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3 1833 01199 9692 


Allen County Public ljting| 
Ft. Wayne, Indioiui 

Fruit for the Millions 

Soiiu >>niill liuit seetions ln)ast ol laismg lii<rli piieed fruit 
for millionairos Not so "S ikima ^\ c lie i)linting a iinlhon 

additional each ^ 
Mil be shipping c 

Eie anothei decade lolls iiouiul 
many tianscontinental lailioads 


Sources of Our Water Sui 

Yakima County 

When a big leseivation opens when Uncle bam releaseb a 
neh section ot country to homesteaders anvwheie even re 
mote from railroads there is i wild rire ot thousands inoie 
thnllin thin Itn llui s 1 i 1 T .t v 1 it is Uncle Sam 

' I I \ \ I III ' ' I ening a mag 

' II I 1 1 m the desert 

I I in 1 much of it 

M It He IS 

10 000, 

vlo elects to make his home heie d 
1 1 section undei going a real estati 
ires with the stability of any puvate 
land in a district in which the go\ei 
' i watei lights 

Yakima Tested 

S and truit growing in the "iakima Valley is not an 
peument In presenting the claims of this valley to the 
tention of homeseekers thev are not invited to consider a 
new proposition The possib lities in agriculture horticultuie 
md stockraismg m every portion of the district have been 
tested foi vears The reputation of the \akima country is 
based upon established facts Among those who know, \aki- 
ma" stands for the best. 

The Tieton 

1 bv the Governnieii 
ill water 34.000 acre 
V..rfl. Vnkima. It i: 

I III. Ill- 15.000 car 

L project. .So solid and 

substantial i 

s the 

construction \ 

that the cost 

of n 


^nance wil 
Water R 

The supply of 

iloes from the Rainier 

any other lai 

neers have s 

age to be ro( 

tained the i 

and, basing t 

1 this gigantic project 

urposes, coming as it 
is superior to that of 
ili»-cst. Federal engi- 

MnkiiiK Forms for Tieton Car 


The Tieton Doubles Area of Fruit Land 

Here you are looking over the magnitieent orchards nmt 
Nob Hill. The higher orchards are under the Tieton. Ini 
present are being watered by a pumping plant. The sageb 
and foothills in the background will all be watered bv 
Tieton. which practically doubles tlic m-vi-mxi' of liif;h 
fruit liind in VaUinia Coiintv. 

Tieton Will Have Ideal Shipping Faciiitie 

With the network of electric lines radiating f 
Vakiiii:! into every section of tlic Tieton project. 



will t tl I t il I I pendence i^ lud up n iiii|_ition 
I I 1 I I I I iiieis to seek toi homesteadb on 

I t t I 1 II I ue that IS likely to be ^^ateled 

n II nitni I i I n I lively taken ^\'1llle dr'i farming 
iRed 11 i^ 1 fUf 1 I I u\ land undei a well establi^hei 
The iiKieised pioductueness of the Httei will nnie 
■ompensate foi the diffeience in co'^t 

Yakima Indian Reservation 

The United States Reclamation Service has a Hrge number 
of surveying parties on the Reservation, with headquaiters at 
Wapato and Toppenish. Storage reservoirs have been ar 
ranged, the estimates of cost of water per acre have been 

Laws Affecting the Reservation 

Laws ha\e already been passed opening the 

Reserv ition The l-inds 1 200 000 acres have 

oeen suiveved and aie now being appraised The 

"OOn nil ttee Tndnn^ . wnincr 240 000 icies of the 

'II t 1 ml' 1 III 1 I 1 I 1 1 n n authority to 

I i ' - ' II i,t The land 

I I I I bout 80 000 

Double Irrigated Yakima 

llie opening and watering of the Eesei\ation 
ti^ the IntiiKii DLinitiiiPiit means doubling the 
|)ii lilt II I I nil II I h nils in Yakima County 

Hit 111 I I HIP ins in oppoitunities 

nil li III II 11^ professional and bus 

111 nil II MM 111 I I the ne-H cities on the 

A New Illinois — A New Iowa 
oil looking for a ■sast expanse ot rich bot 
d and roilins pnirie something that re 
ou of the stite^ adjacent to the great 
'tand on one ot the low foothills over 

Indnn lesimtion Surelv the Indian 
selecting this the most magmfitent body 
1! til I II ihc Coast As far as eye can 
II 1 t sigebrush and hills more than 
li II II h bottom lands and plea'^mt hill 
ulii,ihiii. Nob Hill man> times Scarcely 

e%ei beheld a grander prospect a^ricul 
asilv imagine the magic to be wniuTht 

e will support splendid 

191 1 the Date. 
Word has just been received from the Department of the 
Interior at Washington D C indicating that the Reseivation 
will open in 1911 It ^ou aie wise -sou will get a loothold in 
\ ikima before the Reservation opens and the Indian lands 
are sold It is bareh po'^sible that the opening may occur 
late in the fall of IfllO 

Wapato Project 

The question is often asked by prospective settlers as to the 
possibility of obtaining nursery stock in the Yakima country. 
Local nurseries have headquarters at North Yakima, Wapato, 
Toppenish and Sunnvside These are among the largest con 
cerns of the kind in the Pacific >lorthwest Smaller concerns 
are located at Parker and Selah Their stock is strictly first 
class in quality true to name and in every way satisfactory 
Besides supph mg the local demand hundreds of thousands of 
trees and shrubs are annually shipped to outside points 

the magnificent forest', m the western part of the 

Six Thousand Homes 

The wit 11 1 1 I . 1 , 1 11 

homes I I 

the cities I I I , I 

brick and t . I u m 111 il 1 | I 11 

did oppoitunitic to business and puttssionil 
men ol all kinds Opportunity 13 painted in bij; 
letters on the gates of e\erv town and city ot 
Y akima County but on none more plainly than 
the new Reservation cities of Wapato and Top- 

