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Full text of "يهود ليبيا - مصطفى امحمد الشعباني"

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i j g : 1 1 ilj_*j i_lu JLaJ ti-^-Lo^Jl o^j^gJl JJl^-j^j C-lft — * iLj-^^JI oi-Aj i*1951 *le- 

^^-l^Jl jJlp iLj ^Pj-fri (1404400) j^J *1951 *Lp jjla-Ji ^jl Jy ^-o^i. J I 

LjjjjI /^ l_yJLS" ^^.y-l g ft II (»-la-><_« jL c » ...~\j i (_gij_^j i a_J 1 (687)L$J">Li- ^ j g . 1 1 

j^Jl iJs- t-\Z\j~*\ i1j«j» <jhS' J ^JlZjZi jUjjJ jJij l?*i/l JU-ij i L->l_j liJ^JLlI 

Lyjj^ ,>• yrU- ^ < 329 ) .p*^ f 1951 f 1 * J^J f 1948 f u -^ 'j^tLa Crt^ 
\£,ja\ L.1 iLiyl JU-i ^* yr-1^. ^AJ! (93)j L-T y y>-l^ <JJ\ (237)j ;jyJl 
{j*j t. <Jj ; j ,,/a 1 1 iSjj>J I c~« IS JlS j t Ij^j-fi (4750) y^~> cjjJJ <LLu> <L~J c~*-L -Lai 
j , ; la ... U jj>J 5j^_jJl J J r-jL>Jl J ^ r: .». ; .2..<J 1 j j $ ■ 1 1 f-VjJk ("-*- 1 -! "J-c^j— 'i" L*J-«lj 

ijjjJl j">Ul J /y-.a. JU J I kiilljl <L^L>- Jj^Jl (>><j (*-jl_rr *-9-*-frH !•*-* chr**" Jcr-" J 
oL.^1 dJJi . 3 : j^j»J Ljj, : ,^,/?1l 0(l> ol Jl jljii— lj oL«l J Uj-t^M L?-^ t>i^' 
Ja_w> c^J lj^!a-^l (H-^J ''.r^' tf* 'Jj-r'Vi ^J-S-r" <^>* jj^. (Jj jlj-ai— Mlj 

C~*ilSlj I l**ljj (jL—jVl Jj iaJbit^Jl i^-pjlj n_ t A^Jl i^JL-lj <Ljj.fr .,3 II ijLc-jJl 

J JL* j«j c-Jl£ i*Lc- iwiJVl La_»^ jjLaxij AjJj^j >jjI*_»jl>^< /r—— •> /"-^H ic* a-J j ■ g ■,<■» 1 1 
ii~alj^3lj ti-jjjj>JL Ciw> J-i-^- /X-Slj U_»jI Ji 1 £ " 1 2 i j i^j^JI 1 g la^-j^a «_« **>L- 

e-L»-A<l xJLiJlj LiJ I cjLL»jo OjLi>-l Jij ^vJlvs jI i J>ji\ > j L=»*_v^ I oL>o t ^j^, .,^i •. «J lj 

j!>ls^- A^is-*>L« l "S^J L»j ij>o Jl JaL-j (. LL ( JlP j— jJl ( ^>-ljj>- : It* AJl^>-j ijj^Ja— il 

/)-*—! I j (jl -xJl iJL>- ^i Lo^ 1 1 ^ 1 <> ^L ijjj^j cjLcLo^- ojj»-» cjJ-^_Jtp L^Jl oj^iJI oJla 
LJj j>*Jlj JlyJl cy iji_^Jl oUU>Jl iljLt! cJL^ a1 948 *Lp JsIj! ^ 4 LJ_j 
: Jl *1953 *U U^I-Lp! c..,ni~\ jJj 4 LUl 30 t LUT 50 cUJl 120 : Jl^l J^ 
Jl Oj^^-L^Jl ij^-Jl JUj tU_Jj 1> »_JI ^ J5" J j^iJl ijljjJl J o^/T 5 

iLobtJIj ii;— Uil L-J-j-ftJ I cJj^laJlj tilLkJl ^y» "^.y^^ ^">LJl ^^fri <*£>[>- j ^Ja— JlS 

aJuoIj^j Jj^Jl ^ j~^l *U^aI ^* JiS U-« ijj-jjjJl JJ4JI (.-aJui' Lj— jL« !_fi\ i~-Jl 
>*J "i>^-*^ a^y" Jj- 1 ^ <-(_$>=*-^ Jj J Ji Sj^^-gJl j\ fUJl L.I ^J-XL. iS^^-gJl 

{j* JjVl >- a . /7 . ' .. H J^\j>- j-^La J* J_^Jl «j^A Ji" V_fcf-^' <jlu*-l (j^Sj c5j-^ a -' t5 J _>4i 

48 



^*>L-}M j^UJl c*; SfU J^J\ ijh jJl jtf) y .iL JiJ Jlki^Jl ^jjJl J^j 

^i <j!» djlSCJl ii*j^JJl tiL-i!l tijij^Jl i!L~Jl i-uL? Js l _y^J'-* j^ii J j^iJ 
J-Jl^r-1 f-c^l j-j o^LJl ^ JjL; yki UUaJl ^SMj ^Jlj /*Vl Jl» :<iyu, yS\ 

<— '^ JL»J i;Pl»j>Jl i_JyJl ij-jJl •>*«-* '^ (^ *JI 7V = ^V' )I • Jj-«j l5>=-' »j^* ,_j*j 

,y oi^Jl oLU^Jl ljJ>o ^ ^ JS" 0^JLsl^->l *U*_>JI fOii-l 1^1948 fU 
JSLIj ( ^- i JL5'l J -Jl i_^J! ^ _^JL£Jl ^Jl ^y^ Jl>_ Vj 4^>. U j^J i^j^Jl uIjJlJI 

4-LJ.^ *^J Ij^jULi COJ^L j^AjJL^j (t-fiV Jj ^^ 4^*-* ^j i*' 0^ f-fc^i Ijj-^^*^ 

((Jj^avJl l^ojij s^p-^L -jkjJLpj (V-JJ^ 

1p *_Ul jyiJl SjlgJ ,_,» ^.h...U ^j !>*Jl Sj4i tj>' IJ^aj i l^lie- _ / : ....,a.:. U ILLS ^J> LgJ \ 
jj^jL^iL^- itL^-j 1_jJ LS" »-$J )/ \jj\ .i^t-lJl 4^L L»^ ,»^I> tJ ./ ? * ^y jli" UJi IJL* jl l y : s- ^ 

llji; ^1 J jjA*Zi ^Ul jj^Jl J^ olS" 1948 j.U ^j 4 l^i \jL*J ^[AvjZs Ji\ 
4 4^*li Ji iJWl J^lj— I i^U^. j! j»j»_jJa»- Ujip j»j»_^c-Jbi- JiJ : ^ . St. l i ^J\ \y>- \Aj& M 



.35 ^y> 4 1970 iCjjjz 4 jLgjJl jIj 4 4_j_r«Jl jljJJl ^ji j^jJI '■iSjy'- *— 'j^m (1) 

4<Li jJI oL<<ljJJl_j kij_j>«JI il^« tJ-jl^-«.J »Lii ^L-l Aj^ajJl 4^^- ?JI l _ f ^y (J*"-"! ■■' (2) 

.1 ^ 4 1972 ^jL. 41JUI iJuJl 4ioyJI JjjJl iul> 

.257 ^ 4j;LJl jJiv^Jl i^U j%l (3) 

33 ^y> 4JjLJI jJLaJI (4) 

.35 _ 34 ^y, 4J.LJI jJ-aJI (5) 

49 



y* Lb y>Ui J\ y^jjjVl j.*JI o- ^Sll oil. 5^* j!» _ : 0,1 J^_, 
-„•> ''» y* ^JVVI oL* a>. C-J ^Jl J-Sl^-1 *Jja *-l»b 'c* 1 ^ 1 O^ 1 *i^ 
^ cJlS" jJl» Ajij^Jl i!l~Jl» cJi^jI Ji iL-T. LLy! j^ y* kJ^S/l oil* Sj>«aj 
^JUI ( _ 5 ->,„Ull ^j*S\ ^^li\ sL-U c-Ji ^ U^Uj! t^L.! JSLi, irfjjjl y~»Jl o^S 

«A,."., ; la,...UM < ; ,.^a2,1 1 OJlij io^Jl oJLa ^j Ailx* y* f-yjl 

ou^Jl jl» - :oJL»-i*Jl oUM^I Jl yrU ^ly^ ^a.** y*_> .Lib j^jj J^j 

. <2) «i_^Jl JU» «-£j^l) 'oyJl dl^-Jl jiji^-V iJjU— ^ _ y.»l.-.<Jl y> Ijy-U V 

JlyJl Sjili* Jl p-fr**-^ iy>AJl y* *Jl>- ji^-_> S-*^ 1 ^l t - i - i *i tJ -*i U^*i ^ijW^ 
JlyJl oL*U-L>- j~S ,jjjji^- Uj— L- *1>-L>JI y>_^i>Jl li_* ^ dj*ij j At . A* y>J 
jlyk-l J*-l y *^JL-Vl oJLa lywij y.JJl (»-* y^f^Jl jl ^J>\ji\ y *JI - : iit-ijT 

