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Full text of "Yesode ha-sotsyologyah (raʼshe perakim be-torat ha-ḥevrah)"

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rria pmcA nw ^aa yT "ww wvm by -wk to Sas 

nin'pvt *)3 . ww D'aaiDno irwi inn to, dp fnw nyra 
w iWwn *imt , Dn'Sir looarw nicirn toi nWi D':r<n 
knwja w myn^ oBipo rw i» , o«niann vorva mta 
nunon mina nuennn niu'irn nuy») nS»in o'Jpion nnn 
mai ifK , i y a c a 'ma "wr ima tnun »io ^y 

. B«mann owm rntya , arm iina , a*prc iew 
n« manS a'»o , *toiun o*wn , nm vnann «nrn 
nun nam . nwu nm pan nrt , nine top "wh aion 
■, B*t*an B'O'n Sr ioibh min p»n 't'to *upn iid^ n*nn 
rwwn mim -pna nxaovn 1 ? hw wh >:min irffi 
orm ay -nepna ma , B'^KiTanjwn vn Tana TQtfoi 
fljnrn D-wn nw ntna irn mann .niwwn bo B"Ston 
nn»a ai rwtn miaya . B-wn t to , oya dpd , nairya 
iya om'iwj naa d'iito , ccycn c^won a'topn tijt 
*tv avfrm rbtt — o*rcn jraio n» imon tonyn 
, D'lnn B^aii to arnn^ Baato ty Bwxion , narnan 
B'anwn r/» . tfyyn oitt ton orrhy rem nS nm* 
vu mmaai nai njtwa B'-voan , Wan to> b'jbkki 
ewi6 nnin . n'to owsain a^iraon n« nvm iti too 
ntoaV ,bj?d oyo bj bk .nvrisun 'iion maw nSwi 

, rwin iik 'amo^ b'djh B"jmjn b*to niyann 







.n'liSi'xmn ' 1 1 u » 



-4 



tpawpn ppien nn jvya "ip "raw - irvpn • 'yaa d*di 
aaiioi nuJ n'tn nm nnann »a , atpin ^me* ma , c 
nnnnD in" aaniisi nias DPU"wmw moa . waiiwna •w 
»n**P jjiik mn rnann . n>n vai bbvtmn , nam 

?p npVn nvaan mnncnnn *t ?y np?n mSwrr 
corm laino int* cYy kti niiTMimn . ni'iam riftijurt 
?a nit may?- n^jiDD ion dphiik? noma ^>aK . n"t?D3 
, mnnennn ^» nifiipnn 
^iyc6 p cj rwrranwn hSjidd , ppjjiwb nana 
man itti hk nn|9 «'n mann rfayfi ■ Wiv nSiyo 
i ir n^anS .win *pwi, rw opo aye RiiaSi 

dwsb D"ian man«"n , lrnnnai iro^a nianrir 

nn mrnffl nijnn ^n . antei ?» noian ninn 
tjnn ^a , vn }vjn ^a ,nwoi^ft ^a , nneo b cutis* 

, n^iDiS'an to , rinson hv ninnn-nSiysm , rvrnn 
i ?a aipa nnnaon r\t ton n:'nan n:n:n ?»i nirr 
o'Sa' nrw« (*isk pai . Tivan ';nnn idibb pk im 
jftrron "i»» , n'mann mtrarciNn nfjiys 'a , via 
*xwvt *»wv ninnonn mm , Ton aS n^« cip? a'ino 
, nniaj invn maa 
nyn!> : nSuo nam kiek mi ji^mon by nsoion nawn 
»cn?iys nn o*yia nn wai— a"mann own DYinsno nva 
nmnna nn« : rrvw D'Soa . an « n ronnann by rinnn 
•vpnb ncsw -i»« *?a nn •nprt : iffl Jibrxion by nibaian 
"ipno ty ntn npnon nyat?n . 'mann &nn nnnnn nana 
^» •'Disipwi V'xn, . bsb wv n'rnnn rrowipwi 
srafc , nS'pion imiay nn nmyi 'n imp "^'T 
«na i^anon »a , oyreaan ir bv loiDaa onoi'Jprt 
r'H fp Mitti vfn on& yac- d'dpd yan« ^csa oSiyn 
**7 ~>d sh , ioyp n« airw? n»s« n^'a yn' ip« , inn 
jmvr »T*rfl iDyan ibk .b? 1 ^ ^» "-oajm v>«\. 






ttjaian n^jraon cbsboh by lDDiarp k^3» ,-bio 'osdo 

.~n [3103 

, iusnvxion nnn nyrp moa vonn nrn |swa 
*n&pbn»n mtyaovrann nirrrnn rw t3D0i -was yia Tina 
n»* nnnaon , ffTiiean rw nopo rwitrinon . rrjraBR rvccn 
nAanonn , nvyaan ntoycn rrvya mann «n nuvin 
, tfbk k-tk ]33i . nan manni n'yatm rnvan , .TUJTwn 
by OTOraTi cp'nan n'jnan bx mornS nbia* n;-x kmw 
Bn&raion njn ay [raorfj Tcex -x jaw mpa *w ; port 
ra rOT3' neipo 'a , ( t a:ip naTa crpnan ,DYunm 
-vaaai Txao jno km n'jiTMrcn .o*-Knon ayisn 
3-ifi.To D'asccn nneK rw pmcn ,nbon ;aio Kibao 

irttpTTT) DTflD bK bbSTIO D'CEBa •"? (mtplTTH) bbsi b« 

. nrruMtn orvmao pan cnrjmn yz errm "wpn rw nx-cni 



sit 

3103 " 

Tina I 



.■"jpa-i pis 

• mans n^oni roon 

-yiap n:ian km na .runnitn nbxeM nix»j nny 
we Sh nnTpna nny ly upoy tb>k ,nn *wnon nwinn 

MmM mann ! onvia km □ ,, yaon B'aiyn ropbnoD npbnD 

?a ,- in«i x;eo wbrp iipk3 

, vpbn . 'jem oi'jjiw u*k nin oxyn '3 , Tain ina 

c-nipp on , d w jh» D'on 1 ai , a'pbno laino km *a rraa ok 

n;ann ntp pa aa ok 'a , a'Mon n'ltppa ik Kb m ay 
~vn: , dpmyik km mann 'a , n\U ok . o'oiBJxni rmsD'on 
by mpaj — 'Mj-'yao oputis itktm ronra ub nnw 

.'3 pli , ,Li Sociology", 11. da Koberly 1WS **» (* 



tai ^-2 e'Q'.i d;'K nhxn ffwien . narrvnOi-im jmnennn 
&"irajsn o-pnn . yaan pn iaia own rowan crwiriJ 
nr« vw , niron pa owsmrvitai trows D*orr n^k or» 
nan nm /ryaan naon .ornan in D"»as ,D"j.*3a ,vn-u» 
mip:o epenan (Obipa .rnSn dj n:n ncxjr nya' nnwas) 
hwy nwna nnniy niao msob -wen 's ,mno nspten 
waaaa kiek nun Tpinn . nnrai niaoa ni'i'wi vfcai 
ta nnxv ia» , d <ri"ia n ' j; a a n n i a a n _ n i ^ » ^> n e> n 
firma kti rtopa ta ta» ,nonp naa irtt nbipsa nao 
O'Dvjr 1j» man kSk lrx uaan , rnnn nVijra m navy ny» 
tSiqi o-np 'wo n 1 ™ ia rnnnon nar ta *wh , o'jwi can 
pi 'Dm oipa 'air o'D'pno ia ispki d'-vik a^ut? nsa 
. mnwo-vitai o'piap 
Kin d; id ,r6xn Q"a^ijrn B'TiDn ima pnan , anwn 
niaa n^ipea n*>Sn wwwn tk r nw»nn pn nyatpa^ 
onxn ,o'-ii20 vital D*an o"u» ina tyrm Kin .myir 
Itthwei i^inn , mn o^iyn *?? rtts&vn ysuKn mSiya "jyis 
vun ciKnr ,11 pi »-n lain nao t« ( pp »tai poan 'ta 
ta« ; n ' n o k n a d -una bjr» win . oViyn 'pVia -in*t 
dj navy ny» nnwa inn 1:1111? .11 pn km nann nao 
.m^in 
na-cn to np'pn pjin n« ii^wtan ntcn nsrn now 
piaa , n"?Kn D'E2t?Dn • v 2 a n ' a a vt a ian Sy nao'.iaon 
inansn nean byn m naa ,d'je^ baik o-rao ivw 
onawn ,0'yaan o'Won Siu d'j-iim k 1 ? ik ^laaSno 
rfrnno nuiVi , mn» ,(aayn D]nvn*tKB) ownan asieaa 
O'lPiKan D'aaE-an on p n n ' a b v . lima dtjAi c^nanS 
on T-oian 'bd»d ;runoaw D'ppiran opsa D'O'ipom 
*nBt?a jiTiann b& nnomn nnann djbo wtvan D'aason 
antPiKcn , mann "n^ oiprnri ouwon ^ta on y a a n 
pirmann traroi pwpea rryaan rrvnan oyc^: owipoffl 
tk pn "DEE-a ,cnnK d*bb»d mana wpntr "WSK w 



D'ayan o'anx -\ysb .nvno ^nnS ik ,n'aa-iio v 
prfA cyiwpffn a'smt Tj'fM . inn inr ^lanrtn main 
^3 .nniaa ini'n rumna nt ay ni a'wn'jv -iscaa tret) 
n'nuua , d'jiipi cm o'yitrysn a'cya nSxit innarup , m. 

W D^ITK D"n3 niBS 1 ? , bhs2 , fAlS* K*m , OWQDl D l : 

0"iBiani o'jnjon , n*>rm bso , runnt6 . nnnta nnan; 

O'jun-'ui b* D^apon pT d'd 1 larwi la-pn' a"mai 

. won to nun»r 



jttmann ni3cn-nito I ?nB>n *a ,awfc uratt D'anxn 
nfrrun nifmntwiri nno 1 ? , ■ousp'sw 'jraa oxns n^aa * 
* vum pnn na inns 
pn ,mann «n ninnanna pnn bvs "ie>k (jii'jiyBn 
■j» -inn $hra fepoon "pirns' r; .nraaii rr6ru "ja 
mow nao 1 ? psnn rx aitrr6i n^pi ^y niya^ biy ,|\j 
^yp ^a Sy a":in nwm kxio jiVpxion . rmyy raff 
, nSyaS irtn timc ,o:n nbttn m:vmn ,naxai .by 
nnnwn nnaiyn ^a icp'wv jnTiwao iew , nrmon nrnp 
mas -[K k 1 ; kxid i^vxiBfi . mntt iijn nm . mann «n ' 
p'KE' n^na man dj ox 'a , isVina nvyao jrxtp ,rfc 
jfwiun maonn "mi 1 maaiio n*?xn niaon .obnna nve 
, nia'pnicn nvyaana ini' niasma rmiwuni , niobni 
wmann ninnsnn.no rfrav , n i ' J l ^ i x id niaD p n 
.naxi 
■pya ix ovpa wax nyju nrx nviBMn rAtten 
■ nbxtp Sa« ■ mammon iTMVTVXion niaoni firann ma 
0"ai2'£in nurinne -nsji Via: ovp nio'pno p ^ix ,» 
, »uiwni 'yaton aSiyn to D-oxnan ^« iffpi an 1 ^a i 
jrrjtfvxiBn .mioj nVtoa n'Ji'rrxicn myn nxm rbxvn 
Bcpnni ni3on — yaan "n iai by o'trvm o'jcian 'na t 
tm-v cy nn- 1 a"y-icn a^a^a n'pu ns-x — yaan 



I«*1*l 



'riron w "paa tw mpa kpu ,ia tenoo ^a»ne> .nam 
, yrv pnmp hpk oy awio w maaj 



iw momni myapn nx m^ion naon tm no 
tra^fli an'TP Bin iwat te a^vnann o^nrrmo 1 nwnarr 
"by vh o jy* a"nn ja iB^m nnaj ama "dSk . o^iuaovr 
,main w nayan n"?yinn . n'»aa rtjnn tk erwk k-x& 
nai p^aa Vxr6 np'san «*? ,ann amaa nana nrvrw 
, a"mann a^nn-ma * ana ipnnrw b^ikS-ii caatpn rw 
B'Ton an ,mprnn nnann 'pSrta 'jjiik pW> b'bpit 
on naaiae ik niw tvq , na*yi na mxn nnani? Erarttn 
wbysn vmna n« mis'? ,rAnwA 'mam vrvh B'^yia 
,nnran Vaa int "?aK .naniiren mwn 'Kin 1 ? binnrbr 
rw T^in ,BHDiBni a'cscon yiipaa mann rryn ie>k 
iy nwipni nnrutn nrman mvna ipk trfmn rtrfrm 
?n'j/aan Oman *jj 
nrttp ,mna nawn n'JiVi'snan nania un rrtwn ^y 
wvrann nmon bv a^nn-nan'raa . nipua *?a rash itra 
ani« a'jan^ ntpeK ick , "a"3'np*aiDn a'aipn, anix imp 
,jrW>an a^a'Dp-aian a'aiyn no 1 !? ^« a"miK nniD' Tina 
D'yjy Sy Branny moa wi nni 11 naama n^yji roSvli 

• B'snn 
ivyaan na'acn ^>k ^unanS nmaia , Tn'n ioa , mann 
p^jnonn 'p'ro inn a;n nnaiw n'ESsa , rryi»y» , nwiHSji 
Rtiht na'aan -\x .a^an avyn Sk S'apnS rryvt am n«in 
^2a rinnano km , MWD-vAai a-T-an e'arr Sb* riap- 
ppwrn B'ai a^ian na nx-aa nrnennn . ny» ^aai ny 
-juttn nmsnnn n« mVi pin 1 ? n^ia" mann .invi nni* 
Tin eyafj fi^a* wit km , mya a 1 a y S 'rain k^ 'jaie 
C ,, nn-*inT' my .S;ron^ c-nn cans bt^nip .owinffl 
nnr D'Kin 1 ? rrfanona TrrPi inv lainn? ax o'maia oas^ 






irca inou -irx , a^ru o-pn ':tr nyoaw^ id *ipnn 
o"ipnn D'Bwra nrnv niyaffn "nyna ,tib t 
itk t ^jy nenn nn« nosn npinn ox. ,nnoDW*j fimr 
iipn te owo ':» ,mnojn -r\v iAsh fuvin w ,ii 
»'« *t Sp cyan Tiy npm' .*6itn o*tr;xn wo ihm ^a c 
npiff dki ,'ipn ^r o'tais nya-w lAwt ivt -iaa m , 
iAw i\t 133 jk ,tw e>'k t Sy nwutno tiki iriK ' 
kv! H*a npnn St? un n'laoiK-jn ni-\irw .o'idid nwa 
cays'? lBWfln' nat? ,n^nxi nrrnai nniKnaa rwn-Mtat 
.maanoi mSia ,nwin nmo ,nitnn d'So isnpn a-ij 
nnw rut lnitaa nSyaS upxn iaa vpnn bv -jari pnn ; 
nrac ^n a-nna njit?Kirr on^DDO d*bu □"iprtn . nnannr 
onoiom maiDKn , a'pnn ,oMn»n ,a ,t ?:"nn .o'Scn , 
.in 1 ? inoi op 1 ? apo anapa aysa oyaa dwi» a-Sa; 



o'jotn *733 D'O'pnnn cairn an n^aari rrvran 'pn 
nuronnn nvnx pai B"mann o'anpn *anx pa maipon Sa: 
( naan an a^marai a*3iyn 'cn» .nvnann (arsvMfti 
D'siyn epaxna .mSmn jrn iTmarm nurunm . 
,nin;nn bv nyn* mix rnana iHn w f yiT jaiKa wrrar 
. irtavn ni'nano nSar.D ten c 
rm , o»mann o'aiyn niflioxn n« pan^ naa 
cmann a'aiyn nV inipxaKa *itpx .omian Sk piann' 
( nnnx nimn prt nivai ,-pnvi 'w iSasra o*rnn ' 
( o"Di3ipnn o'3iyn nrpro 'wis 2b jn^u asm k 1 ? • 
,o"manni □"-oion a'anpn no'tPa nai nia'ten j-6 b» iinn 
',nuro3 'itpa ranaS , Sanaa Satpn nwai frma !?33 
,ffwn ik ( nv»n in ,a'S^3 ik ,0-yxDK ik ,ni^iys ik 
,W ,(*Bna □t'w on'no Kin 'a ,rwni ,a"iDn a'Dvy ik 
Via K'n noaonn ; vm ,- ia Kin j'snn . ms-^a , noaana 
ttrpn wnfjiyBn ,jvon '3 ,n*im km noaonn .Bewn-nan 



nisioyno nayi rip mann **m ^ivn r* ynao 

nvimS nnsi nv»'KB ik , rrmpp nnnnnS jvmnp 

. tkiVi , nnaa 

noiip mann jw rnanS o*np rrm «isi* ]'« pai 

naup nnnnnn pm nrorrfc noTip nisiioynn p« ,Trrt 

jrexna main manm Trrn , nnnnnni nuntaynn . nianovr ' 

•ran 6yw mm i^ya tithi mann , noaDffi -no *rb cov 

.i; n« it Ten ■fraan rmrflnrn rtiroxnn ,11 Sy rw 

T ^<y mann "iw ,nt "T ^y n? mann <ptoi "ua 

iwwi tdd on — mann t 'sy D'p^nn "wi D^nrt 

ninnsnn tei n-ai^ia'DD m^iann "?» nunn ,D":niK 

corn nbirm nick N'n nWcrm mnnannn .rvvfaKi 

.rbvh rba D'c;sn o-crrni o'jirnn 



/fcnVe? pis 
.jrana now c'pn 

nai ,mann ninnsnn na^na o^ytsn ,0'pnn en no 

?n\-nann rftxsrrrhvtevttft her rnfiam room i 
ion ,'tPE: pnn ,iatn -ip'ya ,trn mann h a -nm* 
D'pnn 'a ,TjnS c^ia' unatt p^ ,'yao amis nyatwaS 
-ipimi , "M:n Dxvian "pn , rbrm , an B*noKn D"j6w 
by Vyifl jinn ,'Msn Sy 'yaan oynsn nywn 
pwai , "f nm rro'an-nlirnn niywwa mann «n ra** 
on win wnm 'p n •n^awn m'nan niyyoto , 
<99cn M'nan nya»n 'pn . n^acn nrfum , tpnn -"pn kim 
,n«nn-nentei iryaBrnrnan 'pn on wiari - 



UTram ix mix 'b 'jy jisfOBon frrtu ntn jama . paten 

. 3WTIWT3 rgttWDTA 

ron rniya ixann wxn paten -3 ,mown nyin 

, n¥?aa njwiB ,Dwu»n te on 
ra xva: , o'J'ruan pate yaw ijbbs? ,vionn -npan 
Egfeyua Ervaan a'twxn .o'jvun te onyaiffai nann ^vra 
lrt«fn nyersfj tc'j .tke rvw de'sm d-xpij paten 

IPX ,in« cjK XV03 K7 D"**13n 'B3B> ^3 p3 . 1133 iS pi'jrrttl 

-ini 1 ?! S'B'pxna naio i^nuab ,uvub!j rum »'jn^ yvx 5 ? 
nnwi arn» ,rmyn nrann .rruan naisfc 'Dnsn nra by 
K'n ,inw D-bnMsn ,D^ycn Q'j'ixai a'tpjxa pora Sua 
-nanina o^nn-mo nivrannn nnana D - :yt« vSyi? -newi 
n"a:n by, : in?M -ox a-aa ,x . nannn jnxpos is nrToa 
man ,L, ya nxi paan ^ya nx bw!> nai: rwuxntp ,nxn 
cryaa: urns ■ vnann nnni n-anai? ni^yan 'pfon iBoan* 
cna ^apS D'ipo i:n;xt? *3SD xS cxia anniyn cwjun 'js^ 
*jsa .ma-np inrn D'BysA , ck 'a ,,*vane mum nam ipx 
.niaj iaya nxiaa jryaa nfyfann n^yono uspbjw 
. rimpsn mat x'n nnxn . nmx vim m'wd paten 
ix «av iip tex , bvob , xya;n , 'jnrotrT^ai am jib's? inr 
nrTQ "i^ian r nyawm na km n'acn . naxSa-n*3 vntn f?xx 
inpn nuiox by iy<BB» p ; ^npn 'rya annBJi D-oiaa d'*ot 
, rmom iiDiVen , ipinn , X'3jn , spoon , xeiin v/iwjh Sjn 
Ss™ nx firxoi pjbdd n^xn nwaten to *w nnannn 
. mai -mrn oisaia n:non 



aipa Tan niD'pno mann^i "lippnn^ mawm? p'ra 
jttstnn nys? bai ny ^aa mann "na i^urv T,a*e^ ,mann 
rrsrx ^eh (oi'^ap) ninia? te ,nnnnn tei niEnoxn b& 
fjSana x'xia irx nurtn ^ff inx 310 . (ar'jxn'anrK) 
inx jid .t.t» ispflN nyiT nyt? ^aa ^x ,^»n jidh n« 









D'Oflin cmm-'juyn . irmSipeo nrAm nnnnn refo 
.n^Kn m^iysn-'juyn -noa pirwn oipon i 
^iy nin 'pxok wtan ayn vn *a .txA tpbh dkti 
•jr ,nvn Sar ,oyn nro ^*» ?B"na aio "p-rmioS r 
,nD*y nnena rmron , jvcosn niSanonn . "hbss oyn bw m 
-nSyem . (opy^ai*) m'jysnn'j rosro n^iyen ; ru'ajsS n 
vioxn pica iron p»ann .pam cm n'-mx miu nil 
bv orpn nuiacnn mij '^a .oyoa iipbk *k r6on ! 
new Drrni itspn rw -na 1 ? irn "tffrywn "oicn nam . rby\ 
i:b nrmVi po nnVun nnnnfrmSiycn pi uvuSiye j 
, rmvh na'ina rrreo rraiVnriDn . imeiwi nainn in / 
na^na 'ai ,ptm aipai rmntpna rune* vo«n T?»tn j 
.-nainn , nvnann na'aon ^»i tkx *?» romRn ninnerv 
. psoa Ijbid U'kp 'tni lan kvi ■ 



on 



Yna BiBfl invn piio nmnoa nwnann mSiycn 
aS tr» 'Sa vniSiys n« ^yis marai who ior f?a , 
nysiwi nnn pn ,innNn D'^nn n^iye 1 ? paiwiai 

. an 'B ^y D^yaan , mirnn d'mt 
bs ^vib mi* naaiion nivnann niSipan nmnona 
pawnai ny-ia a"> Dtw v»n6iya nx mann '•vnm 
niyxona nnnnon ^» nbnnn Mil ■ onnw W mem mSiye' 

. nvnann moxym 
neaen n6 patwiai njna iwaion mSiyan nmnon 
,noaDn t 1 ? nixaie 'nSan rtfnpm nmnorA nana ,nanw 
W rmttJ inv njno . d^iVo'cis a*pn nyec-D*? 
WW . 'jaisri bv mn- nrtnann 1 ? nnin mVis nm; 
pate 1 ? .tbi iaaf>a »w ex to »(pu , Mam maun < 
oj"«» D'ff'sn aips , ni-nnonn ruar it h3dd . nyopo 1 ? n 
mysoKa "jyis 1 ? ^D/annm onsm on'mnaa ni^ m 






xyn p . nson ba cn , nyi ma n\i uyn "inn mmn *a 
"man . itrp *jai orr *?a px , on o'loitt , eeimm -mi pai 
( nr"oiDn niatnn br; n« v^ya pus mnff nrn Sav auyna 
^ya . c'aiMai oma' a'ays 1 : isxy 1 ? pao naina imam 
oaf* nairni jayn» , Deacon .(d^b^'dix) nbjnm ncp 
nnr onipp on 'a ,raa cd^d ,tdti lr op ni enwp 
.tinea »ym "pi, m:n icvp^ ttintM nyxn ,ann 'B Sjr 
n»ei« ,nam Sc n"6w una , iyxn nt* ."aiB„ in:n ravy 1 ? 
Kvrh nby nainn -pn» ,nfipmfrrmpj nmtto pi pnnft 
-•e 1 ? ,iwaon ,-pnn nibk jaai .c^tsi Vhj mv uy n^» 
* nainn T,n nvww i»bk '« , caiwaoi tjn n*S pi , bra 
n:-n„ cpa nvian pe^a A D-snp unw» iam abw 
ocuon ch 'a , nam writ SpiB3i nana , "j;yn 'int* 
fp^KD warps niiiynon uyn mun ^k Dnraoo unaw 
, n^a«n msn . ninreKn niKvinn rmn by ymrb irVhni 
. no«a iain Kin p 'a , nirvana jimmrn bivan 
., S'nn 'B^ , mt vbpin. na-a i 1 ? trxiip wukw iaini 
fen in en nrwo d^pbj unvna , D'Sapa lanaiw aapn k*?k 
laovya una* la'jya ie*« , ,-6ips ii'n naoo d^ps; , "aim 
jiTja nroiso niKnan p naani irpn nixn , paerai npia 
. nVyinn 
nan -, SGKD ^a .ffTiD'i D""py o:n nStn cv'nsnn 
jjpno dhVo ,'iai "jp inn 'an ,rv>yinn wsh arfy\x\ 
nniKD kVi , wnAipfl bv nnnnn-niSiyen m o'l^on , ipxni 
-"ybkoo *inv naito ,mrw nnvin .iAw wmVipanx o'lSon 
vkv uvuSiys n» mSon Jjyno miv jn'ryinn db6 nan 
.3ion tama mwfenn 
epwynn nrs icion nBpt?n-mip;o D^p-in ffsuyrei »a 
. /ro^e.vntoriDnn 'bpa nno 1 ? ,ntttn np^non bv otim 
o'juynn dhikIj *in« na-a bi^b D'itnp nwn no'»n 'Sya 
EpniVipfl n« D^on ffjuym . n'aioi cjiaA a'apin onv 
*w ffAon D'j^ynno o*pioy inn d'^iij w cun uh;k 



cen TW nrw iiy 'ab o'ytap r,T d'aits nwi 

IBTlrt D»B 

by wpena .'jibwon Km nwwn iirn imaa 
<s:n *2 ,iii3 ntni inaon-nBriTn nnp»rrmi[ao nbww 
nr oy n? ibiby' nrno 1 nrw niwms onnian on on marc 
, -[3 viki nesni csn Jiuntn *v by o*annn D'ovranrti 
WB'jswna . o'Twno ini' CO' onie canm d'diebho nr« 
nra ins b>'S3 onbun r iruiRi rajwwmipits nbsiM ' 
nrs Dnma D"mann dnutwi *a , d'nii iiru* , D-nyan vti 
riK nrVi:n myetpn ii's .wbrn' is ipnir "r*t*n„ nniD' 
, kxm ,nrn tar ,na .urn nsi vmcji nit ,wmq 
.miaNn -junn mm btp ngsisn ,{«m»j 3trn • 



ik j:y b» tpn i:3ip3 rmiyo imp 'ip*»„rr ninnsnn 
nsn ,njm' mna3 ,nir*in n'ibs "jbin bm bz ,iyy * 
ohm n"nn t,n ,ipx b& en ron .Tins rmu runnx; 
o'Tbin nbs ba ( rnran ninnanm awjina nbiyan , navy' 
ob/wi* moa namm robin ron nvn mai ,uy b» ti 
ns pnb *-ea . (» o w nn ipDym «mrw moai DPtatf 
'j»D ysii bba3 j:yn twn '3 , 1131b vrrn nm j;yn 3ie 
DibyiB i:ms» ,nbipB3 «y d'svio urns , o'jiti* nnip 
uros -nyi /Jirn mam duk *a by sbi ,3i»n uaim 's b 
ru-nosi yiT \srta o'Syaa unma ,D'oyeb dmmmi 
.n'aii'n n3oa njrn 
nbi3' , nma 3b n'bs onw d« , nsin nooiiDon nosn 
,ni»p mi'n rraflfrDwm imnn nibstpo nnns nibst? bpr 
,ub d'tdis (D"^17^idv«) "iTD'jan nAarann, nans ^ya 



,»b pTB '3 p^n 'K "p 3 •fl'Jl i 713'D. 



.Education et herodife" <> 



0X7.1 . m* 'jj-iik oxyb nmb nm nnabnoi nnanno j 
,/nwin % bj n* ,o'nnn *ccn n« *pwn , c kh Kin nm 
o w nn m;vin ba n« ,pjnn nnn n« , 0"baitM onwrn jtk 
,biys' i»k ,nan Bxy mwa nn" onw lanoni r irto*ft 
o^men ouffyai by inn mr nnpm mbiya , inwa na una 
. natron bin {im bv 
, uftiraen pioa — ia'i nai on nb« — "wji nnrw. 
on'na Bnsya nyir ny "jtroa itppon itppn hk mm 
mna D-inn onoyo oy onainan , main noyaB onn« 
oni'na i»tt ( D'ai (O'yibiTB) n':s« onoyo ayi ,on',ia 
»b mbiya ny baa anyia en , main oy bba onaina viba 
rui nnrwn . o^iimnn onoyana rabna im' ib'Btti , nine 
. vraaan — lain ip'ya 
nxvin K'Pi rwin ";sn minn„ 'a , mxinb binm na 
onion , weiT"n npin an , rwnbrao nine Kb rvjibreio 
haoio ,r\bvab imaan pioa f aa*non »*«n nurses 
iKab nbia 1 nr« rwib/ran . resfnven nrpnn by ni pra 
a ]v , trvnann nuvtnn miy 'ba , Mnwn nub n« 
Kb ok , nintpsK '« pn B"nn nonbai rvyaen nrnarr 
. n: by ni on'mbiyei oipoa new nranm pb onpn 
nnn«n be* unian no\i nai rw i«ab p bj nbia' .u'n iwi 
.o^jibvxio onisa miyb «np na nnaie.i 
o"nn nimeo nn« ba 'a ,oip» naa inn laa 
opjiiwn *pbn . nvnan nmnflnn nxvin km o^awi 
B*s« n« ni£K B'bapo tr'baiffn o"nn By onainon *iwn 
, ni tin aismb upsk oxn . manno pn t,n 'cni 
I'jibi'ViD piwa xb byisn bx nwrb nba 1 n'junixn oninnon 
iba' ,n*n-iann na'aon 'T by «b bn ,no 'T by 
«b own t*»wi, ba* caanan nino'n nt oy nr i»pnnb 
p«n ,nnn 'sbN by n^mbiys n« nbyisn ,n'mann na'aon 
D'o* lantt' B'oiu nt'K ,nnab nba 1 mab km t,n km «b 
D'jap r.T ni'Ki a'biu r.T nina twk ,\wn ibtd^ nrm 






flit Mh flRXDD BVW '3BD "OTTl "p'pa HTUWl i 

ppynrn^i D'yiT ni»a*i SaSaS miriiin 
.ti*iJ*^y D'a'ann o'raKn nana 
warn , nvwpnnn mm Sy irw yan awnS uS n 
oniK rmrb lAainn unt .o'ddhh Dnain S* DnB 
u^y y'B»n tdk ,nyccnn na ai no pa» laa ,wmMi 
•nro . D"-Eioni D ,,; ?3ipn ia"n Sy — , dtk nrn mats 
»ji wik lalisK maa^ Sia* m pvaa "lnra nrna noan 
ip« ,iron <a laniK-ia oysa oysa 0":?\nD ianaK» .rmr 
ntpp . hwei laipoa i:rn , yiap oipna Ton vmtrb ufejS 
*nna nipDa-nnannnn -py an no ,D'E>ya ciaia ran* 
□'ays'? ,m»pD kti ,B"mann o"nn <?b> -a-Banoaip no 
'D'l panwi 'tr D^Ht may "in« ntpxm b"kh n« 
.o'tt.ii onann wa nirth nViys nSyis R»n . d'-iSyi *jiai 
r crrjA cxna vbs a: ok , o'pin onppa Ton rrwpo km 
nvnS ni^ia 1 nismipon niSiyen . Baern j^pn '»a« , 
-nnannnn nW nSoan nws oa oSik ,niVn may: 
nni'a o'Dipmn D'aotno iiy . nnViye ra posn ,( ?a Dip: 
hy nmso 'n^a ngriwn nya&'o twin nvonnnn nrfi 
.mann ^ nviirnrnsn 
invn maiyn -k n^ kyi nbiyaa-nnannnn abim 
maiyn oa ok *a ,mann "n ninnsnna niKxina-nan: 
rny'ra iw , mpoa-rmannnn rriimno can marrn rnwttS) 
iTp* Dipoa-nnannnn ok t vh omt* isa 1 ? uh& i:"n * 
nmpo ^n» no , kvi ran nain nac nan , la'rya qa L . 

