii •!•*, i><u kfv«. :> 
t.» }»•• Vi-rv tli.mkfiil that tln'V li.i%*>n't ilf-i-m*!*^! U* nir, »f>l 
til U« vi-ry r.ipf'il t!».it I «l«iri I'lntrk't '*tu 

"T'l *■• -'Iff/* - li'l Nlr. I*:m« li ** Wn* |in»|M'r. " 

*' W.'ll, -ir," r»'-'iini'il Martin, ^tirrin^ tin- fir** tm*^ m t»« 
ml •Ir.iuiit,; lii4 . )i nr otill rli.^T ti> it. *' hi* ^•lfi*hnr«ii n\akm 

hini f\.i< tiiipT. \<>'i nu*\ )ii4 ••f»*tin.irv niAk*** hwn ivk^sl* 

in hin i*x.i''ti"iit. Tit*' <'«.ti..t^|i|i>ni*r in ttuit h<* Ux» «l«Mt 
<*XArt<*i| a K^'-'it tli'.il ffi-ni Mt^' in tlif w.iv nf r«*«|M'«-t, an«l nK 
miAAiiifi. .uiil ^*lf-<li' w)i«-n In* wi-li*- mrr** in «|ii<-«li*'n, ■»! 
io flirt li. I Imvi* Uirn*' i k*r«Mt iIimI fnini him. U*r4u*^ 1 have 
hern iin*l**r ••M;^iti'-n« t*> hini i if "U»- r.xn r\rr }«• «ai'I t* V 
under ii)>li^Mti<>n- t>> "tii''^ 'wn k'Mttlfiitht<ri, m\*\ >«^^a»' 1 
have )■•• n rt.illv .ittvhi-«| t<i hiin . Uit wr hivr h»l a tcrvai 
ly qujrri'U, fur aii ttut, fi>r 1 c«>-iM n<>t arr«imm(Kiate aywlf 


ways very often — not out of the least reference to 
you understand, but because — '' he stammered here, 

rather at a loss. 
?inch, being about the worst man in the world to help 

out of a difficulty of this sort, said nothing, 
il! as you understand me," resumed Martin quickly, 
I n't hunt for the precise expression I want. Now, I 

the cream of my story, and the occasion of my being 
f am in love, Pincli." 

^inch looked up into his face with increased interest, 
ly I am in love. I am in love with one of the most 
1 girls the sun ever shone upon. But she is wholly 
[rely dependent upon the pleasure of my grandfather; 
tie were to know that she favoured my passion, she 
tse her home, and everything she possesses in the world. 

nothing very selfish in that love, I think ? " 
ish ! " cried Tom. " You have acted nobly. To love 

am sure you do, and yet, in consideration for her state 

dence, not even to disclose — " 

it are you talking about, Pinch?" said Martin pet- 

''donH make yourself ridiculous, my good fellow! 

> you mean by not disclosing 1 " 

?g your pardon," answered Tom. "I thought you 

lat, or I would u^t have said it." 

did n't tell her I loved her, where would be the use 
nng in love? " said Martin; "unless to keep myself in 
iial state of worry and vexation 1 " 
b 's true," Tom answered. "Well! I can guess what 

when you told her," he added, glancing at Martin's 
e face. 

r, not exactly, Pinch," he rejoined, with a slight 
* because she has some girlish notions about duty and 
!, and all the rest of it, which arc rather hard to 

but in the main you are right. Her heart was mine, 


. wliat I supposed, " said Tom. " Quite natural I " and, 
;reat satisfaction, he took a long sip out of his wine- 

lough I hatl conducted myself from the first with the 
ircumspection,-' pursucMl Martin, "I had not managed 
10 well but that my grandfather, who is full of jealousy 


Imt, bat ilni^iwftj ittaclmd B0 tD |wi¥it% «mI 
with dengniog to eomipt the fidelity to hiawlf {Hhttn 
obwrvi - hii wUbhneM) of a jroimg OMtim whoa hm hal 
tnined and ediiaited to be his onlj diiinte wiled Aad leilhM 
eoMpanioB when he ehooM heve die p oeed of Be ia wunk§t U 
hie heert'e eontcnt Upoa thati I took fire imwedieitly, mi 
told him that with hie good leave I would diepoae of mjedf ii 
■Miriagei and would rather not be knocked down hgr hta m 
anj other auctioneer to any bidder whoneoeTer.** 

Mr. Pinch o|iened hie eyea wider, and looked al the In 
harder than he had done yet 

*'Yoo nay be ■uiv,'* aaid Martin, **thal thie neltM kia 
and that he began to be the very rvvene of nnw|JinwlBy 
to myeelf. Interview euooeeded interview ; woida wa^mimd 
worde, ae they alwava do; and the upelhiC of it waa ihrt I 
WM U» nrn'Hincr hrr nr Iv renouiiml by him. Now yn^ vitf 
brar in mitul, I'iitfh, that 1 mm ivA. unly <lm|irrmtrlv t^ ti 

h«T ^fiir, th<iM^)i ••hi' Ik i»<-«r, hiT 1a*ailtv AIhI intrllr't w •-!: 

rffli-ft ^'TiJil rritht i.n any )««]%-, 1 <li»n*t mrf «•( wtuit je*t#r 
i»i«iiifi. w)iii ini^tit 1«*«*iitn«* lii-r htifi)«tii| t, }*i\ that a tLM 
iii^criNlii'tit in tiiv M'Tiif^i^itiiin ik a luii^t il*-t«'ri!iin«-«l — " 

•MMntinary/' nu^p-nt^il T«»m in Jifrfrrl ^'irtBl faith. flul Sb* 
**u^*«ti<>n wai« n^t »»• w«'ll r«-<'«*ivf«l am hf hail ri|w<tr«i |.« 
thff* yi'un^; man ininifiliat^'Iy r«-ji*in«t|, with M*mr iiTit*t^*o — 

"\Vhiil u MImw y.Mi nr.-i Tinrh!" 

** I 1m'^ yi>ur ]>iir<l'>n/* Mii«l Tom: "I th<*ii):ht t*»u wa&|f«i » 

*• I ili'l n't want that wnnl," hr n*j«'ifi"l. "I t**ki y.^ 
<i)vtMi4«-y w.fc- n-. j.irl *4 my rhiir-ictrr. iii«! I n*A\ I ••» 
g<iiri^' !•• "jy, if vm:! hi'l pvfn mi* I<>avr, that a rhirf ixtfn 
ih«*fit tn iiiv '-<»iii|Hi9.iti>.n i« a m*wt ilt-trnuin«<«l tirmn««i^'* 

**oh!" T'lin, M rawing up hm moutli, an«i D».«ii:^ 

*' Aii'l U-jiij firm/' |>iir*iii'«l Martin, **i»f niur**^ | via d-I 
Kfinu* t<> yi«'l'i u* hiiu. nr ^i\i* way hy i^i much at thr thcc 
oaii'lth pirt "f an in< li. " 

•' N's !i",*' -111 r--ni. 

*'Ort thi* r iitr.iry . thr murt* ht* uryrtl, thr morv I ww 
df*t«*rniiiiiMt t.i iij.|»M«- Kini 

••T«» l«' •urvl" oai't T«»ni. 


"Very well," rejoined Martin, throwing himself back in his 
chair, with a careless wave of both hands, as if the subject 
were quite settled, and nothing more could be said about it — 
*' there is an end of the matter, and here am I! " 

Mr. Pinch sat staring at the fire for some minutes with a 
puzzled look, such as he might have assumed if some uncom- 
monly difificult conundrum had been proposed, which he found 
it impossible to guess. At length he said : — 
Pecksniff, of course, you had known before ? " 
Only by name. No, I had never seen him, for my grand- 
father kept not only himself but me aloof from all his rela- 
tions. But our separation took place in a town in the adjoin- 
ing county. From that place I came to Salisbury, and there 
I saw Pecksniff's advertisement, which I answered, having 
always had some natural taste, I believe, in the matters to 
which it referred, and thinking it might suit me. As soon as 
I found it to be his, I was doubly bent on coming to him, if 
possible, on account of his being — " 

"Such an excellent man,'' interposed Tom, rubbing his 
hands; "so he is. You were quite right." 

"Why not so much on that account, if the truth must be 
•poken," returned Martin, "as because my grandfather has an 
inveterate dislike to him, and, after the old man's arbitrary 
treatment of me, I had a natural desire to run as directly coun- 
ter to all his opinions as I could. Well! as I said before, 
here I am. My engagement with the young lady I have been 
telling you about is likely to be a tolerably long one; for 
neither her prospects nor mine are very bright; and of course 
I shall not think of marrying until I am well able to do so. 
It would never do, you know, for me to be plunging myself 
into poverty and shabbiness and love in one room up three 
pair of stairs, and all that sort of thing." 

"To say nothing of her," remarked Tom Pinch, in a low 

"Exactly so," rejoined Martin, rising to warm his back, and 
leaning against the chinmey-piece — " to say nothing of her. 
At the same time, of course, it 's not very hard upon her to 
be obliged to yield to the necessity of the case: first, because 
■he loves me very much; and secondly, because I have sacri- 
ftoed a great deal on her account, and might have done much 
better, you know. 




It WM a Toy long time belon Torn mmI "CMaimly ; "* m 
Um^ that lie might have taken a Mp in the lalcffTai. bat hi 
did aaj it at lart. 

**Now, there is one odd ooiaddeaoe mnnertwl vith th» 
lova-dotyy^ laid Ifaitin, "which bringi it to aa ead. Yua 
icmembtf what you Uild me la»t night aa we weie ooan 
about jour pretty vinitor in the church f ** 

"Surely I dis^ eaid Turn, rieing fmm hie eUiul and 
himeelf in the chair frum which the f4her had Utdy 
be might eee hiJ face — ** undoubtedly. ** 

"That wa« ehe.** 

" I knew what you were gc4ng to aay,** cried Tom, loukii| 
ftsadly at him* and epeaking very aoftly. " Yuu don't tell mt 

"That wae nhe/' repeated the young man. "After wheA I 
have h«*anl fmm IWkjinilf, I have n«» doubt that ehe came ani 
w«*nt with iiiv ^raiiiif;ithrr. — iKin't ymi ilnnk t4H» much of that 
luMir win«*, or you 11 liav«> n tit f>f iwiiiif iMirt, I'ttirli, I aw." 

*' it iri iiiit Mry \«}i"lt--'iiif, 1 am .Jrihl," n-ii'l T> :u, Act:::.. 
d<iwh tli«- «-iii|<ty ;:l.i-- li*- hail f«ir Mimi- timr li<i-i. ">» it.*: 
wiiji fhf, Uii.- It I " 

Mart III fi<"l'ii'<l .uva-tit . uiit| uiMiii);, with a rt*i»Ui*^* ix:« 
tl«*li(*«*, that if hr h.i*l )«-«-li u ffW iLiv» farli«-r h«- w<«;M :.«•' 
M^'it h«*r, uii'l ii>>\% r^ht' ini^ht U-, {>*t .iii\thtii>: hr kb'V 
hillidri'^lN <if tiiili-* aMr.i\. thn-w him-t-If, afti-r a ft« X ,rza 
ai'niHit the r««»m, into 4 <-h.iir, an<l ch.if*-«i lik** .1 ni-'iit iKiI-i. 

Toiii I'liith^ hi-.trt w.wi \fr\ t'-iiih r, jiii'I h uM !*••: t»«r 

t^i ii«*i* th«' iii'-t iii'litlt rt-itt )M-r«o|| 111 ilifttnv^ . «till htm c« 
who hul iw.ikiu<-t .lit iiiti-ri Nt in hwu, aiiil «honvArir%l L:a 
(<'ith« r in f.i' t, or .u. h*- ^-i|>}«om*i1 1 \iith kiii-lnf% aiii m » 
npirit of !• iiii-i.t I fti<itni< tii<ii. \«'\«*r hifi o«n th-*-:«;bt« 
h.iil Uiti .1 ft'Vi ii.<>iiiiiit<« Ufori' — aiiil tii jti'l^ fr*>ni )u« f*^ 
tht'V mu-t h.i\«* U-«-n |ir*tt\ mtpmi* — hr ili«imt«<M'«| thna \^ 
Mantlv. ah'l u'^^*' h:- ><>'iiip; fni-n<l thi* U-*t •••tin'M-l .m! «> a^fct 
that *m ntrn il t*> hiiii 

"All Mill U- Hill in tiui*-, " ^.ii'l Toin, ** 1 havr no .t.^iU 
an«i »oiui* trill ut-l .i>i\<rMi\ lot n<iw will «nly •••rvr t>> KAit 
you iiiitr*' .itt.ii h<-<l to «Mi h ••tlii-r in U-tt^r •t.iv«. i bavr Uvftv* 
laaii that thi- trtith i< -••. aifl 1 hiM* a fi'«-hii^ within :»«« 
which trlU lilt' how«:ril .it.>l r^ht it t<* thit it vUtu*! hr. 
What urwt run pin«»*th ><t," iai«l T<<ni, with 11 Miiilr, wKkK 


despite the homeliness of his face, was pleasanter to see than 
many a proud beauty's brightest glance — '^what never ran 
smooth yet can hardly be expected to change its character for 
us; so we must take it as we find it, and fashion it into the 
very best shape we can by patience and good-humour. I have 
no power at all — I needn't tell you that — but 1 have an ex- 
cellent will ; and if 1 could ever be of use to you, in any way 
whatever, how very glad I should be ! '' 

''Thank you," said Martin, shaking his hand. ''You're a 
good fellow, upon my word, and speak very kindly. Of course, 
you know," he added, after a moment's pause, as he drew his 
chair towards the fire again, "I should not hesitate to avail 
myself of your services if you could help me at all ; but mercy 
on us ! " — here he rumpled his hair impatiently with his hand, 
and looked at Tom as if he took it rather ill that he was not 
somebody else — "you might as well be a toasting-fork or a 
frying-pan. Pinch, for any help you can render me." 

'* Except in the inclination," said Tom gently. 

"Oh! to be sure. I meant that, of course. If inclination 
went for anything, I shouldn't want help. I tell you what 
you may do, though, if you will — at the present moment, too. " 

" What is that f " demanded Tom. 

" Read to me. " 

"I shall be delighted," cried Tom, catching up the candle, 
with enthusiasm. " Excuse my leaving you in the dark a mo- 
ment, and I'll fetch a book directly. What will you like? 
Shakespeare ? " 

"Ay!" replied his friend, yawning and stretching himself; 
"he 'U do. I am tired with the bustle of to-day, and the nov- 
elty of everything about me ; and in such a case, there 's no 
greater luxury in the world, I think, than being read to sleep. 
You won't mind my going to sleep, if I can ? " 

" Not at all : " cried Tom. 

"Then begin as soon as you like. You need n't leave off 
when you see me getting drowsy (unless you feel tired), for it 's 
l^easant to wake gradually to the sounds again. Did you ever 
toy that t " 

"No, I never tried that," said Tom. 

"Well! You can, you know, one of these days when we 're 
liolli in the right humour. Don't mind leaving me in the dark. 
Look sharp! 


106 Un AXD A P V M T UM i OT 

Mr. Pinfih UmI no time in moving sw^; ind In « 
two returned with one of the predooe Tolomee Iran th« eMf 
beeide hie bed. Martin hed in the meen time meitr hinHvlf m 
oomforteUe ae circunuUnoei would pennit bj eonelrwiimc b». 
Ion the Bre e temporuy Mfa of three cheiie with MeRj'e iloi4 
for e pilloWp end Ijing down at full length apao it. 

«*Don't be too loud, pleaee," he eaid to Pinch. 

««Noi no." eaid Tom. 

**Yott're aure jou 're not ooldt^ 

**Not at all! "cried Tom. 

'*! am quite ready, then." 

Mr. Pinch acciinlingly. after turning oter the learee of hv 
book with aa much care aa if thej wera living and highly 
iahed creatureii. maile hia own aelection. and be^n to 
Before he hail cunipletcd fifty linea, hia friend waa — ^ng 

"Piior f<-l](iw!** Mid Tom, ■uftly, aa he atrrlchcid out ki 
heail t«i |MH*|i at him i»V4*r t)H* Wkii «if therhaini. **Ile u rwn 
yoxum to )i:iv«* mt iinirh tMuhK*. fliiw tnwtfiil and ftrn^rnw :» 
him t<» fH'ftiiw all thit riiiiti<h*iif*» in mi*. \uA tliat «m •h', 
Willi it r '* 

But HiiiMi'iily rfiMi'iiitNTiiif( t)M*ir C()m|iort, hr t««i*k cp lb« 
|Ki«*m at thi* pl.Mf wlif>ri* In* h:i<l Mi utf, nrnl wi*iit ^n r»-*!:rtt 
alwavii for>:i-ttiii^ to f^nutr th** raii<llf*, tiiilil tU wi^-k I<*4r»| !.k' 
a mui«hr<«>m. Il«* ^Tfluiilly liframi* mt much iiitrrwt««l tha: 
h«* f|uiti» fiirpit t*» p-pli'iii-h tht* firt*; ami w:b« onlv r^mmiM 4 
hilt ni*>;li'i-t hy Miirtiu rhu/zlfwit •>tartiti^ up aftrr thi* U{ar A 
an hmir «'r mi, .lUil «*r\in^ with a nhivi-r: — 

"Why, it \ ni'.trly out, I*! Ni» WMiult^r I «lrT«aM! i 
U'tn^ fr>>/i'n. iKi c.ill fur »oiuv oioU. Wliat a MKiw yoa arr, 



HIS spirit: and the BLUE DRAGON LOSES A LIMB. 

Martin began to work at the grammar-school next morning, 
with 80 much vigour and expedition that Mr. Finch had new 
reason to do homage to the natural endowments of that young 
gentleman, and to acknowledge his infinite superiority to him- 
self. The new pupil received Tom's compliments very gra- 
ciously; and having by this time conceived a real regard for 
him, in his own peculiar way, predicted that they would always 
be the very best of friends, and that neither of them, he was 
certain (but particularly Tom), would ever have reason to regret 
the day on which they became acquainted. Mr. Finch was 
delighted to hear him say this, and felt so much flattered by 
his kind assurances of friendship and protection that he was at 
a loss how to express the pleasure they afforded him. And 
indeed it may be observed of this friendship, such as it was, 
that it had within it more likely materials of endurance than 
many a sworn brotherhood that has been rich in promise ; for 
so long as the one party found a pleasure in patronising, and 
the other in being patronised (which was in the very essence of 
their respective characters), it was of all possible events among 
the least probable that the twin demons. Envy and Fride, 
would ever arise between them. So in very many cases of 
friendship, or what passes for it, the old axiom is reversed, and 
like clings to unlike more than to like. 

Tliey were both very busy on the afternoon succeeding the 
family's departure — Martin with the grammar-school, and Tom 
in balancing certain receipts of rents, and deducting Mr. Feck- 
miff's commission from the same; in which abstruse employ- 
ment he was much distracted by a habit his new friend had of 
whistling aloud, while he was drawing — when they were not 
a little startled by the unexpected obtrusion into that sanctuary 
of genius of a human head, which, although a shaggy and 


■omewhat •kmiing hemi in appcftniiMi smiled diMy «p« 
them from the diiurwaj, in a manner that waa at onee wegpi^ 
conciliatory, and expreeeive of appcofaatioiL 

"I am not induetrioun mjeelf, genU both,** aaid the hrai 
"but I know bow to appreciate that quality in olhenL I nh 
I may turn gn-y and ugly, if it ia n't| in my opinitHit n«st to 
geniui^ one of the very charmingeet qualitiea vi thr huBMa 
mind. Upon my soul, I am grateful to my frirad IVhMMff 
for helping me to the ountempUttim of such a deliotme pict«ie 
aa you prraenU Yuu remind me uf Wliittington, aftr iw ^li 
thrice Luid Iklayor of London. I give yuu my Mtf^lltH weld 
of honour that yuu very Mrungly remind me of that hietanal 
character. You arc a |Mir of WliittingUma, genia, vithcml Ihi 
cat; which u a miiat agreealJe and bleeead exeeplMi to m^ 
for I am not attaclied to the feline apeciea. My name ie 1\|g. 
how do you do f ** 

Martin liH>ki*«l t^i Mr. IMnch for an rxplanati*tii ; and Tiaik 
whn hail iii'\cr in hi-* hf«' M*t fvc* c»n Mr. Ti>;}; lvf«irr, K«)iff«2 
in xUiii p'ntli'tii.m liiniM-lf. 

•M'Im'Vv Slvni'- r* r«aiil Mr. 'Yi^^ nitfrpv^itivflv. an-1 ki««ie^ 
hlH l«*fl h:iii*l in t'lki-n i>f frifniUhip. *' V«'ii wtH un<l'r%UBi 
m«* wlirn I r«.i> I mil thr ni-i-rt^liti'^l ap-nt ff rhi-«t >I«fiif 
— that I nni thi* aiiiUt'o^.ttlnr fmni the nmrt i^f I'hitt 11^ 

** li«*v<l.iy ! " fXi l.iuni'il M irtin, •^tartin^ at tht* iitrc»ti>« ci i 
nam** h«< kntw. **|*r.iy tl'M- li«' want with nir ( " 

** If vi»«ir nann- i«» I'lmli " Mr. T\^)i U^ail 

"ll I- lift," P.ii'l M.irtin rhi-tkin^ huiiM-lf. **Tliat u Mr 

*' If !•« Mr l*iiii-)i/* rriinl Ti^^*. ki'^^lnk; hi« lum*! 
Aiiil Uv'inniii^' t<* f -11<*.« III*. hiMtJ intii tht-, "\^ 
)H>rniii iiii> t<i '>.i\ I •:rtMtlv r-t<^>ni an-1 ri-»|«*i-t hi* r 
t<-r, wl.i< ll h i« !■'• II iipv^i lii^'hly •-••nim«'n*lrti !•• mr !•« mi 
fri« ii«l I'ttk^nitf. .iii<l th it I •|i-f-{'lv appr^-i utr hi« tAlmt ff 
thf "Ik' lilt li"lu il)i"t.inil:ii;* thit I tht n<'t, if 1 tUA\ tur tht 
iipr* -oi >n. ijriti'l. rh\-t-lf If tin- i« Mr. I'inrh, I «iU iv» 
tun* to I \}ir««v. a h-)« thit I m-4* liim urU, an*! thai he v 
aulfi-riiik* It" Hh "ti^* ii]< U' •■ fr«ni thr «M-t«-rl\ wind f '* 
Th.ii.k >":.'* "i:! *r«'iii. "I all. \try u«»ll." 
That I- I I'Miif.rt, " Mr Tw rii"in«L •'Thro." be 
adtlinl, nhii-hhnf* hiM li|N» with thr )«liu of hin liantl, and apf^lv- 

• 1 M 


ing them dose to Mr. Pinch's ear, "I have come for the 
letter. " 

For the letter,'' said Tom aloud. "What letter? '' 
The letter," whispered Tigg, in the same cautious manner 
as before, "which my friend Pecksniff addressed to Chevy 
Slyme, Esquire, and left with you." 

"He didn't leave any letter with me," said Tom. 

" Hush ! " cried the other ; " it 's all the same thing, though 
not so delicately done by my friend Pecksniff as I could have 
wished — the money. " 

The money I " cried Tom, quite scared. 
Exactly so," said Mr. Tigg. With which he rapped Tom 
twice or thrice upon the breast and nodded several times, as 
though he would say that he saw they understood each other; 
that it was unnecessary to mention the circumstance before a 
third person ; and that he would take it as a particular favour 
if Tom would slip the amount into his hand as quietly as 

Mr. Pinch, however, was so very much astounded by this 
(to him) inexplicable deportment that he at once openly 
declared there must be some mistake, and that he had been 
intmsted with no commission whatever having any reference 
to Mr. Tigg or to his friend either. Mr. Tigg received this 
declaration with a grave request that Mr. Pinch would have 
the goodness to m^e it again; and on Tom's repeating it in 
a still more emphatic and unmistakable manner, checked it 
off, sentence for sentence, by nodding his head solemnly at the 
end of each. When it had come to a close for the second 
time, Mr. Tigg sat himself (lo>vn in a chair and addressed the 
young men as follows : — 

^KThen I tell you what it is, gents both. There is at this 
present moment, in this very place, a perfect constellation of 
tftlent and genius, who is involved, through what I cannot but 
designate as the culpable negligence of my friend Pecksniff, in 
m situation as tremendous, perhaps, as the social intercourse of 
the nineteenth century will readily admit of. There is 
•etaally at this instant, at the Blue Dragon, in this village, — 
an alehouse, observe; a common, paltry, low-minded, clod- 
hopping, pipe-smoking alehouse, — an individual, of whom it 
m/Kj be said, in the language of the Poet, that nobody but 
lumaelf can in any way come up to him ; who is detained there 

110 Un AHD APV M T UM i OT 

f or his UlL Ha» ha! For his biU! I mft^ il— for te 
failL Now,"* Mid Mr. Tigg» ''wa hat* hMvd oT Fa's Bbik 
of Martyn, I believoi and we have haaid of tha GSovt rf 
Baqaeatti and tho Star Chamber; bat I faar tke eoalmdkm 
of no man alive or dead, when I anert thai mj friead CWvy 
Sljme being held in pawn for a bill beala any aaMNml of 
lighftltig with which I am acquainted. ** 

Martin and Mr. Pineh looked, flrrt at each other, and 
warda at Mr. Tigg, who with hie arma folded oa hie 
aunreycd them, half in despondency and half in bitl en wa. 

"Don't mi»take me, genU both," he eaid, atiHdiuv ^"^ 
hia right hand. "If it had been for anythii^ bat a hill, I 
could have borne it, and amhl still have kioked apoo maakiBi 
with some feeling of respect; but when soch a maa as Hf 
friend Slyme b detained for a score — - a thing ia itself 
tially mean ; a low perfiirmance on a slate, or possibly 
uptm the lark of s dour — I do frel that there is a sorv W 
such ma^iitiiiU* ItniM* iuinii*whi*rr> that the whole frmmrwtvk <f 
WMMrty if( f(h.ik«>n, uiiil tli«* vi-ry Hi>t prinriplf* f»f thiiii:* ran ^ 
loii^'iT }<• truj»t*-i|. Ill cliort, p'hU Uitli, " m.ii«| Mr. T:,;^ w:ii 
a )lu^^t<llmt'• t1<*Mrif«h of hi- h.iii<U ami hfinl, **whfn a lUAn l.k» 
Sly nil* in ilrtaiiHHl fur nurli a xhiuu hji ii lull, 1 rrjiH*t thr «-:*»r- 
•titiciuii nf iit,»i*ii, aii«l U-lii'Vi* iiotlnn^. 1 (lun't «*\i*n Ivhnr ihil 
I fion*t U'lirVf, rur-M* iim* if I «|fil" 

"I am v«»ry Mirry, I am "un'," fuiiil T«»m aftt^r s |>«u«r. **tct 
Mr. lN*rki«iiitr nai*! iii*t)iin): U* u\** af«*ut it, .tii'l 1 omMn t tet 
withiiiit hi* iiL«»lni«ti«ini. WmiM n't it }"• )«'ttrr. nr. if r^n 
vFt'Tv Im pi tn — t«i whiT«'v»-r Vini r.inif* fmrn — y«tixr*rH «»1 
ri'iiiit tin* ni'»in'V i** v<''.ir frif mil " 

*' lli>\% • }»■ il'iif, whi'ik I am iMainr^l sl««iT" M>d 
Mr. Tic;;. **iii ! uh*n iii'Ti-i'Vir, nwin^* U* thr .%*t*iriit«liA|^ p^i 
I inu**t .I'M, pnit> IM ^'li;:>iii-f nf my frimil I%*rk*tiiff. I hsvv 
no mi'iH'V f'-r ••>.ii-hhir«- f " 

T<*m th«'':;:ht of r«'i:i:ti'liiip; th** p'litlrmsn iwht, n<« ii«i«te, 
in hi» .vit.iti"!! ]iA*\ f>>r^*'>tt« II It I thi'rr wan a \m**\ o 
thi> l.Ufl . .ml |w-.«:hly if h«* wniti* t<i -*mr fnrn«l or 
fiir .1 r*<'t' it iin/ht H't l«* h**\ njii-ii thr r«ai| . or si sB 
i*v«-iit- th*' <h.iii><'. )i<'^«ivrr <I*-*)« rat**, wan worth tfuilxvc 
l«». liiit .is hi" ^:«*-l-iuit'irf prt-M-iitly i»'.i>:>T*tr»! to hitn 
rro^iUii f.-r afvtaihiii^ fr<>m thin hint, hr |«usrd 
thru arkol. -* 



Did yoa say, sir, that you were detained also? " 
Come here,** said Mr. Tigg rising. "You have no ohjeo- 
tion to my opening this window for a moment ? " 

" Certainly not, " said Tom. 

"Very good," said Mr. Tigg, lifting the sash. "You see a 
fellow down there in a red neckcloth and no waistcoat ? " 
Of course I do,'' cried Tom. "That 's Mark Tapley." 
Mark Tapley, is it t " said the gentleman. " Then Mark 
Tapley had not only the great politeness to follow me to this 
house, but is waiting now, to see me home again. And for 
that act of attention, sir," added Mr. Tigg, stroking his mous- 
tache, "I can tell you that Mark Tapley had better in his 
infancy have been fed to suffocation by Mrs. Tapley than pre- 
served to this time." 

^Ir. Pinch was not so dismayed by this terrible threat but 
that he bad voice enough to call to Mark to come in, and up 
ftaiiB; a summons which he so speedily obeyed that, almost 
as soon as Tom and Mr. Tigg had drawn in their heads and 
dosed the window again, he, the denounced, appeared before 

"Come here, Mark! " said Mr. Pinch. "Good gracious me, 
what 's the matter between Mrs. Lupin and this gentleman ? " 

"What gentleman, sir?" said Mark. "I don't sec no gen- 
tleman here, sir, excepting you and the new gentleman," to 
whom he made a rough kind of bow — " and there 's nothing 
wrong between Mrs. Lupin and either of you, Mr. Pinch, I 

am sure." 

" Nonsense, Mark ! " cried Tom. " You see Mr. — " 

"Tigg," interposed that gentleman. "Wait a bit. I shall 
crush him soon. All in good time ! " 

"Oh, Aim/" rejoined Mark, with an air of careless defiance. 
"Yea, I see him. 1 could see him a little better, if he'd 
shave himself, and get his hair cut." 

Mr. Tigg shook his head with a ferocious look, and smote 
himself once upon the breast. 

"It's no use," said Mark. "If you knock ever so much 
in that quarter, you '11 get no answer. I know better. 
There 's nothing there but padding, and a greasy sort it is. " 

"Nay, Mark," urged Mr. Pinch, interposing to prevent 
hostilities; "tell me what I ask you. You're not out of 
toDiper, I hope?" 


««Oat rf temper, nrf' cried Merk, witk e frta; **«l^ m 
rir. There's e little credit— iKSt orach — ia htim% jeO^. 
when each fellowa ee him ie e going ehoet like 
if there is any breed of Uoius at leeel, ee ii ell 
Whet is there between him end Mre. Lnpin» mrf Wht, 
there 'e e eoore between him end Mni LapiB. And I Ihiak 
Mm Lupin lete him end bin friend off rerj eeey in ftol chmf- 
ing Vm douMe prieec for being e dii^grMe to the De^p^ 
Thei'e my o|itnion. I wouldn't here eny each |N4er lit 
Wild Hoy ee him in my houeci eir, not if I wee peid leee 
pricee for it He *a enough to turn the very beer in the 
eonr. with hi« looki: he i«! So he would, if it had ji 

'^You're not eniiwering my queetion, yon know, MaA' 
ohaenred Mr. Pinch. 

"Well, «ir/' mid Mark, «'I don't know ae thm'e 
enewnr furthf«r then that. Him ami bin friend gnee end 
at th«* M(«m an<l Sum till Uipy 'rn nin a bill then*; and iWn 
oom(>i* find Ht4i|M« with ii«« ami tl<M*«« thr mnit>. Hi** runniae 4 
bilU M riMiiliii»li ••lioi)^)i, Mr. Pilii-h ; It nili't &• «»• •^^j'vt 
to; it'll lti«* WiivM iif thirt rh.ifi. Nutliiii^t 'n p**«i rmMieh f f 
him; all thr woiiii*u in <lyiiif; f<»r liitii» hi* tliinks and w iTtvr- 
|«i«l if hi* wiiikrt at 'fiii ; lUid ull tht* iiifii wan m*l# lo ^» 
onlf»r«H| aUkiit hy liim. Tliin not Imin^ n^cK^^''*^''*>* •*n*«i^ W 
aaya thin tiii»riiin>; ti> ini*, iii hit umiaI i-aiitivatiii^ war. *\Ve'i« 
going t4>-iiiuht, my man.' * .\r»* yini, mrf ' nay^ 1. * iVirke^ 
you M lik** till* hill ^'iit n i<ly, tir f ' * Oh nt*. inr maik ht 
aay^: ' ynti iii*»ln't tiiiiiil I *11 fj^ix^ !Wk«nilf 
HM* ^l that.' Ill ri'ply t«i whirh, th«* Drntftm makr« 
' Thank •'•*, nir, vn'i 'n* viTy kind to htmniir ti« m* far, Vmti m 
Wf* dfin't kn<«w any | fi*mn\ iif Tmi, and Tim «&c«1 
tra%-id with lii»;pi«{**« ""'! Mr. IWknnifT ain't at ht*to# 
pFrh.i|M y<m in.iyn't h.ip{M<ii ti» In* awarr <*f. sin, w«i 
prr*frr mnni-thin); nrnrv* N.tti«fartory . ' an*! that's wb^ee tki 
matt«*r ptandn. And I a»k/* mhI Mr. Taplry pntatu^ ■ 
cnni'lii<ii«*n. to Mr. Ti»ar, with hi« hat, **anr leilr i^ g^-QlWeeaik 
|vMMvuitnL' ••nlinary Ptr«<ncth ••/ niiml, to mt, wbrlhrr he's a 
diMcr**«*.if«li*-l«i-»kin^ rha)i «»r ni»t I *' 

**lji*t nil* ini|Uirr,** «aiil Martin, int4*rpi«ing bf>Cwi«B tk* 
candid •*|M*«H*h aiiti thr lUliwrv nf rHimp Might ing anathcBe ^ 
Mr. Tigg, "what the amount uf thu deU may beu** 


"In poi^t of money, sir, very little, '' answered Mark. 
"Only just turned of three pounds. But it ain't that; it's 

"Yes, yes, you told us so before," said Martin. "Pinch, 
a word with you." 

" What is it t " asked Tom, retiring with him to a comer of 
the room. 

"Why, simply — I am ashamed to say — that this Mr. 
Slyme is a relation of mine, of whom I never heard anything 
pleasant; and that I don't want him here just now, and think 
he would be cheaply got rid of, perhaps, for three or four 
pounds. You have n't enough money to pay this bill, I sup- 

Tom shook his head to an extent that left no doubt of his 
oitire sincerity. 

"That's unfortunate, for I am poor too; and in case you 
had bad it, I 'd have borrowed it of you. But if we told this 
landlady we would see her paid, I suppose that would answer 
the same purpose t " 

"Oh dear, yes! " said Tom. "She knows me, bless you! " 

"Then, let us go down at once and tell her so; for the 
•ooiier we are rid of their company the better. As you have 
oondncted the conversation with this gentleman hitherto, per- 
haps you '11 tell him what we purpose doing ; will you 1 " 

Mr. Pinch complying, at once imparted the intelligence to 
Mr. Tigg, who shook him warmly by the hand in return, 
assuring him that his faith in anything and everything was 
again restored. It was not so much, he said, for the temporary 
relief of this assistance that he prized it, as for its vindication 
of the high principle that Nature's Nobs felt with Nature's 
Nobs, and that true greatness of soul sympathised with true 
greatness of soul all the world over. It proved to him, he 
said, that like him they admired genius, even when it was 
eoupled with the alloy occasionally visible in the metal of his 
friend Slyme ; and on behalf of that friend he thanked them, 
aa warmly and heartily as if the cause were his own. Being 
eat short in these speeches by a general move towards the 
■lurs, he took possession at the street-door of the lapel of Mr. 
Pinch's coat, as a security against further interruption; and 
entertained that gentleman with some highly improving dis- 

TOf«. I. 

114 un Am ADTurrnm or 

ooaiM until they reached the Dregoo, whithtf .thij «■• 
doeely folluwed if Mark and the new pupiL 

The rosy hoiieM acarcely needed Mr. Pinch'e woid ■• a 
praliminary to the releane at her two Yiaiton^ of whoa aht vat 
ghul to be rid on any terma; indeed, their farief detantactt kal 
originated mainly with Hr. Tapltsyp who enterlauMd a wrt 
tutiunal dialike to gvntlemen uut-mt-«lbuwa who flouriahed ca 
falae pretences ; and had conceired a fiarticuUr avetaiiin to Mr. 
Tigg and his friend, aa choice «|wcimena of the aperica. TV 
buaineaa in hand thua easily aettlnl, Mr. I*iiach and 
would have withdrawn immediately , hut for the urgrnt 
tiea of Mr. Tigg that they wuuld allow him the huciav cl 
pivaenting them to his friend Slymr, which were sii rrry dA- 
cult of resistance that, yielding fiartly to theae petmianuas mi 
partly to their own curitwity, they suffered themadTcs to It 
uaheiwl into the prewnce of tliat distinguished gentlenuL 

He WHS hnMMliii^ over tlie remains <»f ymtenU)'* dc^antrt (4 
lirandy, iupI whm cn^np**! in thi* tli«iii}*htfiil cirru|istit»n *4 msk- 

iU)l tl • )i.ltll of ril)^^ n|) tlir top f>f till' UMr With tltf wrt f •< 

of hU tIrtllkill;:•^l.lf«^. \Vri-t( hi*«l uinl fxrl'm ai* ).•• l«k«^l, M; 
SlyiiM* Ihiil ••ii<«* U-m, in hi-* w.iy, tli«* riioiif»t .-f i»w j ^y rrr^ ^ 
putting forth hi^ iiri'tt'n^iiin" UiMly, ai* a ni:in of mtinitr i»> 
and ium*t iiniltiiifit«-il priiniiM-. Thf nti* k-in-tri<li r^-^iiaail* v 
set up an amat«Mir in thi-* il«'}kirtiiirnt of liUfHifMi i« \rM »«^it 
ainl isiMily ^ot to^«'th«*r. .i tri< k t^f t)4i* noM* an*! a « url •f thr 
np HUtlit'imt to roiii|Miiiiiil It toliT.iM«* r>ii««r U'liik: 4in| Sr }<«•> 
viftiofi fur ,inv tAiL**'!!' ^- l^^it ti> t^i* *'^il lioiir tin* f{f •i^t.i 
of tlif <*liu//li-wit trunk. U-inv; \a/\, .mil ill t|iulihr*i f.-r u.y 
r*-k'^ jiiir^Mit, uii'l )i.i\in>; <linj»i|Mt*i| nUt li nifaim an l»r nrr 
|H»<oM'»*«-l^ li.iil f>*rtn.illv «'•> 1.1 )>l I ••))•*• 1 httn^'lf 4.« a pr« f r^M r I 
T.t-tf t»T .1 li\*-lili'-«l . .\n*\ ttii'lin^'. t>«t«<. that Mi^ntrth;!;^ 
inon* ih 111 hi- oil .iiii"t:iit i>f i|ii.iliti< 4tii>n-> aa^ ii<^**M«ar]r U 
mixtain hiiii III till- i.illiit^*. h.i«l •{Ml' kl\ f.tlli-n to hi* {4«««r::t 
Irvi'l, wh»Tf hi* r*t.ii;ii>>l ii><tliiii^' ff lii* oM *• If h':l Ki« lattrt- 
flllni'iM illi'l hi-* hll*-, -ill'l -••lilt-' I t'> h.i\f noi'&>t«tj<r M-|«ralf 

or JijMrl fr<'!ii hi* fri«'n«l Tuv Aii»l n««w ••• ahj«<« t axuI ».* ^*%u- 
ful W.1- 111* - ,it ••ii'f !-«• iii.i':<i!iii, iii<Milint, Uv>Mrly, an*! |r oii 
-^• t\i'M ht- fri«-tpl .Ill'l |».ir.i«:l*'» -t.uflin^ i-r*^ t )«>*)iir Lta^ 
swi<lli-l itit'i .1 M.kii )>y • ••iitr.k*'!. 

"t'hiv," I..I1.1 Mr r»^.v. •lippniK* l*i"» ••«» <*»<• ^•"k, "t' 
(rii'ini Pc^kinitl not U'ln^ at li4iiu<% 1 )ta\i* Brrall(^^i t*ur tn£x&^ 


piece of business with Mr. Pinch and friend. Mr. Pinch and 
friend, Mr. Chevy Slyme — Chiv, Mr. Pinch and friend ! " 

''These are agreeable circumstances in which to be intro- 
duced to strangers," said Chevy Slyme, turning his bloodshot 
eyes towards Tom Pinch. ''I am the most miserable man in 
the world, I believe ! " 

Tom begged he wouldn't mention it; and finding him in 
this condition, retired, after an awkward pause, followed by 
Martin. But Mr. Tigg so urgently conjured them, by coughs 
and signs, to remain in the shadow of the door, that they 
stopped there. 

**I swear," cried Mr. Slyme, giving the table an imbecile 
blow with his fist, and then feebly leaning his head upon his 
hand, while some drunken drops oozed from his eyes, *' that I am 
the wretchedest creature on record. Society is in a conspiracy 
against me. I 'm the most literary man alive. I 'm full of 
•cbolarship; I 'm full of genius; I 'm full of information; I 'm 
full of novel views on every subject ; yet look at my condition ! 
I 'm at this moment obliged to two strangers for a tavern bill ! " 

Mr. Tigg replenished his friend's glass, pressed it into his 
hand, and nodded an intimation to the visitors that they would 
see him in a better aspect immediately. 

" Obliged to two strangers for a tavern bill, eh ? " repeated 
Mr. Slyme, after a sulky application to his glass. "Very 
pretty ! And crowds of impostors, the while, becoming famous : 
men who are no more on a level with me than — Tigg, I take 
you to witness that I am the most persecuted hound on the 
face of the earth." 

With a whine, not unlike the cry of the animal he named 
in its lowest state of humiliation, he raised his glass to his 
mouth again. He found some encouragement in it; for when 
he set it down, he laughed scornfully. Upon that Mr. Tigg 
gesticulated to the visitors once more, and with groat expres- 
sion, implying that now the time was come when they would 
see Chiv in his greatness. 

"Ha, ha, ha!" laughed Mr. Slyme. "Obliged to two 
strmngers for a tavern bill! Yet I think I've a rich uncle, 
Tigg, who could buy up the uncles of fifty strangers? Have 
I, or have I not! I come of a gooil family, I believe? I)o 
ly or do I not ? I'm not a man of common capacity or accom- 
pUdunents, I think. Am I, or am I not ? " 

116 upi AND ADmmn or 

"Too are the Amaricui akw of the hnwui mo% mj 
Chiv/' iiid Mr. Tig^ "whkh only fatoooM oaee la e hamkNi 

*«Ha, h% he! " kaghed Mr. Slyme a^^iiL ""OfaUfed to tm 
etrengen for e Uvem bill! I! Obliged to two eidulect*^ 
epprentieee — feUown who meaiiurv eerth with iron c 
build houiee like bnckUyere. Give me the niiiiee of 
two epprenticM. How dare they oblige me! ** 

Mr. Tigg wv quite loet in edmiration of thie noble tiait ■ 
his friend's clianu*ti*r ; m he made known to Mr. I*inrh in a aurt 
little Inllet of artion, •|iontanroiiiily inTenlrd for the pofpoK. 

"I'll let Vm know, and I'll let all men know,** crwd 
Chevy Slyme, "tliat I 'm none of the mean, gnivelltaib taB> 
eharacten they me«*t with commonly. I have an indtfwndl 
apirit I have a heart tliat awpUii in my bosom. 1 haw • 
aoul that riMcH ftiificrinr to Iniie rouMderati^mii. ** 

'MHi, <*hiv, riiiv,** niunnurcd Mr. Tigg, "you lisve a t^<Uj 
inib*iH>ii<lfiit lutiin*. Diiv!** 

"Yi'U p- .iii'l ■!•• \i»»ir «luty, hir." naid Mr SlTTn»» An*:r.i:. 
"aiitl Uirr<M iim>ii« \ fur tr.iVfllin^' rxfii'UM'n, aii>l ^^■•■\«ri •. 
borrifw it t*f. lit fm kii>>w that I |HkvM*fui .1 h.-i>i^hty *{>ir: «:•! 
a proiiil spirit, .iitl h.w* iiifiTii.iUy tindy-tiiu* h««l 'If-ri* i.m r.i 
natun*, w)iii li unu't )>ri->k {utriii^tu'c 1^* y<'U li*-4i f T-*.. 
'••m I«' '••III. Jinii "t tin* w.iy I prt^ rv*- my wlf 
rf*ii|wM*t . uml t«'ll *iiu IP' mnii «-\«-r r«-|a-<-t«^i tuiuB«I( :» r« 
tluin I .1m!" 

Hi' iitiu'lit KiVf niMiil that In* lut***! t«ii» t*r\'* *4 n'.rn — sll 

th**H4« uli'iili-l l.iiii f.iv.-'ir-, :ili*l .ill !li"»«* wl,.i wiff U'ttrr '^ 
thuii liiiii**-lf . :i* ill •■'.till r r.iM> tlit-ir |i>*-it]<'ii wci* «ri in**.It *•' 
• 111.111 ••{ 111- f<tii;Hn.l..'). iiiirito. Ii'it In- 'li'l ii<>t . f-r tb* 

•pi •I'^iii;^ wttpl- .il-.\i' r«-i i!«"l, Mr .^lyiii*' f l.«i l«v.:^f:i 

a iktoiii.ii'li t«t t«>>rk. t'> )m ^, \,t Uirr«>«\ ^r tt* -tf^I ft ^mz 
f*n*»u^li l«i \m* Mi>rk*->1 i«r U-rr- •««■*!, }«'^'u'»"«l **t i»t*l»ii f«»r, }*% ta? 
rat^imw w«<'.:M -•r\*- hm t'lrii . !«•«• him. hut t*> li-k thr 
han«l ff«I hiia 111 ill- ii*i<l, yi t •-•.ir ••nt>n;;h %** Intr %n*\ t#«r 
it ill lh«* dark —with th<-M> .ipt «l>nink' iii"r<ls Mr SUm* UW 
forward With hi«« h« u|i>>ii lh«* ti)>|r, .id*! •** tltilmf^i mu* • 
•oddrii lili'fji. 

"Wa* thrn* ••\«*r, " rrit-l Mr Tu*c i»iniii>: th«» TnuniZ m*« 
al the lidiir, 4iiti nhultiii^ It rari'fiilly (■•IhtkI him, ***>jcb ta 
inde|H*ii«ic<iit i>|iiril m* 10 i^t mn ytt^l liy ntrsurxlinary .- 




tnref Was there ever such a Eoman as our friend GhivY 
Was there ever a man of such a purely classical turn of 
thought, and of such a toga-like simplicity of nature? Was 
there ever a man with such a flow of eloquence t Might he 
not, gents hoth, I ask, have sat upon a tripod in the ancient 
times and prophesied to a perfectly unlimited extent, if previ- 
ously supplied with gin-and- water at the public cost ? " 

Mr. Pinch was about to contest this latter position with his 
usual mildness, when, observing that his companion had already 
gone downstairs, he prepared to follow him. 
You are not going, Mr. Pinch ? " said Tigg. 
Thank you," answered Tom. "Yes. Don't come down," 
Do you know that I should like one little word in private 
with you, Mr. Pinch ? " said Tigg, following him. " One 
minute of your company in the skittle-ground would very 
much relieve my mind. Might I beseech that favour ? " 

"Oh, certainly," replied Tom, "if you really wish it." So 
he accompanied Mr. Tigg to the retreat in question, on arriv- 
ing at which place that gentleman took from his hat what 
teemed to be the fossil remains of an antediluvian pocket- 
handkerchief, and wiped his eyes therewith. 

"You have not beheld me this day," said Mr. Tigg, "in a 
favourable light." 

"Don't mention that," said Tom, "I beg." 

"But you have wo^" cried Tigg. "I must persist in that 
opinion. If you could have seen me, Mr. Pinch, at the head 
of my regiment on the coast of Africa, charging in the form of 
a hollow square with the women and children and the regi- 
mental plate-chest in the centre, you would not have known 
me for the same man. You would have respected me, sir." 

Tom had certain ideas of his own upon the subject of glory; 
and consequently he was not quite so much excited by this 
picture as Mr. Tigg could have desired. 

"But no matter!" said that gentleman. "The school-boy 
writing home to his parents and describing the milk-and-water, 
•ftid ' This is indeed weakness. ' I re})cat that assertion in 
foference to myself at the present moment, and I ask your 
pardon. Sir, you have seen my friend Slyme 1 " 

"No doubt," said Mr. Pinch. 

** Sir, you have been impressed by my friend Slyme ? " 

"Not very pleasantly, I must say," answered Tom, after a 
little hesitation. 


" I am grieTcd but not sorpriMd^** cried Mr. Ti^ 
him by both Upela, "to hear that joa hare eoow to Ikl 
eondtuion ; for it ia my own. Bot| Mr. Pineh. thoofk I « 
a rough aiid thoughtlena man, I can honour Mind. I 
Mind in following my frieniL To you of all man. Mr. 
I have a right to make apiwal on Mind'a behalf, whio it bi 
not the art to punh ita fortune in the worhL And ao^ w~ 
not for mywlf, who have mi claim upon you, but for mf 
crushed, my mnnitivu and independent friend, who hm-^l 
aak the loan of three half-crowns. I aak y«m for the k«B d 
three half-cniwiui, diiitinctly, and without a Muah. 1 aak it* 
almost as a right Ami wlien I a«ld that they will be tii a mrf 
by poet, this week, I feel that you will blame me for Ikl 
sordid sti|mlation. ** 

Mr. I*inrh t«Mik fmm hiM pocket an old-fsshiooed md-lsilhtf 
purse with a st4^*l-rlaft|i, which hail pnil«hly once belooipd %• 
his d«*rf*aM'«| ^iiiiliu<ith«*r. It lii'M luie half-Mirrrrign saJ ft. 
mori*. AH Tum*'* Wiirl<lly wtMlth until iirxt t|usrtrr-«UT 

"St.iy ! *' «rii-«i Mr. TiuV. «)»•• lii'l*h»-.| thi* )t-*^:.-* 
k«*i<tily. "I w.i-* ju^l .i]*nit t.i M.iv, f'»r tli«» •■.•i»\«:;i#:.-r * 
|ii»<«tiiii^ VitM hill U'ltiT m.ik*' tt \i**h\. Thank \*»'i \ j^Ti^'x. 
•Iir«*rtii»ii. 1 ^•lJ.|»..-..•, tn Mr. Pimh, at Mr, PtHk-iuff • — ■- 
that tiixl y«iM t ** 

••That 11 tiifl luf,*' -iii.l T'»in. "ViHi h.iil Utt.-r ;.':t !> 
quin* to Mr. IVi-k-ntM'-* iiiiiii\ if yi*u |>li*.bM\ Ihrrw-t b* bv, 
yiMi ki»"W, .it S«-th I'l'i-k-'iiilf '•. K-|nirf. " 

"At S-lh l*«Mk-mir\ K-Mi'iin-,"' r<-|HMt«tl Mr. Ti^, IaKis^ 

.III «<X.|i t li>ti- of it, with ii. ttiiliili ••! |M-liril. ** \Vr MAjil \La 

wi'i'k, 1 )»-li.\.- ' " 

** V'-" ' "T M-ii'liy will 'I'/* i'^PM-rvitl T««iii. 

*'N«, li", I U V' > 'ir jMpl 'ii. M'*ii<l.iy will n^t d«\" •; i 
Mr. Tuv- "If w -tn.:Iii..| f..r thi« wri-k, S^tunUr u l^ 
Ut«*Ml .1 iv I>: I wi- -tip'ilit- f..r llii* w«»'k ! " 

"Siiiif' y.i'i .irt' -.» pirtii'iLir .iU«ut it," miiI T-'iii, "I Xk:zX 
Wf «ii>l " 

Mr Tip!.; k lli'l thi-i r'>n«liti>fi t*t hi« ni«'ni«irmriilnm: fv*l thr 
'•iitry '\«'r \» h!iu-«lf with .i •tviri- fri»wii. aiv\ that thr lr«c.*> 
•rtioii !M^*ht }«- l)i«* ui'*T** i'>'rr<-i-t .iifl hM*iiii«*9»^-lik»*, apjw^^M 
his iiiittiN t • th<< wh'l'- il'itf-. h** a^urr<i Mr l^a"h 
that fVtT) tiling wi^ iiiiw {H-rft-iily n-^.ilar; anil, after •quroti^ 
his han«l with grt>at fi*rv«>ur, ilr|>Art«*d. 


Tom entertained enough suspicion that Martin might possi- 
bly torn this interview into a jest, to render him desirous to 
avoid the company of that young gentleman for the present. 
With this view he took a few turns up and down the skittle- 
ground, and did not re-enter the house until Mr. Tigg and his 
friend had quitted it, and the new pupil and Mark were watch- 
ing their departure from one of the windows. 

''I was just a saying, sir, that if one could live by it,'' 
observed Mark, pointing after their late guests, "that would 
be the sort of service for me. Waiting on such individuals as 
them would be better than grave-digging, sir.'' 

"And staying here would be better than either, Mark," 
replied Tom. "So take my advice, and continue to swim 
easily in smooth water." 

"It's too late to take it now, sir," said Mark. "I have 
broke it to her, sir. I am off to-morrow morning. " 
"Off!" cried Mr. Pinch, "where to?" 
"I shall go up to London, sir." 
"What to be I" asked Mr. Pinch. 

"Well! I don't know yet, sir. Nothing turned up that 
diy I opened my mind to you, as was at all likely to suit mo. 
AH them trades I thought of was a deal too joUy; there was 
no credit at all to be got in any of 'em. I must look for a 
private service, I suppose, sir. I might be brought out strong, 
perbaps, in a serious family, Mr. Pinch." 

"Perhaps you might come out rather too strong for a serious 
ftmily's taste, Mark." 

"That 's possible, sir. If I could get into a wicked family, 
I might do myself justice: but the diflficulty is to make sure 
of one's ground, because a young man can't very well adver- 
tise that he wants a place, and wages ain't so much an object 
•• a wicked sitivation ; can he, sir ? " 
"Why, no," said Mr. Pinch, "I don't think he can." 
"An envious family," pursued Mark, with a thoughtful 
«tt; "or a quarrelsome family, or a malicious family, or even 

• good out-and-out mean family, would open a field of action 

• I might do something in. The man as would have suited 
^ of all other men was that old gentleman as was took ill 
■■•b for he really was a trying customer. Howsever, I must 
Hit aad see what turns up, sir ; and hope for the worst. " 

*Toa are determined to go thent " said Mr. Pinch. 

ia gDM alnmAy, ait, hf ihm wigoo, mti I 

t in t4>-iBarra«r moRUug, akd gM • lift bj Um d^ 

■ il orataliM m». bo I wuh yua goMl-bf, 

jriMi lu<H lU^ — BitdftO fnod htckMid bNppni 

It ratunwd baa frMtiag iHgUaglx, awl « 

h«niii Mr. nadh fmiHitl^ lo Ua m* bkwl « 

ueh (urtbir fuiiaima of llia^ l^plagr'a vl 

. M tba rwW k alnwd; aw|Bdrtart vilK. 

maaa Unw Mark, hariaf « alnaml Mltaa Ihal hk 

la in vwrj kiw aiMrila, aiiil tkat ha talil «•• 

Iba qoaaayi— qaa e< wqr lai^hMWil f*a-A-tAa il 

pk Unadf obalbaldr unk o( bar w^ att tU •IW' 

.vaDlait. 1« lUa pfaea of |iiiiiilill|i ba ra i^ 

dUd tqr lb* KKst i&llia uf w—fy lBk> Uw lir 

tba rntwi of bta iBlvnUua ^vl^ pM alnwl, tbaa 

—.•iect OttiJBg tiwta all Uw araaiins, and nacb ^riakiBt 

« iiaailha ami clinking vl inopk >t lMi0b tba bn«B «w 

doaed for Iba nigbt; and tbaia fawic now no balp far M, Mat 

put the tmat (am k« ojuld ii|ub tbo BMtlar, and waOnJ d^ 

gedljr tu tba faaf-door. 

•■If 1 l.»k at )i<-r.- Mid Mark 1» bim-oU, "I '■ duM I 
faal that I 'u guiii(i fut." 

"You bare ouiuc at lart," taid Mnt Luptu. 
Aj, Hark aaiil, tliprv tio waa. 

"And jruu an dvt4?riuincd to leave at, Mark," criad Mt>. 

" Why, yet; I am," aaid Mark ; kreptng hU tjoa bafd vpon 
the fluur. 

"1 tttoufiht," pur«urd tlio Unilladj, with a mtmt iiata|tiii( 
heaiUlion, "that you )uh1 U-t-n — f uud — uf the Ur^anf* 
"S> I ■tn,--ui.) Mark. 

"Tht-ii," imnui-.! Ihr hu>t«M — and il really wm mat m 
imnatunl imiuir; — " why d<> juu d»errt il t " 

Itut a* lie K**e '■» mannrr u( aiuwrr lo thi* qaMtitm, Mt 
rvm on ita Irinii; rrjirat^d, Mr*. Lupiit put bu nuocj into hm 
lia»l, ainl >*kr<l hiu — nut unkimllj, i|uit« tba 
wliat \.r would Uk<-. 

[t ia |irri\Ftl<i*l that thrn an crrtain tbinit* wbtch 
U>u>l raiinot )rar. Such a i|Un«tt<«i aa thti, 
audi • tuuinrr, aX auch a timr, and by auch a 
(at laa^ aa far aa Mark'a Beab and Uuud 


"be one of them. He looked up in spite of himflelf directly ; 
and having once looked up, there was no looking down again ; 
lor of all the tight^ plump, buxom, bright-eyed, dimple-faced 
landladies that ever shone on earth, there stood before him 
then, bodily in that bar, the very pink and pine-apple. 

''Why, I tell you what," said Mark, throwing off all his 
constraint in an instant^ and seizing the hostess round the 
waist — at which she was not at all alarmed, for she knew 
what a good young man he was — ''if I took what I liked 
most, I should take you. If I only thought of what was best 
lor me, I should take you. If I took what nineteen young 
fellows in twenty would be glad to take, and would take at 
any price, I should take you. Yes, I should," cried Mr. 
Tapley, shaking his head, expressively enough, and looking (in 
a momentary state of foigetfulness) rather hard at the hostess's 
lipe lips. "And no man would n't wonder if I did! " 

Mrs. Lupin said he amazed her. She was astonished how 
he could say such things. She had never thought it of him. 

" Why, I never thought it of myself till now ! " said Mark, 
raising his eyebrows with a look of the merriest possible sur- 
prise. "I always expected we should part, and never have no 
explanation; I meant to do it when I come in here just now; 
but there 's something about you as makes a man sensible. 
Then let us have a word or two together: letting it be under- 
stood beforehand " — he added this in a grave tone, to prevent 
the possibility of any mistake — "that I'm not a going to 
make no love, you know. " 

There was for just one second a shade — though not by any 
means a dark one — on the landlady's open brow. But it 
passed off instantly, in a laugh that came from her very heart 

"Ob, very good!" she said; "if there is to be no love- 
making, you had better take your arm away." 

"Lord, why should I?" cried Mark. "It's quite inno- 

"Of course it's innocent," returned the hostess, "or I 
shouldn't aUow it." 
'' Very weU ! " said Mark. " Then let it be. " 
Xhere was so much reason in this, that the landlady laughed 
%^in, suffered it to remain, and bade him say what he had to 
^y> and be quick about it. But he was an impudent fellow, 
^^e added 

■X «ak I «•!- «rf HmK *( 

^K «*r. 1 -« "T "Jltaf la 

r -M r» '> f-^ » •!. V I» piaa. ••' la 

^^mi ^ AHfc^ '^K I ««• to ^ to iMi- 

•_• *> ;_ •! am *n.d bMLk— W H 
^ to v«^ M— vkxaM to da UM; 
rfto«»k>v— - 

-Oil ■ •.•mmiUOLlMflm. -Oai'lld 

I to Ito liU;a_i 
^ I II a I la'tkatoMlaali 
• Ito^ Ikv* IM. ■• it to I- l«bpl bt m I 
■ I % ^ toto^ V«7 ^nl Hi* y«i^ « 
I to aln^o tia tal ■ 

MJ l>«S tolMd, «l««f« • I 

» f««tog tw> i4d la> BT lMl>, alwmT* » pidi 

«K l4«tktoialWII'<«UI»>H- 

I u • I 

1 '» alw*^ 

I >iU •• 



She laughed again at this compliment; and once more shak- 
^ him by both hands, and bidding him, if he should ever 
^ant a friend, to remember her, turned gaily from the little 
Ur and up the Dragon staircase. 

"Humming a tune as she goes," said Mark listening, "in 
Qse I should think she 's at all put out^ and should be made 
down-hearted. Come, here 's some credit in being joUy, at 

With that piece of comfort, very ruefully uttered, he went, 
n anything but a joUy manner, to bed. 

He rose early next morning, and was afoot soon after sun- 
ise. But it was of no use; the whole place was up to see 
lark Tapley off — the boys, the dogs, the children, the old 
len, the busy people and the idlers, there they were, all call- 
ttg out "Good-by, Mark," after their own manner, and all 
orry he was going. Somehow he had a kind of sense that his 
Id mistress was peeping from her chamber-window, but he 
ould n't make up his mind to look back. 

"€rood-by one, good-by all!" cried Mark, waving his hat 
n the top of his walking-stick, as he strode at a quick 
ttce up the little street "Hearty chape them wheelwrights 
— hurrah! Here's the butcher's dog a coming out of the 
:arden — down, old fellow! And Mr. Pinch a going to his 
»rgan — good-by, sir ! And the terrier- bitch from over the 
ray — hie, then, lass! And children enough to hand down 
luman nature to the latest posterity — good-by, boys and 
rirU ! Tliere 's some credit in it now. I 'm a coming out 
trrjng at last. These are the circumstances that would try a 
>niinary mind; but I'm uncommon jolly, not quite as joUy 
tf I could wish to be, but very near. Good-by ! good-by I " 

Mc. I'Mkaniff uul Um two fotuif latlita p« fate tti 
ih Kt Uw ciul U llui Uita, iimy fooaul il *m.t»j. «tiA 
r«t coalarti puticslarij w tk« uttt«*jM vw ifoto Ml 

Jmtnmi — mhm ba ud Us ^iwbl» hU ti i>id 
UMir iMt dwp in tha •Usw, wnp|Md ibnMaJrtw to Um rhaik ^ 
palled np bolb wiml.nn — il if alwayi wtUfwt(«7 lo 1ml, m 
kwn w— Ui«r, tinl aatiy uthfir pnci)ili> mr* nut ■» v^fv w y«t 
m. And thu, hn mh), wu ijuito twtunJ, and • *mty taMb- 
(lU amnitemi'Hl ; duI ronlinml k> CMclira, tntl sxtrBdiag AhV 
intu nun; mewl r^iiiliculioru. " Fur" lite utBrriWi, ~il 
•TM7 ua« wrre trann anil wcll-fi-<l, we bIviuM 1-ik Ihr MIWa^ 
tion ul ailniring the fi>rtitu<la with whirh certain C(«i<IiIm«> d 
mma l>(«r cM and huuK>-r. Atxl if we weje do MUt at ikM 
anjbodj i-lse, wLat w.iitld liDCi.nio uf <Nir aeDie td ipilitifa . 
which," aaid Mr. IVkmiitf with (ran in hi> rrea. ■■ be aka>4 
hia li«l at a W^^ar who wanted t<> ifel up behind, "m <■• «l 
the holiiiit ftv'liiii^ ■•[ our oonimun nature." 

Iliit <:liil>lri-ii lieanl with lipc*iminf{ revfrsoee Umm Baal 
Iirr<i'|iU l\f U\m .if thi-ir father, and Ufpuftnl lh>« 
aoiuii'iirrtiri- ill thi- Mmr l.y nniiW That be micht ih* haO* 
fr.-.! .lid <-l>.-n*h tliat w n-1 llane <d Ktatilude in bia braMt, 
Mr. rr.k*nilT n-mark»l that hr «..ul.| triMhle kW atfat 
dau^titiT, rvrii in ihii «ifly utajp- of ihrir jimmeT, l«* tW 
l.n>iidy-)>»til<>. And tnaii th'' namiw neck ol thU atoaa m^ 
he iniKil-'.i a oijiioiii- ri'fnM>)im'nI. 

-\V)i3t irv wri " ui.l Mr. rrckiniir, "bat oiMcbMl 8«W 
of U.M.. .|,,wr.-u:li.-.— •■ 

" < rmalmiui, I'al " iri"! t'luwilj. 

"Some uf ua, 1 aaj," rammed her pwcnt witk imammi 


emphasis, "are slow coaches; some of us are fast coaches. 
Our passions are the horses ; and rampant animals too I — " 

"Really Pa!" cried both the daughters at once. "How 
very unpleasant." 

"And rampant animals too!" repeated Mr. Pecksniff, with 
80 much determination that he may be said to have exhibited, 
at the moment^ a sort of moral rampancy himself; "and Virtue 
is the drag. We start from The Mother's Arms, and we run 
to The Dust Shovel" 

When he had said this, Mr. Pecksniff, being exhausted, 
took some further refreshment. When he had done that, he 
corked the bottle tight, with the air of a man who had effectually 
corked the subject also; and went to sleep for three stages. 

The tendency of mankind when it falls asleep in coaches is 
to wake up cross ; to find its legs in its way, and its corns an 
aggravation. Mr. Pecksniff not being exempt from the com- 
mon lot of humanity, foimd himself, at the end of his nap, so 
decidedly the victim of these infirmities that he had an irre- 
nstible inclination to visit them upon his daughters; which he 
had abready begun to do in the shape of divers random kicks, 
and other unexpected motions of his shoes, when the coach 
stopped, and after a short delay, the door was opened. 

"Now mind," said a thin sharp voice in the dark; "I and 
my son go inside, because the roof is full, but you agree only 
to charge us outside prices. It 's quite understood that we 
won't pay more. Is it ? " 

"All right, sir," replied the guard. 

" Is there anybody inside now ? " inquired the voice. 

"Three passengers," returned the guard. 

"Then I ask the three passengers to witness this bargain, if 
they will be so good, " said the voice. " My boy, I think we 
may safely get in." 

In pursuance of which opinion, two people took their seats 
in the vehicle, which was solemnly licensed by Act of Parlia- 
ment to carry any six persons who could be got in at the door. 

" That was lucky ! " whispered the old man, when they 
moved on again. "And a great stroke of policy in you to 
observe it. He, he, he ! We could n't have gone outside. I 
should have died of the rheumatism ! " 

Whether it occurred to the dutiful son that he had in some 
degree over-reached himself by contributing to the prolongation 

W un XXV Aumnrut or 

»*■ lUjr^ or wImUm* Um eoU ImJ dbrt^ b 
laabtfnL Dot h* givr lu* falbw wck » imV ■ 
Uaat (ogd oU jpinllrrMii waa lakea vtlk k ««^ 
tfd for full Av* minnlM witlmd imina— iw, •* 
PKknlff li> tUt [litdi irf imtaUoa tb» ha ail « 
. .wjr nddaaljr : — 
ii no tiKM ! T1h4* i* nally im> raa« la tU» aiA 
illeiuan with a mUl iu hu lic«il ! " 
' MiJ tW ulil man, aflcr a BiaBMt'a fHHit *li 
ohnat, I'nduBiC" 
.uN* and tnaiiiM', logirUmt mtw UmI b* ifti sali At 
I of Uw tfMku, Um |iri iMM irf kii M^ Mi M 
of Mr. IVknift Honlail ■ da* to hto UirilV 
, -■ tiiiiiMitilii la tnidaliK. 

■ ) I Iboughl," «id Ur. P«<ltM>lff. i««Mni^ M Hi 
I* aiiktimM, "tbal I addrMMl a alnngn. I ftwl ttrf I 
■uiM tM • nUtivB. kir. AuUicMiy ITlittnlcwu awl Ua •« Mc 
JoDM — for thxy, my dev eUldno, w* onr tnmlUaf «*ti» ' 
iona — will rDniae bm for aa «p|«mtlf ImumIi RBvk. life 
nut My <l»iir« to vihukI lbi> frvUufca of anj [m«wb wMk «fca 
I an connocbHJ ui (atiiil; UmiU. 1 ou; la> a llypoait^* ^1 
Ur. IVkaniff ratting)}, "Imt I aw iviit a HraU." 

"Pooh, puuh!" auil Ikr [.UI dmil "ftliat >i|tiitft> ihl 
word, IWlcuiilTf Hyiucnli-! why, or at* all t)t)iDntl^ 
We were all )i>-[i>critni t' otlicr day. I ani *un> I frll UmI to tt 
a);ree<l ii[Nin atimnft tis "^ ' iliunUI n'l havp cftllnl yon <«*. V* 
ahoulil Hot haw t^'li tlii-rr at all, if wp Ka<l Dot baM hyp*- 
rritm. Tlie imly dilTi-n-lici' l>ptwp*n yiiu ami the nat ww — 
■liall I IpII yuu till- Jiffrrrncc lictwern you and the nat a*«, 

"K yii (>lr«jM>. my ri-"! nir; if you plpaaF." 
"Wiiy, \Uf aniioyiti); <(iialily in ym, i^" Mid tlw oU MMk 
"that yoii iwv'i havr a r<>iifnleratc or partnrr in yvvr ji^ 
i;liii|:; VKii w<iiili| di'rt'ivF pvpnliiHly, r^ru tb<«» who prarttw 
iIh- ■uiiiK' art. ainl liav a «av with you, a* if yoa — W, b^ 
),.. ; — M if \-nl rt-nllv )--lifVnl yitunrll. I 'd Uy a r I I II 
w»pT Ti-H-." ui.l tl.p ..1.1 man. "if I laid wat{>-(«. wlwh I 
.loii'l nii'l iii-Vf'T .li'l, lliat Villi k<«|> Up ajipnunno* by a taol 
iin.l.r-Uii.litij!, rvrn Mi'tr own daughtm b««». N«w I, 
• liri, I ),.v.. . Lu-inna M-brmr in Un.l. trll Jonaa wUt tl i^ 
aud vr .liHUiHi it openly. Vuu 'rr nul offended. 


"Offended, my good 8ir! " cried that gentleman, as if he had 
leoeiTed the highest compliments that language could convey. 
"Are yoa travelling to London, Mr. Pecksniffi" asked the 

"Yea, Mr. Jonas, we are travelling to London. We shall 
have the pleasure of your company all the way, I trust 1 " 

"Oh! ecod, you had better ask father that,'' said Jonas. 
''I am not a going to commit myself." 

Mr. Pecksniff was, as a matter of course, greatly entertained 
by this retort. His mirth having subsided, Mr. Jonas gave 
him to understand that himself and parent were in fact travel- 
ling to their home in the metropolis; and that, since the 
memorable day of the great family gathering, they had been 
Urxying in that part of the country, watching the sale of 
certain eligible investments, which they had had in their 
eopaiinership eye when they came down; for it was their 
eostom, ^[r. Jonas said, whenever such a thing was practica- 
ble, to kill two birds with one stone, and never to throw away 
fprmts but as bait for whales. When he had communicated 
to Mr. Pecksniff these pithy scraps of intelligence, he said 
that *'if it was all the same to him, he would turn him over 
to father, and have a chat with the gals;" and in furtherance 
of this polite scheme, he vacated his seat adjoining that gentle- 
man, and established himself in the opposite corner, next to 
the fair Miss Mercy. 

The education of Mr. Jonas had been conducted from his 
cradle on the strictest principles of the main chance. The 
very first word he learnt to spell was "gain," and the second 
<when he got into two syllables), "money." But for two 
results, which were not clearly foreseen perhaps by his watch- 
ful parent in the beginning, his training may be said to have 
been unexceptionable. One of these flaws was, that having 
been long taught by his father to over-reach everj'body, he had 
imperceptibly acquired a love of over- reaching that venerable 
monitor himself. The other, that from his early habits of 
eoDsidering ever}'thing as a question of property, he had grad- 
uaily come to look, with impatience, on liis parent as a certain 
■BOiint of {lersonal estate, which had no right whatever to be 
going at large, but ought to be secured in that particular 
dcMription of iron safe which is commonly called a coffin, and 
lanked in the grave. 


''Well, eourinl" Mid Mr. Jonu — «* 
yoa know, « few timas remoTed — ao yoo 'n gmag to Uft> 

MiM Merry replied in the afArmalirei, pinching her MMr^i 
arm at the nme time, and giggling exoemvely. 

"Lota of hcsaux in liondon, eoiuin!** Mid Mr. Joan^ 
alightly adrancing hia elhow. 

«' Indeed, air!" cried the young lady. "TlM>y wea*t h«l 
oai air, I dare My." And haring given hia thia aawrif 
with great di^murrnnMi, ahe wm m> oTrrcome by her owm h»> 
mourt that ahe wan fain to atifle her menimeftt in her «••«'• 

''Merry/' cried tliat more prudent danuel, **i««Ut I tm 
aahaned of you. How can you go on aot you wild thmg •* 
At which MiM Meiry only laughinJl the mons of eoufwu 

"I MW a wililni'M in li«*r eye, t'other day/* Mid Mr. Jcbm 
ailtln-wtiii^ ("Imrity. 'Mint ytni 'r«> tin* fmr t4> vit aailraa! 1 
Mv — y'Mi wi'r»' n*j:ul:irly prim, <'i*u**ih! " 

•'Oh* Til*' nli|-f.i-lii«iiii'il fn^'lil!" rri«il Mfir^-, i» » »:.> 
|>«'r. '*<'h<Trv, rny «!•• ir, ii|h>ii my wnnl vmh tnu*! -.t :.'i: 
him. I -h.tll ill*- «»iitri;:)it if In* t.ilk* t*i m** :iri% m^n* I •^^« 
|ii»-ilivrly I ** T" i»t«\«rit wliii li f; • '■ii-tM|iiiH' t . t^i- *•: tkri 
rnMturr fkipj""! «»ut "f Imt *••«! .v -!»•• -iN.k*', nt\*[ ••j"j«^-i»*i \j^ 
Ni-li*r iiitii thf i»l.i<-«* fr«m wlii« h ^Im* )ijI'1 mm-h. 

**Ifc»irt tniii'l rr-w-liiiu' III'-. *' <'ii..i Mr .!"Ma«. "1 lik* ^ 

•*N", tliiiik \'"t. -ir/* -i:-! rii.irjtv. 

•*TK»rt-- tK,t iitluT ••ii«- :i l-injjliiii;^* ni:nin." *aii| Mr. J «ep 
*'«■}»*•'- .1 I r:."!i:Ti;; it !i:\ fitli^r, I -hi")i>l n't w..n.i.r If h* 
)>'it- <•!! \\. v\ • !I t! iii:.« 1 ni^'tit ■• .i)« 'if lii«. I •li-ti't kn -« w^ 
.-)i«' 11 ■!•■' I- !iiit !ii\ fithi-r a »it*<riiik'. I**** k •!»:!! I " 

•V.-, Mr .I.M- " 

"Tr-'i'l k;- ii I.I- f ■•!, Will V'l'i U' ••• iji.-l!" *<kiA th^ ri^sv 

p'll!l«!ll in. *■ ri|f f— ■? !!• \l >-i'| *• t|l«' ;:n'StV Ml,. 

Mr V' K •;•:! Ii»-!tif! j t-. i-irf-rtu tin* fri«-ii'llT "rtjcr, Mr 
•T"tii- A 1 i! Ii:!ii-i If it IJii' - i?iii' tmii- t r^ jnc — 

aii-1 -«:••■). ;»ij ■■•:!. / kn-'W. l^* \"'i txrr hn** X)ir titctA-»-. •• ■.•■.•: ■ " lit- i'k«"i 111- ii« :/!.*• -ir, «ii)i • )iAr»rtrri*t£( c^ 
laxilrv. I- *•■ i* '•••-••1 li> V"i-t' i/iiii 

•*S.!iH iiuii -, ■■ .ui^wi-f^l ri»irit\. "Ni'l oftrn.- 


"The other one," said Mr. Jonas, after a pause. ''Does 
the ever have the nightmare f " 

'^I don't know," replied Charity. "You had better ask 

**She laughs so,'' said Jonas, "there's no talking to her. 
hdv hark how she 's a going on now ! You 're the sensible 
ne, cousin!" 

'*Tut, tut!" cried Charity. 
Oh ! But you are ! You know you are ! " 
Mercy is a little giddy," said Miss Charity. "But she'll 
[>ber down in time." 

^It '11 be a very long time, then, if she does at all," rejoined 
cr cousin. "Take a little more room." 

"I am afraid of crowding you," said Charity. But she took 
t notwithstanding; and after one or two remarks on the ex- 
leme heaviness of the coach, and the number of places it 
topped at, they fell into a silence which remained unbroken 
IT any member of the party until supper-time. 

Although Mr. Jonas conducted Charity to the hotel and sat 
limself beside her at the board, it was pretty clear that he had 
n eye to " the other one " also, for he often glanced across at 
fercT, and seemed to draw comparisons between the personal 
ppearance of the two, which were not unfavorable to the 
uperior plumpness of the younger sister. He allowed himself 
lo great leisure for this kind of observation, however, being 
wsily engaged with the supper, which, as he whispered in his 
lir companion's ear, was a contract business, and therefore the 
lore she ate the better the bargain was. His father and Mr. 
Wkuniff, probably acting on the same wise principle, demol- 
die«l everything that came within their reach, and by that 
iean!» acc^uired a greasy expression of countenance, indicating 
Ddtentment, if not repletion, which it was very pleasant to 

\Mien they could eat no more, Mr. Pecksniff and Mr. Jonas 
ibscriljed for two sixpenny worths of hot brandy-and- water, 
^faieh the latter gentleman considered a more politic order than 
■e shilling's worth ; there being a chance of their getting more 
pint out of the innkeeper under this arrangement than if it 
mK9 all in one glass. Having swallowed his share of the 
fdhrening fluid, Mr. I'ecksniff, under pretence of going to see 
I the eoich were ready, went secretly to the bar, and had his 

■ ■ ■ Mark ii aM <l a> ■ 
Mb^ I <• ad kac» W« II ^ 

I 1 

• II 


wtlh »hkb <M k*r* 07 •»!««« 
IteM M if I WM iUa^t % paUk • 

^mK «^ ill bif a-iAir Neb « k«^- Mi ik i^ 

vttfc uii^birfto iMiJOTiifc "Md kaov ikrt I ^ <kwft 
tfcat in tlM hi» rf JiJiJ bf lb* Mfa «««b m I 

nM>Wart>V to RJ Kiwll " 

Aj oKlhl^ oMld hi Mldid la lUa, nil Kg w W 
Hf I-*ek«ilf. aHllia» H Mf W |i 11 I m kv 
ntililT. vert to abip atp^X- 

Tlie rp*t of t)t>> niKlit *nre awaj in Um luiul ananrt. 
Perk*nilT idiI Oli) Antlxmr krpt tumUitiii »niiM( f«-h 
ufl waking up tnuch trmhnl, or rnubnl ihrir h#«iii> m 
tite omrrm of t>f oach kuil ■traafrl? UtL-nl the ».:r1 
thrir (•«■ — H'-Mi-n kiv>w. bow — m tbfir .Wp Ti* 
•topiml uwl wf>nl on, an<l w-ht on ftn>l >t-i{i[ml. titom 
nurnVr. I'ami-tigpr* icil ii|) uul paaarni^n (tot <i >wi 
fmah tmnni ramp un-l went mmI cune atnin, <hlb acuw 
iiiti-rt-al Ivtwpf-n Par)) tram •■ it a^enwil b> tban* «b- 
H'lfidK. •ikI with a K*!' "f ■ wbole niftht l>rlw»»n pt»tt 
it aectiMd t» tlKMf who witp bruMl awake. At Ira^ 
)»lt«n \a Jolt anil nimUp orrr hoiriUy unrTni •tnon. ac 
I'nckaniff looking out of wimlow aaiil it wa« to-u-Truw 
ii^ uhI tbpy werr thiTP. 

Very rBion kftrrwanU ihr natrh utoppeil at ike nAre 
rily, anil the atrt^t in whirh it wa* ■itualfl wm alrv^J 
tuiitle that fully Uitr mit Mr. I'rfkuiiff'i wta^ aUi 
faninit momitiK, thmitth fir anr ^ititit uf <Ur tet ap(r«r 
the ikr it nuttht havp lirvn ini<)ni((ht. Thrrr wm a <irtt 
too. — aa i( it wpre a city in the <-lou<la, which Ih^ h^ 
travelling to all nighl up a magic Iwamtalk, — and a ihtcl 


^pm the payement like oil-cake; which, one of the outsides 
~ no douht) said to another (his keeper, of course), was 


Taking a confused leave of Anthony and his son, and leay- 
the luggage of himself and daughters at the office to be 

led for afterwards, Mr. Pecksniff, with one of the young 

ies under each arm, dived across the street, and then across 

^r streets, and so up the queerest courts, and down the 

Lgest alleys and under the blindest archways, in a kind of 

now skipping over a kennel, now running for his life 

>m a coach and horses; now thinking he had lost his way, 
thinking he had found it ; now in a state of the highest 

ifidence, now despondent to the last degree, but always in a 

it perspiration and flurry ; until at length they stopped in 

kind of paved yard near the Monument. That is to say, 
[r. Pecksniff told them so; for as to anything they could see 
jof the Monument, or anything else but the buildings close at 
Widf they might as weU have been playing blind man's buff 
at Salisbury. 

Mr. Pecksniff looked about him for a moment, and then 
knocked at the door of a very dingy edifice, even among the 
choice collection of dingy edifices at hand; on the front of 
which was a little oval board, like a tea-trav, with this inscrip- 
tion — "Commercial Boarding- House : M. Todgers." 

It seemed that M. Todgers was not up yet, for ^Ir. Peck- 
miff knocked twice and rang thrice, without making any 
impre8sion on anything but a dog over the way. At last a 
chain and some bolts were withdrawn with a rusty noise, as if 
the weather had made the very fastenings hoarse, and a small 
boy with a large red head, and no nose to speak of, and a very 
dirty Wellington boot on his left arm, appeared; who (being 
•arprised) rubbed the nose just mentioned with the back of a 
iboe- brush, and said nothing. 

" Still abed, my man ? " asked Mr. Pecksniff. 

"StiU abed! " replied the boy. "I wish they wos still abed. 
They're very noisy abed; all calling for their boots at once. 
I thought you was the Paper, and wondered why you did n't 
Aore yourself through the grating as usual. What do vou 

Considering his years, which were tender, the youth may }ye 
irid to have preferred this question sternly, and in something 

Ltn AMR Apmrmia or 

uaibnp Mt Ilia l»«hi)|i, pul * tmnl La kU lMad,fl 
Uko that up (tatn, ami ahow t]i«m in I 
rtHMB w>H-ni IImk «nu a fir*. 

"I)t tf tlim'* iNM LB the Mdl 

Mitlt. " I MB find It mr-rU. " 80 tM M bb d 
»ul w«iltOK ('<( auj furtbitf iiitn>ilHcti«M, loin • i 
Itruuad flixT, wImxv n LaUt^Jntii (ratbtf « ligU « 
in rvfer^TK-r l» thr talila it r<itpml) «■• mIthmIj 
tewkf**), <Ii*)iUyii)i( • iut4[1itjr iliali <rf pink boil 
tliAt isrlKuIu rtyl* 

if m|a uui ■ 

liwuiic lb» (itoiIm 1 

, uul the n 
> ImU-Oomo I 

bduta, dC rwHMw •itwi, ju«t dnuMd ud I 
u|iwuil 111 dry ; aoit • («» irf aluMt Um 
wltirh WM qImUuh) — iu *[nrt, il wovU 1 
tl«Bw(i wh<> bad alipfwd ilimo (or Uw i 
tmlnt, anil gotw u|) ngun — "jRokliw'a I'm 
dtb«r oiLtUlnl a akctch iit pcutUa, claJwi^ I 
«( J«nkiH hiisarU. 

M. Totiftn'a OnuMRwl |lnanltii|-llaiiai> 1 
llMl ««t which WM lilwlx to la- tUrk al uj I 
UMniitii it »w wpKiaUjr dark. Thm> ««• ■ 
tha pw««>, M U tha aaanalnilnl ■««»«• <4 t 
thai hMl Wn ooolMd in tha kiia>»> « 
hntiaml at th» lop u( tha UlehMi ■Utr* to UmI I 
tha lUack Friar in Don JuMi, "onuhln't W 1 
U particular, thara waa • aatwi i wi ol eshUaai 
(t«M>a that had afar laaa fauiUl that* wmv ■ 


of man. It was very black, begrimed, and mouldy. 
jknd at the top of the staircase was an old, disjointed, rick- 
ety, ill-faTomed skylight, patched and mended in all kinds of 
ways, which looked distrustfully down at everything that 
pflflsed below, and covered Todgers's up as if it were a sort of 
human cucumber-frame, and only people of a peculiar growth 
were reared there. 

Mr. Pecksniff and his fair daughters had not stood warming 
themselves at the fire ten minutes, when the sound of feet was 
heard upon the stairs, and the presiding deity of the establish- 
ment came hurrying in. 

M. Todgers was a lady — rather a bony and hard-featured 
bdy — with a row of curls in front of her head, shaped like 
little barrels of beer; and on the top of it something made of 
D0t, — you couldn't call it a cap exactly, — which looked like 
a black cobweb. She had a little basket on her arm, and in it 
a bundi of keys that jingled as she came. In her other hand 
she bore a flaming tallow candle, which, after surveying Mr. 
Feduniff for one instant by its light, she put down upon the 
table, to the end that she might receive him with the greater 

**Mr. Pecksnifi^" cried Mrs. Todgers. "Welcome to Lon- 
don ! Who would have thought of such a visit as tliift, after so 
— dear, dear ! — so many years ! How do you do, Mr. Peck- 
miff t" 

"As well as ever; and as glad to see you as ever," Mr. 
Pecksniff made response. "WTiy, you are younger than you 
used to be!" 

" You are, I am sure! " said Mrs. Todgers. "You 're not a 
bit changed. "" 

" ^Vhat do you say to this ? " cried Mr. Pecksniff, stretching 
oat his hand towards the young ladies. "Does this make me 
DO older?'' 

"Not your daughters I" exclaimed the lady, raising her 
hands and clasping them. " Oh, no, Mr. Pcckt^nitf ! Your 
neaod, and her bridesmaid ! " 

Mr. Pecksniff smiled complacently ; shook his liead ; and said, 
"My daughters, >Irs. Todgers; merely my daughters." 

"Ah!" sighed the good lady, "I must believe you, for now 
I look at 'em I think I should have known 'em anywhere. My 
Pecksniffs, how happy your pa has made me ! " 

loid Ihm both; «ad Imui« fcjr tUt tia» «««y«i 

Tnmr ITT IliT Iiir1-T] — J •-* "- ^~i. }— *— ' - 

UMUwrditaf owl «f tfa» UUU bwlut. Md appAa 
Mr kee. 

, mj gooH raMtatu," wd Mr. pM^ati^ "I ksM 
|ruw ■■UUUliiiMiDl, an J UmI j an a«] j noitv* f 
ilnM. Bill It (Mouml U* tarn, wbM 1 Ml kw^ 
•4a wonM glv* nqr dMghlMi Iw— miw, «id aii 
ft in Ihrir fa*Mir.'* 
dupil " criMl Mn. Todflvn eaUtwallr. " Vmhaf 

X mat WT, U.-i>, tl.ut I V.U .i:r.' ..<„ .-iM.-' mU 

-til.' "i know tlHl TOO bBva « tlttla mom «« ygw 
'^ thajrian t» eanforiaUa thm, wttboKt sppwi 
nl tabic" 

Mrgiibl''Hidllii.Tods«i. -Imnrttakcltell 

a mora." 

Mn. Todgen niMnt I17 thu that tbm rnvml •nfarM* tbaa 
Btotr, which she •oronlinnty did, with iirMt udoar. Bm 
truth wu that, the ItiiuM- )«in)( full with ihs eirT|4vw " 
h«l. which w..uM I...W \m >Knt\n«\ l>r Mr. I'erkml 
wantnl titiip f<ir r<iiii>iil<'rat)<m: »inl "> nmrh timr. imii 
wa* a knirttj |Hiint how to difl|*iiM ■>( thrm), that rrrm 
Ulia •kvihI Ptulmco wa* ovpt Hhv atmiil fur mitar ni<>nM«U 
ing at the aiBtrrM, with aff«^ii>n Imuninti in «nf> ryr ami 1 
Uti»n ihiniutt out i>( ihr other. 

"I think I know Ihiw U>arTBn|i<i- it," nid Mrm. T.-lf* 
It-ngih. "A H>fa InUtoail in thr liltir thinl riHitu whirh 
fhHii niv I'wii ]>arhiiir — iih, ymi ilp«r prUI" 

Th<'ri-ii)iiiti 'ho rnilirai'iHl thf-m imn- mnrv, otaprrirttt thi 
n>til-l ii^'t •h-<-i<lp whirh wnn m<wt likr thrir |iiii<r in.4h«-r n 
WB» hikflilv |>r«)ahl<-. HvinK that ib* ha>l iH-*<-r WhtM 
lailv). Ixit tliat shi' ntlipr thiniuhl the y<itintK«t wa*. aD<l 
■hi' Mi-l thnt n» tlir KriillpMitti w.uiM he ilown •lin^tlT. aa 
ladii-' wi-n- ratit,-iiiil with travi'llin^-, wuul<l Xhey *^r■^^ ml 

II uuK oil Ihr •uitiin fl'>>r. l-'iiiK. in rart, th«> Wk {» 
aiii u Mr-. T-L-<-n< -ai<l. th<- h-n-al xlrantafr* on I>< 
.>f r. I ).iii»- .».rl-.k«l: a. Ih.-r wouM •«*. wbm ih 
.■].-it.-.i yi..t wj- Ihi* a «>it>ulon<m« (■«< f.« il 
tiMii I'-'l, at ■ |>-r-|n-(it'- of two Ui-l, a lirowD wall with a 
ciftriti uu iLc tu)i. Tho aln')iiii|{ ajartturiil iliaijnail b 


Gang ladies was approached from this chamber by a mightily 
nnvenient little door, which would only open when fallen 
igainsi by a strong person. It commanded from a similar point 
of sight another angle of the waU and another side of the cis- 
tern. ''Not the damp side," said Mrs. Todgers. ''That is 
Mr. Jenkins's." 

In the first of these sanctuaries a fire was speedily kindled 
by the youthful porter, who whistling at his work in the absence 
of Mrs. Todgers (not to mention his sketching figures on his 
eoiduroys with burnt firewood), and being afterwards taken by 
thit lady in the fact, was dismissed with a box on lus ears. 
Hiring prepared breakfast for the young ladies with her own 
hauis, she withdrew to preside in the other room, where the 
joke at Mr. Jenkins's expense seemed to be proceeding rather 

"I won't ask you yet^ my dears," said Mr. Pecksniff^ look- 
ing in at the door, *' how you like London. Shall It" 
"We haven't seen much of it. Pa! " cried Merry. 
"Nothing, I hope," said Cherry. (Both very miserably.) 
"Indeed," said Mr. Pecksniff, ''that's true. We have our 
plflware, and our business, too, before us. All in good time, 
iQ in good time ! " 

Whether Mr. Pecksnifi^s business in London was as strictly 
professional as he liad given his new pupil to understand, we 
^ see, to adopt that worthy man's phraseology, "all in good 

Un AMD AtiTKXTl'UU Of .^M 


WMLi Umod ann mu, in any dUmt bMmgti. d 

jMt in the wotUl lacli ■ unipUaf Bort nf ■ jilaHi m IV^ 

I urt-Jj IxitnluD, tu Juil)^ fnim llul put <itf it 

■•al T»)|tDrm'i ruulHl, uul liualln] it, aB*! iJ W»h»4 I 

Ita Lriok-wiJ-aiurUr ellnwa ioki it, wad k«pt iba ■ 

I (ionl ivHMtMaUy IiHwmii it ud tW li|[hl, «w « 

otigan'i, uxl qiMltfl«] to b» on t«nw of dn* nfaiii 

and alliAiMv wilti iitiii'lr<ol« ami lh<nt>ui4a »f ihm i-LI fw 

which Tiiilgfn'a li<)laa|ir<l. 

