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y Cpiîìmrodon 











Devizes : 
Printüi) by George Simpson & Co., Devizes, Ltd. 




The Gold Chalice of Welshpool. By E. Alfred Jones, 
M.A., F.S.A., Freeman and Liveryman of the Worshipful 
Company of Goldsmiths . . . . . . . . 1 

Two Histoiic Welsh Cups. By E. Alfred Jones, M.A., 
F.S.A., Freeman and Liveryman of the Worshipful 
Company of Goldsmiths . . . . . . . . 7 

The Society or Garrison of Fort WiUiamsburg. The Ohl 
Glynllivon Yolunteers, c. 1761-73. By E. Alfred Jones, 
M.A., F.S.A. . . . . . . . . . . 80 

Breiz Ha Kemri. By the Rev. G. Hartwbll Jones, D.D., 

D.Litt., F.S.A., Treasurer and Chairman of the Council 104 

Goronwy Owen: Rector of St. Andrew's, Brunswick, County 

Yirginia, 1760-69. By B. B. Thomas, M.A. . . . . 113 


Since the issue of Volume XLIII of " Y Cymm- 
rodor ' ' the Society has suffered a most grievous loss 
in the death of its devoted and distinguished Hono- 
rary Secretary and Editor. Sir Yincent Evans, by 
his long continued loyalt}^ and unremitting labours for 
the Society, had earned for himself the affection and 
gratitude of every member of the Council and the 
admiration and high esteem of all members of the 
Society. Tributes to his work and memory will be 
paid in the volume of ' ' The Transactions " to be 
issued in the coming Autumn. " The Transactions " 
are peculiarly a monument of his own architecture and 
most fìtting to bear his epitaph. His protracted ill- 
health and his reluctance to give up the work which 
had meant so much to him, account for some delay 
in the preparation and issue of this present Volume. 
Faithful contributors of the past have come to the 
help of the Editor and our members will welcome the 
completion of the story of Goronwy Owen by Mr. B. 
B. Thomas, M.A., Warden of Coleg Harlech, the 
interesting articles (with illustrations) by Mr. E. 
Alfred Jones, M.A., F.S.A., who has written for this 
magazine on several occasions since his contribution 
on " The Silver Plate of Jesus College, Oxford," in 
Volume XVII (1904), and the versatile genius of our 
Chairman of the Council, the Rev. G. Hartwell 
Jones, M.A., D.D., D.Litt., F.S.A., evidenced by his 
Address entitled " Brittany and Wales," delivered in 
Breton, French, English and Welsh at the Celtic 
Congress of 1933. 

The Council trust that other contributors will come 
forward with offerings of the fruits of their labour. 

On behalf of the Council, 


Hon. Secretary and Editor. 

To face />. /. 

Welshpool Gold Chalice, 1662. 

1 Cnntntrnhor 

VoL. XLIV. " Cared doeth yb encilion." 1935 

t^t <&otò eÇaftcê of Tí?ef6Çpoof. 


Freeman and Livery>nan of the Worshipful Company of Goldämiths. 

The accompanying illustration is of a most precious 
gold chalice in the Parish Church of Welshpool which I 
have been privileged to examine and to illustrate for the 
íìrst time in its history (No. 1). 

It is beautifully inscribed on one side as follows : 
Thomas Dauies Anglorum in Africae plaga 
occidentaH Procurator generahs 
ob vitam multifariâ Dei misericordiâ ibidem conscruatam^ 
Cahcem hunc é purissimo auro Guiniano conílatum 
Dei honori et Ecclesiae de Welchpoole ministerio 
perpetuo sacrum voluit 
a quo vsu S=S si quis facinerosus eundem Calicem 
in posterum alienaret (quod auertat Deus) Dei vindicis 
Supremo tribunali paenas luat 
Cal-Apr. IX. M.D.C.L.X.II 
Engraved on the other side are the arms of the donor, 
enclosed within feather decoration characteristic of Eng- 
lish heraldry of the time of Charles II : 
. . . a lion passant . . . between three íleurs-de-lis . . . 
According to the Coüections of the Powysland Club 
(Vol. V, pp. xxxiii-iv), these arms were borne by several 

^ conseruatam. 

2 The Gold Chalice oj Welshpool 

leading families in the County of Montgomery, including 
Pugh, of Mathafarn ; Pryce of Gunley ; and others. The 
arms, Argent a Hon passant sable between three fieurs-de- 
Hs, were borne by " Einion ap Sitsyllt, an ancient Lord 
of Merioneth ". But in the absence of tinctures the actual 
bearer of arms cannot be identiíìed in every case. 

As will be observed from the illustration, the chalice is 
plain, except for the application of the fiat " cut-card " 
work on the underside of the body, a variety of decoration 
probably derived from French goldsmiths and popular in 
England throughout the reign of Charles II and for some 
years afterwards. The general form of the vessel with its 
hexafoiI foot of modifìed pre-Reformation form is similar 
to that of two gold chalices in the Chapel Royal, St. 
James's Palace, engraved with the Royal Arms of William 
and Mary, but probably wrought by a Court goldsmith of 
the time of Charles II, which are illustrated on Plates 
iv and v in the present writer's book on old English gold 

The Welshpool chalice bears no London date-letter, 
while the maker's mark is illegible. But there can be no 
doubt that it was made in London from the purest gold 
of Guinea,^ as recorded in the most interesting inscrip- 
tion praying that if any wicked man should alienate the 
chalice from its sacred use he might pay the penalty of 
God the avenger at the Last Judgment — a curse which 
recalls the inscription, " Oui alienarit anathema sit," on 
the famous Anathema cup of the year 1481-2, presented 
to Pembroke CoIIege, Cambridge, by Thomas Langton, 
Bishop successively of St. David's, Salisbury, and Win- 

^ The gold used for some Scottish coins of Charles I was suppUod by 
the Royal African or Guinea Company from bulhon obtained on the 
coast of New Guinea. Similarly, it was used for the " Guinea " coins 
in England, introduced early in the reign of Charles II. The Company 
had a house in Leadenhall Street, called Africa House, and was granted 
arms, with a Latin motto, which Pepys thought " too tedious ". 

The Gold CJialice of Welshpool 3 

chester, and the similar inscription on the rare Uttle silver 
chaHce of 1614-15, given to the Church of Llangeinwen 
in Anglesey in 1615, by the Rector, The Rev. Robert 
White, D.D., which is iHustrated in the present writer's 
book, The Chiirch Plaíe of the Diocese of Bangor, 1906, 
Plate xxxi. 

Although all the great cathedrals and monasteries were 
exceedingly rich in vessels of gold before the Reformation, 
there are now probably only four English gold chalices in 
existence (exclusive of the Welshpool chalice) anterior in 
date to the year 1800. Sacramental vessels of gold were 
also sacrificed during the Civil War. The gold chalices 
now preserved are the one dated 1507-8, given with a 
gold paten and a silver crosier to Corpus Christi College, 
Oxford, by its founder, Richard Foxe, Bishop of Win- 
chester ; and the massive plain vessel at Clare College, 
Cambridge, bought with a legacy of £260 in 1617 from 
Dr. William Butler, physician and alumnus of the College, 
that " a very substantial and fair Communion Cup, of 
the most purest and fine gold that can be found ". The 
other two chalices are those of the Chapel Royal, already 

A search has been made in the Public Record Oífice for 
any documents concerning the oíficial career of Thomas 
Davies in West Africa but without success, nor can his 
name be traced in connection with the Company of Royal 
Adventurers of England trading to Africa, which was 
granted a charter by Charles II in 1662. But his long 
and interesting will has been found at Somerset House 
(44 Hene), signed and sealed August 18th, 1664. He 
describes himself as of the Island of Barbadoes and 
without issue and desires his executors to erect a cenotaph 
in the Parish Church of Welshpool " as near as possible 
to where my mother Mrs. Margarett Davies is buried, 
with an inscription thereon giving an account of my life 

B 2 

4 Tìie Gold Chalice of Welshpool 

and travels". Unfortunately, this cenotaph was either 
not erected or taken dovm in the restoration of the church 
in 1771. 

The many benefìciaries inchide his brother, Edward 
Davies, resident in Surranam [? Surinam], and the said 
Edward's three children, Richard, Edward and Ehzabeth ; 
his nieces, Damaris Sandford and Mary Raymont ; his 
nephew, John Ra^^mont ; his sister, Mrs. Margarett Cuny 
and her son, David Lloyd ; his brother, Esay Davies, and 
his (Esay's) two sons, Thomas and Jolm ; and his sister, 
Mrs. Sarah Davies. 

To his three sons-in-law, WiUiam, John, and James 
Pead, he left ;^100 each, provided they did not molest his 
executors " or cause them to be arrested for anything 
relating to tlie last wih of their late father Willm Pead 
Esq. decd otherwise this bequest to be void ". This legacy 
was revoked by a codicil of May 13th, 1665. 

Other bequests were for smah sums for mourning for 
his friends, Captain Richard Noke, Peter Watson, Mathias 
Goodfehow and his wife, and Richard Davies, of the 
Temple,^ gent., and his wiíe. 

To his nephew, Francis PoweU, he left ah his books, 
jewels, plate, and wearing apparel. This legacy was 
revoked by the above codicil in favour of his wife, Mary 
Davies, who was also left the residue of his estate. His 
son-in-law, Thomas Pead, was left £100 in this codicil, 
and his cousin, Thomas Davies, of BiUingsgate, was left a 
mourning ring, as was the said Thomas's wife, Ratherine. 

In a later codicil, dated July 12th, 1666, Thomas Davies 
adds that " since it has pleased God to caU me upon a 
pubhc employment where I may end my days " and 

^ The only maii of this name in the records of the Inner or Middle 
Temple was Richard, son of John Davies, of London, deceased, Bencher 
of the Inner Temiíle, who was admitted to that Inn on M&y 20th 
1647, and was called to the Bar in 1654. 

The Gold Chalice of Welshpool 5 

desires that moiirning rings of the value of 20 shilHngs be 
distributed to Colonel Timothy Thornhill and lady ; Lt.- 
Col. Chamberlain and lady ; Lt.-Col. Hooper ; Mr. John 
Pitt ; Arthur Taylor ; Thomas Pead, junr and lady ; Mr. 
James Wallwyn, junr and lady ; Lt.-Col. Buckworth and 
lady ; Lt.-Col. Stanfast and lady ; Mr. Pergiter and lady ; 
Mr. John Bernard ; Col. Warwick and lady ; Mr. John 
Allen ; Mr. Charles Balam ; and his cousin, Samuel Davies. 

The latter may be the Rev. Samuel Davies, D.C.L., 
described in Foster's Alumni Oxonienses as of Salop, 
admitted to Jesus College, Oxford, 1661 ; cursal canon of 
St. Asaph, 1667 ; Vicar of Welshpool, 1668, and of Guils- 
fìeld, 1671. He gave plate to the College, since converted 
into some salts. 

The executors were his brother [? brother-in-law], Major 
Hugh Powell, and his nephew, Francis Powell, the second 
of whom had died before the proving of the will on 
April 2nd, 1668. 

The name of Thomas Davies does not appear in the 
Calendars of State Papers, Colonial, as the holder of an 
offìcial appointment in Barbadoes. One Thomas Davis 
is mentioned in the Calendar for Jamaica and the West 
Indies, 1669-74, as the owner of 440 acres in St. Kath- 
erine's Parish, Jamaica. 

Thomas Davies's brother, David, is said to have emi- 
grated to America and was a " chirurgeon " there in 1683. 
His father, Richard Davies, was buried in the Parish 
Church of Lathbury, near Newport Pagnell, Buckingham- 
shire, and is commemorated by a mural monument, with 
the foHowing dehghtful inscription : 



6 The Gold Chalice of Welshpool 






Adorning the moniiment are the arms of Davies as on 
the chaHce. 

The Rev. Isaiah Davies was Rector of Lathbury for 
35 years, from 1656 until 1691, and was buried there on 
April 6th, 1691 1 No alumnus of this name and approxi- 
mate date can be found in Foster's Alnmni Oxonienses or 
Venn's Alumni Cantabrigienses. 

The cenotaph, mentioned in the above inscription, is 
not now in Welshpool Parish Church, as already stated. 

The old home of Thomas Davies, Rynant (Ceunant), is 
a half-timbered house of the seventeenth century on the 
estate of the Earl of Powis, about one mile out of Welsh- 
pool on the Guilsíìeld road. Two views of the house are 
iHustrated here (Nos. 2 and 3). 

The chahce, which is 9| inches high, 4| inches in 
diameter at the mouth, and 5f inches wide at the foot, is 
described in the Collections of the Powysland Museum, 
Vol. XV, pp. 308-9. 

For permission to examine the chahce I must thank the 
Vicar of Welshpool (Archdeacon Griíhth), and, for kindly 
help, Mr. A. Stanley Davies. 

^ Ex inform. Rev. H, H. Bartriun, Reotnr of Lathbury. 
















Freeman and Lẁeryman of ihe Worshipful Company of Goìdsmiths. 

The two drinkmg cups here described and illustrated for 
the first time (No. 4) have intimate and interesting associa- 
tions with convivial gatherings and family history in South 

The first cup, in the fomi of a miniature cannon of wood 
mounted in silver and inscribed with a quotation from 
Yirgil, " MAJORA CANAMUS " (Let us sing a greater 
theme), is in the possession of Lord Mostyn, to whom it 
has descended from the first owner in 1757 — William 
Yaughan, of Plas Hen, Llanystumdwy, an old residence 
originally called Talhenbont, a name to which it has since 
reverted. William Yaughan was the son of Richard 
Yaughan, of Corsygedol, Merioneth, and was admitted on 
December 22nd, 1726, as a fellow commoner at St. John's 
College, Cambridge — the College of his brother-in-law, 
Grifíìth Nanney, and of several distinguished Welshmen, 
including Bishops Dolben, Morgan and Richard Yaughan, 
Dean Goodman, Archdeacon Edmund Prys, and Arch- 
bishop John Williams. He was Custos Rotulorum, 1731, 
representative of that county in Parliament from 1734 to 
1768, and was Lord-Lieutenant from 1762 until his death, 
April 12th, 1775. In 1732 he married Catherine, daughter 
and heir of Colonel Hugh Nanney, M.P. for Merioneth 
in 1695. The cup is not mentioned in the will of William 

8 Two Historic Welsh Ctips 

Yaiighan, dated March 24th, 1773, whereby he left £40 a 
year to the Free Grammar School, Deneio (PwDheh), 
originahy founded in 1695 by the Rev. Hugh Jones,^ 
Rector of Llanystumdwy. Having left no male heir, the 
cup would seem to have passed to his niece, Margaret 
Wynn, daughter of his sister, Catherine, by her marriage 
to the Rev. Hugh Wynn, LL.D., born at Bettws Garmon, 
admitted pensioner 1712/3 at St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, from Eton ; LL.B., 1719 ; LL.D., 1728 ; Rector 
of Dolgelley, 1723 ; Rector of Llanbedr-Dyffryn-Clwyd, 
1730 ; Vicar of Llanrhaiadr, 1734 ; and Prebendary of 
Sahsbury and of St. Paul's (Yenn's Ahimni Cantah.). 
Margaret Wynn was sole heiress of the well-known estates 
of Bodysgallen, Corsygedol, Bodidris, and Plas Mawr, and 
married Sir Roger Mostyn, íìfth Baronet, of Most^ni and 

William Yaughan was Lieut.-Governor of the Garrison 
of Fort Williamsburg, mentioned in the present wTÌter's 
article on a later page, and was " Chief President of the 
Society of Cymmrodorion ". (Vide a copy of a letter and a 
cj^ydd addressed to him by the Rev. Evan Evans (leuan 
Brydydd Hir) in MS. 2008B. in the National Library of 
Wales.) The address of William Fychan (as he signs him- 
self) to the electors of Merioneth is printed from the 
Vaughan Correspondence in Breese's Ralendars of Gwy- 
nedd, pp. 118-19. A cywydd was composed by the 
Rev. William Wynn (1704-60) : "I Castell Harlech, 
llong Wm. Fychan o Gorsygedol " and is in the Mostyn 
MSS., 165. 

William Vaughan died April 12th, 1775, aged 67. There 
is a mural tablet in the Corsygedol Chapel in Llanddwye 

^ See Charity CommLssion Report, November 24th, 1897. The Rev. 
Goronwy Owen, tho poet, was an assistant master at this school in liis 
vouth . 

Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 9 

The assembled company not improbably rejoiced in the 
song/ sung at the Celtiberian Society, the first and fifth 
verses of which are as follows : 

The Ancient Cehs we know of Old 

Were War-Hke stont and brave Sir, 
Their Names in Freedoms Page enrolled 

Ne'er Conquer'd to enslave Sir 
Who feh the Patriotic Glow 
Impel to Deeds of Glory, 
To Tyranny the Constant Foe, 

Recorded oft in Story. 
But now no more grim War alarms, 

Or Glory calls each Soldier ; 
Fair Peace appears in milder charms, 

And we with Joy behold her : 
Gay Bacchus too with rosy face, 

With Bottle and with Bowl Sir ; 
And all the Laughter loving race, 
To cheer and warm the Soul Sir. 
Unlike the manuscript with the Nanhoron cup, to be 
described later, no names of the gentle sex are recorded 
as present at the festive occasions. 

These convivial vessels, cherished survivals of other 
days and customs, recall the silver Bumper cup of the 
Garrison of " Fort Williamsburg ", the subject of another 
article on a later page. 

Accompanying the cup is the original manuscript with 
the signatures of the visitors to Plas Hen, and with the 
records of the number of times each had imbibed brandy 
or other liquor from it. The last date is September 22nd, 
1816. They include families of some local importance 
living in their quiet little mansions bearing historic names, 

1 The words are by I. Aiistin, but the name of the composer is not 
stated in the music catalogue of the British Mi^iseum, in the coUection 
of English Ballads, MDCCXC (G312). 

10 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

now for the most part mere farm-houses — famiHes of 
which some have since become extinct. 

An attempt has been made, with ill success in some 
cases, to identify all the names recorded in the manu- 
script, and these are added in the form of footnotes. No 
claim is made for complete genealogies. 

As will be observed from the title-page of the manu- 
script, the cannon cup was a gift to WilHam Vaughan by 
a neighbouring squire, one EHis Wynn, residing a few 
miles away at the old house of YstymHyn, near the ancient 
parish church of Ynyscynhaiarn. EHis Wynn matricu- 
lated at Jesus CoHege, Oxford, in 1693/4, aged 17, was 
admitted at Lincoln's Inn in 1694, and became a barrister- 
at-law in 1702. He was buried December 7th, 1759, and 
his wife, Margaret Moyn W'ynn, in 1799. Lewis Morris, 
in a letter to his brother, WiUiam, dated October 14th, 
1754, asks whether there is any truth in the report that 
Mr. Wynne, of YstymUyn, had supernatural gifts {Genile- 
man's Mag., lv, p. 559). 

From observations in the manuscript there is evidence 
of considerable conviviaHty at this social club at Plas Hen, 
for such it would seem to have been. One gathering 
was called the " Fort Day " and always succeeded the 
Hunt Day at Llanystumdwy. There was a Governor of 
" Brandy Fort ", as the house was regarded, in Captain 
Richard Gwynne, and a Major in Captain Richard Gar- 
nons. Likewise there was a Chaplain in the Rev. John 
Yaughan Garnons. Certain ritual was observed, for those 
who drank from the cannon once were cahed " Cannons " 
and on those who drank twelve times the more exalted 
title of Cardinal was bestowed. The names of local clergy 
are Vv'ell represented, as are the squires, naval and mili- 
tary men, attorneys, and yeomen among the visitors to 
Plas Hen for the convivial gatherings, which were doubt- 
less enlivened by a and a bard. Here and there 

Two Historic Welsh Cups ii 

are the signatures of interesting visitors from afar, who 
were regaled with brandy from the cup with appropriate 
ceremony, including Wilham Parry, the Welsh hmner, 
and Rice Jones, the bard, altogether a precious record of 
a defunct social custom. 

The fohowing are the titles of the manuscript : 
" Majora Canamus 
Fort Book." 

" A List of the Gentlemen who have Drank the Cup 


Majora Canamus 

faithfuly transcribed from the Original hst Sign'd by 

themselves with the number of times each have Drank it, 

& hencforth to be continued in this Book. 1765. 

This Cup was made mc a Present by Ehs Wynn of 
'Stymllyn Esqr 1757 

W^ Vaughan 

Plas hên 1764 

N.B. — The Fort day always succeeds the Hunt day 
kept at Llanystyndwn." 

Capt Richard Gwynne, Governor of Brandy Fort.^ 
Capt Richd Garrnons, fort Major.^ 

^ Captain Richard Gwyn, of Taliariç. co. Carmarthen, matriculated 
at Balliol College, Oxford, 1753, aged 20, and married in 1766 Catherine 
Garnons (born 1737), sister of Captain Richard Garnons and of Rev. 
John Vaughan Garnons (below). 

2 Captain Richard Garnons, of Pant Du, Llanllyfni, was the son of 
John Garnons (below), and was baptized at Trawsfynydd in January, 
1734/5; Ensign, 1760, in Col. Sir WiIIiam Draper's Regiment (79th 
Foot), and Lieut., 1761 ; Director and Lieut.-Colonel of the Ordnance 
in the GIj'nIIivon Volimteers (p. 101) ; buried at Llanbeblig, April 2nd, 
1803, where he and his wife Ann (died May 5th, 1803,) daughter and 
heir of WiIIiam Wynne, of Llanwnda, are commemorated in the church 
by a mural momunent. With two other Deputy-Lieutenants, J. Row- 

12 Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 

Dr J. Vaughon Garnons, Chaplain.^ Elected 1766. 
All the Gentlemen who drank the Cannon once are 

Those who drank it 12 times are Cardinals, as foHow : 

\Vm Vaughan. 

Griff Garnons Senr^ 

Jo Cox. [see p. \\\ 

J. Vaughan Garnons Cler^ 

Capn Richd Gwynne^ 
[The following are added in a later handwriting] : 

Revd Robt Anwil^ 

Reyd John Jones^ 

Reyti MrZ: Huges« 

Thomas Griffith 

lands and Richard Garnons, junr., he was present at two meetings in 
November, 1796, at the King's Head, Caernarvon, to consider two 
recent Acts of Parliament for augmenting the militia and for raising a 
provisional force of cavalrv [vkìe an old MS. book in the County Hall). 
His two sons, William Wynne, and Richard, matriculated at Jesus 
College, Oxford, in 1787 and 1791, respectively (see p. 33). 

^ Rev. John Vaughan Garnons, son of John Garnons (below), was 
admitted sizar, Queens' College, Cambridge, 1746 ; B.A., 1752; M.A., 
1756; Rector of Llanddeiniolen from 1763 until his death at Traws- 
fynydd, in 1783 ; elected in 1763 an honorary membey of the GIynlIivon 
Volunteers (see later article). 

^ Griffìth Garnons, probably a brother of John Garnons (below) ; he 
died in February, 1772. One Griffìth Garnons, the younger, was an 
attorney-at-law (see below). 

^ See Note 1 , page 1 1 . 

* Rev. Robert Anwyl, son of William Anwyl, of Talyllyn, Merioneth, 
matriculated, Balliol College, Oxford, 1748/9; B.A., 1752; Rector of 
Criccieth-cum-Ynyscynhaiarn and Treflys, 1772 ; Iived at Bachysaint, 
Criccieth, and died June 9th, 1789, aged 61. 

^ Rev. John Jones, predecessor of the above Rev. Robert Anwyl ; 
son of the Rev. John Jones, Rector of Llanystumdwy ; matriculated, 
Jesus College, Oxford, 1736 ; known as John Jones of Bronygadair ; 
died 1772. 

® Rev. Zaccheus Hughes (1735-96), matriculated, Jesus College, 
Oxford, 1751 ; B.A., 1755 ; died at his home, Trefan, Llanystumdwy ; 
nominated Rector of Criccieth, but died before collation (pp. 29, 97). 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 13 

John Garnons Esqr Rhwgoch^ 

E LL Yaughan, 1776. [Evan Lloyd Yaughan] 

R Elhs^ 

Capt Richard Garnons 1780^ 

Robt Roberts Fryog Clerk 1782* 

Wilhams WiUiams of Tyhir 1786 ^ 

Major Canamus 


W^ Yaughan'' 25 marks 1775. 
Wm Brynher^ 1 mark 
E Ll Yaughan 21 marks. Dead 1791. 
David Ehs Gwnfryn^ 1 mark 

Ehs Wynn Stj^mllyn.^ 2 marks 

1 John Garnons, attorney-at-Iaw ancl Prothonotary for North Wales, 
came from the family of Garnons Hall, co. Pembroke, and married 
Jane, daughter of Griffith Roberts, of Rhiwgoch, Trawsfynydd, the 
ancient seat of the Lloyd family (see Arch. Camb., iii, 3rd Ser., pp. 
23-5). In 1763 he was elected an honorary niember and " SoHcitor 
General " of the GlynlUyon VoIunteers (see the account on a later page). 
In I75I he and his son, Griffith, wore appointed jointly and severally 
CIerk of the Peace for Merioneth. His portrait hangs in the County 
Hall at C'aernarvon ; died 1783 (see p. 96). 

2 Possibly Rev. Richard EIlis, M.A., Vicar of Clynnog, 1768, and Rec- 
tor of Llanaelhaiain, 1768 ; died 18U5, aged 75 (see p. 14). 

3 See Note 2, page 1 1 . 

* Friog, now a part of Fairbourne, near Barmouth. ? Rev. Robert 
Roberts, M.A., Vicar of Llanrhaiadr-yn-Kimmerch, co. Denbigh ; died 
July 26th, 1817, aged 70. 

^ Tyhir, Llanarmon, part of the estate of Sir Roger Mostyn in 1794, 
and then occupied by one William WiUiams, perhaps his son (Hundred 
List for Eifìonydd), who died January 4th, 1782. (See p. 14). 

^ William Vaughan, doubtless the owner of the cannon. 

' William Brynkir, of Brynkir, Llanfihangel-y-Pennant. 

^ Probably David EIIis (son of Rev. Richard EIlis, Vicar of Clynnog 
(below)), who assiimed the additional name of Nanney ujjon the death 
of his maternal uncle, Rev. Richard Nanney, of Bachwen, Clynnog. He 
was Attorney-General for North Wales, died in 1819, aged 60, and was 
buried in Llanystimidwy Church, leaving his estate to his nephew, Owen 
Jones, afterwards Owen Jones-Ellis-Nanney. 

^ EIlis Wynn, of Ystumllyn (see pp. 10, 11). 

14 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Jobn Jones Bryn Hir.^ 5 marks 
Ricd Nanney Cler^ 15 marks 
Z Hughes Cler Trefan^ 14 marks 
\Vm Roberts Cler^ 4 marks 
Wm Willis Brondanw^ 5 marks 
Griff Garnons sen"^ 41 marks Died Febry 1772 
WmWilliams tyHir' 4marks Died 4 Janry 1782 
John Lewis Atty lost 5 marks 
David Griífìths Pwllheh^ 2 marks 
Jos Cox Contri" of Pwllheh'' 14 marks Dead 1781 
Rich Ehs Cler: Gwnfryn^^ 25 marks Died ye ist 
Decr 1805. 

^ John Jones, of Brynhir, Criccieth. 

2 Ilev. Richard Nanney, matriculated, Jesus College, Oxford, 1710, 
aged 19 ; B.A., 1714 ; M.A., 1718 ; Vicar of Clynnog from 1718 and 
Rector of Llanaelliaiarn from 1725, who died December 25th, 1767, aged 
77 ; or his son, the cleric of the same name, of Bachwen, matriculated 
Jesus College, Oxford, 1757, aged 18 ; B.A., 1761 ; M.A., 1763 ; died 
May 22nd, 1812, aged 73. 

^ Rev. Zaccheus Hughes (see p. 12, /.n.). 

^ Rev. William Roberts, B.A., was presented to the li\ing of Llany- 
stumdwy in 1752 ; died 1758. 

^ William WiIIiams, of Brondanw, Llanfrothen, where he was buried 
in 1778, aged 63. 

^ Griffith Garnons (see p. 12, /./ì.). 

" WiIIiam WiIIiams, Tyhir (see p. 13, /.>(.). 

^ One David Griffith, of Pwllheli, gent., died April 17th, 1770, aged 
45, and was buried at Deneio. Margaret, his wife ; Mary, his daughter ; 
Robert, his son, " gent and bachelor " ; and Rev. Hugh Griffith, M.A., 
his son (see p. 42), died in 1791, 1784, 1802, and 1812, respectively, and 
were buried at Deneio. 

^ Joseph Cox, CômptroIIer of the Customs at Pwllheli, married Elin 
Wynn of Hafodgaregog, Nanmor, near Beddgelert, and her niece Jane, 
sole heiress, married in 1736 the Rev. Zaccheus Hughes (above). 

1° Rev. Richard EIIis, son of Rev. David Ellis, of Gwynfryn, Criccieth, 
matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1748, aged 17 ; B.A., 1752 ; M.A., 
1755 ; Vicar of Clynnog from 1768 and Rector of Llanaelhaiarii from 
1768 until his death, December, 1805. He was second Chaplain to the 
GIynlIivon VoIunteers (see p. 94). 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 15 

Za Elis dit diti 6 marks Died 1803 

Morgan Elis 1 mark 

Edd Wynn Cler Dolbenman^ 1 mark 

Evan Elis Brynbwil 1 mark 

His Son 1 mark 

I. Elis 1 mark 

Hugh Davis Caerhûn^ 1 mark 

Rich Rowlands Pwllheh 4 marks Dead 1782 

Meyrick Meredith'* 3 marks 

Tim Edwards^ 4 marks 

John Roberts Aberdaran*^ 5 marks Dead 1785 

Owen Jones Cler of Conway^ 3 marks Dead 1785 

Rich Poole Caenêst Atty^ 2 marks 

1 Rev. Zaccheus Ellis, B.A. (1732-1803), was a brother of the above 
Rev. Richard ElHs ; ho was Vicar of Llannor and Doneio (1757-62) ; 
a cleric of tho same name was instituted to Llaiiííadwalador, 1789. 

2 Rev. Edward Wynn, B.A. (prosumably son of Rev. Elhs Wynne, 
of Llandanwg, matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1734/5, agod 19) 
was Rector of Penmorfa, with the Chapel of Dolbenmaen, from 1759 
uutil his death in 1767. 

^ Hugh Jones, who assumed the name of Davies on succeeding to the 
Caerhun estate ; High Sheriff of co. Caernarvon, 1754, and of Anglesey, 
1755 ; hcnorary member of the Glynllivon Volunteers, 1764, and 
Quartermaster-General, he being a Captain in the Caernarvon Militia 
(see p. 97, /.n.) ; died 1771. 

^ Meyrick Meredydd was the son of Hum})hroy Meredydd (1703-66), 
of Monachdy Gwyn, Clynnog, and was the last male heir. He was a 
Lieutenant in the Royal Caernarvon Militia and in 1763 was a member 
and secretary of the GlynIlivon Volimteers (see p. 96, /.n.). Humphrey 
Meredydd himself was Commissary-General of the stores in this Corps. 

^ Timothy Edwards, of Nanhoron, succeeded his brother, Thomas 
Edwards, as Collector of Customs at Pwllheli, in 1765 ; in 1763 was 
an honorary member of tho GIynIlivon Volunteers (p. 96, /.?î.). 

^ Perhaps Vicar of Aberdaron. 

' One Rev. Owen Jones, LL.B., son of Rev. John Jones, of Llan- 
ystumdwy, matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1740/1, aged 17 ; 
B.C.L., 1753. Probably the same, appointed to the Iiving of Conway 
1755 ; he was sixth ChajDlain to the GIynllivon VoIimteers (seo p. 94, 

^ Richard Poole, of the famiiy of Cae Nest, co. Merioneth, was an 
attorney-at-law at Beaumaris, and died in 1799. 

i6 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Thos Edwards Pwllheli^ 3 marks 

Thos Lewis ditto 1 mark 

Rosindal Lloyd ditto^ 2 marks Dead 1782 

Griff Jones ditto 1 mark 

Rob Davis ditto 2 marks 

John Garnons Rhiwgoch^ 16 marks Dead 1783 

John Roberts Treborth 1 mark 

Rob Wilhams Cler Llanystndwy^ 1 mark 

Wm Wilhams 5 marks 

Ehs Anwil Parkia^ 6 marks Died 1802 

Griff Yaiighan Hengwrt'' 1 mark 

W™ Wilhams 1 mark 

David Jones 1 mark 

Love Parry Penarth" 3 marks 

W'" Griífith Vic: Carnarn.s l mark 

1 Thomas Edwards, Collector of Customs at Pwllheli, brother of 
Timothy (p. 15). 

^ Rosindale Lloyd, described as gent. on his wife's gravestone but as 
gi'ocer in tlie parLsh regLster, died April 15th, 1782, aged 69, and was 
bmûed at Deneio ; and his wife, Jane, died February 30th, 1782, was 
aLso buried there. ThLs family would seem to have been established for 
some time at Pwllheli, for one Hugh Lloycl Rosindale, mercer, died there, 
October 17th, 1782, and was buried at Deneio, whcre another member 
of the family, Robert Lloyd Rosindale (died May 18th, 1712), was also 

3 See p. 13. 

^ Rev. Robert WiIIiams, son of Rev. Thomas WiIIiams, of Llanysttun- 
dwy ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1732/3, aged 18; B.A., 
1736 ; Rector of Llanystumdwy, 1758-70 ; died September 16th, 1771, 
aged 57, and was buried at Llanystumdwy. 