Imam , naya ntaniira niViya 121 by miliar laanpa 
. nyt? ^aai ny ^aa u^vk n^viS mVo 1 nton rnbiya- 
anr 



iotvi axo 1 ? niflNii? miannnn "w nvican mmnnn 



.111 -iaj , ScitfueoofEtiiici (( 




pVian , rrnon-nnana nui»i nian nuian , n-naya cjwi 
«yo -|» niSiycn niyfiena nSnna . mai n:iaita o'p-n ca-r 
vmratn a'aenao na—vaxa ,m noiyb .mean n^aiio 
rw D'j-vcni o^naon o';a'on on no'ioo n'banb D'jiao 
rowan «n nm TiDoni n»inn "n n« ,D"mtan o"nn 
. (■ nicoiion nnana nrmn 



."atffpifi 



• vwn vnann osnen 

mnncnnn nbiyab nnm ,o-pno awn ^» *wpn dm 
"man "6ma nSnna iTnottn nnannnn mn ^yao; 
.man ,, n i 7 nisA a'jain -|»ana rosrwi naSnn ,pc 
-rrnannn np'yn npVna nrrfc mia 1 rrwunn nnannnn 
be? nam D*na ttivaS ne'p . nSysa-nronnn is aipaa 
mca navy nyc nnwa n\"in t6 irn , aipaa-nnann 1 
-nnannn mvaS n»p p :aai , nbiyfia-nnannn as npir 
fepoa-nnanm 03 navy ny» nnwa n'nn k 1 ? nam , nbiysa 
]o*d 'T by cysa Dyea mp'ra nnannnn wests nxt baa 
. rtbiy&n jcd t by w Dipon 
man "nb n'on , twin by nnaana aipaa-nnannnn 
flfapinn D3DK □« . □"nc nnvn lyjibwion mnan intt «'n 
(Inumson nibiysn nurtn en onsn ba> niann-"n hv cctfin 
■wo nnaaj mbiys nbys aipaa nBisren nnannnn t,k 
Bwsn n<bs new , rcrann moan,, .n'tsiMtn niDnpnna 
nip' — ]2qd 'bob iaix — D'Bnnt?n i:nix nat? mum 
rranw un:« , nayia viivi nmoa nipim *h ecayth ub 



r 



j3 ,*]in atpa tsnn \bna ntwya mran nyunn np?nno 
, nisnn nipienm rwnn nrnenn , mmn nnSm nn^vi 
,(i maa-na "im*i w mtpjrn niaSmn 
,in(( -nan pap Saa i»no inr f \-nann awn aipa 
pBxo 11 naca . nrw njwm nji: naainai njn:nn mienu 
,inK pap San -inv ms^ai niSysnna warm awn 
anpa naaiioi napioa nam nam Sip n":trn nipSru-inm 
naaiia nvfcnn mnnsnnri .nioipo nxt-a ntwta inr manrr 
, nmaj invn nrreS 
«piSn rw mi Tfiv nSa:a a-Spxrrnaca nv»nnn 
•fcwn'DDjrn 'fism nrwHiiamv^ya .iuiinttn 'bS a-awn 
reeo mpTSnwT . d*oioq o'Siaj -pna m ay m a-iaSno 
mpSna . mpSnan 'Sian nx mntt nnu nttwurrrnffaaBj 
wwrmaim D'fflun , amnion , o'lsicn ( o*:nan , a'jvuon 
nmma ntt*« nmeno |n . nwn nnana in it nuipjia jr« 
/iiSTiann mwA nemm , rvman no-iwn Sa .inn -sii* 
. nntna nSnna man nw n« rrSy nuci: , nipSnOT 
«W ay nnt* nywai nya ohSu nvrom man "ue> 
o<&--in D'jBisa icon 'pSn tiffhnm • nivnarm mSwSl 
D'iswa ,nann mna rmxn nyum nipSnnn mrm ,-mu 
*w nww , nvram rwan iaa , mvnann mSiyfln . iron 
. m ( TnDi a'ju-niana , nvwipn vwS 
fTWiBfi .nrampxn nfojwi px a^icx-in caa 
*in« a™ Sir vrnap . u ay it nnanpo mam Se> nvrnm 
jik Tar Kb "Wp Sa ,-svn Si? imiay ay mtpipa hjj'k 
in jinn , Txn yixpaa trVian rcmxaxa nm mSiysn 
-inxi -inx Saa tbp onnwon a'jaia , nvnn miayn 
,onaiy San nSnna .a'aaiia D'evnti □'an' nSici niyvpana 
but D'yxatt rtr n> -jik yt , me jswa o'j'DKai casin 

« 144 § , nwiwn mnsia, (« 
. 144 9 . W (' 



"nmEM jivm nina .nunc nu^soS ctpyji o'nnario 
, ni'marr 
nmcr! /lu^snna ini*a Tna jb-io regno run pnn 
D'vVtf nixixa D'jrpnwa oiwiPRn . npncirt o'DJa:n ontn 
r-nb 10:21c ovjaiPttn *?2 nacao nraren ya-w . aiw 
?y latpvin on^-.'Kn . man-nwiH to 'nmtn 12122 nwwoj 
cawviD cjj-iuni d'tiph ,1*5 ty pivraa /mran rpnn 
2i "«ooa ca^n D'pWwitf "nya , nrciipcrii nnirrpa 
*>nh , nmn <aa , jrnn iisk , nvmnwi ?ijr»wn^ , nn-6 
^-MBTn-TiT^jjR,, nnvi -rtca , d^ti 2np2 mp^OH n'^c 

ma nt diiki o^ia: rfwn d'jipti D"ooyn reiapn 
nrii^.i "£'« , isao n:*D n'BD'BBDn nTflon , d^i en* -p 
Gs nt rrarrnwiM n'airrn n'awn o"Doyn BNttaprt 1 
,nipo ^22 '2 r fmj ^2 nroyn ,on-6io mrw 's ^y : 
ijio uyo ,-rrw mt6 t^ 1 Q'c:i mix bw 21 ncoa 1 
owiPU , "wn^ , p-iv-vi -nya . o*3i» d'sim 1 ? pa p-Kic;n nsoo 
— D'pbu-Kni ni'TsVi'H —wnfrvm , nruaww ana cumwj 
^ maitp'jn ifj'DKi ,rruionn ,nncan ,D';njon .rayhem 
arh rrrw pawm woa nnarrmmie ononcfo D'a^rowi 
Tip-net* !?» ci'iam cvnannD-nn mr© fin mart □•ssiBfi 
. (> B'tra ai»n^ rrn "iran -who mi' rftna nmoa 
wan ma pR naWioi "[Sin «yun» jai ^2 >a , ilia lain 
myaio ^i;i eju S23 , mnK -iiyi nst . noA i:do «|Sin 
nyn : naaino na ,( 7no nvpoa -tann nna^nm nan nntsnn 
*xt 1221 pbn in? . nyc 1 ? ny»D aa-ino na ayoi nisno ion 
,D"jriKn ffaun -pna mnnennn na^n 
Tf&iii inv nitsnn niaain n-p'jia nxtn n'D'Jsn np«nn 
( ionn 'p*7n bv nffinn nip^nnnn naoa , mnnwin nna^na 



B 1WJI r Tti(! iDllnence of immigration", Mayo-Smith (* 
.85-81 -my ,HT'(I 



,menD qun tO'aaiio invi -inv onpyn ca^inn ,0'av 
r*«M ,-*» , nte m D'pmnm niano D'omaon wphnm 
«]un *pna cjiw traxoa b'kvbj nenn 'p^n '3 nrw 
.npwino nw maa o5a ■bare* ntpatrnt jaS .na^nan 
,b'ib> D'axa i« ,n'it? ninaa wnvicn , o'lttrvfta o'aw 
— trip mnai cw D'ava is , o'wn^a ninao cysrio: 
, BffBiTX nw cpbnn 'on ra o":b>b nWt ownn ' 
. (i p|un hanenn — hyi nttxin; 
^k on'a , vnann f iapn ^e> o'jien D'p^nn ava »Vian 

. (» mann-'Ti ninsnrr »t^ d-k'3d , mm o-aarn ninar 
nsnann t^ rwaa mam 3ip3 tsfyipsn fwinn 
, (» o*ran 'Vnn 120a rw na-fin , ran a'jap D'anaa r\ n .» 
nmoa dtcviq vnann papn bv o'p^nnt? pi bl 
Km wmnn • trie dtot qj o^apa on □•!» Ertuna rr* 
hi'tt^mn "jina n";tr rvnaS-in — , n'ann a'p^nn n^nanr 
bv nwitvi njTian rrnxa ivrjA ntatn&n ,inv namr 
*pto bv nnnran mswnn niptnnm — nvnann nwinenr 
,{»amnian vnam pa$ 
a-aipo ,^»ob r n«)ton *:e>i a^pitn bv trjirnn d'hmvi 
a'cavn nwi'itwi . nt 1 ? m m»n wen ■'jjra o-e>Jnn i 
mwn nTTDiam ni^acn nwiann ^jra -x a'anpa a':su- 
a'Diaan ; ntiiirtn nmttn 112' ns nin 121x3 omtra , nib r 
31*6 D'BKW ,nta ni cpnvra onrna ,trann B"B»©I 
D'pojia n: 1 ? nt o'aipna rown noonn 'toa ,nw irntnoS 
D'*p a'i'iap b'ts; ^run 'mann fiapn ^a . Tn-nStraai 
a'ppi»D ,D"ieiD ,m^o 'bya ,m -, ;na ,nMO-'Vra ^ 
a»wr D'xup-p^n inffw-naijh otiTni d'JBK ,noan^ 



I 



. B i : ' t : ,71 * 

.nyS nyoi nyc 1 ? nycn mum na^in nyi:nn '3 ,n 
.bttit D'pTB 1 ? niMi nnnni dim rranm'n nftiyfl 
miTii w jots noyanm thk , pa ruino noiKn nwiaj 
O'^nn srpwz ,nmnDn 'D-bn . 'p'St? pts nainoi 
fcp»i .nuipnS nuipnoi pA pro n^iyeS onon* ,0'rapm 
.nyp teal ny tea nrw 'jape, nwian pa -noon (d:»6k3) 
htth nriptfj nryDn-nttnna .nwbn n'tm or^iy crape; 
nptnnn rrvu'Dwi . nwn Dips nnpib rrtem , rrtpn oipo 
, oAerr uy ns^nno ronton . npmnoi mnm nprnoi 
,0'pcn r n*£mi^Bn ( iDion ( mfi .nwvnesn oy — mpnw 
pn npsc'D^ me- 1 ote — rmam niflfi nii'vn , nneofl 
. npwvrmri 



ncpon fi3-3Dn pi marm p nyunm norm nutenn 
w mao -iann nunnn D'cyiA own anpa rmu nnW 
ifrtstan mwa 'won n« o'xn unjn iki — nyinno nam 
,P3no nan 1 : ini' rnoa Turin nnienn .ffsyobi— jrrnas 
.nvron nipinnm nvnsnn mwa 'uon rw tx n'sn uram 
ntepo D'Dyeto .m^cna ns-m D'3ie»n D'tepn D'oysV 
. D'aiBMB nt'rn naoen 
joins nnann nnxt? oys Sra n-6u Tiann^ rmsi 
nwinnff iiya — , rtnsra rivn "?» rfriysn-roi , awawa 
naa ,naS nno: nma^ mns3 mSpIji ubrwrb rfaa 1 nr» 
.twrrci n'3ivn nt a , aarA tevw 
,nKTn ns'Mtfn pn ^n: i:r« Tnann p3pn» pt te 
D'Xiapn . "pi'-jritn by Tinn 1 ? teins na iy nptn , Vjih 'a!? 
D'ssirn mnana lp'ya a'yaciai rt33-<nn axaa a'-wirj 

«yu nrs lira inn inv bus nss n^yifln nnaSinn 
D"yaan a"u»n n'jtr'jpa mipKin n^inn pt kyi nun 



. a'ji'ji'siBfT -nib' 



. jep v»m («innn) -uaa-bjnen nan w Vru WW o«non) 
anpa -ic» , ram iann nvjbsnna wibaa noKna ran bban 
na'aon pal B"mann o^wm pa law trvnann D'awn 



• jap -iniM unro-nan nvb mem mawnvi mbiye 
caw . D'Dnn D'a'bpxa q>*«dj -py 'sb o-bisv o'aiip* 
, D'ptn cay , nnnsi mvpaai d'om ■'snb -|idd onim d*» 
• jinoa nmb d'kt , a-inn naa orbmai fflfaj m o-a'm 
. irbn oy nriab bp» mnflnoi ptn cy 
nbaba wna nnT w mns prrrw Hipoi aipa baa 
oiyo xa ib"n ny av nvnb "nwi mtt "inn latrvin o'afli 
lib tsA iabw ib . Pin oipab iiayb ddik nnam nuimn 
<a ,u'kt is , n'E-uiwjn nnufainna nr»uttn r» i^vana 
-\x — ,npDs:~Yibai nTon njnai asoa nba nxvoa km 
cpibb by d-lmi crpn cnwn 'aba o'-nro inn cipoa 
, |Dp nasr by mr D*pimi crotsx en tk> cnpoai a^nj 
,rvj» mai? km o'bmn o'anaa wiif'n rwainn 
, tan D'aian 'a , nbyob, naian bban nnen n« nprnar 
. dikh n*nay iTbanb o"ini a-aiB invn nwipon , bbaa 
aiPM by g'jttBWD — ":t?i?p nam — ,DnnK Dwurmna^ 
mcipab i-bwkyi ombio Dipoo n"nn nx oas-aa , posn 'ba 
ranch ffinjon , d'mh . cirrnbiys nx ce> biysb Dnns 
.miayn-n-a bx ttiabi onon? nx avjfb iranst ,nnw 
*ie*k nmbia-aipaa nvttnwn npnjr: nMawi cicwnraa 
, OTPjnrn D'brai neyon-nienni incDn va-in b« isaa 
o'poirn na'bn m p dj b'aia ;&p "iniM tjnym-mn 
jioon 'en* nn , strai-yjan 'yvax r» , trartttn n» , mwn 
nKi ffrcstwn D"pnn nx ,n - jnan rwtsnn nx f miaym 
.■pimi ynan ,mn jrbanb rn:iaon niyunB 
,.mn «m nan-mann pna nmtm ,mrwn rapcon 
"nan , nvbba "inv o^baa , ik (jrmrrnani Tipvarrroni 
njpoa hmrr nisi , nib nr Tan et«i» -uia^jyiBn n:m byis 



.bj)*t: -n .t 



■ 

■-inn 

vttn 
iipni 

im 
noa 



. (» 52,015 iy open up lnrrVyn , nan'ran i 
■•BD'BDDni , D'3i a'aan «j? bra p'ya "ipru nrn jvtnn 
neipn ^33 □'Kwjn iejdb : nst6 , inw Ir^an jo-n ^aspic 
^»w i^a no'pnon ,o<aiB d-d* 1 ? mpnn Ha r* pto nflipnl 
jSnj •mn nnv pna nmic ;*xo mm ,tenn ranpna mam 
**rbx nwen inv pn nnoa nv6aSan rrfoysrw moa 

.mjnn d':»3 "mi maian o'atra rfriy niT^n iddo 
tPWSBDn B'-Eccn .in nrr nan iitk .BCD-VO .ami 
•lain main -iaa„ : mwn onaia now , 11 rbvah DTtturf 
cSyia manual myi a"£> jO'ip' nuiro 'a ,npsca moa 
r\M-bn -sea rrn rrarua .nrr^n ibdo "?? nyi nSiya 
,1846 aym dot 'inn ixa tpn ,1864 rue>ai m? n;t?3 
rkmn mVian nnx ina icn , trwn ."wa lyvoi b-\ — , 1953 
, htv , nsiTK nirm Vaa hit 1 ? oiyoa irawi , 1873 ruts b& 
iB7i— i87o ncn^a nSiya .dwpi oiyo nana r pao *M 
1878-1865 niJtfa rrn manaa . rwa-u "p^n tea nrana 
iiarten 'inn «p\n . ^k b ^y 37,8 — 'jiran rn-r^meos 
, (» "rfw Sa ^y 39,7 ij7 1872 fiM?a yrim mvSn isca nan; 
trtyiB n^K ^3 — niar6am mm ffwn , nuiton aiyo 
iBDOff naa naia run lain .mrran iadd by maa n^iye 
.1846 naif '"vw rnaVrio nxa nmaa na-naa nSy jiwd 
.1871-1870 nu» 1 in« — naixai is&3 rut? ,_ intt — man: 



fiytwa .mown m^a napoo ntm 1 narrmonn pno 
^yisrrnan -n6 ran iaiy Kin oipo 1 ? oipoo naiy lanm 

Pnblic»totiB .Statistic! and Eeouomica", Mayo- Smith (' 
•1 ya , o f the American Eoonomie Aaeociat 
,64-63 llojr , 6 , 
■ 19 113]? , ^Statistics and Economics" {} 



. a-iiSi'mon 



»■!> , m-fya 'Doyn tpann raws'? niyunn . pfj jdid nm 
,*uyn Sr nwn rnjrann w .n&run onpn fina , Win 
nVu nnayn -uj rfmn npunm rt'jp'nDRn naenon wn 
si rAwi 0"nn "juio 1171: una (O'JiTyn a"nn -pno 
nrwn-Dan, naws7 fittjsi romnni nroiHSn , nvfwrori 

tu o^iSn niieom jnon .ns'n firm ,mn ,"pnn 
r-non-'na , toot-to .awn nifi'exa raw moa a-r 
,0'TBon-nxjtin nron r o"Oi , no , JTnyn p n^firsT , na , Dvnan. 
d'd'3 pi D'pnr6 o^ia* mowr^rnn»un mpwfo>si 
rur»oa nca 1 ? nr urtt nyane no-s 7? awn '»;« 12021^ 
D"pnaian o'io'dh -ins km r6nn nnoian mtaaionm , mrrf? 
leon roayonn n» TanS ib'sk hts Sy -isps ,o'JW»nf| 
imuipwi 'can murine Diaa o-an o'd> -ny . mann <Di72itt 
! rrurrrorwa nrmten nwwa nnaan "aw niBponn 7» 
37 ntt n'7* onn nicipoa riTWmnai lecn-na iirr na» 
, D"mn n'jtnyni tniat 
noMnna nvrnann m^iyan nunee axa 7aai ar 73a 

, «m ruea nomi nman nina "?k 
nownna ,o«u» D ,( ?apn mann _ "n nurtno anrw 
D'ipjs: nn;« ns . ninn D'swn maion cnvn 7« nxiaj 
. nirrnn "isdci niT7fi ibcj , owen isoa oy ruwmfl 
.naiai oitp nwi846-is40D 1 Ja , n vn (tee? ,np.I33 

j 89,356 ; 29,463 J 29,600 I fTTl |nfl 0'JB>3 O'lWSn TfiOOj 

TBDoiTTui npi n» pwvn isi7— 1846 rut? .29,373 ; 29,490 
DT2DD rhy n'se 'Tonn avian 3Din»a . 23,331 ip D'ttips) 
^ 1864- 1853 nn^nmnM nyi me . 30,000 ly yum oyan -ny 
ffannn n-jpinon D'pnn . 26,939 iy n'Kiein nsDD it ik "w& 
tj? Ayn ,1882 n»a yivh w -\m ( awen i3T ^y 
TV iniSyn d'tiindh D'pnn ; 40,000 ip nsoan n« Dysrr 
, nenvi .tdiis pa nn'n» , nanSon • tasa rwa eo,ooo 
jwqw ,abvn nna . mi ruca 40,707 ny mm mnin 



I 






nyr Sasi ny ^33 aien aw ^a to nSiynrma mo 
bv onnem t3"iSjn miyen nina moo nana ik ntsyio 
na'aom aie»n -a ,mn' nra .inw aaiDn »jirm oSiyn 
-naa imiys-na rwi man nx inn Sa posn ^a o'c^nn 
ff'man 1 ; o'aonj o^yaen ninan .'J»n to riDm mSiyi 
.o"yao nina 1 ? D'asnji nniin ovmann ninan ,a«jvni 
mnsn "uca D"iSn msnm'n nwin 'a ,nibn dwi unw 
*w nam moan • nljxn mnan bo oSpma-iflKn iryaan 
mann up* .rAipsn-na ma 'rx Q-S'apo a'vnann d'th 
, own frown 1 ? naaunni mrawi na'aono nnw nnp 1 ? 
neit ,onn« D'jop D'p^n 1 ? p'jn 1 ? iwas nin pnn rw 

, fin: -nvpa ni tik ni ns nnix wai urott 
jjwnlj TtPSKE- rwiton moaa rrbn o'aifn new 
pica iaa win viq , mann "n ninmym rviwn . psa 
. nianaai niae nwwa tod nrvn , B"mann a\wn nai Sy 
, rroiran yet? -yino Ton rrfra o'awn nee* . mns -nyi rw 
1'ai r ypTpno ,n-sp' yna "rapnon yet? pa Vian ,( ?ats 
-the' rn'na ;niiino e^n -[mo ,naaiDO yina fjapnai 
xiee*a nminpnm mann miys nnfjn ,d , ie» D'wfln 
. pawn 
d*^3' , rroyi mi ypip 'as Sy ciiism , zrnrp D<aw 
miya pn an'aiv npaonb pvimi pysosn rw on 1 ? wpa^ 
ronpn 1 ? o^ia' on . -py eb on* o^iaiai rmws nnina 
oSxk nna 1 ? ahw orst on jnaiwai ruep muy-np^na pi 
e'Sn Hna^ i« , paiia tra*n 'jd'? w , rruasi mru ntrm 
Dnaino -in« iai nw nwy 1 ? w , npSDO moa o'^atp owjy 
. oewxn o'awn b?n cnpaxn a'laaani D^iii 
-» tnva 1 ? i»fiK nrnaa runoa o'nniflo o^ana D"n 
.py 'B^ d'Bibxi o'Snj a^aip' rrau onaiff ,moipon onwa 
p OT3 i myT'c'ri i 1 ? ionp 1 k^ dr , tpbk-'W 'mwci ffsnn 
rn'p D'ltnn nS«n o'lain-niTSi ,m3nn -"ipw by* enan 
e-aoMno , nww nwp»m caw trrip ^ya , cai o^ipmi 



-nan rm \riehvr bhsna kvim mpaa 'a , lovya mn ■ 
,gnn iwa-Vifl na nrit 'a w ,pn^ »'o n* 10n ) ^ 1Bf 

. DGXl ]'ND DKnD 1^13 , flffl mptXI fllTl ' J fl !> HM t6 ' 

SiysS hyp , intt I B1(<3 D1,n W*n / n= nt'»t 'a ,-iaw i 
ove leiavn -ibk , o"ion nniD' inn 'a i» , in* jBitta ■ 
wi f i^ i tpaxn 1 ? cSia' ,pit oxp rrtom mr jaiita nm 
^ai o'lnwn mnan hsv npa — init avp nrit mm* c 
OTfiiTxai omopaa unit: psoa ca'pnon onnttn nmofl 
lain t ^p , Dpan up o^m tit — an 1 ? vn ibw o^im 

. p k pai if ' pa "rein *?ai ^nan ^a pit *a f imtpa nm 
wim two , manna arrpna nam icnn on ,-p'aS 
'a ,ntD mtr rtt ,unae>nD *«:n <b !>y nm awnS o'm: 
aS , ■jpiean-w avn 1 ? paan nina ■» wia-w ,np»n ' 
'a l ?jf nap 1 nonn 'p'jn . aViyn V?na nam nann , u» ! ( 
nam , mm nunevrA nntt nisiasno , oipaS oipao r 
nonn "lrt? »a ,ntD twv npi .mix pia^i rrfflr awir 
in' mSian ,nonn naann niwa man 's by iSjut npiir 
(jtoh itrna ,icnn aipa imtn ,npunn na nntann 
naa ma^rei nmpnn irnw ,nrmo nanaa ,!wiA ,o*h 
iB'xa ,nonn nmsnm nywin-na naain miva in 
laipa iviitn , dtj bo . iia'pS caan:n o'oa nw-6 -itpai 
, na jiru Mints nwm na-acna inv nana maa npun-r 
.nana npiT nnabnn bsjhi mas pit p^n ianS mat 
. mnnann bw Dime ton ntn nsrt 
'a^iyn oxnen , nan mam nan by — fhvtn rffhxm 
pun ttS — mnnann bv n'yaan nvmanni ^Snsrrw 
nsa ,jnw parti n ,nottai .mpan t *jp nrncivi np jn: 
.pDp a'aon! 



kS n»mann trsvirb pjua incwn: n^Kn ni^ann 
.Bonn ion 1 ? jflta ib-xo i 



j*paen oxnsn n« nbrvio "iipnb canx unw p ck 
loxya DviiBn rut Tp'ja iipnS ,rrum «n rrovma bpiwi 
nrn jeiso Tipro id inn . iied d < 1 b 1 2 n nwtnn ni* nbi 
u-by rrrp nrnnttb . nrjsn inon oxnsn rut a: ioxjt 
oxxnon 'ip i^jrc new ,niaanisn nibip-en bit pwv6 
in by nr rfcien 



(jnnsnnn 'Bisn inn sSk nm nvnann ninnennn 
rabnnir , eitra tie na in:n rnana bjn&n nan ba . rraAltffi 
^e by n'oyj 'man nab 'joon nan rftaonnn ■ win mwa 
,'irae man 'a by p oj , n'-™ rmu trm too man 
.mnnsnnn rw b'iywi a-anm mpbnrwi 'oiea d^up 
hs rrHWKTi niacn ,mno mr pwba nanb i:inaa , u* 
K'anb mntwn ,o M WOfi a^xnen pn rrmann rnfmarfSi 
nniK D'xn i;nwt -urn ,bp8>Drrw axeb yaian mna r* 
mixa ik , nan nntain ay in' tdd ionn main mixa 
. "icnn rnitBnn cy in' nan main- 
"tun ion nan-mom myen 'a , maim nmn to:bd 
ffbia 1 iivx ' yatsn "n nt* mpinn n'fnaib'B ba bv maio 
,nmoNn nnyawi nt* bvbidi mrnM onnb nbi prnb t6 
■wbk-'K 'a ,npofl] njj'it nyum 'a ,nas; ur« icnn '3 
irrrovpi ba ns ; 'v\,a "p K « nTPP m , yttfi *»*„ n'rw 
py an'bitD DTa-aco ubatM onbun B"yion uviwam 
.natwion be» mam uun pn nb«n nvnettn jnbitn nrnosn 
can 3? a a n ' p n '3 , dtibioi mnuta n-oinb o'bia' wk 
O'Din'n 'a ,naJso 'NBaaa utporiipna ,ik o'obna a'prr 
obwt ; O'lnffO Vibai trTon O'oin' a:n ninan pa o'D'pnon 
D"yaan B'pnnp ,i:n'iia 'a ,n'3inbi nimnb umst a'bu* 
ntn nana a'D^bno unw , ona'bna myis o'Dyob o'baio 
,b»D nn ."i'it„b rrn "»', 'a in 'i'tt„n maj "»', 'a ,iDXja 
a'brii lit ,n3an pn bbao a'ttxvn o'aio »' 'a ,-iokj an 



. n'J'.Vi'i inn 'nit» 



.num Dpn .rr-onn mnnsrn rcfai 



.^cn -mam ornsn 

na*"-n n« nyn (• mKncni ;vn-i*?inn "fii^i'vica 
pi n;'3 "rott , irrpni Drvn -nto pi ^2K , rrn-ann nin, 
MbsH vn an tfn , ruts: in^un tre-ninn cmann r 
3*j d'b' 1 ? un» dwv nnv . .-rrprtn to* o--np*i*-i o»r: 
kwo 1 ? 'mi:*** '•122 , no***? rvrmnn mnnnnnn m^nV ip 
.mans ni'jyi-jn niaen r rhvh rwa 'pn j 
ion i:**s** "it**** naw'jen : tdk"? icek p»na vn* 
*r**i*rnri D**y3E*i mnan i*****;" "■*"*>* , mVijwn ni* prafyt *i 
nos "B"H*i naa .rbn by nto* worsen orwom o-yj 
yaan w ■b'? cptoino B^rrom -rawn ' 
■mrran naoo ■ja-o-np n"6i* crmann o-xiapn ,-oir 
f B'mmn o-xiapn iton nnn .nuito "b verb mm »'j- 
naiiaoi nam px to> itpion-nan nysipn nnn , dkis i 
d*-**-*** on ,nrw no'flaa tot -in 1 ; ,mpQ 'e ■*■;* biips j 
cp-mnto nils'? tonn icx ,n«ia nao -nyn naon nn' r 
frrjWJnn macn t mannn prA raws Diaynst-na ,nra ; 
n-nan kick \m rmtonnn nm nvaprnn nn nrrh 
□■■-ram rruvinn n« nvrtion ,n*di»n nison -jr* , o"j*3i 
. mann "n ■•** una* jovya p -aw , D*"*i"*n n---**-*-. D*-p» 



ninan niaennn mm nianpnnn ,'yaa wne "ima .niein 
nurina nnaino mna^ o^wu nuvina nnaino 'flSai 
,W1 ini* o'aa-iio D'pyji tfaVinn ,D"»w 
mamnn km nimpnnn , .Taup'aicn neptsnn mp:D 
mmn dot feem mnnsnni rrcaa'Dn npinnn .parrman 
nmn trwn mans . jwrnan mnnenn imo o^un , ciw 
D'Jfl 1 ? majia ,yi:6 y» p iro'a nVtUW ,mvn pan-man 
ncpm "uiv namnn o'mtn -pana , irum nnetpon jitq 
fiamnj km . mmo^-TnaADn f?pn bv fin-r^v onann nK 
man -ihk ,0'ai arm a*:bp by apsnni -ini' -ny ni -in* 
man ton , onnn ami? a'aatp tyi , cairn inaa nrp onut 
rnnnennn nx inrw tu ran anon , qikSd anaa tw oniK 
nitnn nsipna pan-man nwaj nay irr -nen ,rruunitn 
Swipm D'ann wn nniD' fjE 1 wporyjon . ninnann bv 
Dipan nya n; ay ni rVwn nmavi iar6i ie>k non'mni 
.n'^K'TK pa-nnn« ry jry-m nit rrSin ,mana (v'jyn 
niyxoKa ^yisn bm kxh hpn , n'jain itpana K\ib m'nyn 
jib* 1 ? mrya ,n>mn o'ran T^ nmcn bv nrnie ni^iarei 
«ffl mi . nienwD niacin D^anwa o"rnm owiy ,nsnwo 
»n\u»3g ninnennn rhrm 



njpsn by ccana ujoi bv nmnm -inonn S» icSsm ( 
Vcnm "w na»ni -wro mi ^y move ruowi tk ,(on 
ne'jnnn nx , nww ipk ntn nam Sy unepm mpj r 
mty ^a ?yien ^k nsreS n^w innn a*en nam '3 , mow 
i^'fl« iioyb nSs' raw na^nn kti , nnoioi nhye mmpr 
, D'nmsa njreon non*n ^» o'jm-n o*m . nSp mpa < 
. jiyaan nawn *jb> nra 'no inv nmaa mvroa , Wa: 
d'tw a-ey noneon , rAna rra>yo tow W a'jm-in d't 
cays 'a 1 ?!* nniaa maa , Waa , DTinifiO , nmiay nw*i 
. nr Sy niwisnan mown Sjp rmn "no ■ 
,niwn niaan "nt? 1 : to kS mea aS low OT^ryian 
.onsn Sc n*:min menpnnn Sa n« cwh aAia 1 un» jrrS 
idjbd ,^im nSiya niannn run monpnnn 'a ,-wa a^ 
*Tp-yn wn 'a , a'amn , B'oa .« niapya vaVinn , po*. 
. nisfflwi ipjt nSiys ma-inn Kin moipnnn b 
niainn , n'a'cp'aion naprnn rrnp:o , t**n moTprmn 
•■Bp'awn nfiparrnTpjo . mAapni nr-Dion D"nn mSi 
(fi^BSO'Dni nioipnnn roSiyfl niainno niwn fwitnri r 
jnnKJTDiB nspt?n-rmp:a . o"mann D'an'n niainn r 
ay on'a , n'wenn nnannnn iiy maim kti monpr 
^a o^w . paten naa ncpnom nmain nfronn nnannnn 
, nioipnnn iai n» im^ nAia> jrx nfjsn nvaisn nieppni 
ansra "y ntn iman n^anS ,n nnx it F ;S3 lyyin aa as 
ppa^ a'a'iv un:x nioipnnn bv np'yn hbm n« . b'j* 
owa nipn^ o"ikti nurtnno trMa inrn numnn fina 
• niaipnn *jb> nuvm 
mamnna n*tru nioipnnn ^a'Bp'awn nspts-nn-rnipaa 
,nonn axon naen , worm tbdo niainn /mam KB-oi-yje 
mi . rrbsvn nyswnn mnnsnni mann 'obDMt isao main 
vbyv /noKn mo'ni ,nina noyai mna "u» 'pc n^p^i 
rfafavTi ni^viD nn« s'n , nyiT nysrai nya mmpnnn n^yi 
19 