Yuu i-oiiM n't wnllc ii)>>iii in Tii<l|{rr*'* ni-iulilinarhD 
5011 ciiiiM ill any <>t)i*T :ii-iitliU>tirh<ioiL V<hi kT"!*") *<■■ 
(or mn li-nir thruii^li lun>it ojul Wwr\^ «ihI cinirtTud 
|ia«Ha^-H: nii't iirvi'r niirc ciiii-iy<*'l u|ii>n aiivthinK lh«t 
be NiutiuaUy rallnl ■ Htn-vt. A kni>t u( tmigar^ dun 
caoie ovpF tlin ntran^ti-r aa lii- lr<>l thiw* ili'vioiu ma** 
givin){ hiiDM-lf up (iir I'ixt, went in anil utit and mand 1 
anil iiuiptly tiini<^l laii-k n^iiiii whi-n lie nunr to ■ >1f*J « 
waa iit<>ii|--<l )>y an irim ruiliii);, sml ftlt ihat tltf> Mn 
nira]- iiii(;)it |><M>i)>ly jifmiil ihrmvlviii in tlirir ova 
tim<', tint llul to .inli<-i|int<> ihriii wah li..|irli-u. InaUncai 
kiH'wii ■■( ]--\>l- wh... UiiiK ukn) I., ilin- at T'>lirp|«'< 
lrav<-ll'-.| r-mxl nml r>»in<l it for a wi-arr time, with ib 
rliimni-v-|>-t>i in virw. nn<l timlintt it, at Iwt. iintxiaM' 

attAititmnt, liwl t: Ifimi! nKnin with a hi-ntl" mrUnrhi 

their >]iint», tran<|uil nml iiii(iim|<laini»)i. N»l>a)y hmi 
(iniliit T-"lK<'ro'x ••:■ a v>-rlnl •lir<'<-lii>n, th»ii)-h Kivtn *i 
minute > u.ilk <>f it. <'utiti<><i> <-niip«nU from SnatLand ■ 
N..rtli .'1 Kn^laix-t lia.1 l.-.'n known to rT..-b it mlrh hj m 
iag a rlurilv-loiv, lown-tiri'-l, iin<l Knni,nn): liim aling "itl 
or liy rliiijfin^ trnmioii-ly t<i tin- (■■•liuiui. lait thiw ««r 
rK«p|>tioiu, an<l ■>nh' wi-nt lo j.rovx tlir rMlf tliat T>-l|pf* 
in a laliyrinth, wlirri->if tlip mystrrv ■>■ known but to a « 


Several fruit-brokers had their marts near Todgers's; and 
one of the first impressions wrought upon the stranger's senses 
iras of oranges — of damaged oranges, with blue and green 
kuises on them, festering in boxes, or mouldering away in 
cellars. All day long a stream of porters from the wharves 
b^ide the river, each bearing on his back a bursting chest of 
oranges, poured slowly through the narrow passages; while 
underneath the archway by the public-house, the knots of 
those who rested and regaled within were piled from morning 
until night. Strange solitary pumps were found near Tod- 
geis's, hiding themselves for the most part in blind alleys, and 
keeping company with fire-ladders. There were churches also 
hj dozens, with many a ghostly little churchyard, all over- 
grown with such straggling vegetation as springs up sponta- 
neously from damp, and graves, and rubbish. In some of these 
dingy resting-places, which bore much the same analogy to 
green churchyards as the pots of earth for mignonette and 
wallflower in the window overlooking them did to rustic 
gardens — there were trees — tall trees still putting forth their 
leaves in each succeeding year, with such a languisliing remcm- 
liance of their kind (so one might fancy, looking on their 
sickly boughs) as birds in cages have of theirs. Here para- 
lysed old watchmen guarded the bodies of the dead at night, 
year after year, until at last they joined tliat solomn brother- 
bood; and saving that they slept below the ground a sounder 
sleep than even they had ever known above it, and were shut 
ttp in another kind of box, their condition can hardly be said 
to have undergone any material change when they, in turn, 
vere watched themselves. 

Among the narrow thoroughfares at hand, there lingered, 
Itere and there, an ancient doorway of carved oak, from which, 
^ old, the sounds of revelry and feasting often came ; but now 
tbeae mansions, only used for storehouses, were dark and dull, 
wid, being filled with wool, and cotton, and the like, — such 
^«avy merchandise as stifles sound and stops the tliroat of echo, 
—had an air of palpable deadness about them which, added to 
*^eir silence and desertion, made them very grim. In like 
^^ner, there were gloomy courtyards in these parts, into 
^hich few but belated wayfarers ever strayed, and where vast 
^8 and packs of goods, upward or downward bound, were for 
6Vet dangling between heaven and earth from lofty cranes. 


m un Axu ADVumrmn a* 

TbMM mm man tiucka itMr TodgMa'a lb* yoa ■ 

• wboW citjr coold •¥« iiMd ; not ac ' 

ImnmI noav (ur war Inanginf in tli» Muiinr laaM I 

»■>!«•' doon ukI atiipiniiit up Um |«m; ao I 

WkMJ -«Mdi or lunitienuK *m"*> cunc ttud way, Umt 

Um maam vt »wb ao u|ir>i*r m ntiIivMt«l Ibfi «boU Mid|A 

Itood, aw) BMud* Ibe VM7 ti«IU in tbo next «huRVki«w ▼ 

mda. In Iba lhn«la uid mawa irf dark iiii ll ulifaai 

Todfon'*, liMliTtdnal vitia-iti«rchaiUa hmI wbulaaala daali 
gmoMjr-wan bad |>>irf*ct lilltv tumu td tbrir Mm , aai 
•HMBV tlw vary fciun(Uliun» <■( ibMo ImiUiIIbie*. U>« yro— 
Undambiad and lajmn>*<l i<ut Into aUUaa, wbvr* eart-h 
tnuUad b^ ntfi^ uiicbl be btwrl lai a quirt HukUt^, m 
Ihdr baltm^ ■> diaUuWl a^uilm is Ulaa a< baaalid hM 
Hid to cbuk tbuT idwlntii 

To loll of half lb* quMf old tevffM UmI had a 4 
aD«l MHirat uiittrniv nnar ToalKrn'a iriniM bll a icoiIIt 

whila ■ Mmnil vi'ltitiir tHi !<'«) rnj r .'^\^ U- 'Irrd 

all arrouiit uf thr <|iiaiiit vM ([urtU who fiwiurnUil thrir ^ 
ligliUil larloun. Thme wi-rr, in (iFikcral, ancirnt mbal 
of that niiiiw — ("m, anil tim) ihm (rmi bxTli'-ol — wh 
lon^c Rincr li'ciiRiP wlit4-iy and aathmatifvl, aiu) >b«rt ii( h 
exrept in the artirlr uf abTy-Mlinit. in wbirh tn|w«t 
wen- titil) ■narTplloualv li<ntt-*in<lnl. Thne Rpntrr «rf* 
o|i{MMH-(l Ui atvani anil all nrw-faiiKl") «•*■. and hrld la 
iiifl to he ainful, an<l il<-|ili<m) t)K> ilfyrnrfmrT ti |W i 
wliifh that partinilar nw-mlwr nf fwh lillU duh who W 
Icfm <'f Ihf ni-amt chtin-h, |ir<>(r«ii<wialU, alwara altntai 
tlif |ir<'vii]i-n<-f iif >tUM-nt aii<l invli|;i<'n, tlt<>ii)ch Ihr m^fe 
of th*' cN.iii|>any inrlinnl l« thf> Wlief that virtur «mt <m 
hair-|-<w<hT, and that oM tJigland'i ([Tralima twd di 
amain with iMfWla. 

Aa l» TtnlKfn'a ilM-lf — apntking of it nnlr m a ka 
tliat iiri)ihl>>uth"iiil, aifl niakln)i no rrfrrrncv tii lU mm 
a oommrlTial liHU<linti n>taMuhnif>nt — it waa wiwtb* to 
it ilid. Ihrtr wan oif itairraao wjixtow in it, i 

>lJt> of the hotixp, on iht- (.touihI floor, whirh tradltM 
f'n olirnni fiiT a hiin>lrnl T>«n at l(«at, and 1 

iluttmit on an nlway* ilirty laii<-, w*« ■» trfCnnx*! and i 

CPiilun '■ tiiiiil lliat ni> •>«•• [lanr ol jiUm <nald p 

fall out, Uiuu|{li all worr crackrd and farokva tWMHj 


3ut the grand mystery of Todgers's was the cellarage, ap- 
iroachable only by a little back door and a rusty grating; 
rhich cellarage within the memory of man had had no connec- 
ion with the house, but had always been the freehold property 
if somebody else, and was reported to be full of wealth, though 
n what shape — whether in silver, brass, or gold, or butts of 
irine, or casks of gunpowder — was matter of profound uncer- 
iainty and supreme indifference to Todgers's, and all its in- 

The top of the house was worthy of notice. There was a 
lort of terrace on the roof, with posts and fragments of rotten 
lines, once intended to dry clothes upon; and there were two 
or three tea-chests out there, full of earth, with forgotten 
plants in tbem, like old walking-sticks. Whoever climbed to 
this observatory was stunned at first from having knocked his 
liead against the little door in coming out; and after that was 
for the moment choked from having looked, perforce, straight 
down the kitchen chimney; but these two stages over, there 
were things to gaze at from the top of Todgers's, well worth 
J<mr seeing, too. For first and foremost, if the day were 
Iright, you observed upon the house-tops, stretching far away, 
t long dark path, the shadow of the Monument ; and turning 
round, the taU original was close beside you, with every hair 
Meet upon his golden head, as if the doings of the city fright- 
ened him. Then there were steeples, towers, belfries, shining 
vanes, and masts of ships, — a very forest. Gables, house-tops, 
garret-windows, wilderness upon wilderness. Smoke and noise 
enough for all the world at once. 

After the first glance, there were slight features in the midst 
of this crowd of objects, which sprung out from the mass with- 
out any reason, as it were, and took hold of the attention 
whether the spectator would or no. Thus, the revolving chim- 
ney-pots on one great stack of buildings seemed to be turning 
gfavely to each other every now and then, and whispering the 
'esult of their separate observation of what was going on 
•^low. Others, of a crook-backed shape, appeared to be mali- 
ciously holding themselves askew, that they might shut the 
P^08pect out and baffle Todgers's. The man who was mending 
* pen at an upper window over the way became of paramount 
^niportance in the scene, and made a blank in it, ridiculously 
^proportionate in its extent, when he retired. The gambols 


Lire A.HD ADTtimrBBB fV 

at • pieoo of cl<4fa Upon t)i* djTM'i pah hwl tm ■■> 
fiir Um nMMBonl Ihui bII (h» rkjuitiu^ Buliua i4 tfa 
Vrt ori-n wliil'> tbr Innk' T-m Mt uiirry wtdi hmmM I 
■ad wuixleml huu ii '.; •w*UBlta(a«li 

hiwta n( n)iJr<U «'■ i ''VpHMi • IhMiIi 

Mill aflrr |iuin)t i r-il, W Iwr— 4 M 

mir iubi iIm >tn«t I9 Iki 

bv wiHiM i-ortaml; liai 

cut ; llwl i* to Mj, lifiwir<n<Bii»L 

8u mmI Um toil Mu- rarkmihs wWn Umj p* 
Mr*. Tnliccn fnim UiU )iU(» tif ra|4«l, loaviMf Ifts 
|Hittft lu clfBM (Im ilicr uikI (uUiiw Umoi iiam% A 
tviuit ot a pUt'fu] Ucu(«mii«til, hmI nMlaaiyUim 
iloli^tit iiTfiulUr lu hi* w>S and tin* of Ul» «qr 
dMtilnii liiniMilf ink) 
up""""- I«""l-' 

[t l-,.i. 
l'M-k*uir[ > 

catxl tlw |»... ...,»- .., 

Mtutw; tad fawl funii«iiMn poaaaad bar y 
K tpMMnl MUUM>7 of tha Ilk, cwadBri, ud 

T<kVts w1k>. il «i'iin-l. Ii*l ml ItU 

^i in hU 

■Iran, mhi «r- i.-ift-, "11 "> 'm Jtmt Wm 

hapfNBBM iImUmI »«. You 'd Iwrdlf !»«« *Im 
6*; pwhapal" 


rifch the features, my dear Miss Pecksniffs," said Mrs. Tod- 
jen. '*The gravy alone is enough to add twenty years to 
ne's age, I do assure you. " 
"Lor! " cried the two Miss Pecksniffs. 
"The anxiety of that one item, my dears," said Mrs. Tod- 
;er8, " keepe the mind continually upon the stretch. There is 
10 such passion in human nature as the passion for gravy 
imosig commercial gentlemen. It 's nothing to say a joint 
iron't yield — a whole animal wouldn't yield — the amount of 
jravy they expect each day at dinner. And what I have 
imdeigone in consequence," cried Mrs. Todgers, raising her 
lyes and shaking her head, " no one would believe ! " 

"Just like Mr. Pinch, Merry!" said Charity. "We have 
thrays noticed it in him, you remember ? " 

"Yes, my dear," giggled Merry; "but we have never given 
it him, you know." 

"You, my dears, having to deal with your- pa's pupils who 
eui't help themselves, are able to take your own way," said 
Mn. Todgers; "but in a commercial establishment, where any 
gnitlemen may say, any Saturday evening, * Mrs. Todgers, this 
daj week we part, in consequence of the cheese, ' it is not so 
fmsj to preserve a pleasant understanding. Y^our pa was kind 
escNigh," added the good lady, "to invite me to take a ride 
with you to-day; and I think he mentioned tliat you were 
going to call uj)on Miss Pinch. Any relation to the gentleman 
you were speaking of just now, Miss Pecksniff ? " 

"For goodness sake, Mrs. Todgers," interposed tlic lively 
Merry, "don't call him a gentleman. My dear Cherry, Pinch 
a gentleman ! The idea ! " 

"What a wicked girl you are!" cried Mrs. Todgers, embra- 
cing her with great affection. "You are quite a quiz, I do 
^iedare! My dear Miss Pecksniff, what a happiness your 
«i«ter'8 spirits must be to your pa and self ! " 

"He 's the most hideous, goggle-eyed creature, Mrs. Tod- 
gers, in existence," resumed Merry — "quite an ogre. The 
'igliest, awkwardest, frightfullest being, you can imagine. 
This is his sister, so I leave you to suppose what she is. I 
*hall be obliged to laugh outright, I know I shall ! " cried the 
charming girl ; "I never shall be able to keep my countenance. 
The notion of a Miss Pinch presuming to exist at all is suffi- 
cient to kill one, but to see her — oh, my stars ! " 


un Axu ADvnrTCMi or 

m for Uim rftwh!" moA tlo (aMi 
n Dwa an ii^vniiNM joutif mui, (or bx miA U mj dn) 

rauM hav* ukunuiuwd trldiim to tb* (mbjI;, md Ik i 
nnal iaUiwt willi whldi bv woold hun a aw w a w* fi 
H mok. 

•'iiilon for UtM Pinch ! " 

I rinrh tt<M> Witly, wilh rorh lok«M of ^Wi 

Miiij d«irUmi that hr>r IM n( ailtm w ml mmmi^ 

r Mm* lime, the liltlr )iui>il Imshm* Blsminglj vfn^ 

R|«nd bnrif lo Uk« tuoiiUl an4» n( «II thri Bjihl h 

d doBft. Fur ili« )iul,v ul Ihr HlaMUbnftanl «■• flnh 

■ Mhoal tiui(ir<r KD'I iiaUta iil Iho mtual alM Q«m 

id ateoonged her dMighlen to Kport tbavMB wImmv* 

ooa nmd ; wbieh mm, in rafemiM lo iD partki cm 

r«T hndable, improrin^ and plw w at 

It ii B mrUncholy fact, bat it mart ba ivUImI, Oi 
PiiM-h'a liiitvr wai nut at all u*;);. On thr CKBlnn, il 
a gimil turf : a vrnr mjlil nnil )>rp|iiHM«aint( far* ; and a 
litlli' tipiro — lilik-iit mill xIimiI, )>iit n'markaM-- r..r il* an 
Tbrro wiu wmiriliiii).- "f IxT )>n>tl»-r, iiiiiHi of Lim in^i 
a nnain i;<-i>ll>->»'»' <•( tn:.tir»r. aivl in l.rr l<->k of Iimid 
fiilm-iw; Uit sin- w<i- n.. Ut fn-tii 1-itiK ■ ff'Kl't, -r a J 
or a horror, or anything •I-h-. ,,r»liri»l ).y tlir t».. Mm 
unilT", lliat lliow yoiiiiK h'h'-* iialiinlly rr|^ril<->l l>rr witl 
in<1iKnn(i<ii, tvlikg llial llii- «ax by no inraiu w|i«i tb 

Mi** Mi-Pry, iw )iaviti([ tli' laTK<T aban' of pwrtT, h 
lb- )nt n);iiiti-l ()>i« cli>a)>i->i[itnM'iit, ami ramni it << i 
w.ip| ■•■...w nt 1-.i>t, Willi a tillir: IhiI li.-r (iMrr. n.4 tai 
hi.t- l>.-r ■li-.l.»[>. rxiT.-^..! ii pr-tlT ..i-rnlv in b^ UAi 
to Mr^ T."1»:T". -b^ |.-an"I -n Mr' -rw aa 
■■rvMl a kiml "f pnlMl pHniii<>«M, iniiUU<- t.i aOT rf 
min.1. an.) inv..hini; anr -ba.)^ of . .pinion 

-'I)«n'l l-r aUri»»l, >li». |-ii..-l..- ^i.l Mr. IWkratf. 
her ban>l ron-b-wr^lnlintily iti ••w of hin, aii>l [attinK it «i 
ollirr. " I bav>' ra1lr>l l'> »« yxi. in |iiir>uan<v ••( a p 
gj^m lo Toiir tfi'thr-r. Tl>'>niiv I'mrb. Mr iiatDr — k 
ronraoir. Mi- I'ltirh — <• rr<k.nifT " 

^>a gucHl man rni|ihai>i»«-.l llir»r «or<Li a* lh"U){h br 
Sava nid, "Vuu >«<■ in mr, ytnint; ]irmn, tbv braafat 


III race; the patron of your house; the preserver of your 
other, who is fed with manna daily from my table; and in 
;ht of whom there is a considerable balance in my favour at 
eeent standing in the books beyond the sky. But I have no 
ide, for I can afford to do without it ! ' 

The poor girl felt it all as if it had been Gospel Truth, 
er brother, writing in the fulness of Ids simple heart, had 
ten told her so, and how much more! As Mr. Pecksniff 
ased to speak, she hung her head, and dropped a tear upon 
d hand. 

'* Oh, very well. Miss Pinch ! " thought the sharp pupil, 
crrying before strangers, as if you didn't like the situa- 

'^Thomas is well," said Mr. Pecksniff; ''and sends his love 
id this letter. I cannot say, poor fellow, that he will ever 
t distinguished in our profession; but he has the will to do 
ell, which is the next thing to having the power; and, there- 
»re, we must bear with him. Eh f " 

''I know he has the will, sir," said Tom Pinch's sister, 
&nd I know how kindly and considerately you cherish it, for 
hich neither he nor I can ever be grateful enough, as we very 
ften say in writing to each other. The yoimg ladies too," 
be added, glancing gratefully at his two daughters, ''I know 
ow much we owe to them." 

'*My dears," said Mr. Pecksniff, turning to them with a 
oiile: '* Thomas's sister is saying something you will be glad 
ihw, I think." 

"We can't take any merit to ourselves, Papa! " cried Cherry, 
i they both apprised Tom Pinch's sister, with a curtsey, that 
teT would feel obliged if she would keep her distance. " Mr. 
"inch's being so well provided for is owing to you alone, and 
^ can only say how glad we are to hear that he is as grateful 
i be ought to be. " 

**0h very well. Miss Pinch!" thought the pupil again. 
Gut a grateful brother, living on other people's kindness! " 

"It was very kind of you," said Tom Pinch's sister, with 
oin's own simplicity, and Tom's own smile, "to come here, 
>»y kind indeed ; though how great a kindness you have done 
* in gratifying my wish to see you, and to thank you with 
^7 own lips, you, who make so light of benefits conferred, can 
»edy think. " 



"Very grateful; very pleasant; very proper,** munnTued 
Mr. Pecksniflf. 

"It makes me happy too," said Buth Pinch, who now tbit 
her first surprise was over, had a chatty, cheerful way with 
her, and a single-hearted desire to look upon the best side d 
everything, which was the very moral and image of Tom; 
"very happy to think that you will be able to tell him how 
more than comfortably I am situated here, and how unneoo- 
sary it is that he should ever waste a regret on my being cmi 
upon my own resources. Dear me I So long as I heard that 
he was happy, and he heard that I was," said Tom's sister, 
"we could both bear, without one impatient or complaining 
thought, a great deal more than ever we have had to endues 
I am very certain." And if ever the plain truth were spoken 
on this occasionally false earth, Tom's sister spoke it when she 
said that. 

" Ah ! " cried Mr. Pecksniff, whose eyes had in the mem 
time wandered to the pupil; "certainly. And how do fw 
do, my very interesting child ? " 

"Quite well, I thank you, sir," replied that frosty innocent 

"A sweet face this, my dears," said Mr. Pecksniff, toining 
to his daughters. "A charming manner! " 

Both young ladies had been in ecstasies with the scion of a 
wealthy house (through whom the nearest road and shortest cut 
to her parents might be supposed to lie) from the first. Mr& 
Todgers vowed that anything one quarter so angelic she had 
never seen. " She wanted but a pair of wings, the dear," said 
that good woman, "to be a young syrup," — meaning, possi- 
bly, young sylph, or seraph. 

"If you will give that to your distinguished parents, my 
amiable little friend," said Mr. Pecksniff, producing one of his 
professional cards, " and will say that I and my daughters — " 

"And ^Irs. Todgers, Pa," said Merry. 

"And Mrs. Todgers, of London," added Mr. Pecksniff— 
" that I, and my daughters, and Mrs. Todgers, of London, did 
not intrude upon them, as our object simply was to take some 
notice of Miss Pinch, whose brother is a young man in my 
employment; but that I could not leave this very chaste man- 
sion without adding my humble tribute, as an Architect, to 
the correctness and elegance of the owner's taste, and to hip 
just appreciation of that beautiful art to the cultivation of 


vhieh I haTe deyoted a life, and to the promotion of whose 
^ly and adyancement I have sacrificed a — a fortune — I 
tliall be Teiy much obliged to you." 

''MisBis'B compliments to Miss Pinch," said the footman, 
loddenly appearing^ and speaking in exactly the same key as 
Wore, ^and begs to know wot my young lady is a learning of 

"Oh!" said Mr. Pecksniff^ ^'here is the young man. He 
vOl take the card. With my compliments, if you please, 
joung man. My dears, we are intemipting the studies. Let 

Some confusion was occasioned for an instant by Mrs. Tod- 
gen's unstrapping her little flat hand-basket, and hurriedly 
cfitmsting the "young man" with one of her own cards, 
viuch, in addition to certain detailed information relative to 
the terms of the commercial establishment, bore a foot-note to 
the effect that M. T. took that opportunity of thanking those 
gentlemen who had honoured her with their favours, and 
kgged they would have the goodness, if satisfied with ^e 
We, to recommend her to their friends. But Mr. Pecksniff, 
^ admirable presence of mind, recovered this document, and 
Ittttcmed it up in his own pocket. 

Then he said to Miss Pinch — with more condescension and 
dndness than ever, for it was desirable the footman should 
xpiessly understand that they were not friends of hers, but 
atrons: — 

"Good morning. Good-by. God bless you! You may 
epend upon my continued protection of your brother Thomas. 
Leep yoor mind quite at ease. Miss Pinch ! " 

"Thank you," said Tom's sister heartily: "a thousand 

"Not at all," he retorted, patting her gently on the head. 
Don't mention it. You will make me angry if you do. 
[y sweet child " — to the pupil, " farewell ! That fairy crea- 
my" said Mr. Pecksniff, looking in his pensive mood hard at 
le footman, as if he meant him, "has shed a vision on my 
ltli» refulgent in its nature, and not easily to be obliterateiL 
Ij dearii are you ready 1 " 

They were not quite ready yet, for they were still caressing 
hi pBpiL But they tore themselves away at length; and 
itapiig past Miss Pinch with each a haughty inclination of 

I nd ft«iU>; a«nu«MtBito Uiti^ I 

I jrooiif mm had ratW« Uufi ^wb ni •iMvafri 
av Mt. Vm*mia'B dabght in Uw lartAhiM rf Ik* h 
■Mb thit ba Mdd Mt iMlp oAw alappti^t <pa 
tt«r w«n OMr lb» puloitr iImv) Md (inag tt 
• lowl ixrie* and nry iMned tonaa. laifaa^ ha 4 
katweaa tba rtndj and |)m lull, a bni] 
whok acMwa d atdulMtun ■• a|>|iUad In 
waa jd ta tlw baahiMM vl hia alugnwiwi vb« ifa) 
tlic Karilna. 

"U yao loak,"MiJUi. 1' 
with liu lu<ai] on (wb aid* and 

tlw baUar tako ia tiw pro|K>twaa of Uw mg Utiim : 
mj Amam, at Iba awiam vbkk avfipala 1^ i 
I airinaai ol ita CDoalnctto^ wtpa^Qr 
nraapi Uia auutUnn aagla vt iHa bttildtpg, jgii «ai 
■M — Haw do jtn da* airl I bnpa jrou '» ««lll ' 

Jal*m|itia( kitnaalt wUli ibeaa wutda, Im *««r 
Wwvd 111 a mtddla-»nad itMitkaiaa al an i)|ifii* «1l 
■ >|nka — anl haeanaa tlia fanUa^M omU . 

riAtnl/ euuld not), liat w aa 

M doubt, njr daan," aakl Mr. 
vi ollMir laautiaa with ku liand, "llMft Ui 
1 aboukl ba glad t-, kn'<w hini. Il m 
la ka kaiktif tbin w*v. Cbarilrl " 
• b opaoiBg Ika wtudow, r* ! " 
, kal" oM Mr. i-t>ck-n>tt -ftlr- "AO 
nd I 'n iirafnaittUMl Hi- )w«nl «« iiwida j 
I M donU. IXio't t<»k: Wttk n^anl la 
a portiea^ mj d«r> — " 
"criad tha gaallaawB. 
raiTTwtl" aaiil Mt. PatkanUI, taU^ ^ 
a iad(* jmu *—]'■*'*'■■— " 
' a g iai, will jMt? " riMvd Ika fmtX 
loa, ait,-* «kl Mr. PaekMif, 
d aiigkL " IMd Jim — " 

a aff Iba RTM*! " miMfaat tha f"" « 

I ■*• ttiiwillbag Ut Inlndik Mt," Mr. I'rrtMM i 


''Bat you are intruding^" returned the other, '* unwarrant- 
ibly intruding — trespassing. You see a gravel walk, don't 
joat What do you think it's meant fori Open the gate 
there! Show that party out! " 

With that he clapped down the window again, and disap- 

Mr. Peckaniff put on his hat, and walked with great delib- 
OAtion and in profound silence to the fly, gazing at the clouds 
II he wenty with great interest. After helping his daughters 
md Mrs. Todgers into that conveyance, he stood looking at it 
ior some moments, as if he were not quite certain whether it 
WIS a carriage or a temple; but having settled this point in his 
■indy he got into his place, spread his hands out on his knees, 
md smiled upon the three beholders. 

But, his daughters, less tranquil- minded, burst into a torrent 
d indignation. This came, they said, of cherishing such 
CNitures as the Pinches. This came of lowering themselves 
to their leveL This came of putting themselves in the hu- 
miliating position of seeming to know such bold, audacious, 
qmning, dreadful girls as that They had expected this. 
They bad predicted it to Mrs. Todgers, as she (Todgers) could 
depone, that very morning. To this, they added, that the 
oimer of the house, supposing them to be Miss Pinch's friends, 
had acted, in their opinion, quite correctly, and had done no 
more than, under such circumstances, might reasonably have 
been expected. To that, they added (with a trifling inconsis- 
tency), that he was a brute and a bear ; and then they merged 
into a flood of tears, which swept away all wandering epithets 
before it. 

Perhaps Miss Pinch was scarcely so much to blame in the 
matter as the Seraph, who, immediately on the withdrawal 
of the viHitors, had hastened to report them at headquarters, 
with a full account of their having presumptuously charged her 
with the delivery of a message afterwards consigned to the 
footman; which outrage, taken in conjunction with Mr. Peck- 
■niff'a uno])tru8ive remarks on the establishment, might possi- 
bly have had some share in their dismissal. Poor Miss Pinch, 
Imever, had to bear the brunt of it with both parties : being 
•0 Mverely taken to task by the Seraph's mother for having 
Mdl Tulgar acquaintances that she was fain to retire to her 
in tears, which her natural cheerfulness and submis- 


moa, and the delight of haring aeen Mr. PerkwMf 
noeiTed a letter from her bruther. wan al fisat 

Aa to Mr. Peckraiff, he told them in the fly, tkH a p 
aetton waa ita own reward ; and rather gave Ihm to 
•tend that if he oouid have been kicked in anch a 
would have liked it all the better. Hat thia 
the young kdieai who acolded violently the whole w«y !■ 
and even exhiMted more than once a keen deaire to attark 1 
devoted Mn. Todgen: on whoee |H>raonal appearaaee, hat f 
ticularly on whoM offemling card and hand»l«»krt« they m 
aecrptly inclined tti lay the blame of half their failure. 

Tndgen'a waa in a great huatle that evenini^ V^*^ *^ 
to M>me ailditional domii>tic preparationa for the mrnow, i 
partly to the excitement alwaya inieparahle in thai hoMe b 
HatunUy night, whrn every gvntleman'p linen arrived ai 
difrfn*iit hour in iu own littli* Uimili*, with hin priraftp tmx 
piiitiftl fti t)i«' outfjili*. Then* wjih nlwRVn ■ ^Tt^t rhr.k-xf 
|Mtt**ii« ili>\«ii *>t.iir-, t'Mi, until tiiiiltiiu*ht i>r --s *'^ Sft:-."*!*' 
ti»c»th»r witli a frf|iii'iit ^'Imtiiiiiu' ''•f lux^tm- nm ii^* u .?. 1 
nriM. iiiMih Hi-rkiii',: :it tin* |iiiiii|t, nii<l ;i n'ti-t-iiit jir...r^* 
till' tP>ii liiiDilli* *-i till- |MiI. Slirill alt«-riMti>.i.< fr ::. : r« 
tiini" iiTf—* lwtw«'i'i» Mr-. T'-iu'»-r!« iitnl iiiikii>i«ii. f • :■ i.#* 
r»Mri«'t»» Kii'k kit* In n- . iHi*! -••uml- \rrrv «<«''.i*!i>t. il)\ I-atI 
ilh-.itivi' I'f f»ni.ill artnl*- nf iri>iiiiiMiip ry ai.'l )i«r-!«ArT *•■ 
throuti lit t)ii' Ixv. It wiifi t)it* ru«t«iiii if l).hl \ ■ ti 
Sit'ir«l.i\ ■« t«i fi'll ni» hi-* >«]iirt Mrrvr* t.« III* •}..'♦.:'.• irn, i 
|"T\.i«l»- nil |iir!- -if iIh' Ij'mim* ill iiii A|•^•ll •■! o«Arv „■?• 
Uu.'t . i;»"r» iixt r. ii«' i* i- rii-'ri- ^tr'-ii^'ly tiiii}*t«i| « !i S»t ,Mj 
tliiti III ntlii-r •U\- • i! Uiiik' n lt»i«\ tifiM*. t.» Ti..*k«- nr-.*", 
U»l!- int«» thi* ii» t;:l.^"tMTiiii; alli'VP i»li»'U Ip* aii«iitrrv.{ tKr .i^ 
mil) tlii'r»» t«» |il IV .it !•' ijk-fn-i; mnl «»tln'r •ji-rt* with ^w*i 
IiiiIn until |iMr**ui*il Jiiitl )>ri«ii;;ht I^M-k )>y tin* h.tir • f L:* ^>^ 
«r the Io>w» of hi«t fir: llnw !»i* wjv* n'liti* a r«in»i'i- •:« ;• f«^" 
among th<« |M*riilmr ineplrnt^ i.f tin* U«t <Uv in tl.*- wrvk 

He wan rpia^nillv fi lin t)ii« |>iritrTiIar':rl.<%T r^rr-j 

I bon«mrr<l tin* Mi«^ I'*- k«ijitt- \iitli .1 il* %1 »■{ u ii^ ■ 

» paieing th** •! --r ••( Mr- 'r«-l,:»rn> pruAt** r«- r-^ •i* 

■I abin<* U'fxFv tin* firi\ \«Mrki:.»' )>\ thr* lipjht •>!••-. ti 

i^ without |futtiiig HI hill Im'jiI A2iii ^rrrt&ng thrm ■ 


■ome such oomplimeiits as, " There you are agin ! " " Ain't it 
nice t " — and similar humorous attentions. 

"I say," he whispered, stopping in one of his journeys to 
and fro, "young ladies, there's soup to-morrow. She's a 
making it now. Ain't she a putting in the water 1 Oh ! not 
at all neither!" 

In the course of answering another knock, he thrust in his 
head again. 

*'I say — there 's fowls to-morrow. Not skinny ones. Oh, 

Presently he called through the key-hole : — 

"There 's a fish to-morrow — just come. Don't eat none of 
him ! " and, with this spectral warning, vanished again. 

By and by he returned to lay the cloth for supper; it having 

baen arranged between Mrs. Todgers and the yoimg ladies, 

that they should partake of an exclusive veal-cutlet together 

m the privacy of that apartment. He entertained them on 

this occasion by thrusting the lighted candle into his mouth, 

And exhibiting his face in a state of transparency; after the 

performance of which feat, he went on with liis professional 

duties, brightening every knife as he laid it on the table, by 

fanathing on the blade and afterwards polishing the same on 

the apron already mentioned. When he had completed his 

preparations, he grinned at the sisters, and expressed his belief 

that the approaching collation would be of "rather a spicy 


" WiU it be long before it 's ready, Bailey 1 " asked Mercy. 

"No," said Bailey, "it is cooked. When I come up, she 
dodging among the tender pieces with a fork, and eating of 


But he had scarcely achieved the utterance of these words, 
when he received a manual compliment on the head which 
tent him staggering against the wall; and Mrs. Todgers, dish 
in hand, stood indignantly before him. 

"Oh, you little villain!" said that lady. "Oh, you bad, 
fklae boy ! " 

"No worse than yeself," retorted Bailey, guarding his head, 
on A principle invented by Mr. Thomas Cribb. "Ah! Come 
BOW ! Do that agin, will ycr ! " 

"He's the most dreadful child," said Mrs. Todgers, setting 
down the diah, "I ever had to deal with. The gentlemen 


spoil him to that extent, and teach him sach things, that Tn 
afraid nothing but hanging will ever do him any good." 

" Won't it ! " cried BaUey. " Oh ! Yes ! Wot do yofu go 
a lowerin the table-beer for then, and destroying my ooD8tiU)o> 

"Go down stairs, you vicious hoy," said Mrs. Todgeiit 
holding the door open. "Do you hear met Gro along!" 

After two or three dexterous feints he went, and was sea 
no more that night, save once, when he brought up scioi 
tumblers and hot water, and much disturbed the two )Gm 
Pecksniffs by squinting hideously behind the back of tho 
unconscious Mrs. Todgers. Having done this justice to bii 
wounded feelings, he retired underground; where, in oompanj 
with a swarm of black beetles and a kitchen candle, he em- 
ployed his faculties in cleaning boots and brushing clothes imtS 
the night was far advanced. 

Benjamin was supposed to be the real name of this jooig 
retainer, but he was known by a great variety of names. Ben- 
jamiB, for instance, had been converted into Uncle Ben, and 
that 4i^in had been corrupted into Uncle ; which, by an easy 
transition, had again passed into Barnwell, in memory of ^ 
celebrated relative in that degree who was shot by his nephew 
George, while meditating in his garden at CamberwelL The 
gentlemen at Todgers *s had a merry habit, too, of bestowing 
upon him, for the time being, the name of any notorious mak- 
factor or minister; and sometimes, when current events were 
flat, they even sought the pages of history for these distiw- 
tions; as Mr. Pitt, Young Brownrigg, and the like. At the 
period of which we write, he was generally known among the 
gentlemen as Bailey junior; a name bestowed upon him in 
contradistinction, perhaps, to Old Bailey; and possiUy as 
involving the recollection of an imforttmate lady of the same 
name, who perished by her own hand early in life, and has 
been immort^ilised in a ballad. 

The usual Sunday dinner-hour at Todgers's was two o'clock, 
— a suitable time, it was considered, for all parties; conven- 
ient to ]^^^s. Totlgers, on account of the baker's ; and conven- 
ient to the gentlemen, with reference to their afternoon engage- 
ments. But on the Sunday which was to introduce the two 
Miss Pecksniffs to a full knowledge of Todgers's and its 
society, the dinner was postponed imtil five, in order that 
everything might be as genteel as the occasion demanded. 


When the honr drew nigh, Bailey junior, testifying great 
excitement, appeared in a complete suit of cast-off clothes 
•ereral sizes too large for him, and in particular, mounted a 
detn shirt of such extraordinary magnitude, that one of the 
gmtlemen (remarkahle for his ready wit) called him " collars " 
m the spot At ahout a quarter hefore five a deputation, 
eoQsisting of Mr. Jinkins and another gentleman whose name 
ns (jander, knocked at the door of Mrs. Todgers's room, and, 
king formally introduced to the two Miss Pecksniffs hy their 
luent, who was in waiting, besought the honour of conducting 
them up stairs. 

The drawing-room at Todgers's was out of the common 
ilyle; so much so indeed, that you would hardly have taken it 
to be a drawing-room, unless you were told so hy somebody 
who was in the secret. It was floor-clothed all over ; and the 
including a great beam in the middle, was papered. 
the three little windows, with seats in them, command- 
ing the opposite archway, there was another window looking 
point blank, without any compromise at all about it, into 
Jinkins's bed-room; and high up, all along one side of the 
ynXlf was a strip of panes of glass, two-deep, giving light to 
the staircase. There were the oddest closets possible, with 
little casements in them like eight-day clocks, lurking in the 
wainscot, and taking the 8hap>e of the stairs ; and the ver}* door 
itnelf (which was painted black) had two great glass eyes in its 
forehead, with an inquisitive green pupil in the middle of 

Here the gentlemen were all assembled. There was a gen- 
eral cry of " Hear, hear! " and "Bravo Jink! " when Mr. Jin- 
kins appeared with Charity on his arm: which became quite 
raptarous as Mr. Gander followed, escorting Mercy, and Mr. 
Pecksniff brought up the rear with Mrs. Todgers. 

Then the presentations took place. They included a gen- 
tleman of a sporting turn, who propounded questions on jockey 
•abjects to the editors of Sunday papers, which were regarded 
by his friends as rather stiff things to answer; and they in- 
daded a gentleman of a theatrical turn, who had once entt^r- 
Inied serious thoughts of " coming out, " but had ])een kept in 
If the wickedness of human nature; and they included a 
of a debating turn, who was strong at sp)eech- 
and a gentleman of a literary turn, who wrote squibs 




ii[wii Ibe rrat, uul Iumw tlw wtak titia at nvwyhodj'* 
Icr but his Mwn. Tlvon Wm > (•ntlMaMt »( • vuni ln« 
k ynBlUiwn of • iBiuhiiitt tuni, hmI • gMttlMwui iil • i 
Uun ; KHM of Um gwUntntB had k Mint tor wbirt, «•< • 
laupiattda td Iba gwtbiii had a ■brag tom W Wli«4 
lwHii» Tb^ bad «11, it nqr b» ptwUBvl, • bun W 
BWH^ bunit aU aimMtcuUj oBpkrrMl ia mm «^ m i 
and bwl, vver; udo In hk nwn wmj, ■ dacided Utn la* | 
to luit. Ur. Jinkliu mm t>f a (Mbtunatda l*n, 1 
K|{uUr tnaqiMtntrr uf thn parka uu tteadan >Bd I 
l[n«t many earru^[u bjr lighl. Ma apoka my 
of a|d>nilid wiMuiB, aait waa awyartii of bavtag •*■ 
mittad hiRwalf with a enualnw, Mr. Oaadat waa «( • 
torn, Wng i»d*«l Um pmtloaMii whs bad unfi a HUiU thi 
about "cnllata:" which •[Mtklinf p h aam iT jr *•■ 
fniBi inuath to nuralb, under tha tilla af liand^'a Vat 
wa« twwivnl in all (wta of iba ttatm with Kiwaa aff 
Ur. Jlnkioa, it nay faa addad, waa niMh tba «Umt t 
\mity, Wmg a 6ab-Miaaniaii'a kiuk-iMP|sr, agnl lal^ 
w«* tlM> 'itdiMt bwrdar alau, and in riftbt u( hia dtHy* 4 
Itjr iMk tb« liMd in tha tunaa, a> Hn. Tud||H» ^t d 

Tbcra waa aooMdatabla dahy in tb* pwdartaa rf 4 
and ponr Xrik Todgata, baiag nixtwcbnj m < 
Jinkitia, «li|>|«ad in and out at laaat twiM. 
H , alwaya Miaiing back aa Ihoanh A* bo- : 
bar ■!»], and hadn't faaaa out at all 
kiloh lo iba cunTviwOioB, avwrthnlni. i-< -v 
who trarellnl in Iba iMffumafr htu>, otbilaiad i 
kniclt-ktiMik. in tha way a| a MokarfcaU* Mkv at ateahg 
which ha had laUly met with in Oeraaay ; and tte ^ ' 
at a liluwr titni r»pnal«d (by daativ) (uaa i—tla mt 
had m-vntly (irudaead tm iha fnaauiK it tha lank « H 
ol Iha houM. Tbw amuaoiwRt^ with tha n 
I out cd IbMB, iimal 

by Uailay juiiair in tbaaa ^mmmt— 

I if tbay 1 
■ af tha two Mi* IVkanitfa. 


Mr. Pecksniff said grace — a short and pious grace, invoking 

a fale^ssing on the appetites of those present, and committing all 

persons who had nothing to eat to the care of Providence: 

whose business (so said the grace, in effect) it clearly was to 

look after them. This done, they fell to, with less ceremony 

than appetite ; the table groaning beneath the weight, not only 

of the delicacies whereof the Miss Pecksniffs had been pre- 

viou&ly forewarned, but of boiled beef, roast veal, bacon, pies, 

and abundance of such heavy vegetables as are favourably 

known to housekeepers for their satisfying qualities. Besides 

which there were bottles of stout, bottles of wine, bottles of 

lie, and divers other strong drinks, native and foreign. 

All this was highly agreeable to the two ^iiss Pecksniffs, 
vho were in immense request, sitting one on either hand of 
Xr. Jinkins at the bottom of the table, and who were called 
Qpm to take wine with some new admirer every minute. 
Ihej had hardly ever felt so pleasant and so full of conversa- 
tion in their lives; Mercy, in particular, was uncommonly 
hrilliant, and said so many good things in the way of lively 
tepartee that she was looked upon as a prodigy. "In short," 
as that voung lady observed, " they felt now, indeed, that they 
Were in London, and for the first time too. " 

Their young friend Bailey sympathised in these feelings to 
th^ fullest extent, and, abating nothing of his patronage, gave 
th^'m every encouragement in his power; favouring them, wlien 
the general attention was diverted from his proceedings, with 
many nods and winks and other tokens of recognition, and 
occasionally touching his nose with a corkscrew, as if to 
express the Bacchanalian character of the meeting. In truth, 
perhaps even the spirits of the two Miss Pecksniffs, and the 
hungry watchfulness of ^Irs. Todgers, were less worthy of note 
than the proceeilings of this remarkable boy, whom nothing 
difconcerteti or put out of his way. If any piece of crockery 
— a dish or otherwise — chanced to slip tlirough his hands 
(which happened once or twice), he let it go with perfect 
piod- breeding, and never added to the painful emotions of the 
company by exhibiting the least regret. Nor did he, by 
hnrrring to and fro, disturb the rejx^se of the assembly, as 
■any well-trained servants do; on the contrary, feeling the 
hofpeleaaness of waiting upon so large a party, he left the gen- 
tlnnen to help themselves to what they wanted, and seldom 


un Axu AUVRxn'tn 


■tirrrd fmm Uhioil Mr. Jlnltltw'a duit, wIm««, «tlfc k» 
in hU pnrkHU, ukt lil* l*fia pUotnl pnUf ind* M^il I 
Uw luighlAf, uui aigojed Um omiviiiMliim. 

Til* lifwt WM fplMMliil — BO vmilian tUhm. 
dfaw-pblM had ham wufaed in a UUi«i tuh 
wUlt «4mmm «m oo, and iboagh tlwjr ««« skM >■< 
vitk fridtiiiii, atiU than thmy mm- ^Oa — «p la Ite 
anil InM to Ub*. Quuto ol aliMMla; Jaaaw <f m 
piMiMl* of nkim ; ahiefci of bilRw , amp-plalw Ml «f u 
Oh. Todfetm'a eouU do It wbnn it duw! ntai UhA, 

Tkeii nura wine cudp n«; nil vioM mkI «Mi» vtal 
a laiga chioa Uiwl <it ]>uocli, txawtd \^ tba 
oeatrimi tiun, wUi actjund Um UIm ~ 
ilwpuBdunt Ml aiKavnl ol jto dinanakaMv aa ttan w«s 
riali in Iba houn (or tba fiotKoatfan «f haU a <laaa« « 
tba aaa* <iM. Oood gnckna, how Ary lai^badl lU 
MOfhad whm lb«]r aippHl it, faaonaa it w«a •» <i»i^ 
hem Otwj langhMl igaiR, irb»n tMnrbMlj vnwvd tbal I 
it« rnlout H laigbt bava bana wiataban. in rr^trd <4 d* 
nana <|fiaIitiH>, In Utw nllb! What a abiml «4 "V*:* 
from tbe (tmidnnaB wbaB tbw palbatknO; tfjwaj M 
ktm to auffnr llirm to qtuH^' It vilb bat ntwi ^ 
hlitaUngljr, hf l>Mm and HltK dul aaob oT tbas M| 
wbok nlwafiil down to iu rtMry dnipl 

Mow onam Iha lnr|i>|t timx. Tba aaa. 
(unntlaninly cmttm, Jinkin* — navar at a k^f), ■ 
)»*i lb'> tirm«iti.-i>l "M-^ IVlt.uifT'- «.. Un Ti 


Aim load.. 

tair tin 

[IIV t 





ill «nlii.l<i<.. Tk r< 




• imUi 



b Ikt 

••dilal;M« km* 


minded of m toast — a toast to which they will respond. There 
is an individual present — he has him in his eye — to whom they 
owe a debt of gratitude. He repeats it — a debt of gratitude. 
Their rugged natures have been softened and ameliorated that 
day by the society of lovely woman. There is a gentleman 
in company whom two accomplished and delightful females re- 
gard with veneration, as the fountain of their existence. Yes, 
when yet the two Miss Pecksniffs lisped in language scarce in- 
telligible, they called that individual " father ! " There is great 
applause. He gives them " Mr. Pecksniff, and Grod bless him ! " 
Tftiey all shake hands with Mr. Pecksniff, as they drink the 
toist The youngest gentleman in company does so with a 
thrill; for he feels that a mysterious influence pervades the man 
vho claims that being in the pink scarf for his daughter. 

What saith Mr. Pecksniff in reply ? or rather let the ques- 

Ikm be. What leaves he unsaid? Nothing. More punch is 

edled for, and produced, and drunk. Enthusiasm mounts still 

Uf^ier. Every man comes out freely in his own character. 

The gentleman of a theatrical turn recites. The vocal gentle- 

aan regales them with a song. Grander leaves the Grander of 

all former feasts whole leagues behind. He rises to propose a 

toast It is. The Father of Todgers's. It is their common 

friend Jink — it is Old Jink, if he may call him by that famil- 

inx and endearing appellation. The youngest gentleman in 

company utters a frantic negative. Ho won't have it — he 

can't bear it — it mustn't be. But his depth of feeling is 

nusunderst4XxL He is supposed to be a little elevated, and 

nobody heeds hiuL 

Mr. Jinkins thanks them from his heart. It is, by many 
degrees, the proudest day in liis humble career. AMien he 
l'X>ks around him on the present occasion, he feels that he 
wants words in which to express his gratitude. One thing 
be will say. He hoj^es it has 1)een shown that Todgers's can 
be true to itself; and, an opportunity arising, that it can come 
oat quite as strong as its neighbours — perhaps stronger. Ho 
reminds them, amidst thunders of encouragement, that they 
haT6 heard of a somewhat similar establishment in Cannon 
Simt; and that they have heard it praised. He wishes to 
dbsw no invidious comparisons; he would l)e the last man to 
db it; but when that Cannon Street establishment shall l)e 
•Ue to produce such a combination of wit and beauty as has 


UTV. AXP ADr mn ' M i or 




puml tlul Inuil llwt lUj-, aiKl iImU Im «1iU la i 
Uunp eMuiili?T«<l) mch a tliiuMt u that «( whk^ t 
jiut piutakan, ht> will \m iMjigrc tu Ulk !*• iL 
fgnUmnctt, b* will *Uck In Todgtn'm. 

Miww ptmdi, inoni MtkoMao^ ma 
bcitljr'B hetlUi la drunk, Mving tt» 701 
eompaii/. Ho ■)!■ *)>■<*, wttb hu «lbow «• J 
VMUil liislr, aul KktM diKUtBfulljt at Jinktn*. 
■ oonnlaiBg ■pMdt. give* ttmn tiw Im»IU> <■( IWiWr J 
luorapa an hoard; and a glaa* i» brakctL Mr. •Itn' 
UmL it ia tinwi U> Join Um latUe*. Ua |ni i|iiiii» ai 4 
•utttRx-nt, Mra. TiMlittra. Sba u wmiky to W 1 
■•(HTKU-lf. Ili-ar, )i«ar. 8a aha ta — W» im}» id &. 
all &nd fault with hn at otbar Ubm; faut Mwy mb 
BOW, tlul ha raiiild iliir in hut lU-lrnrat. 

liiajr go ap •tain, wbrm ihoy ar* not az] 
Mia. TodgWB ia Mlntp, Mm Chantjr ia wUn^liV k« M 
Htm J , wba tu* niwU a aafa uf ooo a( Um windsw^Hl 
icvjullj nvumWnt attitod*. Sba U naing hart^j 
Jlnkina implnm Ivr, fnr all tliMr wlmat »at to d 
'4Mb too gnevM an-l tin) lovrljr, ha maarks to W A 
Blw Uuifba. awl jH'-bt*, awl fan* bMslf, and 4i wf I 
and tkm i* a nth in pirk it np. (Wnjt now ariM 
ms M—nl, M Ida tawitr iff tfa* parij, tht ia wwal Ml 
tion^ aod arndt (•nllaBwn on naaaagaa to oUmt #■ 
■ud foffrta aU •book Uwoi Mim tlvf «n n«M» « 
MMwar, and iavmla a Ihoaand lottaraa, r<«diag ikaT' 
to p'lMM. lUiWj' hrinp up tba l*« ami raffiK nM 
auall elwtw <i( adminm mind (tiarii*; km tbsj « 
(buv «lw oaniMA Hal DMT W aivtrr. Th# T . _ 
ill nuBpaoT i« H"> l*>* caOactwl. uvi atill tiU 'afM«: I 
•fwit kivaa lo boU cnwuntoa with Uaalf, Md Id* Mil 
hmn noia^ tmUwft. Ska hM a ifiMnkw— im wI Vmp 
Md kb •dontian. Ha «« H taakli* iMiitiwii ii Ite 
of kai •¥«. Rin a an, Jinking an to* |a«mte«' 

I HMD to fnmsyt 

Mr. P«^Mlff had UluwMl hia ^owifK Mm^ h 
■I tiw iU> <rf Ma TtalfM. Hi I 
) ofmt kia la^ witkort ipywrt^toll 
( aor did k* aan to kam ttaA * 


"And how have they tised you down stairs, sirt " asked the 

*' Their conduct has heen such, my dear madam," said Mr. 
Pecksniff, ''as I can never think of without emotion, or 
rememher without a tear. Oh, Mrs. Todgers ! " 

*' My goodness ! " exclaimed that lady. " How low you are 
in your spirits, sir! " 

''I am a man, my dear madam," said Mr. Pecksniff, shed- 
ding tears, and speaking with an imperfect articulation, *' but 
I am also a father. I am also a widower. My feelings, Mrs. 
Todgers, will not consent to be entirely smothered, like the 
joung children in the Tower. They are grown up, and the 
more I press the bolster on them, the more they look round 
the comer of it. " 

He suddenly became conscious of the bit of muffin, and 
lUred at it intently ; shaking his head the while, in a forlorn 
ttid imbecile manner, as if he regarded it as his evil genius, 
ttid mildly reproached it. 

"She was beautiful, Mrs. Todgers," he said, turning his 
^ased eye again upon her without the least preliminary notice. 
"She had a small property." 

**So I have heard," cried Mrs. Todgers with great sympathy. 

"Those are her daughters," said Mr. Pecksniff, pointing out 
the young larlies, with increased emotion. 

Mrs. Todgers had no doubt of it. 

"Mercy and Charity," said Mr. Pecksniff, "Charity and 
Mercy. Not unholy names, I hope 1 " 

"Mr. Pecksniff!" cried Mrs. Todgers, "what a ghastly 
anile t Arc you ill, sir ? " 

He pressed his hand upon her arm, and answered in a 
solemn manner, and a faint voice, "chronic" 

"Cholict " cried the frightened Mrs. Todgers. 

"Chron-ic," he repeated with some difficulty. "Chronic, 
A chronic disorder. I have been its victim from childhood. 
It is carrying me to my grave." 

" Heaven forbid ! " cried Mrs. Todgors. 

"Yes it is," said Mr. Pecksniff, reckless with despair. "I 
■B rather glad of it, upon the whole. You are like her, Mrs. 

"Don't squeeze me so tight, pray, Mr. Pecksniff. If any 
of tbe gentlemen should notice us." 

Imt Mk*," hU Mr. PkdtuiC 

r hu tiKtiuurir. Fur tim mikt «t » ««!■ tmm 

'mi mn verf Ilk* bar, Utl IVrfgiwl WlM • « 

ladMd JKH) Bwr «7 UmII " omJ Mn. TodfHB. 

> afnU it'a « rain an>l UuNiiibUaB vorU," •«< 

r, avacdoviDf with ilnjaMilMtey. "Tb*^ 7*WK | 

It iM — uhl wlul MOM !»*■> Uwjr of lWi( MpM^ 

iniM. Gir« ■« jrgur otbu Iniid. Mn. TmI^i*.* 

ft lady ImmUUmI, bikI wbd "aba dM n't bk*." 

aM K vniM fmoi tb» gtmira nn infiuMaat " mM Mk. It 

. wilb dkoMl iMdenM. "Tktt b bidicbwt 1^4 

UMbr'ufgMlMr*. Tod«of& "llMllryMiiMia-l.* 
'■ Dot iiM%" wd Mr. pMkntf. "OtMi't imffm I 

, »'• tkc ToMn — it'* hw voiot^" 

Mk I'nrkmifl iluctManl oMut b*Ti> bad «n "— "— "j ll 
and liuakjr t.^w for a Ul*. anl ril h r n -ti.t, r .. . 
U> aay tliv tnith aumewhat ■>( a dninkm nncr, if it hai • 
kiniF iDucli nwtinliUim' tu tliat in which Mr. I'trkiMiffaf 
jiut thi-ii. itut |>t'rliii)M thii waa iMiwiiin on hw pwl 

"II ItoM l"H'n a ilay uf riijormrnt, Mra. T->tlf7't«, >*t Md 
baa bc«D a dar ii( dirlum. It ha* reminded tu« i4 my !■• 
ueaa. Wlul am I in tho wurMI" 

"An eicvUrul ([rnllrmau, Mr. rockaniff," aaid M/^ T 

"Th>-rv ia cotuulaliun in tbat tun," ennl Mr. IVka 
"Am I r" 

"TlK'rp ia no Iv-iu-r man livinK." Mid Mra. T«l«t«\ 

Mr. I'.rk-niir -miW l)<n>UKh bia Imu*, and alickUT tk 
hi* ht*l. ■■ Vim an- v.-rj p""!-" bf *at>l, "thank yam. ll 
a ttrmi> ba|<)>iiinw tii uxi; Mri>. To>l)tpr«, Xn mmkr youl^ paa 
ha|>)>y. Thr )i4;>|iinnu> ut iqt (■ujtiln i« my chwf ot^adL 
dxlf iijam '•'lu. TIm'T diiti' u\rm me hw — ■imctUMaa.'* 

".Mwav.," uid Mi^ T-.lirr*. 

"Wlirii llipy "ay tbry havFu't im[>r»tf>l, aaam," wl 
peml Mr, IVkauiff, I'xkinK al hrr wilb ]ir<ifi>u»d ayiM 
ami ni"li'>nink' t<> hrr t> ultuKT )><'r nar a little citwr ta 
mouth. "Wbt-n they uy lliry hare n't iwpCDml, mat 
and the |irrmium wa* tuu high, they Ite! 1 abooUB*! vid 



to be mentioned; you will understand me; but I say to you 
ts to an old friend, they lie." 

Ease wretches they must be I " said Mrs. Todgers. 
Madam," said Mr. Pecksniff, "you arc right. I respect 
you for that observation. A word in your ear. To Parents 
and Guardians — This is in confidence, Mrs. Todgers 1 " 
The strictest, of course ! " cried that lady. 
To Parents and Guardians," repeated Mr. Pecksniff. 
"An eligible opportunity now offers, which unites the advan- 
tages of the best practical architectural education with the com- 
forts of a home, and the constant association with some, who, 
however humble their sphere and limited their capacity — 
observe! — are not unmindful of their moral responsibilities." 

Mrs. Todgers looked a little puzzled to know what this 
might mean, as well she might; for it was, as the reader may 
perchance remember, Mr. Pecksniff's usual form of advertise- 
nent when he wanted a pupil ; and seemed to have no particu- 
lar reference, at present, to anything. But Mr. Pecksniff held 
ap his finger as a caution to her not to interrupt him. 

**Do you know any parent or guardian, Mrs. Todgers," said 
Mr. Pecksniff, " who desires to avail himself of such an oppor- 
tunity for a young gentleman f An orphan would be preferred. 
Do you know of any orphan with three or four hundred 
pound t " 

Mrs. Todgers reflected, and shook her head. 

" \\Tien you hear of an orphan with tliree or four hundred 
pound," said Mr. Pecksniff, "lot that dear orphan's friends 
apply, by letter post-paid, to S. P., Post Office, Salisbury. I 
don't know who he is, exactly. Don't be alarmed, Mrs. Tod- 
gers,*' said Mr. Pecksniff, falling heavily against her: "chronic 
— chronic ! Let 's have a little drop of something to drink. " 

" Bless my life, Miss Pecksniff ! " cried Mrs. Todgers aloud, 
"your dear pa 's took very poorly! " 

Mr. Pecksniff straightened himself ])y a surprising effort, as 
every one turned hastily towards him; and standing on liis 
feet, repanled the assembly with a look of ineffable wisdom. 
Gndually it gave place to a smile; a feeble, helpless, melan- 
eholT smile ; ]»land, almost to sickliness. " Do not repine, my 
frMods," said Mr. Pecksniff tenderly. "Do not weep for me. 
It 11 chronic" And with these words, after making a futile 
Mempt to pull off his shoes, he fell into the fireplace. 

i M 

H UTE Ksv KDVtsrvKa or ^^B 

NnQHt gvidknui in a u wup i y had Mb mM 

Ves balim ■ Iwir «paa Ut mm «■> rfap^ h* 

I lb* iMwtfa-nig — bM- faibM-l 

WM almoa Inifl* bvrwlf. So «M b« siitet. JM 

Ibnm ImiUl Tlio]r all eotuiiM I^mb. E«<a]rfe 

«thin|{ ki Ml- vxar|it llie j'uunipMl RXtUoaMB te a 

>b» with a iM>h1t> ■nlf-tlnvnttiiu (tUl Um bwry «Mi, 

p Mr. Pwluiiir* bud wttbout faaii« talua ^ m 

tuyhtmif. At iMt tbar ^UMtnt nmi, waA iff^ 

jJD np •Uin to bwL Th* yminfMl fimMmaam ia ■ 

»M Tvlnkn) lij .FinkiiM fi« tovini Mr. ~ ~ '~ 

■«! ilut nti nuiiii-T. 

f mrnf<\ liim up vUin, nn-l croaKail tlw y 

M bvm; ilfl)!. lib iMlrooiB <ra* al tlw kf of lb* h« 

tl- WM ft knc vajr ; but Ibvf got blm lb«* la anH 

■. Hh mIwiI tlmi fraquruUj b|«b Ibc nmt 9m % t 

drop cf onrnnthing in drink. It mvuimI mi UMvjnmiT. 1 

youti(i««t )t«ntlpnian in ciimiianjr pntjioard a divngbt «f «■ 

Mr IV.'kK>iiir rall.-.l )jj]i. ..|.|.rnl.H..u- »ami« Vt tU .nff^ 

Jiiikiu.. ami (ioii.lrr t.-.k t)>c- n-»l ii|-m tl>rni«-l<^ 
maile liim a» ii« tlx-v .-..iiM. .4i l)ir .'iiUfU .4 
bed: oikI w)m-ii )..- »-.;,„-\ •li.].-.-.! t« >W|>, lli-v Mt k 
Rut )»-ri'rr ttii-v )iii<l all p>iii-l th- )>.it.>m «t t).- .Uirfw 
vixion of Mr. r<--k-Miir.<'1y nttir.^!, wo, .^n \.. U 
on thf top lamlini;. 1I<- dr-inil t<> r.>l|p<-t thnr •polinf^b 
wvinnl, upon Dk- nntiin- "f l.tinun h(r. 

"Mt lri.-n.lN" rri.-.l Mr. IWkM.iff, l—kin^ thr ha 
t<>ni, '"l.-t ii» imprtivf our iiiin.U l.y nintiial in<)iiinr awl J« 
ni'.n. I^-l iin U' mural. Ia-I uk rvutrinplalr nuM 
\Vh.Tf in.IiTikin.f 

"H.r-." rri«l Ihni p-ntl.m«n. "(i.. lo )«l a^-am*" 
"To U-i:- «id Mr r.-rk-mff. "H.-.!: 'Tl. It-- T^o 
Ihr *luty{ari|, I li.-nr liini ronijilain: Iiarp «>-kr b> 
aoon; I nuiat ilnmlK-r ni^in. If any y.mrii: »q>han «ill rrf 
llip romaiml'-r •>( Dial ■inipl.- pi.-^r fr<.tn iPiTtor WatU* nil 
tion, an "■liKi'-li- oi'|i"riiiriilv ii"w ..ll.-n^" 
NoKhIv r«|titit.-rr<-l 

"Thii i» vrri- •■-itliiiii;," mkI Mr. I'rrkmilT, aflrr a jm 

'^tirmrljr ao. I' aii.l ti-fn->liin|t . partimlarlt X- thr U 

m li-ga of llip liiimai. .nl.jpct. my fnrmU ar- a b-aol 

odufltiML Conip«K Utem with wuudrn li-it*. and ola* 


tbe difference between the anatomy of nature and the anatomy 
of art. Do yon know," said Mr. Pecksniff, leaning over the 
banisters, with an odd recollection of his familiar manner 
tmong new pupils at home, '* that I should very much like to 
see Mrs. Todgers's notion of a wooden leg, if perfectly agree- 
able to herself ! " 

As it appeared impossible to entertain any reasonable hopes 
of him after this speech, Mr. Jinkins and Mr. Gander went up 
itairs again, and once more got him into bed. But they had 
not descended to the second floor before he was out again ; nor, 
when they had repeated the process, had they descended the 
first flight, before he was out again. In a word, as often as he 
was shut up in his own room, he darted out afresh, charged 
with some new moral sentiment, which he continually repeated 
over the banisters, with extraordinary relish, and an irrepres- 
nble desire for the improvement of his fellow-creatures that 
nothing could subdue. 

Under these circumstances, when they had got him into bed 
for the thirtieth time or so, Mr. Jinkins held him, while his 
companion went down stairs in search of Bailey junior, with 
whom he presently returned. That youth, having been ap- 
prised of the service required of him, was in great spirits, and 
brought up a stool, a candle, and his supper ; to the end that 
he might keep watch outside the bedroom door witli tolerable 

When he had completed his arrangements, they locked Mr. 
Pecksnifl' in, and left the key on the outside; charging the 
young page to listen attentively for symptoms of an apoplectic 
nature with which the patient might be troubled, and, in case 
of any such presenting themselves, to summon them without 
delay ; to which Mr. Bailey modestly replied that he hoped he 
knowed wot o'clock it was in gineral, and didn't date his 
letters to his friends from Todgers's for nothing. 

Lin Axn AurnnrnM ■■'^.^^H 


Btrr Mr pMluniff <mBi« to torn <m IwriM Had W I 
gnltM Uuil Ww U «lirar> Uko^ ku fiiMU* wh t 
gan'i joTkl tmid, unMiadful c4 tlw wriBM* immm^ *fe 
«f«r ttwj might \m, ttimn hi* caln taotUantitmi ]!«. 

Tlmo ■ul Itdi! will wail no BUk Mith Um a^k, I 
*11 iii<^» Uvi- U. «nil (.-I liiiw an.l 1i.Ul TUt uk wU 
UkoM «t tite Ao-l, uoulJ 1««] .Sctk IWUiuU » k, iww 
wai marknl di.wn in lUr UMr, ami alxiit tn >o ■ 
Peckaniff linprril (ur irilami, immuidful <■( ll)*> ri^i^^w iJ I 
Avam ; Imt tl^n-, ii]oiii thi> waUr'a rtlp-, nrrf bu A 
■Ireadjr, atixd thi- worthy rn-atiirr, prrpaml In valUiv is I 
Tar^ roixl, mi tltat it i>li<l townnU thr <)Uart4>r of hu In-fw. 

The IniMtdilnraa of hi* Iwn fair ilaii)(htrf« vm fa»«rti 
iikInh). Th"y hail that tinn r^'lianrr cm tlx-ir |«r*tit'* m* 
whirh U<i){hl thi-in U> fn-l rrrtnin that in all hr <ti<l. U Ul 
|>i]r]Hwe atniit;)it ami full hrfori- him. AimI that iu i>»U* < 
anil ohjfrl WOK himM-lf. whirh almnat of nrmwitr larlw 
them, tlx-y kn^-w. TIip ilpvolion of lhn» maxU «u f«vf«t 

Thi'ir tilinl nuifiOfnii- wan iftnlrfnl lh# mor* t<a»rhtaf 
thrir haTiuK iio knowhilftf of thrir (Mirfmrii tra\ ilmpu^ m ' 
)im>rnt inotancf. All Diat thry knrw of hia jimmialui^a. « 
tliat rvi>ry iiiiiniinft, aftrr thr r«rly hn^kfaM, hr f^pwiad 
Ihn r.«t "rtio- nn'l in.iuirp-l f-T iHtrfn. Tl«l Uak p^.<r« 
hia iMiitin'v* f.-r the lUy wa« htpt; atxl hr ajain rrUiMl, « 
ttw nitntc "f an"thrr Kim pnrUiinpil thr ailTml •<( am^lvr p 

Thi' went on for four ,.t (iv rUyo. At li-tiKth. .«* w 

■»({, Mr. IWkinifr n-tuninl with a ImvthlMB npatlity. Htm 

> in him, at other timi-a mi ralm ; aD<l. •rrkukf IM 

dUlJ- ipccch with hi* <laii|ihirn(, nhiil himarlf up wiUi Xham 

pinU MofMviiM, (or two whula bonn. Of all thai pH 


( period, only the following words of Mr. Pecksniff's 
ice are known: — 

>w he has come to change so very much (if it should 
it as I expect, that he has), we need n't stop to inquire, 
irs, I have my thoughts upon the subject, but I will not 
them. It is enough that we will not be proud, resentful, 
>rgiving. If he wants our friendship, he shall have it. 
ow our duty, I hope I " 

t same day at noon, an old gentleman alighted from a 
y-coach at the Post Office, and, giving his name, inquired 
etter addressed to himself, and directed to be left till 
for. It had been lying there some days. The super- 
>n was in Mr. Pecksniff's hand, and it was sealed with 
icksniif 's seal 

as very short, containing indeed nothing more than an 
( ''with Mr. Pecksniff's respectful, and (notwithstanding 
has passed) sincerely affectionate regards." The old 
nan tore off the direction — scattering the rest in frag- 
to the winds — and giving it to the coachman, bade him 
IS near that place as he could. In pursuance of these 
tions, he was driven to the Monument; where he again 
d, dismissed the vehicle, and walked towards Todgers's. 
ugh the face, and form, and gait of this old man, and 
lis grip of the stout stick on which he leaned, were all 
>ive of a resolution not easily sliaken, and a purpose (it 
» little whether right or wrong, just now) such as in 
Lays might have survived the rack, and had its strongest 
weakest death; still there were grains of hesitation in 
id, which made him now avoid the house he sought, and 
to and fro in a gleam of sunlight that brightened the 
hurchyard hard by. There may have been, in the pres- 
f those idle heaps of dust among the busiest stir of life, 
ing to increase his wavering; but there he walked, 
ling the echoes as he paced up and do^vn, until the 

clock, striking the quarters for the second time since he 
en there, roused him from liis meditation. Shaking off 
ertitude as the air parted with the sound of th(^ Ixills, he 
i rapidly to the house, and knocked at the door. 

Pecksniff was seated in the landlady's little room, and 
itor found him reading — by an accident ; he apologised 
—an excellent theological work. There were cake and 

I little UUn — bjr awAbvr muMmi, fat i 

■ •polo^iiyHl. Itiilmi, bo tM, h» hmi fina lut vii 

■Iriut ti> inriakn of Uui aimpk i 
im^ whrn he knadted at the Jonr. 
four ilingbtera 
Wkati't -tlrk. 

, Viw. 1 
M, h» Mud, Ytfty good. Ha woold not i 
id Mr. Chonlawit to talw Um oMy-chur, or to hMf 
draught from tha door. If ha nuala aaj aach aig 
would oxpoaa hinuell^ ha fearad, lo moui na jmi am 
would, tbarefora, eaatant himaelf with UMartiwg Ih 
I an ««9>ehair in tba room ; and that tba door w« t 
ng air-t^L Thia lattw impariaetaoo, ha ai^ | 
T«Btur« to add, waa not nncommonlj lo ba mat witt 


Thi> olil man Mt 'I'lM-n in the ra*r-irhair. and aflat 
moiin'iit'' ■ili'iuf, Kii.l: — 

"111 til" lir-l \<U.<: 1.1 ni- tWik vi-u (-r r-minrf t.. 
■o |irim|>llv, nt mv aliinwt tiiii'iiiliiitiiil n-iiU'M . 1 iii-nl i 
ad.1. at my cl." 

"AlyoMro-wt. my K'"*l "if!" criitl Mr, I'rrkaniff, a 
lA KH-nt siiriTi-.'. 

"It ix Mot," mill Murtin, uraviTit; hi* hiiiiil itniMtipntl; 
haliil In |.tit mv — W.-11: iiiv n-lativiii- 




,.-ly 11... ,.^.,-, 

<■ rij;lit," 

.-1 Mr IVIi 

«i.| III.- . 

Mr. IV.-k.tiilf W.L. ii,««Tillv V. 
th..t,^-)i I..- .11.1 Ml nt all Li,..w'whv. 

"YiHi iir.- rinlil,-' r.-i.-nt«l M»rti 
It in Unit ii|> oil r>mu.ii. |>r>>..f. 

It J 


1 < 


■">■ I-**' 

III Ihw im 

llT-Tnl t.. I 



•■M-t awnn^llv n..t." ui.l Mr. IWkMiiff, 

")In» .1.. y..u kiK.wt" r.-turii.-.l th.- ..tli^r quirkty. 

are U> \a-ym tn kn.'W it now. Vku arr t.i li^ ut-l |>r<-T 

tim« b> r>-inr. V..U unl Tinirx uv !■• timl thai I na 

aUnt, and am not to he dirertnl fMm mj «nd. Do jtm 



Perfectly, »* said Mr. Pecksniff. 

I very much regret," Martin resumed, looking steadily at 

him, and speaking in a slow and measured tone : "I very much 

regret that you and I held such a conversation together as that 

which passed between us at our last meeting. I very much 

regret that I laid open to you what were tlien my thoughts of 

you so freely as I did. The intentions that I bear towards 

TOO, now, are of another kind; deserted by all in whom I have 

erer trusted, hoodwinked and beset by all who should help 

md sustain me, I fly to you for refuge. I confide in you to 

be mj ally ; to attach yourself to me by ties of Interest and 

Expectation " — he laid great stress upon these words, though 

Mr. Pecksniff particularly begged him not to mention it — " and 

to help me to visit the consequences of the very worst species 

d meanness, dissimuhition, and subtlety, on the right heads. '^ 

" My noble sir ! '' cried Mr. Pecksniff, catching at his out- 
stretched hand. "And you regret the having harboured unjust 
thoughts of me ! you with those gray hairs ! " 

"Regrets," said Martin, "are the natural property of gray 
hiirs; and I enjoy, in common with all other men, at least my 
ihare of such inheritance. And so enough of that. I regret 
baring been severed from you so Icffig. If I had known you 
i'wner, and sooner used you as you well deserve, I might have 
been a happier man." 

Mr. Pecksniff looked up to the ceiling, and clasped his hands 
in rapture. 

**Vour daughters," said Martin, after a short silence. "I 
don't know them. Are they like you 1 " 

"In the nose of my eldest and the chin of my youngest, Mr. 
rbiizzl»^wit, " returned the widower, "their sainted parent — 
Qj't mysi'lf, their mother — lives again. " 

"I don't mean in person," said the old man. "Morally — 

" T is not for me to sav, " retorted !Mr. Pecksniff with a 
pntle smile. " I have done my ])est, sir. '* 

"1 could vriAi to see them," said Martin; "are tliey near at 

Tliey were, very near; for they had in fact, been listening 
■^ the door, from the ])eginning of tliis conversation until now, 
*ben they pr*»cipitately retired. Having wiped the signs of 
•••bieaB from his eyes, and so given them time to get up 


stairs, Mr. Pecksniff opened the door, and mildly cried in the 
passage: — 

My own darlings, where are you f " 

Here, my dear pa! " replied the distant voice of Charity. 

"Come down into the hack parlour, if you please, my love,'' 
said Mr. Pecksniff, "and hring your sister with yoiL" 

"Yes, my dear pa," cried Merry; and down they can* 
directly (heing all ohedience), singing as they came. 

Nothing could exceed the astonishment of the two Miss 
Pecksniffs when they found a stranger with their dear papa. 
Nothing could surpass their mute amazement when he said, 
"My cliildren, Mr. Chuzzlewit!" But when he told them 
that Mr. Chuzzlewit and he were friends, and that Mr. Chuzzb- 
wit had said such kind and tender words as pierced his veiy 
heart, the two Miss Pecksniffs cried with one accord, "Thank 
lliuiven for this!'' and fell upon the old man's neck. And 
when they had embraced him with such fervour of affection 
that no words can describe it, they grouped themselves aboat 
his cliair, and hung over him, as figuring to themselves no 
earthly joy like that of ministering to his wants, and crowding 
into the remainder of his life the love they would have dif- 
fused over their whole existence, from infancy, if he — deiir 
obdurate ! — had but consented to receive the precious offering. 

The old man looked attentively from one to the other, and 
then at Mr. Pecksniff, several times. 

"What," he asked of Mr. Pecksniff, happening to catch his 
eye in its descent; for until now it had been piously upraised, 
witli something of that expression which the poetry of ages has 
attrilmtiul to a domestic bird, when breathing its last amid the 
nivag(»« t)f «ui electric storm ; " what are their names f " 

Mr. PeckHniir told him, and added, rather hastily — his 
calumniators would have said, with a view to any testamentary 
thouglilH that might be flitting through old Martin's mind — 
" porhaiw, my dears, you had better write them down. Your 
humble autographs are of no value in themselves, but affection 
may j)rize th(an." 

" Affe(*ti()ii/' said the old man, "will expend itself on the 
living originals. Do not trouble yourselves, my girls, I shall 
\ynt «u) easily forget you, Charity and Mercy, as to need such 
remembrance. Cousin ! " 
said Mr. I'ecksniff, with alacrity. 

(.'! <"> 

t. /.r.v./''- ■"'■''' 



• I. 



" Do you never sit down t " 

-"Why — yes — occasionally, sir," said Mr. Pecksniff, who 
hi been standing all this time. 
f ** Will you do so now ? " 

*'Can you ask me," returned Mr. Pecksnifif, slipping into a 
|iir immediately, "whether I will do anything that you 

"You talk confidently," said Martin, "and you mean well; 
tt I fear you don't know what an old man's humours are. 
foQ don't know what it is to be required to court his likings 
id dislikings; to adapt yourself to his prejudices; to do his 
iddiiig, be it what it may ; to bear with his distrusts and jeal- 
■nes; and always still be zealous in his service. When I 
imember liow numerous these failings are in me, and judge of 
keir occasional enormity by -the injurious thoughts I lately 
atertained of you, I hardly dare to claim you for my friend." 

"My worthy sir," returned his relative, "how can you talk 
I such a painful strain! What was more natural than that 
ni should make one slight mistake, when in all other respects 
HI were so very correct, and have had such reason — such 
try sad and undeniable reason — to judge of every one about 
)u in tlie worst light ! " 

''True,'' replied the other. "You are very lenient with 


"We always said — my girls and I," cried Mr. Pecksniff 
dlh increasing obsequiousness, "that while we mourned the 
rtaviness of our misfortune in being confounded with the base 
md mercenary, still we could not wonder at it. My dears, 
rou rememl)er ? " 

Oh vivitlly! A thousand times! 

"We uttered no complaint," said Mr. Pecksniff. "Occa- 
nonally we had the presxmiption to console ourselves with the 
^iiiark that Trutli would in the end prevail, and Virtue be 
'^Umphant ; but not often. My loves, you recollect ? " 

Kecollect ! ( V)uld he doubt it ? Dearest pa, what strange, 
'^Uecessary questions! 

**And when I saw you," resumed Mr. Pecksniff, with still 
•^ter deference, " in the little, unassuming village where we 
•ke the liberty of dwelling, I said you were mistaken in me, 
^y dear sir ; that was all, 1 tliink 1 " 

''Ko — not all," said Martin, who had been sitting with 


uid open hk teow lor mmw tfaaa pH^ ad lav M 

lain) "jcw nid nndt aun^ wkk^aUad tai«lh*AH 

OB Uul hiva enBw to bbj tawwtid g m tpmmt b^ <f 

■• ^4m lo mo, diaiBlgwloJIy, on ImbiH trf — I lali 

I Um. Yon know whom I ■»«■.'' 

*iU* WW upMMtl In Mr. I'MfanlTa n^^ « 

>«d hi* hot Iwnds ti-p^liRr. uul nfiUMl, wUk haA 

la dklitlamrtMUjr, tir, I Mstu* fun. " 

I. kmnr it," mm cikl Mutut, in hi* qoM way. "[ i 

of it, 1 Mid an. It WMi diuBtofMUd, ta^ ift j«^ 

•r UkMl bwd <>f Iwrpin i>ff (nm ms and la Ihife ori 

.laaU; amrt otltor nwm wouU han ■oArcd l^a W*^ 

■a i lvM bi all Itit^ir npscity, amd wtmU hm ilin«* tail 

ennlnat, in injr eatimaUtn. Tnu Ml far m^ mA 4 

n »ff. Idt which I <nn 7M Mny llMnU IHlii^ 1 1 

UM pliwT, I kn"w wlut (mmmI twhiml mj }mA, Tm mi!* 

"You aniaie me, air!" cried Ur. I'eduniff; whick «mI 

"My kn<.«).-lp' nf yiiir i<nK^-r.Unps" mlI U>* .il ■ 
"(liH-i nut i>t<>ii at tlitH. Ynii liavp a new lamatr la i 

"YiTs hir." r.'j.)inr.l 111- ■irhit«-t, "I havr." 

"Ilf niiiKt (pitl il," Hniil Mnrtin. 

"K.T — for voiinr" uxk.-! Mr. IVk»niff, with ■ inarM 

"K'T nliv »hi-ltpr In- ran Kti'l," tlip i>l<l man ttuwrTHL " 
hax .l.-.-.'iv<'.) V..II.-- 

'-I li..)H- n'ul." Mill Mr. IWkniiff raprW. "I trrut i 
I linv.- t-M w<l] <li-|— »l t....r>i. thai t.qac a 
I )i-|-- il raiitiMi 1.. .hown lUt hf Iwo forfrilnl Ul rlam 
niv |>ri>trriinn. I>.-«it — .Wiit, niv -Irar Mr. l'h<ii>W< 
wpuLI I- tinrd. I .li.><i).l h..l.) myM-lf I.mii>.1. .« fw^ 
tli^i-it. !■■ n-n..iiiir(- lilm instantly." 

Tl 1-t ninn ^U <.! at l>>t)i liii fair ni|>|<i>rt<-r>, hit ■ 

dally at Mi». M.rry. w\,..m. iuA^l. he I'-'k-l full in Uw fa 
will) a Kri'nt.r •l>-in-iti>-lrutiMn .>f inlrrmt than lu>l xr% ap^ 
in hi* f-ntnnn. Mi. k^"' a^-ain mrounliTnl Mr. IVckM 
Mb»Mi.l, rxni)— r.ily: — 

**l>f niurH- Villi knuw tW he luw mailr hw nalnsM 

"(A dew!" cried Mr. I'nckanifl^ mUkng hia Imir mf r 


itiff upon bis head, and staring wildly at his daughters. 
"This is becoming tremendous I " 

" You know the fact f " repeated Martin. 

''Surely not without his grandfather's consent and approba- 
tion, my dear sir! " cried Mr. Pecksniff. "Don't tell me that. 
For the honour of human nature, say you 're not about to tell 
me that ! " 

" I thought he had suppressed it, " said the old man. 

The indignation felt by Mr. Pecksniff at this terrible dis- 
dosure was only to be equalled by the kindling anger of his 
laughters. What! Had they taken to their hearth and home 
I secretly contracted serpent; a crocodile who had made a 
furtive offer of his hand ; an imposition on society ; a bankrupt 
bachelor with no effects, trading with the spinster world on 
false pretences! And oh, to think that he should have dis- 
)beycd and practised on that sweet, that venerable gentleman, 
rhose name he bore; that kind and tender guardian; his more 
;han father — to say nothing at all of mother — horrible, horri- 
ble! To turn him out with ignominy would be treatment 
nuch too good. Was there nothing else that could be done 
:o himf Had he incurred no legal pains and penalties) 
[>)uld it be that the statutes of the land were so remiss as to 
aave affixed no punishment to such delinquency? Monster; 
low liosely had they been deceived ! 

" I am glad to find you second me so warmly, " said the old 
man, holding up his hand to stay the torrent of their wrath. 

" I will not deny that it is a pleasure to me to find you so 
full of zeal. We will consider that topic as disi^sed of." 

"Nci, my dear sir," cried Mr. Pecksniff, "not as disposed 
)f, until I have purged my house of this pollution." 

"Tliat will follow," said the old man, "in its own time. I 
.ook u]Km that as done." 

"You are very good, sir," answered Mr. Pecksniff, shaking 
lis liand. " You do me honour. You may look upon it as 
ionc, I assure you." 

"There is another topic," said Martin, "on which I hope 
foa will assist me. You remember Mary, cousin ? " 

"The young lady that I mentioned to you, my dears, as 
bftTing interested me so very much," remarked Mr. Pecksniff. 
'Exciue my interrupting you, sir." 

"I told you her history," said the old man. 

un AXD unnTTUB or 
1 «iD Midi 


"W^b I abn 1 
emd Mr- IVkuiff. 

"Wkr, luok Mw!" Mid M«rti% ni^Mly |Jm4; 
faHvd I abiolij have Iim) bi uipi hta am» opoM ywa. ^4 
JPOB to r^wl hM h*<NLtkhlf for bj Mk«. Bm I f 
ban BO j«aln« 


I Wtw I 


■ oothiav lo pia, boH ■•, a^AiM^ arf 

■Hm two Mia IVfeMUb ■ 
vIm amiiCHiiivitt, and ibtat ranllal i^aipalbj wUb ito iMa 
iBf iibjecL 

" U I <nuU tun MlidlMUd what hm whm Is f^ hM 

Yea vaold wa d wr bw aavrtMW%; p 

Uili>«, uul W kiod Ui b«. If BMd ««m 

^^ >>/-[. wu thn ntplian whum Ibe l«a Mia* l'wk>«iA «■ 
not hare chpriahni in th^iT aiat^y boaoal Rut wbi 
i>ri>)iiiii wtw i'<<iiimF)i<lp<l til thrir nm W ««ip oq «W« 
cUintiii-l-ii)> l<ivi> i>f vi-an wui Kiuliinf; ftirtti. wtwl pihaari 
■iU)n'a I'f |«iiv ■ITf'tiiiii Vf^nml to rx)iriiil ihrnuclfM upu« 
All inliTvol piinii'-il. iluriiitc wbirb Mr. Chuulrvit. la 
aWnl (rainf -if iiiiix), >4t fia^iiit: at the icriund, «iti»«l m 
inX H wonl: iiti<l iu> it w«h pluu that hr hail du <I«b)iv b 
iutiTni|>l>-<l in liin mi'-litiitiniia, Mr. rrcluniff anil hw ilaaKt 
wprr |.r>.f.>iiiiai.v ■ ali~.. iKirinK th« «hnh- «t tW 1 
f(iiiiiK <lul'V"''< )'" li"'' l'>ti><' hu jiart vith a rolJ, p— la 
roiiitiliiiiil-', iiH i)i<m>;li lie ha>I tpamnl and jiauifullT rrhaa 

it all.'.| tin 



• t ,iiii| liii> innf;iin|:r miwt piir<Hira|{inf;. hr hwl nta 
iir nuiirxT. without thr hwl aUtrniPnt. But aam t 
k'-- ii'-r liri;;hliu-~' in liin <■>''-, and miitv ripcnwn* m 
■ - lif >uai<l, awaki'iiinit (n>in hu llHMi|{ht/ul mnud: — 
.11 kiK.v wUi »>ll lip oatd ..f thi.l Han jvK 

aiir aakML 

-'S...I ,.f «l,.t. niv .Iw .irt" Mr. IVkw 

"Of ilii« iii'w uiiil<-ri>lan>hii|i U-iww 

Ut. lV-vk>nilT l<»-kp<l )>'i»-v.>l.-iitly MKartoua. a 

(at atxvp all <-artliy miMiixlnirtioti. aa hp ahoak hM h 

obM«Tnl lliat a gtrml matijr ttiingi would be Mtd ^ A 



"A great manj/' rejoined the old man. ''Some will say 
that I dote in my old age ; that illness has shaken me ; that I 
have lost all strength of mind; and have grown childish. You 
ean bear that?" 

Mr. Pecksniff answered that it would be dreadfully hard to 
bear, bat he thought he could, if he made a great effort. 

"Others will say — I apeak of disappointed, angry people 
only — that you have lied and fawned, and wormed yourself 
through dirty ways into my favour by such concessions and 
such crooked deeds, such meannesses and vile endurances as 
nothing could repay — no, not the legacy of half the world we 
lire in. You can bear that ? " 

Mr. Pecksniff made reply that this would be also very hard 
to bear, as reflecting, in some degree, on the discernment of 
Mr. Chuzzlewit. Still he had a modest confidence that he 
oould sustain the calumny, with the help of a good conscience, 
ind that gentleman's friendship. 

"With the great mass of slanderers," said old Martin, lean- 
ing back in his chair, "the tale, as I clearly foresee, will run 
thus: That to mark my contempt for the rabble whom I 
despised, I chose from among them the very worst, and made 
him do my will, and pampered and enriched him at the cost of 
iU the rest That after casting about for the means of a pun- 
ishment which should rankle in the bosoms of these kites the 
most, and strike into their gall, I devised this scheme at a time 
when the last link in the chain of grateful love and duty that 
held me to my race was roughly snapped asunder; roughly, 
for I loved him well; roughly, for I had ever put my trust in 
his affection ; roughly, for that he broke it when I loved him 
most — God help me ! — and he without a pang could throw 
me offi while I dung about his heart! Now," said the old 
man, dismissing this passionate outburst as suddenly as he had 
yielded to it, "is your mind made up to bear this likewise? 
Liy your account with having it to bear, and put no trust in 
hdng set right by me." 

"My dear Mr. Chuzzlewit," cried Pecksniff in an ecstasy, 
"for such a man as you have shown yourself to be this day; 
for a man so injured, yet so very humane ; for a man so — I 
■m at a loss what precise term to use — yet at the same time so 
moMrkably — I don't know how to express my meaning; for 
ft man as I have described, I hope it is no presumption to 


Ltn A^D ADTKirmci or 


my Uui I, aai I ata mn I maj wU nj 

deiua, wn porfecUjr »grrtt in ihU, I Ihink 1), w«nM has ^ 

ttiinit whatovnl " 

" EuuQKh, " laiii MwUa. " Voa eui dMifk ■■ naafim 
on ma. VTheti do jruu rrtan boaw I " 

"Wbntwvvr ;oa phw**, u/ d«r fit. Tii li%H. I f 

"I daadni mAhing," MnnMil the uU mn-, "thU fa i^ 
■OMfah. Such a nwiueri. w»uU bo. Will joa W im^ 
ratam at tbff *Bd u[ tliia wM'k t " 

ThH nry tijDB (j| all iilbiin Uul Mt. PeckmS «imU tg 
mggHtoil if it hw) Im<<>» Ivft U> liitt to owk* bia a«» AA 
Aa bi bia doughtMn — thn wunli, " U4 ■• fae at ba^ i 
Bttunlay, dear iia," warn acttwUjr upun ibair U|«. 

"Your Mptnaaa, euuain,-' Mid MsrtiH, taldaff a MM 4 
of paipar (ma hb |iaekRl-book, "naj pn«iMy a— I A 
arainml. If ->, let m<- kcKxa- tlie T«]atHV tW 1 >i«« * t^ «% 
w« next mwt. It would be uaeleaa if 1 told jm vbm I f 

jujit n-iw 

; in.l« 

.1, I ] 

UlV.- tl 

.. liinl al.-l.-. Wl.rn 1 Un. y 

shall kii. 

.w it. 

V.,.> s 

1.1,1 y.« 

It ilnnjilitrni luaV 

f»l«-l U. » 1 

hflorf 1. 

•iiH; in 

till' 1 

iifun t 

inip 1 niwl iii>t 

trll t.<i that 

k«-p ..m 



What y.m will . 

1.. witrn 5m < 

homr in 


L.^l 1. 


^^ <;iTr rof ri. 

. aromht -.4 a 

any timi 

-; ami 



to it in anv wit 

■- I a>k tlMt 

a fav..iir 

. I ar 

n <-Mn> 


a man ..f f.-w w 

..r^L., rnuu). . 

all tint nml l*' 


ukI i>i-< 

• il Ml.l, I thw.k. 



pi*- . 

>( wii 

K nxTx-l •>( tl.l. 

• 1>.4M-It «k* 

critHi Mr 

, IV-k* 

niir, V 


lip to <)<-tain liito. 

- My ihw* - 

The m 

l-tiT* Hi 

■w to 

wait U| 

I-... L.m. 


■ K.rU: 

■ Ul.l 

1 Mr : 

IVkHHlT. ■'¥.«■ 

will -trw tk 

ainlatioii, my <lf>ar nir. lltry are nia<lr u|> li (tTlll^^ 
dunnuHlity W f[.) iKcjukU tJir w.irld With, Mr, 41»iaiV« 
My yaaiiiiMt dau{(liU>f u alntiiat a* much itf a wianan aa i 

taldnat, U ahr txA, ur I " 
"Whict it iIh- j,«iri(rF-.l." a«k"l tlir ..M nun. 
-Marry, by fi" ymns" «i.| Mr. I'rck.mff. "W* m 
jhMi vantnrv In nmndrr lirr rallirr a fint- (j^i.'urr. nr. 8pi 
■I aa aa artut, I ma) |>-i}«|>ii Iv )irnniit«l !•■ nifpat t 
KoHtbM t* ([Tamfnl and .-i>rT<^l. I am naturmlly. " b>I 1 
PlikMk^ dryiBK hu hau'i* u|h>ii tiii Uandkprcliipf, aad look 
MlliiariX n h^ aowia'a la» at almoat enrjr wiml. ** fnmk, 


I may use the expression, to have a daughter who is con- 
stmcted upon the hest models. " 

She seems to have a lively disposition," observed Martin. 
Dear me ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, ** that is quite remarkable. 
You have defined her character, my dear sir, as correctly as if 
you bad known her from her birth. She has a lively disposi- 
tion. I assure you, my dear sir, that in our impretending 
home her gaiety is delightful." 

No doubt^" returned the old man. 

Charity, upon the other hand," said Mr. Pecksniff, "is 
remarkable for strong sense, and for rather a deep tone of 
sentiment, if the partiality of a father may be excused in say- 
ing sa A wonderful affection between them, my dear sir! 
Allow me to drink your health. Bless you ! " 

"I little thought," retorted Martin, "but a month ago, that 
I ahould be breaking bread and pouring wine with you. I 
drink to you. " 

Not at all abashed by the extraordinary abruptness with 
which these latter words were spoken, Mr. Pecksniff thanked 
him devoutly. 

"Now, let me go," said Martin, putting down the wine 
when he had merely touched it with his lips. "My dears, 
good morning ! " 

But this distant form of farewell was by no means tender 
enough for the yearnings of the young ladies, who again 
embraced him with all their hearts — with all their arms at 
any rate — to . which parting caresses their new-found friend 
submitted with a better grace than might have been expected 
from one who, not a moment before, had pledged their parent 
in such a very uncomfortable manner. Tliese endearments 
terminated, he took a hasty leave of Mr. Pecksniff, and with- 
drew, followed to the door by both father and daughters, who 
stood there, kissing their hands, and beaming with affection 
ontil he disappeared; though, by the way, he never once 
looked back after he had crossed the threshold. 

When they returned into the house, and were again alone 
in MiB. Todgers's room, the two young ladies exhibited an 
miTiinal amount of gaiety; insomuch that they clapped their 
kand% and laughed, and looked with roguish aspects and a 
butering air upon their dear papa. This conduct was so very 
nmrcimintnblri that Mr. Pecksniff (being singularly grave him- 

ly^ Un ASH ADVmVMK 09 ^^1 

M Mu»l7 chonM Imt hIe Ui«m wImI il ai^i 
n in tank, in hu ycnlk imMttaitt, Ittr fiiAfai to 

«•■ pMHbls ki dirbw waf caBM Im tlu* aaiA 
~ ncMt tMBoU," ba mM, "I •bonU not NfNM 
a ytn eu bavn n»tM> wlwtonv — n4t. roaUy, nrf| 
ftdmonili^ hwl ■>< luU* •On* m Mwpqr Ikat dk 

lH^r«'lf )>rk ID iMt dwu, wilb wwy «lMMMMife 

M untwaM'&t; which mnl o( dnlr •» otflBriii 

oiff Uut hi KpfuTad hw in wl tiniis «mI ^n« b 

«tal wlriM to eomet lunaU ta nUtodt and «aMa^ 

■t that jutctam ihrj nn> itUttrrfnl t^ tW ■■ 

• in •liapuU: Bn*! iv r ■ '. ! f ■' . i \t naa 

«4.nutUr of llw nil- ■ :^ 

I J..n'l ran Ihil, \' I >,£ p 

mmn vho had lw«>n the youngeot gcnUemui id 

d«r "f the fpHtival — "I ilnn't rant tAat, i 

iina|i)>in): liU liiipT>, "for •litikiiii'. Ihm't nupfasr 1 <la~ 

-I «m .jMil.. .■.■ y...i .|..„-i, .ir," f|.hr.| Mr^ T«i 

■' VOIL 

huv.. Vi 


U-ul a !.[ 

lint. I know. 

t.> <i.M 1. 