. (3) (( vy Jl jlSLJlj olUJl 

Jl Uj^U y.JUl ij^Jl y jlyJl J \yu_ y.Ul y^y-ll ^>j*Jl ^ JU| 

. <4> ijbVl Jl ^U^ oil _ : <> ..V....li 

j^J_^* y gJyjL-I A-i^jJ^ iL»w> y ^^^,-i ^*JJ y^-^ 1 J- 1 ^ 1 V^J 

_ : Lfj i^fJl £U»_>t i-lj^j '*cyJ' Jj^Jl y i-^«J ^jUj y>y* y »1969 /8 / »_^ 
. . . i^i>wt yyjy r^J v^.,^,.^11 i£y>Jl »Li y a-k.jli..iI L>j iij*LJJ frlJbJl ol» 
5ljL_JI *ap _ji y_»JI <Jj»; jj If i Lf . . ■ t y , y^ 1 Jiy^ 1 ^y" (^ ^ri^ 1 SjUa^JU 

jjyJl j!A>- ijfcJl -W» <^Jjjl ,y' A* y-~ « J I oLIpJJI O^ikJl U-U*j . . .i-j_jjiJ|JI ^yj 
l£y>A\ y* IJb>- Uj^«-;j 0_j^j-p ii^-LJl p-fl_JLp ^ ^ J^JUJl ij-^j . . ■ jL.S/1 



.14 ^ iJiLJl jJLvaJl (1) 

1969 io Jjri tij-LJiiJl OU^^Iy^y 4 *l^Jl ykJi JJ ij^l Bj >^]| iJi*- ^-Ul (2) 

.107 ^ 

.108 ^ ijiUl j.1,,^.,11 (3) 

.10 ^ ijiUl jJL^Jl (4) 

50 



^J <pLw ( ^SUj i^JJl J5LiJL ija^Jl JU* ll-U li^ ^— j N <c£Jj <. J^Lr"l -W> 






^ -u kjJuJ LL. j^I oL-Vl ^ ^^ j-aJL o^jcujl. \y\S ojlo jj^j <jl» - : ( _ r ^>Ul 

ULj 4*1967 <_. >y- ^ UjUalJl i-jIapI ,_,* y±y m _ r g-i ^ Kj-Sl^U OjJ-^jI Jlj 

tf^Jd 4,„i.i-.:ti ijb>lj iJLsl^->l i.^£»Jl ^ -uf^Jl iiyJUJl ^UJI *UJl» au-*\ 
els' y tLfJ^c— j ^JJl j« j£s\i Siljl ipL- l^Jl !<pLJI »Jl* i*Ji* ^* ^ i^j^JI 

« . . .^-L^Jli f^O" <u-« 4JJI 



.41 ^ * 1971 

.46 ,_y> tjjUl jJu^Jl 1(/ .dl ^ ^U (2) 

.47 ^ t j,LJl jJ_aJI (3) 

iOj^ t ;.,; : li,..UII JjUuSII / r t 1967 jIjOp j~ ^^Jl S^r^l ^>^ 't/-^ jr-^' ( 4 > 

•14 ^ 

51 



i_^Jl S^jk <-ij^ i-ljjJ U) ^jJ^- cJ— j! ^1 «>jL' ilj_^» ii^w J^i'j 

J\ jy* cs ^y^i ^.U-^ 1 **-*Ji ^ ^ ^ Jj t1956 ^ W1 ^ ^ J 
cJlSj . . . . U> ^^>j^\ %jj>-j J-S^y J ^4^- 1 o^ ot .by dLJ ^t }L f-«4* 

_ J»L Jl» JJ4JI Jj^lfrJl «£L«J 'L^- Li^i-ls- Uaa^ A~Zj L. C^UI 4J_*r*-" *ij-" i-Ja^i 

jl» _ i^y^ ^^ fcUxJl ^i^jJl c-Jl^Jl J*. r ' "1957^1 &jX 21 ^1^ 
i*iU_, SJLi. ^L* 3_^JI Ol U»tj i> cr^-^. «^>»JI ;£L~Jl» ,_^ly> <>j£^ ^J>iy 

OtrrW 1 ^-i cM Cr* <> ujl r^ 1 cr* Vj^-^ 11 **Ji-JI «Kadima UoU»j 
^ L^ iSo* ol .H957 JjSlI ^.^- JS\ja - -Wl^JU C-j U>- ^U- 

ju, 4 ^Lj- dUS Jl U*Ua=-l U IS! I4JI Si^JI ^ i^fJI SiliJI iSy. US' o_^y. 
. <2> «J-5l J — 1 ^ ^j^l ,^>JI ^ ^ ^^i^Jl ^*JI ^ IjJIp o! 

.i\p-jj\ «JLA JMs^ *rfyJl Jj-^ 1 ,>" ^W ".r^ 1 



.3 ^ c 1968 /l /15 ii-JJl JbM^I ;ju^- (1) 
.31 ^ t 1980 i^lj ^LkiJ Jv?Jl jb 1^ ii^ **>-> '(**"t Ji 'pA* VrJJ (2) 

52 



(4) ^j JjO^Jt 
(1) 1948 J\ 1919 ja jJxJU J\ ji^-l^JLJ JLUVl jUJUl 



4j_jL«Jl i. Jl 


}A*]\ 


j^MudJi 


9,5 


40,116 


L-T 


1,9 


7,995 


Ji^Ji 


3,4 


14,566 


Cr*^ 


1,9 


8,277 


\£j 


0,8 


3,539 


iUl 


1,5 


6,399 


,_S^I jljJu 


0,9 


4,033 


ll/\ 


0,2 


994 


Liijil JL-i 


0,2 


873 


LJ 


0,5 


2,166 


&j>-\ ul-Ub 


87,8 


377,487 


lyjjt 


39,7 


170,127 


Ijd^ 


9,6 


41,105 


UUjj 


1,6 


7,057 


LjUJb 


2,4 


10,342 


y^Jl 


3,8 


16,794 


lo 13 oJLa^ *j> ■ ■ ■■ > 


12,2 


(2) 52,350 


( _ 5 ^jj— Jl iUoNl 


12,3 


52,951 


uul 


6,2 


26,761 


lS^-I jl.iL 


1,8 


7,579 


<L~»_jJ li Ml J l^jyl 


1,5 


6,635 


SJb>«xJI ol^l 


_ 


22,283 


5^iji« ^c- ObLj 


100 


452,158 


f-J^J>t*JI 



1948 j,L. 15 Jl (1) 
jJaJJl j*i jljJu J^i; (2) 
(Statistical Abstract of Israel , 1957 - 195, ptj 60) Sitton,S,op. cit, p. 123. : j-l^JI 

53 



(3) pij JjJ^r 
(1951 _ 1948) 



1951 


1950 


1949 


(1) 1948 


*U- jS\ jlJdJl 










LJ 


1,198 


2,439 


26,295 


4,362 


\£j 


89,088 


32,453 


1,709 


15 


JlyJl 


9,444 


10,519 


1,778 


43 


JU! 


698 


8,650 


35,422 


270 


^ 


2,899 


3,699 


6,351 


46 


<jj+\ jIaJu 


103,327 


57,760 


71,555 


4,736 


fj*a>i»JI 










Liyl 


2,086 


7,187 


7,145 


189 


S** 


6,570 


8,956 


14,352 


1,064 


LJ 


3,469 


4,792 


_ 


- 


Lr>y 


269 


457 


17,354 


6,821 


s^ 


7,631 


4,213 


- 


- 


jslj* 


43 


179 


- 


- 


LiJI i-Jj^>- 


56 


_ 


307 


179 


4jA jioL 


20,124 


25,784 


39,158 


8,253 


f-y^S^»j\ 



j~- i^ 31 Jl >>15 ,>- (1) 
48^ t j,UI jJU^JI 4t >;l»~li Jl <*>W W 11 '^^' J -> jJI ^^ :j-U*JI 
^ J4 LJI ((^Wl >i-JI :^-ii </ ^j-4-JI ^U^-MI jU-s-ND) -^ ^ J^ (•) 



54 




t i\m - \\: 



) y^l 0- ••■^r.'i :^ll I r ) J-O 




JtV-^^ 1 (0 J^ 



55 



*jflj*l dbej 2UjjjJI JjdJl Jialj-4 



~. J^-UJI ,> 5JIJL-J1 ^jjj ^.LJI oJ j^Jl ^ oj>y Jl^ i-jyJl iikuJl cJy> 

j! ly^ h\ J\ jJ~± L. ioyJl JjJJI _^JLo ^ j^i~o J\ J ±>-y„ Nj <.jUtj ^ii\jiai\ 

IjJl^j .^ I^_£ ISap iuy«Jl atAJl ^y^j ti^U^rVlj *JUi3lj a^aJ! p-^^j p-p.-^ 1 
^.U^Jlj i^jjJiJl oli^lj ^UJI ^JU-JI ^ ^UlpIj liJjxM ^ LU ^_Jl^. J\ 