The Sunnyside Project 


-/-W: ■ 

pleted by the government. It take 
located near by and will consist of 
by water power. The project cov( 

from the town it liy this jjroject a 
pumps operated Arrangements ha 

5000 acres lying pf the main canal 

mpleted for i 
•e of all thest 



( 1 ui_c 1 li I I 111 selected tor the estab 

1 (il iiidiistinl enterprises 

1 A, Valley Pailioad i Northern Pacific 

the construction of a road fiom Worth 
, M the Paiker district and Zillah and the 
itliern Pacific parallels the entiie Sunny 

iss the Yakima river and passes through 
ind Mabton, which have become very im 
lit-, Mabton not only handles large ship 

I i.hicc ,ui\\n undei the Siininside canal 

bounty, bein. 
Glade Bickl t 
IS approMiii I 

Toppenisli has grown t 


a town of about 

2000 population and is 

of the heaviest 

shipping points in Yakima County. One 

of its warehouses a stone 

stiuctuie, has a 

frontage ot 270 feet o 

n th 

e laihoid tiark 

Wapato because ot i( 

with refeience to th 

1 1 1 1 1 \ tl, r 

iesei\ation officials 

tion then called bun 

il luiu th lc_ 

iral shipping point foi 

Paikei distiut, 

jas developed into a prosperous town ^Mth 

substantial buildings 


laige business 

\\l 11 ih |i^,iit 
12. mile-, ot iiilioid 

1 nil 


Old building is 
(ountiv, meas 

1 bv an aveiage 
ill be sei\ed b\ 

k and no farm 

an-swheie undei the 

\sKie canal will 

be more than three n 


tiom a lailroad 

nnrl eveiv firmei \m!1 

ithin foui miles 


1 1 11 building" 



in the foreground eovered with orcliards and alfalfa fields and 
are bordered by the river a few miles below, while in the dis- 
tance beyond, the Cascade Mountains, with Mt. Adams and 
Mt. Rainier, are in plain view. 

Located along the Yakima River about midway between 
Mabton and Grandview is the Belma district, which is one of 
the most successful fruit sections in the lower valley, as evi- 
denced by the fact that her people have taken many prizes for 
fruit exhibits. 


■2i») tuns. A few colonies of Ijees are to be found < 
ranches and they are a most profitable side issue, to say noth- 
ing of their inestimable value to the orchards. Mr. White, 
who rears and pastures bees on his alfalfa acres in the Cow- 
iche, nets over $1,000 annually from their harvest. Jesse 
Thornton of Fruitvale last year built a lionip with the money 
his bees brought him. 


To prepare sage brush land for seeding or planting costs 
from $5.00 to $7.00 an acre. In the case of land that requires 
leveling, the cost is more, varying from $5.00 to $25.00 per 
acre. It costs from $20.00 to $30.00 per acre to buy trees and 
set them, and from $10.00 to $15.00 per acre annually for the 



care of the trees until bearing. Common labor is $1.75 to $2.00 
per day. The hire of a man and team is $4.50 to $5.00 a day. 
A man with one horse can easily care for ten acres in orchard, 
doing all the work till the bearing period. 


3 possible to purchase orchard tracts, have trees planted 
rchards cared for until they come into bearing? Several 
le companies are presenting this plan to prospective pur- 
s. It has soiiif attrnitive features. Among them is this 

can k. ri> I i- -ill!,,, I |„,,ij;,,,i \\liile his orchard is devel- 
I'lt" ' ' : III. and thus have an as- 

'"'""" ''■ best orchards are the 

^''it "■ ■; ■ -i.i .,ii, ,.i their owners, and the 

'devel..ii will, UiL loi who can observe it, 

SIDE VADJ^KV— Cuntlnued 

North \ikimi \\ a,h Di I 1 M 
THE FIRST NATIONAL BAI> K \oith^iLimi ^^ i.,l, 

Gentlemen — In reply to yo>.. ^u^i^.r^ i^,i aumc sLiiieineui 
about my fruit crop for 1907, I submit the following state- 

The gross receipts for peaches were $1489.00 per acre for 
my entire crop on three and four-year-old trees. The crop 
for the different aged trees was not kept separate, so I can 
only approximate on tl.e amount for the different aged trees, 
but I think the right proportion is $1200 per acre for the 
three-year-old trees, and if this is right, and I think it is, the 
four-year-old trees must be credited with $2160.00 per acre, as 
there are two and one-third of the three-year-old trees for 
every one that is four years old. 

Strawberries made $570.00 per acre. W. I. HUXTABLE. 




Experience proves that an annual income of from $350 to 
$500 net per acre from well cared for orchards may reasonably 
be expected. In specially favorable years the proceeds may 
reach beyond the $2000 point, as was "the case in 1907. From 
general farming in this valley the net proceeds are extraordi- 
nary. The raising of alfalfa for market brings a large revenue. 
Alfalfa fed to dairy cows, to sheep and cattle for the market 
brings still larger revenue. A net profit from alfalfa of $30.00 
to $40.00 an acre is not uncommon. This from land that can 
be purchased at $125.00 to $200.00 per acre, is more than a fair 

Available Land. 

■r purposes, both developed 

ami'veloped, in large and in small n.ii- .m i. iiiir 
cliased through local real estate agencies. 

Each town named in this book is in the center of a rich 
farming and fruit growing territory, where the sage brush 
deserts have been transformed into the beautiful homes of a 
prosperous and contented people. Thousands of acres await 
the coming of other homeseekers, who shall turn the magic 
waters of the Cascades upon their brown, parched bosoms, and 
change the scene into one as fair and fruitful as fancy ever 

Prices for raw land range from $80 to $250 an acre; for 
same with water right, from $130 to $300 an acre, the average 
being about $225. The price depends largely upon location 
and adaptability of soil, fruit lands bringing the best figures. 

to $2jOO an 

1 iped orchard 

I with modern 

tii gas, electric 

s cl a city residence 

II life Orchard tracts 

lings located three to 

1 ice from $800 to $1200 

thiee ti 

yielded 73 Va tons of spuds I hat pioduct brought him, gross, 
$1155 m cash That is $385 an acie for the yield. 

