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. KelD a^ttition, SUtrttcetr in ^xitt, 


Jnit pnhlUhed, in One Thick Volnme 12mo, price Is., neatly and strongly bound, 

673 pages, the Sxcond EniTioN of 


New and Systematic Plan ; from the Earliest Times to the Treaty of r| 

Vienna. To which is added, a Sommary of the Leading Events since that [| 

Period. For the Use of Schools and of Private Students. By H. WHITE, f| 

B. A. Trinity College, C^bridge, M.A. and Ph. Dr. of Heidelberg. (I 

This work is divided into Three Parts, corresponding with Ancient, Middle, [{ 

and Modem History, and again subdivided into Centuries, so that the various {\ 

events are systematically grouped together in the order of time ; while the J{ 

narrative is so arranged that the annals of each country may be studied [{ 

separately. To guide the researches of the student^ the work contains numer- o 

ouB Synoptical and other Tables, with Sketches of Literature, Antiquities, and 

Manners at the great chronological epochs. \\ 

The Three Parts {Ancient, Middle j and Modem History)^ each complete Q 

in itself, may also be had separate, Ss. 6fl. bound. (i 

" The Elements of Univenal History is entitled to great praise : the writer has taken [ j 

a firm grasp of his subject, he exhibits a Just estimate of things, and separates, by typogra- !l 

^lical divisions, the narrative of events from the commentary upon them."— Spectotor. ^J 

" Executed with much Judgment The diflBcult task of reviewing the whole histor>' of JJ 

the world, and condensing it with clearness, has been accomplished in tliis single volume >{ 

with a success that does great credit to the author, and cannot foil to reconuuend it to ex- [J 

tensive and pennanent circulaAon."— Jfomifi;^ Herald. 

" This b a most excellent and valuable work, — one of the best, clearest, and compactest \ 

epltomas of general history, ancient and modem, tlutt we have met yiith.*'— Edinburgh )\ 

* ' We consider this the most complete and valuable compendium of general history for the } { 

me of the young that we have yet seen." — Tait's Magaame. q 

" The accuracy of the author's information is unquestioned, as it has been collected with /• 

great labour from original authorities ; and the skill with which he has digested his various (J 

materiato into order has given unity to the ^hole,*'— Edinburgh Courant (\ 

Dr Merle D'Aubign^, in the prefiEtoe to the Fourth Volume of the History of the Reformation , /{ 

^Making of Dr White, who was engaged with him in preparing the English original, thus (i 

aoknowTedget his valuable services :—*< I could not have had a more enlightened coadjutor, (j 

I bare axpreas my obligations to hhn for his very able assistance." Q 

Dr WHZTB has also in FMparatioiii I! 


with an Account of the Present State and Resources of the United (j 

Kingdom and its Colonies. 12mo, price 3s. bound. 

This volume will contain a brief Historjr of Enf^land, Scotland, and Ireland, '* 
with Sketches of the Literature, Aniiquities, Civilisation, and Commerce of 

the three Kingdoms to the presen t date, witl^ aa^Aflflfl iMi^f the Condition () 

and Resources of the United K* , ^ . ■ ,..- •'^7;$jfe'^;Mal#t5^^^storY of the {{ 

People, hitherto much newj^^-j^fi^h '?iS^iL^'»i*gS BR5 :. Is a prominent o 

kmtaiv In this Work. ^V]0i^ '''■'^W^y^^^^. H {{ 

Bdinhwrgb : Olivem ft Be .'V l^- " * '^. \a.^ k Co. ^ 

KelD a^ttition, SUtrttcetr in ^xitt, 


Jut poUithed, in One Thick Volnme 12mo, price Is., neatly and strongly bound, 

673 pages, the Sxcond EniTioN of \ 

New and SyBtematic Plan ; from the Earliest Times to the Treaty of 
Yienna. To which is added, a Summary of the Leading Events since that 
Period. For the Use of Schools and of Private Students. By H. WHITE, 
B. A. Trinity College, C^bridge, M.A. and Ph. Dr. of Heidelberg. ( 

This work is divided into Three Parts, corresponding with Ancient, Middle, 
and Modem History, and again subdivided into Centuries, so that the various 
events are systematically grouped together in the order of time ; while the 
narrative is so arranged that the annals of each country may be studied 
separately. To guide the researches of the student, the work contains numer- 
ooB Synoptical and other Tables, with Sketches of Literature, Antiquities, and 
Manners at the great chronological epochs. 

77^ Three Parts (Ancient, Middle, and Modem History), each complete 
in itself, may also be had separate, Ss. 6fl. bound. 


" The Elements of Universal History is entitled to great praise : the writer has taken 
a firm grasp of his subject, he exhibits a Just estimate of things, and separates, by typogra- 
phical divisions, the narrative of events from the commentary upon them."-^i}ectotor. 

*' Executed with much Judgment. The diflBcult task of reviewing the whole history of \ 

the world, and condensing it with clearness, has been accomplislied in this single volume [ 

with a success that does great credit to the author, and cannot liail to reconuuund it to ex- } 

tflDsive and pennanent circulation. "—Jfomini^ Herald. ( 

" This b a most excellent and valuable work, — one of the best, clearest, and compactest 
epltomai of general history, ancient and modem, tliat we have met yfiih."— Edinburgh 

"We condder this the most complete and valuable compendium of general history for the 
me of the young tliat we have yet 8een."--Tatr« Magazine. 

" The accuracy of the author's information is unquestioned, as it has been collected with \ 
great laJwur from original authorities ; and the skill with which he luui digested liis various ( 
materiato into order has given unity to tlie wrholQ.*'—Edthlnirgh Courant ( 

Dr Merle D'Aubign^, in the preface to the Fourth Volume of the Ilistorv of the Reformation , [ 
^Making of Dr White, who was engaged with him in preparing the English original, thus ( 
Mknowledget his valuable services :—** I could not have liad a more eni^htened coa4jutor. 
I bare axpreas my obligations to hhn for his very able assistance." 

Dr WHZTB has alio in FMparatioiii [ 


with an Account of the Present State and Resources of the United (I 

Kingdom and its Colonies. 12mo, price 3s. bound. (| 

This volume will contain a brief Histor]r of Enf^Iand, Scotland, and Ireland, [< 

with Sketches of the Literature, Antiquities, Civilisation, and Commerce of (j 
the three Kingdoms to the presen t date, with j^p fjccv — * £^ the Condition 
and Resources of the United I^*'T!*T'''''^rT'^r^3f^5^^'»5i\ History of the 

People, hitherto much negYi^X^-^S^^s'yiZ*^^^^ a prominent o 

iSw/o/v la tbia Work. - - » ^ ^- • « 3it»wi*. i.r 


Bditiburgb: OnvEM&Bc • .* ■ : ^ % V^*^^^' ^ 

. TAtf» attrition, autrtteelr in Ij^vUt, l 



Jut poUithed, in One Thick Volnme 12mo, price Is., neatly and strongly bound, 

673 pages, the Sxcond EniTioN of 


New and SyBtematic Plan ; from the Earliest Times to the Treaty of A 

Yienna. To which is added, a Summary of the Leading Events since that [{ 

Period. For the Use of Schools and of Private Students. By H. WHITE, f{ 

B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, M.A. and Ph. Dr. of Heidelberg. 



This work is divided into Three Parts, corresponding with Ancient, Middle, 

and Modem HiatoTj, and again subdivided into Centuries, so that the various {[ 
events are systematically grouped together in the order of time ; while the 

narrative is so arranged that the annals of each country may be studied ^, 

separately. To guide the researches of the student, the work contains numcr- 

DOB Synoptical and other Tables^ with Sketches of Literature, Antiquities, and [> 

Manners at the great chronological epochs. 

The Three Parts {Ancient, Middle, and Modem History), each complete || 

in itself, may also be had separate, Ss. 6fl. bound, (» 

" The Elements of Universal History is entitled to great praise : the writer has taken [{ 

a flrm grasp of his subject, he exhibits a Just estimate of things, and separates, by typogra- \\ 

^lical divlsioDs, the narrative of events from the commentary upon \hem,"— Spectator. ^ { 

'* Executed with much Judgment. The diflBcuIt task of reviewing the whole histor>' of J| 

the world, and condensing it with clearness, has been accomplished in tliis single volume >| 

with a success that does great credit to the author, and cannot fail to recommend it to ex- /; 

tensive and pennanent circulation."— Jfomifii^ Herald. {\ 

" This b a most excellent and valuable work, — one of the best, clearest, and compactest \ 

epltomai of general history, ancient and modem, tliat we have met with."— £d<n6uryA )\ 

* ' We consider this the most complete and valuable compendium of general history for tlio }{ 

me of the young that we have yet seen." — TaiVs Moffouine. (% 

" The accuracy of the author's information is unquestioned, as it has been collected with ,^ 

great laJwur from orighial authorities ; and the skill with which he has digested his various (| 

materiato into order has given unity to the yrhole,*'—EdirU>urgh Courant 

Dr Merle D'Aubign^, in the prefiaoe to the Fourth Volume of the History of the Reformation , ({ 

^Making of Dr White, who was engaged with him in preparing the English original, thus () 

•eknowledget his valuable services :— ** I could not have had a more enlightened coadjutor. (| 

I bare axpreas my obligations to him for his very able assistance." Q 

Dr WHZTB has also in Prepamtioiiy [j 

with an Account of the Present State and Resources of the United (> 
Kingdom and its Colonies. 12mo, price 3s. bound. 

This volume will contain a brief Histor]r of Enf^land, Scotland, and Ireland, 
with Sketches of the Literature, Antiquities, Civilisation, and Commerce of 
the three Kingdoms to the presen t date, witl} m /^rrr — *' f** the Condition 
and Resources of the United Ui J, :. . j... -'« ^•*-'.^*Bafe*^iMl^*^**^'y ®^ *'^® «r 
People, hitherto much negl//'rrr^^t?J^5,*v;^^ |i a prominent (} 

Ibmtan in tiuB Work. ' '" '""" ** 


. jNftIo maUnK, mttmitt in ^xitt, » 


Dr WHZTB has alio in FMpanttioiii 

Jnit pnUished, in One Thick Volume 12mo, price Is., neatly and strongly bound, 

673 pages, the Sxcond EniTioN of (> 


New and SyBtematic Plan ; from the Earliest Times to the Treaty of rj 

Vienna. To which is added, a Summary of the Leading Events since that [{ 

Period. For the Use of Schools and of Private Students. By H. WHITE, f| 

B. A. Trinity College, Cambridge, M.A. and Ph. Dr. of Heidelberg. (> 

This work is divided into Three Parts, corresponding with Ancient, Middle, 
and Modem History, and again subdivided into Centuries, so that the various 
events are systematically grouped together in the order of time ; while the 
narrative is so arranged that the annals of each country may be studied 

separately. To guide the researches of the student, the work contains numer- r) 

CUB Synoptical and other Tables^ with Sketches of Literature, Antiquities, and [> 

Manners at the great chronological epochs. r| 

The Three Parts {Ancient, Middle, and Modem History), each complete vt 

in itself, may also be had separate, Ss. 6fl. bound, (i 

*' The Elements of Universal History is entitled to great praise: the writer has taken |{ 

a llrm grasp of his subject, he exhibits a Just estimate of things, and separates, by typogra- \\ 

^lical divisions, the narrative of events n-om the commentary upon i\xem."^pectaU>r. ^^ 

** Executed with much Judgment. The diflBcult task of reviewing the whole history of J{ 

the world, and condensing it with clearness, has been accomplished in tliis single volume >c 

with a success tliat does great credit to the author, and cannot &il to recommend it to ex- ^i 

tensive and pennanent circulation."— Jfomifii^ Herald, 

This is a most excellent and valuable work, — one of the best, clearest, and compactest X 

^m— of general history, ancient and modem, that we have met yti\h."—Edittburgh )\ 

* ' We condder this the most complete and valuable compendium of general history for the } { 

me of the young that we have yet seen."--TatC'« Mafftuine. (\ 

" The accuracy of the author's information is unquestioned, as it has been collected with ^ ^ 

great labour from original authorities; and the slull with which he has digested his various (| 

materiato into order has given unity to tlie yHhole,"— Edinburgh Courant O 

Dr Merle D'Aubign^, in the preface to the Fourth Yolume of the History of the Reformation , ({ 

BptmkinK of Dr White, who was engaged with him in preparfaig the Bnglish original, thus () 

Mknowledget his valuable services :— ** I could not have had a more enlightened coadjutor. (| 

I bare axpreas my obligations to him for his very able assistance." Q 


with an Account of the Present State and Resources of the United (> 

Kingdom and its Colonies. 12mo, price 3s. bound. 

This volume will contain a brief Histor]r of Enf^land, Scotland, and Ireland, |j 

with Sketches of the Literature, Antiquities, Civilisation, and Commerce of o 

the three Kingdoms to the presen t date, wit h pji^AflflfliMMkyf the Condition () 

and Resources of the United P" ,^ -, r /.: -^^'^'jfe-il^ La iitlia^^'^*^'^ ^^ *^® ({ 

People, hitherto much nMVJ^i^•^5if(5*^^^>'^ |i a prominent (\ 

^b»tSnm this WoA. V':^^-'" ■ ?^^ 11 I 


4 /. //^'^. 





dFbt tt)t «« of ScfjooU. /r?^?)7T\ 






[Price Two ShillingB and Sixp«Qce bound.] 


Printed by Oliver & Boyd, 
Tweeddal« Court, High Street, Edinburgh. 


In preparing this Initiatory Book for publication, the 
Editor has strictly confined himself to the object he had 
in view, namely, to offer to the public a Greek Book for 
beginners, consisting of a continuous narrative, with a 
copious Vocabulary, and a translation of the more difficult 
phrases. He has, therefore, avoided making any critical 
or philological remarks, as being out of place, and as 
tending to increase the bulk and price of the Volume, 
without adding to its utility to those for whose advantage 
it is intended. He has adopted the text of Dindorf ; but, 
in the punctuation, has consulted Poppo and his own 
judgment. The Vocabulary he has endeavoured to make 
as complete and accurate as possible. Particular atten- 
tion has been paid to the Conjugation of the Verbs, — 
those parts only being given which are found in the best 
classical writers. 

WssT End Acjidsmy, Abxrdssn, 
September S9»im, 




Accguov 7cu) Tluguffurthog yiyvovron iccCihiq ivo, cr^ g^- 1 
(ivregog (jijIv ' Agru^Bo^fjg, PBa/regog hi Kvgog. imi Jg 
hcf^ivii Augi7og Kui VTr&fTrsvB tbKbvttjv rov ^tov, 

'prgiffjiOrigog Trag&lv irvyxuve' Kvgov hi ^ijircc'TcliJij'TCZ- 
Ton am rfjg ugx^g rig ocvrov aurgdTyjv iTotijae, xut 
arguTTjyov hi ocvrov uTihst^s Truvrajv ocoi etg Kaaroh 
Xov 'jr^hiov a^goi^oprai, uva^uiv&t ovv 6 Kvgog Xot^div 
litGau<pi^vriv dg ftKov, Kut rSv 'EKKfjvwv hi g%a;v oVX/- 
rocg avijirj rgiuxoffiovg, agj(fivra hi avrm 'S^vtuy 
Uuppdcffwv, imi hi IrBXBVTTjae AugBiog, kcc) xuriffT?j3 
etg TTJv ^ocfftXeiup ' Agra^eg^fjg, Tt(T(Tu(pigvf}g hicc^uKKu 
rov Kvgov 'TC^og rov uhX^pov dg iTt^ovXevoi ccvrcS. 6 hi 
Tret^erul re Km (TvKKafjb^uvu Kvgov wg u'^oxtspSv • 
^ hi (jufjTTjg i^octryjaaiJjivjj avrov uTOTefiTei 'TrakiP i'x) 
TTJv agx^v. h\ ag icTcri^i xtvhvvevffug ku) ar/|M»aff-4« 
^g/V, ^ovXeverat mafg (JbfjTrore en hrui Itti rci a^gX^o/, 
uKK\ ijy hvvTjrut, ^uaikevGBi kvT hcemv. tlugvffurig 
yiih hfj fj (Jij^fjg v'TCTj^e rai Kyf^, (piXovffoc uvrov yiiSX- 
"Kov jj rov poc(Tt7\£vopra * Agru^eg^fjp. OGng h* apKVuroS 
raiv 'jrugoi ^ufftKs&fg crfoV avrov, Truvrcig otira J/ar/- 
^iig a^g^g/^Tgro ciare ocvr^ fiSXKov flKovg ehou ^ 


6 • UB. I. CAP. I. 

^ouriKu. . Kou rSif 'X'ocg iuvrZ ii ^ag^dgat^ Ixzyi^ikuTO 
tig *jeoKi(UUV t,b Utxyo) s'lriffuv ku) ivvo'ixcSg 'ixouv uvrSi. 

6t^y Jg *YXkifivix^v ivvot[Ji*tv ^"^goiZ^Bv dg fLaKtaru ilvvaTO 
WtxgvTTOf/fBifog, OTcjg on aTragaaxsvorurov Kd^oi ^oc- 
ffikioc. «yjg ovv BTonlro ttjv (TvKKoyrjv. OTroaug g/p^g 
^uXuKoig \y raig 'ffokicn^ 'jcctgi^yyiCki roig ^govgoigx^ig 
hcuffroig XufJb^dvitv oivhgag TleKoTowtjatovg ort TrXeiff- 
rovg KOU ^BkrlaTOvg^ ug eTi^ovXBvoi/rog Ti(T(Tcc(pigvovg 
Tu7g mXiffi. kou yoLg Jjauv cc! 'Iowikou TroXetg T^do-a- 
pigvovg TO kgyjuov^ he ^aaiXiofg Jg5o|M»gi/a/, tots h* 

7 u(ps(rTfjKB(TOiv Tgog Kvgov 'Tcmai TXijv IS/ltXfjTOV Iv 
IS/ltX^T&f 5g TKTcroc^sgvfjg 7rgoam^6[JbB¥og ra uvToi toujto. 
^ovXivo^iAvovg^ ocTOffT^vai 'jrgog Kvgov, rovg ^\v av- 
tSv a^TBKTem, rovg h' i^i^ocXsv. 6 is Kvgog VTroXoc- 
|8fi)v Tovg ^svyovTug, avXXs^ocg STgaTSviija STToXiogKSi 
M/Tjyrov Koci KUToi y^v kou ko^tu ^ocXuttocv^ kou stsi- 
goiTO Kuroiym TOvg SKTSTTOfKOTocg. kou uvttj uv aXXrj 

STgo^UGig 7Jv ocvTM TOv u^gotZ^siv aTgocTSVfjijOc. Tgog hs 
jSaff/Xga TS[Ji*Tafv fj^iov a^gX^o^ Sfv o^vtov io^^ou ot 
ravTug rag mXstg (ijoilXov ^ Tiaaa(psgvfjv oigx^iv ai- 


fiocffiXsug Trig (hh Tgog suvrov S'Xt^ovX^g ovk ^d^avsro^ 
Titaffoi^^spvsi is gi/ofe»/^g 7roXs(Jbovvroc ocvtov afjb^t ra 
ffrgocrsvfjbocru iuToctfoiv Scrrs ovih rT)(^STO avrZv 'xo- 
XsfJifOVPTafK KOU yoLg 6 Kvgog aTgTgjO/Tg rovg ytyvo- 
yiAvovg iocafjbovg ^aatXst sk tZv toXsoov m Tta(7a(psgv7jg 
Bsrvyxuvsv sxcktv. aXXo is (yTguTSUfJi^oc uvtm avvsXsysro 
iv Xsppovfiff&f Tti Karavrixsgag *A^viov rovis rov rgo- 
TOV. KXsocg^og AocKsiou[jij6yiog ^vydg Jjy rovru trvy- 
ysv6(isvog 6 Kvgog fjyda^ rs uvrov kou iihuaiv avrci 
ytiVgiovg iotgspcovg. 6 Jg Xoc^m to ')(jgvam aTgdiTSV[Jbos, 
avpsXs^sv am tovtoi)v tSv xS^t^^TafV, Koi S'XoXsfJijSi, sk 
Xsppopfjcrov ogfiAffJifSitog, ro7g 0f a|i To7g wrsg 'EKXtjffToih 

UB. I. CAP. It. , . 7 

ro¥ olKOvcn, kou i(piX$i rovg ''£XX^ya;r <^'^^s ^ou 
j^jM>ara avvB^aKkoyTO uvra ug ttjv rgofijt rSv ffrga^ • 
riatrSv ul 'EkkfjgToynocKui 9r6XBig ixoucrai. roSro.V . 
uv ovTOf rgi(p6[ji*Byov iKdv^avBy avrS to argoirsvfjbk^ 
* Aot(TTiTTog hi 6 QsTTuKog ^kvog mv irvYXjxviv avrS^lO 
xut TrnZpf/jByog vm rSv oIkoi avTKTTacrioiJTSv e^Brots ■ 
Toog rov Kvgov, xut ourii ocvtov ilg hay/kiovg ^kvovg 
xcct rgiSv fhfivZv fi^ta^ov, dg ovro) Tsgiyspofiepog oiv rSv 
aifri(Tra(Ti6JTS». 6 il Kvgog hihcocriv avrS e!g reTguxia^ 
Xikiovg xai e^ [JtjfjvSv (IjKt^ov^ zai SgJra/ avrov {i9j 
"iTgoa^iv KocTuXvffai t^oj rovg avridradiurag Tgh av 
avr&i avfjb^ovKsvfffjraL ovrcj is av rq b ©grraX/a 
iXdv^uvev ccvtS rgB^ofJiABvoy argoireviJijK. Ugo^svov 5g 1 1 
rov 3otafrioy ^evov ovtu ocvtcu ixiXsvffB Xa^ovru avhgug 
on 'xKBiarovg 'xa^ayBvia^ui^ ug Big Yliaioug ^ovKoybB- 
vog aTgccrBVBff^ui, ug 7rgdy[jijOiToc TugBXovrcov rZv Yiiai" 
iSv rfi BOiVTOv X^S^' ^o^olIvbtov hi rov ^rvfj^pdckiov 
xui ^ofKgUTTjv roV 'Axatov^ ^ivovg ovrag kol) rovTOvg, 
BKBkBvcfBv oivtgocg Ku(i6yTug bK^bTp on TXBtaTOvg, dg 
'roKBfJifTjaanf Ti(T(rcc(pBgyBi ffvv ToJg (pvyuai tcSv "NliXTjaicifv. 
Ku) BToiovy ovra/g ovtol 


'E^g/ y ihoKBt TjhTj wogBVBa^ui uvrZ &m^ nju [juhl 
TTgopaaiv btoibJto dg UiGthug (iovX6[jijBvog ixfiuXBtfy 
'jravTUTaffiv Ik r^g X&fgag' Kut a^gotZ^Bi dg bt) roth 
rovg TO TB ^ug^ocgtKOv xcct TO 'EXhjyixov hruv^os, 
(rTgdrBV[Ji*a' kou Tu^ayyBKXBi rd tb KXBugx^ Xafiovn 
r^KBiv Offov T}v avTcS (rTgdirBV[JUcc, kou rd 'Af/dTiWa;, 
cvvaTCXu^yivn Tfo^ rovg oikos, aTocrgft^-v/za/ t^oV buvtov 

8 LIB. I. CAP. II. 

vgoeffTrjxBi rov h roclg '^roXitrt ^svikov^ riKBiv Tu^ay- 
ygXXs/ Koc^oPTOc rovg divlgug tTsj^v OToaot Uavo) J^ffocv 

2Toig uxgomXsig ^vKcHttuv. BKoXsae il Koi rovg M/X^^ 
rov ToTjogKovf/rug, koci rovg (pvyochotg iKsXsvffB avv 
avrS argarsvia^ut, v7ro(Txo[Ji*Bvog avrolg^ el Ka'kSg 
xurocTgdi^BiBv 1^' a iargurevero, fjbf] vgoG^ev Ta6<7a<r- 
^at Tgh ccvrovg Karccyiyoi diKol^e, oi he ^Veag exei- 
^ovro' eTtarevov yoig uvrci' xut Xa^ovreg ra otKoc 

STrao^ffocv elg ^dcghetg. aepiag [Jbh h?j rovg ex rSv m- 
Xecuy "ka^m wageyevero eig 2af Sg/^, owXtrag elg rergor 
KidT/fhSovg' Ti^o\eyog Sg Ta^^y v/^iv OTrXirug f/jh elg 
Trevrocxoatovg Koi ')(/kiovg^ yvf/jVfjrocg he 'TcevraKOdiovg^ 
^o^cciverog he 6 ^rv[Jij^diXiog OTrXtrag eyjav y/kiovg^ 
^cuKgdrrig he 6 ' A^a^oV oirKirag e')(fi)v dg 'Tcevruxocfiovg^ 
Yiaaluv he 6 "Nleyocgevg eig rgio^offiovg (hh oVx/ra?, 
rgiaxofftovg he *jre\roi^rag 'ixcuv Tugeyevero' tjv he Kui 
ovrog Koi 6 ^&fKgoirfig rZv kybpi MiTjjrop (Trgurevo- 

A^liAvm, ovroi [Jbh elg ^oigheig avra ap'xovro. Tiaaa- 
^egvfjg he xaruvoriaag ravro^, kou [d^etZpva, fiyriauihevog 
ehat ^ dg em UiGihug rriv Taf a<T«gy^y, Togeverai ug 
^uaikea j} ehvmro ra%/<rra, tTTTreag e^ct^v dtg ^evrocxo- 

5(Ttovg. xou ^ocaiKevg [/jh hrj^ eTei TJKOVffS Tugoi Ttatru- 
^egvovg rop Kvgov trroXov, oLvriTugeaxevuZ^ero. 

Kvgog he eyjtiv ovg eUgTjKOc dgfjbaro aTo ^dgheofy 
xoci e^eXavvei S/a r^g KvhloLg (yra^[Ji*ovg rgeTg Tuga- 
myyocg ehoffi kui hvo em rov Muiavhgov 'rora[jb6v. 
rovrov ro evgog hvo TXg&f a* ye^vga. he exfjv eZj^vyfJbevjj 

6xkomg eTrru. rovrov hiu^ag e^eXavvet hoi ^gvytag 
aru^fJifOv evoc Tragaadiyyag hxro) elg KoXoffffdg^ voXiv 
olxov(jijev7}Vy evhuifhovo^ xai (heyAhjif. hrav^a, 'iyi^eivev 
^fJi*egag eTrdi' kou rjxe Mivofv o QerruXog^ oxXirug 
i'Xfi)V x/Xiovg Kui veXrwrrag vevroucoalovg^ AoXovag 

LIB. I. CAP. n. 9 

Koci AJviZvug xoci ' OXvv^tovg. bTBV^ev l^Bkuvvsi cra^- 7 
(Jbovg rgug, Taguffuyyag siKoaiv, Big Kikutydg, Tfjg 4>f y- 
y/ccg TToXtv oiKOV[Jbivfjv^ (Jbiyoc'krjv xut Bvhoci[Ji*ovu, kv- 
rav^a KOga^ ^ocffiXnoc riv xoct TugaheKTog (JiAyag, 
aygtejy ^fjgicjv 'jrX^gTjg^ a BKBtuog g^^fgygj/ ccto JWoy, 
oVorg yv(JijVoi(Toci ^ovXoiro iccvrov re kou rovg h'Tcovg. 
5/a (iAtiov Sg 70V TafaSg/(Toy pg7 o ^uluvh^og Tora- 
^Log' Oil Sg Trfjfyoii avrov siaip Ik tSv ^ocffiXeicjif pst he 
Koci itoi Trig KeXoctvSv ToX^ag. 'iffri Sg koci f/jsyoiXovS 
^oiCTtXi&fg (iocffiXsioc h KeXociPOtg Iguf/jvoi stti TOig ttj- 
yocig rov Mo^gavov toto^jjijOv vwo Trj axgOToXw psT Sg 
«a/ ovTog hu t% ToXeag xoci l[Ji*^oiKXBi eig rov Ma/- 
avhgov rov Sg M,ot§(rvov ro svgog iffriv eiKoai kou TBvrB 
TTohSv. ivrocv'^oc Xiyerui ^AtoKXcov BK^Bigoci M,agffvocv, 
viKTjffocg BgtZfivroi ol TBgl aop'ag^ Koi ro iBgfJboc k^bilu" 
fTui h ra oivrgof o^gv a/ WTjyocr hot 5g rovro 6 Tora- 
fjbog KoCKBiroLi IS/locgtrvocg. evruv^u 'Seg^rjg, org bk rfjg9 
'KXXdlog ^rrTj^Big rri fJi^dcx^ aTg%^g>g/, XiyBrai oiKoho- 
(jj^ffoci ravrd re rot ^ocffiXsta koci r^v KbXuivSu ocKgo- 
Toljv. Bvrav^ot, b^/jBivb Kvgog ^[JbBgug rgidcKOvrw kou 
TiKB KXioig^og AocKBiatfJiAOviog ^vyotg, bxcjv oTXirocg 
XiXiovg kou ^jreXrocffrotg QguKug OKruKoaiovg koi ro^o- 
rag Y^fjroig hocKoaiovg. ocfjboc Ib koci ^Saig Tocg^v o 
^vgocKOfftog^ B^/sov OTXirug rgiocKOffiovc, kui ^opamrog 
6 'AgKotg Byj^v ovcXirag y/Xiovg. kou gvraS^a Yivgog 
B^BroitTiv KOU ugi^fLOv rSv 'EKXfjyay BT0tr}(7Bv iv rZ Ta- 
gociBiffe^^ KOU Bymvro ol av[jijTocvrBg oVX/ra/ fi^h (hvgioi 
KOU xtXioi^ TBXraffrai 11 oc(Jijpt rovg htr/jXiovg. hrBv-lO 
3rgy b^bXuvvbi aroc^iiiOvg ivo, wocguffdyyocg Vbkcc^ Big 


rgBig' h oug 'BBviocg 6 'AgKotg rot Avkouu b^vo^b koci 
aySvoi B^TjKB' rot il a^Xa fitrocv (rrXByyiheg y^vaai' 
B^BAfgBi il rov uy£m koci Kvgog. gi^gtJ^gv b^bXdcvvbs 

10 LIB. I. CAP. n. 

(rroc^[Jbodg ivo, TotgotffuYyag iofhxu, eig K&ga[JbSv ayo- 
gdvy ToKsv olxoufjubfjv, ItrxfliTTjy Tgog rj? Mvfficc xc^gcu 

1 1 ivrev^Bv i^skavm ara^ybovg rgstg, Taf acayyaj rf /a- 
Kovroc, eig KuvffTgov Teiiov, toXiv oixovfjijipTjv. h- 
rav^' s[ji*BfvBy ^(d^igo^ mvre' kou roig arouriofruig 
of^eiXBTO [j(ji(T^og vkbov ^ TgiSu f/jfivSv^ ku) ToT^aKig 
lovreg Wi roig ^vgccg a^jjroyv. o hs IX'X'ihag Xiyav 
h^ye Koci h^Xog ^v uvtc!f[jbevog' ov yoig riv Tgog rov Kv- 

12 gov TgOTTov lyjivrct /jijTJ o^Tohhovai. IvTUv^a a(ptKVB7' 
rat 'E^yala ^ ^vsvysffiog yvv^ rov KiXixcjy ^uffiXeag 
Tugot KSgov xoci iKkyzTO Kvgof lovpui 'XjgfjfjijCCTU 
'TCoKKd. Tfj y ovp argaria tots UTreicofcs K.vgog [Jt^tcr- 
^ov TBTTOLgav (JbTjvoiv. g/^^g Sg ^ ILbjacd xut ^vXccxocg 
Tegs 0CVT1JV iLthKug xui 'AaTSphiovg' iXiysTO hi kcu 

l^Gvyyma^tn Kvgov t^ KjXiaffrj. Ivtsv^bv II i^eXuvvei 
ffToc^[jijOvg ivOj Tuguaoiyyug Sgxa, etg Qv[Jt^^gtop, 'tcoX^v 
oiKov^bfjv. ivTccv^o(, TJv TTocgot TTjv ohov xgrjvT], fi M/Soy 
KuXov[Jt*&^rj Tov ^gvyaiv ^ocfftXecog^ g<p' jj Xiysroci MJhug 

14; rov ^ccTUgop ^rjgsvffuij oiv&f xegdffocg uvttjv. sptbv^bv 
k^sXocvpei (TTu^fJ^ovg ivo^ vagocadyyag Sg«a, eig Tugiu- 
Top, woXiP oiKovfiAvfjv, Iptuv^u, 'ifhUPiP ^[/jigug Tgdg, 
Koi XsyBTUi h?j^rjpoci ^ KiXtaffu Kvgov STihl^oct to 
(TTgoiTivihd ocvT^. ^ovXofjuBPog OVP iTthii^ut^ i^iroifftp 
TToislrai h tu Trehiof tSp *EKkf]Pcjp xocl tSp (iocg^dgcup. 

IslKsXevaB il rovg ''EKX^pocg, ig pofjbog avTolg eig /Ji^dx^^ 
ovTcj Tu-x^^pui xoci ar^pui, avPToi^ui he exocarop Tovg 
eavTOv. eTd')^rif^oi.p ovv ex) TeTrdgm. er^e he to 
fjifh he^top M.eP6fP zoci oi <jvv avrai^ to he evipvi^op 
}D\.eugxfig Koi ol Iksipov, to he yiAaop ol oi}Xoi ffTgccTfy- 

\6yoL e^eatgei ovp 6 ILvgog TgSTOP (JjIp TOvg ^a^g^d- 
govg' ol he TagrjXa.vPOP TeT(zy(Jbepoi xaTd HXccg xat xocroi 
Td^eig' etToc he tovc "ETyA^J^a^, TageXavp&iP g^' agfJbocTog 
Kou fi KiXtffffoc e(p' dg(JbocfJMx^g. eixop Sg vdpTeg Kgdpn 

LIB. I. CAP. n. 11 

^ixkfcoi Ku) xiruvng (pomKOvg tcu) Kyf^hihag xai raj 17 
offTriiocg lKXBza^ug[Jbiyug. iTTSihTJ is Tuvrccg TrugfjXccGB, 
arfjffocg to &gfLa ^go r^g (fxzKuyyog^ miit-^ag UtygTjroc 
TOP egfjbfjpta 'xccgoi rovg ffrgocTTjyovg rZv 'Y.l>Jivm, l;cg- 
XivtTB 'Xgo^uXBff^ui roi oVXa zai i^ix^gTJffut oTjjv Trjv 
(pAkayyo^ oi is ruvTOt ^goBtTov roTg argUTi&fTatg' xat 
imi BffukTiy^B, "jrgo^aKKofJbBVOi roi oVXa gcrjjgffav. bk 
is TOVTOv ^arrov 'ffgoiovruv trvv fcgocvy^, am rov ai- 
TOfJbdrov igoiJbog iyinro rolg (TTgocri&fruig btti rag (TKti- 
vdg, r£y il ^ae^dgav (po^og TToXvg kou aXXo/j, zu) ^'18 
rg K/X/(r<ra B^vyBv bk rijg agyijaiid^Tig, kou oi bk r^g 
ayogoig xurocKi'XovTBg roi oivioc B(pvyov' o! is '^FXKrjvBg 
(Tvv yBkofTi BTi roig (Txrjvoig TJK^oy. ^ Ib KiXicraoc 
iiovffu TTJv Xuf/f'jrgOTTjToc xoc) TTJv rd^ty rov ffTgarBV[Jba- 
rog B^ocvfJifUffB. Kvgog il ^'<r^ rov bk rZv 'ETJjjyofP 
Big rovg (iag^digovg ^o^ov liojv. IvrBv^Bv b^bKuvvbi 19 
(Tro^fiiOvg rgBig^ 'Kagws&yyoLg B'iKOffiv^ Big ^hcoviov^ rfjg 
^gvytccg mXiif BoxdrTiv. IvraDS^a B(JijBm rgBlg ^{ligag, 
ivTBv^BP B^BXocvm hoi rrig AvKccovtug trru^i/jovg TBvrB, 
Tugocffdyyocg rgiccKOuru. ruvrriv rrjv %^f av IwirgB-^B 
hoigroiffai ro7g '^EKhjcnv, ug ToXB[Ji*iuv ovirocv, lvrgy-20 
^v Kvgog rfjv KiTittrtrccv B\g r^v ISSKikIuv axomy^iTBi 
rnv rayjarnv o5ov, «a/ trv/BTBfJbypBif avr^ (rrguricjrag 
ovg Msmy gT%g koc) avrov. Kvgog Sg |M»gra rSv aKKcov 
b^bXocvvbi hoi Ku^TocioKiccg (xrcc^fj^ovg rBrroi,gag^ ^a- 
goLtf&yyoLg BiKOtn koci VBvrB, Tgog Aava, toTjv oiKOv- 
[ABVfjp^ [JbBydXTjv KOU BvhatfJifOvu. Bvrav^oc b/ji^bivocu ^jU/g- 
gccg rgslg' h ^ Kvgog kmKrBivBv avigoc IlBgcTfjyy Mg- 
yapBgyfjv, ^omxttrr^y ^ocffiKBtov^ kou srsgoy rim rZv 
wdgx^v ivpocffrrjv, ccirtoc(roi(JbBPog BTs^ovXBVBiif avrS. 
BvrBv^Btf BWBtgSvro Big^uKksiP Big rfjy KiKiKiocv ;? Jg21 
sig^o}^ Jjp obog afhu^irog^ og^ioc i(rxvgSg kou k^hnyfl'^ 
pog BiiSBt^up (rrgurBV(ji,uri9 Bt rig BK&fXvBv. Bkiysro hi 

12 LIB. I. CAP. n. 

xoci ^umBffig bHvus Wi rSv oipcgm, (pvXdirrcoy ttjv etg^o- 
}Jjv* ii s[Ji*emv ^fiigccv h rZ TBh'of, rj? ^ vcrregocioc 
^Ksv ayyekog T^kyav on 'k&KoiTojg ei'Tj ^vivysfftg ra oixgoc^ 
Wet ^(T^BTO TO re Mevofvog Gr^drev^a^ on tI^tj h YiiK- 
ixiif riv ehof rSy ogeav, koci on rgtTjgetg fjxove TegtTXe- 
ovffug aT *Ict)viug eig ILiKiKiav Tocfjualv eyjivrct roLg 

22 Aocxei(zi[ji*ovwp kou uvrov KOgov. Kvgog S' ovv 
ave^fl eTi ra ogT}, ovhevog KoSKvovrog^ xui ethe rag axri' 
mg ov o! ILiluxeg epvkarrov. hrev^ev 5g xare^amv 
eig ^e^iov ^/Aya ku) kolKov^ eTtfppvrop^ xoci hevhgojv 
^avroiocTSp efJUTXeofv xoci cciL'Tcekuv "jtoKv Sg x,ui (ttj- 
(TUfLOV 9C(U [JbeXivfju Kd) Kiy^ov Koci Tvgovg Ku) xgt- 
^ag (f>e§ei. ogog i* uvro xgf 4;^g/ o^jj^ov xat v-^tjXov 

2STuvrr}j ex> ^uXdrrfjg eig ^uXurrav. Kuru^otg he ha 
Tovrou rov Teh'ov nkutre (TTa^fJuovg rerragug^ ^af a- 
(Tciyyug rnvre kou eixoffiv, eig Tagcrovg, rrjg KsXtxiocg 
^oXty, ^/^eydXyiv kou eviuifjbovoc. brav^oc Jjcruv ra 
'Xvevveffiog (iuffiXeia rov KiXtPcofv ^uffiXeag' hu fjue- 
fffig ie r^g ToXjeag pg? 'xorafjijog, Kvhog ovofLu^ evgog 

24iivo TrXe^gofif. ruvrrjv rriv ToXtv e^eXiTov ol evoiKOvvreg 
fiera ^vevyeffiog eig x^gtov 6')Qjgov It/ ra ogrj^ TTjyv oi 
roi K(ZT7jXe7oc e^fivreg' efjbetyotv ie xai ol Tocga rrjv 3-a- 

25Xa,rrav oixovvreg ev ^oXoig ku) ev 'ItrtroTg. 'Exya^a 
ie Tl ^VBPymog yvvij TPorega Kvgov nvre ^(^egaig eig 
Tagffovg a(pixero, ev oe rfi vTeg^oX^ rSv ogSv rSv eig 
ro Teiiov ivo Xo')(/n rov ^emvog (rrgocrev[Jburog aToh 
Xovro' oi [Jbh e(pu(TUP dgTraZpvroig n KaraKO'^r^voci vtto 
rZv KiXiKcjyy oi ie v^xoXei^^evrugf xai ov ivyu[Jbevovg 
evge7v ro &KXo ar^drevyi^o^ ovhe roig ohovg^ eiroc ttXcc- 

26va(Jijevovg aToXecr^ur ^aocp ^ ovv ovroi hcurov otXT- 
ra/. ol y otKXoi exei mov^ rfjv re toXiv rovg Taj- 
covg hfjgwoMrotv, 5/a rov oXe^gov rSv (rvffrgunoi/rSv 6p- 
ytZpfJi^Bvoif Ku) ra ^ocffiT^sia roi ev oLvry. Kvgog ol 

MB. I. CAP. m. 13 

Wet BhrjKaffBv eig r^v mXiv^ [juerB'rB[JUTBro roif ^vmsffiv 
Tgog iavroy o ^ ovtb ^gorsgov ovievt ta; Kgeirron 
iocvTov elg %ug(x,g ih^uv Ipri ovrs rore K6f a; limt Tj^eks^ 
Tgh 71 yvvfj abrov STSicre kou Triarag gX.a/3g. |M»gra Jg27 
Tuvra, Its/ (rvnyivovTO oMJjKotg^ ^vmetrtg fji*h e^ofxe 
Kvgcjf y^^hOLTtx, TToKKoi sig r^v arguTioiy, Kvgog is 
iKSiv&f ISgoc & yofjbtZ^sron 'xugoi ^uffiKsi rifnu^ JWov 
Ygvffo%akivoy kui crrgS'TrTOv 'xjgvffovv xa) ypsktoc kou 
aKivoiKriv y^vffovv xui (rroKfjv YlegffiKrjv^ kcci rfjv xofguy 
[ifjKeri a^afTa^g(r3-a/, ra il ^gTrufffjuim avigoiToia, 


'EvratJS^a 'iyi^im ILvgog xoci fi aTgurioi fifhkgug ei'xoffiVi 
01 yug ffrgariZrat ovk 'ipoLcrav iivai roS Tgoaaf vTofT- 
revov yoig ^^tj ix) ^ucriXiu livar yiiiff^oS^^vai Sg ovk 
sTi rovToj 'ipocffup. TgSTog II KXeccg^og rovg uvtov 
(rrganafrag e^idZ^BTo Ispar ol Sg uvrov rs s^ocKkov «a/ 
ra vToZpyioc ra iKtivov^ ixi) ^g^aro Tgoispat. KXgaf-2 
Xog hi rore [Jbh f/jipcgop g^^yyg ro (Jb^ xara^Jtergof^^vaif 
v(rrego» J ItbI 'iyvoj on ov hvpfjirerai ^idcraa^aif ffvvfj" 
yayiv iKxhjffiav rSv avrov argariayrSr xai 'TCgokov 
[jbh eiaKgvB ToXvv ygovov hrrofg* ol Jg ogSvrsg IS-av- 
[d^aZpif Kut IfftofTTar gira Sg gAg|g roidie. "AvhgBgS 
ffrgart&frai, (Jj^ &ayfe»a^grg on %a\vjcSig (pegoj ro7g 
Tapovffi Tgdy[Jba(rtv. gft»o/ yag KSgog ^mg lymro, 
kUi fJiiB (pivyovra Ik rijg vargihog rd rs aKKa ln[JbTj(rB 
Ka) [Jbvgiovg ehofXB iaguxovg' ovg iyu Ka^aiv ovx tig 
ro *thioif xare^ifJbfiif i(ji,ot aXk* ovhl xa^iuTu^ffUf aXX' 
Sig V(Ji*ag ilardmv. xa) TgSrou (lIv rgog rovg &gSxag4f 

14 MB. I. CAP. m. 

v(Jij£iff sx TTJg X&ppov?j(Tov ccvTovg i^zkavvm ^ovko^i- 
povg apai^ik^ui rovg ivosKovvrag "'EKKfjvug ttjv y^v. 

5iTii6fi Jg ILv^og IkAKbi^ Ka^dv vfjuag iTogwofjbfjp, ipoc, 
6i ri Sgo/ro, of^BKoiTjp avrov av^' m ev STa^ov vt 
exemv. Its} is vfjbug ov ^ovKza^s crvfjbTogevea^oct^ 
(ivdyKfi 8g (ijoi 7i v{iSig Tgoioproc r^ Kvgov (piKta, %f ?<7- 
Sa/, Jj Tgog hcBtPOP -^zvadiijiPOP (Jbs^* vfjbcup Ikvui^ ei (hh 
5^ itxaioc 'Tcoiriffu ovk oBa, uigfiffofJijUt V ovp vfJuag^ xui 
(Tvp v[iAP o^Tt &p Sgj; TBicrof^as. xui ovtotb igsi ov- 
istg ajg iydt "EKkfiPocg ayuycUp tig rovg fiug^ugovg, 

dTTgohovg rovg"YXhjpag Tfjp tSp ^ug^dom (ptXtocp ztko- 
[ji^TjPi a}X Itsi vfjbstg i/jijoi .ov ^iXsre 'Trsi^sa^ui ovll 
iVgcS-a/, eydf avp vfjuTp s-^Ofjijui xut o^ri ap Sgj? ^g/(To- 
fe»a/. PO^iiiZfa yoig v^i^Sig i(J*ot shoit 9ca) TUTgtha xcci 
(piXovg Ku) Gvyi^^i^dyfivg^ xa) trvp vfjbtp fup up oJfjijUt 
eipui Tt[J[*iog otov up S)^ vfJbcSp is sgfifjtjog ojp ovk up ixu- 
pog Bipui olfJifUi ovr up (ptkop &f(piK^(rut ovr up g%%oV 
uki^ua^ui. cog i[Jbov ovp loprog oV;? up ku) vfjbsig, 

lovro) T^p ypaf[Jbfjp zyfrs. tuvtu stTep' ol Sg ffrguria}' 
rutf oi Ti uvrov iKiipov xut o! uKKoi^ ruvru ukovctup- 
reg^ on ov (puiri Tugu ^uaiXiu TogsUd^ui^ It^pbctup' 
Tugu il 'Esptov Ku) Xiuaiupog Tksiovg fi hax/Xtoi Ku- 
(ioPTsg ru otKu ku) ru (TKBvo^ogu larguro'TrB^Bvaupro 

STugu KXsugxff' ^vgog il rovroig utto^Sp tb ku) 


OVK i^bKb^ Xu^gu hi tSp (rrguriafrcip tb[ji^tojp uvrci 
uyyBkop B\ByB ^uppBlp, dg KurutrrriffoyiApojp rovrap 
Big TO iiop" [juBTU7rB[ji*TB(T^ui S' bkbKbvbp uvrop' UVTOg 
95' OVK B<pfj Ibpul [dfBTu Sg TUVTU (Tvpuyuyolp Tovg &' 
6UVT0V (TTguTtafTug Kui Tovg TgoasK^opTug uvtS ku) 
tSp uKKofP TOP ^ov\6[jbBPOP ekB^B TOtuiB, "ApigBg ffTgu- 
TieSTUif Tu [Ji*BP h^ Kygoy iijkop on ovTOfg lyjii TCgog 

UB. I. CAP. III. 15 

^fLoig oiffTTBg roi ^[Jberegu TfoV ixsTvov* oiire yoig ^[Jbug 
iKSivov 6Ti ffTguTieSrai, Its/ yg ov (rvvBTOfiB^oc air<5, 
ovre iKiTvog en ^[uv [^ta^oioTTjg' on (Jbevroi HixsTff^ui lO 
vo[Ji,iZ,Bi vp' ^[JbcSv olSa, oicTe xai i/jBTaxeiJijTO[jijipov ai- 
rov ovK i^skeif eh^uv, ro [Jtjh fhiyiarov^ ultr/pvoiiityog^ 
on (Tvvotia i[ji*ccvrci 'tcuvto, i-^evayijevog uvrov^ btutoc 

\jhov fjhxijff^aL l[jijOi ovv ^okbi oh^ Sga shai ^[Mif 1 1 
zcc^svhiiv ovh* af/fSkitv ^fjbSv avrZv^ ccKkoi ^ovXevBff- 
^a/ o^n Yi^ 'S'oietif hx rovTm* kou wg ri iiAvo[Mv 
avrov, (TKBTTBOv [/jOi ioKBi bIvui O'ffcog aa^uXiarura 
(Jbepovfi^sy^ ei re ij^ri ^oxel aTievut, OTcog aapaXeffrara 
£Ti[Ji*eif, xa) O'TCojg ra i'Tririi^eiu e^ofhev civev yo^g rov- 
Tm ovre arguTriyov ovre Ihofrov o^eXog ovUv. 6 S' 12 
apjjg TToXkov fuv oi^tog (piXog u olv <p(Xog fT, %aXgT^- 
rarog 5' e'j^gog £ a^u ToXefiiog ^. g%g/ ie ivifa[jijiif xm 
'jce^y kol) tT'Xtx^y xui mvnx^v tip Toivreg oybouug ogoh 
fj^ev re xoci WicrrdiJije^cc' xu) yotg ovhe Toppof ioxovf/jip 
(JitOi ocvrov xa^^^ff^ar oiare oltga Keyeiv o^ri ng y/y- 
vuffxet dgitrroif ehau rtwrat eiToly eTuvffaro. ex he 13 
rovrov aviaravro ol (ih ex rov avroybdrov Ke^ovreg & 
eyiyvGjffxoy^ ol ^g xou vie exetvov eyxekevtrroi^ eTiietx- 
vvvreg oia ^fj fi a^Togiu &hv rrjg Kvgov yvaff^rig xu) 
fj^eveiv xat a'^ievai. elg he hfj g/crg, *jrgoavotoviJiievogl^ 
(TTevheip ojg rayfartL Togeveff^cci elg r^v 'FXKdiha, 
(Trgurfjyovg [Ji^u ekeir^ui uKkovg dg roixtcra, el fiij 
^ovKeroci KXeug^og aTrdyetp' rd h* ewsr^heta dyogd- 
Z,e(T^ai (^ h' dyogd riv ev rS ^ag^agtxZ ffrgccrev[^ccri) 
xai ffvffxevdZ^eff^ocr eX^ovrug he Kvgov ulreiv tKoToc, 
ig ccTowXeoiev edv hie (Jijij hhS rocvrccj fiye(Ji*ova alrelv 
K.vgop, oang hid (ptXiug r^g yJ^goLg dTrd^er edv he 
(ifihe 7iye(ijOV(x, hihZ^ (xvvrdrrea^ui rrjv rdyjcrriv^ TgjOr- 
"vj/a/ Ve xcci TrgoxocruTjjyi/OfJueyovg rd dxgo^ o'jroog fji*^ 

16 LIB. I. CAP. m. 

iv ToXkovg Ku) ToKKoi j^f^ft^ara r/fiyi^zv avrjgroczorsg. 
ovrag fJith itj rotocvru bittz' fjbSToi il rovrov KXea^oj 

ISsJtb TOffovrou. 'Clg [juh (rrgarriyfiffouru IfJtjl ruvrriv 
Tfiv (rrgocTTjytuv fiTjieig vfJbSv XiyBr&f ttoKKk yoig ivogS 
OS a ijO/O/ rovro ov ^roifjreov atg og roj auogi a ccv sA^a- 
^6 'X'iiffOfiai i? ivyarov [JboiXi(rru, hot, ithiJTi on Kodi 
a^(r^a/ gT/Vraft^a/ &g rig pcoci oKkog [JuoiTaiTTcc av- 
^gofTm. (i^iroL rovrov aKKog aviffrfj, Wiieixuvg fjbh 

I6rij» Bvfj^Biuv rov ra ttKoToc alritv xekevovrog, ScT'XBg 
sraXiv roy aroKov K.vgov fjb^ ^oiovfjbBvoUy BTiiBiKvvg 5g 
eig BVfi^Bg BtTj ^yBfiovu ulrBlv Ta^a rovrov Z Xv^aivo- 
(iiB^oi, rrjv TTga^tv. bI Jg ku) rcS ^yb[jij6vi "jnffrBvffOfiBv 
S &v K.vgog his, ri koSKvbi ku) roi uxgot fifMv xbXbvbiv 

nKSfov TTgOKOirocKoifJif^oivBtv ; gya) yag OKVOifjv yi^h oiv 
siV ra TXoia B(Ji^^uivBnt & ^(uv ioifj, fji*^ fiy^Sig oi^vroug 
roSg rgtrjgBai xaro^vtrri^ ^o^oifi^Tjy i' ay rZ ^yBfji^ovi S 
ioifj 'iTBff^uif (Ji*9j ^(Ji^oig aydyrj o^bp ovx oUv rB hrou 
2|gX^rv, ^ovKoifJbTiv i' ap &Kovrog axioiv Kvgov Xoc^lv 

IS avroif ccffBT^ar o ov ivvu^rov icrriv. oeXk' lya (pfjfii 
TotSra (hh pKvocgtag Bivar ioKBt ii yi^oi avigag iT^ov- 
rag Tgog KSgoif oirmg BTirf}hioi trvv KXBagxff BgarZv 
izmoif ri ^ovXBroti f^Mv xg^cr^ocr xou Bay (Jbh ^ Tga^ig 
g Toga^Tjiffia o7ofTBg xa) Tgotr^Bv Ix^o 'rotg ^Buosg, 
?TB(r^ai xai ^[Ji*agy xa) f^fi xaxiovg uvai r£y vgotr^y 

19 rovrof avvava^avrav lap il yi^Bi^m fi 'X'ga^ig rijg 
vgoa^Bv ^atvrjrai xa} BTiTOPojriga xat BXixivhvvorBgu, 
a^ovp ^ TTBiffavra fiyi^ag AyBiv ri 'TCBia^Bvra ^rgog ^i- 
X/av a^iBvar ovrof yag xa) BT6[jbBvot av ^iXot avrZ 
xat Tgo^mi BTolfLB^a xa) aviovrBg aapa'kSg oof 
amotyiiBr o,ri ^ av Tgog ravra 'kByri^ avayyuKai 
^Bvgo* ^(Ji^ag y axovffoa^ag Tgog ravra ^ov'kBVBff^at. 

20gXo|g ravra, xa) avigag BX6(ji,Byoi svv KAga^a; srgjMr- 

LIB. I. CAP. IV. 17 

aTSxgivccTo on ocKOvoi ^ Afipoxofjuay^ sj^^oV aVSfa, 

ara^fjuovg' Tgog rovrov ovv 'i(pri (iovKsa^ut IX^Btv xuv 
[Jbh ^ l«g?, TTJu Hktiv 6(p?j Y^^l^uv gT/^g?va/ uvrZ^ riv 5g 
ptvyrit fn^ug IkbT Tgog ruvroc ^ovKbv(t6[JIa2^ol UK0th2l 
(ravreg Sg rccvroc os asgeroi avocyyiXhovai Tolg GTgartof' 
ratg' rotg 5g v'tto-^Icc f/jh rju on ayes Tgog ^aaiXicc^ 
OfJb&fg li iioxsi eTrea^cci. TgocratTOvcri 5g (Lia^ov 6 il 
Kvgog v'ffKj^zlrai ^fiwXwp Toifri imnv ov Tgoregov 
e^Bgoiff iivri lugstxov rgta ^(JbiiocgBizoi rov (hrivog ru 
ffr^anojrri' on 5g gT/ ^(zaiXeoc oiyoi ovhl Ivtocv^k 
^Kovffeif ovhstg h yg toj (pavBgZ. 


'KpTSvS&f i^BXuvvsi (TT(x,^(JijOvg hvo Trot^otaciyyug UkuI 
It) rov 'Vdoop woTafJbOP, ov tJp to evoog rgiu ^rXi^gu. 
ipTSv^ev k^eXavvBt (7rcc^(iov 'ivu^ 'xaooujdyyag tsuts ixi 
top TLvgotfJiAOP wotoc(i6p, ov ro Bvgog (XToihop. gi^rgS^gi' 
i^sXavpst aru^ybovg ivo^ Tugouruyyug 'XSPTSxathxcc iig 
*I(T(rovg, Trig KiXtxtug itr/fiTriP ToXtp^ g^/ rfi ^ocXurrri 
oIkov(jiAp7ip^ l/jByd}jjp kou tvhaiiijopa. hrav^ot, efjtjBiPocv 
if/jBgoig rgiig' Kai Kvgctf Tocgijirap as Ik HsXoTOPvfjaov^ 
PTJeg rgtaKOPTU xui wbpts kou W uvralg pava^og Ht;- 
^(tyogag Auzsi(zi[jij6piog. fiyuTO ^ avrZp TLU(Jbaig 
AiyvTnog g| 'E^g(Toy, g^ft/v va5^ hegag Kvgov tbpts 
xa} ehoaiv, aUg k^oXiogxsi Mt>jjrop, ors Ti(T(ra(f)egpet 
^iX^i hi ^codi (rvPBToXi(iei Kvg&f 'jrgog avrov, ^ocg^p ii 
zed Xsigiffo^og AaKs6oct[Ji*6vwg im tSp pbSv, (^BToiTS[j(jT'3 
7og V'S'd Kvgov, Irrocxoffiovg *ixajv O'^Xjragy Zp hrrgo^ 

B 2. 

18 LIB. I. CAP. IV. 

TfjyBi 'X'ocgot Kvgof. ui i\ v^eg Sg(jijOvv '^u^oi r^v Ku- 
gov ffKfjvTjp. gj'raO^a kui ol 'jcdg * A^gopc6(jijcc jm^/jS-o- 
p6goi "EKhjvig u^offTUPTsg f^K^ov Tuga. Kvgov, r^Tga- 

TBv^Bv i^BkuvPBi (TTa^[Jbov gVa, '^aguadyyug wivre ixJ 
TTvKccg T?jg ILikmag ku) r^g ^vgiccg. riaav Sg ruvra 
^vo Tuyji' Koci TO i^h IsoJ^iv^ TO Tgo Tfjg KiXixfag, 
^vivnaig gJ%g «aJ KiXiKOfv (poXaxfj' to II s^of, ro Tgo 
Trig ^vgiocg^ ^affihkoog IXiyeTO (pvkuKri (pvKurrBiv. ha 
fji^ecrov 5g pg? TOVTCtfV 'TroTuybog^ Kdgffog ovofjbu^ Bvgog 'ttKb- 
^gov. aTuv is TO fiJcCov tSv TBiyfiiv Tjauv (TToihot 
TgBig' xou 7rocge}\^eiv ovk tiv ^lar rju yag fi Tugoiog 
ffT&vTj, Ku) rot, retx^ etg r^v ^ccKurroiv xu^kovtu, v^reg- 
^BP i' fjaocp mrgai riXificcTor btt} he roig rBi')(j6(TiP afjir- 

S^origotg i^eiarfiKBaup xyXa/. rocvTfjg bvbkoc r^g "Tree- 
gohov Kvgog rag pocvg i/jBTBrni/j-^ccro^ oirojg OTrXirocg 
U'To^i^daBSBP B*isai Kotl b^cj tup tvXup^ ku) ^Kiad[ijBPOi 
rovg ToXBi/jiovg TocgBX^otBPj bI (pvXdrronp bt) ru7g 2y- 
giaig TvXocigy OTTBg ^bto TrotTjaeip 6 Kvgog top 'AjSfo- 
KOfjijOCP, BXOPTOc 'ffoXv aTgdcTBVfJtju. ^ AJ^goKo^ag ob ov 
rovr BToijjffBPf aXX' btb) TjKovaB Kvgop bv KiXiKtoc, opra, 
apaargB-^o^g bk ^otPtKtjg icagd jSaciXga ocfftfXoi^vPBP^ 

Sbxoop^ ig IXiyBTO, rgtaKOvroc (Jbvgtdiocg (TTgocrtoig. bptbv" 
^BP B^BXocvPBt ha ^vgiocg ffro^^op bpu, wocguadyyocg 

X&fTB Big IS/LvgiUvigOP, mXiP OlKOVfJUBPTJP VTO ^0mK6fP 

\x) T^ ^uXdTTTj' hfJb'jrogiop S' ?v TO X^S'^^ ^^' cigyi^ovp 
loujTo^i oXxdhg toXXccl bptuv^' Bfi^BtPocp ^[ji*Bgug BTrd' 
Koc) 'StBPiag 6 'AgKoig (rrgUTfjy og ku) liuaiap 6 Mgya- 
gBvg BfJij^uPTig iig vXoTov ku) ru TkBitrrov u^$u BP^BfJi^B- 
vol uTB'^r'kBVffUPj cug [ji*bp rolg 'xXBtffTOtg Hokovp (piXoTi^i^ 
W&fTBg^ on rovg arguriiru^ uvtSp, rovg Tugu KXiug- 
Xop uTBX^oPTugy aig uTioprug Big Tfjp 'KXXdlu ^dXiP 
ku) ov Tgog ^uffiXiuj ^u Kvgog top KkBug^op b^bip. 