*-£j>j ly-^ >-i-ji i^JCil f_^U ^> t(5jUa3 i_iJjijl JliJl J^— ^ p-fr^ i^Ul 

j Lr ^^ i tujjj,] i^y^J\ J> j^\y~> j_^jJI <.y*j> J> iSjUal ^-r. ^ 'bj^ 1 ^ 
^Lj j^I y *L^\ ii*AJ lf> ^'lUl <S>^\ ^J^. p-^ U5 t^Jy ^ qjjL -ujjjl 

Ujc^j i^jf ^1 oIm:->JI uL> JU *ly)Mj 'ivUJl j^^j-JUx* ^J ajIp^JI »1* 
^ij t( _ s ;_ >c ^aJl JsLiJl ^ ^jLlJJ p-AA^>- JSL I^jj" ijJUJl ij— ; o^ill ^Lj olx 

. ^.ia U ( _ 5 )lp «^*>Ll-^I I^MjU^. ,_,» AJ j , : f./ »l l iS'j^Jl j_^f=r 

ILj>^> J— Ij^J <i J>S\ i/»1969 ^-jU ^f-i ^ ^^Ul X* JU^- ^^ c1>jX>- ^j 
Jl_^ j^a ^ jl» _ : *j *L»- p 1 969 /3 /3 ^ f ly^S/l ii-^w ^V^J 'i^- 15 ^J^.^ 
. J-Slj-I £. o*>L^ ^j ijjJ^;^ ^Sf jj^i^. iiU Lly j^-* ci^_Hd «-*Ml i— ^> 
j^ ^*>UI SjjUw OjJb^ ^JJI jlj <. 1 967 ^yjy} o\yy- y ^UJl ^>j>- ^ \y\2ic\ Sij 
Oyl-ju o^Ulj li^Ul SjiU^. oil JLp l^ivi^ Oj^ iiLiAj . LgJjiUw Oj. . ... U: ..,i i_^l 



. (1) «l 



.26 y> t 1970 io w c^iJJ jl^JI jb i^yJl OlJliJl ,> a^fcll 'lSj^- 'r'^'i ^) 

56 



»jj { _^jjA y i\ Ja^I 0_jjjiiJl iSL-i .CjJLJj tj»4_J>ljl Jl Vj^' t>° ■ 5 '- Ui ' 5i ^* "J^Lr"! 11 
^Jl iUJl j* p*J\ Jj> j^> J Oj^uj i^Jl JiU JtfL . .»_ :Jli fl 969/4/22 
J (j-j^-J ul dJLSU-. . . . ii— j>- iL« !_>«-• j j g . ! I J^«L«J ^ LjI J . . . LJJUi> c~oAj^— I 
IjiLp ., $ : O j . liiiljj i">LJl SjiLi^ ■, $ -,h *-> iwJii> JUL! . j j g . 1 1 (_5jj d)l j <• LgJLS' i">LJl 
j^JLJ Jl_p- <-*j4i J-* L*a_i -LaJ i La e-LiJl Oj-Ij^j *4jI I^JLij ti^Ul ojiU» \j*Jl£jj 
. iMJl J {j* y\ ^IjjJ l ^~^ r ~*j i ^ r Ji— • J* UAjI Ljy k-j^^l Jj«j [^SSj c Lj_^j 

dUJJj . sj^j ihs^ji ^y-^-ij^i j ^^ oMi i*^— j-o ^i yu- jjJuiaj j_yji^ r ^ij 

L£ Jl2j . . . Ojji JL^« La j «JLjij /_ji>t~~oj /j~»_Lw» /^a i_j jj«J I j Jj-fJ ' <Ji J>* ' ^ ' -^-dJ ' 
JlP (ji-JiJ LS" JuJj i^a* J La jJj LS ~*_y°j t^LJl J-v^^l J} lj*-^ ^.rtc^'j ^' '_?-— ' 

. (1> «?a_rtJl « C^. ^yJl oj~>-~Jlj JjJl-JI jLj-j M ill liLii t JL- (> _^i 
*l~-jjj 5jU Jl £IjJ Ljya^JLtJl ^j^Jl 4«k-.« c^rj *»1973 *U Ja_^lj! Jj 

j^Ai">L; ljj.il* JJ-Ul c-ijjJl ^ j 3 ■ 1 1 J} <jf-j^ «-IJ-> jlJLs^J ,, g : Lp fji^J li-jjjJl JjJlH 

C L^JL ( _ r ^i Ijly (.197 /4/17 ^L, ^1 jj^'\ US lU-^Sfl ^^j! Jl Sj_^JJ 
~JLtf 4JJI J-* Jlp ( __ r - ; j jr ll Jilj (r^iji^ 5iLS" i— jU^j tjj-^Jl Jl oijjJL ,j-»-Jl Jj-frJ 

<ui j^a-iJI l ^ r »Jl ij^J ^ IAj-I jl Jaj N <Jl» - : "5\jL3 i-— Jj-flJl UU ills' jj p^s^L; 

((j^Jalj^Jl j jL_S' <Jl.U; iJji JJ» J_j i-Jla! ^j -cisj J <j^ aJjjUcJ Ijl^o GU- 

ij^yj jj>o 4J1 _ ijjijjji jlji j «-L>-j ojjjjj *yj;$ ■■^h *-fj >^- , jj-f' jri-^' ck?*\j*^\ 

Ojjijujli ijj— , ^ ilj ., i'.\»j JJ SijjJl » 1948 j»Lp Jll* (jljjJl IjS'jJ jirt-i-il ijcc^'j-^' 

ijj»l^jj|j iJijLill (_j«i>Jl J5C J^Jl l-i-* i^->-j-o-i 

d)l» - : <4J fL>- a1 97 5 y,y£\ J ^yLj^v' ?^j j .,^ : ; c-JjJl^JI «-ljjj (_r-^j J J ' L*^" 



.27 1 _ r « ijjl_jl jJUa^Jl '(JjjJ- 1 — 'jJi-M (1) 

.148 ^ tj;LJ! jA^Jl tL ^Ld! JLp ^U (2) 

.148^ t jjLJl jJl^lJI (3) 

.76 ^yj 'l^L« jlai Oj_l _U^^ JljjJl -V (4) 

57 



jjJUtf j^j l; a.jjcJI j! ojjJI ^ 1948 »U -L* t 2 r .. : ;....la,...liJl j_ rc i?-*AJl Jj>o tJI^Vl 
t^l jJLaj jj 0^1 ,y>- <ol ^~>- ,_yi if-j^JUJl (V-fix-i S-XS'j^Jl iJj-l-!l oljl^aJl CjIjJLp 
^y <^>y<-!l i^AJl ij-^ ij>- ^yry. ^M'^r"! cS^* *i' jj*i ' ^-r*-^ j' ^'^-^ Jj- 5 j'y 

. ^L^L^I jl t-lAitl (_gl ^Jl tiu Lavas' 



58 






l$J^ cJ^l-1 ^1 ^iS"%>\ Si 1*1- 1 J p-$i>-j ilfri- Iji^ ^1 f-*jLo Jl Sij*Jl J 

*~* J^ Jr '^ 1 o~^ -^ ^^ V^*^ 1 a* 1 »J iL ^ ^~>^ ^j— "J^^i" c-^1 ^ tL fr: 

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. ^\j~-J A-itjjljj <Lj-^Pj <La|jJj 
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01 J^iJ OjJUJl o^U liij ^1 '^Jj-jJl j^UJl Xe>\jii Uij i-ikuJl *-;U->l M 

Ja~J *^ ^j^ V_*^ P^j^ vey ^^ i>°J '^J 3 ^ V^-P 1 ° J L~1! U»U^l A*J 
^ jl «J c Jl^-l» c-plku-l JLS5 iiy)\ O^Uj ^Sl^l ^Sfl ^i~» ja U iSjLJI JlSLil 
y U~L- J->U- ^ t( JbJl ^i i_^l iilXJ alw I*. Jjjtfl JLp JjaJI ^w^twJl 
-UJI ^Ijl SjL'lj 4 ^.^Lp>Ij L-.L-JI o*>U^JIj o^Ujdlj oULkJIj oW^r}M 
^ ti^UJ frU*Jl (^_^Pi c^J *>->Jl llfrJ ^jLx^Jl l - iJ j^ ^"i 6- J^ J - v ' i/*-^ 1 
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25 Ji JL— j ol/Ju (.I960 /l /7 £ejb ij^l^l 1 cJ—jt* u_^JI -bl~j ol — <>j 



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J j JL»i U ^ji i-jjJLi^ ^Uj[ iJL^. i-i-j^-H j-«il a*^*-* f^* ^1 968 *U ^Jj 
si^j t -1967 -U «J-JI^-1» LfrdL^I ^1 ^IjVl ^i c,->^Jl ( >^J^JI £_Ujt 
c . /1 * j JL»j 1.) ^!>L«I i j i I ./i »j < *j_«Jl > -1, v.,*-'-; t ((J-jlj-^^/sijj^jiJl JjjJl oLoLgJl 

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/9 /27 ?^jjbj iJL^Jl »Jl* ,J LajIjJ ;jl».--<JI ^Vl OjJu<»! U-i-^j t-JLJl ij-fj 