^ EIIis Anwyl, of Parkia, Criccieth, who, according to the old registers, 
was bmied July 31st, 1801. 

^ Griffith Yaughàn, mariner, of Hengwrt, Dolgelly, who died at 

' Love Parry, of Pennârth, Llanarmon, who removed to Madryn and 
died m 1778. 

^ Rev. WiIIiam Griffith, doubtless son of Rev. Richard Griffith, of 
Caernarvon ; matriculated Oriel CoIIege, Oxford, 1754, aged 17 ; B.A., 
1758 ; appointed Vicar of Llanbeblig, Caernarvon, 1762 ; fourth Chap- 
lain to the G]ynUivon VoIunteers (see p. 04, /.»).) ; died 1766. 

Two Historic Welsh Cnps 17 

J Owen Cler 1 mark 

Wm Williams M:D:i 1 mark 

Hugh Lloyd Capn 1 mark 

Charls Evans 2 marks 

Joh Vn Garnons Cler'^ 25 marks Dead 1783 

Hugh Roberts Glan y dwr 2 marks Dead 1787 

Griff Garnons junior Aty^ 1 mark 

Capn Lloyd Hendrefaig* 1 mark 
Anthy Thomas Cler^ 1 mark 
W™ Pugh Bodilana^ 2 marks 
Rob Owen Cle Llanaber' \4í marks Died 1794 
Humph Meredith^ 3 marks 

Rich Gwynne Capn** 15 marks Dead 1775 
D: Jns Gwynne Taharis^^ 3 marks Dead 1775 
Man Owen Ty Gw^^nn^^ 2 marks 
Owen Ehs Surgeon^- 1 mark 

^ Perhaps WiUiam Williams, ]M.D., Caernarvon ; died July 4th, 1789, 
aged 71. 

2 Ilev. John Vaughan Garnons (p. 12). 

3 (p. 13). 

* Captain John Lloyd, of Hirdrefaig, Llanfìnan. 

^ Ilev. Anthony Thomas, son of Hugh Thomas, of " Kelynin," 
(Llangelynin), Merioneth ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1752, 
aged 17 ; B.A., 1755 ; ordained deacon by the Bishop of Bangor, 
September 25th, 1757. 

^ ? Bodrilana, Abererch. 

' Possibly Rev. Robert Owen, B.A., appointed Vicar of LlanbebHg, 
1776, and succeeded, 1794, by Rev. Hugh Davies Griffith, M.A. 

^ Humphrey Meredydd (1703-66), of Monachdy Gwyn, Clynnog ; 
High Sheriíî, 1734-5 and 1738 ; father of Meyrick Meredydd (p. 100). 

^ Captain Richard Gwjni, of TaHaris (p. 11)- . 

^^ David Jones Gwynn, of TaHaris (probably an elder brother of the 
above) who married, in 1756, Ann Vaughan, daughter of Wilham 
Yaughan, fìrst owner of this cup. 
^^ Ty Gwynn, now Cefnpencoed, Llanystumdwy. 

^2 Presumably Owen EHis, apothecary, of Gwynf ryn, and brother of Rev. 
RichardElIis,Vicarof Cljmnog (1765) and Rector of Llanaelhaiarn (1806). 

i8 Two Historic Welsh Cnps 

J. Roberts Cler BodYean^ 4 marks Died 1802 
Hugh Evans Bodscallon- 1 mark Dead 1783 

Thos Gibbons Cap" 1 mark 

Hugh Griffith BrynodoP 2 marks Died in 1795 
Jon Jones, Drwsdeugoed^ 3 marks 
Jon Jones 'Nyskan^ 7 marks 


\Vm Anwil Brynadda^ 1 mark 

^ Rev. John Roberts, of Hafodywern, Clynnog ; matriculated Jesus 
CoUege, Oxford, 1746, aged 16 ; B.A. from Brasenose College ; M.A., 
1753 ; Rector of Llanbedrog, 1759 ; Llanbedrog and Bodvean with 
Nevin, 1764 ; of Llanbedrog and Vicar of Llanbeblig, 1769 ; Canon of 
Bangor, 1775 ; Archdeacon of Merionetli, 1776 ; Rector of Llantrisant, 
1785; died August 7th. 1802, aged 7.3. Doubtless the cleric of this 
name who was elected in 1763 an honorary member of the GIynIIivon 
Voluiiteers (see p. 96, /.n.). 

^ Bod^-sgallen was the seat of the Wynn family, from whom the estate 
descended to Margaret, sole heir, by her marriage to Sir Roger Mostyn, 
Bart. in 1776 (see p. 8). 

^ Hugh Griffìth (1727-95), of Brynodol in Lleyn, was the son and heir 
of John and Margaret Griffith of that place, all of whom are com- 
memorated by a monument in Llanbeblig Church (J. Jones, " Myrddin 
Fardd," Gleanings from GocFs Acre, 1903, p. 291). He was High 
Sheriff, 1777-8. On August 22nd, 1774, Dr. Johnson and his 
party proceeded from Bodvel, Mrs. Thrale's birthplace, by invitation 
to Brynodol, " a small new built house, with square rooms : the walls 
are of unhewn stone, and therefore thick. . . . Mr. Griffiths had planted 
a great deal of young wood in walks. Fruit trees do not thrive ; but 
having grown a few years reach some barren stratum and wither." Mr. 
Griffitlîs not at home, but the provisions were good. Mrs. Griffiths 
was more disposed to reside at her house and estate, Llanfair [near 
Caernarvon] than at Brynodol. (Boswell's Life of Jolinson, ed. by G. B. 
Hill, V, 449-50.) He was an honorary member of the GlynlIivon 
Volunteers (p. 100). 

^ Drwsddaegoed, Dolbenmaen or Criccieth. Margaret Jones, of 
Drwsddaegoed, widow of Rev. Rowland Jones, Rector of Edeyrn ; died 
May 7th, 1762, aged 75, and was buried at Ynyscynhaiarn. 

^ John Jones, of " Ynysgau Bach," gent, was buried at Criccieth, 
March 13th, 1787. 

^ William Anwyl, Brynadda, near Dolgelley (see later). 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 19 

Lewis Meyricke Dolgelley^ 1 mark 
Jon Jones Tyn m Coch^ 2 marks 
John Owen Egrin 1 mark 
Henry Booth Capn 1 mark 
John Jones dit 1 mark 
Pierce Thomas Clr Hendre^ 1 mark 

Owen Jones Berkin Atty* 10 marks 
Henry Parry Perfeddgoed'^ 2 marks 

Thos Jones Stapls inn*^ 1 mark 
Rob Wilhams Atty Pwllhely 6 marks 
Tim: Edwards Capn^ 4 marks Dead 1780 
John Earl frodsam^ 2 marks 

Willm Grifíìth Llandwrog Cler» 4 marks 

1 ? Lewis Meyriclí, of Ucheldre, Gwyddelwern, Merioneth. 

2 Tyddyn Madog Goch, Llanystumdwy. 

^ Hendre, near Abererch. A cleric of this name was appointed to the 
Iiving of Llangelynin, Merioneth, 1767. 

* Abercain, near Llanystumdwy. 

5 Perfeddgoed = old name, Tynywern, Bangor. The widow of Hugh 
Williams, of Pentir (High Sheriff, 1742-3, died 1754), married Rev. 
Owen Parry of Perfeddgoed. His son, Hugh Williams (1743-88) married 
EUen, daughter of Hugh Stodart, of Deganwy. The latter name 
suggests a connection with Graco Stoddart, whose charity (1767) of 
Ddwyryd lands for the widows of the parish of Deneio is recorded. 

ö Staple Inn, one of the old Inns of Chancery, still standing in Holborn. 

' Captain Timothy Edwards (1731-80), R.N., succeeded to the estate 
of Nanhoron after his imcle, Richard Edwards ; his portrait Ls at 
Nanhoron, with that of his wife, Catherine, the donor of two silver 
caudle cups, 1734-5 and 1755-6, to Penlan Congregational Chapel, 
PwUheli (founded 1646, first chapel built 1653) and to Capel Newydd in 
Lleyn (founded 1740). 
^ Frodsham, Cheshire. 

^ Rev. William Griffith, son of John Griffith, of Caernarvon ; matricu- 
lated Oriel College, Oxford, 1752, aged 17 ; B.A., 1755 ; M.A.. 1758 ; 
Rector of Llandwrog and Aber ; appointed, 1762, fìrst Chaplain of the 
Glynllivon Volunteers ; died June 8th, 1772, aged 38 ; a small brass 
monument is in Llanbeblig Chm-ch (see p. 94). 

c 2 

20 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Will LLewis Anwil Nanney^ 8 marks 
Griff Jones Bryn-tirion^ 2 marks 
Rob Owen dolsera^ 3 marks Dead ITT-i 
Wm Grjrffydh Atty Llandeckwin 1 mark 
Rob Annwyl Clr Dolgelley^ 20 marks 
Fran' Parry jun ditto^ 3 marks 
J: Bardin Pembrookshire 3 marks 
Rich Howard Atty 2 marks 
John Thomas Cler Bla:^ 3 marks 
Capn Anth Parrey Navy' 1 mark 
Thoms Griffith Bettws Bach^ 22 marks Murderd 
in his Stable by Persons unknown 3i"d April 1802 

^ ? William Lewis Anwyl, or William and Lewis Anwj-1, Xaiiney. 

2 Griffith Jones (1744-78), of Bryntirion, Bangor. 

^ Dolserau, Dolgelley. 

4 ? Rev. Robert Anwyl (p. 12). 

^ Rev. Francis Parry, son of Francis Parry, of Llanaber, Merioneth ; 
matriculatetl Hertford College, Oxford, 1764 ; B.A., 1768 ; ordaüaed 
priest in 1 768 by letters dimissory of the Bishop of Gloucester; appointed 
to the benefice of Llaiidanwg cum Llanbedr, 1781, and to Llanaber, 
Merioneth, 1791, by the Crown ; died 1821, and commemorated by 
tablets in the Church. His wife, Anne, was the daughter of John 
Garnons (p. 13), and was buried at Llanaber, 1819, aged 80. " The 
Rev. Mr. Parry was heir of Hendreforion and an excellent magistrate." 
(Xote in the burial regLster, added in 184U.) 

^ Rev. John Thomas, appointed to the living of Llanfrothen, 1765. 
? son of John Thomas, of Llanarmon, co. Caernarvon ; matriculated 
Jesus College, Oxford, 1752, aged 19 ; B.A., 1756 ; or the cleric of the 
same name, son of Thomas Rowlands, of Ynyscynhaiarn, matriculated 
Jesus College, Oxford, 1755, aged 18; B.A., 1758; M.A., 1761 ; head- 
master, BeaumarisGrammarSchooI; buried in Llandegfan Church, where 
there is amuraltablet : "He was agreat scholar and universally beloved." 

^ CaiJtain Anthony Parry, R.N., appointed 3rd Lieut. H.M.S. 
Preston, 1761 ; Lieut. Carcass sloop, 1765 ; 4th Lieut. to the Augusta, 
1769 and 2nd Lieut. to the same, 1770 ; 2nd Lieut. to the Triumph, 
1772 ; and to the Ramülies, 1773 ; Commander of the Bute armed 
sloop, 1776; Commander, Alderney sloop, 1777; CajDtain, Invincible, 
mn, and to the Pandora, May 8th, 1779. 

^ Bettws Bach, near Plashen (Talhenbont), Llanystumdwy. He was 
the tenant of this farm on the estate of Sir Roger Mostyn in 1794 
.(Hundred List for Eifionydd). 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 21 

Rob* Jones Capn Dolgelley 1 mark 
Capn Robt Perrey Navy^ 1 mark 
Wm Roberts Atty 1 mark 
Wni Jones Tannr Pwllhely 1 mark 
David Phillips ditto 2 marks 

Robt Wms Pwllhei Mercht 3 marks 
Ed Anwil Brynadda- 2 marks 
John Wms Cler Tu Newith=^ 2 marks 
Hugh Vaughan Esqr 6 marks Dead 1783 
Rice Jones Bardd^ 1 mark 
Capn Wheeler 

This far coppyed from the original names and from 
hence sign'd by themselves 

Octi' 1 Richd Garnons Capn 22marks Died in 1803 
Jno Jones sadler Gone to New South \\'ales 
Nr 26 Humphrey Evans Cwm yr Avon 2 marks 
1774 Dead 

^ Presiimably Robert Parry, R.N., 4th Lieut. to Bienfaisaní, 1759, 
and 3rd Lieut. to same, 1761 ; Lieut. to theJason, 1765 ; to the Seaford, 
1767 ; 2iid, 3rd and Ist Lieut. to the Augusta, 1768-70 ; and 3rd and 
4th Lieut. to the Resolution, 1771 ; post-captain, 1790 ; out of the 
Navy by 1812 (Navy Lists). 

2 One Edward Anwyl held a legal offiee on the N. Wales Circuit in 1813. 

^ ? Tynewydd, Llanystumdwy ; Rector thereof, 1758—70. 

* Rice Jones (1713-1801) i^ublished in 1770 a selection of Welsh 
poetry, entitled Gorchestion Beirdd Cymru. In 1818 a volume of his 
own poetrj^ under the title of Gwaith Prydyddawl Rice Jones, was pub- 
lished by his grandson, Rice Jones Owen. Some of hts poems were first 
published in Dewisol Ganiadau yr Oes Hon (1759), compiled by Hugh 
Jones. The best account of his life and work is in an article by Glasynys 
in Golud yr Oes (VoI. ii, p. 81), in which it is stated that only a portion 
of his work was ineluded in Gwaith Prydyddawl and that many of his 
manuscripts were scattered and lost. At his death an elegy to him was 
written by Dafydd Ddu Eryri {Corff y Gaingc). A memorial is in Llan- 
fachreth Church, Merioneth. There are many references to him in the 
Morris Letters (Ex inform. Mr. W. LI. Davies, Librarian of the National 
Library of Wales). His son was Rev. Rice Jones (p. 31). 

22 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Sepr 25 Glynn Wynn CoP 12 marks 
Robt Godol Owen^ l mark 
Octr 7. Richd Moore Cap" 1 mark 
Novr 16 Mr Robt Evans Cler^^ 3 marks 

"Wm Wynne Wern** 4 marks 
Capn Hugh Parry 1 mark 
W^™ Parry Limner^ 2 marks 

^ Colonel Glynn Wynn, of Tower House, Caernarvon, son of Sir John 
WjTin, 2nd Bart., and brother of the first Baron Newborough ; Lieut.- 
Colonel in the Coldstream Guards ; Commandant of the GlynlHyon 
Volunteers (pp. 95, 99). M.P. for the Borough of Caernarvon, 1768- 
81 ; married in 1766 Bridget, daughter of Edward Philijo Pugh, of 
Penrhyn Creuddyn and of Coetmor. Her brother was James Coetmor 
Pugh (see page 23). 

2 Robert GodoliDhin Owen, of Clennenau, and Brogyntyn, Oswestry ; 
Fort Major in the Glynllivon Volunteers (see page 99) ; High Sheriff 
of co. Merioneth, 1768, and of co. Caernarvon, 1769 ; died 1792, aged 59. 

^ ? Rev. Robert Evans, son of Evan Evans, of Carngiwch, Caern. ; 
matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1762, aged 20; B.A., 1766; 
ordained priest in the Diocese of Bangor, 1766. A cleric of this name, 
curate of Llangybi and Llanarmon, died April 29th, 1775. Another 
was instituted to Bodvean, 1785. 

* WiUiam Wynne, of Wern, Penmorfa, co. Caernarvon, and of Peniarth, 
00. Merioneth, was christened at Penmorfa, August 2nd, 1745 : High 
Sheriff of Merionethshire, 1772 ; died July 20th, 1796. 

^ William Parry, born in 1742, was the son of John Parry, of Ruabon, 
the celebrated harpist to the first and second Sir Watkin Williams 
Wynn. He was a pupil of Sir Joshua Reynolds. By the patronage and 
liberality of Sir W. W. Wynn, 4th Baronet, he was enabled to proceed 
to Italy for study and remained there from 1770 to 1775. There he 
painted for his patron a copy of Raphael's Transfiguration. Like his 
more illustrious compatriot, Richard Wilson, he seems to have been 
unsuccessful as a painter in London and, returned to Italy, where he is 
said to have met with all the success that he could wish during his 
sojourn of several years. In 1791 he was compelled by ill-health to 
return to his native land, where he died within a few days, on February 
13th. If any of his work was executed for Sir Watkin WiUiams Wynn, 
it was probably consumed in the fire which destroyed Wynnstay in 1858. 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 23 

J Coytmor Pugh^ 5 marks 
George Brown 1 mark 

William Griffith Pwllhely^ 13 marks Died in 1816 
Wilham Owen 2 marks 
Hugh Humphreys Cler^ l mark 
E: Evans of Penbryn 1 mark 

John Griffith Cefnamwlch^ 3 marks Died in 1794 
John Jones Surgeon^ 1 mark 
John Sorton^ 1 mark 

1 James Coetmor Pugh, son of Edward Philip Pugh, of Penrhyn 
Creuddyn and Coetmor ; honorary member of the GIynlUvon Yolunteers, 
1 765 ; High Sheriff of co. Caernarvon, 1776-7 ; his sister Bridget, married 
Colonel Glynn Wynn (p. 22), and sold the Penrhyn Creuddyn estate. 

2 ? Wilham Griffith (1748-1816), attorney-at-law, of Rhosfawr, and 
of Bodegroes, near Pwllheli ; High Sheriff, 1809. He was afìpointed 
Captain of the Llannor and Deneio or Pwllheli Yolunteers, June löth, 
1798, and was a supporter of the Caernarvonshire Agricultural Society 
at Pwllheli on May 13th, 1808. His wife, Ann, was a daughter of 
William WiUiams, Tyhir, Llanarmon, and was the mother of David 
White Griffith (born 1781). He appears to have had a previous wife, 
Elinor, mother of William Glynne Grifìfith (born 1775). 

2 Probably Rev. Hugh Humphreys, son of Humphrey Humi^hreys, 
of " Celynin," (Llangelynin) Merioneth ; matriculated Jesus College, 
Oxford, 1765, aged 19 ; ordained priest by the Bishop of Bangor, 1770 ; 
and probably the cleric of this name, appomted to the benefice of 
Llansadwrn, 1784 ; died January 6th, 1826, aged 84, and buried at 

* John Griffìth ; Major of Brigade in the GlynIlivon Yolunteers 
(p. 99) ; High Sheriff, 1765 ; died December 4th, 1794, aged 52, without 
issue, and left his estate to his cousin, Jane Wjame, of Voelas, co. 
Denbigh, who married Hon. Charles Finch. 

^ Ann, daughter and heir of John Sorton (born in 1701), of Gelliwig 
in Lleyn, married as her second husband, Dr. John Jones^ (son of 
Ty Issa) of Saethon, in Lleyn, who died March 23rd, 1783, aged 40, and 
was buried at Bryncroes ; she died July 26th, 1832, aged 84. The 
Sorton family are said to have been Scottish refugees in the reign of 
James II and to have landed at Aberdaron, where they rented a farm 
called Court (Cwrt). Ann, wife of John Sorton, of Gelliwig, died March 
2nd, 1762, aged 32, and was buried at Ceidio. David Sorten, son of 
John Sorten, gent, and Catherine, his wife, was baptized at Deneio, 
March 17th, 1776. 

24 Two Historic Welsh Ciips 

Lewis Nanney Jr Caylan 7 marks 
Counselor Parry, A* 0:1^ 1 mark 
J. Ellis Cler., Bangor A.dn^ i mark 


Hiigh Williams Pentir^ 2 marks 

Capn Daniel Davies 4 marks 

Thos WilHams Tynewydd^ 1 mark 

\Vm Wms Bryncola^ 3 marks Died in 1814 


John ElHs Cli", Rr of Llanystudwn '^ 12 marks Died 

in 1811. 
Owen Owen Ty-gwyn 1 mark 
Maurice Lewis Ceidio 1 mark 

^ John Parry, son of Love Parry, of Cefn Llanfair, Llanbedrog, and 
brother of Love Parry, was born in 1 724 ; he was educated at Wrexham 
iinder ^Mr. Jones ; admitted pensioner, St. John's College, Cambridge, 
1742 ; admitted Lincoln's Inn, 1742 ; Bencher of that Inn, and was 
Attorney-General of North Wales ; Constable of Conway Castle, 1769 ; 
M.P. for Caernarvon, 1780 ; and Judge-Advocate in the GlynUi^on Vol- 
unteers {q-v.). His portrait is in the National Museum of Wales (No. 5). 

2 Rev. John EHis, LL.B., of Glasfryn, co. Caernarvon ; admitted 
pensioner, Jesus CoIIege, Cambridge, 1738 ; Rustat Scholar ; LL.B., 
1745 ; ordained deacon (Norwich), 1745 ; priest (Bangor), 1746 ; Vicar 
of Bangor, 1749-50 ; Chancellor of Bangor, 1753, and Archdeacon of 
Merioneth, 1754. He married as his second wife, a daughter of William 
Williams, Pwllheli ; his portrait is at Glasfryn ; he died at Bath, 1785. 
His sons were Revs. Richard EIIis (p. 31) and John EIIis (below). 

^ Hugh WiIIiams (1743-88), of Plas Pentir, near Bangor ; Lieut. in 
the Royal Caernarvonshire Militia and first aide-de-camp in the Glyn- 
llivon Yolunteers (p,^101). 

^ ? A connection of Rev. John WiIIiams (p. 21). 

^ Bryngoleu, Abererch. HLs second wife, Mary, daughter of John 
Jones, of Bron-y-gadah', Ynyscynhaiarn, gent., died October 12th, 
1838, aged 75, and was biu-ied at Ynyscynhaiarn. 

^ Rev. John EIIis, B.A. (appoLnted in 1770), was succeeded in the 
Iiving of Llanystumdwy on his death, June 25th, 1811, by the Rev. 
Thomas Hughes, D.D. (see above). 

John Parry. 

Iti National Museum of lì'a/es. 

To face />. 24. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 25 

Lloyd Langford Es^n 1 mark 

John Holland Tyerdan- 1 mark 

Evan Evans Dolgelley 2 marks 

John Lloyd of Hafodunos^ 5 marks 

WilHam Evans Rhiwgoch 1 mark Died 1808 

Pryce Maurice* 1 mark Died in 1803 

Henry Corbet Nunysymaen Gwynn* 4 marks 

Dead 1782 
Hugh EIlis Bangor 1 mark Died 1808 
Thos Williams Llanidan 1 mark Died in 1802 
Evan Elis Timber Mert 1 mark 


Rich Owen land Surveyor 2 marks Died 1813 
Capn Pugh Merth Mili: 4 marks Dead 1780 
John Roberts atty Bala — JR or JP 1 mark 
Revd Mr Herbert Dolgelley^ 1 mark 
Hugh Jones Hengwrtucha** 1 mark Died 1809 
Griff Wins Caegronw 1 mark 

^ Son of Francis Langford, of Tulla, co. Limerick, and of his wife, 
Margaret Lloyd, of Hirdrefaig. His niece, Annabella, married Colonel 
Richard Edwards, of Nanhoron (see the Nanhoron cup). 

2 John HoIIand, of Teirdan, Llanelian, co. Denbigh ; High Sheriff of 
co. Caernarvon, 1788 ; died 1824, aged 80. 

^ Hafodunos, Llangernyw ; he died unmarried in 1815, aged 66. 

* Henry Arthur Maurice, son of Pryse Maurice, of Lloran Uchan and 
Penybont, co. Denbigh, was at Westminster School, 1764-9, and matricu- 
lated at Magdalen CoIIege, Oxford, March 9th, 1771, aged 18. He 
succeeded his grandmother to tlie estate of Ynysmaengwyn, Tow^ti, 
Merioneth, and assumed the name of Corbet ; High Sheriff, 1779 ; he 
died, October 15th, 1782, aged 30. 

^ Rev. Evan Herbert, literate, was ordained deaeon by the Bishop of 
Bangor in 1770, and priest in 1771 ; he was a schoolmaster at Dolgelley, 
jDrobably of the old Grammar School ; Rector of Llanfairfechan ; 
died January 23rd, 1830, aged 83. 

® Hugh Jones had been butler, and afterwards agent at Nanney, 
but was the owner of Hengwrtucha, near Dolgelley ; High Sheriff of 
Merioneth, 1809, but did not serve. Mary, his daughter, married Major 
Nanney, of Gwynfryn, Llanystumdwy. 

26 Two Historic Wclsh Citps 

Lieut Troughton Nayy^ 5 marks 


John Jones Clynnog Cler:^ 21 marks 

W Turner Whitchurch 4 marks 

Robert Roberts Fryog Cler^ 17 marks 

Hugh Davies Penm Cler* 3 marks 

Edwd Edwards atty at Law 1 mark 

Reyti Wm Owen Ceidio^ 1 mark Died in 1803 

Richd Lloyd Cler"^ 8 marks 


Lewis Griffìth 1 mark 

Owen Parry (?) 1 mark 

Thos Assheton Smith MP^ 1 mark 

^ Lieut. Ellis Troughton, R.N., of Caernarvon, mentioned in Boswell's 
Life of Dr. Johnson, under date of August 20th, 1774, when Dr. Johnson 
met Paoh and Troughton, " an intehigent and loquacious wanderer," 
whom Mr. Thrale invited to dinner. He was 5th Lieut. of the Diiblin, 
SejJtember 13th, 1763, aud 4th Lieut. to the Congueror, March 17th, 
1777, and was out of the Navy List in 1817. His son was Ellis John 
Troughton (178-4-1864). 

^ One John Jones, pôssibly of Jesus College, Oxford, was ordained 
deacon by the Bishop of Bangor, 1771. 

3 See p. 13. 

* Rev. Hugh Davies, B.A., son of E,ev. Lewis Davies, of Llandyfrydog, 
Anglesey, matriculated Jesus College, 1757, aged 18 ; usher at Bangor ; 
Rector of Llandegfan, 1778 and of Aber, 1787 ; retired 1818 ; died at 
Beaumaris, February 16th, 1821, aged 81 ; Pennant acknowIedges his 
indebtedness to him. 

^ Rev. William Owen, son of John Owen, geut., of Ceidio ; entered 
Manchester Grammar School, January 15th, 1751 ; matriculated 
Brasenose CoIIege, Oxford, 1755, aged 17; B.A., 1758; M.A., 1761; 
appointed to the iDorisetual curacy of Ceidio in Lleyn, 1764 ; died at 
Bronheulog in that parLsh, (which ho had built), April 26th, 1803, aged 
67, and was buried at Ceidio. 

^ ? Rev. Richard Lloyd who was appoiuted to the curacy of Llanfì- 
hangel-y-pennant, 1770. 

' Thomas Assheton-Smith, of Vaynol, Lord-Lieutenant for co. Caer- 
narvon, and M.P. in 1774 ; he was Colonel-Commandant of the Caer- 
narvonshire Volunteers (Bangor, Caernarvon, and Conway comjsanies) 
from about 1804 to 1809. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 27 


Win Morgans 1 mark 

D. Griíììths 3 marks 

Hugh Awil Dolfrigogi 2 marks 

H Wynne Jones Trejorwerth^ 1 mark Died 1809 
Thomas Evans Trergof^ 1 mark 
E: Evans, L* 4 marks 

EUis Wynne Ystymllyn* 2 marks Dead 1790 
Maurice Elhs Garn. 3 marks 
Willm Knight 1 mark Dead 1787 
David Rees Atty. 1 mark 

John Lloyd Thomas of Rhosgill Leut^ 11 marks 
WilHam Wilhams of Tyhir'' 28 marks 

Elhs Thomas Cler:' 2 marks Dead 1786 

^ Hugh Anwyl (1739-1829), an honorary member in 1767 of the Glyn- 
llÌYon Volunteers ; sold Dolfriog, near Beddgelert, about 1769 ; buried 
at Beddgelert. 

2 Rev. Hugh Wynne Jones, of Treiorwerth, Bodedern, Anglesey ; 
matriculated Jesus CoUege, Oxford, 1768; ordained priest, 1776; 
nominated in 1789 by Jesus College to the curacy of Bodedern, and in 
1803 appointed Prebend of Penmynydd in Bangor Cathedral. He 
married Grace, daughter of Rev. Robert Wilhams, Rector of Llanystum- 
dwy, and he died in 1809, aged ö%. In 1808 he presented Rev. Evan 
Lloyd to the perijetual curacy of Penmynydd. A man of thi.s name and 
place was High Sheriff of Anglesey in 1773. 

^ Tre'rgo, Heneglwys, Anglesey. One Rev. Thomas Evans, B.A., was 
presented to the living of Heneglwys with the Chapel of Trewalchmai, 
1789, and held it until his death, 1840. 

* Son of EIIis Wynne (p. 10) ; buried September 24th, 1790, at 

^ Rhosgyll Fawr, Llanarmon. ? the son of Richard Lloyd Thomas, 
of this place, and of Dynanau, who died 1842, aged 80. 

^ One William WiIIiams was Iiving in 1794 at Tyhir, Llanarmon, then 
the property of Sir R. Mostyn (Hundred List for Eiíìonydd). 

"^ Rev. Ellis Thomas, son of Rev. Richard Thomas, of Deneio, 
matriculated Jesus CoIIege, Oxford, 1740/1, aged 19 ; B.A., 1745 ; 
appointed to the benefìce of Llangelynin, co. Caernarvon, 1761 ; trans- 
ferred to Llanllyfni, 1765 ; died 1786. 

28 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

David Ellis Gwynfryn^ 16 marks 

John Griffith Tryfan- 6 marks 

John Jones Brynhir^ 18 marks Died in 1799 

\Vm Williams Ty-newydd^ 3 marks Dead 1780 
J Richd Owen Abererch 13 marks 
Owen Jones Brynhir^ 15 marks 
Thomas Prichard Tynewydd 2 marks Died at Ostend 
Hugh Wilhams Tinhwyden*' 1 mark Died 1808 
David Roberts Lloerbach' 1 mark 
Owen Ehis Tythin Anass^ 1 mark 
Griffith Yaughan Tan Pwü 1 mark Dead 1783 

October 1779 
John Elhs Troughton^ 3 marks 
\\''ilham Evans Clerk^" 3 marks Rector of Nanlch 
ye penal (?) since of Crickieth 

^ Presumably David Ellis, Attorney-General for North Wales (son of 
Rev. Richard Ellis, who married Catlierine, daughter of Rev. Richard 
Xanney), who assumed the additional name of Xanney ; died 1819, 
aged 60. 

2 John Griffith, of Trj'fan, Llanwnda ; High Sheriff of co. Caernarvon, 
1786; died 1831. 

^ Brynhir, Criccieth, son of Rev. John Jones, Rector of Criccieth ; 
born 1758 ; died 1799, and was bui'ied at Criccieth ; educated at Man- 
chester Grammar School and apparently at Oriel College, Oxford ; 
married Ehzabeth Ellis of Gwj^ifrjni. 

^ Probably Tynewydd, Llanystvundwy, where lived Rev. Robert 
Wilhams, Rector of Llanystumdwy, 1758-70. 

^ Owen Jones, brother of above Rev. John Jones ; matriculated, 
Jesus College, Oxford, 1740-1, aged 17. 

^ ? TyddjTilIwydyn, Bodvean, near PwIIheli. 

' Lleuarbach. 

^ Tyddyn Annes, in the parish of Llanllyfni (?). 