LIB. I. CAP. IV. 19 

icrg/ y TJffocv apocvBtg, ii^K^e Xoyog on h&fKOi uvrovg 
JLSgog Tgirjgiar kui o! (Jbh zir^ovTO ag ioXiovg ovrag 
ccvTOvg }jj(p^^yoci^ oi S' ojKrii^ov g/ aTjjaoivro. KiJg>o^8 
Jg (TvypcocXiaocg rovg (rrguTrjyovg glTgv, ^ ATToXekoiTuatif 
^[jbZg Ksvtug 9ca) Uocfftajv, aXk' bv ys [JbzvTOi i'TriaroitT- 
%ojaav on ovn ocTohihgocKocGiv olhoc yag ott] oi'^ovrccr 
ovTS aTOTB(f)Bvyuaiv' bx^ yoig rgifigstg oian zkiiv to 
hcetvojv ttKoIov. aXka (Jboi Tovg ^eovg ovk eycoys av- 
Tovg h&i^o), ovh' ggg/ ovhig &)g lycu 'ioog (Jbh au tu^^ ng 
'X^Sf/jUt, BTrBihav Sg awiBvui ^ovkriroti^ avKka^oov xai 
ccvTovg KUKclg "ttoiZ xui ra y^iiiLaru axoav^S). aXka 
lovrm^ eiloTsg on xaxiovg siai Tregt fifhSig ri ^(Jbslg 
srgg*/ BKetvovg' kocitoi 'iyja yi uvtSv xui TBxva Koi yv^ 
vuTxccg iv TgdXksai (f)govgov[JbBva' aXX' ovhl rovrm 
(Trs§?jaoyTUi, aXK' k'xo'kri'^ovrai T^g ^goa^Bv hsKoc Tgf J 
l[^e agsr^g. xcci 6 (ji,h ravra gJ^gv ol 5g "KXhjvsg, ell 9 
T/^ xut a^vfJi^OTegog fju Tgog r^v avu^ourtv^ axovovreg 

TTJlf K.VgOV a^gSTT^V, ^hov KCti 'TgO^VfLOregOV ffUPBTOgBVOVTO. 

Mgra Tuvroc Kvgog l^eXavvsi ara^fiovg rsTTugag, 
Tocgocadyyug iUoaiv It/ rov ILukov Tora/Jijov, ovtcc to 
Bu§og TXs^gov, 'jrTJjgTj V iy^O&tv fjueyuXcuv kou Tgascju, 
oSg oi ^vgot ^eovg iv6[JbtZpv xoci ahfcsiv ovk giW, ovhl 
rag 'regiaregug. a/ hi zSfJbai h ulg iaxTivovv Uagvad- 
nhog fjauv^ ilg ZfivTjv lehofJijivuL ivTev^BV i^Bkocvvst 10 
(TTu^fjbovg mvTB^ icagaadyyou; TgiuzovTO. Its Toig ncrt 
yag rov Adgl^rog ttotoci^ov^ ov to evgog ^Xe^gov. 
h^Tuv^oc riffOLv Ta 'Rekkavog jSatr/Xg/a tov ^vgiag dg^uv^ 
Tog, xui ^ugdisKTog Tdvv (iAyag koi KuXog^ 6')(fiutf 
'X'dvToc Offu aigui (pOovffi' l^vgog 5' avTOv i^ZKO-^s xat 
Ta ^uffiXeioc xocTVcccvcriP. ivrsv^Bv ilikavvBi craS-- 1 1 
|M»6t)^ Tgiig^ 'TTctguadyyag ^svTeKuihKoc I'tt) tov F.v(pgd' 
T7JV *jeoTaii*oVj oWa to tvgog TBTTdgav aTuiicov Koi 
ToXtg avTo^i oi/k{ito ^htydXti fcut evhatf/jofyj &dypuxog 

20 LIB. I. CAP. IV. 

ovofJuuTi, hruv^u 'i(ijZiv(x,v ^[/jigug tbutb' xoci T^vgog 
l/jBTUTSiJbyl/oiiJijevog rovg ar^uTriyovg rm 'YXkrivaJv eXiysv 
art fi Stog saotro ^gog (ia^atXioc (Jbiyuv elg 'Bocfiv'kSva' 
Kcc) Kekivsi avrovg Xeysnf rocvrcc roig (rrgocrtcoTutg 9cou 
ai/ocTBi^ztv iVgc^a/. o! Sg Totrjauvreg iKxhjaiav aTTjy- 

l^y^XXov rtwrcc o! hi aTgocrtcHTui iyjxT^k'Tronvov ro7g arga- 
Tr,yolg^ xoci s^aaocv uvrovg TrdXoct rocvr elhoTug xgvT- 
retv^ kol) ovk epaauv Ikvcci^ iotv firi rig ocvToTg xgrji/jura 
hh^i GjffTSg Tccc) Tolg Tgorigoig fJbsra K.vgov apoc^oia$ 
'xagoi rov Tocriga rod JLvgov^ kcu ravroc ovk It/ iidy/iy 

IsloPTOfVy aXXa xocXovvrog rov TTocTgog ILvgop. rccvroc oi 
argoLTYiyo) ^vgof k%riyyiKkov* o S' V7ck(r)(jL70 avhg) 
ixoi(TTCif haaBiv mvn ocgyvgiov fjbvag^ stuv elg "Bu^vXoivu 
riKaai^ ku) top [JI*i(t^ov evreX^ l^h(£^ ^^ KUTuaT^ffrj rovg 
"EXXr^vug eig '\miuv icoCKiv. to (hh hrj toXv rov *EX- 
Xtjvikov ovrojg BTsia^fj. Mimv II t^/V h^Xoy ehat ri 
'ToiTjffovffiv 01 £XXoi arguriSrai, mrsgoy 'i-^ovrai Ky^o; 
ri otJ, (JvviXs^B ro uvrov argccrevfLoc xagig r£v oKXafV 

14j«a/ gXg|g raSg. "AvhgBg, iuv [juoi Tg/cS^^g, ovre xtv- 
ivvevffocvreg ovrs wovfjaocvrsg rSv aXXojv tXbov TgortfJb^ 
<7g<7&g argocriofrSv vto K.vgov. ri ovv kbXbvu woi^ffoci; 
vvv helroct lSi.vgog gVgj^a; rovg ''KXXTjvug Iti ^aaihkoi; 
iya) ovv (pTjfJbt vjJbSig 'Xjg^yoct hiu^^vui rov Kv^goirfjp to- 
rocfjbov, 'Zgh h^Xop ehoci o^ri ol aXXoi "F.X}\7jPBg a'TCOKgi- 

ISyovPTUi ISJjgoj. ^v ijijIv yoig -^ri^iamru^i gVg<r3-a/, 
v(Jij{ig io^BTi ocirioi' ihui, ag^ocpreg rov hoc^ocmiP^ xai 
cog "^go^vfjijordrotg ovffip v(Jb7p %oigiP Bttxerui K.vpoc kui 
aTTohofaer Wiaro^rui S' gl' rig xai oKXog' tjp o a^o- 
'^7i(pi(ioi)pron ol uXXoi^ axifjbep [juh aTocprsg eig rovyi^xa- 
XiP^ v[Jtj7p he ug [juopotg TBi^ofjijipoig Tiarorurotg %f^<Tg- 
roci Kut Big (pgovgiu kou Big Xo^tiyiag^ kcu AXXov ovrh 

\6Pog UP Ufj(T^B olhoc on ug (ptXot rgy^gff^g Kvgov. ukov- 
aaprBg ravra BTBi^opro kou hB^rjffccp Tgiv rovg £Kkovg 

LIB. I. CAP. V. 21 

Tiff^TI rs za) rS (rTgaTBV[Jijocri TBi/j^pocg TKovv CitsVj 
'Eya) jM/gy, Sf avh^zg^ n^ri v^oig I'jraivoj' wcag Sg ku) 
v[/jB7g 1(1*1 eTTaipiffSTS i(hol [Lek^aet^ jj [/j7j;ceri [JjS 1K.v§op 
vo(jijiZ^BTS. ol [Jbh l^ arguTiSrui h IXt/c/ [LBydKutg 
ovrzg BU)(fivro ccvrov evrv^^ffocr M.Bvmi Sg zui Sa/fal? 
I^ygro m(/*'4^ui (Jbeyako'^rgiTSg. rocvroc Sg TroiTjffocg 
he^ocivs' ffvvumro il xoci ro aKko (Trgccrsv[/joc avrZ 
&*ray' xa) rSv hd^onvovrm rov Toroc[/jov ovhtg g(3f g%- 
^ avofrigcj rSv [LacrSv vm rov '7rora(LOv. ol 5gl8 
Qu'^OLKYivo) ekeyop on ov^Tr&fTo'^' oSrog o TOToc(Jijog 
ha^urog yivotro ^g^?, si ybn rorsj aXkoi 'prKomg* & 
Ton 'A|3fo«0|xa^ 7r§oia)p xareKocvffev^ hot, (Jb^ Kvgog 
hoc^^. hhozii M ^g/by elvoct kcc) ffoc^Sg V'TO')(jstfg^(rat 
TOP "TToraybOP Kvgc^ cog ^ucnXsvcoPTS. gyrgS^gv i^skocv- 19 
pes S/a T^g Svf/a? crru^^/jovg msocy Tocgaffdyyag tsp- 
TTjxoPToc^ Ku) apxpovPTcci T§og TOP 'Agd^T^p 7rora[J(j6p. 
Iptocv^oc Jjffocp xSf/jUi ToXKoct (JbBffToci ffirov xui oi'pov. 
kprav^u B[jijSiPocp ^(/*igex,g rgsTg xoct eTBtrtrtaapro. 


'FsPTSv^SP l^ekavpet hoi rijg 'Aga^tag^ top 'EvpguTT^p I 
totoc[/jOP Ip 5g|/a g^ft/i', aroc^fjtjovg Igri^Lovg mpre^ Trocga- 
ffdyyag rgtdixopra ku) tsvtb. h rovrof Sg rZ 70*7:00 
\p (Jbh 71 yri Tsh'op Sltcccp ojjjokdp^ oicrTreg ^aXarra, 
a^lfip^iov Sg xX^gsg' si is ti kui ctKko hfjp vXrjg ^ 
xukdcMv^ aVavra TJffocp bvcoIt}^ oiaxeg a,§Af[JijOCToc' Up- 
igop ovih hijp. ^J^gioc Sg '^ocvToToc^ TKBicrros iJbh2 
opoi oiygtos, To7J\.os Sg argov^ot ol [JbeydcKor hvfjffocp Sg 
xas dfriiig tcou 5o^«a5g^. tocvtoc il roL ^rjgioi ol 

22 LIB. I. CAP. V. 

sTTsTg more iitof^cov. xui ol (juh ovot^ Wei rig hojpcoi, 
'X'gdh§oc[/j6vrBg effrocffav* ^ttoXv yag rZv tTTTav sr^eyfiv 
^arrov* Koi sraX/y Its/ "TcT^aidZpnv ol I'TTrot ravrov 
BTrotovVy xoc) ovK Tiv Ka(ietVy si [ifj hourrdivrBg 0/ /Vsrg/'j 
^ffi/gc hccie'XftiJijSvos ro7g JVto/^. ra il fc^cc rav 
&>jffxo[/jivm fjv Ta§uT}J]ffia rolg gXa<pg/o/^, uTrcckAtrega 

sih (Trgov^ov 5g ovheig gXajSgy 0/ he hta^uvrsg rav 
i'TTriofP rcc/jj k'^ccvovro* ttoXv yag ocTso'Toiro (pevyovffUj 
roTg fijh Troffi ^of/^cuy rccTg hi Trrigv^tp^ a/f oyca, oiffTSg 
iffrictf -xgoj^hri. rag he ofrihocg av ng rctyp ocpsffr^, 
Bffn Kafi^oivetv' mrovrui ya§ |8f a^y, £ff7reg srgf 5/«g^, 

4}pcoct roir/p k^JCOLyogebovcu. ra Jg «^ga avrZv jihffroc 
riv. '7rogev6[/jevoi he hoi ravrrig rijg xc!fgocg ci(piKvovvrai 
It/ rov Moiffzocv 'jcora^ovj ro evgog TrXe^gicciop. h- 
rav^a tip mXtg egfj[Jijf}^ ^eyahi^ opoy^a, h' avrfj Kof- 
ffcttrfj' TregieppeJro h' ocvrfj vtto rov M^oiffxa xOxXu. 

5eprocv^' ef/jstpup ^[legag r§eTg koI eTefftriffocpro. eprev- 
^ep e^ekavpet (Tra^fjbovg egfjfjbovg rgeXg ku) heKoc, Tuga- 
a&yyccg epepfjxopruy rop Kv(pgccrf}P "jroraf/jop ep 5g§/a 
e%a}p^ Koci apxpeTrat It/ ITyXa^. ep rovroig ro7g 
ffrcc^[/jo7g xoKkd rSp v'XoX^yim hxoSkero v'tto X/poS* 
ov yao TIP %o^og ovhe oiKKo ovhep hephgop^ os,Kka ypiTjj 

6^p aVaca ^ %^f a* 0/ he hoiKOVpreg opovg akerag Tragoi 
rop 7rora[Jbop ogvrropreg zoci Toiovpreg elg IRccjivTJtfPu 
Tiyop xoci ItcoXovp xal ccpruyogdtppreg airop eZfop. ro 
he (rrgdirev[Jba 6 aTrog gTgX/Tg, xcct Trgtcca^oci ovk tip el 
[jbTj ep rTi Avhtoc ccyogi ep ru Kvgov ^ccg^ocgixS^ r^p 
pcccTt^Tjp akevgup tj kX^iruv rerrdgcjp cfiyhup. 6 he 
ffiyXog hvparai gVra o^oXovg Koi ^[Jbiof^oXtov 'Am- 
fcovg' fj he xuTi^ hvo ')(^oiPixocg 'ArriKoig er/fiigei. Kgea 

7 ovp ea^iopreg ol ffrgccriaSroct hieytypopro. fjp he rovrap 
r£p ffroc^fjbSp ovg tocpv (/^ccKgovg TjXccvpePf oTore fj Tf 0? 
vhcifg (iovXoiro hiocreXiffus fj t^oV x^Xop. za) hij Tore 

LIB. I. CAP. V. 23 

ariv(ir)(fl>§(ag xoci 'pctjXov (pocvevrog rocTg afjjd^ocig IvffTo- 
gsvrov, hmffTT} 6 Kvgog trvv roig Tegt ocvrov ugiarotg kou 
svioctfJifOveffrdTOigj koci stocks TKovv xui Iliy^ra^ Koc- 
^ovrug rov ^ocgSagizov argocrov^ (rvHK^i^dZ^iiv rag 
ifjboi^ccg. Itu o ihoxovv olvtZ tr/jiKaioog TOiuv ciaTegS 
ogyri^ eKB'ksvffB rovg TBgt avrov Usgcrccg rovg fcgartcrovg 
ffvveTsffTevffoci rag aybdijag. hha S^ ^igog n T?jg 
svra^iag fjv ^edffaa^at. pi^pavreg ydg rovg '7rog<pV' 
govg xdvhvg wov 'iruyjy Bxcccrog iarriTcojg^ hvro oia'preg 
au igdf/jot rtg TBgt vUrig^ xat [Jbaka xard Tgavovg 
yfjk6<poVy exovreg rovrovg rz rovg *7Co\vr{kug yjruvag 
xai rag TotxiXag ava'^vgihag^ hioi he xat argsTrovg 
TBgi ro7g rgay/i^oig xai yi/ikia xsgi ra7g %gf <tA* ev^vg 
il ffvv rovroig elffTTjl^ffapng slg rov TrrjKoVi ^arrop ^ 
aig rig av Sero [JUBreagovg i^BTco^iaav rag d^d^ag. ro9 
8g ffv(JtjTav h^og fjv Kvgog cog ff7revha/v Taaav rtjy ohop^ 
xui ov hargt^a/p ottov (Jb^ i'Triairic^ov mxa tj rtpog 
dKkov dpayxawv Ua&g^ero, pofjjiZcop^ ocrof [Jblp [a*'] 
Carrol' g^o/, rocovrat aTagacrpcevaffrorigof ^affiXeT 
fjbwxfiTff^as^ off&f Sg ffxoKawrsgop^ rocrovroj vTskop avpa- 
yg/g>g<r^a/ ^aatXst argdrevf/ja. 7ca) avpthetp i' rjp rS 
xgoffBXOPri rop povp fi ^aaiXscog dgxfj ^X^^g/ [JIjIp yjjgag 
Koi ap^gdfTcop Iffypgd ovaa, ro7g Sg (JbTjKSffi rZp ohm 
xas rZ hea'X'da^as rag hvpdf/^Big aa^BPfjg^ si rig hid 
rwxfCtfP rop mXe[/jOP i^jcoiiiro, Trioap h\ rov Y^v^gdrov 1 
Torapoy zard rovg i^yijovg ara^^ovg Jjp mXig ivhai- 
(/tOfP Kui fJbeydTj}^ opofjba hi XagiJbdphrj. ix ravrrig oi 
ffrgariSrai iiyogaZpv rd I'pnrfjheia^ (ryjahiaig htafiai- 
poprsg ahsy hi(p^igag aV ^^XOP axsTdffiJbara Wi^'irXaaap 
yfigrov KOv(pov^ elra avPTJyop xai ffvpeffTcop^ ig [l^ aV- 
rsff^ai rrjg xdgcprjg ro vhejg' Itti rovrcop his^aiPOP Tcai 
ikd(/j^aPOP rd Wirfjheia^ ohop rs Iz rfjg ^aXdpov 
T6T0ifJiJi*mp r^g octto rov poiviKog xai ffirop /xeX/y^r 

24 LIB. I. CAP. V. 

1 1 rovro yoig fjv h rri %^f a *7rK{iff70v. ccfLpXi^avrm Jg 
r/ ivrav^a rZv ri rod M.evoi)vog argaTia/rSif xai rm 
Tov KXeaf^oy, o Kxiug^og K^ivug it^uciiv tov rov Mg- 
vojvog "TCkriyag m(iuXBV. 6 hi l}\^d)p T§og ro iuvrov 
ffTgdrevf/jOc eKsyev' apcovcravTeg ^ o/ argocrtSiroci \yji- 

l2XeTUiP0v Ka) oj^yiZpvro layjj^Sg toj EXsafp^A;. r? Sg 
avrri ^[J(^B§(f KXeocgX'^g i}^m gT/ r^v hoi(ioc(nv rov 
'jroroc[Jbov9 pcoct BKel xocrocaxe'4^di[Jbiuog r^v ayo^av, a<p/T- 
Tgyg/ It/ t;)i' murov crxTjv^v hoi rov Mivmog argarev- 
[Jbocrog (Tvv oXtyotg roTg TSgi ccvrov K.vgog he ovtoj 
flKZv^ akX en TgocrfiXocvvB' rSv he "NLevcovog ar^ariu- 
rSv ^vkd (syjX^v r/j, ig glSg rov KXgag^oi' heXocvpovra, 
5V/ r55 a^ivrj' pccct ovrog [Jbh ccvrov ii[/jagrBV' oKKog Sg 

\S\l^of Kot aXKog^ elrcc *7eoKKoi^ xgocvy^g yevoyiAvrig. 6 5g 
Kura(pivyei ilg ro Iuvrov argdrBV[jjccy kol) eU^vg tu- 
guyyiKKsi iig ra oVXa* Koi rovg (Jbh OTXtrccg ccvrov 
ixeKevffs [/jBivoct rag aaTilocg Tgog roL yovura ^ivratq^ 
(xhrog 5g Koc^av rovg Qgaxocg Koct rovg /V^gr^, oH fjcrav 
avrZ h rS argurevfiocn TrXetovg }j rerrocgocKovroc^ rov- 
rm 5^ ol TKeiarot SgapcBg, Tjkavvev Wt revg M-iveovog^ 
cjffr Ixuifovg epcTBTrXTrx^ui pccct ccvrov ^epofva^ Kut 
rgsx^tv Iti roc orXoc' ol Sg Koci hrccffocv uTogovvreg 

l4trS T§ocy[jbccrL 6 il Ugo^ej/ogy erv%s yag varegog t^o- 
ffsdfv Koc) ra^tg ccvrZ iT0[jijBv7} rZv O'^Kir^v^ ev^vg ovv 
ug ro [Jbiaov a^(porigm clyav 'i^tro roc otXoc Pcai hiBtro 
rov KXsaf^of (Jbij tosbTv rocvru. 6 ^ BxocXBTcctvBv ori^ 
avrov okiyov hB^crccvrog KccrocXBVff^fjvcct^ vgdag Xiyoi 
ro ccvrov 'Toc^og, bzbKbvb rB ccvrov bk rov yJ&(TOv g|/(r- 

ISrocff^oci. Bv rovrof Sg g5rj7g/ kcc) Kvgog kcc) i'jrv^iro 
ro Tfayft/a* Bv^vg S' bKcc^b roc 'TCocXroc Big racg yjugocg 
zcci ffvv roTg Trugovffs rSv 'TCiarSjv tjpcbv bXgcvvuv Big ro 

ISiJi^BaoVj kcc) XByBS rcch. KXgag^g zcci Ugo^BVB kcc) o! 
aKKos ol TugovrBg "EKhjvBg^ ovx hre o^ri 'JtotBire. ei 

LIB. I. CAP. VI. 25 

rri ^pgg'a ifijk re pcocruxe^coyl/Ba^octy xoct vfjuag ov toXu 
ifLov vffTegov KocKcSg yoi§ rZv ^[jberigcju lypyrm^ tocp- 
ng ovTOs ovg ogZre ^dg^ocgoi ToKzfJtft&^egos ^(uv hou- 
TUi rSiy sra^a (iaffiXsT ovrofv. axovcrag tocvtoc 6 KXg-i7 
oigXfig Bv iuvrcS iymro* kcc) wavffcc[/jSvos a^cpori^oi 
Kccrd %i§(x,v g^gvro ra oVXa. * 


'Ewgy^gv "jrgo'iovrcjp \(pa'mro i%wa /Vto;!' Ka) zoTgog* l 
UKuZ^zro y Civai 6 artfiog dg h(r)(fiJm h^jcav. ovroi 
Tgoioureg 'ixawv ku) xikov ku) li r/ &Kko y^(5i\hov h. 
'Ogovrrjg Sg IIig(T7}g ccv^g^ ymi re TTgotrrjKcov jSoc^/Xgr, 
xcci ra ToXifjiitu Xiy6[jbBvog h rolg agtcrotg UegtrSu, 
iTs^ovk&ves KvgAf^ ku) Tgoff^sv '^roKefJbfjffug^ «aTaXXa-2 
yg/f ie. ovTog Kvgcf sl'^ep^ it avrci ^oitj /Wga^ %'^'" 
ovg^ on rovg '^rgoxuTaKutoprag iTcmag ^ KurKTcdpoi up 
kviigevffag, ? ZcSprag "jroXkovg avrSp eXoi kol) KoAvtrui 
row Kuhtv Wtoprag^ xai Troifjffeiep oicfTS [ju^Tore ivpuff- 
&a/ uvrovg thoprocg ro Kvgov Grgdrev^a jSac/Xg? S/ay- 
yiCKut. ra Sg K^^o; uxovaavri rocvru iioxst i(pBXt[jboc 
iipoct^ Ku] IxekevffBP avrop XafAjSavg/y fiAgog nca^ vcaa^ 
rov tSp ^yefjjopojp. 6 h* 'OgoPTTjg, po^laug iToi^ovgS 
siifut uvrS rovg /V^ga^, ygoi(pei iTtcroTjjp 'irugoi ^ocat- 
Xia on ri^oi e^^v iT^&tg cjg up ivPTjrui 'prKeiCrovg' 
aXAa (pgdffas rolg iavrov i'^rxevatp ixiXivsp cog (piKop 
uvrop vTohixBff^ui. hnp il Ip rrj iTCKTroX^ 7ca) r^g 
TooiT^BP pXiag vTO(jijP^[Jbocroc kol) ^Tcianag, ravrfjp r^p 
iviffroTjjp hihofffi Tiffroi ai'Sf/, atg oiiro' 6 Sg Ka^aip 
Kvg&f iiioHrtp. apccypovg il avrfiv 6 Kvgog ffvXkocur'4} 


26 UB. I. CAP. VI. 

Bum 'OgovTTjv^ pcoci avyKcCku Big t^v iocvrov ffpcfjp^v 
UePtrSv rovg agtarovg rZv Tsgt otvrov I'tttu^ xai rods 
tSv 'EyjJjvcov (TTgocTTjyovg IxiXevBv OTKtrag ayayw^ 
TOVTOvg 5g ^ia^at ra oVXa '^Bgt r^v uvrov tr^cTivfjv, ol 
i\ raSra BTotTjcruVj uyocyovTeg dg r^Kj^ikiovg ovTJrug. 

5KXgafi>%oi' 5g 7C0U ehcif 'ragepcakeffe trvyi^ovXov^ og ye 
Kcci ccvrS Kou roig aWoig kiopcei TgoniJbfj^TJycct f/jccKiffra 
rZv *Y}jJ]vm. Its/ ^ i^^h^iv^ l^yyeiXe roig (piXoig 
r?jv pcgifftif Tov 'Ogovrov dg iymro' ov yag a^opp^oi^ 

Sjjv. i<f)7i Sg ILvgov &^iv TOV Koyov ahe. IlugexoiXeffa 
vfJbZg^ oivhgBg ^tXoij OTojg avv v^lv ^ovKzv6(^ivog o^rt 
iUociOv IfTTt zu) "Tcgog &g£v kou Tgog up^gof^m^ rovro 
Tgd^Af TTSgt *'0§6vrov TovTOvL rovTOP yag Tgcirov 
(jbh Ifiog TTCATfjg B^axev VTTTjxoov slpai hfjjor gsrg/ II 
ra%3-g/V, dg Ipri avrog^ wo tov ifJtiOv aSgX<poD, ovrog 
iToKB(/i9j(TBV ifijol g%ft«/ rriv h ^dgheatv a«f woX/y, xoci 
iy&t uvrov TgOffXoljsiJt^Sv g^o/Va oiare io^ut rovref tov 
TTgog ifie ToKifiov 'Truvauio^ui, xut h^tav BXocfiov xou 

766afxocy (JbSToi raSra, g^;?, ^ 'OgovToc^ eaTiv o,Ti <rg fjhi' 
Kfjffoc ; ocTBPCgtvaTO OTi ov. "Tcakiv ^\ 6 KSgog rjgatTa^ 
OvTcovv vffTSgoPy ug avTog crv ofjuoKoyug^ ovlh vie 
\^ov uhxovfJbivog, uTOffToig g/V Mvffovg pcaxSg Wokig 
Tfjy l[Jbfjv %iigOLV o^Ti sivvco ; e(pr} 6 'OgoPTrjg. Ovpcovv^ 
€^fj 6 Kvgog^ ofTOT dv eyvofg t^v azavTOv hvvafjbiv, gX- 
^dfu It) tov T^g 'A^i^ihog ^oj^ov^ ^sTa^tk^iv rg GOi 
'i^ria^u^ Kou 'jretaocg ifjbl TsffToi 'tcAKiv eiofxdg [loi Koci 
eku^eg 'X'ccg ifjuov; xai tocv^' ^[/joXoyBt o 'OgovTfjg. 

8T/ ovv^ 'i(p7i 6 Kvgog^ a^ixfj^eig vx i[/jOv vvv to TgtTov 
iTi^ovXevm [Jboi (puvBgog yiyovag ; elmvTog Sg tov 
'OgovTOv OTi ovih ulipcfj^eig, f}gafTT}aBP 6 Kvgog avTOv^ 
^OfioXoystg ovv ^gf/ iyb\ a6iKog ygygv^j^a/ ; '^H yog 
kvdyKTi^ 'i(pn 6 'OgovTTjg. ix tovtov vahv TjgofTfjffev 
6 Kvgog^ "Er/ ovp &v yivoio tS If/jZ o^ypZ ToXgp/o^, 

LIB. I. CAP. vn. 27 

ilLOi ie ^tkog kou TTKrrog ; 6 hi a%ix,§iv(x,ro on ovS si 
yBvoifJtffjif, Z KSfg, (joi y oiv Tore 'in So^a/p/. 'prgogd 
TuDroc Kvgog gm roTg Tocgovfftif, 'O [/jIv avfjg roiocvru 
[ih TeTotfjKSj 'fOiuvroc il TJ^ya* v[JjSv hi av *Jc^urog^ S> 
K}Jeocgxfi9 aToffjvm yvcoiJbTjif o^n aoi ioxeT. K'kiocg)(fig 
hi eJxe rdhu 'Xvfi^ovKsvcif eyd) rov &vhgoc tovtov ix^ 
Toieip 'TOiua^oci ug T(ir/(/(rro[^ ug ^riKin hiri tovtov (pv- 
Xarrg^rS-a/, aXKa axoTji Jj ^[JbiPj to xocto, tovtov gli/ai, 
Tovg e^XovTog (ptkovg TOVTOvg gS 'ffonlv. TuvTfj hi t^io 
yvifhri 'i(pri KUi TOvg £KKovg Tgoff^iff^cci. fjgra ratJra, 
KskevovTog Kvgov, iXd^ovTO Trig Zjuvrig tov OgovTTjv iv) 
^avuTef a'X'avTeg avccffTavTsg, xut ol ffvyyevelg' utoc hi 
i&jyov avTOv oTg TgO(T&Toi')(^^. Imi hi eihov avTOv oixsg 


eiooTsg on It/ ^uvaTcf &yoiTO. wii ^ ug t^v 'Afro- n 

TUTOV ffKflV^V U(rrr)(^n '^OV '^IffTOTOCTOV TUV KvgOV (TKfJT" 
rOtrjf/BifVf tJbSTot TUVTU OVTe ZfiVTO^ *Og6vT9jV OVTe TB^Vri' 

xoToc ovoeig elhe T^Torg, ovhl oTcjg are^ocvev ovhetg 
eiheig 'iKiyev ehcc^ov hi aKKot aWuyr Tcifog hi ovhetg 
TorjroTS avTOv i(pdvYi. 


*EvrgD^gv g^gXayyg/ hioL T^g Hu^v'kctfvtug aTa!^[iovgl 
rgug\ Tragoujdyyag hofhs^ou h hi Toi Tgkcu ffToc^fJbZ 
Kvgog e^erocffiv "TCoieiTai tcSv *EK/jjvcov tcoi tSv jSaf j3a- 
gcjv h T6J vshiGf 'Tcegi [Jbiffag vvzTag' ihoKH yoig elg tyiv 
Wkovaav SO) r,^eiv ^ocfftXeoc avv tZ (TTgoiTev[/jocn [locxov- 
(jitsvov Koci IxeKeve KXiag^ov [julv tov he^tov xegejg 
jjygilr^a/, Mgyo/va hi tov QeTToKov tov evafvv[/jOVi uv- 
rog hi TOvg eocvTOv huToc^e. i^sToi hi t^v i^STacrtv, ajU*a2 

28 LIB. I. CAP. VII. 

7^ i'ffiovari ^j^sfa, riKOvng ccvrof/joXot 'X'ugoi (JueydiXov 
SuaiXecjg kictiyyiKkov Kvga Tsgt rrjg (iccffiXiafg ar^a- 
Tioig. Kvgog il (TvypcaKiffocg rovg (rrgarfjyovg Kot Xo- 
Xf^yovg rSv 'Yi}Jj}Pm (rvve^ovXeuBTo re 'TrSg ac r^v 

3 ih&yjiv 'jcotoiro^ kou avrog Tagfivss ^ccppvvcifv roiuie. 'ft 
Avhgeg 'EXX^yyg^, ovx av^gaTav UTrogSv ^ug^oigcjv (rvfJij- 
u^tiXfivg v[/jag ayo), uKka yofjuiZftfP aydiivovo^ koi KgBiT- 
rovg ToXkSv ^ug^dgejv v^Sig slva/, 5/a rouro Tgoffi- 
Xoc^ov. OTOfg ovu gVeerS-g dvhgsg oi^tos rtig eksv^egiag 
rig xhc77j(T^ xut vxlg fjg vfjuag lyai evhocii/^oviZcif. sv 
yoi§ hrs ort rijp iksv^egtocv iXoifJbfjy av ocvrt atv g;^ 

AiTdvra>v xa) &7J\jsjv ncoy^axkaaioiii. OTcjg 5g xat si- 
ijjrs Big olov gfj^gcS^ ayZvo^ lya vf^Sig zihojg S/Sa^o;. to 
fji*h yoig TTJi^og toKv^ xut x§ocvy!i ToKKri i'jrlourir av il 

oiovg fiuiv yyaJffgj^ Tovg iv ttj %^f a ovrag ap^g&fTovg. 
vyiMV o\ avbgSv optoiv kou tvroK^av yevofjuevavj^iyd 
vfJtfSv rov fjbh otKociB ^ovXoi/^evoy aTthoci roTg otxoi 

Z^iXafTOV TOS^ffO) UTsT^BtVy TToXXovg il olfJjUS TOlfJffStIf 

5 TO, TTo^' ifhoi iXiff^ui uvrt rSv oIkol hruv^ot. Tav- 
KtTTjg vagatv^ (pvyag ^ufjutog^ TSffrog he K^^a;, glcrg, 
Ka/ (JbfjVy & Kvgij Xiyovai rtveg on "tcoKKoL vTicrxf^ 
vvv ha TO h roiovr&f shut rov Kivhvvov Tgoffsovrog' 
av 5g Bv yevTjrai r/, ov fjjB^vrjtTdui (tb (pourtr moi Xg, 
oifh* bI (jbB^vm tb Tcat ^ovXoio^ "hvyaa^oLi av ocToiovuoct 

Gocru vTiffxvfi. ccpcovaccg ruvru bXb^bv 6 Kvgog^ 'AXX' 
gVr/ fjbh fi^Hv^ St avh^Bg^ fi k^/ji fi Tocrgcia sr^oV [Ji*h 
fji^BaJ^fjbfigiocv l^B')(gi ov ha xocvfjua ov ivvocvrccs oIkbIv 
av^gancot^ Tgog il agKTOv (Jt^B^^i ov ha ')(jBS[LSva' ra 
i* BV [iBCCf rovrm Tcdvra ffargaTBOovav oi rov lybov 

7ahX(pov (piXoL tiv 5' fi^Big viKfitj^ybBv^ fl^ag Sg? rovg 
fjUjBrBgovg (piXovg rovreov lyKgarBlg Tos^aai. oiffrs ov 
rovro iiiotxa [jutj ovk b'y^oj o^n '6S izdffr&f rSv (piXjuv^ 

UB. I. CAP. vn. 29 

UP Bv yivnrut^ aXXcc fijfi ovk g%a; izuvovg o7g iai. v[/jSv 
il rcSv 'EkTjjpm xoci ffri(pocvop ixdffr&f y^tsoxjp tojtsu. 
oi is roLVTOL axoOffavTsg avroi n Jjffup toKv Tgo^vfjbo-S 
Tigoi, Kou To7g otkKotg i^TjyyBXkov. eiarjBffuv il Tag 
avrov oi tb argarfiyoi ku) rm cbj\juv ^lEXKrivoov nvlg 
a^tovvTBg Blhivoci ri ffpatv Bffroci^ ioLv Kgurfjffajfftp. 6 il 
i(jiiTt7rXag aTocvrcup ttjp ypoj^rip aTBTBi/^TB. TugBXBXBv- 9 

OPTO 5g UVrU XOCPTBg OffOSTBg hBXiyOPTO [Jbfj ybux^f^^OLi^ 

aXX' oTtff^BP buvtSp rarrgc^a/. bp il rci KUtgi rov- 
rcf KXiocgxfi^ ^2 Tag ti^BTo top Kvgop* OlW yag ffos 
fit06')(jitff^oct9 Z KvgBy TOP ochK(p6p ; N;) A/*, B<p9j 6 KtJ-. 
gag, gi'Tgf y§ AagBiov xai UccgvffoiTthog iaTs Tutg^ 
iybog 5g (x^B\^og^ ovk a|xa%g/ tuvt iycj TJi-^o^ai. Iv-lO 
ra03-a 5;) h t^ i^oTXtffic^ agt^iLog lymTO tZp [ih 
'EX}JjPejp a(TTig f/^vgioc xoci TBTgccPcoffiu, TBXTcc(TTai hi 
hff^sKm xui TBPTaxofftoiy tSjp 5g jw^era Kvgov pocgPoi' 
gm Uku fJbvgtdihg xui ugybOLTo, igBT0CP7}(p6ga k(/j(pi ra 
^xocrt. Tap il ToXB^i^im iKiyoPTO bIpoci bkutop Kotll 
tixotrt UfVgtoiiBg ku) agyt^aTO, hgBTUPfjpoga hotxoffta. 
oKKos OB map B^oKsaxiKios iTTBig, Sp 'AgTayigfffjg 
^g%BP' ovTos y av Tgo avTOv ^afftXwg TBTayyijBPOi 
ijffap. Tov 5g ^ouriT^iug (TTgaTBv^aTog tioap ag^0PTBgl2 
xai CTgaTTiyot xai ^yBfJbopBg TBTTagBg^ TgidzoPTa fiju- 
gsdiofp BxacTTog, ' A^goKo^hag^ Tia(ra(pBgprig^ Taffigvag, 
*Ag^dxfjg. TOVTm Sg vagByBPOPTo h ttj (Ji^dxri bpbp^ 
KOPTa fJbvgidiBg Koi agf^aTa igBTUPripoga UaTOP xas 
TBPTfjKOPTW *A^gox6[Jbag il vcTBgricrB Trjg ^dxrig ^(jub- 
go^ TBPTB^ BK ^otPixrjg iXavpcjp. TUVTa ol ijyyBKkopiS 
TTgog Kvgop ol avTo^oTJiffaPTBg bk tSp toKb^icup Taga 
(hBydKov ^aaihkojg Tgo Trig pa%?7;, Ka) ybBTa t^p fjud* 
•jfflP oi' vffTBgop B}Jj(p^r,(Tap tSp TroXjBfJbiafP TavTa riyyBX- 
Kop. BPTBv^BP il Kvgog i^BkavPBi (rTa^(Jij0P gVa, Ta^a-14? 


80 LIB. I. CAP. vn. 

auyyug rgeig^ avvriray^ivoj rZ (rTguTev[/jccri Tavri 
Koi rcS 'YiXhjviPcS zui rZ j3afj8af/«£* airo ydg tccvtti 
TT} ?5i^gfa fijaxiia^ai (iocatXia' Kara, ya§ (Jbiaov rov 
<rra^fe*oV rovrov rdp^og fjv ogvxr^ j3a^g7a, ro [juh 

ISivgog ogyvtai Tg^rg, ro ie ^d^og ogyvtai rgsTg. rage- 
riraro is fi rd^gog avcj ha rov Teh'ov It/ i&ihspca 
Tagatrdyyag [Ji^ixgt rov TS/lTjilag rei')(,ovg. h^a ifj uciv 
a! hugv/^sg^ ojto rov Tiygfjrog 7rora[/jOv pBovcar eh} 
il rirrageg, ro ^l\v evgog crXg^g>/a?a/, ^a^eiat is i(r)Qj- 
pSg^ Tca) '^XoTa TXg? h avraTg (rtraycoyd* siff^dXkovfft 
OS slg rov YJxppdrriy^ iiaXetTovffi 5' izdcrrrj Tagatrdy- 
yrjv^ ys(pvgai o sTSiffiv. h is Ta^a rov Y,v(pgdrfjv 
"Tcdgoiog ffrsvfj (Jdsra^v rov Torafiov Ka) rijg rd(pgov^ 

l6ojg si'KOffi ToiSv ro svgog' ravrrjv is rfjv rd(pgov (iaffh 
Xgt)^ (Jbsyag voisl avrt sgvfjbarog^ Wsii^ ^^vv^dvsrat 
Kvgov TgoffsXavvovra. ravrriv iri rfjv Tcdgoiov ILvgog 
rs Ka) fj ffrgarsa Tagfjk^s Ka) sysvovro shoj rfjg rd- 

17 (pgov. ravrri [Jbh ovv r^ ^(Ji^^sgcc ovk s^a%s(7aro |8a<r/- 
>vgvf, a}X vTox/^govvrofv ^avsga ^crav Ka) /tto/v ko) 

ISav^gafTeov tx^fj 'ToKkd. svrav^a Kvgog %Xavop Ka- 
Kstrag rov * AfJU^gaKic^rj^v iJbdvnv siuKSv avrZ iagssKOvg 
rgiff'x/kiovg^ on r^ svisKarri ar SKs/vfjg r^g nijAga^ 
'^gorsgop ^vofisvog strsv avrS ort ^aciXsvg ov /M^a^g?- 
rai isKa fi^ijSgZv^ Kvgog i' sl'^sPy Ovk a^ a gV/ |M/a- 
p^g/ra/, si sv ravraig ov yija%s7rai ra7g fj^sgaig' sap V 
ahj^svffrig^ v'Xicryjfov^ai coi isKa rdXapra. rovro ro 
XgV(Tt0P rors arsicjKSP^ g^g/ TagfjX^op at isKa fiyijsgau 

19gTg/ y It) rtj rd(pgof ovk sKoikvs ^afftXsvg ro Kvgov 
ffrgdrsvfia ita^atpstp^ sio^s Ka) Kvga Ka) rolg oKKoig 
aTsypcjKSPai rov jM*a%g(7^ar oiffrs r^ vffrsgata K^vgog 

20sTogsvsro fi[/js}ji[JbSP6jg ybSiXXop. r? 5g rgirri STi rs rov 
agi^arog Ka^^[ispog rjjp vogsiap S'^romro Ka) iiklyovg 

LIB. I. CAP. vin. 31 

y rd^Bt r)(fi)v Tfo ocvrov^ to il ttoKv avrZ a^arsra- 
gayfjuevop iTogivBrOy xai rSv oTKofv roTg ar^ariuraig 
ToXku i'jr) a(jba^£v rjyopro xocl v'Trol^vyim. 


KaJ ri^Ti re riv ccyij(p) kyo^av 'rTJi^ovGccv^ koI 'prXyjctov i 
Ijv ffToc^(iog 'iv^oc 'ifJueXke xaraXvetv, fiviTca Uurrjyvag 
uPfjg Hegffrjg rSv a[Jb(pi K.v§ov 'TCiaruv 'Tgo^ocmrocs 
iKuvvm itvoL zgdrog Hgovvrt rZ /Wto;, kou ev^vg Tactv 
cJg mrvYXJX'Vev Ifiou^ pcui (ia§(iccgt9c£g xott iXh^vizSg, 
ors ^uGikivg (tvv ffTgocrevfjjaTi ttoKKS Tgoae^x^roct ig 
elg {iAy/iv TugeffKevotfffJt^ivog. ev^a hrj ^okvg rd§Bt')(fig2 
iymro' ocvrixu yug ehopcovv ol "KXhjveg xat Tuvrsg 
is a^rdpcrotg <T(piffiv kTiTiam^ar Kvgog ts zocrocTrrjifi'S 
attg km rov agfMocrog rov ^cigccpccc luiiv^ koI ava^dg 
i*jn rov I'jc^icov ra TaXra ilg rag %fi/f aj gXajSe, ro7g 
re oKkoig Toiat nccc^yyiKKiv \\o%kiX^(j%(ii xat pcoc^tff- 
roff^oci eig rriv iavrov rd^iv sxucrrop. ev^a Itj avv toX-4? 
Xjif a'jrovSri za^hravro^ KAsaf^o? fiXv rd 5g|/a rov 
xegarog lyjav *jcgog rS 'E,v(p§drri 'Tcora^Z^ Ilgo^ivog Sg 
i%6ybS¥og^ ol i' dXKoi (Jberd rovrovy Mkvm 5g kol] ro 
ffr^rsvfjijoc ro evavvfjuop zigug e(r)(B rov 'YXhpfizov. 
rov ie pocg^agixov /TTg?^ (Jbh TIa(pKuy6pBg tig y/kiovgS 
^agd KXgafj^ov scrrjauv h rZ h^tS Koi ro 'Y^XXfjutKou 
TsKrocffriKoVy h 5g rZ evuvvi/^ctf *Agta76g re 6 Kvpov 
vTocgXfig Kou ro dKKo ^ug^agixov. Kvgog il xoci ol6 
sTxeTg rovrov oaov e^axoatoi cuTXiafjuepoi ^ofga^i (ilp 
avroi Kou 7rugcc[Jijr}§thwtg za) zgdpeai Trdvreg tX^p Ki- 
gov* Kvgog ie -^tTjjp 'v/jap r^p ze(pu'k7]P elg r^p fijd-x/iv 
Ko^itrrccro' [Xeyeras ie kou rovg dKKovg Ueg^ug ypt- 

32 LIB. I. CAP. vni. 

V iTTot ToivTsg ol [jjsroi Kvpov uypv Kcci TrgofJbSTCifrh 
hoc Kou '?rgo(jregvi%oc' six^v ol kou {hOLyjx^i^OLq ol Ittu; 

S'KKhjnKoig. xoci iji?} re fjv (Jdiffov j^f/jBgocg xai ovtcu 
xuru(pocve7g Jjaocv ol ToKsfJutor ^ylxoc is 5g/>J7 ly/y^gro, 
i(poiv7j Kovtogrog oiffTBg vB(pi}jj Kzvxfi, y^dvof Jg oh axr^- 
voi vffTSgov aCTTBg [/jsKocvtu Tig h TcS TsitCff Ixl xoKu. 
ore Jg lyyvTBgov lyiyvovroj r&Yji S;) kol) xaTjcog rtg 
fjargocTTe^ xoct al \dyyjn xoct ocl rd^sig xaTocfupetg 

BiyiyvovTo. kol) litrocv iTTslg [juh "kBVKO^afgocxBg It/ rov 
6U6fvv[Jij0v rZv ToKeiJjlctfP* Ttaffucpsgprjg iXiyero rovrm 
oi^Bir ixd[^^^oi 5g rovTojv yeppo(pogoi, lyfti/jsvot is otTJ-^ 
Toct ffvv 'TToifjgSffi ^vKtvocig UdTriciv^ AJyvTTtot 5' ovroi 
iXsyovTO ehccr oiKkot ^ /TTg^g, aKkot to^otul Truvreg 
y oSrot xaroi '^vfj b TKoctffioj T}Jig6t av^guTojv Ixua- 

10 rov TO l^vog Irogevero. Tgo ol avrSv ag^ocra hakei" 
TovToc (rt/)Qfov aT aTJjjkejv ra ifj igeTuv93(p6goc xocXov- 
fifim' g/^ov Sg ra'^gsTocyoi \k rSv k^ovav elg 'Trkdytov 
aTorgraft/gj/a koc) wo roUg il^goig eig yriv (iKiTovru^ 
ig hoLxo*7C7Hv OToj hrvyxdvonv. fi Sg yvoj^ri fjv ig ug 

1 1 roLg rd^Big rSiv 'Y^'hXfimv iXSvra xut itouco'^ovTOc. o 
fiAvroi Kvgog stTSv or& xuXiffug Tagsxiksvero roUg "EX- 
kiiffi T9]v xgccvyTjv tSv (iocg^digcjv ii'gp^ga'S^a/, g-v^gy^^ 
TOVTO' ov yug xguvyrj aXXa fftyrj cHg avvtrrov xou 

12 ^(Tv^ lif hof xou ^gocieofg vgOGi^sauv. xou h rovra 
Kvgog^ TccgBkavmv uvTog avv THygfjrs rS igybfivsi xou 
£Kkotg rgiffh }j rerrocpfft^ tu KX&ugxv i^ou dyesv to 
ffTguTBviJboc xocra [Jbiaov to tSv ^Tcoki^imj on sxbs jSo- 
ffikBvg €*i93' xav tovt\ epfj^ vixZybSv^ Toiv^' ^[julv TSTOSfj- 

ISToct. ogZv Sg KXga^o^ TO fiAofov ffT7(pog xou axovuv 
KOgov 1^0) oWa Tov "'EKhjvixoS ev6Jvv[Jbov ^aonXka' 
ToaovTOv yug ^X^^gi Tgf/?v ^ocaikivg SffTS (Jbitrov to 
iuvTOv lyjav tov Kvgov evcjwfj^ov 'i^cj rir oeTX of/tcjg o 

LIB. I. CAP. vra. 33 

KXio^og ovK ^'^Bkep o^TOffTciffoct uto tov totoc[ji,ov 
TO is^toy xegag, ^o^ov^Bvog fifj zvKKcj^etTj izocrsgoj^ev^ 
rZ il Kvgcf aTBzgivuTO on ocvrS [jueXot oTotg xuKSg 
ixos. zus \v rouTCf rS KutgS to fJbh ^ug^ocgtxov aTgd" 14? 
TivfJbu oiLukSg Tgo^Bt^ TO H 'EKh}ifiKov 'in h tZ uvtSj 
yiivov avviToiTnTO Ik tZv gV/ TgoatoPTOfv. Koi 6 KD- 
^g TocgekauvcifV ov tupv '^gog ocvtZ tZ (jfTgo^Tzv^an 
kcctb^bZto ixuTigaxTB^ a'ro^'hk'Trm i*ig re Tovg ^oXg- 
fjbtODg Kou TOvg <pi\ovg. Ihav 5g avTov octo tov 'EKhj-lS 
¥i»ov Sbvo^Sv ^A^fjpaTog, vTsKuffOig Zg avvocvTfjaut^ 
^gBTo bH ts TugotyyBKKor o 5' i'^nffTfiaug bItb^ kou KsyBiv 
hcBkBVB ^u(TsVj 07/ zoii ra hgoi xuXoi xoci Toi a(pdyia 

XUKk. T(WT% 8g y^ByOiV ^OgV^OV fjzOVffB hoi tZv TU^BCtJlflG 

ioifTog, KOi fjgBTO Tig 6 ^ogv^og bUtj. 6 U JSXBugxfig 
bItbp OTi TO avv^fj(JiiO^ Ta^g^BTcct hvTBgov ^^91. 7ca) oV 
^^OLvybousB Ttg Taf ayygXXg/, «a/ ^gBTO o,r/ Btrj to avv- 
^(Loc 6 y aTCiKgivaTO or/ TjBvg aZTTjg xui vUtj, o Sg 17 
KufOf UKOVffug, AXXa iixofjucci 7^, g^p^, xoci tovto 
effTOf. TavTU y bItZp Big t^p buvtov %Zgap k'JcrikavvB* 
nm OVKBTS Tgia ri TBTTOcgoc (TTuhoc hBIX^TfJP ToL ^a- 
Xayyg ax aXX^Xft/y, tipIkol BTUiocptZpp tb oi '^EKhjPBg 
Koi TPOfjgxfiPTO aPTiOi Ibpus Tolg xoT^fJijiotg. Zg il to- 18 
gBV0(/*BPafP B^BKV[/jasPB Tt Tfjg ^oKayyog^ to BXiXBimydB- 
vop ^g^UTO igoi/fCf ^b7p' kou &[jiju B(p^ey^ocPTO xdvTBg 
oToPXBg tZ ^YsPvuTJof BkBKiZpvas^ ku) x&PTBg Sg g^goy. 
ykyomi il Tmg Zg pcut Ta7g aGxici Tcgog Toi ioguTU 
HotfrTjtrup^ ^o^op xoiovPTBg Tolg JWo/^. xgh Sg ro|gt;- 19 
(iiOt, V^tKPBh^ut BXPcXivovtTtP Oi ^dcg^ugoi Tcui (pBvyovffi. 


i^oojp ii kXyJikoig [ju^ ^b7p IgofJi^af, uKk' h Toc^Bi BTrBtr- 
Sa/. ra 5* ag^Lo^TOt B^pigBTO^ Toi (jubp h' ocvtZp tZp to- 20 

}i£fJlttCifPj Toi il KOU ha tZp 'EXX^VA/y KBVa flViOXGQP. Oi 
V ixBt TgothoiBP, hlffTUPTO' BffTi 5' OffTig XUi KCCTBh- 

34 LIB. I. CAP. vni. * 

fjp^fj^ 2ffTB§ iv iTTohgOfLa hcT'Xayslg' kou ovS&f (jitivrot 
ovhe rovTov tu^sTp 'i<puaav^ ovS oiXkog 5g r£v 'EXX^y^i' 
Bv ravrri r?i f^a^jj gVaS^ev oviug ovlivj tTJjv Itci rZ evd)- 

2lvvy^of TO^iu^vai rig sKiysro. KSg>oj h* ogSv rovg 
"EXX^ya^ vtKcivrug ro ku^* ocvrovg kou itafKOprug, ^io- 
fJi*svog Kus TgoaxvvovfJUBPog ijhfj ig (ittatkivg vro tSv 
ai^p' avTOv^ ovS Stg i^frx^Jj hafpcsn^^ oKKoi ffweff^retga- 
fh&friv B'Xfifv TTjif Tuv (Tvv eocuT6f i^uKoaiav iTTBofV ra|/y, 
iTBiLBkuTO o^Tt voiTiGBi ^oGikivg. KOU yoig ijiBt UVTOy 

22 or/ ^iAaov exfii rov Wb^ikov argurBvi/^UTog. ku) TUih 
TBg y OS rm j8af j3af a/v oi^ovrBg fiAffov l^owgj ro at5- 
rZv fiyovvrai^ vofLiZfivrBg ovra kou h ua^ukBtrroiref 
Bhou^ n^ ri n i(r)(/jg uvrSv BKocrigcJ^Vj kuI d' rs Tocgay" 
yBTkoci y^riZpiBVj n^iaBi av y£om outr^dvBo^ou ro ffrgd- 

23rBU[/jOL Kai ^ouJkkBvg ^n ^orB ybBGOv B^flv rrjg ocuroS 
ffTgartoig Ofji^ofg b^oj lymro rov Kvgov bvojvv^ov kb^u- 
rog. btbI hi ovhBtg avrZ iybi-^Bro bk rov oa^iov ovSb 
rolg ocvrov rBruypbivoig BfJbTPoa^Vj BTBKafJijTrBv ag ug 

24fKvKXej(Ttv. Bv^u ^Tj Kvgog, OBtao^ }t^ Stso^v yBvofJb^ 
pog KocrocKO^lfp ro 'KKhjvtKov, BkccvvBt avrtog* kou ifin 
^oLhuv ovv rolg B^ocKOtrmg vskS rovg Tgo ^(tatXiafg rg- 
rccyiLBvovg^ kou Big (pvyijv 'ir^^fB rovg B^ocKt(r)(/KiOvgi kou 
ccTTOKTBivou XiyBrou avrog rrj iocvrov j^g/f/ ^Agruyi^ 

25ff9jy rov ag^ovroc avrSv. dg 8' ^ rgoxij ByBifBro, 8/a- 
ffTBtgovrut KOU o! Kvgov B^oucoc^m Big ro huKBiv ogfjbfj^ 
ffocprBg^ tX^v Tayy oXtyos .uf/ff>* avrov KocrBlsifi^aocv, 

26j5^gSov o! Ofjborgd'TBZfis KOcKovf/jBvos. avv rovrosg il iv 
Ko^oga ^omtiXboc kou ro a^h(p' bkbTvov Gr7<f)og' kou Bv^dg 
ovK 7}VB(r)(firOy aXK' bI'tcuv^ Toe avSf « 0^5, hro W ocvrov 
KOU TociBi Kara ro ffrigvov Kai rirgmKBs ha rov ^^ 
gaKog^ 6jg (pijai Krfjaiag 6 largog^ kou laa^as avrog ro 

9.7rgav(Jbd ^fjfft. Tratovra i' avrov aKovrl^Bt rtg TaXrZ 
VTO rov 6<p^aX[/fOv ^tatcjg' Kai Ivrav^a fiaxo[JifByoi kcc) 

LIB. I. CAP. IX. 35 

PocffsXevg xai ^vgog Ka) oi a^p^ avrovg VTrsg exarigov^ 

yes' vocg ixetvcf yoig tJv K.vgog il uvrog re a^g^a^g, 
xui OKTu Oi agstrros rZv xegi ocvrov bpcuvto W avrZ. 
' Agru'^rdrfjg o, 6 Ttffrorarog avrS tuv azj^Trrovxm 28 
^egaTofVy TiyiTui^ iTCH^rj TS'^rAfzoru giSg KDf oy, koctu- 
Ti^fjffag am rov hTov TCZ^iTCiOiiv avrZ. xoci oi [Jbh 29 
(pouTi (iuffiXia zsKsvaat rtm gT/(T^a§a/ ocvtov Kvgcf, oi 
y laurov I'jrsfffoi^aa^ut o'jraad.fijzvov rov ccTctvaKrir gl%g 
yag> Xgvo^ovVf xai (TTgBTrov $g i<p6gsi kou -v^/gX/a xai 
raKkUf SffTSg oi ugtffTot UBgtrSr InTi^riTO yoig v'tco 

KvgOV 5/ BVVOioiv 7i KOU *JCi(570T7ftCC. 


KDf 0^ \iXv ovu oiirofg ireKevrriaiVy ocvfjg ap UegffSv tSv I 
fifSra KSgoi^ rov ag^ocTov yBvofiivcjv (iuffiTjxojrurog rs 
xou &^iv a^tdtraTog^ ag xagoi Toivrav ofLoKoyurm 
tSv KvgOV hoxovvrm iv TBtgct yBvea^oct. tpStov ^\v2 
yog 'in ToSg oiv^ or i^utievero xa) avv ra aoik^S xai 
avv rolg oKKotg Toctfft, '^icdvruv Toivra xgdriarog m^i- 
^gro. ^uvrsg yoig oi rSv agiarofv HBgffSv Toi^Bg i^/ Ta7g 3 
^cuTsTssag ^gasg xatiBvovrar 'iv^a ttoTJjjv ybh ffacpgocv- 
vfiv Kurayija^oi civ rig^ uitr^ov 8* ovhh ovr ocxovffai otir 
liHv BffTt. ^BivTUt y oi TociiBg xai rovg ri^iojyiAvovg^ 
VTO ^aaiKBag xai axovovat, xai oKkovg aTiyijaZp^B- 
vovgr HffTB, Bv^vg Ta7hg ovTBg^ fjbav^dvovfftv oigxfiv tb 
xai dgxjBff^at. h^a Kvgog aihfj[JbovB(TTarog [ih TgS-S 
roiv rSv tiKixtoyrm iioxBs Civai^ rolg tb 'jrgBtr^UTBgoig xai 
rSv iavrov v^ohBB(TrBg&fV [laTJ^ov TBt^Bcr^at^ BTCBira ^\ 
psKi^^orarog xai rolg 5Wo/g agtffra 'x^TJt/^ar Bxgivov 

36 LIB. I. CAP. IX. 

y avrov Koci tSp eig rov ttoKbi/jop egycifv^ ro^ipc^s rs xou 

eWet Sg TJJ fiKiKi(A gVfgTg, Kd) (piKo^goruTog Iju xou 
^gog roL ^gia [Jbiprot (piXoxtvhvporarog. ku) £gXTO¥ 
'ttotI l7n<pBP0[Jbivi]v ovk gVfgcgi', aXXa (TV[Ji*7re(Tc!)p Kursff- 
Tua^yj ccTO rov JWoy, xal roi ^h gVa^gv, aiv xou 
rug ojTiiKag (pavegag gl^g, rsKog 11 xarexocvs' xoci rov 
TgSrov fiivToi ^OTj^fjffotPTOc TCoWoig f/*uxugi(Trop iTrotfj- 

IffSP. I'TTi) Sg Xa7i7Ciyb(p^ri VTTO TOV TCOLTgOg ffocrgocTfjg 

Auliocg Ti xoci Qpvyittg Trjg [jijeyochjg xou Kurro^ 
ioxiocg^ ffTgarrjyog ol xou TcdpTup aTgJg/%^^ otg xo^f]- 
xBi eig KocffTcuKov ttbHop a^f o/^gffSa/, TgSrop jS^gv Isrg- 
iei^Bv ocvTOP OTt TCig) 'TrXiiffTov xomro, gi' toj gtc^Igouto 
xou li Tof (Tw^oitTO xa) gi' TOf woayfiiTO ri^ i/jfjih •vf/gy- 

sJgtrS-a/. xoti yug ovp iTrlarevop (/^h uvroi at ^roXg/; 
k'^irgBTTOfJtjepou^ sTiaTBvop i' o! oiyigeg* xou bH rig sro- 
Xsi/jtog lyipBTOj ffTTBiffocfjumv KvgoVf Mcrreve (ifjih 

9ap TTocga rag (TTOpiag Tra^Bip. rotyagovp g^gi Tiacro^ 
^BgPBi iToXiuurjcrs, Traffai ai 'roKiig ixovffai Kvpop 
ukovro apr) Ti(Tffa(pigPOvg^ t7\:^p MjX^ffiap* ovroi dg, 
on obx ij^eKB rovg pevyoprag srfogffS-a/, k^o^ovpro 

10 avr OP. xa) yag Igyca I'^reisixpuro xa) gXgygv on ovx 
oip TorB TgooTrOy bttb) aVa| (piXog avroTg iymroy ovS 
bI 'in [ji*BP (/^Biovg ymtpro, 'in ^g xaxiop Tgd^Siap. 