. Jjl^l ^JlkJl Jl SjLil it ^ Ui> j\yi\ »Uf t( .1968 

t-jj^^Jl (j^»j J 6il»x*l ^ (_$JUl i^^jjtdl Iji_J JjiojbJl t_Jl_j*Jl a^i J}U- ^»j 

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oj^l^^Vl til*- Mil LJjjJl ^Ij^Sflj -1815 »U LjJ^J^. ^j! jJj . v-.Ji-.j 
L^Jij Ul»j 7w>lj n_jjia*Jl Jp ^jib (^JJl i—jLLJI J^»i oJL>-l jjJl oUij_^c!l /»_^aJ 
^^ «^-~»o t>^T Ij*j aJI i_iUi>l t^jJbr _pu Jl ll>-V JSLiJl Ha (j^y^'j . *JL* UjLc 

il)0^j V^J' <J»-~*J Ij^La iJ!>U <J jl t \'j~£CUa l j^ i J klJU ijjja Ji\ CjLJujjcM «ii 

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«J-Sl^-1» »LLH J-* Vj:»^" oUiiJl o\ Ml i JjJdl O^UJI Jki< J>. Il£* 

aJU oUiyJ ^> Jls JUJ^I v r 'j ^1944 ^~- ^ c> l( ^i^» ^> ■*** 
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nu otiEcr or tk* rro a i<> raocuic a tcuutokt ui-o.v as autonomous 

BAIH rOK TMOCC JtWl WHO CAHNOT Oil WILL HOT KKKAIM IS TMK LAHDd IK 
WHICH »ir AT HSCJI.M U%*. 

REPORT 

OS TH« 

WORK OF THE COMMISSION 

5KXT OCT «T T«C 

JEWISH TKRUITOKlAL tUWAXIZATWN 

LSotm mi ACsnrc* or 

THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF TRIPOLI 
TO EXAMINE THE TERRITORY IWti&D 

r«r the mroi or 

A JEWISH SETTLEMENT IN CYRENAfCA. 



J. \V. GREGORY, J) So., i'.R.S., M.I.M.M., ««>..««, 

rtoruso* or ctoLocr at thi i-X!<c*9crr or t:i--.«iov. 



1T0 OFFJCEH. F.mOS COAMIJKRS, POHTUGA1. HMtEKT. 
I.OSDU.N. JANUARY, IWii. 

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. (1) « r 1946 y J 7 J ( y ^^Jl 

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J l^*lt Vu*l \jL^] a* U^iJi^ jt 1^-ltJL, cJtf lil 3l>Sfl JUit i^j vJUVl 
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^Sll ^J^iJ <ujl_^-Nl oUly»-)/l iUj| ^ Lp. ^^i- ^| jl t l f .j,b^. ^ j\ cLp. 

?U>k j! iJjj^Jl ^ Liu aJjaJI J^J ^SUi tr -Sfl J\ J*j i^aiydl J_^!l r * 
.!! SjSj «Uuftj ^jJtaJ ^ati'in Jl>tu ?<t_inlll <LljjJI ixljjjjxa fc5j ,jji JjJ 

-^ Jl lM ^r^ 1 ^J^ ^Jj— -*^r^ J_j-JaJt tJiLJl JJL^JI ^j-^ J^ ^owaJl ^ 

j I i^-kJl JLoL o_*li LjJL LL^j- L^ j^aL j! JjU^j '(Jij-jJl <-j>lJI <^>m ^Ul 
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183 



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. (1> il^.Nl .Jl* ^j oli- .jj>- J ^J >U-JI .A* Ji- Jl V ol ^I^NI 
^ i^jjjl Jl i3^.Sfl °Ju* *J>.L (*1970 t-J (84) ^j J^UJI jj-^ ^j 

ol Jl &\ « r -^» t^J Jl ((L ' UJI ^Lr" 31 c -*"" J, -^ 1>) t^ J ^ J.^ 1 C^ 1 
._- ,...^ iibL.Sll oIa ul^l .U"" j*i>*^ J.^ f 1 ^ 1 W 31 ^ Ajl J* ^-ri 
o> ^ij> J *l»- JU-i-Jl > ^Jl ,Jl *J ^ U C-J^ 1 c^W f.*^ ^JJ— 

c^J *JU j-* L. J^ il^L.Sllj Jl^Sfl »-L» ^j ►LLL ^-~, L^ oUI^->l .J-» 
<ujj jlLiJj coJy, ^ (J O^^l J^ &- ^ ^> JI J** 1 ^ ^ UJ| ^ l ^ Jl 

<ii j L> ;... : l. jU»i j ^ i*Ji*l J ^^ <JL> '^^ L ^ u o~^r- v^ "■>■> 

- : Ji U Jl ^ f 1 ^ 1 ,Jla ^ ! ^J ^ c^^ J ^^rt^l" J^^ 1 

_ :<U]QJI 

..1957 /3 /30 ^i jiU3l J^I^-1 *-t^" o*^ (62) ^j j^UJl - 1 

J ^jlSlj ^^b .^JLiW ^*J' r^ o^ -IjjJI o- 1 ^ ^ - 2 

.^1957/5/9 ^i j^UJl LJ 

i.uji l-i^ji c^- ^i^-?! ^*i J>^ cr^j j >l ^ (6) r 5 ^ ^ UJ1 - 3 

.(1961/3/21 J ^UJI 
.1962/4/8 ^ ^UJI i-lyJI 



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. r 1969 Ji^l ,y iJUJI jijj Jl OeLsl^-)!! ^^i^ Jl^i Jp 



184 



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t ^Vl o^Ja^* {y> [jbjjj^Jj t LjjLaJ ^1 jj^^/I oil*)/ oj^lJl *JJ ( _y«—J L-~^J LJJLAj 

n_-«L)j 1 1^,-Jjj i_jjUdL»Jl (*-w«bj i 4j«j j-x oljlyi ijLjk c~Jlxi tJUJl *L\jI t_$-L>L Ljj«-^>jj 

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liJJjj jjSoJj i >^i (_§! Lj_s jjj^-bU _-J c 5 -b Jj>- il?-^ JJ jJlJI ii^fj <JUi j^» U J5j 
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_ : ^\yS\j lOljIjiJl oijt «_*l ^o j»j 

^^fcj j^JLl* *1969 /l 1 /13 «_ijLij jiLsdJl Sj^JLlI SaLJ ^^Jb^ jljJ _ 
iS^JH tj-juiJI abji-l jlij ^1970/7 /21 ^b SjjiJl SjLJ ^JLs*. j\J _ 

...ijlvauJ! tJ S *jj>-il ( j^a^as>Jl *~«li *1970 3LJ (153) *ij jjjUJl _ 

iJjJLJI J\ il^Ji\ ^^u i^JL. JiL. (.1970 ii^J (135) ^ij O^LiJI - 



jjJliJl oj^Jl <oLJ ^^Jl^^o jJU^>I J-«i i ( j~]-j| J --)f I ij-g-Jl iJ^L J-Loj L»-i Ul 
jlu~.I t ol5Cb^Jlj Jlj^.S/1 ^^ SjbN ^ x-^j jliu t^.1970/2/7 ^.jLo (14)^ 
jl ^ tiiLJl jJl^iJl JLjLj iJi>J f-L^-j t *1 969 ii~J (6) Jij jjjLiJl ^\ <c»-Lji ^j 
i~»~S ^J\ «2L.I^>JI c-s*; ^Az\jS$\ l yuu Jlj-«t ^'j" *V*-— "' ir° c -'ji^ u^UJl ij^-j 
j*ij jjJLill kUJi JL«j jJLv» U^ «oL^JLu_«Jlj Jl^a Vl ,j^««-j »j'iV fU»J ^-"^j" o-Lj- 1 ^- 
^^u ol^JLu^j Jl^l SjliJ)) ^ (j^-l sjl,jl»- i-«~J c^J (.1970 /7 /21 ^l^ (57) 

«J tdJ^^- 1 " '-'^ (t-^- t_j *jl li j-fr^' ii^UI iJLw*j J^«~; L»^i Ji>-^L IJla i^&j 

185 



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_ : Jb U a^Ull Ioa Jip Jw-^y ^1970/2/7 ^b 

Jl^l £-A>» S,-'— J " i>* lij^r^*^" ^ ^^ ^^— J " i-r 1 ! ^j-^ 1 V»— J " r^ 3 - O 

d\j tol5a-...>Uj JI^Vl ^ ijla)f fUai ^j» Jl ni-l^l C^J j-jLsl^-)!! ji* 

^^o Jl^l ^^JuclJI ^.jlj^l ^I^Jlj (6) f-ij O^LUI J! ot-Li^Jl J> ah- I 

^j tt>cc L^Ml olfOi^j JljJ oJjb; (7) Jl (1) ja o^UJl ^ - (,<J) 

