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Full text of "Yantra kosha; or, A treasury of the musical instruments of ancient and of ..."

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TANTRAEOSHi 



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A TEBASUEY OF THE MUSICAL INSTRITMENTS 
OF ANCIENT AND OF MODEEN INDIA, 
AND OF VARIOUS OTHBE 
COUNTRIES. 



BY 



SOURINDRO MOHOTIAGORE, 



president, Bengal Mutio Sthool. 




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1875 



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PRINTED & t>UBLISHED BY AUBHOY CHURUN GHOSE. 

BfAPHTlSTHA FbXSS, No, 30, COBKWALLIS StBSST. CALCUTTA. 

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I - - - -l—- -■_ . . 1 ^ T I- ' - I 

f:rf^ ^^^ ««f=f-'#^ ( *tt^>IT '®t^ ^^|C4>" ^«^ 

<4^^tf^ n5^jr {'^U'^ ^^trr ^rWc^ ^^Trtf^ ^^) ^^?. 
<5^^^ff«r^ ^fiili^^c^ '^^ti-f^f^^' (ii^ ^<s c^itf^^ 

C^Tt^^rt^ ( f^ ^NtTT ^^^ *ll5Q <pc^ ) ^tci, «(^ 

'«rrf^ ^?«i-w?(j ^Q? «i?*ttr^« ^tiT ^^ ''mtf^ 
^^^ f=(^f%f^ f^^ ^«fl f^ «itt7:^ I ^««n— 







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^^, ^5^% "QIFS <^% f^-wt^-ft*tt? fsi«t?:«j 

w^ "Stw^ ^t:^ I lii^ ^i^;^ f^rc^ ^(eTti:^!^^?:'^!^, 
^?rti^ c^, ^^ir ''(^ <2ttc^ ^5[tT<pr 'i^-ft*ft^ 



J— 5-«-^;ii;;-"^«~""~-T— — ■— ^— — "^"^"^'•"•■••^••^^"^•■"""■^""'""■^"■^^^"■^""^"•"""■•''■''^"■""'""'""^•^^ 



18 ^C^tf I 



3!^^T1 :^ I 



I W » I 



^^-Tt^-^ ^B5%-^ett?l^ ^^Tf^C^fSft^, <^^- 

c^ ^t^^ -^^^ Tt^f^f^« ^'iTfl 5ftr^ 4^?. *ff^- 
#t^?p. ^k^, i^^-^t^ri:<f^ ^w^^tft ^t^^ #t^^ ^N^?t 

>f?.T:?tf^^ ^f%f^ ^c?r^^ '^j? ^5 ^#tm^ >i?.^^ 

f?c^ ^TT I <ii't ^^r^ ^tf^ ^^\^ ^ti:^ ^sN^r ^^^ 
^{^ ^#^ ^^cw ^n:i?r f?c^ <2t'<t^ ^fc^^ %f- 




^«« 'sfW^ f^f^^ ^^ ^t^tij «Rf^^ ^^-■^t^ 
c'tt^tfi^'^^ri '5r?-^t^^^ «f«2R <2r^^ ^^^r?^ I 



^^^ ^o I 



^«R1 «ft^tf^ ^^ c^t^ *t^fT:<if ^ ^^ f¥^ '2t^t? 







^^^ ^% i 



w^ ^^c?t%ir ^t^^5(-^c^?r ^, <ii^?. %-^ vf>Q, 
^5(f% -sft^J^, "^f^^ ^ ^55% <ii^ f?if^«( ^^ f^95n:«i 



^^^J1 ^< I 






-r»« 






•«(t<tt ^ ^5T.4*tt^ <^^^ 'Tftftlf^ ^55%?l ^Sf^^f I 

^^ *(^^ ^^?r5i f% T^, f% ^55<!t ^^uf ?[ ^^^ 



TfV^Jl ^« I 






F5 ^*f ?r ^ ««fMWl% 



^^t^ I '^ 1 






^f^^ 'ROT ^«rJT ^^ ^^-fB^-f^f^ ^t^^tc^ 

^wW? *r«^i:^ 'tflR?:^ ^f^ ^«fnr^%t« ^t%l 

^tf^ >rtf^^t ^n^t^ ^f^?rl '2ttc^5( I i[^^OT^ c^^ 
^ttf^r ^t?^l c^w^ «rtf%T:^ c?^ ^ 1 ^^^^wT:*t 



^•mm^mm,^1i ■ > 11^11—^.^—.— 



'5^'"'**'^ •»* 



.€tt?i^ F^^'*! f^T^^-^s^-fsjf^ ^'IttI 5itT:^ (ii^?, c>rt 

^2 wnf^ ^<2:<^(i- "^^s^^ -^r^ f^"^?n:vn?«t^ ^^ ^n:^ 

^tffsr ^sprc^ (ii^ ^1 ^^ c^V^l ^ni^f^ ^^ ^, 
t^ (?rfhr c^Tt^ ^'«rt?r f^?ri ^>Tf% ^f^iti:^, ^t^tw? 

^ ^^ ^t^i^^ ^<r«. c^H^rl cW'STTl ^ff%^ '^^N ^ 

^?rl ^^ -^f^^ cwf^iw *tt^Trl ^ti 1 1 w%*l ^^t^ 



J 



* An Introduction to the study of the Egyptian Hieroglyphs, by Samuel Birch, 
London, 1857, P. 225. 

t Nineveh and its Palaces, by J. Bonomi, London, 1853,P. 231. 



h I I 



■ - ■ ■ ■ ■■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ -»..., •■- . ■■-■■. 

Tr#5 -sf^tir ^5t^t^ ^tf«r<^^ ^^ ^n:;^ fro *W?r 
^f^ •sfr:^ <2(«m ^^ ^^^b ^^^«!ttf^^ f^r^r 

^tf^?rH ^^ ^^^ ^t^'T^ srtf^Tfi M^'Q iw 
c^ (<i?F f^«r ft*t1 'srsfirs fl^T, c^«( ^ " ^f^^t^ " 



• Stuttgart, 1857, p. 2i27. 



CO 

^^ I 
'srf^^wc^r fHt<t>lc>i¥t\ ^T^ (TT ^tyss't f^^^nt^ Ttft^- 

"»t^o^fr*n" ^^ ^^ -2t?t^ ^^51 1 ^^5:^(:5f ^f^tss 

• »i1f«i1% ffir? I^^^finr tr? -ai^o. ^rj:^ ^iir? irtfV »n5 ^tj •t':^ 
^«.^i»r 'it'^fijfnt'f TJirV HHf srtTt^ Ttwi ?t5f^ ^.r?sT c^if »rnr!i^ ^trs- 



8 ». ■^ISC'P'h' I 

fii:?I#^ (Velleteau) fspt^vn:*!! ^»\^ 'mt^f 

^5rJTirf5(f^« ^t^:C^^^'?tl ^"tC^ ^(?n?«t ^t^\ f^TTl 
c^T TtiT ^^iT srtw <stt^ ^^c^ «^«t1 ^ci"tf!FP src^, c^c^ 

f?^«f 1%^ 1%^ cin«t f^^ fan? srtc^ ««rfit^ ^^1 its f^ sri ^ 



f^'T^wr'r't ¥ti^^ «f5t'T ^s,9f^ ^ I f^Tftt^r -^t^wi 
bf^'r ^^ <t#, -sr^ c^t^ ^^ c^^2. a5( ^ 

TT^ (*i^ ^tdy^ ^tr^ni mh:^ 7T?.'5rf^^ 'tti:^ i 
^t^ f%T:cTi^^ ^»rt7;^T^ 1^^^ *3i:^-^'?r« 

^^tt^^ I ^^^% ^t^jc^ F%«r^ <^l«ic^ ^fk*f 

c^^ ^NsjtTiJT-"ft*ti, c^t^^rtTT ^t^^ ^r^'^ CTtw^rl 
•f%5( *r^ ^t^t^*t ^^>T? ^t;^ <ltc^i '5i'^j<it€t 



»8 "^^C^t^ I 

c^t*t, w*t5T, fwH f^, ^^ <2f^% *rti:^ ^^ttI, 

c^t^ c^t^T ^2.i*r *r%1t^ ^^ ^i^n4.<h< ^t5^t? 
Mr 'srti ^^ ^, -sf^ -srtrr <ii^ ^ ^^^k c^^c ^ ^ 

^t?rft?r ^^li^Tsf ^t?r^1% fspi^, ^t?^ <2|^ a^ 

^f^ C^«t^^f^f*t^ ^^ ^r??^ Ftfil^ 5tf?f^ ??f%¥l 




»« ^ 1 >l »l I H 



^1^=1 f 84 

i ^ v9 8 (t * <» b* :!> So ij 1^ i^o i8 ie i^ i^ iV i:^ ^o^^i ^^ 

o o e o o 



»«»ti>i»i«)H>iiiii»i»i 



>« ^ 1 >l 1 I H 



1 «( H 



Wf^ ^^^^ 1^ ^c?, ^^ ^it^ ^^ -^^fc^ 
^<i<i>tJltN!) ^?t?t? 'f'^'r ^^?:^ ^M^ ^ ^'^r¥? *t«^'r 

ci)\5^T(t® ^¥ Q^dB cil«T ^fiT f% (Edward F. Rimbault 

L.L.D. ) >iR<<ifNj) f^i*i^t(3i^ ^f%^t^R^^<^ ^str:^ 

^'^ t (Psaltery) ^fW f^^N^ f|^ I ak^f%f^ ^C^^, 
^fwl ^^TO ^tr?5r I 



8h tKgciFtjr. I 

^snjfir ¥)^^ *£i?^ ^^rr3 ^:^K6r vstr ««^^ c^"^? ^n? finrl ^^t"^ 

^OT?^a^i?>r.^ ^^^f^f^o f^'^f^nr ^f?^T^ ^f?^ ^?1 ^^"1- 
^trt? ?^f^ f^^ I itfso ^^^ ^r^ ^t?rr<s^ ^i^ir c^^srfV? ?t^^^t^^ ^"^^^ 

^t^rvstj-TTtc^?" ^1^ ^P5 ^c^^ *£i^ i£i??6t ^^ :^r^ ^^-^tf^ ^t1%^ I 
^f^^ 5ft? T:^;r cWt^ ^^^ vSTf ^1"? ^>ii^?t^ ^ft-pnrt^r ?-c^^, ^^r - 
f^tj 5ff?r^5r cifc»r ^Tt^7:<rt^'' s^r^r ^^rft^f^cn ^t^i^rf^'-^^ 

^tf-^;^ »rr^j ^^ ^^^^^ *f^^v5 ^^r^c^ ^«tl— '**r^^t«« 5ft^^f^ 




^tf%^ I f^t? c^^^^ >it^:^ ^c«F, f^^^K ^^ ^^^ 

IFtt%1%f^ftini (Clavicytherium or Keyedcithani) ^^1 7f^- 



• iFtf^^f^ ^Tt 3Ftf%fiTittf??nr 4^ ir^ ^c^? tctKr cvnufei ^rar 
TTtfT ^r^r^ ^3c^? ^n^ I '^f^^ cm c^^ ^t^cT? ^^^ iFt1%^^P^l 

J Some authors have supposed that the name of this instrument was intended 
to convey a compliment to Queen Elezabeth — the " Virgin Queen " ; but what 
we have just stated shows that the Virginal was known anterior to the date of 
lier birth. Dr Johnson suggests that the instriunent was so called "because 
played upon chiefly by young ladies." 



^f^^5f ^^^v( ^^21^ '(^tH?rt^n:¥t^ ^;^ ^(mf 

■^^Ijrf^ (Signer Bartilommeo christophali) (^^ftx^f^ •ft^f- 

•s^^^ -sf^vs ?r:^^ I ^<^^^ 'sr.s ^r^ ^^rt^ "^K^ 

Wt*l ^^%1 "^UifV^ '^f^^ ^^q I (i|^ ^9^ ^- 

c^i f^^«t f^c^t^ ^^r^^ ^f^^tr^ cF^j ^i:^ 
«Ttf^c«T5( I ^5iR:«r^ (^ ^5^^ ^^ "^sf^ "^tf fe f*t¥t^- 
Wtf ^1 <^^^ ^^^ ^^i^ %tf^t^ ^f^'h:^ I 



cTft^? isrf^ar'l ^1%?rl fsTfitJ ^t?rtr^ i Trf^tJrsrtJT ^isrsr, 'The sound-ng- 

boai-ds are the muscles ; the crosa bars the bones ; "and the strings the organs 
of speech ". But what is more valuable, he adds, "the spinet had ordinarily 
forty-nine Strugs of which the lower thirty were made of cotton, because that 
was strongest- and deepest, and the higher ones, rineteen in number, were of 
steel and !-on # # ». There were but six or seveu sizes of strings; but 
if the spmet were made in real perfection, there would be strings of different sizes 
snted purposely to every note. Even in the length of string the mokers are 
careless, and eveiything depends upon the tention. " 



#*" 



•^^"^^ 1 1 1 ■ I — 1. 1 - 1 , , , ■ ■ ■ ■ - 1 1 < I 

^m ^ ^^^^ '^nf^s ^^ ^sff^rto <M*\ ^% ^t^ 

■^^^ "ilR^el (Tl^Wt ^^ '^t^ ^*W t^Hfi^vJ)?! 

'^tr^i '?ti:^ <2ti5f^ '^\^ i 'stt^r^ ^tf^f, ^5nr;r^ ^^m^ 

'^t^ (^^ f^iS^ <2tf%^«t ^ ^^ I "^^K ^ ^ 

^;^©5{ ^f^i c^^ <s^'^ "^fws <itf?n:^ ^ i 
CT ^ f^^? Tt^, 'Sft?^ ^ *ft^ir <2t^ cw^ ^t^ 
^^RTl "sr^f^— ^rt^ ^5f^in:«i ^5R7?«n:? ^tet% 



«\^w\A^^v%^^ 



•^■••-^•M 



«:• "^C^t^ * 



f^^ ^^ I 



(£1^5, ^ w-^jfe ^t^^?r -sf^rr^T m^QH ^tiR^ ^^ ^«(j 
^^^ ^f^Trt 1tr«n:^ 15?, ^<t«. -st^^T^i^©^ ^ f^ 

^i;^ I f^ «r«ft^ ^^^ ^ fi^ f^H^ ^t^^lt^^rhrt? 
?i:^'a ^ f^ f^[fH^ 'st^ ^*tl^l«j ^^w '^^ ^rt^ 
fro «2t?f»(^ ^"^(.Nst^ I ^^^— 





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^«W^^ ^|v|kx4i' «^i«rl^Cvi) ^ <s:^K ^N ^77^. ^5^;tf J^ 

^^ CTt*t^^^ iT^^ ^jfk^ «lt^:^ I <2W?% ftttr:^ 
f^ f^rf^f^ f^nrw ^^^ *il4>c«ii *it^Qq*i'^ ^ 




nn ^ 



l__t__^^U_lAJLJL!I_!Ll_!.'' 



1^^^ I 






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<^^ ^rc^ ^^ ^^ c^^ ^^t? ^t«.*r% ^% CT, 
7TO:?r W^ w?:^?f W ^ % '^ c^^ fro Ttwi, f^i?^ 



'f^.tri ^^ I 



^fr«n I 



''i^Tt^fjff^^ (ii^;. w^tf^ ^Rf»t^ ^5RiR ^w ^Fh:^ I 



cTt-5v r tt« 






8 







Tn'^jI ^ 1 1 



«V^<lW«^/vVN/« 



C^P?f I 




^ ^ms^ >iKlwi ?^f^wl ^tf^ «(fwl wf^«i ^?:^^ 




c^^*m I ^t^ >t^ c'TtF^r ■<i<^iti -^t:^, tt^t^ 
TROT ^M^ni<i> -^^^tf^r^ ^T^r^t^^ ^tfw^ ^c^ <5¥ 

(ii^?ri ^f^^ c^^f ^ ^ I c^n:^ ^^ti:^ ^*f? 



«vvvw >/w^/^<«« 






«v\AAywv^A^< 



<ii-^2, ?^^ -^tr^ ny^t:^ ^^ ^id ^¥ I wc^? 

^^v»lCM ^^ *tta ^'t ^^ ^Pto Ftfil^ #t^PF cfl^s. 

^ Ftf?^ <fle1 14 Ftt% ^tfl "«^ ^t.m ^^"^ I T'Q- 






C^I^^T » 



ftft 



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^ I ^^ ^*t^f% ^5^ *^tt'^ *tf^/ ^'^Jl ^f5^ I 

^1 ^«t1— 




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^tc^^fwc^ ^i:^^ =^1:^? Tjf^xs ^^f^ s<^ (^1:^9^ 
>t»ii^« Wrs ^^ ^tir c^, Wt '^^pq f\fm ^n- 



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,i.m^Ultl 



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4* 'itac^t^ I 






rt^nnr" 






7[%i^] ^i> I 



f^«( ^n:;!^ f5i«tc*i ^^ ^«,*tf% i ^^ ^n:^ ^'f^ 
^^^s^t°N^ ^ti#t^ 5^ '^'^N w^tt ^srfw^ c^r^^i 



^^1 ^srf^^s^ \k}(,^ f«tSi:^ 'tt'^v*!^^'! AiAdi^b 

wftf*i ^?:^ ^ *f^^%l T^fjrfiFirl f^Mff ^finrl «tti^R i 

t^'jirtcinT c'fr^Prf^ ^rtrr^ ^t?^ ^i^ 'itfw^ 
^[^ <!rtc^, ^*r?r ^tif^f^ «rt? '^^R^c^tf^ir ^^ 

^ 1^^ ?tf^ ^1 ^^ ^^ c>i^*UlR ^n:^ 
^irhr ^ ^^sf^^ ?rc*t^ ^tfw^ ^^t:^ OT^ ^ I 



''rtift'^ tfl*ylw^ «RiRC^ ftaf I c^y^ ^^ 



IRK^^f 



w^mmmm 






^ fcsr f^i^^uns 5^fto «ttf^5I I «^til^ ^^Wff l^-sIC-* 

^5t5H ^Ce? 1 C?K C^ 4«fW*l'? f^^ ^^^ C^^ 
'ft^tir ^ffWl «!ltC5R t 



^«.^J1 ^'^ 1 



'TC^fT tfl^ CT, >tl5)#l< »i^r?r ^BRinlt Hltpf^Bi^, ^^ 
<ii?i^ ^'«t'« 'iiiili^tll jep^ 1^^ «fttT I ^rf^ «ttft5i 



■ N' .1 I 1 11 . ■ t I I <iMhai*— » 



«t«tt%^ ^^ ^^i:^s f¥^t f^ipt^^lw ^ 1 7rt?ft? 
5(mr ^3^ C3?ti:^ wt^ ^sTt'tH 5ri jrf^^ ^^ »r% 
' >ift^'? «r*f?fts.*r ^'rtsf^c^ '?t*r5t<3t^^ ^ ^ f^«. 
»tf^5rM 1^^ ^%i ^ ^c^? ^t^^ ^f^!pRr >it^^ 

^tiTF, ^^t^ ^«.*t1%^ ^\^j^ ^*fof ^*n:? '^njf^ir 
tt'U^'t ^fet^fta <^l<^wii ftf^r:^ ^ t^f^ -srvff^ 

i^^wt^, ci^ w^rr c^t^ c^^ ^?rt^if ^^tr^ ^t^- 
«rt^ ^t^'^ 'itjrtrr *t*?W^ <^^ ^<r^ fWt^? 



Iio: 



J^m^ 



■^crt^J 



^W1 ^^ I 



^U^I? Tl ^^^1 I 




c^ y^-^ ^ntwtc^r^ >2(^^ ^^ «ttr¥ I ^^^^t?=rtfwir 

^■^ *i^^\L^, A'^LML*^ ^^?*rt^ f^t.^ ^5pi:^cii'| 

c^^t^T ^t^ <ii^ w '2r«t^ "^^ 'wc^ J 

c^ Tpp«T trt^ ^r^^ ^ ^rwi:^ ^j '^ii^r ^t^tunr 



/ 



.^.■M »^M»i^«M— I an I ■ «■ I'l 11 I > I ■ tlWi I «»ji»«j^»<— »M»^»»«»— ai»^iaa>^« 



>*i«^—— IMH—^M^ » ■.Tnl««^i*.^t.i II » »— fci^X*. 



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* iNfl< i ^5(1^1? *tf^*t^ ^^ ''ttf^i:^, f^^ ^^tn^^ 
<ii^ f^^ ^n??^ ^*tf^:5 ^?r ; <?n:^ f[Kws ift^ 






^K"^ \(t I 



^•^^f^ ^ <ii^-^5t?i i 




ptetfW^ til^ ^r^Ttl^ ^*fcr <^^ ^2.*tW^ C*ltl><4)' 

tfl^ (?[\ 'i'^t ?c^? ^*rf?r^t ^fl^^'rt^s ^t^ ^^ 
^^c^ ai^5rtff C5fk^5t?r ^«.ctilf*^ <fti:^ i ^tw^'f*! 

<i? <i5t?l^ ^ ^4>? "««^>illl ^rf?nd 'srt^ ^M ^ I 

t^^^'rtwc^T ^tft^^ f^fft^^ *ttfif*ft^ ^^, ^^ 
^% ^tK^s ^f?r?rl 1^^ ^«it5r ^^?n:*i ^twt^ ^tt i 

•fitt^ ^\ ^n:5«T 'STF^^r cw«n ^?r i Tt^, bnrt^ -st^ 



.»., -,.,.^ .- ,. ,,.,«. ,,»,, ^,>»-, , 

■— ^— — PHi^ II ■ I L I 1 I I •^— — «■■— .J^— — — i.— ■■— ' 



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■*• " '■ ■ ■ ..l u ll il.ll !■ , 



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<^^^ ^«t^F?B:-^ "(k'Mfsi^lt ^ -st^jj T|^ ^rtp? I 
^^^ c^iWsi^ ■<«^^. ^*Wf^ t^«. <$M^ ^e 

«¥ <^j^ 5^t^ ^^F%i ^«m ^^t^ W }i^M^ ^Ef^ 

55j??«3f «tf««^ ifClrS 3r«fJ^ %? %^5t ^C55 ^ ^ 

%^1 »r*w ^^ «rtc^ I <fl't 'i^^ f%i^c^ AH^\n 



««iw««»««i 



N»hi 



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^f^*r <fl^ ^TTtipiH^ c^tt^T ^rt^ ^pfinrt ^Kl(.>* 

01^ ft^rc^ 1^"^ ^Ff^ ^ I M^rroir «lt^ T^fT^ 
^•i^c^ ^^ *tfi^5Ttt«r «i^f*t% 'R[jrt? ^51?^ 
Jii^lwj «#5rl W-H'siii^l vftl^l5lw ^W^ ^%1 ^^ 

'Sfti^*^ ^ «frtirc«l ^^ '^o? %^ >e ^^ «£t^*r 

CT 'I^^ ^v«MWi^ ^sm *3p^ f^ ^^ Ni»KkH^ 



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^^trtr^— 'si^^f f^R«( f^5Tf%^ 'SfW'^jr ^^ ^l%- 
^^®^ *ffii^f5^ ^^ f^nrtoi I ^^ -^m ^tfw^r <2ffN5- 

«ff^«i ^^ti:f — '^t^tcf ?[ f^^rW fwT f^^ ^tri I 
^^ t;^ ^^t^5T <£tf^^^5^ *i^>i<*w^ *f^5r^f^^*t 

^ AiUi W:^^ fWlf? ^Tt^ ^f^^t?.'^ *»€|v6*l(.<SiiJ— 




^^cufftTT 'rft^swft^ b'K^wmi I f^ ^ni'H *'^%. 

m^" 1* 

'rf?^ ^^^^?i *tf^^?ri «j^t*«Tr5F ^Ert^^ ^^' 
^m^ ^^Ri?f*t 'tfiiTn ^^^^zk> ft^t? ^?R, ^<ttf*t 

*ttnR srt^ I *l4C'P|?l'^ *fl<tt^ TfTSX^ ^fw^ ^^ 

* Anioint stradiTari &o on tlie Bow-instruments by M. Fetis Page 9. 



rMiriBi* 



's^-^cant fe^^tf* I «»i 



'8rf^'^t2.*f^ ^tir^^ ^^ «if^«*#i «iT^ ^ mtt^Rrs 

VZ^ "Sf^f^ (TT ^^t?!?^, '^ff^nr >l<f>C*l^ <il^ ^8ff^- 

^f^?^ «ifiifi?\5 %?r sn I ^^ c^rfsT c^t^ ^^l>i(.< i<fT 

^r^ ^?.7T? 'BTvst^ i%^ ?TftR*ff% irt'T'i Wt*i ^fel 

^?5itT2ff^ ^^RiiR I ftn^^ ^-ft^T. 'srf^rtR? c^tf^^, 
^^5^ >ra[^*ni p*tii^ cw, f^l^ ^t^ cwf'r f^'TCTi- 

f^^^ CW ^1 %^tf^^ (?f ^ f^f^^^ ( R^^i^e philo. 
I sophique d€ la histoire de lamusique^^^^ ^StT^f^Tf ^ H lf^ C ^*! 1 

* Voyage aux Indes Orientales, by M. Sonnerat Paris, 1806, Vol I p. 182. 



toW" '^iSTC^tf 1 



c^r 'rt^^ «(^«^^ ^c^^r ^^ -sr^sTR ^«.*m ^^ 

^ i2f«8t^rvFs ^'Mt ^^'^ ^««<i^ i^l'^ri <it^ ^ ^«itl 



^^ T?:?^ ^^ tt^tw? "^^sr c^'wz^ ^srw? ^^^ri^rr?^ 
'i^ ^ I f%^ '®t?r©^Rhr ?t^it^ ^<^fi^^ hU^^ 



^^TJCiS?! ^tft I «»» 



•s^m^ Tc^^ ^ I ^^ (TPt^T <r5^ ^r^c^ "Tttw^ 
^T^ C»ff^l75 t«rl ^, '^ ^^ ^5t^ ettft^ 

7{««5<;5i Tf»>«^tfn:^ <£nff*f^ -^ ^ (7i^*t ^r^ <3K«i 

^tf? ^1%^ 'fW^f Tfen f'tirlTlST 'StTi 'fl^ ^?^5^ 

^^^ ^.5.»m ^"^iilt^ I (7T^ (ii^jp^ ^«ii ^t?^ 

<2rf^ f*rnt^M i ^^ -sftft^T^ •st^'m ^f?Rt^ ^^rr 

^ ttftii^ f^^jt^ f^^ ^f%?ri «rt^^q it 

** * HindooBtim, the countrj whence we d^ve the mo»t anient monumeBts of 
a well-developed language, of an advanced civilization, of a philosophy in which 
all varietie) of human thought h«ive their expression, of a poetry eminently rich 
in all its branches, and of a music in which the extreme sensiblity of the natives 
finds expression — ^Hlndoostan has, it appears, been the birthplace of the instruments 
played with the bow, and has made them known to other parts of Asia. This does 
not admit of a moment's doubt, as the instruments are actually in existence, 
bearing unmistakeable marks of their Indian origin. If wo wish to find the 
instrument played with a bow in its original state, we must take it in its simplest 
form, where no art has been employed to render it more perfect. Thus we find 
it in the ravanoistronf formed of a cylinder of sycamore wood, partly hollowed. ** 

n-anslated from Antoine Stiadiyeri, preeSdS de Bsoherchea historiques 
et cretiquet sur li'Origine et les Transformations des Instrumenti d Archet of 
M. Fetis 

iP^t"?'^^'^^'RF^^T ^^t=r "^^c^r ^r^rPR ^^?T ^rsr^r?" it^tz^ TRThr 

^f^Z^S^ Tf«T^ ^ 1 ^1^ ta^fr 30"^ f^«it^^tf«i \ 




^^rrt^W >*Kttv6 ^^Tte^ 'TC^ ^ I f W^ «f^{^ 

st%-^^i^ ^^ '"'rc^rr?^ c»f«tt'^ f^ti^ I ^-sff^f^ 
w^\ "^ji^R " ^ot?'^^'t ^vlt^ «r5;^c^ «^*iii(H — 

'8rt?ft?r c^y^-c^t 'srt^i:^? >if^ ^[9r1 ^, ^<f^ 

tfl"^^ ^ c^ (TFt^T ^^ c?»r f^^ i^^c^ ^«.*fir 
?^ ftf%^ cwt*r •iiaic^w <2t5f%^ ^^?ti:^ ^?t^ 'BTcsnTP 

ft^? ^ffiRTl <irt^3T I ^5t^ ^1I« ^SR^^CTtf^ ^m, I 

c^si:^ *f*f*n* tfl^t, (Tssijitc^ 'f*fw^<i' ^5t^ '^ ^«t- 

^T^ l^^C^ *tt^ I CT ^ ^?>^^?i *^*f* ^t^t*^ '^'^R? 

*j\^\ f n?^ '^*f', c'^^x:^ '^*fi*, ^^.r^rl iTt^>RW? 
j '^*, ^^i:^^ *^', (Ts^tam:^ ''TT*.', w^ii '^us\ 







*l4*l'^ ^^gnpt^ ^4t< ^irl «t1W^ I ^WS^^^'tC^ 

flmW ^PfirC'r ^^t?1 <ftW?[ fJHR ( Gremian Law. ) 

f5i^ ^^ ntf?n:^ I 



J 



5*. 



■»iaic^5t^ f 



'^ft?^! 



^ ^w I ^^^ i^Ss^^Ti^^lt^ -^tf?^ ^¥( «rrr^ I 
^c^ 'TC^fT c^^^ ^^J^ <ij<i^vs ^^irt «*rh:¥ i ^- 

^^CW^ ^"^ ^^ 'Itv^^ ^^ 'Tt^ ^5t^ "Slt^iC^*? 






«r5^*w<f— TST^tii ^'5t^f%? 'w?^ <2t^ ^n^v5 
^Tit?'«f^f^ ^'i^TCF 'in^^ ^ ^f'Rrt ^?[tiri f't^ 



Ctt^'^ 


*w 


»w 


c^«r 


^j% 


Tlt^-'^T 


nl 








■«* 



"i* 



M •^9-^tlfi 



?f %«?tf5 I 



' % «■ ■ ■ ■ 



^lnlmv g s ^f1%^ <;:Hm m^^ i^«.^? mm^ '»?t*rt- 

Zff^^ fiT^Nj ^^ST, f%^ 'ff^n <fl1It3 >f^*flt^ ^^5®^ 

^K^u ^f^t^ ^rfir^ mtw ^8rti^, ^t^tn^ "?Tf^ 
111 ^ I «^c^? ^ni^^ri, c?tci^ fW?rl , t^^- 

^»rtc5 1 ^rt^ 'Ri^fstc^ ^^ ^^?ri «rt^ *ftif5i^Ww 
^<, cirt% ^^t3f ^ c^ <st^ «it^ 1^^ «rlf^- 




ITBl 



^^i 



u 



I 



^fti^ I ^^ brc^r 'Bft^ snr ^"(^ ^^ <fl^y^ 



^sp? f?i ( ^^r^ ■^«ti( ^t^iT« ) fsrc^ ^?f% f|:ff «rt^, 

^^ ^ *rtd' '(^ (Key) «rtf^, f%^ <il^ ^5t^ ^T^ 



^ c^t^f«T^^ ?tf^ ^^s'SeT f^«r ^^ ^^it*J 

^TtW "^H f^ C^'^ ^ I ^5?^ ^^ ^'^^^^ ^^ 
<« ^Rtfsf^l <5^ ^^ ''i^f'i ^%f f*iwl(.if*t ^t? 



I 



fsp^ ^^^ %c?? ^M ^t^Tt^ 'Piir «ti:irt^^- 

^inr <fl^ ^^ fwc^ <«rtf¥i:^ ^^?. ^«.^ft? ?i:w?r ^5^:^ 
?^?i ^Rt^^ti:^ «rt^«i ^¥l "^tf^r^ I («^*r 
^'rc^d <2n:^ ^y%l «fti:^ 1 ^^^^tir ^tir^ "^Ffta, 

^1^^ ^ %^ TT^ ^^ «ttc^ I 

^ft?:^ c^^ (7R5T ^^, ^fet^«r (71^ ^*r T ^ 

( Flute )* cii ^x5^^ 'qf^ .fftft^ ^t^ ^^ fifFf^ 



* Fluto, a wind inatpument of considerable celebrity ; as it was known in the 
earliest ages, eren the remote one« of fable, we cannot give any precise account 
either of its origin or the period of its inyention. 

Several species of flutes have been named from their forms, or from the ma- 
terials of wl i h they were composed ; ' thus, the avena was merely an oaten 
straw ; the calamus, hollow reeds of different lengths united together. These 
simple instruments preceded the invention of those bores or holes, by means 
of which, a pipe gives several sounds. The/tWawasa flute originally formed 
from a bone so called, in the leg of an animal : in fact, wind instruments in 
general were, for a long time, composed of materialB hollowwd by nature ; but 
when tlie art of forming artificial tube, was discovered, the process was adop- 



\ — ^ ^^— 



cwr*t^ tfi^^'i^c^ 5(t^«^^t?f <2t^«Frci( ^\u<Si y^-a^ 



ted for flutes, and they were made of box, laurel, iTOiy, copper, ailrer and 

eyen of gold. 

