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SENO^SINTOS 
ANABASIS KTPOr. 



XENOPHON'S 
EXPEDITION OF CYRUS, 

WITH 

— - 

ENGLISH NOTES, 

PREPARED 

FOR TH£\crS£ W^^Cll^OLd Uim COLLEGES* 

:.•: ::..^th:: 

A UKE"^OT:TliB;AV.*'HOR, 

I I I*M\ • •• •'• • 
••• •••••• •••• 

BT 

CHARLES DEXTER CLEVELAND, 

PBonsfOR or thb latiit lai<ouaoe''and litkoiturs iif Tm 
vniTBMiTr or thb citt or nbw tobk. 



BOSTON: 

BENJAMIN B. MUSSEY. 

1844. 



DISTKICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit t 

DiirmicT Clbbx'* Orrtei. 
BE it rraMmberwl, that tm tb« MTentMath d«T of Atiril, A. D. 1830, Mid in th« 
fifty-fourth year of the Indepradeoe* of the Jiittnil Staten of America, Hiiliard, 
Gray, Little, Ac Wilkini, of the »aid district, have deponited in thia office the 
title of a book, the rifht whereof they claim ae proprietors in the words Jbllowixif , 
to wtt.- — 

*■ StMfSvTH 'AvdCm^tt K»^. — Xenophon's Expedttioa of Cyras, with 
English N(^ea, pn pared for the l.'se of Schools and Colleges, with a L4fo of th« 
Author, by Charles Dexter Clereland, l*rofessor of Languafes in Dickinson Col- 
in conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, ** An 
act for the enooarafoment of hiaming, by securing the c«*pies of maps, charts, 
and books, to the authors and propiietors of such copies during the times thereia 
mentioned : " and also to an act, entitled* ** An aet supplementary to an art, enti« 
tied, * An act for the oncoorafement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, 
charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the tiroes 
therein mentioned ;* and extending the benefits thereof to the arts or designinf, 
•afntving, and •tebiag historieal and other priou." 

JNO. W. DAVIS, 



/:• : ... : vv ..::••: 





THE LIFE OF XENOPHON. 



Xenophon the son of Gryllus, an Athenian, was born about 
fouf bundled and fifty years before the Christian era. The pre- 
cise period of his birth, however, cannpt be satisfactorily ascer- 
tained. In early life, while walking through the streets of Athens, 
he was met b]^. ^(^erates; tUe ^MlefiQph'o*! who stopped him, and 
asked, where th^jH^st p/o^ioij^ CGa>lct Uetft»ind. Upon Xeno- 
phon's telling him isQg:^dia^]g, S«crates again asked, where the 
best and wisest meij'cjul^bi tfouh^. , At this Xenophon hesi- 
tated, when the j)hilosQi)her j^aid-Jtq Jum, Enov xoivvv, %al 
fioi I'&txvf, * " The A ^ folJoV; ^^ -aj^'Je^m." This simple mci- 
dent seemed to give a direction to his thoughts, to his studies, 
and to his whole future life. Thenceforth he became a most 
devoted and faithful disciple of Socrates. He was the first who 
committed to writing the sayings and principles of his great 
master, and his account of him, styled " The Memorabilia," is 
among the most pleasing, instructive, and valuable writings 
which have been left us by antiquity. 

During the Peloponnesian war Xenophon, when about twen- 
ty-six years of age, entered into the service of his' country, and 
was at the battle before Delium, between the Athenians and 
Boeotians. The Athenians having been defeated, Xenophon, in 
the retreat, was unhorsed and thrown down; but Socratesj 
whose horse had been killed under him, and who was fighting 

* Diogenes Laertius. 



VW LIFE OF XENOPHON. 

on foot, came immediately to his aasiBtance, and helped him 
from the field.* So inauspicious was the commencement of » 
military career, which, in after time, covered him with imperish- 
able laurels. 

The cause of Xenophon's enlisting in the service of the 
younger Cyrus was as follows. He had a particular friend, by 
the name of Proxenus, who was at the court of Cyrus, when he 
was meditating the expedition against his brother. Being de- 
sirous of gaining as many auxiliary troops as possible, 'Cyrus 
requested Proxenus to exert his influence to this effect Plrox- 
enus, therefore, wrote to Xenophon, with whom he had formerly 
been on the most intimate terms of hospitality, and requested 
him to come into Asia, and connect himself with the fortunes of 
Cyrus, assuring him that he would gain thereby the favor of a 
most powerful friend^ liO'dLi\,*fe,ift>i^n '/at gie«|9r*3than he could 
expect ever to acqa2ri M Atiifei^. ^ei|Dp^{ji{;bpon the receipt 
of tUs letter, showed it tQ,&)^ratea|4|nd gLgked hu advice. The 

■■■ ;„;' . 4sn«* t 

* Although this incident S8;r^tc^;Vj{^io^nefl Laertius and 
Strabo, yet Mitchell, in tlSe «^ f •^i&iih(i^«£tt«v4ar6e " to his Aris- 
tophanes, does not hesitate to say, that it could not have occurred. 
But it is not a little remarkable that he grounds his denial of it on 
what is now generally rejected as a spurious reading. His wordtf 
are, ** This expedition is settled by chronologists as taking place 
just twenty-one years after the battle of Delium, and Xenophon 
calls himself at the time a young man {vtavlaxog)^ The passage 
referred to, is in Book ii. Chap. 1, the speech to Phalinos. 
Weiske, Schneider, Bornemann, and Dindorf, however, 'read 
Otonofinoe instead of AfVoq>mv, on the authority of the best manu- 
scripts. Schneider reiSarks on vtaviaxB, a few lines below, *' Ex 
hoc statis indicio, comparato cum loco altero infra (Book iii. 
Chap. 1), annos statis Xenophontis colligere conatus est Zeune, 
cujus tamen rationes non bene procedunt. Nunc vero Xenophonti 
Theopompus suceessitj et tota ilia argwnentatio eoncidit." We shall 
therefore continue to believe the early Greek historians, in their 
accounts of this incident in our author's life. 



LIFE OF XENOPHON. T 

philosopher advised him to go to Delphi,* and consult the onr 
cle. Accordingly Xenophon repaired thither,' but did not inquire 
of Apollo whether it would be expedient for him to undertake 
the journey, but, to which of the deities he should offer sacrifi- 
ces for his future success. Socrates, therefore, blamed him, on 
his return, because he had asked the direction of Apollo, not 
upon his going into Asia, but upon his duty before going, as if 
he had previously decided upon the step. However, he directed 
him to fdlow the injunctions of the oracle. Having dacrificed 
accordingly, Xenophon set sail for Asia, and arrived at Sardis, 
where he found Proxenus and Cyrus ready »for the expedition. 
He entered the service of the latter not as an officer, but as a 
private soldier, and so conducted himself as to gain immediate- 
ly the esteem and confidence of Cjrrus, which, ever after, he 
continued to preserve. 

The events connected with the two succeeding years of our 
autlior's life, which are minutely detailed in the Anabasis, are 
eminently interesting. In those two years he reaped the 
proudest honors, — honors which the most victorious general f 
the world has seen, well might envy. To have entered the ter- 
ritory of a powerful foreign monarch ; to have subdued him battle 
after battle ; to have pushed a conquering career to the' farthest 
confines of his empire, were indeed splendid achievements for a 
youthful king. But the army of Alexander was comparatively 
a numerous one. The country through which he marched pre- 
sented few obstacles. He conquered as he went. He left no 
enemy in his rear. But he lived not to see again his native 
land. Subduing all but himself, he died at last, a prey to his 
own evil passions, ingloriously at Babylon. 

But to have acccmpanied a young and ambitious prince in an 
expedition to dethrone the King of Persia ; to hlive had that 
prince defeated and slain ; to have been treacherously deserted 
by those allies who had implored the aid of Greece ; to have 

* B. til. c. 1. t Alexander the Great 



VI LirK OF XEJTOPHOJr. 

found himself thus situated, in the heart of an enemy's country, 
near the very gates of Babyloi^, at the head of a very small 
band, with nothing left them but their courage and their arms ; 
to have conducted this small band, with enemies hovering on 
every side, through the midst of tribes barbarous and powerful, 
through regions trackless and unexplored, across rivers deep 
and rapid, over mountains covered with perpetual snow ; to have* 
led such a band, through such difficulties, safe to their native 
shores; and then to have retired, a philosopher, to instruct 
mankind by his writings, and to have rivalled even his sword * 
with his pen, — such are the merits and such is the fame of 
Xenophon. 

As Cyrus had assisted the Lacedemonians against the 
Athenians, in the Peloponnesian war, Xenophon, during his 
absence, was banished by his countrymen, for having joined 
the forces of that prince against his brother. But it may be 
doubted whether the lustre of any character could be tarnished 
by the censure of that people, who, on one day, condemned the 
virtuous and gifted Socrates to drink the hemlock, and, on the 
next, raised a splendid monument to his memory. 

After he had thus successfully conducted the celebrated Re- 
treat of the Ten Thousand, Xenophon connected himself with 
Agesilaus, who had been sent by the Lacedeemonians into Asia 
to carry on the war against the Persian king. But Agesilaus 
did not long remain in Asia. He was soon recalled by his 
countrymen, to assist them in repelling the attacks of the The- 
bans and their allies. Xenophon accompanied him, and was 
present at the battle of Coronea, in which the Thebans were 
defeated. As a reward for his distinguished services the Lace- 
daemonians presented Xenophon with an estate delightfully 
situated at Scillus,* near Olympia, whither he retired with his 

• " It is difficult to imagine a more rational or more delightful 
life, than a few words of Diogenes Laertius describe Xenophon 
as leading in that " loop-hole of retreat." Tovtttv&Bv diSTslei 
xwriysjav, xal johg (pUovg kaxiav, xal tug htoglag avyygd-' 



LIFE OF XEZrOFHOR. V2I 

^fe and two sons. Before Xenophon left Asia * ixe deposited 
some money in the hands of Megabysu^, the keeper of the 
temple of Diana, with directions, if he should fall in battle, to 
dedicate it to the goddess,, but restore it to ham if ke should 
survive. Megabysus, therefore, coming to Olympia to see the 
games, called upon Xenophon and returned him the money. 
With this he built an elegant temple to Diana, near Scillus. 
From this retirement, however, Xenophon was soon driven by 
the Eleans, who made war upon the Lacedsenionians. He then 
went, with his family, to Corinth, wliere he passed the rest of 
his life. 

While he was at Corinth, the Thebans united with their allies 
to subdue the Lacedtemonian^ , The Athenians determined to 
assist the latter, and Xenophon sent his two sons, Diodorus and 
Gryllus, to the aid of his countryme^ At the great battle of 
Mantinea (A. C. 363), both these sons were present The^ for- 
mer did not distinguish himself, but safely survived the conflict. 
But Gryllus, eager for military fame, rushed into the hottest of 
the battle, killed Epaminondas, the THeban general, with his 
own hand, and was instantly tut to pieces by the surrounding 
enemy. When the 'news of his 'son's death reached him, 
Xenophon was devotedly engaged in sacrificing. He immedi- 
ately laid aside the garland with which he was crowned, and 
inquired into the particulars of his son's death. When he was 
told that he had fallen bravely, in the midst of the enemy, 
having killed Epaminondas with his OT^n hand, he resumed the 
garland and continued the sacrifice, saying briefly, ^'pduif 
^vtjTov yf/twfixmg, ^ i knew that i had beoot a mortal." i 
But his own end was near at hand. In three years firom this 
battle, in the first year of the 105th Olympiad (A. C. 360), he 

qmy. Books, study, composition, the healthy sports of the field, 
and {he enjoyments of social recreation ; — nothing seems wantingr 
to the picture, which our imaginations are accustomed to draw of 
an accomplished heathen philosopher." Mitchell. 
•.B.y.o.3. 



ViU XJTZ OF XSNOPHOX 

departed this life at Corinth, in the full poesession of his mental 
powers. 

Thus died Xenophon, in the ninety-first year of ins age. As 
a philosopher, as an historian, as a general, and as a man, he 
united qualities which are rarely found in the same individuaJ. 
His manners and personal appearance are described by Lafirtios 
in one short but comprehensive sentence, aidi^fnay di xai 
iindiaTaiog ilg vns^^SoXi^v, ^ modest in deportment, and beauti- 
ful in person to a remarkable degree.** 

As a philosopher he was strictly of the Socratic sect. 
Strongly attached to his illustrious master, to him also he be- 
came particularly endeared. Endeavouring to follow in practice 
the precepts which he had learned from his lips, he disdained to 
waste his time upon mere verbal quibbles antd useless disputes, 
striving only to be practical; to do good to his fellow men; to 
instil into them the purest principles of morality ; to inculcate 
a most profound reverence for the gods ; in short, to make him- 
self the worthy disciple of him who was said to have ^ brought 
down philosophy from heaven to earth.'* 

As a writer he has universally been held up as a model for 
purity, elegance, and ease. By some of his contemporaries, he 
was styled *< The Attic Muse," by others, « The Athenian Bee.** 
He has the happy faculty of varying his style according to the 
subjects he may be discussing ; so that in philosophy, history, 
politics, and personal narrative, he appears equally at home. If 
in either of these departments he excels, it is in historical 
narration. Had he written nothing else, the " Anabasis-" alone 
would have fixed him, as one of the most brilliant stars in that 
lustrous constellation which blazed upon Greece in her earlier 
days, and whose beams, undiminished in lustre, have^ steadily 
ilkunined all after time. * 

But if the " Anabasis" of Xenophon has done so much to 
distinguish him as a writer, it has done' no less to exalt him a» a 



LIFE OF XENOPHOir. UC 

general. His knowledge of human nature, and of those latent 
springs by the touch of which the human heart is moved, is atei 
remarkable, as the moral influence which he exerts over his 
soldiers is unbounded* They lov« him for his virtues, and 
obey him for his superior wisdom and courage. His presence 
of mind seems never to forsake him. He never appears at a loss 
either what to say or do. Is the rear of the army annoyed by 
the cavalry of the enemy, against which the heavy-armed men 
cannot act ? Immediately his genius suggests a plan, and his en- 
ergy executes it, by which the horse pf the enemy are kept at 
a distance, and the army secured.* Are the soldiers, after the 
battle, deploring tfieir situation, in the midst of a desert and 
hostile land ? f Xenophon acldresses them in a most animated 
and spirit-stirring harangue, and, by contrasting their own supe- 
rior discipline with the unmanageable multitude of the king, by 
reminding them of the deeds of their ancestors, of the immortal 
honors they gained upon the plains of Marathon, and by every 
allusion which would be of thrilling power to a Grecikn breast, 
prepares them to resist the foe, and to overcome every obstacle 
which may oppose their retreat. Are many of the army, when 
dragging their way over the rugged mountains and amid the 
deep snows of Armenia, disposed to give up in despair ?( 
Xenophon revives their drooping spirits, by bringing to their 
minds the fertile^ shores and the delicious climate of Greece, 
and their beloved wives and children and kindred awaiting their 
return. Do the soldiers, exasperated by pledges repeatedly 
violated, rush into the midst of a Grecian city, and commence a 
universal plunder ? Instantly Xenophon appears* among them, 
calls them to arms, demonstrates to them their rashness and 
folly, calms their minds, and conducts them out paqjlfied, and 
perfectly submissive to his will ; thus displaying the greatest of 
all oratorical power, that of calming the stormy passions of an 
infuriated soldiery. § 

Finally, it is as a man that Xenophon excites our fondest 
admiration, our warmest esteem. By 'his unaffected modesty 

* B. iii. c. 3. t B. iii. c. 2. t B. iv. c. 5. § B. vii. o. 1. 



z X.IFX OP zKNOnroir. 

uid arbamty he gains the one ; by his firm principles, moral 
and religious^ he commands the other. His intimacy with Soc« 
rates, the testimony of his contemporaries, and the sentiments 
which pervade the whole of his writings, attest Ifis great moral 
worth. That he was temperate, appears evident from his 
often-repeated maxim, <^ It is pleasant, when hungry, to eat 
herbs ; when thirsty, to drink water." That he was •benevo- 
lent, may be seen from his distributing among his soldiers many 
valuable presents which were made to himself. That he was 
a faithful friend, we have abundant evidence in the character 
and permanency of all his friendships, but particularly in iia 
eulogium of Agesilaus, and his defence of his master, Socrates. 
That he was honest, is clear from his publishing the writings pf 
Thucydides as he did, when he might easily, and without the 
least suspicion, have given them to the world as his •own. 

But were we desired to name the most prominent trait in his 
character, we should say it was his reverence for the gods of his 
country. He does nothing, he attempts nothing) without first 
appealuig to them. Is he desirous of going into Asia to join 
the forces of Cyrus ? He first repairs to the oracle of Apollo, to 
leam the mind and purposes of the deity.* Do the soldiers, 
nearly destitute of provisions,! importune him to lead them out 
to obtain supplies ? He steadily and constantlj^ refuses, so long 
as the victims appear unfavorable. Does the army unanimously 
elect him their sole general ? X Grateful for the honor, and 
ambitious to signalize, still more, both himself and his country ; 
yet feeling the weight of responsibility that would be conse- 
quent upon his accepting so high a trust, he ofiers up soleiAn 
sacnfices to Jupiter, to ascertain his duty, and immediately 
declines the proffered honor, when the omens do not seem 
clearly to signify the expediency of his assuming it Is he 
about to enter into a solemn treaty of peace with the enemy^ 
In the presence of all, he first calls upon the gods, the gihurdi- 
ans of friendship and the avengers of peijury, to witiless their 

♦ B. iii. c. 1. t B. vi. c. 1. J B. vi. c. 2, 



LIF£ OF XENOPHON. XI 

mutual oaths of fidelity, and imprecates, upon the head of the 
faithless and the treacherous, the vengeance of Hun, " who per- 
vades all space,' who governs all," and from whom *'no swift- 
ness can save, no darkness hide, no strong place defend." * 

But in order to form a correct judgment of one's piety, we 
must try him hy no false standard. Though, we venerate Xen- 
ophon as a philosopher, we must hear in mind thM he was hut^a 
heathen philosopher ; though he deserves our highest praise for 
making tiie hest use of the only light he had, we must not for- 
get that it was hut the glimmering light of Nature, and that 
neither he, nor his still more gifted compeer, tho Master of the 
Academy, had any faint perceptions of the spirit of that pre- 
cept, which is the foundation of Christian ethics and shines on 
every page of Revelation, ^ Do unto others as you would wish 
others to do unto you." 

• B. U. c. 5. 



CONTENTS 



BOOK FIRST. 



CHAPTER I. 

Cyrus the younger, being accused of meditating the destruction 
of his brother Artaxerxes, who had succeeded to the throne, is 
nearly subjected to the punishment of treason ; but, through the 
entreaties of his mother, he is sent back to the government of 
his own province, of which he was satrap. Here he secretly pre- 
pares to make war against his sovereign, and assembles an army, 
partly composed of Greek troops which his friends collect for 
him, as though a very different expedition were intended. 

CHAPTER n. 

Cyrus sets out from Sardis. and marches through various countries, 
Lydia, Phiygia, Cappadocia, &c. Tissaphernes, in the mean 
time, hastens to the king, to inform him of Cyrus* movements. 
Epyaxa, the wife of the king of Cilicia, visits Cyrus. At her 
request the army is reviewed. The evolutions of the Greek in- 
fantry strike great terror into the queen, and into all the barba- 
rians present at the review. Having reached Tarsus, Cyrus 
summons to his presence Syennesis, the Cilician king. At first 
he declines going ; but, at length, yielding to the entreaties of 
his wife, he trusts himself within the power of Cyrus, and 
assists him with sums of money. 

B 



shr 



CHAPTER III. 



Cyrus is compelled to remain at Tarsus twenty days, in conseqnsnc* 
of a mutiny among the Greeks, who, suspecting that the ex- 
pedition was against the king, nearly stone Clearchus to death, 
who endeavoured to urge them to proceed. A deputation is 
sent to question Cyrus on the design of the expedition. He 
replies, that he was leading them against a certain Abrocomai, 
and promises them additional pay. The Greeks, therefore^ 
determine to march onward with him. . • • • 9 

CHAPTER IV. 

As soon as the army reach Issus, the last city in Cilida, they are 
joined by the fleet. They then pass the defiles, and proceed 
through Syria. While they are at Myriandrus, two of the 
generals, Xenias and Pasion, secretly leave the army, and saQ 
away with all their effects. But from the mildness of Cyrus, on 
the occasion, the soldiers become more attached to him. As 
soon as they reach Thapsacus, Cyrus op^s to them his design. 
At first the soldiers are indignant at the deception ; but, excited by 
promises, they all cross the Euphrates, Menon displaying his crafty 
character, by gaining to himself without risk the entire credit of 
setting the example. 19 

CHAPTER V. 

After passing the Euphrates Cyrus continues his march, keeping this 
river upon the right.' The journey, however, is impeded, in con- 
sequence of the badness of the roads and the difficulty of ob- 
taining provisions. As soon as the army enters the country 
opposite the city Charmande, the soldiers cross the river upon 
rafts made of skins stufied with hay, and obtain supplies. A 
dangerous quarrel arises among the Greeks, in which the sol- 
diers of the opposite factions come to blows ; but Cyrus, by a 
seasonable address, quells the tumult, and calms their animosity. 16 

CHAPTER VL 

Orontes^ a Perrian nobleman, who^ twice before, had acted treach- 
erously towards Cyrus, and had been received into favor, now for 



COMTCNn. XT 

the third time'endearoura to desert to the king. But his plans are 
discovered, be himself is apprehended, and, being convicted on the 
Judgment of Clearchus and others, is condemned to death and 
executed • • • • 20 

CHAPTER VII. 

Qyrus, after having marched a short distance through Babylonia, 
suspecting that the army of the king was near, draws up his forces 
at midnight, and reviews them, promising the Greeks magnifk^ent 
presents, if victorious. The army then, drawn up in order of 
battle, cross the large trench, which the king had cut through the 
plain. As Artaxerxes does not appear, Cyrus thinks he has given 
up the design of fighting, and therefore marches with little drcunw 
spection, and order. SS 

CHAPTER VIII. 

At length Artaxerxes approaches, unexpectedly, with his array drawn 
up in order of battle. All the troops of Cyrus, therefore, Loth 
Greeks and Persians, are thrown into confusion, and immediately 
hurry to their arms. They soon, however, form the line of battle. 
The Greeks, who form the right wing next to the Euphrates, easily 
rout the Barbarians opposed to them. Cyrus, attended by a few 
faithful friends, fights too eagerly, and, attacking the king in per- 
son, is himself slain. • • 85 



CHAPTER IX 



The Character of Qynis. 



. CHAPTER X. 

The king, in his pursuit of Ariaeus, takes possession of the camp of 
Cyrus, and plunders it Then, having collected together his for- 
ces, he returns to march against the Greeks, who had conquered 
the wing of the enemy opposed to them. But he is a second time 
put to flight by the Greeks, who, having recovered their lost bag« 
gage, return to their own camp. . . • • 



xvi 



BOOK SECOND. 



CHAPTER L 

Hie Greeks receive intdHgence of the death of Cynii, and of th« 
deaign of Arisua to return to Ionia. Qearchut endeiToura to 
dtrert him from this intention, and promises him the empire of 
Persia. Artaxerxes first orders the Greeks to deliver up their 
arms, which they manfully refuse to do« Then he promises peace, 
if they remain where they are, but threatens war if they depart t to 
which the Greeks reply, *' Tell the king that we agree to hia 
sentiment, — peace if we remain, war if we depart.** * 87 

CHAPTER II. 

Hie Greeks repair to Ariaeus, who invited them to join him, having 
refused to be made king. After a solemn league had been made 
between them, and mutual pledges of fidelity had been given, they 
, consult concerning their return. Ariaeus advises a diffisrent roiite 
from the one by which they had come, in order to obtain a better 
supply of provisions. Early in the morning they commence their 
march, and towards evening they draw noar the suburbs of Babylon, 
where they perceive marks of the king*s camp. As his soldiers 
are much fatigued, Clearchus does not lead them against the enemy, 
neither does he appear to decline an engagement. The army, 
during their encampment at night, are somewhat alarmed, but are 
soon quieted by a stratagem of Clearchus. ... 41 

CHAPTER HI. 

The king, alarmed at the unexpected approach of the Greeks, sends 
ambassadors to eflect a treaty of peace. The Greeks reply, with 
great coolness, that it was rather necessary for them to fight, as 
they had nothing on which they could dine. Therefore, at the 
command of the king, in order that they may conclude the treaty, 
they are led into villages abounding in provisions. After three 
days Tissaphemes is sent to ask them why they had taken arms 
against the king. Clearchus replies with freedom and truth. Tissa« 



, uoManim. icvii 

pllernes, when he had reported the answer to the king, aAer thuee 
days makes a treaty with them, on the condition that the Persians 
lead them back faithfully to their own country, and afibrd them pro- 
visions, which the Greeks may buy peaceably, or take without lay- 
ing f^raste the country. ....••• 44 

CHAPTER IV. 

While the Greeks are awaiting the arrival of T^ssaphemes from the 
king, Ansi&us is suspected of treachery. Therefore when Tissa- 
phernes, who is to conduct the journey, arrives with his forces, the 
Greeks, having no confidence in his int^rity, march by them- 
selves, and pitch their camp at a considerable distance from that of 
the Barbarians.* In this manner the march is conducted. Soon 
they pass two canals, and arrive at Sitace, a city upon the banks of 
the Tigris. Then, apprehensive of treachery' on the part of the 
Persians, the Greeks cross the Tigris, and after that the Physcus, 
on the other side of which was the city Opis. Here tliey meet a 
brother of Artaxerxes, advancing with an army to his assistance. 
Clearchus marches his soldiers, so as to dis{day them to the greaU 
est advantage. The Persians are struck with their number and 
appearance. After six days* march they reach some villages be- 
longing to Parysatis, which Tissaphernes permits them to plunder. 
After five days* march they arrive at the river Zabatus. • .48 

CHAPTER V. 
The Greeks remain at the villages of Parysatis three days. Their 
suspicion of treachery on the part of the Persians increases. 
Clearchus, in a conversation with Tissaphernes, tells him that the 
Persians have no cause to fear the Greeks, for they had confirmed 
the treaty with a solemn oath ; and that the fidelity of each would 
benefit the other. Tssaphernes, on the other hand, makes similar 
assurances, saying that it would be folly for the king, possessed of 
such vast resources, to resort to fraud, especially when he needed 
the friendship of the Greeks. By the conversation and manner of 
Tissaphernes, Clearchus is deceived. On the next day Clearchus^ 
with four generals and twenty captains, goes to the camp of Tis- 

* The Greeks called all people but th^nselves, «<* /3i^C«e«<* 



xv8i ooxnmi* 

■aphernet (tgraetUy to fail request) in order to leun who they 
were that bad been raising suspicions in cfaher army, of the other*i 
fidelity. While they are in the camp, on a given signal, the Per- 
r sian cavaliy rush in upon them and arise them. The Gredcs are 
then ordered to ddirer up their arms, but they return a most re* 
proachful answer. 59 

CHAPTER VL 

The characters of the generals who were put to death are dcKiibed. 
CLS^.HCHUS is represented as perfectly skilled in military af- 
fairs ; read> to meet danger % prompt in procuring supplies for 
the soldiers 1 so t^-ki in his miliUry discipline, that the soldiers, 
while they loved him, feared him more than the enemy ; and, final- 
ly, as one born to command rather than obey. PROXRNUS is 
described as one who had been ambitious of fame even from a child. 
Hence, that he might, by honorable means, obtain glory and 
wealth, he entered the service of Cyrus. His disposition was so 
mild, thst he stood more in awe of the soldiers than they of him 1 
whence he was much beloved by the good, while the bad took ad- 
vsntage of his kindness and good nature. On the other hand, 
MENO was one of the most depraved of men. Avaricious, per- 
fidious, fraudulent, he plotted agunst his friends more than his ene- 
mies. Whoever was inferior to him in any species of vice, was 
despised by him as ignorant and stupid, while he never failed to 
slander every good man. He was not put to death with the other 
generals, on account of his having betrayed them ; but afterwards 
he suflered, as he deserved, a most severe death. AG IAS and 
SOCRATES are spoken well of, both as soldiers and friends. . 58 



BOOK THIRD. 



CHAPTER L 

Much confusion and dgecdon preraih in the Grecian army thus d^ 
prived of its leaders. Xenopbon relates, in a few words, the man* 
ner in which he came to serve under Qyrus. He has a remarkable 



CONTSMTS. SiK 

dream, from which he arouses himself early in the morning, and 
assembles the officers .of the army, to consult for the general good. 
When they are assembled he exhorts them to be of good courage, 
and to elect generals in the place of those who have been put to 
death, declaring it as his opinion that, if the king appeared, they 
should give him battle. One ApoUonides, opposing tliis advice, is 
ejected from his place. Xenophon harangues the officers and 
soldiers, in an eloquent and manly speech^ which is approved by all ; 
when immediately new generals are elected. • • • .63 

CHAPTER II. 

The soldiers being called together about day -break, Chirisophus first 
speaks, exhorting them either to conquer bravely or die gloriously. 
Then Cleanor, who dwells chiefly upon the peijury of the king and 
the treachery of Tissaphernes and Ariseus. Lastly, Xenophon, 
clad in rich armour, rises and harangues the troops. First he 
raises the spirits of the men, by telling them, that they would have 
tlie favor and protection of the gods, while the Persians must be 
subject to the divine wrath for their perjury ; that in days long past 
superior courage had overcome the great forces of Darius and 
Xerxes ; that they themselves had just defeated Artaxerxes ; 
that they should now fight vnth as much firmness for safety as they 
had done for empire. Then he removes every obstacle whieh seems 
to oppose them, — their not having Tissaphernes for a guide, — the 
king's not furnishing them prorisions, — the deep rivers they have 
to pass, — by saying that they might easily, if they wi&hed, remain 
and settle in the king's territory. Finally, he points out the 
method of conducting their journey, and of preparing for battle* de- 
claring 4hat eveiy thing must be left, which is not absolutely neces- * 
saiy I that the generals must be more vigilant, the soldiers more 
obedient i and that every thing should be done without delay. 
The sentiments of Xenophon are approved, and generals are chosen 
to superintend the particular parts of the army. . . .70 

CHAPTER III. 

When the Gredcs are about to march, Mithridates approaches with 
thirty horse, and desires a consultation, profeaiiag to be friendly to 



tbem. When the Greeks reply that they were going home, he 
tries to convince them that this is not possible, unless they have the 
permisson of the king. But they determine never again to enter 
into any alliance with him. After they have passed the river Zaba- 
tus, M ithridates returns with two hundred horse, and four hundred 
light-armed soldiers, and attacks the rear of the Greeks, who are 
somewhat molested. As soon, however, as they reach some vil- 
lages, at the instigation of Xenophon, companies of slingen and 
horsemen are equipped, in order to keep off the enemy, . • 77 

CHAPTER IV. 

On the next day, Mithridates, with a larger number of forces, attacks 
the Greeks, but is easily repulsed by their slingers and horsemen, 
though not without the loss of many men. The Greeks then 
reach the Tigris, and pitch their camp at Larissa. On the follow- 
ing day they arrive at TJesplla, but on the next they are attacked 
by Tissaphernes, who is driven back. They remain encamped 
three cays, and during this time change the form of their army. 
They tiien make four days* marches, and on the fifth day begin to 
ascend the hills, but are harassed by the enemy until they reach 
some villages. Having remained here three days, to take care of 
their wounded and procure supplies, on the fourth they take up 
their march, but by an attack of the enemy they are compelled to 
return into the village. After the departure of the enemy, towards 
evening, they leave the village, and gain to much this night, that 
the enemy do not overtake them till the fourth day. The Persians 
then seize upon the hills and narrow passes, but, by the activity and 
bravery of Xenophon, they are driven from their ground. • • 60 

CHAPTER V. 

Towards evening the enemy suddenly return, cut off a few Greeks, 
who were in the plains for provisions, and bum the villages. After 
they have been driven back, the Grecian generals consult up(»n the 
most expedient route ; for on one side was the Tigris, which could 
not be passed without a bridge, and on the other the steep moun- 
tains of the Carduchi. A certain Rhodian proposes a plan for 
crossing the river, which it rgected. On the next day they ro- 



COXRMTI* Zll 

trace their steps a little, and having made eveiy inquiiy, as to the 
nature and situation of the country, of some captives whom they 
took, they determined to march over the mountains. • • • 86 



BOOK FOURTH. 



CHAPTER L 

Early the next day the Greeks enter the territory of the Carduchi- 
ans, and consume the whole day in ascending and descending the 
hills. They are considerably hcrassed by the barbarians. On the 
following day they leave most of their sumpter-horses and sUves, 
that their march may not be impeded, and proceed over the moun- 
tains, but are much molested. A severe storm arises, but in con- 
sequence of a dearth of provisions in the army they march on with 
all possible expedition. The enemy follow them, and attack their 
rear. Towards evening they reach an eminence which is entirely 
besdged by the Barbarians. They then question two captives, 
acquainted with the country, whether there was any other road. 
One of them atTecting ignorance, they cut him in pieces before the 
eyes of the other, who, fearing the same fate, promises to lead them 
by a circuitous and more convenient path. . • • .90 

CHAPTER II. 

At night two thousand soldiers, under the direction of the guide^ are 
sent to Dccupy the heights in another direction. They rout the 
Barbariins in the morning, and thus enable the rest of the troops 
to march on. Xenophou, with the baggage and rear of the army, 
takes a road a little distant from the others, as the most convenient 

. for the horses. ' But although he acts with great prudence and 
courage, some of his men are killed. At length, aAer being much 
harassed by the enemy, the Greeks take their way over the moun- 
tains, and reach some settlements, where they find an abundance of 
provisions and enjoy repose. ••••••• 94 



CHAPTER IIL 

At length, after a moat toilsome and periloiu maidi of mwea days 
over the mountaina, the Grades arrive at the river Centrites, 
where they halt for repose. Hera new difficulties ara presented 
to them. Three obstacles seem to prevent their crossing 
the river, — the great number of Barbarians on the other 
side, — the depth and rapidity of the atream, — and the enemy 
who were pressing hard upon their rear. But encouraged by Xeno- 
phon*s dream, the army ciosses by a ford, and the skilful man- 
agement of Xenophon crowns the whole with complete success. • 98 

CHAPTER IV. 

After the passage of the Centrites the Greeks march through Ar- 
. menia, and soon reach the sources of the Tigris. In a few daya 
they arrive at the river Teleboas, in western Armenia. Here they 
enter into a friendly alliaoce with Teribazus, the governor of the 
country, at his request. Notwithstanding his oath of fidelity Teri- 
bazus follows the Greeks, with a large force^ and lays snares for 
their destruction. Wherefore they leave ■ the villages where they 
were encamped, and pass the night in the open fields during a heavy 
fall of snow 102 

CHAPTER V. 

In order that the enemy may not again overtake them, the Greeks 
depart the next day. For many days the army sufier much from 
the great severity of the weather, and the depth of the snow, as 
the Barbarians are continually annoying them. At length they 
reach some villages, where they find provisions in great plenty. 
Here they remain seven days. 105 

CHAPTER VI. 

On the eighth day after their encampment the Greeks take up their 
march, with the x^fM^x^f ^^^ ^^''^ guide, who, on the third day, 
secretly leaves the army, having been badly treated by Chiriso- 
phus. The Greeks then continue their journey without a guid^ 
and on the seventh day re^ch the river Phasis. After tiro dayf 



more they arrive at the mountains inhabited by the Chalybians, 
Taochians, and Phasians. The Barbarians oppose the progress of 
the Greeks. A council is held. By the advice of Xenophona se- 
lect number of soldiers are sent privately, by night, to the tops of 
those mountains on which the enemy are not stationed, in crder to 
fall upon them early in the morning. All this is done. The enemy 
are routed ; the Greeks pass the mountains, descend into fertile 
plains, and arrive at some villages in which are all kinds of provi- 
sions in plenty. • • • • • • • • .110 

CHAPTER Vn. 

The Greeks suffer somewhat from the want of supplies (the Tao- 
chians having carried all their provisions into the fortifications), un- 
til, by the advice and bravery of Xenophon, some of the castles are 
attacked and taken, when the soldiers supply all their wants. The 
Greeks carry with them sufficient to last them seven days, during 
their march through the territory of the Chalybians, who are re- 
presented as the bravest of all the Barbarians. Then they arrive 
at the river Harpasus, and, after a journey of four days through the 
territory of the Scythians, they reach some villages where they re- 
main four days. The governor of this r^ion afibrds them a 
guide, who, in five days, leads them to the summit of mount llie- 
che, from which they espy the sea. With exulting shouts they 
exclaim ** The sea, the sea,*' and throwing together a large heap of 
stones as a trophy, they crown it with ofierings to the gods. The 
guide then takes his leave, laden with valuable presents. • • 1 14 

CHAPTER Vm. 

Having marched through the provinces of the Macronians, with whom 
they entered into a treaty of peace, in six days the Greeks arrive 
at the Colchian Mountains. Here they are opposed by the inhabi- 
tants, who are soon routed, when the army again reach some fer- 
tile villages. In two days they arrive at Trapezus, a city of the 
Greeks, on the borders of the Euxine sea. Here they remain 
thirty days, during which time they go out into the neighbouring 
country to procure supplies. }n the mean time they offer solemn 
sacrifices to the gods for their safe return, and celebrate festive 
gtmes and entertainments. 118 



BOOK FIFTH. 



CHAPTER L 

A consuIUtioo is hdd upon the best manner of prosecuting the rest 
of the journey. Antileon proposes to go by sea, wliicb all approve. 
Chirikophus is sent in quest of ships. In the mean time Xcno- 
phon harangues the troops upon the manner of employing their 
time. He remarks that in procuring supplies from an enemy's 
countiy great caution must be used ; that they should go out in 
large bodies, but leave enough behind to guard the camp t — ' that 
the ships which sail by the port should be stopped, and brought in 
for their use ; — and that, lest they should not have ships enough, 
the towns upon the sea-coast should be instructed to repair their 
roads. The soldiers approve all his remarks excepting those upon 
the men£ng of the roads, for .they dread to go any more by land. 
Dexippus is sent to procure ships, but sails away. Polycrates 
is then sent, who £uthfully discharges his duty. .... 1^ 

CHAPTEE II. 

He Greeks begin to be in want of provisions, and therefore prepare 
for an excursion. A part of the army is led against the Drilse, 
a most warlike nation, inhabiting a rough and mountainous country. 
At first the Greeks take but little booty, as the inhabitauts burn 
every thing and quit their homes. At length they reach a city 
strongly fortified, in which all the enemy, with their eflecta^ were 
collected. The assault is made upon the city, which is taken, but 
the citadd is impregnable. The situation of the Greeks within the 
city is perilous, but at length they return in safety to their camp. 128 

CHAPTER m. 

^Vhen the Gredcs could not any longer wait for the arrival of Chi- 
risophus, in consequence of the scarcity of provisions, they put on 
board some vessels the feeble and sicl^ together with the women 
and children, while they themselves march over land to Certnit. 



'The army is reviewed. The money received from the sale of the 
captives is divided among the soldiers. The tenth part, however, is 
consecrated to Apollo and Diana. Xenophon, particularly, erects 
a splendid temple and altar, in after time, in honor of the goddess. 130 

CHAPTER IV. 

When the Greeks reach the territory of the Mosynoeci, the people 
make a stand against them, and endeavour to prevent their passing. 
The Greeks enter into an alliance with another nation at enmity 
with the former. But these allies are soon defeated. On the next 
day Xenophon himself, after he had animated his troops, attacks 
the enemy and puts them to flight. Two castles are burnt, to- 
gether with the soldiers in them ; the capital of the kingdom is 
taken, and some other places are either assaulted or taken into 
allbnce. The chapter closes with a description of the manners of 
the Mosynced • • • • • 1S8 

CHAPTER V. 

In eight days the Greeks arrive at the boundaries of the Tibareni, 
with whom, by the advice of the soothsayers, they make a treaty, 
and in two days reach the city Cotyora. Here they remain forty- 
five days, and collect their supplies partly from Paphlagonia and 
partly from the Cotyorensian territory, which they plunder. The 
Sinopeans send ambassadors to the Grecians, complaining of their 
injuries against the Cotyorensians, and threatening revenge. Xeno- 
phon replies to them with great firmness, and thus efiects a 
change in their feelings and tone of address. • . . ISG 

CHAPTER VI. 

Agreeably to the advice of an ambassador of the Sinopeans, (he 
Greeks conclude to go by sea, instead of marchtag through Paphla- 
gcnia. Xenophon proposes to found a city on the Euxine, which 
proposition the sacrifices favor. But his plans are opposed by the 
deceit and falsehood of the soothsayer, by the envy of some pf 
the generals, and by the empty promises of the Heracleotse. 
~ Therefore he yields this point, and advises that they should all de- 
part together, contraiy to the desire of Silanus. The Heradeot* 



lend ships, but no ttipesdiwy rewards te Ihe soldiers. In 
qi^ence of this, those generals who had excited the hopes of the 
soldiers begin to fear, and say to Xenophon that they are now ready 
to adopt his course and settle on the Euxine. When Xenophon 
refuses to make the propontion to the soldiers^ the generals them- 
selves undertake to bring the subordinate officers over to thdr 
opinions. •••• •»• ••• IS^ 

CHAPTER VII. 

When the soWers r^t the plan of going to the Fhasis, Neon* the 
Lacedsemonian, accuses Xenophon as the author of it. There be- 
ing some apprehension that the soldiers may take Tiolent measures, 
Xenophon rises to address them. Slrst he shows the foUy of the 
charge. Then he complains to them of the increasing kxity of 
their discipline, and prores it by adducing their cruel treatment 
towards the ambassadors of the Colchians, and the commissaries of 
the army. Should this evil increase he fears lest the whole army 
should become hateful both to gods and men. Influenced by this 
speech, the soldiers determme, that the authors of the columnies 
shall be brought to trial, and that if any, hereafter, shall be found 
guilty of such ofiences, they shall be severely punished. At the 
direction of Xenophon the army is purified. . • . • 145 

CHAPTER \UL 

When the generals are called to answer for their past conduct, agree- 
ably to the decree of the soldiers, some accuse Xenophon of im- 
proper severity and of cruelly beating them. But he easily refutes 
this accusation, saying, that he had sometimes indeed resorted to 
stripes, but that it was through necessity, and for the safety of 
those vezy persons who now accuse him, and that he never stmck 
any one from mere wantonness or anger. • • • • 150 



BOOK SIXTH. 



CHAPTER L 

The Paphlagoniani send ambusadora to the Greeks* to propose teims 
of amity, which are agreed to. While they are in the camp, the 
Greeks entertain them with exhibitions of dancing afler the custom 
of their country. After the departure of the embassy the army 
sails from Cotyora, with a fair wind, and soon arrives at the port 
Harmene. Here the Greeks stay five days, and determine to elect 
a general who shall have the sole direction of the expedition. Xe« 
nophon is chosen, but, as the sacrifices which he purposely oficrs 
are unfavorable, he declines. Chirisophus the Lacedaemonian u 
tlien elected 154 

CHAPTER IL 

The whole army sets sail for Heraclea, under the direction of Chiriso- 
phus. There a sedition arises. The army is divided into three 
parts. The first division, which is th? greatest, consists of Arcadi- 
ans and Achaians, who elect for themselves ten generals. The 
second division is commanded by Chirisophus, and the third by 
Xenophon. • • • . 159 

CHAPTER ni. 

The Arcadians, eager for plunder, first set sail, and reach the port 
Calpe. Thence they march into the country, attack the Bithyni- 
ans, and obtain some booty. Soon, however, they are besieged 
by the enemy, upon a hill, and are in great danger of being taken. 
As soon as Xenophon hears this, he marches to the assistance of 
the Greeks, and, when at a great distance, builds large fires upoa 
an eminence i • by which the enemy are frightened, and the siege is 
raised. On the next day Xenoplion overtakes the Arcadians at 
Calpe, where Chirisophus h^d just before arrived with hb troopt, so 
that the three divisions of the army are now there together. • l$$ 



sicvffi 



CHAPTER IV. 



A description of the port of Calpe. The productions of the countiy 
are enumerated. The soldier* are unwitting to. pitch their canip m 
any of the neighbouring Tillages, suspecting that there is a design 
to use their services in building a city. They therefore encamp 
near the shore. After the third day a resolution is passed that 
whoever should use his influence to separate the arniy, should be 
capitally punished. Neon succeeds Chirisophus in the chief com- 
mand. They tfe in want of provisions, but the victims, at every 
sacrifice offered, are not favorable to their going out to get sup- 
plies. Neon, however, leads oat two thousand men. But the 
cavalry of Phamabazvs attack them, and kill five hundred. The 
rest retreat to a raountun. The news is brought to Xenophon, 
who goes to their relief and brings them back to the camp. • .165 

CHAPTER V. 

The Greeks in order to be safe from attack, pitch their camp in a 
strong place and fortify it Xenophon as soon as he has ofiered sa- 
crifices, which prove favorable, leads out the army, drawn up in or- 
der of battle, after he has left a guard behind to defend the camp. 
They soon meet with the bodies of those soldiers who were killed in 
battle the day before, and bury them. The enemy are discovered 
upon a hill, prepared for an engagement. The Greeks march 
against them, but are stopped by n deep valley. Animated by an 
address from Xenophon th^ cross the valley, engage with the 
Barbarians, and put them to flight. . ... 170 

CHAPTER VL 

Tlie Greeks now coUect^provisions from every part of the Bithynian 
territory. Cleander, the Spartan magistrate, arrives with two gal- 
leys. By the duplicity and dishonesty of Dexippus, he becomes 
alienated from the Grecian army. Xenophon is assiduous to ef- 
fect a reconciliation, and succeeds. But Cleander, having offered 
many sacrifices which were unfavorable, declines taking the com- 
mand of the army. They therefore march, with thdr former gen^ 
ends, through Bithynia, and, with great booty, soon reach the city 
of ChiysopoliB, 174 



BOOK SEVENTH. 



CHAPTER I 

Anaxibius, the admiral of the Lacedsmonian fleet, being influenced 
by the prorniaes of Pharnabazus, prevails upon the Greeks, by pro- 
mising them money, to cross over to Byzantium. He then de- 
ceives them again, so as to eflect their removal from the city. The 
inhabitants shut the gates upon the army. The soldiers break 
through them, however, but are at length pacified by Xenophon^ 
who prevails upon them to leave Byzantium. Coeratades offers 
himself to the Greeks as their general, and is accepted » but in a 
few days he abdicates the command. • . • • 180 

CHAPTER n. 

The Grecian generals disagree about a plan of operations, and many 
of the soldiers leave the army, four hundred of whom are sold as 
slaves by Aristarchus, the governor of Byzantium. He also lays 
snares for Xenophon, who, witli a select number of men, goes to 
Seuthes to learn on what terms he will employ, in his service^ the 
Grecian army 186 

CHAPTER HI. 

An the Greeks, except Neon, are pleased with the propoations of 
Seuthes, and march to meet him. A treaty is ratified between the two 
parties, and U^e Grecian army is entertained after the Thracian 
custom. Seuthes consults with the Greeks about undertaking an 
expedition. In the night they all march out against the enemy, 
whom, on the next day, they find unprepared, and eanly vanquish. 
They obtain large supplies of slaves and cattle. • . 191 

CHAPTER IV. 

Seuthes burns the vilhiges of the enemy,. He then, in company with 
the Greeks, encamps in the plain of the Tbynians. There if a 



greet fall of mow, tnd the weather is very serere. The Oreela 
therefore go into the houses of the village. The Barherisas fly to 
the mountains, but pretend that they will enter into an alliance with 
Seuthes. At night they leave the hills, and come down and atuck 
the Greelss who were quartered in their houses. They are at length 
put to flight, and commit themselves and their eflecta to the mercy 
of Seuthes. 198 

CHAPTER V. 

Heraclides, ^^ving sold the booty, returns, but does not give the sol- 
diers their full ^ ^. Whereupon he is reprimanded by Xenophon, 
who orders that ever^ Ihing which was set apart for himself should 
be distributed to the other generals. The fiiithless Heraclides then 
endeavours, not only to defame Xenophon before Seuthes, but to 
deprive him of the command of the army. But in vain i all the 
other generals refuse to act without him. Seuthes then earnestly 
desires the Greeks to assist him in an expedition against the inhabi- 
tants of the coast of Salniydessus, who enrich themselves by plun- 
dering the wre(*ks of vessels. The Greeks assent, but receive no- 
thing which Seuthes had promised. Then the soldiers are angry 
with Xenophon, and Seuthes himself avoids all intercourse with him. SOI 

CHAPTER VI. 

The Lacedaemonians invite the Greeks to assist them in a war against 
Tissaphemes. Neither Seuthes nor the Greeks are averse to the 
plan. Then a certain Arcadian accuses Xenophon as being 
the cause of the soldiers not receiving their full pay, and 
thinks that he should be punished. Xenophon defends himself in 
a powerful and eloquent address to the troops. He shows first, that 
the Greeks assisted Seutlies voluntarily, and that, so far from hii 
preventing their receiving the monthly stipulation, he himself re- 
ceived comparatively nothing. He tells them that tiiey ought not 
to complain, since, without Seuthes, they would not have been able 
to subsist througli the winter, and concludes with saying, that they 
have not acted gratefully towards him for kindnesses they have re- 
ceived, and that they have been equally unmindful of their foraier 
promises of fidelity. Xenophon is defended by Channious tiM 



Spartan» and Folycrates the Athenian. Seuthes then requests 
Xenophon to remain with him, with a thousand soldiers. But 
Xenophon, having o&red sacrifices, determines to depart with the 
army. . 204 

CHAPTER VIL 

The Greeks plunder the Tillages upon the coast Medosades, together 
with an ambassador from Medocus, king of Thrace, comes to Xeno- 
phon, and orders him to leare the coast Xenophon reproaches 
them with ingratitude, dfld directk them to go to the ambassadors of 
the Spartans*. These reply that tbey would depart with the forces. , 
Xenophon, at the request of Medosades, is sent to Seuthes to de» 
mand pay for the soldiers. By many arguments he endeavours to 
convince him, that it would be much better for him to fulfill his pro- 
mises, and he succeeds^ Xenophon gives what he receives to the 
Spartans, to be distributed amopg the soldiers. • • • 810 

CHAPTER Vni. 

After the army had crossed over the Lampsacus, in Asia, Euclides, the 
soothsayer, advises Xenophon to sacrifice to Jupiter, which he does 
on the following day. Then, after passing through various places^ 
the army reaches Pergamus in Lydia. Hellas, the mother of Gon- 
gylus and Gorgion, persuades Xenophon to attack Andates. This 
he does, but the first onset is not successful. The next day the 
charge is renewed, and with success. Then he returns to Peiga- 
mus, and, after having, at the request of all, taken a large part of 
the booty, delivers the army up to Thimbron. A summary of the 
route and of the distance marched in the expedition and retreat • 918 



ZXXll 



TABLE I. 

MARCHES, DISTANCES, AND HALTS OF CTRUS AND THE 
TEN THOUSANC. 



NamM of Placet. 


Number 
of 


Para-' 


Halt- 




Marches. 




days. 


From Sardis to the Masander River . 


3 


ii2 




Colosss • • • • • 


1 


8 


7 


Celente 


3 


20 


30 


PeltiB .... 


• • 


2 


10 


3 




• . • 


2 


12 




Caystrus 


• . 


3 


30 


5 


Thymbrium 


■ • • 


2 


10 




TyrisBum 


, , 


2 


10 


3 


Iconiuoi .... 


» • • 


3 


20 


3 


Through Lycaonia 
Dana (Tyana) . 


, 


5 


30 




, , , 


4 


25 


3 


At the rilician Pass near 


Tyana . 






2 


Through it, to Tarsus 


• . a 


4 


25 


20 


Pharus (Sams) River . 


• . 


2 


10 




Pyramus River 


• • • 


1 


5 




Issus .... 


, , 


2 


15 


3 


Syrian Gates . 
Myriandrus . 


. • . 


1 


5 




, , 


1 


5 


7 


Daradax River 


t • . 


9 


50 




Thapsacus > 
A raxes River J • 


, , 


3 


15 


5 


> • . 


9 


50 


3 


Corsote 


. • 


5 


,35 


3 


ThePyliB . . . 


, , 


13 


90 






C 3 


12 




Through Babylonia to the field of bat- 


) 1 


3 




tle at Cunaxa, 


) 1 








f 1 


4 





* Thought to be tranipoiod in the text, and that the diataneea and marchiHi 
toaehin; theao two places should be interchanged. 



ZXXUl 



TABLE IL 



MARCHES, DISTANCES, AlfD HALTS OF THE GREEKS ALONE. 




Namea of Places. 


If amber 
of 

Marches. 


Pirs- 

MUlft. 


lUH. 
day*. 


Returned to the former camp at night 


1 


4 




With AriflBUs, northward . 


1) 






Truce ViJlages .... 
To the Wall of Media . 


U* 




2G 


3$ 






Sitace 


2 


8 




Opis . . ... • 


4 


20 




Zabatus River .... 


11 


50 


3 


To the Carduchian Mountains . 


15 




IS* 


Centrites River .... 


7 




Teleboas River .... 


6 


30 




Villages where they had the first snow 
Halt and attack of Teribasus' camp . 


3 


15 








31 




To the Pass .... 


1 








Eastern Euphrates .... 


3 








Through the snow 


3 


15§ 




t 


To the Villages of refreshment 


1 








The Army came in the next day . 


1 




8 




With the head man of the village . 
To the river Phasis ( the Araxta] . 
The fortified post of the Taochians, &c. 


3 








7 


»>) 




2 


lOf 




Taochians' country .... 


5 


30(1 




Chalybians and to the Harpasus River 


7 


50> 




Through the Scythinians' country 


4 


20 


3 


Grvmnias city .... 
Mount Theches (first view of the sea) 


4 


20 




5 






Through the MacrOnian country 


3 


10 




Sickness, occasioned by the honey 






3 


To Trapezus .... 


2 


7 


30 


To Cerasus 


3 


' 


10 


Warfare with the Mosyncscians . 










Through tlie country 


8 




1 




Chalybians 










Tibarenians, to Cotyora . 











* No distance given. 

t In the snow twenty-three dayv. 

X Wandnring all this time. 

$ The only time that the distance is mentioned In the moil 

II All this part appears to be ooofiued or transpoaod. 



^ENO^JINTOS 

KTPOT ANABA2EJIS 
BIBAION nPHTON. 



A 



KB(pdXaiov a\ 

JAPETOT not ITttQvottTtSog ytyvorrtu yratSsg 9vq ' 
itQia^vuqoq fiiv ^AQTa^sQ^rjg, vstartgog de KvQog. ^Eml fli 
fjij&ivsi AtxQfioe, xai vnoiitzevs xfXfVTrjv rov fllov, ipott^ 
XiJoColJxCi ntxtds afi(fOTf.g(a Tta^nvat. *0 fiev ow jrpe- 

• a/SvTBQog ndQMV irvyxocvf Kvqov di finanifinEiai ano rrjg 
«QXV?* V^ avTOV aaxqanriv inoit^ae, xal axqnxriyhv de aw- 
tbv inidsiU navxiav, oaoi ilg Kamvikov nidiov ad-gol^ov^ 
Tat. Idva/Jalvsi ow o Kvgog, Xa/Juy Tiaaaq>8QVijv wg q)i^ 
XoV xal Tuv ^ElXDjvoiv ds yfoif oTtXixag avipr^ xgiaxoaiovg, 

10 oiqxovxa ds Auroiv Sivlav ITaQgaaiov. 

^Enftdv) de ixiXevxtias Aagsiog, xa* xaxiaxij tig xtiv /?a- 
aiXBiav ^AgxaUg^igt Tiaaaq>iQvrig diajidXXsi xov Kvqov ngog ^^^ ^^^ 
'" xov adeX<p6v, cS? iitiBovXevoi avxa. *0 dp nd&ezal xa xal 
avXXanpav^v Kvqov, tug anoxxsvoav ij os iifixriq; i^aixri^ j . 

15 aajitivTi aixov, anoTtifinei ndXiv inl xfjv ioXTl^* /O d* fSg J 

anijX&8 xivdvvevaag xal axifiaa&ttg, /SovXivnai, oncag ftt'i^ 
noxe Ixi carat inl tw adeXt^f aXX , fjt' dvvrixtti, fiaaiXev^ 
au avx* ixtlvov, nagvaaxig (ih dfj ^ f^^rrfQ vnijgx^ ^^ '4tt^«>^' 
Kvgta, (ptXovaa avxov fidXXov tj xov /SaatXtvovxa *AgtaUg^ 

90 ^i^v, ^Ogxig d* atpixvolxo xav naga flaaiXiag ngog avtor. 



2 SEN0^SINT02 [BtS, A\ 

£. J' ^ ' J 

nmnaq ovroi dicrri^ci; ansTiifinFTO, oig&* kavr^ ficiXXoP 
q)lXovg tivai ij /iaaiXu, Kal xmv naq^ iavxm di fiaQfia- 
qiav inffisXuJo, ig noXtfitiP t« ixarol ^Xriatty, »al tvvoixag 
txoisp avT^. 7^y di '£XXrivixTjV dvvaftiv ij&QOiiev, cS; fid- 
Xiara idvvixio inixqvniofitvoq, oniag oxi ana^aantvoxatov f 
Xdpoi, PaaiXia, Jldt ovv inoiuxo tijv avXXoyr^v' onoaag 
<f/e (pvXaxag iv xaig noXtai, na^tjyytiXe xoig qtgovgdiQXotg 
ixdaxotg, lafipdvsiy avfUf^g IleXonovyijulovg oxi nXeiaxovg 
xal jJiXxlaxovg, mg hti^ovXdSoyiog Tiaaafpiqvovg xctig no- 
Xfoi, Kal yd(f riaav ai 'Itavutjal JxoXt ig Tiaqaq>i(^ovg to 19 
a^j^ftflor, ix fictaiXimg diioftivai' jore d* aqxaxi^xtaav ngog 
^VQoy ndaat, nXiiv MiXijxov' ir MiXi^xta di T\aaa<p6Qvijg, 
Tigotxia&ofieyog xa avxa xavxa fiovXtvofiivovg [aTso^^t'vi ' 
ngog Kvgov,^ xovg. ftiv aliav uJiixxtive, tov^ ^' 4^e^aXev, 
*0 di KvQog, vnoXapotv xoitq q>Bvyorrag, avXXi^ag axQuxtv- lA 
fjux, inoXiogxH. MlXfiTOV xal xaxa yt(v xal xaxd &dXaxxav, 
xal iixHQaxo xaxdytiv xovg ixntnxuixoxag. Kal avxri av 
aXXfi ^g6q>aaig rjv avia xov u^qoICbiv axQaxevfiu. JIgog 
di fiaatXia nifnnoVf ij^lov, adsXqiog wy avxov, do&ijyai oi 
xavxag xag noXBig fiuXXoy rj Tiaaaqiigyijv agx^ty avTbiv io 
xal ^ fiT^xriq avyingaxny^avxa xavxa, cojie fiaaiXivg xiqg 
fiiy ngog kavxoy ini^ovX^g oix ^a&dytxo, Tioaatpigvu di 
ivofitit TioXenovvxa ayxoy afi(pl xa axgaxtvfiaxa danavay' 
mgxB ovdiy ^^ero avx^y noXtfiovyxmy' xal yag o Kvgog 
aninsfjins xoifg yiyvofiiyovg daa^tovg paaiXhi ix xw nols^ » 
tay, wy Tiaaaqiigvrig ixvyxaviy^ f^o^. , 

^'jXXo di axQaxtVfia avvsXfytxo aira iy Xf^^ovif<76i x^ 
xaxayxmiqag Ajivdov, xovde xov xgonov, KXiagjfog fir 
uiaxtdaifioyiog, q>vydg* tovtoi avyytvofisyog o Kvgog, r^yd- 
^&il XB avxoy, xal dldtoaiy aix^ fivgtovg daguxovg. *0 di ao 
Xafiwy TO XQV^^^f axgdxBVfjux avyiXB^B^ ano xovxtty xtir 
Xgrifidxmy, xal inoXifiBi, ix XBggoyi^aov ogfttifiBvog, xoig 
Ogff& toig vnig 'ElXiqgnoyxoy oixomk, xal ti<piXtt tovg 



KE<p, e\] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 3 

"EXkfivag' wgis teal XQW^"^" awtfidlXovro avt^ eig t^v 
TQoq>nv jwr aTocniotToiv ai ^EVuignortixal noXng kxovaau 
TovTo o 1KV ovTA) Tqt<f)Ofitvov tmvdktvtv avT(^ TO axqa" 
Tsv/uff. ^AgloTiTtTtof di 6 0€iT<KXog itvyiaxfs Ifi'oc (uv ov- 

6 TO), xa« 7ii<^o/ufvo9 VTTO t(uv oixoi avu0Ta(Jt(aT(ov, igjjftxai 
TTQog -ihv KvQOV, xal aitBt avTov eig dtgxtXiovg ^ivovg' xal ^ 
TQibty (Afivwv fua&ov, itg ovmt ntqiyBvri^ofityog ap %wv 
avTiataoioixoiv. 'O da KvQog dld^iatv avxw (igstetQaxig" 
XiXlovg, xal li lifivw^ fiia&ov' xal osikat avroVf fitj 

10 TtQoa&iT xatakvaai ngog lovg avinnaaiuiag, nglr av ai- 
T^ avft^vlBvatjiai. Ovtot di av to iv OertaXltf iXdv&a" 
vtv avTto rqt(p6fiivov arQujivfia. Jlgo^ivov di tor Boior- 
tiov, Uyov ona avr^'i, ixiXsvat Xapona avdgag ot» nXU- 
arovg nagayfvia&ou, ^ inl Jlsiaidag fiovXofisvog arQuuv^ 

15 ta&ai, ag ngdyfjiaTa* naqfx^vxviv \t^v\ Iluaid^v rjj lorv- 
Tov X^Qf' SofpalvBxov de xov 2tvnq>dXiov, xal J'wx^arijy. 
loy \4xai6v, livovg ovxag xal Tovxovg, ixiXevatv avdgag Xa^ 
p6vxag iX&tiv oxi nXelaxovg, mg TtoXtfAtja^y Tiaaaq>igvu 
avv xoXg ipvydai xay Milrialwy. Kal inolovy ovtiag 

90 OVTOi. 

Kstpdkaiov fi\ 

End d idoxH aiziff ^drj noQBVBO&at arm, j^y fu¥ 
7tg6<paaiy inoiiixo, tag JiBimdag fiovXo/iByog ix/SaXtXy nay 
xdnaaiy ix xiig x^Q^i' ,*^^ a^got^Bi ^g inl xovxovg x6 
XB Pagfiagixoy xal xo ^ElXr^vixov ivxavd-a axgdxBVfia' xal 

S6 TtagayyiXXBi Tcji xb KXBdgxm, Xafloyxi ^xBiy Jp(J^ fjy avtia 
axgaxBVfAa xat xw Agiaxtnna awaHayBvxi ngog xovg 
oi'xoi, dnoni/n/jai ngog kayrefJo e?/e axgdxBVfioL' xal Zb- 
via TO) [dgxddi, og aim ngoBiaifiXBi xov iv xatg^noXBai 
^evtxovt fixBiv nagr^yyBiXBf XajSovxa xoifg avdgag, nXr^v ono^ 

SO ffot ixavol fjaav xdg dxgonpXBig (pvldxxBty, ^ExdXBoa di 
xal xovg MiXrixov noXiogxovvxag, xaH xovg q>vyddag ixi-- 



ZEiyoMiinvs [bi6.a\ 






litvaz Mv fltvrw 

Itiq xcnanga^itp dtp a iox^tniiiio^fLfi'^hqoQ^iv Tutvca^ 
9&ah ^if^^ uiioifg xcctajrdyot ofxa^. 0> ds ^di^tg iml^ 
'&OVTO' inlaiivop yuff aitw' xai lap6rttq la onXa, na- 
^rioay tig Suf^Hig. Sty lag fihw oti Hmig i* imv TioXtMP 1»- * 
fiatv na^eyivtro tig 2a^d9tg, onllrag tig jn^xicjfiXiovg' 
Jlqohyoc ^ di TMtQfjy^fXt'J' inUtag fiir tig ntrtmxoaiovg xal 
Xtliovg^ yffiwiqjaglk Tttrrcocoatovg ' 2o<patvtxog di o JStvgi- 
ifdkiog, onXljag tzttr x^Xiovg' ^ttxgdjiig 9» o !<^|pMto$» o- 
nXijctg ^a»y ug ntviaxoatovg' Haalmv di 6 Mtyaf^vg tig \9 
-fgiaxoalovg fUv oTtXlrag, xqiaxoaiovg di ntXtaatdg ^»y 
Tta^iyivno' ifr ^ »at oojog xat o ^SSwu^ori}; rmv a^ipl 
MlXritav oT^cntvoftiymp, Ovroi /icr tig ^gdiig aiit^ a- 
^IxovTO. Tnat/pKpigviijg ^i. xaiavoriisag tavta, xal fitl^opa 
'^/rjodfitvog tiyai ri tig \fJtlt Jltiaioctg rtfy naf^aaxtvr^v, no^ W 
^tvttai, ig fiaatXia, rj idvyaro tdxiata, iTtniag tx»y wg 
ntvraxooiovg. Kal fiaotXtvg uh ^r/,^ intl %xov9t naqct^ 
Tiaaa<p€^va¥g top Kvqow axoloyJl^ikiiT^tf^iaxivuiiiol |'* '^'- ^ 

KvQog di ixtav ovg tlnoy, agftaro ino JSd^tmy * xal 
iUXavvn dia itjg jdvdlag aradyLOvg Tqtig nagaodyyag elxo* ^ 
91 xal dvo, iitl loy Malaydgoy notafioy. Tovtov to cv- 
Qog dvo nXi&ga' yi(pvga di inj^y iitvygiivti nXolotg Ittto. 
Tovioy dta/iag i^fXavvti dia ftgvylag (na^fiBv tva naga- 
edyyag oxt» tig KoXoaadg, noXiv olxovfiiytiy, tidalgiova 
xal fitydXtiv. *Evrav&a tfittpty T^iiigag kntd ' xal ^x€ 9» 
Mivtay StxiaXog, txf^y InXhag x^Xiovg^ x«2 ntXiaojag 
mvjaxoalvvg, JoXonag xal Alvidvag xal ^OXwd-tovg, ^v* 
' jtv&ty d!£tXavyei ata&fioifg rgtlg nagaadyyag ttxQOty tig 
KtXaiydg, ti^g ^gvylag TtoXiy tlxovfiiy^y, fitydXiiy xal €V- 
dalfiova, Jivtavda Kvgo) /iaatXtia rjy xal nagddsiaog a» 
^f'yag, oygttAy &ruglt»v TtXi^Qrjg, a ixHvog i&iigtvty an* 
%nnov, inoTt yvfiydaat (iovXoiTO kavroy xt xal xovg i'nr- 
9101;;. Jia fiioov di xov nagadtlaov (tl o Malavdgog no-^ 



Kt<p. S',] KTPOT ANABA2VS. 6 

ra^og' at di Titjyal aviov siah ix %mv PcLaildmv* ^u di 
xal $ia Ttjg KtXaivtav nclitoq. ^Eaxi ds Hal fi^ydXov pa- 
ailifag paaiXiia iv KfXaivaig ii^Vfiva in\ rutg nrjyaig tov / ^ 
Magavov jroTUfioVy vno jfj, aH^onoXet' qti di xal QVTog 

A dia T^^ nolfotg, jtal ifipuXXsi 'ug tov MaiardgoV rov 6b 
Mngavov to evgog iffTtv ftxoaixal T^ivts Jtodwv. 'Eyrav- 
Sa Xiynav 'Art6XX<nv ixStigat Maoaiav, vix'naag ioiCovxa 
01 ntgt aoq>iag, xai to atgfia xgtfiawxt iv xm avrgot, o- 
&iv ai Tiriyal' dia ds tovto 6 noTcifiog xaXuTctp Magav-^ 

10 ag, Eviavd-a Stg^rjg, ore ix T^ff 'jCXXadog '^iTti&tlg TJj fid- 
XH anf^cHgei, Xiynai, oixodofirioai tuvtu t« la fiaaiXtia, 
xal Tt^v KtXaivdiv axgonoXiv. Evxav&a tfisivs Kvgog '^- 
fiigag rgidxovTa* xal rjxs KXiag^og, o Aaxsdaifioviog, ^v- 
ydg, f^^v onXlxag x^'Xtovg, xal niXTaorag Og^xag oxTaxo- 

15 aiovg, xal To^orag Kgr^xag diaxoalovg. ^A/ia di xal JSwai- 
ag Tiagijv 6 S^vgaxovoiog, l/coy onXivag x^^^ovg, xal 2oq>ai^ 
rtxog ^Agxdg, ixfav bn}.iiag xtXlovg, Kal ivTav&a Kvgog 
i^haoLV xal agi^fiov t^v ^ElXrivtov inolriatv iv tm naga- 
dsiiKa, xal iyivovTO oi avfiitavTeg, onXliai fiiv pLvgioC xai 

S0j|r/A£O£, niXxaaxal di afi^l Tovg dtcxiUovg. 

^EvTBvd-Bv i^fXavvsi OTa&fiovg dvo nagaadyyag dixa tig 
JliXrag, noXiv oixovfiivriv. 'Evrtxv&a Bfittvcr rifiigag xgitg* 
iv fug Ziviag 6 lAgxag ra Avxaia s&vat, xal dyaiva t&ij'- 
xs' Ta di a&Xa ijaav atXtyyldtq jif^vaaZ' i&eiogsi di tov ^ 

35 dywva xal Kvgog. ^EvTtv&sv iUXavvsi, OTa&fiovg dvo na- 
gaadyyag dtodsxa tig Ktgafiwv ayogdv, noXiV olxovfiivrp^, 
iiSxdTipf Ttgog Ttj Mvala x^9^' *EvTtv&ty iUXavvti aTa&- 
fjiovg Tgiig nagaadyyag TgidxavTu, tig Kavargov ntdiov, 
noXiv oixovfiivfiv. 'EvTav&a tfitivtv ^'(tigag nivrt' xal 

so To7g aTgaTidraig dfpdXtTO fitad-og nXiov ij xgmv finvw' 
xal noXXdxig lorttg inl Tag S^vgag an^TOW. *0 di iXfU" 
dag Xiytiv difjys, xal dijXog fjv avuafitvog' oi yag ffP 
ngog tov Kvgov Tgonov, tx^ivxa fiii dnodtdivat. 
1* 



6 £EN0<^SINT02 [Bi6.A\ 

*Evrav&a afpixruicu ^Enva^a, ^ Zvtwiaiog yvvr^t xov 
KiUxww^ ffaailitag, nn(fa Kvqov' koI tXiyuo Xi/^o> dovvai 
X(Jiifitna nolXd* Tj A' ow OTffuxi^ roiB ani^wxB Kvffog 
fiiifdov Terrii^ftiy ^ijyuK. dilx^ di ij Ktkiaaa xoi ipvlaxag 
ntgl ifvj^¥, KlXixag xai ^AanBvdiovg ' iliyii9 di xui avy- ft 
ytviadai Kv^ov i^ KtUaap, ^Evjiv&iv ilhlavvti aTa&- 
fAovg duo na^aadyyag dixa fig Svfiflifior, nokiw olxovftd" 
Vf^v. Evrav^a tfV nuQu T^y odor x^ijyij ^ Midov xaXov- 
fUvfi, jov 4»Qvyw¥ fiaotXing' itp* ij Uyiiat Mldag toy 
SaxvQow ^iiQfioM, of^oi utQuomg aviifv. 'Evt9v9w lU- >0 
Xttvvu ara&fiovg dvo na^aaay/cig dixa tig TvQituov, nvlip 
oixovfiiyfiP ' iwravda ffinvtv ^fid(fag rifttg. Km Uyfrai 
dirid^ijvai ^ Kliioaa Kvgov, inidtl^ai to ar^auvfia avt^' 
ftovlofiByog ovw inidit^i, i^ijaoiy notiitm iv jm nidit^ 
rmv *ElX^vwy xal jutv flaQfiaffiav* ^Exikivat Si lovg "EXItj^ 16 
vag, wg vofiog aviolg tig /jta^V^f ovia Ta/t9^yai xal arfj^ 
vai, avvjo^at da Ixccoroy tovg kaviov, ^Exax&riaav ovv 
inl xikttagwp* ti^t di to flip df>$iov Mivup xal ol ovp 
avT^' JO- d* tvtapvfiop, KXiaqxog xal ol ixtlvov' to di 
fUaop, oi aXXoi oiqaxnyoL ^J£d-t<uQti ovp o KvQog n^tixop so 
flip xoifg fiagfiaQOvg' oi di na^i^lavpop rtrayfiivoi xax* 
tXag xal xaxa xd^ig' tha di xoi/g *'EXXijvag, nagtXavyiap 
i<p* SfffAaxog, xal ij KiXiaoa dtp' a^fiafid^ijg, eI^op di 
napxtg xgdni x^Xxd, xal x^^^^ag q>oivixovgt xal xPTiixidag^ 
'%al rag aanldag ixxtxa&agfidpag^ *ETttl di ndvxag nagi^- sa 
Xaat, axijaag to aQgia tiqo xrjg <pdXayyog, ndfupag Jllygfi^ 
Xtt TOP iQgiupda naQct xoifg axQoxrjyovg xwp ^EXXr^vtiP, dxi" 
Xtva% ngojiaXtit&ai xa onXa, xal dTtixfa^^aai oXrjp xt^p <pa^ 
Xayya. Oi di xavxa nqotlnop xoig axgaxiuxatg ' xal intl 
iadXmyUt nqofialhjfitpoi xa onXa dn»]taap» !fix di xov- so 
10V ddixop. TtQo'ioPifiiP avp xgavyjj^ ano xov avxofidxov 
dgofjog iytpsxo xolg axqaxitoxaig inl xag axfipdg. TTUp di 
fiaqfidgtap (foffog 'uoXvg jicri aXXoig, moI ^ t« KiXwaa upv^ 



K€<p. 6\] KTJPOT ANABA2:i2!. 7 

ytv int T^^ aQfiafiu^iig, ^"^ ^'^ ^^ '^V9 iyoqaq xaraXmovtsg 
T« ana t(pvyov ' oi d' ^'liiXlijvfg ovv yiXotri inl tag axij" 
vag rik&op. ^11 de KlXiaaot^ Idoifija Tijy XafinQoir^Ta xal 
Tijy ta^iv tov aTQattVfiaiog, i^avfiu^s. Kvqog di tia&r^, 
6 TOV in jav *£XXi^v<av tig Tovg jSaQ^otQovg (po^ov tdtar, 

'£vT£v&Bv i^ekavvBi axa&fxovg xgitg naqaaayyag Bixoatr 
$lg ^Jxuviov, zf}g 4*qvylag noliv iaxuTiiv, ^Hvtav&a efitiPB 
jgetg r^fiigag. 'Jivrtv&BV dieXavyn dia iffg Avxaoviag 
oja&fioifg nivis naqaadyyag jQUxxovxa. Taviriv t^y x^ 

10 qav insTQetffS diagTiaaai toig ^'EXX^aiVy mg noXtfiiay ovouv* 
'Hvxev&sv 6 KvQog Tigv KlXiaaay tig KiXixUmp aJionifATtti 
T^v taX^aitjy idov ' xal avvinefuffsv aiTJj oj^aiitijagf ovg 
Mivtuv tlx^y xal aiiov iMivava lov OiaaaXov,^ Kvqog da 
fiBTa lay uXXay t'UXavyfi dia Kannndoxlag aja&giovg jit-' 

. 1* laqag naqaaayyag tXxoai xal nirts nqig Aaray, noXvy 
olxovfiiytjv, fieydXf}V xal svdai^ova, ^Mviav&a t(iHvay 
T^fiiqag iqug' iv (^ Kvgog anixTUVty avdga Iligativ, Mt- 
yaq>iQvriv, (fo^yixiaTr}y fiaaiXsioy, xal hfqov tiva imv vndg- 
Xtov dvrdfjTTiv, alTiaadfiSvog int/iovXtvup ai/rw. Evitv&tr 

om infiqmrto igflaXXtiv tig t^v KiXixiav' ^ ds et^/^oAi} ijy o« 
dog ufjiahTog, og^ia liJX^Q^^> ^'** a^rixayog slgiX&elv aiqa-^ 
TtvfiaTi, tV Tig ixtjXvsv, ^MXiytxo di xal 2viyytaig (ivat 
inl Twv axgav, (pvXdnfav t^v tlgfloXiiv* di^ o tfiuvtv '^fii' 
gav iv t^ ntdU;^, Tji d^ vaxsgalet ijxey ayyiXog Xiymy, on 

35 XtXoiTiag ttn Sviyvtaig la axga, inil fio^tto to t8 Mivavog 
QTgdtfVfia oTt ^dij iv KiXixloi tttf tiaa lav ogiav, xal on 
igtrjgttg ijxpve ntginXiovoag ano 'ifavlag tig Kdixiav, Tw 
^fAav fxovra tag uiaxtdatfiovlav xal aiiov Kvgov. Kvgog 
d' ow dvi^m inl tu ogi], oidtvog xaXvortog, xal tldt rag 

so axTfvdg, ov iipvXaxjov oi KiXixtg. ^Evttv&tv ds xajtfiatvtv 
tig niSiov fieya, xaXbv xal inlggvxov, xal divdgav navro" 
danav tfinXfay xal afiniXiav* noXv di xal ar^aafiov xal 
fuklvnv xal xiyxgov xal nvgoifg xal xgidag ipigu. "Ogog 



8 ZENO^SINTOS [Bi6.A\ 

eig &dXaiT«v, 

Kaiapdq di dia tovxov rot; itBdiov, t/ilaae axa&novg ria- 
uagag nttQaad/yag nivzB xal ti'xoaip elg Taf^aovg, nolir 
lijg KiXixlug fitydlriv xal evdaifiova, 'jiviav&a maap la • 
Svivviutog /iaaUBtttf rov KiUxtav (iiwiXieag ' dipi fiiarig di 
Ttjg noXtMg ^ct noxufiog, Kvdvog ovofia, evf^og dvo nXi&gtor. 
Tai'iriv t^v noXiv i^iXmov oi ivoixovvrtg, fAixd Svunfiaiog, 
dg x^ig^ov oxvQov ini t« opij * nXr^v oi ra xuTtrjXtta (xov- 
Teg' tfAiivav dk xal oi naga tijv d^uXuxrav oixovvxig iv 2o^ 10 
Xoig xal iv ^laooTg. ^Enva^a de, ij 2v£j'viaiog ywr^, ngo- 
tiga KvQov nivxs "^fiiQag fig Tuf^aovg a(plxtxo' iv di xjj 
vnf(fPuX]j xaiv o^cW xmv eig x6 nedlov, dvo Xoxoi xov Mi- 
vwrog oxgaxevfiaTog anwXovxo* oi ftiv iq>aaav, a^Trnfov- 
xdg xi xaraxoTifjvai vno xaiv KiXixtov, oi Sk, vnoXtKp&ivxag 16 
xal oi dvvafiivovg ivgtiv xo aXXo axQaxiv/ia oidi xag o- 
dovgt eixa nlavo/iivovg aixtoXiad'ai,' tiaav di ovxoi kxaxov 
onXlxai. Oi d' aXXoi imidr] rjxov, xr^v is noXiv xovg 
Tagaovg dttjgnaaav, did xov oXs&gov xaiv ovoxQaxitaxwv 
ogyiZofiivoi, xa) xd (JaalXtia xd iv avrfj, Kvgog di, inel 30 
tlgi'jXaatv tig xtiv noXiv, /ifxtnifinexo 2vivvt(jiV ngog iavxoV 
o di ovre ngoxegov ovdevl nto xgtixxovi kavxov tig X^^Q^S 
iXi^HV ciqpiy, ovxs xoxB Kvgta iivai ij&tXs, nglv ^ yvvii ait- 
Tov tneias, xal nlaxtig iXaj}e. Msxd ds xavxa intl awe^ 
yivovxo dlXr^Xoigy 2vivvBaig fiiv Kvgta Vdatxs ;if^i}/uara noX- 25 
Xd tig xrfv oxgaxidv, Kvgog d^ ixelvt^ doiga, a vofilCtxat 
nagd ftaaiXsi xlfiia, Xnnov /^i;ao/a>l»yoy xal axgeiixov 
Xgvaovv xal tpiXXia xal dxtvdxijv xg^^ovv xal axoXriv 
Jlfgoixr^v, xal xijv x^g^^v (iijxbxi dg7xd£fa&ai' xd di ^g^ 
naofiiva avdgdnoda, ijv nov irtvyxdrwatv, inoXa^pdvitv^ so 



Knp. /'.] (5f/Wf .4NA£A^I^ 



K€(pdXaiov y\ 

*ErTav&* sfiiivB Kvgog xal ^ otQaTia rifjiiqug sTxocnr' 
oi yag mqanmrai, ovx £<paattv lirai xov ngotw ' vnoi- 
TtTivov ynq ^5tj inl paaiXia Uvai * fiia&n&ijvtti ds ovx enl 
Tovrm tfjpnaar, Ilqnxog di KXiagxog rovg atnov oTgrnita- 

5 tag iSuxisTo iivai ' oi ds avjov le tSalXov, xa* t« vtto- *• 
ivyia xa ixelvov, ind rjg^aro TTQoXifiai, KXiag^og ds t6t9-\ 
fih ftixgov iU(pfys rov fir] xaxantxqti^r^vm \^axfgep 9i, i 
intl syvfa, oxi oi dwrjoBtai fiinqaa&ai, awriynytp ixxXij' 
alttv xwp aviov oxqaximx^v ' xat nqmxov fih. idaxgvB 

10 noXvv XQOvov kaxtag ' ol ds oQcirrsg id^avfia^ov xal iaito- 
ntav ' flxa sXiU^ xoidds ' 

" ^Avdgfg axgrttrnxni, fti^ 'd-otvfia^txf, Sxi ;jf«i«;rwff qisg» 
tdtg nagomi ngayfiaaiv. 'Efiot yag Kvgog ^irog iyii'STO, 
xal fis, q>svyovxa ex xrjg naxgldogt xd xs aXXa ixifii^as, 

16 xal fivglovg tdoixs dagfixovg' ovg iyat Xafitov ovx fig xo 
t8iov xats&ifjiriP ifiol, aXX stg vfiag idaitavtav. Ka\ ngw- 
Tov fih ngog xovg^ Ogaxag h oXsfjrjaa, xal vnsg rrjg 'JSX- 
XdSog ixifiwgovfiTiy ftsd" v/u«', ix xrjg Xfg^ori^aov avxoifg 
i^sXavrtaVf PovXofiivovg atpanisia&ai xovg ivoixovnag *i'A- 

«0 Xr^vag xr^v yf}v, ^Enndri ds Kvgog ixdXsi, Xa/Suv Vfiag 
iTtogfvofitiv, iVa, ef xi dioixo, tiiffXolfjv avrov dv&' tar 
si sna&ov vn ixsivov, rEnsl ds Vfislg ov ftovXta&s avfi- 
nogrvsa&at, avdyxri dri fioi, ilj Vfiag ngodorta rij Kvgov 
q>iXl(f XQV^^'*^' V ^Qog ixslvov tpsvodfispov fisS^ vfiwv «i- 

95 rat. Ei fih drj dlxaia noir^aoif ovx olda' algi^aofiai J* 
ovr Vfidg, xai avv Vfilv o xi av diji niiaofiai, Kal ov- 
nox igu ovdslg^ atg iyw ^EXXrivag dyaywv fig xovg (iagfld- 
govg, ngodovg xovg "EXXrjragt rrjv xav /iagfiagmy (piXlnv flXo- 
fMtlv. *AXXa insl vftflg ifiol ovx id^sXtrs nsl&fo&ai, ovds 179,6" 

80 a&ai, iytt aw igiir ft/fOfiah xat o xt or/ ditj ntlao[iat^ 



10 S£NO0Jiiriv:s [D16.A. 

Nofii^n yoQ v/iag 4jioi tivat xal nar^ida xa» ipilovg xtd 
9Vfifia;[ovg, xal avp vfilr fih av iiriu jifiiog, onov viv m ' 
Vfiwv d* igrffindilg, oix uw Ixaroq thai of/iac, ovi av q>iXoP 
4i2^cA»}tftfi, oSi' uv fX^^ov ali^au&ai. *Slg 4fiuv ow iortogt 
onti u¥ xal i/icic, ot'roi ji^v yrojfiijy ^cic." Taixa tlniw ' oi s 
^i aTQatmtat, 0* re aitov ixiirov, xul oi uXXoi, javia axov^ 
aarttQ, on oi (palq naqa fiaaiXia noQfVtadai, ini^vioav' 
" naf^ di Siriov xal Ilaaloiyog nktlovg ij digj^Uiot, Xaflones 
za ZnXa xal t« axivoipoQa, iajf^Torndtvoawto naga KIb^ 
a^jfoi. Kv^og di tovtoig unoffotv le xal kvnovfityog, /icrc- 10 
nifintxo %6v Kliagzov ' o S* iirai fiiv ovx il^ili, lu&^a di 
twv atftaubijur nifinotv aii^ uyyilov, tXtyt d^ag^nv, ug 
xaiaarijaofiivoiv xovituv lig to diov' (iiiani^Jtiod'ai d* 
ixiXfvev aviov ' aviog di ovx cqpi; tivai. Mira di ravta 
owa/aydtv tovg fiiSt iaviov argattuiag xal rovg ngogtX- ift 
^oytttg aitw xal wv ukXav top jiovXofAtvoy, tltU totdde' 

***UrdQtg urgaii^tai, ra fiiw dri Kvqov dtfloy on ovrmg 
^H TiQog ^fiiig, dSv^'^ to i^fiiitga iiQog ixtivov * otT€ yog 
tmilg -fu ixiivov aigauonai, inti yt oi ovvtnofit^a aitta, 
oSiB iuHvog %uXv bu fiia&i dortig. "Oxi fUvroi adixBia&ai 90 
vofilCn ifif ifioif, olda * cSk cs xal fiixantfiTtofiirov avxov 
ovx i&iXm iX&tIv, to fiiv fii) loxov, aia/vvofityog, oxi avvoi- 
da ^ftaux^ navxa i^ivufiivog avxoy ' tJXBixa di xal dfdnag, 
fifj Xafiiiv fiB dixr}y 4ni&jj, (ay vofilin vn i^iov ^dixl^aS^ai, 
I'lfiol ovp doxBl oyx &Qit tlvai ^fiiy xa&BvdBiv, ovd' afiBXBXy 9ft 
1^^611' aixav, aXXa ()ovX(Vtu9-ai, o ti x^h ^oit7y ix Tovxtiv* 
Kal itxB fiBvofiBV avtov, axBTtxiov fiot doxBl Bivai, oixng log 
aafpaXiaraxa fiiywjiev' bVib dt^ doxBi aniivait onwg ug 
aatpaXiaxaxa am(iBy, xal onfag to, imx/,dtia t^ofitv ' ayBV 
yag tovxwv ovxb oxgaTfiyov ovtb Idiwxov o(fiXog ovdiv, 9m 
*0 di avtig noXXov fiiv a^iog (piXog, (a av iplXog -j ' /aile7rfi»- 
tajog d f'x^Qogf w aV noXifiiog tj. *'£xt di dvyafiiv ixn xa2 
nsiiv xal ijimx^v xal vavxixi^v, ijv navTBg ofioiffig og^fiip 



Kup. /.] - KTPOT JNABA2IS. 11 

T€ mat iniaxufisd^a ' xal yuQ oidi noq^m doxovfiiy ftoi ai^ 
TOt; xa&ija&ai * wgxt (u^u Xiyuv o il Jtg yipftiaxti ug$aior 
iivai" Tavt' linoay, inavaaio. 

Ex di xovTov aviiJT€tvxOt ol fiiv in jov airof^atov, Xi^r-- 

i Ttg, a iylyvtoaxop * oi .di xful vn exdvov f/xiXevoToi, fn^ 
diixvvvtsg, oia <li} { fmoQid^, aviv i^g ^ Kvqov ^vjafiriq' xa\ 
fiive^y xal antivau £ig ds dff elne, 7tgogn6t6vfievi(g aniv^ 
diiv tag xuLXiOxa noQtvia&ai sig xr^v 'jiXlada, *' oxqax'nyovg 
fiiv iXioi^ai, aXkovg mg xdaiaxat ii firi fiovXixai KXia^x^g 

10 aiidynv ' xa d tTxixi^dna qytM^tQ&eti {^t d otyoga nv iv t^ 
fiag/ia^nx^ axQttxsvfiaxi), xall dvoxtvfl(iea&iii> fi.d*OKHMg di 
Kvqov aixdv nXotUt wg anonXiotsv' iav ds fjirj didJ) xavia, 
fiyB[i6va alxslv Kvqov, ogxig tag dia q>iXlag xijg x^Qag ana- 
|«* • iav 8e fifjds ^yffiova didw, avvxaxxBO&av xifV xaj^iaxfjv * 

lA Txifupai ds xal nQoxaxaXtupofisvovg xa Sxqo, oniag /ji^ 
<f&uamai fi'^xs 6 KiQog, fi'^xs oi KlXiftsg, mxfui^SoKXtg, oav 
noXXovg xal noXXa /Qi^ftaxa txofisv uvt{Q7taxoxfg*^ Ovxog 
Hiv dr^ xotavxa sins' fisxiii ds xovxov KXiaQxog sins xoaoviov' 
" *Jlg fASv axQaxriyrnsovxa ifis xavxrjv xr^v axgaxriylav fitfdslg 

30 vfi^v Xfyixta * noXXa yag ivoQfa, di a ifjiol xovxo ov n^- 
xsov ' 6)^ ds xu} avdQi, ov av tXriods, nsioofiat y dwatbr 
fiaXiaxa ' Xva sldijxt, hxi xal aQXSO&ai inloxttfiait ^g tig 
xal aXXog fidXiaxa dv&Qfanciy" Msxa di xoviov aXXoc avi- 
axr^y inidsixvvg ftsv xriv svrf&siav xov xd nXola aitslv 'HctXtv- 

*» ovxog, ^gnsQ ndXiv [xov] axoXov Kvqov fifj noiovfiirov ' 
inidsixvvg M, ** ca^ svij&sg si'tj, ^ysfiova aixslv nagd xovxov, 
10 Xvfittirofit&a xifV nQii^yV, \Ei di xi xal toI Tjytfiovi ni- 
axsvaofisv, m av KvQog didb), xi xwXvsi, xal xd dxQpi 9/,uTy 
"xslsvsiv Kvqov n'QoxaxaXafipdvsiv ; Kyu yuQ oxvolriv fisp 

to av . slg xd nXoia ijA^aivsiv, d tf/uv doltj, fiti ^fidg avtalg 
xalg xQitfQfai xa^aovorj * q:o(iolfii^v d' av xot '^ysftovi, ^ 
[ay] dolri, snsoO-ai, ftvi fifidg aydyrj, o&sv oi'X oiov xs laxat 
iliXOslv ' povXoifiTiv d^ av, dxovTog uniav Kvqcv, Xa^tiy 



' , / « < 



12 SENO^JINTOS [BiS. A\ 

aiiov inU&Div' o oi dvvajop iojtv. 'jiXX^ lytoys 917/1 A 
zavia fiiv <plvagi€ig dvai * duntl di fioi, avUgnq ik&oiia^ 
UQog KvQOVf oiuvtg iiiiTtfinoh avv XAeu^^oi, i^iaxav ixtl-^ 
voy, tir povleiai ii/iiV z^fiOffai^ xai jtav Mtv rj ngu^ig »/ na- 
ganXrioia, olanto xui nooad^ fJCQ'i'^^ "^^^S Uvoig, tntadai, f 
Ku» ^/itf^i *oL^ /iij xaxtov^ iiyat ia>y nQoaitey tovita awava- 
fiufiwv ' iav di ^ilQav { nr^a^i^* ,f^£ nooa^fv ^alvrjTai, xal 
imnovwiiQn, -xal iifi,xi.vdvvoTi()'a, '^ c^^iovjf, ij. juiaaiTa rifiag 
ayeiv, ^ ^^lu&trt'c^ nqoq fptXiav 'i(pttv)iii * ■ bviio yuQ xal 
knogifvoi ay ipiXo^ aiiT^ xal ngo&vfiOL inolfie&a, xal anlov- 10 
xsg, aaipaXmg Sv intloifivf' o Ti d' av nqog tavxa Xiyrj, 
anayyhiXat btvqo'Ji^ig d* axovaaviag nqog tavta j3ovXev- 
ia&tti. "MidoU -tuv'itt' xal avdoag Uo/ierot avv KXtdg^f^ 
nifinovaiv, ot Tfifcnwv Kvqov ivt dolnvxa rjj OTQaua, 'O 
d* anexgiraio, "on axovo^ 'Aflgoxofiav, //^^ov upd(^a, inl lA 
T^ JivifiqaTtj noxafi^ itvai, anixovxa dudfxa tna&fiovg' 
ngog rovTov onv" £91} " (SovXta&ai iX&nV xav fikv ij kxii, 
TTfV dixfjv " £<3pij "xif^iiiy imd^Hvai aviw ' tjv de (ptvyrj, ^fiug 
ixei nqog Tama fiovXivaofis&a." ^Axovaavxtg ds tavxa oi 
algBxol, avayyiXXovai xdlg axqaxuoxaig, Tolg ds vnoi/;la ftiv ao 
fiv, ox I ayH n(}6g jSaaiXia, ofitag ds idoxsi STxta&at * Ttgogai- 
Tovai ds fiia&ov, *0 ds KvQog vjiioxvtix'at, ijjiiorioi^ ' naa't ' ' 
daasiv, ov txqoxs^ov tqxgov, avxl dagttxov xqla rjfiidaqsixa 
Tov firivog rat axgaxitoxtj ' oxi d .inl fiaaiXia ayot, ovd iv-- 
tav^ ifxovsv oidtlg iv t^ xoxs q>aysg^g, a« 

Ks(pdXaiov 8\ 

'Evxsv&sp iUXttVvsi axa^fiovg dvo nagaadyyag dixa inl 
Tcr JSdqov noxa/jiov, ov i]V xo ivqog xgia nXi&ga, Evxixh' 
S^fv iUXavvsi axa&(j.6v tra nagaadyyag nivxs inl xov JIvga- 
uov noxafjiov, ov xo svgog axddiov. £vxsv&sv i^fXavpst 
axa&fiovg dvo nagaadyyag nsvxsxaldsxa slg *Jaaovg, t^; ao 



Kiq>.d\'] KTPOT jmABA2J2. 13 

^KiXixlag iax^Tnv noXiv inl tjj •d^akajxri oixovfiivtiv, fityd-^ 
Xtiv xal tvdaifiova. ^£vjavd^a ifitivav ^fisQug tgitg' xal 
KvQ(o Ttagijaajf ai fx JItXonown<wv vijtg igiaxovra xal ttcV- 

^^ TB, xai in oLUiaig vavaqxog Jlv&ayogag Jlatuoaiuoviog. 
iTyuio avxbiv Tafia^ Aiyvirtiog, sc E<ptaov, t;^ 
vavg htigagA^qiSv ihbvtB^ttl ifxoaiT ' alg inoXiogxn Ml^j, ^ 
XriTor, 018 Tiaaa(piQvn q>tXtj i^v, xal awtnoXifiti Kvg^ '/ 
ngog aiiov, Hugijv ds xal XttgUsotpog 6 Aaxidaifioviog in\ 
Twv viav, findntfiTtiag Ino Kvgov, knTaxoaloyg txtov onXi-' rs 

10 Tag, (uv iargati^yei naga Kvgw. At di vijtg oigfiovv xortol 
TTjV Kvgov axfivfjv* 'Evrav&a xal oi nag^ ^Aflgoxofia fit- 
ad-oqtogoi *'£XXi)Vfg anoardrrtg tjX&or naga Kvgot^ mga^ 
xoatoi o'JtXiraif xal awtaxgajtvovto inl jiaaiXia. 

Evjtvd-tr i^iXavyei ara&fiov tva nagaadyyag nivxt inl 

15 nvXag xr^g KiXixlqg xal- trjg Svglag. Ilaav di tavxa dvo 
Tfl/ij * xal TO fi^'ta&u%v ngo tilg KiXixlag JSviwtaig flxB 
xal KtXlxtav q>vXaxi^ ' tq d' i$(a to ngo tijg JSvgiag fiaai^ 
Xitag iXfysro q>vXaxri (pvXdxTeiv. Aia fiiaov ds xovxatr (u 
noxa/Aogf Kugaog ovofxa, tvgog nXe&gov. "Anav di x6 fii^ 

90 aov xwv xeix^iv rjaav axudiot xgitg ' xal nagfX&Hv ovx ffp 
pif^ • r^v yag tj ndgodog axtvi^, xal xd xdxri tig xyv •d-d- 
Xaxxav xa&i^xovxa, vnfg&ev di riqav ndxgal r^Xi^axoi' inl 
di xoig xdx^aiv dftqioxigotg i<pHan^xiaay nvXai. ^ Tavxifg 
ovv tvtxa xr^g nagodov Kvgog xdg vavg fisxini/jtffaxo, o- 
/ 95 jrutg in^lxac dno^ilidotitv eiOM xal e^oi xuiv nvXur, xal 
/iia/aafifvoi f^ovg noXffiiovg nagiXd-oisr, ti <pvXdxxoitr inl 
talg Svglaig nvXaig' onfg t^exo noir[auv xov 'Afigoxo/iap 
o Jivgog, sxorta noXif axgdxtvfia. 'AjSgoxofiag di oi xov^ 
to inoii}atfy, dXX* inel ijxovt Kvgov iv KiXitiltf ovxa, ava^ 

90 ergiipag ix fpoivixr^g nagd /SaatXia an^avviv, Tx9^^S 
iXiytxo, jgtdxovxa fivgiddag axgaxtdg. "*> r>>, ^•^j ) 

'Evxev&Bv i^fXavvsi did Svglag axaS^fiov tvot nagaodyyaq 
nirxt tig Mvglavdgov, noXiv olxoifftsvfiv into ^oivIkup ial 
2 



i u 



14 SENO^ SINTOS [BtS, A'. 

T^ SjptXaTtn* iunoQiop d ifv to jffti^/or, Hal £(ffiOW av~ 



to&t olxaofg nolMxt/'^YEvTavS- tfiuvav ^fiiQag 
Ztviag 6 ^A^xag, ar^crrij/o^, xaj ITaaltov Jo Mtyaqivq^ Z^- 
Sttvjfg eig nXolov, mi^'ia'^Tilftotov^uiia iv$iuni}^i,i iai- /j a 
nlivaay, aif fnv xoig nAtloxoig iooxovv, qfiAoufiTiD-tvi^,Jou •.■ A, 
> Tovg aiffonittixag airoiv, jovg nuffu KXtaQX^f dTifX&6vjag,l^^'^ 

mg aniovtag dg r^y ^JSXXoiSa ndXiv, xal ov JtQog JiaaiXia, . . 
c2«t Kvqog iO¥ Kkia^x^y ^O'- *EniLi 6* ovr ^aav aiprti'ttg, ' 
di^X&s Xoyog, on ditoxoi MVTovg Kv(fog j^i^Qtai'' xal oi 
fiiy evxoKfo, tig doXtoig ovxag aitovg Xijipd-^vui' oi ^' 10 
ffixjHQOv, bI dXoiaoivTO. 

KvQog di, avyxaXiaag tovg atifOTtiyovg, ilntp ' " 'AjioXs- 
/ Xoinaaiv vu/Sig Stviag xau Ilaalmv' iXL* ei/ y« liivxoi i- 
ntaTaad(afj(xv, ou ovu anoowfaxaaiv ' oioa yaff onri oi^ 
Xovxai ' ovTB aiioitfq>fvyaaiw * ^(u ying T^ii^Qtig, (S^re Hhv 1* 
TO dxilvmv nXdiov. ^AXXd, fid jovg &eovg, ovx tyiayt aih- 
xovg 6i^\oi ' oids igti oidslg, wg dym t<ag fiiv dv itaQtj 
xic ySnmat'fj inuddv 9i dmivai SovXfixai., avlXaSfov xtd 
'' avtovg taxbig noioi, xai la. rorMnxa anoavlai, - AlXn lov- t^ 

Xfav [nvj (lOoiBg, on xax^iov^ Biai itB^h ^tfJ^^St V Vf^^^? ttc- 90 
gl ixflvovg. Kalxoi cyo) y'i Uvxatv xal xbxvol xal yvvoftxnc 
iv TgaXABOi tpgovgovfiBva aXX ovos xoirrottf axfQrjaovxai, 
dXX* dnoXi^ifforxat, xPjg ngoa&BV BVBxa nfoi ifti agiyjig* j;^. ^ .^ 
Kal 6 fisy xavxa bitibv ol6^ "EkXr^vBg, bV xig xal a&v^ 
fioxBoog «K '^^hs J^h^ • ^vdSamv, dxovovxtg xr^v Kvqov a^c- Ml 
tify, rfiutv xal^ngcf&vfiOTBQovfawBTtogBVOino. /h^ ^p^ Mw t«»- * ' 

Mtid [3e] xavxa Kvgog i^fXavyfi axa&fiovg xixxagag 
nagaadyyag Btxoaiv inl xov XdXov noxafiov^ Svxa to Bvgog 
nXi&QOV, nXi^gri d' Ix^vmr (iBydXav xal Tigaianv, ovg ol 
£vQOi ^Bovg ivofiiiov, xal ddtxBiv ovx BirnVr oidi xdg ire- tm 
Qiaxtgdg, Ai di xwftcti, iv alg iaxiivovv, Ilagvodxidog 
^aav. Big ioivfiv dBdofiivat. ^Evxbv&bv HbXuvvbi axad-ftovg \. ^ 
nivxe nagaadyyag xgidxo9xa inl xdg nriydg xov Aagida 



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Xi(p, d\^ KTPOT ANABAS12. 15 

nog noTttfiov, ov to cv^o? nli&^v. ^Ertav&a ^oav to 
JBtXiavog ^aalXua, tov Svolag ag^avtog, xal navddfiaoc « ^ ^ 
Ttttvv fAsyag xat xaXog, £/wy navia, ooa w^ai^ 9'''^''^*'>ti^u« 
KvQog d avxoy iUxotpf, xal xa fiaaUfia xonixavuiv, 

A *EvTivd^ev i^flavvei aia&ftovg TQfig nuqaadyyag nevTB^ 
xaldsxtt inl tov EifpfiaTtiv nojetfiov, ovxa to tv^og Terra- 
gtav oTadifov * xal noXig aiio&i (axtho fitydkij xotl tidal- 
ft tov, Odipaxog ovofiau. 'Evxav-^a I'fisiva* 7}gii(>ag nirts' 
xal KvQog fttTanefiipdfiByog rohg (rr^rxTij/otv twi' ^EXXi^vtay 

10 tXeyev, oti { odog laoito nqog /iaaiXia fiiyav, ilg Ba/Sv- 
Xwva' xal xtXsvH avioifg Xiyuv xalia xolg axQaxifaiaig, 
xal avuTXii&stv tnta&ai, Ol di Ttoirjaavxfc ixxXr^aioiv, «> 
TttjyyelXov xavxa * oi di axQaxMxat i/alsTfaiioSF'^o'ic axqa 



xdvnxkiy ' 



Xfiyoig, xal i(paaav, avxoi/g ndkat xavxa ^Idoxag .: 
Id xai ovx tipaaav uyai, av ^i) xig avioig j^f^i^fiaxa OiOb}, cu^ 
nsQ xal xolg nqoxtgov fjicxa Kvqov avafidai naqd xov no- 
tiga xov Kvqov ' xal xavxa ovx inl fidxriv lovxatv, dXXa 
xaXovvxog xov naxqog Kvqov. Tuvxa oi oxQaxtiyol Kvq(a 
anriyytlXov' o 5' vniaxno, uvJ^qI exdaxt^. doJUHV nivxe 

xov fiia&ov 
Iiaviav ndXiv. 

To fiiv dfj TsoXv xov ^EXXtiVixov ovrtug intia&ij. Mirt^v 
de, tiqIv diiXov ilvai, xl itoiijaovaiv oi aXXoi OTQaxiwxai, 
noxiQOV tipovxai Kvqw r, ov, avviXt^s xo avxov oxQdxtVfia 
96x^Qlg xwv aXl(av, xal tXsU xdd$' 

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vnb Kvqov, it ovv xtXtvoa noir^cai ; Nvv dtixai, KvQog 
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9rcxil<v.' v,uIf ^i, w$ uovoig ^fi&ofiivoig, nKnojaxotg XQt\^^^' 

f ^ iSmnkJS^ig tf^ovqia xou ug koznyiap noil akXov oviivog 

av 8i^)a&t, ol5a, on ug q)lXov Ttv^ea&e Kvgov* Axov- 5 

aavxtg lavxa ind&ovto %al du/Srjaav, nqlv tov^ atlovg 

anoxglvaa&au Kvgog d^ intl ^a&svo diuflt/Stixoiag, tja&ri 

Tf, xoi T« aJitttTtvfiaxi Txifiif/ag rXovv, siniV *'*£yfo fiiv, 

io SvdQfg, iidij vfiag inaivw ' onmg di xal vfAiig i^ii inair- 

viaitSf ifUH fuXi^asi, tj fitjxixi fts Kvgov vofil^sxey Oi fiiv 10 

^ri axQwtiKxai, h ilniai firyaXmg ovxtg, ev/ovxo aixop «w- 

/ U TV/^cat* Miviovi Si xal dwoa ikiyexo Txifiipai fifyaXonoB- 

< TiMg, Tavxa os noitiaitg CiBpaivB' avvurnxo os xai to 

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noxa^ov ovoftg fpQfx^^ aprntga xoiv jiaaUfav vno xov 15 




uoxoifiov KvQOti^ tag ^(xotXtvaovti. 4 t j. '\ /^/^f-v J <* <♦ 20 

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ftoxaftov, £vxav&a r^aav xtifiai noXXal, ptaial alxov xetl 
otvov, ^£vxav&a tfitivav '^fxiqag xqug, xal intfjixiaavro, 

. KetpdXaiov L 

£vxEvd-fP iUXavvsi dia Ttjg ^Aqn^iag, thv Ev<pQaxijv 1x0- 3» 
tafiov iv 5e|t« (X^v, axa&fiovg egr/fiovg ixivxs Txagaaviyyag , 
tQifixo'i'xa xal nevxe, 'Zi> xovxw de t<J xona) tjv fih ij yti 
nsdlov anav oftaXov wgnsQ &tiXaxxaf atptv&lov $6 nXiJQsg' 



X*y. «'.] KTPOr AiyABA2t2. 17 

fi ^6 Ti xffft aiUo ivr^v vlriq rj xaXdfiov, anonrta ijaaT tv- 
tad^rj, .oigjtfQ uqiofxttia' divdqov d' oidh irfjv. Otj^la da 
Ttavjolaf nkBToToi fitv ovoi/&)C(UJUp,..oiit oXiyai,^ ar^ov&ol 
ai fityaXai' ivijaar ds xat tSAotgial ooQxSofgr^ttVTa da 
ft TO ^rjffla oi iTinttg iditaxor ivloxa, Kal oi (ih ovoi, iml 
Jig diwxoi, ni^odqQL^ovTtq av Biariixtaaw' noXif yoiQ lay 



innety ^anov Bjofxov xal ndhv intl nXfiaidiotok^'Tn- > 

noi, tavTov inolovv xat ovx ^y Xapuv, h fij] oiaararttg / 
Oi iTiniiq ^fjQ^By diadf^OfiBvoi lok^nnoig. ^ 7Vx dk xqia 
10 xfav dXioxofiivatP tfv nagemXi^an* loig iXofyBiotf, dnaXoHtei^a 



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tnaXoHtei^a 
di. JSiqovdhv de ovdflg tXafity' oi dk dia^vxtg lay ht- 
niay tix/v inavono* noXif ynq dniana dnoiffvyovaa, 
xoig fjiiv noal dQOfia), raig ds Ttiigv^LV, dqaaa, ugntQ ioTito 
XQoifiivrj. Tag di arldag, av Tig laxv dyiarjj, son Xaft/id^ 

U ytiv ' nixovxtti ydg jiQax^* agrtig niqdixtg, xal xaxv ana- 
yoQSVoVisi* 7Vi di xgta avxciy ridtaxa r^y. 

IIoQtvofitvoi di did xavjtjg XTJg xwgag u(pixvovvxai iixi 
xov Maaxdy norafioy, x6 evgog nXt&giatov. Evxav&a up 
TtoXig igtififj* fitydXrjj ovofia di avx^ Kogatax'^' ntguQ^ii^ 

10 TO di avxii vno xov Maaxd xvxXi^, *Evxav&a tfinvay r^ 
fiigag XQiXg,^xtti intaixloavxo. 'Eyxfv&iy iUXavvsi axa&- 
fjiovg igri/iovg xgng xal dixa nagaadyyng iytvr^xoyxa xov 
Eiq)gdxriy noxafiov iv di^i^ ex^^* ^O' d(pixvilxai inl JlvXag, 
*Ev xovxoig xolg axad^/iolg noXXd xtay vnolvyiviv dnJiXtxo 

9ft vno [roll] Xifiov' ov ydq tjy /o^to;, ovdi aXXo diydgor 
ovdiv, aXXd ipiXii ^y dnaaa { /toga * ol di hoixovvxtg 
ovovg aXixag naqd xov noxafiov ' oqvxjovxts xa«* noiovvxeg, 
ilg BafivXwva jlyov xal intaXow, xal^avfavo^a^ovxtg atxor 
IJ^oiy. To di axqdxtvfia o atxog mSUni, xal nqlaa&at 

to ovx ijy, bI firi iv xf] yivdiqt dyoqa, iv x^ Kvgov fiaqfiaq^ 
xf « T1JV xanl&riV aXivqoyy ij dXfplxwy xtxxdqvty olyXtay* ' *0 
di olyXog dvvaxai knxd ofioXovg xal ^fjnofioXioy *Axxixovg'' 
i di xani^ dvo xolnnag *Axuxovg ^tiqai, Kqia ovy &- 



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18 SJ^lSO0Sl?nO^ lBi6. A 



axa&fi<uv ovg nuvv fiax(jovg ijlavvir, onoTS ^ ngoc vdtao 
fiovloiTO OiuTfXiuui ti nqog X'-^ov. Kal dri nort i 
giug xal nrilov ipavtvioq talq ufid^aig dvgitogtvroVi 

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, Qixov (jigarov avvtxjii(id^Hv ra^ ufid^ag. | 'jb^ntl di idoxovr 
avjM ayolaiwcjiotitv,, wgnfo ogyn ix^livat jovg, wpj ou- 
tov Iligaag lovg xQaifOTifvgi>avvsnionfvtjki hag uftalac, 
"Jivd^a dij fjfgog u trig'j^TdtuxgTlv ^edaaa&au 'Pitffarttg 10 
y«(f Tovg noQq>VQOvg xavOvg, otiov txaoxog ijvzfp. kartixfog^ l,i 
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' v.) • Jtvovg ynlo(pqv, tzovisc. zovrovg is xovg nolvitkHg xixoivag, 
..* xai tug TioixiAag avaiVQi€Ui^_ ivioi os xai argfittovg jrf^i 

rolg TgnxnXoig, xal wsD^a Tiegl laig X^Q^^* * ^vdifg di avv l* 
XQVXOig ijttcnrJ)JiaavT^ Evg tov nriAov, ^uxtov. ij atg tig av , / 
^fCTo, fiitfuigovg^ lifxofiiaav tag afiUiag. To Of avfinav 
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* 'bfe ixa^tl^ixo' YOfil^av, ocrw ftiv uv Bdxxov tX&ot, xoaov- 30 
Toi kxnaQcxaxivaaxoxeQf^ paouu jiaxia^aiy oa^ os a;foilc(io- 
TfQOV, toaoixw Txliov fiaaiXit avvayflgfa&at axgdxfVfia, 
J^al avPidnv d 7(v Tw nqogixovxi rov rovv ^ fiaaiXdotg 
y^^^ nXrid-u fitv X^Q^ 'If** uv^qaiTXtav ioxvoa ovtttty xoig Ot 
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fijff, £? Tt^ dJu Tff/tfiJ^ Tor noXsfiov jioioIto, 

niqav di tov niifQatov noxafiov xata tbvgigi^ftovg 

ata&fiovg ijv noXig tidaluav xal ufydXf]^ Svofia di Xag^ 

Itit^fi'l ^* Tttvxrig oi atgatrnxai' 7]yoQ^iov ra iniTf}dtia, 

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vov, xal iXdfifiarw ti imtrfiiia, ahoy t« 4x x^g fiaXdroP ^^ '' . 

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iLsqi. a.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 19 

nBnoi9j/ji6vov tij$ ano rov (potvtxog, %a^ aitw gisUnig 
ravTo yuQ tjv iv xjj X^R^ nXttatov. 

'^A{iq>iX(ldvxmv di t* ivxav&a wv t« rov MtP^avog arga^ 
TtCDKUv xal tmv toy JQfotqzSO^ A KXdoQX^* ^^^olq adixziv 

eauTOU atgarsvfia fl ^sv axovaavjBg o oi GjqajKatai, ixa- 
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ilfiSQfx KXsa^x^^f iXd^v inl jtjv dkafimiiv jov TtOTUfiov, xal 
extL xaTaaxtipafisvog rrjv a/oqav, aquitnevsi ^m trjV kavTOV 

10 axr}vr^v diet tov ML 
ccvTov, l^KvQog d 

.. Mivoyyog err gaxKowiv ^vXa axlifinv jlc^ cue. eii^£ tov KXiotQXOV , 

' OilXavvo^mj Itiai tij a^ij xat ovTog /asv ckvtov ri^AagxBV' 
SXXog 8s Xl&m xal aXXog, tha jroXXoi, XQavyjjg ysvofiiviig, 

15*0 8s xazacpsv/st slg to kamov OTQatevfia, xal sv&ifg na- 

^ ^*'^^ qayyuXsr sit t^'onXa' J<a* JOVc jih jOT^ltag ixiXsvasv av- 

tov (isivai, Tag aani8agnqog la /ovara S^rrofj* aitog 8e 

Xa/Jwv Tovg Og^xag xal Tovg inviag, oX tjaav air^ iv t^ 

aTQarsvfiaTi, nXsiovg iq TSTragaxovra, Irovtav 8s oisi^iajOL ;; 

20 OQaxsg'\t TjXavvsv inl TOVg Mivtavog, &g:ts^iiilvovg ixns- /^,^ ■ 
7iXfjx^«h xa* avTov Mim)va^xal TosxHviT^l ta onXa. Oi^ ^ / 

8s xal larcujav aitogoifrsg t<j) TtqiffiaTi. *0 8s Jlgolsvog 
(Ixt^e yuQ VGTSQog Ttgogiwv, xal ra^ig avtt} inofisvtf twv. ^ . 
OTiXiTbiv) sv&vg ow sig to (asgov afiqiorsgoav ayoav, su^sto ^,y^^ 



M T« onXa, xal s8sXto tov KXsdgxov, firj noisiv.%m)Ta. -C[^<. 




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90 xal avv Tolg naqovai, Tav ntoTav ijxsv iXavvwv tig to fiiaov, 

xal Xfysi iSs' " KXtaoxs xal Ilaplsvs, xal ol aXXoi oi na- 

govTsg hXXrivsgt ifivx TtfTC, o Tt noisas, Ei yag Tiva alAi^ 

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noXsfiiwuffoi ^fur toorrai rHy ntti^a flimiXtl oKT«iy.'* 
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^OQOVJfjg dd, niffoiy: ivr^q^ yivu t% nqogr^xvtv finaikn, xatl 
%a iTokifiia IsyofABvdg ir rotg a^laroiQ HtQaotv, impovUvti 10 
KvQta,' xal nQoa&tv Ttoitfii^aag, xaTaHaydg di. Oviog 
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/ t&.K.movxa^ tnniot^ ij xarrtxavoi ay ivtOQtvaag, ij ^oiviag 
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argaTBVfiaf fiaaiXti diayyiukau ^ T^ di KvQia axovaaytt 
tavta idoxBi dipiXtfia ilvai' xal ixiX$vtv ainhv Xafifiavsir 
fiiqog nag kxdatov rwy '^ytfioyeoy. 
..\, .' 'O ds 'OQovrijg, vofdaag kiolftovg avtt^ tiyai lovg Inniag, 
^ ^ 'ygd(ptt innnoXrjy nagct fiaaiXia, on ^'|oi l/oiy irntiag mg SO 
ay dvytirai nXtiatovg' aXXa q>gd(sai rdig kavrov innBvatr 
ixiXevBV, wg <plXiov ainoy vnodsxBa&ai, ^Evtjv d* iv tJ in^ 
OToXfj xal tfjg ngoa&ey (piXlag vnofivr^iuna xal niaxB^g* 
TavTtiy Tfiy iniOToXtjy dldmai ntaio} aydgl, ag ^fxo ' o ds 
Xa/ioiv KvQ<a dldtaaiv. Avayvovg ds avr^y o Kvgog, avX-- to 
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amv xovg agiaxovg xwy nsgl avxov knxd' xal xoitg xoiy'EX^ 
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a&ai ra onXa 9K(^i t^v avxcv axiiyi^v, Oi ds tavta ixoh^ 






K«f). f '.] KFFOT ANABASIS. 21 

/# fk^tlJ^^^^^ ^^ tQi^iUovg oTtUxag. KUnq^w di xid 
^ ^^"^^ewrojwfeexfl^^ ^ xal aiti^ Teal %oXg aXXoig 

^fy, i^r,y/eiX€ joig q>lloig riiv^^ffyti^ tov 'O^vtov, tig iyi- 
A vtTO ' ov yuQ anoq^r^xov ijy. ^Efftfi Si Kvqov Slq^uv tov 

' /^\naQtSaUaa vfiug, avSotg wlXoi, oTtm^avv Vfiiv ftovXsvo^ 

fisvog, o Tt dixaiov iert xut^^Sg 9tSv xil ngog av&QwnmPy 
TOVTo ngd^ negl 'OgovtoyyiVTOvif To£top yaq ngmov 

10 fiiv 6 i/iog TtttJTjg tdmxtf" ti^fioovvlpSH dvm, *£nil di 
taxS^dg, (ug tfpti avrog, VJto tov ■ ifiov ad6Xq)ov ovtog inoXi^ 
fiijaev ifiol, 8f(av t^ dv Sag 
TigognoXffiwv ^omuff, wgis JoJI 
Xifiov ncivaaa&ai, xat diiiav tXa^ov xal sdwxa. Meta 

15 Tavra," e%pf}, " w ^Ogovra, inuv, o rl as rjdixijaa ; " *0 di 

amxgivoLXO, oxi ov, JldXiv o Kvgog tjgcixa ' " Ovxoyp vaxe^ ' 

gov, (og uvxog av ofioXoyiig, ovosv vn ifiov aoixovfxefag, uTKh' 
axdg fig Mvaovg xaxoig inoUtg xr^v ifxi^v x^g^v o xi iiivvw ; " 
*!Eq>fi 6 ^Ogovxr^g, " Oixovr" fq>ri 6 Kvgog, " onox av «/- 

iO v(og xr^v asavxov dvva/nv, iXdmv inl xov xijg Agxsfiidog ^ta- 
fiov, (jLsxttfteXsiv xi aoi tqyi^a&a, xal neiaag ifjti, niaxd ndXip 
idb^xdg lioi, xal sXajiig nag i^ov ; " Kal xdv&* m^ioXoyu o 
'Ogovxijg. " Tl ovy,^' t<prj 6 Kvgog, " adixti&etg vn ifiov, vvv 
TO xgixov iniflovXevfov /loi (pavfgog yiyovag ,- *' Einovxog da 

w xov ^Ogovxov, oxi ovdir adixti&flgf tjgtoxrjoBv 6 Kvgog av<- 

x6v'/*'OfjioXoyt7g ow, ntgl ifii adixog yfysvrja&aL;" " H 

k^Ju^ ^*^^tig livdyxrj," t(pri 6 ^Ogovxrig, ^Ex xovxov xdXiv ^gtixtjasp 

6 Kvgog' "*^Exi ow av yivoto xu ifiu d5(Xq>(a TtoXifiiog, 

ifiol ds xal (piXog xal niaxog ,-** ^0 di antxgivaxo, oxi> ** ovd 

90 li ytvolfirjv, ta Kvgs, aol y dv Irt noxi do^aifit" 

Jlgog xavxa 6 Kvgog tins xolg nagovaiV **'0 fiiv arriQ 
xoiavxa fiiv mnottixt, xotavxa Si Xiyu * Vfimv di aif ng^ 
tog, w KXiagxh dnotfi^vai yvta^riv, o xi aoi doxBi" KXiag* 



22 SENO^SINTOZ [BtS. A\ 

jljoq SielnBtdd$' " JSvfiflovliv» iyta, tov ardffa fQVtQvJx- 
79od€»f noiH0&M ^ tdjgiam ' wq fitptirt (Ufi Tovror <pviat^ 
tead-ai, aXka tf/oAij tf, ^/ur, to mtTa tovtov Hvm, J9vg i&B" 
lovrag ipUovg totrtovg ev jroiHV. ** TavTfi M jjj yvuiftjj tipif 
*ai T0V9 SXlovg n^og^ia&m. Meva vai/ra, nfliyovi^g Kv-- ft 
^ov, ild/iona tiJ; f^uvijg jov *Of^6vxriv inl d-avdj^, anartcg 
iyaifTavitg xui ni avyjtveig^ ' tha di i^yov aiiop olg n^og- 
rtdxd-fi. *JEni\ di ulhv ainor otntQ Tt^oa&tw nqog%Kvvovi^, 
%al Tore TtQogtxvrtfaoPy %aln%q eldoTC^i or* inl S-eofdztf 
uyoiTO. 'Entl di tig t^v Idgrundta axfiv^v sigi^d-ti, tov !• 
9t(aTOTarov rtiv Kvi^ov axtinrovxw^, ftBta tavra oStb (wrta 
^OgonriVf oJStb tB&njitoTa oiditg nmnoxt udtv, ovd* outag 
ani&avtp oidtlg tt^vig iktyzv * iXnaiov d £Uoi aHutg ' to- 
(fog d* Qvdiig ntiaoTB aiwv- i<fdvti. 