1 1 ^aPBgog y Jjp xa) bII rig n aya^op jj xaxop Toi^ffeiBif 
avrop^ vixap TBig&ffjuBPog' xa) ev^^^ ^s ^t^^? aurov b^b* 
(pigop^ dg Bvyjiiro roaovrop yjgopov Z/jv hrB Pixcifj xou 

l2rovg bv xa) rovg xaxSg TToiovprag, akB^6[ji*BPog. xa) yog 
OVP '^rXBiffroi ifj avrS^ hi yB apig) rSp g^' ^[JiJliPy g^rg- 
^vf^rjaap xa) Yghi^ara xa) ToXBig xa) rd iavr£p ffoh 

ISfi^ara TgoBff^ai. ov (lbp Ijj ovil rovr av ng glVo/ ig 
rovg xaxovgyovg xa) aiixovg Bta xarayBXap, aXX' a^g/- 
iiarara woa^rap InyijOjgBlro. TToXKaxig 5' ?v Ihitp Tagd 

LIB. I. CAP. IX. 37 

Toig.ffrei^oiLBmg obovg kou 7Co6Sv kou yfi^Zv kou o^- 
^oc>X[Jbaiy ffrsgofimvg au^gaTovg* oicrr iv r^ Kvgov 
aexjfi lyivero xai ''EKhjvi kou ^ugfidga fJi*T}Sev cciiKovvTi 
ix^ioig ^ogevscr^ui oVo/ rig fj^OiSv^ ixovri o^rs r^oyja- . 
POiV Tovg ye (Jbivroi aycc^ovg slg TCoKe^ov dfioXoy^ro 14} 
oia^egouTCtfg ri^Siy. pcoci 'TgSrou (jbh rjv ccvrSi m'kiyijog 
^fiog Utffiiag kcc) Mvaovg' (TrgarBv6(jbBvog ovv kou av- 
rog Btg rccOrotg rag %^fa^, ovg koj^ot. i^BKovrag mvhv- 
vBvBiv^ rovrovg Kcci oi^ovrug btosbi ^g xaTB(rrgB(pBro 
X'^i^9 B'ffBira 5g kol) oKkri i&fgoig irifjijU' oiffre (paivBa-is 
Sl-ai rovg fih uyoc^oug Bv^ocifJijOUBffTdrovg, rovg il kcc- 
Koug iovXovg rovrcov a^iovv ehuL roiyagovu ttoXK^ tJv 
kp^ovia avroi rSv ^BXoprofv xivivPBvBtu^ oVoy rig o'i" 
oiro Kvgov ulcF^TjffBff^at. Big ye fhrjv iiKuioffvvrjy, bi rig 16 
ocvr^ (puvBgog yivoiro BTiiBUuva^ai ^ovXcf/jByog^ TTBgi 
Tccvrog B*7CoiBiro rovrovg '?rXov(TicorBgovg toib7u rZv bk 
rov aiixov (pikoKB^ovvruv. xoti yoig ovv uKKu rB ToX-n 
Xa iiKOiiag avroi S/6%g/f /^ero, koi (TrgarBV[Lari aX^j^ivci 
ly^aaro, kui yag argarTjyoi zai Xoxocyoi ov XS^l^^' 
rofv 'ivBKa ^rgog bkbIvov BTXBvcrav^ aXk' btbi lymtrav kb^ 
iuXBOfrBgov Civai Kvgoj KaXZg TBi^a^Blv ^ ro Kara 
ybfjva KB^og. oKka (l^v Bi rig yi ri avroi TCgotrrd^avri 1 8 
xaXiSg VTyj^BrfjcrBiBVy ovhBvi viincorB a%dgiGrov BiaffB rriv 
Tgo^fLiav. roiyagovv xgdriffroi ifj VTTfjgBrai Tavrog 
egyov Kvgof iXB^^rjaav yBPBcr^ai. bi il riva ogcifj 5g/-i9 
»ov Qvra oiKOvofhov bk rov hxaiov^ xai xaraffPCBvdZftvrd 
^s ?? ^SX,^^ X'^S^^ ^^^ '^goffohovg Toiovpra^ ov^Bva av 
TTOfTTorB a^BikBro^ oKK* aei tcKbio) TCgoGB^iiov oiarB xai 
^img imvovv Ka) ^appaXiag Ixravro, Pcai o i'^BTraro 
av rig tJKiffra Kvgov BKgvTcrBV ov ydg (p^ovSv rolg 
^avBgSg TXovrovffiv i^aivBro^ aKXd TBigoji/jBUog ygija^ai 
rolg rS» a'^oxgvrroiiBvav ')(jg^[JijOcai. (piXovg yi (/j^v^O 
Offovg Toifjcrairo xa) Bvvovg yyoifj ovrag xai Uavovg Kgi'- 


38 MB. I. CAP. IX. 


w/g (Tvngyovg Civai o,r/ rvyy/ivoi ^ovKoiLivog Kart^yA- 
^g(r^a/, 6[Ji*o\6ye7roci 'jrgog wdvrm K^rtarog Ifj yina- 

2 Ida/ ^gUTTBvetif. ku) yoig ocvro rovro ov7Ci§ ocvrog 
mzu (pi7\MV oiiTO JgJflT^a/, oltg crvpsgyovg 'iyfii^ kui uvrog 
kTetgoiTO ffvvegyog rolg (piXotg xgartffrog sheet rovrov 

220T0V spcacrrov ala^avoiro lTi,^v(/!jOvvroc. iSpoc ie ^Xg?- 
ffra (/jh Oif/*C£i ilg yi av avijg i7\£c[ju^uus oioi 'TroKKdi' 
ravra Sg 'TrdvTojv ^^ ^(xharu rolg p'Xoig hshihov, 'jrgog 
rovg rgoTovg Bpcuffrov (TkotZv ku) orov fidXiffra ogaifj 

23BKU(Trov ieoiifSvov. Koi offoc rS aGi)(Jijccrt ccvroS Koayijov 
mf/jTos rig^ ri ig ilg m\i^ov ri ig eig Ku'KKojTiaiJijOv^ xa) 
Tgfi rovroov XiyBtv avrov s^offuv on to [ih iccvrov 
(yS[Ji*cc ovK av ivvuiro rovrotg mai pcoafiri^fjvott^ (plXovg 
il xocXSg KSxoffi/jfjfJbmvg [jueyiarop Kofffjuop avigt vo/^iZpt. 

24txoct TO [Ji/h Tu (JbeydXu viKoiv Toyg (piXovg ev woiOvvTU, 
ovhh ^ocvfJbUffTOUj i'jnthri yg kou ivpuTCtfTegog TJy to 
ie Tfi gsr/jt^gXg/c6 TrsoiBtPui tSv (pthuv pcoct tm Tgo^i/jsTcr- 
da/ xocgiZjsff^oct^ ^TotvTU liLoiyi fJbSiKKou hofcei ayocffTa 

25 shut, Kvgog yoi§ 'i'TCS^Ti (itKOvg oi'vov ^[JbihesTg r/roKKd- 
Kig^ OTOTS TTccvv ^^vv Xa|8o/, Xiy&)v oti ovtcu Sp) toX- 
Kov y^dvov TOVTOV ^iiovi oim i'KiTxr/jii* tovtov ovv aot 

I'TTB^/j'^l KOU isiTOci (TOV Tfj^S^OV TOVTOV ix>TiUV (TVV o7g 

26 [JifoiXtaTU pXsTg. ToKkocKtg ie y/jvoLg ^(/jtfigojTovg B'7Ciyii*?ri^ 
Ku) oigTOfv ^[/jtffBoCf xcci dtkXu TOtocvTccy ixikkyziv xeXsvofv 

27 TOV ^igoPTu^ TovTOig Siff^Tj Kvgog' (iovKsToti ovu kou a\ 
TOVTojv ygyffaffda/. otov il xtXog (TToiyiog 'ttolvv sirj^ 
ccvTog y iivvocTO TuootcTPcevoiffaiT^oci iia to *ffoKKovg 
rxfiv v'jrrigiTot^g «a/ S/a ttiv iTiiJbiXBiav^ hwffkyij'ffGov g«g- 
Xgyg Tovg (pikovg ToTg ra iavTuv (r&}[ji/C£T(z Ayovoav JV- 
*jroig ifji,^uKKBiv tovtov tov %/Xoi/, ig (Jb^ TrstvSvTeg TOvg 

28 iocvTOv ptXovg ayofffiv. ii 5g iri totb TrogsvotTo kou 
'jrKu(TToi jM»gXXo/gv o-v/zgerda/, "ffgocTKcckSv TOvg (ptkovg h- 
xoviouo\oy$tTO^ ig irjh)t7j ovg ti^/jS,. Hgtb 'iycjyi^ i^ 

LIB. I. CAP. X. 39 

£p icKOVM^ ovhivu Kgivof v'^o '^Keiovm 'jrepTJjo'^as^ oiirs 
''Ejjjjvm otire ^ocg^dgav. reKfji*fjgwv ^ rovrov xou29 
ro^u Tcaga [ji,h ^vgov iovXov ovTog ovhig a^g/ Tgog 
jSofl^iXgflt, vXiju 'Ogovrag gTgp^g/fjyerg' Koci ovrog i^y oV 
eSero Titrrov ol glva/, rap^t) uvrov evge K.vgM ^iXuiregov 
!j iavrZ' ^rugoi il ^aaikiag ttoXKo} TCgog KSgop a^r^- 
^oVf STBii^ ToT^i/jtoi a.}Jj}Xo$g iyivovrOj xai ovroi fiAih 
rot ol (ijoi'hara i5t uvtou uyw^offjtjevoSi vof/jtZflvreg 
srof a Kvgcf ovng ayu^o) a^idfrigoig a,v rsiLijg rt;y%a- 
pup ^ rugoi ^afftXu. fJi*iyoc is TiKfhiigiov Koi ro iv r^SO 
rekiVTTJ rov ^iov uvri yev6[Jbevov^ ori kou avrog Ijv uyoc- 
^og Ku) xgivBip og^Sg ihvpocro rovg TCKrrovg ku) elipovg 
Kou j3gj8a/oyj. a'TFo^vntTKOvrog yag avrovy xoi»T$g 0/31 
Tifii avTOP (ptXoi K&) avvrgumZpi ccTci^avov (huyfiybipoi 
vmg Kvgovj Tkijp 'Agiociow ovrog Is riTuyfiAvog irvy- 
yjxviv l^ri rS svavvfij^^ rov iTTTiKOu oigyjuv ig 5' ijoi- 
^ro Kvgop TeTrrctfKoroCi 'ipvysp lyjap xut ro (Trgdr6Vf/*a 
TOJ' oS fiyiiro. 


'Ei/raD^a ifj Kvgov aTorsfipero^i ft Ki<poi,>Ji zui %g/^ 1 
^ Jg|/a. ^uffiXevg is kou ol avp uvrcS huKwp uffTiTru 
ug ro Kvguop trrgocroTiiop' kou ol [ih (i^iroL ' Agiulov 
ovKeri 7(rraproUf aXXa (fivyovai J/a rov avrup (rrgccro- 
^iiov iig rop (rra^^fji^op gV^gv cig^fjpro' rirrocgeg i* IXg- 
yopro '^oigocffuyyou ehui rijg oiov, ^uaiT^&vg Sg Kot ol2 
ffvp avri rd n dKku ToXXoi hag'^dtpvai, ku] r^p Oo;- 
Kottloi rrip Kvgov 'jraKKocKihu^ rrjp ao<priP kou kocTjjp Xg- 
yofjifiprjp ehuif XufJij^dpn. fi Sg M/X^er/a n psofreguy }j!'3 
^^7&oc wo rSp iiyb<p) ^oLCfihAU^ iKpzvyu yvf^pij Trgog 

40 MB. I. CAP. X. 

rav 'EX?^VA/v, 0/ BTXjyfiv iv ro7g (XKSvo^ogoig otXu 'i^oy- 
reg^ kuI avTira')^iifreg 'proKKovg (juh rSv a^ttZpvTm 
uTexreivuy^ 0/ il kou avrSv uTi^avop' ov [Ji*^u 'i^vyov 
yg, icKka xu) rccvTfjp hataav ku) oKka, oVoo'a ivrog 
avrSv, Ku) y^fhaToi, ku) uv^gatTrotj iyhovro Truvra 

^'iaaxrccv. braD^a ^litrxfiv aKkifhjuv ^utrtXsvg re kou 
or'EKhjpeg ag t^iukovtcc ffrdiiccy ot [juh hofKovreg rovg 
«a^' avTOvg, ag Trdurccg UixSvreg, oi i' a^dtpvrtg^ ig 

Sfjhfj Toipreg vixSureg. \mi S' i^c/^ovro ot [Jijh"EXkfjyBg 
ort ^afftXBvg avv rS ffrgurevfjuart h roig (rxBvo(p6gosg 
t'ifji ^uffiXsvg y ccv ijxovffe TiffcrccpBguovg ort ot"K}Jj}' 
ng ytPcSeu ro xa^' avroug xat stg ro 'rgoa^ev oiyfivrtLt 
hofxopreg^ Ivrav^o^ i^ ^acrtKsvg fifh o^gofZfit re rovg 
iocvrov xoct GvvrSirrzrai^ 6 Jg KXgaf%oj i^ovXevero 
Ugo^Bvou xa')\£(Tocg, T}j](rtoctrurog yotP yiv^ el m^LTCotev 

Grtmg fj TC&vreg toteu It/ ro ffrguro'^^ov agfi^ovreg. h 
rovrcf xui ^ufftXevg i^Xog tjv Tgofftatp TcdTav^ ig iioxet^ 
OTtff^ev. xcci oi fuv '"SXh^veg ffrgcc^evreg Trageaxev- 
aZpvro ig rccvrri 'ffgocrtoprog xat ie^ofjtjevotj 6 ie |3a(r/- 
Xevg ravrri (h\v obx riyev^ /j il ^af ?X!^gv e^cu rov evoh 
vvfhov xigarog ravrri xcci ocTrfiyuyey^ apuXa^m xcci 
rovg h rfj (Ji^oixH} xura rovg"K}Jjjmg avrofhoXrifTavrag^ 

7 xoct Tt(T(rcc(pegv7ju xoct rovg avv ccvrS. yag Tttrau- 
pegvvjg h rrj Tg&fTT} avvobcf ovx e(pvyep, aXXa hf^Kocffe 
"Tcocgoc rov TorocfLov xccra rovg "EXX^yva^ iceXrtiaroi^ 
heXocvmv is xocrexocve (Jbh ovievoCi hccffrdvreg h' oi 
''EKK?jpeg 'i'Trutov xoct h^ovrtZpv uvrovg* "E'^rtff^epiig Sg 
* AfJuffJToXirrjg Jjg^e rZv 'TreXrocarSv xoct eKeyero pgo- 

Svtfhog yevea^at. 6 ^ ovv T/cerafg^???, ojg y^etov 'i^oov 
icTrriKXayri^ tcAKiv ^h ovx ocyoc(rrge(pety etg he ro ffrgoc- 
roTTehov oc^ptxofLBPog ro rSiv ^Y^OJ^vuv^ exit avvrvyxoivet 
^ocfftXeTf xoct o^ov hri 'ffocTjv avvru^dc^Levot \7c0gev0vr0. 

9emt y ri<rocv xocroc ro evmv^Lov rcSif 'EKX^vav xegocg^ 

LIB. I. CAP. X:. 41 

e^esffocv ol "EXX^i'g^ fij^ "TC^aoiyouv TC^g to «6f a?, kou 
TtgsvTv^ccvrsg ai^^oregof^sy uvrovg Kocrapcoyl/siur pcui 
iioxei o^vTolg avuTrrvffffetv to xigag Koi Toitjirocff^ui 
onff^v rov rorociLoif. iv i JSg raCra i^ovkevovroj Koci 10 
ifj ^uffikBvg 7ca§u(Jijii'^u^ivog eig to uvro (r)(fl[Jboc «a- 
TsaTfiffsv ctvriav rrjv (paXayya,^ff9rgf to TTgSrov jt^a%oy- 
[jifSvog avvi^u. ag Sg ^^ov oi ^''EXkrjVig iyyvg re ovrag 
xui vugurerayfimvg^ uv^sg 'proctocviffavreg BTrieffav 
^oXv 'in 'pr§o^v[ji/6re§oy ^ ro TTgoa^ev, ol S' av j3af- 1 1 
jSaf 0/ ovK l^g^oyro, aXX' he TKmog ^ ro Tgoff^ep eipev- 
yor oi ^ gTgS/Woi' \J^eygi KOf^^jg rivdg* hrav^a, S' gV- 
rriffuv or'Y^KkyjVig' vmg yug rife pc&ffjuijg yf}Ko<pog tjv^ 12 
i<(> ov avear§di(p?j(Tccv ol (iyb<p) |3a(r/Xga, iczZpt [ih ov- 
xen, rSv hi iTcmm 6 Xoipog hs'^TJiff^r}^ ojcrre ro 'ffoiov- 
(iszvov (L^ ytyy&fffKeiu. xocl ro ^ccatKewv ariyijetov ogav 
e(pcc(TUP, aerov riva yovaovv I'tt) TsXrfjg It/ ^vXov am- 
r^ra^ivov. g^g/Sg ku) hroii!^' iyjUj^ovv ol ^YXhiveg^lS 
Xg/Voyff< hri Kou rou X6(pov ol iTTTBtg' ov [/jtjv ert a^goot^ 
ahJC uKkoi aXko^ep' i'^tKovro h' 6 Kopog rSv I'TT'jrkojv* 
rtkog Jg 9C0U Tcuvreg kv^iigr^tsdv. 6 pvv KXgafp^ojl4j 
OVK avB^t^ocZfv i'ff) rov Kopou, aXK* vtco avrov (rrriaag 
TO (TTgdrev^oLy m^'Tczi AvKtov rov ^vguKomov ku) 
aXkoif Itc] rov Xo<pov, Ka) Kekevsi Kurihovro^g roL vmg 
rov \o(pov^ r) Iffrtp aTrocyysTKcci. xoci 6 Avxiog tiXuffi 15 
rg xui Ih&fv aTTocyyeKksi on pevyovaiv km Kgdrog. 
ffyfhov i' ore rocvrdc t^v ku) rfk^og livero. IpraS^a, ^ 16 
'icrrfjffoiP ©/"EXX^ji^gj, pcocs ^sfimt roi oVXa apeTavovro" 
Kot &iija [/fh i^av^aZpp on ovhocfiov Kvgog (patpoiro, 
ovh' oiXKog kic ocvrov ovhtg TragetTj' ov ydg fhurocp 
avrop re^PTjxoroc, aXX' etKoZpp ^ htuKOPra otxecr^o^s, 
^ Kura}j}4'^lJijep6p n TgoektjkuKepocr ku) ccvroi l^ov- 17 
Kevopro^ g/ avrov fiupupreg ra (rKevo(p6goc iprccv^u 
dyoiProj ^ ocTiosep It/ ro (rrguTOTrehop. 'iio^sp ovp uv- 


42 LIB. I. CAP. X. 

rolg UTTiemr ku) icpxpovvrcci ic[ji,(p} iog^nffrov It} raj 
IStrx^Tjvdg. ravrfig [Jbh rrjg fi^i^ag rovro ro riXog iymro. 
Kuraka[Jij^oivov(n he rSv rs aXkck)P yjgrjfjijoirctfP ra ^Xu- 
(srtL hrjgTrafffjbivu^ xoci e*i rt ffiriov jj ttotop ijv, kccI rag 
a(Jboi^ocg, fji*e(rroig akivgafv xut oivov^ &g TocgBffXBvocffccro 
K-vgog, IVa, et Tcore (r(poigoi ro aT^urivyda Xd^oi 'ivhua^ 
hcchoifj To7g "l^^KhjaiV fjffocv S' aura/ rergccKOfftcci ojg 
iXeyovTO &[Jtjcc^ar xoci rocvrag rors ol (rvv ^affiKsi 
I9hf}g7ruauv. oiare aheiTvot Hffav ol icKshroi rZv *EX- 
yJlvuv fiffotv hi avoigtffror TTgh yoig hij Ko^rccXvacci 
TO ffrgdrBviLcc r/rgog cLgiffTov^ ^uffiXevg i(pdy9j. tuvttjv 
(/jh ovv T^v vvKTu ovroj heyivoPTO. 



'Clg fjtfh ovv ij^goiff^y} Kvgof ro *Y.KkT}pix6vj ore g;r/ rov 1 
aiskpou ' Afra^gfl^f Iffrgarevsro, kcc) ocroc h rri icvohcu 
i'TT^d'y^ri^ kou ug fj ^i^dy/i iymro^ ku) ig Kv^og Ireksv- 
TTjffB, Kui ig Isr/ ro trrgocro'jrehop iX^ovreg ol "EkXfjpsg 
ixot(jij7i^r}(ruVi oIoilbvoi ra 'Tcdvru viKoiv kcc) K.vgov ^?v, 
ip roi *ifiTgoff^ev Xoyof ishviXcifrat. oi^a Sg rri ^[jbBga2 
ffvvek^oprBg oi ffrgocrfjyoi e^ccvi/juZpy ort Kvgog ovn 
£Xkou TrifiTTOi (Tfji/juvovvrcc o^ri ygij toibip^ oiire ccvrog 
paivoiro. gSo^sv ovv uvro7g, (jvffKevuffa^/Avoig & iiyfiv 
Koci h^OTrKiffocfimtg^ '^rgoihui eig ro Tgoff^ev^ 'iojg Kii^o; 
(rv[Jij[^i^BiotP. fjhfj ie h ogfi^ ovrojv^ aytju f{kiof knayfivn^ 3 
fjX^e Ugoxk^g 6 Tev^gaviag oigX'^Vj ysyovdig uto A??- 
f/tccgoirov rov Accfccouog^ xai TXovg 6 Tufjjoo, ovroi g?^g- 
yov on Kyfo^ i^jh ri^vj^Ksv^ 'Agscciog jg 7r2(pivyctfg h 
rZ aroc^fjbci Bilrj (/jsroi rZv aKkav ^ocg^dgcov^ o^ev rfi 
TTgorsguta agybSivro. ku) Xeyos ort ruvrriv fih rriv ^(jue- 
gav 'TCigiybiiyeiiv av uvrovg^ es [JbiXkoisv riKitv^ rri Sg 
aXXj? a^/gvai ^airi Itti 'Icoviag^ o^svTeg IjX^i. rotvroi4f 
icKovauvreg oI (rrgarriyot^ ku) oi aKkot'^EKkriPBg Tvv^a- 
pofd^BPOt ^agsctfg e(pBgov. Kxiagx'^g il rdh bItsv. ' AXX' 
ftf^gXg [Jbh Kvgog Z^^p' Itbs il rsreXevrrjKep^ aTocyyiX- 
Xere 'Af/a/<y on ^(/jBtg vikZ^bv n jSao'iXga, «a/, Zg 
ogars, ovhig 'in f}(/AV (i^AxBrai^ ku) bI (JIjtj vfieJg fjX^BrB, 
BTOgevoiLB^oc ap bti ^aaiXka. i'TrayyB'KXo^/jB^a, "61 
' Af/a/A;, BOLP h^ai^B gX^j?, Big rop ^gopop rop ^occriXBiOP 
xod^iup avrop' r£p yag ^d^CV viKOjprup ku) ro ol^bip 
BtsrL ruvr Bi'preUp k'ffoarBKkBi rovg uyyiXovg xui (TvpS 

44 MB. n. CAP. I. 

avTot^ XBigi(TO(pop Toif Aoixafvoc xui Mimvu rov ©gr- 
raKov pccci yag avrog M.evctfv e^ovKero' rju yoig (piXog 

Gxcct ^ivog *A§tociov. ot [/jh oj^ovro^ I^eccgXfiS ^^ ^2- 
giifjijsve. TO hi (rrgdrevfjijoc l7ro§iZ,Bro cftrov^ OTOfg Ihv- 
vocrOj Ik rSv VToZyyicov^ KOTcrovrtg rovg ^ovg kcc) ovovg' 
^vXotg S' i')(£Zy7o^ (JjIk^ov Tgo'iopTBg a^o r^g ^akocyyog 
oS 7} jJi&yfl iymroj roTg re olcfToig ToKKoTg ovaiv^ ovg 
fjpciyzocZpp oi "YXkring Ik^AKKuv rovg dvroi^oKovvTiig 
^rafa ^occrtT^ojg^ Tca) roig yippoig xm roug affxifft 
Toiig ^vKiPutg rcxJg AJyvrrioag' ToKkoci II kus tsXtus, 
Kou &(ji*(x^at rjffuu (pigeff^ui sgT}(jbor o7g icSiai %g>^|M»6J'o/, 

7«fga B-^opreg ri(r^iov exsivrjv Tfjv fif/Agdv, ku) nbri re ^v 
TTBgi TTJi^ovffocv icyogciuj xus sg^ovrai Tcuga (iuffsXiofg 
Koi Ti(r(ra(pigPovg KtigvKig^ ol (^h iLXkoi ^dg^ugor fjv 
i' avrSiv ^uijvog gr^"EXX?;v, og irvYXfio^ Tcuga Tifftru- 
fegvu S)V Kui hrii^ojg 'ixcov kcc) yag 'rgoffBTOisiro i'TCia- 
rijybm ehoci rSv ai^tpi rd^ug re xcci ovXofJtfOC')(/ccy, 

SovTOi he TTgocreh^ovreg ku) pcaXicravTeg rovg rSv 'EXX^- 
vcifv ag')(^oyrocg Keyovaiv, on ^occriXevg pcikevu rovg "EX- 
Tjivocg, Wsi piKcSv rvyxfiivei ku) Kvgop imxrovBy To^gu- 
iovrocg ra oVXa, iovrccg It) rag ^ounKBOttg ^vgugf Bvgiff- 

9k6(t^oci &v ri ivvcjvroci ccycc^ov. ravra [/^h g/srof oi 
^ccfftXiag pcfjgvKsg' oi Sg "YXhfivBg ^ugeag [Jbh ^ovtrouf^ 
ofjtjctfg Sg Kxiocgxflg roffovrov gJrgi^, on ov rSv viK&vrm 
Bill roL otXoc TTccgcchiovocr aKk\ epj^ vyiiilg [d^hf Z oilhgig 
(rrgocrriyoif rovroig a^ozgipaff^e o,r/ Kti'KkKrrov rs kou 
dgiffrop g%grg' hycti hi uvnKu n^u. hcAk&cfi ydg ng 
avrov rSv v^figtray^ OTT&fg iios rot, itgd i^rig7i(ji*ipoi. 'irvx,B 
10 yag ^6(jtfevog. h^u ifj arsKgimro KXBoipafg (h\v 6 
*AgKoLg^ Tgicr^vrarog mv, on rg6(r^&^ av a'To^ditfonp ij 
ru oTXa 'Tocgcchoifjffup' Ilgo^BPog il 6 &9j^a7og^ 'AXX' 
iy^y e(p7}y 5 OaXivg, ^ay/i^a^a; Toregoc ig Tcgaruv |3a- 
(fiKivg olWu ra oV>ia, n ig hios, ^iTJav Icigu. ii yih 

LIB. n. CAP. I. 45 

ya§ ojg KgurSv^ ri Sg? ocvrop alrziv kcu ov 'ku^ziv iX- 
^ovrtx, ; g/ Jg TTBiffug ^ovXbtoci Xa|8g?y, XByerctf ri earoct 
roig <rr§ccri&)7uic^ iav ccvTof ravra "/jx^iffojvrui, ^f oj 1 1 
ruvTu Q>(xXivog bItb, Bac/Xgt)? vixup ^ysTraiy STet Ky- 
§ov icTCiKTOVB. Tig yoig ccvrci hrip oartg Trig agx^g 
avrt^roieTrcci ; I'Of^/^g/ 8g xoct vfJijoig bkutov ehcci^ e^ct^y 
h (iAari rJ7 iocvrov %^fa xoci '?roToc[JbSv hvrog ccha^d- 
TCtfVf Kcct 'TcKri^og kv^^of'Tcm l(p'* vfJtjug ivvdi/jepog ayccfup 
offovj ov^ el "TocgBxot v[Mv^ ivvocsa^e av aTOPcrsTvoct. [le- 12 
Ta rovTOv &e6'?rofi'?r&g 'A^Tjvmog sItbp^ 'CI OaWVg, 
pvVj dg (TV 6g£g^ ri^lv ovhh hriv uycc^op aXko el [i^ 
o^Xa Kui agBrfj. otXoc yb\v ovv 'ixoprsg olo^e^a av 
Kcc) rrj agerrj %f ^c^a/, 'TocgahovrBg 5' uu ravroc kou 
rSv ca^ijurav (rregTj^ijvui. (jutj ovu ohv tol [/jOvu uyoc- 
ha fi^lv ovrcc vybiv TrugaicoffBip^ ccKKa ffvv rovroig xcci 
T6gi tSv v(jb2regctfy ayochSv ^ocxfivi^B^cc, axovcrug ills 
rocvru 6 ^ocKTvog gygXao'g xui el'Trsy^ 'AXXa (ptXoa6(p&f 
fijh hiKccg^ S> yeuvtffxs^ ku) Xeysig ovpc a^af/cra' hhi 
(j^kvroi honrog m^ si oki rijv v^iTZ^av ager^v regtye- 
viff'hoci av TTJg ^utrtXwg ivvu^eoog. uKKovg ie rivuglit 
%(pouFav XsyBiP V7ro[Jt^(xXaxiZp[Jif'Bvovgi dg xcci Kvgcf Tncrroi 
kymuTO Koi ^ocffiXeT av roKXov u^m yivoivro, si ^ov- 
KoiTO (piXog yBviffhocr ku) bits olXko r/ hekoi xgijffhai, 
gJr' It AjyvTTrop ffrguTsvBtv^ cvyKUTourrgi'^^uivr av 
(wrZ. \v TOVTOf KXeagx^g rixB, kou tigdrtiaev g/ nhrjlS 
aTOZB?c§i[ji*mt glgv. ^aXiPog Sg wdka^m bIttbv^ Ov- 
roi [hivi Z KXgQff ^g, clXkog otKKa Keyer av ^ fiiiAv elm 
ri Key Big. 6 S' gTrgj', 'Kyd eg, d OaWVg, dfffJijevoglG 
edgaxoc^ ol(/!jOCi ie kou oi oiKkoi Tuvreg' ffv re yoig "EX- 
}jjy el xat ^fjuejg roaovroi ovreg oaovg gv Of acr. ev rotov- 
roig ie ovreg '^goiyi^ocffi ovii^ovXevofJuehd (toi ri x§^ 
TOieTv Tgf/ aiv Xeyetg. av ovv^ 'TCgog hem^ av^^ovKev^ll 
(TOP fi^v o,r/ (foi ioxeT KoKKiarov pcai agiffrov ehas^ pcoct 

46 UB. n. CAP. I. 

(TO/ rifji*fiv o'mi elg top eT&iru xS^uw avakeyofjijim^ 
on ^u}jif6g Tore Te[ji*^^Big Tuga ^affiKiofg xekBvauv 
Tovg ''KXhjvocg ra otKo, Tragaiovvaij ^v[Jij(iov}\£vof/*mig 
IvvefBovXevaev avroTg rcchs* oh^a II ori uvoiyxfj ?i- 

ISyBff^oct h rn 'EXXaS/ a av (TVfL^ov'kiVffpg. 6 II 
KXeagX'^g ruvroc tJsr^ygro, ^ovhjOfLBvog kou uvtov tov 
TTuga daaihkag TTgeff^Bvoproc ^vfJi^^ovKeSffou f/fij vocgu- 
hodvoct ra oVXa, OTOfg evekTthg [Ji^oiKKov ehv oi "EXX^ 
I'g^. ^ahjvog Jg VTOffrgB^i/ocg^ TUgoi ttjv io^ocv aurov 

1961'srgv, 'Ey^, g/ (liv rZv fjbvgtofv gXsr/^v (Jt^ia rtg vfMv 
iCfTi (Totf^fjms 7Co}\£fijOvvrag ^aaiXu, (rvi^^ovXevof (/^ii 
Tccgochiovoci ra, OTtXoc' ii Jg ro/ [d^rjisfji^la (T&nTjgiug iffrh 
ikTig &Kov7og ^ccatT^ofg^ avyb^ovXivat (TaZfffiui v(mv 

20oTf} ivvocTOv. KXiag^og is rgog ravra HviVy * AKka, 
Tocvroc fih S^ av }\kyng' tol^ ^(/jSv ^ aTayygXXg raSg, 
07/ ^(ji^eig oiofj^s^Uf g/ fji*h Uot ^atn^J (ptkovg shut, 
Tkiiovog h di^ioi ihoci (piXoi rxfivreg ra oVXa rj Tocgoc^ 
ioPTsg oiKK&f^ ei il hsoi sroXg|U>g7i/, dfLBtPOV up ToXeybUP 

9,\V)(fiP7ig roL oVXa n olXKu Tagaioprei' 6 hi Ouijpog 
gm, Tayra [ih h^ aTayyeXovfJifep' uKka, xui raJg 
v[MP sItbJp g«gXgy(rg (iuffiXevg, on (iApovffi (up avrov 
ffTOphui e'Jrjaap, Tgohvai hi xui aTioDff/ ToKi^og. g?- 
^arg ovp K(M Tigi TovToVj Toregu (hiPUTi xoci trTOphoct 

22 g/V/v, ^ ig TToXifLov ovrog xu§ vfj(Mv aTuyyekS. KXgocf- 
^%o^ h' gXg^gv, 'AcrayygXXg rotpvp ku) regi tovtov on 

Kui fjiMP Tuvroi hopcel &tb§ ku) jSaer/Xg/l T/ ovp rccurd 
iffnp; e(prj 6 ^oTJpog. uTexgtPuro ,KXsagxfl^j "Hv 
fji^BP [LepctfiJbep, (TTOphaiy a^ioSffi hi Koct TTgotovcri ToXsfJbog, 

23 6 hi TuKip hgojryiGiy ^xophag ^ mXefLOP kvoLyyiyJu ; 
KXgafj^oj Sg raira t&Kip uTexgiPuro, ^Tophut [juIp 
fjtfipovffip^ ocTnovffi hi ^ Tgo'iovffi mK^i^og. o^n hi xoi- 
fiaoi ov hnffyjfJbTjpe. 

LIB. II. CAP. n. 47 


OaTJVo^ [Jbh ifj oj^J^ro^ kou oi gvv ccvrci. ol Sg Taoa 1 
' Afia/oy riKOv^ Yl^oKkrig ku) XBigi(ro(pog' Mgi^A*/ is av^ 
rov sf^Bve ^ruga 'Af/a/a;. ovrot Sg sKeyov on '^oKXovg 
puifj *Agia7og shai Uegtrug lavrov (ieXrtovg^ ovg ovk 
ay avottryfff^oii ccvrov ^ccfftXevovTog' aKk' ei ^ovKsa^e 
ffvvu'ffAvcct^ riKitv ii6ri kbKbvu rrjg vvKTog* el Sg (jutj^ 
uvTog TTgai aTiBPCti (priaiv. 6 Sg KXeocg^'^g bItsu^ ' A?\A' 2 
• otirct) XS^ "JPOiBlr lav luv fiKaf[ABv^ ua'TTBg KeyBTB' bI Sg 
fijTj^ ^gdrrBTB oxohv &v ri v[jij7v oi'fjff^B [/^aktffrcc av^ 
pegBiv. OfTi hi TTotfjcrot ovhl rovroig bItb. (lbtu il rav-S 
ra, i]i7i ffkiov Ivvoprog^ ffvyxsckBffocg rovg argaTtiyovg 
Ku) Koxocyovg bKb^b rotcih. 'Kf/fOi^ St avigBg, ^voi/jBvm 
sBvui btI ^(ktiKbu ovk iyiyvBTO ra kga. Kat'^BtKorcog 
Of a OVK lysyvBTO' dg yag lyoo vvv *jrvv^dvo(Lai^ h ybB- 
aojf fi^Sv x,a) ^atrikBojg 6 Tiygvjg TorafLog B(m vavcri- 
Togog, oV ovz ap ivvai(/!jB^a avBv wXoiojv ha^^var 
TkoJa il fuLBtg OVK bxoilbv. ov (lbv i^ avrov yB ^bvbip 
oTov TB' ra yag gT/r^Sg/a ovx BffTiv 'ix^ir Ikvai hi 
Tagd rovg K^vgov (pSkovg Trdyv Kaka fiyidv ra hgd r}v, 
S^B ovv Yjgfi toibTv aTtoprag hi'^PBlv o^rt ng g;^g/'4 
BTTBihap ^g (rri(JtifjP7} rZ zBgart atg ocpaTravBff^ai^ GVGKBvd- 
^g<r3^g* gTgiSai/ ^g ro hevrBgop^ apari^Bff^B W) ra vtco^ 
Zpyia' BTi hi rZ rgiroj^ gVgff^g rZ fiyov^/AyGf^ ra yblv 
VTCoZpyia BxovrBg *?rgog rov TorafLov, rd hi oVXa B^of. 
ravra aKomavrBg ol argarriyo) Ka) Xoxayoi d^^^opS 
Kai BTToiovp ovro). pcat ro KoiTOP o (lIp JjgXBP^ ol hi 
BTBt^oprOi ovx Bk6[Ji*BP0$^ dKKa ogSprBg on fiopog ipgoPBi 
o7a B^Bi rop agxfipra^ ol S* aKKoi d'^Bigot Jieap. dgi^-6 
(Log hi rijg ohov, tjp fjK^op g| '^(pBffov rijg 'Imiag /xg- 

48 LIB. II. CAP. n. 

Y^i rJjg iJi*d%7ic^ aru^iijo) rgetg ku) mvfjKOPrcc, Tugcurdy- 
yai rnvTB xat rgtoixovra Kcci '^eurocxofftot, ffroihoi tsm- 
rriKOvru kou k^oLKiayi'kiOi k(m f^vgior am il rijg fJt^ccxfjg 
iKiyovro ehoci Big "Ba^vXivoi ardhot b^tjkovtu kuI rgta- 

TxOfflOt. BVTBV^BP^ BTTBl (TKOTOg lyBVBTO^ MiXrOKV^^jg (Jbh 

6 0f a?, g^fi^v Tovg TB tTTTBccg rovg j/jB^* bccvtov Big tbt- 
ru^aKOVTu fca) rZv tbZcuv QgccKoHv dg rgiccxoffiovg^ fjv- 

STOfJboKriffB TTgog (ioMnXBCc. KXsccgx^g ol rolg AXKoig 
TiyBiTO xara rot, *JCOL^yyBK\hBvoL^ ol 8' . bIttovto, xoct 
a(piKvovvroct Big top t§£top ara^iijov 'jrccgoi * A^iaiov 
9C0CI Trjv BKBivov ffrgocTiocv U[jifPi (JbBffug vvxrag' kcci h 
rd^Bi ^B[JbBP0i ra otKoc^ ^vv^I^op ol ffrgarjjyoi xou 
'Ko'/jx^yol tcSp '^TJ^rjuofP Tocgoi 'AgtuTop' xou S/^oaap oi 
TB "KXhjvBg xoci 'Agioctog xoci rSp avp uvrS ol xgoirh 
ffTOi^ fLTiTB T^o^ojaBip aXTJiKovCf avy^ybOLXoi ^6 BffBo^a^r 
ol Vb ^oig^agot TrgoffaffJijOffOiP xoci ^yfjcTBO^ut ahoXofg. 

Grocvra,^' oiyiiOaup^ ff(poi^oivrBg rocvgop xai Xvxop xoci 

xd'TT^op XOU xgioPy Big aaTiioCf ol [/^h ''EKhjPBg ^d'Tcrop- 

lOrgj ^ipog^ ol Sg jSafjSafOi Xdy^p, btbi Sg ra Tttrroi 

iyBPBTOy CixBP KXeag^os", "Aye 5^, Z 'A^/a/g, Wbi- 

T1J0 6 avrog v[JIj7v asTokog Btrri xou ^fitp, bItcb tipoc ypa- 

(hflP B'XJsig TBgl TTJg TOgBlOtg^ TOTBgOP UTlllBP iivTBg ^X^o- 

1 1 (LBP^ ^ aXhjv ripot bppbpotjkbpou hoxB7g oiop x^Birrat. 6 S' 

BITBP^ *^Hv (Jbh TJy^OfJliBP OCTlOPTBg 'TrUPTB'Kjug aP V'TO Xi- 

|M»o5 aToXoii/jB^co' v'ttu^bi yoig pvp ^(/jTp ouhh tSp Wi- 
rrj^Biojp. BTTOcxuihxu yug (ttoc^iiSp tSp iyyvrdiraf 
ovil IbS§o lopTBg ix rrjg %^fa^ ovhh iiyp\JjBP >iajM^|3a- 
PBiv gV^a 5* gi'r/ TiP^ hv^Big hocTOgBvifJtjBPOt xocTB^wrocpn- 

l2TciP y BTCITT^BIGJP OVX a7r0gf}(r0(JbBP. TTOgBVTBOP i* ^[/4» 

rovg TTgojTovg aro^^ovg ojg ap ivp&tfjtjB^oc fhoucgordrovg^ 
im dg TrXBiarop a'^offTruff^SfLBP rov (iocffiTjxov ffrgo^ 
TBVfiocrog' tjv yotg &toc^ ivo ^ rgtSv fi^BgZp oiop ocTCotr* 

LIB. II. CAP. II. 49 

ToKvv ^ exotfv (TToKov ov ivvTjffiroci ruxscifg TogBveff^ccr 
iffofg ie Kou rcSv WiTTihiay (TTuvnT. rocvTTjVf B(f>?iy rfjv 
yv&f[i7ip l')(fi) eyctfye, 

^Hv is (wrn n (TT^uTTiyitx, ovhh oiKKo ivvayAvfi filS 
x^oipuvai ^ uTo^vyeiv fi Sg ry^ iffT^uTTiyriGS kolK- 
\tov. BTTBt yag rifjijegu lymro, Wogsvovro iv Jg|ia txov- 
ng roy riKtov^ 'KoyiZpydSvoi ri^siv oifjtjoc ffkicf ivvovn eig 
Koff/tocg TTJg 3a(iv}\jOffviug %^faj" pcut rovro [ji*h ovk 
\y]/iva^ffccy, 'in i\ af/j^i ieiKrjv 'iio^oiv TCoKi^liovgl^ 
igav Ixmug* xou rZv re 'Y^T^vm oi (/jj^ ervxfip iv rulg 
rd^effiv ovreg elg Tag rd^ag e^op, Koi 'Agtoclog^ Irvy^ 
Xfl^n yag i(p' u[^oi^rjg Togevofi^eyog hon irergofrOy «a- 
roc^oig g&a;^a«/^gro, xut ol avv gcvtS. b a 5g aTcXi'lS 
^ovro, YiKov Xiyovreg ol Tf 0Tgf//(p^gi/rgf aKOXo)^ on ovx 
iTTsig ehiv a}X VTroZpyia vk^oiro. xui ev^vg lym- 
Tocy 'TTOLVTig on lyyvg tov sffrgaroTreievBro (iocaiXsvg' 
Kou yoig Kou xocTPog i^ocmro Iv x&ff/jaig ov Trgoaoi), 
K>iaf%o? 5g Itc) jt^gv rovg 'jro'kiybiovg ovk fjyev ^'Sg/16 
yag KOU oi'^etgTjKOTug rovg (TTgocnaTocg^ kou arriTOvg 
wrocg' ijhij il kou o-v^g rir ov f/Avroi ovSi amKKiPSj 
pvXuTTOfjbBvog Uifj hoKOtrj ^ivynvy oKk' ev^vofgov &ymy 
2fe»a raJ r[Kiof ovo\ikvof ug Totg lyyvTccrcj Kaff^ag rovg 
TgofTOvg g'Xfify KUTBaKtivaaiyj g| m hfig^cccrro vtco rov 
iocffiTjKOv ffrgocrevfJbocrog kou ocvra ra icTro rSv oIkiSv 
;yXa. ol [ih ovv TCgZroi o^Lojg rgoTcf nv) IffrguroTS- 1 7 
UOffavTOy ol is vffTBgoi (TKorouoi 'Tgoaiovreg, oltg gryyp^a- 
*09 eKOffTOiy YivTJZpvTOy KOU Kguvy^v TToTJjjv ItoIovv 
taXovyreg ccTOJiKovg^ aiffre kou rovg 7roX6[Jijiovg aKoveiv 
van ol [dih lyyvraroc rSv TroXefJbiafu kou i(pvyov he 
rSv GKrivojiMTOtiv, ^rfkov 8g Tovro rjf vcrrsgulof lymro'lS 
wr% yag v'roZpytov W ovhh l<pdivfi^ ovti ffrguro^giov^ 

50 LIB. n. CAP. m. 

ovTB xaTvog ovhaiijov ^rTjiffiov. l^S'jrXoiyvj 8g, ig mxs, 
Kou ^ccfftXevg rri i(po6oj rov ffrgurevfiocTog, iS^Xa/ffg 11 

19 rovro oTg rjj varBguia eTgurre. Tgoiovffrig ybivroi t^ 
pvxrog Tuvrrjc^ xa) rolg "KXhjfft <p6^og \^/j'7rixrii^ xai 
^ogv^og xoci iovTTog Jju^ ohv Btxog (pS^ov ifi^'Tiriaovrog 

^Oytyusff^ut. KXeug^og II ToKi^iifjv 'HXeToVi ov Wvy- 
XoovBv 'iyfifP TTocg iccurof xfjgvxa £§sffTOv rSv rors^ rov- 
rov uPBiTreiv ixsXBVffe, fftyfjy xaro^KTjgv^avra^ ort Tgo- 
ocyogevovfftu o! cL^ovrzg^ og av rov gl(Pbvtoc rov ovov 
ilg roi oVXa [Mrjvvarj^ on yJj-^percct fJbtff^ov rdXavrov 

2lo^gyvPiov. gTgi il rocvroc ixtj^vy^fi^ lyvuaav ol arour 
riSrut on ^gi'o^ o (p6(ioc sir} xai ol a^ovrig aSoi. 
oifJifOc is og^gco TTOcgfjyyBtXBv 6 Kxiu^^og iig rd^iv ra 
o'ttKoc ri^Sff^ai rovg "EKhjvag ^Treg iir/jiv org ?v ^ 


l"0 Sg J^ gyga-J/a on ^aaCKivg h^BTXuyfj r^ i(pS6cf^ 
raie "bTjkov riv. rfi (h\v yag 'jrgoa^ev fj^igo^ myu^rav ra 
oVXa 'JTocgaithovat ixiXsve, rore is oif/joc f}kiof avurek- 

2\ovn xrigvxocg S'^BfJUyps ^gf/ a*?rovhZv. ol J' g^gi JX^ov 
^f oV rovg "TT^o^vKuxag^ iZfjrovv rovg oL^ovroi/;, iTsihii 
il k*7cr^yyiKKov ol Tgo^vKuxsg^ Kxiocg^og^ rv^dv rore 
rag rd^etg iTCiaxo'^rZv^ g«rg rolg 7rgo(p{jKu^t xbKbvbiv rovg 

Sxfigvxag 'TCBgi^hmiv ay^i av (r)(pKdGri, g^g/ Sg Karux- 
rriGS ro argdrevfji^y San xaXSg 'i%Biv ogdff^ai xavrri 
pdXayya Tvxvfjv^ rSv il aoT^Afv (jufjieva xarapocpij 
ehai^ IxakBffe rovg ayysXovg^ xa) avrog rs TrgoijX^e 
rovg rs svoxXordrovg b'yjuv xtii evsihffrdrovg rSv av- 
rov ffrganojrSvj xa) rolg oKKoig argarriyolg ravra 

MB. n. CAP. m. SI 

e(pgoc(rBv. i'TCii 8g riv Tgog rolg ayygXo/^, avij§iru r/4 
^ovKotvro. oi h' 'iKeyov^ on Tigi (TTOvheiy iixouv avSfg^ 
oirtvBg Uavo) hovroct rd re Tuga ^affthkoji rolg "E?c- 
7\jlffiv a^rayyS/Xa/, kou ra ^aga rZv *Eh}J}vctfy ^affiKu. 
6 Ve u'TSKgiPuro^ ' AcrayyeXXerg roipvv avrS on (Ji^d'X^jgS 
hesTpSrov oigiarov yoig ovk gVr/v, ovS 6 roT^riffm vsg) 
GTovoSv KiysiP ro7g "YsKhjfft^ [j^tj Trogttrag &§iarov. ra5-6 
ra aKovGOLvng oi oiyyikoi dTfjKuvvov^ kou yikov rouyy 
(w «a/ 5^ov ?v oVi lyyvg icov ^ccatKBvg fjy^ tj oKKog ng 
Z iviriroLKTO ravra "Tgdrresv' ih&yov ^\ on bIkotu 
ioKo7ev Kiysiv ^aaiKu, Koct riKOizv ^ysf^opocg 'i%ovrig oi 
avrovg^ eav (TTOphoci yipmroLiy a^ovffiv h^^y 'i^ovffi roi 
STiTTjieiou 6 il Tjg&fToc si ocvroTg rotg ocpigdiffi (rmv-l 
ioiTO iovffi KOi dTiovffiv, 7j KUi rolg uKkjoig hotvro 
(TTOpiai. oi Jg, "Atoc/i', g(pa<7aj', f^i^S' ^^ ^ourikH 
rd icd^ vfiSp iiocyysk^^. gcrg/ il ravra glTOv, |U*g-8 
raffrtjffdi^BPog ocvrovg 6 KXiocoypg i^ovKsvero' kou 
iioxst rdg (TTOphdg Toiiloi^ocs raj^t), xus xah' ^avyjoof 
IX^g/v 7g gsr/ rd iTirfjhta xoci Ka^up, 6 il KKiocgxfii9 
glTg, AoKsl fjifh Kdfho) rocvroc ov fh&frot rayj) yg 
dTcayyiT^Ju^ dXkd hdrgi'^o) hr dp okp7J(T6)(tsp oi ay- 
ysKot fhrj dToU^ri ^(up rdg aTOpidg 'X'Otfjffcca^ar oifji^ai 
ye (/^BProty e^fj^ koci rolg ^fji^erigosg (xrgocrwrocsg rop ay- 
rop po^op "^ugea^a^at. gcrgi il siozei xoctgog shut, 
aTTfjyyiKksp on c^rgvSo/ro, xai Bv^vg ^yBla^ai ixiXsve 
TTgog rdTtrfjheiu. Kot oi f^h riyovpro^ EXgaf^og jU^gy-lO 
roi i^ogevero^ rdg (mIp (TTOphdg "^oifjaofJi^BPog^ ro ie trrgd- 
rBVfjba lyfiiP bp rd^et, kou avrog af7rta^o(pv}\jdxsh xoci 
ipBirvY)(fl,POP rd(pgoig xai av'hjuaiv vharog srT^fger/v, atg 
(dffj hvvccff^ai ha^uiPBiP dpev yB<pvgclip' d}X eTosovpro 
hoc(3d(TSig ix rap ^oipixa/v oi TJaap ixTTB^ruxoregy rovg 
5g xui i^ixoTrop. xui ivrav^a tjp Kxiug^op xaroc-ll 
Ubo^ilp ojg iTnardni^ &f fji^h r^ dgtffrsgd XBigi ro iogu 

52 LIB. n. CAP. III. 

S%afy, iv is rJj is^iZ ^ocKrtjgiav koc} i*i rig avrSi ^OKoin 
rm TTgog rovro Tiray^hivav ^Xaxsvsip^ IkKsyoi^evog rov 
iTtTfjhiOv IVa/o'gy aV, xoci ufji^oc avrog "^goaikufJij^avev 
iig rov TTfjkov i^L^dimv aiars Traffic aicr^vvrp/ Btvus jM/j) 

12 ov (TvaxovidZjifv, Koci ira')^aav (hh Tgog avrov ot 
TgidixovTa 'irfj yeyovorsg' l^si 5g xoct KXia^ov iofgrn 

13 ffTovhdZpyrocj ^jcgoatk&fj^^avov xui oi Tgea^vr^goL 'jco- 
"Kv ^\ ihS,Kkov 6 KXiagxfl^ hTsvhv, vTOTrevojy (hri ag/ 
otirot) "rTjjgSig shoes roig rd<p§ovg vhurog" ov yoig Jjv &ga 
oioc TO T^iov ofhesv oTX hoc ^fj TToKKa '^gopamsTO 
Toig "KKhjat 5g/va eig r^v srofg/av, rovrov mxu ^ocat- 

14Xga V'jratTTBvsy iTt ro Tih'ov ro vhcjg a<pst»ipas. to- 
gev6[Jb&fot il ocpUovro elg xa/fjbocgy o^bv aTg^g/lav Oi ^ys- 
fhmg Koc[Jif^<iveiv ra Wirfjhetoc. hrjv ^g airog ToXvg^ 
Koi divog pomxojPj xoct o^og g-vf/^yrov utto rSv avruv. 

ISocvrou ^g a/ ^AKolvoi tSv (poivUojv^ olocg /xgv h rolg 
^^Kkri(Jiv lariv ihTv, rolg oUirocsg utskupto, as is 

T07f hitTTOTOitg CCTCOKii^fjiVOH fjffOCP amXBKTOS^ ^aVfiidr 

ffiui ro xaKkog xoci ro (Jbiye^ogy ^ il oypig fjKexrgov 
ovhh J/g(pgf g* rag 5g ripag ^jjgaivovreg rgayf}(Jbara asrg- 
ri^saap, xa) Ijy xat ?rag'a Torov ^lu (Ji*hj xB^aXaX- 

I6ylg U. Iprav^a xa) rov iyxi(pa\ov rov (poivixog t^o;- 
rov s^ayov ot argariZrai^ xal ot sroXXo/ s^av/juaffav 
ro ri ^og xa) rtjv ihorfjra rrjg fi^ov^g. riv Jg (y(p6i§a 
xat rovro xe<paXaXyeg. 6 U (polvt^^ oSsv g|a/f g^g/;? o 
iyxi(pa'Kog^ oKog avaiviro. 

17 'EvraD^a 'i^hiivav ri(^Bgag rgstg' xat Ta^a (LzyoKov 
^afftXiatg fjxe 'Tt(T(Ta(pBgvT}g^ xat 6 rJjg (iaatXiofg yvvat- 
xog ahXpog^ xat aKkot Ueoaat r§s7g' lovXot ie ToXKot 
ei'jrovro. iicii Sg aici^riGav avrolg oi rZv ^YXKrivojv 
argarriyoi^ eksye ^rgSrog Tt(j(ja<pigvrig it ig(/f7jvia)g 

ISrotdis. 'Ey^, aJ avhgBg"'EXXTjyBg^ yBiratv oixS rrj 'EX- 
Xdhf xat BTBt vfjbag Bthov Big ToXXa ;(a;i(a xat afjbfj- 

UB. n. CAP. m. 53 

[jjfjv Tragd (iocfft}\£eug oclTfjaaa^oci^ lovvdct i^ho) UToaoiffai 
vfJbog tig rriv 'EXXaSo. oi(JU(x,i yag av ovx a^af/Wo^ 
/xo/ ex'^tv ovTB %'gog v[/tc!iv ovn Tgog rrjg 'Tcdarig *EX>ia- 
iog. ravra is yvovg rirovyui^v ^uatXioc^ XiyofP ocvr^ 19 
on isKociag &v (Jbos %af /^o/to, ors uvroi Kvgov n STia^ 
Tgocrevoyroc TCgSkog riyyiiKa^ ku) /3o^^g/av i%ojv £(/i*a tJJ 
kyyiKitL apiz6(jtjfjv^ kou fhovog rSv Kocra rovg "1^70\3fivag 
Teray(Jtjiyetfv ovk e^vyov^ aKka hfjXocau xai avvkyui^a 
^(KTiKii h roi vfj^erigof (rrgaroTiictf, h^a ^uaiKsvg aft- 
KsrOj gTg/ KSgov ccmznm^ xoci rovg ^vv J^vgcu ^ocg^dr 
§ovg Ihiof^u avv rolahz rotg ^ocgovfft vvv fji^er if/jov, oi" 
^eg au76i il<Ti TiffToruTot, Kui Tcigi f/fh rovTGjy VTur-^O 
XfTO fios ^ovXevtraa^ar ig^ff^ui hi fj^z vfji,ag iKihAvasv 
ih^ovTd^ rivog hvcsv largarivaciTi W ocvrov, xat av^ir- 
^ovTiBvoj vfMv i^ergiag aTOXgsvouT^ai, tuoc (/i*oi svTgupc- 
Toregov ^, lay n ivm/Jifat aya^oif vfMv "jrocg uvtov 
hoc'Tgdc^oca^at, ^^gog ravra [^sraardivreg oi ''EX?i^vg$21 
k^ovXsOoyro' xai aTVcgimvro^ KXiug^os 5' ekeysp^ 
'HfjifBTg otire avvifh^ofhiv dg ^ocatXei T6k&(JUfj(T0prsg, oiir 
i'TogBvoiJtjB^oi It) ^octTi'Kiocj aXkoi xoKkdg 'Trgopdasig 
JLvgog svgiGK&f^ ag Koct ffv ev ota^oc^ im vf^Sig rg acros- 
goffKBvciffTovg Xdi(iot xoci ^fJbog ip^dhs duocydyoi, g^g/22 
(dfivroi fjhf] UVTOV lojgafhiv h hsvS oWa, ^(TxJvp^fdtBv kou 
^iovg xai (XAf^goj*JCovg 'jrgohovpoci uvtop^ iv tZ 'Trgoa^sv 
'/oopo) 'S'ocgexoPTeg fjfjijug ocvrovg iv 'ttohIv. Its) he K5-23 
gog Ts^p/jxiPy ovTi (Baff/Xg? uPTtTOiovfJbi^a Trig ocgx^g^ 
ovT 'iffTiP OTOv heKU ^ovKoi(Jue^' up t^ ^atriXeafg x^ 

guv KUKcig "^OlUP^ Ovi' UVTOV UTOPCTBtVUl UP B^SkOlfAeVj 

'XogBvoifhi^u S' UP oiKuh^ u Ttg f^hug fjb9j Kvjroifj' uh- 
xovvru fji^evTOi Tcsiguaofiji^u avv Tolg ^Bo7g uf/^vvuff^ur 
SUV fjAvToi Tig ^(Jbug ku) w '^oiSv v^ugxp^ «a/ tovtov 
ug ye ivvu[/^iv ovx i'^'^^jaofjifS^u bv TotovvTsg. 6 [ih 

54 iiB. n. CAP. IV. 