From expreesions annexed to ihe title» of some of d^erenee'e comedies, we 
learn that they were represented to the sounds of flutes, and that these flutei 
were pare*, impares, dexirtt, and «««/*•<* ; equal and unequal, right and left. 

The andrid was accompanied with equal flutes, right and left, ** iMi* piuribw, 
dexUis et nnistris ; '* the eunuehua with two flutes, the one right, and 
the other left, " iihiU duabut, dextra et tinHtra ; " the heaittoutimorumettM, or 
the self-tormentor, first with unequal flutes, afterwards with two right, '' pri- 
mnm Hbiis mpaHhui, delude duabue dextrie ; " the adetpli, with Tyrian flutds, 
« HHUearranU ; " thei?*orm*o with equal flutes, and the hecyra with unequal 

flutes. 

The performer played Always upon two flutes at the same time^ and placed 

round his mouth, a species of bandage tied behind the hfead, in ordelr that the 
cheeks might not protrude, and for the better management of the breath. The 
right flute was held by the right, and the left flute by the left hand ; the right 
flute had only two boreS and produced low sounds ; the left hftd sereral bores, 
and produced higher sounds. When the musicians performed upon these two 
fbites of diffferent sounds, it was said the piecd was petformfed " iMh iinparihu^;' 
or «<iWw dextris et Hmsirier When they performed upon the two flutes of the 
flune sound, it was said, that the piece wiis perfortAe^ '» tibiis p^^ue dcxtrii;* 
that 5* to say, if upon those of grare sounds , or « iibUe paribus Hnistris, » if upon 

high sounding flutes. __^_ 

Smce the invention of the flute, it hM undergone a number of changes, both 
in form and name ; some are curred, some are long, others short, smaU, middle 
sired, simple, double, right and left, equal, and unequal. Listly, these same flutes 
haye been differently named, in yarious countries ; for example, the curyed 
flute of Phrygia, irtik the same as the tiiyrion of GreeciB and Italy, or the 
pHaution of the Egyptians, called the monaule. 

Flutes haye a compass of nmeteen diatonic intervals, yiis : froin D, flirit space 
below the treble de?, to A-sharp ( or B-flat, ) the octave above the first leger 
line, including every chromatic interval ; but, generaUy, only to the second 
ootftve ftboT» th^ second line, treble clef. 

Eucyclopcedia By J. F. Danneley, 



^C^*f? ^^ %^^^ C^tC^ra f¥*6;?r1 (Fistula) 

^tut^ fsrf^^, ^^*r ^^ ^srt^ I <3#^t^ ^ 1? '^ 

^^?l ^iC^ ^^^^i ^^? WCJ??ft^ ^^^ AiAKU 
?t ^# ( Plutarch ) ^^VT f^«fyt^ ^2tt% itWl C<^f^fl^*f 

^^t^ 'T'rf^^ ^^s^^tMI %5t^ tile's I^T^t t'^^z^ 
OT?r '^^t^i'T:^ f^^r^^s ^tf^?il « f^i^c^ ^^^^ ^tt 

9ft<^ -^^ ^ V{1 1 ^^pfofN© 'Stt^ ^Tft? ( S."sa ) fiffTf^ 

^, N*|^kvi t<i^?i*f ^fi^T, ^t^ 'siWir ^5{f^?r 
^tf^%1 cfc«t^^ I ^^Js\ ^^ ^mr fW?i "^f^tiJ 

'ift^ ^f^^l*lC«1«t^ 'Sif^^ ^t^X^ (Charles 
Burney ) ^^^t^^T ^HT^^ TTt^-St^t^T ^f^Tl f^?rft^J[ I* 

* *' The Tibia was originally a Flute made of the shank or shin bone of an 



, IP- ~ ■ _ II TTII T— T-MT— ■ I I ^ llll I I I MM— ■ I I I I 

^Ttf^^^ ( Flageolet ) :?f^ | (ij-jjjvf -^^^^ mi\^\(,^ 

'^f^^ I f^^ «(f^^r?[ ttf% ^?r?ft ^^^ >T'^*r '^^^r i 

Ftf?[^ flm wfiF«l ^c^?j FTfll ^^f% ^^?> f^I^'? %5l^ 

f^c5 ^ ^^^^ f%5i1^ ^^5T «2f^^ ^Td «rfi^ tflt 



<«^ ^ ^?tF?i ^?.r*t?i^ i^'t^ «ttc¥— '^i^^w <jt^t^ 



animal ; snd it seems a3 if thje wind instruments of the ancients hare been Ion; 
made of iuch materials as nature had hollowed, before the art of horinff Vhit^B 

was discovered. " 

Charles Burners History of music Vol I. 487. P. 







^tf^iwtfei 






^, ^^••ff -si^fs c^?;-r^ ^^^'^ <i(^\ «ltc^ir ^'ii't^ 

( Calamus ) | (j^ ^■^ (;^«f ^^ c^ ^i^ '«tTl^?l^ ?J^ 

«rc*Wf ^ <5(5i I ^^ ^?ni^ ^s.'^in "si^n^ ^s.% ^itir 

^3 CT^^ ^«.^ ^% f ^#t^ iWC?!^ ^tt^, ^ c*r?F<l 

_^t^i ^if^k^ t^t^ ^<R c^m .^ ^t^-m, CT<rti:^ c^ ) 



^i^ Ni)Ki(.<t> <«^ '^ <! twin f^wt^ «ii^c^ ^ I 



^^ «rW^^?r cn^r ^ ^t?ij^ 'rR^ -siFf^f^ i 

CWRt:^ ^OT#i "tSs^^t ^^(il^ ( Hautboys ) -^^ | 

CT o^hjto^ ^t^^^ ^^^ «ttt^, '*t^l^ ^ ^St(5 









^^ 



yi^nm ^rat^^ ^srf^^ «tt^ «ff% f«m fe i fsl^ 



I. 



^|T?r% tpf^^lfMC^.^ ^?.% ^rf^i <H^1il ^R^^r I ) ^ 

faRrr?r ^"^ ^^r^? 'irt'ttc^ fw^t? ^^ ^r«r? ^if^ ; 

« The most common naj of the modem Egyptians, Known bs the '1)erTi8h 
flute'' — because it is played by the Demshes to accompany the songs at their reli- 
fpouB dances, called cikrs &c. 

An aectmiU <rf Hhe Mamem 4* Cmkmi^fike Modem IBIff^tpiiame 

by 
Edward William Lane. 



*tiwrfsi vj 



1 

I 






^\ ( Horn ) ei^is f^^, ^\z^ m^^ ^t?:w— ^^ 
^«tw5ii ^5^, *rr<n:^nr ^Ft^«j, 1w?r c^^*t, 4ti^ 

C^lrt^^ OftCmf -^ ( Cornu ) ^i:^f ^<^ ( Cor ) ^^. 
% ^«t» "S^^^,^^ ^^*1» ^i:7ft?T 1^ ( Kurt ) (£[rno^ 

^f^ "s^tm, cw^ff i:w^ sj^tcf^ ^ ?n^t? ^fk^s^r i 
^*Wf^ fw ^s'*^, ^W^ ^1%^ I fHc^twc^f <£(^ 

■tfm (?« ^ ^, ^W^ If <.^ltRKw !t ^t% fa I 



J 



<iM^v4> ^irl «2rt7:^ 'rf^i ^5^ ^ ?«t^ I ^f?« 
W ^»f?r^ >t^j7r cw^^ %^n <si^^ ^z^, ^'^ttf^r 
<$!:^ ^itcwir CKV^ ^ <it^ .^?i ^^©r^ ^Rtw %t i 

^^ic^ '^i^ni #3^ ^1 c^fieT^ 'T^ftf^ ^ I 






^1 ^2.1lt#t>:'*t^^ ( Trumpet ) r^^^ «t^*r, '^'f- 



H^Wfs I VO: 









c^ I 



Ttii ^ ^Ktii"^ ^rtir f^w^ 5n:?ni f^^ii ^rtn <a^ ^^- 

^^ w^ w^ '^, ^^ w c^^ cii^ ^?n 



'i^unr ^«.^t? ^rc^^ ^f^, c^^ '^c^ff ^5f Tj^pffsf- 
^^ CT m^^ ^[zm ^sfff?, ^tf«r «rff^ 'S^fm ^#t^ 



i 



^b ^»164^l^ r 




f^^f(t 



^ ^^^ (M*\ ^^^ ^w, ^^ti:^ i^^rt^ 

f^%<CH(.'^ ^rfp^ ^^^ ^r^T t IfM^ TR^ *ttt^ TfS,^^ 

4^^^ ^ fw '5(?rf^ <^j<^N4> ^ ^f?nrl ^^ ^ 

C^ f^ ( Titty ) ^^finrl '2tt^5(* I ^^ TT^ ^t^til 

^1 ■■■ . -■■ ■■ I ■■■■ 'u ' 

* Travels in Siberia, by S. S. Hill, Esq., 



f»Sf^F?^ I 



^^til'^cii^ i CT ^i^fc^r tflffT Tmk^ %*ff^ <^w^, 

^t^ ^ ^ ^ I C^ CTt^ ^5^ «rf^ ^^^!tC2T ^ 

W^ »Rt5r ^^^ trc^ I ^tet% <tfQ^^*t^'i^«fre 
1^ ^«t^ 7^^ ^rtfwi ^M^ 'Ttf^ ^¥i '^rtr^ ^#m 

^ftc^, TC^B^ %sf^ 5n:^?r *i*5t«. cwH *t%^ l^f^ 
*rt^ '^tOF, 'art? t%5fl5t c^ri^ twl''r^^l^,(?ti^t^ 

^i^ "^W^^ ^rf^ IT^i^ ^^ «ttl'F, 'art? '2t<»r- 

c^rt^ ''m CT Tt^ ?pf^t^ f|c5 ^(fti:^, Ttwt^Tt? 'R? 
^t^tw? ^*t? 'sit?^^ ?n5 'sf^ f?^^*r ?^iri ^v 
4t«i5jc* ^«.^t? f^ f?^ ^ fjt'f^ ^¥1 «rt^ I 
f^ Tt«ft?«i ??.%i:^ c? ?f*r ^^?st? (7f«?rl ^, ^T^ 






3 *4(f^4*ii' 



(^■^ ^^ ^*t?^? ^*W fW'^ I f^prt!?r •ilR(.<>sil 
Mbii\bn (7f f^^ ^ ^rn^ ?j%l «iri?:^, ^M^ ^ 



#t«T^ f?trl ^n:?!? fe^f^n:^ 'srt^ ^fwl ^«t>5 1 
^^tzTF f^J^unf <il'^(.^w^ Htf^cyei ^«(jtc^ >ilHc^lfa t 

(Sumphonia) 5(f?nrl «tt^, ^ ^t^ ^^STt^^T Bft^- 
Z'<^^ ( Zampogna ) | nq f^ ^<2r»rt« *llH^*(>lfii(l<< 



A »■ 



- I - - 



N*«H 



Wt*r'2t*tt^ ^!rf^ ^ ^ ^iR^ I ^^ ^ulah <2rff%- 
f^, ^^ ^i^« iiMwii W^'?r '«(^tf^% — i^^c^j^ 

>i5rf^ 'sf^tf^^ f|eT, ^^ ^t^tw? ^i^N^ firsts 
^ttcw €tt^ ^^ ^i^u^ ^r^t? wt^, ^©^rtt^ ''i^ 



;,^.^^^^.,^^h«— »^— — — ^^— II I ■■ ■■— «— Ji^ ii ■ I 1*1 I !■ I I i mm i ■< t* 



sd, ^^^ ^m ^ttiiif ^?tt? ^<R ^fl^ 'i^ ??^, 
f?p^ f% ^n^r ? *n:^ ^'«t^ ^Ww?f ^^ ^^ ^f^, 

^t|c^ ^Ttf't^, v5«K ^\i(U\ ^*ttir ^^Hm ^ftc^si^'f 
% ^rajnr ^5^5^ ^*t^l <2ttft5{^ ^©Ki "^^ ^rt^ 

1^ ^^^^nr tc^ 5f^twc^-<i ftfi^m^n^ ^is.'rtf^r^ ^, 






(THRn ^R^ %T ^rl I -^^ ^t^ Wt<i 'Rf^ ^#n 
^n:^— ^ Wur? ^tusK^ ^it^ « ^Rt^i ^n:^, f^^ ^^jm 
'R^c^ni if^^f^ ^f^^ ^tftprtf^v? ^ ^'^•rf^ 'pi^ 

^ 5il> f%^ cwTtfffWT 'i^tuR ^*fi:^ ^w^.^l'Pi <$i:^ 



.^m 



r 



I 



"— •rsws'W""^ 



<a^rtf^*i ^^ f «.^?na[ ^frnl ^<5ri ^^fird <rtr^ i 
^^^ 'Pi^:^ i^< if?i<atjt >e T^ <2tFt?[ ^^ ^ 
i^iitfl^, ^«R <«^*t ^ ^^?r -sj^^ ^spT^ '^firal 
c^«c 5rt ^^CTs ^^ *tti:?r, fw ^^ 'oft^ *%*' 

^^ «rt^^ ^:^, i«f^^5fHti*f 5ii*twH ^|f% 

f^ ♦tCI ^^ f^«f ■'^?f-t^(g?T— f^^f-Ut^-R ilf>| ^ <^- 
«t<«ttT <fl^ 5(^ ^ '^^ ^, *fCI ^5t^ »I94^W, K^- 

c^^, f^«f «r^t(t^ nt,^«n?nr f^rf^ f^%ir c»fcn 

ItU f|5 f^5lT^ ^nrt 1^, C^«t (fl?p1^ ^^>lf^fMf*i|« 

^ ^R*iw«i ftNc"^ ^^ ^"rtfsnrt ^^ ^^^ 

?{<i|7r^ ^t%tf^?P, C*ll*ll^!5l(.x9 ^ICFt^ mft'^FtiRi 

I ^TK'R I f^^ «ifw <3.*l44l*i ^^i:^ «rt5rti:ff? <?n?H^ 

I ■ H — »-—;»— ^"^W— —————— —^—i^M — ■— — ^— — — — »— MM^— — ^^— 



r 



mmthmmmtmrnit^m^^m^^^mtm^mmmm H i ■ « i ■ i ija » 



«fTir-'^anr ^^nt% i ** 






^ ^^ 'fhi^ ^ifl ««rtt^f^, f^5m 



^r^ tfl^ ^[^*teT^ 












c*t^ cnt w?r ^5^1 ^rttot^ ^twt^^ ^^r^tirl 
«2ft^ ^tii i^p^ «t?c^ 'sif^ -^rtfi^ ^M ^^^ 






■ W i ■ ' ■*^MW1^iafc 



■ ' ' " I ■ 1 III III II ■—«—■—■— III, 

Tic^ ^5(1 <fl^ ^Km f^f^ ««l>jlWfl ^ot?^ ^«tv6x4>>l 



^t^-Wl 



<3JNT «2r^% ftf%^ c«r%:^ f^^^ ^^sici? i fr^ ^- 

^TT F^ «fiW^ ^5T^PP fr^Ft yf I 



. ■!. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ' ■'■ ■!■■■■. ■ I ■ .1 . . . ,. . ■. . . % . m I 

• • I • 

^Witl ^W 'TOT ^tf^^ <«^?. ^vj^^f?! 'siHU ^^ ^ 

%t^ €t^ ^*mi:^ '^^ 5^1^^ ^^ «!ttr^, CT^ftw 
^«!t5 ^^^ 'isnr c^ c^t5{ ^tw Ttwt^ 
■^ ^^firal t^^ I c£i^ T^ ^ir3f f^t^^ ^5fWc^?f ^ 






^ ^T ^^«i ^^mzm ^<Jitir «2(i^ ^^^ ^^ L 



I ■ III -^ 

(i|^«l ^tn^ ^^c^ 'rt^ ^^^t^ ^"^K ^tf^^-fsrf^ 

?t#3[ *t^ f^<^ ^11 *3^tt*i ^f«r5 ^Rt^ 'fm^'^ 
^TC^ 'TtB^t?^, fH?l-%cir c^^-'ii^ i^^s. ^frc^ 

j _ — 

^'t *rr^? ^^-"f^^ ^Wj ^^^5^ ^t^rtiTE I 




^tt^t?, ^vp\ «r^ ^^1 f5n^«i ^fwi «rt^ i ^- 
f^f^ ^^ ^tsr fwc^ <2tTii^ «ttc^, c'^ c^ ^tw^ 



«•■ 



^^0 



mmtu^ 



S^V "^C^W 1 



p 



^^ ^ft^K *!1*i1*In^^W5» ^mt 'iTf^f^ -^HiijNi 
3t5? 'rtf^ ^^ «ttc^— t^ t!^ 'f^ Rc'si'«Jc<»«i 



fFtT^ 1 









■**■ 



c^tni '7^ 



^l^^*(^(.^<i ^w f^*tf«i <2t'f% '^c^^j '^n^ ?pa I 



^s^ *ri ^1 'S'T-^ffir J 



mm 



CFtT I 

^^ '»r#r <«tt?:^ i f¥^ ^ ^ ^ f^ <ii^ ^ ^ 



'^ 



riMHn»*a«MBaava^M^V><^nV 



^H4t^4'<ilHi ^?>f*infl I T?^ ^ *r^ *rt?r^ ^?t^ 



^Wrr ^^rt^TTl w^^t^ 'TWfe^ ^ I W^ i[?t *f'6lw^ 
^c*w iiftf^ f^^^ i ^^ («^ ^rt%1f?(^ ^, <$;#- 

^^ 'Jj^ 'wr '^^w*^ <2r^f% «rart^ ^t^i^ 'n:^ 



^jii^m^mmm- 



mr* 



5lt*T| f >•!» 



■aaaM^MWuuH 



'f fill ^^ ^ I ^^ ^p^ 'T^ ^^ ^c^ f\j:^ 

^^ «ttr^ » <ii^ vm ^^ *rf^-'^ ^ ^^cvtcig, 
^ft I ^«rf% <3^«J^*k^ ^^ l^i^ %Ti f^ <ii^ 

^<^^5t«i5r ^tc«T %^, ^ <2r?f%<f ^if irtf^fi ^^ 



1 

i 



■•^F**ilWiWWW»*i*pi»W^fi 



^•^ ^aft'^Pl'i J 



WW""^! 



1 



fjrt^ I tfl^ ^c?F 'W^r <fl^?. 'nrx^r irt%i iFntw 
c^Tt^^t ^^^¥1 «rtt^ I ^^ ^ ^fri ^rt^ <fl^ 






^i:^ ^t:?^ t^^t^l ^^ ^ i f%^ <«<t'T 'rfl'f^ 



J 



^ p^-i^^ifhri ^rt^ 'itti^, ^*t^ v( <:^*ttff^i 
<ft^ I <<^ ^ ^^^^^<rt? if^ WHC^ ^f^ ^rtf^ 

^•PTTV ^ ^ ^^ ?t%1 ^^t^ TtWt^T ^^ 



CTIT ^ ^<r »il^s, ^ ^\ 5H|U«;tJt%t?1 ^ltT25— 

<ii^?> ?f^«t^<t f^m^i wWii -21^ Turn ^\x^ ^tfw^ 



y 



■tw— i^->i^piw<m<>«^»^— ^— 111 — 11 I ■ — — I— — — ^— — — — ^w— *— wy 



I' 



^«i c5if*t^ «rtc^ I wf^'t^ "^fH^ €i^^ ^%t? 
^1 



""i^ ^jj^'Fti:^ ct^lRtH^ 'i^twn^ ^f% f«r?n5^ ^ 

C^ ^^ 1^ ^ ?^^^t^ "^^ ^^ %I^ '9$W\ 

'art^pFff <2ttft3( (?i*r fti3i^ tfl^sre 'po f\^m 15^ 

«fl^ Of ^ ^ I 



"^*tll^l l>o« 



CW^ 5rt^Tt<5 'f^^ ?f^tC^ I ^r^ ^^t^ <£tft5T 

^ ^*n?fts "Stff^? ^fs.-^^ ff?i I -^K wc^ TRTT ^?r 
«r^ta 'sit^i^ ^ -21^^ f|^, f%^ ^"qr:^; cs\'^^ ^f«(¥ 

^8 



^^ Tlt^'^ I ^3ltW^ W;^li W\r[ ^W Cv5t¥ ^ 

c^t^ ^tf^^lfw ^t^pf ^5ft^:?t^ ^^im^F ^5t«j ^^- 

^r^^ cwrt^ 'silJiw ^n:^ '^ c^ c:^\\ ^^u ^^1- 
^«nr ^'^tsi^ ^^ ^c^¥ ^>i^ ^1% 'sit^, ^rt^ffc't^ 

fN>^ TTt^^^ <2tOrtW5T ^, ^rt^ ^5^ ^wtf^ ^ 

5^1% ^fti:^, ^rt^ an?T^ ^^jtfw ^t^ ^ '^^?i 



^?^5t^, ^^1, #t^I, ^, ^"tW^ ( Gaung )^ ^^1%^ 



<«rtc^ I c^tw^ <^^ 'i^i ^c;s^ ^<(t^«i ^t'T ^5? ^'^i; 

c^ Ti^sT s(\^-^ ^''ic^\^ ctff^^T, CT^ 't^^ ^5^1 
^^ ^ f=i"^t*i ^i?n:^ ^U^ ^f^^ I ^^ttw^ ^c«(T "srti 

^rt^^ ^tfw^ 1^1 <^ti:^ I T[t^ ^^, cii^?:*i ^t^^t^ 

iSFCSf IFI'I R^ ^X<«^<.1 I 



^■^ 



-1^ ^ c^«f ^ ^wir ^^ w:m "^ ^^ i 
^H^ ^% mt -^f^ C5^\c^^ ^^, <A^^^ ^-^^ c^^ 

^^1 «nr^ I * ^^^ ^^ ^9ttTr "if t^ ^r^ I ^^ 
^'^tTl c^t=t ^s«^ ^*n:5nr f^r^ ^wt?n ^n^ ^.fr 



^f*t^l "^m^ 7f^*t I <$c^ ^rt^«ttf^ '^Tt^^ ^<rtf5^- 

■'■ wi» ' ■' — '■ — ■ !■ I 

* ^§1 tfs ^tfvS ■^<? ^^ I 



•«>w«aBtti 



1 



^ji^^ ^1 «fti^ I ^^ ^^ ^^1 c^*r ^M '2{^t^^«r 

^?.^ (Spff^ ^t^Tl •Sf^tH «ft^?^ ^^ ItlTsr I ifl ^ 



^tC^T ^ti:^ Ttfw^ ^II <iftT:^ I ^U5T^ ^'HiTl^ ^^ 
^n^ C»f%^ *tt^^ ^TT I 






■MfcrttaaaMftM^ 



c^i ^ Ttf^^ ^^tn wt;^ ^ 'Sftii I <5;^¥t?:sT ^«f^ 

?t^ ^^^ ; C^ f^^ f^^l ^^ W57 ^1 ^t^^WPl 'T^?! 

f^9tf%xs ^c^^^ ^'T^r^tR^, c^^'iflfsf^ ^^^m^^ 

^rt^^ I t^^sfl c¥t^ c^N s(% ■^f^^'tc? ^^ ^«t 
wtf%^ <^t ^nic^ ^^^ ^ic^^ ^«fT «n:^ ^, c^^^ ^ii 



(^?53*5r-^lwif I >ii 






<2f^f© ^c^^ <2f^t^ ^t?T -^t^r^^ '^tiw, f^^ f^f%^ 

^^? ^, f%^ ^Kl "Sit? c<l^ ^?(2ftr>I^ ^tf?^ ^^T(1 

<2ftft^ ^t^ ^fw^ ^si^©^^ ^^t^i:^ ^t?r '^^- 
ctf^ ^¥ <£t^t? '^'^ ^^¥l ^?r, ^<t^ f^'-^-^^^f^- 



"*<lc*, Cir^tflir ( Alexauder ) ThfTt^jl '' Csfk^ „ '^f^ ^TJ*! i 

'. ■ '. ^ 




'T'viTrt^^tT ^tT^r^^ ^, ^5^1 ^ ^^ *^t^ c*tt^Tr I 
^^t^r^^ ^:?^ ^ ^<t«. ^2^%, ft*tt, c^^t^, 

^T\jU <2r^f^ CTtC^ TtWt5{ ^fq^t, ^KI ^^c^ 

'iksnr^ '£{«(15T ^'»rs!r ^^^rsi i 



?twt1 



5i«fT^ ^js^vftTi f%^«t^t? ^^^^^ i^'T^. ^rtwjr¥ 



^ l i • * > « ■ ■ -■■-•--■- 1 1 



PlbW^ ^lHJt4' *»lHlCil ^I^ ^f'tf^ ^ ^T^J '»rtW- 

i1t^^^ ws^ ^^^ Wm*\ t f^f^ ^^i:«R, "R^Htct? 

«tt^^^r^t^-T^R ( Morning Concert ) Tjtf^'^rl, CFt^StsTl, 

i#l^-»ttflif F«^ iFi:^ f^^ ^^ ^t?^ ^ I ^^ 

■ — ""^ 



^5t^-^twi?i? '^tl ^'^TTtflsT I ^u;^ ^t^. f-^'s ^wl 

«4F, ^^^t5T ^T:?^ ( H. Blochmann) ^^^R ^^^ 

"^w^ it^ cw^ ^siti:^ CT, ^3rt^ ^tf ^o^ ^rt^t^t^rt^rl 

( Naqqarahkhanah ) ^<K ^^?lHmt?r ^^^t^T-^C^ 

^ I ^^^.( Kuwargah. )^ ^^ jff jff^ej qf^r ^TtSTl 
( Damamah ) (^^ ^^ ^^jys^ <5{f^^ (Tj|^ «jftf%^ c^^o 

^ I Ffl^ ^^t^ ( Naqqahrah ) ^<|«. ^^ftlTl I 
8 I '^^r^ ^tf^^ ¥^*t1 ( Parana or Karrana )^ (<i^ 
ft 1 ^?^^fhr ^-^K *tt^^?%I ^<1 ( Surna )^ (ij^ 

( Nafir ) tji^ | 



• Aiu-i-Akbari. Vol. I. Ain 9. 



I ff^-i^^^5t5r--^l?!T ( 






i«ft*rtftMi*MMa»' 



iit 



^ ?^^ ^t^f C5T? Fri% ^f%?f ( ^^t^ ) ^^ 

IhC^^ (7[^^*f ^tf^vS I f%^ "«it^^r5?r 'Wlir C^^*t 
^at^ ^^t^ ^ ^^rit^ ^^'fl, ^^*t1, ^f%^ '^^Sv 'si't- 

^^rtt^ 'r^^^ ^wtw ^^;jnr ^^-©f^r 'rtfw ^^ i 
"srsrs 7iift^-f^^ %5R, Prc*f^^s ^fkR^ ^^^'^t^c 
*f^tf^ ^«. <2f^^ ^5%tfe?R I ^Tt^? *ttr^w fk^^ 



*ftw^ c'tw^ 'H^^r ^^^^f% <^^^5(¥ ^^ <2r^^ 

v5t^ ^«Tl <^|<^«1ji|t<5 I <2ttlf ^V ^«.>ra ^€t^ ^^, 
5rtk^^ 'sl^TT^tlls^ <fl^ ^^^5t^ <fl^^ ^f^ ^ I 



n- I M ■ I I ■ • ■ — 



Tv^ (^^^t«t-^lTf5r I ^^^ 



ri 



-«qt^ts( ^ ^N? sft^c^nr 'srf^sra w^'^ ^f^. ^f^R^ 

'srWi?^ cw% «^^^5tR <s^*i l^^nf, ^^, ^tiif«i»i; 
f>n:?rl, srtflrQi:^^, ^s^^K f^mt^^, ^ti[sif*nni ^r^ 
TTS'^fir <flc<p<lc^ *ffl^N ^f^^ c^^ cw% ^n:^ ^tirl 

^rt^tw?« ^^-^itwii ^?^flij f^ ^T^r^^ ^— «fl 

w 

' ^ I 'I' 1 ■ 

r<flW ^St^iTl ^^^ ft*t1 ( ^Ppl CfSt^ ) ' -] ' 






/ 



8 I 



4 1 



^MMM 




'M 



'iS I <il^ C^5f I 



C^rtfW^ -2tf%^ <il^2. ?tsn C^^t^T:5r^t^ ( Nebuchad- 
nezzar) ^v^^ <£ff%iNfi '^<f5{f^^ C^ ( ^aal )(7nN5t? 

fjr# ^#s ^^srtfww ^15^^ '2t'it«i *ft^¥i ^ ; — 

"x©«fVf (<1^^^ •^tw^'5 ^b?S^^^f^5I, C^'lt^^l ! 

^'*f^ c^t^^ ^2,^ -2r^f% "«% ^i:^?, ^*tl «t^% ^®^ 



«tf%^ '^<^f^ c^ (?R^ f^w^ i?ft:5T -fet^ ^^ I'' 

( Dan. iii. 4^ 6. ) 

vr?^^ ( Darius the mead ) Ti«.^tccl ^fwW^ Wtf^Tl^, 
( Daniel )i^ fTf;,^-5t^^ fsfT^^^ ^f?J?f1 ^tW^ft^ltW ^^^ 

'«1# <2rttf% ^^c^, ^RiFl^ ^'HiTT 'tt^ ,f^r# ^^- 



'Sir'W 5tUt ( ^^''^ ) *^^^ '^^ ( Solomon ) '^»|teT- 

^^ftrr ^^ c^^FSt^ ( ^°y^^ ^"^^*« concert ) f^^ I 
( 2 Sam. xix. 35. ) 



■ ' ■*■ ■ ' " ■ -^ ■ ■ ^- -r" - ...... ^ ■■■,■■ -■ . 



^ < ■ 



^r^tfirStl^C^ ^ft^ ^^ v^^^^? ( Private Orchestra ) 

<H^K ^%^^ ^^^ltftf^Ct?f ^H\ ^t^- «2t¥t^ ^t^Ff 
♦it^¥tf^«Tt^ I "( Eccles. ii. 8 ) 



( Sir Robert Ker Porter \ ^|{f >rt»T*t1 ( Kermansha ) 5{<5f^t^ 
f^W^'^ ^5^^t^*1 ( Tackt-i-Bostan ) *f^^ cil^s^Ti^- 

^;?F ^?^^W ( Khosroo Purviz ) CTJ^^l^ ^9\7{ <^- 

^^t^i:^5i:i I ^^?> (Bunting) TfjII^vQ »n^^ftW% fltt^- 
^fk ^JT ( Harp-concert ) ,p^^ ^^j^ ^^TCl^ | 

Bunting's Historical and Critical Dissertation on the 

Harps in his " General Collection of the Ancient Music of 

Ireland. *' 



llMiMMMabMMi 



^>r3r-(^^<5tsr--'rtifsr i ivi 



^'Tct ^f«t^ ^^, <r% ^ *t^r%:^ ft?^ c?c*t 

^f^ ^«(T 'tt^fi Rntr^ I ^t5i«<i^ir (srtft^ Tift^ 
"Htm ^^•it'^tir 5rt^^ ^ ^firn ^<r ^rri:^ i 



%?tW^ ( Herodotus ) c^f^ ( Plato ) TrrTlTrt??^ 
( Diodorus ) fJT^TT^fff ( Siculus ) «ii^o^ ^tllTl ( Strabo ) 

iA9i\ ( Bubastis ) ^^tcjj wtrrt^ ( i^i*"» ) c?% ^wt< 

*t^ ^?.% ^T^ ^^^©f?r "^1% '!§^ 1?^ ^t«t«. 'TtWl^^ I 

— . — _ 







H*s 



C^fW ^ ^Tf^R ( Berlin ) <i|^o^ f^C^ ( Lyden ) ;j5r 
(^^Njft^r ^tW»T ^f%^ I ( Lepsius's Egyptian Antiquities ) 




I 



1 



1 




^ *\\(.K^ ^\f^^ f^T?r«t ^ns^? ^^? «f^^^t^^tirt 

. • • • 

^5P^ I ANGKLUNG, a wind instrument of Javanese, ) 

«l%t?< ^ '(^t^ ( OCTACHORD or OCTA- 
CHORDE, an instrument c(f music composed of eight 

sounds ) w^^T[S^^ Tt^-^r^f^T^ 1 



( 



[ ^>.8 ] 
^l^tW^ ( OCTACHORDUM, the Pythagorian lyre ) 

^■^^^ -^^ ( OCTAVE FLUTE, a small wind instru- 
ment ) (<|^2r^t^ ^ -^^f ^ I ^ ^«fj->l'^i:^ 

(^^^ ( Flute a bee )^ ^^ | 
'5r?fi¥?l*r ( OXPHEORN, a stringed instrument ) i£^-^^- 

dora ) ^rtl, f^ ^<^^^ ^ I 
^5f^ ( AGADA, an Egyptian and Abyssinian wind instru. 

ment ) ^jy:^ i^^t^ ^tf^fjf^ Wtf^i:^ ?S.%^t^lf 

^^*r*t^ ( AUGADHAPALA, an ancient Hindoo ins- 
trument of percussion ) f^%^ «tTft^ '^it^T^RF^- 

'<&;,^^ ' j:^f^ f AJACAXTLI, a Mexican aneieot musical 
instrument ) CS|f^C4>iW^a 'Sftft'T •\4l^H\ ^^ ^ 

'Sjf^fi^ ( ANGELIQUE, a stringed instrument ) (^"^ 
I '^t^ ( APOLLON, a stringed instrument set with 



twenty strings ) ;g^i^;^t^^ ^^S^f^T^ til^?. ^^Tt^ 

fifwtX^fti:^ (M. Prompt) «ii^ if^^ ^^^t?l 

^*t^?R^ ( APOLLONION ) (^^ (iii^. ^?^-f^ >|lC^M5l 

( J. H. Voller ) sj^ <4^ <2tf^ TfWT "^ I 
^STCR C¥ t^ ( OFEN FLOTE, a wind instrument ) (S[-^ 

i^iaj f^ ( AM ATI, a stringed instrument of violin kinds ) 

'«|^>5 ( OMRITO, a very ancient musical instrument of the 
Hindoos ) f^i^f^c^ cfl^t^ ^f% ^^f^^ ^1^ ^ , 
( see ^^c| ) 

^^flN ( ORGAN, a remarkable and well esteemed musical 
instrument generally used in churches \ cij^j|^ ^f^^fTt5 

ft 



tc^ 



■■k 



'sniFftlR ( ORCHESTRION ) cs^WS^ ^^m^ ^^, 
m, "^^Jsit^T^ ( F- F- Kaufman ) ^t^^? f^% 

^<l ^\ d, ^< ipWri:^ ( F"l^ <=°°<=^rt ) «j;^ 
^rf^'' 'ffllR (ORPHEOREON, a stringed instrument) 

^f% ^ ( ORPHICA, a small and ancient clavier stringed 
Instrument ) ^^^t^ ^S^ f iS <2rfft3{' ^vsTTS I 

^stf^'lR ( ORPHEON, a' stringed instrument ) (ij^iff^f^ 

^Tf^ ( AULOS, an ancient flute) \£(^ <^tft^^1%^ ^' I 
^^ ( ALT GEIGE ) ^^^f^ ,rMt^ ^^ | 
.8(«T^ w^ ( ALT FLUTE ) ^?(j^ -^f^ '^1^ I 
'BR ^1^ ( ALTAMBOR, a drum ) 'vftl^fff®'' Wt%?' 