.ntn j»ran nx prnai nneto 'jnon nirun 
^w pi pBD3 nbaia nvr6 rtw msnpnnn nurxn 
♦jflian nan maim rs , lain nv k 1 ? tph , o'e-jkh aim 
(i avria ■moipm dm mprA rasa rritn cionn o'yxoKni 
*a , n'aini nmn Kin . mno rniM ir3oSp nWn n« ysn 
now ifME- , p-.tPD3 mmpnnb ncim nin ow o-utn *ia to 
mmpnn 'nil . rrnnan *?y nsjnnb ik noBJ Sp pn*? niMio 
. nnnoK3 pepii^ Sis' cm put? ,^3013 
*3 ,nm nxm by a: nmrA 'to^ -ipek-'n ja msi 
nK onnn o^nan canyon D'oyn ljpjan lronroi u'D'a 
maiab rrroroa oBDntwtai nman nniD bn onna , ysan "n 
V?33 hart wswtp i« k 1 : , nmn rnavn . dtwi bm vwanSi 
mo n^y nine 1 ? ib>bk dn '3 , n'jno n-rpn m ^y nnnojo 
rues . nwon n'ao-aaan m-eof? nmn , news n'maa rrrpfl 
, M)i tpsj to ^« -pin , Tovm D'nspsn , "wsn , a^ann , pin 
pspzb , pics , "imipw , |d6 jdici nsipnS nsipno naino 
tnprb HDK3 mm synm ipn rtbijta maponn '3 ,n3ia 
.DiKn bv nonn BTfj/n mmpnn dm 
to ni'K '!jw nnnoittf , wspb nyaun nin«n maipn 
unam? ,n*HDnn maipnnn '3 , nm ien ,wwb m%U t,3 
niijf3 p"n i« Sywnbt nxxf? n^is -1 ,nnwjD3 a'-iioi dtso 
mrah Sis' tU'K owsni can n3n . n'toa n'mw nionpnn 
Dittn to ruan'o ,B"D]7n ntt wani w nan ney levya- 
jeanrtS 'to™ '133 0^16 Bvnn nonn nan . reman toi 
niamnn l 1 ? onpn ab dk , tosr -« ivy msryb in qtiv to 
n-mycn rfybyn wi ,D"inon nwjnni my-Tri nipoynni 
npi p*non -mrno r ^3»n miw: "?3 ^e» nViyan~ru m 
w mo^n»n 1^ anpn nS dk , ipsk 'k kih . wnisn jvmn 
.ino ov nJNT niD^n»m nsnupon-miava nyoe'Dni ;ia^»n 
l']3n . DTwn Tffi'a naiBKn i^ onpn »t^ dk , nrsK-'R nm 



; .Rtiiirs tofl Folitiei" (' 



nruo tvvrb ^a'Da-toyi miay t»3 orb *ta *wk ,-j 
'A3 ,nbam 'na dk '3 ,a'pit>n >6i nmoiian »A .nn 
u»d ~o>k ,Br6vun D'fcian tci Snpn bv nwoKm ' 
meow ona-in nrra . rrunn tci rw ^yiesi nana qt' 
ok o ,nv*pn <npB w CEoan *iy» I'jps kS wm Snp 

,*rnyn nmym B"wn tdbipo 'j'jya 
O'jwk-o npntw "na — o'pnnb b^W r6« nnana 

IWBT'K oSlNl ; TTOntl 3XBH ^3n — "?yi53 lCpHH I 

ik «6nn nv 1 : prnn -rca rmiDO mtarfrww pa o'pn 
,nyrr ru-rina , in:n e"Ki B"tt ^3 ,uyn isS Tiryn 1 
-non by \xh naa d'k-dj D'aeipani a-pm .rn« noil 
byi main jvw ian 'jy nwpTi . wwi e>snn b?i naia 
^khwi .n'j'ian rurwrtn to'3 dtuio cw'BSi nienir ■ 
pflvron Dn-3 'ryiaa oipjnr6 tppao 'cunn -mm nsi ^7 
.TBSD'on pji3 ~- , am bv D'BWfln B'jwnm nwion 
. -nasi *in« noma w niSirya kSi , noum 'btj namoi 



•viirr? ,niDipnnn rbxv bx -nay 1 ? 0^13* uruK nny 

, nnino rw tksIji nimpnnn 3»io r* 
.□"iiD'i D^ip^y B"Uf nisi a*ays tap manpnnn ana 
o'oann .nimpnn niK'sna S'jaa a'pspan cnm B'can 

. O'JWl D'3T Q^BIKS Willi 0'"W3D nniK'XD3 OmBD 

jvyin an , nimpnnn -on ^p piu nnrn , wion nnw 
?y p-yin , □"nonn n^a-im npson gnroK nia-inn i3T ^y 
,nrr3i , nvmann ni^iyani nvmann n':an nmnenn i3T 
, (1 xik , 'jam 1 ? , najso . 'tPUKn avyn nioSiPn nan *?y jvyin 
1 u*vi — , nvrKT maa e6e>d rumo D"na nrruwi axa o 
wxn ninnsnm D'Tnann n^oim mshrwn , yaaa pa'jBf 
• n'jx ^3 rw ej'pnS naMno nwm nimpnnn 'a ,'Bnfin 



■ ^07 ire/ .Jatrsduaiou to Social FbjlaiiouUi" (.* 



rrcvm'rEraKi nftSown mpSneni nirrtmsn nipSnan p 
rtftwa nrnna «b moa rmiax , o"]yS o'TPyn -rca mta* 
, nanSan Sy moron rmana , d'jc 1 ! mrprvw , mroHiSfiOBun 
Attn -p.-iS D'Tryn io'jj 1 nxta mana . riffSnS cptnn ttd 
anna pa iwyi rwnen n;,i;nn nm mvrann nrrofi 
]»*? i*n* ooxya on o-BBE'oni cram .iSc "pro nwiyn 
Sy Siy itzd'i an: nvww o-a-iiaon o'T&ryn by nonoSv 
n*i oeieon nx bphpny mwn inin-n nwi .orJpn ofwn 
,*pa yva nya ie-E^ D'sian ,pa d'jb ik©' D'ositen ,mn 
■nan Sy pobi rono^ i*,t crzban ,-avz war o'icaan 
nano laaSz "norr rnann -ceo cm t?'x Sa , orrwi can 
. opiate e)im naie 
.niK'voaiff o'yavno inr ovo rwn ruiom 'ya* 
•pan nwn Sam vb man oiiea *a ,nmafj o^ia 1 WW 
fwi »evi oyo ntt .orioiem B"^rn o"nn nt* rrrwrrii 
tm*»pn p moa iitb leo-p ,r6ru a"a moa noun nan* 
'Ta nSa nS»oan 'to'-bi nrren n.'nn Siantr i« ,o*Jpnt 
munn *a ,dVwi .D"f?aSan ornn awns D-ioiyn mbwi 
Hia api dj;23 oysa rw*3on ,n - nonn naon ten nmn 
nx mya irn , pso Sao nSyaS iaiy nin tain , rnann 
ln^nifi'in nomai nmom naSaon nS'SJa n:i;on nnbiye 
mann- |, n Sy qj 3'inai tsd nny nop km . wan 'c bv 
. O'E-ann irnoio ntt 3 ,- nnSi omS xhv 
ip'ys o""idibi a w bz\n man "no mtwn nittxinn 
.niaia'an nvBPpioin niatmaa t \vosn "sn -as xh myiT 
rnyiniran mruo oisai np'-ioto D'JiiPion o'O'a nou next 
iS'apn ■!»» , a'lina c"ioio D"n vn& ,tnibnn nn 1 ? laya 
vn wrm nyn i»]h .naion hzvn niyan S« cbibh Saa 
Jwi 3'im ii '3B3 mxn nyt£>3 q»bj Vy mayS b^jidd 
fl'rian nn^ao ni^iaj n« avrinS Sai Sao ibsip kS -jk 
,omiay nw nSru monna may 1 : iyr on .nonSon t *W 
VXBKa B'anpnS p oj iyT an -|k ^non itpy j'ffnS naa 



■ 



-D'mn nnnV jni« moioi namo fjvinrn 
]prh *f*w jii'mann wan by ibyea , 'idiot nrn 
noio ntti pmai maru nriSnn nanipa-rrniayn nnw n* 
irwn naaonn mnna oui d"uip t^to Kin . rbvaan 
• niD layo njjwarn paten oinnai , niD ~avo jvearei 
m«nn myeiwi o^apo 'mann pmi rrmann moxpmman 
. ba»n ixo rvptn ini'i 



nrn 



naipna rronn ''a , cm^ioi wa mwn onaTi ba 
nby noion oiaan 'ai ,'ioran oisan *?r nninnflnn fna 
.n*D' *pKm imtwn n»i p^yn ma rw crjain neoni 
nnann ba hk -id:sd pbn ick , npibnn naptyn-mipjo 
^p nnoro nnan 1 ?! norten by Jinore nnanb nwuitn 
, ny»n iy pi oixn nibips nixvrn n« nxa'? twh , nennn 
oiBB npsDo moa nvanni o^mbn nmrnn iai no:i m«r 
,ntnnnf>y m o ron mann baK .ntmnnbp moron niann 
wukp ny .niniPi nin T,a ba nutans nrtwo noxpa km 
D'pbn ^i? pa nnaa lp vapnb own uoxy n« d'Kxio 
,nnn nam .-Man on 1 ? yjna nicybi ,mn oieeno ohm 
oye Kb nana , rwtn nbbann bK iko anp rrn lavpa x:sd 
'a ,oisn mvi to» ik i»k ,nb«a o'O' mrzb n*rw Kbi 
*naa 'n Kin s a *bi ^ti'v naa Taip Kin 
rbpis ntPinn by moron nnanno nnK ba .-nay 1 * 
.nie'jne'nruB'mix i»y nwriboK ip'yai twna nvnbipsntt 
oy ix ifpai on'a kxdj mann ba 'an .nnoioi .vbaaf 
.nrE'N-n nviwRin n'mbtpo 
niwipn nnann *n nan by vh* iyjn» nip'Tn 'a by 
noii'K -pbna t«w o-pbna wan nrmse mbanDnn -2 byi 
/nannon ,man baa 'a ,bba yna o'bnnb -ik>sk np'iad 
^aa nnv rfnw iff" anini , ,-nnon mnoo n:e7iS peji a'^a 
j'3 ^™ iiTD Tan B ,, n«ra man baa — , onnK o'XEn 



nrma mncpo ujora Qi twtnb O'Via' i:nj« oip Tjn ov 
nnspcno rfym moion nnsran . n?n 'iDion oicano 
libiaj runmci nw ibkb nine 16 n^jifiprWBjn by moron 
ni'ojn !>p rnni nnnrwn . rum mn ^>p moron nnetpano 
n« o'xan nnnb Vram naa , o'-invon trs'ici bv rovwi 
rbnz nm mean ns r.baza n'JBvi . o"W>an «nyri nm mn 
CDU ; nvtfun nvoian /iron 'a*w m>oS T3S , maun 
nnfliffon . onb'n jik oj mn naton by 2yrb mnn a'lvvmn 
, mpaa ox Tiba , o^oion mrm ni< n^oao mrit n'TDien 
nainn op ik «n:n ba»n op o't?.nno arm 
*Va oniK maaa ten nrn nipoa oSim. ,n'TDion 
■aira onanna *irw6 n'nettn nanwi fin nawimn .piopi 
, n:ao nbynb nainn nK nona ten "j« , o^ipaty owip 
nainn nK ni dikh ^!p nv»m\n mainn Trr pa natcin Hfffl 
-i2do dn mann aipa main 1 ? r»v ntwt , o-ja S-uSi t'Owrt 
,rrnai «]ua cmnan o'cixn 
-wjm t ^p men n-6u n'fiOKn mown nncB-an 
envwpnn 'a ,mnai n'natt man cvaon .d'b-'k 'j» 
xnpan : u w n , n 1 ? wriii cans D'wn npaix ■>? movo 
, o'ieu nuntsa ; T.aa -ami nftpenn , nanno mnnon , rrt$j 
■naa mnmn .o'jnn nui-wa ;dh^ ■rtwS naa o'viron 
man jnvnan ^x« o'pn naiao n'mt- ,pmo fra iwA 
nviDian onviuian nit -acab , amnn by mSoien , mainn 
.unn trh omann nm 
ziuwnn "?a nx maptfo nnoion rmeison : nntt n*?oa 
^ya tff'xn ronnsnn nan Sp nntt nmrttS o-japn o"»iwn 
^n^pno n^a»a» , rur^pn moon mn kvi ib-k , loioni ba»n 
ncip ffxian nne»on . lorp-naisoni ,-n^aa mann ^a 
ns'DiD mn yt ,nianpn nineran a^ata \ny tb-k ^a n* 
bv piann nsi o»n ntt o'ja 1 ? maia mn . n^en on'i>p nip 
im — nbn bv tpvn , nan«n 'aix n« nK'jaa mn , awi 
mainn ^itf maio inrn nwmn r» jiaE-nai npia mnia 



'D 1 /r»ma rh mpmv rusono nine vb nvn hzv ,nbri 
troy tV o'naji oni d^w rrw 'jb^ nop ik ,nnnnn:T 
no*p nvwoin *jin3 t n^y ibt nny . n'oouo-n^ai D-pim 
.nanpa ikt -wit D'annoi O'Eina D'twr 



a 1 ? rm on^w cama nianpnnn S» cV^im omsn 
»n n« niaa^a ptno nppn -]ina rrrayn nana ; ^np-T 
rta-n ^yaa vmrh nVnna n'mann manm , can-in 
*oa -itj? tcan^ n"-iB>SNn D'yvatsn bs2 •frvwv , manaff 
jn byo ,ia*ya ntn nam t ^>p ,rrtri mann ^owS 
D'Vnna cons npv^pa . n^> nepran n;aDn n« rwn^sw 
c'yenBni D«ipn iebd nx B'yan^ nSipaon ov in' ^iysS 
mxsej nbwn nAipDno rnan • oyn «n "■kjh nx "jSaa a'Dn^ 
Bipoa pu B'oyfi 1 ? B'tt'aai ,m?Yi nu»n nycirn 
Vaeri nnawi nnn D-cnn e>ji d:s' aya ays d^ik . myin 
}ae>n . nrn rsna narai n^pwn ma nam ryi , 'mann 
mn tnvmsnn but win naipnS ntn jcixa 0:2: 'mann 
rmiynan , nwn meion mann x 1 ?! 1 ? , ^t d 1 ' b ft ^> a p a 
renin htt.i nsipn Sip jimannn Firm tx ,ruaon pjna 
-n^ai-n mann pn , n'mann mnnsnnn nraa •<&» bz t 
•win nina "mann nepn nx p-inn^ n^nco ma 1 ? nnmaS 
. nonpnsn n'Bnp 
— nionpnnn nuaip ieds naycn — nmao n:t?m 
can outbid cnpn nwp^j mann bm nnoion mann nam 
o'lbun a'-tnx n , ja" ,, uB' miya — , D'vnann D"nn niViye: 
, wmann rrxruTiKn "phi 
-»'n "P pi t»bh n-^an n'mann htth Tpa aapb 
rinciff^ iroiw , D'nVn lainv ona» , nmnai owia nnflW 
rvtrxiB lknfm traia D'ts-yoai maiB rervu ,anmn 3^ 
ciaix aniff nE-yo bz by) iai *?a *?p nipa ma mno^ on'o 
n*pi ,on^y niSuian nvioian niainn bt* i^ap-is .ctpip 




(» Tnynnxn rwn a-<t/ivf -jtpoa man mnici nsn-n 



inna rawtnai E>sia nb:na mmann n'jan jitt 
hv nnspn ^a vim nnanno nwyn a"na ,(»Tjffl "n 
■jino tr-iSan , 'icnn avca trtvun o'lnarm . .Txr'ra'i'n 
ffrwiaa "73 p 1 ? n*nsra d'Sjjid , nmaj nmaa nnnisa nunn 
rat jraam niDipan ^aa nvutean f nmnrn njnn ..Tin* 
nnyan dv o':a S« trjs na ni»xw ,rn?uKn wtripnna 
xnpyj nnpa ntreajn nmn njaicen nanyjin .noa invn 
onMKna can . rvamttn mrflh nmn n^an pia mSaa rwn) 
ffw a 1 ? tea anaojia , nan nb dj dk , manat? an-tpyn 
,aiDjr rvcj6 no jni' w* ano ts'8 -urn* , poo nnviK nTart 
$Sbb!p!no!» «f« i!PN , nana 11331 oioianns neTfeii 
trm'-TDTPiin a'pmno ,nriE>i nihil nyaffn nnn ,mana 
TTioa nrnS d^rim en .rmnn Visa vm inv frtw> 
on . rrnrom ruir , rpJ'jp Ssd ikd pirn aa 1 ? t,k , rarw#n 
t th"\yn sw jniora n*?n30i nnfio nam Ttspn^ D^Virq. 
.□vi or "n bv uhsss D'JMjra cpiopn d'^sb* onwKQ nainen 
jrpmnai ,nvmiM main Svj an^y Sap 1 ? a'xn a:<x en 
pT , anjn 'e 1 ? , a'aiun , o^nan arm Tipa n»p 'insaa 
, ^et?n ]iann [ya 1 ? 
»b dj. at* ,B"jpn D'tp;«na can d'jjtu mo najrai 
nam crh a^paa is , o'DD'a-ijttn 'na"6 na»p 1* ,aan 
D'pmna Dixa an . mann-^na caio wwb nv^s'Yio mipna 
jiN n\2-vb mpna D-jwyra-ei o*T»i»n cipwho iiMKn ^»aa 
-jin 1 ? D'aanVi ropmn n'xnniR 't by nnaiwrtnaiyn na 
. runnac* a^mann o"nn runn nx amsn 
nuo a*w , ^*3 , »^ neppi u'a'a dj 'a , xisn d-kvi iam« 






,Beport on Marriage and Divorie", Wright (' 
. La cite moderns, Izoulet I* 



181 



l'ji'jioa 'in 



o«w rooo trnn bay inn nni' naT» mas inn - 
ruin 133 run "ism — ^jot nuSflnna w jiBynn-nenr 
dj d'kxoj oTHitnsn ids . d'bd'ddd o'ibdq *»y jipsoo r 
,w im* rraa o'DiSauta niano nnya an 'fl ?y dtp 1 
DTixnn . oikd eyas caitjii d'bbip hixtm ^ana , nro ~\ 
vy nnnto lie nenn rrvr'ra'sr w ivs-ten inva o'an 
jiiannn D'lya pisa -inrn yn'sn mn nxin . nje" ntt^M 
*ynsoi own , D'awn ,|iirffii naipna mmoan onya* 
feo DTtPion .niVnin mya inr3 cixa on oj omc 
ciean "jina nipim -invn wny&b d*«sd: o^-upsm oti 
,ini' i« nins *?hj ttms mwisnan. , rmwan o".yn -pr 
o"nn nan^D p« , D'yvottn ay D'aixn naxnn nana ; 

. inva dp n»i 
-nas-inn m'T man *e ^>y nnn« rmu d^fh rm» 

. rrmann-n'jani rvmai 
by moTon nrtwon ^» neonm nam mrpjmiCT 
moa TMnn 1 ? nbwa ram (rrrtUDn) rvansn a'jrrn'BJ 
, mirpn ■nSarrrmtrn c'Ainn niwin nyscn 1 ? n»vr 
*t»k o^a . n™ raipna mam nwm maba nmiyrn 
,jnaaSns naa nranvi rmupDn ^ moan nacon na 
my nvna n'nn rmsaon ^p moon naran nam icn a'D'a 
jimyo onVn nvb ipx D'o-a .nnstpcn *n nmo-o * 
w^b irvoic D's-i] owtwrn jixi-'k "?p ran orsin : 
ttpnrb my ^ar n 1 ; onn D-o'a — , D"n3 o'ji:rn in nor 
Wwra mann .cm'Mfl-m wn ns trVajon a'pr 
tm mff wua ,inr D"^na^ ,D-inN o^eh'di a-pn bit 
jiiyik "raa Dircoa ind lain: dwitii ,na«ai .wm 



rnblioations .Murdert in Hftu 
,i"ow Baria> ,oi the imariot 



bn . (« nm'roBirjrDnaHon ibdo nyo* it moa , riSm 
rftnma ikb nai runes dibbb nSy ,jTrnu laSo .ncivn 
tcpb nSy neiva .nyuni dtp nitSon nwypnn .man 
•pros e>Se> 'ad mr pbj jv^'d Sa Sy ny-iS-aoYy-o'iawon 
, (» u'jtp 'bo -we nin ibdbh nSy rvoiiBa ; ie7B— 1827 m» 
Ty ,1830 raiea ,Dutri ctPtfo nrn ibdbh nSy rrSaio 
iiEecn irn caqvypo p«a .(•«9i ruwa ,n»om duibp 
.I881— B5 nutra mai cyswiS 1851— bs nutpa nytem o'ippd 
-ino nain cpim nuiyj»n iaia d^bo'EBdh d'ibdbh 
o'yjiiran ibpb 'a , pEoa Saia iam pit ■]« , moVn nmoo 
Tnv owa rfop wun , inn in ^oa mo nan maa nSy 
.futso iyn: nnan-mnit Sip 'BjSattn uvntn Sana .mm 
, »eo jvSS'o bs by o'jjjiipo cb-jm .t'bip csSa — laao 
*]Sk — rrexn 'taiDn Sana , n n ynn qSx — <aiypn Sana 
r»ia na: ott . mpnn — larnn vaion Sanai ?"ain 
.o'tmnq catpun nnan nww 'Sana 'a , nyvni maiyrt n« 
nit pinS pi nSia' nti ,DTUWon "ieos an naist-'iaiy 
ffatsrn , DrrrnnfiWDi nrnttrmaip . nSyaS rntaian nSSann 
ikb nai moa D'yema ,B'jiTyn D"nn pussa opc-pinia 
"no jbid onS up iaa on . ihbi Sep D"SSan o^nn 'jbno 
■d'bibb n"na psnonS ny iSar kSi ciya ibw minion 
, owiai nnjiso o'naS d»e: n« srwa on .D"yaai 
'B Sy omani o'ima D'triaSaS , n'B" n*3~'Saa EMWipaa 
maaioi D'inn d'oidS .envoi D'oyooS ( nirxwn mian 
'wna nSto D'aia d'ti nvnS niittsitrr'K .nup 1 nnpio 
o'3i maaSa w bv bji m>Sia i:;a? bat naixn-nnay 
.myjnffn >rS nianp a-ayaS nwaai 
ij'BE'Bnai Q'aino nuiifn niyrrniiin/n D'yipsn ^ 






813 11DV . „Stitiatica anrt Sociology", Mayo-Smith (■ 

.SO 110? ,op. cit., Morulli (* 

,'2i2 Via? ,op. Oit. .Mayo-Smith DX iio TWB ,0V (* 



mmpmn . "310 i^a» Sim. runt nnai nana niaipnin 
oniD 1 vnaa dj ok '3 ,teyi mi3y rnoa "JK kS rvjpj 
yxpas rfcrn rwton *jai n'San ba ,o'3T saV-'anoai 
D"3jf n^pia '£)■?« niKiPDi D*ai Q'pop ibj?d ntmn nssnnn 
trnm-no mrvicnm enri -ijrc ^3 . ar6 ♦Vai jj-tus <te 
, D'jtP'n o'Tirrmoo ins pbn nom mn« -nu D"mann 
's "?y , a^yis nimprirutf mnn cr-mri *?3 . mm* nyi nut 
o'ranpan , outrun . nW d'»m Sy nitp-s' 1 ' rffciyfl , am 
thnrrmea i« o^-inn miayn-'yvaKa anwn^i onaia 1 ? 
nriSin m y Tio ropim D'ays 1 ? pi aavya trSaiD ,n"t?inn 
nx D^aion ,0'tPiKna cnrm . d^pti wnan ro'in T ^y 
panS dtt'tvb , mana itt rwyomwina on'run d^-ubti njn 
; n'trinrt D'lUiTfl ay noHnna wva ann nayD mnaa onS 
■'Kin 1 ? Sjnon^ □ , itP3iD aaxy m a'ima orn ana onn» 
16'DV l6l "jfiff irW 3XD 1 ? D3i"BO amr am jD'ennn D"nn 

.117 rcbvb- 
mnn rrrr rrnxa a*J r&mo nwipnnn te jnn -ran 
ini" erinta -S-is* teyi ,tj£U may nam rrAun ,rwsvi 
d^etuh 1EDI3 naT p , rcM a'a^inn i-inc -ipsa . mana 
(3 ,nianpnnn Vun ipmi ,*pYi *?y dtot a^y oVwun 
mw W7 nana , nianpnnn , n:aa nnSun rnynn nwffl 
, .navy iu rvvpiri jit'tib ,a^>iyap nyum nvnxo nm* 
jD'yiffl ,nm^noiT7-m3K mwa rfana nvronfi nrvn 
ttnanpa ^m inrn -ibcbs mo<pmi , m y r n wn nuipjwr 
mxi* moa D"nn ^ay an dp te-k , mma: wn nvsnS'a 

D"D13in DOF 1D1H3 DP 1PK ,m01pD3 DJ1 , S'^Tl lUD 
na-'flT D'PJK (OTD^fll DH'ltP pi DH3 llKCJ 1BN1 D'Slia 

O'cp o^n-'KW 'jsa ioya p , :a^S o^jidd or»c» , d'e-kui 

Dna i»» (D^yiap o^oto w d-«sid i:ms nflrwo 
me "py s imd 3i nunb-oaTfy-D'-iaKDn ibdo tdd rrrt. 
ffiaiano oipan pim nann'ty maa . miDpo na^aot 



318 

ApSno Svx i« xS nicpro nSttn nifi'wwii rny-in 

— nsSs SgS. Ct?3 .IB KlIpS H — niS^So p ,12*73 O^JflDH 

vnann t»vi '3 ,DW0Kan ,a"ioiSa qwjki BTpy b'Pjk 
.jrrronn rro-ipimn mwa -jn Syian Sk nKxS SiS 1 vioitn 
.Syai a-aan o'twit mmaa nioSpin .nrtnpiain niyin 
i D , T3Dyno ,1 ?K , T«3i Snpn njna d'Sitj o«iw jyitVio , newD 



owi nmcnn ntt a'yiT awa rpino n'aipimn 
Tin rrBTpioin ntraa rapi , D^issn Q'3iE"n Syo D'JITyn 
mnnannS ni «yi nS'yioi n^Sai? naaon tS nsan run vjm 
-onnn na iipk , ninnannS ; nana moa nvnann rr»n 
-[IPD3 na'pnnc , ifiom Tyn pa n'auipxn miayn-npiSn 
. nrrronn mSiyen Sb> — , nann may npiSn By , aran nnn 
my-in nxi nSiynn-na nw , awn nmir n« tSid tb3?i 
— a"mann a"nn Se> a'jiiPKnn anann n« — nimpnn 
St? D'jitwnn amain nxi rowan n« tSio nine? 103 
b«3t a'eiTxa nSxS nSx niyin nx nsno Tyn .ntinnn 
rvin 'Dit mian . vnann Satsn nx nin jaixa rmvi a^icn 
kvi , o'jcpn D'airiani anaana roSx o^ymari , D'ayvi 
parte) nip 'mi pp atpia Sa Ski naa Sa Sm mxo nnSw 
B'Bina Q'tPin o"n nn nnsi: x\n .trSyj D'noio nwi-n 
-new , B'OTun D"innn mnan nx nSiysS rmiyoi a^mann 
; iwd mpim a^oyeS pT onya wtSu b'jixj D'twxv , -lain 
D'-iyn nxiea pmn nSu ni'anatn Sp mean invn ni:iaxn 
nnrn nrnan niyin ; a'niaj nnn anpa is nvnaio -jina 

btt B'aTTp IMP , B'D'Dm B'BltPD a'lPJX 'T Sy 1(C133 niniaj 

fltrovn roSvun nvSgen S3 nys nninS 3'inn aSiyn . ysai 

ayn Ski yaon Sk D'anp en vn -iph , d'ipjkS n 1 * n x 3 n 

ranS iSa 1 nuioKni niyin Sa , nrSinm rfrrrn Sa bSik 

fam onm m iSap iipk ^tik p ayn "na a'jipm B"u» 

,Snpn aSa yswn Snjn nan rwi Snpn Sir 






,nSwn 'Sa tam wnd »-ki e>'k bsfc — ,i«tn tij 

ruyspj km *3 jjr ,niaitpp n^w n 1 ? nKiria nsin nya 
nakean naioS nj?i mini) orpuaa o'Vyiarw , nrwaan 
ryan ."uyiw -«nta — , nbiys 1 ? rwxvrt 'jintfn ipk wot 
.-pan nsip 1 ? mana nio;an moan ^y i"m nxoa d'tiid 
nrain n« ( it ttm it ..nia'ma nuwn nvrien niAfia 
w inn p^n 1 ? mnafi no nw jnns , o^yien bv nn'i: 
,D" i ?M«n D"iiarj :f?»D^ ,ia>y iB'Ka ,o^yiBn npSneo ■ 
cSia^n jBWnyn d'jok 1 ? ni'non nram n« una i»i 
•wnai , D"i£jan o^yis^ rfcwi nrain n« un: ie-m , d'^jw 
nratn n« uru ibk F .nArun propnoKn nu^on 'pw wjr 
D'lajf^ — tram ,pH3 pin rr ^' o^jns^ nrwn 

.Dmnwoi 
r jrvnarrnn» w *?y ntn |sina mwanon , rrtrpiD-in 
main iai by xtmn any *?y di swi rw anpa naew 
^y rAmon npn» , nan nn nyao ten m?nra . nbvo\ 
3*d n« o'oisym o^run nvnna mysaxa anm? not] 
,m^i"iJi mai main nteoon by n'joo km . o^yisn nip'jr 
nytpa ,vrmn iaum?i ayn bz maun nwian avo 1 ? yju 
n«nn nB i iff m'X' iai i?y mjnim rw nmya km noxy kmt 
"?y maxn mum kbd ^a dk D'oyn ick .o^an ma: 
no-uner) jirh , 1802 wa ,^aS D'jan tern , mrvyn mp'jn; 
, caaiaan-D'D^n hk 'jaaS nyxnn n« D'tyion np^no l . 
,ayn 'jion zb n« "inra irtot rwin nyrcin naiffo 16 i 
tsica ,bQb nispcn nnoKa can nipao -my nm 
np'naxai nfliTsa a^yisn np"?noa W2i can "ipk ' 
nunnsn D'J»a o^>ik , (mji'ipanpn) naaion nvjnai i 
nuvoan ,nnK i»; do naia^ mrarvi — nnrw nnaiy 
asm ^k ^apn ie>k , D'Dan n'aja nmn na'tp tcrab B'aT 
ipk ,npflDni ,oon 'a^aa mm inK ^a bv 'ouipi 
nnaiyn — naaion nnnpn rhy\rb y:i:a D'Syisn ^sk v$, 
. valeric npa nb Vnsn vram \poyn '3 , ln'sim 1x3 r 