KsfpdXaiov (^ 

^Svjivd-tv i^fXavvet dia trjg BaflvXtavlag OTa&fiovg r^slg i» 
naQaadyyag dta9exa, *Ev ds tixi rglif^ ara&fiw KvQog f^- 
xaaiy Ttoiiltai iwp 'EXXi^vuv xai rtSv (fagflaQtuv ir t^ Trsd/i^ 
nfgl fiiifug vvuxag^ idoxn yag, etg Ttjr iniovuatr foi ?|fAy 
PaaiXia avv t^ otQnxtvfittTi fiaxovfitvor * xal ixiXevB KXi- 
agxov fth TOV IHt^tov xigo^ rjyua&ai, Mivnva dk lov Bbt- 90 
TttXov tov svtavvfiov ' avrog ds toirg katnov diiTome, Msroi 
8s tijv i^itaaiv afjia rp imovaji r^fiiqa nvrifioXoi nagpL fis-- 
ydXov paoiXitag i^xovxtg inriyytlXov Kvgu ntgl rijg fiaat-^ 
Xitag ajgauag. Kvgog 9s avyxuXsimg xovg orgaxriyovg xal 
Xoxnyovg tiSv *JEXXifymr, awspovXsvsro rs, itwg Sp ttiv fiaxriv » 
noidiro, xai avTog- Tragjjpti d-u^vvtap totals " " ft dvdgsg 
"ElXriPsg, ovx apd-gtaitfap anog^v jiagfldgmp avfifitixovg vfiag 
ayoi, dXXot vofilS/av, dfitlviypag xat xgslrwovg noXXtiP (^g- 
pdgtop vfidg tipm, dia Tovto ngogiXafior. ^Onttg ovp 



K«9. {'•] KTPOr ANABASIS. 23 

XotadB at'dgig S^iot, trig iXev&egiag, ^g uixTtjodt, xal 
[vTii^] ^g vfiag iyat eidaifioriiti, Ev ykq Jiyre, on t^v 
4liv&sglay iXoifiiiv av avxl mv l/bi navt^v utu alluv noh- 
"kanXaaUiv, "Onmg de uat tiSfiKf €tg olov f^x^nd^s a/wva, 
« ^yoi V[iag tidiag dtdd^u. To fih /ag nlii&og nolXol, xal 
noXlrj xgavyfi iitiauip ' ar ds tavxa avaaxia^t, raHa xal 
aiax'^ea^al (loi, 8oxm oiovg r^fiuv yvtaaia&t xovg iv ij jtcJ- 
g(f ovxag avd-gtonovg. ^Tfuav is ulpHqq^p ortwv, xal tvrok^ 
fitav ysvofiivay, iyta vfi^y lov fih otxaSt flovXoftevov ami" 

10 vat jotg otxot ^ijilttiToi^ noii^ati ansl&tir ' noXXovg 6 ' olfiM 
7ioir,asiv ta nag ' ifAol Hia&ai arrt twv oVxot. " 

'jivrav&a rUvllttjg nagtav, qjvyag Sufitog, niatog di Kv~ 
901, lint * ** Kai fii^v, a> Kvqb, Xiyovai rivfg, on noXXa 
V7tiax*'jj yvVf dia to iv xoiovt^ Btvai rov xivSvvov ngogtov- 

16 tog' av y BV yivfixal «, ou fif^vija&al oi tpaaiy' enoi Si 
aid' fi fify,vi^6 re xal jiovXoio, dvvua&ai uv tinodovvai, oaa 
vmaxrfj. " 'Axovaac xnvia tXtl^fv 6 Kvgog ' " 'aX}! taxi (xiy 
^ffjitv, m ttrdgfc, ^ «(;;jf^ ^ nuigom, ngog ftev fifatjuftylav, 
fiixgig ov dia xuvfia ov dvrapiui olxslv [o(] ur&Qwnoi, ' 

SO 71^6? di ugxxop, fifXQ'^ "'OV 5i« x^ifiwvn ' xa d' iv fiiata 
xovxtav unnvxa aarguTifvovaiv oi xov ifdov adtXipov <plXoi. 
'^llv d' fifing fixifaoi/iev, r^fing 6ii xovg ^fitxigovg q)iXovg xou^ 
Twv iyxqaxtlg not^aai. "JlgxB ov xovxo didoixa, firi oix • 
Ei^cii o XL da kxd(jT(a xay (piXtoVt uv sv yiv^ixat, dXXd ju^ ovx 

s« f^fiti ixavovg olg dw, 'Tftoiv di xmv 'jUXi^vciv xal axig>avov 
kxdaxa xgvaovv doiato." Oi ds xavxa axovaavxsg avxoi xe 
ffoav noXv ngo&VfioxBgoif xal xolg aXXoig i^r^yyiXXoy. Eig^ 




JaoQsiMfyovxo 
fiaxBodaif aXX oth 



d* aix£ jtdartfg, Jodontfof ditXiyovxo, u^ 

omad-ev kavxoiv xaxxfa9ai.^Ev os xia xaigtf 
- -?*J >» .,- v«^./-. - '_ -^. 



tovxt^ KXiagxog tadi Titag ijgtxo Kvgov ' **OV£t yag aoi>. 



//-.^ i^C<r^J^ ^k/M A^U.4 



34 XEI^O0SlNTOJf [Bi^. A\ 

" itns^ yi Jagtlov xal naQvadtido^ iari naig, xa} ifiQg 
di idilipos, oix ifiaxd lavia iyi li^ifto/iai/* 

*£rtav&a dij. ip jfj i^onkiaUf aQi&fiog iyhno tup fiir 
'<-^'*^l JEkXiiyotv aonlg fivqla xal jtrgaxoala' ntXtaoTal di ft 

.'I*- OBxa fiVQiaoig, xat pgfiaja oqtnavrjffc^a ufixpi ta uxoai. 

7^y $s noXtfiifov iXiyovxo ilvai hnaxov xal tXxoai fivgiddfg, 
xal a^fAOTd d^t7iapfi<ip6(fa diaxoaia, KiilXoi di tioav k^a- 
xigxiliot IjtTtiigt wv ^J^fiayiqai^q r^gx^ ' ovvni di nQo av- lO 
xov paailimg xtiayfiivo^ tiaap. 7V>v di fiaaiXimg arga- 
TiVfiaxog fiaav o^jifoiTc; [xal argaxr^yol xal ^/f/uoi'c^] 
tittaQtg, xqiaxovxa (tVQidd^^if txaaxog, Idfigoxofiag, Tia~ 
aaiftgwig, Ihtfigvag, 'idgjidxrig, Tovxmv di nagfyivovxo 
ir tji lidxji iysy^xorta fivgiddtg, xal agfiaxa dgtiKaviitpoga lA 

^ '^^' " ixaxoy xal nsyx-^xorta' ^A/Sgoxofiag yag vaiigiias t^c ftd- 
X^g Vl^iQ^g nine, ix ^oivlxiig iXavyviv, Tatxa di iiyyf^ 
Xoy nQog Kvgoy oi avxofioXrioayxig ix xuy noXtfiloty naga 
fifydXov flaaiXiatg ngo xrig fidxr^g ' xal fuxa T17V fidxfiy, oX 
vaxtqov (Xr^tpd^riaay twv noXffiUay, xavxa ij/yslXoy. *jtV- 90 
T6V&iv di Kvgog i$tXavvBi oxad-fioy Vva nagaadyyag XQflg 
awrexayfjiiva x^ oxQoxBVfjiaTi, navxl xal toi ^EXXriyixuj xal 
1^ fiaQfia^ix^ ' ipCTO yuQ tavxri r^ Vf^igo^ fiaxfi^ad^at fiaaiXsa ' 
xona ydq fiiaoy xov axa&fwy xovxoy xd<pgog r^y igvxxri fla^ 
, ' X S^tia, to fiiy Bvgog ogyvutl nivxt, x6 di fiddog ogyvial Sf 

rgsig, UagBxixaxo di { rd^gog avta dia xov Jssdlov inl 

• *' ' "^*iai3«xa nagaadyyag fiixQt tov Mi^dlag xtixovg. ^Evd^a dr^ 
ilaty al di(6gvxfg ano xov Tlygv^xog noxafiov (iovaai * dal 
di xixxagtg, x6 ftiy (vgog nXt&gialai, /kt&dai di iax^'gwgt 
xul TiXdia nXil iy avxalg aixayaiyd' elgfidXXovai di fig xor ao 
f Evq>QdTfiy, diaXnnovat di kxdaxri nagaadyytiVy yi<pvQaL di 
^ tnuaiy* Hv di nag avxov xoy Ei<pgdxriv ndqodog axtyi^ 
ufja^v xov noxufiov xal rijg rdipgov, ig ttxoai nodap to 



^.t'^^.J ir.,^^, ri^-A i\lxi 



Ik^ax^Jl; r.f^i^-jpt^v^'j^^ 



iCty. V.l KTPOT ANABAIIS. 25 

tvqog, TavTfjv de TrjV tafpqov j3aaiXiifg fiiyag notu avii 
iqvfAttTOs, iuBidij nvv&avixai Kvffov nQogilavvovra. Tav~ 
tfiv Tfiv Tioi^odov Kvffog t£ xal r^ oiqaxia 7tu(fijXde, xai 
iyivovxo eJ'tfw tr^g jatpgov.' Jftv^nmer ovv rjj ri^ii^a ovk 
ft ifiaxiaaio fiaadsvg, all* VTioxfagoyQuv tpavtqa ifOap xal 
'innmy xal av&Qtanav txyrj nokXd, 'Ertavd-a Kvgog, 2t^ 
Xavoy naXiaag, tov ^ji/iligaxKaTriv, fidmv, tSmxev aiiu du" 
QSixovg TQicxdiovg, oti jjj hdixdrtj an ixUftig Tijg ^/iSQag 
ngoxtgov S-vofitvog univ aiia, oxi " fiaaiXBvg ov fiaxsliai 
10 dixa ^fitg^v '" KvQog d^ tlnsr, " Oux aga %xi fiaxiixah 
H firi ip xavxuig xaig rmiqaig fAaxHxai' day d' aXij&ivajjg, 
vniaxvovfAoi aot dixa xdXavxa, " Tovxo x6 ;|f^i'(f/oy Tore 
anidtoxty, intl nagrjX&oy al dixa r^ijtigni. *£nil d^ inl xjj 
xdq)Q{^ ovx ixtaXvt (SaaiXfvg ry Kvgov axodxivfia diadalyHx 

lA idoU not KvQf^ xal xolg uXXoig dnf^A^vai\Tov*'*'u(xx^ 
a&at' wgxB xjj vaxigaict Kvgog inoqivixo riix t^iiil f^S^'itm 
Xoy, Tfj ds xqixji ini X8 xov agfiaxog xa&i^fievog xr,v tto- 
qtiav inotfiTOf xal oXiyoug iv xd^i fX^^ ^9<* avxov' to 
di TtoXv avt^ avaxBxaQa/fiivoy inoQsvfxOf xal xijv onXtav 

90 xoiig axgaxiwxaig nolXa inl dfia^ay xal vnoivyliay ijyBxo, . 

KsqidXaiov rf. 

Kal ^dfi XE r^v ifiqii ayogdv nXi^&ovacty, xal nXtjaiov t^v 
o axa&fiog, Bv&a BfisXXs xaxaXvaiiv, ^yixa JIaxayvag, avrig 
nigQ-ng, xuiv afopl Kvgoy niaxmv, ngoq)aly£xai iXavveay dva 
xgdxog idgovvxi x^ %nJt(^' xal BV&vg ndaiv, olg iyBXvyxa- 

36 viv, ifioa xal j3ag^agixwg xal '£XXi]yixwg, oxi fiaatXivg 
[avy] axgaxBVfiaxi noXXia ixgogigx^'^oii, ag Big fidxriy nagt^ 
axBvaafiirog, *'Mvda drj noXvg xngaxog iyiytxo' uvxixa 
yug idoxovr ol "nXXrivBg xal ndvxtg di, atdxxoig utptaiy ini^ 
nBOBta&ai. Kal Kvgog xb xaxanrfirioag ano xov agfiaxog 

to xov &(6gcuia iyidv, xal avafidg inl xoy innov, xa naXxa tig 



26 SENO^imros [Bi6.A\ 

tag /cTfOf tUtfi^, xftlq tc SlXmq naa^ na^riyy$kXw i^onXl- 
ita&ai, xal xa&laraa&ai tig tjiv iavrov raiiv Hnaaxov. **£¥- 
&a dri avy noXXj anovd^ xa&linarro, KliaQZog fiiv ta 
dsUa Tov xigaxog f^wr, nQog r^ Ewpgarfi nowafi^, ITffoU- . 

pog de ixofuvog ' oi 9* aXloi fitta tovTor, Mivnp di xal • 
TO ar^duvfia to tviorvfior xt^ag tlxB rov *£XXfirtxcv. Tot 
di (ia^fia(fi.xov iTiniig flip Hafplayoptg dg z^ovg na^ Kli^ 
aqx^p taraaop h t^ df{<a»» xul to 'EkXtfPixop neXttxarixip ' 
ip di T^ tvapvfi^ 'Agialog t< o Kvqov vnaqxog xal to alio 
fla(ffiaQix6v. Kv^og di xat imtiig /tcT* avzuv oaop i^axO" M I 

otoi funhofiipoi ^m^aSt fih avtol xai nai^tt^qiotoig xal ! 

x^dpiat ndpTtg, nXrfv Kyg^t liigoct'di ^jiOT iX^tp tijv I 

xttpaXriP tig jtfp fidxrjP itamaTaTO. ^tytja^/ di xal toiig \ 

c^ovg JIsQuag ^f/iXalg ralg xtipaXalg ip r^ ^oXejuai diaxtp- | 

^^^^^ouinVHP, Oi 9* Xmtoi anapttg, ol fierd Kvqov, tt/op xat W | 

*^f-x*JU' n(fOfitTOimdia xai ngoqrBgpldta ' bI^op dsjtai ftaxafgag oi j 

: ^f / ftfttipElXfiPixdg. ^^* V / " * ^ v ^ C4^ UOMtA 

/ " Kai ffOri T< TIP fitaov rifisgag, xai ovnm xata<paptig rjaap 

oi noXifiioi' r^plxa ds dtlXij iyipito, iqtdpti xopiogjog, mgnrg 
PBtpiXfi Xsvxi^, XQ^^V ^^ ^^ avxp^ vouqop, Jignti) utXoMla » 



^C I fig ^ Tw ntdlm ininoXv. "Ore ds fyyvuQOP i/l^^o, Ta- 
^J^//^J Xtt dfi xal /«lxo^ Tig iioTQame, xal ai Xoyx"* «<«{ 9* /'^^ff t y /*- 
xaxaapaptig iylYPOPTO. Kai ijaap ntnttg fisp X^vxo&otQaxtg 
inl rov fiwrv'uov tfip noXfulwx ' TiaaawipPfif iXiytro tov- 
Ttop aQX^t^ fxofisvoi d[_2V^^Kj yfioo^oQoi • ixofispoi oe «ft 
As* /^ inXixai, ovp nodiigtai ivJupaig aantaip * Aiyvnnoi [(J«] ov- 
/,i^ TO* iXiyoPTO tipai' aXXoi d' inntig, nXXoi^o^tai, ndp^ 
'^ TC^ [ds] ovTOi xara t&vjj, ip jtAaiatia nXrigsi ap&gwn^tw 

txaaxop TO tdyog inoQSVsro. IIqo d avriur agfiara diet- 
Xsinopja ovxpop an* dXXijXnPf ra dgsnapriipoga xaXov^upfilJ^ 
(Ixop ds xd dqsTtava ix xmp dlopmp sig nXdyiop aiuixsxa^ 
fispa, xal vno xolg dkpgoig tig yijp fiXinoPxa, ig diaxo^i^^^^ 
" nxsip, oxtfi ipxvyxdpoitp. *H ds ypta^ifi tip, ig tig xdg xd^tf 






Key. V'] J KTPOT ANABA212. 27 

tbiv £U.i]Vtav i).(ovT(ov xal Oiaxoipoyrfav, (iivioi Kvgog 
HTtiv, ore xaXiisag TtagtxiXsvexo rolg "ElXrjai, jr^v xgavyrjy 

txkla aiytj wg oofvarov/xai, riav^fj sv t ata xai pgaosoi g ii^og- jf^ 

6 T^saav, Kal iv tovt(o , Kvgog, TtugtXavvtav avjog avv I2i- 
ygr^Th Tw kgfirjvei, ical akXoig tgialv ^ TstTagai, t0 KXtdg- 
Xto ifloa, aysiv to aigatsvfia xexia fiiaov to twv noXefiUov, 
OIL ixsl PamXivg tXri ' " xav tovto," 6q>Tj, ** vixcafisv, Tiavd-' 
rifiiv nsJiolrjraiJ* 'Ogcjv ds o KXictgxog to fiiaov atlipog, 

10 xal axovfov Kvgov^^ aira rov IeXXi^vixov svoivvfiov fia- 
oiXia, (tooovtov yag n^JjWst n^^fpaaiXsvg, Sgtf fuaov to 
iavTov B^oiV rov Kvgoi) evmrVfiov iita r^v) aXX^ ofxtag o 
KXiagxog ovx ^d'eXBv aitoanaaat ano tov norafiov to ^«- 
^lov xigag, fpopovfitvog, firj xvxXto&sltj kxattgto&ey ' t^ H^ 

15 Kvg(ff amxgivurot on amm fisXoi, oTttog xaXolg yfoi. 

KjjL Cfh^^ ^"^ ^^ TOVTO) T^ xaig^ to ftiv /iagfiagixotf atgatevfict 

i^rh^ ^l*"i^£-^Sjgofiei • to $i 'J^XXtivixov, m iv t^ avx^ fiivov, 

« avycTCfTTCTO ix tdtv tti ngogiortfav, Kal 6 Kvgog nagsXav^ 

'^ vav ov ndvv ngog auTw tw atgatsvfiati, xatB&eato ixati^ 

SO gtaoB anojSXintav eig tovg noXtfuovg xal tovg <plXovg. 'idav 
di avTOV ano tov EXXtjvixov .Zsvog)Otiv A&rjvalogy VTisXdaag 
tag awavt^aai, rjgsto, st Tt nagayyiXXoi' 6 d^ inimr^aag 
tins, xal Xiytiv ixiXevs naatv, on ta Uga xal ta a<pnyia xa- 
Xd [«?!?]. Tavta di Xiytav, ^ogvflov ijxvoas dia tav td^satv 

» torro;, xal ijgsio, tig 6 d^ogv^og «*ij. *0 dk SBvoq>tav slnBV, ot» 
TO avv&figia nagigxBtai dsvtsgov ^dtj, Kal og i&avfiaas, tig 
nagayyiXXUf xal ijgBto, o Tt xal tirj to avv&tjfia, *0 Si 
ansxglvato, oti ZET2 2SITHP KAI NIKH. 'O di Kvgog' 
axovaag, "\4XXa dixofial tc, " t<prj, " xal tovio sotoi. " TTkv- 

«0 Ta di tlntav, tig trjv kavtov /oJ^ay dni^Xavvs * xal ovxiti 
tgla fj tittaga atddia antixdtriv tat qxiXayys an ' dXXi^Xmv, 
r^vlxa inaidvtiov te oi "EXXrivtg, xal ijgxovto avtloi livai 
tolg noX((iioig. 'Slg di nogsvofUvonv iUxvfiaivi tt tijg (pd^ 



28 SENO JUNTOS [BtS. A \ 

Xayyog, to iniXunofKrov ijg^TO dgofia ^sit' xai Sfia 
irp&iyluvTo nuvjtg, oiov niff r^ ^EvvaUt^ iXtkliovai, leal 
ndyitg di t&iov. jiiyovai di Ting, wg xal raig acnlat 
ngog ra doQaia idovTirfaay, (pofioy noiovvttg idiq innoig. 
UffU ds ToUvfin i^ixvila&at, ixMvovaiv ol ^aqpagoi xal • 
(fivyovai* Kal ivjavOa dri idliaxov /liy xona x^dtog oi 
"EklrfVtg, ij36uiv Si aXli^Xoig, fjiti deir dQOfua, alii iv Ta|ct 
t-jtiadai, Ta Ss ayfiara ifpiqtTO ta fih d! avxwp Tuy no- 
Xtfitbiv, Toc di xal dia tuv ^JiXXrlvaty, xcya ijvio/o»y. Ol di 
iiiil TiQoidouy dii'aTayxo' tau di ogug xal xauXii^&ij, 10 
olgjitq iy ImiodQOfjioj, ixnXaydg ' xal oidiy /liyroi ovdi 
lovTov na^Eiy itpaaay' oidi alXog di rwy ^JiXXi^yuy iy 
javrrj jtj fiuxjl tna&ty oidilg ovdiy, nXiiv inl r^ fifayvfAiff 
teUv&Tjyal rig iXiyixo. 

KvQog di o^wv Tovg "EXXijyag vixurtag to xa^ avrovg W 
xal ditaxovjag, '^dofiBvog xal TKQogxvyovutyog ijdrj wg fiaai^ 
Xtvg V7i6 IMV ttfitp aVTOv, ovd' £g i^^&ri diuxtiy' aXXa 
avvfanH^afiiyfiy ^wr t^v raiy avv havra k^axoaltay iTtniwy 
Tci^iv, inffitXuTOt o xi non^asi fiaaiXevg. Kal yag jldn av- 
toy on fiiaoy txo^ xov Jltgaixov axgaxivfAaxog. Kal ndy^ 90 
%ig di ol Tuty paQpaqtav agxo*rtg, (liaoy tx^vjeg JO'ttviciy 
^yovvxat, vofil^oyxfg, ovxcag xal iv aaq>aXeaxdxt^ tlrah i^v 
fi lo^vg avxmv kxaxigtod^ty y, xal it n nagayyuXai, XQjj~ 
l^oi(y, rifilaii ay jlf^orq) aloddyia&ai to axgaxivfia. Kal 
fiaaiXd'g d^ totc fiiaov ^ur jtlg kavxov axgaxidg, ofitag M 
t^w iyivtxo Tov Kvgov ti(uyvfiov xigaxog, *Mnsl di oidilg 
avTto ifidxixo ix xov ivavxlov, oidi xolg aixov xixayfiivotg 
i/ingoa&iv, ^Txixafjnrxiy eag tig xvxXtaaiy, ^Ey&a d^ Kvgog 
dilaag, ju^ oitia&sy yivofiivog xaxaxoipu to ^EXXr^ixoy, i- 
Xavpii avxiog ' xal ifijiaXav avy xdig k}^axoaloig, vtxa rovg SO 
Ttgo paaiXioig xixayfiivovg, xal ilg (pvytjv ixgtips tovg i^a- 
xigxiXiovg ' xal anoxxtlyui Xiyttat avxog tjj kavtov j(fec^2 
'AgxayigoTiV, toy agxoyta avxuy. 



Kt<p, y.] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 29 

V2^ 6i ^ T^oTTiJ iyivno, diaanBlgovrai koi oi Kvqov 
eiaxoaioi, ilg to di(oxHv ogfuiaansg * TrAr^y Tran; oll/oi 
cifKp avToi^ xaTBXtiq>d-riaav, ax^^ov ol ofiotQantSot xaXovgis^ 
vol. 2hv TOVTOtg di mv, xa&oga jSaavlia xal to ifup ixil- 
6 vov auq>og * xal ivdvg oix r/ft'ojftTo, «AA' sinwv, " *0^oi 
Toy avdqa/* ttto in avroV xal nalu xaxa to aiiqvov, 
xal rvTQuaxei dia jov &toqaxog, tig <priai> Krijalag, 6 iaiqog, 
xal iaa&at avrog to TQavfid (ptjai, Ilaiovxa 6* aviov a- 
xovxiiu tig naXria vno rov oipd^aXfiov ^lalotg ' xal ivtav&a 

10 fjinjKOfifvoi xal (SaaiXivg xal Kvgog, xal oi a(jiq> avrovg 
vniQ kxajigfav, onoaoi fiiv jmv a(iq)l ^aaiXia aTtid-vtjaxoy, 
Kxifioiag Xiyti • 7ttt() ixtlvm ya(f ^v * Kvgog di avrog t« 
uni&avB, xal oxtcj oi agiaxoi rmv ntgl avxov txfivro in^ 
avTot, AgtanaTrfg di, 6 Ttunojaxog avrm twv axrfmov^fav 

1ft ^fgdnoiVt Xi/fxai, iitsidrf fids nsnxaxoxa Kvgor, xaxaTtijdi^^ 
aag ano xov 'iTrnov ntgimaHV avxa, Kal oi /iiv <paai, 
PaaiXia xfXivaal xiva iniafpd^ai avxov Kvga * oi di, lav- 
xov i7iiaq>(x^aa&ai, annadfitvov xov uxivdxriv' itjis ydg 
Xgvaovv ' xal axgfiixov dk itpogu xal tpikXia xal xa uXXa, 

10 wgntg oi agiaxoi tojv JlfgatHv * ixtxlfjii,xo yag vno Kvgov 
di tvvotdv T& xa* TriaTOTijTa. 



Keq>dXaiov &\ 

Kvgog fisv ow ovxatg ixtXtvxrjaiv, dvrig mv Iltga&v juv 
fiixa Kvgov xov agxaiov ytvofiivmv (kiaiXixmaxog xe xal 
dgxtiv a^ifoxaxog, wff nagd ndvxmv ofioXoyslxai xwv Kvgov 
tt doxovvtoiv iv ndga ytvia&ai, JIgaxov fiiv ydg nalg m 
trv, oTC inaidevtxo xal avv x^ ddtX(po) xal avv xdig aXXoif 
naiai, ndvxutv ndvxa xgdxiatog ivofilisxo, Jidvxsg ydg oi 
tuiv dgiaxoiv Ilfgaoiv naidfg inl xalg fiaaiXiag S^vgaig na^^ 
devovxai * h&a noXX^v ftsv atotpgoavvtiv xaxaiAa&oi Sp tit, 
3» 



30 SENO0JINTO2 [Bt6,^\ 

alaxgov d' ovdh ovts ixovaah ovi idiU^ iatL Owvrai d* 

oi itaidtg nai xovq tifKafiivovg vno * fluaiXitag xal aklovg 

lufittiofiiyovg ' ugj tvdvg naidfg ortig fiay^avovair agx^'y 

8 xul a(fX(od-ni. *'jiv&a KvQog aldtifiovioTarog fiiv nfftaiop 

ay ^Xixibituv idoxH tlvai, to7g re nQiaSvxiqoig xal xdv kav- 6 

iov vnoduari^my fiaHor nd&ia&at' knuta di ipiXinno- 

:aTog, xul toig Xnnoig u^iaxa XQV^^"*" *^'x^<''ov d^ iviov 

tbil ray dg top nolifioy tftyiav, toIix^? tc xal axonlonog, 

piXofia&iinaiov tlvai xal ittXrniqoxaxov. ^Enil di xfj ffXi- 

xla tTfQtns, xal q>iXo&TiQ6xaxpg tjv, xal ngog xa ^riqia fiiv-' 10 

xoi q>iXoxivdvy6xaxog» Kal a^xxov noxi initpiQOftivr^y ovx 

exQfoeVf aXXa avfjintamv xaxtanda&ri ano xov inn'ov' xal 

xa fiiv ina&tv, toy xal xag dxBiXag q>avsQag it/t, xiXog di 

xaxixavs ' xal xov tiqwxov fiiviOL flori&ilaayxa noXXoig (jia- 

xaqiaxov tlvai inoitjafv. 16 

^Mnel de xaxtTxifjuf&ri vno xov naxQog aaxQanrjg jivdlag 
XB xal fVqvylag xr^g fitydXrig xal Kannadoxiagt axQarr^/og 
di xal ndvxmv antdflx&rj, oig xa&tjxsi lig JKaaxaXov nt^ 
dlov adgol^ia&ai, nqmioy fiiv iTtidei^ty avxov, oxi ttbqI 
nXelaxov noioXiOt tV xm anUoaixo, xal tV t^ avvd-oixo, xal 20 
iX Tqj vnoaxoixo xt, firjdsv ipsvdsa&ai, Kal ydg ovv ini- 
axsvov niv avx^ al noktig inixqino^fvai, inlaxsvoy d oi 
avdgfg ' xal iV xig noXifiiog eyivixo, ontianfiivov Kvqov, 
sTilaxfvSj firfiiv av nagd xdg anoidag na&ely, Toiyagovv 
ind Tiaaa(piQVSt inoXifAr^ae, ndoai al itoXeig ixovaai Kv~ 26 
gov BiXovxo dyxl Tiaaa<pigvovg, nXr^v MiXr^olfav' ovxoi di, 
St* ovx ij&fXe xovg - q>svyovxag ngoia&ai, iq>ojSovvxo avxov, 
Kal yag tgyta imddxvvxo, xal eXfysv, oxi ovx av Tioxf ngo^ 
olxo, ind aJta^ avxoig <plXog iyivtxo, ovd* d ixi fiiv fid- 
ovg yivoivxo, lit $i xal xdxiov ngd^siav, ^avsgog d tfV, 30 
xal iV xig XI aya&ov ij xaxov noir^aiuv avxov, vixdv nsi- 
gwfjtivog' xai evxtjv di xivfg avxov i^iq>fgov, wg ev^oixo, 
xoaovxov XQOvov i^v, egxs vix(^ti xal xoifg iv xal xoifg xa-- 



Ki(p. &\] KTPOT ANABA212. 31 

x(u^ noiovviag aXf^ofitvog. Koil yag ovv nXshnoi dii av^ 
Tft», kvl /« avdgi, j^v i<p '^fiwv int&vfiriaav xul XQW^^^ 
%a\ noXuq not tot havx^v afafiaxa ngoio&au 

Ov fih dif olfdi rovi av rig d'jioi, ag rovg xaxovg/ovg 

B xal adixovg d'a xaxnyiXaVf akX a<ptidiGxaxa navxtav iTt/iio- 
QHxo. llokXdxig d' r^v idtiv mxito, tag axijiofjuvug odovg xal 
Jiodiav xal /«£^a»y xal 6q)d^aXfiwy axsgovfAtvovg av&Qianovg ' 
ugxs iv jjj Kvgov agxji ^yivhxo xal "ElXtivi xal fiagPagto, 
fifidh adixovvxi, adtwg nogtvta&at, ottoi xig tJO^Ubv^ ix^vxi 

1} o Ti Jigoxfogoiti. Tovg ys fiinoi aya&ovg tig noXffiov (Ofi<h- 
Xoyrjxo diatpfgovxcag rifiay. Kal ngatTov fiiv t^v avxw no- 
Xffiog ngog Iluaidag xal Mvaovg' axgaxivofiEvog ovv xal 
avtog fig xavxag xag x^^^?* <'^? imga d&iXovxag xivdwtv- 
Eiv, tovxovg xal agzovxag inoisi, i}^ xaxtaxgiipBxo X^Q^9* 

16 XnBixa de xal aXXoig dtagoig tilfia ' wgxs <pulyea&ai xoifg 
fiiv aya&oiig, tvdatfjtovtajaTovg, rovg t^i xaxovg, dovXovg 
Tovxfov ahovv elvai, Totyagovv noXXrj tfv aq>&ovla avx^ 
t^v i&sXovxwv xivdwtveir, onov xig oVoixo Kvgov aiox^r^- 
ata&au 

•0 JjiVg ye fitiv dixaioavvfiv tV tig avxw (pavegog yivoixo im- 
ddxvvadai, fioyXofitvoCt ntgl navxog inoitixo tovxovg nXov^ 
aitoxigovg noitiv xa>v ix tov adixov qtiXoxtgdovvttav, Kal 
yag ovv uXXa ts noXXu dixalcag arrw difxnglStto, x(rl orga^ 
tiVfiaxi aXri&tVM ixgijoaxo, Kal yag oxgaxijyol xal Xoxa- 

25 yol ov ;|f^i7^arct)v i'vixa ngog ixHvov tnXfvaav, aXX ' dnil 
lyvuaav xfgdaXimtgov sivat, Kvgto xaXiag nsi&agxuv, fj 
to xaxa fiTjva xigdog. AXXa fitiv il xig yd tt avxm ngog^ 
ta^avti xaXoig VTirjgsti^ausv, ovdtvl ncinots axagiaxov tVaat 
t^v Ttgo&vfilav. Toiyagovv xgdxiatoi dri inngdxai navtog 

•0 igyov Kvgo) dXax^rioav yfvda&ai. El dd tiva ogonj dsivop 
ovta oixovofAOV dx tov dixaiov, xal xmaaxevdl^ovxd re, i^g 
agxoi X^9^f* '^''^ Jxgogodovg noiovvxa, ovddra av ntunoxM 
aq>ilX£to, iXXa xal atl xXiim ngogiSidov' £gta xal r/J«av 



32 SJmO0SlNTO2 [BiB.A\ 

inovoWy xflu S^affaldwg ixtHrto, xal a ninato ctv rtg, 
ifxiaia KvQOP iMQvmtr' oi ya^ ip&ovwf to<c ^errf^g 
nlovTouaiP iipeUriJO, alXa nti^fitvcg /^{a^ai tolf rwr 
VTtoxQVJnoiiiymp /^ijuaai. 0llovg ye ftrfw oaovg 9roiifaetiT0y 
xal tvyovg y^ol^ orrag, xa} htavovg xf^ivut awf^yovg tl- i 
vai, o Ti TV//ayci fiovlofiei^ xari^yaifa&ai, ojjtokoyuxai 
n(f6g narmp x^auarog drj yiria&eu ^t^antvtip. Kal yaq 
aifiQ TOVTOy ovntQ avtog irtxa ipiXnp ipcro diia&ai, ttg aif- 
vf(fyoifg tjgoh xai ttitog initio owi^ybg loig iplXotg x^ 
junog tirtu rovtov, otov txamov ala&uvono int&vfiowTa, M 

JSqo di nWUna /up, olfiah tig yi iviiq iSp iXdftPope dia 
TioXXa ' tavta 9i napTotp drf ftaXiaxa %oig <pikotg diididov, 
Tt^og Tovg rgonovg kxaarov axonw^ xal otov fialtaja ogtati 
txaaxop dtofjupop. Kal oaa tc^ atafiaxi avjov xoofiop ni/A- 
not Ttg ti tog ilg nolffiop ^ mg tig xodXatntafioP, xal ntgl U 
rovToiP Xiyup axnop iipaaap, oti to fih kavrov aiafia ovx 
av dvpaiTO TOVTOig naai xoafitjaai, q>iXovg ds xaXwg xcxo- 
Ofirifiipovg fiiyiarop xoafiop avdgl pofiiiou Kal to fiiv tu 
fitytila pixaw tovg tplkovg tv noiovpra, ovdip ^avfiatnop, 
intidti ys xal dvpamixfffog tjp ' to di rjj inifAfXna nfQul- 90 
pai rwp q>lXmp, xal tu 7iQ0&VfiHad^ai> x^QK^^^^h TorvTa 
fiaXXop tfwiye doxii ayaara fipai. KvQog yag titffiite ftl- 
xovg ofpov ^fuditig noXXdxig, onots ndpv ^difp Xafioi, Xi- 
ymp, *6n " ovnw 8ii noXXov xqopov xovtov ijdlopt olV^ inir- 
Tvxoi ' xovTOP ovp aot tTKffuffSf xal duxal aov, rovrop ix- 95 
nulp XTififQOP avp olg fidXiaxa q>iXHg. " IloXXdxtg ds XV^^S 
rifitflQtaxovg entfins, xal aQXfOP ^filata, 'xal aXXa xoiavxa, 
imXiynp xfXtvmp xop ipigopxa' "Tovxoig tja&Tj Kvgog ' ffov- 
Xfxai OVP xal ai xovxiop ysvaaa&ai" "Onov di x^^og anar 
piog Ttdpv ttri, avxog d* iSvpaxo nagaaftivdaaa&ai dta xo M 
nolXovg sx^ip vnijQixag, xal did xtfp inifiiXtiaVf dianifinoup 
ixiXevi xovg (ptXovg, xolg xd lavxwf atafiaxa ayovaip Iji- 
noig i/ApdXXup xovxop xop x*'^> ^9 l*V nup^rtig xovg ^ 



KB<p. I '.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 33 

avTov q)lXovg Sy(oaiv. El di dij tiots nogsvono, xal nXu- 
atot fiiXXouv oiffsa&ai, TiQogxaX^v xovg q>lXovg ianovdaio^ 
Xoytlxo, wg drjXolr}, ovg ttfia' (hgrs eyotys, i^ atv axovu, 
ovdira xqIv(o vno nXnovtuv 7tfq>iXTfa&ai ovit *J£XXr,v(ar, ov^ 

ft Tt fiag^qQiav, Texfi'^Qiov 5i jovtov xal rods ' naqa fihv 
KvQOVf dovXov ovTog, ovdilg an^et ngog fiaaiXia' nXf\v 
'Oqovxag inf^flgijas ' xal ovTog di, ov wsto niarov ol tl- 
vat, raxv aviov evQS Kvq(o (piXalisqov, ij kavioi ' naga 
ds paaiXitog noXXol nqog Kvqov anijX&ov, iml noXifiiot 

10 aXXi^Xoig iyivovjo, xal ovTot fAsvioi oi fidXiara vn* avTov 
ayuTiMfiBvoij vofiliotrtg, naga Kvqta ovrtg aya&ol aJ^itoti- 
gag av Ttfjtrjg xvyx^veiv ^ naga fiaaiXti. Miya di rix/n^" 
giov xal to iv jjj ttXsvT^ tov ^iov avi^ ytpofuvov, oTt 
xal avTog ijv a/a&og, xal xglvuv og&Jig idvvaro tovg 

16 niaxovg xal ivvovg xal fifftalovg. \4no&vr^axovxog yag «v- 
Tov, ndvug oi nag* aiiov q}iXoi xal avvrgdnfj^oi, ixaxoii^-' 
vol, anid^avov vnig Kvgop, nXtjv ^AgiaioV ovxog di t€- 
tayfiivog itvyxavsv inl tw c^oii'V/id), tov Innixov agx^V 
ag d' jja&sro Kvgov nsnitaxoia, i<pvy(v, ^tuy xal to atgd^ 

M ttviia ndv, ov '^ytlto. 



Ke(pdkaiov i'. 

*£rrav&a Srf Kvgov dnotifivstai ^ xapaX^ xal x^^Q V 
dthd. BaaiXevg di xal ol avv aviot duoxoup tignlTttst 
tig to Kvguov atgatonedoV xal ol ^iv fista Agialov oV" 
xiti, Xatavtat, aXXd (pevyovai, dia tov aurcuv atgatonidov 
9it tig tov ata&fiov, tvdhv (agfirjvto' tsttagtg di iXiyovto 
nagaadyyai trjg odov ilvat* BaaiXtvg di xal ol avv av- 
tb) td te- aXXa noXXa diagndiovai, xal ttiv \^*(axatda tijv 
Kvgov naXXaxlda, tiiv ooq>riv xal xaXriv Xfyofiivtjv tlvai, 
XanPdvti, Vf di MiXriola, ^ vttatiga, Xijip&tiaa vno tCiV 



34 SENO^RHrrOS [BtB. A\ 

ififfl (iaaiXia, ixqtfvyu yvfiv^ TtQog juv 'EUtiymy, o» em- 
Xov iv Toiq axtvofpof^otg cnla fx^vrtg, nal avnjax&irttg, 
noHovg fiiv Tcuf (x^7ir/{o»Ta>y anixruvav, ol di xal avtwr 
inidixvov' ov gitiv tq>vy6p yt, aXXa xal ravrriP laatactv, 
xai Tfx aU.a, onoaa ivxhg aixCiv xal j|f^?//iaTa xal av&ffOh- • 
not iyivovxot narta tavtaav. *£vTav&a dUaxov aiUi^Xwy 
fiaaiXfvq t8 xnl ol "jiXXtivig wg tgiaxovta araSia, ol (ih 
ditJXovTtg Tvifg xaO-^ iavrovg, t^g ndvxag vixantg* ol ds 
igjidiovrtg, wj ijdti ndtrtig rixwvTfg, ^Entl di ^a&orto ol 
fiiv "iCXXrivig, ort fittaiXtifg avv ra axqaxivfiaTi iv roXg axev- i« 
' oifOQoig (Vrj, fiaadivg d av fjxovoB Tiaaa(f>i^ovg, ou ol 
"jiXXrjvfg vixMtv to xa&' kavrovg, xal tig to uqog&bv ot- 
XoivTO ditaxoneg, irtav&u dri ^aaiXivg fiiv adqoliH rovg 
kavjov, xal (nfndntTat' 6 di KXiag^og i/iovXcvBTO, Ilqo- 
^ivov xaXiaag {nXtiaiaiTarog yag t/v), il nifiTioUr uvag, ^ ift 
ndvng Vouy inl to aiqajonidov aqri^ovxtg^ 

*£v Tovr^ xai fiaaiXtvg ndXiv dijXog r,v nf^ogitat, wg ido^ . 
XH, onia&Bv' xal ol fiiv''EXXriy(g avarqatfivrfg naQioxtva- 
iovxot wg ravxri nqogiovrfg xal dt^fitvoi* o Si PaatXevg 
TavTtj (iiv oix riyiv, tj di nagfjX&sv, tjw zoi; tvwvvfiov xi- 20 
gaxogt xavxtj xal antjyayfy, avaXa^wy xal xovg iy jfj fiaxfl 
ngog xovg "MXXr^vag avxofjioXi^aavTag, xal TiauatpiQvriv, xal 
Toifg avv avrw, *0 ydg Tiaaaq>iqvrig iy xjj ngmrj awodm 
oix etpvyiv, alXa dii^Xaas naqd loy noxafiby xaxa xovg 
"EXXiivag niXxaaxdg ' dieXavvwv di xaxixavi fiiy oitdiva, dia- 99 
axdrxfg di ol "JiXXrivsg tnatov xal ^xoyrtjov avxovg ' *Eni- 
a^ivrig di *Afi<pinoXixfjg tjQXi twv ntXxaaxwv, xal iXiytxo 
q>Qdvifiog yfvta&at, *0 d ovy 7iaaaq)tQVfig wg fiHoy ex^^ 
intiXXdyf}, TidXty fiiv ovx avaaxgifpfi, tig di xo axgaxomdoy 
ag>ix6fiivog xo xwv 'EXXt^vwv, ixsi avrxvyxavBi PaaiXti, xa\ 80 
o/iOtJ dr] ndXiv avyxa^fjisvoi iixogsvoyxo, ^Entl d 'rjaar xa- 
xa xo svwvvfioy xwv 'EXXi^vwv xigag, tdfiaay oi ^EXXrivtg, ju{ 
ngogdyoup ngog to xigag, xal nfginxv^avxsg a/ifpoxigw&iif 



Kt<p.i.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 35 

amovg xaraxoiffftav ' ical idoxti avjoXg mfamvcanv to xc- 
qag, xal noiiiaaa&at onia&tp rov noTa/iov. Ev ^ dk xuxna 
ifiovXtvono, xal 8rj /iaatXtifg naffafisupdfitvog tig to uvto 
(fXV/*^ *oni<n'natv artlav t^v tpakayya, cignr^f to n^mov 

« (laxovfitvag aw^H, *Jlg 6k ddop oi "iiUiyvc^ iyyvg re orrag 
xal na^artta/fiivovg, av&ig nautvlaamg inj^iaav noXif rrx 
nQodvfioxtQov, fj TO JtQOO&er. Oi d^ av fiaqPagoi ovx ids-- 
XovTO, aU,* ix TtXdovog ij to nQoa&sv ttpivyov' ol d intdl^ 
Vixov /lixQi xoifiTig Tivog* ivrav&a ditaxriaav ol J^ijvc^* 

10 vniQ yaq xrig xoifirig yi^Xotpog ijy, i<p ov aviOTqanpiaav ot 
ttfifpl ^aiXia, TtfSol fikv ovxhi, iwv dk innioiv o Xog>og ire- 
TtXi^iidij, wgtB TO noiovfitvov fifi ytyvwaxfiv. Kal to (iaal- 
Xsiov arjfiHov ogav Btpaaav, aerov riva xgvaovv inl niXTtig 
avaTStttfiivov. 

15 *J£nil dk xal imav&a ix(i(f<»w oi "EXXfivtgj Xtlnovai dtj xal 
Toy X6(pov oilnnttg' ov fiinoi m a&Qooi, aXX aXXot uX- 
Xo&iv' ikpiXovjo d' 6 X6<pog rairinniuiv* tiXog dk xal nav- 
Ttg a7tfx(a(ffiaav, *0 ovv KXia^x^ ^^^ avtSiSaZey inl tov 
X6q>ov, aXX^ vno amov axr^aag to aiQattvfia, nifinn Avxiov 

SO TOV Svqaxovaiov xal aXXov inl rov Xoipov, xal xfXfVti, xart- 
dovrag ra vnfQ lov X6(pov, tl iaxi'v anayyiiXat. Kal o 
Avxiog rlXaas [tc] xal ida)V unayyiXXu, oti (ptvyovoiv ava 
xqaxog, J^tdov d ore tavia ijv, xal ^Xiog idvtTo. 'iii^ 
rav&a 5' tarTiaar ol "KXXtjvfg, xal &6fitvoi ra onXa aviTfav- 

SA ovTO * xal ana fikv i&avfiaiov, on ovdafiov KvQog q)alvoito, 
ovd aXXog an avtov ovddg nagiffSi, ' ov yag jjdfaav aiiov 
te&vijxoTa, aXX itxaiov, ^ dicixovrv oTxiO&ai, t} xaraXruf/o^ 
ftEvov Ti ngotXfiXaxivai ' xal airol iGovXtvorto, h txvjov 
fidvavug ra axfvoffoga ivxav^a ayotno, ^ anlouv inl to 

10 otgaTontdov, IHdo^fv ovv avrolg aniivai' xal a<pixvovvTai 
afjifpl dogmaiov inl rag axTfvdg, TavTr^g fikv ovv tJc W^- 
Qag XOVTO lo riXog iyivsTo, KaTaXixfiSdvovai dk xmv rs 
aXXnr XQW^''^^ ^^ nXuata diijQnaafiiva, xal bV ti aitlop rj 



36 KTPOT ANABASIS [Bi.6. A\ Ki<p. /. 

noTOP IIP ' xa2 rag OfidUig fitorag iXtvifViP ual otpov, ag na^ 
Qtaxwaaajo KvQog, IVcr, tt non aq>od^a XaSoi to arffato^ 
ntdov Bvdtia, dtadidolii totg ''EXXtiaiv' rfoav d* avxai, ig 
iliyoPTO, TtT^axoaiai a/iu^i ' nul tavtag tots ol oity fiaat^ 
Iti dnqgnaaap. "Jlgrt adnnpoi tioop oi nXilarot xw 'iul- • 
Xr^v^p* riaap 9i ual apu^iOTOi' nffvp yaq dif naraXvaai to 
atqativfta nQog aQiaxop, fiaaiXiifg ifpap^. TavniP flip ovr 
tilP pvxta oStw duyspopto* 



SENOOJiNTOH 

K T P O r AN AB A2EII 2 
BIBAION AETTEPON. 



K£(pdXaiov a\ 

''JIS fiiv ow i^&qolad^ii Kvqt^ to 'jEXkrivi^ov, 6nat8 inl 
xov aHilfpov 'AQza^ig^rjv iaT^atevsTO, xal oaa iv rji uvcd^. 
iTt^Mxxd^ri, x«* ^g 'q /itt/fl iyivBto, jtal cag Kvgog iTtXsvTijat, 
xal wg inl to ajqaxoiiidov iX&ovxtg ol "£XXijvtg ixoifn^&ijottv, 
6 oloiitvot 10, navza vixuv, xal Kvgov iijv, iv im ifjtngoa&BV 
Xu/ta didi^Xtorat. Afia di jjj tifJiign avvtX&ovjeg ol OTQatri^ 
yol i&avfiaiov, St* Kvgog ovis aXXov mfiTiot afjfictyovvra, 
o Ti XQV ^oiftv, ovx atnog (paivono. *!Edo$£V ovv avrolg, 
avaxsvaaafiivoig, a slxov, xal HonXtaafiivoig, jzgo'iivat iig 

10 TO ngoa&ev, tatg Kvgto av^^I^uav, *'Hdfj di iv ogfiy ovttov, 
ufA '^Xlto iviaxovTL -riXd^B IlgoxXrig, o Tsv&gavlag ag^tov, 
ysyovwg ano Jafiagdiov rov Aaxmyog, xal rXovg 6 Tafua, 
OvToi tXfyov, oTi Kvgog fiiv ji^vrixtv, Agiouog 8i Tre^n;- 
yoog iv tm axa&fib) tVfj fina twv aXXwv flagpdgiov, o&sv t^ 

15 Tigoifgala wgfiwvTO' xal Xiyoi, ot* " tavitiv fisv t^v ^fjiigav 
nigifitvUuv av aviovg, ii fiiXXoitv rixBiv ' rjj di aXXt) ami-' 
vat (palti inl ^Imviag, o^tvntg rjX&e.^* Tavxa dxovaavrtg ol- 
argoTTiyol xal ol aXXoi **EXXriVBg [7rw&av6fievoi\, fiagimg 
tiptgov, KXiagxog ds tads nntv ' ** AXX ^qxXs fiiv X&^«c 

so iijv ' inil de rBxtXevrrixsv, anayyiXXeie *Agiai^, ort ^fiilg 
4 



88 XENO0Sii!9m:sr [jSi^. b\ 

y9 ytx£fitw (htailia, xal, m^ ogait, ovdtig fifAiv bxi fiaxfrai* 
%al ii fiii Vfulg liX^nt, inoffivofit&a Sp inl fiaaiUa. 
'EnayytUofied-a di *AQiaUo, iav ir^tids Bk&ri, tig tiv ^^o- 
tov 109^ fiaaHtioT xat^lanv avtov ' tur ya(f T^y fioxv^ ^^' 
xwvtwp xai TO Sqxbip iorl" Tavta sinay inooriXlst roifg ft 
iyyilovg, xa* aw aimiig Xu^tHpop top jiaxuva, xal Mi- 
ptipa TOP BtTxalop * xal yag airof o Mipwp iflovUio ' ijp 
yag ipilog xal ^ipog U^ia/ov. « Oi fiBP o/otro, Kliagxog di 
ni^iifuipt, Tb di OT^dxiVfia inoqiitxo aixop^ onaq idv- 
PtttOt ix wp vnoCvylmp, xomoPTtf tovg fiovg xal opovg' lO 
tiloig d* ixifipTO, iiixf^p nQolopTtf aito Jtig (pdXayyog, ov ^ 
fidin iyiptxo, rdig t< oiaxolg, nolkoig ovaiP, ovg f^vdyxaloip 
o^ **EXk'HPtg impdXUiP xovg aito/ioXovptag na^a /iaailiag, 
xal Toig yi^fotg, xal taig ^vXipaig aanlai raig AiyvmUug * 
nolXal di xal niXxat, xal afia^at ^aop <piQto&ai> cipij/uoi * i« 
olg ndai XQ^f^^^ot, xqia Bif/opxeg rjaS'iop ixelpfip x^p tiiuqav, 
Kal ffin ra ijy ntf^l nXrj&ovaap ayogdp, xal lip;|fovTa» Tret- 
got paatXimg xal Tkaaatpigpovg x^gvxtg, oi fiip aXXoi, fldg- 
fiaqoi ' i^P di aixofp 0aXiPog tig "EXXrjP, og ixvyxapt naga 
T\aaa(piQPU £p, xai ipxlfmg (xb»p ' xal yaq nqoginoulxo M 
istiaxfjfiUP elpai xwp ifupl rag rdUig xs xal onXofiaxictp. 
Ovioi di ngogiXd^orxBg xt, xai xaXiaaPxtg xoifg xmp 'jSUi^- 
poiP tffiifoyra;, XiyovaiP, oxi *' flaadtvg xtUvii xovg''£XXfiPag, 
intl pix&p xvyxoPH, xal Kvqop ansxxope, nagadopxag xa 
OJiXa, lopxag inl xag fiaaiXiiag &VQag, svglaxsa^^at i^p t» 9f 
dvvtopxai aya&op." Tavxa flip elnop ol fiaaiXitog xr^^vxtg' 
oi di "EXXriveg paqitag flip ijxovaap, Ofi^ng 9i KXiagxof "^o- 
aovxop elniP, oxt *' oi xofp pmwxviv c2^ xa onXa nagaMo^ 
pai * aJlX, " tqni, " vfAtig f*BP, o) apdgtg axgaxtiyol, xovxoig 
anoxgiwaij&i, o xi xdXXioxop tc xal agiaxop ^ct< * iyu di erv- 90 
ilxa ^Son.'* ^fydUos ydq xig avxop x&p vnnfifnwp, onttg tdot 
tA iigi iinQfifiipa* bxvxb yjug S^vofispog, "Ep&u d^ ms- 
nglpoTO KUdpug fisp 6 Idgxdg, ngtafivxarog Sp, oxi '* n^ 



Key. a\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 89 

a^ev av ino&avouv, 19 tm eJtXa nagadoisv." Ugo^tPog di 
OriPaXoq, "liU* fyw," Hjpij, *'w ^ttXivB, ^avfiaiot, notsga cSj 
nqax^v paailwg aUu tu onXuy iq tog dia ^tUar dmga. JSl 
(ih yag ctg xgarav, tl ^ti aix^v ^tui^, ai£ iW latHiiv '&Jdiv^ 
s Ttt ; ti 6k ntUfog /fovXstm kafinv, Is/dttOf rl Eumi tolg ^rga- 
iimaig, iav avta ravia x^ig^otivtai" ITgog xavxa 0alivog 
tins, *' BaaiXsvg vinav riyiixai, intl Kvgov arnxxovB. Tig 
yag aifxa iaxiv ogxig agxtjg avxiitoiutai ^ NofilSsi, Si ual 
vfiag kavxov tivai, l^oav iv fisajj r^ iaxnov xwgttt xotl noxa- 
10 itMv ivxog aHiapdxmv ' xal nX^d-og iv&gtonwv i<p vfiag dv- 
vdfiBvog iyayilv, oaov, ovd d nagizot vfiv, dvvaiQxf Sp 
aTioxxslvai.^' 

Mbxu rovxov Otonofinog A&tivaiog tlnsv • " Jl iPaXtvfy 

vvv, ag av og^g, rifiv ovdsv clUo iaxlv itya^ov el firj onXa 

16 xal agsxri. Kal onXa fih ovv ^ovtc;, oiofiid^u av xal TJjf 

agBxfj XQV^^^''' imgadovxeg d* av xavta, xal ttiv ata^dxtav 

axigr^&ijivai. JWi} ovv oVov, xa fiova ^filv ayu&a 9vxa vftiv 

7taga8(oa£iv ' aXXa avv rovxoig xal ntgi xmv v/Atxegonv dya- 

■ ^wv (laxovfjtB&a,** ^Axovaag de xavxa ^aXUvog iyiXaat, 

SO xal HTtsv ' '* ^AXXd q>iXoa6<p(a fiiv eoixag, <u veavlaxs, xal 

Xiysig ovx axdgiaxa * Va&i (livxoi avotjxog oiv, ei oVh av 

xfiv vfisxigav agsxriv nsgiytvia&ai rijg fiautkmg dwdfite^J" 

*'AXXovg di xivag itpaaav Xiystv vnofiaXaxiSofiivovg, " tug xal 

' Kvgiff niaxol iyivovxo, xal paaiXii y* av noXXov alioi yi- 

95 voivxo, Bi fiovXoixo q>lXog yevia&a^ * xa* bVjb aXXo xi ^iXoi 

Xgij^&ixi, Bit iv AXywxov axgaxevetv, avyxaxaaxgi^aivx av 

^ avTM." *£v Toi^^ K«« KXiagxog ijxb, xal ^gwxrf^sv, el ^811 

^ dnoxBxgifiivoi bibv. ^aXlvog 6 vvoXapnv bIubv ' " Ovxoi 

fiiv, (» KXiagxB, aXXog SXXa Xiysi' av S* ^fitv tivi, xt XiyBig/* 

^ JO '0 d ' tiJiBv ' ** ^£y(a at, en ^aXlvB, aapuvog Ua^xa, clfiai Si 

^ xal oi aXXoi ndvxeg ovxoi ' av xb ydg ^ElXriv bi, xal ^fiBig, xo- 

^ aoifxoi ovxsgf oaovg (Tv og^g ' iv xoiovxoig Sb ovxsg ngdyfiaai 

^ 4jVfipovXBv6(U&d aoi>t xl xgrj noulv, Ttegl wv XiyBig. . Sv ovv, 

f 



40 SENO0JINTO2 [BiG. B.\ 

nqoq QmVr avfifiavltvcov rufiy, o xi aoL doxti udlXiaitov xai 
ttffiatov uvai,. xcct o aoi Ufir^y oVubi, il^ tov Xn^ra xn^oroy 
waXeyofiWOVy on <lfai2vog ttotc nsfKf&tig notga ^aodiug^ 
HtXivaetp lovg "£XXijvag ia onXa naQadovvuL, avfi^vXtvofie- 
roig avrifiovXtvofy ainolg jade. Ola&a di, art dvvyxri Xi- 6 
yfa&ai iv ifi ^EXXddi, o av avfifiovXivatjgJ*' *0 de KXiagxog 
Tavva vnyytio, lioyXofjieyog xal avtoy toy na^a fiaaiXiofg 
nQEaflevoyru av/jipovXfvaou, firi nuQadovvai tu onXa, ontitg 
ivsXnidig fidXloy qI "iLXXiivfg ihv. ^allvog d' v7to<jTgiif>ag, 
nagu jr^v do^v avTOV elmy ZSs ' 10 

** Eyto, H (isv Twy fivglmy iXnlday fda tig i/iiy iari, oth- 
&ilvai TtoXefiovyjag fiaaiXH, avftpovXtvw, fiii naga$Myai ta 
onXa \ ft Si iol firidsfUa aaxtigiag iaxly iXnlg uxoytog fia^ 
aiXiwg, uvfi^ovXtvw amieaS-mi v^w ont} dvyatoy" KXiag- 
Xog 38 TtQog tavxa htuv* " jiXXd tavia fiiv drj av Xiyng' 15 
Tiag rifi^v Ss andyyfXXs xavra, oti i^niig olofAS&a, el fiiy 
Sfoi pmaiXu ipiXovg tivai, nXBlovog ay a^oi uva^ (flXoi, 
s^oyrfg tit hnXa, ij nagaSovttg aXXfit ' tl $a dioi noXB^iiiv, 
SfiHvoy av TtoXtftsXy, tx^ytag ta onXa, rj nagadovTBg aXXta.^' 
*0 de €»aJuvog tins ' " Tuvia (jiiv dri dnayyfXovfity * dUd 20 
xal td$s Vf/iy ixiXtvosy tlntiy fiaaiXsvg, on [jiivevai fttv 
vfity aviov anovdal itriaay^ Ttgoiovat di xal aTnovai noXt- 
fiog. EiTiaTS ovy xal nsgl tovrav, notsga (ityiitt xal anov- 
dal tiaiv, ^ dg noXifiov ovt og nag vnm uTtayyUa" KXi- 
ugxog i* XXt^iV '^[dndyysXXe toivvv xal ntgl tovtrnv, on xal 2* 
^^liv tavta doxtl, antg ^al fiaaiXel.** " Ti ovv tavi iailv;" 
iq)7j <^aXivog, ^Ansxglvazo EXiagxog' '*''llv fitv fisifonfity, 
enovSal * dmovai di xai ngQiovai, noXt/jiog" ' 'O di ndXiM 
'^gwjfias' ** 2novddg f{ noXsfiOv dnayytXw /'^ KXiagxog M 
taiid ndXiv dnixgivaio ' " Anovdal fiev fiivovaiv, djiiovat ao 
di ^ ngo'iavat noXefjiog.** "Q tL $8 7wi%aoi, av dfeaij^totvt. 



Kmp.6\] KTPOT ANJBJJSEB. 41 

KetpdXaiov fi\ 

0ttiXyog (ih d^ ^x^o, xai o* aw «vt^. Oi da na^ 
*Aqiaiov ^kov, Ilifonl^g xtd Xuglampof ' Hivmv Si ovtov 
ffuvt naga *AqiaU^ ' ovroi Si tU/ov, oti *' xolXovg (falti 
Idgtaiog thai Iligoag imviov fieXjiovg, oSg ovk £v avaajci'- 
5 ad^iM uitov fiaatXtvovtog * al£ d fioHsa&s uvvaaiivm^ 
^xsiv ^Sff xiksvu tfjg wxvog ' h #6 firj, 0fitog ngtat iniivak 
q>rjalv," *0 Si Kkaagxcg dmr' ^*^M£ ^vva x^^ nMly, iay 
fiiff ijxw/io^f mgiteq liyen ' tl di ^, Ttqdtffif, .oifjdtw av n 
vfiiv oVtja&a (Aukufta avft^iqsuf" **0 v» Si mni^Qoi, cvSi 

10 rovToig iht9» Mtxa Si TOVTtf, ijSii ^Hev SvPinTpg, av/xat- 
Uaag rovg axQatriyovg ual kox»yovg, tl^ totaSB ' " 'jEfAOl, 
fu avSgsg, &vofiivi^, uveu 47il fiwjikia, ovx fyiyytto la Ugd* 
Kal tlxoTwg Sga ovx iylyvtio. *Jlg /ig iyet vvp nvp&wfo^ 
fiai, iv fuatff '^fimv xac fiaatki»g 6 Tlygiig y^otafiog iou 

lA vavalnogog, ov ovx up Svvalfu&a uptv nXoloN^ Siafiiivat * 
nkoia S ' ^fitig ov* ^o^ey. Ov fuv S^ ttitav ye ptdvup Mr 
T£ * ta yag intTT^SBta ov» &nip ^bip ' Ureu Si naga lovg 
Kvgov ipilovg, Treryv »aXa ^fup %a Uga ifV^ JISb ow X9i 
noisiv' antorrag Stmvsiv, o tl ng %«t* ^uSiof Si 

90 arjfifjvfi Tfl^ xigont, mg apauuvsa&ah avaatnmCw&B ' l«s^- 
Sop Si TO Stvttgov, avctrl&ta&B inl ra vno^vyia * inl 
Si Tw rglxef, eTttO'd't r^ riyoviUv^, to ftip vmi(vyia 
^yT«^ ngog tov storafiov, ti Si Snlet tS6»." Tuvt«t 
axowavTBg >oS argtttfiyol xal oi Xoxayol otsmiXd-oPf xai 

M ktolow owm ' xal to Xoinov o fdp figxt'f'f oi S* inU^ 
'&OPTO, oix iXofUPOh i^ og^vtag, ozi fwpog i<pgoPU, ^ Sat 
tov agx^vra, oi Si aXXoi anatgot rjaup. ^AgiS-ftog Si t{( 
iSov, riv ifX&OP i$ *E«^oov rr^g ^Iwflag fi^t t^ ^4W' <v<^<^ 
ftol Tfug xnl iptpijxoviia, nageurayyai nspra «ai xgwxmnm 

SO xa\ n&fxaxioioh araSioi naPTi^xopta xal ^axt^lXtoi neA 
4* 



42 SENO^JlirWS [Bt6. ^\ 

ftVQioi * ino da Tig; f^xns iUyovxo ktvm %\i Ba^vltara, 

^EvTiv&iP 5>i, ind axoiog iyivtio, Mdroxv&iig fih o 
dp«|, fzar tovg T» inniag rovg ftBd^* kavtov tig TeaoaQa- 
xovra, xal rorv ntitav Of^tptiip ug xQiuxwiovg, tiixofiol^as • 
ngbg flaaiXia. KXta^x^ ^* ^^ Slkotg f^yujo xtna tcc 
na(}TiyyiXfiiva, ol d* tinorto* »al a<pixvovyxui tig top 7tQa>-' 
toy axad^f/ov nuQU Id^iaiov xal T^y ixtlrov ar^artay 0/19* 
fiiaag rvxiag' xal iv id%ty ^ifitvoi ta onXa, avvriX&ov ol 
OTQaxriyol xal oft Xoxnyol tmv ^J^XXrjrtiV naga AgiaXop ' xal 10 
tSfioaaP Q% T8 "BXXriPtg xal o 'Agialog, xal wp oup avim ol 
xgaxiaxoit fiifrs ngoStiatiP aXXriXovg, avfifia/ol xt tota&ai ' 
ol Si pdfiagoi nQOgwfAOOfXP, xal -^yi^aea&ai ddoXng. Tavra 
d' ufAoaap, aq>dj^apxtg xavgop, xal Xvxop, xal xangov, xal 
XQioP, tig aanlda pdnxopxtg ol fitp "EXXt^ptg ^iq>og, ol di is 
pdQ^agoi Xoyx^P* 'Bntl ds xa niaxa iyivtxo, tiTTtp 6 liXi- 
agx^g' "^Ays ^jJ, w Agiaitt intintg 6 avrog rifup axoXog 
iaxl xal VfuP, tine, xlra yptafitiP t/ttg ntgl xr^g noqtiag* 
noxtqop aniiitP, ijpntg fjX&ofitp, fj aXXf^p xtpa ipptvoijxivai, 
doxtlg odop XQtlxxn;" *0 da ilntp' ***'jIp fitp ^X&ofitp am^ 20 
ovxtg, naPXtXmg Sp vno Xtfjiov anoXolfit&a' vndgxti yag 
yvp '^fjup ovdtp x(up iTtnfiddmp. 'Emaxaldtxa ydg axad^" 
H^p xSp iyyvxaxaa ovdi dtvgo iorxtg ix xr^g X^Q^^S ovdip 
tTxofitP XafiSdptiP * BPd-a d et xt rjp, rifAtig diBnogevofitvot 
xaxtSanay^aafitP, Nvp d intpoov/isp noqtvtad-ai fiaxgo- M 
xiqop flip, xwp d iinxridtlwp ovx anogr^aofitp, JIoQtvxiop 
d' ^fiir xovg ngoixovg axa&fwifg mg ap dwtafit&a fiaxgo- 
rdxovg, ipa wg nXtiaxoP anoanaa&wfitp xov fiaaiXixov 
axgentv/iaxog' ^p ydg ana^ dvolp ij xgtmp ^fitg£p odoP 
anoaxiafitP, ovxcri fi^ duprixat (iaaiXtvg ^fidg xaxaXafitir. M 
'OXlytj^ fjiiv ydg axgaxtvfian ov xoXfiiJati iq>inta'&ai ' noXw 
di tx^p axoXop, ov dvpijusxai raxiaog nogtvBod'ai' taug di 



Kt<p, (?'.] KTPOT ANABA212. 43 

IIv d' ett^i; ^ OTQcnTiyioi ovdsp aXXo dwa/iirtj, if 
anodqavai rj nnwpvyziv ^ dk ivxn iaT^xr^yr^aB xdXXtoy. 

6^£ntl yag ri^tiga iyivno, inogstovjo, iv di$i^ ^ovre; 
TOP ^Xiov, XoyiiiOfiBPOi r^^tiv afjia ijUui dvyovri sig xtufiag 
Tfjg BafivXmpiag X^qotg' J«x« tovto (itv ovx itpiva&ff- 
aav, ^Exh di afi(pi dtlXr^v tdo^av noXtfilovg ogav Inniag' 
xal Twv T« *J5JliLiJvwi' oV /u^ hvxov iv tatg raUoiv ovxfgt ilg 

10 Tag Toi^Hg sdeov, xal \4qiaiog {itvyxavs yag i<p^ afjui^r^g 
noQBVOfiSVogf diori itiTgwro) uata^ug i&tigaxiino, xvl ol 
avv ait OK ^Ev ta da ^nXl^ovTO, r^xov Xiyovtfg oi ngontfi- 
q>&ivTsg axonoiy oti ovx Irniiig tiaiv, aXXa vnoSvyia vi" 
/lOtvTO. Kal ii&vg syvtoaav ndvxfg, or* iyyvg nov iaiQa- 

1ft TOTifdevsTO paaiXtvg ' xal ydq xal xaitvog iipalvtTO iv xo^- 
fiaig ov nqoata* KXiagxog di inl fih Tovg noXsfjilovg ovx 
fjytv * ^dei yag xal dnngtixoTag Toitg OTqaTnaxagt xal aal- 
Tovg ovxag' fjdfi di xal oipi rjy* ou fiivTOt ovd* dnixXivty 
q>vXaTT6fjievog, fii) doxolfj (pivysiV dXX' iv&voigov ayatv, 

SO afia TM ^Aco) dvoftiva} slg rag iyyvTUTa xii^ag TOvg TiQWTOvg 
I^MV xareaxT^voitasVi i$ tav dirjQTidaTo vno tov orqanvfiaTog 
x€tt avrd to, dno twv olxioip ^vXa. Oi fitv ovv ngwjoi 
ofioitg TQOTKa Tiy* ioTQarontdsvovTO, oi di vaxtgoi axoToioh 
nqogiOVTtgt ^ hvyxavov txaaroh rjvXliovxo, xal xgavyrpf 

S5 noXXriv inoiow xaXovvng aXXriXovg, Sgrs xal Toifg noXf^L- 
ovg axovuv ' agxt oi fiiv iyyvtata Tav noXifiioiv xal l<qpv- 
yov ix TOiv oxrjviofidTtov* JijXov di tovto t^ varfgaltf iyi-^ 
vno' 0VT8 ydq vno^vyiov hi ovdiv i<pdvrjf oifre aqaxo- 
Tttdov, OVTB xanvog ovdafiov nXrjalov. ^E^snXdytj di, oi? 

SO totxB, xal fiaaiXivg Ttj i(p6d(o tov arqrtiVfiaTog' idijXmaB di 
Toiko olg T^ voTtqaia inqartt. nqotovar^g /livxoi Tfjg 
vvxrog Tovtrig, xal Tolg **EXXijai (pofiog ifinlnuh xal &6qv^ 
fiog xal dovnog ^v, olov unog <p6fiov IfiitfaivTog ylyvia&au 



44 ZENO^JINTOS [Bi6.S\ 

kavT^ xi^^vxa a^unop wr roxt, roviov avBinur iuHitth' 
atf oty^v nataxfi^^avt€i, oz^ nQoa/B^BvoviHv 0I Sffzomg, 
OS £p TOP a%fina xov oror us to onka fiip^aij, ou hit/f$xai 
fita&ap TokaPXQp agyvfiov, £ixtl di tttvja ixij^x^' * 
i^wrap ol uj^atimai, St$ xtpog o ipoSog stig, no* oL aq^ 
XWJiS Q9iou "Aum d$ oQ&f^ naQii/yul» KUaqgog us taSiP 
ra oitla rl^eir^ai xovg "EXktiPoSf ^^f^ <&<^f S^* V^ i 



'^O Si dfi fy^afa, on fia^iktvs i^vtlayti t^ i^d^ rjidt, 10 
dijkop ^p' T^ fih yag ngoir&iP fifiigtf Ttifinnp tu omXa 
naQotdidopai ixiXevt, tots di oifiet ^Uw aPoctiXlgru nifgvjceis 
intfufft negl anovdtiv. Old* ixil fik&op nffhs tov; 'tt^o- 
q>vXattixs, iiijrovp tovs agzoPtag. ^Eneid-^ 6* cntfjyyuXaP oi 
ngoiftvlaxig, KXiaqx<^> "^X^ t<>t< '^^^ ja^tts inianonw, u 
cTtts toi; nqwpvXali, ntXtvup tovg Hi^gvxtts n%gifUPHP, ax^ts 
Sp axoltiaji. £nil di xerriOTijOff to OTffartvfia, mgrt xakws 
^etf ogaa^ai nopxri ipalayya Ttwtpi^, jwp di aonlwp- ftfj^ 
dipa xaxaipap^ bJpm, ixtilari rovg ayyiXovs, xiti aitos t« 
7tQ0ijX&e, TOVS T« ivonXonitovs fx^P noi tist^tnttiTCVs jmp 90 
avTov aTg€anaTmv, noi tols aXXots otQttrtjyois towtr tfpgch' 
GtP. Entl di f\p ngos tots ayyiXoig, arti^ra, tl flovXoa^ 
TO. Oi d' sXfyov, oTt *' nsgl anopdwp ^xoiep apdgtSf tfhiPfg 
ixapol ttfOPTai, Ta.Te ntiga fiaatXiws toXs jEXXijaip- nitay^ 
yiiXtth ^ Tcc notga xtip 'EXXi^prnp fiaoiXit, " 'O di irnxql' tt 
pato' "^ATtotyyiXXexB toIpvp avx^, oxi. fitixfis du n^mop* 
Sgtatop yag ovx ebrtv, ovdi 6 toX^^uwp ntgl onofpdmp Xi^ 
yttp Tolg ^EXXtjtn, (ati noghas agtaxop. " Ttrvrtt axowr«pnf 
oi ayytXo^ Atf^^pop, jrcrJ ^nop xaxi' 4 ^ dliXop i}r, ou 



Xttp. /.] KTPOT Aj^ABAHIJS. 45 

iyyvg nov yw jSaaiXtvg ^ aXXog Tig, w inejitaxio lavta TiQai- 
IHV • fXfyoy di, oti " eixoTOi doxditv liystv fiaoiXii, xal r^xoi" 
«y fiytfiovag tx^vxtg, di airovg, iav \ai\ anovdal yivfamai, 
alovaiVf BvO^iv i^ovai la iniTTfdtia" |0 d' '^gma, li uirdig 
6 loXg avdgaai arnvdono lova^ xal amov(HV, ^ xal Toig aX" 
Xoig taovrat anovdal, Oi de, " "AnaaiVj*^ tq>aaav, " fti^if^g 
av fiaatXii t« na^^ Vfitjv diayyiX&jj" ^£jtil di tavra tlnov, 
Htxaaxriadfitvog avtovg 6 KXiaqxog, i/iovXtvtto ' xal idoxu 
taxv Tag anovbag noisia&ai, xal xad-' '^avxittv iX&iiv ze 

10 inl Ttt innr^dtia xal Xa/Stlf, *0 da KXiaqxog tins ' ** Joxu 
(iiv xal ffiol ravxa ' oi fiivrot Ta^v ye anuyysXa, dXXa dia- 
Tglipm, igt av oxyrfOeaaiv oi ayytXoi, /jtri dnodo^p vifiiv Tag 
anovdag notijaaa&ai ' olfial yt iiivxoi,** l'<qpi/» "xal ToUg tjfis- 
Tf^oig oTQaxifiiTaig tov avjov q>6^ov naqiaea&aiJ' 'j^ntl di 

15 idoxu xaiqog ilrai, an/fyyeXXtv, oti onivdono, xai lidvg 
riytio&ai ixiXiva nqog tu iTtiTtfiua. 

Kal oi fiiv r^yovvto, KXiaqxog fiivTM inoqfvsTO, Tag iiiv 
anovddg noirjaofisrog, to dt OTqaTiVfia fx^v iv Ttx^i, ' xal 
avTog di to7tia&oq)vXdkH. Kal iviTvyxavov Tacpqotg xal 

«0 avX^at, nXr^qtaiv vdarog, wg firi dvvaa&ai diafiaivHv avtv 
ytqivq^v aXX* inoiovvTo diajSdosig ix rwy <poi.vixu)v, oV 
maav ixTtsTtTUixoTig, Tovg di xal i^xonToy. Kal hnavda, 
r^v KXiaqxov xaTafia^Hv w? imaTaTSi, iv fikv TJj dgiOTiqlf 
Xftql TO doQV l/a)fy iv di TJj df^iif paxTtiqlav' xal il' Tig 

tf aina doxolij Toiv ngog tovto Ttrayfiivfav pXaxtvuvy ixXtyo- 
fitvog Tov iniTi^deiov tnaiasv av, xal a/ia avrog nqogiXafi^ 
ftavcv, tig Tov nriXov iii/Salvnv ' wjra ndaiv aivx^vrjv uvat, 
fiij oi avanovdditiv, Kat iTdx&rjaav fiiv nq&g airov ol 
TQidxovTa ttri ytyovoTtg* iml di xal KXiaqxoP itaqtov 

90 anovddiovTa, nqogfXdfiSavov xal oi ngta^vrtgo i. \ IIoXv 
di fjidXXov o KXiaqxog sanBvdtv, vTtoTtTsviov firi aUi' oim» 
nXiiqstg tJvai tag Ta^qovq vdavog ' oi yaq ^v &qa oiflt to 
mdiov aqdiiv ' dXX *, Iva ijdri noXXd nqoffaivotro Tolg Eh- 



46 • SENO0Jl7rrO2 [b^.b\ 

hfi^ 9tiwa etc Ti}r sro^floy, tovrov &nra /kutiXim wtmmtivtp 
inl to nidiop to vdwp i^^Mirtu. 

^ytficiwt^ lttftfiav€i9 Tff iwnijdua, Er^w di citoq Kokvq, 
%al Jipoq ifoirUmpf xflu oSo; kfftftow iito tmtf avruv. Av^ • 
tal Si m PaXawoi tmp ^irixmp, oSag fiir h rtSf "Elliiaiv 
terip iSup, xoiq ciuijatf awiKtim' a* M toS; Surmoxaig 
ixoxtifi€ra& ifvaw anoUutiH, ^avftaata& to MoHog wl to 
fiiytd-og' 19 9i ofptg ^iiarr^v ovdh SUt^t^" to; Si xtwaq 
^Qalrortig XQa/rifiaTa antrl&eaop. Kal tfr xa2 sra^a no^ M 
Tor- ^dif flip, nupaXaX/ig SL Ertav&a muI tov iyxinpakop 
Tov ipoivixog ngthow Hpayov oS ar^ffTMSriu, xa« ot nolloi 
i&av/jMiov TO TC eidoc* nal Ti^y t^fori^Ta t^$ ijdorijc- i^ 
5ff aipoS^a xal tovxo *t<paXal/ig* 'O Si tpoipt^, o&tr iSoi- 
^i9tlfi o fyxiipalog, oXog i^voUvno. u 

*EvTixv&n tfittvaw ^fiiQog rfftig * xot* irci^a firyaXov fiaat^ 
limg ff*$ T\oampt^nig, xa« o t^c fiaatliug yvraixog adtX" 
ifog, xal Slkoi Ili^ai xqttig' Sovloi Si noXlol Hirono, 
^Enil Si inr^rtfioav etvroig ol twf !£Ui}raiy ot^ot^/o/, Slf/s 
v^Toy TiaoafpiqiPfiq Sii* iQuffrimg roiddB ' 90 

" *Eyto, i SwS^tg "Ekktivigt ydrnv oixm tJ *£kXa8i ' xal 
intl vfiag ildop tig noXla [xaxa] xifi/fxara Sftntmwxojag, 
tv^fia inotfiodftfir, $t ntitg dwalftrpf nnqa /kiaiXing otrif- 
aaa^aif dovral fioi, inoawaai vfiag ng r^v ^EUada, 
OToftat yaq oix ar axaQlorwg fioi ixtiv, ovn n^ vftw as 
CVT8 ngog Tfig 'EXXdSog anaatig, Tctvta Si yrovg, jixovfuip 
fiaatUa, Xiymv avr^t^ ou SixaUag av fAO& x^qKoito, on ai- 
Tta Kvqop T8 ingoTQartvorta TtQ^rog tjyytiXa, xal fioi^&tuxv 
^f»y Sfjia ir\ ayyeXlet atpixonfiv ' xal ftorog Tivr xaxa xovg 
"EXXrivag xita/fjiivwv oix tgwyoy, aXXa Sti^Xaaa, xal awi- to 
fii^a paoiXit iv xa vfitxi^ axQaxonidoj, tv&a fiaaiXsug 
a<plxero, intl Kvqov anixxsive ' xal xoifg avv KvQi^ P^(h 
fiagovg idUo^a avv xdlgSs xoig na^fovai vvv fitx' ifiov, ol-' 



Kjttp. y'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 47 

ntq avt^ tiai niajoTaTOi, Kal tuqI (liv tovtmv vmaxsri 

fiot povlivaaa&ai ' t^to&ai di fii vfiag ixiXtvatv iX&ovra, 

. rlvog tPBxa iaTQattvaats in' avrov, Kal avfifiovXevn vfiiVf 

fiBtglag anoxQivaa&aif Xva fiot tvTiQaxxojfgov i}, idv ri dv» 

6 vtafiah aya&ov Vfiir nag aviov dioTr^ajaa^ai. 

JIgog ravxa fuxaaidneg ol *'£XXyvig iflovlsvovro, nal 
imxgivavTO ' JKXiagxog di iXtytv ' ** 'Bfteig ovu awijA^a- 
figyf c^g fiaaiXti TtoXffn^aovjag^ ovr inogevofiB&a inl fiaair- 
Xia ' aXka noXXag TtgogxHang Kvgog tvgujxiv, wg xal aif ev 

10 oladtt, Xva Vfiag T6 anagaaxevdajovg Xafioit xal ^fidg iv- 
S-dds avaydyoi. Entl fiivxoi ridri Iraoal^cr avtov iv ditv^ 
ovra, fjaxvvd-rjiier xal &tovg xal av&gunovg ngodovvat 
avxov, iv Tw 7tg6a&(v xgo*'(ff nagixovxtg r^fidg ainovg tv 
noulv, Entt da Kvgog Ti&vtjxsv, ovjb avTi7ioiovfi6-&a jia-^ 

u aiXii T^5 agxiigf. ovx tariv, otov ivtx av (iovXolfiB&a t'^v 
(JaaiXifog x^Q^^ xax^g noieiv' ovd' avxov anoxxtlvai av 
i&iXoifitv, nogsvolfisda d av otxads, tt xtg ^(idg firi Xv- 
noiij' adixovvia fiivxoi neigaaofie&a avv xoXg •d'to'ig a/iv- 
vaa^ai' idv fiivxoi xig ijfidg xal (v noiwv vndgxfj, xal 

90 xovxov Big ys dvvafiiv ovx tfXXijaoiJis&a tv noiovvxtg. " *0 
fiiv ovxatg tintv, 

^Axovaag de 6 Tiaaa<pigv7ig, i<pij ' " Tavxa iyw unayyiXm 
fiaaiXtl, xal vfiiv ndXiv xa nag' ixtlvoV fiixgt d' av iym 
i|xa)> ai OTtovdal fitvovjtav ' ayogdv de ^(ifig nagf^ofiiv'* 

» Kal tig fiiv xr^v vaxtgaiav ovx i^xjy * dig&' ol ''ElXrivtg 
iffgovxiiov' xfj di xglxtj i^xouv tXtysv, oxi> diansngayfiivog 
fjxoi naga PaaiXicog, do&rjvai avia aiaisiv xovg **£XXrjvag' 
xaintg now nolXaiv avxiXfyovxotv, wg ovx a^iov Bftj fiaair- 
XbX, atpBivat xovg i<p' kavxov axgaxBvaafiivovg** TiXog 

80 J' cIttiC " Kal vvv i^saxtv v^iiv ntaxd Xapt%v nag* r^fi^v, ^ 
f{r,v q>iXiav vfuv nagi^Biv x^v x^QOV, xal adoXiag andUiv Big 
Tf^v 'EXXdda, ayogdv nagixovxag. "Onov d^ av firj nagix^" 
liBT ayogdv, Xafipdysiv vfidg ix tijgx^gag idfro/Atv ti kti^ 



48 SENO^JINTOS [Bi6. B\ 

XTidua, Tfiag d av ftfiiv dttioH oftoitat, fj (ifi¥ noQfvta&ai 
<UQ diu qnllag aaivug, ait a xal ncra Xafiflavorrag, onoxaw 
fifl na^ix^afitv iyoffuv ' iav ds naqixoiiity [ayoQav], urov- 
fifvovg f^fip ra intn^dita!* Tavia idoW xai wfioaap, xal 
dt^ag idoaav Ttaaafpigviig, xal 6 ir^g /Jaaildag yvraixog « 
adtXq>6g xoig x&v 'jilXfjrur ar^atriyolg nal Xozotyolg, xal 
tXaflay naqa r^r T^ifrcDK Mna de ravra Tiaaaijpd^rtjg 
tint' **Nvp fup dij untifu wg fiaaiUa' intidap di dto^ 
n^a^w/iOh a ddofiai, ij^ avaxtvaoafittog, mg analatr Vftag 
tig rijv 'jSXldSa, xal airog iniwp inl r^r ifiavrov a^^zv^'* ^® 



Mira Tort/TO ntqiifitvov T\aaaq>i^vfiv ci ra "EXXrjvtg xal 
Agialog, (yyvg alXriXoiv ioTQoio'Jit^tvfiivot, ijfitgag nXtlovg 
ij ftxoaiv. 'Ev di tavxaig a(pixvovnai n^g 'AqioTov xal 
oi adBX(pol xal ol alXoi avayxaToh xal tt^o; -rolg avv ixtivm 
JlfQoav tivsg, naqu^aq^vvovTig it xal di^tag tvioi, naqa 19 
fiaatXiotg q>iQOVTeg, fit) fivrjaixaxrjaBiv /JaaiXia avioig Trig 
avv KvQM iniajQajtlag, fxride aXXov fjn^l^Bvog wv nagoixo^ 
fiivoiv. Tovtoiv di yiyvoftivnv, epdtfXoi tjaar ol ntgl tor 
*jiQia7ov rjTtov loig "EXXrjai ngogtxovrfg rbv vovv ' ugTS xal 
dia TOVTO xdig fiiv noXXoTg rdip 'EU.i^v(ay ovx rJQsaxov, aXXa 90 
TtQogiovxeg tw KXtdgxot tXfyov xal xoig uXXotg axgaxijydtg' 
"Ti ftivofitv; fj ovx imaxoifit&at or* flaaiXtvg ^fiag anoXiaat 
ntgl navxog av noiriaaixo, Xva xal xoig aXXoig "EXXr^at €p6^ 
Pog 7j Inl paoiXia [fiiyotv] axgaxtvuv/ Kal vvv fiiv ^fiag 
vndyfxai fiivtiv, dta xo dieandgd-at avxta xo axgdrtvfia'^ 
intidav di ndXtv dXia&fj avxM ^ axgaxtd, ovx taxiv Snag 
ovx inid-!^anat '^fuv. *'la(og di nov fj anoaxdnxti t* ^ 
anoxeixliti, 6og anogog jj ^ odog. Ov 'ydg noxt htfov y» 
PovXtjatxah r^/jidg iX&ovxag tig xr^v 'ElXdda anayytiXai, mg 



Kt<p. d\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 49 

^fulg, Toaolds ortcg, inxwfiBV rrjv Paaikitaq dvvafiiv inl 
raig &vgaig avTOV, xal xaTayeXdaatrteg anrikd'OfAtvy 

Kliagxog di anexgiyaro rolg Taura Xiyovaiv ' " 'jSyw iv^ 
•&Vfiovfiai fiiv xal lavra ndvta ' iwow di, ou, si vvv ani" 
5 fi$y, do^ofity inl noXifua aniiyai, xal naqd tag anovdag 
noitiv. Enuxa, ngatjov fiiv ayoqav ovdtlg^ ti/uv nagi^i, 
ovd * ono&ev iniaiTiovfit^a ' av&ig di o riyriaofiivog oiiiilg 
carat * xal ana xavra Ttoiovnmv r^n^v tv&vg Agiaiog aq>s^ 
omjlci ' mgrs (plXog tifiiv ovdilg XtXeltptrai, aXXa xal ol ngo- 

10 ad-iv ovTtg, JioXdfuoi ^giiy taortat. Jlotafiog di ti fiiv rig 
xal alXog uga tifuv ian dia^axiogy oix olda* Toy d* ovf 
Ev<pgdj7iv tofity ou advraror diafir^vah xviXvofiTiav ttoXs- 
/u/oiy. Oi fiiv dr^y av fidxsa&di ditj, initiig tialr fffiiv avgifia-' 
Xoi * Toiy di noXtfiuntv iimsig eiaiv oi nXuazot xal nXdarov 

Iff a$tot' aigti vixwvrtg fiiv, jiva av dnoxTtlvat/itv ; rixifufi^ 
vmy di fitfy oidiva oiov tc aoa&^vau ^Eyvt fih ovv paa^ 
Xda, 01 nolXa ovitag iarl rd avfiftaxa, tVnto ngod-vfiiixat 
r^fjidg dnoXiaai, ovx oida, o ti du avxov ofioaai, xal dt^idy 
dovyai, xal &tovg imogxr^aai, xal xd havxov maid aniaxa 

80 Ttoirjaai "EXXriai xal ^agpdgoigr Totavxa nolXd tXtyfv, 

*Ey di TOVT^) Tiaaa(pigvrig ijxty tx^tv t^v eavxov dvyafiiv, 

ag tig olxov annav, xal ^Ogovxag xtjv iavxov dvvafiiv ' r^yt 

di xal TJ/v &vyaxiga xr^y PaaiXitag irtl ydfito. *Evxiv&sy 

di ijdrj Tiaaaq>sgvovg ^yovgiivov xal dyogdv nagixovxog, 

SA inogsvovxo' inogtveio di xal Agiouog txwv x6 Kvgov fiag^ 
Pagixoy axgdtsvfia, dfia Tiaaaipigvsi xal Ogovxa, xal avy^ 
targaxonsdtvixo avv ixdvotg. Oi di "EXXrjvfg, vq>ogwvxsg 
rovTOVg, avxol iq> , lat/Toili' ix^'igovy, iiytfiovag fx^vxeg. 
EargaxoTtBdfvovxo di kxdavoxi amxovxfg dXXi^Xtoy naga-^ 

80 adyytiv, xnl fitloy * itpvXdtxovxo di [oi] dft<p6xfgot wgnsg 
noXtfilovg dXXi^Xovg, xal tv&ifg xovxo inoiplixy nagtlxsp, 
EyloTS di xal ^vXiiofifvoi ix xov avxov, xal X^Q''^ ^"^ <^'' 
6^ 



£0 SENO^jmrros [Si€. b\ 

la xohoAxa avXliyomg, nltiyag ivixuvov oUijIo*;* &st9 
%altovxQ tx^qm^ naffuxi* 

Jitk^ivxtg di xqiig ata&fiovg, atpixarro nqof to Mtfilag 
xalovfitpov ttixog, %al naq^X^op avrov tVan* ffv di tftcth- 
dofitifiivov nUv&oiq iTnoiig, iw oa^crir)) n^ifiivaig, wqog « 
cfxoai noSwv, viffog de itiaiov '• fi^xo; di iXiytJO <Iya» (tkoa* 
Ttagaaayymp' inux* di BaflvXmvog ov noXv, *JSrttv&tr 
d* inoQtv&fiaai^ ata&fAovg dvo, na^aayyag ouim * xeu 
dUfitiaup difogvxas dvo, T^y fiw inl yt<pvqag, xiip d * i^tvy-^ 
fiivtiv nXoloii inrd * avral di f^aay ano tov liyfffitog no- M 
tafiov' naTtjhfiiirro di i$ airtuy xai tdqtgoi inlxt^vx^ 
qavt a\ fih nqmai, fitydlai, tntixa d' dXdaaovg' xiXog di 
xal fiixgol oxtxol, mgntq ivx^ '£XXddi inl xag fitUpog' 
nal affixyovvxai inl xov Tty^rfxa noxafiOP ' n^ ^ noXig 
f^v (AtydXfj xal noXvdv&qwnog, ^ ovofia 2ixdxii, anixovaa lo. 
xov noxa/AOV axadlovg mvxBxaldtxa, Oi fih ovy "EXXtivig 
nuQ avxfiP iaxr^vvtaav, iyyvg nuQadtlaov xaXov xal fifyd- 
Xov xal daofog narxoloup divd^vtv ' oi d$ fidqfiagot, diafit- 
fifjxoxtg xov Tiyf}tita, ov fiirxotye xaxa<pavug iiaav. Msxa 
ds x6 diinvov txvxov iw ntf^mdxif ovxig ngo xwv onXmv S9 
JlQo^syog xal Stvotp^v ' xal nQogeXd^atv tjgoiifiaep uv&qto^ 
nog xig xovg ngoipvXaxag, nov av tdoi> IJqo^svop fj KXia^^ 
xov. Mipwva di oix ^{ji^Tei, xal xavxa naqa ^Agialov ^Vj xov 
Mivwvog ^vov. ^£nfl di JlQoUvog $lnty, oxi *^A\fxog slfu, 
or ifjXBlgr Btmv o av&Q(onog xdds* "^Enffiiffi fu *uiqiaiog ^ 
xal Agxdo^og, niaxol ovxsg Kvquf, xal xtXtvovai, <f>vXdxx$a&ai, 
(iil vfup im&mvxai xrjg vvxxog oi pdq^affoi,* taxt di axqd-- 
xivfia noXif iv x^ nXtialov naqaddat^ ' xal naga xifP yiipvqap 
xov Tlygr^xog noxagiov nifjipai xtXtvovai ipvXaxi^y, wg dia^ 
yotlrai Xvaai avxifv Tiaaaq>iqinig xrig vvxxog, i^vntq dvv^ai, M 
mg fiTj dia/iiixt, dXl* iv fiioi^ anoXij<p&fjx8 xov noxafuov xal 
xr^g 9i(6gvxogy *Axovaavxtg xavxa ayovatv avxov naqa tor 
KXiagxov, xal (pgdZovaiv, a Xiyeu *0 di KXiagxog dxov^ 



Ke<p. d\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 61 

anq hagaxS^fj* xai iipofiuTO aqwdga, Ntavlaxog di Tig jap 
naf^vxtav iwor^aaq tinsv, " wg ovx axoXov&a eliy, to T8 cw»- 
S-rfaia&ai xctl Xvasiv ti^v yifpygav, AijXov yag ort ini^ 
Ti&sfiivovg fj vixav dn^asi avtovg, rj '^xtaa&ai, ^Eav /ih 

• ow vixuai, il du avTovg Xveiv Tijy yitpvgav ; oidi yag, ay 
nolXal yi<pvgat vasiv, ixoifitv av, onoi <pvyivjeg rifiiig aoy- 
'd-tlflfitV av d^ av ^ftfig vixcifiev, XeXvfiinig trjg yt(pvgag 
ovx B^ovaiv ixeiyoh onoi [ay] (pvywaiv' ovde /*^v fiotid-^ 
aai, noX3MP oVroiy nigav, oidtlg avtoig dwrjairat, XtXvfii^ 

10 VTjg tfjg yigivgag, 

'Axovaag 6$ tavta o KXiag/og, ijgno tov SyytXov, noati 
Tig sVfi X^Q^ ^ ^^ ^«a^ tov Tlygrixog xal Tijg diwgvxog. *0 
de iintv, ore noXXr^, %al xtafiai tvtiai xal noXug noXXaii i(a\ 
fitydXai, 7Y)T« d^ xal iyvtoo&ti, oti oi ^agfiagoi tov ay- 

15 S-getnoy vnoniii^faifPt oxvovyrfg, /iti oi "ElXfivtg, ditXoyxsg 
Tffy yiqivgav, fiivouy iv Ttj yi^aa, igvfifxra txorttgt iv&sv fiiv 
TOP Tiygr^xa noTa/iov, tvd-iy da TTjy duagvxct' t« 5' inixr^-' 
dsia tx^iey ix Ttjg iv fiiam X^Q^9> noXXrig xal aya^r^g ovarig, 
xa\ Twv igyaaofiiv^v ivovrmy' iha xai a7ioaTgo(pri yivotr- 

20 TO, tX Tig jiovXoiTo (iaaiXia xax^g notiiv, Mna Tama 
avtnavovTO' inl (livroi ttjv yiq>vgav ofji(ag q>vXaxr}v tntfi- 
ytctv' xal ovts ini&STO ovdsig oifdafiod^tv, ovt6 ngog t^v 
yi<pvgay oidelg riXd-a Tav noXffilotv, ag oi fpvXdxTOVTfg 
anriyyuXov. Enudri di toag iyivixo^ dii^aivov t^v yiq>v^ 

95 gov, iJ^ivyfiiyijy nXoloig Tgidxovxa xal knxd, wg oiov xs fid- 
Xfaxa 7teq>vXayfiiv(og' UriyyiXXov ydg xivig twv naga Tia- 
aaq>igyovg '£XXiiv(ov, wg dia^aivovxwv ftiXXouv ini&i^aiad-ai ' 
oeAAa xavxa piv yfsvdtj ijv' dtafiaivovxtov fuyxoi o Itovg 
avxolg int<pdvfi fiix* aXXav, axonmv, n diafialvoiey tov no- 

80 Tft^ov • Intl ds sidtv, oi^ero aneXavvoiv. 

*Anb ds xov Tlygrixog inogiv&ijoav axa&fiiovg xixxagag 
nagaodyyag tXxomv inl xov 0vaxov noxafiovj to evgog 
nXi&goV inijy de yiq>vga, Kcil ivxav&a ^xtixo noXig 



62 , sf':T\o^sijy7V2' [biS. b". 

fityalrit jj ovofta Jlnig ' nqog tjv aTifi'Tf^Gre To7g "jEHriair o 
Kvfjov xixl [dQTuUi^^ov vo&og ad(X(p6'i, ino JSovotav %al 
'jfc'x/^araywv axfiajiav noXXi]v aymVf wg fioij&tjatov /Jaaiktl' 
xai iniisxr^aaq to kaviov axqdxtvfAa, naqrj^ofuvovq d&iwqu 
roig "nXXtivag. *0 di KUa^xos ^/«to fiiv lig Svo, ino- 5 
Qtvixo Si aXXoJs xal aXXott iq>iota/jitvog, "Oaoy d av 
Xqovov TO Tiyovfitvov tov axgaxtvfiaxog iTtiatiiaBU, joaovxoy 
ffv avdyxTj x(^6vov di olov tov axgaxiVfiajog ylyvsa&ai jtjy 
iniaxaatv ' oigxe to QtQVLXiVfia xal aixoig xolg *'£Xkinai do^M 
ndfinoXv sirai, xal jov Iligatjy ixnsnXijX&cti ^twqovvxa. lO 
Evxiv&iv di inogtvxtijaap dia rijgMTidlag aiaO^fiovg ig'^- 
fiovg c| nagaodyyag rgiaxovxa dg rag Jlagvadxtdog xdfiag, 
rijg Kvqov xal fiaaiXicjg jirixgog. Taviag TiaaafpigvTjg 
Kvqm infyytXav diagndaai roig '*£XXfiaiv inirQeipe, nXiiv 
apdga7x6d(ov. ^Evtiv di aixog noXvg, xal ngoPaxa, xal aX- 19 
Xa ;]f^»J/xaTa. Evrtv&tv d* inogtv&riaav axad-ftovg igi^fiovg 
Txivxe Txaqaadyyag hVxoai, lov -Tiygri-xa noxa^iov iy aQioxi- 
Qa i;(ovxfg. *Ey di rta ngtaxb) axad-fji([i nigav xov noxafiov 
noXig (axuxo fitydXij xal iidalfiOiy, ovofjioL Kaival, i^ rig pi 
fidgjiagoi diijyoy inl axtdiaig ditpO^tgivaig agxovg, xvgovg, 90 
olvoy. 



KsqxiXaLov «'. 

Mna xavxa dq>ixvovyxai inl xby ZdjSaxoy npxafiov, x6 
Bvgog XBXxdgmy TtXi&gwv, Kal ivxav&a tfiuyav r^fiigag 
xgttg * iv di xavxaig vnoiplat fxiv r^aav, ipavigd d ovdsfiia 
i(falvsxo int^ovXri. *'Edo^tv ovv xu^ KXidgxfa avyytvia&a^ » 
Tnfaaq)igvtif xal (V ntag dvvaixoj navaai xag inoiplag, ngly 
<| aixwy tioXsiaov ysyia&at ' xal cTTf/u^e xiva igovvxa, oxi 
avyytvia&ai aixa jf^ijfot. *0 di kxolfitag ixiXtvatv TJxcin 
Enudri ^* avvriX^ov, Xiyu o Kkiag/og xdde, ** ^Eyia, a 



Kcq>. «'.] KTPOr A1SABA2I2. 53 

TiaaatpiQvri, olda fih fifiiv ogxovg ysyBvjtj/jiivovg, xal dt^iag 
dsdofiivagt firi udixr^auv akXrilovg ' q>vXaTt6fi6Vov di ui ts OQoi 

- wg noXsfilovg rifiag ' xal '^fislg, ogc^VTsg ravra, avTiq>vlaTT6^ 
fis&a. Enil da axonwv ovdiv dwafjiai ovis as ataxia &ai 
s ntiQOi/isvoy rifxag xaxwg Ttoulv, iy(o is aag)wg oida, ota 
'^(itlg ys ovd inivoovfiiv ovdiv roiovtov, edoU fiot fig Xo- 
yovg aot iX&uv, ojiagf ti dvvalfis&a, i^sXoi/jiiv aXX'^X<av ttip 
itjxiaxiav, Kal yag oJda ijdrj av&gcjTiovg roig fiiv ix dia- 
fioX^g, Tovg di xai i$ vnoiplag, ot q>o^7jd-ivteg aXX'^Xovg, 

10 <f&uQai, ^ovXofjiBvot TigiP na&etv, inolrjaav avi]Xiaxa xaxa 
jovg ovTS lAkXXovxag ovis au ^ovXofibVovg toiovtov ovdiv* 
Tag ovv rotavTag uyvtafioavvag vofiliav awovaiaig (idXiata 
av TiavBO&ai, Tjxatf xal diddaxeiv ae ^ovXafiai, ^g av rifiv 
ovx og&ag anioiilg. IlQfaxov fiiv ydq xal fiiyiaxov, ol 

ift ^s(ov ogxoL ri^dg xmXvovai jioXffilovg that aXX'^Xoig * ogxig 

di xovxoiv avvoidtv avr^ TtaQtififXijxwg, xovxov iym ovtiox* 

av tvdaifiovlaat/ii, Tov yaq '&iav noXsfjiov ovx olda ovx* 

ano nolov av xdxovg q>svy(ov xig anocpvyoif ovx fig noiov 

. av axoxog anodgairj, ov& oTxiag av tig i/vgov x^Q^ov ano" 

30- axalrj. Iluvxri yaq ndvxa xolg '&to'ig vnoxa, xal navxax^ 
ndvxtav Xoov ol '&fol xgaxovai. Jltgl ftiv drj x6iv ■&twv X8 
xal TtJV ogxoiv ovxot yiyvaaxta, nag* oig rifitlg xt^v qnXlav 
avv&ffjitvoi xaxt&ifitdu' xuv di dv&g(a7ilvo>v as lywys iv 
Tw Ttagovxi vofiiifa fiiyiaxov ^ffiiv tlvai ayadov. 2vv fisp 

Sft yag aol ndaa fiiv rifiiv odog tvnogog, nag di noxafiog diot- 
^axog, xwv d imxridtmv ovx anogla * avtv di aov ndaa 
fiiv *; odog did axoxovg' ovdiv yag avx^g iniaxdfitd^a* 
nag di noxafiog dvgnogog, nag d oxXog <po^tg6g' <po^(gaxajov 
d igrjfjila ' fitaxfj yag noXXr^g dnoglag iaxlv. £i di ^ij xor^ 

80 fittvivxtg as xaxaxxtivaifitv, aXXo xt av ^ xov svtgyixriv xa- 

jaxxtlvuvxeg, ngog ^aaiXia xov fiiyiaxov taptdgov dytoviioU 

fi€-&a ; "Oatov di dri xal o'itav iXmd(ov ifiavxov av axtgi^- 

aatfii, sX as xt xaxov inixsignaattii noulv, xavxa Ac^oi. 

5* 



54 XENO0JlirWJff [Bi6. B % 

*Eyn ya^ Kv^ inB&vfttiaii fiot ^w ytpic&m, rofdCutf 
t»p Tor« inartiTotop ilnu tv not£pp or [ar] flovlono, Ji 
da pvp o^ x^p f€ Kvi^ov dvpafti^ ual x^^vp gporr«, not 
Tffp CFcavTOV afipjy ctiCwxa, xifP H flaaiUmg dvpagup, p 
Kv^ noUfUif ixiri^o, aol Tovr^r ovfifiaxop ovaop, Tbv- • 
twp di toiovtwf SpttiP, tls ovTM fAalpnah iftig ov coi fiov^ 
Utat (pllog tZmxi / [Ma ft^ ^ i^ yoQ xa) ravta, i$ £p 
1^ iXnidaf, nal vi /tovii^aca^a* ^pilop ^fup wLpm — oZ9« 
lih yaq vfUP Mvaoiff Xvnii^Vf optag, ovf POfilCm Sp ovp 
jp na^Cfvap Svpa/iBi tanupwg vfup naqattx^Xp ' olda di xa2 l# 
nuaidag* inovm di ual SXXa t^yti noHa xoiavro iipai, a 
olfiat OP nawTM ipoxlovpta a$l rj vfittiQtf tidaifiopl^, 
Al/VTniovg di, olg fittXiara vfiog pvp ^lyvtoann tt&viMtfU' 
V€vg, evx o^, noUjf dvpa/ABt avfifnax^ /^ao/ucrot fMalXop 
Sp noXaaia&B j^g pvp ovp ifiol ovatig, *AXka iii^p h y9 totg ic 
ni^i^ oiHOvai uv, h /up fiovXoio r^ ipllog thai, tag fiiyi€nog 
ap tftig' ti di tig at Xvnolij, wg dsanotfig opaorgiipoio, 
^o»y ^fi&g vnti^ixag, o% aoi ovk Sp xov /iia&ov tptna fiopop 
wtfiffetoi(UP, aXXa nal t{; /o^cto;, ^p a»^ipx$g vno gov aol 
Sp ^xoifup dixaimg, E(iol flip dii xavxa nopxa ip&v/tov^ 90 
ftiPi^f 0VTC9 doxti &avftaax6p §lpai, x6 ai ^fup annniip, 
&gx% nai i^diax* jr aKOvaaifii xovpo/ta, xig i<rxip ovra dupog 
UyHP, &gt9 <r« ntiaa^ Uywp, mg ^fitig aoi im/fovktvofitp" 
Kliagxog fiip ovp xoaavxa ilnB' Ihaaafpiqptig di nda 
antifielqy&ri ' >• 

^' *MX* ijdofiat fiip, i KliaQX*, ixovmp aov ipQOplfwvg Ao- 
yovg' ravxa yag yiypwrnwp, %X t» ifMl xaxop fiovXtvoig, 
Sfta ap fjioi doHtig ual atavx^ naxopovg elvai. 'Jlg d ap 
ud&fig, oxi ovd* Sp vfitig dixalmg ovxb fiaaiXii ovx* ifiol 
aniaxoifitt, artaxovaop, M yag Vfiag ifiovXofU^a anoX^ M 
eat, noTtgd tfot doxovfUP inni»p nXi^&ovg anogtlp, f »«- 
tfipt ^ oitXiatvig, ip ^ vfiSg /tip pXantup Ixopol iXtifitP Sp, 
opt&naaxnp di oidtlg xlpdvpog ; ^JXXa x^^glmp inmjdUmiP 



K9ip. «'.] KTPOr ANABAZ12. 65 

Vfu¥ inirl&ia&M anogtiv Sv aoi doxov/itp ; Ov toaavxa 
gtiv nibla ^fup tplXta ovra avv noXX^t novt^ dianoqtvM&t, 
t0Vttvta di ogri Vfiiv ogatt ovra noQWxia, a ^fuv t^ivth 
nqoxaxaXa^ova^v anoga Vfuv nagix^ip ; toifovrot di ua$ 
• nottxfiol, i<p ' np tetany ^fup tafiitvia&ai, onoaotg av v/itip 
/iovX»fi9&a fidxBO&ai ; Eial 8* avrSv, ovg ovd' ar nar-' 
tfinaai dia/ialijtt, n firi fifing vftag dianogtvotfifv. JSl di 
ir naai jovroig ^rttiijit-d'a, ilia to yi roi nvg tov xagnov 
ngiinov iarty' or ^fieig dvy€d/iB&* ay xaraxavaayttg lifiop 

10 v/iiy artiTtt^ai, i^i Vfieig, ovd* il naw aya&ol efijTS, jEicr;^«- 
ad^ai ay dvvaia&t. Il^g ovv ay, ix^rrtg toaovrovg nogovg 
ngog to Vftiy noltfitXv, nal tovray fitidiva ^ftly inixiydvvoy, 
iTtBira in xovxt$y nanny rovroy ay tov xgonov iUlolfiB&a, 
og fAoyog (liy ngog -O^tmy aaiprig, fiovog 6i ngog ayd-goinmy 

11 aiaxgog / namanaat dk anogmy iatl xal afirj^avny xa\ 
ayayxji txofuymy, xal rovrmy novtigay, oXxivtg i&ilovai dt* 
inwgxlag xt ngog S-eovg, xal afsusxlag ngog ayd-gtonovg 
ngdxxtiy rt. Oi'X ovxtag ^fisig, o> KXiagxe, ot/ra "^ll&iot, 
0VT8 aloytaxo^ iofiiy. *Alla xl drj, vfidg Hoy anoliaai, ovx 

10 in} xovxo i^l&ofiiy ; JEv Xa9h St* o ifiog tgng xovxov aP- 
tio;, TOV Toe; "JSllfjaiy ifis ntaxoy y€yia&ai, xal m Kvgog 
iyipti ^tvixw diix fiia&odoalag ntaxtuioy, xovxi^ i/ii xaxaprj" 
vai ^** BVEgyealag iaxvgov. "Oaa di ftoi, Vfiiig jlf^ifoi^o* 
(OBO&tf Tcc fiiy xal av ttntg, xo d$ fiiyiaxoy iym ol9a * xtfy 

M (ih yag inl t^ xtq>altj xidgar Paatlti ftovm B^taxiy og&tjr 
iX'ty, T^y d* inl xfj xagbltf Xat&g ay vfimy nagoyxwf xeri 
Ttc^o^ nmtx&g txoi*^ 

Tamxa tlnoiy t8ol% x$ KXedgxfif alti&ri liyuv* xal tlnW 
** Ovxovy,** Sjpiy, " oXxiytg, xoiovxo§y f]fuy dg tpillay vnagxow-' 

W TifT, nttgtiyxai dtafldlloyxtg nolsfilovg noi^aai ^fiag, Shot 
«#a» TO Boxaxa na&iiy ;'* " Kal iym fiiy ^ tff^ o T\<raafpig^ 
nigf '*il flovltv&i fnot of n axgtnfiyol xal ol h^yol h tf 
ifupayH il&fiiy, U^ xovg ngog ifU Uyartug, ig av inifia^ 



56 , SEN0<^JINT02 [BtS. B • 

Xivuq ifAol Te %al rj avv ifAol or^arta." '*^£/n d*/* £917 o 
Klia^og, " a|u nartag ' xal aol av fyw diiXii<m, o&sw iyu 
ne^l aov axovo." *£% jovxtip dri xw X6/up 6 T\oaatpigpfig 
{ptloq>^yov/ttVQg Tore fiiw luwziy t< aitbr imikivot %al avr- 
dsmyor inon^omo ' t^ d vait^aUf Kida^og, iXdwv inl to # 
at^cnonidop, d^log ts ^p ndrv <pUixwg oio/urog diaxiia&cu 
T^ Tiaaaupiqivii, xal a iltytp ixBtrog im^yytlBp' tq>ti ta 
XQV^fiti Uvai ne^a TiaaeupigpEi, ovg ixiXivae, xal oi ap 
iliUyX^^^^ 9iafiaXXoPTsg litp ^EXkr^PtiP* Ag ngodoiag avjoifg 
xal xaxopovg toig "MUriaiP optag ti/JMQti&ripai, 'TJuJwttve 10 
ds iipai TOP diaffalXoPxa Mipw^a ' tiding avjop xal avyyt- 
yspf}fiipop l\aaaq>igpn fina Aqialov, xal axaaiaiopxa atn^ 
xal iitiSovXevopra [on/r^], onug to atQUTBVfia aitap ngog 
iavTOP Xa/iiop, <plXog 17 TioaaipiQPBi, *E(hvUxo di xal 6 
KUafXog anop to aiqaxivfia nqog kavzop tx^ip tjJf yva- it 
liflPt xal Tovg naqdlvnovnag ixnoddtp that. Tap de OTQa- 
TioiTiuv aPtiXtyop xipig ayrot, firff^ipat napiag rovg Xoxayovg 
xal ajgaxriyovg, firidi nixfxivup Tiaaaq>kQPth *0 di /Ci«- 
agxog laxvgmg xaxixtiPtv, egxt ditngd^axo, ntPXE flip axga- 
Xfiyovg iiyai, tVxoai di Xoxayovg ' avprixoXovd-fiaap di ig 90. 
tig ayogap xal xHp SXXup axgaximxap ig diaxoaioi, 

'EtibI d* rjaap inl xatg Svgaig xaig 7iaaaq>igpovg, oi fih 
orgarriyol nagtxXri&riaap tXotOt llgoltpog Boimtog, Miptap 
OttxaXog, ^Aylag *Agxdg, KXiagxog uidxtop, ^axgaxtig '-4?"*- 
6g' ol di Xoxayol inl S^vgaig tfitpop. Oi noXX^ d^ vaxtgop 2» 
ano xov ainov arjfidov ot xs tvdov avptXafifldvopxo, xal oi 
i'lo) xaxtxontjaap, Msxd di xavxa tap /JagjSdgwp xipig in" 
nicup, dia xov ntdiov iXavvoPxtg, (^iPt ipxvyxdpoitp *!e1- 
XfiPv rj dovXto f} iXEvS^igoi, ndpxag txxstpop. Oi di ''£XXijptg 
tr^p TS innaaiav avtotp i&avfia^op, ix xov ffxgaxonidov so 
ogwpxtg, xal, o xi inolow, rifiquyvoovp, nglp Nixagxog Ida- 
xag f^xt (pBvytop, xixgatfupog tig x^p yaaxiga, xal xii spxega 



X«y. «'.J KTPOT ANABA2I2, 57 

^j'. xtCig jjfc^a^v fX^^t ^^^*' <<^^ nana ta yfytvtjfiiva, *E% 
10VX0V dr^ oi *'ElXrivt<; b&bov ini toc onXa ndvttq ixmnXriy-^ 
ftivoi, nal vofiiiovTig, avilxa il^HV avTovg tnl to ajQauont-^ 
dov. Ol di navTfg fiiv ovx ifX&ov, [dgiaiog di xul ^Aqtuo- 
6 l^og xal Mi&giddttig, oi riaav KvQb} niutoTarot ' 6 di tcuv 
'j^XX'^voiv kQfifiVivg Btptj xal top Tiaoafpiqvovg adtl(p6y avy 
avToig oqdv xal yiyvtaaxtiy' awrjxoXov&ow di xal alkot 
JltQowv TB&togaxiafiivoi sig rgiaxoalovg. Ovjoi intl iy^ 
yvg rioav, ngogik^tlv ixiXtvov tt ug tVrj T^y ^ElXi^pmv tj 

10 aiqaitiyog ij Xoxotyogt %vot anayyUXmot ta naga ^aaiXioag, 
Mixa xavxa i^riXd^ov xaJy ^EXXrivoav q>vXatz6(ievot axgarrjyol 
(liv, KXedvoig 'Og/o/iiviog xal JSoq>alvtxog SxyfupaXiog, ov> 
fxvxolg di Zsvoqmv [d&iivalog, onag /id'&ot ta ixfgl IlgoU^ 
vov. Xftglaoq>og d* ixvyxaviv anoiv iv xwfirj tivl avv aX- 

lA Xotg imamiofiivog, ^Eml d* taxtiaay ng iixr^xoov, hjxsv 
Idgiaiog xddB' " KXiagxog fiiv, la uvdgig*'£XXijvsg, insl im,- 
ogxiav %b i<pdvn xal tag anovdag Xv(ov, l/£i tr^v dixijv xal 
rid-yrixt, JIgoUyog di xal Miytov, ot« xaxr^yytiXay alxov 
Tijy ini^ovXyy^ iy (JtrydXij tifji'jj doiy' Vfidg di 6 (iaaiXivg rce 

SO onXa dnaitti ' kavtov ydg ilyai qftialv, inUmg Kvgov r^aay 
tov ixuyov dovXov." 