'jspi^ ( ASOSRA, a stringed instrument ) \^v^>|^f^C*|^} | 

( see schatzotzerooth ) 
^•^^^ ( ASCARUM, , a stringed instrument ) >Q^f?T <f|^ 

. >rti:^r^^?r^n:^ (Waithem) ^n:^^ ^-f^;;:^*!- 



. I • ! 



^^1 ( ASCARAS, a stringed instrument \ ^^^^ 

f^n?^ I ( see ^f^.^^ ) 
^'^^ ^ttt^ ( ASCARUS N AGGALE, an ancient 

Greek instrument of percussion\ €f(]fl»l <^t^f^t«r 

^ir^i^f ( ASKAULOS, an ancient Grecian wind instru_ 

<8tt^f^?|iT ( ACCORDION, a keyed instrument like 
Organetto ) (i;^^ ^f^^^ ^ t£|^S, CWf^ti:^ ^^^^ 

^WtflP- C^Tt'? ( AJ AKLI-KEM AN, a stringed instrument 
of the Turks ) ^if?^CTf%^^ 7^1^ ^t^tt^T 

^l^i(l(.^^l«{*t ( ADIAPHONON, a species of Pianoforte 
with six octaves) ^ " ^tC^vo^v^ til^-St^Ft^ f^flft- 

l^t^ ^5^^ ^^r^fST^ >i7J^^ ( Schuster ) 
!B(tX!8f5rl ( ATHENA, a, species of Grecian flute \ ,^[^ 



>3» If J W IT I 






Victor Sooecher. 

^<^ ^ ( A^GOOL, a recent Egyptian wind in&troment 
made with double pipes ) 'Sft^^ f3I>|?t?fi:?^ ^^ 

(Tfl^t^ "St^f^T^ 'ertt^ I ( Seep. 88 and 93 ) 
'Crt^'-^i^ ( ARCH-LUTE, a stringed instrument ) ^-^ 

trsf^c'^? I ( See f^rs^V^ 

^ff^'lg^f ( ARCH-LUTH, a stringed ii.strument ) ^stS 

<fl^2f^t?^^5^ I (See f«ireT:'r'i ) 

^tf^fi ( ARGYAN, a trumpet ) t3^?I?r3[f?rc»m I 
^*(\ ( ARPA, the Spanish name of the English harp \ 

^*fl v5*ff^ ( ARPADOPPIA, the double-harp ) ^5^^ 
^TtHtC^T^ ( ARHANETTA, a kind of Italian harp) 



^sr'tit^l ( ARMONICA, the musical glasses ) 7^. 
<5rfjff?f'=^rT5^ ( ARCILrUTO, a stnnged instrument ) ^5^- 

^arff^ff^ir^OTl ( ARCICEMB ALO, a clavier or keyed> Inr 

strument) 5t^^ <5lHl*l5tf5lC*flJ |. 
rjiff rT •"T'f ^•: ( ALGHOZA, a wind instrument used m< 

Hinioostan. &c. ^ ^TH^T^" <2r^f% CfC^t <iAk^^ 

19'^^fT^%»t^ I ( See page 79 ), 
■sjfrTTjyi ( ALTOS, a, stringed instrAiment ) ^■ ^^ ^. 

i5rr"^ ^^v^^ - / AT TO BASSO, a stringed instrument ) 

^t^7;T^1"? ^^1 ?1 ^tnit^ ( ALTO-VIOLA orVIO- 
LO, large str'ngecT instrument ^ ^^< l fey|\§^i| ^&\&^<g* 

^|rr 7:^ ^«f ( ALPENHORN, a cow-horn ) C^^tH^- 
^Brt^tf?>r^ ^«ti ( ALAPINl BIN A, an ancient stringed 



-^' 



instrument of the Hindoos ) f^^f^^5f?f (il^ ^fm 

^Tt*TJF^*l ( ALP HORN, a wind instrument used in Swit- 
zerland ) '^^^^f[''>Q cvfc^r -sr^fsr© ^ii^l^ "^1%??;^ i 

<ii^ -m ^iws ^'t^i «jrtT:^ i 

'SrtfWt^I^ ( A SI AS, a cittern or lyre ) (ii^.^ff^rT? ^vj- 
^ I "^m ( Bullanger ) TTtT^i:^? W."^ ^^'?^?? 

^I^Tff^ ( ASOR, a stringed instrument of the Hebrews ) 

^t^ f^K-^ ^z^, ca^?. ^^ 'sn?" t%?r ^?1 ^tf?^ 
T^ I ^^ ^^ ^\f^K c^^«T 5rt^^ ^ti *:f?i 
^^? ^*f I ^^?t%r 'ift^f?^. *ff^^^«i (fl-^^ 
''itf^flir ^u?^ "^t7:^t?" ^^ ^t^ fwl ^Kw^ I 

^^f%»r ( YEUKIN, a Chinese stringed instrument \ 

'^M'^ 'I^ 'IW ^^1 ^tf^^ ^^¥l «itt^ I ^^C^tnt^ 
'tfQ'^^*! ^^tr^ ^«f*lf*t?t«lt ( ^"1^ ""00" guitar ) 

^^Tpif ^ ( EUPHON, a musical instrument \ (£|^<2j^rt?f 



*tfllf«f^ I i«a 



^o^^Kf ^tiJTf^^ef^ ( ENGLISH VIOLET, a very ancierit 
stringed instrument ) ^f^^^fef vStl'ft^ ( ^^°'^ d'mour V 

^Kf^ ^^f'' ( ENGLISH HARP, a large wind instru- 
ment of hauthboy kinds ) ^^^t^?f '^^'S. tsf%?I 

<<tT:¥ I 
^l^^Tj ( IDOUTHUS, a name of a Grecian flute ) (£(^. 

^^¥t«T jl>f«i^ | ( INFALTILlA, a wind instrument ) j^^- 

^^^TI'SR:'^ ^ C^^'^ttll^'T (INSTRUMENTOaCAMPA- 
NEL, a keyed instrument like a piano-forte \ f*nrt^<^1 

\57:^t^ ^?p^(2r^*f^?r«i'^ ^ ^ ^«^l 

C^fsf^ 'Srtr:^ I CT^^fir -2tf^ ^-Sttr:^ ( I^jatoni- 
cally ) TT^ «irti:^ I 
I '^C ' 1<<^ 1 ( IBEKA, a wind instrument like an ambira ) 



im'i m m 



^ ?PT^ -^^^l ^-^ I ( See Ambira ) 
^lir|STf%^ ( lANKIN, a Chinese stringed instrument \ 

^^ufK ^?r f*T5rt?r^'^? ^rrtTT ^ ^'^ ^ -^vf^- 
?V?1 ^^ ^^1 «fti:^ I ^^ ^t*ft=ir?%r cM^ 

^¥Kt^^^ ( lAMBYCE, a stringed instrument y ^^^ 

N*N4*i>5init'*i^ I c^t^T^^ ( Pollux ) Tftt^c'^i^ mw 

^ ^ jfi f ( EARPE, the Anglo-Saxonic name of harp ) ^*f- 

^^tr^ %tf< ( Hearpe )nq ^^ | 
^CTTl ( YO, a flute ) i^-^"^ isf^iR^ | 
^C^t'^t *^* ! ( -^OLINE, a keyed instrument \ (i)^^ 

^m%R r^m.^ ( ^OLION PIANO ) ^^ ^- 

^rTftf^TT^T ^t^ ( iEOLION HARP, a stringed instrument, 
the tones of which, as its nam»5 denotes, are not produced 



-»' 



<?tf?f*f^ 4 ioi 



^MM«ftM«a^M^* 



by the hands of aa artist, but by means of nature herself, 
■through the action of the wind \ i^T^^ 'S'^^iSlf^C 'T? I 

C^^t? ( ^'■- Webster ) t,|^^ -^ ( Moore ) 7rt^?[n5l 

^<^f? ^tCt ^?ll^ ^1 ^C^tf«f^ ^"S^ ^55 % 

^ti[ 'SfTtf^^ ^^^ ^t^mni ^ ^^^ ^iil 
ff cT I Tjf^ve ^^ Tif^^ ^t^? ^^K^^i^ f^f^i^i 

^til ^?1 ^, f^ '©I't ^^ ^<l^ ^«>f ^ 




I ^ 



^r^nrs ^^ I ' " c*f^f^ ^^w ciR^«i csff^^ ^^ 

^Nt's ^tf^ ^wtfw ^'Sttiq ^ti:?t^ ^^n:?!^- 
Ti^l^^ ^'^'>\ '^Wc^ Qst^nc'ttFii ^c^ci c^, w:^n 
^5R?f^^ otsf^^fir *t%^ ^^ ^^^ ^f^^l tf«iin 

(P\^ ft*tt Wi^c ^pfiust^ I 

^ ^t%t^ c^\*tc^ ^ ^ ^^r^ ^t^f^ TffW^, 

^zi c^^*f 'f^it ftnt? «2i^q ^ ^?, ^^ .2rt#i^ 



•tftP^Hfe I w> 



1 



5jf^ ( Abbe Gattojxi) «i:f^ tfl^yiSf^?! ^|[«. ^CatPl^H, 
^|»^f«j^ ( J^etcorological ^^rmonica ) | ^!;^ C'Ft'I 

tfl^f'tE^ (H^^ ^ i[^c^ «I*^?[ <4^ |5|i 

^ratt5rt%^ ?1 ^c¥t^tf^?r^ ( ^olodicon or 

iEOLODION, a keyed instrument ) Ftf'nnS' ^' 

f^^ I ( See '^t^l*!!^ ) 
^tC5Tt<1t^t«T^ ( -^OLOPANTALON, a species pf piano. 

forte) (ii^it^^ f*fTrt^C^tf^^ I ^C^l(.<1irb - 

^mj lf^^ ^irt^ ^t^ ^ '^^RRt^ >W^ 'ertC^ I 
^CirtT:?Iti:^r57tf^^'i ( ^OLOMELODICON, a musical 

instrument of the aeolodicon kinds) ^t ?It' C^ t fe4^^^1^St ^ 

^twR^f^T^ ' ^'% TTc^ ^9\fi (ii^t^ ^n c^^toit- 

f^^ ( Chprol^ri ) | 
^fjj^lfi^ ( ICITALI, a stringed instrument ) <||l^iSf^|r^ 

^ttC^ <il^S. IJ^P^ ^tf^?l1 <il^ ^ 4;4^l4 ^t? I I 



^V 



— ■■ ■- ■— Jfcii I — 



.1 •*< 



5^> ^aw^j 



^'tt^ ( ^GAB, SI Hebrew wind instf ument \ ^^ n i a ^t f^C? !; 

<ii^ tsfro^ I '^fV^ ^t?, w^m ^t? fsif*^ I ; 

' ' / Syrinx or Pandean-pipes \ ^^^J { '\ 
^T ( CRJD, an Arabian stringed instrument \ ^t^g-^- 

^ ty <^ ( UDAKEA, asmall instrument of percussion uced in 
Ceylon ) u)?J0 ^:ff ^Sft^T^^ I ^t^ ^ff^ ^^1 

%?r ^ ( URNEEN, a kind of Chines? violin ) (fl^^ f^^- 

*rni.?iTt?ct?i ?j^Kn ^ c^i 5(1:^ ^^i;^ 5iitir i ( see 

page 67| 

^»»I3^ ( OOMPOOCHWA. a stringed instrument used in 
Africa ) (ii^^^t^ vS^T^T I ^?f ^t^t? ^t^lSf? 



dJ^IW ^1 C^^t^^ ( EXACHORD or HEXACETORD, 

a stringed instrument with six strings ^ '^"^j^ ^^^5W- 

ci|^^ ( ENCHAMBEE, a kind of stringed instrument of 
the Ashantee and Fantee of Africa \ ^frp ^^ ^ft^t^ 

^*? ^rT^f-j *f f "^ "^ir c^tf^^ ^^?n ^^ f*r?n 
>!^ ^T^^rvl ^^ ^"5^" ^f%Tn tf^3 ^ti:f i 

^fHcttf*!^ ( EPIGONIUM, a stringed instrument of the 
ancient Greeks ) ^f\^ i\^f^.'M ^?F 2f ^t3. ^"-^'rar I 

LttlT ( Epigonus ) ^^ ;;rf^af ,ii^ TSf^;^ ;,3f^ ^f^ 

%?R I. 
(ilf^n:^^ ( EPINETE, the spinet ) .f^>?t^^^ T^ \ (See 
Spinet ) 

«i|*^^ ( EPT AC HORDE, an instrament with seven 
strings ) (^^^; n«^^fl^ WS^-^ I ( See Hepta- 
chord ) 



(fl^n^^ ( ERB'EB, the Morocco name ol rebab ) J[T(\^ 

^rt^ 'RWW^r srr^ I (. See page 26 ) 
^flf^PFt^t^ (ELEFANTINE, a flute supposed to be maed 
of Ivory ) (fl^^ '«%Tra[ I C^^ ^ ^f^Tf?:^ 

T^ f5ff%r% I fVWt? ^tf% ( Phaenecians ) tij'^ 

(fl^lpm ( ELEMAS, the name of a Phrygian flute N f^ ^•^ 

"Sf^f^F® ( OPHICLEIDE, a wind instrument concerning to 

wars ) ^i;iT^^^ t9f^^Ti:gf^^p^ I 
^^^5 ( AUTHBOY, a wind instrument ) <fl^^ ^ft?^ I 

( See page 80 and 81 ) 
^Z^ ^^\H Tl ^mf^ ^^tVSn ( CBOE D'AMORE 

or CBOE LUANGO, a wind instrument) ii|^i*f^t?f '^- 

nqi^^ ( OMBI, a harp-kind instrument used in Africa \ 

f^ \f^ "^^ 1^^\*\ ^TTi «rt^ I ^^ Tt? 

>^^^^^( WALDHORN, a large wind histrament 



>——>—■ I i»~»— — i 



r 
i 




generally called French horn ) (^:^^ ^^ 1 f\\*i\'^- 

SsiJt^fWl (OSSEA TIBIA, one of the first wind instrumento 
of the ancient Greeks ) ^tf\;f iift^^ffw^^ <i|^l5t '^^^ 

<^ ( OU, i 'Chinese instrument, playfed "with a bow \ ^^- 

^•^^c) ( kUHHORN, a Swedish or Alpine horn ) cifltp^ 

^55% ^«|j ( CACH*HUPI BINA, a stringed instrument 
of the Hindoos ) fip^c^?i ^15?^C^| (See p. 17 ) 

■^^ ( CONCH, the English name of a Hindoo ^vlnd instru. 
ment called Shankha ) i«t^Tfi:;!J?l %KJ\f^ ^Km] I 

;^^( KARRULI, an ancient Hindoo instrument of 

percussion ) f^J^fin:?!? <2ftft5? ^t5Wr;5%''t? I 
^'0 tWttt^l ( CONTRAFAGOTTO, the large bawoon ) 

^^t'^tr^rt (COOTRABASSO, tKe double ba3s)^^f|^^- 



''l^^^mmm'^-^^mmmmma^gifmmmis:^^^ 



i8». 



f«^ -sf^ijt^ >2itii ^^r c^t^i c?t*r cw^i ^tir =11 1 

f^f*!^ I ( See Double bass \ I 

T«^Wf% ( COATRA BASSE ) \ ;^?j ^^^ 

^%t^mrt?R ( CONTRA VIOLON) ) "sj^j^s^ 7^?.^ | j 
^^?^^^ ( CONCERTINA ) ^^^cff^f^^ cfl^T^T Cft^ 

^ firct^n Ft"^"? ?tcf ^if? ^jfTf^'5 jft^^f^f^ 

^5; (M tal tongues) ^^^.^ -i:^ S^^''^ Tl^^] ^>itU^ I 

^^'tfC^t*? ( KOPPLEDONE , on ancient wind inBtrument ) 

^^^ ^'^ (KOPPLE FELETE, a wind instrument) (^^^ 
■^f^Tf^S; 1 %^i? '^\H lii'^^ ^R (;5?5j^7i^-^«j (^Gemshom) 

^»>5t;^ ( CAMPANUM, an ancient Grecian instrument of 
the bell-kinds ) ^fft^T (aft^fWi:^? ^ IWi^? ISf^^- 



■• • ■■ • ■ • - ■ ■ . ■ ■ ■ 

^K^^ f KAMPUL a Javanese instrument of percussion ) 
^^T^ ( KOMBONE a wind instrument of the Singhalese ) 
^T? 'Sf?^!!^ ( CHOIR ORGAN ) i^-;^^ ^^^Iff^f*!^ 

< H^ ( COR, a horn ) ^?rTr;gf?r^»t^ I 

■^■^ ( CHOR, a stringed instrument like spinet ) f^Pf- 

T? ^rf^C^tfsnP ( COR OMNITONIQUE, a wind ins- 
trument ) ^^■<f^ ^1%?^;^, f%^ ^^ '??©f9r f^" 

f^ I <iit 'Tc;^ Fif^^tiii <^f^ c«rmi ^^^ 5?Jt? 

?F? ^t^Tft'^^ (COR ANGLAIS, along hauthboy ) ^q- 

^^ I ( See vQ-^^ ) 
^Tir^fe f>l^qt?T ( COR DE SIGNAL, a bugle ) (^^p^j. 

^tCM Tl ??^1 ( KERRANA or KURNA, a large trum- 
pet, common in Hindoostan and Persia \ uj^^f^U 



<^. I l »— — W^^ 1^1 . I I » ■ I I ■ 11 ■ I ■ ■ "^ I 



■ ' '■ ■ ■ ■ • • ■ .^.i.. i.»i« ,.... 1 -^ ^1 ■!.! i. P ■ 1 ■!■ .,. , . m 

>8^ "^ICfl^ » 



% 



M^fj? WSm ^tt^ I ( Se? p. 83 ) 
m'Sm ^t ^?^t^ (CARATAL,. 9' CORTALI, tiie metalic 
instruments of the ca^tagnettesr kinds, common in Hindoo- 

stan ) ^Stlllf?^«2t5f51^ vmtlfijPlC,'^^ | ( See p. 109. ) 
^f^f ( CHORIQUE, the name of a species of flute \ 

^m'^n ( CHORDOMETER ) ^^1^^^^ ^^W^T^ 

^.;5f^c^^ I. 

Wc^CWtf^frsi ( CHORDAUMELODION ) -^ 
^C?rtf%?ri ( CHOlipOLODION ) ^ ^tCI^ ^^yf;? 

"ws^ srtar I ^^ ^2. ^\m i 

r 

?5f^ Ft^ ( CORDECHASSE, a hunter's horn ]> (i|^»^ 
^ff^ ts\^ ( CORDE VACHES, a shepherd's horn \ 

^«f ( CORNC, a French horn ) Tpilt^tW^ir 'J^R^ I 
^«f ^o^fl^TI ( CORNO INGLESE, a English horn ) ^^- 

^•T^ ^f>nrl ( CORNO DE cassia, a hunter's horn \ 

^«f f^ ^tCf?:^ ( GORNC DB BASSETTO, ^ ^d 
instr«meijt ) ^^^^ 19^^^ | ;ft^ ?FtfiR?fl^ ^TS 

•^^ m f5T«t% ^, ^i^m^^ >5ti^ ^^ «rrc^ i ' 



- — ■• l"l . l l..- 



^^n^t^ ^f?Tflf^C^^ I ( See "H^Z^^ ^^f) 
'^^\^ ( CORNAMUSA, a bagpipe ) (^7^ "^T^m^ I 

^feT ( CORN I, the Italian pluralized name of horn \ ^jw. 

7^^ ( CORNU, or KORNU, the Roman horn ) (<[lfH 

^?^;^ I ( 2^« P- ^3 and c^^ef ) 
WC^^ ( CORNET, the post horn ) c^t^ ^*f '*f5t't«. *t^- 

^ef^ ^1 f^^^ ( CORNET-a''-PISTONS, a wind instru- 
ment used in wars ) Trf?lf|[^ '^f^il^T^lC'l^ I 

^O "^1 C^'t^^'^ ( CORNET a' BOUQUIN. a wind 
instrument ) cfl^ifj^t? '<©f%?f^i^ I ( ^^^ Bouquin ) 

■^fifj^^-j ( CQRNETTINO, a wind instrument ) ^f^■^- 

•^^«(^^j ( CORNETTO a brazen wind instrument like a 
trumpet ) gt»>s^c^tj grflT f*t^^f^ -^f^^^Sr^- 

*Rf5i^ «ii:t'¥tf ^ ^^ I ^^tc^ c^*t^ ^f?[?l ^ 

' ' ' II ■ I — I 



■ ■ 

WCK^ ^l^ ( CORNETTO TORTO, the name of a 
crooked cornet ) <i3pt<pt?f ^< l?^C.a^ '^WS^ ^ I 

^<i:^ ^3:^ ( CORNETTO ^MUTO, a" very ancient 
species of soft toned cornet ) cil^^^^ ^%i2tt5t5{ 

<f«1(.<i{K ( COLONDRONE, a wind instrument used by 
Italian peasants ) ^s5.t%Pf% f^%5f^ ^fl^-Sf^t^ 

^c^jf ( COLOMUS ) 

■^^^\ *tti:^t^tf%\ ( COLOMUS PASTORAlIS ) -^ 

^«Ti:'ft«1^^ ( COLOMAULOS. the shepherd's pipe, one 

o^the most ancient of all musical wind instrument ) 

c<|^2f^:t^ ,2ftf^v55T Isft^Tf^ til'??. CSR*ft?TC^ ^ 

^Pf^t^ ^r?^ I ( See p. 80 ) 

^t^C^^ ( COLLINET ) ^ill'^^^ii? »t^ (^^ I 

:^f|ff^^H ( KALLINICUS, a Turkish violin \ w^w- 

^^-1^^( CQW-HORN, a wind instrument) cil^ C'tt" 

^^ ^^^ ^t:<i;^? ^if ^^K ^Wj (ii^ ^^x© Ftf?r 

^^ ( KANOON, a well-known stringed instrument of 



Hindoostan ) (^j^ ^St^^lk ^^fm >»'^^a{ I 
( Sefr p. 41 ) 

^tC^fif ( KANTELE, an oriental harp ) ^^ cij'^f 



ttf^^^ I ^^v*\ ^I'st^ 'Stt^n:^^ c<ir5tf5(i1 

«r^t?:^ ^^ ^^^f =T, #t^t?f ^? it:? ^^ ^fr^ 
w^ W mr:^ ^t? <fl^ ^€t^-^ ^ti^ I c^ w 

^^ I v5t^? ^ ( I^r- Clarke ) Tff^^^ ?Tt*f^^- 

f|T:?r5[ I ^c^^* -^\xm ^^? '^^'^ ^n;^ c^^ 



Estuische Volkslieder heransgegeben Von Neus Reval. 

1850. 
I Travles in various countries, by E. D. Clarke. Part III. 
^^-^f^n ( KABA-ZURNA, a large Turkish wind 

instrument used in battles ) ^•?pl?Fll!%f ^'Tf^^ ^^S. 

^tTfC^I ( KABARO, a small drum common in Egypt and 
Abyssinia, struck with the hands ) (<i^^ ^jj Tj^ | 

^l^fS^^Tl ( CARNYNX, a species of ancient Grecian 
trumpet ) ^\^^ ift^lffFn:^? (ij^<*f^t^ ^f^?^;^ I 

^tf?l«1'^ ( CARILLONS, a group of small bells ) ^^. 
^t<l| ( KARNAI, a Persian trumpet ) ^f)^^ ^^Tfj- 

cw% ^^^ I f^^frcf ^ c^t5r«i, <l1^ppf^ (^irm,, 




fk^^sp^ ^5f c^^*r, {\-^\^ c^Vfi'^ 'f^ I ( s«^ 

page 83 ) 

^t^t f* l'<5*T ( CALASCIONE, a stringed instrument, 
common in Italy,swept by the fingers \ i^"^^ ^^^St^" 

^n:^ ^^ ^^^ ^tif CTtfw^ ''tti:^ ^^i^^ ^^1 ^^ 

^1 ^fPl^^ ^f?ra1 «ttl^ I ( See page 39 ) 
<^ i^p [^«i ( CALICHON, a most ancient stringed instrument^ 
in the form of lute ) ^l^Ji ^\^ ifl^ (2ftft^v5^ ^^- 

?Ptf5f7(;^fJjf^ ( CALLISSONCINI, a long-necked stringed 

instrument ) (£i^ ^<4tTtf^f*f^ ^^^HSf^P^^ I 
^t^t^ ( CASTAGNETTES ) ^t^f^T^^ ^Sf^ ^- 

'ff^C^ ^^il -SfF^ C?'*^ ^tlf I ( See Crotala ) 
^if ( KAS, a species of drum ) <il^«t^?[ ^Tt^^^ I 




^-^^ f^*r cii^?. c^^ ^'^ *r^ ^^ c^s^i f^^ur 

^^5t:^»? •sT'^M -^ni^sT, f¥^ f[^xs(^ ^'w^fW^ 

^f%^TC^^ CWt?:W^T^ ( Josephus ) ^^^ (^^ Tf^ 
^^^^ C^^^^C%?J ^^<^ C^f5(f^^ (Genesis) ^^j^ 

^z^n F^f^?.*r ^«frt^?i?f cs^f^?>*t cH ti:^ ^^ 

f^p^ ^cfl ( KINNARI BINA, a sringed instrument of 

the Hindoos ) f^sff^C^ ^^^ nS^T^^ I ( See | 
page 24 ) 

^^p^ ( KIOS, a Turkish instrument of percussion used in 
battles) »^jJ.^W^ycvt5l 7^\^-^ ^U'^*l(S(l^C *t^ 1 

f^yfl^ ( KISSAR. a well known stringed instrument of the 
harp kinds common in Nubia ) f ^^fj ;^'| (;Tf^-^ (il^^ 

ft*li ( Nubian Lyre ) ^^;f | ^ p0 (ijTi^ ^t^ 



5T^^ *ft^^ w^^ ^? ^s^l^F «rti:^ I %^ ^t%- 
^c^. '^T ^c^ 'sit^^ ««^^ Tti:^^ CT^Ti's ^^t?ii 

•sf?!? ^ti:i, «^\ 'sf'^m ^H*\ ^^t^i "^^ f^T-si 
^Tiq I f%«ftirl, P^M <2tf1% ^^^f^^ «ftn 

^^t? ^n I ( ^*^ Kithara and page 2i ^ 
^^^ ( KETUK, an instrument of percussion, conuaon in 

Java ) TitTtltC^fn <il^«S|^iT ^rt^TW^HST I '^^^ft^ 
^^5 TT't^ ( K^EYED BUGLE, a wind instrument used In 

battles ) ^ ui^«f?pt?r 'rNn^ i9%ns[ I 

^^ ( QUINTE, a tenor riola ) cn^^ ?I«(T^ ^^^^- 

^"^fWtt^ ( QUINT FA<K)TT, a double bassoon or 
contra f^otto ) <^-^ ^7[^ ^^ ■^\ ^^ t^'TC^- 



^at ^3Wt^ I 



f 



^^ ^t^ ( QUINT BASS, a stringed instrument ) 

^^^*r ( QUINTERNE, an unused Italian stringed instru- 
ment ) (^7)^ ^Sf^fi^ ^^t^Tf v5^^35f^^? ' ^^1 
CWR^ ^F^ ( Lute ) ■^^;^ ^^ | 

^^\ ( QUNA. a wind instrument, common in Hindoostan ^ 

Ul^^t^rtlT 'StU^'^ "«f??i^;s I 
a^^^^ ■^\ ^^if ( KWETZ or AGADA, a wind instrument 

of the flute kicds, common in Egypt and Abyssinia ) 

^B^ ( KURT, a Hungarian trumpet ) (H^r^ ^[tT^TT ^■ 

^rc^? grtlri (See page 83 ) j 

arfijTj / KUSSIR, a Turkish wind instrument \ (^^pl^ 

fir ^5^^^«t^i m'^ -t^^t^^- 

CiP^^T ^1 (KETTLE DRUM, a well known instrument of 
percussion ) (sp^ ^fl^^ l>^ft«ft^ ^|»<<»*ia{ I f^f^?T 




" ■ ■ ■ ' ■ — ..,.,, . I .1 I .. . . 

(Ebhenger) ^tlT ^^^^ ,fjf^ ^^ "^f^H^ 

^^=^1 ««'a»*r ^"^^is ^ inn5^ ^^^— ^ii^*!-© 

f^l^ ^ I ^'^l J— 'T^^Tt^t^ ( Simple beat )^ f^^. 
•tf^t^ ( Double beat )^ ^jKt^t^S ( Perfect beat )^ ^^'[. 
^f^ ( Divi^d beat ) ^^Jtfw I 
CfZ^ ( KENET, an Egvptian and Abyssinian trumpet ) 

bi^? « ^tf^fi^% ^tf%uf^ <ii^«t^t?r i^f^^Rra; 1 

^^ 'Bft? <fl^^ Tt^ f^ff^^^ ( Meleket ) |. 
^;^p>f^^j5f (KEMKEM, an Egyptian instrument for measuring 

the time concerning music ) fsf^ft^fC^^ <fl^»t ^^>5 

Yllloteau. 