2^ovrojg glcrgy axovaocg 5g o Ttff<Toc<pe§vr}g *ipti^ TaiJra 

• |M»gp^/ 8' av iyd) TiKoj as a'rovhu) fhivovruv' ityooav Sg 

25fnfjiig 'Tca^^ofkiv. KUi eig fuv rfiv iffrsgociocy ovx tl^czr 
oia^' 0i"EkXring i(p§6yriZpy' rrj hi TgtTri riKm zkiysv^ 
OTt huTS'jrguyfAevog ii^ot Tagoi ^ccfftXsctfg io^^vui ai/rZ 
ai)X^w rwg "YXknvdg^ kclItci^ ncavv *]coWZv kvrCkiyov- 
rofv^ ug ovK a^tov ii'tj ^uffiXeT a(pB7ms rovg i(f! iocvrov 

26 (TTgocrevffaiJijsyovg, riXog il iiTS^ Kut vvu e^sarty ufuv 
'TTiffTOL Xaj3g?v ^af ' fiytjZv^ tj [/jTjv (piXtuu ^af g|g/^ v/mv 
Tjju x^fgav x>ai khokojg uToi^siv Big r^v 'ETyAaSa, uyo- 
fav 'JTugex'^vrocg' otov S' av fhrj ri ^f/acS-a/, Kufh^A' 

27P€i)f vyijSig \k rfe ^^fa^ \&ao^hBV roi iTirTjhsa. vyuSig 
S' av f^iAv iefjffst ofjuoffut, fj fJtjTjp ^ofgygcS-a/ dg hoi (pi- 
Kiag MivSg^ atru zoci Toroi Xui/j^ocvovrag^ wdrav {/^^ 
ayo^av 'Tca^B'/jijfhiv^ rjv Sg Tugix'^l^^^ ayo§div^ djvoviiB" 

28vovg e^Bip roi BTirfj^Bta. rocvroc gSo|g, Kut oi^juoaav zui 
h^toig Bhoffo^p Ttff(roc(pB§vf}g zut 6 rrjg jiuffiXBCtjg yvvcciKog 
•a5gX<poV rolg rZv 'YXXrivojv ar§arriyo7g za) Xoxoiyoig^ 

29 KOI.) Bka^ov ^afa rSv 'FXKfjvctfy. (/jBroi il ravroc T/c- 
(Ta<pB§yf3g bUtb^ i^vv fMv S^ ci'7rBi(n dg fiocfftXBa' gcrg/5av 
^g htwTgdi^ctfiLut a iBO[^uiy Tt^oj GVdKBvctGoifJjBvog^ dig 
aToi^ctfv vfjjSig Big r^v 'ET^aSa, Koi avrog cc7rt&)p i*7c\ 
ryjv BfkOLvrov k^yjiv* 


1 Mgra raSra TBg/B/d^BPoy Tt(rffoc(pB§vr}y o7 rB "Ek'hjvBg 
xat 'Agtoctog^ lyyvg aXX^}^v largaroTBlBvi^mi^ ^[Jbigocg 
*jcXBiovg ri B'izoaiv. h hi ravrocig apxvovvroct ^^gog 
'AgiocTov Kou oi cc6bX(Po) kcc) oi aXXoi aPuyxa7ot^ kou 

LIB. II. CAP. IV. 55 

Tgog rovg avv iKzivoj HigaSy rmg^ Tuge^dppwov rg zoci 
ie^tag mot Tuga ^acrtXeafg e^Bgov^ (ju^ fJijPTjfftxuzrjffitp 
^ocfftXiu ccvTo7g rfjg avv Kugcj BTiffrpareiocg^ (Jij/jSe aXkov 
[jjfjhvogrSv Tocgaxfjf^Bmp. rovr&fvol yiyvoybkvoov^ 'ivhri-^ 
Koi Tiffuv ol Tefi 'AgtuTov yittov ^^rgoaexovrBg rotg "EX- 
Tjyo"/ rov vovr Sffrs ku) S/a tovto roJg f/jh ToXXoTg 
rSv ^YXTJ^vojv ovk IjgBffxov^ aKkoi Tgoffiovrsg ru K>v5- 
ag^ gXgyov Kou role oiKkoig argurriyotg^ T/ (Jijivofjuiv ;3 
^ OVK i'TTKTTOLfjjt^a oTi ^uffiXevg fifjjSig ccTCoXitrui av ^g^/ 
'TravTog tcoitiguito^ JVa tcou rolg oiXkotg "KXKfjcrt (pS^og 
^ I'sri ^uffiXiu luyotv (rrgareveiv ; KOii vvv (Av ri^Sig 
tJcraygra/ i^miv ha ro hzaTug^ai avrS ro ffrgdrsv- 
^JjOC iTCOLV Sg TaX/v aX/c^pj avroi fj (rrganoi, ovk hriv 
O'JTojg ovk Wi^fjffeTai iifuv. hct/g il 'jtov ^ aTToaKaTrsi 4^ 
Ti, ^ kncoriiyjZ^i^ ojg d'TCOgog ri fi ohog. ov ydg totb 
hem yg ^ovXyjffeTUi ^(/jug iX^ovrccg elg rfiv 'EX?vaSa 
acrayyg/Xa/, dg ^(/^stg, roaoi^e ovreg^ lvtK&}[Lsv top (iocffi- 
Xioc W) raig ^vgatg uvrov^ kol) KccrayiXdaccvrig a'TrriX- 
^oyijiv. KXeugxog II ccTCiKglvaro ro7g tocvtu XiyovcriVyS 
'Kydt b^vfJboviMocs [JIjIv Kut tocvtu Toina,' IvpoS V ots 
g/ vvv aV/jU^gJ', io^ofjbBv I'lr) ';roXi(Jbaf axievoci Kut ^pragoi 
Toig (TTovidg Toiitv. Itbitu tt^Stov ^h ayogdv ovhtg 
Trafg^g/ ^jM/?^, ovhl o^bv kfrifftTtovfJijB^oc' ocv^ig hi 6 fiyri- 
(TOfjjBvog ovhB^g BffTocr ku) &[loc tuvtu ^^oiovvtcov fiyijZv 
Bv^g 'AgiuTog aipgcr^lg/* Scttb <p(Xog fiyiAv ovhig Xb- 
XBi-KpBToct, aXXa koci ol 'Tirgoa^Bv ovtbc^ 'TCoXBybm ^(jijJv 
SffovToct. TCOTUfJijog ^ bI (JjBv Tig Koi dXXog oiga ^(uvG 
IffTS iioc^uTBog^ OVK olioc' Tov S' ovv Ei(pfaT;jv o'iiocfjbBv 
or/ ocivvocTov hoc^^vui^ kuXvovtojv mKBfjjim, ov [ih S^, 
av yijd%Ba^oci yB Sgjy, /V^g?? bIgiv fiybiv ^vi^i^ocxoti tSv 
5g "^oXBfJbiav InrnrBig Biaiv ol ttXbJcttos koci TrXBtaTov d^tor 


5g ovhivu oHov TB acSijmi. By a) f^h ovv ^uffsXBoc^ m*1 

56 LIB. n. CAP. IV. 

otirof TToKkdi icrn roi (TVfh^hdX'^ ^^'^^f 'Jt^o^^urou 
r^ijoig osTOA6(rai, ovk oi^d 0,7/ }iu avrov hyiioaou kou 
^s|iav ^ovvdi xd) ^iovg hTTiOgxijffui kou ra iocurov 
"^iffToi oirsffru TOtfjaocs "lE>Jjj<Ti re xou ^ocg^agotg, 
rotavru 7ro}J\,oi fiXgygv. 
8 'El' Sg rovrat ijzs Tiiffcrocpigp^jg 'i'/juv rijif laurov Si- 
vu^hiv^ a)g eig oIkop U'jcim^ kou 'Ogovrug t^p iauroS Ju- 
voc(jjtv' riye 5g kui rfjv ^vyurigoc r^v fiocfftXiofg ItJ 
dydfJi^ctf. gyrgCQ-gi/ Sg tjhTj Tiff(ru(pigvovg ^yovfjbsvou kou 
ocyogav 'jrugix^vrog Wo^ivovro' i'X'ogevero he kou 'A§i- 
ouog TO Kvgov ^ocg^ocgiKOv 'ixm argoirevfjbu &f/*OL T/<r- 
(Ta(pegyet kou ' Of W(f , koci ^vueargaroTreheviTO trvv ixu- 

lOvoig. ol Sg "KKXyjvig v^ogmrsg rovrovg avroi ip' lay- 
tSp gj^^fouv, fiyzfjisovag e-xfivreg. iar§aro'r%6ivovTO h\ 
eKMroTB axixopreg ctTOjfkup 'XugoLadyyriP kou fjustop' 
i(pv\oirropro h\ a(Jb(p6rBgoi S^tbo voTs^yuiovg k>JJiKovg, 

1 1 KOU iv^vg rovro vTO-^^iocp TUPBrx'iP. more hi Koct |yAi- 
ZpfjijBPOi Ik tov uvtov^ kou yfi^op kou uKkoc rotocijra 
^vKKiyopreg^ ^^XTjyoig hirnpop a}JjjKoig' Strrz kou rovro 

l^'iy^gap ^ag'g?%g. hnX^oureg hi rgetg arcc^fjuovg upi- 
Kopro 'Tcgog ro Myihiag KockovfiBuop ref^og^ kou 'Trugijk' 
^op iho) avrov. Jjp hi ojKoho^hrifjjipov vTjp^oig OTrougy 
h cuj<p(i.'Kroj KSif^epoug^ wgog* itKoai ToheSp, vyj^og hi 
hcocrop' fjjfJKog h' IXeyero ehai elKOffi TctgocffuyyUr 

ISarex^i hi ^cc^vXojpog ov ttoKv. ipnu^sp V eTogev^ 
ffup (Tra^fjijovg hvo^ xccgocffdyyocg OKrat" kou hii^fjaap 
hitkfgi/Xfi^g hvo^ rTjp (hh i'Tn yB(pvgocg9 rijp h' iZ^ivyyiApfiP 
TrXolotg BTroi' ocvroct h' fjffup octo rov Tiiygfjrog ncoroir 
fjifOv' KOLrBrBrfkTipro hi g| avrup kou roi(ppOi i^ri r^p 
X&f§ocp^ a/ fJi^BP TTgcHrat (j^Byakat^ BTTBtroc h BKurrot^g' 
rBkog hi KOU fkiKgo) ox^roij oiaxBg bp r? 'EXXaX/ irt 
rug [ABXiPug' Kut upxi^ovprou It) rop Tiygtjru Tora- 
Utop' 'Ttgog u TToXig tip (JbByuhj kou 'jroXvdp^goincog^ § 

LIB. II. CAP. IV. 57 

oi'O/xa ^srrdxfjj axg^oyo-a rov ^icoTa^fjOv araViovg srgy- 
Texoctiexou ol fjt^h olv "EXX^jvg^ era/ avr^v Itrz^PTjaaif^ 14. 
iyyvg xocgocieiaov (JbeyoiXov xa) xaKov xai ioccriog 'srocv- 
Toim ^iv6§m' oi 5g (idg^ugoi hu^e^Tjxorsg rov T/y- 
gfjTd ov (Jbivroi xocru<pocmg ritrocv. u^erci 5g ro leiTvoPls 
'iruypv h TegiTuTcj ovrsg tt^o tSv w'Kmv Hoo^Bvog xoci 
Egi'0<pfi7v xat TgoffsX^dv av^^ajTCog rig fjg&fTfjffB rovg 
'X'gopvXaxug ttou uv s^oi Hgo^evov f] KXia^X'^v Mg- 
»6fya is ovx iZ^^rei^ xoci tocvto, srag>' 'Agsocsov m rov 
"Mkvmog ^mv. Its} he Ugo^svog eiTrev on avrog zlfijUQ 
ov ZjTF^g^ bIttsp £p^ga)Tog roih. "ETTBf/jypi (Ji^s 'Af/- 
ccsog xoci ^ A^dcoZpg^ Tnaroi ovrsg Kv§&f xoci vfuv etipoij 
xoci xsKevovtri (pvKocTTsa^at fifj vfM» Wt^Siyrut rjjg 
vvxrog oi ^dg^ocgor hri ^g (rrgoirsvi^oc toKv iv rS 
'ffknaiov 'ff'ugociBiff&t. xoci ttoc^oc t^v yB<pvguy rov T/y- 1 7 
gfjrog '7rora(hov mi^^poct xsKeOoufft (pvKuxrjy, ug hocvosT- 
roci ocvrtjv Xvffat TLt(7ffu<pigprig rijg vvxrog, iocv ivvrjroci, 
ig [Lfj 5/aj3?rg, ocKk* iv (iAcfoj ocToXj>jfi^rB rov Toroc- 
fdfoS xui rrig hoj^v/fig, ocxovffocureg rocvru oiyovcrtv 18 
ocvrov Tocgoc rov KXiugX'^^i ^^' (pgdZpvfftv & 'hkyn, 6 Sg 
KXeocgx,og uxovffag irocgdx^^ ff(p6h§oc xoci g(poj3g/TO. 
veocviffxog il rig rSv *7roc§6vra)v morjcrocg utciv, ug ovx\^ 
ocxoKov^oc uri ro re h^i^rjffBff^oci xoci Xvffetv rfjv yecpv- 
^v. ifjkov yocgj on iTcm^ifJijivovg 7i vixoiv hsTjasi ^ ^r- 
rouT^oci. lav filv ovv vixSori^ ri h7 ocvrovg Kvstv r^v 
yi^vgocv ; ovh\ yocg^ av ToKkai yk(pv§oci miv, sx^ti^sv 
uv OTFoi (pvyovrzg ^[justg ffoj^eifjuBv. Idv le ^{^Big vtxS-QO 
(JiiBv^ KBXvfJtjBvrjg rrig yB(pv^ag ov% B^ovfftv ixsJvoi O'tcoi 
^vyofdiv ovie fAfjv ^ori^rjaoct^ ttoKKSv ovrm mgav, ov- 
ieig ocvrolg ivvfjffBrui, XBXvfJbBVTjg rf,g yB(pv§ocg, axov-Ql 
(jfag 5g KXgaf%o^ ravroc Tjoero rov ayyeXov, Toarj ng 
Bi'fj %^fa ^ Bv fhBffof rov Tiygrjrog xui r^g hcugv^og^ 
6 is bIttbv on ^roTJjjy xui xS[/*ui miffi xui 'JcokBig toX- 

58 LIB. II. CAP. IV. 

22XaJ KUi (hiyoKai. rore lij xat iyvoHT^fj in oi |3af- 
^agot rov civ^^otyrov v^om^-^ouiv^ oxpovyreg fjbjj oi 
"YS^rivzg h^Xovrsg rnv yefvgav (^evotev h rri vfjff&fy igih 
fjtiuru exovr^g h^sv [jusp top Tiygfjrcc^ Ip^sp is rtjp itoh 
f^of, ra y i'TiTfjhia 'ixoisp he rijg h /^effcf 'Xfi'gag^ 
TroKhjjg xui aya^fjg ovcrig^ xui tSp Igyoccrof/jepofP Ipop- 
TOfPy Cira 5g Kou ocTOffTgoffj yepotrOf si' ng ^ovkoiro 

23|3ac/Xga xaxSg 'jtoibip. [Leroi ravroc ocPSTavopro' sttI 
f/ApTOi r^p ysfvgup Ofhofg ^vkaK^p ixsytt'^OLP' koi outs 
Wi^iTO ovhk ovia[Jb6^ep, ovrs T^og rrjp yipvgup oth 
ieig ^?i^g rip 'jroKsfj^iOfP^ atg oi ^vKdrropreg aTfjyyeX- 

2^Kop. gTg/S;? 5* ea/g \ymro^ iii^aipop t^p ye^vgocp iZj^vy- 
[Jbiprjp 'Tc'Koloig rgiuxoproc ku) eTra^ atg olop re fMiKiffra 
'r6(pvKay[jijipafg' l^tjyyeKKop ydg rspsg tSp Traga T/<r<ra- 
(pigpovg *EKkfiP6jPy 6)g iicc^ocmprcjp (JbiXKoup i'srs^ffsff- 
^ai. otKka ravru (Jbh yj/svi^ m' hu^uipoprcjp fjuiproi 
6 Y\ovg avroTg Wi^dpri [juer aXkofP, ctko'^Sp u ha^oci- 
poisp top xora(ji*6p' STeiiij il eHhp, oiy(}ro (fxikctvprn. 

25 ' A?ro 5g rov TiygTjrog i'X'ogsv^Tjffocp (rru^fjbovg rir- 
ragug^ va.goi^ayyocg BiKOffiP^ g^/ rop ^vaxop 'srorufJitOPj 
ro svgog ^rT^^gov Itt^p 5g yipvga. xa) iprccv^a ixu- 
TO ToXig [Jbeyukfj^ h ovofJi^u^ClTng' Tgog tjp ocTfiPrfjtn 
rolg "EKkyjffiP 6 Kvgov xas 'Agroc^sg^ov po^og aXgX^, 
aTTo ^ovffeup ku) '^x^aroipap trrgurtoip TroX^Jjp aym 
atg ^ofj^fjffofp ^ufftkel' ku) i'jnffrrjffocg ro iocvrov arga- 

*26rsv(hOL, 'Tca.gigr^ofiApovg rovg "EXX^a^ l^g^^g/. o 2g 
KXgaf%oj fiystro fjt^h iig ivo, BTTOgevBro Jg £>^Xort 
xui aKKors ipardi^spog. oaop Sg 'x^opop ro ^yovfJifS- 
pop rov (Trgarev(Ji*ocrog iTsar^ffSiSj rotrovrop tip icpoiyxfj 
Xg^vop it okov rov argartv(Mx,rog y/yvgc^a/ r^p e'ritr- 
rocffiP' &ars ro argoirBV[j*oc xai avrolg ro7g "EXX^i 
io^ui 'jrdi^ToXv upou^ xai rop Iligfffjp hcrs'xTSj^cu 

27 ^satgovpr a. iprsv^BP ie i'Togsv^fjffap ha r^g M^iag 

LIB. II. CAP. V. 59 

ffTu^lJbodg igfjfJifOvg g|, Tragocaoiyyocg rgidzovru^ eig ra^ 
Uaguffdrthog Kotfjijag rrjg Kvgov kci) (iounKscjg (Jijfjrgog, 
ravrag Ts(r<roc(pi§vrjg Kvg&f Wsyyskojv hug'^cccrai roiig 
'EKKi^ffiy imrgBypB^ 'Tckriv ayhguTcihcjy. hrjv 5g alrog 
"xdkvg^ Kd) Tgo^ocroc, xa) oiKkcc ')(gf3(Ji*ocroc evTSv^sv S'28 
lTOgsv^9!<Tocif ara^ijbovg i^^hovg rirrocgocg^ 'Tra^ocadyyag 
elxoffi^ TOP T/yf^ra Torufjijoy h agtffrsga exovTsg. iv i\ 


^zyakn Kou ivbai^ijojv^ ovofka JLaivut\ g§ fjg ol ^dg^oc- 
go$ ii^yov It/ (rzBiiutg h(p^egivccig dgrovg^ rvgovg^ ohov. 


Msra ravroc apKvovvTon Its top 'LwroiTuu Toraf^oPj 1 
TO evgog rerroigay 'zrXe^gwv. koi hrat^tx, 'ifjijetyup ^[^e- 
gocg rgetg' h Sg ravraig vToypiai (Jbh fjffuv, (puvegoi is 
ovhiyuiot, ipalvsro eTt^ovTJj. eio^ev ovv ru l^id^oj2 
i^vyyivka^ui ru Tia(ru(pi^vsi^Ku)^ii Tojg hvvasro^'jravffoci 
rag vvo-^iag^ 'jrgh g| ocvrSp nrokifjijov yina^ar xat 
gVg/x%//g riva Igovvra on ^vyyivia^ai avru %f??^o/. 
dg Iroifijag sx^iKsviv j^kssv. BTBtif] il ^vptjK^ov^ XsyeiS 
6 KXioigxfi^ rdiB. 'Ey^, &i T/co-a^gfv?;, oTSa (jbh ^(Jblv 
ogxovg ysyevfjfjijmvg kou 2g|/ac ^B^ofmvug ^rj ociiKfjaBtv 
oe}JjjXovg' (pvKuTrofhivoy i\ ci rs ogS ojg ToKBfiwvg 
r^Mg^ xui ^(jtjsTg ogSpTzg rocvra uvri(pvKuTT6[jbe^a. b^jtb) 4 
^ ffKOTrSv ov ivifa[Jboci ovtb (jI aiff^Bff^oct 'ttbi^ojilbvov 
fl(i*Sig KuzZg tcoibHv^ ly&f tb actpSg oiia on fjfjijBlg yg 
ovS B'Tivoov[JIjBv roiovTov ovhBVi sio^B fjifOi Big Xoyovg aos 
gX^gS', wojg^ b1 ivvaifhB^u^ B^iKoifiBV aTOJikuv rrjv asr/c- 
rioLV. Kou yoig osha uv^^oj'Trovg fjhfj^ rovg (ih Ik hoc.' 5 
QoX^g, rovg il koi g$ v'jro'^iug^ o? (po^fj^BvrBg a^KkfiXovg^ 

60 LIB. n. CAP. V. 

p^dffcct ^ovkof^ivoi Tf/V sra&g/i', iTToiriaav at^fjxeffra 
xupca rovg olire [jbiXKovrug otir av ^ovXofjbmug rotov- 
6roy oufiiv. rag ovv rotavrag a.ymfkoavv(tg vofi^i^m 
ffvvovfftutg fhuKKJTu civ Tuued^oci^ i^koj^ koci hidffzeip gb 
l^ovKofJijai dg av fifiAV ovk og^cHg dTrtarsTg. t^Ztov [ih 
ydg Koct (jbiyKTroVy oi ^bSp ^(hoig ogxoi KoSkvovat 'jro- 
'ksfjijiovg elmt dXkfjKoig' oarig Sg rovTuv avvoiiev uvrZ 
TTocgrjfjtjskrjK&fg, rovrov hyof ovtot av svioci[Jbovi(rui[Jifi. 
Tov ydg ^eSv ToXsfJbov ovk olioc olir d^ro Totov av ra- 
Xovg (pevyot^y rig dTopOyos, ovr ug icoiov av axorog 
dTohgairj^ otJ3-' O'Toug av iig ix^S^^ X'^S^^^ dToaraifj, 
*jcdvTri ydo tuvtu ro7g "^Botg vicoyjx,^ xai cravra;^^ srav- 
Srofv hov Oi ^eot Kgurovat. crgf/ [Jbh ijj rSv ^iSv n 
fcoct rSv.ogKOfv ovTO) yiyvaKTfcojj Tag o7g fifhug ttjv ^t- 
TJav avv^ifJijBvot Kare^e(JbBha' rSv i' dv^gcjTivofv ffl 
lyai h rZ Tagovn vo(/i*iZftf f/jiyttrrov Btvai fifJAV aya^ov. 
9 am (hiv ydg ao) Taca jO^gv o6og evTogog, icdg Jg Trora- 
[Jbog ha^arogy rSv rs iTsrfjistcifv ovk ocTogia' dvsv 8g 
ffov Tatra (jijIv hd trxorovg jj ohog' ovilv ydg avrrig 
Wicrrdi^i^a' Ta^ Sg Torafjuog ivffTrogog^ cra^ il oy^og 
(po^sgog^ (pojisgararov S' i^yuia' (JbearTJ ydg ?roXXfe 

lOaTogiag iariv. el hi 5?) Kui (havivreg a\ Karaxretvat' 
fhiv^ dXko rs dv i', rov evegyerfjv KaraxTiivavrig^ Tgog 
(iocffiXia rov (^eyiffrov e<peloov dyavsZpifJt^e^a ; oa&fv U 
itj Ka) olm dv IXTihm ifji^avrov (rrB^aaifhi, si ffi n 

llzaxov Wixj^iofjaaii/^i toibsv^ ravra Xe^eif. iya) ydg 
Kyfov lTS^v(Ji*fj(Ta (Ji*oi (piXov ygvgc^a/, vo(hlZfi)v r£v 
rore ixavcjrarov uvai iv Tonlv ov ^ovKoiro' al Sg vvv 
ogS rfjv Tg Kvgov ivva[Liv xa) %^f av g%ovra, xa) rfjv 
(Teavrov a^^v c^^ovra, rtjv ie ^affiXwg ivvafJbiv, S 
Kvgog TCoXifkio^ ^xg^jroj cfo) ravrTjv |v|U»/xa;^ov ovcrav. 

\2rovrojv Sg roiovruv ovruv, rig ovro) fj^amrai oartg ou 
^ovXerai (xoi (plKog elvat ; aXXa (ji*jjv, igS ydg xa) ravra^ 

UB. II. CAP. V. 61 

15 iv BX^ sk^rilug xai (re fiov}J](Te(r^u$ ^tXov tifiAV ehur 
oliha (Jblv yag vfjbiv Mvffovg KvTtjPOvg ovra?, ovg i/0fe»/-13 
Zctf av (Tvv rri TCd^ovtrri ivvoi(/i*ei raTetvoug vybiv Tragu- 
fl^g/V, olicc a xoci Uiffiiocg' Uzovoj ^l kuI olXka B^vfj 
croXXa rotavToc ehcct^ a olfLut aif Tavffat ivox'^ovvroc 
ael r^ vfjberiga svhoct(JtjOvt(f. Aiywrrsovg Jg, oJg fjbd" 
KiffTu vfjbag vvv ytymffzcj ri^vfLufiAvovg^ ov% 6§S sro/a 
ivpafJi^es (rvfjtjfjboixaf yoriadiijzvoi (IjOlKKov av KoKaaia^i 
Tfjg vvv (Tvv l(Lo\ otifffjg. uKKa (Jt^TJv h yg rotg crgf/| oU 14 
Kovai ct), u [Jtih (iovKoio r<a (pikog glva/, ag ^lytarog av 
g/?7^5 u 5g rig fl-g XvTcoin^ a>g hsffTorrig avu(rr§i(poto 'ixm 
ni^^oig vTTjgirocg, di aoi ovk av rov (Jtjtff^ov hexu [Jbovov 
vT7jgero7[j(*svj oKkoi xoci rrig xoi^irog ^g^ ffof^iyrBg wo 
(Tov, aoi av 'ixoifJbiv ^uaiojg. ifd^oi [jijIv ifj rocvrcc vdvTu, 15 
h^vfhovfkzvoj oiirotf ioKst ^ocvfJi^ocffTov shut ro a\ ii^Civ 
ccTTiarziv^ mri ku) rihar av aKOvffon^i ro ovoiiiO.^ rig 
otirojg iffri htvog Xiyuv, oitrre <7g crgTca/ Xeyatv eig fj^hiig 
ffoi i'JTifiovKevoiJtjSv. KXgagx^^ [JIjIp ovp rotrocvra glVg* 
TifftTupigvfjg il ^Sg U'Tcrni^zt^^ri' 

'AAA' iiiofjbut yiAv^ St KXgaf%g, olkovuv aov (pgopi-lS 
(hovg Koyovg' ruvrcc yag yiyvrnKm, gi' ri ifJbo) kockov 
^ovkBvoig^ a/JifU &v [juos loxetg zat Gavru xoczovovg bi- 
vui. dg §' UP fjja^rig on ovS olv vj/jug iixaiajg otire 
(iuatKii ovr Ifjbot ccTCKjroitin^ ccpruKovaop. g/ yag>17 
t5/xaf gj3ot>AOjU»g^a aToXgca/, Toregd aoi ioKOvfJi^ep /V- 
crgfi^/ '^TJj^ovg aTof gS', fj crg^5v, rj OTrKiaiojg^ Ip j7 vf/^g 
(hh ^Xdi'rrup Ikolpo] ellTji/^sp aV, apriTdi(r)(fiiP is ovheig 
Xiplvpog ; aXkd %6;f/ft;v i'jrtrfihia/p vyiip gT/T/^go-S^ailS 
OLTFO^p oip (TOi iopcovfjifev ; ov roauvru f^sp ^gS/a ^[jij7p 
pikta oproc avp toXXoJ xopu S/aTOfgygc^g, roaavra 5J 
0^ vfiHP ogart opra crof gt>Tga, a ^f/4P 'i^etrri TrgoKaroc' 
"koc^ovffip aVofa v[mp icagiy^ip^ roffovrot J* sltri Tora- 
(Jboij g(p' Hv e^^anp fifup rafjifUvzff^oci Mtroig up vump 

62 LIB. n, CAP. V. 

^ouKifA^u /xa%6(7^ai ; siat i* avrZv ovg ovi* av Tay- 

19g/ 5' b 'jTMi rovroig ^rreiiiehoc, aXka ro ye roi Tvg 
xfiirrov rov xocg^ov iffrir oV f^ijug ivvocifji*eh' av xa- 
TocKuvffocuTsg TjfdfOV v[UP icvTird^ai^ Z vf^ug^ ovi' u 

20 'raw aya^oi ei'i^rs, yijuxicr^ou av ^vvdicf^e. ^rSg a» 
ovv ixflvrsg roaovrovg Togovg 'X'gog ro vfiTv TroKBi^stv^ 
Koci TOVTCifP (/i*rjie»oi nfMv iTiKivhvuov^ gVg/ra he rovrm 
vdvruv rovrov av rov rgo^rov g|gXo/jM/g^a, og [jt*6vog fkh 
TTgog ^iSv affgjSiyj, (Jbovog il Tgog av^gS^rm asirxgog ; 

Slsravrasrao'/ is o^mgojv \ar) kou kfhtr^dvojv xai umyxri 
rxfil^^^^h *oti rovrejv ^ovfjgSv^ o'trtvsg e^iXovffi hi It/- 
ogKiag rg "Tgog ^sovg Koi ct^riffriag TCgog av^§ojxovg 
'Ttgdrrsiv n. ob% ovrug ^jU^gfe, 5 KXga^^g, ovrs icKo- 

22 yitrrot ouri ijTJ^wi i(j(hiv. aKkoi ri J^, v^hoig l^ov a^ro- 
Kiffas, ovK iTt rovro 7J}^0(JtjBv ; bv h^i on 6 Ifhog egag 
rovrov cciriog ro rolg "EXX^/v gjU»g TCiarov ygygtr^o/, 
xm a ILvgog avi^Tj ^svtxS ha (j^KT^oiofftocg Tiffrevofv^ 

2Srovrof \fu xocra^ijmi is Bvegyecriug laxvgov. ocra il 
(JbOi v^hiig 'Xgfi(rt(jj0s gffgc^g, roi fih xai av gJrg^, ro II 
f/Aytarov iyd) oihcc' rfjv (/^h yag It/ r^ ze(poc}Ji rtd- 
gocp jSaciXg? fJtiOvof e^sanv og'^v ^g/v, r^jv J' g^/ rri 
xagitcf hot>g £v, v(iMV 'ragovruv^ xa) 'irsgog evTerSg 

24? Tavru UTTok g^|g ru TSj^dgXff ahj^ij Xeystv* xou 
SiTiv^ OvxovVj g(pjy, otrtvsg^ roiovrojv f^Mv tig ^iTJoof 
VTrag^oyrojy^ TUgSvroci hafidXkovrsg ^rosfjaui ^oXe(/i*tovg 

25fi(hdg^ a^ioi g/Vi rd itr/pLra Tra^eTv ; Ka/ lyoj (iAv yg, 
'ipri 6 TiffaapBgvTig^ si jSouXgc^g [loi o7 re (Trgocrfjyoi 
xou oi Koxayo) eh^iiv h roi g/x^ayg?, Tsk^oj rovg ^gog 
ijU/g T^iyovrag ag aii i(Ji^oi in^ovXevetg xocs rJj avv ifhoi 

26(Trguria. 'Eya) Sg, 'iptj 6 KXgag^o^, d^cj *jcdvrag, xou 

270*01 av hrihjuaof oS^gy lyu 'jregi cfov kxovoj. hx rovrm 

UR. n. CAP. V. 63 

5^ rZv \oyav 6 Ti(r(T(z<pegP9jg (piXo^goyovfJiBvogrori fih 

Jg v(TTBgocs(f 6 KXiug%og i}^m ixi to (rrgaroTS^y 8^ 
Xog T Yiv 'jrdvv pXtxSg oiofjbspog huxeiff^ui rSf T/cera- 
(pi§v^^^ Kou & sksysv IxsTvog aTrrjyyiKKsVj 60fj n Y^vtn 
livui Tagoi Tsffffocpegufjv ovg ixsKevffBi xoci cS uv ehByX' 
^Sffi hoc^dcKKoPTBg rSv 'EXX^va/v, ig Tgohorug uvrovg 
3UU KUKOvovg roJg "Eh}jj(yfv ovrag rsfJdofgtj^^ai. wrunC' 28 
nvs ^\ Civm Tov ^/ajSoXXovra Mkvava^ u6oig avrov kou 
(Tvyyiyivrn/iifov Ttaffapigvu \Lir ' Ag^/a/ot;, xtu <rra<r/a- 
^ovra (wrZ Kat hri^ovhsvovra^ 07Co,>g to (xrgoiTevJLOc 
aVav 'srgog iocurov ka(im (ptKog ^ Tiaaapi§¥U. l|3ou-29 
Xgro ie xui 6 KKsagxflg &tu» to (TTgdTiVfJbu Tgog 
iavTov exfiiv Tfjif yifAffj^Tjp^ xou Tovg Tagc^vrovnocg he- 
To^v ehoci. t£» is (TTgocTiofTaiy kvrikv^ov Tmg uvtSj 
(it^ iemi TavTug Toug 'ko%(x,yovg zut OTgUTfiyoug (ifjik 
TTiffTSveiv Ti<T(Tapig»Bi. 6 hi KXiagxfig hxvgSg xaTiTU^SO 
nVf sffTB iiB'jrgdiaTO ^B¥T$ y^h ffTgaTfjyovg livcuy eJxotrt 
il Koxflcyovg' avv^oXov^fjaocp ^ dg eig uyoguv, xa$ 
Tav aXkofV (TTgocTiafTm eig houcoffioi. 

'ETgi Is fiaav st/ ToCig hvgmg Toug Tiffffu^egpovg^si 
oi (Jbh (STg(x,T7iyo) 'xttgvchJ^rpdP Burof^ Tlgo^spog Bo/ah 
Tiog, Mipofv ©grraXof, *Ayiocg ^AgKdg^ KXiagxpg Aa- 
zcifPj ^cjxgccTfjg 'Axaiog' oi ii Koxccyoi iTt TuTg ^v- 

gUig i(JbeVOV. OV ToTJji il V<TT6g0lf OSTO TOO UVT0V32 

iffiyijBiov Oi T 'iviov l^vviKafi^dvovTO^ xut o! g^ xaTexo- 
^rjffov, (ABToi hi Tuvra tSv ^ocg^dgofir Ttpsg i'TTreofv 
hid Tov 'ffshiov iKavvoyTBg, ^Tm ivTuy%dvo$Bv "EXX^jv/, n 
hoiikof ri gXgt»3^gf<w, 'JFoivTO^ hcTStvov, oi hi "EXX^j'g^ Tfjp 33 
T6 i^Taffiay uvtSv i^ay/xa^oi' g« tov aTgocTO'jrihou 
ogeUvTsg^ xui OjTi iTCoiovv ijfipyvoovVy Trgh i^ixagxflg 
'AgKug riKB (pivyavy TtTgojfkmg tig Tfjv youTTigu xa$ ra 
m-egoc iv Toug XBgffh g;^v, xoci glirg tuptu ra ygygi^ 

64 LIB. U. CAP, V. 

S^fjifipoi. he TOvTov Ifj oi "EKhjvsg l^ov Its ra oxKu 
TUPTig hc7r6T7\jjy[jitmtj xut voyi*l^ovrig ui/riKu ri^nif 

SSuvrovg itc) to ar^aroTihov. oi 2^ Toivreg [Jbh ovx 
^X^oy, ^Agtouog il ku) ^AgraoZpg kou M/^^/^ar;;;, o? 
fiaav Kjugcf TtffTorocroi' 6 il rap 'EKkfivanf igfLfp^vg Ipfi 
xou rov Ttffffupigvovg oi^tKpov avv ccuroJg ogSiy xai ysy" 

¥6)(TKiir ^VVflKClkOU^OVV V^ KOU oKkOi UsgffSv TE^OI^ 

SS^trfAipot, ug rgsaKtxriovg. oSroi Wii \yyvg r/trocp^ Tgo- 
(TbT^sip huh&vop u Tig i*in rap ''EKKiiPap fj (rrgarfjyog j 

SlKo^^ayog, hot, k'Kdyyiihjmi rot ^ocgoi ^ocffsKiag, fju&ra 
raSra i^^XS^ov pvhArro^/j&oi rap 'EXX^va;v argarfjyoi 
(hiP K}\£(xvag ^O^ofhmog xat ^o^atpsrog ^rvfL^a- 
Tjog, |i)v aifroTg o^ Sepo<pSp 'A^pouog, oxag (ht^oi 
ra srfifi Yigol^ipov' X&sgiaofog i' irvy^upsp ccrdp & 

3Sxa(jtjp riPi ^vp aKkoig, ivKTiriZpfhiPog. hrii ^\ hrnffm 
ug STrfiKOOPf Ci7C& 'Agsutog roioi. EXeo^o^ asi/, a 3bh 
igeg '^'EKhjPsg, Wi) sTsogxap re Ipdcpt] xui rag aTophag 
XvaPf ixfs rfjp iixfjp xai r^pfjxs, Ugo^epog ii xu) Ms* 
vap^ on xariiyyii'kxp aurov r^p STn^ovk^p^ li' [Jbeyahi 
ri^uri eifftp, v(/i*ag il ^aaikevg ra oVXa aTasrsr av- 
rov yag ^pai ^fjffip^ ixei'X'eg Kvgov fjaap rov sxupov 

SdiovKov. Tgog ravra aTexgiPUPro o! "EKhiPBg^ ekeys 
5g KXsdpag 6 ' OgXtOfJifmog' ^Cl xdxitrrB av^garaPj 
*Agta76f xa) ol aXXo/ oaoi Jjre K.vgov ^iKoi, ovx ah* 
^yfger^g ovrB S^got)^ oiir ap^gaTTOvg, o'iriPig^ o^oaapng 
^[jbip rovg avrovg piXovg xai i'j^govg po(ji*iup, ^^goiopreg 
tlfbSig (Tvp Tiaaa^egPSi ra a^iardrcf rs xa) Trapovgyo- 
rdra, rovg n apigag avrovg, oTg afjbpvrsy ag acroXA;Xi- 
xare, xai, rovg a^Xovg ^[Jbag 'rgoieiaxorsg^ ^vp ro7g ttO" 

^OKefJbmg W ^{mg 'igxfiff^^. o il *Agia7og iT-rg, Yj^ag- 
yfig yag icgoa^ip iTi^ovT^vaP <papegog iymro Tifftra- 
figpsi re xai 'Ogoprif, xai Taasp ^[mp ro7g |vv rovrotg. 

41 1'xi rovroig 'Eepo^ip rah g/irg. K}Jeagx,og fup roipvp. 

UB. n. CAP. VI. 65 

€1 Ta^a rovg ogzovg ekve rag ffTOvidgf r^v Hxtjv 'iyfir 
iixatov yag aToKkvtr^oci rovg iTiogzovirrug' Tlgo^svog 
il Ku) Mkmv sTeiTsg ehh vfjifiregos (Jbiv evegyirai^ fnhi- 
regoi il aT§aT9jyoi\ mfJifypurs uvrovg isvgo* iijkov yog 
on ptKoi ye ovrsg ayttCpoTigoig^ TTHgdffOifroci kou v(jiJiv zui 
f^Mv ra ^iKriffra ^v(ji*^ovXeveiv. xgog ruvra ol |3af-4f2 
|3afO/ TToKvv ^ovov hoKi'j^&mg oe}Jj}Kotg ost^X^ov, 
ovih aTOKgtydfJb&fOL 


O/ (d*h Ifj ffrgarfjyot ovra }j}(f)^svrig avrfx^trotv agl 
^(KT^yJiOc,^ jccci a*jrorfi^r!^ivrzg rag Ki^aXag hrskevrfjffaVf 
sig (hh abrZv IDJia^og oubciKoyov^himg \k Tdc»rojv rSv 
i^TTiigojg avrov Ixovratv oo^ag ysvitr^at owtjp kui to- 
Xsi^ixog Kou (piXoToXsfjjog itryjoirag. xat yag ^^7, 'iejg^ 
fjbh ToKsfji^og 71V rolg KuK%6cci(hovioig ^rgog roug 'A^- 
»aiovg, TCtx^f^evey^ Wei il eigfjvTj eymro^ xeitrocg rijv at5- 
rov xoXiv ig ol (dpaxeg ahxovfft roug "EXX^i'a^, xa) 
iiaTTga^dil^evog dg goy^aro xaga rav ipogmy e^e^Xei dg 
ToXBfJbfiffoiv rolg v*x\g Xepfovfjffov xai tleptv^ov ©f^p- 
|/v. Isrgi ii (Lerayvovreg ^cjg oi e<()ogoi^ ^073 'Sg/u onatgS 
avrovy aTO(Trge(peiy ccvrov eTetgSvro g| 'Ia^(/i*ouj evraS- 
S-a ovxeri Tg/^grai, aXX' cfx^'ro Tkeofv elg 'EXX^ctom- 
rov. Ik rovrov kou e^avot,roS^ vtco ruv h rrj 2^af7^4f 
reTJUv dg oc'jrei^aip, fj^Tj ie pvyag m^ ?f%gra/ Trgog K5- 
gov^ KOU OTotoig fih Xoyoig erettre Kvgov aXhj yeygouic^ 
rui, iiioMTs le uvrZ KSgog (hvgiovg iageiKovg' 6 hi 5 
Tji^aiv ovK gTi fc^fiiocv erguTerOj aKK* am rovrojv 
rZv Xi^fifdrejp ffv}J^i^ag ffrgdreui^a^ e^^oKef^ei rolg 
0§a^i9 Kai fM'Xp re rnKfiffe^ xai osto rovrov i^ ipegi 

66 LIB. n. CAP. VI. 

Kouriyi rovTOvg^ kou ToXsfJi^p heymro fiAy^^i Kvgog 
Ihfj^fj rov (Trgarsv[Jtfarog' rore Sg uT^y^sv cog ^vv Ixsi- 

Spat av 'prokBfLfjffafP. rccvra ovp (ptKo'icdkifijOv ybot ^oxu 
aphgog sgyoc etpuij otrrtg l^op [lbp elg^pfjp Ixiip £psv 
odtTXVPrig xou (SXajS^j, uigekui ^oKe(ieiPj b^op he paSt>- 
[jbBip^ ^ovXsrat topsIv atare TcikBfjijsTp^ 'iiop hi j^jM^ara 
'ix^ip upctphvpcogj atgsirui ToXsfJi^v [jbsiopa ravru TOistVj 
hciipog h\ GJCTT&g eig TuihiKoi ^ etg £k}j]P rtpa ^hopijv^ 
fj^ske hocTTocvoip elg 'ttoXbi/jOp. ovtu (hh fiXo'^oksf^og 

IriP. ToXsfJiiiKog he uv ruvrri ehoKei upui on pKoxUhv- 
pog re TJVy xoti ^[/^egag ku) PVKTog &ym W) rovg 'jcok^ 
[Jbtovg^ xai h ro7g hetpolg (pgopifjuog^ dg oi 'xugopreg tup- 

8 ru^ov Tccpreg d^oKoyovp. ku) ugxiKog h' ekeyero ehoci, 
dg hvpuTOP ex rov rotovrov rgoTov^ oTop xa^Kemg ir/p, 
iKUPog [Jbh yag^ &g rig kou ahXog^ <pgoprlZ^up Jjp^ ot6^ 
er/fli fl (rrgartoi uvrd roL eTirTjhetocj ku) TugaffKevd- 
ZfiP ruvroc' tKaPog h\ ku] IfdiTOi^ffoct rolg "jrugovaip dg 

dTreiareop ellfj KXeoig^&f. rovro h' eToiei Ik rov x'^Xemg 
ehar kou yag ogoip ^arvypog tip ku) rrj (pofprj rgw^vg^ 
eKoXoct^e re aet i(r)(jug£g^ ku) ogyri epiore^ dg ku) av- 
rcS i/jerai/jiKetp ea^' ore. ku) ypdfji^r} h' eKoKuH^ev uko- 
"kutjrov yug (rrgurevfjuurog ovhh fiyelro o<peXog eiPUL 

10 uKKu Ku) XeyeiP uvrov e(pu(jup dg heoi rov (rrgandrfjp 
f)o^eh^ui (JbuKKop rop oig^opru ^ rovg ToKefJbiovg, ei 
[jbeKkoi ^ (pvXuKug (pvXdi^eip^ ^ (piXcuP a(pe^eG^uiy ^ uTgo- 

1 1 (pouriffrofg lepui 'Trgog rovg ToXeiJbtovg. ev ^\p ovp rolg 
hetpolg ^ekop uvrov uKoveip a<p6hgu^ ku) ovk uKKop 
figovpro oi ffrgurtSrur ku) yag ro arvypop rore ^uih- 
gop uvrov Ip rolg TgocrdToig e(puaup (puivea^ui, ku) ro 
Xu'Ke'scop ep^oji^Apop Trgog rovg 7roXe(i(ovg ehoKei ehur 

l2&(Tre (Tatrfjgtop ku) ovxeri %a>cgsroV e(puipero. ore h' eBfij 
rov heipov ymtpro^ ku) e^ettj Tgog uKKovg ug^oyiAvovg 
UTtepuiy ToTJ^o) uvrop uTeXefprop' ro yug e^jci'^ugt ovk 

LIB. n. CAP. VL 67 

g/^gv, oKK' mi xttkimg ?v «aJ i(Jbog' oiffTs hsxeipro 
TTgog avrov oi ffrgariSrai &(jtb§ 'irouhig Tgog iihuffKU- 
\ov. Koci yoig ovv pKia [Jbh kou svvoiot eTOfLsvovglS 
ovhsvore gT%gv oirtveg 5g tj vm mXscog rzTay^mi^ ri 
VTO rov Sg7<7^a/, 9^ uKKri rm avdyxri Kdr^xo^ivoi sra- 
gsiTjffoa^ ocvtS^ ff<pohga TSt^ofjuBvoig iyjgfJTO. Wei il ^^ ;- 1 4* 
avTO viKoiv iOv uvtZ rovg sroXgjx/oyj, ^^tj [Jbsyaka riv 
roL yjgfjffifJbovg Totovvroc bIvui rovg ^vv avrai (rrguri&h- 
rug' ro re yag Tgog rovg ToKsiJbiovg ^uppockBotg l%ziv 
Trugrjv^ kol) ro rrjv Tag ixeivov rtfLugiav (po^ua^ai av- 
rovg evruKrovg Wohi. roiovrog [jbh irj ag^ojy Jjvis 
agxfio^at is vm &Kk&)V ov (JUciKa b^sKbiv iXiyBro. tjv 
Sg org IrskBvru a[jt,<pi roi TcevrriKOvra, *irY}. 

Ugo^Bvog il 6 hoiofriog^ Bv^vg fJbh [LBigdxioy gjv^ Its- 16 
^6/^g/ yevia^on ctvrig ra (JbsydKcc Tgdrretp Uuvog' kou 
S/a ravrriv rrjv iTi^v[j[jiau ehojze Togyto^ agyvgiov rZ 
Aeovrtpctt. gxgj 5g avviymro iKiivoj^ ipcotvog vo[/ji(Tagl7 
^9] eipoci Ku) &^iPt «a'j (piKog cup roTg 'Xguroig^ (Jb^ fir- 
rSiff^ai evegyerSp^ tjK^bp lig rocvrag rag avp l^vgoj 
Tgd^eig' Kou cfsro xrf}(TB(T^ui Ik rovroop ovoi^jU fiAya 
xou ivpoLfLiv [jbsyakTjp Koi y^rif^a.ra, 'TroKKd. roaovrojpis 
y STTihviJbSp^ ffcpohga, Bpi9}Xop OLV KUi rovro Hyip ort 
rovrojp ovSiP av &gXo/ ^raer^a/ jM^gra aS/^/a^, a>Aa 
avp rZ hfcdictf xoci Kokci Zero ie7p rovrcop rvyxdpeip^ 
&pev Sg rovrcjp fjbf}, oig^eJp 5g kuTSjv f/jh koi aya^Sp 1 9 
ivpocrog 9Jp' ov ^eproi ovr ulhS ro7g (rrgurtZraig euv- 
rov ovre <p6^ov Uupog efLVoirjcTai^ aKkd kou Yi(r/j)peror 
[JboKkop rovg argunZrug ti oi ag^of^epoi IkiIpop^ xai 
(po^oviijepog [^oiKKop rjv (pupegog ri k'xe')^dped^ut roTg 
ffrganZraig^ ^ o! ffrgariZroti ro cc'iciare'ip ezeiv&t. alero20 
ie agxeip Tgog ro ctg^tKOP ehoci xa) 5o«g?v, rov ^h «a- 
Xo;; 'jcoiovpru i'Traipelv^ rop 2g o^iKOVProi, [Jt^Tj eTUipetP. 
roiyagovp avrS ot [lIp xaXoi re xaya^oi rSp trvpoprup 

68 LIB. n. CAP. VI. 

ovri, on 5g u'ri^vfjffxBv tjv irSv ig rgidxovroc • 

21 Mivofv hi 6 QerrocKog i^og ^v Wi^fiSv (ukv Tkmh 
Tiiv iffXvgSg^ iTt^v[JbSv II oig^fi^v, oTcjg ^Xstu 'Kufif 
(3a*'o/, BTi^iJbSv ie rifLoiff^ai, ha ^}s£taf »€ghumr 
(piKog re 'i^ovksro ehou roTg ybiyitrra ivvafitivoig, ha 

22ahKaiv [Jb^ hioirj hiKfjv. ivi hi to xarsgyoiZfiff^cu m 
iTi^v[Loi% (TvvrofJiiCtfroirfjy oi^ro ohov elms ha rov i^iog- 
Kuv re Ku) ypevhetr^at xou e^aTaroa^f to h* a^kouv 

2S2cui TO uhj^lg to olvto Ta ^X/^/y shou. (TTtgyofV }il 
^avsgog (lIv Jjv ovUpu^ otoj hi (paiti fiXog ehaif Tovrof 
hhr[Kog eyiynTo eTi^ovXevofV. xas 7ro7\jBfiiov (jith ov- 
hevog xotreyeka^ rZv hi avvovTov ^dvTm ig KaiTOLyi- 

^^'hjSiv lie) hehskyero. xai Tolg (lIv tZv ToXefLtofV xr^fLoir 
ffiv ovK eve^ovKevB' %a>cgsroV yag Sbto ehat toL tSv 
<pvKoi,TT0^ev6)v XafL^dvur toL hi tSv (pthjv fLOvog aero 

25elhevut paarov ov cL(pvKuKTa 'Kayb^uveiv. kou oaovg [ilv 
och^civoiro Wiogzovg kol) ahtxovg^ ig ev dfTXiff/jbevovg, 
g^o|3g?ro, To7g h* offtosg xa) aTjj^etav aaxovtriv^ atg avdv- 

^shgoig^ I'TTsigSiTo >^?(r^a/. Strveg hi Tig aydXKeToci em 

^BOffB^BiCC KUl akfj^BlCf, XOtl htXOUOTIJTl^ OVTO) "MBVOfV 

riyoKkBTO toj B^ocTUToip hvpoca^ai^ tZ 'jckatraa^ai -J/gy- 
hri^ TM (piXovg hiayeXoip' top hi (jbjj Tapougyop tSp oltcou- 

hBVTOJP CCb) BP6[LtZ,BP BIPUI. Ku) Tag olg flip B'TTeXBigBI 

"TCgatTBvBiy ^/X/a, hiufidKK&tP Toug TgofTOvg Tovrovg cSbto 
27hB7p KTTiaat/^at. to hi 'rBs^ofJi^BPOvg Tovg (TTgaTsatTag 
•^afg^gc^a/ g« Tov (TVPahtxBlp avToTg Bf/jiT)(jxpaTO. r/- 
fiidd^ai hi Kai ^BgaTBuea^ai ij^'ov^ BTrihBiKPVfiBPog oti 
^Xstara hvpatTO Kai b^bKoi ap ahixBiP. BVBgyBaiap hi xa- 
TBkeyBP^ OTTOTB Tig avToS a<pi(TTaTQ^ oti y^a^hepog avTu 
2S0VX aTOfXBffBP avTOP, xa) Ta [Jblp hjj a<pap^ B^eaTt TBgi 
auToS ypBuhBa^ai^ a hi ^dvTBg houji ToiS hxTi. Taga 

LIB. II. CAP. VI. 69 

AgiffriTTof fjbsv^ 'in agojog Sfv^ (TTgccrtjyBTv ItBTgd^aro 
rZv ^wojv^ 'Agiuicf is (iug^dgof ovrt, on [^eigaxiOig 
Kccko7g ?5gro, oUsiOTocrog 'in igaiog a)V lymroy uvrog 
a TatiiKu elj^g Qagv^avy aymtogofv, yeveiSvra. asro&-29 
ptiffKOPTOfV il Tuv (TutTTgotrfiyav, on hrrgdrevfftxv It/ jSflc- 
fftKia ^vv Kvgcf^ Tuvra 'rsTroirjKaig ovk am^uvi^ (Lira 
^ rov tSv &KKafV ^dvocrov (rrgarfjySy nfJbugfj^&tg v^ro 
^offtkiojg aTg&avgv, ov% oigTSg KXiocgx^g x,ou ot oiKKoi 
(rrgoLTfiyo] a'prorfJbTj^ivreg roig «g^a>caj, oWgf rdyjtsrog 
huvurog hoxet ehat, dKKoi ZfiSv otixiG^eig motvrov ig 
^ovijgdg Kiyerai TTJg reKBvr^g rxr/flv. 

' Ayiug Sg o ' AoKoLg koci ^azgdrrig 6 'A%a/oV, kouSO 
rovra oLTC^uvirYiV. rovrofv is ov^' dg h 'roXsfJifCu xa- 
x£v ovhssg KotreyBkot^ ovr slg (piKiotv avrovg ifd^iiJbfBTO. 
iprfiv ^ Ayij^oi) dfij^) rd TBvre kou rgidpcovra 'irfj aVo 



A. denotes Active, M. Middle, P. Passive, a. aorist, ace. accusa. 
tive, adv. adverb, c. common gender, conj. conjunction, dat. dative, 
f. feminine, ft. future, gen. genitive, imp. imperfect, imper. imperative, 
ind. indicative, inf. infinitive, m. masculine, n. neuter, op. optative, 
p. perfect, p. p. ft paulo-post future, part, participle, plup. pluperfect, 
pi. plural, pres. present, prep, preposition, s. singular, subj. subjunc- 
tive, 1 a., 2 a., first aorist, second aorist, 1 p., 2 p., first perfect, second 
perfect, 1 ft. P., first future Passive. 


'AfifOM/iat, 01/, m, Abrocomas, a 
Persian satrap. 

A&shf, «{/, /. Abydos, a tovm on 
the Asiatic side of the Hellespont. 

Jtyifivy «{/, n. {ayi^of) a benefit, 
advantage; property, possession. 

kyd^of, tit »». (Hyifias) good; 
brave; fertile, iyu^og i/( ^oXt' 
ficv, brave in war. ;^iv^a Aya^fi, 
a fertile country. 

Jiydkkat,-&x£{&yafMti) yl adorn. M. 
I pride myself in, am proud of. 

iyAfuu^ '&fofim, I admire, esteem 
highly. 1 a. P. Ifya^fitiv, used 
in an active sense, 

kya^riff tiy «* {Ayifiai), admirable, 
worthy of admiration. 

Ayytkluy »St /. {«lyyt>.ktt)t a mes- 
sage, tidings. 

AyytkXtj -<X«I, ilyytk»et^ .^utf I 
report, tell. I a, A. Hyyukeu 

Ayytkgff «{/, m. (JiyytXXtit) a mes- 

kyUifty «f, n (a, not, yivutvy a 
beard), beardless ; a boy. ^ 

*Aytafy «&, m. Agias, one of the 
Greek generals. 

J^yvttfiu^Uffi, ns,f> (<eyf*^««y, sense- 
less) thoughtlessness. PL mis- 


ayo^ei^ as, f. {ayti^ta^ 1 assemble), 
a market, provisions; uye^etv 
tret^ix***} to afford a market, to 
supply provisions for sale, iyom 
^ei 9rXn66Vff», full-market, the 
forenoon, from about nine to 
twelve o*clock, 

ayc^ei^My 'iLffaUt fiy^&xa^ -vfMtt (etya- 
^«), I buy, purchase. 

tiyifi't «, »». and «f, «y, iay»is, a 
field) wild. 

&ytt, i^«», }!x»* liyftai, I lead, 
bring, convey, caiTy, drive off; 
imp. r,yn, 2 a* A, nyiyov. 
&y% ^«k, come then ! 

aym^ Hvcf^ m» a contest, a trial of 
skill ; aySvtc tffi»t, proposed a 
contest, or trial of skill. 

aytaviZofMu^ &ytitvi»u/iat, ^ymtfffiat, 
{ayeif) I fight against, contend 

eihtv^tff •{, 0y, (a, not, hTttvof) with, 
out supper, supperless 

ahk^dft «{/, m. a brother. 

ihSft adv,t (a, not, itig^ fear) with- 
out fear, securely. 

a}tet^T»{, 6t^ «y, (a, not, }/«, /3«/yAr, 
I go) impassable. 

I wrong, injure. 




&'itxtifit)ty 1 a. part. P. ofaitxiaj, 
&'it»Ttt, att /., (ti^Txos) injustice; 

/KiTA a,h»iets, with injustice, un 

&tTK»tf »sy »v, (a, not, 2ixn) unjust. 
o^cXms* adv.% (&, not, ^0X0^, de< 

ceit) without deceit, faithfully. 
oiuviTttf 0f, 0y, («, not, ^tn&res) 

ati, adv-t always. 
airosy tv, m. an eagle. 
afitajT&Tos, If, cVf (ufiiof, impious) 

most impious, most peijured. 
*^9ivai9t^ 9U, m., ('A^nva/, Athens) 

an Athenian. 
a^Xtfv, «t/, n., {afiXcs, a contest) a 


1 collect, raise, levy, assemble. 
I a. P, nfi^oiff^v*' 
tt,6^9ost «, tfv, rarely est «»» crowded 

together, in dense masses. 

&6vfA9ti «St «yi (»9 not, ^&/e«0f, spirit) 

spiritless, disinclined, backward. 

Comp. a^vfitirt^est rather back. 


Aiyvirrtoti»Vjfn,t(Ai'yuirroSt Egypt) ' 

an Egyptian. | 

at^tlfAoviffT&Tos% Hf »*t {allots) most 

modest, most respectful. 
aiivf, ioty f. « reverence, respect. 
atxi^e/Ltett, 't»v(AeUy pxiO'/Mtt, {onKtett 
injury) I treat injuriously, tor- 
ture, 1 a. part. P. etUi^hts, hav> 
ing been tortured. 
Aivtans, «y, m., the ^nianians, a 

people of Thessaly. 
«/girw, fit •"> (at^iu) chosen. «/ 

ai^trt), the delegates. 
al^iu, -wtf-ft*, jfgi»»«, -/ten 9 I take, 
capture. M. I choose. 2 a. ^. 
llAtfy, ni^'. tkat, &C. 0V» aAXtfv 
j»ftft7»r«. preferred no other /easier. 
aJ^att &^Sy H^Kttt 'fMtt, I lift up, 

aiffi»*ofiat^ -fin^o/Mtit l^&9fifAut^ I per- 
ceive, learn. Imp* jifffieitofAtiv. 
2 a. ffff^ififiu I 

shame) base, disgraceful. j 

mffX****!* «» / («J';c*f» shame) 

» ahame, diagnee^ dishonour. ' 

I MO-Tt vZo'iv »ia;^vvfi9 tttau^ so that 
I all were ashamed. 

shame) I put to shame. Jf. I 
feel ashamed, reverence, stand 
in awe of. Imp. M. j^x^vafitiVf 
1 a. p. pf*^vv^nv. »ai ^^^vvirt 
^ftXXffy, even stood more in awe 
of. ^f^uv^nfuv xeci §tous xeu avfi^^- 
irov( ^fitiavveu avrovy we were pre- 
vented by our feverence both for 
godsand men from deserting him. 

alriatf -no'M, ^rvxa^ •/Kdci, I ask, de- 
mand. 1 a. irif, M, ttlrn^at'fitu. 

alrteiofAatf -ecffotMity ^rid/iat^ (a/r/a, 
blame) I accuse. 1 a. part, M* 

ettrTos, eVf 971., {aiTta, blame) the 
cause, or author of anything. 

axivixfis, oVi m. a sabre, scimitar. 