ITgog tavxa antxglyarxo ol "EXXipr^g ' tXtya di KXedytag 
o'^Ogxofiiyiog ' " SI xdxiats ay^gfoneav, *Agiais, xal oi 
alXoi, oaoi t^xB Kvgov q>lXoi, ovx alaxvyta&e ovxe S^fovg 

ift 0VX8 ay&gianovg, oXxiy^g, ofioaayjtg '^fuy xovg avxovg <piXovg 

xal ix^9^^^ vofiieiv, ngodorxig '^fidg avy Tiftaaffigvu, toi 

d&6iotdxia JB xal nayov^^oxdx^i, tovg ts uydgag avxovg, oig 

s £fiwxt, ag aitoXiaXixaxB, xal, tovg aXXovg rmdg ngodtdta- 

xotig, avy tolg TxoXfftloig tgxBa&s i(p ^ifidg / " O di Agialog 

so eJixB' ** Kliagxog yag ngoa^^ey iniPovXtvtay q>ay(gog iyiytto 
Tiaaa(pigvBi ts xal ^Ogovta, xal Txdaiy rffily toXg avy tov^ 
toig, " ^Snl tovxoig di SBvotpay tdds bItxb ' ** KXiagxog fiiy 
tolyw, tl Txaga tovg ogxovg bXvb tag anoyddg, t^v d/xijv 



58 SENO^IINTOS {Bi6. B\ 

^e»* dUmop ya(f a7i6lXva&ai rovg iniOQKOvnttq. IIqo- 
l^ivog de xal Mivtav indntq natP vfiiuQoi fih cve^/srai, 
flftixfqoL di arparfiyol, niftif/atB avzovg dtvqo' d^ov faq, 
OTf, qtiloi yt optsg ifupoxiQOig, ntiqaoovxai *al vfiv nal 
rifitr TCI fiiXxiaxa avfiflovXtvuv. " Ilgog ravxa ol fidjiaQOh ft 
noXvv X9^^^^ diaXrxd^iyxtg aXXi^Xoig, anrjX&ov ovdi» ino- 
xqipofiiyoi. 



Oi fihf d^ axQaxij/ol ovxto Xtjqt&irtig, arix&fiaar ng 
ftaaiXsix, Hal anoTfifi&irtti; xag utfpaXag heXByxfioon^* Mtg. 
fih avx^v KXiagxog, ofioXoyovfuvwg i% ndrxmr, wp if/r- lo 
Ttfiqwg ccvTov ix^pxwv, do^ag yivia&ai avifQ xal noXtftixog 
xal q>iXo7x6J(Eftog iaxdxmg. Kal ydg di^, tag fih noXtfiog 
fjp xdig jiaxiliaiftovloig ngog tovg A&fjpalovg, nagifi^tp' 
intidfi d* li^ifyi; iyivtxo, mlaag t^v kavxov niXiv, mg ol 
Oglfxsg adixovat toifg "EXXtiPag, xal diaTtga^dfifPog mg idv- U 
paxo Ttaga toip ^Egtogtov, i^nXsi o); noXEfn^aiap rotg vnig 
XsQ^ovi^aav xal Jlsiglvd-ov Oqaliv, ^Enil di ftexayportfg 
ntog oi E<poQOi, ridfj e^oa ovrog avxov, anoaxgiq>up avxov 
inBigavxo ^| *Ia&ftov, /.vrav&a ovxixt ntid-Bxai, aXX' wxno 
nXioap ug 'EXXi^gnovTov. Ex rovxov xal id-avaxia&fj vno 20 
tap ip xjj Snagrri xiX^v, wg anet&wp, ^H^ti di q>vydg up, 
tgX^^^ ^gog Kvgov, xal onoloig fisp Xoyoig bttbios Kvgop, 
aXXr) yiyganxat' dldotav ds avx^ Kvgog fivglovg daguxovg' 
6 di XujSwp, ovx inl ^ad^v^lav ixgdntxo, aXX ano tovxup 
TWP /^ij/uarcDV avXXt^ag axgdxtvfxa, inoXiftH xotg Oga^l* ftB 
xal fJiax}} Ts ivlxrjas, xal ano lovxov Sfj ttptge xal rjysp av- 
Toifg' xal noXtfxwp difyivtxo, (JiixQ^S *^^ Kvgog iSsij&ff 
rov oxgaxzviiaxog * Tore 6 anrjX&tp, £g ovp ixslvif av no^ 
Xcfii^aoiv, 



Kt<p. ^'.] KTPOr ANABA212. - 59 

Totvxa. ovp (ptXoTioXifiov SoxbI avdqog tqya ilvai, ogng, 
i^v flip tlgi^vriy Syetv Spbv alaxvvrig xml (JXafltjg, algiitat 
noXifiiiv' i^ov di ^ct&vfisiy, fiovXexai novtiv [tS^s Troite- 
/Mty] * &0V di XQVH"^^ ^X^^'" ixivSvyag, aigiixeu noUfimy 
< fiBlopa ^avra noitiv. ^Eituvoq de, wgrng tig naidixa tj tig 
aXXrpf tiva r^dovrfl', ij&tXt danavap tig noXtftor * oviia fih 
q>iXon6XtfAog tjv. HoXtguxog di av tavrtj tivat idoxti, on 
(fiXoxlwdwog TS fiv, xal ^fiiqag xal rvxrog aycav im Tovg 
noXtfilovg, xal iv toig dtivoig (jpQortfiog, ojg oi naQorttg nuv- 

10 taxov navjfg a/ioXoyovp. Kal a^x^xog da iXiytjo tlvai, wg 
dvpuTOP ix Tov toiovTOV TffOTtov, oiov xal ixuvog tl/BP. ^Ixa-^ 
pog (UP yd(f, tt tig xal aXXog, (pQOPTi£tip tip, onag i$ti ^ aTga- 
TUX avTov ra iinjiidtiaf xal nuQaaxtvaittP tavTa' ixopog 
di xal ifiTiotflattt roig naQovaiv, ag ntiaxiop ttrj KXtagx^!?* 

If 7bt/T0 ^8 inolti ix tov x^tXtnog tlvat, Kal yaq ogap on/- 
ypog Tjp, xal rjj tpviPjj tgaxvg' ixoXa^s tt atl iazvgwg, xal 
ogyji iplott, wgtt xal avt^ fttjafiiXnp ta&^ ore. Kal ypa^ 
fiji di ixoXaJ^tP' axoXaatov yag tngaxtvfiarog ovdip tiytito 
otptXog tipai. AXXa xal Xiyti^p avt<yp tq>aaap, mg diot top 

SO atgatitatrip <poptiad-ai fiaXXop top agxoPta rj tovg noXtfU^ 
ovg, ti fjiiXXot ^ (pvXaxag (pvXdUtP, i^ (piXoap aq>tU(r^oth V 
a7tgo<paalat(ag Upai ngog tovg noXtfiiovg, ^Ep fjih ovp toig 
dtipoig fj&tXop ttvtov dxovtip aq>6dga, xal ovx aXXop r^govp^ 
to oi atgatiwtai, Kal yag to atvypop tott ipatdgop av- 

90 tov ip to7g TtgogwTtoig t<paaap (palpta&ai, xal to x^Xtnop, 
iggtafitPOP ngog toi/g noXtgdovg idoxti tipat' &att acorif- 
gtO!P xal ovxitt xc^Xtnop i<palptto. "Ott d* t^m tov dtipov 
fipoiPTO, xal i^tlfi ngog aXXovg agxofitPovg amtpai, noXXol 
avtop aniXtmop' to yag inlxagi ovx tlxtp, alXa atlxotXt" 

iO nog xal Wfiog tip * mgjt dtixtipto ngog avtop ol atgatiatai 
mgntg naidtg ngog dtddaxaXov. Kal yag ovp tpiXliji uip 
fCfff tvpoitj^ Inofiipovg ovdinot^ tJxtp* oXtivtg di tj vno no- 
Xtng tttayfiipot, fj vno tov dtJa&ai, ij aXXji ttpl apdyxrj 



60 SENO0JINTO2 [BiS. B\ 

Eneidrf di *al f^lmro riKciv aw avtf tovg noXt/Uovg, fiB^ 
yaka fd^ r^p xa XQV^^f^^9 noiovvta bIviu rovg avv avx^ 
OTQcttuutag * to jb yag n^g rovg nolBfilovg &a(^aXitig fXBir 
naffiiv, xal to x^v naq ixdvov xtfAttQicw upofiua&ah aviovg « 
tvxaxtovg inoUu TYnovxog fih dii oiqx^^ ^>'* a^x^od-ai 
d^ vjto aXXmy ov fuila i&il$ir iUyexo. Hp di, oxs ixtliv^ 
xa, ifitpl xa nerxiixorxa hfj. 

IIq6%i¥9g di o Boitoxiog ii&vg fiir ftii^mop ir int^v-^ 
/Ml yevia&ai avii^ xa fuyaXa nQUxttiv Ixayog* *al Sia U 
xavTfiy xtjp dm&Vfdap tiwxB rbqyl^ a^yvQiov xf AtortU 
Via, *E'JtBl di avpBysPBXo ixBlva^f ixavog tjdti vofdaag Bivat 
ual Sqx^^^* xa4 fpiXog ^p xoig nQtixoig, fiti '^xxaa&ai BVtQyB^ 
xHp, tfX&BP Big xaviag xag cvp KvQOi ngdUif' xat ucto 
xxi^aBc^ai Ix xovxtup opofia fiiya, xal dvpofiip fiBydk^p, xa\ i« 
XQiiftaxa noXXd' xovxatp d* im&vfA^v, aq>6d^ tpd^Xop av 
xal xovro bJxbp, ort xovxwp ovdip ap ^tXoi xxda&ai fuxa 
adixiag, aXld avp Tftf dutaUa xai xaX^ ^exo dBip xovtwp 
xvyxdpBiP, UPBV di xovtwp fir^. *'Aqx^i,p di xaXdip flip xal 
dya&wp dvpaxog r^p' ov fupxoi ovx* aldoi xoig axQaxiuxaig 90 
iavxov ovxB q>6fiop ixapog dfinoi^aai, aXXd xai yaxvpno 
fiaXXop xovg oxQaTicixag, ij oi agxofitpot ixitpop ' xal g>o/SoV'- 
fXBPog fidXXop ffp (pavfQog x6 dmxO^upto&ai xoig ar^axiw- 
xaig, ^ oi ax^axifuxai x6 antaxtlp ixBlvf^. *'JIbto di dgxaip 
ngog xo d^x^xop ttvai xal doxBlp, xop flip xaXaig noiovpxa 95 
inaiPtiP, xov di ddixovpxa firi inaiptlp. ToiyoQovp avx^ 
oi flip xaXoi xdya&ot Tfrjv avpopxfop bvpoi ffOap, oi d' adixoi 
insflovXsvov, ug BVfiBxaxBiQloxtff opxi,. "Oxs di dni&ptiaxsp, 
fjp ix(ap mg XQidxoPxa. 

MivoiP di 6 0BxxaX6g dijXog ^p inidvfimp flip nXmnup SO 
laXVQwg, ini&vfiap di a^x^ip, oniog nXelot, Xafifidpot ' ini- 
&Vfi^p di xifidadfti, %pa nUlm xBqdalpoi' <piXog x* i^oV" 
Xbxo dpat xoig fiiytaxop dvpofispoig, %pa ddixmp fiij didolfi 



Ktqt. ^'.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 61 

^Ur^v. ^Enl dk to xartQydisa&ai, Zv ini&Vfiolij, avrt<h- 
fiMTUTfiv odov ^tTO (Ivai dia tov inioQxtly ts *al yftvdea&ai 
xal ilanaxav * to de anXovv ri xal aXri&ig ivofitie to qrvTO 
7^ ^Xi&i(o sJyai. Sxigytav de qtartgog (liv r^v ovdiva, oxt^ 

6 de q>alrj <flXog ilvat, xovxia tvHriXog i/iyvtto inipovXtvoav, 
Kal noXsfilov fiiv ovdsvog xotxsysXa, twv ds avvovxav ndv^ 
Twv tag xttxayeXtiy ad duXiyno. Kal roig fikv twv noXi- 
filoitv xxiifiaaiv ovx inffiovXtvt ' j)f(xiLe7roy yag ^txo uvah ra 
x^v tpvXaxxofAivtoy Xafi/SdrHy' aXla rot rmv (plXtov fiopog 

10 ^cTO fidivM ^tfoxoy or aqaiXaxra Xa/ifldreir, Kal oaovg 
(iiv av aia&dvotxo iitiogxovg xal adlxovg, wg tv inXiafii- 
vovg ig>ofiitxo' toig d' oaloig xal aXiid^tiay aaxovaiv tog 
avdrdgoig intigdxo jif^^a^ai. "Jlgnfg di rig aydXXtxai inl 
S-ioaiPil^, xai aXtj&$ltf, xal dixaioxriTh ovxia Mivtiv r^ydX' 

1ft ZcTO TM i^anaxap dvraaO-ai, x^ nXdaaad-at yfevdrj, toI (pi- 
Xovg diaytXav ' tov Si fiff navovgyov x^v anaidtvxmv ivo- 
fiiify slvat. Kal nag* olg fih irnxslgst ngioxsvtiv <piXUt, 
diafidXXtav xoifg ngwxovgt Tovxovg aexo 6uv xxi^aaad-at. 
To 5i Ttsi&ofiivovg xovg axgaxituxag itagaaxiodai, ix xov 

90 awaliixuv avxdig ifirixavdxo, Tifida&ai ds xal x^tgaTXivs- 
a&at -^^iov, iTxidnxrvfisvogt oxi nXslaxa dwaixo xal i&iXot 
av ddixtiv, JEvfgysalav ds xaxiXeysv, onoxs xig aviov atpl- 
axaixo, OT* /^oi^fvo? avx^ ovx dniaXiatv avxov. Kal xa 
fiiv dri iipavrj t^saxi TXfgl avxov ^Bvdta&ai' a ds Txdvxig 

95 Yaaai, xdd* iaxL Jlagn ^Agiaxlnntjt fuv, txi digaXog wv, 
axgajfiytiv dtBixgd^axo tcuv livav, ^Agiaio^ df, jiagfldgtif 
ovxt, ox^ fuigaxloig xaXoXg '^'Jcto, otxccoraro^ Xxi mgaiog 
£v iyivfxo' ainog di Txaidixd «^« Oagvirar, ayivziog tav 
ysvtmvxa. Ajxod-vijaxovxmv de xwv avaxgaxriyuv, oxi iaxgd^ 

M xevoar inl ftaaiXia avv Kvgm, ra avxa nenotrixag ovx 

ani&ave * fisxa de xov xwr dXXtov ^dvaxov axgaxtiyar, Tt- 

fimgri&tlg vno PaaiXitog dni&avey, ovx ^g^Q KXiagzog xal 

ol aXXoi axgcrxriyol anoxfiri&eyxtg tag xeq>aXdg, ogneg rot- 

6 



64 SEiw^JiNTO:^ [BiS. r\ 

Ivn^g, xttl no&ov naiQidtir, yoriwv, ywammVy naidfar, ovg 
ovTTorc irofiifoy en StffH(&au Oviw fiiv dh dia»tlfievo& 
navjfq avBnavovro. 

Jly di rig iv i^ ar^ari^ Sivo<pm¥ A&ijvaTog, og ovtb 
OTffaTfjyog, ovts Xozayog, ovis aTQaxuiTtig luy avvijxolov&tif i 
akla JJgoUyog aixov fUt$nifttf/ajo otxo&ev, |sVo; wp a^ 
Zaiog' vnia/ynro di air^t, ti il&oi, (pll,ov Kvqi^ notr^ativ' 
ov avTog t<p^ xfftinn iavt^ yofiliny rijg ntxx^idog. 'O fup- 
tot Styoifojy, avayyovg t^v iniaioXi^y, ayanoirovxai J^x^d^ 
XH i^f *A&ijyalio ntgl t^ no(ftlag» Kal o ^mx^djrjc, vno^ 10 
nxemag, fiij n ngog rijg noUwg ol vnairioy $tri, Kv^(o tpl- 
lay yspia&ai, Sn iSoxn i Kvffog nqo&Vfimg roig uiaxtdai^ 
fioyloig M rag *A^iiy€tg ovfinoXtfiijacu, avfiflovUvsi rip 
Ziro<puyri, il&oyra tig JtXg>ovg ayaxoiymoM r^ &i^ tis^^ 
xfjg noffdag, *EX^my di i Stvotpay ini^Qiro ror IdnoXXat, ift 
riyt ay S-tw &W)iy xal tixofityog xaXXtar* ay xal aqiara 
tl^oi ttfy odov, ^y intvou, xal xaXtig n^d^g aiodhlf^. Kal 
aynXsy avr^ i 'AnclXuy ^tolg olg lide» ^wiy. *£nei di 
ndXiy riX&t, Xiyu rrjy fianday r^ JSIuxgdrBt. *0 5* axov^ 
aag 'priaro avroy, on ov tovto nqoxtQoy ij^oiTcr, noxBf^v 90 
Xiiiioy avr^ cti} n^i^vi9&at fj fUvtiv, alX* avxog xqlvag^ 
Uioy tiyai, tovto invyd'dyito, Znoig dv xdXXtara noqtv&Uum 
** Entl fiiyfoi ovxoag ijifov, ravx*," I91}, "/f ^ nouty, oaa o 
S-eog ixiXsvotvJ* 'O fiiy dfi Zsvog>iiy, omw &vad(iiyog, olg 
aytiXty o &e6g, iUJtXti, xal xataXauPdyti iy ^df^dsai ngo^i- 35 
voy xal Kvffoy, fiiXkorxag ildfi oqftdy rr^y dyea odoy ' xal 
avyeatd&fj Kvffcu ITQO&Vftovfifycv di rov HqoUpov xal o 
Kvgog avfiTtf^v&Vfitixo fitly ai avxoy ' . tint Si, oxt, intiddy 
rdxtara ^ mffortla Xij^tj, tv&ifg aTtonifiyftt avroy* ^EXiytxo 
di 6 ifToXog tlyat tig Rttaldag. SO 

*EargarivtTO fiiv d^ ovtag i^aixarfj&tlg, ovx vJto rov 
UqoUvov' ov ydq jjdti T^y inl /SaaiXia o^/ui}r, oid dXXog 
ovdilg rmy ^EXXtiyaiv, nXt^y KXtdgzov * intl fiivxoi tig KiXi-' 



Jfey. a'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 65 

ular ijl&ov, aaq>sg naaiv ^dij idoxsi elvat, ott 6 aroJiog etti 
inl flaaiXia. 0ojiov^€voi de rriv o8ov xal axovjsg ofiotg oi 
noXXol dt' aiaxivtiv nal aU-r^ktav xoil Kvqov awfixoXov&ti" 
aav' tav iig xal Atvoqt^v r^v, ^£jisl d' anoxia ijv, iXvTitixo 
A fiiv 9VV jciig aXXoig, xal ovx idvyaro xa&svdsiv * fiixgov da 
vnvov Xaxtav, ildev ovoig. ^lido^er avi^, ffgontjg ysvofiivfigy 
axriTiTog ntottv tig jtiv 7taTg({iav oixlav, xai ix tovtov Xafi- 
Tiw&ai naaav, J2eQiq>ofiog d' ev&ifg avtjyiQ&ni, xal to 
ovag nil ftiv sxgtvsv oiya&ov * oxi, iw novoig tov xal xivdv^ 

10 votg, q>oig fiiya ix Jiog Idilv tdoU ' nij ds xal i(pol)eTTO, oxt 
ano Jiog fiiv fiaaiXdotg to ovag idoxii aixa tlvai, xvxX(ff di 
idoxBt Xafinia&aif to nvg, girj ov dvraixo ix xtlg x^qag 
iUXdslv xrjg fiaaiXiwg, aXX^ d'gyoi>xo navxo-d'tv vno xivap 
anogmv, 

1» 'Ondiov XI fiiv 5iJ ^ot* to xoiovxov ovaq llktv, i^saxt axo^ 
niiv ix xav avft^dvxav fisxa to ovag. Itp^exai yag xdda 
ivd^vg. ^Enndr^ dvnyigd^tj, ng^xov fiiv twoia avr^ ifi" 
nlixxBi ' ** T/ xaxdxsifiai ; { di >'v| ngo^aivtt ' afia di x^ 
^fiig^ (Ixog xovg noXefilovg ijUiv. £i di yBvtjaofit&a inl 

m^aaiXsi, xi ifinodwv, firj oi'xl nana fiiv xd Jt^rxXe^iairoTa 
inidovxag, ndvxa di xd dsivoxaxa na&ovxag, vpgiiofiivovg 
dnoS-aviiv. "Onwg di dfiwovfisd-a, ovdttg nagaextvdSixai, 
ovd^ inificXilxai, dXXd xaxaxdfisd^a, wgntg i^ov tiavxlav 
ayuv. !£'/(» ow xw ix nolag noXioag axgaxt^yov ngogdoxoa 

SB raura ngdluv ; nolav d ^Xixiat^ ifiavx^ iX&Hv dvafiivta; 
ov yag fyeay* ct* 'ngea^vxtgog Edofiai^^ idv xtifif^ov ngod^ 
ifiavxov xolg noXsfilotg." Ex xovxov dvlaxaxai, xal avyxaXil 
xohg JIgoUvov ngwxov Xoxayovg. ^Eml di awriX&ov, IXt- 
Icy* **'£yta, 0) avdgtg Xoxayol, ovxa xa&ivdnv dvvafiah 

10 (&gntg, olfiai^ ovd Vfiug), ovxa xaxaxtla&ai txi, ogmv, iv 

oioig iofiiv. Oi fiiv ydg drj noXifiioi dtjXov oxi ov ngoxtgov 

ngog tifidg xov noXtftov iliipuvav, nglv ivofiiaav, xd kavxwv 

KtAmg nagianavda&ai' ^fiwv d* ovdslg ovdiv avtmtfiiXa'i-' 

6» 



66 SENO^Jiirror [Bi$* r\ 



1 



fit&a uai iJtl /hioilu ytnjvofiida, tl oiofit&a n$lata&at / 
og nal xov o/iO|Uijr^A>u nal oiJLonaxqlov iHiX^v %al xi&rrf-' 
xotof ^dfi inoxifi^v T^r jct^euti^y uttt ttiv ;r<^c avtmaviin^ 

0afitp d* in* avrovy ig dovXor irtl fiaoilimq not^comg, teal 
€tno»t€vovrTtg, d 9wed/tM&a, tl av otoftt&a na&eivf jt^ 
ov* uy iiti nay Bl&ph ^S$ ^^ag va ayfaTO txwiwfitvoqf 
noLUiy ay&^notg ftifioy nuf^daxn "^^^ QtQantvaul noxt itp 
kavToyf UZZ* ont^ roi /i^ in* ixBly^ ytytiooftt&Of narxa lo 
noifitioy^ *E^n fih ovy, c;t8 /uy td anordai fjvaa^, ovnort 
inavoft^y ^fimg ^iy otuxil^y, flaailia di nal xovg airy avx^ \. 
Iianaqiimy, dici&m^tyog avxwf ootiy fihxoS^ay koi oiacy ^Oi- ^?y 
9v, ig 6i S^^oya xu inixi^BtUf oaovg di &t^noyxag, Saa di 
KT^nj, Xqvaoy 4s, is&i^xa Si* xa d* av wr ux^axunwy onaxt i* 
iy&vfiot/i^, Su T«»y fiiy a/a&wy navxviy ovdsyog ^fiiy (iixdtj, 
it fA^ nqialfit&Oy oTov 9i iyfiaofit&at jlduy hi iilyovg &or- 
xag, SXJMg di n^tg na^^wdai xa imxrjdsia, ij tiyovfiiyovg, 
ogxovg fjdii Koxixoyxag fifiag * xavx* ovy XoyiiofAiyog, iyloxt 
tag anoydag fiaHoy iipofiovfifiyt ^ yvy xoy noXtftoy, ^Entl 9$ 
fiiyxoi ixiiyot cXvitay xdg onoySag, XtXva&at (toi donei xal 
^ ixdyny vfl^tg, nal { ^fjitxiga vncipia. *£y fiiatp yaq fjdti 
xtixat xavta xa aya&Ji, a&Xa, onoxegoi or ^fi£y aySgtg 
afiilyoytg waiy' aytiyo^ixai 8* oi S^eol tiaiy, otavy ^fiiy, 
lig xo uxog, taoyxai. Ovxoi fiey yaq aixovg inim^x^xaaty' 9§ 
ifiHg di, TxolXa o^yxtg Sya&a, axt^(wg ain^y ansixo(i$^ 
S-a, dw xovg xHy ^tmy Sgxovg ' wgxB iUlval (iOi doxtiy Uyat 
in} x6y ay&ya noXv avy <pgoy^fiaxi iidSoyh ^ xovxotg. '^JEx$ 
di ^X^fisy atjfuxxa Ixowoxt^a xovmy xal yfvxri xal &aXnfi 
xal noyovg ipiquy ' ^lofity di xal ^pvx^g ovy xoig &io7g so 
afiilyoyag* oS di Sydq%g xal xf^ol xal ^yfixol /taXloy 
ifiwy, ^y oi &iol, Sgnt^ xongoa&iy, ylxfjy ^gtiy diduai9. 
!iU* fcTAf^ /«f xai alXoi xavxa iy^fiovytaf^ ngog ittir &mt^t 



KBip. a\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 67 

lifl av«fuiw(iev, SHovg i^* ^fiag iJL&ur, na^xiKkowTag M 
ta KoXliara t^ya, all* ^fitig Sg^fiaf tov i^ogiiijaat wuH 
roi/g SXlovg inl rtfp ifftji^v, ^dvtjjB t£v Xoxayoiv o^iatofy 
xo* wp GTgaxtjytip i$to<n^€tTri/it$(^ Kayw di, d fih 

i vfulg iS^iltTt i^fiap inl ravia, ^itia^i vfur povXo/itu, 

H de VfiBig zmni /i« ^iiaSmi, ovdh ngo<paatl^ofi<u t^v 

f^lutlvtv, ikXa mtl aMftal^up ^yovfuup i^xBiP an .ifmvtoS 

Ttt xtuca, 

*0 /dp Tttfint sX^sp, oS di Xoxayoiy ixovuavTBf tavta^ 

10 ^yiia&ui ixiX§v<fP anopttg. HXiiP 'AwoXXntvld^ t<^ ^p^ 
fioMTiaim^ Tfj <pwt^' ovTog d* $lnep, ou ^vor^o/i}, ogrig 
Xiyu, aXX^ nt»g awjfiglag &p tt^tip, ^ fiaaiXia mhag, tl 
dvpatjo' iuxl SfM ^^/<TO XiytiP rag OMoqlag. *0 fiipto& 
Sspwp^p, fitra^v vnoXafitup, bXi^bp wdt ' ** SI ^avfjutamxcttt 

16 Sp&^ne, av yt oid* offip yiyptiaitug, ovd* inovwp giiftpti^ 
aai. *£p xavT^ yt fiipjoi fia^a tovtotg, St« fiaaiXtvg, iiul 
Kvgog ani&otpB, ftiyft ipgoPiiaeig inl xovv^, niiinmp ixiXivB 
nagadidopai ta onXa, *£ntid^ di ^fulg oi nagadoPTBg^ 
aXl* i^nXiafiipoi iX&optig noQiantpn^aafABP avt^ %l ain 

90 inoiijas nQiafiBig nifinwp, xal anopdag mxwp, xal naqix^tp 
%a iniTijdBia, tgxB anxupdwf ttvxt»f *EnBl d* av oi atgatfi^ 
yol xal Xoxaysd, SgnBg dfi xcil av xBXBVB^g, Btg Xoyovg avtoig 
juPBV onXmp fiX&op, nurtBVfiaptBg xaig anf>pdaig, oi pvp ixU" 
poi naiofiipot, uBPzovfttPOh vfigtiofupoh oid^ ano&apup oi 

M tXii/ioPBg dvpartahf xal ftaX*, olfiai, ig&pxBg tovtov. ^A av 
napxa Bidtag, xovg fih aftvpta&ai uBXtvortag ^pXvagBtp ^g, 
nBi^HP di naXiP XBXiVBig Upxag; *JEfio2 di, i SpS^, do^ 
xbI, top ap^gnnop tovtop /x^xb ngogUa&at Big xaito f^fip 
aixoTg, atpBlo/iipovg xb xtiP Xoxaykn^, axBVfi apa&iptag, if 

» xotovx^ XifV^^'^^ Ovxog yag xal t^ natgida xaxaufxi" 

pBi, xal naaop ti)v 'JEXXada, oxi^JSkXipf Up xoioMg iatvp^ 

*Epxbv&bp vnoXapnp *Ayaaiag SxvfupaXiogt dmp' " *AlXi 

foviy y9 oStB tijg BouotUtg ngogifxBi ovdip, vBtB t^g *SX» 



<^^ 



6& iSENO^HNTOS [Bi6. r\ 

Xudog navxdnaaiv' intl iyu aitor tidor, agns^ jivdov, 

TOY flip ow ani}laaav' ol d' aXXoi, naqa to^ td^ig iovjtg, 
onov fiiv Qiqaxriyog aaog iVri, joy OJQaxfiyov Tiagtxdkow' 
OTtod-ev ds oVxoito, lor vnoajqaxriYOV * ottov ^k Xoxayog • 
auog ttti, TOP loxayop. ^Eml 6i ndpug avviil&op, tig to 
ngoa&tp rcuy onXtuv ixa&iiopxo ' xal iyivopxo ol avptX&oP" 
Ttg axarriyol xal Xoxayoi afi<fl rovg kxaxop, "Oxs di rav- 
ta HP, axtdop ijaoy fiiaat vixxBg, 'Evxav^a 'liQiupvfiog 
'Uluog, TXQsafivxatog iSp jwp IIqoUpw Xoxayaip, ^gx^xo Xi~ 10 
yitp'wik' ** *Uiiip,' (o -apdgeg axgaxriyol xal Xoxayol, oqwgi 
ia naqopxa Idole xal aixoXg avpiXdtip, xal vfidg naqaxa- 
Xiaai, ontag /iovlBvaalfis&a, rV Tt dvpaifiiO-a, aya&op, 
Ailop y," lipri, " xal av, oi StPOfpoiP, dntg xal ngog ^fidg'^ 

Ex tovxov Xiyti tdds StPO<pmp ' ** 'AXXd tavxa fiiy dtj ndy u 
tBg iniardfiBd-a, oxt fiaatXtvg xal Tiaaaq>iQPrigf ovg fttp 
idvptid^fjaap, avpsiXiiipaaiP '^fiwp' xoig d' SXXoig iHjXop oxi 
iniftovXtvovaiP, ug, iljv dvpuviat, anoXdatoatP* *IIfup di 
y oJfiat nana noifitia, wg fii^not' iixl xoig flaQfidgotg ytpta- 
fisd-a, dXXd udXXop, rip dvpoifii&a, ixiipoi iip ^fup» Ev 90 
toIpvp inlaxao&t,' oti vfAiig, toaovjoi opteg, oaoi pvp ovpb- 
XfiXv&axe, fiiyiaxop ^ere xaigop. Oi ydg axQaxiiixat ovxot 
ndpxtg Ttqog Vfidg anofiXinovm ' xSp fih vfidg ogaaip a&v-' 
ftovpxag, Txdpxsg xaxol eaopxai ' ijp di vfAug avxol xs na^ 
gaaxevaiofiBPoi q>apegol i}t« inl xovg noXcfilovg, xal xovg ss 
SXXovg Txagaxai/iixe, ev Taxs, oxi ttffopxai Vfup, xal nugdoov^ 
rat fiifiBia-d-ai^ *iatag di tot xal dixaiop iaxip vfidg dwqti-^ 
gup XI xovx6ip, 'Tfitig ydg iaxe argaxfiyol, Vfiiig xa^lagx^^ 
xal Xoxayol' xal ore eiQtjpri tjp, Vfitig xal x^/^aai xal tt^ 
fiaig xovxtop inUfyptxxHXE" xal vvp xoIpvp, iml noXtfiogV^ 
i&xip, a^iovp dti vfidg avxovg iftdpovg xs xov nXrf&ovg ehah 
xal TtQoPovXhvup xovxtop xal ngonopup, tJp txov dirj. Kdt 
•^ ng&iov fUP olfMi av ifuig (liya op^aai xo axgdxwfta. 



Ki(p, a\] KTPOT ANABA2I2, 69 

il inififkfj&dijts, onwg avrl Ttiv anoXatkoTtav wg taxiara 
oiairiyol xal koxaj^l xtttaaja&biatv, **AviV ya^ a^ovtmr 
ovdip ttV ovTS xaXov, ovw ciya&oP yivoixo, e5^ ftiv awflovn 
elnttv, ovdafi'OV * ip di dri ralg ftokfftixdig, navxdnaatv, 'll 

6 ^liv yaq sixa^a a«ieiv doxth ^ $i Kia^la noXXovg rjdij aito- 
X(aXtxsv» EnBiSay de x«ra(jTi}(ri}(7i9^c xovg ag^ovxag, ofiavg dtty 
i)v xal xovg aXXovg axgaxitatag atlXiytixs xat naga&uQQVvri- 
xs, vifiat, Vfiag naw uv iv xcug^ nottjaai. IVVv fiiv yag Vaoag 
xal Vfitig aiad-uyta&Sf tug d^Vfiug fiiv n^Xd-ov inl xa owXuy 

10 a&Vfitog di ngog xag <pvXaxag ' mgxs, ovixa ye i)(6vx(av, oi* 
oi5a, o xt UP xig /^ijaociTo avxolg, ilxB rvxxog diot xi, eIxs 
xal riftigag. '^JIp di xig avxwp xgiiptj xag yptafiag, (og fi'^ 
xovxo fiopop ippooipxai, xi nslaopxai, iXXa xal xl noti^aovaif 
noXv tvd^VfioxtgoL laopxai, ^J£niaxaa&e yag di^nov, or* 

15 0VX8 TiA^d-off iaxip 0VT8 laxvg ^ ip x^ noXifio} xag vUag 
noiovaa' aXX onoTsgoi ap avp xoig -d^toig xaig ipvxaXg ig^ 
gtoiiepiuxsgoi itaaip inl xovg noXe^lovg, xovxovg wg imxo- 
noXv ol ipapxloi ov dixopxai. £pxe&{fjirifiai d lyioys, 
(o updgtg, xal xovxo, oxt, onoifoi fup fiaux-evovai (^p ix ixap^ 

90 xog xgonov ip xolg noXtfiixdig, ovxoi (dif xcutag xs xal 
aiaxg^g ^g imxonoXv aTio&Pi^axowjtv ' onoaoi di top flip 
&dpaxop iypoixaat ndot xoivop eJpai xal avayxaHop ap&gci^ 
Tioig, nigl 5i xov xaXwg ano&pi^axBip ayotviiopxai, xovxovg 
ogti fiaXXop nag ug xo yiigag aquxpovfiipovg, xai, loag ap 

9A fcijaif, €vdaifxopiaxtQOP dwyopxag, *ji xal ^fidg SmI pvp 
xaxafiad-opxag, ip iroiovro) yag xaigt} iafitp, avxovg xs ap^ 
Sgag aya&ovg Apot, xoLt xovg aXiovg JtagaxaXtip.*^ *0 flip 
xavx nnwp, inavaaxo. 

Msxa Tovxop 5' «Zot« Xstglaoqiog' '* \dXX» ng6a&8P fiiv, 

90 (u ^(poqtciv, xoaovxop fi6p4tv as iylypwaxov, o90P flxovop 
'Ad-fiPaXop elvai * vvp di xal inawoi as i<p* eig Xiysig xs xal 
ngdxxsig, xal fiovXolfiriP av oxi itXtlaxovg shai xoiovxovg' 
xoipop yag ap tXri xo aya&op. Kal vvp,** s<fnj, **/ii} (AUXtfitp, 



70 SENO0jiino2 [BtS. r\ 

tag, nal iXofAfvoi ijxiXB tig to fuaov xov atQUTOTiidov, xal 
jovg atQS&irrag a/ert* tnuza ixti avynaXovfitv jovg al^ 
X^vg nQtrntirag ' na^iatm ^* iiur,** etpt}, ^' xal TuXfitd^g a 
vi7^vl>^' Kal afia imvia ilnw ipien^, <»; fi^ fuXX»iTe, al- ft 
la ntqmviTO %a diorta, !c« tovtov {j^i&ijaav aqx^vxtg, 
irtl (liv KXtaQX^v TifiaaUiP Jaqdavwvg, ivtl ^i JSttuqd-* 
lovg Zay&iMXijg *Jx^^» ^"^^ ^^ *Aylcv Id^Hodog KXiartiQ 
*OQX<^/*i^i0^t ovtI di Mivnrog ^iXrfltog l<2fa»o;> ianl di 
nqolivov Ztvoifwp *A&riv§uog, M 



KeqxiXatov p\ 

End di f^Qtivro, ^fiiga ts ax^dhv vniipaire, xal tig to 
ftiaov T,xoy oi affJifoyTC^, tdo^y avroig, 7tQ0<pvXaxag yorTcr- 
vn^aavrag, avyxaXilv xovg OTQatKarag. Enil di xal ol 
aXXot argaTiUTat awfjX^orf aviQitj nQWTor flip Xiigiooipog 
i uiaxtdaifiovi^g, xal iXe^iv wde' " Jl ap^Qig oigattaiat, Wk 
XaXeita ^iw t« naqovraf onoxt ay^^or vtqarnyiip rotwtmv 
. OTfQOfiB&a xal XoxaytiP xal OT^aitmrtii' ' tv^o? d* iti xal ol 
aftq>l 'AgiaioVy ol ngoa&tv avftfiaxoi ovteg, Ttgodidwxaaiw 
iffiSg, "Ofiotg di dii ix xiav nagovruty apdgag aya&ovg xb 
ik&Mfy xal i/Lti vffifa&aif aXXa ntigaa'&ai, onwg, 17V fiiv dv~ 90 
ytofis&a, xaXtSfg ptxuvxeg tf»ibafi8&a * tl Si fti^, aXXa xaXwg 
ft aTxo&nfaxtifity, vnextlgioi di fii^itort jfiPiafie&a ^uvrtg- 
ToT; noXffitotg, Olgiat yag ay ^fiag xoiavxa nad-tly, oltf 
lovg ^x^Qovg 9I S^foi noii^oBiay.** 

£nl Tovxta KXsavmg ^Ogxofiiyiog ayicntf], xal iXt^y mde* a» 
*' jiXX ogaxt fiiy^ m aydgtg, xvfy (faoiXdiag iniogxlay xai aai^ 
fitiay' ogaxs di xrfV Ttaea<pigyovg aniaxlay, ogxig Xiymy^ 
ig yetx»y ts tirj xijg *EXXddog, xal Jitgl TtXttufw av noij^ 
9a(T» omwM, %iiagi xal inl xovioig aixog ifioaag ^fUP, ai^ 



Ke<p, j5^3 KrrOT ANABASrS. 71 

xoq ds^iag dovg, avtog ilanajr^aag, awiXaps rovg atgati^ 
yovg, xm* oiSi Jla Siviov j^dia^^f aXld, KlBagxoi xai ifto^ 
TQamiog ^evofitvog, avimg tovxotg ^anaxyaag tovg ay- 
6i^aq avoXtilExev, A^iaiog Si, ev ti^lg ii&iXo^v fiaaiXia 

^ xa^f^vstyiM, «al idtixuftsp ttei UMfiofuv niatd, fiti 9r^o- 
SiotrHv fuU^Xou^, Moi ovrog, ovts tovg S-fovg dslaetg, ovzt 
Kvffov %ov TtdvfiwTa €uds9d-eig, vifHSfuvitg fioJuaxa v;io 
Kff^v SmvTog, vvv nqog rovg ittuvov ix^laiovg anoatdg, 
^liug Tovg Kvfiov q>iXovg xaxaig itoulv nsiQuxau l^XXa 

10 tovtovg fiiy oi &tol aTtoxlaaivto ' '^dg di del, xoAxa ogtiv^ 
tag, fii^MO€€ i^anajfid^fjrai hi vno xovjotv, oXXju fiaj^ofid- 
vovg, ag dv dvvdfxt&et xgaTuna, rovro, o ti dv doxji roig 

Ex TOVTOV Sivoffmy ivUntnai, iarakfthvoq ug noX^ 

U liov ug idvrato xdXXtara ' vo^ttv, cSts vUtiv dtdnltw 
oi Stot, Toy xaXXiaioy xoofiov t^ vixdy nqiymV elis 
ttlivxdy d&ot, OQ&^g tz^iv, imv xaXUat^y kavxov d^itoaay-^ 
xa, iy xovTOig xilg xfXsvx^g xvyxdvuy ' xov Xoyov de ijQXSxo 
tods * ** Trfv liiy xuy fiagPuQmy inioqxi^LV xb xo» iniaxiay 

•0 Xiyu KXsdvwQ, imoxaa&h 8i, oc/i«ty xal vfiiig. El fih 
ovy fiovXevofiid-a ndX^y aixoTg did (piXlag Isvai, dvdyxfi 
^/idg noXXiiv a&vfiiuy (x^iv, ogtjvxag xovg axgaxriyovg, oa 
did niaxHag avxoig kavxovg ivfxsiqiaay, oia nsnoydaaiv' 
il nivxoi diavoovfie^a avy xoTg onXotg, aty xs ntnoiijxaai, 

S5 dlxf^y ini&uvai aixolg, xal x6 Xomoy did xavxbg noXifiov 
avxdtg iiyai, avy xolg ^toTg noXXal r^Xy xal xaXal iXnidsg 
tial awxriQlag." Tovxo di Xiyoyxog avxov, nxd^wxal xig* 
axovaavxig di oi axgetxwxai, Tidytsg fiia ogfijj nQogtxvyti^ 
aay joy Sidy' xal Ztyoqmy dits' ** Joxh fioi, a aydgtg, 

9$ insi tibqI anxfiglag r^ii^y Xeyoyxtay oUayog xov Aiog xov JSla- 
t^gog iipdytjf iv^aa-d-ai t^ &m tovt^i ^vcbip attxiiQia, onov 
£y n^Eoy Big (piXlay x^Qov a<pixiafjit&a ' avytnai^a&ai di 
Mol %dig SXXoig &Mlig ^wfuv natd dwuiuv* Kai ox^ doxBi 



72 gENO^JlTflVZ [Bi6. r*. 

%tm*!* tffi^, *' avvttivatm t^v JT"^"-" J^«* irirtirar 
anapug, 'Em toviov cvlovro xa« inaiapiaay, '£fnl di ra 
twp &(»p MoXtig J/iv, iigx^^ naliw ide' 

" ^En^Toyor Uymr, ou nollal nal naXal iXnldtg ^ftiv tltw 
amrti^Utg. JUffixw /Up ya^ Vf^fk f^ S/ini9ovfitv rovg • 
Tiur &WP of^WAfg, oL 9i noXifitoi inu^Qxr^naal rt, xal wg 
anopSag *al rovg o^*ovg UXvxaaip. Oviw d* fz^pxw, u- 
nog, xoig fih noltfUoig iponlovg tJpai rovg &iovg, ^fiir de 
avfjifjuixovg, oXnt^ ImopoI uoh Moi tovg fifydkovg raxif fu- 
ft^ovff noUip, Ttal rovg /iix^vg, mSp it Setrotg mai, amZuy \t 
9vnn£g, otikp fiavXmrrai, "JSntna Si, opaftPiiam ya(f vftag 
nal tovg r£p nqoyopw xw fifiniqttp nipdvpovg, %p* CiJ^re, 
^ iyad-olg tb v(up nQogi^xH tlpai, awSopxal rt avp roTg 
^9olg nal iu napv dttpnv o» aya&ol * il&opriop fup yaq 
JlB^wr nal wp aifP etitotg nafutXti&n axoX^, wg atpa- u 
riovPMP rag *A&^ag, vnoaxtfPiH ainoig *A&fiPaioi> xoXfi^" 
aoPTtg, ipluijoap aitovg. Kal iv^afttpoi t§ l^^ifudi, 
oTtoaovg Sp nataxopoup wp noXtfUvtp, roaavrag x^f*^^?^^ 
wna&vaiip rj &im, imt ovx il^op ixopag fv^etr, tdo^ep av- 
rolg mot' ipiennop ntpraxoalag &vhp * xal tu xat vvp ano- 90 
SvovaiP. "Ennxa ore Si^^g vartgop iy^lqctg xrip apagl- 
^fiifXOP axgatienf fiX&tP inl xtfp 'jSXXdda, xal tots iplxatp oi 
fifihtqoi TtQoyoPOi xoifg xovtwp n^oyopovg, xal xaxa yij-p 
nal xaxa ^dXixTtap, Up iaxy fisp xsxfirfQia oqcip to t^o- 
naia, fiiyiaxop d$ fiagxvQiop ^ iXtv&iQla rmp noltoip, ir as 
atg VfuTg iyipta&B xal irgaqniXB' ovdipa yag opd^q^now 
dtaniifip, aXXa xovg •d^ioifg ngogxvptixi. Thtovtiop fiir 
iats TtQoyopmP- Ov fih d^ tovto ys igoi, tjg vfisig xorrai- 
GxvptxB avxovg' aXX* ovnw noXXal ^giigai, atp* ov apxtxa" 
ifxfiepoi xovxoig xoig ixtlpotp ixyopoig, noXXanXaulovg vfiwp M 
avTWp ipixttXB aifp xoig 'd'(o7g. Kal xoxt fih d^ ntgl xtjg 
Kvgov fiikOtXtlag apdgtg f^xt dya&ol' pvp 9*, onoxB mgl 
xiig vfAixigag awiiglag 6 ayw iaxh noXit dinov ^fuig JtQoe^ 



KBif. /?'.] KTPOr JNABA2VS, 73 

%KU %al ifislvoyag xal ngo&VfMnigovg siym. *AkXtt fi^p 
9tal S-eiQQalemugovg vvv nginei sivai ngog tovg noXefiiovg* 
Tojs fiiv yaq aneigot ovxtg avxmv, to tb nli^dog afitTQov 
ogavTsg, o/x6i^ iioXfii^aaxB ovv t^ najgiio ^govr^fiart iivai, 
^ ug avTovg' vvy d^, omqjs xal nugav fjdij ^x^rs amwvy i)u, 
^ihivtji inxi nolXanlivun irtsg ^^ dix^&cn Vfiag, %i vfup 
Iti 7f Qifg^xti Toviovg tpofisia&atf Mti^i fiivtoi rovio fisiop 
So^rite 'ixsiv, H oi Kvgetoi, ngoa&ey avp vfiiv tarroftivoty 
vvy tt^>soT^xa0ty ' eu yag onxot, xvxiovig nai xwv vq>' fi/tww 

10 ^Tttifiivtoy • iqxvyoy yovp ngog ixUvovg, xataXmovreg VfAoig, 
Tovg ds id-iXovrag <pvy^g ugxitv, noXv xgutxov qvv rdig 
noXf^ioig jemo^vovg, ijf iy tJ i^ft$xsg«i xdUh ogay* Ei di 
ttg av Vfimv i&vfiii, Zu rifiiv /Asy ovx elaly ijtTtttg, tolg di 
noXfiiloig noXXol ndgeiaiv, iy&Vfi^d-tjis, mi oi (tvgtoi in- 

1ft nug ovdiy iiXXo, ij fivgiot ay&goinoi tiaiy ' vtto ftiv ydg 
Xnnov iv [lixjl ovdstg nanoTB ovn Srix^tlg O'Oxt laxjia&tlg 
dni&avty ' oi d avdgtg (ialy oi noiovyxig, o xi dv iv xotlg 
[itixaig yiyvtixai, Oixovv xwy ys innitay noXv ^fislg in* 
daq>aXBaxigov oxvf^a^og iafiiv ' oi /uiv yag i(p ' innu^y xgi- 

SO iiavxait (po^ovfityoi ovx r/fidg fiovov, otAAix xal xo xaxans- 
aiiv' rifAhig d* inl x^g ytjg fiffitixoxsg, noXv fiiv iaxvgoxtgov 
nalaofiBVf i/v xtg ngogitj, noXv S txi fioiXXoy, oxov dy i&i-^ 
Xo}fifv, X6v$6fis&a, *Iivl fiovif ngoixovfjiv tifidg oi innng' 
(fivystv avioTg »aifaXi(jxfg6y iaxiy, ^ 7ifiXv. Ei di drj idg 

S5 fiiif fidxng d'aggiixty oxi S ovxixt r^fiiy TiaacKpigvrig ^ytfOS^ 
Tttt, ovdi fiaaiXsvg ayogdy nagi^u, xovxo dx&ta&t, axi- 
y^aa&c, noxtgoy xg£ixxoy, Tiaaafftgytpf riytfiova fx^iv, og 
ijxiflovXivwy 71 fiiv <paysg6g iaxiv, ij ovg dv '^fmg dvdgag 
Xaflovxtg ^y eta &ai xtXtvatfifV ' o^i staovxaiy oxi, tjy xi ntgl 

SO ^ftdg dfiagxdvaai, Txtgl xdg kavx^v if/vxdg xal xd afapaxn 

otfiagxdvovai, Tu d inix^fiBia noxfgov (avtta &ai xgftxxov 

ix xijg ayogdg, ijc ovxot nagtlxoy, fjitxgd fiixga noXXov ag- 

yvglov, fir^di tovxo txi, ix^vxotg, t! aixovg XofilSdytiy, fjvnep 

7 



74 SBNOOANTOr [Bie. r\ 

nqatmfiw, fih^ X^fiirovg, iniotf iv Ixaatog Povltircu. 
£i di Tovra fih yt/rmaxnt, m outt» nQilnora, lovg di 
noxaftwg ano^p vofdCtJ9 dwai, %al /uyaXiag ^jruo&t ^^- 
nariid^yai dietfiarttg, attiiffaa&i, »i a^a toutq *al fna^o- 
jarar mnoi^itaaiv oi fta^fla^t. IlmrtMg (ih yaq ol nota" • 
(iol, ii nal Tifotftt t£v nfijtnr anoffot moh n^oiovai ngog 
tag ntiyag dutfiaTol ylywortoh ovdi to fovv /fQizovttg. JSi 
di fiii&* CM narafiol dioUrovatP, ^/tfuiv t« fifidtig <pawMui, 
oid * mg ^ftiy yt i&vfirftiow, ^Enuneifu&a ya^ Mvaovg, ovg 
ovx ay ^fJMP ipalfifity fitlxlovg elyatt oi, fiaaiXing axortog, ir io 
T^ Paaiking x^fftf nokiag t< xo» /ityaXag ual tvdal/ioyag no- 
lug oixovaty' iniatafa&a 5i llualdag igavmg' Avxa- 
cvag 9i moI avtol §t9ofity, on» iy xolg mdioig ja i^Vfiva xa- 
taXafioyxig, t^y tovrov x^9^>"^ ua^novyjot, Kal t^fiag d* ay 
ipaliiy tytayt X9VI^^^ (ninta tpa»tffovg ilya^ otxadt tigfitifti" i< 
yovg, aXla naiaaMtvaCta&ah vg avrov nov oix^aortag. OU 
da ydff, OTi mal Mvadig fiaaiXtifg noHoifg /lir ^ytfioyag ay 
dolff, noXXoifg S* ay ofii^^ovg tov ad6X»g ixndfuffuy' *al odo- 
nottiaHi y* ay aitolg, xal ti aw %t&qiitnoig fiovXotyto ami- 
yat. Kal ^ftiy y* ay old* ojt tQigdofAtyog ravia inolu, it k^Qa 90 
^ftag fUyBiy TtaffaoKtvaiofuyovg. *AXXa ydq didoixa, firjj 
ay ana$ fid^w/Aty agyol (fiy, not iy ag>&6yoig fiiotWHy, 
*ul Miidtoy di nal Jltqany uaXalg xoi (itydXaig yvyai^l 
xal naq&iyoig o/iiXuy, fiif, ngntg oi XMTO<pdyot, intXa&ti- 
fu&a Jijg otxadt odov. * ^oxii ovy fun %ixog xal dixaior si 
dyah TiQaroy tig triy 'EXXdda xal ngog rovg oixelovg nuga- 
ad-at atpixyuad-aif xal inidsHM jolg "EXXi^aty, o» kxoyxtg 
niyovxai, i&y aitolg, rovg yvy otxoi axX^govg noXitevoy- 
rag, iy^dds xofuaafUyovg, nXovalovg ogdv, *JXXa ydg, » 
SydQtg, ndvra lavxa xdyad^d dtiXoyori jwy xgaxovyxmy iaxL so 
Tovxo di da Xiyuy, nwg ay nogevolfud-d xt ug aaij^aXiaxa- 
ra, xal d fidxta&at dioi, ug xgdxtaxa ftaxolfu&a* J7ip«f» 
fiiw tolyvy,*' l^^, **doxt% fiot xaxaxavoat tag afid^ag, ag 



K9(p. p\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 75 

onot av tfj OTqau^ ovfupigrj * ensixq xal rag aativotq 9vyn»- 
laxetvacu. Avzat ^ug ixv o/Jiov ^h naqixovaiv aynv, qvv^ 
ti(f>ikovQi ds oidiv oVTt dg td fjiaxtad^ai, ovt* Big to t« 

• intTi^dsia ^civ. "Eti, ds xal ray alitor nxeiMV ra ntgiTji 
analld$wfi6v, nlriv oaa noldfAov tvtxtv fj nljfav ^ n<ndir 
iXOfisy • IV ' ug nleiofi /liv ^fiOiv iv xoig onlotg iaiv^ «^ 
ilaxKnm Si oxtvo<poQ^ai. Kgaiov^jiivmy (liy yag inUnot- 
a&s oxi Tidrxa alloxgia ' i^v di xgaiaifity, xal xovg nole- 

10 fiiovg dit axtvo<p6govg ^fisxdgovg yo/jU^siv, Aoinoy (toi 
tlnflv, oTxsg xal fti/iaxoy vofdita elr^xi, 'Ogdxi yag xal 
xoifg Txoltfilovg, oxi ov ngoa&sv iltvByxBiy ixol^^aay ngbg 
fjfiag Ttolsfioy, ng\v xovg exgaxrj/ovg riitwv Kfvvilufioy, pojil- 
iovxsg, orttiv fihf xuv agxoyxwv, xnt ^fimv n€i&ofiiywy, ixa- 

U vovg tivai lifiag Ttigiyevifrd^ai x^ nolifit^ ' la/Sovxsg di xovg 
agxovxag, dvagxla av xal axa^la iyofit^oy ^fidg anolia&au 
Ael ovi^ noli) fiiv xovg agxoyxag imfiBlsoxigovg ytviad-ai 
xoi'g vvy tcSv ngoa&tv, txoIv di xovg agxofiiyovg evraxTO- 
xigovg xal nBi&ofiiyovg ftalloy xoig agxovai vvy ij xal ngo^ 

30 a&ev. 'jT/v di xvg aTin&j, ijy yfTifpiaijads xov atl VfiHv ip^ 
xvyx^vovxa avv x^ agxovxt xoldieiv, ovvtog ol nolifitoi 
nliiaxov itpsvafiivot Baovxat ' xfjdB yag xjj ifug^ fivgiovg 
oif/ovxat, av»^* kvcg Klidgxcvg, TOtr; ovd' ivl imxgi^ovxag 
xaxta Btvai. *Alla yag xal nBgalvBiv ^Sti &ga ' Vawg ydg 

95 oi nolifuoi avxlxa nagiaovxai, "Otai ovv xavxa doxsl xa~ 
Img BXBiv, imxvgwadxio w^ rdxiaxa, iv* Bgyt^^ HBgalvtixai'' 
H di T( old$ alio fiilxiov, ^ xavxij, xol^unw xal o idMtixijg 
SiddaxBiv' ndvxBg yag xoivfig aaxfjgiag dBOfiB&aJ 

MBxa xavxa Xstglaoipog bijibv * ** IjXl^ bI fiiv xivog SXXov 

80 dBi ngog xovxoig, olg bItib SBVoip^v, xal avxlxa i^iirtmi so>- 
bIv' a Si vvy BtgtixB, doxil fio& £g xdxioxa ytff^iaaa&ai 
Sgtaxov Blvai ' xal oxf^ doxu tavxa, avaxBivdxw x^ X^9^' 
AvixBivav anavxBg. *Ayaaxig di ndliv bIjxb Stvoq>wy' 



76 SENO^IINTOS {BiG. 7^. 

*'TrZ Sv^fg^- auovaaxi m¥ ngogdtly ^oxer fi9i, Ai]k&v %xt, no^ 
ftVHM&m ^itag dtl, oJiov t^ofitP la iniji]biia, ^A^ovm d« 
MWfiag ilvttt xaXag, ov nlelor ifyoai madiar ixnfxovtfag^ 
Ovx «¥ ow -^avfitiZoi^i, li ui neXifjitoi, olgnfQ ol dtdol xv- 
vtq Tovq fniv nagiovrag 9itSx(rval tt xai 9dxvovatv, lyv Sv- ft 
rtivrai, lovg di dttaxonag q>iv/ovatv, tl xaX ovjoi ij/i«y 
iniovciv inauolovSoitr. "J^ng ovw moipaXiaTf^ox ^fitr 
voQfvra&ett nXatmov notr,0afiivovg twf onXnt^ ixa rot 
9xevo<f6gn xa« o TtoXvg Q^^og h aa^aXiexiQ^ ij. £* ovp 
rvx unodttx^ fifj, ttra XQV »V"*'^"* ^°^ nXatalov, xal to 10 
VQoa&tv xoofiflr, xai xlvug ini tiSv nXfVQUx bcaiifiux ilvai, 
xal ilxtig onia&<i<f)vXaxHv, ovx uv, onoxi ol noXifiioi tX-- 
'&01SV, (iovXtVfa&ai rjfiixg 9dm, iXXm ^Qf^l^f^* ^^ tvdifg roTg 
Tirayfiiroig. El fitp ow uXXo tig /iiXuox o^m, SXXfag f^i- 
TA) * ft da (11^, XiiQtao<]pog fikv ^iIu&k, indd^ xal Aaxtdai- 16 
Hovtog iaxi' itty dk nXtvgwp ixaxiqtiv dvo riav TXQfojJv- 
raroir axgaxrjyia inifjuXfla^t^v ' 67iia&o<fvX«xb)[jiev di ^fing 
ti Vfwtax9i, iyto jt xal T^ftaattar, ro vix ttvai. To di 
Xoinov, TtsiQWfisroi ruvxrjg xrjg xa^fttg, povXfvaofii&tt, o t* 
«y ad xgaxtaxex dexohj (Ixni, £i di tig aXXo fiiXxtov oqn, 20 
IflfiTft)/' *ii3jf I di ovditg arxiXtyiVt tlniv * **^Oxta doxii tav- 
TCf, ttvaiEivoixn tr}V X^iqa.^* *'±:doU tavxa, '* lYvv/* tqpij, 
*' aniertag noinv dn to did^yfiixa' xnl ogrig ts VfjLtJX xoifg 
olxitovg im&VfiH idnVf fiffiv^adu £v^ aya&og nvai' oi 
grdg iaxix aXXng tevxov tvznx * ogxig tt f^tjx dm&vfAe7, mi" » 
gans&m xixav • ttav fih yug vtxmvxny, to xaxaxahsiv, tuy 
di ijxt«(iivwy, to ano&y^0xsiy iatl, . Kal il tig yt, xgiffia- 
t»v iTxi&vfiu, xgatny neigaa^to' twv yag vixbivtuy iml 
Mol TO kavxmf onjiay, xal ra tmy ^xxu^idy^y XaiifidyHy** 



Ifojjp./'.] KTPOr JNJBA2I2. 77 

Tovrny Xtx^irroiv iviatfiactv, xal intX&orrtg xatixaiw 
tag cr/ior^a; xal lag axr^vag' rav di nfginwv, oxov (ih 
ddoito Tig, futedldoaay aXli^Xoig, xa Ss aXka ilg to Ttvg i^ 
qIitkow* Tavxa noi^aavx^g Ti^inonoiovvxo.' t^pioro- 
5 jtotov/iiviav di avxoiv e^x^xai Mt&Qidaxfjg avv innwauf tog 
TQidxovta, xal xaXtaa/iivog tovg ot^attjyovg dg inijxoop, 
Xiyti 01^8. " jEyeJ, (a avd^eg''£lkiiv€g, xai Kv^ Ttitnog ijv^ 
wg Vfifig inlataq&e, xal vvv Vfiiv ivvovg * xal iv&ads eifd 
avv noH^ q>6p^ didywv, JSi ow o^tjv vfidg anxi^(fi6v tt 

10 (iovXsvofiivovg, eXd-oifu av nqog vfiag, xal tovg ^tgdnortag 
Tiavxag f^tay, AilaxB ovv" ttpij, " nffog fis, tl ip v^ ?r«^«, 
^g nqog <plXov tt xal tvvovVf xal fiovXofitvov xoivjj avv Vfiiv 
tbv aroXov noiua&at" BovXsvofiivoig toTg axi^aniyolg bSo- 
|{y anoxqlpaa&ai tddi, xal iXsyt Xtiqlaotpog' " *Hfuy doxii, 

13 iqv (liv tig i^ VH^i anidvai otxadt, dianoQsvtaOat triv x^ 
gov (ug av dwoiiie-d-a aaiviatata * r^v di tig ^fidg tr^g odov 
unoxfaXvjjf dianoXtfiuv tovtt^, ug av dwi»(ie&a xqdxuna** 
*Ex tovtov intiqato Mi&Qtddxrig diddaxBiv^ fog anogov ifti 
PaaiUtag axovxog ati&iqvm, ^Evd^a dti fyiyvwoxito, ox* 

90 vnoTXffiTxtog itij ' jtal ydq twv T\aaaipigvovg tig oixtlav 

TxagtjxoXov&si nlatittg Bvtxa, Kal in tovtov idoxet tolg 

axgatxrjyoTg /iiXtiov tlvai Soyfia notr^aaad-ai, tov noXtfiov 

' axi^gvxtov ihah tgxs iv t^ noXtfil^ thv ' diiip&ugov ydq 

TxgogtovtBg tovg atgatimag, xal IVa ye Xoxayov diiq>&BiQC», 

SI Ntxagzov 'Aqxdda ' xal ^^no aniw wxjog avv iv^qiinoi/g 
ig ttxoai. 

Msta tavta agiatriaaytigj xal dutfldrtig tov Zdfiatov 
notafwv, inogivovto tttayfUvoi, ta vnoivyia xal tov oxXor 
iv /tia^ ex^vtfg. Ov noXv di ngotXfiXv&itmv mMn, ixtr- 

to ^paiffttai ndXiv o Mi&^dtiig, iitniag ^x^9V is dtauoalvtfS, 



78 gENO^SlNTOS [BiS. r'. 

jcac ToloTor; utai a^cy^onjra; nil; TeT^«xoa/ov;, /uffAa /iter- 
^^ovf xa» ev^furov;* %a} it^ogiju /up, ^g qtlXog ^v, nqog 
Toitg "j^rfVag, 'jiitii ds fyyvg iyivorto, Hanivrig oi fiiv av- 
wr ^To|cv»y xa» innBig xai nt^^, oi d ioipfrdoytar xal ixt^ 
T^QNTxoy. Ol d' onta&ofpvXaxeg iwp *JiXX^rwv tnauxov fiev • 
xaxol;, iyxBnoiovy di ovdiv * ct re ^'a^ KQriTfg p^axpttqat 
wp JFigaw ixi^ivi^p, xal a/ia ynXol ontg ttam rtiv onXttr 
MotT(xixleino * ot ts axorr^arai flqaxvuga ^xomiop, ^ ug 
i^ixrua&at tSp a<pipdovritwf. *Ex rovrov SiPOiptavxi ido- 
*n dimxxiop tlvtu ' xal idlvxop rwf rs onXnoiP xai itip lO 
ntXrwrtwf ot ttvxo/p avv air^ onio&o<pvXanovvTfg' dito^ 
KOPJtg di ovdipa' xotXiXagi/iaPOP wp noXfftlttP. Ovj$ yaq 
Inniig f^aetP toig "EX^ijaiP, ovn oi nfiot rovg ntiovg ix noX- 
Xov (ptvyovjag idvpttvio xaraXttfiflaPttP ip oXlyw X^Qtoj ' 
noXv yaq ovx olop tt f^P ino rov alXov aiqaxivfiaTog di<o- 16 
XHP, Oi yctg fidg/ktqoi inntig xal tpivyovxtg ana irirgfo^ 
axop, tig xovnia&of xo^tvopxtg ano xap Xtxtioip ' onoaov 5r 
ngodtei^iap oi "EXXf^Psg, xoaovxo naXiP inapax^qCiP (laxo^ 
fUpovg idn. Iflgxt xijg rifjtiqag oXrig diijX&OP ov nXiop nivrs 
xal lYxoai axadlap, aXXa dtlXtig atpixopxo tig xug xafjiag, 30 
^MP'&a dtj naXiP a&vftla ffP, Kal XsiQlaoqtog xal oi nqt-- 
afivxaxoi rwy axQaxijymp Sipotpi^pxa jlxiwpxo, oxi idltaxtp 
ano TTjg q>aXayyog, xal avxog tc ixtpdvptvs, xal xovg noXtfJ- 
ovg ovdiP fiaXXop idvpaxo fiXdnxstP. 

^Axovaag da o Stpoq^wp tXtyw, oxi OQ&mg ^xiupto, xal M 
> avTo xo tqyop avxoig fiaQXvgolrj. ** !4U' iyio,** ig>rj, " '^ay- 
xda&tip ditoxup, intl itogotp ^fiag ip xu fisptip xax&g fisp 
ndaxopxag, apxinoiiip di ovdiv dvpafiipovg. *EnEid^ di idna^ 
xofLiP, aXrjd-ii" tiprj, ^'vfiiig Xiytxs* xaxwg (asp ydg ovdiv 
}aoi%ip fiaXXop idvpufit&a xovg noXtfilovg, apfx^govfjiep di so 
ndvv jifaXenmiiff. Tolg ovp &eoig x^f^^i* oxi ov avp noXXjl 
(tafiij, aXXa tiw^ oXlyoig tiX&ov * Sgxt pXaipai fih /tii} fitya- 
Xa, djiXtiaai di, tor deofis&a. Nvp ydq oi fih noXifU4» 



Ktifu y\] KTPOr ANABASIS. 79 

tolivovoi not aq>svdov^aiv, oaov ovts oi Kgi^TBg anixoUtf-^ 
HV dvvavTai, ovis ol ix jjfft^o? (SulXovrsg i^ixvHod-ai ' orav 
di avTovg dKaxaififV, noXv fiiv ovx oiov it xtoglov ano tov 
aTQuxtvfAaTog diuixeiv, oXlyov di' fv&a, ov3* tl tot^vg iTrj, 
■ 5 nfiog ne^ov uv duaxwv xarald^ot ix toJov ^vfiarog, 'llfietg 
uh ovv tl fiiXXoftev romovg tX^yuy, wgtn /i^ dvvaa&at pior* 
TttHV Tifiag noQtvofxivovg, afpsvdoyijTCtiv re Ttjv jaxtorijy dil xal 
innitav, Axovto d* eivai iv r^ argaTivfieai '^fiwv'Podiovg, 
ft»v rovg nolXovg (paalv iniojaad-oti, a(pi>dovav, xai to pHog 

10 aixuv xal dtnXaaiov qitgea&ai twif Jltgatxar a<pfvdovtiv, 
^Exiivai yag ^ta to x^^Q^^^V^sai Toig Xid'Oig (Kjperdovav inl 
Pquxv i^ixvovvTUi, ' oi di yt *P6diot roii laig fioXv^laiv inl- 
ojavrat XQ^f'^f*^* ^^^^ ^'^^ avt&v iniax(iffM(jit-d'a ilvtg ninar- 
tai aq>tyd6vag, xal tovt^v tm fjiiv avtaiv aqyvqiov dwfiBV, r^ 

15 di aU.ag nXixtiv i&tXorrt aXXo agyvqiov reX^fitv, xal i^ 
aq>ivdoyav iyttrayfLivta i&iXovu aXXrjv riva axiXtiop ivgl^ 
axcafitv, Tatog xivsg qtavovnai ixarol tjfiag wifBXHP. *Ogm 
di xal Xmiovg ovrag iv tcJI atgatfVfiati, loifg ftiv rivag nag* 
ifiol, Tovg di t^ KXsdgxfo xajaXtXtiftfiivovg * nolXovg di xal 

20 aXXovg aixfJiaXciTOVg axivo(pogovvtag. Z4p ow tovtovg ndv- 
Tag ixXi$aPT(gt axivo<p6ga fiiv avtidwiifv, rovg di tnnovg 
tig Inniag xaraaxivdatafitv, tang xal ovtol ri xoifg tptvyw" 
rag avidaovaiv" "EdoU ravxa' xal xavxijg xtjg vvxxog 
aq>ivdovflxai, fiiv tig diaxoalovg iyivovxo, Xnnot di xal in" 

3ft nt7g idoxifidad-'naap xjj vaxtgala tig ntrti^xovxa, xal axoXch' 
dtg xal -d^figaxtg aifxoig inogla&tiaop * xal Xnnagxog di im^ 
axddii Avxiog o IloXvaxgdxov, !<l^yau>(. 



80 SEN0OJ12VT0S lBt$. r\ 

KtfdXaiov y. 

n^ialu^op iraaxintq' j^ifad^ctv yaq aviovg tdu diU" 
fi^yai, £9* 17 itpo/iovyjo /iij im&oirto ctvroig diaj^alyovaip 
oi noHfuoi, JiaftffitiHOfH di aviolg iitiqiaiveTat o Mi&Qi- 
dajfig naliv, ^a>r Inniag j^dlovg, jo^orag di xal atpirdovij- * 
rag tig TCT^akfQfil^ov; ' toaoviovg yaq ftttiot Tiaaaipigvtp^, 
ual tkafiiv, vnwsxofAtvog, f^v roviovg Xafy, nafffitdoioiiv ov- 
T^ tovg "JilXrivag, xaxaip^ovi^aag, m h jjj tfntQoa&sv ngo^ 
fioXj oXlyovg ix^v, tna&t fiiv oidip, noXXa di xana hofUr^ 
at noir^aai, *M7itl di oi "jiXkrivfg dmpffiiixoxeg anei/ov j^g 10 
Xagad^ag oaov oxtu atadlovgt du/iaiPt xal 6 Mi&Qtdatfig, 
ixaty liip dvyafiiv, JJa^TfyytXto di, wv re ntXtaawv ovg 
tdn ditaxHV, xal rmv oTtXiwv, xal toig Innivatv tX^xo 
•&a(^ovai dieixHV, wg iq>ttpofiiviig ixarTJg dwdfitwg, 'is'7r<* 
di o Mi&Qidatfig xaxtiXi^ipsi, xal ildti aqxvdopai xal roUv' l^ 
fuxia iUxvovrro, iaiffifivt toig "JiXXtfoi r^ aaXniyy^ xa^ ev> 
^vg k&fop Ofioat, oig cIJpijTO, xal ol Inniig i^Xavrov ' oi di 
oix idblavxo, aXX t<pevyov inl xt^v j^a^a^^oy. 'Ep xavxij 
T^ diitiUi xolg fiaQJid^oig xup xb Trefdiy ani&avop noXXol, 
xal xtap iititinp ip xjj x^^il^^Q^ i^ol iXii<p&fiaap tig oxtqi- 90 
ualdtxa' xolg d* ano&apopxag avxoxiX$vaxoi oi "ElXfjptg 
^xlaapxo, ig oxi ipofiegioxaxop xoig noXffdoig iVti oqdp. 

Ktd oi flip noXiftioi ovxoi n^d^apxtg an^X&op' ol 
d^^EXXriPtg aaipaXwg noQtvofUPOi xo Xotnop xijg ^fu^ag, a<pt-' 
xopxo inl xop Tiygtiva noxa/iop. *£vxav&a noXtg tjp igif' Sf 
fifl, titydXfi, opofia d* avx^ tip Aaqicoa' ^xovp d* avx^ to 
naXaiop Mfidoi' xov di xdxovg ijy ovr^^ to $VQog nipt» 
xal ttxoai nodtg, vif/og d* ixaxop ' xov di xvxXov 17 m^Uh' 
dog dvo naQaadyyat* ^xodoiitito di nUp^otq xtgaftUuf' 
x^fifjilf di wnip U&lpti, TO v^fog ttxaoi nodSw, tWt^ W 



Kt<p. d '-1 KTPOr ANABA2I2. 81 

Paadsvg 6 Hsgabiv, ots naqa Mi^dtav iXafiflamv tiji' igxi^ 
Jligaac, Ttoliogxwy, ovdevl rgonm idvvaxo kWiv' ^Uog da 
ytfpelrjv ngoxaXvipctg, ^(pdriae, fifXQ^S oi uv&gnnot i^iXi- 
noVf xttl ovifog ktilfa. Iltg avitiv T^f nohv t^v nvgtxfjiig 
« Xi&lvfl, TO fiiv fvgog h'og nXd&gov, to ds vtpog dvo nli&gtov, 
Enl jttvrrjg ttoXXoI xet-y ^agPiigtav rioav, ix lav nXrioior 
xwftoiv anomqKvyoirg, 

EvTivd-iv inogtv&fiaav ara&fiiv tva nngasfxyyag tj 
ngog tiixog Bgi^fiov, fiiya, ngog t^ noXn xflfiivoV oiofiot 

10 5 tiv ifi uoXii MdaniXa' J^rtdoi 5' avniv itots ^txovv. 
'JIv de ^ fih xgfimg Xi&ov UiJfov, xoyxvXKXTOV, to Bvgog 
mvtjjxovTCt Ttodwv, xai to vtffog nfvjrlxovja. Enl di tmltj} 
infaxoHofirixo nXir^ivop Tfixog' to fitv evgog nstti^xovTtt 
nodwv, to di vipog ixarov' rov de xvxXov if ntgloSog S 

16 nagaaixyyai. ^EvTuv&a iXiyeto Mifiia yvrri jiaaiXi»g xa- 
ia(pvyup, oi8 anoiXsaap tr^v igxh^ ^^^ Jltgamv Mr^dou 
Tavtfiv ds T^y noXiv TtoXiogxejv 6 Jlegawp fia&iXivg oix 
idvvato OVTS X(f^'*'H* «^**''> ovts pin' Ziifg d* iftdgortujrovg 
noiCi lovg ivoixovviag, xa) ovrtag laXia, 

40 Evtev&fp d' inogtv&r^aoLV ara&nov tva nngnaayyag Te?- 
tagag. Elg rovror di tov ata&fioy Tiaanffigvtjg intcpdvi), 
ovg TC avro; tiXd^iv Inniag fX^^* *«» ''^^ ^Ogovtov dvvafiir, 
Tov rrjv ptnatXiwg ^vyaxiga fx^tvrog, xal ovg Kigog fx^ar 
avijirj PttgPtxgovgt xat ovg 6 fiixaiXi(ag adfXfpog fxfav flaaiXti 

Sft ipor^d'H, xal ngog tovxoig, oaovg §aaiXivg tdiaxev uvt^ * 
tagts to OTgttTSVfia ntxfinoXv iifdvtj. End di lyyvg iyivtTO, 
idg fiiv TcSy Toc|f fuy ilxfv onia^sr xaracTtiatxg, jug di tig lei 
nXdyia ntxgaytxywv, ifi^dXXnp fiiv ovx iroX/iijatr, aid* 
i/SoiXtro diaxivdvvfVHv ' aqtBvdovdv di nagi^yyuXs xal to- 

»0 ^svsir, Enil di dtenaxd-irttg ol *P6dtoi i0<pfvd6vi}aay, xal 
oi Sxvd-ai Toloxai, ixo^tvoav, xal otdilg ^fidgiaper iv- . 
dgog * ovdi ydg, ei ndvv ngo&vftolTO, (tfdioy t^v * xal o 
T\aaaq>£gviig fidXa raxifiig l^co fitXeiy anfX(oQCh x«» [o*] 



82 jf£2yo*iizvTOJf [BiS. r\ 

SlXai Tcrlcif antxiofftiaav, Kal to Xoiitor t^$ Vf^Q'*^ oi 
fuv ixQqtvovxit, ai d' ^novxo' Kid ovxitt iulvovro ol fid^ 

^tltqOt TjJ TOIC ixQofioliail' fiUM^Tt^OV yuQ Oi T< 'Podioi 

yaia di xml ra ti^a ra Jlt^txd iojiv ' wgre ^q^uifia tiv, « 
ivoua uXUixoito wtf toUvfiovny, roig K^fjal' xal duxi^ 
low ;)f^'/ifyo» rolf tcSIi^ noltfilmp roUvfiaah xa^ ifiiXixav 
lohvtir arw Uvxtg fiau^dr, £v^laHno di xal viv(fa nol- 
la iv julg xw^ig xal ^Xvfi^og' wsts j)f^{a^ai slg rag 

Kal xavwfj fiip tfj ^fii^if, intl xaxtor^axoirtdtvovto ol 
"jE^XXtivtg xm/taig imtv^^wjeg, aniiX&op oi fid(ffia^oi, fiuov 
t^ovxtg ip tj Tors axgofloHoW rijy di iniovaav f^fiif^av 
ifAtivay ol "l^fiveg, xal iniQiil^ano ' ffv ydg noXvg alxog 
iv juig xtofutig. 7^ d' vaxe^alcf inoqivono dta jov ne- 16 
diov, xal Tiaaa<pdffV9ig clWcro ax^ofioXiiofiirog, *'Ev&a d^ 
ol ".^iXtjvtg fyvwoav, on, nXalaiov iaonXtv^ov novriqa xd^ig 
tr^ TtoXiftluv inofiivt^v, ^Avdyxri ydQ iativ, ijv fth avyxv- 
nxfi xa xiqona xov nXaialoVt (J odov arevoxi^ag ovotig, ^ o^c- 
otv avayxuiovxwv f yupVQug, ixd^Xlfisa&at xoifg onXlxag, xal 30 
noQevea&ai sroyij^oi^, SfAU (iiv nuiofiivovg, a/ia di xal 
xoi^xxo^ivovg' mgxt dva[X(f^axovg ilvai avdyxtj, ixdxxovg 
ovxag. "Oxav d* av didaxu ^^ xiqaxa, avdyxri dtaanda&ai 
tovg x6x8 ixd^XifiofiSPOvg, xal xsvov ylyvta&ai x6 fiiaov iwr 
M^dtoitv, X4xl ad-VfiHV xovg xavxa ndaxovxag, xuy TtoXtfilav is 
ijtofiivmv, Kal o-Moxe dioi yiqwqav Hia^alvuv iq dXXijv 
tiva dtd^aaiVf BaJtivdtv txaaxog, ^ovXofUvog fp&daai nfoi- 
Tog' xa* siiTxl&txov %v ivxavO'a xolg noXiftloig. *E7Xil di 
xavxa lyvmaav ol ^x^axfiyol, inoit^oavxo t^ Xo^ovg awa Ixa- 
zov avdqag, xal Xoxayovg iniari^aav^ xal aXXovg Ttivxfixoy^ M 
T^^tf^, xal aXXovg ivvifioxdgx^9» Ovxoi di no^Bvo/it^oi oi 
Xoxayol, onoxB fiiy avyxvuxoi xa xBQaxa, vm(jLsyoy vaxtQOi, 
ctgxJB fcfl iyoxXeiy xdlg xigaai * Toxe di nagijyoy l$«^ey Tcuy 



KBq>, d'.J KTPOr ANABASIS. 83 

Tttqaxtav. *0n6ts di didaxoitv al nXtVQou rov nXaialov, to 
fiiaov avt^tnlfiTiXaaaVf tl fikv arBvoTfgov iXri to diixov, xtX" 
T« Xo^ovg • tl ds nXatvugov, xaia ntrttixoarvg ' h Si naw 
nXarv, nai* ivmfiorlag' agrs ael exnXstoy tlvai to fiiaov. 
A Ei di xal diapalvhiv tiva dioi dial^aaiv ij yifpvQov, ovx. 
iTttQoiTTovTO, aXX iv TM fiigsi oi Xoxoiyol diifiaivov ' xal 
«* Ttov dioi Tl Ttjg (pdXa/yog, inntaQijaay ovtoi. Tovt(^ 
T^ TQonto inoQSvd-ijaav ctad-fiovg ThTTaqag. 

'Hvlxa di Toy m(inTov inogtvovTO ata&fiov, tldov paai- 

10 Xuov Tl, xal niQi avro xwfiag noXXdg ' tt^v rt odor ngog to 
Xtoglov TOVTO did yrjXotptav viprjXmv yipfofiivfiv, ot xa&ijxor 
ano Tov ogovg, v<p* ta ijy xoSfit}, Kal iidov fih Tovg yijXo- 
(povg aofiivoi oi "ElXfivig, ,wg eixog, twv noXi/iitav ovxtav Jtt- 
niioy. £nii de nogtvofitvoi ex tov ntdlov avijiijaav inl 

W TOV ngaxov /i^Xo(pov, xal xctripaivov, tag inl tov tttgov ava- 
(ialiv, ivrav&a iniylyvovTai ol pdqPagoi, xal ix tov vipij^ 
Xov Big TO ngavkg t^aXXov, iaq)ivd6vav, iTO^ivov vno fjiaaTh 
ytav' xal noU,ovg xaTSTirgmaxov, xal ixgdTtjaav tuv 'EX" 
X^vav yvfivi^Tav, xal xaTixXuaav aviovg iXata twv onXtaV 

20 &gjt TTOvrdnaoi Tavrr^v tt^v ^fjiigav axgriaroi ijaav, iv tw 
oxXia ovTtg, xal oi aq>ivdovflTai xal oi TO^OTai. JEnsl di 
nifiofiivoi oi "EXXfivig iufxtigriaav diaxBiv, axoXjj ftsr inl 
TO dxQOv d(pixvovvTai, onXiTai ovrsg ' oi 3s noXifiioi Taxv 
dnsni^dav. ndXiv di, onoxt dnloitv ngog to aXXo argd- 

M TBVfXa, TavTa tnaaxov ' xal inl jov dsvTigov yfiX6<fot rau- 
TU iyiyviTO' agTS dno tov Tgixov yrjX6q>ov idoUv avTotg 
fiTj xivBiv Toitg GTgaTKotag ' nXf^v ano Tijg dthdg nXtvgdg 
TOV nXaialov dvr^yayov ntXTaOTug ngog to ogog. *£nBl 
d* ovToi iyivovTO vnig Tav inofiivtav noXBfilmv, ovxsti ins^ 

so tI&bvto oi noXifiioi Toig xarajialvovai, dsdoixoTBg, fi^ 
anoTfifi&Blriaixv, xal aftcpoTigta&BV ainwv yivoivro oi noXi^ 
ftioi. Ovtoi TO Xomov Trjg rijiigag nogBVOfitvoi, oi ftiv Trj 
od^ xatd Toifg yiiX6<povg, ol di xorra to ogog ininagiorttg, 



84 SETfO^SlNTOS [BiS. r\ 

iupUwjo dq tag xtifiug, xal tar^ovg Kareori^aorf! oxtm* 
KoXlol yaff Tfaav ol iiT^ufuvoim 

'jivxav&a tfitivav ^fii^ag rgtig, ual wv xttQWfuvuiP crs- 
Ha, xal ufia initrfitia noXXa tlxop, aXcv^a, olvoy xal xq»^ 
^ag innoig avft/U^Xrifiivag noXXag. Tavja di awfvijyfiirtt ft 
f^v Tftf aaT^ntvovTi lijg xni^ag. l^id^Tfj d* ifidqef xaia^ 
fiaivovaiv tig to nedlov. 'Eitil d$ xaxiXa^tv aixovg Tta- 
Gaq>i(fVfig avv t/jf dwdfiti, iStdaUv aiioifg { aydyxti xara- 
' axTfivijaat, ov ngmoy tidor xtofitiv, xal firj noQtvsa&ai hi 
liaXOftivovg ' noXXol ydq ijaar anofiaxoi, oi rtrQOifiivoi, xal lo 
ol ixdvGvg <pi^bmg, xal ol iHv qxgortav td onXa dt^d- 
(itvoi. Entl ds xtntaxr^vi^aav, xal intzsi^iiaay avtoig 
axffoftoXlitad-at oi pdf^fiaqoi, nqog rigr xufiiiv n^toyrtg, 
noXv TttQi^fjov oi "jEXX'^vtg * noXif ydq diiiptgtpf ix tTi^g /u- 
qng 6(f/i^vxag dXi^aad'ai, tj nofftvofiirovg iniovai rolg noX$~ u 
filoig fidxfo^ai, 'jivlxa d' i}v ijdri dtlXii, ^Qa riv aniivai 
Tolg noXifdoig' ov note yaq /ahov antjTgaxonedevovto ol 
pd(^(iaiiojL xov '£XXfivixov k^i^xovra axadlwv, ipopovfiiyoi, (lii 
trig vvxTog ol "j^ipftg ini&olvxo avxolg. Jlonjifov ydq 
vvxxog iijxi axgdxsvfia IltQaixov. OX xb ydg initoi avxoTg 90 
didivxat, xal (og invxonoXv mnol^iafjiivoi tial, rov /uig tptv^ 
yiiv tvixtt, d Xv&dtiaav ' idv xi xig ^oqvfiog yiptjxat, dii 
iniadlai, xov Xmiov Jliqorf avSQi, xal ;)faiUvcti(7a» dtl, 9ial 
S-tagaxta&irxa avapSjvat inl xov Xnnov. Taixa Sb ndvxa 
XaXBTtd ^vxxtiff xal ^of^v^ov oviog noiBiv, Toi'tov ivBJta S9 
TtOQ^a dnffjx'^vovv xav 'eXXi^vohv. 

Jb'TTC* Sb fyip'toaxov avxovg ol "jEXXrivtg fiovXofidvovg ami- 
vat, xal diayytXXoidivovg, ixi^^^vU xdtg "eXXiioi ovaxtvdoar' 
ad^ai, axovovxfav xoiv noXffiloiV. Kal XQovov ftiv xtva ini-r 
oxov xrig noqdag ol paff^aQOi,' iirndrj ds oipi iyiyvBxo^ M 
anjjtaav ' oi ydg idoxfi XvaixfXiiv avtoig vvxxog tto^cu- 
Ba&at xal xaxdyta&ai ini x6 axqaxomHov, *£7tBi5!i ds qot' 
€pag aniovtag i'fiti kwgtrv ol "EKXriveg, inogtvovto xal avtol 



Knp. d\] KTPOr ANABAS12. 85 

ipoCivimnctg, %ai difjXd-ov oaov . i^i^KOvta arttdiovg ' zai yl- . 
yvtxai Toaovtov (ittnii jwp aTQutivfuliKav, aisit t} wtriqaUf 
ovx iipavipfuv ol noXifAiOh ovdi rp t^rp ' jji de TBtaf^Tij, vth- 
xrig jr^ofXd ontg, xaraXafAfiavavm x^if^'' intgdiSiov oi ^q- 
ft fiaifoh y ifitXkoif oV'EHiivtg Tfagiivai, axgmvvxiav OQOvg, V(p' 
^V ij xata^aatg tfp tig to nfdiov, 'UtihS^ de IcJ^cr o Xtigioo^ 
ipog TiQOxatHXifftfAiyfjv T^y ax^o»yv/MX*'> xaXtl Seyofpuvia 
ano Tfig oiqag ' xa* xtXtvei Xaflovra Toii$ nsXtaaxag nuQa- 
yfvio&at (Ig to nqoa&Bv, *0 Ji S^oip^v tov^ filv* mX- 

10 taoxag ovx tiytv ' iniffaivofitvov /ag kfuffa Tiaaadpigvtiv , 
xal TO tngaxiVfAn naV avxog di nqagsXauctg tjipcijra* *' Ti 
xaXiig / " *0 Jf Xfy$i avito ' '* *7i$<OT<i' o^ofy * ngoxaxfiXii- 
mai ytitq ^ifuf 6 vniq xr^g xcttafiaaaog X6q>og^ xal ovx eaxi 
naqtX&eiy, ti f»^ xovtovg unoxoiftofitv, *AXXa xl ovx tiytg 

U xovg ntXvttaxag ;" 'O di Xdyth on ovx idoxH avxut tgrjfAa 
xaxttXiitEiv xa OJiiad-tv, inigiaivofiivfov xav noXffilatP. 
** 'jiXXa fifi^ mga y /* «g)f/, ** jiovXfVFO&at, nug tig xovg av- 
dgag aniXa ano xov Xoipov,^^ £viav&a Stvoq>wv oQi} TotI 
OQOvg triv xOQvgitiv vnig aixov xov axgaxevftaxog ovoav, xal 

90 ano xavxrig Btpodov inl xov X6q>ov, ev&a riaaw ol noXiftioi * xal 
Xiyti ' ** Kqdxiaxov, aj XBigioo(ps, ^filv Vea&ai. ug xaxiaja 
inl xO axgov ' iav yaq xovxo XajSmfitv, oi dwrioovxai ui- 
vsiv ol vnsQ T^^ odoi;. AXX , ti (SovXti, fiivs inl X(^ otqU" 
xtvuaxi, ' iyui de i&iXo) noQivta^ai ' ti ds XQV^^tg, nogtvov 

25 ^71* TO oQog, iyat di fitvci avxov" ** ^AXXa didmfil aoh* t<pri 
6 Xtiglaoq>og, " onoxiqor ftovXth kXiodau** JSindiv 6 aspo- 
<pwVf 0X1, vtuxtgog iaxtv, algtXxai, nogtvtadai' xtXtvti di ol 
avfinifupM ano xov axofiaxog avdqag ' fiaxgav yag ijv, ano 
tijc ovgag Xafith. Kal 6 X(tgiooq>og avfinifinti xovg ano 

SO Tov Qxofioxog ntXxaaxdg ' tXa/is di xoi/g xara ^iaov xov 
nXaiahv. 2winfa&ai d* ixiXtvatv avjiit xal xovg tgiaxo^ 
oio^jg, ovg aixbg tly$ Tcuy imXixxup inl t^ atOfMX^ xov 
nXaiaioy, 

8 



86 SEyO^JlTTTOS \Bi6. r'. 

*Enti&9P ino^tvorto mg idwawto JttXHneu Cd 9* inl 
Tov iU>90V nMftiOi, i»g iraiiaap avrwy r^y noftlop inl to 
ux^v, §v&vg Mol ttitol m^fitiaav ufuXlaa&at dnl to ux^r. 
Xttl inav&a nolkti fth x^avyii ijr tov *£XXriPtxov ot^- 
Ttvfunog, dittutltvofUrmv raig lovTiwy* noXiti di x^avy^ • 
wp ifopl T\o(taipifVfiP, xotg knniiv diaxtXivoftivnr. StPO- 
ipmp di naqtlavpwp inl tov innov, na^tx$XtV€io ' ^^'Idvd^tg, 
rvr inl t^w *£Xlttda rofUSnt afuXXaa&ai, vvw n(i6g toifg 
nMag xal Tcr; yvwaixag, vvp ollyor nonioarttg x^opor, ifta^ 
Xil Ti)y Xotntiv nofftvaofii^a" JSkiTrjffldag di o ^xvtiviog IP 
ilnep * ** Ovx i$ taov, w Zipotpnpf iafiip * ov fupyag iip* Xn- 
nov oxjft fyw d< jifaXcffio^ xdfipn T^y atmida tpigutp" Kai 
Sg, ixovaag Tovra, xatanridiiaag ano tov imrov, ti&ttTtn 
avtop ix ttfg ta^tmgf xal rifp ianida iiptXofAtPog, wg 4dv- 
pato taxtara §x^^ inoQivixo, ^Mrvyxapi di xal -&iu(faxa u 
^«y wp Innixop * mgtt inUCtro, Xal toTg fup tfinifoa&tp 
^ndyup noQtxtlemo, joig Si onia&tp, naqiipai, fioyig 
biofurotg. Oi d* allot aiQavtwai nalovai xal pdllova$ 
xal lotdoQOvai top JS^tti^Sap, igtB ^pdyxaaop la/iopra r^r 
ianlda nofftviad-ai. *0 di apapdg, mg fiip fidaifia i}r, 90 
inl tov Xnnov fiytp ' iml di afiara t^p, xataltn»p top Xn^ 
nop, tanivdB nrj^j. Kal «p&dpovaip inl rf ax^ ytPOfiBPo^ 
toifg noltfdovg. 



KegxiXaiov b\ 

%y^a dfi o2 fih (fdif/iaQOi CTQafpivrtg npnfyop, ^ ftro- 
CTog idvpaxo* old* *'EXhnPtg zIx^p to Sx^p. Oi di ifiipltB 
TiaaatpiffpfiP xal *Jffunop anotgancfitpoi Sll'^ odop ^ov- 
10* oi di ifitpl X8i{flao<poPf xarafidpTtg tig to ntdiop, 
imifOTonidtvaaPTO ip xmfifi fitarjj nolXitp aya&wp. llnop 
di xal SlXfu xAftai nolXal, nlif^Big nolliip aya&Af, i» 



Ktq>. «'.] KTPOr ANABASIS. 87 

i8i;rw T^ nidUfi, naga tor Tl/Qtiia noiaftoVm 'jivlxa d^ ijp 
diilri, i^aniyrig inifpalvovxai ol noXifiioi iv rf ntdUa, %al 
T^v *JiXk7Jvwy xarixoiffdv rivag tuv iaxtdaafiipow h t^ n^ 
dim xad" aQnayrjP* xal yaq^ pofial noHal fioaxrifidiwy, 
dia^ifiaj^ofievat iig to nifftxv row notafiov, xoticAc/qp^f^aay. 
^Enav&a Tiaaafpi(fvtig xal ol avv avt^ xaUiv inex^l^V^a^ 
rag xmfiag. Kdl iwr ^J^^vtov fidXa i^^Vftriadv jivsg, iv- 
voovfiivoh fi^i T(x iTtiTi^dHa, ti xavanty, ovx ix^uv ono&sr 
Xaufidrour. Kal ol fuy ifign Xtt^iaog>oy anffBoav ix jijg 

10 fiotiS-ilag ' o di Stvoipwr, intl xujifitff naf^iXavvwv rag xa- 
|«^, iivixa ino tfig pon^^tiag aif^rtfiauy [ol ''EXXnvtg'\, XXb- 
ytv* "*0^flfTf, 01 opdfftg "liXXfiveg, vqnivrag, T^y jjfoi^ay ^Stf 
ruitriqay Avtu * a yd^, oxt iaitivdoyro, dun(fdxxono, fiij 
xalnv rriv fiaaiXk^g x^gav, vvv aixol xalovatv tag iXXo- 

1ft XQiav. *AXXa idv nov xaxaXiitmal ys avxoig xa iTuxijdua, 
o^ovxat xal '^fjuig hxav&a noQSVOfiivovg* AXX*, cj Xtigi" 
(Foqtt" f<pfi, '* doxii fioi (iori&Hy inl xovg xalorrag, tag vnkq 
xiig ^fitrsQag,** *0 di Xuqlaoq>og ttitiv ' ** Ovxovv Bftotys 
doxii' aXXa xal ^fitig,''* iqifi, ** xaltofiiv, xal ovxa ^axxov 

90 navoovxai" 

'End d* inl tag axrivag ani^X&oy, ol fih aXXot nt^l xa 
inixi^dtia fiaav, axQaxtiyol di xal Xoxayol avvijX&ov. Kal 
ivxav&a nolXii dnoqla ijy. ^Ev^ty fjuv yaq o^if ^y vnf(fv- 
if'flXn, ty&ey di 6 noxafiog xouoviog x6 (id&og, wg (irfii xa 

S5 doQoxa vnt^ixity nttgto/jiivoig xov pd&ovg, 'Anogovfiivoig 
di avxoig itQogiX&uy xig aytj^ ^Podiog, (Intv ' " ^Eym &iX<o 
vfiag, ta ardQfg, diafiipdaai xaxa xsxQaxigxiXlovg onXlxag, 
f}y lioi, ei)> diofiai, vnij^cvifa^Te, xal xdXayxov fiia&oy noql- 
arixe" 'Eguxufurog di, oxov dei^aoixot '* [daxtiv" tqnj, 

to *' digxiXUty difjaofiai * noXXa di o^w xavxa ngo^axa, xal al- 
yag, xal (iovg, xal ovovg, a anodaqivxa xal apvatid-iyxa ^tjf- 
dlvig ay naqixoi xi^y didjiaaiy. Aii^aofiai di xal xwy dia(ib»y, 
olg XfA^^^ ^'^Q^ ''^ vnolvyux. Tovxo^ d*" lyij, " iiv^ag 



88 SENO^JINTOS [Bt6. r\ 

Tovg ianovg TtQog iXXr^kovg, i^/iiaag txaatop aaxov Xl&ovg 
AflJj]ijag, Kot afipilg otgntq ayxv^ac, et^ to vdtHQ da i^aynav, 

"Ott fiiy ov¥ ov xatadvata&tf^ avxlua fidka ttoB&s ' 6 yuff 
aaxog dvo ard(jfiig l$» tov ftri xatixdvvai' wgtt di fi^ oXi- i 
ad-arttVt -^ vlii xal ^ yij a/ijaet." 

' [dxovaaai tavxa lolg aT^mtjyoig to fjtiv ii^^vfitifta x^- 
gliv idoxti ilvat, to di fip/oy advvaiov' ^ifav yog ol xm» 
XvaovTfg nii^ noXXol Urnsig, ot tv&vg lotg ngtotoig ovdiy 
av inirgtnov Tovroiy noiHV, Evrvv&a T^y fih vattgatay 10 
inotvtxtuQOvy fig tovfinaXtv ij itffog BafivXctra, iig tag 
ixavatovg x^fttig, xtttaxavaantg erd-9w ilj^taoa^' £gts ol 
noXifiioi ov TtgogriXawifp, aXka i&9iayto, xai oloi rfOctv ^av- 
fidifiv, onoi noTB rgiiffOVTtu ol *!EXXfirtg, nal ri iv v^ ^otey. 
'Evtav&a ol /ih ulXot afgarmtai ifitpl ta iTtirridtia fjactr ' u 
ol ds argarriyol xal oi Xozttyol ndXiy avvijX&oy, xal our- 
ayayovTig jovg aixfuxXoiiovg, riXtyxov Tijr xvxA^i ndoav 
X^g»y» ttg ixdaTii ifrj* Ol d tXtyov, on ra fiiv ngbg ^e- 
OTfifiPglav tr^g inl BaPvXuva bI'ij xal Mtidlav, dt> fignfQ 
ijxouv ' ^ ds ngog tot, inl 2ovad tb xai 'Ex/Sdxava iptgoi, SO 
tvd-a ^fglittp xal iagi^HV Xiytrai flaaiXevg' ^ di dia- 
pdvxt tov norafiov ngog ianigap, iid Avbiav xal 'ifavlav 
(pigoi* ^ di dta wv ogivtv xal ngog agxTOP mgafifMivij 
on fig Kag^ovxovg ayot. Tovxovg d* t<paaav oixflv avd 
rd ogtjf xal noXffiixovg flvai, xal fiaaiXiag oix dxovuV so 
aXXd xal inPaXiiv nott fig aijovg PaaiXtxjjv otgajidv, dio- 
dfxcx fivgiddag' rovttov de ovdiva anovoatijoai did Tijy 
dvcxtaglav' onotB fiiyjoi ngog tov aargditfjv top iv TiJ ttc- 
dim antiaatvTo, xal intftiywo&ai aqmv m ngog ixtlvovg, 
xal ixfivtov ngog avrovg, BO 

'Axovaavrsg de lavxa ol OTgaxtiyol, ixd&iaav /<u^t^ tov^' 
IxaaxaxoGB q>daxovxag iidivai, ovdiv dijXov noi'iaavx^g, 
onoi nogevsa&at BfieXXov, *£d6xBi de %olg aTganjyoig 



Kf<p. «'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 89 

avayntuov ilvai, 8ia twv ogitov fig KagSovxovg ifi/SdXXsiv ' 
rovxovg yag disX&ovrag i(paaav slg 'Aggitvlav ij^fiv, ^g 
Ogovxag rigxh nolXiiig not fvdalfiovog. 'ISvtsv&sv ds ev- 
Ttogov stpaaav iivaif onot rig i&iXot nogevBa&ai, *£nl 
6 ToVTOig i&vaavro, otto??, onijvlxa xal doxolrj Tfjg ugag, T^y 
Ttogdav noioivxo ' jrjv yag vntgpoXriv twv ogicav ididolxs- 
aav, fit^ 7tgoxaTaXijq>&drj * xal Ttagt^yytiXav, inBidtj 8it- 
Ttytjanav, avveaxevaa/Airovg ndvxag ayanavead-ah xal IWe- 
a&m, ^vlx* Sv Tig nagayydXtj, 



SENO0JINTO2: 

KTPOT ANABASEJIS 

\ 

BIBAION TETAPTON. 



KstpdXouov a\ 

"OSA fiip d^ ip Tfi iva/iaaii iyirtto fiix^i ttig fidxv^> *ol 
oaa fitxa riiv (idxrir iv laig anovdatg, ag fiaoiktvg %al ol 
avv Kvgi^ ipafidvxtg "BkXtivtg iontloavTo, xnl oaa, naQa- 
Sdvxog tag anopdag flaaiXiwg xal Tiaaatpigvovg, inoXi/itj&ij 
TiQog rovg "Jikkfipogt inaxoXov^ovpxog tov UiQUtaP axf^axtv^ • 
ficrtog, ip T^ ngoa&tp Zo/q) dedtjXotTai, ^Entl di aiplxoPTO, 
BP&a fiSP TtyQijg noxa/iog napxdnno'^ mtoQog r^p did x6 
pd&og xal /li/s&og, ndgodog ds oix i}»» dXXd xd KaqSov^ 
Xia offTi dnoxofia vnig avtov xov itoxafiov ixgifiaxo, ido^ 
XH d^ xoig axgontiyotg, did xwp oqiup nogtvxiop iIpou U 
Hxovop ydg xaip dXiaxofiipotP, oxi, tl diiX&oitP xd KagdoV" 
Xia oQfi, ip xji *AQfiipiif xdg nriydg xov Tiygtjxog noxaftov, 
i^p fih fiovXwpxai, dia^TfOOPxai ' ijp de fiti /JovXapxat, ttc- 
giiaai. Kal xov *Evipgdxov X9 xdg ntjydg iXiyixo ov ngo^ 
ata xov Tlygtixog tivai' xal taxip ov xo oxipop. Ti^p 3* tig ' » 
xoifg Kagdov/ovg in^oXriP ttdt noiovpxat, dfia fih Xa&Bir 
nHQfafiiPoi, Sfia 8e (p&daai, txqIp xovg noXtfilovg xaxaXa- 
fieip xd axga, 'llpixa d* ijp dfi<pl xt^p xiXtvxalctp <pvXaxrfp, 
xal iXtlntxo xrig pvxxog oaop axoxaiovg ditX&ftP xo ntdiop, 
irp^ixavxa upaaxapxeg dno naqayyiXaktag nogtvofiwot atp^ le 



ir«g). «'.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 91 

xrovvrai afia tjj rifiiqfjf ngog to ogog. ^Ev-d-a 8^ Xetglao- 
q>og fih riyiixo tov ajQatsvfiotTog, Xafiwr to aft<p avrov xal 
Twg yvfivfjrag namag' Zfvoqiuv de avv tdig o7iia&oq)V-' 
Xa$tv hnUxaig t%n%TO, ovdiva 5fwi' yvfiviJTa' ovdilg yag 
ft idoxBi xhdvvag Btyat, fir^ rig avto nogtvogjiivmv ix tov oni- 
o&ty inhnoito, Kal inl fiiv to axgov ivapalvu Xiigl^ 
Gwpog, nglv ttva aia&ia&ai rmv noXtfiloiV ' enHta di vyij- 
ysho * iiptlntjo 8i ati to vntgQaXkov tov atgccrtvfjiatog tig 
tag xmfiag tag iv toXg ayxial tt xa\ ftvxoXg twr ogmv. 
10 ^Evd^a di\ oi (iiv Kagdovx^h ixXinortfg tag oixlag, ixov^ 
tzg xal ywaXxag, xal naidag, tupivyov inl ta ogri ' ta 
d^ imti^dHa TioXXa r^v Xafi/tdveiv' ijaav di xnl x«Xx(afiaa^ 
nafiitoXXo^g xattaxivaofiivai al olxlai, top ovdiv i<pigov oi 
"MXXfiveg ' ovdi tov^ ay&gtunovg iditoxov, vnofptidofitvoi, st 
16 7101^ [av] i&tX^uHttv ol Kagdovxot duivai avtoifg wg dia 
<ptXtag trjg x^9^^* intlntg fiaaiXu noXifiiot ijaav. Ta 
fiivTot initi^deia, orw tig innvyxavoi, iXdftPavov ' avayxri 
• yag lyy. Oi di Kagdovxoi ovis xaXovvt(ov vntixovov, ovte 
aXXo Ti tpiXixov ovdev inolow. "Ois de oi ttXtvtaloi tuv 
^'EXXi^my xati/Jaivov dg tag xtafiag ano tov axgov ifir^ 
ax^taioh 9ta yag to otsr^v iivai ttjv 696v oX^r tr^v ^fiigav 
^ avdpaatg avtolg iyivtto xal xatdpaoig ug tag xtafiag, to- 
ts drj avXXByivttg tiveg t&v Kagdovx^tr tolg teXtvialoig ini- 
•&Bvto, nal anixtfivdv tivag, xal Xl&oig xal toUvftaat xa- 
M tftgwjav, oXiyoi tivig orttg' i^ angogdoxr^tov ydg avtoTg 
inintai^ to 'EXXtivixov* El fiirtoi tots nXilovg awtXiyrjoar, 
ixirdvvfvaav av diatp&agrfvai noXif tov argtxttvfiatog, Kal 
tavnjv fih T^y vvxta ovtetg Iv talg xtofiaig fivXla&riaav' ol 
di Kagdovxoi nvga noXXa sxaiov xvxXt^ inl ttav ogitav, xal 
ao owtwgwp aXXi^Xovg, 

"Afiit di tjj tifiigtf avrtXdovai tolg atgortriyotg xal Xoxo^ 
yotg t&y 'EXXi^vmv tdo^t, tmy tt vno^vyltop ra opayxaia xal 
tee dwaxmtoeta nogsfitad^at ^roira;, xaiaXinoPtaQ xa nUn^ 



92 SENO^JINTOS. lBi6. d\ 

%tu onoca fjp Ptwarl cuxfialMra ardf^anoda h tji argati^, 
nana itpiivai. J^oXalar ya^ inolow r^y noqtiav nolXu 
ovxa TO VTioCv/ifx not la alxftoXaxa ' nal noXlol dii aixtir, 
oi inl Tovtoig ovug, anofiaxoi rfOctv ' dinXdaid r« ra imr- 

nav Snap. J6^ di taika, ix^ffv^av ovxw noiuv* 

*Entid^ di o^urrf^aayrcc ino(f€VOVTO, vnoatavteg h ors- 
yra ol at^OTfiyol, s* n tv^laxoup wv tl^fifUvnv firi wpttfu^ 
vov, dipii(fovyTO * oi d^ iml^orto, nXr^v %X rig u ixXtipty, 
olov ^ noudbg ini&Vfir^aag tj ywaixog t^v Bvnqinmv. Kal le 
tavtriv fih t^r tfiuqav cvxag inogiv&tjaav, xd fiir Ti fio^ 
XOfifvoi, xd di xal avaTxavofiByoi. £ig di xtiv vaxiqatav 
Xfiftfov ylyv$xai noXvg, uvayxaiov 6* tiv no^Bvto&ai.' oi ydq 
t^v ixtxvd xd imxi^dtia. Kal ^ynxo fiiv XH^iao<pog, ijn- 
a&oqrvldxei di Ssvo(pojv. Kal oi nolifiioi iaxvQwg ins- u 
xl&e>xo, xal, axevuv oFtwy xwv jifoi^/onv, ^yyifg nQogiorxtg 
ixoUvop xal ia<pBvd6vmv ' mgxs rjvayxdZovxo oi "j^XXtivsg 
iTiidituxorxBg xal nakiv dvaxdZovxtg oxoXjj nogevta&ai ' xal 
■&afAivd TtaQiiyyeilBV 6 Sevoq)civ vnofJtivHv, ore oi noXifiioi, 
taxvQug inixioivxo. *'£v&a 6 XttQlao<pog aXXoxB fiiv, oxs 90 
naQfyyvmxo, vnifisvB, xoxs di ovx vTiifitvev, dH* ^ys la- 
xi^g» *al naqriyyva iniadai' wgxe dijXov ijf, ot» n^dyfid 
XI eti; * axolri di ovx TfV idiiv TiagsX&ovx^ x6 atxtov xijg 
OTxovdiig • mgx8 ^ noQtia o/iola cpvyfi iyiyvtxo xoJg onia&o~ 
(pvXa^i, Kal ivxav&a dno&vi^axsi dvfjQ dya&og Aaxvh- 90 
vixog KXifavVfiog, xoUv&Big did XTfg danldog xoll xijg axoXd- 
dog eig xdg nXivgdg, xal Baalag *AQxdg, diafint^ig tig xtjv 
xfipaXi^v. *£nil di dtplxovxo inl axa&fiov, Bv&vg wgnfg 
elxtv 6 Aivofpoiv iX&oiv nqog xov Xnglaoff-or, jixiaxo aixop, 
oxi ovx vmfiHvev, alX* i^vayxd(orto qiBvyortsg afta fidx^^^ 
a&ai. " Kal vvv dvo xaXfa xi xdya^a avdqz xt&vdxfiv, xal 
ovx$ dvfXia&ai, ovxa &dtf/ai avxto idxn^dfit^a,*' Anox^lrB^ 
tat nQogxavxa o Xti^iaoipog' ^* BU^op" Sgp^, ** us ti 



KB(p. a\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 93 

oQfl, ital {(5e, (5? olpaxtt navta iaxL Mia ds avrrj odoc, ^y 
ogiigt og&la ' xal inl Tavrr} ogav avd-^tonmv t^sari aoi ox^ov 
ToaovTov, oV xaTHXriq)6Tsg q>vX(XTTOvai triv t^paaiy* Tavia 
fy(a laitevdov, xal dia jovio as ov/ vni(ttvov, tT nag dv^ 

6 Vttliifjv q>d'daai, nglv xatttXfjq>&ai Ttiv vntq^oXr^v' ol H 
^/ffioveg, ovg (X^fxtv^ ov q>aaiy ^vai uXXtjv oSov." *0 di 
Siroq>oiif XiyH ' ** *AX£ 4y<u txta 9vo avSgag. *EnBt yag ^fuv 
ngayfiara nagtixov, injdQSvaafisy, onsg ^fing xal avanvtv^ 
aai inotrias, xal iittxTtlvaiitv rivag aitwv, xal iavrag 

10 ngov&Vfi'^&rjfiBy XaPiiv, airov jovtov Vvsxev, onwg riytfio^ 

Kal evd^vg ayayovtig tovg av&qiinovg, ijXtyxov diaXa-' 
porttg, itttra hSbibv aXXriv odov t; x^y qMytgdv. *0 fih 
ovp fiegog ovx api;, xal fidXa noXXdtv q)6pwv TtQognyofiivwv ' 

1ft infiiiri ds ovdh wqtiXifiOP tXsycy, ogwvjog tov krigov xars" 
aipdyij, *0 ds htinog lileley, oxt oviog fih Sid ravja ov 
g>atfi (Idirah on avrot rvyxavst '^vydirig ixsi nag avdgl 
. ix9fdo/iivri ' aVTog 3' S(pij ^yi^asa&ai dwari^v xal VTroJu- 
yloig nogsvsa&av odov. ^Egmtafisvog d^, si sVij u iv av^ 

90 Tjf dvgndgitov ;|fa)^/ov> Hyoi}, elvai uxgov, o si fi^ tig ngoxa- 
TaX^iffOito, advpuTov sasa&at nagsX&stv. ^Evravd-a ido- 
xsi, avyxaksaamag Xoxayovg xal nsXraaTag xal xtav onXtr 
T(ov, Xsysiv rt td nagovia, xal igtaxdvy st rig avt^v tartv, 
ogtig dp fig aya&og id-iXoi yspia&ai, xal vnoaidg i&sXoPTTig 

9S nogcvsad'ai, *T<platavTai ttap fisp oTrXiTuip IdgfjTfopvfjiog 
Msdvdguvg ^Agxdg, xal 'Ayaalag Jiv/jiq>dXtog *Agxdg, 'Apti- 
araaid^o^p ds avrotg KaXXtfiaxog Ila^gdatog *Agxdg, xal 
ovTog sffftj i&sXsiP nogsvsa&at, ngogXa/Jap i&sXoytdg ix 
noptog TOV orgaisvfiaTog ' '• Ev ydg olda," t<p7j, *' ou tipop^ 

10 rai noXXol twp vstap ifiov ^yovfispov." *Ex tovtov igta- 
waiP, tX Tig xal twp yVfiPfjjwp ra^iagx^P i&iXoi avfino" 
gsvsa^ai. ^Tiplatarai Ugtariag Xtog, og noXXaxov nolXov 
ahog rj axgati^ sig jd roiavra iyspsxo. 



94 . SENO^IINTOI [Bi6.4\ 

Ke<pdXaiov p\ 

Kul ijp piv dsiXif tjStjt oi d^ Mlivov aviovg /fiq^yonetg 
nogivi\3&ai * xal lov ^yifiova dtjaavrtf naffadtdoaaiv nv- 
raltg ' xal avni&trtat, Tijy flip vvxta, iiv Xafiotai to ax^ov, 
TO jifctf^/oy ipvlajjeiv' Sfm di r^ W^Q'f ''H oakniyyt a^ 
fjittivuv ' xal toiff fiir orw oxra; Uvai inl xoifs xatizortog « 
tjjp q^nviQav txfiaaiv ' airol di avfifion&iiijetv ixfiaivorttg 
ug uv durtanoi Tuxtaia. Tavta avr^ifierot, oi fisr ino- 
givcvTo, nKij&og wg digxUiot ' xal vdmQ nolif i^p i^ ov^- 
vov ' ZiPoqmp di, t/up tovg oJtto&tHfvXaxag, ^yslro it^og 
T^p (pavtf^ap txfiaatPf onng ravjrj tp odt^ oi nolifuoi TtQog- lO 
ixoirtp top povp, xal ig /AfiXiara Xa&oitp oi ntQuopxtg, 
'jind di ijaap inl x^^oi^Q^ oi onia^oq>vXaxtg, fjp I'^ci dia- 
fidprag n(^g lo OQd-iop ixpalptip, jfjpixavra ixvXlpdovp oi 
pd^fittQoi oXoit^oxovg ifia^ialovg, xal fuiiovg xal iXdrxovg 
\Xid^ovg]y Oi fpi^finfot ngog rag nixgag Jtxalopxtg duaipsp- u 
dopoivTO ' xai nonanaaiv ovds ntXdaat oIop t ^p tj od^. 
*'£pioi di ttap XoxaytiiP, d fiij javTij dvnatyio, aXXfi inuQtip^ 
to ' xal tavta inolovp fiixQ^ axotog iyiptto. *Ji7id da 
Mcvto a<papdg dpa^ amoPttg, toti an^X&OP inl to dtinpop * 
itvyxarop di xal apd^iaxoi ovxtg aii^p oi onw^otpvXa- so 
xTiOapttg. Ol lAiptoi noXifiioi, tpo/iovfupoi diiXoPoxt, ovdip 
inavaapxo di oXrjg tijg pvxxog xvXipdovPttg xovg Xi&ovg' 
xtxfA^Qaa&ai d* ^p t^ fpoffi^, Oi di, ^oyre; Tor ^yefjiopa, 
xvxXta mgiiopug, xaxaXafi^dvovai tovg i^Xnxag afitpl nv^ 
xa&T,fiipovg * xal tovg flip xataxapopttg, tovg di xata- M 
diu^opttCf avtol ivtav&a tfitpop, mg xaxixoptig to axQOP. 
oi d* oi xaxdxop, dXXa fiaaxog ijy vnig avidtp, na(f op ^p 
^ attrri avxn odog, iip jj ixd&ijpxo oi gtvXaxeg* ^£ipodog 
fu'rroi avTO&iP inl toi/g noXifdovg r^p, o* inl t^ tpopt^f 
id^ ixd&rit'xo. SO 



KMq>.fi'.] KTPOr ANABASIS. 96 

Kal T^y fnh vvxta ivxav&a diiiyayoy. *£ifil ds ^/ic^« 
VTtitpaivtv, inoqtvovxo aiyjj avymayfiivoi inl xovg noXifii-* 
ovg* xal yaq Ofuxlri iyiveto' wgit tladov iyyvg Ti^ogHr- 
'&6vTeg. ^£ntl di elifop aXXi^Xovg, ^ tb adXmy^ iqt&iy^ajo, 

i xal iXaXd^ttvTBS oi **E)J.tivtg Uvro inl toifg ay&(fianovg' ol 
d ovH idi^arto, uUm xaToXtnovrfg rrfV odov, <p£vyovTtg 
oXlyoi ani&vrianov tvj^nvoi yaq ^aar. Ol d* ufupl Kit- 
gltjoipov, axovaeevTsg rijg adXntyyog, cvSvg Virto ava xaxa 
T^y (partgav odov' aXXot ds teiv aif^arrjyciv xara axQipug 

10 odotr; inoqivorto^ ^ IVr/oi' ixaaxoi oi^tig, xal ayafidvttg 
(u; idvvano, avifianf akX-^XoVg loig diqaai. Kai ovxoi 
KQonoi Qwifiil^mr xoig nqoxaxaXafiovai x6 ;|fo)^/oy. Seyo- 
q)6iy ds, ^coy T(uy oma&oq>vXdxtay xovg '^fAiangt inoqivfxo, 
fjitfq oi xoy riytfiova *:xoyxtg ' tiodatxaxtf yaq i^y xolg vno- 

l^ivylotg' jovg S' '^ftlasig onia&sy xmy vnoivyiaiy hah- 
Jloqtvofuyov d iyxvyxdyovat Xoipta vnig xijg odov, xorrcf- 
Xriftfiiyf^ vno xay noXtfilo^y, ovg ^ anoxoipai ijv aydyxti, fj 
dititvx^ai ano xmy aXXwy *£U.rfVioy. Kal ctvxol (liy ay 
inoqevd-rjaay, jinsg oi SXXoi' xa d' vnoivyia ovx r^y aXXrj 

SO ij xavxrj ixfiijvai, ^Ev&a dri nagaxtXevadfiSvoi aXXi'Xoig, 
TtQoafidXXovai nqog xoy Xoipoy oqd-ioig xolg Xoj^oig, oi xvxXm, 
aXXd xaxaXmoyxig a<podoy xolg noXtfiioig, ti jiovXoiyxo 
{pivyBty. Kal xieag fih aixovg ayafiaiyoyxag, onti idvvav- 
TO (xaaxog, oi fiug/SaQoi ixo^tvoy xal sjiaXXov, iy)'vg d* ov 

9ft nqogltyxo, aXXa (pvyjj Xtinovai x6 x^Q^oy. Kat xovxoy xt 
naqfXfiXv&tiaay ot^JiXXriyrg, xal txiQoy oqwyxtg ifinqoadBy 
X6q>oy xoTf/d/ieyoy, inl xovxoy av&ig idoxBi noqBVta&au 
Eyyo^aag d 6 Sfyoqt&y, fiy, tl BQtjfjioy xaxaXftnoi xoy {Aoi- 
xoxa Xotpoy, xal ndXiy Xa^vxBg oi noXifAtoi Ini^olyxo xolg 

M vnoivyioig naqiovaiy (inl noXv di tfy xa vnoZuyia, axB 
dia axtvijg xrjg odov noQBVOfitva), xaxaXtinBt inl xov ilo^ov 
Xoxayovg Kfiq>ia6daiQoy K'n<f>iaoqmyxog, ^Ad-fiyaloy, xal A/A" 
fpixqdxrjy *Afiq>id^fiov, *A&rfyatoy, xal ^Agxayoqay ^Aqyuoy, 



^fvyada * avrig di aw toZ^ loinoig i^o^9vno M Toy dcv- 
rtQOP Xoipeiw, ual t^ avrf t^ost^ sa2 tovroy ati^i!a<y. Tfir* 
d' avTolg j(fltog fiaarof Xoinog ^v noXv i^&iwiaxog, i vni^ 
r^g tnl t^ nv^l ftaralfi^&ilarig ifvlautig riig rvuiog vno 

air ol fiaffflaffoi iftaxifTtl tow ftaatow' cSfie ^avftaaiop 
yivia&m naai, ual vntimtVQr, dtlaoa^ag aitovg, fitf xv- 
xXw&irtti noliOfKolvTo, inoXinilv, 0$ ii u^ ano rod 
ax^ov Mtt&OQtamg ra onia^w /lyrofAwa^ narttf ini joifg 
ovia^fHpvlanag i/rnQOvr. lo 

Kal StPOif>Mv fiip ovy to*; ptmtdrotg ariflmipw inl to 
anqov, lohg d * ukXovg ittilivatif vnaytir, onttg oi Tfilevrtfio* 
Xo^oi n(fogfil$ttap ' ual n^ilSovtag xata t^p odop h r^ 
bii&lia &iu &tt^ Ttf onXa dmv. Kal iv TOi/r^ rw Zif^^ ilS-Bv 
A(fXa/6ifag 6 Aqyuog m^tvy^ %al Xiyti, m; ajrexoiri^oay ii 
ano 70V nffwxov koffiov, «al oti ti&paai Krj^iaodmffog xai 
Afi(piKQaTiigt xal SXXoh oaoi /u^ aXlofUPOi xaxa lijg nit^ag 
n(fog Tovc oniad'oq>vlaKag aipUorto, T\xvTa d$ dianQO- 
iafifpoi ol fiaQfia^oi, i^xor in* awtino(^p ko<pov jf futaru ' 
xat 6 Xtvofpmv ditXiyito aitotg di ifffAtfring ntf/l anawH^p, so 
»al Tovg pexQovg an^xu. Oi d' (tpaaay anodtiany, ifp* i 
fifl naUiv Tag xiofiag. ^wotftoXoyu lavTU 6 Ssvoifmv. *E» 
Z de to (iiv aXXo ar^evfia nm^^u, oi di toi^a diiXiyovro, 
navTtg, Oi ix rovtav tov to^ov avPifivriaav, hrav&a 
icrovro ol noXifuoi. Kal iml ^^^avro xaraftalptiv ano » 
tov fiaoTOV ngog tovg SlXovg, tv^a to o;iila sxnvxo, Xeyto 
d^ ol noXifiioi noXX^ nXii&ti xal &ogvli^' xa^ iml iyi^ 
vovTO inl tiig xoftv^pr^g tov /mkjtov, 09' ov Sfvofpaiv xati- 
/JaiPiP, ixvUvdovy nit^ag ' xal hog fih xaxia^ xo axiXog, 
Ztrotpi^yxa di o vnaaniaxrig f^tay xr^v aonlda aniXinsy * W 
JSv^vXoxog di jiovauvg ^Affxag n^ogidffafity avtf inXixi^, 
xal nqo ifiipoiy ngofltpXtifiiyog antx^Q^h v^^ ^ SXXoi ngog 
tovg avytnayfUyovg inljX^oy. 