9 See p. 26. 

lOprobably Re;'. WiIIiam Evans, M.A. ; of St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge ; Curate of Llaniestyn ; Rector of Criccieth and Ynyscynhaiarn, 
1795 ; died 1817, aged 71, and buried at Criccieth ; or the cleric of this 
name, curate of Llanengan, 1760, died May 16th, 1762, aged 33, and 
buried at Deneio. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 29 

Andrew Edwards Cle.^ 1 mark 
Robert Pryse Gilfachwen- 1 mark 
John Jones Brondannye^ 1 mark 
John WilHams Llanfairfech 2 marks 

Win Griffìth Carnarvon 1 mark 
Thos Elhs, Bodven 5 marks Died 1802 
H. Wihiams, Pentir, Clk.5 l mark Died 1803 
Lewis Hughes, Brwynog^ 1 mark 
John Hughes Trefan^ 11 marks Died in 1795 

^ Son of Richard Edwards, husbandman, of Ruthin ; admitted sizar, 
St. John's College, Cambridge, 1730, aged 17, from Ruthin School ; 
B.A., 1734/5; ordained deacon (St. David'.s), 1736; priest (Chester), 
1738 ; licensed in 1736 as Master of the Free Grammar School, Pwllheli ; 
Rector of Llangefni, 1741-53 ; of Edeyrn, 1750-5 ; of Aber, 1753-62 ; 
Chancellor of Bangor, 1754-62 ; Rector of Dolgelley, 1755-9 ; and again 
to Aber with Llanllechid, 1759-62 ; died 1763, aged 49, and was buried 
at Llanegryn. His wife, EIizabeth, was the daughter of Timothy 
Edwards (died 1749), of Nanhoron, and died in 1791, aged 81, and was 
buried at Llangian with her six children. His son, the above Andrew 
Edwards, born 1749, of St. John's CoIIege, Cambridge, was ordained 
deacon, 1779, and was licensed to the curacy of Clynnog. 

2 ? Gilfach, Penmorfa. 

^ Brondanw, Llanfrothen. 

* Thomas EIlis, of BodveI, near PwIIheli, attorney-at-Iaw, was 
apparently the father of Robert EIIis of this place, Lieut. in the Pioneers 
of the Hon. East India Company, who was killed in the unsuccessful 
attack on Fort Kalunga, October 3Ist, 1814, aged 27, and who is com- 
memorated by a mural tablet in Llannor Church, with one to Richard 
EUis (1784-1864), CoIIector of Customs. He died at Pwllheli, November 
28th, 1802, aged 58, and was buried at Llannor. 

^ Rev. Henry Williams, LL.B., of Plas Pentir, near Bangor, and 
Rector of Llandwrog from 1783 until his death, 1803, aged 57 (see 
p. 24). 

^ ? Brwynog, LlanfìBewin. 

' John Wynn Hughes (1760-95), matriculated, Jesus CoIIege, Oxford, 
1781, only son of Rev. Zaccheus Hughes (p. 12), whose marriage to Jane 
Jones was declared void in 1808 (after his death), she being under age, 
in consequence of the lawsuit, Priestley v. Hughes, when the estate of 
Trefan went to his cousin, Mary, wife of Samuel Priestley, of Leeds ; he 
was buried at Llanystumdwy. 

30 Two Historic Welsh Ctips 


[No names] 

John Jones Junr, Llwynon^ 1 mark 
Thomas Procter Oriel College O^ford^ 1 mark 
Robt Morris Surgeon^ 9 marks 
T. P. Jones Penarth* 5 marks 
John ElHs Lleiar^ 1 mark 
David Evans Lieut Carnar Mihtia 1 mark 
Thomas Jones Bryntirion*' 1 mark 

Hugh Griffith Pwllheh 1 mark 
Jnojones London lmark [probably J. Jones,below] 
John Jones, Caredn (?). 1 mark 
Wm Griffith, ty Coch" 1 maik Died 1803 
Richd Lloyd Trallw^^n^ 1 mark 

Hugh Owen MD 1 mark Died 1812 

^ John Jones, of Llynon, Llanddeusant, Anglesey ; educated at Jesus 
College, Oxford ; admitted to the Middle Temple, 176-4 ; called to the 
Bar, 1767 ; married Ann, daughter and heir of John Sorton, of G-elUwig 
in Lleyn ; Bencher of the Middle Temple, 1802 ; died April llth, 1803, 
aged 60, and was buried outside Bangor Cathedral. Presumably he was 
the son of Rev. Humphrey Jones, of Tj'newydd, Llanengan, sometime 
Reetor of Llanfaethlu. 

^ Thomas Proctor, son of Rev. Thomas Proctor, of Taunton, was 
admitted commoner, Oriel CoIIege, Oxford, March 26th, 1779, and 
matriculated, March 27th, 1779. 

^ Robert Morris, M.D. (died 1828), left his estate of Sygyn, Nanmor, 
near Beddgelert, to his godson, David White Griffith (p. 55). 

■* Thomas Parry Jones, Pennarth. 

^ Lleiar, Clynnog. 

^ Thomas Jones (1754-1824), of BrjTitirion, Bangor ; High Sheriff, 

' WiIIiam Griffith, of Ty Coch, ComptroUer of the Customs ; died 
May 17th, 1803, aged 68, and was buried at Deneio ; he was father of 
Rev. WiIIiam Griffith, for 29 j'ears Rector of Llandwrog, who died 

^ Trallwyn, Llangybi, co. Caernarvon. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 31 

Jeffy T. Holland 3 marks 

Richard Ellis Junior Gwynfryn 8marks Diedinl805 

J: Jones Temple^ 2 marks Died 1803 

R: Jones Cl^^ 4 marks 

Owen Owens Abercaer 2 marks 


Revd Richd Elhs Aysgarth^ 2 marks Died 1806 

Tho: Lewis, Capn 2 marks 

Ehis Wynne of Crickieth* 2 marks 

Matthew LLoyd Carnarvon 2 marks 

Revd W™ Wms Tyny Coed'^ 3 marks 

Griffìth Roberts Carnarvon 2 marks 

Thomas Edwards Capt ] mark 
J Vander Hagen Salop 1 mark 
Samuel Rowlands 3 marks 

Fras Kearney, Major. 1 mark 
Richard Edwards, Nanthoran.*^ 1 mark 

1 See p. 30. 

2 The Rev. Rice Jones, only son of Rice Jones (p. 21), matriculated 
Wadhani College, Oxford, 1774, aged lü ; B.A., 1778 ; was curate of 
Llánystumdwy and died there, March 14th, 1790. 

^ Rev. Richard EUis, M.A., son of Rev. John Ellis (p. 24) ; was 
educated at Manchester Grammar School (admitted 1774) and pro- 
eeeded in 1777 to St. John's College, Cambridge, but migrated to 
Trinity College in the same j^ear ; instituted Vicar of Aysgarth, York- 
shire, 1 783, on the presentation of Trinity CoIIege ; Rector of Llanengan, 
in Lleyn, 1796 ; and of Llandwrog, 1803 ; Iived at Dinas ; died 1806. 

* Probably EIIis Wynne, of Ystumlljm. 

" Rev. WiIIiam Williams, of Ty'n y Coed, Rhosfawr, in the parish of 
Abererch, son of William Williams, gent., matriculated Jesus CoIIege, 
Oxford, 1778, aged 20; B.A., 1782; Rector of Llanaelhaiarn, 1810- 
30. His wife, Elinor, died February 14th, 1816, and was buried at 

® Colonel in Royal Caernarvon Militia ; died July 6th, 1830, aged 60. 
A silver badgo, dated 1813, of the Militia is at Nanhoron. He waa the 
first owner of the Nanhoron cup. See later. 

32 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

John Browning Edwards^ 5 marks Died 1812 
William Rowlands Plasgwyn- 2 marks 
Henry Rowlands Plasgwyn- 2 marks 
\Vm Poole Gogerthan 1 mark Dead 1812 
Evan Prichard Ty Newydd 1 mark 

W™ Price Carnarvon 3 marks Died in 1806 
Wm Evans Glanalaw (?) 1 mark Died in 1807 
O Jones Brony Gader^ 2 marks 
Richd Wilhams Shopkeeper Puh^ 2 marks Died 
in 1814 

Frans Carleton Capt. 2 marks 
Robt Roberts Carnarvon. 1 mark 
Wm Wihiams Carnarn i mark 
Robt Evans Bodvean 2 marks 

Wilham Roberts of Cefn Mine^ 1 mark 
Tho: Prickett London 1 mark 
O. A. Poole Beaumaris^ 5 marks 

Griíhth Griffiths Bodegros' 1 mark Died 1803 

^ Of Nanhoron ; Captain, R.N. ; died April 22nd, 1813, aged 42. 
See the Nanhoron cuj^. 

^ Plasgwyn, Abererch. 

•^ Bron-y-Gadair, Ynyscynhaiarn. 

•* Pull = P\vlllieh. 

^ Cefn maen, Llannor. 

'■ Owen Anthony Poole, solicitor, Caernarvon, and Clerk of the Peace 
for the County ; died in 1823, aged 57, and was buried at Llangefni. 
He was in command of one of the companies of Caernar\-on Yolunteers 
in 1803-4 and probably later in the Napoleonic Wars. One of the 
members, as was W. P. Poole, in 1809, of the Menai Pitt Club, formed 
in 1806 in memory of William Pitt (W. H. Jones, Old Karnarvon, 1889). 

' Ilev. Grithth Griffith, M.A. (1776-1803) (second son of William 
Griffith, of Bodegroes, near Pwllheli), í'ellow of Jesus College, Oxford ; 
was buried at Llannor, where there is a mural monument in the Church. 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 33 

Thomas Roberts Llangybi^ 5 marks 
William Roberts Caeplan- 1 mark 
J Lancaster 1 mark Died 1805 
W'm EIIis Gwynf rin ■^ 2 marks 


Hamilton (?) Moore Carn'^n 1 mark 


J Hughes Carnarvon 1 mark 

Peter WiIIiams Llanrug* 1 mark 

William Anwyl Dolgelley 2 marks 

Benjn Wyatt Lime Grove 1 mark 

Jro Roberts Atty Carnarvon 1 mark 

J Roberts Cefnamwlch 1 mark 

Ed'd Owen Garthynghared^ 1 mark 

J Roberts Llanbedrog*^ 1 mark 

Richd Garnons Juni"^ 1 mark 

Hugh Jones Gwnihinger^ 1 mark Died in 1807 

^ Rev. Caiioii Thomas Roberts, of Hendre, Abererch, Rector of 
Llangybi and Llanarmon, son of Archdeacon John Roberts (p. 18) ; he 
was a member of the Lleyn and Eifionydd Assoeiation for the prosecu- 
tion of Felons ; died Marcli 5th, 1849, and was buried at Abererch. 
He matriculated Hertford College, Oxford, 1783, aged 18 ; B.A., 1786 ; 
M.A., 1788. 

2 Caeplan, Pwlllieh. 

^ Presumably William Ellis (1763-1819), afterwards of Conway. 

■* Rev. Peter Williams, B.A., instituted to the Iivings of Llanrug and 
Llanboris, 1792. 

^ Garthangharad. 

^ Rev. John Roberts, of Hafod-y-Wern, Clynnog ; M.A., Brasenose 
CoUege, Oxford ; Archdeacon of Merioneth and Rector of Llanbedrog 
(instituted 1759) and of Llantrisant, Anglesey ; died August 7th, 1802, 
aged 73, and was buried at Llanbedrog (p. 18). His name apjjears also 
under the Nanhoron cup. 

^ Richard Garnons, son of Captain Richard Garnons, baptized at 
Llanbeblig, Januarj' 5th, 1774 ; High Sheriff of co. Caernarvon, 1805- 
6; lived at Colomendy, near Mold ; died 1841, and buried at Llan- 
ferras, co. Flint (see p. 12). 

^ Gwnhingar, near Bodvean and Llannor. 

34 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Rob Griffith of Pwllhelii 2 marks 

Jan: 15^1^ 1801 
Owen Meyrick Trefrew^ 1 mark Died in 1805 

May 25th 1803 
Evan Jones Major R.W.F.^ 4 marks 

October 15th [1803] 
W. A. Madocks^ 1 mark 
John Lloyd Llanystyndwy^ 9 marks Diedinl814 

Novr 4th, 1804. 
Jno Jones of Brynhir*' 15 marks Died in 1814 

^ Probably Robert Griffith, gent., eldest son of David Griffith, gent. ; 
dîed February 3rd, 1802, aged 45 ; both were buried at Deneio. An 
attorney-at-law of this name was aUve at Pwllheli in 1813. 

2 Captain Owen Meyrich (1740-1805), of Trefri, of the family of 
Meyriclí of Bodorgan, Anglesej^ 

^ Colonel Evan Jones, of Gelliwig, in Lleyn (his birthplace), dis- 
tinguished himself in the West Indies and in Holland and Egypt. His 
commissions in the 23rd Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers) were : 2nd 
Lieut., May llth, 1791 ; Ist Lieut., May lôth, 1793 ; Captain, June 
14th, 1794 ; Major, Julý 24th, 1800 ; and Lieut.-Col., 1804-8. He was 
a member in 1809 of the Menai Pitt Club, formed in 1806 in memory of 
William Pitt. He died at Rose Hill, near Wrexham, March 25th, 1821 
(Cathrall, Hist. of X. Wales, 1828, ii, 117). His name ajjpears under 
the Nanhoron cu]) ; his silver mug, made in 1753-4, is at Nanhoron. 

* William Alexander Madocks (1774-1828); M.A., Oxford (Christ 
Church), 1799; Fellow of All Souls, 1794-1S18 ; Barrister, Lincoln's 
Inn ; M.P. for Boston, Lincs., 1802-20, and for Chipisenham until 
1828 ; built the embankment across the mouth of the River Glaslyn 
and founded the towns of Tremadoc and Portmadoc ; built the house 
of Tan-yr-allt, Tremadoc, and went to live there in 1808 ; sujjporter of 
the horse races at Tremadoc, 1808-9, and a member of the Lleyn and 
Eifionydd Association for the Prosecution of í'elons, whose annual 
meeting was held at the Crown and Anchor (now the Crown Hotel), 
Pwllheli, June 4th, 1808, when EIIis Jones (buried April 2nd, 1811, at 
Deneio), was gardener and waiter at that Inn ; hi-i portrait i-> in the 
National Museum of AN'ales, Cardiff ; donor of two siher forks and j)art 
donor of a cruet at AII Souls CoIIege. 

^ Llanystumdwy. 

^ John Jones, Brvnhir, Criccieth. 

Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 35 

Novr 23d, 1804. 
R: Thos Carreg of Carreg^ 4 marks 
Wm Glynne Griffìth^ 3 marks 
Robt Jones Clk, Tydweilog^ 5 marks 
Jno Lloyd Trallw}Ti* 2 marks Dead 1813 

Jany 7th, 1805. 
E. Vaughan Evans 3 marks Dead 1810 

Novi- 15th, 1805. 
Abiathon Hawkes 13 marks 
Lieutenant Pr (or Pryce), Dn 13 marks 

Novr 17th, 1805 
Thos Hawkes, Dudley. 1 mark 

December 3d, 1805. 
R. G. Jones Surgeon Pwllheli^ 5 marks 

^ Son of Griffith Thomas, of Cwrt, Aberdaron ; assumed the addi- 
tional name of Carreg on succeeding to the estate ; in 1807 he was Major 
of the Loyal Newborough Yohmteer Infantry, raised by Lord Xew- 
borough ; High Sheriff, 1808-9 ; died, unmarried, at Cefnmaen, near 
Pwllheh, September 8th, 1842, aged 65, and was buried at Llannor. 

2 Eldest son of William Griffith (1748-1816), of Rhosfawr and Bode- 
groes, near Pwllheli ; attorney-at-Iaw, Caernarvon ; Lieut.-Col. of the 
Newborough (co. Caernarvon) Yolunteer Infantry for several years 
between 1804-8; High Sheriff, 1827; died 1842. His brother was 
Ilev. Griffith Griffith (p. 32). 

^ Ilev. Robert Jones, M.A., instituted to the perpetual curacy of 
Tydweiliog with Llangwnadl, 1803 ; succeeded in 1812 by Rev. Evan 
Morgan ; he was the son of Rev. John Jones, of Llanieityn, and matricu- 
lated Jesus Ccllege, Oxford, 1795, aged 17 ; B.A., 1799 ; M.A., 1802 ; 
perpetual curate of Nevin, 1821-4 ; Rector of Llaniestyn, 1824-52 ; 
died 1852 and buried at Llaniestyn. His son of the same name was 
curate of Llaniestyn, 1835-48, and Rector of MeiIIteyrne, 1848-52 ; 
died 1860. 

■* Trallwyn, Llangj'bi. 

^ R. Griffith Jones was a member of the Lleyn and Eifionydd Associa- 
tion for the Prosecution of Felons and was present at the annual meeting 
held at the Crown and Anchor, Pwllheli, June 4th, 1808 [North Wales 
Gazette) . He was probably the Richard Jones, surgeon to the Eifionydd 
Volunteers during the Napoleonic Wars ; a copper badge of the Loyal 
Pwllheli VoIunteers, with the cipher of George III, is at Nanhoron. 

D 2 

36 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

William Hutchinson, Lr.-Col., I.F. Offr.i 2 marks 
Roger Wright Hawkes. 1 mark 
Febry ist, 18O6 
Jno Evans Junr, Abererch^ 3 marks 
Maurice Jones Ynj^sgairn^ 2 marks 

September ist, I8O6 
Chas Wm Bowen 1 mark 
Humph Jones 1 mark Died 1808 
Thos Booth Brynhir [? Brynhir] ^ 1 mark 

November 14th, 1807 
Thomas Crockett Warrington. 1 mark 

Janry 8th, 1808 
Jas Shaw Lieut 4th Dn Gds.^ 2 marks 
J: Owen Captn 6lst Regt.s 1 mark 

Febry 22d, 1808 
Rice Thomas Junr Coedhelen. 1 mark 

October 8th, I8O8 
H. Warrington, Inspg Fd Off 1 mark 
J. Wilhams Peniarth Uchaf 1 mark 

^ This officer was Inspecting Field Offîcer of the Vokinteers in Caer- 
iiarvonshire, 1805-6, and as such signed the Returns (W.O. J 3/4216). 

2 John Evans (1737-1834), of Tyn-y-Coed, Abererch. 

^ Ynysgain, Criccieth. 

^ Brynhir, Criccieth (?). 

^ The commissions and services of James Shaw were : In 1799 trans- 
ferred from the West Somerset Militia as Ensign, 40th Foot, 1799 ; 
liieut. in the same, October 22nd, 1799 ; Lieut., 66th Regt., July 9th, 
1803 ; Lieut., 4th Dragoon Guards, 1804, and CajDtain in the same, 
February Ist, 1827 ; retired May 4th, 1832. He was born at Bristol, 
September 13th, 1777, and married Ann Cannington at Clifton, Sep- 
tember lOth, 1804. Served in Holland in 1799 and took part or saw 
service at the battle of Helder, September 19th, 1799 ; Mediterranean, 
Minorca, Malta, Egjqjt, 1801 ; battle of Alexandria, sieges of Grand 
Cairo and AIexandria ; and iii the Peninsula, luidei- the Duke of 
Wellington, 1812-13. 

^ John Owen's commissions in the 61st Foot were : Lieut., 1795 ; 
■Captain, 1803 ; and Major, 1812-19 ; probably died February 9th, 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 37 

August 4th, 1809 
Thos Jones Surgeon Carnarvon.^ 1 mark 

October 25th, 1809 
John Owen Llaniestyn 3 marks 
Griffith Owen Neigwlucha^ 6 marks 

Febry 23d, 1810 
Evan Gryffydh M.D. 1 mark Died 1812 

November ist, I8II. 
John Elhs, Trallwyn^ 2 marks 
G: B: Lewis, Mt Hazel^ 2 marks. 

Decr 16th, 1813 
George Cunhffe 1 mark 
Henry Clopton Keogh 1 mark 
John Kyffin Derwen^ 2 marks 
Rob: Wilhams, Bodwnog. *^ 1 mark 

Janry 28th, 1815 
Edward Griffith Roberts, Carnarvon.' 1 mark 

September 22d, 1816 
David Anwyl, Bala. 1 mark 

^ Thomas Jones was siirgeon (1803-8) to the Snowdon Rangers Rifle- 
men Yohinteer Infantry, commanded by Captain Sir Robert WilHams, 
Bart., of Xant. 

2 ? Rev. Griffith Owen (son of Griffith Owen, of Dolgelley), matricu- 
lated Jesus College, Oxford, 1771, aged 19; B.A., 1774; married, in 
1780, Catherine, of the family of Neugwl Ucha in Lleyn ; Rector of Llan- 
enddwyn with the chapelry of Llanddwyefrom 17S7imtiIhisdeath, 1826. 

^ Trallwyn, Llangybi. 

* Mount Hazel, Llandwrog. Rev. Grlyn Bodfel Lewis, curate of 
Llanwnda, Iived here imtil his death in 1832, aged 44. 

^ Rev. John Rj^ffin, jmir. ; matriculated Brasenose CoIIege, Oxford, 
1800 ; B.A., 1804 ; M.A., 1807 ; ordained deacon, 1804, and priest, 
1805 ; Yicar of Bangor, in succession to his father, 1810 ; of Derwen, 
1810 ; of Llanystumdwy, 1815 ; and of Llanbedrog with Chapelries, 
1837 ; He is mentioned mider the Nanhoron cujd ; died 1838. 

^ Rev. Robert WiIIiams, M.A., instituted to the benefìce of MeiIIteyrne 
with the ChaiDcIry of Bottwnog, 1811 ; resigned 1816. 

^ Doubtless he who was Lieut. in the Caernarvon (town) Yolimteers, 
formed during the Napoleonic Wars, when he was in charge of a com- 
pany in 1807-8. 

38 Two Historic Welsh Citps 

Robt Anwyl, ]\Iajor of the 4tii of Foot or King's own 
Regiment^ 1 mark 

The following names are written on a separate piece of 
paper in an eighteenth-century hand : 
Griffìth Garnons Esqr (p. 12). 
John Lewis 

Will™ Yaughan Esqr [the original owner of the cup]. 
Captn Edwards (p. 19). 
Mr Justice Wilhams 
Mr Roberts Aberdaron (p. 15). 
Griffith Jones Bryntirion Esq. 
Captn Richd Garnons (p. 11). 
Mi" Justice Roberts 
Capfn Gwyn 
Mr Justice Hughes 
Mr Justice Elhs 
Tim: Edwards Collr (p. 15) 
Richd Howard, Esqr 
Parson Vaughan Garnons (p. 12). 
Thos Grifììth Bettws. 
John Jones Ynysl^an^ 
Captn Gwyn Governor (p. 11). 
Capfn Garnons ffort Major (p. 11). 
Jno \'aughan Garnons Chaplain (p. 12). 

In a different handwriting is the name of 
Griff Jones, Fort Day, 1766. bryntirion 

1 Robert Anwyl was transferred from the Merioneth Mihtia as Ensign 
in the 4th Foot, August 9th, 1799; promoted Lieut., October 27th, 
1799 ; Captain, 4th (King's Own) Foot, August 14th, 1804 ; Major in 
the Army, June 21st, 1813; Major, 4th Foot, August 3rd, 1820; 
Lieut.-Col. in the Army, June 21st, 1817 ; Lieut.-Col., 95th Foot, 
December 13th, 1827 ; Brigade-Major, and became Senior Officer of the 
Brigade at St. Sebastian, for which he received a medal ; out of the 
Army Hst by 1833. 

^ Doubtless John Jones, of Ynysgain bach, gent., buried at Criccieth, 
March 13th, 1787. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 39 

The carriage of the cup is 7j in. long and 4| in. high. 

With the " Book ", but having no actual connection 
with it, is a separate MS. entitled : 

" The names of the Genfn who gives the Beef at 
Llanystyndwy," one for every day from 17-44- to 1798, 
with one for 1805. Most of the names are in the old Book, 
including Wilham Yaughan himself for 1746. 

At the sides of the MS. are the names of forty-seven 
ladies, beginning at a later date. 

The Nanhoron Cup 

The " Hollow Tooth " Cup is part of an ivory tusk, 
somewhat crudely carved early in the eighteenth century 
with Bacchanahan subjects, and mounted in silver at a 
later date (before 1796) ; it has descended from Colonel 
Richard Edwards (1770-1830) to his son, Richard Lloyd 
Edwards (1806-76), to his grandson, Francis Wilham 
Lloyd Edwards (1845-90), to his great-grandson, Claude 
Henry Lloyd Edwards and to his great-granddaughter, 
Mrs. Alan Gough, the present owner. 

The traditional drink consumed from it at christenings, 
marriages, and festive gatherings, was hot brandy. 

Against several of the names the solemn affìrmation, or 
oath, " By Jove," is written, as used in Farquhar's 
comedy (1698), Love and a Bottle : 

Lucinda : Did you ever see me before ? 
Roebuck : Never, by Jove. 

On the cover of the vellum bound book is written : 

Standing Orders 

Commencing in 


Inside are the following original signatures : 
Griíîith Thomas DD 
True Copy 

40 Two Historic Welsh Cnps 

Names of the Gentlemen that have drank the Hollow 
Tooth at 

Feby 13th. Rd Garnons Senr, Carnarvon.^ 
Councillor Jones, GeUiwig. ^ 
Evan Jones Royal Welch Fuzileers^ 
Richd Edwards Nanhoron* 

18th John Reese Curate Langean^ 
18th Jno Jones Bangor RCM*^ 

19 Thomas Thornley (? Thornby), Esq., Fen- 


20 G Thomas Collector Pwllhely 
David Wilhams Saython' 

26th. Revd Wilham Griffith Pwllhely^ H.M.S. 
Prince of Wales 
Thos Roberts Llang^^bi 

1 See p. 11. 

2 GelUwig in Lleyn (see p. 34). 

3 A member in 1809 of the Menai Pitt Club, formed in 1806 in 
memory of WiUiam Pitt (W. H. Jones, Old Karnarvon, 1889). Colonel 
in the Royal Caernarvon Militia ; died July 6th, 1830, aged 60 ; a 
silver badge of this mihtia, dated 1813, is at Nanhoron (see p. 34). 

4 Seep. 31. 

^ Rev. John Rees, of Tynycae ; Cm-ate for 32 years of Llangian with 
Llanfihangel BacheUaeth ; instituted in 1810 and for 26 years Vicar 
of Aberdaron ; died 1837, aged 8L A mural monument is in Llangian 

^ John Jones, Royal Caernarvon Militia. 

' David WiUiams (1754-1823), of Saethon, in Lleyn, formerly agent 
of that estate, to whom it was sold by Mary Harrison. He was the 
father of David WiIIiams of Castell Deudraeth. 

8 ? Rev. William Griftith (son of WiIIiam Griffith, of PwIIheli), M.A. 
of St. John's CoIIege, Cambridge ; for 29 years Rector of Llandwrog ; 
died 1836, aged 75 ; Chaplain in H.M.S. Brunswicìc, and afterwards, for 
ten years, in the Royal Dockyard, Pembroke. One clergyman of this 
name was appointed Chaplain to H.M.S. Rohust, July 18th, 1794; 
transferred to H.M.S. Prince of Wales, January 14th, 1795. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 41 

Mr: Da: Griffith Caerhuni 
27th Robt Evans Bodyean^ 

Newborough GlynlHyon ^ 
Evan Prichard Ri Carnarvon MiHtia 
William Roberts Clk Carnarvon 
Henry WilHams Pentir* April 14* 
R. M. Humphreys Rhydlanfair April 14. 
April loth Alexr Lindesay Roxburgh L.F. Cavalry (in 
another hand, Drowned). 
Griffith Jones Wern April 29th 
W^m Griffith Bodegroes.5 Do 

By Jove. O: A: Poole Carnar^on*' Ist May 1796. 

Tho. Robertson Roxburgh L.F: Cavalry 6th May 
Alexr Morison Lieut Loyal Tay Fenc. Cav. 
Thos EHis, BodveP lOth May 1796 
Robert WiHiams, Nant. May 14th 96 
Richard Ellis Junior Gwynfryn^ May 19th 96 
May 22nci 1796 Rd Griffith Penymount alias Adelphi 

May 23rci 1796 W. G. Griffith Carnarvon» 
Robert Hughes Frochas May 23d 1796 
Sam: Grindley of Tregarnedd By Jove May 26th 96 
Dead. WiH: Jones of Bodvean May 26th 1796. 

1 Possibly Rev. Hugh Davies Griffith, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford, 
of Caerhun ; ordained priest 1789 and apjjointed Curate, Llandudno ; 
Reetor of Llanbedr-y-Cennin with Caerhun, instituted to that benefìce, 
1798 ; died 1802. 

^ Rev. Robert Evans, B.A. ; Rector of Llangelynin, Caerns., 1811- 
19 ; to Nevin perpetual curacy, 1803 ; died 1819, aged 63, and buried 
outside Bangor Cathedral. 

^ The fîrst Baron Newborough (see later). 

* Rev. Henry Wilhams, LL.B., of Plas Pentir, near Bangor, and 
Rector of Llandwrog, 1783, until his death, 1803, aged 57 (see p. 24). 

^ Wilham Griffith of Rhosfawr and Bodegroes, married in 1773 Ann, 
daughter of William Williams of Tyhir (p. 13) ; one of the supporters 
of the Caernarvonshire Agricultural Society show at PwIIheli, May 13th, 

6 p. 32. 7 p. 29. 8 jjigh Sheriff, 1827-8. » p. 23. 

42 Two Historic WelsJi Ciips 

T. P. Jones, Madrin.^ 5tii June 96. By Jove 
J. Royle Helgay (?) 5th June 1796. By Jove 
David Ellis Gwynfryn^ June 23^1 1796, by Jove 
Rd Jones Cefynford, do. 26, 1796, by Jove 
Hugh Griffith of Pwllheh^ July 8^1^ 1796. 
Rice Thomas Coedhelen* Septr 20tii 1796 
Robt Jones Llaniestyn^ Sept 22 
Wm Roberts Llanbeulan Ocfr 3rd 1796. 

Died. John Jones Brynhir^ Ocfr 15^1^ 1796 By Jove 
Hugh Wilhams Hirdra. Ocfr 25* 96 
J. B. Edwards" Ocfr 30. By Jove 
H.M. Ship Yihe de Paris 
Rowd Wihiams of Beaumaris. 30th Ocfr 1796 
G. Griffith Bodegroes.8 Novr 8th 1796 by Jove. 
Revd Robert Roberts, Friog.^ Nvr 12: 96. 

25 Jan: 1802. John Jones, Dead, Llaniest^' No^br 

Rob Griffith Pwllheh.ii Novr 25th 1796 

^ Thomas Parry Jones (1762-1835), Madryn, who assumed the 
additional name of Parry on his marriage in 1780 to his cousin Margaret 
Parry, heiress of Madryn and other estates. 

2p. 17. 

^ Probabh' Rev. Hugh Griltith, son of David Grifiíith, of Ceidio, 
matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1778, aged 19 ; B.A., 1781 ; M.A., 
1788 ; Curate of Ceidio ; died a bachelor, and was buried at Deneio, 
June llth, 1812 Q3. 14,/.«.). 

* Rice Thomas (1746-1814), of Coed Helen, Caernarvon ; High 
Sheriff, co. Caernarvon, 1771-2, and Anglesey, 1777-8 ; father-in-law 
of Captain John Browning Edwards, R.X. (1771-1813), of Xanhoron, 
whose initials, J.B.E., are signed under his name. 

^ Probably a son of Rev. John Jones (below). 

® Brynhir, Criccieth. 

' Captain John Browning Edwards, R.N. (p. 32). 

8 See p. 32. 

9p. 13. 

•^" Rev. John Jones, B.A. ; instituted to the living of Llaniestyn 
(Caern.) with the chapels of Penllech and Llandegwnning, 1765 ; died 
January 25th, 1802, and was succeeded by Rev. Edward Owen, B.A. 

11 Probably Robert Grifîìth, solicitor, Pwllheli ; alive 1810. 

Two Historic Welsìi Ciips 43 

John Jones Jun^ Llaniestyn^ Novr 25th 1796 
William Peacocke 5th Decr 1796 
Rd Garnons Junr, Carnaryon^ Decber i^th 1796 
\Vm Thomas Brynnyneuadd^ Decebr 27 96 
Thomas Davies Clk Llanengan^ January ye 5th 
AD. 1797. 

3d Febry 1797. W: P: Poole Carnar^on^ 
W™ Jones Tymawr. 

1797 Feby 5. Robt Roberts, Carnarvon. 

1797, Febry 20th. R. W. Griffiths, Ty Coch (?) 

1797, Septr 21st. Wm Wynne, Peniarth,** by Jove. 

1797Sept21 R O Wynne Peniarth.^ 

1797, OctrSd. Thos Jones, Surgeon Carnarvon. ByJove 

1797, Octr 8th. Richd WiUian.s Cler of Bodafon» 
Do 9th. Bulkeley of BaronhilP 

1797 Octr I9th. Miss Edwards Miss Wynne 
of Peniarth, by Jove, Vice-President. 
Richd Owen Wynne^^ by Jove. 

Do. David Ellis Gwynfrin^^ \yy Jove. 

Nov: 9th 1797. David Evans Pwühely 

^ Probably a son of Rev. John Jones above (1777-1852), of Bron- 
heulog, Rector of Llaniestyn ; one John Jones, son of Ilev. John Jones, 
of Llaniestyn, matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1786, aged 16 ; B.A., 
1790. In 1843 there were two clerical John Jones at Llaniestyn. 