Axtyiiuvas, adv.^ (a, not, xiviOvaf) 
without danger. 

otKokavToSy OS, 0y, (a, not, xtkd^it) 
undisciplined, disorderly. 

ixokwfios^ cs, oy, {»tfor dfAa, xiXtVm 
fies, a path), consequent, cor. 
responding. a>t evx ixikovfia ifit 
ri Tf WtH^ivSett xui re kva-ttv rhv 
yKpvpotv^ that the intention to 
attack, and to break down the 
bridge were inconsistent. 

axovTt^u, -tffu, nxovrixa, mffiauy 
(eixattf a javelin), I strike with a 
javelin, wound. 

axovrXfftSy ta>f,/., (a»ayri^«) the art 
of throwing a javelin. 

ixcvM, 'Cva-tfAUif axnxuiy ifx»vfffieu^ 
I hear, hear of, obey. 1 a. A» 

ax^i^oXigf tMSy f,^ {&x^tSy iriXtf) a 

ux0»f, ft, 0y, (««n, a point) high. 
t^ri reSy Hx^itv^ on the heights. 

axvvf sue-ett ^*t («t not, Ixiv) un- 

ixi^aiy 'fiw^ and iXi^t/MU, I ward 
off*, if. I defend my self against, 
recompense. 1 a. infi M. «xS- 

itXirntt 0«, «!., (iixJfl#, I grind) a. 
grinder. aXimf 0^0;, a mill- 




eiktupovf w, n., (ftXiAT, I grind) 

wheaten flour. 
iXfifitiet, »s,f. {oiXfififit) truth, truth- 

aXfihvVf -tvfftt, nXn^tuxa, (aXn^hs) 

I speak the truth. 
eiXtififit^ nSt (f) true. r« &kr,fisy 

truthfulness, veracity. . 
aXnSUoty »i, tfv, {aXn^ns) faithful; 

aXiT^a»t -?*••>, fXtfffjLeu, (JtXns^ crowd- 
ed) I gather together, assemble. 
1 a. p. riXifffinv, 
aXio'xofiett^ etXajg-ofAai^ ^Xatxet, and 
lecXM»»^ I am taken. 2 a. A 
^Xmv, and iccXofVf used in a pas- 
sive sense* 
aXX\for aXXa. 

aXXu, conj.^ (eiXXos) but, yet, at 
least, yet not withstanding. aXXet 
xaiy nay more. eiXXa, finv, nay 
even. uXXk 71, at least, at all 
events, ixx* ofjtus^ nevertheless. 
«XX*;, adv.^ {ixxof) elsewhere, 

aXXriXotVf aiVt »t*9 {&XXof) of one 

another, of each otlier. 
aXXohvf ado., (&XXos) i'rom another 
place. &XXai aXXofiiv, some in 
one direction, others in another. 
aXXasy fly », other. &XXof eLxXa Xi- 
yii, one says one thing, another, 
another. (»ara) ra &XX», as to 
the rest, (futrct) ret rt aXXet, 
both in other respects. »vh\ 
&XXo •vhtv 3iy^(«v, nor, besides, 
a single tree, r^ ofAXti (if/ui^^) 
on the next day. 
«XX«rf, adc.^ (eiXXos) nt another 
time. aXX»Tt ttou &XX»r*, now 
and then. 
aXXttty adv., {eixXos) otherwise. 
aXoyt^r$(, «(, »v, («, not, Xtyi^tfittt) 

inconsiderate, senseless. 
aX^rrdv, •!/, n., barley-flour. 
£fiM^ ado., at the same time, along 
with ; frequently used as a pre- 
position with the dative, 
^/lu^at^ fit,f't a chariot.* 
&/ti^r»t, »s, •», («K^«|«) traversed 
by wagons. ttfia^rif SOf, a 
carriage-road,— a road wide 

enough for only one carriage 
afAa^r&vm, 'Tv^ofMCt, hfAa^rn»ett 

'/lat, I miss. 2 a. A, tifjta^Tov, 
&fit&x*h odv.y («* , not, fid^^fi) with- 
out a battle. 
* AfA^^a»ieirfify cv, vt,, a native of 

Ambracia, a town in Epirus. 
afnita/f^ «», »», better, braver, a 

camp, ofetyafiog. 
»iAtX%M^ -Jltf-A^ 9lfiiX9i»ety -futt, (eifUm 
Xhf, careless) I am careless, ne. 
ifjtnz^vot, oty »9, (a, not, fAfi:^dvh, 
contrivance) without resources, 
inextricable, impracticable. ««-«- 
^a>* iffr) Kcti &/Afix»>Mv, it is the 
part of men in perplexity and 
without resources, tig ir^XXa 
KotKo, jceti afifixeifet, into many 
inextricable evils. 
AfAv-tXag, ovyf. a vine. 
afitvvMt 'VvS, I avert. M. I repel, 
punish. 1 a inf M. Afivveca-feu. 
Kfiip), prej). governing gen- dat, and 
ace, about, with, along with. 
r*fy a/A(p) 'HiiXtirtv o'r^ecrtueftitMf^ 
of those engaged in the siege of 
Miletus. Ittto'rinfMtv rSv a/Mpi 
Tu^ufy skilled in military tac. 
ufA^tyvnoj, {afit(p}, voitt, I think)I am 
in doubt. Imp. fi/ipyve»V9. ^ri 
Itmuv fift<piyve6U9, they knew not 
what they were about. 
eift(piXiyM, -Xi^, (ei/*^K Xiy^) I 

dispute about, quarrel about. 
* AfA(pt^9XtTitSy 0v, nu, a native of 

AmphipoUs, a town in Thrace, 
afi^on^ofy ft, «y, (afi^tit) both. SeU 

dom used in the singular, 
ifi^tri^tthv, adv., {&fi^irt^»s) on 

both sides. 
HiA^iy tiVf both. 

ay, a particle, modifying the mean- 
ing of the tense and mood of the 
verb with which it is connected, 
avyfor U», conj.y if, followed by the 

aya, prep, governing the aco.y up, 
up to, upon. 




aiixMs^ 1 a, part. P. ofaitxiet, 
ititxia^ «f, /., {a^Kot) injustice; 
fAirit ahxiets, with injustice, un- 
UtTxtt, »Sy tv, (a, not, iixn) unjust. 
aiokajt^ adv.', (a, not, ^0X0^, de- 
ceit) without deceit, faithfully, 
tj^vydroff «f, «y, («, not, ivv&rcs) 

Ati, adv.y always. 
atris^ ovt m. an eaf^Ie. 
a^tMT&rof, n, cv, (ethos, impious) 

most impious, most peijured, 
*A4nvttt9t^ ov, m., ('A^nvai, Athens) 

an Athenian. 
ft^Xtfy, 0t/, n. , {oi4X»s, a contest) a 

a^^/^«,-0iV«, fi^Qoixett 'g-fiat, {0,6^00$) 
1 collect, raise, levy, assemble. 
I a. P, fi^^ciff^m* 
Afi^eesi «, «v, rarely os, «y, crowded 

together, in dense masses. 
aiOfjLos, Off «y, {&f not, ^vfitf, spirit) 
spiritless, disinclined, backward. 
Comp, aifvfiirt^tf, rather back- 
AiyvvrrYtft •tf,f»l.,( Aiywerr*?, Egypt) 

an Egyptian. 
At^tifAovifT&Tis, tif evf (fli/^or;) most 

modest, most respectful. 
tttttfy otgf f. , reverence, respect. 
etlxi^§fAUiy 'toufMU, ^xlfffAoti, (iixtay 
injury) I treat injuriously, tor- 
ture, 1 a. part. P. etixMtig, hav> 
ing been tortured. 
Aluung, atvt m., the ^nianians, a 

people of The$ialy. 
at^tros^ tit o*t {»t^%oi) cbosen. 0/ 

at^iro), the delegates. 
al^iuy -jftf-a*, ^^fixect -/leitf I take, 
capture. M. I choose. 2 a. A, 
ttkovy subj. tXet, &C. ovx eiXXov 
jJgtfwvT*. preferred no other /eacf^r. 
a7|9«, &(S<, n^xu, 'fiett, I lift up, 

aWSavofAou^ -fivo'tfiatf fiffftifA»i% I per- 
ceive, learn. Imp* ^^^eivofAfiit. 
2 a. ^ff4ifAftv» I 

aWxi^h «f •», and »f, «», {»7ffx»St ! 

Mg-Tt irao'ty ou^x^yn* ityeUf so that 
all were ashamed. 

shame) I put to shame. Jf. I 
feel ashamed, reverence, stand 
in awe of. Imp. M. ^f;^f/y«/unv, 
1 a. P, ptr^uvfinv* xai ^«';^(/yfr« 
/KaXXtfv, even stood more in awe 
of. ^^x^vfififitv xai §%ov( xeu ityfi^tt" 
vrov$ Tpo^tvyeu avroy, we were pre- 
vented by our feverence both for 
godsand men from deserting him. 
eciTtM, ~hfo/, ^Tvxec, -fMti^ I ask, de- 
mand. 1 a. inf. M, mrwav^eu. 
alrtdefAaif -do'etMHj ^rix/iaty {alrietj 
blame) I accuse. 1 a. part. M* 
etiTtoSf ov, m.y (atTiet, blame) the 

cause, or author of anything. 
axtyaxris, ov, m. a sabre, scimitar. 
eixtv^DvaSy adv.^ (a, not, xiyivvog) 

without danger. 
UKokavToSf OS, •», («, not, ««X«^«) 

undisciplined, disorderly. 
kx'oXwfioSt OS, oy, {a, for Mfia, xiktvm 
605, a path), consequent, cor. 
responding, us ohx ixiXovfia t7n 
ro Tt Wtfinvifffiett xeti ri Xv^uy rn» 
y'Kpvoavy that the intention to 
attack, and to break down the 
bridge were inconsistent. 
axovTi^u, -i<r«, nxovrtxa, .9/ms/, 
{eixoiy, a javelin), I strike with a 
javelin, wound. 
axeyriffis, twf,/., (xxoyri^ot) the art 

of throwing a javelin. 
axovat, -ovorofiat, «»^xmi, Uxov^fixt^ 
I hear, hear of, obey. 1 a. A- 
ax^oToXts, iotSyf, {&xi«Sy ^oXts) ti 

eix^os, a, 0y, (axn, a point) high. 

i^t raty ax^uy, on the heights. 
&xuy, ovffx, oy, (a, not, Ixiiy) un- 
iXi^My -tiffaa, and aXi^o/Mu, I ward 
off*, if. I defend myself against, 
recompense. 1 a. inf AT. «xi- 

shame) base, disgraceful. JAXimf, ov, m., (&xiotn I grind) a. 

mffX'^yri, fif, / {ettg-x»St shame) grinder, axims w» a milj- 
» shame, disgrace, dishonour. I stone. 




tikivpoff w, n«, {xXiv, I grind) 

wheaten flour. 
ikfifitia, »(,/. (iXtifiht) truth, truth- 
aXfifitutt, 'iv&etf ny^Mtvxety {aXn^hs) 

I speak the truth. 
JiXfi^hs^ 9is^ If) true, to &kr,fis^ 

triitlifulness, veracity. . 
aXn^ives, fit «*) (aXfi^^;) faithful ; 

akt^eu, 'tg'at^ t.Xtfffietti {ukfiS'i crowd- 
ed) I gather together, assemble. 
I a. p. fikif^nv* 
MXia-xefiat^ aXet^ofiuii ^XetKOt, and 
laLXotKoty I am taken. 2 a, A 
^kv¥, and iccXofVf used in a pas- 
sive sense, 
aX\',for akXa. 

aXXu, conj.^ (&XXts) but, yet, at 
least, yet notwithstanding. aXXet 
xaij nay more. aXXk finv, nay 
even. aXXa 71, at least, at all 
events. uXX* ifiug, nevertheless. 
»XXi^y adv.t {eixXos) elsewhere, 

tiXXin^6tvi etivt civy {aXX«f) of one 

another, of each other. 
aXXc^tVf ado., (&XXos) tVom another 
place. &XXot aXXo^tv^ some in 
one direction, others in another. 
&XXos, fly «t Other. &xx»s &xx» At- 
yu, one says one thing, another, 
another, (xara) ra aXXet, as to 
the rest, (xetrk) ret « &XXa, 
both in other respects. titTt 
&XX0 evhf Siy^^«y, nor, besides, 
a single tree, ry &XXt^ {*>f*Hf) 
on the next day. 
«XA.«rf, arff., (aXXtf) nt another 
time. AXXoTt zeu aXX»rt, now 
and then. 
aXXff, adv., (&XXts) otherwise. 
aXoyi^Ttf, ot, flv, («♦ not, XoyiZ^fMti) 

inconsiderate, senseless. 
aX^rrtff ev, n., barley-flour. 
£fiM^ ado», at the same time, along 
with ; frequently used as a pre- 
position with the dative, 
Sifio^uy fiSif'9 a chariot.* 
iti^t^rdt, «t, •», (eifiala) traversed 
by wagons. af/ta^res Si$f, a 
carriage-road,— a road wide 

enough for only one carriage 
afia^T&ftit* 'rnffofMCt, fifia^rfixet, 

'fiat, I miss. 2 a. A. ifAu^rtf, 
itfA&x*h odv.f («* , not, fiax*") with- 
out a battle. 
*AfA^^a»ieirtis, ovy m,, a native of 

Ambracia, a town in Epirus, 
eifnivMy, «y, 0*, better, braver, a 

camp, qfiya^of. 
eifAiX'tMy 'tia-a^ ^fiiXfixet, -fiuti, (aftt- 
XtiSf careless) I am careless, ne- 
afjtvx^*«f» »h «"» (»> ^ot, fitfi^avfiy 
contrivance) without resources, 
inextricable, impracticable. ««*«- 
^u* iffr) jceii »ft9i;^eiyt>nf it is the 
part of men in perplexity and 
without resources, tts iroXXet 
xotKk xet) AfAti^eiva, into many 
inextricable evils. 
&fjL9r%X»s, ovyf. a vine. 
ifAvvM, 'Vvu, I avert. M. I repel, 
punish. 1 a inf. M. afAuvua-fiau 
oifiip)y prep, governing gen- dat. and 
acc.y about, with, along with. 
rSif ot/A(p) 'ULiXfirov ffr^ar%v9fi.%foif^ 
of those engaged in the siege of 
Miletus. Wi^TfifAttf rSf afA(pi 
rd^usy skilled in military tac- 
Kfipyviiat, {a/i^t, foio/y I think) I am 
in doubt. Imp, n/uipyfiouv, %rt 
Itmvv fifA^tyvoevf, they knew not 
what they were about. 
afi^iXiyat, -Xi^, (a^}, Xiytt) I 

dispute about, quarrel about. 
* AfApvtXiTfisy «Uy nu, a native of 

Amphipolis, a totvn in Thrace, 
u/i^ort^esy a, «y, {xfi^u) boih. SeU 

dom used in the singular, 
afUptri^M^tv, adV; (af/t^in^os) on 

both sides. 
&fA^My oiv, both. 

ay, a particle, modifying the mean- 
ing of the tense and mood of the 
verb with which it is connected, 
&fyfor^ Uy, conj*y if, followed by the 

aya, prep, governing the ace.y up, 

up to, upon. 
ifm&miwy -fi^e/uu^ $i$9iM», '^(*»*% 




(Awi, fimwy I go) I go up, march 

up, 2 a. A* ifififif' 
»9m^ify %o»i^f, , (aMcj3«My«») a march 

up, expedition. 
ifttfisfia^t^t 'd^t^t (^Mi, ^ativv, I go) 

I cause to go up, lead up. 
ifttydyif 2 a. op. A, qf&vdyth 
ifttyyiXXu, ^XS, aftiyyikxa^ 'f»*ty 

(«y«, &yyiXkM) I report, an. 

nounce. 1 a. inf, J. ^etyytTXau 
iuaytyt^MM^ and -^iv^^xm, -yvMao" 

fiMt, &9tyu0»a^ -vfAMiy (avft, yiy^ 

w^xm) I read. 2 a, A. AfiyvMf. 
ttvayjui^Mj -Afm^ nvayxAxm, •^f-tty 

(kmyxn) I compel. 
itvayxtuosj «, «», {otvayxn) neces- 

kmyxmcty «v, m., {avayxfi) a rela. 

«v<(7»ff, ntif'i necessity. 
kfAytt^ -dlof, '^X** "yf^'h (***» 

aytt) I lead up, conduct. 2 a, A. 

»9ny»yv' 1 a. P. «»i};^^)}y* 
»y«Xil(^«»y, 2 a. part. A* ofdvatkMfi' 

'fiftm, («»«, ktcfi^tai) I pick up, 
recover. 2 a. A. dvtxa^v. 

dyaXiytt, -Xi^«, («»«, >^7«) I tell 

. again, repeat, recount. 

&vmiii^»Sy cst 09, (a, not, ivh^) un- 
manly, weak. 

»9a^v^lhf, *>y,/., trousers. 

dva^rmvMy -vavftt, -^ivayMa, 'f^aty 
(eivky tttuti) I make to cease. 
if. I rest» take rest, halt, in 
i9a,^av%96«uy as if for retiring to 

. (»fa, friiV^tf) I persuade, induce. 
atvawrvf^M , -4rri;^*>, 'iirrtryfAeu , (aya, 

9'Tutr^tty I fold) I unfold. «y««'- 

Tva-g-tty TO xi^etty to open out the 

wing, that is, to extend the front. 
«MB^i«-r«f, 0St Wf («, not, al^i«'r«y) 

without breakfiu^ without lun. 

a*a^9ri1^oi^ .ilrM, and -aoroftai, -ii^ 

«*«««, .^/u«/, («»«, ck^ira^M)! tear 

up, plunder, carry off. 

, (m, #r^S^) I turn back. 8 a. 

p. ivwr^M^. d9t9r^mfneet.9 oi 
dfA^t Hm^tkuty those with the king 
had rallied, its itr^ornif amc^'t^- 
^«i«, you might act as a master, 
that iti treat him as your slave. 

«ycf;^f0'^ai, 2 a. inf. M, ofiyix*** 

«y«ra^a«'rAr, and 'Oim», -^at, -ti* 
ra^a7^/u«<, (ava, rot^d^^oty I stir) 
I disorder. 

dvetTtiyea, -rty*l, -rtrdlxK, -^i, (<^'«) 
«/y«, T stretch) I raise, elevate. 

ayarfXA*>, (•tiXaI) -riretXxoty 'fuu, 
(dva, TfXXM, I rise) I rise up. 
dfta iiXtM dfrnriXXotrty at sunrise. 

dtecrtrafiivosy p. part. P, of dtei- 


ifartra^eiyfAifosy />• part. P. ofavet' 

dvetrt^nfity -/iftf-M, -TthtxeCy -^'<9 
(dva, Tifififiu) I put on, lay on. 

dyifid'Toioy, ov, ft., {dvri^y 9'ods) a 

dfiBriy 2 a. of dwfigtit^. 

dvtiirov, 2 a. {dv», fT«'«y) I pro- 
claimed ; sufyj. d9U9'Uy &c. ; used 
only in the 2 a., and partially in 
^ the 1. 

d9to»tTdofy 'tiffta, d9n^dmxot^ -^mm, 
(«ya, l^otrdoi) I ask again, ask 
aloud. Imp. dm^tt^tt^. 

dytg-r^d^U^ecv, 2 a. P. ofdyot^r^i^ 

ofyf v, ado., without ; used as a pre- 
position governing the genitive. 

dvi^fy -?*», and dtot^x^^**^ -«r;t;n««» 
-/ua/, (aya, l;^*f) I hold up. M. 
I endure, submit to, restrain 
myself, withstand. 2 a. Af. nyitr- 
XOfitlf* &9 5i r«WT« ayd^x^^^h 
but if you bear up against, with- 
stand these, ovf ovx &y dwet^x't^' 
iaty who would not endure, ovx 
hiarxiroy did not restrain him- 

dv^xto-TOf, t^ «v, (a, not, dxUfuUy I 
heal) irremediable. 

«ynf , dvtfofy dv^^of, m., a man. «Ey> 
^^i« «'r^ari£rc/, fellow-soldters. 
tiTiWft/M y «/ «y^^if, private in- 
dividuals also trusted him. 

d9fi^wnoTtt, 1 p. part of dyotf^'d^m, 

d9n^t*ra, imp. A. of dvt^otriot, 

d9^X^n0m, 1 a. P. <{f ito^w^ 




i^ffw aw). 

i%6fttvh»ty ff, «y,(«y^^««'0f) human. 

((Tf^i) r«y ^ df^^mvmvy while, of 

human things. 
ai>^^*>fr«f , flv, m., a human beings a 

avtat, -««-«», (aviff, grief) I vex, 

ivUmfJUy dvafrn^My intrrnxtt^ -!•'- 

r&fMbh («y«9 Jtf'r}}^) I rouse, 

dvi^X^y f^ «»«;t*'» I rise. afiM 

fikif awV;^«vT<, at sunrise. 
ivdiosy •Vy/., {dva, /?«; )a march up. 
cyMfr«f, ««, •», («, no^ vai*, I per- 
ceive) foolish, senseless. 
dtr for dyrtm 
drraye^dZ"} '»^»*t (dvrty dyt^d^t) 

I buy in return. 
dvraMuttj -f9fA»tf dvra»n»»»t dfrvf 

xw^fMUy (ftyr), d»w»t) I hear, or 

listen in return. I tu A, dvrn- 

Avvj, prep, goffeming the gen.t 

against, instead of, in return for. 
d»ri>.i'ytty -Xft|w, -XiXi^/uai, (dfr), 

At7«) I speak against, oppose. 
«vTr0f,a, «y,(«yr4) opposite, against. 

l» rtlu dvriovf from the opposite 

dvriTat^a^xtod^tfMity .a«'«/uaM, («yr}, 

«'af«r«t(;«^A>) I prepare myself 

in turn. 
cyriTAf^^Af, 'fCtig'ifiun^ 2 p. •frf(r«y* 

^ft, (ayr), «'im';^«) I suffer in 

ayr/TMfAf, -ii0'*r, -^^eiffxay "fiaty 

{dfnrl^ iretiat) I do in return. 

JIf. I contend with ontf for. 
dfTtfreLfftvTfiii •*/, m., (ftyr}, iVrif/Ki) 

one of the opposite faction or 

party. viri r*ly dvrt&rao'turuvy 

by the opposite faction. 
dtrtrdrWj and avrtrdrra^ -^a*, -ti- 

''«;C*» -yfit^tf (ayTi, rdffffti) I 

draw up against, oppose. 1 a. 

A» dyr%rd\eh 1 a. P. dtnrdx' 

dtrtrdx^ivntf 1 «. part P. qfdfri- 
dvTi^vkd^^ttnanddfrt^vXdrTM, -^«, 

r«») I watch in turn. AT. I am 
on my guard against in turn. 

«yr^«y, «v, n. a cave 

dvvffrety «f, «v, (^yvA^, I accompliih) 
accomplished, possible, mtdvu^- 
r«y, as much as possible. 

«y«, aefo., («y«) up. 

dvMri^M* adv»y (Aw) higher than, 

d^vtiy i»f , /., (cKyyv/Ki, I break) an 
axe. • 

a^Tost a-i «»9 worthy, becoming, be. 
fitting, deserving. v^XX^v d\ft\ 
of great value. Comp, d^tirU 
(OS i flip, d^atrar^f. 

1 deem worthy, ask, request, 
demand, wish, desire, vus ^ 
xetKivt ^wX»vs r»vTttv d^wv iiy«i, 
and that bethought the cowardly 
worthy onli/ of being their slaves. 

«S«y, oufy m., an axle. 

ad^rkdSj 0Sf «y, (« not, tirXn) un- 

dv'tfor dvri' 

dvrayytTXmif I a. inf* A' of dvray^^ 

d^etyyiXXMy -tkS, -it^yiXjca, 'fiaty 
(««-«, dyyiXkc*) I report, bring 
back tidings. 1 a. A* dv-ny" 

d9'cty$(tVMf -ivr«», {diriy dy9(tvv, I 
harangue) I forbid; am worn 
out, exhausted, retxtf d^ay* 
(ivovffty are soon exhausted. 

dir&yu^ .«|«, 'nx»i 'yf^eUf (««•», 
iyti) I lead away, lead back, 

2 a. A, d^ydyov, 
d^euiivrcfy og, ov, (a, not, 9'en'itvat) 

untaught, ignorant. 

d^ruivitty "ViWy '^rtixaf -fitUy {iiriy 
diriiit) I demand. 

dirakXdg'rtiy and diraXXdrrt^ -^«, 
"ViXX&^et^ .yfias, (afr«, dX>.dffv, 
I change) I go away. 2 a. P, 
dTnkX&ynf* df fiittv t^etf d^'fi^m 
A«7»i, as he went away having 
the worst of it. 

avraXdrt^tfy a, «y, (^^w^dxift tender) 
more tender. 

dv'etfitufiofieti, •/Ati'^^tfimy {dirty df^%U 

fi»fuu, I answer) I answer, 1 a. 




P, i^nftii^hvt vted in an Active 

dvTomt I meet) I meet. I a. A, 

&ra%, adv., once. 
tiT»^eur»tveurTOSy Cfy «», («, not, «>«- 

^KtuaT^et) unprepared. 

$uu»s^ unprepared) most unpre- 
pared. 0Tt ei9'»^af»guoT»TeVy as 
unprepared as possible. 

»9'»S} &^&ff»y £t»v, {JifiM^ fTAf ) all 
together, all. 

dv^yvajKivatf 1 p, inf» of arcyiy- 

ftirfSci^f, \ a* A, o/drohixvvfAi* 

d^rihu^^hj 1 a» P* of dvraiuxvvfiu. 

dvriS&vov^ 2. a. A, of d^oSv^vKt. 

d^iifiitfy '91^00, («, not, (Ti/Vap) I dis- 

aTtifiu, (fffTtf, itfu) I go away, will 
go away, desert from. 2 plup, 
dirifU9y I went away, deserted 

dWi^n»», 1 p,y (d^l, I^ta>) I am fa- 
tigued, exhausted. Part, ktu- 

/o-ci^tf;, «f , «v, (a, not, iru^a) with 
out experience, inexperienced. 

Afrfxrflyi, 2 ;j. ofdir«»ruvM. 

dmXavvmt -ixa^A*, ^</tc -cX*l, -cXif. 
k&xeif 'iMUy (atrtf, SX«i/yA») I go 
away, march away. Imp, dvn- 

d^i^X^/iut, -iA«««ytAai, 2 p, -iXwXw- 
^«, («Va, i^x^f*^*) I go away, 
depart, desert. 2 a, A. dTnJ^ 

eitrtx^dyofiuu, and dveix^ofteu^ ei^n^- 

hatred) I am hated, am disliked 
ri aittx,^ain«riat, of being dis- 
liked by. 

Xti*»t 'fA»h (««••» ix'^) I *™ <^**- 

tant ; M. I refrain from. 2 a. 

^. dvia-^^ov, pikMf dfi^ig-^eu^ 

not to injure friends. 
uTfiyAytt 2 a. A» of d^r&yat. 
d^nfu, 2 plup, of &T%tfAt. 
d^M»vy 2 a. ul. of dTt^xff**** 

d^tiXX&yfij 2 a, P. qf dvaXXd^fn. 
«<m/t*«/^«, I a. p. qf dirafAiifio/Mu, 
d^^vnta-ty and d^nvrn^ttVt I a. A, of 

dvrpTtvv, imp. A . of iitturin. 
d^'ttfai, pres. inf. qf AmifM, 
atr/^iv, pres. ind, ofaTUfM, 
dvmtJt^ pres. op, of&^ufM. 

{imfrts) I distrust, disobey. 

axiffTM^ at, fy idxtfrof) distrust, 
treachery, perfidy. 

aTtg-reft •f, «»» («> ^^^ ifUns) 

afrX««f, 01), 00y, and ««'X«vf, «, «trf, 
sincere, ri ^ ««'X0t;y, but sin- 

««•«, prep* governing the gen. ^ from. 
afr0 ^9rT«v, on horseback, ^r* 
Touroif rSv ;^;*»»/6c«r«y, with that 
money. afr« 701/ «(/T0t; ^nfttitv, 
at the same signal. «£«•« «*«<«» 
rd^ivst ^^^^ what swiftness, 
with what degree of speed. 
itro T9UTov% after that. 

dttofitfidlat, -*#••», (««•«, ^iS«^«», I 
cause to go) I disembark. 

d^ofiifieiirmf^ 1 a. o/>. JEolic. A. of 

d^'efiXivrat, ->/*«, and '4/9fAeu, -fii- 
/3Xi^«, («Vfl, ^Xisrw) I look to. 
ixari^Mfft dvrtHkiw'vPt looking to- 
ward each side. 

d^aytyydftcM^ and -yiveifxtt, -yvd- 
^9fMn, -iyvatxa, ^^futt, (««••, y<y- 
fwffxat) I give up an intention. 
«{r8yvA»»i»«i T9V fcdx^^^'Uf to have 
given up the intention of fighu 

dToh^^dxaffiyy I /). of dwaiih^drxa^ 

dvoitixvUfAt, and dmiitixvutiy •}fi|«s 

•dt^<i;^a, 'yfcaty (din, iitxvSfu) 

I point out, direct, appoint. 

\ a. A, dtrthila. I a. P, ««t- 

dxohth^dffxt^ ..^fd^efian^ -^i^^ax«, 
(«ir0, ^i^^Atf-xw, I run away) I 
run away secretly, escape into 
concealment, slip away. 2 a, A. 

(«fr0, ^<^/E*i) I give back^ pay, 




return a favour. I a. A* »*i' 

«tr4«»ir» impers.^ («^^9 h»iiit) it 
seems not good ; I a. A. atri- 
2«^f. fiii «(r«$0^«} fifitv rat ffirw' 
%ks 9'Mwet^fiah lest it may have 
seemed good to us not to con- 
clude the truce. 
cfTtf^tf^jr, 1 a. suhf. ofatraitxtT* 
mirtii^ecifif 2 a. op. A. of etv^ti^MKv, 
tk9'e$0ava4f 2 a, it\f, A. of «tr«ii^- 

/vif«'»*>) I die. 2 a. A' atriil&vof* 

I am put aside, am laid up. 

{»To, »Xt9My I bend) I turn aside. 
I a. A» a^ixXha. 

m9'»»^iUfi»iy •»fit9dv/i*t, ^xit^Tftai, 
(««*«, «(/»«) I answer. 1 a. M- 
a9r%x^nra(Anv, It ^n at^txtx^i- 
fiit§t tTiVy whether they had al- 
ready returned an answer. 

JNtdx^UfTTM, 'X^uylfOiyxix^Slpaf 'fitftaSf 
(«T«, x^vittm) I conceal. The 
M» Voice it used in the tense qf 
the A. 

Ji9foxT%nmy -»tiw,— 2 p. ^ixrwet^ 
(dirof xTiivtt) I slay, kill. I a» A, 

't^futty («<r«, Xafi^iw) I receive 
back, recover, arrest, 1 a. P. 
dirtXr.^nV' ftXX* Iv fiif^ d^ro- 
Xn^^nrt rev ^$rafMv xeu rns ^<«^- 
^^X*Sy ^"t may be intercepted 
m the space between the river 
and the canal. 

•VtfXf/ir^tf, -Xf/'v^M,-*2 p. XfXMfra, 
'■XiUt^ftm^ (mtri^Xuvm) I leave, 

«r«Xf»r«f, «f, «y, (««•«, Xiyti) se- 
lected, picked out. 

dTdXtXttTd^tVy 2 p, ofa^tXii^rm. 

direXifms, I a. inf. A, of»iroXX»/u, 

iwXn^nrty I a, P. ofdv'eXm/ifidvtt. 

dvBXXO/M, and dir»XXSif dwtXi^m, 
Attic dr»XSy av'eXtiXtxtty (««*•, 
ixxs^t I destroy) I destroy ut- 
terly, slay. M. 1 perish. ' 3 a. 
M* dv'^x^fttiJh m d*9X»»>juuwti 

you have slain, how basely I 
«<r<vAfr« vr^ XtfUv^ perished of 
'Afr«XX«y, ttv»ty fii.y Apollo. V. 'a* 

a«'«A.4//U(^«, 2 a. op. M. ofdreXXSfu, 

irtfAfiat, (diriy ^ifiirtt) I send 
away, send back, remit, I a. A» 

irt^xiti^ '9'Xtv^Mf '9rXtv«r»fAttty and 
^XtorevfAtUf -«'f<rXf(/xa, ^Vfiauy 
(dvi, TXiv) I sail away. 1 a. A- 

dvo^iatf -it^«, ntre^fixtCy -fMUy (Jiitt» 
^tf) I am perplexed, am in want 
of, am at a loss, d^ro^tthrts v^ 
irfdyftard, at a loss what to do 
in consequence of the affair. 

dvr»^Tety ettt /, (dtr»^»s) difficulty 
scarcity. tUv rt Wtrfihit^v §ux 
d^o^iof and no scarcity of pro- 

&*«^»s% Off «») («• not, iri(»s) with, 
out a passage, impassable; per- 

dvijfnros^ »s, tv, (awfl, fit, I sayj 
forbidden, not to be spoken. «» 
ya^ dvifffirtf ?y, for it was not 
forbidden to be told. 

d^'do-xd^rrtt, -0'jmb^^«, 'itrx&ftCy 
-fifuu* (diri, wxav-Tttf I dig) I 
dig off. JVwf Vi «•#«/ « £«'«0-««ir- 
Tu Tt, perhaps, too, he is either 
intercepting us somewhere by a 

aT00'fr«*>, -ar«», -i^itdxay -^fiat^ 
(a<r«, ^irdtt) I withdraw. 1 a. 
p. dirt^^a^ftiu irtXu y«^ ain^- 
«'ar0, for it withdrew to a great 
distance. 7y« mt vXirrr** «r«r- 
fraWATMiy, that we may be re- 
moved as far as possible. 

&ir«g-Teci9i9 2 a. o;). il. ofd^Urfifu. 

d^trrkti 2 a. /wW. ^. qfd^irrtifiu^ 

««'«rrfXX«, -«-rf Xat, -irraXxo, -^i, 
(««*«, tf-rtAXAf, I send) I send 
away, dismiss. 

dv'grrfiftuy 2 a. in/I ^. qfd^it^^fu, 

T(»fifAtu, (dvif o'T^i^tt) I bring 
back, recalL 




««'M-r^«^, tift /., {iirtfr^i^m) • uittm, S^pv, ^(amm^ I kindle. M. 

turning away; a place of re- I touch. 

fuge, a resort. avivXir*. 2 a. M* of»>Xv(um 

avwuXuM^ -«•'•», -r»ryX»i*«, -^«i, «f«, conj. then, indeed. 

(ar«, rwXn, plunder) I rob, de- 'A^«/3ia, «*,/, (a^«^, an Arabian) 


{aTo, tf"^^**) I lead back safe, re- 
store safe. ^ a. A, dmetam, 
iir«rti*Vf ' Tif£, 'Tirdxctf -(Aot, (»«-«, 
nUtt, I stretch,) I stretch out, ex. 
tend, us V'Xaytn ttrortTafititm. 
extended in a slanting direction. 

Arabia. i^iXatvvu ^tu vns 'A^a- 
^iatt he naarches through Ara- 
bia, that is, through the part of 
phratesfrom Arabia* 

*A^m^vs, •£/, Tn.f the Araxes,an0er 
in AfesojMtamiaf falling into the 

*A^^KtiS9 «vi fn,t Arbaces, one of the 
generals of Artaxerxet* 

9fMu^ ('£«'«« rttx'tZ*'^ ^ build a d^yu^t&v^ ov^ n. {ofyS^ost silver) a 

wall) I wall off, intercept by a 

drorifivtt, -rtfui* "rirfAWUt^ 'f^^i 
(««••, Tf/KVM, I cut) I cut off. 
aToTfAn^Uris ritf xi^ttXagf hav- 
ing had their heads cut off. 

u^'oTtretiAiva, p» part, P. of iro- 


d^orifinfUy »*9$n9ty -rifuxa, 'fteti, 
(«Vtf, TihfAi) I put away, stow 

u'TorfAnfivritf 1 a. part. P. qf ««•«• 

(«T#, fatten) I show forth, state, 
declare. a^o^vai yyeifinv 9-,'rt 
9M ^«xir, state your opinion, 
whatever seems good to you. 

atet^ivyM, ~(pi^«/juit, and (fnv^oZfiMi, 
^Kptuyety -^i<pvyfuuy{^ci^i, ^tvyv) 
I flee from, escape from, aurt 
dtra^t^tvyastv, nor have they 
fled beyond my reach. 

dcri^nmh 1 ^ imper, M» of i^o^Uu. 

d^oX^i^^t -^^ ^^^ 'Wo/Aoty •xiX'^' 
^n*»* (»^»i X'^i'^") ^ S^ away, 

&9'»yp7i(piZoficUf '^pti^ifftfiaty and ^n^ 

T^tfjMt, I vote) I vote against, de- 
cide against. 
d^^a(pec^i^TCi>S,adV'i (a^ not, w^^a 
^i^ofiuut I excuse) without ex- 
cuse, unhesitadngly. d^-^o^tt- 
triffr$0s liveut to advance without 

piece of silver, money. fh»»xt 

Tc^yiet d^yv^icv rSf AxtrrUm^ 

gave a sum of money to 

Gorgias of Leontini, that is, 

became a pupil of Gorgias. 
^(it, I water, irrigate. 
»^iffxMy d^i^tt, I please. 
o^^trri^ US, f, goodness, excellence 

of any kind, rns w^Mt* tnxm. 

91^1 t/cu dfirrit* on account of 

their former fidelity to me. r«9 

Kv^ev ec^iTti; the magnanimity 

of Cyrus. 
d^vyej, d^nlt, I succour, lend as- 

sistance to. 
A^iaTosi 0v, m» Ariaeus, a lieutenant 

of Cyrus. 
d^JfAofy «t/, fn., number, d^tffus 

Sf rns •^eZ, now the length of the 

i^iffreCf adv. , {S.^iffT^s') best. 
doitrrt^if, a, «y, left, iy d^t^rt^fy 

(x^7q') on the left hand. 
A^lvrtv^rcsy »Vy vro., Aristippus, one 

of the Greek generals of Cyrus. 
a^tffmy ov, n., breakfast, food. 

m^tffr^v yet^ oux i^rtfj for we 

have nothing to eat. 
i^tvrosy fly 09, ('A^n; , Mars) bravest, 

best, noblest Used as a super. 

ofiy&Sdf. Comp. d^tiatt. 
'A^xif, d^xi^osy in.y an Arcadian. 
d^xiu^ 4g-ejy I suffice, am suflScient. 
u^xros, ou, Cy a bear ; the consteL 

lation of the Bear ; the north. 

^•^•s £^xr«»f towards the Bortb* 




&ffut, eSrtff, ».| a chariot. 

carriage) a covered carriage, for 
women and children, 

a^vraJ^eiy -A^en^ and 'A^ofieciy ^^9r&Ktty 
-^fiat^ I carry off. ru h^vraffAua 
avi^airtletf the slaves that had 
been carried off. 

* A^retyi^^ns, »f, »!.» Artagerses, a 
Persian general, 

* A^Ta|i«|*}f < «t/, w. , Artaxerxes, king 
of Persia, 

'A^reio^osy *t/, m., A rtaoz US, a Per- 

*A^'ra9'eirtifj «{;, m., Artapatas, a 
Persian wand. bearer of Ct/rus, 

"A^rtfAtSfthfjf. Diana. 

a^Tof, 01/, m. bread, a loaf. 

ei^X'^J^S* «. 0Vf {i^x^) ancient. fAirk 
Ky^av T»v a^x**^** since the time 
of Cyrus the elder, ri d^x'^Tev, 

«e<Jt:''» "^j/* * beginning; govern- 
ment, empire. 

»iX**'^9 *»> ••> C*?;^'') ^* *° com- 
mand, skilled in generalship. 
^^it 'TO a^;^ix0y i7v«/, for being 
fitted for command. 

^tX'^^ -^> ^iX»* -yf^eei, (»^X^) 
I rule, command ; begin, rod 
2u^iaf el^^etvTos^ the former gov 
ernor of Syria. &^^avrsf rev 
liaHuivuv, having led the way in 
crossing. is ei^x^f^*^**i those 
under his command. 

i^X^** »»T»f, »»., (ei^x^) * ruler, 

A^Mfiuty Artfy n.y a spice, sweet herb. 

a^0r}s* fiSy tst («, not, g-ifiofy I wor 
ship) impious. 

eifffitnvy WM, (iffhvfts), I am weak, 
become infirm. 

Mivhit fn% iff {oiy not, ffiivtfi 
strength) weak. 

da-tfZf, adv., {elvivtis unhurt) with 
out injury, without doing harm 

S,fir»Sy «Sy ofy («, oot, fTref) with< 
out food, hungry. 

iffitfoty *), »v, {ii^e>t) glad, ag-fitves 
\t0^itt», have seen you gladly, 
am glad to see you. 

*A#iriy$4«/, «v, m.y the Aspcndians, 

natives of Asjtendus^ a town in 

ifftrUf t^ost fy a large circular 
shield, a shield ; heavy.armed 
men. rets av^rihets ^r^hg rot yom 
vara fiivraS', having placed their 
shields against their knees, that 
M, in a posture for meeting an 

ett-T^d'TTu, ^aty I glitter. Imp, 
HffT^etTTov. ;^/eXx0; rig tt^T^aiCTtt 
something made of brass began 
to glitter. 

dff(paXtg'TeiTosy Ht «>9 {dg-^AXrify safe) 
safest, iv ai^^a.Xtarroc.rM {re^rv) 
in the safest place. 

eiff^eiXres^ ev, fy asphalt, bitumen, 
iv eiff<peiXTu Ktifciveusy laid in, ce- 
mented with, bitumen. 

AraKTOf, 0;, 0y, (a, not, rdffvoi) out 
of order, disordered. 

irtfAo^ojf &^ojf nniA&Kcty ^fffiat^ (a, 
not, niieioj) I hold in dishonour, 
disgrace. 1 a. part. P, drifjteterfius, 

*Arrtxbs, 01/, m. an Athenian. 

aZ, adv. again, on the other hand, 
moreover. »ett S itri^etro av tij, 
and, moreover, whatever any one 
had acquired. 

avatvu, av&vuy I dry ; Sometimes 
found vdlhout an augment. oXog 
avaUtrot withered completely 

aZSify adv.y (a?) again, besides, «v- 
^t( Ti fiy9}ff0fAtv«s ivhU tvreuy 
and, besides, there will be no 
one to guide us. 

avXi^ofjiai, ifofjten, {etvXvtt a court- 
yard) I lodge, encamp. •>$ 
\rvyx«-^oAKafr»i nvXi^evTOy quar- 
tered themselves as they severally 
chanced to find guartersy as they 
severally could, 

otvXat^i M90f, fn., a canal. 

avTTxuy adv.y forthwith, immedi- 

avra^ty adv., {aM$) there. 

KVTOfA&rof, If, »Vy and 0;, 0», {aMsf 
fidu, I strive after) self-acting, 
voluntary. {« rav ethrofiairwy 
and a^rh rav ahrifutrcvy oH their 
own accord. 




fMk9$) I desert. 1 o. A» «tfr«- 

1 will go) a deserter. 

ai/Tdsy fit •, pron. he, she, it, he 
himself. « airig, the same. 
}t avrm rSif ir»XtfAim, through 
the enemy themselves. Qta) 
mvTc «5r*, for the very reason. 
Iv ry ttvrif {ri*if) in the same 

«vr«tf, adv»t («vrof) there, here, 

uurcvfor letvrcu* 

tkt^itt) I take away, deprive of. 

2 a. M. eipiik«fittiv» cvhifct &v 
*mfT* u(ptix.tTdy he would never 
take away from such a person. 
a.<peu^u^ia.t rout iMi**?irr«f "EAXu- 
v»t rhv yht to deprive the Greek 
settlers of their land. Verbs 
sisnifi/ing ' to take away,'' are 
comtnied with two accusatives^ 
one of the j)erson, tlie other of the 

ap&nis, fity if, («i not, ^«/v«) un- 
seen, out of sight. (x«r«) ra 
fAh Ifi i(pet^ny with regard to his 
private character, indeed. 

k^^Tot^at^ 'A^aty and &9^dfMU, a^^» 
w-oExtf, -^fAM, (««-i, affl-a^^) I 
snatch away, carry off, plunder. 
xeii rnv X'^i'^* fAti»iri «^«^«'«C«*'- 
^tti, and that the country should 
no longer be plundered. 

i^itiifrAray adv,,(i^ithfis% unspar- 
ing) most unsparingly. 

i^u»U»h 1 P' inf. qfa<pififM. 

iL^iiktre, 2 a, M. ofi^eti^iat' 

it^ilvetiy 2 a. inf. A- ofa(pinfAt, 

&^ivra, 2 a. part. A, ofipnfM. 

&pe-rv»taravy I plup* of »^UrnfAu 

a^ivrnxti, $«, {a^i^mfAi) I with- 
draw from, stand aloof. 

ii^i^ivSnt^fl. inf. M, ofdwix*'. 

d^hviet, «{, /., Up^nty abundant) 
plenty, abundance. 

a friendly country. ri Sltt» 

a^txifoij had let in the water. 
i^ixvUfiauy -ijQtftMt^ •tyfimtt («ri 

UvidfMci, I come) I come to. 

2 a. M* ot^iMfAnf, 
J^i»»9T9y 2 a, M, ofi^txncfiau 
J^tv-mtt, .4vr«( («ri, Iwith) I ride 

away, ride back. 
•^/rrnAM, Aircrrm, «^frTif««, 

'AfAast (««-i, IfTtifiu) I put away, 

remove ; revolt. 2 a. A, mtr%0' 

Aira^ratiit how he might go and 

conceal himself in some stroni;. 

i^vkttzTtt, §ty 99y (A, not, ^vX»^rm) 

'Axaiof, ev, m., an Achaian, a na« 

tive of Achaia. 
kx»Sirrtt, Hy 99, («, not, x»t's) 

ungrateful, thankless. ovM 

fiufiia9y he never allowed the zeal 
of any such one to go unre. 
warded. Xiyut wk mx^trnt, 
you spetik right pleasantly, said 

ax»iifre0s^ adv,^ {»X*^V^t) "**" 
gratefully. j[y thx mx»^srT»tt 
fict ^U9 (,lavT9)y that there will be 
no want of gratitude toward me. 

ax^ofiMy otxf'wfMu, I am indig. 
nant, am disquieted. itXi9 tfx' 
hrc, was no way disquieted. 

'Ixih ^nd »x(*(f ^»» until. 

uypiv^d9, «o, «. wormwood. 


B«/3t;XA»», ••»*#,/., Babylon. 
Ba/^X«#»;«, «f ,/., (fimfivXm) Baby- 

Ionia or Chaldasa, the modem 

Irak Arabu 
dafies, i«f, Ik, iMvt) depth. 
fiafiuf, !?«, Uy deep. 
/3«»T«)(r«, mty /., (fi»xrc9, a Staff) 

a baton. 

d^ififMt apwttt aptixtt, ^fiuh (arij fiaX&ftst •v^f»t an acorn, a date. 
Itifiu) I send away, let go, let|i3«xX4», fiaXSy /ScjSXhxa, -/mjm, I 
loose. 2 a. A. «^^y. v'^it ft' | throw, pelu mutm « l^«xx«f, 
xUp dfitPM, to send us away to began to pelt both hiai. 




Beiv'rtt, /Sa>/'«, jSej3«^/u«/, I dip. 
tit itff^rtia fidv'rofrtf \i^o(y dip- 
ping a sword into the hollow of 
a shield, in which the blood qf 
the victims had been caught. 

^^(itt^titofi fi, 0y, ifia^fi&^os) barba- 
rian, Persian. 

fiet^fietQixeHf^ adV; (fia^fia^Yxos) in 
the Persian language. 

^^^A^ofy 01/, m., a barbarian. 

^(ituf, adV',{li(t^vs, heavy )lieavily. 
fia^ioff tp(0v, took it ill. /3a- 
fiuf fuv tfxovfetVf heard them 
with pain. 

/SariAi/a, as, /., {(iag'tXtvs) a king- 

fieifixtio9, 0t/, 91., {(ix^rxivs) a pa- 
lace ; seldom used in the sin- 

fiariXttof, a, ot, and 0;, 0y, (JiaarX' 
Xii/s^ kingly, royal. 

fia^tXtvs, tats, wi., a king. fiiyttf 
fieto'tXivf, the great king, i. e. the 
king of Persia, 

^^iXtvtt^ 0'M, (itfia^tXtVKU, ((i»g-7- 
Xtvs) I am king, reign, dig /3a- 
^iXtvffovTi, as to its future king. 

fiei^tXtKof, f), 0v, ((iua^iXtuf) kingly, 
royal. Sup. (ia^sXtx^rares, most 
princely, most fit to reign. 

fii^euost «, 0y, and ofy 0», (/3a/ya;, I 
go) firm, stedfasf, constant. 

B«Xf0-t;$, Ses, fw., Belesys, a Persian 

fitXTtovs for j8iXr/0y«j, ace. pi of 

fitXrlvv, ary, 0y, comp. of etydfioit 
better, superior. 

fitXrio'TOf, »», 0y, sup, of ay&fiof, 
best, bravest, uvd^af en xXi/V- 
rovf XU4 (iiXri^Tovft as many and 
as brave men as possible. 

/3/«, ecfyf,^ force, (iiet by force. 

fiid^afieiif (iiMofiat, (itfiiete-fiai, {(iiet) 
I force, overpower. fisaffeifAtvot 
T»vf ^oXifjtioufy having dislodged 
the enemy. ifita^tro, endea- 
voured to force. 

fitaius', adv.y (jS/«) with force, vio- 

fiixof, ou, 971., an earthen wine-ves- 
sel, a cask. 

(ii«s, cv, m., life; means of sub- 
sistence, food. 

jSA^u, fjsy /, (i3X/^crr«, I injure) 
damage, loss. 

^XecxtvAt, aratt (jSXa^, sluggish) I 
am sluggish, am remissj 

/SXifTAf, <v/'», and •^'Ofjt.eti^ I look. 
hi ytiv ^Xi^ovra^ looking Or 
pointing toward the ground. 

{ioiojf (ionffOfAKi^ (itfiei^fiaif (/S0)i, a 
cry) I call aloud, exclaim. 

(ioinfiiia, asf /, (fioTi^iu) aid, assist- 

P>on6iu, 'nere^i pttfionHxa., -ft,»i, {(ion^ 
a cry, ^ia>) I help, succour. 

(ieturJosy evy 971., a Boeotian. 

PtovXiuwy -rw, /3ij3<9t;Ait/xa, -^a/, 
(/30yX«, counsel) I counsel ; 
plan. M. I deliberate, i? rt 
iuo) xaxov (iooXtvotSt if you should 
design any mischief to me. ra, 
avTu rowra fievXtvafAtvevsj medi- 
tating the very same thing. 

fievXofiau^ -viffdfAtity (ii^ovX fifiaty I am 
willing, wish, choose. Imp, 
l(iovXofAnvy and fifiovXofjLnv. 1 a, 
P. l^ovX^^tiVy and nfhouXnhv' 
2 pers. sing, pres. ind, ^evXu. 
utfl^eira ri ^ouXoivTOy asked aloud 
what they wanted. 

fiovf, ^oosj c, an ox. 

/S^aScoff, adv.y (/S^a^i/;, slow) 

(i^ei^vf, ttety V, small, short. Comp. 
(i^et^vTt^oSi sup. (i^a^vTarof^ and 
fi^eiffffeuVf (i^»^i9'r«s. /3g«;t''> * 
short distance. 

(i^ixeoi /3«/3g«7/a«i, I wet. 1 a, P. 

fioffiesf ovy m.y an altar. 


ya.fA9Sy oVf 971., marriage, ix) y«- 
fiefj for the purpose of marrying 

yetfit COHJ-9 ^^^' *^ y'^Sy ^^^' *^^* 
yei^y you do not think, do you ? 
xtti yet^ CUV, and therefore. 

yafT^^, yao'Tt^cgy yd^r^ogy /., the 




T»vktrfit, 6Vf fit., Gaulltes, a native 

y$t indeed, at least. 
yfytvtifAivett P* P'JrU P* of yiyf^- 

ytyetiff, 2/?. part, of yiyvdfitu, 
yiy^etitreUi p. P, of y^m^tt* 
yiirttv^ nafj c, a neighbour. 
ytkAatf Avofiuty I laugh. 1 a* A* 

yiX-ut^ atrof, m., iyik&at) laughter. 
ytvtkt »i\f"i {ytyvafceu) birth. 
ytvuetat, affct, (yimav^ a beard) I 

have a beard, am adult. 
yin^fieu, 2 a, inf, M. ofyiyvtfiMu 
yifottre, 2 a, op. M, ofyiyvofMU, 
yivetf tdSj w., {yiyvdfiat) birth, yi- 

vii, by birth. 
ytpp^yy tOf »., a shield, made of 

wicker -work and covered with ox- 

hide, used by tfie Persiane. 

shield-bearing ; a shield-bearer. 

ytveitf ytvg-tt, yiytvfAat, I make to 
taste. M. I taste. 1 a. inf. M. 

yipc^mt ««>/•» * bridge. 

y«» y^ifif't {for yiu) earth ; land, 
country. x«r« ytiv, by land. 

ynXd^oi, 0t;, m., (7?, Xi^ts) a hill, 
a height 

yiyvdfAeu, and yUofieu^ ytvnff«f*atf yi- 
yivr,fAaiy I am ; am born ; happen. 
2a,Af,iyiV0fmV' 2p,yiy0va, yt" 
y«>i>t a^o AtjfMi^eircVf descended 
from Demaratus. v-avrtt ra 
yiytvufAtvaf all that had hap- 
pened. S^rt lyivtTt, 80 that it 
was in the power of. Hf }l tZ 
yivnrat r/, but if any success 
should attend you. hiXv iyiy- 
nrt, afternoon was coming on. 
clfx lytyvtTd ra /i^«, the victims 
were not favourable, raig yty. 
»»fiif9vt "ia^fMut^ the tribute aris- 

yiynv^HMf and ytvtt^xt^ yfttvcfiMi, 
ty9tt»»t -r^AM, I know, recog. 
nise, think. 2 a. A, tyftty. «^. 
rt ytyftifjuty I thus think. 
yvMtii, you will find, expe- 

t>j!us% «v, m., Gluf, one qf the gen* 
eralt of Cyrut, 

yytifAtit nft f'% (ytyftifMt) oplDion, 
mind, juagment, plan, rif 
yytififif txuff what opinion do 
you entertain ? «0r« rhf ytmfiw 
thirty be of this opinion, be as. 
sured. tx^^^ ^'i" yyttm^nf^ to di« 
rect their minds, ij }ii yvtifin 
hy and the design was. yY«/uf|, 
from principle. &viv rns 7*«- 
f*.fity without the consent. 

yfM0tfhyft» M» of ytyvttgiut^ 

yovv, yov&Tof, yevv&rof, yifS^ty ycv' 
vift ycvdf, n.y the knee. I)at, 
pi. yif&^t, and ycuvikvt, 

Vd^ylm^ «v, m., Gorgias, a eophiit 
o/Leontini^ in Sicily. 

y^ei^tty ypet, yiy^A^a^ •fcfMttf I write, 
1 a. A. ty^et^pa, 

yufivei^Ui •kg'tt^ ytyufAfUxa^ '•efuity 
{yvfivif) I exercise. 1 a. inf. A, 

yvfAvnsy nrct^ and yvf/bf^rtitt «v* fn,, 
{yvfivif) a light-arraed foot- 

yvfifist *f* ft naked, lic^tvytt yv/t^ 
ni, escapes without her mantle, 
that ity with only her under' 

yu fnt yuvaixityf.^ a woman, a wife. , 
Voc* yufah 

Tv^^vaSf •vy and «, m.y Gobryas, 
otie of the generalt qf Artaxerxeu 

tear) I weep. 
A«ya, «y, »., Dana, a iotm in Cap* 

itiit&vMt 'ti^tiy h^ntreiftixmy -^t«<, 

Qairaffit expense) I expend, lay 

out money. Imp. Hm^'dftt*. 
A«^^fi(, vrofy tn., the Dardes, a 

river in Syria, 
lei^uxisy ouy m., a Persian gold coin, 

a daric, of the value of about a 

£M^%i»ty tty m.y Darius Nbthuty 

king of Persia. 



ht0fMSf «vi m., ()«i«9 diTide) tri. 
bute, revenue. 

Wvf , tr«, P, thick, thickly grown. 

%l, conj,, but, and, for. 

%iin\tira4y p. P, qfifi\it» 

hhMfy 2 p. part, ofitthat, 

I'thtxa, 2 p, Ofhiiet. 

hhfAtvtiff p, part P. of^tlt/uu. 

hnfnveih 1 fl. t»/. P, ofhttu, 

%u, hn^Uy impers. , pi«, I bind) it 
is necessary, tlf ri ^tdv, favour> 

hiia*, hi^afMUy 2 p. JiJw*«, and 
iiisec^ I fear. 1 a. A* i^t/ra. 

>«/X»i, w, /., afternoon, evening. 
trt II eifcpl luX9}tj for while it 
was yet early in the afternoon. 

lufof, n, *», (Sjof, fear) terrible, 
strict, skilful. Iv httS «yra, in- 
volved in danger, 'iufbv itKovo" 
fA»9y a skilful manager, luws 
X.%yu9y clever at speaking. 

2ir<ryo», »!/, n., a meal ; bupper. 

)Sxa, adj. indecLt ten. 

)iy^^«y, 0v, n., a tree. 

^J» hlihw (»ig«f ) the right wing. 

lay (;t;*'f *) *^«^*» ««' n^im, I re- 
ceived his right hand and gave 
him mine, as a pledge of mutual 
amity, hl^af -?^f^«y, brought 

h(fi», &T6Sy n.,{y*^»f, I flay) a skin. 

tir^irvit, cu, «i., (hriro^tt, I rule) 
a lord, a master. 

)«t;^«, adv.^ hither. 

tivn^avy adc, Qtvrtfot) a second 

^vn0«s, a, 09, {^ve) second, to 
hurt^o9, the second time. 

ytX^fim, lil/tfiat, Viity/Mu, I receive, 
accept. »v» i^i;^0v<r«, did not 
wait to receive them. &kXk 2f- 
;^«^«< rt, well, I both accept of 

^ut, itn^ct, iih^»», -iMttt I want. 
M. I need* wish, request, beg 
Jw* rcv^ti^^eut by want. 1 a. inf. 
P. hn^nvaty to have requested. 

Mt a<<v., truly, indeed, now. xm 
).}, already. 

lti>.0tf fly «9y and f, «y, visible, clear, 
manifest. }iiXof n* iuM/Auty was 
evidently vexed. 

^flXoiv, «0'«, ^iS^XAfxa, |C6ai, QfiX»$) 

1 make visible, show. 
Afifut^£r&Sf 00, fn., Demaratus, a 

king of Sparta. 

Ai, /or Aia, ace. 0^ Zii;;. 

J/ /or h». 

3i«, ;>r^/7. governing the gen, and 
ace. With the gen. through, by 
means of. With the ace. on ac- 
count of. hk rax'*"*) suddenly. 

ha^KtvWf '^wtfittit -/St^fjxa, (^sa, 
^etivu, I go) I cross, pass through. 

2 a. A, m^nv. Inf. hafiweu. 
^/«/3aXA.a», ^ikSy -/3f/3X)}xa, -fietty 

(lici, /SaXXAr) I throw over ; slan- 
der, calumniate, accuse falsely. 

hd^^is, >»;, / , (Si«/3«/y») a cross- 
ing over, a ford, ^ta&arus, 
crossings, that it^ temporary 

^lajSarctff, a, «y, (^m /3«iy«) that 
roust be crossed. 

^la^dreff t), 0y, (^ha^atvtt) passable, 

'^la&ififlMTttft 1 p. part, of^ta^aivat, 

^ia/3Ny«i, 2 a. inf. A, of%m&a$w. 

^/a/3«Xfi, fit, /, (S/a/3aAX«) a false 

'ii»yytX4n, 1 a. ^u^' P» of hmy~ 

hayyiXXttf -iAa;, 'inyytkum, 'futty 
(ha, tiyyiXk^) I send a message, 
report, bear tidings. 1 a. h{f. 
A. hctyyttXat, ) a. P. htiyyik' 


hetytXim^ -AvaftMSy {}iiy ytXAt) I 
laugh at, sneer at. 

^Myiy^cfutiy and 'iietyUtfimty -yiy^rtf- 
fAcu, -ytyivnfiutiy (J/«, yiyvefctu) 
I go through, pass, njy vuxra 
^<t^fy«yr«, passed the night, «-«- 
Af^y inyinrty continued mak- 
ing war. \ff6UfTi$ %nyiy9«9r»y 
continued eating, supported 
themselves by eating. It isfoU 
lowed by the part, of another verby 
instead of the inf. 

h»yt0y .«5«, 'nx«9 -yt^i P'«^, &y») 
I carry OTer; continues Un- 




passed t/ie time in mentioning 
hopes, continued to hold out 

yt^ofiti-i) I receive from another, 
succeed another. h»h;^ofji,ivot 
roTf ?irr0/f, succeeding each 
other with fresh horses 
itait^oMy for ^tei^i^e^fM, imp. ittit- 

(hott ii^offAi) I distribute. 2 a. A. 

ita^fiint 2 a. op. A, Of^iahtiatfAu 

(tei (I divide, destroy. 2 a. ^. 
dit?Xdy. ^iiXevTtf riif yiipvpa*, 
having broken down the bridge. 

^laxufjteuy 'Xtifo/zat^ {^loty xiTfjtau) I 
am disposed, am affected. ^fiXog 
T n^ ireivv ^tkixHf oiofitvos ^t»xt7ir- 
itii^ both appeared confidently 
to think that he was very kindly 
disposed towards him. 

^iftx/y^vvi^Af, 'luaojy (^ia, xiiihvnuo*) 
I run all risks, encounter danger. 

^tuxi^roty -'v/'or, 'xixt^et, -fi,fjt,at^ 
(Jia, xoxtm) I cut through, cut 
to pieces. 

itKxofftoh «', »f (}tSy twicp, txxrov) 
two hundred. 

iutXiyofAat, 'Xi^ofJtai, -«/X»jy^aM,(Jia, 
Xiyait) I converse with, talk 
with. 1 a. part. P. hecXtx^'us. 

ttaXiiitUn 'XiiyJ/et, 2 p» xiXct-ra, -Xi- 
Xti/^fiMt, (ita, Xtiiteu) I leave an 
interval. ^taXtt^'avo-t Vixeifrfi ira- 
»a^ayyfift and are distant a pa« 
rasang from each other. 

Ji«Xi;^;^»»Tif , 1 a. part, P. of ^m- 

voof) I intend, purpose. 
^lu^ifi'TAt, -9-ifA^pUy '9r%'rafx.<pXy -irf- 

mfifMiiy (iia, xifA^-et) I send 

through ; send about. 
^ta^tv^ayfiivef, p. part. P, of J/«- 

vt^ivtf) I convey over. jl/. I 
go through, pass along. 

%ta^(ei^9-«ty and hmirfdrrafj ht^cIm, 

I accomplish. ^latrifr^c^^tM; 
va^ei fiaffiXiatf, having obtained 
from the king. 

^la^Tcil^a^f -&fM and affCfitm^ -^^ 
trixety -f/Mu^ (}'»» apv'ei^v) I 
spoil, plunder, carry on as plun- 
der. I a. A. %tfi^*dtwa, 

ha^n/MitvMt -avSy •^iffnfAOfffiMty Oti% 
fn/ieiivu) I declare distinctly, 
state openly. I a. A, ^4tff^/iti*a. 