The total cost of producing these potatoes from the time of 
planting until the-\ were in the sack was, at $5 a ton, $367.00, 
lea\ing a totil toi the three icies of $787.50, or $202.00 per 

A Potato Paradise 

Everett Clevelind who iiised 30 acres ot potatocb last year 
1 the Lower \aches vallev harvested such an excellent yield 
lom the tnct that he concluded to measure the tonnige per 

Crop Failures Unknown. 

t any kind has been experienced since the 

1 Iwice in the last 20 years the peach crop 

ot intensely cold weather during the pre- 

I the test ot veais proves that no other sec- 

\ has so good a lecord for a continuous peacl. 

Prize Carload Exihibited at Second Apple Sh 

E. C. Hill, Selah, Yakima Vallej 

'^ 4f ;w j|^y 

A Stockman's Paradise 

the best Herefords and Holsteins and J 

I men Each spring the flocks tol 

II to the Cascade summits where 
« ly m the fall before the return 

I in the warm protected lowlands 

II h grass furnished abundant win 
ntmuous sunshine and potash 

1 s\\ eeten the world s best peaches 

ptened the grass for the fattening 

kraan s paradise 

i ith Us and More Are Needed 

inched Ihey are still imong us 

unts much puzed h^ our bank 

till loim the hills and mountains 

in winter consume as they are fat 

dllalta ha> Stockmen we have with 

I the herd 

books, and we want more. In the big YaLinia coiinti> theic is 
room for the best stockmen and dairymen ind bleeders ot 
draft horses in the middle west. To sucli 'iikima oflel-^ splen 
did opportunities. 

A Poultry Record 

statement of one year's work with 70 chicken hens md »i\ 
turkey hens for the year 1907 : 

3 laid, 8142. Average price, 23 cents per dozen A.\ei 

imber per hen, 116. 

Chickens sole! 15227 00 

Turkeys sold 124 25 

Eggs sold 154 42 

Total $305 67 

Feed bought outside of what was raised on firm h7 3h 

Not a One Crop Country 

That sage of agriculture, Secretary Wilson, 
every thinking farmer that a one ciop country is on the wiong 
track. Sooner or later such a section must duersity it", tiop-, 
or fall behind. Yakima's agricultuie is diversified ' The 
important crop is apples, second, other fiuit but alfalia with 
its attendant stock industries, is a verj impoitant adjunct It 
fills the soil with nitrogen, fattens the cattle and sheeji feeds 
the bees and dairies, which in tuin Iuiiii'!,li tertilizei rui liu 
orchards, berries and gardens. Yakima not only has the most 
acres of the best orchard land of any valley in the world, but 
it also has more alfalfa land than any other orchard 
the Northwest. And the alfali.i land lit-, (los(.l\ .u 
the orchards and gardens, whos.(. tpitilit\ and e\ie]lfi 
forever guarantees. 


fruits, such as peaches, apricots, grapes, etc., which require the 
most favorable climatic conditions, are raised with entire suc- 
cess and develop to a state of perfection unexcelled anywhere." 


Alfalfa is easily the Eng of all 
forage plants. In all parts of Yak- 
ima it grows to wonderful per- 
fection, often producing ten tons 
per acre of baled hay, rich in ni- 
trogen and protein, growing and 
fattening all kinds of stock. 

, the 

;, al- 

i pert! 

One acre in alfalfa in the Yakima 
produces as much as three acres in 
s and Iowa, where land is valued as high as $200 per 
acre, iiiid the forage is richer in fat, milk and growth produc- 
ing (|ual!ties. Why, then, is Yakima land not really worth 
three times as much as Illinois land, $600 per acre? Come, 
now, while you can buy raw land suitable for alfalfa for .$50 
to $100 per acre, and alfalfa fields that will pay you 15 to 20 
per cent on your investment every year, and where in addition, 
the land is certain to double in 
value in five years. sssiss 

Alfalfa Meal Mills. 
One of the most rcT.iii in. In-; 
tries in Yakima Cumy i, thr 
alfalfa meal mill which cuts m J 

chops alfalfa for compact balin;; 
or grinds it into a meal, as ih 
sir^d. Wlien baled, after cIki]. 
ping, its bulk compared to its 
weight, is about one-half of tlir 
ordinary baled hay, enalilin^ 
shippers to fill cars to capaiii > . 
making a great saving in ilir 

lished in the county — at Wapato and Sunnyside — and they 
are very successful. When one considers that hay heads the 
list in Values of products shipped out of Yakima County at 
the present time, it becomes very apparent that the oppor- 
tunities here are large for the establishment of alfalfa meal 

Creating a Greatly Enlarged Market. 

These alfalfa mills are creating a greatly enlarged market. 
There is no limit to the uses of alfalfa. As it does not grow 
west of the Cascade Mountains nor in the immense lumber 
or mining districts, it is easy to see that the Pacific Coast 
cities (destined to rival the cities of the Atlantic), Alaska, 
the immense himberin? interests of the Coast, and the mines 
of the Cascades n,,,! the Rockies must ever look to the irri- 
gated valleys tor tlirir t..i;i-e supply. And Yakima County is 
the most com .in. m :iihl huucst supply point. 

Yakima vallr\ .Ices nut rlaim "to grow the best colored, best 
flavored, most uiiitonu. largest and best yielding apples in the 
world," but it has yet to learn of any district that produces 
better apples, peaches, pears and cherries or more of them. 

of the^ 

iiills have 

Dairyman's Profits 
Multiplied by Four 

The dairymen of Northern Illinois, \\isc,,n 
sin and Iowa would find in Yakima a veritable 
Eldorado for the dairy business. With a mild 
climate, abundant, pure, cold water, alfalfa 
producing ten tons where hay in the east produces at most 
two to three tons, the cost of production would be at least 
divided by two. With the markets of the mines and lumber 
regions and the great cities of the Coast, and few dairy 
regions to supply them, prices are always high and profits are 
again doubled on tliis account. The dairymen of the east, if 
they want to multiply their profits by four, should come to 

Here is a scene from the Rudkin Dairy. The main building, 

costing $30,000, is splendidly equipped; mangers, stalls and 
floors are constructed of cement. The proprietor is Judge 
Frank H. Rudkin, a leading citizen of Yakima and Chief .Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of the State of Washington. 

Mr. Peter Bach, of Fruitvale, has about one and one-half 
acres in peaches, fourth season, of which about two dozen are 
Early Crawfords, a few Late Crawfords, and balance Elbertas 
From these trees Mr. Bach sold $2200 00 worth of peaches 


Yakima Potatoes— Where Can 
You Equal Them? 