> 

C:^^!;;^ ( KEMAN, a Turkish stHngcd instrumeEi^ w'th three 

strings ) a|?p1St ^**W%ft f^HS^^^ ^^^ I 
C^^t^Ct ( KEM ANGEH, a stringed m^tnnneat of the 

■■■■■ < ! . ■■ " i ^B iMW-lMfc ■ ii« ■ .1 I I ■■ III >il I ] ' ■ — 



Arabs and Persians ) «(!?% ^'^K ^it^^lJflf <il^^ 

( See page 67 ) 
C^^lf^C^ ^ ^;^ ( KEMANGEH a GOUZ, a stringed 
instrument used by the Arabs ) ^t^^ f WZI^^ ^T^^^5 
<il^^ n5^t^ I fsf^tir W^T ( Fetis ) ?^^q (;^^ 
f^%^ ^f ^^ ^^ *l4|^f^? ^1 (See ^(^, 

C^'lt^T:^ M^ (KEMANGEH PARK, an Arabian stringed 

instrument ) <<|^^ "SltlfftW ^^5^ I 
C^^^TIlt Clftft ( KEMANGEH ROWMY, an Egyptian 

violin ) <£i^^ fifTTtt^l Tt^^ mi \ f^^ (^ 

C^^'TC't C^rHt^? ( KEMANGEH SOGHAIR, a stringed 

instrument ) <||^ ^5^51^1%^^? I 
/^jr-ge^ ( KEREN, a Hebrew wind instrnment ^ f^fs:^^Vf^ 

f5ffif^ I c^n«i ^ ^^ ^*t5T c^*fr "2tif%? ^t^ite 



I 




^rf^ ^^ «!ttCT \ <a^ ^ C^fk^l ( Jericho ) 
"f^^ W^^ (Joshua) ^5j^^ ^f^Tt?:? f%f^^ 

TfT ^^r^ «2f5f9f^ ^f'nri fj^ii^^r ^Fr?R i 

(TF^IlvSF^C CELTIC, a trumpet ) a|^ '^T^ • ( ^^® 

(; :^^ | H ( KERAS, a Grecian trumpet ) df^f^ i^^llf 

I (Sees|rt^«f) 
C'^lf^ ^ ( KOKIU, a Japanese stringed instrument \ t£f^^ 

^ H M(. H^^ ^tSTfiJ I ( See c^nft^^ ^ '^^ ) 
C^tCi? ! ( KOTO, a Japanese stringed {n^trument ) cfl'^^ 

f^PTt^ *' ^ f^:TUf% ** fV^C. *' 'raRr ^ir l ( see 
Dutcitner and Kin \ 

^y| ^ ( CAT, a stringed instrum«nt of the Burmese ) l^%- 

^rt?T ^t^tsWt^ I >n:^tfF5'tw ^^ ^t^r c^i^r 
c^U c^U ^i^? ^fwl <!tt7:^, ^^^ CT^<£r^tr?T 

<«^ ?rtT»i ^tc^ I i^ ^^rc^Tii ^ ^^r^ ^"^ 



^*b- 



4 



^itC'©^ ( KANDELE, a stringed instrument common in 

Finland ) f^^ eTfJXIvn?^ «|bf<1v4' *i|^f5 .v5v5^ I 
'Flt'^n:^^^ ( CAMPANETTA, a gro«p of small bells ) 

T?S»<EF ( KROKOCHA, a war-instrument of the ancient 
Hindoos ) 4ftf^ f^ '^ r^C ^ni <S^ ^W^ 1 'I^- 

^\w:^m ^ni^iT t^ ^tir ^?:w^ c^^ ^^ t f^ 

;jpr3f^ ( KROMO, a Javanese instrument of percussion \ 

Ipr^t^ ( CROMORNE, ancient name for the fagotto or 

bassoon ) T^jft^ V Tt^^T ^C^ «ftfN ^ftT I 
-gr»^j T*r ( KROMMHORN, the name of a most ancient 

wind instrument ) i^T^ ^^^\1R 19f^?^n:^ 
7g?|^ ( CRAB, a species of castagnettes \ {^'7^^T^'\j[ 
f35j^f;5r| ( CREMONA, the name of a city in Italy ) 



ft 

f^f^^ ^r^^^ ^®f^ ^^51 "^^r^ * fapcsrtJTi ' 

«fTt^ ^'[l |r^^tf??I'r^ (Straduarius ) <8l3jf% ( Amati ) 
^41^2. tt^t if ( Sterner ) .^^ f^^ ^q ^t^-^JT^^T- 

f^'^T (CREMB ALA, an ancient musical instrument) (ij-^5^ 

f3p^3^ ( CREMBALUM, the Jewish harp ) f^^^ftftl 
frj^7j% ( C RESENT, a Turkish instrument used in battles ^ 

^ ^ / KROUZ, a stringed instrument of the Welsh \ ^Q^- 

TJF^t ^ ClPl^t ( CRUTH or GROWTH, an instrument 
common in Wales, resembling a violin, but mounted 

with six strings ) ver^^^ ^tW^i «r^f%^ 'Jt^ttC^T^T 

"^U (Finger-board) f^fif^ | t^^\j(\ (i|^ ^ ^ff?^ ^ « 
^t.'TC^ ^^t^ ^t?t*t?J ^'Tk ( Violin ) ;^^J^ 



C3*t^ ( CHROTTA, tiie corrupted name of cruth, crwth 

or crouth ) ^ (if ^n:^ 5ltS(tt^*f I 

Fetif. 
C3F^5 (CROWD, a species of fiddle ) ^^ (i|^(2f7Pt^ ^^- 

C^f^^tTT ( CROTALUM, a species of castagnettes ) yj-^- 

Crotala ) | ciFt^fTIt^ C^Z^m ( Crotale ) ^ 
C^l^lf^lC^ ( Crotolistrae ) T^ij ^?[ | ( See Crotala 
and Corotal ) 

C-i|»t^1ll ( CROTALA, ^apecies of castagnettes of the 

Greeks) tl^^fwc^TlI ^^f^t^t'TI ^t^lrfSR:^ 

if^ i^^ ^[um 'F^^^ Tt%^^ it^i Tt^ I 

C3FtNi>l*ll*l<ai ^ ^"O f^^e^ I ^^^ tfl^ <«?? <r^ 
(il<p <f|^ ^^ *f%1, ^fy"^ ^«t^1 ^ •^rt7:^T \5t^ 



■■■»" 



(See ^^^^t^^^^jN^t^) I f5I^^W%^ lil^^r ^i^C^^ 
CSPt^tCII ( CROTALO, an instrument like crotalum ) 

C'lPtf'I ( CROWLE, an ancient English wind instrument \ 

iprf^j ( KLANI, a wind instrument common in Siam ) ^lSf\^- 

C?|?n? 4^ '«f^?TOSf^C*m I ^^t^ "Tt^? '^- 

^l^? ( Flageolet ) ^^ | 
ip|f%^ (CLAVICHORD, the pianoforte ) f^tUtt^Tt-CTtl^^ 

jf^ I ( See 1st note page 47 ) 
g(^ { f;^^j^ '«^^Jt^ ( CLAVIER ORGANUM, an organized 

pianoforte ) cfl^ Ftf^^;>5^ M(5(r<IC*f^ I 
?Ftf^^ '|.C5T# ^ ( CLAVIER ELECTRIQUE, a clavier 

or keyed instrument, invented by De la Borde, a Jesuit ) 

^ ^1 CTtf^ ^^ Wt^^ C^^^ ^^^ ^tf^f ^ 
3Ftf%^t?f "Htf^ ( CLAVIER GAMBE, an instrument in- 

■ 






ia»\ "^iic^t^i 



vented by Hans Haydn, in 1709 ) tii^igt^^rfif T^t^- 

^tf^f>R«ff?ra'I^ ( CLAVI€IT«£RIUM, the spinet ) 

f^^Sl^^^ I %^^ W\^U -^f¥ ( C^a^'" ^^/^ ) 
««^^ ^tfWtlf ff\^ ( "Clavier cither )>q ^^ , ( See 
1st. note p. 47 ^ 
3l1f%f%^ ( CLAVECIN or CLAVESSIN, a species of 
French spinet and it is also called harpsich<M-d \ ^e^■^. 

"2t^t?f ¥t^TW%^ f^tv?^;^ lilt's ^c^ ^*ff^^^ 

<i|^?. ^t^ CfrC*t?f -f^rrn:^ l ( see Clavlcimbel and 
Symbalo \ 

?FtWl^^ ^C^-^ ^^K J^f^^ ^HfjT^ ( CLAVESIN 
ACQUSTIQUE and CLAVECIN HARMONIEUX, 
arc t\vo stringed instruments, of which the first was 
invented in the year 1771, and the other in 1777 ) w^^ 

^^^ I ^^«fj ^^^^ ^<\<^^ (<1^^ 'Sf^ ^«^«)<^ 

\^t^ ^irtf^^^^ ^^tfl^r I 

3Plf%f%^ (^ f»f% f% 7p^ ( CLAVECIN A PEAU DE 
BUFFLE, a species of harpsichord ) c<i^,2(^f^ >5n5- 




( Leatiier-tongued jacks ) ^\i^ | "^c^^^y «r ^tT^ <i|^ 
?Ftf%f^ ^tl^ ( CLAVECIN ROYAL, a pianoforte ) 

tfl^<st^^ N©^Ti^ I ^c^ ^^ 1^^^ ^ift^ ^nraj? 

( Gottlob Wagner ) ^^ f^ff^^S I 
IFtfe fi^gJ^ (CLAVICIMBALUM; an ancient musical 
stringed instrument, with thirty strings placed perpendi 

Gularly) (i|^^ cErtft^r ^^^1 ^\VS ^^?(t^ 
?Ft^f'T^t^1 (CLAVICIMBALO, the harpsichord ) ^■(«f. 

S'tfsf'l^^reT ( CLAVICIM-BALE.. a stringed instrument ) 

(^^^ ^S^S^ I ( See |p|%f^;f ) 
?FtM*t ( CLAIRON, the trumpet y »^?r;^ | (See 

?Ftf^W^ 'ff«l^^^( CLARICHORD orMANICHORD, 
a musical instrument, in the form of a spinet \ |»5>|^. 

C^^ 'Sft^H?!^ ^-^^ ^^ ^1 (See fj*!^^^ ) 
SFlf?^5^ ( CLARION I 
3Ptf?f«^ ( CLARIONET )^ 
?Ftf^^^5# ( CLARIONETTE )^ 
IFtf^^t^ni^l ( CLARIONETTO ), 



)j»8 "^at^^ r 

3Ft% ( CLARIN I 

5ft%^ ( CLARINET ), 

ipt^^^l ( CLARINETTO .) ^7[o^ 

?Ftf?(^*l1 ( CLARINO, these are the w^U known wind ins- 
truments almost of the same kind, but for the variety 
in tone and form they are designated under these 
different names ) cfl^ Tj^fTf^ ^^1% ^t^ tfl^f^^f ^- 

19% "^m^ I^^TT *rf<l^tf^^ ' Itfif^^^ ^<^1 ^5tf?^ 

««^^ ^?i(3rt^ ^^ ^^ «rti:^i t^i^f^^ ^rr? 

^5|^ ( Bass clarionet ) | ^%«lt ^t^ ^t? <^^^ 

^^t^ ^ ( Organ stop ) ^«ff ^ ^^frt^nn:^ ^^- 

^1^ ( CLARO, the a'Bbreviated name of clarino )jp )Qc *l1' 



/ 



"-r ^ 



'>/ 



•■ ' / — r * V Mi 

?PtC^1l ( CLARTTO, the abbreviated name of claf iji^tto V' 

C^'^f^TJfft ( CLEPSYDRA, an instrument originally used,. 
to measure time, by the fall of a given quantity of 

waters ) iil^<2r?Ftir 4l«1>li*f^ 'I^f^^ I ^^^ 

^1-lU 4i^U ^t^ 'TCnS t^t^?f '^t^ ^^1 ^^- 

^^ I tfl^n:^ c^N c^^t^T ^^\^ ^ijit cvf«(l ^ I 

( See p. no ) | C^^fjinfftir 'tf^ ^'TtW? %W 

C^t^ ( CLOCHETTE, a small bell ) igrff ^.%-| | 
^ltC*t^ ^ l^ ^< ( KLAPPEN FLUGEN HORN, the 
keyed bugle ) if^f^^ ^$f5f T^g | (See ;^ 5f?f ) 

^«.3» ( KHONG-NONG, a metalic instrument common 



^H^ ctm ^^^®fn ^<^^ 'f['<^t ^f?-srl 'fl^ 

Tf;^ 5tf^^ ^^ (il^ !lt*|-5ft5f ( Ran -nan ) ^t^^ v5JT5j- 

%?i ^^ <fl^^ ^n:^ if^ ^^ ^f?^ ^^ ^^ I 

^«?tt ^1 ^Sft ( KHANJANI or KHANJARI, a small 
instrument of percussion, common in Hindoostan ^ 

^^?ri 'ftr^ I cf Rc^ '^'??i ^z^ ^%[1 1^ ^t^t 

^f^TTH C^t5#C^ ^ "^^Wt^, CTNlfe 1?.'®?^^ 

cwRi:^ f^fr^ «(*t?.^ ^i:^ 5^?r i ^t^ ^rW 

<il^?s f^^ «ft^«l ^f?¥l f^t^«f ^ti^ f5«i«. ^wfe^ 

I 



I iPWP^i m L I 



Ill I »fc1»A«>^»— 






«t^;5m ?1 ^^J®t^ ( KHATTAL or KHATTALI, the 
instruments of the castagnettes kind common in 

Hindoostan ) vot5r©^^'£n?f'r5 ^^W^C*t^ I ( See 
ps. 1 06 and io8 \ 

^^^ ( KHAMAKA, a recent percussive instrument of 
the Hindoos ) f^f^^^ (i|^^ ^t^f??^ ^^"^ I 

*t?f^©t^ ( KHARATALI, the metalic instruments of tlie 
Hindoos ) f^s^fW^?!^ T^:f^tnsf?l^^ I ^^ Tf^^n:^ 

^^:^^^ C^?1 ^^ ^^ ^t^f3ji¥l ^^i^tw^ 

f<l^t?rl ( KHITARA, a stringed^ instrument of the 



.1,. * f " '- -■*--'- — ■- - J 



ancient Greeks ) .fft^^ tft^Jf ?f <^^ ^n5^ I 
( See f%^f$r| and p. 2 1 ) 

C^t^W^ ( KHOREDUK, an instrument of percus. 
sion common in Hindoostan \ ^^ ^t^t^^^'^tg f^ ^ 
^t^l^^r^i:*!^ I ( See p. 104 ) 

C^t«T ( KHOLE, an instrument of percussion of the 
Hindoos ) f^s^f^ctfT tfl^Sf^t? ^f^^^f^i:*f^ I 
^r?r ''It^ <2ttTl ^C^ ^J\^ I ( See p. 96) | f^p^ 

TC«fT ^'tf't^ I ( See ps. 94 and 95 ) | f?n:'«t?^S 

5t^ ( GONG, an Indian musical instrument of percus- 
sion, of a most extraordinary vibration \ ^j^ ^^^- 

'^tft ^^^*t^ ^T^?Rrt^ I ^^t5^ ^^T?F ^^^^ 

cil^^N^^I ^^C^t^ ^S^ ^f^TTl ^f^r^^ (Seepages 
106 and io8 and Dictionary of Music by J. F. Dan- 

neley ) j ;^|^^ ^19^ ( Carl Engel ) Tft^^ ^l«W 



J J - - — ' — - - - ■ 

^v^^ ^9r^ M^k^ ^^?iwti[i ^fw^ ^^ I 

"HS -^v§ ( GONG-GONG, an African instrament of percus- 
sion ) ^f^ftif ^'T^f^? I ^ CaW^^ <fl^N 

c?fti^«^?Tl ^f^ ^^ '^rtc^ i ^Bft^tur? c^*t^ 
^f^? if^^ ^^t^ ^c5Rf ^t^«rr ^ti:^ l ( see 9t« 

and ^*f^^ ) 
5^^^ (GUZLA, a musical instrument mounted widione 
string made of horse-hair ) ^p^^CB^?! <4^v5^f'(f*t^ 

'tWs. ^ 'TN^'Ptl ( GAMBUNG or GAMBUNGK AYU 
an instrument of percussion, common in Malay and 

Indian Archipelago ) (Jj^^t^t? '^Sf^^ ^t^T^^ 1 

INn 't^.t (GAMBUNG GANGSA, an instrument like an 
European harmonia ) (fl^ ^ Off^tl^S 1W^1>1 ^% 

9ff^ ^' GAMBA, an ancient stringed instrument ^ (H^;^ 
RmtHWi (Violincello) ^pj^^ ^^ <fti:^ | ;^- | 

— ~'^^^— ^ i_ . - - - - ■-i-~-~~~^^~^ 



cH "^viy^f^CKi fs n^ ^^ i^ ^if^^t ^^ 

^ ^tW ( ^***^ <'* Gamba \ \ 
^ t C ^t C^ ^ ( GALOUBET ; a wind instf ament with three 
stops ) ^■^ fm^f^^ "^f^?^ I ^WC*\ ^ 

^«r^f%^, f^ ^<r5T ^<(5T ^t^ C^*f ^rf^vS ^ I 
f^S,(3rt^ (GINGRAS; a kind of wind Jittslrulflent) (fl^i^t^^ 

f^f" ?lt?R ( GINGLARUS, an Egyptian small flute ) <i|^ 
ff}^ ^ GIGA, an unused stringed instrument ) (i|'<;f>^ ^£[- 
f^t^tf ( GITTITH, a stringed instrument of the Hebrew, ) 

c^^^%yh^ (Psalms) in:!f^^ ^itfw^ 

f^pSt^ ^ f^^N5t?1 (GUITAR or GUITRA, called in former 
days the cittern, mounted with six double rows of strings 
madfj pf.wire ) <^:^,2j^l^ ^^^ J *r#3pt^ ^^tCT? 



( See pages 20 and 21 ^ | 
f^^f (NGINOTH, the general name for all stringed 
mstruments of the ancient Hebrews ) iffff^ ffl^*P)CH ^ 

«^^tf%^ ( GUIMBARDE, the Jews'-Harp ) fi(^ft%9t^ 

^\9^ ^ GUPAK, a violinkind instrument of the Rusr- 
sians, hut not good ) 1?%%^ («^ ^^^^Sf- 

«rt^ ^, Pf^ ^^ src^ I ^ti:« f5^ 'S^ 

^7{ f% ( GUSSLI, a very ancient stringed instrum^t of the 
inhabitants of Russia ) ^| ^f^IlttTt^^tf^^ ^t%- 

^rcanr wtin ( see 

^f^ ( GUSSI, a harpfcind instrmnent of the Russians: V 

^^c?ir ^*f^t^?f ^i^f^^ I (^^^ ^\f^ ) 

Ctt^^ ( GOMUKHA, a most ancient war-instrument of 
the Hindoos ) f^ajf^^f^ <ii^ ^-ST^ I^R3I I 





\ 



SIX ^arc^'pt^ I 

■ 1 ■ ■ , IIP 

>i^kl^c.v55i w:^ TC?T ^^ ^^ ^i(tm. I 

C^ttlTlS ( GORAH^ a stringed iostrument of the Hotenttots ) 

1^^^^ ef.ifvbw^ t«^«rnii ws^^ I ^^ ^rtrf? 

C^tt^^ ( GOSH RING A, a most ancient wind instrument of 
the Hinddoos, made by' cow-horn ) ^-j. f^'^f^^Hf 

<2t^ ^^ ^n:5(^ to«r ^srtc^ i <5[c^ ^?>r2.^JT- 

C^^ ( GOUDAE, a Russian stringed instrument \ ^^ 

tF% \6\6*|4lRC"l^ I ( See ^^5^^ ) 
<2t^^^r5rhr ( GROS TAMBOUR, a large drum ) (fl^. 

iSttf^ ^f5i ( GROSSE CAISSE, a name of large drum ) 
«2lt«i "^M ( GRAN C ASSA, a large drum ) ^^^Sp^TJ^- 
flfs^ ( GRELOTS, the metah'c instrument common in 




France ) rf^ (;^^j( (i|^«2t^t? ^^m ^^f^ CWR?:^ 
«(WWIf '^ ^T^-^H ^m ( See ^ ^^ ) I 
^^«t CnH ^^tT?F C»tt^?R '^IT I ''ir^^ 'IWt^f 

C<srS ^l^'W^ ( GRAVE CYMBALUM, the ancient 

name of harpsichord ) ^^ffTf^ if^^ "SfffU ^ I 
jjjjj^^ ( GLASS-CHORD, a clavier musical instrumentN 

^ Tl ^ ( GHARRI or GHARREE, the Indian'gong ) 

^s.^tf? «rti^f3rf^^ bMMi m!P(C^ I ^1 ^ 
j^% «r^^ ^5it«Wa? ^?ri «ftr^ i ( see p. 109 

an<* 9t«) I ^^-*ff«?lt«?t^ <^% ^n^^«tt^ (Thalia). 
5^^ I ( See tifW ) 
^^ f QHUNTA, the very ancient Indian bell ) ^ t?( ^^Mfi( 
vm^dif^(.*i*l I ( See p. 106 ) I (fl^ Ti^ ^Tj 



ii« iarc*w I 



\» 



^-i%i in^ ^vfwi «rti:^^ till?. '^,'rtsTti:«m 
*3tifftir ^ c^f?n:*r ^nr^-^ ^rN^ ^t^i tfj:^ 

^n^*^ ^t%l ^ifitl^ '(tt?!^ ^^i ^fni^)^ I 
^'^rsT I (fl^^ «[<t?jtt^ ^rt^ ^?^%t m^^ 

^^ '^ttt'P I ( See ^f ^^ ) I ^©tir^R^ <^- 




^ ^'^1 ^ '«tt^1 <«1?. ItfW^ ^^T(1 ^f^ I *fw- 



■ g_|U J T I '' T 11 b I -■ . ^ mm r. i i i " ■ ^— »«*^l V '> ■!■« 

1 



- ■ ' 

I'^'tWI ?^3fS ^TS ^I^TtWI'^ ^« II 

^%t«R% f^^^ ^^t*f ^W'*^© ^\K\m I ^^1 
'«idtf%'^ ^fir^ c^t^ 15^ ^ t ^m ^-\rn w?- 






%M» "^31^^ I 



I If I ■! 



c^«f 'Sif^ ^f^r^ «ft5rl «i^[?r'r ^n:^ i aiigr»ii^ic<i 

( See fo5|^^^ ) 
^'^] ( GHUNTIKA, a small bell common in India ) t^ 

^«fwtw TTir^ ?Ftr% ^n^^ ^^ «in^ i ( see ^^ 

and «J5^^| ) 

■ • 

^^ ' ( GHURGHARA, a stringed instrument of the 
ancient Hindoos ) ^f^^ f^»f7?r? <il^€W^ ftlt" 

^%l ^ ^f^^l (GHURGHARA or GHURGHARIKA, 
the Indian small bells used on some ornaments of the 
children ) ;ap3f^Tjp% fij^f^^ <Ff^^«| (i,^ ^ 

^m cil^^ ^p[ f%%% ( Kingkini ) I ^j^\ Ti^jTf^ 
^1?l^ Tl ^"It (GHURGHARIKA or GHURGHAREE. 



•T->- 



*tf?[f*t^ I S11 



a musical instrument of the ancient Hindoos ) <£ftftvr 
f^fil H* ( GHIRIF, a Turkish wind instrument \ ii(^^ 

William C. Stafford's Oriental Music. 
^n"®? TI ^? ( GHUNGUR or GHUMUR, the Indian 
ankle bolls ) '^ <^-^e^J ^tl^^T^k '^^W I 'T^ 

^ 'RR ^ITS ^t^f ^'RI ^?^? ^i:ir I '^^^K 

«n:*t^tf ^ n^^fir c^^, ^f?r, ^^m, f^^r <2fff% 
<2rt>fr ^r^Rc'tii ^h> ^^m ^fiiiri cw^m ^ i ^<?r 

f*r, 1^, C^«l» ( ^°^- P- T. French ) ,jj|^ ,j|^q^ 

^, '^st^ -^f^i ^tmtf^ ?t^F?i tt*rw^ *r^^ 

^, <ii^?. ^j^^nr? *t3fTt^?:?p?^8 ct^ *t^ ^<- 

^T^ <ftfT^ ^^rl 'P^:^^ *t«t«m ^*t^ ^ I 

Col, P. T, French's Catalogue of Indian 
musical instruments, from the Proceedings of the Royal 
Irish Accademy. Vol. IX. Part I. 

■ II —^^mmm^ II 111 I 11 ■ II I I- . I « I »■ I ■ ■ - 



»■ ■ f I ■ I I !■ ■ 11 » » 111- I MP I I ■ I. I .... ■ ^^^»»M1 

^f%^ 11 T^'^t ( GHOQNTIKA or QHOONTEE, the 
Indian ankle bells ) ^t^r^^% ^5|Tf^f^»r^ | ^^ 

^^^ / CHARKI, an Indian instrument made by a piece of 

^{^^ f CHARCHARI, an instrument of percussion of the 

Hindoos ) f^%«h| («^ ^rt^ril^ \ ( Seep. 2 ) 

^^,^^^1^ ( CHATSOTSEROTH, a wind instrument of 

the ancient Hebrews ) .gftft^ fwfwt^l <«^ "TSfll 

- 1^fir»t1 I 1^*mtl^ ^^n ( Moses ) ^ Tjn^ 

1? umbers, x. 2. Jtc. 
5gfi[^ (CHALUMEAU, an ancient wind instrument made 

of wood ; also of the reed kind, made of pewter \ (fl^^ 

^^\11 ( CHASOSRA, a Hebrew wind instrument ) dj^ 

. fil^Wt^ ^fl1l3[ I ( See F^^'5.11«t^) 
I Ft^^tC^?rl ( CHAtZOGERAH, a Hebrew trumpet ) 



<fl?^ f^^fW5rt€t<Sf "^^F^ I ( See (T^i\ and 
P- 83 ) 
FtCTf^^tvS ( OHALEMPUNG, a well known stringed ins- 
trument common in Java Island ) trt^Ct -^fFf^fN^ 

iftt«ic and dancing, by Crafawrd> Esqr, from the 

Histdry of the Indian Archipelago. VoL I. 
f|r ( CHE, a Chinese instrument mounted with 
twenty five sillc strings) tR%^ •? f^»t^ C?RT-^- 

William C. StaSotSfs (kUntal Mude. 

f^i^ ( CHING,7a name of Chinese Cheng \ ^^ )^^ *^o^> 
^C^ <fl^ 5rt^ I ( See (55^ ) 

Ibid, 
fp^^ ( CHIKABA,,an Indian stringed instrument V «^^. 

f^^«|i ( CHITRAPINA, an ancient stringed instrumert 
Of the Hindoos ) f^^f^C^ (4]^ *(?lt^^ ^gt^rr^ 



"'*^^''*iM»--MM^^aM» 



f^WH ( CHINNOR, a Hebrew stringed instrument ) ^■^'^ 

( Kinnor ) j (Sec f^^^ ) 
(|^«^ ^ CHENG, a Chinese musical instrument \ tii'^^ f^ 

^t^ ^twj'rar I ^^«^ '"Tt^t? <^r^ ^tcfi^ ^rtir 1 
^vs ^Wc^ "51^!% ^^t^i '^rt^sj I 

• - 

C1?f^^ ( CHELIS, a harpkind instrument of the ancient 
Greeks ) e^f^^ (^f^C^^ (H^^ ft^ltWt^TT ^ I 

William* C. Stafford. 

OS^^Jtrrl ( CHOWTARA, an Indian stringed instrument . 
mounted with four strings ) ^ ^ >^ <^^ ^t^'^tWt^Sl^ 

^rc^ '^it ^^^ I ( See p. 62 ) 
•pj'j-*^ ( CHANG, a harpkind instrument of Persia ) vff^^ 



ffC^ <fl?i*t ^XW( ^ ^ I ( See 5Kf ) I f^ 
( Lane ) tUT^ (fl^^f^t ^n;^ ^^ ^Ttf^ if^ 7\o^<3i^ 

Ousley. 
Wt f^ ^ (GHALIL, a Hebrew flute of the chalumeau species) 

^5t?t'^ ( JOGOJHUMPA, an Instrument of percussion 
common in India ) ^^tWI^ ^T^^ ^^ ^H ^^^- 
f^^Tif^ I (Seep.i62) 

^^^^ ( JOYGHUNTA, the ancient largest bell of the 
Hindoos ) f^j^^ «rift^ ^S^ ^^^ I Or^- 

fsrf^rs ^^ ^rc^?r 'if^^ <ii^*( ^ is.^5J ?sf^ 



— ^ - -- ■ 

gp:ay^ l ( JOYDHACCA, the largest and anclient drum of 
the Hindoos ) f^^fjf^^f^i ^^^ ^ *^V^^ ^ V- {% m I 

^ f^trr? ^t«rR Ttf^^^ «ft?:^ t ( See p. loo ) 
^^rtf (JOYSHRINGA,the lai^est trumpet of the Hindoos) 

^^rf^ tr^ ff^— <iHR:«i ^^fJTT ?rt?f?T^ fe^*m- 

( See p. 84 ) 

;bf^«|1 ( ZURNA, a wind instrument of the Turks used in 
battles ) ^-jjr^f^^n:^ <H^ >rN%^ "^f^?^ I 
. ^? ^^? ^ ^ ^^?tf«r ^^? ^ ( See ^p^. 
W5[«11 and ve^:^ ) 

^^T^^ ^ fWf^ ( JALABHAUDA or BHURRBHlT- 
RRf , an Indian ln«t«imeht for children ) (ii^^s^ ^t?^- 

^'^% ^^ T^'t ^g^ ^^ '<P'^^ 'fir'T ?tf«rTrl t^ 
f'l'f^ ^«i^ ««ftt^ I 

Wtf^ ^^1 ^^ ( ZATl2E>f ZHANZE, a wind instrument 
of thte Negros ) f^,2j|f^,t^ ,<i|^^ ISf^f ^ I (See 

^tf%^ ) 

— -• -~ • n ■■■■w^i I.,, ■■■ '•■r— , .i i w 11. 1 1. ^i „ .. , i. ^ i^, „ , „ . , t .. . J . 



, , I , 111 - - I I -1 - I I ■ ■ IHII I I — III! ■- ,_■■- , ^ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 

^•Hff^^ (ZANORPHICA, a species of clavier instru- 
ment, and performed upon with a bow \ (i|^<2f^^^ ftf^- 

^|^i99f^5t "Tl ( ZAMPOGNA, an ancient Italian wind instru. 
ment ) ^^7^ ^^T^TT -Sftft^ "«f^^^ I ^ ^ ^IT 

( Chalumeau ) :!(\ 7tt?fjf3[ ( chalmei ) (£|^ Ti?,^t7:v5sQ 
( clarinet ) ^^ '^^'^^ ; f^ ^WZI^t^l "^"^l^^ I 

^rtiri (See p. 88 and ^\i^9[] ) 
fW^f^f ( GINGIJE, a Phoenician wind instrument > (<1^^ 

t%P(%r '^f^i^ I - ^^ <2rt? <ii^ ^ tw^''f^f*f^ 

- • • ■ ■ • . 

Stafford's Oriental Music. 
fW^W?t^ (GINGLAR US, a small Egyptian iHiute) cfl^ 

f^^H ^t^CI>H ( JEUX D'ANCHES, awind instrument 

i9ade of reed ) ^■^'^ s^firf^ ISf^?^ I 
^^^Sr .( ZINKEN, an ancient wind instrument made o^ 



% 



wood ) ^-^^ ^tififf^ «rtft^ "<&f^^^f^I?^ I 

^WV\Tf[ ( J I INGLES, sittflU bells for using Oil drum ) '^^- 

f^sy ( ZIL, Turkish castagnettes uaed in battles ) ^'^p^- 

William C. Stafford. 
^^^ ( JILLA, a common copper kettle drum of Hindoo- 
stan ) ^T^^ ^5t5l^4^C^i» ^'T f^^ 'rtftUl 'Slt^- 

Ibid. 
fV^^^^t^^ ( XYLHARMONICON, a wooden harmo- 

* 

nica ) cii^^Sf^Jtir ^ f^^ ^t*^^t^ I 
^^ (GIGUE, a species of stringed instrument ) iil<Fi£|'^^ft?f 

^ Tfig ^t^ cTf(?n <2r5f?r^ f|^ I f¥? ^ <t«i»- 
?*t ^t^t'ftT:^ ^'l c?n:^^ (Rebec) is^^t^ ^ta[ 

<tf^«l^ ?5^?rt fl^T '^f^l C^«f ^1 (See cif^^ ) 
W% ( JUNK, an Arabian harpkind instrument ) U|^i^ 

'BJtlRW^ ^*^t€tTr ^f^rl^ I ( See ^5^ ) 
^pqr^ ( ZUFFELO, according to Chambers, an Italian 

flute or flageolet possessing a shrill sound, and like 
the whistling of small birds ) CS^\y[ "^tC^V^H W^ 



T — ^==£1— :— ^— ^— ^^— — — -^— III, ^ --1, - — ^ , . ^ 



♦tt^fP^ I ifc-t 



^3r cfl^t. ^« *f%^«i"5 f*ii:*f? ^^ J 

W3f^ ( ZUMMARAH, an Egyptian wind instrument jnade 
by two reeds ) f3f3rn7:vf% fwr^f^f^*^ I ^-^ (71 

m*r? ■^if'^'ftH!! 'Bff^ f«ti( Tf^ I ^^t^ ^^ ^j:^ 

fhf%^ I ( See -ajl^^^ij ) 
wy^.^*f'' MEWS-HARP, an instrument made of iron ) 

^!T^[f3T^?1 sB ^t c ^g «tW^ ^%i f^^^twl ^tw^- 

flfirt 1«im ^¥l «^tl^5( 1 ( See J. F. Danneley's 
Dictionary of Music ) | ^^ff^^ CW^ 'l^^fT ^^ 

(Trt!^ 5rt^r^ <«^*t ««^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^' 

«tt« l^TTl ««ttf^T:^ I ( See p. S3 ) 
CWT C^rf'R ( TZELTZELIM, an instrument of percussion 
of th« Hebrews ) fij^ftW^ (fl^<St^t^ ^R^ ' ^ 

5.8 



jm»a»» 



I 



Cft^^ (JOBEL, according to sottie -musiciani^, a winci ins- 
trument of the trumpetkindand used hy the Hebrews \ 

Exod, xix. 13 ; Jos. vi. 4, 5, 6, S, 13. 