.,uil.. n,.).1 

;. Th^r- 1- un rr,*. 

n -hT .^ J 

f[ivp w 

a\ lo f 

itiy p'Till<-i 

„nl., (■■ 

:v.r>U-ly nil 

1-1 Ir .rU . 

of Ilial 




think no 

m«T- •• 

( n-lmitliDK 

.lavhj:hi Ufa 


" IU>i.| 

(hi- voon, 

.-.l K-rn 

tlpman, in a 

, .|.-.(«-ral» » 


if h^ ■ 

SM a Inill'l 




■T- •IkI n<. 

I -t..p t 

■> ini|i]ir<- «h 

rtll-T. M a ■ 

..( ,.rii, 

H,.l.-. t 

ht-rr wa. It 

ny iMrti. fiuxin ( 

• •r xlmittiac 

h^U r 

t.. n )«lll-<l 

•e. .ilh.-i 

rwi- rhan U 

thr n.iunli 

>»■] -f 

hi- rv 

.-: I«>l .1, 

-i t.. wn,w I, 

i-r )Mn.U M< 


I him 

l*- rarrfiil 

." Kii'l 

thr vmmK--l 

1 L*ntlrmi«. 

L'ivr )i 

im «» 

mi-K N. 

< man - 

)inll >(••{< >>•( 

wrrn m' mi 

.■■.ri. til 

: ..f !„■ 

V vpnt-win. 

•>. 1 k 

n»w n Cov 

" — Im- nifd 


r .,.ui 

>r( m la. 


.n, U,t r..rn 

•rl^-l hlB»4 

..I lll.k- 

..f ,.n>, 

-rtv. I mr,.n — wb.. rm 

vitli t 

1 pnir 

..f 1.1-I..U 


, t.-M m( 1,1 

. nwn. H 


I.. U> 

rMTT rni. 

an.l t.. 

h-ilI a fr> 

w\ U. J»kl 


. will K 

:>-t u,t.. thf 


Th.l .all. 


Actin Mn. 




1 iiiigry ; 

ntertaineil by Mrs. Tod- 
lain ani'cilutc:! illiislr.tlive 
1', whidi viw wi'iit un to 
1 quitu uttTi 
aolcnin voit 
nquire, whiit ilw» thut 
u euppurt <if tliesii jiniiii- 

about ci(,'litci'ii Hhillings 

■d Mr. IV-cksiiitr. 
near thut as possible," 

.ded his ojmE, looked at 

, — is it possibli". Mm, 
unaideration ae cightdcii 

un AID Aiffwrrvtm o* 

jriM 'n bat anilenliiutl In Ihla IwiiBh" 

^Tb nolUMUduif 1 WH^" aid iIm jm 
"Thai* Ton wrnkm • ipml wMtilti^ mx," 




I Mat. TO- 
gHik ia llw ma* tttaia. "Aa mugr at Um ffall««« ■■< I 
hat* ofliB Mill, ytm wv tuu «m«ilini. Hat '• wW« M ii. 

Yov m irf Im lOMviKiliB a luUm ; It 'a ia font fpAtiL" 

Tbo fuiuig Ki-tilluiiuui coiiglttiL 

"Aod ws" Hill MnL Ti-litrn — "m I« Mr. Jinking I ^ 
liag o( jrou, if wc nrr lo [lait, to utnlmvUad that I doa't dM 
Mr. Jinkiiu I7 ui; mviiA Par frun iL I saaU vMk tW 
Mr. Jtnkiui w<wUi taltp a Uiwar tona ta tliia aaltUiahaHi. 
■ltd wimhl wA ba tba WMsa u( reiaing diAnWMM katwa^ m» 
Vd tmllaiww tbat I ean niuiJi leaa Inr lo pMt vttb t^M 1 
■nU vilk Ur. Jiakfau. )dr. Jiakiaa i* not Mth ■ hM4« 
rir," Hldad Mn. Toilgiira, "Uut all ntiMtakralinw nl f wiifc 
{••Uiift anil najMCt niro wijr ))t'|<.n> hiirk. (JuiU iIm ajoUMf, 

The yi'iiiitt p>i)tlrman wu ■■> raucti moIliAnl W tbnr aaJ 
nmiUr i>]H<*t'lics on t)ic |i«rt nf Mm. T»lK<-r> ihat br aal Uai 
lad; ([mliiolly i-)iant{<xl |Hi>ili>>n«; «■ titat diP lirr«m* tV 
injuml |<arty, aii'l lit wiw untlpn>t<>iii| U> I* thr injurrt, bd 
in a Foni|>lilnri)tar7, irnt iii an i)ffi-ni>ive teuae; kta crurl a«- 
duct bring altrilNiUMc !•• Iii* rialtinl natiirv, am) Ui Ibat al^. 
Bo, ID tho eml, tlin y«iin)t p-iitlcman «itbdn-« hu n.Ain-. *»1 
aMUreil Mn. Tiiil|i<Ta <>f hu unalterable rrgatti ; anJ ^Tnf 
tloDP •■>, went hack Ui Uuinnw. 

"(iix.lm-M me, Miw |>eckiinifr>: " rrird that My. m iki 
carnr inU) tlio l«i-k n><>iu, and wt wnarilr duvn, with brr taa- 
krt »n l..-r kn.^ »n.l ).er Imd.U t,>UM uj-.n iL "what a Ind 
of t4-m|irr il in t<> kii')) a Imum- likv thia! Vuu Mmt bn 
bnanl nimt of what lua jiut [laaeil. Nov did yuu rvit kat 
Ihr l.k- r " 

"Nerrr:" Mid the two Mi- i'pckiinifl*. 

"IH all th.- ridi. Ill y...ii,K f.-U.,w. thai enr I kad lo M 

Willi." ri.tim.--) Mr-. T-Uitu, "tlial u the nmat ridir«luM mi 
iint>-it«..i,.).l.v Mr. .hhkin. 1* hani u|.». bim anoieUM*. M . 
lint htlf A. bar<l .» br i|.-~Tvr.>. T.. mrtilion .ucb a g^uti-mm 
aa Mr .IiuLiiis in ihi- wtnr liD^Ili with Aim — yoa kwr* ' * 
Ujn iniirli: 11(1,1 y.'t he '■ aa jnaluua of bin. Ueaa foo, aa d h 
waa bu •'•(uaL" 



The young ladies were greatly entertained by Mrs. Tod- 
gers's account^ no less than with certain anecdotes illustrative 
of the youngest gentleman's character, which she went on to 
tell them. But Mr. Pecksniif looked quite stern and angry; 
and when she had concluded, said in a solemn voice : — 

"Pray, Mrs. Todgers, if I may inquire, what does that 
jroung gentleman contribute towards the support of these prem- 

'* Wliy, sir, for what he has, he pays about eighteen shillings 
a week," said Mrs. Todgers. 

Eighteen shillings a week ! " repeated Mr. Pecksniff. 
Taking one week with another; as near that as possible," 
Bald Mrs. Todgers. 

Mr. Pecksniff rose from his chair, folded his arms, looked at 
her, and shook his head. 

"And do you mean to say, ma'am, — is it possible, Mrs, 
Todgers, — that, for such a miserable consideration as eighteen 
Bhillings a week, a female of your understanding can so far 
demean herself as to wear a double face, even for an instant ? " 
"I am forced to keep things on the square if I can, sir," 
faltered Mrs. Todgers. "I must preserve peace among them, 
and keep my connection together, if possible, Mr. Pecksniff. 
The profit is very small." 

" The profit ! " cried that gentleman, laying great stress upon 
the word. " The profit, Mrs. Todgers ! You amaze me ! " 
He was so severe that Mrs. Todgers shed tears. 
"The profit!" repeated Mr. Pecksniff. "The profit of dis- 
simulation! To worship the golden calf of Baal, for eighteen 
shillings a week ! " 

"Don't in your own goodness be too hard upon me, Mr. 
Pecksniff," cried Mrs. Todgers, taking out her handkerchief. 

"Oh, Calf, Calf!" cried Mr. Pecksniff mournfully. "Oh, 
Baal, Baal! oh, my friend Mrs. Todgers! To barter away 
that precious jewel, self-esteem, and cringe to any mortal 
creature — for eighteen shillings a week ! " 

He was so subdued and overcome by the reflection that he 

"^mediately took down his hat from its peg in the passage, and 

Went out for a walk, to compose his feelings. Anybody pass- 

^ him in the street might have known him for a good man 

*^ first sight; for his whole figure teemed with a consciousness 

^^ the moral homily he had read to Mrs. Todgers. 


iMA 11111111101 a WMki oh pitifd, pjtifill 




This family were within two or three days of their departure 
from Mrs. Todgers's, and the commercial gentlemen were to 
a man despondent and not to be comforted because of the 
approaching separation, when Bailey junior, at the jocund time 
oi noon, presented himself before Miss Charity Pecksniff, then 
sitting with her sister in the banquet chamber, hemming six 
new pocket-handkerchiefs for Mr. Jinkins; and having ex- 
pressed a hope, preliminary and pious, that he might be blest, 
give her, in his pleasant way, to understand that a visitor 
attended to pay his respects to her, and was at that moment 
waiting in the drawing-room. Perhaps this last announcement 
showed in a more striking point of view than many lengthened 
speeches could have done the trustfulness and faith of Bailey's 
nature; since he had, in fact, last seen the visitor upon the 
door-mat, where, after signifying to him that he would do well 
to go up stairs, he had left him to the guidance of his own 
sagacity. Hence it was at least an even chance that the visi- 
tor was then wandering on the roof of the house, or vainly 
seeking to extricate himself from a maze of bedrooms; Tod- 
gen's being precisely that kind of establishment in which an 
unpiloted stranger is pretty sure to find himself in some place 
where he least expects and least desires to be. 

** A gentleman for me ! " cried Charity, pausing in her work ; 
my gracious, Bailey ! " 

Ah!" said Bailey. "It is my gracious, ain't itt 
Wouldn't I be gracious neither, not if I wos him! " 

The remark was rendered somewhat obscure in itself, by 
rsMon (as the reader may have observed) of a redundancy of 
aegatives; but accompanied by action expressive of a faithful 
eoaple walking arm-in-arm towards a parochial church, mu- 




tU Urt AKti ADTtSfTOtM Off 

ttrntlr MFUni^ng look* at 1ut«, it ctmrljr <4gMiSMl Utk jm/k"* 
enavirtiao Uwl Um eaUcr'a patpam ith nf aa aaniMM t^ 
ilcnc;. Mm rbuity air««1«il to j^fnm •» gVMt ■ bWny; 
but lbs OMtM uot ti*l[i RttUiji^ Ila ww • gtrnny* h^. k l» 
mn. Tban wh tlwajra Km* fround erf ptobaUUty ad UuK- 
boad BiaglMl vKli bu khmnl baUrioor. TiMt «w lb tirt 
of hi 

" Bat I ilon't know »t>y gtoUraui, IkiV?." Mhl STm Nfc- 
■nUt " I tbluk 7>Mi mint Iwrn aud« « wiflafct " 

Mr. Bail4-]r imiM at tlw AilmM vihbuv tt mttk a aff» 
4tiai). Biul n<.|{ard>«l th» Tiiuiig UdiM vith miapMwJ litU- 

"Hjr itru Mmtt." mM rharity, "wlio fw« it Iwl bal < 
«U f I bav« • pmt niMl ut to )(<> ia bin, nally. 6* mt 
Mftogi^ jruQ kwnrl" 

Th* ymum«r aMM phfal; fwnajrfmd Ibat Ihia appvl W * 
origin in tl>» prida M Mag eatln) tiprA uxJ ^knl t>< «< 
that il w«* inlrd'lwl aa an MwrttiMi of ■(iji'ti <r >;. .; ; - ' t 
tion ii{>iiii hi-r fi>r bnviiif; ca)>lunH) thr ti<Ritnrrru] ^pnllrBHi 
HMrt-foiv xlii- n')ilii-<l, M'ltli tn^-at airi-clion an<l i-'liiriHw. tU 
it waa ii« <l<>tiU \vtj ■trnii^i- iinlml; aixl tltat thr n t-**!)' 
at a liwa Id iiiiici-iTf w)iat llic riiliculoiu jimun unknuwB n«U 
mean lij it. 

"Qiiitr imi-wiMf to •Itvinf ! " nai'I CharitT. with amr thuf 
nrm, "tlnxiKh olill, at thr unif timr, fi<u tirmtn'l hr tafiT' 
mj dpar." 

"Thank yon," n-tort/^l Mnry, ninffing at hn Mvdk. "' 
am qiiil" awnr" r.f thni, my lovr." 

"I nin afrni'l yoiir 1ira<l !■ tumnl, ynu ailly ibin^' ■>' 

"l)ii y..u LriMW. mr ilmr," uiiil M^rrv, with «-n(facin( <*■ 
>l.rtiT, "Ihal 1 )i«v.< t-.n afnia of that, tnyorU. all al-«^' ^ 
murh iiirt'tuM' nii<l iK'tiwmu', ami all tlip nal <4 it, ta pbo^ ** 
turn a ■IrxiipT >i-vl iWi minr. What a rrlirf it miMl t> ^ 
■(ini, mv .Irar. l- l* — virv in that frcpiKl m' 
rot to )■' womi^l 1>y th..«- ••li.xi. mrn! How J^^ y,mie A. 
Iirrry T " 

Ilia arlli-u ininirr miirlit h»xr M i<> lurhulrnl rmtt^ M 

th.- otroHK ''moti..iui <.( .I.-Iichi frinnnl hy |t«ilrT jw«< 

fboan nlmh in llir Inni thr rnnvpmatinn hail lalrly tab* •«* 

*D ant*-, thai it impelled and tantd him to tba uataalMMi* 



ig step, extiemely difficult in its iiatiii«, 
!t moment of ecstasy, which is com- 
_'b Hornpipe. A manifestation so lively 
ketliatc rei?i illpction the greiit virtuous pre- 

vuiees, whatever you An," in which they 

lii-y furbore at once, anil jointly signilicil 

shdiikl preBumo to pmctisc that fi);iin>. 

lice, tlicy would instantly acquaint Mrs, 
nnil would demimd his condign jmiiiBh- 

hiil Luiy. The young f;L'iitleman having 

« of his contrition hy affecting to wijui 
ith his apron, and afterwards feigning to 
if water from that garment, held the dmir 

ity passed out; and so that dunii^l went 

Miive her rayBterioiis adorer. 

icurri'iice of favourahle circumstances he 
iwin^-r<Kiin, and was sitting there alone. 
said, "hi-rci I am, you see. You thought 
untt A\"l-1I ! how do you find yourself hy 

ed that she was 

Laid Mr, Jonas, 
pey, have youT 

quite well; and gave Mr. 

'and vol 

I „;- 

vcr the 

; other 

y well, I believe,'* returned the young ludy. 
■ complain of any inili«p.wition, wr. I'er- 
3 see her, and auk her ynursidf 1 " 
said Mr. Jonas, silting ilown Ijeside her 
"Don't be in a hurry. Thi-n- 's no occa- 
w. What a cruel girl ynu are '. " 
for you to know,'' said (.'hiny, "whether I 

' it is," Paid Mr. Jonas. "I .say — did you 
t You haven't tuhl me that." 
, jat all about it," answen-I Cherry. 
inonghT" said Jonas, pondt-ring upon this 
kd the other etw ? '' 
Ji imp".issiViln for nie t" :=ay what my sistt-r 

ve thought on such a snbjeit," cried Cherry. 

ything to mo about it one way or other." 

UPi ADO ADvixntkn or 

-OM. no donbt," mpUvl Mi* Ottnty 

" tvpaatoil JmM, Btrinc tha < 
Ua hat ut uiRr; kvck. "AJiI Il'« Itw U « 
itimt (Invn mt » lilUa flner tun. Wliy, b* '• at^Nf 1' 

" U b* iulmd I " auJ tbr juubR lid;. 

"Aad aofd," mtd Jimm, "■•nr !■• '• gna 
fivmf in. I <li)ti't tM Dtueli h> pvavaat kla laMg ttm 
■or «nn • bukJmL Wky. * wa vilh «tj halMif « 
111 II 1c< tMn<oifbty — btalaaoMK Vrhm\ 
gk«t I ■hooM \i\t lu know, «h« Im (mb Ijten la M 

> ItiM- tilm Uuri! Tltf*awm.«ad-Mi '• (b« Mife 

lA aitli a aavcUao^ ami a fn/frnt mom W vfcai '« i 

Ubi b* mtj laiiia^ to bv« liaiair " 


Is any one mirpriaed at Mr. Jonas making each a reference to 
Qch a book for such a purpoae f Does any one doubt the old 
aw, that the DotU (being a lajrman) quotes Scripture for his 
>wn endsf If he will take the trouble to look about him, he 
may find a greater number of confirmations of the fact, in the 
Dccorrences of any single day, than the steam-gun can discharge 
bills in a minute. 

'*Bat there 's enough of my father, '^ said Jonas; ''it 's of no 
ue to go putting one's self out of the way by talking about 
^im, I called to ask you to come and take a walk, cousin, and 
^ some of the sights; and to come to our house afterwards, 
lad kave a bit of something. Pecksniff will most likely look 
n in the evening he says, and bring you home. See, here 's 
is writing ; I made him put it down this morning, when he 
M. me he should n't be back before I came here, in case you 
cold n't believe me. There's nothing like proof, is there f 
U, ha! I say — you '11 bring the other one, you know ! " 

Miat Charity cast her eyes upon her father's autograph, 
bich merely said — "Go, my children, with your cousin. 
9t there be union among us when it is possible;" and after 
MMigh of hesitation to impart a proper value to her consent, 
ithdrew, to prepare her sister and herself for the excursion. 
be soon returned, accompanied by 3Iiss Mercy, who was by no 
eins pleased to leave the brilliant triumphs of Todgers's for 
te society of Mr. Jonas and his respected father. 

**Aha! " cried Jonas. "There you are, are yout " 

"Yes, fright,'' said Mercy, "here I am; and 1 would much 
ither be anywhere else, I assure you." 

**You don't mean that," cried Mr. Jonas. "You can't, you 
now. It isn't possible." 

"Yon can have what opinion you like, fright," retorted 
lercT. "I am content to keep mine; and mine is that you 
n s very unpleasant, odious, disagreeable person. " Here she 
tt^^ied heartily, and seemed to enjoy herself ver}' much. 

"Oh, you *re a sliarp gal ! " said Mr. Jonas. " She 's a 
^Rttlar teaser, ain't she, cousin t " 

Miss Charity replied, in effect, that she was unable to say 
'W the habits and propensities of a regular teaser might be, 
4 thai even if she possessed such information, it would ill 
*OiMM her to admit the existence of any creature with such 
^ vneetemonious name in her family ; far less in the person of 

CHUZZLEwrr 193 

I tell you that she don't t" le- 

rbal rejoinder, but he glanced at 

don in his face; and said that 

ahe might depend upon it. Then 

even greater favour than before, and 

tite manner was, to ''come a little 

that 's not easily overdone, father," 

the father, grinning already in an- 

ton. "Here 's the rule for bargains 
would do you. ' That 's the true 
»r8 are counterfeits." 
^applauded this sentiment to the echo; 
by it, that he was at the pains of 
ancient clerk, who rubbed his hands, 
winked his watery eyes, and cried in 
! good! Your own son, Mr. Chiiz- 
)ble demonstration of delight that he 
But this old man's enthusiasm had 
being felt in 8ym|)athy with the only 
linked by ties of long association, and 
less. And if there had lx»en anyUxly 
ink about it, some dre^^s of a lK?tter nature 
('rha|»s have been descried tlirt)Ugh that 
loly though it was, yet lingering at the 
t cask called Chutrev. 
ioIxkIv thought or said anything upon the 
11 back into a dark corner on one side of 
he always sjwnt his evenings, and was 
xl again that night ; save once, when a 
him, in which he wiw seen to soak his 
There was no reas4»n to sup|)ose tliat he 
le seasons, or that he heard, or saw, or 
remaineii, aa it were, frozen up — if any 
ich a vigorous process can be applied to 
{tin thawed for the moment by a wonl or 

tM hy desire of ^Ir. Jonas, and felt and 




un juTD ADmmrua w 

B MnvMl tkAtit, "wlHtavnr," tildn] CfaOTiy vllk m m^f 
ghtter, "«lwl«T*T ber nal lutnn m*; hn." 

"Well, my liMrl " Miil Merrr, "thn cibIt tAmmti^ I l«i 
lo mike ia, Uat if «« doa't go <i«l it ime% I aUI viAl^ 
Uki m; Uinnrt ttf aKun, kiiil aU; ■! hHBML" 

Thi* thTMl bwl Um Amind •ffaet «tf |mv«rttag i^y Mto 
■IbmtiiiB, fur Mr. Jonaa inn«U«talr jwipi^J a *<j 
mmt, wd Uw MM bting wtM wini>t»>wrty. Ikty ^ 
tMi Um humn Mwl g li h wy. Ob U« Jaara^i. Mt . 
gtw an ana to BMik OMnte; «Ueh kI of i^jlwliy Ui| 
olNerml hy IUIfj jnniav from Um pmk wMtfv, «■ «* 
Um Mlutal with k iimil and Tiolrat Bt irf (m^Wi^ t»«ttk 
putnjrun he wm rtill Uw vKtin wbM U»>jr tanwd th* <■__ _ 

Mr. JiBM iiM)ait*<l in th* lint jaltmm tf IWf vm^pt 
walkm, awi Iwinf luvvwl " Ym,' nIbUM Um* fM 
trUn pnrm bi a imttv ^^rm- tMt; fur ha ahawfrf Amtr 
BUDJ Uf^U, in thp w»y ot liri"lii»». •■hnirti— , .t*-**. «■ « <■ 
of tkcslmt, ami olliet frau upevLitJ.-, ^^. :J_: ..... j.,-- _-^ < 
moat |ii-<i)>1p m-p ill a twp|vi'mi>nth. It wu ■•)>vrYa>4r it ito 
gmtlptnan tliat lir lixl an inminiMiiinuMp <h»lwtr i.> itv im^m 
of huililirit.'"; an<l that hr wa> [-rfprtlr ar<)<iaint>^l «iU iW 
merita of all ■Iiowk, in rrti]<n-l <if whirh itirrr wa# an* rW^ 
for ailmiiwifin, whicli it Mrnml w.-rr t-vt-rr i>iw <)>-t•«tA>i^ •^ 
of th(- VPrr Inwnt ^'railo nf merit. II' ww h> thnr<mshlT ^ 
•eMWHl witli lliio nj.itii..n. that w)»rn Mix Oiiritr ha)f>aHl ■ 
mcnliiin th*" rircnmstnnrp nf thrir harmK (•^n Iwtrr « ifcnw 
to thp thcalm with Mr .linkiif an.l parlT. h^ imgmnO. M • 
mnltiT !■( ri.un"', "whorf iW I'tilrrn nuiir f riw I " anJ h»«< 
U<\<\ tlmt Mr. .Iiiikin>ati.l fartr jiaia, wa. Wt-imI .lnm[4M» 
Iprtniri.'l, '.lwrvin>; that "thpy mu^t W ni"- (laU. frrtaiah.' 
•nil -ifli'ii in tlic r>iiinM> of thr walk, iHirslini; nut tgv% tta** 
]i<>rf>-<-t '.>iiv<il-i.-n of Inniilitrr al llii- luriiu-infc ■iIIimv* <4 tkw 
p'nll.-ni<'t>, ntL.l i.|n.]Ul<-») at hi* own tui-Tior wi>.1.«l 

\V1,< I, lli.-t l>».| l> -n "Ut for ix-mr hnur* anl wrr- ik***^ 
f^tik-'i'-l. It ). .i.if l>r th»l time Iwili^-hl, Mr. .I..M. lalilB^ 
I), It I..- w.-til.l .li.w llirni .4ie "f Ihr )nt ptMn .i fw «<i 
hI.iIi li" MX' n<-.|tiaint<-<l. Thi> y\r ww »f « pnrttraJ kwL 
ai;! ir- li'iiiKvir hv in lakint: a harkn'r-nwh L> ihr nW 
ln>.ii- -I ]->^-i)ilitv f>r • •hillmfi. IIa|>|nlT il tr<«i^ tki« 
t.. Il,- j.U.-e wlirr.- Mr .l«na« .Iwrlt, nr lh*> yxtnin ladm m^ 
lus '' r itliir miun) llir jninl and acam o( tha jaaL 


The old-established finn of Anthony Chuzzlewit and Son, 
anchester Warehousemen, and so forth, had its place of busi- 
88 in a very narrow street somewhere behind the Post Office ; 
lere every house was in the brightest summer morning very 
Mmy, and where light porters watered the pavement, each 
fore his own employer's premises, in fantastic pattern, in the 
g-days; and where spruce gentlemen with their hands in 
9 pockets of sjrmmetrical trousers, were always to be seen in 
inn weather, contemplating their undeniable boots in dusty 
irehouse doorways, which appeared to be the hardest work 
iy did, except now and then carrying pens behind their ears, 
dim, dirty, smoky, tumble-down, rotten old house it was, 
anybody would desire to see; but there the firm of Anthony 
ozzlewit and Son transacted all their business and their 
asure too, such as it was; for neither the young man nor 
t old had any other residence, or any care or thought beyond 
narrow limits. 

Business, as may be readily supposed, was the main thing 
this establishment; insomuch indeed that it shouldered 
ifort out of doors, and jostled the domestic arrangements at 
ry turn. Thus in the miserable bedrooms there were files 
moth-eaten letters hanging up against the waUs; and linen 
ers, and fragments of old patterns, and odds and ends of 
iled goods strewn upon the ground; while the meagre bed- 
ids, washing-stands, and scraps of carpet, were huddled 
y into corners as objects of secondary consideration, not to 
thought of but as disagreeable necessities, furnishing no 
fit and intruding on the one affair of life. The single 
ing-room was on the same principle, a chaos of boxes and 
pa{)ers, and had more counting-house stools in it than 
irs — not to mention a great monster of a desk straddling 
r the middle of the floor, and an iron safe sunk into the wall 
ve the fireplace. The solitary little table for piirposes of 
«ti<)n and social enjoyment bore as fair a proportion to the 
k and other business furniture, as the graces smd harmless 
ixations of life had ever done, in the persons of the old man 
I his son, to their pursuit of wealth. It was meanly laid 
, now, for dinner; and in a chair before the fire sat Anthony 
ttelf, who rose to greet his son and his fair cousins as they 
fin ancient proverb warns us that we should not expect to 


IM ijnc Axi> Ai>rxirnriun or 

find oUI tiMcb ai-m ynajif tlimililan: tn vUA N mf 
vMmI Uwt He *rl4uni tumit wtUi tUl "Tfn*-i-f o^AM 
lut we (wl a «trtiti|t Jaure to knock Uiaa off ^ mmftij baa 
iabannt Iut« >e tun c4 miiig lliio|i« in IImw n^ jfei 

It ii Ht UH|M»lallll> UmI ■•■)' tMpn, ID IM) VIM «ifc4i^ 

aatun^ f*U lliia itapolM rUn^i op "lUim tiwmt, «)■■ < 
Brri mmAe Uw ■ditwiiiUiMt o( Mr. Juum, hil a tWf ' 
knovD hitu Binn itUitnatrly in kU tin Imm^ td W 
vith him nt hu uirn Ixaixl, it wutild amanXtj km t 
|ianBi<mut Ui all othrr nuutilmlwuM. 

■■Well, ghuM!" Mid Mr. Jmm, duUfdly i1lii^i| 
(•tMDl by Uut Ult«'. " U diaM«r noarij iMdjr t " 

'* I ■bnuld Uiink It vai^" r^jwiaod tlw oU mk. 

"WW* the Roud (J thUf*nd«lB«llt»*w. -/Ai 
thbll it wwk. I wuit to tuaiw." 

"Ab! 1 don't kauw for oeruin," M*d Antttony. 

"ViKi d<n't know fur n-rt«iiL," n<jiii]M>d lu« mm JA*k 
lose. "No. Vou don't know uylklog for aalifch 
dua'L Qi«» in« your ooidU hrf*. I wml it lot tkapk' 

Anlbony lundnl kirn • bktloiwd old oOca cmhUmM, < 
vhkh Mr- Jouw pnoMkd tba r<Mii« UIm I« Ite ^^1 
mo. whoi* b* l«ft than lo tdt< off tiiiir ilMwb m4 Iih 
iHtaiwBft Msmfriad ht w MJl m n|wiiiag t IhUI* rf « 
I onriajf-knifat ud ■aH*ttR« ooaifliMrt 
ktt falbt't, unlit llwy ami tbs diniMr 4p|B«n4 t^Mtt^ ' 
rv(wat ri>ti*i*l«l u( a 1x4 U« •■( iwiHon •tib y ori | 
loa*-, and Uid dMbt* Imvihh Iwmi Mt «poa Um l«Ua If ■ I 
akad old winwn. tb«7 raw left ta a^ioy U rftor IhW • 

"Basbaliv'B QaU, y<m kxw, MBaia,'' Mi<l Mr. Ji 
ClMrity. "I aay— tba eUm om will ba faarlBft • k 
Uua wken aba ijela kiHM, won't iliMt Han. fm m 
ti|M aMle mT IH, «■! 1 -U Imv» Iwr afxw tha WL (M 
will yvfi iMn» hara I " 

"Vou'ra auih • frii^ii," m|4Ud M«vy, **ttel I I 
ahall kar* m> appabt* if I (it ai aaar yM . Wl 1 <■{ 

f »hiai>M«dMr. JaMitolWrftel 

' fiW, 

>-'ll.<Hi I 



" mpllMil lliaa 
k riJiiihiw QW 


"What 'b that precious old father of mine about now t " said 
r. Jonas, seeing that his parent was travelling up and down 
e room, instead of taking his seat at table. " What are you 
okingforf " 

"Pre lost my glasses, Jonas," said old Anthony. 
"Sit down without your glasses, can't you?" returned his 
n. "You don't eat or drink out of 'em, I think; and 
here 's that sleepy-headed old Chuff ey got to ! Now, stupid. 
b! you know your name, do you? " 

It would seem that he didn't, for he didn't come until the 
ther called. As he spoke, the door of a small glass office, 
hich was partitioned off from the rest of the room, was slowly 
)ened, and a little blear-eyed, weazen-faced, ancient man came 
eeping out He was of a remote fashion, and dusty, like 
le rest of the furniture; he was dressed in a decayed suit of 
ack, with breeches garnished at the knees with rusty wisps 
ribbon, the very paupers of shoe-strings; on the lower por- 
im of his spindle legs were dingy worsted stockings of the 
ine colour. He looked as if he had been put away and for- 
itten half a century before, and somebody had just found him 
i a lumber-closet. 

Sach as he was, he came slowly creeping on towards the 
Ue, until at last he crept into the vacant chair, from which, 
I his dim faculties became conscious of the presence of 
fangera, and those strangers ladies, he rose again, apparently 
'tending to make a bow. But he sat down once more, with- 
it having made it, and breathing on his shrivelled hands to 
arm them, remained with his poor blue nose immovable above 
' plate, looking at nothing, with eyes that saw nothing, and a 
ce that meant nothing. Take him in that state, and he was 
I embodiment of nothing — nothing else. 
"Our clerk," said Mr. Jonas, as host and master of the cere- 
anies; "Old Chuffey." 

** Is he deaf ? " inquired one of the young ladies. 
**Xo, I don't know that he is. He ain't deaf, is he, 

**I never heard him say he was," replied the old man. 
** Blind! " inquired the young latlies. 

•*N — no. I never understood that he was at all blind," said 
«iat carelessly. "You don't consider him so, do you, fa- 


UFK AXU Aovumntti ov 

"OrtjuDly Dill,'' rv]tli«d Anlboajr. 

"Wat U li*, tlienl" 

"\nr. I -II t4<U ytni wW )m b," mmI Mf. J« 
tb* jruuDg )adu«^ " bo '• jiKduiu oU, fur «• t] 
KUi't but pkwvml with bim for lb«l, fur I Uuok ^ 
moat barn cani^it it o( hUM. lln '• ■ •Imie* oM «h 
muthMr," )><• wbled in a Uiutbir vnicM^ "aiul ik«'l ■■ 
ni7 «• hwilljr, but Aimf Il« (loiitlMl to U* 1 
pvruit with iIm cMvinii-tovk, in onW thai Uh^ aigl 
wbum ha bibmbL 

"How vary ittupl " «rinl tba aiitaM. 

"Wbr, 7ua mm,- wia Mr. Joaa^ "bt'a Imm aAi 
old faniaa with tiganm and book-liM|4i>g all bia I 
twenty jaar agu iw ■■ ba wmt and (oak • farcr. AD tt 
bs WM ml of hb hml (wUcb w» Ihraa wwka) ba « 
off oaatinn ap; and W 0°* l*> *<* nuqr mDImm al tml 
dm'l bOiara b« '■ aver Imi qoiln riifbt alscai Wa d 
tnii«b buBinoM nuw thoagb, and ba ain't a bad «InIu" 

"A n«7 pkmI oa*^" aaid Anlliiioj. 

"Walll Ua ain't a daar <MM al all avani 
"aid Ha Mma liia «]t, wbieh ia aoongli fur mmt b 
waa lalUm yaa that ha hafdljr uadaMand* anj «w «m 
fitbari bt alwajra undantaadt bin, tbuugh, and «a 
qolta wuddtufuL lla 'a laan awd In bia ways an ba 
•aat Why, I'-n aeen bin play wUal, wiib my I 
partBtf. and a goud raUwr bxi ; wbui h* bad mm waw 
what ■Oft of paopla bo waa |dayiug afdiut than yg« ki 

"Ha* ha nu a[>|i«til«1 " aakHl Mm;. 

"Ob yn^" aaul Jooai, fiyittf lii* n«n knil* md f 
faat. "Ha aata — wb«o ha '• hrlj-d. Hal ba 4 
wbvtbrr br waita a niiuula iir an bi.ur, m Inay aa Mba 
ao wh«t 1 'ta at all kliarp lal, aa I am to-day, 1 a^ 
aftar I '*• takwi IIm aj^t* <' lay awn ha>v*< T^ 
How, ChitAty, atB|nd, ara ytia nady t " 

Cbuffay nnainad imnaraUa. 

~ Uwnja a iMrma idd Ua, ha waa," aaid Mr Jmm 
' taaUlo aaothcriliea. **Aak Us, IwWl* 

" Ar» yon naily fiit ynur dinnar, CbaAay T ** aifead I 

" \'>m, ).^" Mbl CbaSay. li^Uing ip tnlo a mlMmt 
amtufm 4t Um S»l ■wnd >d Ifaa ndaa, mt tha* It «m < 


nirious and quite a moving sight to see him. " Yes, yes. 
ite ready, Mr. Chuzzlewit Quite ready, sir. All ready, 

ready, all ready." With that he stopped, smilingly, and 
t«ned for some further address; but being spoken to no 
•re, the light forsook his face by little and little, until he 
8 nothing again. 

''He'll be very disagreeable, mind," said Jonas, addressing 
I cousins as he handed the old man's portion to his father, 
le always chokes himself when it ain't broth. Look at 
n, now. Did you ever see a horse with such a wall-eyed 
[iression as he 's gott If it hadn't been for the joke of it, 
rouldn't have let him come in to-day; but I thought he'd 
use you." 
The poor old subject of this humane speech, was, happily 

himself, as iinconscious of its purport as of most other 
oarks that were made in his presence. But the mutton 
lug tough, and his gums weak, he quickly verified the state- 
nt relative to his choking propensities, and underwent so 
ich in his attempts to dine, that Mr. Jonas was infinitely 
iused; protesting that he had seldom seen him better com- 
ny in all his life, and that he was enough to make a man 
lit his sides with laughing. Indeed, he went so far as to 
lire the sisters, that in this point of view he considered 
ulfey sujKfrior to his own father; which, as he significantly 
led, was saying a great deal. 

It was strange enough that Anthony Chuzzlewit, himself so 
1 a ni;m, should take a pleasure in these gibings of his esti- 
ible son, at the expense of the poor shadow at their table. 
it he did, unquestionably : though not so much — to do him 
slice — with reference to their ancient clerk, as in exultation 
the sharpness of Jonas. For tlie same reason, that young 
in*8 coiirsc alhisions, even to himself, filled him with a 
althy glee — ciiusing him to rub his hands and chuckle cov- 
ly, as if he said in his sleeve, " / taught him. / trained 
Ti. This is the heir of my bringing-up. Sly, cunning, and 
i^etous, he'll not scjuander my money. I worked for this; 
hoped for this; it has been the great end and aim of my 

What a noble end and aim it was to contemplate in the 
•tiiUDent^ truly I But there be some who manufacture idols 
•tt the fashion of themselves, and fail to worship them when 


Uri AKIi ADVR!fTtIin OV 

Uwjr tx* WMtit; chanting tbair tlel'iraiiy na outn^ idi* 
Authuajr <ru batUtr UwB Umm, at uiy r•l<^ 

OiNllnr hiffiM iivw hw put* •> >'>••« U»t Mt. Jmk b» 
faig imtieuM^ Uxik it f^'>m hin it Lvt with lii* on k«^ M 
raquratnl lii* fatlirr Li Bignify fai lh»t vrdMali* pWiw Od b 
lud l)pU»r " [v^ away at bi* 1«»mI ; " whkli AbUmmj ilid 

"Ay, ay I" rrml lh« "M nun, hniflitownit «p m blM 
wbvn thia «u mtninaninalnl (<> liim in tfa* mm* v*itM^ '4* 
riiilit, qniu H^il. M« '• jn-nt own mib, Vr. ChaaMl' 
BIm hitu f»r « aliaqi IhI T lUna Kin, MnaUuI" 

vith arxM MwB, tlMt bfi only ImkImI Uw annt. mI U 
hi* wiuiB* that h« waa afnuil om of Umm flw <1»^ tl^t 
wimM ba tb* dMth of him. Th» rkAb wm Umi i g — m < •* 
llw bottb of triM Bft Mpi4i th* ufa)»h tram wkkb Hr 4«« 
UM tba yoaRii UiUm' gW-^ nlltnft i« Hwrn bmI lu ^m K 
M tlwy Mifbl b* eartaln lluiro wm plaal; uwa «h«m lU 
(MB* from. ilat. b* Mldad wjlh «MB* laMle »t\rr •' ■ - 
Uwt il waa nuly Ku juk*, apd tiwy wimUb'I mipj'- 
b* is aBmcaA, ha waa aur*. 

" I ah«U ilhnk," aaiil AntliMty, "U PKkaaiff. V— • UM 
my ib«r<L A ttmrn ntn, Haduniff. A ^nrj ■«' > 
hjpMiribt, thtmiih, rht A bvpoertU, girl^ abl lU h* b' 
Wall, •» ba M. Now, rawait truHxIa — h« U. I •>■' > u^ 
ttw wcm> u( buD fur ihal, nntaaa it b iImI W ■*-- •■ ' 
YcNi nwy ovMdn uirthliHL Bf ■*"**■<■ Y«a n •' - • 
•TM hjrpumay. Aak Jaua!" 

"Yav oD't imorfo hikiat n» "( rnniwU," «■!»«■■< tt« 
iMpafnl santtMMB, whk to wratl. full. 

"Pa yon hMf UmA, ny daviat" cn^l ADlbaaiy, ■(vM* ^>W 

Ht. Jnna 

W Ua brm>r>> 
IK ba! T-11 "• 

"Ooul pvioua Eoa!" Mud (iHVTy, im • |H*ulMi 1 
**Ym«h UU h*r r""*". ir jiMwtab, fw>'t T-<** 

**B1m «•«»• ht naif «ieli |>im of n«*," ' " 

"TbM «li7 iM«i juu ttwUa TMinatlf ■'- 
i^. "1 •■ mm aba dnaan't UwMm Ivf- 

"Dn't rfN tiMgh t " Mlud Jmm. 


1 gracioas me, need I tell you that she don't t" le- 
lie young lady. 

fonas made no verbal rejoinder, but he glanced at 
rith an odd expression in his face; and said that 
t break his heart, she might depend upon it. Then 
d on Charity with even greater favour than before, and 
her, as his polite manner was, to ''come a little 

-e 's another thing that 's not easily overdone, father," 

I Jonas, after a short silence. 

it's that!" asked the father, grinning already in an- 

irgain," said the son. "Here 's the rule for bargains 
►ther men, for they would do you. ' That 's the true 
precept. All others are counterfeits." 
lelighted father applauded this sentiment to the echo; 
so much tickled by it, that he was at the pains of 
; the same to his ancient clerk, who rubbed his hands, 
lis palsied head, winked his watery eyes, and cried in 
;ling tones, " Grood ! good ! Your own son, Mr. Chuz- 
with every feeble demonstration of delight that he 
ible of making. But this old man's enthusiasm had 
^ming quality of being felt in sympathy with the only 
to whom he was linked by ties of long association, and 
•eseut helplessness. And if there had been anybody 
o cared to think about it, some dregs of a better nature 
Qed might perhaps have been descried through that 
lium, melancholy though it was, yet lingering at the 
f the worn-out cask called Chuffey. 
liters 8too<l, nobody thought or said anything upon the 
so ChulFey fell back into a dark comer on one side of 
lace, where he always spent his evenings, and was 
;een nor heard again that night; save once, when a 
ea was given him, in which he was seen to soak his 
3chanically. There was no reason to suppose that he 
sleep at these seasons, or that he heard, or saw, or 
bought. He remained, as it were, frozen up — if any 
)re88ive of such a vigorous process can be applied to 
Qtil he was again thawed for the moment by a word or 
»m Anthony. 
Charity made tea by desire of Mr. Jonas, and felt and 

191 un Am AuvuruuB o» 

lookvJ M lOu lU bdy DfllM hmiM, UmI •>»] 

dsM liMMr iMf, and wkiapoiiiR • TxiiHf m 
■loM !■ bM OK. Hi« Hurt, f«r W pM^ I 
nant of Um ovmbg lo tw w dulinetty aid t 

tha alM iOMlUr lUplnMl Uw IIMUM ' 

nMnwnti bo •lonfal, wMrjriiig far bar f 

jMAottkj'a oMwi^iwT. Aa l» Anllwa;, 
ootrinlit, ao Jatum aod ilmity had a da« • 
aa loug aa Uw; clma* to kwp fww^rai ol I) 

When Iha Ina-ttay waa laltMi awaj, a> 
Joaaa produenl a dirtj park of carda, .. 
abfan will) divnn Nnall f«aU of drtlMitr ; 
uot poaa of wvry om wva that jrcMi van l«3 
intu laytBK a yngit with 7ini tbat ;o« eouf^ 
wwa tbm Ifluaa^iaUljr to win and podnl I 

JoBuH inbtinad Ibeip Ibal Uwae aMcaii|ilialini 

vcyuB la 11m bm« iBlaUaduI umlM, and UmI lH«r 
wan otwalMlly ahawgim kuda «a hwIi hacanfe Al 
W nawrlHal that ha foil; Wli-vl iMs r.r ih-ra I 
[dieiljr of inuimH|iwl«aalh>iii .r.<>ia«« 

•11 Butlan wh«ma lirrlj l> ' mtm 

raqoiiod aa tba frmtiid-v-nk v^ ■ 

niwl cTwIqlniH ni nvn. Mi< ih^T,,!.— . -..>.. b^ A 
may l" takxn into ammnt, if Uu> rvadat ptev^ MfM 

TtiU finv ToTiAK nun lukl all ttw iadtoaU<« In la • 
of Iha firat iratirr, ami ooly In. L'<l ll>' "if piod In 
a«nnH>n mUlmpM ol daWn' ;. la^ad 

W • snlaMa Tafahonl V- ' »al | 

hahUa atopmd in; aad aa o.>- .«>• i 

■BOthM, wIlKB wln J uwa miiHiiH smu-i iuh a««fl, I 

nalratiwx] by a l«d pai wn B frMU iputtaf hia Ml ■ 
«ril, whan viria* mtihl bar* amgkl %m hold Mm 
Bjr tha Utae ha had nufnUad all ' 
r vpon tl>« rani* It waa giwwlng 

i a wUh lA rwlwn h 
ty, woold hy wm mm 



and pieferring many other complimentaiy petitions of 

ture in lus ovm hospitable and earnest way. When all 

rts to detain them were fruitless, he put on his hat and 

lat preparatory to escorting them to Todgers's; remark- 

t he knew they would rather walk thither than ride; 

t for his part he was quite of their opinion. 

3d night)" said Anthony. "Grood night; remember me 

k, ha, ha! — to Pecksniff. Take care of your cousin, 

rs, beware of Jonas; he's a dangerous fellow. Don't 

for him, in any case I " 

, the creature!" cried Mercy. "The idea of quarrel- 

r him! You may take him, Cherry, my love, all to 

f. I make you a present of my share." 

lat! I 'm a sour grape, am I, cousin f " said Jonas. 

Charity was more entertained by this repartee than one 
have supposed likely, considering its advanced age and 
character. But in her sisterly affection she took Mr. 
o task for leaning so very hard upon a broken reed, and 
at he must not be so cruel to poor Merry any more, or 
larity) would positively be obliged to hate him. Mercy, 
ally had her share of good-humour, only retorted with a 

and they walked home in consequence without any 
lassages of words upon the way. Mr. Jonas being in 
ddle, and liaving a cousin on each arm, sometimes 
•d the wrong one ; so tightly too, as to cause her not a 
aconvenience ; but as he talked to Charity in whispers 
ole time, and paid her great attention, no doubt this was 
dental circumstance. \\Tien they arrived at Todgers's, 
J door was opened, Mercy broke hastily from them, and 

stairs; but Charity and Jonas lingered on the steps 

together for more than five minutes; so, as Mrs. Tod- 
werv'ed next morning to a third party, " It was pretty 
hat was going on there^ and she was glad of it, for it 
Bras high time Miss Pecksniff thought of settling. " 

now the day was coming on when that bright vision 
had burst on Todgers's so suddenly, and made a sun- 
in the shady breast of Jinkins, was to be seen no more ; 
t was to be i>acko<l like a brown paper parcel, or a fish- 

or an oyster barrel, or a fat gentleman, or any other dull 
of life, in a stage-coach, and carried down into the country ! 
sver, my dear Miss Pecksniffs," said Mrs. Todgers, when 


Lin Axu AitfBirrL'un or 

imi tu mt on Um> ImI ■isht ti iWr at^: "mw 

^to at Uu« prmiil unBMiit at tla*. 1 ikn't Mw* te 
wm wiU Im tba gnnlk mca Uwj »«n. or sBrlkim tt» ft 
Bol Itm *Mk» to cuoBK. Yuu !»*• ■ fimak 4hI li 
<ur, bglh of jroo. " 

r anlMtlr dMduBMl aaf wtUvl mna y ia th« A^ 
itoef thb^pv «nd RffToUMl Hnxymn^ 
a |toH pa, but "mid Mm. T ml gi ia . "TWt'i • 
tfjr dau HiH l>MlniiUr% yoor |a !• a parfart -■• - 
. pwi and Iotk" 

HtainiBlf an (UMHtaintr aa to Um |«ftkiilar kimi ^ baa 

.•4 U> faa MUpfiaad in llr. l'«dunira mimitu, tU y«^ 

I HMMvad Ika eirauitBral falh« aMlf. 

! 1 daiwl," aaid Hai. Todga^ panairiat lU^ "to -rtila* 

. ^-.Siliww wUkb hm laaa n|>Nad in b^ mJ to Ml y^ 

why I iBuat I«^ if ynn to loavo thv liUie <loat tot««Ni j^m 

room and mtna u|»n bt-nitflit. I ilmik x-^\ vmiM I* nlw«k^ 

Hut I m>i-tirt il.. it, f..r I |>ruiniM^l Mr. JiukiM bakfall; 

tbat I woul.l Iv lut .il.'iit w tlie t»mU" 

"IVar S[r». Ti"i>!<'r"I wluit con ymi nif«nt " 
"Whv tlx'Ti. ii» ■w--t Mii> I''pc-kt>m^^" -u.! tl»» Uv ^ 
the houw; "my ..<rii l.v-*, i( ynt will Ukxr mr tU t«iT>«v 
u( takint( lliul fri-»l<iiii i>ii llio cvi' ..f .nir ■r|«rat>.'ii. Mt J»- 
kiii* snil till' |{<'iil)i-rii'-ii lure inwlo ii)i a htUr laiuural p«n 
UnollK llli'lll->-lv<«, mill •!'• JI|U-||.1 iii llir >lni.l ••( Uiu K^ !■ 
perfiinn ■ ■•'' ii|>in tlin i>Uir<> .■uui.lp lli« a..«. I n«y 
have wi-lii'.]. I iiwri," uiil Mr*. T"lKrt«, wiih lirr tuoal (••*■ 
■llflit. "tliil i( liii'l Iki'Ii tilol III Ltkr \ilarr an tfair >« t** 
t-arli-r. I""'.iu-'', utiiTi )(i'iitli-lll'-ll -ll UJi Ulr, l\iry tlnok, Mi 
wli'ii iIk-v Itiiik,. Ill' y >>■ Ti.ll iH> mM-ml |>rrlu|a ■• wIk^* tto« 
iUm t. lEiii till- IK ilic nmni^m^iii, uii) I kni>« t<« vtU W 
«r4liti---i, iiiv .| Ml*. IVkwiilK l.y «ucb ■ mark td ito* 

Til.' \-''\u.: l.>'li'< w.r.' il liM •> miK-h fxriud bv iW Wi 
iKa ;ii-^ I >'-'-l lli-'V .'"i]l<l i> t lliiiik •<( g^ing u, iwi. ««t)] iW 

..,..,.,1.. V. .. ....; Ilul l...lf oil ) r ,4 r...| »||.|« » alMa 

fi.-il ..|.;h Ti ll.,.l t!..t ii..l ..Iilj w.-nl U> Ul, liUl trU wiwf. 
■Ill H.-n' iwT<--\-t wt -.-lali'-ally i-lumnl to W i ik i ^ 
fiiii' lutu |fI.T»J^i• l>y ri-ruiii >hilnrt atrsiiM twrakii^ in Bfaa 

III- -ll.'l.l Ojllh'.* »f lll<- lllglll. 


It was very affecting — very. Nothing more dismal could 
have been desired by the most fastidious taste. The gentle- 
man of a vocal turn was head mute, or chief mourner; Jinkins 
took the bass; and the rest took anything they could get. The 
youngest gentleman blew his melancholy into a flute. He 
didn't blow much out of it, but that was all the better. If 
the two Miss Pecksniffs and Mrs. Todgers had perished by 
spontaneous combustion, and the serenade had been in honour 
of their ashes, it would have been impossible to surpass the 
unutterable despair expressed in that one chorus, ''Go where 
(^ory waits thee I " It was a requiem, a dirge, a moan, a 
howl, a wail, a lament; an abstract of every thiug that is sor- 
rowful iLnd hideous in sound. The flute of the youngest gen- 
tleman was wild and fitfuL It came and went in gusts, like 
the wind. For a long time together he seemed to have left 
off, and when it was quite settled by Mrs. Todgers and the 
joong ladies, that, overcome by his feelings, he had retired in 
tears, he unexpectedly turned up again at the very top of the 
tone, gasping for breath. He was a tremendous performer. 
There was no knowing where to have him; and exactly when 
you thought he was doing nothing at all, then was he doing 
the very thing that ought to astonish you most. 

There were several of these concerted pieces; perhaps two 
or three too many, though that, as Mrs. Todgers sjiid, was a 
fault on the right side. But even then, even at that solemn 
moment, when the thrilling sounds may be presumed to have 
penetrated into the very depths of his nature, if he had any 
depths, Jinkins couldn't leave the youngest gentleman alone. 
He asked him distinctly, before the second song began — as a 
pergonal favour too, mark the villain in that — not to play. 
Ye«, he said so; not to play. The breathing of the youngest 
gentleman was heanl through the keyhole of the door. He 
didn*t play. What vent was a flute for the passions swelling 
up within his breast 1 A trombone would have lx»en a world 
too mild. 

The serenatle approached its close. Its crowning interest 
at hand. The gentleman of a literary turn had written a 
on the departure of the ladies, and adapted it to an old 
tone. They all joined, except the youngest gentleman in com- 
pany, who, for the reasons aforesaid, maintained a fearful 
The song (which was of a classical nature) invoked 

^^ Un ASD ADTUnVUi ov ^^H 

1 dI Apolkk ud dnauded la kan ^^H 

. Tod«m-> •hm Cuxirr ml Hnn aii^^H 

m <i» _rii~t .p. don to U» r^MiUljai. 1 

lot ■» k. •!»» UiU Ik lb> IVkalA •«• a^ 

lUanmUbinlanwlll-INdaidlk Id M 


■atfbl Uck. il doxl >lll. Uih rn.: — 

J pnMttUd thk tamttfnl pktan to th» ^^irtln 

■ gratlnMn gndnallj wUbdnw to bad to ^t« Uto aaifa i 
aneet of dUUncc ; uid ao it died mwajr, utd Todgwa'a vaa b 
to iU rrpow. 

Mr, llaili'v rtvt'n-*^ liia vnral iifli-rinff iinlil lb» ni«u>| 
wliFii lit- I'lil liiM litiiil ilit<> tW riHiin ■• tlip y<>uii)i Iwim «•« 
knevluii; lifiirc ihcir Ininkii, [Mckiiiu u]>, anil tirXnl iW« < 
an itiiiuii<-ti uf llic vi>ii-<' uf m younn <l<i(( in triititi ntT«a 
■Uncm; uliin Hint niiiniol ia iiu]>|i<imhI hy \»n-^ia .•! mbni 
fancy ^l n-liwi- liin fii-liiiK" liy calling lor [wn mi<I ink. 

"W<-ll, ynuiii; loilicis" iiaiil tlie ytiutli, "so yuu 't* a |<M 
homr, arp \<m . worse lurk t " 

" Ypb, Itailfv, If V K"'"»t ti"»i'»'." i*lun>«i M^rry. 

"Ain't yiiii a R'lini; t" Ipavi- lumo <>( "ria • luck oi w» 
tiair I " ui<tiiir>-il lh<- ymith. " h 'r rral, ain't it I " 

Thi'V 1.iu,-lii-<l ut lino, atiil li'lil Inra nf r>rttr*p il «aa. 

"Hli. i. It nf rniinr tli.xiKliT" -aii) lUilry. "I know brito 
Ihaii tlinl UiTFi aiii'l. Wliy, I »rr It lianyiiig u|< •«(% « 
tli»t iiiul Kv ll.<- wiihliT. It.-,i.lns I'vr R.<nr Irbind k« i 
<lii>ii.'r.t,t».' uti.l |.iill.-.l it. aii.l Kl.r nrvrr knov'J. I «< 
I'liitii; 1.1'Ik ■ . I 'ill n p'ltit; III l>>avr, I ain'l a (Tt^vif to ■<■* 

i. lilt ...ll-.l Tnii..-. I.y h.-r In. l.mK^r." 

Ml" M'Trv Lii<|Uif^l wlijt lim I'lan* fir th- futurt B«k 
I-'. Ill rr].ly In Hln.tii Mr. lUilry iiitiiiialr.1 lltat br Utn^U • 
Ipiiiit; < itli. I itil" l..(^U-.l- nr Liilii Ihi- anny. 

"Int.. Il..nri.i%- ' Tir.! (Iir v>»i>k1*'1><«. wilhalM^lL 
" Alt ' " Mill llailry, " wtiy Hot I Then '• a Baajr draa^ 



in the Tower. I 'm aoquainted with 'em. Don't their ooxin- 
try set a valley on 'em, mind you ! Not at all ! " 

** Yon 'U he shot, I see," observed Mercy. 

"Well!" cried Mr. BaUey, "wot if I am t There's some- 
thing gamey in it, young ladies, ain't there? I'd sooner he 
hit with a cannon-ball than a rolling-pin, and she 's always a 
catching up something of that sort, and throwing it at me, 
wen the gentlemans' appetites is good. Wot," said Mr. 
Bailey, stung by the recollection of his wrongs, "wot if they 
do consume the per-vishuns. It ain't my fault, is it! " 
Surely no one says it is," said Mercy. 
Don't they though!" retorted the youth. "No. Yes. 
Ah! Oh! No one mayn't say it is! but some one knows it 
i&. But I ain't a going to have every rise in prices wisited on 
me. I ain't a going to be killed, because the markets is dear. 
I won't stop. And therefore," added Mr. Bailey, relenting 
into a smile, "wotever you mean to give me, you'd better 
give me all at once, becos if ever you come back agin, I shan't 
be here; and as to the other boy, he won't deserve nothin, / 

The young ladies, on behalf of Mr. Pecksniff and them- 
selves, acted on this thoughtful advice; and in consideration 
of their private friendship, presented Mr. Bailey with a gra- 
tuity so liberal that he could hardly do enough to show his 
gratitude; which found but an imperfect vent, during the 
remainder of the day, in divers secret slaps upon his pocket, 
and other such facetious pantomime. Nor was it confined to 
these ebullitions ; for besides crushing a bandbox with a bon- 
net in it, he seriously damaged Mr. Pecksniff's luggage, by 
ardently hauling it down from the top of the house; and in 
short evinced, by every means in his power, a lively sense of 
the favours he had received from that gentleman and his 

Mr. Pecksniff and Mr. Jinkins came homo to dinner, arm- 
in-arm, for the latter gentleman had made half- holiday on pur- 
pose; thus gaining an immense advantage over the youngest 
gentleman and the rest, whose time, as it perversely chance<l, 
was all bespoke until the evening. The l)ottle of wine was 
Mr. Pecksniffs treat, and they were very sociable indeed; 
though full of lamentations on the necessity of parting. While 
they were in the midst of their enjoyment, old Anthony and 

urg AMD AtinxTtniu or 

9 ntuuiKMli Murli la Um «nn<rM of Hi ISA 
„i««t]j w tlw (lia>-<iBifitan( i4 Jinkin*. 
*o My gmal-ligr, jvu an*," ntJ Antbna^, is • bw 
•. I^Klw■tR; m Um7 Imk Um^t «■■■ spMt «l to 
Um mat co ii w « i»d UMm lfcMwlT». ** WkH>*i 
dlvUoii MwMH jron aikd ntl W« •• *• Mi 
ptlr rf Kiwn, wImi %pui, VtAmiMi ImI l^** 
tUt«. Ebl" 

, ay good dr," i»j«Md J^*- Ptafc*^ *• 

_B i KDDw atwal tlul," miA lb* oM ma, **k« I^m ■• 
w{d« I wiiitlil nitmr tUffv fnini tkui «fm vilk. Mm 
"• my opiniuB at yua." 

-•kamiit, ftill bavinit "hnawrilc" in bto i 
' • muitMi of hi* hnul, wUwli «■• r-mthhn k 
^i*V liiw aij ■ noftnlivi* alwkr. 
~i;omptiinpnUiy," wid AMtHwy. " C'«Bpli w f Ui y . ifM 
nj wunl. It wu mi invoIimUry trilwl« to yoar >kilitai^ 

PVPII at lilt' tiriif , hIkI it Wn/< tii>t a lime I-> ta^mrmt o«i[jiiHi 
(■illirr. r.iil »■■ .inr..-.l III tin-, j.m kn-.w, tlut "r •jut* 
umliTKl'-.! rnrli ..tlxr." 

"Uh, i(iiit.-:" lUMiil^l Mr. rn-kMiitr. m a mannT vbtk 
implinl tliil li- hiKiTlf «i>K mi>iiii.l.'r-l.— I tu..4 rm'lU. M 
woiiM D'.l r..i<i|.|.iin. 

Antlioriy tiUwA nl lii- -.n iw tir mI l»i<|p Mua <lMntT. 
UmI thru .It Mr. t'-.'k-niir, mkI lL<-n at lii< ■xii ■t.-am. nfi 
manv tim>-F<. It )i.i|.|><'ii.'>l tlml Mr. tWkinitT'a rUikh l.>A • 
similar 'lin-limi . l.iit mIhii In- ta-miiir awarr iJ il, !»• Bwi fw* 
>|..»ii hi- •■^.■-. uii-l tli'ii .-l<-'-<l lli.'iii: !!• i( l>p ««tv d.«-rmiw4 
tliut t)i. -.1-1 II...I. ~U-.»l.\ r>^ul»ii: Ihrrr. 

■■.T..„>. ,- n -lir.*.! 1...I," -*i.l tlir „l,l man. 

"11- .i|.|.ir.. " T.j:.|ii.-.l Mr. r.-<-kMiirr m hia i»»t eawbJ 

■ At.. I ■■ 

!>-tM\.- •.11-1 111.. ..Kl man I l,,w i-..|..uU.- 
.'"- .,.1.1 Ai.ll.-.i.v m III. 

nxi>\ Mr. IWkn 
- [ think W k 

...|.| Mr |Wk-nilT. with hu r 

- , i.-,.l..-a k.n.l J 
- ll,..r. .. II. Il,..t. -ir." 
Intl.- ■■<.^ta<-M ill th^ MninUac t* 


oar experience) " returned Anthony. "Isn't there a trifle 
more here f " 

"Impoflsihle to say," rejoined Mr. Pecksniff. "Quite impos- 
sible! You surprise me." 

"Yes, I know that," said the old man drily. "It may last 
— I mean the sweetness, not the surprise — and it may die off. 
Supposing it should last, perhaps (you having feathered your 
nest pretty well, and I having done the same) we might have a 
mutual interest in the matter." 

Mr. Pecksniff, smiling gently, was about to speak, but An- 
thony stopped him. 

" I know what you are going to say. It 's quite unnecessary. 
You have never thought of this for a moment; and in a point 
so nearly affecting the happiness of your dear child, you could n't, 
IS a tender father, express an opinion; and so forth. Yes, 
quite right. And like you! But it seems to me, my dear 
Pecksniff," added Anthony, laying his hand upon his sleeve, 
"thMi if you and I kept up the joke of pretending not to see 
this, one of us might possibly be placed in a position of disad- 
rantage ; and as I am very unwilling to be that party myself, 
you will excuse my taking the liberty of putting the matter be- 
yond a doubt, thus early ; and having it distinctly understood, 
as it is now, that we do see it, and do know it. Thank you 
for your attention. We are now upon an equal footing ; which 
is agreeable to us both, I am sure." 

He rose as he sjwke; and giving Mr. Pecksniff a nod of in- 
telligence, moved away from him to where the young people 
were sitting: leaving that good man somewhat puzzled and dis- 
comfited by such very plain-dealing, and not quite free from 
a sense of having been foiled in the exercise of his familiar weap- 

l^ut the night-coach had a punctual character, and it was 
time to join it at the office; which was so near at hand, that 
th«*y had already sent their luggage, and arranged to walk. 
Thither the wliole party repaired, therefore, after no more delay 
than sufficed for the equipment of the Miss Pecksniffs and ^Irs. 
Todgers. They found tlie coach already at its starting- j)lace, 
and the horses in; there, too, were a large majority of the com- 
mercial gentlemen, including the youngest, who was visibly 
agitated, antl in a state of deep mental dejection. 

Nothing could equal the distress of Mrs. Todgers in parting 

• «Dh Id Mr. pMloBiff. N»t«t avralj vw » pxite 

« id takas ia ud out o( k hi rrtinla m (Am » Ik 

b ra^ u iha atood npon Uw p> ww l I9 lb «■ 

Mrinl on cjUmt tida fagr a iimwumI yMtlmM, ■ 

bl of tht ouKlk-lam|M oacbt raek 1«mI mmAm 11 

of ttu pad iiMa'a Im* m lU ■— I— I ill i| ■* 

iiiUna dlowid. For JiakiB^ lo lU 1m« iha j«af 

■n'a ludi *b«^ ia llfa, itwid apoa Un ■ itt ilip U 

» U»a U<Um. U|>>n th* oOmt «up «m Mr. Jtnm^ m 

.Mt gootlMMa, who had faMB Inl vpea th* pMa< « 

ittha bookiB(-«ae> Moiv Urn bkek Md nd p^d 

■ portnltt ol fart aoachaa, whaa ba waa i^aaMiB 

•1 bgr porta(% aod had to eo«la«d wrf abtnpa^riHl 

baaT7 li^g^a. TUa falaa poaiUtB. eoaUMd «« I 

naiTou* exdUment, brought about Iba «ci7 cnaiiw— Hm ■ 

caUatro)ihe of his miaeriM ; f<ir vben, in Ibe biiw»«I rf pa 

ilifl, li>- atintil a fluwcr — • liiitli<iiiM< fl.iwrr, th*t tu>l n«t »>* 

— >t tl«' fair )l>ii.1 .i( M-tcv, it nwli.<J, ia*I<M.l, tb* oacte 

■Ml till- lux, wlio Ituuikini liim kitntly, ami ituck it m K> h 


Tlipjf w<rp off now ; nn.l TiniKPtw'i wm klmc atniu. Tfc« n 
jouDft lailins l>-aiiniK lui-k iti tlu-ir x-iaraU iMnwrv. tt w tl* 
tbrlDM-lvoK Ui tb<'ir ••vru nttrrtful tb<mt{bu. Itut Mr IVi 
anilT, ilioioiiwiliK all i-iilifiiK'nU (-••ni>ii)rnliiiii« of Kirial piMVB 
•till PtijuyiiKiit, conn' III rul<-<l liio mnliUtiooa on tbv <«• fia |iiir|x>»- U-f.irc bini, of culiim out thai ii^M* ■ 
(l.-.-.iv.'r. wh..^ |ir>-«>'ii.-<' v<>t troiiU.-U hi* dutiiMtir br.anii. m 
wiu a aocriliiji' u)Km Ibi- alUn ot bia buuarbuU KuU. 




Mb. Pinch and Martin, little dreaming of the stormy weather 
that impended, made themselves very comfortable in the Peck- 
gniflfifln halls, and improved their friendship daily. Martin's 
facility, both of invention and execution, being remarkable, the 
grammar-school proceeded with great vigour; and Tom re- 
peatedly declared, that if there were anything like certainty in 
human affairs, or impartiality in human judges, a design so new 
and fall of merit could not fail to carry off the first prize when 
the time of competition arrived. Without being quite so san- 
guine himself, Martin had his hopeful anticipations too; and 
they served to make him brisk and eager at his task. 

'* If I should turn out a great architect, Tom, " said the new 
pupil one day, as he stood at a little distance from his drawing, 
and eyed it with much complacency, "I'll tell you what 
should be one of the things I *d build." 
" Ay ! " cried Tom. " \Vhat ? " 
** Why, your fortune. '* 

"No! " said Tom Pinch, quite as much delighted as if the 
thing were done. "Would you though? How kind of you 
to say so. " 

"1 M build it up, Tom," returned Martin, "on such a strong 
foundation, that it should last your life — ay, and your chil- 
dren's lives too, and their children's after them. I 'd Ix) your 
patron, Tom. I *d take you under my protection. Let me 
*^ the man who should give the cold shoulder to anybody I 
chose to protect and patronise, if I were at the top of the tree, 

**Xow, I don't think," said Mr. Pinch, "upon my word, 
*ott I was ever more gratified than by this. I really don't." 

il 1 nuM what t «y," retorUd Maitia wttk « «a« 
■w umI Maj in lla cowliMmMiai fa\ mi Iw mj to Ito «■ 
m for, Iba olbrf, m if b* w«f« ■limljr Pint AnUmI 
mi; bt all llw (^«B*d Haxla in Enfup^ **I '4 4» S 
" Dnvids for yon." 
t am afnia," Mid Tihtb, •UOan U* ^mV "tkal 1 ^ 
ntKbty ■witwui] per*m ki jiniviilK ftir." 

It. pooh!" njuiiMMt MkHtn. "Nam Miai UhL 

. it iu iiif hoHl bi Mf, ' i'iiKh ia « cfa w Wl*«. 

/« of IliH-h ; ' I «h(Hil<l tili« I" know tW m^ vW •« 

_i* bi fMt kituMilf in t>|>tiusitiun t« an. BmUm^ oata 

"on, jrou «nut>l hr iMttuI to nw in a hiukdnd wifn* 

If I mm not luefnl in ia« ut twis H AoaUat l». 

of tqriBg," aatil TiHJL 
ror JMtinw. " (mnrunl H«nin, a(l«t ■ Uurt n^dk 
■jittt'A b* * rai'iU] fi-Jlitw. ■•»•. V< mi tUt mj kIiw « 
pra)ml]r carried out ; and to avrrlook tba work* ia Ibav |« 
rcM bcfcir« Lhcj wrrr ■uftiricntlr advuirad to hr rt^ iwm 
in^ to mr ; nixl !■> Uik" all Oial M>rt <>t pUin Milltift Tl 

you M !-• il i-iil.'n.H.) f.'IL.w tu •t...w j.-..].!.- uv.r n.T U-Ar^ i 
to talk nUmi Art !■. i-m, wti.n 1 r.Mil.ln't U )■ r*<l ni- 
Uid all kin'l <>1 iWw^. For il «-t]l.l tir ,l.xxU,h -rr 
talil.'. Tmiii (1 111 .|iiiU- ill i-«rti«.t, 1 Ki\.' v-u hit ■,ri- 
haTi> a niiui "f yiir intomiatixn nl-mt i<n>'. iru>Ira.l l *■■ 
orlinarv l.|.-kl»n.|. (Hi, IM takf car* of v.-u. \\m i, r.-lv U|-.ii it!" 

Til «>y (lull I'miii ],:i<\ nn iitrn of flayinft hr>t h-iaU la i 

Hirinl >'r<li>->lr.>. Int w.i. ulw^t. iiuitr luili.tir.) Ii> )■- mt J 
f.<r ll«- lioiKlr.-! iii.l lifiirtli VI..1JI, m t)..- Uiul. .-r th<T<t>)« 
ia (■< •'X|>rcxx liix in->li->t\ in v<Ty imKl-xt'ial*- l<>mu. Hi 
mn<)>t»l, Ili.nfMr.-. l>v lW«. ..Wrtalmn^ 

"I .l.-.iii.i I- iiKirn.^i t.. Ii.r th.ii. T-i... ..| nrntw." . 

Whut Wiw tlint ir)ii<-). rhisrkr.) T.>m I'lIK-h •« >oJJ>«h 

tli>- )iit:l. How -l til- l.'l:>■ll1•'■.^ IfiiiKuit: il.>- M...1 mu- k>. h 
.-.t <)..■. L.. Aii.l n r^o.-r.. ful f.i liii»t I.. h» li.'ii»l bwl > 
hr *.!■■ uMw..rlliv ..( 1,1- fn-n.|"- r.-irir-H 

"I .h..iil.| U- Tn..rr;-.| 1- Ur llirii." uid MarliM. U4 
«.i1, ^ .11,^1.- I..>tit'l- tK. lul.t '-.iii.l «•> -Ii-mM l^ir. 1 k a).>ul n- Th.y M )•' \'-t\ fxxt ..( v«u. TxM. ' 

Itut n..| . «,.t.| U1.1 Mr. t'lurb. Th« OMtU b> wmU t 


altered died upon his lips, and found a life more spiritual in 
self-denying thoughts. 

*'A11 the children hereabouts are fond of you, Tom, and 
mine would be, of course," pursued Martin. "Perhaps I 
might name one of 'em after you. Tom, eh? Well, I don't 
know, Tom 's not a bad name. Tliomas Pinch Chuzzlewit. 
T. P. C. on his pinafores — no objection to that, I should say f " 

Tom cleared his throat, and smiled. 

** She would like you, Tom, I know," said Martin. 

"Ay!" cried Tom Pinch faintly. 

"I can tell exactly what she would think of you," said 
Martin, leaning his chin upon his hand, and looking through 
the window-glass as if he read there what he said; "I know 
her 80 welL She would smile, Tom, often at first when you 
•poke to her, or when she looked at you — merrily, too — but 
70a would n't mind that. A brighter smile you never saw ! " 

"No, no," said Tom, "I wouldn't mind that." 

"She would be as tender with you, Tom," said Martin, "as 
if you were a child yourself. So you are almost, in some 
things, ain't you, Tom ? " 

Mr. Pinch nodded his entire assent. 

"She would always be kind and good-humoured, and glad 
to see you,'' said Martin; "and when she found out exactly 
what sort of fellow you were (which she 'd do, very soon), she 
would pretend to give you little commissions to execute, and 
to ask little services of you, which slie knew you were burning 
to render; so that when she really pleased you most, she would 
try to make you think you most pleased her. She would take 
t«» you uncommonly, Tom; and would understand you far more 
delicately than I ever shall ; and would often say, I know, that 
you w<»re a harmless, gentle, well-intentioned good fellow." 

How silent Tom Pinch was! 

"In honour of old times," said Martin, "and of her having 
heani you play the organ in this damp little church down here 
— for nothing, too — we will have one in the house. I shall 
build an architectural music-room on a plim of my own, and 
it *I1 look rather knowing in a recess at one end. There you 
•hall play away, Tom, till you tire yourself; and, as you like 
to do so in the dark, it shall be dark ; and many 's the summer 
•▼ening the and I will sit and listen to you, Tom; be sure of 

Lin AXD AUfunim or 

> twrR iwiaind a attongw affotl «■ Tm naiA'a 

. Ibe iMt oti which bo nt, aad iJmIM Ua fnni hy 

>th iu>U)tt^ bat •Pimttj and fiBh^l faittig fid 

m; it nujr hav« rn|airoi| « i l wgir afforl to ^ 

lU Kt with ■ pun ImmI, Umm ta irktwi Mmj 

iMtt b> wkkh lb« ttiwbtful Iruafiit U««a hy I 

7 nMMwbd. DmiUIuI beAiu* from U* ba( b 

> JBWM of TiakM^ Uw raiokv kvl ibMa .tf ilwU 

I Um bgm of tl»t bnv« iiumitBtBt ; >m1 it h m* •! 

miIm an ahiMr Inut or limvfiil. 

I a ymi of tbn kituliWM at liuman nahai,'* ami 1 

iTirtirallj jnttlinit lilnwrlf qtiiU <rat of «i|^ ta Am 

*'Uiat amrytxidy wlui mtnM htm, m jm* h*t« 4m 

tautiimtr ami affrctiuoftU) to mo than I ibouU kara 

Idi luif«, if I wpm tha intot aatiifntiifl rnkliu* « 

^•; ur th<<ul'l haw an/ pown ti< ri)ir>>t>, if I ««n tW 

•loquent It Ttiallf orerpowen mc But tnMl Ma." 

Tom, "that I am not iiRKratdful — that I neve* l i^y H — 

thai, if I ran .■v.r |.r..v.- tlx' Irulli "( inv W'T-U t-. jr-i. ! • 

"Tluitii nil riKlit,- ..twrv-i Mnrlim Irwiinp Iwk a: 

chair with n huti-l in i-arh juM-lct, «iii| yawnins ■!?»« 

"Wry flu.- lalkiiifT, Tuni; hut I "m ■! r.-.-k-iiiff\ 1 wa^ 

■JiJ [wrhajBi ■ iiiih' IT H.1 nut o( ihr hiiih-r*-! !■> ('rtua* 

■t ihU niintil''. Si you'vr lirani ■it*"' ''"* tni>nitQ|; 

what 'n hi* iinnif, rhV 

"Willi may that Iwt" n»k">l T"ni, m^mitiit l" rtit*r ■ 
pn>l«>l on U'iiair -1 th<' •liKiiily «f an ■l--nt ]*•?«>&. 

■' \v« 

ill.-k." fj.. 


T.mi. in 


> 1<>U<I<« b<fW 



1.. )■< oiiro. 

" Ml 

i-I Martin. 

■■W«tl.--k. 1 k»M- .1 


V o,nn.--t..l 


1, ,1 , 

..f tiK- 

r..n.[— .*! . 

WHi: « 

n<l wtmt uv. 

. \V. 



he ha* r.:.i 

\r int.> hU |>r<> 


' BtUWrrvd T'«l. 

.lins hi- 

h-»l an.! >n 



'> a lorkv •! 


Mi.| Man 

;in, " 

'1 Wi»h ll WM» 1 


1. (h«t all 


mvntrrt' vi 

m wpn 

St.. trill- 1- 

'■ ^'^ 



l all ■■' 

" «h 

■t '> lll<- Tv.t 

f . 

.-k.-t MaHi 


" For 

Ihr mattrr 

.,f tl" .-1.1 Torn. ' 

'il'i no M*<t«rr. 

you won't think miirh 

of it: h»l 

it "a ■ 

rety pUManI t* 


Jobn always used to say when he was here, ' Mark my words, 
Tinch. When my father's executors cash up ' — he used 
jtrange expressions now and then, hut that was his way." 

" Cash up 's a very good expression, " observed Martin, 
"when other people don't apply it to you. Well! — what a 
•low fellow you are. Pinch ! " 

"Yes, I am, I know," said Tom; "but you'll make me 
nervous if you tell me so. I'm afraid you have put me out 
a little now, for I forget what I was going to say. " 

" When John's father's executors cashed up " — said Martin 

"Oh yes, to be sure," cried Tom; "yes. *Then,' says 
John, ' I '11 give you a dinner. Pinch, and come down to Salis- 
bury on purpose.' Now, when John wrote the other day — 
the morning Pecksniff left, you know — he said his business 
was on the point of being immediately settled, and as he was 
to receive his money directly, when could I meet him at Salis- 
bury ? I wrote and said, any day this week ; and I told him 
besidea, that there was a new pupil here, and what a fine fellow 
you were, and what friends we had become. Upon which 
John writes back this letter" — Tom produced it — "fixes 
to-morrow; sends his compliments to you; and begs that we 
three may have the pleasure of diniifg together — not at the 
bouse where you and I were, either, but at the very first hotel 
in the town. Read what he says. " 

"Very well," said Martin, glancing over it with his custo- 
mary coolness; "much obliged to him. I *m agreeable." 

Tom could have wished him to be a little more astonished, 
a little more pleased, or in some form or other a little more 
interested in such a great event. But he was perfectly self- 
p08se88e<l ; and falling into his favourite solace of whistling, 
took another turn at the grammar-school, as if nothing at all 
had happened. 

Mr. Pecksniff's horse being regarded in the light of a sacred 
animal, only to be driven by him, the chief priest of tliat 
f^niple, or by some person distinctly nominated for the time 
being to that high office by himself, the two young men agreed 
^ Walk to Salisbury; and so, when the time came, they set off 
^ foot — which was, after all, a better mode of travelling than 
^ the gig, as the weather was very cold and very dry. 

%tter! a rare strong, hearty, healthy walk — four statute 


Un KMD AI>TK!tTVU> <^ 

tnUa* Ml btmr — ]«i-/rraMr to tli*t miii^ii 

•Jkikitmi, •rifling, cn^king, vilUiMXB ••: 

tLin;:' »i]l uA .Ama .>r nrnpuimm. 

«... . 1'- In >i>k. UVrr I. ui lu-u 

Iw I » nun* Uoud. onkM vbM, I 

II it awakcfini] ID hil *Ua« (Ad 

M... -.. -. -r. —■ -i'liio, ■ tingling bail, mocK ■> 

Una ^r— itite J Wlieu lilil ■ k^K ***' "'■"I 

ftttd •tMTgio, unlia* it wm wbim Um bovw tnllad, m 

ing UMillj (lu«n • ■tMT)> hill with ■ aluM «aU •! tW 

hb (WprrBto citruaurtdnoM ■ii)|)i»t"l to Uw *^T 

Ufl UMi*le auiB* aofsl hmI mlMonl-iil ncole ol 

i»huiat iwiOTtkuiUwitigi 

^ The tir WM wU, Tom ; m it ma, IImk vm aa 4i 
(Iwiioltlit birp Wu ninra ippoial in Iba |p(l T 
I In buaad nrrf bnglu, «n<l l*ap«d up lu(lv i 

...I m'-l. iM ...MU Ult » .',: I It lij;r )»!, Im I 


tiiimitfa Iw Iwd Imu MHiMd ■■ • tfiU faMtik, 
vnppiB^wp^ Md wbutliBK in Um my 
tail it wnokl ha*v dtiw all Ulm ■ kwKlr'^i Kn. 
to * nui tn ■ fi^ wiwiUl n'l il I A fin I 
IWtl«i than Um gig; Wkra w*t* i^ 
koul* •Mn with Mti-ii ml-bot rJirtto m i > 
M puod-fanBwundljr an4 wmljr bkin>^i r ■ i . 
liMfhtor ring u|im ib» ut, m Ihnf tannd Uww 
Umm tk» ainagM- gaita ouH Mr«*|Mig up: mJ. 
■pilw M Um^ pa«ad tif. dM^Ml on, (■ ■iidi ■ ■! 
)Mnltb ■■ ntiiUiic «uM konp p&n> villi. > 
fyndimlt tWttor iImb tba win! U «| 

gig oomtng tb* MBM vay nuw. L«nk m 
whi|- into hi* feft IhuuI, ehsfM hi* mnt*-] n,iiil Ai 
gnnit* i.v. Mil hmA» tkiw mmM* low d bb N|i» 

bnuu. IK b*. b«: niM <n«id 

<J li..' '.1 ^-i t.l T..« 

. ..:! Nu MM I* • me < 
■oiK Nfl Man is • ipg a 



<ff tliink, like merry users of their legs. How, as the wind 
*^^pB on, upon these breezy downs, it tracks its flight in 
^kening ripples on the grass, and smoothest shadows on the 
luUs! Look round and round upon this hare bleak plain, and 
*^ eren here, upon a winter's day, how beautiful the shadows 
^I Alas! it is the nature of their kind to be so. The love- 
lier things in life, Tom, are but shadows; and they come and 
go^ and change and fade away, as rapidly as these I 

Another mile, and then begins a fall of snow, making the 
crow, who skims away so close above the ground to shirk the 
wind, a blot of ink upon the landscape. But though it drives 
and drifts against them as they walk, stiffening on their skirts, 
and freezing in the lashes of their eyes, they would n't have it 
fall more sparingly, no, not so much as by a single flake, 
although they had to go a score of miles. And, lo ! the towers 
of the Old Cathedral rise before them, even now ! and by and 
by they come into the sheltered streets, made strangely silent 
bj their white carpet; and so to the Inn for which they are 
bound ; where they present such flushed and burning faces to 
the cold waiter and are so brimful of vigour, that he almost 
belfl assaulted by their presence; and, having nothing to 
oppose to the attack (being fresh, or rather stale, from the 
Uaring fire in the cofl'ee-room), is quite put out of his pale 

A famous inn! the hall a very grove of dead game, and 
dangling joints of mutton; and in one comer an illustrious 
butler, with glass doors, developing cold fowls and noble joints, 
and tarts wherein the raspberry jam coyly withdrew itself, as 
inch a precious creature should, behind a latticework of pastry. 
And behold, on the first floor, at the court-end of the house, 
in a room with all the window-curtains drawn, a Are piled half- 
way up the chimney, plates warming before it, wax candles 
gleapiing everywhere, and a table spread for three, with silver 
and glass enough for thirty, John Westlock — not the old 
Jolin of Pecksniff's, but a proper gentleman; looking another 
and a gran<ier i^erson, with the consciousnes8 of l^eiiig his own 
muter and having money in the bank, and yet in some ro- 
tpects the old Jolm too, for he seized Tom Pinch by both his 
hands the im«tant he ap))eared, and fairly hugged him, in his 
eofdial welcome. 

"And this,'* said Jolm, "is Mr. Chuzzlewit. I am very 



un Axo ADVKJm'iiD or 


Um b« pMlwd T«a ^m% 

gbd lo •>« hitnt" — John baJ an 
^H» ihtj rltooJ( tiMi<l« warm];, « 

"Stand off • unnMit, Tin." 
OM hand OB aacli ol ICr. Pineb'i 
cigl at Mm'i IcdkUi. "Lrt wt le 
Not a hit ehaiipvl ! " 

" niif , it 'a not ao nny long 
IHoch, "afUr aU." 

"It BMniu an a|fe Im Ba," ait 

MMU III JUU, jnu tkiK." AimI 

tlM aacmt chair, and cUpjied Uai 
N tika h» uU Mir in tkni oU ' ' 
il WW a ta*-np trtth Tuni I'i 
Off. lA(t|{lit«r wun il . 

"I hard oviIfti'i] ri' ' 
W«'«l Itava, Tun." "tH^ 

I Tom l'u.t-1., inw 

Itan't biifih. tf 

till n't vhcn I wi 

•F«ln WW WT<i^ thffn^ laouan nola^ ffVM- ilw^ 
wap M WW |Nit HpoB tha UU* dinvtljr afUmB^at 
lah; or aiirli ai tW^ iabaa; or flub a Itifi and hnttMw; m 
OMitaa (4 Irinl* and •WMtta; or in ahnrl anytbit^ apfi 
Iha natitj t4 Uul enlwtataBHnl al lMi-aMt-aM[*«* 
•tdnaiM of wiwa. Aa In lA«w, tb* wan «bo ean il«« 
kwil ebainjiafpt*, «ich darat, poll, or ilwwy, bad UMi 
lad and atop ibrtv. 

But f^rhaiw tha ftwat faaton <4 Iha ti^wl % 
l l n dy wan Iw)/ hi mnrh awnwd hj avM^tbtiiit m J J 
> Ugh drli|^ WW MOBtantljr UMMf 

badn-waiiU l^vharifX 
• iK'li.rr WabMUh^ 

yvn cnn halp N, Mm* 

vabonUamMlvv bawwn*l « 
inp lb»7 tvonglil biw In wrr* »■«» 
fMOB paitinl Jokw, Ihoufb, Ihrf it WW lMi>.w«hh 
: and wbi« Tom l*iiMh iatUmA. in a|<it4> <.f ib> < 
Iricv »r •■< ftit.'i..Unl. i>^-( <a.h 'i' ).rr4kMtt; 1. .« 


o laugh at liiinBelf, as he demonstrated when they had all 
hiee gathered round the fire, and the dessert was on the table ; 
i which period, the head waiter inquired with respectful 
olidtude whether that port, being a light and tawny wine, 
ras suited to his taste, or whether he would wish to try a 
ruity port with greater body. To this John gravely answered, 
hat he was well satisfied with what he had, which he es- 
eemed, as one might say, a pretty tidy vintage ; for which the 
raiter thanked him and withdrew. And then John told his 
riends, with a broad grin, that he supposed it was all right, 
jat he didn't know; and went off into a perfect shout. 

They were very merry and full of enjoyment the whole 
time, but not the least pleasant part of the festival was, when 
they all three sat about the fire, cracking nuts, drinking wine, 
and talking cheerfully. It happened that Tom Pinch had a 
word to say to his friend the organist's assistant, and so 
deserted his warm comer for a few minutes at this season, lest it 
•hould grow too late ; leaving the other two young men together. 

They drank his health in his absence, of course; and John 
Westlock took that opportunity of saying, that he had never 
Ittd even a peevish word with Tom during the whole term of 
their residence in Mr. Pecksniff's house. This naturally led 
^iai to dwell upon Tom's character, and to hint that Mr. Peck- 
Huff understood it pretty well. He only hinted this, and very 
JUtantly, knowing that it pained Tom Pinch to have that 
gentleman disparaged, and thinking it would be as well to 
eave the new pupil to his own discoveries. 

"Yes," said Martin. "It's impossible to like Pinch better 
han I do, or to do greater justice to his good qualities. He 's 
he most willing fellow I ever saw." 

"He's rather too willing," observed John, who was quick 
\ observation. "It 's quite a fault in him." 

"So it is," said Martin. "Very true. There was a fellow 
ily a week or so ago — a Mr. Tigg — who borrowed all the 
oney he had, on a promise to repay it in a few days. It was 
it half a sovereign, to be sure ; but it 's well it was no more, 
ir he '11 never see it again." 

**Poor fellow!" said John, who had l^een very attentive to 
lete few words. " Perhaps you have not had an opportunity 
f observing that, in his own pecuniary transactions, Tom 's 

ura AVD aotbhttui or 

Wwu'l Iw htnov I " 

lol N.s 1 Ihv.d-I. WWl<li>rMB 

Jiiha Woitlarli thinJt hu Imd. 
"TW* rmj udd," will tUrtia, mAUh *1o*" ' 
• 'ItMiifa aomixNUwl, lo be mm." 

**A« lo raoalrfaig untMf h a fift," 
"1 tlUnkhA'ddicftm." 

"He > niMk) up <4 ■l«|iUdl7,'' sbl Hntis. "Uidr I 

I Kuril attjr, **vha IM d 

looking at bi> 

Uuu) tlm nuj'- 

tfenU; had no. ' - . lUKlontaad ki«, I 1 

ilMfat, atti m» l»iw li^Ui- hr )■ u> ba iapowJ ■ixh." 

"OHaiBlr," Hid MtfUn, rinlitfaiag <iiU ki. bys od b^i 
fag hia »%M brtw«Mi h» •r* and IW Ugbt, " Mi IVk^ 
... g^,„ 


hil n 

"I' M^rttn. "ibjU nmlnda ^ WW* 

jnur , M How dill ba wr rm r WVrt^fH 

lluitk of hiiu iiixi t — iwDjr, juu kaow. whao it 'a aU Mwt* 
"Aj* Pudi," MiubmI Ifae okl |M|M1. **!!■ km* «hrt«« 
— rtinwwla aaad u> ba *pM Um aut^ Tbar «« ut d 

"Nov nov** Mfa] Uutin, "I 'd nUm ha*» timm boa f^* 
" Bat Pfncli «4jn Umj m* tuOnal, " <b|h1 •luka wttb » aa^ 
"Ob, w*UI Tban I know wbat cainw Ib^ lab* Mw 
baad," mid Xartia; **•»!, ibanlow, jm <aa Un m AAaiT 
bt apMkiaf |daliilr- D<u't nind m, I li^ 1 .bal Ifet 
btm. I Ull fofi (raaktj. I ■■ irith bin twaua H h^f* 
fnaa jiartHMilar dnraiMtaMMa fea anil mj HTiaiww I hav 
aoaa»Ulilx. I WUa**. JnUMtway! — ■ ■*-- -"]f]— dmf. 
vOl Bwl lEkaly ba OB bw aila «ad aol mhm. 4l IW bw<# 
■Kk. tfaa faalanev will ba vno, a&d Uuta 'U !• •• aU^** 
■I all. 8a 70U nH7 talk to ■•«, w tfl bad no a^^lta a« 

"If yon praa* ma Iw Kit* nj ofdakw" — ntatMA M* 


"V«w I du, " «U Mwtio. "YMlloUicaMb* 


"Oh I'' said Martin, as coolly as ever. "That's rather 

"Not stronger than he deserves," said John; "and if he 
called upon me to express my opinion of him to his face, I 
vrould do so in the very same terms, without the least qualifica- 
tion. His treatment of Pinch is in itself enough to justify 
them ; but when I look back upon the five years I passed in 
that house, and remember the hypocrisy, the knavery, the 
meannesses, the false pretences, the lip service of that fellow, 
and his trading in saintly semblances for the very worst reali- 
ties; when I remember how often I was the witness of all this^ 
and how often I was made a kind of party to it^ by the fact of 
being there with him for my teacher, I swear to you that I 
dmost despise myself.'' 

Martin drained his glass, and looked at the fire. 

"I don't mean to say that is a right feeling," pursued John 
Westlock, " because it was no fault of mine ; and I can qiute 
understand — you, for instance, fully appreciating him, and yet 
being forced by circumstances to remain there. I tell you sim- 
ply what my feeling is; and even now, when, as you say, it's 
all over; and when I have the satisfaction of knowing that he 
always hated me, and we always quarrelled, and I always told 
him my mind; even now, I feel sorry that I didn't yield to an 
impulse I often had, as a boy, of running away from him and 
going abroad." 

"Why abroad?" asked Martin, turning his eyes upon the 

" In search, " replied John Westlock, shrugging his shoulders^ 
"of the livelihood I couldn't have earned at home. There 
would have been something spirited in that. But come — fill 
your glass and let us forget him." 

"As soon as you please," said Martin. "In reference to 
myself and my connection with him, I have only to repeat 
what I said before. I have taken my own way with him so 
far, and shall continue to do so, even more than ever; for the 
fact is — to tell you the truth — that I believe he looks to me to 
supply his defects, and couldn't afford to lose me. I had a 
notion of that in first going there. Your health ! " 

"Thank you," returned young Westlock. "Yours. And 
may the new pupil turn out as well as you can desire ! " 

" What new pupU ? " 

UTK AXD Abntmntn ur 



'*Tli« tuttniiJitiii ^ulh Ibmb uimIh ao MMptoiiMs tih^' 
tofiMKl Julin WcBtlock ljuiKhingi "vIhm (mtmiIi^ tm gmti 
an dartianl to l» bai4iMl hj Ihm mXrmilmimmtt. Whii: i 
yoa know thit h* Iim MlrwtiMil ■(■ia I " 


"Ob r**- I r**! >^ Jii^ t"'''"* diBMw In Iba iM i 
papu. I know it ki 1> hw; having mim nmdb to nma 
Urn tHyU. Hiuli! llnrn'i Piaolt. flUanrv u tl mI, 
the mun b* Hko IVokaniff (if ba an Ukr bin bHiM thi 
iIom), iIhi Kf«Bl>« nwMiB oea hM In like kim T &i4 • 
nHtfa, or w* «hkU ■pail bi* wboW aoioymtaL" 

Tom witrm) m tbo wonb WM« apuJum, willi a wiiiMJ 
npea bia Imm ; umk nibUiif U> faaaiia, man tjom » ^«b 
lUUgbt ib«B beoaiiM bt m* ouU (lur b» twd bMi iw 
tmt). Hi (ktwB tn kM wwn MctMr aHUn, and ww m hif| 
— aa only Tom tHaeb w«U ba^ Thm ia tn> t4hm Malk 
will ax|if«M bia •lat* iif mini, 

"Ami mt." hf «da, wban he hui gMvl at hi* bwari 
aonw linw in hWI pltiaaun^ "ao foa twUj M« a ffmlLmm 
U< JohL WiJl, t« 1> ■itnl" 

"Trying to he. Tumi U7iJi(| to te," h« w}l1bwI g 
hmmmmiif. " Tben la tut mjia^ what I maj laim mt 

hu U Ite 


" 1 aapfMMa jua wuaU n't mnj jirai awB 
now," aai^ Tom I'inrJi amllinf: "altfanuyh ) 
1p*iuT \if nd takinff iL" 

"WouUn't II" r«4ortoil Jokii. "Thal'i 
aboBt II, INneb. Il mnat W a *aty hanvy boa 
i«*7 bt Hrt Bw«j fmBB PkakaiTi^ Tin." 