Nowhere do better potatoes grow than in the Yakima Val 
lej when the altalfa or clover lands aie plowed A yield of 15 
to 20 tons per acie on such lands is not uncommon. Potatoes 
should not be raised successively for many years on the same 
land On new lands just cleaied of sagebrush potatoes do 
■well on the heavier soils, often } lelding 10 to 15 tons pei acre, 
and they aie often giown between the tiees of the young 
oithard \akima potatoes are always quoted separately m 
the large city markets of the Coast and at a higher price than 
others This is owing to then higher peicentage of starch 
I hey always cook diy and mealy. 


"How Can I Make a Living While My Orchard Grows?" 

With splendid markets in the home cities, mines and lumber 
regions, with the State shipping in many hundreds of carloads 
of butter, cheese, eggs, honey, poultry, pork, canned goods, 
there is abundant opportunity to make a living while the 
orchard grows. Poultry raising, gardening, berry growing, bee 
keeping, and working at your trade for your neighbors and 
helping in the older orchards are some of the ways by which 
a living can be made. 

A Poultry Paradise. 
The conditions in Yakima County are ideal for poultry rais- 
ing. Mild climate in winter with plenty of sunshine to stim- 
ulate laying, dry weather in .spring for the small chicks, about 
double eastern prices for eggs, spring chickens netting fully 

r a.Ij 

ore could be desired? Already 
irosented, and the annual poul- 
■ ^^'n-;llingto^ State Fair is at- 
' ' :i nineiers with hundreds of 
I I liig share "of the blue rib- 
,110 much larger than big 
i' .11. hard is growing poultry 

Berries— Gardens and Vegstables. 
You can also do as many of our most successful orchardists 
have done— plant strawberries between the trees, raise canta- 
loupes, potatoes, tomatoes and all kinds of garden crops. 
The growing cities of the valley offer increasing markets and 

I to work every por 
1 at good wages and 
tend to the irrigation 

er to Bring $ 
le new oiilni 
? during tun 

abundant v 
,ke $2 00 to $4 00 per day making 
boxes and packing fruit In no other kind of farming in a 
new country is there so much healthful out door work suit 
able for women and bovs, as in the fruit orchards and berry 
patches \ our neighbors' orchards often belong to professional 
and business men living in the cities while their orchards 
grow If you are a conscientious and willing worker you can 
find abundant woik at good wages near your own home, but it 
will be a big advintage if you have $2000 in cash or credit 

oidered b\ bear with which to make your first payment on your land and t 



fakiinaValley, |j[ 4l|f :^^ 

Anybody Can Irrigate 

t better 

, three 

Ml Ml I itdt lertihzatioii ot tlie tiuit 
II III 1 11(1 truit of large si/e ind per 
It 1 1 and quality Rami it it often 
111! Ill luui of the blossoms wt tiuit or 
■-null ipples on account of di\ spells poor 
in I oloi and quality — uncei taint's \ou 
>i\e time and make mone^ b\ irrigating 

The average yield of \akima bearing 
oichards is, conservatively 10 tons per 
xcie average value conser\ ativeh $45 per 
ton f o b cars or $450 per acie The 
return trom Illinois coin, to be \erv liberal 
i« bO bushels per icre worth lO cents a 

National \pple '^h<)\^ ii ^i I iii ii 1 
lontributed Ii\l W W - i i - 

ol (rimes t olden whidi ^^ i n ' | I 

stakes and first in its cUv^ I M Pc 
I. \liibited \\ inesips wliipli won first pla 
Pirkir won first on mixed nrload T 

Ihat the fi 


F\liibits w 

U in Spol 

op of the \ alle\ foi 1<)10 will 1 e i buiiipti 
■en 4 000 and o 000 cai loads will be •,hippe 1 
I made at the Vationil \pple Show to 1 e 
it Chicago under tlie auspi e'! ot the ibo\L 
with the Batumi land '^ho^^ under the 
of the Chicago Tribune 

For Six Consecutive Crops 

of Elberta Peaches 


'■I will give you $2000. f o. h. 
cars, for the peaches from one 
acre of these Elbertas," said J. 
B. Powles, a leading wholesale 
fruit dealer of Seattle, to the 
writer, speaking of the crop of 
1907. These same trees, fillers 
in an apple orchard, yielded an 
average of over $1000 per acre 
from their fourth season's 
growth. That is, over $6000 
per acre for the entire six con- 
secutive crops up to and in- 
cluding the crop of 1908, when 
prices were very low. These 
trees were set in 1900 and in 

4000 Boxes Peaches from 

Three and One-half 


Mr. Osborne Russell of the 
Fruitvale district, North Yaki- 
ma, has about three and a half 
acres in Elberta peaches, in 
their fourth season, from which 
in 1907, he took 4000 boxes, 
which sold at an average of 70 
cents per box. 

Statement of W, P, Sawyer 

1894—110 Trees to the Acre— 
1 o\es r. 

\e3 pel Vcie Sold lor 

S— 1th 120 

SI 2t 

s 1 jO 00 

I)— tith -'40 


288 00 

)0— ,th IhO 



104 00 


2 0,8 00 

1. itli 1 l-)0 



020 00 

1 — inth 2 204 


1 3^34 

2 097 44 

14 -mil 1SS8 



1 321 60 

1 l_tli i3)0 


4 1S7 50 

M 1 tl, 2 3o0 



2 820 00 

1 mil 4 000 


2 07 

') o22 00 

IS- 1 th 3 600 


2 826 00 


S27 l')4 j4 

A^verage Annual Price 

$1 13y 

^'6 price leceived for all pears 


".l 2680 

_e \euh puce first five years 


1 U 1 1 1 Ust 


for the 11 

re $413 13 

re per ^e-i 

for the 11 


le flint 

30s 34 

ielntred 01 


\^ p 


IMiker W islnivrton 

rikiim Cmilencces the World 
I 1 I i|ii I II hii \fi \ number of >ears, 
( iiiiM il\ I 1 I I u ot the world in truit 
I lit il II 1 I I lilt-, of eleven consecu 

hrti II \ 11 III 11 iihird in addition to 
•9i\ oonsecutne ^e^rs in a \akima Elberta 
1 the previous page On tlie following pages 
on Wmesaps 