^JJI ?1 •^*t^ ( j HUN J A or J HAN J, a metalic instruiftent 

of the Hindoos ) f^^^<5t^ cfl^«r^t?r «ff>T^ ^^m i 

;^^ ( JHURJHARA, a Hindoo instrument of pei-cussiojj \ 

^^t^ ^v5?I Tl -^VS] -^t^ 1 ( See p. 100 ) 
7f7i% ( JHURJHAHI, the jhurjhar and also a species 
of Hindoo cyniibal ) ^^%5i;g (i|^^ f^fWtt? vg^- 

?f5Tfr, ^tt ^ ^ ( JHALARI, JHALLARI and J HA- 
LL!, hurruka or jhurjhar of the Hindoos ) ft^fHC^ l ^ 
^/^ ^ ^t^'iltfig I ( See ^ ^j aAd ^-^ ) 

•^te^ ( JHHLLAKA, a species of metalic instruiftent of the 
Hindoos) f^f^^ttf ^?,%f;if^v5 ^^5M^I 



( See ^^p^t^ ) I (^\ Tm^^f^':^'<^l^ ^ .^tC'rtlT 

■^zm '^'(^^ ^^rt^ 'sitT:^ I 

^"'t^- ( JHANJH.ARA ) | ( See ^^\. or ^*^ and p. 

io8 ) 
•^Hfl ( XnANJHABI, the small jhanjara ) c^ 7f\^J 

fiirfg ( JHILLI, an ancient Hindoo ihstrument made of 1 
metal ) f^r^f f^^fif ti|:^^ '^IM^I^f^C^t^ I *t^ ^^- 

» 

«**tlt< *t»fIC^ 'TtWJ'^Cf '?'55tift«n?II^ 5 H * 

MT^ 7f1 ^3^ ( JHUNJHUNI or JHUMJHUMI, an 
insfcrument of the Hindoos for children ). fr'Jf ^tf%^ 

isin <fl^ ^ ^'^ c^ ^^.1 «ii^"^, '^t't^^ 

'&'^-C^ (TUK-KAY, a stringed instrument like a lizard, 
common in Siam ) (Si^^ ^^^&S^L*\^. I l5<^lb- 



4>)J^<^ ( TAKATANTRI, *n ancient •tringed instru. 
ment of the Hindoos ) f^s^^ u)^ ^^^ 

^^?ar I ( See Tilft^-W*f«l ) 
^w ( TOPH, a Jewish instrument of percussion ) f^w^ 

( Timbrel ) ^^\ ^7(jj^ ( Tabret ) ^^^ | ^^ 

^ '^ «rt^,*' 'TC^ 'TTt? I ( See ^5^ and ^^^ ) 
^T -^ ( TOM-TOM, a species of drum \ U|^«ft^rt^ 

^fij^^ ( TAMMETAM, an instrument of percussioa 
common in Ceylon ) {£|^«f?jrt^ m|i^m^|a{ I ^T^- 

C*f% 1?^^ ?TTt^ ^ft? ^^?ri f»f?.^*nt^ 

^t^Cfl ( Kaddipow ) ^^ ^tttrt^irl ^ 

^^•tf^lfSI ( TERPODION, a curious musical instrument 
like harmonium, made by Buschmann ) ^^^liff^ .ff^^ 



■•»■ 



nVif^ I >vi 



'ft^ C^^ ( ^^'^^ "^ S*x Cobourg ) (fl^ ti^;^^ 

<flt^*r ^^ «msr i^dR i 




( TABRET, an English instrument of percussion ) 
i«^ %\Kt^ ^af^i^ I (See ^<jt?r or ^tt?^ ) 

( See ^njt >5^ and ^ ) 

^tC^? ^1 ^U?ta^ ( TABOURor TABOURET, a 
small drum beaten with a stick ^ (i|^^ v^ 1>^- 

^ \9^ (TALLEA, a bronze instrument of the Singhalese^ 

^ ^^im 'rf^^ ^^ lt^ «rttl I ( See ^f^ and 
p. 109 ) Stafford's OnentcU Miuie. 

ff^^^i(\ f«(<^f7j'' (TEORBA or THEORBE, the bass-lute ) 
^^tC^ -^^ ( Bardella ) ?ff,^ ^^^ ^jf^'^f^^ 



- 

fef^sr^pj^ ( TINTll^ABMLUM, % Btaall. bell ), <£|^^- 

1^*tt5ltWj[% ( TEPONAZTLI, a drumkind instrument 
of the Mexicans) C^fftp^tin:!^ t^T^ l».^ | j6rivol^ 

c^t5( fl^ 5ft^ I (Pit ^^ fwcM- *mw^ '^rw^ 
^^^ ^t5T?n-t t^t^ 'rt^^t^ ^^ c^^^ 

^♦t? ^f%? «R^^ *ftF ^ I 

W. C. Stafibrd; 

t^f^ tfl'^T^ ( TIBI^ EMBATERI, a wind instrument 

of the ancient Greeks ) «ttft5T (^t^f^C't? <£iW^ 

^^ I ( See l^f^ (il^^fMl ) 

W. C. Stafford, 
t^f^ CWf^ ( TIBIiE GEMINI^ ) 7^ 
j^ t^ffV'T ( TIBIiE PARES, a Grecian, and an 

ancient Roman wind instrument ) ^yj f^:^^ (i|^^ 

•sttft^r aN^f?ct?i <il^«f^?r '^f??^ I ( See 

note p. ^6 ^ 
I^R ^t'^^tf?\ Tl t^ 4^'Br»l^ ( TIBlit BIFORES or 



nf^f'+^'i 



^fe:> 




TIBIiE CONjUNCtiE, iht haihe 6f ^m Ancieft't instru- 
ment composed of Wo species of flutes, bound together 
In stich a ftianncfr as to liavt but one mouth-piece, and 
performed by one l>etson ) ci)^ <fffft^ TTTI^^ ^t^ I 

^ ^«»f I^C^tt^^ ( TIBIiE MULTlSONANS, a sttdnf. 
toued Egyptian instrument ) (fl^^ fspTft^T €t3'^ft 

( TIBIA, a wind instf u'ment of the ancient Gteeks \ 
•^t^f;^ ( William C. Stafford ) T|t^;^ ^Jft^, ^BfttT^ 

^ffftxS-C^t^Tt? CW, ^^, trffi{f% ( J. F. Danneley ) 

<fl^T5f^-| ( TlBlA EMBATERIA, one of the 
ancient flutes common to the Lacedemonians, and 
used to accompany songs sung previous to an en- 
gageiftent with the enemy ) Tftf^f^t^TW? <il^^ 





I t^t^mm^t,^!^ 



llf^ f^ri^fiRsr^ ( TIBIA CITICINUM, a sp^.i<^ of 
flutes of the anelents, used on funeiral occasions ) 

1^^t*T^ ( TYMPANUM, an instrument of p«rcu«ston 
of the ancient Greeks ) «ttft5f C^^fff^^t?! ^"^^ 

'(t'T^^f^r^ I ( See j^tc;rt»[^, ) 

fjw^^ (T^f^I^r^ ( TYMPANUM BELLICUM )^ 

^-^f^ ( TVMPANI ) ^^ 

l^^tC^d ( TYMPANO., a kettle drum ) ^^p^ ^^^j^ ^ 

t^**^tir^rt^^ (TYMPAN01.UM, an instrument of peicufsion 
of the ancient Greeks ) .^fff^ (^Nfff^^t? t<|^ ^iff^ 

^^T ( TIMBALE, a n^me of drum ) ^>t*t(t»ati> '*^^ 

^5^1 ( TIMBREL, an in3trumient of percussion of the 
Greeks, Romans, Hebrews,, 8fc. ) ,^^^ Ortftfi t^^ 

«t^ Bftf^f^ «i^4t^tii ^5wra I 

fe^ff ( TUKKURI, an ^wipnt Iiin4<>^ instrument of 
percussion ) f^a^J^t^ <4l^'¥(^t^ '2ttft^ "^t=ni^ I 



\ 



^^ft ^^ 'Slf^i ^^^ Jis.^^ ^f%f^^^^ 
liff^ I ( See p. 103 ) 

^ / TURR, a Burmese instrument of the violinkind, 
goodly engraved and ornamented \ i^W^Tf^^rnf^ iSiTS 

W. C. Stafford. 
^<^^ ( TOONTOONEE, an instrument^with one wire 

string ) (il^^s^f^^ >fl^«f^H Tf3[ I (See (£^^. 

fe^ ( TUBA, an Egyptian or Hebrew trumpet \ "^ tWl^ 

^C**!^ 'Sl^ ^f^ ( Trumpet of jubilee ) | f^ 
Wtf^lf^T Tt^^ ^l^5(, ^^ fsR^^lW? t«^^ ^5^^ 
'il'T?. CTt«C ^, ^^^^ ( Osiris ) ctf^^l ^^ 

^rtf^f ^ I 

C^^ ^5t^^ ( TENOR VIOL, the alto viola ) (fl^iSf^^ 



C^^\Sr1 ( TESTUDO,aharpkind mstrument of the ancient 
Greeks) .gfff^^ <^^?fm:^? t«^«t¥t? ft*tt^tWlTf ^^f I 
( See p. 20 ) 

^? t<lt Cg il ( TABALLO, a 1c$ttle drum ) u|^ ^sj^^tr^- 

^yt^J|^t\ (TAMTAM, the Chinese gong) ^^(.H^ij C*f^- 

^'l^Jtft ( TAMTAMEE, a small instrument of the Hin- 
doos) 'f^j%t^^ t£i^^ ^ ^^titg I 

W ^H^ ^1 ^C^ ( TROMP, TROMPETTE or 

TROMPET, the trumpet) (i|<p.2f^rt? "^f^^ I ^^ 

'TWir ^WW? ^H ^U I ( See §c~^ ) 
^^»9p(^ f TRUMPET, a remarkable European wind instru. 

ment ) ^^it^ftlT ^^% ^^T^^f^C^m I ^ 

(Horn) «(C*r^ ^^t^ (fl^^^^^ ^ft(^ Tnt?^ 

^H ^srd^rrN ^^[^ C?C*r •SfFf^I^ ^Z^ 1 (See p. 84) 
^C**l^ "^ CSI^ ^ ( TRUMPETTE A CLEFS, a keyed 

trumpet) 5tf^;g! ^frf^C*!^ I 
^C*^ ^1 f*t^^ ( TROMPETTA A PISTONS, a spe- 

cies of trumpet;)^t£|^^^t^ '©f^?^ I 



H^f^Tl 5^^ ( TROMB, TROMBONI or TROM. 
BONE,a brazen wind instrument used in Eiffopean concert) 

««ftC^ ;— tJt^ (^"5 ), 0^51^ (Tenor )^ (jg^?, «lt^j:^ 
( Alto ) I 7(^T\ ^C^tCM? ^H'Stt'T t% ( G ) ^<t«. 
n^T, <il^ ( F ) ^^i^ ^5(I>r <«?TS. ^-^ ( E-flat) 

^<t«. c^t^r^ 'tt^t^ ^^ «ttc^ ^f^iirl <ii^ ^ ^^t? 

^ ( TROMB A, the Italian trumpet ) ^>5t^^ t^- 

^ (Tjrfl*! ^ ^"^ C5rf?fTr1 ( TROMBA MARIN or TRO- 
MBA MARIA, an ancient stringed instrument played 
with A bow) «f3§^%| 7rtf?x5 Ul^<sr^t^ vovi)»l4| I «2rtif 

^^•jfSj (TROMMEL, a military drum) (£(-^^ ^f?^ WTI 



I 



{ Grosse Trummel ) ^^ \ 
^tTTC?^ (TRIANGLE, a military instrument of percus^ 
sion made of steel, and is simply rhythmic ) (il'^Ht 

^SVf ^ C5^ (DOFF or DEFF, an instrument common in 
Arabia and Barbary) ^^^ ^ ^t^flf C^^ <2tFfiT^ 

( Square Tambourin ) ^t^■^t^ fv[^^tU(K ^ ( "^^P^ ) 

^n:^ ^grt? I ( see ^ ) i ^srt^ti:tnj ^s^ (Dompha) 

■^nnsf? 'rf^ ^^ ^^^551, 'srtThr ^ ^t%^ 'str^ 
^t^ ^srt^ I ( ^*^« ^5^ *"<^ p- ^i'S ) 

v5^^ ( DOFFDE, and instmment of percussion common 

in India ) i<i^fir^tir>t^^fhr ^iM ' ^^a I 

William C. Stafford. 

^^5T -SttQ f^?rtWl C^^ ( DOUBLE GRAND PIANO 
FORTE, a well-known double keyed instrument ) ^*^ 

f*fiPI?r ( Jan^es Pirssor ) ^jpp ^^;j;^ ^jf^ ^^^ 



" ■■■■■ ^ 



^f^ «tt^t?, ^ir ^\^^ ^^ «£['? Ftf^ 'Sftlf I 
vS"^ ^ ( DOUBLE DRUM, the European largestj drum 
used in military band ) T^t^ff^^ ^C?T ^^^ ^^?:?ft- 

v5^-*ft^9f ( DOUBLE-PIPE, a species of wind instru- 
ment ) (ii^ f^^ ^1 ^^ .^ ^^^^/ 

<flCS}?r ( Carl Engel ) Tj^^^^f :^^^ f^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

fw^mf^f*!^ ^^^, ^t^ Tff^Nj? ^til ^'»^< 

It5*tj 5ft^ I ( See p. 87 ) 

^5?j^ 55 ^ ( DOUBLE FLUTE, an instrument composed 
of two tubes, but with one mouth-piece ) tii^ra^- 

f^^ (£i^^ fwr^ I <^^*f ^f^ ^TtC^ C?, 

^1 ^^ ( DOUBLE BASS, the largest bass ) ^f >| Tf C,5f^ 
^^t^ ^, f^JT, Ftf^ ^ *ft^ «t^^ ^^ C^ft- 



>«»— -aawMMv^a 



•^mmm^-^^K^ 



^^^ 



'^arc^t^ I 






^jn^ ( DOMPHA,, an instrument o£ petrussibn of the Hfn 
doos ) f^^fnc^ (^^^ ^t^^ THSr I ( Sfee p. 2 ) 

( See p. 105 ) 
^i^aj^ ' ( DAMARU, ananclent and small Hindoo fnstru- 
ment of percussion used by the snake-charmers 8cq^ \ 

p. 104 ) 
xg^ef ( DAOUL, a Singhalese instrument of percussion \ 

?P^-fH^ ^^tC^r ( Oblong- form) ^^ I va ti ^it CH ^ 
kadipone ) i^rfsf^ (/[^ f^f^^ ^^t?1 ^^ 



«tf?f-l^l >3»!» t 

^* '( DAUL, a species of Turkish instrument of peitusslon) 

^i5«.«5rt^^ T>¥t^ ^U ^^N ^t;^ ^w?r ^^1 

vS? P »U ( DOLCAN.'^dolciano ) T^?,fif^vfllf tp^f^^ | 

■( See x59lf5^1 ^ vS^fJ^nrtWl ) 
^f^n^d ^ ^f%lt^ (-DOLCINO or DOLCIANO, 

snail bassoon ) (^^ ^t^5l^ I ^^ ^^^ ^f*[- 

Wf I^tNt (DULCIMER, an European stringed instrument^ 

Tpspfffflfvj ^^ I ( See 2fld note p. 48 ) | *tt^Tiy, 
^1^^^ ( DICHOB.D, a double stringed instrument Y (fl^p^ 

\^^ C DAK, a «nall rural instrument of percussion common 
in India ) c^^ c^^ laft^fl ^t^ ^ I WflTS^ 

W. e. Stafford. 
f^4»|'4\^*( ( DECACHORDON, an unused musical instru- 




■taaa>aMi^<l^*^^ai>«MM*ia^ia^i^JU 



I I HI — .^ 

ment mounted with ten strings J (fl'^r^ W^^f^f*t^ 

^f^f ( DINDIMA, an ancient instrument of percussioa 
of the Hindoos ) f^ f^^^^ ^fl^p^ ^f^q ^t^- 

f^^t-6 #tW { DISCANT GEIGE the unused name of vio- 
lin ) ^^^ Ti^^ ^<2f^f?I^ mTH I 

^'t^tl Tl ¥^^ ( DUGDUGA or DUGDUGI, a small 
hand-drum of the Hindoo^ ) f^ f?Ct? 4^ ^^ 

'^U'^m I ^ ^^ *rC^^ 'BI«r!5?>*r l ( see v5?Rp 
and p. 104 ) 

^ ^ ( DUTKA, a Russian wind instrument composed of 
two pipes ) cH^st^t? ISftil^ I ^^ ^^ <«^ar 

W. C Stafford. 
^ fjT C^^ ( DEUTCHE FLOTE, a German flute ) ^ 

QS^f[ ( DENGARI, a name of dindima ) f%f^?l ^Tt^ 



C^fw*i ^^ ( ^^^I^ D'OR, a. musical instrument like 
piano forte) f*t?ltWtC^#^^ ^rtff <il^«2t^ ^tWT^ I 

C^5f^T-^t*f ( DAVID'S HARP, a species of stringed 
instrument of the Jews ) HlJ^^CH ? (il^'Sf^tlf ^^- 
^ I (See f^^ ) 

^^^ ^DAIRE, the tambourin or hand-drum) (ll^iSf^f^ 

C^f*1«t ( DELYN, the Welsh name of harp ) yf^^ ^^Ci ff^ 
Cv5i^ ( DOULA, a Singhalese instrument of percussion) 

%1 TiKm ^^ I ( See C^fft^tfWTfl ) I f%^ 

^Ttt?? ^^^if 'SttiPT® C5\c^ m:^ ^\n ^t^, 
5rt^ ^ ^t^i't^ ^c:?^ ^t^ '^(t?:! I ^?75 c^<( 

\55j ( DRUM, a well-known military instrument of per. 
cussion, specially common in Europe ) (ij^^T^ ^'^tf*!'^ 

m^^ > <£(^S^ ^Rft? ^*t?t*t? (?fC*t^ ^ CW*t1 

Tȴl ) 



I ^ — ■ .... I I , .■ I.I. — — .III ^ 

1%C^tf^t ( ^ R ECORIG, a large piano forte ) <ii?p^ ^l^s, 

Ij^ f DHAKKA, a well-known and very ancient Hindoo' 

-instrument of percussion ) f^^f^t^^ ci|^^ ^^^ff^T^ 

^'^K ^f^-Sftftsf 'Slt^^iS I ( Seep, loo ; ^w^ 
and T^3f ) 

S.-4 * 

Qf\ff\ ( DHQLE, an ordinary druln^^f the Hindoos ) fysff- 

fn^H (£1^^ ^^m ^ ^tlT «lt5(i5^ I ( See 
P-99) 

Ci>t*I'^ ( DHOLUCK, an instrument of percussioti "of the 
Hindoos ) f^s^rW7:^^5T^^r^^^ I ( See p. 98 ) 

Cl>f*T^ ( DHOLUCKI, a small dholuck of the Hin- 
doos ) f^J^fwC^fif ^7^ c^t^ CFt^^^ I 

Carl Engel. 

^5^ *fjfij Y TUBLESHAME, an instrument of per- 
cussion of the modern Egyptians \ ^«f^3S f^^- 

cw?i ci^?r wi^^ ^fii^l «rtc^ i ^^U c^^ 



^^*Tl C TUBLA,. an instrument of percussion common 

in India ) ^t?.^^^ <£f^i?I^ (ii^^ ^t^i^^i^ I 
( See p. 99 \ 

Garl Eng^l. . 
^1^:^. ( TOMBALEH, a military instrument of percussion 

of the. Turks ) ^^^l^^tf^CW^f (ll^<2t^t? 'It'rfll^ 

^l*t ^ 'rtTf ft ( TAYUSH or MAYOORI, a stringed 
instrument of the Hindoos ) f^s^C^"?! <^'^^ W^- 
m.f^SXM\ (Seep. 57) 

^t^^^ H^ ( TAMPOUR BOUZOURK, a very remark- 
able Persian. Stringed instrument ) ^|^ 'tt?'TTIIf%5r 

^Ht^l ^ ^t^jl ( TANPOORA or TAMBOURA, an 
ancient stringed instrument of the Hindoos ) f^s^- 

tw^t^ ^^^ -2rtft^ ^^^;sf^T:'n^ i ^^tc¥ ^i^ 







\g\9\^ ( TAPON, an Indian drum struck with the hand ) 

J. F. Danneley 
^ f C ^t^ ( TAMBOUR, a military instrument of peTCu§siQn N 

^Str^rt^ vSt^t^ ( TAMBOUR D'AIRAIN, a species of 
drum ) (ii^,*f^t^ u^l | ^^t? C^t^ vSt^f"^^ 

^®^t?f f^ ^t>r^ ( TAMBOUR DE BASQUE, a ^mall 
drum ) t^^ ^ ?^tf^i:»r^ I ^t?f *ffilf^ Ftf? 

^P^^t^f^Ng ^^?fi (;^^?^ (ii^«r<j m,^ '^\w^- 

^^t? t%^ f5lT:^*l ( TAMPOU R DIS NEGRES, an 
iMstruoient of percussion ) (<|:?p^ ^N^^f^f^t^t^ I 

fj?*^*! ^r?r^ ^1 cii^ ^ ^n^TT <£f^t?, ^^«fi 

^trTf?[ f^^.^'t'i^ ( TAMBOUR DES LAPONS, an 
instrument of percussion J (i\if^ '^ \ H % ^^ I 'il?F«t'Q 



-^ 



■P -H. ■ I J-A- f J 



' ' . ■ i - H ' i ' - . . . I I .11 ■ II I p ■■ I ■ 

^tCVtf^*t ( TAMBOURIN, an instrument of percussion ) 

f^^ <ft^ ^tfwl ^ ^n^ ^f?f^ I ^"t ^35 

« 

i^ I «rf^^ ^^ti^jiT *:tp^'?F ^tf^?i F^- 

C^t*t ( Square ) (£|^^ ^^-F^r:^*! ( Oblong-square ) 

^^ ( Bar) T^o^^ ^f^irt ^f^^^ ft^e^ ^?n 

Burney's HUtory of Mude. 

VStC%tfj(^^ fs C^^^ ( TAMBONRIN DE PROVEN- 
CE, a drum of which the case is longer and stralghter 
than that of the common drum and is struck with a 

singlestick) (n^^ y^tMai f ^i:^ i >Tt^*i t?^-.i 



'^I^—'^F*-— ^"^1 ■• ■•' ■^^^^l^'^W*" 



**<^ 



• • ' 

fsf^ft^ f^f%lt ( TIKTIRY or TITTIRY, an ancient, 
wind ^strument oCthe Hindoos^made of double reeds) 

f^'*r fwc^?r ^^^ <£i\f\^ f^w^ i ^^ c^t^s 

Tff^xS ^^t? v5^ 7^^ ^^\ ( See p. 89 ) , ^cjf\. 

c^n\ %-^z^ '*f%f%" C^'tty) (ii^ qt^ finri 

«(ti:^5T I C^t^'^tl^ 7[^^t^^:5f ( CoimbatQur Son- 
ncrat ) ^^If^^Tf ^^J[ ^f^Tf^ ^fiTt£l«ttf^Tt ( Voy- 
ages aux Indes Orientales ) ^t^J^ ^t^^ ** C^^^lf^ " 
( Tourte ) ^f^f^j (ii^l ^^^jf ^«f ^j^ I f^^f? 
f^jf (Mr. Hill) -j^^i-^T^ ^mf%^ «t%^^tr't 

C^^ I "571 ^^1%?f5f 'Sft^^lJ^ ( S'*" William Ousley ) 
CWC*t ^^t?f ^ " C^r ^^t^ll '' ( Nei ambana ) | 

( See :^ ^t^mi ^"'^ p- ^^ ) f^^i:»f% " ^J?t- , 

► . \ 



K\K\ ** ( ZouqqaVah ) iffaj^ tf^^^ ^l^ t£l^ ^^^ . 

f^t*m ^5*iJ ^tri I '( See p. se ) 

*^ ( TOOTOOREE, a small truinpet of -the Hindoos ) 

^Jt ( I^BR'I ) I ( See f^%ft and p. 86 ) 
^y^ ( TUMBUKI, an ancient Hindoo instrument of 
pfcrcussion ) 'f^v^f^c^t^ <S(^ ,£ftf^ ^t^%^ I 

^ra^ / TOURY, an ancient wind instrnment of the 
-Hindoos ,) f^^f?fC^1T (<l^^ 19%?;5 I ( See p. 
84 ) 

3nrt**t ( TR A WANGS A, a stringed instrument of tlie 
Javanese, resembling a guiter ) f^';©t^Ci^?{ ^ft? 

Crawfard's Mnsic and Dancing. 

from the " History of Indian Archipelago, " Vol. I. 
f3fCTt*tl ( TRIGONUN, an ancient Egyptian stringed 
instrument of the lyrekind ).5f^]f^^ f^PHTC^f^^ Tt?ft?I" 

(ftTDf^r 'tfQ^ >1W1(>>1 (Sophocles) ^c^ 
^t^f%lft5( (Phrygian ) Tnjf^^^t^ ^f%t^3T I t?t- 



1 



^•t* "WC^^ I 



^t fe t'^^ ( Alexander AleXaridrinus ) ^[^^ «ff^ 

Tt^T Clrt^ ^^^ <fl^^Tt?5T ^jfWl f^TPl^ ^^frtf^ 

Bumejr's Hiatory of Musric. 
foS^Rgt fl^l ( TRITA^NTRI BINA, an ancient stringed 

instrument of the Hindoos ) f^ f?C^ *^W^ 

«ftft^ ^^tl-Slf^Cl? I ( See p. 22 ) 
fSf^tf^lR ^Iftlf ( TRIPODIAN LYRE, an wident 

stringed instrument ) ^-^ ^fffq WSm I ^tC^ 

fgpf^ ( TRIBALI, an ancient Hindoo instnnment of 
percussion ) f^s^f^ct? <il?F«t^?t?r ^^ '^Pi^i^ I 

^fl^j ( TH ALA, a metalic Inatrum^nt called gong, common 

in India ) cfl^^ ^?r >5^% -^^^^f^l^T^ I (See^f^ 
and p. ,109 \ 

^'QZ'^^] ( THEORBO, a stri^^d instrument ) cfl^^p^ 



^w^^ I '^^ ?rt^^l% ( Ope'** ) tii'r?. <r^srf^cif 

t?T ^t t^'T f '^ ( THDBAL or THUBAL FLUTE, an 
ancient wind instrument ^ (^^iSf^pfif <£tt^t^ 'Of^?f- 

^ f THREWS, a French stringed instrument pf the violin- 
kind ) (i|^^ ^fn^Tl ^|^^^«rl^?l ^5^^- 

^^^ Ti Wt^t ( DAGAR or D AGAR A, an instrument of 
percussion of the Hindoos ) f^sjf f^^^tU cfl^fHt ^•{M 
r^ I ( See p. I02 ) 

Irt^llan ( DAMAMA ) I ( See ^^ and p. 102 ) 
^tifll ( DAIRA, a Prussian instrument of percussion, 
similar to the tambour de basque \ ^l,^^ f^ '^- 

^f|^f||RPI ( DIAULE, a double-flute ) <i)^^ f^R'R^- 



I— n— " ■ - ■_ ^. 



^n 



if|i;;^fff*f ( DIOPI, a specfea of ancient fltttc with two 
totes) ^i^ f^^i^p^ ^l^^j^jjjl^^ , 

i(\^ Y D ARA, a Hindoo litStrumeht Of pereussioo Mhiflar 

to the ttan1)ounh ) ^tC^tt^^ ^mt %mr f^f^'TSf 

Mr. Fdns*p. 
«f^j4M TDARABUKKEH, a modem Egyptian instru- 
ment of percussion ) ^i^ ,^-^ ^ff^'V f5irT?OT% 

t^^^Tiri^^ ^1 f^^fWTttSFtl (DTTTANAKLASIS or 
DITTALELOCLANGE, a music»l instrument, invented 
in the year l8oQ, by MuUer 'of Vienna \ ^Voo 

<r^tc^ f^^Jit^^t^ ^tn f\tzv^ w4'^ ^tf^^ 

Mpf^ ( TOUNbtJBHI, a well-known inifruA»«ftt ctf 
perdu'ssidn of the ancient Htridobs ) (grT^ f^iq^^ll 

'^ft1^1[^^l (See p. 105) 
CJftW^^vg'' ( DODECACHORD, a stringed instruinent 



mounted wiUi twelve strings ) f tlf*t'5^'^fi{f^ "^lf^ 

^j^7^ ( GKACCARE ) , ( Seej^t^tl^l^ ) 

^j^ ( N^^NDA,, a. wind instrument of th«]^»9cient ]|iit>4oos \ 

bf^'' (ii'Ft^ "^si^far *rfiif^^ ^^ I' tfl^^^f 

^aw ( NAUBLUM, a Fhaenidan |n^s^cal ipst^ument ) 

5nrfinfl^ ^Rn5?r ( MR ashinga pr na?lashrin. 

GA, Xhp Ncpalese horn, A^adt eBt^dy of copper ) 

^'^^^^ ^sta^l^ c^^tt^ ^^m I 

A^ .Qj^ipbf 11> JVb^ on the Musical i7^tfy,ment8 



«««*• 



1 



I 



^ ( NUL, the ladian kettle-drum ) ^f^^^^ '^ST?- 

•^t^t i ll ( ^-^C^^-^' *ii instrument of percussion \ (||^. 

«t^tll ^3W^ I ^i^ t^F^ ^^^^"^ ^^^ ^^^^ 
fl^ I ^^ C*»t3tClf%?r ^?t^5r> ( Castagnettes ) 
^rcS^ '^\M(.H. f^rf^ I f^ ^?rt^^^*r ( Walthern ) 

•rl^irl ( NACCARA, an instrument like cajtanettes, but 
greater) ^t^t^^^ V(m ai^«Rrtlf ^3, f^^ 

«ll<^ Cb^ ( NACCHERE, the pftstanettes ) ^f^^^jftf^ ^ I 
^ja^t^^ j { NACCHEBA, the pluralized name of the mili- 

tarjr drums ) 7it3(f?r¥ ^ I^^HT ^^^^T^ ^N I 
;;^|^CP^ci ( NACCHERONE, the great drum ) ^^ 

1?^1 I ' 
•rtt'^t'I ( NAKOUS, an Egyptian musical instrument made 

of two brass-plates ) (fl^^^f^f? f^T^raTf^f ^(tW(^ 

tic Churches ) ^ ^^^^ ^^ t^\^ \ 
\ •Tt^*^f*l ( NAG-PHONI, a wind instrument like toury eom» 



/ 

^ ■ 









+7 



■:-A' 



' s 



mon in Nepal) r^j ^^ <^-^<Sf^\ll '4f^J^f^ 
( See ^ ) I (^*f J?f (^Kf ^1^^ ^^^^ '^% 

A. Cambell. 
^^?rl ( NAGRA, » well-known Indian instrument of per- 
cussion ) ^ '«tir5^'^ '^'£{f^ «rt5i^^3[ I '^^ 

'rar ^^r^tur ;— ijsr ^^f ?1 ( sm»ii Nagra ^ ^^,^ 

?f^t5rt5t 5l1 ( Great Nagra ) | ( See p. loi ) 
•rt^^t^ { NAGAREET, a species of kettle drum, common 
in Abyssinia ) -aftf^l^^l (M*\ 'St^TwS (il^<£r?Ft? 