■jk , dSpi -noa \vw rtbtt ny rhif ncxa nitt? nipSnart 
. niVjiamni nniD'rraiaTy -py n« man p ini» o*ysa 
-^ya -10311 pa p'lio nneo ip TapnS ,S»d^ ,1123 m*? 
nan hv mwim np^noa .poorrTya wvjm pai mypipn 
.T-nSiPo 'Spai nnnio to ninscD cmyid um» *arm 
B*rt i'K tpn , b'^pib to nmeiPDi , ypnp *?3 onS pit ttk 
wv mnstroa nian ninsitra ,t&t>i .poo toi ypip ?a 
, mftoai rrctwi np^noa nwitoj nippipn-'^pa pTBKi 
nosn-'p:!*! o'poy^njo '3 , a»n^ paj xb . mm -nyi nw 
-iW3 mawa na^s Dijrn pi 'a m , 13*73 onya pi owes 
nwyoat? o'orm . ra omiay nn cnaipn d'jokIj trrana 
onpum D'aw'n nuSenn "|tt .nano maa o'aaiio o:n 
jvoirr ma-tfca croso ,nbyab ncaa ,rotoa^ rutooD 
,mmi nato no'ts D'air* 1 ? pjua riisb few '133 n»mn 
Parana nrn aipa nn^un ( mAoom niiiioa 
vnann fe^n mnnsnn piva nw^a , n'jjiann mnnannn 
whip ( Tarn to nwr , awn rutoa . 'B-ipio-in mia 
,nj^san op etib b# d":s nuva: , nmup npa nfepo 
o'r:«ri . poon rw neoinni nrauipan mVpsn nit ronmn 
nnaiyo nntt maa: maip cyn' omiay i2e>d o^nn 
tpgeyrr^nso onmon rutoa 'a , D'pTi' on . nmoovin 
patoa rpvatrb man n« a-inx nnn ^sb nospf) nprt 
*tt D^'mtn ts iSa o'jiaip ceo kvoj ie>x ,'naT 
Bjtou inm maa nnton jwrn ntsmn '31 ,mmn ninBiron 
•>ra nia-i caps ni^otro n-rian ntocan '3 jCttn on 
o'piT 0"ampH D'«:n rrnr6 'pxatt iina marton nutoan 
, njpDon ni* mo d'K'vid oni , i&sti niptonn by nnswnbi 
,'rion potoa *yinip."6 niarn ntt xwrb yts "rpiBn -a 
Wb p^n 'rap'? nnpS fjis* wi ,o , BBtpa-n n'pnn nn Kiiam 
nn'n "ny\n mat, 'a ,D'Nn on .n'auipxn miayri 'isa 
•rpi , o'ie'vi— n'Dan 'oS^ai noinn-^ya 'Ta Ton nnm 
h nnn^ :nxfn matn ]n3CE" ,ojist n« D'p'aa on p 









»m ,nxin mytpnn nnott n'3in^ naa ;D"iean D'aw 

1SDDO ^yiS31 HOM 31 D'iy3 nWWl 1SDO '3 jfflion 1 ? r 
tayano n'n 'aiTyn aww jfliio ,jna o'TJian an 
awn jtti ttW , 'yaa man «b ^y ,-inw inr ,b-\b 
ufew ^ . iaipo a-mm d'dii oys3 oys3 t6k n^w < 

K13^> O'mSlO Wft IK ^"BD'OED ,_ 1E0D3 13in ntt IV31 

niVapo p» oipo iv , nrowi nip^non *3 , napra 
ita v rmSn , cisam DWjffl own "nan oy nictt 
BV3 v PTT0 w nn Dn'3 tpko nine xb nrnvrnfusbmn c 
B'awri '3 , own i:n:s ^yia3i roc *J3» . nsnnn 
. onsan trawno noyio mos rryaean itu o^thd cran^l 
wby nana njnr mtaa am craiTyn cawn *a , kxv r 
nmssi , wreman oma n'nean D'aira m^ntpn nam 
-nan m^ntpna oa Wi^J nana nyvr moa Dan i 
w . mrot nyi rwi . acxya nwyn irawn bar 'am 
iaa ( nan ^a no m onwpi niinw rb*n nrncw ' 
'ippa n'js oy -t;k Tan cmrpna on . a-na D'lam yai 
, bra mi'n op'jna , owyn awn ^ats» jaiita , owe 
firei' nro ,D<**»'an dwhd naaioo in me" yna on 
rrtrbvm jrae>n npbnnn *a , wbnrh aha* larniff 's by *\ 
nmnanna nnmsa numo pi pn wnrrnan nip'r 
u>btn bi ^ ,vmb ni baa oha* ianax , nai»mn npSm 
nwWni jvaspn . wnn nan oma « ay ir nmcp mp^ra 
. bs\ ^aa ina rrAn nrit navya trnsff , nans-toa rwjj 
pi .Ti^n ncyya tcnte ^toeo nana moa frAn jvb ' 
. nw^spa ind 1 
naiBKin rfitm npfenon 'a ,moisn nn'jnnn o^im 
'Sya tnaan oz-v np^na ay n^on j a 1 a si^Da i 
nine nyi ( npipiai mpan 'asa yxsab n^Q 1 na-s ,n 
,mown n'apn noSnnn n«ra nips -usa -nayb nbiy \ 
npbna as rt\w wnn na^i ^» nnrwn mp^non *n» j 
•■3 .abnnb by bzz rmi lrx pan Tin .ciyn ' 



*m trTf -j— 2 cT—r zrzx- ,-xz — s -.- 
Ttp'reh nam , rwSonan , -.-— : — — -r pw*i 
Bwwaa lain iA "*« ,rracr - p- r~2=- — 
,osrs nwra rrrrr few — -~ =■ -aa r 

*jk c-^v "»o m tea cars . c~=- 
.•■:-:■:: '* c*=*ri; a - ; - * , ~z * — . ~ —,± ar 

-a - t- 



..— :-£".--;■ — ; -7"-" :~ 
to rranps cr 
...... ..__ _ 

ppim !■■■ 

v n;ro ' - . 

: — * — -tr 




• A'iiSi<3iBrt i 



»m ,n«rn n-iy»nn nnon main*? naa iO"ioan o'aus 
tbdoo byisai note st o-nya mmon ibdo *a , nitem 1 ? r 
oyono mn »jYryn aw™ pitta ,jna onbwi 
awn rrn wSib /vaa man 'b by .invi ini' ,W 
ubia* lb , iaipo owin coi? oyaa oysa vbtt nbw ' 
iciab dttdid u"n in ^"oo'eeD a'TBDoa nam m ma 
nib'apa ;nB> aipo ly , nvjvnn mpbnon *a , napoo 
iu if nvibn , D'iBani awyn o'awvi man oy mow 
B": , HD,-rc"nn oma ntetto mns 16 nnnn-nibip ( mK>n ( 
own 'a , csn unw byisai note ban . nannn 
. onaan caw™ nayio moa myaan yna D'aino a-:' 
navby who nyrp moa on a'jrryn cawn 'a , mrr r 
nnwai , wnrman ama o^isan own robiebnipn nmi 
-nan nibtpbnipna bj n:vby nine nyiT moa on ; 
*j» . nnnx "nyi nm . eosya dwjhj own be- ' 
ma , men •bz ma nr onwpi o'nnw nbun nvnovi ' 
'itffpa nb« oy nbw Ton onspno an . a-na onain yai 
, bnj ini'n epbna , mrvyn cawn bao pisa , owe 
,kw nro ,D""iBan tfawne naaioo ik mw yra c 
n'tP'Strni /vwn npbnan 'a , a*bnnb a'bo 1 ursp 'b by *i 
mnnanna nnnwo mj-no pn pn wnn-rcsn mpbr 
cStf ?a '3 ,TJm ni baa o , bia'' una* ,njwmn npbr 
rrsrhvm rcsen . win nan oma 11 ay ir rniwp m, 
. bai baa pia n'ibn nrn novya kvw , njwtna 
pi imbn novy3 kvw ,m:»a nano moa mibn mtt"bt 
.nwbwa ntco i 
mwNin m:rnn npbnan 'a ,mown nobnnn obim 
'bya onuan 'awr npbno ay nbon pio tnboa r 
mne myi , npnpion nnpan "usa moyb n'w nr* , non 
,niawn mwn nnbnnn n«ra mpa 'Jfla mayb rbvc • 
npbna cy mi» wnn na/i be minsn nipbnon th 
•■a .B'bnnb bai bao rrm wk pan vin .anyn 



I 



Hh cryv invs vvbm n'iw«n ,iKa nrnaj nrnoS" njriB 
Tip'sna 1 ? nana , ni^onon , mrran bv rrtrhvn njhnon 
rwniraa u:in vh ynt , o'&Htn "a jy , onsan 'tS'd , n'wn 
, Dcvy nwia onaip new naij6 rrr» naa »mn ytra ik 
its* , inoaa poynrb onjiDB wk navy njw finite mi 
Sk ana? Sao ni 'jaa D'sowna , a^ap inwi -mean 'peya 
rrarniro is d'eibb onjns , nattSc-nya av mviS Tjrn 
■DfOym notMrrmiay ,|DM Tin nan 'bS ,pai 
■mm n« mSnn n?run nnnnnni , nta nape onrwn o'Huan 
fin ft , nra naya Dwyrro'pojrn "?a nw o'jiTyn Tfl 
. npownSai nbra njn:n aitp-n aipa nnnian , macn 
6a rvajnno ia» r f>run vnann jn Kin nsan awn 
tnVp2 vrhwo nyai onmon mp^na .mam •?» mfB^i 
iwmn ohm aipaa inpibw ,*inva nnnaian mytun n« 
jftyin ,-itryn Dn*a dmt-isi anrrox -wk ,nnn« maias 1 ? 
jPrsp^a'xn bv nav»a inm nan km cio'im nianrji 
onjnsn nip 1 ™ ,n6San wn«i jias-n ^>y djcn toranon 
6t? rYWBJrmbyem uiTmTon • myaon ikipc nmra 
-lapos* no 1 ? nriin , nman ^£t?a nvKM rftien mp^nnn 
airS-ron , one aioi o-ptn -tnrn D*»«n *?a jno d'hiv rra 
6a p^K o-Djaa nto layai , maa 'man naya on? par6 
.inr nman npbnea nsya psmfj lnnvn kS new .□■s-jun 
,nano maa p'no rvaayn nipSnnnno nin iwrn 
cpina D"eccaDn ensean .na^a nana moa is oVtm 
owin .can dh3i aany pn "|x ^ru mm lp^na in* 
onpn niava npnatui nsn'ita , Dmaji d^tm ni'nS 
,n-KT iiy p« nta i« ,D'i£an pawn *jjr n^nj rn'naa 
B'aicn rnnrsnna ravby n;iia kSk w^ D'JiTyn www 
^n6 03 n'm kisk I'M nto .^vnrrnan on'a o"i2an 
'B 1 ? istk ,wnn nan mp^noa rewhvm n-;rrt np^non» 
jiuna pn pn , a^n'yn □•am"n oy nn» p n 1 ?^ meitn 
£37 nitsn ( nii^Min nurnn npSnon ninnanna nwny 



I 



n!>yon anpa nitnan ,tmaw\ nxi fiiepawi w nS n^joo «tt 
,-invon nnrn rayo ^ D"«» pa nx*ae mm dSix , nawnin 
ni^yon nxa n^yc- 1 ? riEinn miayn nx n»iy jv8>*f?tpn rfcyan 
•*>a nnK nyt? iS*ex iiny 1 ?! trpnn^ nyia' rarm rmi^yn 
np'no in nawinn j-h 'ouipwi orra , tyc-a ranrn nriatwi 
raipa nVjia puipkti rrewn nSyon . nSnj ^ Va moa 
o"jyn D'tP'Kno Sill p'jn dj ix , D'Tipy inrn D'ttf'xna o'st 
n6yon ■?« D'orrnon , D'trxn . wa itpya D'anan D'B»xni 
Tjpo bna pSn xvdj trrai , omiay nso Sbaa en , rrj»;i 
, a w :yn nx ncpo n'trStpn rbyan . maim 
.nStt nSx nnSn nrffWH mVyoni wivrnan mp^no 
nan hv towmti np^ne-n ay nit? n^awn n"tPE:n .-6ynn 
^r irsm np'rnnn ay — rui»x-in n'tfton nVynni ,WH 
.'ji'nn nan. 
■?y D':innxn o*D'a i^sk nfjaipon n'yisn nB*B>n nya 
rrarj inn 'tec^ mn*a nmnS D'a*inD wiik o'awn iat 
ay p:n m»e a i, nn-na bv runmnn npSnnn nx . (» idjit 
dj c-airnj n^aa tx F nffwrr ,1 ?ya onsan wp npSno 
tsthvtw awian o"nn . nmxn-^ya c ,_ iDxn oji ffffflnd 
,naiKn-^ya Dnaan 'aa-r itp tew , innn ov ruin '^a 
hm invn wirmaa arraxo nSxn D'tr-ixn ivto .o'mii 
pna lair n^yc rvnDQiM'jn nmnn nmxa layoa ia-im 
, o'nyn Sx ayo tsyo laiy onsaa o'lVun inin . wmSen 
-itrx '»pan o*Tyy dtjh -sSn ; owyn awvrn r* mavr> 
^m n'lsaa -raw orrmait »nao ny» Saai ny ^aa anaiy 
cpinn D'ic;sn .anya iipx miayn-'X'yoa omenon via 
nnaram Trnn^wo ,moan ^x avu onS d'dVsb inva 
T-yac n»pn o"nn nonfjea m^' nrS nan jeixai , nui»n- 
mnpnn .nraJi na 'bya , o-'pyian np^noo D'an o'cjx ot 



.^Bie drei Beyolkerunga-Slurt'ii'C 



us nwifi*rmv2*iiran rmriM D'awn i« ,-py— tA 
T ^jj o'enn nnipaa oncnfl nn ffaitirn ,/man 
^r ^nj iSDDa rAjran ,7n) ypn-ron D'atsxa .D^pina 
nwitan -eS D-aiE-n nutama . (i nura to jap -isoeai nrrt 
. pnan crvhn nm -1 iiy D'Viann O'pya , o':isn Tn-rAsai 
ftsjtfte , p'ira onana nia-i maiAa , nrenm ronwi nat6e 
Hire n« rfina nvrnaa nwTia — rain 'ma nivnwi moo 
fn&nao oan cSaio Snari m^DO by D*"oiyn pawn ■ Brrvi 
mo? fiynmiap ,naixn miaj? ^Ka^en 1 ) .nuwo , 3Vj? 
.□"nn-na rviavirA ikb m^pio jvnm m ,mwHsn 
be br\i nEosa o'raxa n'rxa nmaya a'poynan D'awn 
fewon hk S'm.tg tctu dm , ,-n/va bvr jap tboom nrrt 

maa niavran 'Vian n« na^aa rrojiBTi mnnsnnn 
B - B* , «n nijAna »b» -jina . wm nan *fnano in? nana 
*?« ms ruwmn nbpai . rn'weo ni^jra p 1 ?:? rrApbnso 
d-b-'kh nx nspo icm b'P'kh mpSnaa nawm npSnort 
nSvon . oTrasr-nSai DTiva D'Aas nuviraa D'JJinen 
cx"nn npTtao nbiyo -mm 'xnn n« ntpa mvn rpv&n 
o'ju-a nimsaa D-j;incn D-trttn hs ns nupa ten . n-:ipn 
Pppp Bospa hr\'h Aavtp 133 npsDo moa □•nmsom 
. 'ouipKn Diva oavy swra onoiy nm jEisa nrrfti trim 
pinan ( n*a»n np^nono '<tnn n« rAVta rrs^pn rAycn 
rAxn D^iann . rrwbvn np'jnan ba ntci D-mne mnsaa 
jflTrnannniViyM D'Siann'w bra pma oA'apa nurwaa 
jtfwan .'ouipxn axon 'Snan Sk d: np'na nine maai 
i jgpmon D"na runnn mSya n* nbyis ruismn rrMan 
n'jij-an r6jren . niB'n mi'vai pnoa , na«^oa , incoa 
rm , noiani ^a»n »njA yjua D'nn« njna ni^n h:j'k 
.n'Tipn 'mt'TS ^» nna isko inv mpa Sp nro natiso 

. op, cit., Levassenr (' 



1 

1 

! 

a 
a 

in 

... 



arh o , Tni3 ioxy rr>r\ TiD3 .tiodi nowmiap 
irowi iiyi ,n-wpa o'3»rn (OVifnirn dj naxSoi ,toj 

.nuir nixiK T^ D 
-iiy moa i:ni« piA n^ia 1 inv noiiBDn nipSnnnn 
'poyo o'dw 1 ?.! 1KB bs n« isnj , tea 1 ? , Dvarxn . nai nnr 
,n»ira *enn ( nnj'D 1 (pip , momn-'nnso ,bti2B , b'bir 
tbk ,a*TIioon .(iittu neini D^as-'avin ,nmim3yo 
n3jm awn nai "jy rrwjrrfiwi rraD'BBDn nonsna icon: 
inw6 nprn invn rroa pavo mn npn 'a ,irtrD ,-nma 
T'ain oipcn n« Dsin (tin o"in»n o-opn ^vw tpk ,poyn 
b» iciain wk ( anayn onajn ia,ii6 iBana .ayoyn "noa 
ipoynn -raw i7,5ss irxdj , yvr poy <^ya irp» ima nccnri 
cnni , noittn miaya ipaynn -raw — 3sa ; b'jic -inoB-'poya 
.or: aroiR n« nay -ran* , — es pi 
nytpo na-inoi na^inn ,n»inni manrr M n manann 
fiu^so bi bis 'mi naa d'Si-ij n^inan nrSie ,nyE^ 
nioipoS onyoA nnin ,oo^ una iwh ,a"m .aicn 
^i-ij "leooa dtoso , o'aia -inr D'Ti-wn an 'fl ^y , a'ts-in 
tr w rwrfe .mSjnBnn *nyn naoo ik ;-py 'bS .hit^ to 
*tV , DnVn ^vk -wra , rmvai -ibdb o^sr navia D'anai 
nB0D3 D3 "]« ,nwo to jap 1SD03 ,"|sr6 jOu-cva pttn 
ini'n nuina D'flnjwon ,D"mann D'viapn ,nreh ^>» jap 
D"nn *yvo« -ity« , nonn Dave r« v-nb B'flRiern rniaa 
a'J'oyo ,n»mn nrpnoa is maaa ca-ino bj'r ofwn 
aiPnS o^ia 1 utur r6wi nnann pa . jiiivd ^p pp -ibdbs 
D'aiP'ni ,(jnaiya njvui rry&b nippaa "wr ,d'3OT ak 
. rv-ian-nimR fja* nraiynn niir-wai nennrt"T^JH3 -wr 
nWirnjaTiai [$TWa i»R 0'3iB"n pyo , o"n-ian o'lriap 
d'biipdi a^yan a"n u'nnnai u'D'a iiy a"nn ,nfl"Wi 



' tBO , $7 -ojf 'j -ji3 , La population tnu^nae, lAtuwwt 



flmfrwn ^r nroTpiain ms'itan rn rrai c;c- ipsa 
nvap'Saifl'-n nipim , 'BjSesn o ,! : nisieon nnmo B-atrrn 
,c-zz^. ra-b ,n;:iK -»nj r,vpza o*3»rn , cuawwi fw 
iWTtflwa»ro np'iOK Ss? o^non a-jpoyn upm i ,( ?y tfk 
tot vn' nip nvrnaa ma; a'cm L n ^ rattn npSnnnn 
*iE*pn tino ik nS nrrat cvaa i;n;tt . mm ruiawi crrjs 
— annm raHipn mn d? np--ax 'ai»6a win* -icpsn , ita 
,noiiea inv mpVinn -|ino cj ck -a .rroiBDoncn mncy 
mpSnnn :nnnn mn •?» minvan mxnoin op noHnan 
np'-oti nmnn-n^MK nya nnnto dwhd lan* 1 nwa 
W»innp nisnou it iva it nia'pno d» ipn , rvaipoTpnewi 
^a — , D'j^em ovanxn , a"'i:pn , bhAtkh *?ix puis 
. inran naixS bw nnoil 
*3pnonn nyn i 1 ? ima wmwan rn n^a ^aa 
»HT3 , yin 'T^' onjn rati pwi *t^ nit (ppnn , i *> ^ a 3 
^y naviwi rna>n miapn . (1 no-ntn-miay rat ruiexnai 
K»n tvwhvtn ;0*i'en Sao rrnpani na.t'rBn ktj *;pna»n 
jtjoon— /vyafi ; (pipnnyaj marram ma ik njiaas ,iannn 
rusboi mi3p i 1 ? -riia pun t"t ■'jpnoitn .mtttt-an ntairn 
nB-utn-mtap 1 ? rniaan aat?a nx in' pm iayp ran *no: 
op n^it Vin H' 1 )' dhjh rat liniwna . nan nnv my mna 

JBPWUpDn pi '3 , O'NH UniK TH-n'jPDl Bit6n 'a "?p m« 

B*na»itn . ?-\Hn tW nirauipKn errnviMa D'an na^>; 
nnj^BitPi d^nin niYiK op in- rftnarrnwu 'T^ p leai 
jmenam fai n:iaaa ntsnnn— mitpma :niie> jivbm b^toto 
ye rrwnm nsit^on' — rw^tM ; noi*tn-muy — nwa 
D^ni: a-u^Tun . nmnon n'jaini -inoan — iryaia ; o'ron 
,nattSan ni* D'-ima on 3"mt ,rrmb rniaan t£3!»D ni» 
mxu bk San ■ inDon ns ninnt6i , noiKn-miay rat rnn 
t roAa :ran non rat ra: w f n'an 'm»o n« bhsno- 






. 68 nloj „Tbfl inflnenoe of immigration' 1 , Uajo-Snith (' 



nith (» 






..mann a^pa m/yn nmpai D'tr;xn teaa ma-inn 
awn aipa ann D'ra-'irn nvrtio o^nn ny\r nianj 
d'jich D*p(n nmo 1 aipa D'aaiia D'orv nwayai , 
.miairnp^m , nra 122a awn *?» .iuicn ni-ne-n aif 
Drawn nrwn .mo napo nvnann n'jan 11.13 nasii 
■Win-nan an'3 a-a-pron D'^nann , mv trju-'ana d*b 
rfna manm ,-inr crainsi D'?nj ccy: ni:iiP3n 1 
,-u-na Sa , trpin nnia , n -ran to* "73 "tn»6 mm ne'i 
— (fiian^an niltfoa r&yoi n^>jfa S3 ,'jinn nan nimoo nm 
. nvnann n'XMJiwn pbno -inn [ 
o , "P viSa trvaa niawra D"j;inan , D'iisrn B*ow6n 
■viSa nmoa ovt^xo ,m» vba maa -inn spsna a-:; 
oms^ ]'N nwn ninpna tew , crrmrtti , trwi nontea r 
vpzb ann os&" -IBM hi bn rabb crbwso Sai onwjro ' 
■who "inr nan ni^pa anxa nnp d*kW ,mf>»i 1 
nx ff'jnn 1 ? "?p a"a ncyj Dixn , naxai . o'Jitwnn d'ji 
lEOatff ny , TTlBOnl nannn im-paa a^innan , 
DPB3 0/S3 nnVi n^>jrt Snn , on-rwa d'xxim , d'bjtpd 
-ii;n nw . nninon -iyiP tvi tHt ">»xa , *w noipoai na 
cc iipn , mow nx -;« x 1 ? onppao otuiJ'Dx 'a!jh . mr 
nx a; on 'a , ?ru Tirn na^n nx oSay nya SapS D^ia- i 
, nations ^iu invn nina crannS itar ojp ns?x , map: 
irtortnen Inpn no a^itn . "rata nmx m»;6 0'inv on 1 
, pan-man na nSvui n»-in naain nwampwi nia: 
nmttb , Swaf? , D'Dia-'n caix^ne aix^i dik 1 ? Sa frn A 
nnn - ( k triwrn th— n'jtfoi max^an *si? at? :6sno fprfi 
^ijfanw ,;rn iitbx—n ix ,na^a --auipxn yjan njrsi 
jivnann mnsmn ^jj n't»me n^iys ii'k nxtn nu^sn: 
D'OiK^nt? rwra i« . iB"n nafjnao nnwc nian^ , npno* S 
«n on'3 ,mpnn DTfa naS into nnx ^3 nafjnnS D's* 
Oi'n wnj* n'maio ja^ , trs'Ton Q"nn on'3i ma 1 ?: 
.no*jan *ry maa:i n^nj r6wpa popn 



fljw njniu , n 1 ? o'na:o o^sine-nr Tnyn maft nnwa 
. nepn 'raa niS^nnS wnstan pnn rhiya rfrrvo navy 
wnoSsn pnn nreR ns nn'swi , n3ic nun iiro 
(A n:np nntt rroiy vfot* votth rhw ,rupinon imixa 
mipjo nnna oia'ra j-ib-ipS nnjjnon oneiBn iiwt ,jdo 
njfjn iTXt'Va'xntP , maipas . piDT&ii "it jeiio oncpiwi 
.iffixa , "tpd^ , iaa , nmaj Tni'n nmob nninnefro t» 
nvrpn ,-iKa nan moa niT^n tedd it , nnnn-.TSM(»ai 
nron nx vram d^tiw (* tyn? nia , (» part , (1 idj^ 
n^rnv mea na tw nrrtn leoa 'a — , nojEo be* myemn 
JF&poa mbn Twvbn ieds nrr . (* tito nsnnunn n'jya^ 
.np't-ran ncsnnn *a Sy nwft ^csk two ,d-:eu d"W3 
jiin'on ma-inn pi mo laya nrrtn nwyenn p na-pnan 
mo ns nSyis -lp-ya bzn .(»nra naya cavyrrjiflnoo 
. FDBai nyna omnn t ty ayarra niT^n "Era : .TJiSia'ca 
^3 jn;aS nnTn ne»eru pnsi fffia nrp'JH iecs nayon 
■'a ,rV«o pin .Tnra moouDn mnaa niai nutwo ^vk 
nj: nnaim nw Tina nwn rmaya D'tscne-cn , a-iaion 
]8i»a ,nVru rneovwn p"i ua -niyS o^ia' ,aia^o na'ii 
ntrffn tu frm man ayin "3 ,p oj a^nn^ ib-en ntn 
jiinai nyna reyos man vtt '3 , lsnuna bVwi . ntwa 
*cn '3 , piEps 'Sai nna23 tatS D''?13 , urmi , nwrt nx 
mainnV n'yaan nne*wa rwxvn , npn n^iyen rin nsi'jnD 
,D''nn 'yYDxa nnv nVu nwnaa D'c^sita 



. ,,La pftpnlntira frnngaiw" <* 
, ..mpOpoUtlOll' "I FliKtllMHMl" (» 

, s Tho Signifii-iauuB of ■ DiTnMMny etc." (* 



7 

I 

1 

i 



1ST .n'liM'Jion'TiB' 

WQrvtb mann 'o^am D'O'oio nixmnn n^ipe nrv 
niann ^nn iipr ny nacoji naSn win mawm ,ieoo3 
run axon . n^on ^» arm pica , D«nn 'pvos toid trm 1 ! 
ffnann nysipn niainn R'n ]no nnj*n : nnSm *rtt» t'jad 
hzd na mwia , fjru yip piva n^ on*D c}ip mm , D^Tyxn 
nwison ,TrVnjn nnnm «*n jrjcm jtrniffiprrt naicn 
jtk mann aipo npmnm ,DTr^Yon trcxn nuvwa n« 
ni^ips Dpsn nip VtpsS nitta nuorann .D'Wmn D'lr'Kn 
, nan rnrnoa n'jc onpnn^ nVnnc nennm , nnaaii nAvu 
ijnwppvs WPB^Bfl pnn op laraona .RiBRpai 
ne*«iff yip n« Taan , a-na ^yo nnoin «y inw airm D'a'-ir 
*po nsoin t ^y tm« ^arrVi ,'ionn lavo naenS own 
pn bv Ton D'S'did ri'ouipxn 'oan» ,im« ppo ,y>w 
..r'jani D':Bixn!P ,t*a , nawn-miapo no^ann mapann. 
B&o> ,chnvm ybn o'a^m ,in-napa nasn wcrwa anas? 
■jaw . nnWRa ronanVi nniaaa ma-inn 1 ? nawn nman 
rwnwm nennn mnnsjin nimoa mni'o nana ^a by 
nown oy nntp no*wn muy ^e> nmnansm nmainn yx 
pnn , risk pai . vniapa R'xin oixnip , jinm tepn 
jiutibo mora nana bi by i ni inn ipinon ':s*npSoa 
o'Di^aixa narsvfj mann ns«itp niaasni nannn ninnenn 
ca-flfn npsonS D-tratran o'yvaicia inv t&ra ni-rnea 
itBOt to rrmaipxn-'aan ptr^a ia-6 UTtaa ,i« . ^)aa 
Wrft "na* n;n naini — , npiann avoa nRiaa nannn» ,ra< 
jrwpoa bv;tb vsm n« tr-Ri b-k ^ nam: manrwa pt 
nan oy nxpo ^a nnnnnSi uivn injn 'a ^p n&Tin 
n^ia' ,npi:nn avea nxx^: n»"inn» F ?"a — ,inw D'aaion 
^a n^apsi no^rna ,f?iaa ^a D'c^awa nainnS marei. 
nanaiip ,nyca na ^ax ; n"n3nn n"n "win ,ir ^iai 
jii'n^ nam Siac "W«a .nrruan avo^ nyi:,-.n avoa maijf 



.636 lis? ,IV yia , ConrBde iihilosojis iio.iitive (.' 



as nt ttwta ranm ivmtn , mannn ,nTprn ,nir-nn 
n»po~ncf~n "?ip rvy^niK "pna wivpy cm o-Bivxa ni 
rmn .pa nponpo mw , rruiaono nine >6 naarmrfrrQ 
ten /mi -wy ot*6 ysen (cido nbftn niaon Sa nfjiys 1 ? 
*th*b rbnib n'tryj -icy to c'n , cjieipn nrmn iiyp 
, D'shx 'shxb — none S2 0"m , dim - 
^oiSam "i£co maim rnrw nmu -ieyn nia-mn 
nmo Die ^ moa rem «S tpr ,nVu nwnoa mam 
on^un nsca x-« ,dxn it" .ninnennn niJYiaa mnit 
avion isoa Sax , oipvwi maoo by nSiy im mam anpa 
^sanb trb'nno mann •oi'jaiKi , nan moa bjrana na-pa 
rcmoa rraian n'»yj n-.ann ,ini in ^a *a-a mawa 
.nmaj inrn 
inx rona wnrrmo, n%i 'nam mpyn ma-inn 
non'raw , |fii»a mann ■ofaut "i£oa mannn "|a inn , mna 
nrnenn to nann raipn -p tin /inn inr rrep rwjM ovpn 
,'jjic-in ovnsn mpno f nran 'ea ,ntn moa — n'owpw 
nspE>n mipjc nann mpa nienn cawa nan by na'jyn 7a 
jitx' n« ,yrc \atb ,niairft ni'jia 1 niwnsm .nin pirn 
vn-ff moa ,o"nn *aiy npaam o'vimn o'EWan onain 
ttAawn i£caa D'ana , nton to ivn jaioa , Di'pn ^yifijl 
to rpfiwi^sn 'a ,mo ciac 1 ? nam pa; 16 dViki .mann 
p^WOKn 3PTD0 inv am D"nn 'yxeK jsria 41 nyoaa Dia^o 
nrn niKxannn^iysi ,ovpn 'a-w npwm o'ximn ,B w wr«* 
pra rmn inn ;a;a nanya n'riy km s a , d'jip n*jata nw 
px tppo , vnanm ^a*?an piaa ,D"nn tutor :srio .nni 
fi$:wi a-i-nn Sa npaonS cpmn F D"iann 
nya ■nyw nytsai nya mann ^s« n'a'pnan (Pmanm 



ni 
TO 

I 

nn 
inB 

A3 



.itr'H -bdo :m nin (j'awvi nu'ca oioSa O'pn in* ,pm (» 
n'Jinin ,D"i'«-:n cyvr-^.-i -cs::i nfTBowj niTina nnws ai^.T 



mam icana vs> .trasbm no jcA o-nanpo ,cn',iri cyn 
tijutA marn iS v e>"Ki b-k ta '3 ,njnn by \xm trw 
rnann 'ir'M T]p» ,n'Q'n Sa i»aa , 'rnann bhsn bva 
jiit'tis jyw ri^xn tmnn , frwram rraaonn asoa q'ikpj 
cm , rftro n:3o nana ;na 'jax , rnjyra nnSi *?a Isyifia 
*jk em prrit E>n ,mnx in u nan;: ,nyn 3^3 yvj/n 
ib>k , ^atp -iid-S dnhb iAkji mrsi nrwi ik , rnt?n men 
. DTicntsm ETODipncn ujw vby 
nrteyD , n3 ronan nuaom nvnynjo nnob , bin 
, D"e»uttn twapn ixik nx /noini , Di:ipK , bm iirp nvSis'^n 
, n»Tnn yivpoa o-pjyn-rniay rw Tfnnb rf>ia< ni3^> urn pn 
jiinnsnn .rnrrt , a*m bv r?vrhv7\ ramai pom n3 n»K 
iwmt nna^nno rr6un ,mSn ran nb-xsh rvman rroa 
ninnsnn fcfc nmip rmto km ^a« , o-oyn 'w tnroi-yjDn 
rfrajic miayrropt'jn : na*ta pm csd .« . nmaj .Touipie 
. rniajm npi^n "'y nxa IjajiD npyn Satt , D'piaci naiff ■■"? 