"TImn;" crml tnneb, tin«ii« to Hwtin, 
Tka Rrr«t Unit ii> i.f duiadM'. ia bb nJiMli 
Ym n IUMr*MiUwl 

dW X- 

"1 1 1LI14 lib* p(«JiwlMa(Mi ' 
knaw, ' -iM .''-t.]! \\-iU'<ck. Unghlnit hmatOf, 
" Piarh 

^ nxi 


r hMl k pnfawd hmwU^pi of anntba^ mi' 

: Tom- "Tbal'i 
W 700 kMw Mi 


IS I do — John, I'd give almost any money to bring that 
ibout — you 'd admire, respect, and reverence him. You 
»uldn't help it. Oh, how you wounded his feelings when 
iou went away I " 

"If I had known whereabout his feelings lay," retorted 
roung Westlock, " I 'd have done my best, Tom, with that 
snd in view, you may depend upon it. But as I could n't 
iround him in what he has not, and in what he knows nothing 
if, except in his ability to probe them to the quick in other 
people, I am afraid I can lay no claim to your compliment." 

Mr. Pinch, being unwilling to protract a discussion which 
alight possibly corrupt Martin, forbore to say anything in reply 
U) this speech ; but John Westlock, whom nothing short of an 
iron gag would have silenced when Mr. Pecksniff's merits were 
snce in question, continued notwithstanding. 

'* His feelings ! Oh, he 's a tender-hearted man. His feel- 
ings ! Oh, he 's a considerate, conscientious, self -examining, 
moral vagabond, he is! His feelings! Oh! — what's the 
matter, Tom!" 

Mr. Pinch was by this time erect upon the hearth-rug, 
tuttoning his coat with great energy. 

^I can't bear it," said Tom, shaking his head. "No; I 
really cannot. You must excuse me, John. I have a great 
»teem and friendship for you; I love you very much; and 
bave been perfectly charmed and overjoyed to-day to find you 
just the same as ever; but I cannot listen to this." 

"Why, it's my old way, Tom; and you say yourself that 
rou are glad to find me unchanged." 

•* Not in this respect, " said Tom Pinch. " You must excuse 
me, John. I cannot, really ; I will not. It 's very wrong ; 
fou should be more guarded in your expressions. It was bad 
aiough when you and I used to be alone together, but under 
existing circumstances, I can't endure it, really. No. I can- 
not, indeed." 

** You are quite right ! " exclaimed the other, exchanging 
looks with Martin; "and I am quite wrong, Tom. I don't 
know how the deuce we fell on this unlucky theme. I beg 
jaai pardon with all my heart." 

"You have a free and manly temper, I know," said Pinch, 
''and therefore, your being so ungenerous in this one solitary 
only grieves me the more. It 's not my pardon you 


kav* lo Mk, John. Ymi faava doM 

"\V«U! Padumiri putlaB. tWa," «id r^n* Witflwi 
" An^tbiii);, Tnai, ur ui^Vicalr. reckatiilT* |Hnl<« — will IW 
do I lUrr : let tw drink I'Mkanir • hMlth I " 

"Tluuik jr^u," eriad Tom, alHMng huA wttk kw iiid ) . 
■ad fillinit a huiii|nr. "Tliuik jnoa i 1 'U ilriitk it will all a* 
tumii, Julm. Mr. pMkaiitf'a kadlk, and ptoprnty b> hm'. ' 

JiOm WsUodi BtkiMd tha MiUaMal, at M>rl* », Im k 
druk Mr. l-KknOTi bMlth, and OoiMtkiiii u hi»-te 
wkal, ma nut qnibi MdibU. Tka ffmmnA —■ ■'"**j ki^ 
tlm eonipbulj nwbnwd, tkojr dn« Uiair oMn Omt iMd 
lb* Sn^ and cunwrml in pwfMl fcawwiy mA mijfijmmk ■•! 

Mo aUglit ciitamaUon, p«kftp<^ oa«U ka«« haMav BtaiMiA 
11m difteooM of ch^ndrr l^«>n Jdw WallMk mI Mrtb 
Chiuskvil, Ihui the mannrr in vbLck Mck «f tkr jwnf ■■ 
■anlMBiOBlMl Tom Hnrk, afbv tk> litU« raplui* JmI dMsilii 

ThflT >M a rrrUio atnoittll '4 jortllarilt in th« l-^ok* .4 Wi^ 

IK) cl>xi)i(. Ill \\<-^ nil mrniManrr ^^vK-l Tbr fAA yvfi 

:M r 

. T : 

tboughllul kiml tluui )<rfr>rr. Thr new i>n<-. .m lb* .*^m 
haniL, ha<l no ihijiiiIh- Imt t.> laiifih al th« T«<n>llr<ti<'« U Tcm • 
extirnip a)i>i)nli[T : am) miii^'lrd with hia aniurtnrnl that* «« 
•(implliinK oli^htiiii; an>l <->>iiti-m{i(U(>ua, itMliratirv. a* il (^ 
paunl, (•( hi* iifiini'in Uiat Mr. I'inrh waa roiirh bi» lar jr^ 
in nimi-li' ilv t-- >•• iulniill<^l a* the fnend, on armNM *nd nfMf 
trrnin, '>f anv rnli<'ii^il man. 

Jolin \V.'.il.< k. vli.> ih.l nothinR hj halrM, tf b«- nuU Mf 
ir. )>n.l ].r<.vi.i. .1 U~l. Inr hii> tw.. ^uraU in ih* hnU) : aad afW 
a vrn- hii|[iv rt.'iiiii|{, Ili-v rrlimi. Mr. I'inrh «a* mBM( 
Ml t)i- M.l.' of ).i< U-l Willi ill* rravBl aB>l ak<« ofl, rununAi^ 
..n !!.■' Tu.oif.M >.-... I .|ua1i[»-* ..f In* nt.) fnt-ixl, «&•« k* >« 
intrrnii'I-l ) v a LriTk .it liii rhaniirr dnoT, and Ik* tpim d 




..,)....,, : 

^- V...1. T.ioil" 
I wiu thinking < 

1 i-.-A II ! j; ini; t" ■I'-Uin vu," aakl John; 
(.■rh-<<tt.ti ».\ tliv rvrniii^ a littia comm 


myself; and I am^ifraid I may forget it again, if I fail to dis- 
chaige it at once. You know a Mr. Tigg, Tom, I believe ? " 

"Tigg!" cried Tom. "Tigg! The gentleman who bor- 
rowed some money of me I " 

"Exactly," said John Westlock. "He begged me to present 
his compliments, and to return it with many thanks. Here it 
is. I suppose it's a good one, but he is rather a doubtful 
kind of customer, Tom." 

Mr. Pinch received the little piece of gold, with a face 
whose brightness might have shamed the metal; and said he 
had no fear about that. He was glad, he added, to find Mr. 
Tigg so prompt and honourable in his dealings ; very glad. 

" Why, to tell you the truth, Tom, " replied his friend, " he 
is not always so. If you '11 take my advice, you '11 avoid him 
as much as you can, in the event of your encountering him 
again. And by no means, Tom, — pray bear this in mind, for 
I mm very serious, — by no means lend him money any more." 

" Ay, ay ! " said Tom, with his eyes wide open. 

''He is very far from being a reputable acquaintance," re- 
turned young Westlock; "and the more you let him know you 
think so, the better for you, Tom." 

"I say, John," quoth Mr. Pinch, as his countenance fell, 
and he shook his head in a dejected manner, "I hope you are 
not getting into bad company." 

"No, no," he replied laughing. "Don't be uneasy on that 

"Oh, but I am uneasy," said Tom Pinch; "I can't help it, 
when I hear you talking in that way. If Mr. Tigg is what 
you de8cril)e him to be, you have no business to know him, 
John. You may laugli, but I don't consider it by any means 
t laughing matter, I assure you. " 

"No, no," returned his friend, composing his features. 
''Quite right. It is not, certainly." 

"You know, John," said Mr. Pinch, "your very good- 
nature and kindness of heart make you thoughtless; and you 
can't be too careful on such a point as this. Upon my word, 
if I thought you were falling among bad companions, I should 
be quite wretched, for I know how difficult you would find it 
to shake them o£f. I would much rather have lost this money, 
John, than I would have had it back again on such terms." 

"I tell you, my dear good old fellow," cried his friend, 


lit un AXD AOTnmiMi of 

•faaklait hitn U> ud (ri with Iwtb kaiBK mi4 MMfaag 
with ■ cWrful, open nounUnuiei^ thai •uuM ban 
nrnvidiiiii to • mini miidi man tmfktiin* ibua Tvm 
Uil jtn tbvni i* DO tkntcot." 

"Wallt" erindTom, "1 MB ||t*>l tohaar il; I nk o* 
to haw iL I MB vtiM IbwB U jMk, wli«i yoa mj as 
nuuwnr. Vou won't Uk« it ill. John, thu I aid »hM 
jiut uow ! " 

"111!" mU tlM> otbw, givii^ hk Imih) a h««rty « 
"wli;, wluU dii ;ou tkluk I Mn tamit tdt Mt. Tim m 
not on Kuch ui inlinut* foAini that ytw iimkI W •! all ' 
I niirv y<M injr aulcMit aMunoM ol tfaal. Tori. Voa « 
ftioilartalilB miw I " 

" Q«itv, " «Md Ton. 

"Tltro mux tm«v, paxl night' " 

"(ionl nififat!" crin] TiMu- "ami auob flaaMd 4p 
yiHi, M *ImmUI atloml tJi« akw|> ii< Uw but lattww 
wixlil ! " 

"-Bxwiit r<ck.nlir," aaid ku IrMfkd, itop|<ii«al ll 
fnr a auMMHt, mm) linlcUi« KailT bank. 

" Erapl IVIuBiir," MMWand Turn, witb fi 

And Ihw iWjr parttd for tba ninht ; JiAb Wa<liA i 

liyht.h^ri«i.,». ,.i.,i ,~..l ).un..-<ii ....1 pMirTm |-m« 

•t: ■ ■ ri hi* aid* t» b 

Ri::' : 'f lUl IW, a 

TIkI Umlfiwlr-l l.v-tli«'t ^rry r«rlj nut 

twn joHDg nan daaitMl lo gat baak tftn at |Hnd •■■ 
John Waatlock waa lo nDm to Undon Iqr lb* wMk Ifei 
Ai bo hail wmr huon tu aiant, bt> lam Umm MVfi 
thr«* 'If four milaa oB Ibalr walk, atxl oeljr pafU4 f>i« 
at lart (B ■hnet nic— ity. TW pafting wa* «■ wi 
beaftjr mb, imiI cailj aa batwMn Itiia and Turn Ttpr^ I 
tba dda ol tUrtbi aW vbo bad (ound I* tb> uU ^wpd 
dflanat «wt iil |«nm btm Ifaa silkaop bi bal |w«VMa 
•all la«l|)aal, 

Yinuiit Waalbrt afa^ipad upn a nainf gwianil, «!■• I 
cnna > littl« iliatawia, and loukMl hacL Tbvy van « 
at • Uiak (MO, aul Tan appnn*! k> W laUM^ aM 
the viad ba^ ■•■ I 


liem, and carried it npon his arm. As he looked, he saw 
*om relieve him of it, after a faint resistance, and, throwing it 
pon his own, incumber himself with the weight of both, 
liis trivial incident impressed the old pupil mightily, for he 
tood there, gazing after them, until they were hidden from 
is view, when he shook his head, as if he were troubled by 
Dme uneasy reflection, and thoughtfully retraced his steps to 

In the mean time, Martin and Tom pursued their way, until 
hey halted, safe and sound, at Mr. Pecksni£f's house, where a 
fief epistle from that good gentleman to Mr. Pinch, announced 
be family's return by that night's coach. As it would pass 
he comer of the lane at about six o'clock in the morning, Mr. 
^ecksniff requested that the gig might be in waiting at the 
inger-post about that time, together with a cart for the lug- 
gage. And to the end that he might be received with the 
ireater honour, the young men agreed to rise early, and be 
ipon the spot themselves. 

It was the least cheerful day they had yet passed together. 
tfartin was out of spirits and out of humour, and took every 
opportunity of comparing his condition and prospects with 
hoee of young Westlock, much to his own disadvantage 
ilways. This mood of his depressed Tom; and neither that 
noming's parting, nor yesterday's dinner, helped to mend the 
natter. So the hours dragged on heavily enough; and they 
irere glad to go to ])ed early. 

They were not quite bo glad to get up again at half-past four 
^clock, in all the shivering discomfort of a dark winter's 
morning; but they turned out punctually, and were at the 
finger-post full half an hour before the appointed time. It 
Wis not by any means a lively morning, for the sky was black 
and cloudy, and it rained hard; but Martin said there was 
>ome satisfaction in seeing that brute of a horse (by this, he 
nietnt Mr. Pecksniff's Arab steed) getting very wet; and that 
k rejoiced, on his account, that it rained so fast. From this 
H may be inferred that Martin's spirits had not improved, as 
indeed they had not ; for while he and Mr. Pinch stood wait- 
jjig under a hedge, looking at the rain, the gig, the cart, and 
^ reeking driver, he did nothing but grumble ; and, but that it 
^ indispensable to any dispute that there should be two parties 
te it^ he would certainly have picked a quarrel with Tom. 

un AVD ADvnmmn or 

gtb Um aoiM ot wImA wm luMhr Mi 
Md PMRU7 Uw MMh (MM tplirtti^ I 

, nln, with ««M mtMOBfaU ouWd* | 

nlnlU, Ml 

MHL ImBwdutalf on iu •toppiai;, JMt. faekvif 
vtodow-fl^ ami hulid Tun l^Mk. 
' UK, Mr. Piaebt m it laMiiUa OwtjrgaMiiMa 

, •ir,"eriad Ttn. ■dnndtic n g Briy. "Mt. Chwiti 

"mM Mr. IVk>mff. l-JontL »<>( >n tuT.. h ri Hi 

« apal « wbidi ba rtood. "Obi ladMdl D* 

nor Is »■ to ths Iranin, if jran fimm, Mm. Kaik' 

• Mr. PMkniC ilniwnhi aid hilpad Ui Ah^Mi 

; bat iMitbM- he bm tha ymof Um took Iba aliib 

mwiOT of Martin, who had adraiicnl lo offv hi* aaaMUaeK. 

WM rr|iiil*nl tiy Mr. IVrki>nifl"i ataniling inuDnliateU t« 

hi* |<Fr».n. Willi ))>.• iMrk ("wanU him. tn ll>r urn' 'mv.: 

an-t ill |<r..rMii„| Mlrti.-... Mr. IWk-nitT ))4n<l.^l t.>* 1.^: 

inli) thp ^1^:, aii<l, fi>ll>iwinK liitniM-lf aiiil Ukinit Ibr rriiM. li 

off horn-. 

Ltwt in Htiminlimpiit, Martin itt-iiiit nUritiK "I 'h' "wk. 
when till' nwch luwl <lhvi-n awav. at Mr. I'lnrh uxl ihr 

gaftP, until Uir rart liiornl nff, tiHi; whrn br kAli) !•• Txn • 
-'N..W will VII liav.- 111.' ^r..lnfw U> Ull nw «Ul r^u ; 


••Whiil- ™.k.-.l T..m. 

•Ttii- (.■1I..W'. l»-h«vi.«iT_Mr r«-k«niff-.. I m.^ ' 


"I WW 

"No. In.i«-I I ,ha not,"rri«i T-m 
Ihr tnink.." 

"It 11 iio maltor." aaiil Martin. "t'omr! l^ -u e 
haoti' )«.k " .\ii*l wilh'Xit aii-'llirt worl hr aUrU-l -S *i • 
a [nn- Ilial T>m lio-l -'ni- 'limniltt m kM>|<IE« U|> «ill> b.K 

II'- lin.i !,■■ rAr<- wlirir- lir wpiit. 1-it walkr.1 lh^'<K'l . 
i.--»|- ■■{ nri.l mil litll-- j.-.U ■■( w«t.-r with thr utia..! ■>■-•. 
<<i'>'. l.-'kirik' •Ir.iik'lit li-fi.rr lutu. anil lunirtini** Ix^a^K 
.1 -iri:,^.' I.I.1IIII.T »itl.iii lim>^lf. Tom Mt lh«tuii-.Ki« 
■ .■■■u-\ '.It w'.'iiM .■[.!> r.-ii.|' r liin. llir muTT' nl.liiial*^ mkJ tk 
f n- tni-l"l l'> Mr ]Vrk<<iiilI'> maiuipr wImb Um^ prwWa 



3096 to remove the mifitaken impression under which he felt 
»nvinced so great a favourite as the new pupil must unques- 
onahly he lahouring. But he was not a little amazed himself, 
hen they did reach it, and entered the parlour where Mr. 
ecksniff was sitting alone before the fire, drinking some hot 
:a, to find that instead of taking favourable notice of his 
'lative, and keeping him, Mr. Pinch, in the background, he 
id exactly the reverse, and was so lavish in his attentions to 
bm that Tom was thoroughly confounded. 

''Take some tea, Mr. Pinch — take some tea," said Peck- 
aifi^ stirring the fire. "You must be very cold and damp, 
^y take some tea, and come into a warm place, Mr. Pinch.'' 

Tom saw that Martin looked at Mr. Pecksniff as though he 
ould have easily found it in his heart to give him an invita- 
ion to a very warm place; but he was quite silent, and, stand- 
ng opposite that gentleman at the table, regarded him atten- 

''Take a chair, Mr. Pinch," said Pecksniff ''Take a chair, 
f you please. How have things gone on in our absence, Mr. 

'* You — you will be very much pleased with the grammar- 
ichool, sir," said Tom. "It 's nearly finished." 

"If you will have the goodness, Mr. Pinch," said Pecksniff, 
i^ring his hand and smiling, "we will not discuss anything 
connected with that question at present. What have you 
been doing, Thomas, humph ? " 

Mr. Pinch looked from master to pupil, and from pupil to 
ouster, and was so perplexed and dismayed that he wanted 
presence of mind to answer the question. In this awkward 
Bterval, Mr. Pecksniff (who was perfectly conscious of Mar- 
in's gaze, though he had never once glanced towards him) 
Jf^ked the fire very much, and, when he could n't do that any 
ttore, drank tea assiduously. 

"Now, Mr. Pecksniff," said Martin at last, in a very quiet 
oice, "if you have sufficiently refreshed and recovered your- 
ftlf, I shall be glad to hear what you mean by this treatment 
f me." 

"And what," said Mr. Pecksniff, turning his eyes on Tom 
Wh, even more placidly and gently than before, "what have 
^»tt been doing, Thomas, humph 1 " 

When he had repeated this inquiry, he looked round the 


walls of the room as if he were curious to see whether o| 
nails had heen left there by accident in former time& 

Tom was almost at his wit's end what to say between tti 
two, and had already made a gesture as if he would call Ml 
Pecksniff's attention to the gentleman who had last addreani 
him, when Martin saved him further trouble by doing so hia-l 

"Mr. Pecksniff," he said, softly rapping the table twice er I 
thrice, and moving a step or two nearer, so that he could hafSi 
touched him with his hand ; " you heard what I said just sov. 
Do me the favour to reply, if you please. I ask you "—hi' 
raised his voice a little here — "what you mean by thist" 

"I will talk to you, sir," said Mr. Pecksniff in a serm 
voice, as he looked at him for the first time, "presently." 

"You are very obliging," returned Martin; "presently wiH 
not do. I must trouble you to talk to me at once." 

Mr. Pecksniff made a feint of being deeply interested in bii 
pocket-book, but it shook in his hands ; he trembled so. 

"Now," retorted Martin, rapping the table again. "Now. 
Presently will not do. Now ! " 

" Do you threaten me, sir ? " cried Mr. Pecksniff. 

Martin looked at him, and made no answer ; but a curiou 
observer might have detected an ominous twitching at hii 
mouth, and perhaps an involuntary attraction of his right luund 
in the direction of Mr. Pecksniff's cravat. 

"I lament to be obliged to say, sir," resumed Mr. Pecksnift 
" that it would be quite in keeping with your character if yott 
did threaten me. You have deceived me. You have imposed ■ 
upon a nature which you knew to be confiding and unsugpi- 
cious. You have obtained admission, sir," said Mr. Pecfesnifii 
rising, "to this house, on perverted statements, and on biat 
pretences. " 

"Go on," said Martin, with a scornful smile. "I unde^ 
stand you now. What more ! " 

"Thus much more, sir," cried Mr. Pecksniff, trembling from 
head to foot, and trying to rub his hands, as though he were 
only cold. "Tims much more, if you force me to publish 
your shame before a third party, which I was unwilling and 
indisposed to do. This lowly roof, sir, must not be contami- 
nated by the presence of one who has deceived, and cruelly 
deceived, an honourable, beloved, venerated, and venerable 

r'-L-l UBRART 


un AXP ADTnmrui or 

jM on tha Ucnouuoo', Piaclw awl hm lh»«lMt Wl 
I f«<iiitail «l him u Im fdtm vilh ■■■tlitii m*^ 
li [iBfl his tul u)iu) tiia hMd, vallwl Iran llw nai 


Il» OMlt . 

• «p. 

I TiUapi, wheu ha hMtd Tom FinA «Ui 

tiini in th* iliNUitcr. 

VcU I what now I " ba md, whMt Tom «u 

kiar, t(Mf I " crioil Tun, "um j<m RMOf t ** 

Kib^fhaacfaMd. "Oolnfl" 
*'■ dkla't M mioh BMn UmI, m wan tob ftiaf Hi 
I— in lUa Ittd traatlM— nu im — wil^Mrt y«« rfd 
wWiiM BMMjrl" (viadTon. 
•^Va^-hanawwaa-Umlr, "I M.- 
r^And wImmI " oiad Ton. "Ofa wlwra wiU jam fal" 
"1 dim"! knuw," h» MiiL— "V™ I Ju- I'll fate iB 

"N". n.-," 


1 T....1, in » 

kin.] of Bp^iv. 


th.-n.. I'r.v . 


! Tl»[ik U'tl 

rT:t it. IX.1,1 )r 

... ^ 

fullv T.-^-»nli-> ' 

r..<ii>H'ir lk.ii 

ilK^to Am-nr,- ■ 

-Mv mii>'l 

■• tiii 

I.I.- ti,..- h- Ml 

1.1. "Vour (n*i.J 

»* "( 

nip. I.. Am. 


4i..| ).l.-*.v 

.«.. IWh!" 

"Til:.- thi- 

■if.i T.'rii. |ir>-<winK • !■■* ti]»m hi 

Bl ^Bf 

»t;iUlii.n. ■' 1 


t nuik.' h»^l^• 

lurk, Bliil nui'l M' 

. wrti 

1 wouM. H. 


I- «.lh y.^ 

1. U.>k at tb. Imf 1 h 

tuni."l .i..«-n. 


-i.)>v<-, e.<.>M> 


Th.- M,M,.l. 


,« wn,n« h.m 

l-y ihr h«.a. with 1 


in^- .].»iii 111- 


-k.. Ml.l IhfT 

]iartcd humajljr i 






■ARRYiNO Tom Pinch's book quite unconsciously under his 
, and not even buttoning his coat as a protection against 

heavy rain, Martin went doggedly forward at the same 
:k pace, until he had passed the finger-post, and was on 

high-road to London. He slackened very little in his 
id even then, but he began to think, and look about him, 

to disengage his senses from the coil of angry passions 
ch hitherto had held them prisoner. 

t must be confessed that, at that moment, he had no very 
«able employment either for his moral or his physical per- 
tions. The day was dawning from a patch of watery light 
he east, and sullen clouds came driving up before it, from 
ch the rain descended in a thick, wet mist. It streamed 
Q every twig and bramble in the hedge, made little gullies 
the path, ran down a hundred channels in the road, and 
ched innumerable holes into the face of every pond and 
ier. It fell with an oozy, slushy sound among the grass, 

made a muddy kennel of every furrow in the ploughed 
k No living creature was anywhere to be seen. The 
«pect could hardly have been more desolate if animated 
ire had been dissolved in water, and poured down upon the 
h again in that form. 

Tie range of view within the solitary traveller was quite 
heerless as the scene without. Friendless and penniless; 
nsed to the last degree ; deeply wounded in his pride and 
love; full of independent schemes, and perfectly destitute 
ny means of realising them; his most vindictive enemy 
it have been satisfied with the extent of his troubles. To 

9k I. 


b£-I :•: li> :r±,-zz nisenesw &» was hv this time sensible <^ being 
-w^z :•: :b* ?'g~-, iz.i >:li a his reir beart. 


Iz. 'Lii? i-rTlri'tLr ?:Eii::::3, he remembered Mr. Pindi'* 
':•:•: k: n:c^ :erA.ise :: -sri? riiher troublesome to cany thtt 
fr.n iz-j -7*^ -- -'^^ X'Zifortc*! bv that parting gift He 
l.»:k-f*i i: tir '—^ l-rti-^rlz^ r-n :he back, and tindiDg it to be 
II. -•il T liriT :: iz.'r " Rk;2i^Ior of Salamanca,** in the FrenA 
:. li^Zt. :iri*ri T.=i P±.:l*s foUv, twentv times. He was on 
:!-* yiz-Z .z :J-r;Triz^ i: iwij. in hi? ill-humour and vexatica, 
TTZ-fr. z.'z \*:i2::-iSiz Lizis«*lf :ha: Tom had referred him to i 
liji. riT^T^i I.-Tz.: izl ■:y»; it at that place, that hemi^t , 
iiivf i.:l::::c-il .•a-?e ;: ^.■zlI»llint against him for supposing 
iLiz 1Z.T :•:! : 54; ri: :i :1t? Riohelor's wisdom could cheer him 

WjII ttH: zr:'. zi-:>- ru: Tom's alL The half-sovereign. 
He Zski wrirTtr*.: :: ijL?::> in a piece of paper, and pinned it 
:v :1t Irji. T'-rse w.-ris were scrawled in pencil on the 
ir^iiTi **I I:-": wm: •:. iniee-i. I should not know what to 

T'-r^r jjTf >:n:-r fjl?»rli?i>isw Tom, on which men mounts tB 
:n "rruA: ^anur?^ vwiris Hr-jTen. There are some truths, 
.".l-i. "::::':?, :j.jji:iz-^ m:hi^ wherein vour worKilv scholais 
ir^: VTr.' i. : ml y.::: whijh bind men down to earth irith 
\rj.\i-. ;li'.:-?w '-Vl.^ w.-vli n.-^: rather have to fan him, in his 
iyu.".^ '-.;.:r. :'i-: li^Jirr^: rVdiher oi a false hoi.>d such as thine, 
:>.a:: .1". ::.: ::>ill< '.'.iiz ziv-i >?en plucke*! from the sharp por- 
,-.:y::: . r: y:;i.i:li:-il :r.::li. sin.v rime be;ran! 

M •::::■. :M: iTrr-lv ::r 'i:rj.?^lf, iind he felt this jrooddeedof 
F;:-.. > \> .Vficr a rV-v nirnvLies it had the effect of rais- 
ir.^ Lis >.:r::s* ml rriiiir.lin^ him that he w;i5 not altoj:[ether 
d-:s:::/.:c. :.< h-r hi.; Iri: 1 fiir sti.vk of clothes behind him, and 
w;^: .i c- * l !LV.::::::j-'.vA:oh in his tvxket. He found a curious 
j:rji::r.::i:: :i. :.;i\ in ::i::ikin^ what a wirming fellow he mu?t 
be :■; "ij.-. V v-.i.i^ si.-h in inipr^?ssion on Tom: and in reflecting 
Iiow >v.-.>:r: r br '.vis i,: Tom: and how much more likelv to 
ii..i!<r :.:> ^v.iy ir. :::.» worl L Animated by these thoughts, and 
s:rv::-;:;;::;:vl ir. '..:< .iTsi-n: of endeavouring to push his fortune 
i:*. ,1:1 :r::r cc.::.:rv. ::o r^?S4.^1vevl to get to Lomion as a rallying- 
jviii: i" :::-: Ivs: '.v.iy he oould, and to lose no time about it. 

Ho w.'wci :c:i cav. v.iiles from the village made illustrious by 
Iviug tUo aViJ*.in^ vlaoe of Mr. Pecksniff^ when he stopped to 


breakfast at a little road-side alehouse; and resting upon a 
high-backed settle before the lire, pulled off his coat, and hung 
it before tfie cheerful blaze, to dry. It was a very different 
pLice from the last tavern in which he had regaled, boasting 
no greater extent of accommodation than the brick-floored 
kitchen yielded ; but the mind so soon accommodates itself to 
the necessities of the body that this poor wagoners' house-of- 
call, which he would have despised yesterday, became now 
quite a choice hotel ; while his dish of eggs and bacon and his 
mug of beer were not by any means the coarse fare he had 
supposed, but fully bore out the inscription on the window- 
shutter, which proclaimed those viands to be " Grood entertain- 
ment for travellers. " 

He pushed away his empty plate; and with a second mug 
Dpon the hearth before him, looked thoughtfully at the fire 
until his eyes ached. Then he looked at the highly coloured 
Scripture pieces on the walls, in little black frames like com- 
mon shaving-glasses, and saw how the Wise Men (with a strong 
family likeness among them) worshipped in a pink manger; 
»nd how the Prodigal Son came home in red rags to a purple 
^ther, and already feasted his imagination on a sea-green CAlf. 
Then he glanced through the window at the falling rain, com- 
ing down aslant upon the sign-past over against the house, and 
overflowing the h orse- trough ; and then he looked at the fire 
^'ain, and seemed to descry a doubly distant London, retreat- 
mg among the fragments of the burning wood. 

He had repeated this process in just the same order many 
^es, as if it were a matter of necessity, when the sound of 
rteels called his attention to the window, out of it« regular 
'^; and there he beheld a kind of light van drawn by four 
^fses, and laden, as well as he could see (for it was covered 
^\ with corn and straw. The driver, who was alone, stopi)ed 
^ the d(X)r to water his team, and presently came, stamping 
**d sliaking the wet off his hat and coat, into the room where 
Urtin sat. 

He was a red-faced, burly young fellow ; smart in his way, 
*d with a gooil-humoured countenance. As he advanced 
^Wards the fire, he touched his shining forehead with the fore- 
^*gcr of his stiff leather glove, by way of salutation ; and said 
^her unnecessarily) that it was an uncommon wet day. 

**Vcry wet," said ^lartin. 


un AKD ADmrtmn or 

I know M cm t (m ■ wviur." 
m Ut m," mM Muttu. 

rbr«r Rlnnd at IbrUn'* aoiltd drw. nl lb Aif 
rM, ami bio mml fating yp k> iiy; aid mI^ dtol 
* Ihi wanunl hi> hinda : — 
ha*T Uiu caii^lil in il, ■Irl" 
" wo* thm aliairt Rpljr. 
rfclioBi Buybf I " Mini ibr ilrivrr. 
^mkl hav> faMn, If I •ivnnl k him; fart I teV 

4 'i HmI," «id tin drivPT. 
•d lujr ba wwm," mU Mutin. 

■/, lb* driTn Mill "That '■ Iwt," imA ■• mtA W^ i 

did n't mm a h«n« aa bpoaMa Iw mM W Mm'% •* I 

tvcklnN dmpuKliim of bla nnod nd diiMriMi^ ^ I 

» a iCTfvt .Inl k> tw lufMml Martta |«lUikB*k^' 

bta pnck< I- nti'l u-liittl'-.!, wtinj \,v lia*l nlortnl on Um in<v: 

tbuK KivinK him Ui undrnUnil llial h« didn't eafw a(«l' 

Fiirtiiii.-; Ili.i( li.- wia al.iV.' JT. l.ti.liliK t.. Ir h« fi- -rr* 
wIk'U Ik' wu' not: im.l t)iiil \u- miu].|»I lii< finK^n ■! UM> 
drivr, an.l .v.-.vl.-iv rl-.-. 

Th. .Irivrt |.->k.-'i a( liini Kl.'.ill)>ilv !••? a minnu ..r - *! 
in Dk' )»i<i-". of til- wanniiiK. wl.i.tlr.1 t..v Al IrOftb k> 
Baki-<1. a-> ti>' |>pii>t<-<l liU Ihiiiul- toKunl* the n«<I. — 


"Wlii.l, M u|>l" luii.l Murtin. 

■'I/.I1.1..I,. ..f .-.uir-.-," «i.i tlir .Irivrr. 

'Ti.. Ih.n. ■ ...i.i Mnrtiii, n.- I.««^i hu hr«l id . f»»l* 
maiin.r ,.fi. r- .rU. >u< if li- w.tiM t.»vr ..|.l.,L "N-- '* 
kiioH .<il j>-><it It, " |.iit 111' )>nii<l- •l<'')-r mU) hf pmiAk 
rhaii).-'.! Ill- till.-, .->ii.l fKi-tl.-] s littl.- I.xi.lrr 

■■/'in piiii; ll|^" '■Iwnnl tlir ilrivrr; "Iliraa*I»*, 1* 
nul'o Ihi^M.I- l^.n.lMi,." 

" Ar<' VM1I I " . ri.-.! M-irlin. iilo)i|>ini; •hnrt an>l Inkinc U L* 

T).- 'Iin- r •!.rii,L1.-l Ihr Im- villi li» wrt Ui until il ia^^ 
.«^.-.. -m.l .m-.-r.-l. A,, t- U -arr W w^ 

■Wh^. iWti.' " Mirtiii. ■■Ill I- pUin with ya. V<« 
iiia^ .<i{.p... frMin mv 'In-u tlut 1 liaTp nionrt !■■ (par*. ' 
h*w h..t All I <-an ^tr.-n) f.>r norli-lurr i> a <^<«ti. f.< I hc<* 
Ikii t» . I( vu ran lak-- mr t-i ilul, and a 
Uiu xilk Uii.lkFrrluef, du. It y.'u can't, l«m it • 


'* Short and sweety" remarked the driver. 

"You want morel" said Martin. "Then I haven't got 
aore, and I can't get it, so there's an end of that." Where- 
ipon he began to whistle again. 

"I didn't say I wanted more, did I?" asked the driver, 
«rith something like indignation. 

"You didn't say my offer was enough," rejoined Martin. 

"Why how could I, when you wouldn't let me I In regard 
to the waistcoat, I wouldn't have a man's waistcoat, much 
less a gentleman's waistcoat^ on my mind, for no consideration ; 
but the silk handkerchief's another thing; and if you was 
satisfied when we got to Hounslow, I should n't object to that 
18 a gift" 

"Is it a bargain, then ? " said Martin. 

"Yes, it is," returned the other. 

"Then finish this beer," said Martin, handing him the mug, 
UMi pulling on his coat with great alacrity; "and let us be off 
tt soon as you like." 

In two minutes more he had paid his bill, which amounted 
!o a shilling; was lying at full length on a truss of straw, high 
umI dry at the top of the van, with the tilt a little open in 
^t for the convenience of talking to his new friend ; and was 
noving along in the right direction with a most satisfactory 
^^ encouraging briskness. 

The driver's name, as he soon informed Martin, was Wil- 
^*ni Simmons, better known as Bill ; and his spruce appearance 
'w sufficiently explained by his connection with a large stage- 
*^hing establishment at Hounslow, whither he was conveying 
^ load from a farm belonging to the concern in Wiltshire. 
^ Was frequently up and down the road on such errands, he 
*i<li and to look after the sick and rest horses, of which ani- 
^ he had much to relate that occupied a long time in the 
^ng. He aspired to tlie dignity of the regular box, and 
^peeled an api)ointment on the first vacancy. He was musi- 
^ besides, and had a little key-bugle in his pocket, on which, 
'henever the conversation flagged, he played the first part ojf 
gteat many tunes, and regularly broke down in the second. 
''Ah!" said Bill, with a sigh, as he drew the back of his 
^ across his lips, and put this instrument in his pockety 
Wracrewing off the mouth-piece to drain it; "Lummy Ned 

tlie Light Salisbury, he was the one for musical talents. 


He yras a guard. What joa may call a Goazd'an Angd, fu 

** Is be dead t '^ asked Maitin. 

Dead ! *' replied the other, with a contemptuous empfaaik 
Xot be. You won't catch Ned a dying easy. No, na Bb 
knows better than that.** 

''You spoke of him in the past tense," observed MaitiOt 
"so I supposed he was no more." 

''He 's no more in England," said Bill, "if that's what yon 
mean. He went to the U-nited States." 

"Did be! ■' asked ^lartin, with sudden interest " Wheat " 

"Five year ago, or thenabout," said BilL "He bad set b| 
in the public line here, and could n't meet bis engagements^ » 
he cut off to Liverpool one day without saying anything aboot 
it, and went and shipped himself for the U-nited States." 

"WeUI" said Martin. 

" Well ! as be landed there without a penny to bless bimseU 
with, of course they wos very glad to see him in the U-nited 
States. "' 

" ^Vbat do vou mean ? " asked Martin, with some scorn. 

"What do* I mean!" said Bill. "Why, t/tat All men 
are alike in the U-nited States, ain't they ? It makes no odds 
whether a man has a thousand pound, or nothing, there — 
particular in New York, I 'm told, where Ned landed." 

" New York, was it ? " asked Martin thoughtfully. 

" Yes, -' said Bill. " New York. I know that, because he 
sent word home that it brought Old York to his mind, quite 
wivid, in consequence of being so exactly unlike it in every 
respect. I don't . understand wot particular business Ned 
turned his mind to, when he got there; but be wrote home 
that him and his friends was always a singing Ale Columbia, 
and l)lowing up the President, so I suppose it was something 
in the public line, or free-and-easy way, again. Anyhow, he 
made his fortune." 

"No!-' cried Martin. 

"Yes, he did," said Bill. "I know that, because be lost it 
all, the day after, in six -and- twenty banks as broke. He set- 
tled a lot of the notes on his father, when it was ascertained 
that they was really stopped, and sent *em over with a dutiful 
letter. I know that, because they was shown down our yard 
for the old gentleman's benefit, that he might treat himself 
with tobacco in the workus." 


^He was a foolish fellow not to take care of his money when 
e had it^ " said Martin indignantly. 

*' There you 're rights" said Bill, "especially as it was all in 
<aper, and he might have took care of it so very easy, by fold- 
Dg it up in a small parceL" 

Martin said nothing in reply, but, soon afterwards fell 
isleep, and remained so for an hour or more. When he awoke, 
inding it had ceased to rain, he took his seat beside the driver, 
Old a;$ked him several questions, — as how long had the f ortu- 
^te guard of the Light Salisbury been in crossing the Atlan- 
ic; at what time of the year had he sailed; what was the 
uune of the ship in which he made the voyage; how much had 
le paid for passage-money; did he suffer greatly from sea- 
ackness, and so forth. But on these points of detail, his 
friend was possessed of little or no information; either answer- 
Jig obviously at random, or acknowledging that he had never 
ticard, or had forgotten; nor, although he returned to the 
'iuirge very often, could he obtain any useful intelligence on 
•hese essential particulars. 

T^ey jogged on all day, and stopped so often — now to 
^^sh, now to change their team of horses, now to exchange 
)r bring away a set of harness, now on one point of business, 
uid now upon another, connected with the coaching on that 
^e of road — that it was midnight when they reached Houns- 
^0^. A little short of the stables for which the van was 
^und, Martin got down, paid his crown, and forced his silk 
^dkerchief upon his honest friend, notwithstanding the many 
Protestations that he didn't wish to deprive him of it, with 
*^hich he tried to give the lie to his longing looks. That done, 
Jiev parted company ; and when the van had driven into its 
>*n yard and the gates were closed, Martin stood in the dark 
treet, with a pretty strong sense of being shut out, alone, 
'pon the <lrcary world, without the key of it. 

But in this moment of despondency, and often afterwards, 
be recollection of Mr. Pecksniff operated as a cordial to him ; 
irakening in his breast an indignation that was very whole- 
toe in nerving him to obstinate endurance. Under the influ- 
loe of this fiery dram, he started off for Ix>ndon without more 
low Arriving there in the middle of the night, and not 
dofwing where to find a tavern oi)en, he was fain to stroll 
loat the streets and market-places until morning. 

LOT An umammm m ^H 

■nd liiniMttf, ahnit u hnvr bafof* dnra, ia A»l 

' npow n( tito Ailr)|ilii ; and ■rf'trwwwf biaMtf Is • 

' (nr Mp wLo WM Uluag dawn tb* •botlMn ol m tA 

i^hottM^ iBforaiad him ikal ba wa* • tUaa^m, m 

^«1 U ha eoold have a tml tkcm II W|n.wi^ hy 

, Out Iw awU. Though tuwa uf tU ylii^ H 

nUjr dMa, and Harlhi foil vwr ^ mJ (ntaM *h 

«[)! tnbi it, (or mralh, tt«t, uhI tmfithtam*. 

I| waa quitii btv in Iti* ailMDMin wban ha a«iAa; ■ 

tlnie ha liwl mulinl atiJ ilniwiil, and l*iA*a hfa A 

powiBg doak apin. Tbia wm all Iba haMa*. fcr i 

r a matte of abaolota Moaaaitjr that ha abooU |Mfl wM 

-<di to aoma ofaUging pawnhnkar. Ha wmU ha*a i 

il aftar dark for thia pwpoa^ thon^ It had baM tha 

_ &r 1b the jmt, and ha had bagon It wilha«t a hn^ 

Ha p^Md mora Ooldan Balls than all tha Ji^glafa ia E 

baT« juggled with, in tlio course of tkair uoitM) pvrfufmi 

before he eouM df-tiTniinp in favour of anv |ianiruW 

wli.-r.> ll,n-.. M-ii.l-.|s «.-r.- .|..i.l.,v..|. In I'l.- .,,.1. hr 

)«.)( t.. ..r..' ..f III.. Ilr-t 1..' lu.l ^-.-u. ..i>'l .-ht.T:.,.' U . 

a,..r in a -■..urt, «I,.t.- ih.^ Ilir.-.. UilU "Hi- 1>.-- I' -- "i ' ^ 

of ■ «-rivi. ..f hul.. .■l,,«.t-, -r 'iTiv..!.. )..t.-^' .■,.-!.,! t 

acrMii.iiM.l;>ti f tli- mof luAhful an.l <]i.ii.iti.>i-l r-i.% 

Hr lolt.-! hitiiM-lf in: ixill.-.! out In., wal.h. ml U>.| :i 

"l'|..i> i»y lifo AII.1 W.U1:-' wi.l > !..» V'.trr ,n \},r nrt 
to llir olinpttinn wli.i WO" ill IcimIv witli him. ■' y--.t ro'^a 
it uion', \-i i]iii-t irukr il a Iritli- iixT''. v"i m'i>: i^ 
V...1 liM.-t .li.|-ii«- inlh ..II.- lijlf-.|iiiirt*T ..f >ii ■■:,u-^ ,a - 

inK <>"t V'xir ]..<ii.'l ..f tl.-^l., i,.v 1.-.1 .■! fn.n.U. u.-l >j 
t»..-..i..|..ii.- l.„k iiLv.l.jnUnlv, fur l.r krirw ih^ ,..;- .t 

"V.iirrr ,.iw.\. fni: .,f vour .urr.- wi-i ii,.- .i,..j=»r, 
iiii: ti|. ihrartiri- i»i,„i, I.. 4.. I liU •> ohm I .r»<' v > ' 

«t r..iir-.-. iiii.l hiM.Lnk- III- i-'ii ii)-'n Hi- r.-nnt'-r. 

■'[ 1.L1II u.-v..r I., fi.ll ..f tiiv •h.Mt." «i.| Mr r c 
lolifca- I rnni.. l..-r- H l, Ii,.' N..t U.l! M.A^ .1 f 
■is, mv •I.>» fri-'D.I. |--iti>.lv T.r Ihi. .»-»■. -n ..nli I 
crown is ■ il>liK>itful cmi — 1w...iii'!-ii ' <i"in); kl !■ 
aix! For Itu- la*t tini-, at twi>-an'l»iK ! " 



I TPF fI^T7 TO'IT ^ 


"It'll never be the last time till it's quite worn out," 
joined the shopman. " It 's grown yellow in the service as 


"Its master has grown yellow in the service, if you mean 
lat, my friend," said Mr. Tigg; "in the patriotic service of an 
agratef ul country. You are making it two-and-six, I think f " 

"I'm making it," returned the shopman, "what it always 
18 been — two shillings. Same name as usual, I suppose ? " 

"Still the same name," said Mr. Tigg; "my claim to the 
>rmant peerage not being yet established by the House of 

"The old address?" 

"Kot at all," said Mr. Tigg; "I have removed .my town 
tablishment from thirty-eight, Mayfair, to number fifteen 
indred and forty-two. Park Lane." 

"Come, I'm not going to put down that, you know," said 
le shopman, with a grin. 

"You may put down what you please, my friend," quoth 
[r. Tigg. " The fact is still the same. The apartments for 
16 under-butler and the fifth footman being of a most con- 
»unded low and vulgar kind at thirty-eight, Mayfair, I have 
een compelled, in my regard for the feelings which do them 

> much honour, to take on lease, for seven, fourteen, or 
wenty-one years, renewable at the option of the tenant, the 
legant and commodious family mansion, number fifteen hun- 
Ired and forty two. Park Lane. Make it two-and-six, and 
x)me and see me ! " 

The shopman was so highly entertained by this piece of 
aumour, that Mr. Tigg himself could not repress some little 
»how of exultation. It vented itself, in part, in a desire to 
«e how the occupant of the next box received his pleasantry; 
o ascertain which, he glanced round the partition, and imme- 
iately, by the gaslight, recognised Martin. 

" I wish I may die, " said Mr. Tigg, stretching out his body 

> far that his head was as much in Martin's little cell as Mar- 
ty's own head was, " but this is one of the most tremendous 
^oetings in Ancient or Modem History! How are yout 
^Tiat is the news from the agricultural districts? How are 
*li friends the P. 's? Ha, ha! David, pay particular atten- 
^on to this gentleman, immediately, as a friend of mine, I 

f un um AnmtTTua or 

! PIcMo to sir* IM Mm tWMl jaam»im lU^* 
a, namlinK Um nicb hi tlw AupuMi, "I wi • 

(• tr*nt« mtiDnj innlir ! " criwl Mr. T>b wMi ■■■ 

Ihy. " Ihvlil, y<m trill havn Uwi gwMJaM Im 4b 

itmud f'v ray (rirtxl, wlio wiaU bmxmj wI). 

On^ wUli uy Mrml m if Im wfw inrMU. A 9M I 

ktdl, Dlivid, «iivinMaiB«l, t»p\md «im1 jwaUaJ a 

t^ Mttpa ntuniHMDl, knaonU] IvrM, aad ■■fwH 

om oonvcUjr, apoK my iitnan*) n>iMii*i*aa, «W 

-cnrp<l it Mrruw); fur nuuy jfM^ nittkr tW «aii t 

[uiiuUDm — " Him 1m wlnkwl at Mwlik, Ikit !• I 

lutsUtHl ibi* noiniMiMUtfaMi would hiT* m iaanv < 

■n tlw tliniMiU: "WW dn yin My, Uivkl, to «y M 

« «rrr |«r(inUar to diirr t my aatUm nd rMoaaHHA 

" 1 cu» I<'ti<1 yrni tliM-p jriHitj'l «r; Dik, If ymi lik^' aik 
itli<iI>miLii to Martin omfiilpnliallv. "Il'a vrtj uid-faaki 

I .-..iiM.i'i -,.v .M.,r...- 

-Am.I .l.vih-K h.m.l...iii^ I.-.." rri-i Mr Ti^v 
twlv-MX t..r IW «.,1.1., iili.l MA.-i.-.iti.l -n (..r [-t- ...: r- 
1 inti vT.ilifir.i; 11 iri:,v U- wi-nkli-'-. I«it 1 ntii TKr" : 
will .1... \V- l,.k.- It. Tt.r (inim- ..f ii.V tfi.'i.-i i- Hr 

|-tii.k-ii Smu.-v. ..[ HoH-.m, i«-.Miv-ix™i..l .-. diU li 1. 
Ii.-n- li- wuA.-.i ..1 M..rl.n i.pii... l- «|.i.n- hit.. U.xi 1. 
f..m- ;m,l .■.■r..„i..„,,.. fr.- nl-l l.» !..» •-r-- ., - -^ = 
witl,, .ii,.i „,ii,- MiMui-.l l.ut tl..- r...,].l -.( tlf r.^ (... 

Il> i-.uil ,.f(„t. til.. i.r,.v.-l I- I.- III. ■x-.-. 1-t M.r- -, 
li^i.l 1,.. r.--it..- l...t t- t..L.. wl,.,t ««- oir...-.l hiiii, . .- •- 
,>..|'ii.-..u.- ).v ^. t...! ..f hi- li.-™.l. «!..! |T...-i,!;> i.--- 

«':tK 1 ,-1, II. ),i- i--k.t. II.- »!>- J"....-! in tl., .t: 

Mr ill.'.-. «li.. « .rii.U ,-..„irr.tuUt"l h.m. .v l.^ 1. k ' ;. 
;il..l ..... Ilil..l,l-.l j.ui. 11.1-. ll... .tt.-.-t. "I. tl,r .llr,-.«(ul ;-■ 

-A- (..r 

..■.■■ ..ii.l Mr "i « t 

■■\...| ..|.h,-.. ,„.■ vrry T..;rh.- oi-l Mr. Tiii; -' 
'■N..«. -ir," ..lwrv.-.i Martiti. iMliiit; hu li)^ -tW u • 


» and we can easily find different ways in it. If you will 
me which is your way, I will take another." 
r. Tigg was about to speak, but Martin interposed : — 
' need scarcely tell you, after what you have just seen, 
I have nothing to bestow upon your friend, Mr. Slyme. 
it is quite as unnecessary for me to tell you that I don't 
B the honour of your company. " 

>top!" cried Mr. Tigg, holding out his hand. "Hold! 
e is a most remarkably long-headed, flowing-bearded, and 
irchal proverb, which observes that it is the duty of a 
to be just before he is generous. Be just now, and you 
te generous presently. Do not confuse me with the man 
e. Do not distinguish the maa Slyme as a friend of 
, for he is no such thing. I have been compelled, sir, to 
Ion the party whom you call Slyme. I have no know- 
of the party whom you call Slyme. I am, sir," said Mr. 
striking himself upon the breast, "a premium tulip, of 
y different growth and cultivation from the cabbage Slyme, 

t matters very little to me," said Martin coolly, "whether 
have set up as a vagabond on your own account, or are 
trading on behalf of Mr. Slyme. I wish to hold no cor- 
ndence with you. In the devil's name, man," said Mar- 
scarcely able despite his vexation to repress a smile, as 
figg stood leaning his back against tlie sluittors of a shop 
ow adjusting his hair with great composure, "will you go 
rav or other ? " 

fou will allow me to remind you, sir," said Mr. Tigg, 
sudden dignity, "that you — not I — that you — I say 
atically, i/ou — have reduced the proceedings of this even- 
> a cold and distant matter of Inisiness, when I was dis- 
[ to place them on a friendly footing. It being made a 
T of business, sir, I beg to say that I expect a trifle 
»h T shall bestow in charity) as commission upon the 
liary advance, in whicli I have rendered you my humble 
x*s. After the terms in which you have addressed me, 
concluded Mr. Tigp^, "you will not insult me, if you 
», by offering more than half a crown." 
irtin drew that piece of money from his pocket, and tossed 
irardB him. Mr. Tigg caught it, looked at it to assure 
M of its goodness, spun it in the air after the manner of 

un AXb Ain-KXTtrmM or 


nd faultooMl it upL naaUj, h* tm 
u. .-(» tnitB bia twul, with • BiiJiUrj ut, ■ 
ft moOHIlt wiUi deep pmritJT, m ki <1kh1« M wUA I 

b Im abouU ^va Um |ii iI iiiiii ia hk *■« ^1, <M 
.< In bU ikiri-poidE«to md awtttgmtA «Mad lh» « 
Un took Uh ditMllj o|ipirite oiwwi m4 ^ to M( | 
ul, Uwy |wtod eonfany. 

WM wilk m UUot mm ttf Iwwrilirtwi tlirt W « 
^ mmI ■fda, Um ■iwhuwi td faaving iiwmniiwJ. Mi 
Uw piwnbraktr'a ahofK Th* oaly omfart ka M ta 

rwa UnmU and SljrM, tW wvoM «l Iwt pHtM 
dOMtaDOK (m Mwtia ugiiwd} Inan totag haMi» to 
■JMbw o( 1^ fanilr, Um bv* po-aUUi? of wUeh fM 
wtth iImim uhI vmumM prUt*. AtaAmteilj, iIh» 
gnater ftwon, tivrhai<s fur *u|ipi*iti); ui; drrlAniis J 
Ti)((;'a to tw faW tliau fur ktUdiiiiK Um Ism* uw fa f 1 
till r.-i[i<'iiiU'riiit: th.- I>-riii. mi win,). tl>.- l^w^a 
t;.-:ill.i.m., ..1..) Li- l.».:m Ui.ud Ul .uUi.t.,1. "w,,! :,.. ^ 
[ ..f Mr. Ti^:>i - l,..M..t; .-.uUi-l--! u. !=...:« 
l.iiKii,..» .-f ).i» ..uu .m Mr. Slim.-'- r..iin-rti..ii. ii l^i . 
m.tia<i.\.- »|-['-<tr:ih.'.' ..f ,.r..)«).,lity ; at J) ri.i.l,. M^-..n k 

■<>, Illl'l timl H< r>l II Inlii: Hjit. 

ihx Iir-l .(•)■. t.M» ilul )»• )ii>.l a r>u|.pl.v ■( rr*!. n.. »■ 
hji- |iri--.iil ii'i'-'^'ili'i', wiui I'l ri'taiii In" t-'l ■! ll.- 5* 
tiMii«' imlii f irlli'T tiotK", ;iii-I t'< wnl<' a f'-rui.*! tn- U- 
I'm.l. .r.T )<■' k>..» IV.L.iiiir >^■•^M m,- il . n.,„.,i,c^ t. 
Ill- • f.-ru,i.|..l I.. ].<.|>,)..ti |.% r.<t.)>. «ith ■ I.T»1. 

l- |.ft .ll th. ...■ ni.til c.U"l (..r. Tl--. t.»».-;r.- Uiri 

l«f^.l tl.. iiiUf\A l.f..f 11..' I..1 nrrn-l — il-f" 1... 

..f ...M...., ,l„|.,,i,i^,„,;..„t. m tlin .-iH . w„l 1,1 li.,4.--r-,.^ I 
tl..- .l.-k- ^n.i »L,i.v..-, »illi ttir (..Kit Ih.l- ..(;w 

.'ii.l-.Uii ..f .'.m.-ll.i>.K- -r M.m.'U'.lt. -l.irh m.^ll .t^-.i, 
U> iT.-ur.- .1 I..-.. iM^iK"- Hill tii..iiiii: -- n lli«i t^^ 

-iti- ■•( . iiijl .*m.i.t ».tr tiUU !.■ |.r.~iit llH-m.'Im. 

tlrt-4fl1.l1: III- r.-[iH<.|ii.<rir<w <-i ■l<>bv. In- -In-ir u|< • U.--ft * 
IfriiiTil. .tatit.^ uk4l )..' «ai.I.-.| ^ui.l itt>'rt..l It tn tW H. 
Iir«r>]«|n>i,. IVixliii^ till' rfC<-i|>t «( tltr twroli ..« I 


which he vaguely expected, he reduced his wardrobe 
the narrowest limits consistent with decent respectability, 
carried the overplus at different times to the pawnbroker's 
aliop, for conversion into money. 

And it was strange, very strange even to himself, to find 
liOfw by quick though almost imperceptible degrees he lost his 
delicacy and self-respect, and gradually came to do that as a 
icnatter of course without the least compunction, which but a 
fcw short days before had galled him to the quick. The first 
tone he visited the pawnbroker's, he felt on his way there as 
if every person whom he passed suspected whither he was 
going; and on his way back again, as if the whole human tide 
ke stemmed knew well where he had come from. When did 
lie care to think of their discernment now ! In his first wan- 
derings up and down the weary streets, he counterfeited the 
"Walk of one who had an object in his view; but, soon there 
esme upon him the sauntering, slipshod gait of listless idleness, 
snd the lounging at street-comers, and plucking and biting of 
rtray bits of straw, and strolling up and down the same place, 
Wid looking into the same shop-windows, with a miserable 
indifference, fifty times a day. At first, he came out from his 
lodging with an uneasy sense of being observed — even by 
those chance passers-by on whom he had never looked before, 
•nd hundreds to one would never see again — issuing in the 
morning from a public- house ; but now, in his comings- out and 
goings-in he did not mind to lounge about the door, or to 
stand sunning himself in careless thought beside the wooden 
8tem, studded from head to heel with pegs, on which the beer- 
pots dangled like so many boughs upon a pewter-tree. And 
yet it took but five weeks to reach the lowest round of this tall 

Oh, moralists, who treat of happiness and self-respect, innate 
in every sphere of life, and shedding light on every grain of 
dust in God's highway, so smooth below your carriage- wheels, 
80 rough beneath the tread of naked feet, — bethink yourselves 
in looking on the swift descent of men who have lived in their 
own esteem, that there are scores of thousands breathing now, 
and breathing thick with painful toil, who in that high respect 
have never lived at all, nor had a chance of life I Go ye, who 
rest so placidly upon the sacred Bard who had been young, and 
when he strung his harp was old, and had never seen the right- 

r Uwir hmd 

MiiiHrtmiito ui* I 

■gilkB of doi^Mt igDomH*. hmI lUtenMl abn 

_«Mb~nd wty eantmy bopilal pLul apnac ay ■ 

thrt It sxtiiwaMhw Um wnl'« fari(kt Im^ h M< 

Awl. obi VB I1»ri««M0f UW DtMlMS kM* 

^ ,.iruti>n Knuwlodg*^ who Kmadiaglj f f mI kha 
, Mw Uut il 1m Imtuu flr^ Tak« htmA H hM k* I 
r~iniin], ilnrinfl ymr ilamtwt and Ut* aUafi a( f<MaMi 
ba luliirv o( Uw Hnwtal 

D WMtu! U( &U Um tvwitr « Uuity mmm^ ■« 

oonw^ tb mow? — rfMB ik wUUmkmI abck b 

■1 fn» tb* UiapoMl of hi* w\mn deAm <*a<l ttot •• 

Jv for obiU)a% UkwrIi iUbt to buy, w* «bMp 1* r«M 

( (oMt dimluUting. V«t wImI e<mU b* dol Al uh 

^.aj auM aTir Uim in wbkh Im dwt«d f«tb i^i*. Ih 

be «-u ImI nrwly hiinM-. Mt>!. n>taftiini( to buoh |4m* »h« 

bkil liti-ti »ln-w)y twcnly tiuim, luftje wtiiip nvw •tlrmpl t« 

I" 1 

.'TL.l. l.t.I 
-M (•■t ., 


nlwov- mil 


■ 1 (..i.illv .u- 

,111.1 >.-. 

ir. 11]. 

.1, |....|-. 



■ ■ .•.Tt.iiiitv ..f .!..lll^,• i:r,-..l ll.iiu-- 

■ il.i ..iil> i;.-l Ih-rr. In ,.t.-|..t!;-.n 

,^ \i,.. n..i I-..-.I..1 fr.,1,1 1„. „-t..;.. 

-.-U -. 

■X ol.l. 

iM I 


Ill- l.r,ii!i Willi th- r\ ■-.hi tl,,t i,i.-ii ^.■.. 111.- li,.r.- .,t, t:-- 
Hliil." lui.-lil :,iili.i|..i. 1,11.1 u. 111.- .,tt..iritii.:il --f :. _ 
*l.i.-li ».-f .i.-jr.-l 1-. Ki- K- .rl, H.- ■■(•,.[. ll.- --.I 
W™tl,--l. .m! t.-;.|.. ; .K,^.■ ..■;1 f..r ...i i.I -.• 
•ctually wiill..-.| «!..^n I-eiI.e. (..r thn.' .1,.>. t-.^.K^r. 
•Kprm* ).iir|->-' "( ii>-<'tin.' witli l].:ii. lEut, al:I. -.^ii t. 
in Ihu, «n.| ■lihoii^h !>.• «.,uM ii..i lu>r H-riilnl i. 


9y of him, and although he believed that John would have 

it, yet still he could not bring his mind to write to Pinch 
inquire where he was to be found. For although, as we 

seen, he was fond of Tom after his own fashion, he could 
endure the thought (feeling so superior to Tom) of making 

the stepping-stone to his fortune, or being anything to 
but a patron ; and his pride so revolted from the idea that 
^trained him even now. 

might have yielded, however, and no doubt must have 
led soon, but for a very strange and unlooked-for occur- 


he iive weeks had quite nm out and he was in a truly 
erate plight, when one evening, having just returned to 
xnlging, and being in the act of lighting his candle at the 
et in the bar before stalking moodily up stairs to his own 
L, his landlord called him by his name. Kow, as he had 
r told it to the man, but had scrupulously kept it to him- 
he was not a little startled by this; and so plainly showed 
igitation, that the landlord to reassure him said ** it was 
a letter. " 

\ letter ! " cried Martin. 

For Mr. Martin Chuzzlewit," said the landlord, reading 
uperscription of one he held in his hand. "Noon. Chief 
p. Paid." 

artin took it from him, thanked him, and walked up 
s. It wa^ not sealed, but pasted close; the hand- writing 
quite unknown to him. He opened it, and found en- 
d, without any name, adtlress, or other inscription or 
Lnation of any kind whatever, a Bank of England note for 
itv Pounds. 


> say that he was perfectly stunned with astonishment and 
ht; that he looked again and again at the note and the 
per; that he hurried below stairs to make quite certain 
the note was a good note, and then hurried up again to 
fy himself for the fiftieth time that he had not overlookeil 

scrap of writing on the wrapper; that he exhausted and 
ldere<l himsf4f with conjectures, and could make notliing 
; but that then* the note was and he was suddenly en- 
d, would 1k3 only to relate so many matters of course to 
vurpoee. The final upshot of the business at that time 

that he resolved to treat himself to a comfortable but 


urt A»n ADTKirrrmB » 


*1 In hh own cfaanhM': ud havfaf a 

iwd, wimt ant Ut pwvlwM It tiatiiwitk. 

n liouRht MM coU bnt. md h«. wd PnMk iMii 

r, iikI aam hirk <ritb bi> pnekcto |vaMr kMvily li 

w ■cwnnwlist n( ■ (laM]iltiit cimiBw' 
d( snnk", wliirli WM attrilnUlile ti> 
Jklo hniuft tMlomlly vidona wmI « 

I aad laRw oilur trilt*. vhirh hai] l>m pni np tW ««■ 
>«ap tlw nia ouk Thny ba<i alnw]? if mh1m4 lU» • 
, howtfTiT, aRil pni|(pnl up lh» winAwr — ili vitk a I 
tt tilV«nurl In k«p it npMi ^ m thttt, cuapl !■ brfi^ rt 
imiBUirr tu lite rm and choking tu llw loxf^ tha ^ 
pt w«* quitn niiufrwtaMM- 

■tortin WM in no rMo to qiumi vith It, " t k*! feMH 
iHt bilM»>ilr nidrr, n]vri>IIj irbm a i^MaHUag fimt rf p 
wa« .Pi tip-n III* UUp. nn-l ih" uTTnnt'irirl witf*!f»w, >•« 
with hiT partiotilnr iimtnirtioiu rcUtivr Ui Ih* |,« h..t wh.n If M,..„).l ring lli.> U|| Th- " 
l-'ii.- Mripi-.! Ill :i |'l..v.).|ll, Mnrlii. I..I.I ll..' . 1 !l, U 

i»^- lb.l 

It'iil <.T, It,.. Iiiih' n<Tin.I U)J-- «iih tl,> :■ 


inl-. ntnl .irnti.-iin; ili- nilUii.m uj-m U, TV f'< 

th.- ).-. 

1. will, li W.U. v.ry .!■— l-i lli^ tin-, nn-wr^t f.-r . . 

l...r.! : 

^i[iil wlini If li.i-l "-.imjiUt.-i till—' jT«j>aril. ia 


• 1 nil nl<l ..nii-iliair iiit- thr wnnii.--t ..nwt. xal 

■ InWII t. 

■ ■-njnv lnm«-!f. 

».' ] 

Iijul l.-uiin I" --nt with irT'nl ai'j«lil'-, t'linniu: roe»i 

ro-Tii ni 

.■■.inwliil-- irilli n lriiiTii|>liant iinli<-t]<ili"n ••! <(u<.:tuh 

f..r . V- 

r ..11 th.- Tii-.tT..w. wlion hi- »tt.(.ii..n w». trv**^ \ 


■ f-.l.t..]. ..II 111.' -liirM, „i„l |,r.-«.|,tli U > kn.»k •« 


r .|...r. wliirh. ™lth..iii-h it WW a p-ntlr kn-^k €&■« 

(-•■Ill Mini 

III. it.-l xii'li n .tan t.< tho liin.ll' -f hrr*>»l tin 


V l-ii--.! .ml ..f will. 1. XT, lunl )>luilbT<l inl<- thr itnvt. 

■• M' 

.,.- ,-..,ls I .M,.,--.- •-■.i-l M.rtin, ■■<■.,», in-- 


niu 1 n hl-Ttv, •ir. th.'iitih it Hvm* *.v" rry:»i 


v..irr. -V.-ur M-rv.nt. .>r. H-jw »,-, t, ,Mn « 


III .tnr«I si III- f*.» Ihit WB. l.-winc in lb* i-rt^ 


V tTiii>-ml»ritii; thr fr.iinm ami rifimooo. Kii ^ 


11^-1.. »h.<m th.v U|..„^-.^|. 



the Dragon, dr, and was forced to leave in consequence of a 
want of jolHtj, sir." 

"To be sure!" cried Martin* "Why, how did you come 

"Right through the passage, and up the stairs, sir," said 

" How did you find me out, I mean t " asked Martin. 

"Why, sir," said Mark, "I 've passed you once or twice in 
the street, if I 'm not mistaken ; and when I was a looking in 
at the beef-and-ham shop just now, along with a hungry sweep, 
as was very much calculated to make a man jolly, sir, I see 
you a buying that." 

Martin reddened as he pointed to the table, and said, some- 
what hastily : — 

" Well ! what then ? " 

"Why then, sir," said Mark, "I made bold to f oiler; and 
as I told 'em down stairs that you expected me, I was let up. " 

" Are you charged with any message, that you told them you 
were expected ? " inquired Martin. 

"No, sir, I ain't," said Mark. "That was what you may 
call a pious fraud, sir, that was." 

Martin cast an angry look at him; but there was something 
in the fellow's merry face, and in his manner — which with all 
its cheerfulness was far from being obtrusive or familiar — that 
quite disarmed him. He had lived a solitary life too, for 
many weeks, and the voice was pleasant in his ear. 

"Tapley," he said, "I'll dejd openly with you. From all 
I can judge, and from all I have heard of you through Pinch, 
you are not a likely kind of fellow to have been brought here 
by impertinent curiosity or any other offensive motive. Sit 
down. I 'm glad to see you." 

"Thankee, sir," said Mark. "I 'd as lieve stand." 

"If you don't sit down," retorted Martin, "I '11 not talk to 

"Very good, sir," observed Mark. "Your will 's a law, sir. 
Down it is ; " and he sat down accordingly upon the Ijedatead. 

" Help yourself, " said Martin, handing him the only knife. 

"Thankee, sir," rejoined Mark. "After you 've done." 

"If you don't take it now, you '11 not have any," said Mar- 

"Very good, sir," rejoined Mark. "That being your desire 

TOL. I. 

un jum uiTnmmi a* 

k" With which nplf h* cnmly Wfid tai 
» Mtinit. Maitia havit^dgm th»yh»ln«d 
am, Mii)«lru|«l7i — 
i> *» 7<m 401110 in Loodon t " 
Ui^{ >t all, *ir," tvjntnnl Uarfc. 
^ '■ Uwt t " MMked Mutin. 
'Ut « iiboo," Mi*l M«rk. 
I MTiy fi« yuo," Mill Martin. 
> T<i aUand apca a ilaik guilliiMn * Maoaad II 
LB Uw «wiib7 Uw i«>M dMbsUk MdwiUltew^ 
Tfd. Wis* no otfM*" 
aid Dim w ptdoUdlj, Uwl UnUa *vpid ia ha «ri 
M: — 

foo mean nw^" 
I, I do, >ir," inlarpoMd Mark. 
"Than jroa nqr Jodga ban mj itTb of Uviig ha* rf 
•BWiu of koaping a mu-MrvtuiL B « ai<to >, I un (oing la Ai 
iea iDicu<^iaU-lj'." 

" Wt'll, RJr, " ri'tiimnl Mark, i|uitr untuovrd K tkt* )■■ 
p-no-. "tr...!, !.ll lh,.l .-vr [ li.^.nl uU.iil it, I .1,...; t «. Vi 
ka 1- .1 v..n -.rt ui j.!.... (..r m.' t.. !-■ j.lU ;■, ', M.irtiii l.-.k-l i.t Inm ..i.kiiH . J»'l V>.-^ t... ^ 
null.-! .i".>v in ~,..i.- -I lun.-lf. 

■■I/.r.l M.--- %..:i. -ir,- «;ii.i M.ifk. - i'. Ih- ti- ( 

P>jn^' [ ..I m.! ^>llll.l. »ii.| hi.liiit: l.-Kiixl lU -n^-t 

.l.-i-ui^; u]. ..11.1 .!■.«(!. «l,.-.. «v .■«., ,nu,.. .tr...»;ht 1.. n- ; 
II. MV H....1-: I -v- 1m.1 i,n .■%.■ 11,.... V.-u ...V I:n..- tLa ! 

i.n:l,i. 1 -.■ «.ll .■r,..iitl. lli..i it,.-rv ■. « --r... 1 .«■ i^i ■ I kii-»M n-11 ■'ito'.L'li tl>.- Iin-I l.i.i- 1 —r > 'i i 
«I li,- |)r..^-i. UmI II tiMi-l 1.- ": -.■r.--r ..t Ijt.t. N ■, 

,-. V. ,r l.-'...,Li. , (..r I -..*.■.! 11]. 1 1 .Ihh.-I n..-4i. t-A- -.i, ' I 1.. 1|. It, ..1 ll,.- l'r..L-..ti~li.rv .m 1 will.* l.i.^ 
«l,,.l - «...l.r-..ii,.-. ...M ,. lAiii;; (-.r %...i, ii.-l ■ -..!. 1. 

..nt .!r..ii^ iiiil.T . :r. i.i, -; - ..- tt..iil.i k.-.-|. tu-o ^ 

.,i,.l «ai i-il I..U Hi.. ... »,ll *..■! 1...V.. n..-i- 

-11. .« ,-..., 1 l.k.. w.,i:-,,....l M.Mu., 

-Ul,.-l, I ..» l-.i.-,- r. 1 ii..^l M,.iL. -I u;.*li * ,11 »■■< 
111.. -..! .ii,.i «l„i. I -.1 «::l ^..■l 1.1 m- n.^ I li..-*ii -.11 . - 
n... »;.. ..I-.,.- uith ^...l: (.-r .-.. I u ;I1. ^.i,,.!,..- . t ^: i 
>i.w ti...l i.-ii VI -ji.l Am. 1 11.1, I -i- .Ipw at --n.-r, lt»l U. 


the place for me to be jolly in. Therefore, if I don't pay my 
own passage in the ship you go in, sir, I '11 pay my own pas- 
sage in another. And mark my words, if I go alone it shall be, 
to carry out the principle, in the rottenest, craziest, leakingest 
tub uf a wessel that a place can be got in for love or money. 
So if I 'm lost upon the way, sir, there '11 be a drowned man at 
your door — and always a knocking double- knocks at it, too, or 
never trust me I " 

"This is mere folly," said Martin. 

**Very good, sir," returned . Mark. "I'm glad to hear it, 
because if you don't mean to let me go, you '11 be more comfort- 
able, perhaps, on account of thinking so. Therefore I contra- 
dict no gentleman. But all I say is, that if I don't emigrate 
to America in that case, in the beastliest old cockle-shell as 
goes out of port, I'm — " 

"You don't mean what you say, I 'm sure," said Martin. 

** Yes, I do, " cried Mark. 

"I tell you I know better," rejoined Martin. 

"Very good, sir," said Mark, with the same air of j^rfect 
satisfaction. " Let it stand that way at present, sir, and wait 
and see how it turns out. Why, love my heart alive ! the only 
doubt I have, is whether there 's any credit in going with a 
gentleman like you, that 's as certain to make liis way there as 
a gimlet is to go through soft deal." 

This was touching Martin on liis weak point, and having 
him at a great advantage. He could not help thinking, either, 
what a brisk fellow this Mark was, and how great a change he 
had wrought in the atmosphere of the dismal little room already. 

"Why, certainly, Mark," he said, "I have hopes of doing 
well there, or I should n't go. I may have the qualifications 
for doing well, perhaps." 

"Of course you have, sir," returned Mark Tapley. "Every- 
Ijodv knows that." 

" You see," said Martin, leaning his chin upon his liand, and 
looking at the fire, " ornamental architecture applied to domestic 
purposes can hardly fail to he in great request in that coiuitry ; 
for men are constantly changing their residences there, and mov- 
ing further off; and it 's clear they must have houses to live in." 

"I should say, sir," ol)servod Mark, "that that's a state of 
things as opens one of the jolliest look-outs for domestic ardii- 
tecture that ever I heerd tell on." 



- I 

glaiwwl *t him hwtilj, not fwliBg ^ 

thai Ihu mnMrk lm|tliM ft doabt «/ I 

* pluu. But Mr. Ta[il«j WM 

with Neh miUm fwal Ulb uiJ • 

(n U« rfam^ lhi» ba moU Mtbnl !■ ^IM 

iouM UtMB to Ub UiBll, bMVW, M th» M* A 

!{• prodioid U» Uuak enw ta wkkh lb* mi*1 
nMd, umI lBJi« bk «jH DO Mwfc M W firt tt ■ 
id: — 

Idl IM ttw tnith. Da jon kwnr aBflltti^ tk 

t IURi«il il uTM- uiil ov«r; b*U K dmi bia •jro, Ud 

MO) blm at um'a length ; belil il with Ifaa mtf^ta^ 

t, and wilb tbo npmeriplloii <kiwnirinl», amt ^ 

ngad wtth auBh % ganiuiM wpt — i iM utf ■ J i k i Am mI 

.^MkadUw qBMtko, thai UmUb ibM. m b» iMk i b 
nim aiiaiii : — 

"No, I Mv you ilon't. How ahouM joal TViOftK n^ 
four ktioHiiiK' nl'itit it w.mM tint )■■ mon' i-itraf^luian tl 
ita l-lliK li.-r--. <-..ti,... T..l.lvv," li- n.|.l.-l, -Jwr . m-art 
tli..u(;lit, -ril tniM V..U witll mv hi.t-.n, ...rh >. it ». ■ 
tl.n. 11 «-.■. in..r- .l-i.rlv, whnt *.rt ..'( f..rl.u.« v.« .v. 
link VMtir^'lf t,. if v.-n T'IImw.-.) ." 

"l' l.>:\otir>ti. Mr," Mi'l Murk, "loil «f.<rr t -g m 
upili il, »il] V...I Ink.- III.- if 1 .-h-or !•> p>' Will T.-4 Ion 
m.--M.irk T.|.l.-v — f..rmi-rlv ,.( tl..- Ith.r I»r«K.«i, u -»■ 
w.'ll r.-.'..ri,Tn.'ri.i-l l.v Mr Vm--]i. alul » vmU a ^■*nll'»u 
V'.ur -tr.'ii^l1i ..f luHxl (.. |.-.k ii|>t»'. or will y^t. iti rlisS 
til.- Ini.i.t .!• V . I >■ '^-rt,.iii 1.' j.ft t- till- I..]. ..(, tak- n>. »: 
with v..„ :,t .,r.-..,tf„| ,li.t..i..^t N..W. .ir." «..| Mark, : 
..f wry littl- lini-Tl,.!,.-.. t.. ^n„. I kl.-w — Ih- ^ ■. IW J- 

m( r 


. uxl 1 

ii.l <L- .1 '.-.iD.I api-nl to Martin* w^^k t' 

■'rviiii..>i ..f It lt<-<-I «( tlip hrol. Mr Tk> 

hr^x.l ..).^.r>.'r Whrllwr an inUM^-ui 
it liil t)»- m^rk (nil. (»r M«rtin. r>>iL! 
i>i Willi n r->ti'l-'~ivii*i>>Ii vhirh «at iDvitCi 



"Then, sir/' said Mark, rubbing his hands, "the job 's done. 
jo on, sir, if you please. I 'm all attention." 

Throwing himself back in his arm-chair, and looking at the 
Ire, with now and then a glance at Mark, who at such times 
lodded his head sagely, to express his profound interest and 
itention, Martin ran over the chief points in his history, to 
he same effect as he had related them weeks before to Mr. 
.^^ch. But he adapted them, according to the best of his 
udgment, to Mr. Tapley's comprehension; and with that view 
nade as light of his love affair as he could, and referred to it 
n very few words. But here he reckoned without his host; 
or Mark's interest was keenest in this part of the business, 
ind prompted him to ask sundry questions in relation to it; 
:or which he apologised as one in some measure privileged to 
lo so, from having seen (as Martin explained to him) the young 
Ady at the Blue Dragon. 

*'And a young lady as any gentleman ought to. feel more 
proud of being in love with," said Mark energetically, *' don't 
Iraw breatL" 

'' Ay ! You saw her when she was not happy, " said Martin, 
^ing at the fire again. " If you had seen her in the old times, 
indeed — " 

"Why, she certainly was a little down-hearted, sir, and 
mmething paler in her colour than I could have wished, " said 
Mark, "but none the worse in her looks for that. I think she 
seemed better, sir, after she come to London. " 

Martin i^ithdrew his eyes from the fire; stared at Mark as if 
he thought he had isuddenly gone mad; and asked him what 
be meant. 

"No offence intended, sir," urged Mark. "I don't mean to 
say she was any the happier without you; but I thought she 
was a looking better, sir." 

" Do you mean to tell me she has been in London ? " asked 
Martin, rising hurriedly, and pushing back his chair. 

"Of course I do," said ]Mark, rising too, in great amazement, 
from the bedstead. 

Do you mean to tell me she 's in London now ? " 
Most likely, sir. I mean to say she was, a week ago." 
And you know where ? " 

" Yes ! " cried Mark. " Wliat ! Don't you ? " 

''My good fellow!" exclaimed Martin, clutching him by 


^ un ASH APTixTTBas or 
"I luvr iH-TvT •wo hrr liim I UA vy | 

Own!" ai*A \tuk, glrinii tU lilU* tolife i^j 
I U> rinehed Brt Uist tba alieM of ImT mI 
tpimll, wUk«Ubi« faatoM iMMd, wMk M^ 
f op tslo U* farabwMl, aad avvw «aala| hiA i 
.*, "if I lim't jraor iMt'nl bmi MraMt. Uh4 Vt M 
•■«'t meli ■ tiling In natar' m ■ R)w> nr^p:^. W 
mat * muhllng np nwl iluim ■ nU chordk-jrapd m 
itinfi ravKclf ialo a JoUjr abd*-. ilkl n'l 1 m» pwr (■ 
d kKldltuK (u uiil fni tor |iT»tl^ niffa « nntd bMl| 
I WftUli tiiiD into TudK«n'> ownMiernat I ibi limhi^l 
■Icb hiiQ (lilt, Anil w*tch him IwitiM' ti> bw botrL mJ m 
dl him M hi« WW Uw Mrrin- fur ny mxir;. mA 1 14 
Ki, afara I left Itw I>ngi» I Wm d'1 tfaa ji iij l^ra| 
n|; with hitn tlwn, and didn't ■!»• bl) • tftjtt?^ itA- 
tnannpr iw wx (■■autiful li> hw! Ihd n't jtmr irnaiUallvT ^ 
'L'lntm bifcrk afroin WKl wer^' wnl ilidn't I |p> »«» •^. 
nll.1 <li<I III li>- K.IV timl )■■• n<til.| ti'l iunk<- >i|> hi> niinl *. !- -^ 
■M.U.Iy iM> Tii-.i.-. un.| th.T.-rnr.- »<.> .-nKV r- ' > 
th<- Mi]ii>- tiiiir A.^.l NDiK'll.iii); !•• ilniik v m- ) i;. - - - 
Wliv.- .Tir.l Mr. 'U\-]<s. «ilh n tia.t.^r. -.f ■ .' 
anil rli,.;.'!-!]!. ■■ wli.-r.- ■- III.- rf-lit ..f a niaii . l.-.tu ; ;.i 
Hiii-li rLr.-iiTii-t.iii.-.-- «ti.. rnuM ti.-I|. It, wli.-n liui,.-. ■-- 
a)N.iit lik.-ll.i-'" 

|-'..r -■III" iii.iu.'iil-. M.irtiii »l/H-l puinj; kl Kim, tr .'. - 
rciillv .|..ut.t.-.l ih.TM.l.'ii... .,( hi. --r.^... ,„.| r.„il.l 1. « ■■-.- 
tl.^il M.irk -t.-l !li.f, ill Hi- l.-l> l.f..r.- hiin. U •..<:,-^- •' 

if Xhr 

. I.r 

I Kim 'l-^oi II 
' ri.-.! Mirit. 

' l>y ll,r .1 

■■Makr It .lr..t«:. «t I 
ik Kil / .h.«il.i It, a • 

> furtlirr luljuratiKO, but wmt U.< v-^ i- 


:. rate ; while Mr. Tapley, installing himself without any 
ormalities into the functions of his valet and general 
int, divested himself of his coat, and went on to dear 
t-place and arrange the room ^- talking to himself in a 
ice the whole time. 

Uy sort of lodgings," said Mark, rubbing his nose with 
) at the end of the fire-shovel, and looking round the 
bamber: "that's a comfort. The rain's come through 
f too. That ain't bad. A lively old bedstead, I '11 be 
popilated by lots of wampires, no doubt. Come ! my 
is a getting up again. An uncommon ragged night-cap 
A very good sign. We shall do yet ! Here Jane, my 
calling down the stairs, " bring up that there hot tum- 
•r my master, as was a mixing when I come in. That 's 
sir," to Martin. ''Go at it as if you meant it, sir. Be 
inder, sir, if you please. You can't make it too strong, 



■\RTIK MM APir" ~~TirB LAOT OV ■» VOTWi U» 
■ M OML-rNt tKPO Id. At. WNMtf ra«TCK« KS UIUM 

iMIw Mac ddjr riffwd, Mbd, «id ildiiwi. w 

ft Harii Tk^lvj. for inuMdtala dBB»«yMw if pMdb 

■omhM m mU in hk mtM? « I* W MdlMft 

«i>t WM Bighl, jiutMtlMlnMftWMalii^i «dkA* 

-.Mt iBbilliiMiM Uwt b* had MBi il «p Min to Am }M« 

May, rnrioM^I in n nnall nunuBcript of hit mm, pD|Hrtiag k 

conUin hit fnitbnr |MliUoD to b* ttfp^ itt Xr. CbwdM^Tl ' 

MTvlci.- ; tnil itul *Im> bw) liriwiU mmr iJawn ami u4d Ua, ■ 

gn>iit liMti- (ti'l ■i:iUtliin, thai ihr winilil ox*! th* giMll^m 

*t «i|^il >i'i:l.rk I'MtiiorPTW murniii); m 8(. Juim ■ INiL b 

WW Lhni MCrml VrtwM'a the nrw ma»Wt atkl lb* mrw bk 

tliat Msrk kI I<1 U- in wnitinc near tlio b^'lrl in ,^>.■l uv. W 

nanirt th<- youn^ l:i>Iy tn thi- iilaco of •]i|>>inlii»-nt . uvl «bi« 
thi-y tiH'l |«%rt-.! (.r lli.- iiik;til with thi« ui..lrr»I»n-iitv. >(»--■*> 
t..>k <ii. liix l-'li UK»tri. nt>.| Ut;tf hr wrDt I.. )«^ wr4* ■» 

. «h.l 

-f 11 

1 pr. 


till' iii'rriiiit;, whi'li won riail in lh<- Irart rliiiafci IIK I't th* ti>«i 
hiir..!!..! .ui.l Mxtv-liv.> .lu-^-* in thr »ui)n.l.r ..( the i<w Ii 
».^. r..^*, .I.xi.p, <l.,rk. an<l <h»nul: ttir rlnii.U wrtr M asUt 
M Ihi' ^:^.lln.|, nn ! th.- -hi.rt (--r-pitivp <.( M^ry rttwt <»t 
•vi-iiii.- vr.iM il.^.l 11]. l.v th.' mi«t a.- hv ■ filthy rurtaiti 

-KiTi-' H'.iiK.-r iTi'|.'.<l," Martin Utl^th M>lil<>|UK»*L. "U' h 
Hnii'l-riii,.- <!]• .Ml.) .I..»ii )>.-n> in, likf a'thirt! Kinr >m1^ 
11..I..-I, f r .. m-'KiiK' .>r l.vr- m Ihr ..[.rn air. ai>l m > T«U- I i^'<-l 1- .U'l^'iniii^-, »ilh ikU ^1-^1. (.V aiK4brr »o 
try, (..r I l,.i- ...;,„. i.. „ ,,r..uv |-i- m th«?- 

H" li.i.-l.t |-:lii|» lt.1t>- K">>" "" <" rrflrrl thai "f all »>V 
inK* 111 I'l- 1. ir, It rt.v Ih.- l-«l raloilalr.1 (nc a t.«a( 
lady* xiiitiii^ f'-rlh "ii Mirh dii i-rraiid, ritbrr. Itut bf «v 


stopped on the road to this reflection, if his thoughts tended 
that way, by her appearance at a short distance, on which he 
burned forward to meet her. Her squire, Mr. Tapley, at the 
same time fell discreetly back, and surveyed the fog above him 
with an appearance of attentive interest. 

''My dear Martin," said Mary. 

''My dear Mary," said Martin; and lovers are such a singu- 
lar kind of people that this is all they did say just then, though 
Martin took her arm, and her hand too, and they paced up and 
down a short walk that was least exposed to observation, half 
1 dozen times. 

"If you have changed at all, my love, since we parted," 
laid Martin at length, as he looked upon her with a proud 
delight, "it is only to be more beautiful than ever! " 

Had she been of the common metal of love-worn young 
ladies, she would have denied this in her most interesting 
manner; and would have told him that she knew she had be- 
come a perfect fright; or that she had wasted away with weep- 
ing and anxiety; or that she was dwindling gently into an 
early grave; or that her mental sufferings were unspeakable; 
or would, either by tears or words, or a mixture of both, have 
famished him with some other information to that effect, and 
made him as miserable as possible. But she had been reared 
up in a sterner school than the minds of most young girls are 
formed in; she had had her nature strengthened by the hands 
of hard endurance and necessity ; had come out from her young 
triab constant, self-denying, earnest, and devoted; had acquired 
in her maidenhood — whether happily in the end, for herself 
or him, is foreign to our present purpose to inquire — some- 
thing of that nobler quality of gentle hearts which is developed 
<tften by the sorrows and struggles of matronly years, but often 
by their lessons only. Unspoiled, unpampered in her joys or 
griefs, with frank, and full, and deep affection for the object 
of her early love, she saw in him one who for her sake was 
an outcast from his home and fortune, and she had no more 
idea of bestowing that love upon him in other than cheerful 
and snstaining words, full of high hope and grateful trustful- 
nesSy than she had of being unworthy of it, in her lightest 
thought or deed, for any base temptation that the world could 


^What change is there in you, Martin," she replied; "for 


urx AXD ADTKimnai or 
VoQ iMAm 

y»iiil thMi jroa ommL" 
Wbj M It) lliat, my Ion," hmI Mvtta, m ka 4»m 
ft within liii VB, tint lookiiv knumI to h« UmI ib«* 
i)lNrr?rn Di>ar, lUul bebobliBg Mr. Tbi^^ Man WMft 
• on thi> tng ; " jt wnold be ttniig* if I did not : (v ■( 
pmallj' n( lal" — \tm Wrn a banl oiMt. " 
, knnw it mtirt luv» tw^n," »)m aaawMmL "Wfen 
•gptUrn to Ikink iif il and you I " 

Vol <4lMl, 1 bo|M," aaitl MartU. "N<A rtfl«% I «■ 

' often, I luT* Miato riitlil Vi t\i<K%, Marj; toa I 

^gm» • gnat dad irf rpiatiuo and |)rtmuB. m4 I 

look (nr thai ratara. yw kivrw. " 

■i T««7, T«rr p>N« rrtum," «1m •nnrvlfd wttk a I 

imJK " fitil yma harn it, ami will bar* It alwaf& T«i 

palii ■ ilnu- priiv (cir a piur bMrt, Martin; bat il hrt 

your own, anrl a true one." 

"<>f r«tin» I (m>1 qiiit« certain of that." wd Martin 
shniil.l ti'l )iJ>v.- ).iil iiiv-clf in niT pn'<u-nt |-<-iti.>ii Xn-l 
uny .. |.-.r 1,.--.M. M,.rv. f-r 1 "wv n ri.-l. ..i..- N. -. 
aU.iil 1.. l.r.,tl; .. .l.-ind Im \>'M. ^l-nr.-l, wl.i.-l. -ill .;*rt. 
nt tin.1. I..11 wliirl. j. ii.ul.Tlrtk.-n f-r %-..iir -Akr I .k: s- 
h<- n'i.M -l-wlv, |...kii.K Tkr int.. Ih^ .Ir.). -..ri.Ur -I l^r ' 
.lurk .■V.-. ■■;il.r....|." 


..1. M..riin'- 


t.. AiuiTL-.L S.-.- ii.iw — li..w voti .t^-[. .hr-rtli 

■If 1 

.1... ..r. I I,..]- I Tii.iv MY. if I .|,.|." .Hr .:,.- 

Mi-iin; h. 

■r l.r,i.I Att.-r » «li..rl -ilrn,.., ai,.1 |,..k,„K .*« 

int.. I.H 1 

[..■.■. ■ii WW f..r iiri.f 1.. iLink ..( »h>i v« t| 1.. 

'iii.|.Ti;.i f..r m-. I u-oiil.l n.4 »^t,l«n- I.. !« 

\..i. M.ri 

III. t.iit it M n l.'Uk.'. ].>ii)i 'ti'tmirr, thi'iv ;• t 

..,..„ f. I 

.' .T.-'r.l. illii.M iin.l want i»rr »•! ralamitm k 

1.U-. l«ii 

in II fofik'n '"'itilrT ilTi'4'lfiil to i-n'tiirr tin 

t!,..'i^t,t .. 



M "f !>'" <Ti»l Mnrliti, nUliiu;. in hi* (.«■)» 

Mi.l h.' .r.„ vrrv r.n.l ,.f lirr — l.»r-ilr an ..^« .J Ki. 

■■ Wl„ii 


■ l.-I !i ■ 

r-ll I 

'llav^ I ll„..ii;l,t ..f il r m» 1.-V-. Uit v.«i .ti.mH Mk 
Iho unif Lr-Htli, )ul^. I tii.'tit:)<t ..f •UrvinK ■! Sxrv k 
lhi<u;:lif ,.( .l..,ntf j-Tt-r'. wnrk f.'r ■ lirin^- . I ilk 
of h.llitij; honu'- in ihr ■tns'U |.i rara Bit roU u< bn»i 


day to dayt Come, come," he added, in a gentler tone, "do 
not hang down your head, my dear, for I need the encourage- 
ment that your sweet face alone can give me. Why, that 's 
well ! Now you are brave again. " 

"I am endeavouring to be," she answered, smiling through 
her tears. 

"Endeavouring to be anything that's good, and being it, 

is, with you, all one. Don't I know that of old ? " cried Martin 

gaily. "So! That's famous! Now I can tell you all my 

plans as cheerfully as if you were my little wife already, Mary. " 

She hung more closely on his arm, and, looking upward in 

Kis face, bode him speak on. 

"You see," said Martin, playing with the little hand upon 
his wrist, " that my attempts to advance myself at home have 
heen baffled and rendered abortive. I will not say by whom, 
Mary, for that would give pain to us both. But so it is. 
Have you heard him speak of late of any relative of mine or 
hia, called Pecksniff? Only tell me what I ask you, no more." 
"I have heard, to my surprise, that he is a better man than 
^as supposed. " 
"I thought so," interrupted Martin. 

**And that it is likely we may come to know him, if not to 
^it and reside with him and — I think — his daughters. He 
^as daughters, has he, love ? " 

"A pair of them," Martin answered. "A precious pair! 
Gems of the first water ! " 
"Ah I You are jesting! " 

"There is a sort of jesting which is very much in earnest, 
'tod includes some pretty serious disgust," said Martin. "I 
Jest in reference to Mr. Pecksniff (at whose house I have been 
living as his assistant, and at whose hands I have received 
insult and injury) in that vein. Whatever betides, or how- 
ever closely you may be brought into communication with his 
family, never forget that, Mary; and never for an instant, 
whatever appearances may seem to contradict me, lose sight of 
this assurance — Pecksniff is a scoundrel. " 

"In thought, and in deed, and in everything else. A 
scoundrel from the topmost hair of his head to the nethermost 
itom of his heel. Of his daughters I will only say that, to the 
beet of my knowledge and belief, they are dutiful young ladies. 

r Mrs AXD ADVKliTUItlai Of ^Hi^ 

Ikt Ukrir fklhrr nloMJjr. Thk b • ill^i ■*■ fi«< 
«•!, Mtd 7<A it t«u)ft« n* O wtul I «rv inag !■ tq; 
Jufifwl bi Iwik inki h« b^m tgiim, u4 ««■« ■ 
■noo orvr liu ihouldar, UmI itiaii wm »• ■•• mh^ | 
k WM «U1I tnlmt npoo lU f««, Ml odjy li iitil « 1 
-s but kuwBil thiun iiUo tbn faupiia. 
*, I am ifiing to AmeriM, with gnU fmf&^» «rf 4l 
>») <4 nriuraiug buns w>acU tirj aDoa; tt ■■; li 
jon tWnn for * («w jtus but, ■( «U vvail^ to dral 
jj wif»i whkb, afUf Kwh trwU I aliMiU do wtt w I 
■ir (till UtLokitig it > duty to clmw to biai «W *M 
■M la tin (fcv thU b tnw}. if b> m Mp tl, to ^a 
Hair long I m»y be kbant im a< »un«, vamtUim: ' 
II niit tw wry I-tiR Tn!«« me f-r l)t>t. " 
^ ttemMntiBB, dauMMtia — " 
riMt 'a tho T«7 thing I am aanii« to. In tW mm I 
jou ahall hear, oonatantlj, of all mj ftoing»-«n. T1ii»l' 
He paunvil Ut lakr frum his pocket tfao iHXrt b« bai «1K 


r>.| til.- 

.-l ■. - 



"In tli3' 1.-n-*\ .'t<.|>|.»mr„l, nii.l In >»^- in th» 
h-u-.- (!.> (.ll..*-. I inrut, Mt, ('.■■■k.miT, ..( r.«,r-r.. i 
rcrlairi fpwm ..( tin- n;iiii.' ••1 I'lti.-), — ,l.>n't (■■rv't it 
■traiiK-p. I'inii.l.- i-Lliiv. Miirv . l.ut il.nh..ij:lih l-.i»-.t 
r.T.-; full <>r ;.•.>]. ..r..| will, n M.rliid f-K<>r<l '"f n»- 
ninu) la ri-liini i>ti'- <>f lh<'M' <L\i>, l>y M-ttitiK turn u]> v 

■■V..ur -M kiM.I n^.lur-. M,.rtiii!- 

"til,"' '^I'l Mirtiii, "llinlH Hot worth ajvakinw < 
|.,v. II.' •» «.rv Mv\ •t.*]r<tii> !■. *.'n.- m.-. *t>l I 
n...r- tli.T, r. i..i.i. N-« ..n.- nifjhl I i.-l-l thu fitti. r., i 
t..r\. .11.1 M .,l--il iiit^'lf lui.l V..II. Ill ohirh h<- >k. f' 
litll,' iu:-t.-.t.-i, I r,in' t-11 \..u. (..r In- k«..»» you" A.,i 
m»v |...k -iir|.ri--.U-«>i.I il»- l.-d^-r ili.' U-it»T. f.* it ■■-. « 
V...1 — ^.^l \-..i lini.. li.Mni l.nii |.Uv tli.' .'rK»ii in tl.^ ■ .' -"« 
ili.M Mllit:>- f •{'■>■■ »■•*: tti'l I..' Ii» o-n >..o iLtcnir.^ W 
iiiii-i' iii'I Ilk .-•'i^lit hio i»K)>ir:iii<>ii from \.4i. t--.' 