■3^ ^<( ( NACHTHORN, an organ-stop ) <8f^^ ^W^ 
^5rt^ ( NAZARD, an organ-stop ) ^v^ ■^i(^\ ^^^5?! 
« ^ t M ^ t l 9l ( NAFARI, an Indian trumpet ) (£|^^ ^t^TS^f^lT 

^^ 7f^ ( NABLA, a musical instrument of the ancient 
Egyptians ) ^f[^ 1^T\f\^jm <il^«f^rtir ^t^R^ I 
fil^?t5ft^?l ^^It4k C'^rr^f ( Nebel^) ?i^ | 
( See c5f|:,j»j ) 



^O 



^^/ 



1 



_^_ _ ■ I. ■■ ■....■ ■ ■ , I 

5Tt\fl1f5r^ ( ^-^^LIUM, at nanw of n»W* ) i^^^l ^C5[?I 
H\y^^ ( NA8S AT, a wtad itaitruineat ofmetal ] <ft$9f7- 
^f>Tf? ( NASIRI, a wind instrument copifppo in Malay ) 

f^p^^r^ ( NICOLO, an apcieftt iflstrwipffl* ^iJailajr ta tfie 

fa i F j I^t ( NISANA,] an uistrufnsnt of percussion of 4he an- 
cient Hindoos ) ^\f(^ 1w fi^Cf? 4^^^t? ^ft^^- 

9j^ ^ NUY, an Indian wini inatrutiMnt ) tt(^r$l( .^^f^r 
f^ j^ NAY, an ^igrptiaa wind liosteun^eot of tbe bfif-pipfr 

kind ) (ii^ fsf jrttir f^R'wt^ wf^iRar i ^- 
^ ^^ 5Tt^^ t»r^ 'Pit^, 1^^ c^t^ c^^- 
^ ^^t^ 01^ wWVa 9ftT7P I ^?.^wifi ^?[tr^ 

Tt«rt^*I^S ^Ttf^ ^^ < iD*rvi«Ii flute ) ip^i^.| 
C^'«^W^ ( NEIAMBANA, a Persian JR^^pe) ■Jft^l^- 



■f I ' 



KisMrMiMMMaa 



»^ f ( Sefcp. 88) 
C^Ttf^^ ( NEKABHIM, a wind ihstramcnt o( the flc 

^"w".) Hi^ifl^vfir «i^«r^tif is^'Hs I ^K ^ 

C HC^ ^ { NE-KLEB, a wind instrument of the Hebrews ) 

Ezek. xviii. 13. 
(^^(fS^H ( NECHILOTH, a wind instrument of the He- 
brew* .) f^to^ cfl^<f^FtJT '«f^?^ I 

Psalm V. vili. iii. xxxi. xxxiv. 

^;{^^ / NEBEL, a Hebrew stringed instrument of the 
guiterkind ) f|f?^5^?j te.t?Wt^?r ^^^f^*t^ I 

^< ^f'llfl ^^^ ^ ^f«(^ ^t? ^"N^ ^^ 

Q^^KS ( NOWBAT, the laiigest Indian kettle drum ) ^j^^- 
^t^ I ( See p» iot and 1 11 ) 



viriJi* 



*rfV ( PAUKE, th« kettle drum ) c^^^i^l^l^ | 
( See fC^Jtl^ ) 

*ff^0n:^2>T^ ( PAUKEN SYMBELS, Wefe Hebrew and 
Greek instrumsnts of percussion made of metal, corm* 
ponding to those used by the Janizaries in their military 

music ) f^f^ inTfo^ ^fifz-nn <ij^ tjf'r tfl^«Wir 

*t^ *t^ ( PATPATI, a musical instrument of children com. 
mon in India ) ^ fntSfWCITT <fl^«2f^t? ^I^HTS I 

9\i^7m ^ *f'^f%n'T ( PANTALON or PANTALEON, the 
name of harpsichord ) ^t*t1^^'^ ^C^ <^^ ^ I 
( See ^t'ff^'S^) 

♦t^^tf*t!rt^ ^C**^^ ( PAPHLOGONIAN TRUMPET 
a wind instrument of the ancient Greeks \ ^\f[^ i^[^ 

»f?f|^ ( POMER, an ancient wind instrument ) (£|^1^ (2ft- 

*ffll^t1%tt-ft*t1 ( PARIBADINI-BINA, an ancient 
Hindoo stringed instrument mounted with seven string$\ 




r^itTHtf^ Tf^vc^fit^ i^^^ <rtit5f "s^msi I 
^swii^t^ ^t%«rtw ^n ^m^ ^^ I 

9\:^ ( FARVUM, a stringed instrument of the ancient 
Greeks ) ,*rtfj^ «^^%^ <i|^^ WS^ I 

W. C. Stafford, 
•ffij^^'' ( POLYCHORD, an Instrument for the bow N 

*tf'T*t^'^?5f^ ( POLYPTHONGUM, a stringed Instrument 
of the ancient Greeks ) «ffff;^ *^^f^^ <ilT«Wll 

9\!^Zt(^^ ( POLYPLECTRUM a musical stringed In- 
strument of the ancients ) 4ttfN^5tf «A^«tTtir 

*tf»TC?t^ ^ ( POLYPLECTRA, a» Insrument of maay 
Strings ) (^-^ ^(^^^.f^fi|^ ^5^^ I ^J^^I^FtW 

^C^ I ( See p. 41 ) 
*tf^^ ( POSITIF, a^ small organ ) dj^ ^jjj '^'flf^ I 



IL T 



^^^ 



*j^.^^f|^f^ ( PAKHOWAZ, the Persian nam« of a well- 
known Hindoo initrument of percussion called mrid- 

anga ) f^ f^^^f^ '^-gft^ ^^ ^T:3[? ^ftlT^ ^ I 
( Seep; 95) I ^[^7^ ^ <tt^ C?m« <flt 'I^^ 

^iT^.^^j ( PAT-CONG, a musical instrument dfthe Sf- 

'Brm^ ^tf^^tM^ ( CarlUbns ) ^tSni ^t^ |' ( So 

^Jk_ / pATOL, a Burmese stringed instrument made 
like a crocodile ) (^-^^ aj**tf% ^€t^ff^ ^^^ 

♦f+^^ (PAT A, the wooden castagnettes of the Roman ca. 

tholic. of St. Domingo) CTi"§^c^f^i:5rt^C?rt'lt«l^'«r- 

fit^C^ ^rt^f^^ ^?l^tT^;!ff I 
*ttt^ ^ C?f 't Jit? J P-^"^"^^^ REGLER, a small copper 

instrument J tii<ip^ 'Stsfsif^^ ^ "^^T^ 1' 
*rtfblrtl 'It'^'^ \ ( l^ANDEAN PIPES, a most ancient 

and simple musical wind instrument ) ^«ttfl^ "« 

f^fif^ -^ ( Reeds ) (ii^gf ^flnrl <«^ 'I^ Wt*i 



••t 1 1 1 



^^?1 ( PANDURA, a guiter ) ^7f^ ^^T^ f^^ | 
^^f^cfl ^PANDURINA^ a small stringed instrument) 

^t«f?r C^t^ (PANDURI FORMME, a violin-like stringed 

instrument ) ^t^^c^fif ^fH 4^ ^;5^Tfar I 
^ttl^tJlt ( PANDORA, a small lute common in Poland \ 

^If^ ( PAMBE, a small Indian drum ) ^n^p^ ^?1?^^ 

^iWfir^ ^|5ttf?^ ( PALAEO MAGADIS,a Greek musical 
instrument, more generally called magadU \ (^^^Tf%^ 



1 




( See a^tftf^JfJ 
^fH^ ♦ft^*'! ( PAN'S PIPES, a very ancient wind 
Instrument ) u|^^ 'BfflJ'SrtftJT '«f^?l^ I ( See 

♦tt'PT C^ pAN'S FLOTE, an ancient wind instrument ) 
f5f5.*(f^*( ( PITCH-PIPE, a tmall wind instrument) 



•wMiWaki 



1 



rt> I I •w».i*i- 



^K* ^CVt^ \ 




f^^ r*t*t1, f^Pl^ ^^K f*t\ ( PIJB, PIPA. PIPEAU 
and PIB ) vg^^f^T W^t'^ 9[\\'?^ ?f^^ Clffij).r, 

f*f«ttC^tf?(irt^«Ttt(t? ( PYTHAGORIAN LYRE, a stringed 
imtrument) <flW ^^TSf^^P'f^ I (See 

f^t'HJ^^ (PENORCON, an ancient instrument of the guit- 
er species) f^^5t?f^t^Tr «£ftft^ ^^tj^f^iit^ | 

t'i'Ct^ (PlNAKA, a Hindoo stringed instrument of tha 
highest antiquity) fi[fj%t^ll ^ftft^TSI ^fHT <fl^^ 

^^ ^^^"I I (See p. 69 ; 2nd note in the same ; and 

p. 90) 
fMlHt tt«l1 (PINAKI BINA, a most ancient Hindoo Ins- 
trument) ^^^ '^'Si\fm fk^^s^^ I ^^ 'ert^ 

(£i^'^ ^ f^r^rt^ I (See H?rt^) 

f*ri:^f?f^«l1 (PIFFERINO) ^1 

f^C^al (PIFFERO, pipe or bag-p'ipe) 9^9\ f^ ^jt^- 

f^-^'f (PIB-CORN, a wind instrument like a horn-pipe) 

r 



N V 



•tf%fH#1 



^^^ 1 



I 



ArclioBolOgia, or Misecllaneous tracta relating to An" 
tlqiiity, plibliihed in 1775. Vol. Hi, p. 32. 

i 

f^'Sl (PIVA, a bag-pipe) «il^^ ^Jt^-*tt^^tl^ | 

f^tirtl^ (PlATTI, symbaU made of brass) f^f^lf^f^^ 

♦tirMir ^Nt^ ^1%C9r ^^I'sr ^ ^^^ *t^ Wt^ 

f^irtT?ft5rl ( PlANmO, a small piano forte ) ^5 f^mtC^ff- 

f^tlrt^l 51 (pIAKO DROIT, upright piaftb forte) ^^ 

f*tirh?l1 CVtfe^f^t^( PIANO FORTE GUITER, an En- 
glish 'guiter« strung with wire, and hat a daveier of fix 
ktya, correspoading to ita number of strings) <i|^?t ^n" 

f*nrll5d Cn#^( piano forte, a well-known musical in- 
trument ) 01^^ ^^<(jt^ 'Tt^I^ I ^^tC^ f^mtWl 

C^t^^t^^ ^rc^ I ( See p. 48 ) 
•*% i^ l^OOdrEfe, all ahcienl wihd initrumfent of the Hin- 
doos ) fifjjfift^tij <ii^^ «ttft5i '«f^?nrarf^r^ i 



1 



III II I -- ' ^^^_^^___^^ 

P» 86 and 93 ) (TitTft^ ^fl f%f5rtk*r« <il^f%«f ^TCaHT 

^♦if^rjf ( ECTIS, an ancient Grecian itriagcd instru- 
ment ) (ii^ <l^>n:Tf% «tf^ ^55tiarf%r^ i 

<«f«rf^^l7r? TC^ itr'Fl ( Saphp ) ^^ ^ «itf5j. 
C*rt^ ^tl?^^ ( PETIT TAMBOUR, a name of »mair 

drum ) ^ f snn:^ ^^ ^ I 

C«ff^^^t^;^( PENTECONTACORDON. a species 
of harp with fifty sf rings ) ♦f^jiM^S^f^^ <fl^- 

^^ ( Fablo Colonna ) ^;|r (fl^BR Ti;^!^ 'TTf^ 
C^^ ( PEPA, a Chinese wind instrument ) ^ « 1 CH^' 8 

i ^r^iitr^ ^^tw ^f^i? ^^ ^^ «rtt^ I 



wii ■ariCTi 



fffW^^^ ( PL'^GIAULA, an ancient Roman wind inctru* 

Cft^ ^ ( PL^C^'^^Uil,. an instcoment used as a substitute 
for the fingers or bow, to produce sounds from stringes ) 

^m ^^j^ ^ I ^K^is ^m ^^^H ^air^ 

CftF ( POCHE ), 

C*trC5^ ( POCHETTE ) 7[\ 

C*rti:5^1 ( POCHETTA, small violin ) ^ Ali^^A^l^ I 

C*m:if^^T.?Tt\ ( ^OETS REBAB) ^<t5^ ^f^T-ITTt^J 

5lt^ I ( See p. 62 ) 
C*1t^ ^«f ( POST 'HORN, a common, horn J ii(^ Tjtft" 

^rf^^pf ( PHOTINX, a wind instrument of the ancient 
Egyptians ) ^sttft^ bPRHI?!! <il^^ "^^^f^lH? I 

Dr. Burney and Ap<ulenus. 



ttmmm 



.0mJim 



\\t ^C»l^ I 



I 



tT'^TT ( FHONTINXy an ancient Egyptian flute teseai- 
bling to Roman plagiavia ) (3it^fTn[5tll Trt^>^Trt^ 

wtn ^«5f .^^ti «tt#^ f>(iftit '^f^'faf I 

^^^7{ ^ PHORMI^X, a very ancient stringed instru- 
ment of the lyrekind) Jytlft^Wtltl *^^ ^(^ 

I ^5fk^ fl^ I «t^^ ^^t? ^^'^t 'rtlS I ( See 

Pope's Translation of Homer's Illiad, Book IX. page 
240 ) 

«{%^ f\ ( FIDES, according to Festus, a species of lyre ) 

7t^7 ( ^^^^> ^ small wind instrument of sharp or shrill 
intonatioa of the Indians of Brazil V ( ^j^fgft ^ a^ ^f^- 

,,rt^ J FIFRE, a fife ) I (See ^|^^ ) 

lp.|?5| ( FAG, the abbreviated name of fagott or fagotto ) 

TFt^ ^1 ^t^i:^1 'iWJi 'ftsf^^ ^fr I ( See ^f^ 

^^^ ^1 'Ft'TCT&l ( GAQOTT or FAGOTTO, a bassooa ) 
^fltt1^C5ll ( FAGOTTIK.OE, a small bassoon V <ii^ 



T^^t^t^ ( FAGOTTONE, a^double bassoon )^?[7f^^;T- 

m I 
Tpf^5ft»{ ( FAAMON, anamefof a small^ [Hebrew-bell 'used 

in churches ) f^ftTIf ?! «r^S[f^i:? ^'ft'Rtlf T^Hf C^ 

Exodus, xxvHi, 33, &c. 
|^^5| f FIDDLE, a stringed instrument of the violinkind ) 

fR, wttt^r, ^w^*i fit^c^ lii^ticsm «r5^ 

«t^ ^5^^3| c^^ ^t^ I '( S«* P^' 54 and 6i ) 

Carl EngelVJfimo of the Andenta, 

fi'f^f^^g ll ( FIDICULA, a stringed Instrument resem- 
bling to fides or lyre ) ift^vb>l^ Tl «1'({liU5) ^TlK (£i^- 

f%C^tf% ( FITHELE, the ancient name of fiddle ) fjpgTf 

|^ ( ^j>j ( PHCENICI, a musical instrument of the ancient 
Phcenicians ) ^fff^^ f^f^l^JHH^ tfl^«t?Ft? ^t^- 





( FEIFE, the German name of the English pipe ^ 

( FISTULA, an ancient wind instrument resem- 
bling the modern flageolet, or flute i£ bee ) ^^fip^ 

<£ftft^ ^f^lR^ I (S*^J5 ^, P- 74 and. note In the p. 

76) 

55'^f«t^1 (— GERMANICA, the German flute ) ^^. 

vgsffj^TT ( — DULCIS, tibia -angu8ta,iht flute dhee) 

*fff^>f (-r- PANIS, syringa pcmos, the Pandean pipes; 
a wind instrument of the ancient Greeks, tfndj^ef ^tbe 
highest antiquity ) ^^ ^^f\^ (^^fWC^ <«^ ^tt- 

ft^^^ "^fkKmf ^tT:^ "f^%n *ft^* tii^'N 

''f tf^^^ tl^'»t\" ^rcni ( See *tfRsirt\ *rt^*»T^) 1 

^itttCfir ^ ^tl'ff? ^f^^ f^flf^ ( Syringa ) nf^:^ 

9\\^ ( Pan] ) cvpnst^ (7rt^*r f¥^ ^t?r Tffn- 




fVfip^ *tt^t?tfim, ( FISTULA PASTORALIS, 
a wind instrutneDt of the ancient Grecian shepherds 

^cf <5ttf^5T ( — VULGARIS, a wind instrument ) (£(^-. 

— fsif^Rl ( — MINIMA, an organ-stop made of wood) 

— Cl^T^^^I ( — HELVETICA, the German flute ) 

f^T\^^^^^ ( PHYSHARMONICA, a remarkable mu- 
sical instrument ) t<|<(r;2t^^ .Sffif^ ^t^^ I ^ 
C^?rt^5T ( Hackel ) -^^^ ^'^ cil^t, ^^<^?tt?? 
T^Tt^T (Buschmann.) ^[^ ^wi\f^ \ *tt^2Tl 
<ft^ f^^t? ( ^^^^^ tongues. ) ^P»fC^. 'STsfrt^ ^TC^ 
fl^-*ft^t*f^ ( Reed-pipes ) ^-^ ^^^ ^j^ ^^. 

( Orgue expressif ) ^^ ^^'ff^I^ Tp^ ^\lSZ^ 



m II '■ 



^9tt?ri ( FUGARA, an ancient wind instrument ) (i|'^^ 

■X9\ ( PHUNGA, a Nepalese wind instrument made of 
copper ) (i)-^ ^5t3ff5lf^ C^T^tt^ '^Sft?^ I 

^^ tf^ <2rt?r nt^5( ^ I cq*fmOT% ^-^ 

A. Cambell's JVofes on the Musical Inatrwrnenta 

of the Ne'paleee, 

•^^[^ ( PHULIA, a Nepalese instrument of the caratal- 
kind made of copper, <fec. ) (?f<>fi^i| C >t5l 4><)^1^ 

Jbid. 
(;7(f|^'' f^«| ( FQRT BIEN, the name of a species of piano. 

forte ) (fl:^«tiptlT ^^'i^ C^tt^ 'TC^?! ^TtSf | 
'2J^t^«^ ( FLAUTANTO ), 
!J^tC^1 ( FLAUTANDO ) Tfl 
'1^^ ( FLAUTINO, flauto piccolo, l e, a small flute ) 



C4 



( Piccolo ) ^tu'jni <5(<^5 I <ii^*i " ^tr^tf^rwl 

f*t^Csn " ( Violino piccolo ) ^i^^ ^ ■<1^^«(^> 
■^(^ ( FLAUTO, a species of flute ) (<i-^«f^ ^^- 



iF«t^'>t^ ^ ^^wz:^« tl^ ^1 «tti:^ ' ^% 

7^ fe^T^^ *r%^ 'Ttf^t^ 'Ttol I ( See 5(p^^ ) | 
«t^ ^t^^ ( FLAUTO TRAVERSO, a traverse, or Qer. 

H -« 

map. flute) ^%^ ^tol^f^^ I 



— CSmJ^ (— D^^LCE ) , (See jfj^ «,^ ^ ) 

— f«t^^ (— PICCOLO, a small flute ) (;k^^ -^^J^ | 

^C^t^ ( FLAUTONE, an unused bass-flute ) cij:^^ ^^- 

^t^'Sfl^ ( FLAGEOLET, a wind instrument A <iec, i. e. 
with a mouth-piece ) cjg^^ ^«.^?tif-»l«lf^f*t^ 1Sft?f- 

^ I ^l>iltH«i c?c*f tW^ «2t^f% i9fwn:a[ 

<4^«( ** It^^ -*ftT '* ( Mouth-piece ) ^s|t«. ^«.- 
^tlf-^T«T 'iN^tt ^f?f?:i5 ^?r I ( See ps. 74 and 79 ) | 

^^ ^il ^ ^«irp 'fr^? I 'Pt?^, <ilt?l^ ( Carl 
Engel ) 5jf^^ ^c^T^ <£ttft5l Clftt#lt?r?rr^ ( Mexi- 
cans ) (<i^ ^ ^in^t?r ^fii^ I 

^tf*(C*t^ ( FLASCHINET,a name of flageolet ) ^tf^- 
^(.«1lJ*lt(a«l ^ranj? 5rt^ I (See •Vt^'QT;?!^ ) 



-^mtmmmm'mK 



^iP5r«T ( FLUGEL, 'the. harpsichord: ) ^^f^f^vS'TRJ | 

( See ^'fj^^ ) 
•^ ^ ^FLUTE^ a- wind; instrument of considerable celeBrity ) 

"As. 

^SEfti:^? ss|5f^^s|^ 'siti^ittWJT ^finrl atrf^it^- 

C#$T W^ ^\US ^1^ ( Shakes )^ ^^M ( ''""s ), 

^n^-st^tiT f^t'p'i <£n:^*r ( skips ) ^%- f^: 
^f^^ it^5(^ -firff^ cm.^^ ^^^^^^^f; 

(See p. 74 and note in the p. 7^ | c<|^ TJ^ ^^ <2t^ft?f, 
f%^ >lt«fti(*I^S fil-^t^ ( ^-flat ) "« %'^J^ ( ^-^»* ) 

— ^ C^T (— -^ SEC, a common flute) Tff«f|^«| ^ ^^jm i 

— ^^tti<T'lf^ (— ALLEMANDE, the German flute) i^^^ 

^ ^r^|^(_A CHEMINEE,a species of wind instrument) 

^^4^t? ^f^^^ I ( Sec ^ ^ f^ c?rtf^^ ) 

— 'flp^W("^ CREUSE, a wind instrument )(i|^^ "Of^^- 



t ' , V - .^^ ■ -■> . . «..i- 



^ 



tp ^ ^1J(^ ( FLUTE D'MOUR, a species of flute ) 

— f^ ^FC5l^ ( ^^ FORET, a species of wind,instrument) 

— ^ C?tf^% (— ^^ ROSEAU, a reed flute) ^-^ ^f^. 

— f% Ce^tT^ ( — DE LOURS, a species of wind 
instrument of the beai^players \ ^^W^Wt^WUf^ ^'^ 

— f^ W^ ( — ^^ SUISSE, a wind instrument) (i;^^ 

— f^^Ft*^T ( — ^^^ CHAMPS, an organ-stop ) {^"^^ 

— CStf^ ( — I50UCE, the name of a wind instrument ) 

— Cfi^ ( — PETTE, a wind instrument of metal ) 

— >lt(**l^^ ( — CHAMPETRE, a wind instrument ) 

^N*Pt ( BANGSHI, a well known wind instrument of the 
Hindoos ) f^»5%5t!r"<il?P^ ^-Sff^lSftllTI^ I ^ 

^s.*t<n:^ fsrf^ 'Tf^nrt ^ir ^t^ ( ^v^-^ ) ^v^. 



\ 



- - ■ - -■ ' *- • . . : . ■ . ■ . i !■ '7 , 

^%^^f% ^?.%^ift^ I ( See iJ. 72 ) 
?|^ ( BOCK, a species of wind finstnunent ) t^(2f^^ 

:^vff f^ ( BANDORE, A. [stringed instrument fimilar to i 
lute ) ^j^Tlt5[^^ ^1^ («^<St^t^ %9^ r ^^^- 
f=(^^ ^5t at^ ( J°^" Rose ) 1^7^ ^^^ -^t^ 

^f»w (BOMBYX , a speeiesjof chaulumeoM at pipe of the 
Greeks, spoken' of by Aristotle; extremely difficult to 
play upon on account of its length ) (<|fin:^t^s^5nf TC^ 

^^ ( BARU, a military Turkish wind instrument made of 

tin ) iSi^ l[^^W%?r #3lf5(f^ 'rt^^, ^ftn- 

W. C.\ Stafford's Oriental Music. 
^ V^T ' ^ I ( BALAIKA,~a species of stringed instrument^moun- 
ted with two strings or wires \ ^«| (il^tft^rf^T \g\g T| a{ I 

(Niebuhr) Tltt^ 7^^, i£^ If^ ^f^ dJ iglH 

^^^ f|ef| ( BALLAKI BINA, a stringed instrument of the 

\ . _ 



--■— "- ■ - 

ancient Hindoos ) ^^^ f^f^?:^ <fl?J<2r^Jtlf ^^- 
TH^f^C'^^ I ^>flf^^t^^ ^t? ^^ ^5 I 
•^■HMf^ (BASSANELLI, an ancient wind instrument in- 
vented by the celebrated Giovanni Bassini, about the 

I latter end of the sixteenth century ) (it^r^ <2ft§t^ 

•^^^ / BANSHI, the corrupted name of bangshi ) ^s^%- 
^tt%^^*n ( BACCIOCOLO, a musical instrument) (^^^- 

Tf'ttTl ( BAG AN A, a lyrkeind insrtument common in [ 
Abyssinia) ^srtf^fjTfjTTrTUfC^t "St^f^^ ^it^^t^lT 

^C^ I ( See f%7rttT ) 

M. Villoteau. 
^Tt^fBt?f ( BANJORE, an African guiter-like stringed instrt- 

W (?Tr*r?f c^t^ c^t^ «rlf% <ii^ m ^t^^ ^^^ i 

W. C. Stafford. 
( BATILLUS, an instrument' made of metal ) 



1 




^^s 



TlSC'Vt'^ I 



^tC*Hl^ l ( BANDORA, a species of anciefit lute ihbunted 
with twelve steel- wires ) ^su^^^^l^vy ^t'f'fllt 

^:t^ ^^^t^f ( BIRD ORGAN, a small baYrel organ ) (ij^. 

T!9l5i ^5f •^f%?f1 %\\^ ^^f%»f ^fsf ^^iti:^ I ^?it- 

^ • • • 

^Ifil^^t ( BARYTON, the name of a beautiful toned instru- 
ment ) (^-^^ ^7^:^ '^^f^lf'n^ ^tWT^f^tT ^ I 
( See ^^t^l f^ C^T?l^Wl .) 

^tf^l ^1 ^tf^H ( ^ ^^^^^^^ '"' ^ARBITOS, a 
Greek stringed instrument invented by Alcaeus or ac- 
cording to some authors by AnacrcOn V(il'^T||; ^^f^ \g\f •■ 

"S^tfkM^ ^aH 'l Cl^^ ( Bacchus ) ^t^PF C^^lJt^ 

7{\^ ^^ ^«.^ I 

Strabo, Book X. C. 3, 

a+w+^^ ( BALAFO, a harmonicunkind stringed instrument 
of the Mandingos of Senigambia in Africa) ^tf^^? 



— -^ 



^r^'fy di^'t-tfel 'SRvr^t^it^ Ttf^^m ^f^ 

^ffW^^ C^^ ( I^iatonic scale ) ^^fft. '«^??^'3ft5I 

^ t ^t ^ l^ ^l ( BALALAIKA,a stringed instrument. common 
in Russia ) ^pfiTlltCW?:*! ^f^^ W^-^^V^ I ft^- 

f\U^ ^^ ^t^'^ 'Sft? il^^^^ I <il'^ Tfg ^% (2ftft^ 
t«"^?v <3P^5^1 ^'tjC^ t^T? ^5s*ff% I ( See p. 40 ) 

^;Tra f BASSOON, a beautiful toned and well known wind 
instrument used in English concert ) \s] c^^^j" Wfff^ 

(key ) f^Trifl ; ^^^[^ ^^\^ \^U^ G[ ^^T '^Jf 
^^tWt^ ^^>^R ^f%?f C^i«f ^^^, '-fl^^T ^t^ Tii^W 

clef ) ^|tr| ^^irt «ftTr^ 1 f^^ CTt<^^<lvn<^«il 

( Bouquin-players ) fj^ ^jf^ t^^ ^9f^^ ^twt^^- 
««ltC^^ ^fW?fl ^t^ ^^^t^ f^ CWU? ^^m C^JHT- 



■ J ■ ■■ II J MI 



'•'»4» TSiSC^T^ I 



^TT^R^t^ «(t?^ "ZtJftJT ^to ?rtr^ 1 ^t^^ 

^>i^, ^1 ^tC^^ (BASSET or BASSETTO, anunused 
instrument mounted with four strings ) 5t1%^^f^f»t^ 

^rt^^ ^*r ( BASSET HORN, an uncommon but beauti- 
ful wind instrument made of wood, of the compass of 
three perfect octaves ) it^T^^ ^«}Ff9|^, f%^ ^^tW 

^«. ^%5i I ^^ ^^ a ^? ^15^5 ^^irl ^ttr^, 

*ftC*IC^t^ '* ( S°lo passeges ) ^^^ 'SR^^fx^fji^- 

^t^ ( BASSO, the double bass ) ^^-^ -^pyi^ | 

^fr "ftW ( BASS GEIGE, the vioUncello ) ^^^tf^^ 

Tt^ ;5?t?T ( BASSE DOUBLE, a large siased double bass ) 



i » i <■* 



^ f^ ^^K ( BASSE DE HAUTHBOIS ) ^^ 

— fs %C^t^ ( — ^^ CREMONE, the ancien^ 
Fri^nch ngxne of fagotto or bassoon ) ^f ^^t^^l 7f\ ^f- 

— f^^f^^^l C^?p( — DE FLUTE A BEC, a species 
of wind instrument ^ ci|'^<2t7pt^ ^tft^T "^ft^f* 

— f^ ^^ ^^% ( -DE FLUTE TR AVER. 

SIRE, a wind instrument ^ cil^^J^^ ^frRRJ^f^^*!'^ I 
■(% ^Oft^ST ( — DE VIOLON, the double bass 

or contre bass ) \5^«^^|Tf 7(] ^^^ ^t^^ I 
^ ^tC¥tf% ( — DE VIOLE, the violincello ) 

— ^ ^lIPl ( — ^^ HARMONI, the ophicleidc 
■ «• tuha ) isf^iR;^c*t^ I ^^1 f*f^9i ^Tft^tTsr 

^^v55( ( BASS DRUM, a great military drum ) ^^^f^TT 

^fr Cvtt? ( BASSE FLOTE, an ancient wind instrument ) 
^\jir(\ ( BAHYA, a common kettle drum used by the vil- 



I . . _ _ii— u_~ iyy » j i J. I . > ■ ' '■ I " " ' ' 1 ■ ■■■ I I 



( 



lagers, of tndifc ); ^t^JJ^^^: tSfflTPTt^W?. <^'^ 
fif%^ ( BE AUG II, a Nepalese wind instrument \ tfl'^^ 

f^^55T 1% ^Nf ( BEDON DE BASQUE,, a small diwm 
with cymbals ) ^^[vyts^^g? ^J .'Slt^^^f^'l^ I 

C'f? ■^^f^t^f*!^ '^fS^ ^r^S? ^^ ^^ ^^RF 

r^*t?pt ^'tl ( BIPANCHI BINA, an ancient itringed 
instrument of the Hindoos \ f^'fffwCt?f (^'^^ <2ttft^ 
^^^;S I ( See p. 35 ) 

'^U^ll ( BISSERA, a wind instrument made of pewter ) 

f^C*f^ I 
^Cl^^ ( BISSEX, a guitcrkind instrument of twelve 

I 

strings ) ^tf*t^^f%f*t% f^^t?^t€tir Wf^C*f? I 
f^C^«T ( bISEN, an oval formed Chinese musical instrument) 



< Pere Amiot ) ^^^-^^n t^j^^ C^f/f^if ^^ ^ ^%t^ 

^«| ( BEEN, ) f(\ 

^«j-j ( BIN A, a remarkable an^ pleasing toned stringed 
instrument of -the Hindoos of the highest antiquity ^ ^. 