1 



i 



-inra malum mam piston n'faw n« dttib 'inn 
•ncm" 3YDn naona mnro mrro mann vbj* lripn* 
rftnnc -ny . rwnnn ywpoa r6™ rrnayS wji 3^3 nacnn 
B"jf3t:n iffpn wnpD rw *iB" mea pnaS pro 1 ? manj 
jUttom nn . trmsflKn nas^on-isx nn« -iipn^i pto -w, 
■wk ,yaon Iw Dalian mnan n« me*j^ ,7nosb )b a-* 
enny^ , on 1 ? "jiaj ptti rwp p« rwyon naps™ mipjc 
nv$3D — , awn mn jpbto ann nan nm , iniiaya dikS 
invn mt<n-T by n^ip irn nmiay mpi nnsn n»K , hk^bj 
, nnao i onay i b^k na *jy nhy km nn^iye na hnboi rnnif 
can wb D'O 1 '3bS iiph ,ntn tsropn Wino nmyxowa n»i 
,Di«n rrnay rw mvyb ,n»Tai ncua oiNn 6 mru 
n»t wn^> , 13m rw ypi^ , no* n« jiik 1 ? , i^-ia n« mflpJS 
nsn , in»an . inatfna nn nmy 1 ?! vnwflD n« ^n: 1 ? , u 



jvniann rman n« nny nvVia^Isi mnnsnrw tot 
ii»n^ ni «y nnw mwaoi a"wi nvoi ^apb nnui nan 
nanoa ,H'ironn naainn by n'jyie *'n , o^nn nnao 
. niDTioi nip-iD m^ijTD , nyvr 
ttiSu i«w .ana-ni mn nnc.B "?? moron nnEron 
^3 nma t traiM^n ninnennn Sir runnwi nunon ! 
■oaaa rra E"«n .rrmtwi nmnflnnn msipn Sa i»ca tkj« 
nnn dm -a , n'men wvoa npurn nnn kS owiwn rvTa: 
norDn . n'vnani a-'oupf , c'm niaia»m niflp»n rpew 
mini natwu , rowan 'artp Sa naaon bj d'dfb 1 ?! , oninr 
jy # ^jnan Sn rwrt owwan iSa* 1 16 rrjrta "iew ,'man 
orp naren rum nn»pnn Sa Sp rwrtann moon \ 
jruDn oipaa Toyan ,'pwn a>2nn .nnn nwai .nnca'c: 
tS iraa , nrnvi oy tith ber n-irsnn nnn nit ' tytsi 
Tnvi St? rrrron • awwan w nan Sy cir-in dme-ib ntn: 
nnetran paSt? nto -inn ,ann yvbv , Vna pen nny nSapo 
owwan .A rvn ie-n ,p«w-in tod ruin TouB nbSaa 
'hv Dn ,( 5 caana an , rwripas -ia-6 inv a'aspna or* aoxya 
'jvdk ona nwr; ^nno dikh , nnaS , (TSaSynj ybv 
n'-om nrvn» , namm , n'Biu n b y \ n in 'Bis a 3 y nsprf 
vaaS wiSea rmapon na-i n« tboIj , D'aiawin a^ota vb 
. rniETi npsETi Sa -inv vSy njPAVQ naw , novp ns -pmsrf 
rim jfiitta nanipo anaim mn niTDio Sy moron nnstpai 
mp-yi nyatrion , n ' a a o 1 i nna»cfc n-s?yai mp-y: 
»(i"py 'fiS iRcnoyo niyapa na'exani ,~\Tmbt> rniWTO 
.B'T-isn B"nn nspp n« aa nyiT maa noviD ni^ia' 1 ?.! 
n« t'jib , *nian on 1 ^a be? van ma' nina , nnan jcid 
,n»ri!)n nni»nnmiD , a dj inaTinaaonni n*"an *a , tricfl 
■aw ,n~aani pc^n nnnM ,ann nnns , D , *nn* , a , ay nnroc 

two ona iipmi , Ton a'caiaa mann "n vn on'by 
,Ti ya .National life and Character, rianom I. 1 



B w)jp ^apij nm:n , na-n mann ntti o'larn con hk D'JanV 
tkd n^ra j»'n St* nanttn . jvmann rrjan niyxpo Sa Sk 
trnwao nio'pncn nnamo nnxi nnt* Sam ,rrann 'But* Swr 
mjni nup' nms , "atrial dtt»» 'd'jk kiysS D'Sia' i;n;n 
irnn-mDD Svij pSn ,nn nj-noa oynSy nu'ann monp 
D'30i3 iVu mam man S3 bv nv:vn nnumoi D"j»n 
-*ttd . D'ai rmn n«D rwrra nSvtc nxmi ixd D'Dipio 
,nvTDni nm'iDD nniia bkto iyap; nSt*n mlUHni o"nrr 
triaipQ D'jraoi o'pn -s Sy nrniSiyfi rw osp D'Syio q<Sbmb;w 
*ni' D':Dia nSu ib*n ,0'-™ o«n—nDi nnrtK nnui* .naya 
,0"i;srSa;:S pimai rrofl' nisna nny -iiy d'two , Dnmw> 
Sai; Sia - * ax , irrySi lra'a Syisai nctta □"up o'SapD on> 
lainc rnbutn nnw S» nvnann n'Jano p"?n nm panSi nyiS" 
,0'iPin a'nm lainc nioa p^n mill ,d'm« □"n-'-noo 
mo-rupS UT3 rutin nyn rrnn w , D"i:» SapS cneaon 
Ssw ma mu ninnS , nown Sp D"nn-na hn 13 -nab 
/ n-"ian-niviK3 ,nmn D'B'pon d'tih 'tunS SjncnS noun 
,nnuxm todd *j*3jra rnpopnon nrnain niosm , SpdS 
Dipo -p;nm np-i*n , icion , fVJHDrnfumnn nnooS nitsnpiarr 
p . Dnrwn n'oyn S3 Sxx iipkq *utp nvrann rroaa bill 
ijixd urns!? ny , nvnann rraan Sa Sn on'a -p Sa mano 
S» nvnarm man 'a ,awnS omara uoiry rw cwid 
itrirSann nmwa »aSmS -iiy n^nnn nS nnwrnwiS 
d: jai , n'JiSvxiDn nsptwin rnipJo ,imy 'Jpnowi opn 
ia UW3 1 o'xan dwijp f na»sKi , o'D'S tjy ny , ivitSurar 
DnunS nny fen" ^ wwo b"k -itPK , o^nji cai n"ijp 
ma n^ B" ib>« , man ^a 'a , rftwn nnaiyna mrn . Pino 
fljnT ruino ny »tno nitr^ ibsn , nyiapi no'iDD n'marr 
fDT nn'33 ipk ,mann but n-rny ^yw nya ,nrnp rk 
• ilia "m ^a Tsrb t»bk- , « imii noui nesni 



ixo onpin rV;n; rfavia rn -am , rfom mjnn 
bnpm aipa D".nmo wv in nine o'aota mecflno , d'tit 
rwa nn»£j«3 painS o'rtaa ff^Tmo m3nn '»:« ,f?nw 
ei"rt o'^nno on .o'BJWoni o'pnn -nc <?y nODiaonm 
WoS tut ww n 1 ? '3 ,nprn rai Sru Sipa cteian ntil 
nrcni:.-!' '31 ,naiaa ann mo; 'sSi dpbj nin ^33 oyn 
<b n'vin "wk a^iajn -|vn .brjeb"! 2vsnb wni b"k Sa ! 
ibdS tiit: pi* .132 1 ? "ry nSjr -rs S33 ,'ya»n Satwi n«o 
nK nyoi ipin ipx , niasnom nroayn myiana nm rw ne 
maa a^e^ntso o'pyon an . crrw o'ay Sxtt nmn nyann 
njoori n'lxin n^ann Sk Ton owao an ( ^qtu] *w 
.-id-k Von 1 ? iaa nVin nvbxn nnwi "iswt , o^ban . anno 
it Sy djidSb naa vyob cmaio ooxy dh fftraio ,oyn V 
IHPpo eya oya . (yoitpK:) »ninoan„i "oriBT j„ nrnj 
irpnn ay "w i»pa ronn 'jt? cosn'oni o^pnn nn mann 
rroian nw n^irnon nvar nt* n^ajo , Tayn Sip d-obb'o; 
coai tid" tina ,t?w »■>« pa nmppnnn E'en nn ram: 
■ D"nn ^» D"JE'n a-mr 
mann *w nawi* , miMtnnn nVia' mrini torn nyno 
'sSk 'rap 1 ; , anion nnm a'pnn pote nnn aio pmai nyo 
nm' rtnsnoi na^in nvnann man ,nui» ni^iyai nnw 
, ixo nniaj nrnoa 033110 rvab nvm "iirtt ny ,tnvi 
*Son oyn nwm ay .tdtd 'a-iaa oj na-Knoi n^apon 
rrnio'n hyn nnn top rmiBD n'ipyj km . nyuni B"n 
by rtapoi ruian Syo nriBna nvrcn niwan ttrvnam 
.o'nnflDD rbxn o'joia .'nan Seion nyoco 1 ? *nch novy 
,nitnnn nnoio Sy dhovd ,aw\n o^n-'-no nan niTnoa 
niaino 'niann «]incn bv nM»n nnixn . a'la-p 'nVsi o'ipan 
, noSn»B miayrrnpi^m , pieooa 
tomb rhy\s ann ^ i;isioi myno nmajn rr»P3jiiKn 
. wan ff&nn 

TTBH D"lS-n 0-310 D'KJA3 '3 , aiCnb \131 K 1 ] ofm\ 



ID 

be 

s 

I 

is 



snn Sy 



nyavab td*j o'a'ina oavy D*S»ian »a , jiDnnSi ji'Sy iovy 
.o'oyn ^3 "?xi* o'fjaipon nS»n orWan wpm 

(]■• natural) P3Bn"'BBIPO TJ Kin *»il ^jm 

iy , a'aurtn-nspa jvyn oy iy ^ ^a nt>pa iwp mm 
.nta nt nbx 'M> nx manp a'aysb casiya O'oannp 
-'bbjpbb 0110*1 aip'ya jnDn-'BBtrD o^iaj noita dSiki 
nspBp.Ti mipjo pi nrrfnm nsp»nn mipjo p jD'oyn 

D'BStPB , C"3'Ep'31K O'BEtPO OH O'Oyn—HBPD . rTfiloVrflfT 

yaan-'BBa'o .nuiipi mai nuiDa Ijyiuai nana D'cpnan 
on ,"»fcj nat?na3 pi D'O'pnan .o^a'Bp'aio dbbe'D on 
ErTin -did nK Dca 1 ? tppaon , spni^fin bv iSawa oh^u 
juua o'^k'tx crtto on rfan 'arwimjn , jrnn nnom ^y 
: ]iiT¥ 10N03 , idjh in , onay dodo Va^nr , D"nn rrwS 
O'lpya rwy 1 : umw mrem yaa3 yi3an \vbyn bsvr\, 
. (i "d'tik o'trya niipya SnnSi eryiT 
»id^ mvb n-n bp: o'Sk'tk o'BBiPo tv nin jpiono 
D'anya hSkh nuteion '» ; d'dikSi-'Bbpd i"y ^kh 
Teinn , ci'j nawi i;in Syk bwnb , ma nt manp o'aye 1 ? 
/yaan ^am unw nnci»K , crmrn Ss B ; n^Kn onain r 
-'BBffD oa>3 oniN D':?a uturi , o'ayn bib m» moa o'tj; 
•nnK , ik ,'omK D'D'po d'dik^i bi vn Vtm ,D , DiK l Jr 
'BEffia,, tana tm ,"ii^b tct oann Sstt ,nnn na*jf 
t p*fann "ay bib o'snitpon o'BB^on on yat 
D'EEii'an 'a ,ni3iKn rupoon nsvv rnKn nunnno 
*r by ispko mv o^aa D'oyn *t ^y D'Kiaj nvu 
a'ina ,'San 'idid *iir -una ,oyn *ai ,D*nwi ahvtgi 
^ iiy nSi:„ iitk /o^v^yn o-pnn omit,, nyavob no' 
ru'io nvn 'jsai raaroi ran dk jv^in Sy oiKn am 
. (* -noisn ":b by mmal 



.x-ya ,h-d ,-3 ■ 



.ft ,1 ,„0« VtVtw^V. 1 
D , Ductor DaWtautram -,l ,\, ItaftWOXoiw* ^ 



pajmni b*rvto tarn — , srorjra rVjawnn moo's pi , jna 
o-oyn *D' '13T3 ,mpimn mrwn npnoa H3T moa 
,n«t mm ,sme\ retain rrnapna morn ,nwnnn . D'y-cai 
nuw nnan oikh jny *w« ,rwj»nfn na-iynn t bf9 
, own cy rmnn inw ma" x-xi , main bz> msm nurwi 
-upk ,nip-uoni rv6pbn nn mna rnana Tan? hrva Wfi 
D'jipn nntPBKa panrfa ,inin D's-psn rnann—'n wna 
to* , r6on Sip amn pica , nunom mpzn nn . D^yio 
manni ,iiawi '71 "jy nnaaai iy6i-ij mysrn p"*rrrj m 
, manpnnm owprm in ?y navwi 
, rno-ipnnm mpan nn naipa -rnpnn i!pk , nown 
Drrrma wta "?p /D'iD man -b Sy ,ait?r6 n?*nna 
zinnsn by nonaSi pnS nrnS itai' ~>vx , D-ann o^man. 
. trBn 1 ? ipT xb nevy nyt? nnwai tvmihn nijrapn Syi 
-ipk r mtj»nna msn Svk nfna etwi nui'jn 'if 
,D':wn a-oyn S» nunamWai d'Cbs'dh , nuioKn n« mrn 
d'oinS.i 'cbe'd rp jvjnn sin innn . rbtt op n^K 
Sa Svr Vyisai no«a OTiispn o-caii-nn on , (jm gentium) 
arm 0*018(^1 tvrfy naipna . no-inn 'jb by ie»x o'amSn 
ISTCTj D'npn "?ao -ma: naS Kin pi 'a , ona inm inn Sa 
vrya onp 1 nas»oi vpn .noiwi 'Jb Sp *inrai nntt *ia 
B»aa , ltf nn» bit* , rorVjn nroa mnro naan bm -iyik iina 
oinSi n«TW .on-nranKa tourm onaai ant d'sik? vnnn 
o^ia: Dri* onnwi o-oyn bv o'Bfiffom o'pnn 'a .nam 
, jnon . D'oisni rnwn ?» pjua xbx Kin vaeriai rpno 
quo mana mnt?D , o-HBtpani cpnno mb aiip iS n'n i»k 
O'pnn 'a ,miyn? main inyp rw t»no urn .iio'i '-p'? 
nniD' Sp i»»o inr o^^a nniD' Sp □•Dnana o'DBE'Dni 
^aa non una o^aipa D'piT o^Wa nnio' 'ai D"taio 
Sw o"^an nniD'n o , nun sin • mrat mpi rat . abiyn 
trhn or» ,n"apn 'naa o^aipon fO'pnni c^DBpan 
na orb urb b-nno Kin nt 'iboi ,rhaiMK\ ^"^'iSv.'Ta 



I 

n 



crmin m bk , nianynn 'tV 'a , ioiKn Tyris ay a 
ctSjidd ,0'pimi D ,! jn3i o'yua w a*anpi a'ari a*y 
aii ^t» nt jrwa n^aipan nyin .o'ia "rtv6 r 
con o'ytj »i» nunm 'a .ioiKn ,ou njn km d'o 
D*yu venr ok chatt , rrAwrna ,! ?ya b-wk nrViD o^a- 
nan u-iih ion 1 ik ,ini>a ai pmD hid ni cpimi i 
rt»n nyin oy . Dfnin ttj aipa o'Jan wp kS ok - 
^3 pt nn« mipA yjia !njyn| ■■ram Baic oj 
ji*imi n*ana niai m-Sio ontn .iihom nunm : niy-r'p 
o-anyo cy?: dtbxo it naoa .d'jbu d«up "jap^j ' 
, o w oi»6n niTiD-n main . maeu myap nyna i 
a'Sia: d'jb 1 ? rn , nvnimn nnaro m ay nr laiynnr 
-nai rwfiin main rrhvh np'tjonz" maa nia nt d'its:i 
nt"? n> cam o'anp naxy nyc nmnai .irrn St? o"nn 
mwrm myapa a-ijina o^an v.tp naa , no 1 ? rAra maa 
. mSinn-naai 
n 1 ? e" D'-mwri dwi bto numm main d^isi 
ixia cais^n p o"r:yn 'Ei^n .n'JflWia nam awn -py 
iV»n no'pna nn?nn m^tnonn its>» , b>ido ^aa> oied 
mx d'bu o*ai trjfrrj'B .nvuiaeno mr nmaj nmojj 
na , i!' rnrtnunn «]WMi rvhtw moan »a , mown njrw 
, kisk , nxi» 'Wiain ifltTi 'ai , nruraon nViyfln km o-avyn 
arpn icrf? /iia'wa nSjnnj» , r n*ian raiaa 1 ?,, nwyjfi 
nswn mmann na'aon 'a , rvaiai nno kv: , nmx D^peS 
mnn» , ipsk 'k nt 'jso *ai , ny» ^aai ny ^aa nniwsi 
pais Kin . rfisrtwxh a^oin ia fan nwuwi t?en 
BTSrpanPKn by iwa naaia iryaton nvnan 'a , pawn 
ca^inn cnn-'ttinl? mana bjnor6 aw maa oncaian 
, o'lntpai 
rsum D"n 'sbo d'JF bv raflimi nam mann "pna 
*w7fl feawr .nTpnni niao'jannn ,mpan mi inyna 
srxsi freyan nbyirm maoS rS ,nva-w\ mHk\ rtbih 



, S S 1 1 ' i .n .B 2'.3 

in;n icvn , Sna ~wy nnw rwy' ie-k , 071:? d*do 
. non'rarrmtf *?p rmn'ntn nya r&apa nptnn noiitrw , anon 
.imaai nn^na nvnti on Bmnoani cpWaa mranitm o^awi 
Bnr6 Tain 1 ? nnnx a*-iK£';n D'JD'on on nwoni a^oan 
, cVrwi nmaj ••bvtsa nx o'«an 
jimo .nvaiK^n nnann nnvnn ncipn rv'jan v 
jwxen nwn neipnn .manrr"na mm K3*n n'rtpoo 
^y nonen nx : trnp'jm nTrniD'e o'Ji? noai:an manS 
t .vuM<i ^a»n to Svun n^iyEn-na nw tna-n Syi csjn 
1« ,nBics nuaxai n'nni irm mnnenna w ttanon 
reowon mann r6apo ^-bvn wn nw . run'm npsia 
jwan ,niflDSannm mparmn n^tpaa to rrfmn wipna 
, riRin nmpm nn« 
itrntn rw iTpyn -maom nnayn ,ner6an ,ne"a: 
D«oejfn rrniDTi ns warn "hati pent n« atm ,nwo» 
~"na bt^nrv b# kWi iivy .nniaj inv man nrnofc 
O'oiK^n m laa mp 'a*a *a ,i:!> nma (1 tw S& -moan 
*raof> o^ia' urcur , nbru a"a maa ni ay m o'aiiyo 
, iMot S» n-6ru ni'n onpa pi nna;n 



* nimpnn n^ o^aiK^n nvno'n nx irao run atnjrn 
cwn-oa nnani D"nn-^ya nnan nrwnn ry n^nea 
^o'Snai o'jr 'jb>o caiTanrtt nwtin 'a ,wmn naa 
nSiys , aim '5 hy , thy® , nim< njrraa nra m D'pirm 
^7 r oama ipmin» nrw ,D'a-niran dthi .itVjtdi naia 
,-mva DMinsni cyi-un rmiD'n 'ja ,n"P3Bn nrnan n 1 
o-aiSienpuxn ,o"pn o'yno -mi* o"nn nanSoa ott^ed 
,pmyn 'nann nma Tjr n^Ktr 1 ? jwua orrnijna o'pfjina 
ana D'ai ,nan» mm nuninn ^lyerw naa owm 






*ia-!D jibSb 1 nnn •voyrb mDKno irei .ni'avnn nm 
ffO'jyncni nion nijie6a a'Taion , D'anpn ccyrr Hz m i 
nrw n^tpco nnn tdjhiS nvcsno rn . D'flmeo d'jv 
d^p ovy ono niB^i , nr-ion ^r o^nam o'p'nn ^a j 
. n'j'icn nunm vrawi xtpm-yjan , innon nnos!> f 

. d'bipsid o^iaa rh «tnS niDKnc nyi *. nrw n^ 
, c:wi n*sa 'yynxa pone-n 1 ? n^nno kti it rfbsnb 
way !o . mi inr rra*:fl nntppnn T5 niana gw*3 
rye-con nato Sy p^S nyiT m-noa cwaio D"ciEn D"i 
jeixa maino can d'Jdi itt-ea nrwi twk ,mn .n'jn 
mppj .nomrva bv nrtran nuiosni mmna 
, niaKn va f?iP d^jkh . rrrnttb nnS — 'jjiini d^sp in« dxj 
Bwta !mA 0*53 onaynipo D'eatwi Sipi ninccon 
, trsnam -pon en noi«n by ton wsru vrpa icn , in« 
jvoit6n nnosn nawn ,c-yn Sy n^ »'t? ( nyBBffin i 
■tos^ ncn-o km . won unon paton nn myooi ; 
^93 "iy wete nit a'n-in 1 ? mix nrnyoi nvrfat mra 

trgnm mefam naSin nSitn o"i:trn npwn nnn 
nK mjnVia viva nipinn mrion .nViil ni-rnoa noipnc 
njrraa niaaiinn nfyni ni-arh ni t ^y mtpyai niif 1 ?.- 
Win nrw ,ruHen .mn« iiyi nm .(irwfnvBi nVi 
^ai Vao m* nK nawo nsw , mstNBBfi ntowi n« i 
ny3BD nynv nrw rasn'rowi ,nnrw nwut ."to i 
-[lib n nrw it memo ira^iy nboa bv nwion . Swi ^ 
,jnpiD-TUoa^Ki enia ,1W)oi coayi oni-un a^aian ' 
Dipon pmn naoo ick ,D*pimn o'oyn .Sun Vipi ip? 
, ntraiani nyaan m»n ay in* ovy 1 ? mvi? tfHirt i^3' k^ 
nb chvb D'a'nnoi npinn noixn nnu m an^y D ,( ?apD 






• 367 , 256 § § ,'n "pa , rriiSi'sitn r 



D-2i craw nrw cj un: mem mnwan tt , cum *i«i 

.aa»n oe> n«i nncson ow n« coign onwieief by *rom'r 
•fib ,*]« , 21 bey ,- vw a'ffin minia Sy runan nnno: -p 
para menu D'»wn pa nib™ menbD -bai oifr»3 , *yur 
r maoi wa trpnnb ny new nam ne*rn .Dr-inni 
o*nn 'jnaosu mn 'j-jya crpnnb ny i'oin ir-n pnn 
•ao jwn baa.1: tra'Ton cnS y;i;n ^33 -,k , c'o-jsn 

. mm 
nnwanr'n nnoio by cnoron d'TC^tb , xie* pai 
nrroia by oneron crnrrTiob oaipa nx , n:nnxb , trae-a 
n-ipyj ,naipn "nn-c rrpun ^mwn nruwinn .nvmtici 
oya .n>- emwj D'empen o-rian eptcw .tihi o-eab 
D"o*p»ian trabfim ninron 'biaa '3 , mam maw aya 
'ai r £pjbpm traam *p\bn rut crjeb o*aaoo m nnoa 
n*Jbp bi£» nio» cjeb rn o'lean by trsipin mowi 
. mnab nn'nj D'eawn-muH 



jrrnixn nron nnovin 'a ,aitt»nb paj Kb nbw 
pi ,nbB3D nrx irn .maayn nnnxn jrjn nx nbaao 
nyia ny maw nnon .01 mr bxTxb mix mayiro 
px m ox , awn biff maayn nnnxn mcE'o nx njiaai 
jcn .'Jimpn 'aixbn om nx imnaa nae6 nnba'a ini' 
nmajp , nmnn maixbn nnnxn nx nneb niaab nb ruxo 
oyn . nan-ma pan-man , omibti nmo'n maiym t by 
*r by lay rwpm icx , D'E>:xn "3 ,nxm piano mpon 
ibao tew , o'ai mm iraa cayeb , o'snwo awiy <Bbx 
jrxtn "prana vbx mainb n'bia' , injiax nxi me» nx anb 
trfa , njnnxb ,ioy ni\-6 oji , mm ma bian ^a *Sa 
. nianyn 'Hiw t by intt iB-abi 
wn i*y rfasn D'aniion nwi'jm nyspn nnn 
mbiycn -jn by , nvnnvh , TWinn navno , n'jnam n'DiK^n. 






bv ^nitron win ,w y m ay ni o'eacni niattrr'na '»tn ^ 
-'law ba rw lovya nm win t by p u nanb , npbr 
npibnn nn nm jBito oi-inbi ,nnoa» oudkhi no- 
rm i'iy nm jrojn . o'oatpni mnatpon — npviyn Jvot , 
nneron-naTp ntre by onoron o«nn-mD nw nojb ovs 
juabrn 'on 1 *iiD' by ,a , vin wmvxa noipDa nua^ 
nwnn 'a , byisn bi* riKvb ba* *b win . (nrbtWB) "nayi 
TiK , ly baa ib nam nmoa» n y i rH ya an be> trier 
mann ns no'b — ,pbio op oy -wipon (roan ntryj I 
lbapro nMi mtaab . Kawvmiayi 'bibh e»ian nnoio ' 
o'B" -"baa , njwtc laa" mtn .D'cenn o'»:«n ba naxn ' 
jw (nulls' nimoa ,ibap obai ,mbion bwi pun bK : 
oj nn'byn «b nmn nbiannn .bnpn vjjra nyi nnnb ma 
rtnerw o'bian , rraoS in -iwa ,twim nnns dj 'a ,* 
Branson pai , nnflman-naip -riD' by moon , mpon oyn p 
nana fno'bp 'ca pi .pub pino it<atp D'-niDD-'nba; 
nibiannn baa nbpi naura "invn , nbiannn 'a 
mramfc mess -new ,mnm nbiannn a: rn nm ,nin»£» 
itsyjtp pwwn bao dt ntt m woe nnrm *:3 ■ bjnan *; 
IE-Da Q8» o'Darni o'ibpn .natm n»p rut omb O'ja 
Bnb wi "ion , ninnaa nFD n? d'tibji n'bna: D'ai o'i: 
iai£" nbsn nvinsna inx baa . cro'ioo "ini* w mns O'bisj 
,pnb pin Tb' dj .vaipon jbpn H'b' dj nb« nxa 
-pna cstern jCNMitn ba 'a ,aitv3 nnii mannn nb^o: 
mam bx nnan nina ibapiy , oaa-n mrw 'pbno inx *wj 
by crawrfl ,0'tpjxn ba -ai .nanpa D'atpi 1 on» , 
ba . Kinn oaffn bs onan Tina ibap.T nvavn ~\ntt noi» 
nm voin' nw mcrb bia' rm — nippn cyn a-po — r 
rm mn-\ ba . nm rnnn 'inn dj rnia» nnn nwbrn 
,(i nnstpan bo mn -, jn:D nm innstpo n» nw iiccb ' 



■ >PQ ^id „The Constitution ot MbeM»* , fc.rii\.i\\* * 



D'nnn .Tni3K marih reman myn snpt\ ivx , rnaipa 
D'aoo u'K kh» t; , am yya is Sa naaii "?nj run vr\nn 
trenven ,enm ctnxn ixo rreai bjw 'b ^j? dk vfta i^ap 1 ? 
. ornoc^ bra nssi *A» 
,■730 man -b by nrasn nnyvi nxa nun rreani 
rotawa nanno trimon npbro . ucd n^onV pw 
,iain TO . yunpn 'oipon awno noa '£ D'aaw mefynot 
£ftnM ansa nt dj? ni rwpru 16 -i»m , ntotn d-ik ^ton 9 
, o:jnni D-mo^ nrwi , iko an ana t n aa -\vk\ , nvran nti 
>6 ok 'ai ,a"^an cjnon n"na on dj *|rwnS D'anv 
ditt'j iSav tit ,':-i;ni',n.Tiin^ "iron* nt |Bi(ta onw iSap*' 
, d*t3ci D'ltn ^an . naipa a'acv arw , mpn nn n^pj ^y 
jinn ,nmnaa tn ij? mow tok , maun rb» miaj? '3 
nny nWHU ,nunnnnn mai n« i^arw ,onnvo o^pn^ 
ninaran nut? ,-ipbk . •xacvh nbs -fcrar he-sni r6ro nana 
, sn^M aipS E"» by nb nnarnn 'ja viSii iipk , o'E-npn 
. -iicn ty trcrfl onwi nny WW 
maasTi *?p D":non o^nn imS D'jan'r itM>H -wa -jk 
Bwrnoni nans mea rwa nt c'najn , rhun D'tratn *nb« nw 
— , w oy it -irpi an' 'js pi? pt» , nuwi nan mnetpts^ 
pk ^Va3 bman , npjmn 'men nam •&» , rbm ton nttr 
Shnta rrhy ansrA ^na 1 irs ,narpD npiai mrnoa rnniya 
Bona its; - : ick ^'Bianm o'3in nin'oan ^u wpvnw 
^3 'a ,mru ornon o'whtid n« jpr6 niua njinxai 
pojJ3 iroyn , nttin moab at? ismn» , nuwn m^iannn 
rcmt ay iE"-cn*ai ivps :nmi px K^vtsrrfn nvrrrr 
tritno i:n:tt (Ssro 1 ? ,mm.o .^piaa lo'pnrw ninnfinnn- 
ni3Jn avrn at? ay imparl ,p-r\yn ]vain nit njwtn 
Sp , ffWit ^» nnnrD nip^no^ mann nK p^n 1 ? — , *mjwr 
n^roon S» n'tpnii nn»on . D'2-ini o*jok b<tn nons-naiir 
*rtn vn Dn» , DHnoBi'wn p^wtri n^ iidds nainam 
nan^ ^isfun *sa ,r-Tn ]pnon niia ;a ( QS>vnv tiwanw 