2 See p. 12. 

^ BryTiyneuadd, possibly the jjlace of this name near Llanfairfechan. 

* Of All Souls CoIIege, Oxford ; B.A. ; priest, 1775 ; curate of 
Llanengan and of Llangian, 1808-24; buried at Llangian, November 
16th, 1824, aged 75. 

s William Price Poole (1779-1841) of Pencraig. 

^ WiIIiam Wynne (1774-1834), of Peniarth, Merioneth. 

' His brother, Richard Owen Wynne, C.S. of the East India Com- 
pany ; died in India, 1821 (see p. 22). 

8 Rector of Llanrhyddlad 1809-16. 

^ Thomas James, 7th Lord Viscount Bulkeley, created in 1784 a peer 
of Great Britain with the title of Baron Bulkeley of Beaumaris. 

1° Miss Edwards, Nanhoron. i^ See above. 12 ggg p 40. 

44 Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 

Nov 12, 1797. John Roberts Jun'", Llanbedrogi by Jove 

Noyr 12, 1797. Major L P Jones 2<J or Oueen's Royal 
Regt^ by Jove. 

J. Roberts, Llanbedrog." Api 12, 98 

P. Williams, Friars, Bangor.-* April 12, 1798 

John Jones of [Coed Marian] Carnarvon Brother to 
Mrs Willms of Saythorn^ April 13th 1798 

Wilham Sampson from Ireland 

R. L. (?) Wilhams, Hafoduryd 27th Augt 1799 

Timy Jones 3^ West India Regt at Hilsea Augt 
29th 99. 

Richard Dickenson London Aug 29/99 

Love Parry Jones Madrin*' by Jove Augt 30, 99 

Evan Wilhams Bottwnog^ Jany 5, 1800 

^ John Roberts, probably son of Rev. John Roberts (below). 

^ The commLssions of Love Parry Jones, of Madryn, were : Ensign, 
2nd Foot, 1778; Lieut. in the same, 1778; Captain in the Army, 
May lOth, 1781 ; Captain, 2nd Foot, 1783 ; Major in the Army, 1794 ; 
Major, 2nd Foot, 1795 ; Lieut.-Col. in the Army, 1798, and in the 2nd 
Foot, 1799; retired, 1808. 

^ Rev. John Roberts, Rector of Llanbedrog (see p. 18). 

•^ Rev. Peter WiIIiams, son of Edward Williams, of Northop, Flints ; 
matriculated Christ Church, Oxford, 1776; B.A., 1780; M.A., 1783; 
B.D. and D.D., 1802 ; appointed Head Master, Bangor Free Grammar 
School, 1794 ; Archdeacon of Merioneth and Reetor of Llanbedrog, 
1802, with the chapels of Llangian and Llanfihangel Bachellaeth ; a 
member of the Lleyn and Eifionydd Association for the Prosecution of 
Felons, 1808; died February 20th, 1837, aged 81; buried at Llan- 
bedrog. His daughter, Mary Catherine (d. 1855) was the wife of Com- 
mander Charles Caldecott, R.X. (1794-1864), both of whom were 
buried at Llanbedrog. 

^ Saethon in Lleyn. 

^ See above. 

" Evan W^iUiams. son of Rev. William WiIIiams, of Bottwnog and 
brother of O. G. Williams (p. 45) ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 
1795, aged 17; B.A., 1799; M.A., 1802; ordained deacon, 1801; 
and priest, 1802 ; licensed to the curacy of Llanbeblig ; Rector of 
Llaiigefni, 1819, and perpetual curate of Llangwyllog, 1837-49. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 45 

Owen Gethin Williams Bottwnog.i 5th Jan. 1800 

John Roberts Cefnamwlch. 13th Do. 1800 

R. G. Jones Llaniestyn 24 Jany 1800 

Hugh Jones of Dolgelley^ 7th March 1800 

Rd Elhs Llanengan 17 March 1800 

R. Thos Carreg Carreg» ]9 July, 1800 

Mrs Ellis of Gwynfrin^ August 8th ISOO. 

Mr Elhs of Gwynfrin^ 

Jack Elhs Do.^ 

Augt 26 1800 R W W^ Yaughan Nannau^ 

Augt Do. Thos Rice MeiUionydd'* 

Wihiam Ehis Trefaes Clerk" August 27th 1800 
Thos Wright Sepfr llth I8OO. Rnutsford Cheshire 
H. J. Wright Inner Temple London^ Do. [Sepfr 

llth 1800]. 
Wm Jones Brynadda [Sept. llth 1800] 
Griíììth Jones Towyn 
Wm Wihiams Plasyn Rhiw^ 

^ Son of Rev. AYilliam Williams, of Bottwnog ; matriciilated Je.sus 
College, Oxford, 1795, aged 18; B.A., 1799; M.A., 1823; ordained 
deacon, 1800, and licensed to the curacy of MeiUteyrn and Bottwnog ; 
perpetual curate at Llangwyllog, 1811 ; Penrhoslligwy ; and was Insti- 
tuted to Pentraeth with Llanbedrgoch, 1844 ; died October 4th, 1854 ; 
he was a brother of the Rev. Evan ^Villiams (above). 

2 See p. 25. 

3 See p. 35. 

* Gwynfryn, Llanystumdwy. 

^ Sir Robert Williams Yaughan, of Nannau, 2nd Bart. ; M.P. for co. 
Merioneth for 44 years ; died April 22nd, 1843, aged 75. 

^ Meillionydd in Lleyn. 

" William EIIis (1765-1845), of Trefaes í^awr, MeiUteyrn ; B.A., Jesus 
College, Oxford ; curate of Llandegwning and Penllech, 1792-1812; 
Rector of Rhiw and Ceidio, 1812-20 ; Rector of Llanaelhaiarn. 

* Xo record of this name in the Inner Temple. 

^ William ^Villiams, son of William ^^'illiams of Tj^ Hir and Rhosgyll 
(p. 23), inherited Plas-yn-Rhiw in Lleyn after the death of his father, 
who had married the sole heiiess. One William \MlIiams was at Rhos- 
gjdl Fawr in 1794 (Hundied Li;t of Eifionydd). 

46 Two Historic Welsh Ciips 

H. Aspinwalls Lincoln's Inn^ 23 Septr 1800 By 

Dav: Griffith of Methlemä 27th Ocf 1800 By Jove 
Do Dead. Rd Broadhead of Tregôf By Jove 
8 Decr. Richard Howard, Carnarvon. By Jove 

1801 Owen Meyriclc Jany 5th I8OI By Jove 

1802 Jan: 31 Jno Lloyd Clynnog^ 
21 Feby. W^ Dolben. 

Dihgence Revenue Cutter. 

Ensign John James Royal Carnarvon Mihtia. May 

2nd 1802. By Jove ! ! ! 
Lt Wm Jones, Werglodd ffawr,* Ri Carnarvon Mihtia. 

May 2d 1802, by Jove. 
Jno Jones Brynhir^ July 6th by Jove. 
J. H. Hampton, Henüys^ R.C.M. 25 July 1802 by 

J. Landeg (?) Janry 7th i803 
Edwd Carreg" May 29th 1803 
Gr Jones of Court» May 31: 1803 
\\m WiUiams Llangwstennin.'' 24 June 1804 
Jno Haslam Carnar^on^" 24 June 04 

^ Heiiry Aspinwall, only son of Henry Asj)inwall, of Ormskirk, was 
admitted to Lincoln's Inn from the Inner Temjsle, May 6th, 1783. 

2 Griffith of Methlan in Lleyn. 

^ Probably John Lloyd, son of Humphrey Lloyd, of Caernarvon, 
matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1794, aged 19 ; B.A., 1798 ; M.A., 
1801 ; ordained priest, 1800 ; licensed to the curacy of Clynnog ; died 

^ Now Broom Hall, near Pwllheli. 

^ Brynhir, Criccieth. 

^ John Hampton Hamjjton-Lewis (1775-1843), of Henllys, Anglesey ; 
High Sheriff, 1813 ; Royal Caernarvon Militia. 

^ Carreg in Lleyn. 

^ Cwrt near Aberdaron. 

^ High Sheriff of co. Caernarvon, 1806-7. 

^" Captain John Haslam, a commissioned officer in the Shropshire 
Militia, 1798 1803 ; Adjutant of the Caernarvon and Bangor Yolunteer 
Infantry in 1808, and later Adjutant of the Caernarvonshire Regt. of 
Local Militia. 

Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 47 

Richd Poole Jimri July 4th 1804 

Ed Ld Lloyd Penylon July 28 1804 

Maurice Wynne Bangor Flints July 28 1804 
Augst 6th 1804 W: Williams of Plashen^ 
Aug. 6 Edwd Owen of Llaniestyn^^ 
Aug. 6. Nicholas Owen Bottwnog^ 
Do. R: Owen Edern.^ 

Thomas Lloyd Thomas Coed Helen^ August gth 
1804 By Jove 

3rd July 1806 
Revd P: Williams, D.D. [p. 44]. 
Wm Griffìth Esq. Bodegroes [p. 23]. 
Rob Thomas Carreg [p. 35]. 
Cap J. B. Edwards [p. 32]. 
O. A. Poole [p. 32]. 
Revd Rd ElHs Dinas 

— John Rees Llangian [p. 40]. 

— Robt Jones Bronheulog. " 

Rd Griíhth Jones Pwllheli [p. 35]. 

W P Pool [p. 43]. 

Col Rd Edwards, Royal Carv. Militia, 

^ Richard Poole (1769-1807), of Cae Xest, and Gorphwysfa, Bangor, 
formerly a surgeon at Worthing. 

^ Plashen, Llanarmon. 

3 ? Died as Rector of Llangwnadl, April 15th, 1824, aged 73. 

* Rev. Nicholas Owen, matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1769, 
aged 17; B.A., 1773; 3LA., 1776; instituted to tlie benefice of 
Meillteyrn with Bottwnog, 1799, in succession to Rev. William Williams 
(son of Rev. Owen WiIIiams, Rector of Llanrug) and Head Master of the 
old Bottwnog Grammar School, who was buried at Bottwnog, ISll. 

^ Rev. Richard Owen, son of Rev. Nicholas Owen, of Llandyfrydog, 
Anglesey ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1774, aged 20; B.A., 
I77S ; instituted to the Iiving of Edeyrn, 1796 ; brother of Rev. 
Nicholas Owen ; died 1819. 

® Coed Helen, Caernarvon. 

' Rev. Robert Jones, M.A., of Bronheulog, Rector of Llaniestyn from 
1824 ; dieJ October 30th, 1852, aged 75. 

48 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

attended to celebrated the Christening of Richard Lloyd 
Edwards Eq. eldest Son of Colonel Edwards/ and drank 
the Hollow tooth twice, biit owing to the absence of 
Richard Lloyd Esq the Grandfather & Godfather of the 
Infant, the Christening was of necessity postponed. 

The above page is written in the handwriting of Colonel 

Fourth July 1806— 
Richard Lloyd Esq.2 of Bronheulog Denbighshire having 
arrived on the Evening of yesterday, Richard Lloyd 
Edwards Esq^ was christened at Llangian Church by The 
Rev<i Peter Wilhams, D.D.^ Revti John Rees^ acting Clerk, 
Richard Lloyd" & O. A. Poole," Esqrs Godfathers & Miss 
Edwards of Nanhoron Godmother. As Witness — 

P: Wihiams Rector of Llangian 

O: A: Poole J 

R Edwards Father 

R. Elhs,^ Dinas 

W: P: Poole^ Carnarvon 

J B Edwardsio Cefn Main. 
17th August 1806 Walter Jones, Cefn Rug, Merioneth- 

4 Sepfr. Griffiith H \'aughan, Hengwrt Merionethse.ii 

^ A silver goblet, at Nanhoron, made in lSOS-9, was presented to 
Richard Edwards in 1808 by the Caernarvonshire Agricultural Society 
for draining and improving lancl. 

2 Ricliard Lloyd, of Hirdrefaig, and Bronheulog, Llanfairtalhaiarn, 
whose daughter and heir, Annabella, married Richard Edwards, Esq., 
of Nanhoron, June 24th, 1803. 

^ Son of the above Richard Edwards, born April 9th, 1806. 

* p. 44. ^ p. 40. ^ see above. 

" p. 32. 8 Rev. Richard Ellb. ^ p. 43. 

^** Captain John Browning Edwards, R.N. 

11 Grittith Howel Yaughan (1770-1848), of Rûg and Hengwrt, Colonel 
of the Roval Merioneth Militia ; succeeded his brother Edward. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 49 

10 Oct: John Evans, Bottwnog^ 

10 Octr Rice Thomas Junr Coed-helen^ 

12th Oct. 

Capt J. B. Edwards.^ By Jove 

The Birthday of , Rice Thomas Junr. 

Rd Edwards 

Richd Jones, By Jove. 

Y gwr y puar Nanhoron 

Rd Edwards return'd thanks by Jove 

John Griffith, Llanfair.* Octr 29, 180G 

Hugh Davies (Abergwyngregin) by Jove. Do. Do. 

Sept ist 1808. Francis Richard Price, Bryn y pys. 
13, 1824. R. W. Yaughan, Esqre, Nannau.^ 

Septr 13th W: Lloyd Rector of Llanengan« 1824 
Evan Lloyd 

Septr 13th. J. T. Sewell Rl Caenarvon MiHtia. 
Griffith Roberts Gallt y Beren' 
John Ryffin Rector of Llanystymdwy^ 1824 

^ Rev. John Evans, M. A., appointed Head Master of Bottwnog Gram- 
mar School, October 27th, 1810 ; held the Ih'ings of Llangwnadl and 
TydweiUog for 39 years ; died at his residence, Gelliwig, July 23rd, 
1852, aged 69, and was buried at Tydweiliog. 

2 p. 47. 

^ Captaiu John Browning Edwards, R.N. 

■* Llanfair, Llanfairisgaer. 

^ p. 45. 

^ ? Rev. WilUam Lloyd, son of Robert Lloyd, of NevLn ; matriculated 
Jesus CoUege, Oxford, 1797, aged 22 ; B.A., 1801 ; instituted to the 
benefìce of Llanengan, 1822, in succession to Rev. John Roberts, who 
died in 1822, aged 72, and was buried at Llanengan ; resigned 1828 ; 
or the cleric of the same name, who died as Rector of Llanfaethlu, 

' Rev. Griffith Roberts, M.A. (1799-1869), Rector of Rhiw, son of 
Rev. WiUiam Roberts (1761-1836), J.P., D.L. ; matriculated Jesus 
College, Oxford, 1779 ; Rector of Llanddeiniolen ; died at Galltyberen 
near PwUheli. His eldest brother, Lieut.-Col. WiIIiam Roberts (1796- 
1856), 28th Foot, was buried at Llanbedrog. His brother Hugh, born 
1800, was Clerk to the Justices, PwIIheli (p. 53). 

8p. 37. 


50 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Septr 13. Thos. Lloyd Owen Clk Bodfean^ By Jove 
Septi- 13, 1824. J. V. Lloyd Llanciyan 
Do Do Do. R. Ll. Edwards Nanhoron^ 
Septr 15th Edwd Griffith Roberts, Aber. [pp. 53, 55]. 
Sepr 15th. S. O. Priestley, Trefan^ 
Septr 15th. W. Wilhams Vicar of Llannor"* 
do do. O. J. E. Nanney Gwynfryn^ 
do do. Henry W. R. MicheU T.C. Oxford« 
January llth 1853. R. WiHiams Bulkeley, Baron Hih' 
Oct. 8th 1863. James V. Yincent, Dean of Bangor^ 

J. Wynne Jones Archdeacon of Bangor^ 
Noybr 25, 1863. Jas Williams, Llanfairynghornwy. ^" 
Sepr 29, 1865. John Wyatt Watkins, served in Elephant 

1 Rev. Thomas Lloyd Owen (1798-1862), son of Rev. Edward Pugh 
Owen, B.A. (1750-1824), Rector of Llaniestyn (1802-24), was educated 
at Jesus College, Cambridge, and ordained priest, 1824 ; instituted to 
Bodvean, 1824, and to Nevin, 1825 ; resigned, 1842. A monument is in 
Bodvean Church. His elder brother, Rev. John Owen, M.A., J.P., 
D.L., B.A., Jesus College, Oxford (1788-1869), of Hendrefeinws, Aber- 
erch, was Rector of Llaniestyn (1852-68). 

2Richard Lloyd Edwards (1806-76) (p. 39). 

^ Samuel Owen Priestley, Trefan, Llanystumdwy. 

^ Rev. Wiiliam Williams, B.A., held the benefice of Llannor and 
Deneio, 1801-41 ; Rector of Llanengan, 1841-59 ; died October 16th, 
1859, aged 95. 

^ Owen Jones EIIis-Nanney (1790-1870), of Gwynfryn, Criccieth. 

^ Henry William Robinson Michell, (afterwards Luttman-Johnson) 
admitted as a commoner, Trinity CoIIege, Oxford, November lltli, 
1819; elected to an Exhibition, 1820, and to a Scholarship, 1822; 
Fellow, 1830 ; died April 9th, 1868. 

' The lOth Baronet, or his son, afterwards (1875) llth Baronet. 

^ Rev. James Yincent Yincent (1792-1876), Fellow of Jesus College, 
Oxford ; Dean of Bangor, 1862. 

^ Rev. John Wynne Jones, M.A., appointed Archdeacon, 1863. 
■'■'^ Rev. James Williams, son of Rev. John WiIIianis, of Llansadwrn, 
Anglesey ; matriculated Jesus CoIIege, Oxford, 1807, aged 17 ; scholar 
until 1813; B.A., 1810; M.A., 1813-22; B.D., 1820; instituted in 
1821 to Llanddeusant with the chapelries of Llanfairynghornwy and 
Llanbabo ; Chancellor of Bangor, 1851, until his death, March 14th, 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 51 

with Lord Nelson in action ist April 1801 at Copen- 
The Names [original signatures] of the Gentlemen who 
drank the hollow tooth on Wednesday the 9th of May 1827 
at the Celebration of the coming of Age of Richd Lloyd 
Edwards Esqre the meeting having been Postponed from 
the 9th of ApriP owing to the Indisposition of his Father, 
Richard Edwards Esqf 

R Edwards Nanhoron 

G H Yaughan Rug^ 

T. P. Jones Parry Madryn* 

Rd Jones Dinas^ 

T. P. Jones Parry, Capt R.N. 

John Kyffìn Bodfean 

W"^ Mason Carnarfon 

T. Roberts, Hendre^ 

Thos Churchill Fron' 

Edward Carreg Ty-gwyn 

Rob B. MacGregor, Lieut Col 

L. P. J. Parry CoIoneP 

George Johnston, Carnarvon 

Edward Williams Llanraidar 

Bithian Roberts Recfr of Llanddan ? 

1 Doubtless John Wyatt WatHng, Lieut., R.N., 1808; Commander, 
December Ist, 1813 ; served on the Sirius at the capture of the Isles 
of Bourbon and De las Passe in 1810. 

2 A specimen of the glass cups, presented to the tenants of the Nan- 
horon estate on this occasion, is in the possession of Mrs. Alan Gough. 

3 Griffith Howell Yaughan (p. 48). 

* Thomas Parry Jones-Parry (1784—1846), Cajotain, R.N. 

5 p. 54. 

^ Rev. Thomas Roberts, son of Archdeacon John Roberts, of Llan- 
bedrog ; matriculated Hertford College, Oxford, 1783; B.A., 1786; 
M.A., 1788 ; of Hendre, Abererch ; Rector of Llangybi and Llanarmon 

^ Thomas ChurchiU's name is frequent ; he was adjutant of the 
Carnarvon MiUtia. 

^ Sir Love Jones Parry. 

E 2 

52 Two Historic Welsh Ciips 

Robt Jones Llaniestyni 

R: Thos Carreg Cefn y main^ 

RGJones Pwllheli^ 

Ed. Owen Snow Beaumaris 

Griffith Roberts Gallt y-Beran^ 

Captn W. Richards R.N. 

Tho Hughes Surgeon Pwllheh^ 

Griffith Owen Ynwlch'^ 

Griff. Jones PwllheH 

H Richards Clk Llangian^ 

S. O. Priestley, Trefan [p. 50]. 

Richard Dickenson 

John Priestley Trefan 

John Rowlands Plastirion 

B. Edwards Coed Helen 

Wm (?) Evans Tyn-y-Coed 

John Hughes Tynewydd 

Cyril Wilhams^ Llanbedrog 

William Wilhams^ Pwüheh 

D. Wilhams^" Llandwrog 

^ Rev. Robert Jones, Rector of Llaniestyn. 

^ Robert Thomas Carreg, buried at Llannor, 1842. 

^ R. Griffìth Jones, surgeon, PwUheH (p. 35). 

* Rev. Griffith Roberts, M.A., Rector of Rhiw, died January 2nd, 
1869, aged 69 (p. 49). 

^ His name is on the list of the Lleyn and Eifionydd Association for 
the Prosecution of Felons, May 23rd, 181L 

6Rev. Griífith Owen, M.A., J.P. (1784-1853), matriculated Jesus 
College, Oxford, 1803 ; B.A., 1807 ; of Ymwlch, Criccieth ; Rector of 
Penmorfa and Dolbenmaen (1833—53). 

' Rev. Henry Richards, ? he who matrieulated Jesvis College, Oxford, 
1821, aged 21; B.A., 1824; doubtless curate of Llangian ; instituted 
to the benefice of Rhiw and Ceidio, 1836 ; Llanystumdwy, 1855-69. 

^ Attorney-at-law, son of Rev. Peter Wilhams, D.D. (p. 44). 

^ ? WilUam Wilhams, of Brynberllan, aUve 1857. 

^^ Rev. David Williams, B.A., JesiLS CoUege, Cambridge ; ordained 
1818, and Ucensed to the curacy of Llandwrog ; as M.A. he was insti- 
tuted to the benefice of Llandwrog, 1836; died January 22nd, 1865, 
aged 69. 

Two Historic Welsh Ciiỳs 53 

T. Lloyd Owen Clerki Bodfean 
Richd Lloyd Edwards Nanhoron 
J. T. Sewell Carnarvon 
Hugh Roberts Gallt y Beran^ 
David WiUiams Atty, Pwllheh^ 
John Evans Clerk Bottwnog'* 
Jno Jones Mynydd Ednyfed^ 
Revd John Owen Conway^ 
Wm Williams Attry Pwllheli^ 
Robt Lloyd Wern 
Revd W: Lloyd Llanengan^ 
Revd W. Roberts Llanbeulan 
W^ Anwyl Bryn-Adda Meriont^ 
L. M. Bennett Plasyn Rhiwi« 
Geo Betiss, Carnarvon 


Edward Grifhth Roberts, Abergwinguinis 

1 p. 50. 

2p. 49. 

"^ Clerk to the Justices, PwUheli ; afterwards of Castell-Deudraeth, 
Merioneth (p. 40). 

4Rev. John Evans, M.A. (p. 49). 

5 Rev. John Jones, Mynydd Ednyfed, Rector of Criccieth ; ? son of 
Rev. John Jones, late Rector of Criccieth ; entered Manchester Gram- 
mar School, Febrviary 17th, 1775, and matriculated Oriel College, 
Oxford, 1778, aged 19. 

^ Rev. John Owen, son of Rev. Edward Owen, of Conway ; matricu- 
lated Jesas College, Oxford, 1807, aged 18; B.A., 1811 ; M.A., 1814; 
instituted to the benefìce of Conway. 

"' Attorney-at-law. 

8Rev. WiUiam Lloyd (p. 49). 

^Brynadda (p. 18). 

lö Captain Lewis Moore Bennett (1790-1850), OOth Regiment, of Plas- 
yn-Rhiw, served in the 4th Foot on the Walcheren Expedition, through 
the Peninsular Campaign, and in America. He married Jane Ann, 
daughter and heiress of William Wilhams (p. 45). His daughter, Mary 
Ann, married Cyril Wilhams (p. 52) and his daughter, Ehzabeth, 
married David White Griffith (p. 55), at whose residence, Bodegroes, 
he died, and was buried at Llaniior. 

54 Two Historic Welsli Ciiỳs 

List of Ladies and Gentlemen present at the Christening 
of Richd Lloyd Edwards Junr, April 9th 1833 
Mrs Jones Dinas Godmother^ 
J. Lloyd Wynne Esqr Seni",^ God Father 
J. B. Edwards Esqr3 Ditto 

Reyd R. Jones Llaniestyn* Christened the Infant 
Mrs Drew 
Mrs Dickenson 
Miss Laura Thomas 
R Thos Carreg^ 
Capfn Jones, Dinas^ 
Misses Parrys, Madryn 
Misses Jones Llaniestyn 
Captn Bennett' 
Misses Bennett 
S. O. Priestley Es^r.» 
Major Nanney M.P. 
Revd H. Richards» 
Reyd J. Evans Bottwnog^" 
Revd Lloyd Owen^i 
Robt Jones Esqr Jun^.i^ 
Dr Jones^^ 

Cyril Wilhams Esqri^ 
W. H. Holland Esqr. 
Mrs Lloyd Edwardsi^ 
R Lloyd Edwards Es^r.i^ 

^ Dinas. 

2 John Lloyd Wynne, of Cood Coch, co. Denbigh, father of Mrs. 
Lloyd Edwards. This child became Captain in the 68th Regt. and was 
líiUed before Sebastopol, May llth, 18.55. 

^ John Browning Edwards, uncle of the child. 

4p. 47. 5p_35, 6p, 5i_ 7p 53 

8 p. 50. 9 p. 52. 1" p. 49. 

^^ Kev. Thomas Lloyd Owen (p. 50). 
•^- Probably of Llaniestyn. 
13 R. GrifHth Jone:^ (p. 35). 
1* p. 52. ^^ Parents of the child. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 55 

All the above are in the handwriting of the same person, 
as are most of the later pages. 

Nanhoron 9th April 1838 
Robert Thomas Carreg Esqi"i 
S. O. Priestley2 
L. M. Bennett^ 

Patrick Ogilvie Carnegy Gelliwig 
Charles Caldecot'* 
Thomas E. Roberts'^ 
David White Grifíìth« 
Griffìth Glynne Grifath' 
James Griffìth' 
Cyril Williams^ 
Edwd Griffìth Roberts^ 
Thomas ChurchilP" 
Revd John RyffinH 

— Lloyd Owen^^ 

— John Evans Aberdaron^^ 

— John Evans Botwnog^* 
Revd Robt Jones Junr.i^^ 

— Henry Richards^^ 
John Browning Edwards 
Richd Lloyd Edwards 

All in the same handwriting. 

ip. 35. 2p. 50, 3p_53_ 4p. 44. 

^Thomas Edward Roberts (1812-90), of Hendre, Abererch. 

^(1816-70) Chief Constable of Anglesey, son of William Glynne 
Griflfith, attorney-at-Iaw, of Caernarvoii ; matriculated Je.sus College, 
Oxford, 1835; B.A., 1839. His godfather, Robert Morris, M.D., sur- 
geon, of Pwllheli (died 1828), left him Sygyn in Nanmor (p. 30). 

' Brothers of David White Griffith. 

8 p. 53. 9 p. 53. 10 p. 51. 11 p. 37. l^ p. 50. 

l^ Instituted, 1837, to Aberdaron with the chapehy of Llanfaelrhys ; 
suceeeded in 1852 by Rev. Hugh Roberts, B.A. 

14 p. 49. 

l^ Probably of Llaniestyn. 

16 p. 52. 

56 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Pasted on tlie page is a letter from John Evans/ of 
Bottwnog, dated April 9tii, apologising for his absence 
from the birthday party of Richard Lloyd Edwards, in 
consequence of a bad cough. 

Nanhoron 9th April 1839 

Richard Lloyd Edwards Esqre 

Majr Geni Sir love Parry^ J. Wilhams Esqr,^ High 

Revd Jno Evans=^ Sheriff 

Captn Thos Roberts [Royal W R. T. Carregi» 
Carnarvon Rifie Corps]. — S. O. Priestly^^ 
G. Glynne Grifíìth^ RevdMr Jones Llaniestyni^ 

Mr David Griffith^ Mr Carnegy 

— David Williams U. — John Ryffìn 
Sheriff« Revd Griífìth Roberts^^^ 

Revd Robert Jones Junr.'^' — Thomas Owen^* 
Mr Cyril Winiams^ Mr John Priestlyi^ 

— Edward Roberts Revd Henry Richards^^ 

— Churchill 

John Browning Edwards Esqre 

1 p. 49. 

^ Sir Love Parry Jones-Parry. 

^ p. 49 or 55. * p. 57. 

^ David Griffith, Hendre, Llanor. 

6David Williams (p. 40). 

■^ Probably soii of the Rcctor of Llaniestyn (bclow). 

« p. 52. 

^ John Wilhams, Hendregadredd, Ynyscynhaiarn. 
l*^ p. 35. " p. 50. 

^- Rev. Robert Jones, M.A., institutcd to Llaiücstyn and chapehùes, 

^^ Rev. Griffith Roberts, M.A., instituted to the benefice of Bryncroes, 
1836, and to Rhiw with Llandudwen, 1837 ; died January 2nd, 1869. 
1* p. 50. 

^^ John Priestley, of Hirdrefaig. 
^^ ]). 52. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 57 

Nanhoron 9tli April 1840 
R. Lloyd Edwards Esgrei 
R. T. Carreg Esgr^ — Russell Esqr. 

Revd Jno Owen.^ Rev. Thos [Lloyd] Owen.^ 

— Richards Llanengan Revd J. Evans, Aberdaron.i'* 
Cyril Wilhams Esqi"* — G. Roberts, Rhiw.^i 

LtGriffith 37Regt5 Lt Caldecot, R.N.i^ 

Captn Thos Roberts Royal Carnarvon Rifle Corps 
David Griffith Esqr, Hendre Llannor 
Griffith ap Glynn Griffith*' Bodegroes Esqr. 
S. O. Priestley Esqr,'' Trefan 
Revd R: Jones,^ Llaniestyn 
P: O: Carnegy Esqr Gelliwig 
Thos Churchill Royal Carnarvon [Mihtia] 
John Ryffin 
John Browning Edwards, Vice-President. 

Nanhoroni3 i2th April 1841 
R. Lloyd Edwards Es^re 
W. B. Hughes Esqre, M.P.i* D. W. Griffith Es^n^ High 


1 In this year a presentation was made to him of a silver venison 
dish (made in 1837-8) for making the new road in 18,39 to Nanhoron. 

2p. 35. 

^ Rev. John Owen, instituted to the benefice of Bodvean, 1824. 

4 p. 52. 

^ WiUiam Glynne Grifîith, whose commissions in the 37th Foot were: 
Ensign, February 27th, 1835 ; Lieut., November 17th, 1837 ; retired 
1840; baiDtized February 9th, 1813. 

•5 ? brother of David White Grififith (p. 55). 

7 p. 50. 8 p_ 56_ 9 p. 5(j. 10 p 55 

11 p. 56. 12 p. 44. 

i^ Good Friday falUng on the 9th April. 

l'*William Bulkeley Hughes of Plascoch, Anglesey ; elected 1837, 
and re-elected, 1852, 1857, 1865, and 1868. 
15 David White Griíîìth (pp. 55, 58). 


Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Revd J . Owen ^ Llanbcdrog 
,, Evans- Bottwnog 
„ Evans^ Aberdaron 
,, John Hughes^ Bot- 


,, John Parry Edern''"' 
,, Lloyd Owen^ 

Griff. G. Griffith Esqr 
Charles Caldecot Esqre.7 
Hugh Wilhams Esqr M.D. 
P. O. Carnegy Esqi"e. 
Alexander Lloyd 
Thos Churchill, Ri C. Ma. 

Sir Love Parry^ 
H. H. Hughes^ 
G. G. Griffith 
T. E. Robertsi" 
T. Lloyd Owen^i 

April 9tii 1842 

R Ll Edwards 

D. W. Griffithi2 
John Owen 
J. Priestleyi^ 
Ch: Caldecott^^ 

Thos Elhs 
J. Browning Edwards 

^ Rev. John Owen, M.A., suceeeded Rev. John Kyffin (p. 37) at 
Llanbedrog, 1838 ; succeeded, 1852—80, by Rev. Thomas Csesar Owen, 
B.A. (1828), Jestis College, Oxford ; previousl.v perpetual curate of 
Gyfìfin, 1836-52 ; died 1883. 

^ Rev. John Evans (p. 55). 

^ Rev. John Evans (p. 49). 

* Rev. John Hughes, M.A., instituted to the benefice of Meillteyrn 
cum Bottwnog, 1836 ; son of John Huglies, of Llanllechid ; matricu- 
lated Jesus College, Oxford, 1815, aged 18; scholar, 1817-22; B.A., 
1819 ; Rector of Llanystumdwy, 1848-55, and died there. 