■W .. !.. til. ,r..-l M..M '-l ih«tik hiB f! 

. !,.■ *^.- 

vi.l Matiin. "lUi'l I*, an.1 p-U ti.4!.^W 
U...W »«. -u.h . .mi|.|r Ml.,-- tj«,w 
I tv"! •i-rt I'f (Tr«luTr, I wran you." 



'^I am sure of that," she said, with great earnestness. "He 
TOt be!" 

"Oh, yes, no doubt at all about it," rejoined Martin, in his 
■ual careless way. " He is. Well ! It has occurred to me 
- but stay, if I read you what I have written and intend send- 
Lg to him by post to-night, it will explain itself. * My dear 
om Pinch.' That's rather familiar, perhaps," said Martin, 
iddenly remembering that he was proud when they had last 
Let, " but I call him my dear Tom Pinch, because he likes it, 
id it pleases him." 

"Very right, and very kind," said Mary. 

"Exactly so!" cried Martin. "It's as well to be kind 
henever one can; and, as I said before, he really is an excel- 
tnt fellow. * My dear Tom Pinch, — I address this under 
)ver to Mrs. Lupin, at the Blue Dragon, and have begged her 
1 a short note to deliver it to you without saying anything 
bout it elsewhere ; and to do the same with all future letters 
bo may receive from me. My reason for so doing will be at 
nee apparent to you * — I don't know that it will be, by the 
ye/' said Martin, breaking off, "for he 's slow of comprehen- 
ion, poor fellow; but he'll find it out in time. My reason 
imply is that I don't want my letters to be read by other 
>eople ; and particularly by the scoundrel whom he thinks an 

'* Mr. !||^ksniff again ? " asked Mary. 

"The same," said Martin; — "* will be at once apparent to 
ou. I have completed my arrangements for going to America ; 
nd you will be surprised to hear that I am to be accompanied 
r Mark Tapley, upon whom I have stumbled strangely in 
ondon, and who insists on putting himself under my protec- 
on ' — meaning, my love, " said Martin, breaking off again. 
Our friend in the rear, of course." 

She was delighted to hear this, and bestowed a kind glance 
pon Mark, which he brought his eyes down from the fog to 
icounter, and received with immense satisfaction. She said 
^ his hearing, too, that he was a good soul and a merry crea- 
ire, and would be faithful, she was certain; commendations 
hich Mr. Tapley inwardly resolved to deserve, from such lips, 

he died for it. 

" * Now, my dear Pinch, ' " resumed Martin, proceeding with 
ii letter; " * I am going to repose great tnist in you, knowing 

un utD AitVBimtkB or ^M 

•y d(i •» with pnTfnrt irlUnw tm jw mS 

<iam:j, Bllil liavlDtt m>1ulv L-Imi jusi unv tu troM iKi" 

*1 ttoti'l Ihink I vinitJ «j llut, Martin." 
'W.niUii-1 >uut \Ydi: rU Uk> tbit g& B'* 
iy trua, thoi^^" 
lint it luitflit MM 
"Uh, I don't mind Inach," 
iomInb t<i sUnd un an/ u-ivintAy with kta 
t h out, u jrtKi wMh it, uul make ihr fall Mop al '■■ 
7 ««UI *1 ■bftll Dot onljr ' — tlu> i« iIm Irtlwip* 

"I undrntawL" 

" ' I thall mA imlj iorluM D17 i>U«« ta Ite ja^g k 
wbDn I bavv liitil you. tn ynnr rJur|Ps to 1» ConwAil 1 
nay leqiMrt; bul I ioibI rankuUy nMnmil bar, tha yw^ 
baoalf, til your oun and rptP^)i t" tho «>TMit irf yova 
in Biy at*»nof. 1 havr n-w>ii tu think that lb* priu 
uf vmir rtii*iniiit«nii)( irlliei — |«tb4|B v^^t fii ji— 
iir. i.nw!,..r ninnu- ii.>r f.-w; ui.l ultli.-..;:!, it. i-it >■ 

v.,u .1.. <.Tv iiiii- I.. i..,v.., ih- uh...-.i.." .; ^-- : 

t.. ^..M iii.|.li.,llv t" .1.. tiMl 41.1 -. -l.-r.. i • 
,l--l,.,. f K.n- r,.|-.-...| <t> V..U ' V..u --. .:i* .!■ .r M ..- 
M-irlili, "il uiU !•■ :, ^r.Ml ....,-. .U...M I- x-: 1.. l.>v. v. 

II. 1 t).. 

. t.,11, 1.. )' 



V.--. 11 . '--r> 

r llii-ti', Mi>l It <i'rt«ial< 


letter; which ends thus: 'Knowing that I need not im- 
» the nature and extent of that confidence upon you at any 
iter length, |8 it is already sufficiently established in your 
id, I will only say in bidding you farewell, and looking 
rard to our next meeting, that I shall charge myself from 
; time, through all changes for the better, with your ad- 
cement and happiness, as if they were my own. You may 
' upon that. And always believe me, my dear Tom Pinch, 
hfully your friend, Martin Chuzzlewit. P. S. I inclose 

amount which you so kindly ' — oh, " said Martin, check- 

himself, and folding up the letter, " that 's nothing ! " 
V.t this crisis Mark Tapley interposed, with an apology for 
larking that the clock at the Horse Guards was striking. 
'\Vhich I shotddn't have said nothing about, sir," added 
rk, "if the young lady hadn't begged me to be particular 
nentioning it." 

*I did," said Iklary. "Thank you. You are quite right, 
another minute I shall be ready to return. We have time 

a very few words more, dear Martin, and, although I had 
ch to say, it must remain unsaid until the happy time of 

next meeting. Heaven send it may come speedily and 
eperously ! But I have no fear of that. " 
* Fear ! " cried Martin. " Why, who has 1 What are a few 
nths ] What is a whole year ? ■ When I come gaily back, 
-h a road through life hewn out before me, then, indeed, 
king back upon this parting, it may seem a dismal one. 
t now! I swear I wouldn't have it happen under more 
ourable auspices, if I could; for then I sliould be less 
:line<l to go, and less impressed with the necessity." 
** Ye^s yes. I feel that, too. When do you go 1 " 
"To-night. We leave for Liverpool to-night. A vessel 
Is fn>m that port, as I hear, in tliree days. In a month, or 
a, we shall Ixj there. Why, what's a month! How many 
►nths have flown by since our last parting ! " 
"Long to look back upon," said Mary, echoing his cheerful 
le, "but nothing in their course! " 

"Nothing at all ! " cried Martin. " I shall have change of 
ne and cliange of place ; change of j)e()plc, change of man- 
«, change of cares and hopes! Time will wear wings, 
leedl I can bear anything, so that I have swift action, 

ura AND ADTurrrus or ^H 

be Ibinkbg ¥My at hn «n fiir faia, «!«« 
B beeil nf bar •1mm in llut wpanUoa; «l tVi 
ADUa vndonuier, adJ hor kIuw uixuri; feti* Aif to 

, wilb thia on* nol<- "wlf " for erw laJiM^ ta 

r Onint Nnt in hrr pon. Il hwl )mim Mm i 

]<rrha|M, but w it wu. 8tir Itranl Uw *■■■ Mt' 

I tuul Sang mny m dciMi «lt gi^lti and |MaM fvha 

uin(C liftlit (4 iMiril uti) {iriratina that aha B%fal k» ^ 

n - ; and ifaa hMrd ntt num. That ImbI «fca» a 

L — H DO pbm and mmmI wi IfaruM b akw Im im^ 

' p wB u a whan it kwfca vpoo fl, Aa om fmmim^ 

1 aphtt WW Iwld b nM ttm to Ui aloM oowdaai 

iKMi In Um branrta of oUwr Kaa, aa kjaini 

know mwh <rth» in Ihrir liiolinj^-plaoM arary <Uf. w^m 

i* InLtnltili'tu ukI lilimL 

"The (]iurt«T*i gone!" cried Hr. Tipkjr, in a *i 

"I -li.ill In- fn'W t'l ftimi iminnliali'lT." »W mkI 




, f<-\ 

, I ■■ 

1 l..<,n.| t 1., „ 


»h<tt > 


11.-,. I., ..II- lli-tiir, («il V...1 -l...ii|.i nn.l nitul t; 
..IlxTwi-' I .--uli n.>t U- itt .■.»' — ll.jl. .iiirr ll„l M-,«n 
wlii.'l, I «■,.- il„- niiliapi.v .w.,.;,.in,.. h,- |,a, „..,.r . n^ ■ 
yiir ii.iiii. , li.i^ ri.'vrr rni.],!.-.! it. ..r miy tmni «1I-.h.^-o 
will, (.i*.,..|, ..r r.>i.r.M.!i; nii.l liiu. ii.'wr aWlnj in hu ki 
t.. 111. ■" 

Ihmk him f..' 

r Hint liu>t iirl," Mti.l Martin. ~t 

; ■\-- TIi..i.| 

.•Il ■■!> .■..ti-i.|..r«li.m 1 nut ll«nk \ 

,. r (.■rl.-.iriii.-. 

' .il^i, iiiLaniiii II w 1 Tii'itl.i-r rin 

Tl,,r 1,- will 1 

.i.-ni...n n.v i.:».,.- ^e„n. M- mi 

■ I.> c.'if.U- i 

I Willi n-i.r.xwii - in hi- will I, 

.)■-...■: Ity II 

," lirn.- It r.-*li.- n..-, 1,.- -.11 W 

.. <..Iir.' .>ii Ki- 

. ..wn :.nt:.r. Ci.-I brl,. Iiim' " 

.rliii- U y- 

1 w.iTil.l lull •■■nn'tinH-s in m^m* 

wTtink*i"l *-"i. 
"If 1 U-li- 

...1 «-"iM f..i-..n 
-I llial !■■ I.- Ir 

r l.nrV I l» 


•oIyb at no such time to bear him in my mind, wishing to 
Hure myself the shame of such a weakness. I was not bom 
» be the toy and puppet of any man, far less his; to whose 
Leasure and caprice, in return for any good he did me, my 
^hole youth was sacrificed. It became between us two a fair 
^change — a barter — and no more ; and there is no such bal- 
•noe against me that I need throw in a mawkish forgiveness to 
feobe the scale. He has forbidden all mention of me to you, 
1 know, " he added hastily. " Gome ! Has he not ? " 

''That was long ago,'' she returned; "immediately after 
roar parting; before you had left the house. He has never 
kme so since. " 

"He has never done so since, because he has seen no occa- 
ion,'' said Martin; "but that is of little consequence, one way 
r other. Let all allusion to him between you and me be 
iterdicted from this time forth. And therefore, love," — he 
lew her quickly to him, for the time of parting had now come, 
-"in the first letter that you write to me through the Post 
ffiee, addressed to New York, and in all the others that you 
!nd through Pinch, remember he has no existence, but has 
>oome to us as one who is dead. Now, God bless you I This 

a strange place for such a meeting and such a parting; but 
ir next meeting shall be in a better, and our next and last 
uting in a worse." 

"One other question, Martin, I must ask. Have you pro- 
dded money for this journey ? " 

" Have I ? " cried Martin ; it might have been in his pride ; 

might have been in his desire to set her mind at ease: 
Have I provided money ? Why, there 's a question for an 
aigrant's wife ! How could I move on land or sea without 
, love T •' 

I mean, enough." 

Enough! More than enough. Twenty times more than 
longh. A pocketfuL Mark and I, for all essential ends, 
t quite as rich as if we had the purse of Fortunatus in our 

"The half- hour 's a going! " cried Mr. Tapley. 

*' Good- bye a hundred times!" cried Mary, in a trembling 


But how cold the comfort in Grood-bye ! Mark Tapley knew 
perfectly. Perhaps he knew it from his reading, perhaps 

TOL. I. 

urn AND ADVKtTl'tl 


«]r; bol bonm bs ktww It, ku luwwMga btfiiri 

?Bitail tn bin the wisevt eoum »( i -'- i i Itn f ttirt ^ 

d bm adoptail nndn Um dretuMtMMM. B* «• 

w • Tlnkat fit nf aMidng, and wm obUgMl fei Im tt 

itbar way. In doiiig wbkb, h» in • bbhw Ii^ 

ntan WM ■ abort )hku«, bat Mark bad aa nadrfaad 
tlon that it waa a aatiafactory one in iu vaj. T1i« 
with her nil lowarad, paaatd him with a qaick ttm^ mi 
Mwd him to fallow. Sba (topped once mon bifoM A 
that eoner, looked back, and wmred her hand to Mvtii 
made a atart tovarda them at the raoaifiil aa if ha hai 
oUwr fiuewell worda to aay ; bnt ah* ooljr borriad < 
faai«r, and Hr. I^ple; followed aa in dulj boond. 

When he rejoined Martin ^ain in hia own cha^ 
fniinil that f^nllpinan nmtn) nxt-alilv U'fi-rT> tlir <)«It 
with his two r.-<'t on Ihi- tvn-Ur, l>i* Iw.. r]f..w. . r. bw 
nii.l lii- rliiii .npi-.rt.-l m n ri..l v.ry . n: >i;,. :,:.; -jr. 

tlu- |U,i..M..f 111. 

■■W.ll. Mi.rl. 
"WVII, Mr.- 



yo,„.>: -,.f.- 
Sli.. s.tit 11 !■.! 

1 f.. 

I-. -1 

1 w,...- (..r h.T .-..k.- 


le is worthy of the sacrifices I have made," said Martin, 
■^ liis arms, and looking at the ashes in the stove, as if 
;umption of some former thoughts. "Well worthy of 
No riches " — here he stroked his chin, and mused — 
1 have com{)cnsated for the loss of such a nature. Not 
it ion that, in gaining her affection, I have followed the 
•f my own wishes, and baulked the selfish schemes of 
who had no right to form them. She is quite worthy 
re than worthy — of the sacrifices I have made. Yes, 

No doubt of it." 
>sp niminations might or might not have reached Mark 
r : for though they were by no means addressed to him, 
it-y wore softly uttered. In any case, he stood there, 
in^' Martin with an indescribable and most involved ex- 
•n on liis visage^ until that young man roused himself 
M»kcMl towards him; when he turned away, as being sud- 
intent on certain preparations for the journey, and, with- 
ving vent to any articulate sound, smiled with surprising 
in«.s.3, and seemed, by a twist of his features and a motion 
lips, to release himself of this word: — 
)lly I " 

Lin AID AUTunvvn w ^^| 


irmeix trnuior u iau- runmjiF 

A bAU tut] di«iu7 niftbl; pMipU ■ 
eifdiae Itto tboot Ihe fim ; ATuit, eoUw ttM» ClMi^, A 
ing It Uw ftnwt mnM-n ; r harth bnnoB "—"^n «M tt> 
vilntiaB of tlirir own biiyp/^ bol n»vfy M*^ ^* 
glwwUr pnadtinent "Onr!" Tbc «rtl) «m wW «M « 
|»U w f or tlw borkl >4 ycrtMiky; Um iliiinirf*i> 
iu ftiaat phuiM of funanl fMlbOTs wvtiac ^"^ ** v' 
all htulivil, all niiUFii-M, an*l in iW|i Trjnm, m** Ab 
clitndit that Hkim mtmb tb* mnnn, and the C Mtfcw «fi 
«i-«'iiiii(; nftir thptn njion thi- p^inH, it •tnj* I*' ItrtM 
^'.H'l rii-llm^' I'll, itixl Ht->|>« apiin, lUiil (<>lli>wii, tikr ■ ati 
til.- ir-iil. 

Wl.itli.r pi 111.- rl.iu'U Mill wiii-l. «• r.i:.rlTl II 
k'uillv H|iirils, Ih.'V ri^jmir t'. » ilr.-.v!»r-=o» 
|..".T- Ilk-'lv..^ in what wiM rfj;i-n .t- tt«- fW 
l,-.i-l .■.iiit.iil. -r ulii-r- iinl.-nil ii> I-rtiM.- .Ii.p'n ' 

llrr.'! Fr-' fr-iii tlmt .-rim[-il |<n-'-n rill^l ih^ 'wti 

■ ■i:t ui"iii till- w.i-I.' lit w.iU-r~. H''r>\ T<iir\iig, r*.-.:^ • 
III.'. lM«lin-, .ill ni^ilil li.ti^:, llitli.-r "nu- thr •■uttl.:» 

(fitli Ihr 1.1. tlir r,«v-t nf lllJtl .mdl ,J*n.|. J-rf 

lli-i-.m.i iiiil--- :iw.iv. ».i .|.u-tlv ui til.' n.i.Ut -.1 ir^-" ' 
IT, I Idlli-r. ti. rii...I tl,..(ii, ni-h th.- U*.t. (nmi imk,D.'-w» 
li.-- "f \U.- "..rll, H.T-. Ill Ih- (..rr ..f tU-.r usH 
li'.ytv. tli.v -\.-Tm ,111.1 l.iiir.l Killi ■•.vii«-r. unlj tt 
1 i-Ii..| int.. ;..i--i 11 Ilk.. tli. ir -■■ii, l'-a[i* iiji, in rniii)C» a' 
;Il>ii Ili.-ir-. -m.i 111- «h..l.- ::<,.■ 1. mvl(..«. 

I'll. 11. ■u, ..^•■^ til.- r..'Uill<--.j mil" "f anpTT ■parr r 
: ^.' h. iiu.^ I'ill.>».. M.,i|iii.„t,. kn-l r.,ir. .n- hrn-. l 
.:■ i.-t i : « I- (I..W tl II.- 1- (I..W tl,.r ,4hrr it 

■ 1'^; . i.Jiii- )i...|. ..f ri-liin^ w..l.-r. I'unuii. u>t 

■ : ! : ..1 r-lirii .-f »,l^.■ -ii » ,n .-, nii-l Mv».-r .IniiyU. , 
r l4M:k lut.-tit 

; U|i .if f...ii, tli4l 


:e of plaooi and form, and hue; constancy in nothing 
I strife; on, on, on, they roll, and darker grows the 
I louder howl the winds, and more clamorous and 
>me the million voices in the sea, when the wild cry 

upon the storm "A ship! " 

she comes, in gallant combat with the elements, her 

trembling, and her timbers starting on the strain; 
e comes, now high upon the curling billows, now low 
.he hollows of the sea, as hiding for the moment from 
md every storm- voice in the air and water cries more 
, "A ship!" 

le comes striving on; and at her boldness and the 
cry the angry waves rise up above each other's hoary 
look ; and round about the vessel, far as the mariners 
:ks can pierce into the gloom, they press upon her, 
ch other down, and starting up, and rushing forward 
, in dreadful curiosity. High over her they l^eak, 
1 her surge and roar, and, giving place to others, 
' depart^ and dash themselves to fragments in their 
ger; still she comes onward bravely. And though 

multitude crowd thick and fast upon her all the 
I dawn of day discovers the untiring train yet bearing 
»n the ship in an eternity of troubled water, onward 
, with dim lights burning in her hull, and people there, 

if no deadly element were peering in at every seam 
:, and no drowned seaman's grave, with but a plank 
t, were yawning in the unfatliomable depths below. 

these sleeping voyagers were Martin and Mark Tap- 
rocked into a heavy drowsiness by the unaccustomed 
ere as insensible to the foul air in which they lay as 
*oar without. It was broad day when the latter awoke 
n idea that he was dreaming of having gone to sleep 
ptost bedstead which had turned bottom upwards in 
8 of the night. There was more reason in this, too, 
he roasting of eggs; for the first objects Mr. Tapley 
I when he opened his eyes were his own heels — look- 

at him, as he afterwards observed, from a nearly 
ular elevation. 

! " said Mark, getting himself into a sitting posture, 
ma ineffectual stniggh's with the rolling of the ship. 
the first time as ever I stood on my head all night." 

Til** nun ^'ave ■ print uf dUeoDtciitcd 
(iv«-r in hii* )»-rth, aii<I iln-v hu liUnkrt orrr kis 
'■— F-r," -i:l Mr. Ti;l'%, j-ir-iwii: iKt- thr-:.* * 

-■•1:!»'| i'l, 111 1 I'lW l--hi' "f V'i'i-. "tli« ^ i :• .... 
tliiii;: III .my ;: -mjij. It i*- %»r k:i"W« what :■ • i « 
It li.i-n't ;:'•! If! ••:n}il<iyiu>-iit f"T it** ruiirl. .ni i ;• *. 
•it »i«' nf vi'.in«y. l.ik»- llhiii l'"lir U-ar- :ii lh» s 
h)i iw- :i- 1- oin-iiiitly A n'<*M:nj^ ihnr ht-aiU fn n; •. i 
il !»•;•: '••II. )•' ■|iiift. Whirh i» I'lilin-Iy «iv;i1m- I.- .1 
nj -11 -!■'.;■:■!;?■,." 

"1^ tlti'. >'i, M.irk r* &.«ki-«| n faint lui'V fr<8 

*• Il '- il- iiri«-li ••[ nil- .f iH Ifft, •ir, ofttT a f-trtni^h 
wiirk," Mr. Tijiliy n)»li»''l. "Wljit with Ii*.iiliri«: iSw 
ll\. »'\i-r fin*' I "vf U-«'ii! — f-«r 1 '%•• l»*^n j» 
li'il'inu ••Il !■' -'iii'tliiii^ <>r •it)i«T, iM il n|Mi'l*».tI<iwn p 
wliit \%it)i, -ir, :iii<l ]>Mttiii^' :i \i-ry littU* i:.t.> ;..i 
t.ikih;; .1 ^-"l •!' il •»'il *'i X'-ir-lf. tlif-ri* ain't t--- r.-^. i 
iwi-.i! I.\ ll"« 'l«i */"" tin'l \iiMr»<«lf tlii« mi-n*i!.^*, •. 

*'\"ii\ !i.i-. r ii-i«," H.ii.| Mirtiii, with a |«^i;.»i 
" I K'li ' I ■'•! >^ w ri'!«'!ji''!, Mi'lt-ftl!" 

"< 'ti .iir i'!' ." tii<i;!< ri-l M.irk, ]in-*«f<iit;; "Xv Ifc^nl 
.!• hiii^' It'll kill I --•kMi^' i>>mii<1 him M:lh a t .ri 
"Thit^ th- ^;. i! ..•*i.f.rt It m rnilit.i) I« t k'«: 


dien, in various stages of sickness and misery, is not the live- 
liest place of assembly at any time; but when it is so crowded 
^as the steerage cabin of the Screw was, every passage out), 
that mattresses and beds are heaped upon the floor, to the 
extinction of everything like comfort, cleanliness, and decency, 
it is liable to operate not only as a pretty strong barrier against 
amiability of temper, but as a positive encourager of selfish and 
rough humours. Mark felt this, as he sat looking about him, 
and his spirits rose proportionately. 

There were English people, Irish people, Welsh people, and 
Scotch people there; all with their little store of coarse food 
and shabby clothes; and nearly all with their families of chil- 
dren. There were children of all ages; from the baby at the 
breast to the slattern-girl who was as much a grown woman as 
her mother. Every kind of domestic suffering that is bred in 
poverty, illness, banishment, sorrow, and long travel in bad 
weather, was crammed into the little space; and yet was there 
infinitely less of complaint and querulousness, and infinitely 
more of mutual assistance and general kindness to be found in 
that unwholesome ark, than in many brilliant ball-rooms. 

Mark looked about him wistfully, and his face brightened 
as he looked. Here an old grandmother was crooning over 
a sick child, and rocking it to and fro in arms hardly more 
wasted than its own young limbs; here a poor woman with an 
infant in her lap mended another little creature's clothes, and 
quieted another who was creeping up about her from their 
scanty bed upon the floor. Here were old men awkwardly 
engaged in little household ofiices, wherein they would have 
been ridiculous but for their good- will and kind purpose ; and 
here were swarthy fellows — giants in their way — doing such 
little acts of tenderness for those about tliem as might have 
belonged to gentlest-hearted dwarfs. Tlie very idiot in the 
comer who sat mowing there, all day, liad his faculty of imi- 
tation roused by what he saw about him; and snapped his 
fingers to amuse a ci;}'ing child. 

"Now, tlien," said Mark, nodding to a woman who was 
dressing her three children at no groat distance from him, — 
md the grin upon his face had by this time 8[)read from ear to 
ear, — " hand over one of tliem young uns according to cus- 

"I wish you'd get breakfast, Mark, instead of worrying 

U who <l<n't t^kng to jm,* uhmnmi'iBBf 

-ul right," Mid Muk. >'.s:k«'U 4u iUl h* fti 
lo& ol Ulrnu, MI. I wwb her Inp, attd ika aika 
1 MMr M«U mk* ta% bal any <NM «■ wt^ • b^ 
> wMMi^wbovw ddiimb aod 01, Mt m4 m*^ 
rtlillliw^ W wM ah* Bi^itt ht iIm had haaa m* 
r night «tth hw gnwl oft, whiW U h«l ted «« hto 4 
Qm hH« bnudt wmI » ray, Uvk Mmin. wk»arfA« 
loofcKlftbDBlUin, WM qoito lufi^il tgUi. fafly g I 
Jh, and ■ nj i w iiii ya dJ— UAel in n by an toifiitmi p 
So to H Mtably," Mid lUik. ImAtas Ifa duU'a M 
H if ba hnl iMi Wn Md lM«d a WlatE. 
hatsnyM talking about, now I " aAad Matin. 
"What yiin aid," r«|>linl M«rk; "(« what }«■ mmi^« 
Ton !»'« Uut tlMrv iIUribI iMit tA yau iMiia^ 1 ^^ 
along with n, air. It i» mj hard npon iMV." 
"What ul" 

"Makiiii; tliP vnynt'c liy hi-rwlf nlnnit with Ibnv T-Aiac 
j«-.liuii-iit- li'T.-, mill p.iiiK nii-li n wnv nl .nrh a tin-r V t.. j..ii, 1.. r l,u.|.,i..l. If \.-i .'l..i.-l w.i.t I. '- Ir 

Tai.l.y t.. tti- M-.-..ti,i ,ir.t,in. wl«.'w'«,' l.r ll.i- liii.' h--.1« 
haixlit nt ttii' Will. " vn .1 latl.r clitit it " 

■•\\h,-iv .l.-- -Ir-'j.'"' ''■' lm"l-w»ir- ^kf\ M.«ui .1 

■■Wliv, I'm v^rv Knirl, afrai,!," hM Mr. T.i4.-i. in * 
vnir... ■■" -I,.- .i..i/t kT..>w, 1 li"|-' .l.p m«» n-t iti» 1 

Ilnl f) Ill li.r i.k.t l-tt.r ).v )iim<), Bn.l it •!.>■. I «-a t. I 

(.-■11 v..rv H.-,,rIv un.ivr-t...| l«-lw.-.-ii ■-■n. •ill.-.:! iv «• 
■■],.■ .l..|i't ■.-. 1,11,1 n wrivntc 111- I->rk''l')xi"<k-f'-).>r( .« 

. hk- 

..( 3 


l.n->k l.t tu'iirt." 

"\V1,\. h..*. il> F.llv'- I1IIIIK-. a.-^ tl.r *..m.!. o-0»- ». 

..,1 U«iri .|u|. ..r, .i.l, .. «i|,l „■--». v.-ntun;'" .ri"! M»r.i«. 
>1r, T:.;.|.-v i:!u,...| a him f..r ■ ni..iii.-nt i- hf U. i«--i 

111 hi- l--r1l>. nll.l tl..'l. Mil. I. vi-n .(MKllv: — 

"Ai.: n..-, .i..i..-.i: i ..n. i h^ . >-»t . 

f^.m l..r f.T iw. \.Ai. *h.. . l«r. ^.n j.-r u.1 1 r,; 
).rt ..»i. ...uiilM . .ui.l l,.t. ..1»..^. ).-.i. « l..k..»t: lr>>- 
turvllli)- hitll. It '. \,r\ oltali^-' .l.r •h-MiI-l U h.'tr. ^ 


I A litUe mady perhaps I There can't he no other 
rmy of aooounting for it" 

Martin was too far gone in the lassitude of sea-sickness to 
■■ke any reply to these words, or even to attend to them as 
ftiey were spoken. And the subject of their discourse retum- 
■ig at this crisis with some hot tea, effectually put a stop to 
Kay resumption of the theme by Mr. Tapley ; who, when the 
mmal was over and he had adjusted Martin's bed, went up on 
ft«ck to wash the breakfast service, which consisted of two half- 
feiiiit tin mugs, and a shaving-pot of the same metal. 

It is due to Mark Tapley to state that he suffered at least 
fea much from sea-sickness as any man, woman, or cliild on 
board; and that he had a peculiar faculty of knocking himself 
^boat on the smallest provocation, and losing his legs at every 
borch of the ship. But resolved, in his usual phrase, to " come 
Oat strong" under disadvantageous circumstances, he was the 
life and soul of the steerage, and made no more of stopping in 
khe middle of a facetious conversation to go away and be exces- 
^Tely ill by himself, and afterwards come back in the very 
Inst and gayest of tempers to resume it, than if such a course 
of proceeding hfd been the commonest in the world. 

It cannot be said that as his illness wore off, his cheerfulness 
and good-nature increased, because they would hardly admit of 
augmentation; but his usefulness among the weaker members 
of the party was much enlarged; and at all times and seasons 
there he was exerting it. If a gleam of sun shone out of the 
dark sky, down Mark tumbled into the cabin, and presently up 
he came again with a woman in his arms, or half a dozen chil- 
dren, or a man, or a bed, or a saucepan, or a basket, or some- 
thing animate or inanimate, that he thought would be the 
better for the air. If an hour or two of fine weather in the 
middle of the day tempted those who seldom or never came 
on deck at other times, to crawl into the long-boat, or lie down 
apon the spare spars, and try to eat, there in the centre of the 
e[roup was Mr. Tapley, handing about salt beef and biscuit, 
vt dispensing tastes of grog, or cutting up the children's pro- 
riaioDS with his pocket-knife for their greater ease and com- 
fort, or reading aloud from a venerable newspaper, or singing 
nme roaring old song to a select party, or writing the l^egin- 
lingi of letters to their friends at home for people who 
xmld n't write, or cracking jokes with the crew, or nearly get- 

J^ un um AmrinVBai or ^| 
n or« U>. .id^ or muli^, UUnBtk 

b <M Ilia lUoaib i< >ii ud nW biW te a^ 

ucUolV —On aiidl WM lb. T>|ilar, ariUi ta • 

I lu lUikdMn Uiifd ar to kkaUao^dc^d 

■IJli.T.Joi».mJi»wrw«Jd>w. 1 Id 

lip, ll»8a«>; mJ Ik iHiliiiil il 1^ to »3 « 

of univen«l ulmintiaD, Uwt hv iMf^a to bar* (pmr* i 
within hinuM>lf wbetlter k man miKht tvMunaUT cW> 

er.-hl (..r U-j„j; j..llv im.i-T «iuh .■xviliiiK r,n--m..U:K- ^ 

"If lU.-. «.L, K""iH '■• l'«t,-Kji.l Mr. T4|.i.». ■ i:^Pr 
Ti» ^r-'tl <liir<'r<'iu->>, iu> I iMii |>>-rT.'tv<-. U't«.--ii I}.' >.i> 
tlic ]>ri^' 'II. I ii'-VT -im to ^<-t Biiv rrr^lil, I t't.iiA 1 

"\\--\l. Murk." Mil M.rtin. ni-«r «rl..«. \wtiii b^ h*i 

IlHt.-i] t,. lllH .■rl.-cl. "Whrt. will li.l. Ir nXr-rr" 

".\ii..ll,.T w.--k. th..v ....v. -ir." r..tun."i M^k. " •■-D 
lik-h l.iii.i; .1. int.. l-.rl. Tli- .lii|. '. > tf»t^ *i--ai *i 
.'111, r.. -.'ii-iM.' ,t» II .1,[|. .'nil, .Ir; llxxuli i '1 .« t o^^ 
:i. - ,.nv v.TV iiiu-li |.r.i-." 

■• I .i'.i, I Ilnnk It ■-. iii.l".-i." CT-W)"1 Mirtin 
"^■'-1 .1 f.-.l Ji)l til- l.'ll.T f"r It, Mr. it <■'« w» V 
..lit." "U-ri,-,| .\1.ifk, 

AtL'l )•' '--'11 )'V t))i> U.||<« ntvi p-iillrmrti --a tlw 
.l-'k." r>'t<iii..'.| M.irtiii. witli a -.^.mfiil rmg.l^,. k^i 
» -t'l-. "iiiiii,.!iiii; witli til.. )>vw-arli rr.w.l |li,i »r» . 
..« ,^ 11. Ih.- ^ il.' I,"l. . I -li-ul'l I.' ,> tl«- U II. r ( « 

"1 in lL.rik('il 111 It I n>i>'l uv fr-.m mv ..«n 'C 
»h..i tl... f.,-liN^'. ..f ., i:.i,il. nui U-." ^A MuL ' 

■ ttiiulJ b«lt< lliuu^bt, Bir, Ka ■ (^fuUrOMD Vt.uitl Irrl J 


*e unoomfoitable down here than up in the fresh air, espe- 
ly when the ladies and gentlemen in the after-cabin know 
as much about him as he does about them, and are likely 
;rouble their heads about him in the same proportion. I 
lid have thought that, certainly.'' 

I tell you, then," rejoined Martin, "you would have 
ight wrong, and do think wrong." 
Very likely, sir," said Mark, with imperturbable good-tem- 

"I often do." 
As to lying here," cried Martin, raising himself on his 
w, and looking angrily at his follower, "do you suppose 
a pleasure to lie here t " 

All the madhouses in the world," said Mr. Tapley, " could n't 
luce such a maniac as the man must be who could think 


Then why are you for ever goading and urging me to get 
" asked ^Iartin. "I lie here because I don't wish to be 
gnised, in the better days to which I aspire, by any purse- 
id citizen, as the man who came over with him among the 
rage passengers. I lie here because I wish to conceal my 
imstances and myself, and not to arrive in a new world 
;ed and ticketed as an utterly poverty-stricken man. If I 
d have afforded a passage in the after-cabin, I should have 
I up my head with the rest. As I couldn't, I hide it. Do 
understand that ? " 

I am very sorry, sir," said Mark. "I didn't know you 
: it 80 much to heart as this comes to." 
Of course you didn't know," returned his master. "How 
lid you know, unless I told you? It's no trial to yow, 
k, to make yourself comfortable and to bustle about. It 's 
Atural for you to do so under the circumstances as it is for 
not to do 80. Why, you don't suppose there is a living 
ture in this ship who can by possibility have half so much 
jidergo on board of her as / have ? Do you t " he asked, 
ng upright in his berth and looking at Mark, with an ex- 
tsion of great earnestness not unmixed with wonder. 
fark twisted his face into a tight knot, and with his head 
f much on one side pondered upon this question as if he felt 
a extremely difficult one to answer. He was relieved from 
embarrassment by Martin himself, wlio said, as he stretched 
«elf upon his back again and resumed the book he had been 
ling: — 


un urn ujrunnii or 

rbik ii lh« SM << mjr pulttag mA » OM* to ja«« 
,^■7 III III wl wfatt I Un bNR av^ b thgi ra « 
MHiUllty OBdMriud iti Uaka m i UHk tn^h 
r — CDUanil nrj «Mk— wtd ((»■•• UmN, ai 
frimd. wfau k ■ iiMi«r BdcUnn «< aw 1^ 1 < 
^ to tiT iad ke^ hn eUldnn k Uttb qiliiit li ilgif 

I; X^ilv M» UnMlf to ofaagr Umm orkm vllh ^M 

aai pMuIipg Oma tomntwa, It maj im fiwmm^ hi 

tfitita ivriTMl; inwmefa at ba mnul tiHa aha 

«« kit Inalli, Ifaal in rMpad al to prnm «l bi«Ha 

4H 1<> Joillty, tfaa BcMw UM|iHatiaMU7 had mmm *> 

nUfiM ovar tha Dnfpn. Ha alao waitil Ifca* <li 

1 (TaUBoBlioii lo him to ndBrt Uu* ba woaU ooy te 

■Malianoa aabore iritli Uim, ami luva it taa^tamOf htUt 

w bw »M ba miBl; Iml wImI ba nMBt bgr lb«a w^d 

tfaoughia hfl (lid not expUili. 

Ami now ■ gan<>ml oidtement began to pcwmil ^ b 
anil v.iri'>M-> )>n'<Iii'Iii>rM n-liitivu !•• tlif |>nTi«- .U\. wi 1 rri 
)>n-.'i^' lh>ar. al »l>irl> tli.-v w.'iiM r.-iu-li N-> \'..rk >•:' I 
)^u.'li.-.l. Tli.'^- Wiu. iiihinl.-l> nion- rr.-o-hn^- .-ti .Wt 

l...kjll^ ..V.T till- r.|up'H Ki,i.. tl...ii tl>.-r<' l>i..l l.r^ll T-f.-f* t: 

)>|>i>li'[iiic ))pik'- mil fur iHu'kiiii: u|> tliiiit^i rvrrj m-'nut^ ' 
r.-.[nir.-| un[u.-ltinn n^nin niKliI. Tli.— • "U- b^ 
l.'tt.-r. t.> .l-liv.T. -r i>r,y fn.->i.U t.i ni.-t, ..r tiiT m'UM 
"f piiiii; mivwhi'rr nr ■liirm uiivlliiti):. <1im-ii«w-.| lln-ir jc" 

,1 l, till.... ,. .l.iv;^'Un. .-l^ ■■! [^--n.-vr. ■•• 
^, lu.l 111.- nuiii)i.T :{ il...^' »h.. h»l [... i.r-;..t. .hi 
»■ L. V.TV I;irt.-. lli.-r,- »-.'n. i-l-olv ■■( li.tvi,. r* «i»l f- - uJ 

Tt. wli.i 1....1 U-.ii ill itll ,.1..,.« ,.^.1 U..11 i...«, .nl T ■-- 

h.i.l U..I. w.ll «.,l l-ll-r. Al. A n..-i. <■,... ^.--nll. i:...> ,r. ■..■- 

. il.m, Hi.- I....1 !.'.'[. »r..pi--l i^. >t. >r,.l ...Im...^ t- < 

,it..i .>.u-l,,lillv M>..rl..,ul.-.l n v.rv litll.-' , ,»li* ..( ,«:. ... 
wl,i--li r...,l...ii.-.l Ki- .t..!!,.-., li-,.-l.. I«i..!..--. .1..1..V .;.(*- 
l.-.k-. tr.iil.I-. an.l ..tli.-r U.^-..p-. JI- liV^- 1- .t--i 
li-iiM. ■l-.-i- ,n\.- 1.1- f-^k.'t-. -lu-l »dll..-l tl>. .|-.-k will, l- 
■.t,l- .l;l..i.-.l. y it.l..lii;; ihr Bit ..t Kt.^i ID -U- 
n.-. -1. .1), 1., .11 Ivr.iil-. nii'l .-..]. i»-».-r ■ iiii,l,-( *.-.i . :: iiii*i 
w..r-.). .,i-..t,...ii.i^) 1- l.r-..ll..-.l l■^ -1.^.-. \u }M^..-i. .- 
mail wli" uai.<.ii^ly ttU>)n-i't<-.t ..( l.<tiiif; run >«t< (r 


;h something in his possession belonging to its strong 
les the key, grew eloquent upon the subject of the 
man, and hummed the Marseillaise Hymn constantly, 
d, one great sensation pervaded the whole ship, and 
f America lay close before them ; so close at last, that, 
rtain starlight night, they took a pilot on board, and 
few hours afterwards lay to until the morning, await- 
Tival of a steamboat in which the passengers were to 
'ed ashore. 

came, soon after it was light next morning, and, lying 
an hour or more — during which period her very fire- 
s objects of hardly less interest and curiosity than if 
been so many angels, good or bad — took all her liv- 
bt aboard. Among them, Mark, who still had his 
d her three children under his close protection; and 
rho had once more dressed himself in his usual attire, 
a soiled, old cloak above his ordinary clothes, until 
) as he should separate for ever from his late compan- 

;eamer — which, with its machinery on deck, looked, 
ced its long slim legs, like some enormously magnified 
antediluvian monster — dashed at great speed up a 
bay, and presently they saw some heights, and islands, 
g, flat, straggling city. 

this," said Mr. Tapley, looking far ahead, ''is the 
Liberty, is itt Very well. I'm agreeable. Any 
do for me after so much water ! " 




II DtnMiiABiM ntfiM riuT vo«u un t 

■-rAcmiT *tar, tub n-iuw, at ini nmt nv «■» !■ 

TUK riirTKt) •TATcaor ajiibica t Hi MAOa ttm* act 


0* TMOVM TKAnAcnom. 

8«||IE trifling «i«lrmtatt pcVTailMl upem th» vwj M 
■UgiB cf th» luiil nt liberty; 1m u ililifiMW had b«i 
lh« d«y 1»lai«; mad Pui^ FMUim MlnnU j naal^ ■* 
M ndi an «ultli« ocmIib, Dm Mwla «< Iha ^HR 
euidiikte bad (ooM it Beoa^uy to mms* llw grmA fite 
I^iHt; uf BMthn awt Fn-mlnn of UfiaJM I9 iMlUq 
li-tfn uid nrmi, mmI fiirtlh'nti'ir*' jximiiiifi oaa oteocMW 
mull throii^-li (h<- i>tr*-<-t» with t)ii> <l<'<i^-n ,<t -huint; h. 
Tliiw p — l.|mm<iiin'<l lillli' .nitl«in>U ..f thr |i>i>ttUr Iu>. 
nut in lli<'t]»i'lv.-H Kiithrii'iillv n-markal'l' ■•> rn«U u 
xtir, nft.r tht- ln|»o of u wh..i.- ni^).! . !■<,( t)»-^ l.^inl !• 
ML'l i.'.l-ri..iv in thr l.r.'«lli ..1 tho nrw.l..,., wh.> r. 
I>r-r|niMi.'.l tlx-ni with ^linll v.'IU in nil tW iii»:h>ai. > 
irnv "f IK" t..H-n. tii^'n tU- «li>rv.-.. aii.l .n.-ti): lb<- .1 
l.iii ..r. 111.- li.-.k iin.l .l.'wn in lli'- r«t>in. ..f th- .Ui ).'f..r.' -1." t )i<-l tli<- ■>li.>r>', WA* Uarxl'sl ar.j 

l.v „ l.v'"i'"f tti..-.. v,.i,ri,:r,ti,-n.. 

■■II.T.''- llii- nii.n-ir.i;'. S'-" V-rk S'l^r'" -n. 
-II.T.' ■- tl.i- .T,..r.anc'« N-w V-rk SUU.r' Urn- . ■.] F.iiulv S].v- ll.r.--- t)..- N.'w V.-rk Tri.itr I. 
H-r. ■■ 111.- N.« V..rk 1'.. J. t' H.-n- '• lU N-^n V f« 
.Lnr' Htv'H ll,.' N.W V.rk K-vh-I.- Kcj-rt^r' l^r 
N.-w V..rk i:..«.!v' H-t.- ■. ,11 thr N... \.^i 
lUf ^ fill |«rtin.l.,t- ..f ll..- i«ln..ii,- l,^.f,«. »..,,o-, in wliir), 111.' \V1,;.-. n-t.. -' .hsw.-! uy uxl : 
.\l.iUir..i p-it:mt.' <--w; nn.l t)i- int.-n-.tini: Ark*ii«. .1..' 
Il-.W!.- kluv.-.; i.[i.1 .ill IW r..Ilti.-.I. ('.mimrrrnl. »nJ F 
•t.l.- N.**. ll<'r< tli'V nr^: lUtu tkry arr: lUr* • 
p^n, hrf ■» the |«i-t.:" 


'Here's the Sewer!" cried another. "Here's the New 
'k Sewer! Here 's some of the twelfth thousand of to-day's 
^er, with the hest accounts of the markets, and all the ship- 
l news, and four whole columns of country correspondence, 
a full account of the Ball at Mrs. White's last night, where 
the heauty and fashion of New York was assembled ; with 
Sewer's own particulars of the private lives of all the ladies 

was there I Here 's the Sewer ! Here 's some of the 
fth thousand of the New York Sewer I Here 's the Sew- 
exposure of the Wall Street (Jang, and the Sewer's ex- 
re of the Washington Gang, and the Sewer's exclusive 
ant of a flagrant act of dishonesty committed by the Secre- 
of State when he was eight years old ; now communicated, 
i great expense, by his own nurse. Here 's the Sewer ! 
5 's the New York Sewer, in its twelfth thousand, with a 
le column of New Yorkers to be shown up, and all their 
38 printed I Here 's the Sewer's article upon the Judge 

tried him, day afore yesterday, for libel, and the Sewer's 
tte to the independent Jury that did n't convict him, and 
Sewer's account of what they might have expected if they 
Here 's the Sewer, here 's the Sewer ! Here 's the 
)-awake Sewer, always on the lookout; the leading Jour- 
A the United States, now in its twelfth thousand, and still 
jiting off. — Here 's the New York Sewer! " 
[t is in such enlightened means," said a voice almost in 
;in's ear, "that the bubbling passions of my country find 
jurtin turned involuntarily, and saw, standing close at his 

a sallow gentleman, with sunken cheeks, black hair, small 
kling eyes, and a singular expression hovering about that 
fu of his face, which was not a frown nor a leer, and yet 
kt have been mistaken at the first glance for either. In- 

it would have been difficult, on a much closer acquain- 
», to describe it in any more satisfactory terms than as a 
A expression of vulgar cunning and conceit. This gentle- 
wore a rather broad-brimmed hat for the greater wisdom 
is appearance; and had his arms folded for the greater 
vflriveness of his attitude. He was somewhat shabbily 
wd in a blue surtout reaching nearly to his ankles, short 
I trooBers of the same colour, and a faded buff waistcoat^ 
ogh which a discoloured shirt-frill struggled to force itself 


portinM of hia ibo^ and iiwtBl«iiili^ • ^da* 
tpmUnn an tta o<rB moowiL Hi* fa«l, «h«* m 

wwk; and fate tbkk «»% aliod wUb • a^k* hi^« 

fion ■ )tti*HUid-lMB] od hii wM. Thw iMni mi 
fomivmmA xu/Ut aa iipmel itf gmt |«alatdi^, IW pil 
twit4!b«) np Uw ri^t-haad eomer ol U» bmIIi mI Hi 

•y* •bunlUnaiiaily, Md aid. obm mam — 

"It il I h ■nllthtmri mwM that Ika hahM^fi 

otf ny eonnlr^ And a nnL** 

Ai Iw lookad «t Xartte, nd boMt •!» •» K 1 
iMUn«d bfa bMd, wd «U: — 

"Ym allude to — •■ 

" To the Palladium of ntioiial LIlMstj at hnaa, m, m 
dnad n( KiireiKD op))i>Faiion atvoad," r«tvnicd th» gmA 
n* 111' ]-'int<il with hi* emu' to mi unmmraoiilT Jirii iw 
Willi Mil. ..y. -T.. thr Ktivy ..f i|,r worl.l. .ir, »ii.i U» 
.■t> nf Mum:.!! CiviliMn.m. Ul mr a^ v-u. ..r.- Ix i 
liniij:n.K II"' f'T'iIv '■( 111" "tirk iil-t. ll.r .Wk »•. 
iiir "f II iiiiin nh<. tiiUht not In- ojuivi-i-dtiil wilU, " b > >i 
Ilk.' riiv r..i,(,tr>T" 

"] iiiii hn^llv [<r<'[>nr<-<] U< ainnTrr that '|-)r'<ti- n xit, 
M.Lniii. ■■»-..n,>:"ih..t [ h»v,' n..t l«-n »*li"r.-.- 

■■W.ll. 1 .),...iM .■vi--rl V'.ii w.-r.' II..1 i-r.-i-.r^i. .;r. 
th.' K- i.ll.-nuti. "l- l-'li"l.l ni.-h I'lKtw >-f Nili.<ui IV- 
IV tl..-- ' " 

M.' [-' t" tlic v™m-U Ivirc i>t Ih.- whin— *»! 
i;.H.' il * .LTi.' Il.-nri-h with lii- Mirk. 0.1 if hr ■..uM ici*. 

iiir mil «.ii.'t p'lK'nillv in thin h'mnrk. 

■■|!...llv." ^.M Martin. ■■! know. V« — I U 

Till' .--'iill-iimi k.-liii'-nl nl him with a kn.>«u>r k*4 
Mill )i. likol hi* P'Ikv. [t wa. iiatunl. hr •«>!. i 
{>li-iiiMil hull n* B |i|ii|iw>')ih<'T t->"1iHTvr tho )iri-ju<li<T> i4 ! 

■■V,"i h.ivr Ln-tiyht, I «•, ,.,r." hr M..1. Iur-.;B* 
t-«ar.!. Martin. i»i,l n-.tiiii; hi* rhin oti thr U';. -4 k« 
" Ihr uoiinl atuouiii u( miM-17 util |uT(rtT. m>i1 i^«iw 


ne, to be located in the boeom of the Great Bepublic 
ill, sir! let 'em come on in ship-loads from the old country, 
len vessels are about to founder, the rats are said to leave 
L There is considerable of truth, I find, in that remark." 
'The old ship will keep afloat a year or two longer yet, per- 
il^" said Martin with a smile, partly occasioned by what the 
lUeman said, and partly by his manner of saying it, which 
I odd enough, for he emphasized all the small words and 
tables in his discourse, and left the others to take care of 
maelves; as if he thought the larger parts of speech could 
trusted alone, but the little ones required to be constantly 
ced after. 
'Hope is said by the poet, sir," observed the gentleman, 

be the nurse of Young Desire." 

Martin signified that he had heard of the cardinal virtue in 
stion serving occasionally in that domestic capacity. 
'She will not rear her infant in the present instance, sir, 

'11 find, " observed the gentleman. 
'Time will show," said Martin. 

nie gentleman nodded his head gravely, and said, "What 
oar name, sir f " 
iartin told him. 
' How old are you, sir t " 
ilartin told him. 

'What is your profession, sirt" 
iartin told him that, also. 
' What is your destination, sir ? " inquired the gentleman. 

Really," said Martin laughing, ''I can't satisfy you in that 
icular, for I don't know it myself." 
' Yes f " said the gentleman. 

No," said Martin. 

!lie gentleman adjusted his cane under his left arm, and 

c a more deliberate and complete survey of Martin than he 

yet had leisure to make. When he had completed his 
leetion, he put out his right hand, shook Martin's hand, 

•aid: — 

'My name is Colonel Diver, sir. I am the Editor of the 
w York Rowdy JoumaL" 

iartin received the communication with that degree of 
wet which an announcement so distinguished appeared to 


PP un Ufo Aonwnm 

Vinr York Bowdjr JoniiMl, «ir, 
_ 1 cxpwt jrtM kmnr^ Um ot^n ot va 

^uf iriMlii iteonpoNdl" 

"Of inleU%Blal^ «r," r*fdi«l llw wbMl; -rf h*fl 
■nd viitiM. And of tboir m emmry tm rn ^tm rn tai Ifeb I 
Be — ilolkn, nr." 

Ibrtin WM vm; gW lo beu IhK fnliag mB ■■■ri 
U inteUigBtux amj virtu* led, m » HmUv «f •■■■k i 
Mqaliitun nf d<iUu% hi wmiU apMdUr kwawa • |irt 
faOut. Ha WM BbDiit (0 msynm tlw jwHtartiw a* 
•Aadad hiai, wIhd Iw wu inlarnipUd hf th» «i^ite i 
ritip, wbn ovM tip al tlw taoBonl lo diik* kMkb «i 
«o)«Mtl ; umI wIki, Mcing ■ waUnlnMid ainagv •» ttl 
(for llutb) 1m>I timwa uMm hk d<ak). AmA ^i* vN 
aUi\ Thin wiv) an iirujiriikiibjp rrlirf bi Mwtii^ vtvx ■ 
of thn lU-kiiowlcilKml aiipnrmacT of inl«Ui|t<«or •»! tW 
that ti;ii.|iv .■oiiiiirv. w.»il.l liiiv.' l«'n .I.tiiIt ni.-mfi"! i.> 
)..f,,r.- r.i.ii-l Piv.T in tl... j.-.r <-h;i».-t.T ■■( i .Wfv 

■■W-ll. r.,j.'....:---j.i.i tt..T..l..n.-l, 

" \V..ll. .-..I...,..] : ■■ , ri...l I!,.- ...,.[.,i„. •■ Y.-n -r.. 1 . k;Bj 
iin(Niiuiii..i. 1-ri-lil, -ir. I r.m IupIIv rr-ih^. ii. l.vr,.- , . 
ilial 'i- <i f.iit." 

"A K'--h'^'---'i--. '-.'|''-"f iii'|uir.~i tl.r o.|..r-t. uk-j 

"W.ll t 

ll V 

, [.r-tly ■imnkint; i 

•■ V. - 


"uvii: ll «,, 

rent > )>'V ii|> t-> v 
■■V-.i. iMViri 

"1 pi.-,, ilnr.- ,>ir .. .l../.n ,f >..ii « 
llip ra)-tain. 

"(ll,.. m.-i.r<l- I.:- ■<:u .-..m.-y 
ixrh^jw." ..l«r\..| ih- ...I .11. 1 m'ii.iiij;, 
■•111 K ■|niikiii^' T'lii, I tliiiiL '. " 

•■WVll: ^. I ,ii.i." «i. U,.- 

' Willi th.' |.a»— tn.-'-Th-t, oi a 
li.T l..y t.. .|.,r.-. ,.>.;-. r^ 


8 very nigb, you know, " observed the colonel. " I 'm 
was a spanking run, cap'en. Don't mind about quarts 
re short of 'em. The boj can as well bring four-and- 
pints, and travel twice as once. — A first-rate spanker, 
was it t Yes t " 

nost e — tamal spanker,'' said the skipper, 
dmire at your good fortun', cap'en. You might loan 
orkscrew at the same time, and half a dozen glasses if 
:ed. However bad the elements combine against my 
's noble packet-ship the Screw, sir,'' said the colonel, 
to Martin, and drawing a flourish on the surface of the 
th his cane, ''her passage either way is almost certain 
tuate a spanker ! " 

captain, who had the Sewer below at that moment, 
g expensively in one cabin, while the amiable Stabber 
[iking himself into a state of blind madness in another, 
cordial leave of his friend the colonel, and hurried away 
atch the champagne; well knowing (as it afterwards 
d) that if he failed to conciliate the editor of the Rowdy 
f that potentate would denounce him and his ship in 
ipitals before he was a day older; and would probably 
the memory of his mother also, who had not been dead 
lan twenty years. The colonel being again left alone 
artin, checked him as he was moving away, and offered, 
deration of his being an Englishman, to show him the 
nd to introduce him, if such were his desire, to a gen- 
irding-house. But before they entered on these pro- 
3 (he said), he would beseech the honour of his com- 
the office of the Howdy Journal, to partake of a bottle 
pagne of his own importation. 

:his was so extremely kind and hospitable, that Martin, 
it was quite early in the morning, readily acquiesced, 
ructing Mark, who was deeply engaged with his friend 
three children, that when he had done assisting them, 
i cleared the baggage, he was to wait for further orders 
Rowdy Journal Office, Martin accompanied his new 
tn shore. 

made their way as they best could through the melan- 

30wd of emigrants ujwn the wharf — who, grouped 

heir beds and boxes, with the bare ground below them 

bare sky above, might have fallen from another planet, 


LiTR OD umarrvtm m 

idag Uwjr ktwwot IbaomUiT — ladv 
on outaaMalMg* Iwqr atm* t mw JiJ aa «■■ dfc^ 
^^gn ud «Up|iiagi Midaa tfaaoUur fajr • bag «wrf« 
«l.Wdi ifaMlMMMi ud nOoH niiwiiilil «tth m> 
MUtU B«l wbtU iaUm, wwl imm whUm hw* ai 
Ulten, Uwi Mutia Ivd anr mm Mia% la 11^ «m 
•|NCB. PnMwUy lh»j tartMiJ np ■ ■■iw* ■*»< ad 
nlly Into other inrrow itncU. until al Uat tWj alaii^ 
a biiuM wlinrmxi w>« |Mint«<l la gnwt chamiMi^ *B 

Th- (»loniFl, who had walkad iha wbola wmj vilk W 
in hi* bTRatl. hu li«a<l ciffwaliwilly ainiin Iraa iMa I 
■bd hi* liai tiiiuwu back ofiaB Ut aai^ — Uw a aM *l 
u)M««Med Ui inciBveniam by a mmm of Ua an VH<^ 
M tW wajr tip a dark awl Sftf ttiM of aUii* tela a a 
rioitkr chuadar, all littand and baton wUk oAb » 
cd newipapen aod other aumpUd faagneMli^ both ta 
and nianiucriiiL. Itehind a manfor old writiair-UUv i 
u[iartn»-tit kiI s fipin- witli a ntuin]! i>f a |>rn in iU U'Vi 
« tr..,l ..( ~ ..^.n, i>. il> nn!,l t.a...|. a.!,..!*- 
at A til" <'f Ko».|v .lotimalx. nii.l it wil- .urh . Uii^t^)'!' 
(tint M.irtin )iii.l K.,ii>.- .hllirultv in |.n-H-r^ m^- la ^ 
l\i»»iiU r-tiH'i.OH >-t thr rl.-»' .>lM-rv;it>-l> -f C'Imih^I Ihi. 
'I'll.- who lut ili|.|.iiit: ami >lir,iiK a. J 
at thr K..U.IV .l.ianiuU wo" n -m.iU vtii.K p-ntWmaa . 

JtlV.-|ui-Ml|>|MMr:UI.V all'l llTlKll.-U'.-olIirlv |-ll.- m Ihr Ibi- 

|ii'rl>.i|», fr"iii iiit-'iiH> t)ioii|.<|it, lilt |<artl>. Ihrrv u »' 
fr.'iii Tliv .x..-^iv.' 1I-- •'( i..)».r... whicli lip ». at ih 
lii.t.t .'li.Miiiu viK> il.- ».>n' )iu >hirt-oaUr 
• 1..>M. ..wr .1 M:«k nl.Kiii. ii:i.l In- Liiik Uir — a tr^i 
— wii.. II. .1 ..i,U .i,i,.,th.-l aihl |«jrt.-l l-fk (^.m hu t^ - 
ii"i.-' ■■( til.- 1'.- trv -I hi< a.-1-.'t iiu^ht )■' h-L )«t h» 
.i>.i Il>.'r<'. I.-.I. ^'ni1>).-.i ii|< hv th.- r^-t.. iihi.-h v^^t^a 
hi- l"f!i--t .l.-..l..,.m.-]il. ).<mt: ..inrvhjl |.in>|Ui II 

th.l -fl.-t -[ I...-. »h].|.tl •«> nf muikm.l hM hr 

Ilf .ii'|"ii ■■-huK" »ii.l il «»!• \<i\ niiich tiini"i n; 
.-li.l, ...Hill,:. l-U% -■■!<,. Ti-'i. th.< ui>i-r h). .>( It.. 
h'<'iitl.<tLiii i>-r<- t.'t."iL» "f ■ wii')> .Imuh — •■> irri. Trrr 

iIkI -.ilit, ihjl, l!h.u^,■h .-1 itii;r.| I.. Itir iitm.»i, il 

lii'>r>' hL' .1 I'oiil ti>.'<> ■■{ .-;ii„' rltva.l ttian Ilw (air f 
<>( 4 1., '.-l-xhr. ati.l tliu r.'iij-tiirr, lie a]>{arriil|; U*-\ 


«nt far to strengthen. He was intent upon his work. Every 
me he snapped the great pair of scissors, he made a oorre- 
Kioding motion with his jaws, which gave him a very terrihle 

Martin was not long in determining within himself that this 
tugt be Ck>lonel Diver's son; the hope of the family, and 
itore mainspring of the Rowdy Journal. Indeed he had 
Bgun to say that he presumed this was the colonel's little hoy, 
id that it was very pleasant to see him playing at Editor in 
1 the guilelessness of childhood, when the colonel proudly 
terpoeed, and said: — 

" My War Correspondent, sir — Mr. Jefferson Brick ! " 
Martin could not help starting at this unexpected announce- 
?nt, and the consciousness of the irretrievable mistake he had 
arly made. 

Mr. Brick seemed pleased with the sensation he produced 
on the stranger, and shook hands with him, with an air of 
tronage designed to reassure him, and to let him know that 
3re was no occasion to he frightened, for he (Brick) wouldn't 
rt him. 

"You have heard of Jefferson Brick, I see, sir," quoth the 
onel, with a smile. " England has heard of Jefferson Brick, 
irope has heard of Jefferson Brick. Let me see. When did 
a leave England, sir 7 " 
"Five weeks ago," said Martin. 

"Five weeks ago," repeated the colonel thoughtfully, as he 
>k his seat upon the table and swung his legs. "Now let 
» ask you, sir, which of Mr. Brick's articles had become at 
it time the most obnoxious to the British Parliament and 
5 court of Saint James's? " 

Upon my word, " said Martin, " I — " 

I have reason to know, sir," interrupted the colonel, "that 
5 aristocratic circles of your country quail before the name of 
fferson Brick. I should like to be informed, sir, from your 
0y which of his sentiments has struck the deadliest blow — " 
"At the hundred heads of the Hydra of Corruption now 
^veiling in the dust beneath the lance of Reason, and spout- 
^ up to the universal arch above us its sanguinary gore," 
id Mr. Brick, putting on a little blue cloth cap with a glazed 
mi, and quoting his last article. 
"The libation of freedom, Brick," — hinted the coloneL 


un A3C0 jii>vEnmBs or 
I IB tfani, 


duM^ th>y hitli kibkad at Hwtin, pm^brai^ 

MO mf Mm," Mid Multn. «bu had t^ lU tte < 

iwcd Ui wwl oaoltMn, "I can't ^v» jtm uif mtt^ 

nuliiiu alini it; f>« tbt tnllt ia tbd I — * 

-Btepftfriail UMOoloBal, gluuiac atMatr al ya *« a 

■dant, ami giviag hia baaJ ana aliaka alte *v^ aaA 

Iwt yoa MTcr boanl nl JafftxwiB IMdt, rir. T1«l jaa I 

d Jdfcnwp tirick, ait. Tlut jruu b«v*r »« IW li 

uaal, air. Tlwt you mtoi Iumw, air, ol Ua Wgfair idi 

njn ilte eaUnvta at Kun>p« — Yea I " 

"Tbiit '■ wluil [ VIM almul U< oWrrp, ntUial*,' tM 


"Ke«p cool, JflffeTaon," aaid the colotwl gnnlj. 'I 

buit! Oh, you Euroimaiu! Artrr that, Irt '• hana^ 
wiiif!" Sm wviua, til' K»t ilovrti fh>m th- UU--, ui-l i«-l' 

from iL Ki-k.l ..UUliir thr d.-t. « l..|tl- ..( ,U:..;«,-_^. 

ilin'.- jrliv— ■-, 

"Mr, .lrir.T^..ii Itri.'k. hir," ml! tl,.- r..l..i,..|. t,::-:,^ \l^- 

■•-ill ^'n.■ 11. , I -.iitiMMi,!." 

■■W.ll, -irl" .ri.-.l 111.- w,,r r..rT.-I-'T..!-i.l. •■.:t>^ ^ •; 
n>iirlii.l.'.l I.M.,11 ui-'ii n>.-, I »ill r>-|...ii.L I *ii: ^'-.<- < '. 
Th.- l!"».h .I..iirtml mi.l il- Ln^lhr-n. Il.r w.-V. t J 

wl H..l.r...r.. l.!...k(rnii, Umj.- r..m[.-"i ..f , nnl^r^ 

Ixil nr.- .(int. . 1- .ir .■ri..iinli ("r iiiv ...ur.liv l- \^l-\l tv ^ 
of 1,.. \>. -iTH t.|I..I..l m,- 

■■!!■ .r, I.- ,;■■• ,n.-.| ti,.- .•■.l.n.l, with vt-*! "■-- -r' 
"Tl..^- .a- Il.:«.rv -..mi..!..!,!., -.r. i[i iL- Uiv-'--' ' 


■■V.r< Jill. Il -.. i.i.l.-.-!." K.i,.i M.rtin. 
■■Tli.r- 1- t...l..>'. K..".iv. ..r," ..V.M0.1 th^ "l :*.; >. 
iiii; [,iM .1 ).i).r -^.nU Iiri.i .I.-rt-r— ii l.r-i. .1 • • 

Mr llt.k ,.;... I.-l. ■;]. . i.-.;,..n ..u Ih.t «!„' p-,-.- .' ; 
liir.-, ..i>.| ll..> (.:i 1.. -In:.;;;-,,- ■.r-ir, l..r>i. TV) 

( ■ 


en he laid it down, which was not until they had finished 
cond bottle, the colonel asked him what he thought of it. 
Why, it 's horribly personal," said Martin. 
'he colonel seemed much flattered by this remark; and said 
loped it was. 

We are independent here, sir," said Mr. Jefferson Brick. 
e do as we like." 

If I may judge from this specimen," returned Martin, 
ere must be a few thousands here, rather the reverse of 
^pendent, who do as they don't like." 
Well! They yield to the mighty mind of the Popular 
ructor, sir," said the coloneL "They rile up, sometimes; 
in general we have a hold upon our citizens, both in public 
in private life, which is as much one of the ennobling 
itutions of our happy country as — " 
As nigger slavery itself," suggested Mr. Brick. 
£n — tirely so," remarked the coloneL 
Pray, " said Martin, after some hesitation, " may I venture 
sk, with reference to a case I observe in this paper of 
*&, whether the Popular Instructor often deals in — I am at 
ss to express it without giving you offence — in forgery t 
orged letters, for instance, " he pursued, for the colonel was 
ectly calm and quite at his ease, "solemnly purporting to 
J been written at recent periods by living men t " 
Well, sir ! " replied the coloneL " It does, now and 


And the popular instructed — what do they dot" asked 


Buy 'em ! '^ said the colonel. 

[r. Jefferson Brick expectorated and laughed; the former 

oufily, the latter approvingly. 

Buy 'em by hundreds of thousands," resumed the colonel. 

e are a smart people here, and can appreciate smartness." 

Is smartness American for forgery ? " asked Martin. 

Well ! " said the colonel, " I expect it 's American for a 

i many things that you call by other names. But you 

t help yourselves in Europe. We can." 

And do, sometimes," thought Martin. "You help your- 

es with very little ceremony, too ! " 

At all events, whatever name we choose to employ," said 

eokmel, stooping down to roll the third empty bottle into 


himself by spitting altematelj into the spittoon on the ngbt 
hand of I he stove, and the spittoon on the left^ and then woric* 
ing his way bock again in the same order. A negro lad in i 
soiled white jacket was busily engaged in placing on the taUi 
two long rows of knives and forks, relieved at intervals by joy 
of wat<rr: and as he travelled down one side of this fe^ 
boarxi, be straightened with his dirty hands the dirtier dotbi 
which was all askew, and had not been removed since Irak- 
fast. The atmosphere of this room was rendered intensely hdk 
and stifling by the stove ; but being further flavoured by i 
sickly gUfrh of soup from the kitchen, and by such remote ng* 
gestions of tobacco as lingered within the brazen recepUdn 
already mentioned, it became, to a stranger's senses, almoA 

The gentleman in the rocking-chair having his back towaidi 
them, and being much engaged in his intellectual pastime, m 
not aware of their approach untQ the colonel walking up to iht 
stove, contributed his mite towards the support of the left-hml 
spittoon, just as the migor — for it was the major — bore dowi 
upon it. ^lajor Pawkins then reserved his fire, and looloDg 
upwanls, said, with a peculiar air of quiet weariness, like i 
man whu had been up all night — an air which ]SIartin hsd 
alreadv «>l*served both in the colonel and Mr. Jefl'erson Brick: — 

" Well, colonel I '' 

"Here is a gentleman from England, major," the colood 
replied, 'Svho has concluded to locate himself here if the 
amount of compensation suits him.'' 

**I am glad to see you, sir," observed the major, shaking 
hands M'ith Martin, and not moving a muscle of his faoei 
" Yo\i arc pretty bright, I hope ? " 

"Xcver Ix^tter,-' said Martin. 

"You are never likely to be," returned the migor. "Yen 
will sec the s\in shine //ere." 

"I think I remember to have seen it shine at home, some- 
times, " siiid Martin smiling. 

"I tliink not," replied the major. He said so with a stoical 
inditTerence certainly, but still in a tone of firmness which 
admitted of no furtlier dispute on that point. When he had 
thus settled the question, he put his hat a little on one side for 
the greater convenience of scratching his head, and saluted Mr. 
Jeflerson Brick with a lazy nod. 


of "Pawkins" was engraved; and four accidental pigs looking 
down the area. 

The colonel knocked at this house with the air of a man 
who lived there; and an Irish girl popped her head out of one 
of the top windows to see who it was. Pending her journey 
down stairs, the pigs were joined by two or three friends from 
the next street^ in company with whom they lay down sociably 
in the gutter. 

"Is the major in-doors9" inquired the colonel, as he en- 

" Is it the master, sir ? " returned the girl, with a hesitation 
which seemed to imply that they were rather flush of majors 
in that establishment. 

"The master! " said Colonel Diver, stopping short and look- 
iQg rouiid at his war correspondent. 

"Oh! The depressing institutions of that British empire, 
edonel ! " said Jefferson Brick. " Master ! " 

"What 's the matter with the word? " asked Martin. 

**I should hope it was never heard in our country, sir, 
khat's all," said Jefiferson Brick; "except when it is used by 
some degraded Help, as new to the blessings of our form of 
government as this Help is. There are no masters here." 

"All * owners,' are they ? " said Martin. 

Mr. Jefferson Brick followed in the Rowdy Journal's foot- 
iteps without returning any answer. Martin took the same 
course, thinking as he went that perhaps the free and inde- 
pendent citizens, who, in their moral elevation, owned the 
eolonel for their master, might render better homage to the 
goddess, Liberty, in nightly dreams upon the oven of a Rus- 
sian Serf. 

The colonel led the way into a room at the back of the house 
upon the ground-floor, light, and of fair dimensions, but exquis- 
itely uncomfortable; having nothing in it but the four cold 
white walls and ceiling, a mean carpet, a dreary waste of dining- 
table reaching from end to end, and a bewildering collection of 
cane-bottomed chairs. In the further region of this banquet- 
ing-hall was a stove, garnished on either side with a great brass 
spittoon, and shaped in itself like three little iron barrels set 
up on end in a fender, and joined together on the principle of 
the Siamese Twins. Before it, swinging himself in a rocking- 
chair, lounged a large gentleman with his hat on, who amused 

lb wajr luck >^u in thi< mhw a»4M; A H^ U 

1 wlilt« Jacket wu buulx aOMKl Im plMfag«*al 

'lit! rriwa ut knivM ind foriu, raliwvod at iiUi iih If 

«r 1 uid •• Im* tnrslbd tlowtt oa* dd* of Ui» Jl 

lich wu all uktiw, uxl hwl nnl lawn rMDo**J tiam I 

J vltflinjt Lf Um abiTn; tml U>iii|; (urtbrr f 

-kljr giuli ol Muii from tl» kitcban. uhI li; mtk 1 

liOM 111 lobMOD M lingMNi within U> !■»■■ 

, U bM>S«^ to B • 

Um (anUamu in Um racUiit^hdr hMii^ In hMk «» 
Uhdi, mi bstog aocb wi^mri ■■ lib IiiIijIiiImI pMlMi 
not airaf* nf thrir apptnaris until Iba cdottBl wslUbf af I 
■ttiv, o-iitnliuttsl Ilia Biitv tuoanU lb« mftficirt ul iha Wt 
ii|>iltiniii, jiift rui llip mnjiir — fur it wa» thf major — U^» 
u|-.ii It- M..j..r r.iwkin- llii'i. rr-«-rvr,! In. hrr, 1:. 1 :■ 

m.i[> »)..> h.i.\ \.-.H 


1.11 ni^' 

1,1 — M 

. air «l.i.h M^.: 

alrr:..iv..t-..rM.| l.,i 


.11. 1 au.; 

1 Mi, .t.rt.r-^. 1^. 

••\V.!1. r..l I-" 

"ll.-i.- i- .. ^.M 

!, f^.n. 


ii'l, ri-ij -r." ;!* r ■■«ti.. lit. 


Mill- III 

'■' ..'■■• 

>l<- hitu-'lf Ltt : 

"'"■''J"'..',! «i'"l'T""- 

"■ \ 

■■ .-l.«r 

1.-.1 thr wj..f. ^ 

)uin.]- -;iK M.irlii, 

. :itl 

a u-t 


a iimnclf ■'( lj» 

■ v.- 

rill - 

, l.n;:l,l. I l,..[..f 

r,' ~.i.i M..rli<i. 

»'r lik.-lv t" I--." flumnl tlic m*j i 

-lull.- /i/r--." 

"I tl.i.ik I r.i..-tMl.r I.. Iliv- «-■.. .1 .KiEi- .1 1> ^. 
tiiu.-s" -..I'l M.'MH. -rinli.v. 

•■I tl„i,k n..l/' r. ll..- m..j..r II- «i.t ... -uh a < 
imhir. f I,,-..,h, l-,I -nil 111 a I..i»- ..f Brrri.™ 

a.ltl>llt. i f 11.. f:IlllT .1l-|''ll<' .-n tl>4t )>'Ull. Wh'Ct 

tliii- Mii;..i il,.' >|ii'^ti.'ii, li.' j'lit )ii< Ut a liitl^ .<n or m 
till- |.'T. i;-r ..>iti>'iii>'[ii ' "f -rr.ili'liLn^' Uu Lrail, aikl aaJula 
J-lkr^-i. llruk «illi a l.uj uuJ. 


Major Pawkins (a gentleman of Pennsylvanian origin) was 
■tinguished by a very large skull, and a great mass of yellow 
vehead; in deference to which commodities it was currently 
dd, in bar-rooms and other such places of resort, that the 
^or was a man of huge sagacity. He was further to be 
lown by a heavy eye and a dull slow manner; and for being 

man of that kind who — mentally speaking — requires a deal 
' room to turn himself in. But, in trading on his stock of 
isdom, he invariably proceeded on the principle of putting all 
le goods he had (and more) into his window; and that went 

great way with his constituency of admirers. It went a 
«At way, perhaps, with Mr. Jefferson Brick, who took occa- 
m to whisper in Martin's ear: — 

" One of the most remarkable men in our country, sir ! " 

It must not be supposed, however, that the perpetual exhi- 
fcion in the market-place of all his stock-in-trade for sale or 
re was the major's sole claim to a very large share of sym- 
thj and support. He was a great politician; and the one 
tide of his creed, in reference to all public obligations involv- 
g the good faith and integrity of his country was, *'Eun a 
>iat pen slick through everything, and start fresh." This 
ide him a patriot. In commercial affairs he was a bold 
eculator. In plainer words he had a most distinguished 
nius for swindling, and could start a bank, or negotiate a 
in, or form a land-jobbing comjmny (entailing ruin, pesti- 
ice, and death on hundreds of families), witli any gifted 
mature in the Union. This made him an admirable man of 
ainess. He could hang about a bar-room discussing the 
Mm of the nation for twelve hours together; and in that 
oe could hold forth with more intolerable dulness, chew 
>re tobacco, smoke more tobacco, drink more nim-toddy, 
int- julep, gin-sling, and cock- tail, than any private gentle- 
in of his acquaintance. This made him an orator and a man 

the people. In a word, the major was a rising character 
d a popular character, and was in a fair way to be sent by 
e popular party to the State House of New York, if not in 
e end to Washington itself. But as a man's private pros- 
srity does not always keep pace with his patriotic devotion to 
iblk affairs, and as fraudulent transactions have their downs 
> well as ups, the major was occasionally under a cloud. 
jBDoe, just now, Mrs. Pawkins kept a boarding-house, and 

<^M a period >i luprvoMkaM ii^MttM,* t^AWt-M 

"I am Mirry ti> bmt thai," tftenwJ M'**** *b>^i 
ily (o laat, I ho^v T " 

JCutin kfi*«» nplliing alioat AaMfic^ or hm wtaU | 

■aowQ pwfwtlx "'•U thai if ila iadMdoal JIWii^ l» •« 

la la ba lidii^Ml, it alwaya ct dafnaaa< aaAalaigafVl 

-Uad, aiul alwajn u •! ui alanatag oM^ ad — <■ «»4 

■riaa i UtDUtth m a liodjr Uivj at* tmtf lo Mifa aaA ^m 

ETaBgnlbU, at bbj biiar of Um day ov ai^ Ifeat i* » ikat 

thriTiiifi aad prncpvtna of all enwitriv an ttM halal»U> ^ 

"II '• net likrty U. 1^. I li-'pir!-- au.) ll«ritn_ 

" WrII ! " n>tiinHHt the major, " I ripact wa afaall fit ■ 

•onirl.,.w. niwl .■..„„■ rifjl.t ii. th.- Pn.1." 

"W- ,ir.. .,r. .l.i-r^,- .■...iMln." «i.l tU K....U .l.^irr^ 

■■\V.' iin- -I y a li-ii." «ii.i Mr. .Irff.T-^, Ilo.k_ 

" \\V h.iv-- ri'vii ifyici); nini vijiornii- )<niKi|>l<-4 wi;i^;5 


Shall < 

' r"l'-ii"l rf-'titiiiv' I" Dii* )>r<>]>-iil witli ^t*''! i^' 


u- l„. 




M.-k" H" tl..ri M,rtm t.. Mr.. I'l-k.r., t- 

|<nrh.'ilin> r..iiii-l<-l »il1i tli>- mt'- <.f t.«nl ai*l l■.!fT^«. 

ii.r.r>.>..i III... II, It ii" »M.a.i t.<i«.- th.' I'i'wun- -J ».x i.l .Imr.-r, «1,..|, wuM «-.n U n-.vly. .. If*. ,i.=n« 
wrii t».. ...l.-k, nii.l it ..niv ir«iit"! a i(ii«rt»T ti.« 
r^iiiiii<1,H| ],itii tli.t if tl..- t.>lt.T w-n' t.. I.- Uk<« U kl 1 
w» !>.> tin>.- I.. I..-'. -■ I,.' s,,\\..-.\ ..ff oilh.-ul Bh«* »K 
l.'ft t1i-in t.. f ll''» if tl,.'> IlL.'MK-l.t |>r..|Tr 

Wli.n til-' T:..|"r r-~.' fr..iti ).i. r- Lin>:-.-h:>;r Irf.rr tW .< 
.tti'l -.' .li-lMrl.^l ll.- li.-< .i».l Idliiiv «Liff '4 .',; « 
(inn.-.] \h.:T It..w. tl,- .-l-tir ..f ■t.,1'- t.>l«rr.. )«^t» - ^ 
r-iU |r''(.il'!il ji" t'l !• i\ ■■ (I" 'l-iiil* ••1 it» I'f^'-wilmi m 
rr..i>i Ikit k'.-hli''i.i>»'- >tt,r.' lrxl.^1. u MaKm <ka>^ 
hiti.l him to l).F Ur n- HI. W r..iil.l d-i hrl). IhinLii^: tW 


«at square major, in his listlessness and languor, looked very 
tich like a stale weed himself; such as might he hoed out of 
Le public garden, with great advantage to the decent growth 

that preserve, and tossed on some congenial dunghill. 

They encountered more weeds in the bar-room, some of 
hom (being thirsty souls as well as dirty) were pretty stale in 
le sense and pretty fresh in another. Among them was a 
intleman who, as Martin gathered from the conversation that 
ok place over the bitter, started that afternoon for the Far 
Test on a six months' business tour; and who, as his outfit 
id equipment for this journey, had just such another shiny 
it and just such another little pale valise as had composed 
le luggage of the gentleman who came from England in the 

They were walking back very leisurely ; Martin arm-in-arm 
ith Mr. Jefferson Brick, and the major and the colonel side 
r side before them; when, as they came within a house or 
ro of the major's residence, they heard a bell ringing vio- 
Qtly. The instant this sound struck upon their ears, the 
lonel and the major darted off, dashed up the steps and in at 
B street-door (which stood ajar) like lunatics; while Mr. 
sfferson Brick, detaching his arm from Martin's, made a pre- 
pitate dive in the same direction, and vanished also. 

" Good Heaven I " thought Martin, '* the premises are on 
■e ! it was an alarm-bell ! " 

But there was no smoke to be seen, nor any flame, nor was there 
ij smell of fire. As Martin faltered on the pavement, three 
ore gentlemen, with horror and agitation depicted in their 
oes, came plunging wildly round the street comer; jostled 
eh other on the steps, struggled for an instant, and rushed 
to the house, in a confused heap of arms and legs. Unable 

bear it any longer, Martin followed. Even in his rapid 
^ogress he was run down, thrust aside, and passed, by two 
ore gentlemen, stark mad, as it appeared, with fierce excite- 

"Where is itt" cried Martin breathlessly, to a negro whom 
» enooontered in the passage. 

''In a eatin' room, sa. Kernel, sa, him kep' a seat 'aide 
iw ^l f^ sa." 

''A teat! " cried Martin. 

**Vag A dinnar, sa." 


un um Attmrrui or 

iland aX him for • raomeni. aaA twHl tatoal 

, ^ which (be wsgro, not i>f fau ubinl pMd4MM« 

. la pl^M, m hMrtiljr rp*]nadnd, tbit h» MMk t 

a Mn n( tight " Vug 'r« lh» phu—Nrf Mbw 1 

>s " Hill Muttn, ebfiping hia on thm lack. ' «d 

•Iter BiijwtiUi Ihiui Ultvn." 

nun thi* •rotimeut hM WBlkwl lalo lh« I 

d Into » duir Mil tbo oakwwl, whiA that | 

lioM DMrly tbnmgh hU diaiwr) hail famad A« 

V* for him, with ite tMck ifiiiiit llw tafcfa. 

WM ft BnnMnxu coniiwiy ^■ighl— or tvta^, §m 
Umm wmm Bv« or lU vm» ladk^ wbn mI *«4fp4 ^ 
> ■ Hub plulanx t? IhrnM-lvm All IIm haivw a4 
w«n woiUiig mmj at a nte that wta i|aUa ihiMJag,, «a| 
vonli wnt ■pokaa, and a»w j rbw<y aMwd I* art hb « 
In wdf-drfoBca, aa if a Umiam van a ap wiad ia art tol 
bmkfji>l tinf t<i-m'>rm« n»»mln)t aaA it had hat ^ m^ 
time t4> aMMTt tin* tint law iif naturr. Th« poabn, 
mnv |»'rli.i[~ l>.> .-M„.i,l..t.-.l t.> hiv.- (Mnu.-I thr .Ui.;' . 
.■til.Tl.iit.iii.'iit — f..r lli.^r.- M.I. 11 turk.-v nl 1h- l..i^' i v 
.lu.-k- ..1 til- t..ti..m. m,.| i«o f..w|. 11, th^ mi-UV- 
|»'.>r'-.l .u. ri]n.1lv ^i-. if .'vrv )>]r>l ),..l li.vl th.- h^ -t :•.* ' 
aii.| )i;i.l Il.mii 1T1 .I.-.|--r.ili..u .!..»» .t liuiu-m thr-: 

uv-l.T-, st..«...i .Ul.i J.l.kl.-I. l.-.,|.,! fr.n, rj|* . ■;.^. ,111.1 -lii l.v ..-.irr. i..t.. tt... ii...>,lli. ..( ih, »- 
Til- -li.riH-l i.i,-i;i.., v,., wl,..].- rTinimfwr* »t ■ or- 
hu^'ir-|>l<i>ii-. un.l ».. mm wmk.-l I.m .'I.- (;r>->: h^ 
iii.ii^.-tiM.. iiMlt.r in.ll.>.l .iw.iy w i.-.- Uf-rr ihr .--r. 
n -.l.'iiiii .111.) .Ill .iwtiil Ihiii^ I.. »-.-. IK-i^fti'- xn'.^i 
U.llM l!, (■"! Ill u-.-.|....^ —f.^-hnc. ii.t U^e-;.- 

l.r-.U ..( „i^;l,i„ur--, wh.. w.-r- o.nlmu.ll* .Uii-iiii.- .1 
within Ih-w. S|.,r- in..ii. with Knk ..h.| n.-..| fj—*.^ 
-ut iiii..i1i-Jl...1 (t.m ll,- .i.-tr-i. I....1 ..( h-,%v .|,.h«. .-i 

will, ».it.I,ril .v.- .i;-i, It,.- [.i-trv, Hk.l Mrv l'.«».i 
r.i. I. .1.11 -il .hiiii-r liT,,.' 1. I,,'t.1.'ii rr..iii .il l.',n.«:, k:. < 
|!4t -I.- ■.!... ...".(■rt, Il ».i. vrn- —11 ..«rr 

W 11. n III.. .■..I..1,. ! !i,i.l l.r,;-l,.-l Km .lmn-r. wKi.-h ..»• 
| »),il- >I.irtin. uh.. I,.,.l ^1,1 ),i. |.U!.. f.,r •.is' i. 
w,i. w.iitiiii; t.. 1-1:111. U- i-l. 1 KiTii -lul li.- tl>.-.:ib< 
l.«nl.-ns u[,.,«.f (t...,i .ill i.iru ..f ll.^ I"tii.«i. ukJ «l 
ha wiiulil hk'' l'> Lii'iw iiiy mrti.uUr* ofin-nunc tb*m. 


"Pray," said Martin, "who is that sickly little girl opposite, 
irith the tight round eyes? I don't see anybody here, who 
0ok8 like her mother, or who seems to have charge of her." 

** Do you mean the matron in blue, sir ? " asked the colonel, 
irith emphasis. "That is Mrs. Jefferson Brick, sir." 

*'No, no," said Martin, "I mean the little girl, like a doll 
— directly opposite." 

"Well, sir!" cried the colonel. ^^ That is Mrs. Jefferson 

Martin glanced at the colonel's face, but he was quite seri- 


"Bless my soul! I suppose there will be a young Brick 
tben, one of these days f " said Martin. 

"There are two young Bricks already, sir," returned the 

The matron looked so uncommonly like a child herself, that 
Ifkitin could not help saying as much. "Yes, sir," returned 
the colonel, "but some institutions develop human natur; 
jihers re— tard it." 

*' Jefferson Brick," he observed after a short silence, in com- 
mendation of his correspondent, " is one of the most remarkable 
men in our country, sir ! " 

This had passed almost in a whisper, for the distinguished 
gentleman alluded to sat on Martin's other hand. 

"Pray, Mr. Brick," said Martin turning to him, and asking 
I question more for conversation's sake than from any feeling 
dI interest in its subject, "who is that" he was going to say 
''young" but thought it prudent to eschew the word — "that 
rery short gentleman yonder, with the red nose ? " 

"That is Pro — fessor Mullit, sir," replied Jefferson. 

" May I ask what he is Professor of ? " asked Martin. 

" Of education, sir, " said Jefferson Brick. 

"A sort of schoolmaster, possibly?" Martin ventured to 

" He is a man of fine moral elements, sir, and not commonly 
endowed, " said the war correspondent. " He felt it necessary, 
il the last election for President, to repudiate and denounce 
hk father, who voted on the wrong interest. He has since 
written some powerful pamphlets, under the signature of ' Su- 
tnrb^' or Brutus reversed. He is one of the most remarkable 
in cor country, sir." 

un AXD uutmtn or 

. aMiii to tn ploDly ul 'vcn,' 

^UfMittiK hU ii)>|tiinu^ Hutio found ttit tkfl» Mi 

>« th&B fmir Bi^idT* iMMul, two ootaaHK ^ gMari 

•^ptain, M thai bo toM Bot Up lUiritiiif W« * 

and Um AnMricu HtlUlU nnwl b; a»l i 1 1 li lii^ 

jnwh TlM>tb«r Iha iilHecn roiwi— iwUH Moh olka; «v ■ 

did Dot, K-lwt* ua Mrtb Uw printfM eaoM (roHL TVn» ■ 

to be no m.>ii tLi-n- witboul » liU» — fur tbaw vW U 

ittiiiMH U, iniliuiy ItoiMNin won Hithn doctun^ pnAaa 

•VToaiidit Tliraa frry bud ■nd duagnnUa pxUiM 

B Buaiotw fran adgbbnoriBg Stalai ; oim 

M on poliliisd, umt un i 
«wa MiB. pAwkiu, wfan wm vary atidi^ hraj. Md 4 
ud « witjT'lHMl old dkiuel, «bti haU otrtMR MMtaaMb I 
lag Um r^Ua ol maM mmI h*d diflbad tka^M tabid 

but tbe n*l *tm ttnagriy <Uvoid of iiulindtiat intta ci 
«ct«r, inMmurli tluit aiij niw of tb«m ratubt b«*« fh 

ll.ilxl- Willi til.' l,tl..T UtI.l l|..l.>.tv U..I1I.I l.4Vr r.«,T>.l :t 

Tl..-.-', I.v 111.- "..V. «..r.- 111.- ni.-i.i1.r. ..( 1!.^ 1..1. 
.li.l ii..t ui.i--i.r I.. !.■ imu-un tli.- m.-t t.-iimrL..U.- i-- ;« . 

U. I)|.-> •^>:.11..».<.| th.-n 

- I:>,.t m..r<..-l: |kiUMti,' ^--T»r*..< ^ 

nt.>v.' f-r ,> itiiniil.--r ^.■ 

1.. r.-fr-'-li Hirm-Iv.-. al li.r >n> 

t...i... A f.-« «.|.-iil..r' 

.- rlinnirt.T-, li.iWrirt, rrn..i:.«l •! 

fill] .1 .,u,irt.t ..f nn l,..ii 

r. Hii'i .|].t 11..I riM- until ih' :*t>*. 

Wil.-ll ,11 -l.-i ll|V 

■■Wli.-t.- .It.' 1I..-V i:..\ 

iii^l" iu>k<-l Martin, in Ibr 'at .< i;r-.k 

■■ l..|r....ii^ 

•■1- Il,.r.- II.' .I.^..M 

;, ..r .•Ihrt int-nd .-( o^i^rml, 

lu-V.-i Marl. 11, wli.. »,.. 

.I..|>«h1 i..«ij,.y hinu'll alui La 

'•W.. «.- A Ini.v 1- 

..|i|r h.T.-. -n. «ti.l Uir ... im 

thnt." wwlU n|.|> 

S.> thr Wi'-i )M-<.-.l 

■ 'III >[> -111,:!.' til-. Mr .trff.r«« 

■0.1 -uch ..tWr miirri.-.| 

k-.<i.I].'ii..-n ii- «.<r^ Irti. a.Lu.'*!- 

*b* tlrpwliirt- uf tli.'iT .'1 

Ili.r Ulf* U a>i..l. .^..I lt>rr* « 

of tJk^m. Man in 

ll-.iu-lil ll,i. an un«.m(..rt*U. re 

k«pt bu ii|iiiii.>ii 

lu liitiiH'lf t-.t iIh- i-tTimt. t->in« 


NIB to hear, and inform himself by, the conversation of the 
nsj gentlemen, who now lounged about the stove, as if a great 
Height had been taken off their minds by the withdrawal of 
be other sex ; and who made a plentiful use of the spittoons 
nd their toothpicks. 

It was rather barren of interest, to say the truth; and the 
reater part of it may be summed up in one word — dollars. 
ill their cares, hopes, joys, affections, virtues, and associa- 
ona, seemed to be melted down into dollars. Wliatever the 
bance contributions that fell into the slow cauldron of their 
ilk, they made the gruel thick and slab with dollars. Men 
'ere weighed by their dollars, measures gauged by their dol- 
us; life was auctioneered, appraised, put up, and knocked 
own for its dollars. The next respectable thing to dollars 
WB any venture having their attainment for its end. The 
lore of that worthless ballast, honou^ and fair dealing, which 
Ay man cast overboard from the ship of his Good Name and 
iood Intent, the more ample stowage-room he had for dollars. 
[ake commerce one huge lie and mighty theft. Deface the 
inner of the nation for an idle rag; pollute it star by star; 
od cut out stripe by stripe as from the arm of a degraded sel- 
ler. Do anything for dollars ! What is a flag to them ! 

One who rides at all hazards of limb and life in the chase 
f a fox will prefer to ride recklessly at most times. So it 
"as with these gentlemen. He was the greatest patriot, in 
leir eyes, who brawled the loudest, and who cared the least 
>r decency. He was their champion who, in the brutal fury 
f his own pursuit, could cast no stij^ma upon them for the 
ot knavery of theirs. Thus Martin learned in the five min- 
tes* straggling talk about the stove, that to carry pistols into 
•gislative assemblies, and swords in sticks, and other such 
emceful toys; to seize opponents by the throat, as dogs or rats 
light do; to Muster, bully, and overhear by personal assjiil- 
lent, were glowing deeds. Not thrusts and stabs at Freer lorn, 
triking far deeper into her House of Life than any sultan's 
dmitar could reach; but rare incense on her altars, liaving a 
^■fteful scent in patriotic nostrils, and curling upward to the 
•▼eaih heaven of Fame. 