JJLij JLiJl (^1 j^-k. jl li^o £->Ju JljJu^J ^ o^ IfriSLlj j>1961 ii_J (6) ^j 
J (^Jl jUuJl ^ cil>Sll J^\ Jl* 1SI cJL-i-l J- j\ c^U^l J^ j! t LXLJl 
J^J ^111 (.1953 ^Lj Jj! ^ Mjl, (.1967 ^J r _ 5 ^ ^ IjLjlpI dJJij (1) SaLJl 
Jjj- <olj^ *ilj ^ lL-> ll^jJli SfjL-J ^ _^~kil! IIaj 'J^l^r-i i*l>li. Jj^ ^ 
*lJ (6) j^ij j_^UJl J^"" a^p iJLil^* o"il> Jlp <u~kJ JjJli Jl i 111- Ml 4^w> 
cui^l ^j i (((.1967 /6 /5 j^ IjLipI fl^l jt ti-^L. Jji* o"^ _,! ii^. OjJ^o 61 
^LiJl JjliJl ^j ^^J i_H^ i^-Lsl^-l i^. ^ ^'- iJ1 u^ ^^ -J-V 1 ^ 1 ^J^ ^"^ 
^ J,UJ| ^ <^^UI ^IjiJl ^ ^^1 ci^l J^o i^ ^J J^UJI A^ 1 cP 
___IU i>4 JL l^\ J iiLiJl (.1967 (.U ^U*-t .j-L-1 JL* J>fr Jl i3^1 *Jl~- 
^ji ^ ,^JLsl^->l ^W 1 ^ J 1 -^ 1 J^'-r-l ^^ -^ U o- U c> o-^J '^^Ij 

jaUaJI ^Ujftl ^^u ol^JLu-«j Jl^.1 Sjb| jLl (57) (Jj j^Ull . 2 

- :>. L- o^^Jl \i* J* &^%J ,^1970/5/9 ^,b 

.Joit (.1970 JLJ (14) jjij j^UJl Jl CfL: ^ o_^U!l 
186 



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J^aj Jty-di frl.laiNl (_^a-«J L" yfcj i <d^» ll^LkJil _jl ^^ajkji)) jail JjJ^-J it'^^i-jl^— J 
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ii_J (14) ^ij jjJUJl ftS^I *U_!l Jls. o (23) SiUl ^ jjJUJl J^lj _ (r) 
^ ^U^iVl ^^j oli^u_*j Jl_^l 5jlil jljLi SjjUjJI oljljil JLULTj c/. 1970 

. » 1 9 6 9 ^-»i^j j jij-^' 

^iSj, Lfr^aju ^ly ^J i^-Uj-Ot ^ OJLi-.l LJLLl Oljly SJLp OjJU? _ 3 

(.1970/5/10 ^p\sj jiLoJIi fU j-jU ^juj djjjJI cr Jb» fc - jl^S _ (1) 
jJLJl^-)!! ,j^u JIj*1 £**j 0^ f 1961 feJ (6) ^j o^^' J\ ata-'tfl jI*1 
(57) ^Sj j^Ull v^-J^ c*^ 1 1970 *i-J < 14 > (Jj j^^b ti-l^pJ 



.(.1970 fcj 
. 1^ jujl*^ f 1970/5/12 ^jLl, j^UaJl (101) ^ jl^J _ ( v ) 

.(.1970 3iJ (57) ^ j^UJI J\ jtt-l .1^ iSLcJl ol >•?,„, Hj 

f 1970 /6 /4 pjli, ^UJI f U ^> .^-^ *l^l ^JL^. JJ . ( c ) 

.(1970 SU (57) pij j^^l Ji Jto-I 

-^1970 fcj (57) pij j^^l Jl aa-l .^1970/6/13 ^jb jjWI <>*U- 

j^j (J $£ ojLipIj ujLi JLi*j jIjllpVI »JUu (208) *Jj jljill _ (_a) 

.^1970 i-J (57) ^ij o^UJl Ji jus-l .^1970/7/11 ^,b jiUJt 

jA*; Jl^.1 j^ OULJI ^SJu X i fi\y, JUJUJ 0^ (211) *Jj jly - (j) 

^i jui-l c^1970/7/12 ^,Lj jaUJI i-l^l c^*; ^^.^Jl ^UJiSfl 

.^1970 fcJ (57) fj j^UJl 

187 



(1970/7/12 ^hi ^UJt oL»Ua&«-l ^ j*y& jt^ (212) ^i, jly _ (3) 

.^1970 i-J (57) pJj o^UJl Jl jta-l 
jJUo U^Sj J_- (_,JI ^IjiJl <jy*>j>j J£i J* o!j> ^1 ol^liJl Ji~ _ liJtt 
al*t oij (1970 /7 /21 ^L, iJjjJ! Jl ii^l y^, oUI jLiu (84) ^j ojUJI 

_ : Jl isj-LjjJl J alu-Nl (84) pij o_^UJl 
.i-.lj»Jl c-*J .jjJLsl^l ^ Jl^.1 ^^ (1961 t-J (6) jjj u^UJl _ (1) 
(J i^ v oL£Jul^_.j Jlj-t Sjlil jLt^ (1970 4-:.,,. 1 (57) ^j jjJUJl _ (c_j) 

.^U^l 
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lUjj3\ 1)%.! Jl (1961 iuJ (6)^ OjJUJl ^sJLii^.; ^-l^>JJ ^v^^i-UJl ^Lk-iSlI 
i^l I>l=~ ^ 1 JjSfl SaUl J ajl^Jl ^L (6) ^j djUJl Jl SjLi}/! oJlaj 

jJjLjl 4k_«-.L«JI y\iysi\ ii">Ljl (JLto^L-i I Ji* iJliJl SiLjl J jjjUJl JloJ _ 2 

. ^yJl IJ4J J^j jiS"l jl i^J ^^*-*J 

J^>- tliJLji-J tiJjjJl Jip <~»--l oIju— Ji^i J ^^jjcJI f-jj dyVii\ jAj- - 3 

lijljiol jijj tyj'j*' J-^ p ^~! p 'jJ_P' 0~^^° <J~° j'j^i iJ-a»Ij jl J-*- ^~ * Oj-i-f- ^^kj^ 

. IgJjIjJ -XpI Jj t Igjliij iOlJU™!l dJl* jl-W>} ^c^" 

jl^D) ^L ti-^V <^U_-I (607) (84) ^j u^UJL. iii^Jl i^jUJl cuUJL _ 5 
(juisjl ^yill Lg— Aj i*jLill ^j i«(»_jJLl cjj <^-~>- JLJli" (^-"L; j^^^jJj (( j^jL« {•j-^^ 
--^j oLl- (1961 i™J (6) jjj o^UJl Ji* j-J-J-Jl <.(1 970 i-J (57) ^ij j^UJU 

/9 ^jjI^j ^'jjj' 1/-^*^ (j* j^UaJl j'^r*^ Aa'.aJI <— Ij^Jl C^>o j^JLjIj—VI ^^ixj Jlj^l 

tgJl o^ ».:■•-; ji iJ^J^I ^ Oj-«-Ju 4-jjLi! ^ ^JUI ^U.-i'Vl j-a^j_ t (1 957 /5 

188 



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. r 1957 /3 /30 ^.jb ^UJI Jjl^l i^U. jL. (62) ^ o^UJl ^ 

J-SLi^ (.1970/7/26 j,jb (201) ^ Jil^Jlj jlSL-)M y Jj jly j^ _ ULlj 
^J^u ijUl jLl, jjUJI j^jUJl fl&Jtf WUJl (> UiJl y^ljVlj ^UJl JLJ i^J 

ol£iu.Jlj Jlj^Vl ^p ^jjcJI <^»JJ ( _ r ^ J ' J ^^J JjuJl ^jjj j|y jO^. US'. 

.(.1970/10/7 ^jb 4jjjJl J\ cJT^Jl 

VI tiijOjJ SjL_JI Jyis~ j* J^ (r^bll jl <-Jj^ OjJliJl ^ Jt jilJI JJ.J 
»*>Ljl— VI ^IjJl ^ LtjJ _ r pj.\ Vlj ij^mj^JL Uj^-L. jjX. of Sjj^^L ^^L <uf 
U- 4 (^r*^ 11 ol" /** jJUJl J~t .u^. ib-/Vl J^jjj ^^^Jl |Ju Jsj .Sj^L.^.JIj 
-iSj liaLaaMlj <.:L*Ujl»-VIj v-L-J 1 UiLuf J-i*iJ JjjJI UJJ UL- ^i JsL-yi 

'i/^J-J 1 ^^Vlj t^-Jj-JI SU C~**1 L.JCP ^^ Jlc -ulJb^-l ^J SJbJL* Jji ol>J 

^fcll f ^>JI axaJI ^ OJUI ^f^Jlj cU^j I^L> L-o»j '^>^Ij ^^JL-^JIj 
^U^iSU jAi^*^ kjj** jj^t of J*^ '^J-^ 1 o^liJl j^ if>-j ,>• ^^ J-** 
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kSjLnJI JL**f j^o l^p 4:,a. ; il->- 
oLL-p ^_, of Jl jJ^2 JiVdJl JT oLi .(.1967 fU ^|jb-l Jl v~JL U 
(.f *_JU-f I^Jlsi *U~, ^j j-jj iU IjjjU ^Ul jj^Jl ^ o^>- o^L^yj ^ 