^ Rev. John Parry Jones Parry, matriculated Christ Chm'cli, 
Oxford, 1807, aged 18; B.A., 1811 ; M.A., 1814; instituted to per- 
petual curacy of Nevin, 1820 ; transferred to living of Edeyrn witli 
Chapels of Carngiwch and Pistyll, 1821; and to Llangelynin, Merioneth, 
1827 ; died March 6th, 1865. 

^ Rev. Thomas Lloyd Owen (]>. 50). 

' p. 44. 

^ Sir Love Jones Parry. 

^ H. Hmiter Hughes. 

^•^ Thomas Edward Roberts, Hendre, Abererch. 
11 Rev. Thomas Lloyd Owen (p. 50). 







Two Historic Welsh Cups 59 

April lOth 1843 (9th falling on Sunday) 
R Lloyd Edwards 
Major Nanney Cyril Williams Esq^ 

S. O. Priestley Esqi T. E. Roberts Esq^ 

Major Bennett^ John Ellis Es^^'^ 

P. O. Carnegey Esq H. H. Hughes Esqi^ 

J. Griffith Esq., Llanfair^ Charles Caldecott Esq^2 
D. White Griffith Esq^ Thos Elhs Esq 

Reyd Wilhams Poole^ Evans Aberdaron^^ 

T. Lloyd Owen" Evans Bottwnog^'* 

Robt Jones Junior^ 

John Priestley Esqri5 Vice-President 

April 2lst 1843. 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards Birthday 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Mr and Mrs David Griffithi" P. O. Carnegy Esq 
Miss Stodarti' Major Bennett^o 

Win P. Lloyd Esq Llwy- Gilbert Bailey Conway Esq 

diarth^^ Revfi Henry Richards^^ 

Alexander Lloyd Esq Do.^^ 

R Lloyd Edwards Senior & Junior 

1 p. 50. 2 p 53 3 p_ 49_ 4 p 55 

^ Rev. William James Poole, M.A., died as Rector of Aberffraw, 
Anglesey, 1872. 

ö Rev. Thomas Lloyd Owen (p. 50). 

' p. 54. 8 p_ 52. 

^ Thomas Edward Roberts, Hendre, Abereroh. 

10 Possibly John Elhs (1820-83), of Rhyllech, later of Chudleigh, Devon. 

11 H. Hiinter Hughes. 

12 p. 44. 13 p. 55. 14 p. 49. 15 p. 56. 
1" David White Griffith (pp. 55, 58). 

l^ a daughter of Rev. Robert Stodart. 

i^WiUiam Pritehard Lloyd (1794-1804), of Llwydiarth, Llanerchy- 
medd ; High Sheriff of Anglesej^ 1819. 
i^ His son, Alexander. 
20 p. 53. 21 p. 52. 

6o Two Historic Welsh Cups 

April 9th 1844 

Miss Stodart^ Thomas Ellis Esqr. 

Miss Lloyd Edwards H. H. Hughes Esqr.6 

Miss C. W. Edwards Revd John Evans' 

Revd R. Jones Senior- Revd G. Roberts^ 

Do. Junior^ P. O. Carnegie Esq 

S. O. Priestley Esqr^ Revd — Pugh Abererch^ 

Cyril WilHams Esqr5 David W. Griffìth Esqi° 

T. E. Roberts Esqr Owen Evans Es^m 

John Rowlands Esqr R. Lloyd Edwards 
John Elhs Esqr. 

August 6th 1844 
Mr and Mrs Carnegy 
Miss & Master Do 
Cyril Wihiams Esqrei2 
Master Do 

Revd Robert Jones Junri^ Llaniestyn 
Miss Mary Jones Do 
Revd John Owen^* 
Masters W™ & Edward Owen 
Thomas Love Duncombe Jones Parry Esqri5 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards. 
R. Lloyd Edwards Esqr 
Master Lloyd Edwards 
The Misses Lloyd Edwards 

1 p. 59. 2 p_ 47_ 3 p 5g, 

4 p. 50. 5 p. 52. 

'' H. Hunter Hughes. 
^ p. 49 or 55. ^ p. 56. 

^ Rev. David Pugh, B.A., instituted to the benefice of Abererch, 
1841 ; succeeded in 1876 by Rev. Z. P. WiUiamson, B..4. 

10 David White Griffitli (p. 55). 

11 Owen Evans, of Broomhall, near Pwllheli. 

12 p. .52. 13 p. 56. 14 p. 57. 

l^ of Madryn ; M.P. for Caernarvon Boroughs, 1868-74 and 188J-6 ; 
created a Baronet 1886. 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 


Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Revd Jno Oweni 
John Ellis Esqr2 
Hunter Hughes Es^r. 
Reyd T. Lloyd Owen^ 
Reyd R. Jones Junr.* 
Cyril WilHams Esqr.5 
D. White Griffith Es^r. 

April 9th 

Miss Stodart. 

J. Browning Edwards Esq. 
Major L. M. Bennett' 
Captn T. Roberts [see p. 56]. 
P. O. Carnegy Esqre. 
Reyti Jûo Evans^ 
Thos ElHs Esqr Soh. 
' Mr Churchill. 

James Moore Bennett (aHas Dr Browne) 
R. Lloyd Edwards Esqre. 

Christmas Day 1847 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 

Evan Lloyd Esqre 

Revd Jno Evans Gehiwig^ 

Hunter Hughes Esqre. 

Miss Stoddart 

Major Bennetti" 

P. O. Carnegy Esqre. 

Thos Evans Esqre, Denbigh 

Thos Churchill Esqre. 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqre Junr. 


lOth 48 


Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

Mrs John Priestley 

Revd Robert Jonesi^ 

Revd Lloyd Oweni^ 

1 p. 58. 2 p. 59. 

3 p. 50. 

4 p. 54. 5 p. 52. 

6 pp. 55, 58. 

' ? p. 53. 

^ p. 49 or 55. 

8 p. 49. 10 p. 53. 

11 p. 54. 12 p. 50. 


Two Historic Welsh Cnps 

John Priestley Esq 
Revd John Evansi 
Robt Lloyd Esq Wigaedd 
H. H. Hughes Esq 
J. Ryffin Esq 

Cyril Wms Esq2 
Revd R. Jones Junior^ 
Rev'i Pugh'i 
Revd J. Hughes^ 
John Jones Esq 

R. Lloyd Eds. 

Christmas Day 1848 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards. 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqre. 

P. O. Carnegy Esqre. 

Hunter Huglies Esqre. 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqr Jun. 

Miss Stoddart 
D. W. Griffith Esqre6 
Reyd Jno Evans' 
Thos Ehis Esqre 
Thos Churchill Esq. 

P. Alexander Carnegy Esqre 

Miss C. W. Edwards 

Miss Stoddart 

S. O. Priestley Esqre8 High 

Evan Lloyd Esqre. 
Revd Lloyd Owen» 
P. O. Carnegy Esqr 
John Jones Esqr. 

April 9th 1849 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

Miss Jones Llaniestyn 
Miss Jane Jones Do. 
Revci John Owen^" 
Revd John Evansii 
John Ryffin Esqr. 
Revd Robert Jones^^ 
— Wade Esqre. 
Owen Evans Esqr.i3 



2p. 52. 3p. 54. i 



•* p. 55. " p. 49. 



High SheriR' of co. Caernarvon, 1849-50 



•0 p. 58. 11 p. 49. 

12 p. 


13 p. 60. 

p. 60. 

Two Historic Welsh Cttps 63 

Cyril Williams Esqr.i Thos Chiirchill Esq. 

Revd — Pugh^ Benjamin ElHs Esqi'e.3 

Himter Hughes Esq. D. White Griíhth Esqi"e.^ 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqre. 

April 9th 1850 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Sir Love Parry'^ S. O. Priestley Esqrei3 

Revd John Owen*^ Revíl T. Lloyd Owen^^ 

Cyril WilHams Esqre.' Revti John E^ans^^ 

Revd Griíììth Roberts^ Rev'i Jno Hughes Llan- 

Benjn EHis Esqre.9 giani** 

Captn Thomas Roberts^" — Rennedy Esqre 

Revd Robert Jones Junr.ii John Jones Esqi"e 
Owen Evans Esqre.i2 'Rç.y. — Pugh^' 

Hugh Lloyd Esqre. John Eyffìn Esqre. 

Thos Churchill Esqre. 
R. Lloyd Edwards Esqre. 

Christmas 1850 
Richd Lloyd Edwards Esqre 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards Miss C. W. Edwards 

Miss Stoddart P. O Carnegy Esqre. 

1 p. 52. 2 p_ 6Q 

^ Benjamin Ellis, of Rhyllech, solieitor at Pwllheli. 
4p. 55. 5p gi_ 6p_5s_ 'p. 52. 

8 p. 49. ** above. l» p. 56. " p. 54. 

12 p. 60. 13 p. 50. 1* p. 50. 15 p. 49. 

l^ Rev. John Hughes, B.A., Trinity College, Dublin, and Brasenose 
CoUege, Oxford ; ordained deacon, 1847, and priest, 1848 ; appointed 
curate at Llangian, 1847. One John Hughes is described in the admis- 
sions of Trinity College for March 3rd, 1834 (aged 22), as the son of 
James Hughes, farmer ; born in Staffordshire ; he obtained the degree 
of B.A., 1838. 
17 p. 60. 

64 Two Historic Wclsh Ciips 

Reyíi Jno Evans^ G. Lorimer Evans Es^r. 

Hunter Hughes Es^^e Harry Carnegy do. 

Rd Lloyd Edwards Esqr RevdJ. Hughes Llangian^ 

Thos Churchill Esqre. 

On the opening of Llangwnadle Church 

December lOth 1850 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Mrs Lloyd Owen Revd Lloyd Owen'' 

Mrs Jno Priestley John Priestley Esqre7 

Mrs Jno Jones John Jones, do Surgeon 

Miss C. W. Ll Edwards J. O. J. Priestley Esqre8 

Miss C. A. LL Edwards G. Lorimer Evans Esqre. 

Revd John Evans^ Revd Henry Richards^ 

H. Rennedy Esqre. John Ryffin Esqre 

B. EiHs Esqre4 T. E. Roberts Esqreio 

Mrs Rochfort. H. Hunter Hughes Esqre 

Cyril Wiüiams Esqre5 Miss C. W. Ll. Edwards 

Richd Lloyd Edwards Esqre , 

April lOth 1852 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Revd Lloyd Owen^^ P. O. Carnegy Esq 

Revd John E^ans^^ B. T. EUis Esqi5 

Cyril Wilhams Esq^^ John Ryffin Esq 

Henry Carnegy Esq H. H. Hughes Esq 

John Jones Esq Miss F. S. Carmichael 

Owen Evans Esq^* 

R. Lloyd Edwards 

1 p. 49. 2 p_ 63. 3 p 49 4 p 63. 

5 lì. 52. 6 p. 50. 7 p 56. 

8 J. Owen Jones Priestley, Ensign, 65th Foot, 1851 ; Lieut., 1853; 
Captain, 1858 ; retired by sale of his commission, 1867. 

9 p. 52. 10 p. 55. 11 p. 50. 12 p. 49. 
13 p. 52. 1* p. 60. 15 p. 63. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 65 

October 26th 1852 

The hollow Tooth was drank by 
Richd Lloyd Edwards Esqre 
Rd Lloyd Edwards Esqr, 68th Lt Infantryi 
Benjn Thos Elhs Es^^.^ 
Thomas Churchill Esqi", R.C.Ma. 

April 9th 1853 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Revd Lloyd Owen^ Miss Carmichael 

B. Constable EHis Esqre.4 Cyril WiHiams Esqie.8 
Thomas Roberts Esqre.5 John Priestley Esqre.9 

Revd D. Pugh*^ P. O. Carnegy Esqi"e 

Owen Evans Esqre'? James Carnegy Esqre. 

Hunter Hughes Esqre. John Jones Esqre, Surgeon 

Thos Churchill Es^r, Ri Thos EUis Esqr Soli". 
Carnarvon Mil^. Rev: John Hughes (above) 

Rd Lloyd Edwards Esqre 

August 6th 1853 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Major O. J. Elhs Nanney^" John Priestley Esqre. 
H. Hunter Hughes Esqr. Revd Hugh Roberts,^^ Aber 

Thomas Churchiü Esqr daron. 

R. Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 


p. 52. » p. 56. 

^^ (1790-1870) Major in the Army ; of Gwynfryn, Llanystumdwy. 
-^^ Rev. Hugh Roberts, B.A., appointed Vicar of Aberdaron, 1852 ; 
son of Edward Roberts, of Llanaber, gent. ; matriculated Jesus College, 
Oxford, 1829, aged 19 ; died 1890. 

ip. 67. 2p. 63. 


* of Rbyllech, PwUheli. 

5p. 55. 6p 60. 


8 p. 52. » p. 56. 


Two Historic Welsh Cups 

The following Members of the PwllheH Birthday Com- 
mittee dined at Nanhoron this day 3lst of December 1853. 
Rd Lloyd Edwards Esqre 

Richard Elhs Esqre. 
Thomas EHis Esqre. 
Reyd. Robert Jones^ 
Mr Griffith Jones 
Mr Thos Hughes 
Mr David Evans 
Mr Owen Owen 
Mr Evan WiUiams 

Griffith Jones Esqre. 
John Jones 
Mr Wm Jones 
Mr Michael Roberts 
Mr Owen Evans 
Mr Robert Evans 
Mr David Wilhams 
Mr Evan Anwyl 

Mr John Evans 

Thomas ChurchiH Esqre. 

April lOth 1854 
]\Irs Lloyd Edwards 

Revd Lloyd Owen^ 
Revd Griffith Roberts^ 
P. O. Carnegy Esqre. 
David Homfry Esqre.'i 
Henry Moon Esqre. 
Revd David Pugh^ 
Revd Jno Hughes'' 
Benjn T. Ehis Esqre.7 
Thos Churchill Esqr. 

Cyril Wilhams Esqr.s 
Captn Griffith Ri Carnar- 

von M. 
James Carnegy Esqr. 
H. Hunter Hughes Esqr. 
Owen Evans Esqr.^ 
Thomas Ehis Esqre. 
Thomas Roberts Esqr. i'' 
John Jones Esqr, Surgeon 
Revci H. Roberts Aber- 

daron ^ ^ 
Richard Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 

^ One Rev. Robert Jones, M.A., was given the benefice of MeiUteyrn 
and Bottwnog, 1848 ; another cleric of the same name, appointed to 
Llaniestyn with chapelries, 1824. 

2 p. 50. 3 p. 56. 

** David Homfray, soHcitor, Portmadoc. 

^ p. 60. 
^ p. 60. 

6 p. 63. 
10 p. 55. 


p. 63. 
p. 65. 

p. 5: 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 67 

Christmas Day 1854 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards. 
Thomas Churchill H. Hunter Hughes 

Miss Lloyd Edwards Miss C. A. Lloyd Edwards 

Francis W. Lloyd Edwards Miss ]\L E. Lloyd Edwards 

Richard Lloyd Edwards 

Attack on " Sebastopol " commenced 
April 9th 1855 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards Miss M. A. Lloyd Edwards 

John Priestley Esqre. Revd Jno Owen^ 

P. O. Carnegy Esqre. Revd Lloyd Owen' 

David Homfry Esqre. 1 H. Hunter Hughes Esqre. 

Rev<i Sylvan E^ans^ Cyril Wilhams Esqre.8 

Revd Robt Jones» Revd Griffith Roberts» 

Jno Jones Esqre, Surgeon Thomas Roberts Esqre. i» 

— Jenkin Esqre. Thomas Elhs Esqre. 

Edward Owen Esqr, Llan- Owen Evans Esqr.ii 

iestyn Thomas ChurchiH Esqr. 

Revd David Pugh* 
Benjamin Ehis Esqre.5 

Richard Lloyd Edwards Esqre 

April 14th 1855 

}Drank the Hollow Tooth in honor of 
Capt Edwards's appointment to his 

1 p. 66. 

2 Rev. Silvan Evans (1818-1903), the well-known Welsh scholar and 
Iexicographer, whose connection with Lleyn began some two years after 
leaving Lampeter College, as Curate (1848-52) of Llandegwning and 
Penllech and (1852-62) of Llangian. He was appointed Rector of 
Llanymawddy, 1862, and Llanwrin, 1876. 

3 p. 66. * p. 60. '" p. 63. ^ p. 58. " p. 50. 
8p. 52. 9p.49. lOp. 55. lip. 60. 

12 A monument to Captain Richard Lloyd Edwards, 68th Regiment of 
Light Infantry, buried üi the Crimea, is in Llangian Church. 

F 2 

68 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

April 9. 1857 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards Thos Churchill Esqre. 

John Priestley Esqre. R. Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 

H. Hunter Hughes Esqre. 

April 9th 1858 
Richard Lloyd Edwards Es^r. 
Thomas ChurchiU Esqr. 

/D. W. Griffith \ 

\Thomas Churchill J" 

dined here 

12th October 1858 

New Year's Day, 1859 
R. Lloyd Edwards 
Thomas Churchill 
H. H. Hughes 

October 12th 1859 
Colonel Edwards's Birthday 
This day 30 years took the hounds to Foel Fawr to meet 
Birthday Party. 

Christmas Dav 1859 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

Thomas Churchill Esqr Miss M. A. Lloyd Edwards 

F. W. Lloyd [Edwards] Es^r Miss Carmichael 

Robt. Carreg Esqr. Miss M. EHzth Lloyd Ed- 

R. Lloyd Edwards 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 69 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards. 
Pwllheli"^ Captain Carreg Miss Lloyd Edwards 
Voli- yLieutenant H. Thos Churchill Esqr. 

. Rifles J Hunter Hughes. 

F. Wm Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 
Rd Lloyd Edwards Esqre. 

April gth 1861 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Miss Lloyd Edwards Captain Priestley,^ 65 Regi- 

Dr H. Hunter Hughes ment 

F. W. Lloyd Edwards Esqr. Revd Sylvan Evans^ Llan- 
Revci David Pugh.^ gian 

Thos Churchill Esqr. 
R. Lloyd Edwards Esq. 


9th 1863 

Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

Miss C. W. Edwards 

F. W. Lloyd Edwards 


R. H. Harden Esqre. 

Captn Hunter Hughes, 

Pwllheli Volunteer Rifles 

Thomas Churchill Esqi 


Richd Lloyd Edwards Esqr. 

Apríl 9th 1865 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Capt. D. W. Grifíìth* Revd D. Pugh' 

1 p. 60. 

2 John Oweu Pi'iestley. 

3p. 67. ^p, 55_ 5p. 60. 

70 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Capt. H. H. Hughes^ Miss Carmichael 

Rev. T. H. Richards^ 
R. Lloyd Eds. 
J. G. Wynn Griffith, BrynodoP 
Annabella Sarah Wynn Griffith 19th Jann- 1867. 
Feby 9th 1867. 

A. Jones WiUiams,'* High Sheriff of Carnarvon 

G. T. Picton-Jones^ Undersheriff 

Benjn Thos Ellis^ 

Robert Carreg Cefnmine' April 4th 67 

EHis Anwyl Owen^ Parciau Hneal dcendant of the 

Anwyls of Park^ April 4 1867 
H. J. EHis Nanney,io Plashên. May 1 1867 
Thos Wilham Roberts, Somerset House, London. 

May 1/67 
Thomas Caesar Owen, B.A.^^ Rector of Llanbedrog 
Octr 7th 1867. 

9 April 1867 
R. Lloyd Edwards 
Thos: E. Roberts Revd O. Lloyd WiHiams^^ 

Llewelyn Price Jones Dr Hunter Hughes. 

^ Captam Hunter Hiighes (p. 69). 

2 Rev. Thomas Hardy Richards, of St. Bees College ; ordained deacon, 
1852, and priest, 1853 ; Cm-ate at Dolbenmaen and Llanystumdwy ; 
Curate of Llangian ; Reetor of Rhiw. 

^ For Brynodol, see p. 18. 

•* Abram Jones WiIIiams, of Gelliwig, in Lleyn, High Sheriff, 1867-8 ; 
yoimger brother of David WiIIiams of Castell Deudraeth, ^Mer. 

5 Solicitor, PwIIheli. 

6 p. 63. 

' Near Pwllheli. 

^ Sold Parcia, Criccieth ; died May 23rd, 1878. 

^ Park, Llanfrothen. 

■^" Hugh John EIIis Nanney, created a baronet, 1897. 
^^ Appointed Rector of Llanbedrog, 1852. 

^2 Rev. Owen Lloyd Williams, M.A., Jesus College, Oxford ; instituted 
to the Iiving of Bodvean, 1862. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 71 

Revd David Pughi B. T. Ellis^ 

Revíi T. Hardy Richards^ G Picton Jones* 
Richard Edwards Priestley 

April 9tli 1868 

D. W. Griffith^ C.C. [Chief Constable] of Anglesey 

E. W. Griffith 

April 8, 1868 

A letter from Thomas Churchiü wishing Mr Lloyd 
Edwards many happy returns of April 9th, adding that he 
will drink out of the tumbler, given to him on April 9th 
1827, the toast drank from the Hollow Tooth on that day, 
" How few of the party now remain to do so and what 

August 13th 1868. 

Anne Lucy Roberts 
Lucy Emily Roberts 
Maria Constance Roberts 
Thomas Edward Roberts 
T. J. Wynn Glynn, /686 
Charles Wiüiam Bulkeley, Baron HìW 
Thos Knox Holmes. Novr 12th 1868. 
Arthur B. Leech, late Major J.R.V. in London. 12 
Novr 68 

Ip. 60. ^p. 63. 3p_ 7Q, 4p 7(j_ 

5 p. 55. 

6 Hon. Thomas Jolin Wynn (1840-78), son of the 3rd Baron New- 

''Diedm 1892, aged 50. 


Two Historic Welsh Cups 

June 16th 1869 
M. Ll. E, F. W. Ll. E. 
Revd Thos Jones, Llanen- J. Evans Hughes Esq 

gan^ T. Hunter Hughes Esq 

B. Thos ElHsä O. Owen Esq3 

H. H. Hughes Esq. 

R Ll Edwards* 

B. T. Elhs 
Owen Evans 
Thos H. Hughes 
H. H. Hughes 

9th April 1870 

M. LL E. 

Owen Wilhams 

Thos H. Richards 

David Pugh 

John Evans Hughes 
R. Ll. E. 

June 16, 1870 
M. Ll. E. Georgey S. Ll. E. 

H. H. Hughes Esq. 

John Ehis Esq Chudleigh 

R. J. Harden 

Revd D. Pugh. 
B. T. EUis. 
Revd Thos Richards 
George Harden. 

F. W. Ll. E. & R. Ll. E. 

W. T. Trench. 

November, 28, 1870 

Fred W. Browne. 

^ Rev. Thomas Jones, B.A. ; instituted to the living of Llanengan, 

" This and other names on this page are included earlier. 

^ Owen Owen, solicitor, PwUheli. 

^ In this year a silver frviit dish (at Nanhoron) was presented to the 
House of Nanhoron by old and valued friends out of the surplus fund 
subscribed for his portrait. 

Two Historic Welsh Cups 73 

April lOth 1871 (pro 9tii being Easter Sunday) 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Miss C. Wynne Edwards 
D. W. Griffith/ C.C. Co. of Anglesey. 
Thos Edwd Roberts 
T. H. Hughes 

Revd Thos Richards (Rhiw)^ 
Capt H. T. Jones 81st Regt. [Hugh Thomas Jones, 

Lieut. 81st Foot (Loyal Lincoln \'ols.), 1863 ; Capt, 

81st ; on half-pay as Major, 1880]. 
George Harden 
G. Picton Jones 
Edwd Owen, nee Llaniestyn 
LleweHyn Jones. 

R. Lloyd Edwards. 

Mary Georgina Lloyd Edwards^ was born 5.50 a.m. 
this day at Beaufort Gardens, London — April lOth 1871. 

WiIIiam Johnson* 
Harriott Trench July 7, 1872. 
Guy N. Atkinson Aug. 4th 74. Caugort. 85*^ Light 

June 16th 1871 
The Reynd T. Jones^ Mrs Lloyd Edwards 

Reynd T. H. Richards^ Miss Anne Hughes 

Captn Jones Miss Jane Hughes 

1 p. 55. 2 p, 70. 

^ The present owner of the cup ; married C'ol. Alan Percy George 
Gough, of GelHwig. 

* Ilev. William Johnson, M.A., of Llandegwning and Llaniestjm ; 
Canon Residentiary of Bangor. 

s p. 72. 6 p_ 70. 


Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Doctor Hughes 

T. H. Hughes Esqre 

B. T. Ellis Esqre 

F. W. Browne Esqre. 

Reynd WiHiam Johnson 

Captn Glynne Grifhth 

F. W. Lloyd Edwards 

Mrs Francis W. 

Richard Lloyd 
Mrs Jones 

Miss Blanche Trench 
Miss Jones 
Miss Lucy Roberts 
Miss Maria Roberts 
Mrs Emily Roberts 
Miss Diana Roberts 
Mrs. Johnson 

Lloyd Edwards 

Edwards Esqre 


Miss EHzabeth Hughes 
Miss Emily Roberts 
Miss EHzabeth Roberts 

Christmas Day 1872 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Miss Blanche Trench 
Mr F. W. Ll. Edwards 
F. J. Harden 
George Harden 
F. W. Lloyd Edwards 
R. Lloyd Edwards 

H . . . Griffith 
Dr Hughes 
W. Johnson 

9th April 1873. 
M. Ll. E. 

J. Wynn Griffith 
D. Homfray 

R. Ll. E. 

F. W. Ll. E. 

June 16th 1873 
M. Ll. E. 

G. S. Ll. Eds. 

Two Historic Welsh Cuỳs 75 

Revd Thos Jones RD Canon Johnson 

Dr H. H. Hughes Mr Carreg 

Revd T. H. Richards 

R. Ll. Eds 

Xmas Day '73 
M. Ll. E. 

Mrs Isabella Martin. F. W. Ll. E. 

G. S. Lloyd Eds. 
R. LL E. 

New Year's Day, 1874 
Mr & Mrs Johnson. 
Mrs Roberts' 
Miss Di & PoUy Roberts. 
B. T. ElHs & Herbert EUis . . . 
G. S. Lloyd Eds. 
F. W. Lloyd Eds. 

R. Ll. E. 

April 9th 1874 
R. Ll. E. 
Dr Hunter Hughes Revd Canon Johnson 

Captain Owen Revd T. H. Richards 

Dr T. Hunter Hughes Revd D. Hughes 

Benjamin Ellis Esqre 

C. F. Priestley 

The Rural Dean 

Dr & Mrs Evans Hughes 

Major Carnegie & Son 

Revd David Pugh 

Revd & Mrs T. Csesar Owen 

Mrs Roberts & Son. 

76 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

June 16th 1874 

M. Ll. E. 
Revd Canon Johnson Dr H. Hughes 

J. Hunter Hughes Esq Revd Peter Jones 

Capt. Llewellyn Owen G. S. Lloyd Edwards 

F. W. Ll. E. Revd Hardy Richards 

R. Ll. E. 

June 24, 1874 

Success to Mr & Mrs Frank Lloyd Edwards — ^the 
anniversary of their wedding. 

Wm W. E. Wynne, of Peniarth 

Margt Lucy Whitaker July 16th 1874 

July 16th 1874 
Mrs Lloyd Edwards 
Mr & Mrs Carreg. 
Mrs Francis Ll. Edwards 
Mr & Mrs Jones Wilhams 
F. W. Lloyd Edwards Esqre 
Rural Dean & Mrs Jones 
Fred. W. Browne 

Mrs Roberts & Miss Emily Roberts 
Mr, Mrs & Miss Osborne WiHiams 
Dr & Mrs Hughes, Nevin 
Dr Hughes & the Misses H., Penmaen 
Dr Hunter Hughes & Miss Jane Hughes 

B. T. ElHs Esqre, High Sheriff 
Canon & Mrs Johnson 

Miss Whitaker 

C. & A. Owen Esqres. [Cledwyn & Arthern] 
Mr & Mrs Goodacre 

Miss WilHams 

Two Historic Welsh Ciips 77 

Reynd Csesar & Mrs Owen & Mrs Wyatt 
Reynd Hardy Richards 
Reynd D. & Mrs Hughes. 

Richard Lloyd Edwards Esqre 

April 9, 1875 

R. Ll. E. 

Captain White Griffith Revd Canon Johnson 

Benjamin ElHs Esqre T. Roberts Esqre 

O. Owens Esqre Dr T. Hughes 

Coln Owen Esqre. Revd T. Richards 

C. F. Priestley David Homphray Esqre 

R. Carreg Esqre Revd David Hughes 

F. W. Ll. E. 
The Revd T. Jones called. 
Llewelyn Turner, 

29th August 1875 

Pasted at the back is this original bill : 

Colo Edwards 

To D Ricei 
Octr 14th & I5th. 2 Hunt Dinners 

2 Do R. Ll. Edwards 
Gray Horse Hay 3/-, Corn 3/- 
Carriage do. 6/-, Corn 6/- 
R. Ll. Edwards's do. 6/-, do 9/9 
Muffins & Bread 4/-, Butter & 

Eggs 2/3 
5 Luncheons 5/-, Sandwich 1/- 

^ Probably David Rice, Pwllheli, a .supporter of the Caernarvonshire 
Agricultural Society at Pwllheli, May 13th, 1808 {North Wales Gazette\. 

















78 Two Historic Welsh Cups 

Biskuits 1/6, Cakes 1/-, Cold Meat 3/- 5 6 

3 Bottles of Wine 

4 Dinners to the Maides 
Servant Men eating & drinking 

14, Chaise to Nanhoron 
16. Do 

Hunt Total 
Novr 6 Mrs and Miss Edwards Tea 
2 Servants do 

Coachman Supr & ale 1/8, Break- 

fast 1/- 
Hay & Corn 

Post Horses to Nanhoron 
7. 3 Teas 

Servant eating & drink 
Post Horses & Chaise 

Total of Both £11 4 10 

I am indebted for information to Lord Mostyn ; Mr. 
W. Ll. Davies, Librarian of the National Library of Wales ; 
to Rev. R. Hughes WilUams, Rector of Barmouth ; to 
Rev. J. F. Rees ; and to Rev. R. Rhys Hughes, Vicar of 







£9 1 















Gleanings from God's Acre . . . by J. Jones (Myrddin 
Fardd), 1903. 

The Diocese of Bangor during Tìiree Centuries, by A. Ivor 
Pryce, 1929. 

Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families, by 
J. E. Griffith, 1914. 

Foster's Alumni Oxonienses. 

History of the Family of Mostyn of Mostyn, by Lord 
Mostyn and T. A. Glenn, 1925, pp. 172-3. 


C^e ^ocíeí^ or (Barnaon of ;^otí 

The Old Glynlliyon Yolunteers, c. 1761-73 

SiR Thomas Wynn (1736-1807), of Glynllivon, was 
admitted to Queens' College, Cambridge, as a Fellow 
Commoner in 1754,^ became Colonel of the Caernarvon- 
shire Militia, representative in Parliament in 1761 and 
1768 for the Borough of Caernarvon, Mayor of that to\\Ti 
in 1769, and afterwards (1776) first Baron Newborough in 
the Peerage of Ireland. His name is associated with the 
county Militia and the Volunteers at four critical periods 
in the history not only of Caernarvonshire but also of 
Great Britain and of the Empire. First, in 1761, there 
was his own Yolunteer corps, described in these pages ; 
secondly, he raised the Militia towards the end of 1762 
as a defensive force against the expected invasion by the 
French ; thirdly, in 1778, when the alliance contracted 
between France and the American Colonies during the 
American \\^ar of Independence created general alarm in 
the country ; and finally from 1799 (at the age of 63), he 
was responsible for the organization in Caernarvonshire of 
six companies of volunteers, called the Loyal Newborough 
Volunteer Infantry, and the Loyal Newborough Associa- 
tion of Volunteers, during the Napoleonic wars, with him- 
self as Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant. 

^ Colonel Yaughan Wynn, of Rûg, is the owner of a silver-mounted 
case for knives and forks, presented by Thomas Wynn in 1758 to 
Queens' College, from which it has strayed. 

To face p. 80, 

Lord Newborough. 

The Society of Fort Williamsbiirg 8i 

One of the patriotic songs of 1762, simg by Mr. Andrews 
at Sadlers Wells, begins : 

" 'Tis the Genius of Britain, ye Britons that calls, 
Quit your Glasses, and Lasses, for Powder and Balls." 

Dr. Johnson dined with Sir Thomas Wynn on August 
21st, \11\, when he described the dinner mean, Sir 
Thomas civil, his Lady [his first wife, Lady Catherine 
Perceval, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Egmont] nothing, 
Paoli [whom he had met at Caernarvon on the 20th] civil. 