Once or twice, when there was a pause, Martin asked such 
[iMefeions as naturally occurred to him, being a stranger, about 
ke national poets, the theatre, literature, and the arts. But 



un AJtD Aovcmnu* e* 

uUmi wliicli UtMB g mtk a w w«m fa • MaMfel 

MID on lorh toping dkl not ut«Bd bsjiMd Ik* ^W 

adi tiMaUira|iiriU U Um Ubm m ColoaU IN«^ Ik i 

B Biiefc, uhI othn* : miowaad, w II tpf—w^ !■ « 

' in Um Khkrownl of « (•ciiUw aljpU •! WwkaiHi 

I "a ■ tiwiuw -." 

- iVe uu » buqr |>eopli^ air,** mU ana «f IW «|MBft ' 

■« fnim lli« Wol, "ukI have no ttaa Idr wiBag m 

t. Wo dnn't mind 'otii if Uwj worn* l« «■ in nvw^ 

villi ■ltni];htjr Rtraog ataff ol OMltlMr aori, bsl 4aB ] 

lw« Uw gMHvd, wb" a]iqiB«Twtl tii Hniv qnibr tainl A tta' 
qgkl nf Kadiuf) anjlliiiif: wbtrii wa> naltbvr MaMHiAi 
•iUeal, and wa* not in a iirwa]Nipa, inqnind " if My fi 
maa wifold ilriuk aumn I " Mnat of tk nip^f. aa^Ai 
thb a vvry ctiuim ami afaaoiulila Ma^ limiigi 4 avt^ ^ 
nnp, to the har-mnm in the next IJock. TKeniv \h*j |Mk 
w>-nt to tlii-ir ntorcR and ci>untinf;-hiniiHw; Ihrnrv l» ihr 
r...:.i ^LMin, l.> t.ilk ..n.-.^ m^-r.^ -f -LlUr-. m. 1 -r.:.r-.- ! 

I .if. 

..f -n 

1 I.. -,.■...■ Ill ll.r l.—ni ..( !,i. ..«u f«T,!l 
,1, «..ii|.| -..-.ii," ...i.i M.mii.,.- 

rli,.i,;;l,r., "t.. I- tl,.. |.niiri,.il r..r. .!: 
,...,,■■ Willi li.- Ml J 11.11-iiii.- i^- 
II.-,., ;.Ti.l Kir.P-.m-: i!.''..titi^- willi.t. I,. 
|.|.. ..f il.i. .1..- w.-r.- n..lh v- l..i-< A. I 

ri ^ 

hid ..» 11. . 

. .iiiii.'.iii -[•■ 

.• r>r 


..\ t 

1I1.I '1 ' 

lid iK- 

.ill t!. 

.>i,.i l,.-.,r.i »- 1...I H- vii .t..«n »i t)-' ^-, ..nd t....i.,i.i.- (ii..t.- ..rid iilt.- d.-.i..;i.|.-i;;. ». >. U. . 
..f -dl III->ULli.- :md ditli.ulti-. .-I hi. i.r..-ar -,. . 

N..« tlirr. l,„l l.-i, .il 111- .tii,ii.t.l.i'.lr » i:ti.!;--^-i 
uil!. r. d.rV .V. .,.id .. -iH.l.'itM f.v.-. -fi.' I.-. 1 .tl.-*.-t^i ' 
1i(.-- .ll.-tili..i> l\ l.mii^; %.T% -!> u:-'. ^■ 
U> tli. .yi.n-,-|.ii ..f 1,1. f.Mlin-. -f » i.. -i 1.' "■:;; . 
[i-lliirit; fr-.Mi . illi.-r ■■( lu- ii.-.J.'.-ir-, ■!>■■ —r.-! t.. « e. 
hini ifiMl- l>.ii.':>l)i lli-ir I, -.;.. !(.' Iivl I.ik.ii n ]<xn ■- 
taoxrr^U-u n.^iiid tin- -M-. ii..r l.-vl h- p..L- ( Mfc ■:v'> 
ml; and auw, «lii-ti lir luan) Mnitin n^:!! ' -> it" t^i" 


fourth time, be interposed with some casual remark, as if he 
desired, without obtruding himself upon a stranger's notice, to 
engage him in cbeerful conversation if he could. His motive 
was so obvious, and yet so delicately expressed, that Martin 
felt really grateful to him, and showed him so, in the manner 
of his reply. 

" I will not ask you, " said this gentleman with a smile, as 
he rose and moved towards him, " how you like my country, for 
I can quite anticipate your feeling on that point. But, as I 
am an American, and consequently bound to begin with a ques- 
tion, I '11 ask you how you like the colonel ? " 

"You are so very frank," returned Martin, "that I have no 
hesitation in saying I don't like him at all. Though I must 
add that I am beholden to him for his civility in bringing me 
here — and arranging for my stay, on pretty reasonable terms, 
by the way," he added; remembering that the colonel had 
whispered him to that effect before going out. 

"Not much beholden," said the stranger drily. "The colo- 
nel occasionally boards packet-ships, I have heard, to glean 
the latest information for his journal; and he occasionally 
brings strangers to board here, I believe, with a view to the 
little percentage which attaches to those good offices ; and which 
the hostess deducts from his weekly bill. I don't offend you, 
I hope t " he added, seeing that Martin reddened. 

"My dear sir," Returned Martin, as they shook liands, "how 
18 that possible ! to tell you the tnith, I — am — " 

" Yes ? " said the gentleman, sitting down beside liim. 

"I am rather at a loss, since I must speak plainly," said 
Martin, getting the better of his hesitation, " to know how this 
colonel escapes being beaten. " 

" Well ! He has been beaten once or twice, " remarked the 
gentleman quietly. "He is one of a class of men, in whom 
oor own Franklin, so long ago as ten years before the close of 
the last century, foresaw our danger and disgrace. Perhaps you 
don't know that Franklin, in very severe terms, pul»lished his 
opinion that those who were slandered by such fellows as this 
colonel, having no sufficient remedy in the administration of 
this country's laws or in the decent and right-minded feeling 
ci it« people, were justified in retorting on such public nui- 
by means of a stout cudgel 1 " 

"I was not aware of that," said Martin, "but I am very glad 


un un> inmrmn or 

■d I Uiiiili it wofthjr ol lii> m mmtmy 
■ilaUd agun. 
Mill th* othfv HBiling, w U h* kttmw «kil Mift 

ibIIit," [iuimimI ICortin, "h I 
_j' bnva requiml gn«t manga, rvM la him 
leiy Ml any qiiMtuin whieli wa* Bdl ■ l^rty oa* n a» 
( eounirf. " 

n e>itm|{«, nn ttnuU," MurmJ hb nvw biiMl. '9t 
k it wuulit DHjairr anjr In An x^ no* t " 
*nl I tltlnk it wonlil ; umI t)u« • littla,** mU llHfta. 
«n riyht 80 tw; riebt, UmI 1 Win« m ^MmI 
nUw Udi aii: If uMrtW JwmmI «r Strife anU ito 
4{ lu liMsomw, ba wmild be b«i»la4 4ma. D fs 
^ kiunrlMlf» of oar UlonbLn, taA mb gm ■• Ai 
•J anj nan, Aiaariaan tnra and facwl, who baa laito 
muBQ onr (•jllir* m a pH>]>I'- aiul n>^t m lhi> (« tb^ p«^, 
aad baa um{ioiJ tlta fcaJiwI aaJ [ai»t IruUl ■ii-'-r '' — -< 
inv<it4>nb> lialrmi atvl JntnUnnl pamiit, n ' . 
iwnii' ill ni) -nr*. I^lii'tn me In -rtu-- ■ 1- 
jint, wlivrr n natiii- writer hn* Titiitiirwl uri 1' ■ ■ 
ami p-Ht-liiinKximl illiulrati'<iu "f »ut vin« "f 'l-f-^*, 1 '« 
btwn fimnil ni n iwry tu «iiniRmn> itui in > m^aMl mlit** 1^ 
{wiui.if;>- )m* twn "ip'inftn"!. or nlUi*.!, i* i>tp)iir>n) »»«*. • 
palol.i-^l ini.i jTii-." 

"Aii.l )i..>v III.- OiH l.'.'ii (.MiiuLl iiK.utT" Mirt-.i, 1 

"Tliii.k ..f »liit V .Ti linv.. «-^n nn.l li.«r.i», ^.--r :j 
witlL II..- .-..l-.i.-l.- -.1.1 hi- fri-n.l. ■■«ii.| .i-k >.-ir--H H « 
fA--V .-..i,,- ..1. ,1 : ,....t!,.-t .( ..-11..1.- II.-.H.-1I (-.fl^i.! ;* tf •.-•-' 
.h..iiM I. -.t,.;.:.. ..f 111.' ii.l-Ilii;.!.--.- «n.) urt.,- ■• \r-- ». 

■.n.r, r-!.r-.!,l it. Will v.,,i w.,lk I " 

11,. .■■ «.i- ,. .-..rlinl .■n...l..i.r 111 l.l« inwin-r. tn-t ui .n.-v*." 
.■..!,^ l.iL- It WMul,! i,..t 1- .il.'.-r.l. > muilT >«r7_- • 
)i> ..>.'ii .I..I n MiiipU t-Uifr^ .... Ihr mu.U f..:h 4 • 
.U..,..r. ..K;.h M.rt.i. U.t ...-v.-r --.-n M.t^, H^ l.r.k-J i- 
ariii r. I'l^iv -i lli.t ••1 iti- A ni<> Kr-nllpmui. ■*■! tMri 


iarly forty years ago^ and woke upon that soil, as many have 
me since, to blots and stains upon its high pretensions, which 
the brightness of his distant dreams were lost to view^ 
»pealed in these words : — 

** Oh bat for such, Columbia's dmys were done; 
Rank without ripeness, quickened without sun, 
Crude at the surface, rotten at the core, 
Her fruits irould fall before her spring were o'erl ** 

un jlxo AbTiomnB <m 



■u vrocK or wunuM ; axb iiak as kxcu-lutt o tt ^w 

or ooiiriuivq HIM <>«n> kxtkuuicb witm thom «• urn 
Mun or lilt; uoiif HALuavKT, a» ksL*TK» n ■• rwB 


It wu '>,-r<H-.>MK of Mutin, tUl aR Ub vhO* bt 
•itber fon ' I M ;'. Taiilry m wB Hi U x ly m it Om I 
bmn no ill . i i • xUtotuv, or. If lor • whwmI ife % 

nf ttmt t:<'i ' : UTnr. Ki. ii.i.ta] ri.)<«i, U.) .1>mM 

it AM M"'!!''!)!!!!;; )iv 11" nicniui "f a pra-winit natuiT'. whirl bi 
U. .ilt.ii.i..! r.. l.v':,.,.l I.V. M.'\ i-.,i|M «,,.t ).-.• ■-rf..'. ; .: 
llul, Uui- n.« li> 111.' -Ir-I- ..V'l". il.--itr.-i !. ' r v- 

...mmi: "iiliiu fl>. U.f liriLir- ■■i \^ th.t Mr T. 

mi^rlil. Ml ...■ir r lini.-. t;r.-« tir.-l -f « i.lii.^- -. :' - :■- 

..M ..( 111. I;..«.i^ .r...iinil Otti.T. ~. 1,.- iiLt:t...-.-l ;- ■ . - 
fn.Ti.l. th.>t i( Ih.A ...■:l.i ..>i,v.hi.t,lh «dk It, t' ■.; -■: 

■■ \.,.i |. ikin^- ■■( l.,i-m.--," -.11.1 M.itii,. -tr.ii I i-i 
..fl.t 1 II. .V II. 1 I- l.!iii..l l...r,.! "I-.', .| - -- ■ . ■ -■ 

■■ \ i^ I. r." ,.;,1:..| 1.1- tn- IlI. '■ 1 " .• -n^-C 
Si,(. .-f M, -,.). i-.;(-, .1.1 r..i.l.- ll..f -t;!! M, )■ -■ .■ 
.■.|..l . -.t.^ry 1...U, I .iTi i.-.l .ft.r. it. tl;. - '.:.. - . 

- V ■! !..■,■ I .I.t. vi!" ...L.-l M.iMic. 

.1.: ,,;r , ■■,. 1 :■■ x-.r L.ii,- ,i..-! n .in •iMr>.- «; ! Mi.- 




You imply some reservation,'' said Martin. ' 
Well," returned his new friend, "if you ask me whether I 
came hack here with a greater relish for my country's faults; 
with a greater fondness for those who claim (at the rate of so 
many dollars a day) to he her friends; with a cooler indiffer- 
ence to the growth of principles among us in respect of public 
matters and of private dealings between man and man, the 
advocacy of which, beyond the foul atmosphere of a criminal 
trial, would disgrace your own Old Bailey lawyers, why, then 
I answer plainly. No." 

" Oh ! " said Martin ; in so exactly the same key as his 
friend's No, that it sounded like an echo. 

"If you ask me," his companion pursued, "whether I came 
back here better satisfied with a state of things which broadly 
divides society into two classes — whereof one, the great mass, 
asserts a spurious independence, most miserably dependent for 
its mean existence on the disregard of humanising convention- 
alities of manner and social custom, so that the coarser a man 
ia, the more distinctly it shall appeal to his taste; while the 
other, disgusted with the low standard thus set up and made 
adaptable to everything, takes refuge among the graces and 
refinements it can bring to bear on private life, and leaves the 
public weal to such fortune as may betide it in the press and 
uproar of a general scramble — then again I answer, No. " 

And again Martin said " Oh ! " in the same odd way as 
before, being anxious and disconcerted; not so much, to say 
the truth, on public grounds, as with reference to the fading 
prospects of domestic architecture. 

" In a word, " resumed the other, " I do not find and cannot 
believe, and therefore will not allow that we are a model of 
wisdom, and an example to the world, and the perfection of 
human reason, and a great deal more to the same purpose, 
which you may hear any hour in the day, simply because we 
began our political life with two inestimable advantages." 

" What were they 1 " asked Martin. 

" One, that our history commenced at so late a period as to 
escape the ages of bloodshed and cruelty through which other 
nations have passed; and so had all the light of their proba- 
tion, and none of its darkness. The other, that we have a 
vaat territory, and not — as yet — too many people on it 
These fact« considered, we have done little enough, I think." 

un AMD umj rj vu m m 



n; "Mill no nigln^ BKltet to hn^ of ; Iw «M • 
nd AMfMAk auantnn^ tout imn daw m Madk ' 

did mwl" In* nuUf clont K. W« rii^ <mI ki^ 

iwm wllk Ku)tl<ui<l, ivrUaoly, but haaa i> ■ *fffy a 

Y>m e>iin|iliiiMJUtMl nw un nj f ' 
Uail twnghtiit. 

Jkl I »■ not U all MkHiMhirf i . 
iljr wluB nj eountiy b in qii—l i wi,* ratauairf tti 
b jrour (ilatfl tpaakiBg in rr li wno tn 71MW vvs Ih* 

Yiin will dU KbiI it * KUne qittllt; Ihm^ I amm» ; 

[ aniKind Uv Colnnel Ditrar^ uad JtfSmaam ftM^ 

I^wUUMw — thn^ Un bMt irf w w* 1 1 !■■!>■§ 

naa in G<J>bBtiUi'a OMMdy, vbo wouM n't irt« < 

DCM|- Init hiniM'lf to atiniv hi* mwitrT. O-ew-" t* ■! 

"It't UM talk nt Komvthitig tlw. You hare mate bm ^ ■ 

ili'i-il^ii of im[ir<aiiiK vniir (■•rtiim-, I <Utr im» . aivl I tit 

(■ri.\-- I- i-nl \.-i\ ..111 ..f li.-.irl. I ,ini ^ .-^r. ... -rr ■ 


■ 1.1- U:l 111- l.vvt 
..[ Mil- v\n.h 
Ini.'.i. A- 1I wi- II.' 

t h.^. 

> .L.'ti--.) I 

.■!i-li.-..rl.-l. tiiLilT.-;-.^ 
m,...-,l.l.. ih.t i-- .■,. 
■.^ ...1., ..,:,..„». :^ 

.1.- ..n.i ki.i.l. M.ti.ti 1.1. 

ll. -.■ j.irl-, .111.1 .^-11 i„.,.i. It,.' v.T% .litlvil: .^ 
..- |-..-r II- .111 I, 1 -..v ),..« |...f. ,1 in.-t tr . 

r iKr. .■..!., ^ til.- .!.-.|.r-ili..ii -illi w »:r -!.. ' 

- ii.irn .V,.;,. !.-,: ,....r t,,- ..,,.1 t,- w*^ jn I ^-r. 

Ik »..iM 1.. f..t ,i,^ ...:iii-.l Ihit hi. ir..r..l - 

iM 1 

; I, .■. 

II <.M .iimr„U f-r »;ii . ■■ 
. f r M.rtm. »li.-.- J. (.-;■-. 
.:,.--. t.. tl:it tf^ . 


own account, "No go! " But he spoke in a cheerful tone, and 
said that, although there was no such opening as Martin 
wished in that city, he would make it matter of immediate 
consideration and inquiry where one was most likely to exist; 
and then he made Martin acquainted with his name, which was 
Beyan; and with his profession, which was physic, though he 
seldom or never practised; and with other circumstances con- 
nected with himself and family, which fully occupied the time, 
until they reached the Kowdy Journal Office. 

^Ir. Tapley appeared to he taking his ease on the landing 
of the first-floor; for sounds as of some gentleman established 
in that region, whistling " Rule Britannia " with all his might 
and main, greeted their ears before they reached the house. 
On ascending to the spot from whence this music proceeded, 
they found him recumbent in the midst of a fortification of 
luggage, apparently performing his national anthem for the 
gratification of a grey-haired black man, who sat on one of the 
outworks (a portmanteau), staring intently at Mark, while 
Mark, with his head reclining on his hand, returned the com- 
pliment in a thoughtful manner, and whistled all the time. 
He seemed to have recently dined, for his knife, a case-bottle, 
and certain broken meats in a handkerchief, lay near at hand. 
He had employed a portion of his leisure in the decoration of 
the Rowdy Journal door, whereon his own initials now ap- 
peared in letters nearly half a foot long, together with the day 
of the month in smaller type; the whole surrounded by an 
ornamental border, and looking very fresh and bold. 

"I was a' most afraid you was lost, sir! " cried Mark, rising, 
and stopping the tune at that point where Britons generally are 
supposed to declare (when it is whistled) that they never, 
never, never, — 

"Nothing gone wrong, I hope, sir?" 

"No, Mark. ^Vhere 's your friend? " 

"The mad woman, sir?" said Mr. Tapley. "Oh! she's all 
right, sir." 

" Did she find her husband 1 " 

''Yes, sir. Leastways she 's found his remains," said Mark, 
Dorrecting himself. 

"The man *» not dead, I hope? " 

•*Not altogether dead, sir," returned !Mark; "but he's had 
fevers and agues than is quite reconcilable with being 

p un AXD APTtXTTun or 

n»a ■h* did a'l mb him m wtitinc tat 

ra have died lwr»U. Idfdl" 
■■Wm ha niit \imn, Ihni!" 
"•//« wwii'l TImm waa » b«Ua aU 
4*|iin|it il'iim at Uwt, w mocli Uka Ua nbri 
mwn-l tiitu, ai rour •luduw, wlun il 'a ilnra 
umt aii'l I'lngMt lijr tlia •no, ia Ilka )ra«. 
nbuum. thm '• nu <1<mU aUxit UmL Sba 
*<Oi>r tliinii, u uiurh oa tf it Wl brxm all «# U 
" lUil (i^ Wiglii Uml I ■• ruJiwl Mr. Bma. 
"Ahl Ha'd bought Und," «id Mufc. 
and paid for it, too. Eto; aott of aata 
imiyH;fa«»1 with it, tha ^enta Mid; and than 
qnita unlimitad. No and to tha walcrl" 

" It '■ a thing be could o't ban i 
obMirad HartiD peeriahly. 

"C«^rtainly not, •ir. Thrre it wan, any a 
on, ainl iii> Wiiti-r-hit*'. lrii|f]H>n<lc»t <>f thr» 
.1 -1) t),.- f.nn rr-.m (. 


,1..-.. ),, 
!-■. f..r 



...1 .. 

\\h>u^ l-i 

■1 1..1, I .1 

Mirk, "ti- . 
N--« !.■ 


ops, A man and a brother, you know, sir,'' said Mr. Tap- 
', favouring his master with a significant indication of the 
ure so often represented in tracts and cheap prints. 
** A slave ! " cried Martin, in a whisper. 
"Ah!" said Mark in the same tone. "Nothing else. A 
ve. Why, when that there man was young — don't look 
him, while I'm a telling it — he was shot in the leg; 
^hed in the arm ; scored in his live limbs, like crimped fish ; 
aten out of shape ; had his neck galled with an iron collar, 
d wore iron rings upon his wrists and ankles. The marks 
? on him to this day. When I was having my dinner just 
w, he stripped off his coat, and took away my appetite." 
'^8 this truef" asked Martin of his friend, who stood 
side them. 

** I have no reason to doubt it, " ho answered, shaking his 
ad. "It very often is." 

"Bless you," said Mark, "I know it is, from hearing his 
lole story. That master died; so did his second master from 
ving his head cut o))en with a hatchet by another slave, who, 
ten he 'd done it, went and drowned himself; then he got a 
tter one ; in years and years he saved up a little money, and 
light his freedom, which he got pretty cheap at last, on 
;ount of his strength being nearly gone, and he being ill. 
i«^n he come here. And now he 's a saving up to treat him- 
f, afore he dies, to one small purchase — it 's nothing to 
*ak of — only his own daughter; that 's all!" cried Mr. Tap- 
•, ])ecoming excited. "Liberty for ever! Hurrah! Hail 
lumbia! " 

" Hush ! " cried Martin, clapping his hand upon his mouth ; 
nd don't be an idiot. What is he doing here? " 
" Waiting to take our luggage off upon a truck, " said Mark, 
le 'd have come for it by and by, but I engaged him for a 
ry reasona])le charge — out of my own pocket — to sit along 
th me and make me jolly; and 1 am jolly; and if I was 
h enough to contract with him to wait upon me once a day, 
be l«M)keil at, I 'd iiever be anything else." 
The fact may cause a solemn impeachment of Mark's vera- 
y, but it must be admitted, nevertheless, that there was that 
his face and manner at the moment which militated strongly 
ainst this emphatic declaration of his state of mind. 
•*Lord love you, sir," he added, "they're so fond of Lib- 

• pal o( ll» lU. tW ll>> bn bi •> 4 

1 ourjr hrr to tuariMC wiUi '««. n«y '■« mA ■ yi 

LibrH; Ual lb? <u'l Up lddl« lilll» •• 

1 '» irbBl 11 '■ »willg IOl" 

-Vo; »<ai,- iiM tbitim «U<i« l<> ate^ ^ • 

lo nw. Tlw pUm to wWb Om haflpi* »»»«»» fOM 

■Ul aid. Uim. IWIdu'. IV>i.lii« H>-^' 


"I. Uitf hb uuf _k>d UuUn 

"That'i lii< lu^, lit.">J lUA. AW Ik 

U< gn lao ni mu; •l.»l> <Wpr.. k-UU «M> 

wUk U> aaUia rf Ui>li •xUI} (ood^ Mat TMb I 

■Inidv lou Mon wiU hi> ilun. 

Martin bihI hw friend foUowml Uwni la tW door Wkn 

wnH' almiit to pursue Ihrir walk, whrn Uw UUrr MKfifw 

iu>k<'.1. nitli >...ii)i' hoitilioii, wlii-lliir that \.Mn^ nvac • 

-Wl,,. 111.. (.1.1 I 

ll)k ),.' )l...l l.'ll 


r t.. U 

. ( -.1. 

,..» «.v. ami Il,.< ;t.-™ 
^ f..r t«.. -f ti.r.^ !. ^r^ 
- ( .iMiMK-. .. Mr |U.».-. ■- 
wkll.-* mUUuhlurlit fi« 1 


nt in this he was overruled by his new acquaintance, who 
Bemed to have set his heart on carrying him, though it were 
olj for an hour, to the house of a friend of his who lived 
aid by. Feeling (however disinclined he was, being weary) 
iat it would be in bad taste, and not very gracious, to object 
lat he was unintroduced, when this open-hearted gentleman 
'as so ready to be his sponsor, Martin — for once in his life, 
t all events — sacrificed his own will and pleasure to the 
'ishes of another, and consented with a fair grace. So, travel- 
ng had done him that much good, already. 

Mr. Bevan knocked at the door of a very neat house of 
loderate size, from the parlour windows of which lights were 
lining brightly into the now dark street. It was quickly 
pened by a man with such a thoroughly Irish face that it 
wmed as if he ought, as a matter of right and principle, to be 
1 rags, and could have no sort of business to be looking cheer- 
lUy at anybody out of a whole suit of clothes. 

Commending Mark to the care of this phenomenon — for 
uch he may be said to have been in Martin's eyes — Mr. 
(evan led the way into the room which had shed its cheerful- 
ness upon the street, to whose occupants he introduced Mr. 
Thuzzlewit as a gentleman from England, whose acquaintance 
te had recently had the pleasure to make. They gave him 
relcome in all courtesy and politeness; and in less than five 
linutes' time he found himself sitting very much at his ease, 
ly the fireside, and becoming vastly well acquainted with the 
rhole family. 

There were two young ladies — one eighteen; the other 
wenty — both very slender, but very pretty; their mother, 
rho looked, as Martin thought, much older and more faded 
han she ought to have looked ; and their grandmother, a little 
harp-eyed, quick old woman, who seemed to have got past 
hat stage, and to have come all right again. Besides these, 
here were the young ladies' father, and the young ladies' 
xother; the first engaged in mercantile affairs; the second, a 
ttudent at college, — both, in a certain cordiality of manner, 
like his own friend ; and not unlike him in face, which was no 
peat wonder, for it soon appeared that ho was their near rela- 
tioiL Martin could not help tracing the family pedigree from 
the two young ladies, because they were foremost in his 
Uioo|^ta; not only from being, as idforesaid, very pretty, but 

of their wtttfiBg m h a cB lwIy «hB 
■•ifinl to * (UrtncUnit •xtonL 

<W U no OlwU Uud it VH • MIIBihWM MHtiafeM 

..rfUMe to fa* ritliog in « mu^ wpU-farai ri iiJ nMfc «■ 
dMKrfnl fin, and ftO) i>( rahoo* fli— I Awirt 
dtalg foor null vIhim, umI Uw Uka UMMMAirfdkl 

in^ UHl-^jru^ whj oolt — Ibo feel aad l^» ikMwi 
ihriawL And thnn ii im diMiItt that SUrtw wm ■«■ 
nil dWpoMd lo n<|»nl hi* |>i«ili<)ti in thai tipM^ dtai 
VmbbI npamBM of Mw Henw, unl of Mtm. I^wkiM'* \ 
ing ttotue. Tli« OMtfnitwiMW was UmI b* aa^ Ui>^ 
■P*<i!*Mp intk-nl , ami \ij Uw Uom Um tna aftd ea*» ■ 
(with ■wmI (•raaen'M^ and eiuuiiim iM n i fcM im iM M^ 
in a higldjF genial atal^ and wieh iiliMii ty lk> ' 

Aiiiithrr Jrlightful drcumalaaea tdnwd «p farfioM Ih 
cu|i i>f tt-a wiw tlnink. T)m< wIi>iI« fauilv bad U«« ■ 
I:tli-I. Thrr.- w:i» It |.l.'n.-^ti.t tl.iii);! | M.rlin wm c 4 
HI .-l..i .1 llii-, >«li.u h.- (■■■111.! tl..t llio ir,.- ..: ■ . 
link.-. l..t.!-. M..-..'ii,l-. riMr.|n.-".. .|r.i. , i.r... .■.. 


liad said to the marchioness, and of what the marquess and 
marchioness had both said, when they said that upon their 
words and honours they wished Mr. Norris the father and 
Mrs. Norris the mother, and the Misses Norris the daughters, 
and Mr. Norris, Junior, the son, would only take up their 
permanent residence in England, and give them the pleasure 
of their everlasting friendship, occupied a very considerable 

Martin thought it rather strange, and in some sort inconsist- 
ent, that during the whole of these narrations, and in the very 
meridian of their enjoyment thereof, both Mr. Norris the 
father, and Mr. Norris, Junior, the son (who corresponded, 
every post, with four members of the English Peerage), en- 
larged upon the inestimable advantage of having no such arbi- 
trary distinctions in that enlightened land, where there were 
no noblemen but nature's noblemen, and where all society was 
based on one broad level of brotherly love and natural equality. 
Indeed Mr. Norris the father, gradually expanding into an ora- 
tion on this swelling theme, was becoming tedious, when Mr. 
Bevan diverted his thoughts, by happening to make some cas- 
ual inquiry relative to the occupier of the next house; in 
reply to which this same Mr. Norris the father olwerved that 
^'that person entertained religious opinions of which he 
couldn't approve; and therefore he hadn't the honour of 
knowing the gentleman." Mrs. Norris the mother added 
another reason of her own, the same in effect, but varying in 
words; to wit, that she believed the people were well enough 
in their way, but they were not genteel. 

Another little trait came out, which impressed itself on 
Martin forciWv. Mr. Bevan told them a]x)ut Mark and the 
negro, and then it appeared that all the Norrises wore aboli- 
tionists. It was a great relief to hear this, and Martin was so 
much encouraged on finding himself in such company that he 
expressed his sympathy with the oppressed and wretched 
blacks. Now, one of the young ladies — the prettiest and most 
delicate one — was mightily amused at the earnestness with 
which he spoke ; and on his craving leave to ask her why, was 
qnite unable for a time to speak for laughing. As soon, how- 
ever, as she could, she told him that the negroes were such 
a funny people — so excessively ludicrous in their manners 
and appearance — that it was wholly impossible for those who 

ura AXD AimsmmaM or 


w»)l to Muriat* Klf Mfiow 

m ,—> of Ike mvtMi. Mr. Kom* tW Mfa«. «mI 1 

< Om muili'^r, iu>d Mi» Sorria tli* ««•«. ud Mf . Jh 

t, Uw bnitlMir, anil ma Un. 3Ii«m, 8n«M. lb ^ 

wt. wtn mil of tiiia ofitoiwi. nd hM it 4»»a w a • 

Bottar nf fort— u If tlwn w«n wAUim fai iigiii 

ilgb it WMV u rinlieulooa,* phj-aioftllr, ■• thm »«« yM 
ipaa, iir, nxmllj, u Um mililMl Nuuud iiwiBg kriMa 

**Ib tkort," hUI Mr. Nnrm th* falW, •*UUi« Uw «■ 
mtnftefaljr, "thrfv U « natnral Mtipalhy Iwli—i IW bm 
"KxlHMling," Mill M>rim'« (rirtwl, in a luw ratm, 'tt 
rilwl nl toctum, uiJ Um IwfgBiii and mU ttf uih^ f 

Mr. Xanfa Um WW aul bsUu^ bnt fai aad* • ^17 
snd du>t(w| hi* (In^ra m llamM miRht afUr 1 illwf *l 
Yoriek'ii ultii)!; jimt m thiiiigh hf had ttiat noArttt ta«d 

m-KTM, nn.l M.itK' r.l th- l.h.'k hn.l off i>|..n tut W»k. 

Ii> ..r.|.r il...r il,.-ir Uk iu..-(.r f.ll ..-.m ..i,. .-.. 1 
].l.-.,..iiil .)i..Tin.l. M.rlin iirM|,,-| ih- .ii'.j..-l. -■■(. . ^ 

111.- l.-l ..f .■l--Hn-l.M,-.-. .-.U.l .I.-UI1 ,,l K. ' ■. 

V-iiici;: l.i.ii.-. «li. ».r- *.-rv .iHir-l 11. ..■■. ■-■ 
(m1 .■,.| .ml K.v! .v-rv .<rlirl,- ..f .ir.-« ..i. t^ . ...- , . 
niv.. ..■.,1- ;i. ll,.- lull.' -li— .ir..! Ill- thii, .ilk .;.^t -,.- 

ii,.i r.'.nArk»l I'. - — - . -1 


They sang in all languages — except their own; — Grennan, 
French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swiss; hut nothing na- 
tiTe; nothing so low as native. For, in this respect, lan- 
guages are like many other travellers — ordinary and common- 
|dace enough at home, hut specially genteel ahroad. 

There is little douht that in course of time the Misses Norris 
would have come to Hehrew, if they had not heen interrupted 
bgr an announcement from the Irishman, who, flinging open the 
door, cried in a loud voice: — 

" J iniral Haddock!" 

"My ! " cried the sisters, desisting suddenly. "The general 
oome hack ! " 

As they made the exclamation, the general, attired in full 
oniform for a hall, came darting in with such precipitancy that, 
hitching his hoot in the carpet, and getting his sword hetween 
his legs, he came down headlong, and presented a curious little 
bald place on the crown of his head to the eyes of the aston- 
iahed company. Nor was this the worst of it; for heing rather 
corpulent and very tight, the general, heing down, could not get 
Qp again, hut lay there, writhing and doing such things with 
hia boots, as there is no other instance of in military history. 

Of course there was an immediate rush to his assistajioe; 
and the general was promptly raised. But his uniform was so 
fearfully and wonderfully made that he came up stitf and with- 
out a bend in him, like a dead Clown, and had no command 
whatever of himself until he was put quite flat upon the soles 
of his feet, when he became animated as by a miracle, and 
moving edgewise, that he might go in a narrower compass and 
be in less danger of fraying the gold lace on his epaulettes by 
brushing them against anything, advanced with a smiling visage 
to salute the lady of the house. 

To be sure, it would have been impossible for the family to 
testify purer delight and joy than at this unlooked-for appear- 
ance of General Fladdock! The general was as warmly re- 
ceived as if New York had been in a state of siege and no 
other general was to be got, for love or money. He shook 
bands with the Norrises three times all round, and then re- 
newed them from a little distance as a brave commander 
might, with his ample cloak drawn forward over the right 
ihoalder and thrown back upon the left side to reveal his 
manly breast 


un AXD jLomruKii or 


u uD I, thao," erioil Uw g 
K aptriU of lajr oMtnlij I " 
'm," Mill Mr. KoRi* Um laUMr. "Hn* «• a^ | 

1.01111 all the NfirriaM pi— iil tomad Iha yaanl. tMi 

i Ititw lie IimI CQJiijrtil hUH«U in f««l9l pBiH «■< ^ 
4r and abora all, (o wtut vitoat h* had b«a^ M^ari 

lif^U. wl fauuDvii^ In wIkwi iha paofk <i Ui^ hiMg 
MNmtHio hull deligliL 
"Vi^n, Ikrji, Uoo'l a«k ma." Mid Ik* >■— l.hja^n 
nd " 1 wiu unonft '•ni all tlw tin*, wid !««• gtt p 
odiiiaIi iu my Imnk wMi 1117 ummm priHtod ** — W bwMI 
Toka and wu vorjr impnaMve Tiin "a—g Ik* kataa 
amn. lint, uh, Ibn ojDvantiHHlhM* cd tkat a-mmbi 

"All!" crinl Mr. Knrru Ihr father, fri*U)ft tiia b*wd • 
ni.rliolv 'ImK'', >,t,.| l-Vmn lo»'„r.|. M^irtiii ■^. tl. .:.->. >^ * 
Kiv. -I ...111 .1.1.^ It, .ir. 1 « if 1 ...■.:! ■■ 

'■■■n.r luhH-l .h1|.|-| "f :. ...>.r,l -.....■ ;:, th.; -.-■ 
.■x.-l.mi..-.l 11..- -Tl..' ^.1- I 4 n...r.l : .- ■ 

■ .\h: 

Jdi'-i . 

th.. N..I 

-1 liriv 
..111 l-iii^- 1.- ,\.-i --n I 
lliMt;ii.ili..!i ..f ^ -ir. 

:,.h..,.,.,. .1,.- .. 

,. ..Itlll. 1^ I.V 

■;.-l Mr N rr.- tl..^ (ill--: 
■: ■T I II. tt:.' .-vr.--. K 



The general seemed at a loss to understand why his having 
come home in the Screw should occasion such a sensation, nor 
did he seem at all clearer on the subject when Mr. Norris, 
iutioducing him to Martin, said: — 

A fellow-passenger of yours, I think f " 
Of mine ! '' exclaimed the general ; " no ! " 

He had never seen Martin, but Martin had seen him, and 
reoognisod him, now that they stood face to face, as the gentle- 
man who had stuck his hands in his pockets towards the end 
of the voyage, and walked the deck with his nostrils dilated. 

Everybody looked at Martin. There was no help for it. 
The truth must out. 

I came over in the same ship as the general," said Martin, 
bat not in the same cabin. It being necessary for me to 
observe strict economy, I took my passage in the steerage." 

If the general had been carried up bodily to a loaded cannon, 
and required to let it oif that moment, be could not have been 
in a state of greater consternation than when he heard these 
words. He, Fladdock, — Fladdock in f idl militia uniform, 
Fladdock the Greneral, Fladdock the caressed of foreign noble- 
men, — expected to know a fellow who had come over in the 
steerage of a line-of-packet ship, at the cost of four pound ten ! 
and meeting that fellow in the very sanctuary of New York 
fashion, and nestling in the bosom of the New York aristo- 
cracy ! He almost laid his hand upon his sword. 

A death-like stillness fell upon the Norrises. If this story 
should get wind, their country relation had, by his imprudence, 
for ever disgraced them. They were the bright particular stars 
of an exalted New York sphere. There were other fashionable 
spheres above them, and other fashionable spheres below, and 
none of the stars in any one of these spheres had anything to 
say to the stars in any other of these spheres. But through 
all the spheres it would go forth that the Norrises, deceived 
by gentlemanly manners and appearances, had, falling from 
their high estate, ''received" a dollarless and unknown man. 
Oh, guardian eagle of the pure Republic, had they lived for 

"You will allow me," said Martin, after a terrible silence, 
"to take my leave. I feel that I am the cause of at least as 
much embarrassment here as I have brought upon myself. But 
I am bound, before I go, to exonerate this gentleman, who. 


>titr rjng mp to kkIi watwlj, to iptila ^p^ 
h1biii«w, I awuro j^ra." 
ttli UmI hp nuwbi hi* luv lo iIm NuniM^ md 
9 ■ BiAD at Maw; very «■*! aitecBaUj, bfll 

"Omim, eome," aaU Mr. Nctri* tiw Ulkw, 1 

le fM» on Ui* hmbiUmI drcU w lUrti 

bft young noa haa Ui» nl^t fc>liaM • imlUmmmH rf «■ 

■nnvT, uid on May HugnHhrnoi of aoakl dNontiak !■ «4l 

I la ■ rimngsr io hb own cMinliy. Lai W Vflf* * I 
•^ralU a nMsl aciwn within bim." 

II UmI paottlmrlx innaatUDlie arttcbi, ■ ■■■! MH^— ^ 
i iwliva alalMiii-^n, orBUm, ami [WDpUalaaa^ «■ to !• I 
Uev«d, Aneriea <(uiu nunopoliaaa tfaa a^HMMlVt -— ff I 
pectUiarl; tiaiiHiiilir artkb Iw —ypinaJ I* tailBia • !■■ 
lenl loro f<r all mmkiiid, c«HaiBlr Martta'a wmM faM« ka 
jiut then, a dfttl of waking. Aa be atrad* aloan tkt *■ 
with Mnrk nt hi* hn-lit, hix immoral wnar waa in artii* «^ 

rrm.,.k-, «l,i.h It «:.- w.-ll r.t \,i. .-«!, .r-.l!: l;j:'r. ■• 
..V'rl>-..r.|. ir.- li.i.l -... (i>r ••-l-l .\.-«r,i. h-^-^-r. I'^U >- 
l-.piii 1.. 1,14-ti ,.1 tif r-.-.|l.>.ti...i ..f th.-« m-.l.!.!., -V: 
l.rnta -t-y l.hin.l l.iii.. <.i-l t>iriuu^: r.".i,.l rc.--.<;-,i. 

hi- fri....! I1.1 m, .|'iil. t ..( I.f. ith. 

[!■■ )i;. .,tir, ll,t..n;li M,,rtiti'-. ..Ii'l, ontn-.t;n.- I .1 
*nlk -l..»lv. » 1> rll.TlI f..I ^..t■,.■ milMll.-^ At i'Ofc-tt 

-«...i . — 

-I 1,..[.. v.'i .■v.ii-T.t.. ni- in nrvth.-f --nw I " 

'■M..« ■!.. (..-, tM..,t>f :a.-l M.irtiii 

■■I h..|- vi .r.,;,! Ml- ..f iiii.n.lLii^- --t f..r-»-in^- th- irr 
.nIi..M ..f .-It I i-it 1-..|1 I ..-..f.-lv h.-.| a-L . ..., i(,a " 

■■S-.,r.--h, iti.l. ■-.!,■■ ...1.1 M.rlHi. -I .m W.- m f »»■■.. 
I.. v."i f T V'".r kHi'liH-.. »h-ti 1 liii-t «hit kinl .r.:;f ' 

. (n.i.'l I 

-i,...l. -ihM Ih'i .r- afcW 

..ri..-l(. aii'i ft.4 .l<-l«t *a.< r 
!•' iiiall<'t ■<! It I' 




"Yes, indeed!" 
Doubtless it is more ridiculous here than anywhere else," 
his companion ; " but our professions are to blame for that. 
So far as I myself am concerned, I may add that I was per- 
fectly aware from the first that you came over in the steerage, 
for I had seen the list of passengers, and knew it did not com- 
prise your name. " 

"I feel more obliged to you than before," said Martin. 

"Norris is a very good fellow in his way," observed Mr. 

Is he t " said Martin drily. 

Oh, yes ! there are a hundred good points about him. If 
jou or anybody else addressed him as another order of being, 
and sued to him in forma pauperis, he would be all kindness 
and consideration." 

" I need n't have travelled three thousand miles from home 
to find such a character as that,^^ said Martin. Neither he nor 
bis friend said anything more on the way back ; each appearing 
to find sufiicient occupation in his own thoughts. 

The tea, or the supper, or whatever else they call the even- 
ing meal, was over when they reached the major's; but the 
doth, ornamented with a few additional smears and stains, was 
still upon the table. At one end of the board Mrs. Jefferson 
Brick and two other ladies were drinking tea — out of the ordi- 
nary course, evidently, for they were bonneted and shawled, 
and seemed to have just come home. By the light of tliree 
flaring candles of different lengths, in as many candlesticks of 
different patterns, the room showed to almost as little advan- 
tage as in broad day. 

These ladies were all three talking together in a very loud 
tone when Martin and his friend entered; but, seeing those 
gentlemen, they stopped directly, and became excessively gen- 
teel, not to say frosty. As they went on to exchange some 
few remarks in whispers, the very water in the tea-pot might 
have fallen twenty degrees in temperature beneath their chill- 
ing coldness. 

, " Have you been to meeting, Mrs. Brick ? " asked Martin's 
friend, with something of a roguish twinkle in his eye. 

"To lecture, sir." 

"I beg your pardon. I forgot. You don't go to meeting, 
I think t" 

uri AXD AbTBimw or 

Ml k IhIj on tlw right of ICn. Briek ^m i iM 
t u mudi M to m; " / dol " — «^ lwiM4 ib* M Ml 
Bi|^t in lb« wmIl 
. ({Dod diaoourM, DM'uit" mkxi Um. fhii^ aMa^ 


I bdjr raiMil her bjm Id • fiiiiM ■■nw, •■■ «■■■■ 
I." Rbu bMl Imb mtKth MMofactod hj •>■• fM^ mm 
Ry doelrino, wlUah Mtubehmly li|iiiil «« d hw Ite 
jlfiHialuicM, uid quiU nUM Mcir !»■■*—> B« «| 
■« (OA, had Cw DuUhoiw nwjr howMl b U» riyill i; i 
VM tnoquU oa all acwwtnl*. 

'What umrw of betwias ava yoa ■W w rf i ii f BMr, aa'^ 
lid HattJa'a ffimd, tundns apin la Mia. BriA. 
"Th. Pliilo^tiliT ol the 8ottl — on Wadnaa^r*." 

"Oil >I. „!■.*-! " 

"Th« Philoaophj of Oima." 

"On Fridnvd!" 

"Thfl nii!.'»..|ihT of VpRt-UM**." 

■■ V...I t.iv.. (.,r-..|lrn Thurvhv- — ih- riiil.» .< U-w- 

! Mr., lin.k. '■TL.t . T■l.-I^^. ■■ 

■ ,ri-.l It,.- I, -Tli.- riiil-~].l.» .f M»:vr 

Thiir..|..i.. ..f . 

, Mr 


.vl..- ir- fill* 

■■IMa.Mi tl, 

K:;.:, .;..|,;„ | h...-. f.r !.■■ -.«■ llut tV Ivltr. n-.-ir!-: ^ 
. I,.: i.M .-.. il f,>.,-,r. tl. .1^1, -K.,! 1,.- h.vl .1 .fi. ■ — .r- 
.||..l.n,(';; . ,!.r.-|..ii whi. h ..i.; in It.-ir (»-..:■.• 

lliil . 

MI. .U, 

r...:,.- -Al.i.d l',.i v.-n --.t, hi .. Mr lUv.u, inf.-,.-! i 
thi! .i...r,.--,. .|,.L..rv «i- f.r l..„...lli ll.r ..^^\•.^^ n-w 
1',.... l-Ki! -..;.!,.:-, .,,.1 iImI ih- il..!!.-.-. W.-1V . l,.i:..irT-i ■. ■ 
;i..( T..;!K.-r .( M. ti.r.. . .-.M |-rf..r!ii tl..- r*.i".t ■ ^t^u 

■■I l..r .! ' 

■•l!,..,.'li »l,.!!i.T tl..v ti.u-1.' ri..| \w U\X,t ,t-.:;.\ .«! •■■ 

<-v„ .:,,;, „i,ir,i,„..>i. .- l,i>;tiii.k:-i.".II«. \i^ ■■ 
tli,«.. i,l^-...t.-.U.- Ii.- ^.1.1, -I-,.r .,n,..ii..t.. l«t I <»« ■ 


swer for one thing — they don't often cut themselves. De- 
votions and lectures are our balls and concerts. They go to 
these places of resort^ as an escape from monotony ; look at each 
other's clothes; and come home again." 

" When you say * home, ' do you mean a house like this t " 

"Very often. But I see you are tired to death, and will 
wish you good night. We will discuss your projects in the 
morning. You cannot but feel already that it is useless staying 
here, with any hope of advancing them. You will have to go 

'* And to fare worse f " said Martin, pursuing the old adage. 

" Well, I hope not. But sufficient for the day, you know — 
Good night" 

They shook hands heartily, and separated. As soon as Mar- 
tin was left alone, the excitement of novelty and change which 
had sustained him through all the fatigues of the day, departed ; 
and he felt so thoroughly dejected and worn out that he even 
lacked the energy to crawl up stairs to bed. 

In twelve or fifteen hours how great a change had fallen on 
his hopes and sanguine plans ! New and strange as he was to 
Uie groimd on which he stood, and to the air he breathed, he 
oonld not — recalling all that he had crowded into that one day 
— bat entertain a strong misgiving that his enterprise was 
doomed. Rash and ill-considered as it had often looked on 
shipboard, but had never seemed on shore, it wore a dismal 
aspect, now, that frightened him. Whatever thoughts he called 
up to his aid, they came upon him in depressing and discoura- 
ging shapes, and gave him no relief. Even the diamonds on his 
finger sp>arkled with the brightness of tears, and had no ray of 
hope in all their brilliant lustre. 

He continued to sit in gloomy rumination by the stove — 
unmindful of the boarders who dropped in one by one from 
their stores and counting-houses, or the neighbouring bar-rooms, 
and after taking long pulls from a great white water- jug upon 
the sideboard, and lingering with a kind of hideous fascination 
near the brass spittoons, loimged heavily to bed — until at 
length Mark Tapley came and shook him by the arm, supposing 
him asleep. 

" Mark ! " he cried, starting. 

"All right, sir," said that cheerful follower, snuffing with 
his fingers the candle he bore. "It ain't a very large bed, 

unt AID ADTKmntiit or 

Drnntit or ^^H 

iriibant iwA^ I^^H 
Uarir Willi ^i.*^^^ 

I, air: and a naa 
iMKiaal, all the WBl«r yon 'n got Ik i 

tli» tomri. Rat ftm 'Us 

* I f H-1 u if Um hoOM VI 
rixti wtwn ba roae ; " and i 

Lotil, I ham rnaauB to In I I aa^l lii hs«« faaaa fc^ % 
4wl 'a mjr OfHuian. Taka eai* bov yon g* ** — far ikiy i 

■ liiMlMtili thf aUit^ " Yin wwaUarf IW paUi^iM ak 

I Scnw aa hMl the var; mnall tnmk, airl " 

"TbaWlat! Ya-." 

" WbU, ur, thira '■ bvji • iitU?«T ol c^n r1 rtfcii hw 
malt kvaigUt, umI (Ikay 'n |)Ul outaid* Uw badns^ 4ai»k 
H 7>iq Ukn DotM* a* WK ga np, what » vaay |v« afeMt I 
■n. and what a maajr fraiti^ jroo 'D pnaima Ik* ay** 
hk |Mddn|{." 

Itnt Bdortin »w tn> w<«rr and dwiwdirt to ^b tev 
aiiythiiiti, Ol' linil no int<-m4 in thU dwciivrnr. Mr Tif 
nolhiii^ iliu-)i<^l )>v 111" iixliffiTi-iin-, nuiiliirtnl htm lo ib* bi 
til.' !,."!-.■, ..i>.i II, t.. III. ]..\: iMri.I.T |.r. i-ir.-l f r K:- — -:< 
whirl, tt,L. 11 i.'iv 1,1(1. t.,.n..» I,-.-.,. «,Il, I...I; , - ■ : . 
n ).'.l~tr.„l liW.' a.>..-t »]tl,<'iil .. I:.l I<*. .')..., r. ,.■■ r 


l.,M,-l>m.|.t I., Kh^l.uri. :, lull. 
.1-1 .1 ».i-l,nii.- 1..11.. witl 
i.,i-tA.'>i r-r .. 11,111. i-.t 

I.-. -ir. »ti.(. \.-i -. 
.-!,.. -..I ., v-n l.r-- ! 

|.l" ..111 Martin 

■■ 1,.. .iu-».-t, ii«-ti-U i4ui^,-.B 


into the mixture — which caused a pleasant commotion among 
the pieces of ice — and signifying by an expressive gesture that 
it was to be pumped up through that agency by the enraptured 

Martin took the glass, with an astonished look; applied his 
lips to the reed; and cast up his eyes once in ecstasy. He 
paused no more until the goblet was drained to the last drop. 

"There, sir!" said Mark, taking it from him with a trium- 
phant face. " If ever you should happen to be dead beat again, 
when I ain't in the way, all you 've got to do is to ask the 
nearest man to go and fetch a cobbler." 

" To go and fetch a cobbler ? " repeated Martin. 

" This wonderful invention, sir, " said Mark, tenderly patting 
the empty glass, "is called a cobbler. Sherry cobbler when 
you name it long; cobbler, when you name it short. Kow 
you 're equal to having your boots took off, and are, in every 
particular worth mentioning, another man." 

Having delivered himself of this solemn preface, he brought 
the bootjack. 

^'Mind! I am not going to relapse, Mark," said Martin; 
"but, good Heaven, if we shoidd be left in some wild part of 
this country without goods or money ! " 

" Well, sir ! " replied the imperturbable Tapley, " from what 
we 've seen already I don't know whether, imder those cir- 
cumstances, we should n't do better in the wild parts than in 
the tame ones." 

** Oh, Tom Pinch, Tom Pinch ! " said Martin, in a thought- 
ful tone ; " what would I give to be again beside you, and able 
to hear your voice, though it were even in the old bedroom at 

" Oh, Dragon, Dragon ! " echoed Mark cheerfully, " if there 
wam't any water between you and me, and nothing faint- 
hearted-like in going back, I don't know that I mightn't say 
the same. But here am I, Dragon, in New York, America; 
and there are you in Wiltshire, Europe; and there 's a fortune 
to make. Dragon, and a beautiful young lady to make it for; 
and whenever you go to see the Monument, Dragon, you 
must n't give in on the doorsteps, or you '11 never get up to 
the top!" 

"Wisely said, Mark," cried Martin. "We must look for- 

KU tlw Rtorj-limki w nm I m^ wit, A» fiql 
«. lackroUwu ti)n«l talo flhnw,** ivfJ^ N«4 , * 
opininn >lwa]r« wm, UmI Um^ t«aa^ U m Ibmri 
it Moreil 'm rinht I wWi yen good Bifh^ a^ 
«nt ilnaiiu ', " 

rb^y niut be ct honw. Umd," Mid Hartta. a* W lif 4 

*'8a I h;, Un," whUpeiwl Mark Taplajr, wba* hi M 

Wiring and i& hit own mum; "fur if IbM* doal aM 

a tfon wt) 'n wnO out r4 Ibii, whni Ihm H ta • I 

■«n credit in kaapiag up <»•'• jottitjr, I 'n a Tnlad 9h 

Laariag tbam to Uoad and nin^r in thmr •'•'p iW '^ 
«l ot^Kta afar nff, aa tbvjr tak* fanUalic ihiy «pMi ik» I 
in tha iliip Ugtil of tboujtbt witbuat rantnt, ba )» tfea |Hl 
thia •light clinmicU- — a dream within a diaaa — aa fli^l^ 
change the acene, and cnat tba oeem to 




Change begets change. Nothing propagates so fast. If 
a man habituated to a narrow circle of cares and pleasures, out 
of which he seldom travels, step beyond it, though for never so 
brief a space, his departure from the monotonous scene on 
which he has been an actor of importance would seem to be 
the signal for instant confusion. As if, in the gap he had left, 
the wedge of change were driven to the head, rending what 
was a solid mass to fragments, things cemented and held to- 
gether by the usages of years burst asunder in as many weeks. 
The mine which Time has slowly dug beneath familiar objects 
is sprung in an instant, and what was rock before becomes 
but sand and dust. 

Most men, at one time or other, have proved this in some 
degree. The extent to which the natural laws of change 
asserted their supremacy in that limited sphere of action which 
Martin had deserted, shall be faithfully set down in these 

" ^^^lat a cold spring it is ! " whimpered old Anthony, draw- 
ing near the evening fire. "It was a warmer season, sure, 
when I was young ! " 

" You needn't go scorching your clothes into holes, whether 
it was or not," observed the amiable Jonas, raising his eyes 
from yesterday's newspaper. "Broadcloth ain't so cheap as 
that comes to." 

" A good lad ! " cried the father, breathing on his cold hands, 
and feebly chafing them against each other. " A prudent lad ! 
He never delivered himself up to the vanities of dress. No, 

"I don't know but I would though, mind you, if I could do 
it for nothing," said his son, as he resumed the paper. 

un Axo APTmrrvia or 
khl" chuckM tbo old BML "</: iadi 


'Lrt tho lin fapfcrMMl Hr. Joam, liiifTBH ha kM^ 
ml'* huKl in Uie UM> of tb« jnkm, "Ud j«« mim' 
M to wuit in jniur old ig^ Uut yon taiku In w«*hg Hal 
"Tlutn '■ not tinw tnr Uiat, Jtmm," awd lb« «U mm. 
" Ni.t tinw Un whiU T " Imwka kU Ulr. 
" for mr b* Mine In irsciL I wbb that* wa»t* 
" Yuu alintTB wcrv m Mlftah ta old Mwfa h MmJ WM 
aiM, in a vnioe (>*> lnw h>r bin bi Iwar, ittd lookisf rf M 
<1) ui «oirTy f pjirn. " Voq act up to jrmir r Imim m V 
a]4i>'t luioil onwing tu want, wuuUm'I jim! 1 da*a 
a wouU n't. Ami ;our awn IIimIi mai Uood ■jj^i m^ i 
-aal tuM^ migUt thej, lur MjrtJiiiig jon au«d I Uk J^ |i 

Aftov IU« dutiful miOnm, ho UmkVm taMiy te tbkM 
— fo* that bmI wm in |>n«mw, uid tha ttthtt •»! ■« « 
Chuffi-y wt-n- [nrlakiTa i>f it. Tlirn, lunkintt atrwlfwdf tf b 
fallicr. ^iTi-l ■■tn|.|ijii){ now aii>l tln'ii l.i ntrrv ■ ■t>>«ful J b* I 

lii^ li|>-. Ii- |>r i.-.| in 111.' ■-.■111.' t. '[!.'. Ihn- - 

-Wirit. i».|...i: V.,M r- ,. ni.-.- ..1.1 Ti...n |.. ►. v^..^; 

wiinl ..1 till- ti f .i,.N, It-viiihiu^ t.. Ulk .f ^..i-.. .-- ■ 

Wi'll. l.l-l.t. ■ lli-f 1-11 1 till-- r N... I .h...,;i ■..!,. 


I1.-.I / I.T...* ■ 

i„.i, .,i,.i -till . 

I.h I .l.,l.. .-i T.llll.i .1. ll,V..- U .T.E. ^ 

ntl.l* \V1.,, 1 ..-. j; 


cate of pronoancing. He pursued the theme no further; for 
ChufTey, somehow discovering, from his old comer hy the 
fireside, that Anthony was in the attitude of a listener, and 
that Jonas appeared to he speaking, suddenly cried out, like 
one inspired : — 

" He is your own son, Mr. Ghuzzlewit. Your own son, sir ! " 

Old Chuffey little suspected what depth of application these 
words had, or that, in the hitter satire which they hore, they 
might have sunk into the old man's very soul, could he have 
known what words were hanging on his own son's lips, or what 
was passing in his thoughts. But the voice diverted the cur- 
rent of Anthony's reflections, and roused him. 

** Yes, yes, Chuffey, Jonas is a chip of the old block. It 's 
t very old block now, Chuffey,'' said the old man, with a 
strange look of discomposure. 

"Precious old," assented Jonas. 

"No, no, no," said Chuffey. "No, Mr. Chuzzlewit Not 
old at all, sir." 

" Oh ! He 's worse than ever, you know ! " cried Jonas, 
quite disgusted "Upon my soul, father, he's getting too 
bad. Hold your tongue, will you ? " 

He says you 're wrong ! " cried Anthony to the old clerk. 
Tut, tut!" was Chuffey 's answer. "I know better. I 
say he 's wrong. I say he 's wrong. He 's a boy. That 's 
what he is. So are you, Mr. Chuzzlewit — a kind of boy. 
Ha, ha, ha! You're quite a boy to many I have known — 
you 're a boy to me; you 're a boy to hundreds of us. Don't 
mind him." 

With which extraordinary speech — for in the case of Chuf- 
fey this was a burst of eloquence without a parallel — the poor 
old shadow drew through his palsied arm his master's hand, 
and held it there, with his own folded upon it, as if he would 
defend him. 

"I grow deafer every day, Chuff," said Anthony, with as 
much softness of manner, or, to de-scribe it more correctly, with 
as little hardness as he was capable of expressing. 

"No, no," cried Chuffey. "No, you don't. \Miat if you 
didf I 've been deaf this twenty year." 

"I grow blinder, too," said the old man, shaking his head. 

"That's a good sign!" cried Chuffey. "Ha, ha! The 
sign in the world! You saw too well before." 

::• izji JL5Z' attzsttees of 

* » - 

Ht "'tn-l Az-tl-.z.; -T«:c. 'Jz^-i: Lini as one might condortt 
\:l—'^ 1:11 —".v--!-: ■!-: :li =a=."* im. srlll further throu^lfli 
. vz- -_■ • i J—? "r^ii "Lju; ±i^T:r* :.:TirI* the spK't where Jonn 
r-iz, u- :'^ i^-'ir: -^.zll TiT^ iin. ..5. But AnthonY reniia' 
:z^ . -".I ?'— LL- j'—ri.- l-i rrliirii Lis hoLl by slow degwa 
^1 -il*-^'- — -• ^ "i-Ti-il ^iIt iz. tie ci:-mer: merely pntunj 
: :-_ j_r liZ.: i: -:^rril= n.! to-ching his old emplwa 
^rL'-' z. '—-. :-.!i- Li ""^Li :i.t -^^^rr. cf aaeuiing himself thit 

yis ' z^r -rr-us s; -r-.TT =i-:il iTLized by these proceedinp 
i^.: It .ill i -■-:l:r>r :r:: siir* at the two old men, until 
.l-f-- 1-*: ::-.t- .1.:.. li? -liTiil siAte, and Anthonv had sank 
■ji:. i i -r tI-.^ 1-: ^-itt =-:-r Te:.: to his emotions by goiug 
.-■sr: ~: :. "-It :.r=.-T T»^r?.:i."Or. and m;iking as though be 
-^ IL ^ ^"^- TJirliJLiv:. "viiL.L Lis head." 

"Ti 7 -'. "■-•rr- iiirrrt::^ : i. this game/' thought Jonas in 1 
*:r.-:— rvi 17. ":.r :!•= li?: far-: .:r thier weeks. I never av 
z-7 fi:!-: :iir >: z--ijl n:-::;^ rf Lim as he has in that time. 
'"^"-i:: T :>: Ir-^i:- L— ::-gare you, Zklister ChutfJ Ehl" 

2 .: *lLJZrj ~ii ii litilr C'.L^::;'-^ of the thought as of tbe 
'*•■::". 7 i'-- _■-:- f Mr. J'« cIv2.cheJ fist, which hovered 
: -1-- -'• 1: -1^ rji. AV-.-rz :.r Li-1 sci-wleil at him to his 
1- .:: ? . :.::z:. J :_i.f :■ • k ::.v oaz.<.Ue fr_'m the table, aL'l 
-_11.:,::« i^:. :1: j1^-t ±:r. ;: -iuowl a bunch of kevs fn^m 
"is ■.■:■:?:•::. '-V : : 1 . l -: : f : L r 5.r 'Li- <,* ] v.- r.eii a sec ret d ra wer in 
'.'... '-.-X — 7-r' i:.^ rt-r C:lilv v.:. as he did so, to 1* certain 
:_. .: V . :■- . . li-.z. '-tTt ?::_ :-^:v:r»j the hre. 

-Ll". ? ::,-'_: . -i •: v , : . * * s^i : i J >. ■ i: j s, pro p j n ng the lid of the 
*>'< ■-.:: •-::"- 1:^ : r^LrAl. .ir.d unfolding a jwjK^r. "Here'? 
*..- ■..'.. M ■>:-.: l'i -.r:". TLirtv pound a vear for vour main- 

:.:. .: .1": .7, 11.: ill :r.e rtst to his only son, Jonas. Yi'i 

::.-.::■.: :: •.':!. v.-.rf.:l: to l^ too affectionate. You won't 
^ : i::v::-:j -v i:. ^^'hA: s that ? " 

1: • •■< ?: .::lir.j, > A face on the other side of the 
^'. ■>i- :..::::: :: 1. ki::^: :ur: v.?ly in, and nut at him but at the 
: :.:-: ::: lii? L.::.:. F:r the eves were attontivelv cast Joi^ 
V,:- :: :'..■. 'ATitiL.^, jh.: w^re swiftlv raised when he crieti out 
T:.-. :; ::.:V :„■.: ;.:? ■ -.vr.. Ar.-i were as the eyes of Mr. Pei.ksnitt. 

S. .::•:::.« ::.■: 1: i ■. : :'::o de?k to fall with a loud noise, but nut 
forj^t::::.^ -jv^ir. thvz :■;• L'v:k it, Jonas, pale and breathess, gaitJ 
uivii this phaiitoiz.. It moved, opened the door, and walked in- 



"What's the matter?" cried Jonas, falling back. "Who 
■* iti Where do you come from? What do you want? " 

"Matter!" cried the voice of Mr. Pecksniff, as Pecksniff in 
^^^ flesh smiled amiably upon him. "The matter, Mr. 

"What are you prying and peering about here for?" said 
^fmas angrily. "What do you mean by coming up to town in 
^llis way, and taking one unawares? It's precious odd a man 
i*t read the — the newspaper — in his own ofl&ce without 
startled out of his wits by people coming in without 
^^otice. Why did n't you knock at the door ? " 

"So I did, Mr. Jonas," answered Pecksniff, "but no one 
I^eiid me. I was curious," he added in his gentle way as he 
^i^d his hand upon the young man's shoulder, "to find out 
^hat part of the newspaper interested you so much; but the 
^ass was too dim and dirty." 

Jonas glanced in haste at the partition. Well. It was n't 
'^eiy clean. So far he spoke the truth. 

" Was it poetry, now ? " said Mr. Pecksniff, shaking the fore- 
&iger of his right hand with an air of cheerful banter. "Or 
'^is it politics? Or was it the price of stocks? The main 
^shance, Mr. Jonas, the main chance, I suspect." 

"You ain't far from the truth," answered Jonas, recovering 
lumself and snuffing the candle: "but how the deuce do you 
come to be in London again ? Ecod ! it 's enough to make a 
man stare to see a fellow looking at him all of a sudden who 
lie thought was sixty or seventy mile away." 

" So it is, " said Mr. Pecksniff. " No doubt of it, my dear 
Mr. Jonas. For while the human mind is constituted as it 
iB — " 

"Oh, bother the human mind," interrupted Jonas with 
impatience, "what have you come up for? " 

**A little matter of business," said Mr. Pecksniff, "which 
has arisen quite unexpectedly." 

" Oh ! " cried Jonas, " is that all ? Well. Here 's father in 
the next room. Hallo, father, here 's Pecksniff! He gets 
more addle-pated every day he lives, I do believe," muttered 
Jonas, shaking his honoured parent roundly. "Don't I tell 
you Pecksniff 's here, stupid-head ? " 

The combined effects of the shaking and this loving remon- 
strance soon awoke the old man, who gave Mr. Pecksniff a 

I.IFK \nv Ain'KXTvitBi or 

lii^ wMmnp, wliieb ww oUntHitaliF ui put t* feM tl 

a ui •*« lliiU {pFDllvnum, uu) in ]mi t<> hi* valmhmg M 

valMitlT IumI imt jvl taken U» liaileod h« liad, halial 
oatctii, lUTiTHil in Ixmhn) Uw rmmim U Uw lite irfk4 
vMi • TvbM- n( baeon, w«n Mmd «p 1« U» «a*«iH4 
Md M Mr. Jena* li») ■ traabMM appotatMst ^ ik • 
HnM, bn (toiiiiMl iiul til hwp H) [rafaias to MMn H 
Cr. Prckioiiff cunld ttBi«b hb npwi. 
"Ami DOW my i^o-l ■ir,''aui| Ui. Vmtkmit W AMik| 
" DOW thni w# an aimn, pray Ull ■• wh« X on A> fca g 
I M7 bI'Mi'v ti>y»iuu I brlipva UmI ifor 4Mt bianl Ht. Oal 
H BrUiihytK-nlly ■[H-aktnic a ~ aball I hj • Aimhi I * fli 
llr. I'«cbaiUT viUi hi* awaalcat anila, ami kia hH4 vmy ■ 
OB oaaaUla, 

"BcumMrhansua," n>plied Antboay, "mtmwm* 

"Wbv thrn," Mh) Mr T'^kMuff. "1 will h> InU t* ■ 

with till' utniiwt Hymjnthv for hU afHtcUoDi^ mad tb* 0^ 

>i.Itiiir.ti..n ..( I!... ^.-.'Il.'i.t .,ii<.Hti.- *huh '\- ^y^ ^.f 

t-rm-l .. .ii. V Vnu *..r.- c,;,,^ L, . 1« n,. ::.. ., 

-I ' 

■■/ «,.-.- ^,..1 Mr l'..k-i,iir [iiil.1l I t 

. Mr, r.-.L.-iiilI, i.r-vi.-i.l. n.j« W . 
.M,.| ,irT.iiik;i.i>; I,,. . (.^r -h-n b- -« 

till tnilT Mil tik*: U ■ 


at Anthony's request, the old man sat gazing at him in 
pniooDd silence and with a perfectly hlank face. Nor did he 
m t em to have the least desire or impulse to pursue the conver- 
irtion, thou^ Mr. Pecksniff looked towards the door, and 
pulled out his watch, and gave him many other hints that their 
tine was short, and Jonas, if he kept his word, would soon 
TCtom. But the strangest incident in all this strange behaviour 
wis, that of a sudden — in a moment — so swiftly that it was 
impowible to trace how, or to observe any process of change — 
kis features fell into their old expression, and he cried, striking 
kii hand passionately upon the table as if no interval at all had 
tdcen place: — 
'*WiU you hold your tongue, sir, and let me speak t " 
Mr. Pecksniff deferred to him with a submissive bow; and 
aiid within himself, " I knew his hand was changed, and that 
his writing staggered. I said so yesterday. Ahem! Dear 

"Jonas is sweet upon your daughter, Pecksniff," said the 
lid man, in his usual tone. 

**\Ve spoke of that, if you remember, sir, at Mrs. Tod- 
pats 's,^' replied the courteous architect 

"You needn't speak so loud," retorted Anthony. "I'm 
lot 80 deaf as that" 

3Ir. Pecksniff had certainly raised his voice pretty high, not 
o much because he thought Anthony was deaf, as because he 
elt convinced that his perceptive faculties were waxing dim ; 
tat this quick resentment of his considerate behaviour greatly 
lisoonoerted him, and, not knowing what tack to shape his 
ourse upon, he made another inclination of the head, yet more 
afamiasive than the last 

** I have said, " repeated the old man, " that Jonas is sweet 
ipcMi your daughter." 

*'A charming girl, sir," murmured Mr. Pecksniff, seeing 
hat he waited for an answer. " A dear girl, Mr. Chuzzlewit, 
bough I say it who should not" 

'^You know better," cried the old man, advancing his 
wmmten face at least a yard, and starting forward in his chair 
o do it "You lie! WTiat, you will be a hypocrite, will 

" My good sir, " Mr. Pecksniff began. 

"Don't call me a good sir," retorted Anthony, "and don't 

TOL. I. 

tan AVD AprnrTTKB or 

K> ba Mie joumU. If jnor drax^bw *w * 
b.. tuve nw hDlMirv, ah* wmUn't du f<w Jmhk, 
whmt >bi! u, I think •Iw vflL Ha Higltf h* ^mIi 
vifft. Hbf miBht ran riot, eoalOMl dabta, awl w>rt* 
•UncB. Now whi-u I am <U«ii— " 

Hia bc» alt«n<l k borriUy w ha mU Um «m< I 
Pw-knnilf rraltv wv fain In Imik anntbar war. 

■■ — !; will '- «. • . f. r ri. 1. i:i .« - f ■' ■, ■! .;... 

IwMalira; for to be toanratad for gatti^ t^t tof rt h 
areo wbila I aaffar (or Ha aaqsiaiUoa (• floag iaio Ika « 
Mb of the atraeta, would ba iamppoctaUe loctarei. V 
tba old man boanelr, "let tlmt be aivad at laHl; h« 
aoatething gained, and kept bat hoU oC whM aomwk 

"Hj dear Mr. Cbtualawit," mid Mr. PmkanM, "« 
vnwholaaome fandea; qoita nnBaeaaaty, m, qaila 
lor, I am wan. Tha trath K mjr daw irii^ l^t y«« 

"Not iljins thmitch!" criMl AnlhouT, with ki^w^ 
th.' minrl ••{ n wilil niiinuil. " N..I x-t'. TTh-pt trr 
lif.. in 111- Wliv, l.-.k .11," [..mlii>i; i.. K.. f.. , 
•■|>.Mlh li.t- ti" n„-l,t 1.. I.-.,*.- hill, .uii.liii.', uil ;. 

Mr. [■.■.■k-Mi(f 1 

..[r.ii.t ..f t 

.11 [.r- 

..f I 

I til. 

I TliT-fT.. 1,.. -t,..i,„».r"l ...It ih^t .,-..1 ., 
■" .,11 i .i...i,.v, Mr. n,iitr.-v'. t.iri. t.. -M.T 
.11 ij- li.i.l l, ..f Mr. fhiilf^i. u. I 11,' : 
!■ i-ii. ..f Li,..«Mv -f tka K-i.'l-'i..u. i-r-t. 
n.-l III 1.1. ..«■!, niii,-i 1,^ * «.- lU 

' .1.1 ,^ 


-1 k.i"i» 1 
.1.1 .; -fM, . 

-..i.i ll M I11.UI. l--k..n;!.^- h.~ 

mU 1.- r.v l..-ir. .r.-iii. -;ll V r : 
V..1 ki...« th.t- .T..|i»* I. .-. 

.-..■■ lL...vlit Mr. "(.r . 

ri,..r.. n. ii.-v tli.n with hrr," .*, i 
:; I..l[. [,.■■> ;.. tAr f«T- ..( -K*! ih 


iping stock. But don't you play too fine a game. She only 

Is him by a thread; and if you draw it too tight (I know 

temper) it '11 snap. Bind him when he 's in the mood, 

Pecksniff; bind him. You 're too deep. In your way of 

ing him on, you '11 leave him miles behind. Bah, you 

m of oil, have I no eyes to see how you have angled with 

from the first ! " 
"Now I wonder," thought Mr. Pecksniff, looking at him 
ith a wistful face, " whether this is all he has to say ! " 
r" Old Anthony rubbed his hands and muttered to himself; 
iplained again that he was cold; drew his chair before the 
; and, sitting with his back to Mr. Pecksniff, and his chin 
down upon his breast, was, in another minute, quite 
^^^ardless or forgetful of his presence. 

Uncouth and unsatisfactory as this short interview had been, 
had furnished Mr. Pecksniff with a hint which, supposing 
Lothing further were imparted to him, repaid the journey up 
«Uid home again. For the good gentleman had never (for want 
^Df an opportunity) dived into the depths of Mr. Jonas 's nature; 
^nd any recipe for catching such a son-in-law (much more one 
"^«rritten on a leaf out of his own father's book) was worth the 
Slaving. In order that he might lose no chance of improving 
^o fair an opportunity by allowing Anthony to fall asleep be- 
TSore he had finished all he had to say, Mr. Pecksniff, in the 
^iisposal of the refreshments on the table — a work to which he 
How applied himself in earnest — resorted to many ingenious 
contrivances for attracting his attention, such as coughing, 
sneezing, clattering the teacups, sharpening the knives, drop- 
ping the loaf, and so forth. But all in vain, for Mr. Jonas 
returned, and Anthony had said no more. 

" What ! my father asleep again ? " he cried, as he hung up his 
hat, and cast a look at him. " Ah ! and snoring. Only hear ! " 
He snores very deep,'' said Mr. Pecksniff. 
Snores deep 1 " repeated Jonas. " Yes ; let him alone for 
that. He '11 snore for six, at any time." 

"Do you know, Mr. Jonas," said Pecksniff, "that I think 
your father is — don't let me alarm you — breaking 1 " 

" Oh, is he though 1 " replied Jonas, with a shake of the 
head which expressed the closeness of his dutiful observation. 
"Eood, you don't know how tough he is. He ain't upon the 
move yet." 



wikBM that Im WW ehiord, W4 to Unn* 
"tuer," awl Mr. FMkaiflL 
«*> oU 700 know kboat tt," r rfnm rf J«i« « 
Hu witli ft ■wlandkoly air. "Ila iwwv «■ bMt 
• BOW. Howftio Uurf ftUatkcMal Hov'aCkirfir 
Blooiniii^ Mr. Juaaa, UMMniDB." 
" And Um oUuir iiaa — liuw '■ alw I " 
"VoUtilo Ihfltfl" wd Mr. FwlnnlC Iw^ a 
"SluiiiwnU — ibvitwaU. Bori^ fna p«ian ta hi 
Mr. JvMM, Hk« Um tm; tUmaiaif fraa ^m* to fih 
Um UiUntfl; i ili|>ping hit jaaug baak lata ho- aoMil 
Ubi Uw littmailiiii^liinll AL! wm« sW k Uula 1^ fit! 
^ ia; ftBd had aha tiul tha •ktiiag qwUkiaa ol GW 

••I...:.. M.. tkrafaiikBdJwM 

" \V ' Mr. VtckniM, with p^ li^ 

m« t> V rl,iM. BMufe Imw aHte (^ 

apjicjini Ml. A HtranK« nouw Utat, Mr. Junaa! " 

"Sniii'tliiiit: wrong in tlip cluck, I •m'i"»*, " m»i 

Uliimni;; I..w..r.i,- il. "S.ilhv •>lh<i -w a-.u I > ■.: ii< 



Th- f..i,.l f,.lt,.r «ii« ftl..Ml I.. 

'n.-l 11.1- III.. f..rr I, 1...L of I 

' >o.:n.l I..' h:i.I'.i.|y notm'.l >.4- r<-|-^l.-l. 

■■I'l".!! liiv w..r.l. Mr, .J.-u^-s llul 1. a \-!\ -irr.. 
l.-k." -.11. i r.rk-mtl-. 

h »..;|.i 1m^.- l.-n. if il h...| 111...!.- ll-- n-:-^ -',..:. 
h.m. I.:i ,M..;!,.-t km.i of Uiu.:y,., .■ ^ x- f«i r.-.r. -^ 

ml (r-iii li,,! ll,.. r-.:i,.\ i.r..-.--i.-l A «-i. in. tr rr > 
■ n-li. ! L i.'^.L.Ji. .1 tiu,.. mot.. I..11.I u,.i f. rr ... . 
i\-u: \.iU--. u,,.[- il,.- h-uf- i,„^ f....i. r.-f :.. - .*. 

.-.k;Uk- I i. ii-.A -..* A.illi.TH I Kui/1. »it .1!.:..-; 

( II .;.ik u,-ii In- U--' l.-;i- i. ", 

II. h .1 f.!!"!! fr->:. ill- >[. .. I>I. ^,.-\ I.. I>. -.. > 

■ ( i 

if I 

.l.itliT.,- 1:, -- ;.l...-. .. 

M- .,.-.■. liii |.;.,i.iii,,: «iiL Niiur- v»,i.-; * - 

Il « ,.- fr,.;!Llf.l t I, .« t)..- pr;i,. H'l-- ■■( :.(-. *l.-- 

I.;. tiilL.t..i (:..:!... f ■:.M lik- .. -!t. r,^ .1.,,!. i 
rrl. L...1. ..1,1 t.ui 11. ..:.. 1.1,1 |.n~.u I...1-. A ^ -. 

11. ■ fill f 1,1. M^.rut. -!i-.irt;l;ii(; »''!t »■■ ^-'^'i^ < 


jpMwd; tfawvw and liiggpii took thalr hmmI p^»i «irt 
tetiR«d UmiadvM; trwlMBwa «t forth Utfir vkifa; li 
tad couUHr* wen na Um watdi : all kiniia (4 bsaM «iri 
itaore in tbi-ir irfenl wajra •« hanl to lira m Um «>4i 
man, who c^inilsLnl lut rinj icniu uf aan) in U» faal>^^ 
gbaa aa ca^t; aa if it w«n an *ai|nnL 

"If anythi^ lia{>i«wi, IVbtaitf," i»id Jman, "jM i 
pcomiae mt to alo|i htro till it '< alJ orat. Ya« ikdl ■■ 
I do what 'a ti^t" 

"I know that yon wiU & wkt'a liglm U*. J«a%' 

"Yea, jca, bat I won't ha donUod. H« m» iMI In 
in hia powei to ny a ajUaUa ay^Ml sm^" ha w/tmmL 
know bow paoplo wiU talk. — Jwt m ff ha «w»*» ^ 
had th« aeeret of keeping bin aliva ! " 

Mr. lV'k<inifr i>roni)w«l that be would rt^aia. if cw 
Ktoiii-i'M kIkiuIiI miilrr it, in tii* eatM-nml ttvnd't vfm 
.l,-u,l.|.., tiMV w.r.. tii.i-liii.t; lli.'ir iii.-«l in -iVi,-. <tvi 
.!.■!, h .,1. ,i|.|.,inl]..i, -l.-.l U-f..rv tl,. ni. -■ J.....;:. ■.. ■ i:^ . 
Ih,il .l-.i..,- -l,n.l.-.| ..)..u.|, iin.l T...-:i..i ,u I. r- : 

lll.i Antli.m. .ii. I 111 1,1- 11-1I..1 .1 tl.". -».::.;;- 

— l-M'l- tl,.. t..l.l.-. H.- l.MIi.'.i 111-11 lliv -i.. ,1 i-r ! 1... 
Urv friMri ..iM .-.1 til- (,i.v, uu-l ..t, 1,;. I. f!.^ -..^.j^ 
in 1,1- Ji.-'. .^■-. ..hi lr.,>-.| ]>\ ^.11 .l.ti,.!! tiii.--r ;r, ■.» 
.if.;.- ..f -". .1 i:i.ii III- l.r..w, wn. ..n.- -..rl — [Wti. 

-li.ij.r,. i II. i M..I,. I„.ll..»-, Ilk.- .1 .|...vl li;..i. . t.- Wi, 

».:■.;. I },,-.. -,:■!. i;.. I kri..«- H- -.-.m.-l I.. ,:!l,i . f :^ 

■...- ..,1.1 I l,..ll.v -I'-Cf 
,:r. ili.l I,- U I- >...11.m;.iu 

II- I.. I. ali.l hj»!s 




Mb. Pecksniff was in a hackney cabriolet, for Jonas 
Chnzzlewit had said ''Spare no expense." Mankind is evil in 
its thoughts and in its base constructions, and Jonas was re- 
solved it should not have an inch to stretch into an ell against 
him. It never should be charged upon his father's son that he 
Imd grudged the money for his father's funeral Hence, until 
Ibe obsequies should be concluded, Jonas had taken for his 
aM>tto ** Spend, and spare not ! " 

Mr. Pecksniff had been to the undertaker, and was now 
upon his way to another officer in the train of mourning — 
a female functionary, a nurse, and watcher, and performer of 
nameless offices about the persons of the dead — whom he had 
reoonunended. Her name, as Mr. Pecksniff gathered from a 
aeimp of writing in his hand, was Cramp; her residence in 
Kingsgate Street, High Holbom. So Mr. Pecksniff, in a 
hackney cab, was rattling over Holbom stones, in quest of 
Mis. Gamp. 

This lady lodged at a bird-fancier's, next door but one to 
the celebrated mutton- pie shop, and directly opposite to the 
original cat's-meat warehouse ; the renown of which establish- 
ments was duly heralded on their respective fronts. It was a 
little house, and this was the more convenient; for ]Mr8. Gamp 
being, in her highest walk of art, a monthly nurse, or, as her 
sign- board boldly had it, ''Midwife," and lodging in the first- 
floor-front, was easily assailable at night by pebbles, walking- 
sticks, and fragments of tobacco-pipe — all much more efficacious 
than the street-door knocker, which was so constructed as to 
wmke the street with ease, and even spread alarms of fire in 
Holbom, without making the smallest impression on the prem- 
wm to which it was addressed. 

^•d «■ tut putimbr wiwiiM AtHta^Omm 

Ml npilitlM pnriaaiBi^ la iMndno* i^iK • •« 

wlueh th* ui^« ti pMip ba fim (hrt ■*• « 

•mo^ in two sylkbK Ik* on* |i ii !■! I • 1 

eImimmI Art Mn. Oap lw4 aal Imb n«ite^ ^ 

^ had tw» «n>J art* <dik i» i I I' ■ i ^ k« 

ilo, Id MM* anotW frnfMiauI Mj wtlh hm «*ftoi 

I it iMppwad tint. bU HoU nf IslMH* is tki mm 

„^ Un. Qoip Ua ouw butM Niak to A* Mw d faw 

■d g«M to WL Sn, whrji Mr. Pkdniff dwM ^ ■ 

If the Uid-bacier kd haw ct km^ m W •^M«» 
hMB, thn« wouU hBT« bMB ao pMt hva is Ihb; h 
w oot, ud bk Aop WM doMd. Th* thattMB wm» • 
OMtaiBly; utd in ewy pvM ol glaM tlMn wm ai lirt 

tinj bird in ■ tiaj biH-«iga, twittcvinc ud hapfiat ha 

Uli-l tif ilnjuir, «nd knocking bu bM*l a|tmin>l the ^•>W ' 

oti'- <in1i.i|.|<^ L:'>Mlin.'li wh" hv^) ..iiui.l- 4 r*-) tilU '-.l 
lutii.- ..n tl..- .i-.r. .ifw th- »..t.r f.:r In. ...n .;■ :. ;. 

..t j-.i-.ii III 11 Slill. ti..' -l.-.r «iL- .(..,1. Mr 1'- i.i..5 

Ih- ..til -l..-.k It. .■-iii-mK a .r.i>-l.-l '. ■.: ;;... - V 
iii,.-l Mi.unif.lh . 11.. ,.n.- ....i;... T!,- U- ;-!,-. ■■ . 
.■^.-v >Ln.r ,1...", .,i,.i .. f„l.i..t>..t.I- h.iir-.!rr— t *:- ..- : 
1,,].- I..- )..-i '.■■], -.:,! f..r, .^IT.--, fr..m -A.- r,..;r-. -: ■ 
I...ML. 1.. iri', I l.T.i ..r .■il .i,.| oitl a U.|. l-,l i. . ■ - 

.■f .. 

. I.y 

' !■' 

.'f Inn 

.U..1 l.ri 

.■t ...-■. T.,:„i.t- . .tlii.v- ,. l.h "f .!i.;iii^-Mi-l..-t fi.> r.. ^ 

l'^"- f ';■"■'■' .!.rvl.W."i'li-n.-f.r1.. 

N,.I-,„. 1}..- .Lr. ■,.:,. l.iTi,... Mr IVk-t,itr. ir l!.- Ji- - 
i.t 111- h- irl. ,i:;;.-i 1,k ,-- If !■■ tl,- lt,--v.r. I ■;! ..I !•» 
.i..ul.l. ki,... 1. .^.rv -...ii.l-.M m tl,.. .tr-.l 1. ».-.- .- - 
f..m..l.. h....l-. ....-i ).'.■!. I,.- ,-..1,1.1 r-i-*! Ih- ...-f---^ 
wK.,1.. lr.-.|.. .f t,,.:ti..| Ml.- i-.m^ .U.'.: !■ Ir .- ' 
<Jiili.[i l!,. ■,-.'...-. ^■,\ -),..rlU I -jii... Il.-Vin^- r ..:.! l:- •■ 
.11 .fMM^ ...,l u.ti, .,„. .„,-..„i. ..,..i ,,th M,....- - ,i>- 
"K.,..:,.l IL. »u,.i.r. -ir, l.i...k»t t(,r -in.l<r l,<-; 


VmkmiM wB* a^^ 
U II I T iliu 9^^ 

d, nmriea and dtAed Mr. Ptaltatf ^ 
wiKD M™. <iain|> afip ~ 

1^ tu huatlu bur wiUi v«j titd« itiwiujt iato 
and dnte ulT, uTtirwhKliBid witli pifioW mMtfii^ 

Hn. GMUp had k bifB UiMUavttb %m.mfmdpi 
iad • BpMiM of gig umlnlU; Uw hMw wtkfa k aAai 
I Mtd ImI, «xe»pt wkan ■ drealw |atefc af a Bw^ Hi 
been (lutennialjr let In at Um Inpi tta «m mdiA •■» 
tba Wte die had imle, ami Ulimad udv Ife ^M «« 
viawi of nbridat^ wUek aba apfiaand to aoalo^id witk 

dnToning for Um ftnt lMtf>wiW to fwaa Imv l^p^ * 
ths Uttia fnmt wiadair, awl danoniiv *> t^ *>*«* to 
it in U» booL" Wbvn aba -waa diaabwad ^ Ite ifa 
wbola bring n«oln>l iUelf kato m abaarU^ auMf dte 
pattMu, villi which alia {ilayvl lutoManUa paas tf < 
on Mi. I'^-ki^aitTi l>v*- II *" not uMil lW« ««•■ 
ii|Kiii ihf hiiiue uf tnuuniing that «he haJ ftMHiyfa wp « 
„l„.rv.- — 

"Alrl -.. t!ir ^'■!A[.-m.m\ ii-,>.l, -ir: At.' T'- t 

II..' |.lf. ■■ -lir .ll.! Il't .l.Tl kll..» hi-,,- ■■ U -. ■. . 

«■.■ li,i;-.L ^.11 ,..iui' t... ll ■- ,1- ..■rt.LH, 4- \,:u^- '- --, ■ 

tl,..i u. ,..:rt m.,U ..ur . ..l.tihti.T- « -x^: \- 

SI., w.i- :i (..t -1.1 «..Tn.iii. lln. Mr- f.^r..]^ - .v » 

Mr .■ n;.. .,i,.l ..liU -L..«it.H lli.' »!..t.> .f it H.^.:.; 

Intl.- iM.'k, 11 ,..-1 li.r ~.i.i-- lr..Ml.l.> t.. l.-.l .■i.r l..r-.! 

I„,V -I. -., r,( ll ■ I,. «l,..iii »l- l.ill...|. M.. . :. . 

r;.n 'll. k .-.-uiK r.,il,-r tl.. «.t-.- f-t -w^tl. v. >. . .-..i 

U-i,i,.i ! r..-,..u.|. Ill ll..-.- .lil..!...U..i ..-.; :- ; 

■ ),■■ l:.l, ■ll !.iiii.-i|.|.'. .irr-.\..| K.-i-!f, iii... ■ .i I r -. 


..f » 



^nrita. Like most persons who have attained to great emi- 
■lence in their profession, she took to hers very kindly; inso- 
■nuchy that setting aside her natural predilections as a woman, 
Bhe went to a lying-in or a laying-out with equal zest and 

"Ah!'' repeated Mrs. Cramp; for it was always a safe senti- 
ment in cases of mourning. "Ah dear! When Gamp was 
Bommonsed to his long home, and I see him a lying in Guy's 
Hospital with a penny piece on each eye, and his wooden leg 
under his left arm, I thought I should have fainted away. 
But I hore up." 

If certain whispers current in the Kingsgate Street circles 
had any truth in them, she had indeed borne up surprisingly; 
and had exerted such uncommon fortitude as to dispose of Mr. 
Gamp's remains for the benefit of science. But it should be 
added, in fairness, that this had happened twenty years before; 
and that Mr. and Mrs. Gamp had long been separated on the 
ground of incompatibility of temper in their drink. 

" You have become indifferent since then, I suppose ? " said 
Mr. Pecksniflf. "Use is second nature, Mrs. Gump." 

"You may well say second nater, sir," returned that lady. 
"One's first ways is to find sich things a trial to the feelings, 
and so is one's lasting custom. If it was n't for the nerve a 
Little sip of liquor gives me (I never was able to do more than 
taste it) I never could go through with what I sometimes has 
to do. * Mrs. Harris, ' I says, at the very last case as ever I 
acted in, which it was but a young person, * Mrs. Harris, ' I 
says, ' leave the bottle on the chimley-piece, and don't ask me 
to take none, but let me put my lips to it when I am so dis- 
poged, and then I will do what I 'm engaged to do, according 
to the best of my ability. ' * Mrs. Gamp, ' she says, in answer, 
* if ever there was a sober creetur to be got at eighteenpence a 
day for working people, and three and six for gentlefolks — 
night watching, ' " said Mrs. Gamp, with emphasis, " * being a 
extra charge — you are that inwallable person. ' * Mrs. Har- 
ris, ' I says to her, * don't name the charge, for if I could afford 
to lay all my feller creeturs out for nothink, I would gladly do 
it, sich is the love I bears 'em. But what I always says to 
them as has the management of matters, Mrs. Harris ' " — here 
she kept her eye on Mr. Pecksniflf — " * be they gents or be 
they ladies — is, don't ask me whether I won't take none, or 

|H un urn ummtm tm 

f I vni, but Imv* the bnUk « 
nif pot in; '■I' t*> ■' If tm I AID •■> 4i*pognL ' " 
li* runeliuinn of thi» tlffrting iwmtiv* law^t Ika 

hoiMF. II. Iho immn^ Uiof ilBOMBtOT«d Mc Maril 

Ukei ; a tittl<- nMrrl; gifntkmii, hM, Mai te • ^ 

: witti • n.<to-hi>.li in bia hud, ft iBMrti ■ yM W 

an ilongling front lib fol^ •nil > fm ta wUek • ^wa 

jipt kt tiMiUndMly wm •! oilda wild ■ Mairil «f «riiiftN 

I Uwt be 1>m)mI m a Bwa mifilit, wbot, in tW rmf ai 

■uduBK Uia llfw mist diotn old irior, tried W Baht W 

it WM pbj-tii-. 

"Well, Mn. OuB]), ud bow ua ywa, Un. O^if t' < 
itui gonllctiuui, in a riHni aa aad m bu M«|t. 

" VnUj wall, 1 tbank juo, ■ir.'* diupplaf a «nf«M;. 
*• Ton 'U he ncj parttoikr lun, Mn. Om>|i. Ito » 
K flonuHn cMfl^ Hia. aMa|k Lh fnvTlUng W wj a* < 
mnif^TtiiHr, Mm. ^tlllI]{^ if jmi |>lrwr, " mh) thr naArtJ 
■hnkin^; lii* hi-ail with a Milrmn air. 