ISf^C*!"^ I / See ps 4 to i6 and 4th note, p. 47 \ 
^*tt^1 ( VENAE HA, the Singhalese name of bina ) ^«f-j- 

^f^^5f ( BCUCEINUM, a species of military instrument 
of the ancient Romans ) ,2(tft5f C^t^^f ^ t'l'^'ff^tll 

l!f%^1 ( BUCCINA, a Hebrew-wind instrument made of 
sheep-horn &c.) (£^7^ f^SFWt^ f^f^'^'^TSf^m^ I 

^t ^^ f^'nr ^'t^^ <2rt^ ^it^ I 

Padre Martini. 
^fv{ ( BUNI, a harpkind Eg^yptian instrument ^ (<l^s^ '^*f 

(Ben ) :^-| (Tifij ( Beni ) 7^71 \ ( See p. 16 ) | 
(Tebuni) ,s(^9\ ^^^ ^t^, f^ ' cs ' W^ 



1 



^8* ir3ir^^ I 



^iAtii)i^>B^*^iki^ 



jbescription d« rEgJr|)U, 
f^vS'f ( GREAT DRUM, a Well-kftoWn European mili- 
tary, in-trument of percussion ) (i|^f^ ^i2ff Jf^ ^^C?^- 

^if^lTlt? 'Sl^Tt^ CWC*{« 'Sf^f^^ «rt^ \ 
^•^l I BEH, a Nepalese wind instrument made of reed \ 

C^t^»? ( BECKEN, art instrument of percussiofl of the anci- 
ent Greeks and Hebrews ) ^\f[^ <^[^ 'Sf^K^W^F^^'^ 

C^Wl C*tt^t^ ( BECCO POLACCO, the Italian name 
of the large bag-pipe ) ^^Jt^f^^ft^^nr ^^5t^I 
^tl I ^^5t^ir CTt^l C¥t^ '^l^T 'il^ ^ W^f^ 

C^f^'ttftrrl ( BERRIGODEA, a species of long drum 
common in Ceylon ) f%g, ^^i(( . H^ <il^(2t^t?f 'Tt^TW" 

John Davy's Music of CeyUm, 






C^^^1 ( BENTWA, an African stringed instrument made 
of a flexible stick ) (£|^^ ^^^3r%*t^ I (£|^^ 

W. C. Stafford. 

af% ( BERI ) I (See c^f^C^tfWTTl ) I ^WllTf^ "C^ft " 

^;^ f^N^i;?r ^t ^tt'T ^l%f^'^ l ( see p. los ) 
(^s^ ( BELL, a well-known instruemnt of percussion made 

of metal ) ^^% nl^f^H"^ "^e^^^ ^^ I ^1 

^^1 ^n^ti ^K ^f^¥i %-^\i-^ ^t^^i ^c;g^ mm 

( See ■?f%1 ) I Tfl^f^ ( Ladak ) (;t^% C^\^<3^?t- 

( Church ) ^J^^^ ^^ I xst^t? S^t^I *'^/ C^^^" 
(Church-bell ) | (See ^7[7^^] ) | ft^ >2tf f% CWl'*t'« 



^8 5^ 



tr^^^t^ I 



C^t^»( ( BOUQUIN, a rude instrument ) (ijt^^ft^t^f 

(7ftlIW*T ^1!I^«T ( BOGEN FLUGEL, a clavicf'or keyed 
instrument, played with bow, invented in the year 1757 ) 

C*ll»l1"5f ( BONANG, ao instrument of percussion of the 

Japanese ) Trt^t^t^C^?r c<l^€f^t<f ^t^^^^ \ 
(P[\^\'\ ( BONEDAH, a Burmese instrument of percus- 
sion ) (ii:^(£r^t? i^^'T^r ^t^^Ti I ^^tc^ 

W. C. Stafford. 
C^i'^t^'K ( BOMBARDON, a musical instrument ) (fl^^^- 
^t^ "^mm I " "Gf^flFS " ( Ophicleide ) y^^ 

" ^t^ f^ ^t?f 'if*! " ( ^^^* ^^ harmoni ) (||^. ^^i^ 

^;s ^^^^^ I 

C^t^tt^ ( BOMBARDE ) ^1 

C^t'?tC^1 ( BOMBARDO, an ancient wind instrument of 
hauthdoy-kind ) ve?[TrWt^1T ^^<£r^tlT -STtft^ '^f^" 

C^VW ( BO U LOW, an African stringed instrument of the ] 



h«rpkind ) ,i|-^^ ^t*fwt^?r ^^5?;5f^^ I ^srt1% - 

"6^^ ( ^"^^'^ ) I (See v8^r^ ) I «T^ ^«iRl. •^- 

^tin ^^i.^t?r ^fws ^^Tfi «tti:¥ I 

?jj+o^ / BANG, an Indian musical instrument for children ^ 

^tt^S^ ^5^C«fT «tt^^ ^?tt?f1 <il^^ f^^«l C^3(^i:^ 
^^?f '^'tH €ft^ 'Sft^W ^^^ I^^t'tC^ <^^ ^3f 

^^t?i I'fTf c^c^Tv^tt «i't<jr.^^ -fTt^^tt f¥^^ 
f«tf«i^ ?tf^Tii 'gf^'^111 f^^ ^f^c^ ^1 r 

•^T+^ -*ft^^ (^BAG-PIPE, a species of ancient wind instru- 
ment ) (ii^^^t^ <2ftft5T isf^^^af I ^« ^^1 
^"^c*! ^^fk^ ^r^^^ ^ ^ ^c^, 1%^ 'srtft^^t^ 
^tfn?rt? ^^2^ cfrr i^i^?. f^f^i::?! f^iM^in <2f^- 
ff\^ f^^ I ^>i?i*f 'si^^^ft^^tTd «R^^ ^^irl 
f^irfc^ CT, 4^ ^a[ «r^if ^^*ff?^c^? <$:^^ 



^»8 ^OC'Pt^ I 



] 



( Titty ) ■?(] " c^\^ " ( Tourti )' ^^^^ , ( Ses p, 
86 and f%%ft or f%f%ft ) | ci)^ ^^ *rt5^^WC*f 
" C=r ^NW " ( Nei ambana ) ^-^^ f^TI^Wi:*r " ^- 
C¥t?(t?1 *' ( Zouqquarah ) 7^^^] ^f^f^xfi | ( See 
C^ ^Nl^d and ^^^tlt^1 ) 

^r^tj^ ( BUGLE, a well-known European military wind 
instrument of shrill sound ) ci)^^ ^5t^5^?f^f*f^ '^- 

f%, 1^, f^, ^, f^, ^ ( C, G, C, E, G. E ) ^?f|^ 
^1, «^, Tf1, 5f, 9f. -n cil^ Tf^rf 'Sf^^ fsfjf^ ^Tf 1 

Bugle ) :^^«=f I ( See -^vj ^f^f^r ) | tj? 1'7fi:W^'«f (H^ 
^^ " ^?^-^1-CW¥Jf, " ( Cor-a-clefs ) 7^ « 1^*^, 
^1 C^¥ JT^ " ( Trumpette a clefs ) ;;j'f^ ^fj^^ | 

■^tt%^1 f\^% ^1^ I .( See p. 84 ) 



\ 



^\f?iT^^ t ^8<t 



^^f7\ ( BRATCHE, the German name of viola or tenor 

viok ) ^\u\'^ ^1 cl^^ ^ti;T[M^c:s^ W'^%? ^t^ I 

^^-^^ ( BLOCK FLUTE, a species of wind instru- 

ment ) (il^cET^t? ^f^^^3[ I 
^Tt^^t^ (il^ ft«^ ( BLADDER AND STRING, a stringed 

instrument of the rustics \ '^t-^jfw^^^f^ c/|?pc^<P"t^ 

Vi I 

^»«T ^ ( VOLGA , a species of wind instrument ^ (t^-^. 

'®tf%1% ( VIELEE, the hurdy-gurdy ) ^fv^-^ff^^ I 
( See ^tf^-^rtf^ ) 

^tli^t^^l ( VIOLUNGEN, a species of stringed instru- 
ment ) (i|:^,2f^t? N©^^f%i:*t^ I 

'«tnrt«T, vSl'CTtW ( VIOLD'MOUI?, an instrument of the 
vie Unkind ) <e^-^^ <f!^5TWt^Tr ^^f^C*f^ I 

'«tT:irt^ ^1 "^^J ^rt?ir^^( VIOLON or CONTRA 
VIOLON, the double bass or contra basso \ vg^s^T ^trr 

'^ti:?t«TC5t'l ( VIOLONO, the double bass ) v5^«T 7(\7\- 

m I 

^.tOrt^f^t^ ( VIOLONCELLE ) r^^ 



^«>«aMa^ 



■ »»>■ ■ ■ » -« 



'«tC?t*Tf^C«1l ( VIOLONCELLO, a well-known skringed 
instrument ) ^t^■^^ ^'Stf'I^ ^©^S"^ I ^t^^'^ ( "^"^ 
dieu ) ^f5f?p ^1^-^ ¥1!^ ^tW?F ^^ c^^^T^ 

^^^(^ Tarascon ) .^f^Tf^^r ^t^ ^f%Z;N5^ I (71^ ^m^ 

*? f5*t ^5.^? <^i:^ ^1^^ ( Berdaut ) ^t^ ^I^U^ 

^^C^ ^tUlt^^'n^ ( Violonc^ll ) <p^^ I ^?,«^i:>Q? 

^tClimi ( VIOLA ) :!I1 

^\ 3ftf^^ ( - - ^^ BRACCIO, the tenor Tiolin-) 

— !% iR'rt^ (— ^^ AMOUR, a beautiful stringed instru- 
m«nt) ^7^^ ^,^^ ^^^;5f%^*f^ I ^^1 »rt«ft?(*i 

— fe ^W ( ^^ GAMBA, aa uncommon Stringed in» 

strument ) ^^^ ^£f5f%^ ^^^Tlf^i:*^^ I %^'^ 



^?r <^-^l. ^5ftTr ^^fT5T ^t^'^ ^IWS ff TT I f^, 

<mnv\ ( c. Abel ) ^p^■^p (ii<pfl?^ ?fjf^ (H^ TH^tn^ 
'^n^t?? ^fwirl ^tf^TTti:?? i ^irt^ ^t^tir ^^tir 

^?rt^1 fe C'ttlfJWl (VIOLA DE BORDONE, a stringed 

instrument ) ^"^ ^^^^f^'t^ I 
^t^tf'I'C ( VIOLIN, a well-known stringed inetrument ) 

^^"^^ '^'Stf^W ^m5^^ I ^^1 c^^^t^ ( Orchestra ) 
«f^f^ ^tT.Wr ^J^^^ i^l ^]Uf I ^^^ 5tfs^ 

<ii^s. ^^ ^^ f^%?;ti? f^ff^^ '^ICiT ^f^?tii1 

W ^UF^^IiTr? r^?F^^ ^^^"^ ( Stopped notei ) 

^^, f3[^, F^S^^ n^^^ f^S^tf?^ ^^t^ ♦rtTIlT I 
^^^ ^?.?tWtC^ " 'P^'' " ( Chord ) (fiTjo^ ^pf^. 

( ^**'^ ), Tf^^t^ ( Sonnerat ) €}s^f% .£ffy|^ '^^at- 



I 



. : — ■ ■ ■ ■ ... . . . ,. 4 >f 



^t^?l^ ^^^T15«I fj^t^^ ■^^TlU^ I ( See p. 67 ) I 

^f^^lf^C'Tl ( VIOLINO, a species of stringed initrument ) 
^ti:?[tt%Rl f^m] ( VIOLINO PICCOLO, small violin) 

^tCIt%^C^ ( VIOLENCELLO ) , ( Sc. ^i^\^ 

f^t^ ) 
x»fC¥n;;«T^1 ( VIOLETTA, a stringed instrument ) (£(^^ 

C^C*f1 " ( Soprano ) | 
^tf^^»{«T ( VIRGINAL, a species of stringed instrument) 

( Spinet ) I ( See p. 47 ; 3rd note in the same and 



«■••««•--—<- 



f%^tQf*P ( VIS.SANDSCHI, a wind instrument of the 

Negros ) fm^f^ltj (S[T^^7^ isf^lf^ I 
(r§t^ ( BHENPU, a wind initrumtnt of the Hindoos ) 

f^'^fWC'^l^ (iJ^-«r^t^ 1»f^?f^5 I ^^ ^t^*t» 

C^ft ( BHERI, an ancient instrument of ptreussion «f 
the Hindoos ) f^»^f^c^^ <il^^^t^ '^ft^l^^ I 

'^^^^^ <ii^v2f^t^ isf^?^?:;^?^ ^N csf\ \ ( s*e 
p. 85 ) 

^f^j\ ( l^ANJIRA, a nameof mandira ) 5lfnf?Tl ^{g"il 

^'gr^? ^t^ I ( See 3ff^<jl ) 
5t;55 { MADDU, an ancient Hindoo instrumtnt of peir- 

cussion ) f^5^5Ftf%?f cil^iSf^t^ "Srtft^ ^t^W^ I 

''('i^c^tc? ^^t^ '^CM^ ^tr^ I 

l^ft ( MADIIUKARI, Ja wind instrument of the anci«nt 
Hindoos ) <2fff|q f^ffrfC^t^ tfi^'Sf^t? 1Sf??nf^- 

^v\-^ I 

iq^(il?f ^ Crt^^ ( MANUALE w MANAULOS, a 
wind instrument of the ancient Efyptian instrument 
in the from of a buU's-horn ) (gfft:^ ^5(>|^fHd?T ^■* 

N9^ 



M«^M*^Mitf>^f 



I 

^^jj+^y^^ TMONOCHORD, a stringed insta-umcnt mounted 
with one string ) (il<^\6^f^f*t^ tfl^ifRftir "ij^^ I 

"H^f^ ( MANDORA, a lutekind stringed instrum«nt ) 

^f*f^1 ( ^ANDIRA, sir all castanets of the Hindoos made 
of metal ) f^^jf^^-sf^j ^SfTfi^f^^^lTJ | >!#tt^^ ^St^T 

( See ^?^v5t«T ) I f^^ ^1 ^^J^ETC^ll 'Bl^^ I 
;ff^!^ ( MARABBA, a species of stringed instrument of 

the Arabs ) ^^%5t?T ;il?p«t^t?r v!»\5*l<S|f^C*r^ I 

•Sl[^7\ ( MARDDALA, a rude instrument"* of percussion «f 
the Hindoos used by the hill-tribes ) fs'fff^^'^ ti]^- 

^ifrsr^ '5f^^^i:«f T^ ^^TTti:^ i ( se« p. 96 ) 

sj^fjcfl ( MAHATIBINAj a most ancient and well- 
known stringed instrument of the Hindoos ) fWfif- 



.A«_ 



• ■" ■ — ■ — -..— — -.■'■ . ■ ' 

( Se« p. 3 ) 
Tt^'^t^ ( MACHALATH, a flutekind wind {nitniment 
of the Hebrews. ) frf^^tf^t^TT ^5,%Wt^^ ^f^?^- 

f'T?;^? 1 ^t^c^^T^ ^^t^f%^ ( P"'"* ) -nw 

^^t? ^tff<f "^K"^ I f%^ C^^ C^^ ^TJ[^ CT 

t^<!f^» T[^7l?^^^9 c^^^n ^^fS I ( Sec f5ft^5f J 
yt H ^t'T ( ^^ACHOL, a flutekind wind instrument of the 
Hebrews ) f^^fl%?ri ^?.^Wt€t^ 'il^^ ^f^?r^I5 • 

^^?ri «>r[r^ I r^^ ^t^t"'^ ^t^t?T 'rc^ ^^1 ^^ 

Carl Engei. 
st^flfjf If ( MAGADIS, a stringed instrument of the anci- 
ent Efyptians ) ^^^ f^y^flWflf ^'^^'^U ^^^ 

f^5T^, ^t\^i, "^i ^tf^^^T <2f^f% f^mft^i^is 
T^^ ^f'rs f^'fTii?, ^«ftf<^ ^^t?l f^i:w% ^t^- 

f^1 ^f?[^t?l W^ f^5(ti:^t?\ ( Pythajorus ) ^^ 



1 < -■■ 



^0:^ -^^^^l^ I 



^^1 '^^t^C^ ft^t?i ^f?Tf1 ^U^^ \ 

Carl Enfcl. 

^|5[|jf ( MAGAS, an ancient Egyptian musical instru- 
ment ) cii^^ ^\f\^ fir^|t?r ^^f^xsTf;^ i ( sce 

^tC^^1 "^1 ^tCif^l ( MAGREPA or MAGREPHA, a 
bag-pipekind wind instrument of the Hebrews ) fff*^^- 

a^ ^rl^-'ntt^wt^?r f^^ ^;^r^c^^ i ( see 

p. 8S ) 
^t^^ ( MAGHOL, a species of Hebrew stringed instru- 

n^«nt ) (il^^^t^ frr^TT ^^^^ I ( See ^f^c^ ) 
^5«;j- ( MACHOL, or MACHUL, a Hebrew stringed in- 

strument mounted with eight strings \ ci)^^ fTT^Wt" 

1t^t*Tt»T ( MAT ALAN, a small flute of the Araerican- 
Indians ) ^ti:^f|f^|j ^^TTtWII c£|^.2r^t^ '^5 
f^m I C^Htf^^il ( Bayadere^) ^jsj^ ^^ (£i^ 

^^ \Z'^^ ( MANTROMMEL, a German stringed in- 
strument ) ci|-^^ ^'^%^ ^vS^f^^f I f^^ 



♦ff?|f"f^l S.«>3 j 

5tt^f ^ T\\fJ! H^Z^ CtC^ ^^ ^t^T^Wt^TT WSi- 
'(tC'QtTi ( MANDOLA, a flat-toundcd f uiter ) C^fPT" 

^n:^tf?IJi; ^1 >rtC9t1%CJTl (mandoline, or MANDO- 
LINO, a guiterlike stringed instrument with fretts ) 

ft*tt^ ^f^^ t^ ^^¥^1 C^f\\f& '»rr^ I 

( See p. 38 ) I (£1^ T^^Tf C^^t^t?r ^tlf ^^^^ 

^I'^^tf^^ ( MIFRAKITHA, a species of Hebrew wind 
instrument ) cl)^ *f:?ptlf f^^^CWlf 'fSf^Tl^igf^i:^^ I 

( See ^ttisrtf^'^n ^1 ^t^r^^i ) 

'fhft^nr ( MARAOUEH, an Egyptian instrument of 
metal ) <i|^,ff;^st^ 7(^r^% \ cfl^^rtf^T C^'^jT^H^ 

^f^^ ^ I fst^lh ^'^ ( Copt ) ^t^^ ^r^^f'^t- 

mfiJ^t ( MARIMBA ) I (See ^tf^^| ) : r.v, ,. ' *'' 
,jtCirt^ ( MAROUCH ) , (See ^t;^) ^ ■ ^^ • 



ftTt'^ ( MERLINE, a small ©rgan, invented_ for f 'tnrf / » \ - 
purpose of teaching black birds \ (ij^^^f^ ^'^'^'f 



■i /.• 



^7- 



•h4 



I 



^ftS 



•^c*t^ \ 



ftC3^rf^««n ^1 3ft^tf?F^ ( MASCHROKITHA or MA- 
STRACHITA, an ancient Hebrew wind instrument 
like the ancient Egyptian syrinx and modern pandtfan- 

^^ ^'^j c^^ ic< ^^^t?j f^?fi ^^t?r TTfJif^^ii 

Danniel, iii. 5, 7, 10 and 15. 

f'ff^f^^ ( MINGHINIM, a stringed instrument of the 

Hbrevvs ) f^f^^^fTf ^Tf^ ^^^ISf^^f^ I ft^t^ 

( Kircher ) T^fC^^^lf M^ '^^mj 'arfTT «(t?*t^^- 

f^fif^ "il^'SfO ^tr^ ^^^^f?T ^t5 'il'^N ^t%- 

f^f^^ ( MINNIM ) , ( See 7[\7^\ii^ ) 
f^?f (MIR, a species of wind instrument ) ^C'*^'5 'fl^^ 

^in ifi^i£i^r<T tsf??^ I ^^ 'p^r^ ^'^t^ Ft^ 
f^>fv5 ^m 5ttcT I ^'r^ ^^^^»ri:^ ^tt'^jw^- 



I -.- 



nf?r»^# I vftot 



NC^t^'^H ( MISCHROKITHA ) , ( See STtC^f^^ri 
a-^^ ( MURAJA, an ancient instrument of the Hindoos) 

^^ ^1 ^t^C^ ^\ZH I ( See p. 96 .) 
a^^ ( MURALI, a most ancient and wellknown wind 

instrument of the Hindoos ) f^^^trfii^^t^ <fl^^ ^f^ 
<2ftft^ '^'Ht. ^f^<2(f>IW tS%Wf^i:*t^ I ( See p. 
75 ) I ^^1 ^SUt^lt 'T'ffo^ ^'N*fl!^ fjif^ <^^2. 

Tf^yj^ ( MUSSETTE, a wind instrument like a small bag- 

'S^'V ( MRIDANGA, a wellknown and most ancient 
instrument of percussion of the Hindoos \ fy^fff^CtTf 
<fl^^ ^"Srf^TW ^^'v «lf^<2ttfr5{ ^5l^3[ I ( See 

C^^.f^Crt^, ( METHZBLOTH, a symbalskind instrument 

1 



"^w* 



of the Jews ) f^ftWIf f>r?TWt^lT ^T^^^ I 
( See csj^ t^ti»R ) 
C^^ti:^t1^^( ME^ZOFOHTE, a species of wind instru^ 

C^^ Tff^ ( MET SANG, a Persian instrument with two 

C^^fe^f^^ ( METHZILTHIM, a musical instrument of 
the Jews ) f?f^^C»? <il"'P<2f^t«I ^1?J^ I ( S«« 

CSf^tf^ST ( MENAANIM, a systrumkind musicttl instru- 
ment of the Hebrws ) fif^^WTT te^Wt^ ^tWT- 

CTf^P^^ ( MANICHORD, a ttringed instrument \ (^;ip;^ 
^^^f^tt^ I ( ( See fSspfc^^^ ) 

CSrf?[^. fet**t^ ( MARINE TRUMPET, a rude instru- 
ment with a long neck, mounted with only one string ) 

CftTtfe^'T ( mELODICON, a species of musical instru, 
ment ) (i|^<2{^?pt^ ^^I^TSf^ir*!^ I C^^t^^TC^f ^ 

^^?fir^t^ %^^^ ( Riff«i ) ^\^ wt^^ ^r% 



f 



iVM. 



fs|»^a^ ( Bars ) TBTtTiW, ^^?ft^ *t^ f^*?!^ ^ I 
Cl^tf^^l ( MELODIC A, a clavier instrument V (^^5^ 

( J- A. Stien ) ^s|^ ^ ^?^ I 
Cf^^t^ ( MESHEK, a wind instrument of the Hindoos N 

Music by Lieut-Col. James Tod. 
From Annals and Antiquities <Jf Bajast'han. 
C^^ ^ ( MESCAL, a Turkish wind instrument ^ (^^^ 

rala^gjl ( MONAULO, a" wind instrument of the ancient 
Greeks ) .fftff^ fst^tMiT tfl^^ '^%'rsf^n?^ I 
C^^ C^^ ^^^ fjf^^l ( Phrygia ) (;;f»f ^^ 
^PtUft^Pr^ ( Cadomus ) ^ ^t^f«t^1 ( Harmonia ) (£|^ 

f^l^rt^ll^ft ( Minerva ) ^^f^ ^^ ^t%?t%?R2l 
Crt^t^ ( MOHALLI, a Nepalese flageolet \ (;^*ff?|- 



I 



sOvO 



Tfyt'Sf ( MAM, a wind instrument of the ancient Egyn 
tians, ofthe bag-pipekind ) (gfjf^^ f^^ftK^? "^Tt^- 

An account of Manners and Customs of the Modern 
Egyptians, by, E. W. Lane. 5th Edition. London, 
1870. 

?jj«t=^^i5- ( JASHAHPATAHA, an ancientinstrument of 
pcicussion of the Hindoos \ f^s^f^^^ (i|^i2t<Ft? 

-^l^^l^ MORRGHY, an inbtrumett of percussion of the 
Hindoos ) f^^^?t^ (X|^<£f^t^ ^t^l^W I ( ^^* 
p. 103 ) 

H^ ^1 ^Tl^ ( ^ONGO or LUONGO, a species of hun- 
ting horn common in Africa \ ^tf^^t^ ^^f^filNS ^'^- 

^^c| ( RABANA, a most ancient stringed instrument of 
\ the Hindoos ) f^^%5f^ -f\5^tft^ ^^^^f^^^"^ I 



nf^N^ I ^«s» 



( See ^-f^cff^ Tl ?fiW^J I (ilt M C^ *fC?f 

(Omdto ) ^t^i^ ^ ^^^ ^tF>^ ^w^ ^?r I 

M. F«tii. 
^■^ ( REBELLE,' a species of stringed Jnstrumen ) ^;^. 

^^t^ ( REBAB, a wellknown and ancient stringed instru- 
ment of the Hindoos) f^^Tf fvfC^ftT 4«?i;t 4t&i^ -Q 

( See p. 26 ) 1 (^^ c^ '^l^^ ^'t '--ii^vi ^\^^- 



I — 



m < ' ■ ■■ ■ I » I nil 

m'^ I IFC^^/C Crawford ) jjti:!^ ^^7^;^, ^l^vitfl 

^C^'P^ f[\f& ^rt?:^ I ( See ps. 5» and 67 ) 

Crawford's /iK{ian Arehiptlago. 
•St^ltf*^ ^tipl (RULLANTE TAMBURO, » imal 

military drum ) ^^^ (^^^ Trt>ff?¥ T^tf^*t^ I 
^^5f ^ ( ROSSIGNOL, a little initrument for immi. 

tating the warbling of a bird \ ♦f^f^t"t'^? ^?t^^'4* 

?trV^ Tl V;|C^)> ( RACKETT or RANKETT, an •%- 
tremely old wind instrument, made of wood \ ^f^- 

«2ttft^ MWH <il^ ^t^Qf^-^J "<»ft?Pr^I?1^ I 
^t^t^K ( ^•'^^QUET, a wind instrument ) (i|^ "^f^^- 

^f^-3ff5|; ( RAN^NAN, an] instrument' of metal of the 

Siamese ) ^jJt'TCW^aW^ <fl^«fTt? ^JHTSf I 
|f^«f?[ ( RAPPEL, a musical instrument of the Xgyptians 

similar to the great drum ) Wtff^p^rtJI ^Tfl ^^T«f- 



•»»- 



J\'^^ ( RABANA, a species of kettle drum used in India ^ 

J. R Danneley. 
^t^^^ ^1 ^^«tt^5f ( RABANASTRA or RABANAS- 
TRAM, a most ancient stringed instrument of the 
Hindoos ) f^H?' f^^^:^ ^^,^ ^1%<2rtft^ ^^^^f^- 

%-^ '^m'^ ^it^^ ^\m I f^'^f^c^^ '' ^N*i " 

'^^ lT«.'^%f^^ I ^^1^^ cf|3I^%t^?f^ ( M. Fetis ) 

and 1st. note in the p. 69 ^ 
1?t^f*l { RABANI, an instrument of percussion of the Sing' 
halese ) f^j^^^lf^Tf^ <i|f cEf^t^ ^(^^^^ I ^^t" 

■^^s f5T2.^5iffc*lTr .f%^ Ftfiiw^ ^i^t^ ^^t?:^ 

^^^ '?t^=T ^f%TI1 ^T^J'lir I C^^ ^1 ^?t^t^^ 



1 



f^V |»j ^ flf^'t^ ( R-IGOL or REGALE, an ancient mu- 
sical instrument ) (i)^(2f^t?r "Sftf^ '^rtWTT^Ijr I '*\5'^- 

ff'ttf^^T ( RIGABILUM, a very ancient musical instru 
ment ) c/j-jp^ 'wf^.^ftft^ Tt^Ttliy I J f?^^®?! I^" 
Cange ) ;^^ (/i'^ tt^^t^ ^-jfrtaTfTni^rf 'ftt ^^?t? 

f?(?TF ( R^LCH, a species of Russian lute)* cHip^ff^if 

f%TI^^ ( RILEK, a Russian stringed instrumtnt resembling 
the lyre ) c^fltlf^t;!^ ^TfTf cil^^f^t? W^ ^^- 

m I 

^C^*[ '^f^'^ ( RIESEN HARFE, a stringed instrument ) | 

"F^H ( RUN J A, an ancient Hindoo instrument of per- 
cussion ) f^^f?fc^? c*<F,£r^t?T '^tft^ ^t^^^;^ I 



j: 



] -nfTiff^i 



VJj^ 



■<6r?;7T / RUBEBE, a rebab-like stringed instrument, but 
mounted with one or two strings ) cfl^^ ?T|X^ 

•^^^■| t RUANA, the corrupted name of rabana N ^^«|- 
C?(C^ ( REKEC, an oriental trebab ) ^^f^Ji^H l?t^ 

^\^^ ^^I'S ^W ^ ^^^tr't ^^ ^-JTI tt^ 
^^^t?r "^^ ^^1? ^t^ * * C?n:^^ " ( Rebebbe ) 

ff^ I f^^ 'tr? ^^?r ^^^?>^Tt5r <«^Ss ^^rart^ 

f^-^Ul[ ^l^?? ^if?"^^:? l^^TTI f^^, <il'<{5T (5tt5ir- 
fWtM? ^^^51^1^ ^^f^*t? ( Rustic fiddle ) 

C?<1^ f1 C?t^1 ( ROTE or ROTA, a species of European 
stringed instument ) (£|^,£t:^|i ^^t?t*?tTf '3^^^ I 

C?fi*f5|T:Ft#t ( ROWSHANCHOWKI, a wellknown wind 
instrum(nt common in India and Persia ^ ^t^v*^'^ ^ 

( Seep. 81 \ 
cit^^Z^'fl ^<1 ( ROWSHANCHOWKI SURNA ) | 

( See C?l'^5{l5\ft ) 
lirt^«T^ ( RATTLE, an African musical instrument ) (^- 






^^ 'Bitff ^tT:»r% ^[Wni [ i^T^ ^?f f%^lf 

*Il5r1 ^1 ill'^[f%5T ( LONGO or EMBANKIS, an Initru- 
ment of metal common in Congo \ (il^i2f^'('?J W3- 

?!(j^ ( LAUTE, the German n«me of lute) ^^^f^^ lf^%? 

7\\9W f LA PA, a wind instrument of the Tartars, mad* of 
copper) ^t^tllfwCt? ^t3lfs(f^^ (A^ 'Ttf^m 

»It!Tl(1 f*t«tti:^tft ( LYRA PYTHAGORiB, a atrinegd 
in»trum«nt) (<i«p^ ^'^^nsf^C^ I ( S«« ^ftTTt^ 

— T^f?l*t1 ( — BARBERINA, a stringed instrument ) (^^ 

^t*^^, Gf tfsf { ^^°> s*pt- ^®"* ) JifnF wt^ ?T% 
^^ «f«t?T f5i'^t«i -^zim I <ii^ 'TC^tr '^ <4^ 

V(t5f " ^tf^^^ " ( -Amphichordon ) 



«lt?(^ C^^f^ld (LYRA LESBIA, a stringed instrument ) ' 

( Lesbos ) ^i^ ^\ ^t^t^tN©^ I 
^"jFt-jr ( LYRE, a celebrated stringed instrument among 
the Greeks and Romans, of which Ae invention is 
ascribed to Mercury. This instrument is of the greatest 
antiquity, and has, in consequence, ofttn varied both 
in its form and in its number of strings \ <^^ ^^n 

'^US ^t¥f^ Oi^^\ ^4'^ %'^'^ \ ^^ w^ 

'Bi^f ^ ^^^^ «tflf^^ ^f?T[l ^^^ ^i:^5{ I 

-_ ^;^ s j ^;^ { f^ Urn, MERCURY, an ancient instrument of 
four strings ) ^t^ 5tf?(^'^^f*i^ <S^f\^ ^^g- 

— f^fStf? (— " GUITARRE, a modern instrument of six. 
strings ) cfl^tt ^^^^f^f*t^ "^it^lfjPF ^^'m I 

— f% ^tn(t<T ( — ^^ VI OLE, an ancient stringed in- 
strument ) (ij:^^ ^fj^ >fcv6tl3{ I ^ <A'^^f\ 



* ~ ■ - ■ ■ r-.. ^ , ^ 



4.isJ» Tf^C'P^^ I 



■^nU ^^f^*tl ( ^^^^ BARBERINA, a stringed 
instrument ) (ij^^ '^T^^igf^t^tt I %'^\US *ts«»1if*l&t 

^,|^ / LARIGOT, a pipe ot flageolet or the shep- 
herds ) c'l'^'tt^^Ti'Tl «tt^^^^ ^f^^w'&^lf 1 

^^^ ( LIUTO, the lute ) ^^7^ \ 

m f^l'f ^T"^^^"^ ( LIGNEUM PSALTERIUM, a 
species of stringed instrument ) (ii^i,?(^t"?l ^5^^^' 

( Dulcimer ) -^i-^-^ ^tl I ^1»-^^ «f^tl^ *C*tt^^- 

f5{^t^ '®f^i:^l ( Gusikow ) ^t^:^ iSi■^^^^ ff^^ft 

f^^ '> / Strohjkdel, straw fidaie ) (ii?[»^ ^t^TW:*f 

G;r^|^ ( LICHAKA, a wind instrument, made of reed, 
common in Africa) (tj:^^ 5I«lfi<f^N5 "^f^^^f^l^t^ ' 

^T^^? ^a 1 

W. C. Stafford 



■ ' i» l fc 





?rTx( LITUUS^ a wind instrument in the shape of 
the Sacred Rod of the Augurs ) '?T?t?ff^cf?f <J^- 

*J^^ ^5ft^ ^< TTl ( Cornua ). :^1 t^^<[t^ (Tuba) 

f^l^^l ( L^'^^O' **^- ancient clarion y ,2fff^^ Ftf^'S'^ 

f^ff^j ( LI NCI A, a stringed instrument ) (4<p^ ^^^ 

f^C'^ I ( See C^r*^^«^t^1. )" 
fv\<[ \ ( LIRA, the lyre of the ancient Greeks and Egyptians \ 

C^^vS^I ( — TEDESCA, the German lyre) ^»0.«t^vf- 




^1 ^t^l ( — ^'^ GAMBA, a stringed instrument ) t<;^. 