C5**M ti-^ 1 J- 1 ^ 1 ^ ^1 f-f* ~^J^ J^--^" (J il>f J* >\j^J ^H ^bU-P oJlAj l^^—J 

ja <~Lj£ Lw (.1970 Il-J (84) ^j o^iUJl jiLi J^i olj^dl Ju «-^. ^yUj 

J* J^Jlj 4 J^.Vl oJUgJ J^UJI £^JI ^iJj t ^jjj| Jl il^l.Sl! ^LL- iijLl (.15^1 

^1 ^>-Sll ^IjiU dUJ^j ^JlkJl ^UjJ J^UJI ^L-Vl t L^MJ ^.^1 j^ 



'1978 i^jUlO i^^jli iwU- olj^L^. t^UJl t _ jJ _JJ\ JjjJl J^UJl tj ^p jJUJl _lp j^.,^. . j (1) 



.143 ^ 



189 



pi j j^UJL ji^Jl ^Li£Jl Jl ^U^iSlI ^ iiUL (90) pij J^UM - :Vjl 
^1970 /8 / 5 ^jL, jjUJI ^jAJl Jl ii^uSlI ^ SiUI jLi, f 1970 i-J (84) 
(855) pi^Jb ^^lij «iSL— j^l»_^-uJl (v-L; ti-^. I—' (855) ^Ll^Ji ^l^j 

.io_#Jl iisUaJl il%>l jUiJl 

j^liU jil^Jl ^LiXJl Jl ^U^i'Vl ^ iiUL (148) ^j j^lill _ : L\i 
L-l (129) cJJLSUl ^^j t 4jjAU ibL.S/1 ^ SaUl jb, (.1970 ^J (84) pij 
. «iw-jjl jjjla» j*-UJ' (»— ^ tjj*^ "^^H jV"" J^-^ 1 (•— ^ LS-^i 

^ j^Ui) Jil^JI ^LiS3l J! ^U^Ml ^ auk (82) pij J^UJI - :ISJU 

.LL-I (50)v_ii£Jl ^-j .fljjdl Jl il-^Ml ^ lM ^ C 1970 ^J (84) 
jil^Jl U^£}\ ja j^U^iSf! >~ *L_J ^ (17) pij J^UJl j-^ _ :li*lj 
JjjL^Jl J^-ij tUjJdl Jl «bL.Sll >~ ijUl oLl, f 1970 ii~J (84) ^ j^LLU 
Sij^j -c=rjjj> _ -Oj-yj y\y & ^-^^ iU^'j^-uJl ^-^ \s*~i L»-l (19) ji^Jl 
- Sij^-jj Jj~~i ^ ^L_o ^-j^V^ 1 f-^ jj<^dJ "j^J JiJ^V oU JJ yr^ 

.((Loj lk-S ol^-lj °Jj-*J AjJjIjj 

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ja oLSUlJI .!» ^ Ji>Jlj i^l il^ iiLcuJl i^L>- ciLLJl .jJl^Jl I4-L-I 

L. ^j t oL-i*Jl i^ J\ V-^^ 1J ^*J ^' ^ y yJ^y^ l> l3>. u ^ 

.yjxM ^l^»3lj ^\yti oi3U«- pij Jj-iil C: *^JI ^> ^>>J "Jc 51 ^!" L5*- 1 ^ jJI 

190 



o-* '^L> _^ Ua ;} M oLsOlu- jlp *>l_-}U ^i ^>uJi UJj U) ^sJi a^kJi jl 

Si U XiU>^ t ^1960 t- ^> 24 ^i jiUJI oljLLJJ 0;:; .HI ^* dULi >*_, ^JLJI 
^j t Si. Ill I olSO_<_JI Ji3 &Li o^_> ^Ull Jip ( _ y « rj /L ^j^j <dU»_? ;jlo>- 
oUjL, ^ jli, U- ^U ^ -uS^ o^. ^JUJbj i^Ul J ^JU-SU SS^JUJI 5_._J| 
J^-i, ^ ijuU /Si *JU*_. o^LUI aji J.JUJ at US' t »^Li-Vl Vjj-^ J^ *J>* 
^* t* 1 * >*■* Jr 1 ^ 1 oV '^^* jt o-sJU^>l ,>• UJlSl *U- UJ ^ c_JL»-Vl ills' 

i^J (84)^ j^Lill ^L-t oL JLSlJI jui Lit Vl c jjUJl ^1 ^ jiL ilj 
wi^jU ^^-1 i^t oL> j] iX-JJI a~~_»_U 0*-*l»- *j*i il^L.L jl*Sj V (.1970 

ApI^S £« UU^JI u Juyd\ \ju* 'j\ Ji i _ ? JJ| ^JUJl j! ,vi>jj . JJL-JI Ll*j 4JIS CJ^JI 

^J^J ^'j-^ iSjIj USLJjI ^> ^-tf ^*-^c_l ^ ill— it VI i JjjJl o^UIl 

i*_>l_L.j i^j*JI i-tUJl OljIyL iaLcuJl UMli ^Jkj ioUU^/Ij ^UiJl .JU -^ 

j^\ <_^->Ulj «. l > sr ^Jl j_^JL ik;^! (.1967 ^»U cMjb-L jL_ U^ai: ^ (84)|Jj 

jUsI jj^si jL-lx. J5Llo lf?JU.j O^fUJl oJUb g\j}\ o\ t^oVl IJL* ^ l^-^y Sy 

_1L* jLS- lij U-« jl^_Jl Oji l >ct i t 5 W J >fr^ *-Lj ^ jLc^Jl (84) ^Jj jjJUJl 
j-JU Jal^ ^1 ^at cj*+_^L«1 j-p ^^frJl ^V>a J-J j-. liS^. oVjl_J jt oU^-j 

J\yr^\ U-iJl jLS" La ^j . U-__ iUSflj oUiiJl LJ 4 sj_-l_, <JU t> w > ^UJl 

.iJUl ^jaJI Js. UljJl ^ij ^jJl JLJI 

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(.1969 jj^^i 
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.1974 _ 1973 _ 1972 _ 1971 _ 1970 _ 1969 ^bU a^^I iJ^Jl _4 

AJLoSfl 1 22 _ 1 SjjjJI _ JjS/l JlU^JI iLojJI JjjJl <~>U- ^Jb^. oljly _ 5 

.1988 t^y <.A^y«Jl JjjJl 4jwU- *->ILw ti.UJl 

.1965 <.j^oj> t i_ijU-Jl jb i JjjJl ojljj ''W 1 " obujJI^Jl Ai-y^y> _ 6 

^jLjjJI _ :LiJLj 

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.^•jUJl £Ul liJUiJl jj>tJlj f^U*^ 

^o 5xJU!l ojjj Jjli ^liiH ^oji-o JJbJl i^j^U-Ij I..U-J-J oLiL; ,_yjiJl J^~J' - 3 

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^UJl >?^JI t*1985 _ 1984 c^JLp ^1 !l ^y — !l jJl>~JI t i... k« Jl ^v 

.^r^-Sh v l^Jl J^UoIj c^L-ljjJ 

.1975 i_sjL«^ L~;jji <L^o t ^jLiJl 

1983 iSy»UJl coIjjL.j 

-oLJl c~_ JiCll ^l^-o y SjU>^ ^j^aJ 1967 _ 1966 c~_-^l!l ^l^o _ 7 

i^jSf! ^UJ*- 11 ^J^/ V-> lijl 4^1— IjjJl iSyiUJl y>,„LLSl oUljjJl j5j-i 

.1971 iSyoUJl 

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.*1954 

/4 /9 i^jL^. li^Ul ;L~UJl t UliJ| ^LJl i^Jl oVjIx. ..ljI^JI ^-U^ _ 9 

.1962 

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.1950 ^...:, 4 LJJ 5Jb*^Jl ^Nl ^-U- £. jjLiJL 

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♦ Laa->l i^Jl^ *4>J»^JI jUali^l Sjljj * 1963 ij-J iJU^M i*j^>~Jl _ 4 

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.1956 iSysUJl 4jr lJlj 

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.1978 liljjijJ 4 1977 _ 1947 

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_ 1951 t ^ Ki L. s^iJl ^ L~J ^ ^L-Jl /.LkJl tsj-^-i jj! JL-j> dJUL. _ 1 

.(.1977 jJj, iSykliJl LcU- ijji^Ul irjj JJ ^JLi. 4^ 1 1969 

^lk>)M (^iC>Jl c~^J ^JjjVJ! (jJUJ* iijJL. jj^j tJjj-Vl JU^. iiJu^.j _ 2 
^j^Jl Jl^*_- li^jjJl JjjJl o^U loljjjiS'jJl a>jj J^jJ iJL-j 4 1943 _1911 

. KJjjA^. jj.it 2002. _2001 t Sy>UJl lij^Jl oL-ljjJlj 

< n<ll - ;ir<nil,T> 

i-^LJlj i;pUl>-Vl 4±jIJL9-SM j^ jy 4_i*aJ ,J> oL/i 4 ^^U.11 i^jL^JI _ 1 

,J> Lxljj : LJ ^ jUju-VIj SJjjJlj *^>«J| t SJL*j- >_a,.LUl jlp ^^U . i _ 2 
jL«.«:>^Ml ojIjuj jl»1jxJl cjL-L--j olS^J iJUiJlj ioLaaVlj LpU> , y! Jj-^'Vl 