Kttp. /?'.] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 97 

E* di tovtov nay ofiov iyivno to '£Xlfivi*6y, *al iaxr^^ 
vriaav avtov iv noXXalq %al xaXtxig oinlaig, xal iniTtidtloig 
da^diai ' xal yaq oJvog noXvg f^v, ov iv Xaxxoig xoviajolg 
B'.;(ov. A6roq>wy di xal Xsifflaoipog dienQa^ano, uigjB Xa- 
A fiorteg lohg vtx^ovg akodovvat tov riytfiova ' xal ndvxa 
^Ttoliiaay toTg anod-avovair ix wp dwctrmr, oigntg vofdSe- 
Ttti avUgdatv aya&o7g* T^ d* iaxtqaU^ avfv ^ytfioyog 
inofftvoyjo * ftaxofttvoi d' oi noXifuoi, xal onri ttij attyoy 
Xoagloy ngoxajaXafiflttyortsg, ixciXvoy tag na^dovg, *0n6- 

10 Ta fisy ovy rovg ngtotovg xnXvouy, Siyoigmy omad-tp ix- 
fialyuty n^og xd OQtj, bIvs rtfy anotpqahv t^? na^oHov xoig 
n^Toig, avtaxigut nuQtofitrog ylyyta^at ttiy xtaXvovxioy' 
onoxt di xoig oTttad-ey inh&oirxo, XH^lao<pog ixfialvtav, xal 
ntt^wfityog avamigct yiyytadai ruy xuXvoyxny, iXvb r^y 

15 anoipifaliy rijg na^dov xoig onig&iy. Kai ail ovru; 
ipor^dow alXr^Xoig, xal laxvf^^g aXXriXtav iTxtfuXovxo. By 
di inoxB xal aiioig xoig dvafidai ncXXd n^dyfiaxa naqtir- 
Xoy ol pdQ^a^oi ndXiv xcna/ialvovaiv ' iXa<pifol ydg r^aav, 
£gxe xal iyyv&sv (ptvyorrsg uiio<pivysiv' ovdh ydg SXXo 

90 ilxoy n Tola xal aipevdovag. "Agiaxo^ ds to^xai ^aay' 
tlxoy ds To'ja iyyvg xqinrixn* ^« ^« Tolsv/iaia nXiw ^ dt^ 
Tirtxn ' ttXxov ds Ttt^ vtvqdg, onoxB xoUvotiy, TtQog x6 xdxa 
TOV ToSov T« tt^iore^^ nodi n^ogjialvoyxtg, Ta di xoUv- 
fioja ixioQU bid x^y danidmy xal did xwy ^taqdxviy * ixQ^^" 

» TO dk avToTg ol "JiXXvivig, inel Xdfiouv, axwxloiq, iyayxv^ 
Xwyxtg. iv Tovrotff toT^ Jir«?*<»*? »* J^QV^^S ;r?^ai/i«TaTO* 
tyiyovxQ ' ^^ di avxwy :SxQaxoxXiig Kqiig. 

9 



93 SENO^Jinrros {buS. a . 



ralg vnsg lov ntdlov tov naf^a top Kertgh^ nojafior, 
fVf^oq if dinXt&^p, og offtin tr^v \4qfAVflaif %al tr^v twp 
Kaffdovxvup jfitf^ay ' xa* ol "EXkrivtq frtav&a avtnavaarro 
aaiAtPO^ idovjtg ntdlop' aittlx^ ^* ''^^ o^dny 6 noxaftog ig ft 
^ ^ inia aiadia tmv Ka(^ovxuv. Tort (Atv ow fivllad-fi- 
aap fiaXa ^dimg, xal ta inixrfitia txovt^, na} noHa rmr 
nufftXfiXv&OTmy novmv ftPfjfioptvovjtg* *£7na yag ^fugntg, 
oaagntQ inof^tv&tiaap dta riv KaQdovx9»v, naaag /tffjfo- 
fitvoi duriXiacnf, ko* tna&op tta*d, oaa oM to avfutopra lo 
VTio /iotailiug xal Tkaaaifi^ovg. *Jlg ovp uTtfillayjupoi 
Toviwp, ^6it»g ixoifiii&riaap, 

"Afia d» Tjj ^/^V? offma^p inniag nov nigap tov iroro- 
fiov i^mnliafiipovg, ig xtiXvaovrag diaPalpHP* ntiovg 
d* inl taig ^&mg na^tttrrayfiipovg avti x&p l?nreci»v, ig i» 
xtiXvaoPxag tig triP *Aqfitplap ix/ialv$ip, Ilaop di ovxoi 
*0g6pT0V xal U^rov/ov, *Afffiivioi xal Ma(fd6vioi xal XaX- 
daioi fiia&otpoQOi. JEXtyoPxo ds ol XaXdcuot 4Xev9^tQOi xal 
aXxifioi ilpai ' oTfXa d dxop yiq^oL fiaxQa xal Xoyx^S* -^ 
Si S/d^ai avzat, i<p oiv naQaurayfiivoi ovioi f^aap, xgla ij 90 
Wrro^a nXi&QU ano tov nora/iov anBi/op * odog de fua ij 
ogotfUPfj ^v Syovaa apw, mgntg x^if^onoiiiTog ' xavtri inu- 
gwpxo SiafialpiiP ol "EXXijpfg. *£7tsl dk nti^nfiipoig x6 X8 
vSuff VTtiQ xmp fiaaxip iqtalpsxo, xal xajfvg %p o noxafiog 
fifyaXoig XlO-oig xal oXia&fjQOi^, xal ovxe ip tm vdax^ xu tt 
oTtXa ^p (x^ip * tl ds firj, fjQnaiep o noxafiog ' inl xt xijg 
xsq>aXijg xa onXa ft xtg (pigoi, yvfipol iytypopxo nif\g xa to- 
Itvfiaxa xal xa aXXa /SiXri' apf/taQfjaop ovp, xal aviov 
iaxgaxontdfvaarto naqa xop noxa/iop. 



[U 



Ki<p. /,] KTPOr ANABASTJS. 99 

^Evd^a di avTol tf)V ngoaOsv rvxxa tiaav, inl jov o(fovq 
ifa^mv Toifg KuQdovxovg nolkovg avvtiXfyfiivovg iv tolg 
onXoig. Mvxuv&a dq nolXri a&Vftla t^v xotq "j^XXfjaiv, o^cucri 
fjtiv rov TiOTCtfiov Tijy dvgnoglav, oQtiat da xoifg dia/iaUstv 

6 xtoXvaovrag, oQaai di toig dial^alvovaip inixtiaofiivovg 
toifg KagSovxovg onia&tv. Tavxmv fiiv ovv triv Tffiigay 
ical Jrjv rvxra efitvop iv noXXjj anoxia ovxfg. Zsvo^mv di 
ovag itdeV i'do^sy iv nidaig dt$ia&ai, aviat di avt^ av- 
lofimoi JtiQtg^vijvah ^gre Iv&TJvai ttal dia^alvtiv, oJioaov 

10 i^ovXsTO, iiTisi di oQ&^og ijy, Bgx^xai, TiQog top Xugioo- 
q>ov, itai Xiyii, ott iXnidag tj^si xaXag lanj&ai' xal diij- 
yiixai avx^ to ovag, 'O di Tfdtxo xs, xat mg xaxiaxa totg 
vniq>ttivtv, i&vovxo ndrttg oi naffovxeg oxgaxijyol ' xal xa 
Uqci xaila ijy BV&vg iitt xov ti^cJtov. Kal aniovxtg a.To 

16 xmv ItQtav oi axqaxriyol xaX Xoxotyol naf^yyiXXov xjj axgoni^ 
ccQiaxoTioielad'ai. Agiaxuivxt di to) SBvofpuivxi n^^ogixqfx^v 
dvo vtaviaxw ' ^dsaav yaq navxtg, oxp iUliJ aixu . xal «pt- 
oxartt xal dsmvovvxt TiQogf^X&eiv, xal, h xa&tvdai, imyii- 
qavxa untiv, il xlg xh txoi> xmv TtQog xov noXffiov. Kal 

90 xoxe tXtyov, ori- xvyxdvotev (pqvyava ovXXiyovxtg ong inl 
nvQ, xantixa xaxidoiev iv t» ni(^av iv nixqaig xer^ijxov- 
aaig in* avxov xov noxufjiov yiqovxd xt xal yvvahca, xat 
naidlaxag, wgmQ (Aagalnovg ifiaiiiav xaxaxid^tfiivovg iv 
nixqa avxQuidsi, 'idovat di aqptat do^ai, aa(paXig iivai dia- 

M jSalvHV ' ovdi ya(f xdtg noXtfiioig inntvai ngog^axov itvat 
xaxu Tovro. ^Exdvvxtg di t(paaav, Ijifovrc; xa iyxiigidta 
yvfivd, tug VBvaovfisvoi, dia/Jalvtiv' nof^tvofitvoi di, ngc- 
a&tv dia^alvuvt nqlv flQi^tn xa aidola ' xal dtafidvxtg, xal 
Xa/Jovxfg w l^idria, ndXiv ^^hv. 

80 £v&vg ovv o Ztvoipav avxog ts irnevde, xal xolg viavi- 
axoig iyx^'^^ ixiXtvat, xal evxio&ai xolg q>i^vaa^ ^tdlg xd xt 
ovdgaxa xal xov nogov xal xa Xoma ayn&a inixiXiaok. 
Snilaag di iv^vg ij/« xovg vtavlaxovg naga xov Xnglaifh' 



100 SSy^Ofl^SlNTOJS [BiS. J\ 

ipoV ttal diff^ovnai rctiia. *Axovaas di xal o Xet^laiH^og 
axovdas ivoln, Snilaavxig dd, loT^ (liv aXXoig na^iiy/tX- 
Xoy avaxtvdCBa&ai, aviol di, avyxaXiaavxtq rovg ar^i^ 
yovg, i^vXsvorro, o'tng ay xdlXtaxa dM/iaUy, xal zovg te 
i^TtQoa&ep vix^ep xal VTtb Ttip oniadev fiiidiv xorxov nd- • 
azouv, Kmt edolcy aitotg, Xet^iawjpop (ikv ^/tta&at xal 
diaSairuVf ^ovra to ^fuav tov aigaievfiutog, to di ijfitav 
txi VTtoiuwuv 0VV ZtPoipmyti * td di vnoivyia xal tow 6j(Xoy 
iv fiia^ tovtmp dtafialvur. *£it{l di xaUig tavta ttxiv, 
iv[0(f€vovTo ' '^yovrto di ol navlaxoi, iv a^iatt^^ tX^'^^f ^^ 
toy notary idog di %y iitl tr^v didfiatny tag titxaga 
axddia. 

IZogevofiiytity d* avTwr ayrmag^taay ai td^ug twy iit-- 
nitav. *EjtBidfi d* ijaay xaxd tf^y duifiauir xal tag SxO^ag 
tov Ttota^ov, B&$yto td onXa, xal avtog n^xog Xttglao- u 
<fog axfipayoiodn^cg xal aTtodvg ildfA/Jays td oJtXa, xal 
tolg aXXoig nam naQ^yyiU.8' xal toig Xoxayovg ixtXevtv 
ayiiy tovg Xoxovg 6^&lovg, tovg fiiy iv dgtot€gf, tovg di iv 
dth^ havxov, Kai oi fiiy fidytBig ifiq>ayidioyto ug toy 
Ttoxa^dy ' ol di noXifiioi, ixoUvoy ts xal fa<f>Bvdivuy ' dXX 90 
otf;reii Htxvovyxo. *£ixel di xaXd t^y td OKpayta, inatdyiCoy 
xdvxeg ol atgaxt^xai xal dvtjXdXaioy, avywXoXvSoy di xai ai 
yvvaixtg dnaaai. IloXXal ydg rjaay kxaigai iy x^ atffattvfiat^ 

Kal Xnglaoq>og fiiy iyifiaiy^ xal oi avy aix^' o da 
Siyoq)my, Xafiwy t£y o7iui&o<pvXdxwy tovg svCwyotdtovg, 9ft 
i&n dyd xgdxog ndXiv inl toy noQoy toy xatd trjy ixfiaaiv 
tijfy tig td tUty *Agfisyiioy ogti ' ixgogixoiovguyog tavrjj dut-- 
fidg anoxXtiauy tovg nagd toy notafioy inniag. Oi di 
HoXifiiot, ogtiyxBg fiiy toifg 'dfifpi Xttglaoq^y ivjxtjtig to 
vdotg diavfgavxag, ogavxeg di tovg dfi<pi SBvotpuvta ^eof- M 
tag Btg tovfinaXiv, dslaaytBg, fit/ dnoxXBia^Blt^aay, tpBvyoV" 
ciy dyd xgdxog wg ngog tr^y dno tov notafiov Bxftaaiy dyvt, 
*£ttBl di xatd tr^y odov iyiyoyxQ, htuyay ayn ngog to Sgog, 



Ke<p. y\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 101 

Avxiog di, o Tfiv xa^iv %x^^ ''^^ inniup, xal Alaxirfig, o 
T^y Tctliy fx^v Tuy TtiXTuormv wv afupl XtiQlao<por, intl 
la»^a>y ava ttgdtog q^^vyovjaq, nnorto' oi d» ar^mimiah 
ifioaiy fifi anoliinead-ai, alXa awexfialinip inl to S^og. 

A XH^latxpag d' avy iml dii^f^, jovg fih iitniag ovx idinxep, 
sv&vg da xata rag nffogtixovaag ox&(xg inl xov noxafihnf 
i^ifiawsy inl Tovg avu noltfiiovg, (H Si uvui, o^uvjeg /i«r 
Toig iavTVP iitniag fpsvyortag, 0(fwvug Ss onXitag Jniortmg 
aiplaip, ixXilnovat ra vnig tov nojafitov axqa. 

10 ~ Swatpwv di, in ft ja niqaof htiga xalag yt/vofiepa, and- 
X^qu T^y taxia-rfiP nffog to diafiaivoy ajQarivfia * xal yaq 
ol KaQdov/oi ipavtgol ^dij fiaap tig to ntdlov xarafiaivoi^' 
TBg, lug ini&tiao/upoi joig rtXevtaloig, Kal Xti^aoapog 
fih ta avta xatux^, Avxtog ds avp oU/oig iinx^iqi^aag 

15 imdtw^, iXa^8 ray axsvoffOQtav ta vnoXBmofiiya, xal fif- 
ta Tovioiy ia&^ra t8 xaXfiv xal ixnoifuna. Kal ta fisy 
axtvoifo^ tay 'jSXXfiytay xal o SxXog ixfir^y i^Ufia^PB * Sfvo-^ 
<pwt di atgii/zag ngog tovg Kaqdovxovg avtUn ta onXa 
s&eto * xal nagijyytiXB tolg Xoxaydlg, xat iputfiotlag noir^ 

90 aaa&ai ixaatop toy knnov Xo/oy, nag ' ianidag nagayor- 
yoptag ttiP iprnfiotlap inl tpdXayyog ' xal tovg flip Xoxa- 
yoitg xal tovg ipmfiotagx"^ ngog t&y Kaqdovx^ay Upai, oi- 
gayovg di xataatiiaaa-d'a^ ngog tov notafiov. 

Oi di Kagdovxoif ag itogiap toifg onia&oqivXaxag tov 

36 ox^^^ fdovfispovg, xal oXlyovg r^dfi q>aipofiipovg, '&ttnay 
dfi in^taap, mddg ttpag ^doptig. *0 di Xtiglao<pog, iml 
ta naq* avt^ aa<paXojg ftxtf nifinn naga SiPOffwrta toifg 
TtiXtaatag xal aipivdoyi^tag xal tolotag, xal xiXivn noislp, 
o^ti ay nagayyiXXij, *ldtiP di avtovg^ xettafiaiyortag o 

to Xayofpoiy, nifuf/ag ayytXoy x$Xtvtt, avtov (iilyai inl tov no^ 
taftov fifi dtafiaytag* Stay d* ag^otytat avtol diafialytiy, 

* ipttPtlovg €y&iP xal tvOiv Oifmv ifiSalpup wg dtafiiiaofti-* 
povg, difiyxvXiafiipovg toifg axoptiatag, xal inifttfiXmUpovg 
9» 



102 gENOOJlNTOS lBi6. A\ 

xovg To^iag ' ft^ ngoam di tov ytoxafiov nqo^alvuv. Tbt; 
de 710^' lavx^ naqriyyiiXtv, ineidav atpsvdoyfi i^ixytjiai, 
KOI aunlg if'oq>fi, ntuavioavxag &biv ail €ig tov; noXsfilovg * 
intiday St iraarffiif/maiv oi nolifuoi, ual in tov nozixfiov 
o aaXntyxirig an/itfVti to noXffiixov, araaTQitfiavrag Inl * 
Sogv iyita&ai fiiv toifg oigayovg, &uy di nuvrag oxi xa- 
Xtoxa, Hal diafialvtiv, fj ixatnog xtiv xd^p cf^<v» ^g f^V /ct^ 
7todi^$iv iXXijkovg'' oxi oviog agiaxog aaotxo, og Sp nqmxog 
iv Tw niqav yivrixai, 

Ol de Kaffiovxoif o^vxeg oXlyovg ijdij rovg lotnovg lo 
{nolXol yaq xal xvp fiivuv xsxayfiivwp ^txovxo inifidiiao- 
fisvoi ol fiiv vxoCvyUtv, ol ds axtvwv, ol Si Ixaigmv), ip- 
xav&a dtf inixnvxo '&ga<ring, xal tjgxovxo aiptrdovav xal 
xoUvtiV. Ol di "HXXtiveg naiapiaavTig wgfiijaap dgoft^ in* 
aiftovg' oi d* ovk idi^apxo' xal yag rjaap wnXiafiipoh ^g ^ 
(ISP ip xoig ogtaip, ixtxvwg ngog xo intdgafjtBip xal tpivytip, 
Tigog X6 xo ei; X^^g^g Sixso&ai ovx Ixavwg. £p Tovra> arf- 
fjunlvsi o aaXniyxxf,g' xal ol /Up noXiftioi e<psvyop noXif 
hi ^uxxop ' ol d "EXXiiPtg xa ipovxla axgi^tapxtg, Expsvyop 
dta TOV noxafiov oxi xdxiaxa* Twp Si noXtfilwp ol flip to 
xiPtg aia&ofiiPOif ndXiP tdgafiop inl xop noxa/wp, xal to- 
levo^Tc; oXCyovg txgvtaap' oi di noXXol, xal nigav opxiop 
xup 'EXXijpiap, $xi tpapsgol f^aap <ptvyoPXfg. Ol Ss vwairij- 
aapxeg ardgi^ofupoh xal ngoanxigto xov xatgov njgoloPTeg, 
Vitxhgop x^p fitxa Xspog>o»pxog diifitjaap ndXiP' xal ixg^» 
^f^aap tiptg xal xovxwp. 



*Eml di dtififioop a^i^l fiiaop ^fiigag, awia^uepw 
ijtogiv&fiaap ^mc Xfjg *Agnipia^ ntdiop anar xal Xdovg 
yilXiipovg, oi (uXop { nipu nugaaayyag' oi fag ifaor 



K€(p. d\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 103 

iy^i tov noTafiov xm/iai, dia xovg TtoiilMVi xovg ngog 
Tovg KuQdovxovg. £ig di ^V a<pUorto %(o[iriv, /icydlti t« 
^v, xul fiaalktiov « sij^s t^ aar^Tttj, nal inl taig nXthiaig 
mxlaig rvQang intjaav' inixrfiua d* ijv SatpiXri, *£rt£v&sv 
« d ijioqtv&riaav ataO-fiovg dvo naffaaayyoig dixa, fiixQ^ 
vntg^k&ov tag nrjyag tov TLypfTog nozufiov. *Evt£V&ev 
d inogtv&tjactf ara&fiovg T^eZj nagaadyyag mnexaidtxa 
inl Toy Tuiltpiav noTafwv, Ovrog d ' ^v iiiyag fiev ov, xa- 
log di' tetifitti Si y€olXal ntgl top noxoLfiov ^aav, ^0 di 

10 tojiog ovTog AgfKvUt ixaluto ^ ngog kanigav, "Tnag^og 
d ' avttjg TfV TriglfitxCog* i 9cal fiauiXu (fiXog ysvofisvog * xal 
oJTore nagdfj, oid^g aXkog ficurilia ixt tov iJiTtov ivifialr- 
Xiv, Oviog ngogi^laQBf iitmag ^tar, xal xgonifitpag kgftti- 
via, HTiiv, ou flovXoito diaXtx^tjvat toig agxQvai, Tolg 

15 di argajTjyolg I'doley anovavi ' xac ngogtX&ovzfg zig inrf 
xoov, 'igoitav, xl S^iXou *0 di tltyfv, oxi andaaad^ai 
PovXoixo e<p* ^ fttj^x avxog xovg ''£XXiivag aSixuv, jwjJt* 
ixehovg xaUtv xag oixlagj Xajifidvup xs xa imxi^dHot^ oatav 
dioivto. '^EdoU xavxa xoXg ^gax^yoXg, xal iaTt^lotxvxo inl 

so TOVTOC;. 

'EvxBV&fv iTiogtv&fiaav axctO'/ioifg tgiig dia ntdlov, no- 
gaffdyyag nivxtxaiStna ' xal T^glfi^og netgtixoXov&st 
iXUiv xr^v kavxov dwafiiv, anixoup tig dixa axMovg' xal 
aq^ixovxo tig /kuflXBia xai xu^ag nigi^ noXXag, noXXmp x^v 

S6 inttfidUap (juaxdg. StgaxonidBVOfUprnp d^ avxup ylyptxat 
xijg wxxog x^^ yxoXXi^ ' xai €ta&ip bSo^s duxaxijpfjaai xdg 
xd^Hg xal xoifg tngaxr^yovg xaxd xdg xtifiag * oi yag kigntp 
TtoXifuop ovdspa, xal doqtaXig idoxti tlpoi did xo nl^&og 
xfig x^opog. ^£pxav&a tlxov mpxa xd imxi^dBitf, oaa iaxlp 

ao dya&dy UgBla, aixor, otpovg 7ralai<yvg siMttg, dataqildag, 
oangut nopxttdand. Tup di £nwixtdappvftip»p ttpig dno 
Totf atgajonidov tlsyop, oxi xatldomf atgdtwfta, xal ri- 
jcn0^ noUd mfgi ipalpoito. *£dQX9t dif tdig axgva^'k 



104 SENO0JINTO2 YBi6. a\ 

ovn aci^Xes tlvon diwjxrivovr, iXXm mfva^aytlr to irr^a> 

^(fiditiy. NvTntqtvovtuv d' ovrcuy ivretv^a, inminiB^ 
Xtfoy anXttof, ugre anix^viffB xal xa onka ttml toirg mh- 
^Qtinovs xtnaxtifiivovg ' xer} ta vnoSvyta ovrtrndifutr ^ 
XifoV xal nokvq oxpog lyr iwiataa&m' xawmtHfiivmv /a^ 
'aXiHvop TfV ij x^wv inimmnxvia, St^ fiij naf^a^vfi^. 
£nt} di S^vo<f»v itoXfitiaB yvfAvoi ^> araatag oxK^*'^ ^iXa, 
Tor/a ivaoidi rig xat alXog ixtlpon et^tXofitwog toxio^- 
*£x ds jovtov xotl o» uXXoi avamtirttg nv^ Ixaior xal iO 
fy(florfo' noXif jruq irrav^u tv^laxeto XQ^f^^» ^ ixf^nvro 
in' iXatov, aifiop xal ufiadfiiv^ xal ifivyddXiPoy, ix t^ 
nixgw, xal tfgtfilpd^ivop. '£x di rcSr airSv jovtmr xod 
(ivQov cv^/axrro. 

Mna tavia idoxet ndXiv diaaxfiPtitiop dvai xaia tag u 
x(6/jiag Eig aiiyag. *'Ev'da 9^ oi aTgatimai avv noXX^ xgavyj 
xal rjdov^ t-9-tov inl rag (rriyag xal ta initrfina ' oaoi di, otB 
tongottQW an^taar, tag oixlag ivingriaav, vno tijg ai&glag 
dlxfjy idldoaav xaxwg oxtivovvteg. 'Evttv&tp tntfi^ap ti^g 
vvxtog JvinoxqatfiP T^fieplttiP, apxgag dortfgj inl ta OQti, 90 
BP&a ttpaaap oi anooxBdappviniPot xadoQOP ta nvqd' ov- 
tog yaq idoxBi xal nqottqop nolXa ijdii aXri&tvaai totavta, 
ta ovxa ts o^g ovta, xal td fi^ opta wg ovx opta. Uof^BV^ 
^itg di, td fiip nvQa ovx igfti idiip, avdga di avXXa/idtp 
i^xEv dyciP, fxopta to^p JiBQatxop, xal (pagitgap, xal au- M 
yagtp, oXovubq xal ai *A(iai6pBg bzovoip. 'E^ttifUPog di 
[to] nodanog tfri, Jlif^rig fiip Bijpii Bipm, noqBVBO&ai di 
dno tov ThjQtfidiov otgqtBVfiatog, onng initi^Bia Xdfiou 
Ol d .^^WTOiy avtop, t6 atgdtBV/ia onoaop iB Btfi, xal inl 
tlpi avpBiXByuBPOP, *0 di Bintp, oti Ttigifial^og fTij ^y M 
Tify Ts locvTov dwafiip, xal fua&ofpogovg XdXvpag xal TVio- 
Xovg' nagBOXBvda&ai di aviop e<)n}, wg inl t^ vntgfloX^ 
tov o^vg ip toTg axBPolg, ifntg f^opoxn <^l noQBlu, inawd^a 
im&TiooftiPW totg "Mkkfiavp* 



Ktip. s\] KTPOT ANABASIS, 105 

^AKovaaai totg axQaxf^oXg tavxa VhlB 7« ^€^mtvfim 
uvra/aytlv * xal ti&vg, xaxaXmovrfg (pvXaxag xal aT^aTtj^ 
yhv inl toig fiivovQi 2ki<f>alvfTov 2iVfiff>ahoVt ino^svovr^, 
fXovjtg t/ytfiova jov aXovta ap&^tttjioy. jfiTrecdij 5i VJifgi" 
A jiaXov Tce o^i;, ol ntXtaavulf n^'iovrtg kuI HauSortfg to 
aiQttJomdov, ovit i'fitivav tovg onXhag, al£ iraxQayovxsg 
%&iov inl to atgatoTtiSoy [to zav /Se^/^a^y]. Ot di fid^ 
fiagot, axovuavTsg xov ^oqvfiov, ov^ vni^Hvav, iXk* t^sv-^ 
yov ofttag 5e uTxi&avov xiveg wv Po^igttv^ xal innot 

10 i^Xoioav a^g elxoat, xal { axtivri ^ Tmirfitiiov idXta, xal iv 
avxfj xXtvai aqyvi^onodtg, xaX ixma^iau^ xal ol otqxoxonoi 
xtxi 01 olvoxoov ipdaxovxtg itpou 'jb^nsl jS« inv&ovxo xavxa 
ol TcSv onXixdiV axQaxtjyoi, iSoxti avxolg aniivai xriv xaxi- 
axiiv inl xo axgaxonidov, fni-Jig int&ieig ydvotxo xotg xa- 

u xaXiXstfifiivoig. Kal sv&itg avaxaXsadfuvot xji adXniyyi 
anfjtaixv, xal ag>lxovxo avd"np,iqov iiil to axgaxiniSov* 



Tjj d' vaxfQalci iSoxtt nog^vxiov that tj dvvaivxo xd- 
Xtoxa, nqiv fj avXXtyiivai x6 atgdxwjia ndXiv, xoe ^9tci- 
xaXa/Selv xa axfvd, J^axivaadfitvoi 5' tv&vg, inoqtvovxo 

90 dia x^ovog noXXtigy ^y$fi6vag ^ovTf^ yxolXovg' xal av&ri^ 
fiiQOv vTttQfiaXovxeg x6 Sxgov, i(p ^ $fitXX$v iitixl&sa&ai 
Trigl^iogt xaxtaxQOXontdtvaavxo. 'Evxsv&tv inogtv&rjaap 
axa&fiovg igiiftovg xgiig nagandyyag ixtvtexaidtxa inl xo¥ 
Evtpqdxriv noxafioy, xal dUpaivov avxov figt^/iBvm ngog 

95 xov ofitpaXop* *EXiyovxo de avxov al jxriyal ov ngoatt d- 
vai. *£vxivd-£y inogtvoyxo dia gtovog noXX^g xal ntdiov 
axa&ftovg xgtig nagaodyyag neyxexaldexa. *0 di xglxog 
iyiyno xoiXsnog, xal aytfiog Bof^dg ivayxlog tnvu, nayxd- 
naaiy anoxalfoy nana, xal nrjyvvg xovg ay&gmnovg* ^Ey^ 



106 SENO^JINTOS [BiS. jr. 

^a dri wp ftaytiup ttg- elm aqutpaCea&at lu arigitf ' xal 
e<ptt/iKitf€»' Mai Tiaai ^ mgHpavug^ W^it Xij^t to /a- 
Xinw Tov nytvfiat^. IIv 9i i^g Z'oyog to fid&og sQjrvia ' 
£gi8 xal imv vneSvyitMf xal Totrr avdi^aTtodoiT noiXa aTHa- 
JtiJOr xai rur ar^aruftiir wg i^u/ntovta. Aityivovro $i » 
T1JV vvxra 7tv^ xalovxtgr' IvXa d' fjr iv t» cna&ft^nBkka' 
ol de otffB ngogiovTtg ^rka evx tlxor. Oi ow naXat ijxev- 
Ttg xal nvg xatovjtg- oi nqogUaaw nghg to Tirp Toif^ o^il- 
(ayrer^y i\ (iri ^tiadtHev avroXg nvQoirg .^ ctXko n o»r t^oisr 
pQbnmv, "Ey&a ^t) ftutdldoaar aXX^Xotg, •tr n/or txaifjoi. » 
^Evd-a di TO nvg ^xaltro, diatijxofiivfig t^? X^orog fio&got 
iyiyvovxo (ifydXoi tgxt inl to Sdntdop* ov dri naqr^r fiuqiir 
TO fidd-og Jtjg jfioro^. 

*EvTtvd-tv de jrjr imovaap '^fUQor oXfiv inogtvovro 9ta 
Ziovog, xal noXXol tuv avd'qtanmv iflovXifitaaar, Zivoq>tip » 
Si omad o<pvXaxKV, xai xaiaXafifldvoty rovg JtiTttortag- xotr 
ivdg^nuvy If yyo«t, • t» to nd&og ttij. 'Eniii^ 9b tins rig 
uvT^t jttv ifimlqmv, ort aaqxSg PovXtfimai, xal idr n <fd- 
ytaoiv, araoTi^oovTott, ntQiitiP int ta vnoZvyia, tV nov Tf 
igojri Pqmxoy, dtidldov, xal dtintfiJit didovxag xovg dwafii- 9» 
vovg TtaqaxQix^iv xoig fiovXi^iiamv. Evindfj 9i x» ififpa- 
yoisv, dviaxarxo xal iytogtvovx<^, Ho^tvoftivviv ds, XhqI^ 
(TOfpog (lip afiqfl xpiifag Ttgog xtjfiijp aifixpeixm, xal vdgo^ 
q>0Q0Vuag ix xijg xeSfitig yvpouxag xai xogag n^eg rfj xgiirjj 
xaxaXafi/Japei, tftnqwsd^tp rov ii^Vftarog. Avxtn ^^orrwras 
txvxovg, 'UPtg *?8r. *0 dk iq^r^piv^ tint Hf^aiaxi, ow 7t»^a 
paadiiag noqtvoipxo ngog top aaxqdni]P, At 9s ansxqi- 
vavTOt oxi ovx ipxav&a thi, «Ail* dnixoi wfOP nagaadyyrjr^, 
Ci d\ «7r?* iips rjP, ngog xop xtuftdqx^p eweigigx^pxai tig xo 
tgvfia avp xatg v9go<p6QOi^. Xeigtaoipog- fih oiip xal ooo* 39 
idwrj&rjattp tov argaxivfiaxog' ipxavd^a taTQarontdsvaaPxo " 
xup d* aXXfov aTQaxiviTwp oi fi^ hrpdfiepot dtartXiaat np^ 
idop, ipvxtiQfvaap mnxoi xai Sp9V nvgig" xal iPxav^m 



Xeq^ «'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 107 

xtvtq uKtolovro ray VTQanajoiv. ^E^Blnovro Si tmv ttoAc- 
(lUav avviiXfjrfiivoi, jivig, xa* ta /h^ dvvdfuva wv vno^th 

nono di xai tuv axqaxuax^v o% xt dis<pd-aQ(iivoi vnb xrig 
* Xiovoq X4tvq o<pd-&X(iovg, o* xe vxo xov y^v^ovg xovg daxiv^ 
Jidivq xav jxodwv anoatatiTioxBg. Hv ik t«I; jucv oip&aXfioig 
inixovQfifia xijg x^^vogj e» xig ftiXav xi ix'^v tiqo xup 6(p- 
&al(A^v noQ&BOtxo ' x^v di vodav, tt xig xivolxo, xal ftridi^ 
ftoxB ^tjvxlav l/(M, xal d xfiv vvxxa vnoXvoixo, *'Oaoi di 
10 VModtdffiivoi ixoifiwvxo, Bigfdvovxo tig xovg nodag oi ifidv- 
xig, xal xa vnodr^fiaxa nsQttnrlypvvxo * xal yaq fiaav, insi- 
drj indiiTte xct a^/(u« vjtod^fioxa, xa^pdxivat, uvioig, tib- 
aoitifiivai ex xwv vioid^xtav ^omv, Aia .xctg rotavro^ ovv 
avdyxag vnt'UinovxQ xing x^v ax^axmxuv* xal idovxtq fiiXar 
w Tt x^9^^» ^^ ^^ ixXsXomivai avTo&i x)v jjftoyo, €l'x«foy T6ti^ 
Ttivai. Km ixexi^xBi 6iu xQi^vtiv xivd, ^ nXrialov t}p axfiiiovaa 
dyvdnij ' ivtav&a ixx^anofitvci ixd&fivxoj xaiovx Xcpaaav no~ 
^evea&at. ^O di Stvoff^v, fxtov onto&o<f>vXaxttg, wg T^ad^sjOf 
dSdxo ttirav Txdajf tix^fi xai fi'VX^^S* M ot^oXtinea&ai, Xi- 
ao yo)v, on tnovxm noXXoi noXifiwi avvtiXf/fiivot ' xal xiXivxbiy 
^xaXinttivtv. Oi Si aq>dxxuv ixiXtvoV ov ydg av dvraa&ai 
noQiv&ijvat. ^£vxnv&a tdo^s xqdxiaxov tirai, xovg inofzi^ 
vovg TtoXtfilovg (popfjaai, tV xtg Svpaixo, firi ininiaouv xoXg 
xdfAvovat, Kttl r(V fiiv axoxog ijdri, ol di ngogijsaav noXXS 
S5 ^o^v^a, afiq>l atv bIxov dtafpsf^ofispoi. **£v&a d^ oi fiiy 
ima&OifvXaxig e^avaaxdneg, axs vyialvovxeg, edga/ior dg 
xovg noXifiiovg ' oi di xd(ivovxsg, dvaxgayovxig oaor idv- 
vavxo (liyiaxov, xdg dunldag iif^og xa dogaxa txQovaav, Oi 
di JioXifiioi ddaavxtg, r^xav kavxovg xaxd xr^g x^oyog dg x^y 
to ydnijy, xal ovdtlg ht ovdafwv ifp&iylaxo, 

Kttl Sivoqtav fiiv xal oi avv avx^, dnoyxtg toTj 'aa&B' 
yovaiy, oxt x^ vaxs^^altf fj^val xiytg in avxovg, nogevo" 
lityoi, nqlv xixxagtt axddta duXd-siy, hxvyxdyovaiy h x^ 



106 SESO0SmTOX [Biff. J \ 

Kakvfifuvoig, xal oida fpyXajf^ ovdegda nadiiaryKH' xal 
ivlmaaar uvxovg. Ol d* iktyow, on ol ifin^oa&ep ovx 
inox^^otiv* *0 di noQittv tuil natf^nf^wiifinwv wp nth-- 
T09T«y Tovs^ »q|fi/^OT«Toi^» ixiXivi ^Mitft&adai, %l tXr^ ro 6 
itciMlvoK ol di imiyytHov, ou olop oviwg iranavoixo to 
OT^auvfia. *Enav&a nal oi nt^ SspoipaivTa i^vXia&iiattr 
avtov Sptv nvffOi *al uinitvoh i^vkaxof, oiag idvravto, 
xataatfiadfutfoi, 'Enudij ds n^ ifii^ea^ i^r, o Zeyog>mr, 
nifiipag n^og loiff aQ&tvovrtms tov^ Pitnatovg, ivaariiitap^ lo 
rag ixiltvaer arayudittv n^oUrat, 'Ev di fovr^* XH^iaoffog 
ninnu %w in trig xmfirig aueiffOfUPCfvg, ncig tx<^i$y oi TcXev- 
Taioi. Oi di aaiAWOh idomg, xoifg fiip aad-vfovvtag tovtoig 
noQidoaav xofil^HP inl to ct^^intdor, mnoi di ino^tvovto * 
xal n^lv eVxoo^ aiddia duXfikv&*P€u, ^aoy n^og rtj xwpjj, fi lA 
X9iglaoq>og tivliitto, ^Bnel di awtyivorto dXltiXotg, ido$9 
xaia rag xwfiag aoifaXig uvsu tag rd^sig axtivovv, Kal 
Xii^lao<pog fihf avrov tfturtv, oi di SkXoh dtaXaxortBg ag 
kiiiftoy xtifutg, inoQivorto, fxaaroi tug kavtuiv fxovtfg. 

^J£v&a dfi JloXvx^dnig [d&fjvaiog, Xoxayogj ixiXiwrev M 
dipiivai avtov * xal Xaflwy toifg etimvovg, &iuiy inl Tijr xo^- 
fjLflv, ^v tlX^ei Sivoipdiy, xatalafilidyu ndrtag eydov tovg 
xm/Ai^tag xal toy xatftd^iipf' xal'TtfiXovg tig daofwy ^aai- 
Xei tgitpofiiyovg, iTttaxaidsxa * xat rify ^yatif^a tov xoi- 
fidgxov, iyydfuy f^^if^ay yeyafajfiiyip^ * o di ay^g avtilg Xa-^ at 
ydag wx^to ^tiQaamy, xal ovx r^Xu iy tatg xwfiaig. JH d ' ot- 
xiat r^aay xatdyBtot, to fiiy oti^ &gntq tfgiajog, xdtm 
d^ tVQt7ai ' ai d hXgodoi, toig fuy vnoivyloig ogtmtal, oi di 
av&gtonoi inl xXlfMxag xari/Satvoy. *£y di talg oikioig 
fjaay alytg, Sug, pofg, oQyi&eg, xal ta txyova tovtny ' t« •• 
di xtt^yri nana /liUu tydoy itf^&j^eto. ^Haay di xal 9iv^2 
xal xQt&al xal oanqia xal ohog xql^tvog iy x^tti^iv* 
iy^tfay di xaH avtal ol xgi&c^ laoxitXiig' xul xaXaiuuiyi^ 



Kt^. s\] KTPOr ANABASIS. 109 

Tovtoug y Uu, oxon %^ ^i'^f4^» Xafiovxa lig to arcfia 
fiv^uv * Htil niw axQOJog ^p, tl ^iiq tig v9uq inixioi ' xai 

• *0 li Stvosp^iv toy fuv a^ovra t^ uta^i^ ravxiig ovv- 
^BiTTvov ixoiiiffato, Kttl &aigqt%v ixUxvtv avxov, U^wv, m 
cvrs wv jiKvtav ^rtQ^^oite, t^v iv 4HMl$nf <kvjov ivxi^ 
xXijattvttg rwv iKiTT^iUav iitiaaiv, ^v aya&op xi rf arga-^ 
iWfAfat i^t^yiftrdfitvog ^pmvtitai, Ij^r' ip ir SH^ s&vti yi^ 

10 rwvtai. *0 di Tcefra V7Mgpmro^ xal ^iXo^^vov/ieyog oU- 
vov f^gaoBv hd^a i^v xaxof^qv^iiivQg, Tatvxtiv fih ovw 
TVfV vvKxa Siaax^v^enrftg ovxwg ixtuiit^^noav iv naaiw 
aq>&6voig itamg ol axQet^mxai, iv ^Ikx^ ^ovxtg tiv xoh- 
fiaqxn^ Xfu TO xixvut vvxov ifiov iv o^&alfioig. 7$ 

%9 S* imovatj ^fiiga Stvoqmvt XaSwy xop x^fiaQ/i^v, ngog xow 
Xiiqiaofpov inoQtvno' snov di naffioi xwfifjv, irginm 
Tigog xovg iv xmg xnofiaig, xal xax^fifiavM notvxaj[ov even-- 
X'iVfuivovg xai tv&VfiovfUvovg, xal ovdafio&zv a<pisaaVf 
nglv naga&tivai avroXg agiOTOV * ovx t^y S onov ov nage^ 

to xi&saav inl xr^y aitijy xgaittSay xgia affveux, iffUptia, xoi- 
fftta, (iotJX^ia, igyiS-eta, avy noXloig Sgxoig, toiq fiiy nv^yoig, 
xciig Ss xfft&iyoig. ^Onoxt di xtg q>iXoq>ifoyovftfy6g t^ fiou-' 
loixa ixgomtty, fllxiv iJil xov XQax^ga ' ty^tv VTXoxvtffavxa 
b8h ^oq>ovyxa niuv SgJttQ (iovy. Kal t« xMfiUQxp tMooav 

» XanPiyny, o xi fiovXotxo. *0 8i aXlo fiiv ovdsy i^ixno * 
onou di ziva xoiy avyyty^y Xdoh ngog iavxov ad iXufifia- 

yty, 

'jSittl 8$ i^X&oy JtQog Xtiglawpoy, xaxtXafi^ayoy xal. 
ixUvovg axr^yovyxag, iaitipavmfiiyovg xov {ij^ov ;|fiilot/ axs- 
to tpayotg, xal diaxovovyxag \4Qfiiylovg naldag avv xaTg fiag^ 
fiu(ftxa7g axoXaig' toI; di Txa^tfiv idtixwaav Oignsg iyioig o 
Xi dioi nouly. *J^n(l 8i uXXi^Xovg iipiXoipgoyr/aavxo Xttgl- 
aoqiog xal Zivoipay, xoiyj dlj iyrj^mwy top xv/iaf^x^ dia 
10 



1 10 gETfO^SlTfTOZ [Bt6, ^ \ 

Tov ntQoiJ^ovTog kQfiiirioig, • rig ttrj ^ X^Q^* *0 i* Bltysr, or* 
*ji(^fisria. Kal ndXiv ^^rtoy, tivt ol tnnot tgiipoivto, 'O 
d * tki/tv, oTi fiaatUl daaiiog ' trfv di nXijaiov X^Q^*^ ^9^ ^^ 
rai XdXv/iag, xal Tijy odov Btp^aitr, jj tt^. Kal ainov to- 
T« nh a>/eTO aymv 6 Stvoqtwv ngog rovg ictvtov olxixag, i 
*al Xnnoy, op tiXi^ipth nalaiOTtgoif didmai toI xm/iaQXV 
avtt&Qitffonrn xona&vam, ott ijxovaw, aivop Ugov tlva& 
tov 'hUov, diditSg, fA^ ino&arji* ixtxdxmro yag vno rijg 
nogdtxg* txiibg di tmv ntaXmv Xoififidvei, xal r&v aXXtav 
argaTriywp xat Xoxay^v tdtoxfy kxdart^ 7t£Xov. Haav di* ol \t 
Tuvxri iTtnoi fiilovsg fiev wp Uegaixav, ^vfiottdsarfgoi di 
noXX^, EvTov&a dri xai diddaxn o xcofidgxtig, ntgl rovg 
nodag xwf tnnmv xal t(»v vnoCvylmp aaxxla ntQinXitv, 
Stay dia tfig /loyo^ aytioiv * artv ydq xw aaxxUitp xorc* 
dvorto luxqy xr^g yaoxgog, U 



KetpdXouov ^. 

^Enii 3i fifiiga fjfp oySoij, xov fup ^tfiora nagadidwai 
Xngiaoq^t^, xovg d olxixag xaxaX$lnn x^ xvtfidgxfif nXriv 
xov vlov [tow] agxi ^fidaxoptogl T\}Vxov 3^ ^Ema&ivu 
*A/Aq>inoXlxu nagadldaai tpvXdxxBiv, onotg, ti xalmg '^yij- 
aaixo, exoip xal xovxop anloi. Kal lig xr^v oixlav avxov i 
BigBipogTioay ag idvvavxo nXeiaxa, xal opaiev^arxtg inogtv- 
orto, *Hynxo 3^ avxoTg o xtofidgxrig XeXvfiivog 3id x^ovog' 
xal ijSfi X* t^v h x^ xglxd^ axa&fi^, xal 6 Xtigiaoq^og avxM 
J^aXsndy&fi, on ovx ilg xtoftag r^yw. *0 3* tXeytv, oxi ovx 
elip iv xf xon^ xovxta, *0 3k Xnglaoipog avxov tnaiat s 
aiv, t3fia8 3* ov. *An6 3k xovxov ixtivog xijg wxxog ino^ 
3gdg ^x^^> xataUnmp xov vUv, TOvxo yt 3ri Xeigiaoipt^ 
xal gsvoiptivxi ftopov 3id<pogov iv x^ nogtUf iyirno, ^ xov 



Rsq>. ff '.] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 11 1 

^ysfiivog xdxwatg xal a/iiXeta, '£nia&ivfig ds ij^aa^iy t« 
Tov naidog, xal oVxada xofdaag Tuaraxaj^ ix^xo* 

Mtta TOVTO aia&fAOvg sTna iTto^sv&ijgccv, ava weW* ,7ia- 
gaadyyag j^g ^/li^ag, naQot wv 0aaiv noxotfiov, svfog ag 
6 TtlB-d-Qialov. ^JBvTSvd-tv iTKtgsv&ijaav axa&fioig dvo, noh- 
Qaadyyag dixa * inl ds xjj elg to nidlov vnsgfiolfi ontrivzr^ 
aav avxoig Xdlv^Bg xal Tao/oi xal 4>aaiavoi, Xsigiao- 
ipog de, insl xatBlds tovg noXt^vg inl rjj VJitgfioXjj, inav- 
GOTO nogsvofisvog^ dniziov flh nevn^xovra atadlovg, Xva (i^ 

10 xaia xdgag aytov nlTjaidarj lolg noXsftlcig * Ttagi^y/siXs di 

xal roig aXXoig nagdyziv tovg Xo/ovg, Snag inl (pdXa/yog 

ytvoiTO TO argaxtv^a, Ettal de r/X&ov m 07xia&0(pvXaxsg^ 

crwsxdXeae xovg oxgaxriyovg xal Xaxayovg, xal sXs^fv (o§s * 

" Oi (lev TxoXifiioh fog ogdxe, xaxixovai xdg vneg^oXdg xov 

15 ogovg ' biga de jSovXsvsa&ai, ontag ^g xdXXiQxa dyaviov^ 
fie&a. ^£fiol fiev ovy doxel ' nagayyeXXeiv fiiv dgiaxonoieH- 
a-d-ai xoig axgaxttaxaig, rifidg de j3ovXevea&ai, eVxe xi^^iegov 
eixe avgiov doxei vnsgfidXXetv x6 ogog" " *£fiol de ys,^* eipij 
6 KXedvtog, " doxei, indv ^g To^tara agiaxi^atoijijev, i^onXiaa- 

ao /iivovg c5g rdj^iaxa livai inl xovg avdgag. Ei yag diaxgl^o- 
uev XTjiV xrifiegov r^iegav, 0% xe vvv vgctivxeg rifidg noXifiiot 
^agaaXefaxegoi eaovxai, xal ciXXovg elxog xovxfov d-ag^ovp^ 
Twv nXelovg ngogyeviad^ai** 

Mtxa xovxov Aevo<pmv eintv ' " '£/<« 5* ovx<a ytyvoiaxta * 

35 El fiiv dvayxiq iaxl ^dx^o&ai, xovto del nagaaxevdaaa&ai, 
amog otg xgdxioxa iiaxovfie&a * 4i di fiovXofjie&a mg (^axa 
vnegfidXXnv, xovxo fioi doxei axtnxeov eXvat, oniog tag iXd- 
Xioxa (lev xgav^axa Xddtofiev, ag iXdxtoxa di aoi/ierra ai«- 
dguv anojidX(a(iev, To (lev ovv ogog iaxl x6 o^o>/ievor 

80 nXeov, 7j i(p k^rjxorta oxddia, avdgeg d ovda/i^ (pvXdxxov^ 
xeg '^fidg fpctvtgol eiair, dx£ rj xaxa ravxijv xi^v odov * noXif 
ov> xgeixTOV, xov ig^/iov ogovg xal xXeipat xi neigda&ut 
Xa&orxag xal dgndaai g^daavxag, r^v dvv(afie&a, (idXXov, 



112 SENO^iurros [BiS. /ty 

9&au noXv x^Q i^^r ^^109 tt^oxfi Uwm, ^ ofialov^ 
ir&ty xff» ir^ev TtoXffitwv orrwr' nal pjoximq iv^igrsf [tog] 
fiaklop uv lit ngo nodmv ogtoti tig, if /it-d- •^ueftar ftmxo- 
|f{vo$ * %m\ 19 rgnjiua tolg no&h i^axtt lovair tvitirtaid^ ft 
f ^ ofinXrf tnq x«paXag jSaXXofiirtHg. KXi^cti d« oix adv- 
raxov fioi doxii shai, ^6v ^h mtxtog Uvaif ug fi^ hqa" 
0&ak ' i^v 9e antX&tiv t09oirtor, mg /ui| ettadtiQtv na^- 
^tiv. /hxovfiiy d* ttv fioif lavrtj nQognoiovfiBvoi nqog^O" 

rov fiaXXoP ad-QOOi o« noXifiioh. *At»q it iym ntgi xXontjg 
ovfif^alXoftat ; ^Tfiag /ag syttyt, « XtigiaiHft, ixovM, 
lovg jktx%^iitwlovg, oao» iaii itiw ofioUav, iv&ifg ix nai- 
doiv xXiniBiv fttXtiap' xetl ovx ata^gBr tlrat, iXXa xaXov 
xXinuip, oaa /ii) xuXvbi rofio^ **Ontog^ de mg xgariota xXi- i» 
TtrriTt xal nfiQuo&e Xtxrd^dpuv, yo/<i/u»y agot v^Xv iotiv, 
iav Xrj<fd-ijj$ xXsTnovifc, ^atsujt^vo&ai, Nvv ew finXn aw 
xouQog iaiir inidet^aa&at i^v nmdttocv, xtxl <pvXd^a&at 
fiivToi, /11J Xv^tp^Mfiti^ xXinjwitg lov S^ovg, ug ftti noXXag 
TtXfjyag XufiufigrJ"^ 90 

***AXXa fiivTOt" lijoiy o Xstgiwx^og,. **xer) ryw vftag 
£xov» loifg jt&TjVtttovg deivoifg etvcn xXijrtttP la (hjftwHa, 
xal (idXa ortog dsivov rov xivdvvov tw xXimovn, xal lovg 
xgaitarovg fiivioi ^nxXiaia, tfnfQ Vfuv o» x^erri^voe agx^tr 
ihovvtmj^ ^giB t&gfx xai ad iJiidtixwQ&oti, t^y naidftav.^' s» 
** !£■/« fitV To/i'w/' Iqpij o Z6voq>t»p, ** Txwfiog eifii, lorg Ink- 
99o(pvX(»xttg T^osr, iTuidetP dtiTtrifgi^fifv, Ui^en xmretXinpOfie^ 
rogro^Qog, *jC^ Si xnl ^yt^uovag" oi yag yvfirrjtsc tw 
kptTTOfiivt^ r^fxtv xX»nwv sXafiot iitag iif^dgsvaarifg' xai 
lovTOMf Ttwd-dvofioti, on 9VX ajSai^r itnt 10 ogog, iXXa ri— 9^ 
final xal a£S xal fiowftv ' tigtf, ijrnfg Sma^ Xdfl»(Aiv rt 
lov ogovg, (iaid xal loig vno^vytoig emat. *£Xn^tii giirtot^ 
wH lovg TioXsfAlovg (iivtiv Bit, iiuiSav Vimoiv ^fiag h ti^ 



A<9- «• '•! KTPOr ANABA2LS. 113 

^fiol(^ inl twv axQiuv' ov5i yaq vvv i&iXovai xatafialveir 
tig TO iaov rfiiivJ* *0 di Xfigiaoifog Bins' ** Kal tl ds% 
as Uvtti, ya« XslnstfV ttjv oTiiad-xxfivXaxlav ,- aXl* aXXov^ 
nifiifiov, iav ^ij xivsg s&sXovaioi (paivfavtau^ 'jEx tovTOV 
* AQiartayvfiog Ms&vdgisvg s^x^tai onXizag l^wy, not 'Ag^ 
OTsag Xiog /Vjiv^tag, xal Nino/io^og Oijouog yvfivr^xag* 
Ttal avv&f^fta inoiiqijayto, Znots f^^isv ja axga, nvga xal^ 
stv noXXfi, Tavia ijvv&i/isvoi '^glaxav, ix Ss tov aglarov 
ngoTiyayiv 6 Xsigiaoipog to argtjLxsvfia nav wg dixa oro- 
10 8ia nqog rovg noXsfdovg, oTiiog tug fidXiaxa doxolij ravtij 
ngoga^EiP, 

J^Tieidfi ds idslTivtiffaVy xal vv$ iyivsro, ol flip Tax&svtsg 

alxovTO, xal xaxaXafjiPavovai to ogog ' ot dt aXXoi avrov 

avsnavovTO. Ol ds noXifuoi, wg ^a&ovto ixofisvov to 

16 oQog, iygtjyoQsaav, xal sxaiov nvga noXXa dia ruxTog. 

Ensidri $s lifiiga iyiviio, XHglao(pog (isv ^vad/isvog ijys 

xatd TT^v odov ' ol ds to ogog xaTaXa^ovtsg xaTu Ta Sxga 

inj]faav. Twv d^ av noXs(il(ov to fiiv noXv siisvsv inl TJj 

vnegfioXj tov ogovg^ fisgog d avxatv am^vxa Tolg xaTa xa 

30 axga, Ilglv ds ofiov iivai Tovg noXXovg aXXi^Xoig, avfi- 

fiiyvvovaiv oi x«t« t« axgfc, xal vix^aiv ol ^£XXrivsg xal 

dtdjxovaiv. 'Ev TOVTf^ ds xal ol ix tov nsdlov ol /iiv nsX- 

TaaTol laJy *EXXi^vuv dgofia s&sov ngog TOvg nagaTtiayfii^ 

vovg, Xeiglao<pog ds fiudrjv tu^v itpslntro avv Totg onUxaig. 

36 O^ ds noXifllo^ oi iv t^ o8(}, insid^ to ava k(ugo)V ^'^rel^- 

fisvov, vpsvyovai ' xal anid-avov fisv ol noXXol avtav, yi((a 

ds ndfinoXXa iXr^fp&ri ' a ol ''EXXrivsg ralg fia^algaig no* 

UTOVTsg axgsia inolovv. *Jlg d avi/Stjaav, d^wjavtsg xal 

Tgonaiov OTtiadnsvoi, xaxi^riaav tig to nsdlov, xal dg xflj- 

•0 (lag nolXar [xal] dya&wp ys/iovaag tiXd-or. 

10* 



114 gENO^HNTOS [Bid. ^. 



KsfdXcuop r* 

*£>i ^ J09TWP inofftv&iia§tP iU TUoxovg, arad-ftoig 
niriM na^aoayyag tqtoxona ' ' nal ra inirrf^id iniUnM ' • 
X^qia yaq fxovp »a/v^a oS Tacxoi, ip Qiq xa\ tit inii^dtim 
nana flxop aweattMOiuafiipiH. Jintl Si aiftx^wim tig jrai- 
^lor, Z nohp ^h oi* fiX^P, oid* alxiag, avptli^v&oug ft 
d' tiatn^ avt6a9 *al ttpd^tq »at yvpoixtg ttal xrijri} nolXa, 
Xtiiflao<pog /ler n^ Tovro nf^ifiaJiltp tv^vy \xmp ' inil 
di i) Ttffar'ti To^ aniuufiptp, aXlfi n^fogjiti, xac av&tg aiU^ * 
ov yuQ f^p a^qooiq ntqiai^pat, alia noiafiog t^p xvxZ^. 
£ntid^ di ZtP0<p9^p iil&i avp joig onio&o<pvXah »ol ntl- 10 
jaaialg *al onlitaig, iptav&a dij Xtyti Xtigiawpog ' *' Jilg 
xaXop i^xitg' to yaq x^i^Iop alffixiop* rj yaq ar^u^ ovx 
lOTt ta imxrldna, $i /iij XtiipofiB&a to /M^i'or/' 

Ertav&a di^ »oip^ i^vXivovxo' xai jov SfPO<pwPTog 
i^juptog, tl TO xmXvop itii tigeX&tiv, ilnip o Xiiqlowfog ' u 
'^ *Aila fda ovtij ^ot} nagodog, iljp if^ag ' otop di xtg tavrij 
nttguiai Ttagiivai, xvXipdovai Xl&ovg vniq tavtiig rr^g 
int^rxovorig nirQag * og 6 op xajaXi^ipd-fj, oviw diaxl^s^ 
tai" Afia d tdnUp avra avpittQiftfiipovg iv&Qtanovg 
xal axiXri xainXtvffdg. ""IIp di tovg Udovg aPaXtaaaaiP,'* 90 
tq>ti 6 ZiPOfpmp, " SXXo Ti ij ovStP xioXvti. naQiipai; oi yaq 
dii ix Tov ipapilov og^fjiep, ti fiii oXiyovg jovrovg ap-d^qt^ 
novg * xal TovToir dvo 17 T^e7^ mnXiaiiipovg. Th di x^^ql^ 
OP, wg xal av oq^, axfdop rqla ^filnXt&Qa iaup, a dtl flaX^ 
Xofitpovg naqtXdkip. Tovxov di oaov nXi^QOp daav nltvai » 
diuXemovaaig fieyaXaig, apd- mp hjjfptoxfg apdgtg tl op 
naaxoup ij vno twp <pfgofiipw Xl&ap ti vno tap xvhr^ 
dovfitPWP ; to Xomop ovp ^drf yiypttat €^g ^^filnXt^QOip, 
diif orar itw^ijofloaiy oi Xl^ov, nagadqafttlp*^ '^UU* 
w&iwg," tffi o Xtiqlaotj^, *^ inndop aqh^^^fn fl( toM 



lC«y.t'«] KTPOr ANABA2I2i 116 

daav ncigiivat, (figovtm oi Xl^ot noHoL" **Avto ar,'* 
19)17, "to dioy cfi}* ^anw ya^ [dXfj&tig] avaXwvovo^ 
rovg Xl&ov$. Itikka nofftvtifAed-Uf tr&tv rifCiw ikixf^w [Sare- 
qov\ ft nagadgafitir Eotm, v^r dvptafiB^a * xnl iniXd-iit 
« (adioy, TJr ftovXwfii&a" 

*JiVTtv&ip inoqivovto Xuqia^apoq nal Sirotpav xml KaX- 
Xlftitxog lla^^aaiog, Xoxoi/6g ' tomov yaq ^ytfiovia ^y xw 
onia&oqfvXdittir Xoxay^v fxilrtj rp Vf^BQ«t ' oi dt iiXXoi Xo- 
X«yo\ B/ifvop (y T^ ia<paXhL Mfta tovio ovv anfjXd-or 

10 vno Ttt dbvdga av&QV>7tot wg hfldofjiixnvTa, ovx a&(f6ot, aXXa 
xad-* €va, txaatog (pvXaTto^tyog wg idvvmo. ^Ayaalag di o 
2tVfA(pa,Xiog xat Agiattuvvfiog MB&vdguvg, xal ovroi wr 
omo&oq>vXdxci)y Xoxayot ovitg, xal aXXoi 6i, iffioiaaav l^a» 
xmv divdQwy * ov yag m^ aatpaXig h loig dirdgoig ioTavak 

15 nXtiov, ij TOP fvtt Xoxoy. ^Erd-a d^ xat KaXXlfiaxog fifix**- 
raral Tt,' nt^oirqtx^ <^^^ rov divdgov, vq> oi tfv avxo^f dvo 
^ xqltt ptifiwxn ' inil d$ oi lid 01 (pfgoivxo, avfxdSixo tint- 
xwg * i<p ' kxdaxfjg di ngodQOftijg nXiop i^ dixa Sfia^i ne- 
rqmv drtiXlaxorxo, *0 ds *Ayaalag, eag ogn xow KaXXiftaxor, 

M d inoln, xal x6 axQdxBVfia ndv ^etafitvop, ddaug, ^ij ov 
ngwxog naQadgdiiot tig x6 x^glov, ovxi xov *AQiaxtarvgior 
nXfiaiov ovTtt nnqaxnXinag, ovxi EvgvXoxov xhv Auvaiia, 
ixalgovg orrag, ovx aXXov ovdiva, jpai^ec avxoc, xal nctgrg^ 
X^tm Ttdvxag, *0 hi KctXXl/iaxog, tag kfoga ixvtof nngtovxaf 

S6 imXafipdvixai avxov xijg txvog ' iv di xovxm nttgi&H uih- 
jovg *Aqioxtavvfwg Mt&vdguvgj xul tttxa tovtov EvgvXvxog 
Aovatevg' ndvxtg yag ovxoi ttvxtnoiovno igfxijg, xal dit/- 
yavliopxo ngog dXXrfXovg ' xal ovxo»g igl^ovxeg algovai to 
X^gloy. *Jlg ydg ana^ tlgidgafior, ovdilg txt nixgog wrw- 

10 ^t» fivix^xi* *Evxav9a iJq dtirop i^» ^ia/MU ' ai yag ywai" 
n^, finxovaai xd ixatdla, iha xal iavxdg imxartg^inxovp' 
kul ot Svifgtg t&gavxidg. ^Et^a d^ xal Alriag o SxVfifft^ 
hiog, Xo;(ay6g, Mp tiva ^iopta ig fltffortu iavt6v, 9tok^ 



116 SEN0^IINT02 [Bi6,j'. 

f^ovra xaX'qv, iTitXafifiaviiai wg avioy xmlvaotv, 'O d* av- 
zov inionatah nai ifupoie^o^ £xovto xara xmv ntigwr 
q)eg6fisvot, xui ani&avw, *£mv&tr av&qtano^ {liv oU^ 
yoi ndw iXijfp&iiaap, flotg di xal oroi noU,ol xal ngo- 
fiaxa, « 

^£vi$v&iv iitogtv&fiaay diet XaXvpiav arad-fiovg hna 
noQaadyyag uent'jxovTa. Oviot ffaav wv Si^l&ov aXxi^ 
fuaTajoh xal tig xsiQag ^taotv' tixov di '^tagaxoig Uvovg 
(ifZQ^ '^ov ^rgov, aril di twp nxtgvywy andqra Ttvxvd 
iargafifisva, Eixov ds xal xvtifudag xal xgdvij, xal naga 10 
rr^v ifavr^v fiaxalgiov, oaov ^vi^XfjV Aaxvivixriv, ^ ta<patTOV, ap 
xgattip dvvaiPTO * xal anoTh/tPOPTtg av jag xstpaXdg, tx^vrtg 
inogsvovto ' xal ^Sov, xal ^x^gsvop, onors oi noXi/iiOi 
oi/jta&at avrovg BfielXov' elx^y di xal dogv wg mvxtxai- 
dtxa nrjx^P, f*lav Xoyx^p ixov* Ovioi ivifAZPOP ip toig no- is 
Xia/jLuaiv ' ind di nagiX&oup ol "EXkriPig, tlnopxo atl fia~ 
Xofisvoi ' uxovp ds ip toig oxvgoig ' xal la IniTTfdtia ip 
TovToig apaxexo/uafiipot r^aap ' mgis firidep Xafifidpsip av- 
to&sp Tovg "EXXtjPog, dXXd diexgdiptiaap xoig xxr^piaip, a ix 
xmp Taoxfop iXafiov. ^Ex xovxov ol **EXkriP%g a<plxoPxo inl 90 
xop "Agnaaop noxafiop, evgog xtxxdgoap nXid-gwp. 'Epxiv^ 
•d-€P inogiv&rjaap did 2^xv&ipoip axad-fjiovg xixxagag naga- 
adyyag sVxoai, did ntdlov tig xoifiag' ip alg BfiSiPtxp^fugag 
xgug, xal iiteaixlaapxo. 

'Epxsv&sp di fiX&op axa&fiovg xixxagag, nagaadyyag «?- 25 
xoai, Ttgog noXiP fisydXrjP xal eidaifiopa, olxovfiiPTiP ' ixa- 
Xtixo di rvfAvlag, 'jEx xavxr^g 6 xrjg xt^gocg agx^p ro'ig''EXXTiaiP 
^ysfiopa nifinti, onwg did xrig kavxmp noXsfdag X^9^9 ind- 
yoi aviovg, ^EX&^p d* ixeipog, Xiyn, oxi ale* aixovg tig X''^ 
giop, od^tp [nipxs ^fiigav] oipopxai &dXaxxap\ el di fitj, 90 
xs^pdpai intiyyiXXsxo. Kal '^yovfupog, insidri ipi^aXtP tig 
tt^p kavxoTg TtoXtfUap, nagtxtXtvtxo aV&up xal tpd^tlgsip v^p 
X^gap' ^ xal d^Xop iyiptto, oti xovxov tptxa $X&oh ov 



Kt<p. t'.] KTPOT ANABA212. lit 

tr^q joiv £lk'^v(av ivvoiag. Kai €i<pi»vovvtoii in\ ih UgoP 
OQog Ttj ninTtxri rifiiqn ' oPOfia 5 ' i^y tw oqh Oi^xV^* *it7r«t- 
dtf de oi Tfffmioi fyivovro inl xoi; tQOvg, xai xuThidov iijy 
^aXairav, nollrj xgavyt^ iydvtio. Axovoag ds 6 Stvo<f>bir 
ft xal ol oTna&oifvXaxtg, wi^&fiaap xal tfinqoa&ev SkXovg 
iniild^iuOai nolifiiovg' Vinovxo yaq xa» onto&Bv oi ex 
rrjg Maio^ivfjg /cJ^a? ' xal aiiwp oi oma-d^o<pvkaxfg dnd- 
Tct Hvdv Ts ttvtxg xai iitoygijaav, ividgav noifiatkfttvoi ' xal 
ysQ^a tla/iov daaimr (Soaiv wftoflo'iva oifi(f>t la ttxoQiv. 

10 Unstdrj di fiori nXtitav ts iyiyvtxo xal lyyvjtQOv, xtxl oi 
aei intopttg s&tov dgofit^ inl roitg ail ftotavxag, xal 7toXX» 
fielioiv iyiyvixo ^ ^orit oom 5i) nXdovg iyiyvovio, i$6x8i dr^ 
fitl^ov Tt uvai TOJ Sivofpmvjt,, Kal ava^ag i^ innov, xal 
udvxiov xal Tovg inniag avaXot^tav, nagifio'i&H ' xul laj^a dr^ 

1ft oixovovat PofavTwv Ti»y ajffaji^itnr, " OdXana, •&dXaxvu*' 
xal nagfyyv(avTfav, **£v&a, d^ t&tov anarrtg xal oi ontr- 
a&oq)vXaxeg, xal id vnoivyia f/itavyero xal oi Xnnoi, ^Enil 
di diflxovxo ndvxtg inl to axqov, irtavd^a d^ nfqU^uXXov 
dlXriXovgt xal aiqatriyovg xal Xoxayovg, daxQVovisg, Kal 

so i^anivfig, oiov d^ nagfyyvi^aariag, oi arqanmiat (pigovai 
Xi&ovg, xal' noiovai xoXmvbv fisyav, ^Evtav&a ayuldiaav 
nXrid^og dfQfidTtav wnofio'ivwv, xal ^anji^glag, xal id ai/fid- 
Xwra yiq^a, xal 6 ^ytfiwv avrog tc xatiiffivs ra yig^a, xal 
ToTg alXoig diexsXsvejo. Mad Tavia tor ^ytfiova dnonifi- 

3ft novair oi "EXXi^vtg, dwga dovmg ano xoa'ov, innor, xul 
(ptdXriv dgyvQttv, xal axBv^r Ui^ix'^v, xal daQSixohg dixa ' 
^TH di fidXiuia tovg daxivXlovg, xal tXajis noXXovg nagd 
twv aTQnritajav, Kafttiv ds dtl^ag avvoig, ov axrfvrjaovai, 
xal Tr)y odov, ^V noqtvaovjai lig Maxgnvag, intl kaniga 

80 iyivsTo, ^jifSTO Tfig vvxTog dnmr* 



118 SENO^JlNTOi: [BtS.j\ 



KetpdXaiov ff\ 

'Ertivd-tv ino^tv9^r,aonf el '*£XXiiy(^ dia Mom^mvmp ma- 
S-fiOvg TQUf TtaQOtad/yag iixa. Tjj XQnirji di ^fiigtf iipi- 
Korto inl xov netafiop, eg m^iis Tify tc twv Mamqioviov x^ 
^av %oil xfiv TUP ^KV&iviiv. eIxov d* vxtffdi^top jjfoi^ioy 
Ofoy jifaAciccJraToy, moI i^ a^urrtgag aHov norafiov, ng oV « 
MfiaXliP 6 i^limr, di* ov tde^ diajS^yaim Hv ds ovTog 
9aavg diy^QBOi netxioi (jth ov, nvxyoig di. Tavta, iitsi 
ngogijid'ev «S "SlX^Ptg, exojnov, ansvdovxtg wg xdxiaru i% 
Tov xvtf^v iU^&uv. Oi ds Max^mrcg, txorttg yi^iot xal 
k6yxf*9 xo* T^txlvovg /iTftlra;, naxortmiqag t^( dta/idatttg 10 
nngauTa/fiiyot tiaav, xal aHi^lotg disxiXevovro, xal Ud-ovg 
(Ig Tov noTUfiop iq^lntow ' ^ixvovrro di ovdi ovTrng, oif 
tpXamov ovdiva, 

"Ev&a d^ ngogigx^'ftx'' t«3 S^vwpwvn Twy ntltaaT^v Jig 
avi^g, [dd-fiytjtrt ipdaxtav didovXevxivai, Xiymv, oti yiyvto- U 
<rxo» xfiv (ptivw^ xmv ar&gtijtap. *' Kal olfiUh*^ B<pri, 
** ififiv TavTfiP T^y natglda tlvai' xal fi fi'^ ri xnXvH, 
4d-iX(u avTolg dAaifjf^^yai." ** UiU* ow^fy xoiXvct," t^i? * 
** aXXd dittXiyov, xat fidd^s ngtixoy aitwy, xlytg eiaiy.** Oi 
d cinoy, igioxf^ffaytog, oxi Maxgotyig, "^Egeixa xoiyvy/' sM> 
€917, " avxovg, xl ayxixexdxaxai, xal XQJiiovaiy ^fi7y noXi- 
jitoi eHyai;" Oi 5* inix^ano' **"0r» xal vfitig inl 
T^y ^fiBxigav lipjjfe^^e." Aiyuv ixiktvQP <il oxgaxriyol, " or* 
ye oi xaxwg ftoitlaovxfg, dlXd fiaaiXfZ noXtfirfaayxBg, 
aiTtQxofifO'a dg xr^y 'MXXddat xal inl itdXaxxav (iovXofisd-a ift 
Aipixia&ai,'^ *Hg^TO}y ixslyoi, si dotty ay xovxnv xa nir- 
axd. Ol 8* eipaaav xal dowat> xal Xa^uv i&iXeiy. *Ev^ 
xevdtv didoaisiy ol MaxQettveg pagPagixriv XoyxiJP xolg "EX- 
Xfiaiy, oi di *'ElXrivfg ixdvoig *£Aii?ytxiJy * xavxa yaq tipaaop 
maxa ilvat ' ^ioifg d* intfiagxvQarxo afifpoxegoi. M 



Kstp. fi\] KTPOr ANABASIS. !!• 

Miia di Ttt ni<na tv&vg ol MaxQung rot iivdga aw- 
t^ixoTnov, tr^v ts odov tadpnolvvy, tag dux^tpdaovxtg, iv (jti-^ 
aoig ttVttfitfiiyfiivoi rciig "EHrjoiv * xoe* ayogar, olctr idt" 
vavTo, Ttagitx^^' *«* naqriyayov rgiatr rifiigmg, %gjB inl 
• Ttt TcSy KoXxonv oqia xttriarriaay rovg "ElXfjvag, '£vTav-&a 
t\v oQog jiiyet, ngog/itnor di' xal inl rovtov oi KoXxok 
^iagatnayfjiipoi Tjoar. Kai to fih ngwzov ot "jSkXtiveg ay" 
unaQtTa^avTo nona (paXayya, ng ovrag S^ovrsg ngog to 
ogog ' BTisita di ido^s xoig aTgotTtiyoig ovXXtyHat fSovXsv- 

10 aaa&ai, onng ag xdXXiara aytnftovrrat. ''jSXsUv ovr S^vo^ 
fptav, " OT* doxbtf navaavrag Ti;y gnxXayya, Xoxovg og^lovg 
noiijaai' ^ (ih ydq qxxXay^ diaanaad-ijaejat sif&vg * TJj 
(ih yag avodor, jjj di svoSov evg-iqaofjiBv to ogog ' xal tv&vg 
jovto a&vfilav noii^oei, OTav ttiayfiivoi, ug qxiXayya rati- 

ift Tfiv difaJtaafjtivtpf ogwaiv, ^Enstta Si, tjr fiiv ini noXXovg 
trtayfABVot ngogdywfuv, ntgtntvaovaiv ^^cor ol noXifiio^, 
xal Tolg TregiTTolg XQV^oyrai o it av povXtamai, " iav d ' inl 
oXlytav intxyfiivoi tafuv, ovdsv dr ttti ^avfiaaroy, ti dia- 
xonilf} rifAtiv r\ q)dXay$ vnh a&goav rni xal fltXav xul aV" 

90 &gwnwv [noXXav] avfintaoviGiP ' $i di ntj jovto eaxai, r^ 
oXf} q>dXayyt xaxor eojai,. ^AXXd fioi doxti, og^iovg rovg 
Xoxovg noifjattftivovg, joaovTov x^g^ov xaxaaxiiv diaXmov^ 
Tag roig Xoxoig, oaov i^w jovg iaxdxovg Xoxovg ytvia&at 
tmv noXffiltay xtgdxfav ' xal ovicide iaofis&a xtig re itiv no- 

95 Xffilotv q>dXayyog l$oi ol laxaxoi Xoxoi, xal > og&lovg ayomg 
ol xgdrioTOt '^fiwv ngoaxoi ngogiaaiv, ji rs ap Bt^odov 97, 
tovt;; exaoTO^ dUf' o Xoxog, Kal sVg tc to diaXfinov oi 
(^dior 6OTW tolg noXtfiloig BigtX&iirf tr&tv xal tv^tv io- 
Xaiv ortmv, duxxoipai it oi fddiov Borai Xoxov og&iov ngog- 

to forror. ^Edv ri iig nii^tiTai tiuv Xox^tv, nXrialov fioT^&rj- 
an • ^v T« (Ig nti dwti&jj Twy Xo^ofy inl to dxgop dvapr^" 
vat, ovdtlg fiffxiji fitlytf i£y noXifilaiv" Tavra tdoU* xal 
inolovy og&lovg jovg Xoxovg, Ssyoq>wy ds dniMp inl to 



120 SENO0SINTO:S [Bi6. A\ 

d^tg, ovToi sliUVf ovg offuu, ftovoi m qfiiv ifinodior jou 
fi^ ^di| cirai, tv&a ndkai antvdofitv' tovtovg, ^v nug dv- 

£n%l d ir taig /foffaig IxooTOi fyivorro, ttal tovg lozovg 9 
o^Oiovg ^noiijaaiTO, iyivovxo ftip Xoxot rmv onXiTuv iftifl 
toifg oydo^xovxa, 6 di XojXog iuuinog ax^dov Big tovg ixa-* 
toy ' jovg di ntXrainag nai tovg jo^otag rq^xi iiroirjaayxo, 
Tovg fth tov iiavvfiov Hw, tovg di tov dilioVt toig di «a- 
ta fiicop, OTjiffdoy i^axoolovg inaatovg, *£x tovjov na^ri/yv^ 10 
fiaav t>( at^atti/ol tv/ia&ai * tv^dfiwoi di %al neuttylaaytMg 
inoQtvorto, Kal Xti(fiaoq>og fAiv %al Zivoip^v xal ol avv 
avtoig niktaatal Qoi ywofiivot trig t^v nolsfiUtv apalayyog 
inoQivorto * oi di nolifiioh tag (idov aitovg, arrino^evoy- 
tai ' ual oi fiiv inl to 6th6v, oi di inl to twavvfiov da- U 
UJtda&iiaay, teal nolv ttjg iavjwv tpdlayyog iv t^ fiiai^ 
utvov iTtoirotn. *Id6rrtg ds aitovg diaxdioPtag oi xata to 
AQxadiuov ntXtaiftal, tap i^^X^p Aloxlvrig o Axa^dv, po^ 
plaopug <ptvyHP, ava xffdtog t&BOP' »ai oviot n(fwioi inl 
to OQog upaliaipovav ' avpeq>tinsto di avtoig xal to Aqmu- M 
dixop onXittxop, ojy ijqx' KXtuvmQ 6 *OQXOfUPtog> Oi di 
noXifiioi, wg ijifkapto &i7p, ovxiti BUtriaap, dXXa <pvyj dX- 
Xog dXX^ er^oTTCTO. Oi di **IiXXtiP(g ivafidvtfg iaTQatons- 
dBvovto ip TtoXXalg xtifiaig xal td initr^dsia noXXd ixov^ 
aaig. Kal ra ftip aXXa ovdip ffv, o ti xui i&avfiaoop • td » 
di aiuijn} noXXd tjp avroB-i, xal ttap xrj^iatp o^so^ tff»ayop tutp 
OTQattwtoip, ndpttg dfpffovig tc iyiyvovto, xal r,fiovP, Xal 
xdrw dtfxtoQtt avtoTg, xal of^d-og oidilg idvpoto lataa&at' 
dx£ oi flip iXlyop idTjdoxdtig, aqtod^a (xiBvovaiP ii^xB\fav ' 
oi di noXv, fiaiPOfidvoig ' oi di xal dno&Pi^oxovaiP, "lixtip-' 90 
TO di ovttit noXXol, wgntQ t^ontfg ytytprifiipfigt xal noXXm 
^p d&Vfila. Tj d* vattgala dni&api flip ovdiig, ufMfl di 



KM<p. n '.] KTPOT JNABASIS. 121 

T%v nrvTify nov &qav avBq>if6rovv ' r^lttj de X0» Tcrapri} «yA- 
Qxfuvto Sgn$^ ix fpttQfMxonoalag, 

yag, xal rjk&ov inl S^dXanav, tig T^ansiovyja, noXiv *£A- 

6 XijvlUa, oixovfUviiV, iv t^ Ev^dvia n6vT(f, JSivtaniioy anoir- 
%lav, iy Tfj KoXxtav x^Q^* *£vtuvd^a tfisivav rifiif^ag a^iqH 
tag TQidxovia, iv raig xwv KoXx^av xmfiaig ' xal ivifv^tv 
ogfita/Atvoi iXrfiioyto rrjv KoXxida* 'Ayogav di nagtlx^v 
[iv\ T^ axgajontdm TQanfiovrtioh xal idi^avro rt rovg 

lO^JiXXtivag xal leVia tdoaav, fiovg xai aXtpira xal olvov. Zvv- 
dunqaxTovto de xal vniq x^v nXijalor KoXxoav, twv iv t0 
ntdi(^ ftdXitrta oixovvtmv * xal Uvia xal nag * ixslvoav tiX&ov 
[to] nXioVt p6tg, Mna di tovto tiJi' &valav, r^v iv$avto, 
TtaqsaxivdZovTO ' fiX&ov ds avidlg ixnvol p6fg ano&vaai 

15 Ta AiC T^ 2.vixr^qi xai tm ^IlqaxXu '^ytfioawa' xal idig 
aXXoig ds &idig, a tv^avjo. Mitolriaav de xal aywva yv- 
fivixov iv T<J OQH, ev&aniQ iaxr^vovv ' hXovio dk Ai/aXovuov 
JSnaqxiaxriv {og %q>vyt naig hi iSv otxo&tv, nalda axfav 
xaxaxxavfav, ^v^Xrj naxdlag), dgofiov xs imfitXti&r^vat, xal 

90 Tov aytavovg Tigoaxaxijaai. 

Enndii di ^ d^voia iyivsxo, xd diggiaxa naqidoaav xi} 
Agaxovxlta, xal ^ynad^ui ixiXfVov, onov xov dgofAOV 7i€- 
noiTjxag ftij. *0 Ss dii^ag, ajiov nagiaxrjxijxfg iivyxavov, 
" OvTog 6 A090?," I^iy, *' xdXXiaxog xgixnv, onov av xig 

M PovXrixaiJ* ** Jlatg ovv" f<paaav, ** dwi^oovxai nuXaiuv 
iv axXrigfo xal daatl oJ/rw?/" *0 di tins' " MuXXov n 
avidatxai 6 xarantaai:'* *Ifyavll^ovxo ds naldtg fitv axd^ 
diov xav ttlxfiaXtiiwv oi nXrloxot, doXixov ds Kgijitg nXtiovg 
fi i^i^xovxa s&tov ndXr^v ds^ xal nvyfirtv, xal nayxgduov 

«0 higoi • xal xaXri d-ia iyivtxo ' noXXol ydg xatsiSrtaav, xai, 
axs ^totfiivfov xav halgwv, nolXi^ (ptXovttxia iyiyvtxo. "E&tov 
ds xal Xmtoi ' xal sdti aviovg, xaxd xov nguvovg iXdaav^ 
tag, iv xfj ^aXaxxtj avaaxgtiftavxag ndXiv avta ngog xov /Jc*- 



122 KTPOT ANABASIS, [BiJB. J'. Km^. ^\ 

ftiv Syuf, Ka\ xatn fih oS nolXoi ixvUvdovrto * Swm Si 
MQog TO iaxv^^ og&iw fioUf fiadfjv ino^ivomo ol tinriM. 
J&^a jtolX^ M^emy^ not yUmg xal nai^niktvoiq iylymo 



SENO0SINTOI: 

KTPOr ANABA2EJ12 
BIBAION nEMHTON. 



KatpfLXaiov a. 

"OSA (ih dri h rjj avafiaan rjj fitta Kvgov Bnga^ ot 
"jEXXriveg, xal oaa iv jjj nogstoi rrj fiixQi'i i^tl &dlarrav r^y 
iy T^ EvUlvfo IJorta, xal wg Big Tgantiovrta noXiy !£Ui}- 
vlda atfixovTO, xal cS; anid-vaav, a tv^avro aom^gia -dv^ 

6 auv, tv&a ngmjov Big qttllar yrjv aq>lxoivto, h tu ngoad-BV 
X6y(f dtdi^Xiojai. ^Ex de toviov awiXd^oyrtg ijiovXivovTo 
nsgl t{; Xoinrfg nog flag * aviairi ds ngaiTog IdyuXiay Oov^ 
giog, xal bXbUv w^« ' '* *-£"/« fJ^fV toivvv" tq>rj, " d avdgeg, 
anslgiixa ijdrj avaxBya^ofiBvog, xal fiadlitov, xal Tgej^mv, xal 

10 Tff onXa ipigiav, xal iv xnUi if»v, xal qyvXaxag q)vXdrtory, 
xal fiaxofitvog' ini&vfita di ijdijf navadfiBvog rovrtav twi» 
Ttovav, iTtsl S^dXaTTUv ixofiBv, tiXbIv to Xoinov, xal ixta-^ 
•&Blg, ugntg ^OdvaoBvg, xa^svdav aq)ixia&ai Big T^y *JBA- 
XddaJ* Tavta axovaavxBg oi argajiatai ayB^ogv/Sijaav, 

'P mg Bv Xiyoi ' xal aXXog ravja IXf/c, xal ndnBg oi nagiv- 
tBg, ^EnBita XBiglaoq>og avsaTij, xal bIjibv tads ' " CtlXog 
fioi iarlv, tn avdgfg, ^Avall^iog, vavagx^v di rvyxdvBi * fjy 
ovv nifiy/rfTB fiB, oifiai av iX&iiv xal igir]gBig txfov xal 
nXdia, la ^fiSg a^ovra' VfAug 8 , inBlitBg nXftr fiovXia&Bj 

to nBgifiivBTB, fjfT* av iyw tX^ti' ^5« 8b raximg*^* *Axovaav^ 



124 SEN0f»JlNT02^ [Bt6. B\ 

xt^ Totvta ol aigatmiai fjad-ijadif t« *al iiftii<plaarTo, 
nktly avxoy tag lax^aia. 

glaoffog fiiif drj inl nXdia OTiXXtrai, '^fing di ivtufttvovftew* 
Ooa ovv ftoi doxtl Mm^og nrai noiM ir r^ (^ovff, ravta • 
<(i(a. n^wzov fiiy ja inixifiua del noqliiad^ui ix xr^g no-' 
Xifiiag' ovis yuQ ayo^d itniv Ixmr^^ ovt9 otov taptiooiie&a 
nd^fouv, fi fiii ollyoig tialy ' { ife /(u^ot noXtftla ' xlvdv-^ 
vog ovv, nokloitg aJtoXXva&ai, ffv ifitltig t< xal d<pvldxtoig 
noQtvqo^t inl ra Intxr^dua. ^AlXd //o» boxii avv ngoyo- 10 
ftalg Xagi^uvnr la inirrfdetUf aXXng di /uij nXuraad^ai, 6»g 
awlrnjdt ' ^fidg Si xoviav inifitXiUid-aiJ** ''jidoU ravta. 
** ^^Eu tolvvv axovoars xal radc * *Jinl Xilav yoQ VfAmv 
ixnoqtVQonal urtg. Oiofiai ow fiiXuoy thai, ^fur iinny 
TOP fiiXXovxa i^Urai, q>^dCHy ds xal onoi, ira xal x6 nXij- u 
^og tldw^ity xoiy ihovxw xal tay fiiyoyxnv, xal avfinuqa^ 
axtvdifufjitv, day xi diji' xal /Soti&ijaal xiaiy ay xai^g ^, tl- 
dwfitv, onoi di!^0Bi fioridBly xal ay tk fuy anuffoxi^ay dyz^i-- 
^fl XI noitiy, avfifiovXtvafiiy, n$iQiofievoi tidivai t^v dvya- 
fiir, ig>* ovg ay VtaaiyJ'* **EdoU xal xavxa. "^Ewoiixz d^ xal so 
Tod*/' £91}' " Jj^oXri xoig noXifiloig Xtii'Ssad-ai' xal dixalwg 
r^fily imfiovXfVovaiy ' tx^fisy yaQ xd ixtlytay ' vntQxd&fiviat 
d ^fiuv, 4»vXaxag dr^ fioi doxit dtiy ns^l x6 axQaxomdoy 
tlvai' idy ovy xaxd fti^og fn^ia&iviBg <pvXdxxuifisy xal 
axonwfjisy, tixtoy dvvaivx ay 'ifidg •d^qdy oi noXijiiou S5 
^Exi xolwy xdds ogdxB ' Ll fiiy TiniaxdfK&a aa<p£g, ox$ 
fjUi' nXoia XttQlaog>og aye*y Ixavd, ovdiv dv tdsi, my /iiXXo» 
XiyBiv' vvv d*, insl xovr* ddijXoy, doxii fioi nti^dad^ai nXoia 
ovfinaQaaxivdinv xal avxo^tv^ ''fly fisy ydg tX&p, vna^ 
Xovxiay iv&dde, iy dfp&oyuxiQOig nXBvaovfJiB&a ' day di ^ij SO 
ayp, xoig dv&ddB x^oofiB&a. *£yto d ogu nXoUn noXXdxig 
naqanXiovxa' ti ovy aixtjadfitvoi naqd Tgansf^owxlmp 
liaxfjd nXdia, xaxdyoiiiiv xal <pvXdxxoifiBV aixd, xd 9T^da- 



JS&9- «'•] KTPOT ANABASIS. 1^5 

h.a nctqaXvofiivot, twf oiv iTtava xa a^ovxa ysvrirai, tattg ay 
ovx inoqiqaaifiiv xofudijg, oXag deofit&a" ^'EdoU xa» 
tavta, ** ^EyyoiJawTC 5'/' l<jpi?, ** el slxo^ xor* Tgifpsiv ano 
3C01V0V, ovg av xatayuytofiev, oaov av XQOvov fifiav ivexa 
A fiivoioi, xal vavlov avv^iaS-ai, onaog dipsiovvrig xai wq>B- 
lavrai,** ^£doU xal ravra, ** Aoxtl tolvvv fioi,^' I917, 
** rjp aqa xal xavia rifiiv (i^ ixm^alvtitai, ugiB aQxslv 
nXoia, tag odovg, a^ dvgnogovg ixovofitv tivat, raig naQvt 
■^dXanav oixovfiivaig noXtaiv ivteilaa-d-ai odonoiiiv* nsl- 

10 aovini yaq xal Sia to <poJ}ei(j^ai xal dia to fiovlBud^ai 
f^fiav anaXXoc/ijvai" 

^Mviav&a dr^ avixgayoVt ag ov dioi odomoQiiv, *0 ^fi, 
0)5 lyvm t^v aip^oavyTjv avtoiy, ineipi^iptas fiiv ovdiv, rag ds 
noXsig Ixovaag iTitias nouXv Tag odovg' Xiyatv, ox* ^arxov 

15 anaXXdliovTai, t/y tvnogoi yivtaviat al odoL *'EXapov di 
xal nirtrixovjOQOV naqa xmv 'Tganf^ovvilaiv, ij iniaxriaaif 
Ai^nnov, Aaxtovtxov mqloixov. Ovjog, afisX'^aag tov avX- 
Xa(itiv nXola, . anodgag oif f to I$oi tou . JJovtov, cjfwy x^y 
vavv. Ovxog fiiv ovv dlxaia tna&ev vaxtgor' iv Og^xij 

30 yag nagd Siv&rj noXvitgayfiovoHv ii aTti&avsv vno Nixw^ 
dgov rov Aaxmvixov, *JiXaj3ov ds xal tgiaxovrogov, tj in^ 
aid&ri IIoXvxgdjTig Ad^tjvaHog' og onoaa XafijSavo^ nXoTa 
xarijyiy inl to OTgaTOTudov, Kal tcx fiiv ayayifia, st t* 
fjyov, i$atgov(jievoit q^vXaxag xa&iataaav, ontog aua ifrj' 

w Tolg di nXoloig ixgr^aarto tig nagaymy^v. !fiy to di xavra 
^v, inl Xtlav i^jjtaav ol **EXXtjvtg * xal ot fiiv ivtxvyxavov, 
ol di xal ov. KXialvcTog d^ i^ayayay xal tov kavrov xal 
SXXov X6;jfov ngog zfoglov xotXenov, avrog tb ini&avB xal £U 
hn nolXol xmy ovv airt^. 

u* 



136 SErfO^siTrros [b*^ -b*. 

*Entl Si ttlt imr^dHa ovxari ijy lafifiarttr, S^i merv- 
^ilfiiQiiup M JO OT^tVfut, ix tcVTOV la/fwf o Strotptir 
^/tfiorag tup T^ntl^ovrtUfr, i^y%i ilq J^iXag to liguav 
Tov (rr^oTfif/uerro;, to di fffuav ipvXamiv ncttiUnB to or^ff- 
TOirr^or* of yoQ Kolxot, aTt inntmtiMOTtf in xAr ohinw, • 
nolXol rflWf i&^i, xal vntQtMa&rirto inl rw axgtav, OS 
89 TT^antiovwjtoi, ono&ip (ih tit imt^d%ia f^diov ^p la- 
(ftlp, ovx rijrop * ipUoi yaq aixotg fiaop ' tig rovg J^tkag di 
TtQo^Vfittg riyop, V9* ip na*&g titaaj^, tig X^(f^ t« o^ttpa 
Ttal dvgjtma, nal ip&gtinovg noXtfUKUtdtovg %wt h rm 10 

JlOPTiff. 

*£n(l 89 fiaop h rji Sp» x^q^ of "EXkifPtg, onoitt wp 
XtiffUiP rdig df^latg aXnoi/jia idoxu $lpm, ffinin^dpTtg 
an^iaop ' »al ovdip ffp XapUp, ti giii vg xal fiovg, ^ alio ri 
xriirog to nvg dian«ptvy6g. *!Ep d ijp jro>^(W> [o] /hitqo^ ift 
noXtg ttVTOiP [ixaXuxo] ' ttg tovxo ntxpttg avpt^QVi^xiattp * 
nfgl ii TOVTO tjp X"Q^^Q^ iazvQwg pa&iia, xal ngogodoi 
ZaXtTtal ngog to x^^Iop. Of di niXta<nal, n^odgn/jioPTBg 
aradta niptB fj tS tnp onXttwp, diaflayrtg rifp /a^ad^ory, 
o^mPTtg n^o/faxa noXla ifal aXXa xgiffiaTtt, nQogi/iaXXop so 
nQog to /fi)^/oy. Zwtlnopxo di xai doQVff>6qoi noXXol, ol 
inl Tfx iirtti^dHa i^tQfifi/iiPOi ' agT9 fyivovro of Sia^aprfg 
nXilovg, ^ (ig digx^Xlovg iv&qmnovg, *Entl di ftaxofitroi 
ovx idvpoPTo Xnpiip to X^9^o^» *^^ y^9 jatpifog ijp 9r;^2 av- 
to tVQua apapfjJXrjftdprj, xal axoXontg inl tf^g apa/ioXtjg, » 
xal jv^ttg nvicvat ^vXtpai nenoififiivah imipai fjdti inn- 
Xdqovp* ol 8i inixtipto aiiolg, *Jlg d* ovx idvpopto intXr- 
4^HPt ^p yag iq>* hog ^ xaxaftaaig ix tov x^qlov tig T^r 
X^lfoSgap, nifinovui itQog StPOipwpra, 6g {/siro TOiip oirXA- 
tatg, *0 d* iX0wp Xiyth "ou iatl x^Q^ X^Vf^**'^ nol^ M 



Kiif. p'.] KTPOr AiSTABASIZ. 127 

mv fiBorov ' tovTO ovts XapHv dvytt(jit&a ' taxv(^6v ya^ 
ianv' ouw anild-tiv f^dioV (taxovtat yag int^tktiXv&o^ 
tt?> xai ij u<podog x^^^^v" 

Avtovaaq tavra o Stvoq^v, ngogayaywv n(^og t^v X^Q^" 
A dqtev^ tovg (ih onkiiag ixiXfVi d-itf^ttt ja onXa ' aviog di 
dia^ag avv tolg loxa/oig, iaxoniiTo, noxtf^ov tXti x^bIttov 
indyBiv 9t(d xovg Hiafitflrii/ioxag, tj xal tovg OTtllrag dta^i^ 
pdiny, <og alovrog dv xov Xfoglov, Kal idoxei to fih and-- 
ynv ovx tlvoLi, dvBV noXXdHv vtxgMV, UfTy d* dv ^ovx'o xal oi 

10 Xox«yol TO /oD^/oi'* xal o Sfroqmy awfxtSgti*jt, jotg Ugolg 
niarevaag ' oi ydg fidvjsig anodBdtiyfiivoi fiaav, on fidxij 
(iiv tinai, x6 di riXog xaXov lijg iloSov. Kal xovg fiiv Xo- 
X^yovg tnifiTiB diapipdaovrag tovg onUtag, avxog d* tfitvBV 
dvaxtagiaag dnavTag rovg niXxaardg, xal ovdiva ifa axgo- 

ift poXiitad-ai, ^Eml d* r^xov oi onXIxat, ixdXtvoB xov Xoxov 
Bxaaxor notijaai iwy Xoxaywv, tog dv xgdxiaxa oXrixai dyto- 
vma&ai * ijooy ydg oi Xoxayol nXtfolov aXXi^Xotv, oi ndvta 
TOP X9^^^^ dXXr^Xotg ntgl avdqaya&lag arxsixoiovvxo. Kal 
oi ftiv [Xoxayoi] xavia inolovv ' 6 di xoig niXxuaxaig ndai 

90 nagr^yyilXt diriyxvXia/iivovg livai, tag, oixoxav aijiii^iftj, dxoV- 
xKbip dBtjaov ' xal xoifg xo^oxag iniSBpXtja&ai inl xoig vtv- 
gaig, wg, ondxav a7jfii^v?i^ xoUvtiv dBtjaov ' xal xovg yvfivr^" 
xag Xld^wv fx^iv fiBoxag xdg diipdigag * xal xovg imrrfiBlovg 
tnffiti)% xovxay imftBXij&ijvai. '£7xbI di ndrxa nagBaxBv- 

96 oroTO, xal oi Xoxayol xal vnoXoxayol xal oi dhovvxBg xov^ 
xnv fi^ /e/^ov^ Bivai ndvxB^ nagaxBXayfiivoh r^aav, xal dX- 
Xr^Xovg fiiv drj awBwgtav ' (fiijvoBidrig ydg rpf*r^ xd^tg did to 
Xiogioy')in(i d' iixaidviaav, xal ^ adXnty^ iq>&iylaxo, 
Sfia xt Tu '£waXi(^ fjXdXatav xal b&bov Sgofno oi oixXlxai, 

10 xal TO fliXti ofiov iq)igtX0i Xoyxai, xo^BVfAata, ag>Bvd6vah 
Kal nXBiaxoi d* ix xuv x^^g^^ Xl&oi' riaav de oX xal nvg 
ngogiqtBgov. *Tno di xov nXi^&ovg xtiv ptXdiv tXtnov ol 
noUfuoi td ft atavgwftata xal xdg tvgatig.' t»gtB*Aya0ltK( 



128 SENO^JINTOS [Bi6.E\ 

'iSTViupaXiog uai ^do^Bvog JliXXtivBvg, xara&ifisyoi ja 
ojtXa, iv jifiTwn ^ovov ivifir^aav, xal uXXog SlXor tlXxe, xal 
alXog avafif^^iiii, not ijitoixn to x^9^^> ^i idoxeu Kcti 
ol (iir niXxamal xai ol tffilol eigdi^afioyug i^^naior, o xh 
ixaarof idvrato * o di SBvwpup, atag xaia tag nvlag, ono^ i 
aovg idvvaio xaitxiaXvt xmv onUruy So)* TtoXifuoi yaq 
SXloi iffulyovxo in SxQOig rialv iaxvQdtg, Oi nokXov di 
Xqovov /inolv yBPOfiSvoVf xqavyti %* iyiyvno Mov, xul 
iq>ivyo9, oi fiiv xal l^x^rttg a tXafiov, jaxa di xig xai re- 
T^fAtvog ' xal itoXvg f^v ti^iafiog ifupl %a ^vqttqa, Ked lo 
i(^Tiofjisvoi oi ixniTttovxtg, tX^yov, ou axqa rig iatir ev- 
dov, xal oi noXifiioi noXXol, ol nalovaiv ixdedga/Atixotig 
Tovg [Mov] avd-Qianovg, 

*£vxav&a avuituv ixiXtvat TbXfUdriv toy xi^^vxa, livat 
sSjft) Toy ftovXofiByoy Ji Xafiflaveiy, Kal terto nolXol ttaw, 15 
xal yixuat rovg ixnlnxovxag oi iXam d&ovfisyoi, xal xara- 
xXelovai Tovg noXtfiiovg ndXiv iig T^y axgay. Kai tu fiiy 
t^ia Ttjg axgag niyia ditiQnda&ri, xal iiexo/ilaayjo oi "EX- 
Xrivig* oi d' onXUat B&tyro rd iirXa, oi fiiv niql to OTav- 
Qtofia, oi ds xoTa tfjy odov T^y inl rtfy ax^av (pi^ovaay. 'O M 
di Seyoq>wy xal oi Xo^ayol iaxonovy, il oloy t' cii} xyv 
axQuy Xafiilv ' yy ydq oi/tod aatxTjQla aacpaXiig * aXXog di 
ndvv xotXenoy idoxst elyai antX&tly * axonovfiiyoig d ' av^ 
Tolg idoU nayxditaoLV avdXtoxoy tlyai x6 ;|f<tf^/oy. *Eyxav&a 
Txa^Baxevdioyxo xr^y a(podoy, xal xovg ftiy axavf^oig exaaxot 3ft 
Tov; xad-* avxovg dijj^ovy, xal xoig axqdovg xal fpogxla 
txoyxag i^snifinoyxo xal xmv onXix^v x6 nXij&og' xaxiXir- 
Ttoy di oi Xoxayol, o\g txaaxog inlaxivsv. 

'EtxsI di fjQ^ayxo dnox^iquy, intli^toy tydodsy itoXXol, 
yi^^a xal Xoyxag Bxovxsg, xal xyrifjudag, xal x^dytj IIa<pXa-' SO 
yovixd ' xal aXXoi inl xdg olxlag avdfiaiyoy xdg sy&sy xal 
EV&iy Xfig tig xriv ax^v <piQovar\g odov' &gx' ovdi dimxeiv 
aaipaXig t^v [aixovgl xaxd rag TxvXag, rag $lg xijy ax^or 



Ktff. p\] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 129 

iptqoviJtLq ' xal yuQ $vla fitydXa intqqinxow Sw&tv, m^B 
J[&lt7t6v fjv xffi fidvuv xal imivai' xat ij vvl q>o^fQa t^v 
inioijaa. Muxofiivoiv d* aix^v xai mioqov^Uvwv, '&mv xtq 
aVTolg fitixciyrjp atajriqlaq diduaiv* *li$aitirtig yaff ivilatfi^' 

A \piv oixia joiy iv di^i^t otovdrj ivdipavxoq, *J2^ d avxn cvr" 
ininiiv, iq>ivyov oi ano luy iv di^t^ oixiiav. 'Jlg d* tfia-- 
'd-tv o Aivoq>^v Tovio naqa tr^g tvxtjqt homxHV ixdXsvs xal 
rag iv agtatf^a oixlag ' ai ds |i;ittyaft tjaonf ' wgrs xal raxv 
ixalovTO* ' "Jiqffvyov ovv xal oi a to t^ivtiov t^v olxiwv, 

10 Ol ds xoxa to aiofia drj hi fiovoi ilvnow, xal dtjlot ijattv, 
on inixiiaovrat inl t^ i^da tB xal xatafidoH. *£nav&a 
naqayyilXti q>ogHv $vXa, oaoi ixvyxavov t^ta ovxtg xwv ^i- 
XCfv, tig to fiiaov iavxHv xal xuv nolifUtov, *J^7tsl di Ixava 
^dij riv, arijipav' avr^stxov dk xal xag nag' avro xo xagd^ 

16 xoijua oixlag, onwg oi noXifuoi afiq>l xavia i^oitv. Ovxoi 
fioXig anijX&ov ano lov jj^w^/ot;, nvg iv fiiofp kavxwv xal 
x&v noXs/ilmv noiiiadfitvot. Kal xaxtxavd-rj nana { noXig 
xal ai oixlai xal ai xvgaiig xal xd axavgtofiaxa xal laXXa 
ndvxa, nXifV x^g axgag, 

to Tp y vaxtqaitjf anfftattv oi "^XXi^vfg, fzovxsg xn inixi^^ 
dsia. *£ml di xr^v xaxdfiaaiv i<pofiovvxo xr^v ug Tgant^ 
iiovvxa, ngat'Tig ydg ijv xal axBviq, ipivdsvidgav inoirfOano' 
xal aviJQ, Mvaog x6 yivog, xal xovrofia xovxo iz^iv, xuv 
Kqr(imv Xa^S(ov xixxaqag ij nirxB, ifisvev iv Xaalfit jfw^/oi, xal 

95 TtQogsnouTxo xovg noXtftlovg Xavd-dvsiv nsigdad-ai ' ai di 
niXxai avi£v aXXjj xal aXXjj Siffpalvovxo, /nAxa? ovaai. 
Oi fiiv ovv noXi/iioi, xavxn og^vrfg, iq^o^ovvxo tag iridgav 
ovaaV ^ ds axgaxtd iv xovxta xaxifiaivtv. jGnci ds ido^ 
XH ixavov tjdf) vniXfiXvd-ivai t^ Mva^, iar^fir^vt (ptvyuv 

ao avd xgdxog * xai og i^avaatdg (psvyti xal oi avv avxoi. 
Kal oi fiiv aXXoi Kgtixtg {dXiaxta&ai ydq iipaaav xoi dgo- 
fio^) ixntaovxtg ix xi^g odov tig vXriv xaxd xdg vanag xv- 
UvdovfiBvoi iato&fjaav ' 6 Mvaog di, xaxd xi^v odov ^ev- 



130 SENO^SINTOS [Bf€. E , 

y»p, ifioa /Jorjdeiy' xal ifioi^^riaaif avx^t %al ariXa/hr 
TCT^oiufiVoy. Kal avrol dnl noda ivtxtoQfi^av fiaHofi^- 
roi oi fiotj&i^aavxtg, xal avuTO^bVoribg ring xaiv Ajpi^Tciiy* 
ovtutg cupixyovvrai inl to axqaxomdov Txdrxeg auoi ortBg. 



K€q)dXaiov y\ 

^Enii Sb ovtb o XBiQlaoq>og,fixty, ovxb TxXoXa txctva f^v, « 
ovxB xa iniTi^dtia rjv Xafipavtiv in, idoxti anixiov ilvau 
Kai ig fiiv ra nXola Tovg tb aa&tvovrxag ivBpipaaatv, xat 
lovg vnig jttxaQaxorta BXtj, xal Txaidag xat yvvaXxag xal 
Tuv axtvup oaa fiij avdyxrj r/V BXfiv' xal ^iXi^atoy xal 2b- 
(palveroy, tovg 7XQ(aj3vxdxovg itay OTQaTtjydiv, elgjSt/SdaaV'- 10 
Tig, rovxojy ixiXivoy iTxi^iXna&ai ' oi di aXXoi ino^tvovto ' 
^ di odog odoTtoioVfiiyri r^v. Kal dcpixyovyxai 7xoQiv6fiBvo& 
iig Ktqaaovyxa tqijoIoi, noXiv 'MXXijvlda, enl rfj &aXdrtT^, 
2iyu>ni(oy anoixoy, iy rjj KoXxldi x^^^ff* *£vTav&a tfisiyay 
^fiigag dixa ' xal iUxaaig iv to'ig onXoig iylyvixo xal aqt- Iff 
^^6g, xal iyivorto oxxaxtg^fX^oi xal i^axoai^^, Ovxa 
ioia&riaay ix Tcay afi(fl xovg (ivgiovg * oi di aXXoi aTKaXoyro 
vno XB Toiv noXffitMy xal xtjg x^oyog, nal it xig yoof^, 

*£yxav&a xal diaXafipdvovai xb ano Tcuy alxfiaXaxtor 
yivofiivov dgyvQioy' xal xr^v dixdxtjv, rjy tcjJ *A7x6XX(avi W 
iU'iXoy xal xfj ^Eq>ioia ^AQTifiidi, diiXafloy oi axQtxxTjyol, x6 
(iigog i'xaaxog," q)vXdxTtiy xotg S'lolg * avxl di Xtigiooipov 
Ni*ay o ^Aaiyatog iXa(is, Aiyotpaiy ovy xb fiiv xov *An6l- 
Xuiyog dyd&Tjfia Tioitjodfiivog, dvaxld-ijaiv ilg xbv iy AiX- . 
q>dig Xbty ^Adtivnlmv S^i^aavgov, xixl iTxtygaips x6 xb a£- 25 
xov oyoua xal xb IJqo^ivov, og avv KXtdgxfa dni&avB ' (s- 
yog ydg i^v avxo). Tb $i xi^g ^Agxi/iidog xijg 'Eq>ialag, oxb 
anfiH avv 'AytiOiXda ix xifg ^Aalag xr^v ilg Boitaxovg bdoy, 
xaxiXiTiB ixaga Miya^vZt^ x^ xiqg ^Agxifiidog VKOxogo), St* av- 



K$<p. /.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 131 

Tog xivdwsvatov idoxu iivai [fitra AyijaiXdov iv KoQ(avdn\ ' 
xofft iniaTtiXev, iqv fxiv aviog ata&jj, kavtta anodovvat ' si di 
ri nd'd-oi, ava&Bivai, noiiiadfisvov rjj Agiifxidif o ti otoito 
XotQiuad-tti tJ ^«^. jBTitt d iq)vytv 6 Sfvo<f>wv, xatoixovy- 
ft Tog ijdfi avTov iv SxtXXovvtt, vno tuv Aaxedatfiovlmv ot- 
xia&ivTt naqd t^v ^OXvfinlav, a<pixvuia^ Msyd/ivZog dg 
*OXvfjtniav d-tmqriata^, xa\ anodldwat Ttiv nagaxata&'^xijv 
avTfo. Ssvo<puy di Xa/JtSv, x^Q^ov tovetrai ijj i^f^, onov 
dvtiXtv o •diog. *^Tt//8 di Sid fiiaov giuv jov x^Q^^'^ 

10 noxafiog SsXivovg. Kat iv E<pia(a di nagd xov rijg Idgri- 
^idog vfoiv SeXivovg norafiog naga^QH, xal ixd^vsg 8i iv 
dfiipotigoig svetai xal xoyxott ' iv di r^ iv SxiXXovvtt x^- 
gi(a xal 'd-i^gat ndvttav, onoaa iatlv aygsvofitva ■&fjgia. 
^£7tolf}a8 di xal vaov xal /Satfiov ano tov Ugov agyvglov' 

U xal toXoiTiov del dixarevtav toc ^x tov d/gov wgata, &v- 
alav inoiu TJj S^ft^ * xal ndvrtg ol noXliat xal oi ngogxa- 
goif [ofiov"] dvdgtg xal yvvalxtgy ftST£7xov t^j kogTf;g, JJa- 
ge7xs di ^ S^iog rdig axrjvovaiv aXtftia, dgrovg^ olvov, rga- 
ytlfiara, xal tuv '&vofjtsvfav dito rrig Ugdg rOfjiTJg Xdxog, xal 

20 jav ^Tigsvofiivav di, Kal ydg d^tigav inoiovvxo tig t^v 
sogjijv di re Ssvoqt^vrog 7ta7dsg xal oi rwv aXXtav TtoXiTWv ' 
oi di l^ovXofisvoi xal at'dgsg avvsdi^gtov * xal {A/axcTO Toe 
fiiv i^ aviov tov ifgov xf»g^v, id di xal ix Trig ^oXorjg, 
avfg xal dogxddtg xal eXaq)oi, *£fni di o ronog, fj ix Aa-- 

3ft xtdaifiovog Big ^OXvfiniav nogtvovtai, mg tXxoai arddioi 
dno TOV iv 'OXvfiniif Aiog isgov. "Evi d* iv rijJ Ug^ Tonta 
xal [Xsi,fio)v xaij aXatj xal ogri divdgtov /itaxd, ixavd xal 
avg xal alyag xal oig Tgiqtuv xal Xnnovg, tagrs xal xd tuv 
tig tjiv kogTtjv iovrtav vnoivyia tvwxtla&at. Jltgl 5' av- 

80 Toy Toy raov aXaog rmigtav divdgtov iq)VTtv&i], oaa iaxl 
rgwxTa wgaia. *0 di paog, wg fiixgog fitydXw, t^ iv ^Etpi- 
a^ tXxaaxai * xal to loavov toixtv, wg xvnaglaaivov XQ^^V 
Svttf t^ ii^ ^Etpia^t. Kal aTi^Xfj £ffTf/x8 nagd toy vaov, 



132 , SENO^siNTos [me. e\ 

/Qaftfiora fyn/aa' IEP02 O XnPOS TUS APTE- 
MUOS. TON JE EXONTA KAt KAPnOTMENON, 
Tim MEN JEKATHN KATASTEIN EKA2T0T 
ETOTS, EK JE TOT JlEPITTOr TON NAON EJIf- 
SKETAZEIN' EAN AE TVS MH UOUn TATTA, » 
THI SEJII MEAUSEl. 



Kiq>dkouov 9\ 

^Ek Xi^aaovrtog di xoto ^ilatrvp fth ixoidSoptp oXntg 
*al n^a&iv, ol d SXXoi nara y^p ino^tvoyio, Eml di 
fiaap inl tolg Monvvoinnv o^loig, nifinovotp iig airoifg 
7\fifial^tov TOT TQantiowtMv, n^i^ivor ona tw Moav^ lo 
volmwv, iQm£vttf, noxBQor ^ 6ia ^piUof, 1} tig dia nolt^ 
nUxg noQivaortw r^g /oi^o;. Oi d* tlnov, or^ ov diol^ 
asitP • MoTtvoy /uq toig x^(f^ig» *Evxtv^$p Xiyu o Ti" 
fiiiai&fog, ou noUiiiol liaty aitotg ol in rov ini*Hy» ' xal 
idoMH xaliaat ixdvovg, ei fiovXoino cvftftaxlay not^aa- ift 
o&ai' Hol nefi<p&tlg 6 Tifirfal&tog, f^xiv ayny rovg cif^ 
Xonag, 'En ft ds u\plnovTO, avv^i&op 0% ts jwy Moavvol^ 
xtav agxovffg »ftl oi ar^artiyol wv 'EXXijymy ' xal tltyt fiiy 
Ziyo<f'Oty, rffffi'^ytVM di TtfAi^ai^nog* 

*' It Svdgtg Moawoixoi, ^fisig dtaam&ijiyai ftovX6fi9&a so 
tig Tijy 'liXXuda ntifj * nXota /uq ovx fXOfAtp ' xmXvovai di 
ovToi fffAai, ovg axovofitv Vftiv noXtfilovg iiyai. * Ei ovy 
fiovXia&t, t^eauy Vfi7y ^fiag Xafiuw avfiftaxovg, xal tt/AWQ^ 
aaad ai, tt ti ntino^* VfAug ovTOi ^dlxijaap, xal roXotnoy 
v/iotjy vntixoovg tlvai jovrovg, Ei 98 ^fiag atpi^atTt, uxi* 2M 
ipaa&t, notify av&ig ay joaavrfpf dvyafjit>y XafloiTi avftiia^ 
Xov*** IJQog xavxa aixsx^iyaxo o Sgz^y xmy Moawolxvty, 
0T» xal PovXoivTO xavxa, xal' dixoiyjo T^y avftfiaxlay* 
" "Aytxt Jjf," Bq>ii 6 Stroipay, ** xi iJ^wf di'^ata&e jp^ifaaa^arft. 