A full-length portrait of Lord Newborough at Glyn- 
llivon was painted about 1778 and shows him resplendent 
in the uniform of " The Society or Garrison of Fort 
Williamsburg," with scarlet coat and blue facings, buff 
waistcoat and breeches, and wearing the Order (mentioned 
later), on a sash, while his gold laced hat is on a table. 
The order cannot be clearly seen in the portrait, but it 
appears to consist of gold, enamelled in red, white, and 
blue (No. 6). A portrait, by H. Matthews, of Maria Stella 
Petronilla, second wife of Lord Newborough, was exhibited 
at the Royal Academy in 1802. 

The following is a copy (at Glynllivon) of the original 
command signed by George Grenville (1712-70) the states- 
man, who was appointed Secretary of State for the North- 
ern Department in May 1762, to embody the county 
Militia, only a few months before the termination of the 
Seven Years' War : 

George R. 

Out late Royal Grandfather of glorious and happy Memory 
having (agreably to the Acts for the better ordering of the 
Militia Forces in that Part of Great Britain called England) 
communicated to Parliament that He had received repeated 
Intelligence of the actual Preparations making in the French 
Ports to invade this Ringdom, and of the imminent Danger 
of such Invasion being attempted, and the Apprehension of 
such a Design on the Part of France not being yet removed ; 

82 The Society or Garrison 

Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do hereby ordcr You, with 
all convenient Speed, to draw out and embody, at such Place 
as You shall judge most convenient, all the Mihtia of the 
County of Carnarvon under Your Direction and that You 
do cause the Same to be held in every Respect ready to 
march as Occasion shall require, to such Posts within this 
Ringdom as We shall judge proper to assign Them, and to 
be put under the Command of such General Ofhcer or 
Offìcers as We shall be pleased to appoint over Them, and 
to obey such farther Orders as shall be judged necessary for 
the Safety and Defence of These Ringdoms. And for so 
doing This shall be Your Warrant. Given at Our Court at 
St. James's the twenty-Eighth Day of September 1762 in the 
Second Year of Our Reign. 

By His Majesty's Command, 

[Signed] George Grenville. 
To Our Trusty and Wel- 
beloved Thomas Wynn Esqr. 
Our Lieutenant of Our Coun- 
ty of Carnarvon and (in his 
Absence) to the Deputy 
Lieutenants of Our said 

Thomas Wynn Esqr to draw out and 
embody the Militia of the County of 

The immediate cause of the letter below from Thomas 
Thynne, Yiscount Weymouth, Secretary of State for the 
South, 1775-79 (created Marquess of Bath in 1789), com- 
manding Lord Newborough to embody the militia, was the 
final treaty of February 6th, 1778, between France and 
the American Colonies : 

George R. 

We having (agreably to the i\cts for the better ordering of 
the Militia Forces in that part of Great Britain called Eng- 
land) communicated to Pariiament Our having received 
Advice that the Warlike Preparations in France became every 
day more considerable, and that in this critical Conjuncture 

By His Majesty's Command. 
[Signed] George Grenville. 

of Fort Williamshurg 83 

We should not think We acted consistently with the Care and 
Concern We feel for our Faithful People if We omitted any 
means in our Power that might contribute to their Defence, 
Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do hereby Order you with 
all convenient Speed to draw out and Embody at such Place 
as you shall judge most convenient all the Militia of the 
County of Caernarvon under your Direction, and that you do 
cause the same to be held in every respect, ready to march 
as occassion shall require, to such Posts within this Ringdom 
as We shall judge proper to assign them, and to be put under 
the Command of such General officer or ofíìcers as We shall 
be pleased to appoint over them, and to obey such further 
Orders as shall be judged necessary for the safety and 
defence of this Kingdom. And for so doing, This shall be 
your Warrant. Given at Our Court at St. James's the 26th: 
Day of March, 1778. In the Eighteenth year of our Reign. 
Lord Newborough to draw out and 
Embody the Mihtia for the County 
of Caernarvon. 

To our Right Trusty and Well- ' 
beIoved Thomas, Lord New- 
borough, our Lieutenant of 
our County of Caernarvon ; 
and in his Absence to the 
Deputy Lieutenants of the 
said County. 

In 1799, as will be observed from the following letter 
from the Duke of Portland, the Loyal Newborough Asso- 
ciation of Yolunteers was formed, with Lord Newborough 
as Lieut.-Colonel Commandant, as a protection against the 
expected invasion of Napoleon, who struck in 1804 a medal 
in anticipation of his conquest of England. 

The pay-rolls and returns of these volunteers, with the 
names of the oífìcers, non-commissioned offìcers and 
priyates, from 1803 to 1808 are in the Public Record 
Oíîìce in London (W.O. 13/4216). One company was 
called the Snowdon Rangers Riflemen Infantry and was 
commanded by Sir Robert Williams, 9th Baronet, who 

G 2 

By His Maiesty's Command, 
■ [Signed] Weymouth 

84 The Society or Garrison 

had seen active service with the first Regiment of (Grena- 
dier) Guards and represented the County of Caernarvon 
in seventeen parliaments between 1790 and 182G and 
Beaumaris from 1826 until his death in 1830. 

A few rehcs of the corps are preserved in the old fort in 
GlynUivon Park, including a standard with the Wynn arms 
and the legend " Lo^^al Newborough Association," perhaps 
the new colours presented by the Prince of Wales in 1800 ; 
and an oval copper badge, engraved with the Royal Crown 
and cipher of George III and inscribed, Loyal New- 


These volunteers were held in readiness for going to 
Caernarvon in connection with some trouble among the 
quarrymen in the winter of 1800-01 (Ex inform. Mr. 
Owen Parry). 

George R. 

George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great 
Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. 
To Our Right Triisiy and Welbeloved Thomas Lord Kew- 
borough Greeting : We do, by these Presents, constitute and 
appoint 3'ou to be, during our pleasure Lieíitenant ColK Com- 
mandant of ihe Loyal Associaticn — Association of the In- 
habitants of the Coasi of the County of Carnarvon associated 
to serve without Pay, for the Protection thereof, in Case of 
any Emergency, at the Reqmsition of the Civil Power ; but 
not to take Rank in Our Army, nor the said Association to 
be subject to Military Discipline, or to serve out of the said 
County- — except of their own Accord. Given at our Court at 
St. James's the Twenty-eighth Day of October 1799, in the 
Fortieth Year of Our Reign. 

By His Majesty's Command, 

[Signed] Portland. 
Thonias Lord Newborough Lieutenant 
Colonel Commandant of the Loyal 
Newborough Association. 

Nütc The italicized words arc in writing ; the remainder are printed. 

of Fort Wüliamshurg 85 

Preserved among the documents at Glynllivon is the 
following interesting, if illiterate letter : 

My Lordi 

Acording to your Lordships Desire I attended at Abermenai 

The 12 and 2 of the Garden Labourers, which about 12 
oclock The Men was Calld into a Line at the Back of the 
Barracks. And from thence to Dinner — The Dined in 4 
Companies. After Dinner was Calld into a Line by the sea- 
shore, and fac'd to the Right March'd in a line Down to the 
sands — Facing Carnarvon — where lay washmans (?) Cutter — 
These Drank the prince of wales is Health with Cheears 3 
Times 3 — and the Guns fired from the Cutter. 

Then your Lordships Health with 3 Times 3 and tlie Guns 
tìred from the Cutter — 

The third Lady Niwboroughs^ Health with 3 Times 3 and 
the Guns fired from the Cutter. 

Then the Honble T. John Wynns^ Health with 3 Times 3 
and the Guns fired from the Cutter. 

The Earl of Uxbridge Came up the River we Saluted his 
Lordship with 3 Times 3 his Lordship Returnd it — 

Then Marchd to the Barracks and Dismissd the Men. 

The all Parted in Peace and good . . . ? 

I Am ytnir Lordships Ever dutiful St 

John Spooner 

August 17th 1802 

As in the case of the Plas Hen cannon cup, certain 
ritual was observed, for example, an oath, " So help me 
to a Bumper," was taken, upon the election of every 
member, in the silver cup of the Fort.'* The Garrison was 
tû consist of a Commander-in-Chief, a Governor, a Lieu- 
tenant Governor, 100 offtcers, civil and military, one Arch- 

^ The first Lord Newborough, who was absent iii London. 
- Ma: ia Stella Patronilla, seeond wife of Lord Newborough (see p. 103). 
•^ Thoinas John W\Tin, then a baby, born April 3rd, 1SU2, who suc- 
eeeded as seeond Lord Newborough. 

■* The actual silver cup cannot be traced. 

86 The Society or Garnson 

deacon, no fewer than 24 Chaplains, 24 honorary mem- 
bers, 150 soldiers, besides an unhmited number of volun- 
teers. A command was to be confined to natives of North 
Wales, except honorary members or volunteers, who were 
chosen for that offìce by consent of the majority present. 
The ceremonial included the compulsory drinking of three 
half-pint bumpers on the blessed anniversary, when every 
offìcer was expected to wear the uniform : a true blue 
coat with scarlet lapels, and cape, buff waistcoat and 
breeches, gilt buttons and a gold laced hat, upon pain of 
drinking the Fort cup for every offence committed in 
irregularity in the uniform. Unfortunately, none of the 
uniform has survived. 

One interesting ceremony, probably unique in the 
history of the Volunteers in this country, was in the 
admission of " The Holy Order of Sisterhood, Connected 
& Regulated with the Free, Firm, & Friendly Garrison of 
Williamsburg ", also called " The Holy Order of Sister- 
hood and Huntresses, established in Honor of The Lady 
of St Hubert " — the Patron Saint of Hunters — and the 
number was limited to fifty. Neither tlie uniform nor the 
form of the order, received by every sister kneeling and 
fixed to her breast by the Governor or the Commanding 
Offìcer, is described in the documents, nor are the precise 
functions of the Order mentioned. The oath, " So help 
me to Bohea," was taken presumably in a cup of that 
variety of tea.^ A Lady Patroness was elected annually 
as the head of the Order from 1763 to 1770. 

Fort Williamsburg is a fortified fort in Glynllivon Park 
built of stone in or shortly before 1761, with later additions 
of 1773-76. On the coast of Caernarvon Bay, near the 
mouth of the Menai Straits, is another fort, built for the 

^ The name was given early in the eighteenth century to the finest 
kinds of black tea ; but the quaHty now known as Bohea is the lowest, 
being the last crop of tlie scason {Oxford Dict.). 

of Fort WilUamsburg 87 

same reasons, as a defence against the threatened or 
expected invasion by the French. It is now named Belan, 
but was called Abermenai Barracks in 1776, when the 
Royal Caernarvonshire Mihtia were stationed there. It 
was thus called in 1801 and 1802. 

In the Records Ofhce at Caernarvon is a printed inden- 
ture of September 27th, 1762, by Lord Ligonier, Master- 
General of Ordnance, of arms, etc, sent to Thomas Wynn, 
Lord-Lieutenant, for the service of the mihtia, enumerated 
in writing and including two silk colours — one of the 
Union and the other the Lord-Lieutenant's arms on a 
white sheet. The mihtia were probably, or inchided, the 
Glynnivon Volunteers. 

At Glynllivon is a " Weekly Return of Arms and Stoers 
in the Royall Carnarvon Shire Grenadiers at Fort Williams 
Bourg and Carnarvon ye 31th of October 1773 ", signed by 
Walter Carnarly, Serjeant-Major. This return is interest- 
ing as showing another title, the Royal Carnarvonshire 
Grenadiers, for the Glynllivon Volunteers, and as proving 
that they were in existence in 1773, some ten years after 
the Seven Years' War. A note on the back refers to one 
Solomon Jones, delayed at Pwllheli with timber on board 
but expected at Carnarvon in a few tides. Another note 
states that Serjeant Hawhsworth was at Bodvean [in 
October, 1773] with Mr. Hugh Evans, who ordered the 
serjeant to remain with him until he had done receiving 
an account of the robbers infesting the country, some of 
whom had been captured lately in Anglesey. 

With these papers is also an undated roll of the men 
with their names, numbering 63, of the First Battalion 
of Grenadiers (presumably the above) in four companies. 
Also " Morning Returns of the Royal Carnarvonshire 
Militia at Abermenai Barracks, September 27, 1776, signed 
by Law Ardern, Serjt. Major ". 

An account of some interest is also here for work done 

88 Tìie Society or Garrison 

at Abermenai by Simon Grifftn Sheward, apparently a 
foreman or master biiilder, dated March, 1775. He adds 
a note that no bricks were to be had in Anglesey or at Sir 
Nicolas Bailey's, so he intended to send to Silvister for 
some. Fiirther, he refers to the wages paid to James 
Glover.. carpenter, who asks for twelve shillings a week, but 
Sheward suggested ten shillings for winter and summer, 
with small beer. Glover was very useful as one who could 
talk Welsh as well as English. 

On the back of the account is a plan of some work sug- 
gested for Abermenai. 

The following receipt perhaps deserves inclusion : 

Received March 5^1^ 1810 of The Executors of the Late 
Lord Newborough by payment of Hugh Rowlands Sixteen 
pounds three Shillings & Nine pence in full for Cleaning 
the Muskets of the Loyal Newborough Yolunteers due. 

Due Decr 4. 1803 and in full of the Bill Annexed 

£ s. d. 

the Mark of 

16 3 9 

Margt X Jones Exëcutrix 

of the late Richd Thomas Smith 

It is endorsed : 

Margt Thomas 

Clynnog for cleaning 

the Arms of the Loyal 

Newborough Yolunteers 

£ s. d. 


March 5th. 



A copy of the original bill of Richard Thomas, smith, 

of Clynnog, is also here, showing that he cleaned 84 arms 

for 3 years 8 months at 7s. per month from April 4, 1800, 

to December 4, 1803, and 20 more arms. 

of Fort Williamshiirg 89 

After these copies of certain military documents at 
GlynllÌYon, the writer's next cluty is to comment on, and 
to include copies of, the papers relating to the subject of 
this article. 

As wih be noticed from the Laws of the Garrison, the 
corps was entitled " The Society or Garrison of Fort 
Wilhamsburg " and was estabhshed upon the principles of 
" Freedom, Firmness, & Friendship " on the Coronation 
Day of George III, September 22nd, 1761. 

The foUowing written Laws and other details are in two 
bound books, with the name and date stamped in gold on 
the covers : 

The fìrst yohnne is marked L and contains on the first 
page the foHowing introduction : 

The Society or Garrison of Fort Wilhamsburg, Estab- 
lish'd upon the Principles of Freedom, Firmness, and 
Friendship was instituted on the 22^ of September 1761 ; 
being the Glorious Coronation Day of a British King ; 
whose Reign (we are perswaded) wiU preserve to His Sub- 
jects the fullest Enjoyment of those happy Privileges. 
Page 2. 

The Laws of the Garrison 
The fohowing Oath to be taken by every Person of The 
Garrison who have the privilege of reading the Laws. 

I do sincerely promise & swear never to reveal the 
Contents of this Book by any Word, Deed, Sign, or writing. 
So help me to a Bumper 
The Bumper Oath to be taken from the 
Silver Cup 
The Garrison. 
The Cup & Cannon Oath to be taken after being pre- 
sented to The Offìcer, Who presides at the Election. 

90 The Society or Garrison 

Pages 8-8. 

Ist The Garrison shall consist of A Commander in 
Chief, A Governor, Lt Governor, one himdred Offìcers, 
Civil &. Mihtary, one Arch-deacon, Twenty-four Chaplains, 
Twenty-four Honorary Members, one Hundred & fifty 
Soldiers, Besides Yolunteers whose Number shaU be 

2 In the Absence of The Governor, an Officer (Elected 
by the Majority of Members Present) shall take upon Him 
the Command of The Garrison. 

3 Natives of North Wales, shall be the only Persons 
Capable of a Command in The Garrison, But others of 
any Country, may (with the Consent of the Majority of 
the Society then Present) be Elected Honorary Members, 
and serve as Yohmteers 

So help me to a Bumper 

4 No Offìcer, or Soldier, shall absent Himself on the 
Anniversary, except in case of IHness, or having been 
Married within the Preceding Month, or some other 
reasonable Excuse, approved by The Governor. 

5 No Oíìfìcer, or Soldier shah on the Anniversary pre- 
sume to Enter The Fort without His Uniform *and Order 
— Vide Explan. in the Continuation of the penal Laws.* 

Every Commission'd Offtcer, Civil or Military, Who shall 
presume to Enter The Garrison, upon the Blessed Anni- 
versary, without his proper Regimentis. Viz, A True 
Blue Coat, with Scarlet Lappels & Cape, Buff Waistcoat, 
& Breeches, with Gilt Buttons, And A Gold Lac'd Hat ; 
shall for Each Article, in which he Offends, Drink the 
Fort Cup. 

Clause 5. The words from * to * are ìn a different handwiiting. 

G The Governor, or Commanding Officer, may on the 
Anniversary, Compel any Person in the Garrison to Drink 
three Half Pint Bumpers — But on any other Day, this 

of Fort Williamshurg gi 

Power of Compulsion shall not extend beyond One half 
pint Bumper. 

So help me to a Bumper. 

7 The Governor, or Commanding Ofíìcer, shaH have 
full Power to Summon a Meeting of The Society for The 
Election of New Members, or for any Other purpose He 
shall judge proper. 

8 The Names of the Members, and the Dates of Their 
Election, shall be regularly Enter'd in A Book kept for 
that purpose. 

9 No Person Whatever, to have a Copy of the Laws 
of The Garrison nor are They ever to be read in the presence 
of a Stranger. 

So help me to a Bumper 

10 No New Member, to be Elected by a fewer number 
of the Garrison than Seven 

11 No New Member, whatever to be Elected without 
The Governor, or Commanding Offtcer having received a 
Certifìcate sign'd by two Oíhcers of The Garrison, declaring 
His Age, Place of Residence, & Birth. 

12 No new Member whatever, (Chaplains Excepted) 
can be received unless dress'd in The Uniform of The 

So help me to a Bumper 

13 No new Member whatever, to be admitted Unless 
introduced by two Oíììcers of the Garrison 

14 No Member whatever, receives the Order but 
Oíhcers, and Honorary Members, Who shall receive it 
RneeHng, before The Governor, or Commanding Ofíìcer. 

15 No Stranger whatever, to be present During an 

So help me to A Bumper 

16 The Society, shall have Power to Enact such new 

92 The Society or Garrison 

Laws as may (by The Majority then present) be thought 
iisefull to Promote 



So help me to a Bumper 
Here begins a new page entitled : 

The Holy Order of Sister-Hood. 

United, Connected & Regulated, 

With the 

Free, Firm, & Friendly 




The following pages are numbered 1 to 3, divided into 

sections as foHows : 

1 That the Holy Order, of Sister Hood and Huntresses, 
estabhsh'd in Honor of 

The Lady of St Hubert 
Shah not exceed the Number of Fifty 

2 That Each Sister shah succeed each other Annuahy, 
as The Lady Patroness — According to The Date of their 

3 That no Sister be admitted without the Usual Form 
of Admission Observ'd at the Election of a Brother of The 

So help me to Bohea 

4 That every Sister, at The Day of Admission appears 
in the Uniform Habit of the Garrison 

5 That every Sister be admitted between the Hours of 
Eight and Twelve in The fore-noon 

6 That five Brothers, be present at The admission of 
Every Sister — who are to be fìxed on By The Sister, or 
Sisters, going to be Admitted 

of Fort Williainshiirg 93 

7 That every Sister Receive the Order Rneehng wch 
shah be fixed to The Waistcoat by the Governor, or Com- 
manding Officer then present 

So help me to Bohea 

8 That as soon as The Sister receives the Order She 
rises, & is to be Sahited by the Brothers & Sisters then 

9 That The Sister Hood shah have Power to Enact such 
new Laws, as may (by the Majority of The Sisters then 
present) be thought usefuh to Promote 




So help me to Bohea 

The second volume is entitled Enrohmt and begins 
thus : 

Elected, 1762. 
September 22d 

Capt: George Lewis of Pontnew^^d.^ 

Robt Hughes Esgr of Plaes Côch.^ 

Capt: Hugh Lloyd^ 

James Briscoe Esqr of Llanver-Vechan.* 

^ Pont Newydd, Llanwnda, co. Caernarvon. He is not mentioned 
under the Lewis family of this place by J. E. Griffith (p. 123). One 
Hugh Lewis was High Sheriff in 1721 (see p. 100). 

" Robert Hughes of Plascoch, Llanidan, Anglesey, who was buried at 
Llanedwen, April 18th, 1764, aged 24, and is commemorated in the 
church by a mural tablet. He was appointed Deputy-Lieutenant of co. 
Caernarvon in 1762. His father was Rev. Robert Hughes, Vicar of 
Llanidan, 1748-56 (see p. 100). 

^ Hugh Lloyd of Aberdaron, mentioned later. 

* Possibly the Officer of Customs of this name at Beaumaris, who 
died in 1782. He is described later as of Gerlin, doubtless Gerlan, now a 
farm in the parish of Llanfairfechan. One James Eriscoe, possibly a 
son, was buried at Beaumaris, April Ist, 1822. 

94 Tìic Society or Garrison 

Robt Lloyd Esqr of Gunius.^ 
Hugh Hughes, Esq'' of Bodvan.- 
ReydsMrWm Griffìth.3 
Mr Richri Ehis.'» 
Mr Richfi Farrington.^ 
Mr W"^ Griffith.6 
Mr On Lloyd." 
Mr On Jones.s 
Richd Wilson Esqr.» 

1 Of the Lloyds of Gwynus, PLstyll, in Lleyn ; High Sheriff, 1780-L 

^ Mentioned on page lOL He was appointed Deputy-Lieutenant of 
co. Caernarvon, 1762, and High Sheriff, 1762-3. 

3Rev. William Griffith, M.A., Vicar of Llanbeblig, 1762-66 (see p. 
16) ; buried at Frodsham, June 19th, 1766, aged 29. His brotlier was 
John Griffith, of Carreglwyd (see below). 

•* Rev. Richard ElHs, eldest son of the Rev. David Ellis, of Gwynfryn, 
Llanystumdwy and Rector of Llanengan ; matriculated Jesus CoIIege, 
Oxford, 1748, aged 17 ; B.A., 1752 ; M.A., 1755 ; Vicar of Clynnog and 
Rector of Llanaelhaiarn, 1768, until his death, 1805. 

^ Rev. Richard Farrington, M.A., son of Robert Farrington, of Caer- 
narvon ; matriculated Jesus CoIIege, Oxford, 1720, aged 18 ; B.A., 
1724/5 ; M.A. from King's College, Cambridge ; instituted to the Iiving 
of Llangybi-cum-Llanarmon, co. Caernarvon, 1742 ; perpetual curate 
of Llanwnda and Llanfaglan ; Chancellor of Bangor, 1762, until his 
deatli in 1772, at Bath. 

6Rev. WiIIiam Griffith, M.A., Rector of Llandwrog, 1760-73. He 
was the son of John Griffith, of Caernarvon, and matriculated Oriel 
CoIIege, Oxford, 1752, aged 17 ; B.A., 1755 and M.A., 1758 (pp. 19, 102). 

' Rev. Owen Lloyd, son of the Rev. David Lloyd, of Eglwj'sbach, co. 
Denbigh ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1754, aged 18 ; B.C.L., 
1764 ; Rector of Llannefydd, Denbighshire, 1762-72. 

^ Rev. Owen Jones (see p. 15). 

^ Probably Richard Wilson, the artist, who was paiiiting in North 
Wales about this time. In 1766 he e^hibited his view of Snowdon (iiow 
in the Nottingham Art Gallery), and his Caernarvon Castle (in the 
National Museum of Wales). PreviousIj% between 1760 and 1762, he 
was drawing scenes on the River Dee. In 1771 he exhibited at the 
Royal Academy his View near Wynnstay and his Crow Castle, both at 

of Fort Williamshiirg 95 

September 22nd 1763 Elected 
Mrs Wynne of \'oilas [p. 102]. 
Miss Wynne 1 r t- •, r ,^.i 
Miss Wynn ^^ 
Miss D. Wynn j - lk j 

Mrs Griffith of Garn [pp. 96, 102]. 
Miss Howard of Conway [p. 103]. 

Honorary Members 
Richd Pennant of Horsley, Esqr.i 
Lt Colonel Glynn Wynn, of Glynn.^ 
John Griffith of Cefnnamnlch.^ 

1 Horsley Hall, in the parish of Gresford. 'ì afterwards (1783) Lord 

- Glynn Wynn, son of Sir John Wynn, 2nd Bart., of GlynHÌYon ; M.P. 
for the Borough of Caernarvon, 1768-81 ; brother of Sir Thomas Wynn, 
afterwards first Baron Newborough. His wife, Bridget, was a sister of 
James Coetmor Pugh (p. 98). On June 8th. 1781, he was appointed with 
Hugh Grifhth of Brynodol (p. 100) and Hugh ^N'illiams, of Plas Pentir (p. 
1 1 ) by Lord Hillsborough , to execute the ofîiee of Lieutenant of the coimty 
(in the absence from the Ringdom of the Lord-Lieutenant) in reference to 
the raising and training of the Militia. Lord Newborough was in Italy, 
1781-92, and it was there that in 1786 he married Maria Stella, the reputed 
legitimate daughter and eldest child of the Duke of Orleans (Egahté) [The 
JMystcry of Maria St^Ua,Lady Newboroiigh ,hy S'ìt'R. Payne-Gallwey, 1907). 
Dr. Johnson, on his visit to Xorth Wales in August 1 774, supped with Mrs. 
Wynn at her residence in one of the towers of Cafirnarvon Cíistle and ate 
with her there foiu- days later, and on the following day accompanied her 
to Llyn Badarn and Lh^i Beris and saw the goats browsing on Snowdon. 

^ John Grifhth, of Cefnamwlch in Lleyn, " of a most ancient and Honor- 
able family. Possessions u\ Lhm dirring several centuries," who died Dec- 
ember 4th, 1794, aged 52, and was biuied in Pentrevoelas Church, where 
there is a monument to his memory ; appomted Deputy Lieutenant of co. 
Caernarvon, 1762, and High Sheriff, 1765. Dr. Johnson visited Cefnam- 
wlch on August 22nd, 1774 and describes Mr. Grifîith as a gentleman of 
large fortmie, remarkable for having made great and sudden imi3rove- 
mentsinhisseatandestate. He is considered as a raan of great accomplish- 
ments, was educated at the University, and ser ved some t ime iu the Army ; 
accounted a good man and endeavours to bring the people to church. 

96 The Society or Gcin'isoii 

Watkin Wynne of Voilasi 

Jolin Griffith, of Garn.- 

Lt Colonel Parry of Wernfwar.^ 

C. Evans, of Trefeilir* 

M. Meredith of Pengwen^ 

John Garnons, of Pantdu'^ 

Revd& J. Roberts of Llanbedrog. '^ 

Wm Stoddart, Mcar of Bettws.^ 

J. Garnons, Rector of Llandeiniolen.^ 

J. Owen, Minister of Llanbedlig.^" 

Timy Edwards, of Cefn-mine.^^ 

Owen Griffith, of Tryfan.^- 

Ed: Owen, of Beaumaris. 

^ Watkiii \Vviine (1717-74), of Yoelas, High Sheriff of co. Denbigh, 
1755. His wife, Jane, née Clayton (1720-98), was the fìrst Lady 
l'atroness of the " Holy Order of Sister and Huntresses " (pp. 95, 102). 

- Johii Griíìitli (1737-91), of Garn, Henllan ; buried in Henllan 
Church, as was his widow, Jane (died 1811), daughter of John Hughes, 
of Wig, co. Caernarvón and Caerberllan, Llanrwst (pp. 95, 100). 

^ Lieut.-Colonel Corbet Parry, born in 1722, son of Love Parry and 
hÌ8 wife, Rachel Corbet ; lived at Wernfawr, Llanbedrog ; his brother 
was John Parry (pp. 24, 101). His j^ortrait is in the possession of 
Colonel J. C. Yale, D.S.O. (No. 7). See p. 100. 

* Charles Evans, of Trefeilir, Trefdraeth, Anglesey ; High Sheriff, 
1752-3 ; died 1803. According to his monument in Trefdraeth Church 
he was a very eminent man (see p. 101). 

^ Meyrick Meredydd, son and last male heir of Humphrey Meredydd 
{p. 15), of Monachdy Gwyn, Clynnog, and Pengwern, Llanwnda ; 
Dejiuty Lieutenant, co. Caernarvon, 1762. 

® John Garnons (see p. 13). 

' See p. 18. 

^ Kev. \\'illiam Stotlart, son of Maurice Stodart, of St. Asaph ; 
matiiculated Christ Church, Oxford, 1748, aged 17 ; M.A., 1759 ; Vicar 
of Bettws yn Rhos, co. Denbigh, 1758-93. 

^ Rev. John Yaughan Garnons, son of the above John Garnons and 
brother of Richard Garnons (see p. 12). 

^^ Perhaps a noncoiiformist minister at Llanbeblig. 
^^ Captain Timothy Edwards, R.N. (1731-80), of Cefnmaen, near 
l'wUheli, who succeeded to the estate of Nanhoron on the death of his 
micle, Richard Edwaids, in 1770 (see p. 15). 
^^ Owen Gritìitli, of Tryfaii, Llanwiida. 

To facc p. ç6. 

Lt.-Col. Corbet Parry. 

of Fort WiUiamshurg 97 

September 22d 176-4. 

Hugh Davies, of Caerhûn.^ 

John Griíhth, of Carreglwyd.- 

Hiigh Griffìth, of Brinodol.^ 

Robt Wynne, of Plaesnewyd.^ 

Wm Vickers, of Holyhead.^ 

John Hennesey, of Carnarvon.*' 

Robt Wilhams, of Plas . . . redy(?) 

Owen Jones, of Aberfrew. 

Meyrick Meredith, of Pengwern.'' 
10. John Hatseh, of Castle Street, London. 

W™ Gambol, of Beaumaris. 

Revds R. Evans, of Porthlongdû, Anglesey.^ 
Z. Hughes, of Trefan.^ 
H. Jones, Llanvaethlu, Anglesey ^^ 

^ Hugh Jones, who assumed the name of Davies on succeeding to the 
estate of Caerhûn ; High Sheriff, co. Caernarvon, 1754, and Anglesey, 
1755 ; died 1771 (see pp. 15, 100). 

^ John Griffith (1731-76), of Carreglwyd, Llanfaetlilu, Anglesey ; 
High Sheriff f or that county, 1 758-9 ; his brother was the Rev. WilUam 
Griffith, Vicar of Llanbeblig (p. 102). 

^Seepp. 18, 95, 100. 

■* ? Plasnewydd, the old house in GlyTillivon Park (see p. 101). 

^ William Vickers, of Llanfawr, Holyhead ; High Sheriff of Anglesey, 
1782-3 ; died in 1792, aged 85. 

^ A man of this name was buried at Llanbeblig in 1765. 

7 See pp. 15, 96, 101. 

^ Rev. Robert Evans, son of Thomas Evans, of Heneglwys, Angle- 
sey ; matriculated Jesus College, Oxford, 1726, aged 20 ; B.A., 1729 30 ; 
Rector of Heneglwys and Trewalchmai, 174:4-88 ; died 1788. 

9Rev. Zaccheus Hughes (1732-94 (p. 12). 

^•^ Rev. Humphrey Jones, M.A. (1763), Jesus College, Oxford ; for 
28 years Rector of Llanfaethlu ; died June 15th, 1819, aged 80. A 
mural tablet in the Church commemorates his virtues and those of his 
father of the same name, for 48 years Rector of this parish, who died 
March 21st, 1795, aged 87, having Iived at Tynewydd, Llanengan, and 
whose wife was Mary Bennett. A son of the latter (who was also Rector 
of Llanfwrog) was John Jones, barrister-at-law and Bencher of the 
Middle Temple, who died in 1803 and was buried in the grounds of 
Bangor Cathedral (p. 30). 


98 The Society or Garrison 

Elected 1765. 

23d T. Prendergast Williams, of Marle.^ 
J. Coytmor Pugh, of Coytmor.^ 
\Vm Owen, of Conway. 

1767. Hugh Anwyl [see p. 27]. 
Wihiam Knight.^ 
Wilham Wihiams. 

Honorary Members. Elected 1793 
The Right Honourable Richard Lord Penrhyn.^ 
John Hatseh Es^r. 

Muster Book 
Commander in Chief Thomas Wynn^ 

^ Terence Prendergast, who married as her second husband (on the 
death in 1760 of her first husband, Sir Thomas Prendergast, 2nd and 
last baronet) Anne, daughter and heir of Sir Griffith Wilhams, 6th 
Baronet, of Marle and Pantglas, co. Caernarvon. He assumed the 
additional name of Williams by indenture of January 27th, 1761 ; he 
died in 1776 and was buried on October 3rd, at Llanrhos, near Llan- 
dudno ; she died at Nantgwilym, Bodfari, Flmtshire, and was buried 
on December 21st, 1770, at Llanrhos. He was High Sheriff of co. Caer- 
narvon, 1779-80. According to an old romance, Lady (Anne) Prender- 
gast was living at Nantgwilym, with WiUiam Roberts (c. 1742-91), her 
supposed natural son by the Duke of Cumberlantl of Cvilloden fame. It 
is said that he was adopted as his own son by his maternal uncle, Sir 
Robert WilHams, hence the surname Roberts (in Welsh fashion from his 
said uncle's Christian name). 