Greater than California Oranges 

On llie opposite page you are looking down a row of Wine- 
sapm, the peculiar glory of Yakima. In most sections the 
Winesap, owing to dry spells and shorter seasons, is small, 
[n Yakima, with its long season and no dry spells, the Wine- 
sap often grows as large as an Eastern Beile Fleur, with per- 

2 Yakin 


In giving the h^uHs tiom \Ii llui 

tle> s leport the Spoke 

ininLeview annoumts that theie w 

eie 13 3i0 000 truit tiet 

flowing m the istatc of \'\ a>,l mgton 

n 1908 comprising (> )07 

08J apple 1082 )<ll m 1 ^^ m 

.11% 1 111 147 plum in 

pi line and 4 101800 i 

A.n estimate founJ i 

1 \iew of the numbe 

of fruit trees pi mte 1 1 

1 s gi\es the total a 

2 00 8 T This n t 1 

„ fruit inspe t i u 

ilr ^ 1 1 \ 11 1 N 

,U phm 1 llin 

pple, peach, pear, cherry and plui 
counties. Report of F. A. Hunt 


No. Trees. 

Asotin . . . 






-Jli. ■! 



Walla Walla 






"iMii -4. 


•arload of Winesaps 

■ 1 Even one of 

Tl 9 rarlml ^ 



)ie of the very best Imid still unirrieated than 
niltivation in the Yakima Valley, and its devel- 
ppnri mainly upon the feasibility of storing the 
rd .Inriiiu two or two and a half months when 

:iiiy crop can be grown that is 
•. and many of the tenderer fruits, 
apes, etc.. which rc(|uirc the most 

it will suffice to state that last year the returns from 40,000 
acres of irrigated land had a value of $2,000,000, or $50 per 
acre. The Yakima apples have won a high reputation in the 
markets of the east and abroad, and this product alone has 
given to the lands adapted to this crop a value as high as the 
choicest orange lands in California. 

"The wide variety of crops produced in this section, many 
of which are high priced, the favorable climate and the fertile 
soil, predicate a compact agricultural community possessing 
the advantages of both rural and urban life." — C. J. Blanch- 
ard, Statistician U. S. Reclamation Service in Paciiie Monthly 
for May. 

Lips the markets are such as i 
tally profitable."— From Ptiblic; 
it of Agriculture, entitled, "Irr 

no richer body ol agricultural land of similar area can be 
found anywhere in the world. When the present plans of the 
government are fully worked out and the reclaimed areas are 
brought to the proper state of cultivation, the crop returns 
from the valley will place it in the front ranks among the 
agricultural districts of the worid. That this is no idle boast. 


lu:i,l .,1 unit to transport — is it any wonder that in the lead- 
ing unit valley of the Northwest the great transcontinental 
railruads are now fighting for every strategic point in their 
rush to the Coast? Already the North Coast and the Mil- 
waukee have secured right of way and are building. Soon 
we will have three transcontinental railways. How different 
from the "one-railroad" fruit belt of California! Soon, with 
the railroads now actually building in our valley, we can 
reach almost all of the big cities of the United States with a 
single freight rate. 


During the panic of 1907 the Yal 
equipped with their own money se 
trie railroad. This line is being < 
the value of adjacent property. 

ima people constructed and 
eral miles of splendid elec- 
itended, greatly increasing 
rhe plan is to extend the 

1 the hands of the home 

111 the roid independent 

111 t hit it may be a feeder 

11 nn eiuil teim^ With electric railroads 

seems certvin \akima already an ideal com- 

wajs will expand with scarceh an\ lim- 

Situated midway between Spokane on the Northeast, Port- 
land on the Southwest and Taeoma and Seattle on the North- 
west, the Yakima Valley is in the midst of splendid home 
markets. It is the magnificent garden, not only of the cities 
of the coast, but of the unrivalled mining districts of the 
Rockies in Montana and Idaho, of the Cascades in Washing- 

ton and British Columbia, and of Alaska. Bu 
The Orient, with its hundreds of millions 
catching step with the great world of comme..,, .- 
the West, asking for our trade, especially wantin<^^ 
\Vhen once the hundreds of millions of " Asia gef 
^ akima fruits the demand cannot be supplied 

ikening an 
3 looking t 

In regard to yield of peaches 

1 1907, 

season shipped ovt 
fully in, but they 
making probably 
$700 net. This is 
acre. I sold culls i 
expenses for the en 

l"'iit 4.-.II tires, planted in in04. I have this 
I- :j:ii)ii boxes of peaches. Returns are not 

were sold at 75 cents to .$1.00 per box, 
f3000 gross receipts, and approximately 

from three acres of trees at 150 to the 
-t the cannery for enough to cover hauling 
tire crop. A. T. RICHARDSON. " 


e looking at a typical 
The irrigation water is conveyed in 
from the main lateral. Similar pipe lii 
all portions of the valley. They are inexpensive, 
water, provide power and beautify the homes. '"' 
of these foiratains in one small neighborhood 


Vakinia Count}' home. to be constructed. This 

possible in nearly 

be constructed. This is a country wlu 
pe gardening means increased revenue 
,x nature to surround his home with hei 

re beauty in li 
choicest gifts, 

Grapes on all the hillsides find their ideal home m laKima 
'here they are free from disease. In the lower portions ol 
ley European grapes are raised successfully. As unfer 
1 grape juice is now the healthful and nutritious pop- 



ular drink- many carloads being shipped into the Northwest 
to supply the demand, the question is suggested why not 

"eM ^o'abrdStfyV""'- "^"''^"^ ^^ ""^ ^'^'^ ^"^ ^^^ 

e beautiful mountain scenes in the .S' 
my of which all Yakima County citizens can 
see on a day's automobile drive to Bumping Lake, one of the 
beautiful lakes in the western part of the county, to which the 
Reclamation Service has constructed an excellent wagon road. 
Bumping Lake is at an elevation of 3435 feet and covers 1200 


tzerland Three houis l.\ m 

where an immense dam to hold 34,000 acre-^ 
constructed, to store water to supplement the nat 
the Yakima river during August and September. 

flow of 

who would find sum 
would transfer then 
Yakima country 

to the most delightful lake and 

t of the Cascades, where scenic 

itiiMil Pirk Six houis' travel 

ter breezes and restful 

1 uncongenial surround- 

iiies for then children, 

I 1 iinblems solved if they 

- ml iiiei_'\ to this \\onderful 

\l L \1!LL Ml 

Valuable Mineral in Great 

Anthracite Coal 
I Xorth \akima, in Vakiiiia Comity, lies 
1 1 oal distnct, pronounced by I. S. Knight, 
It inn m the east, to be one of the most 
oal helds in imeriea. Coal deposiis 
1 on some forty quarter sections v hich 

• ated upon and proved up. 