SM .n'Jifvi! 1ST ■■no* 

-ny trsrw BTM wt*?.! pw.i n:n«i ntt iaiyn i3xn pjr 

irrnay mtmr rw isid nno ins hz . ,iie" Tiia ni oy nr 

•ytfffy n'ryi D'Tiion npSno . imono wi* rut rffpi "imDS 

. a^iiTyn o'awa *cri 



# B3»n '"Wp riR nieinS o-s'oia moam ncnn 
-inaan vana .nrViwen w y nai mea 133 nr lssnrwr 
3Tipa esan , onaji d'k croat* *tV enrja qtSk a'ac 1 a 
new r tnraa lain rrn W3 f netf? nitpy^ mpna pimai 

C"7t "KD n'^R DHl'l D'pTiya D1R 'ilDH 1Y1 133 J^p? "Q'3 

o'dtij D'rn o^nrrmo .nwnion nvjvn mawenai pavm 
. oaipo n« ne>iS n'K3 D'znn D"n"moi ,Dyc ova 
err S3 on 1 ? I'K iB« , »3rryn awn ^» onin mwn 
, assy 1 ? o'Bftn r naipa D'aterr an tipn , D*Bs»n zy "Wp Sai 
.nvi'iDi fiwnw nva ,Gmaji arftiina isvhp maa 
o'ttxr d'bib mna , a-ays 1 ? a^apa anas' a-mtan D'KiiCi 
hj rut neo^ i« , ]bp m-R 1 ? dtir mvrt man rw , Wana 
or« rbttn trrmn Dipon ^aK ,aa» nnrt cn^ rtpn 
nam .o^an D"nn— no ^y mm nyespn yretwrt DTrtS! 
nrx Riva 1 ? ami n";*ian-D"nn nmnan died 1 ? "a , ma 
iiD" Dipoa — ,0^33 n'jRn o^nn ijj?e" vSy ie>r ,in* tf 
D'is iDiy nny R^raa p^yn 'anon po^»n . nnBE-an-mip 
. rrenn nSiu rfatw tot nra'ron cy a-is Sk 
. anrv trpisps *ta ronon nifiu nmnaan warn hr 
naba* man , Rana lain n\itp 103 , a-Sapa pR^ pn T&i 
port main p fca* . -inoan *pDyS jmist ^aa a-prm tto 
rmaa RiaSi pmnro niarn pai (ju» commorcii) laaarnpaa 
.ikd 3i pmon (joa coiiDubii) 'aipan cyn n^ ay d'kwj 
, ianpa d'^j arb nnpb fisS fin tV^ 'Bipan ayn nwria 
^y3n 'inn retain nisx 1 ? ravya ntn lain t ^y n»ia Rin 
p^n nnpS fiR 1 ? fin tW oj p ia:i , a-inR n-nSs mart 



twsfj ,nioirvn n-an 'pna n« ipnS ,ai -leaoa q'joki 
. KaTrrrnrat 1 ? eruai pri-'Sa panVi annao 
B'rni D"nn ia*o Sx imi mv ciaiy inoan 'pop 
oik '3ion wowr dh^kc , ruaipm omn . FlStn o'vnanm 
-wo Drimi D'ans o'«:n pA pio ck'XOd , p-ixn ni:a Sao 
bv mows irrm nvwion t? to nay no , -inDen-'BiSn'j 
jTvt *roi nana •Sa ,nns ,\n , ;xxi ipa ttrwipn O'dm 
•pna win Jinn . nu"i o'jeip , D'oara to , ptpj-'ba , rhn 

, WIJ plBH3T^ 

. -inn inr pirn 'o- pa nryi ijnra npn mti-asa 
cmSaisa [pa-re 'xaym vrm tanon a*ao onrai craiarn 
l»afeio iTcnpon nannn . rain tuo nwtm rrtna rttmca 
. ch □!' "ya pjjrb ncpj inooni ,m:iDi nun nrnxa 
na nxn bto .k -km* , Team i*jrn pa miayn npiSn 
.(tn^y: ;aix3 imp ncSnira ,npim •?» n'wn rnpnnnn r* 
cnc-ix nurtan r* niacn trnpS rrrpn o^-ao nsan via 
mora D*;*ao Tpfl wam , owpn ffaitpvi «3TT npeonS 
jiwn fipa . crifian D'aic^ inva rnsmn nninan n« r6ru 
cixn buK iman ,'Brsn tnai St? crni nmiK d'ivm 
rrnneai rra-'fjaa , fna ,i«xai npaa — ,D*a*awi npsono 
mSpa T 1 ? to cTTnori piara maip nns mine . nnns man 
insntp .nnnin nnvian Sk orva rrtnj p Sa nrrnsui 
, nxTt? mire Sa tod riTnoa rv.ph Vavo ,na nnaia 
vjt nvtn ,D'jipn Sp inra na'ann ,nwn nrnran rninon 
ik nann: dm , Sna w n^o 2* ,pi ix ipa cm .nwra 
Wforb '^a 'vv-s "una jeis Saa rwopa ,rojip"fi'«rtp 
jflpvws c:cx ,i3-:a' cnaicm BMiprw ,ny»a nai ,nna^n 
n'ffVJ «ti ny» nnwa , mam vbvn -sina Ton nnw l :a" i ' 
rnnronpSno nnnnn n'-nx rmia I'laon nsna .vaoo 1 ? 
.ixSm nnpa .n6 mip minting n^a 1 m 1 ? ib-m ,dht.d ■?» 



t pic ,'J -E3 ,TllO "VViIidth of NuttoBi (* 



nniDYT 7>-n nvnann maan rmfij "lnra nini3jn ( -rn: 
D"oayn nnwn to* ie>k ij? ,np£DD moa triror 
nnwinn hub 72 7« 3'nj 01*7 0727 ,Vian '73 ,073 
■■a , main npnotta o'linni □ ' 1 1 n v n nrat bij?o . 
i7"£« , mrtlKl rimeo 21 pmo -ny npvn nun nmennr 
.OTinnai iro'a iS'eni .'jpnowi Djrn air 



d'O'ido onmo miva □"mann DTirrci nwpjftn 
D'tono maim can . mann ?» D ,h nn -mo m 7732 nptno 
mann ,o'-riun "n neipma ntrxo inY« moa none on 1 
. D'Da;3 n-wpnai D'Ditawa na-x 
rr-i3«n .ican "na rpn «n ni7iann n'jnnn ne 
orn tncia nio'pno nontn-nai? onawi 7» niiwpS 
■nan p p6 pro np7rmo rra-ixn •ninea nfonp mix: 
d'mtoj D7a D-aim -jk ,mctP7i rmyh .rctnaewrnrn 
iina ,rcVfSi omena o'p'inn ant ona«n .nnapn a« 
una — , D'laijr an» pp-ipn n» , o'eapi ninspo-m-ii 
onaip on , o'jiyo a-iiana nnw ipvnn k 1 ? n"oiB d'e 

• orwrwS dd d'o'jpdi ; 
nip ,ntt?n n^cn nx nny crraa i:n;np jaiea ,omn 
123 b" 7a« .crcimt mw» 'taio -ny i"k ,nou t 
niTN , o'smp niaipo / nwnn^i mn nmapS □ ,, i2"id moip 
fiuaip anpn^ pimoi 2i-ipo mn 'Jion pt7 pto ana'' B 
, D'lxiao rrwn o^Twn nuipo . 0"Di«7n o.tWk iia; 
*ia*ie wn on .naaon vnnpa B7BD dv 17 cpao i 
dtiik enma O'tasiBrn D'a'ram ,rfJ' TP n* ru runm 1 
nnrm naipna . ap^> on-nnips n» dipd o'anui trA ar 
-npflQi cwnan , o'jptm D'jvimn D'acr troaern nm 
by by . n7Kn owipn niDipoa yap-rD'E" mb-h bv nar 
B-Pin pimoi arpo -my urvb* .navn nru Ton omi 



nx hm'n TKb mem m aasyh DTipV) BTaaon 
iwya mpcynon run nnon ruisna mpDjrnon nn 
■row ohxi' dh ; rpoaani nateon '-no r» omoo on 
to' o-anno oyjoan .oMUjmi o*ynpyt? her man naxjr 
o'SKiffi D"sp o'aainn , n-naj? naipi trSjna her mart rtwft 
pwawi 'a ,*n"ri noN -DBnp nara^i mpjaon msb ci 
,-sipna cVtPio mippn^ d^w , meynn nrma znsv r 
'W„ «ba nrs« nt run "Sicn 'w» ,rjn 'iA , hsn , rr 
, a-^ai *iona dims '2^3 tin "tay btrw 
D'jpian ns on irapn m o-'rn nan ^ktp *m ipmnnw 
Kb owsm .Difron na-pa ie>yj ouaSn i* ,ne-p m«: 

.ortsn 'aba 
mViys ibps n'nnx m-ujn ni^iannm nwiKrrniroa 
o'ipintp np ,rronri "n ninnenna nnaaii rrbm -p ' 
j'jrA mar6 fea icsx ok ,iaia peps'? frnm cu 
onjn 'a 1 ? . in« jew ntwa ninnflnn btt> nji^p rums' 
en* n*?j?a man -jina pi ibmS nam mwynpAn n f 
.ni«n rbbsnr] nn nnnio man nnaip -|K .q'jwo' 
mvw nwi niao *r V iSjnb bia' mann hv D»j«n-n3' 
.nsraan laV: 
irapnen nnann baa *a ,ti*6 nttn-n naxn obwi 
own rmaj , inva nibscm nnra roniaan nabn , 13:013. 
own byo 'pbn lira pi n:iaai njna nmajn rpwsi 
maw una bap 1 ? p oj em .m/aan rvaoyn iw» 
nnrn , nnann *?a *a , pso baa nbj?: nninDtw nniocn 
nrx .nniD'D pbn niaaiio , iuai bei niTtioai mnnisD 
emxb wiennff , o , :w D'Mia t nnn mai o*aj/i> iy:a: 
, f~u«n~D^ n« onnn ir:an new , nniD'o [pbn , ni inn nt 
,jpbm ,ana D'prn onnx o'ffaia t nnn easy iy:as a'rwi 
D'pbnn on' . iy:aj t6 Doyyai iy;an iipk , nniD'o , njnnx 1 * 
6aa D'ai nmi 'D'a ^yieai noxa n^jnj n^Nn o'enyn 
flmrenn f?» nnnwon meipna pn .ruj^on n'nwmin nuo 






k.h nu» 



r 



,-i.ny Baron nets 11 naaa .(pawis Dainrsn) "nUuufifl 
.rwnann naainn -py fjy nSiyi nSyoS irmann rrjan 713? 
•noio dh D-:a:n moa o'jiwm cidioh ,kicx pai 
V» nw»n rnSiysn nrnai . FWfiam naiSon , mm nStroan 
vt j'-a in nnaino nyorraTWDi tcyn-npEo .mrr-jro 
n*D»n pa Han Sa arm D':a?a i*va: kS pS , Twci "]7D3 
.rrtjipitrn naSaa rwvn naSaan .naSotinpi rwnfl 
^ya n-rnann man my imeru kS won nwpfta SpK 
hv p'Syn prm "pin 11 naDa .ayn Sir o'vnann nnwa 
— ,D'viapi D'a'ica a-imaS nSe-aan-Sa ntt -jwrt— , wflall 
,B3Bn nx ,Btta»n-muw nx na ,man 'd Sy ,d"ididS 
^nan paScn rnrxa Rjnv ny lE'oa . rowan nw jSpn n* 
roa cweS ipaipaiff ffrwunwi Sa rrnii n« a'pai p'Syn 
o-D'pnon , mSyon-'piSn nt* dj D'pDi two ttin .ruan 
-i»« , D*aarD lanan ayn® ny»a . rponn anpa naao 
„ \sw eh px ■b raia , naiSani nrSnwsn nnoie by no-na 
,p-,in-yai may bo mntweS naa tiibo Kin nth nytpa 
cmann mma-a r6sn D'Siann . D*aSa Spi d'S'vk bv 
\vhvn , rrtijnsn ,f ?nan chcij rfjptf , a*Da iina nfip D-pnira 
rvmann n*»n pa run -mprr\ Dirn . nvnann n i :aa mnasfl 
.rontt d^d" 1 nsipn iirea o'pno B*wann. nrnoTi pat 
trSinan □"a , :cn o'Snann rrnaS , D'jnaon oSwi 
niSiycn nva , BTienO , a"?vx □•'a'pnon wonrrasBI 
bv np^na 1 ? a-cy: D-y;aan , a>y:a:n Sfftt neiS , ni-mann 
Sip npSnaS— a<y:a;m , nno-MToai nay-WK ,nT*JRa 
nt WWTS np-rna rtar-cn npSfian nivia . n't-im d":ck 
«S pb , non«n n« ^l^y^ jwaan ayn n« rmnaoi ^pnptl 
RWMiTHn pai rvtwTtjn rrtwynitn pa Han Sa nyd3 
jik ni'Sia fiftwopi Si? nwanwn .niann S» n'SaSan 
lino Btnasi ffmn'n n« "psnS naa ,n?n Siann nivn 
*ioid an , o^avn onoio Sip rne^Sff nyiapS mpyan-nB-nr 
.n^r;m 'Q-isn pjpf 




rruiani na*ioo "inv mix ^apa nnaa pnpn paten 
Am paten rm -wk npa , awtcm o*xta . mwn ' 
rmciD by onoron , o-oaffn-mus ipi mnta d», 
^p en-nn nam ns mtrpS ntn jibSiph *?a* vh ,DK,-rnia 
, inpatpa'? niD'a- naa , pan "na d^jtot oa»n nan 
-loven ,flpn ewq '-pit noipn ,-j^a mixa opinnpa Sai 
vjab nwra wira ns Vnioi .awr n o nnoio ^p 
*e Vp , mpctra^ iid^ apa apa opn ^jvin ts , msAi 
,an 'e "?p ,i^p o-o'ao w oj o^isi .mro rwnB man 
^P3 161 ,opna n^po^j noipn ,nxna^v6s pate ^>pa 
mpan nia-i? npB-a -|k .ia*pa opn upon pai:n .pate 
inn op nvttb wo mn ^ o-pn pin^ , Mas , opn t$ 
ttan'l viewi vat* ntt pnpn paten tep' m ,vnnnp:an 
, n^a mann pn ((Ban 1 na» , nai^p mi* una Sa ppS 
■wki f npt3»a vrrfj\ a*pn P ir|l? inM ■"' "w d 1E '' E ' "^13 
. -aisn iroai utotea ia f|nn»o ranon nana insi nnx ^?a 
jvSpn 'anon paten Vnno naxp nsrn nman by 

.mann te Q'Titptid bs by nipin nnnn-mSips ^ipe^ 
CDin-n by 0'aT d'b 1 iraa bya na* ,'mann ^a»n 
., wWwm warm , rnwpvn n* na ip «aaa mn , crorann 
»ik ura^ ^nno sin nnp .aatrm ]bpn 'area mwa 
-paon npswn nnn . o'ni (UscretH) nmpe mwa vnispsrn 
rw ptean ,c*p:a:m oT'aaan pa ,0'ai2"n y» pa ss?oi 
cann d'tid ppnrfn avm o'a-n ib »pa!) wnnn Sairn 
jtk imps nnn Tapnb apa apa bwio sin ,marm "na 
rttoyth paua nnp np n»y icua , o"mann omi nov 
mann 'Din^a ni'H tvra vmvn s'vin^i ^'Tn'n D-csn 
p iiapSi mpn 1 ? d'3'ty dho ni'si ,D'pnn^i icntpnlj cim 
"trana D'aana , h^kd -mann fecmp , o'on'n ^a . o"m 
. a'piapi Bvrea a ' i d 1 a ^ D-:cin 
onann paBE- laa , iviiSipa ns "jpis jv^pn naten 
- , fea„ jnyrota iin'a ^n'mann tviw TwyiisKa. ,^w^ 



(fton Tjn nvrna rmptr-Spa. ,p^j-d™ ana ipr »bj. 
^a* ,(»"rrrwi rtwro nioipo ana o'kti wok ipi© 
iya Kin imbb 'town oyn rm 'a ,ra d'rvid nous 
lina .D^MNn ,miw dtpi rvbrhina nmrw nnynp 
BSww^pi d^sw nixnn 1 ? o^iyo mn rS ,trp'jaoi D'»ai3 
nna pu tVb i^a tayoa aa-io n^>Rn nmRa kxojh sunn* 
'jioi'an oiddhd len 1 ? ,'Kfep o»a ^aa uiota pun ,3-iipn 
,-tt^T3ep nuiK . ma im* paw psen , "Dpo-iS^nn. 
•on: oi ok ,T#p^ pun Siu mm pSnm na^uatpo^ 
aip'no ;n dj loaiOT , tnoiwi opo D'lnwon o'jeia nvpoa 
•■jiBBnaa dj p 1031 bb/jtoi eg-)Dioa , pans . 'opo-i^Mia 

^123n ^3 pis'? ,T!P'S31 Tpsntf*3 ,TBhBOghRWa ( t#5 

-nayo rr^p-ua npbno 1 ? DT'Jaon o^M«n vn ,*AgW* 
•^ana itbsi jD'o'jBiRn nffwrrnaip Sb» ann opn a^a sdott 
^33 . man Dpno i*i«»;» D'ai d-rtoi d^ibtb. invn ymn 
wi:k — nvbwN -invn nun dj — .tSjjrs d'jid unjRer ma 
, (* -md 3i -ISD03 ^jwvfa 'jiona pu , ^ , '' , o-kvio 
'a , mraio nia wpynsp '^utcri awn hxid ruion 
awn rvn-w ,nwa mE^PT^ff?ipS np'JD ru'« niSSannn 
oipoa .O'o'jb o^nan ^a ^a nn*t mwi mR pj tya iSa 
tu* — ni mpsai ,D""iipDn nrwn "in« mva a'jia nr 
np^aa tmb o^ia' ninipan nnxpn pa .emnRn o-td'ht 
. D'pi o'Vian -s^r npic ^aai 






ttr ,ppipn ^p Q'D3E'a -lainnn op nrtt ypn»nwa 
1P333 IBM , copn cp bSiann^j Vnnm , iovp Vwa paa* 
jwviflnn i^yk n'rnno to , — oanpa ytrc Rin icki vnnn 
. nan nn-noa vnann ^3Pri but D«non niTD'Fi 



. 17* 11QJ! „ConimoD Semis Setenwv" (• 
. 174 1KJ - Ctr I s 



nyatfi 'a ,*xa .D-awn nrrax ~ai rw ipn i»« ,^P;i? 
.orrhv D'Kffu tibtxti oyn Va bv (i9| 20 ) DniHppTri ' 
.((caiiyo wyn bv erpnaion trwon nn ,nui<t nunca 
-dh's D'j'jyo mn n-oyn nn« ,rmn In? t von 'Sawn oyn 
iVuTinis ma '3 ,'^Dpg rravi d'jp com anttry ':eS .ntn 
T^ v'jy 13E" , D"THn y;:a D"i*o*n trc'rjsn 'JCOn Wl V 
ffwun . (» nrww o^yi rrmntf nnytp Sya *«rp pw 
^3K (trjwKin mjona *awv en □: vn nb rtotn o'nan 
c^impno ami lpma nenpicn pxrrnBipn T^ D'tMxn 
o'trmn ^rnj . Byoa mapy "?3 orr-m itkbti kSi cr^nr 
man iiRn , (t^beti rtDipn -bvz , mmxan pun-nsipn 'tV 
lpyatp ,nm nip'no nrnn .inn rrn ,,-imnpn O'ryni 
, rwraio , noy nnmxon nia^ooni n^inan fwena natotn 
tip una inva d'ttiikd D':aia D"na Txa-i ntn Difiin ■: 
^xki mifnw nnj^Bit? Sip D-ron o'B^pn ^>xx p x 1 ? B'Sei 
mia* -]ina ok *a ^pp-ivi Ytf^ipa^ 'apv D-nan troyn 
bn ix-isnnp , wayn . nnnx ira-i moipaa nrmaa iac»p cran 
, fliaaVi nnytpn ^pa trviDtn D-a^n : vn , r6x nrix p«i 
m'xtpn O'tom mxtann . moiuni D"3"in , o'Dpcn , D'xnnn 
•nneun rnaa ixo D'ayo niapy mrW 
in:n otbtoii D'opDn fniya toun Din 'a , pso ^a px 
■.tW? yjua pT nbia mm -pi^n . ixd nan m™3 aiipo 
. crrnnn ip3a:p o^ia-ian ny D":nm o'open mttnann ist *?y 
pwjnpx ,Dyn nit natti lTBPn o'DpD-i^uxn 'a ,niyspnn 
ipin Sax .miBDViri '-isid an bw rkspra ,on'nnn 
.rwinnBp»nn mipans ^ap^;siK aws bia 1 u'i* rraijian^n 
- , o';^n 'Jimpn oyn ns o'DpD-ffjj«n wu ik itdph i 1 ? 
,i3JDta *6j»n oyn nvi i« ^n^uio nrrae^ awns> ,n»no^ 



,H»lur» lp»«D3 The 



■71 -msy „Anlhropologin" ii»eiB mn C 
Forefathiirs of tlie Euglisr h People <* 
. 6 1 ■■! tlQp , 1870 Bis 17 . N S 



f 



J4& .mvsvsiDn ,- iio« 

nwaan ^a xwn onaa ,onn o'pimn a'a'3 *np '3 .q'tvo 
-ma6 r6a newit firm naa .n'rya 1 ' nvuon ni'Sbiannnr 
ni n» m ip'wn "itn« , D-3i» a'Trun tmxc bv Sru non'jo- 
.ntoy nt Detain -|B>an3 Gianni narfco 
,npsriDnnrK rr*msipn , "y b"B3em nmo' nAViam 
.campon oniaxn but oitrsn Njrorpaoa ,ovnj«n niopoa 
friWnamn . nt op m f npvr np nrw , o-mnna ntotn amain 
bv niVjunnn n^iyE nn ntn |ewa npmo nnEiran-'DrT ■*? 
(O^ipatp niaipan "?aa owpVi , a'an oYiaio .mtrujipn 
,*mtt yu rrt 1 o'jia* onmip ,nm nam -pt »6 d'kto 
nt( o'^apa ,nntt fcru "11336 nrnb nr op nt omffpnon 
CDaffntP , nr rw a: dk *a , rrpaoi nmaio rr6ina nunnnnn 
Wtam nx -vsenb itt-2 mp*m □*bpe i ? tx D'xtu cy'iaon 
.panacivui ,mapjn rw □ , *na otkpo on -nrra .D'psaiJ 
W>iaa an -iun , epi'?> yuan aac 1 ? nn^i 1 p D'tpj in a'E^e 
_, tV iedo nrraipn ninoa rrn an na ,o?Tp-npa ^rii 
runs? ,mipsn -juio nie^ wbw unjx ,rtum nianpnn 
^a irn nnjn, : a'nan Sy nonbab onxx 'as^ ^«-)E"-':aV 
, dvm =ian ^ai . um 13! aatro 1 ? E"k npir nam ^ai ^aa "at 
»rpi # :iiji now o»i ■ "aa 1 ? vnn nai aatyo lpT kS ntPR 
b , T3i artra ipT xb ton , omn to bin e>s: , , . mp^an 

. (» "r\bx oV?01 D'J» ffCJ 

ftttianna on'jun ,o"oapn nrrcn a-aana kiek |aai 
■pya ,nxo nsn maa cjij—aiia ajm ,o*oaipn nianynm 
nEiDa ram n'pxn nniovi ni^isnn . a^paen ninn ay 

. nraayn rrnann 'aico r 
kS naiTirt B'^avam a'a^p,n bv? irVnan nipaan '3 
a-ap nnrnn n^ wan an -a ,inj»aa thn op icVm- 
'rp ppEoa moa nsm na3 ntn -13m — smya an ^ya aw\ 
• nt jitj3 nipsa 1 ? oipa ^3 my pNtf ny jB^iip caan t» 

,»."S "ansa* 






.oii'vi .n .* m 

, mrtrrhs wnavn nrm K*arA von . tvamn mrwi 
*r *:y reta oAvvn tprrfam Drawn "3 ,Wjr3 nwatti 

crh'i nypa '3 .nittio («n-"rca3 "ips *?!£> vm-un 
O'Bsrn onix .Vrx itavi ci^; rwwip D'cyo nam nrfffi 
/jia-pn aicr! rj< nnnp DV*3aa '".nx ,na nr ibn ,a'pim 
O'jic c;ein '3tff ryiT i*n <Medie} 'ion ./vow*? ngtao 
: d*sw tryu 'J» otju Unix ono nrx , D'norrmisp i& 
-\?2 n*** c-^h vn itpx ,o';'i33 Stf phi n'yizn *?» ptl 
Hips dttjoi 33i» area non nx onipo 0T330n . (» f&H 
noijra avca nan nit "OpO fWi 'jioipn 3it?>n .D'Ssi ftUTO 
,T3T 016? l^VK VTSfl M 1 ?! ,miD 116 D'301D vjd WW ;cixri 

nt hmsj mepn-rrDxi ruvwlw mx-iK3 .ma va nv;p2z 

.O'JlB-l D'31 ayii 1XD D'Olpm 0"3DO TTfP 1^13JT1 HI Q? 
(.» pTOpn zw d» ^njnn ':e6 nrntp'MQ i3» 1 » O'Dirn j'3 
D*:y;3n , ]abn ynn too ^T»(jKJ ntpn '-p'r tmoxn ikvo: 
QpjnppS rtwn J'"wn t^d o"3i D'oam , 'Dnn srrnn n^ 
nrt nan pitta nvmw dv 3P" njopn .tdm ,nns fftun 
noipna jksii , wm 'onn , '6-t^pn anirn 'T^ m^ianno 
,D"ncn , prpn ovi'sen' erpinn D'D3»n T nnrmtn noipio 
i*iKQ onn moipts^ i«a ispx , (» □"ipm D'mon , trvfa 
vVian;i D'T^O o'CiE' wnn rvirnja . bjieo^\i yna n;p-i# 
jjpn^n iar voann rr^B ,, K3 iDipopitn 'am 1 a'jp^gnoy 
3'Dpen i^iann rrSjjxa . 0"-i3J3inni D'ppnoxn hy oTaem 
S6si . o'-^m o'Dpon dj? Miann traOTjarn ,b , B £ ?pn d? o"j^n> 
■mpk , DiKn-niSj^ji o'jwn D^'irann , nnnaoi jatto o"iwyn 
r flirijK nmaovi ^3^ imps? ,0'pimn O'jdthd u-^k ljf'jn 



, n Ten Tears Diggiog ID Egypt" (' 

.1*8-146 -nop ,op. elt, Petrie (■ 

*174 Tiny l „SaceB of the old Tcsiameiit", Sayee {» 

Olt , 1869 'B jT3 ,Juurnal of UcIlenU tilwAws, ^i.mta'j v> 






, D'jnoni "idiot mnnenn rmrw mm o^Woi cnn ninnem 
yiom iDion bv nsnwan rbivEb nmn pi *s ,yiT lanm 
viivi rwnmo^ fit 1 ?! ffipnn 1 ? rrta^an mnnennn nbw 

-mo nvmem : n 1 ?* jn mnnennn mmo kick pai 
-"n ninnem , D'Eesrcm mparrrm ninnenn , mm tta»n 
, TOiDm nWan 

nnoio ^p nyrv rnoa nsa .ttdvuip , jvauAn mann 
, n'DixSn nnnttn nrnob nrrmncnna nyjni n^iwen 
-moa o'enn d^iw ura' i»h (irjixfl own nam "?y nwiE 
nana nmaioi d-di'mim rUTnoi o-Da:a mippno hti . n"n 
S» nmn ninnennn Va« .m-noon noTKn~miay^ ni»^ it 
.mann-Tia dtbtii myifi nnnit rrnu nSiyen-na 
^y Emvn , nn'^-'ja omani o^iiteen crrnmni o'tPKin 
. nenneai nxa p'jnn 1 ? fai ^aa ow arm d-'mido ortt , dt 
,Twbn man bi pmn-naa yxsnb nm 1 ]n nxid an^ya 
,D*paa3n ntt j^ttSi ia iiaS bbv bhvb ,aa-n bv wan 
-nniw 'a , sisk o'ttn inn . no-inn rw on nay '3 
, mypnm jm* attn mat nnoio Vp nnoTon , D'aawn 
,ppi~n bv— rwwn miay maaS ,nipim D'oysS ox vm 
trim bv D"n in 1 ? nnma \n ■ wiimen ows n^p ia»'B 
unenn» ,QWipn omun o-oa^n "n vn nS« .mantel 
. csnm a'Tzbn , tnivi , tynayn 'Dai? , -w« 'oa» , onvo^ 
.■nan -ii ay nnnn y:ani rfawaa mum n^-mso 

, n'cnn na»ia oipa 1 ? mix ntriyi inn rut nttm' k\t 
n^jitf nntrruip irn ns»aano mbm jwirin m^inn 

. ini'a D^ijnana o'ooy nnio' nnnnm 

,D , oa»rrnranmnnEnn3 nSyien ,n"3»n n'wtuipn 

naip -upa mb nr amtrp o'-man a/map nx'aon hvi trn 

wt D'yu -t't dh3ji cm D'aia" ay na ny -u *rf> , rrawi 

/7ii>!>i3JTn tronz tfizb nsn-j na-oi -o» ,a'w ovw^pSfl 



neipn . njanpitcnb mtryj kti n:ioxni rnn maipo n* 
iisipni roiBttm rm ibjn neipn p oi np a*ninbn rywvri^ 
.msnwn mean *:» Bi»fi inrm |«p«in pbnn mnnenn 
r\rb "vnixrt bsvn yjn ninnsnnn be> mwn nrnan Sjr 
n\T ie-k , E'sna Tin »jTiB runan anpa . niBDVanni rnja 
hv 'a iitw nra .awico a-astrai a h pn hidh nnn kxdj 
pnoon np6nD3» nryvD»n nnoon niobnims nwn njmon 
cpnn ixir onn o^ara ; nnrn nnDon npbnaai nvtrn-in 
-v by mwowi moan obntpm npTfn opbna o-ostyoni 
nasr , n'tP'^n ruman by , runnxb . mpan rmnenri 
K*n .a'^abam D"S"nn o'-nn T:ya rriv poynnb nnpiwn 
, f6pvn pjjrb B'yaun , D'jripn ntt nan ni-rnoa in nnnco 
pa ,a"nn an no fnbwwi n« noiy ny» nnuts rrniyoi 
? »sjn 'nu (tin noi e>E:n trn 
naonab nipjun — nvacbtpn m-ioon mnnenn no 
neipna n'ttnwn naB-nan .D'jain nn 'fib run»D — naffsion 
mnnenn nsipna . mJibiKTi urn mm ru'ian nmvn 
■»n mnnenn neipna p-n mrsa'a n*n — o'taspom mpan 
. ;v>n3 n*m« km bawn "m nbaban 
mann . nobtfn nmBOTin-n'BiBib'fl narv kmh ten nut 
tti , h«ai na» km nr into , a'^non-n'-n n« nnnsa 
rmao K'n ; B"baban n"n 'juyb , D'astram o-pnn mnnenn 
mnnenn jn , naip n*n m nnm , nvnn miayn to nn 
mnDW nmnn nxna ten jnvtP'Kn'nvn-ioob , *3\"n cyan 
^« na thki np'D-SB^n bx nbnn ,n»bn nan r» nabini 
man nin sins' mbc tx «b byiea o*pno mn men , cynan 
•;£^ dj ex 'a , mann b» mjibia'cen nmnannn be/ 'paan 
*ro it nn 1 mnnenon 'Jnnaon niK^aa iy?\ ly? Sa byv 
x'.mn nnoon . avis anann pao» i=a , nnijn n« nt?s , it 
. n:ir«in nnnrnn 'D'a nr-Kh bra pirn nuni: n'onattm 
tUtsb rftia' coBcam n'pnn nn' by marrr ,, n ninxann 
J nmwb ■ TBO^n barm mpan nrb h\tc\ t\ Vt^ 