2 See p. 23. His sister, Bridget, married Colonel Glynn Wjmn (p. 95). 

^ ? WiHiam Knight, son of Robert Knight and his wife, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Edward Griffith, of Garn, and grandson of Joshua Rnight, mer- 
chant, of Caernarvon ; born 1728/9. His brother, John Knight, R.A., 
of Plastirion, Llanrwst, served at the battle of Minden in 1750. 

^ The first Lord Penrhyn, created in 1783. 

5 Sir Thomas Wynn (1736-1807). See p. 80. 

of Fort WilUamshurg 


vSecond in Comnd 

Governor, His Excel- 

Lieutenant Governor 


Fort Major 

Major of Brigade 
Colonel & Chief En- 

John X Wynn's mark of Glynlh- 

Wm WiHiams, of Glanavon, Attor- 

ney Geni for the Counties of 

Anglesey Carnar & Merioneth.^ 


Wi^ Vaughan of Plaeshûn, Mem 

ber for the County of Merioneth. * 

Glynn Wynn of Glynn, U- Colonel 

in the Coldstream Regt of 

Guards.^ dead. 
Robt Godn Owen of Clennena.^ 

John Griífith, of Cefnamulch.' 
Geo: Twistleton Ridsdale, Captain 

in the . . . Regiment of Foot.^ 


1 Sir John Wynn (1701-73), 2nfl baronet, father of Sir Thomas Wynn 
(above). He was doubtless too infirm at his age to sign the muster book. 

2 Son and heir of Rice (or Richard) Williams, of Glanyrafon, co. 
Caernarvon, and of Quirt, Llangeinwen, Anglesey ; he was admitted to 
the Middle Temple in 1723 and matriculated at Jesus College, Oxford, 
in the same year, aged 18 ; and married as his second wife, Hephzibah, 
daughter of Robert Howard, Collector of Customs, Conway (see p. 103) ; 
appointed in 1762 Deputy Lieutenant of the County. He died April 
26th, 1769, aged 65, and was buried at Llanbeblig. At his death he was 
Attorney-General of North Wales. In April 1752 he quelled the riot 
of the quarrymen of Mynydd Cilgwyn and Rhostryfan in their attempt 
to storm the corn granaries in Shirehall Street (W. H. Jones, Old Kar- 
narvon, 1889, pp. 134-6). 

3 The word " dead " has been added at later dates against several 

* He was the original owner of the Cannon cup in the previous article. 

5 See p. 22. 

6 See p. 22. 

7 See p. 23. 

^ Doubtless Captain George Twisleton Ridsdale, of Lleuar, Clynnog . 

H 2 


Tìie Society or Garrison 

Comissary General of Geo: Lewis, of Pontnewydd, Cap- 
the Musters tain in the 30th Regiment of 

Foot.i dead 

Comissary General of Hum. Meredith of Pengwen.^ 

the Stores 
Depty Comissary of 

the Stores 
Adjutant General 

Fort Adjutant 
Ouarter Master 

Barrack Master 

Inspector General 

Wm Pugh of 

^ dead. 

Watkin Wynne of \"oilas, Lt 
Colonel in the Denbighshire 
Mihtia.-' dead 

No name. 

Hugh Davies of Caerhun, Capt in 
the Carnarvonshire Mihtia.^ 

J. Griíhth of Caraglwyd.^ dead. 

Surveyor General 
Purveyor General 

Hugh Griíhth of Brinodol." 

\Vm Williams Juni" of . . . Lt in the 

Anglesey Mihtia.» dead 1764 
Robt Carreg of Carreg.^ dead 
No name. 

1 . Colonels Comandant Robt Hughes, of Plaescôch. ^° dead 

2d dead. 
3d Corbet Parry of Wernwawr, Lt Colonel in the . . . 
Regiment of Foot.^^ dead 1768. 

1 See p. 93. He was Captain in the 30th Foot, 1754-68. 

^ Humphrey Meredydd (1703-66), of Monachdy Gwyn, Clynnog, and 
Pengwern, Llanwnda, father of Meyrick Meredydd ; High Sheriff, 
1738 (see pp. 15, 96, 101). 

3 ,v 

4 See p. 96. ^ gee pp. 1,5, 97. 6 g^e pp. 16, 97. " See pp. IS, 95, 97. 
® Possibly WiUiam WilUams, barrister-at-law, son of the Rector of 

Newborough of this name and therefore cousin of the above Attorney- 

^ Of Carreg in Lleyn ; died 1769. 
" See p. 93. " See j). 96. 12 gee p. 96. 

of Fort WiUiamsburg loi 

4tii Robert Wynne of Plaesnewydd. ^ dead. 
5th T_ Prendergast Williams, of Marle.^ dead. 
Director & Lt Col: of Richd Garnons, of Rhûgoch, Com. 
The Ordinance Merioneth, Lt in Col: Draper's 

Aid. de. Camps 1. Hugh WiHiams of Pentir, Lt. in 

the Royal Carnarvonshire Mih- 

tia.^ dead 

2d Robt Lloyd, of Gunnis.^ dead. 

3d James Brisco, of Gerhn, Llanver 

Vechan.*^ dead 

4th Hugh Lloyd, of Aberdaron, Adju- 

tant in the R.C. Mihtia.'^ 

5. Charles Evans, of Trefeihr.^ 

6. Wm Vickers, of Holyhead.'' 

7. John Hennesey of Carnarvon.i'' 

dead 1765. 

8. Robt WiUiams of Pwühely. dead. 

9. Owen Jones, of Aberíìre. 

10. James Coytmor Pugh, of Coyt- 

mor.i^ dead 

Secretary to His Ex- Meyrick Meredith of Pengwen 
ceUence. Esqr, Lt in the Royal Carnar- 

vonshire Mihtia.^^ dead. 

Judge Advocate John Parry, of Wernfawr.^^ 

Attorney General No name. 

Sohcitor General John Garnons of Pantdû.^* dead. 

Agent Victualler Hugh Hughes of Bod^an.^^ dead. 

3d Brigadier William Williams, of Carnarvon 

Custom-house at Conway. 

1 See p. 97. 2 gge p. 98. 3 gee p. 1 1 . 

* Hugh WilUains, of Plas Pentir, near Bangor ; High Sheriff, 1766-7. 

5 See p. 94. 6 gee p. 93. ^ See p. 93. 

8 See p. 96. » See p. 97. i" See p. 97. 

11 See p. 23. 12 gee pp. 15, 96, 100. i^ See p. 24. 

1* See pp. 13, 96. 15 See p. 94, 

102 The Society or Garrison 

4th Brigadier 

No name. 

Arch Deacon 

No name. 

1. Chaplain 

Wm Griíhth, Rectr of Llandwrog^ 



Richd ElHs, of Gwynfrin- 


Richd Farrington of Llanwnda.^ 



W"^ Grifîìth, Vicar of Carnarvon.* 



Owen Lloyd, Vicar of Llannfydd.^ 



Owen Jones, Vicar of Conway.^ 


The Holy Order 
Sister Hood 
Present íìve Members : Commander, Governor, Comp- 
troler, Aid-de-Camp Wilhams, Revd W™ Grifíìth. 
[Written in a different hand] 

1 Jane Wynne, Lady Patroness' 1763 

2 Jane Wynne, Lady Patroness^ 1764 

3 Bettina Wynne, Lady Patroness'' 1765 

4 Frances Wynn, Lady Patroness^*' 1766 

5 Dorothy Wynn, Lady Patroness^^ 1767 

6 Jane Hughes Griffìth, Lady Patronessi^ 1768 

1 See p. 94. 2 gee p. 94. 3 gee p. 94. 
■* See p. 24. ° See p. 94. ^ gge p. 15. 

7 See p. 95. ^ See p. 95. 

^ ? Elizabeth, sister of the above Watkin Wynn, who died in 1816 
unmarried, aged 87, or his daughter, Elizabeth, who married Thomas 
Assheton-Smith of Vaynol. As the date of this marriage is not recorded 
in the Baronetages, this point carinot be settled. 

^** Franees Wynn (1713-84), daughter of Sir Thomas WjTin, first 
baronet, of Gl.ynllivon. 

^^ Not to be found in the genealogy of the Wynns of Glynllivon 

^^ She was the wife of John Griffith (p. 96). 

of Fort WiUiamsburg 103 

7 Hephzibah Howard, Lady Patroness^ 1769 

8 Catherine Wynne, Lady Patroness- 1770 
The names are in autograph. 

Here follow blanks for dates 1771 to 1791 inclusive. 

Lady Patronesses 
Maria Stella Petronilla Newborough^ 1792 

Eleanor Wynn 1793 

These two names are written in pencil and are not part 
of the original muster book. 

Here follow blanks for the years 1794-1800. 

Honorary Members 
The Right Honourable Richard Lord Penrhyn^ 1763 
John Hatsell Esqr 1764 

The portrait of Lord Newborough is illustrated by the 
courtesy of the present Lord Newborough. 

1 Hephzibah Howard married William WiUiams, Attorney-General 
of North Wales (p. 99). She died December 3rd, 1832, aged 92, and 
was buried in Conway Chiu'ch, where she is commemorated by a monu- 

2 ? sister of the above Frances Wjam. 

^ Second wife of Sir Thomas Wpin, created Baron Newborough in 
1776. She claimed to be the daughter of Louis Phillipe, Dulie of Orleans, 
afterwards King of France (see p. 85, f.n.). 

■* This is an error, for the peerage dates only from 1783. 

Q0ret3 15^ ÎCentrí.' 

By the Rev. G. HARTWELL JONES, D.D. D.Litt., 


Treasurrr and Chairman. of Council. Prcsiclent of the Celtic Congress, 


AcTROU Maer, Itroneoed, Aotrone, 

Ar C'hendalc'h Keltiek a zo bet graet en meur a vro a 
bere an dud a zo eürus ha balc'h da lavaret int keneiled 
d'ho c'hendirvi a Vreiz. En lod eus ar broiou — ze, ar 
iezou keltiek hag ar mennoziou o deus en em dalc'het 
despet d'an nerziou galloudus ha kuzet savet en o eneb ; 
en lod all o deus kollet buhez goustadik, siwaz, pe emaint 
o vond kuit. Iwerzon he deus diskouezet nerz ha kalonder 

^ Brittany and Wales, a speech delivered by the Rev. G. Hartwell 
Jones, D.D., D.Litt., F.S.A., at the Celtic Congress, 1933, held at 
Dinard. In the unavoidable absence of the Marquis d'Estourbillon, 
the veteran president for the year, Dr. Hartwell Jones, a vice-president, 
was voted to the chair and delivered the following address. As some 
Cymmrodorion may not be familiar with the Breton language, an 
English translation of the passage in Breton is appended. " Mr. Mayor, 
Ladies and Gentlemen, The Cellic Congress has met in many lands, 
whose inhabitants are delighted and proud to claim relationship with 
their cousins in Brittany. In some of those coimtries Celtic ideals have 
held their own against the powerful and insidious forces arrayed against 
them ; in others they have slowly and reluctantly succumbed or are in 
danger of giving way. Ireland has displayed incomparable vigour and 
enthusiasm, and emerged from the conflict triumphant ; above all, it 
has signalized its prowess not only by maintaming the ancient Gaelic but 
also by securing for it, within the limits where it survived, the position 
of the oíHcial national language. Scotland has retained its national 
characteristics, but has in a large measure lost the native Gaelic. 
Strenuous efîorts, however, are being made by patriots, collectively 
and individually, to save or restore it, especially in the West and the 
Highlands. Wales during the last forty years has witnessed a national 
renaissance and more recently the establishment of bilingualism, insist- 
ing on the inclusion of Welsh in School and CoUege curricula. The Isle 
of Man can stiU point to about a hundred spealters of the Gaelic, some 

Efeiz Ha Remri 105 

meurbed, hag a zo savet eus ar gann an trec'h ganthi ; 
dreist-holl, he deus tapet brud en eur delc'hen beo ar 
gwezeleg koz, nann hepken en diabarz d'ar c'harter lec'h 
e oa komzet, met gwarantet he deus d'ezan enor eur iez 
broadel. Bro-Skos he deus miret he doareou broadel, 
nemet he deus hanter-gollet he gwezeleg genidik. Labour 
galed, neoac'h, a zo graet gant ar vrogarerien, a-unan 
kevred ha pephini, da salvi anezan pe d'hen miret, ispisial 
en Kuz-Heol an Douar-Uhel. Bro Gemri e pad an daou- 
ugent bloavez diweza he deus gwelet eun dihun broadel, 
ha da ziweza renkadurez ar Skol Diou-iezek. Gant 
goulen digemeradur ar C'hemraeg er Skoliou bras hag er 
Skolachou uhel. Enes Mann a c'hall c'hoaz niveri war dro 

of them born and bred in families where the vei-na,cular has been kept 
up uninterruptedly from generation to generation and froni age to age. 
MoreoYG''. it is now being studied by scholars within and without the 
Island. Cornwall a hmidred years ago reUnquished the ancient Cornish 
as a medium of commerce and in the course of daily Ufe, but for half a 
century it continued to be used sporadically, even after it had popularly 
been given up for dead. Under the influence and inspiration of scholars 
it has arisen from the dust and (happy omen for its future !) a band of 
young Cornishmen have thrown themselves with ardour into the scien- 
tific study of the language and the remnants of its literature. We were 
agreeably surprised during the visit of the Congress to Truro, in 1932, 
to hear speeches and papers delivered in what has for a century been 
practically an obsolete or obsolescent tongue. 

In the c'T-crmistances that I have described, it is but natural that we 
should view your position in Brittany with intense interest and Iively 
sympathy, and should feel a desire to confer with you, on your own 
soil, about subjects of common concern to the several branches of the 
Celtic race. Only once, within my recoUection, has the Congress met 
within the borders of Brittany, namely at Quimper in 1925. We are 
fully conscious of the difficulties with which you are contending in the 
face of the encroachments of the Moloch of Utilitarianism. More par- 
ticularly, we realize that the existence of your beautiful language is 
imperilled. It may be possible, as an outcome of our deliberations here 
this week, to achieve practical results. We might, for example, address 
an appeal to the French Government, to allow Breton to be taught in 
the State Schools in Lower Brittany, where the inhabitants cling to it 
with a passionate devotion and it is inextricably intertwined with their 
religious convictions and practice. But I am anticipating." 

io6 Byeiz Ha Kemri 

kant komzer a Wezeleg, hiniennou anezo, ganet ha maget 
en tiegezou lec'h eo bet miret ar iez heb paouez a remzi 
da remzi hag a oad da oad. Brema eo studiet gant skole- 
rien ebarz ha diavaez an Enezen. Kernew kant vloaz zo 
he deus dilezet ar C'herneweg Koz evel benveg a genwerz, 
hag en implij ordinal ar vuhez, met e pad hanter kant 
vloaz e kendalc'haz da veza war embreg, Bennoz da harp 
ha da skoaziadurez skolerien ez eo adsavet diouz an 
dumen, hag (eüruzamant evit e amzer da zond) eur vanden 
Kernewiz iaouank o deus en em zouget gant herder da 
studial ar iez hag ar pez a zo chomet en dilerc'h e Lennegez. 
Ni zo bet souezet ha plijet e pad hon gweladen da Gen- 
dalc'h Truro, en 1932, o kleved prezegou ha paperou 
lennet en eul langaj hag a oa bet abaoue eur c'hantved 
sellet evel eun doare-komz ankounac'het. 

Evit ar pez a zell an doareou am eus diskuillet, ez eo 
natural d'eomp edrec'hi ouz hon digouez en Breiz gant 
interest bras ha gant karante birvidik, ha santout c'hoant 
da gomz ganeoc'h, war ho tir hoc'h-unan, diwar benn 
sujedou boutin da vrankou niverus ar Ouenn Geltiek. 
Eur wech hepken, am eus envor, eo bet dalc'het ar C'hen- 
dalc'h-ma war harzou Breiz, da lavaret eo en Kemper en 
1921. Ni zo anoudegez ganeomp eus an diezamanchou ho 
peus da c'houzanv en kenver gant pegadennou Moloch an 
Implijadeg. Evit lavaret gwir, ni a wel penoz buhez ho 
iez kaer a zo risk evithi. Posubl a ve, evel achuamant 
d'hon divizadeg ama ar sizun-ma, a peur-glozfemp gant 
gonidou pratik. Ni a dle, vit skouer, kas eur galv d'ar 
Gouarnamant Gall, da c'houlenn ma vo disket Brezoneg 
en Skoliou ar Stad en Breiz-Izel, lec'h eo stag an dud 
outan gant kalz a zoujans ha lec'h eo mesk-divesket gant 
o buhez pemdeziek hag o gizipu a relijion hag a vicher. 
Nemet mond a ran re vuan.^ 

^ A resolutiou to that effect was passcd at the last sitting of the 
Congress and presented to the Ministry of Education in Paris. 

Byeiz Ha Remri 107 

Monsieur le Maire, Mesdames et Messieurs, 

C'est pour moi un bien vif plaisir de vous oftrir, au uom 
du contingent gallois des délégués au Congrès Celtique, 
nos sincères remerciements de votre bieriveillant accueil. 
Nous espérons pouvoir vous prodiguer la même bienvenue 
lorsque ce sera le tour du Pays de Galles de donner asile 
au Congrès. En attendant, nous devons nous contenter 
d'affìrmer la réciprocité des chaleureux sentiments qui ont 
été exprimés aujourd'hui. 

En visitant la Bretagne les membres gallois se sentent 
chez eux, ou du moins en famille. Certains d'entre vous 
connaissent le Pays de Galles, ont assisté au Royal 
National Eisteddfod, assemblée galloise pour l'a^ancement 
de l'Art, de la Littérature et de la Musique, et au Gorsedd 
des Bardes de Grande Bretagne, avec son cérémonial et 
son rituel si pittoresques, qui remonte, croit-on, aux- 
époques les plus reculées de notre civil:sation. Mais qu'ai 
je besoin de m'étendre là-dessus ? Parmi vous n'y en 
a-t-il pas qui ont été admis comme Bardes dans le Cercle 
Mystique ? 

Pour certains d'entre nous, délégués gallois, cette 
visite est simplement le renouvellement d'une ancienne 
connaissance. II y a quinze ans que je ne suis venu en 
Bretagne ; la dernière fois c'était immédiatement après 
la Grande Guerre, alors que le pays commençait à se 
remettre des effets de ce désastreux ouragan de mort et de 
désolation. Nombreux sont les plaisants souvenirs qui se 
pressent autour de mon voyage. Je me rappelle avec joie 
les Bretons dont je fìs alors la connaissance et je garde 
nettement la mémoire des divers objets d'intérêt qui abon- 
dent en Bretagne, surtout pour quiconque arrive de 
Galles. Après les Bretons mêmes, ce qui m'a particu- 
lièrement frappé, ce sont les antiquités, souvenirs d'un 
passé lointain, remontant au Moyen-Age, aux époques 
primitives et aux âges préhistoriques. Pour moi elles 

io8 Breiz Ha Remri 

possèdent un charme tout particulicr, car il y a trente ans 
que je suis membre d'une Commission Royale sur les 
^lonuments Anciens. 

L'intérêt que présente pour nous la Bretagne ne se borne 
pas aux temps modernes. II s'élève au-dessus de toutes 
les considérations personnelles et remonte jusqu'à la 
pénombre d'une ténébreuse et lointaine antiquité. En 
effet, l'histoire primitive de la Bretagne et celle du Pays 
de Galles sont inextricablement entrelacées : les Bretons 
et les Gallois ont toujours été, de temps immémorial, 
indissolublement associés. Par exemple, les Yeneti, tribu 
qui occupait le territoire dont Vannes est le Centre et qui 
a donné son nom à la ville, s'adonnaient au transport de 
I'étain de Cornouailles entre la Grande-Bretagne et la 
Méditerranée, jusqu'au jour où Jules César, jaIoux de leur 
monopole d'une source Iucrative de gains, parvint, après 
d'immenses préparatifs en hommes et en vaisseaux, à les 
anéantir grâce à des avantages écrasants et à une supé- 
rieure stratégie, et concentra tout le trafic en mains 
romaines. Aux Ve et VIe siècles I'Armori^ue et le Pays 
de Galles devinrent inséparablement unis, et leurs rela- 
tions mutuelles furent marquées par un échange ininter- 
rompu de bons offìces et une généreuse rivalité an actes 
de philanthropie et d'humanité. Des fugitifs chassés par 
la Peste Jaune (Y Fall Felen, comme I'appellent les Gal- 
lois) et par les barbares hordes saxonnes qui dévastèrent la 
Grande-Bretagne par le feu et I'épée, trouvèrent refuge en 
Armorique et s'établirent parmi ses occupants, les Gal- 
lois, qui y prédominaient à côté des restes d'une popula- 
tion paîenne encore plus ancienne. 

Au cours des siècles le Pays de Galles se trouva en 
mesure de payer de retour les services que lui avait rendus 
rArmorique. En effet, harassés par leur entourage ennemi, 
obsédés par les assauts du paganisme, les Bretons étaient 
en danger de déchoir de la pureté de leur foi qu'ils avaient 

Breiz Ha Remri 109 

apportée avec eux de la grande-Bretagne. Nous ne 
pouYons oublier que ce fut vers le Pays de Galles qu'ils se 
tournèrent pour avoir des instructeurs, et que les mis- 
sionnaires gallois et cornouaillais, aidés d'apôtres irlan- 
dais, s'acquittèrent à merveille de leur méritoire mission. 
Nous ne pouvons oublier avec quel empressement ils 
coururent au secours de leurs frères bretons en détresse, 
ni la place pré-éminente qu'occupent ces Saints Gallois 
dans vos annales ecclésiastiques. " Des Sept Saints de 
Bretagne " — Samson, Malo, Tugdual, Brive, Paul de Léon, 
Corentin et Padarn — six sont originaires de Galles. 
D'autre part, regardez cette côte nord de la Bretagne, 
parsemée de sites d'églises et de chapelles fondées par des 
saints gallois ou dédiées à leur mémoire — à Dol, Sam- 
son ; à St. Malo, Aelhaiarn, le premier missionnaire qui y 
prêcha et auquel succéda Saint Malo ; à St. Briac, Briac et 
Meugaint ou Mawgan, à qui l'Irlande doit une dette de 
profonde gratitude ; à St. Kirec, Curig ; à St. Ouay, 
Kenen ; à St. Pol, Paulus Aurelianus ; et ailleurs St. 
Cadoc Gildas et Arthmael. Loquivy, près de Lannion et 
Brest, rendent témoignage du charitable labeur de St. 
David, patron de notre pays de Galles. Point n'est besoin 
d'un grand eíîort d'imagination à un Gallois pour se trans- 
porter en ces premiers siècles qui ont vu porter la torche 
lumineuse par ces missionnaires celtiques d'un âge de ténè- 
bres. J'eus la chance d'assister une fois à un Pardon à 
l'église de Sainte Anne d'Auray. Les fidèles assemblés 
me rappelèrent d'une façon frappante les paysans parmi 
mes propres compatriotes de Galles, et par leurs physiono- 
mies et leur attitude générale me fìrent penser à une 
assemblée le jour de la fête de St. David ou à une Session 
méthodiste en Galles. 

These tokens of a common racial origin, a cherished 
kinship and mutual service have probably not been for- 

iio Breiz Ha Kemri 

gotten by you, our Breton cousins. They have certainly 
deeply imprinted themselves on our minds. The last 
twenty years have witnessed a remarkable revival of 
interest in Brittany among us Welsh people. But were 
there any likelihood of our losing out of sight these bonds 
of union, the monuments and memorials that stud the 
surface of Brittany, on the one hand, and on the other, 
Wales, Cornwall, Devon, the Isle of Man, Ireland and 
Scotland, stand, down to this day, as permanent reminders 
of our relationship. These relics bear testimony to the 
existence of a similar culture or civilization in these 
countries and the stages through which they passed, as 
they toiled up the slope of progress, to the supersession of 
the earlier stratum of paganism and its emblems and to 
the final triumph of Christianity. Your geographical 
names remain, to attest the foundation of the Welsh tribal 
organization in Brittany. The province of Leon, for 
example, records the settlement of Welsh colonists from 
Caerleon in Monmouthshire, and the province of Corn- 
uaille perpetuates the name of Cornwall, the original 
habitat of those immigrants who settled in the middle of 
your peninsula. Your parochial terms, like ỳloii (Welsh 
ỳlwyf), a clan ; ho (Welsh bod), a habitation, a cottage ; 
car (Welsh caer), a fortress ; din (Welsh dmas), a fortress, 
place or castle ; lan (Welsh llan), an ecclesiastical enclo- 
sure, a church — meet us almost at every turn in Brittany 
and Wales. No wonder, then, that we feel at home among 

The intercommunication between Brittany and Wales 
did not end with the age of the Saints. As Brittany 
afforded an asylum to the Welsh and Cornish refugees in 
the fifth and sixth centuries, to Prince Arthur in the reign 
of King John, to Richmond during the usurpation of 
Richard III, so Wales and Cornwall in their turn shielded 
Breton victims of outrage, tyranny or persecution. 

Breiz Ha Kemri iii 

There came a time when the ties of blood temporarily 
lost their appeal or force, when confìicts of interest, com- 
merciai competition, struggles of rival factions, poHtical 
ambitions, domestic struggles, deep-seated age-long family 
feuds, bids for personal power and aggrandizement and 
consequent civil war, led to armed -collisions between 
Welshmen and Bretons. Sometimes it was because 
England lay under an obligation, felt or feigned, to inter- 
pose in these intestine discords in Brittany. Sometimes 
under the flag of France and England respectively Welsh- 
men and Bretons became involved in the death-grapple 
for supremacy between these two predominant powers, 
with alternations of victory and defeat. But neither 
political exigencies, nor racial rivalry, nor bigotry, nor 
individual bias, have interrupted for long the union of 
hearts between Brittany and Wales. No wonder, then, 
that we feel at home among you. 

i\nnwyl Gydwladwyr Llydewig, ymhyfrydwn ac ym- 
falchîwn yn y berthynas sy rhyngom ni a chwithau. 
Cydymdeimlwn yn wresog â'ch dyheadau, yn enwedig yn 
eich ymdrechion i gadw'ch iaith frodorol yn fyw yn 
wyneb anawsterau difrifol. Nid chwychwi yw'r trigolion 
cyntaf o'r rhanbarth hwn i fabwysiadu moddion i ym- 
geleddu'r hen Gelteg rhag diflannu ohoni na chael ei 
llygru. Ceir traddodiad yn y Mabinogion, sef un o'r try- 
sorau llenyddol gwerthfawrocaf a feddwn, ac a ddaeth i 
lawr hyd atom ni o gyfnod pellaf ein gwareiddiad. Dy- 
wedir yno i dywysog Cymreig fwrw'i goelbren o du Macsen 
Wledig, — ei gydwladwT, — yn ei ymdrech am orsedd yr 
Ymerodraeth Rufeinig. Wedi dyfod o'r rhyfel i ben, ym- 
sefydlodd y tywysog a'i wyr, os oes coel ar yr hanes, yn 
Armorica, ymhlith paganiaid, a phriodasant wragedd bro- 
dorol. Rhag ofn i'r gwragedd lygru Cymraeg y plant, 
torasant eu tafodau i fíwrdd. Nid oes raid i chwi, Ly- 

112 Breiz Ha Remri 

dawiaid diweddar, ymddwyn mor bendant a chreulon, 
oblegid y mae'r benywaid yn yr oes olau hon yr un mor 
frwdfrydig dros yr iaith a'u g\\'yr. Nid oes arnoch eisiau 
dim mwy na chwarae teg a rhyddid i'r iaith ymdaro 
drosti ei hun. Heblaw cadw'r iaith Lydewig yn fyw, 
ewyllysiwch goleddu eich hunaniaeth genedlaethol yn gy- 
fan, a'ch etifeddiaeth yn ddifwlch. Profasom ninnau yng 
Nghymru yr un anawsterau a chwi. Wynebasom hwynt 
ac a'u gorchfygasom. Bu amser pan ddiystyrid, ie, 
dirmygid y Gymraeg ; gwaherddid hi yn yr ysgohon 
elfennol, a bychanid hi y tu allan. Ond mynasom i'r G^on- 
raeg gael ei lle priodol yng nghyfundrefn addysg Cymru. 
Erbyn hyn y mae iddi ragolwg llewyrchus. Hir y parhao 
hi felly. Credwn fod gan y Cymry rywbeth gwerthfawr 
i'w gyfrannu i gynnydd y Genedl Brydeinig, ac i ogoniant 
yr Ymerodraeth, ac i hyrwyddo hapusrwydd dynolryw. 

Gwyddom fod eich sefyUfa chwi yn Llydaw yn llawn o 
anawsterau. Gwyddom fod y Llywodraeth Ffrengig yn 
cil-lygadu ar y mudiad presennol yn Llydaw, felly rhaid 
troedio'n ysgafn. Heblaw hynn}^ gwaherddir pynciau a 
thrafodaeth bohticaidd yn y Gyngres Geltaidd. Ymfod- 
lonaf , gan hynny, ar ddymuno i chwi Iwyddiant a hawdd- 
amor yn eich penderfyniad i drosglwyddo eich hen iaith 
gynteíìg, eich arferion a'ch sefydhadau i lawr i'ch olynwyr 
ac i genedlaethau sydd ar ddyfod, yn ddidor ac yn ddilwgr. 

Yn y cyfamser diolchwn i chwi, drigoHon Llydaw, am 
eich g\vahoddiad cynnes i ymweld â Dinard, am eich der- 
byniad croesawus, am y trefniadau cyfleus a wnaethoch 
ar ein cyfer, ac am eich gwrandawiad astud. 


Becíor of St. Andrew's, Brunswich Counfy, Yirginia, 1760-69.1 

By B. B. THOMAS, M.A., 

I. The Bachground. 

The Bishop of London was the metropohtan of the 
estabhshed church in Virginia. He was represented by a 
commissary who was responsible for its organization into 
a corporate whole and for the maintenance of disciphne. 
As a rule, he was a colonial clergyman whose authority 
was not greatly respected. Appeals to London were always 
possible and organized opposition to his governance 
amongst the clergy was not unknown.- In the absence 
of an adequate authority few plans were made to deal 

•*■ This is an attempt to co-ordinate much evidence that is scattered 
in several articles. A few new facts are brought to light. Amongst 
those who have tried to improve our knowledge of Goronwy Owen's 
" last phase " are llr. David Lloyd, a Welsh American, who wrote 
seven articles in Y Drych in Jime and July 1916. His nephew, Glan 
Rhyddallt, Llanrug, used David Lloyd's material in a series oí articles 
in Yr Herald Gymraeg in Xovember and December 1928, while the 
■editors of The WiIIiam and Mary Çuarterly (the historical periodical of 
The College of WiUiam and Mary) have published many contributions 
from time to time. The most important of these is found in the issue 
of January 1901 and it was translated in part and reproduced in the 
North Wales News on April 12th, 19th, 26th, 1907. 

I am gratef ul to Miss Eirene Lloyd Jones who secured photostat copies 
of the St. Andrews Vestry Book for me, and to the Rev. G. ^ilaclaren 
Brj^don, D.D., historiograijher of the Diocese of Virginia, for help on 
topographical questions. 

^ The Rev. Thomas Dawson — Goronwy Owen's brother-in-law — was 
commissary mitil 1760. He was succeeded by the Ilev. Mr. Robinson. 

114 Goronwy Owen 

with expansion and parochial reorganization, and the 
general supervision of tlie clergy was lax.^ 

The sixties of the eighteentli century in Virginia were 
difíìcult days. The colonial controversy had already 
begun ; cliampions of separatism were critical of the 
English connection, and in spite of the fact of the sympathy 
of most Anglican clergymen, tlie establishment as such 
was only too frequently suspect in the eyes of the more 
ardent colonists. Dissent, in its evangelical form, had 
appeared after the Wesley mission and Whitfield visited 
the colony in the course of most of his American itiner- 

It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the emigrant 
clergy from England, upon whom the colony depended, 
were not of the highest quality.- The country was 
sparsely populated and parish priests lived in isolation 
with few cultural amenities, few books, iio hopes of pre- 
ferment, no adequate housing and much insecurity in 

The country depended mainly on tobacco growing, and 
the salary of the clergy was fixed in terms of tobacco. In 
most parishes there was a flat rate of 16,000 Ibs. per 
annum plus 1,280 Ibs. " for cask and shrinkage ". There 
might be some glebeland which could be planted on the 
minister's own responsibility. Some clergymen who pos- 
sessed some business ability acquired property and became 
active tobacco planters. Others opened schools and added 
to their incomes in this way. All alike were entitled to 
fees for funerals, weddings, baptisms and Easter offerings, 

1 For a (letailed acoonnt of the condition of the cluirch in Yiifiinia in 
tho eighteenth century vide The Separation oj Chiiich (ind State in 
Yirginia, H. J. Eckenrode. 