I No rich in this region and the Ivanhoe 

iiiiipally capitalized by North Vakima 

in /inc claims on which it is doing devel- 

iiieious ledges of gold, silver and copper 

been found in the country around Bump- 

ich are still undeveloped owing to remote- 

tation Asbestos is found in the Tieton 

many uon <leposits. Immense bodies of 

here and the low, bai e hills furnish a good giade 

k for quarrying The native stone has been 

" "' T building operations in the vallev. 


r tor domestic use comes, in large part, fn 
lieanis and is of excellent quality. In varic 
? \ alley good water is obtained from wells at 
m t^ventj to two hundred and fifty feet. 
■onditions characteristic of the Xorthwest, where t 
is notably less than in other parts of the couiii 
the Yakima Valley. 



trout, the swamps 

pools and lakes witli wild fowl in s 

eason. the uplands with 


pheasant, sagehen. jirairie chicken 

and other native birds 

to be 
bv la 

and the sagebrush wastes with 

coyotes and rabbit=. 

Hungarian partridges, Chinese pheasa 

its and quail have been 

the c 

When I arrived here in August, IflOO, and paid my hotel 
bill, I had left just $4.31 to start out on. By Christmas I 
had saved enough to make a small cash payment on my ten 
acres of raw land. Before the end of five years my place 
had more than paid for itself. 

Last year the gross income from four acres, just beginning 
to bear" was $2,124.98. 

Nothing less than $15,000 would induce me to let go of 
mv place. The Yakima Valley is good enough for me. 


ge numbers and are thining Oiouse aie also 
be found The fall flight of ducks and geese fills all the 
vith these waterfowl, and the bag limit fixed 
[h obt lined Hon deei and the laige game ot 
ire to be found in " 

Irrigation iiic:ins intensified farming. Intensified farming 

im.T Viillfv .lci"'niU U|miii the persistent and intellii;pnt ob- 
servation of ccitain coiulitions. "Gold grows on trees" here, 
but there be the right kind of a man behind the trees. 
The successful fruit grower is a specialist. The conditions 

Yakima County Schools 

Nowhere in the country are to be found betters schools. In 

orth Yakima the school course has all the up-to-date fcat- 

,f the eastern city sdicol. from the kindergarten to 

:I:;:',M, ':;»;" 

mJ. .iliK 1 Willi.- Xurth Yakima is the 

n iIh. ^t.,t.' Ill si/r It ninks fifth in school at- 

ipenish built an $18.I11H» school last year and has 

just let the c 

ntract for another to duplicate it. Wapato has 

within a few 

weeks bonded itself for $30,000 for a school 

buildincf. The 

ntific detail in matters of heating and ventila- 

le character of the people who pay the taxes. 

kinui high school, one of the most complete in 

. cost $120,000.00. 

.■.irued me during the last three mmis, I will -,ay, my farn 

,11 res, which we occupy by buildiiiys, Aanls. r{r.. has nettei 
iiic over ten per cent per annum on a $3',OU0 valuation per acre 
1 liave eighty Rome Beauty apple trees that will bring mf 
.'s-.i.'iOO this year. 

I have no hestitancy in saying that $2,000 is a conservativt 
valuation for an acre in a full bearing orchard in the Yakima 
Valley above the frost line. \V. L. WRIOHT. 

^ \Knr\ coijNi\ (Othihou 

Young Men's Christian Association Building Costing $80,000— Three Stone Churches 
From $30,000 to $50,000 Each 

I'he^e, Yakima buildings ii Vakiniii Cuunty is on an enduring basis. They are evidence of tlie faith of t 
I the future of the Yakima Valley. Why try uncertainties? 

It Beats the World 


HEN Nature distributed her gilts si 
slie put so many of the good thing 
all around the world. 

The source of this valley is in the 
Cascade range where theie are 
snou Lipped niountain-> beiutitul 
lakes dense lorests of timbei M-^t 
depo'iits of coal and -valuable mm 
erals From the lakes nestling hi^h 
above the valley comes the watei 
suppU to irrigate the lands that 
aie now being reclaimed tioii sage 
brush desert and turned nto b u 
tiful farms orchards ind o-iulens 
These waters come ri] i liii i ii i 
and plunging dt xmi 1 1 
toward the Coluiiil i 
destined to be a i 
sufluient power to turn tl i i i 

its millions of homes We ln\e n 1 

ire cases and m small measure but we h i\ 
of the posibilities and the lest i-) simph 

a the n 

tount.ains of the streams tributary to tne ini n i ^ i n n 

furnish the water su])ply for irrigation; irri^iti 
;ng possible: intensive farndng produces large ] i 

land; large profits on small areas of land nnl i i \\ lil I 1 i 

population practical. That which is possible is artualh comin. t pi's 
for our well-developed country districts are so thickly populated that the-v 
look almost like the surburban portions of the city 

The density of the population makes possible a high grade of publi 
provements. Where a family can make as much mone_^ on will 
five Ill-res of land as the average family of the United States ilies 


You are leaving the rainbelt with its rigorous climate, 
floods, drouths, tornadoes, crop failures and uncertainties, and 
seeking certainties. Hundreds of new and untried projects. 
with uncertain water rights, untried soil, undemonstrated 
fruit possibilties. unknown frost areas, are inviting you to 
east your lot with them. The mistake may be your life mis- 
take. Choose a water-right guaranteed by the tjnited States 
government. Choose a fruit belt tested by many years, 
where the frost areas are well defined and known; where 
every kind of agriculture pays; where many have made for- 
tunes in ten years; where everybody is making money; where 
crop failures are unknown. 