Ktip. d'.} KTPOr ANABASIS. 133 

av avfifiaxoi Vfimv yevtofitd-a; xal Vfittg ji olo/ re lasad-B 
flfiiv avft7t(fa$ai> ntgl jrlg diodov /* Oi d itnoy, '* on »xa- 
vol iofjtev tig T^i' x^Q^^ iiglSdXX^iv in rov inl ^diega tr^v 
xuf vfuv TC nal rifiv jfoXtfdiuv, xal dtvgo v/uy nifuftai vavg 
A T« xal avdgag, oXuvtg Vfur ovfinaxovvtal t9 xal tijy odor 
^y4^orrai" 

*£ni JovToig maxa domg xal Xafiovjsg, &xoirtQ' xfSti 
ttxop ijl vatiifal^ ayorreg tQiaxotna nXoia fiovo^vXa, xal h 
ixdaif^ tQtig avdqag' wv ci (iiv dvo ixpdvxtg, tig ta^v 

10 i&8ifT0 T« oTtXa ' o de tig tfitvt. Kai oi (iiv, Xafiopteg jd 
nkdia, dninXtvaap ' ol de fiivomg iU^d^avro wdt ' 'j&rri}- 
aav avd kxaiiv fidXiaxa, mgnt(f oi X^^^^» dvuajoixovyttg 
aXXijkoig, tx^vTsg yigqa ndvtig Xtvxtir (Joav daaia, elxa- 
afiiva xmov Tujdha* iv di Ttj dt^t^ TtaXior wg i$dnrixv, 

M tfiuQoa&sy fjih Xoyxn^ ^X^^* oina&tp di aviov jov $vXov 
a<pai^oitddg, Xitfaviaxovg ds ivtdtdvxtaav vnkq yovdnAV, 
ndxog oj; Xivov argwgAaTodiofjiov' inl di t^ xBg>aXfi x^dri^ 
axvtiva, Old ntq xd IIa<pXayonxd, xqafivXov tx^vxa xatd 
fiiaov iyyvxdifa xiagosidrf ' *iixov di xal aaydgtig aidtfj^dg* 

»*Evxtv9-fV i^iigx^ liiv avxav tig, ol d^ dXXoi> ndvxtg ^dov^ 
xtg inoqtvovxo iv ^v&fi^, xal duX&ovug did xtaP xd$s(or 
xal did x^v onXtav x&v *EU,i]imv inoQivovxo iv&i/g ngog 
xohg TtoXtfilovg, inl jifw^ioK, u idoxti inifiaxwiaxov tJvai' 
loxtixo di xovTO nQo xr^g noXstag, rilg fit^xgonoXttig xaXov^ 

9ft fiivrig aixolg, [xal] ixovar}g x6 axqoiaxov xwy MoavvoU 
xmv' xal ntf^l xovxov o noXtfiog r^v ' oi ydg ait lovr' Cfoy- 
xtg idoxovv iyxQaxtlg xal ndvxmv Moavvolxar thai, Kal 
t<paaav xovjovg ov dixalmg tx^iv xovxo, aJiXd xoivov or xa- 
xalapoyxag nXtovtxxiiy, 

w ^inovjo d* aixoig xal xw 'EXXi^ywv xiwig, ov xax&iyxtg 

VMO xay axgatriyvy, aXX* dgnay^g tytxiy, di noXifuoh 

n^gi6vx€»y, xiutg fiiy iavxa^ov * intl d iyyvg iyivovxo xov 

X09qlafV, ixdqaftdyxtg xqinovim avxovg * xoi dmxxttyay av- 

12 



134 _ SENO^IllSTOS \hi6.S' 

Xvovg jwy /ta^/iaQtitv, not tatp ovvotvafiavjeDv 'jSUffvcor t(- 
vug, xal idinxor, (ti/gig ov bi9op TOvg^EXXtivag fioti&ovrtag ' 
iha di anoTffanofUvoi wxorxo' xal iitoTtftovtig lag xc- 
q>alag rmv yex^y, imdUuvvaanf xoig tc 'j££Uijaft xal rolg 
iaVTWv noUfUotg * xal afia 4x6qtvov, vofuo uvl adorug, • 
Oi d' "JiXXtiveg /idXa ^&ovto, oxi Tovg re nolefdovg iiiB- 
Ttoifjxtaar SQaavrigovg, xal on oi iUl^omg "Jilkipng avv 
aixoig inttftvytaar, fidX* ovreg av/vol' S ovnw iiQoa&er 
intnoLtixiaap ir rjj axqaxiltf. Sero<poiv 9i, avyxaliaag 
tovg "iSXXrivag, Bintv * " "Ardgsg oxQatitiTai, (irfih a&v~ 10 
fiijaritt iptxa wr ytyemnfiivviv ' farf yaQ oxi xal a/a&or 
oi fitiop xov xaxov ytyivrixai. Jlffixw fih yag iniaxaa&t, 
oxi oi fUXlovxeg r^fuv ^yijata&ai xm ovxi noXifuoi tlatr, 
olgntQ xal fifiag arayxtj ' snttxa 6$ xal xwp *£XXiivay oi 
agitXiiaarttg x^g avv ^fiiy xa^fotgf xal ixavol ^yijoafupoi' 1A 
ilvai aw xolg flaQfidgoig xavxa ngdxxeir, ansff avv ^fiip, 
dlxijv dedtixaair * oigxB av&tg fjxxov xrjg ^fuexigag xoi(wg 
anoXdt/fortat. *AkX^ Vfidg dil naffaaxivdita&ah ontog xal 
xolg q>lXotg ovai xoiv PagPaqtav doUti xgelxxovg avxwy il- 
vat, xal xolg nolefiloig dfiX<6asxt, on ovx o/ioloig avdgdai 90 
fiaxovvxai vvv xb xal oxa xolg dxdxxoig ifidxorxoJ* 

Tavxfiv (lir ow xijv tuiiqap ovxag tfuivav ' xfj d* vore- 
gala ^vaavxfg, iml ixaXXugtiaav, oQioxi^aavxig, og&iovg 
xovg Xoxovg noiriadfievoh xal xovg fiagflaQovg inl x6 tvw^ 
rvfiov xona xavxa xa^dfuvoi inogevovxo, xovg xo^oxag fi&- 90 
xa$v xtav Xoxotv [og&loav ovxwv] BX^vxfg, vnoXBinofiivovg di 
ftixgov xov axoftaxog i^v onXixwv, ffaav yag xwr ttoAs- 
fjiitav, oX evj^Ofvoi xaxaxgsxoyxtg xolg Xl&oig s/iaXXov. 7bv- 
xovg ow aviaxtXXov oi xo^oxai xal oi ntXxaaxal ' oi d aXr^ 
Xoi I3d$i}v inogtvovxo, ngwxov fih ini x6 /w^toy, a<p ov xjj •• 
ngoxtgala oi fidg^agoi ixgdnijaav, xal oi avv avtoig, Ep- 
xav&a yaQ oi noXifiiot fjaay dvxixtxuyftiyot. Tovg fur ovp 
naXxaaxag iSilavxo oi fidg^agoif, xal ifidxovxo * insl d* iy^ 



Ktip. y.] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 135 

yvg riaav ol onXLjoti, hqanovro. Kat oi fth neXxouiTal 
ev&ifg einovto, dttoxovitg av<a itgog iriv firiTQonoXiy ' o* (^i 
OTtllrai iv ra^Bt linovto, J^nsl d avta r^Qav nqog raig xrfg 
firiTQOTtoXimg oixiaig, ivtav&a drj oi noXifitot ofiov dij ndr- 
A jeg yivofitpoi ifiaxovxo, xal i^ijxovjiiov toig naXxotg * xal 
aXXa doQUTu tx^^vreg nnxia, fiaxQoi, oaa avtig av <pigot fio^ 
Xig, TOVTOig insiQavro afivysa&ai ix /et^o?. 

'EtisI di oix VffUrro oi "EXXt^vig, aXX ofioai ^;|fo)^ot;i», 

Xqfvyov oi fiaqpaqot xal ivriv&fv, uTtartsg Xmovxtg lo /w- 

10 glov, *0 de (JadtXivg avxC$v, o iv tw fioawi tw in ' axgov 

laxodofirjfiivta, or xqiipovai ndvxeg xoivjj avxov fiiwopxa xal 

(pvXdxxoyxa, oix ij&fXev iUX&Hv, oids oi iv tw nqoxtqov 

aiqe&ivxt X^Q^^' ^^ avxov airv xolg fioavvoig xaxtxau- 

S'Tiaav, oi d* "EXXt^vig, diaqTidiovxtg 'to x^Q^^y evqicxov 

U •d^riaavqovg iv xaig olxiaig aqr<av vBVfjfjLivmv naxqiovg tic- 

Qvaivav, wg t<paaav oi Moavvoixoi * xov di viov atxov avv 

tjj xaXdfifj anoxelfjiivov ' '^uav ds isial ai nXilaxai, Kal 

deX<plvtov xs/iaxv ^^ oifiq}oqsvaiv ivgioxsio xixaqtxfVfiiva, 

xal axiag iv xivxsai x(ov dnXcpivtav, <a f^^xwyTO oi Moavvoh- 

SO xoi, xa&aTtsQ oi "EXXrjvtg xot iXaiou Ktxqva 5* inl xwr 

ivtayaltov lyv noXXd id nXaxsa, ovx ixovxa dt«(pviiv ovdffil- 

av. ToviM xal nXdarfa aha) ^jjf^djvro ttpovitg xal agxovg 

omwvxsg. Oivog d ibqlaxsxo, og axqaxog fiiv, o^vg i(jpai- 

ysxo (ivai> vno xijg auaxrigoxrjxog ' xtqadslg di, evtodijg t« 

99 xal '^dvg, 

Oi fiiv $Tj "EXXijveg dqiaxi^aavxtg ivxav&a, inogtvovxo tig 
TO TiQoata, nagadovxsg lo x^glov xolg avftfiax^aaat xav 
Moavvoixwv, * Onoaa di xal aXXa nagritaav x^Q^f* ''^^ 
avv xolg noXsftioig ovxatv, rd evTrgogodtaiaxa oi ftiv iXimov, 
W oi di hovxtg ngogexiagovv, Ta di nXilaxa xoidd^ tiv xuv 
Xtagiuiv ' dntlx^v ai noXug an* alXr^Xtav axadia oydoijxovxat 
ai di nXiiov, ai di ftsiov ' dva^ooivxiov di dXX'^Xmv avvii~ 
xovov tig xr^v hxigav ix xi^g kxigag noXtmg. Ovxiag vf^X'i 



136 SENO^SlNTOl [Bi6, E\ 

tt nal noiXfi 17 gtoga ijv* Ewil 9e noqivofi^voi iv xoiq ipl^ 
loi^ ri<tttr-, intiiixwamf tnjtolg naWag xmw ivdaifiivtiv ai- 
xivxovgy xe^ifBifi^iyovg ma^voig kip&oig, anaXovg xal Xivxoifg 
aipodqa, xal ov noXir diormg taovg x6 nXdvog xal x6 fi^xog 
tirai ' noixUovg di xi rwroy xal xa tfux^oa&tv ndvxa ffni^'- • 
fiivovq ivd-ifjU9r, ^j^ifrovf 9b xal xaiq kxaiffatg, alg f^yor 
oi "EXltivig^ ififpenwg avyytyrHf&ai * vofiog yag tjv aiplaiv 
cvxog. udivxol 9i ndvxig oi Srdfftg xal al yvwuixtg. Tovxovg 
Mktyov oS «r^arcvaa/A«roft fiagfla^tdxovg diiX&eiP, xal 
jtXtiijTov xmv *J£Uitivixtiif vofiviv xf^vt^iafiirovg. "Ep tc \9 
ydq oxXm ovxiq^ ixolovp, axB^ ay av&Qwnoi> iv igtifila Troiif- 
^tiav, aXXtitg 6i oix ay xoXfi^ty' fiivot t« ovxtq ofioiu 
tKffartov, antg ay fikx aXXmy ovxtg ' ditXiyoyxo xs kttnolq, 
ual dyiXmy i(p* iavtoig, xal oj^/ovnro itpiatdfjiivoi, onov tv- 
Zour, cSpnre^ aXXoig imduxyvfuyoi^ ift 



K€q>dXaiov b\ 

^ta xavxtig xijg X^9^9 ^^ "EXXt^v^^ did xt xr^g noX$fiiag 
ual x^g iptXtag, iJto(f(V&ri9ay oxxu axad-fiovg' xal ifpi- 
Hvovvxai ng XdXvflag, Ovxoi oUyoi ^aay xal vmixooi 
T^y Moovyotxtop ' xal o fiiog fjy xoitg nXtlaxotg avx^y ano 
^idjjQtlag, *EvTsv&€y d^ixyovvxa^ sig Tifiagrivovg* 'jl 9e 99 
Tttly Tiflagriyav x^ga noXv ijv nidivtixiqa, xal x^Q^oi (!/cy 
inl &aXtLXTu jjTTor igvfiya. Kal oi axQaxrjyol fX9Tii^^ ngog 
T« /co^'a ngogftdXXuv, xal xr^y axgaxiay ivfi&ijyal xi ' xal 
xd |eVt«, a ^xs nagd xuy Tifiagijv^y, ovx idixcvxo, aX£ 
inififiyai xfXtmavxBgt Bgxs povXivoaiyxo, i&vovxo. Kal 9m 
noXXd xaxa&vaavxmy, xiXog anidtKayxo oi fidvxfig ndntg 
yytifir^y, on ovdafiij ngogisyxo oi &(ol xoy TtoXffioy, Ey^ 
tiv&ey dri xd ^iyta idi^avxo, xal £g dtd <piXlag nogtvo^woh 



Kt<p, b'.J KTPOT anabasis, 137 

dvo ^fiigag, aq>lr.ovxo tlq Korvfaqa, noXiv '£lXfiv0ct, 2ipm~ 
Tiimv anoixovg, oixovrTag iv rjj Tifitxgfirar X^qn* 

MdxQig ivxav^a ini^ivafv ^ aj^nxid. nlrjd'og rijg xm- 
ja^aaBojg Tr}g odov ano rrig iv JBapvXmvi (i»Xitg «xgi fig 

A KoTVtoga, axa&fioi ixaxov sTxo(H dvo, naqauayyai k^axoatot 
ttxooh atddioi fivqtoi xttt oxtax^x^kioi xal k^axoatot * /^cU 
vov TtXrj&^ogf oxtw fiijrtg. 'Ertav&a Bfieivav ^fiigag jeTraQOh- 
xovxa xat nivxi, Ev di xavxaig ngrnxov ftsv xeSg ^tcitg 
^&vaav, xal noftnag inolijaar xaxd B^vog txaarog xmv 

10 ^ElXrtvmv, xal uyavag yvfivixovg. Ta d^ imxi^dtia ildfjijSa' 
vov, xd fitv ix trjg IIaq)Xetyovt&g, xd d' ix xup j(f(»^/o)y T«r 
Koxvatgixmv' ov ydg naqnxov d/oqdv, oH* tig to xiixog 
xovg da&BPovvxag idsxovxo. 

'Ev di xovxa tgxovxai ix StvaTtijg ngda^Big, <popovfi$Pot 

\b negl xav Koxvtogixwv xrjg t€ noXsmg (i^y ydg ixtivmr, xal 
q>6govg ixsivoig e<fsgov), xal ntgl x^g x^Q^^f ^^^ ^xow 
dfjovfiivriv* xal iX&orxtg ig to axgaxontdov, iXfyov ' ngoti" 
yogu di ' Exaxwwiiog^ dsivog POfiiidftsvog tlrat XiyuV 
'**'Enrfiiff$y ^ftdg, t» Svdgtg axgaxmxoii, 17 t©* JSimmtav 

20 noXig, iitaiVBQovxdg xt Vfidg, oxi Ivixdxs "EXXi^veg ovxeg 
fiag/idgovg, snstxa ds xal awfia&fioofiirovg, Sri did noXXCv 
xe xal dsivwv, ag ^fieig dxovoftey, ngayftdxwf atomofiivfH 
ndgtaxt. *AhovfJiiv de, "EXXrivsg orifg xal avxol, V(p* v/i^r 
ovxaf 'EXX^vnv d/a&ov fiiv xi ndoxBiyt xaxov ds firidiv 1 ovdi 

9ft ydg fifiug Vfidg ovdir nanoxs vni^g^afitv xaxtig noiovrxsg, 
KoxvwgZxat di ovxoi tial fxiy ^fiixsgot anoixoi ' xal xf^v 
^fogav ^fiBig avxdig xavxT^v nagadidtoxufitr, jSag^dgovg d<pi- 
Xofitvoi' , dio xal daafiov rifiiv qtigovair ovxoi xexa/ftivop, 
xal Ktgaaovvxioi xal Tgantiovvxioi ctgavxiag' wg&* n ar 

80 Tovrov^ xaxor noitjafixe, 4i Sivunimv noXig vofiiisi ndaxtiV' 

Nv¥ di dxovofisp, Vfidg tfg xs xrfV noUv /3/^ nagBXi^Xv^d^ 

tag, ivlovg oxi^vovv ir x€ug oixiaig, xal ix xuv x^gUnt' 

[piifi XafifidrHt, £v a» difia&i, ov ntl&ortag. Tavt* aw 

12» 



138 SENO^JliVTOS [Bi6. B\ 

ciu ah9»fi€P ' d di xavza noi^aert, irayxtf fffup, *al ICo- 
ffvlop xtd naffla/ivvq, xat aiXop, irtu^a Sp dwrnfud^m, 

n^ xavxa iyaatag SBnnpmp vni^ rnr aiqarimxmp A- 
ntr' "'ll^ls di, cS ardfftg J^mntift fx^fify ayaxwrx^, • 
Sr» Ttt atifiatm 9it9maafU&m xai to ojtla ' ov /a^ ^fuv igr 
dvpaior, afia tc /^ijfiara Synr xal ^^nr, xal toI^ noXs- 
fiioig fidgta&ai. Kat rw, imidri iig tag 'lilXfivldaq nokt*f 
iji&ofUWf ip Tgantiovpti flip, na^tl/op yitQ ^ftu^ iyo^p, 
lapovfitpoi itxofttp T« imxrfifta, xal av&* wp itiftfiomp ^ftag, M 
xal Imo idmxap tp ar^erxif, aPttrtf»nfiBP avjovg ' xal fi^p 
tt Ttg aixdig ^^Uog r^p tmv (ki^fiti^p, rovinp a7t$ix6fAi^a ' 
tovg ds noXtftlovg avt^p, iq>* ovg aviol ^yoipto, xaxop 
iMotov/itp, oaow idvpafiB&a. 'jE^iatB di aitovg, onolup 
tipwp iftwp hvxop • Tttt^iiai ya^ ip^adt, ovg ifiip ^ytfto- w 
pog dia ipdlap { nolig avpinffufttv, "Onoi d* Sp iX^outg 
iyoffup ftrf tx^ifiBP, up rt f ^ flti^fia^P y^P, Sp f « tig 'El^ 
XilPtdOf oix vflffti aXX* apayxfi XufifioPOfitP w ittijil^ia, 
Kal Kaqdov/ovg xal XaXdaiotfg xal Taoxovg, xalnt^ /Ja- 
atXimg ov/ vnijxaovg opxag, oft«>g xal ftaXa ipo^^vg optag 90 
noXtfilovg ixniadfitd-a, 6ta to awayxtiP iXpai XafifiaptiP ta 
ijrirrfdtux, ijttl uyoffop ov nafftixop* Maxffmpag di, xalnt^ 
fiafffla^vg opxag, ixel ayo^p, oXap idvpom, na^tlx^p, 
fptXovg re ipofutofiBP HPai, xal fil^ oidip iXaf$fiapofiBP iw 
ixilpup. Kotvuf^xag 8», ovg Vfttxiffovg ^hxtc euwi, iV u 9i 
ovTQiv eiXfjipafiep, avxol atxioi tlalp' ov ya^ wg ^IXtot 
n^ogtipi^pxo rifiip, ilka xXtlaaPxtg tag nvXag, ovx* stam 
a^opto, ovx* ISc» ayogap Bneftnop' ^xmvto^ di top 
naff* ifiw aQfioat^p tovimt aVxiop clra». "O di Xi- 
yiig, filtf nofftX&opxag axtp^ovp, ^t*fk ^Sftov^er rnvg to 
xafiPOPxag tig tag axiyag diiao^ai* iitil di oix ipi^yop 
tag wvXag, n ^fiag idixno aito to X^giop, tavxij dgtX^ii^ 
ttg, £Uo fihf oidip fiiatop ^«osf(#tt/<fir * oxtfpoiwny ^ wis 



Ki<p.^'.] KTPOT jmABAZnS. 139 

^xi^mg m, x«fivorttg^ tm ieevwr 4anwmrftg' ual tiiq ni- 
lag ^^VQOVfAtr, oTttag fi^ iitl r^ vfHtig^ a^iioutj waar oS 
uafivovxtg ^ftoiVf aX£ tip fiftiv ^ nofzloaa&ou, hav ^vXw^ 

* raid, Tiageaxtvaa/jUvoi^ tip fUif ri; cv wt^t intwteuSbi * £r 
^ KBxng, ili^a€&mt, ^A Si ^ntlkfiamg, ig, ^r Vfup don^ 
KoQvkav xal Jlaq>Xay6veig trvft/ioxovg notijinii&f i^ ^fioig* 
ifiBig de, f}v fniv aya/x^ j^ aroX^^V^/ucy %o» afiNport^tg' 
ijdri yn^ uoil ttlkmg nolikanka9l%ig vpM9 ^mte/iijaiK^My ' Sw 

H Si Sox^ W^^t ^^ TOp'na^ttyora n&tWftt&n spihi*. Uxd^ 
ofitv Si avTov xal in$&VfKiv t^ vfttti^ag nokBrng, jc«l x^^ 
^liov jitv ixi&etlKrtUtfP. IlH^aaofa&a ow, avforgmoi^ 
Ttg crvTw, (tiv im&vfttX, tpUot yiprta&au" 

*£x Tovxov fidXa fiiw Si^kot f^acn^ oi avjin^i^^tig tff *JSttu^ 

U Tttivvfief /nAcTTor^roiTtc Toig n^fiipofg. Jht^X&ufv S* av- 
ToSy olXXog, cincr, ** on ci noXiftw notijoifuvat ^xoitp, aXJt 
imStl$ovxeg, ou q>lXoi ihrL Kal Ui^lotg, i^v fiiv U^ijf c nffig 
Tijy. Stytanitav noXir, ixii S^6/i$&a * rvp Si Tovg it^iiSa 
xtXevaoftiv SiSivai, a Svrttrtai * i^fisp yi^ navw alif^^ 

SO orta, a Xiytxe" *£x tovxov Ima ts iJttfinop oi Koxwtft^ 
rat, xal ol axQunniyol xw ^Ekk^vwr ^iviiov tovg imp Sum^ 
nitup nQiafleig' xal Jt^og aXXi^kovg noXkMTB koI inntiSiim 
SitXiyoPTo, Tot X8 SXXa xal itf(fk t^ Xwnijg noffda^ imm^ 
^opopto, xal £p bidti^i iSioPta* 



KifdXouov f\ 

ft 7\mij (JLWP ovp ffi nt^ifff xotto ti tHiog iyipwn. Tj 
B* vaxtgala avpiXi^op ot cx^aniyoll toi^ 0t^atmtmg, xal 
iSixH aitoig m^l xiig Xomtig no^Uag, nofaxm ii mi mti 
toii^ Sip^tTtiag, povXtiitr&ai. £fv« /«f nit§ Sio$ 



MfineiQOt ya^ tiaav lijg JImiplayoplag * shs xottm ^aktntav, 
n^ogdtir idoxH Sivmnimv' fiovoi faq aw 496movw ixavol 
Avat nXoia naqaax^^ iqnovrta tfj OTQau^ KaXiaarreg 
0¥r toifg ngiafieig 9Wt/iovlivorro, xal ^|/ovy, "JSXXf^vag qv~ 6 
Tag "EXXiiOi tevrt^ n^xw xmlmg Six^m&m, x^ svpovg t« 
liyM xal xa fiilxma aviifiovUvnv, 

'Avaaxitg di 'Exaxmwuog, ngnxop fih a7teJto/4aaT9, negl 
ov ^Ttry^ wg xop UatpXayopa iplXoP noiijaotvxOf oxt ovx ftk 
Toig "MXXfiai noXtfitieovxnr aqmp ttnoh ii£ OTt, i^v xoig M 
fiaqfid^ig iplXovg tlwai, xoi/g "MXX^rag tdifiieortou, £nsl 
da av^jiovXivup ixiXsvor, intvlaiiwog Zde ilntr' ** Ei 
gih avftfiovXtvoifUf « fliXxiaxd fioi doxH elpuh noXXd fiot 
xiya&a yipoiro ' ti 9b fii^, xapopxla ' avxfj yaq i^ Uga 
avftfiovXii Xiyofiirti tlpat doxu /lof naqiiptu ' pvp yag dif, !• 
Sp flip ev avfifiovXsvaag q>€nf£, noXXol laea&t oi inatvovp^ 
rig fis' OP di xaxtig, noXlol tasa-d-t o» xaxagdfA^ou 
Jlgdy/icrra fih ovp old* oxt noXif nXtim &0fup, iap xaxa 
S-ttXcnrap xofilitia&B ' ^fiag yag dsi^au xa nXdia nogiZup ' 
fpf di xata yfjg axiXXiiad-t, vfiag dti^aei xovg (taxofiipovg tl- ao 
vai. "Ofimg di Xtxxia, a ytyfoaxw' t/inBi^ ydq ct/ii xal 
t^g X^gfxg "^^y naipXayopwp, xal xijg dvpdfismg * ^«t yag ^ 
XOiga ifjupoxtga, xa* nsdla xdVitaxa xal ogii vq>tiX6xaxa. 
Kal Ttgmop fisp ol8a ev&vg, ji xr^p ilg^oXiiP apdyxn noisl^ 
a&at ' ov ydg taxip aXXjj, rj ji xa xigaxa xov ogovg xtfg 55 
odov xa^ ixdxtgd ioxip vipfiXd ' a xgaxsip xarixopxtg xal 
ndpv oXiyoi dvpaipx Sp * xovxtop di xaxixofiiptsp, ovd Sp oi 
ndvxtg Spd-gmnob dvpaipxo duX-d-e%p, Tavxa di xal diL- 
^aifii Sp, it fiol xipa (iovXoia&e avfinifiipat. "Ensixa jdi 
olda xal ntdla opxa xal innslap, ^p avxol oi fidgfiagoi pO" 30 
Hiiovai xgdxxia ihat andang xrig /SaatXiwg inntiag. Kal 
PVP ovxoi ov nagsyipoPTO fiaadti xaXowxi' iXXa [xal] 
uhCov fj^gopii SgxPiP avtm, "Hp di xal dvpfi&^xB rd xm 



Ktf. c^] KTPOt ANjUSAZIZ. 141 

oqH nXi^h ^ ^&a€ai Xafiovtig, ual iv t^ n$dii^ XQin^tt 
fiaxiii^oi xavq tc inniag fvwiv nat, ffe^iwy jivqiadaq nlitoip 
fj dtidBxa, ^'|€T€ 4nl nota^vg, nqmxQV p,h tor Of^fiwdcrtaf 
$VQog xqmv nU-^qnav, ov jjfoilcffoy olfuu diafiaipuv, aXXug 

« T8 »at noXtfUmy nM&v ^iv %fAitqoa&tP Srmv^ noVMV H 
Sniad-tr iitofiitmy * "Swngov ^' Igiy, xQlxlB&Qar ligavxwg ' 
xqlxw d^^^tfy, ov (i$tov SvoXy axMow, iy owt £v 4vytu^ 
a&B avBV nXolwv diafi^vai' nXoia di xlg Itirrat o imgix99Vi 
igd* avxoig xal i Uaq&iriQg Sfiaxog' i^* ov SL^oire av, et 

JO xov ZdXvp xovxov Siafialfixs. *JS^ia ^iy ovr -oi ^o^CTK^y Vfup 

itvai voftiia xfiv noQ^lay, ilka nartanaatv idwcnor. Idv 

da nkifixe, toxip iv&Ma jjiiv aig JSivmnriv naganXevaah ^ 

> ^ivwjitig da aig 'ffgdxXaiay ' i$ *II(f€adekig da Mjxa nt^^f 

ovxa xara -d-dXaxxay anoqlm' noXXst ^»g mti nhUa iaxiv 

W h 'iTifaxltl^*' 

*£nal da xavxa ak^ar, ol /ih vmumtvoy, fpdlag apaxa xijg 
KoqvXa Xiyaiv ' Kal yug tfy ngo^avog ait^ ' «S da nal wg 
dtiga Xfiipofiavop dia rijy av/tfiovX^v xtxvttfr* cl d* vnio^ 
nxavop xal xovxov avaxa Xiyaiy, aig (iii ntSj Urtag xrfP Sir- 

90 vviniwf jtfcJ^afr xaxoV xi igyd£oivxo. Oi d* ovp "ElXrjvag 
itfniiplattyxo, xona •&dXaxxap r^y nogtlav 7totaw&au Mata 
xavxa SavoqMv alntp ' '* SI ^vmnalg, oi (Uv Svdgag ^fi^y- 
xai nogalav, fiP Vfiaig avfifiovXavaxa ' ovtn d* tj^ai' 4 fiap 
fiaXXai nXoXa aaaa&ai ixapa dg^&fif, 4ag apa fi^ xocoilij- 

S6 naa&a& ip&ada, ^fiug dri nlioifup ap ' ai di fuXXoifiiP ol 
ftap xaxaXtitffaudoh ol di nXevata&ah ovx up i/i/ialiifAap 
alg xa nXola. riypwaxofiap yog, oxi, onov (asp Sp xgaxat^ 
flap, dvpalfia&* op xal awj^ao&at, xal xa ixix^dua ^(alP^ ai 
di nov lixxovg xSp noUfiUip Xtiq>&tia6(ia^a, avdfjXop dijf ox* 

to ip apdganodwp x^g^ iaofta^a,'* *Axovoapxag tovto «{ 
ngiafitig, nifinaip ixaXavop ngiafiaig^ Kal na/inovat XaXr- 
XifMyCOP *A^xdda, xal *J^lffxa»P€t *A^HPaioP, nal JBafiolop 
'jlxaiop' xal oi {Up ^j^oyro. 



142 SENO^IINTOZ [BiS. JS^ 

inUrmg tmv *ElXiiv»p, o^ptI' dc noXXovg TttXraaTag, noX-^ 
Xovg di XBft ro^Tag xal aq>tvdoPTJjag, xor» Inmag^ de, xcn 
fidXa fjdfi dia t^p iQifi^p ixopovg, ovjag d ' ipT(^ Horrt^ er- 
•^a aix Sp in' iXl/oip /^ij/iaTtyy roaavtrj dvva^ig nags- ft 
axevda&ii, xaXop avral Mxh hpoi xal j^ftf^oy xal dvpa- 
flip jf^ *£lXd^i TTQogxTijaao&ai, nokip xcnoixiaaviotg, Kal 
ysria&ai up Mxn c^ii^ fifyaXfj, xareiXoyiioftip^} to- re 
mvTWv nXij&9g, xal Toirg ntgiotxovpiag jov Hoptop. X«t» 
inl rovroig id^vero, ngh xipi tintip lup argattnT^iv, !• 
JSiXavop nuQaxaXiaag, tw Kvgov fuipTtP ytPOfiiPOP, ror 
Idfi/iQaxitiTffP, 'O di JSiXttvo^, dediiog fitj yipovio ravta, 
xal xajafiilPHB Ttov 1} aiQu-gid, ixtpigu tig to aiqotx^Vfim 
Xoyop, on StPO<pwp ftovXttai xatafittpui li^p atqajidp, xal 
noXiP oixlaai, xal iavTu oPOfia xal dvpafiip Tre^iTroiifaoe- IB 
a&ai, Avtog d$ o ^iXapeg ifiovXtro oti taxtoxa tig Tijy 
*£U.dda aq>ixia&ai ' ot^ J^ct^ notga Kvgov tXafls rgigj^Xlotfg 
Sotguxovg, ore tag Sixa '^fAsgag rjXi)&sva8 •d-vofitpog Jfvg»f, 
^itaiaaxsi. Tup ds (ngarifOT&p, ind ijxovaap, xclig- (ih (do- 
xii /aiiiarop tlptti xaiafisipai, rotg di noXXcfeg ov. Tifia- so 
eliop ds Jagdapevg, xal Otiga^ o Botoittog, Tigog iftTto- 
govg iipag TtagoPiag-Toip'HgaxXtunwp xal SiPoaniviP Xiyovaiv, 
" OTi, H /i^ ixTtogiowH jjj trtgcni^ fiKr&op, ugit ix^ii^ ^« ^^^^ 
77Jd tia ixTtXioPtag, or* xipdvpevasi fitipai roaavrri dvpafiig^ ip 
»w JlOPtf^ • povXfVtjai yag Sepo<pwp, xal '^[iog nagaxaXi7, a* 
intidap tX&rj ra TrXdla, tot* BiTtiip i^l(ppr}gTJj orgaxta ' ^^Jy^ 
Sgtg, yvp ftsv ogafitp ^fidg anogovg^ opxag, xal ip rw ano^ 
nX(^ tx^ip la imxr^dua, wai ofxcids aniX^oprag op^aal Ti 
wifg ohcw. £i Si povXev&e rijg xvxXt^ X^^gag ntgl xhp 
JloPtOP eixevpJpijg ixXs^dfjiiPOi, wtri or povXria&e, xaxtt- »• 
axiiVf xa* top flip &iXoPTa, amipai otxadt, top di i&iXopxct, 
ftipEip aixovi nXeiia di vfiip ndgsorip, SgTt, ottij, Sp fioiXi^ 
•^e, ilalq^rig dp immaoiTeJ "" 



Ktip. ^\] KTPOr ANABASIS. 143 

*Atiotfi!famg ravva oi l/iTro^ot oTf^y/slXov tuig noXtai* 
xjwinsfAtps d^ avToig Tifiixaltav o AciQdavtvg ^Ef^vfiaxov re 
Tov AaQ$avia, xal Oa^axoi tov Boiwtiov, xa avta tavta 
tQOVvxfxg, Sivxanug 8i xtxl ^HguxXetirai ravta axovaavxtq 
« nifjinovai ngog Tifiaaliova, xal mlsvovat Ttgoarativacth 
lapovra /^if/uttTor, wto^ ixTrXevatj ^ atgattdi. *0 di, aafiE- 
vog axomag, iy ffvXXoyw twp UTgaTimjav ovrtyv, Xiyu tads' 
** oi del TigogixHV ficvjj, tu nvdgsg, ovde xr^g 'jEXXddog ovdip 
nfgl nXitovog^ Ttoiua&ai. Idxovtit 8i rivag -&vsad-at iitl 

10 Tovr», ovd vfiip Xiyovtag. ^Tnioxvov/iai di vyilv, iav cx- 
TiXiriTf, «7ro vovfirivlag fiia&oq>ogav nagiltiv vfiTv KvJ^ixrj^ 
vov ixfltOTO) TOV fjtfjvog * xal of|f» vficig ug ttjv Tgt>mda, Iv- 
&tv xtu et/il (pvydg ' xal vnaglu Vfilv ^ ifjir] noXig ' ix6v~ 
xfc ydg (iS di^ovxat. 'Hyr^o^ai di avxog iyta, bv&sv noXXa 

i« /^ijjuttta Xi^iptu-ds. ^Eftnugog di hjii xrig AloXldog xal x^g 
^gvying xal xijg Tgmddog xa* t^^ ^agvapd^ov agx^jg nd- 
etjg ' T^? fiiv, did xo ixud^tv elvai, xrjg di, did x6 awscxga-^ 
X6va&ai iv avxfj avv KXsdgxto xs xal AtgxvXXidaJ* 

Ava&tdg d sv&vg Otoga^ o Bottoxiog, og ail ingl aTga- 

» xijylag Aivoq>wvTt, iftdxno, fqtt), ti iUX&otsv ix xov IIovxov, 

^ taeadai avxoig Xtg^ovriaov, /cJ^av xaXr^v xal svdalfiova, 
wgxB, xa ^ovXofAivfo, ivoixuv, xw di fJiTj povXofiivoi, dnUvat 
otxads ' ysXdiov d tivai, iv x^ 'EXXddi ovarig xf^gotg noXXijg 
xal d(pd-6vov, iv x^ ^agpdgtoy fiaaxevsi-v, ****EgT6 d* av' 

M sqyrj, " ixti yivrjad^s, xdyfa, xad-dnsg Tiftaalwv, vitiaxvovfia* 
Vfilv xijv fiiad-oq>ogdvJ* Tavxa 5' eXsysv, eiddg, a Tifia^ 
olfova ol 'UgaxXtaxai xal ol Sivtanug inayyiXotvxo, wgxt 
ixnXiiv. 'O di Sivo<pwv iv xovxta ialya. ^Avaaxdg di 0t- 
Xijaiog xal Avxtov, oi ^Axaiol, eXsyov, wg dsivov strj, idla 

ao fih Atvoqmvxa ntl&fiv xe xaxafiivuv, xal ■&mad'ai vnig 
xijg fjtovrig, firi xoivovfAfvov xjj argaxi^ ' tig di xo xoivov fiij^ 
div dyogtvsiv nsgl xovitov' ^grs '^vayxdad-fi . o Zevogxop 
ivtttfxrjvai xal sinBlv xddt' 



144 SEJfO^nnrros {BtS. jk\ 

** JSyti, Ai Syd^tg, ^voitat /mV, tig offuxt, ono^a Ovra- 
^m, xa« vn$Q vfiw %n\ vtibq ifAovjov, onwg lavra xvyx^'*'^ 
not UytiP *a} rtfwf koI nQmm»i anwt ftiXlsi v/uw if xoil* 
JtioTTO nal Sgiata eaca^a^ xai ifiol* Kal vvr i&vofiiip nrgi 
uvxov tQViov, CI SfAttrot^ cfi| S^90&tt^ Uynp Big vtAag *al • 
itgdrtHt nB^l T9VT«y» ^ vartdnaoii fn^9* anuo&ai rov 
nqa^liatog, SiXwcg di /km o fidrtig inixqlvajo, to fiir 
liiyiarav, %i Uga nala ihak ' j^dti ydg xal i^i ov* antiifw 
orra, dui to itt noQuv^u xoig Ugolg ' $ltU ^i* oxi h xoig U- 
goig ipalro!xo xig doXog xal inifiovXii iftol, tog Squ yiynaaxmp, lO 
oxt aixog intfiQvUvB diafidlliip fAi ngog vfiag. *Ji^ptyx9 
yig xiv loyov, tog iym ngdxxnw xavxa dwPOtUfiiiv ^dfi, ov 
ntlaag v/iag, *SyA dt, ii flip anoqovpxag Vftag im(fwp, 
tovx* Sp iaxinovp, a<p* ov up yipoixo, SgxB Xajiopxag v/iag 
noXiP, TOP fitp /iovXofiBPOP, anonXiip f^^ij, xop di fi^ fiov- u 
XofUPOP, inBl xxtloouxo ixttptt, £gxB xal xovg iavxov olxtiovg 
iiftX^aal xi» *£7ttl d* o^cS vfup xal xa nXo7a nifinopxag 
^HqaxXttixag xal ^iPtanug, wgxB ixnXkip^ xal fua&op vni- 
oXPOVftBPOvg Vfup apd^ag ano povfir^plag, xaXov ftoi doxBi 
Blpai, owiofiBPOvg, bp&u fiovXo/iBd-a, fiia&op x^g oo^xiiQlag 90 
XafifiaPBOf ' xal ixixog xb apanavofuu ixiipr^g xr^g ditxpolag, 
xal onoaoi nqog fiB nqogi^Boap, Xiyopxtg, wg x^i tavxa 
TXQoxxBip, apanavutto&ai tftifil jtf ?y«** Ovxut yag yiyrti^ 
oxtO' ofjiov fisp opxeg itoXXol, ugntg pvpI, JoxcItc Sp fio& 
xal BPXifiOi Blpah xal ^x^ip xa in^xijdBia * ip yaq x^ xqaxup Sft 
iaxl xal x6 Xaft/iiipBip xa x^p '^xxopiop * diaajxaa&ipxfg di, 
xal xtxxa giixQa yBPOfiipiig xi^g dvpdfiBmg, ovx* ap xgoq>^p du-* 
yaia&B XafiflaPBiP, ovxb xo^Qopxeg Sp anaXXd^aixB. Joxu 
ovp ftoi, anBQ vfitp, ixnoQBVBa&ai Big x^p *£XXd3a ' xal Sr 
rig (tBlpri, f anoXmtop xipa Xiitp&p nqlp ip aatpaXii Bhai 90 
nap TO tjxgdxtviia, xqlpBa&ai aixop wg adtxovpxa. Xal 
or^ doxBl" tqfn, "TavTa> a^orw 'x^p /c'/^a." *ApiTHwa^ 
anarxBg* 



K%(p. i\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 145 

'O dt Silavog ifioa, xal intxiign Xiysiv, tag dlxaiov cl'if 
anifvai xov fiovlo/uvov, Oi is atQaTiwjai cvx ifvetgopTOf 
ak£ '^utilovy aiva, u X^tpot^ou, iuodidf^ntovxm, Zxt T^r 

* on itfaXiiv Stdo/fiivov ttii, xal Jevotprnp aitog cx^y^f^qpixu^ 

TifiaQuovi xnit ^^aici, ^^tvfffiivei ii^txy t^^* fi€O&oq)0(jt'ig, 
*JiVTav&a ixJisjilti/fiivoi t^aav, xai idBdltaav ir^v aiquniixv, 
o! xiiv fuod-og>OQay vnta/rifiivoi. JlagaXafiovteg ow ou- 

10 jot xal Tovg uXXovg CTQatti/ovg, oig avixtxolfavtOf a Trgo" 
a&ty tuqartov^ (anavxng d' ijoav, nXifv Netivog xov 'Aai- 
puiov, og X€i(}io6(po^ VTttaxgaxiqyH * Xet(fi(foq>og de ovnu 
7ta(j>ijv) tQXOVXdi nqog Aivoqwyxei, xal Xiyovaiv, oxi ^era- 
fiiXoi avxoig, xal doxolii xqaxasxay ilvai nXiiv lig ^mmv, 

U iiiil nXoia \ixfi] ioxi, xal xaxaaxBiv x^v ^Imaiav^v x^gav, 
Air^iov d* vidovg ixvyx^"^^ fiaatXevwv aii^v. £tvo(p6ip 
d^ aniXQivaxOf ** oxi ovdiy av jovrmv tVnoi fig xi^v axf^axiav ' 
Vfifig di avXXi^aPxeg** Biptit " u (iovXur&Sf Xiyixe^ ^Ev^ 
xavda anoddxpvxat llfiaaimv 6 Jagdavtvg yvtifitiv, ^{ 

to ixxXtjaiaiiiv, aXXa xoifg kavxov txaaxov Xoxayovg ngfoxovg 
nBigaa&ai ntl&Biv, Kal imX&opxsg xavia inoiovy. 



Ksfpdlaiov t'. 

Ol de axgaximai aytTtv&ovxo xavxa ngaxxofieva, Kal 

o Nitty Xiyu, tag Sivo(poiv, ayanenBixtag xovg aXXovg axqa- 

tfiyovg, diayotitai ayuy i^anaxi^aag xovg axQaximag naXiy 

98 ug 4»aaiy. 'Axovaavxig de oi oxgaxiaixai x^^^^^S tfjpigoy' 

xal avXXoyoi iylyvovxo, xal xvxXoi avvlaxavxo ' xal /laXa 

(po/iigol rjaay, firj noii^anav, ola xal xovg xmv KoX/my xij- 

gvxag inolriaay, xal xovg ayogayofiovg ' oaoi yug fji^ ilg 

t^y ^aXaxxay xaritpvyoy, xaxeXeva&fiaav. * Fntl de ya&k' 
13 



146 SENO0ILN7O2 \Bi6. J^. 

mo ABVog>£v, edo^sv avj^ tog xaxioxa awayayiiy avwr 
ayo^dv, xal fiti iaaai avXXtyrfVcu aiiofiaxovg ' xal ijuXevoB 
tov %r^QV%a iSvXU^ai ayoqdv. Ol d\ inil rov xtj^nog 
^novaav, avrid^afiw xal fidXa holfiwg, 'Ertav&a S^vo- 
fpwv Tuv flip ajQatijyuy av xarrjyogH, ort ijX^ok n^og av- c 
toy, iiyBi di w9i ' 

** Idxovtt Tiwd dittfidXlsiPf cti avd^eg, ifd, wg iyw aga 
i^ancnijaag Vfiag fidXXm ayuv tig 0daiv> ^Axovoati ovr 
fiov, TtQog S^my ' xal day fiw iyd ipaiywfAai adixay, ov 
XQ'i fiB iv&iydt antX&tiy, ugly ay dta [ii?y] ^ixriy * ay 10 
d' vfiiy tpalywrrai adixovyreg oi ifii diaftdlXoyteg, ovtmg 
ttVToig XQ^^"^'* wgntQ a^ioy. 'Tfietg di iniaraa&8 di^irov, 
oTto&iy a ^Uog avlax^h xa» onoi dvBra^ ' xa* ou, doty flip 
Tig $ig jfiy ^J^iXdda fiiXlfj liyai, ngog kandqay del nogiv^ 
ta&ai' day dd Ti^ fiovlriTai tig roifg fiafffldgovg, rovfinaXiy is 
ngog Fqi. *'£auy ovy, ogtig tovto dvyan av vfidg d^aitaT^- 
aai, ig 6 ^Xiag, ty&Bv fiiy aylaxti, dvtrai d' drtav&a ' IV- 
^iy de dvtrai, aylaxn d' dvttvdiv / ^JlXa fir^y xal tovto 
ye dnioTcn&B, oti o Bogiag fiiy I'^oi tov /Zoitov tig r^v 
'jEXJsmda q>igei, Norog Si $tai» tig 0daiy ' xal XiysTc, otov m 
o Bo^(dg nvdji, mg xaXol nXol tlaiy. rig Ttjy 'ElXdda, Tovto 
ovy toTiy onmg Tig ay Vfidg dlanaTriaai, wgr dfi/iaivHV, 
onoToy NoTog nvdji / ^JlXd ydg [vfidg], onoTuy yaXi^vri ^, 
dfifiifim. Ovxovy dyto fiiv dy hi nXoii^ nXevaovfiai, vfidg di 
TOvXdxiOTOP dy kxaxoy- Il^g ay ovv vfidg dya ij Piaaaifiriy » 
ovy dfiol nXtiv, fifj ^ovXofiiyovg, rj d^anaxi^aag ayoifu; 
Jloi^ d* Vfidg d^anaTTid-ivTag xal xaTayotiTtv&iyTag in 
dfiov i^xeiy iig 0daiy * xal d^ xal airoflalyofiiv tig Ttfy j^oi* 
gay ' yyciasa&e di^nov, oti ovx dy TJj 'ElXddi doTi ' xal dyw 
flip taofiai 6 d^rinaTTixmg tig [vfiag], Vfieig di ol ^{ijircrn^ M 
fiivoi dyyvg fivgUax, %x^^^ onXa, llag av ovy elg aytig 
fidlXoy dolri dlxtiv, ^ ovren nsgl ovtov ts xal vfiay fiov^ 
X^ofisyog f *M£ ovtoI tioiy ol Xoyoi aydgoiy xal ^h^imy. 



Key- £'.] KTPOT uiNABA2T2, 147 

xcxl ffiol ip&ovovvTiov, oti i/m v(p^ vfi^v tifmfiai. Kaito^ 
ov diKalmg /' av (loi q)&ovoXtv. Tiva yaq avx^v iyoi ^uta- 
Ixxa ^ XiyBiv, bV tig w dvvaTai dyixdov iv vfitv, tj iidxso&ah 
et T/^ i&ilti, vjiig vfMV xe xal lavtov, ^ i/Qfiyo^iyat, nsgl 
6 jr^g VfAtxiqug €i<jq>aXdag int^sko^evov ; Ti ydq ; aqx^^o^Q 
algovfiivnv VfioHv, fyio tlvt i/inodi6v eifii; J2ix(^lriftt, ai^ 
Xhat * fiopov iya&ov ii noiMV Vfiag q)aivda&o>. [4kXa yag 
ifiol fih dgxu mgl tovtohv xa eigtifisva ' ei Si tig vfiav ^ 
avTog i^anatfj&iivai av Qterai javtet, rj uHov i^aitottijoai 

10 tavia, Xiyuiv Sidaaxitio. "Oxixv dh tovtoiv nUg ^x^t, ^ij 
aTiiX&TitB, TtQiy av axovatjts, olov ogiu iv t^ vtgati^ ag- 
XOfiBvov nqayfia * o cl bttsigi, xal tatm, oiov vnodalxwaiv, 
^a riiiiv fiovXsvea&ai nsgl ^fimv avtwv, /ifii xdxiarol ts xal 
ttlaxtdtot avdQBg (pavwfjiev xal ngog '&(wv xal nqog avS-ga- 

Iff nwv xal q>iXliov xal noXf^lfav, xal xata(pgovfidoafi6v,** 
\dxovaavTfg tavxa ol argaxi^xah id^avfiaadv X8, o tt eVij, 
xal Xiyuv ixiXsvov, '£x tovtov agx^xai ndXiv* "^Unloxa- 
ad-i 7X0V, oxi x^gla ijv iv toig ogeai toig fiag^gixdig (piXia 
xoig Kegaaovvtloig, o&bv xartovtsg rivig xal Ugeia imaXovv 

90 riiiiv, xal aU.a, iv e^oy. Joxovai di fwi xal ifi^v ti- 
vsg, tig to iyyvzdjta x^Q^^ tovtwv iX^^rxeg, dyogdaavttg 
11, Txdliv iX^tiv, TTovxo xatafta&wv KXrdgttog 6 Xoxayog 
on xal fiixgov bVtj xal d^Xaxxov, did to (plXiov vofilSsiv 
dvat, egxitai iul aixovg ttjg nvxtog, cu; nog&rfwav, ovdevl 

» flfiwv ilni^v, Jitvsvirito di, d Xd^oi toSe to x^glov, eig 
fiiv to argdtsvfia firixiti iXd-eiv, ififiag d tig to nXdiw, h 
¥ itvyxavov oi avaxtivoi avtov naganXiovxig, xal ivd-iiie- 
yog, it Ti Id^oi, anonXitov oTxsa&ai Ho) Toti Ilovtov. Kal 
ravta awvi(jLoX6yfiaav avt^ oi ix tov nXoiov avaxrjjvoi, tog 

M iyw vxrv aia^dvofiai. HagaxaXiaag ovv, ondaovg ensi&ev, 
fiyev inl to xo^^Q^^* JIogsvofiiVQV ds avxov (p&dvBi fifii- 
ga ytvo/iivri, xal avotdvtsg oi avd^gtinoi, dno iaxvg^v 
tonmv pdXXovtig xal nalovtsg, tov tz JCXsdgnov anoxtU- 



148 ZEI^O0IINTO^ \Bi6. £\ 

rovai »al ww aXXwr ax^zyovg* o» di rirtg xor« rig Ktga- 
0ovyrm avr«y aTiojjfcu^ovtfi. Tavia d ^y ir ij ^f(^?v fl 

tirig r^ottv h Kf^aaovvri, ovna ayi^/fiivoi. Meia joZto, 
vg oi KtgabovyTioi li'/ovoiv, mpmyoivrai itjy itt jov x^~ * 
glov TQelg avd(ffg tav yfQvtxiQmv, nf^og to xotv^v to if/iers^ 
fov x^/fSofTtg iX&HP. ^JCtkI di ^ag oi xatiXttfiov, ti^o^ tov^ 
KtQaaovvilovg Hf/or, 07i ■&etvfiaSoitv, r£ ij^tv 96liuv iX- 
•Qiiv inl aVTOvg. *Eml (urtoi eipttg Xiyttr, itpaottr, ' 
Sri ov% 07I0 %oivov yivono to nga/fia, ijdta&al re av- 19 
Tovg nal gi^Xtiv tbIhp iivgo, ng ^fitr li^at ra ysvofifva, 
ual Tovg vixQoifg xfXtvHv oviovg ^umtiv lafi^yittg roifg 
Toviov Ihouirovg. T^uly ^ imwpvyoviup iirsg "Julltiytg 
trvxoy hi Sntg iv KiQcnovvti' ala&ofuvoi di xovg fiag^ 
fiagovgt onoi toisr, etviol tb ixiXfiiyjuv fiaXlnp to7; Xi&oig, ift 
xttl tciig SXXoig naginsXtvono, Ka$ ol uvdgtg ino^vri- 
gxovai, TgEig St^tg d ngiafing^ xajaXBva&iyreg. ^£ntt di 
TOVTO fyiviw^ tgx9ytai' ngog ^fiag qI K^aaovmot, xai 
Xiyovai to ngay/ia' xml ^fing oS axgetriiyol ixowavTig 
^ix^ofttd-d re tolg ytysy^giivoig, xal ifiovXtvofit&a airy sa 
jo7g Kegaaoyytloig, nug iv rmpdnoaw ol tiuv *EXlrivvi¥ 
vsxgol, JSvyxm&ii(AByoi ^' t$»&ty xmy Sjtift>v> d^t(f>^'rjg 
ixovoiity '^Offyfiov TtoilAoi;, 'naif, naU, ftdXXt, fidXXe^ 
Kal laxn dtj 6gw[ify noXXovg ngog^iovtag, Xl&ovg [J'J f^ov^ 
lag iy taXg X^Q^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ oiymgovfuvevg. Ked ol flip 9& 
Kfgaaovyjioi, wg ay xal kngaxotsg to nag* iavxtllg nguy- 
|U)r, Maavxtg anox^fgovci Txgog T0 9iAo7«. Maav di, vt^ 
Jia, 01 xal '^fJuHp ideiaop. ^Eytayn fiify ^X&op ngog av- 
701;?, xal r^gtattw, o t» iisjl to Jiqayfitt, I'wp di ijaap fiiv. 
Oft oidip ydiaap, Ofiw? di Xi&ovg tlx^p ip rmlg x^^^^' *^ 
^Tifi di [xall tldoxt iivl ivixvxop, Xiyti fioi, oxt ol uyoga^ 
pofAOi deiyoxaxa noiova^ xo axgmxsv^a* Kal ip jovx^ ng 
«($ Toy ayogavo(ioy Zr^XagxoP ngog xt^p 'd-JiXaxxap anox^^^ 



K%(p. f '.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 149 

govvta xal avixgaysV oi d*y wg ^xovaar, Sgntg ij avog 

, ayglov ij iXd(pov (poafivtog, Unai in* avxov, Ol d* ai 
KtQaaovvTioh <^g sidov ogfinmag na&* kavrovg, vo/ilaartsg 
inl atpag tio&ai, tpivyovai dgofifa, xal ifiTtlnrovaiv eig t^v 
A &dXaTTav,' SvvHgimaov di xal ^fMv avTOjv rtvsg, xal 
invlyeio, ogttg gjiri hvyxav^ sJiiordfiBPog vtiv, Kal rovTOvg 
t/ doxiire; ^dlxovv (liv ovdiv, edstaay di, fir) Xvaaa Tig 
^gneg xvolv rifuv ifAnsntoixou JSt ovv tavxa roiavra 
eattt*, &sd(iaad-8, oXa r\ xaxaataaig ^fiiv Batai Trjg argot- 

to uag. ^Tftug fiiv ol ndvxtg ovx Basa&s xvgioi> ovt aviXi-* 
a&ai TioXf fioy, ^ dv fiovXrja&s, ovts xaxaXvaai ' idla di o 
PovXofi^vog u^H argdxivfia, iq>^ o xi dv i-d-iXji, Kav xivsg 
ngog Vftdg Xoaai Ttgiajisig, ij 8iQiivr,g Sfofisvoi fj SXXov xivog, 
xaxaxxBtyavxfg xovxovg oi ^ovXofiBvoi, noir^aoviSiv Vfidg xmv 

16 Xoywv fiTj dxomai xmv ngog vfidg ioyxoav, *'£nsiTa di, ovg 
fiiv dv Vfie7g anavxsg tXrja&s dgxovxag, iv ovdsfii^ X^Q^ 
ioovxai' ogtig d' dv kavxov tXijxai axgaxrjyoVf xal id-iXt) 
Xiysiv, * BaXXt, fidXXs,* ovxog taxai ixavog xal dgxovxa xa- 
xaxavuv xal Idifaxriv, ov dv vfiav i&iXt), dxgixov, .^y aaiv 

SO ol nBMOfiSVOi avx^, agnsg xal vvv iyivtxo, Ola d' Vfiiv 
xal dian^ngaxaaiv oi fxvd-algtxot ovxoi axgaxrjyol, oxiipa^ 
a&s. Zi^Xagxog fiiv ydg 6 d^ogavofzog, ti fiiv ddixst Vfidg, 
o^crat dnonXimv, oi dovg Vfitv dlxtiv * si di fitj ddixit, 
<pfvyH ix xov axgaxsvfjiaxog, dsiaag, firj adlxmg dxgixog 

■US dno&dvtj. Oi di xaraXsvaavxig xovg ngiafisig dungd^av^ 
TO9 vfiiv fAovoig fiiv t^v ^EXli^vrnv eig Ksgaaovvia fi'q da<pa^ 
l^g flvai, idv (ifi avviaxvi, agtixvtiad'ai' xovg di vtxgovg, 
ovg ngoa&iv avxol oi xaraxavovxtg ixiXsvov •d^dTtxttv, 
Tovxovg dungd^avxo fjujdi oifv xrigvxii^ %xi da(paXig that 

90 avtUa&at, Tig ydg i&6Xiiae& xi^gv^ iivai, xi^gvxag dns" 

movfog; *A1X* i3f«% Kegaaowxlvtv &dipai avxovg idei^&ff-' 

fuv. JEl fuv ow xaXtag ^c( Tottfrcx, dolcfTW itfiv * Xva, ig to^ 

vitw iaofiivmv, xal ffvJMntiv IdUjf novr^ar^ tig, xal to igvfjLvi 

13» 



160 SENO^sarros [Bi6, js\ 

S-figi^y, il^a /iij ir&QtSTmr, tlrai tm roiaptm Xgya, axo-~ 
niiu navXaif jtv avtiiv ' ti di /iif, TtQog Jiig, nbig ^ d^noig 
^vaofABP 'i^ttg, notovvjig t^ya maefii, if zoig TtolffUotg 
nwg fta/ovfit&et, i%y aXX^Xovg *mT«*alv»^tv f ■ n6ki4 6$ ft 
^iXla rig ijfia? ScHrai, ijtig av hqa toeavtrfV ivofilav h 
ifiiv f *AyoQocr de jlg S^it ^a^^my, yv nt^li ra fUyunm 
Totavia i^ttfiaQXttPorttg ffairmfitd^a; Ov di d^ nartar 
oiofiB&a Tev|ea^a» inalrov, tig Sp ^ftag roiovrovg Syrag 
inatviatisy ; 'ifnig (iiy yaq old* on noyfiQOvg «V (paiiifity 10 
tlyai tovg ra TOiavta no^ovyxag!* 

*jE* iovtov aviarwfityoi nayng tkeyor, rovg ftiw TOVTUtr 
aQlaytag dovvat dUtiPf tov d« Xomov fiii%iTi i^tflyai ipofuag 
S(fiai- ' iav d(t Ti; tt^»/7* Sysad^ai uiroig inl ^opdrio * tov; 
di aTQutfiyoifg slg dlxag ndrtag xaraaT^tfoti * uvai, di dlxag, l< 
nal ttxi akko ng ijd/xijTO, e^ ov Kv^og ini&etps' dixa- 
0nag da tov; Xo^ayovg inoiriaayxo, llaqaivovyxog di Sbp^ 
o(pwPTog, »al T(uy fidpjBtiv avfifiovXtvoPtny, tdo^ »al xa- 
^^gtu 70 OT^aTcv/io. Kal iyiptio xa&nt^fiog. 



Ktipdkcuov r^\ 

*E!io%t di xal tov; axQaTtiyovg dixriv vnoaxiiy xov na- 90 
^Cili^ilv^oro; X9i^^^^ ^<^^ didopteg, 0iXi^aiog fih w<pX» 
nal lavd-txXijg trjg ipvXaxfjg raip yavXtxmy x^fftdtttp to 
ftiiiofia, ftxoat fivig, JSbfpaiyttog di, en tt^/a>y aifft&eig 
xaTtifiiXii, dixa fipag. Stvoq^vtog di xaTfiyogiiadp nptg, 
ipnaxovjtg naita&ai vn avtov, xal t»; ipQiZovTog ttfP xei- M 
triyoqlay inoiovvro. Kal o Sevoq>wy avaatdg ixiXevufp 
ilntlp 10P Ttgmtop, nqmop XiJ^ayra, nov xat inXriyri, *0 di 
inoxqiptxah * ** "Onov xul t^ ^lyu annXXvfu&a, uml 



Kttp. 1J^] KTPOT ANABA212 151 

Xi^v nUloT'ti ijF." *0 ^* tinBP' '* l4XXa fifiv xai /tifi^vog 
yt ovTog, oXov Xiyttg, ahov di iniXflomoTog, ofpov ds fir^d* 
oaq>Qalvfa&ai naQoyjog, vno di novvtv noXlfav anayo^ivov- 
tar, TtoXefdwv di hnofiimv, cl iv toiovt^ xaiQ^ v^Qt^ov, 
A OfioXoyw xttl Toiv ovmv v/Jfiaxots^og uvai * olg qtaalv vno 
jijg v/igtojg xonov ovx iyylypsa&ai. "Ofittg ds xal Ailof/' 
stptj, " ix xlvog inlrjyrjg, JUoTfQOV ^rovy xl at, xal ins} 
ovx idldi»g, iTtaioy ; aX^ anr^jovv / iXka tkqI Ttaidixar 
fittxofisvog, alXa fit&vwv inaQtayjiaa ;*' *E7kI di rovTOjr 

10 ovdiv Bq>riatv, ini^Qtro avrov, il onXitsvot * Ovx iq>ri * 
TtixXiv, el TztXiiiSoi ' Oudi rovio ctqpi} * ** aXX rifilovov i^Xav- 
voVf taji&flg vno jw avaxi^venv, iXtv&tQog wp, " *£rtav&a 
dri avayiyvmaxH t8 ovtop, xal ilgsjo ' " // av «I 6 ibr 
xifivovxa anaytov ; " Nal fia Jl*,^' Hqpij ' '* aif yuQ iivdy- 

1» xtt^fg ' Ttt di Twv ifjitsp awaxifvcw axevii dUQ^itpagP 
" ^AXi ^ fiiv diagffiiptg" B(prj 6 Sivo<pmv, " Toiavifj xig iyi" 
mo ' Jihdtixa aXXoig ay fir, xal ixiXtvaa n^og ifii ana^ 
yayiiv * xal anoXa/Jtav anavxa awa anidwxa aoi, intl xal 
aif ifiol antdei^ag top apdga. Olov di lo nqay^a iyipixo, 

90 ixovaaxtf^ l<pi} ' " xal yuQ ahov * 

*' *Apfiff xaxBlilnsTo, diet xo guixixi dvpaa&ai noqw- 
a&ai, ■ Kal iya xop flip apdqu xoaoviop iytyvtaaxop, oxt 
tig fifi^p iXfi' ^pdyxaoa di as xovxop dynp, ug firi dnor 
Xoixo * xal yaq, ig iytt oTfiai, noXifiioi rifup i<filnovxoJ*' 

95 Swiqiin xovxo o ap&gvtnog, " Ovxovv" eiqpi} o ZfPoq>wp, 
" intl Ttgovntfuftd of, xaxaXafifitxpm av&ig, ovp xolg onia&o- 
givXaU nqogmp, (So&qop OQVtxoPxa, mg xaxogv^ovxa xop up- 
&guinop ' xal iniQxag infjvovp oe, Jintl di nuQfoxrixoxtar 
ifiwp avrixafiips x6 axiXog o aPi^Q^ avixgayap oi nagopxtg, 

•0 on iji o uprfQ' av d^ tintg' **0n6aa yt fiovXtxai ' ig 
sytayB aixop ovx «!&>.' 'Svxav&a tnaiad at' aXi^^ii Xi^ 
ytig' tdo^ag ydq fiot tidoxi ioixipai, on ^ij." " 1% 
ovp ; " i(pn» '* ^"^y XI ani^ttPtPt intl iyti ooi iTtidt^a 



152 SENOa^JlTfTOS [Bi6. E \ 

uvToy f " Kal /«(f ^fiBig,** ajpiy o SBvoq>^v, '* navref 
ano&avovfit&a' tovtov ovv IVcxa itiyTttg •^fAttg du naxo- 
ffvxd^rivai ; " Tovtov fiiv avix^yov navxeg tug oUyaq nai^ 
OHfv ' SXlovg ds ixilivi Uyuv, dia xl ixaarog inX^yr^. 
*Enil d' oin ivlaxarto, airog tlrytv ' ft 

** *Eyfat 01 avdfffg, ofioXoyw, naiaai drj avdffag noXXovg 
ivtntv ara^tag, vaotg ataitudai, fih iIqxbi di* v/ioig, dp id^st 
jt lovTfuy xal fiaxofiivoiv, oitov dioi' avrol di XmoviBg rag 
rd^igt n(fo f^iovTfg agndSfiv ij&iXov, xal Vftwv nltovtxTUv. 
El ds jovro ntivrtg inoiovfitv, annvxtg av inttXofii&a. lO 
*'Hdri di xal /ialaxiiofifvop riva, xal ovx i&ilovja ivlaxa- 
a&ai, aXXd ngoiffttvov havjov roig noXifiioig, xnl tnaioa, 
xvLi dfitaadfiTjV noQivw&ai. *Ev yag Tq7 ioxvg^ xd/itlivi xal 
ai'jog noTE dvafiivotv riyag avoxtvaiofiivovg, xa&fiofiivog 
avx^'ov XQOvovj xarifia&ov avaarag fioyig, xal t« axiXri fio- ift 
ytg ixiflvag, Ev ifiavi^ ovv ntigav Xa^iuv^ ix toi/tou xal 
aXXov, onoTB tdotfti xa&i^fifvop xal jiXaxivorra, fjXavvoy' 
TO yitg xivtta&ai xal avdgliea&ai naguxB &tgfiaaiay riva 
xal vygoTTija ' to di xa&tja&ai xal riovxlav (X^iv i(agmy 
VTtovgyov op to! tc anoni^yvvG&ai to alfia, xal tw anocnf- 30 
nta&ai tovg imv nodwp daxtvXovg' antg noXXohg xal 
v/iilg late nad'ovxag. "AXXop di /c Vaotg vnoXeinofjitPOP nov 
did ^uanoPTiv, xal xtaXvovta xal vfidg toitg ngoa&er xal 
tifidg tovg oTtia&tv nogevia&ai, enaiaa nv$, onotg firi Xcyxj] 
vno rwp noXefilviv nalono, Kal ydg ovp vvv e^sauv av- ss 
ToTtf aw&iiaiv, tt xi vn* ifiov tna&ov nagd to dixaiov, di^ 
xfjv Xa/istv, Ei di inl tdig noXffiioig iyipovxo, xl fiiya dv 
ovxwg tna&op, oxov dlxtfy dp ij^/ow Xafifidysiv ; ^jinXovg 
lioi,*^ liqpiy, "o Xoyog, jB/oi ydg, ti fiey in* dya&^ ixo^ 
laad xiya, d^ia vnix^^v Slxtiv, oXar xal yoytig vlolg xal di" to 
ddaxaXoi naiaL Kal ydg ol Iot^o^ xifivovoi xal xalcvoiv 
in dya&^, Ei di vflgn voftiisxi fit xavxa ngdxxtip, ip* 
d-vfiij^fixt, oxi vvy iym ^a^(m avr xoTg &$6ig ftaXXop, % 



Kttp.fi'.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 153 

TOW, xa« d-qaavUQog tlfjH vvr, ^ tots, xai otvop nXtiu) nt^ 
Vfo' al£ o^otq oidiva naita' iv evdia yuQ oQfo Vfjiug, 
"Ocitv dt x^tfidiv rjf xal duXttTia fif/dXri i7n<ptqtiTat, ov/ 
OQtxTt, on xa* vtv^axog fiovov tVex« ;f«Af7rextVft fjiev nQb)^ 
« qtvg ToTff iV nqmqa, x^Xinaira di xvjSiQVi^Trjg Toig iv ngv- 
fivrj ; *Jxava yag iv tw toiovtm xal ftixQot aiiaQTr,dIvTa, 
•ndvTa avvBTnTQltpai. "Ort di ^^xttl^ag tnniov avrovg, xai 
Vfittg xttTidixdauTS totb ' tx^VTsg yaq ov y/ifqporj dXH ojrXa 
nagfiOTi^xHTB, xal i^ijv Vfiiv inixovgnv avTotg, il i/Sov- 

10 Xbo&b. [4XXa (jia Jla ovts Tovzoig inixovQiiTi, ovts avv 
Ifxol Tov uTaxTOVVTa inaitTt. Toiyagovv i^valav ^.toiiJ- 
auTS Toig xaxoig avTUtv, v^qi^biv iuvTeg avrovg, Oifiai 
yaq, il -d^iXBis axoniiv, Tovg avTOvg fvgiqafadai. xal tots 
xaxioTOVg, xal vvv v^giaTOTtxTovg, Bdl'axog yoiv 6 TtvxTtjg, 

li o OsTTaXog, tots fiiv diffidxBio, (»? xd^voiv, danida firj </>£- 
gstv ' vvv d , mg iyat axovta, KoTVtogiTuv noXXovg i^dri ano- 
didvxfv, *^JIv ovv acay^ov^Tf, tovtu Tuvanla non^a tTf, ij 
Toig xvvaq noiovai ' T^JVg fiiv ydg xvrag TOvg xf^Xsnovg xdg 
fiBV rifiigag didiaai. Tag di vvxTag d(pidai' tovtov di, ur 

SO afaq>govijts, T^y vvxto fiiv dtioiTB, t^v di ijiiigav a(pi}UcT8, 
*AXXa ydg, " liqpij, ** ^avftdZta, oti, bI ftiv tivi v/jkov dntj- 
X^ofiriv, ^iftvrjO&B, xal ov (jitanaTB ' bI di j^ t} ^ffi/xctfyo 
inBxovgfjoa, rj noXifiiov anr^gv^a, tj ooObvovvti fj dnogovv^ 
It avvBlBTiogiad ii, tovtuv ovdflg fiifivriTai' ovd* ft Ttvot 

S6 xaXmg Ti noiovvTa in/fVBaa, ovd^ st Tiva SvdgtX aya&ov 

ovTU iTifiriaa, wg idwdfiriv, ovdi tovtwv ^ifiv^od-B, 'AXXa 

ftfiv xaXov ye xal dixaiov, xal oaiov xal r^diov, t»v ayadmv 

(idXXov, rl Tbiv xaxav fiBfivjja&ai.^^ 

*Ex TOVTOV (liv dfj dvlaTavTo xal avBfiifiv^axov * ica« xif> 

so giByivBTO, £gTt xaXtog bx^i^' 



SENO^JINTOS 

KTPOT ANABA2EJ12 
BIBAION *£KTON. 



Ke^dXaiov a\ 

*J^ K tovTOV ds iv tj dioTQi^ti oi fiir ino Tijg iyoqaq 
IJ^air, ol di ftal Xrfiiofisvoi ix rrjg Ilafpla/ovlag. ^ExXoi- 
ntvov di xal oi IlatpXayovtg ev fiaXa xovg anoaxidawv^ 
^itovg, xal Trjg vvxjog di roifg ngoam axtivovvrag intiQ^rro 
xaxovgyiiv ' xol noX(fiix(axaia ngog aXXi^Xovg tlxov ix tov- s 
T«}y. *0 ds KoQvXag, og ixvyx«^s foxe IlatcpXotyovlag ag- 
jjfwv, TtifiTiBi nnga xovg ''EXXi^vag ngiaPsig, txovxag XnTiovg 
xal OToXag xaXag, Xiyovxag, on KogvXag ixotfiog sVrj, xotfg 
"ElXfivag fii^xe adixHV, /ii^x* [avjog] adixsla&ai. Oi di 
axgaxtjyol antxglvarxo, on nsgl fih xovxav avv xjj axga- 10 
xia (iovXiViJOivxo, ivil Icr/a di idixovio aizovg * nag%xa- 
Xiaav di xoit xwv aXXtay avdgwv, ovg idoxH dixaioxonov ti- 
vai. Omavxfg di fiovg xuv aixftaXtaxtiv xal aXXa ifgila, 
Bvwxlav fiiv dgxovaav uagiix^v, xaxaxelfitroi di h axipa- 
aiv idilitvovv, xal tnivov \iv\ xegaxhoig noxriQloig, of; M 
ivtivyxavov iv xjj x^Q^* 

*Rntl di ai anovdal xn iysvovxo xal inaimpiaay, aviax^i^ 
aav ngeixo¥ (ih Og^xfg, xal ngog avXoy mgxovrxo aw xoTf 
onXoig, xal rjXXovxo ViprjXa re xal xov(pwg, xal xaXg (la- 
Xalgaig ixgcjvxo ' xiXog di 6 $x€gog x6v iXfgov naUi^ wg 90 



Ke<p. a\] KTPOr ANABASIS. 165 

naat Ifoxtiv ntnlr^yivai. rov avSQa, o d* tneat ifXPixog 
natg. Kal ivixgayov oi naq>Xny6vtg, Ka} o fih axv- 
Xtvaag ta onXa lov ktigov, i^fiu ^dnv tor Siialxav' aiU 
Xoi ds T«r Ggcix^y rov irsgov iUfpfQOV eSj Tt&vtwja' fjp 
* di ovdh ntnov^tag. Mbtci tovto Alvtartg xal "Mayvrjieg 
ariajTiaav, o* tagxovyro tiJv xagttalav xaXovfiivrjv h xoig 
onXoig. 'O db igonog tijg ogxiioto)g r^v ode' 6 fiev naga- 
•d^dfisvog TCI onXa andgu xal (tvpiXarsi, Ttvxva fiSTaargB- 
q>6fisvog, wg (po^ovfisvog ' XpaTTjg ds ngogigxnai ' 6 d*, inn- 

10 day ngotdfiTai, anavra ugnaaag xa onXa, xal jucr/erat ngo 
tov iBvyovg ' xal ovioi ravr inoiow iv (v&fim ngbg tov 
avXov ' xal riXog i J^ariig di^ag rov avdga xal to (evyog 
andysi ' ivioxE di xal 6 ifvyriXaTtig rov Xjiaji^v * clror naga 
jovg fiovg isv^ag, onlaaa no x^^9* dtdtfisvov iXavvBi, 

U Mna JOVTO Mvaog figrjXd^fv, iv kxaiigtjt rfj /€<^i txtav 
niXTTjv * xal jori fiiv ojg dvo avTiTunofiitfwv fiifjiovfisvog 
logxitTO, T0T6 di ng ngog iva ^jif^^TO xoug niXiaig, tots di 
idiveiTO xal iUxv/Hara, ^T'*"' t«? TiiXTag * w^re oipiv [Sfwv] 
xaXrjv g>alvta&at. TsXog di to ITegaixov tagxtlio, xgorav 

« Tag niXrag ' xal caxXa^B, xal i^avioruTO ' xal Tavra navra 

, h ^v&ft^} itgog tov aiXov inoUi, ^Enl di rovrot imovxfg 

ol MavTivBtg, xal aXXoi Tivig twv ^Agxadwv avaaTavxfg, 

iloTiXiadfiBvot mg idvvavro xaXXiara, fjfodv tc iv ^v&fiw, 

ngog rov ivonXtov ^v&fiov aiXo-^fjiBvoi, xal inanovtaav, xal 

M ligxrjaavTo, agneg iv Talg ngog rovg -d-Bovg ngogodoig. 
'OgaivTfg di oi naq>Xay6vBg, dBivd inoiovvTOf ndaag Tag 
ogxfjoBtg iv onXoig Blvai. JSnl Tovra ogwv o Mvaog ix- 
nBnXriyfiivovg avTovg, TtBiaag Tav Agxddcav Tivd, mna fih- 
vov ogxijotglda, figdyBi, axBvdaag wg idvvaro xdXXiata, xal 

M aanida dovg xov<pr}v airfj. *II di dgxiiaaTO Ilv^glxtiv iXa» 
tpgmg. ^Evrav&a xgorog fjv noXvg' xal oi JlatpXayovBg 
rigfaTtav, ti xal yvvaixtg aWBfidxovro avToTg. Oi d iXtyov, 
0T» avrat xal ai rgfipafiBvai shy /iaaiXia ix tov orgaToni" 
dov. T^ flip ovp vvxtI ravnj tovto to tiXog iyivito. 



156 SENO^SINTOS [Bi6. c'. 

7>7 d' vaitqaiff n^ogr^^ov avtoifg ilg to aT^arevfia' xal 
idoU ''oTg argaiKuraiCf fi^TB uSixhp IJa<fXa/6vug, (itlrt 
adtxHUi^ai. Mna tovio o» fth nqiapug^ blxovro' oi 
5 JJXXfjvfg, iTifidti nXdia Ixava idoxn nn^tlvai, avnflavrtg 
BTiXfoy fiffiqav xni n/xra nvfVfiari, xaXot, iv aQiarfQii ixov-^ ft 
Ttg T^r IJn<pXayovlay. Tjj d aXXfj aifixvovvrai tig Sivta- 
nriVt xal luQfiiocnrto fig ^AqfAf\viiv ir^g StVfanrig. SLvmntig 
di oixovai fitv iv jjj JlaifXayoptxjj, MiXtjaimp di anoixoi 
tiafy. OvTot Ic'i'ia ittfi-^ovai tolg "HXXtiatv, aXipUmp (aep 
fiidlfivovg TQigxiXiovgf oVvov 8$ xffftifitn x^^*''* ^^'' Tt^vxa- 10 
xoaia, Kal Xftgluoq^og ivxav&n TfX&B r^ii^^tig ^oiv. Kal 
oi fih OT^ttUbnai TtQogfdoxotv, iiyovia rt aiptatv iqxuv" o 
6$ fjys fitp ovdiv, ijTii/ytXXs 8i, on inaivolfi airovg xal 
^Ava^tfliog o vavaQ/og xal oi aU.oi, xal on vniaxpCio 
*Aya^ifiiog, il ifpixvolvjo l^oi tov tlotrtov, (uaSofpo^v av- if 
ro7g tUKT&ai, 

Kal i> lavxTf t^ ^Agftiivp tfifivav oi OTQarioiTai ^/liffag 
TcVrc. VZff de xijg 'EXXddog iHoxovv iyyhg y'yvta&ai, ijdrf 
fiaXXov 17 nqoa&tv tlg^fi airovg, onoag av xal fxortig rt 
otxade a<pixvoXvTO, ^Uyr^aarto ovv, ei iva iXotrro a^z^vra, » 
fiaXXoP av fj noXva^x^ag ovar/g dvvaad-ai tor ffa XQija&at 
j^ OTQattv/jittTi xal vvxTog xal rjfisQag * xal tV ri dioi Xav- 
-^dvetv, /laXXov av [xnt] xQvnjta&ai* xal tV u av dioi 
q>&dveiv, ijttov av vaxfQiitiv * oi yag av Xoymv 8uv ixQog 
aUrjXovg, aXXa xo do^av t^ ivl ntgalvta&ai av * Toy d» Sft 
tfinQoa&ev xQOvov ix xtjg vixtSarig tngaxxov ndvxa oi ax(fa^ 
jrjyoL ^Jlg ds ravxa diBVoovvTO, ixginovTO . inl tor a(vo^ 
(piana ' xal oi Xoxayoi tXtyov nqogiovxtg aix^t, oxi { axga- 
Tta ovxw yiyvoiaxu ' xal ivvoiav ivdeixvvfifvog txaaxog rig 
tnndfv aixov vnoaxijvat xrjv aqx^iv, *0 5« Zfvoipwv tji 30 
fisv f^ovXfxo ravxa, vofil^ojv xal rt}v rtfif^v fif/^o) ovitig 
havrtii ylyvfo&ai, xal ngog rovg ipiXovg xal ilg rr^v noXiy 
Tovvofia fiuiov a(fiho&at avrov ' rvxov di xal ay^^ov t»- 
vog av aXuog rjj axgaxi^ ytvia&ay. ' 



Key.©'.] KTPOr ANABA2LS. 157 

Tot fih drj TotavTa iv&vfi'^fiaTa infJQev avtov, im^v^ttv 
avioxQuxoi^ ytvia^ai u^/ona. ^Onoxt d' av ir&Vftolio, 
oil adtilov p,ky navrl av&ffwnf^, onti to fiilXov ,l$n, diet 
tovxo de xai xlvdvvog ti'tj xal zriv ngoii^yttafiinjv do^v 

A inofialuv, v^naqkixo. JumoffOVftivia di «vr^ dtax^tai, 
C(5u^8 x^dxtoxoy ilvat, xolg ■d'lolg avaxoiv^aai * xal naQa" 
axfiaafifvog dvo iifftia, i&vrro t^ Ju t^ Baatlti, ogns^ 
aixa fiavxevxog ^v ix JeXifrnv ' xai xo ovaq dij ino xovxov 
xov &eov ivofiiiiv ktoQaxdvaif o ddev, oxs ^0[6xo inl x6 c/vi^- 

10 mifitXiia&fii xr^q axqaxiag xa&ioxaad^ai. Kal oxs i$ 
Eq>iaov di lOQfiaxOf Kvqo^ avaxaO-fioofisveg, aetoy avB- 
mfivi^axsxo kavx^ da^iov ipd^eyy6(iEvoy, xadi^fievov (Air- 
xoi, ovnt^ 6 fidvxig nqonifAnfOV avxov tlfytv, oxi fiiyag 
fiiv oitavog (Vt^ xal ovx idiojxixog, xal ivdol^og, inlnovog 

15 fiivxot ' xal yuQ xa o^via fidltaxa imxl&iad^ai t^ atto) 
xa&fjfifviff ' ov fiivxoi ;|f^)}^aTtaTtx6y uvai xov oliavov ' xov 
yag atxov nfgintxofifrov ^ fjidXlov Xafifidvei^v ra inni^dBia. 
OvTfo di &voftiv{a avx^ diaq)avatg 6 x^bo^ atfftalvsi, fiijxf 
TtQogdtlad-ai tiJ^ "(Uf^ffi f^fiXS, si algolrxo, dnodixfox^ai. 

30 Tovio fisv dii ovx(og iyivexo, 'H di axgaxia avvijX&f, xal 

ndvxtg tXtyov tva aigflaS^ai * xal cml xovxo edo|f , ngos- 

pdlXovxo avxov, 'jCnsidi} di idoxsi dilXov sivai, oxi aigi^~ 

aovxai avxov, tt xig i7inf/fiq>i^oh aviaxtj^ xal bXs^s xdds ' 

** 'j^yto, u> avdgsg, ?fiofjiai (liv vq> Vfioiv xifttaiisvog, bI'ubq 

S5 av&gatnog tlftir, xal X^Qiv f^<»» xal (vxofAUi, dovval fioi 
xovg d'Bovg aXxiov tivog Vfuv ayu&ov yBvia&ai ' xo fiivxoi 
ifti ngoxQid^iivat V(p Vfivtv ag/ovxa, AaxBdaifioviov avdgog 
jxagovxog, ov&^ Vfiiv ovi ifiol doxH avfiq>igov Blvai, dx£ 
tiTtov av did xovxo xvyxdvfiv, iX xi dioio&B, nag aixuv • 

80 ifiol XB av ov ndvv xi vofi'Z^ xovxo aaq)aXig ctrat. Ogu 

ydg, OTi xal tjj naxgldi fiov ov ngoo^Bv inavaavxo noXs^ 

fiovvifg, ngiv inolfiaav ndaav xrfV noXiv oiioXo/bTv, AaxBr' 

daiftovlovg xal avi^v '^yfftovag Bivai, 'HtxbI di xovxo wgio-' 

14 



168 SENO^JINTOS [Bi6. g ' 

Xoy^aar, ti&vg inavaarro noXtfiovvjtg, xal ovxixi niga 
inoXiogjeijaay j^r noXiv. £i ovy, javra oQciv iyti, doxol^ 
^v, onov dwalfifiv, irtotv^ axvgor noitiv ih ixUvtav a^tot' 
ulk, ixuvo ivron, fiii XUxw av xaxv auipgoyta&Hiiv, ^O 
d vfitig iypoiiti, ot» ijTToy or ardaig ttif hog agxoriog, 1} ft 
noXXwy, tv tms, oxi alloy fth ilofisyoi ovx ev^ifaere ifii 
araaiaioyra' yo/ilC^t yoQ, ogiig iy nolifit^ £y ataaidSti 
n(fog a^xorra, joikoy ngog r^y kaviov aotTijQiay araatd- 
(tiy* ay d* ifii Utia^t, ovx ay ^avfidaaifti, it rwa ivgona 
xai v/iiy xal ifiol ax&ofiiyoyj* 10 

jEtm* di rairi tl(y%, nokv fidlXoy i^aviarayiOf Uyovttg, 
mg dioi aitoy a^tiy/ lAyaalag di 6 ^rvfitpdliog tlnsv, 
" oxi ytloToy ittj, Ci outng fxoh «5? ogyiovvxat jiaxtdatfiovioi, 
xal day aMunyot , avytX^ovxtg fiii ulnxidatfioyioy avfinth- 
alagxoy aiffoiyxai ' iml it ovrw yt xovx Cf«t," eiqpi?, " ovdk i» 
loxaytiy ^fuy t^ioxiy, wg toixty, oxi ^Agxddeg iofiiy" ^Ry- 
X9tv&a di^, ig'it flnoyxog xov *Ayaolov, aytdoQvPr^aay. 

Kal 6 Siyo<f>tay, inudri kaQa- nltlovog ivdioy, nagsl&w 
einty '^ AH, a ayo^tg, Bfpij, tag nayv HOtjxe, ofivvai 
viiiy &Bovg ndvtag xal naaag, ij ftr^y (yd, insl xr^y Vfiixiqay 90 
yyfofjiriy ^a&ayo/iiiy, 4&v6fiT]v, ei ^ilxioy efij vfiiy xi, ifiol 
inix((i\pai xavxtiy xi^v agx^^f ^oil* ifiol, vnoaxriyat ' xal fioi 
oi ^eol ovxfag iy xolg UqoXg iui^fiipfay, ^g xs xal Iduatfiy ay 
yvo}vai, on [rauTij?] xtfg fioyagx^"? uTtixsa&al fit du." 
Ovibi dri XsiQlao(f>ov aiQovvxai. Xtiqiuofpog d ' infl ^gi^i], 39 
7Tn(if).doiy tlnfv^ " 'Alia,*' s(fT], " m avdgfg, xovto fiiv laxs, 
0x1 ovd' ay fyoiyt iaxaala^ov, ti alloy tilia&t, Sfyoq>wvxa 
Hiyxoi," kqtri, '* ivi^aaxs, oixl ilofifyoi ' wg xal yw Ailm-^ 
nog rfiri dii^ixliv avroy ngog Ara^tflioy, o xt idvyaxo, xal 
udla ifiov avxoy aiydiovxog" *0 de 6<pfi yofiKtiy, avxov »0 
Tifiaaltuyi fjialloy awdfix^iy i^tlrjaai, AaQdayil orti, xov 
KUdqxov ax^axivitaxog, ij knvx^), Aaxiavt ovxu " *£7itl fiiv^ 
tot ifik silia&s," B<pfj, " xal iyot nsigdaofiai, o t* ay dwn^ 



Kt<p. /J'.] KTPOr ANABASLS. 159 

fAat, vfiag aya&ov noiiiv. Kal v/jiug oviw naqaaxtvoiea&s, 
wg avQiov, iav nXovg i}, ivalofiivoi ' 6 di nXovg lotai €lg 
UqaxXuav ' anavrag ovv del ixitas ntigaa&at xaraax^ ' 
TO di aXXa, insidav ixitas tX^a/ASV, povUvoofiB&a" 



KsfpaXaiov j3'. 

» 'Evtbv&sv tfj vaxtqala avayofitvoi Tivsvfiau xaX^ inXior 
^fii(ittg dvo naqa iriv yijv. Kal naganXiorttg i&mgovr 
TY}V t ^laaovlav axTi^v, tv^a { *Agydt Xiytrai, OQfilaaadah 
xal Tuv notafAWV xa OTOfiara ' nQajov fiiv tov OiQfitodov- 
tog, tTieira di tov *'fQtog, tneira di tov "AXvog, fitxa di xov- 

10 Toy TO 5 IlaQdBvloV TOVTOV di naganXivoavrtg, atplxovjo 
sig 'l/gaxXftav, noXiv ^ElXtivida, Meyagiiav anoixov, ovaav 
d iv rjj MvqiavdvvoiV X^Q*f' ^"^ fuqfilauyto nagcc rjj 
AxfQovaiddi, Xigfotn^ao) ' evd^a Xiyfxat ''iJgaxXfjg inl xov 
KigStqov xwa xaxajStivai, ov vvv xa arifuia dfixvvovai 

16 T^^ xaxapdaftog, x6 pd&og TtXiov rj inl dvo arddia. !lV- 
rav&a xolg "EXXtiair of ^IJgaxXeaxai $ivia nifinovaiv, aX(pl- 
Tfuy fitdifivovg xgicxiXiovg, xal oivov xfQttftia digxlXia, xal 
fiovg ttxoai, xal oig kxaxov. *Evxavd-a dia xov nidiov gel 
noxafiogt Avxog ovofia, ivgog mg dvo TtXi&gbtv. 

90 Oi di axgaximai, avXXtydvxtg i^ovXtvorro, x^p XoiTf^v 
Ttogilav noxtgov xaxa ytjv fj xaxa &dXaxxav xgv ^togsvta&ai 
ix xov novxov. 'Avaaxdg di Avxtav *A/ai6g stTtt * " 0av- 
fid^o) fiiv, 01 avdgtg, xwv axgaxriymv, oxi ov nstgoUvxat ^/up 
ixnogi^Hv aixrigiaiov ' xa fiiv yag leVia ov ftti yivrixat xfj 

219 axgaxi^ xgiav rjfiiguy alxa * ono&BV d iniaixiadfitvoi no^ 
gfvaofis&a, oix taxir" etprj. " ^£fiol ow doxel, alxnv 
xovg *HgaxX((6xttg ftrj tXaxxov ij xgtcxiXlovg JCvZixtjvovg.*^ 
"jXXog di flm, " [Mrivog fiiad^or,] /i^ IXaTToy ^ fivglovg ' xal 
kXo/iirovg ngiajJeig aixlxa fidXa, r^fA^v xa&tjgjiivap, niiinBtk 



160 SENO0ni>rrO2 [Bi6. g\ 

TtQog TiyV Ttoliy, xal tldirait o ti ay anayyiXkwih xa» JtQog 
Tuvra jiovXiv to it ai." ^£vTtv&£v n^ov^alovxo nqia^Hq, ngm- 
Toy fi$p Xfiglao<f>ov, on aqx^v fiQ^'o ' tlal d* oV xal Sfvfh- 
iprn'ta' old iaxvg^g unf/Atix^vto' aftq>o7v yaq xuvia ido- 
x(t, (ATI ava/xaZuv noXiv '£lXXrjvlda xal q>iXlav o t* firi av- 6 
TOi i&iXovTig didoXfv. ^Jinil <J* ovv ovioi idoxow ango- 
'&Vfioi Hvai, nifinovat Avxiava 'j^^tov, xal KaXXlfiaxov 
Ilaggnaiov, xal ^Ayaaiav 2xv(i<pdXiov, Ovtol iX&ovjfg 
tXhyov TO, dfdoyfiiva' tov ds Avxtava tipaaav xal iita- 
nuXuVf fl firj noii^anuv ravia [ndvTa], Idxovaavrfg 10 
6' 01 'flgaxXtanatt povXivatad-ai tq>aaav ' xal BV&vg id rs 
Xgr^nara ex imv aygdiv avvrjyoVf xal T^y ayogav d'aio avs- 
axtvaaav, xal ai nvXui ixexXsivio, xal inl rmv thx^v onXa 
i(falviTO, 

'Ex Toviov ol Tagd^avjtg Tavrn, roifg aiQaxriyovg jjjbwvro i* 
dia(fOfigfiv rr^y ngd^iv' xal avvlatavro ol Agxadsg xal ol 
^Axoiiol* nqoHarrixH di fidXiaza avxaJy KaXXlfiaxog ts 6 
Jlaggdaiog xal Avxfav 6 ^Axotioc. Ol ds Xoyoi r^aav av~ 
rdlgt a)g aiaxQOV fVti a^/fty i'va A&rivaiov lUXonowriaifav 
xal AaxfdaifiovlQiVt fitidf^tlav dvvafdiv TtaQfxofiivov tig jt^v 90 
OTQaxidv ' xal Tovg fih novovg a<fdg I'xfiVf ta ds xigdrj aX- 
Xovgt xal Tavta x^y ataxriglav atp^v xaTHgyaafiivutv ' ilvai 
yag Tovg xaTfigyaafiivovg Agxddag xal Axaiovg ' to d aXXo 
argdievfia ovdiv ilvai ' (xal rjv ds TJj dXtj&doc vnsg r^fiiav 
lov oiov Gjgaxtviiaxog *Agxd5fg xal *Ax»tol ') ti ovy am- 5» 
q)govo'isv ovxoi, avaxdvxsg, xal axgaxrjyovg IXo^ifvoi havxav, 
xa&^ Ittvxovg [re] av xr^v nogdav noLolivxo, xal ntigwvxo 
dya&ov xt XafA^dvfiv. Tavxa edo^s' xal dnoXntovxig 
Xngiao(pov, si xiveg i}aav nag avr^ Agxddsg rj Axaiol, xal 
Ssvoq)m'xa, avviaxriaa'y ' xal axgaxtjyovg aigovrxai kavxav 30 
dsxa • xovTovg ds iiffvjtplaavxo ix x^g vixtoatjg, o rt doxoltj 
xovxo Ttoulv. *H fisv ovv TOV navTog dgxh XsLgiaocp^ 
ivxav&a xaxsXv&rj, rnjiigct ixxij rj k^dofirj, d<p tjg figs&ij. 



Ksq>. p\] KTPOT JNABAZl^. 161 

Sivoipw fiirroi iflovXtTo xoivjj juer' avmv riir noQtlop 
nouia&at, vofilimv, ovjtog aatpaXiartgov tlvah ti iditf Ixoh 
OTOV axilUa^ai ' aXXa Niiov tnu&iv avjov xad-' kavxov nth- 
^svia&at, axovitaq xov Xttgiaoipov, on KXiavdqog 6 iv Bu- 

5 iaytiw aQfiOOTTig (paltff rgii^QBig i/wy riUty «tff KaXnriq A*- 
fUva' oniag ow fnidtig (jLBjdoxot, aU.^ avjol xal oi avrmr 
axQunwiai i»nX$vatiay inl Toiv jQii^Qtay, dia Tuvra awB- 
fiovXtvs, Kal XH(flao<pog, Sfia fih a^v/iay joig yf/ivti- 
fiivoig, Sifia di gjiiaaiv in Tovtov to aiQartVfia, inirginu 

10 airr^ itouTv, o ti /iovXsTau Stvotpmv de bti fth intXBlqria&f 
anaXXayilg t^g axQiXTtag ixnXtvaai ' S-vofiivia di avx^) t^ 
*IJyffi6vi ^HqaxXiit xal xotvovfiiv<^, noxBqa X^ov xal afiBivoy 
(Vij aTQOTivsa&ai, txovji tovg naqafjLBlvavxag rmv OTQaTiw- 
loiv, fj anaXXdiTtax^ai, iaiifirivtv 6 ^iog lotg Ugoig, <nf- 

15 arQauvea&ai. Ovtto yiyvtiai to aiQciuv/ia JQixd * ji^ 
xddtg fih xal Axaiol nXtiovg iq utQaxtgxlXioi xal ntvxa- 
xoaiot, oTtXlxai ndvrfg * XsiQiaoqxii ds onXlxai /liv tig xe- 
xgaxoaiovg xal /iZ/ov^, ntXtaaxal ds tig kirraxoaiovg, oi 
KXsuQXOv Oqaxtg' ^ivoqmvxi, di onUxai fiiv tig hnxaxo- 

30 aiovg xal xdlovg^ TtsXraQral di tig xqiaxoalovg ' Inmxov di 
(iovog ovxog ttxty, afupl xovg xsxxaQaxovxa ijtniag, 

Kal oi fiiv Aqxddtg, dianga^dfiiyoi nXola naga ruv 
'jlgaxXtfaxav, ngaxoi nXiovaiv, oniog i$alq>vrig intn^aovxtg 
xotg Bi&wolg, Xdpoitv oxi TtXtloxa * xal anofialvovaiv tig 

95 KdXnrig Xifiiva, xaxd fiiaov notg xijg Og^xrig. Xtiqlaoqtog 
d BV&vg ano tr^g noknug x&v 'HgaxXtfuxuv aQ^dfASvog, nt^jj 
inogivtxo dia x^g X^Q^i ' ^^^l di tig x^v Oq^xipf iyi/SaXXi, 
naqa T^y &dXaxxav inoqtvixo' xal ydq tjdti '^a&iPBi* 
Stvofj^v di, nXoXa Xafliov, ino^alvti. inl xa ogia xijg Og^^ 

80 xTjg xal xtig 'jIgaxXtwxtdog, xal dia fiBaoytdag inogtvtxo* 

14» 



l« SETfO^IlNTOZ [Bi6, g'. 

KstpdJiaiay y'. 

]^Or fih ovp tffonov Jj Tt X9t^ia6g>ov a^xi tov narrog 
nattlv&ti, uai rwr *£UifM0y to aiffntrviia iaxlo&ti, dr rolg 
inmm tXfffixa^,'\ "jinifahtr d' avtmv ixaaroi tads' Oi 
tUv *A^jcad$g, t:g anifiriaav rvutog tig Kalntig lifsivety no- 
^tvovrai iig tag Jtffwtag xnfiag, atadia ano ^alattijg t^ ft 
tftoMonrta, Entl di <pag i/iwtto, Tf/ip ^ttaatog at^ani/6g 
to lavtov Xaxog inl MWfAfiP ' onota di fkiiimv [xwfii;] 466- 
Kti Hrai, avrdvo Xoxovg 17/or ol atqannyoL 2vrBfiaAorro 
di ^al X6<pop, tig op dioi nmnag iXlita&ai * xal, are 
ilaUppftg inimaorttg, wdgdnodd t« noXXa tkafior, xat nffo- 10 
fiaia noXXa ntQifjidlovtor, 

Oi Hb OffaKtg ^^^o^oiro ol diaqtv/orttg ' noXXol ds dti- 
ipvyop, niXtaatttl oneg, onXlwxg, i$ aitav tw x^*9^^- 
Enil di avpfXi/fiaav, n(^xov fiiv rot ^fiixgtjtog X6x(a, erog 
tmp *AifXttdup atqaxriyoiv, amopti ^dtj tig to avyxtlfttpop^ U 
xal noXXa /(fi^fiata dyopti, dmti&tptai, Kat ttwg fiir 
ifidxoPto Sfia no^tvofitpoi Oi "EXXfiPtg' inl di diafldati 
XaQadgag t^inoptai avrovg' xal uvtop fiip top 2iilxqrita 
anoxtivpvaai, xal tovg aXXovg ndvtag ' aXXov di Xo^ov imp 
dixa otQatfiywp, toV *Hyria(ivd^v, oxtdt fiopovg xariXinop, 30 
xal avtog HyraapdQog iaw&ri. Kal oi aXXoi flip Xoxayol 
ovp^X&OP, oi fiip OVP ngdyfiaaiP, oi d uptv Tt^ayfidrwp * oi 
di Off^xig, intl tmvx^ottv xoxno to tvxvxrifia, avpffiomv ts 
aXXi^Xovgt xal avptXiyoPXO iQ^wfttPtig tiig yt/xTj?. Kal 
o^a 11/ ^fiSQa xvxXi^ ntgl top X6q>op, tp&a oi "EXXriPtg iatQa- 36 
tontdfvopxo, ixttxxopxo xal iTxnug noXXol xal ntXtaaxai, 
xal atl nXtloptg avviqitov' xal ngogifiaXXop nqog xovg 
onXlxng aaq}nXoig' oi fiip yng "EXXrjPtg ovxe to^ttjP tlxop 
ovts axorxiat^p ovtt inTtia * ol di, nqog&iopxtg xal ngogt- 
Xavpopxtg ^xopxi^op' onoxt d' aixolg inloitp, (tfdimg ani^ 90 



Kt(f>. y'."] ktpot anabasis, 163 

q>tvyov ' aXXoi dk aHij eTtni&svio. Kal tcuv fiiv noXXol 
itnfjwaxovTo, xav di ovdtlg' mgrs xivrjS^ijvai oix idvvavxo 
ix Tou x^giov, aXla TtXivr^vxtg xal ano tov vdaTog el^ 
yov aifiovg oi Oqaxtq, 'Eirtl d' anoxia itolXfi rjv, disXs^ 
6 yovTo ntgl aitovduv ' xai t« fiiv aXXtt tufioXoyrjio avioig, 
ofii^QOvg d* oix idldoaay oi Ogaxsg, alrovvmov rmv 'El- 
Xi^vuv' aXX' iv jovxt^ Vax^xo. Ta ftir drj imp ^A'Qxadwv ov^ 
Tiag H^s, 

Xeigiaoq>og di, aaq>aXiig nogevofiBvog naga &aXaTzav, 

10 aipixvurai tig KuXmig Xifiiva. Stvoqmvti di, dia tfjg /te- 
aoyalag noqivofiiyoft ol Innng TtQOxcna&dontg irtvyyavovat 
TtQsaftvraig noQiVOfiivoig noi, Kal intid/j ^dijaav nqog 
Zevoq>bivTaf iQ<aTa avtovg, eV nov ^a&rivtm, aXXov atQaxtv^ 
fiarog orrog ^'j^XXijnxov. Oi d-* iXsyov narta ra yBysvrj/iipa, 

15 xal vvv on noXiOQxovviai inl Xoipov, oi di Og^xsg ndvrtg 
ntQixtxvxXmfiivoi, iitv avtovg. ^Evtav&a tovg fiiv wyd^qm'- 
novg xoviovg iq>vXajiev iax^'Q^g, ontog ^^yefjiovsg thv, onri 
dioi * axonohg ds xaTaaxi^aag [dixa^, avviXe^s rovg atga- 
tuatag, xal eXiU^' 

20 " *!AydQeg axqaxttajai, xmv [dgxadwv oi fih jt&vwfip, oi 
di Xomol inl X6(pov rvvog noXiogKovmat, Nofili(a d' Bymys, 
ti xal ixhivoi anoXovvtai, ovd* rjfiiv slvai ovdsfjUav atoriiglav, 
OVTG) fiiv TtoXXwv ovtatv jtoXefiUav, ovrm di rs&aQ gtjxox fOK 
KgduaTOV ovv '^fuv, tag tdx^aia por^&uv roig avdqdmv, 

25 ontag, il In ilal awot, ovv ixthoig fiaxfofie&a, xal fiij fio- 
voi Xufpd-ivxtg fiovoi xal xtvdwBvaatfi^. Nvy fiiv ovv 
axQaTOTttdtvoH^sd'af TxgotX&ovxsg, oaov av doxjj xatgog slvai 
tig to dsnxvo7xoiBta&ai>' i(ag d' av nogfvtafjie&a, Ttfiaaitav, 
i^MV Tovg ijxTxiag, 7xgofXavvix<o, iq)ogwv ^^dg, xal axonelioi 

to id ifjLTxgoad-fv, wg fitjdiv rifidg Xdd^tj,** JlagintfjiiffS di xal 
Ttav yvfivi^xwv avSgtaJxovg Bv^tavovg eig xd nXdyia xal eig 
td Mx^«, onwg, si itov xi nodiv xa&ogtaev, arffjialvoitr ' ixi» 
Uvz di xaleiv Snavxa, ox^ irtvyxivoiiv xavolfup. ***HfsiSts 



164 SENOOStarroz [JSitf. 5". 

Iih yiq inodqabiuw av oidafiov ir^Ms * noXl^ fih yo^»** 
19)17, *' tig 'a^axXsiop ncikir iniivat, noXX^ di tig X^vuonoliy 
ditk&Biy ' oi di nolifiioi nX^olop ' tig KaXnfjg di Xifiirtx, 
6V&a Xtiffiaoipov iixd^ofjup tlvuh ^l aiowncu, iXaxUnti odog* 
*MXa dri 4x§i fiiv oSte nXoid iaxiv, o\g anonXsvaov/ui^a ' 5 
(Abpovai di ovTOV ovdi fiidg ^fid^ag iarl ra imti^dBiti, Tup 
di noXio^MovfUPttP inoXofurmp, aifp rolg Xti^ia6<pov fi6- 
poig xdxiop iaxi dtaxipdvptvtip, ^ tup^b an&sptwp nopiag 
tig ravtop H&dPTag xoipp t{; amti^lag ix^&ai, *JlXa 
3lQri nttQaaxtvaaafUpovf Tijy yp^ifiijp noffsv$a&at, ag pvp ^ lo 
tvxXiug xeXtvtfiaai iotip, tj xdXXiaiop tgyop igydaaa&ai, 
HXXfiPog ToaovTOvg ataaupxag, Kai o -^kog Xoutg ayn ov- 
wg, 6g roifg fityaXfiyo^rjactPtag, tog nXfOP (pQOPovptag, ra- 
jtHPwoM fioiXBjai ' ^fiog Si, rovg ano wp xf^tdtp i^x^fii- 
povg, ipiiftoxiqovg ixUpwp xaTaatijaai, 'MX* e7ua&ai XQ^ '^ 
xal n^ixtiP top povp, wg &p to na^ayyiXXofiepop dvptiads 
nouiv, 

T\xvT* ilnap ^yitro. Oi d* innilg, diaantiQOfitvoi i<p* 
oaop xaXug elx^P, txaiop, fi ifiddiiop. Kal ol niXTaarai 
iniTta^topjig xata ta ax^a, txaiop nnpjat oaa xavaifxa so 
ktju(^p' xal ^ atgaua di, tt upi.TtagaXtmofiipt^ ipivyxd- 
voitp ' ^gjB nana ^ /a)^a at&ta&ai idoxti, xal to (FTparcv- 
^la noXv tipai,, *Ensl d* wga tiP, xareaTQaTOTtfdfvaapro iitl 
X6(pop ixpdvitg, xal td rs tup noXfiiUap nvgd ioSgoup, anu- 
XOP ydq ig rtTta^xovra arddia, xal avrol ag idvpapjo 3ft 
nXtlaia nvqd txaiop. *£nfl d' iddnvriaav Ta/iora, naf^y^ 
yiX&ri xa nvgd xaxaa/iippvpai ndpxa. Kal xfjp flip pvxxa 
q>vXaxdg noitiodufpoi, ixd&evdop ' a/ia Si xjj ^/uf'^a ngogtv- 
id/iipoi xoig &B6tg, xal avpxa^fupot wg tig ndx^P, inoQith- 
opxo rj idvpapxo xd/iara, TifiaaUnp di xal oi inntig, f/orxig 90 
xovg ^ytfiopag xal ngotXavpopxig, tXa&op avrovg inl tcJ X6q>^ 
ytvofupot, tp&a inoXiogxovpxo oi "jilXtjPtg. Kal oij^ og^ 
Qw ovxt TO ipUdOP axgdxtvfut, ovxt to noXifuop * (xal TatM 



K9<p, d\] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 165 

Ta TiuQciyyiXXovai ngog top ASvo(pfovTa x«t to aTQUTSV/jia ') 
ygixidux di xal /bqovtiu xai Jigo^diia oXlya xai (iovg xa- 
jaleXeifJiiivovg, Kai to piv 7i(toJTOv ^av^a ^y, tL ei'rj to 
ysyspfjfiivov * ensiTa 8i xcil twv xaTuXeXstfifjiivoiv invv&d^ 
6 vovxo, oTi oi fih Ofjaxfg sv&vg a<p kisnequg w^ovto vnnov- 
Tig ' hud^tv di xal xuvg "JikXrivag tipaaav ol/€0^at * otiov 
dd, oix elddvai, 

TiKVia axovaavreg oi afiq)l Sevo<f>ojVTa, inel rfglairjaav, 
avoxtvaodfisvoi inoqfvovto, (iovXofiivoi (ug Taxiota ovfifii- 

10 |«i Toig aXXoig fig KaXntig Xifiiva, Kal noQevopsvoi iocfiiop 
Tov arlfiov twv Agxddwv xal Axaioiv xatd t^v tnl KaXnfjg 
odov, JiTisi d aiflxotTO lig to ai^io, uis^ivoi is tldov uX- 
Xi^Xovg, xal i^uTtd^ovjo wgntg adsXipovg. Kal invv&dvovxo 
oi Agxddfg raiv tveqI Sivoq)6ivTa, ti id nvgd xaTaa/Siosiav * 

16 " ^/ue/ff fifv yd^y"* i'<paaav, ** (oofif&a, vpdg to fiiv hqwtov, 
ineidrj jd nvgd ovx kojgoifisVf rrjg vvxiog ij^siv int tovg ttO" 
Xffiiuvg* xal oi noXiniOi di, mg /' '^fup idoxovv, toi/to dil^ 
aavTsg anijX&ov ' axi86% ydq afiqtl xovtov tov xQOvov dntj^ 
eaav. 'End d* ovx tt(pixsa&£, 6 8k XQOvog i^TfXtv, wofisd^, 

90 Vfjidg, Ttv&ofiivovg tw nag yfiiVy cpo^ri&ivxag oixoj&a^ 
anodgdrTag sitl S-dXaiTav* xal idoxst, tifilv, fiff anoXi" 
nia&at v/iwv, Ovifitg ovv xal rifAug divgo inogsv&ii^ 



fiev. 



KstpdXaiov 8\ 



TavTtiv fiiv ovv Ttjv rifiigav aVTov rjvXiiovio inl tov 
39 aiyiaXov ngog ita Xifiivu To 8s ;(f<u^/oy tovio, o xaXsiTai 
KaXnrig Xifjrjv, Ioti fiiv iv TJj O^Qaxr^ Ttj iv Trj Aaia ' aQ^a- 
fiivri 8s ^ Ogr^f] avxt} ioTiv dno tov atofiutog tov liortf^v 
\Uxgi^ 'UgaxXsiag, inl 8e^id slg tov JIovtov ugnXiovTi. Kal 
tgiT^gei fiiv ioTiv slg 'llgdxXnap ix Bv^avtiov x(anatg nt^igag 
W iLuka fiaxgag nXovg ' iv 8s t^ fiioij^ aXXti fiiv noXig ovSsfdot, 



166 SEyO0JlNTO2' [B$6.r'. 

ovTt <pikla, ovi%' EXkfivlg, aJUcic Offiixtg Bi&vvol' xalovg av 
Xalftoai Twy 'jiXXiivoiP [ij] i'^JtinTovrag ty akXatg nfog, Seira v/i^l^ 
fctr Xiyovxat tovg^'Ellrivag. *0 di Kulnrfg Xiftiiv iv /iiom fth 
Kiiiai kxattgwdty nXsovxtav ii *iI^axXtiag xal Bvl^aitlov* 
tax I y iv TJj ^aXdttfi nf^itxiifiivov /oa^/or, to /iix tig tr^v 5 
^ttXaiTVLv xa&rjxov avtov, nij^a ano^i^w^, v*pogt onri ciUe- 
ZiOTov, ov fitiov fVxoaiv o^yviup' 6 ds av/rfP, o tig r^r 
yijv ay^xmr rov x^^iov, fnHXiara xtxxuQtav nXid^^v to tu^ 
gog' TO d' ivTog rov avxtvog x^f^^^^t ixavov fivgloig av- 
&^wnotg oixfjaai, udtfiriy di* in avin rfj nhga, to nqog 10 
konigav alyiaXor ^cuy. Kguvi} di ifdiog vdaxog xal a- 
fp&ovog ^iovaa in aixfj r^ ^^aXdrtrj, vno iff irnxqaidtf xov 
Xfoglov. SvXa de noXXa fiiv xai aXXa, ndw di noXXvt xal 
xttXd vavnriyr^mfitt in aiftfj xjj ^aXaxxu* 7Id di ogog to iv 
Tc^ Xtfiivt iig fjitaoyaiav fiiv avi^xsi, oaov inl iVxoui axadir- U 
ovg. xal xovxo ymdig xal dXt&ov' x6 di na(fd SdXaxxav, 
nXiov ^ inl ttxoai axadlovg, daifv noXXoig xal navxodanolg 
xal ^fydXoig ^vXoig. ^11 d' aXXrj ^o/^n xaXrj xal noXXij * 
xal xwfiai iv avxfj tiat noXXal xal tv oixovfiBvm * tpigsi 
yrxQ ^ yrj xal x(ft&dg xal nvgovg xal oangia ndvxa xal /u€- 90 
Xlvag xal ai^aafjiov xal avxa agxovvxa xal ifiniXovg noXXdg 
xal rfdvolfovg, xal xalXa narm, nXi^v iXaimv, 'H fih 'X^qa 
r^v xoiavxri, 

'Eoxi^vovv di iv tw aiyiaXa nqog tjJ d-aXaxxtj ' eig di to 
noXiafia Sv ytvo/jisvov ovx i/iovXovxo axQaxomdtvea&ai' » 
aXXd fdoKU xal x6 iX&elv ivxav$-a e| ini^ovXr^g tJvatf jiov-- 
Xofiivfov Tivtw xaxotxlaai noXiv, T^v yag axQaxiwr^v oi 
nXiiaxoi tjoav ov andvti fiiov ixnsnXsvxoxtg inl xavxiiv j^p 
(iia^ofpoqdv, aXXd xtiv Kvgov d^fxriv dxovovxeg, oi (uv xal 
a^'dqag ayovxtg, ol di xal ngogavtiXoixoxtg XQVf'^'^^f xal 90 
Tovxtav tx(Q0i> anodtdgaxoxtg naxigag xal fAtixigug, oi di 
xal xixva xaxaXinovxfg, mg /^ij/uAtTa avxoig xxtioafiivok 
ffiorxig ndXiv^ axovovxig xal tovg dXXovg tovg naqa Kvqi^ 



Xi(p.d\] KTPOT ANABASIS. . 167 

noXka xofi aya&a ngatuiv. Toiovioi, ovv orttg, ino^ovp 

Ensidrj di vaTtQoia fifiBQOi iyiviro jrjg tig ravio avvo^ 
dov, ill i^odu id-vrto Sivoipwv ' iva/xti yaq v^v, inl la 
6 iniT'ifiua ildyuv' inivosi, dt xal jovg vtxgovg ^diffm. 
*Enil di ra Uqu fyivtto, tXnovro xal oi^AgxaSsg, xeel Tovg 
rexQOvg, rovg ftiv nXdaxovg si^&antQ tnsaov, ixdatovg B&a- 
tpav ' {ridij yuQ rjoav mfiTnaloit xal ovx olov re crroci^ny 
m r^v ') ivlovg da Tovg ix xaiv odatv avvsvfyxoi^Tfg, t&utpav 

10 ix Tur vnaQZovtatv ag ibvvavxo xdlXtara ' ovg di firi tviftr- 
axov, xBvoxdfpior avxoi^ inoirjaav fiiya, [xal nvqav firyd- 
Xfiv,^ xal ar%(pdvovg ini&iuav, Tavia di Tioiiioavjtg ays- 
Xto(friaav inl to OTQvtJonfdov. Kal tots fih duTtv/tOavrtg 
ixoi/irjd^fiaav ' TJj S voTiQala avrijX&ov oi aiQajibnai ndv- 

U ug' avvriyov ds avToifg fidktoTa ^Ayaalag SiVfi(pdXiogt 6 Xo- 
Xf*yogf xal ^ItQfavvfiog UXiXog, Xoxnyog, xal uXXoi oi ngt- 
a/3vtajot tciv Aqxddtav ' xal doyfia inoir^oavto, idv tig tov 
XoiTiov fiVTjad-fj dlxa to aTgditVfia noiiiv, d^avdxm aixov 
^rifiiovadai' xal xaxd jifoi^or umivat, jjneQ nqoa&tv flxa xo 

30 aiqdxtvfia, xal agx^^^ ''Ovg ngoa&sv axqatriyovg, Kal 
XstQluoq>og fiiy r^dri xtxfXsvxiixti, q>dgfiaxoy niav, nvgix- 
Ttiv' xd d ixilvov Nifav 6 Aaivalog nagiXajSe, 

Mnd ds xavxa i^avaaxdg sins Ssvotpbiv * ** SI ardgsg 
agaxi^xai, xfiv fisv noQsiav, dig toixs, dr^Xov on nt^ri noitj^ 

9ixsoy' oi ydg saxi TxXola' avdyxri di noQiviaS-ai ffiri' oi 
ydg taxi fiivovai xd iniT^dda. 'jfyflg fiiv ow" t(pT},. 
*' ^vaofit&a ' Vfidg di dsi nagaaxsvdZtadai wg finxovfii- 
vovg, st noxs xal dXXoxs' ol ydg noXiftioi nraxs&aqqifxa^ 
otv," Ex xovxuv i&vovTo oi axgaxfiyoi, fidvrtg di Txagrjp 

•0 A(ff)$l(ov ^Agxdg ' 6 di StXavog 6 \4 fiPqaxitix f^g ijdrj dnods- 
dQaxdt nXotov fiia&otadfisvog, i$ 'l/QaxXiiag, Ovofiivotg 
di inl x^ a<p6d<f oix iylyvixo xd Isgd* Tavxfjv fiiv ovp 
tjiv fifUgav inavaavxo. Kal xivtg ixoXfitav Xsytiv, mg o 



168 SENO€^IlNTOS [Biff. 5* . 

SofOfipwv, fiovlofiirog TO j|fi»^/ov oinlaait nintixs ror fuivztr 
Xiynv, ug la Uqu ov ylyvnai inl a^podto, Emvd^fv x^^v- 
Coc StPOfpmr, jfj av^iop' na^iivai inl xtjiv &vaia¥ xhv fiov- 
Xofitvor, xal fiarrig ef tig Btfi, naffay/tiXag nagttvai, wg 
aw&iaaofuror ra Uqu, sd^vt ' xul ivxav&a naf^^aav noX- 6 
XoL Ovofuvtaip di naUv tig iffig inl tj etf^cda, ovx iyl^ 
yvno TOx M^a. *Ex jovtov ;|failnriii$ Uxov oi m^attweu * 
xal yctff Ttt iTntijdBta inihntv, a txorteg ijX&or, xml ayo^ 
ovdtfila na(f^v. 

]Eu tovtov avy$X&69fT9ir, Urn naXiv Z^vofprnv * " i2 lo 
Svdqtg, inl flip t^ nogtlif, mg o^etre, ta if^a ovnn yiyvB- 
rat' rmr d^ initfidtimv bqto vfiag dtoftivovg' irayxfj ovp 
fiot doxu sipat, ^vta&ai nfgl avrov tovtov.*' l^ctarag di 
Tig tint' ** Kat Bixotrng oga r^fiiv ov yiyvtTai la U(fd* 
tag yaq iyw, ino tov avxofiaxov x^ig rixovxog nXoiov, ^xov- M 
ad xivogj oxi KXiardgog [o] ex BvZavxiov tt^noaxvjg ftHXs^ 
fj^HV, nXoia txttv xal XQii^QBigy ^Ex xovxov di arafiivHv 
flip ndaip idoxei' inl di xd inixi^dHa dpayxtuop r^v ilii- 
pat * xal inl TOvr<^ ndXiP i&VBXO tig xglg, nal ovx iyiyvtxo 
xd isgd ' xal fjdtj xal inl axrivr^p l6fPT$g xi^p Ztvoq)WPiog, 20 
iXfyop, oxi ovx txoiep xd inixi^dtia, 'Od* ovx Sp Bqyti i^- 
y ay tip, firi yiypofiipiop xap itQuap. 