-It -lull I--, -'ir." -h- n-i.|i"l. "irtiM-Tini; acmiti '1 

kii..«. 111. ..f .i.i, Hr. r i».i-- ■■ 

■•I I|,,i,. .,,. t:..,. Mr-. (;..ri,is"«i.l t)»- .in.|-rt*k^ "t 
think w. ul-..." Mr-, (i^itii]. .-urt-'v.-l «j.-»in. ■■■pi.' .• 

lit tin- lii.-t i!ii]T-"H.- r.i-.!., Mr." \i<- rMiauiii".!, k.)-lr<«>.M 

IVrk-niff, r Im».- «■.-.. ii> lh.- -h-I.- o-yn*- ../ :i> ;<■■ 

N...,.l .■,,-».....■.. ■■ 

■■IrM.-.l, Mr M..uM'-- rn.-.l Uml ^-.^nil^m.n 

•■--i'l. li r.--r.-l. -ir, I n-i^r «w T>--f ■-■ 

Iiiint,iti..ii — th.-r.' i- p-ilivly \.. limiUti..!:,- — .-;»r._f .- 

h.i>. ..r.l.-'r-. -ir' L. [.ut .-t, mv wi..^ . .1..M:.>,T:rr.; ' ( c". 
»ii.| -!.■.:.. v-rv -[ Mr IV-L-iilff. tv.: I.. t=-r-.-- c ; 
.Irir.k. T.. |.r mI- m1«. r- [.Ul.-I K>r,.ll.-. 1 Ihr -..n '"t 
B.ri].li.ti. ..rt..iu. T.!-! >Mth ,iiii;.l-' li.-.i.!- fnm Ih^ s; -; -i ■ 
Mv.. .1,.- '1-. 1.. ,-rf.-.-llv yr-t-i-,- m fr,jl,.ni. Ir, -L r-, 

1.. ti.:ii ■-'.: -..:.,.if,n..- .V..i>;i. Iv ;:..r.-..Ti. ■■ 

•■^\^ fn.Tii Mr. .1 -r.v- i- .vi •■^'^■IMil mwi." ^A «• l- 


■■ I I..-.. -.-T, 1 .■■--I .!- il .f «liit 1. ftlisl in m. !■=-. . 
r' \| ■■.] I, -■ iT.l «h.l ,. MLl h..l I... ll 1. .-.;: ; * 
r. :■,. ,■,:-- ii,. i,:,.";..L-. ..( 1),-.- —n-l^ lUii M.'Ji.i, 


ed to reconcile all of us to the world we live in, never yet 
t under my observation. It only proves, sir, what was so 
bly observed by the lamented theatrical poet — buried at 
iord — that there is good in everything. " 
[t is very pleasant to hear you say so, Mr. Mould," ob- 
id Pecksniff. 

i'ou are very kind, sir. And what a man Mr. Ghuzzlewit 
sir ! Ah ! what a man he was. You may talk of your 
mayors," said Mould, waving his hand at the public in 
ral, ''your sheriffs, your common councilmen, your trump- 
but show me a man in this city who is worthy to walk in 
shoes of the departed Mr. Ghuzzlewit. No, no," cried 
Id, with bitter sarcasm. "Hang 'em up, hang 'em up: 
'em and heel 'em, and have 'em ready for his son againiat 
old enough to wear 'em; but don't try 'em on yourselves, 
hey won't fit you. We knew him," said Mould, in the 
biting vein, as he pocketed his note-book; ''we knew 
and are not to be caught with chaff. Mr. Pecksniff sir, 
morning. " 

r. Pecksniff returned the compliment; and Mould, sensi- 
)f having distinguished himself, was going away with a 
: smile, when he fortunately remembered the occasion, 
kly becoming depressed again, he sighed; looked into the 
n of his hat, as if for comfort; put it on without finding 
and slowly departed. 

rs. Cramp and Mr. Pecksniff then ascended the staircase; 
the former, having been shown to the chamber in which 
lat remained of Anthony Ghuzzlewit lay covered up, with 
one loving heart, and that a halting one, to mourn it, left 
atter free to enter the darkened room below, and rejoin 
Jonas, from whom he had now been absent nearly two 

e found that example to bereaved sons and pattern in the 
of all performers of funerals musing over a fragment of 
ng-paper on the desk, and scratching figures on it with a 
The old man's chair, and hat, and walking-stick were 
•ved from their accustomed places, and put out of sight; 
window-blinds, as yellow as November fogs, were drawn 
I close; Jonas himself was so subdued, that he could 
elj be heard to speak, and only seen to walk across the 


.•MlanilC Iw aid, tk • whfaipv, "twi AdI W 

j«l«li0B ol tt an, nJnai Ynu -UU b* »lfe I- 1>B ■ 

Ml taOu >bout it that vmjtthiaft *■• or^ncllj md 
ooMi. Tbtfa b B't U7 mi jimi 'd Uk* to Mk W lk« I 

"Nis Mr. .hnu. I Uilnk aoL* 

"Bmuw if tliflra U, ji<Q knnr," mii Jvaai^ "ad 
W« 'Inn't wuit to hmVo ■ (MTet of iL" 

"N(s" rr|iMt*>il Mr. IWkKuilT, Uut i 
tat tuit tlv It— <>>ili|(«a[ U> fiU m tl»t • 
Jtwr liticnl bu«|tiUlit7 ; hut thM* nailj U aa ^m^" 

"V«^ w«ll." Mid Joew; "tbcn ymi, Mid I. aad G 
ud Umi diBditr, will U jtwt ■ wachfuL W* 'D Imm II 
te, i'cfkniiilt, IvwiauM- Iwt luwnrs wbal w«« th* aiMi 
him, andUut itoouldii'tbaMiwd.** 

"When M ooT dear friaad, Mf. Chof aj t " M^ami 
lookinfT mund th« chainhn, and winking both Ua ayv ■ 

'•amp. wKn. ■!;•- 

-f..r W » 

Hut li.. 


"It is not a easy matter, gentlemen, to live when you are 
left a widder woman; particular when your feelings works 
upon you to that extent that you often find yourself a going 
out, on terms which is a certain loss, and never can repay. 
But, in whatever way you earns your bread, you may have 
rales and regulations of your own, which cannot be broke 
through. Some people," said Mrs. Gamp, again entrenching 
herself behind her strong point, as if it were not assailable by 
human ingenuity, ''may be Kooshans, and others may be Proo- 
ahans; they are bom so, and will please themselves. Them 
which is of other naturs thinks different.'' 

''HI understand this good lady, " said Mr. Pecksniff, turn- 
ing to Jonas, ''Mr. Chuffey is troublesome to her. Shall I 
fetch him down f '' 

''Do,'' said Jonas. "I was going to tell you he was up 
there, when she came in. I 'd go myself and bring him 
down, only — only I 'd rather you went, if you don't mind." 

Mr. Pecksniff promptly departed, followed by Mrs. Gamp, 
whoy seeing that he took a bottle and glass from the cupboard, 
and carried it in his hand, was much softened. 

"I am sure," she said, "that if it wasn't for his own hap- 
piness, I should no more mind his being there, poor dear, than 
if he was a fly. But them as isn't used to these things, 
thinks so much of 'em afterwards, that it 's a kindness to 'em 
not to let 'em have their wish. And even," said Mrs. Gamp, 
probably in reference to some flowers of speech she had already 
strewn on Mr. Chuffey, "even if one calls 'em names, it's 
only done to rouse 'em." 

Whatever epithets she had bestowed on the old clerk, they 
had not roused hint. He sat beside the bed, in the chair he 
had occupied all the previous night, with his hands folded 
before him, and his head bowed down; and neither looked up 
on their entrance, nor gave any sign of consciousness, until 
Mr. Pecksniff took him by the arm, when he meekly rose. 

"Three score and ten," said Chuffey, "ought and carry 
seTen. Some men are so strong that they live to fourscore — 
four times ought 's an ought, four times two 's an eight — 
ei^tj. Oh ! why — why — why did n't he live to four times 
onght 's an ought, and four times two 's an eight, eighty t " 

"Ah! what a wale of grief!" cried Mrs. Gramp, possessing 
heitelf of the bottle and glass. 

^■'un Ain> ADrmmmMB or 

^ W (li* Wtu* hit |XMr old, ovy MfiiMI*i 
if«ri ciMf-Iui; liin haii^ unl ItMikni op ■ ai^A^ 1 
UB UM!, uid wlitt rraiainal " 
r. Jiaiw^" naurunl tWAlJff, "Ml Joai^ i^ | 


1 lnT>!d him," crixl Um old att VMfia^ "Hawki 

tu. Wo Uuut Tan aiMl TM tofalW. « a^Mi tl 

■ down ODNv ■>' 1*'J*> in ^^ vUhiMtk doM. Oad 1^ 
Ml UMllUMhart U. UkohiiB ilonl" 

-Caam, Ur. Cliufffjr," MJd IV^MiC, *o^ «A 
jnaunaa u|i jmu firtltiMlot Mr. UtoAj." 

•■ Y«^ I will," ntunwd Um oU dak. -T«. I'V i 
ap my flirt J — Ufrw amay lUMo (la^ — Oh, Ckaalwft 
Son — your own 0011, Mr. OrauWwil ; jvat «"«« m^ ^i " 

lU ]ri>ld«<l (o Ibo kaad Itat Rnidsd Ub, m W kp^ 
UiU funllitf M^riiiuu, ud ODhBittod to b» M Miy. 1 
Okrai>, with tlir Uiltk on u«m kiu«, ond U>* glv* m Um 4 
Mt uiHiTi a iit4H>l, dtuUtinit b«r h«ttd for a kjng li»«, iMhV 
iii"in'!it nf nl^tnirtii-ri, fli" jiniirwl "Ul • ilnun at *jtn\t, 
Ml-. I It 1.. I., r li|... [t w». N-i,-,-.,Hi...! l„ . «-.ft I. .a: 
Uiir.i, ,.i,.| tluii li-r .■^.■H - .-ith.-r in th.- ^ - -f i-r ■- 
l|..ii< n|<>ii lif" ;>ii.l .l''..tli. nr ill li-r ii'lit<iMl>..i> .1 tl.' :.,> 
»->'r>- >.. lurii.'.! ii|> ,L< !■> I>- <|uiU- iiim>iM.' Ikt ttv •• 
1..T ImmI -nil. 

r.-.i 1 h;t!.v ».,. .■..ri.liirt...i I., til. acru.t..m.-l o -r-r 
tli.r.- I,. r.-ti.,iin-l, mLhI mirl .iiii..!, w^r .t l.«^ .r.ur- 
wh.i, li- «..iM n-.-. ,i:..l «.lk 111. .Ill tli^ f-.m. in.! .rij, .r ni- -w ~^,^„^.- -in.l .-i.i.l.i, rry. K* . - 
i>..k *K. ^ .lU ili[.'.' ~-il ..>.oit til.- )..'.trll. »i-I r.-<'! •> 
.Kr ,.! Mr !'■ . '-niir «..^iH li.iv.- « jH-.I ..tiI ii. tU "•' 
,;„,.. 1 .: .I.TL.- « ,- ... n.T-.- !■■ hi- Um»: .l-nt ( . . aa 

tli.\ Ir --i..l t.t.-.llMr 11, 111.- .Urk r.-mi. » rrl,,* * .. 

U,- v'l.'ht .'( t),,t »K>.h »ii^ .-ut. *ua t»4 •! 
:!i Ii,- .m(i1 ,-!i.>Tti1-'r i'>.w •t.iirs N< rni-li'^l ui-t taf > 
-T. :, .-. - ,: )..■ t. M I. .,. .,!!, ll,r :,,j,.i, Ihitin^ vtw »t.* 

!■! .. .ir- ,.t(-,l -11-. ..f ir. ],r.- .I.-.- il.'llii- K-um-. It-i -.tx . 
II..H., 1.. i -.;--i 1 -L.t,!- il -nK » lui.l fv-r »:«i .Uni3C 

ai> il 1,. f.iU> ). I.- \--i :lut t,'li..nil}- iiii^-rn .luicWa !&■ bM 


Did the fire flickei in a draught of air, he glanced over his 
dKmlder, as almost dreading to behold some shrouded figure 
fmning and flapping at it with its fearful dress. The lightest 
Boiae disturbed him; and once in the night, at the sound of a 
footstep overhead, he cried out that the dead man was walking, 
-—tramp, tramp, tramp, — about his coffin. 

He lay at night upon a mattress on the floor of the sitting- 
loom, his own chamber having been assigned to Mrs. Gamp; 
and Mr. Pecksniff was similarly accommodated. The howling 
ol a dog before the house filled him with a terror he could not 
disguise. He avoided the reflection in the opposite windows 
of the light that burned above, as though it had been an angry 
ejr e. He often, in every night, rose up from lus fitful sleep, 
iiid looked and longed for dawn; all directions and arrange- 
ments, even to the ordering of their daily meals, he abandoned 
to Mr. Pecksniff. That excellent gentleman, deeming that the 
mourner wanted comfort, and that high feeding was likely to 
do him infinite service, availed himself of these opportunities 
to such good purpose that they kept quite a dainty table dur- 
ing this melancholy season; with sweetbreads, stewed kidneys, 
oysters, and other such light viands for supper every night; over 
irhich, and sundry jorums of hot punch, Mr. Pecksniff delivered 
lach moral reflections and spiritual consolation as might have 
converted a Heathen — especially if he had had but an imper- 
fect acquaintance with the English tongue. 

Nor did Mr. Pecksniff alone indulge in the creature comforts 
during this sad time. Mrs. Gamp proved to be very choice in 
her eating, and repudiated hash mutton with scorn. In her 
drinking, too, she was very punctual and particular, requiring 
a pint of mild porter at lunch, a pint at dinner, half a pint as 
a apecies of stay or holdfast between dinner and tea, and a pint 
of the celebrated staggering ale, or Real Old Brighton Tipper, 
at supper; besides the bottle on the chimney-piece, and such 
casual invitations to refresh herself with wine as the good- 
breeding of her employers might prompt them to offer. In 
like manner, Mr. Mould's men found it necessary to drown 
tbeir grief, like a young kitten, in the morning of its existence ; 
for which reason they generally fuddled themselves before they 
b^gan to do anything, lest it should make head and get the 
better of them. In short, the whole of that strange week was 
a round of dismal joviality and grim enjoyment; and every 

TOI. I. 

■ unc Axp ADvtsmiaM or ] 

•- bonkwit'* i^v^ ttMtod lib ■ QktmX. 

niph tlw day iif Uw hUHOB^ |iin— • 

. Hul il wi^ urired. Hr. MoaU. wHk • glai «« pi 

rt faitnea hH ■y* hhI tha U^ lMM4^ita«lfei4 

Uuk ghM (Am Willi U> iiU wrtA te te wm^ 

^ ud ooaniMd witb Mnu Owipt t«« ■■«■ wtm «) 

iMD with meh « UiriTii« >ab in laad; IW vfcA 4 I 

aid's MtaMfahwMit wen oa dotjr vttfata U» ka^ « i4 
%; iMlhen wave^ kanea iMatal, liUs aad TBl»i<i k^ 

• v«d,M Mb Muold Mni^MtkdiUr nU,-«w;lft^« 

1*7 ooald do WW doH. " 

AaJ wka out to ann, Kn. G^pl ■* -' '» f tti t 
tetalMa; w bi aaplMd hii ifmm, nd wnintrf kto 1^ 
"Nnditav in Uw world, w." 

-KoUiJiY iD tlw wprM," n^MUd Mr. MmU. •r«ni 
right. Mm. <iun]L Wb; do proplt Bpcod ido** mimm' 
berr )»- till.-.! Ii|. ^([tu-* apiiii — " ii|->n ■ A^\\ Mrx <;* 
lb..ini]-.ii ,. Iirllil Com-'. Iluf- II, v-ur ••> ^ . _ii 
kh— ■, II. .« .1.. ^.■n .,.v,.unl t..r ll,,.l ii..- t " 

■■l*,-tl,;.!.- II 1- l.r,,ii~.- i>i> tih.i.ruk.r - rK.irv" - r^ :•« 
than a iiiir"-'» i lur);.--, i-ir." n,ii.l Mr-, liin,]. K-.-.ur.ui. ■ 
unii-.thiTii; .|..»'i> l>.'r n.'w M.i. k .In- »ill> K. r \^ U 

-Wx il..'" l...:K-i'-l Mr. M.-L.hl. -v..!, t^vr t™= ■•«, 
faMiiikr ;.i* - .-^i-n-- tiu- m..mir.i.-. Mrv l.ui; 
l;,il M.u,-, U tl,.' ;i|.i ..f ,1 llttl.- .l,.iMtifc-nU» m<:..-h li 
.,,.,..-,1... il,,l h.. 1..1..1 m..m, 1,.. o.m,.-.l lu. (.,;_-«. 

■■•SX.^.s - [),-■ l:iiir th;.l I'v.. n..t l.r-*kf.*t^t it -. ■ 
i.\].-ii^. il 1.^ ..f ^..^r kiii.l I..-. i..rii.[i.i;.,i:, .-., .:. : =1^;. 
th.. 11... I I.- I- 1.. .1.. Ill- m Uiu^ I.. r..r„..- .^ : V 

■!.l:-l Mr \\-:\\, •' y\--x^ I'r 


..l':i:,.„M M,.i.,i.[ont H^--. 

l^.-'k .ll 111.. ^■•I.ll.'TUUl U..U,t ..4 


''An open-handed gentleman f" cried Mrs. Gramp, with 

''No, no," said the undertaker; "not an open-handed gen- 
laiiian in general, by any means. There you mistake him; 
)at an afflicted gentleman — an affectionate gentleman — who 
oiawa what it is in the power of money to do in giving him 
elief, and in testifying his love and veneration for the de- 
mried. It can give him," said Mr. Moidd, waving his watch- 
hain slowly round and round, so that he described one circle 
iter every item ; " it can give him four horses to each vehicle ; 
t can give him velvet trappings; it can give him drivers in 
loth cloaks and top-boots; it can give him the plumage of the 
otrich, dyed black; it can give him any number of walking 
ifttendants, dressed in the first style of funeral fashion, and 
arrying batons tipped with brass; it can give him a handsome 
omb; it can give him a place in Westminster Abbey itself, if 
le choose to invest it in such a purchase. Oh ! do not let us 
my that gold is dross, when it can buy such things as these, 
Mrs. Gamp." 

"But what a blessing, sir," said Mrs. Gamp, "that there 
ire such as you, to sell or let 'em out on hire ! " 

"Aj, Mrs. Gamp, you are right," rejoined the undertaker. 
"We should be an honoured calling. We do good by stealth, 
and blush to have it mentioned in our little bills. How much 
eonsolation may I — even I " — cried Mr. Mould, " have dif- 
fused among my fellow-creatures by means of my four long- 
tailed prancers, never harnessed under ten pund ten ! " 

Mr& Gamp had begun to make a suitable reply, when she 
was interrupted by the appearance of one of Mr. Mould's 
assistants — his chief mourner in fact — an obese person, with 
his waintcoat in closer connection with his legs than is quite 
reconcilable with the established ideas of grace; with that cast 
of feature which is figuratively called a bottle-nose, and with 

a face covered all over with pimples. He had been a tender 

plant once upon a time, but from constant blowing in the fat 

•tmoBphere of funerals had run to seed. 

Well, Tacker," said Mr. Mould, "is all ready below? " 
A beautiful show, sir," rejoined Tacker. "The horses are 

pfooder and fresher than ever I see 'em; and toss their heads, 

they do, as if they knowed how much their plumes cost. 

One, two, three, four," said Mr. Tacker, heaping that number 

of black cloaks upon his left arm. 


-la Trrn thm, wltb Um tak* md wtevl* ■to< 

** Kaid; lo enow in at ■ nwunnl'i nolia^ iAr,~ aiij Tkri 
"Ttira," NjoiBed Mr. Uimld, pMtaig ap Ug «tf^ 
■odag al hlnwatf in Um UUb ilMTtm flM, ibrt U a^ 
« Ub hoe hwi Um righl wiydBc m ifc; **t^ I tM 
-v pneMd lo faiHb|«M. Qhra mm Um mot J gfe 
lur. Ah wba « bud U whI Ah TMh«^ IM^ < 

Mr. Tadnr, wlw fnm tiia fnal axiMrlano* ■■ tf» p^ 
■M* ol fnoanK waoU kava nud* ui nmOmt |mM 
Mbs, winked at Un. Ownp wHthnil ■! aU lialiiMlih^ tta | 
ii^ d hia eutmteiMiiee, anl (<iU<jwn) bia Bartar M» il» 

It ina a graal point witli Mr. UaM, bJ • prt i« Ito 

IWJonal Uct, not to aaota Ia kaow tb* doete — Ai^ 

fiMlilj t\\<y WT" nrmt tn-igKtj>Jur^ luwl trrj 'A*^ w ■ 
prnvtit inctann-, worki'd ti>ftpthpr. Hii b* advaand W t 

hi- l.Uk ki.i L-l.M- .V if I..- Ii..l «.■•.,-, ■.-.<, lu::. ;■- C ' » 
whll.. Ill- .I... l..r. .11 U- ImM. I...I..-.1 ,». .li.tiii: *:. ) .= -t- 
w if I,.' U.i'l ]...,r.| r>ii.) r.'ii.) -f uihl'Tt^k.-rv v.-\ .'..! :« 
ttKir -li..]^. t-it lii'l iKWT 1.-f..r. l"ii Lru^ht :r.i. ,■• ti= 

l^ll'itl Mltll "II-. 

■■(iluv- , ,),r' -,ii.i lb.-.|.-t..r. "Mr JWk.mff. »n-f . 

■■ I 1,1 lliink ..f It," r.-liim...i Mr [•.■. l^uff 

■■V..ii ..r- i.TV P--I." .^....1 It,.- .|..-l..r. ukinc * ; 
■■W.ll, -ir. .,-. I wi- ^iviiiK— I wi^ .-all.-t uj. t.. .itrn; ' 
r.i-- ,,1 ..l...,i li.,!f-|.v-t y-<l.Kk. Ukr »7>l w^. 
• Iii.h 1- ]-.i;r -n,...,k V..U." 

M:. I'., k-uitr t...k -.m.- «1-.. 

•M ..( h,)f.[n-l ..11.- ..Vl,.rk in th*- n-n-.nt. >•■ 
tMiu. I 1).. .1 .. ; .1, ■■ [ «,v- ,-.,11.,! up t.. .ut.-t, I tK»t -^ 
th- !it-l |.ill ..( th- i,v!it-l.l! I tnmM, iKr^w -.: li- ^ 
,l..», ml I'lt ..It u.v l,...vl. n..ik, rhl U« 1 '.-■ :I 
linl.t 'li,.; 11 I-. ■■ 

Mt r...-:.:r( t, ,Mii.- ).-Ti liL.-wi-- in.|.irt«l ,:.t. . ca. 
K..r:,..,.r. n,. .I.v.r r.-,m.-l:- 

■■ \:, i I :t . .1 11. V I,..,.! — W, . 
n..t i: :.. Mr l'-.L-i,itI. I l-v 

Mt t...ifT.«.!. a* 


**We are quite ready," interrupted Mould in a low voice. 

''Beady, eh I" aaid the doctor. "Very good Mr. Peck- 
iiii£^ I '11 take an opportunity of relating the rest in the coach. 
It *B rather curious. Beady, eh f No rain, I hope 1 " 
Quite fair, sir," returned Mould. 

I was afraid the ground would have been wet," said the 
doctor, "for my glass fell yesterday. We may congratulate 
oarselves upon our good fortune." But seeing by this time 
that Mr. Jonas and Ghuffey were going out at the door, he put 
a white pocket-handkerchief to his face as if a violent burst of 
grief had suddenly come upon him, and walked down side by 
nde with Mr. Pecksniff. 

Mr. Mould and his men had not exaggerated the grandeur of 
Uie arrangements. They were splendid. The four hearse- 
horses, especially, reared and pranced, and showed their high- 
est action, as if they knew a man was dead, and triumphed in 
it. "They break us, drive us, ride us; ill treat, abuse, and 
maim ua for their pleasure — But they die; hurrah, they 

So through the narrow streets and winding city ways went 
Anthony Chuzzlewit's funeral: Mr. Jonas glancing stealthily 
oat of the coach-window now and then, to observe its effect 
upon the crowd ; Mr. Mould, as he walked along, listening with 
a sober pride to the exclamations of the by-standers; the doc- 
tor whispering his story to Mr. Pecksniff, without appearing to 
come any nearer the end of it; and poor old Chuffey sobbing 
unregarded in a comer. But he had greatly scandcdised Mr. 
Mould at an early stage of the ceremony by carrying his hand- 
kerchief in his hat in a perfectly informal manner, and wiping 
his eyes with his knuckles. And as Mr. Mould himself had 
■aid already, his behaviour was indecent, and quite unworthy 
of such an occasion, and he never ought to have been there. 

There he was, however; and in the churchyard there he was, 
also, conducting himself in a no less unbecoming manner, and 
for support on Tacker, who plainly told him that he 
fit for nothing better than a walking funeraL But Chuffey, 
Heaven help him ! heard no sound but the echoes, lingering in 
his own heart, of a voice for ever silent. 

'^I loved him," cried the old man, sinking down upon the 
grave when all was done. " He was very good to me. Oh, my 
dear old friend and master ! " 

MMM. Ut. aiuir«r." mid ti» 

, H ■ a elqrvjr wU, Mr. Clndlaj. Ya« mmIi 

• U it iMd ban Uw KUUMwrt tUait «• d 
d Umi » BMmr, ifMiUamni,*' Mi4 HmiM, 

fluira apnn tliimi. m ba ttalpail la taitm kl^ 

« HUH on wrmn tliaa Ibk." 

•B« a tiMn, Mr. I'tinffrr," Mi<) Ptvknit. 

"Itn a ^titl«cn*ti, Mr. ChiiSnT," MliI HmsM. 

"UgHm m; wocl, my ff^ trv-itA," nsiannd Ai 
■ lonn iif lUtrlj rrprout, •• ba tirpprd ^ !■ Ika 
M^ " Uua u won* Uuw wMkMM. Thia w b^ ■ 
vroi^ Mr. Cbnttmj. Yw ■haaM tab iiibhIi ti 
■jr food air. Von fanpk Uiai jon «w* m* eoaaaa 
oiyoM) with MTdMaMMl (rind; udttirtl»teli 
■ad Tflrjr dmi nIMtm, Mr. ClMffajr." 

"A7, kia tram mi I "triad tba tdd ^ 
vilh rrmarkaUp tiMaiun. "Ilia nvn, uvn, 

■■ II.- > n.'t riKl.t )B hu hMd. .T"i kivtw. " mJ J, 
)iii1<', "V.ii'n- ii>>t tu tiiiti>l niivtlini^ )tr >«t*. 
w.>ii.l>'r if h.- ^> I. 1.. t.ilk -. 
y.iu miii.l 1,1m. ..1,^ ..( y-u. 1 .i..i. t M. fi!l. 

I.ik.' . 

■f 1. 

r.~- (r..ti. I 

A l.l|]!l ..f ..ill. 

}-ul\ .iiL-i 1,1. iii.rrv m.-iM i.l ll.i- !..■» .1 
ri.l k;n.l t.-.Uu^ .■» lli- |Mrt ..( ,l...,j.. 
I..- |.-.t „..(.,tlliT, H.. -...i i,..i 4 *-'t 

.. t II f..r,i hit:.- »!ul... .r..|.t 1«. k ■ 

II 1.- I.... -.11.1 ll...t Mr .!..[.,. inn,-, 
i.ur ..f ;)i. . 11 -Wii. ,illr.i.l"l k-.i,T.l St 


Ilul tl,.-- w.n- 11 t (1.- -i.h .l.,nit:.- I,. 1,^! .,- ; 
TIm- .-'in.-i. .1.. .( Mi |-.-.k-..iill I,...| ..(-rN-.i 
thiA l.-fl tL.> l,-.>>- ::\'-U U, ni-..,ri,f.;l 'm:. 
mvi..i, tLi! .1- t!,. ..t.n,..!,,.- IT-.-.. ■■!.■! 1..- ,.-r,i 
atul iml-. r....x.-r..| i,;- ■■].! .-. ...Lt,,,. l.-.- . l-l 
iMrihk-. 1.1- -1.1 i^v... ,'.!.■ ,-h..r... t.r-.i..- .t .:-.- 
an<t,.-. .„ .,;i t..|.-.t.. t,i. .il ,:. .--.:,! - 
that tin «.r.- - i!..| ni Ih-- ■■■.vl, .■■, tl,. ■,! iri «li.-ii ti,.v ;.■..! ii,.r.-, niM f m..| il.- ■:!>. 
Ii){)>t .i„l dir a.lii.ill< '1. aii.l .dl lr4.v<. ,.f tU Ulr f 


lie felt so well convinced that Jonas was again the Jonas he had 
Imown a week ago, and not the Jonas of the intervening time, 
that he voluntarily gave up his recently-acquired power without 
one faint attempt to exercise it, and at once fell back into his 
former position of mild and deferential guest. 

Mrs. Gamp went home to the bird-fancier's, and was knocked 
up again that very night for a birth of twins ; Mr. Mould dined 
gaily in the bosom of his family, and passed the evening faoe- 
fcioualy at his club; the hearse, after standing for a long time at 
the door of a roystering public-house, repaired to its stables 
with the feathers inside and twelve red-nosed undertakers on 
the roof, each holding, on by a dingy peg, to which, in times of 
itate, a waving plume was fitted; the various trappings of sor- 
row were carefully laid by in presses for the next hirer; the 
fiflij steeds were quenched and quiet in their stalls; the doctor 
got merry with wine at a wedding-dinner, and forgot the middle 
of the story which had no end to it; the pageant of a few short 
hoars ago was written nowhere half so legibly as in the under- 
taker's books. 

Not in the churchyard t Not even there. The gates were 
closed; the night was dark and wet; and the rain fell silently 
among the stagnant weeds and nettles. One new mound was 
there which had not been last night Time, burrowing like a 
mole below the ground, had marked his track by throwing up 
another heap of earth. And that was all. 

Ufl UD AOfUfVUl 



u A tnuitva or LOTL 

"PaoXKnirr," Hul JunM, Ukinf off bk ImI, toaMAl 
Uaek tnf' tana ww all riglit, and Aniling tb*i ii «i% fi 
a OB HP ill, ■unphceoll; : "wluS do fan nma to 0im 

"Uj dm Mr. Jrttm." avd tb» aCwtioiMU p«<^ «f 
iigwuiimi ■■ill, "wliat « wj nafnlu iaqntry!' 

"How, ')r>n't joa miivl wWbrr it '• • «a^«kr Ja^i^ 
plnnl MM, " n-t(irtMl Juom, oj^iti^ Mr. lVrk»tig ««k ■■ 
favotir, " but aninrer it, or 1<4 it aioam. One or Ik* atkN 

"Hum! Tlip <]UMt)i>n, njr •Inw friewl." aNd Mr. iNd 
luvii.k.' lit- h:,w\ l.'ii.L'tlv ti|.,ii In. kii>-n>.M.'< k^i'^. "u ;::< 
Willi iii.m^ ...i.~, WW «"'.l.l I t"- •-(-'-.; 

"Al." wl.,.I < M V..U >:.v.. Vnir- r. [-•.,!.. 1 .I..r.» 

•■Wl.y." -.11.1 Mr. l'.Tl..iiirr, ■■■..,1.1 i..Mr^.. : 
in a t; m.-.i->ii- uj-.n tK.- kiii'l ..( Iri-'aiil. li... 
rh...*-. iiiv .|.-..r v..iini:(n.-Tu]." 

Mr .111 I- » I. .si.l.iillv .Ii.rt.iirrr1<.<l. >n.l >I i '. » • 

j.r i. If ".- .. t:.-! ..ii-".r. Ii «,■::.. , '.■-■ -. 1- t).. «i..i..J.i ■■( 

-Ml -till. I, r. I (..r t),.. ii.Tit. I w...:l.i r-j-.r- .r-. * . 
l,i»-," -f.I Mr I'-k-riur, .ifi.r .. -li..ri -i:.:,.. ■ .. , ■ . 
r..T^M.. I,,., r;,i .l.v>r Mr, .^.^,l^■■ 1... ...l.i-i. .-r-.r"., - -. 

I ...V !),.! ^ ■■! I,,i.- 1.1.-. ,«i.i riLa.l.- :t i dr. .'. .: c 

-\\)..l .1 . 
I.itn «^l(. :r..r. .- 1 .|>fn 
■l.,|.-.i. i;,.. .1- ,r (t'.. 

i;i !.\ tli.ill" kt""!"! .'■ His 
i Mt V-'^.'T.-.S. 


"Is itf " grumbled Jonas, with a doubtful shake of the head. 

" Ay ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, warming with his subject, " it is. 
To be plain with you, Mr. Jonas, if I could find two such sons- 
in-law as you will one day make to some deserving man, capable 
of i^preciating a nature such as yours, I would — forgetful of 
myself — bestow upon my daughters, portions reaching to the 
yery utmost limit of my means." 

This was strong language, and it was earnestly delivered. 
Bat who can wonder that such a man as Mr. Pecksniff^ after all 
lie had seen and heard of Mr. Jonas, should be strong and ear- 
nest upon such a theme ; a theme that touched even the worldly 
lips of undertakers with the honey of eloquence ! 

Mr. Jonas was silent, and looked thoughtfully at the land- 
scape. For they were seated on the outside of the coach, at the 
hack, and were travelling down into the country. He accom- 
panied Mr. Pecksniff home for a few days' chcuige of air and 
scene after his recent trials. 

*'Well," he said, at last, with captivating bluntness, "sup- 
pose you got one such son-in-law as me, what then f " 

Mr. Pecksniff regarded him at first with inexpressible sur- 
prise; then gradually breaking into a sort of dejected vivacity, 
said: — 

"Then well I know whose husband he would be! " 
Whose t " asked Jonas drily. 

My eldest girPs, Mr. Jonas," replied Pecksniff, with moist- 
ening eyes. " My dear Cherry's — my staff, my scrip, my treas- 
ure, Mr. Jonas. A hard struggle, but it is in the nature of 
things ! I must one day part with her to a husband. I know 
it, my dear friend. I am prepared for it. " 

"Ecod! you've been prepared for that a pretty long time, 
I should think, " said Jonas. 

''Many have sought to bear her from me," said Mr. Peck- 
sniff. " All have failed. ' I never will give my hand, papa, ' 
— those were her words, ' unless my heart is won. ' She has 
not been quite so happy as she used to be, of late. I don't 
know why." 

Again Mr. Jonas looked at the landscape ; then at the coach- 
man; then at the luggage on the roof; finally at Mr. Pecksniff. 

" I suppose you '11 have to part with the other one, some of 

daysf " he observed, as he caught that gentleman's eye. 
'Fh>baUiy," said the parent "Years will tame down the 


Lin jun> jutrsxTTCB m 

k. of ID]' fnOiak bird, uul tban U «fl] te a0t. 
'DV17, Mr. JcKHi^ Cbuiil— " 
"Oh. «til" iitb)rrai>t<d J«nim. "Ymr km Mb ll 
{ht «iKNi|iti. Voboiy dMfcb UmL IM 70* Unil^ 

M H, jron know, if jan dn*'! lika; Yob 'i* iW kHt>4 
Then WM ■ nrniag mlUtu^ in th> maamm wt iMi ^ 
which idinonUhM Mr. I't^bukUT that M» dav M^ « 
to W tnflxl -ith or (ewnl »ff. and UmIIw mmt tit^» % 
k (rtniightfrirwanl rc[itf tii liia quMtioa, or fLM^ vh*l 
WtdBMliUMi Uiat he lircUanl to coIighlt« bfaa vftm 1h* ■ 
lo whieh il pelumL MlndTnl In Uu* <1iV«bm ^V^m 
OU AaUwnjr had (nm him tlmoat with hta laiaM tairi 
Haalvad bi vjink to the |*)it)t, ami «• toUl Mr. Jt«aa — « 
ing vpOB tha caniBniU<wtinB ai a |<n>nf nf hia gr^ tfnrf 
and wnManea — thai in ih* aa«a he b»l put, to «j^ I 
ar«nt nf nirh a man a* hr pminviiiK I'tt hu .U'ltfcr'a 1 
he woulil rti'low her with a fnrtuiu- nf ffmr IhnCMWl |n^ 
'■I Kh..ul.| «,.nv ,.iii-h nn.l rmmj. mv,--lf t" .|.-*v--i 
hlli-rly r.m.rk, -Ui liul «...iM l- n,^ ■\:U . .vi -. 



.■■l Mr r.-k-iu!!, "I-:! IV.i 

,. ( r 


., «.■(>■ 



■ ■ 

.■I!l.' l-V 

lU' i 

W •"=. 

■\ Il Al ■ 


ii|< nir. 




1. n™- — 


>!• 1 




-1 IE. 


th.' wr 


-r^, -li. 


Mr 1 


..It )ir » 

V •;■ 

---1.1 1 




I.-.. : 



iping all sorts of valuable odds and ends into his pouch. 
Now, there being a special Providence in the fall of a sparrow, 
}t follows (so Mr. Pecksnifif, and only such admirable men, 
roald have reasoned), that there must also be a special Provi- 
lenoe in the alighting of the stone, or stick, or other substance 
rhich is aimed at the sparrow. And Mr. Pecksnifif's hook, or 
Took, having invariably knocked the sparrow on the head and 
■ought him down, that gentleman may have been led to con- 
ider himself as specially licensed to bag sparrows, and as being 
pecially seised and possessed of all the birds he had got to- 
cher. That many undertakings, national as well as individ- 
lal — but especially the former — are held to be specially 
iroaght to a glorious and successful issue, which never could 
le so regarded on any other process of reasoning, must be clear 
o all men. Therefore the precedents would seem to show that 
Hr. Pecksniff had (as things go) good argument for what he 
Aid, and might be permitted to say it, and did not say it pre- 
Runptuously, vainly, or arrogantly, but in a spirit of high faith 
ind great wisdom. 

Mr. Jonas, not being much accustomed to perplex his mind 
rith theories of this nature, expressed no opinion on the sub- 
ject. Nor did he receive his companion's announcement with 
me solitary syllable, good, bad, or indifferent. He preserved 
Jiis taciturnity for a quarter of an hour at least, and during 
he whole of that time appeared to be steadily engaged in sub- 
jecting some given amount to the operation of every known 
role in figures, — adding to it, taking from it, multiplying 
it, reducing it by long and short division; working it by the 
rule-of- three direct and inversed; exchange or barter; practice; 
limple interest ; compound interest ; and other means of arith- 
metical calculation. The result of these labours appeared to be 
satisfactory, for when he did break silence, it was as one who 
had arrived at some specific result, and freed himself from a 
state of distressing uncertainty. 

"CJome, old Pecksniff!" — such was his jocose address, as 
he slapped that gentleman on the back, at the end of the stage 
— ** let 's have something ! " 

"With all my heart," said Mr. Pecksniff. 

**Let 's treat the driver," cried Jonas. 

**If yon think it won't hurt the man, or render him discon- 
bented with his station — certainly," faltered Mr. PecksnifiL 

MKh-top with gntt timxitj, oBl * wimIii^i feM 4 < 
>i Ua nwL AfUr whidi, b» wrt tato Om yUw faw» 
tlHv* onlMMd tpirituMM OriMk to >uh m oJnU ikt m 1 
■itff bwl Mmui tli>ab<« of tu« partad MWly, ^rtfl JM 
Uvm qattfl at rtMt by MjinfC wha dia oacfc m^ «■ 
fcili|l«r; — 

"I'm Immi lUiidJiv timl (m> « vMa vaak Mi ■« 
bWut yd* tun aU On cUUcmw al iW ^»» Tm 
M lor tUa, Pa^ntf." It vaa mI • jaba dite^ a 
ndunlff at Snt mpfOMd; tor Im want off to ite aaiA 
' obI fntlMr liMMnMiiiy, awl l«ft Km rMivnUd tMIb to i 

But Mr. 1*0Bkifiiir na a naii of aa>k MH^BMii^ ad 
Je(M« WM hi* Mend. Monarat, bia n^aH far Ikit 9^ 
«wi foutMlad, M wn know, mi pun aaCaMa, arf » basM 
tli<- ^iMIftici- t<r )it* rliamrUr. Hr raaw iiul froM tk* I 
with a Rtiiiliiig fam, and rvpn went so far aa lo i»pMt tb 
f<<riii:mi'.-, .>n 11 li-^ ciixii-ivi- Tx-nl<-, nl llir iwtt «i^k 
Tti.r- u-,., ,. «iMi,.-« i„ th.- --..r.!- .f \U .1 c... 
u-tnillv i. i...rl ..t hi- rlinrnrt.ri wlm li «»■ («r i- t:. ■• -., 
<t<].'.| i.v tl..-- iiri.l, f.r tli.- r. -t -i U:^ ; .r-.-v ■ 
... V.TV 1.1I..V..J.1 ^11 m..v I.' »;.i.l. l.-i-l.r.'i. -;:.*;«: ! 
Hliiir l...'l -III- .lilli.'illv in kr. [.INK ]Mr<- oilh i.:r.: 

TK-v «.r.. n.l ..,i-.,t...l-..l, .!.-..r. t..' Mi IWk..-.f 

I,.. ...■■iMtLl «nl.- -» " 1.. |.r.iar.- ih. n> -n t-.i m^--- 
..r.1.r ;l. .t I,.' Mr. .t-n... iiii»:ht (..k.- Il.-n. <.ti»wt.-^ 
ju-t -.■ »)m1 tl,-l ^^■T.■ ii..iiiK-. »-|i-ti II..-V ll,.":.-:,l V'^.r 

| il .I.^> ■. tli.r.' ».L^ II-). .!v t-. 111.-.; tlH-n; .i -.-^ -. 
|.-l. l.i:( iIm( hi- ..f -lii.ll .■..ii^-i-irn.'. fr If... L.; 
.l-.Hli >A IW .l.v'.«,.|i. im.l Mr IWkMutT l»l a.' » > 
U^. "Kil- M. .I..|,i. Im.1 ■■ . ,..rtmu,U..u, TV.. ■-.. 
1..rlni..iit.-fl>i ).'l».-.'i< tL-n;. y»l l),.- U^ uj-.n it. i^: >< 
i.ll .ij. iK.. Un.- >..i!,..iit .1.-1..1 , Mr [Wkntul! *:f-*S r''! 
lii-;.--, ,.- if. «i;h ■;! il-i- ).r.-.-.,-;!;..n. hw (..n-i -i-.:i!f.s. 

11. 1. i; .■!■.-!. ..f > ....,i.:^,-f mil.-. ,ir-s •■-^ h... 

till.) -. :.- . ( li!- .i;-;.r«.-li. 

ll •!. ,. l.i.h .■\.!LiMk:. Ill til.- .|.r;nfc'.lim- .«( Ih- t*« 
III tl.r ...ft .uUiicu ..( til.' twili^lii, all ttatiu* «M nri 


and beautifuL The day had been fine and warm; but at the 
Qoming on of night the air grew cool, and in the mellowing 
distanoe amoke was rising gently from the cottage chimneys. 
There were a thousand pleasant scents diffused around, from 
jrcmng leaves and fresh bud^; the cuckoo had been singing all 
day long, and was but just now hushed; the smell of earth, 
newly-upturned — first breath of hope to the first labourer, 
■Iter his garden withered — was fragrant in the evening breeze. 
It was a time when most men cherish good resolves, and sorrow 
lor the wasted past; when most men, looking on the shadows 
■8 they gather, think of that evening which must close on all 
and that to-morrow which has none beyond. 

"Precious dull," said Mr. Jonas, looking about. "It's 
enough to make a man go melancholy mad." 

**We shall have lights and a fire soon," observed Mr. Peck- 

"We shall need 'em by the time we get there," said Jonas. 
" Why the devil don't you talk f What are you thinking of f " 

"To tell you the truth, Mr. Jonas," said Pecksniff with 
great solemnity, "my mind was running at that moment on 
our late dear friend, your departed father." 

Mr. Jonas immediately let his burden fall, and said, threat- 
ening him with his hand : — 

" Drop that, Pecksniff ! " 

Mr. Pecksniff not exactly knowing whether allusion was 
made to the subject or the portmanteau, stared at his friend in 
unaffected surprise. 

"Drop it, I say!" cried Jonas fiercely. "Do you heart 
Drop it — now and for ever. You had better, I give you 
notice ! " 

" It was quite a mistake, " urged Mr. Pecksniff, very much 
dismayed; "though I ailmit it was foolish. I might have 
known it was a tender string." 

"Don't talk to me about tender strings," said Jonas. "I 'm 
not going to be crowed over by you, because I don't like dead 

Mr. Pecksniff had got out the words "Crowed over, Mr. 
Jonas ! " when that young man, with a dark expression in his 
eountenanoe, cut him short once more : — 

"Mind!" he said, "I won't have it I advise you not to 
lerive the subject, neither to me nor anybody else. You can 

un AMD umDtnrtM or 

I il, If jrou titoem, aamU m ■aalhw ■•& lb 

Ki0h Mid ftbnl tt. Owa iImisI " 

lUdna up hw |Mft ol Hm lead a^ria, wha Im ka4 ail I 

•dt, ba liiimM) ua M twi llMt Mr. PMbaiC, M Ik 4 
vt Iba pottamlMa. IowmI MmwU tef^ Im^ 
mj Inawnoknt «m) nagiMiAU ibmmi*, to tka pitf 4 
BHtt of what U caUnd liy fMMjr fwilUMi "Ika hak.* i 
hi* ahiiui wliich wm« nuat unnwrdfallj b«»pi4 apart 
twnl Inatbet uul ifaa irun ImmUm^ In IIm ««■■ rf « 
BtluutM, huWDvvr, Mr. Joom kIumI bia aiMai b4 aAm 
comianiua ki mibm np wilb bin and la l^*g Iba pomma 
failo • htbnUjF Mnicbt ponliaa. 

It wai pntlj dnr Uiat ba rapaUad bM laU ii^'tiiil. 
tiwi ba atiatnulad ila affad an Ut. IVbauffi f or « 4b 
Ibal genllvnuui gUaoed Uiwatik lit. Jomatt, W ft^ai 
Jniu* f^laurjit^ al lUB. vklrb «•■ m naw •cnuvp <rf — fcw 
ment. It wm but a ahort-ltved one tbou^b, W Mi. J 
wmn Vh-^ii to whUtle, wlimupua Mr. I'prkMiiff, latii 
on.- rr..i.i lu- fti.-ii.|. ).>'ur> I- litiiii a luii.- n.-l -I,. -..:, 

-I'rvlti u-.irK lh.^■. .ui. I «•■ r " -.,..1 J.-.u... »:.-= :i-. -..i.i.- lui..-, 

-ll.,-,.. „u ,l,-,,r fr..-ii.i," .;ii.l Mr I'.tL.mIT 

-Wli.t II ll,.-, I- -l-r.i:. A- >.M, -n;.!-™-'- ui.-! .1 t. 

■■Iin|"-...l.!.. 1.. ->^.■■ ,t,.-.l Mt r.-,k.>urf ■■>-.:it^ -.-- 
■ni.-v tii.n 1. ..«.,v fr..rii li..ii,.-, |.rli..|- 1 « .• ^- ■ .- :■ - 
h-. I,.-' - 1 «... i;...!..- t.. ,.r..|..-." -., I Mr Iv .--,,- 
»■.■ .l,..ii.l .Tit.r I.* ll.- l.irL «.,*. ..l..i .-. T^.- ■,;. .-. ■.:.-:-_ . 
rl,|. .,( Iti.ui.l.t, Mr. .r..ii,L.," 


( 1,. 

■. .1 ...1-. Mr I-..1-:,;?!. - !. 

.1.1-i I.- hk.-u..| I.. . :.:- 

1,1-. ,.---1.1 I., li.i- ;r .;.« 

ir.i, :ii.-i ...flU vi> ,:...^\ 

. lii- 

,' .: TU.: I. I.. 1< «ltl. )irli 111 ^^4 

iii«>l t>'wai<ii> till- ci'iiili);, kDtl hu-'- 


Iceys within a little basket at her side, she checks the house- 
keeping expenditure! From flat-iron, dish-cover, and warm- 
ing-pan; from pot and kettle, face of brass footman, and black- 
levied stove; bright glances of approbation wink and glow 
upon her. The very onions dangling from the beam mantle 
sad shine like cherubs' cheeks. Something of the influence of 
thoee vegetables sinks into Mr. Pecksniff's nature. He weeps. 
It is but for a moment, and he hides it from the observation 
of his friend — very carefully — by a somewhat elaborate use 
of his pocket-handkerchief, in fact; for he would not have his 
weakness known. 

"Pleasant," he murmured — "pleasant to a father's feel- 
ings ! My dear girl ! Shall we let her know we are here, Mr. 
Jonas t" 

"Why, I suppose you don't mean to spend the evening in 
tbe stable or the coach-house, " he returned. 

**That, indeed, is not such hospitality as I would show to 
you, my friend," cried Mr. Pecksnifi*, pressing his hand. 
And then he took a long breath, and tapping at the window, 
ahouted with stentorian blandness: — 

Cherry dropped her pen and screamed. But innocence is 
ever bold — or should be. As they opened the door, the val- 
iant girl exclaimed in a firm voice, and with a presence of mind 
which even in that trying moment did not desert her, " Who 
are you 1 What do you want 1 Speak ! or I will call my pa. " 
Mr. Pecksniff held out his arms. She knew him instantly, 
and rushed into his fond embrace. 

" It was thoughtless of us, Mr. Jonas, it was very thought- 
less," said Pecksniff, smoothing his daughter's hair. "My 
darling, do you see that I am not alone ! " 

Not she. She had seen nothing but her father until now. 
She saw Mr. Jonas now, though; and blushed, and hung her 
head down, as she gave him welcome. 

But where was Merry ? Mr. Pecksniff did n't ask the ques- 
tion in reproach, but in a vein of mildness touched with a 
gentle sorrow. She was up stairs, reading on the parlour 
eofuch. Ah ! Domestic details had no charms for her, " But 
edl her down," said Mr. Pecksniff, with a placid resignation. 
''Call her down, my love." 

She was called and came, all flushed and tumbled from 

unt Asv AonirruRB or H 

,„ joUwaoU; bolwuUiewMMftKtbiL 1^1 
M. JMhu tiM batlvr, if njrtUnc. 

"Ofa. nj goo)lnewitMl'*4iriMl tlM «idi gui t«wa|li 
emuwi wWn *l>e hwl UMd bn fabn oa balb «y^ 
Id bar baUoMino twUm had bMbnrMl > aipBviBH^ i 
npuD lk« ti\i of ht« noM. "fM bcn^ lii^t Wa^ I^ 
thuikful Uiat ytHi wi«'t inaUt km nradil** 

"WUtl joa'n M lirely H •». u« jMit" ^t i 
"Obi Yoa 'ni ■ wiok«J uoa! " 

"Tban^ (Pi abiuitl" hrtort^ Maty, |NMhiag kta 
"I 'm muv I doD't know wImI I •ball mt div if 1 kM» 
tModi uf jaiL Go kltmg, f<« gnctoiM' Mk« t " 

Mr. IWoniff •thklnti in Wm>, with • n |«^ ft 
JiaiM wiioU itnmpdiktdy mlk up ttain, li* •■ fcv M 
with th» rountc Udy'* adJumiaB « to |» at a«i» B«1 
b» )mI thr fur Clirnj M Ui MR, ha tMii Ml ki^ I 
back Bl iMf ■utT, uii] eidtaagiag moam fmAm Aah^* 
-^m" I'liil'iiu^ •l''«.-tiptiu«, M tb«7 kll four M«fti I 
[urlour. wlii'ff — for thi' rilling Uilin ba[>fvnr<i, t<« ex 

llll,.-, I.. 1. I httl.. Ill-I tiMl. U-U.J tlul Itvlit — IL. 1-4 

Mr Vtwh «M- 11 . 1 ut li..Tii.', - Ui-v h*i I! *:i 1. ■..■.- 

!■-. 1-1,111 . ■■ 

l,.r l...k. .1;. 

-.1 M.S. < l.rrr 
"i » ;i.^ 


** Thank you, my sweet," said Merry, pursing up her rosy 
lipB. "Much ohliged to it for its advice. Oh! do leave me 
alone, you monster, do ! " This entreaty was wrung from her 
hf a new proceeding on the part of Mr. Jonas, who pulled her 
down, all hreathless as she was, into a seat beside him on the 
•ofa, having at the same time Miss Cherry upon the other side. 

"Now," said Jonas, clasping the waist of each, "I have got 
both arms full, have n't I ? " 

"One of them will be black and blue to-morrow, if you 
don't let me go," cried the playful Merry. 

"Ah! I don't mind your pinching," grinned Jonas, "a bit." 

"Pinch him for me. Cherry, pray," said Mercy. "I never 
did hate anybody so much as I hate this creature, I declare t " 

"No, no, don't say that," urged Jonas, "and don't pinch 
either, because I want to be serious. I say — Cousin Char- 
ifcf — " 

" Well ! what ? " she answered sharply. 

"I want to have some sober talk," said Jonas: "I want to 
prevent any mistakes, you know, and to put everything upon a 
fdeasant understanding. That 's desirable and proper, ain't it ? " 

Neither of the sisters spoke a word. Mr. Jonas paused and 
cleared his throat, which was very dry. 

" She *11 not believe what I 'm going to say, will she, 
cotisin t " said Jonas, timidly squeezing Miss Charity. 

"Really, Mr. Jonas, I don't know, until I hear what it is. 
It 's quite impossible ! " 

"Why, you see," said Jonas, "her way always being to 
make game of people, I know she '11 laugh, or pretend to — I 
know that beforehand. But you can tell her I 'm in earnest, 
eousin; can't you? You '11 confess you know, won't you? 
You '11 be honourable, I 'm sure," he added persuasively. 

No answer. His throat seemed to grow hotter and hotter, 
and to be more and more difficult of control. 

"You see. Cousin Charity," said Jonas, "nobody but you 
can tell her what pains I took to get into her company when 
you were both at the boarding-house in the city, because 
nobody 's so well aware of it, you know. Nobody else can 
tell her how hard I tried to get to know you better, in order 
that I might get to know her without seeming to wish it ; can 
they ? I always asked you about her, and said where had she 
gone, and when would she come, and how lively she was, and 

TOt.. I. 

un Am ADTBnvm or ^H 

Hurt; didn't I, oMudnT I ItRow jmi 11 tall km mM 

•n a'l UAd Iwr mi klnadj, and — nd — I dn* i^f j^ { 

•OM I 'bi mn jroa 'r« hunounMe, u&'t jonl* 

Btill twt ■ wottl. Ttw ri^l Mn of lie Ji^ — te 

rialar Ht u[ain lii* riybl — bm; hsra twia MHilb d 

tamnttiiima tttruU«o)t which wm not vilUa ttMtf ^ bnl » 

oIm Kpprifl>d him that hi* iri«ib had bad Ihm bvi ^A 

"Even if jou kept it to ymawM, mi WvvB't ^M 

t doa't iKMh nail*, hmw jwal 

v; won't jonf W»*v* ^a^ vwj 
frioada frum lh« Unt; hare n't vol and t4 aaaiH «• A 
quila friMMU to fulutK, uid M> I dnti't tnind wfrnkm^ 1 
yuu a tiit ('(K)*tn Morcv, you '«<> k«ai>l wImI I **t ttaa 
b)|f. Sbp 'U oioflrm il, pvrrr wt-j .^^r (--Ltt W3 
liav« mo fur }i*ur )li^^)ui..1 I fil. t ' 

Aa lie n>leuM>d his hold of Charity, to put tUa ^«mIm 
Mtrr i'ir>Tl, i.h.- *Urt<i1 !■)• anil huirit^l »av l-> hn ..«b 


"That's as good," cried Jonas, "as saying it right out. 
It 'a a bargain, cousin. We 're a pair, if ever there was one." 

This gallant speech was succeeded by a confused noise of 
Idssing and slapping; and then the fair but much dishevelled 
Merry broke away, and followed in the footsteps of her sister. 

Now whether Mr. Pecksniflf had been listening — which in 
one of his character appears impossible ; or divined almost by 
inspiration what the matter was — which in a man of his saga- 
city is far more probable ; or happened by sheer good f ortiuie to 
find himself in exactly the right place, at precisely the right 
time — which, under the special guardianship in which he 
lived might very reasonably happen ; it is quite certain that at 
the moment when the sisters came together in their own room, 
he appeared at the chamber door. And a marvellous contrast 
it was — they so heated, noisy, and vehement ; he so calm, so 
self-possessed, so cool and full of peace, that not a hair upon 
his head was stirred. 

" Children ! " said Mr. Pecksniff, spreading out his hands in 
wonder, but not before he had shut the door, and set his back 
against it. " Girls ! Daughters ! What is this ? " 

" The wretch ; the apostate ; the false, mean, odious villain, 
has before my very face proposed to Mercy ! " was his elder 
daughter's answer. 

" Who has proposed to Mercy ? " said Mr. Pecksniff. 
He has. That thing, Jonas, down stairs." 
Jonas proposed to Mercy ] " said Mr. Pecksniff. " Ay, 
ay ! Indeed ! " 

" Have you nothing else to say ? " cried Charity. " Am I to 
be driven mad, papa? He has proposed to Mercy, not to me." 

" Oh, fie ! For shame ! " said Mr. Pecksniff gravely. " Oh, 
for shame ! Can the triumph of a sister move you to this ter- 
rible display, my child? Oh, really this is very sad! I am 
sorry; I am surprised and hurt to see you so. Mercy, my 
girl, bless you! See to her. Ah, envy, envy, what a passion 
you are ! " 

Uttering this apostrophe in a tone full of grief and lamenta- 
tion, Mr. Pecksniff left the room (taking care to shut the door 
hehind him) and walked down stairs into the parlour. There he 
fonnd his intended son-in-law, whom he seized by both hands. 

"Jonas!" cried Mr. Pecksniff. "Jonas! the dearest wish 
of my heart is now fulfilled ! " 


"Very well; I'm glad to hear it^'' said Jonas. "ThitTl 
do. I say, as it ain't the one you 're so fond of, y<m mmk 
come down with another thousand, Pecksniff. You miul make 
it up five. It 's worth that to keep your treasure to youndl 
you know. You get off very cheap that way, and haven't a 
sacrifice to make." 

The grin with which he accompanied this, set off his ote 
attractions to such unspeakable advantage, that even Mr. F«i- 
sniff lost his presence of mind for the moment^ and looked it 
the young man as if he were quite stupefied with wonder aid 
admiration. But he quickly regained his composure, and 
in the very act of changing the subject, when a hasty step 
heard without, and Tom Pinch, in a state of great excitementi 
came darting into the room. 

On seeing a stranger there, apparently engaged with Mr. 
Pecksniff in private conversation, Tom was very much abtsbed, 
though he still looked as if he had something of great imp(H^ 
tance to communicate, which would be a sufficient apolc^ for 
his intrusion. 

"Mr. Pinch," said Pecksniff, "this is hardly decent Too 
will excuse my saying that I think your conduct scarcely 
decent, Mr. Pinch." 

"I ]x»g your pardon, sir," replied Tom, "for not knocking 
at the door." 

"Rather lieg this gentleman's pardon, Mr. Pinch," said 
Pocksnifr. "/ know you; he does not. — My young man, 
Mr. Jonas." 

Tlio son-in-law that was to be gave him a slight nod — not 
actively disdainful or contemptuous, only passively; for he 
was in a good humour. 

"Could I s])oak a word with you, sir, if you please 1" said 
Tom. " It 's rather pressing." 

" It should }ye very pressing to justify this strange behav- 
iour, Mr. Pinch," returned his master. "Excuse me for one 
moment, my dear friend. Now, sir, what is the reason of this 
rough intnision ? " 

"I am very sorry, sir, I am sure," said Tom, standing, cap 
in hand, l)efore his patron in the passage; "and I know it 
must have a very rude ajipearance — " 

"It has a verj' rude appearance, Mr. Pinch." 

"Yes, I feel that, sir; but the truth is, I was so surprised 


to aee them, and knew you would be too, that I ran home very 
ImA indeed, and really hadn't enough command over myself 
to know what I was doing very well. I was in the church 
just now, sir, touching the organ for my own amusement, 
when I happened to look round, and saw a gentleman and lady 
■tending in the aisle listening. They seemed to be strangers, 
nr, 88 well as I could make out in the dusk, and I thought I 
didn't know them; so presently I left off, and said, would 
IImj walk up into the organ-loft, or take a seat? No, they 
88idy they wouldn't do that; but they thanked me for the 
music they had heard — in fact, " observed Tom blushing, " they 
88idy * Delicious music ! ' at least she did ; and I am sure that 
was a greater pleasure and honour to me, than any compliment 
I oould have had. I — I beg your pardon, sir, " — lie was all in 
a tremble, and dropped his hat for the second time, — *' but I — 
I 'm rather flurried, and I fear I 've wandered from the point." 

" If you will come back to it, Thomas, " said Mr. Pecksniff, 
with an icy look, " I shall feel obliged. " 

"Yes, sir," returned Tom, "certainly. They had a posting 
carriage at the porch, sir, and had stopped to hear the organ, 
they said, and then they said — she said, I mean, ' I believe 
you live with Mr. Pecksniff, sir t ' I said I had that honour, 
and I took the liberty, sir," added Tom, raising his eyes to 
his benefactor's face, "of saying, as I always will and must, 
with your pennission, that I was under great obligations to 
you, and never could express my sense of them sufficiently." 

"That," said Mr. Pecksniff, "was very, very wrong. Take 
your time, Mr. Pinch." 

"Thank you, sir," cried Tom. "On that they asked me 
— she asked, I mean — 'Wasn't there a bridle-road to Mr. 
Pecksniff's house — ' " 

Mr. Pecksniff suddenly became full of interest. 

" * Without going by the Dragon ? ' When I said there 
wasy and said how happy I should be to show it 'em, thoy sent 
the carriage on by the road, and came with me across the 
meadows. I left 'em at the turnstile to run forward and toll 
you they were coming, and they '11 be here, sir, in — in less 
than a minute's time, I should say," added Tom, fetching his 
breath with difficulty. 

"Now who," said Mr. Pecksniff pondering, "who may these 
people be ! " 

unt ASD jLDTBxmm or 

ay •Mil, rir! " fftM Taa, "1 wmU 
TQHi i iboiiKlrt I iMd. 1 loMw tlwM — Im; I mm 
If. TU gnllaaMB who ww iU at f ~ 
r, wtd Um jronnc hdjr who atl mm imA h 

wHh MiWwWMt, at irllnutmBf tfc* wtiMnl i—ry « 
mmmI un Mr. PtektfiilT I7 Umm njB|>b v«*dik IW 4 

Indng tl» old man's iMvimr ilaiwl m •«« •• Ikaf > 
attdlMl, Uum^h Uw mm* UmI of faivnc Jomb m ife k> 

< inpwiliOi^ of iliiiBWili^ JoMis or iWHi^ Ua i| 
jiOf him 1mii4 hmI (ooI, mmI p«tUiB( bn in tW w l ■ 
'-<*ltuat ntfuaillng titm tMyoiMl noJI ; ih* tnmU* 4bMi 

milinir in tha MtaUialtacnt, umJ th^ i«| iMMfcy rf 
aucinu it lo ilcn-nt harBxtnt, with ("TaritT tn Iib^ IrrAi 
Merrv In llir -..Im..^.! .!■ r '.i, .• ■ . t' " ' '1 

lia <■!,■,,,■:. ..d ..N.i Ir « 

the t, ( ,] I, ..,..',. ., . ■ ^ 

Ktlilniti l])i« -tuti' iif ranitnnt omfiioKm ; thi- >u.l>U[i am» 
ti..u .ii.T l.i- .I-vnt.-,l t.,..i,l „f .■v.r>- r..m[.I..^I-,l r^rT.:^, ;. 

Mr r.k. ■.:!!. 




The knocking at Mr. Pecksniff's door, though loud enough, 
bore no resemblance whatever to the noise of an American rail- 
way train at full speed. It may be well to begin the present 
chapter with this frank admission, lest the reader should im- 
agine that the sounds now deafening this history's ears have 
any connection with the knocker on Mr. Pecksniff's door, or 
with the great amount of agitation pretty equally divided be- 
tween that worthy man and IVIr. Pinch, of which its strong 
performance was the cause. 

Mr. Pecksniff's house is more than a thousand leagues away ; 
and again this happy chronicle has Liberty and Moral Sensi- 
bility for its high companions. Again it breathes the blessed 
air of Independence ; again it contemplates with pious awe that 
moral sense which renders unto Caesar nothing that is his; 
again inhales that sacred atmosphere which was the life of him 
— oh noble patriot, with many followers! — who dreamed of 
Freedom in a slave's embrace, and waking sold her offspring 
and his own in public markets. 

How the wheels clank and rattle, and the tram-road shakes, 
as the train rushes on ! And now the engine yells, as it were 
lashed and tortured like a living labourer, and writhed in 
agony. A poor fancy; for steel and iron are of infinitely 
greater account, in this commonwealth, than flesh and blood. 
If the cunning work of man be urged beyond its jK)wer of 
endurance, it has within it the elements of its own revenge; 
whereas the wretched mechanism of the Divine Hand is dan- 
gerous with no such property, but may be tampered with, and 
crushed, and broken, at the driver's pleasure. Look at that 

un Ain> A0TOTPsn or 

■I » KhaJI nwl ■ laui not* dulUn ia tk* «ay d§i 

•ad Aim, uul MtJ^Mrticfi of Itw attn^od item, to 4ilMi 

Joonvi (hoi iwrndnw nuM ol neUl, Umb Iw b^ *»ll 

nmty bunun ctvatunwt Ttnia Ihft ••«« wiak afH i| 

jdy itripi-x . iutil Ltbrrtj puU> doVB b« oif *V"* ^ ^ 

«tdowiuO|>]<n'-.i<>i) iu tb vOMlHpi^ Imkartimm. 

Ths «ngii>— Inter of the tnia whon doIm •««&■• l»1 

MSBl du^)i<'r, WM ufiUinlr ttoaUad with as amA w^^ti 

thtn; iH<r 1- It v<:^ pcobaUs Ifaal U* Blid vw *•■! 

f my rafli-<ti'-ii> ai >11. Ha kiaad wftb faU^ a^ « 

(rfMMd kp iiKuintl thn *hl« of lk« nctiafv. MMfclif: ■ 

•xeept wtwD lir rI)>TinuW<(l, lij » graikt ■• ahtfl m U* pip% ] 

mMonJ ol fimi- |«rtiruUdj' ilRil«ruu* autt on tb« patt^l 
ao U aagne, t^ir (Innun, who b(>gni]«>«l hi* kiMUv ty ikmtt 
logs of wool f;"in tht> trodtf at Um nil mil wi Mv^ «riife 
Um line, he ; t> xrvtii] a fympoeiu* en inawrakl^ aad ^ ad 
fennce so ( n ;>!'lr, tW if lh« krmuUra haJ !>«• • aadt 
pig, he ri'iiM iKit have Ikn-h niorr jirrf«-tly itfliffrrmt b> 
i|Mitip>. NotwitliMiiiiilint: th<- tnui<|iiil >Ulr of ihi< -A^- ■ 

hi- tii,l.r-k.j. i-v ..( li.iTi.i, 111.- tr.:ti «.i- ,.,.,... 


^Unoommon bright, sir," returned Mark. "Impossible for 
I place to have a better name, sir, than the Walley of Eden. 
So man could n't think of settling in a better place than the 
RTalley of £den« And I 'm told," added Mark after a pause, 
^as there 's lots of serpents there, so we shall come out quite 
x>mplete and reg'lar." 

So far from dwelling upon this agreeable piece of informa- 
tion with the least dismay, Mark's face grew radiant as he 
sailed it to mind — so very radiant, that a stranger might have 
mppoeed he had all his life been yearning for the society of 
larpents, and now hailed with delight the approaching consum- 
mation of his fondest wishes. 

** Who told you that ? " asked Martin sternly. 
A military officer," said Mark. 

Confound you for a ridiculous fellow ! " cried Martin, 
laughing heartily in spite of himself. **What military officer t 
fou know they spring up in every field — " 

"As thick as scarecrows in England, sir," interposed Mark, 
^ which is a sort of militia themselves, being entirely coat and 
weicoat, with a stick inside. Ha, ha! — Don't mind me, sir; 
it 's my way sometimes. I can't help being jolly. Why, it 
was one of them inwading conquerors at Pawkins's as told me. 
'Am I rightly informed,' he says — not exactly through his 
nose, but as if he 'd got a stoppage in it very high up — * that 
fou 're a going to the Walley of Eden V * I heard some talk 
m it, ' I told him. * Oh ! ' says he, * if you should ever hap- 
ten to go to bed there — you mai/f you know, * he says, * in 
ourse of time as civilisation progresses — don't forget to take 
, axe with you. ' I looks at him tolerable hard. * Fleas ? ' 
ays L * And more, ' says he. * Wampires ? * says L * And 
Qore, ' says he. * Mosquitoes, perhaps ? * says I. * And 
aore, ' says he, * Wliat more ? ' says I. * Snakes more, ' says 
le — * rattlesnakes. You 're right to a certain extent, stranger; 
here air some catawampous chawers in the small way too, as 
*Taze upon a human pretty strong; but don't mind them — 
hey * re company. It's snakes,' he says, * as you'll object 
o: and whenever you wake and see one in a upright poster on 
roar bed, ' he says, * like a corkscrew with the handle off a 
dttin' on its bottom ring, cut him down, for he means 
irenom.' " 

"Why didn't you tell me this before!" cried Martin, with 

ura un> AU T M T um or 

timn «f Imd wUA mI off Iha d 

^* H> glial adnat^fK 

"laaverUKKigbloa it, rir."«id Kvfc. "Uc 
r. aiul wwit imt ai Um oUwr. [hit I^nl k>«« « 

utoUwr Company 1 (Ura Mjr, aad oolj n«b 

■t w« miglit tpi ti> tiu Kilrn, aiwl mil Iba o 

"Thwv'i ■umo [mtbttbiilljr in thai," a' 
•n hanwstljr ^r tbal 1 bop» ao^ witfa oil ajr I 

••1 'n Dol K (kmbl «hml il, ^," nMtwd I 
of Um ItMpMtiim hifl«nM of ll» nMda«* vfoa I 
lor tba auwwnt (lugaUu ito pcvIsUa w6wdL uftm 
''injbow, wo mtut liva, y<n know, atr." 

"LtTtt!" criMl Mwtin. "Yas U'> om^ tv «r 
w« ■hcniM ]u|i|irn not U\ w»Ln wbcu i 

to do iL" 

" Anct that '■ a fact," i<aid a voiea ao e 
ti.'kl<Hl liltii. "T).at 'x .ir.-a.lful lra<-." 

, l.-.U 

■tiii.l. ni..l f...: 

I thai i 


Martin could not help frowning for a moment, as if he were 
disposed to insinuate that the gentleman had unconsciously 
'' darned" himself. But remcmhering the wisdom of doing at 
Bome as Romans do, he smiled with the pleasantest expression 
be could assume upon so short a notice. 

Their new friend said no more just then, heing husily em- 
ployed in cutting a quid or plug from his cake of tohacco, and 
whistling softly to himself the while, ^yhen he had shaped 
it to his liking, he took out his old plug, and deposited the 
Bame on the hack of the seat hetween Mark and Martin, while 
he thrust the new one into the hollow of his cheek, where it 
looked like a large walnut, or tolerahle pippin. Finding it 
quite satisfactory, he struck the point of his knife into the old 
plug, and holding it out for their inspection, remarked with 
the air of a man who had not lived in vain, that it was **used 
up considerahle." Then he tossed it away; put his knife into 
one pocket and his tohacco into another; rested his chin upon 
the rail as before; and approving of the pattern on Martin's 
waistcoat, reached out his hand to feel the texture of that gar- 

** What do you call this now ? " he asked. 

"Upon my word," said Martin, "I don't know what it's 

It 'U cost a dollar or more a yard, I reckon ? " 
I really don't know." 

In my country," said the gentleman, "we know the cost 
of our own pr6-duce. " 

Martin not discussing the question, there was a pause. 

** Well ! " resumed their new friend, after staring at them 
intently during the whole interval of silence, " how 's the 
annat'ral old parent by this time? " 

Mr. Tapley regarding this inquiry as only another version of 
the impertinent English question — "How's your mother?" 
would have resented it instantly, but for Martin's prompt 

" You mean the old country ? " he said. 

"Ah!" was the reply. "How's she! Progressing back- 
'ards, I expect, as usual? Well! How 's Queen Victoria?" 
In good health, I believe," said Martin. 
Queen Victoria won't shake in her royal shoes at all, when 
she hears to-morrow named," observed the stranger. "No." 




uri wo AftTnmJMB or 

t it 1 im mwan ,d. Vflkj •hunU alwl " 
-BM won't \m taken viU) « eoU <-M). vW* i*a 
■ft k bnitig dotia in Umh diCRlBS*.** aU *■ i 

-ifot" a>U Hwtia. "I I 

; 1 enuM tak* 19 Ml 

t luok«>d »1 hiB M (f is I 

Th* MnBfi iraitlMi 

BonDCe or prejudice, umI wiii: — 

"Wall, tir, I uU 70U Uiii — tlwn ftin't • «• 
4kv bail, in lloj A'ntgbtjr'i (nm l*-t>il*l Sta 
nd lippfj. anil IncUnd to e nuMrt a-tanul ibmI^ 
wittaB, in bmt laxutbMs hM»Uua la Um Tuww ^ 

B*nnl hUiw g w rt lw 


raoitd dnriiv Uip hM(:nli« dkhpM. Tlwjr 1 
Ughtod with thi« M-^l)- Om vwjr >«ik pidk 
Uap whitx i-nrnL, ■ InaK wUl« wt i fciMl , attJ • 1 
cust, who Mi-ninl Ut \» in kuthoritj ubo 
ii|->i> l.> ii.-ku.>wl>' it. 

■■H.Ui' Mr l.i K.ivtt.' K-llI-." Ii-- 

TIl.T.' «,1- 

■Mr I., 

\h K.iU. 
"1.1 1]..- ' 

..f ■■Hii^h: 


Here the lank gentleman sat down again, amidst a great 
•enaation; and every one looked very grave. 

"General Choke," said Mr. La Fayette Kettle, "you warm 
my heart; sir, you warm my heart. But the British Lion is 
not unrepresented here, sir; and I should he glad to hear his 
answer to those remarks. " 

** Upon my word, " cried Martin laughing, " since you do me 
the honour to consider me his representative, I have only to 
My that I never heard of Queen Victoria reading the What's- 
kis-name Gazette, and that I should scarcely think it prohahle." 

General Choke smiled upon the rest, and said, in patient 
and benignant explanation: — 

''It is sent to her, sir. It is sent to her. Per maiL" 

** But if it is addressed to the Tower of London, it would 
hardly come to hand, I fear," returned Martin: "for she don't 
Kve Uiere." 

''The Queen of England, gentlemen," observed Mr. Tapley, 
affecting the greatest politeness, and regarding them with an 
inunovable face, " usually lives in the Mint to take care of the 
money. She has lodgings, in virtue of her office, with the 
Lord Mayor at the Mansion House; but don't often occupy 
them, in consequence of the parlour chimney smoking." 

** Mark, " said Martin, " I shall be very much obliged to you 
if you *11 have the goodness not to interfere with preposterous 
statements, however jocose they may appear to you. I was 
merely remarking, gentlemen — though it 's a point of very 
little import — that the Queen of England does not happen to 
live in the Tower of London." 

" General ! " cried Mr. La Fayette Kettle. " You hear t " 

" General ! " echoed several others. " General ! " 

"Hush! Pray, silence!" said General Choke, holding up 
his hand, and speaking with a patient and complacent benevo- 
lence that was quite touching. "I have always remarked it 
as a very extraordinary circumstance, which I impute to the 
natnr' of British Listitutions and their tendency to suppress 
that popular inquiry and information which air so widely 
diiliised even in the trackless forests of this vast Continent of 
tlie Western Ocean; that the knowledge of Britishers them- 
selTes on such points is not to be compared with that possessed 
by oar intelligent and locomotive citizens. This is interesting 
and confirms my observation. When you say, sir, " he contin- 

unc AXD ADTKXTtmn or 

J iiw MhUb, "U»t jroar Qwm 4em mm na* 
wuf LnKlon, ftn fall into m «*ai; aal ■ 
^vtteyniBB, men when tlMir a t fl t Uw mhI ■ 

w lin Uutra — " 

ten iJie u «t tba Ooort of Satat JaM***;" W 

ten sho U at tbn Court o( SuBI Jmw'a, <rf « 
•cl tbi> In-iM-nl, tn llm muim- )>ni|;iMAl w»y ; "W «| 
II wu io WiniLmt l'aTili<m it niuliln'i ta m I 
mmr Itinc. Your Tower ed LunJni^ ait," pmi 
caL, ftwilutic w'ah a ikiM <waMi«iM«B ml U» I 
•tkl'raUtr 7<Kir rojral i— Miml Bftag boatal 
ueiKblioiiriMKMl iif jma PaA», joo Urina^ 
■■Kut Atrhiw, /(MV Opora, and yanw Jteytl 
nigpaU ilanlf aa Ihe |4aa> Tor ImUliDft a ItnnvM 
Icaa CMirL An'l, oinwinrDUy." Mjd ths (i 
qupntlv, tlii> (N'urt ia lifld tlx-n'." 

"Iliiv.- v.. II 1.-.U ill Knuliiil t ■■ ii-k"l M-irtir 

"In i-rml 1 iiu., -n.- - .: ! il,. I i- ti- r ,:. 

\Vr ,,ir ., r.-..iii.j |.-.|.i. 1,-r.-. ^7 \ : - .li 

illf..rril.l| .,■.-■■..■ L- II, It >m1I - :>,.>:-. , .. .: 

-I !,,^. .1..: th. 1. .-t .1..,'.: ■ I r.:^ ,.: .,: ■ 

li.T.- I'- « .- M,;-.r ,|.;..| 1a Mr !..> K^i.t:.- h 

I -.l.iu;. ..( -tthi, 


"Subject to your opinion, and the agent's advice," replied 
Martin. '^I am told there is nothing to be done in the old 

"I can introduce you to the agent, sir," said the Greneral. 
"I know him. In fact, I am a member of the Eden Land 
Corporation myself." 

This was serious news to Martin, for his friend had laid 
great stress upon the General's having no connection, as he 
thought, with any land company, and therefore being likely to 
give him disinterested advice. The General explained that he 
had joined the Corporation only a few weeks ago, and that no 
communication had passed between himself and Mr. Be van since. 

" We have very little to venture, " said Martin anxiously — 
**only a few pounds — but it is our all. Now, do you think 
that for one of my profession, this would be a speculation with 
any hope or chance in it ? " 

" Well ! " observed the General gravely, " if there was n't 
my hope or chance in the speculation, it wouldn't have en- 
graged my dollars, I opinionate." 

"I don't mean for the sellers," said Martin. "For the 
bayers — for the buyers ! " 

" For the buyers, sir ? " observed the General, in a most 
impressive manner. "Well! you come from an old country; 
From a country, sir, that has piled up golden calves as high as 
Babel, and worshipped 'em for ages. We are a new country, 
sir; man is in a more primeval state here, sir; we have not the 
excuse of having lapsed in the slow course of time into degen- 
erate practices; we have no false gods; man, sir, here, is man 
in all his dignity. We fought for that or notliing. Here am 
I, sir," said the General, setting up his umbrella to represent 
himself; and a villanous-looking umbrella it was; a very bad 
ooanter to stand for the sterling coin of his benevolence : " here 
am I with grey hairs, sir, and a moral sense. Would I, with 
my principles, invest capital in this speculation if I did n't 
think it full of hopes and chances for my brother man ? " 

Martin tried to look convinced, but he thought of New 
York, and found it difficult. 

"What are the Great United States for, sir," pursued the 
General, "if not for the regeneration of man? But it is nat'ral 
in you to make such an enquerry, for you come from England, 
and ycm do not know my country." 

ibtn you tWak," 
raxbipi «n *m prrpand to UK 
iMVnn ktiiiw" WB .lon'l alpM* I 
<n Uiw plu* t " 
" A rtMnnablr iifvning in I'A^u, «r! IM w tt* ^ 
W ti|^iil : •rf th« ma|M, mwl {lUiu, ait : mad «g«ii^ 
4f, aonif\liii|; ttt Umi lulur' ul tlw ■■ ~ ~' 

awct i» (p> a bogiring yet, ■ir," raiiMrhM 
**ll in an •"■fnl lirrely pUi*, •ui*-ljr. 
MBQ. lil««rJM>I" wd Mr. Kpttk, vfao h^ anfa h^ 
ufer *«> Uiu ooarMMliuB m • aMtUr «f onuml 
Martin fi^ that to diapato mdi li^twnwy. fo ■» I 
■mi Ituui baeanaa ka had Ua aaerat a^ltrlnpa •* «» 
jaot, wmM ba nngnntkmaBljr and ind>— L Sa te *■ 
thaOaaMa) lor hi* p ' 

I agvnl; ami " omtdwlad " to «• Ibat ^h 

momiftK- Hn thru ^■■KK'") lb' lirnfi«] tn iiif«i^ bt» • 

WnU-riiKKt Svmpalbiiwn wpt«, <i( whixn ba Km] ifa 
, Mr I.i l":iv.-tt.- K- Itlr. an.l -u what i~v 

ll,.-v l.-t.A.-i Svn.i.ilU, T-"l.i.^ !:.■ ■, ---, 

;[.-r:i— ,!•* klv- ■ 

lii-tl alAirwC^ kJCf < 


washed galleries up stairs and down stairs, scores of little 
whitewashed bedrooms, and a four-sided verandah to every 
story in the house, which formed a large brick square with an 
uncomfortable court-yard in the centre, where some clothes 
were drying. Here and there, some yawning gentlemen 
lounged up and down with their hands in their pockets; but 
within the house and without, wherever half a dozen people 
were collected together, there, in their looks, dress, morals, 
manners, habits, intellect, and conversation, were Mr. Jeffer- 
son Brick, Colonel Diver, Major Pawkins, General Choke and 
Mr. La Fayette Kettle, over, and over, and over again. They 
did the same things; said the same things; judged all subjects 
by, and reduced all subjects to, the same standard. Observing 
bow they lived, and how they were always in the enchanting 
company of each other, Martin even began to comprehend their 
being the social, cheerful, winning, airy men they were. 

At the sounding of a dismal gong, this pleasant company 
went trooping down from all parts of the house to the public 
room, while from the neighbouring stores other guests came 
flocking in, in shoals ; for half the town, married folks as well 
«B single, resided at the National Hotel Tea, coffee, dried 
meats, tongue, ham, pickles, cake, toast, preserves, and bread 
and butter were swallowed with the usual ravaging speed; and 
then, as before, the company dropped off by degrees, and 
lounged away to the desk, the counter, or the bar-room. The 
Isdies had a smaller ordinary of their own, to which their hus- 
bands and brothers were admitted if they chose; and in all 
other respects they enjoyed themselves as at Pawkins 's. 

**Now Mark, my good fellow," said Martin, closing the door 
of his little chamber, *' we must hold a solemn council, for our 
fate is decided to-morrow morning. You are determined to 
inyest these savings of yours in the common stock, are you ? " 

"If I hadn't been determined to make that wentur, sir," 
answered Mr. Tapley, "I shouldn't have come." 

"How much is there here, did you say?" asked Martin, 
holding up a little bag. 

"Thirty-seven pound ten and sixpence. The Savings Bank 
said so, at least. I never counted it. But they know, bless 
you," said Mark, with a shake of the head expressive of his 
unbounded confidence in the wisdom and arithmetic of those 

TOL. X. 


i«? m fatmight »Ufa u^" mU MmUm, 'IrOi 

w ihUlingN IrM than «%lit pookdft.* 
'l'a|>)o; ■mlled, utA kukid ill anM* «l w^% •« 
not be M|itiu«nl to kltKh an; la 
upaB lite rin^ — Am- ting, Hiitk," 
ally al Ilia ompt)- finger — 

Ahl " aiglH.! Mr. T»\.hy. " Rf* f ow pM^Hi, ^K.* 

" — Wamlaad, ^ Enfltah iMMwf , f onrtMB ponAl S^« 

b tkat, yam ahai* of lbs iluek is itUl mj «wk Ite fti 

Um twcs ^oa m. Nuw Mark," aiid IfaM^ to fe* 

•y, jnat la Iw ini|tht hav* apoka ta Ttm I'tai^ *I li 

Aciugbt id a IDBUU <it BMkiNg lUa ap la yov, — mmt i 

kk^ it u|> to you, 1 bi>|w, — and nty mmlmtitOj liwitf 

,<jur |<nB|>wla in Me." 

"Ub! tlun't talk ol that, you know, air." ntmnad Ih 
**] iliiii't want mi vlnTaling, at/. I '■■ all rigbl ^m^l^ < 

"Ni>, liut )ii'ar me," iui<l Martin, "bxaua* ibw u rnj i 
|-.rl.iiil I.. y\i. iiixl 11 j; *ati-fiirtT..ii I- tiw M.ri. - 

f..r..i:a ..f ..11 t 


iL I ain't acquainted with the business, sir. I must be Co., 
I must. I ' ve often thought, " he added in a low voice, *' as 
I ahould like to know a Co., but I little thought as ever I 
should live to be one." 

" You shall have your own way, Mark. " 

'' Thank' ee, sir. If any country gentleman thereabouts, in 
the public way, or otherwise, wanted such a thing as a skittle- 
ground made, I could take that part of the bis'ness, sir." 

''Against any architect in the States," said Martin. ''Get 
a couple of sherry-cobblers, Mark, and we '11 drink success to 
the firm." 

Either he forgot already (and often afterwards) that they 
were no longer master and servant, or considered this kind of 
duty to be among the legitimate functions of the Co. But 
Mark obeyed with his usual alacrity; and before they parted 
for the night, it was agreed between them that they should go 
together to the agent's in the morning, but that Martin should 
decide the Eden question on his own sound judgment. And 
Mark made no merit, even to himself in his jollity, of this 
concession; perfectly well knowing that the matter would come 
to that in the end, any way. 

The Greneral was one of the party at the public table next 
day, and after breakfast suggested that they should wait upon 
the agent without loss of time. They, desiring nothing more, 
agreed ; so off they all four started for the office of the £dcn 
Settlement, which was almost within rifle-shot of the National 

It was a small place — something like a turnpike. But a 
great deal of land may be got into a dice-box, and why may 
not a whole territory be bargained for in a shed ? It was but 
a temporary office too; for the Edeners were "going" to build 
a superb establishment for the transaction of their business, 
and had already got so far as to mark out the site, which is a 
great way in America. The office-door was wide oj>en, and in 
the doorway was the agent; no doubt a tremendous fellow to 
get through his work, for he seemed to have no arrears, but 
was swinging backwards and forwards in a rocking-chair, with 
one of his legs planted high up against the door-post, and the 
other doubled up under him, as if he were hatching his foot. 

He was a gaunt man in a huge straw hat, and a coat of green 
•tuff. The weather being hot, he had no cravat, and wore his 


un UP 

will* npm ; ao thai •nvy Mn* W 

wan K> tirit--h ami jerk up ta Ua tkmm 

awn in ■ )uqMiirlwir<l wbnn the boIm an 

■■ Uni Tmth (niMy ondmniariag to Iwp to Ife lf«,< 

II twirer nvrltnl Uirm. | 

Sn> gnj KTFa ]iirk«M| iWp Tithb tkia a g iwt't ^a^ tA 

tliua lud o<> *l(;kt in it, umI alnol alark flilL W*! 

« o( his fftw b» MMMd lo LMm to wImI lh» •*b« ^»i 

■g, TIhu Mch pnfihi had a diitiBft ^^Maiia ; mA 4 

aotaU* ri<U WW BUM* in Mtina^ Ifc* rigHl «•• w to 

tbat aUU ot wUeUuliMMK II ww )ik« Un^ (few • 

id« out, tn |M« ki tlMt vl*w «rf U> inbnw te ^ M 

mI, uhI M!r how r»kuhlii)|{ and iatoBt Dm; w««. 

iaA \aag libek hair vpoo hta bead kony tWvB ■• ^Mf^ 

■qr pkimnwl lin*, but niiB|il*>l lofb w«n « Ika w<Aw ^ 

tfm, M B tkv cmw wbiM (»•* ww dHply ycinlaJ n ^« 

BOa hail p^rkrH an<l lom thatn in « Mvaf* rniiQiii a tf t 

kindr»l natuiv u ■ liiril <if pn-y. 

Surli w.u th<> man w)i«m Uipt n«w B)>]>niariuol. a*d «k 
((-■ i;,t, -.>l.|l.-.| l.v ih.. mm.. ..( S ...|.|. r, 

■■W.U, i;.:, >.>!.■■ li-- r--luni..|. " Mi.\ l.o» .if,. , .: ■ ■ 

.Ami: liii,.i.^tl,.T, » 


esntB, "that's enough. But you didn't ought to have youi 
dander ris with m^, General." 

The General whispered Martin that Scadder was the honest- 
«■& fellow in the world, and that he would n't have given him 
offence designedly for ten thousand dollars. 

''I do my duty; and I raise the dander of my feller critters 
MB I wish to serve," said Scadder in a low voice, looking down 
the load and rocking still. " They rile up rough, along of my 
objecting to their selling Eden off too cheap. That 's human 
nator' ! Well ! " 

"Mr. Scadder," said the General, assuming his oratorical 
deportment "Sir! Here is my hand, and here my heart. 
I esteem you, sir, and ask your pardon. These gentlemen air 
friends of mine, or I would not have brought 'em here, sir, 
being well aware, sir, that the lots at present go entirely too 
dieap. But these air friends, sir; these air partick'ler 

Mr. Scadder was so satisfied by this explanation, that he 
ahook the General warmly by the hand, and got out of the 
rocking-chair to do it. He then invited the General's particu- 
lar friends to accompany him into the office. As to the Gen- 
eral, he observed, with his usual benevolence, that being one 
of the company, he wouldn't interfere in the transaction on 
any account; so he appropriated the rocking-chair to himself, 
and looked at the prospect, like a good Samaritan waiting for 
a traveller. 

** Heyday ! " cried Martin, as his eye rested on a great plan 
which occupied one whole side of the office. Indeed, the office 
had little else in it, but some geological and botanical speci- 
mens, one or two rusty ledgers, a homely desk, and a stool. 
Heyday! what's that?" 

That 's Eden, " said Scadder, picking his teeth with a sort 
of young bayonet that flew out of his knife when he touched a 

"Why, I had no idea it was a city." 

" Had n't you ? Oh, it 's a city. " 

A flourishing city, too ! An architectural city ! There were 
banks, churches, cathedrals, market-places, factories, hotels, 
stores, mansions, wharves; an exchange, a theatre; public 
buildings of all kinds, down to the office of the Eden Stinger, 
a daily journal — all faithfully depicted in the view before them. 

un ATO 4tiTE](Tvan or 

j»l 11 1 n-lij • aol i»fi««il |Iib!- i 

»rua, HiminK rmniL 

"But 1 ■!> tJtua,''«ia Martin, glMniw^Mtffcl 

uoBniUinin " tU tlxn '. i>.<U>ii>( !•» far <•• u *k' 

"W<u: ii.m'i^Mii,-r>i4kdii»ir->. -s«ia 

ThM WM • ({»~»' «'"''- 

"IV guikM.pU(», now," _>d MutiiL "blk«t*l 

"Tbitl" aid lb. aim, aiakui Ua 1 .l>|n* Ma 

raatbaimk oa Ua ki|i. -IM » an. !(.;««• 

"Bather « good job to btfia with— «l^ MHkt* 

rtia, nudging him with hit «lbov, 
^mA, who, with « vuy itolid wwmttiMiw hirf h 
the plan and the agent b; tuna, a w ly t^jouMd ** Uw 
A dMd lUence ennied ; Ur. Seaddar ia mm* Ab 

or vacationx of hia toothpick whiatltnl a frw I 


nnil 1.I.-W th^ .luHt 

II,.- |.l,n 

. f'-il 


J r - -• *^ 



less and well-intentioned, are quite out of place, and cannot be 
expected to be very agreeable to strangers. I am quite sur- 
prised. " 

''The Co. 's a putting his foot in it already," thought Mark. 
'' He must be a sleeping partner — fast asleep and snoring — Co. 
must; /see." 

Mr. Scadder said nothing, but he set his back against the 
plan, and thrust his toothpick into the desk some twenty times ; 
looking at Mark all the while as if he were stabbing him in 

"You haven't said whose work it is," Martin ventured to 
observe, at length, in a tone of mild propitiation. 

"Well, never mind whose work it is, or isn't," said the 
agent sulkily. "No matter how it did eventuate. P'raps he 
cleared olF, handsome, with a heap of dollars; p'raps he wasn't 
worth a cent. P'raps he was a loafin' rowdy; p'raps a ring- 
tailed roarer. Now ! " 

All your doing, Mark ! " said Martin. 
P'raps," pursued the agent, "them ain't plants of Eden's 
raising. No! P'raps that desk and stool ain't made from Eden 
lumber. No! P'raps no end of squatters ain't gone out there. 
No! P'raps there ain't no such location in the territoary of 
the Great U-nited States. Oh no ! " 

" I hope you 're satisfied with the success of your joke, 
Mark," said Martin. 

But here, at a most opportune and happy time, the Greneral 
interposed, and called out to Scadder from the doorway to give 
his friends the particulars of that little lot of fifty acres with 
the house upon it ; which, having belonged to the compcmy for- 
merly, had lately lapsed again into their hands. 

"You air a deal too open-handed, Gren'ral," was the answer. 
"It is a lot as should be rose in price. It is." 

He gnimblingly opened his books notwithstanding, and al- 
ways keeping his bright side towards Mark, no matter at what 
amount of inconvenience to himself, displayed a certain leaf for 
their perusal. Martin read it greedily, and then inquired : — 

" Now where upon the plan may this place be f " 

" Upon the plan f " said Scadder. 


He turned towards it, and reflected for a short time, as if, 
having been put upon his mettle, he was resolved to be paitic- 

un UR> AWMiuui «r 

. U It wiwv ■ carrier pipun juiA UmvB vf^ b« ■ 
dot a llM dnwia^ and yU— tJ tk* *«y «■& 

AUrtiti«Luind witliipuUtng «;MBpw y><V.«irfte* 
■w Uat the Uiin(t wm daD«. 

Tlw laritaiD wm Di>t nnrjwlpd h mulj m MJ^M hH«% 
«pMtod thnugb, fnr Scail't'-r w«i cmMic and tU-hMBaan^i 
OSt nnrli iiiian-mmrr Df<fuoli»«i in tik* wmj ; ■> ^m lto» 
m U. tliink ul iI,mh1 f»U afgria ^ ■ v«*«*t 
It; at aiMillirr, [>rr<l»rtin|[ iW tb^ wuaUa't IA« A: 
, nB«ni>ii t(i Twtract taii kt Xbrm iff, ^id vtfH 
•tnag Imjirvealioiw U]n<m llx' (mIIjt •!< tW (itumt ftn ' 
whole nf ihf aMtn(iniliii)i1v amall Rum l<4al of pgn-hMi mi mm 
it WOK iiiily orii- liutiilml uiil hflv il"1lBn>, <« ■••airthit^ ■ 


attentiye thoughtfulness was written on it. Strangely different 
to the other side ! He was not a man much given to laughing, 
and never laughed outright; but every line in the print of the 
crow's foot, and every little wiry vein in that division of his 
head, was wrinkled up into a grin ! The compound figure of 
Death and the Lady at the top of the old ballad was not divided 
with a greater nicety, and hadn't halves more monstrously 
unlike each other, than the two profiles of Zephaniah Scadder. 

The General posted along at a great rate, for the clock was 
on the stroke of twelve; and at that hour precisely, the Great 
Meeting of the Watertoast Sympathisers was to be holden in 
the public room of the National Hotel. Being very curious 
to witness the demonstration, and know what it was all about, 
Martin kept close to the General: and, keeping closer than 
erer when they entered the Hall, got by that means upon a 
little platform of tables at the upper end ; where an arm-chair 
was aet for the Greneral, and Mr. La Elyette Kettle, as secre- 
tary, was making a great display of some foolscap documents — 
Screamers, no doubt. 