Select a Country With a Future. 

Do not forget, in selecting a location, that a large fruit val- 
ley with diversified agriculture (and all the fruit valleys of 
the Northwest would not fill a corner of the Yakima Valley) 
means better markets, better prices, better transportation, 
larger cities, better schools, churches, Y. M. C. A.'s, more elec- 
tric railroads and a more important community. Select the 
largest and best, for there the opportunity is the greatest. 
Yakima Valley Citizens. 

The people of Y'akima are in the main the alert, educated, 
venturesome, progressive, daring sons and daughters of the 
middle west, north and south — typical Americans. A large 
per cent, are college educated. They left the home nest, buoy- 
ant, optimistic and confident of winning a fortune in the Far 
West. Many of them have in a decade won fortunes they 
scarcely dreamed of. All are confident. Nor are they selfish 
and miserly in their victories. They are public spirited, build- 
ing magnificent churches and Y. M. C. A. buildings, combining 
in civic federation clubs and commercial clubs, inspired with 
motives to place the Yakima Valley at the front in character 
and progress. 

The Pacific in the Line of Greatest Commercial Development. 
When tlje Panama Canal is completed the cities of the Pa- 
cific will outstrip those of the Atlantic. Our apples will be 
exported from the cities of the west coast to every market 
of the world. He who has his ear to the ground already hears 
the rumble of a mighty westward commerce. With the devel- 
opment by the government of the great arid regions of the 
Northwest (and the arid regions produce fruits far excelling 
in long shipping qualities those of the rainbelt) ; with the 
completion of the Panama Canal, connecting the west coast 
by water with the markets of the world; with the mighty 
awakening of Asia; with the wonderful development in 
Alaska, it is not hard to see that for the next generation at 
least, the world's great progress will be on the Pacific in the 
Great Northwest. Why not, then, get in line with this 
greatest development ? 

Milton Skinner of Sunnyside, last season, harvested 14 acres 
of oats that made 117 bushels per acre, a total of 2.5 tons, 
which he sold for $26 per ton, making a total of 

Oats .$050.00 

•25 tons straw at $2 per ton 50.00 

Fall pasture, 14 acres at $2 per acre 28.00 

Total $728.00 

Making an avreage of $52 per acre, receipts. 

North Yakima, Wash.. March 10, 1908. 

In addition to the government projects, there are several 
corporate enterprises at work on canal systems which will 
add 12,000 to 15.000 acres to the irrigated area. 

The total mileage of all main laterals in Y'akiraa county, 
now in operation and soon to be completed, is considerably in 
excess of 500 miles. 

Yakima Indian 

OHice at Washington indicate that the opening 
of the Reservation will not occur before 1011 
No registration will be held. The available 
lands will consist almost entirely of grazing 
lands. Entry upon these lands can be made 
in the usual manner, the opening coming undei 
the provisions of the Homestead law. Valu- 
able allotted lands will be for sale after the 
Reservation is opened. 

The Yakima Valley has a developed artesian 
flow of water in the Moxee district, where 
several thousand acres are irrigated from 
(lowing wells. This area is likely to be ex 

Tlic |)ro-.|.(rt ini fruit of all kinds for lue 
year luln i^ . scOlcnt. It is estimated tha 
till- ^lii|iiM(ni- \vill reach 4,500 carloads iron 
the ^;lkil, :i \-;illry. 

In most sections where men live and woik. ; 
home of one's own, like a rented house, is i 
matter of expense, and must be included ii 
the annual bill of expenses. Here, a home ma; 
be ideal in its appointments and yet, at tin 
same time, may represent the most profitabli 
sort of investment. It may be made a s 
of revenue instead of an expense, paying 
ten per cent, net upward annually or 
entire amount of capital invested. 


Not only has Yakima County a diversified agriculture and 
the most extensive orchard area as a basis of wealth. It has 
an immense lumber manufacturing plant, as can be seen from 
the pictures on the opposite page. In addition to the alfalfa 
meal mills, mentioned elsewhere, there are canneries at the 
import int fruit centeis cement block brick and tile factoiies 
it se^el1l plates in 1 there is room foi moie manufactuiinj; 

Ihe Ciscal I I I II 1 

piat\ 120 U( 1 I 1 I 1 

and light at reasonable cost, and furnishing power for the im- 
mense pumping plants for the Kennewick Highlands. With 
the electric lights, power by pressing a button, country tele- 
phones everywhere, rural free delivery bringing the two daily 
papers of Yakima County to the ranch homes daily, who will 
say Yakima County citizens are not highly favored? 

Tl s ■! 
fl tile 


1 I 11 

_i\ I 11 rt $4^0 000 adds mu h to the \\e-\lt' 
pent 1 Yakimi Count\ The total numl et i n emj \el 
IS 4j(l includmg logging crew The annuel lo„ d'-nt down tl e 
Y ikim-i River is tn interesting sight In the log jam a mile 
n length -is seen on the opi Ob te page aie twentj mill on feet 


There ar 

in the mountain torrents of Yakima county 
capital. The Northwest Light i W'at.r r,i,ii 

Yakima by which the city of'x.ntl, >;ikn,,;. 

to Kennewick, at the mouth of the Yakima r; 
the towns and cities and ranch houses on the v 


housands of horsepower still unharnessed 


I Count\ his a C ood Roads Club fullv alive to the 

of good roads Already sample Macadam roads have 

itrueted in \ariou3 parts of the valley under State 

m The '^tite has secured a site in the Y'akima Val- 

tl lountain of the best road material so 

i n railroad ears by gravity. On this 

shing plant is being established, the 

I I \ the State convicts in crushing rock 

I ll pirt of the State 


Somewheie between i I 11 1 tl U'^and descriptive 
wuteis fioin various j 1 lave attempted in 

1 in high sounding 

1 \ ith Yakima. Thev 
the maivel.mb ti.insiti.m tiom a wind and sand 
to a beautiful and progressive city with paved 

'inent both in public and private affairs that go 
IP ideal home city. 

ly true that all of the best writers about Nortli 
e past six or eight years have told the story in 
11? way. Y'et, as a matter of fact, although the 
that would charm the imagination of the ro- 
"eally best and most satisfactory way in which 

to learn how North Yakima was built from the sage brush 
to a modern city of paved streets, electric lights, street cars, 
theaters, etc., is to go there j'ourself and spend a week ur two 
visiting the city. 