Uetv^recetf -ff^&fftt^ itrveikxtty -^fieuy 
{}teiy f^reiv) I tear asunder, sepd. 
rate, ri^ %tiffvoia6ai Tats ^unatfAUt^ 
in the separation of its forces. 

Itag'trti^oit, -^9-t^Sy 'icr^et^ftaiy (Ji«, 
ff9-u^aty I sow) I scatter, dis- 
perse. ^i» TO ttttrtrei^fiat uvr^ t» 
fr^eirtvfAUy on account of the 
dispersion of his army. 

haarreiyrts, 2 a. part, A , ofhUm/u* 

iiareiff^Mf and iiaraTrvy -rc^, 
-rira^etf -yftaty {ha, rav^at) I ar- 
range, draw up. 1 a. A. htraJ^x. 

hxTiXivy -rtXcff-*, Attic T^xSy -rt- 
riXtxttty ~ffuu^ (^iA, rcXi«, 1 end) 
I accomplish. vgl% uht^ ^i«n- 
Xxtreti (ni» «$«») to continue his 
march to water, to arrive at 

hartfiflfAtt haJn^tty -ri/i/xa, -^^ 
(^iCE, TttnfAt) I set, arrange ; dis. 
pose, ovrtt hanfiiif, so dispos. 
ing, conciliating them. 

hoLT^t^aHy -ypti/^ -virfi^et^ •fifMU, (Ji«, 
r^//3«, 1 wear away) I spend, 
waste time, delay. 

heKpt^otrttf, cdv.y (^i«^^*r) differ- 
ently ; especially, in a distin- 
guished manner. 

(Si«2, ^t^«) I diff*er. (x4ir)«v)f» 
hi^iaiy differed in nothing. 

J'«;t»/C'^«»t -ir4», pi«, ;c*^ri i ^^^^ 
in hand, manage. kutS )ii;^u- 
^iX^tra, were managed for him. 

hiaax&XaSy «ii, m.^ (^»Ui0x§0) a 

teach, instruct, point out. M. 
I learn. 




give. I a. A. t^e^xet, 2 a. A* 
t^MV. 1 a. P. Utf^fiy. 

Wirtftvatt to inflict punishment. 
^/^tfvjB/ 2/xii», to suffer punish, 
ment. jf;^i/ t^v S/x)}y, has suf- 
fered his punishment. 
^tcTty conj. , (S/ftt tfri) because that. 

ht^^ev, imp. ofhuti^oM. '^i0';^iXi0i, «/, », (^Z;, twice, ;^/Ai0i) 

hitX^Tfitt imp. ofhixt*' \ two thousand. 

2<iAa(;y», -iX&vut Attic fX*l, -cXi7- ii^ft^a^ »Sy /., a hide. 

AcSxa, -/Ktfi, (^/«, IXetvyof) I drive ^ij^^f^rvof, d, 0», (^i^e^a) made of 

through, ride through. I a. A.\ skins or hides. 

ii^Xag'a. 2t^Q9f, cu, m. , a chariot.board ; the 

inXfiivrts, 2 a, part. A, of lii^x^- 


^iiXtfyri;, 2 a. par/. J. ofhat^. 

body of a chariot. ut0 to?; S/^- 
^0/;, from under the bodies of 
the chariots. 

%i^X^f'*'* ^*i^*^^ofi»i^ 2 p. inXn- huKetf ei^M, and ti^&fieu, I follow, 
xsiety (3ia, t^x^fceu) I pass over, j pursue. 

2 a. A- ^4rix^0t. Xoy»s^ A ^/<tf^t/|, t;;^^;,/., (^/«, o^t/ff'ff'a;) a canal, 
report spread, ^nk^ovris ll r^tTs W^va/, 1 a. inf. P. of^iheafAt. 
^rafifAohs, and having marched Jaxi^, Jal*,, JsSay^Mt/, sometimes h' 

three stages. 

^if^Ti^nyt, 1 a. A. oflietffifAcitvta, 

hiff^ri^Sai, P' inf. P. of ^la^^rti^ttt 

iiUxoff 2 a. A. oflU^f. 

iUx'^9 ^"'5*' "'^'^ 'hieurx*^'*'^ ^'^*'- 
;^j»*«, -fAetty i}i»i «;c*') ^ ^®®P 
apart^ am distant. Imp. ^iL^**, 

2 a. lii^x^*' 
htik&a-ec, 1 a. -4. ofhtXuvvat, 
JijjX^t, 2 a. -<^. oflU^^futi. 
hn^&^uv, I a. A' ofdia^vrdZ"- 
^urrfifAi, het^T^e-aty J/i^tj{»«, /i^- 

rAfteti, Qi», 'Ifrnfiti) I set apart, ! 

xffff'tf, ^t^0xt)|C6a/, I seem, think, 
expect. 1 a, A. tho\a. xeu 
alfX^vt^fiai ftoi ^»KVy methinks I 
am even ashamed. tho\i retvretf 
these things seemed good, were 
approved of. 

^tfXitff, «t 0v, and Off tf't (}oXcs, de- 
ceit) deceitful, perfidious. 

^X«fnf, Hv, tn., the Dolopians, a 
people of ThesstUy. 

^ol», tift /• 9 Q»KUit) an opinion, ex- 
pectation. ira^k ni* ^i^av at>- 
Ttft;, contrary to his expectation. 

divide. 2 a. itUrm, The 2a. \lt^x«ig, S^ioStf*y {li^xofAat, I#ee) an 

-^•. I P f 1 P'wp., and JIf. Voice 
are used in a neiUer sense; I 
stand apart. 

^Ueuegy «, tf», and 0f , #», (Ji«*») just, 
right, i/ filv In Vtxaua, xatwt*, 
whether, indeed, I shall be act- 
ing justly, g-hv ry ^ttutitfy U 
Tov iiiutiov, consistently with 

lt»4tt»^Svti, fisj /. (^i»«/«0 justice. 
**s y* f*^* %ixato9'uviiv, with re- 
gard, indeed, to the practice of 
justice ; with regard, indeed, to 
upright conduct. 

^tMiTttf, tir»s,f, {ytMtfif) justice, 
honest dealing. 

hxmittt, adv., Oi»m»f) justly, de- 

?;»!!, titt /.. rigl>^ justice. )/»«» 

antelope, a gazelle; so called 
from having large bright eyes. 
y»^ittfr9t, ouy m.f {Jii^ir»fy supper) 

Id^itt n., a spear. 
'hovXty «Uy m., a slave, a subject. 
hufett, 2 a. inf. A. of^titt/M. 
^tfUflriM, -nftify 2 p, Viidtnrety Octnt«s) 

I make a noise. 
^9v^tt «(/, m.y a noise, uproar. 

scythe, ^i^et) scythe- bearing. 

'ififiH, «vy wi., ^%i^«fAM^ 2 p, of 
r^iX") ^ running, race. 

^vf&fMtty imn^pfiai, it^vftifiat, I am 
able. Imp. ilvwfifiv and nlvfa" 
ftfif, I a. P. l^tnnin^i n^vrn/fiv, 
and Uv»iir#fi*« ^utw^til^iftsns *f 




i^vy«r«y having obtained what- 
ever means he could. o,ri ihvvat, 
as nauch as you could, h otiTty 
aXXfi 'iutafi.ttt}, was equivalent 
to nothing else, i ^t ^iyXcg ^V' 
faraiy and the siglus is worth. 
^iXof TCts fAiyiffra ^vvafiivais^ a 
friend with the most powerful. 
&v Tt ^vva/yrat ayafiov, whatever 
favour they can. 

%vv&, «4»;, /., (luvecfiai) power, 
ability ; army, iyv^f rhv ^tetv- 
T6U ^vmfjuvy you learned your 
own power, became aware of 
your weakness, tit y^ Ivm/titv^ 
to the utmost of our power at 

Ivva^Tfis* flt/, m. , Qvra/tiai) a power- 
ful person, a chief man. 

Ivv&Tos, fi) a», OvvetfiBii) able, pos- 
sible. d>s ^vveiroVf as far as pos- 
sible. »} ^uvetrov fceiXi^reif as im- 
plicitly as possible. 

ivvetf ^va^ofiaiy ^ttvHat I enter, set. 
fikiau ^vvovTof, the sun setting. 

ivi and ^t/», it/oTv and ivtTv, two. 
Sometimes used as indeclinable. 

iva^v'e^ivroef «s, C¥, Qof, with diffi- 
culty, ire^tvtt) difficult to pass. 

}6^9-o^9Sf «;, tfV) {ivf, with difficulty, 
9ro^as) difficult to pass, scarcely 

^utj, iufotf yihOxaty ytiS/MUf I make 
to enter. M, I enter ; set. 
^kt9g i^vtr^y the sun was setting. 

2«^ixa, a^, indecLy {}u«y lUa) 

}i^o>, o»y n.y Qi^m/m) a gift, pre- 

lav, conj. if, same as Hf and &fy foU 
lowed by the sulj. 

\aivrtivy nst «t;, pron. (I, ace, of ouy 
mvrct) of himself, herself, itself. 
h \u,vr^ tyinro^ came to him- 
self. tttvr»t \p* l«vr*r» i;^«^(«v»} 
marched by themselves. 

U«, lcr«, i7«»«, -/K«<, I permit* 
J/np. hm, I a* J, iiM^rn* 

\yyvtt adv., near. Comjf* lyyurt- 
^o¥y sup, lyyvrarat ^^^ lyyu' 

iyiX&^t, la,A»ofytXM, 
lymroy 2 a, M, of yiyyo/ieu, 
iyxikiu^roty og, evy (tVy xiXtvtt) or- 

dered, suborned. 
iyKt^aXoSy oot m.y (if, xt^etXri) the 
brain ; pith, rov tyxi(pet\ov rou 
^oivixcs, the pith of the palm- 
iyx^&Tfif, »jf, t$, (l», Kg«r*j) strong. 
revTuv iyx^etntf, masters of 
HyvMfy andtyfa/^»>; 2 a, A, ofyty- 

ty^a^^eCj \ a. A, of y^ai^M. 

iyeJ, \(AoOy ftevj pron,, I. 

iyeiyty pron., (tyA*, yt) I at least, 
I for my part. 

'i^tiffav, 1 a. A' of^it^at, 

tholi^ la. A, ofhxia,. 

t^offuvf 2 a. A» of^ihvfAt, 

i^avstfio'etVy I a, A. oftcvsriof, 

t^&vM, imp. of^vvafcKi, 

t^ofxeiy I a. A, Of^tlufii, 

l^tuyfitivn, p, jrart, P, of ^ivyvufn, 

ihXovTinst evf m., {UiXu) a volun- 
teer. Adj. voluntary, willing. 
rovt IhXeyras ^iXtUfy OUr will- 
mg friends. 

i#cA.«, -fiff'Af, ft^iXfixci., I am willing, 
wish. Imp, UtXo¥t and HfitXat, 
»lx HhXi, would not. 

Uvof, %osy n-, a nation, xark iifn% 
by nations, each nation sepa- 

i7, coiy., if, whether. %1 wtt, if in 
any tray. c7 uny if not, except. 

tiaiyimp. ^\aat, 

tia ffiy i a. ofiav, 

s/JJifri, 2p, sub}, ofotta, 

iti»9t or ihvy 2 a., I saw, Sr^, 
tieify &c. 

iiioft f«f , n., (in«v) an appearance, 
a kind. 

iTfv, op, oftifti, 

tlfit 2 a, op, A. oflfifitt, 

tixei^t^ '&fftt^ tixtt^fuit and fnm^* 
fteu^ (i7x«) I make like, conjec- 
ture, tlxa^n 2) «iAX«f iXX*tt9 




but some conjectured one thing, 
others another. 
iUesy cTos, (i7*«) likely, reasonable. 
oT»9 UKos yiyvttrfieu, such as is 
likely to arise. 
•7*»r/, adj. indecL, twenty. 
iTxoritSy adv.^ (ttKos) reasonably. 
x«i ilxiTus «'^»t And with good 
reason, indeed. 

iiJMT, {seldom) u^m, 2 p. i«ix«, 2 
plup, lifKUVf I resemble, am 
like, appear. akX» pXofo^i^ 
fiiv totxecsi well, you look indeed 
like a philosopher, alfg i&xt, as 
it seemed. 

ttkifcitfi 2 a. M. of atpitt, 

ilfAtf Wo/zeciy I am. fijrav Tiffffet^i^- 
veufy belonged to Tissaphernes. 
«-«» vixiufTont ie-Tif it is the part of 
those who conquer, ^f IhTv, it 
was possible to see, one might 
see. r,v KXia^^^dv xaT»/Aa^i7f its 
Isri^raru, was an opportunity to 
observe Clearchus, how he com. 
manded. Wri y 00'r/;, but there 
is the case of one who, but there 
was one who. itrnv 0,r/, is there 
any thing in which ? h ll rov- 
ratv reHv rro^^wy, and there were 
some of these marches, ei/x niy 
was not possible. 

1?^/, I go, will go. iflvrATv, let them 
go. 2 plup. ^liy, I went. 

i^irart, 1 a. imper. ofil^ev. 

i?«rif, conj, (f?) if at least, if in- 

iil^ret, 2 a., I said, told, mentioned. 
Sub}- it^ret. \ a, A. tJr» ; uted 
only in the 2 a., and partially in 
tfte 1. 

ilirofTCf imp. of t^efMti. 

it^nvTit tis, /., peace, 
to enjoy peace, 

I J;, or Igy prep, governing tliC ace, 
into, to, against, up to. 

i7;, fiietf tv, one. 

ua-etyM, -«$«. -jix'^t '7/^»h («'Vt 
ayat) I lead in, or into, bring 
into. 1 a, P, tiffi^x^fiv. 

t'l^^k^, ns, /, {u^Pm\Xm) an en- 

trance, pass. 
t1mf44^ {utt <^/uO I go into* 2 P^P* 

iictXavvot, -tXflSr*. Attic iX*l, -iXfi« 
XAxet, -fMUy (lif , iXauK^) I drive 
into, march into. I a, A» t<V*f- 

i1nret$ifut. M, of titia, 
t/V^irav, 2 plup. ofiU^tfUt 
iiVi7Aa0'f, 1 a. A* of uo'tXetuvU' 
ug-njc^rij 1 a. P. ofiivokytt* 
urwtiieittf '^ti^n^tfAouy -mirninxay 

(liV, v-riiecet^ I leap) I leap into. 

1 a, A. ilfivn^n^et* 
tl^tritrratf 'Vivovfuu^ .^im'rttxa, (1/;, 

iriv-TM) I fall into, rush into. 2 

a. A, i<Vcfrfr«v« 
titf-M, or i^M, adv.f (i/f) to within, 

tira, adv., then, after that. 
•?«, cotij., (1/) if, whether, or, 
ir^jay, imp. of tx"- 
i*. or i$, |?r<rp. governing the geti., 

of, out of, from out, after, by. 

\x rouratv, after these things. 
XxxffTof^ n, 0v, each, each one. 
Ixdo'TOTit adv. , (jixa^Tof) each time, 

Ixart^off «, 0», each. 
ixxrifathv, adv., {\xeirtf»s) from 

both sides, on both sides. 
U«ri(«0'i, adv., (t»«ri(0$) to both 

ixarovy adj. indecl. a hundred. 
ixfidXXM, '(idXeif ./3i/3Anxa, -^«<, 

(tx, fi»XXAt) I throw out ; cast 

away, drive out, banish. 2 a. 

^. t|fi3aX0y. 
*Ex^»r&9«j U9, n., Ecbatana, M« 

capital of Media. 
u^nvtif tx*"* lx^i^«, -$t^«r, 'ii^a^fiuny (ix, ^C(«9 I 

flay) 1 skin, flay. 1 a. A. t^i- 

Sx<r, adv.y there. 

ixu9»f^ v, «, iwo»., (ixi7) he, she, 

it; that. 
Ixxtt^Ki^M, 'Xetfi&^ci^ 'XixetfixffMitf 

(tx, xafii^is, pure) I cleanse 
fMUy\ out; burnish. 

(liV, ^aXXftr) I throw into ; en. txxixa^a^^tv*;, p. part. P. of U 
ter ; fail into. i xaim^tt. 




ix»Xff#/«, »tt f.t (U, zaXtct) an as 
sembly, a meeting. 

xA/y», I bend) I turn away in 

fitxety r^oi, (tx, KCfti^etf I Carry) 
I carry out. I a. A- lltxi/it^a. 

(U, xo9crat) I cut down, destroy 

utterly. 1 a. A* i^ftx«^/'«. 
IxxvfMtivMy 'Xvfi&vZf {ix, xufi»^ a 

wave) I swell forth like a wave, 

bulge out. 
IxXiyt^, 'kt^atf -f/Xiy^«<, and -Xi 

XiyfMUf (U, Xi^Ar) I pick out, 

ixXtiiTM, '\tiyptt, "XiXotv'a, 'XiXu/t- 

/AMit (U, Xii«'») I leave, aban. 

don. 2 a. A. f^fX/«'«y. 
ix»tfiri^ti^a»f 1 a. P. of xMft,am. 
ixTiifXfiyfAiveif />. /wr/. P. (^ Ix- 


Ix^rtirktix^My p. in/, P, of U- 

IxvivToixiraff 1 p, part, of Ix- 

Ixmttvt 2 a, inf. A, ofixvhtt. 
IxtrlvM, 9'iofi»i, and iriovfA»t, •>«'f«'»- 
xec, '9-i^ofceu, (ix, itiVM^ I drink) 

1 drink up. 2 a. A- f^iviav* 
ixfr/Vr», m^ri^oZfAeu^ -^riflrrArxa, (tx, 

9ri'3tra>) I fall out of ; fall; am 
banished. revs Xx^i^rruxoTets, 
those who had been banished. 
«? fierxi ix9ri9tTe>>xortSt which had 
fallen. 2 a. A. %1^Wm6v. 
IxvrketyiUi 2 a. part. P, of ix-. 

ixvXu^y -9rXivfft*% '^Xtvtrt/MCi, and 
-^Xtu^av/iaty ^^riv'Xivxu^ -irfuti^ 
(fx, 9-Xit) I sail out, sail away. 

IxvAitrtf-M, and ixv'Xnrreit, -frXtj^ttf, 

2 p. -9-iitXnyat -ri^Xnyfitm^ (ix, 
irXwi^t I strike) I strike out 
of; amaze, astound, frighten. 
2 a, P. V^iirX&yfif' ixirXetyus. 
having been taken by surprise. 

ix«r«^*», adv., (Ix, 9'ouf) out of the 
way. UfTtf^^y {TMfiV^Ai, to put 
out of the way. 

ixr*irr«, imp* ofxWfAtu. 

fuu, (ix, <p%^t) I carry out; re- 
port. Imp. V^i^g^av. 

tx^vytt^ -^iul^futt^ and ^tt^»u/uu, 
^t^tuya^ -^i(puyfuuf (i», ^v- 
ytt) I flee from, escape. 2 a. 
A. lli^vyev, fctx^iv l^i^yt r§ 
fi^ xurttTtr^ttfnfat^ had a narrow 
escape from being stoned to 

lx«y, oZfct, «y, willing, willingly. 

iXarr«y,an<2fXarr«v,wy,«y, smaller. 
Comp. ofiXaxvf. 

ixdrrwft for tXeirranst nam. pi. of 

iXavvM, iX&o'tt, Attic lx£, MXMxm^ 
-fAot, 1 drive, ride, march. 1 a. 
A' tlXeifa. 

lXei<putt »t, «y, (lx&^«s, a stag) be. 
longing to deer. ^tk^^Xmm 
ro$s IXtKptiotf (x^iflwi) liKC veni- 

«^«y;C^> IXiy^a*, iXfiXty/Mu, I con- 
vict. 1 a. P. iiXtyx^nt. 

iXiX/^A», (UiXi», a war-cry) I raise 
the battle-cry. 

\xU4ut9 2 a. inf. M. ofat^itt. 

tX%v6t^t»y as, /., {\Xivt%^6s, free) 

IJL^oyrij, 2 a. part. A. ofi^x^fuu. 

'EXXeis^ &^of,f.f Greece. 

"Exxnv, nv«s, «»., CEXXeif) a Greek. 

*EXXnv4xost »j, «y. (*EXXi»y) Greek. 

'ExXfi¥7x£f, adv., {'Exxvv7xis)in the 
Greek language. 

'EXX9t^trovTidxos, »i, •», ('EXXw^r^y- 
r0f) of the Hellespont. 

'£XX)}«'«'0yr0f , 0v, m. , the Hellespont 
or Dardanelles. 

fXo/, 2 a. 0/7. A. of ut^iet. 

iXotfifiv, 2 a. op. M. cf iu0if, 

I iXofAuot, 2 a. part. M. ofiu^w. 

ixx/s, r3«f, /, hope. 

iXaivret^ ft. part. A. oflXmtntt. 

I ifiMVToVy tig, 9t/, pron,^ (<^^» «<^«i) 
of myself. 

I tfc^etUu, '^nerofAmi, '^ifinxa^ (»y, ^' 

\ vv, I go) 1 go in, embark. 2 a. 
A' ivifitif. 

ifAfhaXXat, 'pt&xZ, .^i^Xtixm^ -/mu, 
(iy, /SaXXAr) I throw in. 2 a. 
^. fyf/3«X«y. I^^Xat*, having 




charged. ^Xtiyaf UifiaXtv, in- 
flicted blows upon him. ififidk' 
Xti tig rov "Metietv^^otfy falls into 
the Mseander. 

•/t*j8«»T*f, 2 a. part A. ofi/ifiaiven. 

tfctiva, I a. A. of fitivtt, 

IfAoff fi, »», pron,, {iyt^y my, mine. 

ifA^ffXty, adv. (Uf Tciktv) back, tig 
TcSfi^ttkiv, back. 

Ifitrti^Hs^ adv.^ {tftTn^ou experi- 
enced) experimentally, by ex. 
perience. ix v-avrw ruv ifAini- 
pots avrou »;^ayr«», by all who 
knew his character by experi- 

i^«rnrr««tfT«f, 1 p. parU of i^- 

'^fAM, (SV, ^ifA^kflfM^ I fill) I 

fill; satisfy. 1 a, P, ivia-A^V- 

ift,9riirrMy miri^oZ/Aiu, -vtfrrwxA, (tv, 
iri^TM) I fall in, fall upon. 
2 a. A. «»cfri0'«v* 

ifA9rXiett% usy pttf (iy, •'Awf, full) 
quite full. 

v-oiiu) I make in ; impress; pro. 
duce conviction in. ifA^eivffeit 
rotf 9r»^»v9'i¥^ to produce the con. 
viction in those present. 1 a, 
A» inWtn^et, 

l/A9ri^i«Vy My n., (tfA9r»»osy a mer 
chant) a commercial town, an 

tfAT^offhrn^ adv.^ (U, x^o) before, in 
front of. f y r^ tfJL^^offfiv ^oyvy 
in the preceding narrative. 

ifi^&vnSf nsj tSf (cv, ^<y«) manifest, 
public. i» r^ ifc^aniy in a pub- 
lic manner, openly. 

•V, prep, governing the dative, in, 
among, at. 

tfiua, »sy /, (iy^ifff, in need of) 
want, scarcity. 

ti!hi»&r6$^ »», w, \il$/hi»K) eleventh. 

jf»^A«f, «f, 0», (ty, d4A0;) manifest, 
clear, evident, rovrtf h^nXoi 
Xyiytirt t«'i/3«t;Xi^<tfy, against him 
he was evidently plotting mif- 

I enter) I put on. 2 a, A» 

Uth^iUM^ -vtt, (fy, Sf^^ft, a seat) I lie 

in ambush. 1 a. A. ivtii^iv^et. 
ivfi/At, -iffofiati (fy, ^IfAt) I am in. 

Imp. cy^y. 
tuK for Hvixa, 
'iviKoty and cytxir, adv., on account 

of; used as a prep, governing the 

eyiy)ix0yrflc,(ivyfa) a(2/. indecl ninety. 
ivi9rk}iffiti, I a. P. ofifA^ifAitkfifitt, 
iy«y, imp. oftnifAi. 
hfia, ado.f (iv) there ; here ; where. 
it^dhf adv.f (Jlvffa) thither, hither. 
Iv^ifctvoi, 2 a. part, M. ofUrihfAi 
fy^fv, adv.y (fy) thence; whence. 

iWiy fAiv—tvhv ^f, on one side- 
on the other. 
iv^Dfiiefcaty '^vfit^cofcan, -rt^vfttifimf 

(iy, ^vfcofj the mind) I consider 

well, ponder. 
ivtavTosy fly, m., a year, 
htoi, eu, «, some. 
sy/tfTt, aift;., (iy«9i) sometimes. 
fyyc«, adj. indecl.^ nine, 
iyycvtfqxcyai, 1 p. inf. of ivvei^, 
syytffof, -fj0-Af, ^nyottKet, -fieuy (ty, ytftA*, 

I think) I think, reflect, devise. 

1 A* ^. Ivififi^et. uvtvofiftiveu^ 

that you have devised. 

xta;) I dwell in, inhabit. »i iy«i- 
MovvTts, the inhabitants. 
ty«^a», -i^ofMtiy 'tu^&xety -fjkaty (iy^ 
0^^A») I see, observe. 

ox^^Sy a mob) I annoy, disturb. 
Imp. fivei^^kevv. 

hravia^ adv., (jy) here, there, 

lyriiyM, -rfyAr, 'T%r&*», "fims, (ty, 
rs/v«, I stretch) I stretch, stretch 
out against. wknyitf iysrf/v«y 
mXknXfiiSj threatened each other 
with blows. 

lyTiX^r, fif, tt$ (i'j riXcf) complete, 

Ihrt^ovy 00, n., (trrtff) an intestine, 
iyritf/fv, adv,y (|y#«) hence, thence; 




rififlfAi) I put in. ret m-ktifrev 
&lnt ivfifitvoi, having put on 
buard their most valuable ef. 
fects. 2 a, M. infiifAfiv, 

Urifjtust adv., (^itrtfAosy honoured) 
honourHbly. Urifitts tx"*^ ^ 
be held in honour. 

Ivrflf, adv-i {\v) within. Uro$ av- 
<r«», within their lines ; fre- 
quently used at a prep, governing 
the geniti e. 

i9»rvyx,etvM, -<nu%o(Aat, 'Vtrivx^t ^nd 
TtTu^tiKa^ (it, rvy^^&vu) I light 
upon, fall in with, meet with. 
2 a, A. ivirO^^et, 

'Etuakiogj cu, m.f (^Evvm, Bellona) 

1$, adj. indecl , six. 

i^etyyiXkut -ayyiXZy •^yytXxaiy 
•fMci, ((X, ayyiXkat) I tell out, 
report. Imp. ll^yytkkat. 1 a. 
A. i^nyyttXa, 

«i«y«», -aC*? -♦JA:;«> -7i»«'» (««, ayar) 
I lead out, lead away. Imp. 
i^ryot. 2 a, A. i^nyctyet, 1 a. 
P» tinX^fi*. iv^ &s ilnx^fit was 
not even thus led away. 

^ta») I take out, choose. 2 u. 
M. ll^iiXifAnv. 1 a. P, l^ip^t^tiv. 

riet) I ask for. M. I beg off. 

1 a, M, V^i^rnffafinit. 
i^xtg'^iXtat^ at, a, (t^Axtf, six 

times, ;^iX<0/) six thousand. 
V^ptKoerieiy at, a, (t^, Ix^roy) six 

l^aTifraeu, -wa, -n'^Parnxay mfAot, 

(U, a^ara^t I deceive) I cheat 

completely, deceive, ilasrarafy 

t^fXavvM, -tk&^ttf Attic iXZy 'ikn- 

Xdxay "f^ai, (<x» iKauvui) I drive 

out ; lead out an army, march. 

1 a. A. il^nXaffa, 
VJ^iXoiftiSay 2 a. op, M* ofV^at^tu. 
i^trXayrit 2 a, P^ of ix^Xw^at, 
l^tfrXEi, imp. oftx^x'ut. 
V^trrt, i^iarrat, i^ttvt, impers.y (tx, 

tl/it) it is allowtd, it is in one's 

power^ it is possible. Imp, i^«y. 

titr&vts, itti, /., {\l%Ta^fy I exa. 
mine closely) a review. 

iXfiyyuXty 1 a. A, of i\ayyiXXat. 

ilnxavra, adj, indecl. , (^) sixty. 

ilrt^rifitva, p. part. P. ((f'V^t^w, 

V^xnofAai, •4^afAat, -^yfAot, (Ix, /x- 
viofiau I come) I reach. 2 a. 
Af. i^ixoftfif. 

i^io'TfifAt, XxtTTn^M, i^i^Tnxa, -iffra- 
fMu, (i«, IfTfifit) I put out of its 
place. M. I stand out of the 
way. IX rod fii^ov i^ifrarSat^ to 
withdraw from between them. 

l^et, part, of, i^ifTt. 

i^o^Xt^v, -ivat, -MvXtxa, 'f/iMif (Uj 
tffrX/^of) I arm. M. I arm my- 
self. 1 a. M. V^M'rXierafi.nv. 

ilowXtffia, as, /., {i%tvXi%u) a being 
under arms. u r^ l^o^'Xt^ttf^ 
when under arms. 

if|«, adv., (Ix) without, on the out. 
side, beyond, ro li 'il^et, and the 
outer one. ^u 'il^ai cvrof aurov^ 
he being now beyond their ju- 
risdiciiun \-~frequently used as a 
prep, governing the gen, 

n^.ft, ofix^. 

Uixi, 2 p. of tlxat. 

i^ayyiXXtit -tXea^ 'V.yytXxa, •ftaty 
(iv), ayytXXt) 1 announce. M, 
I promise, offer. 

t9r&6t, 2 a. A, of wu^^u. 

iaraiAof, -atitivai* and t^atvn^M, -ah- 
xa, ..vfvfifjuai, (sfr«, aWuj, I praise) 
I praise, commend. 1 a. A, 

itrdt, conj.^ (l^riJ, «>) when, after 
that ; followed by the subf. 

WtyyiXatty 'A^ofAat, {Wt, |y, ytXaaij 
1 laugh at, insult. 

iriiiro, 2. a. M. ofWtriSn/u. 

Wii, conj,, ((«■}) when ; since, see- 
ing that. Wti yi. since at least. 

Wtthaf, conj.f (fff-iid^, &») when* 
ever, so soon as. 

ifl-i/Jw, cotij., (fin), "iri) when, since. 

Hmtfit, -urtfjuaiy (tx/, u(a\) I am over. 
yi^v^a ti tir?», and there was a 
bridge over it. Imp. f«rn». 

i^ntfitt (tx), iifitt) I go against ; ad- 
vance ; follow, tlf rhf Wiwraf 
tif CO the following morning. 




t«'ia0'iy« will advance. 2plup. tfr*?- WtXiya/t >.i^Mt 'XiXiyfuu, (It), ki* 

tif, I yej) I say in addition. 

tTum^, conj.y (»«ri)) since, seeing WiXwr off -^l^<w^ 2 p, -xiXaiTx^ -xl 

tittiret, adv.y (isr), iTr«, then) then, 

further, therefrom ; secondly. 

tig Tfl» iTttra XC^*^** *** tinoe to 

WtT&To, plup. P. oftreiofiat, 
tTtriTaxTtt plup* P- of Wira^ftt, 

tTKp&Vfi, 2 ti. P* of i^i^ttiyar^ 

Iw^'fff-av, 2 plup. oftTti/At, 

Wnjcctiy »(, ovf (tr}, aiccvej) that 
hears, within hearing, tig Itn- 
%c9v, with in h^Arixi|^ distance. 

««•«!', imp, of iTtifAi. 

l^^itirctty ] u. A. oft^aitiih 

iviflfj^ pre** f]ft^%tf^. 

ifl-I, ptqt. gtmermn'fi, the gen. y daty 
and acc.y o*er, At, on^ lo^ for, 

t^s) on the left wiw^. tL^ tip* . 
ii^^v, of Iho^e oP our dme. itrS' 

aSiX^^, hubjtict Lo hi!i broLtier. 

(ia-i, iljfrAifffl^) I plan fl(iiiiitij»t, 
plot againit, ititrigue Agniiist, 
tsrj/Jtftf Xff , ijf ,/ , ( i^i r |3*y ^'»," ** ) * P ' *^ J* 

^tix^t 'yf*>ot'h ((^^ ^i/xvi;/«i, ] 
show) I exhibit, shoHfj point out. 

to show it in hi^ condutt. 
iTiiteinuy 'hu\<u^ and hu^ofAat, (•«•<, 
Ite^Ku) I pursue after. 

(sa-r, ^t^f» the uiiud) I desire 
eagerly, long for. 
WiSanreti, 2 a. tulQ. M. of l^iri- 

xetfATrm, I bend) bend, wheel 

>.ii^^^, (irif JliJ7a^) 1 tail; leave 

T0; iViAi^i, proviriigtiK failed. 

Q-d (/Aii^A^) i9-j^iJV0|UEMt^ the pan 

Icit behind, 
i'Ttfi^iXtm'i af,/, (iWijaiAifft careful) 

care, kind atten lion. 
k^iftiXUff,&t^ utid ^iXo^at^ -^^afixi, 

'fAifiskiif^atj (i^ifiiXnsi Careful) 

I tiiLe care of ; ubsierve, watch. 
Wi^(rJ.dB-tt»j imp. of ■rrifiwXiifAi. 

W ) J Uiink toi\ purpose, inLeiid, 

(j7rd^k0f, f^r^Mom) 1 swear 
falatiky, commit p4;rjury. 1 «, 

through ptrjury* Siive ia-jAij- 

x^^iLiy to commit perjury before 

the gods, 
iina^KU^ «fi/*j (iyjjffifs*, forsworn) 

ia-ja-jVriWt *«rifdU;4iAX| -«'iT^T4fjt«, 

{iw}^ rtiTTti) I fmll upon, aU 

iv'jx^vd.-^ af, sj, (Ifl-J, Wf4f ) toilsompj 

labor to us. Coi/i//. kr^^oYOfS-k^ef, 
Wip^^Tiij flf, JV, (iTJ^^f^i I Dvt-r- 

*Enff4ifnSf *«i nip, Epialhene*, a 
Greek q^er in the HfiAce of 

1 furnibh prnvtfiions. jM. I pro- 
cure provinioDs, lay tn provi- 
fiiunsj 1 a, Ai. i.^tfiTifMfAr}v^ 

laying in provi^ionN. 
WirxB^i^^t -ffKii/**^*j, 'iritt^ftsif 

round. iTiJt«^«'Tiv vs t'n *»»- t-ri^T£fixi, ~ffTns9fj.^i^ I know. 

Xivriv, he begin to wheel round 
as if to surround them, 

gerous. Comp* iiri*f*Sv**Tif *f, 

(iflrJ, »«w5rr*») I conceal, in /id^ 

secretly as possible. 

Imp. Wir'rAfi.ti^t, and nmfT^fi.^f^ 

i^ifT^tihi^ 'irvj (iflrj*T*Tflff, a com. 
niander) I cgniinaud, 

frkiijed in^ versed in, 
Wurrnv^i^ 1 a* pari. A, of l^iV- 




Wtm^Mf 1 o. opt* JBolic of \(pU. 


l^rttrroXri* nt^f^ {l^tffriXXu, I send 

tu) a letter, a message. 
Wi9T^arua,f «;, /., {ivto'T^ariutt) a 

march, or expedition against. 

ffr^otrivet) I march against. 
\^t^(peiTTu^ and -r^a^w, 'C^oil^t, 
mi9(petyfi.ett^ (iflr), ^(petTrM) I slay, 
kill. 1 a. A* luriftpd,'!^, Wif- 
(p»^ai avTov K(/#y, to slay bim as 
he lay upon Cyrus. 1 a» M. 

iitt^ that he killed himself. 
iTtraff^tt^ and -rarra;, 'Tci^aty -ri- 

r&x** '71^'"* (i^'> reiffot) I set 

over, give in charge, f i^tri- 

r«xr«, to whom it had been given 

in charge. 
WiTfi^tits, «, evj and »Si «». (iwiTn- 

ItSy enough) fit, proper. rk 

WiTfihutt^ provisions. 

r/V}}^/) I lay on. M, I attack. 
2 </. i^. Wi6ifAnv* 

^»/, (lirJ, Tgi<r«) 1 give over, 
commit, entrust, \ a. A, Wt- 

Wtrvyx^int, -riy|*|Ct«i, -t«tii»;^«, 
and TtTV^n»», (i wi, rvy^&vea) I 
fall in with, meet with. 2 a. ^. 

(iw), ^«<V4») I show forth. M, 
and F. I appear. 2 tf. P» Wt- 

^Ai, (iw), ^i^A*) 1 bring upon. 
a^xTov Wi<pt^ofi,iiniVt a she-bear 
rushing upon him. 
WiX&^tfi *Si h g^fi* *'r»ff 4**^.1 (««'J. 
X»^*f) pl teasing, agreeable, ri 
yet^ iv'i^a^t «v» tJ^tf, for he had 
DO pleasantness of manner. 

(t<r/, x^'O ^ pu^ ™y ^^"^ ^^* 

attempt. 1 a. A* i^txti^ti^ec- 

fnft»f (ivr), ;^«^t») I advance. 
1 a» A» i«'i;^«(iir«« 

iirXivtf'Mv, 1 a. ^. of irXict, 

^^afAas, Hypofiat, I follow. Imp, . 
It^ifinu 2 a. ia^ifinVf sul^, 
^Tei/iatt ^c, ; govems the dot, 

l^rafiw^flr**, 1 a, P» of^t^tvot. 

i^feiX^"* 1 a. P. of^^awf,, 

Wrk, adj, iudecLy seven. 

icrra»aili»ety adj, indecU^ (irra, 
xa2, icxa) seventeen. 

seven hundred. 

'Ew-t/a^/js, »if, /., Epyaxa, queen of 
Syennesisy king of CUida. 

i^yd^afAcu, -A^»(iaif il^yag-ftettf (7j- 
yav) I work. TA/y i^y««'a/ftfi'A>i' 
tvovrvvy those being in it who 
could cultivate it. 

i^yovf »vy 91., a work, deed, action. 
i^ytj/^ in deed. 

s^cA>, not used, f^», i7^ffx«, -/cmk^ I 
say, tell, mention. 

i^fifiiaf astfi (i^nfi»s) solitude. 

t^nfAOf^ 0f, 0», a9t(i f), «y, lonely, de- 
sert, deserted, deprived of. 
MfAo^at ^%»i99ui t^9}fACh wagons to 
be can ied off emptied of their 
contents, ufiiiv t^nfMS, without 

fjiaty (c^«f , strife) I contend with, 

strive with. 
i^fAfinvf, f«f, f»., ('E^fiiify Mercury) 

an interpreter. 
i^ofActiy i^^^cfutit I ask. 
ijfufittvov^ p. part. P, of feitfvSfit. 
t^Vfiety dreg, n., {l(Ua/MC4, I protect) 

a defence, fortification, ifr) 

i(v/iciT«ty as a defence, i^vfutra 

iX^vTiSy having as defences. 
i^vfAvosy fly «y, (l(v»fun, I protect) 

?^;^0/Kai, iXtv^g/AMty S p, Ui}X0^«, I 

come, go. 2 a. A. ^Xin, %U 

Xiytvs r»* \Xh7v, to come to a 

conference with you. 
i^wf , ttrofy m., (i(a«, I love) love ; 


ftat) I ask. /i»/). 4^«;r«y. 
U-> for ilf, 
iff for Irr). 




iin^ofAou, I eat. Imp, ^^itov, 
2 a* A, t(p&y»v* 
t^rA^ttf, fir irnixtrtfy, 1 plup. of 

irri, couj.^ (liV, jiTi) until. Ur 

mt, until. 
t^TfiVf and H^Tfi^etv, 2 a, qf^^rnfU' 
irrATf, fir ItrrtiKMSi 1 />. par/, r/" 

?r;^£r«f, », «», on^ «;, «», the far. 
tbest, extreme, last. w-tfA/y Iv- 
;^arff», a frontier city, vet ttr^ 
;^«r«, the extremity of punish- 

Wx'^rus^ adv'y (?f;^<8r«f) exceed- 

to'at^tf, adv., (f/;) from within, 

within. T« fiif irWey (t»/;^«j), 

the inner wail. 
If«'««-ay, 1 a. ofertil^et. 
\ra^aix,6mraify I a, P, of ret^ei^trtt* 
Irax^nfetft 1 «• -P* of rafffft. 
trt^»Sf a, «v, the other, one of 

Irtrtfitfiro, plup, P, of rtftAt. 
Irir^atTOy plup. P. qfrtr^M^KO/, 
trt^ adv., still, yet, any longer. 

*tr« ti^a tv$ fAa^iTrcu, he will not, 

then, fight afterwards. 
ireifAOf, ti, *r, and «;, «v, ready, 

IroifM/f, adv., {ireifies) readily. 
«T#f, tosy «., a year. 
tr^ei^nrey 2 a. M, of r^i^rat* 
ir^f0-i, 1 a. of r^iat. 
iruxovt 2 fl. o/ T£;y;^i?j»A,, 
tv. udv.t well, iv iTMir*, to benefit, 
ivdaifcovsat «f, /, (t^W^^y), pros- 
perity, happiness. 
tvhetifiovi^M, -?•■«, {iviaifAMf) I Call 

happy, account happy. 
tuhaifiuvy Atyj 0y, (iJ, ^etifidtf, a deity) 

fortunate, prosperous. Cowjo. 

ivieufMvirr%^9ty sup. ivleufAovif. 

tvnyifrecTtf, n, oy, (iv, tTief^ appear. 

ance) most graceful, best- look. 

ing ; sup, qftuMf. 
tutktrif, if, t, gen. /J»f, («y, iX^)s) 

of good hope, tirt^s tviXv'iits 

fiikXdv iTfy «/ "EkXnvity that the 

Greeks might be inspired with 
better hopes. 

ivMytffia, etf, fy (iv, t^ycv) a good 
deed, kindness, good turn. 

iutpytrio/f '^^»t, luti^ysruuca, mfutt, 
\ivi^yiTni) I do good, confer 

ivi^ims, oVf m,y(ivy ?(Q/0y) a bene- 

timhia, «;, /., (tvinfitif) silliness, 

ilfths% fift *Si {to, nfiti a custom) 
siily, foolish. 

ihivf, cdv.y immediately, straight- 
way, tt/fivs fiU fitt^eixtov my 
from his very boyhood. 

ih6ue»^ov, adv., (ih6vs) in a straight 
direction, right onward. 

tufiiTUX*t^t^'r»ft esy «y, (eJ, fitra, 
Xtt^) easily managed. 

tSvdtay Off fy (tZ, voog) good.will, 

tineix£ff adv.y (tv, voes) kindly. 
lufOixeuf tx^ttVy (letvrovf) avr^y 
might be well disposed toward 

tvtees, 6iy 0y, and tSvovf, «i/Sy 0t/y, (f2>, 
voof) well-disposed. 

tuoTkoTarof, n, 0y, (tJ, e^Xct) best- 
armed ; sup, qfiueieXo(. 

lu^trus, adv.y{iv'TtTris, easy) easily. 

iS^o^ogy »s, 9f, (ft;, ^oc9s) easy to 
pass through, easy to travel. 

tv^^uKTOTt^eg, «, evy (s«, ^rgarra*) 
more easy to be done, more easy 
to be effected. Comp, of »t»- 


itT^c, 2 a, of iv^lffKu. 

iv^nfAA, &Togy n., {sv^iffxej) a thing 

found, a windfall, tv^n/ia Wot- 

ng'ei//.nv, I considered it a piece 

of good luck. 
iv^iffKUf tv^^traty tv^vDcec, -fint, I find. 

2 a. A, tS^ov. 
lu^ogy tog, n. , (^tv^hg, broad) breadth, 

luraxTog, og, dv, (iv, ravtrat) well 

behaved, orderly. 
tlraH^ia, ag, /., {iZ, ra^vat) good 

order, good discipline. 
tSrokfiog, egy »», (iy, roXfieicu) brave, 





Tvxfi) I am fortunate, am suc- 
cessful. I a. A. ivTv^i^*' 

'Ev^^drnf, eu, m., the Euphrates. 

tvx*i^ ns, /., {tvx»fA'u) a prayer, 

^Sx^fiLtUf tS^fuu, tiZyfteu^ I pray, 
ivish. Imp. tivxif'iu fifidihxi-' 
fttif, 1 a. tt^a/Atifn nnd nl^fttif- ■ 

iMne, nf, ff, (fv, •^a>, I smell) 
sweet-smelling, fragrant. 

tvtifVfc«gf 0f, 0fy Uv, Sffia.) of good 

name, of good omen ; left. r« 
ivMitvftny (Kt^as) the left wing. 

tipayop^ 2 a, qfl^iitf 

tipanfl, 2 o. P. of(pMft0, 

tip&^aft imp. of^fti, 

tipii^of, •!/, m., CtTTif t^^ay a seat) 
one seated by ; an avenger. 
rn ftiyi^Ttv i^^ep, the most 
powerful avenger. 

i^u^T««ir«i', I plup, ofi^Unifii. 

Ipi'Ta/cai, -ii^^ofuu, (liri, (ir«/Mu) I 
follow, pursue. 

*E^w«f, »Uy /., Ephesus, a city in 

t^nffa., imp. of^fAi. 

l^Urfifu, Ws^rn^Uf i(pifrti»a, i^'w. 
fMUj (tir), I^TfifCd) I set over; 
halt, stop, stand. 1 a. A. Wif 
rn^a, 2 a. A, Wu-rfi*. itrtrrn, 
stopped. lirt 21 ro7s Tiix*'" 
afjt^ori^tiSy i^irnixfay TvXtUt 
and by (between) the two walls 
lay the pass. i'Tt^rng^ag (rit, 
7^T09) having stopped his horse. 

t^oias, 9Utf. . (f ^^ •Of) an approach. 

s^9^as, »Vy m., (cir/, o^mi) an over- 
seer ; one of the Ephori, a body 
office magistrates at Spt rUu 

i^o&^if 1 a. of ^^at^et, 

tipvytf 2 a. ofiptuyet. 

ix^^^y *' •"» (*A:^'»> Iwitred) bos. 

lx^(of, •»•, m., {tx^f* hatred) a 
personal enemy, an enemy. 

lX(^*'r9t imp, of x^eto/ceu. 

*X"i'f* •> •'• (*;C*') strong, secure. 

tx^i H"* ond ^xwat, t^xi*^9 -A*«*» 
I have, possess, occupy. tix»' 
/Kit Xttfi^fUfy we were able to 

procure, f «y^ ^x**9 0»»*mh) in 
which they were. ^Srttt txtif 
iiecord) v^ig nfMtff are in the 
same position with regard to us. 
ij^tffbifM it Twretff and, next to 
these. Imp. itx^*' ^ a» A» 
ts'X**^ 1 *'• P- i'X*^"*' 

t^j'f iir^fir«y, I a. P. of ypiv^, 

lyt^nrifj n, of, (Jyf^tJ) boiled, ob. 
tained by boiling. 

l^ptXouTOj imp, P, ofy^iXam, 

t^t% i-^n^m. and .n^0fuu, ii^nfuuy 
I boil, cook. 

I«^ff, imp. ofi^aUf. 

tetftiMa, 1. p. of if am. 

tatfy conj., so long as, untiL 

tmsy tm^f., the morning. 


TM^aras, mt, m., the Zab, a Jmuuh 
of the Tigris. 

^«», ^9r<v, and ^n^tfuu^ i^n*^ I 
live. Imo. V^en ; contracts with 
n. Inf. ^». 

^luyfUfAif and ^tvyyJMv, ^M^t tZ^^lT 
fiat^ I join, join together. V^ivy- 
/civn vXmois i^rrtiy joined together 
by seven boats, that t#, formed 
of seven boats joined together. 

Ztus, Ai»s, m., Jupiter. Voc Ztv. 

^»)X«fT«f, Ji, 09, (^jfX»», I rival) to 
be envied, enviable. 

^», inf. ofT^im. 

T^nTtet^ -wet^ i^ijnfaMe, -fttu,, I seek, 
ask for, inquire for. Imp. V^i' 


^^tn, ijf, /., {^mffvfit, I gird) a 
girdle; pin-money. tig ^m* 
hip/ciMu, having been given her 
for pin-money. 


«, cory., either, or, than. 
>}, adv.^ truly, surely, assuredly. 
nyii^ftl-t 1 a. P. of&yMfuu. 
fiyytiXm^ 1 a. of eiyyikXm. 
hyiftin, #f«f, w., («yu/uu) a guide, 




nytifioi, -nftfuuy fiy^fiuiit (fiyaf) I 
lead, guide, conduct, think, ri 
nywfAtuty (^f^«f ) the Tan. • nyn- 
^ofAttof, who will guide us. 

«J^, imp. o/ayet. 

^Stf-av, 2 plup, oftileu 

niiff^ ado,, (fHht) gladly, with 
pleasure, comp* ^^hf, iup. ^- 

nhrty adv., now, already, before 
this. i{iti rns vv»Tot, this very 

^i^ret, adv.t {tup, of n^Mf) most 

a^i^TOt, tup, of fl^iff. 

^7«f, comp* ofhVvs. 

riho^ht fiSt /•• (^^A') pleasure, sweet, 
ness, flavour. 

fi^i/ff uity Vy in^ai) pleasant, sweet ; 

«fj*r, I delight, commonly ^»/mci, I 
am delighted, am glad. 1 ft, p, 
hffiriftfMtit I a, P. r,o'finv» 

if^tXt, imp. of yiXta. 

ft^^oia-fiyit 1 a, P, of ai^ot^at. 

K»/0'r«, adv.y (fTxa^ by liitle) least. 

rjxavtrif 1 o, of uKovtt, 

n»M, ^^Mf I am come, come, am 

rlX&^tf 1 a, oflXavvet. 

*HXt7»et »v, m-s (*HXif. Elis) an 
Elean, a native of Elis, in the 

nXixr^ov, ev, n., electrum, a metal- 
Uc nibftance compounded of four 
parti of gold and one of silver. 

M*t 2 a. oft^x'fia*' 

iki^&Ttfy »f, 0v, Steep, inacces- 

nXittfy ay «y, {mXU% silly) foolish, 
silly, ri kvro v!f nXtii^ fTy«4, to 
be the same thing with folly. 

fikiicia, at, /., (tTX/f, of the same 
age,) time of life, age. 

fikijcitims, ouy m.y (fiki^, of the same 
age) an equal in age. 

^Xt»fy 9v, m., the sun. 

^fca^rtVy 2 a. qf StfAatr&vm. 

fifAiXtifiUtttf adv'f (&fit>.im) care- 

n/ii(tit «f , /«, a day. ii»a fifit^Sfy 
for ten days; Cimiinuance tjt 

time is expressed generally hy the 
accusativey sometimes by t/te gen- 
itive, Hfut })\ rn nfti^ety but at 
fifAtrt^Of, a, »*y {ilfnTf., pi of lyi,) 
our, ra tifAtrt^et (T^ayfAara) 
our affairs. xecKa/e ya^ riuf rfAi^ 

ret) for our affairs turning ou^ 

I eat) half-eaten. 
rifu^a^UKOv, ov, n., {UfAt^yty iet^uxcs) 

a half-daric. 
fif^thhst fiSt Uy {H/tT^vty ^i«) want- 
ing half, half.full. 
hfAioXttf, OS-, •», and a, ov, infcT^vf, 

eXit) half as much again. 
nft^fvs, iiety Vy half, a^retv fifiUta 

(fiti^fi) halves of loaves. 
fifiiMfioXiov, evy n., {^fAi^uty cfioXof) a 

half obolus. 
fific^iyvodvvy imp. of &fA<piy90itt. 
vvffor lay, conjy if ; foUoved by the 

Wi^X^rOy 2 a. M. ofetvix"* 
htxa, adv, when. 
hviox,9Sy eu, m-t {huuy the reins, 

t^et) a charioteer. 
«»?rif, conj.y (^») even if. 
ri^ov, imp, ofii^ie«t. 
a^troy 2 a. M, ofX^iriat, 
^^ovfTOy imp. M. of ki^iet. 
fi^^aa^fitifetf p. }art. P. of ig- 

n^MTtio't, 1 a. oft^fTtUt* 

wfiivUf imp. qfMtAt. 

ij^^avf r«, imp, M, of ma-fidvtfuu. 

^afiiTOy 2 a. M. of itiffiavfAai, 

^^Pf,, I a. P. ofh'it^. 

ii^6r$9, imp. ofiffiiv. 

h^o'dtfAett, and nrrdofMHy -no'tfitaif 
•nfAat, (*frr«fy, less) I am inferior, 
am surpassed, am outdone, am 
overcome. 1 a. P, iirrtiiw. 

Hrrtivt imp. ofttft), 

hvUxVy "^^' {*^"X*f* quJet) quietly. 

^^X^nroy imp* M. of ktvxfiii**. 

^TOVfllff, imp, M* of ittTMI. 

nuXiT^trty imp, of avXi^$fi»i, 
ntfTdfiiXn^f 1 o* qf »vr»f*0Xim. 
iix^trat imp, of i^^fuu. 





iiXa^vxy and ^aXetrra^ us, f.y the 

Suiarog^ ov, m. , (^vij^-xAf) death. 

(ficcvdres) I condemn to death. 
1 a. P, ISetvetTu^nv. 

fiafpxXiuSy adv.^ (^apfaXiog, bold) 
boldly, with confidence, ^ap. 
fuXieui i^iiv {tauToiit) to feel con- 

^fiipptut ^nd fia^ffia/y - »j^«, rtiappnx,a,f 
{Jit^ffost courage) I am bold, take 

iappvvu, and iot^ffvvea^ -vwy i^a^a-ast 
courage) I encourage, animate. 

Qn^vToif^ ouy w., Tharypas. 

0ei<rfov^ and iarrovy adv.^ {Ja^vuv^ 
quicker) more quickly. 

9avfJi,d.Z,a>y SttufAAffUy and §et,V(Aag-9fAaiy 
riSii6fji,&KAy 'ff'fAuiy {JecufAUy a won 
der) I wonder. J o. A* l^ecu- 

SttvfAOiffios, etj ovy {fiavfAat^ei) WOn- 
druus, marvellous. 

SaufAaffTOf^ »j, «», (fietv/tei^M) won- 
derful, surprising. 

@ei\pec»fiveli, uv, m,, (Sei^aKti) the 
inhabitants of Thapsacus. 

0ei\p&Kosy ««,/., Thapsacus, a town 
of Syria, on the Euphrates. 

hoitfAat, 'iff^ofAxtt TtftufAxit {Jixy a 
view) I see. 

h7o(y «, «», (hos) divine. MUu J« 
et7oi ttmi, it seemed, accordingly, 
to be an interposition of the 

fifittoiy 2 a. part M, qfrUn/At, 

ho'jcdfAvtoi, *w, m,, Theopompus, 
an Athenian in the service of 

010;, fli/, m.y God, a god. 

^i«(rf/3fi«, «f,/., {hot, <riP>cj) I wor- 
ship) piety. 

{jStauvrttit) I serve, obey ; cherish. 
K^atrifTit ^h yivwixt hpavivitt, 
to have been most skilful, in- 
deed, in cherishing them, 
h^dvutf, o*r»f, (fifu, I take care of) 
an attendanL 

ei^r«X/«, and BtrrmXimt «f, /, 
I (Bi^^&Xot) Thessaly. 
0t^e&Xos, and $irrSXiti •«'» »«•> «* 

fiiety fivo-ofMUf 1 run. i^of^^ htitt to 

run with speed. 

a view) I view, survey, review. 
SnfiaTofy 0Vy m. , (eif/3«i, Thebes) a 

wild beast) I chase, pursue. 
fin^ivMy ^aty riH^tutcXj -i^un^ {^n^, a 

wild beast) I hunt, catch. Imp. 

yK^tuoy, ifin^tvt9y used to hunt. 
h^iov, 0Uy ft., On^9 a wild beast) a 

wild beast. 
hn^xaty ^xtovfiMi. rihn»»i ^ ^C* 

i a. A. Ux99f. 
fio^Sfiasy ou, m.y a noise, tumult. 
B^x^y xxosy Tbracian. 
B^xl, (fxoty m.y a Tbracian. 
fixates y evy m., a seat, throne. 
fivy&Tti^, fivyari^tf, tuyxr^igy /., a 

Bvfifi^Tovy 0v, n., Thymbrium, a 

city of Phrygia, 

mind) I make angry, provoke, 
incense, p, part. P. nfvfun^ 

fu^xy xiyf.y a door, gate. Xvi rmTf 
fixa-iXtMf iv^xift at the king's 

fvwy fiv^u, rUHxxy TiffifAXi, I sacri- 
fice. ifAti fue/ttf^ thxt iiri fimri" 
xixy to me consulting the aus. 
pices about going against the 

(^<w^<e|) I arm vnth a breastplate. 
p. part. P, Ttfm^fuf/iivas. 
0t0^x%y Axoty m., a breastplate, 

mo fiat y liffofMUy I heal, cure* 
Ixr^os, ovy m.y ilMfutt) a surgeon, 




7^/0;, «, 09f and »ff Off one*s own, 
private, tig ro tSiof, for mj own 

i^iortis, aras,/., (7J/«?) peculiarity. 

tliurtiff »Vy m., (/^/9f) a private 
person, a private soldier. 

TJa/, o/)^ oftThan* 

th^ov^ 'ua^ai^ (Ji^offj sweat) I sweat, 

h^ovf ov, n., {U^og, sacred) a sacred 
thing or place; ra h^x^ the au- 
spices. Ta li^a k^i^^nfAtvett the 
entrails that had been taken out. 

?}}/(£/, ^0'Ar, tTxetf tJficectf I send, throw 
at. M. I make for. In^t tJ 
«|/v»j, throws at him with his 
axe. "nro W avrov, he rushed 
upon him. h«To, ihey rushed. 

ix&vof, tif 0y, (7x6;, I come) able, fit, 
sufficient, oirtvig iKuvtt t^ovreu., 
who will be invested with full 
power, fully qualified. 

*lxoviovt $v, n.y Iconiura, a town in 

?A.>?» »if,/-, a troop, troop of horse. 
xara iXag, in troops. 

iW, conj., that. ?»« ^^, lest ; acfi;. 

7oitf, opt. of itfAU 

iovratv, imper. o/t7fiit, 

l^r^ecerietf ag, /., {IvtvtiT^ofiaty I ride) 

a riding, r^v iirxxa-iav avrHv, 

their riding up and down. 
i^Tsvgy iugy m., (/ViTflf) a horseman. 
i^rxXxoSi fly »v, {'Ixiros) of a horse. 

^v^ufiiv 49'^txrivy a force of ca- 
l^'JCoi^cfAigy «Vy f»., (^iriraf, ^^ofteg) a 

'I-r^rog, flt/, c, a horse. 
Ttf-fttf-/, 3 ;>er». ;;/. o/cT^a. 
U^ftogy 01/, m., an isthmus; the 

Isthmus of Corinth. 
ita-fAiv, 1 pers, pi. of ol^a. 
Ta-av, adv., (Jires) equally, alike. 
7a-ogj »j, ov, equal. Iv i<rt», in even 

'\ffvog,ov,and*lffa-o)f A>y,/., Issus, a 

town in CUicia. 
l^mfAtf triiffUy Xo-rnxUy ^ffrAjAeu, I 

make to stand, stop, halt. 2 a. 

A»t^rfift I stood. if^mg, for 

?^rf)»A>f, standing. 1(rru.vrat, make 
a stand. 

iff'riov, ev, w., {i^rig, a mast) a sail. 

i(rx^eo<f «, 0ir, (iV;^;t/f) strong, pow- 

t^X.'^^Zg^adv.^ (i^X^C^f) strongly; 
very much, exceedingly, se- 

i^X^s, o«s,f., (Jg, strength) strength, 
a force. 

la-Mg, adv., {7a^og) probably, perhaps. 

Ix^hst Sag, m., & fish. 

7;^»/0v, ov, n., {7x*os) a trace. 

7;C»oj, tog, «., a track, trace. 

*lafvia, ag,/., Ionia. 