1 



j 



r 



te rw man 'a hv nta-ia km .rfctaffl DBtran "r£ ,-py 
n^K iron tok ly ,nin jawa rfjyiBi f nmnii by ,-vnina 
nnicn nnsnn^ -bar nama ntrx , noSci nprn n-nm i»a 
. D"rnann o"nn bte D'inm 
awn , mm rwion nrokmn na(6o no;? '-inn bm 
,D':a"n D'wyn ^k n'Jtr .-rnina rw rnni td mann 
-nan ■•pbn "we> rw iAaie^i nneb f cxnni , m 'ae 1 : maaW 
sjnan rrW r nrran rumen nmt6 dhi« wanbi »mans 
rw , nfrn n a , noa t^ ntrao hti . Drnon c"nn 'mo 
, BSffcn tyi pnn by onovon , o^nn-moi win ninnsnn 
. rfafan tjjp ^y rrnma rw ntaio kvi a"ntn 
Kiss raw nvtpmn nvrrorm nnecn ronnenn no 
nrozb jMua dj d'jokj rftm anain , jrmnrm maa "noib 
nunrmn firman .fltrni rrorcttn , nWBMWi inpaa^j 
reman n"£'en nina rtoffl rmr» nyi?a mana nr6u 
imnenn maoS nmit ten,-! 1 ? nVia 1 kyiip , nyiT niaaa arm 
■ O'Tin f?t? o":2*n DTjyjr 
, n»non rnnnermn ^y nvnna rw* nana marro ny»a 
HWi njwa ,nnnt*n ni'Tio'n ninoon tib^ aS n't? ^aa 
nfeon v/bvo (pta) rowmn moan mvt* noSntpa (6 my 
pyno , D'^nio-'n^a mana pioyn , , c , .:.'<n bxn . nrJp.n 
m:?«n ^e> nwwfl two nvnsai naisxn 'raya n*?nna 
rw dtki'i ypnpn ^>y o.'Snana a'cyrii? , nsipna , mwn 
D'pncai n'yiB>y»f) miMn ttojw rw cmpa dikh , rranon 
materia awn i|» obiyn martn m 1^ nxao lSam a-aica 
. yaana nVyrt C'naiyn onann ry ,maan miya ,nian 
wn Ten noana (dier) nraon tdti bwiD nutn nsipna 
— oj:ani ma — wSam nan ; ivvai ^lesa , niwaa "'p^^ 
, o-Myn D'Di'jy nin= nn^on , m*yvn nnan . cnpn-miaya 
niB'n-nn'Y-n byi o^aoisn D'yiE-yiPn 'jy pjnS navy by nnpi^ 
iiob'^ nosy ^y nnnpa .o^iaji cie" omoa omn •?«?»■ 



•* by ,man ba rt>YK .i3*pno nninnsnn n'ctna .n&wn 
pmee op D^-apei cwitnon , B"n-mo , »jtrn m:n 
-inm njArn man ta moi*o nmnmnn *po3 .nenbon 
pinsn pi iwxyi icyon ]\a . nannn nnoie by bna 

SU*n: — ( W 'IN vS« DIP Kb 1D3BD ItPN ,bl!3 mi NX03 

mna uen 1 wte , o'oatroi D'prn trenn mi nieiwnn ncipn 
^y moron mann mbiyeb ttawrmo by moron mam 
. nEnnn-'TiD 
IfflinDffi ^ (Onim nmaio n'nwtn n , iicD , nrrn , fliDi^s 
,o:ip niv n'by iipk t ba»n mo'wupn rwt ns-po Di«n «n 
Am "i3T nvnitt by i»» , 'oisn cenn nn mamnn nW 
*a ( i3ioM ,rrai coye i:isds utoi iaa nrn lain by 
mnnsnn ten mann "nc nusvn nicxinn 
njn n^ano'nn nnannnn 'ai ,'oian p'xn 
nrn ,npnb Ki9N »m .n'mcKB 1 iyo n'uipiei 
•"vv rai Tim btt> ri , 3 , Ep , 3iDfl ninnannn p o'pno or' 
, mann bv nibiysni n'3an 
bwn T'V pTM • nsaba n'bjn Tb oyja wok no 
r 1 'a ,i3*Kin rMJiBiTuwi nnannnn ry pisai vnann 
pnn 'riys ,nbaba,i Taya : marts nriio 1 nnco tuba 
rfcfcan wyb won moon . cnon o"nn 'rjpai csiponi 
D"nb npjwt moont? nya ,D'mpio mm o^en rwnaa 
. craam noa mmso inm nan D"jnen 
rSiP nti 1Mb nbyob dtw i:n:s» , mean 'flb ba« 
-mo n« nbnn n'nitKn mann nsma , rrxrb'a'xn ma-no 
fe -inx pn ,n*oflffDi n*pn nK — ni nns ^"non n"n 
kick u'i'Di , ntnnn by onoi'on , n'Trmo nK — nbx 
,mioon rwna noo 'isab ismon ,»m nb 
mioon by moian , mannt? nysra : nasnen pina nam 
nmnnanna ny'w ,0DtPDn ->j'ay^i nbaban viyb nipaun 
jut jDt i»oa niaono wn ,D"non o"nn mo rumcb 
*b*j .ab fftf 'Vao ,c":'ion n"n rwArwrh wrwaSsi 



1 






-S3I . IMJlVttllBJt »1*B* 



-J 



•wp.T hsh ,rhv;o nvatp bhoim ,riwunri nip^non pa 
-mpVio ntn JB1K3 m»jfi pi , rwwn Sk nn« np^noo "vdj^ 
onaynipo rta6a"n rnpyorrnenn mo . (caaten) nnr6 
vm by tpjie Tnvi bar jwnn . nyocani paSpn mofr 
■ijSir Banni r m^p "o:mn^ upairw , O'Stsaai anwpo 
ok ,marvi 3Tpa iSv noA njw aya a^it* .cm p 
pp dj K3 1 rtwonn nvw^mn nas^a nan nrw ep'n 
mViyan dk tn n^yia fusnnn ninnann .warn pa^«6 
cenn .nt -<xh wsyn -non *?ya i»» ,nvmini ratojft 
*wnn aipan n« iayy^ bou »mwn patem pinna , bibd 
nVm nytyo mwa tx o»onan , amvn ■:» pxirt .rrtra 
/maaii raa*i niSipa *?yia , ni'»en nvtna nniac ^t? naaiie 
tbhzm rrnnn nans'? 
-•new ,WMsn DniK3 KiflK npayna io:aa rreioi^B 
, niD^tsn nmaa npim irn ^att , a^> on^x iae- »6 o:ipi Sjph 
, wnii maa npina row n-sew-in rvfyxn 
D"Ton owina *if>n mann 'six , irm iaa ipsa , '3 
.-unoi nma Sa Sy nap n»jfi] marine , osrwa-vbyi 
onnx'nm o-aixSn nm^nn naipna .nnmnann nunoo 
^a ;k rchyis naipai Kayrrmo nncio ^y mann mam 
onnwo nnv a^ata . tdjbd Sy* nYiwaen ni'tnan miHnn 
Ttrmwrfo nmn , trsnn ^y onoron o-Yirrmo mana a^-iiu 
fiioyniff nyts>a Tan -niynon , rwnom rnpan nnSi ninan 
pi .TwrVaifn bv roiewnn ronon nxp ^k o^ipna 
by a'annn srnrrmD nnrnn mana mow isatp nntt 
npy: ik pi ,D ,_ ina a'aairai a'pn man nnm irenn nio» 
nai maa mann aipa nipyon-niPTi nnannip , lain ie-bk 
,n»inn nnoia by onovan f o«nn mo .vii' ik mna 
. 1 m b i n bk o , Bann n a a dpm 
^ijr nnovo nnan 'dibo »* '3 , a^nn^ kibk j«j k^ 
fHTia ^a by n^ia' mann iVna , n»nnn mo byi K3vn 'no 
B'Tiono inn by movo nrnb nmnnann i-tutidd n;nm 



n&morA DDipo m i:a rnyira ff'ifevi o^ieSem o'jry; 
D'cyono o'Kirrn n*Db<mb-\ nVwrn 1 , mjvoA f rpsm 
Wrwn oSj? '3 , raui nxi m«n , □ o y v 3 o'w 
G-ip,-;S d'odh law's? 133 , 'is 1 ? 133:1 fjvu in:n nvtpn' 
flnaijm iio' Sy , njnS ne^ an , ornina mo wmny ntt 
^m 1 ? rvnin ,^y.Ti , finnan nnio n« , niK's^ap o'Byor 
PTaon □"nn-wn ana aisra o^anon ,o'jn« nSpo' 
. rpriBHn mtnpnnn "|"i~t bv arnn 'PiMtn oSyn . o*jrm* 
rtiys nw nvas e;p '3 , «i3*» noa wt owipn 
F nonna 16 win • ( < ^a ^3trn niOTpnn Jina nmoovn 
ny3 loip.Ttp p n * b b a n nimpnnn jcno 1 ? , fer»rj ov 
bxrb nonai ,m«n M ns» onnvon omyn ^3 nn« nifirai 
rmnaa nVapo ncxjfa mann* ,nrn lainb ia^> n« ac «■? 
iwnnem niV-apon ,invi -mi* mSns nna^nm nmann 
. nsuwn nm "ui? dj? 
^p nrncE'noi fcpn fep ni'PBB'bno pwinrw , hd;bd 
, mo-ipnnn-n'Bioi^fla win no'itf unab jvoj rrtrjr ,oiip 
. (» propnrio. iH?3rm niVarenn ■no 11 ^7 maa riVvw 
nmsnn naoa mbu mann «n ninnsnn 'a .itoo xm- 
(O'jsw 'jpa -into ^aa ("merits n'jan '3 ,ntnai ,rraF» 
, mann to D'S'j-tn D"nn hi m orrb mrst* DitSkbt 
trftyn ,Vyin -e^ ('Na^rr pB^»n by^s idjbd njn -eh 
mo few , D'niKbn nvnrnn nsipna nnaasi mSru *p bs 
rr^apD nxSm nin jdtd . i-,i?e»n nnn D'toa: o"non a"nn 
nae? , rmn nyecn nnn cbw nn D^oisn nnoioi mat 
nvioxn ni^iysn dk s nnaaa inrn nvnViye nvzbi 
ranba naipa moio 133 ie>» nnn rnana wpnnb niB'D' 
*n ^a nR nnnacn nnn ■?« mann nojao w — nnabnr 
orison .D'^iajn .D^epaip cmpn Dn'onerw i^sm ti 



' 



, „Progn''i de I'saprit", Coodorcet (> 
. „Tbi Principle of Sooiologie™ {* 



opna Btrsion csm n« pwrin »a , inr iiy nonpnn kdi 
nn nys»n nnni 'mn aSiy3 ,nann»6. ,d ,, b"« d'Bei 
( n':nnn nnaan neipn 1 ? ni'tpiartn ncaaa. ,mran i 
jmvan it ™ VnanS ion n'ewin nmiyn» , nvn ny nap; 
oitt SaS »rnn won 'iun mn B-enn «a , 1330 nyrm noi 
.(i "yam ne»<n Nspmrtmpx ,di 
oy noKnoi naom nSjfi nnvn ^3 oy , nwn nD'cn 
^ ,nntt nVu nynao na e» r nitoxD3sp D'cycm nna 1 
vh ni*-iD rn . jvn-onn rwan "ia» *?k bhs as now kS k 
, , 3 , Bp , aiDn'ixni3 pin^H rut bji ^ipuitn rmn "lac ntt j 
r'»u«n na»non» ,ni Kin .T-iiBD'nn pn *a ,a»nBjip 
,(an'n , '?3nnin' , Btbipnnj^Dn'7»tn33n-nj^o , nwpTnoipi 
dikh bze rwi tiw ,mnl!»M<m namcnnn-n nanwnn nj-na 
be w nSyco '"y ttjA n^anon nuvmn ^a nit iS ik: 
. 13 Any ib»bi B^iyn rut i«"i3 -ick , D'3i b^ in tw ' 
bj V? iN3ci dikh nvi nwn rrwn nSysnn napwi-mipi 
no.Tn m»n» ,nyn Sa ,ron "nai ma nipai rnpa ! 
WM iSxn o'pn'if lain n'n ipani , n?n |si«a oSiyn ; 
man ik n'TDio ntnpm v-k iSvk n\-ine» w vuw y 
i nTiVn asoa ik nwvaj nrvuNii . nSan be *na«n pi: 
n»vn rrsen nwienm rmio • "D'lia^n-nynym nny: 
, yaan vnibv nc3 jk mpn na»non» , mwSiJ name 
nn ib 1K3 1 ? puna , nutSaai o-oJa poitrA Sin -ie-k , mi 
-Kin , onann "nino„ n"?aani nia»sn , d'cxj'tb mrya qSij 

DJCK Ki"' *L"i;sn "33»n .Dpi O'SlflSs 1 ?! D'STyb "OD." 

wotenna , a;n msna rmns SaK , ruiwtn T nnno hs>bi 
/rta»n nasnfl names nSyaS onoiyn , O'lan ib -raS mt 
. mnon in .T3i'nn rBTian K'n rfe-bvn njnon . n*»ui 



j,H*g«r» I'hiloaopliy o( the Stata *nd History" Morris, (» 

, 1S6 

, C53 Day ,1 113 ,Conra <ie piiiinsophie positive t 1 



rhstnm nrni yiypaa orrniViyfl rw a-avaxs on . jv-idis; 
1 'nnni nsnn sson rw T&nb -inn Tiv o'vcwe 



B3i o'jie-h o'Disaa ^anofrJ on O'trn narrpin 
won mpma , TjAmnon . rrtcVann te r 
S'so nnwoa nSnaa n:<« f r6nn nimom craiM 
: nn« rrW mraa np^ya nipDyno m it . nmocrvn 
BSBfiEU ru^apci tot .nip^no^ rnn^arn nwm rw 
i r\b»2 mp\bn »^» , Syisa mopnan mnnemn nuvro 
"i n'atfin ttniw ,io:edi OJip ,V n , " 1 ' ^ nn ? nv 
-.cm* , unjx unpi^n oy rratn mpi^nn nx mwrft 
.rApsft nnm 
mnn 'a , (• \bv rmiBDwrri'Bio^'iH i«o byn 
' aya aya . rr^Ko rrjrCTD (dx ns) ruiSnn kyi mrowi 
r» b " a j a 1 wiaxy nx Tan tw* ^ya wvjr by ta'an 1 ? oi«n 
a"n Kin dj Tin , nm ^run o^iyn nimo'D ins tya , inlaw 
, ia^a ^3»n rnonpnn rur« nun nionpnim dStki . h'Wiw 
-ini 1 Kin dj amna nntnatn nimyani wuKn B>enn Jin 
, oiKn 'rvN ranrrman roanpnn men nnvi nmocnn . nrmi 
rmnnn niB'Kffni rrjnnn mann vftw nyca rrWinn kti 
byi /roam wsian s*snn nn aiNn r»n rfcnro . srwn bv 
bun — , Tirol inn 'ron mi' mesaa w T3r6 ^a 1 p 
^a Tin nap vnton o'jiyn .rnrwri by n^on ik ,QtcP3 
,nonp inn nys nry' wn D^iyn .nmn rmaovin nsipnn 
yiT pbn .nnrai nn« nw rap 1 ? trenn my a»n: t6 i?yki 
/pen mv6 *? i a' bru pbn ,by\s2i nana ^sn mri laoo 
.no'pnn my nmayn ;i^a K*?n uoa bru pSn pn 



n 7orleeiiDgPu fiber die Philoaopie der Qeschicbte" (' 



snn'n una 
bn pi b« 

ito" (' 



i» ;n*it5i<i ion 'niD» 

vm ra nva ro tinfinnt? ,ijjoi ba o"aiya-i o'oyn 
ws3 dk yvyvb mxn b-a* «bv ijr , T,a ^a ammnaa o'iff 

— n;wmn runon ^iaj nx 112? , 'spn rw iV PiasS mpr 

— 'jstod *JHon paten nnxanni rrnan nnaVinn nm 

, o"nn te Q'in«n bt:^ jm:a Trwa b^hj nuanp iran 'Sa 

. mtDfi niateoai anvaa -oti rm *i 
n^ttn o'opn ^k n*n bj ruvn 16 ivxm nman 
•iib'Vi , "rrnrvi .nana in ruifiHa itrw ,rpp^n mnnsnn 
,n'"n won te n^aeri npunn .rrfawn nasnan ,rrxc 
■mean naia 1 ? npunn , rttwwn naorioni jyjpnaKn nasna 1 
ba — 18*8 n»a rwmaa mSia^n nyunm rrtj:io ^en; 
mm* mu ib>n , nK'iaan nipan te d'jw dt« vn rb 
.tssceni i*vi , tram rrna nvnann maa B-:ipn tb 
11 xbm nten nunan *n» 'a ,aie>r6 pa: (tS t^wi 
n-te'K , D'oy muK ipk ik ay nntt "na nna Sian ita 
rnarpn row pi rvnfin nnnun nsneh wjh jtod- 
nyunn oiia onran nn» nan nj? najra ,nnra i:^>k 

p roi"isa a'lnxn o'ayrw njwa ,rrtban rrsiTKn rrfna^n 
w ft g fognn ma maa k 1 ? no a: ^2K . man *:pn naira r 

. B"n nvr6 lWwn rrtiriti mau «y .nbyaS nxiaci 
nnnsnnn route ate* maw ie'n nrw — pi d'viok a'vnar 
ty any bj bb> moiy amy man *:ipn nW . rwnsji 

.pa 
a:a a"aiyca B'cyn 'a ,TJnb itraK ^Sa yna obw 
,pvy mma nvroiyi mtana ,niB"pn mates mwcuiai 

. b?yk moJJ naa a^manni B"non a*nn nmnon ne 

; .a'astpai a'pn mwa D»jnn ctpsion Pfinni ^ru "inrn npSr 
o*Kifln B'ajrn isa nitr , ^ , 3 , scn^ a^s 1 ? nspiPJ ticm , rua[ 
inna k^ a; am , Wa ayaa nnp neSn , nyrtA-o'OHQl 

. ,Vj-in ason rwt ^33 ,0'n«l? amain n« B'D^;an a*a-;n ■ 
n^iysn-ns . bi^etj asa Kin ,mb m amon-a n'KYOi en iai 
(ifiipna 1BJ3J rbttn wn-jn . onn« D'ray ^ K^ia 'B-flr 



.m-nao rreuiptt miay bjn 0'ae;?ai a-pn nun: 
, diVci rnrio rvnnx bv nyrr nirrt mam nyJDW 
, o'enn a^ioai cm cnyid am "?£> mnan ar6 a'cpai 
n6 orp orvSy iofvw , D^ajan o-pnn rw ik d'otto : 
rem n» rcnS a-pinnai f oinwm nnrutn nroarm nsipn: 
Sp o"Rn-rto *?y laiyn ,mn rnpan nn .'ts'Kni 'tern 
D'pnn ninnsnn "3 , rry-i— idj 1 ? ci«n n« traa ,mann 
nt ianS "iaa r mar6 tsmn mo*n 'mm kvi a'afltsam 
w now: rcfaaan .rnjrapm nnrwn ay niaipnnm pern 
trai D'csffoi D-pn nanaa rotnon n»*m mnnwin rmprfi 
TEooa ni:isp nrman mux nmrnn omnK amun , d'jieu 
. D'an o'mp op'jn 1 ? nba np'jnna n'marn man . ^ru 
nmaats 'moiVflni vnpan wi nnoru ran* na^aaa 
nriB 1 ? naa ,m rn nS naintt nina bax (K'^bb pnita rrown 
, men naSao . D'oea'am B , p nn nN rramn rnoa Wats'?! 
cpn nx-naa o 1 *?™ a"tsyo rrunra nnmn ,mo -an 1 : 
.^yian mparrrm nx ude 1 '? nyr nS trn ik , B'Bea-a 
rnnnc.-nm »snn nam by nanpa innsra 'anon pa^an 'tb 
rat nnj x 1 ? «an 0:1 raw* cj , jaai , o"nn bis .-vj-rsri 
.n'B'Stpn nrniA iy*an 1&1 n'vnS'a-xn ■?» nx;n n'swn nrron 
■tepS'3'X ,^aai d'-hth ,vn wh jy nixies'? r?in \ 
lacaja^pa naxjD pain coajn .ovv nnoio *?y nrscvo 
ttk ,jnw ffe'pan ananan o-ayn 'J'y nx Tan jrriw 

rJlS'TTVl p-by «11D ejl a maw 

trnb aya aya nffanj -ib« , a'laian o-ayn bax 
T Syi rva*jan cninnEnn t *:y .Tyi'ya'yn S» a'ipinarr 
larnn , o-ai avr -paa wan pal crrra rrms jnerxEm 
mnai: an . naa^ onnx awana n^'ian nn-isnnn yn by 
&:& n'xa -js-aa nVian ib-n ,a»'n n^rS-a'sn nois by 
'mm ^pi ,npH£Ni ,tdx *?t? B"yaan a'ayn pai an*ra 
/win naeo , nnafjaa nx Tie* nxtn n'xc^a'yn Se* ■>anjnsi 
,m\T mrapa uo b» pMtrtuirn ."vdmj 



•art 

wi 
ava 



»as .n'jiSi'iion "iio' 

ngrtun , n 1 ' m rn nnan \n r&ttn nnann . rrrnann m 
. flVtl^'S*! Dl 
yrs nmn mnncnnnvta-nD V nnoiyn rtram fa 
^pi D'aionpn D'aoin bw nvanan nnann ^3 nic snui 
nnannn nnp^j oaipa ie>n ,o ,! ;njn D-ayn Sa rw ;im 
iew , ninspon w D'oaBri rrnannn Dpa nx o'rnti 
■'E'JK 13 lspontpntp .'yaun mtpyi camn oTniy-iK rrh\ 
jiia-mnS ieia ,rmiDsi nbvu miay »y oraio^ mar 
wthn mxso m'rasn , nnann n« jnSna maa □'o'jaii 
nijE- nfiipna chyo : hrafj — , be: d'ji^o ms?y • 
— nainn ; .an .f> , ae i 7 2000 — 'raa ; "man rrh 'as 1 ? 2,732—8,8 
-nirwi n^jatt , rvbaw , nsix , rraoij dj p ; ,an .b ^nb t 
. uaor ^>t? rvu 



^p ninp'y nia-no t?W nnaiy nvancn nnann 
^331 d'-iyo nia^on St? mp'ny nnvn nwB^awi . nimpn 
ny tiTJa "^ V na'jDD ,naitM*Ti nmon ntt oa nay « 
nvp ny ays nyan k 1 ? Kan na l ?o':i t rram naiinn mi 
.win pHnnKn nmon by o-noiy iaaoi "jsp D'oyn t nwbv 
co-loo d'eisb nm b» nn-aps p-K nfatn mnnflnnn man 
( oxrrni3t by moron mam dido ppo , man "n ^ 
jia^a pia ^nan ur* na-noi nana p Inarm nw 5a 
, rvairnn n'aa 1 ?! nvD'asn maiar6 yaia k- 
ntpai-y:on iko nei rawmn ninnennn name ^y 
nnann pal mnon mam p ,«»* "W dk ,niVT ^ 
kti .nmnsnnn nanos noy niwm n^ niaioon ,nnnn 
o«yaan a*oyn laa posn •'ja toji rrea ^y pr6 nma 1 
nrw iaa ik , may bsa rmw cE'pon , nyntab-o'DaiaD; 
owxio awn '»j« .noy mnnen ,mnK nnnisn fffi 
/ oiVipm nunon nnrwn nnvann ^y ^a onip orrnv 
V n'ltPSK Tioa DwxiD an nro mnian naon rw a 



-.-;■ "; 

0"3*3"i ,^a« '-npe a* -xum 

•]mn 171 prim 
oan wr rrcmffl 
urpm cncaa T7 . ~~ '^"« -r«a .*»,—.■- 



5 



TTT'l 3KflfTR31 ^7 C"""^l C*T0t CC2P TT3CT52 

xirrn ..-maci mna -myn j - nis n *Jap ,T r ,i 6 
■yr-crrc"."n •»e,-- .— — .— ixr- . — i— ,— sr-rr—n — 1& 
4 *vn ivb tv72 jcn ^ru vrn m jpfx rs ,o*mn 
Ottp "JP mean .tn pa's t n c r ft a n wai m 

• T So^ -=7; m , mq - fn b s 1 r ■> 
im 1*73.1 ptftw nra an ra U'njr.riim» 
•BUJ fmn 7J •flTOURgn nmBETO ttoj Trim 
, (DWpg) rjTp-'crr -rpa -rifsri crn w cVn 
— nwn rrrpao npoea r;:-* -xa — n - num 
/litnpmn D^minn cm.- ion *r^ cnn^n ok mrae 







ffan mapwo n'oaerrnnana 'a , itri enpv noa 
ninaim u» .'cmn jowi .mrann rearn^ rvmann 
■nnan bv mnnsnnn nmo nx "ua nay ie-k ,nnann 
iwnann nxnnn .tqjwd ,-isn? ,-6mot ,ni win (O'oarj 



ann 

ann 

OKI 



uwy nins onb b"JB eyn <»jkd thhi tih "73 .thv , pi: 
nn« jD'DgQfi .(ton'six n« p'son 1 ? naa , ainn dbti 
nv^TWfln bv wwmn naipna 1DJ3J , rp^jwa aSmr 
D*ynn -,, n ^e> cnpyn rmiovr innenj na *rn ,mnutorr 
,ikd ly rri333i n^ru xvman hd-p 1 ? o^Stucbt 



"hikti njffien nnn in t]ni»a in» a*iK nys»n nnn 
nnoio Sy ciDTon ,DHnn cast? cfDvsh onanno naa; 
mpnna~\-i l w ninna D'aenvii ,-imt yu -npaa .ann-mai 
D'D^Hrnnuii^ nvrn , yaan-'twmxa man no 1 
moron D'oaisn-nnuKD myiap nnn mptn mi' ,nm i 
Mtfrniai iid' Sy ruyiwn n-aapn-muK .nun-mat 
nrnSi rvwv6 nfuwo urn ,0? ik din^ dm nx- 
, oneon , o'nJton . htiiddi n^ru natoa? w 
D'^cm D'ionn , o-pj^sn , crrppn , o-xai-n , own , onay; 
niyvaxa inncnJ "i»x ,DHnra a'aa^n a'tama d-qik^ it? 
-jnxi inx "ra ,nv»aii6 niatam nimia rtrehm rtay 
nnaSnnn *rn *?y D'Jiwnn my* nx ne-y rAwi o'ay; 
npsea moa cam rn rrtua -ipx ,,-ixra fwa n*an^ 
rvwvA *?av» naa , mas? ^a Sy a'ii? rn yam ■ mi 
fftru rum nnmw iswn , a-onaixa nana oy raspl 
loxy nx ons^ n^y asm ayn ^arc naa , na 1 ? m 
iinn) rAttn nintci '3f 'a , rrjnS ib-sk—k . nnai lai 
tjooi B1PS inx 'jimp iru nrx "kvkxd tixi inx f 
nv^ianna *tnia rrftu mxn ewrf ^ rvou6n nnnw 
Tna nr ay ni iembj "iwk , d'jhpi o'3T d"oix^ , 
. niaiani nia-man fiwmn bt> ytncrrrab nnn , onvnya 
, .Tai(6n nnnt6 xisx imp *yaan"i»ym n'sijix'jmniT 
.nrnix^n nnann nnrnn 'in nx'3n nMiann? 



•una , o'Sapo turn stud bw -nayS trMn on^iag 
njinn main noe-eno on'Sy .voa«s pSn ,0'injn i 
*pyonyet?n .oacn no*i« Sy v*ny nn myiV oa»n JTU 
vSh ne-po one iron ttik SatP no -p ^y nptnna Snf 
vmtt W*i miDKa minnay' ik'« , o'an ms 'Jinn wont*: 
V kwd 1 ; "njun toa 1 nyp Saai ny Saa . otcip' -itrx *>a ■; 
npSno aipa — , ontren nx V? TiaoS tPJiaan trwit nSp: 
vn ffnaWwi o'aatwi ick , "pirmairo o-'y;n avein: 
. fuiiihuirB : o»a arm o':a3 
ianu» ,0'Pwd maino nttfn np^non nnvi nSnna 
mmn ,niE03a nainn mm .omnrai orrKon Si? D'Apn Tina 
BOOT nca axo mm n:-"yB> .o'carnp rnaiann rmnboli 
isdk n'lftian , onnttn D'oatwi p nmrei d*d!w ffnaV 
ffinj oatwi noiK Sy ono nn nSxn oTWKn rw dtp 1 ?* 
iD'ac isfwi ,03100 Sai pn *?a ira' 16 t»« .d^hji D'an 
rniya .laS 1 -i»k Sa bx orrrruo nn« naSb yj-n yn Saa 
o-cSnn D'aatpn *!>iaas punfA onxian iSa' hSri bhtui 
vukp ^mnmn o'taatsn . Dipai d:ny ns ana SiuSi -.,— a 
mpa rw nSapa as ■n'ja D'pnnfj iSa' t6 , DB>m m ncnSoa 
*B» lya Da Bontpn*? D'nwon anwian nxo mrru azttt mi 
fti7tnrn6 o'lan 1 ? o'Ttryn antoan iSnn nin jewai ,yiv 
. o'yiap nwirwi d'do 
erreft ncy: -icynp ny»a na 'a ,d'xti um» pai 
, lnywn nnn , rfrnno nytp nmwa , mann "na laaii br\i 
, psa 'Sa , ray o-w&wn D'Dyn Sa . oat?n ■'wtt nipSnnrr 
4» Rinnan pna mmnon ,nDii ru^iwsn nma hk 
'ji'N Tii»n 'mann nan una nnitt muno n ; p ■ n i k n 
n'PKi nnn Sy ul? i£aa Dia'VO .oiTtnn nsipna own 
^ru rrn„ on'nunoa 'a ,na«a o'iDijn Svk nmwnn 
jiwa ,npaa latPKi nnjo D'J'.moSi wtrh wxfa amon 

.81 '7 , "The Social sad Military Position etc" Hopkim 



tan twenv ,nunon *t by .inn inr pin «h orH 
"\ip pr ~a*o3 aanno ton ,ww onaij-n vow 1 ? nana * 
dtk Hwh mm pin nvnS nntPSNn nn i 1 ? ram opn \ 
c"!Bp_n "?xk u'0'3 nun - ? d ,( ju' limn run 3*on nt< .cna' 
miK ciaip napn svtton be wiV-ua .rramn np'ifiic 
on n * n w vra , imi«„ . 11**31 npaa otb "jap 1 ? njo ■; 
D'Jia: , b*tp* d'ipw , oatm ni*p bao nm iSD«n:» , o'cw 
war ic-k iy , i*p jot t,b*03 nay 1 ? Vjk o»«an , niVT-n 
on-? nup 1 ? leans' naa ,npsDo nioaa |kxi npa mp nn 1 
.(t'o'inn dp' o^an is pcj-^a , a-w 
o'satwrmana tyVmren wwn nmnenn nimn -iks? 
— ibd imo nai nrmaa mapntra sun-mat rv by wjftf 
•J'irp'jaB pnn job's jnrn , pixon D^mpn-o'Bsmar 

"jinnan pnn„ nSiya msipno n'jiaip mvn neipna 
rrn ivubti oSwi , nai moa nnisra jpmon pote FWi " 
dm »a , mypip k - ? vn roaa . (1 0-033 "rpa , ■» oiip , 
avian '3 ,ib*o mn pnn , a , pbo insa . -jkyi ipa ,napi 
■mvn , pom ty mvn , wy wn »wi„ rnv6 71* B3K 
. (« Tin Tnt 
din ■?» n»j; 'a , Tie"?"? kibx t»b« nSun o'pnn -pro 
rrov. aipa nvnS n*iin , T&yn vttn ■ \wbvn nn b *cai 
-■jya in iku dim "anon wa mpa ,imya b'-jipSi mac' 
ipa '"npa -mynvB , die's "nea k'sn wk ntn E"nn„ ,D*n 
nyion-nom 'p-ma maie 1 ? itpenpn naoo— arm a'y ,pn 
. "B3e*n "jjk "aa 1 ? namcon , n'-nax," 



.Compendium of Ksffer Laws and Customs, Dngmore (' 
.1 

.143 110V ,|Esr)y History of Institutions, Maine" <• 
' r.S4 , H> (■ 
136 , Of <• 



17 " 



.OJl'T) ,fl . 