^ " The clergy appear as a narrow and quarrelsome set cf nien ainong 
%vhom were some without conscience or morals " (Article in The Tinies, 
Deeember 31st, 1931, reviewing the contents of the private papers of 
Sir Francis Nicholson (1655-1728), Goveriior of Yirginia). 

Goronwy Owen 115 

and one estimate places the possible addition from this 
source only, as high as fifty per cent. 

The " parsons' grievance " arose on account of the 
fluctuations in the price of tobacco. The money value of 
his income obviously varied with this. According to the 
so-called " Two Penny Act " passed by the Assembly of 
Virginia in 1752, no minister was allowed to receive the 
excess value of tobacco if the price rose above twopence 
per Ib. This Act was interpreted to mean that the clergy 
could claim their salary at the twopenny rate even if that 
price was not maintained and as lower grades of tobacco 
were selling at a penny per Ib. during this period there is 
reason to think that the clergy benefitted on the whole.^ 
Controversy continued to rage into the sixties of the 
century, but much depended on the good relations of the 
incumbent and the parishioners. 

Politically, Yirginia was a colony with its own governor 
appointed by the Crown. Its Constitutional Assembly 
consisted of a small upper house, called the Council, which 
represented a few families and a lower house, called the 
House of Burgesses, which was constituted by the election 
of two representatives from each county. From 1760 
onwards the Lower House gained in authority under the 
leadership of Patrick Henry, and during this period it 

^ The 1752 Act, however, left a sense of grievance amongst the 
clergy because in a time of rising prices it took no account of their lean 
years when tobacco had sold below 2d. per Ib. In 1760, the Rev. Mr. 
Robinson, the commissary at that time, complained to the Bishop of 
London that " The parsons' tobacco is always of the meanest quality " 
(p. 463. Perry's Historical Collections of Yirginiá). This was a particu- 
larly rebellious year. The clergy of the colony who suspected that the 
commisary was betraying their interests to the Governor, Assembly 
and Veätr5'men, actually appointed the Rev. William Webb to return 
to England to intercede with the Bishop. They desired to vindicate 
their claim to the money value of the tobacco when its price exceeded 
2d. per Ib. Webb did not go but stepped into Goronwy Owen's post in 
the College of WiUiam and Mary. In 1763 the Rev. Alexander Whyte 
brought an imsuceessful suit to this end. 


ii6 Goronwy Owen 

entered upon the most tense phase of its struggle with the 
Governor for the poHtical control of the colony. 

The local administrative units were coterminous with 
the ecclesiastical parishes which had their vestries. These 
consisted of a select body of about twelve men who, sub- 
ject to an obhgation to take the oath of allegiance and to 
subscribe to the rules and ceremonies of the Church of 
England, and with the right to resign, were elected by the 
free vote of the freeholders or householders for hfe. New 
members were added as vacancies arose. " Vestryman " 
was a recognized status. The rector of the parish was an 
ex-oficio member and the principal offìcers appear to have 
been a trustee^ and the coUector of taxes, who was obliged 
to provide a bond of security. 

The vestry met twice or three times a year. The oíhcial 
year ended in November, December or January, when 
accounts were submitted, paupers let, incomes from fìnes 
aUotted, details of church expenditure approved and the 
íuture rate to be levied íìxed. This varied according to the 
amount of the expenditure and to the price of the tobacco. 
Rates were paid according to the value of the property 
owned. They were assessed in Ibs. of tobacco. 

This is the background of Goronwy Owen's life as a 
country parson in Virginia from 1760 to 1769. 

II. A Chronology. 

The parish of St. Andrew's covered the northern half 
of Brunswick County, and was about seventy-fìve miles as 
the crow flies from Williamsburg. In 1760 the county 
retained many of the characteristics of a frontier county, 

^ This officer " was empowered to receiv-e all the money (Uie to the 
said Parish and likewise to bring suit and prosecute for the same " (St. 
Andrew's Yestry Minute Book). 

Goronwy Owen 117 

and the inhabitants of St. Andrew's parish were required 
by the vestry to beat the bounds and report periodically. 

The parish was about thirty miles long by twenty miles 
wide and, if the method of estimating the population at 
three times the number of tithables be accepted, its 
inhabitants numbered approximately 5,247 in 1760 and 
6,579 in 1769. These would include white men and negroes, 
whose relative number at this time is calculated roughly 
in the ratio of 3 to 1.^ Lawrenceville, the county town, 
was then in the parish, but the vestry met in the court- 
house in another part of the parish until the middle church 
was completed in 1766. 

In 1760 there were two churches in the parish, one 
called the Church, and the other Kittlestick Chapel.^ A 
third was added during Goronwy Owen's incumbency (in 
1762-66) and thereafter the churches were called the 
Lower Chapel, the Middle Chapel and the Upper Chapel, 
the Middle Chapel superseding the Kittlestick Chapel.^ 
One service was held in each of these every Sunday. 

The parish had not been happy under the ministry of 
the Rev. George Purdie,^ by whose death in the spring of 
1760 the beneíìce had become vacant. He had been 
intemperate and the Vestry had presented him to the 
Bishop's commissary for trial, but afterwards he had been 
restored on a promise of good behaviour. 

Goronwy's entry into the parish was not made under 
auspicious circumstances. The parishioners had two 
clergyTOen on their hands, viz. the Rev. Mr. Patrick 

1 Vide p. 352, Vol. II, The Ojficial Records of Robert Dinwiddie. The 
number of tithables is given in the parish Vestry book each year 

2 The Rev. G. Maclaren Brydon writes : " A Kittlestick (Rettle- 
stick) is a long paddle-like stick used in stirring the contents of a kettle 
when pork fat is being rendered into lard. It is pronounced Kittlestick 
by uneducated negroes and poor whites." 

^ St. Andrew's Vestry Book Minutes, December 14th, 1764. 
* The Rev. George Purdie had been rector since 1751. 

ii8 Goronwy Owen 

Lunan, a person apparently of their own choice, and the 
Rev. Gronow Owen, bearing the authority of the Governor 
of the Colony. The Vestry on August 25th, 1760 
" ordered that the Reverend Gentlemen Mr. Patrick Lunan 
and Mr. Gronow Owen be received into this Parish as 
Probationers untill the tenth Day of November next and 
that they be paid the usual salary for a Minister to be 
divided between them in proportion to the time of their 
attendance in the said Parish ",^ and further resolved to 
petition the Governor in the following terms : 

" To the Honourable Francis Fauquier Esqr his 
Majesty's Lieutenant Governour and Commander in 
Chief of the Colony and Dominion of A'irginia. 

" The Petition of the Church Wardens and \'estry of 
the Parish of Saint Andrew humbly shew. That this 
Vestry being apphed to the Reverend Mr Patrick Lunan 
and since such apphcation by the Reverend Mr Gronow 
Owen who had 3^our Honour's Letter of Recommendation 
Directed to us and they being intire Strangers to us We 
therefore have agreed with the said Gentlemen to take 
them both upon Trial until the tenth Day of November 
next. And tahing it into consideration that your Honour 
may in the mean Time make Presentation into the Parish 
of such Minister as your Honour shaU please. \^'e there- 
fore humbly petition your Honour that in your Clemency 
you'l suffer us to make trial of those Gentlemen and at the 
expiration of such Time choose for ourselves. And you 
Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

Edward Goodrich\ „, , ,t,, , ,, 
RobertBriggs /Church Wardens. 

Goronwy seems to have acted e^peditiousl}' for on 
September löth the Governor granted him a " presenta- 

^ " To the Ve.stry belonged the appointment of their parish clergymen 
though actual üiduction was placed in the hands of the Governor. 
Yestries were however able to elude the necessities of this step by 
appointing the ministers only from year to year. After it the minister 
eould claim a Hfo tenurc and became at once independent of his congre- 
gation's favour or disfavour " {Cambridgc History of thc British Empire, 
p. 786, Vol. I). 

Goronwy Owen 119 

tion, institiiting, collating and inducting the Reverend 
Gronow Owen into the Parish of St. Andrew's and nnto 
the rectory, benefice and cure thereof." 

The vestry on December 13th, 1760 concluded its pay- 
ments to the late Mr. Purdie's relatives. It paid off 
Lunan^ but, as the following resolution proves did not 
accept Goronwy wiHingly : 

" The Yestry having made trial of the Reverend Mr 
Patrick Lunan and the reverend Mr Gronow Owen 
according to an order of Vestry dated 25th day of August 
1760 do make choice of neither of the said gentlemen as 
minister of this Parish."^ 

There is no record of any payment to Goronwy for his 
services during this probationary period, and it seems that 
he was prepared to bide his time until the Hving fell to him 
legally, on the Governor's mandate, irrespective of the 
Vestry's wishes. This interim period ended on June 22nd, 
1761, when the Governor's letter was accepted at a meeting 
of the Vestry held in the courthouse : 

" This day was shewn to the Vestry and read a presenta- 
tion from the honourable Francis Fauquier, Esqr. his 
Majesty's Lieutenant Governor and Commander in chief 
of the Colony and dominion of Virginia instituting, 
cohating and inducting the reverend Gronow Owen into 
the Parish of St. Andrews and unto the rectory benefice 
and cüre thereof having date under the seal of the colony 
the fifteenth day of September 1760."^ 

" It was further ordered that the Revd. Mr Gronow 

^ " It was ordered that the CoUector pay out of last year's coUection 
unto the reverend Mr Patrick Lunan £27/18/- for three thousand two 
hundred and ninety two and half pounds of Tobacco at 2d. per Ib. ; 
for attending the parish as minister on trial for ten weeks " (St. Andrew's 
Vestry Book). 

Before the end of the year Lunan was Rector of Suffolk Church in 
the same county. The Vestry presented him to the Bishop in 1766, and 
he appears to have lived on hostile terms with his parishioners drawing 
his stipend and holding the glebe without preaching until 1775, when he 
was paid £300 to resign ÍWillìam and Mary Quarterly, July 1931, p. 237). 

2 St. Andrew's Vestry Book. 

120 Goronwy Owen 

Owen's salary begins on New Year's Day last " and " that 
the collector pay unto the Reverend Mr Gronow Owen for 
six months salary 85C0 Ibs Tobacco."^ 

From this meeting onwards he becomes one of the 
signatories of the minutes of vestry meetings. 

His title was now estabhshed and on August 20th, 1761, he 
completedadeedof purchase of some four hundred acres of 
land from Wilham Cocke and Rebecca his wife. The price 
paid was £90. ^ As this land was part of Mrs. Cocke's dowry 
a further deed was necessary, dated February 27th, 1762, 
in which, she declared that the sale was concluded " with- 
out the persuasion or threats of the said Wilham Cocke ".* 

At the meeting of the Vestry on December 3rd, 1761, 
arrangements for the new rector's salary were completed. 
Apart from casual receipts for baptisms, weddings, burials, 
his stipend consisted of 16,000 Ibs. of tobacco, 1,120 Ibs. 
for cask and shrinkage, and 1,000 Ibs. in Heu of the glebe,^ 
making a total of 18,120 Ibs. per annum. At the " two 
penny rate " of the Act of 1752 the Hving was therefore 
worth £151. If his plantation was wisely managed he 
probably added substantiahy to this. FinanciaUy, there- 
fore, Goronwy was better off at St. Andrew's than at any 
other time in his Hfe. 

The next Vestry meeting was held on January 25th, 
1762. The rector was present, but the election of a parish 
cohector was the only business. The meeting on April 
13th, 1762, was a fuHer one. Compensation in Heu of 
glebe was íìxed and steps were taken for the re-building of 
the " lower chappeU " according to the dimensions of the 
" upper new chappeü ". 

1 Ibid. 

" Vide Appendix I. 

^ Brunswiclt Coiinty Couit Deeds. 

'' He actually received " 2000 Ibs for the present and ensuing year ". 
On April 13th, 1762, he agreed to accept " 1000 Ibs per annum in lieu 
of glebe during his life or incuinbencj^ of the Parish " (St. Andrew's 
Vestry Book). 

Goronwy Owen 121 

The next meeting was held on November 24th, 1762. 
Items in respect of the rector's salary were passed, and it 
was also ordered " that the collector pay the Reverend 
Gronow Owen /2 10/- for keeping and carrying to church 
the Sacramental Plate the ensuing year".^ Steps were 
also taken to prepare a site for a new middle church, and 
it was decided to present " a petition to the General 
Assembly to sell the Glebe land in this Parish ".^ 

The rector was not present at the next meeting held on 
February 28th, 1763, when the only item of business con- 
cerned the arrangements for building the new lower and 
middle churches. He was present at the next meeting on 
May 16th when the churchwardens were instructed " to 
advertise and sell the glebeland in this Parish to the 
highest bidder agreeable to the acts of the Assembly ".^ 

The next Vestry was held on December 29th. The 
rector was present and he was granted an extra 70 Ibs. of 
tobacco in respect of " casks and shrinhage on the glebe 
allowance ".* He also received £2 lOs. " for keeping and 
carrying to church the sacramental plate ".^ 

^ St. Andiew's YestryBook. Thisdutyhadpreviouslybeenperformedby 
John Clack, one of the Yestrymen, who had received a similar annualsum 
together with an allowance of 50s. "for wine f or the use of the commimion". 

- This petition was presented imraediately. It was read three times 
between December lOth and 22nd, 1762. It received the assent of the 
Council on the latter date and was included amongst the Bills passed 
during the session (Journal of the House of Burgesses, 1761-5). 

^ St. Andrew's Vestry Book. 

^ This addition of 1 Is. 8d. to his stipend was again voted on December 
14th, 1764, and thereafter was merged in his salary. 

^ The shadows of the War of Independence may lie behind the follow- 
ing entry in the Yestrj- MLiiutes for this meeting : " Buckner Stith 
refused to qualify as a vestryman by taldng the oath of allegiance ". 
Colonial politics were of interest to St. Andrew's Parish, were it only 
from the fact that between 1758 and 1769 out of the six representatives 
of Brunswick county in the House of Burgesses four were vestrjTnen 
of the parish, viz. Wüliam Thornton, Edward Goodrich, Frederick 
Maclin and Thomas Stith. The sheriffs of the county for the period 
were Edward Goodrich and John Clack, also vestrj^nen of the parish. 

122 Goronwy Owen 

This year, 1763, also saw Goronwy's third marriage. 
His wife was Jean (lona) Simmons, the daughter of 
Wilham Simmons.^ She was probably froni the parish. 
According to his letter to Richard Morris, dated July 23rd, 
1767, there were three children of the marriage. A 
daughter, named Jane, was born after this date.- The 
other children were John Lloyd, Goronwy and Richard 
Brown. Robert, alone, of the children of his íìrst mar- 
riage survived. 

The vestries for 1764 were held on May 28th, October 
22nd and December 14th. Goronwy was present in all. 
He was ahowed £2 12s. " for wine for the sacrament for 
the year 1762-63 ". The main items of business dealt 
with the building and furnishing of the new chapels. It 
was resolved on December 14th to advertise and sell both 
" the Kittlestick Chappel " and the " old upper chappell 
to the highest bidder on twelve months credit ". The 
new lower chappell was also received in a íìnished state. 

The same minutes show that a dispute regarding pay- 
ments for sacramental wine had arisen. The vestry 
restored this responsibility to John Clack deciding that he 
be paid £ò ' ' f or keeping and carrying to church the sacra- 
mental plate and providing wine " while the rector was 
to be paid " £4/19/9 in respect of wüie to the sacrament 

^ The Siinmons family \va.s represented in St. Andrew's. Vide Appen- 
dix II for the proeession list. Thomas Simmons was appointed ve3tr\Tnan 
on December 22nd, 1766, and coUector in Xovember 1767. He was 
also churchwarden in 1767 and 1768. 

^ Goronwy's last letter is given Ln a Welsh translation in l' Geninen, 
1889, p. 247. It was written to his wife at St. Andrew's : " Fy nghyngor 
ydyw gadael Dickey a Goronwy gyda'u tad a chyrchu Janey a Jackey 
gyda chwi yn y gadair . . . dylesdsw^y-dd i Dad a Mam ". The letter was 
originally j)ubHshed by a great grandson in Y Drych Americanaidd in 
July 1875. The daughter does not appear in his will. (Yide Appendix 
III.) The existence of this letter is further confirmed by another great- 
grandson, Dr. Glendower Owen, in a letter dated Se})tember I8th, 1892, 
to the Rev. Daniel Rowlands (Shankland MSS.). The registers of the 
parish for these years are lost. 

Goronwy Owen 123 

for the previous year ".^ The cost of sacramental wine 
had doubled during the last two years. For the period 
January 1763 to December 1764 instead of being asked to 
pay at the standard rate of £2/10/- per annum the parish 
was presented with an additional bill for £4 19s. 9d. This 
may have been due to the higher price of the wine rather 
than its increased consumption.^ 

The íìrst vestry of 1765 was held on March 25th, and the 
rector was present. He also witnessed the will of one 
Freeman \Valker on October 19th.^ The minutes of the 
vestry meeting November 25th are changed in form and 
handwriting,^ and the rector is not amongst those reported 
present. His absence has its explanation. On May 27th 
he was presented by a Grand Jury " for being drunk and 
profane swearing " on the evidence of John Maclin, 
Senior, the Parish Trustee. A true bill was returned, and 
on July 27th he was convicted and fined " 5/- or 50 Ibs. 
of tobacco and costs to be paid to the churchwardens of 
St. Andrews for the use of the poor."^ 

This episode probably kept him from the vestry meeting 
of January 27th, 1766, but he was present at the annual 

^ St. Andrew's Vestry Book. 

2 On November 25th, 1765, Thomas Stone was paid 500 Ibs. of tobacco 
for carrying the i^late, and John Clack voted £5 8s. for wme. This is 
more than the amoimt claimed by the rector in December 1764 and it 
is difficult to see why Clack should be paid without a dispute. 

^The will was proved on June 22nd, 1766. Quoted William and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. 21, p. 268. 

* After his institution the minutes of vestry meetings were kept by 
the Rector. 

^ Bnmswick County Order Books, quoted William and Mary 
Çuarterly, 1900-01, Vol. 9, pp. 152-64. In extenuation it may be men- 
tioned that the inhabitants of Brunswick County had petitioned against 
their magistrates : " Mr John Clack and Mr Wm. Tiiornton who were 
guilty of extraordinary conduct in releasing notoriously bad characters 
and in consenting to appear on the bench in trials in which they were 
personally interested " {The Calendar of State Papers (Virginia), Vol. I, 
p. 258). Both were parishiorers of St. Andrew's. 

124 Goronwy Owen 


vestry on December 22nd of the same year. By this time 
the three parish chapels were complete and in full use. 

In July 1767 he wrote his " Marwnad i Lewis Morris " 
and his letter to Richard Morris is dated July 23rd.i His 
words show that in personal relations he was anything but 
happy in his country parsonage. 

He was present at the vestry meeting on November 
23rd, 1767, and one entry seems to prove that the sum of 
£4 19s. 9d. for wine that had been voted him in December 
1764 had been paid all too unwilhngly.- The last vestry 
of the year was held on December 26th, and the rector 
was present. 

He was again present at the only vestry held in 1768, 
viz. June 27th, when routine business was transacted. 

The vestry on January 14th, 1769, was held in the 
middle church. The rector was present and his signature 
occurs for the last time. When the vestry next met on 
July 22nd the Rev. Thomas Lundie was inducted into the 
rectory benefìce and cure of the parish for Goronwy was 
dead. He had apparently been unwell in the early sum- 
mer and had gone to Blandford about forty miles distant 
to stay with his brother-in-law. He wrote his wife on 
June 24th, 1769, asking her to join him, bringing the two 

1 " Hiliogaeth lladron o bob gwlad yw'r rhan fwyaf o drigolion y 
fangre hon ac y mae ysfa diawledig ar eu dwylaw i fod yn ymyrreth a 
phethau pobl eraill ac i wybod pob ysmice a fo rhwng sais geni a'i 
gydwladwyr yn Lloegr. Diwradd o chwant sydd arnynt gael gwybod 
helyntion g^vyr o Brydain a pha im a wnelont ai rhoi gair da i'r wlad 
a'r bobl yn eu Ilythyrau ai peidio. . . . Nid oes o'm teulu Seisnig yn fyw 
ond fy mab Rhobert. . . . Yr wyf yn briod a'm trydydd wraig, a chennyf 
dri o blant a aned yma heblaw Robin. Gwlad dda helaethlawn yw'r 
wlad yma ond nawdd Duw a'i saint rhag y trigolion oddigerth y sawl 
ohonynt sydd Saeson ; ac nid da mohonynt hwythau oll." (Llythyr 
at Richard Morris o Bnmswick, Gorff. 23, 1767.) 

2 The entry reads : " Ordered that Col. John Maclin Trustee for this 
parish have credit in his account against the parish . . . it being an order 
of vestry paid the Revd. Mr Gronow Owen £4/19/9." {St. Andrew'a 
Yestry Book.) 

Goronwy Owen 125 

youngest children with her and leaving the other two with 
her parents. He was then seriously ill.^ His will is dated 
July 3rd.2 Sometime between that date and July 22nd 
he died, and it is practically certain that according to 
colonial custom he was buried on his own plantation.^ 

1 Letter quoted in Y Geninen, 1889, p. 247, Y Drych Americanaidd, 
July 1875, and Llais y Wlad, September 24th, 1875 (vide Note 2, p. 122). 

- Vide Appendix III. 

3 Vide articles by Rev. A. P. Gray, " Outline of evidence concerning 
burial-place of Gronow Owen " {William and Mary Quarterly, Series II, 
Vol. 8, pp. 213-15), and David Lloyd's articles in Y Drych, June and 
July 1916. 


I. Deed of sale of land. William Cocke and Rebecca his 
wife to Mr. Gronow Owen. 

II. List of parishioners of St. Andrew's as they were 
grouped " to procession all the lands ". December 
29th, 1763. 

III. The will of Goronwy Owen, &c. 



THIS INDENTURE, made the twentyeth day of 
August in the íìrst year of the King of our Sovereign 
Lord King George the Third by the Grace of God of Great 
.Britain France^ and Ireland King defender of the Faith 
&c and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and sixty one, between Wilham Cocke and Rebecca his 
wife of the County of Lunenburg of the one part, and the 
Reverend M. Gronow Owen of the County of Brunswick 
of the other part. WITNESSETH : that the said 
Wihiam Cocke and Rebecca his wife for and in considera- 
tion of the sum of ninety pounds Current money of Vir- 
ginia to them in hand paid by the said Gronow Owen at 
and before the inseahng and dehvery of these presents 
the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge have 
granted bargained and sold ahened enfeoffed released and 
coníìrmed and by these presents do grant bargain and 
sell ahen enfeoff release and coníìrm unto the said Gronow 
Owen his heirs and assigns forever one certain tract or 
parcel of land containing four hundred acres situate lying 
and being in the County of Brunswick on the South side 
of Reedy Creek which said tract or parcel of land was 
granted to John Jones by letters patent bearing date at 
\\'ilhamsburg the twentyeth day of August one thousand 
seven hundred and sixty in the thirty fourth year of the 
Reign of his late Majesty George the second, reference 
thereto being had may more fully and at large appear and 
bounded as followeth, to-wit : 

Beginning at a pine on the said creek below the upper 
Fork thence North seventy three degrees East one hundred 
& seventy poles to a black Jack near a road, thence North 

^ This part of the title was not abandoned in deeds until after the 
Treaty of Amiens, 1802. 

128 Appcndices 

thirteen degrees West three hundred and twenty six poles 
to a sloping pine, thence South seventy three degrees west 
one hundred and ninety eight poles to two white oaks, on 
the Reedy Creek aforesaid, thence down the same as it 
meanders to the beginning and the reversion and rever- 
sions remainder and remainders rents issues profits and 
services of the said tract or parcel of land and premises 
with the appurtenances and also all the estate right title 
and interest claim and demand whatsoever of him the 
said William Cocke and Rebecca his wife of in and to the 
said tract or parcel of land and premises with the appur- 
tenances and of in and to any part and parcel thereof. 
TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said four hundred acres 
of land and premises with the appurtenances and every 
part and parcel thereof to the said Gronow Owen his 
heirs and assigns to the only proper use and behoof of him 
the said Gronow Owen his heirs and assigns forever, and 
the said William Cocke and Rebecca his wife for them- 
selves their and each of their heirs Exors and Admrs and 
assigns do covenant and promise by these presents to and 
with the said Gronow Owen his heirs Exors and Admrs 
that he the said WlIIiam Cocke and Rebecca his wife the 
said tract or parcel of land and premises with the appur- 
tenances and every part and parcel thereof against them- 
selves their and each of their heirs Exors and assigns and 
against all and every person and persons whatsoever to 
the said Gronow Owen his heirs Exors and Admrs shall 
and will warrant and forever defend. 

IN WITNESS whereof the said WiIIiam Cocke and 
Rebecca his wife have hereunto set their hands and 
afftxed their seals the day and year first above written. 

William Cocke (Seal) 
Rebecca Cocke (Seal) 

Interlined before signed these 
w^ords, to-wit, with the appurten- 
ances and also these words, to-wit 
and against all and every other 
person and persons whatsoever, 
and also the word to-wit, Wife. 



Sealed and delivered in 
presence of 

At a Court held for Brunswick County the 24th day of 
August 1761. This indenture was acknowIedged by 
Wilham Cocke party thereto and ordered to be recorded. 


John Robinson, Clerk of Court. 

Deed Book 7, page 7. 


Burgess Wall. Charles Mason 

Lewelling Jones William Averis 
Hubbard Quarles James Quarles 

Thomas Stone 
Robert Briggs 
Buckner Stith 
Henry Edmunds 
Nicholas Edmunds 

Philemon Lacey 
Giles Kelly 
William Edwards 
John Powel 
William Stith 

Nathaniel Harrison Thomas Stith 

Drury Stith 
William Maclin 
Frederick Rives 
John Hagood 
John Rose 
Edward Robinson 
James Parham 
Robert Lanier 
William Edwards 
Joseph Carter 
Daniel Mabey 
Samuel Harwell 
John Pettway 
John Maclin, 

Thomas Sadler 
Matthew Parham 

Richard Busch Jr. 
James Fisher 
William Downing 
James Tapley 
Joseph Crook 
William Read 
Mason Bishop 
Owen Strange 
Henry Simmons 
John Andross 
Richard Johnson 

Benjamin Johnson David Meredith 
William Lucas Wm Harrison 
John Turbyfill George Clarke 
George Stainboch John Clock 

Cuthbert Smith 
Adam Simins 
Samuel Lucas 
John Denton 
James 011iver 

Robert Hicks 
Ralph Jackson 
Charles Lucas 
John 011iver 
Nathaniel Mabey 
George Tatum 

John Tilman 

Alexander Watson David Smith 
Wm Thornton (Church Warden), Ed 
Goodrich, Hugh WiUiams and Thomas Twitty could be 
added as other inhabitants of substance. 

130 Appendices 


The Will of Goronwy Oiven : — 

From the Will Books of Brunswick Coiinty, quoted 
from the William and Mary Çuarterly, Vol. 9 (1901-2). 
In the name of God Amen : 

I Goronwy Owen of the parish of St. Andrews in the 
connty of Brunswick do make my last will and Testa- 
ment in manner as followeth, viz. First, I resign my 
soul into the hands of Almighty God trusting and not 
doubting the resurrection to Eternal hfe and as to my 
wordly estate which it hath pleased God to bestow on 
me in this Hfe I give and demise as followeth. 
Item. I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife 
lona Owen the plantation and land where my dwelling 
House is, during her life and after her decease to equally 
divide amongmy four sons Robert Owen, Richard Brown 
Owen, Goronwy Owen and John Lloyd Owen to them 
and their heirs for ever. As to my personal estate I 
leave it to the discretion of my Executors. I do nomi- 
nate and appoint William Brown and Beverly Brown 
Executors of this my last will and testament whereof I 
have hereunto set my hand and afhx my seal this third 
day of July one thousand seven hundred and sixty 
nine Gronw Owen. 


Signed sealed and delivered in presence of 

Drury Bricket Jun. 
Frances Parham \ ^^ 
Sarah Brown / 
At a court held for Brunswick County. The 26 day of 

March 1770. 

This will was presented in court by W'illiam Brown and 
Beverly Brown the executors therein named proved by 
the oaths of Drury Bricket Jr. and Sarah Brown two of 
the witnesses thereunto and ordered to be recorded. 
And the said Executors now in court refusing to take 

^ His wife's farnily was " Brown " on tho mother's side and yds 
youngest son was named Richard lírown Owen. There werc " Par- 
hams " iii his own parish. Vide Appendix II. 

Apỳendices 131 

upon themselves the burthen of the execution thereof . ^ 
On the motion of Daniel Fisher Gent who made oath 
according to law certificate is granted him for obtain 
letters of administration on the said decedent's estate 
with the will annexed giving security. Whereupon the 
said David Fisher with Wihiam Brown his security 
entered into and acknowiedged their bond in the penalty 
of one thousand pounds for the said Daniei Fisher's due 
and faithful administration on the said decedent's 
estate and perfomance of his will Test 

Edw Fisher 
Cl Court 

An inventory and appraisement of the Estate of the 
Reverend Mr Groner Owen deceased taken the 24th day 
ofApril 1770.2 

A negro named Peg Old 

,, wench named young Peg 
A do boy, Bob 

,, Stephen 

A desk black walnut 
Six walnut chairs 
A smaller ditto 
A Bed and furniture 
A large looking glass 
A small dressing glass 

6 maps 

7 pictures 25/-, 1 painted chest 4/- 
1 painted table 7/6, 5 rush bottomed chairs 

7/6 15 

1 corner cubbard 20/-, 1 painted cubbard 

2/6 12 6 

^ The delay in execution may have been (hie to the attempt of the 
Vestry to reclaim that part of his salary that had been overpaid him. 
On July 22n(l, 1769 it was " Ordered that the Churchwardens of tlie 
parish prosecute a suit against the Executors of the Revd Mr Gronow 
Owen decd for the ballance of Tobacco overpaid him for the part of his 
Salary due for the past year which appears to be 8500 Ibs " (St. Andrew's 
Vestry Book). This was equivalent to the sum of £71 6s. 8d. at the 
2cl. rate. 

2 This does not include his plantation. 





















1 17 6 

3 17 6 


16 3 
13 9 



10 3 

1 Cow and Yearling 

2 Heifers 37/6, 1 grey mare 40/- 
1 grey horse 

1 stone jugg 1/3, 2 large pewter dishes 15/- 
9 pewter plates 11/3, 1 iron pott 2/6 
1 brass Rettle 12/6, 1 gun 12/6 
a parcel of earthenware &c 3/9, 1 Crosscut 
saw 17/6 

1 grindstone 6d, 1 spade 3/9, 1 ink-stand 

2 handboards of walnut 3/9, 3 knives and 
forks 2/- 

1 coffee pott 4, 1 chair &c £10 

Book foHos 1 large Comon prayer Book 
Ainsworth Quarto Dictionary 
Collection of Poems 

3 years travel thro China 
English Creed Consentry &c 

2 sermons 

West Defence (Octavo) of the Christian 

2 Magazines 1 /3 Rogers Dictionary 7/6 
Leland's Views of writers 2 vols 
Shaw's practice of Physic 2 vols 
Prideaeux Connection 2 vol 
Mainwaring Acct of classic authors 
Lewis preservation 1 vol 
Sherlock on Death 
Combers occasional ofhcers 
Taylors Holy Living 
Sherlocks Discourses 2 Vols 
Walkers Epictetus 
Milton Poems 2 Vols 12 mo 
King's Pantheon 
A parcel of old authors, Greek Latin 

Hebrew Welsh^ and French Grammar, 

in number 150 

^ Richard Morris sent him a letter enclosing Y Diddanweh Teuluaidd. 
Vide p. 647, Monwyson (Asaph). The letter in Y Drych Americanaidd, 
1875 (snpra), describes such a volume as a treasured heirloom in the 






1 10 

































The Christian's pattern 

Universal Gazeteer 

Terrence's Play by — 

The Sanctuary of a Troubled Soul 

Taylor's Rule of Conscience 










149 6 4(?) 

Tohn Clack "^ _ , . ^ • i /- ^ 

Thomas Stith l Returned into Brunswick Court 
Francis YoungJ the 26th day of November 1770. 

ÖlîSìÙ; v.i^ ,.i«. -. .^^ 

DA y Cymmrodor