Located in Rich Valley. 

North Yakima takes its name, as does the Vakima \alley 
from the river of that name, which heads in glacier-fed lakes 
in the Cascade Mountains and flows eastward to the Columbia 
for a distance of 200 miles through a district of marvelous 
fruit growing and agricultural possibilities. The citizens of 
North Yakima boast of the soil of the Yakima Valley as in- 
comparable, and they say the same thing about their climate 
— three hundred days of sunshine every year — while the water 
supply is as good as either of the other assets. The residents 
of North Yakima, in discussing the well-nigh unprecedented 
development of the district in the past few years, point to 
the fact that farming and fruit growing in the Y'akima Valley 
ceased to be an e.\periment years ago. and that the marvel- 
ously rich proceeds from these resources every year is a mat- 
ter of established record. 

Frequently people living out West write Dack to the old 
folks at home. In fact, it happens every day, and from the 
East and Middle West come thousands of letters annually 
asking for information and facts concerning North Vakiinn 
and the Yakima Valley. The citizens of North Yakima hav- 
always been willing to let the world know how superbly sit 
uated is that city, how beautiful is the surrnunding country 
and how great are the opportunities to be round there. They 
point out that in the first place a man coming to North Yakima 
lands in a well developed community, with railroads, electric 
lines, churches, schools and all the elements of up-to-date 

Such a stranger, on planting himself squarely on a busy 
corner in a busy district, would gaze on modern brick diid 
stone buildings, on well-laid brick pavements and concrot? 
walks, with street cars handling local and interurban tra*ti ■. 
and with plenty of automobiles to give the scene just the fin 

Raw Lands Not High. 

Yet, in spite of all these attractions, undeveloped lands are 
no higher here than in other districts of the Northwest which 
are absolutely new and raw, and which are yet to go through 
the transformation which follows the long and patient applica- 
tion of hard work by pioneers. 

It is a striking thing to note at this p«ace that the new 
comer cannot settle in the Y'akima Valley on irrigable land 
and get farther away than four miles from a railroad or a 

This last statement in a word furnishes the kej'note to one 
of the most surpassing of Yakima's charms to the man from 
the East or Middle West seeking a new home in a mild climate 
— a cheerful climate with plenty of sunshine, mild winters, 
fertile lands and equally important, the social life that cannot 
be found in any of the wheat, corn or stock raising states of 
the East or Middle West. 

In -i 

1 a tei 

ic if he 
-; daily 

ITS ilinpped on his front porch ami -■> nl-. 
1. In addition there are electric lifjliij. an. 
abundance of cold, pure water taken from the Naches 
which springs from the eternal snow fields of the Cas- 



As may be supposed, the people of North Yakima are en- 
tirely typical of the new generation. They are strictly mod- 
ern in everything they undertake, both in public and private 
affairs. In public affairs tlicy were satisfied with nothing less 
than the very best of vitrified l.ri.k pavements for the busi- 
ness district, and f!ir\ .nc u,.^y [nvparing to add several miles 
of well-laid nsphall pininj hn I lir residential districts, while 
a lartre s>mi has 1" rn ].|,.Il.",| i,,i the construction ot good .cading into tlip ri(y frn,,, the surrounding valleys. 
These will be put into shape not (miy for ordinary team traf- 
fic, but also for automobiles -(Seattle Times.) 

Per capita bank deposits in ^ ikim i ( iuiu> will avi-iaf;i-- 
over $125 They aie now $26j pt i capita in Xurth Yakinui. 
Everybody has money to bank and everybody banks it, witli 
the result that IS'^orth Yakima, with 15,000 people, supports 
live banks. Sunnyside has two, Toppenish has two, Mabton 
, and Granger. Grandview, Wapato, Outlook ' "" 

1 have each a local depository for their s 


c on the loll ut honor published by the 
w York Cit\ Total deposits in the five 
inks are at present $5,000,000. North Yak 
ni; how^e assocution clearin<rs for lune. 

statement of the Value of Produi 
Year v 

Apples and other fruits 

Potatoes and other vpfictulilcs 

Grain crops 

Hay crops 

Live stock and wool 

Nursery stocks 

Cannery products 

Dairy and poultry products . . . 
Manufactured products 

s of Yakima County for the Alfalfa 

Total value of products 

Popoulation of county, 42,000. 
Per capita production, $241.00. 

Average yield per acre — 

I U.S. 

Potatoes on alfalfa land 

Timothy, first cutting 'Three tons 

Timothy and clover, second cutting Two tons 

Alfalfa, three cuttings Seven tons 

(With from two to six weeks pastures.) 
Fruits vary according to age and variety of trees: 

Berries, from $200 to .$700 per acre 

Apples, 70 trees per acre 500 to 2000 boxes 

Pears, 100 trees per acre 200 to 1000 boxes 

Peaches. 100 trees per acre 200 to 1000 boxes 

Apricots. 120 trees per acre ...^ 200 to 2000 boxes 

Cherries 100 to 1000 lbs. per tree 

Grapes from .$200 to $800 per acre 

Average Prices. 

Hops from 10c to 30c per lb. 

Potatoes from $12 to .$25 per ton 

Timothv from $12 to $19 per ton 

TimothV ,m.l clover .$n.00 to $11 per ton 

• per box 

• per box 

Q Work in Yakima County Now in Progress 

Is being still further improve 
d several thousand acres addi 
brought under cultivation. 
imber miles main canal . . . 
imber miles main laterals 
imber acres irrigated .... 

cost $I..")00,000 

Number miles main canal 12 

(With three main laterals of a combined 
length of about i't miles.) 

Number acres to be irrigted .$34,000 

Total cost when coni|iletecl lestiiiKitedl $l.S00,n00 





,^ NOV 91