^ ig+frj^i ( — DA BRACCIA.an ancient Italian strin- 
ged instrument ) t<i^^ <£(t§t^ ^^t^TF ^^^i^- 
f^C^f^ I ^^f^^td ( Finger-board ) cf^^ c<i^^ 



fq?1 n^ (WR^ PAGANA) I ( See ^\^\jij 

— ^^r^*t1 (— BARBERINA ) , (See 7\\m ^^f^*tl) 
frf^-^l ( RUSTIC A, a species of lyre of the an- 
cient shepherds of It»ly ) ^s5t#i;^r*t^ 'Sftft^T C^" 
nt'PI^CW^ c«^2t^^ ^TtltH^ I 

— C^^^f^Tf ( — HEXACHORDIS, a species of lyre 
mounted with six strings^ (^^ ^ ^^f^H^ ^Tf- 

f«TW^1 ( L^ ^^ESSA, a bad lyre ) (i|^^ ^*1f% ^^flft^ 

f^f^ej { LIRONE, an uncommon stringed instrument of 
eleven or twelve strings ) i^-^ <i|^*f ^ ^t^ 

5Tt^ ** ^tnrt^ f% CTf^^Wl " ( Viola de bordone ) 
~ <tr^j:¥C^1 ( - PERFETTO ) I (See fjf^j ^| 

^t^t ) 
wtjf ( LUTH, the French name for the lute, a musical 

instrument, which, since the invention oftbe harp, ig 

totally laid aside ) ^^j^^^ ^^|^ ^ , ^^^. / 



Cltl^ ( LOTINE, a wind instrument ) (ii^,2ftp|?[ ^f^ 
^af I <ilfferc^ir ( ^thenoeus ) ^f^ ^ '*\\W^^ 

^^F? ^CT ^^? Wt*lTt% ^Rt<(l ^^ifl 'itti:^ I 

wj^ ( LUTE, a musical stringed instrument \ (fl'^r^ T\- 

— ^P" (— ARCHI ) , ( Se« ^tf^l^t^ ) 

— f«t^rrr^ ( — THEORBO ) I (See f^fNet^f ) 

mf ( LURE, a rustic wind instrumtnt ) cfl^^ <5ff5fJ ^f^?J 

^ I ?p^^ ^'itJf ^%fC^« ^fS^ ^^11 ^Z^ I 

»f^ ( SHANKHA, a most ancient wind instrument of 
1 the Hindoos ) f^jff f^^ i^j^ ^f^Cftft^^SI "«- 

^^I ^^lit ^n^^ ^^ I <4^C«l C^^«T 'It?'^ 



•rtT ** *1t^W^ 'W " ( Panchyajanya shankha ) 
i£(m, ^5(^ m-J[ »(c^?[ ^\i[ *CWW« *W' ( Devadatta 
shankha ) ^f^;^^ f^R^ '^\m I ^^^^ ^^ (5^:^ 
'Sf n:n ^tTT^^^lT "tV^li ^\^ (Pf^1 'itTf I f^ - 
^*1 f ^'^t^t?! "t^T:^ " 'f^*^ " ( Mahashankha ) 

^^\Z'^ " ^«{5 ^"^s " ( ^°°^^ trumpet ^ ^^^ 1 
( See p. 8s ) 

«fSf / SHAWM, a wind instrument of the ancient 

Hebrews ) ^f\^ fi(^^?:w? «ii^«2r¥t?r '^fwr5[- 

f^r't^ I ^^1 CWf^fl^ " ^8^Tf " ( Hautliboy ) ^ 
" ^T:<^ '' ( Cornet ) ^j^^ ^^ | 

*t?lW ( SHARAD, a stringed instrument common in In- 
dia, (fee. ) ^f:^;®?!^ €tff^ C^^t-Sf^f^^ >®^"^gf^- 
em I ( See P- 28 ) 

■••tW^ ^¥ ( SCHAFARFEIFE, a species of bag-pipe) 

"''tl^i^ ( SHAMI, a species of wind instrument of the 
Arabs ) ^ta^f^C't^ t£|^2f^tl ^f^'^Sf I ^^^ 



.SSS. 



nf^r*f^ I \'\^ j 



"^Hti^ ^^1 ( SHARADIA BINA, ) | (See p. 28 ) 
*ttf%f*t^ { SHALISHIM, a species of stringed instru- 
ment of the Jews ) f^^ffc^?! ifl"^'^^! ns^^I^- 

I. Sam. xviii, 6. 
^f^"^^ ( SHUKTIPATTA, a musical instrument of the 
ancient Hindoos ) ^\f[7\ fj^^^f^f^^ (il^^t^t?! ^ttfJ- 

^;gf^r*t^ I 

s*sj ( SHRINGA, the Hindoo horn ) f^'?f^i:^W '^fh% 

^%^ I ^^1 5lt5rt^^t^iT«r ^^Tf1 ?IR¥ I ( Sec 
ps 83 to 8s ) 

C*tt^f^ /'SHOPriAR, a trumpetkind wind instrument of 

the Hebrews) fii^f^^^^ ^?Wt^ '^feraW- 

Cft^t^^ ( SHOFEROTH, an ancient wind instrument 
of the Hebrews ) f^^ffj;^^ t^^^^ ^tft^ t^^j^ \ 
7l■^^^ ( Solomon ) ,i]^ 7^ ^R^^ ^fl^NSq I 

Psalm, xcviii 6. 

^r^ft*ti ( SHRUTI BINA, a stringed instrument of 
the ancient Hindoos ) ^|f|^ f^f f?CTl <4^ n5^5^ 

^^z*\^ I .^^NS^'fc*! ^^f?r "^ci^ ^tz^ i 

QSjjfff (SHRYARRI, a wind instrument ) cij^igf^t? ^f^^ 



\ 



••MMBBaM^ 



*.«. 'SSpyr^ I 







^^t^ ( S ATT A LI, a species of the Hindoos ) f^fjf. 

t^Tt^l ( STICCADO, a musical instrumtnt- \ (^^^ :^|({j 
^3fff^C*m I ^^t%^, f^, ^WVS ( W. C. Stafford ) 

( Claquebois ) :^j?^ | f%^f^j( ^t^^O^O tfl^ ^ 

nic scale ) ^ff^ =|^1 i^^^ | (;^ ^t^Tt^t^tirl 

€t^t?r c^ti^ *fwtT:< 'rf^^ I 

( STEERSTUCK, an ancient name of tht harp- 

sichord ) ^♦ffjfwn:^ <ttft^ 5fk I 

C^^^r^pfsf^ t^^ ( STENTORPHONIC TUBE, aceord- 
ng to Chambers, a speaking trumpet ) C^^^^ ^\~ 

^ti^ c^ ^^w^ %*t;?Fc^ f^^ ^<^ ^srfcf, 
f^f5{ tii?R«t ^TiTsr ft^^t? ^f??:^ *ft%^^ CT, 

CT^^'^TtT ^ ( Alexander the Great ) (^^ ^?rtW^- 



mmA. 



Tj^^-| V SANKO, a species of stringed instrument common 
in Africa ) (fl'^gj^pfif ^v5^ I ^Si^^\ ^<£t*t^ ^t" 

JJ3 ( SAUN, a species of Burmese stringed instrument) 
(71^ ^^^?T '©^l ^C^ ?f3R^?:^ <fliR*t^1 

r 

^|-^|f5(^U { SONOMETRE, an instrument employed to 
determinethe mathamatical proportions of sounds ) ^Xi^ 

■jrsj ( SUMARA, a species of wind instrument ) {£(^- 



4.18 



TRjCWJIX I 



«£t^?r tsf?^^^ I ^'^ '^^f ^fw ^Tl f^f^^ I 

*>C*^lf*l^ l ( SUMPHONIA, a bag-pipekind wind instru- 
ment of the Hebrews ) f|[^ftCW^ ^^ ^Tt^^i^f^tTT 
f^'I?r^%*t^ I ( See p. 88 ) ^^i:^cTt'5'f^ ^f^O" 

7[-c^ I ( See ^^trwft'^jrt ) 
Tj^Zf ( SAMBALL, an instrument of percussion of the 

Hindoos ) f^ %^^ (fl:^^ ^JT^Tf^f^t'^^ I ^^ 

7l»55p>T ( SAMBUCUS, an' ancient musical instrument 
resembling the lute ) ^f^in:^^ ^grff (fl^SfTt^ 

yra^ ( SMBUCA, a Grecian stringed instrnment \ <i|<p^ 

<lt>I^W%ir ^^^f^^*r? I ( See p- 25 and ^«<?. 
note p. 46 ) 
1?Jt^ ( SARABA,""an''instrument of percussion common 
in India ). (£i^,2f^t^ 'STt^l'f ^ I til^^TW TsThf 







7[^!^ ( SAROODA, Ihe corrupted 'name tf eharad \ 

5^«(j / SURNA, a wind instrument common in India and 
Persia ) («i^^ ^?lv5^^ cfl^S, *tt?^5rWt>2t^fiT^ 

^vjf ^TI I ( See ps. 1 16 and 117 ) 
7\e(\^ ( SURNI, the Malayaa name of surna ) 5F{«f|- 

T^^a / SQRDUN, an extremely ancient wind inetrunent ) 

Inf^ ( SORDONI, tlie Italian name for an ancient wind 
instrument corresponding to the bassoon ) ^ft^I^Tf^^^ 

Tf^f^^T^ ( CERVALET, an ancient wind instrument \ 

^llf%^ ^CR^I (SALTERIO TURCHESCO, accor- 
ding to Bonnanf^ an ancient portable harp, placed 
generally in Turkish ladies' apartments ) ^^ta+fa' Tft- 



7l?lJ&f%« Ck^s^l ^SALTERIO TEDESCA, an 
Italian name for the hackbret or symbal, 
an^. instrument of percussion ) sf^ ^^ ^'(Tl 

— C^C^C^I ( TEDESCO, an Italian musical instru- 
ment of the'dulcimerkind ) (^^^ ^t^^^TT ^^- 

^t^ir 5lt^ ^yrt%?f ( Santir ) | (See yjlf^^ ) 
7^p^f|f«l ( PSALTERIN, a dulcimerkind instrument of 

the Hebrews ) f^^if^^H? ^f^Rt?^t#tn ^:gf^C*t^ I 

?tfer^ ^t? ^M<r ^srtr:^ i «ft^^ " ,'^f«^f?RR ' 

( Psalterion ) ^^3 ^i:^ 't^? ^«>lf% I CM^ ^, 

^f'^f^Tf'i *ftf^%t^'r^ ( PASLTERIUM PERSIANUM, 
a Persian instrument with strings of the harp species, 
and of a triangular form ) *ft?P5n:W% ^t*t%t^ 

lf'^f?irf ( PSALTERIUM, an instrument of percussion 
of the trianglekind ) ^t^ct«ft^ ^^f^^ I 



l^f^'8 ( SALCIO, a species of wind instrument ) c^^ 

7^^;$ v53[ ( SIDE DRUM, a military instrument of per- 
cussion ) ,i|7p§t Tlt^rf^^ ^sj^^^f^C^^ I 
7^1^';^ ( SACKBUT, a wind instrument of the trumpet 

kind ) ^C^^t^lf ISfrS^nsf^*!'^ I 
TjjTjf ¥*f ( SAX HORN, a military wind instrument ) (f|- 

^iC f l tt^N ( SAXOPHONE, a military wind instrument ) 

1^^ / SANCHOO, a stringed instrument common in wes- 
tern Africa ) ^-^^ ^^^ | ^tf^PT ^flf^tlf ^^ 

'it'ltdl ( SANASEL, an Abyssinian sistrumkind 
instrument) (^7^ ^f^f5nftl^f% f'l^^^t^ 



1 



K'k ^l5C*t^ i 



^^t^ f^^ft?( ^\^ " C^i:*M " ( Seshc«h ) t (See 

C^C^W ) 

Villete«u. 

it^^ ( SANTUR, a Turkish Instrument corresponding to 
the cymbal) fjf^^^ ^j\^ Ul-^^t^ftS ^^F^Uf% 

^tfV?f ( SANTIR, a stringed instrument of the Persians \ 
tk^ ^f^^^ W'^%?f ** ^t^jrg^ " ( Hackbret ) 

Hommaire de Hell. 
>| t »|f>|»J ■^ 7\\^ fj^ ( SANSIN or SANSIM, a Japanese 
guiterkind stringed instrument \ <K^^ Wf^tf^T^W 

^t? (TTtf^^ ^^ I ( See p. 40 ) I ft5n:?% 

* TJt^ f^^ " ( Sanheen ) TjgjNQ ^f^^f^ (i|^^»t I 
( See 7ft^^%^ ) 

Meijian. 
T^t^f^^ ( SANHEEN, a Chinese stringed instrument ) 

CW%?( >lt^j5l^^ ^1 7it?[jT^^^ 'W.-^-^ ^t^'^ '^IW I 



^% *' ^^TW^^l " ( Balalaika] ) ^\^7^ ^Z^^ 

M. Hommairo de Hell. 
^^_l^ / CHAPEAUCHINOIS, a Turkish military 

instrument of metal ) cl|^^ ^?F^CW%r ^Tt^f?!^ ^- 

>f|^^^ ( SABEKA, a stringed instrument of the Chal- 
deans ) ^^t^jtTit^^ lii^^ ^^^f^n? I <lt^^- 

^ Z^ ^1R^ ( SAITEN HARMONICA, a clavier 
instrument ) c£l^^ Ftf^^^ ^Sf^^t^ I 'i^h^h' <f2- 

Tjt?I^ ( SARANGI, an ancient stringed instrument of 

the Hindoos ) f^%?t?r ^^ ^^^[^1?^^ I 
( See p. 54 ) 



< I 1 1 ■ > y — I J«^<Bi>aa 



Tfff|[»ff^ ( SARINDA, a stringed instrument of the hin- 
doos ) f^f^^^t? <il^tt ^N©^ I ( See p. 6i ) 

^Zn\ ( SERPENT, ) <i1 

Tit7:<>t1c^tC^1 ( SERPKNTONO, a military wind instru- 
ment ) lii^^ Tit^lfif^ 'Of^^f^^ I ^^ ^ 
;?<Pt v« ^^j (ii;^?^ ^ C?f<(r^ ^^^^1 TfK?(l( 

T^l^rf^f^Tf ( SALPINX, an ancient [* Grecian comet ^ 

^-^^ <2rtft^ <i\f[Q i[ft^f^ri^ I 

>ff^T^i52{^ ( SALUMPRET, a wind instrument common 
in Malay, &c. ^ IffTt^W^ <2tf f>5^ ^Sfsf^TS ^'^ 

^t^5 ( CHALUMEAU, a species of ancient rustic flutet 
f>(^f|f ( SEWURI, a stringed instrument N {£(^^ >5^- 

(>ty t ^^ '?Rt^ ( SINGER'S REBAB, a stringed instrument 
of the Hindoos, mounted with two strings \ ^^fo, 

M. Fetis. 
fi[j^\^ ( CITOLE, the dulcimer ) v5?rJ>ITfW^^ I (S«« 

p. 47 ) I 




f^^tf^ ^1 f^^t'n^ ( SCINDAPSE or SCINDAPSUS^ 
an ancient stringed instrument with four steel-strings ) 

f>lv5t«f(CITTEIlN;.the guiter ) f^v^t?^ I 

fjT^flf ( CITHARI, a stringed instrument of the Hebrews \ 

f^^tf^#f^ ( CYTHERISTIENNE, a particular species of 
flute of the ancient Greeks) ^ff^^ c^^I^Pf ^ ^il^^*^^ 

f^f^-C^'lt^T ( SINE-KEMAN, a violinkind stringed instru- 
ment of the Turks ) ^ip^i[:Tr?r (H?^ ^t^^^tvftTT 

f%*S^1 ( CYNURA, a species of lyre, according to Mu- 
fionius ) ^^7TtfiT?fC^?r ^In5 t^1 c£l^<£t^t^ ^t^Tt^^;^ I 
f^l^l^^ ( CINELLEN, the cymbals ) frf^c^i^ | 
l^f^yf ( CINNOS, a stringed instrument of the Hebrews ) 

^^_:^ / SIFFLET, a small wind instrument ) (ij^^ 



_ I . ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ^ ^_ — . , — . . -»-^-g-g-; — a-a» 

( Whistle ) ^r^^ J 
f^l^ppPI^ f^ *tt^ ( SIFFLET DE PAN, pandean 

pipes ) ♦ftfvQUt^l ♦ft^'Sfl^^ I 
firf^ ( SIBI, an ancient Egyptian wind iastrument \ «n^(^ 

^? Wt*tf^f^ ^'l^J? ^^^ *ttf?[^ 1 ( See p. 74) 

fif^^*( ( SIMICON, a stringed instrument of thirty-flv, 

strings, of the ancient Greeks ) <£|tlt»[ <^t¥f*rC^5 

|5j^5ff%f^q ( SEMENTERION, an ancient instrument ' 
of percussion ) ^-^ ^ffj^j *«rt5{1|tr^f^*l^ | (i|if 

f'lC^tf^^ ( SIMPHONlON, a musical instrument in- 
vented by F. F, Kaufmann ) (fi^p^ (^^ 4^>(l i:H?r 

fWI ^1 f^^r^3rN( CYMBAL or CYMBALUM, an in- 
strument of percussion of the ancient Greeks and 




Hebrew. ) ,2fffj^ ^<p <i|^^ f^^ftCW? <il^T?t ^^%- 
T^*^^ I C^, <^^^, ?tf5(f»f ( J- F- Danneley ) 

f f^^ ^'CTt? ( CEMBAL D' AMOUR, a clavier instrn- 
raent like harpsiefiord or organ ) yf^f'^*^ ^ ^'frf- 

f»l'^»T?f^ ^^^ (71^^ %?rt^ ( CYMBALUM OF T9. JE- 
ROME, a musical instrument % <s\^^ l\WP^^Z*\'^ ll 

fipwwTf ( CYMBALS, military instruments of per- 

cussion, made of metal ) J^fff^^f^W Tt'^f?!^ ^1<S- 

f^^^r <fl^ ^i)f^ at^RTs ^'iWi'nT ^^t^ 

fW'll '^f^^^ ( CEMBALO OMNICHORDO, a strin- 
ged instrument ) i£^T^ '5^Tn5[f?[t*t^ I ^^^ " «£t- 
^7\ " ( Proteus ) TiafvQ ^^ I C^lM«»lXw^i^ 
^tf^ir^ f^«f1^ ( Francesco Migetti ) ^ ^b^. 

(Il^ffl1i[i^ ( ANGELICA, a species of harpsichord ) 

fi^^ Tt^t*t^5r ( CYLHARMONICON; a woodea harmo. 
nica ) q^rt^f^vS ■^''pT'pt^ I ^V>o -^t^ 



Th:^^tr>I5T ( Sangerhasen ) (;y^ ^^flt^J^l'^l 
^ ( Uthe ) ^^ ^1 f^^ , 

f^'C^fT ( SEA-SHELL, a wind instrument of 'th« an- 
cient Mexicans ) ^ft^ ^^j^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^_^_ 

fT[^^ < SISTRE, a musical instrument of the ancients 
and moderns ) ^\f\;^ ci]:^;^ ^^^fWC^^ cfl^-STTt? 

Ttwpiig 1 '£rtftT:^?i (ii^lt «(t^^ ^tlc^ f^^ 

— fe^f^iSf^ (— DES NEGRES, a musical instru- 
ment^formed of a piece of iron, furnished with small 
bells ) ^5 ^^5 ^%It^[fW^ <S^ C^W^f^W 

f^3^ ( SISTRUM,]j an ancient musical instrument used 
by the priests of Isis and Osiris \ ci)^^ <2}tft»{ 

^^ ^n^^ ^f^^^il I ( See f>i^ ) 

^ SISTRA, an ancient musical instrument ) 

^a^ €\\f[^ ^t^n^f^'1^ J ( See fjf^Sf^ ) 




\ 



*tf?f*f^ I 



^b-d 



^vQ^^ <r| ^U(^ ( SUA BILE or SUAVE, the English 

flute )^» ^t#t ^>^f^m^ I 
^^( SHOEZOEU, a Japanese instrument of percussion 

f^C^m I ^NW%? " T^^^ " ( Grelcts ) (ii^o^ 
Sf^f^^l*f?r '* C*ft^5r " ( Schellen ) ^^^^^ y^j-^ 

(?f% ^%^ (Copts) ;^-f5{^ ^1^ ^^^^f^^^ rj^^^ 
*' TTSft^TT " ( Maraoueh ) ^^ ^^ , ( see 

Mr. Cunningham on Ladak. 

^^ ^^lU ( SURA BAHAR, a modern wellknown strin- 
ged instrument \ common in India ) ^t^^'^^'^f^fi^ 
'S(^% ^fm 'Slt^fsi^ ^^^^f?^»t^ I ( see p. 34 ) 

'^^'T^l Tl ^?[1«1 ( SURAMANDALA or SWARA- 
M AND ALA, the Indian dulcimer ) cfl^iff^'f^ '«t^'3F- 

^^iP^ft? ^ "Sra^t? ( SURASHRINGARA or SWA- 



/ 



\ 



RASHRINGARA, a stringed instrumtnt of the Hrn. 
doos ) f^s^5f?r iSi^% ^^^%*t^ I ( Sec p. 31 ) 

^^ ^v^ ( SURASEETA, a stringed instruineat of the Hin- 
doos ) f^f^c^til ^^^if^H^ I 

wfff^^ ( SULAMI, a wind instrament of the Arab*) 

^f^vg ( SULI NG, a wind instrument of the Malay tribes \ 

Pi'Sf, ^^s. «ral^ ^ciHJ 1^ 'ftf^ fir ^ I 

^jj^l^ f SETAR, a modern and well-known oriental 
stringed instrument common in India, &c. \ i ^^j^^^^ 

Wt«l TfU^ I ( see p. Ji ) 
/^TrfvxsT ( SEMICON, an instrument of the ancient Greeks, 
mounted with thirty-five strings ) ,20^ <^^^<t? 

rnrfrm^ ( SEMENGM, a species of Arabian string«d 
instrument ) (il-^^-^tll ^?^CW^ >5^'r5f^r1^ I 

^^ CWf«rC^ HjS ^^^ ^ftT[, flF^ ^^ ^nfi^ 



J 



f- - 



- -- - - '■ *■ 

(Ttf^fsi^ ( SERENETTE, a barrel organ for die edu- 
cation Cf Canary birds ) ^tT?^^ 'Sf^^l^ I ^t^ltft 

C^f%^ ( CHELYS, the Greek name of the lute \ gy^^ 

M'^ '^\^ I 
(pj^wptf / SESHESH, an Egyptian sistrumkind instru- 
ment ) (n^^ f5l^?tT% f^^lWt^ 1^ I (See 

C^^^^TrtC«^Tt Tl lrf%%V^ ( SESQUIALTERA or 
TIERCEQUINTE, a wind instrument composed of 
two flutes ) ^'^ ^^H^ <Si<^ '^f^Jm^- 

(7Tt*Tt^t^ ( SOLAMANIE, a Turkish wind instrument 
made of r«ed or wood ) ^^ ;^i ^t^f^f^^ ^5?F^ 

Crfja ( SOUM, a harpkind instrument of the Burmese ) 



! >.H>- -^TS^^I^ I 



^f^f^^ ( SCALISCHIM, a species of bag-pipe ^ .cg:^ 

^t^^ti:'^^^ ( SPASSAPENSIERE, the Jews-harp) 

^^^^H'VjS I ( See ^^^-^tO 
r^i;^K( SPINET )^1 

f^II»TC^1 ( SHINETTO, an ancient species of clavier 

or keyed instrument, now out of use ) c^^^Sj^f^ (Sff- 

ft^^C^? ^f?r^ ^1 Ftf^^^ ^^f^C^^ I ( See ps. 
3 to 4 and 4th. note p. 47 ) | (il^t«| ^^U «2fFcT^ 

f Couched harp \ | 
^TfTq* ( SWARADAM, a wind instrument of the Malay 

tribes ) ^rt^t^wtf^w? <^^^ '^f^^^f^C'n^ I ^ 

3^^^e(-( ( SWARABINA, an ancitnt stringed instrument 

of the Hindoos ) f^s^f^X!^? ^^ <^ft^ >©^*l<a 
f^C*t^ I ( See p. 52 and ^^t\ ) 

^^ ^ir(^ ( HAUPTWERK, the large organ ) ^^<rt^ 

^t\\^ ( HORANAWA, a wind instrument of the Sing- 
halese ) f%9,^^cwir <ii^tt -^fwr^f^r^ I ^t^t^ 

^t^ H^ST ^V'S ?ft^^ <1Wt^<f5Tf^^ I 



•r-i— . 1 1 " ■ "" — - 



*^^f^ ( HURDY GUDRY, a well known stringed instru- 
ment/ and the same with the gamhuca or barbiton of 
the ancient Greeks) <eft#t^ *ft^f^C^?I ^f[\^\ ^ 

^^^ ( Rosin ) ^j ^11 ^t^ ^^f^ ^f^ ^sflRrt 
■K^ ( HORN, a wellknown wind instrument ) (£|^9t 

?«t^: '^snng ^^ i ( see p. 83 ) i ^ n^^^ 

(Hauthboy) ^^ ^^t^ ^^ngir, f%^ ^tH ^ 'fiT^ 
^^1 <il^ ^ Cff^lW ^3pt^tlf ^^?.^^^ W,*M 

^•(-*tt^*t (HORN-PIPE, a musical wind instrument com- 
mon in Wales ) <3Clf«T;'f<2t5»f*f<f^^ ^^^ ^- 

^t?T? f^f^ ^C3F <fl^ <il^ ^1%^j ^f%*t?( 

^if ^fiic^ «tti:^, ^«t?^ ^^ "j^ ^ ?t^rc^?r 

■'■'■ * I .11- ...■t. , ^ - i«ii _ ■> 



*{»• ^stl^l^ I 



J. F. Caiineley. 
^f ( HAWRPA, the name of harp of the Iceland 

«Ff f ^ ifl ( HAULKTA, an instrament of percusiJon of 

the Hindoos.^ f^fk'm ^^ Tt^tW^Taff^^^ 1 
M j - » ^j?^ ^ g / HYDRAULICOIC,! a musical instrament 

of the ancwnt ^Egyptians ) ^ftft^T ^TTsff^fC^ <«^ 

W^«3< ^f?lTl ^Nrt^ ^:^ I ( See p. ro8 ) 
tfll^tfsnPI ( Athenoeus ) Tf^^ c^, fW^^T:^ ^- 
?fllf^t%fn?I ( J'tolemy Euergetes ) ^rtSf^^tll'T 
^ti:5T^eft%irtf^Tt^ f^f^f^TR ( Ctesibius ) i^^ 

l^l^S^ / HAZUR, a triangle-form«d stringed instrument 
tef the Hebrews, mounted with ten stringed \ fks- 

%yfK «f*t^^f¥^'^ %^t*rt^ ^35^^f^^ t 

(HATAMO), (See,pt^^) 
^jt^ C?Ff^irtir ( HAMMER-CLAyiERy the piano forte ) 




nf^f-r^ 1 ».&i 



^t*f^ ( HARP, a wellfcnown musicaL instrumtnt strung of 1 
s«ven to twenty-four strings y (<J^5% ^'rt%<2tt%^ "^tTI- 
r^\ ( See p. fS- ) I ^■^i^ 3^ -^^ 5f^^ 

^t'f-^^'T ( HARl>iBELL, a specifts of stringed icstru- 
ment ) <i|<jf«t^t?T ^^^f^C'^? I C^'^pC ( Cham- 

'^t*ff'T^^ ( HARPSICHORD, a stringed instrument 
mounted' with the strings of wire \ dj'^r^ <{t^^ > 6 lt < 
^!^ ^^^r^t^t^ I ( See p; 48 ) ^t^*t^^1 

( Middle century ) ^f^ 'srf^^^^ '^^^: f^T I 
^t<( HARPA), (See^<) 
^tf% ( HARPE ) , ( Ste ^< ) 
^tfH ^^.-^ ^5^ ^^ ( HARPE DOUBLE, or DO- 



•-aw- 



UBLE HAhP, a stringed instrument eoroposecj oftwc 
harps]) ^^ ?5t^1:^tfif^ ^«^f%l?n^ I 
l^ffpf ^^ ( HARPE FLUTE, a clavier wind ingtruqacnt ) 

*!*»•'' ( HARPU, a harpkind stringed instrument of the 

Fins ) f^«f^«t ^*f%t^ ^«^r^f^? I 
T^^ ( HARFE, the German name pf harp ) ^t*f *1C<S(?1 

^f^ ^ ( HARFEN FLCETE ) I ( See ^ff^y^ ) 
^''fe^^ ( HARMONICHORD, a piano-forteliko mu- 
sical instrument ) f9\^\^^\ (rf1if$\ ^H ^fl^tt 'TtWI" 

^ Kaufmann ) <f^^ ^^ f'^f'^ I 
^tf^f't'Fl ( HARMONICA, musieal glasses, so named 
from the purity of their sounds ^ ^5f^f»^;5 ^t^ i ^ i^ I 

( See p.* jo8 ) I ^<j^5,:^^^^tt^ a9tf^ »M^^ 

^-■^5}^ ^ttl ( Glass-bars ) ^^^^ (p^^ >«%n5 
^^j^ Tl '^iS ^Tf9t?^1 ^t^t^ ^f%C^ '^f'f^ 

c. Stafford ) Tjtc^ ?Tt^3^ (^rr, gw^»re*m <«^f%«r 



■!«■■«■ I 






*>»« 



^t'(1Pt^t«T ^U^ ( HARMONICAL CANON, a strin- 
ged instrumsnt of the ancient Greeks mounted with 
one string ) ^fi^ <^5pf?C5f?f (H^vg^Pt^ 'S^- 

¥flif*tf^«Tl ( HARMONICELLO, an Instrument corres. 
ponding in appearance to the violincello, mounted 
with five gut-strings, under which art placed upon a 
separet finger-board, ten others of wire \ 'S^^TTlt^f^- 



■^'•lnMr"*»-~^pi»w™i^iP"^»«p«"'^^ 



^'C'ltf'l^t^ ( HARMONOMETRE^ an instrument for 
meausuring harmonic proportion \ ^7^9(^^f%3ff^^- 

f^||"jf*if ( HARPE,' the"Ahglo-Saxson name of b*rp ) l^*f'^ 

^ ^, »f ^1 Tl ITS ^1 ( HURRUK, HURRUKA or 
H URRUKKA, a rtistic instrnment of percussion of the 
Hindoos ) f^%^^ i£^-^^ ^3(7 •ttH'**l«f^t*f^ I 

^\f#t I ( See ^ff^ ) 
wj;^.«>hprj ( HUAYRA PUHURA, a wind instrument 
of the ancient Peruvians of America \ ^rt^t%^t?f 

^I^Cn^e^ ( IIUEHUETL, a drumkind instrument of 
th- Mexicans ) CSf%^t??l ^«ft^ t^lfll^f^ I 
i ^^t?I C<tt^ W^VS *tf?rf«l'5 01^^^ W^1 



1 



!■■ ■> ■ -» 1 * * I > > .. B r a. ■ ii « « H I 1H »| I 1 » »i 



•rf?r«^i 



>ii(t \ 



**^ ) ^ ^^ ( Acute ) ^c^{tfTtca<< If ^ g<r^ H 
*tt?rl ^t^ 1 ^^ 5ytf%tiR[l 'nr;.f%?r 'srKti;^ ^^? 

^5^;^ / HAGUB, a species of wi«d instrument of the 
Hebrews ) fl^ftW^r <flT«W?r ISf^^R^f^K^ I 

•^Cf -I 
C^«^rf^ (HEPTACHORD, a strlng»d Instrument moun. 

ted with seven strings ) (H^jjf ^IffF^f^ffH^ ^ ^ 

Mf^c'^ I tflni*r ?sf^ ^ti:^ CT, 'rt^tfir cw^i 

(^^vQWf /AEMIOIPE, a small iife or flute with three 

'T^ I 
(•y p j<^>4 ( HELICON, a stringed instrument of the Greeks ) 

( J. F. Dannel^y ;) TPtl^ ifC^R C^, ^^ <a'^«t^t? 
" 'Hl^t^^ ** ( Monochord ). ^ | 
(^^^ ( HAUTHBOY or HAUTHBOIS, an European 

wind . instrument ) dj^ ^^^^ ^f??^raff^- 



' 



\ 



III. ■ 11 



/. 



'"•v/ft 



<'M 



J '11.- 

jt II ' ..I ' . . ■« - — i _ ■ ■ I ■ 

( Kowshanchowki ) ^\^^ fifk^(^9 ^^^^ f£i% 
^^l ( See p. 8i ) I ^ ^.^^^ "•^<'> ( Horn ( 

* ^^ " ( Obo« ) I 

C^N?r ^'CftlJ (HAUTHBOY D'AMOUR.a small hauth- 
bois ),^-^ ^jj ^«'^(^^ I "^^ '^ «if^ (TFt^T I 

C^t^'f^^ ( HOVENEVE, a species of wind instrument <^ 
the Singhalese ) f>(»^^^Tfir ;il^«r!ftir '®%^- 

'^fjff ^^ ( KSUDRA GHUNTA, a small bell of the Hin- 

^^ ) f^^ff^t? C^ ^^^ I ( See ^^ ) 
«5 ^^ ( KSUDRA GHUNTICA ) | ( See ^. 

m ^1 ^^ ) 






'^^^^^/av 






• 1. 



'■ > * 



■^ 



■m 



V 




THIS BOOK IS PUB O K THE UkBT DATE 
STAMPED BELOW 



AN INITIAL FINE OF 25 CENTS 
WILL BK AmmwmmED won failure to return 

THIS BOOK ON THE DATE DUE. THE PENALTY 
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ABq. 



NOV 26 1982 



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MAR 25 1942E 



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APR 2 6 ; 



JUN 2 1947 



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MAY 17 '65 -7PM 





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