Kal ndXiP xtj vaxtqala i&vtxo, xal axtdop xi ndaa { 
axgaxid, did x6 fiiXtiP ndutp, ixvxXovxo nigl xd Ugd' xd 
de -d-Vfiaxa intXtXointi. Oi ds axgaxrjyol i^i^yop fiev ov, S6 
avptxdXtaap dL £intp ovp 6 Stvoq>cip ' ** ^lamg o\ noXi- 
fiioi avptiXtyfitPOi tiai, xal apdyxri fxdxta&ai' ti ovp, xa- 
xaXmoPxtg. xd axtvti ip tw igrfivot, wg tig ftdxrjP nagtaxsv^ 
aofitpoi toifitp, iawg Sp xd itgd ftdXXop ngoxagolfi rifupy 
'Axovaapxtg ds oi axgaxmxav aptxgayov, wg oidtp diop tig » 
TO ;foi^/oy ay tip, aXXd S^vta&at ^g xdxiaxa, Kal ngojiaxa 
fih ovxixh riP, fiovp di vtp dfidhig ngidfitpoi i&vopxo ' xal 
StPoq>^p KXfdpogog idtrjS^rj tov l4gxddog Ttgod-VfuiaS-at, tt 
XI ip xovxt^ tXri. 'jiX£ ovd* wg iyiptxo xd itgd. 



X«9». y*] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 

Nifov di Tiv fih aiQaTtiyog xona to Xugiaoupov fiigog* 
iittl di kfuga Toifi ayd-ganovg, ug ilxov dtivag t^ itdsia, 
PovXofitvog avToig ;ifa^/aoe(;^a(, tVQtuv Tira av&Qonnov'H^a-' 
xXscitriv, og i<fti x(afiag iyyvg eldivcti, o&tv ttrj XajSilv ra 
A iniT'^dsia, ixrlgvU, tov fiovXofitvov Uvat inl la iniTTJdsia, 
oig '^/Bfiovog iaofiivov. ^^^c^^oyrori dij avv dogailoig, xal 
aaxoig, xal S-vXaxoig, xal aU,oig ayyiioig, ug digxtUovg 
ivd-qtonovg, ^Eneidti d» i^aav iy ralg xtoftaig, xal duanti^ 
govTO cig inl to XaiifidvHv, intnlTtrovaiv avtoig oi ^aqva- 

10 pdiov innBig ngujoi' fif/^OTj&rixoTfg yuq t^aap xdig Bidv^ 
yolg, fiovlofjiBvoi avp jciig Bi&vvoig, ii dvvaivro, anoxaXih- 
aai Toifg "EXXr^vag, fxri iX&fir slg t^v 0Qvyiav. Ovtoi oi 
inniig anoxTtivovat twv ^EXXr^vfuv oi fitiov [^] ntvjaxoal^ 
of^^* ol ds Xomol inl to ogog dviqtvyov. 

lA !£x rovTov anayyiXXn iig lavra tuv anons(fsvyoTmv iig 
TO ajgaxonedov, Kal Ssvo(pbiv, imidri ovx iytyivr^xo tcc 
Uqa Tavirj ijj rifiiqay XufiiHtv fiovv vno dfid^rig, ov ydq ijy 
SXXa ifQtia, aq>aytaadfiBvog ijioi^&si, xat oi aXXoi oi fiixgi 
nivxr^xovxa imv ndvjic, Kat avaXafiovrtg jovg Xotnovg 

so avdgag, tig to OTQaTontdov dq>ixvovvTai. Kal ijSfi fitv afi- 
<pl iiXlov dvofidg i^y, xal ol "HXXtjVfg fidXa d&vfuog fxovrsg 
idHnvonoiovvTo, Kal i^nnhrjg Sid toUv Xaaiuv tw»' Bi&vvoiv 
TirVfg iniytvofifyoi idig nQo<pvXa^i, Tovg fih xaTixavov, Tovg 
St idliit^ttv fiixq^Q 't? TO OTQaToniboif. Kal xgavy^g ytvofii-' 

9A n^g, tig xd onXa ndvrig avvidqafiov ol 'HXXrivrg ' xal dua- 
XHV fth xnl xivtiv to OTQaiontdov rvxTog ovx daq>aXig ido- 
xti Hvai • 5«a6« ydq iiv xd jtfw^/a * iv di Toig onXoig iriH 
xrigivor, q^vXiXTTOiAtvoi Ixayoig q>vXaU, 



1 70 SENO^SINTOS [Bi6. T '. 



KsifdXaiov £^ 

TfiV fiiy vvxja ovroi difj/ayov' Sfia di rjj ^/iii^a ol 
aTQcnfjyol tig to iQV/ivotf x^9^op 7,yovyTO * ol de linovTo, 
ipttXapovTtg ra onXa xai ru axtvij. IJ^Ip di ugiuTov iaqixp 
ilvttt, annatpgtvaav, jj { iTgodog t^v tig to xtof^ioy, xal 
antaravQmaar aJtop, xtnalntorteg rquq nvlag. Kal s 
nXoiop i^ 'jfffaxXtlag tixtv, aXipira ay of xai u^ua xa\ olfor, 
nqm d araarag Zivoq>wv ii^vsxo int^oSia, xai yiyi^jut ra 
Uga in) tov n(foiTov if(ftlov. Kal rjdi} jtXog fxovxvtv i^r 
»f^o»y, OQO, atjov aXoiov 6 (layrig ^ij^toiy IlaQ^uaiog, xai 
i/tiad'at xiXtvfi jov Jevoq)oivTa, Kai dia(3dvTBg Tjjy to- 10 
tpgov, TO onXa rld-ivrai, xai ixi^QV^av a(fiaj^(jartug i^Uva^ 
Toifg otQaTtwrag avv rolg onXoig, lov di o^Xov xai tu av- 
dgano^a avxov xataXtmXv. Oi fiiv dtj aXXoi ndyjfg c|//e- 
aav, Niiav ds ov* t'doxn yag xdXXiajov Hfaif lovrov 91;- 
Xaxa xaraXinHV tcuv inl tov argaionidov, *£7ttidii di oi ift 
Xoxayol xai ol aTQaTimrat aniXinov aviov, alaxwofievoi 
firi 4<finfo&ah tcSv alXtav i^iovxiav, xariXmov avxov roifg 
vnsQ nivTS xai rmaQuxovta tTtj. Kal &vtoi /tiy ififvov* 
ol ds aXXoi inogfvovTo. Jlglv ds nivTB xai 8ixa arddia 
dnXriXvd-ivah ivirv/ov ijdri vtxqoXg ' xai T^y ovgav tov xi- ao 
^OTo; noiriaufiivoi xaxa xovg 7tQ(axovg q>avivxag vixgovg, 
td^aitxov ndvxag, ojxoaovg infXdfilSavs to xigag, ^Enudrf 
ds xoifg ngtuxovg t&aipav, ngoayayovxtg, xai xtiv ovgaw av- 
-if-ig noifjaafievoi xaxa xovg ixgahovg xwv axdiftov^ t&anxov 
TOV avxov xpoTtoVf oTxoaovg infXdftlJavtv ^ axgoTta. Eml tt 
8b (Ig Tt^v odov IJXOV xr^v ix xuv xtafimv, sv&a txsivro a&g6~ 
01, awBVfyxovTfg ainovg B&aipav, 

*'jJdfj di niga fiBaovarjg Xfig r^fitQag itQoayayomg to 
OTQaxBVfia t^at xav xiofAbiV, iXdfiPavov xa iniTi^dBia, o xi 
xlg op^f} ivTog Ttjg tpdXayyog. Kal italipvrjg ogwat toirg ao 



jr«9. «'.] KTPOT ANABA2:i2. 171 

noXtfilovg vniQftdlionag xara X6(fOvg jivag ex lov ivarrl- 
ov, JSTa/fiivovi: inl <pdXa//og, iTtnta; t« nolXoif^ xal nt- 
Sovg* xal yag ^Jii^Qiddxrig xal * Pu&hrig rixov naqa 0aQ- 
vd^aiov ix^'^^i "^^^ duvafiiv. ^Entl di xuTsidov tovg "HX ■ 
ft Xtpfag ol TtoXifiMi, eajrjaav anixovjfg aviav oaov nsyxexair- 
dtxa aradlovg, !Cx joviov evdvg [dgfi^iav, o fidvjtg tear 
*£lXip^(ot, a<payidinah xal iydvBto inl tov nqwov xuXa ra 
aq>dyia, 'jUvjav&a 6 Atvoq>av Xdyet ' ** ^oxbI ftoiy a ofy- 
d(ftg argaTriyol, inixdlaad-ai rfj (pdXa/yv Xo^ovg q>vXaKfitg, 

loXva, ^v nov dij], aatv ol inifiori&i^QovTsg ijj q>dXayyi,, xal 
oi noXi/iioi TnaQayfiivo^ ifinlmwaiv slg iBTayfiivi.vg xal 
axBQalovg" JSvvtdoxu tavxa ndaiv. "'T/xelg /liv roir- 
yvy," Uqpi?, " TtQoriyiia&e Tijy ngog roifg ivavxiovg, wtf /u^ 
iarrf}/iiafi%Vy inil a(p&ri/itv xal ttdofisv tovg 7toXff*iovg' 

u iyat di ^$<o, Tovg jiXiVialovg Xoxovg xatax^glomg, untg vfiiv 
doxBiJ' 

!£| TOVTOV oi fiiv ffavxoi nqor^yoV o d*, xqiig a<ffXwy 
rag xtXivxaiag xd^tig, avd diaxoaiovg dviqag^ ir^¥ fiiv inl 
TO di^ioy inixqti^fv i^inead^ai, dnoXmoviag btg nXi&QoV 

20 SafioXag ^Axaiog lavTuig tjgx^ ^ij^ id^sotg ' tijv d ' inl tw fii- 
0(^ iXOiQivsr tnta&ai ' Jlvgglag 'Agxdg xavxrig ngx^ ' t^> 
ds filar inl x^ tvavvfita * €»gaaiug ^Ad-fivalog xavxtj iq>ti^ 
aTi}X6(. JIgoliovxtg di, iml iyivovxo ol '^yovfitvoi inl vd- 
nu fitydXw xal dvgnogtjf, laxiiaav, dyvoovvxsg, ei dia^axior 

S6 tttj x6 ydnog, xai nagtyyv^ai axgaxriyovg xal Xoxayovg 
nagtivtti inl xo r^yovfitvov. Kal o Sivotp^v, d-avfidaag, 
o xi xo Xaxov tXri xriv nogtlav, xal xdxa axoviov xf}v nagty^ 
yvT^y, iXavvd t^ idvvaxo xdxioxa. Mnil ds awrjX&ov, Xiyu 
2o€palvtxog, ngtapvxaxog mv x^v axgaxijynv, oxi flovXijg ovx 

80 aSiov itti, si diajSaxiov iaxl xoiovxov ov xo vdnog, 

Kal 6 Shvoq>^p anovdff vnoXa(3av tXt^V ***jiXX* tax9 
ftiv fte, ta avdgtg, oifdiva not xlvdvvov ngo^v'^oavxa Vfih 
i&tkovomy * oi ydg do^g o^eS dtonivovg vgidg tig iydgBti-^ 



172 ZENOa^SlNTOS [Bi$. F\ 

trija, aika amtti^iag. Nvr di ovt&i^ i^h ' ifiazil liiv iw- 
^irds ovx hfxi>p aMtX9Cv ' ^v yoQ fiij ^ftiTg Xotfiir inl roifg 
nolifilovq, ovtoi ftfui^t ota^ anivfiir, cy/orroi *ai irunt- 
d^vnm* 'Of^aie dij, noxtqor M^Birxor iiyai inl xoifg up- 
d(^f nffoflaHofurovg fii oxla, 19 ftixaflaXlofurovg, OJXir- # 
a^€v ^fifUr imovxaq xovq ixoltfuovg ^iaaaa&cu, "itm yt 
fiirxoif oxi x6 (liP uJtUvai ino naUfiUtv ovderl xctX^ toua ' 
to di iipfTxta&ui xal xoig *a*loiii S^uQaog dfiJxoieL Eym 
yt ovp nfitov av avr ^fiiataip knolfniw, ^ avp dmXaaioiq ajxo- 
X»^oi^v. Ktu jovxovg ijiii' oxi, inicvxw fur ifiwr, oid* if/ulg if 
ilnil^$XB di^aa&ai i/iag ' ajxtorxttr 9£, narxrq imataifu&a, 
on xolfAiiuovaiv iipimadah. To d% diafiarxag onia&sp ranog 
Xaitnop Koiiivmad^tu, fuliarxag fiaxofd^tu, aq ' oixi xa« o^ 
naaai, aliop / Tolg fUP ya^ noAffdoig tyuy$ fiovloifi^p av 
cviTo^tf nana ifaiPia&ah wgxB anoxttqup' fiftag di xal u 
vixo rov x^qIov dii didaaxta&ai, oji ovx taxi fi^ Pixwn 
cutxtiffla, &avfiaC^ d* iywys xal xo paixog jovxo <? tic 
fialkop <pofii^p pofiliti that xup aXXtap, tttp dtaneno^tv- 
fAt&a /w^UiP, Jlbtg fUP ya^ dutfiaxop x6 nediop, li fi^ 
pix/ioofiep 'xovg inniag / nUg di a dKlijlv^afisp o^^, ^ at 
mXxuaxal xoaoide i<piix9»vxai f *iip di dli xal at»&wfup inl 
^dlaxxaPj noaop xi panog 6 Jlorxog,' tp&a ovxt nhna taxi 
wa analopxa^ ovxt aliog, y &Qtiff6fitOa fitpopxeg' di^au 
Si, tip ^axxop ixti ytvtifu&a, ^axxop i^Upoi naXiP inl ta 
inn/fitia. Ovxovp pvp x^elxxop ^gtaxiixoxag iiaxta&ai, ij « 
avf^iOP aifUfflaxovg. Ar^Qtg, xa xt Uqa f^iCip xaXa, 0% xt oi- 
tiPol ataioi, xd it aipdyia xaXXiaxa. "jv/itp inl xohg ap- 
d^ag. Oi dtl m xovxovg, intl r^ftag ndpxag tlSop, tfdimg 
demy^aai, aid onov ap i&tlwai axtip^aat" 

'£pxiv&tp ol kozayol ^yttaO^ai ixikivop, xal oiStlg op-W 
tiXfyt, Kal og ^yelxo, net^ayytllag diaftaipttp, ij txaaxog 
ixvy/apt xov pdnovg £p' -d^axxop yaq ap a&qoop i96xu 
•Sr«0 ixdgap yspia&M xo axgaxivfia, { ei xaxa x^p ydifv^eoF, 



Ktip, «'.] KTPOT ANABASIS, 173 

f} inl Ti^ vdnf^ rjv, i^ffiri^vovjo. ^Eml ds diipijactv, nagi- 
wy naga TtfV tpaXayya, tXtycv' ** *'AvdQfg, avafiifivi^axta&9, 
oaag dtj fifx/ag avv loig &idlg ofiooB iomg rsvixrfxare, xal 
oia naoxovavv oS noXffiiovg q>evyovug* xal TOtrr' iworiaare, 

ft OTi inl raig -O-vgaig tilg 'EXXadog ia^ir. *AXX* snBaS^B ^Hy^ 
fiovt Tw */lQaxXst, xal aXXijXovg naqnxaXiitn ovofiaajl 
'jidv Toe> avdgeiov xal xaXor vvr elnovra xal notfjaayra, 
fivi^firiv, iv oig id^iXn, TtaQtx^tv havrov** 

Tavxa nagsXavviov ^tys, xal afia V(prjysito inl (jpdXay^ 

10 yog, xul tovg nsXraatag kxariQto&er noitjadfiero^ inoqbv^ 
ovxo inl jovg noXefiiovg, nagtiyyiXXero di la fjiiv dogara 
inl tov di^iov afiov ix^ir, ttag arjfiairoi TJj adXniyyi ' Ittm- 
ja di fig ngopoXr^v xa&ivTag ensa&at. /iddriv, xal ^irfiiva 
dgofif^ ditoxBiv, ^Ex tovtov avv&rifia nag^H, ZET2 211- 
. ift THP, HPdKAHS IirEMJlN. 61 di noXifiioi vnifis- 
vov, yofil^ovitg, xaXov ix^iv to jjfCD^tov. ^Entl di inXfjala- 
fof, aXaXd^avTsg oi "EU.rivtg niXTaaral t&tov inl jovg no- 
XefjUovg, ngiv riva xsXtveiv ' ol di noXifnoi drtloi ugftriaav, 
0% T8 inniig xa» to OTiipog iwv J3i-&vytav' xal jginovrai 

so tov; ntXTaardg. AXX intl vnrjvjia^sv ij q)dXay^ xwv onXtr- 
Twv Taxv nogivofiivrj, xal dfia { .adXniy^ itp&iy%aJO, xal 
inaidviiov, xal fina laina i^XdXal^ov, xal a^a la dogazu 
xad-Uoay, inav^a ovxixi idilavxo ol noXf/iioi, dXX^ ttpev- 
yov. Kal Tifiaaltjv fiiv ix^^ ''ovg inniag iqnimxo, xal 

86 antxTlyvvaaVf oaqvg nrg idvvavxo, ^g oXiyoi oW;;. To!vy 
di noXifileiy to fiiy tvfovvfioy ti&vg difondgij, xa&^ o ol 
"EXXriytg lnn%ig rjaay * to di di^ioy, dxt ov atpodga difoxa- 
fievoy, inl X6q>ov avyiarri. 'Enil di fldoy oi "ElXrivtg vno- 
fiivovxag aifxovg, idoxei ^axoy xt xal axiydwoxaioy tiyat, 

M iivai i^dri In * aixovg. Jlaiavlaayxig ovy, tid-vg inixuvxo ' 

oi di ovx vni/itiray, Kal irrav&a ol ntXraaxal idlaxoy, 

fiixg^ ro di^ioy av dtiaTtdgti ' ani&avov d oXiyo^ ' to yag 

inmxoy upofiov nagilxh ^o tmf noXBidwy, noXi ov* *Eutl 

15* 



174 SETfO^SlNTOS [Bi6. 5". 

dk itdop ol "JSXXiive^ to t« 0a^vafiaiov innixiv tri avviartj^ 
tcoff xal Tovg Bi&vvovq inniag uqos rovtovg avvad^oiifh- 
fUvovq, xal ano l6<pov nvog xaja&ifafiiyovg ra yiyvofAtva, 
inni(t]xtijav fiiv, ofitog d* iioxu koX ini Tovtovg ixiov iivai 
ovrtog, oJiatg dvyaivro, ug fiii it&aQ^t^xoxfg avanawsaivxo. c 
^wra^ifievoi de nofftvoyrai, ^Eyuv&Bv oi noXifiioi innug 
^fvyovat Kara xov n^arovg, ofnoitag ntgrnq vno Imtioiv duo- 
xofiivoi' vanog yaq avtovg vntdi/tto, o oix ffitaav ol 
"Elkt^vfg, ilXa nffoaniTQanovTO dmixovttg ' oiffs ya(f r^v, 
*JinttPikd6vtfg di, tv&a [dij] ^ jr^oiii} avfifioXii iyivno, 10 
OTfiaafAivoi tQonaiov, inr^ioav inl 'dakaxxotv 7rf^2 r^Uov 
dvaiidg* axadioi yaq noav ig Vii\xovxa inl to ax^ajo-' 
nedov, « 



Kaipakaiov 5'^ 

*Evx9V&kv oi flip noUfiioi uxov ififpl xa kavxAv, xai 
inr^yorto xttl xovg oixixag xal xa /(fijfiaxa, onoi idvvarxo u 
-ngoamtaxvi ' oi Si "EUtjvtg nqogifihvov fih Kliavdgov, xal 
tag tgitjiffig, xal ta nloia, wg ii^ovxa * i^oyxtg di hxdottig 
f^fAi(f«g avp tolg vnoivyloig xal tolg ardgavodoig, iffitQOvxo 
admg ijdri nvgoifg, xQt&dg, olvov, oaixQin, fitklvag, avxa' 
inarta ya(f [aya&a] ttxiv ij X^9^f nXtiv iXalov. Kal 90 
onoxs fih xaxafiivot to axQaxtv/ta avaitavofievov, ^|{y inl 
lilav iivai* xal iXdfM^avov ol i^iovxtg' onoxt d' i^ioi ndv 
TO ax(fdttv/ia, tt tig x^glg amX&mv Xdfioi ti, dtifioaiov l3o- « 
Icy €iya». *'Odn di tfv [noXXn'] ndrtwp a(jp&ovla * xal yaq 
iyogal ndrtc^tv aq>txvovrto ix tiuv ^EXXtividotv noX^viv, xal 9A 
ol naf^anliovxtg aofitroi xaxtjyov, axovomg, ig otx^oito 
TtoXig, xal Xififfv iVti. "EnBfinov da xal ol noXifitoi [tldrj], 
ot nXf^aiop ^xovv, nqog Sivo(p^vta, i^tovovxtg, Sti ovtog 
7ioXlin to x^qlov^ iqwxmrxBg, o ti diot noiovrtag ^pilovg 



K€y. ff'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. 175 

ilvai. *0 ^* iniddxwiv avToi'g xoig OTQatiwraig, Kar 
tovT^ KlioLvdqog aipixveltai, dvo tgii^QSig t^fov, nXdiov 
^' oidiv. 'Etv/xoi^^ ^« T^ ajQaxevfia t^m vv, ore aipixtrOf 
xal inl Xfiav jivig oixofiBvoi, akXoi dg to ogog ' xal cUif- 
^9 q>$(ruv nqo^xa itoXXd' oxvovvifg Si, firj aquxtgBdsUv, r^ 
JhliTinm kiyovaiv {vg aKidga T^y TttvxfixovTOQOv t^wv in 
Tganfl^ovvxog), xal xeXevovat diaataaavxa xa jigofiata, xa 
(liy ttvtov lit/itiv, xa di afplaiv avtot^ inof^ovrcu, 

Mvdvg d * ixuvog intXavvu xovg nsgiBoxmag xwv axQa~ 

10 xiwxMv, xai Xiyovxag, oxi Hi^noaia xavx ' iVij, xal x^ KXsdv- 

dgta [iv&vgl iXSbiV Xiyti, ott agndiiiv inixttgovaiv. *0 W 

xtXtvsi xhv agnd^ovxa ayeiv ngog avxov. JCal 6 fih Xaflwv 

ayti xtvd ' 7itgixvx*uv d Ayaaiag aq>atgfixat ' xal yag riv 

avx^ o dyofiivog Xoxhtig. Oi Ss SXXoi ol nagovxeg xwv 

lA ifxgaxKoxwy int/ugovai pdXXiiv xov Ai^nnov, ayaxaXovvug 

xoy ngodoxriv, ^Mdetaay ds xal xwv xgirigixwr noXXol, xal 

tqxvyoy tig xr^y ^dXaxxav* xal KXiavdgog d* eqxvye. 

lByoq>^y de xal oi aXXoi axgaxtiyol xaxixoiXvov X6, xal x^ 

KXidvdgi^ tXtyoy, oxi ovdiv eVtj Tigay/ia, aXXa x6 doy/ia itri 

90 aVxiov, xo xov axgaxtvfioxog, xavxa ytviadai, *0 di KXi- 

' avdgog, vno xov Ai^lnnov X8 aytgB&tiofitvog, xal avxog 

ax&ta&tig, oxi iq>oj3ii&tj, anonXtvoBio&ai Bq>ij xal xrigvUi^t 

fifldtfiiav TioXiy dixfa&av avxovg, wg noXffilovg. Ilgxoy di 

Tore ndvxay xwv 'HXXijveiiv ol AaxfSaifioyiot, 

"' 9A ^Evxav&a novrjgoy idoxBi x6 ngayfia [/xcfvo] Blyai xotg 

' '*£lXtiah xal iSiovxo firi nomv xavxa. 'O d ovx ay aXXag 

' B<pfi yByia&at, bI fuj ti^ ixStioB^ xov ag^avxa pdXXBiV xal 

^ xov iipBXofiBvov. Hv di, ov i^iixBt, 'Ayaaiag, dia xiXovg 

I qtlXog x^ SBVoq>wyxi' i^ ov xal dUpalBV avxov o Aihnnog. 

v^ to Kal ivxBV&BV, inBidrf anogia r^v, avvr^yayov xo axgdxBVfia 

If cl agxovxBg' xal eViot fiiv avxuv nag* oXlyov inoiovvxo 

]i toy KXiavdgoV x^ di AByo<pwvx$ oi* idoxBt ^cn/Xor tlvat 

9( TO ngay^M, alX* avaaxag bXbIbv * 

K 



176 gENOfPSlNTOS [Bt6. S^. 

** It SvSqtq arqixn&iui, ifioi d* ov q>avXov Souii tlvai 
to n^Syiia, ti ij^Zy oio^oi; ixtav T^y pftafinv KXsavd^og 
antiOiVt wgnt^ Xi/tu Mint fisv yaq ^3ij iyyhg m \EXXrjvl- 
Sti noXfig' tijg d JSXXadog uiaxtdaifiovtoi Tigottfripiaair' 
ixen^ol Si tloi xal tig ixnarog jiaxtdotiftovltav ir jaXg noXs- » 
a IV, o Ti fiovXovrai, diait(^oiTtBad^au Ei ow ovtog nqmov 
fiiv ^fiig Bviarrtov anonXslaBif tuBna di loig aXXoig aq- 
/loaraig naQayytXti, ilg rag noXeig firi dixea&ai, ^g am- 
OTOvyrttg jiaxtdaifiovloig xal avoftovg ovtag, tri di ngo.^ 
Idya^lliiov tov vavaQ^oy cvrog e Xoyog nf^l rifAtHv ^5«* ' ;?«- w 
Xmov luTtti xa\ /levnv xal anonXfiv ' xat yig h jjj yjj a^ 
Xovat jiaxtdaifiopioi xal iv tJ &uXdrri] tov vw /povor. 
Ovxovv dii ot/Tf ivog avS^og tvBxa ovri dvoiv r^fiag tovg 
SXXovg T^"^ *ElXddog unix^a&at, aXXa Tttiarioy, o t* av x«- 
Xtvtoat ' xal ya^ ai noXiig '^fAmr, o&sy ia/iiv, nnd^orrai ift 
avToig, *Eyai fth ow {xat yag axowo, Jihnnov Xiyttv 
TtQog KXiavdQOVi wg ovx av inoiijatv Ayaalag tavja, tl fir^ 
iyw avTov ixiXsvaa), iya ow dnoXvta xal vfidg xr^g alxiag, 
xal *Ayaalav, av avTog Ayaolag (prfOrj, tfii jivog tovrmv 
aXxiov tJvai, xal xaradixdZm ifiavxov, li r/a> n^qopoXiag t} so 
aXXov tivog ftialov i^dgxf^^, XTJg iaxdxijg dlxtjg a^iog tlvai, 
xal vifi^ XTiv dixxiv. €H]fil di, xal it xiva aXXov alxidxai, 
kavxov XQV^^*^ nagaaxuv KXidvdgto xgivai' ovxta yaq 
av vfiiig anoXiXvfjiivoi xijg alxiag iXr^xt. 'Jlg di vvv ^ci, 
XaXinov, ti, oloftBvoi iv xjj ^EXXddi xal inaivov xal xifiijg S5 
tBvUa&ai, avxl di xovxtov fitjd' ofioioi xoJg aXXoig iaofiB&a, 
aXX^ fiQ^Ofis^a ix xdiv 'EXXr^vldtav noXtutv,*' 

Mixa xavxa avaaxdg *Ayaalag tlnfV " *i?/o), a» avdgeg, 
Ofjivvfii -^tovg xal 0-tdg, r/ /u^y fii^xt ifii Zsroifdina xtXevaa^ 
a(pBXia&ai> xov avdga, /ui}i8 vfioiv aXXov fd^diva ' idovxi di ao 
fioi avdga aya^ov ayofiivov x^v ifiav Xozixwv vno /fcl/ir- 
nov, ov v/itig inlaxaa&B vftag nqodovxa, duvhv tdoltv Bt- 
vai' xal aq>8d6fAfjv, ofwXoya. Kal vfiBTf fuv fi^ indmti 



Knp.g'.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 177 

vavn KXidvdQO), o %i av povXtixai noirjoav' tovtov ivtxa 
filers noXffiUTS uiaxtdaifAovioig, aw^oiad-i ts aa<paXoig, onri 
-^iXei fxautog, 2^vfinifjnpat8 fiivTOi, fioi lyicSy avrdiv iX6- 
ff fitvoi ngog Kkiavdgov, oixivtg, av ji iym nagaXslTiou, xal 
Xi^ovatv vnig ifiov xa} ngd^ovaiv,^' *Ex tovtov $diuxiv ^ 
aTQUtid, ovgnvag fiovXoiro ngoiXofisvor Uvai, *0 de ngo- 
BiXtTO Tovg OTqajtiyovg, Mna Tavta iJtoQtvovro ngog 
KXiavdgov Ayaalag xal ol orgaTtjyol, xal o dq^aigtStlg 

10 avrig vno ^AyaaloV xal tXfyov oi tngaxfjyol' 

** **EnB^ipiv ri(iag ^ argaxia nghg as, w KXiavdgs ' xal 
XBXivoval at, bYts ndvrag alii^f ■ xglvavtn qhivtov XQ^^^^h 
o T* av fiovXtj ' €*Ve tva Tivd, ij dvo, ^ xal nXiiovg altit^, 
TovTovg a^iovai nagaaxity ooi kavtovg lig xglaiv. Eiie ow 

IS fjifimv Tivd ahi^, ndgsofiiv aot v^tig * clre dh aXXov Tiva 
[aUirtt], q>gdaov' ovddg ydg [aot] aniaTah ogTig av tt/iiv 
i&dXri nfi&ea&ai," Mixa xavra Tiagikd^iov o Idyaalag ei- 
nsv • " !C/(w tifii, w KXiavdgt, 6 difiXoiiivog Atllnnov 
ayovxog tovtov tov avdgat xal naUiv xtXsvaag Ji^imiov. 

90 Tovtov fjiev ydg oilia avdga dya&ov ovtu ' Jd^innov di 
aigB&ivTa olda vito rijg OTgaTidg dg^eiv T^g irsTfixovTogov, 
ffg iiTr,adfi6&a nagd TgantiovvTloiV, .i(p ta tb ttXoux avXXi- 
ytiv, tag awiolfjts&a * xa» anodgdna Ai^inTtovt xal ngo^ 
dovra TOvg argaxnojagi fjiB&' wv iam&fj, Ktu tovg t« Tga- 

S5 nfl^ovvriovg anioTtgrixaiiBV tt^v nsvTiixovTogov, xal xaxol 
doxovfitv tivai Sid tovtov* avToi tb, to inl tovt^, ano^ 
XiaXafiBV \ndvTBq\, ^Hxovf ydg, &gnBg tiUBig, wg anogov 
ffi}, 7if(f} dmovTag Tovg noTOfAOvg tb dia/Siivai, xal att&fjvai 
Big Ttjv ^EXXdda, Tovtov ovv toiovtov ovxa aq>BiX6fi7iv, 

BO Ei Sb av riytg, ^ aXXog Tig tSv nagd aov, xal firi twv nag 
^fimv dnodgdviwVf (V Ya&i, oti ovdiv av tovtuv inolfiaa, 
Nofii^s 5i, av ifii vvv dnoxTilvrjg, di* avdga dBiXdv t* »ai 
fiovfighv avdga dya&ov anoxjBvwvJ* 



I7B SENO^JINTOS [B.6. 9\ 

*A3iOvaaff jawta a KXimv^og ilnwp, " Zxi jO^nnov ^iv ovk 
inatvoifj-y el ravm nsnotifxag cli^* ov fiiyjot &gpi} vofd^nr, 
ovf ti 7ia/*n6vii(f09 ijy ^^miMg, fiiup- x^i^^^ ndaxftp au^ 
jov, iXXa x^&ivjti iig^ntg xal Vfiitg viv a$i9ikf; irjg iUxtfg 
tvxtiv, Nvv fiiv ovv aims, xaiaXtnoyitg tivdi , %op upt- » 
bqa * oTory ^' fye» xtXivaia, Tia^effie nqog ttjv xftavp, Ai- 
tmnfn di ovtt T^y at^otzuiv, ovjt aXlov oiiUva' . -inei y^ 
9VTog avtog ofieloytX u<ptXi9&ai Toy tfyd^a.''- \0 d* a<pa^ 
qt&ftg^ tlrtBr' " ^£yf^* » Kkm>dqB, ti xal e*ei-fi8 ad*xowfr« 
ji ayta&ai, ovt' tnaiov ovdivor orr' tflaXhoVr aiU' tlnov, ^ 
on drjfioain etii ta nQofiara * r^v yag iwr atgaximrtav Soyfjia, 
tV Ttg, oTtote 17 armaria i^loi, Idltf Itftioito, dtj/Aoaia uvtu 
TOT Xrj^&ivxtt. Tavt* tlnov' xal ix tovtov iib Xafimw ovTog 
'Hytr, ifva fi,7^ (jf^iyyoiTQ n^^dg, iXX^ avx^g Xajiwy to fiigog, 
9iaa(a0H9 t»ig XfiOTalg vflr^er i^v ^ifT^oy tm x^^utnaJ* 15 
IlQfg xavta o KXiavdgog tlntr * " ^Mnsl %oivw toiovtog 
el, xaxafisvfr Xva xal Ttt^l vov liovXtvoo)(xt&t»J'* 

'jb'x 10VTOV ol fih afiipl KXiavd^ov ff^iariap ' Ti}y di argcf- 
jtav avvfj/B Zivoq>cjv, xat avPi/SovXfVB, nifiiffat avdQog 
nf}6g KXiarSgdv, nagaufjaofiivovg ntgl luv jxvJ^mv. Ex 90 
10VX0V ido^tv aixoXgy Ttifjttf/etvxag axfaxijyoifg imI Xi^ayovg 
xal JqaxQVxiov lov Snafndinv, xal tuv mkXnv oV idoxovr 
iniTrflBiBi ttfPtu, 9i7a&ai KXfdvd^QV xaia nana ^gqixo^^ 
aifhivai t(u tivd^B. £h&iup ow SBvotpv^r Xiyti' "f^XBog 
ftiv, (a KXiavift, vQvg avdfjag ' xal ^ a-^arid ooi vqxjxo, as 
S Ti iftovXov TToiifO'on xal txbqI lovtnv, xal Tif^ kavtfiiip 
andvxav, Ntnf di ot ahovviat. nal . diorxa^ ^oyvai aipiai 
tm avd(fB, xal /ur/ xaxaxadvnv ' noXXd yeiQ bp tcj* Bfi7i^a9sv 
Xl^ovf^ tibqI t^v aiQaiiap f^oxO-fisdrriv, Tavxa .di gov 
vvxoitBg:, vnii^ovvxal aoi otptl jovxt^p, iap fiovXij ^yBiad'at' so 
avxmy, xal iav ol S-eol XXboj coaey,. ^7i^du|ciy ao4, -xa». oig 
xoofuoi Biai, xofi tag Ixuvoi, tw a()XOPXt nBi^ofiBvoi^ rdyg net- 
iB^lovg avv Ttug S-Bolg fAtf q^ojit7a&ai. Aiaytat di gov. xmt 



Kt<p, g\] KTPOr ANABA2I2, 170 

xovto, xaga/eyoiAtvov xal Sg^ttvra iavrw Ttiigetv kafleiv xoi 
Jt^iJiMov Hal offMV [xcxi] -mv SXliay, cilog ixaarag iau, xal 
tifv a^iav ixdmoig vsttiai" 'Jxowuq ztwza i Kliavdgog, 
** \4Xku va\ [/u«] TO) 2ito" I917, " to/v xoi v/itr inoxgivov^ 
« lAOU K(u jta Tfi Svdgt Vfitv didaifu, xai txiihg nagiaouni * 
xal iav ol &wl nagadii^^ai [ti], ihjyioo/iai tig T^rV<U>r/«/ 
Kal noXv oi X6y9i ovtqi artloi ualv ^ ovq iydt n$gl v^(0¥ 
ipiMV ^xovor, 4og to atgaiBVfia afpiojoTB ano Aaxidatfio^ 

lO *Ex xovrov ol fih inatvovrtsg ^Tt^X&av, fj^orteg tcu avdgs * 
KXiavdgog Si i&vno inl TJy Jtogtlnf, xal avv^r g6Voq>wvu 
^ilixmg, xal U^lap aw$PaXXorTo. 'EhbI Sb xal kwga ai- 
jovg TO nagayytXXofurov tvxaxrag noiovvragf xal fialXov 
tn intd-vfui ^ytfiav ysvia&ai avxmv. *£nfl (jiinoi -^vo- 

15 fiivoj avx^ inl jgs7g ^fiigag oix iylyvtto xa Uga, avyxa" 
Xiaag xovg axgaxr^yovg tlnsv ' " 'Efiol (juf oix i&iisi> ysvi" 
if&ai xa Uga iidyuV v/iBig fiivxot iii^ d&Vfjtiixs xovxov 
tvBxa * vfilv flip ydg, ug soixe, didoxai ixxo/ilaai xovg »v- 
di^ag' aXXd nogevead-t. ^Hfiug di vitdg, insiddv ixslas 

90 ^xiixe, d(l6fit&a, wg av dvvtofie&a xdlXiaxaJ^ 

'Ex xovtov eJole xoig axgcniuxaig, dovrai avxa rd dfifw^ 
aiu ngofiaxa, 'O Si dt^dfuvog, ndUv avxolg ditidcuxB ' xal 
aitog fiiv dninXei. Oi Si axgaxmxat, Suttd-ifievoi, xov at- 
xov, ov ijaay avyxixofiiafiivoi, xal xd dlXaf d eiXi^q>saar, 

35 iUnogtvovxo did xmv Bi&vrmv, End di ovdsvl ivixvxov 
nogtvofjiivoi i^y og^r^v odor, &gi tx^vxig xi fig i^y qnXlav 
iX&HP, (doUv avxotgj xovfinaXiv vnoaxgiipavxag iX&slv fjUav 
^uignv xal vvxxa, Tovxo Si noir^atdntg, tXa^ov noXXd xal 
drSgdnoSa xal ngofiaxa ' xal dq>lxovxo ixxa^oi lig Xgv^ 

BO aonoXtv xtjg XaXxtidorlag, xal ixil tfiHvav ifiigag htxa 
XafpvgonwlovnB^f 



SEN09SINT02 

KTPOT AN ABASE JIS 
BIBAION 'EBAOMON. 



KnpaXouov a\ 

*02A lih dfj i9 t^ aPttflttan rjj fitta Kvgov tn^a^ar oi 
TElXtpug fiixif^ ''Vf f^X^^t *o^ S<Fa, intl Kvgog itfltvrriosv, 
h TJSf nogtl^f, f^i/Q^i fk Toy Jlovtov agtlxono, nal ooa ix 
jov JJorrov nti^ i^iorttf xal nUovrtg inolovy, fifXQ^S ^^ 
jov (Ttofiaxog iyivorto h XQvaonoXn t^; *Aalag, [navxa] ft 
iv T^ ngoa&ty Ao/y dedrjXtorat, 

*Eh jovtov di OaQydftttZog, fpopovfitvog to axQnrtvfia, fitf 
inl Tijr avtov igxh"^ aTfiartvfitai, ndfuf/ag nqog Ava^ifitoif 
rov vavaqx^^ (o ^« tivx^v iv Bviavxlta wr), idnTO, ditxfiir^ 
pdaat TO ajqdxiVfia ix r^g ^Aalug, xal vniax^nxo, numa 10 
noir^auv avrw, oaa dioi. Kal ^Ava^lfliog finBnifiiptxTo 
xoifg atQanjyoifg xal Xoxnyovg tav OTQariuiTuv dg Bv^dtf- 
tiov, xal vnioxvBiJO, li dial^aisv, fiia&fxpoqdv faftj&ai rolg 
axQcrtiuTaig. Oi fth Sti dXXo^ itpaaav ^ovXsvadfifvot 
anoty/iXiiy' Zivoq)oiy di elntv avr^i, or* inaXXd^oiro ijSfi 15 
OTTO Trig OTQaTiag, xal fiovXono anonXflv. 'O ds 'A^a^^fiiog 
ixiXevatv avrov avvdiapavra, tntija 0VT(»g inaXXdtXits&ai, 
*jE(fri ovr xavxa notrjanv, 

Sevd-f^g da 6 O^a^ nifiTtsi Mrfioaddriv, xal xfXfVH Xero- 
ff£vxa avfinQO&vfisiad^ah OTttog dutfljj xo axgdxtvfia, xa$ 90 



JTt^. a\] KTPOr JNABASIZ. 18] 

*0 d ' (iTTty ' ** *MXa lo fiiv otqattvfia duxfi^astiu * tov- 
vov tPtxm fti^h Ttlsifm /njre rftatt (i^tt ilkm /itjdtvl * in9^ 
Suv Si diafij, iym fih anaXkd^jim ' nffog ds tovf Stafii-' 
h povtfii xai ^xijmiglovf Zytag vf^ogiff^ia^u^ mg w avtf 
do%^ wnpaUg" 

!&'x tovtov iiufialvov^ wavttg h^ Btfiavttop «t cr^omoK 

kn^Qvxai; t« QuXm ««u xa 0xfv^ TQvg ^r^atmitag i$i$vai, ^g 
to uTtoxiji^mw T€ af/ift xal a^id-p.QP 70ii}(r»y. '/sViuv^a of 

tig jijv nofftiav^ ual ixvTi^mg avyctfxct'afotro. 

Kru o ABvwpw, KlfavSffw rw a^fiotng ^ivog ^ryfvrjfti^ 
vog, Jtgog^X&iitv r^^Hsi^tTO aviov^ ^ aiEoMltvuovfitvog i^^i^. 

14*0 J' «tf?« it/M * " 3fjJ nonitiifg tavxa' ei di ftt/,*' i'^ni^ 
" airtav Ving ' ^Mfl xni vvp rivig tfi^ ai aiTiMvrm, Zxi oi 
xa^v (lignu xo <rr^««i;/i«." *0 6 u^€v ' " UiX aijiog 
(tiv f/M/s'Ovx ti/il xovtov, oi Si ax^xtiuxiu vivtoI, iniai- 
xiVfAOV dfcfisyoi, [xal oix (Xovxtg,] Sia xo^x4> a&v/AOiHH 

JO itQog Ti/r tlaSovJ* " 'aVl Ofi^,'* ftpfj, ** i'ym aoi avfi/tovlfvWf 
iield^iiw fiiv Mg Tioffivaofifyov ' iniidav S * t^ta yf.vtjTai to 
axgtxTfVfiotf x6t€ axaXlaixsfsd-ai" ** Tavxa roti-ui'," tifii 
6 Z(vo(pbiVt " dl&orxtg ixftog 'Aya^tfliov Siait^a^ofit&a.^' 
Ov/iug iX&ovjig tkf/ov xavxa. *0 6* ixilevaev otIrM Jtotslv, 

if xal xf^v xaxluTiiV iltivai avrfaxBvaafiivovg, xal ngogavni^ 
niiv, og ar ftt^ vag^ tig xifv iUtaaiv xal tig xop iffi&fiOP, 
OTi uiiog avxov alxidatxai. 'jUvitv&ey i^flsaav oi xt ar^ot- 
tijyol 7i(fdixoi, xal oi akloi. Kal uffdfiv ndvxtg nX^v oXl^ 
yv»v fitoi i}<rar, xo^ 'Extovtxog tlaxijxH naqa xag nvXetg, mg, 

•0 onoTav tjoi yivwrtai ndvxtg, inoxXtiouy xdg nvXag, xal xor 
fiO/Xop ^fi/iaXdiy, 

*0 Si Idyaiifiiog, avyxaliaag xovg oxQaxriyoifg xal xovg 
loX^youg, tXtyi ' " Tu fiiv iniTi^Sua" iipii, " Xafiftdmt in 
16 



182 SENO0flNTO2 [BiS, z'. 

%m9 B^^UsP xnfUiP * tlal di avjo&i nolXa) x^i&al xa» 
nv^ij xo* TalXa ta inuifitia * XajSontg 8i no^fvtod^t tig 
TIJ9 XtQ^orfiaoy, i»si di Kvviaxog vfiv fua&odoiiiaBi" 
*£naxQvaarfts da jtvig tw aiqaxi^xw xavia, ij xal rwr 
loxayiiy tig, dia/yilkti tig to OTQaTtvfia. Kal oi [itp ft 
arffanriydi invy^avorto niql %ov 2tv&ov, noxtqa TtoXijtiog 
tXri Tf q)iXog, xal noxtqa dia tov U^ov oQOVg dioi no^tvt- 
c&ah ^ xvxXi^ dia fUatfg rr/g B(^ixfig. 

*£y ^ 8b ovxoi xavxa ditXiyorxo, oi axQaxtmxtu ivaqna- 
carttg ta onXa ^iovat d^ofitji nffog tag nvlag, ng nuXtv dg 10 
TO ttixog tigiovxtg. 'O di *£xt6yixog xai oi avv avx^, fug 
tldoy TXQog&iorxag xovg onXlxag, avyxltlovai rag nvXag, xal 
toy fwxXoy ififiaXXovaiy. Oi di axQaxtwxai exonxov xag 
TtvXag, xal tXtyoy, on adixaxaxa naaxoity ixfiaXXofuyoi ug 
tovg noXtfilovg' xal xaxaoxlotiy tag nvXag tfpaatty, ti /u^ ift 
ixoyttg avol^ovaiy, *'AXloi d' aixwy t&toy naqa xtfy &a~ 
Xaxtay, xal naqa xriv XV^V'*' "^^^ ttlxovg vjit^fiaiyovaiy tig 
tffy noXiy ' aXXo^ d *, ot ixvyxf*^oy trdoy orxtg t^v ax^atta- 
toy, mg o^cSof ta inl ta7g nvXatg n^dyficna, diaxoipayttg 
taXg a^lvaig ta xXtl&^a, ayantxawvovat xag nvXag * o* 90 
<J' tignlTXXOvaiy. 

*0 de Seyoipmy, wg tlds ta yiyyofitva, dUaag, firi dtp a^ 
nayriv tqdnono to ax^dxsvfia, xal ayi^xtoxa xaxa yivoixo 
xji noXti xal avxf xal toig axgatimaig, b&h, xal avv^g- 
nlnxBi tl'an tuy nvXoiy airy t^ oxXi^. Oi dt Bviuyxtoh ^ 
ag tldoy to axQaxtVfia fiitf tignlitxoy, (ptvyovaiy ix xrjg 
ayoqdg, oi fih tig ta nXola, oi di oVxadt * ocjoi d ' tpdor 
ixvyxavoy oyxtg, t^ * oi dt xa&tlXxoy xag tQii^gtig, wg iy 
talg tQii^Qtai Ofoioiyto ' nayxtg Si ^ovxo anoXfoXivai, ^g 
iaXtoxvlag ti^g noXttog. *0 ds ^Ettovixog tig x^v axgar 90 
ttnoq>tvyti. 'O 8t ^Ava^lpiog, xatadQUfiwy inl r^y ^aZor- 
tay, aXitvtix^ nXolio ntQtinXn tig ttjy axQonoXiy, xai 
tv&vg fUtanifATftxai ix XaXxtidoyog <pgovQovg' oi yag 
ixayol idoxovr that oi iy tjj axgonoXti axtiy toifg Ifvdgns. 



K€9. «'•! KTPOr ANABA2IS. 183 

aiv uii^ noXkol, xal Xi/ovai ' ** Nvv aoi i^botiv, n 
X(vo<pciPj avd^l ytvda&ai. ^J^sig JioXiv, fXBig t^ii'i^sigy 
t^Hg jif^if^ara, tz^ig ardgag tonovtovg, Nvv Sp, cl /?oi5- 

A Xoio, QV IB [xfft] r^fiag ov^aaig, xal ^fittg as fiiyay noir^ 
aai/iivJ* *0 di anBHgivaxo ' *' *AkX* sv is XtyBTt, xal notr^ 
am tavja ' bI ds loviwv ini^VfitlTB, •&ia&B ra onXa iv t«- 
^si mg jaj^LGTa ' *' ^vXofiBVog aviovg xaTijQBfi^iTnt ' xal 
avTog T£ TiaQfiyyva javTa, xal tovg alXovg ixiXtv^s naQsy- 

10 yvav, xal ti&Ba&ai ra oTtXa. Oi di, aifiol v^^ kavimv 
jauofiBvoi, 0% T8 onXixai, iv oXlyt^ XQ^vt^ Big oxxoS iyit^vTO, 
xal oi TiBXTttGtal inl to xi^ag kxdrfgov naQadBdfafu^xBaar, 
To di xfoglov oiov xdXXiarov ixrd^aa&al iori, to Sgffxiov 
xaXoviiBvov, BQfifiOV olxiwv xal TtBdirov. EjibI di bxbixo ra 

ifi onXa, xal xatriQB/ila&Tiaav, avvyxdXBl SBVoipav t^v inqazidv^ 
xal XiyBi xddB' 

""Ot* fiiy OQyiS^a&B, to SvdgBg urgaximxat, xal vofiiZexs 
dsiva ndaxBiv i^anaxfij/jiBvoi, ov ^avfidita. *£dv ds xm 
d^vfi^} xoiQ^Sf^f-^^f*! ^^^ AaxBdaifiovlovg %b xovg nagovxag 

90 T^^ i^aTidxrjg xiinagtiaafiB&a, xal xtfy noXiv xt/V oidsv 
alxlav diagndaoifiBV, iv^fiili&iiZB^ a B0xai ivxBV&sv. 
IloXifiioi fiBV iaofiB&a djtoded^iyfiipoi uiaxBdaifiovloig 
XB xal xolg avfifidxoig ' olog d 6 noXtfiog av yivoixo, 
sixdiBiv Sti ndgBOXirV^, imgaxoxag xal avafivrjo&ivxag 

35 xa vvy dfj ytysptiftivcu ^Hfulg yag oi 'A&ijvaiot Bigi^X- 
•&0(iBy Big xov noXBfiov xov xgog tovg AaxBdaifiwhvg 
xal xovg avfi/jid/ovg, fx^vttg xgii^gBig, xdg fih iv S^aXdxxjj, 
xag d* iv xolg vB4ogloig, ovx iXdxxovg XBtgaxoaUiv, vnagxov- 
xwv di noXXmv jif^ij/uetTCtiy iv xfj noXBi, xal ngogodov ovarjg 

so xaT* iviavxov ano xs xuv ivdi^fiuv xal ix xijg xntBgoglag, oi 
jitlov ;|fiJl(W xaXdvxviv ' agxovxig t« xmv vr^atav anaauv, xal 
£V XB xj ^Aaiq noXBig nolXag txovxBg, xal iv x^ Evgton^ aX" 
Xag T8 nolXdg, xal aixo xovxo xo BvJ^dvrtov, onov wv 



181 ZEirO^JlTTTVy [BiS. z\ 

inlottn&t, liiv ^ ^ ti err oioiit&m nm&ilv^ uiaxthainQ- 
ylmv fih ncrJ tw *4jfaii»r ovfi(Aa;imy vna^x^^^^^* ''ji&'nt'altar 
h, xal oaoi ixtlvoig tort ^ooi' ov^ftazoi, myjuw Tt^ocjrs- 
jfomi^ivuyr Tuuuxfj^bfv^vg is, xal rmv ini ^aXdxTn uXXtur * 
fiaffpdffmiy navwr nol^iiimv iJ/icf oyTW, nolBftimwiov ds 
mviov vop arM (ktailimg, Sr iil&9fitr i<fatgfia6fifr»t -n r^r 

Tfliiy a/iov cTyrwr, !<»( vis^ •vim; a(f^r, igtig 0€ttat m» nftag 

91, xttf iQtg fifimq^ig airw tplioig t« xml oixtiotg. Est 
ydg jmg noXsatv tl^i Jtdmg, img i<f* ii^Stg ergtrnvoofti- 
raig ' xetl (Uxniatg ' H ^gfitxgvv (ih noJUw cilhfilccp i9^fZi{- 
mufisr xaraaxHr, x&t rmira xgntovvtfg^' *EkXijTt9tt di, ftg ift 
^V TT^ray i|A^e^fy noXtr, letviijr i^nXanti^ofiBy. 'Eyda ftiv 
lolvvy iv/ofiut, Ttgiw jai/Ta inideh v<p' V[twy yivogifya, fiv^ 
glag ifti yt xnjet trjg yr^g igyviag yfwtff&m. Ktxt Vfuy da 
ovfji/iwXt VQ9, *^£XXfiyag oyifti, to7g rwy 'jf^X^v»y Ttgo^^T^' 
xoai Ttti^oftsvQvg nuga^&m rtiv Btxattuy rvyx«yeiy. *Edv 90 
^8 /iij dvyfjo&8 invTct, i5,««ip cfet adixBVftiyovg t^g yovy * liX-^ 
Xidog (ifi atigia^m, Kal vvy ft^i 9oxn, Ttifii^arttxg ^Ava- 
iifiiif tinny, * on 'ifitig ovdh flhtioy not^aorrfg nngtXtiXv'- 
^^afity tig r^t^ niXiyy ikX* ify ^er dtfytlifit&a nag* Vfiwy iya- 
*^o» TA twghxt0&^Hi ' fl di ft^r iXXu. IhiXtiaoywtg Vfiir, m 9» 
oix i^nuieifttyo^, aXXa nti&ofityw i^fg^^^^*** " 

Tai'tn tdoh * xa» niftTtovoiv *f(gmvfi»y re ^ItXt'ioy^ igovy- 
c« -fartm, xm MvgvXoxo^ ^Agxu^a, xal ^X^<Hmf *Axai6y^ 
Oi fiiy tana mx«rt» fgowrtt^. 

It'T* di xad^rn^irtay iw orgaitwto^y, ng^gigxnai, Kotga- » 
iddtj^ Sfjfialog, og oi <f*vy»y t^v *Jilkd9a nrgt^ti, aXXa 
9tgaiiiyimy, xal inayyiXXefteyo^ ft tig^ if noXig ^ tdvo^ 
^^ganiyov ^'of to * xal rm ngog$X^my tXtyey, on Iroi/ioc 



Ktq>. «'.] KtPOr ANABAJSnS. 185 

cTi; ^yeia&M aitols lig to Jilra xaXovfiivov r^g OQoxfig, 
tv&a nokXa xal aya&a X^ipotrto' tgre d' av ftoXmaiv, Big 
iq>&ovlav nuQi^fiv iq>tj xal aixa xal nora, 

^Axovovai Tavia oi otQatuiTah xal ra naga ^JyalifiUv 

« a^ia anayyiXXofisva ' antxqivaxo yaq, ort nsi&ofuvoig av- 
Tolg oi fiSTafiiXijaEi, alka xoXg t« oixoi, xiXtoi xavxa airay^ 
yBliiy xal aixog povXfvaoixo ntql avx^v, o xi dwaixo aya- 
^6v, *£x xovxov oi axgttxiwTa& x6v xs Koigaiudriv di^oV" 
xat axgaxfjyov, xal IJw xov xtijiovg anijX&ov. 'O de Koir- 

10 gaxadiig avvxi&sxai avxoig ug xr^v vaxsQaiav naQiata&ai 
inl xo axQuxiVfia, ^(av xal UQiia xal fiavxiv, xal aixa xal 
noia xj oxQaxi^. *£nBl d^ e^ijXdoy, o ^At^a^lfiiog bxUiob 
xag TtvXag, xal ixr/^vUt^, oxh ogxig ay aXm Bvdor Sv xmv 
axQaxioix^v, mnQaattat. Tjj d^ ' vaxtQaltf 6 Koigaxadfig 

15 fih extav xa is(fHa xal xov fidvxiv tixe, xal aXq>ixa (piqovxtg 
CiTToiTo avjf^ li'xoaiv avd(^tg, xal aXXoi olvov itxoatv avfgfg, 
xnl iXaiav xqiigt xal axogodmv dg ayi}^ oaov idvraxo /li- 
yiaxov q>oqxiov, xal aXXog xgo/ivutv. Tuvxa di xaxa^ifii- 
vog dg inl ddafjuvjiv, i&vtto. 

30 ZivofftHv ds, fjitxanffiipdfievog KXdavdgoy, ixsXivi oi dia- 
nQu^ah ontag (ig x6 xilxog xi ilgtX&oi, xal anonXtvaai ix 
Bviavxlov. '£X&aty da KXiaydgog, " MaXa fioXig,^* efptf, 
** dLaTtga^dficvog ^'xor* Xiyuy ydq "Ava^lfiiov, oxi oix imxr^- 
dtiov tVfj, xovg fiiv axgaxKoxag nXrialop sJvai xov xel^ovg, 

95 Ssvoipoiivxa di tvdov ' xovg Bviavxlovg di axaaid(etp xal no- 
vriQoifg tlvat ngog aXXi^Xovg ' ofimg di tlgiivah'^ €(pfj, ** ixi- 
XsvatVi si fiiXXoi avv iavx^ ixnX$lvJ* *0 flip ovv Zevo^r, 
aanaaofieyog xovg axQaxitaxag, clcro) xov xtlxovg anijsi avy 
KXioydgf^, 'O Si KoiQaxddjig xp flip ngtnij ^fiig^ oix 

to ixaXXiigsi, ovdi diBftixgriatP ovdiv xolg axQaxuoxaig ' x^ 

d* vaxtQaitf xa fiir iiQBia clonfxet aaga xov fiotfAOP, xal 

Koigaxddiig iaxttpavtaftivog, ig ^vawp' ngogtX&mw di 

TifiaoUiy o Jagdavtvg xal Niwv i ^Aaivaiog xal KXiwrn^ 

16» 



186 SEyo^/iTrrojB [BiS. j • 

i ^Oem*M«c at/or Xot^mu^ti, ni &vHrf tag •»/ nyn^o- 
91X0P ktiaaitf ytria&m niv m^tn^tntiwp iyalufitinf xm UQtla 



Tfimw 8i i ^Aawdlog nml ^^Unt^g i *Axnioq not ^(Xi}- 
0toq *Jxaihq noA Sai^d'inkriq h *Jx^ii>9 xot TtfiaaUtv o 
Ja^artvg iTtifitvaif t^ ar^fcru^ xai tig xtifiag tmw Sf^tpLwv 
ngotl&irttg, tag xuta Bviamtnf, im^aTontdtvovro. Kal 
oi at^arriyol itnaolaSoif, XXwvuq (kir %ai ^qwlanog nqog lo 
^v&fp^ flvuXofiepoi tt/9ty' tnu&t jro^ avrovg, nal tdaxt 
T^ fih Xnnot, rf dk yvraXxa. Pfimp 9i ng Xf^qovr^aw, 
oiofiipog, H vno uhixBdaifiorloig yiwoirro, nmnog av nqot- 
araym tov OTQatrvfionog' JSfiaalwf di ngov&vfiitto ni^ 
qav tig tr^t ^Aalacv ndXiy diaflvjvai, oiofievog ar ofxadc xa- !• 
rtX&ih. Kal ol ar^enttrtai ravra ipovXovro. Jiatqipo^ 
ftirov di TOV XQ^^^» noXXol wr OTQarttsTtiv, oi /ih ra 
onXa inodidofitroi xata jovg x^^ovg, aninXfor ug idvpav- 
to * ol di xal dtdivTtg [ta onXa xaxa rovg j^oifoi;;] ilg rag . 
noXiig xfXTtfiiyywro, 'Aya^fiiog d* ^otf^sv axovtap dia- se 
<p&ti^fieror to ar^nrevfia ' tovtnr yag yiyvofiivwp, mto 
fiaXiata ;|fa^^a(F^a» ^agva/iiiiiip. 

'AitonXiortt di Ava^i^h^ ix Bviavxlov awam^ *Aql^ 
^^QX^ ^ Kvilxiff dittdoxog KXtavd^i, Bviartiov [di"] 
i^fioarrig* iXiytro di oti x<n ravagxog diddoxog HuXog » 
Saop oi mxQilij i^drj tig *EXXi^gnovtov, Kal 6 *Ava^pioq 
t^ fttp ^Af^taxa^xP? iniatiXXn, onoaovg av tvi^oi iv BviartU^ 
tmp Kvqov atQatitarwp vnoXfXuftfiipovg, anodoa&ai * o di 
XUuwd^ ovdipa iifnqaxBh i^ no^ rot; xafiPinrtug id 9^ 



jr«<p. /?'.] KTPOT ANABA2:i2, 187 

gantvcv, oiTCifiQtav, xai aretyxdimv oixlet dix^a^m ' . jigl- 
axaqxog d' in ft fjX&t juxiata, ovx ^JtcxTTOw rer^axoatW 
amdoio, *Avn^t^iog di, ntuQanlfvoag tig Hn^ior, nifiitH 
nuQix tPagvujiaZor xara xa avyxtlfiBPet, 'O 6* imt ffa&BTO 
6*AQlaTaQX0V t« ^xorta tig Bviavrtor a^fiOOTijv, %al ^Ava- 
^ISiov ovxixi ravagxovvra, ^Arahifiiov fiiy '^fUXtia^, ngog 
^Agluxaqxov di ditngaTTtTo ra avTu mgl xov Kv^tiov atga" 
rsvfiatog, ahsQ xcu ngog ^Afoll^iOP, 

^Ex TOVTOV dri *AvaUPti>g, xaXiaag Sti^oqtwnoty xeleiiei 

10 nnari rixvfi xai fitjxcn^fj nXtvam inl to OT^erttVfia ug tot- 
XtOTU, xat awex^iv yt avto xal awa&^liHv iwr dtBa7ttt(^ 
fiivav wg av nXtloxovg HvrrfTat, xat naqayayovta tig ni^ 
giv&ov, dtapijSdittv tig i^r ^Aaiav oti rdxiara * xat dldttaiv 
avtta TQiaxoVTOQOV. xal iniaroXriv, xal avdqtt avfinifjinti, 

15 xtXsmovta jovg ntQiv&iovg mg rdxujra Stroipwrta ngonifi- 
tpai lotg Xmtoig inl to ojQaitvfia* Ka\ o itiv Stvoap^r 
duxnXtvaag iipixTtXiat inl to OTQaitvfia ' oi de aigan^Tat 
idetavTO '^dimg, xal tv&itg tinovio aofigvot, tig diajifiaofit-' 
vol ix trig 0Qaxtjg tig ttiv Aoletr. 

90 *0 di 2BV&fjgf axovaag ijxorta ndXiv Ztvwptavra, niftiftctg 
ngog avtor xara &dXaTray MfidooddtjV, idtixo Tijy argandr 
aysiv ngog kamoy' vniaxpovfitvog uvtm, o ti ^tio Xdywp 
ntiotip. *0 d' antx^lvaro avrta, on ovdtp oUr rt ttfj lov- 
Toiy yrriodai. Kal o fth javia axovaag ^/ero. Oi 

35 5* *'£XXrivtq, infl agiixovro fig JJigiP&ov, JVsW fiir anoand" 
aag, ioTQaronidtvauTO x^Q^S> Ct*'^ **? oxxaxocj/owf av^qm- 
novg' TO 5* aXXo OTQcijtvfta nay it tw avriji naga to tttxog 
TO 17*oit-&ltit¥ fjy, 

Mtja Tavta Zsvoqtmv (ih tngartt ntgl nXoit^r, ont»g ot» 

W rdxiata Siapaltv tig Tr,y ^Aatav. *Ev di rovr^ iquxofityog 
^AgtaTagxog, o ix BvSavtlov dgfioartig, tx^v dvo t^uj^ci^, 
ntnttofiiyog vto ^agrafidiov, totg tt ravnXriQOig iniZnB 
fi^ didyut, iX&tip t« inl to atgdttvfta, ilna toig atgauti^ 



188 SENO^JllSTOZ [BiS. Z'. 

waig, fill nt^aiova&tti lU t^^ *Aalap. *0 Si S^oqtmv tU- 
ytr, ** on *AyaU^iog ixiXtvat, xal fgii wgog tovto tntfuptv 
dvdddt." JlaliP d* ^uiQiinaQXOS fk^fP' ** Idva^fiiog fitp 
xolvw ovxiu ravagxog, fy^ dk tf^de a^fioajiig' u de iiva 
Vfiav Xrjif/o/iai iw jj OaXdrtfi, xatadvota," Tavta linav • 
«/cro lig to ttixog- T^ d* vojiqala fiijani/insTai xovq 
ar^TJiyovg xal lo/ayovg tov aTQauvfiarog. *'jldii di ovrwr 
7t(/6g Ti^ Tfc/6i, i^ayyiXXfi rtg ra Sfyotfwvri, on, tl tigtiai, 
avXkri<p&^atJah nal ij avrov Ti ntlcnat, ^ xal ^rnqva^difa 
7ia(}ado&iiatTau *0 di ixovoag xavxa, xovg fiev nQOTtifi^ 10 
ntjoii, avjog 6 (Intv, vxi 'dvoal xi flovXoixo, Kal ancA- 
^wy td^vixo, ti TtQoeiiv avx*a oi ^tol nuqdadai nqog 2>v- 
^ijy ayuv x6 axqdxevfia ' kfoga yaq ovre dia(ialv€iv da<pa- 
Xig ov, -xQtn(feig txovxog xov' xtaXvQpvxog ' ovt* lig Xtg^oyij- 
aov iX&div xuxaxXuQ^^vai i/iovXtxo, xal x6 axgduvfia dp l» 
noXXfi ananti ndpxuv yivia&ai} tp&a [^^] Ttd&tadai flip 
apuyxij x^ dxti agfAoai^, xtUp di inixydiiup oidip tfitXXtp 
i^HP x6 oxQaxfVfia, 

Kal 6 flip ifKfl xavxa b1x(p ' oi di aTgaxtiyol xal ol Xo- 
X^yol T^xovxtg naga xov ^Aqiaxdqxov, antiyytlXop, or* pvp 90 
uip aitUvai aq>dg xcXcvci, t^^ ddXifg di ^xstp * h&a xal 
d^Xij fiaXXop idoxH [tivai^ ^ ini^ovXr^. *0 ovp Stvoqmp, 
ditil idoxH xu Uga xaXa ilvai> xal kaviu xal t&I axgaxevfta^ 
XI, au(paXtig ngog JSbv&^p ispat, JtagaXa/iwp noXvxgaTfi X9 
A&fiPaZop, Xoxayop, xal naqa xap axgaxriyoip kxdaxov ap- 35 
dga, nXfiP naga Nitavog, ^ txaaiog inidxevsPf ^Xt'to x^q 
rvxTo^ inl xo JSfV&ov axgdxtvfia i^rixopxa axddta. *Enel 
d* iyyvg riaap avxov, inixvyxdpti uvgolg igrifioig, Kal xo 
flip ngmxop ^tro fitxaxfxmgrjxtpai not xop JSiv&tiP' in%l 
di ^ogv^ov xb i^a&txo, xal, arifiaipovxwp aXXriXoig xoip ntgl so 
SSiv&ijp, xaxifm&tp, oxi xovxov ipgxa xa Ttvga ngoxtxav^ 
fiipa itfj x^ 2tv&fi ngo xmp pvxxoipvXdxnp, on»g ol fiip 
ifvXaxtg fc^ og^Pto, dp xf axotsi opxtg, fjiii&* onov tier, ol 



Keg). /5'.] KTPOT ANABASIS, 189 

di nQogtorttg fiii Xay&avottv, iXla dia to (pwg xaraipctvHg 
thv • intl di j/a&iTO, Ttgoniiinei rov igfitiria, op ijiyxavBv 
^oir, %a\ untiv niltvH 2fv&ij, ort Stvotpuy nagtltj, fiov- 
Xofitpog avy/Bvia^ai avrto. Oi d i^^ovro, tl 6 A&fiv€Uog, 
A o «7io Tov atgaxBviA<xTO$. 'jSntidri d * lipij ovtog nvai, iva^ 
ntidrfVtxrtfg idlaxov ' xal oXlyop varfgor nagriudtr ntXra- 
oral *6aop diaxoaiot, xal naqahx^ovxtg Ssvo<ptivta xat rovg 
avv avjw, rjyoy ngog 2ivd^rpf, 'O d* t^r iv rvqan fUxXot {pv-- 
Xartofitvog, xal Xnnoi tkqI avrtiP xvxA^ tyxfxaXivoi/tivoi' 

10 dia yag top fpofiop rag fiip '^fiigag i^lXov roifg initLVg, Jotg 
di PUHiag iyxtxtt^'t'^f^i^oig itpvXdmjo. tXiytio yng xal 
ngoa&fp Ti'igtig, o lovtov ngoyopog, ip ravrp rji x*^9^» ^<^ 
Xv ix^oP argauvfia, vtto TOt'-rwy wp ap^gwp noXXovg uno- 
Xiaaiy xal ta axivo(f>6ga iqtaigt&ijpai' i^oap d* oi/ro* 

15 Ovpol, Ttapxtop Xsyofjitpo^ Hvai fiaXiaxa pvxiog 7toXt(Atxw^ 
rarot, 

^Jiml d* iyyvg r^aapy ixiXtvotP tlcfX&HP Stpotpolpxa, 
txopra dvot ovg fiovXoiro. *£7teid^ di Mop t^oery, ^crncrfov- 
To ffip ngmop aXXy]Xovg, xal xaia top Ogaxiop pofiop xc- 

M gara oVpov ngovnipop * nag^p di xal Mudooadrii tm Stv^ 
^pt ogntg ingiafifvty avra nmnoat. **Kniiia di Ztpoifwp 
rigx^ro Xiytip * ** "linf/Mipag ngog ifii, ^> SivO^fit tig XaXxti^ 
dova ngAiop MrfionadriP iovtopI, diofitrog fiov ovungodth- 
fiTj&iipai diafitipah lo aigdnvfta ix t^( 'Aalag, xal vnt- 

U oxvovfiipcg fioi, fl Tavta ngd^tufii, fv noi'^aup, wg tq>fi Mti- 
doaddtjg ovtooL** TavTa tiniop, in^gtro top Mi^douddrfp, 
H aXfi^^ xavx Cmip. *0 5' fyiy. **Av&ig r^X&f Mrfio^ 
addrfg ovrogt iml iy^ dii^rip ndXiP i6 aigduvfia ix Jla- 
giov, vmffx^ovfitpog, li ayoifii to argdrtyfta Ttgog ai, luX- 

M Xa li ys q>iXm fioi /pifoco^a* xcx* ad(X<pw, xal id inl S^a- 
XdiTji (Aoi x^Q^^f ^^ ^^ xgartXgt tata^ai nagd aov.*' ^Enl 
jovToig ndhp inrjgsjo MiidoaddffP, ti tXfyt ravia. *0 di 
avpi<pii xal tavra, " "l&i pvp," liffj, " aipiiyiiaai TOvr^> li 



190 SLNO^niSTOS [Bi6. Z\ 

001 anfx^ivdfiijv it Xakxrfiovt,^^ " JlQattov anex^iyta, on 
to OTffdrtVfia diafli^aotTO ti^ Bv^uvnov, x«t ovdiw rovrov 
ivtxa dioi tiXhv, ovre aoi, ovi €MlAa» * avtog ixtl duxfialTjg, 
aniivai lipriO^a' x«l iyipito olkfog, wgne^ av tXtytg." 
** 'It yuq tktyoVf* €(pfi, " 016 xaia JSrikv^fjiav aipixov ; " « 
** Oi* iiffia&a olov x dvai^ al£ tig JUiftiv&ov iX&onag 
diajSalyBip ilg Tijr 'Aoiav." " Nvv tolvvv" itfij 6 Zivo- 
9Mu>'i ** JtaQetfn xeec iyw nal ovrog ^Qvwiutcog, etg rwv OTQa- 
ttiywv, xal JJolvx^Jiig ovtog, ilg luiv Xqxaywv ' xal i^e» 
tlolv nno 7u»9 ojffatriy^p 6 niajoiarog kxaajta, TrJlijy JVcoj- 10 
vog rov Aaxotvixov, El ovr fiovUt, ntOTOje^ay Hvai T^y 
nQah^t xal ixtivovg xdltaov. Ta ds onXa av ^dav UTii, 
«i Holvxifaztg, on iyu xtXfvm xcttaXmur * xal avjog ixsi 
uaTaXinmy tt^y (idxatQar Btgid^i" 

Axovaag ravta 6 JStv&tig tiitEy, on ovdtvl av aniojij- u 
aufv A&t}val(av * xal yaQ on avyytvfig euv ddivai, xal 
q^[Xovg ivvovg cupi} yofil^uv* Mtxa lavia d^ intl lig^XO-or, 
ovg tdUf Jtifuitov Jeevo^wy inr^qno ^svd-fjv, o n diono 
Xgijo&ai TJJ ar^irrc^. *0 d iinty tads' " Maiaddtig ijp 
fioi nari^Q * ixilvov d^ rjy uqxv MiXavSltai, xal Owol, xal 90 
T^avltpai, *Ex xavrrig ow Tt^g jpoi^a;, ind xa ^OHqva^v 
nqnyfAoxa ivoatiaty, ixneomy 6 naxrlq, alxog fih ano&nq- 
axti roam ' iyu di iUxQdqufjv oqq>avog naqa Mfjdoxoif t» 
rvv fiaaiXii. ^Enil Ss rtavlaxog tytvofifiv, ovx idwdfitfy 
C^y* fig aXXoTQlav Tffdnfiav aTtojiXinotv ' xal ixad-t^ofitiv so 
ivdlipqiog avT^ ixixvig, dovval fioi, onoaovg dwaxog iifj, 
uvSgac, ojttitg xal xovg ix/faXoviag rifidg, tX xi- dvvalfirpf, 
xaxcy Ttoiolriv, xal Sbjrjy, fit) tig xijy ixtivov xqantiav ano- 
fiXimav, tagntq xitav, 'jKx xovxov fioi dldiaai 'XOvg uvdqag 
xal xovg HixTTovg, ovg vfitlg otf/ta&t, intiddv tifiiqa yivtftai, OA 
Km vvv iya £« xoviovg fx^v, Xtfiiofityog T^y ifiavxov na~ 
XQfiav x(^qotv. El di fjiot VfitUg nagayivoiad-t, oifiai av aw 
xolg d^to7g ^aditag anoXa/Stiv xr^v ag^'l^' Tavx iaxlp, a 
iya V/Atjv dLOfiau" 



K$<p. /'.] KTPOT A1SABA2I2. 191 

" Ti ow Sv" tifnfi o Stvoq>ar, " aif 9vvaio, ei tX&oifitr, 
tfi TS GTQa*itf didorui xal loiq Xoxayoig xal roig aiqactri- 
yoig, Xc'lov, %va ovtoi ana/ytiXiaatv" O de vniaz^o t» 
fiiv axqaimxri Kv^ixi^vov, tw di Xoxay^ dtfioiQlav, ta da 
ft arqaxriY^ itxqafioiffiav' %a\ yifv, onoariP av fiovltovrai, 
xffi J^evyrf, xal x^^Q*'^ ^^^ ■&aXdTrfi ttTeixtafiivov, "'jip 
d " tipri Sivoq>^y, " Tatrta nngaafisvoi fiti dianfid-' 
^mfitv, aXXd Ti; q>6jiog ano Auxsdatfiovlmp fi, 8i$tj Big T^r 
oavrov,av rig fiovXr^jai aniivai ngog ai;"^'0 d^ tins' 
10 " Kai adBXq>ovg ye non^aofuti, xal ivditpqlovg, nait xoivfo- 
voifg dndrnop, av av dvvti/iB&a xrtjaaa&ai. 2oi d\ to 
SBVoq^f %ai ^vyaxiqa dtaata, xai bX rig aol iaxi ^vydiriqy 
aytfoo/iai OgaxU^ vofnf^ * xat Biaar&rpf oixrjatv dwam, Sne^ 
ifioi xdXkunov jta>^/oy iati toiv inl &aXdrtrj" 



KsfdXaiov y. 

ift Idxovaarttg ravra, xal dB^tdg dovtfg xal la/SovTBg, am^- 
Xawov, xal tkqo rifiigag iyhovxo inl r^ aiQaioniiimy xal 
amiyytiXav Bxaatoi loig nsfupaaiv. J^nfl de 'qfiiffa iyivB- 
TO, fiev *AQiaja^x^g ndXiv ixdXei tovg urgairjyoifg xal Ao- 
Xayovg ' toig d ' i'dois T^y fih nQog IdglaTagxov odor idaai, 

90 TO de argdiBVfia avyxaXiaai, Kal awjjXd-or ndrrrg, nXijy 
oi Nitavog ' ovxoi 8s dnelxov wg dixa arddia* '£nsi 8a 
awfjX&ov, avaaxag ABvoqtbiv sins jdSe ' " *!Av8g(gf ^ta- 
7xX(7v fiiVf BV&a fiovXofiB&a, AglaxaQXog. o8e, rgii^QBig ^oir, 
xuXvBi' max Big nXola oix naq>aXBg iii^aivBiv' ovxog 8e o 

9ft avxog Big XBQ^ovrfOov xbXbvbi fiia 8id tov Ugov ogovg no^ 
qtVBodai ' 7iv 8i, xgaTrjaavtBg jovrov, ixelae tX&wfiBr, ovte 
moXf^iftiP BXi q>7ialy vfiug, ugnfg iv Bviavrm, ovxe Hana- 
ttjoBO&ai cri vfidg, alXd Xi^ipta&ai ftiaOor [fidXXoif], ovxe 
nBgidipBO&at en, wgneg vvvl, iv8tofiivovg luv imTfi8Blur. 



192 SENO^JITTTOZ [Bt6.Z\ 

OvTOf iiiv tavxa tiyu * JStv&tjg di iptimv, Sv n^ rxiivw 
Tijrt, ftr VMTjoeiv vftiig. Nvr ovv axitffua&f, noit^ow dr~ 
SadB ftdvoritg rovio fiovUvata&t, tj fig ta imirfifta ina- 
vtX&ovTfg, *£fiol fiiy ovv doxtl, inu h&adz ovtb a^/v- 
Q10I9 fx^fi^, MCTTS uyof^a^tiv, ovtb av(V a^yvffiov i^iat lafi- A 
fitiyHP Tee intti^dsia, inatuX&oyrag tig tag xm/iog, o&iv oi 
fjiTOvg iwti ittfilidvtiw, ix$i ix^vrag ra inniidfia, [xall 
ixovorritg, S t( rig Vftmp detrm, aiQtlc&at, o Tt av Vfup 
Soxy xftutiarov tJyai. Kal 01^" Bfpti, " tauta doxti, aqn- 
rw i^y jffZ^tf." *Avixuvav anetvteg, " Idmotftrg xolrvr/' 10 
Itgpijf "avaxtvttita&B, xal iittidir naqayytilfi tig, tJiBo&e 
Ty ^yovfiinp." 

Mtta tAVTO Xeyofpmy fiiv ^yiiro, oi d* ttnovto. Nimf di 
xal nn^a Aqiaxaqxov alXoi inei&ov anoTginta&ai ' oi 9b 
ovx vni^novov. ^End de oaov tQiaxovta aradiovg nQOfXr}^ 16 
Xvd'taay, aitayrtf 2fv^fig» Kal 6 Zfyoipwy Idanf avroy, 
nQogtXautti ixiXtvaty, onmg oti nXtlaray axovovrwy itnoi 
avTiiif u fdoxn avfiq^igtiv. *E7til ds ngogrjX&iy, tinty 6 
Zfyoipwy ' " 'jlfiBig Jio^BVofiB&a, oJtov ftiXXti to arQarn'/ia 
i^ny tQogn^y * ixil di uxovortBg xal aov xal t^y tov Aaxm- 90 
VMov, alQTiao/AB&a, a ay xgauata doxjj tJyai, Jly ovy ^fuy 
Vyi^a* onov nXHatd iaiiv 4nnrfitia, vno aov voftiovfiiy 
iltylaf^aiy Kal 6 ^f i/d-17; (Jntv ' " 'AkXd olda xtiftag noX- 
Xag tt&^ag, xal ndyia ix^vaag xd inixrfiiiat unrxovaag 
rifAOiy Suoy ditX&oyifg dy "^diotg dgiaii{t7jxt" " *///ov xoL- aa 
vvy," tipti 6 Sivotpiay. Knti di ttq>ixovro lig avxdg xijg 8fl-' 
Xtigt avyiiX&ov oi axf^armxai, xal tinB JSiv&ijg xoidUB * 
" ^Ey(Of 61 dvdQtg, diofiai Vfjuy aiQaxsviad-at avy ifiol ' 
xal vniaxyovfiai Vfiiy [xov juijvop] d(oa$tv Kviixtiyov, Xoxa- 
yolg Ss xal argaxij/oig xd vofii^ofitva ' tlta dk rqvxwy, xoy SO 
ulioy xtfii^aa * alxa di xal -noid, wgnrg xal vvy, ix xljg /w- 
gag Xafi^dvoyxsg t^fXh onoaa di ay dUuxt^xai, a^MMircn 
aiiog txtii^, iva xavxa diaxi^ifiBrog vfiix xop fua&op no» 



Ki(p. /.] KTPOr ANABASIS. 193 

ixavol iaoft£9n ^loix8^v nixl fiaarfveip' ^v di rtg avOloTti^ 
rat, avv Vfitv netgaaofis&a /ri(»ot;(j^(X£." 'jini^Qno Sfvo- 
q>t>v * ** JIoGov di ano S^aXdnrig a^ieioHg ovwinBo&al aoi 
ft TO atgauvfia ;** *0 6* anexglvtno' " Oifdofti} nXuov iTiree 
^fAtQtiv, fttior di yioXXaxfi'" 

Mna tavra ididoto 'kiyttv t^ flovXofi$v<^' xal tXfyov 
noXiot xara tnvra, on naytog af|ia Xi/ot Stv&ing * x^i^oiv 
yrtq tXr^y xal ovt8 otxadi inonXtiv rm fiovXofiina dvraxov 

10 Btrit diaytvixf&m tt h (piXla oi^ o'tov t' tV^ h diot dvov^ 
[livovg it^v* iv di ijj noXifUct diaxqlfluv xal iffiq^fo&au 
iaqtaXiattQOP fista Stv&ov, ij fiovovg, oyrcur aya&ioif to- 
aovjwV ti di fjtia&ov ngogXi^iffOivTo, tvgtjfia idoxn tlym. 
'jiTtl rovTotg tine Ztvo^mv ' ^' £t rig avrtXiyth Xtyirm ' d 

l» di fii^, iTtiifiriquiirta ravra." ^£ntl di oidiig artiXtytv, 
inttpiitfiist, xal i'doU raika. Ev&vg de Ssv&t] djttVf on 
avargartvaotvro avrot. 

Mna ravra ol fiiv aXXoi xara rdUig iax'^vriaav ' ar^ut" 
rriyovg di xal Xoxayovg inl dunvov Stv&rig ixdXfOf, nXn^ 

90 alov xotfitjv f^eov. JUnn d inl ^vgatg r^aat, tog inl dnTnov 
naftiotifc, rjv rig 'f/^axXtldrig MaQfatvdrrjg ' ovrog ngogttav 
irl ixrxtfTO), ovgritag tSero tx^iv n dovvai Sivd-j], n^^iov 
fiiv TtQog naqiavovg rirag (oV nagijaar q>iXiav di«iiQa^6(A9^ 
voi ngog Mr^doxov, rov Odgvativ paaiXia, xal dwoa liyov- 

M rtg aurfiJ ti xal rjj yvraixl,) fXfytv, ** on Mt\doxog fiiv avu 
tVrf dtudtxa 'SjfifQwy dno &aXdrTfig odov Sfv&f}g di, inst- 
dt] TO orgaTBVfia rovro ii'Xr,q>tr, agx^^ tooiro ^nl ^nXdrrrf 
rdrtav avv wr, ixavwrarog tijtai Vfidg xal ev xal xaxtng 
noiHV' riv ow oviq>Qovijrt, rovrta daioirt, o ri aytre' xnl 

SO afjstvor Vftlv diaxdatrai, t; ^av Mrjdoxtj^ ra nqoata oixovt^t 

deiu" ToVTOvg giiv ovrtag ensi&ev, Av&ig di Tifiaolwv^ 

T^ Aagdavn nQogfX&mv, intl rixovit avn^ dt^at xal ixnta* 

flora xal rdnidag fiagjiagixug, tXtytv, ** on vofilioiro, onirt 

17 



104 SENO^IINTOZ \Bi6. Z\ 

M ^thtpw uaXiaai JSlev&fig, dw^tla&ai avr^ rovg xXii&ir" 
lag' ovTOi d ^y (idyag iv&udi yivr^iai, ixarog kctai as 
ftal otttadn xarayuytiy, xal iv&ddB nXovaiov noi^aaiJ' 
Tbiavra nQOVfirato, ixaarijf nifoqifav, UffogiXdtiP di xal 
Stroipwrth tXtys ' " 2if xal nokeotg fityUntig il, xal naqa 
2tv&fi TO aov opofia fiiyiaroy iaji * xal ir t^d§ r/f x^Q^ 
taag a^tmoBig xal Tt//^ Xafifiavtiv, ^gntQ xal alloi tup 
Vfuri^p ikafiop, xal Z^ffOP ' altov ovp ooi xal fiiyaXonqt- 
niaxaja xifi^uai ^vd-tjv. Evpovg di aoi wp naf^aivA ' tv 
olda yoQ, on ooi)^ up fttl^a tovtwp dtoffi^afi, roaovii)^ fitlito 10 
vno roviov aya&a nelaji" [dxovwp raika o £tvo(pwp, 
^n6(fH ' ov yag Siafiffii^xH fx^p ix Tlaqlov n ftii naida xal 
ooov iffodiop, 

^JSntl 9i eigv^^^ ^^^ ^^ dtiTtPOP twp t« Oq^xup oi xqu- 
TiOToi xmp [totc] naQOPWP, xal ol ar^tfiyol, xal ol Xoxa- u 
yol TUP *JiXXiivmp, xal et rig ngtafitla naQtjp uno noXifog, to 
dtinvop fiip r^p xad-rifiipoig xvxXi^ * tnttra di jqlnodtg figi}- 
pixO^floop naaip' ovtoi 9* f^aap xQitip fitatol piptfififispfap, 
xal u(fToi (v/uiTfft fifyaXoi nQogntniffOPtiftipoi ijaay ngog 
Tolg xgiaai. MaXiara da ai TQuntZai xaxa rovg ^ipovg ad 90 
irldePTo' POfiog yag r^y. Kal ngmog tovto inolu Stv- 
S-tjg' aveXofitPog rohg naqaxnfiipovg aii^ agrovg, diixXa 
xaxa (itxQOP, xal ditQQiTnsi, olg aix^ idoxti' xal xa xqia 
(ugavxag, oaop fiovop ysvaaa&ai kavx^ xaxaXmiav. Kal oi 
aXXoi ds xaxa xavia inolovp, xa&* ovg ai xgdntiai Bxtipxo. so 
*AQxag di xig, 'Agvaxag oPOfia, ffayup dttpog, x6 flip diag^ 
^iTneip sta jt^ac^fiv, Xafiiap 8i tig xt^p JifcT^a oaop xgtxoiptxop 
agxop, xal xgia ^ifitpog inl xa yovaxa, idsinpsi, Kigaxa 
di otvov TifgiiiffQOP, xal ndrttg idixopxo' o d* \Agvaxag, 
intl Ttag* avxop ipigoup xo xigag 6 oipoxoog fiXBP, tlntp, Idtop 80 
xop AtPOipapxa ovxixi diinvovvxa, '* .Extlpw" ttpij, *^ dog* 
axoXditt yuQ ^Jj?, iyfo d* oSnnJ^ 'Axoiaag o SSiv&rjg xifp 
<papijp, ^gma TOP oXpoxoop, xl Xiyoi. *0 di olpoxoog 



K$<f>./.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 195 

(Ijtfv' UkriviiBiv yaq r^niaiaxo. *Ertav&a uev d^ yiXug 
i/iptro. ' 

*M7i(l di nqovxfaqit o norog, dgilX&tv avrjg d^ol, Xnnov 
ly^cuv Xivxoy ' xal Xapmv xigag fisarov, una * " tlqonlvon 
aoiy 01 2iv&fiy xttl Tov Xnnov tovtov donQOVfiai, iq>^ ov xai 
dioHxtop, ov UP e&iXjjg, aiqriosig, xal aitoxfoq^p oi firj diiarjg 
Toy TioXi/iiov,** *jiXXog, nalda cl^a/a/iuy, ovxag ddmqi^attxo 
TtQonlptav, xal aXXog ifiuTia tff yvvaixL Kai TifJiaaio}v 
nqoniviav idmgj^aono q>idXrjv js aqyvQuv xal jdnidu a^lar 

10 dixa fivu}V, JViJcrtTiwoff di ng Id&tjvalog dvaaxag tinsv, 

- ** or* agxaiog iliy vofAoq xaXXiaxog, Tovg fih fxovxag diduvm 
Tw paaiXti Tiftrjg iPBxa ' xoig ds firj tx^vot didopat top jSa- 
aiXia ' %pa xdym** ttpij, " aol tx^^t doiqstadai xal u/idv,''^ 
O de Zevo<f>£v TtitOQHTO, o Ti Ttoii^aoi ' xal yaq itvyxavtv, 

15 log Ttfioififpog, iv i^ nXtiaiuudna di(fg(^ JSsv&ij xa&ijfiivog, 
*0 di 'llqaxXtldug ixiXtvazv avi^ to xigag ogi^ai top oivo- 
Xoov, O di ABV0<paiv, ijdti yaq vnonBntoxwg hvyxavtv, 
dviatij, &ttQqaXi()i)g df^dfitvog to xigag, xal ilnsv' " ^Eydi 
di aoi, (0 2SV&1J, didwfjii ifiavtop xal rovg iftovg roviovg 

SO kialgovg, ifiXovg iJpai niaxovg * xal ovdiva uxovxa, aXXa 
ndvrag (idXXop hi, ifiov aol jiovXofiivovg q>iXovg tipat, Kal 
vvp ndgtiaiv oidiv as ngogaitovpifg, alXd xal ngolifiivoi 
xal nopiiv vniq aov xal nqoxivdvPtVHV i&iXovxfg ' fii&* 
lay, UP ol '&(ol ^iXaait noXXrjv x^(f^^ ''h^ h^^ dnoXi^iffjj, 

S5 naiQiaav ovaav, Trjv di xxi^ajj ' noXXoitg di Xmtovg, noXr- 
Xoi/g di urdgag xot* yvpalxag xaXag xxriajj, ovg oi Xrfiifad-at 
dti^vti, dlX* avtol ipigovrtg naQsaonai ngog ai dugou" 
Kal o ^tvd-tjg apaaxag avpB^init xal avyxaxtaxfddaaxo 
fitx* uvxov TO xigag. Msxa xavra Hg7JX-&op xiqaai xi, oXoig 

SO arjfialvovaiv avXovvxtg, xal aaXniyliP (afio/^oi'vatg, gv&fiovg 
Te xal olov fiayddi aaXniiovxtg. Kal avxog ^v&t^g apa- 
axag arixgays te noXtfitxov, xal i^i^Xaxo, ^gniQ fliXog <pv- 
XuTTOfisvog, fidXa iXaipg^g* Elgjjtaap di xal ytXmxoTtoioL 



I9e SENO^JINTOS [B^. Z\ 

"Jig 6* fjp ijliog inl dvaftaig, ariat^aaif oi "Elitiprg, xa2 
tlnov, on wffa ijdri rvKTOffvXaxag xu&iatayai, xal uvrd^tffta 
nagadidovai, Kut Stv&nv ixiX^vov na^ttyytileu, onatg 
(Ig ra JUXltivixa ar^tontSa ftiidilg juv &Qa*t»v tXgtiai 
vVHJog * *' Oi re yaq Ttoli/iioi O^axeg vfttv, xal ^fut^ ol ipUau" ft 
*Jlg d ' i^ijfanv, avvaviarfi 6 JSiv&tig, ovdip n fiB&vovri iot^ 
xwg. *Ji^fX&wy d' (Jntv, avrovg tolg aiQaxr^yovg aJtoxa- 
Xiaag' " 'Si avd^tg, oi noXi/itoi -^(ivw oix taaal n» r^r 
VfifTtQUP avfifiaxiav * iljy ov¥ iX&mfuy In' avrovg nfflv (pu- 
Xd^aa&at, wgxe (Atj Xtiqt&tivtti, ij TtttQaaxivaaotadai, ngrs lO 
. afivvaad^ai, fiaXiara ay Xjafioifiiv j^f^jj^arnr xai ay&gianovg,*' 
Swfnyovy ravra ol axQaitiyol, xal ^ytia^ui ixiltvoy. 
*0 d' tine ' " IlaQaaxivaaafAeyoi ayafityeiTB * 4ym d\ oJio- 
Tttv xaigog fi, ^|w na^* Vfiag ' xal tovg ntXtamag xal Vfiag 
ayrtXaflwv, "^/rjaofiai avy xolg '^coi;." Kal 6 Seyoq>iiy ift 
tins' "JSxitf/at tolyw, ttntg yuxtog nogBvaofit&a, ti o 
'j^XXriyixog rofiog xtikXtoy ix^i' fitd-* ^fit^ay fiiy yaq iy xalg 
no{fUnig viytixat xov arQtmvfiaTOg, onoioy itl n^og T^r 
XMfiay avfiq>iQH, idy re onXinxoy, day ts TifXiaarixoy, day 
Ti Innixoy ' yvxrag 8b voftog loXg "nXXtjoly ioriy r^yua&ai 90 
TO liQadvTttToy* ovTOi yaq rixiaxa diaanarai xa argai^v-' 
fiaxOf xal i^xiaxa Xav&ayovaiy aTtodtdgaaxoyxtg aXXi^Xovg' 
oi di diaanaa&iyxfg noXXdxig xal ntgtninxovaiv dlXt^Xoig^ 
xal dyyoovyxtg xaxwg noiovai xal ndaxovaiy" EiTxty ovv 
Stv&rig' "'Ogdcig xt Xtyexs, xal [f/w] t^ yofia tw vj«€- a* 
Te^^ nfiaofiai. Kal vfuy fiiy t}yf(i6vag Staaoif xoiy nqn- 
apvxdxoty xovg ifAizeiQordxovg xtjg x^Q^^* avxog, 6 i(pi\ffO(im 
xtXevxalog, xovg Xnnovg $x^^' "^"X^ 7^9 Ttgojxog, ay dttj, 
naQsao/iai, JSvv&fjfia di [Trotov^ofi]/* tlnty, *' 'dSijvaicty 
xaxa T^v avyyiyuavy Tuvx^ tinovxtg aytnavovxo. M 

'jivlxa 6* -^v dfiq)l (liaag vvxxag, nagijy ^v&tig, ^wi' 
xovg inniag xs&oigaxiafjtivovg, xal xovg ntXxaaxag avy xo7g 
OTtXotg, Kal ind nagidtoxB xovg ^^yigiovag, oi fiiy onXXxa^ 



Ki<p./\1 ^ KTPOT ANABA2I2. 197 

fl/ovvTOf oi de neXjaaTal tinovto, oi ds InntTg tanui&oqnH 
Xaxovv, Esiil di tifiif^n r^Vf 6 Ji^tvd^tig TiaQrfXavvev tig to 
nQoa&tv, xal inf/veas xov *±lkfivix6v vofiov' noXXdxig yuQ 
ifprj vvxTWQ avTog, xal avp iXlyoig noQSVoiJitvog, anoona^ 
ff a&ijvai uvv xdig Xnnotg ano xwv ntioiv * vvy di, wgnfQ du, 
a&(f00i TtdyjBg agjia ijj fifii^a q)aiv6fis&a. AXX Vfitlg fiip 
Ttfqifiivtih avTov, xal avanaveaO'S ' iydi di axtipdfzivog ta 
ij5w." TavT tinfav ilXuws ^^* OQOvg odov riva Xafiur, 
End d a<pixtTO tig /ioya nokX^v, ioxiipaxo iv -tij odta, tl 

10 till tjpfti av^Qwinuv rj n^oaw fiyovfitva, rj ivavria, *E7ttl 
di at^ifitj ito(fa i^v odov, ijxs rnxv ndXiv, xal eXtyt ' ** Ka- 
Xag, CD uvdQtg, latai, iav &t6g ^iXrj ' rovg yag av&giunovg 
Xi^aofitv inintaovug. 'AXX' //(u (liv '^yi^aofiai tdlg Xnnoig, 
onojg, dv xiva XdatfitVy fit} diaq)vyoiV ar}fii^vu xoig noXffiloig ' 

15 vfiflg d * tJita&s ' xdv Xti(pdijit, tw aiifi<fi twv Innfov tnt^ 
adt * vntgpdvjtg di id ogrj 7J$o^uev tig [rag] xtafiag noXXdg 
T8 xa\ tvdaifiorag" 

*IIvlxa di Tjv (lioov ^fiigng, tjdri re ijv inl xoig dxgoig, 
xal xaudwv xdg xtuftag, rjxty iXavviav nqog xovg onXitag, 

SO xal tXtytv ' " *A{pi^a(*i ijdri xaxa&tlv xovg fiiv inmag tig 
x6 Ttfdiov, xobg di ntXraajag inl xdg xetfiag, AXX tnea&9 
wg dv dvvTia&s xdxtoxa, onwg, dv xig v<piOTi)xai, aXi^ria&eJ* 
'Axovaag xavxa 6 At>oq>div, xaxi/iri dno xov Innov. Kal 
og fjgtxo' " li xata^ali'ttg, intl anttldttv dti ; '* ** Olda/' 

35 ifpij, ** oxi ovx i(xov fiovov ditj * oi d^ onXlrai -^axxov dga^ 
(lovvxat xai ijdLov, dv xal iynt nt^og rjywfiaiJ* 

Mtxd xavxa ^ix^to, xal Ttfiaaiav fAtx avrov, ^jfwy In- 
niag cjg xixtagdxovxa xoav ^EXXt'fvmy. Zevoip^v di Trcr^ij/- 
yvfiut xovg tig xqidxovxa txr\ nai^uvat ano xtav Ao/oir eu- 

SO l^iavovg. Kal aviog fiiv irgox'tit xovxovg. txtor * KXtdvaiQ 
di tiytXxo xbiv uXXmv 'EXXT{Vtav, Enil d* iv xalg x<Ofiaig 
fiaav, 2iv&r^gt ^uv oaov XQidxovxa Inniag, nqogtXdaaq ti- 
nt' '* Tadt di^t i SBvoq>^v, a av tXtytg* txovxa^ ol ii^ 
17» 



198 gENO^JlNTOS [BiS.Z. 

^qvtnoi' ilXa yaq o! innug B^fioi otxovtoU /loh SlXog 
aiXu ditixmr* ^xal didotxa, fitj avarawrtg ad^oi nov xtaior 
Ti iiiyaavtvxai ol noXifuoi, Jtt di xal iv laig xfaftaig xa- 
TOfUPHp Tirag '^ftvp * fitaral ya^ tlaiv av&^7stivJ* ** *jt3X 
iytt lUvy^ tipff o Zti^aqt^p, " aw oig ^«, %a axqu xarcdif- i 
yfOfiai ' aif di KXtavo^a KcXcva 9m tov ntdlov naQOTHPat 
T^p vpukuyyu na^ lag ntifiag" *Entl di ravra inoii^ 
aery, avrtikla^Haaw ardQanoda fiiv wg j(f£Uii, fiotg di 
digxUioh xal aXXa nf^ofimtm fiVQUU JCai Tort /liv avrov 
ilvlladrfOttp, It 



T^ d* vartgal^ xaiaxawjag o ^v&t^g rag xwfiag nttv- 
rtlugf, x€d ovdtfjUav oixlap Untcv, oiwg q>6(iov h&klin xal 
xoig aVioig, oia nilaovrai, ar fiti nti&uviai, anffti ndXiv» 
Kal tfjv fiiv ktiap aniitffjupt dunl&ta&ai 'll^axludp tig 
nif^iv&oip, ontig fiia A-og yivoixo loXg aiqaxuaxaig ' aviog di is 
xal 01 "iiXXiiPfg i9T(faxontdtvoyio ova to Ovvwv ntdlov. Ol 
d* ixUnoyxtg, Biptvyor tig xa o^ij. 

//y di ;pii»y nMti, xal iffv^^g oviwg, wgxt to vdwg, S 
Hpiqwno inl dtlitroif, intfyvvxo, xal o oiro; [6] dp xoig ay^ 
ytloig, xal x&p *£Xkrivmv noXXav xal fivtg antxaiovxo xal 30 
Q»Ta. Kal TOTS drjlop iyii'exo, ov tvtxa ol Of^axtg xag 
iXonTttxidag inl xoig xtipaXalg ipogovai xal xoig lial, xal 
Xtxwpag ov fiovop niQ* xoig axEQPOig, aXXa xal ntgl xoig /u^- 
.^oT^*"xa« i'lgng fiix^i Xtap nodmp inl x£p innuv ^ovoi!', 
aXi ov xXafivdag. 'Aqutlg di xap aixfiaXtoxav 6 ^v&tjg ilg s» 
xa o^, iXfytp,^ oxh $1 fiti xaxapr^aovxai olxriaovxtg xal nti- 
aopxai, oxi xaxaxavoti xal^xovxmp xag xwfiag xal xop al^ 
tov, xal anoXovpxai xw Xifi^. *£x xoviov xaxiflatvop xal 
yvpoixtg mml naidis xail ol ngtafivxtgo^' ol di ptmt^ h 



Kt<p. d\] KTPOT ANABASIS. tW 

xaig vno lo ogog xwfiaig rjiXKo^^o. Ka) o Stv&fi^ xaxtt^ 
fiti&wv, ixiXsvas tov Siyoqj^rta xmv onXiTuv ravg vtmei-' 
Tovg InjSovia avvBni<Fnda&ui, Kal avavTavrfg t^ vvxiog 
afjia rf} ^(lign na(ifiaai' ilg rag ycifieig ' xal oi fiiv nlttinoi 
A ilifpvyov ' nkfiaiov yuQ tjv to ogog ' ooovg 9$ tXa^, Hatri-' 
novuaev aipudaig 2tv9iig. 

^EfJiiQ&ivtig ds ijv Ttg *Olvv&iog, nmlk^airfi, og ISwv 
naXov naida ^(Jduxovra agri, ndXitir fx^^^**f fAslXovra ana- 
(^vr^axuv, nQogdQUfifoy Ssvofpwvra Ixixtvs ji&ti&ijij«i TiaiSl 

10 xoXm, Kal 6g nQoctX&iiiy tw Siv^ji dsiTai, firj anaxi^ivui 
tov Ttalda * xal rov Eniad-ivovg ditj/Hjai top x^^nov, xai 
on Xoxov 3TOT6 avvtXf^otjOi axovwy ovdev aXXo, ^* c» tivtg 
ilev xnXoi * xal fieia jovratv riv ayr,Q a/n&og. 'O de Ssv~ 
^fig ifQSTO' ** // xal i&iXotg ay, (o Enla&ivfg, vnig toiJ- 

15 TOV ano&avtlv ; ^* *0 ^8 flnfy, avaxtiyag lov jfidxfjXoy^ 
" IlalB, (i xiXsvsi 6 natct x«« fiiXXu /«^ty udivah,^^ *Enri' 
QBJO 6 Sfvdijg Toy nalda, ft nalatisy aitoy ivrl 4xdvov. 
Ovx lYa o nalg, aXX ixinvs [irfii tJtqov naxaxalyeiy, Ev^ 
invd-a drj o Enia&iytig, nrQiXafliav roy natda, Amy* 

90 **"fLqa aoi, m Siv&rj, nf^l tovdt /moi dinfitij^teSai' ov yaq 
(it&fjooi TOV naida,** *0 ds Stv&tjg y(Xwy, lavra piiy (ta * 
idoU y avT^ aviov avXtodijvat, iVcr futj in tovwvfy %wy nur- 
f4oiv oi inl tov ogovg T(fi<poiyTO. Kal avxog fiiy 4v t^ Tie- 
di<^ vnaxaTttPag iox^yov ' Sfvoqmy di, fXMV tovg iniXi* 

35 xTov^, iy rf] vno to ogog avouidiw ^fffifj ' xal oi aXXoi^JiXXtj^ 

vtg iy loig oguvoig xaXovfiivoig OgaXl nXr^aioy KCfTcaxiffijaat'. 

*Ex TOVTov fifAiqai oi noXXal disTgljSovxo, xal oi ix iqv 

oqovg Ogaxfg, xarajiulyovTsg ngog toy Stvd^rjy, ntgl Oftt]-' 

gtay nal anovdmy dun^uTToyTo, Kal SByoq>wy 4X^fay tXrys 

so T^t Stvd^rj, on, iy noytigoXg loJioig axf}V(fsy, xal nX^aloy 

thy oi noXifttoi ' ^'^loy d ' ay e^w avXlifo&at ciqpi} eV ix^go7g 

[dy] x^gloig ftdXXoy, rj iy ToTig artyyoig, cS^tc anoXdo&ai. 

*0 m ^a^^siy ixiXtvt, \xal tdei^tv oiJtfigovg ma^intig ovr^. 



200 SENO0JINTO2 [Bi6. Z\ 

*EdiovTO di xal rov Sfvoffwytog xaxaftalrortig uvBg rwy ix 
jov OQOvg, avfinf^a^ai aipliU ra^ anovdag. *0 d* wuolo/si, 
xal ^a^^tiv ixiXiVt, xal '^yyvato (iridetf avTovg xaxov ntl^ 
ata&ai nH&ofiivovg JSiv&n. Ol d' Sf^a xavxa ikt/ov xa^ 
taaxonijg trixa, • 

Tavra fiiv riig ^fiigag iyivno * dg di r^y imovaav vvxxa 
imxl&Mvxai il&ovttg ix tov OQOvg oi OwoL Kal ^ytftur 
fih ffv 6 dtanoTiig kxdaitig xijg oixlag * jtfaXcjrov yoiQ r^v aX" 
lug tag oixiag axoiovg ovjog dpiVQlaxtir iv lalg xa/iaig' 
xal yd^ ai oixiui xvxA^i mffitaiav^rto /itydXoig arav^oig lo 
ToDy ngopdtuv lytxa. Entl d* iyivovio xard tag 'd^vgag 
kxdoTOV TOV olxi^ftaxog, ol ftiv elgtixorxiiov, oi ds xoXg axv^ 
xdXoig ifiaXXov, a tj^nv fq>aaav, tug anoxotffovxfg xwv dogd- 
T»y xdg Xoyxag ' oi di ivtnlfinQaaay * xal ZBvofjmna ovo- 
fiaaxl xaXovrxegt ihovxa ixiXivov dnodyr^axuv, ij aixov ift 
tipaaay xataxav&i^ata&ai aixov. 

JCttl ijdtj T$ did rov OQ6q>ov iapaivixo nvq, xal irtB&WQa" 
xiofiivoi oi nf^l Sivoqmvxa tvdov r^oav, danidag xal fia- 
Xaiqag xal xgdnj fxovxtg' xal JSiXavog Maxiaxiog, ixoiv 
[iidii wgl oxxatxaldtxa ^v, ai^fialvti xj adXniyyi' xal tv- 30 
^t*; ixnrfdataiv ioTxaofiivoi ra ^iiptj xal oi ix xuiv uXXtav 
axfivtofidxmv. Ol di Oqaxig <pBvyovaiv, oignfQ drj xQonog 
i}v aixo'ig, oma&tv ni(fi§akX6fAkvoi xdg niXxag' xal avxar 
vnf(faXXofiiroiv xoifg axavQOvg iXi^fp&iiadp xiveg xqcftaad-iv- 
Tig, iptx^fiivmv xmv mXxmv xolg axavffoig ' oi di xal dni" 35 
^avov, duxfiagxovxig Ttur d^odtav' ol d* "jUXriytg idiuixov e]^oi 
jijg xwfjLTig, Tiuv t« Ovvuv vnoaxgatpivTfg Tivig iv t^ 
axoTu, Tovg naqaTqixortag naq* oixlav xaiofiivtiv ttxovxtioy 
ilg TO <p^g ix TOV axoxovg ' xal hgrnaav 'ifQwvvfAoy t« 
Mvodia xov Xoxayov, xal Oeayivt^p [di] udoxQov xov Xoxa- so 
yoy ' dnid-avB di ovddg ' xaxfxav&ti fiivxoi xal ia&r^g ri- 
vtiv xal axBvi]. 2iv&tig di tixs fiorf&i^amy avp knxd in^ 
rniot ToTp ngmoig, xal top oaXMiyxx^r ^x*^ v^r Sgfxiop * 



Ke<p. «'.] KTPOr ANABASIS. 201 

xffi intlnfQ ^o&tjo, oaov nfg x^^^'^^ tfioti&€i, roaovxov xal 
TO xi^ag iq>&iyyno avxa ' wgxs xal lovro q>6^v avfina- 
gfixs loig nohfiloig. ^Lntl d ' T^X^tv, idihovio le xal tls- 
yev, oil otoiTo ii&vfmxuq noXXovg iVQijanv. 
A ^iix TOVTOV 6 Aevo(pfav ditjai, tovg o/jii^^ovg t« avTot na- 
gadovt'at, xal inl to o^o^, ei ffovXixai, avaxqaxivta&at, ' ti 
di fitj, avrov iaaai. Tjj ovv vaxfQaifji TxagadiStuatv o Shv^ 
&rig rovg Qfii^QOvg, nf^taflvxdgovg uvd(fag, xbvg xfjaxiaxovg, 
wg t<paaav, xatv OQtivav' xal avxog Xffx^xai ahv tJ} dvra- 

10 fiti, ^Udfj d* ti/s xal XQinXaaiav dvvafuv o Siv&rig' ix 
yaq tmv Odgvaiav, axovorxtg, a ngatxat o Sev^rjg, noXlol 
xaxi^atvov ifvaxgaifvaofittoi. Oi di Ovvoi^ intl ildop 
ano xov ogovg noHovg fiiv onXlxag, noXXovg di niXxaaTag, 
TxoXXovg di iixniag, xaxapdvxig Ixixtvov aniloaa&ai' xal 

U navxa wfioXoyovv noiridtiv, xal ra niaxa XaftfltirHV ixi^ 
Xfvov, 'O di SfV&tig, xaXiaag xov Zivoff-wrxa, inidtlxrvir, 
a Xiyonv ' xal ovx av Hpi; ondaaa&ah il ^fvi qwv (Suv- 
Xoixo xifiwgriaaa^ai a\ covg xr^g ini&iaiaig, O d ilnfv ' 
** 'aXX* tyotye ixarijv vofjii^ta xal vvp dt'xrfV iXftv, ti ovxoi 

90 dovXoi taovrai avx* iXiv&tgiay'" avfijSovXevnv ftitToi ttpti 
aixM, TO XoiTXOP Ofixigovg Xafifiavsivruvg dwaxaxaxovg xa- 
xov Ti noitiv, xovg Ji yigovxag oVxoi day. Ol fiiy ovv tav- 
rji narrtg- dii ngogwfioXoyovv. 



Kefdlaiov b' 

*7^f(f/idXXovat di ngog rovg vnig BvJ^avxlov Ogaxag, tig 
36 TO /tiXra xaXovfitrov (ntlri} S* tiv oixiri agxh Maiaddov, 
ilXa l^govg rov 'Odgvaov, agx»^ov rivog) ' xal o 'j/gaxXfl- 
dr,g ivxavda fx<av Tijf xif/rjv xt^g Xiiug nagijvf xal Sfv&fig, 
i^ayayap (tvyij fjfjttovixa rgia, ov yuq t}v nXtm, ra 5i aXXa 
PoHxd, xaXiaag Stvo<pdivxa ixiXevae Xafiiiv, ta d* aXXa duX" 



202 SEN0^IINT02 ZB16. Z\ 

vtifiai jciif fnqvLTfiyoiq xal Xoxnyoiq, Stroiptiiv di tad* H- 
ntr' ***J^ftol (iiv xolvvv igxtX xai av&ig Xafitiv' jovroig 
Si ToXg ar^axriyoii dotQOV, oi avw ifiol tjxolov&r^aotv, »al 
Xoxnytng** ^ Kai Twy ^fvyuiv Xaft/Satfei tr /iiy Tifiaalwv 6 
du(fdtxvtvg, cr di KXtdvuQ *OQXOi»ivii^, k¥ di 4>qWLaxoq « 
o *Axni6q ' ra''di Pouxa itvytj zoig Xoxnyoig xarffttQia^if, 
Toy dk fiia&ov nnodldtaaiv, iUXrfXv&orog ffitj rov fifivog, 
itxoai fiovop TifiiQ^v' o yaq IlQaxXtidrig tXtysv, on ov 
TtXnop ifLTioXr^aai, 'O ov¥ Zivotpbiv axd^ta&ilg nntv ino- 
fioirag * " Joxiig fioi, a 'll^axXiidtit ovx tog dil xiljdiadai- 10 
2tv&ov' (i yaff ixr^dov, ijxfg up nX^Qti <pif^my tbv fna&or, 
xal TtQogdayHaoififyog, ti //ij y* aXXiog idvym, xal anodofiB- 
vog ta kavTov ifidtia," 

*£vjfv&6y 6 'jlgaxXddrig iix&iad^ri t%, xal tdnat, /iti ix 
trig JStvdov <piXlag ix/iXri&tltj ' xal o ti idvvato ino tavtijg 15 
trjg fififQag Ztvofp^vta dii/JaXls itQog ^tv&f^v. Ol fih dtf 
atQOttmai Ziyofpaiyti iytxdXovv, ott ovx lix^v toy fiia&oy * 
^tv&Tfg di T^x^no avtto, on iyxovrng tolg ut^atitaxaig an^^ 
til toy (iia&oy. Kai titag fASV ail ^fiifivr^to, cue, ineiday 
dnl &dXaTtay aniX&u, nagadwoo^ airr^ Btadr&ijv xal 90 
rdyov xal Nioy ttlxog' ano ds tovrov tov xQoyov ovds-- 
vog ttt tovttay ifiifivtito. 'O fih ydg 'ifgaxXUdjig xal tovio 
dia^f^Xfjxft, tug ovx auq>aXig bVij, tBixn nagadidoyai avd^l 
dvyufiiy fx^yji. 

*Jix tovrov o fiiy A(yo(pay i/}ovXtvftOt tl XQ^ noiiiv ntql tt 
tov hi avta axqaxivia&ai' 6 d* 'jlgaxXfldijg, tlgayayiov 
tovg (xJiXovg ojgaxrjyovg Txgog 2fv&riv, Xiyuv tc ixiXtviv 
avrovg, oti ovdiy dy njtov a<pi7g aydyouy triv atgatidv, fj 
Sivofpoiv, tov T6 fiia^oy vnioxvuxo avxolg ivtog oXiytav 
tjfjiig^y txnXfiay Txageata&ai dvoly fjn^yoly' avaxgaxivi- to 
a&ai XE ixiXtvE. Kai 6 Tifiaaltay nntv' "'l^yw fih tol- 
rw, ovi* £y Txiyts ftrivwy fiia&og fiiXXij tlvai, <n^aTst/aai- 



Xi(p. «'.] KTPOT ANABAZrS. 203 

firiv av avBV ASvofp^vTog," Kal o ^qwlaxog %a\ KltavtoQ 
avvtofioXoyovv Tifjiaaiavi, . 

HvTSV&iv 2iv&r^q JXoidoQti tor 'Hgaxksldrjv, ou ov na- 
gsxakii xal Zivo(p(avta. £x di tovtov nagaxaXovaiv av~ 
» Toy /uoi'ov. *0 ds yvovg xov *H(}axXtldov t^v nayovgylav, 
OTi> jSovXoiTO avTov dittfidlXftv nqog xovq aXXovg argaTfi- 
yovgt TtageQ/STa^ Xa^dtv xovg re atQaxriyovg nuviag xal 
Tovg Xo/ayovg. Kal inil navxtg insia&tiaay, awtaiQa" 
TivovTO, xal a(pixvovvTai, iv (ftU^ f^onig tor Hoviovy dta 

10 T(uy MiXivo€pdy(av xuXovfd\fav Ogcixwy, dg tov JSaXfivdfia- 
aor. ^Jiv&a tav tig tor Tlovjwy nXeovadiy vrjuiv noXXal 
oxilXovm xal ixninxovai' xivayog ydg iaxiv inl niifinoXv 
xr^g -d^ttXaxxrig, Kal ol Bgaxig ol xcad xavra olxovvxfg, 
axi^Xag ogtauftsroi, xd xad- avxoifg fxaaxoi ixninxovxa Xrji- 

ift iovxtti' xifag d' iXdyovxo, jiqIv oglaaa&ai, dgnuiontg noX- 
Xol 'VTT* dlXi^Xav dno&v^axttv, 'jiwxuv&a svglaxovxo noX- 
Xal fih xXlvai, noXXtt di xt^toxint nolXal ds piGXoi, xal 
xdXXa nolXd, oaa iv ^vXiyotg xbvxsoi vavxXrjgoi ayovaiv. 
£vxtv&sv xavxa xaxaaxgstf/dfieroi, dnrftanv ndXiv. *'Ev^a 

90 dri ^tidrfg «5^« aigdievfia i[dri nXiov xov * JiXXrivixov * sx X8 
yaq ^Odgvauttf noXv m nXtiovg xaxa/St/Ji^xiaaVt xal oi asl 
Ttti&ofiivoi owtaxgaxhvovxo, KaxrivXia&riaav di iv xm nt- 
diu) vnig S^Xv^giagt oaov ntvxr^xovxa axadiovg dnixovxfg 
xfjg &aXdxxrig. Kal fiiadog fjiiv oidstg not itfahixo ' ngog 

35 di xov StvoifOivxa oX xs ^xgaxicHxai TtayxaXsnwg uxov, o 
xs 2iv&rjg ovxixi oixtUug StixHxo, aXX onoxs avyysvia&at 
aixf} fiovXo/jiBvog tX&Oh TtoXXal ^Ji} aaxoXia^ iq>alvovxo. 