" Well, sir ! " he said, as he shook hands with Martin, " here 
is a spectacle calculated to make the British Lion put his tail 
between his legs, and howl with anguish, I expect ! " 

l^lartin certainly thought it possible that the British Lion 
might have been rather out of his element in that Ark, but he 
kept the idea to himself. The General was then voted to the 
€hair, on the motion of a pallid lad of the Jefferson Brick 
flchooi; who forthwith set in for a high-spiced speech, with a 
good deal about hearths and homes in it, and unriveting the 
chains of Tyranny. 

Oh, but it was a clincher for the British Lion, it was ! The 
indignation of the glowing young Columbian knew no bounds. 
If he could only have been one of his own forefathers, he said, 
would n't he have peppered that same Lion, and been to him 
aa another Brute Tamer with a wire whip, teaching him lessons 
Dot easily forgotten. "Lion! (cried that young Columbian) 
where is hef Who is hef What is he? Show him to me. 
Let me have him here. Here ! '' said the young Columbian, in 
a wrestling attitude, " upon this sacred altar. Here ! '' cried 
the young Columbian, idealising the dining-table, "upon ances- 
tral ashes, cemented with the glorious blood poured out like 
water on our native plains of Chickabiddy Lick I Bring forth 

(iii;inl'<* t-liH-k. iiint i'li:iii>;i*«l thi* vrry mran tiar i 

KllL'l lll'l'- '■ 

•■ \\ '.-. . ::.: ' " M .M:ii t. '.. jri!'.- i •■ I . K k. 

'I"i.'- >■ ri t ii \ u: ■•• •■Mt* I'm..:. %•:■■ ^-i • . 
|i.t|H ?. i\\:-!i-i It '.ji, .i!i'l )ii>| It i-i ■' : : '..■■ ■ 
1: iTi'l II w.i^ .III ir.i;-! -M !ii« h! ••:i ::.• - . i -• • ' 
III'- ■ 1- r- "ii Ilk ii'l«" .k !ii III .1" .iu\ ill ti .r • . .:.!?% 

!''.■' •. ■•':.'*" r;rii}.' iTi w.i- -■:■■•■•!. 1 * ■, .• ■ 
;■ . ' • ,- 'i,, . '\ I... i|r.\v •! ■« !: ^!. r« • ■ f . ■' 

■> I 

*.•.•• • 

. \. -. 

. ! ? - . , . 

T' : 1* "■. i' !' '. * . ■' •!.• ir .•:■»! 

]■ •• '.r\ ■ :!i T.' . ' : .!■•.-.?. -I.-I.i:!- . f 

mIs it til'- \N i!. ••■. ^ v T -% r'l ■.»:). ^-. !. i- i . ^. i 

wliipf r»- til- ■. ".\.:- -\ '.i'- !?';• ?■■ I • ■- ^l 4:* 

I I !._•■ ;?:!'■ 1^ ■ ■.:■'.■'■."'. \u :'.• i»!K k- ■. : 
, • 1 « I . . '. t '■ . • L . i • i ) • ' ■ • ^ • * ■ ■ 

S. ■ • ■ • I • \ . ''\ ' ■. ' ■ ■. : • 1 '. ■ I / • ■ ;■■ !,'.:• ! • 

;■ . • . I i- ■ ■ •■ '• " . \\ ', .r . I . r }( 

!■ . M .•. • I:.: . . ■ ''.: >.. : 1 I . ■•.-. • ■- - 

■ : ■ • ' ■ '. 1 - *- ■ I . r . \ 
I!: : . • : ' ' : \' . : ' ' ■• . ^ ■- r \ 

V r ". * ■ • . ■ ■■. • ■ ' .■. • 


" ' Sib, — 

'^ * I address you on behalf of the Watertoast Association of 
United Sympathisers. It is founded, sir, in the great republic 
of America! and now holds its breath, and swells the blue 
veins in its forehead nigh to bursting, as it watches, sir, with 
feyerish intensity and sympathetic ardour, your noble efforts in 
the cause of Freedom — ' " 

At the name of Freedom, and at every repetition of that 
name, all the Sympathisers roared aloud; cheering with nine 
times nine, and nine times over. 

" * — In Freedom's name, sir — holy Freedom — I address 
you. In Freedom's name, I send herewith a contribution to the 
funds of your Society. In Freedom's name, sir^ I advert with 
indignation and disgust to that accursed animal, with gore- 
stained whiskers, whose rampant cruelty and fiery lust have 
ever been a scourge, a torment to the world. The naked visi- 
tors to Crusoe's Island, sir, the flying wives of Peter Wilkins, 
the fruit-smeared children of the tangled bush, — nay, even the 
men of large stature, anciently bred in the mining districts of 
Cornwall, — alike bear witness to its savage nature. Where, 
■ir, are the Cormorans, the Blundcrbores, the Great Feefofums, 
named in History f all, all, exterminated by its destroying 

" * I allude, sir, to the British Lion. 

" * Devoted, mind and body, heart and soul, to Freedom, sir 
— to Freedom, blessed solace to the snail upon the cellar-door, 
the oyster in his pearly bed, the still mite in his home of 
cheese, the very winkle of your country in his shelly lair — in 
her unsullied name, we offer you our sympathy. Oh, sir, in 
this our cherished and our happy land, her fires bum bright 
and clear and smokeless; once lighted up in yours, the lion 
shall be roasted whole. • 

"* I am, sir, in Freedom's name, 
" * Your affectionate friend and faithful Sympathiser, 

" * Cyrus Choke, 

"'General, U. S. M.'" 

It happened that just as the General began to read this 
letter the railroad train arrived, bringing a new mail from 
EiDgland ; and a packet had been handed in to the Secretary, 
which during its perusal and the frequent cheerings in homage 



.jvHlon, tw hail opetud. Now, ila c 
■mch, Mul Um BMHMot tlip G«a««l Ml 4»v«, ha h« 
1 ikla, and plawd in lUa bawl * Mfar mj MVMirf pai 
da (ran EngUali iwi H 9 « p a» ; to wlikk, teaa^ ^ 1 
-wilcnrat. U oOImI kk iaiMdiala illiKiiw. 
I OhmaI, baing Rnady hMUd k^ Ua «•■ aiafHii 
. ui a fit aUta ki TMBint U7 JnlWiiniW* brfamH; W 
m1 M KMoar poMWMd hinaaU o( Uta «n«l«rta W (ha* * 
aita than • uangB cans o?«r Ua laaa^ iaiajiiag «aA • fe 
joauA of ebolor uu) pa Mk wi llM dw mm^ «aMM^ « 
Jlaot in a minwinl, in nty vtoadar at tlw dsM ti Um. 
'Hf Irinbib!" crifd tba OManl, mugi ""V Mab < 
nr-ctUutu, «re Imtv been BMaUlua in lUa ■aB." 
-In what luAii t " «*• till! •:!>■. 

"lo tLi«," 1..11I-.-.; i-i. i.-i.- : I.'. . -...- .-i---- - 
md aloud a few minnlaa Mofo. " I Aad Ikii Iw ha* h 
and is, the advocate — cocwiatent in it alwajr^ tu> — 14 Ni| 
enuiDci|iati<ili! " 

U ..jivil.ui/ l.^n.Mtti ll.r -kv 1.. r.-^l. tt..-. S -.. '. > ~- 

H].l, .1 -ir..ii. Vi.-\ !■.!.■ tl,.. l.:t.t, .,.-; !■.■ i-..-- tt...l .l..«l, -A.- I.;.,, - ... ll,. , (. ;i. ..;.-l I.:...;, I. ,- . 
.m.| hi"..l. lul tl^.x ■■.ill .fs 1. . l.M.-.r 

-I -litil in. .I.,- -,:.l U.. Im i,.i..l. u:„i, l>.- r.-,, : .. 

-If Ii. ,r.i, -Ih.ll!- U.l.rT...-! \.-.,,I.-. ; I ■.. -- 

( 1.1 i-: ■■ 

I'jlri..!. -1... Ui-i .U.liU-.! ll-iu i.u hi«;i. J.w 


tare that be and his friends would hang, without trial, any 
Abolitionist who might pay them a visit. For the surplus, it 
was agreed that it should be devoted to aiding the enforcement 
of those free and equal laws, which render it incalculably more 
criminal and dangerous to teach a negro to read and write than 
to roast him alive in a public city. These points adjusted, the 
meeting broke up in great disorder; and there was an end of 
tlie Watertoast Sympathy. 

As Martin ascended to his bedroom, his eye was attracted by 
the Republican banner, which had been hoisted from the house- 
top in honour of the occasion, and was fluttering before a win- 
dow which he passed. 

"Tut I'' said Martin. "You're a gay flag in the distance. 
Bat let a man be near enough to get the light upon the other 
side^ and see through you, and you are but ^rry fustian I " 

Lira AMD A wwn vtm m 


A* noo M it WM ganmllr Ibovb Ik tk» Wit ■ 1 I 

tbit Um joaag gwgtiifciMii^ ]{r. Qmnlnrlt, kal Mih^ 
lo-ortion " in the Valkj of Edra, and iBtMidad to kiM> M 
to thai eartU7 PuMlMa bjr the nnrt ijiiimIiiwI. ^ bv 
popular obatwtor. Vfhj thia ahoaU H w b« II ^ • 
to paM, Martin no mon knaw than liim. Oa^^ W l&f 
Slm-t, llit(ti Holtium, iti<l : Init tliat he wm, for tbr ti»r h 
tl><- li.»>, l>v i-.i.ulur <'»n. of tl>.' \V^l.rt,«.l <.<ls,x 
,m.i 1I...1 h., -" H.i. in r,>t!,.r .t,..,in. :.:■ :.■, ■■ -u ■ 
..■uli 1.- u- kii..| ..( .1 ■■.1.1. 

Tl... hr-l i,..tLr!. .!;..,> !,.■ r-.-^v.-.l .f tl..- . ^ .: .- 

,1 !t,.. |.rai:i;.i,-.. ..( ).:: 
i ,■. ).f..r.- V--1. r.|.>, \- 
■ . : :r.. I .-.; . f 1, ■ 

\ ■.- M. - W , 

-Tlf M..,.......i.l.. M. 



" P. S. — The Society would not be particular in limiting 
'ou to the Tower of London. Permit me to suggest that any 
emarks upon the Elements of Geology, or (if more convenient) 
ipon the Writings of your talented and witty countryman, the 
honourable Mr. Miller, would be well received." 

Very much aghast at this invitation, Martin wrote back, 

ivilly declining it; and had scarcely done so, when he received 

koother letter. 

** No. 47 Bunker Hill Street, 
** (Private.) Monday Morning. 

" Sir, — 

''I was raised in those interminable solitudes where our 

nighty Mississippi (or Father of Waters) rolls his turbid flood. 

I am young, and ardent. For there is a poetry in wild- 

and every alligator basking in the slime is in himself an 

BpiCy self-contained. I aspirate for fame. It is my yearning 

ind my thirst. 

**Ape you, sir, aware of any member of Congress in Eng- 
land, who would undertake to pay my expenses to that coun- 
ty and for six months after my arrival ? 

^' There is something within me which gives me the assur- 
ince that this enlightened patronage would not be thrown 
iway. In literature or art; the bar, the pulpit, or the stage; 
in one or other, if not all, I feel that I am certain to succeed. 

" If too much engaged to write to any such yourself, please 
let me have a list of three or four of those most likely to re- 
spond, and I will address them through the Post Office. May 
I also ask you to favour me with any critical observations that 
have ever presented themselves to your reflective faculties, on 
* Cain, a Mystery, ' by the Right Honourable Lord Byron ? 

" I am, Sir, 
"Yours (forgive me if I add, soaringly), 

"Putnam Smif. 
" P. S. — Address your answer to America Junior, Messrs, 
Hancock & Floby, Dry Goods Stere, as above." 

Both of which letters, together with Martin's reply to each, 
were, according to a laudable custom, much tending to the 
promotion of gentlemanly feeling and social confldence, pub- 
lished in the next number of the Watertoast Gazette. 

Ixm Ain> AVvmviM a* 

BKi Mndf tpit IkroBKh Utla niiiM|MiiM 

B iwdflidc, the Undlord, ktwUf oan* np rtiin M ^ I 
«v gottins ini. TIm Ca|>uin m* d*nni m^^ ik* tad M 
■ «polw ; and AnditiK it ntiur tMfd, i»«tw4 I* iIm pBa*. 
" Well, sir t " auil tlirf C«t>taiD. patti^ has hal • M* ■ 
t oiw •itk, f(it it wa« nthrr tight ui Ite eravm; ^jm 
oito • imMie man, I nilr'latr." 
"Ho it m^tOM," ntnrtMl Martiii, wha vw vwy UiiJ. 
"(loT citUoni, sir," (niRiinl ibe fcpuin, "nlvai Ik 
bur napecU Id jml Yria will Iwtd ta huld a antt *4 1^^ 
d^ wbUvyou'r* borv." 
"Fonn above!" criMl Mutin, "I w«Ua'> ^ tti^ 

"1 iMbs jin WKrt, tlm," mM Un Oi|ifci». 
"llnat ii Bol ■ plMaanl wonl, Uptata,* v^ Xalte. 
"W«Dt 1 didn't 111 UMBwlbtflaaipi^i^^l^ 
fix it." Mid Ibe Tai-Uiu n-Ulv: "rin I'd ^* it p^ 
You iiiiHt n>-ci'iv<-. Tluit'ii all." 

'■Iliil «l,v -),... .1.1 ! n-.-.MV.- 1---.I.1.. «h'. .^T^ k* rc-i-t 1 t 
a- I ...r- f..r (i,..., 1" .i-k.-.l M.irlin 

■■U,U, 1., ,.,-.. I liui.. l,.«i tt MMm.m.iit i-jt ■;;. ;:; :* •. 
I ■(,.■ .,,,,,: 

"A «h:.l! 

i M.rl 

M..rliii 1.-.L.-I .i.-)..i 
1... r..i.L.„, „,...,„! ., -., 
.-.■., V tti- W,T..r;..,-(. 


Captain Kedgick put a thumb and three fingers to each side 
of the brim of his hat; lifted it a little way off his head; put 
it on again carefully; passed one hand all down his face, 
beginning at the forehead and ending at the chin; looked at 
Martin; then at Mark; then at Martin again; winked; and 
walked out 

*' Upon my life, now ! " said Martin, bringing his hand heav- 
ily upon the table; "such a perfectly unaccountable fellow as 
that, I never saw. Mark, what do you say to this ? " 

"Why, sir," returned his partner, "my opinion is that we 
must have got to the most remarkable man in the country at 
last. So I hope there 's an end to the breed, sir. " 

Although this made Martin laugh, it could n't keep off two 
o'clock. Punctually, as the hour struck. Captain Kedgick 
retnmed to hand him to the room of state; and he had no 
sooner got him safe there than he bawled down the staircase 
to his fellow-citizens below that Mr. Chuzzlewit was *' receiv- 

Up they came with a rush. Up they came until the room 
was full, and, through the open door, a dismal perspective of 
more to come was shown upon the stairs. One after another, 
(me after another, dozen after dozen, score after score, more, 
more, more, up they came; all shaking hands with Martin. 
Such varieties of hands, the thick, the thin, the short, the 
bng, the fat, the lean, the coarse, the fine; such differences of 
temperature, the hot, the cold, the dry, the moist, the flabby ; 
sach diversities of grasp, the tight, the loose, the short-lived, 
and the lingering! Still up, up, up, more, more, more; and 
ever and anon the Captain's voice was heard above the crowd 
— "There's more below; there's more below. Now, gentle- 
men, you that have been introduced to Mr. Chuzzlewit, will 
you clear, gentlemen t Will you clear f Will you be so good 
as clear, gentlemen, and make a little room for more ? " 

Regardless of the Captain's cries, they didn't clear at all, 
bat stood there, bolt upright and staring. Two gentlemen 
connected with the Watertoast Gazette had come express to 
get the matter for an article on Martin. They had agreed 
to divide the labour. One of them took him below the waist- 
eoat; one above. Each stood directly in front of his subject 
with his head a little on one side, intent on his department. 
If Martin put one boot before the other, the lower gentleman 



. dnn Bpoa Unt ; he nifcbad • ftmptm <a him h^m| 

r gmtltiMii booked iL H* opwil hw — ik b ^ 

ttw Maw BMiUcnui wm on ou kva hi<«> hn, M| 

a his LMib, wjtb tlw Bin aBntt^r ■! • iliiaK, Aafl 

thr [ihrMofDoniiail «m1 i^vwiAli^iMl mdmi^ pm^ dl 

n with waUhfnl ijea and UcUNt Kt"^ »d M«ilia*i 

Mira darifiK Umb Um rMl, nad* ■ nad gnip «l th» hA rf 

•Md, uiit Twialml in tbi ntivtL TImj- tii4 Um ib «A pa 

t vinr: ia (mit, in pn)AI«; lhn»-4)tMitar Im*. aad hiM 

Iwae who wnni n'lt jxofoMuBal ur teimmliMt amdiUf tm^t^ 

0|MiiaBs Oft hM looks. N«w Hsbl* Aom ia afiw U^ » 

^•a of ht> RIM. Cnitoadidiwr nranan w«a ab^ «! 

■nfcJMl of hl> luUr. And atiU Um Chfrida'a ««ri» «h ^ 

■0 iliflad bjr the CMwnona Iktf be iimiJ Io *f«A fe«« ^ 

Malli t (aailbM.twl — ■idaiiia^ — " OwiIpwm. y«« Italk 

fiaea intjodaead to Mr. Cbiuolawlt, WU yga dMrt ' 

Evpt) wtifD thvjr brgu to cltw, it wa« no IvttM . Iw i 
a Mtn-nm i-f k<'IiI1<'I">*iV i-vitt i>n- with « Iwlt •« •wh ■ 
(.■^^..lly IJk- ll,.. .liMfi.- I-. 111'.- S^U■■<>^^ VtiU.-.ti - -,-. K -i, ll,,.i ti,. !,.t. .1.1.1 t.r.l ..1, .!..^;t,.- I.. ;;,. ..;.-: '■ 
If Ili.-v -j...k.. I . }lum, "L- i,-.| ..ft.T,. :■.. . 

r.-Ni..r-. ..r .|.li. >-. .t . .ri-i.l-r ,1..,,. th^:, .! ■■ .. - 
ti-iir.. ..( -t..]K. ).'ir 1ji..-I, .,r..l [..i.i (. r, jr,! - -. ; -- ■ 

lli-ir .i.ii.;i.t. IS.n "},.|,. ,!i li,.- -l-w r .■::.. i ■ . .i 
.1..-.! "II. It «,L. I- K,.| I, . „.,, ,i n-.l »..r" I : :■ . 
Cr.-w t..i.|. ...i . i:,,. .1. ... .. .l.-..( t),.:,- :■.-,. v: . 


and as Mark, with all his vigilance, was unahle to keep them 
fiom the door, he resolved to go to bed — not that he felt at all 
sure of bed being any protection, but that he might not leave a 
iorlom hope untried. 

He had communicated this design to Mark, and was on the 
ere of escaping, when the door was thrown open in a great 
huny, and an elderly gentleman entered, bringing with him a 
lady who certainly could not be considered young — that was 
matter of fact ; and probably could not be considered handsome 
^bot that was matter of opinion. She was very straight, very 
tell, and not at all flexible in face or figure. On her head she 
wore a great straw bonnet, with trimmings of the same, in 
which she looked as if she had been thatched by an unskilful 
labourer; and in her hand she held a most enormous fan. 

" Mr. Chuzzlewit, I believe t " said the gentleman. 

"That is my name." 

**8ir," said the gentleman, "I am pressed for time." 

" Thank God ! " thought Martin. 

" I go back Toe my home, sir, " pursued the gentleman, " by 
the return train, which starts immediate. Start is not a word 
yofQ use in your country, sir." 
Oh, yes, it is," said Martin. 

You air mistaken, sir," returned the gentleman, with great 
decision ; " but we will not pursue the subject, lest it should 
awake your prgjtt — dice. Sir, Mrs. Hominy." 

Martin bowed. 

"Mrs. Hominy, sir, is the lady of Major Hominy, one of our 
ehicest spirits ; and belongs Toe one of our most aristocratic fam- 
ilies. You air, p'raps, acquainted, sir, with Mrs. Hominy's 
writings f " 

Martin could n't say he was. 

"You have much Toe learn and Toe enjoy, sir," said the 
gentleman. " Mrs. Hominy is going Toe stay until the end of 
the Fall, sir, with her married daughter at the settlement of 
New ThermopylsB, three days this side of Eden. Any atten- 
tion, sir, that you can show Toe Mrs. Hominy upon the 
journey will be very grateful Toe the Major and our fellow- 
dtitens. Mrs. Hominy, I wish you good night, ma'am, and 
a pleasant pro-gress on your rout ! " 

Martin could scarcely believe it; but he had gone, and Mrs. 
Hominy was drinking the milk. 

B Ika em U imt^ aiith ■• lad w if thm miX w M 
. ud MWjret*. " 

igi ftOil atwysn, lu'aiB t ** wid Marlia. 

U, Umb, 1 do auppoM 7«m 'U havAy •«•!■■ mf ^im 

lMi>.H.«uiv "Mjt (MytU^l i)»MI" 

wtftppMr UiattkMa iKpwiBWk itllwu^Tlij ^m 

Mwde with an nigal taMntty, tfond i» Mad W imf 

I would witlidnw to t^ (kil MMs ^ ^^ ««K ^ 

•Um iBiniHlutely. 

rkt" Mid Martin. "Touch ■% viD 7«»l A* I 

AiDjr ii, (ir," ntwiwd h» fuiam 
.JN u» Mrt «l wtnsB. iIt, m wonld W ti umiil vA W 
wym wid* npeit, and bar dUnd « vvkiag lar ha 
fpMd, •! uijr h<fur of tb* i»j vr nliiltL" 

Tl)»jr Iwd no oppurtiinity «f M^t^ Burr. ! - ^l 
iitalkt'-i tn A«c«ln — tbtj rnrt, in jitimJ -f to 
ali<l li>t)i|iii^ III lii'i <:td*t-0 ltui>i* ■ tv>l '■ i: 

1* a.l..,.l..| t. 

■ ...-iiiiri. .ir; ».i"l Mr* H c 


''Most strangers — and partick'larly Britishers — are much 
mrpriaed by what they see in the U-nited States," remarked 
lira. Hominy. 

**They have excellent reason to be so, ma'am," said Martin. 
' I never was so much surprised in all my life. " 

*'Our institutions make our people smart much, sir?" Mrs. 
BLominy remarked. 

*'The most short-sighted man could see that at a glance, 
rith bis naked eye," said Martin. 

Mrs. Hominy was a philosopher and an authoress, and con- 
lequently had a pretty strong digestion; but this coarse, this 
ndecorous phrase, was almost too much for her. For a gentle- 
nan sitting alone with a lady — although the door was open — 
io talk about a naked eye ! 

A long interval elapsed before even she — woman of mascu- 
line and towering intellect though she was — could call up for- 
dtude enough to resume the conversation. But Mrs. Hominy 
iras a traveller. Mrs. Hominy was a writer of reviews and 
inalytical disquisitions. Mrs. Hominy had had her letters 
^m abroad, beginning *'My ever dearest blank," and signed 
* The Mother of the Modem Gracchi " (meaning the married 
Miss Hominy), regularly printed in a public journal, with all 
^e indignation in capitals, and all the sarcasm in italics. 
Mrs. Hominy had looked on foreign countries with the eye of 
ft perfect republican hot from the model oven; and Mrs. Hom- 
iny could talk (or write) about them by the hour together. 
^ Mrs. Hominy at last came down on Martin heavily, and, as 
be was fast asleep, she had it all her own way, and bruised 
[lim to her heart's content. 

It is no great matter what Mrs. Hominy said, save that she 
had learned it from the cant of a class, and a large class, of her 
fellow-countrymen, who, in their every word, avow themselves 
to be as senseless to the high principles on which America 
sprang, a nation, into life, as any Orson in her legislative halls ; 
who are no more capable of feeling, or of caring if they did 
feel, that, by reducing their own country to tlie ebb of honest 
men's contempt, they put in hazanl the rights of nations yet 
unborn, and the very progress of the human race, than are the 
Bwine who wallow in their streets; who think that crying out 
to other nations, old in their iniquity, ** We are no worse than 
yon I'' (no worse!) is high defence and 'vantage ground 

un ASD juiTurrcua or 


lot th«t RopuUk, bul jMUtd^ kl 1 
DHUB (iMUM!, ami IniL UmUjt M ■niwiil Hid I 
mttv •nil ulcere foul to the »jm aod alaaa 
Mun, tint ber lasit (riMid* Uun b^ Urn lurite^ ■ 
with dufput ; whflv htvine fay tlMir MiiMlnii di^Ml « 
thstr ludnpaoiliiDra, Imsbm Ikmy woald Hi kal A» 
to earuin fubtk no* ami aofrapUona, aad wmU atf dl 
thn tnttK ntn in Um IW, and tam Ikifr hM^Bip 
GfXHl, anil lirioijt down oinl«nl«l wUh iha wni^ad kiM 
ulW Teint'loa obu u« uf kUm, •ad iltwi wtiA hriiv 
Dujr tw fluufc ladi, — thuw UiriMilTe^ is IImI khais ■ ki 
vimU; bebind Um import of lb* Uih* tlMjr hiH mA i 
wnrtfaj to iKMMM it, u if iIh Mrdid ItatfalMW^ ^ J 
liUl* govwminmb — nmth nnr • kiflgdow m ite ^nA 4f 

— WITT !ir .1.-':" i-' ■ '--i;- f-r "riil«o«i a^^M* lhi» 

M.n f.r«««k*UMl kitaii 

<>r B i;: 1. an tB|wrf<K« ^m* 

he had luimU'ri-.! n [nrtiL-iiLar frirml, and a<uUn't fM 
thr l.-!v, Wli.i, liir. .vr. ..|-n.-I it «*• .Unn.- L;a ! 

Ill,' -rii.r.- M .- lli.' li..rnM.' I! .^.l.^^. l.:».;.. . - 
ill ,. m.l."li...,- -1,1. ■!!.■, ..ii.l i-.nt..,^- ( ;:!. I..: ■ ■■. 
iiii-.,t, 1.. .11. I, .,ti .M-i.t Ih-it th.- M,j :- >.-:.-.: - 
h-Mntin h.r. W..1I.I li.v f..ri:iv.ii Kih. fr. ru ;!.■ -. ■■. 
h.-..rl. M.irtiii i.n.-lil I,.*- .I..,- -.m-i1.u..- i-.---^- 
K.,,,^ 1,,.,1 „..l -...iii.l..i f..r .iii.,-.r, l.,t -mi .-. : . r -; 
liiii.-lv, iiii.i hiMi,^ -l.ili^.n.,! Mr-. H -ithi-.v »: :■. 

.if ii,'.. i.i.i., h- t--.k i.-f-i^-- .It t!,.- i..«.T.i.f ;..-..-.; . 

il. h- 

, .in.-l 1-.. f . 


«s if the snuffle were a temporary malady, of which she was 
determined to rid herself by some means or other; and, in 
thort, was such a remarkable companion that Martin quite 
settled it between himself and his conscience that in any new 
settlement it would be absolutely necessary to have such a 
person knocked on the head for the general peace of society. 

In the mean time Mark was busy, from early in the morning 
until late at night, in getting on board the steamboat such 
provisions, tools, and other necessaries as they had been fore- 
warned it would be wise to take. The purchase of these 
things, and the settlement of their bill at the National, reduced 
their finances to so low an ebb that, if the captain had delayed 
his departure any longer, they would have been in almost as 
had a plight as the unfortunate poorer emigrants, who (seduced 
on board by solemn advertisement) had been living on the 
lower deck a whole week, and exhausting their miserable stock 
of provisions before the voyage commenced. There they were, 
all huddled together, with the engine and the fires. Farmers 
who had never seen a plough; woodmen who had never used 
an axe; builders who couldn't make a box, — cast out of their 
own land, with not a hand to aid them ; newly come into an 
unknown world, children in helplessness, but men in wants — 
with younger children at their backs, to live or die as it might 

The morning came; and they would start at noon. Noon 
esme, and they would start at night. But nothing is eternal 
in this world, not even the procrastination of an American 
skipper, and at night all was ready. 

Dispirited and weary to the last degree, but a greater lion 
than ever (he had done nothing all the afternoon but answer 
letters from strangers ; half of them about nothing ; half about 
borrowing money; and all requiring an instantaneous reply), 
Martin walked down to the wharf, through a concourse of peo- 
ple, with Mrs. Hominy upon his arm; and went on board. 
But Mark was bent on solving the riddle of this lionship, if he 
ooold ; and so, not without the risk of being left behind, ran 
back to the hotel. 

Captain Kedgick was sitting in the colonnade, with a julep 
on his knee, and a cigar in his mouth. He caught Mark's 
eye, and said : — 

"Why, what the 'Tarnal brings you heret" 

11 jron pUinly wImI 11 k, ( 
■M M au ywu • ipwaliun. " 

**A >iaB IU7 Ml- > i](H«tiin. mi h« ■■y,'* P^^Hib^l 
19I7 inplyiDf that utolhrr nan aughl not ^bw • f 
,„^ «>ba niiithLn't. 
" Wlut havo Itw; bMB mrttnt » MwA 4^ Ub ft^ • 
kill Mwit ulilj. "CohmiI" 
"(hir ]>n>|>i> Ilk" nt-ntMn«Dt, ** w»aBan4 K^lftrk ■« 

"Bat how hw Iw udtod 'Ml" a^ad liak. 

Tl» CkpUiD look«l at Ub « if W vim ^ ^1h 
ulKudHi hia "■t'Mt <rf a mrttil lolUk 

" 7oa air a goiagl " b* aid. 

"QoingroiadHark. "Aia'twr I jw^^ 

"Oiu fwopl* lika sz-dtaaaBt,' 
"H« aia't lika emigranta in gia'nl; tmi W 1 
<rf thia; " ha vifikMl and ban* iato a tmathmt4 I 
of thin. S<-ail<I>>r i« a «ntMl mail, and — and — M 
I.. VAi-n .v.r .■..iiii-s ).wk a-livf !" 

Th- «||>|( »>- .: ,ll l,..ll.i. ..ImI .1 th.l T-l.U! 

.n . 

.-.iiiiii^ I 


U(k -.IT 




Thkrb happened to be on board the steamboat several gen- 
tlemen passengers, of the same stamp as Martin's New York 
Eriend Mr. Bevan; and in their society he was cheerful and 
hmppy. They released him as well as they could from the 
intellectuBl entanglements of Mrs. Hominy; and exhibited, in 
ill they said and did, so much good sense and high feeling 
that he could not like them too well. ** If this were a repub- 
lic of Intellect and Worth," he said, ** instead of vapouring and 
jobbing, they would not want the levers to keep it in motion." 

*' Having good tools, and using bad ones," returned Mr. 
Tftpley, " would look as if they was rather a poor sort of car- 
penters, sir, wouldn't it?" 

Martin nodded. "As if their work were infinitely above 
their powers and purpose, Mark; and they botched it in conse- 
quence. " 

"The best on it is," said Mark, "that when they do happen 
to make a decent stroke — such as better workmen, with no 
such opportunities, make every day of their lives and think 
nothing of — they begin to sing out so surprising loud. Take 
^lotice of my words, sir. If ever the defaulting part of this 
fcere country pays its debts — along of finding that not paying 
•m won't do in a commercial point of view, you see, and is 
'^Convenient in its consequences — they '11 take such a shine out 
^^ it, and make such bragging speeches, that a man might sup- 
^o«e no borrowed money had ever been paid afore, since the 
^orld was first begun. That 's the way they gammon each 
*^lier, sir. Bless you, / know 'em. Take notice of my words, 
low ! " 

" You seem to be growing profoundly sagacious I " cried Mar- 
^^ laughing. 

un Axv AortxTFUB or 


" 1 

joanwj u«mf Kilrn, uui un hn^bnuaf «(^ i 
«u't my. l>'rB[« l>y the time I |«l ttMtiw, I aUl l«»| 
IBto ft praphrt. " 

Hfl gftv« no uttrntir* to tiMM iwliwiili ; krt Ife « 
joruUty dwjr iiu>(i(r*^ witlun Um, Mad tha Manairf 
teoof^ a|K« hi> ■hitUim fM^ wra qitil* «aa«^ !■ I 
AlUtougli W ni^t ■niriimw pralHa to ^^ Hi^ • 
puttwr'ft tiitrhftiMJiWif dtMiftikMi^ mhI Mfhk aa^ta 
is the nw of &|ibudftk flwddM', laj Ua tw>MBi 
menUtor, In wm alw^s HOrfbU «rf Um mCm* at ka a 
in rawng Um to hin'iiliitn^ ftiiil niiTH» WbAal 
U Um kuMrar to pniiu trf U wnlfawJ auk • >A ll •■ 
UgioQi^ rad b» emdil tM4 ehooM' hnl h» itfreHd. 

At Snt thajr putad with mm of thiir pMH|H ■ 
twice ft dftj, ftikd took ia ath«a to nphn ihi^ 1 
degnM the towna upon their roatw luiftiii ^m» AU 
tt-nsh aixl fur nianv h-un t.^i-tlirr Ibrv w.iutl » »»Ii..i>. tliii[| tli>- liul- :{ ttir w.-.l-rtiiun. *h'>> tW 
-t.,).]..! f. r ti.l Sk>, M.-.-.I. .,r. t » it.r. j;: :■ 

. .r N.^ T'-r: 


[t was almost night when they came alongside the landing- 
ice — a steep bank with an hotel, like a bam, on the top of 

a wooden store or two; and a few scattered sheds. 
**Yoa sleep here to-night, and go on in the morning, I sup- 
Be, ma'am f " said Martin. 

*' Where should I go on to? " cried the mother of the modern 

•'To New ThermopylflB. " 
'•My! ain't I there?" said Mrs. Hominy. 
Martin looked for it all round the darkening panorama; but 
i ooold n't see it, and was obliged to say so. 
**Why, that's it!" cried Mrs. Hominy, pointing to the 
leds just mentioned. 
" That f " exclaimed Martin. 

"Ah! that; and work it which way you will, it whips 
ten," said Mrs. Hominy, nodding her head with great expres- 

The married Miss Hominy, who had come on board with 
r husband, gave to this statement her most unqualified sup- 
rty as did that gentleman also. Martin gratefully declined 
sir invitation to regale himself at their house during the half 
ur of the vessel's stay; and having escorted Mrs. Hominy 
d the red pocket-handkerchief (which was still on active ser- 
») safely across the gangway, returned in a thoughtful mood 
watch the emigrants as they removed their goods ashore. 
Mark, as he stood beside him, glanced in his face from time 
time; anxious to discover what effect this dialogue had had 
OQ him, and nqt unwilling that his hopes should be dashed 
fore they reached their destination, so that the blow he 
ned might be broken in its fall. But saving that he some- 
iies looked up quickly at the poor erections on the hill, he 
re him no clue to what was passing in his mind until they 
tre again upon their way. 

"Mark," he said then, "are there really none but ourselves 
board this boat who are bound for Eden ? " 
"None at all, sir. Most of 'em, as you know, have stopped 
oit; and the few that are left are going further on. \Vhat 
itters that? More room there for us, sir." 
"Oh, to be sure! " said Martin. "But I was thinking — " 
d there he paused. 
"Ye0» sir?" observed Mark. 


odd U «M thit U» pMpb •!»•» Imw «« 

• unr furtuoff vt b wnrtdMd hok liln Ib^ *■ M* 
^••iiiii tben U neb « nraeli b«Mar. nkd f«A • «^ 4B 
Ubd uf |i1bi^ AMU' at ImbJ, m onr any ay. " 

Hb •polw in a b>(u> m> t«>7 dUhnol (iom fefe Mi^ 
tem, ud wtlb «a«h W oMoim dn«J a< Xwh** ^g^ 
Ihv gwxI-lMbmd feUow ww (nU of |nIj. 

" Wtty, JM know, air, " Mid Mwk. M ^Mly • te a^ 
■■jr MiMM IbubimU Um ■l^art^Hiiw, **«« awt •■■'^l 
hdttg loo nneulaft. Hum *■ no o w i rtni I* !!» ti^^ ^ 
wc'nn detnn^nnd bi lulut tba hM« ul ■iwjifcfcf, rfb 
know Um wrmt of it. Ain't wv, rirt** 

Martin lii»kiid nt htm, but anawvnd not o waA 

"Eran Kilnn, jwu Icnnw, ua't •!! teilt,* Mad M^. 

"In Iha MM d Umv««, mo," ari>d MvCto « 
"dea't Idk ol Ida la Um mm bnwib villi i^ ptaM 
ytmmacjt 1V« — G«l d-ryivp ni*l — .l.-nt lliuii iMid 
TIM' for mv U-mi^-r!" 

,\ft.T ili.a, )..■ l.iri,.-.| .iw:,v, Mi.l w«lk-l t.. «n.! t- -. 
.i.-.k full 1".. (i...ii-. N.r .1:1 \.- -i-..k v-t:;.. ■» - • 


' I--n..- 


There being no depth of water close inshore, they landed 
bom the vessers boat, with all their goods beside them. 
rhere were a few log houses visible among the dark trees ; the 
beBt^ a cow-shed or a rude stable; but for the wharves, the 
nuurket-plaoe, the public buildings — 

^'Here comes an Edener,'' said Mark. "He'll get us help 
to carry these things up. Keep a good heart, sir. Hallo 

The man advanced towards them through the tliickening 
gloom, very slowly, leaning on a stick. As he drew nearer, 
they observed that he was pale and worn, and that his anxious 
eyee were deeply sunken in his head. His dress of homespun 
Uue himg about him in rags; his feet and head were bare. 
He sat down on a stump halfway, and beckoned them to come 
to him. When they complied, he put his hand upon his side 
as if in pain, and while he fetched his breath stared at them, 

** Strangers ! " he exclaimed, as soon as he could speak. 

"The very same," said Mark. "How are you, sir] " 

"I've had the fever very bad," he answered faintly. "I 
hftyen't stood upright these many weeks. Those are your 
notionfi I see ? " pointing to their property. 

"Yea, sir," said Mark, "they are. You couldn't recom- 
mend us some one as would lend a hand to help carry 'em up 
to the — to the town, could you, sir ? " 

" My eldest son woidd do it if he could, " replied the man ; 
"bat to-day he has his chill upon him, and is lying wrapped 
up in the blankets. My youngest died last week. " 

"I 'm sorry for it, governor, with all my heart," said Mark, 
fKAlring him by the hand. "Don't mind us. Come along 
with me, and I '11 give you an arm back. The goods is safe 
enough, sir," — to Martin, — "there ain't many people about, 
to make away with 'em. What a comfort that is ! " 

"No," cried the man. "You must look for such folk 
here," knocking his stick upon the ground, "or yonder in the 
hnBh, towards the north. We 've buried most of 'em. The 
rest have gone away. Them that we have here don't come 
oat at night. " 

"The night air ain't quite wholesome, I suppose?" said 


"It's deadly poison," was the settler's answer. 

un um AiivuivuB or 

bowwl BO mom ao MJ aaw Uub il ll hal I 

uWiwa 10 hJia h atiifacnitt: tut Iw pr* tW mm 

nd M Um; w«d1 a)uni{ •zpUnpd i» hia tka MiM 

athiiB, uid inquiml wban It Uy. On* to ^ 

•um-lxMisa fur •oibb oorn ; Umv iniM MnM* jt Ik 
W W011I4I vnilMTour to gt-i it taJcL-n oul apna Uw ■■ 
ttuo gtvx Ibrm 111 uinJxnUni), m an irMrtini— I an 
ohit-ebat, tl»t he I>«1 ImnMl tbe Ut pmfnMor wM 
llNlldi; a jiipn- iif inforaktinn wliid UaA al^ ■■ 
out Um Iniul aliatfTinrat ri hii *q(«uuiBll7. 

Ib » wunl, ha (xmdacbiil tiiEm to a ■liwraUi m 
amtnulMl ot the tmnka «f IrMa, i1m) dnor <if «lMfe 
Ulaa dmrn ur bmn nartiod away laag agu, aai 
oomeqnenlij npen la Am viM '™i— |— ajid IW « 
8avii« for Um liula aton W hwl wliMad. to « 
ban of all furaituin : Int lb*f Wl Ml a skaat ofHS 
ing-|>tiiiv, mil! h" e^Xf tlwni • njil« Um-h in b»a 
T)>i-> lutN'T i><-i|iii>'iti..ii Mark i-liuitnl in thf> b««rth. 

M,,rln,..rl „.,„ i..l, l.niu-m.U,- ■ I,. -i V- i , 

1..- « iiifu-.- int.. In- i..irti,..r - 't.-.-I ~ ■;.. f. M 
th..yli..! irrn.-i iii..!.r th.- ii,.-t ..■i-i.!.)..;. .:M ^ ^^ 



tin^-. Mirtiii l.v .|..»-n u]-!! lli.^ .;r.-.iri.|. m.f .. r 

■'b.r.l 1■|^.■ v..'!. -ir!- .-rv-l Mr T. ;.]..«. ■ 

".i-.i't . I. -!!,>!■ lV.i/1 .1.. ll>t. .,p' A:n-.h:!^.- 

-ir. .t,.| It ...■^.r «ill II...1.I... 11. l.,i,^ ..( ,, . .. 
w..r- ili.n ..f „ . 1-.. r.. Ill-, f.t 111.- I...1.1 -. .r. ! f 
1.1- lUt >1..«T.. I r.,.ri ,uii-l ..|. ,vi" I!, -.r ■■ 

Th-r.. i. Ti.. .|.-.>.t ),- -|..k- ■.),.■ tr, It,, f r ![- 
•Um »iiK «)ii.)i )i- I-.k-l »t M..rtiii 1. Kr ;4 
knr^K M..r- 1!... .)i..|, ,■, !)..■ ,.t ■■( UNl.--k;l..- .: 
wolUa, •iifliM.iilly i-..nliriii...l l,it:i. 


" I ask your forgiveness a thousand times, my dear fellow, " 
Martin. *'I couldn't have helped it, if death had been 
penalty. " 

" Ask my forgiveness ! " said Mark, with his accustomed 
ciiaerfulness, as he proceeded to unpack the chest. ''The 
partner a asking forgiveness of Co. , eh ? There must be 
thing wrong in the firm when that happens. I must have 
the books inspected, and the accounts gone over immediate. 
Here we are. Ever}'thing in its proper place. Here 's the 
wait pork. Here 's the biscuit. Here 's the whiskey — un- 
eommon good it smells, too. Here 's the tin pot. This tin 
pot 's a small fortun' in itself! Here 's the blankets. Here 's 
Uie axe. Who says we ain't got a first- rat« fit out? I feel as 
iff I was a cadet gone out to Indy, and my noble father was 
ehairman of the Board of Directors. Now, when I 've got 
Hme water from the stream afore the door and mixed the 
gio|^" cried Mark, running out to suit the action to the word, 
"there 's a supper ready, comprising every delicacy of the 
■eeaon. Here we are, sir, all complete. For what we are 
going to receive, et cetrer. Lord bless you, sir, it 's very like 
• gipsy party ! " 

It was impossible not to take heart, in the company of such 
a man as this. Martin sat upon the ground beside the box; 
took out his knife, and ate and drank sturdily. 

"Now you see,*' said Mark, when they had made a hearty 
meal ; " with your knife and mine, I sticks this blanket right 
afore the door, or where, in a state of high civilisation, the 
door would be. And very neat it looks. Then I stops the 
aperture below, by putting the chest agin it. And very neat 
thai looks. Then there 's your blanket, sir. Then here 's 
mine. And what 's to hinder our ]>as8ing a good night f " 

For all his light-hearted speaking, it was long before he 
slept himself. He wrapped his blanket round him, put the 
axe ready to his hand, and lay across the threshold of the 
door, too anxious and too watchful to close his eyes. The 
novelty of their dreary situation, the dread of some rapacious 
or human enemy, the terrible uncertainty of their 
of subsistence, the apprehension of death, the immense 
difltanoe and the hosts of obstacles between themselves and 
Snglandy were fruitful sources of disquiet in the deep silence 
of the ni^^t. Though Martin would have had him think 


otherwise, Mark felt that he was waking also, and a prey to 
the same reflections. This was almost worse than sll, for ii 
he l)egan to brood over their miseries instead of trying to make 
head against them, there could be little doubt that such a state 
of mind would powerfully assist the influence of the peatikiit 
climate. Never had the light of day been half so welooxne to 
his eyes, as when awaking from a fitful doze, Mark nw it 
shining through the blanket in the doorway. 

He stole out gently, for his companion was sleeping now; 
and having refreshed himself by washing in the river, ▼here 
it flowed before the door, took a rough survey of the settle 
ment. There were not above a score of cabins, in the whole; 
half of these appeared untenanted ; all were rotten and dectjei 
The most tottering, abject, and forlorn among them, m 
called, with great propriety, the Bank, and National Credit 
(^ce. It had some feeble props about it, but was settling 
deep down in the mud, past all recovery. 

Here and there an efl'ort had been made to dear the Imd, 
and something like a fleld had been marked out, where, amoag 
the stumps and ashes of burnt trees, a scanty crop of Indian 
com was growing. In some quarters a snake or zigzag fence 
had })een liogun, but in no instance had it been completed; and 
the f Jill en logs, half hidden in the soil, lay mouldering away. 
Three or four meagre dogs, wasted and vexed with hunger; 
some long-legged pigs, wandering away into tlie woods in 
search of food; some children, nearly naked, gazing at him 
from the huts, were all the living things he saw. A fetid 
vaiKHir, hot and sickening as the breath of an oven, iwe up 
from tlie earth, and hung on everything around; and as his 
foot- prints sunk into the marshy ground, a black ooze started 
forth to blot them out. 

Tlieir own land was mere forest. The trees had grown so 
thick and dose that they shouldered one another out of their 
places, and the weakest, forced into shapes of strange distor- 
tion, languished like cripples. The best were stunted, from 
tlie prei>sure and the want of room; and high about the stems 
of all grew long rank grass, dank weeds, and frowsy under- 
wood ; not devisable into their separate kinds, but tangled all 
together in a heap; a jungle deep and dark, with neither earth 
nor water at its roots, but putrid matter, formed of the pulpy 
oflal of the two, and of their own corruption. 


He went down to the landing-place, where they had left 
their goods last night; and there he found some half-dozen 
men — wan and forlorn to look at, hut ready enough to assist 
— who helped him to carry them to the log- house. They 
afaook their heads in speaking of the settlement, and had no 
comfort to give him. Those who had the means of going 
away had all deserted it. They who were left had lost their 
wires, their children, friends, or brothers there, and suffered 
much themselves. Most of them were ill then; none were the 
men they had been once. They frankly offered their assistance 
and advice, and leaving him for that time, went sadly off upon 
their several tasks. 

Martin was by this time stirring; but he had greatly 
changed, even in one night. He was very pale and languid; 
he spoke of pains and weakness in his limbs, and complained 
that his sight was dim and his voice feeble. Increasing in 
his own briskness as the prospect grew more and more dismal, 
Mark brought away a door from one of the deserted houses, 
and fitted it to their own habitation ; then went back again for 
a rude bench he had observed, with which he presently re- 
tained in triumph; and having put this piece of furniture 
oatside the house, arranged the notable tin pot and other such 
movables upon it, that it might represent a dresser or a side- 
hoard. Greatly satisfied with this arrangement, he next rolled 
their cask of flour into the house, and set it up on end in one 
comer, where it served for a side table. No better dining-table 
could be required than the chest, which he solemnly devoted 
to Uiat useful service thenceforth. Their blankets, clothes, and 
the like, he hung on pegs and nails. And lastly, he brought 
forth a great placard (which Martin in the exultation of his 
heart had prepared with his own hands at the National Hotel), 
hearing the inscription, Chuzzlewit & Co., Abchitects and 
SuBVETOBS, which he displayed upon the most conspicuous 
part of the premises, with as much gravity as if the thriving 
city of Eden had had a real existence, and they expected to be 
OTerwhelmed with business. 

''These here tools,'' said Mark, bringing forward Martin's 
eaae of instruments and sticking the compasses upright in a 
atump before the door, ''shall be set out in the open air to 
•how that we oome provided. And now, if any gentleman 


• ft hmiM Imill, ba 'tl batlM |i*« kla af^H^ rfsMR 

mwr way* bw pu ka." 

Omuliliifing t^ iaUtwe hMt at tlw wAa, iWto ««* 

■d mutniuy'* work; but wUkoat ftnaimf to * n^ 

toogb he WM aliMiBinf at anqr pan. Itok «Biiki4 

'■a haam affdn, and ptwatlj wiiyaiwd wUh • hM 

itaot on {Mrfatming acMM iapanriUliUM wWi thrt Imfim 

"IImv'ii U|{1; oM tn* id tte war, •!*;* ba afaa 

" whidi 'U !« all tbn bctm aown. W< oan bwU Ife «N 

th* aftsninin. Tbem dbtct wm andt a hanjj apMt far A 

But Hartim gar* him bo aiwwar. Ha bal nft A* ■ 
time with hia bead upon hia hawK p>i^ at Iha oanH 
it lolled iwifU; hj; thlakiBft PmImv^ henr tol il ■ 
towatda the open aea, the hJ^ igad to Ike Iwae ha a 
wcold behold again. 

Vat evvn the vigoroua atrokea vhlch Mark doah al lb* 
awiike him (nun hid nirium(ul mcditatuia. Fiikii&f tH 
rn<^ v. rotM- liiiu or :... >i-. Mark » 

Hll'l .' 


■■I>..llt ^'1 

.I," -..i.l Mr. '1 


-Mh, M.: 

k," i-U 

irii-.l 111- U:.u-'. 

1. --K.-. 1,... I 

niv htr lll.l 

l,..~ .1.- 

■rv..i lln- I,.-... 

s fit. ■ ■ 

■■Will, -; 

|.\ li.lku,.- - 


tii-l, -f. 
..1 ■'.-.'r«.t. 

■r 11,.- : ) 

■■ N ■,■■ -.,;■ 

1 M.rt.i 

1., -I...I.U1.' 1.1- 1 

'.■1.1 - f: ^1 ...: 

THE ^''^'''' ^^^^ 




a seasoniiig; and we must all be seasoned, one way or another. 
That 's religion, that is, you know,'' said Mark. 

He only sighed and shook his head. 

"Wait half a minute," said Mark cheerily, "till I run up to 
one of our neighbours and ask what 's best to be took, and 
borrow a little of it to give you; and to-morrow you'll find 
yourself as strong as ever again. I won't be gone a minute. 
Don't give in, while I 'm away, whatever you do! " 

Throwing down his hatchet, he sped away immediately, but 
stopped when he had got a little distance, and looked back; 
then hurried on again. 

"Now, Mr. Tapley," said Mark, giving himself a tremen- 
dous blow in the chest by way of reviver, "just you attend to 
what I 've got to say. Things is looking about as bad as they 
can look, young man. You '11 not have such another oppor- 
tunity for showing your jolly disposition, my fine fellow, as 
long as you live. And therefore, Tapley, Now 's your time 
to come out strong; or Never 1 " 


•*Halui, Ptwkniff!'- criMl Mr. J<mm *« *» fmk 

"iBUftolutKl;. Mr. JiMM. Tiwnwlfcitoly.* 

••Bood," tiiull«r«d tbe arphu, "no* Ixte* H'bttwiM 

WlMMnr it U, hM kaodBBd Oum timm, ma w^ tm% 

miiiii);h ti.> wnki- thf" — hi- Iw! "'kI) a tt>jq(;ii^»'* ir> Gte 1 
(>( wiikiiiK til.- Ih-wl, tlimt tip ot-ippnl pTrn tbra witk tkr vi 

.i|K.u lu- r..i,.-u., im.l ^i|.| iM-I.-,..!. -til.- S>-r. -l-.'-r. ' 

■■l.,i....h.i.:.. Mr .r. ...>■. r:.:;.. 1, .;•.>. r . ■- 
.11,11. ■■ 11, n,.^ \\u.\,- - !,.■ . .Mr, 1 :. .»■ . 

ir.l. :, l,.r, -. ;/..| . -;. 
u- . .il. h. .: I .. ::. ■!■ 
.1, i:,i l,ii !..■; 

Aj.-.f;:i,.,r, 4i.,,i.;. 


dear sir, walk in. You find me in my garden-dress. You 
will excuse it^ I know. It is an ancient pursuit, gardening. 
Primitive, my dear sir; for, if I am not mistaken, Adam was 
the first of our calling. My Eve, I grieve to say, is no more, 
■ir; but" — here he pointed to his spade, and shook his head, 
as if he were not cheerful without an effort — "but I do a 
litUe bit of Adam still." 

He had by this time got them into the best parlour, where 
the portrait by SpiUer and the bust by Spoker were. 

"My daughters," said Mr. Pecksniff, "will be overjoyed. 
If I could feel weary upon such a theme, I should have been 
wOTn out long ago, my dear sir, by their constant anticipation 
of this happiness, and their repeated allusions to our meeting 
at Mrs. Todgers's. Their fair young friend, too," said Mr. 
Pecksniff, ^ whom they so desire to know and love — indeed to 
know her, is to love — I hope I see her welL I hope in say- 
ing, * Welcome to my humble roof ! ' I find some echo in her 
own sentiments. If features are an index to the heart, I have 
no fears of that. An extremely engaging expression of oounte- 
Mr. Chuzzlewit, my dear sir — very much so ! " 
Mary," said the old man, "Mr. Pecksniff flatters you. 
Bat flattery from him is worth the having. He is not a dealer 
in it, and it comes from his heart. We thought Mr. " 

"Pinch," said Mary. 

" Mr. Pinch would have arrived before us, Pecksniff. " 

"He did arrive before you, my dear sir," retorted Pecksniff, 
raising his voice for the edification of Tom upon the stairs, 
"and was about, I dare say, to tell me of your coming, when 
I begged him first to knock at my daughters' chamber, and 
inquire after Charity, my dear child, who is not so well as I 
eoold wish. No," said Mr. Pecksniff, answering their looks, 
"I am sorry to say, she is not. It is merely an hysterical 
affection; nothing more. I am not uneasy. Mr. Pinch! 
Thomas!" exclaimed Pecksniff, in his kindest accents. "Pray 
come in. I shall make no stranger of you. Thomas is a friend 
of mine of rather long standing, Mr. Chuzzlewit, you must 

"Thank you, sir," said Tom. "You introduce me very 
kindly, and speak of me in terms of which I am very proud." 

"(Md Thomas!" cried his master pleasantly, "Gknl bless 



un unt Ai ma r uM * or 

n nt^-JirtM) UmI th« joaAg imiim ■■■!! tft^ ' 

uo tMl tlw lout nfTMhauata vhkh lh» hamm lAi* 

1 tbMi 111 [irrfMnliot), nackr tfa«ir )dal aipMtata 

ik 1m *r*> ■I'Mkios, Uw aM an laoluid M h^i to 

^h With Im* hArahnaa Umii wh onmmb to hm; i 

s mutuAl enlanMiiBMit itf Ton wmI IW 7«a*( h 

_ .utsTFr oMUv br kttribaUd it, M<m lo a^Bp* kfe «kH 

"i'wlnuiiff," br taid «ftcr > poia^ rinf aad likk 

dr t<'wanU tbo irinilnw, " I wm mneh ilwiitii «■ ka 

,.; Imithur'* .iMtL W« had Um tiium im hi^ 

lljr inlr oinifnH b Uut ha Biut lwT« lh«d tW feiffi 

Mm maa (or harfag MMciriBil no bofM at mkimm «4 

Pmm bi hii ■waoryl Wa wan |iUj f<ih>wa mmi 

«o«U Im«« bMtt lMtl«c let w tmk U «• b«l 4ia lh&< 

n«fi^tUBb*U*fWka"< Mr. Pt^kaUff hi^ 

twUM wqr «at of bk ■*«—*«- b»M<k« ik* wi^ 

"Tlut Biiv nun, mjr dMr BJr, wmld poonUy W lb* I 
form-t kiii.wiin; v.. 11, "hi- n-liminl, "r-ti will .^irn-. bt 
ii.i;. I^il II,,: Mr Amli..tiv. iti III. ■v.iui..: • . 
l.npi.v II, It,. ,.11.. 1 1.... ..f 1,1- .■\.-.n.-,,I -t. -- . ;..::.-, . 

-ir. ,i yM.tu 1.. ,iil ...„-_ ;„„i ,„ ll... .■.»,.- .( , '...•.^■- - 

wl,.., l,..>..^.■r l■.«l^ Ui I..- tn.-,Mi...t ..r>ii,.- i..r;.. :.*; :, 

..f I,:- 1,.T,.|. 
-ir. I ,:;, 1, ■! 
1 :r. ,.r. 1 1 


wealth, and root of misery. He carried his corrupting influence 
with him, go where he would; and shed it round him, even on 
his hearth. It made of his own child a greedy expectant, who 
measured every day and hour the lessening distance between his 
father and the grave, and cursed his tardy progress on that dis- 
mal road." 

" No ! " cried Mr. Pecksniff boldly. " Not at all, sir ! " 

"But I saw that shadow in his house," said Martin Chuzzle- 
wit^ " the last time we met, and warned him of its presence. I 
Imow it when I see it, do I noti I, who have lived within it 
all iheae years ! " 

"I deny it," Mr. Pecksniff answered warmly. "I deny it 
altogether. That bereaved young man is now in this house, 
sir, seeking in change of scene the peace of mind he has lost. 
Shall I be backward in doing justice to that young man, when 
even undertakers and coffin- makers have been moved by the 
conduct he has exhibited; when even mutes have spoken in his 
praise, and the medical man hasn't known what to do with 
himself in the excitement of his feelings ! There is a person of 
the name of Gamp, sir — Mrs. Gamp — ask her. She saw Mr. 
Jonas in a trying time. Ask Aer, sir. She is respectable, but 
not sentimental, and will state the fact. A line addressed to 
Mrs. Gamp, at the Bird Shop, Kingsgate Street, High Holbom, 
London, will meet with every attention, I have no doubt Let 
her be examined, my good sir. Strike, but hear! leap, Mr. 
Chnzzlewit, but look ! Forgive me, my dear sir, " said Mr. Peck- 
sniff taking both his hands, *' if I am warm ; but I am honest, 
and must state the truth." 

Li proof of the character he gave himself, Mr. Pecksniff suf- 
fered tears of honesty to ooze out of his eyes. 

The old man gazed at him for a moment with a look of won- 
der, repeating to himself, " Here now ! In this house ! " But 
he mastered his surprise, and said, after a pause : — 

"Let me see him." 

" In a friendly spirit, I hope ? " said IMr. Pecksniff. " For- 
give me, sir, but he is in the receipt of my humble hospitality. " 

"I said," replied the old man, "let me see him. If I were 
disposed to regard him in any other than a friendly spirit, I 
dioald have said, keep us apart. " 

"Certainly, my dear sir; so you would. You are frankness 
itMlf, I know. I will break this happiness to him," said Mr. 

tMdff*ibe l«ft Um KMn» "if fod vfOoiMiaa^n 

u^ — tiratiy." 

He [MTvH th« w«]r tn the iliM;k««M as wj pM^f. • 

i|iuftrr (i4 Ml hour ekpMtl Wcm* b* pdaiairi wtHk Mk Jb 

In Umi bimb tinw) Ihr viHu^t UdM h»d (m4» iMr iffiHI 

■nU tllP UUe iMit becB wt out fur tb* rWll lUMl W *»1 


Now, IMWWW w«U Mr. IV^Mi^ te hia wirftt^ ^1 M 
J«Mi tka bMoo nf AriiM bafanioar to Hi aw^ «^ hw 
fmhOls JooM, fa Uw nuwiag of hfe aMniv k^ Imo* ft 
jomg man'* bouinfc wbaa p— u alwl lo U« IiOm^ kiri 
WM aBjrthtDy hut runlr or iin^^iif IWfcap^ Mh4 • 
jptlu a raixtun of tUifano* mhI ohat^nimaimmm, ^ Iw 
hairiUiMBl, of iloiBtMl wiUuiini tad 
pnflUMou, Mrer wm a x p r — J bi uqr •*• \ 
^t itf Jmm, wlwa, iMtTii* nlMdyi liaiil^fct 
tin'i far*. h« IM thHm fall lAun. uil aBMnh cl<^«> ■< 
e)iiKiii)t hin linnilH without ■ raiimf-nt'i tiitMiaum-«, iCiW m 
in(j liiiiiii'lf fr.iiii -j.l.' 1*1 »ii!.', wnitm),* ti. !■■ ■■ !.<>■■ — .1 

-N.'l.ii.",- ->i.| il 1.1 i„.,i,, -V -. U.- '.-■ . ■ 

M.,1,. 1 ■■ 

l—kint' '>l.,.ri.i . I. .«-!, ..,!.■.■ m..r.-. -l-l'.. ! ' rv - '. - 
miv l-'tt.T ..t)iT -Ti.. 1.1. t 1 ti..i. II t '-.r ^- - ^ <iv ■■ 

-A i..>ir-Tii 1....11 ".n-. I «m t.l.l,- ...:-l 1' ^ : i -.^■ 
nil;; t.xir.l- Mr r.-k-inrT . 1: - :!,. ]-.t .<,-\ 111- k.ill.. Tf N ■■;.-. ■ :-.^; 

■■! .- . -i ,- I,.- '.r.^Kt. ■],- It.- !.,.l ; 
■1 :■'■:■ 'k- ■ r . f ».(: I u, 1 ;lni-.l.l ■ 


But not even Mr. PecksnifTs guileless merriment could set 
such a party at their ease, or reconcile materials so utterly dis- 
cordant and conflicting as those with which he had to deal. 
The unspeakahle jealousy and hatred which that night's expla- 
nation had sown in Charity's hreast was not to he so easily 
kept down; and more than once it showed itself in such inten- 
sity, as seemed to render a full disclosure of all the circum- 
Btuioes, then and there, impossible to be avoided. The beaute- 
oua Merry, too, with all the glory of her conquest fresh upon 
her, 80 probed and lanced the rankling disappointment of her 
nster by her capricious airs and thousand little trials of Mr. 
Jonas's obedience, that she almost goaded her into a fit of mad- 
nesB, and obliged her to retire from table in a burst of passion 
hardly less vehement than that to which she had abandoned 
herself in the first tumidt of her wrath. The constraint imposed 
upon the family by the presence among them for the first time 
<^ Mary Graham (for by that name old Martin Chuzzlewit had 
intioduced her) did not at all improve this state of things, gen- 
tle and quiet though her manner was. Mr. Pecksniff's situa- 
tion was peculiarly trying: for, what with having constantly to 
keep the peace between his daughters ; to maintain a reasonable 
show of affection and unity in his household ; to curb the grow- 
ing ease and gaiety of Jonas, which vented itself in simdry in- 
Mlences towards Mr. Pinch, and an indefinable coarseness of 
manner in reference to Mary (they being the two dependants) ; 
to make no mention at all of his having perpetually to conciliate 
hia rich old relative, and to smooth down, or explain away, 
some of the ten thousand bad appearances and combinations of 
bad appearances, by which they were surrounded on that un- 
hicky evening — what with having to do this, and it would be 
difficult to sum up how much more, without the least relief or as- 
sistance from anybody, it may be easily imagined that Mr. Peck- 
miff had in his enjoyment something more than that usual por- 
tion of alloy which is mixed up with the best of men's delights. 
Perhaps he had never in his life felt such relief as when old 
Martin, looking at his watch, announced that it was time to go. 

"We have rooms," he said, "at the Dragon, for the present. 
I have a fancy for the evening walk. The nights are dark just 
now; perhaps Mr. Pinch would not object to light us home? " 

"My dear sir!" cried Pecksniff, "/ shall be delighted. 
Merry, my child, the lantern." 

bnUra, U 70a pk«M, M| dMT." Md )U>I». - 

UNUu u t Uiink »f Ukiiiir Twr lathv 0«i of 4aM ' m^ 

toUhrMf, 1 won't" 

Hi. l>ckiniff tln-w)7 had hi* W » W hMid. M H 1 

•NiptuitiMUf •>)•) UmI Im pMlMd. 

"1 Uk« Mi. I'inch, or gD .loB^- mlA Hvla. *1 

■*ii iWi hp 

M> rt-'.liii'' ii[a« it ThiWM^ mj bimi, W 1 
jtm plcu&" 

Tom WW in boom na«d o( tfak fa^Jvarita^ 
iMTvotM, and tnmbM to waA s dapw) thai ha 
cult to hoM ttw Uatan. How HMh mm* 41 
Um old raan'a biddiaft aka dnw h« kail 
Piaeb'a — aim I 

"And ao, Kr. Pinch,' 
very comfortably aitoatod b«f« ; ara 70* I 

Tom aivwcriil, with e\ra mon than hi* ),.■ «■..- 1111.I.T " I.. Mr. IWk-nil 

!i-.l. ..| . lif.IiiJ..- « (.!t i-m-rf.-th r.;-n 

* Mid Mutln. OB Ik a^. > 



"You 're like the rest," he thought, glancing at the face of 
the unconscious Tom. "You had nearly imposed upon me, 
bat you have lost your lahour. You 're too zealous a toad- 
cater, and hetray yourself, Mr. Pinch." 

During the whole remainder of the walk, not another word 
iraa spoken. First among the meetings to which Tom had 
long looked forward wi^h a heating heart, it was memorahle for 
nothing hut emharrassment and confusion. They parted at 
the Dragon door; and sighing as he extinguished the candle in 
the lantern, Tom turned hack again over the gloomy fields. 

As he approached the first stile, which was in a lonely part, 
made very dark hy a plantation of young firs, a man slipped 
]Mst him and went on before. Coming to the stile he stopped, 
and took his seat upon it. Tom was rather startled, and for a 
moment stood still; but he stepped forward again immediately, 
and went close up to him. 

It was Jonas, swinging his legs to and fro, sucking the 
head of a stick, and looking with a sneer at Tom. 

"Grood gracious me! " cried Tom; "who would have thought 
of its being you ! You followed us, then ? " 

" What 's that to you ? " said Jonas. " Go to the devil ! " 
You are not very civil, I think," remarked Tom. 
Civil enough for yow," retorted Jonas. "Who are you? " 

"One who has as good a right to common consideration as 
another," said Tom mildly. 

"You 're a liar," said Jonas. "You haven't a right to any 
consideration. You have n't a right to anything. You 're a 
pretty sort of fellow to talk about your rights, upon my soul! 
Ha, ha ! — rights, too ! " 

"If you proceed in this way," returned Tom reddening, 
"you will oblige me to talk about my wrongs. But I hope 
four joke is over." 

"It's the way with you curs," said Mr. Jonas, "that when 
^ou know a man 's in real earnest, you pretend to think he 's 
oking, 80 that you may turn it off. But that won't do with 
tie. It 's too stale. Now just attend to me for a bit, Mr. 
^itch, or Witch, or Stitch, or whatever your name is." 

"My name is Pinch," observed Tom. "Have the goodness 
o call me by it." 

""What! You mustn't even be called out of your name, 
K^nstn't you!" cried Jonas. "Pauper 'prentices are looking 

upi AMD AXtimnwm or 
,^ I Uibk. Ewd, w Nwaag* '•■ • lii<l> hmm k 

"Nam miml what 717a do in Dm dtr." «id T>M. ^ 
b>ve jriKi pit to at; to m»l " 1 

"JiHt thU. Mut4ir Iturh," ntnrtiri Jow^ tfcw i^ 
bMW M) diH to Tiim'* llnl Tom wm rtiHgiJ le RvMiMa 
"I adviM jrou in kwp joiu inra nn— 1, ^i4 te vMil 
lattli!, aiiit no* tu cat in whan yov '■■ m* wAA 
hr«nl amiM-thini; ill yiw, oi; MntA, tmd f^^^ BMk W^^ 
I n^omm^iKi you tii fnryK 'hd till I '« aavM to 4 
PiwkMuff'* ffdf, moA nut to ouny tmtvm anaap ^ (^ 
ImI In Wtd tka eniinn dau-. Voi lunw* whiM aai I 
Wra tka coUTM clear, tbaj 're wUpfnl at: ^ ikv ■ 
mIvIm. Do pw imkrrtaiMll Bhl Uhw*^ mim mm\ 
crfad Jmm, with ipttwd woiaap^ "that y^m *<^1 
biMM wilk (4ma, wlMa it waa Iwltiwl *a^ UW aay aM 
Tsnt out of lirery t " 

"<' <•:" crif<l Turn, "I iim> tl^t you hftd tw«W« «M W 

RtiK an.l Irl in.- ixii^nr riiv w.y l..>m<- M>kr n.«> M 1 



<.[> t 1 

:lniik ii: 

■■ NU.l .!■■ 



A.M 1 

V..n ■, 

r.- .ifn 

.^i ■( Tl... 

mAui- V. 


,lv I...' 

.■t iftui ■ 

1 ..( ..r.Mh 
1 ,1...,,,.. 

.11. Si,-,iL! 
' ..11 [ii.'.iiii 


' rn. .1 

T..n ,11. 


. I l,.,.. ..... T - 

h>..l. 1 -!...til.i Ilk. 


''Ob, indeed!" sneered Jonas. '*And what do you think 
of hiB deary — his beggarly leavings, eh, Mister Pinch 1 " 

"I don't mean to say another word, or stay here another 
instant," replied Tom. 

''As I told you before, you're a liar,'' said Jonas coolly. 
^You'll stay here till I give you leave to go. Now keep 
where you are, will you ! " 

He flourished his stick over Tom's head; but in a moment 
it was spinning harmlessly in the air, and Jonas himself lay 
•pfawling in the ditch. In the momentary struggle for the 
•lick, Tom had brought it into violent contact with his oppo- 
Mnt's forehead ; and the blood welled out profusely from a deep 
eat on the temple. Tom was first apprised of this by seeing 
tluit ha pressed his handkerchief to the wounded part, and 
•tiggered as he rose, being stunned. 

'* Are you hurt ? " said Tom. " I am very sorry. Lean on 
me for a moment You can do that without forgiving me, if 
you still bear me malice. But I dcyi't know why; for I never 
offended you before we met on this spot. " 

He made him no answer, not appearing at first to under- 
eUnd him, or even to know that he was hurt, though he sev- 
eral times took his handkerchief from the cut to look vacantly 
at the blood upon it After one of these examinations, he 
looked at Tom, and then there was an expression in his fea- 
toree, which showed that he understood what had taken place, 
and would remember it. 

Nothing more passed between them as they went home. 
Jonas kept a little in advance, and Tom Pinch sadly followed, 
thinking of the grief which the knowledge of this quarrel must 
occasion his excellent benefactor. AYhen Jonas knocked at the 
door, Tom's heart beat high; higher when Miss Mercy an- 
swered it, and seeing her wounded lover, shrieked aloud; 
higher when he followed them into the family parlour; higher 
than at any other time when Jonas spoke. 

"Don't make a noise about it,'' he said. "It's nothing 
worth mentioning. I didn't know the road; the night 's very 
dark; and just as I came up with Mr. Pinch" — he turned his 
face towards Tom, but not his eyes — "I ran against a tree. 
It 'a only skin deep. " 

"Cold water. Merry, my child!" cried Mr. Pecksniff. 
"Brown paper! Scissors! A piece of old linen! Charity, my 
dear, make a bandage. Bless me, Mr. Jonas ! " 

tntlwr ytfw 

kw NMi. " B« of aoiiie UM U f «M em. U fm wmy 

Mm Ourity, tbuugb adkd u4Ma ta kvl hw M< i« ^ 
is OM cnauT, with * MnlU apaa bar fai^ lari 4kl*1 ■ 
fingv. Thuujib Meny b*«d Iha «wa4 hMMltj ai 
Paekmiff faeU llut itttienl'i tiMd telwMa U» Iw halk 
vithoat tlut awiuUim it miui ianilaUf •■■■ to tf 
Tom Pincli. ui hU kuiXj •([ituka, As^ • Mik <! 1 
Dn^ until lb<-y wi'iv iMitliitig but Tliglfah VM^ al I 
other tuuit) *u«tainr>l • [uniiiiUljIa lanliif hwitm, mM| M 
to radui* tlie «wclUnf;, Iwl «pp«Mlfy daii^aJ W Ik li 
inflictiiici i>f uiudtef wound w aonn h tfaal «w 4NMrf; 
i^ nOi|«ml out the l»aal i^m^pc^ wx OHanrf • wm^ 
wbaa Mr. Jmim'* bMd wm bnud s)^ Md ha teifiHli 
aad avMjrlsdy oIm Imd nliml, mi Hm b«M «w ^wl 
Pinch, aa hn mI iiioarafull;r •« hia Wlat—rl. wimTih 
a ^I'litlu tii)i ut III* il<i»r, ^il ojMiinK it, ^w hrr. Ip ka 
ib<rMtLi-liMi.'i>I. >1.<imIiii^' U'f..r>- hliii wilh Iht tin^i r. ■— 

"Mr riuK," -L.' »i,i-i-r.--l. -Ik i: Mr V . .. 
iIk inith! V..,i .h'l Th.r- ^..t. - ::.. , v-. . 

..k-i." -..i.i r ■■ 
-:r.,,v!.. f.-r i! 





nrhose power of observation was by no means remarkable, knew 
bom the energy with which she did it that she would have 
fondled any hand, no matter how bedaubed or dyed, that had 
Ixoken the head of Jonas Ohuzzlewit. 

Tom went into his room and went to bed, full of uncomfort- 
able thoughts. That there should be any such tremendous 
division in the family as he knew must have taken place to 
convert Charity Pecksniff into his friend, for any reason, but, 
above all, for that which was clearly the real one ; that Jonas, 
who had assailed him with such exceeding coarseness, should 
have been sufficiently magnanimous to keep the secret of their 
quarrel; and that any train of circumstances should have led 
to the commission of an assault and battery by Thomas Pinch 
upon any man calling himself the friend of Seth Pecksniff, 
were matters of such deep and painful cogitation, that he could 
not doee his eyes. His own violence, in particular, so preyed 
upon the generous mind of Tom, that coupling it with the 
many former occasions on which he had given Mr. Pecksniff 
pain and anxiety (occasions of which that gentleman often 
leminded him), he really began to regard himself as destined 
If a mysterious fate to be the evil genius and bad angel of his 
patron. But he fell asleep at last and dreamed — new source 
of waking uneasiness — that he had betrayed his trust, and run 
away with Mary Graham. 

It must be acknowledged that, asleep or awake, Tom's posi- 
tion in reference to this young lady was full of uneasiness. 
The more he saw of her, the more he admired her beauty, her 
tntelligence, the amiable qualities that even won on the divided 
i^oiise of Pecksniff, and in a few days restored at all events the 
lemblance of harmony and kindness between the angry sisters. 
When she spoke, Tom held his breath, so eagerly he listened; 
irhen she sang, he sat like one entranced. She touched his 
:>rgan, and from that bright epoch even it, the old companion 
Df his happiest hours, incapable as he had thought of elevation, 
began a new and deified existence. 

Grod's love upon thy patience, Tom. Who that had beheld 
tbee, for three summer weeks, poring through half the dead- 
long night over the jingling anatomy of that inscrutable old 
harpaichord in the back parlour, could have missed the entrance 
to thy secret heart : albeit it was dimly known to thee f Who 
that had seen the glow upon thy cheek when, leaning down to 


lan, ifUr hwun >if Utuor, toe lb« Miai W «» a^ 
notn, thou f.iuua»t UmI U bwl • nMw «l Ih^ Md «li«| 
ft fUt •DDurtltinii diitMiUjr Akin la what it ««^ t»H — ^ 
Hut lt»vf< luinwH tliul il WM <1ilin«rl la* aa mm^im ka^ 
oM tbat aiiiot<^ Uwtiyh gtatljr as m Mfil'* ka< ^Q 
tbkpHt dKml witktn Uim! Aad if a h^agy ^w« 
•nn U»M«h 11 WOT aa gaiUUm m iUm «v^ »m V| 
nmld bat Uw piaread IW twOight of iWl ' MBfc vta 
a Toiw <reU lanpmd lo tba Ulw^ a«d. aw^ Mi k^ 

IwpaftU, alM fim wig to Uta altaMl I ■ 1.ia^M 

at tliM dwagaj mmI thou, Mttu« afoi al 1ft* ^m mH 
kapt a gltd «lMm ud a awriUtW haart— ■■« H* lh« 4 
harv ml pnbwaa Uh dawning at a rtafj, T^^ **A 
W«U for tbna baJ imvm faaon t*!<utl 

Tom Pinah'i aitoation wm not Mida Urn laa ^B^ 
diAcuIlt )qr tha (aet a< no «M vwi pMiat k*MB Ai 
referetioe to Haitin. Honourably mindfa] «d hi* fn 
Tom Ka\<- httt i>p)Nirtu»itiM uf •!) kmiU, CatU ^U la 
w,u. Ill llx' rl,»rrh, in Wr f,iT.,iirilr w^Lv in tL^ .-^ 
II,.. i,-..r.|.ii, ii> ti,.- m.-...l..»., ,...i IN «.* : ^ . : ■. - 
!,.■ mi^l.t l,..^.- -i-.k-.i fr-.U. |;.it !.-■ »: *.. ■ . ; 


iitigning herself by the imposition of sundry trials on the tem- 
per of Mr. Jonas, felt that a new shadow came between her 
•nd the sun. Raising her eyes in the expectation of seeing 
ber betrothed, she was not a little surprised to see old Martin 
instead. Her surprise was not diminished when he took his 
metA upon the tiirf beside her, and opened a conversation 
tbns: — 

" "When are you to be married ? " 

**0h! dear Mr. Ghuzzlewit, my goodness me I I 'm sure I 
don't know. Not yet awhile, I hope." 

" You hope t " said the old man. 

It was very gravely said, but she took it for banter, and 
giggled excessively. 

"Come!" said the old man, with unusual kindness, **you 
ere young, good-looking, and I think good-natured! Frivolous 
jon are^ and love to be, undoubtedly ; but you must have some 

"I have not given it all away, I can tell you," said Merry, 
nodding her head shrewdly, and plucking up the grass. 

" Have you parted with any of it ? " 

She threw the grass about, and looked another way, but said 

Martin repeated his question. 

** Lor, my dear Mr. Chuzzlewit ! really you must excuse me ! 
How very odd you are. " 

" If it be odd in me to desire to know whether you love the 
joung man whom I understand you are to marry, 1 am very 
odd," said Martin. "For that is certainly my wish." 

** He 's such a monster, you know, " said Merry pouting. 

"Then you don't love himt" returned the old man. "Is 
that your meaning 1 " 

"Why, my dear Mr. Chuzzlewit, I'm sure I tell him a 
hundred times a day that I hate him. You must have heard 
tell him that. " 
Often," said Martin. 

And so I do, " cried Merry. " I do positively. " 
Being at the same time engaged to marry him," observed 
the old man. 

"Oh, yes," said Merry. "But I told the wretch — my dear 
ICr. Chuzzlewit, I told him when he asked me — that if I ever 

VOL. I. 


V Lm AXD AVTUTuua cr 

MnrldiB, it thoold onljrW OmI laightk 

1 nil my Mt»." 

Ah* htA » nupidoo Uii« ttw old mta u p w iaJ J^« 

rthinij liiit (avuar, md fatUndail Umw n^ivk* to W 
Kliwl]r captirating. Ha dU niit i j i p — i . b uw w , t* i^ 
trnim in that liglit bjr anj tBoui*; (or «b«o Im ^ute^ft 
wa> in a lone of Mttrerll/. 

" Luiik aboot jron," ba vid. ponttif l» lh» y ia: ^ 
KtiMinhrj' Umt bin jroar bridal knr to tha 4^ «WA i 

nt brought w knr ai OuM^ ud Ud fa mh • U4 *m ' 
w- no ap^nal igainat him. Ttdnk, nd ipaak, ««d ai^ 
ODtn liko an aeemiBtabI* ovalara, I> uy aoalnl yirt « 
joar inrJinatuibat An jm (uvcad into tUi natofcf Am 
itiMuVimily Mlviaol or t«mptod to M Bl i a et It, If mf m»I 
will ni't a«k lij wlkom — by anj una I" 

"Nu," ■ai'l MntT, Bhmiq^nf bar alwwbltfc *I 4 
know that I am." 

"IX'n't know that you nn-! Awyont" 



..I 1.. 


iteadily and slowly, and in a softened voice, as if he would 
still invite her confidence: — 

"Have you any wish — or is there anything within your 
Iveast that whispers you may form the wish, if you have time 
to think — to be released from this engagement ? " 

Again Miss Merry pouted, and looked down, and plucked 
the grass, and shrugged her shoulders. No. She didn't 
know that she had. She was pretty sure she had n't. Quite 
sure, she might say. She "didn't mind if 

"Has it ever occurred to you," said Martin, "that your 
married life may perhaps be miserable, full of bitterness, and 
most unhappy ? " 

Merry looked down again; and now she tore the grass up 
hj the roots. 

"My dear Mr. Chuzzlewit, what shocking words! Of 
eonrse, I shall quarrel with him; I should quarrel with any 
husband. Married people always quarrel, I believe. But as 
to being miserable, and bitter, and all those dreadful things, 
you know, why I could n't be absolutely that, unless he always 
had the best of it; and I mean to have the best of it myself. 
I always do now," cried Merry, nodding her head, and giggling 
very much; "for I make a perfect slave of the creature." 

"Let it go on," said Martin rising. "Let it go on! I 
sought to know your mind, my dear, and you have shown it 
me. I wish you joy. Joy ! " he repeated, looking full upon 
her, and pointing to the wicket-gate where Jonas entered at 
the moment. And then, without waiting for his nephew, he 
passed out at another gate, and went away. 

" Oh, you terrible old man ! " cried the facetious Merry to 
herself. "What a perfectly hideous monster to be wandering 
about churchyards in the broad daylight, frightening people out 
of their wits I Don't come here, Griffin, or I '11 go away di- 

Mr. Jonas was the Griffin. He sat down upon the grass at 
her side, in spite of this warning, and sulkily inquired: — 

" What 's my uncle been a talking about ? " 

"About you," rfljoined Merry. "He says you're not half 
good enough for me." 

"Oh, yes, I dare say! We all know that. He means to 
give yon some present worth having, I hope. Did he say any- 
thing that looked like it ? " 

a atinnr old <log b« fa^" Mid JoBM. "Willi* 
Oriflnl" eriwt Mbi Mwef. is aa^lmliM wii«H| 
■oat m you doinib OriBo t " | 

'Only ^riag y<ra ■ •qoMti^'' Hid iW ikmmtm^ JH^ 

bne '■ tm hann in that. I Mtppnwt" 
-'But tbnra U ■ ffR«t dnl of hum in tt. if I 4m^ artfl 

ignattU^" n^amnl his anwiii. "Do gn ■! m^, «d yi 

a iMik* ma *« hiA ! " 

Jlr. JtMH withdreir hi« •»■, sad lot • ■mibI la^rf 
r mm Uk» a borImw Uub a kmc Bat W ^iMirf 1 
ow bjr dcgraMi and twka liliw wMi: — 

"What do jroD njr, jrtm vnlpr tUaf — fMi !■« ■■(• 
mM hii fair IwtnUMd. 

" When U it bi t»1 I tma'l aSbH ki (a « ribadfe^ A 
hero lulf DiV lifr, 1 nrol n'l trll joo, and IVrkiaotf ««• 4 
father 'x N'infc mo lately iImmI m^M rerr liltl* ntU* fc» 

li- ] . l-.l , 


Still Mr. Jonas held his peace. 

"If it's next month, that shall he the very earliest; hut I 
won't say when it shall he till to-morrow; and if you don't 
like that^ it shall never he at all,'' said Merry; ''and if you 
follow me ahout and won't leave me alone, it shall never he at 
alL There! And if you don't do everything I order you to 
do, it shall never he at alL So don't follow me. There, 

And with that, she skipped away, among the trees. 

** Ecod, my lady ! " said Jonas, looking after her, and hiting 
ft piece of straw, almost to powder; "you '11 catch it for this, 
when you are married! It 's all very well now — it keeps one 
on, somehow, and you know it — hut I '11 pay you ofiP scot and 
lot hy and hy. This is a plaguy dull sort of a place for a 
man to he sitting hy himself in. I never could ahide a mouldy 
old churchyard." 

As he turned into the avenue himself. Miss Merry, who was 
bat ahead, happened to look hack. 

"Ah! " said Jonas, with a sullen smile, and a nod that was 
not addressed to her; "make the most of it while it lasts. 
Get in your hay while the sun shines. Take your own way as 
long ft8 it 's in your power, my lady ! " 

n n FAIT piomuoMAi.: urn 


Mb. Mould wm wi t uumM hf Ui fciiiihull ib* 
wu et^jojing the •wmIi of doMtie rapoB^ aad gna 
them wilh a nlm daligbt. nta dqr laiBf nlkr, ■ 
window ofwm Uw l«p of Mr. HooU w«» <■ tha vMp 
utd hk l»ck TwJiiMd ■plBit tU ilntfar. Ow Mi i 
hp»d a hamlkTrhipt ww ttrawn, to giufd hi* tmlrtaMi fr 
tli<'». Tli<- n»>iii wiw fragrant with th« uncll •■{ pcftrh, 
lil.r nf Hl.i,l, ^.Tit.ful rnin|."in.l -t..-! '-.■.■n « .:^^: 
t..M... o.t,v.!,;.M I.: 1(„- Imi,.| ..( Mr M ,: - ;.;■ r 
ili.ii, .1- In- .V. l..--k-l .i..«i, 11,1.. (i,.- ■ -1 !r.-.--.i.- - 
.i, ■■■.., i-.T!ri- l.ri-),ll\ (r .t!. M.ii. ( ir,. ;.■;.-- ■ 
|.~.k..i '.]. ,: li:.i., .i,.f l.Mlikl.-.l hk. > -!..r 

l>-.|. in U.- ■,■.^. >n.| »ilh,i, tL.- « .r-i .f .■.,-..■, 

.til fr.. ).;-■! J 


^'^OTtaL Even their peachy cheeks were puffed out and dis- 
*^ilded, as though they ought of right to be performing on 
^^lestial trumpets. The bodiless cherubs in the shop, who 
^^^re depicted as constantly blowing those instruments for ever 
^•^d ever without any lungs, played, it is to be presumed, 
^^itirely by ear. 

"Mi, Mould looked lovingly at Mrs. Mould, who sat hard 
1^, and was a helpmate to him in his punch as in all other 
filings. Each seraph daughter, too, enjoyed her share of his 
^^gards, and smiled upon him in return. So boimtiful were 
Mr. Mould's possessions, and so large his stock in trade, that 
even there, within his household sanctuary, stood a cumbrous 
press, whose mahogany maw was filled with shrouds, and wind- 
ing-sheets, and other furniture of funerals. But though the 
Hiases Mould had been brought up, as one may say, beneath 
his eye, it had cast no shadow on their timid infancy or bloom- 
ing youth. Sporting behind the scenes of death and burial 
from cradlehood, the Misses Mould knew better. Hat-bands, 
to them, were but so many yards of silk or crape; the final 
robe but such a quantity of linen. The Misses Mould could 
idealise a player's habit, or a court-lady's petticoat, or even an 
act of parliament But they were not to be taken in by palls. 
They made them sometimes. 

llie premises of Mr. Mould were hard of hearing to the 
boisterous noises in the great main streets, and nestled in a 
quiet comer, where the city strife became a drowsy hum, that 
sometimes rose and sometimes fell and sometimes altogether 
ceased ; suggesting to a thoughtful mind a stoppage in Cheap- 
side. The light came sparkling in among the scarlet runners, 
as if the churchyard winked at Mr. Mould, and said, ''We 
understand each other;" and from the distant shop a pleasant 
sound arose of cofiin-making with a low melodious hammer, 
rat, tat, tat, tat, alike promoting slumber and digestion. 

''Quite the buzz of insects," said Mr. Mould, closing his 
eyes in a perfect luxury. " It puts one in mind of the sound 
of animated nature in the agricultural districts. It 's exactly 
like the woodpecker tapping." 

''The woodpecker tapping the hollow elm tree," observed 
Mrs. Mould, adapting the words of the popular melody to the 
description of wood commonly used in the trade. 

"lb, ha! " laughed Mr. Mould. "Not at all bad, my dear. 


M glad to hma ban jtn bi^b. Utk. K. fll 
ttrw,*!)? Ho, kal Veiy yod, i iwl— I 1 '«• ■««■ 
a UmI in tbo HwiwUy (Mf)*>s >b7 toT*." 
Cn. HiKibl, Ihiw MMwungMl, inA • Utik mm* rf I 
db, mmI handed it to W iiiiighlii% vh* ArtlMlj A^ 

I «K«Xipl« of Uwir IDOthHE. 

"lloUcm ^m tiM, Al" Mid Mi^ Maal^ ^k^ , a| 

atioa with hi* bga In hia «v|<ijr«wnl «< lh> i^k *1 

Nth in th* wng. Biu, oh I Vc^ to Im mm. lit, Ift I 

j|Mm pif aoul, that '• mm oI lb* Wl tkbip 1 kaavT* '■ 

JTM H> sxaMiml^ tii-^id I7 tha jaal that h* mM«t ifl 

hot npwtad twenty tinra^ "tim. At Y«^ to h* « 

a, of onuM. Ha, ha. ha! Vpun nj lila, yw kmtm, I 

oa^ to fan MBt to aotBatxaly who a>uM niafca «m af IL I 

ooa 14 lb* anurtrat tliinp tliat rror waa MkL Hatos 4 

ItM, eh I Of coune. Vif^ bi>Un«. Ha. K UI* 

Hprv a Icniick wan )it«t\l >l tlw- mi-tn (li»r. 

"Tlxit 'h T<>ck<-T, / know," HiJ Mn. M.wl.l. ">« tha «)> 

iii^ h.- i]i.>k.-K. WK.. tliiit li.-Ar» )iim ti..« «.t:M -'h;^. k 


*'Tell Mrs. Cramp to come up stairs," said Mould. "Now, 
Mn. Cramp^ what 's t/our newst " 

The lady in question was by this time in the doorway, curt- 
seying to Mrs. Mould. At the same moment, a peculiar fra- 
gnnce was borne upon the breeze, as if a passing fairy had 
hioooughed, and had previously been to a wine vault 

Mn. Gamp made no response to Mr. Mould, but curtseyed 
to Mrs. Mould again, and held up her hands and eyes, as in 
a devout thanksgiving that she looked so welL She was 
neatly, but not gaudily attired, in the weeds she had. worn 
when Mr. Pecksniff had the pleasure of making her acquaint- 
ance ; and was perhaps the turning of a scale more snuffy. 

"There are some happy creeturs," Mrs. Gamp observed, "as 
time runs back'ards with, and you are one, Mrs. Mould; not 
that he need do nothing except use you in his most owldacious 
way for years to come, I 'm sure ; for young you are and will be. 
I says to Mrs. Harris, " Mrs. Gamp continued, " only t' other 
day ; the last Monday evening fortnight as ever dawned upon 
this Piljian's Projiss of a mortal wale; I says to Mrs. Harris 
when she says to me, ' Years and our trials, Mrs. Gamp, 
sets marks upon us all, ' — ' Say not the words, Mrs. Harris, 
if yon and me is to continual friends, for sech is not the 
case. Mrs. Mould,' I says, making so free, I will confess, as 
nae the name " (she curtseyed here), '* ' is one of them that 
goes agen the obeerwation straight; and never, Mrs. Harris, 
whilst I 've a drop of breath to draw, will I set by, and not 
stand up, don't think it. ' — 'I ast your pardon, ma'am, ' says 
Mrs. Harris, 'and I humbly grant your grace; for if ever a 
woman lived as would see her feller creeturs into fits to serve 
her friends, well do I know that woman 's name is Sairey 
Gamp. ' " 

At this point she was fain to stop for breath ; and advantage 
may be taken of the circumstance to state that a fearful mys- 
tery surrounded this lady of the name of Harris, whom no one 
in the circle of ^Irs. Gamp's acquaintance had ever seen; 
neither did any human being know her place of residence, 
though Mrs. Cramp appeared on her own showing to be in con- 
stant communication with her. There were conflicting ru- 
moura on the subject; but the prevalent opinion was that she 
was a phantom of Mrs. Gamp's brain — as Messrs. Doe and 
Boe are fictions of the law — created for the express purpose of 


holding visionary dialogues with her on all manner of snljeeti, 
and invariably winding up with a compliment to the exoeUenee 
of her nature. 

''And likeways what a pleasure," said Mrs. Gamp, tunung 
with a tearful smile towards the daughters, ''to see them tvo 
young ladies as I knowed afore a tooth in their pretty heads 
was cut, and have many a day seen — ah, the sweet creetoisl 
— playing at berryin's down in the shop, and foUerin' the 
order-book to its long home in the iron safe ! But that 's all 
imst and over, Mr. Mould;" as she thus got in a carefully 
regulated routine to that gentleman, she shook her head wag- 
gishly; "that 's all past and over now, sir, ain't itf " 

" Changes, Mrs. Gamp, changes ! " returned the undertakeL 

" More changes too, to come, afore we 've done with change^ 
sir, " said Mrs. Gamp, nodding yet more waggishly than hdan. 
" Yoimg ladies with such faces thinks of something else besides 
berry in 's, don't they, sirt" 

"I am sure I don't know, Mrs. Gamp," said Mould with a 
chuckle. — " Not bad in Mrs. Gramp^ my dear I " 

"Oh, yes, you do know, sir!" said Mrs. Gamp, "and bo 
does IVIrs. Mould, your 'ansome pardner, too, sir ; and so do I, 
although the blessing of a daughter was deniged me ; which, if 
we had had one, Gamp would certainly have drunk its little 
shoos right off its feet, as with our precious boy he did, and 
art^rwards send the child a errand to sell his wooden leg for 
any money it would fetch as matches in the rough, and bring 
it home in liquor; which was truly done beyond his years, 
for ev'ry individgle penny that child lost at toss or buy for 
kidney ones; and come home arterwards quite lx>ld, to break 
the news, and oflfering to drown himself if sech would be a 
satisfaction to his parents. — Oh, yes, you do know, sir, " said 
Mrs. Gamp, wiping her eye with her shawl, and resuming the 
thread of her discourse. "There's something besides births 
and berryin's in the newspapers, ain't there, Mr. Mould t" 

Mr. Mould winked at Mrs. Mould, whom he had bv this 
time taken on his knee, and said, "No doubt. A good deal 
more, Mrs. Gamp. Upon my life, Mrs. Gamp is very far 
from bad, my dear ! " 

"There's marryings, ain't there, sir?" said 'Mrs, Gamp, 
while b