269 



.1995 io Jxi iirfj«Jl »Jb-_>)l oL-Iji £j* c 193 1 _ 1830 
^^-JJl LLU U»-^' i^UJl ^Ui*Jl Ji^J! *Ul L~J tJJ y> _^L^J!> _ 3 

jb c Lr -Jdl oJU U^ 1 1550 Jl 1510 ^ ^JbLJ, i Li^ r _>L~-yr _ 4 

.1969 JjVl *«JJI i^^ t^U-^Jl 

c 191 1 _ 1875 J>\tS\ ^ Li*Jl JLf*Jl J LJ i LSI* <-*ijyr J>jA j_p^' - 5 

.1946 t. j*oj> tiuyJl t-^31 f-Ls-l jta t^J—Jl j—^- k--jjj^ 

.1962 i «_ » yJ I , J^f* - ' j-^ ^J I j («■>■* ^ ' l jri ^tt ' ^ j-* 5 ^ <J LJ-^ ( j~~ :>■ . j _ 6 

*}LJl JUp i^U .^Vl -U-^j <^>-y '^j-"-" i_r~^Lrk A-jjIJ ' l _ r =rL ; ^j-*- 5 *^ - 7 

.1995 ^U->JI jb tcr Jol> pJoSM 

. 1 94 1 _ 1 940 LJ >D ^j^l ti>Jl ^iyJl - 8 

i^^-JJl iiJU- Ij^-y '^y^b J/^l "v?- 51 : W jliL- tL5 uk^j! ^.>* - 10 

.1990 ^LCU ^yJl jIjJI 

aJLaVI i*-kJl t j^JuJl LJ ^Jjb ^ oL-Iji i*JjJI Aj> JL5 ^a-^a-o . J _ 1 1 

.1966 JjSfl <*JJI hsjUcj 

,_JI i_JsUl ii^UJl JLiul ,_j^-j (_*Lr*^ 7^1 -^ LJ i£-bl« ^yiLuo^ ^^ - 12 

.1978 J^Ap^Ij £.j_Jl_j ^iJJ i.UJl iSjJJl i^Jb^ ij-" 

i _LI J^ jv^aI^jI ji'Lt 'Uj^jJ i^^L^Jlj l _ r i>LJl ^ LJ n_~> cS^r-* • ■> - 13 

.1981 0">UNlj fjJjJlj ^Lll 4~*jjl SLilJI 

270 



c 1 969 fU j^>- jJLo x^LJ! o^i!l ^uLgJ ^ L_J ^jU t^j^ • ' -0-15 
.1988 .JUajiVl _jjJJl -U> jjj-JJI il^r- jS> oljjJ^. '^1^ <-r^^ • 5La - p /■> *->^ 

^-Ll^ 1922 _ 1866 :UJJl ^UwiJl oLlJu , L y^ J ^i\ x«- y_y*S\ ^ _ 1 6 

. 1989 0^)!\j £l}jJ\j j^> i^L^Jl jljJl 
L-aJ^J I J b I ill Jj>J I jj./axj I J L_J ^ j^-JljcJ I j jJaJ l 7*-?^> I (.y*"^ v -~' ' J .0-18 

.1972 i j/tfl oJJl i^j^lj ytJJ 

.1968 ii**UJl i iLJ; i*^y> i4jjXSL-^M ii~»Ji^l_j 

cjIjjJL^o (_$jL>Cj i^ysUJl ( _ y -_ : JL! I ^jjJl jjjLiJl i. jj^t- jJL>Jl j_p JL»j>t>i . .> _ 20 

.1978 i-JjjjIi i>ooL?- 

.1975 JjVl iUaJl i^tSUJ ioyJl 

.1970 ta ~LI> 

.1968 yiojdl ^J>JI :^.jUl ^ LJ li-JJl i~UJl i^bSl US' _ 23 

sLluJI c 1949 _ 1948 ^^Ja-JuL l j c ~JJl jL^ ^ jj-" <-^j^ ^j^-Jl - 24 

.1982 t( ^l> j^)Mj £J_,Jlj yLJJ i-Ul 

271 



.1976 L^y LJ v bSOJ ^yJl jIjJI ijlk^l -^1 

I . . l»l l i.^ r ^ w JijJl s^s^ji 4_fl_L>- -_>jjijj ^-^t <• \-^-~> (V 1 "t^j^ Tt-^'x^j °_j- ; rj - 26 

.1990 t j/Vl 

.1974 t JjVl i*JJl tijXSL-^l 

i. { JtjH\ i*JaJl lAjjJciL-Vl ipLLL! J-*— jjj jb ti r o*>U.') , l ijOjJLllj 4~>wijJl ^IjiJl 

.1974 

o^Jl ^Ijt ^ JU~>I J^^NI J^ L-J c^LtjJI ^.l^ ju^I.j _ 29 

.1971 JjS\ i-JJl i&JbJl ^iJl i*JaJ! (1911 _ 1882) jWl jLiJl 

.1980 iJjVl i*JJl ^^ «^tJl ^l» JU»d?1 J*^Vl 

^_y. o_)^ i«82» a-j>«-!I J^AJl ^>jj ti_»— U i-ij-t- toJL* (^r*^i L5^ -J - 31 

.1971 c^k-JiJl y.^l iJi^, ^-.Uo^l 

J-il^l ilj-l! Sj^jJI jjJU t «kiJliJl JSCjL.» ^-^ £j_p-j (-U >> ^-^ - 32 

tciL-lj Ju* (^r-jyl w^ j* 3^* f c^^'j l^J-^ 1 ^L^ 1 cy* <— b- 5 :,(89)> 

.1971 r^J^JlW lIjUj^I jSy io Jj; i 

iOj^ iJ^Uj i-^L— iw-lji :59 jJUJl ■>>&_? Jc 5 '^** 1 ! 'jdj*^' -V 2, (yda-^ - 33 

.1969 t i;>,..U)l ^UJSfl ^yi 

•jSja tcjjj—. t«66» ii^n^Jl ^.la li ,_yJl i-Oj_$-Jl S^^«-fJl iA*- ^r-LJl _ 34 

.1969 t <:,.>. ,.U1I JjUoS/1 

OUoSM jS^ i«96» 1967 jljJLP Juu ia^l r^l iS^ i^r-^^l ./r-^ - 35 

. 1971 coj,^ c A._.-Jk...UJl 

272 



t jjjj- jlji *-^>-j tobCJl tixj^iJl tiLiJl iio_j^Jl iJL^Jl t^^iJU o"^jI - 36 

.1986 i^Lkil oUoiJl c^ 

. 1 973 t»jl«Jlj iiUiJlj A-j^d] i^yJl iUiuJl / ^j*Jl o>L*ljjJlj 

^ Ly i,_ ? ^lj Sj^Jl ^i j ; ,..-..l?. LLll ^^-"iUl j^ t^L^, j^_J| j_p ju^> _ 38 

.2002 ifjl«JJ ijyJl jIjJI io w t»UJl JjjJl OjJUJl *!5o-l *j^> 

^y oL-Iji i^^jJl cj^JcJIj ^yJl ^L><Jl 'c^r^' * aJL=^- JJJLJI JLp . i _ 39 

.1986 ^UJ ^LJJI jb t( _^J i^Ua^lj ^U^-Nlj ^LJI ^jjtJl 

i_~i>L<Jl iCjj^ i. 4 : :.,l a. . .J uLll 4 ; ./?all rtjjl^ ^i J_=^_5_oJ 1 ijU->- v . U: U ...< . j _ 40 

. 1966 i^jjJlj j-iJlj ipLkJJ lijUJ! 

.1988 i LajLojj 4jj. ; ^../?Jl Li l y*J\ ij^j t ^LiJl ( JLc- ^Lp _ 4 1 

.1998 i£J_jJlj ^iJJ U*Vl 

.1983 cJjSfl 

Oj^-j t ^J j . g ■/? 1 1 J la '. o 1 1 JjJL>-j jL~J^I <_}jJb- /, ; W ... li i^L-p -j. : ■>- _ 44 

.1987 toL-ljjJJ iayJl S -jJl 

t^-lJlj ipUa-L! J^j^Jl jb i^.^lS' iLiJ <U-?-^ t ,, ^ " I ^yj tAjjJLi 4 ~^JJ - 45 

.1980 i JjNl a^ 1 

jb oj^ t^^^ll J">^Vl JJi ^ i-jjjJl ^Ja—li tt >-^Jl jj! ^ _ 46 

.1990 4 JjjliJl 

*">Le-)Mj ^jjjJlj ^JLiU ol—~j iOj^ toljjl ^i ^j $ .11 tjl^i' Uj-oL. _ 47 

.2000 

273 



.1993 Syt LaJ I t ^J jj JL» L^« i ii-b-J I ^^a^ ,_y ^_^J I k_iL> <• ^/-p o_Lp ii^p _ 4 8 

pJuJlj oUiJlj ^_/JJ i-^J! i-Ji^Jl .L,yJ! oL-lj-iJlj ^_^J! -l^ _ 49 
i^LJiJJ ^U jb i^LLJl >y^\ ^^...JLJ ^ ^j-_^Jl ^JLk-jL^^I jU^cl-VI 