*la/vixos, It oty (*Ia*y/a) of Ionia, ul 
'latvixeci ireXtig, the cities of Ionia, 
that is, the Greek cities of Ionia, 


xay&6ogyfor *«), uy«6og, 

*«/, for xaroi. 

xaftl^ofAat, xuii^ovfABtiy {xxra, t^0- 
/tai, 1 sit) I sit down ; halt. 
Imp. ixufiiZofiint, and xetfit^ifinv. 

xahviuy xethvinvat, (xara, tu^at, I 
sleep) I lie down to sleep ; am 
idle, am inactive. Imp. xuhv- 
^ov, Ixah'Jicf, and xahiHev* 

xetirihvxraiiM^ -nw, {xetra, ri^ifg, 
^rei^X'') I squander in pleasure. 
1 a. A' x»6rihu9rahva„ aXk* 
0if}l xeJriiv^ainvu, nor, on the 
other hand, did I squander them 
in pleasures. 

xaHnaii 'l&i, (xara, ^xat) I come 
down, reach to ; am fit, proper. 
o7s KotSnxu, whose duty it is. 

xeihfActiy (xfltra, nfjLat, I sit) I sit 
still, am encamped. Imp. ««- 
Hf^riv^ and \xaHfi>nv. 

xa,6i%h,ft. inf. of xafii^u. 

xa6tZ,u, xecfiTffoJy Attic xct^iai, (xxretf 
y^ft/, I seat) 1 seat, place. 

xail^T-nfjLi, xecraffrYi^Uy xaiivrnxet^ 
xaiivrdfAait {xetra, ItrrnfAi) 1 set 
down; station, M. I station 
myself. fitixe* ^* xarairrnffn, 
until he should have restored. 
xariarn iif t«» ^a^iXtiayy was 




established in the kingdom, if 

xaTag^Tfiff^tfAtvett t«i/t»», since 
these things would turn out. 

-Aft,»t^{xareL, i^au) I look down; 
see. Imp, xufitu^tiv. 

xa), conj.f and, both, even, also. 

Keuvuit at9f /., Caenae, a town on 
the Tigris* 

»«iVif, conj., (xat) although. 

xeu^off 0v, m., time, proper time. 

xairoif conj», (xai) and yet. 

xuiuy xavff'fy and xxvffdfimy xixau' 
fiuu, I burn. 1 a. A. txavfu, 
2 a. P, ix&tiv. 

xaxttvaf^ for »«/, txttvcf. 

xaxia-rog^ »», »», {sup. of xxxcf) 
worst, most wicked, vilest. 

xxxJofv, fv, «», {camp, of xaxog) 
worse, inferior to. art xxxUvs 
(for xaxUvts) ti^h that they are 
acting i worse part. 

xxxif, ti, ovf bad, evil, cowardly. 

xaxevpyog^ cu, m., {xaxost t^yo*) an 

xax£s* adv.y {xetxof^ ill. xetxeHf 
itmTv, to injure, damage, ill- 
treat. Cornp* xaxlovy sup, xei- 

xxXAfACf, oVf m., a reed. 

xakiuy xxXi^t^, Attic xxXu, xix- 
Xttxuy ..fAxif 1 call, summon. 
1 a. A» IxxXivet. 

xxkXia^res, ♦», fl», (sup» cf xxXog) 
most honourable, most becom- 

xeiXXoSy toft n., {xaXis) beauty. 

xaXXu^i^fAOS, ov, (xaXof^ «^^, the 
countenance) adornment tig 
xxXXea^t^fitof, for mere adorn- 
ment, for making a display. 

xaXost }), 0y, beautiful ; honour, 
able ; favourable, vdw xaXk 
fifAiv rk U^k ^y, the sacrifices 
were quite favourable to us. 
Comp' xxXXte»f, svp. xaXXta-Tos* 

xaXeHsyodv.t (xxXcs) well; beau, 
tifully. 0Ta>f xaXuf tX^* ^ixuTo) 
that all should turn out well. 
&ffr% xaXais tj(^uv (sai/T^r) o^xf-' 
fiat wtTfi ^xXuyyx frf/»yiiv» so 
that a phalanx in close array 

was well disposed to view on all 

x&Vy for xa), lau 

xaiivfy f/tff, tn.f a robe. 

xavriXtToft ovt ft., {xaTfiX0S, ahuck> 
ster) a, tavern. 

xarUtiy nsif% a capithe, a Persian 

xx^vof^ Wy m., smoke. 

Kx^Tahxiuj as, f, Cappadocia, a 
country in Asia Miiwr^ to the 
north qf Cilicia, 

xa^^ofy 6tf, fn.y a boar. 

xx^lx. as* f'y the heart, vhv ^ It) 
rf xa^liify but that Upon the 
heart, that is, an. erect or inde- 
pendent spirit. 

xa^Tos, ov, m., fruit, the fruits of 
the earth. 

Ka^fof, tuy m., the Carsus, a river 
of Cilicia. 

»a^^fi<) fifffi ita^^at, I dry) hay. 

Ka^TuXog, 01/, /., Castolus, a toum 
in Lydia. 

xarxt prep, governing the gen. and 
ace. With the gen.^ down ; to- 
wards, about; ufith the ace, 
against, on, among, to, as to, 
by, in. ro xaf aiivwsy (f-^^ti) 
the part opposed to themselves. 

xarafiaivft 'fin^o/iaiy /3c/3f}x«, (xa- 
TXy fiaivu, I go) I go down. 
2 a. A. xarifitivy inf. xara^nifai. 

xarayyixXety iXa>, -nyyiXxa^ -fiaiy 
(xarxy ayytXXtt) 1 declare ; dis. 
close, betray. I a. A. xurny- 

xaraytXat^y • &0$fAaij{xaTa^ yiTJiu) 
I mock, ridicule, laugh at, dc. 
spise. \ a. A. xartyiX&^a. 

xarayat^ .$fl#, -»»;c«, '^y/cat, {xara^ 
ayat) I lead down ; bring back, 
restore. Imp. xarviyov. 2 a. A- 

xaTa^aTuvaatf 'Wu, -^i^aff-CMfxa, 
-f^aiy ixarOf ixTaiaet) I con. 
sume. I a. A. xarthavavn^a. 

xara^uMf >^i7^<tf, "Vt^vxay '^iivfMci, 
(xara, Ivf) I make to sink, 
sink. I a. A. xanlv^eu 

xarafiiatfAOt, •Affi/iaty 'Ttfiia/Axty 
{xarky haofiat) I view, survey. 



Imp. zetn0tMfAtiv. x»ri§i»r», 
was viewing the scene. 
xxrazecivof, 'K&vHy (xar«, xaivety I 
kill) I slay, kill. 2 a. A. f^ri- 

xarotKetiait •xiva'at, and xavfofAat^ 
-xixavjtetf -fitai^ (xar«, xuiu) I 
burn down. 1 a. A. xarixaufa, 

xetrecxn^ufera/, and 'Xn^vrrat^ -xn- 
QU^M, 'Xtxn^u^a, •y/taty {xetra, 
xn^ufffu) I procliim. 1 a. A' 

xee^raxo^TUt -^<v, -xixo^etj .^^a/, 
{xotrk xoTToi) I cut down, cut 
to pieces. 1 a. A. xarixoypx. 
2 a. jP. xetrixtxuVf in/, xaretxo- 
^n^ai, p, p, fU xaraxixoy^O' 
fAcii ; xaruxixi^to'fien, will be 
. cut to pieces instantly. 

xarctxriivUf 'xriviuy 2 p, "ixTovu^ 
(xar«, xTfivor) 1 kill, slay. 1 a. 
A' xetrtxruva* 2 a. A* xee.rix' 

xaraketfitTv, 2 a. ir^f, qf xaraka/n- 

xxretketfAB&VMy 'Xn^oftMt^ xaniXti- 
<P»y 'fAfietty (xarut KetfA^&vm) I 
seize upon ; find ; surprise. 2 a. 
A, xariXafiov, xetruXtiypofAivot 
riy to seize upon some part. 
fiftas xetraX&fitTv, to overtake us. 

xaraXiyMt -Xi|«, 'XiXfyfAat, (xar«, 
Xiyo)) I reckon, consider. 

x«T«X8/Vft», 'Xsty^e0, 2 p, 'XiXatVK, 
'XiXii/tfAatf (»«T«, Xf/Va>) I leave 
behind. 1 a. P, xariXti(p^yit. 

xecraXtvu^ •Xivffett (xara, Xiuuy I 
Stone) I stone to death. I a. 
P» xtt-riXtufffinv* abrou ixiyou 
^iVfxfrof xetraXiVff'^yut, he hav- 
ing narrowly escaped from being 
stoned to death. 

xaTaXri\pefAitev,Jlt. part- M» of net' 

xaraXXdafott and xaruXXoirTUy 
-^«, -inXXu^a, 'yfAKiy (xaruy «X- 
Xa.ff0Vy I change) 1 change ; re- 
concile. 2 a. p. xarfiXX&yfi*. 
xaTaXXayt)s Tty but having been 
reconciled to him. 

xetrttXvtty -Xv^or, -XfXSxdi, -/(mc/, 
(»e(r», Xvm) I make «n end of; 

unloose beasts of burden, halt. 
1 a. A' xartXDo'ec. 
xaT»fit&0t7vy 2 a. inf of xaraftMfm 

(xetra, fiavifdvet) I learn well, 
observe. 2 a, A» xetrifA&hv. 

xareiveiat^ -ictf'ar, -Hfitixay -^a/, (xa- 
TUy Vital, I perceive) 1 observe, 
perceive. \ a. A* xarivWa. 

xecrctvTi^i^ecs^ adv»^ {xxra «yrifri- 
^as, opposite) over against; used 
as a prep, governing the gen, 

xecra^ifAVM, -vift^Uy -vfTtf^^a, 
-^i^rifAfiaty (»ara, TtfAVof) I send 
down. 1 a. P. xaTt^ifi(p^nv. 

xxTa^tT^oUf -u^M,-'Ti^ir^Mxat-fAeu^ 
{xara ^ir^a) I Stone to death. 
1 a. P. xecrtvir^M^nv ; inf, xa- 

xttravtnhattii 'in^ofieuy -^i^yHnxet, 
(xetrety ^fiiuMy I leap) I leap 
down from. 1 a. A* xaririf- 

xara^^a^utvy 1 a, opt, JEolic of 

xetretirpciag'Mf and xara^rpdrrM, 
'9'^a^My •9rtv^&x»n 'yfteu, {xaruy 
v^dg-^u) I accomplish, achieve. 
V cu A, xarix^dl^, 

xarafftvd^Ut -A^m, 't^xiv&xa, -o^- 
fAatf {xetrky fxivd^M, I prepare) 
1 furnish, improve. 

xaraffxrivoMt -mvity -t^xmotxay (««-> 
T-a, ffxnvri) I take up my quar- 
ters. 1 a. A, xarifxmeiftu 

xararxoieiaiy -ffxi^afutt, -iffxtftfMU, 
{xotrky ^xo^iet) I view, recon- 
noitre. 1 a, M* xart^xtypd- 

ixetroif wdui) I pull down. 1 a, 

P, xartffTrdvSfiv, 
xarao'T^iipttf -«'r^f^/'A>, -^vrpo^my -t*"- 

T^afAfAXty (^xetrdy fT^i(pat) I over- 
turn. M, 1 subdue. 
xararuvMy -rtvZ, -Ttr&xa, 'fi^h 

ixara, rtiwy I Stretch) I stretch ; 

strive earnestly, contend. 1 a, 

A, xariruta. 
xurariftyuy -ri/KAl, 'TtrfAtixtt, 'fMU, 

(xttrky rifitm^ I cut) I cut up, 




cut. J^up, P» itartrir/AftfAw. 
3 pers. pi' KetTtrtTfifiyro* 

(Ketreiy riftifit) I place down, 
jjf. I lay down for myself, lay 
up, deposit. 2 a. M. xarift/ttiv. 
Tfiv ^ikiety xecrtSifAiSuy we have 
deposited our friendship. 

xartt^oty 2 a., (xaro, iT^tfy) I looked 
down upon, observed, tub), xa- 

xttrix&n^ 2 a. of xttrxxxUtt* 
xetTtXti(p^ti^xv, \ a* ^, of xara- 

xetTt^ifA^^n, I a. P. of xaret- 

xart^yei^ofAaSy -Aa'afAm, -s/^yar^ai, 
(xara, \^yaZ,ofAat) I effect, ac 
complish. f«r/ ^i ro xart^ya^to'' 
6tu £v Wiiu/Aoifty and for effect- 
ing what he dcHired. 
xxna^affSny 1 a. P. of xetru^XM* 
x»Twrn% 2 a. tf xaiifrrifAi* 
xario'Tfiftyy 1 a. of xafifrtift'i* 
xaTtriTfttiirTa, plvp» P. of xartt- 

xaTix,**i *«^«5*'f and xeirafx,^^''^ 

hold, restrain. xari;^0^iy0i, com. 

pel led. Imp, xmru^^v. 2 a. 

xxvfMif &TOf, n.<, (xaiat) heat. 
Kauff'T^oSt ovt f, Caystrus, a town 

in thrygia. 
>ciyXi*f* »«, c, millet. 
xiiTuEi, xtifofAaiy I lie. Imp. txtt 

fiitiV' txitfre It atvrSfi lay dead 

upon him. 
xtx00^fi7ifAif6vs, p, part. P. qf xm*- 


Ktkatvxiy A/y, f, Celsenae, a town 

in Phrygia. 
xsXiveitf -»•«, xfxcXivxA, •Vfteu, I 

order, advise, request. 1 a. A, 

xtvosy If, flv, empty, vain, ground. 

Ki^xaotf £wy m.y Cerami, a toum in 

xtffxvvD/M, and xt^xfwty xt^tUoff »<• 

x^mfUi, I mix. 1 a. A, Ixi^dfx; 

part, xi^&wxf. 
xi^me, mrof, «•;, a*;,*!*, a horn ; the 

wing of an army. ra ^t^» 

(fti^n) rou xi^arosy the right of 

the wing. 
»t^^a<VA>, 'dveii and x»(ivf»fitu, xi- 

xi^'iiixu, {xi^los) I gain. 
xi^aXtMTi^og, «, «», {comp* of xt^- 

^xXios, profitable) more profit- 

xi(^9St ««f» w., gain ; pay, ri xarx 

fiiiva «if Jflf, monthly pay. 
xt(pxkxkynfi fis, tSy {xi(pdk9iy xXytt 

pain) causing headache. 
x%(p&Xnt *itifi *h® head. 
»ti^f|, vxasy m.y {xrt^uffwet) a herald. 
xrt^vffffuy and xn^VTTat, -^a*, »««n- 

gy^^a, -yfAut, 1 proclaim. 
KtXixia, xf, f, Cilicia, a ;)rot'tnce 

in Asia Minor, 
K/Xi^, i>0;, m.y a Cilician. 
Kiki^ffXy nfy /., a Cilician woman. 

v0$) 1 incur danger. 1 o. A, 

xiv^vv»Sy tfVt nu, danger. 
KAfftv<tf(, 0^tff, m., Cieanor, one of 

the Greek generals, 
KXix^;^ost •<'« fn., Clearchus, one 

of the Greek generals, 
xvnfust i^os, /., {xfvfiifiy the leg) a 

greave, leggin. 
xotfAxoty ^teoiylxuiMt!) I lull to sleep. 

M, and p, I fall asleep, rest. 

I a, p. ixodfit^^nv, 
xcXa^Vy xoX&ff»t^ and xok&acfuu^ »f. 

xo/.xg'fAaty I punish, chastise. 

«y xoXavg^it., you will be likely 

to chastise. 
KdAtfff'ff'ft), ^y, y. , Colosss, o lotim 

m Pkrygia. 
xouo^TOfy 0Vy m., (««y/f,dust, S^vOfu, 

1 rouse) a clouddf dust. 
xoT^ost •«'»/«t dung. 
«««T«, xa-v^fl*, xixtfimt •fifuity I GUt, 

Ktff^4,rfl, »jj,/, Corsote, a town in 

xofffAtcity -n^tt^ xtxUfAfixa^ "H-'tti (x«r- 
fiet) I adorn, decorate. 1 a. P. 
ixoff(An$nfy inf, x9fffAn4h«u, 




Mffidf^ 01/, m,, an ornament^ deco- 
xtu^osy fit ••'» light. ;^«gTfly zcu^ou, 

with hay. 
x^dvoft i»St n»% ixuaatj the head) a 

x^airiofj -Vff'ott xtx^etrttxa, -/cMe/,(»^a. 

Tdg) 1 rule, am lord of; con- 
xodrtffriSy fi% tfv, (^x^drof) best, 

ablest, most skilful ; noblest. 

^ravra/y (x«ra) Triiira x^dri^rosy 

the best of all in every thing; 

used as a sup, of dy&iosf comp. 

x^drtf, i9s, 71., strength, ayei x^«- 

res, xara x^dregf with -all their 

might, at full speed. 
x^avyriy ns* /., (x^a^ft», I call) a 

shout, shouting. 
x^tdst &TdSt &»St Mf^ n.« flesh. 
»^siVra>v, nnd x^urratv, a»v, »», («^«- 

T«f ) stronger, more powerful ; 

x^iirrat, for x^urreva, ace. «. of 

x^t/JtdfvDfAi, rarefy x^tfAdvvSet, x^i- 

fitAa^Uf Attic x^ifAu^ I suspend, 

hang up. \ a. A. Xx^ifA&vtt, 
x^ffi^ fisyfy a well, sprmg. 
KpfiSt nrosy m.y a Cretan. 
*^i^«, fis, ft barley ; generally used 

in the plural. 
xoitMf x^hu^ xix^Txay -fMUy I judge, 

consider ; distinguish. 1 a. A* 

x^ioft oUf m.y a ram. 
x^ig'iSy iatff /, (x^/ya;) a trial. 
x^VTTUy x^v\pMt xix^S^ety -ftfAtU, I 

hide, conceal. 
xTdofMtt, xTn^afietif xixTfif^ett, and 

txTtifAui, 1 acquire, gain over. 

1 a. M. ixr^ff'etfAnv. ^f xixrria'h^ 

which you have acquired, which 

you possess. 
xrtiva/f xrtvSf 2 p. txrcnty I slay, 

xrfifAat aros, fl., (xrddfieu) a pos* 

session, property, 
YLrn^tasn ou* m., Ctesias, a Greek 

historian and physician^ in the 

service ofArtaxerxeu 

Ki^va;, «f/, m., the Cydnus, a river 

in Cilicia, 
xi/xXof, oVf m,, a circle. xt/xXa>, 

round about, on all sides. 
xuxXouy 'Mffat, xtxvxXMxa, -fietty 

(xt;xA0$) I surround, encircle. 

1 a. F, ixvxXM^fiv 
xvxXtiffts, tMf, /., (^xvxXou) a sur- 

rounding, enclosing. 
Kv^uos, «, tf>, {Kv^os) of Cyrus. 
Kv^os, 9Vy m., Cyrus. 
xukvuf 'Ovuy x«x»Xi/x«, .i7/cea<, I 

hinder, prevent. 1 a. A, ix^- 

xufirit ns^fy a village. 

Xa/Stf/, 2 a. opt, A. ofXetfA^dfu, 

Xdi^n, adv., (^Xetv^Avai) secretly, 
without the knowledge of ; /rc- 
quently used as a prep, govern^ 
ing the gen. 

AetxsietifAovtos, «v, fn., (A«xf^a/^<tfy, 
Lacedaemon) a Lacedaemonian. 

AdxMVf at9»Sy ni., a Laconian, a La- 

Xetfitfi&vM, Xn^ofAKU hXti^et, .-fAfttn 
and XiXfifAfAou, I take, receive ; 
catch, come upon. 2 a. A. tXA^ 
fiav. I a. P. iXn^^nv. aurohg 
Xn^6h»iy that ibey might be 

Xetfi^^irtiff rnraty /., {XafAV^h, 
bright) brilliancy, splendour. 

X«v^&y«v, and XnfM, XdVa*, 2 p. Xi- 
Xniety XiXti^fceu, I lie hid, escape 
notice. M. I forget. 2 a. A* 
tX&Sof. T^t^ifASvof iXdtfia9t9, was 
secretly maintained. XahTvai/m 
rov kneiXiuvy to go away without 
his knowledge. 

xXyu, X%\aiy XtXiyfAouy I say, speak. 
'iXiyi fiapptTt, baide him take cour. 
age. Xtyifiivoty accounted, re- 

Af /Vttf, Xu\pMf 2 p. XiXfiiTa, xiXtt/i- 
fiat, I leave, abandon. M. I 
remain behind, ^ixog nfuv «v« 
itif X«Xfi>^sr«/, straightway no 
friend will be left to us. XtXif 
irt»f iiify had abandoned. 




XtXuypiratf p.. p. ft, of Xi/v*. 

\t\otveitSy 2 p. part, of X»iV«. 
XiXt/^«»»ij, p. part, P, of Xvat, 
Atovrfy»Sf oi/, TO., a native of Leon- 
tini, a town in Sicily, 

with a white cuirass. 
Xivxos^ )}, 0y, white. 
>.n<p6i7fa^ and Ajj^^cvrs; , 1 a, part, 

P, of kafifiavM, 
Xfi^^nvetiy 1 a. inf, P, of kaf£(i»vat. 
XiVflf, fly, TO., a stone. 
Xtftes, 9u, TO., hunger, famine. 
XcyiZfOfAitt^ 'KffofAtct^ Attic koyioufAtci^ 

XiXoytff'fAeti^ (Xoyog) I reckon, 

calculate; expect. 
Xoyoi^ <jy, TO., {xiyu) a word ; rer 

mark, report ; narrative, ovaiets 

fAiv Xoyaisy by what arguments. 
X«y;^»», fisf /., a spear-head, a 

Xot^rosy »j, flv (xil-ru) remaining. 

(xar«) TO Xaicrav, henceforward. 
Xd^flf, oVf 7N., a ridge, a hill. 

the rank of a Lochagns, a cap- 

Xox°^yoi^ ovj TO., {Xo^os^ fiyiefiai) 
the commander of a company, a 

Xcx«St ^t^j w»«, a body of troops, a 

AyJ/a, us, /., Lydia, a province in 
Asia Minor, 

AviieSf «, fl», (Ax/^/«) Lydian. 

Avxetta, uv, n., (Awxaraj, Lycaan) 
the festival of Lycaean Jupiter. 
rk Auxata (ii^a) i6yffi^ celebrat- 
ed the festival of Lycaean Jupi- 

AvxuovU, eci,f,, Lycaonia, a pro- 
vince in Asia Minor, 

Avxios^ «f, TO., Lycius. 

Xvxee., 0v, TO., a wolf. 

XuiAttUofAett^ Xvfjitt.vovfjc.eciy XtXvfctur- 
fiecij (XvfAfij an outrage) I injure, 
mar. J XufAaivofAii» rn* fr^a^/y, 
whose enterprise we are mar- 

Xu^iaHf -«*"«, XiXvTnxXy -fieit, {Xv- 
«•»», grief) I vex ; annoy, Xu- 


XvTtifot, «, •», {Xusrn, grief) trou^ 

XvM, Xvrof, XsXvxa^ -tiftai, I loose ; 

break down. Xvttv riif yi^v(«iv, 

to break down the bridge. 1 a. 

A. iXCg'et, 


fAtty adv.f in protestations and oaths^ 
by, no by. /«*« toIs ^tevs, by the 
fAttSoi^ 2 a, opt, of fAatSeivat, 
Maieivi^aSf 0t/, TO., the Maeander, a 
river in the south of Lydia. 

fiaitofittif fiteevevfAat^ 2 p. ftifAnfttt I 
rave, am mad. 2 a. P. ifAUftiv. 
ftaAvTts, having become mad. 

fiaxec^iTTOSf *i, 0», {^fiaxet^il^etf I 

bless) deemed happy, enviable. 

fAux^off etf Off (fAtixas) long; far. 
COmp, fAttx^ori^os, sup, fActx^tra- 
Ttff , and fAOLWoii^ fA^xi^rtf, {xa- 
ra) fAax^oTS^af fAtv (i^fly) by a 
longer road, indeed. Afg fAux^e- 
rarovs^ as long as possible. 

fAaXa, adv,y very, comp, /AciXXet, 
sup, fAxXiO'Tec. irdvrat in fAttXiff- 
ret, certainly the most of all 
men. fAaXXov^ more, rather. 

fAUvUrity 2 a, part. P. of fAaivafAttt, 
fAOtvioiVU^ fAttHfifAftty /At/Adfitixay I 

learn, inquire about. o^Mg fAti- 
6ot ra 9ri^i I7^d|/»0t/, that he 
might inquire about the fate of 

fiavng, tvg^ TO., ^fAaifOfAai^ a sooth- 

Ma^fl-yaf, at/, TO., Marsyas, a fa- 
hulous musician; the Marsyas, 
a branch of the Mceander. 

Md^xecg, «, TO., the Mascas, a 
branchy or channel of the JEu- 

fAua-Tog, flw, TO., the breast. 

fAtt.xtt't^a.y »gy ft a large knife, sa- 

fAax*if «»/•> a battle ; field of bat- 
tle, xai retvret avx ivt fta^n* itfv* 
TA^y, and that, too, when they 
were not going to battle. 




fitas, Attic fi»x,«f^/^h fAifAeix*i- 
fAtu, {fta,xn) I fight, contend. 1 
a. M, ifABt^iffaunv, 

fitiyaXo^^tToiff adv,y {^(AtyttXtT^t- 
iTfis, magnificent) magnificently, 
on a splendid scale. 

Mtyaatt/ff tuft m., a Megarian, a 
native of MegSra. 

fitiyetSf fAtyeiXrif fciyeij great. COmp, 
fjtil^atVy sup, fAtyifTos, TO fih ra 
fiiyuXa v/»ay, indeed, his greatly 
surpassing, us fAtyivros «v ilns, 
70U might he as great a odc as 
possible. (x«T«) ri fiiv ftiyiO'- 
T»», chiefly. 

yityet(ps^>nSi ou, m., Megaphernes, 
a Persian nobleman. 

/AiytSos^ tos^ n., iiAiyitf) greatness, 

/jtiyt^rov^ adv,^ (^fiiya;^ chiefly. 

fttf^Jbr fAiret, 

/Aifilffrnfjit^ fiira^rnffUf fAiStvrfixa^ 
fjLi6i<rrotfjt.a,i^ (^it«, 'Iffrnfn) I re- 
move. 2 a. A, fjLirUmv, 1 a. 
M, fi.tT%ffTri^eif*nv. fAtrag'rfig'eC' 
fttvos uvrovsy having caused them 
to withdraw. /mit«»^t«»t8?, hav- 
ing withdrawn. 

fitii^vfy uty flv, greater, comp, of 

fittivavTts, 1 a, part. off*(vej, 

fAuoviy for fAtlevti^ nom. pi. offAuetv. 

fAu^dxioVf oUf n., {f^iT^oi^i a boy) a 

fittietvy »v, «», less ; fewer ; an irre- 
gular comp, of fAixpoi] in fctv 
fnUvsy still fewer m number. 
fAt7of tx'^^y having the worst of 
it. xa) fjtt7efy or less. 

^fX«v/«, af, f^ (^fX«f, black) 
blackness ; a black cloud. 

fAiXiiy ft-iXr^aruy fAtfiiknxtf xmpers,^ 
it concerns, it is a care, 'or^ 
avry fjiixoi^ that he would take 

(AtXirin^oraroSf «, »», (/EtiXir>»*tff, 
practising diligently) most dili- 
gent in practising. 

ftiXUfii nstft panic. 

^iXX», (At>.Xnfv, I am about, in- 
tend. imp,%(AtXX$f^andiifAi\kn^ 

fii/i,fM»tf p, inf. P. of fitifitvn^M6f. 
fAtfAv^Oy 2 j)er8, 8. p, opt. P, of fii- 

fAifA^o/Aeu, fAi/A'^cfAetiy I blame, find 

fault with. 
fAtfy conj.y indeed. 
fAivrot^ conj.y (fAtfy rai) however, 

fAtvMf /Atvuy (AifAivnxa^ I remain, 

continue. 1 a, A. ifAuva. at 

ffvrcyiia,) fAtvivratv, let the truce 

MfvA^v, MVtff, w,, Menon, one of the 

Greek generals of Cyrus, 
f^i^of, i«f, R., a part, portion ; a 

detachment of troops. 
iA%a-nfAfi(nety as, /., {fA\ff0Sy hfAi^a) 

mid-day ; the south, 
^itf-oy, at/, n., {^fAi^es) the middle, 

centre. »» fAivv^ between. 
fAtvosy fly «», middle, atrav ^i r« 

fAi^ofy and the whole space be- 
fito-rist *}« «y, full, filled. 
fAtTu^ prep.t governing the gen, and 

ace. ; with the gen., with, along 

with ; with the ace., after, since, 

fAtrayiyveua-xM, and •ytvMtrxaij -yvM" 

fftfAOCty -iyvuxuy -fffAttiy {f^ifety yt' 

yvufxu) I change my mind. 2 

a. A, fAiriyvw, fiirayvovrts, 

having changed their minds. 
fzirafAtMif -/AtXvff-iif (fAtra, fAtXtt) 

it repents. 
fAiTcclif, adv., (fAtra) in the midst, 

fAtrd^ffA^Tost »Si »v, {fA%rky ^ifAvreS) 

sent for. 
fA%ra.9ri(ATUy "rifA-^M, -^i^ofA(pa^ 

"TiviftfAatt ((Mira, vrifA^at) I send 

away after. M. I send for. 
fAiTcta-rdvrtSy 2 a. part. A, of fAt- 


fAtraffTfiffufAivosy 1 a. part, M. of 


(AiTiet^ttS, OS, d», (/t«iT«, Kiu^ety a 

suspending) aloft. 
(Atr^iots, adv,, {/AiT^ioi, moderate) 

moderately, temperately. 
f/tix(h <^nd fti;ciis, adv., until, as 

far as, unto. fAtx^t Tn$ f^^x^h 




to the field of battle ; frequently 
used as a prep, governing me 

fthy adv.^ not. 

fiiij conj., lest. 

fjLfihiis^ fAvi^ifAioe,, /Kt}^f>, (^fA*i^^^ nor, 
ui) no one, none. /Atihlvy no- 

M}}^/ae, «;, /., Media, a country in 

/inxiri^ adv.y (/ttn, •«) no more, 
no longer. 

fAtiKoSi *9Si n,t length. 

fAtiVt conj.f indeed, truly, however. 

fAri9i fAfivof, 7/t., a month, rov fAfi^cs^ 
each month. 

ft,ti¥vuj -vffv^ fAtfAnvvxcty -vfiKiy I de- 
clare, point out. \ a. A, IfAn- 

fAfiiroTiy adv.y {fAti, vert) never. 

/MijTi, conj. (fih, «) ana not, nei- 
ther, nor. 

fAvtrn^^ fitiTt^ae, ftvTeos^ /i, a mo- 
ther, ace. 8. and pi. not contract- 

fAH^avuMf commonly fAn^ecieitfAttiy 
-na-ofAuty fitfAtixavfifMtiy {^nx^- 
»^, a contrivance) I contrive. 


MiJaj, fltf, m,y Midas, a king of 

Mi^Pi^eirris, »v, m„ Mithridates^ a 
follower of Cyrus. 

ftix^tSt », »*i little. 

Mikv(ri0Si »t/, wi., (MtXinraf) a Mile- 
sian, a native of Miletus. 

MtXtia-ioSf «, »», (MiX^ros) Mile- 

MikfiTosy 9Vy /•» Miletus, a Greek 
town in Ionia, 

MiXroKv^riSi avt *"•> Miltocythes, a 

/Aifi9inf»Mf fitf tifu, fiifAvrifAeiiy I re- 
mind, M.y I recollect, remem- 
ber, plup. P. ifAt/AnnfAnv ; subj. 
fiifivtiffAat ; opt, fittfiVM/btrifj ^0, ^C, 

inf.f fAtfAMYiffixt, 

fiiviihtwia^ tt%yfy (^fittfiofy ^i^ttfti) a 
paying of wages. 


fit^^ifi fl», w., pay, hire, a reward. 
fAifSou lfyf»«, for hire. 

^r^tf<tf, et^aty fictfiU^atxa^ •ttfAttt^ {fuf- 
6ig) I let out for hire ; M,, I 
hire, engage at a price. 1 a. P, 
ifAi'rfiuSfif. fit^§6tfiiiva$ ti ovk ixi 
r»uTai t^x^af, and they said that 
they had not been engaged for 
this purpose. 

ftfa^ /Kmf,/., amina ;=£4, Is. 3d. 

x0f), I bear ill-wiU, bear a grudge 

fAotovt adv., (fiivas) only. 

fiovosy tij 0v, alone. 

Mv^iaiii^tSt 9Uj /., Myriandms, a 
town in Syria. 

fAupiagj aiofy f.y (fiv^iaf) the num- 
oer of ten thousand, a myriad ; 
a countless host. 

(Au^ios, «, M, countless; ten thou- 
sand. iff^)s fiv^ia xai rir^»x»- 
f/oc, ten thousand four hundred 
heavy-armed men. 

Mv^iosj a, «», (Mu^of) Mysian. 

Mv^ee, avj 771., a Mysian, a natiTe 
of Mysia, in Asia Minor. 

vaveLPx*fi ^*^i {**vfi ^iX") '^ admi- 

v«t/j, vaifj Attic nifSi f, a ship. Attic fUtg, 

fKug-iTo^oSi Off »», {fxyf, «••{»«) na- 

vavrSxosy »j, «v, {yavs) belonging to 
a ship. 2v¥etfiif vavrtxhfi a naval 

»i«>/V»tff, «v, »!., (vUf, young) a 
young man. 

vifitMj vifiuy ntifitnxa, -fixtf I share. 
J/., I graze. vf/UMvrtf, were graz- 

n^iXtiy ns, /., (ti^ofy a doud) a 

vtMTi^ofy «, avy {comp, of/t0t young) 

til, adv.y by, yes by. 

vriiSy nom, pi. Attic, of tetus. 

9n^»ff «v, f.f an islana. 




N/»«^;^;«<, •!/, m., Nicarchns. 

yTxdatf -ri^et^ viv/Ktixa^ -fitatf {*fxfi) 
I conquer, am victorious over, 
surpass, ra ir%vTet ftxeit^ that 
they were completely victorious. 

»/»>», ns, /., victory. 

ftxMtv, and nKcufij pres, opt of w 

tofioft *T, ov, and ag^ ovj illegitimate. 

ftftl^M^ vofAteHj vsvcfitxay -O'fiat^ (vo- 
fAos) I judge, deem, consider. 
Ktf/Mi^sTs, be assured. 

fOfAoSf 0f/, m.f (vt/UA>) an usage, cus- 

fiaSf *iov^ and 90VS, itevy m., the 
mind; attention. 

vvv, adv.y now. 

vvl, vvxToSf /., night. 

S« >»/«?, *£/, TO., Xenias, one of the 
Greek generah of Cyrus, 

^sv/x0f , I}, «!*, and tSi tfV) (^('«$) mer- 
cenary. Tflu ^sv/xfl?, (^a-T^ariu- 
fitarof) of the hired troops. 

^ivflf , ay, Tw., a guest, friend ; a mer- 
cenary soldier. 

SsvA^ofy, avToSi TO., Xenophon. 

Sif^nsi ^f* ^'j Xerxes, king of Per- 

^tl^aiyUf ava?, M^n^ocff/Aaty and i|»)- 
^afjLfjiitt^ {In^hi dry) I dry. 

^/^0f, f0;, n., a sword. 

^uXi^ofAat^ iVfl/ttflSi, ($«Xtf») I gather 

^vxhosj tij 8*, {l^vXd>) made of wood, 

|yX«», tfc;, n., wood ; a pole ; wood- 

It/v, see ffht, with its compounds. 

0, n, r j, article f the. « /v^y, the one ; 

i Tt, the other. »! fiU, some ; 0/ 

llf others. 
ofioXoff 01/, TO., an obol ; a coin of 

the value of rather more than 


c^tf n^i, rihj («, It) this; such; 

the following. 
eiiiff avj f.f a way, road, march. 
flVsy, adv. whence, from which. 
oVfyTs^, adv, (tfVfy) whence, 
flf. da^. of o5, 
tt^a, 2 /?., //. lUofAMf I know. 2 

plup, ^^nv, X^i** uvtraiy will 

be grateful, 
dfxa^t, ac?v., {^otx9Sy T%) homewards. 
olxuoT&Tdf^ »}, 0y, (fl/xtr^;, intimate) 

very intimate. 
oixiTfiSj cVf TO., (dlxAf) a domestic. 
alxiMy nvuy ifxnxee.^ -f*^*^ {oixos) I 

inhabit, dwell, live. a«»t7r», was 

tixiety ccSf f.^ (^cixes) a house. 
oixo^oftiuf WMf ifxohofi.nxet^ 'A^^'t 

{otxof^ VtfiM^ I build) I buUd a 

house, build. 
«?»«/, adv,y {^oixos) at home. 
olxovofAOSy oUy C. (^oJxaSi ^If*^^) & II^A- 

tfTxtf;, 01/, TO., a house. i^V aTxav, home. 
oixru^vy -Ti^6», (tfTxTtff, pity) I pity, 

1 a. A, MXTii^a. 
01 fiat f for oiofitett, 
oltogf ovy m,, wine. 
eiofiiatf and oifAui, otnffofAetiy I think. 

imp, fofAfiv, and £fAnv' the con- 
tracted form of the pres. and 

imp. is used only in the 1 pers, s, 
6t6V9r%^y adv.f {»7»g) as, just as. 
olovy adv. J {eiios) as. 
oJogf 0(«, eJo9f such as, what. 070; ri, 

able. 6l^» »ietf a proper season. 
0?00'«ri^, 0i«{rf^, olcf^i^y (^^'^) such 

as, which. 
0?0'i/, ft. of ^i^«. 
eif^a, 2 joer*. «. ofotta. 
oUtos^ 0t/, TO., [p1<rt»^ft. of ^i^ti) an 

olx^lJi-a-i^ i?r0^0t/, 0f;^a>x0( and^x^'fteti 

olx^fAKi and alxnp'»t, I go, am 

gone. Mn/>. y;^;0^«». y;cir0 «a^ 

cXai/ya>v, he rode off. 
ixt'njf f90'<tf, (cxvofj slothfulness) I 

hesitate, fear, am afraid. 1 a. 

A, Mxvriff'a, 
ixra/^ adj. indecl.^ eight. 
SXk^^ost ovy TO., (SxxvfAty I destroy) 

destruction, death. 




iXIydgy fly «v, few. 

ikxaff eihsi /., (7Xx«, I draw) a 
ship which is towed ] a merchant- 

cXas^ ti, 07, whole, entire. 

*0>.vv6ioi^ ou, TO., ('OxW«f, Olyn- 
thus) an Oljnthian, a native of 
Olynthus, a town in Macedonia. 

ifiixigf fly 0y, {*f^osy the same) 

ifcakus^ adv., (^efi&Xoe) in an even 
line, in good order. 

CfJtVVfAlf and CfAVVat, iftOVfACUf OfiM- 
fCOKK, OfUUf^OfAetl, and ifAtUftOffiMl, 

I swear. 1 a. Jl. AfAova, 

ofAalus, adv., (SfiMcs, like) in like 
manner, like. 

ofitoXeyiai, t^vat, Mftakiynxtt, 'f^'^h 
(ofitig, the same, xiyat) I admit, 
confess, plup. P. MfAoXoytifttiv. 

ifAoXoyovfAiiiets, adv., {ifAoXoyiui^ 

ifiiffat, 1 a. inf. of SfA*v(At, 

i/MT^«9'i^os, «v, TO., {ift'Os, the same, 
r^««*i^«, a table) a table-compa- 

iftau, adv., {ifitis, the same) toge- 
ther ; together with, along with. 

ofAvs, conj., {ofA9s^ the same) never- 
theless, notwithstanding. 

0y«/cea, Arse, n., a name ; renown. 

tftof , 01/, c, an ass. 

onTut, pres. part, of tlfu. 

S^os, los, n., (ilvf, sharp) vinegar ; 
acidulous drink. 

•«•»», adv., whither, whithersoever. 
0!r»» Jy»«r0y, in whatever way 
you can. 

Sxi^fii*, adv., behind, in the rear ; 
sometimes used as a prep, go- 
verning t/ie gen. 

o<rtff6o<pvXaK'iot, fj^or, (oTTifSiv, <pv- 
Xa^fM) I guard the rear, form 
the rear-guard. 

»«*Xi^ft», tfu, w'rXXxttt -vfieti, (oflrXair) 
I arm. M. I arm myself. 

avXtfftf, tuSi /., (0'«'X«^«) equip- 
ment. o^xUtatSt warlike equip- 

ivrXfrns, av, TO., (0«rX0y) a heavy- 
armed soldier. 

the art of war ; military evolu- 

09rXa9, 0Vf n., a weapon ; pL arms. 

iv'ifiv, adv., (tw) whence. 

oTTot, adv., whither, whithersoever. 

ivaTaf, a, ov, (^Ttttf) what like ; 
such, iiratot Tt, whatsoever. 

i^oeros, f), «», {jri^os^ as many, as 
numy as. 

09'oTav, adv., (Mrt, «y) whenso- 
ever, as soon as. 

mTt, adv., («••«) when, when- 

o^ov, adv.j (jraZ) where, wherever ; 

l^r»s, If, Of, (ivraet, I roast) roast- 
ed ; burned. 

0ir»f , conj.^ {*»*t) l»ow, as ; that, in 
order that, ovx iertf cfretg, it 
cannot *be that. 

i^aet, S^pofAat, iu^a»a, -ifutt, and 
eifAfAat, I see. 0^2? frvyfos, 
gloomy of aspect, imp., iv^f. 

»eO^» "^j/m anger- i^y^, in anger. 

o^yi^en, iff 01, Attic o^yioi, ^^Txm, 
-fffieti, (opyfi) I make angry, ir- 
ritate. ^. I am angry. 

o^yvta, as, f., a fathom. 

o^itos, «, Of, and OS, «y, {o^os) 

o^^os, fly Of, {o^fvfAi, I raise) straight, 

ooSaosy ov, TO., (S^fDftt, I raise) the 
dawn, daybreak. 

o^^eis, adv., (0^^0f ) rightly, justly. 
otix otitis, without cause. 

0i^x0;, ou, TO., an oath. fifi,7f 0Vx0i;( 
yiyifftfcifovs, that there nave 
been oaths between us. ol Suif 
o^xet, the oaths by the Grods. 

h^fAKot, fiffv, S^ftfixot, 'fiat, {i^fitfi) 
I rouse; set out, rush. 1 a. 

A. oi^fAflffOt. plup. P. a^ftflfAflf. 

o^/jL%u, fi^et, {offtos, a roadstead) I 

lie at anchor. 
o^ftriy fiSy /., (.Sffvfit, I raise) an 

impulse, if o^/t^, on the point 

of setting out. 
^O^onrasy and' O^ofTfis, ov, m.,Oron- 

tes, a Persian. 
»^os, tos, n., a mountain, height. 
i^vxrisf Ml •», (tf^vrr*) dog. 




tf^vrr^v, and ifivmtj «(v^<tf) ^i'^i^X*^ 

-yfAm^ I dig. 
*0^;^tf/Miwflf, flt/, m., (*0*;jjfl/Mi»«j, Or- 

chomenus) an Orchomenian, a 

native of Orchomenus, a town in 

«V, ^', •, pron,^ who, which. «y 

UivfAotft^ he wondered. 
tfVftff , «, «», pious. 
tfVdj, i}y 0v, how great, how much ; 

as long as ; as many as. cfa, 

W^Kx^t what things were done. 
tffoff^i^^ 99'riTi^f offowi^y (2'0'0$) as 

many as. 
•0'fri^, rVi^, ««'«?> ijt) who, which. 
iVrif, rfr/j, e,Ti, (aj, r/f) who, 

which, whosoever, whatsoever. 
flT«», conj., {ort, av) wheu'j/oUoiv- 

edby the svbj. 
0rf, oav., when ; since. 
^Ti, con;., hecause, that. 
orou, Attic gen, oflifris, 
ory, Attic dat. oflmt, 
«v, a<^i;., no, not. 
tfiT, arfv., (flV) where. 
0v, joron. ^en. of him, dat, ai. 

i^i^ovTx otj contending with him. 
9uha(A»fi%v^ adv,f (aviifiLOSy none) 

from no pkce, from no quarter. 
9uiecfA»Vy adv., (^0viifi»s, none) no- 
tlfTif conj.y {oh, Tt) neither, nor, not 


»vi%iSy di/itfAlKy Obytfy (Otf^iy Ufy) UO 

one, none, no. 
$uhi^cTt, adv.y (0t>$(, irori) never. 

0v», adv.y no, not. 

oi/KtTiy ado,y {eifXy trt) no more, no 

dS»ovtj adv.f {ovM, aSv) not then? 

avxovVf conj.^ {ovxy 0t>y) therefore. 

ovvj conj.y therefore, accordingly, 
then ; however. 

ovitorty adv.. {ovy ^ort) never. 

ou'TUy adv.y (flw, <r«) not yet, not 
as yet. 

•v^uvrorty adv.y (»Vy vratxori) never, 
never at any time. 

•Srty adv.y {oi/y 4^) Aud not ; nei- 
ther, nor. 

d?r*f , mtrnf rouro, this. »«/ ravruy 
and tliat, too. 

euraiy and oSratSy adv.y {oSros) 
thus, so, in this manner. 

«^;^, be/ore an aspirated vowely for 

i^tiXaty riftty i^iiXfixay I owe. 2 
a. A, 4J^iX«», used generally in 
the expression of a wish. «XX' 
ai^tXt fiuv Kv^es ^tivy would, then, 
Cyrus were alive, •^•/ait*, was 

e(ptkosy n.y indecl.y (c^ixxety I in- 
crease) use, advantage. 

e(pfiecXfAOfy ouy m., (Jv^ro/iotty not 
tisedy I see) the eye. 

ix^rofy flw, m.y {op^iety I bear) a 

0;^X0f, ovy m.y a multitude. 

»;t«'e«V, «, »», (Jf;t«) strong, strong- 

cy^ty adv.y late, i-^t «», it was 

•yptg-fiaty ft, inf. M, of o^aot. 
o-^tSy tu(t y., {J^rrofAMy not usedy I 
see) appearance. 

vttJuv, 2 a. inf, of va^x"- 

vraiosy usy n,y {^d^x^) suffering. 

iratetftZtfty Uaty («•«/«», a psean) I 
chant the psan, raise the war- 
song. 1 a. A. irc/ay/Va. 

^aihtuaiy fftty ViTaiiivxay -fiaiy 
(iraTf) I instruct, educate. 

vett^Xxety £fy n.y (vuif') a favourite. 
ils vuiiixtty on a favourite. 

^a7sy vrathosy c, a child, son. 

9ratMy ^aUuy and vainfMy I strike, 
smite. 1 a, t^aifa, 

^iXeny adv, long ago, formerly. 

^eiXtfy adv,y back, again. 

9'eiXX&x)st i^oft f.f («r«AX«J, a 
youth) a concubine. 

^aXrovy ouy n.y {^eixxaiy I brandish) 
a javelin, dart. 

vreifA^oXviy -xo\Xny 'VdXvy (arSf, 
^oXvf) very much, very many. 

ff-avflJ/^ytff, osy *», (rSf, t^yjti) rea- 
dy to do any tning ; vilkoioiis. 




comp. ^ravov^yoTS^aSf Slip, iravv^ 

but him, who was not master of 

^edfruTdtri and ^etvrei^ieriVj adv., 

{^ecsy aVa?) entirely, altogether. 
9ravra;^^j adv., [tas) every where. 
vravTa^^oUf adv., (<raf) every 

^avTiXaJg, adv., {^KvTikns, all-com- 
plete) utterly, completely. 
iravTji, adv., {^Zs) every where, 

on every side. 
9'ctvro$A^os, n, ov, {^eis) of every 

kind, of all sorts. 
^etvroios, a, ov, («*«?) of all SOrtS. 
irdvu, adv., [tZs] altogether ; very. 

otf ?rayy t^os, not very near. 
'jraofAtu, not used, Tece-e/tiai, ^ifrd- 

fteii, I acquire, possess, plup. P. 

Tit^a,, prep., governing the gen. 
aat. and ace. ; with the gen., 
from, by ; dat, with, beside ; 
ace, to, near, overagainst, a- 
longstde of, contrary to. vret^a. 
verev, during drinking. 

Tei^xyyikXu, -ikw, -iiyyiXxa, -/u,en, 
^?ra^a, ayyikkcu) I announce, 
order, give orders, recommend, 
exhort, xotra, ret ^etfivyyiXfAtvay 
according to the instructions 

grei^xyiyvafiKt, and -ytvofAcii, -ysvn- 
ffofjLai, 'ytyivnfMti, (wa^a, yiy>o- 
fiai) I am at hand, am present, 
come to. 2 a. M. «r«^$ysvfl^»»v. 

irx^ei^ua-os, ov, m., a park. 

[jt.a.1, ['Ttt^k, VtheafAi) I give over, 
deliver up, surrender. 2 a. A, 


To.^tx.SitjpOviu, and -iapffuvet, -bvu, 
{^'roc^k, fictfpuvu) I cheer on, en- 

^etpoeiviiif, -xivitrUf and envitrof^eci, 
-rivtKec, -nvnfiat, {^Trit^k, etiviu, 1 
praise) t address, vnp. ira^jj- 

^rx^XK&Xieu, '»eckig-£j, Attic KitXu, 
'XiKXnxa,, -ftai, (w'afa, xakiat) 

I send for, call in, summon. 1 1 

a. A, vret^txaikt&m. 1 O. P. «r«^ 

^»^eixtXiu9fiteu, -tva-oftttt, -xtxiXtur- 
• fMit, («r«^a, xtXtvm) I advise, 

exhort, encourage. 
iretfixXS^tM, -'n«'ti>i -XiXvvtfix»y -/mc/, 

l^ret^k, Xv^iu) I annoy. 

change) I change. 1 a. M. lem,- 

Cusiypafittiv, vret^a/i-tf^iftifai, 
ving changed the arrange- 
ment of his troops. 
'xrapafAiXiu, n^M, -fiftiXnxet, -fMU, 

(flra^a, ufAiXiu^ I disregard. 
ira^ecfAivat, -fnvei^ -fit/u,iv7ixec, (^u^k, 

fAsvv) I remain with. 
^apetfift^i^iov, ov, n., (^et^k, fAti(oS) 

uie thigh) armour lor the thigh, 

a cuisse. 
va^a^Xi^ffiof, OS, ov, and a, ot, (fr«- 

^k, vrXrurios) like, similar. 
'Tct^uffa.yynS', ov, m., a parasang, 

equal to thirty stadia. 
vra^eiff'xsvci^at, affv, vret^terxtv&xa, 

-s-fAai, (flragarxit/fl) I prepare, 

make ready, procure. 
Tet^eiffxiufi, tis, f», (ira^a, 9xiun% 

equipment) preparation; force. 
va,^a.v^uv, 2 a, inf. of 'r»f\.^e», 
va^etrei^fsj, and -rairrm, -ral^at, 

-rira^^ct, -yf^ett, (fta^^, viff^oi) 

I draw up in battle-order, p. 

part. P, ^a^artrayfAivos. 

(«*«^a, TtivM, I Stretch) I stretch 

out along, extend, ira^triraro, 

was extended. 
^a^iifAt, ^a^iffofAM, (fr«^a, f'/cci) I 

am present ; come to. imp. vrtt- 

^nv. iv rZ ^ra^ovri {xi'*v)i *' 

the present moment. 
Tet^ixXn^n^av, 1 a. P. of cru^axi- 

^K^tXauvat, -tXHo-a/, Attic iXZ, -tXrr 

X&xoc, -fitai, (^irx^k, tXetvvu) I 

drive by, ride by. \a,A, tra^vi' ■ 

Tu^i^^ofAtti, Tra^iXtuffefAoci, 2 p. <ra- 

^%Xv^Xt6a., {'^a.^k, i^^ofAen) I pass 

by, pass. 2 a. A. iea.^x6ov. 
fca.^%<rx%veLffouro* 1 a. ii, of <r«- 





ita^irirMro^ plup, P, of ^ra^anivtt. 
ira^i^it, ira^i^Mj ana ^tt^av^nffuy 

furnish, supply ; render, make. 
2 a, A. 9'et^iffx^v. ovV II 9'etpi- 
X»ty not even if he should deli- 
ver them up. 

^a^fiyyiXfcivx^ p, part. jP. of ira- 

^ra^n^-iov^ 2 a. of ^'x^i^^ofien, 

^x^nfittkf}»ci/Sy 1 p, part, of 9ra^»- 

^raoeiofy dv, f.^ (ir«^a, T%»i) a pas- 

(ira^a, of-^ofiai) 1 pass on. ra>y 
^a^tfi^rfAivuvj of what was past. 

riafpeiffiogj tfv, m.y a Parrhasian. 

HapvffdriSy /5o/, f.^ Parysatis, 
Queen of Darius. 

^ec^tu^zftivvVf p. part. JP, of iret^ol- 

*a,fy xeiffa^ ^Sv, every, all. (*«t«) 
ira»T«, in every thing. 

Tluffituv, uvofj m., Pasion, a native 
of Megara. 

veac^Vy v'tUofjt.a.ty 2 p. ^ri^rdvia, I 
suffer. 2 a. A. tTaSev. oivf Jy 
tZ t^afiavj in return for the be- 
nefits I had received. 

Tlaruyvasj ov, 7n., Pategyas, a Per- 

^rarri^, ^'ari^ef, ^rar^ogj TO., a fa- 
ther ; not contracted in the ace. 
s. and pi. 

9rxr^)s, T^oftf.y {irecrfi^) one^s coun- 

KrarffMOf^ a, »», and ay, »», (trar^^) 
of a father, paternal. 

make to cease. M. I cease, de- 
sist. 1 a. A. traua-a. 1 a, M. 

lla(pxi'yciffj ivog^ TO., a Paphlago- 
nian, a native of Paphlagonia, 
in Asia Minor. 

<ri3/0y, ov, 71., (T/^0y, the ground) a 

iriZos, »j, »v, (w-i^a, the foot) on 
foot, infantry. tri^J, on foot. 


iriUMf «'iiV*r, viiruxaj '^fuu, I per*- 
suade, prevail upon. M, I obey ; 
am prevailed on. 1 a. A, l^-u- 
a». 1 a. P. txurSnv, 

irtiveio/^ ««•«, 9rtxiivfi*»i {^'iTvet^ hun- 
ger) I hunger, am hungry. 

irtT^Xy Aft fy a trial, experience. 
U «ri/fa yWiffdxiy to have associ- 
ated with. 

itld^eiaty &ffity 9ft9'ti^ax»^ 'f^h (*'<^* 

pa) I try, attempt, endeavour. 

TUffOfAtLl^ ft, M. of V'ttV^V, 

«••/«•««/, a, fl», (?riiV&;) to be obey- 
ed, uf TtiO'Titf «7»j Kktetf^M^ 
that Clearchus must be obeyed. 

UtXo^'oyvno'iefy «, tfv, (UiXairivvna-tf) 

UiXaTovvria'os^ ev^f., (niXfliTfl/, vn- 
ffoff the island of Pclops) the 
Peloponnesus, or Morea. 

nixrxij Mv, /., Peltse, a town in 

xiXTuo'TfiSy ev, TO., (sriXru) a tar- 
geteer, a light-armed soldier. 

^iXTx^rTKify »j, «», (^trtXraaThs) re- 
lating to a targeteer. inXra^ 
rixov (a'T^artvfia) targeteer force. 

«r«XT>j, n(y y., a target. 

irifA^Vy irifAypMf vri^afi^a^ iriv'tf/t- 
fjMi^ I send, i a, A. t^etfA^a, 
1 a. P. WifA^hv. 

irtfA^Sut^ 1 a, part. P. of itifAittf, 

irifTXKoa'iaij eti^ «, («ri»ri) five hun- 

srivTi, adj, indeckf five. 

^tvrixathixxt adj, indecl,^ (irtyrf, 
xa2, 2i»a) fifteen. 

iri»TJ7«flVT«, acj/. indecl.j (irivri) 

iri{r0/»}XA*f , 1 j9. /7ar^ o/* vmsm. 

irf{r0i*}ra/, jO. /^. o/* iTMfw. 

srnrra/xflTa, 1 /?. »art. of sr/Vrjw. 

irc^ay, a(/v., on tne other side, a- 
cross ; frequently used as a prep, 
governing the gen, 

«'(^^i^, 7x0f, c, a partridge. 

trif/, prep, governing tlie gen, dat, 
ana ace. ; with the gen.^ about, 
concerning, for; wUh the dat.^ 
close about ; with the ace., about, 




itt(iyiy9«/MUf and "yivd/im, -yumro- 
fiucty -yiyivfifiaty {*t^h yiy^tf^t*) 
I am superior, overcome. 2 a, 
M, 9rt^ityiv»fAtiv, is atrot iri^i- 
ymiftivof avf as being in this way 
likelj to be superior. 

am around ; am superior, excel. 
imp, 9'ifiiiiv. raa-evTov tri^/^v, was 
so much superior. 

^i^ti<rx^»»^ -f^ou^ {'*'^ih «a;*») I 

fAivu) I wait for, wait. 1 a. A. 
vrt^tifituvtx. Bpers. s. opt jEolic. 

Utoivfios^ ev^f.f Perinthus, a town 

m ThrcuXy on the Propontis. 
iri^t^^ adv. J {^i^^t) round about. 

walk) a walking about. Iv <r«f/- 
<r«T» evriff to be walking about. 

iri«/ir(0'frv, 2 a. inf, of 'ri^i'X'l^rbi. 

9ri(itri9rTWy -^iveufAaiy -xivroixa^ 
(jriji, ^iv-ru) 1 fall upon, throw 
myself upon. 2 a. A, ^i^ticti- 

«'f^iirXf«, -^xiuvtt^ -^xivfofjuci^ and 
vkiWovfAaty 'iritrXfi/xa, -fffAat^ 
(«rig), ?rX««) I sail round. 

9rTv^a-My I fold) I surround, take 

in flank. 1 a. -4. vn^iiTTv^a. 
irt^if^iat, ^t^ippivffefAKtf -ippvtiKei. 

(?rsgi, fiv) I flow round, iri^i- 

tfftTro, was surrounded. 
iri^i^rt^etj eiSjf'i * dove. 
ni^«'»jff, ot;, 7n., a Persian. 
Tit^vtxis, fly tfv, (ui^a-rjs) Persian. 
^iTofjteu^ 9riTfi^of*Mi, and verntofAatj 

I fly. 
trtr^a, ets^fy a rock. 
iri<ptvyusy 1 />. /?ar/. oJ'(ptvyat, 
^tpXnffieuy p. inf. P, ojf ^tXiot. 
vrKpuXccyfAivMSt adv.y (^(/Xa^'tf'Af) 

cautiously, us oiof ri fiaXtrTO, 

vtfuXayfAiwsj as cautiously as 

irfiyti, ns, /., a spring, a fountain. 
vrnkosi 0V) Tn., clay, mud. 
iJjyfffs, nrdff w., Pigres. 

press hard. 
^ifitrkfifUy frXi}0'«tf, iriirXn»a, •r/uu^ 

I fill. 3 per«. /7Z. tin/?. :!. !«*//«- 

itiirTMf irtftufMitf Kri9rTotxatt I &11. 
ILtf-i^a/, «y, m., the Pisidians, t^ 

inhabitants of Pisidia in Asia 

itto'TtvM, tvfcjf <rtiri^rivxay 'fuu, 

(^-iff'Tis) I trust, put faith in. 
ff-iW/f, IMS, f.y {tiUu) a pledge, 

assurance ; fidelity. 
«'/«'Tov, fly, w., («ri«'Tfl() a pledge. 
9rt<rrosy fly fl», (xiiiu) faithful, tmsfy. 

comp, TiffraTi^oSy sup. Keivrira,- 

res. rcHv vrta-Telivf of the faithful 

flr/^TflT»»f, fiT9Sy f.y {*i9rls) good 

faith, fidelity. 
TtXayiosy a, «!», anc? «?, av, slanting. 
^Xeiifftovy eVf 72., an obloDg figure. 

iv 'Tkecio'iu 9'Xn^u av^^tiTMVy in 

solid column. 
' tifoty ^rt^rXavfixay -fuuy I 

lead astray. M. I wander. 
irXoLffffUy and ^rXdrrvy vXi^Uy <rc- 

^XafffjLuiy I mould ; fabricate. 1 

a. M. l9rXa^»/Atif. ((«*/) r« irXa- 

ff'fffl'^a/ ^/'tt;2)f, on &bricaUng false- 
^Xi^^tecTeSy a, »y, {^XU^nj of the 

size of a plethron. 
xxid^ovy ouy n.y& plethron, equal to 

101 English feet. 
^Xiiousy for irXtiavtSi Or irXtitniSy 

nom. and ace, pi. m. ^c /. of 

irXEiVray, adv.y (v'Xti^Tos) most, 

very much, very (sr. 
vrXiiffTou fly ov, {sup. ofireXvs) most, 

very many, very much, very 

xXiiaty for irXt/tfya, acc, pi, n. of 

«rXei«y, and ^rXiify «y, «», (comp, 

ofvroXui) more, larger. U xxi- 

ofosj from a greater distance. 
^Xitity rXio^My vrXiuf'cfMUj and 

9rXufrtvfuUj iriirXtyiuty "^/um, I 




irknyh, fifif-^ ('rXnffft, I strike) a 

irXnfiosy C0r, 91., {irXrtiu) a multi- 
tude ; extent. ^Xnht fAtv x'^i'^ft 
in extent of territory. 

irXfiVitf, I am fuU. imp, t^Xtihv. 
2 p. ^i^Xn^et, 

irX«», adv.^ besides, except ; fre- 
quently used as a prep, with the 

irXr^vSi »»?» 'f > {^Xiosj full) full of, 
filled with. 

crX»j«'/a^ft/, £a-My (^Xfio'ies, near) I 
bring near ; come near ; ap- 

^Xvff'ictircires, »», 6f, (^sup, of trXfi- 
alis^ near) nearest. 

tX^cIov^ adv., {rXfiffiofj near) near. 