904 XSNO^Jiirro^ [Bii. m\ 

iq>iKPOVPXtu Xa^tiUs Tf 6 jiuimw xai mlvwuKog nu^ 
Slfifl^rog' ira2 Xiyovoip, Sxi ^axcda«fior/o«$ doxti or^- 
tivta&M [if] inl Tlaaaqii^fiy, xal Olfifigtar ixuinltvutp 
lug noXifiiiamp' ual dftxai tamig jijg otQauagp nal U/h, • 
on da^HMog Ixaory iotui fita&og tov liifrog, xal rotg lo- 
X^yoig difiot^ia, xal rotg ai^ariiyoig mffafioi^a. Unil 
d* ifld^fhf oi jdttxtdaifiOPiOh tv&vg o *IJqaxXildiig, itv&6/it- 
vog, Sri inl to OJQauv/ia ^xovai, ite/ci t^ JSkvd-rj, ou xai- 
Xunaw ytyirtitai' ** Oi fAh yaq udaxidaifiorioi diovraiio 
Tov ojQaTfVfiaxog, ah di ovxixi diij ' anodtduifg di to ai^- 
ttvfia ttVTolg z^ffif^t ff^ ^^ ovxiu a7iaitf}ifonai tov (uo&ov, 
ill' aitaXXa^ovxai ix xr^g jifftJ^a;**' 

^Axovoag xavxa o 2tv&iig, xBXtvfi nagiiytiv' xal iml 
ilvtuv, on inl to aT^dxiVfia ^'xovai, Xiyth on to axf^duv^a u 
anodidwai, tplXog xs xal avfifia;(og ^ovlixai thai ' xaltl X9 
avioitg inl Icr/nr. Kal i^vil^t fieyaXonQtniig, Seroipmyxa 
di oi xaXtt, ovdi xwp aXXtuv dii^axriy^v ovdiva. ii^oiTafv- 
Tftiy di xtiy yiaxidaifiovloty, xig avtof ttfi Stroip^Pt dnixQl- 
varo, ** on xa fiiv uXXa tttj oi xaxog, fpiXoatffanmfjg ds ' xal M 
dia xovjo /iiifOP iaxiv aixf}" Kal oV %lnov' ** MX ij ^ij- 
linyayhl 6 a>^ff xoifg utdQug ;^^ Kal o ^ilgaxXudrig, 
'* ndyv fiir ovv,^* tq>ti. ***Aq* ovy," t<paaa¥, **/*'/ *«* 
^^iF ivuvimanai nt^fl x^g anayatyfig /^ "-4ii ijr vfittg, 
ifffl 6 'if(faxX6idrig, *' avXXs^ayiig aixoig vnooxv^&t xov » 
liiadov, oXlyov ixdrt^ nqoaxovxtg anodgufiovnai avr 
VfAivr '' nJtg av ovv;' tipauav, '' i^ly avXXfytUr ;" *'AV' 
gtov v/i«c," iq>fi 6 ^IlQaxXiidfjg, " n^toi' alofitv n^og ai- 
xovg' xal otda,^* i(f>7], ** on, imiday v/idg Idiaaiv, aafiiPOi 
avpd^fAOvyxaiJ* Avxti flip ioiv] ^ rifiiqa ovxag tXifit, 10 



Ks<f>. ff\] KTPOT AN AB 4212. ' 205 

T^ d * voTBgaia S/ovaiv in} to atqaxtvfia lovq Aaxtavng 
2iv&ng re xixi ^JlQaxXeidtig, »al avXXiystai ^ OTgaita ' iw 
di Aduavt iXeyitiiy, ** on udaxidatfiovloig doxn noXffiiir 
TiaaoKffgvth toi if^iag ttdtxi^attvrt' r^v ovv Xritt avv fif^^i'p 

A Toy Te ix^gov rifiwgriaiaOt, xal dagttxov txaorog otan tov 
litivog VfibiV • Xox"^y^^ ^* ^® 3t7rJloi;y ' OTgaxtiyog di to re- 
xganXovv" Kal oi OTgarimTni afffitvol 78 ^xovaav, xal 
tv&vg avltncnai Tig ruv ^Agxddfov, tov Stvoqmvrog xaTtj" 
yogtjamp, Xlagr^v 9i xal 2BV&rigf fiovXofttvog eidavai, t/ 

1^ Ttgaxd^iioiTai ' xal iv inrixoo^ HOTi^xUf ^coy [roy] hgfiijvia * 
ovvUi di xal avxog 'EXXtiviail to nXtiuTa. ^'Jipda-dii Xi- 
yti o *Agxag ' ** \4lX* ijjuclg fiip, (u Aaxtdviftoyiot, xai nd" 
Xai UP iifiBP nag* v/up, h /uij ZtPOfpar divgo '^fidg ntlaag 
antjyaytv * iv&a d^ '^f^^i ^^ ''^^ dtipov ;|fc»/uwva ot^otcvo* 

14 fiivoi xal rvxxa xal '^fiigar oldir mndfit^a * o ds Tovg 
"^fitrigovg novovg txn' xal 2BV&fig iditji fiir ixiivov nt^ 
nXovTixtv, ^fioig di anoarfgn tov fiia&ov ' oigxt,'* o yt ngw- 
Tog Xiywvi " (yvi /ucV," [c<pi7>] " «* toDto^ tdoi/ii xaraXsv- 
ad-irtat xal dona dlxt^v, utv i^idg negttiXxt, xal top fiia&op 

90 ap fioi doxm fX^i^t xa* ovdif [«i'] m To7g nsnoptifiivoig 
ax&to&ai" MtTct tovtop aXXog OPsoTri ofioiotg, xal ulXog. 
*JSx' ii TOVTOtP ZsPoq>aiP iXt^iP uds ' 

**jiU.a ndvra fjiip aga ap&gwnop opra ngogdoxSp dtJ, 
onoTS ys xal iyut yvy [fiiv] t*9 ' Vfimp aitlag t jjfw, ip ^ nXii- 

96 arr^p ngo$Vfilap iiionrr^ ys doxoi isvpudipat ntgl vfiug na^ 
gtaxufi^y^' *Anstgan6fii]p flip yt ffiri oXxads mgfitjfiipog, 
ov fia, TOP ^i«, ov joi nw&avofitpog Vfidg ev ngdrrBtP, 
aXXa fidXXop axov»y ip anogotg elvat, ag wg>BXi}amp, bT ti 
dvpalfifiv. *Entl d* rjX&OP, 2(v&ov Tovxovt nolXoifg ayyi-- 

to Xovg nghg ifii mfinoptog, xal noXXa vniaxyovfiivov fioi, bI 

ntiaaiftt Vftdg ngog avxop iXd-Bip, tovto fth ovx infXBtgiiaa 

txouIp, wg avxol vfiBlg inlaraa&B, riyop d', od-ip ^ftfiP t«- 

jytffT* OP vfiig Big xtjp *Aaiap dia/ifjpat* Tavxa yag ual 

18 



206 ze:so^sintos [Bi6. z' 

fiiXruna irofuiov vfiiv urat, xai Vfiag ^dnv ItofiXo/isrovg, 
£nil di A^UnafixoCf tl&tiv avv TffniQiaiv, ixtikvai dianXftP 
^fiaf, iu loutov, oTtfff UKog dijnov fir, awdXf^ Vfjagt o;f»; 
fiovl(vaalfii&a, o t» XifV ^ottip. Oixovv Vfiflg axovorreg ' 
fAiw Agiaid^x^^ inutmonoq vfAiP fig Xt^^ytiaor no^tv- * 
tad at, axovorteg di JSivdov nU&ovtog cavrca avor^m-cu- 
ta&ai, navtig fih Htytte avv Stv&ji Urai, narrtg d' i^lfft- 
fflaao&B tavTff. Ti our iy^ ivravda ffilx-^aa, aya/u¥ 
v/tag, ir&a naatr v/itv idoxH; ^EnU yt fiffv iff(vd(a&a& 
^Q^ajo ^iv&tig ntQi rov fita&ov, li ftiv inaivw avtor, dixcu^ 10 
ug aw fii xal aiu^o&t xal fitaoite * ti di nqoa&tv aii^ nap- 
Ttttr fialitna ifilog nr, ruv ndwiwv diaipo^rmog fifu, nng or 
m dixaUag, aiQOVfiirog Vfiuf drtl JSiv&ov, v<p* Vfi£p ahiap 
iX^ifii itf^l «y nQog tovrop diaq>i^fiai ; '*jtXl* Btnont av, 
on tiBOTi xai Ttt vfUtf^a ixopta na^d Stv^ov Ttxpuittw, i* 
Oixovp d^lop JOVTO yi, on, etittQ ifiol itilH Ti 2tv&fig, 
ovx ovjmg ijilti drjnov, wg wp jt i/iol doifj ortQolto, xal 
alia vfup anoxloiup ; WiUt' olfiat, el ididov, inl tovt^ 
UP idldov, Snug ifioi dovg fiiiop, firi dnodolti Vfiip to nXtlop. 
Ei Toipvp ovTOig fX^tv oTfa&i, t^BortP v/up avtlxa fjidXa fio- 9(r 
ruiap ravtfjp Tf^p nQoi^ip anupoiiqoig ^fup nottiaai, icip n^dr- 
Tr/TS avtop TO /^ijjuaTa. J^Iop ydq, oTt Siv^r^g, ti ^o) n 
naq avTov, anatxtiatt fis, xal dnuin^ati fisPTo$ dixaitag, 
idp fiif (Sifiaiw X71P nqdliv avxm, iq> ' ji idmQodoxovp* [dlXd 
noXXov fioif doxm dtip xd VfjiireQa txnp ' ofipvia ydq VfuP 3S 
&ioifg dnarxag xal ndaag, fitjde a ffiol idia vniaxtxo JSiv^ 
^rig tx^tp ' ndQtaxi di aviog, xal dxovotp avroidi fioi, ti 
intoQxoi, "ipa di fidXXop ^avfidafftt, avptnofiPVfii, fMr^di a 
oi uXXoi axgenfjyol tla/3op iilriq>ipai, firj xoivvp ftrid* oca 
toip XoxaytiP ipioi. Kal xl dfj xavxa inolovp ; "JlfitiP, ai «» 
apd^tg, oato fidXXop avfiq>iQOifii Tovr^i xtjv xdxt ntvlap, to- 
aovxt^ fidlXop aiiop g>iXop noii^ata&ai, onois dvpaa&tiii. 
*fuym di dfia xt avxop o^eu tv nf^dxropxa, xal yiyvtiaxm 6^ 



Ki<p, ff'.] KTPOr ANABA2I2. 207 

avxov xriv ymfttiv. EXnoi Hhq tig «V * * Ovxovv aioxvpu 

ovia fiMQMg i^ixnajw/itvog / iV«i fia Jla fjifxwoftrjv fiiv- 

.101, tl vno TioXtfiiov yt &rTog «|?^7r«rij(^ijr * <fiXM d oVt* 

i^ntnav ouifxiov h<h doytiX elvoci ij i^xitujaa&ai, ^Lnti, et 

B ys Ti^og fflXovg iarl <jpt'>torxi}, naoav oida Vfiag <]pvil«|«^s~ 
vovg, wg fi^ nafjaaxur Tovxto nqoqxtaiv dixalav, fit} ano&i^ 
dovai Vfiir, a vniaxiTO' ovrs- yag '^Stxi^aaiiev tovjov ov- 
div, ovtt TcaTfj^XaxivaafiSv ta tovjov, ovds firi xarfdeiXid^ 
actfiev ovddv, ^ ox* '^fjtag oviog TtagsxaXtuev^ *" AXXd* 

10 ifalrfTS ttv, ' edit ja ive^VQU tow Xa^uv, ug (jirji^i, si f/?oi;- 
XiTO, idm'UTO av Twura i^anarav* Jlqog xavia ds axov- 
aati, a iyut ovx eiv nors iiJtov tovtov havxiov, il firj fioi 
navxanaatv ayvwfiortg idoxtixe ilvitt, ij Xlnv tig ifii «jfa- 
QiOTOu ^Avvfivi^ad-Tjxs y(XQ, iv Jtolotg rttftP ovxtg^ ngnyfAa- 

W aiv ixvyxdvsxs, fj our Vfiag iyui avriynyov nqog Stvf^riv, 
Ovx dg (ikv niqiv&ov, il nQogirixs x^ nolcti, ^Aqlaxa^xog 
Vfiag o Aaxfdaifioviog ovx si'a il^uvai, anoxXflaag xag nv- 
jlaff * VTtai&Qioi ds c'lw iaxqaxomdsvsxs ' fiiaog ds x^ifAWP 
fjv ' ayoQa ds fX^tfa&s, andvia fisv oQWvxsg xd bivia, andvia 

20 ds sx*^vTsg, oxav ivr^osQ&s, ^Ayayxi] ds riv fisrsiv inl Oqtf- 
xijg {xffti^QSig ydq iq)OQfjiovaai ixtuXvov diaTtXtiv) ' si ds fis~ 
vol xig, iv noXsfila x^Q^ stvfn, sv&a TiolXoi fisv innsXg 
ivavxloi riaav, nolXol ds ntXiaaxaL ^IlfCw ds onXixixov 
fiiv fiv, <^r dd'QOOi fisy iorxsg inl xdg xwfittg, Ittitag dv idv-- 

9» vdfis&a alxoy Xafijidvtiv ovdiv ri dq)dovov oxto ds dim^ 
xovxsg av tj avdqdnoda rj nqo/Jaxa xaxsXafifidvofisv, ovx r^y 
^(iiv ovxs ydq innixov ovis niXxaaxixov ixi iyai avvsaxij- 
xo; xajiXajiov nwq* vfjuv. El ow, iv xoiavxij avdxyxr] ov- 
tav Vficiv, livid ovxivaovy fjiia&ov nqogtxixiiatxg, Ssid^mT 

it avfiftaxor Vfilr nqogiXa^ov, l/orrix [xat] Imtirxg- xoil nfX- 
jaaxdg, tap Vfislg nqogidiia&s, \rf\ xvxwg dv idoxovv Vf/ti^ 
Pi/iovXtvad^ai nqo Vfiwv; Tovxiav ydq (^nov xoii'wi'ij- 
actrttg, xal aixov dq>&&mxsqop iv xalg xwfiaig svqlaxsxi^ 



208 SENO^nyiv:^ [BtS. z\ 

9ia TO irayxa£ta&ai rovf Oqaxaq Koia anovdrjy fioUiop 
^fvytiv ' Kal nQofltt-mv jtal avdffajtodwv fiulXoy /terea/ere. 
Kal nokbfiior ovxiu oidira iu^iv/icr, ixudri io innixor 
flfiiv Ttfioqtymjo' xitaq di ^agaaXdwg ^filv i^pUnorto ol 
MoXifiioi ual ixKiM^ *al xfXxavux^, nvXvorrtg fitfiaftii 6 
KOT* oXlyovg ixoaxtdctyrviiivovg xa init^dita ciip&ovwjfffa 
Ttfiag noff^ta&m, JEi di S^ o avfjLTtOQdxioy . v^ly javtriv j^v 
ia<paXit€tVy fiii ndrv noXw fii9&0¥ n^ogtxiXu x^g iafpaXilag, 
xovTo d^ TO nei&rina xo ox^xXiqv g %al diet xovzo ovdauij 
oVfa&8 XQ^i^^'' i^^^i* il*i Sv iiytu / Nvp di dtf n^g amQ- lo 
Xio&t ; Oi diaxBtfuiaavxtg fih iv iip&ovotg xoig intxf^diioig, 
xfQixxop S' i/omg xovxo, cI't* iXdfttxB naf^a Siv&ov; xa 
ya(f nor noXffiitty idaixarax$ * »al xavxa n(fdxxorrtg, ovtt 
uidftag iitfldixB ifiw ain^v ano&arcvxag, ovxe i^rtag utis^ 
fidXixe. id di t» xaXov nffog xovg iv xji \4aitf ftaQfld^ovg u 
inin^axxo viur, ov xal ixiivo amv ^fXB, xal n^g ixUvoig 
rvv aXX^v tvxXtuxv n^eiXi^^ttU, xal xovg iv xj Evqinr^ 
OQaxag, 4<p ovg iaxQttjivta&B, xquxr^Qovxtg i ^Ey^^fth 
Vfiug 9>i7/i* dixamg ay, luv ifiol jfaXc;ra/reTC, Tovrwy toi; 
^loig X^Q^^ fidivah ot; aya&wy. Kalr xa fuy dif vfUrfga 90 
xoiavxa, "jyBXB di n(f6g x^v &tCv, xal xd ifid axii/taa^B 
wg fxtt. 'is/w fiiy ydif, ore xgoxt^y dmj^a oXxadt, c/oir 
fih iJtaivoy noXvy TtQog Vfimy dninoQivofujy, fxtay di di' 
ifidg xal vno xoty aXXtty 'EXXyyny evxXttay * imaxtvofitfy 
d$ vxo uiaxiSatfioyUiy ' ov yaQ ay fis tntfinoy ndXiy n^og 3S 
Vfidg, Nvy ^' dnif^xofAai^ nqog ftiy jiaxtSaifioylovg vip* 
VfAbiV dia/SejSXrjfiivog, JSbv&h di dnrix^fifiivog vni^ vftSy, 
oV ijXitiioyf fv noi^uag fju&* Vfiwy, dnoaxQOfpT^y xal iftol 
xttXriv xal naialy, h yiyoivxo, xaxa&i^irto^ai. 'Tftttg 
$*, VJxtQ fay iyti dntix^flfit^l ts nXiUna, xtu xavxa noXv M 
xQiltxooty ifiovxov, TTQayfiaxtvofityog xb oidi yvy nn ni- 
XttVfiai o XI dvvafiai iya&oy Vfuy, xoiavitiv yyufitiy tx^xt 
ne^l ifiov. 'MX* ex^xB fiiy fiB, ovtB ipBvyoyxa XaffoyxBg, 



Kg(p. f\] KTPOT ANABAHTS, 209 

ovit anodid^daxovra * ^v di TioiifaijTC, « Xdyert, tare, ot» 
avSQa xajaxixavotig tatad-f, noXXa fjey dtj itQO Vfimr 
ay^VTtv^atxPTa, noXXa ds avv vfiiv TEovr^aana xa\ xtvdwev^ 
aavTtt, xal iv tciI ^iqn xul naqa to (liQog ' &ieir di XXttn^ 

5 ovjmv xal r^onaia paq^nQWf n<Aka d^ avv vfiir attiaafit^ 
vov * oniaq di yz tuv *£Ui}r(oy findtvl noUfiioi yivoiad't, 
Tiav oaov iyet idwafniv, nqoq Vfiag diaxtiva/Atrov, Kml 
yuQ ow vvv vfilr t^Boiiv aveTtiXi^ntmg nogtvtadait onot ay 
^krja&e, xal xara y^y xal xaia 'd-dXattar. 'Tfit7g Si, oji 

10 jtoXXri Vfuy tvnoQla tpalyBTOi, xal nXtlTt, BP-^a dij ini&i^ 
fiHi€ ndXai, dioyjai di v/aw oi [to] fiiyiaroy dwdfievoi, 
fiia&og di <paivnai, ^ytfuoveg di ^xovai Aaxidaifioyioi, 9I 
XQaiiarot vofniifisvoi slvai, vvv dtj xaiffog doxH vfiiv ilvou, 
mg rdxtora ifii xaiaxavBiv f Ov ftify, otc ya iv Toig ano- 

16 gotg fifjiev, to ndvnov fiVfjfioyixmaToi ' alXii xal nartQa 
ifti ixaXurt, xal ail ^g ivegyitov ^tftvija&ai vniaxvno&t, 
oi fiivtoi ayvmfiovtg aid' ovtoI tiatv, cl vvv ^xovreg i(^* 
vfidg' wgt$, ug iyvt olfiai, ovdi Tovroig doxHTt fieXrlovtg 
Bivaif roioviot ovng ntgl tgiiJ^ Tavta tinmv inavauTo. 

90 XttQ/iivog di, 6 uiaxfdaifiwiog, avainag tlnBv ovrmai' 
** 'jiXX ' ifiol (iivToi, « avd(ffg, oi dixaiatg ye doxiiiB tm uv- 
dgl Tovro) ;)faX€7ia/yety * txto yaq xal airthg avi^ fiagrvgij-* 
aai' 2tv&rig ydq, igviJ^vrog iftov xal UoXvvtlxov nfql 
Ztvoipwrtog, jig avriQ ttrj, aXXo fiiv ovdkv c^« iitfupaa&ah 

35 ayav di (piXooTQaTimmjy tqtti avrov elvai' dio xal x^^Q^^ 
avj^ tJvai nqog i^ftwy tc iwv jdaxidaifiovUrv, xal ngog ai- 
tovJ* *AvaaTag inl tovt^ EvgvXoxog [o] Aovaidrrig U^ 
xag ilnB ' " Joxti yi fioi, avdgtg Aaxtdaifiovioi, tovjo 
vgidg Tig^xov ^fiwv aiQarriyriaai, nagu Stv&ov ^ftiv rav 

to fiia&hif avanQu^ai ^ kxovrog 7} axortog, xal ju^ nqoxfqav ' 

^fidg aitayaynvy JloXvxgdxrig di ^Adi/^vcuog iiftiv nvaatag 

vnig Stvofp^rrog* **'0g^ yt /uifv, ct» avd(ftg" I91J, ** xal 

'iJgaxXeldfiv' ivrav&a nagovra, o nagaXafiwv tcc /^i{fi«Ta^ 

18» 



210 SEJfO^SlNTOS [Bifi. Z\ 

a ifit7f inorrioeLfiiVf ravra anodofitvog, ovt$ Sfvd-fj and- 
dwxer, ovTf fffiiv xa ytyvcfitvu, oiXl* airog xXiipug ninatau 
^llv oi*r aw^>Qoyw(irv, k^ofif&a ainov ' ov yag dti ovtog yt^^ 
li|pi}, '' 3^?» ^tfnr, iVka 'l&'iiijv wv "ElXr^aq idtxtV* 

Tavxa axovaag o'HQaxXtidrig fioXa i^Jflotyfl' xal'nQog- • 

fiev intv^iv in t?? rovtwr inixqax^laq,** Kal avafiarxtg 
int xovg Xnftovg, ^^orro antXavnnntg fig xo kavxuv oxqu- 
xoJifdov* Kal ivx§v&iv Siv&v^g nifinu ^AfigoiiXiirjv xov 
iavxov i^fttivia n^g Sivoq>^vxa, xal xtXtvu avxov Kara- lO 
fttivai TxaQ ' ketvxm, J^orta /iX/oi/^ onXitag ' xal vmax^flxai 
aii^ anodwi$iv xa X8 x^ffloi xa inl &aXdxxtj, xal xa aXXa, 
a VTiioxtTc, Kal iv a;ro^^ifro) noiffaafi^og, Xiyti, oxt 
axi^xot noXwzixov, ^g, zi vnoxilqtog %<sxai, yiaxidatfiovl- 
otg, aa^g inodarotxo ino Olft^Qiovog. *E7tsaxiXXoP ds is 
ratTci xal [ot\ aXXoi noXXol [fftVoc] xm Sevoipmvxit ^g biafit- 
fiXtjfiivog tirj, xal (pvXaxxia&ai deoi, *0 d* axovtay xavxa, 
dvo Ugna Xa/kiv, t^vs x^ Ju tw BaaiXut notfQa oi Xtaiov 
xal afitivov el'i; fiirttv naqa JSivd-ji, i(p ' o\g JSevdrig Xdyei, 
19 aifUrat evv x^ mgaxiVfiaxt. AyaiQtl di aixn iniivau 90 



KiipdXaiov l\ 

*Eyxfv-9tv J^tv&rjg fih ansaxgaxoTcsdemaro nQoamxigio' 
ol di "EXXr^vfg iaxrjvtiaay tig xwfiag, o&iv fytXXov nXiXaxa 
Imatxiadfieroi inl ^dXatxav ij^iv, Ai di xwfiat avxat 
fiaav dtdofitrai vnb JSfv&ov Mrjdoaddtj, *Oqtiv ow 6 Mri- 
SoadStjg danarmfisva xd iv xatg xtufiatg vno xwv *EXX'^rwy, » 
XnXmwg fipigt' xal Xaflwp avdqa ^Odgvaijv, dwatfaxaxov 
xwv Svad^iy xaxalSefitjxoxw, xal Inniag oaov XQtdxovxa, 
tQxnai xal ngoxaXBixai Xevoqmvxa ix xov *E!XXfinxov exga- 
TiVftOTOi:* xal og, Xa^v xivag xQv Xoxaymv xal SXkov% 



Ktf, i\] KTPOT ATfABAZ12. 211 

Mqd^mddtjg ' " 'aSixbUb, « Stvwf^y, rmq ij^ers^o; ntifdog 

^^(f&ovvTBg, IlQokf.yofAtv ow Vfiiv, iyu ts vnkg Swvd^v, 

mat ol^B o iyi^Qt ^aga MtiSoKOV tjKttp rov avtt fiaatXmg 

6 imivau, in t{; X^^H^ ' '^ ^> f^V* ^* imiqititofuv Vfiiv, al£ 

*0 ds StPO<ipay, axovamg ravim, bImw' ***Mlm ool fiir 
TOittvxa Xiyorti no* inouQlvao&mi ;pajle7roir * tov^£ ^0 tvsKa 

10 Tov vfavliixov kd^, Xp* Bidft, oW t« v/icl^ ioiey nal oloi 
^liiig* 'HfuTg fuv yaq^ C9>^> " ^1^^'' ffOi^^ /tvia&9i Vftiy, 
iJtOQfv6(jii&u Sia Tttvirig rijg x^if^f on^t i^ovkofit^a, r^t 
fih idiXot/AiP noQ&wrrtg, r^v d* i&iXotfiBW xatauedorrsg, 
Kal av, OKOTB Jt^g r^fiag tk&oig nqBQptvmv, ffiUiov nuq 

15 T^fiiv, oidiva <pofiov(ispog wp noXtftlwf. *FfABig Sa ovu jixs 
fig Tify^s tiiP /oi^oy, ^, tV nott Bl&om, ig h Mftntwiop 
l^toga fivkiSea&8 fyxfxahpnftipotg toig i^nrot^. *£ir$l Se 
r^fiiv (pikoi iysPia&B, xal Si' ^ftag 9VP ^«tN^ tX^t^ iiqvdt rr^p 
ZO^QOP, PVP dri iUlavpiTB ^ag ix [xavttig] xijg X^qttg; f^p 

90 nag fifiwf kxopxmp xaxct x\fcixog naqBlafiBTB ' cS; yag aixog 
oia&a, ol TtoUfjiio* oix tiaop ixapol ^^ag iUJ^avrsiP, Kai 
ovx onmg dwqa dovg xal ev noii^aag, txp& oup tv sna&sg, 
ahoig ^(tag inonifitifacd-M^ il£ anoJtoQBVOfiipovg ^(lag 
ovd' ipovXiQd^pah oaop Bwaaah intxfimtg, Kal xttvxa 

9ft XiytBP ovxB ^Bovg aiaxvPfi ovxb xMb xop apd^a, og pvv flip 
09 oga TtXovxovpxa, nqip Si ^(itP ^piXop jrBpiad^ai, ano Xif- 
axtlag top filop ^ovra, mg aixog B(jptiit&a, *Axa^ tl xal 
«po5 ifiikiyBtg tavxa;" Bipij' "ow yag iyn It* agxu, aXla 
AaxBSaifiopwi, olg vgiftg fragtStaxatB to oxf^xiVfAU anayayB^p, 

M ovSbp ifii nagaxaXiaapXBg, a> &avfiaaxixcnoh otntg, Sgmg 
aTxtix^opofifiP aixoig, oxb nqog vfiSg fiyw, ovxm xtA x^i- 
^alfifip PVP anoSiSovg" 
*EnBl Si jovxa ^uovatp i *OS^vang, dmp' ***Eyi idf. 



ftl2 XEJSO^JINTOS [Bi6. ZT^ 

iatovmp ravia. Xa2 tl yih n^ad-ir ^niardfitiv, ovd* or 
ovyfiMvlov&ficd «0i ' xal rvv UnHfu ' ov ymg dv Mt]dox6q 
fit 6 flaatUvg intuvoifi, €» iUla^'oifti xoig tviQ/hixgJ" 
TVivr (tTCtfr irafiug inl T«f InJta^ dni^vvt, xal vw avr^ » 
M dXloi iTtniig, nXiiv tcttir^wf, { nivi$. *0 ds Mrfioad- 
dfig, HvJtti /dg avrov { jt(k>^a noif&oviuvfi, ixeltve rov Ss- 
vwfmrta xaliaai w Aaxt^aiftovim. *0 d' dnoX&fivmf jovg 
iniTfidttoxdrovg, TtgogtiX&B f^ XaQfdvtf xoi i^ IIolvrdxo», 
xal th^er, 9n xaXsi aitovg M^9oadifig-f ngof^y uTttQ 10 
ervTw, diEiivai ix ii^g X^f^ag, " Oliiai dv ovy," liqpi;, " vfidg 
dnolttjiup rjj er^axia to*' ifptiXofievov fita&oy, it ttnoiTe, 
ou dtdifiTM Vfiw 1} 0T^flrrtci ai/rfxyaTv^aloet Toy fiia&ov fj 
netgd inortog ^ xa^a dxortoq Stv&ov ' xal ort lovTCtiy rv- 
Xovjtg, nffodvftmg [^er] a^ awintad-at vfiv tpaal' xal on u 
dlxaia vfwf doxovfn Xiynv' xal on vniffx^od^t avxoig tots 
dniipat, otav ra dlxata F/uaiy ol arffojiaijat" ^Axovaay- 
Tig oS jidxanfig tavta, tipaacnf igtlv, xal dXXa, onoia dv dv- 
ytapxai xffdxiaxa ' xal tv&vg inoqtiovxo tx^vxtg ndvxag xoug 
imxaiqiovg, *£X&6yxmy di sXtU Xagfupog ' " £l fisv ov xi 90 
iX^ig, M Mridoaadig, ngog r^fidg Xiytiv ' tl 6$ fn^, ^fiftg ngog 
at ^o/ufy." *0 di Mridoadhrig ftdXa wpttfiiviog ' ** ^AX£ i/t$ 
fiiv,*' ttffl, " Xiym, xal Stvd^tig xd avxd, oxi dhovfisr, xovg 
(plXovg ^(liv ytytPf^fiivovg /uij xaxng nda/nv vq> vfitiv * o xt 
yuQ &y Tovrovg xaxmg noifjxt, ^ftdg ^dii noitlxt ' ^fiixtgoi 96 
ydg tiatv" " 'Hfitlq xolwr,^* e<paaap ol jddx»vtg, ** dnloifAtr 
av, OTtoxe xov fjtia&op txoitv oi xavxa vfiv xaxangd^arrtg * 
u dt firi, igx^fitd^a (ih xal vvv fiotid^rfOovxeg xovxotg, xal ti- 
fimgtjaofitvoi ardgag, ot toi^ov; nagd xovg ogxovg ^dlxijaoew ' 
ijp di xal vfitTg xotoikoi tjxt, iv&ivdt dg^fAt&a xd dlxaia M» 
Xafifiavtivy *0 dt Ztyoq>wp iineV "^E&eXoixt d* up, i 
Mfjdoaadeg, xpvxoig inirgiipai, intidij <paxi q>iXovg tlrcu 
VfHP, h ip xfj z^g^ iofup, onoxega dp yf^fpiompxah tt^ 



ktq). t'.] KTPOT ANABASIS. ' 213 

vfiag ngogrjxev ix t^? j^w^aff unUvai, fXS^ ^fioig ; " *0 di 
ravia fiiv ovx s^ff ' ixilivi Ss /laliara /ih avim iX&nv tw 
Aotxtuvt naqa 2fv9^riv ntqt xov fiia&ov, xal olsa&ai Sv 
J^tv&fiv nuoai ' h di firi, Sivo<pwvta avv aixm nifinuv, xal 
5 avfinQa^Eiv vmaxvuxo ' idslxo di rag xajfiag fitf xduv. 
Evxiv&tv nifinovai rov ZsvoiftivxtK, xai avv avxS, oS 
idoxovv inLxtjdtioxaxot elvat. *0 d^ il&6iy li/si ngbg xov 

" Ovdiv anatxtjativ, o) 2%r^iy, itdgtifii, dXXd iStJa^y, 

10 tjg av dvytofiai, tog ov dixaltog fiot rjxd^io&iig, Sxt vnsg xar 
argaxKaxoiv antjxovv as, a vniaxov aixoig iiQo&vfittg ' aol 
ydq Bywys ovx t^xxov ivofiiiov ^vm avfttpigov inoHovvai, rj 
ixtlrotg anola^siv, Ugaxov fiiv ydg olSa /axd xovg dsovg 
ilg TO (pnvfgov as tovxovg xaxaax'^aavxag, insl ys flaaiXiet 

15 as inoiqaay noXl^g x^9^S >fa* noXXwp iv^gfOKtav ' agxs 
ovx olov xs iaxl Xav&dvsiv, ovxs tJv xi xaXov, ovxs tjv tx al- 
axgov 7toii^arjq. Toiovx(o 9 ovxi uvdgl niya fiiv /jtoi idoxsi ci- 
vai, firj doxtiv axaglaxm^ aJtoJtifUpaa&ai avdgag sitgyixag, 
(iiya d , sv axovsiv vno s^axicxiXltap avd-gKoxtiv* to di fiiyi- 

90 axop, ftrjdnfjiaig Sniaxcv aavxotf xaxaaxf/um, o ti Xiyoig, 'Ogv 
ydg, xdip uiv inlaxtav fiotxalovg xtxi advvdxovg xal dxlfiovg xovg 
Xoyovg nXaveifiivov^ ' at S* dv %>aVt^ ^aiv dXij&tiaw 
iaxovvxtg, xovtonv ol Xoyoi, ^v xi ditovxat, ovdiv fisiov Jv- 
vartai avvaaaS-ai, tj dXXoiv '^ fiia ' ijv xs xivd a(aq>govll^6iP 

M povXiovxai, yi/v(oax(a xdg xovxtav ansiXdg ovx fjxxov aea- 
ffgavt^ovaag, rjaXXtov xdg ijdri xoXdatig ' ijv xs xto xi vni" 
ax^Civxai, ol xoioviot avdgsg, ovdiv iisiov diaJtgdxxovxai, ij 
[ot] aXXoi nagnxgriiiti didovxsq. ^Avufiv^a&riti di xa» av, 
xl TigoxsXiaag ^fjtiv avfifidxovg i}fidg tXaP^g, dia&*, St* 

to ovdiv ' aXXd maxsv^sig dXri&svattv, a tXtysg, injjgag to- 
xovxovg avd-giJJtovg avatgaxsvaaa&at xs xal avyxaxtgyd- 
aaa&al aoi> agxv^> ov xgidxovxa ftovov d^lav xaXdvxotv, oaa 
oVovxat dsiv cvxoivvv dnoXapsXv, aXXd nolXanXaaUfV. Ov- 



214 SENO^/ISTOS [Bi6, 2f. 

Movr Tovio fih n^itTOtf, t» niojtvtgd^ai at, to x§tl i^r fla- 
mXtinv aoi Mote^yaadfiafov, rovrwy rctir /^ij/iarwy v7to gov 
nntQaaxnai, "l&i 8tj, avaftv^odrfTi, n^g uiya ^you Tott 
uatunqalaa&mir » vvp xaiaatQtif^dftafog. %«?. 'A'/ci fi*y 
•U , o» £v|w ar. Tit vvy Ttiit^myftira (wlXiv am xmian^- » 
X&'iyai, ij itolXanXdaia tovtttv iw XQW^''^^ ytriaOai. 
*Ji/iol Tolvvp giiiior filafiog *al aXogiotf doxtl tlrou, la tavja 
yv¥ fifi xazaazitr, tj rort firi iafltlr, oaio nfQ /aXtnmjiifO¥ 
ix TtXovalov nirnxa ytvia&ui, if [t^y] a^/ijr gi^ nXovxtiiMi ' 
xal otfu IvniKfOJt^OP ix fiaatiiwg iSitirip^ ipariirmr V il}Z^^ ^ 
^^ ^oCailtvaai. Ovxovv iniaraaai f/tirf on ol vvr aoi vnif 
xooi yiv6fi€P0i ov (pilia tj a? dntla&riaap inro aov a^sa&ak, 
ttl)i awayxfj^ ' xal oit intxftffoitp a» naliw iktyS-e^oi yiyps- 
a&ai, ti fiij Tig aiftovg <p6jiog xarcj^^ot. Jloxi^fotg ow oTii, nixX- 
loy ny (po/SHa&al zb avjovgp. xal (fqavuv %a n^fog ai, n o^onr 15 
aoi Tovg axgaTuaxag ovjm dmxtifuyQvgj t^g rvy tc ^iyovtag 
av, ei Qv xtltvoig^ att&ig t ay ror^v il&ovtag, il dioii til- 
lovg Tt, tovtmy nfgl aov axovoyxag nolla aya9a, Tn^v uv 
Got, cMTore PovXoto, naqayiytad-ai ' ^ u xajado^atiar, 
^i2>i6 ay uXXovg aoi il&uy^ dk* iniaxiav ix xQy yyy ytytrri- ao 
liivuv, Toviovg t« airogg Bvyovawdgovg tlybn ^ aoli ^Akla 
fiTfy oidey nlii&ei yz ^fiwy linpO^intg vntl^dy aot, alXa 
ngoGTOT^y uno^lcf, Oixovy vvy xal tovto xiydvyog, ^iri 
IdSoiai nqoaxaxag -htvag avxuy rovrotw, oi yofii^ovaiy vtiq 
aov adixiia&ai, if xal xovxiay xqthxoyag xovg yiaxidat^io^ 25 
vlovg, iay oi fih axqaxieixai vniaxy^yiai ngodvfioxiqoy 
aizoig avaxQOxevia^ai, iay xa nafa afij; ayaTiQaltaaiy, oi 
di uiaxtZaiitoyio*, dia xb dtla&^aL xiig axgaxiag, avyaiyiata^ 
€uy avTolg xavxa, ^Oxi yz gifjy oi vno aoi Oqaxtg ytyofu- 
voi noXv ay nqo^v^oxBqoy tony in* as ^ aify aoi, ovx adfj- 99 
lov ' aov fiiy yaq xQoxovvxog, dovXtta vnd^u avxolg * x^a- 
xovfiiyov M aovy iXivd-^gla. El di xal x^g ^wgag ngoyozt- 
ff^ai ^fi^ XI du ojg ai^g- ovanig, noxagtag av oXzi, auad^ xa* 



Ktq>. i\] KTPOT ANABASIS. 215 

xcdv avxriv nvai fialXsv, ti oirroi ol otgcaimiai, anoXnfiov^ 
Ttg a fyxakovaiv, ttgi^VTiv xaTaliTTovrrg otxoivrOt i} fi ovroi 
te fiivoity mg iv nohfiin, av xs aXlovg nng^o nXilovag tov~ 
Twv Ij|f0)y avTiOTQOTontSevBa&tti, Stofiivovg juv inirridtiotiv ; 

^^Aqyv^iov di notigong av nXslov nvaXtit&itfi, d ravroig to 
oiffiXcfjitvov anodo^tlrj, ^ il ravTcx ts offflXouOt aXXovg ts 
KgElTtovag rovtmv dim us fiia&ova&ai / 'AXXit yag ^llitn- 
xXtldfi, iag itqog ifie idt^Xov, nufinoXv tovxo 9oxsi to aQyv- 
gi^v tirai. II firiv noXv yi iariv tXartov vvv aoi xal XaPiif 

ID Tovro xal anodovvai, ^, nglv ^fiag iXOuv ngog ai, to di~ 
xaxov xovrov fiigog. Ov yag aQi&/i6g iaxiv o ogliiav xo ' 
noXv xal to oXiyoy, ail* { dvva/iig xov xb anodidopxog xal 
xov Xafi/idvorrog. Sol de vvv ^ xax* iviavxov ngogodog 
nXflmv iaxlv^ ij tfiTtgoad-tv xa nagovxa navxa, a ix4xxriO0' 

18 ^Eyio fiiv, 01 Stv&rj, xavxa ag q>iXov orxog aov nQosvoovftrjv, 
enttg av tt a^tog Soxoitj^ tlvai, wv oi S-iol edoixav aya- 
^^v, iyta xs firj dia<f>&aQttfiv iv x^ axgaxta, Ev yag i'a&i, 
oxi vvv ovx av ^&gov PovXofisvog iyoi xax^g noiriaai Swri- 
•&tlriv aifv xavxri xfi axgaxia, ovx* av, si aol naXiv (iovXot- 

« fitiv ^fi&fjaah ixavog av ysvolfitiv. Ovxtu yag ngog ifis ^ 
axgaxia diaxttxai. Katxot avxov as fiagxvga avv xoig -^^ 
oig tidoai noiovfiai, oxi ovxs ^co naga aov inl xolg axga^ 
xuatatg ovdiv, ovxs jjxriaa TtmnoxB slg xo VSiov xa ixelvoav, 
ovxs a vniaxov fiOi antjxijaa. "OfiWfn di aoi, fir\b* anodi^ 

M dotro; di^aa&ai av, ti fi^ xal oi axgaxtmxai tftsXXov xa 
kavx^v awanoXaftliaviiv, Aiaxgov yag ijv xa fiiv i/ia dia- 
nsTtgax&ai, xa ds ixelvmv ntgtidsiv igis xaxwg ixovxa, uX- 
Xmg xs xal xifiWfiBvov vn ixdvotv. Kaixoi 'HgaxXsldrj ys 
Xrjgog ndvxa doxsi tlvai ngog xo agyvgiov fxnv ix navxog 

to T^OTOV * iyu di, o) S^v&rj, oidsv vofil^m ys avUgl, aXXtag 
xs xal agxovxi, xdXXiov that xxfjfjia, ovdi Xa/iTigoxtgov, 
igtx^g xal dixaioavvrjg xal yswaioxrjftog, *0 yag xavxa 
l^p nXovxst iih 0VX9UV <plXwp noXXoiv, nXovxsX di xot2 SX" 



816 SENO^Jtrrros [Biff, 2f. 

imp (hvlofiipotp ytvio&tH' ua$ tv fth n^fxriup ^» rovif 
awt^a&tlifoiUvovg^ iav di n o^aif, oi imayiCf^ i^w fio9i&r^ 
aortmy* IdXla yitQ ti ^iqu ix imv ij^mt tf^ywr itmifta'&t^ 
Sri aot ix %^g ^^xis ff^^ n^, fi^u in %w i^t^w X6y»w 
dvraaw tovto ^vmvat, iXXii tov$ liv at^vTit/tTMr Xo^vg 6 
ndviag ntrzaviriQOP ' mv^ftf^a yd^, xal ijxovfg, a ilfyov 
oi ^iyn9 ifii /9ol/lofuvo«« Katriydffovp fihf yi^ fiov n^fog 
yiaxfdatfioviovg, ig q$ nt^ nhlopog noioifmv, f jiaxtdai- 
fiovlovg' avjol d* ivtxiXovw i^oly ig futiXoy fiUi* fun, 
onmg Ttt od xoXu^ ^X^$ f onmg id kavxuw ' iq^aaav di xal lO 
duga t^nr nctQU ifov. JCo/ro^ to dn^a xavra nor^or ofei, 
aixovg xaxowoidv ttya ividoyiaf fioi nf^og oi aluda&ai fis 
^Mr na^d Qov, 19 n^Q&vf^lop noHtiv nt^t qb xataro^aetp^ 
rag; *£yia (ih o^Sjuou itanag avd-^niovg wogilCeip, tvvoiar 
diiv dnoxilo^ai tovt^, naq' ov av xig d^qa lafipdrti, JSv is 
6i, nqiv /Up vnti^iioal xl aoi, ifii idd^^a ^9ing xal 0^ 
uaat xal tpwf^ xal ^tvloig, xal oaa laoiTO vniaxtfovfisvog 
ovx dvtnifiitXaao * intl d$ xaxiitQaUg, a iflnvkov, xal ye- 
yiniGai>, ooop iya idwdfiiir, fiiyioxog, vvv oSrcn (u axifiop 
oyxa iv xoig (rrQaxifitaig xolfi^ ntqioqdv ; ^JXXd fiiir, or* 90 
coi do^H dnodovvah niaxtw xaf Toy jif^oyoy dtdd^v as, 
xal avxov yi a« pvy dvHw&at x<ivg aol n^$fiivovg ivt^ys^ 
alav OQ^vxd aw iyxaXovvxag. Jdofiai oiv aov, otop ano- 
didfg, ngo&vnuia&at ifd naqd xoig axqaximaig xoioviov 
noiiiaai, olop niQ xal 71 agilafieg" ts 

*Axovoag xavta o Sivd^g xaxrigfiujaxo Tfl aixi^ xov /iri 
ndlai dnodsdoa&at xo¥ fitad^ow' xal ndrrsg 'llgaxUlStiP 
XQVxor viKonxtvaav tlvat * " *Eym ydf," t^tff " ovre 6ib- 
roi^&rpf nmnoxa dnooxt^aai, ajsodcMren xs" ^EwxtMtP 
ndlip tlnsy 6 gfvoq>wy' "^£ntl xolrw dnodiUpat fievlti, la 
pvv iyti aov diofiat di* i/iov inodMvoUt xal ^1^ m^idiiw 
(18 did as avofioiotg txorra iv xji axqau^ rify xb, xal ora 
ngog ai aqfixofitiv" 'O d^ «2w«V "UUa ovxb roXg 



K«q). f'.] KTPOr JN4BA2VS. 217 

axi^iW€nigXavi di* ifis uTtfiottQog' Sv ts fiivrjg na(f ifiol, 
Xtllovg fiorovg onXlxag f/oiy, fyti aoi td re x^9^ anodtoou 
xal ta akXa nartn, a vmaxofiT^v,^* *0 ds naXiv tine' 
'* TtMVTa fih tx^iv ovTVig ovx oloy rt ' otnonffnit di ^fi«ff." 

5 *' Kal firfV," B(pij 6 ^BV&fig, ** xal iaq>aXiaiiq6v yi aoi olda 
or TtaQ ifiol fiivtiv, fj antiveiu" 'o ^c ndXiv tiniV 
" *AkXa rTj¥ fiiv ar^v ngoyoiav inaivm ' ifiol di fiipnv ovx 
olor TC * onov d * av iym ivrifiottgog ot, rofu^ti xal aoi tov- 
TO iya&hv EOf a&ai" ^£vTiV&sv Xiyn Stv&ijg' ***Aifyi' 

ip giov fih ovx fx^* ^^ V ff'^^ov Ti, xttl Tovjo ao$ 8id<afit 
laXaviov ' flovg d* i^xoalovg xal itgo/iaTa tig xtrqaxiaxl- 
Xm xal aydQanoda ilg itxoai xal kxatov, Thvra Xa/Siar, 
xal Toifg xmv aHixriadrtmv at ofiifqovg nQogXajStUr, dmd^i" 
TiXduag o StPOipwp ilnty * " V/v ow /i{ i^ixytijai xavra 

19 tig lov ^ia96v, ilvog tdXavrov ^ifau txtiP ; Aq ovx, 
intidfi xal inixMvvov /aoI i<jjiv, antovtd yt a/ittvoy g>v^ 
XuTTtad-ai Tovg ntTQOvg ; "ffxovtg di jag antiXdgJ* Tott 
fiiv dri avTOV tfAtivav, 

Tjj 8* vaxtqaifjf anidwxi tc avxolg, a vniax^Ot xal tovg 

90 xaxna iXaaovrug awinf/nptv. Oi 8i arqaji^xai xitag (liw 
tXtyoy, ug Atyo(pay ofxoiio ngog Stv^ipf otxifacdy, xal a 
vniaxtto avx^ anoXijipofitvog ' iml di avtoy fjxoyxa tlSov, 
ija&tiady re xal ngogid^tov, Atvoq>o!iy d*, intl tide XaQfil- 
voy xal noXvvtixov, " Tuvra,'* t<pfi, " xal aiataarai di* 

ts vfiag rfj aTQuria, xal naqadidtofjii avxa ^yvt Vf/iy * Vfxtlg di 
diud-ifitvoi diddoxe xjj oxgaxiay Ol ftiv ovy naqaXa- 
povxtg xal Xatpv^oniaXag xajaaxi^aayxtg, inutXovv, xal noX- 
Xriv (7xov alxiay. Stvoqmv di oi Ttgocfjti, aXXa tpavf^og ^v 
olxadt TXixQaaxBvaiiifjitvog' oi ydg tto) ifffj<pog aix^ injjxxo 

2n *A&fivtiai Ttfgl q)vyi]g, llQogeX&ovxtg di avrf ol imxr^duoi 
iy r^ axqajtvftaxiy idiovxo ftrj dntX&tly, nqlv av aiiaydyoi 
TO axgdxtvfta, xal OlfjiflQwyt naQadotrj, 
19 



218 gENO^JlNTOZ [bus. Z\ 

*Erttv&8P diinUvaav tig jddfuffaxop ' xal unatvj^ t» 
Ztwo<pmvn EvMliidtig, fuirKig, 0Xiaaiog, Kltuyoqov viog, 
Tov la iriitvia dp jivuBitf yt/Quifoiog. Ovtog avnidsro 
T^ SiPOifwvth Oft iokataojo ' xal Tffftaxa avrov, nooov XQ^^ 
alov txoi. *0 d ' ovrf inofioaag ilnip, ^ fi^v tata&ai girfi^ » 
ifpodiop iuawop otuadi antipai, ei fir^ anodoiro top Xnnop, 
xai a ifitpl avtop c^ey. 'O d^ avr^ ovx iniartvBP, *Ensl 
d* intfiij/ap ylafuffaxfipol {mot tw Stvotpupji, xal ^vtar tm 
*An6XXmPi naQeartiaaTO top EvxUidtiP, idiap to Ugsla 6 
EvxXfldfig elntp, ot» nil&oiTO nvj^, fiii tipai jf^jj/xora. lO 
** *Mi olda" tiffj, " OTt, xap fiiXXtj noTS yep^Ofa&ah q>our- 
PETal Ti ifiTiodioPt iap fitidip aXXo, aif aavi^." Supti^olo- 
yn TuvTu o Stroffw, 'O ^' dntp' "^Eftnodiog ya^ aoi 
Zfvg 6 MiiXlxiog iirn ' ** xal in-^QiTO, tl ^dtj tiotb &vaeup, 
** agntQ otxoi" itpti, '* dto&eip iya Vfup ^vta&ai xal olo- i» 
xavTiip" *0 di ovx iffti, i^ otov antdrffiijae, TS&vxipa^ tov- 
T^ Tc^ ^f^. SwtfiovlivatP ovp avTa &vfa&ai xal a du&tt, 
xal 6<pri avvoloBiP inl to (HXtiop. Tii d' voTtQalt^ o Sepo- 
q>wp n^otX&wv tig Oq>ffVPiqy idviTO, xal uXoxavTH xol(^ovg 
T^ naTQio) POfi(^ ' xal ixaXXieQH, Kal Tavrtj t^ ifBQU 90 
a<ptxPHTai BlTtap xal afia EvxXUdrjg, jif^ij/iaicx dioaoPTBg t^ 
aTQaTtVfiOTi ' xal ^iPovytal tb tm ZBvo<papTi, xal innop, 
OP dp Aa/iiffdxto anidoTO nsPTiqxovTa dagsixwr, vnoTtrsvop-' 
Tig avTov di Bvdtiap nBnffaxipait oit ijxovop avrop ridta&ai 
T^ XTtnta, XvadfiBPOi anidoaop, xal 7^y ri/i^y ovx ij&flop ts 
anoXa/ifip. 

*EvTBV&tp dnoQBVOPTO did Tr,g TQOnddog, xal vrngfidnBg 
T^i' "jdriPt eig ^UyTardgop d<pi,xrovvTai nQUtop * eha na^ot 
&dXaTTap itoQtvofitPOi rrjg AvUiag, tig OriPfig nidiop. Er- 
w&tp di *ATQafiVTTlov xal KfQTOPlov naq \4%aqpia bIq M 



Ki(p. ij'.j KTFOr ANABASIS. 219 

Ka'ixov ntdiov iXv^ovug, Jli^ya/iov xuTaXafifidvovai T^g 
Mvaltxg. 

'Evxav&a di ^evovtai S^voqwv naq EXXddit r^ royyvkov 
Tov ^JiiffTQiiwg yvyaixi, xat Fogylaivog xal Foyyvlov fir^TgL 

9 Avttj d^ aviM q>gdisi, on ^Aisiddirig iailv iv t^ nsdiw, avy^ 
IliQaTiq' tovxov iq>ri aixov, tl til^oi t^$ vvxxog avv iqia- 
xoolotg avd^dai, Xufifiv av xal aviov xal yvvatxa xal nal' 
dag xal ta j^Qi^fiata' sivai de 7toU.d. Tavxa de xa^riyti- 
aofiivovg mifitpe Toy ts aviijg avtipiov xal Aaipvayoqav, cv 

10 mql nXutstov inouXxo, *'^;jfwy ovv 6 Z^vo^tav lovjovg nag* 
iuvTOi, i&vito, Kai Ayaaiag o IlXnog fidvTig na^dtv el- 
n£v, oTi xdXXiata usv id Uqa avr^, xal ol o avriQ dv uila/- 
Oifiog tXri, Junvriaag ovv inogiVijo, lovg xs Xoxayovg 
xovg ftdliaxa q>i'kovg Xa^oiiv xa\ maiovg ysyevrj/iivovg di«- 

15 navTog, ontug iv noii^aai avxovg- Svvi^iqxovxai $i avxbt 
xal uXXoi ^laadfievoi, (ig h^axoaiovg' oi di Xoxayol dnrf- 
Xavvov, Xva firj (iixaddiev x6 fiigog, ug kTolfioav dri XQW^" 

XbiV, 

£7xsl di a(pixovTO ntgi xdg fiiaag vvxxag, xd fiiv ni(fi^ 

to opxa ardgdnoda Trjg xvgaiog xal XQVl^oixa nXtiaxa wnidqa 

avxovg nagafitXovvxag, (ag xov ^Aaiddxr^v avxov Xd^oitv xul 

xd ixeltov. Uvgyofjiaxovvxeg d* imi oix idvvavxo Xafisiv 

xrjv xvgaiVf vtprjAfi yag rjf, xat fnyaXti, xai Ttgofiaxtotvag 

xal dvdgag noXXovg xal fiaxlfiovg tx^^^^» diogvixtiv iTifx^l- 

39 grjaav xov nvgyov, O di xolxog t\v inl oxxut nXiv&tav 

' yrjivtov TO ivgog, Afia di xjj rmiga ditogiogvxxo ' xal dig 

xo ngd*xov duipdvij, indiu^iv I'vdo&sv povnogta xig oPtXiaxti^ 

diafATifgig xov fitjgov xov iyyvxdxto ' x6 di Xotnov ixxo^iv^ 

ovxig inolovv (itjdi nagiivat txt aa<paXig tivai, KixgayO' 

V) xuiv d* avxwv xal nvgaivovxatr, ix^otidovatv, ^Ixa^iXiog fiiv 

fJlfwy xrpf kavxov dvvafjuv, ix Kofiaviag di onXlxat q>govgol, 

xal inniig Tgxdvioh xal ovrot (JaaiXiag fiiai^oq>6got, (ag 

oydoijxovxa, xal dXXoi neXxaaxal li^ oxxaxoaiovg ' aXXoi 



220 SENO0JINTO2 [Bi6. Z\ 

6* ix ITaif&eylov, aXXoi d' c^ IdnolXaylag nal ix toip nlig- 
alov x^a^^ ^f*^ Innuq. 

*£vxavda dtf ftf^or ijr, nw^ Borai ^ Sq>odog, axontiv* %ai 
Xafioyttg, wsot ijaav p6ig xal n^o^aree, ^lavvov, xal xa fxv- 
df^tinoda irrog nXaialov noiijoiififpoi * ov totg /^tf^aacr • 
ovtta nffogfxovrtf top yovv, alXa fi^ (^vy^ tlrj ^ Stpodog, bI 
xataXinorjtg ru x^i^fiata anloHv, xm o*i re noXiftioi &ga- 
ovugoi iltv, xal ol arpa nairat i9vfi6ttgoi ' rvv di anr^s- 
aay lag n'f^l tuv j^QijfiaTiap fitxxovfievo^. End di im^a 
rbyyvXog oltyovg ftiv rovg "j^rjrag, nolXovg di rovg inixn- 10 
fiirovg, ^i^x^ott xa2 airog fila tijg fci^T^o^, T^y i»vTov 
dvi^nfiiw ixoiy, Hovkofitvog avftfifxetiixfiy tov tqyov * crw«- 
fioti&H di xul Ilf/oxXijg i^ ^AXiaai}V7jg xal Tsv&gaviag, o 
ano /tafiaQatov, Oi di ntgl Zivofptavra, inil navv ij6fi 
iniiiovTO vno rwy Tohvfiattoy xal aq>tp8ov6iy, noQfVOfitvoi 1ft 
xwXtii, onwg ta onXa tx^uv ngo tcuf ToUvfiaxtoy, fjioXig dia- 
fiaivovai tot Kaixov noxaiioy, urgtofiiyot iyyvg oi '^fiiasig. 
*EyTav&a xal *Ayaaiag 2tvf*<f>dXiog, o Xoxnyog, TixQwaxsrah 
Toy ndvxa XQOvoy iiaxofiivog nqog xovg noXffjUovg. Kal 
diaaoiiovxai, aydgdnoda tog diaxoaia ix^yxsg, xal nqoflaxa 90 
iaoy x^vftaxa. 

Tjl di vaxfqaitf -d-vadfitvog o Asvotprnvf d^dyei vvxxioq 
nay lo axqdxivfia, onoig on fiaxQotdxrjy iX^ot T»]ff jivdiag, 
wgx9 fiT^ dia x6 iyyvg ilvai q>o/iHa&ai, dXX* dq>vXaxxuy, 
O d Aatddxrjg, axomag, oxi nuXiy in* avxoy XB&vfjiivog tfti 35 
gBvoq>wy, xal navil to* atQaxtvfiaxi ij^ot, i^avXiiixai sig 
xt»'fiag vno x6 UuQ&ivioy noXia/xa ix^vaag. *£yxav&a ol 
nfgl Afvoq>i!*vxa avvxvyxdvovaiy air^, xal XafifidyovaiP aw- 
T0»', xul yvvaixUf xal natdag, xal xovg innovg, xal ndyxa 
Ttt ovxa ' xal oiiioi xa nqoiiQa Uqa anififj. **EniCra naXiv » 
iq>ixyovyTai fig Jligyafioy. *Mvxavda xoy &toy oix ^xid-- 
aato 6 Sivoqmy • avyinQoxxov ydg xal oi uidxwyig, xal o2 



K((p. rj'.] KTPOT ANABA2I2. 221 

Xoxayoi, xal oi aXkoi argaTfi/ol, xal oi atQmidiTah wgt» 
i^alqua Xafi/Sdveiv^ xal Xnnovg, xal ifv/ij, xal talka ' ^gre 
Ixavop uvai. xal aHor ifdri tv noiuv, 

^Ex xovTOV Olfi'SQfav naqaytvofitvog naqiXa^B to ax^a- 
ft Tf Vfia, xal avfifii^ag r^ ull(^ ^Elkijvixw inoXifiti ngog Tia- 
aaqti^vfiv xal ^aQva^a^or, " 

*jiQXOPTeg di o'ids trig flaaiXdug x^9^^» ooriv inrfXd-ofieif, 
udvdiag, AQjifiag* 0Qvylag, AQtaxdfiag' Avxaoviag xal 
Kannadoxlag, MvO-qi^uirig' KiXixlag, JSviwuug' iPotvi- 

10 xiig xal ^AqaSiag, Aiqvr^g * 2v^lag xal 'AaavQiag, BiXsavg * 
Ba(ivXuvog,'Pfantt(fag ' Mrfiiag^ Ag^dxag' fPaatavuv xal 
^EaniQLTtav^ Ti}gl6aiog' Kag8ovxoi Si xal XdXvfitg, xal 
XaXduToi, xal Mdxg(ov6g, xal KoXxoi, xal Moavvoixot, xal 
Koiiait xal Tifiagrivoi, avtovofioi' JIa(pXayovlag, KoQth- 

15 Xag ' Bi^wm; fliaqvdpa^og ' j£v iv EvQtonjj Ogaxwv, 
2ivdfig, 

Afji&fiog avfindarjg Tijg odov rijg avafldaiwg xal xaxa- 
fiaaftogt (na&(iol Siaxoai^oi dtxanivri, nagaadyyai x^Xiot 
kxaxov nsvTi^xovra nivre, axddia xgigfivqia xtxgaxigxlXia 

so ilaxoaia ntrxi^xovxa, Xgovov nXr^^ag xr^g apa/idatmg xal 
xaxa/idaswg, iviavxog xal xqttg fir^vig. 



19» 



NOTES. 



[GnrfroeftofV in Cl« 1VMm.—F. fir Flik^ OiMk Gramnmr, M 
AnUq. M OompMMiiain «if Oredaa AatiqoitiM, by tte Bditor.] 

BOOK FIJRST. 



CHAPTER I. 

'Af^Ccrif (compounded of i»^^ and ^«im», to go up) literally | 
means the atcent. It was not uncommon for the Greeks, when 
speaking of a Journey, to any celebrated city, to use the verb AfuCtiifatp 
thus applying its superiority over other places in size and opulence, to 
its local situation. But this form of expression was more particularly 
used when they would speak of going from the sea-coast to the inte- 
rior of a coiintry, as In the present case. Ionia, Lydia, Carta, and 
•11 the maritime provinces of Asia Minor, were called Lnoer Asia, 
while the interior was called upi}er Ana. This distinction may have 
arisen from the general course of the rivers In that country, which 
flow towards the west, and empty Into the ^^ean sea. Cyrus was 
latrap over all the provinces which border on this sea, and bence^ 
after he had collected his troops together, hu march up towards 
Bsbylon, to meet his brother In the field. Is called *Av<(C«r4r. 

As the " Anabasis ** is a book of travels as well as a book of military 
history and exploits, the student should constantly consult the map 
accompanying this work, and trace the progress of the anny. 

I. AAPKIOT.] 8ec F. Rule XVII. This Darius was the im. 
ond king of Persia of that name, c»lled also Nothus or MU^itimatc* 

B. MM^.] Cyms the younger. The histeiy of the dder 
Cyrus, or Cyrus the Great, Kiiy of Penlay Is given by XeBO|iiMMl 
iaJUs^'QyropwIia." 



n4 NOTES. [Book L 

1 6. wmfin %<rAyx»n, ht^tpened io be preaent, F. Rule XXXIi; 

Obt. S. 

6. #«rf^«v, a iairap. This wit the Persian title for a prioce 
or governor of a province. It is said to be derived from Ckairapa 
** lord of the umbrella, or shade of state.** Bearing an umbrella, as 
a distinction of dignity, b still a custom in many countries of the 
Bast, and has been so in Persia from the earliest times, where this 
sort of shade is held over the chief or king whether he be sitting or 
walking. 

7. K«#vwX«».] The plain of Castolus, in Lydia, was the place 
where the troops of Qyrus* province were accustomed to assemble • 
iO for each province of the Persian empire certain champaign situa* 
tions were designated for the assembly of its forces on the approach of 
war. 

8. Tt^^mpi^fJ] This is the same Tissaphemes who commanded 
the forces of Artaxerxes at the battle of Cunaxa. la addition to his 
faithless conduct towards Cyrus himself, he endeavoured, but in vain, 
to cut off the retreat of the Greeks, and was guilty of the grossest 
treachery to the Grecian generals, who had placed themcdves under 
his direction. But he met with a fate worthy of his baseness. Be- 
ing touted several times by Agesilaus, who was seut with some Lace- 
daemonian forces into Asia, after the retreat of the Ten Tbounnd, 
Artaxerxes became incensed against him, and ordered him to be 



9. iwXirmt,] The Grecian infantry consisted of three sorts of 
soldiers, namely, the •«->i'r«M, or heavy-armed, who wore corselets, and 
carried long spears and swords ; the ^iXm, or lighi-armedf who made 
tt^ of missive weapons, such as arrows, darts, and slings, and who 
were not calculated for close fight i and the <»XT«rr«/, or targeteers, 
who seem to have held a middle rank between the Ught and the heavy 
armed. Their bucklers were lighter than the one, and their darts 
shorter than the other, so that upon an emergency they might fight 
tt a distance or in close quarters. Their name is taken from the 
w/Xre, which they wore, a short ImcUer or target in the shape of a 
hatf-moon. See Antiq. Part 8. Oiap. 8. 

10. Umffdei^'} Hie Rurhasn were a people of Aroidh (ia 
FrioponDcsus)^ on the Laoonian finoolieiw 



Chay. I.] NOTES. 225 

14. i|M«ir«juiHf, havitig begged off for herself ex fcr her own 
jnjttf. For the force of the middle voice, see F. p. 59. 

16. tirts fAn^»ri ?«, hAiwneoerfor tlie future, 

1 7. f<r/, with tl)e dative, frequently mecns m It^ jyower of, 

18. viTfi^x** /tntttred, es/tcused the cause tf. Parysatis preserved 
ber partiality ^>r Cyras to the last, and punished, in the most cruel 
manner, those who had been rnstrirmentiil in his death. 

20. *Or«r %\ rtit wKjtM fim^iKiafft UteraBy^ w/ioever of those from 
tlie king : ci vet^m eou is en elliptical expression, meaning your mes» 
sengers .•*)•« 9r»^k fiankit/tt Vie king's courtiers or delegates, 

1. writ iwTtfiist to favorably disjws^, 

8. tln»nt£t iz*"*'] Adverbs are often put with the verb 1x*^ 
and they both together have the same sense as the adjectives cor- 
res)X}uding to those adverbs, with the verb iTyai, to be : thus t^M 
ti*0tnMt is the same as i7v«i tvvTxig, to be friendly disposed tot 
strictly there is an^Urpsis of W ii: this case, as, 7;^i/ 1\ xaX£t, titerally, 
he has himself weO. 

5. irt «r«^cr«iMT«r«y, as unprepared as possiMe. Hie particles 
ttf, •«■*»;, Sti are often joined to supeilatives, to which they give 
additional force. The expressior is of course elliptical. Formerly 
Ihrt was written as two words I 4>i (the pronoun what) i and tli^ifittv 
Hn /c«X<rrc, as happy as possible, if fully expressed, would be •vrttt 
thlttifAMf, it 7 n /liXs^ra tvtettfiti* l^rt, thus or as hajtpy, as what 
is most happy. The origin of the phrase was however soon over- 
looked, and irt was used not as a neutef pronoun, but as a particle^ 
just Uke if widi which it corresponds in meaning in other respects. 
The ellipsis in the phrase under consideration may thus be supiilled, 
iTitf XiZt fittittXia $u*ts kvrtt^AtrKtw, it t ri &wa^afKt»ir»m Irr/, 
that he might take the king as unprepared as what is most unjjrejtared. 
So Thucydides, art iyyvT»T»t as near as possible ; •n h fi(»x'^'^*f* 
flf near as possible, 

6. gv\X»yn9f a letfy of soldiers, 

8. n«X«x'«yvnW«i;«.] The Lacedaemonians at this time were tlie 
first state in Greece, and favored the colonies in Asia Minor. 

8. 7rt wXiiVtw?] See note on 5th line. 

9. «f.] For the elegant use of this particle with the genitive ab- 
folute, see Vigerus de Idiotismis Graecis^ Cap. viii. Sec 10. Also 
F. Rule XXXIII, Obs. 4. 



236 NOTES. [Book I. 

10. K#} y4f>] r^ J&r, nerer standi at the bcgimiiag oT m 
teatence. but instead of it ««2 ym^ is used. There is, of coare^ 
something to be supplied, which yd^ connects with what fbikms^ 
but this is passed over by the speaker in the Tivadty of his discoorK. 

Here something like the following may be supplied, *mi ym^, 

and . . he ordered these measures to be taken • • Jirr, &c Matthjaf, 
Sec 615. Vigerus, (Herman*.) Lond. 1824, p. 496. 

10. ri i^mtf,} See F. p. 155, *' Frequently the neuter aitide,* 
&c. 

12. MiXary.] Miletus was the chief city of Ionia, situated oa 
the searCoasL 

17. Kms m8m mZ iXXn ^^ifttrit ht and this again was anoiker 

18. T^ i/^{uf.] See F. Rule XXX. 

2S. •'•Xi^vfrc, 6y waging war, the participle uaed for the Latin 
Gerund. See Vigerus, p. S.S2, and F. Rule XXXII, Oba. 5. 

83. mirir Imw'Mw, that he was expending his means vpon 

kis JarceSf where 4^< is equivalent to ii«. 

24. m^Sf.] See F. Rule XVIII, S. 

24. mm} yd^ ^X*^* °^ ^^ ^""^ °^^ displeased at their quar- 
relling, T&r QfTus sent to the king tlie tributes arising from the cities 
which Tinaphemes happened to have / that is, that though wrested 
from Tissaphemes, they were still supposed to be held by him, as given 
him by the king* Jv for &$. See F. Rule VI, £xc 1. : and for 
Uyyxan^ ^X"^^ See F. Rule XXXII. Obs. 2. 

28. xmratTswi^, opponle to. To supply the ellipsis, nj X'^tf 
n Irri, the country which is opposite to, &c. 

28. KAME^;^«f.] Xenophon merely states here that Qeardias 
was a batdthed man, without mentioning the cause of his baoiohment. 
For this be has been accusea of a want of candor, nnoe it was for 
the crimes of tyranny, robbery, and murder. However, in drawing 
up his character (Book II, Chap. 6.) he fully exposes his violent pas. 
sion for war. 

SO. )«^ii»«vf .] The Persian daric was a gold coin, worth about 
three doILrs, and took its name from having on one side the head of 
I>arius. 

2. UfSrM, 9oluntari/y, of their own accord. See F. Rule 11, 
Obs. 8. 



Chat. IL] NOTE& W7 

3. T(ifif»i^ ixdpUnf'] See F. Rule XXXII, Obs. 2. 

5. »mi «r<i^«/t»iv«f »«*• rwv «7«m AtrurrmrmrSp, and being horaued 
hy an oppotite /action at hittne. 

6. t/i.] This preposition when joined with an accusative of num- 
ber generally means about : as tig htx*>'i»»tt about two thousand, 

6. |tM»ff.] The original meaning of ^cn; is an enemy. In the 
primitive ages there was but little intercourse among mankind, vast 
numbers lived by plunder, phyrical force chiefly obtained, and every 
itranger was looked upon as an enemy. Hence |i»«f came to signify 
a ttrangert a fjreigner / and afterwards, in a more settled and civil- 
ized state of society, a /^uest or friend. But how came it to signify 
a mercenary or hired Moldiert as in this place ? In the early periods 
of Grecian history, every soldier served at his own expense, and it 
was considered a great disgrace to receive pay for miliUry service. 
But in process of time, the Greeks enlisted Joreign soldiers into their 
armies, and paid them. Hence the changes in the signification of the 
word li90ft meaning, first, an enemy ; then, a stranger or foreigner 
and guest or friend, then, a foreign soldier < and lastly, any merce* 
nary or hired soldier, 

7. wt^iyttn^ifUft <{».] 'Av gives the sense of likelihood to the event 
10. »«T«X«rai, (r«f riXtfttv understood,) to put an end to the 

war, 

14. Utiri^mt.'] Fisidia was a mountainous country in the inte- 
rior of Asia Minor, bounded N. by Phrygia, S. by Lycia and Pam- 
pbylia. 

15. irfayfMTm r«^i;^«»r«v, giving trouble, that is by invading 
and laying waste. For m with gen. abt. see F. Rule XXXIII, 
Obs.4. 



CHAPTER II. 

21 . JImv.] Tliat is, from the sea-ooast into ti/iper Asia. 

24. IfraSim signifies here, in this place, that is, in his own domin- 
ions, rather than thither, that is, in Fisidia, according to the interpre- 
tation of Zeunius. 

26. ^»faXXmy**Tt, having been reconciled, or having come to em 
agreement. See 'A^UrnrwH in the fourth line. Aristippus dkl not 
come himself, but sent Menon. 



K0TB8. [Boos. X. 



3 S8. M fiMMV Ae mereaumy tntpt^ #w y w iyi« r i i hdi 
ilood. SmF. Rale XVIII. Obi^ U. 

4 4. «M^«».] Soffic editions have «>f«f^Min^ the Attie forai ol 
tfaM penoo ptiinl» of the plupcrfBct middle^ of the vedi Cfu. to go, 
See Port Royal Greek Giamoiar^p. tf23. 

8. >ay»Hir«f» l^fAl^niMtf totdierg, the «ne aa tb« ^^tX^L 

15. 2^e^.j Sardia vaa the capital of Lydia, and the aeit ol 
thekiogt. 

14. T^TMf^.] Diodonis idalea that AhaUailH firat betn^ 
thededign of Qrnit to Fharnabaau^ and «u therelbie put todoa^ 

16. «ff lued with the accusative^ by the Attics, for wfig fim^Amk 
16. f.] To supply the ellipsis, W 9f Of i» f Jiiwrnr^ w^ftrnmim* 

9dx*^^^ M the way m wkick he was oUe to gp the fuickaL Soo 
Bos. EUipa. under Qit* 

80. wM^m^dyyus.'] As was Stated in the 6rst edhioB, the pam-^ 
eamgf or Persian mile, is equal to about three and three-quarters^ or 
neaier three snd a half, £nglish miles, as it is undoubtedly the same 
measure as the farmngj which is in present use throughout Persia 
and which is known to be about this length. But by a reference to 
some parts of the ground travelled over by the Ten Thousand, the 
geography of which is very wdl known, and from the known average 
length of tlie daily marches of many modem armies, it appears that 
the /lanuMfig of Xenophon is equal to about three Roman, or two 
and three-quarters English miles. For instance, the distance between 
Tariut and the river Pyraniut at MopsuheUia * is known by the 
measurement of modern travellers to be forty-five Roman miles.: in 
the Anabasis (p. 12, line 26,) ii is given at fifteen ftarasat»g0. So 
also Tarsus is known to be almost seventy-five Roman miles from 
Tyana i f and in the Anabasis it is laid down at twenty -five juxra- 
iangi. It thus appears that the jxiraumg of Xenophon is equal to 
three Roman miles i that is, to about two English miles and three- 
quarters. 

Major Rennell, in his *' Illustrations of the History of the Expe- 
dition," has taken great pains to ascertain the mean daily march of 
ancient and modern armies, and has collected together many statistical 
statements bearing upon the subjecU The lesult is,. ** somewhat 

* See map. f Called fay Xenophon Ai9m, on p. 7, line 15* 



Chaf. II.] KOTES. 229 

above fourteen Britiah miles by the road." The average length of 
the daily marches of the Greeks from Sardis to Cotyora, is about 
fifteen English miles. This may seem a short distance i but it must 
be borne in mind that the situation of large armies on their march is 
very different from that of ordinary travellers walking at their ease. 
The former, besides being partially laden, are often very much retarded 
in their movements by the difficult}' of procuring food for themselves, 
and provender for their horses in sufficient quantities, eiqpecially when 
going through such barren regions, as are found in certain parts of 
Asia. It is true that Bonaparte and Alexander sometimes made 
forced marches of a much greater length ; but the former marched 
across countries well stocked and inhabited, where he made every thing 
contribute to accelerate his progress ; while the latter seemed to care 
little for either man or beast as long as his thirst for dominion contin- 
ued. In marching from Ecbatana to Bages in eleven days, at the 
rate of nineteen miles per day, Arrian says (lib. Ill), '^Although 
many of his soldiers fainted on the road, and many of his horses 
died, through excessive weariness, Alexander still resolved to pro- 
ceed at the same rate^** See Renneirs *< Illustrations*" 4t0b Lond. 
1816.^ 

20. g-raifuvf. Stations, or day*8 marcltes, which had no determinate 
length, but varied according to the nature of the country travelled 
over. 

22. )v« ^xUftt,"] The ^xU^n was a measure of 100 feet 

24. 9'«Xiv «i»«v^iinfy, an inhabited city. On the line of Cynis*s 
march, many ruined and deserted towns were met with, and therefore 
Xenophon generally mentions it, when they meet with an inhabited 
and populous city. The city Colosss here mentioned is celebrated 
on account of St. PauFs Epistles to its inhabitants. Though a 
flourishing city in' the time of Xenophon, it was destroyed four 
centuries after, and two years after the date of Paul's Epistles, by an 
earthquake, so that no traces of it now remain. 

30. /3««-i'Xii«.] This is the neuter plural of the adjective, meaning 
the royal jutlace. It is here put in the plural to include all the accom- 
paniments of royalty. 

'SO. jrM(aht^0t'\ This is a Persian word, and originally meant 
a pleasure^ardeUf and afterwards, as in this place, a park. It was 
the custom among the Persian kings to have these /xirits, which were 

20 



930 MOTES. [BeosL 

well witered, •orrottiided by wiHf and planted wifh treea ; and in 
them wiM beasts were kept, for the purpose of affording exerdae and 
amusement, in hunting, to the king and his courtiers. 

S. ^fysX«» /3«riX(Mf .] <* This is the title given by all the Greclc 
authors to the King of Persia, whidi is preserved to the successors of 
Mahomet, in that of the Grand Srignhr." Spehnan. See F. 
Rule XVIL 

7. MsfTMi*.] The historical or ftbulous accounts of persons and 
places will not always be given, as it is presumed that every reader of 
tlie '* Anabasis*' will own a Qasrical dictionary, which should be cott« 
tinually consulted. 

8. wtfi r«fMif.] The usual signification of r«f/« is wUdotn ; it 
also signifies pMUosophjf, tdeneg, and also^ as in this places the liberal 
arts, munc, and jneiry, 

19. ftv^m Moi xiXsM.} According to some editions there b a 
difcrepancy between the aggr^ate amount of troops here stated^ and 
Uie sum of all the numbers brought by each general, as mentioned 
before. Schneider has left Menon's forces out of the calculation, 
and makes the whole number 12,300. Weiske reads Tlmr-sn uV 
l«rr«»«#4Mv ii>^^»h Potion, seven hundred men, which we Asuch 
prefer, as it makes the sum of the particulars equal to the number of 
the troops stated to be reviewed by Cyrus. If we consider the 
yw^niirm and the r«(mi as Sghi'ormed troops, the catalogue will be 
thust 

*0wX7v«i. UikrmermL 

Xenfau, had 4000 

Prozenus, << 1500 50O 

Sophcnetus, the Stymphalian, <* 1000 

Socrates, ** 5(X) 

Fksion, (according to Weiske) ** 700 

Menon, ......** 1000 500 

Qearchus. ** 1000 1000* 

Sodas, «• SOO 

Sophanetusb the Arcadian, . *< 1000 

11000 9000 

• Tvo hundred of which were r4fwms^ 



Chap. II.] NOTES. 231 

22. IliXr»f,'] In going from Celaenae to Pfeltae, and thence to 
the Forum of the Ceramians or Kramians, Cyrutf appears to have 
gone entirely out of the general direction of his route, as will be seea 
by the map. But as he was making preparatious for his expedition, 
his object probably was to taLe the stores and provision* that he bad 
collected lit diflerent places. From the Forum of the Kramians he 
may be considered as commencing his undeviating route towards 
Babylon. 

23. Av««i«.] This wa» an Arcadian festival (Xeniat being an 
Arcadian), and was celebrated by horse and foot racing. It was 
instituted in honor of Rm, and resembled the Roman Lupercalia. 
The reward of victory was generally a suit of brazen annour. 
Here the rewards were ^rXtyyi^ts XC*"*"* g«We» JUsk-bnuhes or 
$craj)er$y (for we can find no better terms,} used for scraping or 
rubbing the skin, at the time of bathing, or after the exercises of the 
gymnasia. 

S2. ^i«yi.] Probably avrws is understood ; he kd them along, 
that is, encouraged them by talking of his ho/»et. For the use of th« 
participle, see F. Rule XXXII, Obs. 5. If xt**** ^ supplied, the 
tense would be, he jtrotracted the time, 

52. )«X«f.] See F. Rule II, Obs. 8. 

53, ir^iffin accordatice uHth, or characteristic of, 

S3. 7;^«tT«, agreeing with Uumv undersiood, instead of IxnrH 
to agree with Ki;^«u. See F. Rule IV, buer part of Obs. 1. 

10. 2«Tv^«v.] The satyr Sileutis^ For the tradition in connexion 
with this, see Class. Diet., article SilSnus. 

16. avTut,] Governed by it understood. See F. Rule XX, i. 

17. «-v»r«|«« ^i txagrtf rwt Ituww, and that each general should 
draw up his own troops* 

18. M rirr«(«v. Jour deep, 

21. ««r' 7Xaf KM xark ra^i«fi, by troops and companies. The 
word tXti {turma in I^tin) was applied particularly to a troop of caV' 
airy g while Tu^it was generally applied to a comjumy of infantry, 

23. a^fMi/ialnS'l This was a covered chariot^ used chiefly by 
women. 

24. x»f|^a^] See Antiq^ Part 8, Chap. 3. 

25. Ukix«^ic^^«Mf.] Weiske, with his usual acuteness, thinks 
that the true reading is, rkt »fnfuit i%xuuJti^i»at§ ««2 rkt k^wS^as 



9SS NOTES. [B<mxL 

H imiuumy9ftftimg, baring ^ir greaves weU b^imished and their Mkidds 
uneoonred ,* because Uie (bnner, being naturally mucb tarnished hj 
their journey, would require polishing, while to display the brii»htness 
of the htter, it would be necessaiy only to throw aside the part of 
their drets which protected thetn. 

26. faiXmyy%,'\ S«e Attttq. I^t 8. Chap^ 5. 

28. w^tCmXiwi— rk 7cA.«, io present their pikes, or rather, fZwXm 
including all ^enaoe tDeajHms,J to hold their arms in Jroni, in the 
manner if attack. See Aatiq. Part 8. Chap. S. 

28. ir<;^4»^rM, to advance, as if to battle. 

50. Irikinyit] See P. .Rule III, Obt. 1. 

51. Awi rtS myrtfUrw, of thetnsetves, by a sudden or euntUtane' 
0US movement. 

7 1. M Is riff kyfitt the sutllers, those who Icept refreshment and 
provisions for the jcldiers. 

12. rJiv «w;^«rr«v j^v.] See the route on the map. 

14. fttrh rSf 4(ax»*.] That is, with all his army, excepting the 
detachment sent to escort the queen. 

17. iff.] That is. If f ;^;f •>. 

15. fMMKirniv.] It was the custom in Persia, for the king and 
men of high ranlc, to wear purple, and he who had attained an ele- 
vated station, was called ^untuwrit. These two words, fMMJurriif 
^ATiXu^v, may be translated, a royal courtier. 

20. li }i iirC«A.fi.] There are several passes leading into Cilicia, 
fivm Cappadoda on one side, and Syria on the other : but the two 
through which Cyrus and Xenophon march, are the chief. The one 
through which tlie army is now about to go is properly calletl the 
CUicion ftau^ leading over mount Taurus in Cappadocia, into Cilicia, 
It U situated a few miles south of the city Tyana.* »« The entrance 
vaa Juat broad enough for a chariot to pass ; very steep, and inacces. 
a/We to an army if there had been any opposition." 

S€. 970-00 ^„ i^{^^ within the mountains, that is, on the nde 
towards Tarsus, where was the palace of the king , though Menoa 
wa« on the other gide with respect to the situation of Cj'rus. 

- ••' i^Xet'T^-n, where the CUicians used to keep watch. 
wmm '"^^^^ ^^presses a continuance of action or habit, for this 
•»«^on usually guarded for the defence of the toimtry. 

'Called by Xenophon AiCvs, Dana, 



Cbay. IIL] NOTES. ^33 

31. rt^Mv.] This extensive plain lies between tlie liTers Cydnus* 7 
and Pyiiunus, in the former of which Alexander bathed, when raj 
warm, and nearly lost his life in consequence. See Quintus Curt. 
Lib. III. Cap. 4. 

82. ifAwXtMv.] This adjeetiYe is declined in the Attic fbrm, like 
ulytett. See F. p. 46. 

?.2, ^rttfuv tu ftiXtnt*."} The temme is a leguminons plant, 
found in the Levant^ which is used as food, and from which an oil is 
extracted. It resembles the bean in the manner of its growth. The 
difference between /ftiX/»«, jxmic, and xiyxt*'* wHlet, is, that th« 
former bears its grain In ears, the latter in bunches. They both 
make bad bread. 

1. i* SmXamif tU ^rnXmrrmtJ] Qjuintus Curtius, in speaking o 
of this ridge of mountains, says that it is of a semicircular riiapc^ 
each end terminating at the sea. See tnap. 

IS. Xix**»1 See Antiq. Fkrt 8. Chap. 5. 



CHAPTER III. 

S. r«v it^th farther. Schneider thinks that the text is here 9 
corrupt, and that it should be «■• r^rw. Yet from the number 
of passages in which vm v^m is found, it cannot but be regarded ■• 
genuine. The ellipsis may be supplied by %tk vtS riww w^m^ 
through any place Jariher, 

5, tCm^iT*, (imperfect,) wai for conytellmg, began to eompd, 

5. 2&iXA«9,] r«<f XiVmt is here understood > but they contbnted 
to attack him with 8tone$* 

7. T§S fitn MirMviT^w^MM.] After verbs which contain a denial 
(as Vilfvyt)t the negative ^ji is added to the infinitive. 

12. ;^«Xf«'i7f fifM r«7f wm^tSet wfrnyfut^ttk] The dative is often 
put after neuter verbs, where the cause or occasion is expressed with 
M understood-t — that I am distrested at the firetent atate of Mii^gsw 

16. Jacobs has omitted a Yihrasc after 1^, wliich, it is bdieved, is 
found in all the other editions. It is kXX* «»)) mI«W«Ai#m» 
naiker did I Imuh it upon mypteatum. When kXXk is followed 

• Whfeh flowed through Tarsus. 
20* 



t94 NOTES. [BooKl 

9 hftiUfH nem wttntwer, Jkrtkerman ,- and gtmOj menamtm the 
|bcce«rfbeMgativepMlide. See Vigcras, p. 472. 

19. Jfw^Wbfc] This TCfb goTeras tvo accanlivek See MaC- 
«ii«. Aft. 412. F. Rttle XXV. 

244 tTMM.] Sdiiwider, oa tbe e ulb ui Uy of Ponoo, n < i et ilyl ei 

10 «• J» A«<.] See F. IMe XLVII, Ote. 2. 

4. 4x«|«Wmw] Tlib b in the ftnt aor. nid. iafin. hy syarope 
^ IXt^m^imh from Che vcfb ixi|i«s thoagh it mi^ be fenaed 
.^ragukriy from J^SS^ vhidi b tekbin used. ^ 

4. *Xlr ifUm a$9 lUrtt «w> r«i^>«» fa;|«s, literally, Jloee «i 

cpudan «f me, iherrf!ire, as going, that is, JTnov lAm tkat I MkaBgm, 
^. The particle it is dc*gaotly construed with participles in the 
genitive^ insiead of «V« with dtefmU verb, 

10. r««r«« ^ir«e<;», 6e»^ perjdexed at tkem ikings, not kmawrmg 
ko» to manage tkem. The verb d«'«fi7» is found with both tbe gedi- 
tive and dstive, but with difierent significations t «irs^ «vm ia» ** not 
to Icnow what course to ulse in any matter ; " Atrtfttw «*«( is» ** to be 
deprived of any thing.** 

17. rflb^iff, M. r. X., «t if evidemi thai Cjyrut stands in a simSar 
fdaHon towards tcs* tkat we do towards him ; that is, " we are each 
independent of the other.*' This speech of Qearchus is one of 
much shrewdness i since he tdls the aoMicrs that they are at fiberty 
to do sa tlM^ plwMe, and at the same time puts many difiBculues in 
their wsy, should they conclude to abandon Qynis. He therefore 
gorema them, without their sus^^ectiqg it. 

22. r j fth fiy»0Tt9t in the first jdaoe, or, more e^jccialfy, becawue, 
&c. 

23. rdMw.] KmA if here to be supplied. F. Rule XLU. 
Obs. 1. 

27. ^N^Mf.] The present tense used for the fliture. 

27. «^v«S, herek The elllpds is Iw' a^mI riirtm, m tkit place. 
See Bos. Ellipses Gnecx. 

27. if l0faki0rmrm,} See note on page 2, Sne 5. 

Si. H) ft Awn^, this man, by way of eminence^ referring to Cym, 

22. ^x^t*** 9»kifU9f^ The diflerence between these two wotdi 
^ that the former means a prieate enem^y and implies malice, and a 
^csun for revenge^ while the latter signifies a psiUic enemjf^ or sm 



Chaf. in.] KOTBS. 255 

enemy in vmr, where the pardei ire excited fay no inJiHdual itialrro- \Q 

leaoe. 

1. wifftf m^rmf mmtn^hu^ to he encamped fir /hm him. Il 

4« i» rmt nlnfUirw, voluntarily, according to thekr incHnatiotiM, 

5. i^KiXiwrrM.] This word exemplifies the peculiar beauty which 
the pr^qpontion h, in compodtion, potkesaet ; namely, ^at of dimin- 
ishing the force of the word with which it is eompounded. In tlSs 
respect it corresponds to the Latin mb ; as MbfvMctts, hrowiUsh, tome' 
what browns subfrigidus, coot, aomewhat cold* So fn Gh-eelc^ 
tyx^»'ff* greenkhf fftvm^^ hUterith. And in this ptace HM 
soldiers are said not to be xiXivrrM, ojtenly directed, but i^^xiXivrrw^ 
tecreUy instructed, privately advited. See Vigerus, p. 6 1 1 • 

6. «t>itf riff yftifuut contrary to the wish, 

1 9. finhif v/un Xtyirm, let no one of you nominate me, &c. 

21. «f.] The form of expression is here changed, otherwiae 
irurifUtt would be iruei/u^w^ to eorrespond with e^^ar n f iirmvm 
'tit here means thatf and is put for Ith witJi tiie eUipsif ^t Asyinft 
to be supplied. 

22. &(x*'Sm, to obey. 

25. Aixt^ w«X<» [r*y] eri^M K4(«v fA wMw/aiMv. as Jf Cyrus 
would not make his -journey back agaiih that is, by sea, and wouU 
therefore want ships. *How foolish then,* says Ckjarchus, * would it 
be for us to ask of him the only means of conveying back hi« army*^* 

27. XuftanifAtSmt to JrustratCf to bring ruin upon s from Xi^/ft% 
plague, ruin. 

27« «^» w^S^K, the enterprise. The di6erence between wfil^, ia4 
f^y«y is, that the former means an action m pregnth the latter,, on^ 
action completed, 

28. r« a»^ hfA w^$MaTaXaf€fidwff to earn ^pen thest he^fUi^ 
for us. 

51. T($4^tei, is governed by rw, understood* 

52. »v;^ •tif T% term, it -will not be possSUe. Omt, implyfa^ 
ability, is veiy frequently thus used, with ^mwth understood ; as 
ooM leri T0uST$f» •it WMiTv, he is not such an one as to do it^ that i% 
he is not able to do it, 

6. wma^mUwrm, who Went up with him. These relate to the |5| 
three hundred Greeks, who attended Qynit to eQUrt* under the com* 



tM NOTES. [BokL 

13 9k r^ f«Ai«9.] X^^9 or >«ff wlobe fup|»licd. 

14, rk )«(«frs r$ ^r^mrsf, the molvtknu of tke arwtym 

SI. «>f«f«iT««r4.] n^ in compoMtioiv generally iiieroue» tbc 
iigiitficatioo of tbe nmple word, m in this pUoe i «^«jru» umbiw 
to tuk eartu$lfyt to impoHuMe, and here, perbapi, to atk fvr more, 

S5. •».] Tbu ia in tbe genitiva^ by tbe Attic attraction < one 
and a Aa^ of that wkick they Teethed b^e^ tbat ia, half as muck 
more. F. Rule VI, £xc. 1, CM*. K 

84. fw ftmn rf er^rm^} Here ia a double dfipaia ; Uk ia 
«Bdantood before fuiHt» and Imder^ befiupe rvfMiMry. 



CHAPTER IV. 

13 5. *H>t7rt.] There were two fleeta nniled t ^thagoraa bad tbe 
eonunand of the reaidt from Peloponncsua, and Tamoa of tboae from 
Ephcava > in all aeventj yeasda. Cynia intended witb these to 
attack the fortreaa at the paaa aituated ou tbe shorea of tbe gulf of 
lasua : but the enemy retired and left it open to him. 

10. tt^fum, lay at anchor, from i^feut, and not ,lrom T^fuuff n 
aome of the commentators have auppoaed. 

11. M* va^ ' *AC^mifuf it^ferJarut who were wkh Jhroca^ 

w/OM, having deterted him, &c. 

15. rvA««.] This paas, called the Gates- of CUida and Syria, ia 
alao known by the names of tbe l^yrioH Straight and the Maritime 
Fam, from iu being formed by the near approach of mounjt Amanua 
to tbe Mt. It consiatcd of a narrow strip of land, extending from tbe 
diflk of the mountains to the water. Across this were built the for- 
tifications, two paralld walla Qw rd^^n) about fire hundred yards 
apart, the inner next to Glicia, and tbe outer next to Syria. Be* 
tween these flowed tbe riwr Carsus. 

d «• 

% — g1 



Chap. IV.] NOTES, 287 

"The space between the two fortified Ikies hang the Ofiposite 13 
quarters for such they must be considered) being no more than three 
stadia along the coast, proves that there must have been a considerable 
space between the rocky face of the mountains and the sea ; and that 
nothing like a defile or very narrow space was intended. For, whea 
Xenophon says that the pass was narrow (rrwn), he ooukl only mean 
in reference to a fnmt formed for an attack, since there was widtli 
enough for a fortress, and that fortress large enough to contain a cqn- 
siderable force." Rennell. 

20. rr«2/«i.] The rr^^ssft or rrdh99, of the Greeks was about 
equal to an English furlong. See Antkj. Appendix. 

20. «v» nv.] Supply the ellipsis, hnmriv, 

22. iiXiCatroi.] Tills word (compounded of JKx««f, the n<n, and 
^«/*«, to go,) literally means, reacfdng to the tun, or tun-extending^ 
a beautiful e|^thet. 

24. Urmt-i^xirmt Aw«C«Cari«fv, that he might iand hit heaoy^ 
armed injhnliy. 

25. iir«»«ilS«^ withiHt that is, towards GUcia; and wUhoutf 
towards Syria. 

2. «Xjk«)if.] See Antiq. Part 9. Chap. 1. |4 

.5. pXTifiUiiitntt being jnquedt thinking themtetvet (Hehonaired. 

13. Iwtermrttiem* b the third plur. pres. imper. of iwi^mfuu, to 
know* 

14. A^*M(ti*mtrif.] The diflerenCe between this word and ir*- 
mftyyawif, is this t a person is said £«-«)^«mm, when he has absconded 
and is out of knowledge, or in a place unkaown ; but he is said 4w«- 
^vyu9, when he has absconded and is oui ^ power, or cannot be 
taken. The context clearly shows this distinction. 

19. Mm»£t «••<«.] See F. Ride XXV, Obt. 2. 

19. t^ X(nfMirm JkTtryXS, thai I jilundered ikem of their prO' 
perty. From rvAn, plunder, booty^ ^ 

19. 4«yT«ry.] Some copies read Av after Vv^rm* Stephanu^ 
fiutchinson, and Weiske retain it \ Zeunius, Porsoa, and Schneider 
fi^ject it. Porson says of it, '* Nullis niai sequ^ mendosis excmplis 
•defendi potest.'* This word is tlie Attic form of the third pert. plur. 
ImpLrative^ for tviewt. 

23. wnt w^w.] See F. Rule II, Obt. 10. 

S9. rAii^ it from wXi^t in the accusative notfular, contndcd. 



998 MOTES. [Book L 

14 99. Mtt M 2i^] It ■ eTidcnty ftom the united testimoa^f of manj 
sncicnt historiaiu, that tbe Syrians aUtained from the eating of fish 
and pigeons, considering them sacred. See Class. Diet, under iSSpjiu* 
rimts and DerciUo, ** The river is filled with an incredible number of 
fine carp, some of which are two feet in length. As> they are iurbid«- 
dni to be caught or molested, they multiply exceedingly i it being re- 
garded as a sacrilege of the most unpardonable kind, for any one to 
use them as food. There is every reason to believe, that this absti- 
nence is a relic of the ancient superstition of the countiy^ which taught 
men to worship Dagon or Venos, under tbe form of a fi«b, and, con- 
sequently, to abstain from eating their god." Buckingham's TraveU 
in MesopoUmia, Vol. I, Chap. S. 

32. tlf ^«raei» Ithftivm.'^ It was a custom with the kings of Per- 
sia to allot difierent cities to their queens, to supply them with di£k- 
rent articles of dress. These villages seem to have been given to 
Parysatisy to supply her with girdles. Some eopies read ^mi», and it 
would then be translated, to mpjdy her table, 

15 S. «i(«4.}' 'fir^sy is. here to be supplied ( wbkh the teotmu of tht 
year jtroduced, 

7. ^«i7r«, wat sUualed, 

8. ^«>^«»«f.] The diflfefent writers upon the geography of Asia 
Minor, Forster, Williams, Lake, Rennell, and others, do not agree 
upon the exact position of ThapMcus, and many other phices men- 
tioned by Xcnoplion. But it wduld be altogether out of place to in-> 
troduce topographitvl diseassions here. As a wh«)le we preftrr Major 
Ilenneir» ** illustrations,** and have therefore followed him. See mapw 

1 4. irmXttii ail along before* 

17. s«M T«M>«, and that toiK Supply the ellipsis )i)w»i, afsd Ar 
garc this monry to thote gcmg not to battte, &e. 

SO. ^>«<.] For the value of this coin» see Antiq. Appendix. 

20. fu^0$9 itri Xa, full jtay, 

92. m,iTHi itfty to be the catae of, io have ir^uenee by your cr- 
amjtie, 

33. x*(** <*'^«'«'» will acknowledgt the favor. The verb is from 
•7^ to tee or know, 
15 I, i1 rtt »m.) &\\»u that is, IteUrarmi understood, tf any other on* 
know*t he certainly doe*, 

2, hy mw^Pn^ievvTot, but ^ they should determine net, that it, 
■ot to cross tbe Euphrates 



Chaf. v.] NOTES. 239 

2. &irifitr.'} The present of the rerb Cfu hts tke ngnifieation of 16 
the future. See F. p. 116, Obs. 1. 

2. vtSfttTttiuv, for r§ tftraXst' S,9t/Aiv tU r$S/tiretXt9, toe wH! g9 
tack. To supply the ellipsis, minfuv tU r« /»i^«f rnt •)«? I Ur) f^ 
itMXtv, we wU go to the jtart of the way winch it beliind, 

S. K^^mf.] See F. Rule XVIII, 8. 

24* i^t^srUrnvTc, procured propithns Jor thenueleet* Tlu #7<r««. 



CHAPTER V. 

26. l^/MVf, in the midst of a detert. This u the southern part 
of Mesoputatnitt. Ammianus says that this region is excessively 
sandy and barren, having no water excepting that whieh is sait and 
stagnant, and prodncing nothing but dragon-root, wormvood, and a 
few other heibs of this dass. '* The aspect of the country was 
dull and uninteresting, as there was neither mountain, vaUey, nor even 
plain ; the whole being an unequal vurface, like the high and long 
waves of a deep sea, when subsiding from a tempest into a calm, and 
not a tree any where in sight to relieve the monotony of the scene." 
Buckingham's Travels. 

1. SXnst thrttbbery, brush, |^ 

3. Sft Ayfiu,] The swiftness of wild asses, and their fondness for 
desert places, have been confirmed by all naturalists. See also Hoseo, 
▼iii. 9. Job, xxiv. 5. Jeremiah, ii. 24. Isaiah, xxxii. 14, where 
it is predicted that Jerusalem will become a desert and ** a joy of 
wild asses." 

3. rr^«v#M.] This word, when not attended with the qualif>nng 
a4iectiTe fuym\ms, usually signifies sparroufS* But vr^wiii «j f-^y^ 
Xm, ostriches. 

4. tirtitt, bustards, which are small birds, and are remarkable for 
having but three claws. As food they are condemned by some, and 
lauded by others, among whom is our author. The theme is, probi^ 
bly, •{# , the, ear, as they have this organ larger than any other bird of 
their size. Their sense of bearing is ao acute that sportsmen find It 
diiBcult to approach them. 

4. )«^»40if , roe-buekt, or rather gaxdUs, 

8. rmirw WtUvf, they did the same, that is^ Ihtj ran on before and 



S4S NOTES. CBoocI. 

18 19. I9H fU, unku where. 

91. ftdxt^M.} The pronoun «Jr«f it here underttood* UisteMl of 
the accuntiTe ^ ai the subject of the infinitive is the sanoe as that of 
die participle m^'^m*. See F. Rule IV, Exc. 

83. irJ] The rerb ij/t} is often used in this eOiplical aense, mean- 
ing power orpouibSkjfi as {v ewnshiTf, it vxu to perceive, that is, oicjr 
one nU^ perceive. 

24. wkiiu x^ttfiom the extetU of Us territory g wXmhs »ti^ 
wm»y from the number of it* inhabitant*. 

S5. rt In^d^m.] See F. Rule XXX. 

SO. ex^^ff VHth raft*. This word is an adjective^ meanings, tud- 
den, haetify done, from ex*^h adr. near ; and it agrees with vrnpri, 
understood ; ^xt^itut tmv^i, with boats or rafts made frr the occasion. 

50. Atffifot^ Mns, of which the tents of the soldiers were usually 
roade^ and with which, after being stufied in the manner here described, 
rivers wer^ often crossed. The Euphrates, acconfing to Buckingham, 
is even now continually crossed, by men and boys, upon goat-skins 
tightly filled with air. They extend themselves upon this buoyant 
substance^ clasp their arms around one end of it, throw their legs ova 
the sides of the other end, and, by I he propelling motion of their feet, 
cross the river with considerable rapidity. 

51. etnny§f Moi eoneittn, drew them together and ttitched them. 
ZiwtrrM from ev^irdt*. 

SI. Mf^)Lmemf A:«r'»] See F. Rule XXIII. 

SS. fimXMf$»,'] The Persians made a very agreeable wine from 
dates, the fruit of the j)alm tree. B«X«Mf is theyhof, and fttwj^ 
the tree. 

19 S. *A/*^iXi{<B»rw» rt, dis/mting about something. 

10. rMf •'1^2 «vT«f, friends, companions, 

11. ir^nXmint, was marching with the army, 
S4. lywv.] 'KavTtS eT^mrtuftm, understood. 

24. Uw rk SwXm, ordered arms, that is, made his soldiers stand 
to their arms, to be prepared for any emergency. 

. 26. h-t, mvT^u iM«-«Xi»#AfMB4, that, wtdle he hinueifnarrowfy 

eeooped being itoned to death, he (that is, Proxenus) should qteak, &e. 

20 4. If Uwf lyinn, he came to hhnetff, that is, was convinced of his 



5. uturk X''^'*' ^ ^^^ plaeei. 



Chap. VL] NOTES. S4S 



CHAPTER VL 

6. 1z***'l ^ dinuBuHve noun, tlie dieme of which is fxHt* 20 

7. 9Tifi»f, (from mrtiCm, to tread,) dgnifiet the path or the print 
of the feet upon the sand. 

10. r^ 9r0X{fu«, in mUUaty science ; xmrk is understood. At^^^ 
fiiMSy ranked, 

^ 14. »»iXyiru% rtS xaitn ImiwTKs, literally, toould prevent them 
going abouty from Immingf that is, wotUd prevent them from going 
ab(mt, and laying watte the country hy Jure. See F. Rules XXIII 
and XXX. 

27. irr«.] " We often find a council of seven mentioned ty the 
writers, who treat of the affiurs of Persia i which council seem to have 
heen instituted in memory of the seven Persian noblemen^ who put the 
Magi to death, of whom Darius Hystaspes, afterwards king of Perria, 
was one." Spelman. 

4. VinyyttXi vtip x^iVjr, he gave an account of the trials 21 

5. &^x,*** *'**' ^y^tf to b^^ or open the confutation* 
9. vvrtutJ] See F. p. 57, Obs. after «Jr9f. 

9. yi^^"] This conjunction may be considered as declarative, giv- 
ing additional force to the sentence with which it is connected, and 
may be rendered titdy, verily. But it is always, strictly speaking, 
causal, and connects something understood with its own sentence. 
Here we might supply, / have talken this course for, &c. 

10. Ivti h rttx^tift t^ierwards, being commanded, &c* Cyrus 
intends, liy the clause if tpi murif, to accuse Orontes out. of bis own 
mouth, since^ although a sulgect of Cyrus, be acted in obedience to 
the king. 

18. M«;;«.1 See F. Rule XXV, Obs. 2. . 

18. iiwtf,] Second person sing, imperf. of^vtwftm, 

h9. tyfttf rkf nmvTw ^vtrnfuv, conscious of thy own power, meta* 
ing to imply his want of power. 

20. M TOT rUt 'A^ri^)«« CmfitU."} The altar of Diana tt Bph*. 
nis is, probably, alluded to here. It was usual for criminals to fly to 
the altars of the deities for protection, and, these places being esteemed 
sacred, no one could forcibly drag the suppliant from his place of le. 
fiige. To add force and solemnly to an oath also, it was customaiy 
to swear with one hand Ipi rw C^/tiu 



SM NOTSS. [BoocL 

21 SI. If««^.] Hus is tbeinfefftct, frr S^, by Ae iEofie dia. 
lect vUch adds 9«. The Umc sowrtimrm ronowes the aa^ncnty I7 



27. ><^] See Dole Ml line ». /awsT ooti &, voa, &r. 

Q S. «« MTT^ fwrw tTsM, a» far m regarjg ktjm. But to be more 

critical^ «• is i» the arcusatfre sad ena mite d vilb Am^ and dMj to- 

gather, meA aa a adbataulive; are gu i uml hy *««• Mi dfewt ead s tv 

^i, as lo 6<iN^ as ia omr eofmexim^ n Jar as we are eo n$ i a eie d with 

Mm, oeosjirmswe lay Um t ■ ■iii wkk kirn, far Mattlya^ 

Art. 539, and SSS, p. 409. 

6. IXa^Cww «w ^i(»w.] It wn emUUamrj mawng the Peraana to 
ky hold of the crimiiars gyfdie when he was condcaincd to death. 
See F. Bide XIX. 

6. M imdTf^ to pmikim Udtmtk, 

8. «;M«f«vMM.] The Persiam used to nfaite their Hag, or waj 
one off hb court, by totd piwtralion a£ &e body, and Idanng the 
fcet. 

11. rsflv«W^*9.] The sccptra vasb as it now ia, as eamgn of 
great dignity. Tke seeptre-hearen wave probably a ^fis-guanL around 
the person of the king^ 



CHAPTER Vn 

S2. mM^X^ deserters 



23 



h»i tipoH tke fiUtmimg mpmu^ s tmhtmitmt. 
^rtersf ftom mhrit and ^mXm«» gom^ spowtm^ 

^ ' • . • . . m^t^mtrnf wot wom a MNsnf fl^ ■at Miag h^ ammI o^ 

HuIeXVIfl,^. ^ ^ 

-^ ^" *Oa-«^r.J Thia exfaortathre fwrticle is ffreqoentTy used in thin 
Jptiealmarmer, especially among the Atties. The Terb to he sup. 



neousfy, 
27. 4 
Hule XVIfl, 6. 



^ n 



•*J See F. Rule VI. Exc. 1 



.... rxS^.j See F. Rule XLII. 



•»*«• Sehnwder Md DlDilorf tore not. V iIhx 



Chap. VII.] NOTES. 945 

be retained, it will read thus t jf you are able to vnihstand thete, and 23 
metkinks I am aahatned to make any other tupposUion, you will know 
what kind of men there are in this country of ourt, 'HftSt may be 
governed by x'^Cf* ^^ M^tivBut * if by the latter, we should trans- 
late it, what thete men of oun are. If there be no comma after 
hȣt the passage may be rendered, and in other resj)eft8, metkinks 
I am ashamed that you should know, &c. Observe the difierenee 
between itt^ttifvt and kvifSf, The same distinction exists in Latin 
between homo and vir, 

9< ifuiv ri* fdv fitvXifi tv§f, whoever tfyou, indeed, nuxywiJu 

10. T»tf •1—t ^ifXMT«r, envkd by those at home* 

10. ^ * §!fMi4 rtnnn^ bid, methrnks, I shall effect, 

14. r«Mvr«.] K«/^^ understood. 

20 •Ttfir, Attic for •trntt from hrts. The latter part of the 
preceding sentence is understood here : «v ^vntfrm Mnttv §1 Mfmfruf 
which is uninhabitable by reason of the cold, 

21. rmr(mrtu0v^n, govern in the capacity of satraps, 

22. roirmf Iy»;«ri7(.] See F. Rule XIII. 

23. ^11 •«».] With infinitives after negative propositions or verbi^ 
these two negatives are equivalent to the Latin quin, or quominus j 
as, •utUt Ixxti^m r0 ^i^ «v frv^t^^ui, Soph. " I will leave nothing 
undone but that I may ascertain,** &c. But where the opt., sulg., or 
indie, follows, ^« tb are equivalent to ne nonj as Jifrt »v rtSrs 
%ii»tiMtt (tn »U ix"* " ^ ^^<^^ ^ ^^^® ^^ ^'^^^ ^ '^*'* ^^^ ^ *^^^ ^^ 
have,*' or <* lest I should not have,** &c Matthiae, art. 608. 

24. «y tS yivnrms, if the event prove Javorable, 
S3. JSii 9a»f, somewhat m this manner, 

S3. 0?i/.] The Attics, in some verbs, terminate the aecond per- 
son singular of the pres. ind. pass, in u * as fiwXu, •fu, i^u. Set 
F. p. 88. 

5. Ii^t is here, by metonymy, put for k^wtU^i^ «4 

7. ^^wampi^.l See Antiq. Part 8. Chap 2. 

8. U«r«i* »«) •7««ri fAu^tmitt,'] As f/k»^tks signifies a myriad, or 
ten thousand, the army of the king consisted of twelve bundrad 
thousand t but this probably does not mean fighting men, but indudet 
an the followers of the army. 

85. ifyvml,} See Anti(|. — Appendix. 
21* 



f<9 * NOTES. [Booxl. 

34 Sa rXWk] For die diflerence between tliif w«r4 ud »««, see 
Antiq. Fkrt 8. Chap^ t. 

S2. «'«i^ ' «&ro nh "Evf^drnf, on the uie towartb the rwer 
Euphrates. This tm^^h ifwrrJi wu a temporary trencb dug by 
Artaxerxea §6v tbe protecti«i» of bb camp, and who% dbtinct from 
the ^(9%H9 eannU^ wfaieh were opened between tiie Suphrates and 
Tigris for purposes of agricultiire aad navigation. This trench 
however was left unfinished for the hut twenty feet towards the 
Suphrates, and through this narrow pass («'a^«W rrtMi) Cyrus 
■marched. 
^ 1. ivr) l^oftMrnt htttead of a JiHjfieathm or rm imm rt. 

12. )!»« rilx«v«>«.] From this it appears that ten UikmU and 
ikne thotuand darks were eqnaL 

18. rl1kwX6%UiM0rtmterpmrt^ tkeww^. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

91. i/»f) ^9^<^ wXM»9^A9y about the JkB-martet time, whidi 
was the third hour, or nine o'doch in the morning. It is not unusual 
to find in the classics the time of day denoted by the employment of it. 

22. i ermiftif, tfie place Jbr enaimpmeni, ^ 

23. Avk K^artt ot fuU speed, 

26 11. 9»^tt/tn^tVt-t.'\ See Antiq. Fkrt 8. Chap. 2. 

12. i^Aifv.] This word does not here mean, bare of erery thing, 
hat destitute in relation to v^at goes before. The Greeks had helmets 
upon 'heir heads, but Cyrus* head was destitute of the hdmet: that 
is, he only wore the tiara, or turbattf according to Plutarch, who 
says, that in this battle the tiara of Cyrus fill from his head, 

14. ^ptXmTt Ttut mifmXmit, with only the tiara upon their heads, 
Weiske and Wyttenbach think that this sentence, from Xiytrat to 
Immiv^iwi^/v, is spurious. For, in the first place, it is at variance 
with what has been said before of the equipage of Cyrus' six hundred 
horse; and, secondly, Xenophon would not have used the word 
Xlytrmtf in reference to a (act which he might have seen with his own 
cjres. Some would wish to insert xmXtu§vtt instead of IXJUof, 
thereby eonfinfaig this custopi to the ancient Pernasai otherty wnJU 



GBAr« VIIL] N OTB S. M7 

19. hixn*] The time denoted by this word ia about tbe niddk of 26 
tiie aftemooD* or three o'clock. 

SO. r¥X9^»] The word ^9%^ meats detue, crowdedf and howa^ 
muckf almndani : %^9f ^l •& ^KC^ ^^ *'^ ^*^ ^ ^"^ Hme* 

22 ikr^mwrt, began to glkter, 

25. ytf^iati, buddcT'bearen^ wo called from the Tertian MM 
yifftPt which waa made of osiers and corered with hide. 

28. Mttrk Unit according H their nationtt or each natiun bjf it$^ 

28. TXmtri^.l The diflerence between irX«irM9 and TXniUw, is, 
that the former is an iMongt the latter o a^wore, to denote whlcli 
Xenophon uses vXmUfv Ui^Xtv^^f, and not vXmiUf* See Arritmi 
Tactica^ p. 69. AI^, compare Book 3. Chap^ 4. 

29. ^MXMnrm 0vx^*% aejnrated at a contiderabU dManee, when 
#!%»«» is used adverbially or with Mmrk understood. 

32. uw» ^tts yt^^itt under the $eaU of the chmriotetru 

32. i»t ^MMirru*.] See F. Rule XXIX. Obs. 3. 

1. Ia^m-mv.] Hiis is the future participle, Attic form, for iA«i> ^7 
eirrttv, from {x«vw, fut. lAi#^ dropping the #» and contracting, IXm. 
It is used ukh mst in the genitive absolute. See F. Rule XXXIL 
Obs. 6. , 

4. m int^riwi at much at pottSUe, 

4. |y Zrf . ] Supply fiUfUiTt, wUh an equable pace, 

5. If r^wf,'] X;«»t >* ^^*^ understood i at ttit thne. 

6. rf KxU^xv *fi^] "^^ ^<^ ^ Cunaxa* u Mi^r ReBvai 
well observes, appears to have been lost through the error of Clearclniu 
in not following the counsel, or rather in not obe^'mg the orders of 
Cyrus, to bring up his men against the centre of the enemy, in which 
the king was posted i " for,** saya he, " if we break thatp our work it 
done.** The king bad such a siiperknifty of numben, that when k* 
stood in the centre of his own army, he was beyond the left wing of 
that of Cyrus i and Qearchus, fearing to be surrounded, could not 
be prevailed upon to withdraw his right wing from the river. As th* 
king, therefore, found that no one opposed Mm m front, he wheeled tu 
the left in order to surround Cyrus* army. It was then that Cyrut. 
advanced to attack the kiii^ and broke and diap^nraed the strong 
body of choice cavalry which attended him ; but in the purwit km 
kfanacif WW left aknost uaaftteuded, wd hi « iMk and Ikiioua attack us 
tku kjng waa dain by an dbscuwt jadltidual 



948 MOTES. [Book I 

527 It miy tberefere be inferred thit hid Cleirchut brought his forces 
to the centre of the king's army, the event would hsire been totsDj. 
diflercnt. No one can doubt but that victory would have attended the 
steps of the Greeks ; and a victory in the centre would either have 
placed the king in the power of Cyrus, or driven him out of the 
field. But then we shouU have been without the ** Anabasis,*' the 
choicest piece of ancient miliury history, and fiurly worth the history 
of all the Persian dynasties since that period. 

17. U Tf s^, m the tame fthce, 

18. U «w» tn w^tivrmff from the toldiert at thejf eame up* 
81- i^tkmeatt kavimg ridden up, 

92. Iwirntrsf,] kawng ttopped for the purpose of heating him. 
Bocnemann renders it animum ad Xemiphtmtem advertent, 

89. )i;^«/MM, (jrip «i«Mf understood,) / receive the omen .- or sup- 
ply rw Aj« mwS^ s«} fi»w. 

S3. Iwtudpi^n. ] The Greeks used to sing two pteant ; one, be- 
fiwe the battle, to Mars % and the other after the battle, to Apollo. 

83. l|[t»»^MM*i.] The metaphor contained in this word is veiy 
beautiful. The theme is cv^c«, a wave ; for as the wave lifts its 
head above the level expanse of the waters, w here, a part of the 
army, undulatet or Jtucluates from the rest, in its eagerness to en- 
gage in battle. 
2S 8. 'EvitacXiV ] This is an epithet of Mars, derived from *£ymw, 
BeUana^ the goddett of war. After the paean was sung it wss usual, 
before going into battle, to invoke the aid of Mars, under this appel- 
htion. 

8. Atyiwri )i ntir.] The question has been asked, why does 
Xenophon, who was prssent at the battle, relate a circumstance on 
the authority of others? To this it may be answered here, that he 
oould not be present at different parts of the army at the same time, 
and that what he now speaks of, occurred elsewhere than where he had 
his ststion. 

5. r«|<ir/iH».] Supply wfM^ or %U ttvrwg, before an arrow reached 
themt that is, before they came within bow^oi. 

8. Tk h U^ftmra l^i^ir* rk pit, and the ehariott were borne along, 
tome^ ttc. 

« 10. leu) w^M^Mif htermvTt, when thejf earn them eomkg ai m diN 
tenos, they dinded, or opened their rankt. 



Chap. IX.] NOTES. 249 

10-. Urt TH hrfft nteraTlT, tJiere was one tgho, that is, jDirnr ^ 
ohe: MmrtXn^fti, was seized, was caught np: i^^XmytUt being 
ttruck with astowshmeiU {ob rej)enlinum adventum hostiumf Lex. 
Xen.) Schneider remarks, Perscf enim curribHS Jalcatis insistent 
tes jrugnabatU, Grteci ens titabant laxatis ordiuMnis ; pauci imjfru 
denies correpti a currilms et dejecti /Uerunt, 

II. »vh9 fAitT$i «0^.] This repetition of negatires^ in Greek, 
gives great additional force to the negation. 

15. T« »cJ* muT»vf, the pari opiKtsite to tketnselves. 

17. 4vi* ttt i^nx^if neither was he thus excited r A for «l- 

TOtf. 

18. rtntr^u^mfiivnff conglobated around hnn, 
25. fiimJ] M*^«f understood. 

28. «f tU »i/»x«yrii>.] This was done in order to surround the 

army of Cyrus. 

5. •In. nurx*r§, could not contain himself, from mvix'M'u* ^^ 

9 Irrmyim, /i«;^«/i«*M. ] This appears to be in tke nomiDatiTe ab- 

folate, for the genitive, more jttticQ. 



CHAPTER IX. 

22. IriXivrvnv.] The primitive meaning of this verb is, l» coit- 
dude, to bring to an end; hence, when it signifies to die, the ellipsis^ 
rU /Siat, is to be supplied. 

25. )»»«fryT»» Iv in/^f ytni^im, who were reputed to^be on intimate 
terms with Cyrus : ^*»uvrt0*, according to Schneider and the Lex. 
Xen., is here redundant. 

28. W\ Tiitt ^(»Hi at tlte courts 

29. wu^99wm, modesty, as opposed t-^ t^rx^S*, indelicate, impure, 

5. r«lv \atvTw v«'«)ifrrlf*»v, than those who were inferior to him* 3D 

7. "£»^iv«v.] *A»^^M4'M is here to be supplied* 

II. 9v» Ir^irMs he did not ammrdly Jly from. 

13. T%X»t, at last, used adverbially with »etrk understood. 

19. irt ri(} ^Xtirrw trMMTf, that lie esteemed it of the highest 
importance, 

20. rf.l The article is often put by the Attics, for the iodeftnite 
pronottB rif See Matthia, Art 256. 



350 NOTES. [BookL 

30 24. wtt^ rat ewviUu contrary to the treaty. 2«-#»J«f , is a Terbal 
Boun, from ^wi^t to jiour out, and properly signifies libations of 
wioe poured upon the head of the victim at the time of sacrifice. But 
IS these libations were made at the ratification of treaties, the word is 
fre<|uently put for the treaty iisdf. 