. 1975 t^iJlj 

jv-JutJl i-x-Ja-a liLj^-xJl jUaiVl Jj-£j t4~*L~Jl /»_jJLkJ I i-lS' cilJli-i 4-*-* L>- _ 50 

. 1989 olJLi, iJUl 
.1987 t^Jy iJjS/l UJJl i^yJl i^UJU ioUJl ^L.S/1 ifS^ "jleTj 

Oj^-o t 4 ; '. : la ... 1 all JjI^jVI J^^-o t^jJa-^JuaJl 4 ; ,/j all k_a_Li t(_£jljL& ^l—- _ 52 

. 1970 

.1970 t <zjjj?> c j Lg^J i jIj tiojjJl jl-UJl ^y -ij-gJl 'tij>>- >— 'jJi*; - 53 

ixJaJl olpj-^j^-U A^jyJl jljJl i <L> Ja-JuJ I ipj^*^<jl i Jj— I Jl«j^ J}IJ^J|J_p _ 54 

.1978 4 Jj\M 

>S> t J*>U^Nl Jl W>LiU^I ^ 4,^. U .U..,UJ1 4.,/, all iJ^-iVl ^JJlJL^.i _ 55 

.2003 _y.li, c JjSfl oJall t joJ i^Jl^Nl oUIjJlU ^-UJI 

tJLljL»JI J~>Jl jj-» ^^-Vl r-jyiJI l-k^uj^/l (_Jj-iJl ^» 3 J-f^l "-^L^ J_J»L° _ 56 

. 1996 JjS/l i^kll ixjJ^JIj ^J^JJ UaSM 



-j 



,j _ 57 



.2003 Lj^ojx. JjS\ hJhi\ tJjyJl jb tJJl^l 

sLiJL-. i^LJl ^JjjJI JjJLSJl ^ .-—— !>L *l^>l Ijl-. tc^ij *Vj..j _ 58 

.1979 t JjVl iJJl iijXSL-Vl tojUJl 
274 



AjjjjJsL^y I i(*JjLx_<Jl sULl* t»L<Jl ^jjJl jjJUJl n_jLjkj_;l (_j:>L^> ,JLp . 2 _ 59 

. 5 JLe iJliJl i«JaJl 



.1969 liJlill ixJJl to Jvri l^LJlj ipUJj 

o^/LoJLj-Ij f->lj-^ - J-th'^-~ "i i_r* Jj-r^j-^Jl ij-f-Jl t Ojj^-\j 1— ol lS-5jI - 61 

.2003 t^jVl ixJall tOj^ t^jjJl SJi^Jl oLJji jSj* t Lii„JI 

j-i-J-1 J^^l jb t*JL«-!l ^ >-lj-^Jl J-bl^> ipj—_^» ij_j~^ (JjU^ X«^x^o . j _ 62 

.2002 liJliJl i^JJl t Sy>UJl c^JjjJIj 

t-jLiiCJJ LoLjJI ^ . | f j <> 1 1 ii-_gJl t^la ... li ^1 <j j j ^ . 1 1 oj^^Jl '^1 ji f»-Jj _ 63 

.1974 1 JjVl ^UJJl tSy^UJl 

<-ji^L>JI i_w^j^Jl o_^Jl cjLvjU^. ^ jj_^_jjlj j^Jlj_<Jl 1 Jj_LgJl j^j>- _ 64 

.2004 i Jj\l iulJl t^j^o ^JjJIj y^Jlj oL-ljoU 

•»Lf?«-ll ;>* iijJL^ cjL^jL^> ic-i^i _jjl jL»_Jl_- Jl^x^.1 ^^LgJl .0 x^jJl _ 65 

.2003 tiuljl ixJJl t^^l 

.1990 ijjd iSjjJ^JI tijb i^Ls-^l 
.1977 iJlill ixJaJl tSykUJl t i,L^J|j <j|jj| Jjl^l tt^-jj jj^>^o k-i-_^ _ 67 

J> iJUaj^l -Lpl^il! jlj^l ti~JJl i>JL~Jl oljiJJ ^jp^Jl -u^-^Jl Sjbl _ 68 

.1976 ta Jbl> Hl2}\j ^y\ £j cLJ 

s j'4 lt^' *>*«-! ' : j'j— 'b jj-^j JP^J i_r-^> J ! *^-z*->- it«JLLJI cjIjjJL^i _ 69 

.(.1976 ^Ju^c JjSfl ^JJI c^JJl ^>J J! oUiU l^JI ^_^l 

275 



.1970 tJjMl W^ 1 '^^ Jl J^^ C 11 ^ 'V* 1 ^ 1 

oi,y^ c^i oMj W v^ ^ ^^ l ^^ r* 1 ^ ^ - 3 " 71 

»lij ^jy i^ry 'V^ 1 ^ ! cr-> J» ->->>.*' '^->~- ^>- J - 72 
^ t J/MI i*>Jl oj^ i^lj oUIjaU i-^Jl i— >JI cj^^ ^U - 

.1974 

■ 1999 oj^ tJjMl ^> ^^p>Ij 

i^l UiuJl ,^l ^ oL>-j ^1 , JUL. JsU , c j^-l :U * - 74 

.2004 tjj^l W^ 1 'pk^J iiliJlj *ci>U 

t 1995 i JjSlI oJJl 'u-M> 'C^ 1 ^ ^^ ^ olj^^ c^JUll 

1966 /3 /24 iS^UJI fc-Jl .233 aJuJl li^l -^1 *V-" - ! 

.iilS" 1967 »U ilJ^I i-bM^I ii^w - 2 

.iil£ -1 967 /»le jI-J^I tiLi*Jl ii~>w - 3 

.^15 »1 967 fU jIAp! t^ijl ii~>w* - 4 

.ii\S »1967 »le ilApl tj^l lk~>^> - 5 

.^15 (.1967 fU jI-Ip! ci-SlI ii-^w - 6 

. 1968 /l /15 lX>\)\ i*~>^> - 1 
276 



.1968 /l /30 ti-JJl 
. 1968 /3 /6 lijJJl JbM^I XL>^> <.^*~M J <~>yi>\ £fU\ - 9 

^V-^L-lj iu^* Jjj 10 ja oIj^jJUI oIjUl. oly^ J^J^i ^.1^1 - 10 

.1999/3/19 tjJcJ iaJ^jJI w-<yJl iL>w cj~i ^ui\ s^ 

.2003 /4 /22 t 6642 jA*JI tjxJ iaJjJJI ^^Jl i-L^> - 11 

^LJjjJl V ^JI i-L^> i^U ^1 oUa* iJI^Jl J-Ai^V J^Lr-1 >^" ^ - 12 

.2003/7/10 t 6699 j.ul1 ijJcJ 

3JL*JI J»-j\l JyJl iie-^ '^JJ o~-^ "-Or* C^- 13 ussMLr-V 1 *-*" - 13 

.2000/8/9 t 7923 

J^jSfl jyJI iw 0^4-Jl o^> i^ JjJ 10 USU~J a*: J-stj— 1 - 14 

.2003 y \j* 

.2004/3/11 ioljL.)l jUjMI ii~»w 

.12 _ 1 ^ d972 ^jL. niJWl jJbJl tirfj* 11 oUIjoJIj 

.27 -26 ^ tl997/9/29 296 ajuJI 4 .k-^l 

/22 308 jJLJl ia-^l iL>~. t^^rA^Jl ^j 'O^ 1 ^ 1 "^ i ^ 1 u"-^ 1 '-'j 1 ^ - 3 

.49 -44 ^ t 1997/12 

i^iJl ^U* a^. tolj-vij jjU, ty^j^l i~U- ^jt »lj-i v 1 ^" J^Lr-l - 4 

277 



.1998/4/30 c2208 jJuJI 



.2002 .252 
.2003 tJJ ^Jl i JjSlI i-Jl i^Ul jJL*JI iSjUdl 

.djj^\ i^-Jl 199 jJuJI iSjUl>JI iU^ tjJUJl 

1948 sjl^lJI ^l ^u«J oUJI v^Jl J ^JliJl *i*Ul JL^l ^ ^_>' - 9 
_ ^Ul ^ls > J\ Jij^\ J^UJJ i,^ 1 -^ 1 ii?«-Jl teplJJu ^y-^.i C5J- 1 : ^-fc i/^- • ■» 
.* L} x£J)l\ <-j£-"ji Oji i*^ '^jJJl j^UJJ ii^iJl o^>Jl (.1950 

. »1982 ^.-,.,„o 20 jJoJI ti-oUl i-Jl ii~/Vl J^^l <L>^ <.J^>^y^ ^>j^r 

.(.1981 i^jL. 13 jJbJl toJ^I i-Jl 

JjSfl f UJl J^U ^^1 ^ iS^, J^.>l J>J> ^ *c<o^l J^V - 12 

.1984 ^-L^ ta wUJl iJbJl cJL^Ul iU^ cjl^Jl iU* a .1912 _ 1911 



278