^xUdos^ ov^f., a. brick. 

^XoTov, at/, n., {tX'hu) a ship, trans- 
port ; boat. 

^Xou0-iMrts;os, «, e*, [comp, of 9'Xou- 
^iofy rich) richer. 

frXtft/Tf A>, nff'o/f Tt^XovTfjxUf (^<rXou- 
Tofj wealth) I am rich. 

iTtfJwgjjf, »»f, If, (wtfy?, «j«, I join) 
reaching down to the feet. 

itaneit, ^ff'ofj vrt^otuxei, -(jLat, I do, 
cause, make, ort irc^} TXilvrov 
^amro, that he deemed it of the 
greatest importance, eiv vf^i 
9retvr»s Toiiia-etiroy would valuo it 
above every thing. 

KTomTUiy «, «», («•«/•«) to be done. 
«l ^oinrioVf must not be done. 

'ToiKtXas^ «, fly, variegated. 

^o7os^ »j 0y, what like, what. 

VoXifAtUf %9oi^ ^iToXifAfixa, (fTflXl- 

fAoj) 1 make war, fight. 1 a, A. 

^roXifAiKOf, ff, 0y, («'«Xf/c&«f) fitted 

for war. 
^oXifAiafj a, 0y, (•r/Xf/c&0f) hostile. 

(*«T«) r« «'0Xi/&ia, in warlike 

troXi^flf, «t/, wi., war, hostility. 
^oXio^xiMj nrett iti^eXto^xrixei^ -fJMt^ 

{toXis, X^xost a hedge) I block- 
ade, besiege. 

9'oXis^ xui^f.y a city. 

ir«xxaxif, adv,^ {ntt^Mi) many 
timeSj often. 

a'«XX««'Xa0'i0f, ft, 0y, anc? 0f, «y, 

(woXtTf) many times as many. 

ffXX^tfy frflXXaflrXaff-iAry, many 

times as many more. 
fTtfXtr, adv,, \^aXvi) much, &r, ft 

great way. 
iroXueivi^atTos, cf, «y, (o'dXtr;, «y 

i^uTof) populous. 
fTflXv;, fTflXX?}, trtfXt', many, much, 

great, extensive, cl toXXo), the 

majority, ra waXy (/«*i$«f) the 

greater part, oh fr^XXf ixt'^v) 

not long, itr/ fr«Xt>, to a great 

fTflXt/riX^f, fff, i;, ({TdXtrf, WXtff, 

expense) costly. 
{TffyiAr, t}^Ai, ana f0'w, ^i^ovuxa^ 

-fAKt^ («r*ytff) I toil, labour. 
Tovn^as^ «, 0y, ({Ttfyf'v) bad, wicked* 
{Ttfyof, 0t;, m., (vthtfjMt, I labour) 

toil, labour. 
Tff^i/a, «?, y., («ra«yft») a joumey, 

march, a way of going. 
^o^VTios, a, 09, (trtf^fyo/) tO bs 

traversed, ^ro^iuriov V hfuVf we 

must go, however. 
fTtf^it/A;, «•«, trurfl^iu/ttai, («r«j«f) I 

convey. M. I march, travd. 

I furnish, provide. M, I pro- 
9-0^0;, 0(/, 7n., a means of passing. 
reffovTovf ^o^evg^ SO many means. 

^o^<pv^toSf «, 0y, anc/ ^o^<p6^ovSf «, 
0vy, {^o^^S^et, the purple-fish) 

xoffoSf fij 0y, how great, how exten- 

«r0Td5^of, 0£;, m., {itir^f) a river. 

{r0Ti, ac/v., when ? ; at some time, 
once; pray. 

9rori^ay and 'rirt^ovy odv.j (^^ort^os, 
whether of the two) whether. 

iroTOVj 0t;, n., (rivu^ I drink) drink. 
a-Tra xa.) Ktora^ meat and drink. 

TOTosj 01/, m.f (r/yor, I drink) a 

W0I/, adv,j where ? 

?r0i/, at/y., somewhere, anywhere, 

vwgf ^oiitf m., ft foot. 




ir^uyfiM, Aroff n., {^^Avfti) a thing 

done, an event, circumstance. 

9^ot,yfAttrot. ff'a^t;^0VTA>v, causing 

«'f«i'^f, »»?, «j, steep. 
flT^a^/f, »«;, yi, (^r^aa-fl-Aj) a doing ; 

an enterprise. 
9^a.99aiy and v^aTTMf tr^a^Ar, iri- 

flr^a;^*, -yfixi, I do. 1 a. ^. 

i^^et^a, 1 a. i'. W^oi^Snt. 'in 

Vi xaxtoy ^^ei^uav, and should be 

still more unfortunate. 
w^ecvf^ t7»y £i, tame. 
ir^aA/f, acfv., (^r^at/f) mildly, vr^aaas 

Xiyn. should speak lightly. 
v-fi^ru, impers.y it suits, becomes, 

imp, Itr^ffTf. 

/3t/;, old) I am ambassador. Jf. 

I send an ambassador. 
^^tff&vr&Tos, fij 09j (x^ifffius, old) 

iTQtffivri^oSj «, «y, (flrgiy/St/y, old) 

w^/aa-^a/, to purchase, wsccf ow/y {« 

t^e 2 a. 3/. cfr^iff^fiv. 
wjiv, adv., before, formerly, until. 

«rgflTi^fl» ?rf)i», before that, until, 
••fa, /)rep. governing the gen.^ be 

fore, in preference to, in front 

of; in behalf of. 
^^oayo^ivatj ffu^ vr^enyi^tvxei^ 'f^eii, 

(^^Of ayo^ivtt^ I harangue) I 

proclaim, issue an order. 

(-r^fl, alvSavofjiai) I perceive be- 
forehand, 2 a. v-fipa-^oftriv, 

I begin before or first, begin. 

f <rfo, ^ttXXu) I throw before. 
J/. I hold before. 

irje/Sara, «»►, n., («rf«/3«/va», I gO 

forward) sheep, cattle. 

(wffl, 5/5&;/t«/) I give up, abandon, 
desert. 2 a. ^r^oi^tuv. 

^r^oloTtiSj av, ?/!., (?rf flJiSft/^i) a trai- 

vr^aiovvaif 2 a. in/*, o/" irga^i^<i>^4. 

v-^otiltvy 2 a.,(frf«, tn0v) I foresaw, 

subj, vrpotiv, ^c. 
^r^iufAiy («•?«} «V0 ^ 5° forward, 

go before, advance. 2. pluTp, 

«rffl«/«r«i', 2 a., (flr^a, sTrtfir) I pro- 
claimed, announced. 

^^aiXetvvMj -(Xa0'<v, ^W/c sAw, -iXn- 
Xixeiy •fAdiy (*'f^i iX«(/vA>) I ride 
forward, advance. 1 p. tnf, ir^»- 

'r^ti^X'^f/.ttty 'iXivff oftai^ 2 p, iX»)- 
XC^a, (tr^tf, t^x^H"""*) ^ conie or 
go forward. 2 a. ^'^aijk^ov, 

^^eterffeti, 2 a. in/*. 3/. of vr^tnufM, 

«rf a>ji/, 2 /)/m/). o/* ^^ixifjut, 

irgoJjX^flv, 2 a. of ^^ol^x^f""'*' 

^^eSifjuiafAcciy -^O'Ofceciy {^^i^Dfitof) I 
desire, am eager. rS ir^a^vfAiT^ 
fixty in being eager. 

^^o^vfAiXy xfy f, {ve^»6Zfikoi) zeal, 

^^i^vfAos, Of J 0y, (^(»i Bvftofj the 
mind) eager, zealous. 

'T^e^vfd.oTi^o^y adv,y [x^ofiSfAos) more 
eagerly, more ardently. 

9r^otfiju,tj tr^tf^tf'ar, 'lixxj -fMty («rf0, 
Infj^t) I send before, ilf . I give 
up, betray. 2 a. M, vr^oifinv. 

9r^oiivTts, pres.parL of^-^oti/ui. 

T^otffTl^fAty ^^OffrnffUy Vr^OfffTflXXj 
9'^9iTT&fAXIy (iTf't 'iffTtlfJit) I set 

before, set over, vr^et^rinftuy had 
been commanding. 

ct^oxaraxxiuy -xxufiu, €md xaufff 
fjLXiy -xixxvxa, -fAxiy (^f^, xxrx, 
xxtu) I burn before, lay waste 

XfoxxTxXafA^&veity -Xfi^ofiaiy -i/Xir* 
<pXy -fAfAxiy (irf«, xxrecj Xerfi^i- 
vm) I seize beforehand, pre-occu- 
py. ft. part, M, ^^exaraXn^p*- 


n^oxXtigy tofy m., Procles. 

the forehead) a frontlet. 
U^elives, 6Uy m.y Proxenus, one of 

the Oreek generals. 
9rf9«Troj Attic for ^^euro, 2 O. opL 

M, Of^^tllifAU 




9r^dirifAiriff 'xifi^M, 'xiffApat^ -ire- 
^%(jLfi.a.i^ {<T^i^ v'ifA^'ot) I send for- 
ward. 1 a, P. ^^aivifA^inn, 

<r^flf, prep., governing the gen., 
dat., and ace. ; with the gen., hy, 
from, of, towards, in the sight 
of ; with the dat., near, adjacent 
to ; in addition to ; with the ace, 
to, against, with respect to, on 
account of. sr^*; rov Kvoov t^o- 
irav, in accordance with Cyrus' 

it^oruyv, 'tilw, -^X»* "yf^ai^ Wt^Sj 
aycj) I lead against ; advance. 

v^offKtriu, ««•«, -nrtixa, 'f^eit, (w^a;, 
atr'iu) I ask besides, ask more. 

9r^o0'^i^oi, Attic for ^^»giiiMfu. 
imp. 9r^oa-iii^ow, 

fAai, («r^»ff, h^ufii) I give be- 
sides, give in addition. 

^^iffuftt, (w^tff, iT^i) I go to, ad- 
vance. 2 plup. 9'(oa-^ti¥. 

9r^o(nXtivvoj, -iXiftt, Attic iX«l, -sXif- 
Xixtt, 'fAxi, («'^0;, ikauvt) I ad- 
vance, advance against. 

5rf«^t«;^a^«/, 'iXtv^ofAat, — 2 p, iXfi- 
Xv6ot, {^^o(, t^^ofitMi) I come to. 
2 a. A. ir^a^iix^ov, 

^^ta-i^^tt, -«^«, and v^nffot, -kv^nxa,, 

to. TM Xpeffi^OVrt T09 99V9, for 

one directing his attention. 

^r^ovnxu, -fi^tt, (ir^tff, ^«a») I come 
to ; am related to. v^o^nxw, re- 

«r^o^^sv, adv., (^rfo) before, former- 
ly, tis TO «r^fl«'^iv, forward. 

9'^ofiovrMv, pres. part, of ^r^o^u/Ai. 

^^ofxtAoj, vi^u, 'Xtxvvfixet, '/lett, 
(r^af, xvv'm, I kiss) I kiss the 
hand to, do obeisance to, salute. 

tr^orXeifAfiivM, -XinypofAeit, -iiXn^ei,, {vr^of, Xff/u/3av«) I take 
in addition to, add. 2 a. V(&- 
yiXafiov. ^r^offiXifA&tmvy took 

v-^ea-olas, •!/, f.^ (•'ftffj »^os) an ap- 
proach ; income, revenue. 

it^»f»/ntyfu, and '•/t.vyv^ '^fUSiuu^ 

'9ftMfAtxa, 'tfiMfAtfAat^ and '•flat' 

fAifffACLt, {t^OS, OfAVDfCl) I SWCaT 

besides, swear in addition. 1 a. 


ir^tff^oiiv, jjff'AT, 'irt^einxetj -fieet, 
(«r^0$, ^-atia/) I add to. M. I 
pretend, affect. 

^^off^oXtfiiat, ««•«, •iri^'oXifAnxa, 
{^^os, o'tfXs/tti/ir) I make war a- 

vr^tffTxfffff, and -r«TTA», -rd,%6t, -tI- 
v&x«; -yfAOti, (irjflf, Tafl-tf-ar) I 
order, enjoin. 1 a. P. ^^offt- 

a breast-plate. 
cr^offri^fifii, -Htr»i, -riSitxa, -fiteu, 
{t^osi riStifAt) I add to. M. I 
agree with, assent to. 2 a. M, 

Kt^iffoi, adv., {T^e) forward, on- 
ward ; far oflf. r«u «•{«»■•», on- 

^^offufiaa'af, \ a, of it^os'ofttSfti, 

^^otreaxov, ev, 72., i^^pos, eiyp, the 
countenance) the face, counte- 

cr^oTt^uTos, ei, ov, (tr^^rf^of ) on the 
day before, t^ ir^an^aief, (^^i- 
^et) , on the previous day. 

^^oTt^e*, adv., (sr^ari^flf ) formerly, 
before, previously. 

9r^oT%^9(, a, Of, (wg*) before, for- 
mer, sooner. 

^^orTfitdat, v^^v, -rtTifitixet, '/tat^ 
(t^a, rifAoioi) I prefer in honour, 
honour. 1 a, P. ir^otri/Anhv. 

^^aTpi;^u, -^^i^oftect, and ^^otfAavfMU^ 
-'hih^afAtixa, -fAO.!, («r^», f^^X'") 1 
run forward. 2 a. vr^tii^ifAOf. 

^(ifaifM, -p&vu, 'vri<peiyxa, 'ffieu, 
(ir^0, ^at9u) I shew forth. M, 
I appear, come in sight. 

v^o^ifftf, ioif,f,, (^xfio^ttivu) a pre- 
text, ritr fMv ir^o<paffir iiraturoy 
he made it his pretext. 

9'^9<pSXec%, ixof, in., (sr^tf, ^(/X«^) 
an advanced guard, outpost. 

^('/^^^'^« i|0'Ar, and vi^afAtu, -»f;^«- 

ward ; go on welL trt *^»x^i**^% 




whatever might suit his conve- 

9r(utj adu., (ir^*) early, in the 

^^airtvofj 9ta^ (ir^A>T0f) I am the 
first, hold the first place. 

irgft/Tflv, adv.^ («r^ft/Ttff ) first, for the 
first time. 

^^uToSf «, fl», (^^c) first, chief, hold- 
ing the first place. 

wWft;^, vyeSf/.f {^ira/tiai) a wing. 

Hvfiayo^m^ evj m.y Pythagoras, a 
Lacedcsinonian commander, 

iruKvast *}, 0y, close, dense. 

iri/X«, fis, /., a gate, a pass ; gene- 
rally used in the pi, 

^UffidvofAaif and xivioftai, 9'tvffofitat, 
irt^va-fiaij I inquire, learn, un- 
derstand, hear. 2 a, M. Wv^ofAnv. 

irt/f, ^vocf, n.f fire. 

Uv^ecftesi cv, wi., the Pyramus, a 
river in Cilicia, 

wt/^flff, flt/, wi., wheat. 

«'A>, adv,y up to this time, yet, ever. 

irctfXia/, ^V*, ^ixuXnxa,^ 'H-^h ^ sell. 

vrat^oTi^ adv,, (?r«, srert) ever, at 
any time. 

«•«*, ac?w., how, in what manner. 

a-A/ff, ac?y., somehow, for some rea- 
son or other. 


the mind) I am easy-tempered ; 

lead a life of indolence. 
pet0vfi.iet, etfi/ii {hetfivfAiea) easiness 

of temper ; indolence. 
fZffvos^ »j, tfv, (^sup. of ftfitofj easy) 

easiest, very easy, 
^tftf, ^tvc9jt£,eii, if^vTjxetj I fiow. 
^Itrratj //'v/'W, ip^T^a, -fiftai^ I throw, 

cast off. 1 a. tpfi-ypa. 
faivvvfti^ and patv^VM^ p, P, ippatfAeti, 

I Strengthen, iffufiivdv^ strength 

of courage. 

^aXTiZai^ I sound the trumpet. 1 

a. UaXm'^at, io-i) U^>.«'«y|« 
(« fax^iyrhs), when the trum- 
pet sounded. 

2«^flff, ovy m,, {^fcsf, Samos) a 
Samian, a native of Samos. 

tra^ltif, •»»»,/., Sardes, the capital 
of Lydia, 

a-UT^av-iuvj r«, (a^arf&^-iis) I am a 
satrap ; I rule as satrap. 

tf-ar^awu/, •«», »»., a satrap, a Per- 
sian viceroy. 

laru^of^ cvj fH,^ a Satyr. 

o'a^ugj adv.j {trains, clear) clearly, 

fftaurou^ and ffavrtivf «f, •«/, (tf-w, 
avTos) of thyself. 

{or,fjLet, a sign) I give a signal, 
make known, intimate. 1 a. A, 
ier^fAfivei. Igrti^av ^c ftiftiivi^^ and 
when a signal shall be given. 

e-fifcitavy avy «., {vtifia^ a sign) a sig- 
nal ; a standard. 

o-rifAiivify 1 a. subj, of e-fi/itaift. 

ffiia-ifio*^ ot/j W., and ^n^ifitesi ov^fi 

a-iyrij »jf, f, silence, c-iyjf, in si- 

a-iykesy ov, «!., a siglus, a coin. 

liXAfOf^ 6Vj m., Silanus. 

e-iTetyuyesy ogy •i', (ffiros^ «>•') con- 
veying com. fftTay»tya vrXila., 

fffriojty ovj «., (ffiTtf) food, provi- 

ftros^ ouy m,y com, grain, food, 
provisions, pi. fftrm,. 

iiTTiKHj fis, /., Sittace, a town in 

9iwjra.Uy Ytffdfjtaiy ffitneii'irfiKay [ff.u*ny 
silence) I am silent, keep si- 
lence, imp. Ifftu'X'tiy, 

ffKixarfiocy arog^ w., \(rxWn<, a co- 
vering) a covering, a covering 
for a tent. 

0'xt«rrsay, [rxc^ioj) it must be con- 
sidered, rxi^rtov ilvatit tO be 
necessary to be considered. 

ffxtvt<po^asy «;, 0v, (^xit/0(, an uten- 
sil, ^t^Ai) carrying baggage. r« 
ffxiveifi^ety baggage. 

fxti/ufj nfify iifxnnt) I am encamp- 




ed, am quartered, la. A, Iffxnfn- 

a-xtivh, *fSjJ''y * tent, 

ff»ma>f/ua^ etrofj n., (d'Xfjv^) a tent, 

e-jcflTrev^os^ aVy TO., (^x^wt^oi', a 
Staff, t^^at) a wand-bearer, a 
high officer in the Persian court. 

9Ko^iej, ir»i^o(jkiti^ t9KtfA(^ [tko- 
^os) I observe, consider, under- 
stand. o-Ko^aivy on careful ob- 

ffxoTosy evy TO., a spy, scout. 

rxoreciosi «, «», {ff kotos) dark, in 
the dark. 

ffx'oTos^ ov, TO., and irxorofy los, n., 

SflXfl/, uv^ TO., Soli, a town in Ci- 

^ovtrec^ A;y, n., Susa, a town in Per- 

^o<peiiviresj at/, 77}., Sophaenetus. 

9o(p'nt^ «j, f. {^ffe(poi) cleverness, 
skill. fTf^/ ffo^ietf, about skill 
in music. 

9o(pos^ 11, 0y, skilful ; talented, ac- 

vos^ scarce) I lack, am in want 

ffxeivtos^ «, 0y, (ff'travaf, scarce) 

2?ra^T»», »jf, /., Sparta, the capital 

of Laconia. 
ffTciaf^ vjruffUy ?«-«•«««, -^fLUi, I 

draw. 1 a. M. iff^affifAfi^. 

crx'i'thu, ffTUffOfJtoLt^ tff'^iixet^ -a-fz.eii, I 
pour out a libation. M., I make 
a truce or peace, i? tm a-xiiceciTo^ 
if he had made a treaty with 
any one. «/ r^rifioirof if there 
would be a truce. 

ff-^tvieit^ -ivfot, and ive-o/Aaif I has- 

ff'srovhhi nsify (tf'srw^a^) a libation, 
/)/., a truce, a treaty. <ra^« t»s 
fffovhoiSy contrary to the treaty. 

ff^Ovhci^Oiy -iO'My and eKTOfAOLty If^OU- 

Jaxa, -fffjLaty {^ffTouhh) I make 

I speak seriously, engage in 
earnest conversation. 
ff'x-euhn^ ntif.^ {(T^ivhu) haste. 

VTMiof^ 0t/, 72., and ffTuhies^ eVf TO., 

i^ifTfifin) a stadium ; about the 
eighth part of a Roman mile. 

ffTu^ftoi^ »!/, TO., (iffrrifAi) a Stage; 
halting-place ; a day's march. 

^raind^My eio'ej^ le-raa'ieixa^ (jfrafftf^ 
sedition) I rebel. ffrotffia^ovTtt 
ecvrSj forming a party against 

ffrii^u^ p. P. ia-rifiiiftai, I tread, 
9'et^a, rots e-Ttifiofitivets o^ougj along 
the frequented roads. 

0'Tives., »», fl», narrow. 

g'Tivoxof^iet, «*,/, (•'TivoV, X'^i^) ^ 
confined space, a narrow road. 

ffTi^yuy ^-tj^^a;, 2 p. ivre^yu^ iff- 
Ti^yfAotiy I love. 

a-rt^iu^ and ^rt^i^xut ^Tt^vftHy W- 
ri^nxec^ -fietty I deprive of. 1 a. 
P. ivn^fiSnv. 

tf-Tj^vflv, ouy w., the breast. 

(rri^ofiUi^ ffTipYKrofAett^ I want, am 
deprived of. 

g-ri^iifos, fit/, TO., (fl-Ti^flf, I crown) 
a crown. 

trrtiffas^ 1 a. part. oftfrnfM. 

a-Tt^oSf fly, TO., (e-rtt(iat) a track. 

o'rl^os^ iosy 71., (^rrtt^bi) a dense 
body, a crowd, to (Atvov ^rTipos^ 
the dense body in the centre. 

9-rkiyy)s^ fhos^f.^ a flesh-scraper. 

ffroXhi *iSi /•» (fl"TtXX«, I send) a 

^ToXes, fli/, TO., (fl-rixXAT, I send) an 
expedition, armament; route. 

^T^etTtv/tiec^ aros^ 7}., (fl'T^artVA/} an 
army ; a company. 

(rr^etriuej^ (rat, iffr^artuxa, -fji>ai^ 
(a-T^KToSf an array) I serve as 
a soldier, march. 

err^etrfiyiv, ««•«, {ar^etros, an army, 
hyiofAai) I lead an array, com- 
mand. MS fih o-T^eiTfiynffofTtt 
ifil ravTfiv rhv ffr^otrnyiav, that 
I will take upon myself this ofiSce 
of commander. ffr^aTinyu}t 5«- 
w-^a^aTfl, he managed to obtain 
the command. 

vr^arnyiot^ ns^f.^ (fr^artiyinf) the 




office of commander, general- 
ship. uuTt} ti ffT^ttrnyiet^ this 
mode of conducting an army. 

^v^ttTfiyof^ M/, Wl., (tf-T^artff, an 
army, hyiefiMt) a leader, gene- 

ffT^ariet^ as^f.^ [(rr^otrif^ an army) 
an army. 

fT^ccriurtiSj 01/, ?n., (ff'r^tfTia) a 

-fAdiy {^ffr^ecroxihtv) I encamp, 

^T^aTtfTsJtfv, flf/, n., {fT^KTosy an 

army, «ri Jav, the ground) a camp. 
(rr^ec(pivTtSf 2 a. part, P. of trr^i^v. 

«., {ffr^k<pu) a necklace. 
fr^ipcuj ffr^iy^ejf iffr^opei^ iffroetfA- 

fActiy I turn. 2 a. P. itf'r^«^»»». 

a-T(ec(pi97iSy having faced about. 
ffr^ov6osy ouy c, a sparrow ; ostrich. 

ffr^ou^oi ei fAiydkoiy ostriches. 
ffTvyvosy riy cVf («'ti/^, hatred) hated; 

1rufi<pu'kt9(y 0t;, m., a Stymphalian, 

a native of Stymphalus, a town 

in Arcadia, 
ffv, rovy pron.y thou. 
ffvyytvitSj »»f, «$, [ffvyyiyvofAen^oi the 

same race, akin, related. »i vuy- 

yiviTsi kinsmen. 
ffvyyiyvfifAaiy and -yivofceti, -yivrttro- 

fcetiy -yiyivfifjtaty {(rvv, yiyvofAoci) I 

am with, become acquainted 

with, am intimate with, meet. 2 

a. M. ff-vvtyivefiuv^ (Tvyytvia-^aty 

to have had a conference with. 
tryyxaXiu, -xaXitruy Attic kccXu, 

-xiKkyixety -/»«/, (0"yv, *aXfft>) 1 

call together, assemble. 1 a, A. 

ifvyxa.ra,ffT^i<paiy -trr^i'^oty -ia-r^o(pei, 

I assist in subduing. 1 a. M. 
1viv*iftii ttSt ^^'i Syennesis. 

'fAfjtxiy (avvy XafA^divu) I seize, 
apprehend, arrest. 
^t/XXiyw, ^«, ffvviiXo^ety -tiXiyfieii^ 
and ^vXXikiyfAaij {fftfVf Xiyea) 1 

I collect, gather. 1 a. A. rufixt- 

I l«. ^ 

a-vkXayfiy iff, /"., (^vkXiyu) a levy. 
cvfAfseikXtty -(iaktHy -^ij^Xrixtty -ftetti 
\ (ffvvy fiaXXet) I throw together. 
M. I contrioate. 

((fvfAfievXes) I advise, counsel. 

M, 1 consult with. 
ffvfA^ovXosy «(/, m., (ff't^y, jStfvXn, 

counsel) an adviser, counsellor.,dx»S^ ay, «>, (^t>», ^«;|;;»») 

fighting along with, auxiliary. 
I o'VfAfAiyvDfAif -vvMj and -ftitryuy 
' '(Jt.i^Vy -fAifAtyfJMty {ffVfy fA/yrvfii, 

1 mix) 1 mix with, unite with. 

1 a. A. fuvi(i,i^a. 

all together, all. {xarai) ro %\ 
ffv/A'X'nvy on the whole, then. 

ie%IAfjLtHy (ffvt, 9rifAvrv) I send a- 

long with. 1 a. ^. ffuvi^i/i.^f/a. 
ffUfA^rlTTOfy -vtg-ovfAaif -KtivrTMxaj 

[avit, 9'i'X'rt) I fall together ; 

come to blows. 2 a. A, o-uvixt- 
1 cov. o-vfA^iff6/Vj having grappled 

with her. 
, ffUfit^oXifittat, ^ftty -^tiraXi/jifixKj 
[ (fl-«y, urflXf^tff) I join with in 
I making war. 
ffVfA^i^ivefiMty -iuffOfMtty {ffuVf 9re^ivv) 

I march along with. 
. rvfi^^ifffaty and -^^drroty -flr^a^», 

I co-operate with. 
fvv, prep, governing the dat.^ with, 
I along with. Attic Ihu 
ffvvayu^aty -etytpu^ -ayriyt^fMiiy (^uf^ 

ayil^Uy I collect) I assemble. 
vviayuy 'a,\oiy -J);^;«, -y/t««/, (tf-wi*, 

^yto) I gather together, assem- 
. ble; draw together. 2 a, A.^ 


j ahxia>) I join in wrong, ix rw 

fovaitxitf attTtTff by joining 

with them in the commission 

of wrong. 

<rv9etxoX9v6iOiy nvtt^ 'fixaXcv^nxay 

[iTuyf a»ixtiffi«f) I foUow along 




with, accompany. 1 a. A, 

ffUfetXXiffu, and -etWarru^ ^o;, 

I change) I reconcile. 2 a. P., 
^vv^XXaytiv. truvetXXetytvrt ir^is 
Teh; alxot^ having come to terms 
with those at home. 

{a-i/fy ava, fietiVMf I go) I gO up 
along with. 2 a. A, e-uvavifinv, 

avT<) I meet. 1 a. A, o-wmTtt- 


9vvecxufitt^ (<rv9 i^o, *^M'') 1 S^ 

away with. inf. ^uvecsnivai, 
avvcc^Totf -ei\}^a>j -^fiftaij (*"«>, S^- 

T«, I knit) I knit together. 

fjtei^fiv a-vveiypiTtj yoo shall join 


guest. 9vv}u9'vov Woinraro, made 

him his guest at table. 
ffvvii^o*^ 2 a. I perceived plainly ; 

suhj. g-jvf^at, ^c. 
fvvufii^ 'iffofieu^ (^^*) "VO 1 ^™ 

with. ruv cuvatreuVf of those 

who were with him. 
avvtiftij (tf't'v, *^f^'} I S^ with; en- 
gage with. 2 plup. 9V9^uv. fMi- 

^»v(jLtvof 9vvpti^ closed with them 

in order to fight. 
9uviK^tfia^at^ iffaij (0't'v, ix, )S//3a^w, 

I lift up) I assist in drawing 

y^vvtXHvrtSf 2 a. pari, of ^wi^p^o- 


trvvifAi^eCj 1 a. of ffVfcfjtlyvZfn, 
ffuviTKririviej^ «'«, (^vv, ifTi, v^w- 

'hot)! assist in forcing onward. 

1 a. A. g-vvtirirv'iva'et. 

ffVvWofAOtt^ ''f^9(Jt,a,t^ («"»"> ^^OfABtt) I 

follow with, follow, imp. vvvti- 


e-vvt^yoSf «t», tn., {ff'vvy t^ytv) a fel- 
low-labourer, assistant. 

o-uvio^ofcat, -i\iuff6fjt.ett^ — 2 p. iX»j- 
X5^«, (tf-yj*, i^x^/^^') I come to- 
gether, meet. 2 a. A. ffvvnXhv^ 
went in a body. 

ffuviff^ti^afAivfiVf p. part. P, of OV9' 

fUViptl, 2 plup. of ffivilfAl, 

trvvnXiov, 2 a. of ^wi^p^efcett, 

9vv6i(Aivoi^ 2 a. part. M. of vwri- 

ffvvStltro^ Attic for ffviffiurot 2 a. op. 

M. of ffmrifinft't* 
^vvdhosj otf.f, ('■'"'j fl^of) a meeting. 

tv r^ ir^uTi^ cvfi^tUj on the first 

ffvvoioeif 2 p. J -iifefcett, (^^V) eHec) 

1 am conscious. 

a-uvivf/a^ ets^f, {^uvufAi) a friendly 
meeting, conference. 

vuvrditrffu^ and -retrru, -Ta|a>, -ri- 
ra^et, -yfjutti^ (^'"j Ta «•«••») I ar- 
range, marshal, draw up. 9uvt- 
TUTTtroj was forming into line. 
^vyTKTTiffiett (xa<ra) rnv ra^i^- 
Tfiv («J«v), that they marshal 
themselves as soon as possible. 

Tifififci) I put together. M. I 
agree on, make a compact with. 

2 a. M. e-un^tfifiv. %1 rcf 9uv 
fiitn^ if he had made an agree- 
ment with any one. ffv\fifjt.ivoi^ 
having made a compact. 

ffwrofAureirot^ »j, a», (sitp. of ffvv 
rofjt9s^ short) shortest. 

a table) a messmate. 

ffvvruyx&yM^ -nv^ofiai^ -tit«i;;^«, 
and rtTv^rixa, («'y», rvyx^fu) 
I meet with, fall in with. 

^u^etxoo'iosy oupm.^ a Syracusan. 

2t/^/a, eiSjfi Syria. 

2t/^/flj, «, tf», Syrian. 

Swgflj, at/, TO., a Syrian. 

(^t/y, d^xit/o;, an utensil) I make 
ready. M. I pack up baggage. 
1 a. M. ffuvtff'xivaa'afAfiv. 

ffuffTaej^ iffu^ -iirxaxa.^ -ff(jLUi, C^^'i 
ffTKu) I draw together, sew to- 
gether, imp. o'vUff^iuv. 

9V(rxit^oiu, a^a>, (rvviffTi't^cLxct^ 'C-^h 
(«"«v, wii^tt^ a fold) I roll up to- 
gether, form in close order. 
fvit%9x%i^a.ft.iinit 1x^^*1 keeping in 
close array. 




I assist in makmg haste, in ex- 

rr^rivA>) I march along with. 

yof) a fellow-general. 

MTtis) a fellow-soldier. 

ffr^ari9rihov) I encamp along 
with. imp. ^uvt^T^ecraTi^ivofArjv. 

^u^vivj adv.y (vu^itos) far. ^la'Xu' 
vrovra, «"i/;^»a», at considerable dis- 

fux^ofy »»» «» long* 

ff<pa.yi9v^ oVj 72., (o'^arra;) a victim. 

f^drru, and ff^aT^u^ ^^a^A», 'ia^ay-^ I sacrifice. 1 a, A. tff(pa^et, 

0<pUij daU pL of ev. 

ff^oh^a^ adv., (ff^o}(if) very, very- 

ff^o\os, «, tfi», and «f , tfy, excessive. 
ffo^x tviuei, great scarcity. 

ffX,*oiety oLt^ f.y a raft. 

9X^*^y at/v., nearly ; mostly. 

ro etvTo ffx^fAoty into the same 

ffX'^"^ r*-*, ?tf';^'r««, -g-fcaiy I cleave. 

»';^oX«^<ii/, «fl"«, {9x»^*i) I have lei- 
sure. 1 a. A.y t^x^^ocfu. ax?' 
&9 ^xokei^fiy until he should have 

o'X'^^toTt^ov, adv., (tf';^»X«/A»f) 
more slowly. » 

*';^aXa<a/?, afZv., («';^tfX«) slowly. 

9x»>^n, fis^f", leisure, spare time. 

9u^ejy ffuffUy ffifAixety 'f^at, and 
•cfieci, (ffuog) I save, conduct 
safely. 1 a. P. Ifei^nv, ^Mviti, 
of saving yourselves. 

IciK^arnS'^ toSt m.^ Socrates. 

veifJLa, arcs J W., the body, ra letu- 
vHv o-eifAareiy their own persons. 

TMas^ a, 0y, safe and sound, safe. 

lAftf-zi, i*ff, 7/t., Sosis. 

ffirhsy rifos, »w., {^ai^v) a preserver, 
deliverer, voc, e-tUrt^. 

fhiTft^m, fff, y., (tf-AJT^^) safety, de- 

calculated to save. 
ftt^^tffmn, nf,f., (rti^^»»f, pradent) 
prudence, diacretion. 

r£i\for rait, pL n. of Sit. 

retXavrof, »if, n., a balanoe ; a ta- 

raXXeiyfor rk ak>M. 

rafAsivUf ffVj {rafAtaf, a Steward) 
I dispense ; M., I determine. 

Taftagj A*, 77}., Tamos. 

ratify i»fSf f., (Ta^fv) discipline, 
tactics, military array ; a com- 
pany, a rank. U ra^si, in order, 
in battle array, us rhv laurav 
rei^iv, in his proper place, xara 
ralus, in companies. Iwian 
rd^iv, a troop of cavalry. 

raxiives, *f} «y, obedient, submis- 

ret^eitr^v, and Ta^drroi^ \oiy nrs- 
^yfAtti, I disturb, alarm. 1 a. 
P. irec^dx^W. 

rd^uxosy ov, 7»., (r«^«V^i#) dis- 
order, confusion. 

Ta^a-asi ov, and Ta^^at, atf, 971., Tar- 
sus, a city in Cilida. 

rdffffej, and rdrri, rd^at, Tir&x'i 
-yf^eu, I arrange, marshal, sta- 
tion ; order. 1 a. A. tretla, 1 
a. P. irdx^nf. »trai T«;^^«»«i, 
SO to arrange themselves, trdx- 
^na-uv, had been appointed to the 

raZ^as, av, 772., a boll. 

ravTK. for rk aurk, 

reLvraVyjor ra aura, 

rdipos, avy m., (J^d^rai, I bury) a 

rdA^os, tft/, f., (S«irr4kr, I bury) a 
ditch, trench. 

rdx^y adv., {rax^s) quickly, pre- 

raxitoSi odv., (rax^fs) quickly. 

rdx'^'''*i odv., {retx^s) most quick- 
ly, is reixiffra, as soon as pos- 
sible, ff Muvara rdx^f'^i ^ 
quickly as possible. 




reixofy i«f, n.| {,'r»x^f) swiftness, 

rax,"^ adv,y{rtt,xvs) quicklj, soon, 

speedily, immediately. 
rax^Sy u»y «» quick, swift, comp, 

S-aa-O'taVj or B-eirraty ; 8Up, rax'^' 

TOf, {jtecret) rhv rax'tff^v Jmv, 

by the shortest road. 
T«, cow;., both, and. 
rt^viuretf for rtfiviixovetf 1 p, part, 

of B-vin^Ku, 
ri^vfiKi, 1 p. of Syi?0'x«. 

TS'fiuftMfAiVeSj P» part P. OfB-VfitOM. 

rtiv^ttxurfcivos^ p. part, Jr, of S'a/- 

Ttix^Si i»$» w., a wall. 

TtxfAn^taVy at;, n., (tIxjCmb^, a sign) 

a sure sign, a proof. 
Tsxvfly, tff, n., (jrixru^ I bear) a 

rtXsvraor, ««•«, TtrtXtvrnxKf (t«- 

Xst/Tw) I end, end life. inXtt/Tjj- 

0*1, (r0y /S/tfy) died. 
<r*X«t;r«, »5?, /*., (riXaf ) an end ; 

TiXflf, tof, n., an end. pL ret TtX»», 

the magistrates, [kxto) riXof Vt, 

and at last. 
TtretyfAivof^p.part, P. ofviorot. 
Tir^a.xifx't'^t'ii^ itiy «, (Wrragty, 

;^;/X/oi) four thousand. 
rirra^tff and riffffa^ify if, «, four. 
Tivfiffavioi, a/, /., Teuthrania, a c?«- 

<nc< a«c? town in Asia Miliar. 
rvfii^ov, adv., (rjf, hfAi^tt) to-day. 
rti^at a-Sy f.t a tiara. 
Tiy^TtSy «Ttff, m,y the Tigris. 
rlSrifii, 4n<ru, rihixity -/aoh, I place, 

appoint. la.A. ihx», 2 a. M. 

thfAv*, fiifAtvoi TOL oxXUf having 

piled their arms. ihr» ra aVXa, 

drew up in array. »«Ta ;^«^^«y 

?^f»Ttf ra «?rAa, piled up their 

arms in their place, ut ra^tv 

ra. flVXa rihf6euy tO stand tO 

arms in the order. 
rly.a,u), in^at, riri(Aftxa,, -fAOHy (t/^jj) 

I honour ; reward, la. A, \rU 

Tifih, ^iyf'y honour, esteem. 

rifiucfj a, av, and •{, oVf (rtfAfi) 

valued. ita^a fiet^iku TifAtety 
valuable in the eyes of a king. 

rifAM^iaiy ^ffcjy rtrtfAea^fixeif 'fi^^'t 
(n/Avij at^at) I aid. M. I take 
vengeance, punish. 1 a. P, It/- 
fceu^fi^nv. irifjttii^ovfifiyj I sought 
vengeance. vifAu^n^nvaty should 
be punished. 

rtfit^iet, as, /., (rtfiu^ii) punish- 

Tig, TtSy Tiy pron.y one, some, cer- 
tain, any one. 

rig, Ti?, t/, interrog,, who, what ? 
(Jia) t/, why? ri ouv, in what, 

Turva^i^vnsy tog, m., Tissaphernes. 
OjCC, rtffffaipi^vm, 

TtT^UffXU, TPUffUf TtTPtiffAaif I 

TflJ, adv., indeed. 

Tosyec^evvj adv., (to), y«^» dS*) 
therefore, accordingly. 

raivvy, adv., (roi) therefore, then. 

rotovlt, Totaht, rciovhi, (roTog, SUch} 
of such kind, such. 

reiouTog, reiavrn, toiovto, and raf 
ovrov, {roTogj such) of such kind, 
such, iv rotovTif rev xiviufou 
Tfiof/evreg, in such a situation 
of approaching danger. 

ToXf^ihrig, eu, rw., Tolmides. 

Tfl^sw/tta, irogy «., (ro^tvsa) an ar- 

ro^ivofj e-ai, Tirei^tvxec, -ftai, (ro^av, 
a bow) I shoot with the bow, 
shoot. 1 a. inf. P. ro^ivSvitm, 

rolTxosy n, av, (to^ov, a bow) belong- 
ing to archery, ra^ixijg, {Ttx^ng) 

rolerttg, av, 7W., (ri^tfr, a bow) a 
bowman, archer. 

To^ogy ovj m.j a place. 

TO^iffiiy roirvihiy rotrevhg, (ro^og, SO 
great)' 80 strong, roffoi^t ovrtg, 
being so few. 

ro^ovTog, rofctvrn^ roffovro, and 
Toa'cvToVf (roff-egj SO great) SO 
much, so many, too'ovtcu, by 
80 much. 

roTif adv., at that time, then. 

rtvfitv'akiv, for TO ifiTaXif, 

re 090 fia J for ro cve/ia. 




rauTovi^ for rourov^ gen, of cl/r»s, 
v^dytlfAa, arcs', 1., (r^iuyMy I eat) 

a thing eaten, pi. sweet-meats. 
T^aXAii;, ^v,/., Tralles, a town in 



T^d^mkof, ov^ 7»., the throat, neck. 

r^et^vf^ liUj i;, rough, harsh. 

Tftis, r^i^Sy r^ietj three. 

T^i^Mj Tfj-v/^a;, rir^o^x, rir^ufifAetiy 
I turn. 1 a. A. ir^t^et. 2 a. 
Af. ir^dtrofitn*' 

r^ifUj ^^{ypof, rir^a^pet, riS^AftfjLOn^ 
I nourish, maintain. 

r^%X,a>y ^^i^tft-a-i and ^^ecfiov/Aeii, 
ti^^ecfifixec^ -fAxiy I run. 2 a, A. 

t^£a;, I tremble; shrink from. 1 
a. A, tT^iffec. 

r^iKKovree,^ adj, indecl. (r^tTg) thirty. 

r^iKKOtrm «/, «, (t^'^V) three hun- 

r^in^nsy m, /, a galley with three 
banks of oars, a trireme. 

r^lros, fif tfv, ('T^i'is) third, ro r^i- 
rov^ for the third time. 

r^ocrhf 9ii, /., {r^i'Tu) flight, 

T^o^osy ov, m., (rpi^u) a turn, way, 
manner, (xara) rov^t rev r^otrov^ 
in the following way. sr^af rovs 
T^oirovs «'x««'»v, looking to the 
habits, disposition. i» rov roiev- 
Tov T^'oTov^ with such a temper. 

T^a^^, «;, /., (r(i(pe») food, mainte- 

ruyx^*"i Tit/^«^a/, vinv^a and 
riTvx^i^^i I ^i'> obtain, meet 
wth ; happen. 2 a. A. trS^ov. 
trv^i* iffrnKus^ happened to be 
standing ; — construed with the 
part, instead of the inf of ano- 
ther verb. 

Tvpiouovy tfy, n., Tyriaeum, a town 
in Phrygia. 

Tv^osy tfy, »w., cheese. 

ruxi, nty /., {^vvyx»vu) fortune, 

<r», for T/w, dat, s. of rtg. 


t/$A>f, ii'i&raft 91., water. 

«>.»», vSi fi a wood, wood, under- 

VfAtrt^off «, tfv, (vfAiiSi P^- of 9V) 
your, yours. 

\iva.yiy -d^Vi -«A;«» "yf*»h (^^^i 
ayv) I lead on, induce. Tuura 
v^-vytTo, threw out these things 
so as to lead him on. 

S^x^X^fy auy W., [My »(X^) * li®"!" 
tenant-general, viceroy. 

v^ei^X'"i 1^1 (^«'«i ^^X*') I begin ; 

am ; favour. virS^;^f, favoured. 

r«/ai/r«» ««'«^;^a»T«i', when SUCh 

inducements exist 
v{rsXai;yA>, -iX&ffet^ Attic tkeH, -iXn- 

kaxeiy 'fjueny {^V9r»^ %Xetuvu) I ride 

up to. \ a, A. u9fty.affa. 
yxj^, prep, governing the gen, and 

acc.^ above, beyond, on account 

of, in behalf of. 
v^t^^oXfi, uSi /., (y**!^, fidkXat) a 

pa.ssing over, passage over. 
yiriV;^irtf, 2 a, M, of v^io'X**^- 

vTfiyira^ imp. M. of v^&yv. 
vT^xoasj 0f, ov, (vvrif ixtvot) sub- 

I serve. 
vTYt^iTfiSy •V, m., (vflTtf, l^sriff, a 
rower) a servant, helper ; an 

fAdiy (tnr«, ^x^) ^ promise. 2. a, 
M, v^iirx^fit^iv, 
virij prep, governing the gen. dat. 
and ace. ; with the gen, of, from, 
by ; dat, close under ; ace, un- 
der, at the foot of. 

if^oliifTt^aSf «, tf», {comp, of u^O' 

^f)}f , deficient) inferior in rank. 
v^ei^iXOfiMiy -"ii^ofteuy -^{^ty/AtUj 

(y?rfl, UxofiMt) I receive, wel- 

vTo^vydtVj oVt «., (wwi, ^it/yvi//Ki) 
a beast of burden. 

v9roXetfi(i&¥u, -kn^ofAaty -i/Xn^a, 
'lAfACUy (vsr*! X«^/Jay4») I take 




under my protection; take up 
the discourse. 2 a. A, ii^iXi- 

vcroXii^Uj -Xti'^cuy 2 p. 'XikoiTct, 
'>.iXu(Aftat^ {uv-i, Xtixat) I leave 
behind. 1 a. P. vrtXiip^nv. 

sofb) I become gradually timid. 

itAf) & uiEjn tonal f mention. 

'Tifi.fAetij {v9rcf *ifA9ret) I send as 
a spy, suborn, I a, A. u^rtvi/A- 

vTdTTiutiy 0-a>, {v(po^att) I am Sus- 
picions, suspect, imp. u^mt- 


(iiTe^ ff'T^'Kpai) I turn away; e- 
lude. 1 a. A, inrtfr/fspa, virov- 
vMttg, having artfully eluded 
his appeaL 
vir9e-x^f***»(i 2 a. part. M. of v^rtff- 

vrox^i't tff, tfv, (y^ro, tx'^) subject. 

X^^^f^) i retifCt relTPatt give 
way. \. a. A. uti^^a^^hs-k. 
w^rtf^/'i«, «;,/.» (i^flf**') SU^spiciOD* 

vffrt^etia, (hfii^tf,)^ on the follow- 
ing day. us /»«» t^» y*'Tig«/«> 

vrrt^iv, fifaftat^ {u^n^os) I am 
later. \ a. A. uffr%^nf», ufri- 
pnffi rris f*eixKSi came after the 

i/VTi^«v, acfr., (iJtf'Ttfdf) after; after- 

vrt^os, a, «yt (i/iTtf) later. 

w^', Jbr if^ri. 

view with suspicion, suspect. 
v4'*i>^osj fl, «», (i»V*f) high, lofty. 
vyPesy itff, n., (^»^/'/, high) height. 

^«iJ^«y, a, «y, (^a/w) bright, beam- 
ing. ^a/${0y, beaming with ani- 

^«/»), ;)re«. opf. o/ ^«/»). 

show. if. anc? P. I appear, am 
manifest, am evident. 2 a, P. 

peiXayl, ayyos, /., a phalanx, 
army, line. 

*«xrvflf, ou, m., PhalifiPB, 

^Aii^ep', *, ej» fip«^'j») evident, open, 
uianiftfat. e* y* nr<y ^j^v^^sp, open- 
ly at least, ^aevijof y/ytf»af,have 
you been openly. 

ciirry^ britjf^. j^ja^.*^^?, ^«^i*ft 
^iY«'*t t" te deeply diijircasedj 

t^ifflVf iialf as much more as 
they feceivod previously, ifi^t 
tta-t ^yi TsoVfltif, eontinuc<l to 
sweep their country of all its 

^tvyv^ ^tvliofiaif and ^fv%ovfMtij «•«- 
(pivyety ^iipvyfiatf I flee. 2 CI. 
A. tipiOyaf. rcvg (ptvyoirag, the 

^u/tt), ^^^Af, I say. imp. i^nf. 

KB, I *im befbrc^liand with, anti- 
cipate. 1 a. A, i^Siva. 

^fiyyofjMty (pSiyidfAat^ t^ityf/Lai, I 
shout. 1 a. M. i^ftylafAtiv. 

^ftv/«, nTAt, (^^iV6s, envy) 1 envy, 
am jealous. 

ftXMtTt^Hf *T "I {comp. of ^ix»f) 
morti frictidiy. 

PiXiar^ ««•*», 9t^iXn*», (^tXos) I 

(pixix, at J., ((pix«s) friendship. 
^iXixett, adv. J (<pikog) in a friendly 

^iXios^ a, •v, and »f, «», (p!X9f) 

friendly, r^if (piXtuv (X'^i'^*)i 

to a friendly itmndy, 
^/X<T<r«, OS, 9v, (^iXiu, "i^^os) fond 

of liorses. sup. ^iTu^Toraros. 
pX»4nMs^osy»^^ ((piXtVy 4fi^M){ond 

of hunting, sup. ^Xoh^irA- . 


love gain, am greedy of gain. 
^tX$Mifhy9»f)^ •«, o¥y C^^iXiwy Miv^uvti) 




fond of danger, venturous, sup. 

fond of learning, mp, ^ikafia- 

{ptXo^oXtfiofy OS, Of, (^iXi4», iTtfXi- 

fitts) fond of war. 
(p/xof, ov, m., a friend. 
^iXtff , n, a», dear, friendly, comp. 

^iXeirt^ofy ^tkri^oSj ^iketiTi^agy 

and ^t\Tot> ; sup. ^iXeiraros. pix- 

T&rofj (ptXeiiTXTos, and <piXiffros, 

(piXoffc^oti ^"y ^'1 C^'XiO', fo^eg) a 


(fiXTtfciofMUf li^Ofieetj 9't<piXoTift,ri- 
ftecif (^iXitUf rifih) I love hononr, 
am jealous. 1 a. P. ipXerifiti- 
6r,i. ^iXerifAfi^ivrtf, influenced 
by jealousy. 

(piXo(pfio9ioft»iy ytffofiMi, (^(piXietj ^^0- 
viat) I treat kindly, shew a friend- 
ly feeling. 

(pXvaoieif as, /*., {(pxuot, I babble) 
silly talk, foolery. 

^ofit^os, »f 0v, (^e^os) causing fear, 
alarming, comp. ^o^t^tirt^os, 
sup. (pofit^eiruros. 

^efiitf nvi, iti^ifinficat, (^efios) I 
terrify. M. I fear, am afraid. 

fofios, ov, m., (^sfiofiLatj I fear) fear. 
^ojSa; 9roXhs (^y) xai aXXtts, 
there was great fear both to 

^trnxft, 9IS, /., (^»/w|) Phoenicia. 

(poivixde-Tfie, flf , w., (^oivi^) a wearer 
of purple, nobleman, courtier. 

^oivlxous, «, oSv, controjcljed for ^01- 

yixios, etj av, (^^'W^) purple. 

*oivtl, Txos, m., a Phoenician. 
(poifd^, txos, m., a palm, palm-tree. 
^offia/, nv-Mf trt^o^nxei, 'f^'^'i (^^^^) 

I bear ; wear. 
(p^et^v, (p^&ffat, 9r%(p^&xa, -ofAou^ I 

tell, intimate. 1 a. A. t^- 

the mind) I think, understand. 
(p^ivtfAOs, as, ov, {(p^anot) prudent. 
(p^avrit^at, tfat, Attic tu and tfw/Aitt, 

^t(ppevrixec^ ((p^fiv, the mind) I 

think ; devise ; am anxious. 

i^^hri^cv, began to be anxious. 

a conunander of a garrison. 
(p^av^iv, nvai, (jp^av^as% a guard) I 

(p^av^iaVf au, 91., (jP^w^atj a guard) 

a garrison. 
^^uyia, as,f., Phrygia. 
*^i»|, ^^vyas, TO., a Phrygian. 
^uyks, aHiaf, C, {^ivym) a fugitiTe, 

^vyh, f^sif-, {p^yf) flight. 
^vXetxh, fis, f; {<pvX»0g'at) a g^uard, 

<pvXa%, ixas, C, {(poXa^fat) a guard. 
(puXaa-^M, and ^vX»TTU, ^*», m^u- 

X«;^flE, 'yf-ott, I guard. M. I 

guard against, am on my guard. 

^vXaxets ^vXa^M, to keep guard 

*vffxas, av, m., the Physcus, a river 

in Assyria. 
^vu, (pDa'M, ^i^Oxa, I produce. 
^tax&U, ^^0f,y*., a Phocsean woman, 

a native of Phocaea, a town in 


X»Xtirmtfv, &Miy (;^«Xi«'«f) I am 

angiTl; am indignant. 
)^itXt9ras, n, «y, dtem, severe, dan- 
gerous, comp. ;^aA.ia'«iTi^«f. 

sup. ;^aXt9r^r&Tas. Ix tcv ;^«Ae- 

iras tUfeu, from his being stem. 

ra ^aXiitap, his stemness of 

XotXiTus, adv. (;^«Xi«'##) hardly, 

^etXxtas, a, 0f, and OS, 0fj con- 

tj'dcted ^aXxavs, n> «vv, (;^«Xx«f) 

^aXxas, au, m., copper, brass. 
iLaXas, »u, m., the Chalus, a river 

in Syria. 
X»ii^»fMU^ tavfimiy xtx»(*^f'^'t* (jC*' 

fiis) 1 gratify, oblige. 

joice,) a favour ; gratitude. 
(jlvtxa) rns ;t«^^''»'*f» on account 
of the gratitude, ace. x'^V** 
Xa^fiuviti, »is, J"; Charmande, a 
town in Mesopotamia. 




^tifcwfj Syof, ru; "winter weather, 

Z^ki X^'i^f*fn *^® hand. 

'X.ti^ia'e^cSf av, Tn,j Chirisophus. 

'Ki^aovtiiToSi and ;^;i^«'flv»»»'flj, «v, /., 
the Chersonese, m JTirace. 

X^^i X^^^fi ^"t * goose. 

X*^*^h '^h ^1 ^ thousand. 

X*^»fi «»> wj., forage, fodder. 

Xtfoavy eivosy m., a tunic, coat. 

XoTv'li ^ftos, f.y a choenix ; a Greek 

;^flf Ttf/, tfi;, w., hay, fodder. 

Xioi-oiAon^ X^iitro/iett, »ixilf^*'i } 
use, employ, make use of. xi*^ 
fjLivos avrSf while using his ser- 
vices ; contracts with n, instead 
of «-. ^ 

XV^t Xi^'^^t I'wper*., it is neces* 
sary, it behoves, inf, x^timt. 

x^H^> ;t€.?*"«i (A;e"«» »«ed) i 

need ; wish, desire. 
X^l^'^'i »'rosi «M {x^»«f*»') a thing 

used ; pi, goods, money. 
X^^arfAosi «, tfv, and 05 ^ •», ixt^'^ 

ficci) useful. 
;^^flvflf , ovj w., time. 
XZ^^iofj ttj 09j contracted x^uffwty 

^» ««'•'> U:5»'«'»J» gold) golden. 

;^fy«"/flv, ««/, »., (xS'^^^fi gold) a 

piece of gold, money. 

X^vffox»>-i*oSi »Sy 0*1 (ASf *'*f» gold, 
Xec>^tvost a bridle) with a gold- 
studded bridle. 

Xt^i^i* »(j /*i a place, post ; coun- 

;^a>^ia>, ««•«, and fi^ofMttf xtx^^inztt, 
(;^;<wg«) I go, advance. »;t<i^i/, 

Xe^^'ov, ovy n., {x^i^) * P^*^e, a 
stronghold. x^Z^^^ *XH^h * 

;^;4i>f)?, offo., (x'^i*) apart from; 
freqtiently used as a prqp, with 
the gen. 

"ird^os,^ avy m,y the Psarus, a ri- 
ver in Cilicia, 
•i'iktev, ov, n, a bracelet. 

yptuiiifj hst if, (^lu^tf) false. 
^j^•t^«f, lof , »., (r/'iiJ^*) a flEdsehood. 
rjl'it^Af, ^ptufof, i^l/iva-fteti, I deceive. 

J/. I speak fklsely, prove false. 

1 a, P. i^ptv^hv, i>^iwr^>i (««- 

T«) TtfWTtf, he was deceived in 

'>^fi<pi^a(Aeti, iffa/Aaiy and ievfMci, l^pn- 

pfffMu, (^^?^flf , a pebble) I tote, 
'4'iX6Sy ff, tfy, bare ; without a hel- 

I Strip bare, clear. 

■*■« inter),, O, oh ! 
eSltf adv,y (d^t) thus, in the follow- 
ing manner. 
«iT0, imp, of oltfAtti, 
tyxtire, vmp, P, of otxiv, 
eyxo^tfAtlfiLUcv, p, part, p. of dixoio' 

ifKTtifidVj imp. of OIXTti^iif, 

itfAoXoyfiro, pJup, P, of ofMX.»yiu, 
ufAat, n, 0y, cruel, unfeeling. 
«r^««'a, 1 a. of Sfibvvfii, 
vviofiasj n^ofiMi, itatn/MUj (<^''^i 

price) I buy, purchase. 
eiuof, «, ov, {mvos, price) for sale. 

ret eifia, market-wares. 
^Ci^tf, iof,f, Opis, a town in Assy- 
»^Xtrf*if9fy p, part, P. of i^ki^M. 
M^», »s, /., an hour, time ; pi, the 

at^eiitf, «, avj (&>(«) blooming, in 

ioeticf aIv, being still in the bloom 

0? youth. 
ai^fAYivro, plup. P. of o^ftdu, 
i^fjkuvroj imp, M, of o^fAoii, 
iwf, adv, and conj,^ as, thus, that, 

how, when. 
vf, prq).^ Attic for uf or ir^ig, to ; 

governs the ace. of a person only. 
&ff(ty for &^rt, 
Sevrt^, adv,, {us) as, as if. 
«?*•«, adv., and conj.^ so, so that, 

so as. 




tiruXtii fifj f.j {tvreitf I wound) 
a scar. 

aJrif, fiosj /., (tfyf, the ear) a bas- 

*l^iXi, 2 a. of «^t/x*r. 

«J^iXi«», iftf-Af, ti^ikti»», -/tM5/, I as- 
sist, am of service to. 

tipsXJffit^f, 0g, •!», aomeiimes n, -•», 
(«;^iXi«») aiding, useful, adyan- 

Printed by Oliver & Boyd, 
Tweeddale Court, High Street, Edinburgh. 

I$ooit0 iUtimeK in ^titt. 


ELEMENTS of ASTRONOMY; adapted foi 
Priyate Instruction and. Use in Schools. With 56 Engravings on Wood 
By Hugo Reid, Lecturer on Natural Philosophy. 12mo, bound. 
Publiflhed at 38. ttd.: Reduced to 2b. 6d. 

' This is by &r the best manual of Astronomy with which we are acquainted. . . The 

lalj • ' " * 

i willingly 

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in un able and lucid manner."— CTkurcA ofEnfflatul Quarterly Review. 
' * We willingly recommend Mr Reid's volume as one of the best of the kind we have met 




XpLEMENTS of ALGEBRA, Theoretical and 

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the Fuiidtimcutal Rules, Fractions, Involution and Evolution, Surds, Eijua- 
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Properties of Numbers, Continued Fractions and their Uses, the Indeterminate 
or Diopliantine Analysis, Probabilities, Life Annuities, &c. With Numerous 
Exercises under each Head, and a large Collection of Misccllaneuus Questions. 
IJy Alex. Ingram, Author of** A Concise System of Mathematics," ** Elements 
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Academy, Author of ** A Manual of Logarithms," **Key to Ingram's Mathe- 
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Published at 4b.: Reduced to 3b. 

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he niny have to solve. When he Iios gone through this book he will be master of the 
science."— flrj'/anrn'o. 

" This book appears to be a careful and Judicious expansion by Mr Trotter of the section 
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l)(> found a useful book; for the definitiims are clearly laid down, and the principled u<ion 
whicli the rules are based presented to the student, and the exercises are various and 
ample. "—.S;>«<7<i<or. 

"A work well adapted to the student's branch of knowledge it is intended to impart."— iltfM. 



JLV. ^MATHEMATICS ; for the Use of Students, Engineers, Navi/^ators, 
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' ' This work contains a great number of tables used in the mathematics, natural pliilO" 
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1 ELECTA e POETIS I^TINIS ordine temporum 

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