27. •»»UitUf to give up or betray ; second aor. mid. of ^r^etnfUm 
S2. »m) Mvjciir )i Ting MvrtiS i^i^iffv. and tome rejwrt an expresM 
msit of his. 

31 1 . IXili^ff.^ See F. Rule XXXII, Obs. 6. 

2. ran l^ * iuSf, of the men in our age, those of our time, 

5. «cr*ytX«f.] Supply rwv fif*^, to hold the laws in derision, or 
mbrw referring to Cyrus. 

7. vfim.] Among the Persians criminals were punished by being 
deprived of' some of their limbs, and in this situation were exposed in 
the public streets. For the government of this gen. see F. Rule 
XXIII and XXVII. 

9. |;^«trf t Tt 9-cx*^**^ carrying with him whatever he jtleased, 
Ti^x**^^^ primarily means to advance forward, hence to sue- 
ceett, hence to be advantageous to, as it might here be rendered. 
The sense of the passage is, tliat "in the province of Cyrus 
any one could travel with safety, and carry with him whatever might 
be necessary either for his support on his Journey, or for purposes o£ 
trade, without any fear of being molested by robbers." 

20. Eif yt fitw.l "^''^ " ^^ elliptical expression for x«r« «-• its yt 
ftnv ^t»at9fvvfi9 f)x«y, as to that which j)ertains to justice. 

21. n^) vravrit l^tur* irMfn*, he esteemed it of the greatest 

imjwriance to render, &c. Observe the transition from the singular, 
in r.t, to the plural in rairwt, which is frequent with our author. 

22. K«} yk^ •?».] The particles of the Greek language consti. 
tute one of iu peculiar beauties. But it is often impossible to give 
their full force, and exhibit the ideas which each conveys, in a transla- 
tio»i. r«f ««) may be rendered,^ besides i after the first Mti some- 
thing is understood, besides what i have mkmtioneo, &c. ; the parti- 
cle ri, after &X.>m corresponds to »«/, before or^arivfttttTt. The verb 
Ji,f;^ii.;|f r« is in the middle voice, and mhr^ wodd seem lo be redund- 
ant. But in reality it gives the middle verb more force ; he managed 
lo his great advantane. Townsend makes the verb in the passive and 
w«XX« the nominative to it. But is it not connected with Ixt^rmre 



Chap. IX.] NOTES. 951 

by »«/ ? For besides what I have said, therefore, he both wsely con-' 31 
ducted, with great advantage to HmKlf, many other clepartmenU of 
his government, and jwssessed an army deserving the name, *AXii- 
itff, true, real, one that could discharge all the duties incumbent upon 
it, and answer the purposes for which it was oiqganized. 

24. X^x^yul See Antiq. Fart 8, Chap. 4. 

50. hitiv, vigilant, energetic, possessing the qualities of a governor 
or steward in an extraordinary degree. 

51. i» T»v h»»Uu, Justly, that is, on princii^ies qfjuitice, 
SI. MecT»f»ivdJ^»fT», imimmng or cultivating the country, 

S3. &^iXtT$.'] Supply TaVT1l9 TJf» X'^i'^** 

7. Kffi y»( avri t6vt0, Jbr in relation to any particular thing .* ^ 
iMtr« is to be supplied. 

8. is fiM^Hff tx*** ^^ ^ might have them as coatgutors, 

11. )ia «'«AA«.] A7rtm is. to be supplied t Itit ir»XXa atruh tq^ 
many accounts. 

11. ttf yi ath^ tSvy for one man, for a single individual. 

12. )ic)j)«v.] The imperfect tense of verbs in ftt is very little 
used ; but, in its stead, the imperfect of the circumflexed verbs from 

^ which they are derived is generally found i as from )j)«*r, XUl, 
imp. Oit0Vf, Mi^m, l^i^v, for Hit^tf, i^tio^t, \iil»f, F. bottom 
of p. 107. 

IS. ;^'fi.] See F. p. lOS, Obs. 3. 

15. liV «r«A.f/ft«v.] That is, coats of mail, rich swords, &e. ; iit 
»*XXwiri«/Mii, such as golden chains, bracelets, tunics, &c. 

17. ««r^iirfti.] Bornemann and Dindorf read Ks^fin^ttu, which 
is preferable. 

20. ri }li rp irt/uXttf irt^atvxt rSt fiXtn, but that he shotdd sus^ 
pass his friends both in zeal, &c. 

25. r9VT9f»] *0 ^i^Mf i^ff, t/ie bearer of the present sayt, or som* 
nmilar phrase, may here be inserted. 

33. it ^Jk . . . . . &'ytt^it.'\ A very refined idea i that even th9 
horses which carried his friends might not suffer from hunger, 

1. £j H in VM"! 3r«^fVMr«, whenever he went abroad, ^Q 

2. Wir»v^MX»yuT«, he used to talk with tliem earnestly, Hutdi- 
inson says, gravibus de rebus sermonem habebat, which would be 
rendered, '* he used to talk with them on business o; aflairs of state.** 
But we think the sense is, that he held dose and familiar convert 



252 NOTES. [Boor! 

33 tfiihns with Atii friendtt that tke gpeetatars nd^ perceive wko were 
ike tnott honored. 

6, %0vX0it, tulffect, 

7. jBcj wTtt iit ond this man also, referring to Orontes* and not to 
the king, at Hutchintoti understandt it For Orontes found that the 
very |)erson, whom he thought the must loyal to hiro, vas far more 
faithful to Cyrus. 

13. ri mvrm ^im^imv, what happened to Um, 

16. rMT^Atf-iJM, literally, th<ae who tat at hit tablet — kit 4aafy 
gaettt. 



CHAPTER X. 

97. ^trscj)*, a FhacetaHj whose nnae waa Aipadai 

98. rj^v r«^», accomjUithedj witty, 

S9. fi 9tttri^,} That is, h ntrifn rrnXXmuit. 
34 1* rftr rSf *ExXifNvf.] T« er^mriirt^mtf or rit ermS/u*, is here 
to be supplied, to the camp, or ttaiion^ of the Greekt, or, aa we should 
8^, using the possessive case, to the Greekt\ that is^ to the Gredaf 
eamp. So, in English, ' to the bookseller's', ' to the printer^s*. 

1. #7 Irvx** ^^» tx^!"nh wAo happened to be standing 

annedm 

4. ami Trnvrnf*] Referring to Aspasia. 

5. hrig myrSvf within them, that is, within their oan^ttm 

6. hUx»f.} SeeF. RuleXVlII, 13. 

7. M /civ refer to the Greeks ; 0! )», to the Persians. 

8. »m0* Itturtvf, op/tosite to themselvet* 

8. iff itifTitt M««irr««.] Stephens thinks the reading sfaouH bt 
wH(rr«, but irAtrmt seems to be perfectly proper .* at if they had om- 
fuered all the enemy : m fr^n «■«»«•!# wmHtfTtst at if they aU were ike 
tfietors, tha< is, as if their own troops had gained the Wctoiy in eveiy 
part of the field. 

1 2. ri »ad ' Utrrtvf .] Supply ftift or erftirtpfuu 
19. «7;^«i»r« imM09Tttt were marchiMg in jmrtuiL 
18. rvrr^«^i»rif, having faced abMU» The Greeka.had pursued 
one wing of the enemy for some distance, when Artaxerxe;, haviiy 
plundered the camp of Cyrus> turned atiout in order to &U on thar 
rear (w^*; i«» Sneitv), 



Chaf. XO notes. 2SS 

19. rmuTif.] Supply ^tfiX, m ihtU part, tSee Bos. ** EOiptu 34 
Nammunit** wider ^i^i. 

19. j» rcvTjf T(««fMrrif «W Si|«^WM.] Larbher, Wyttenbttch, Bor- 
oemaan, and Dindorf, read w^tnitrt agreeiag with fia^tXuti under- 
stood, which would be in the gen. absolute. After lf|«^vM supp^ 
tut^ivf and translate the whole ** that as the king came up in this way 
«hey might receive him." Zeuner goes so far 4is to say, ** w^iivrn 
tine sensu est." 

19. i ti ^^Atit ..... dlMiX«C«{ir.] The king, in rstuming, did 
not go in a direction towards the Gredcs, but went back the same way 
that he advanced before, namely, without the left wiog of Uie Greek% 
leading back, &c. 

20. Mt*9vftatf.'\ Xenophoa here considers the Gredc army as it 
stood at the commencement of the battle ; otherwise, it having faced 
about, what was the left wing had become the right, 

25. ^<MT«»«f.] See page 28, hne 9, where the motion, made to 
admit the passage of the cnartots through their columns, was the same 
as that made here, for th«? passage of Tissaphernes' cavalry. 

28. mt f*.%7n tx^f ifc«TiXA«yi», literalJy, as he had departed, having 
himself uifirior, 

29. ««A/y ^v •»» Airderr^S^M, dfti not return hack agoin, for he 
feared that it w«uld not be safe, and therefore pushed his way through 
to the camp of the Greeks, where he found the king. 

2- *Ef f {xi»*V understood), Jt the time when, whOe, 

3. 9rm(tiftu'^mfit90f, changing his jmsition .- ^aKmyya is governed 
by »«TirTi»ri», and not by ^tt^a/Au^mfiu^t, as some have thought 

8. U ^Xtioftf, for a long distance, over a long sjiftce. 

10. M^ yk( rit Mtifttif y^k0^0s, for there was an eminence 
beyond the village. 

10. 1^ • oS cMrr^af irrcir, upon which they faced about. 

12. S(Tu] Supply «irf "ExXfifmf, as the accusative before yt^ 
yf^^xuv • r« ^M9Vftif»9, what was dning or being done. 

13. M riXrtif kfurtrmfAivn, with its wings extended, upon a 
spear, 

16. «v t^Urt trt kf0i$i, ixx* ixXt &XXtiu, not indeed any longer 
in a body, but some one way and some another. 
22. Atm M^mrtt vnih all their might, atfidl speed. 
34. ilNsr«Mi>r«, rested upon their arms, 
23 



35 



854 NOTES. [Book L 

8S 88. wfmXnXmmJMu, had jnaked forward: mmrrnXn^ ifu vw n,m 

trderU take pnmtmn if tome port. F. Ruk XXXII, Ofao. 6. 

83. Ixjlmw] TUs word, in iu ezeepdre otoaa, refers to 0tnm, 
I vM^ Ikeg fimad tJBL tkebr other efecU ptwdered^ boidet tbe 



96 9. l0m9Xiumiiud^0Tm,tk^ had^mbeemdeprieedtf tkar^M- 
men sofwXamu, toAalt»wiudi has the aeue of Imn^ damm,oi 
\ to toy demut is VMd of foldiert bying aside their accoutre- 
r to take tiicir maalii and of travdleri aliglitiiig for lodgment 
or ra6«aiuBcot TIm naao §at aa jwt it mmrdi^wnt, both in aBcieal 
lOrack. 



BOOK SECOND. 



CHAPTER L 

1. if(4t^n Kvff, was collected together by C^/rtts* 37 

2. Afi^f,"} This word is synonymous with «»«C«rir. 

5. rif 1f*^(0^tf.] See F. Rule II, Obs. 10. 

6. "A/Aft.] This adverb, when joined with the dative of time, sig- 
nifies immediately wUh : as H/im rf V'Cf> iaimediately with the day, 
or at day break. 

9* us ri «'^o0-^iv, Jbrward, To supply the ellipsis, iiV rot rmt 
•fTct x^iffrft to the place which is before, 

11. Ttu^faifiect.l Teuthrania was a city of Mysia, in Asia Minor, 
of which Procles was governor. He was a descendant of Damaratus, 
one of the kings of Sparta. 

12. Teifni.'} Tamos was of Memphis, and admiral to Cyrus, after 
whose death he sailed with his fleet to Egypt. 

15. Koi xlyu, and he would say, or and he says s supply *A^mts» 

18. iruv^ttvifiivM, on hearing the ne^os* 

19. 'AXX* Z^tXt fdf Kv(0t t^tif, Truly Cyrus ought to have lioed, 
or Would that Cyrus were still alive ! When the verb j^i/Xm is used 
in this sense, expressing strong desire, the particle tlh is usually Joined 
with it ; though it is sometimes omitted, as in this case. 

5. T« «^;^m, the government, 38 

9. ^tftifAuu, awaUed their return, 

10. Mi^mrts*'] Observe that this participle is in the plural, to 
agree with the individuals implied in the collective noun, er^anvfuu 
F. Rule II, Obs. 1. 

12. «Ss ^9»y*aZ»f M 'ExXuvff i»fiaXXtt9 rwt mvrs/MKtvfrmg, 
wohich the Greeks had compiled the deserters frprn the king to throw 
away, '£» «•«>» x^V^ ^' ^'^^^ understood, governed by U^iXXuv <o 



K& NOTSS. [Book. HL 

39 throw Jrom tHeir Hand*. Sfe\rmm render* UfUxXm^ ** to puB out of 
the ground,** which h evidently mcorrect. 

14. yiff*Hi wicker ImcUera^ -— goTemed by i;^^»r«» abore. 

15. ^tftrAuk] Schneider and Muretus omk this wordb Hutchin* 
■on would connect it with AfuJ^au only, having T«r» vm^my*^* under* 
stood, and implying that the efaariots were dfestitate of the beasts of 
burden, and could not be drawn. But wiAnM, being connected with 
J^lgKit by the eoi^unction, seems also to belong t» pi^im, Tlxc 
sense therefore is, that the hmcUert and the empty eharioU were carried 
mwa^ from the field, for the purpose of fbeL 

21. Wtev4/*^9 vin m^^h »• r. X., tldUed m ewerjf thing thai 

apjierlahu to mUkary tactics and the exercise ef arme, 

25. i«f«r»i#/«jk n kytJn^ to obtain somejhvor, 

28. rSf 9»*tiM-m%^ See F. Rule XVII. 

S2. rm M^, the entrails of the victim sacrificed. The sentence^ 
from l»«A«#i to ^fiUMSt m paremhetiea). 
«{9 4. T*i why, is governed^ by »«r«r understood. 

5. fTfiVflK, hjf means of jyertuamn : ri irrut Tut er^»rt£<rmtj 
what will the soldiers receive, or what profit tifill it be to them 9 

11. II wc^t;^M ufMf, if he should deliver them up to you, 

2CX u »ucMrju» Some editions read Sika^h, instead of St«w«^ 
«••(, in the thirteenth Kne, thereby making onr author one of the par- 
ties in this dialogue. But the weight of authority is in fiivor ol 

25. AkXt Th ] Governed b}* »«>rA or tk imderstoo«L 
27. •£» rwTf.] That is, Iv Tgirf xt'^¥' 

50. Siefum-^ See F. Rule II, Obs. 9. 

51. »«I hftuty as we also are ;. that is, *ExXfiMf fy/trU 

33. eof»fi»»Xutifit0i» em, we ask your advice, the terb b«i^ m tin 
middle voice. 

40 2. M«-w.] This is the future of ^f», from the obsolete idRw. 

2. ;t(«M» «MtX«7«/cn«».] There is ft peculiar force ul this express 
sio» I 'Eflrurw ;&(«»«»> may be trandatedf posteriiyi and JrMtX«>«/MMv 
feeapihtlatrng, scrutinizing. The sense is, Consider what wHl r^ 
ifound mo<< <o your honor with jwsterity, when they shall con oacv 
tkete actions and exphks of ours, 

4* e^tfitvXsmftifstf ..... aifttf, to Mem eonsMng hinh 



Chap. II.] NOTE& 257 

7. rKVT« MyiT*, artfyUy introduced these re m ari tm 40 

9. V9'0^r^iy^a$, haomg adroUljf evaded a direct i 



CHAPTER 11. 

1 2. ret h(»9 the sacrifices, 41 

15. Kat tUoTttf «^« 0u» lytyvtr*. And /or a very good reason m* 
deed they were not favoraUe. 

16. «rov.] This adjective is el^antly used in this elliptical man- 
ner, having the signification of ;x)«ji6t/ify, with r»t»vTos understood! 
as «v /Atutv o7«9f it is not jtossible to remain^ for tv rfurof olot ftivuf, 
THE CASE is not such as to permit us to remain, 

17. 9r»^i, to; on page 40, line 10, it means contrary to, 

19. a^-ittretf hi'TvuVf that we all retiring sfiould sup, &c The 
accusative is not unfrequently used in this manner, before the infinitir^ 
for the imperative. 

20. rnf^w^.] See F. Rule III, Obs. 1. 

20. its aiaxatiiricu, as if it were the signal Jbr retirisig to 
rest, 

21. «F«riVi«^i M rk iir»ivyimt put the baggage upon tkt 
sumpler horses, 

22. rtf r^/r^.] That ia, W) ^ rtf r^irf ^ftitf, at the third 
signal, 

23. *(if rev ^trafiwj next to the river, 

23. ra ^ l^rXs.] *OjrX« is here put fbr iwXirat, the heavy-armed 
troops, 

25. x«} r« XtTof,} Supply the ellipsis mJ uV ri X«i«-«» t§5 x^ 
Mv, and for tlie future, 

25. I ^»».] Referring to ILyia^t, 

26. MA ^tr.] Supply ^^wM, 

28. I| '£^ir«v.] Supply ir«Xf*f. 

88. iiXxii rtit fU^nf, as Jar as the battle-ground, which vas 0»> 
naxa So^b*** rnt fMix^it* from the battle ground, 

2^. 4r«(«r«77«i.] Hence it appears that 535 parasanga equal 
16,050 stadia, or 1 parasang equals SO stadia. '* If the whole nmnbtf 
of marches in the history of the Expedition and Retreat, together with 
22 • 



us MOTB8. [Book n. 

41 Hm — mbcr 9i funmwgh ■« wnmei vp hj XeoopkoB, in Books I^ 
V, Hid VII, be MCerf, tinl u, 93 nsfrbes «qual to 535 pansangi^ 
from Sardis to Hm ield of battle at CuBaxa» aad 122 narrbes, givii!^ 
620 parmaangs from Aence to Cotyora, tbere will be an i^gregate of 
215 marches aod 1155 paraiaaga. And accordingly, by this state, 
nent, the mean march of the Greeks, taken ttuY>Bgboiit the vheW 
Bzpediiion and Ketreat, is equal to 5.36 parasangs, or reckoned in 
British miles^ as nearly 15 as possibW BenneU. See also note on 
page 4, line 20. 

48 1 1* ^pM'*'*] l^is n ^ tbird person y^w. first aor. of Sftva^. 

14. r^M^vrcf.} Among all tl e nations of antiquity it was the 
costoia to sanction and stvengtben erety important proceeding, par- 
ticularly leagues and treaties, by sacrifices. The Scythians used to 
dip the points of their spears into the blood of the immolated victim, 
ss a confirmation of their oaths of fidelity. See Antiq. I^rt 5, 
Chap, 5. 

15. tit if^Shi, hUo a skiM. The shields or bucklers of the 
Gredcs had a prominence in the middle of that ude which was pre- 
sented to the enemy, called i^«X«;, a boiSf for the purpose of glanc. 
log off missive weapons t consequently there was a corresponding con- 
cavity on the inner side. 

20. *Hy.] This is governed by attrm understood; nmf «» SUt^ 
tke way by whkh. 

21. Jir4X0tfU^m.'\ See AwixXvftt. 

26. n«^arrS««.] This neiiter adjective has the force of obi^aium, 
being similar to the Latin gerund. See F. Rule XXXIV. 

SO. •^sSti.] This advert) may qualify some verb or verbal under- 
stood, as •»» In ptCnrin, /*4t &c. <* we need no longer fear that the 
king will be able.** 

43 3. *H» H >vMi^i»s, thu plan of the general was calcuUUed 

for nothing else," &a 

5. h )i&f tx«9ru rh KXut, They were therefore marching to 
fbe north. 

17. A«rii^«sM'«f, tDom dawn wUhJhtigue, 

21. s«rir«iffwriv, /ftry pUcked their UnU: from Mmrk and rs*. 
mL^ which is from w»mt^, 

21. vvi T0y rr(«Tfv^«T«f.] Schneider, Wdsk^ and Dindori; 

Rftd M TW fi»€*X»M4S ^T^mrtVfUlTtm 



Chap. III.] NOTES. 259 

24. «f lTvy;^«Mf 2»«rr«, u^tere they happened to be, that it, with. 43 
out «ny regularity or method. 

26. rS* «r«Xi/*Mv«.] This genithre is not governed by lyyvrarm, 
but by M, used partitively : tlioisjaf the enemy who were nearest. 

4. Sf if TM» «^itFT« finfv/ft whoever sfiaU discover the one thai 44 

has let /oose, &c. Bornemann tliinks that Clearchus here had in bis 
mind the fable of ^sop, wnich relates the exploits of the ass in a iion*s 
skin. Whether this be the allusion or not, the satire upon the tumult 
of the soldiers is admirable, and must have been iar more eflEective in 
quieting them than any commands. For if the noise proceeded from 
fear, the soldiers saw at once the perfect absence of fear in their j^cne- 
rals, and were calmed i but if from revdry, the comparison shamed 
them into silence. 



CHAPTER III. 

] 9. liUxset, tent Jbr, and not UiXicwt, orderedf at some cdttioat 
have it. 

27. •tm i T»\ftn0m9 Xiyttf, neither is there any one so bold M 

to speak, — a truly Spartan reply. 

5. fiyi^Mi, guides, persons to conduct the army. ' 43 
4. AtfrMf*] That is, avTOif ftit&if, 

6. ItlSrt urn} JlirMvrif, mlh those going and returning, that is, with 
those who were tlie bearers of despatches between Artaxerxes and the 
Greeks. 

12. ftii ^wtflt^f ii^», lesi ii should not seem advisable to us, 

19. 4Sflr<r^«fvX««w, took charge of the rear, 

20. mvXiirtf canals, aqueducts, from miiM Tliere were many of 
these canals between the Euphrates arid Tigris, constructed for the 
purpose of watering the intervening countr>'. '* In their way to the 
provision villages, on the short march of the second day, they crossed 
canals over which it was necessary to make temporory bridges. 
"Whether these were canals drawn from the larger ones, for the pur- 
pose of irrigation, such as Xenophon saw near Silace, or whether they 
were the same which they had crossed in their way downwards, and 
Bust hare re-crosscd in their inarch northward » or, lastly, whether 



260 NOTES. [BookIL 

45 they were not drawn immediately from a branch of the Tigris, for the 
purpose of irrigation, cannot be known.** Rennell. 

23. h KmrmftmStiVf literally, it was to see, that is, one 

could see. it iwt^rmrut /tov he .dischaKged the duties of a com- 
mander. 

25. rir«7/«iMrv.] That is, those appointed to superintend the 
passages of the ditches and canals, and remove all obstructions. 

26. Tw Iwtrxiuw.'l The primary significations of this word are, 
fit, statable, deserving. Here it has the last meaning, in reference 
to the verb which follows, l-raitrt^ * Wtrniunf deserving jntnishmerU. 
The meaning is, and if any of those to^ifhom this work vxts intrust' 
edf ajijKared to be /axy, (Xearchus selected hitn, who was worthy of 
vunis/tmetttf and chastised him. 

28. ir^if «vT«ir.] The preposition «-^«r seems sometimes to be 
used with the accusative, denoting the instrument. Here 'r^is av-riv 
answers to iw* alrtZ, by him. Some think the text should be t^ 
TWTty to this too7'k. Bornemann reads v-^cf ali-rw, 

82. •*(».} From this it appears that the summer, the season for 
watering the country, had passed. 

46 5, l^nrivf jrrejMred by boiling, 

6. •?«;.] An elliptical phrase for rtiaureu f^h •!»(, 

7. ATixufTt, are reserved for, 

9. vXi»r^«v.] The color of amber is very near that of gold. 

10. T^ttynfittrm.'] Si\\ip\y t^t' ^-a^ ^irtv, inter bibeadum. 

11. xi^aXakyift causing the headache, heady; from »t^aiXtitthe 
headf and &Xy»s» pain : fitv, supply ri r^eiyitfAei, used as a dessert. 

11. lytiipaXtVy the pUh of the top of the palm tree. 

1 5. 0X«f l^if vdc/vf r«, was wholly withered up : from i^nuttivm, 

22. x&fjt'nx'tfKy and insujierable, inexjUicable, for »at afAn^einu 

23. iS^rifia W9tn<r»fAn^,'\ The word tS^n/ua (from iv^/rxrwy to 
find,) means any tlUng found, a discovery ; hence, an unexpected 
gain, a profit, or advantage / td^fi/jut Wtm^afivff I considered it <is a 
happy circumstance, 

27. Srt, that ; irt, because, 

47 11. ^» J<i»y. in difficulty, 

12. frxvf^nfitif, we should deem it shameful, or i 
ii as offering an indignity both to the gods ami to m 



Chaf. IV.] NOTES. S61 

IS. wti^x*^'^^ ^M"** 'vrfttr tZ irotitPt hanng sug'ifr§d oundvei f» 47 
he ben^Ued by Mm, or, to hate recatedfavottfrom him. 

24. ^iwTAfD.] Attic for ^i»<r«r«i»> 

27. #«^(«y> to conduct them tafdy, 

30. st/«4».] These particles contain k strong affirmation, and 
generally precede an oatk *H/»5fy understood, is the accusatiY* 
before wm^il^tn* 



CHAPTER IV. 

23. vri^ vrntrit it ^•M^mtr^, ufotM esteem it cf the^greale$i com* 48 
sequence. 

26. Itms 0v» IWiinrsi ifup, but that he will attack us. 

2. MmraytXti^MfTtf, having held him in derisiun. It is said ^ 49 
those who, having ofiered violence to others, depart with impunity. 

7. •v^ tfVtfSiv.] That is, «v^* ^v^tU wa^i\u «r«dt». 

8. ^^irr«^u, will withdraw ; from «^irri»««, same is AfUrnfU. 
10. divrif.] That is, ovrif ^/Xm. 

19. Si«vf Iff-M^jeSrai, to offenf. the gods by jyerfury, 
22. ^yt IC] These words relate to Orontas. 
S2. I« T«i/ «vr«t7.] That is, i« tav avt^v riirov. 

3. ir(«r Ttf M«3/«f ruxct.'] ** At the end of the third marcb 50 

Irom the villages, the Greeks came to the Wall of Media, built of burnt 
bricks, laid in bitumen, and said to be twenty feet thi<.'k, and ICO feet 

in height This wall appears to have stretched across ihe narrow 
isthmus, between the Tigris and Euphrates, terminating on the former 
a little above the site of Bagdad, and in the latter not far from the 
outlet of the Nahr-Afalka canal. Its length was about 24 'Briti»A 
miles, and its use was, to protect the lower and more fruitful parts of 
Mesopotamia, from the inroads of the Medes or the Assyrians of 
Niisevah.** Rennel). 

5. v-X/t^Mf UrrmTtt.of burnt bricks. 

13. isri T»f fAtXifxf.} Supply ««r«Ti^Mrm. 'Ew^ Jbr^ Jbrtk^ 
benefit of, as the panic requires much moisture. 

15. 2jr«»«.] The modern city upon this place is Bagdad. 

23. i$mi r«5r«.] When nmi vmirm are used in this BMaaer thcj 



S63 NOTES. IBookIL 

50 i"*y ^ rendered, aUhougki especially, pariieularfy. Here, alihaugk is 
the best translation. There is of course some word to be supi^ed, 
as iwM^St, and urn did t/tese things coming from Arueus. There is 
a similar phraseology in our biiguage» — and that too, " He did not 
inquire for Menon, and that too, coming as he did from Ariaeus.** 

51 1* Nic9«r««f.j Some suppose that this is Xenophon, wlio mod- 
estly calls himself a youth. 

15. ^nXnrtsJ] Before Bomemann's edition of Schneider ap- 
peared, the texts commonly had htXJitnt, though the commentators 
observed that «• should be inserted before it Weiske even inserted w 
without the authority of any manuscript ; for otherwise there would 
be no sense in the passage. The part of the country near Babylon, 
between the Euphrates and Tigris was called i ni^ty the island, as 
rivers and the canals surrounded it on all sides. The Greeks were 
on this v«r«f , and the Persians feared test (according to Weiske) they 
would not pass the bridge, but keep on the island which was so well 
defended. But Bomemann happily conjectured that it should be 
)iiX«tTif instead of htkiitrtf, and thereby was under no necessi^ of 
inserting •«. Besides the sense is even better. '* The Persians fearing 
lest the Greeks, tearing down the bridge, would remain on the island,'* 
&c. 

19. iwtrv^*^, a refuge, a place of retreat. 

27. )i«/3«iM»r«fv.] Genitive absolute, murSf being understood, F. 
R. XXXIII, Obs. 4. 
SQ 5. Ut )m.] According to Vigerus, two by two, or two deep, 

€. MXktrt »«) &kk§Ti i^ierei/Atwt, now and tfien ordering them to 
halt, 

7. ri nywftuttv, the first jMrt, the van ; fti**s is to be supplied. 

20. r;^i)i«jf is^it^itatf.l To this day the Tigris is crossed in the 
tame manner. 

22. ZafittTtf''] This river is now called the Greater Zab. 

25. fvyytti^S-M T<rrc^i^iru.] The history of the conference 
between the Grecian generals and Tissaphemes,'' which led to the 
massacre of the former, by Clearchus* falling into the snare so art- 
fully laid for him, is related very circumstaniially and clearly by Xeno. 
pbon. By that it appears that the credulity of Clearchus was beyond 
all example ; and is the more remarkable, in that he was himself so 
deeply impressed with the idea of mutual jealousies and suspicions, that 



Chat, v.] NOTES. S63 

he sought an explanation. But Clearchus had, in his turn, been guilty ec^ 
of treachery and murder, at Byzantium, much in the same way t and, 
like other murderers, was perhaps bereft of his judgment and pret- 
ence of mind, and thus drew down a just punishment upon himself. 



CHAPTER V. 

8. Mfh heret qf bre: iti» K^n* I have known^ which refers to past 53 
time. Observe that M^r»»ft persons, and not ivifag is used. 

10. ^A^tuj to anticipate, to be beforehand with aruf one. F. Rule 
XXXII, Obs. 2. 

17. r«» ^iMv •'•Xt/tMv, the divine wrath. This sentence contains 

a sublime description of the omniscience and omnipotence of the 
Deity. 

22. 4'c^* «7« nfUit rnv pximf fwiifufts »mrt$ifA^a, with whom we, 
having formed an alliance, have entrusted our frietvdship, 

SI. l^ih^nJ] The allusion here to the public games is very beau- 
tiful. It was customary for those who entered the lists, as wrestler^ 
in the Olympic games, to draw lots for their antagonists. A num- 
ber of pellets were put into an urn, upon every t^ro of which was in- 
scribed the same letter, and those who drew the same letter wrestled 
together. But if the number of wrestlers was odd, he who drew the 
odd pellet wrestled last of all with him who had the mastery, and was 
therefore called l^i)^«« (from W) and ?^«), as coming ajier the rest 
So Artaxerxes is here called rU fi'tyt^rw t^%ii»t, tlie most jtowerful 
ehamjmm ; and Clearchus says, '* If we overcome all our other ene- 
mies, we have still to contend with tlie ftiyt^rtt l^f)^«y.** 

7. *AXA« ^iin] The force of these particles is, '* but besides what I 54 
have already advanced, I have yet more to remark ; ** or, as we should 
say, but this is not all, fir. Sec 

16. r^.] Attic for rm. 

21. r«.] The article joined to the infinitive, which, together, tvt 
used as a noun. See Mattbiae, Art. 539. F. Rule XXX. 

22. }ufif Xiyuf, powerful in speaHng, doquent, 
80. kfTmHSv^n, hear me in reply* 

5« Tm/ui»$^as, to select at our pleasure* Q^ 

16. Apdytuf lx«ft(nn, of those pressed by wanL 



S6< NOTES. CBookIL 

Bo 19. I|#9.] Tba Attics freqaently uie the neuter pertkriplefl 1(m^ 
Im», wmfivt abtolutcly, for the tmpertoiul verb. Thua i|«v^ wken k is 
Ittvfuit or, at it means in this places when itUin our pomer. F. Rule 
XXXIII, Oba. S. 

95. M «f »if«Xj;.] The aenae ia, that, aUhougk, acemrdmg U 
the cuattmu ^ Peraa, the king alone bepermilted to wear an upright 
turban ujton his head, another nu^ easUy preserve an upright heart 
towards yoH who so much favor Aim. 

29. f»««vf.] Thia particle means both therrfort mt, and there- 
fare, and reravea the accent on the syllable in which the 
principal meaning ia contained: when it aigulfiea therrfore net, 
■ si ia accented, as tSustn • when therefore, the latter syllable svp, aa 
•ram. It ia also used interrogatively in the aense of therefore not, 
U •itum M^ I4M rk Ux**» r«3i7f i do not those therefbre deserve 
to tVjfer the severest punishment 9 

29, ^u9orm iwm^x**^*"'! ^ parenthetical claiiae in the 

genitive absolute, since there are so manjf inducements Jar us to cul- 
tivate friendshii), 
55 6. ffX4««f MfMtH ^mmhTtSm rf Tirrsf I^vm.] Weidce augpeata 
a difficulty in this sentence, arising from the participle MV>»«r* *• if 
Clearchus did not know his own mind. Bomemann would lead Tir- 
r«f t^mt aifrSf, thuiking that Tisiaphemes teas Jriendfy di^nsed to- 
wards him. But if hmMUw^M be used in a passive sense, the difficulty 
would be removed i literally, thinkitig that U was well dis/tased by 
Titsajthemes, that is, that Tissajihemes jmssessed a friendly feeling 
towards the Greeks. 
57 IS. *£wi< T trmemf tSt iwnmsmr. When th^ had pheed th em s e hm s 
in a place where they could be heard, 

86. f •/Mio, that you would consider / Attic for ufuetn. 

S8. if] Some commenUtors think that tliia should be A. the 
adverb, thus. But may it not connect mirxv^i^ti with «w«X«»Xi««vi • 
do you not stand in fear tf both gods and men, that.vsw Aniw pus to 
death, that is, becaosb you have jmt to death, &c Larcber and 
Schneider reject it altogether. Dindcrf remarks that ** all the com- 
menUtors do not perceive that Cleanor is intent only upon heaping 
up proofs of the treachery of Ariaeua and TusapbcnMi, n^lecting tke 
eleganciea of composidon, and s^le.'* 



Cbap. VI.] NOTBS. S65 

CHAPTER VI. 

8. Ot ftit,"] "The treacherous massacre of the Greek generals 58 
and other officers, together with the sudden hostility at the Zabattis, 
might have effected the entire destruction of their army, had they not 
been accustomed to encamp apart from the Persians, at the distance 
of a parasang i which cautious measure appears to have been adopted 
from the beginning. This gave the Greeks time to stand to their 
arais, before the Persians could attack tliem } and as villany seldom 
sees its way clear enough to accomplish its utmost designs, the Per- 
sians do not seem to have taken such advantages, as the occasion of- 
fered. Had they kept the main body of their cavalry ready to atUck 
the Grecian camp, at the instant of the massacre, instead of sending 
a detachment only, to scour the plain and cut off stragglers, irrepanu 
ble mischief might have been done.*' RennelL 

1 3. ^a^ifctftf, he remained Jirwly at home. 

15. is i2v>«r«.] Weiske would render ihxz, exerting hit greateu 
influence. But such a translation would require /it Huvmrt ^«- 
;L<#r«. Xenophon seems to touch but lightly this unjust act of Cle- 
archus. 'Il< HuMtr* may be translated as he was able, that is, bjf 
what means he could. 

16. *£^«(«>».] See Antiq. Part 4. Chap. 5. 
19. 'Ir^/<«i/.] That is, the Isthmus of Corinth. 

22. i'Tim.'] Xenophon does not mean to say that Clearchus per- 
suaded Cyrus to undertake a war against his brother i but the word 
ttrurt refers to what follows, m^trtlt «vt^ Ku^0t fiu^Uuf 3«^ii««vi. 

26. f^c^i at«i Hytfi he plundered and laid waste, 

4. i^;».] Sec F. Rule XXXIII, Obs. S: wtXtfO^, see F. Rule 
XXXII. Obs. 5. 

5. fuiwtt rtufra ff'tffu'V, to diminis/t these very riches. 
10. Mfx**^f* skilled as a gjtneraL 
10. its )w«T«y i^x^^t "'y^** ^ 01^ could be, from such a d£^ 

positum as he (Clearchus) jiossessed. 

12. ?|fi.] Some editions read I^m^ in the optative, which, at OOD- 
nected with •wwr, would seem to be better. 

17. Us,ai dmes. For as he'Mmetimes punished in angtr, be 

SS 



59 



266 NOTES. [Book XL 

vooU, of Conner it time% ezperienoe regret, when bit puaon hMc 



17. yf^ft^ with ddSberaikm, 

9S. Av'f^fm^i^rtH, promptfy, wUhout hentaiiom, 

54. wi ^Tttytitf tienmeui fmJ^if, mSdHett, 
26. iffmfU909, Jirmtten, 

55. wr« TtS ht^ms, compelled by necettUy, 

60 S. xt^*f^*^9 *• ^* ^J "^'^ *^ " Whoever could desert him to 
peice^ always did so. But if, from any ctrcumstaDces, they were 
compelled to follow hts standard, there were many things which tended 
to make them good scddiers while they were with him.** 

11. Hmm.] Prozenus paid tuition -money to the philosopher Gor« 
gias, as his instructer, who is said to have received a hundred mnuB 
(about sixteen hundred dollars) from each pupil. 

16. rfi^ MnX§9 aS umi rwr* (T;^!*, on the other hand he made 
thii di^xmtion atriki^^y evident, namely, that, &c. 

28. i&^cr«;(;i4^irry, one that can be eanly imposed upon, 

Q\ 9. fUfH ftr0 f4)iNu fffrtw U, he tupj)o$ed himtdf the onlypenon, 
who knew U to be an easy thin^. 

S8. J^9$i0tt a youth without- a heard, 

02 !• «iS4#/i2r IvMVTM, having ntffered torture fir a vAde year, 
Weiske is of the opinion that Menon might have died from a severe 
disease, or that the protracted punishment here spoken of, might have 
been neglect and contempt from the king. But the word etlturiut, 
according to authorities produced by Schneider, was generally, if not 
always, applied to the death of malefactors who were deprived of tbeir 
bands and feet, or who suffered death by torture of any kind. 



BOOK THIRD. 



CHAPTER I. 

17. iAufMtt 7;c«yTtf.] Instead of SH^v/Mt Urtt. Adverbs are 63 
often put with the verb t^tn in the same sense as the adjectives cor- 
responding to those adverbs, with the verb tSttu, as *mxSii t^^u, for 
«cX«y Wrt. Matthise, Art. 612. 

18. iXtyM h 4-1/^ avi»auraf, few lighted up any firt m the hopt 
of getting victuals to cook. 

18. M r» 7wXet, to their quarters, where their arms were. 

4. H<y«^*ly.] The modesty of Xenophon, in speaking of himself, ^ 
isliere parUcularly observable. 

6. ^iNf £v k^x'^'f* having been Jbrmerly a guest, 

8. h avrit i^n s^i/rrw laur^ wfiH^Uf r^s -raT^tiest who, in his 
ojnnion, he saidy would be of greater service to him, than his country, 
*0y refers to Cyrus, and XaurSf to Proxenus. 

9. ktaiMifouTtu, communicates tnth, constdts with. 

22. 4r/«y.] A neuter adjective, from iT^/, to go, and implies ne- 
cessity, like the Latin gerund. F. Rule XXXIV. 

23. jf^tftf.] Imperfect of 7(«^«M. 

29. 91 rr^uTtiu, the exjiedition ; Aii^ff from X^ym, 

2. ^•C«v/<iirM 5i v^t thii, terrified at the length of the way. 65 

9. trn fnip, in some resjtects ; rn ^i, in other respects, 

19. iv/, in the pouter of. 

21. i^^t(^»f».%wvs airtittutf, to die in a most ignominious nuuk* 
ner. 

S3, whit •viif.l A double negation, to give additional strength 
to the remark. 

1. tS v^rofuia, if we become remiss, 66 



S6S NOTES. [BooKin. 

66 7.''A{ 0i»i»MwmwlJj0is wia ke not rtmrt to every apedkmif 
12. n^i M^rti^^, to deplore omr conditUnu 

I S. MMwv is goremed by X'^t^* 

15. r« TM9 9T^riiTm»t the draanstances of the weidienm 

17. Zvtm Ik ^n^ofttlm, wilk wkich we might make purckaseu ^Oram 

It the geniiiTe of pric^ and 7;^«»«vf govenw r2 understood, the ante- 
ctdentof 7r««. 

S4. JtytMiirmsJ] The judges who awarded the prizes to the ooo- 
querors at the publk games, were called AyarMHrmt. 

25. Ovr«f, theMe men, that is, the Persians; «*t«W refers to the 
gods. 

SI. M }2 £f)ftr.] There appears to be a peculiar, though latent 
beauty in UM>se words, which seem to refer to the phrsse rv» tms 
Sultf, in the line above. The idea is, JTe, having the Javor tf the 
gods, are more Ukefy to have our Uves pretervedt whereas mere men 
fj }f Iii^if, men of themselves, without duine protection, J are more 
exposed to wounds and death, 

S3. 'Axx* Ua0t y«f.] In this sentence ym^ connects something 
understood i •— But n is kot hscxssakt fok m to sat aht thimo 
XOKC, fir probably, &c. 

67 11* fi4utrm^m9, sjiealdng coarsely Hke a JSoBotian, 
12. II ^v*«<T«.] That is, u )v*jtira trtHttf. 

14. fttrm^l u9'»Xafiii9, (xlytwrm undeniottd,) whUe he was speakingm 
M»r«|v is joined with participles in any case, having the signification 
of inter and the gerunds in dum. See F. Rule XXXII, Obs. 7. 

1 6. *£y ^avTif T«»TMt, in the same place with these, that is, 

jn company with Ihem .* rmlrf for r^ avrSf^ 

17. fiiym ^(tfiirat M rtvrf, vaunting greatfy at this drcusn^ 
stance, 

28. tit TaM nfuf auTMi, in the same rank with ourselves, 

29. At TtUr^ ;^^r^«M to treat him as such, that iS| as one asAy 
fit for carr}'ing the baggage. 

^ 2. Zrm rtr^v«'ff^iy«v.] See P. Rule XLII. Apollonides was a 
Lydian by birth, and had been a serrant in Bceotia, where he had 
learned their dialect. Proxenus brought him into Ana, and gave him 
his liberty. 

5. v^ter^artiyit.l This word seems to be synonymooa with r»- 



Chap. II] NOTES. 269 

6. M r« «'(««'^iv.] That is, ut ri ^^ifht X^V^* hefire the campy QQ 
where the soldiers were quartered. 

22. fiiyirrtf 7;^iri tttu^it, you have before you tfte most mpoirtant 
crisis. 

S\, T«ti vXn^ovs, than the multitude, 

32. x^oC*»\%v%nt to be tujierior in courueL 

5. is rvftXivTt tUut^ to speak briefly : supply Xiyf, 69 

6. 'Eflrii^av.] The order is, 'K«'ti)«» Ik xa^awrnwn^it rntt 
•ff;^«»rcr, pvavs )ir, «7/m«/, uftMt wmvu if it tuu^Sf vm^miy j|v, 
». T. A.. 

12. «r ^1^ r«tfT« /tMMy iir?«iv»rM, SO ^/ they would not dwell tqnm 
this alone. 

17. iwtrttraXv.] For W} ri vXv. 

18. M UafrUi ov lix^'rait those (^tposing them cannot sustain that 
attack, r»VT»vf governed by lix^vrtn. 

27. ^•m.faK»Xuv,^ That is, Ttt^xxakiTt ayahug ifi^at tSnu* 

3. €vy»atX.*ZfAi9j\ Porson considers this the future Attic. 70 

5. «if^«$.] See Antiq. Part 8. Chap. 6. 



CHAPTER II. 

19. i» rSv vat^iTtvttf ix4t7tt to emerge out tf our 

difficulties. 

21. aXXA, certainly J at least. See Vig. Chap. 8. Sec. 1. 
29. ix) TiVToif, in addition to these thingSy moreover, 

2. Ai« Hin«v.] The Grecian deities had each his peculiar title 7| 
and province. Jupiter was considered as the guardian of the rites of 
hospitality and the protector of strangers. Hence he was addressed 
under Uie appellation of Siftof. See Aotiq. Part 5. Chap. 5. 

22. reut rr^mrfiywt.'] The accusative for the nominatire^ for 
ofSvrat »!» 0i 0'T(mTtiy») xtxifiaiftv, 

27. ^rapfurai r/f. ] The Greeks were peculiarly a superstiUong 
people and observant of every outward sign. Sneezing in a par- 
ticular manner was enough to dissuade one from any business, or 
encourage him to undertake it. See Antiq. Part 5. Chap. 13. 

28. fuf «^n, nmuUaneoudy, ^ 



870 NOTES. [BookUL 

71 90- 4m^.] Tbif word it ▼cry gcnenl u ftt appBcatioa, being 
oaed in reference to all kinds of omens. 

31. 9wnn rtH^fmJ] Biftmrm is nnderrtood ; — > to afir mcrjfica 
fir wfity reenoed / literally, to offer mfety-Mcriflctt, 

72 !• JtvmruwtLrtt rnv x**^-^ ^^ ^"^^^ ^ custom of the Greeks, in 
aD their public assemblies, to siisnify their wishes by holding up their 
hands. See Antiq. Part S. Chap, la 

15 m^X«lM#r«Xy.] Supiilyr^. The battle of Marathon is 
here alluded to» in which, according to Nepos, the Persians had a 
bundled thousand foot and ten thousand horse. Xenophoh could not 
have made a hi^ipier aUusion, to iajpure the Greeks with confidence 
and courage. 

19. •»» alx** imttrdt,} Herodotus says that six thousand four 
bttudred Pashms were kUled in the battle. 

SS. Twrm^l That is, of the men with whom you have now to 
fight 

73 8. t4 Ks^M, tkt Ptrmant on the ride of CyruM, 

81 . !«■} wit ynt 0iCas«rtf, treading Jirmiy on ike ground. 

83. *E»} fitifft m one rt^tect wrdy. 

30. wi^ r«r UvT«rv ^vx^ *»^ ^» ^^futrm, at the perU tf lye emd 
limb I meaning, proUbly, that they would be put to death by mutila. 
tion and torture, to which severe death all traitors were sulject. 

83. ftnilk Twnirt tx»*^»t» not any longer having tfiis; that is, 

33. »ltT9»t, that we ourtelvet. 

74 3. »«} /tty^Xmt liyi€0t l^mm'tkniin*** ^tmCmvru, and you think 
that you have been greatly deceived in crossing the river. That 
it, — " that the Persians, in inducing you to cross, have greatly de- 
ceived you.** 

^ .S. wrmfu^ in-»^.] xfif^ understood. The same ellipsis b 
ibund in Latin } tritte lujms ttabuUs, 

7, £< ^ /unS* M w0T*fi0i luUovetf,'] Some of the Latin commen- 
tators have rendered this passage, — but if the rivers would not permit 
MS to past. But the verb )<«f i^ « means to differ, a&d from the pre- 
ceding sentences it would seem to mean so here. Xenophon therefora 
aaya, " For although all rivers, at a great distance from their sources^ 
may be impassable, yet, if we follow them up we shall be able to cross 
without going up to our knees. But cpoa |f there were no djfferesiC9 



Char IIL] NOTES. J71 

between the width of rivers at their sources and their otKlets, and 74 
therefore we be unable to pass, sttU there would be no cause for dejec- 
tion, for we can settle here.'* He then states the inducements or 
■ettlin;j in the king*s territories. The reader will perceive the con- 
smmnate art with which this speech is wrou^rht up. 

16. muTw ir»», BomewkeremthUrefdon* 

18. r«» Uwi^^i^y, <f tending^ that is, ' that be would wiU- 

iflgly give many hostages as a security that he would, without fraud, 
conduct them out of the country.' 

21. 'Axx«.] The force of this is— -6tt^ x xx> vot think n Ki- 
rsDiENT TO DO so, ffrfcor^ &c. 

24. ^.] It will be observed that this negative particle ii hen 
lepeated. 

24. A«rT«^yM.] Homer (Odyss. /, 83.) says^ that those who ett 
of the ItihUt never think of returning home. The fruit is saiJ to be 
very delicious. 

28. !(«».] See note, page 55^ line 19. 

1. fim riifunrrf , mny not affect our fiMrcA. 75 

3. Avrfu yk^ «?, fir tfteae equally, 

5. rk wf^irrM, tlie thittf*$ which are not necessary. 

8. K^aroofiiwan JVi m'titrm cAA*r^«c, for you know indeed 

*hat every t/iing belonging to the conquered pastes inlo the hands 
of others. 

24. 'Axx«.] See note, page 74, line 21. 

27. rmvTif.} «)f understood. 

27. Ihuirns, a *jmvate soldier, 

8. wkmifi»9.1 This was an oblong figure^ approaching a aquarep f^tt 
See note on page 26, line 28. 

15. A«»i)«ifc«vi«f.] CUrisophus takes tite highest post of honor, 
as the Lacedemonians, at that time^ were possessed of the sorereignlj 
of Greece. 



CHAPTER III. 

9a Mrf^wr«f • sent as a spy. Some copicf md {raw«v> «•• jj 
9xUdm 



S7S NOTES. [BookIIL 

77 81. ^Unmg tnuM.] TiMt M, he wai with Hithridates, in order 
to lenre the cuue of Tissaphcrnet* and report to him whatever migfat 
be said. 

28. wix$ft09 i«a^T«p, war ynpreceded fy a dedaratian, or ''in 
which DO intercourae of crtera or heralds is permitted between Ihe par* 
ties.** It was always customary, before going to war, to announce 
hostile intentions by means of heralds, mn^imts. The Greeks seem 
therefore determined to despense with this ceremony, having 
•ucii a per6dious enemy to deal with, with wliom no treaties couid 
be made. 

27. iimfimmt .«-•» ZmfimTn,] Msjor Renndl remarks, that *Mt 
appears extraordinary that Xcnophon should be silent respecting the 
mode of passing the Ztdtatus. It was performed under the eye of the 
enemy, who did not attempt to molest the Greeks, although in full 
day-Ught: for no kind of obstruction or difficulty is mentioned.** 

78 8. »mTt»i»Xufr», had retired under cover of the heavy-armed 
midiert, 

13. U «'«XX«».] That is, !» ^•XXw "hm^rnftMrf 

25. ual mM ri t^w MvrtSit fui^u^titi, and that the action iiadf 
wat wdneu for them. 
7Q 5. I« r«(«v fyftmTHt btf bouhthot. 

5. 'H^ir.] Some editions read i^f, to be governed by )i7. But 
the reading of our text presents no difficulties i construe, %l ^» •»• 
hfttut ^iXXf^v. 

11. ^u^^^XtiiUt TMt XiSit, stonet at large ai the Jist. 

15. v-tvcrrMj.] From wdtt or wm»fttu, to postest, 

14. r«vr«rv.] That is, ^^tvhwv, Jor these dmgis ittrt being 
understood. 

14. rif fiXt mlnrin, to one part of them. 

16. r^tfhmp ^PTtrmy/iivf ifiiXtfrs, to him toAo it VfHUng to be emm 
rotted as a dinger. 

23. '£2«^i Tmvrm.] ** The first deficiency felt was that of cavalry 
and slingers, to repel those of the enemy, who taught them this 
want, during the first very short march, which indeed presented a very 
unpromising aspect. But the Greeks surmounted every difficulty i 
they halted during the whole of the succeeding day, and employed it 
in equipping and mounting fifty horsemen, on the best of the horses 



Cha». IV.] NOTES 273 

that were found among the baggage, and alio in forming a 79 
body of two hundred slingers, out of the Rbodians, and othera ill 
the army.** 



CHAPTER IV. 

4v Aimat^ninJ] An example of a-definite tense, indicating the 80 
preoise point of time, ai the very momerU they had crotted over, 

15. xaruXfipu.'] Supply *£xXfiy«f. 

16. Un//tm-] That is, i r^X^rtyxrkf Mi/^nn, F. Rule 11^ 
Obs. 1. 

17. $!yu] Referring to the Persians. 

22. j««V«vr«.] It will be perceived that the Greeks mangled the 
bodies of the dead only. 

2. ifXMr li n^Kvf «^»«A.tf^«f A^v«ri.] Although diis reading 8], 
is fsund in many of the manuscripts, it is hardly possible to transbte 
it and make sense. Stephanus, Hutchinson, W«iske and Dindorf 
read tlXiw 21 npixn w^»«X^«rc, «^«m«-i. a chud having jtaued be* 
fore the tun^ obscured it, which i' intelligible. But then another dif. 
ficulty presents itself. Did Xenophon relate this as a matter of fact, 
or as a fabulous tradition of the inhabitants of the dty ? Undoubted- 
ly the latter t for long before this time the Greeks knew enough of 
astronomy to know the cause of an eclipse, that it was produced \sf 
the intervention of the moon between the sun and the earth. Again t 
why should the inhabitants have been struck with such consternation, 
as to lose all their energy and sufler their dty to be taken, at the 
mere passing of a cloud over the disk of the sun, since this is almost 
an eveiy-day occurrence ? From considerations like these it haa been 
conjectured that the truer reading of this passage is, «fAi«» TH HXim 

4. Ux«.] Second aor., in a passive sense, of &\itum The 
regular second aor. is « A«y, but the Attic MXan is more generally 
used. 

9. Tu:^»ff a castle or fortification, 

1 1. Xiitf .... ««y;^aa.«crMrj marbU figured by petroled sheUs, 

IS. luA^r^T§¥f*] There seem to be many fabuk>us traditiont 
connected with the cities in this region. At one place an eclipse of 



974 NOTES. [Book IIL 

81 the sun, at another, thunder and lightning, drive the tuperstitious in- 
babiunta from their homea. 

23. «vf .] To supply the ellipsis, and presenre the Englidi order, 
f;^«ff rtVTotft iwMf, t)^aff »St cf mvrif ^kitv, 

32. #^ ym^t M. r. X.] That is, the enemy were so thick, that 
ereiy arrow took e&ct. 

82 12. fiun txtfTtf, hiitnng been worsted, 

17. wXmirtn iV««'Xfli^«f, a^tquctre. From this it appears that the 
wXaUm was a generic term. When used without any qualifying 
adjective it would seem to mean an oblong, or rectangle. 

28. iUwi^tm. ] That is, ri wXmUi$9 tut^'thrw, the square was 
exposed to attack. 

29. Afk Immrif,^ *Afk signifies equal division or distribution: 
Jktk l««T«v, into a hundred men each, 

S3, itrt ftn if»x^*** ^**i xi^«r<, SO that no confusion might take 
place in the wings, or so as not to be in the way of the Jlanks. 

33. Ttrt )) ^mfiyif tl^mtn rait »t^JiT§n, then again they marched^ 
but altogether detached from the wings. 

83 1* «** fi^^*» kviJ^ttrifttrXm^av mar* Arttfuviut, they filed 

up the' vacancy^ left by the expansion of the wings, that is, in six 
bodies of 100 men each when the vacancy was small; in twelve 
bodies if 50 each when larger ; and wiien very large, in twenty-four 
bodies of 25 each. The text of this whole passage relative to the 
change in the military disposition of the Greeks, is pronounced by 
nearly all the commentators to be corrupt, and military men acknowl- 
edge that they do not understand it. But that the new disposi. 
tion was such as to remedy the circumstances of the old, is evident 
from the whole context. The square presented too extended a front, 
and therefore they changed it for an oblong. But the evil which 
Xennphon lays most stress on, was the difficulty of filling up prompt- 
ly the openings of the rear, made by the separation of the wings, 
on occasion of forming the square anew, after coming out of a defile* 
If the six hundred men formed the rear face of the oblong, one can- 
not well comprehend how the companies under the new disposition 
could extricate themselves from a defile, with more celerity than the 
troops which composed the rear face of the square under the old one. 
But the number (600) was too small to form a rear fiice, and it may 



Chap. IV.] NOTES. 275 

therefore be presumed that there is an error in the number of the new 83 
companies, and that, instead of six, there were enough to form a 
tear face of sufficient depth to the oblong, 

17. uri /ut^Ttyttf, under ihe lash. It was usual for the Persian 
generals to flagellate their soldiers to make them do their duty in 
battle. 

24. m'fif ri &XX9 ^r^anoftM,'] That is/ when these archers and 
slingers returned, down the hill, to the main body, they were again 
assaulted with stones and arrows. 

S. *£yTcv/«.] " In the villages on the mountains they stayed 84 
three days, both on account of the wounded, and because they found 
great plenty of provisions laid up for the satrap of the country. 
This position must have been situated immediately over the present 
town of Zaco.** 

28. U^;»^t.] Thit\s,i»^(i/^ix^^t^i. 

3. rn II rir«^rif.] It was late on the fourth day's march from the 85 
Zaco hills (making the 14th from the Zabatus) when the Greeks found 
a large body of the enemy in possession of certain heights, which com- 
manded the road, in their front, they having passed the Greeks in the 
night. Tissaphernes, at the same time, appeared in sight with the 
main body, threatening their rear. Much general gallantry and ex- 
ertion were employed in dispossessing the enemy, by a detachment 
led by Xenophon in person. They finally passed the eminence, 
which appears to have been another projection from the greater 
mountains, and descended into the plains beyond it. This plain was 
situated immediately below the place where the steep and loft}' moun- 
tains of the Carduchians terminate on the banks of the Tigris, eflec- 
tually barring the passage upwards, and thus preventing their 
tracing it till it became fordab'e. Here then they were totally 
at a stand i the river was found tgo deep to be forded, and the enemy 
appeared in front on the opposite bank, \/ithout doubt fully prepared 
for this exigency which they bad foreseen. 

23. «i M( rnt Hovt those who beset our way. 

28. mwi Tw 0vifMtTt, from the front. 

S8. /utjR^*.] This is for »mra /uui^kv HU. 



S76 NOTX8. [BnQxIlX 

CHAPTER VL 

87 9. Kal «/ /Uv fim^mg, then CMriaopkits wkk Att «■«» eamu 

back from rtHemng their armftottims. The situatioo of things is this : 
Chiriaophus with his men csme down 6rst from the bill and eacsmpcd 
in the phin i while there* TiMaphemes suddenly «pp«ars, mod cuts 
off some of tlie Greeks who were out on a foraging expedition. Cbtii- 
iophus then UMrches to the reiief of the foragers, and wlien be sees 
the Permns setting fire to the yiUagea he ttiurut again to liis own 
camp on the plain. 

Si. M wk§ 9uv9ki kwnXiM.'l As it hat been said before, that the 
Oreelts burned their tents, this sentence must mean, when, tkejf r«- 
immed into the iunues of the viUaget, or into their qumierM, as thcj 
were now quaitered at these villages. 

S4. w^m^t the river Tigris. 

itJ> mark nfYMMr;^«XiMv» i^ four ihousandtt or fow thommmd 
ai a Owte. 

SJ. T«^«ir.] Th^t ttt^wT0tthefUtt, 
88 9. wS^v wXXti <V«^'f .] From this it appears that part of the 
enemy's cavalry were on the other side of the Tigris. 

1 1. iiV T»Sfft^mXi9 H w^f BmCttXin*, by a way different from that 
which leads into Babylon, 

18. rk /•{».] Supply ^i^ • and with rngt •)•* is to be supplied; 
the parts of the road. 

24. Km^Uix^ff'] "On an examination of the prisoners, tiie 
Greek generals found that it was practicable to pass over the moun- 
tains into the territoiy of the Carduchians. This nation, favored by 
the natural strength of the country, had preserved their independence 
ifi despite of the power of the great King. They are the ancestors 
of the modem Kouans, who have extended themselves along tha 
ridges and valleys of mount Tuurut^ from Asia Minor to the neigh* 
bourhood of Ispahan, and who occupy the coui4iy named, from then, 
•dves, KouAiusTAM.** Renndl 



BOOK FOURTH. 



CHAPTER I. 

15. Mmi Urn tS ri ^rtvif, where ii is nofrov* The question ii» 90 
what doet micv agree with ? Protably with fti^ understood, meuu 
ing that there is a point where the distance between the two riireri is 
quite small* 

16. Sit VAMt/froM.] The sense is, Ma/ they wUh to to conduct their 
incursion into the country of the Carduchians, as to conceal their 
movements Jrom the enemy, and still to get possessiitn if the numn^ 
tains first, 

17 itarttXmfiuv tk ix^m,"] The Carduchian mountains presented, 
in efllect, an asylum to the Greeks, who could in no other way have 
escaped, at last, the reiterated attacks of such an host of enemies, 
whose numliers also were augmenting instead of diminishing. But 
as a Persian army could not subsist, or their cavalry act, within the 
wide range of these mountains, the Greeks, by ascending them, got 
rid of their dreadful enemy. And although, in the mean time, they 
had to contend with an enemy much more brave and perseverii^, their 
numbers were fewer, and they might reasonably expect an earlier eft- 
cape from them than from the Persians. Had they known that the 
Tigris was fordable under the Zaco hills, and had passed into Mesopo- 
tamia, they would still have been followed by the Persians : they would 
al^ have had the Euphrates, (a nver yet more difficult to cross) in 
the line which they must have pursued. It therefore appears, accord- 
ing to our limited view of things, that nothing less than such a barrier 
as these mountains presented, could have saved the Greeks from 
erentual destruction from the attacks of the Persians. 
24 



S78 NOTES. [Book IV. 

90 18. fmXM»w','\ "The Greeks decamped whilst enough of the 
night remained for them to traverse the plain, and to arrive at the 
Ibot of the mountains unobserved ; for on this concealment thor ex- 
istence proLaUy depended. They had the good fortune to arrive not 
only at the mountain foot unobserved, but even to escape the enemy's 
observation altogether, whilst it was in their power to annoy them in 
ascending it. From this it may be concluded, that the plain was of 
no great breadth in that part'* RennelL 

91 4. §vk4f ymf iwiewttr; for there teas no danger that any 

enemy wmUl attack tkem m the rear, at tk^ were going up the moun- 



7. iwurm }k vfnyuT*, he then led kU men on before* 

8. if ii^rirc er^TtvftMTtt, and the different parts if the 

army, as they suceesaody gained the summit of the mountain^ Jbl* 
lowed after. 

8. r« vv-i^/SaA.^.] For r* rw er^mTt&ftMTH ft^ I «^» mM^n 
yirt^$tfiXn»u.. 
g2 ^* ^|«yO This is the first aor. participle neuter, put absolutdly 
for 7t» iUl^t m^mV, it having seemed best to do these things. TmS^tt is 
go\erned by tmm understood. See F. Rule XXXIII, end of Obs. 
3. 

10. rSt ivr^crwii, the charms t governed by WJoftneMg, 

S2. 7r< rfiyfuti rt %tn, that there was some danger threatenitfg. 

28. ZfTtf •T;^i'»i,/u<< as he was. 

.SI. Kmi yvy.] Here is a transition from what is technically call- 
ed the oratio obliqua, to the oratio recta. The oratio obUqua 
is when what has been said or thought by another is quoted by 
the writer not as his own idea, and yet not in the words of the speak- 
er i but in the manner of narration. The oraUo recta is when 
the direct words of the speaker are quoted. 
93 S. T«tfr«.] Supply %tm. Ask rmvrm, far these reoams. 

7. 'En) ym^ hfU9 w^ypmirn wm^x"^ fi^ "'^ *^ (^ coeo^r) 
were asmoyisig MM, 



Cur. IL] NOTES. 87» 

CHAPTER II. 

6. m^»L] Aiytvrn understood, to which aurtt is the nomiiiattYei Qi^ 
— and THBT SAID they would march to their assistance, 

14. AfMtltaiavs •• • • • XiVtfvf, literally, wagon-stones, stones wbieh are 
cofweyed by wagons, meaning erMrmoiisly large stones, 

25. r0tf# fth r»vt it, some, others. 

26. tK futrix»*^t ri az^tf, sujtposing that they were masters ef 
the summit, 

1 8. Koj mvTM fih £f \ir»^tu§n*»f, ^wi^ •/ «xa.m, the soldiers indeed 9^ 
could have ascended the same way which the others had taken. 

21. i^fiuf,] In the Grecian ^aX«y^ the front was longer than 
the sides, or there were more men in rank than in file. But the 
shape of the i^U fdXxyl was exactly the reverse, having a narrow 
front So the Greeks here ascend the hill i(0iuf rtut Xix**/, in deep 
columns. 

25. Kmi TWT— ««rf;^«^iMi>, the Greeks had scarcdy paeaed 

this hill, when they beheld anot/ier jtossessed by an enemy, 

SO. i**} «'«Xv.] itAfrnfMt understood ; they were extended over a 
long Sjxice, that is, t/tere was a long train of them, 

3. i 09ri^ Tfis M r^ m-v^t xaraXfi^^iisnt fpXotx?;, which overlooked 96 
the guard which were taken at the fire, 

8. M )i.] The sense is, the Barbarians obsermngfrom the top tf 
the hiU, all the transactions in the rear of the Greek army, went in a 
body to attack it. 

14. ^U^ai rk ««rX«, consistere inarmis et instructos, Schndder. 

19. r^ fta^r^.l This is the same summit as that menUoned in 
the sixth line of this page, which the Barbarians had left, and which 
Xenophon now possessed. 

21. i^* f, on condition t/iat, 

23. «XA« fT^anvfim,'} That is, the rear of the army which pro- 
tected the baggage. 

25. jf^^Mrr*.] The Greeks with Xenophon. 

S. 2f if Xa»»9ts. Bomemann reads JSfrt Iv kaizxut* The wine 9? 
was so abundant that they were obliged to keep it in plastered cistemi, 

10. r«vf x^T^ut, the van of the army, 

21. ▼(««'«;^«i.] See Antiq. Appendix. 



S80 NOTES. [BoocIV. 

97 2S. w^ Tf mdrtf.] That is, «'(«« ri /u^af Mtr^ - This passage 
if not very clear, and if there were but simply a bow used, we are 
at a loss to discover its meaning i for how could the arrow be discharg- 
ed by {lutling the left foot against the bow, and then drawing the 
string ? The attitude, in the first place, would be extremely difficult, 
and, in the next place, the arrow could not be aimed high enough 
to take any eflecC Besides, what is meant 'by r« ^/(«f mtat, the 
lower part of the bow 9 But if we suppose that the bow was inserted 
in a piece of wood, so as to form what is ''called " a cross-bow,** 
the whole difficulty is solved. Then the r« fU^ts nitm is the part 
where the bow is insertt<d in the •* gun ** or ** cross-piece." The 
archer places his lefl foot against this part, and draws the mv^mv with 
his greatest strength towards the handle of the gun, where it is &st- 
tened. Then, placing the arrow in the groove made in this cross- 
piece, he dischai^es it by remitting the fiistening of the stringL 



CHAPTER III. 

93 19. y<//c.] See Antiq. Pbrt. 8. Chap^ 9. 

26. ii^i^ii.] This is an elegantly elliptical phrase, where tbe 
ellipsis refers to the sense of the whole remark. It cannot be ren^ 
dered, buJt if notr that is, " if he did not carry his arms in the water 
the current swept him down ; '* for the sense is exactly the reverse. . 
Therefore it may be translated, '* but if on the contrary,** that is, m 
tx- •«'^« ^9 ^^ ui*Ti, " but i^ on the contrary, he should carry his 
arms in the water.** So (Matthew ix. 17,) Ovil fiakXwfiv wim 
vi«» us ar««vf T»3imt0Vf ' u )« (inyt ftiytwrtu ti &^mm, *' Neither do 
men put new wine into old bottles, dse the bottles burst.** That is, 
II il t^nyi, ** if; on the contmrtf, they do put new wine into old bot^ 
des t" or, but if not, that is, '* if they do not observe this rule, but put 
new wine into old bottles,*' &c. The phrase u 1$ fth may generally 
be rendered ** otherwise.** 

C^ 27. HvrwfAtvM,] Participle raid, of vim. to twim, 
ItH) ^^ M!tTt9'tt^w»9f marched, side by stde^ oti the appouU bamkg 
a very expressive word compounded of itfrif ira^m, and il|^ ia 
go : pluperf. mid. 



Chap. IV.] NOTES. S81 

15. Ui9T» rk (twXm, they stood at their arms, 100 

16. rrt^mrdfitft.'] ^ The Lacedaemonian soldiers, when the 
enemy were in sight, and they were about to engage in battle^ 
used to sacrifice a goat to Diana, and deck their heads with 
garlands. 

17. ira^yytXXt.^ That is, «ratfiiy7«XAi mfAMtlr^M »ai km* 

18. i^4iavt.] See note, page 95, line 21. 

4. ftn avoXuTtf^M, that they would not he left behind, 101 

6. 9t^Hn»»60§tt Sx^as lir} «-«» TfvxfMt, the banks extending along 
the side of the Hver, 

7. r»ut &nt itaXi/imW.] The infantry of the enemy that were 
stationed upon an eminence % mentioned on page 98, line 14. 

17. ktt/i.n^ )ii/3«m, were in the very act of passing, 

19. ttmr* Utt/Awiatt into companies of twenty-five men, 

20. 9a^* k^wi^af, to the left, as the shield was borne on the left 
arm: «r«^* k^wtlat ir»^ay*yi9Taf r^v UmfMrUf M ^rnkMyytSf 
to extend each company of twenty five to the left in the form of 
the phalanx. This was done in order to present a long line to 
the enemy. 

25. Sx^w."] The ix^** ^^ ^" ^""y con^pnses all those who do 
not bear arms, such as the cooks, sutlers, boys, women, &c. 

5. Ivf %i^Vf to the rightt as their spears were carried in their right 102 
hands. *£t * kr^'i^a and iirt ii^v were the common words of com- 
mand. 

23. Oi Tli iwanr^mrrft.J The soldiers sent by ChirisophuSy 
p. 101, line 27. 



CHAPTER IV. 

12. AvtjScXXiy.] The Greeks and Romans had no stimipt 1 103 
but those of wealth and rank were lifted upon their horses by a per* 
son called kfafitXwg, In the middle ages, the Pope used to make 
the generalissimo of the army perform this menial duty. 

2. hMi^ik^ttf, to dear up. Theme ftf^n^, the air / hence m/^mU | /w 
iuf, to expose to the open air, to be in a pure air, also to becomt 
24* 



MS NOTES. [BookIV. 

104 dear, Xenopbon Dine lioet before had given two ratons wh3* the 
aoldien should quarter then*aelves in the Tillages, namdy, heca'uae 
MO tmtmty oftftetnred (w yit^ i^^^*)* and on account vf the quantity 
^ tium {}tk ^ wXnhs rsr x'*'*')* ^^^ *^^ ^^ assigns two no- 
tires for their encamping together in a body, namely, the appearance 
«f the firn ef the enemy (w«XA« irai|f«), and the proepect of dear 
weather (U««u )iM#^c^uv}. Some commentators have thought 
that the verb \tm,i§^m.Xuf here means ''to encamp m the open 
air* 

5. «vffWW«»> madettift benumbed, 

7. ibXiuvo, vmrm at a aheUer^ w, ayfut being understood. 

105 15. «^ ediXwiyyu] The soldi. .ts were probably scattered vpoa 
the hills, sad in the oaem/s camp in search of booty. 



CHAPTER V. 

S7. 'O ti T^tTit.l Iru^ftif is understood. 

106 ^^* IfifvXtfiiaetif, were affected with inaatiable hungfr. The dis- 
ease of fiHfXifua is thus described by Galen. " It is a disorder in 
which the patient is continually craving for victuals, loses the use of 
his limbs, falls down, and turns pale. His extremities become coldy 
his stomach oppressed, and his pulse scarcely sensible.** 

S6. Ili^rirr/, in the Persian language. 

29. M»tfMi^%ii9, the governor of the vUlage, or mayor^ to nse a 
modern term. 

107 ^* *Or«i li urMt/tifM U*tf»£9T», whoever slept with their shoes an, 
12. ««(C«riyci.] See Antiq. Part 10. Chap. 15. 

25. )mf f(«^ii>04, quarrelUng, 

106 ^* '^" wr^rtopa.l That is, the whole of the army except 

that part which was with Chirisophus, in the village. 
SO. l»(Xivny, requested, 

26. Iv rms Mfutit.'] That is, tn those dOaget where the Gredcs 
were quartered. 

32. ti^H *(iSi94u Bterally, barley wine, Diodorus Siculus (xiw. 
98.) says that Osiris, the Egj'ptian Bacchus, was tfie inventor of 
malt liquor, as a rellrf to thos6 countries where the vine did oat 
succeed. 



Chav. VL] notes. S83 

S3. M s^3«} Ut;cuXut.] The meaning of tfaif probtlily If. 4wt ^^ 
the Greeks, having come into the village^ found the goblets of 
porter full to' the brim, in wbicb some gruu of the faerley were 
sdU floating. 

4. wvfApmiivTtj to him foAo became accuitamed to ii, 109 

10. •!>#».] Xenopbon here ceems to be apeiking of wine £ma 
the grape. 

1 1. iuiT§^tt(ttyfti90t.J Attic for Mmr*t^tiyfU9$t* 

19. mJ» 49 ^* ««*•» 0»t and there was no place where there wot not, 

22. ^iX0^^»9»vfH9H, from kmdnets, or out ^ patiteneet .* e^Mnwf 
Tf, to drink to any one*s health, 

29. ^tifuf x*^***'} Owing to the aeaaon of the ,ywr they eoiild 
not procure green plants, of which garlands were general^ made. 
See F. Rule XXXVIL 

31. JSfTifiuMSt at if they were deafi in ooQM|iieBce of tMr %- 
norance of the Greek language. 

1 1. ^vfuuiUrt^, nurn mOtletme^ ^vM, 110 



CHAPTER VI. 

23. h'l Used fanpedonally, if «Nis now. 

10. »ark Mt^at, longo agmine. In this dispoiiiioB of liie troopt \\l 
a very narrow front was presented to the enemy. 

1 1. ^Xayyt*"} The meaning is, to bring up the eoliMons in the 
rear, to the front, in the/arm of the phalanx, so tb«t a. broad front 
might be presented. 

29. i(«ifit9t9 o'Xiw, 4 2^' Vi^Mnra ^rAth txtendtie the eye more 
than sixty stadia, 

5. II ^e*^*'**^] Tba* "» ^ '■c»x«^ •^*»* 112 

10. xfie^Mif that we shall have the advantage ef fading. The 
rerb xf^/^** ™"'*' ^ rendered variously, according to the sense «f 
the passage in which it is found. It means here to Ug^ vpan, 
to find i but then there is an idea of profit or advantage in it, whidi 
otonot be expressed in English without circumlocution. 

13. ifttim,] The citizens of SparU were divided into two great 
classes. the*0/i««ii, whobad the fd^nk^ of mliiig, «nd could be 



S84 NOTES. [BookIV. 

112 dected totnyoflce; and the 'T^t^^/wm, who coald only vote at 
dectioos. '0/mms may be tnntlated the Peers, persons of elevated 
and equal raak. See Antiq. Put. 4. Chap. 2. 

18. iwihtj^/m^itu r^y irmihi»9, to give us a specimen of yoter edn- 
eatiofi, 

S2. rit ^nf$i^m,] Supply xc^^f^"*^ Aristophanes, in his Came- 
dies, is continually ridiculing the cupidity and fraud of the Athenian 
magistrates. Chiritophus seems to gtre Xenophon as good as he 
lends ; the latter however does not return the retort, but gravely 
proceeds to businesa. 

29. tiXmwSf. ] There were many of the Barbarians who followed 
the Grecian army, at a distance, for the purpose of stealing what they 
could find. 
113 ^* n^* ^ 'f^ ***** **•»< T*XX$»t rnXXtiXtf.] Schneider places 
a comma after «'«XA«^, and none after «XXiiXMr. This is better. 
The sense is, before the main body of each army had engaged ttfiih 
mck other, the two parties on the heights had Joined battle. 



CHAPTER VII. 

114 17, rSr ifnf%x*^9 *^v^»s, the overhanging roch, 

17. tSrif trnTihrM, is thus dealt with, pointing at them at tbe 
same time. 

26. M' Jy, against which or behind which, 

115 1. « AM i»," f^, •< W rt0f ttn," thu u the very thing, said he, 
that would benefit us, 

10. iiri rk )ly)^ under cover cf the trees, 

15. ftnx^^rmi Ti, devised something cf this sort. 

SI. latfrht i9rtKar^fttrT90f, threw themselves down upon thev^* 

116 8. its xu^t j|cr«v, they came to dose quarters, or fought hetnd 
in hand, 

9. 'm^iym,} The lower parts of the lorica, or coats of mail of 
the Greeks, were called v'ri^yytt, which extended a little over the 
thighs. Instead of these wings, the Chalybians seem to have had 
thick cords twisted. Antlq. Fkrt 8. Chapt 3. 

32. aStuf Mm) fidfin, to hum and lay waste. 

117 15. BiXmrrm,] On the shores of the Eoziiie lei^ vUA dta» 



Chaf. VIIL] notes. «8S 

Greeks now beheld, were many dtieg tahabitcd by their coiintiymen. l|7 
TTence» and from the thought! of the superior facilities it would af- 
ford them for returning to their own country, their extreme exultatioa 
in beholding \U 

20. S-TMf %ti fru^yyvhm^Tt^ wome one tuggetUng it, 

27. T$bs ta»T»xiwt, the rings which he saw on thdr fingen. 



CHAPTER VIIl. 

5. tif h U$/3«XXc» i «e'T«'^ i^o whick thtU liver, toiUcA hounded US 
the two nations, emfttied. 

12. $ifTitff thus, that is, by casting stones into the river, and 
standing upon them, so as to get nearer to the Greeks. 

21. &vTtTtrax»rtu,'] The lonians and Dorians form the third 
person plur. of the perf. passive from the third person singular, by 
inserting « before rtu, in which case the original aspirated consonant 
enters before the «. For examDl<$ « Sttv***, TUafAfttu, rUmwrmty 
Ti4mirttTai, Tiiat^ttrcu ' — so fron avrsrairrtt, JivTiriTmyfuUt mvrirU' 
v«x-raM, avTiTird*eiTai, «i>ririr«;^«v«4. The Attic writers some- 
times use this form. See MatthiK» Art. 1 98. 

15. M r^XXcvf.] **M wXktvt nr«y^S»M, — mea sententia HO 
phalanx dicitur altior quam latior, ut Ir ' iXtyt»9 rir. latior quam al- 
tior." Bomemann. 

20. •/ 2i trtif but if in some part* 

11. %Sxtfiett, to make Ikeir ffows i that is, to promise sacrifices to 120 
the gods in case they were victorious. 

27. «f^«w.] From Xfilm, 

28. Marm 'tnj^itfu avtmV, old d^ectio accedebai ipsis, 

29. I2ii)«»«ri«.] Perf. participle Attic of n«r. 

3X dl«'«^Mir»4vr<y.] Observe that this is the dat. of the partid- 
pie, governed by Ufntrmw, 

12. |iMff.] The various presents which it was customary for 121 
hosts and guests to give to each other as a proof of the sincerity of 
their friendship, were called by the general name of litm. 

16. «l9^w.] For an account of the Grecian games, lee Antiq. 
Fart 6. Chap. 6. 



S86 NOTES. [Book IV. 

121 19. %^ifi0» WsfttXninfktt to take citarge of the race-caune, 

28. «i;^^»«Xj»rM».] It would seem very repugoant to the habits 
ao4 feeKngs of the Greeki, that their captives, who were slaves^ 
should mingle with their masters in the exercises of the games. 
Besides, how could they so soon learn the various exercises, which 
the Lacedaemonians and Athenians made a distinct part of education? 
Weiske and Schneider coijecture that the true reading is, A^utt. 

28. )«X<;^Mi] Tlie measure of the ^i>jj^»t does not appear 
to have been fixed. Generally it was about seven stadia, or 
the simple course, called rr£i$»t, or rrmitWf was run over seven times 
and back. 

32. tutrk rtS irftmn ixdrmvrmg^ having run dowm a dtcSm^ 



BOOK FIFTH. 



CHAPTER I. 

12. Uruftif-'i From Univt*, to stretch out, saSaway* je^Q 
10. rvf ir(»9»fiais, with regiUar Jbragiilg parties t ^iTv nftStg imdep- |24 

stood before Xet/A^einn* 

1 6. $ti£fitv, that we may know* 

18. awn^rri^atVf of those of less experience. 

33. »otreiyti/itv, that toe may bring into port, 

33. irniaXia,] See Antiq. Part. 9. Chap. 3. This was done 
to prevent either the owners or the soldiers from sailing away with the 
ships clandestinely. 

5. tavktv fftn^ifffieu, to make an agreement with them for the 225 
freight. 

13. In^^n^/ri ft^f •viiv, did not pui the question to vote* 



CHAPTER II. 

5. £n ht^t^rmxirts In rSw MtuSv, because having been dnoen |m 
from their houses, 

24. xati y^^.l The sense requires that this clause, as far as fftvMf. 
f*(y«i, should be considered as in a parenthesis. So also the not 
cl.vise from h y»^ to;^«^«3^9. 

^7. •; )2.] That is, •/ ti 9»xi/uM, 

80. *0 t Ixim^ the messenger / i iyytXtt being undentood. 

8. stt kxi9T»t if rw x^V*^* as^ he would take the diy. |^ 



988 K0TB8. [BookT 

127 10. «v»i;^i|(«M» fBW Ait otfiuenl. 

90. lNi>«»Air^(«Mv, reru/y fo throw ihdr Jawdku. Hesychtus 

to uueH tMeJbfgen into the thong of the javeHn, 

94. T^orm i^i^uXnH***, |o take cafe that m!i thete things vert 



95. ti ifMtrfvif rwrm fam x*k*^ '^**** *<^ thought ihenueives not 
inferior m merit to thetet where r«»rw» refera to Xtx^y^ umI l^tX*- 

97. /B^fMiMrf crfacen/t'tk^pedf lo that eteh wing faced the othen. 

97. Im^ ^ X*^**^ (ilMii raMtrrM underatood,) on account of the 
ground, or the nature qfthe ground being such, that is, circular and 
aloping lowarda. 

128 U. l»Uian.] That ia, i Sif«^«» imiXtoeu 

16. isriVrw4«f.] Suppljr T«vr wXifu»o$ ' m iXrif i$»»ft%t9i rcfoi 
to the Greeka. 

90. «v^ A;^^ii«»r>] Some copiea read if* k^ttymt, for piunder, 
which muat he incorrect For at thia time^ while they were in the 
nddat of a atrong city of a warlilce people, with the aoldiera of the ene- 
my preaaing them on all aidea, the Greeka appear, from the context, 
to he thinlcing how they could beat retreat And, if they wiahed to 
aend out compaoiea for booty, they would not send the A;^«<i««r and 
hrXirof. The aenae ia, that, deairoua of retreating, they sent all the 
uadeaa part of the army and moat of the heavy-armed, through the 
gatea, that the afingera and archera might remain to cover the retreat 

97. rmv IrXirZf ri ^rXnit, the greater jMirt of the heavy^armed, 

129 S, ir«»M.] Theae worda are connected in Jacobs* edition ; hat 
they are oftener written aeparate : — U-m In Udyffmfrt, tome one sh- 
deed having tet fire to it, 

10. »mrti ri rrifia, Amaaeua rendera thia, '* in ipaia viae fiiucU 
bua,** in fronts Weiake, ''e regione," on the opposite tide. But may 
not rrifiui refer to the gates of the city, aa the houaea near tboat 
would be moat likely to incommode the Greeks. 

96. ikXf Moi IXXji, here and there. 



Cmap. IV.] NO TBS. 889 

CHAPTER III. 

"20. rhf hxdmv.'] Frequent meatioa is made in bistoiy of tkhes 130 
dedicated to the heathen gods. 

25. Sfftf-ct/Mv.] It was the custom of most of the ancient nations 
to deposit their treasures iti the temples of the gods. 

4. ipvyi9.} According to Laertius, Xenophon was banished iwi 131 
K%iciit¥f9fitSt on a citarge (fbein^ a jtaHhan of ike Lmcedamoniant* 

5. 2xiA.A«vir».] Here Xenophon is said to luive written his histo- 
rical works. 

8. $X4U ivtiXtf 6 S-tifi where the god had directed by the oracie, 
18 THs ^xnvev^if.'} Those who, on the festive day, assembled 9t 

the feast, dwelt under tents. 

3C. Irr/.] There seems to be something understood here^ such as 

the participle ^vrtvofTM, jtroducing .- S^et l^ r^tturk «(«?«, ntch at 

produce fruits wMch, in their season, may be eaten raw. 

31. fAiymXifl The temple of Diana, at. Ephesus, was four hun- 
dred and twenty- five feet long, two hundred and twenty broad, and 
had one hundred and twenty-seven columns. 

32. MS KtnrK^iffnn xi^^V ••""'» OS far as a statue of cypress can »»- 
temble one ofgotfL Hutchinson thinks that the statue of Diaoa^ at 
Ephesus, was not of solid gold, but merely gilded. 

2. TON.] Some verb is understood, as Jiror xf^- But this el- 132 
liptical form of the accusative before the infinitive, was frequently used 
for the imperative mode. 

6. THI 0Eni MEAH2EI Thk Goddxss will taks vnr- 
OEANCK ov HIM. It Will be obseTved that the iota, instead of being 
tubtcrtpt, is postscript ub capitals. 



CHAPTER IV. 

so. ^mett0nHU tig f^v 'BXX^a, to go safely into Greece. 

29. r! kftSv hn^'i^fi xfnrm^^tut in Vf/tat respect do you voisk te 
emjdoyus. 

S. I» rw Ir) ^drt^ on the other side of this* Supply fti^, with 1 03 
which Bmn^m, agrees. 

S5 



W> NOTES. [BookV. 

133 12. JUk Immriv, by kundretU, When the preposition «•• is 
med with the accusative of a numeral aiQectiTe, it generally impBea 
diatrihuiioti, 

15. tfitw(90hv, towards the end g «frir#f9, at the handle, 

18. ai^»A«*, a creU-Wce titfl tf hair, 
S3. inftMy^Armmf very earn/ to be taken. 

134 1 1* '" yiyimrnij thai the advantages may be as greai as 

the disadvantage. 

19. Tf Swri, ill reality, 

96, &w0kiir*fti*Mn la ffit*^9 rw mftmrtf bang bv;t a,short tB^ 
tanee Jnm the Jront. 

S9. •! T ^UAm.] That is, «/ UXarm, 

135 ^* ^* X^'V**'^ ^y ^^^' ^^ ^^ ^ understand li fmr^i^tXit, 

13, fmXmrT9»vm,] Some editors would prefer ^vX«rT«w<. Poib- 
pooiuf Mela, in his Geography, remarks that the Mosynoed elect 
their kings by suffrage^ and Iceep them in chains under a most vigi- 
lant guard, and punish them for their faults by withholding their daily 
food. 

15. nnfUtttf, accumulated \ from tmim, 

80. Ka^Mc ..... rA wlMrim, •l» i;^«vr« %m^»it9 •lUtftiut^ literally, 
Jlat nuts wUhout any d^i a sort of chestnuts. 

136 ^* ^^'Yf^**^ Mifut9t marked with painted flowers. The word 
l#v»y/»iM«r aeems to imply that the colon were imprmied m the 



CHAPTER V. 

fiO. etU^mS'T^ Chalybiawas fioned for its nunes^ in the age of 
Homer. 

23. Ifn0h*t n* might reap some advantagSf that is, might lecniw 
to themselves some booty. 

138 ^^* *^X *^^C"* notjrom wantonness, 

139 1 • ^"^ ItvrSt ^«r«»iv*nr, paying their own expenses. 
S. IXX' i^* h/u9 f, but that it may be in our power, 

10. Wv Hm^XmyiMt^ the I^jthtagonian, meaning the Idng of Hhm 



CaAr.yL] NOTES 891 

CHAPTER VI. 

S. ^(9t^uf, to need sUU moref to need in addition, 140 

5. *EXA.if»cf rv^C«(/Aii/My.] "£xXtf^< is governed by i0y«ivi 

and T^vrtf refers to the clause rif tSrauf ri, tirxt »au r« fiiXrt^m 
rvfitfioyXtvitf, The sense is, that they would first oj)etily show tfiem' 
selves to be Greeks by this, namely, by their being well disposed tO' 
wards Greeks, and giving them the best jxtssible advice, Stephens re- 
fers the dative "ExXn^t to Sprat, instead of iSwvf * either construction 
is admissible. 

14. hfk rv^C««X«.] In allusion to the proverb h^»f ;^(?^c 

15. /A»i rM^frvAf.] The idea is, a favoralh op}wrtunily now jtre* 
sents itself to me to show the truth of the sayitig, tliat **cowisdis 
holy." 

S3, /ittin ^(«»«r, was too high-minded, too haughty. 
. 29. 9rr«vf.] Xenophon means to convey the idea, that if they 141 
are together they will be superior to all opposing force, but if 
divided, they may fall before their enemy, and become slaves. 

5. •&» Af » , , , . flrc^irxfiMcr^q.] By some of the Latin commen- 142 
tators this is rendered as past time \ but Wdske, much better, would 
prefer the future potential, — where so great a force could not again 
be collected. It was, indeed, a design worthy of Xenophon, and the 
execution of it would have been worthy of the glory of the Grecian 
arms, that such a noble body of troops, preserved amid so many 
perils in a toilsome expedition against the Persian Ling, and 
such as could scarcely be collected together again, should settle at last 
on the fertile shores of the Euxine, to extend the name and the em- 
pire of Greece. 

5. ir(4irr»Tfv^ai, to use Ids influence. i uro 

8. T^ofix**^ f^t ^^ &^ y^^^ thoughts to a settlement here. 

11. At* fvfinfitst froTnx the beginning of the month, or, literally, 
Jrom the begmnmg of the moon, as the Greeks reckoned theur montba 
from the new moon. See Antiq. Part 7. 

11. Ki^i4eifM».] See Antiq. Appendix. 

17. ^ikri Uu4t9 tSftu, from having originated there. 



Mf NOTES. [Bo0kT. 

144 7. r« ft\f fiiyirrtvt uAich is oU-imporianL 

11. 'E^iiMysf yk^ rw Xiy^^ fw he has spread a report, 

S3. AwmTmirmrfrnt Xf ****^ ^^"^ '^ oughi aho to gkm MKT 

tfte tAm^/t^, namely, oi settling somewhere here. 

145 t. rw /uW«f«^f.] That is, rk ;^(ii^«r« rJJf /m^^«^«#S^ 



CHAPTER Vn. 

96. Ml) 4t^»X«i nwirr«rT«, and M<ry sfomf to^efA^r m grintpu 

146 '?• '^y<^^''l '^u is used synonymously with ht%\n^uu, 

17. Ivtu ^ )virw, mpt^xu T i»rtv/t9.J Schneider thinks that 
these words are spurious and ought to be expunged. 

23. *Ax}Ji y^i'] '^^h ** has been remarked before, is aa dlip. 
tical phrase. To supply the ellipsis, JiXXik irrs* 7r«»f rtg mt kfukt 
Viawrn^oh y^i hut n u rossuLX foe ant okz to jmcxitx voi^ 

thai is, AKT ONK MAT BBCKITX TOV IM XHS OOTSXT; JoT I COUld 

embark you in a calm, 

27. Utiii T, but grant it^ but I put the case, 

28. xoi in ««i, ami beddes also, 

147 7. *Axx« >^, '< .9m^ I will say nothing saon^/ar methinks I have 
said enough in reply to the calumnies.*' 

9. n «XX«y t^axmrneM rtturet^ or that another deceives him t^poa 
these subjects, 

12. i tl l^ru^t, »m\ Urm »7m v^Mxfttri^, which thing, if ii spread 
mbroad, and become of such magnitude as it lias shovm itself eapaUe 
^ becoming, 

148 ^' **^'^ «»ity/»i»Mi not having yet act sail from the pert. The 
verb is compounded of Jivm, up, and Ay»t, to raise : and takes the sig* 
aification from raising up or weighing the anchor. It may be ren- 
dered not having weighed anchor, KMrayie^at, on the contrary, ia^ 
to be broug^ into part* 

9. ^pUs X^yiuu] Schneider reads e^ms Xiy*^^ preferring hMvevet 
to exclude the words altogether. It seems to meai^ that they tuok 
tqnm tftemselves to say, 
I^Q 6, Ka) Tturwf ri %9xur%\\ Supply )i74r«% And what do yank 
think that these feared 9 



Chap. VIIL] NOTES. S9S 

16. U tviifu^ X'^if* ^'^ ^^ authority, - ' 149 

25. ^ifv^^lceyrf, have ejftcted tfiis. 

31. *Axk' ifctit^] The sense is — " But there is no need to fend 
ambassadors to the Cerasuntians, for we have desired/' &c. 150 

7. v-a fiiyirra.] This appears to allude principally to the mur- 
der of the heralds, which was the most grievous violation of the rights 
of nations, and of the ordinances of religion. 

19. xttStt^fiis'l In what manner the purification was performed 
it cannot be decided, as there were many difierent ceremonies of pu- 
rification. See Antiq. Part 5. Chap. 6. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

22. Tnt ^vX««iff.] The Phoenician vessels were called ytuiXMt 
and their cargoes yauXtxa x^^futra, T« fAuttfttt may be rendered^ 
a defalcation. The sense of the passage then is this : Philetiui 
and Xanthicki were each fined twenty minaf being the atnount tf 
their defalcations as guards over the effects taken from the tvssels. 

26. ixiXiv^tf iiVfTv viit v^urof, v^Ztsv Xi^xyra, he ordered him 
who first made t/te accusation to say first, 

5. •*$ ^ctih uvo rnt ZZ^tts »««'«» «v» lyyiyvt^ttu, who are said 151 
not to feel fatigue in consequence of their viciousness, 

7. i» rUt ' ttlrlou understood. 

8. vt^ reithxif, about affects of affection, 

14. x»fit9«fT», a sick j)erson, 

22. «-«r«iir«v iyiyv^fxov, I knew him so fhr as this only. 

50. *Oirifa y% /3«i/A.crffi.l llie verb ^•vXirat probably agrees 
with m^ understood, referring to the sick soldiers. While the by* 
standers exclaim that the soldier is alive, the one who is about to 
bury him replies, — " Well ; it may be so, — just as he pleases, — 
but I won*t carry him any farther.** 

S2. ttliri Uixlvtu, to act like one who knew, &c. 

7. irttf fti^tffat fUf tf^Ku %t vfiat, who ought to be BoH^kd tksU 152 
ihey are preserved by your instrumentality. 

15. xa^ifuJsp kuLerks /liytf, I perceived that I could tcarct^ 
rite. 

as* 



M4 MOTBS. [BookT. 

158 19- iyfirwrm, fexOfUky. 

Itmt )f «ii» ilv «Si#«v Xc^^Mi*, Bui if tkey had come htto the pother of 
lAe enemy, what m erud mmimeni camld they receive, far which they 
wemld deem k expedient io eatt the offiender lejuMieef 
153 4. ir(i0^v$,] It wu the office of the fHoet mate to ak at tfa* 
jMow of the shim to keep a look o«t. 
15. ^yUx*r% he jemtended, 

18. ;^«Xf«'«vf, fierce, mmf. 

19. ^j^M-i.] Ionic for )i)u#i, ft 001 }(l4^ to fimdL 

29. ««] iutiiifawtut, and gave cadence thai they were mmdftii 

29. JMk) «^it7iMr«, aitn xaXZs ^x***'! Brodaeus, Amaaeua^ 
Strphaaua, Muretus, Morus, Weiske, D'AbUnoourt, and Schneider, 
all render this passage diflerently, so that there is a wide field for'' se- 
lection. Brodseus says» *' et hue ad ultimum res erasit, ut pulchre se 
haberent omnia," and the event wot mch that all things went wetL 
But the preposition an^/, in composition, often s'gnifies aa^^eriority. 
The Yeih, therefore, instead of being used impersonally, may have 
U%9«fZ9 for iu nominative. The sense then may be, — and Xenophon 
ffMff mtperior to his accuserSt 90 as to be infiwor with alL 



mi 



if 



BOOK SIXTH. 



CHAPTER I. 

-• 
14. mC^m] The ^nC^t were coiwbes made of bnuii.wood» 154 
^^ and covered with leaves and straw. 

-■ S, 2#ri£x««f.] This martial song commemorated the warlike viiw 155 

» tues of Sitalces, king of Thrace, in boner of whom it was composed. 

.' 6. ««^4r«;«».] This was a Tbessalian pantomime danc^ a de- 

f acription of which is here given. 

8. WK»*A (UT«€T^pifMmi often looking round at the $ame 
i Hme, 

if 26. hnm liTMVfT*, deemed U wonderfitL 

1. «vr«vf.] This refers to the v^irCuf sent by the Rqphhgo- 156 
nians. 

10. ^i}/^M0r.] See Antiq. Appendix. 

19. iisyu avT0vt.] Supply f»«i«, the thought occurred to them. 
24. iTrrM tit um^t^tn, that there would be less ddatf. 
26. U rfi# wx^nt.} That is, l« rnt nxttmt yttif^nt, from the 
prevailing ojnniont according to the mc^ority. 

Sa rj fiUf partly, in one resfiect. This is generally followed by 
wj My but this is implied in Mtt T mS, in the second fine of the 
next page. 

92. w^it rtus ^iX«iv, to his friendsy in Greece and Athens, and 
also to Athens as a city. 

6. wm^mfm^d/uMf )v# h(t7th having led two victims to the sMar» |5y 
8. U AfX^ttlt.] There seems to be something understood here^ 
•odi as tSv Si«v. It will be perceived, by reference to page 64, 
liMt on Xenophon's going to Delphi, to consttU the oiade 



996 NOTES. [Book VL 

157 vhether he should undertake the expedition, and to inquire to vfaat 
god be should ofler saciiSces, A|X)Uo alone replied to him. The 
lense of the pas&age is, * to whom (Jupiter), abttve alt the other gods, 
he was commanded by Afudlo, at Ddphi, to offer sacrifices, 

1 1 . ¥v0TmineifAi»»f, about to be itUrotluced, 

12. )k{f«i».] It was an old superstition, among the Greeks, to 
look upon all appearances on the right hand, particulaily that of 
■n eagle^ as an otxiea of success. 

86. *• fittTH \fu tr^»M(tfnftUt that I indeed should be pr ef erre d , 

158 4. /ui X/cf «» TMxv r<#f^«M##llJl^ lest I should very soon be taught 
better. 

11. wXy ^XX«v.] These words rather qualify xiy^wng than 
l(«f«VratT«. Some copies read irkMus, instead of ftSikXtv, ndiich 
would qualify {(«MrT«vr«. If tlie present reading be retained, the 
sentence might be translated, they rose vp exclaiming mtich more 
vehemently: if vXi'fvs be substitutedt they rose up in much 
greater numbers, exclaisningt &c. 

18. IruUi U(« rXtUtrnf ifli»9, when he sa^ tfiat it was necessary 
to s/teak more ojtenly or jdabdy, 

29. »«} ftik\m ifMiti murit etyat^wrf, although I strongly enjoin 
silence ujwn him. Chirisophus means to Insinuate that Xenophoo 
was not in favor with the Lacedaemonians. 

159 S. JiwliiM9$t.1 See note, page 148, line 4. 



CHAPTER II. 

7. *I«r«*/«».] For the account of Jason's expedition, see AnUion's 
Lempriere. 

12. tJ 'A;^i(«v^/«^i Xip/«fn«-M) tAtf Pmifuu^n Acheruda. Tliere 
is a large cave near this peninsula, which was said to be the passage 
down to tlie realms of Pluto, and from which Hercules dragged up 
Cerberus, as here related. 

27. KuXtxnvuf.l See Antiq. Appendix. 
160 ^' «"f«^^* *•*•"'•• ^^ projtosed to send .• imperfect* 

S. Mi T M ««< 8tf0^S9Tm. ] Supply <r(0iim\mr9 

4. Ux»c^t Ji^tfUx^rB, declined altogether^ 



Chap. Ill] NOTES. 297 

19. tta*Afti$eti09.'\ Xenophon, whom they considered as reallj IGO 
exercising the chief command over the army^ although Chiriscphus 
had been named their leader. 

30. riw/rritrcv, u fitted themselves together, 

31. I» T9if w«*n}f.] See note, page 156, line 26. 

6. irtiK W9 fitihis fAiTorx^, that no one ilierefore might share this IGl 
toUh them, 

10. Avrijf.] Some refer this to Neo, others, and among thera 
Zeunius and Hutchinson, to Xenophon. 

11. riff rr^«ri««.] By this we are to understand that port of 
the army with which he was connected. 



CHAPTER III. 

1. *0» fU9 9U9,'} From these two recapitulatory lines, some an* \QQ 
dent editor endeavoured to make it appear tluit this must be the com* 
mencement of a new book. But the recapitulation embraces so lit- 
tle compared with the exordiums of most of the other books, that 
the argument for makinjr this ..he commencement of a new book 
is rather weak. Besides, most of the manuscripts are against such 
a division. 

7. Xax»t-^ For the short time that the Arcadians and Achaiani 
were separated from the rest of the army, as they had elected ten 
generals, the Xax»t consisted of the tenth part of four thousand fire 
hundred. 

8. rv9iv9j two together y two at a time, 

8. 2v»iCiiX«»r« n fim Xi^»9, They had agreed upon a htU, — they 
had fixed among themselves, ti/ion a ttill, 

12. iia^oyivrtf.'] The better reading ts Xa^tuyttrti, the present 
part. The Thracians, as Jari as they escaped, assembled together 
in a body, 

15. fiV r« ovtKtifttvw, to an appointed jtlace, to a place of ren» 
dezvous : x**V** understood. 

18. v^Wrrrat avrovf } Supply •' 0^axir. 

22. M /ih ^vt ^^AyfMtcn, $! t &*iu ^^ayfiarmtf tome with difftm 
culty, and some without any diffictdty. 



898 NOTES. [Book VL 

162 29. M* )i.] That is, m* ti 0^7«fr. But Io-Zmiv, in the next line^ 
refers to the Greeks. 

163 1. r^t ^if, referring to the Greeks t riv )i, to the Thracians. 
3. nXtvrifTif.} See F. Rule II, Cbs. 8. 

7. iv rwTf '#x*^«* ('" tliis situation things remain. That is, as 
the Thracians do not like the terms of the proposal of their giving 
hostages, there is no agreement about a treaty. 

27. ««*«? )ii«rM«'Mtrr^ai.] Xenophon here would not seem to 

speak with reference to any psirticular time for supper, but would have 
the soldiers march as far as they could before supper. 

164 9. «Mv^ Tnt ruTmtlms f;^ir/«<. ] That is, to depend fir our tafety 
only ufwn <nir union, Wilh a genitive tj^9/Asu is not unfrequently 
found, having t!.e signification of to cleave ii>, to pursue. 

10. •'«^«r«iiNKrs^i»#vf r«r yu/unt, having aebjfted tkis resolu' 
turn, 

lit. tKmiaf ytfifttvMf found themselves unaumres, that is, 

they reached the hill where the Arcadians had been, before th^ were 
aware of it. 

165 ^^* "*' *** *^«-] "^^^ ^*> ^t **« *^^^ X^V**» 

20. wvi»fiiu¥t rk wmf i^v, having learned our tUuaiknu 



CHAPTER IV. 

25. ir^if rSf Xi/KiM, near the harbour, 

29. Tfin^u.] Arrian says, that the distance from Byzantium to 
Ileradea, which is be^'ond Caipe, is eight hundred stadia : and ac- 
cording to Herodotus, seven hundred sUidia were a day^s row for a 
trireme galley. 
166 7. tf»o0-i9 i^yviSf, tiventy /athoms, equal to one hundred and 
twenty feet : § }l ttv^^nv, the isthmus, 

9. ri t irrif ] That is, the space between the main land and 
the extreme point of the promontory. 

14. favvtiynrtfui, suitable fir ship 'buUding. 

24. th U ri wiXifua av yMfAitn.] It would seem that the word 
X'^i*** should be supplied after r«, and that the clause is equivalent to 



Chap, v.] NOTES. 899 

tU )i ri x**V*** ^ *' 'riXtffAm yivtr^i into a place which mighi easily 1 66 
become a city, or itito a jylace well adapted/or the building of a city. 

This clause Spelinan translates, " some even bring soldiers with them 
who had spent their fortunes t** thus translating &*2(tif, '* soldiers,*' 
and making the article «j the relative «7. But «/ fdv aad m Ik are 
evidently opposed to each other. B6rnemann thinks that Avi^ag has 
surreptitiously crept into the text, and should be gected. It would 
then read, some bringing their fortunes^ and others having spent thar 
all before they came. If we read &^^t for iiH^as the sense will be 
good, — »ime men bringing, &c. 

5. riff iiV TMvri. ruvihu, of the union or tax aeict at the same 167 
PLACE, that is, at Calpe. 

6. Ttf h^a iyiftro.^ The verb lyiuTB may be rendered, wert 
favorable ; »»Xit or ;^^fi#r« to be supplied. 

19. jme} x«Ta x^ftif iWiutt, (r« rr^rtv/f understood), and 
that the army should march away in tite same order it preserved 
befjre. 

S2. »u» ityiynra.] See note on line 6 of this page. 

32. Koi BtM^Hv i7if.] Xenophon here seems to give the 168 

direction of the sacrifice to another, fearing lest the soldiers might 
suspect him of deception, from a wish that the army should remain 
at Calpe, and settle there. The verb tr^04u/M4fitu may be rendered, 
to give earnest attention : i7 rt Iv t»6t^ t'lf, if there might be any 
thing JavoraUe in this sacrifice. 

6. »f hytfi^fi U«^Sy*v, promising himself as their leader. 169 

19. r«tfr >Mir9us iv^^as, the men who had escaped the slaughter. 



CHAPTER V. 

20. tuti riif tu^f rw zi^mrsf ^•m^mfutt »mrk t«^ ir^ttTHti ^«- ITO 
tiwrat n»^*tft, having made the e^areme part of the army halt ojiposite 
the first dead which apjHtared. For while the extreme rear of the 
army were burying the dead, the van were prepared to defend them 
frcn the enemy. 

27. rvirtMy»«mf uvrwf, having collected them together in ant 
place. 



900 NOTES. [BookYL 

171 9. f r#r«|«W«/ rn fdXmyy$, to place behmd ike mutm bo«fy. 
13. nit.] That it, »«r« n(y ;)«f. 

IB. rii* ^iv.] Tiiat is, rn* fiU rmj^p, 

1 9. Iwirft^^tf Iptwt^mtt Commanded to Jo!low, 

26. i^i ri liywfMf09.1 Supply f^i^^tt to Ike fnmi Ime. 

S9. Ifi ^v^ns •y* &itt9 *in, i* »«^«r» literally, tkat U was 

net wortk white to consider wketker tkie ravine tkatdd be passed .* 
meaning that it was undcul>Cedly inexpedient to past it. 

93. ytX»u€f9. ] This refers rather to nititnttt than to /iS, and may 
bamndlered unnecessary, 

S3. }<^«f uf Mtifumrmt tkat gfory wkkk is eo ns eq me mi 

upon bracery. This short atldresi of Xenophon to his solJiera is 
roost energetic and eloquent, and is equally worthy of bim as an 
orator and a general. 

172 '^' **^*^ ««A>y ttztf becomes no hmorable man. 

10. Km) rtirtvf} The order is, K«) JIT •« ««)^ ^/tt7r IXc'i^gn 
ewJrMVf W«Mr«ff fdv i/t£f (gen. abs.), )i^«W«M iftrng. 

19. r« wtiist,] This refers to the plain they had already pass- 
ed, which could not be repassed if the enemy's hone were not 
conquered. 

8S. wM'o ri tdiwt i lUvrt ; wkai a gulf is tke Euxine sea f com- 
pared to which this is nothing. 

33. 4 >< &4i/«if^Mfr«, than if they fled off, 

174 8* Miv'r-} The horse of the enemy, knowing well the gromid, 
and taking advantage of the night, fled to this valley ) which tfaer 
would not otherwise have done, as the place was much more difficnlt 
for eaTaby than infantry. 



CHAPTER VI. 

S6. Kanfiiywf came into harbouTt rk wktHm tig «^ Xtfiim OB- 

derstood. 
175 1. Kif r#yTy.] Supply Xi'^f' Ki»' ^^^ *«^ *»• 

13. itpm^ureut takes him away, that is, takes from Dexippus tlw 
man whom he was carrying to Oleander. 

16. rM tr^«)«riff.] The article has great force here^ as if tli^ 



Chaf. VI.] NOTES. 801 

had said, the noted trcator^ the one who secretly sailed away with the 175 

fifly-oar gilley. 

S3. Ktfj vfittf /»f ] The sense is, And you shall not de- 176 

Uper me vp, Inmnd, to Cleander, 

S. rti^tieti Ti, atid tnay you return tafe. 177 

19. xiXivr«f.] Tills, as well as £^«X«/«i»«f, agrees with lytt, 
S9. T«tfr«v tZv Tfy^n Strm AfukifAnv, such therefifre is the ehatm 

Oder of the fMinw from vtliom / rescued Ike man / k^uXi/uvt gor* 

cming two accusatives. 

SO. £< )> rv nytt. But ^ you had been carrying him away. 

This is a very artful and happy compliment to Cleander. 

9. u *m •tUy although you think, " 178 

16. rM9VTtf.] Geander appears to judg^ rather hastily of the 

man's character, taking his own statement in hia own caae. witliout , 

proof. 

3. viT/Mffi.] This is the Doric form of the infinitive, for i^immu 179 

4. /MB rit Smw.] luH was the old Doric for 0««f. 2m«, being 
in the dual number, means, ttie two diptnities : ftk rm 2m*, 6^ the tw0 
dimmtlet^ meaning Castor and Pollux } which form of sweahng was 
prevalent among the Lacedaemonians. 

S3. 2««/i/«itM, having expjscd Jinr sale 



BOOK SEVENTH. 



CHAPTER I. 

180 ^^* ^" ^**'* ^^ ovghi to be done, 

181 ^S' ^^ f^l See note, page 98, line 26* 
S4. 'O r.'> That is, *0 V 'Afmi:»4H* 

27. Irt uvrit avri* mtTi^Letrmi, that he tbould atirSnUe tie Uame 
to Idmadf. There seems to t« a designed ambiguity in the expres- 
sion, which Anaxibius would wish to hare the soldiers interpret, <— 
if ym do not receive the promised pay, blame younelveSt not me, 

28. Aflnv, entirely, whtMy. 

jgO 3* K»viV»««*] Zeunius thinks that tliis was a Lacedaemonian^ who 
was carrying on a war with the Thracians. 

28. (|*>.] The sententious brevity of this sentence is ailmic»- 
ble, and seems to correspond with the hurry of the moment which it 
describes. Some copies read Uuv after f^«. 

28. »atuXK4t rat Tftn^ml See Antiq. Pkrt. 9. Chap. 1. 
183 6. 'AXX* i7.] By ordering the soldiers to sund to their amia» it 
was his design to overawe any who might be straggling through the 
city, in quest of plunder. 
11. its i»Tii, eight deep, 
IS4 ^* ttt^nftUmf,, remaining in quiet expectation^ 

32. w'T^mmyiZ^, ambiiious to be a generaL 
135 1* ^^ra. That portion of Thrace which extends froni Byzm. 
tium to Salmydessus, is called the Delia, from its vriangular shape. 
See Map. 
186 s. 'Erf} )) wtfXXi?* ifiiu MvrSf, literally, but when there VMnied 
many to him, that is, ** when he needed many more provisioni^ is 
order to distribute even one day's allowanoe to each soldier.** 



CiUF. III.] NOTES. SOS 

CHAPTER II. 

11. 2tu^ii».] Seuthes was king of Thrace. See page ISO, IQQ 
line 19. 

18. a<rMifttf^i, disposing of, selling. 

26. if»9 4u iraftin n^n us 'EkXntT»¥T09, thai he vfotdd instantltf be 
m t/ie HeUeftitont ; that lie was that instant about to be in i thai 
he was all but in. To supply the ellipsis and translate it literally» 
that he was now as Jar as hb coujld be p&zsent and not be 
present, 

12. Ui^iv^tfy.] Perinthus was a city of Thrace, near Byzantium, jgy 
23. Mf Tt •*».] Mf is used in the sense of ready; as, •*•$ 

Uftt uvX^ irar^ti^t xtiUvnwif • — hble ; «iit rt Xiyuv, able to 
sj)eaki in the neuter, posable g «7«y ri Imr, it is iin- 
possible. 

28. \^nfjfts,'\ That is, which were not attended by any guards, 188 

33, "Ifit irj/F, come now : it^^ynreth imperative, and addressed to lo9 
MnWaBiff, who reports to Sii^q; Xenophon*s answer. 

6. Oim. t^nrict »Tov r' tTm/, you said that what I proposed could 190 
not be effected. 

25. xoi Ixet^t^ifi^v Wii(p^ttff as I was sitting an the same seat 
with him at table. The Hiracians used to sit at table, and not re- 
dine after the manner of the Greeks. The word Ixtrfif is very ex- 
pressive of his destitute situation, being generally applied to those 
persons who were obliged to leave their native country for some 
inisfor*une or crime, and went to a foreign power as supjiliants for 
protection. 



CHAPTER III. 

1 9. TJiv ft\9 9r^0t *A(ifr»(x** ^'* 'Src/, not to go to Aristarchus ; 191 
liteially, to neglect or let alone the nmy to Aristarchus. 

S. t«Dt« UuXiv9tvh.'\ That is, whether you will obey Aristar- 192 
chus, or go to Seuthes. 

23. llinwitu ] From Itvtit. 



90i K0TB8. [Book TIL 

193 90, rk wtfu(ifU9m, wkai ii emtlomary g that ii, double to tk« A^ 
X»y*H quadruple to the wT^mmyM, 

ld3 S. fUL^Ttmn^ to tearck out, dbcover, 

IS. tffuftm,] See note, page 46, line 83. 

194 ^^* f«W* )«^t OA ettormous eater, 

97. dm ;i;«ifti».] This ele^nt phme maj be trinshted, dSi/ iMf 
Htemd to. So JEschinef lii#«^iv x«^^ fmoot^^ctnititf, we uaV 

87. r^tx»mm9*.1 The roradty of this mail is Indeed appareot 
from this word; since one x«M ^"^^ ^ common day's allovance. 

195 ^^* '»y««>ir»»W«r«.] It was a custom among the Thracians 
fsr those who, at a feast, had drunk sufficient themselves, to pour out 
the rest from the cup upon those they had pliedged in drinking. Xen- 
ophoB, probably, is particular to observe this custom, in honor of hit 
hoety who afterwards pours out fur m^tS, with him 



CHAPTER IV. 

1^ 1. fyifui, ahmef without a leader and apart from the reit of the 

troops. 

IS. Jm riXr«MWi, u^t they would tuffer : see itJiex»^ 

84. Ci'H'*] 1^>c ^^^ loose garments extending nearly to the 

feet They may be translated cauock$, or trowten. It is probable 

that they were drawn over the inner clothing, as an additional defence 

from the cold. 

S5. rZt «/;^^X4$rivf.] For rtukt rSf mtXftmXtirtM. 

199 86. U rut dff S<t among thou Thracians who are cnUed 

the mountain Thradam. 

200 ^^* •* ^ ^^t rxvrcAMf fiS«XX«v, othert attacked them with dubt, 
IS. f^r««.] The captured Thynians seem to be understood. 

19. irHf UrmtutiltMM. Schneider observes that Xenophon 

seems to have remarked on the age of the youth, because the strength 
of a full grown man would appear to be requisite for blowing the 
trumpet. 

201 9* ^i/»^0 See note, page 199, line 86. 

10. r;<xX«r/«».] That is, three times the number he had when 
the Greeks first came to his assistance^ 



Chaf. VIIJ NOTES. 90S 

CHAPTER V. 

26. In iw, stitt farther up, that is, at a greater distance from 202 
the sea. 

28. niiit tlrT§f, j{, quite as wdl as : ^fug refers to 

the generals, whom Heradides bad summoned to Seuthes. 

12. UikXty^i mm Uxiwvwh strike ujxm the rocks and are ^3 
wrecked. 



CHAPTER VI. 

14. Mtktvu 9'mfdyuf, ordered that they should be brought «!» 204 

that is, the Lacedsmonian ambassadors. 

17. Iv) Ifif'] T^flrv-i^y understood, to an hospitabU banquet, 

15. vk v^iri^A i;^«vr« wa^k Si 1^0 v Tf;^y«^uv, that I, having your 206 
pay which I have received from Seuthes, am artfully deceiving you* 

21. n/MvJ] That is, to Xenophon and Seuthes. 

21. lit ir^rrnrc ttbrit rk ;^(nfuirUf if you exact the money 
from him, 

25, wtXXw 2u9 '^X**** ^ ^ i*^ J**^ from having* 

27. rvfirruMf.] Not^raicn up together, but r^ularly organixed 207 
and equipped, 

29. tf»rim*vt.3 These words are sometimes separated, Itrtm •2'i> 

4. »«4 Iv rif fti^u *ti) «*«(« r§ fti^^St both in his official station and oqq 
out of his official station, as an officer and as a man. 

14. Ov /miv.] That is, Oo /ih »tti^if liixu vfuf tsMu, s. r* X. 



CHAPTER VII. 

15. ^Tt.] This is a form of the pluperfect mid. for furu 0{\ 

S2. T0UTMt i^tr^l^pat, to submit the question to these people, 212 
2. tu» 7^n, said that he wtuM not, that is, ** that he would not 213 
leave it to the decision of the people in whose country they were." 
S4. etf^^t^ut, to produce r^ormatian in as^ one, 
26* 



•06 NOTES. mooxVU. 

214 SS. »Umf9 mw^tuTMi, m the Jhst pkiee, therefire, the 

conifidewee of men, wMeh has procured for you your tingiiam, is 
bartered away by you Jirr this sum of maney^ that is, for this ■am 
which you owe ui, and have refused to pay. 

215 ^^* <i **^* 'm«v«'«* ir^«)«f> your annual income, 
215 ^' * ^f*] Governed by tx^n two tines below. 

S4« TMtS^n wttfeoi, to make me in as high standing. 
217 15. *A^' «^s.] The sense^ of this passage is, Snce indeed. My 
diuation is dangerous, would it not be better that /, by going away, 
should. get dear of the stones with uMch I am threatened 9 

27. XM^MftwmXat, persons who seU, in smatt parcels, plunder 
which they obtain in great quantities* 

1 9. •& ydf wt» ^nft cvr^ Iv-ifxr*, Jbr the 9oie was not yet pasted 
mpam Aim. See the Life of Xenopbon. 



CHAPTER VIII 

218 S. rk fvMrMM, the dreamt, which vii prbbaUy tfat veD-kaoim 
name of the picture. 

8. AvxiiV*] The Lyceum. 

14. ; Zftvf i MuA/^4«f, Milichian • Jujnier, or Jupiier the 
Placable, This was the name by which Jupiter was addressed when 
aacrifices were oflered to him after the completion of any great un- 
dertaking, that he might loolc with placability upon any faults that 
bad been committed, or any duties neglected. 

15. iX0tuufrtTf.2 To offer an holocaust, was to lay the whole viis 
tim upon the altar, to be burnt. 

220 ^^* 'A>«rmf.] whose bravery is recorded in Boole IV. Chap. 7, 
and Book V. Chap. S, and who had fought unharmed till the pres- 
ent occasion. 



Vv 



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