oiKntr nye>a □: ^nrmann mSjrani "naan-nuno 
'33 ik innsuro '33 13 nna* i»» ,nrna *t Sy [nw '■apr; 
niao una ,Ton oyoa nntrpns ,nra?a ioy d'WTI VTip 
np*6na Sapo vbycoa n'Sxcn rnson . 1 » y n op , nnSin ir 
mi;: , bra invn pSnn hk lVn nws roaDna W» n 
«sr:K fiH lovjr Sk iffpo Kin ,nm jot« twanan ,c'D:;n 
•?aa nwi hk ikSd-i ,i:iok3 mix nay -ir« , rA*n dhiim 
. -mewi 
—Sai .-ra-^aa pi mnno -Kpyns- D*en Sa "israa 
by trjywj naipn topi p no"wn-nwtani irriwu ,naK^ 
erSia' ,c"i2db an □« dj ,37uon *oaa j'k— aKn-mat tc 
eaffntp D'O'a ,nt navsh .mana bns jiaSip upoS nrnS 
moa srnajn poSss is -warm iaae» , |xvi ipa '-nya TBjmo 
(fflawirmtajf ir, yi aKprniai by moron nnpn 'T^y nai 
D':Spn rK*ia ik onoiyn .cwjun .'-aib D'nam arcs raw 
hwijb bv o*ia:i d 1 :*: ,roanp o'cysS ,o:n ^oatwi i« 
Dirpnyats , nhun uvsun . oatrn iPKia o'jb 1 ? noye> , d'j^* 
■una Snpn Syo D'Sia: , Ba»n bv a¥>vmn avnasn m Sm 
ninjsiMi , n'Sy »ja naSso , inra maiao mnvo njSao 
■my n« nam'a Sapo jvuon • mana mSyon-'piSn on*?u 
-naySi JinS w a-sowno aatsn wjKtp ,oys^aa .ran 
juxn "rao , Tamo nn:o -una , ono Saps Kin , nvn miay 
jir dj o'dSitd Dm nmnm o"o:p ono cnn Kin ,-ipani 
yrwmn vunn nnn ,oysaaysa 0*22*12 mu .rupoaniw 
ran ]Kyi ipa my o» d^uji vSk o-aioon o'oaiffn mireta 
in' pa . bra invn pSnn nn Sapo Kin nnpiSna tot* , cami 
myiS nn:n iS o^nu ,1032* tmkjind bzpa nin» ,mrann 
noiKn *pSn Sy , am "pSn caSinn , train my rut 
Bawn -"(pik 'rya .aaipn '»:« SaS nsniPDn .n'liavn 
,'yaon avono •'•aib ny wv kS ipk ^'D'onni o'Vrn 
p3 3in Gianni ,iko iy o'msyi o'3i rnaon 'Da: o'kij 
nwiy , oi'S ore nainoi ^ l 7lnn , on on'oaj moai voaj nioa 



S!7 ♦ ti'jiSi'men '116* 

d"ije» onnntt mi nnepon "n mea nVttn o^uitrn 
Vrt anin ppn "jy nyatsD mawi-miay . ppn -pro o^apo 
■nipan en'att rw moon '6 ^y anaiy jSpn nan . inra -ma 
o-piB 1 ? nrr D'ccunni nap by anew on'oyo on ; {wmm 
"•an* nyeen nnn .ran napn "jy nua-ip anpm a'prp 
nrat Kjrop .nyop niDuno mawrmiajn a^annn nanpn 
nnnra ninc^a jina inn inv D*oa»m o'j'jpn vPrtJD 
nnoio by nnavan ,mnann . in 1 ? nno nm'a \ra nnaiyi 
^a /ran mroND .mattn-miay nana mp'inoni awreiS 
nn 'a , niaion vnibua ntt bhv bnj bik nnK mom pn 
i»k o-ipyon by inoa ,nbaipan nep»nn 'flb ,nnpsa awn 
. pn nB»y» 
. D M mann nmasi nnabnnb an'yia nb«n orwn ba 
ibpn pa ]&-n biann n« o'baaa maxn 'B by naipn-'otp 
new aipa baa icy natpb byan 'inn nabn ntwn »3 ,TYOflj 
«rt" on irw iflaa cratprn onajn ba o-aycb . a» a»r mn 
mat . inn neaa D , atrv> nntt ftp tV ba— isnbi , nn» pp 
juabm rnptnnnb nVyio , pb ana n»ira maipn , n:n:nn 
mttpa nuKrrmiay td' by nmioan mm ,bbaa 'main 
.avian m qji a"nn nn Ba dk 'a , a %, nn a-srawn ns "pt <tb 
nn 1 ? nno D'bnanon , B'anaam nnoan itrpa , nbtt ay nb*t 
. yxana nposn 'ba Ton B'O'pnoni 






naa D'inu rwx ~wn .axn-mar by novan earn 
b'nno , pb axa n»i-ra B'abpni ninaa-an nanan nn niaob 
-*nrr npp , o^bban vn moa o'aiiffi o*a"i D"iatp 'jap? *pvt 
a"B"Kn D'airn n»p» mya ,-mn -inr D'sBiina nneE-on 
cub' 'sbx 't ^y avb attb nmna 'iwn ; cpin viv o'pya 
nnn ok vna ona piannS n^ia 1 pyn p« ispk , o^pi o^n 
nmi nyiT ny iiaya qSiki , "jna ncoaa nj ay rv nn- DD-iavn 
'^•y 'i:& a'j'jaa ■am: oapn "n mo 'a ,T3'i otme anm 



bv pTKn -wn op pi nnaa iw« ,Ton »k nn<n naien 

fc .nniwon 

^» TiSti byi nnetson ma by nys»o niaKrrmiay 
ifrnnD ,jkxi ipa 'Tiya jvwynon ,mneen ,030m j^pn 
in'a ra?n rnanni .piami p:pn -py rw mvi inv vam 
, arwiw* nv nneiran 'sa votr ips , lAvun naiDKn ay 
nan vrnn •nnfiE'Dn «n ba by invert pnin nn nyaoD 
,ib libr ispn ,nab naab moab ib r« owsmti nnaa 
cvp m n» ,u j? "ptpanbi nnetpon biff mn nw nam n« 
nic nayb ^»i iaba pn pi .thk o*y una nnetpon 
mtm ( E"«n -px p by .vaK iap by nwnpn rmayn 
re iba' nff* 'inn ,nwn obiya di'jet b» o"n nun 1 ? 
hy vin« rrp i»» ,D*-iai o'ja o'pnb ,nm been cbiya 
nnatpoa laa «b rrn nys-s tpn ,nflKJon ntwtn .nei«n 
jrnnn vya nny nn*n , awn-mar nnoio by moron 
ro ,nbyab "jk «b ,pion nboa ,ny»iai main n»ab 
cneni o"nn nnstpan nan bab ,nnsz>Bn bab oj oh 
fffib rby hoh ,mpyn rwwi htWw mann mo babi 
ffiajn'Mai by iovb rprw ,'JiDipn nua npbna nno» 
, nyn p nn-ntffpi nbbaw ntffxb nrvn , pnna oiiannan 
nnae'on m-p m nposan ,naob n»yj o'jan nyn ick 
bison us 1 : Kin a: rrn vniyia-'pann pn , rvmn nnaym 
^sb nbru n::o nepw ijod 'a ,nnsa-an -rn by epj-pxbi 
. nruuron biff o'anitffon eftupn 
-inn ,w y D'jarn icana ltPipruic ,nbnn msptmn 
•man nnabnnb iaui a«n pobtff n« ptnb , piaa , la-oin 
r i ' n n b atci mai mbu po , nai mv nina nna»on 
mm Kintr nyiffa lnwn nx uaa vmb , inb< nn n ' a n S 1 
i 1 ? m^v nrtt niwmn ox , vipm by na-in nc* i 1 ? nnpbi ma 
vja? o'ffj una 1 : main ns bap atci ( a , vb»o pia . n*a 
, , b i s n icyai myi ^b 






,DVTDn nwOK ninn rw nnets-on i3jm -wx , 

, rwio-ipn fnn np'yD ■ 
ppjifl'i nra nixiM ira'3 iiy na'pna niann-nTuy 
*B2» Syk qj an neoaa itkb>: rrniapy . man ninsspa ^n 
nsipna na lpvnn dp 'ay "?a .any naia3 on-run w"tp 
fe an dj nay wttn a'ayn . a'aaten nnan nrmr 
'Bin ^y nwN-o lyeinc ny»3 ,;rni3w ntt nnctrai nrw 
,nmn rrrnn miayn rnasn: kS a'»tann ^»tk .*rcrnn c 
. naiTD ma3 rp-man mn d^k navsnm nntt bk ■ 
Tiaa vnz D'noi mesa ru nay n"Tnn a'ayn 
mo nnn dj n^no ran 'a , iraxn on . (» -dvbi aitp» 
]'« ic« ,#i»n .cpcoai nuiioa ,yiap oipaa "pre *pjr 
kixd -6a Twn 'amaa Tan yu^i tiA nmaia , nap r ' 
■wk nnn D-ntn n« fioowi nriy km nur naoai , nun r 
f nnijoi art? no 1 ? K'xcn:> naa , iS ijbt-i nana 1 ? nrfft rfor 
,nap 'jy n-aio D-ayoa n'r6i j* -|ioA ,niaaa r.:p^ »n- 
abn — , rvjvn renins mow — , nap ley ^y rami *»§ 
*a , niairwn amain imii jeri" , onna roym b*h 
^an napn .(a "nan 3 1 ? nn nstr 1 ? n , bi3» unst n:n n»yo; 
na»' i3B» , ron naipa , an 'a ^>y , (txaa n*n nnscan f 
omaa wash train navtff naa , nne^ "pao , nnetrc; 
1WDK3 . f* n^sna orvhtt NnpSi orrniaM mtysj m ontttai 
.nsmpn p«n mya lny ipk , nnstwan bv naian iayn'3, 
cys3 aysa msa avian maun mu-s: 'a , iratin nnssyan ': 
nniy mbyrhi o'aoi -pa: 1 ? trima m ni oyoai , rran ^^n l 
?y mpvn »«n . cnapn-^y wg ^vn na-yaa ,naian by c 



.',1 ■ac ,,The Ancient City", Fnirtil do CoiilangeB << 

. 182 nmy .Jpliigeuis", Euripidet (• 

,168-iea .Helena", Euripidea (» 



D"33r6i fines iS nupS So* Span tan ,n»Kft ^np to 
. lnncroi imy nrana , Mnb nm« wnpn "T , nniK 
.Syan pete nnn o'kyd: moo onSiin onVni nmn n»Kn 
\ me ri mo nnn nSijr niSynS o*jrm nmn nrsn nxi 
i (i mnn dvtsz ai nSya vm bn nfyb hpdj bsinv naa 
.crvr-'Kin vt'i rvnnam mn:n c: n'-iny ,njnni6 
TK »6 nyivi n« trprnon , nym nnsco ruiru onaip 

— ,V?» ranpD 03 ,D'3T 0*0' 1t?D3 ,D« '3 , HE'Kn *3TTpO 

. nnEtroa ann \\abv nnyannS nana maa onny on oi 






n£nys 1*1*0 -jipb-j vc n-PKia Vnnn ann-pB--» 
IBBS-ron , D'RDvni nvnn . mn nmnann by nnaaJi niSra 
— Dvian niiPBii yaoa D'Syien nnan , ni'jMBTAa nuisna 
ttk , cv-ijui c imp o ,1 j ,i ?«'; Tjawi o*itci -rya vn oSa 
n-wn o'Wwno D'Titt ,nbin nm*i njnana DnS mnnsn 
nan ini* moa nrbtm naio din 1 ? o'lcao , runn 'ea , vn 
-Wk runa^ oyo oyo iSynj nSun D^^nm .onnitnn 
i/etm o:n o*-a -"a , Ton u-ot(n jSpn nan . (» o a p n 
iron* ni* niio*? nVnno mannir nypa . D"nmDn unburn 
o**u» mana on'jia , onaon ixo nvinn mW:nPn n«i 
( nna»on man mna noiyn ,-iajn .mn yiipoa b^vu 
. jioStpm masn Sod lira rnann Sana bra naa nny dpidd 
»pji hSo aSa niasna awn 1 ? o'B'BiDn ',nnst?on "P-i* 
nrw Syi yaoa o^jrisn D-:ipn mnan nn« Sy nyjani nne 
rmflpon-10'o PBi jim "iirra onaaoi DTiyo , cnon ni»fij 
tAiya a-pSy ns'M nun tPcjn 'a ,poKn-j a'S-nna on ,non 
wA . nin oSiya □ , :b < 7 on'^y ra'jn ipxa , D'Sbvrni ninnn 
-mujT n'pyj ntn jawa .D^bsnoi o^nnpo on n«in 



. 236 , 335 , t 
1 S89 HDD .Hlstoiy of the Naw Woria" r» ; -. 






yebtr hyib jnu pjpn . mcai *paa nttw iS vnn nap' twk 
oaona mnra ntn ytobvn 'a , ne'enno "ytp newn Sy ^ra 
D-3P1D ,e"nS new tnaion .o-anpn .npKn ■?» canpn 
ytrycS nSia* nrn nnaDJ» ntrxni <iert n:oo onT fin 
.nnnsroi nn*a Sk awn o'D-n a-ipa 'a ,nipna n»s: n» 
maoS nSpj Sy nnsu'D ba nxTno, np'iexa D'lrw moipaa 
Tnan r» Trigs mya oSipS avw ib-k , w«ni napna nw 
nnaron • imp -piy? qa'n idjt nnix nnpS Sia 1 , »mn 
id* onS'n niti ntfttn n« Y3yr6 mva na'nno maicn 
kSd* «S ok . Syan men ~\vf> nnwn -pno runo tiM 
r« ( ntwn tjtd n» jnapn ipioa d^w t6i viam rm Syan 
j-iki mm n« mma rh ywv , uod vwh nns»on nSia' 
, Tim tdm vwi naaoi-npon 'a , own una* ntn . onSvi 
.{idhW y:ua awn mat ns rayvz vSy» 
. rm nxo Sru pitn annis-on D'wia Sapo awn \ivhv 
nnovan ,nnann anpa rveaian miawi naxj ,^'j-in ^S 
. D'ennn nanpn 'on 1 ninnsnn th *?y jta»S , Bun-mat by 
ottn St? deibh *tV ,K'nn n:iat*n 'jipib 'eS ,cn o'xVn 
awn b» aaiani own Se> Baian b-kxd: manp o'DysSi 
nya arfrn ns DuanS ,n«t nyi .mS m flaw ni«B» wj 
, attn St? |San man iv6 : ninen viw jrh nn« nycai 
,D«n Sip ;Spn man -pnSi ,vrann axon nsptpn mipjo 
msfsn crnn ntn lain — , ruiam Sip nspipnn-mipjo 
.nS me-aio 'yaan onxn nyi j'tw .nana moa jvSav 
nmn nx ruyaana , ntn Siiraon Sy majno n-jioipn mann 
D'nVn . Syan bw cmoni ]bpn r\wi T-rb rriapn in neiann 
meipo nV nvwosn neprnn-nnip: Sao on ik onSwn 
D'hiditi nK'j'ija o-acvn , d , 1 1 n » n >aa» bm , atn 
^p nanpn 'on 1 ? cxn S» naipn wo nayon nsipna nny 
floioni ppfl pjp^ .ti^i n;iPKin jwai nrx D'aifn: , awn 

■3!0 iwy . Tho Patiiarebal Tbeorj", He. Lsdiiid (t 



MKfl dm mien -pnb d < 3 3 t,x ttb bysn vw , vm 
v *>a n»oa inwi nma am* p'ino oj ox 'a ,onVm 
nnero -jinb mma anbe" in oe'sib oniK airy* dk , vn 
own oipoa o'enn D'orr nxarvi* , nam ntpaK-'K ih okh 
ib KBt j«n*n p by .own-mat by onovon (Own 
tnw ("in' -ibtm ,ns'Bnn nabo ,«nn oyo nr'K axm byan 
bia* ran cyan . onbvi nm nip«n m i"n 'o* baa iioipb 
*ti mnnenn be mbfip vim nu-nono nn« by yainb 
nbnjn nbyinn nx -pyi jbpfrwsi TO ok ,mann 
I (roawn nnannn naipns , stix . anbri bnu ib njiayn 
/unins B'3iD -invi o'trin oma rronn 'irx ma' n? 
D'wjn bayo nnb nwvn nbyinn -pi* nx ito nyi monben 
onbun onb'ni nwwnn omn nrnn , nanxn nx nruiyn 
byan *anp» ny , mem bxx "ppn-aTi laa 1 a"a ppb pa 
rwi ntpxn ns vc ba -naipb imx imanbi pbxb cbia* 
,v:e bya oanjb ran wni we: 03 nbna dj dk ,OHVn 
n-sna ibi'tf nrw pi ran oyen bys' bi*u im*n naa b3K 
, naxboi miay nnaab o'sopn o'lb'n ninaa »ai»nb "pun 
nnasj naxbani rniayn yxpoa arnibiyo 'a owin , wain 
D'wna , D'YDNno , nrn yurpoa o'tfjn mbiyso in 1 n3in 
B*iepn o-inyn nx omen -pro Twnb ,-pb trwaion 
*ny ibmb bia 1 ntn yiyn ,bnj invn -leooa nnb ffmnn 
,ini*a ats o'tsp Tvn 'Hint? ,rneipM — ,T¥n noipna 
-'bya dn ib mxn y<i3<» 'ins pi ibu Kin b\nn <sb b3H 
DWim Q'naiPD ni:i?a oixb K'aon , monan biu . o"nn 
rwjp imyb bjiccn ,ia:sji 3icn poyb ntpyj ,-|iy 'ob 
tencwi on«n sbs miiyno nun nysu-nn nnn .nnnnni 
ba jw »mnb naa , a-ym amy i^skh baa niannb nann 
, '» mnb 'Bis pap nna nbn 
o'^ajn -rya nbyi -pbn anb-m cwn -jiy ibnis moa 
jflDnbono maabn ntt nni'i ini' na-^a ncinn nuayi 
if^n fl"y i'«w:n — nfi-ann-^wa oipa m inpb 11 moa 



I 



naipn 'orr vn na» , .TJionp invn nrwpnnn mwo , -no , i 
-njupKina . ."una o^ai tip mn mot ? « tvm , nun nvo d'jqj 
jrunn ^ Twa itiih no^noi P'k n 1 ? mma n»i«n nn*n 
nirw mv6 n 1 ? nnvw , nynwnn nmaio nmtn nppan n'wru 
mooj o'lfiTn man .ruin -sh rrvya n« m»j;bi novyV 
tpwi nu ncjao n»Kn nrrn ruiwnrta ; rab (run *rf 
-nnK na^m kyi iTjm ; map nnnciPD imS , n^rot -|in^ 
triVn rn njnema ; iny aipai mn lbntu nair^ »'nn 
o«n ^k Q'Dn'rai oqh '3np nnjpn nnn D'annoi o^una 
a»tn nnattfoa nvnS onjwj on jvjm ; mn-naip orra 
, (i *ann ^k onn-na-p an'a D'arrnoi 
b» nmrv km u on , nawi »anp tyo aim nMann 
,mn« nan ir» «? dk *3 ,nintfi na'an t ^y t6 ^ymn 
■w .rbyob niMion rvnVmn n« m? tea i>Sir6 r6w 
OKn-ma? 'Dn'o nsyon neipn nnn ^y nana , b#ut$ Kawi 
: nfctn unarm n« ania , npntwa oninn Sttt axn-niai 'orr!? 
conn onnun cpoyni Txn pop 'a .nirpa man nnaiy 
Ton D'sw D'ia;ni? , nu jaiio D'ai o\6p 'tvk d-hido A 
nnstfoa yxhm iaiy nrn 3x03 . onn^i dt/iiip: nrVa *jili 
d*x5tid unw nrn layon n« . awii byzn tV man 'a by 
ibki nun-mar nnoiD ty toiwi ,'^s^ia oati'n W» 
B'on Biy'D naDo ; nine«n -ivd 13 d'joj naipn 'orp 
p'jnnn 1 ? mn aae-n 'Ap rjTnaio , on^onn a-rniatPiD niopoa 
laiDD 3t pmo o'pnno nioipaa -iiEnn 1 ?! oyea nysa 
-a^DD nsxvn nxxinn .noisn ra oc iiayS aTnwiit 
■^y d'hsid OH^n ii:m nnflcon runn "a ,«m nrn D'j'jyn 
, "ot*n 'anp miPT -[itid yn 1 jdi 
o'cyon iKtf D3 pi , novyb tt'nra ns'ann o^wi 
d:'« , DoxyS antpa ntpsn ■anp pai jim ju o'Tieon 
mn 'upn n^art .naipn 'Dn' nu nuw^ up op'aoo 



.76 ,71 'oy ,KiD9hip acd Marriage in Earlj Arabli" (' 



i rwanrrwiiM pi aKn-niat p n:n urn orvn . wit 
jnen . mSb naa vSy dhiq o'lDiDn ba new ,'tri nan 
irou nixxon ,nnnK nnan pio iica uS -inn (ni!r» 
, 3*n nut mo bx oxn-nia? -m?n naynn meipns uwntn 
■*d2e-d DnnH o'B3» Sxk . Dnwrrnfl'an n» nyoB>;i nrm 
,Vnn 'dS ,0'nn -pVin ,D'n33n D"Wi Sy tratpvn (O^Sgn 
pap 1 ? 0'3t?nj dh'jtii nnnae'D i/irai rovaa naff 1 ? n*itn 'ttik 
, d'»j V3» oy d'kiipj nnaa xiaS ^ ewi . nvxn nnero 
, E" Sax , ooy nvnS rranp Sxx mmpj jno nnx Sa -i»k 
. xn wnspDi W3 "finS nniK «'3'i new b»x iS span* i»« 
Sy , ioe> by nnnpji 3sn p;p^ onSvr caipru run mpoa 

DH IX , CKH-niSI 'TID J3 O: D1TO 10*3 'Xn Syi Ifp 'Mil 
1 1 ? RplS IP'KHIP , DJ'B S»33 3KTrni3i mob OOipO PX D'JCO 

TOW D'iWfi nwtn onayntpo nSxn tmpoa '3 , no'Bna nvii 
, (» 3nnS -iioj 

pX3 DJ D'3£:S O'KHWn 'DIT 1MYD3 HlS ."1011 3YD3 

rkin 13T0H 'MP Sit* a-xisrin to? nraonpn nnwn .any 
jfi^oi nnBpnn nnri runrwn mum , mot'a (3 ; boeu* (« : vn 
■[lnsi ruraa ioy rwrh rb ainxn tfxn oy nipxn m»pnw 
ntsna p nnxiPi , pmb n 1 ? nsin rpfw join S3 t,ipd3 nnnstra 
h«tn nn»y n^K Sa ,iaipaa inn nb nnpSi rwvao inn* 
£31 rranp w rrnaa Win 1 jb bst San Tnon ib-k 'Sao 
pipe nx ax 1 ? bs6 139 nbttn D-xicn nnw v» .naaff 
,-rn , rrby mpn own Ty' 1^x3 , n3ip , ba'ai — n»"m miy 1 ? 
-ns'Bn jhm imo innsru ba'ai 'Kiipj . ntffun Sy b*jw c 
nir« , B'p? ]iDB-)an tow— nun ninaini nrxn v\ ,gw; 
*3 — , D'-aiyn by nnaiscn "n nx ny-6 cioiS unjn v 
-WB? ']s by na'ann—xiE 1 : n« o^aao vn o^ionpn D^any? 
'np'y b~nn Snsa ntn D'wiffjn died 'a , own »rux . D'xw;r 



. 361 'p , 18 TO , Journal or tho Antliropol. Inatilul, Tylor (' 
.U8 ,lia ,351 y»s .KiedeH 1 



IT 
■Ol 



iMr 



mixa D'asrcm a'pnn mnncnn , oacn nina nm fipmtti 
Kin .nbwn WTW nibiyan nya nyw mra rasp B'inje 
b» nibiycn 'bisa rut airing "wbk '3 ,iiy rwni pan 
,o , WPmtva rut iTtrfra— ,r&*n ascani pnn unria 
ns'iDi nwunn bab yjus earn 3*931 jbpn aipa o'Jinjn 
ji»HTi p*osn .nt ay m D'aae-n nunc by OJ — , 
nrw nyt?3 ns>yin ,nbttn o'jruon rfotyn 'bai n« avnnS 
Kin— msnai H3Y3 D'enn a'vm ppnnb — tik p*oj i 
»3M)rt mymn ,nibiyen nronm -pi by jwmn tsrtrx 
, wfrjjfim , D'Beiffnni o*pnn w:yS niyjun , mbiycn , nonba* 
rrbiiDnb ntfiun , nibiyan oy , o'D'jen B"nn nriDb niyain 
*rjy byi nnnban 'rip by n n x p»bis> niarsnn . jvjirnn 
D'lmo mwo o'BBifDni trpnn ninnenn ,D"mmn o"r 
o'pnn ibyB' Dniip , D*bujn roamnni a ' 3 ' n 
— ,rrmann nioxyn-mam vram b3»n t by .D'Bspom 
.'nDKn 'nan pobiwi nbnnn »mr 



/rrronn rnnnsnnn nuTiBD nrnai nmc bs by 
, onw *?w , DHrrnm by Donovan , a'on'na -nayb mann nbia 1 
bxi« my D'oysb kyd: ntn nayon . aia-ma? by oncrar 
■uwin nrw pi byien *7« hxv Kin a-ayzb) a-ir.irrwibp; 
.{tfinx nrunb ,OK?rni3( rrnoia by o'idtdh ( o*eDtK 
. D'Cjn-nfl'Dn jn:n mn iwn inn by |wmn nyxn 
FWi n»jta , ntpitn nnatpo "pra fi byant? cjatn ba n^aa 
biff ]bpn ppb , jaiaa , B'-iVn a'awm , been* <kwm nann 
*"fr WP *3 , a": a'na anann yaa . rare by o"»npji nun 
anne? , ptn ba -|PD3 attn \bp j'jpb n*3»rfl n b l a n n niwei 
.ids' by nnnpa w *ai ,bm ay nrra iby« anwrA ntVI 
beya anennbi otPBib oaxya jimb hmivi ibu 1 ispk ly 



.122 t:;j , Oil- (t 



. J J • 1 ' J Jl .0 



njnT mos 133 innsn*# , avnann ennm piarn 
^a»S a'ffp:i nrrr moa nnpaTinsna ,n-i3n:i'D' n'twro 
O'Apni o-aaVn 'on* . n'man n i o * p-m a n 1 'man 
.n'punn natrnoni ni^anonn \ , iyb o'ppj 
,ipnn ,mpon ,H p pn yt cnroi mam mo rn nnp iy 
I*pnr6 rmtPBN sr 'a , la 1 ? *■« a-inn de» nnyn ■ nam *»*inn 
-m-.-ai tr^sa* naan «p — nenn mis manrrria a-no 
*a by 1320 a'Tiittan a'astm*? ,kisk np&'a na .anai 
nit o"» iTa'p , mann "B by nip a'Twna , ]i»f?m BW?n 
mainb owm , d-kki f-a oh*;u np«* nnito , nnxn annas 
iwrom man ninnennS an , o"mann nrno*n bw rnnwcn 
,*mra nniaa nrnaa 
ciannD , o'ttik a'cat? nve o*;a"j nepr:n ,naon n3oa 
nnn nVni muK anxi'i ni np ni D'opfl^ nVtn a'aatrn 
,nsiJn manSa rrhsrb w 'nan lopannprnn n'San") ruiqan 
caapn ^a isxia Totpn , ipin . a ' o 3 ip rrn iuk- vem 
, tpwm o'aiB'rr'J'ruoa , ann cy , rnnna , fftwi anrwan 
nS mnia a'apab . B'sbpn mvob bj win "jk o"D;aj d'dpsVi 
B*'B»tn avrma ik "in« tpm rroo nanpa caaE-n-rnux 

. BTTW 
-miJK -pnai f D-oatrn-nnuH twna latpn , ipin -pna 
n^nnai *j'ian paten njitpma ninna najrpa a'aacn 
. renew n*no mao nmnsnn 
: ffjiaa trn , a'aasn-mus ejMvn ff^« "wx , moan 'a 
D'-no no 1 ; , h'jpd'j -nana , nam miwn nssiB n*rtn 
.n'inan m^BJmm nann rrfjan^ o«isni a'aia ini 1 ,B'Enn 
-pp-na-n maa: kti , rni:»n nsNit? rrW , n'j»n rnaan. 
tifeatffw ,niar6an 'a ,,-mn aixn .ruiswina nins Kb 
, ninan rat a^n nrnttoi nnao , ni op nt o'on'jj o*a-iipan 
'jd3 lopo p'inn'; i^artp naa ,T;«n a'datrn*? can-fin 
Bhninva a'aipian 0*3013 '3 ,y\v mi .o'smffsn an'3'W 
nina rw mpin n'n^ipaa nttf^nnip , nsaS n'BiEi 7\vp:7\ 



I 



n'ji'siBn ■ 



D'aara . earn ra i jn n n* — itta "pyn-nan nunn 
•urtt aae'n nyi .'win jtuq laipo mn nym -mia D'in« 
pdid irs Kin . nSon *?» ^nn pioa , d ■> b v i o !;» nj;i 
D'rjyn . DTitn-nmatt in ]Spn S» D'O'^an cn^ira anynn^ 
. nerfcorrnwani natf 'jk Bairn , Dn i an rru nnn D'wajn 
n^n **?n vmSiye nx ";j?ia Kin nSxn o'rjyS yjiri "?oa 
moon nnnsno oatpn te nyin a-pa . 'pki b^» -una 
. ronton wxth nyjin 
ma nibn i^ 1 iff 11 , nKn-mai mime ^>y novan , Batsn 
^yo i- ia:6 rmaj n 1 ? dj dk , nan moa nnnifio n^x'iriD 
rurnea Win roan mayie-a naxa ,i!hp n'btcnan naannn 
(cono) o'^ini □•nan- , CK-i .ir^mnon naannS nan -inrn 
nte>« ihv . n n b v a a nni-an anayo naa aaa-a D^&in 
,-inN jfewa in m jBina , inN bx tin nniB'p BaBfaitf nnipon 
niNinon mtwrrra , milling . n n b e> a n-n a i p 'itepa 
nnN 1 ? n'^atn itpona nvr6 aai?n m nrMBi roxia n'rya^ 
■■yxcK una rwaana urn .ay n— bru inr 'man nay 'p'jna 
. rvhrvian naainn bv nnnutan nw&mi 



D'pSnna ( mn' maa caVwiKa cannon ,o»Batpn 
d'djd: n^nn onpna , anns a^op B'Batr^ tin ^a artsyeh 
. D'cnnn a'aatpno twi in« b& onan una nnwn j'jpn 'nan 
jiaip iis-pa m ay nt o-nippn ,mpon aat?n bv D'^pn 
r nwi D'aatrn .(lo'tawi "?a Moa kibk a-ajai ,nns»on 
nistfa B"anen , a'^pn ntppa ^©n ay -rnttn nntpipon 
fl-nmipni ,D ,, nD , i o»np'y o^nan bs prra pwp ,man 
CJotn Tirana a-asn: — , «pi»o «vio -i"j? nixo ojnaia 
/iinnenn^ nnin ,owrnwt rmoio by novo nnN aix 1 ?^ 
, 'mann baspn ^b? mniKon 

i*Vp , j^p iioj» / op (* 



rn np'ro B3P3 .annuo mpd? Driven vtwn nn oar 
-nnx rabb cams ( mion kip n:oo» ,DTwrrrnutt ' 
xivtuk tkb» nanw mya , vSy pip 1 ?) nan n» TeorA p» 
flywn nnn . n'lVna ' 3 1 v < n n -non by OTrjtsro rn o'n 
, nnrow nra-an nnuwn o'aatpn -pro nyij otimh nm 
,nn vsja ,am 'e Sy ,nipio 



,lfe!j3n nrvab mm i-ip^ya irun rvanp ny»a 
— D^nwrrmuKi o'BBE'ani o<pnn nrsach tvvm - 
ni-^BM 1 ? mux np-ya Kin aacn nan — , nm m-ieo^ rn 
^non'ren wiyb twun .aaffn S» D'Tin-mo .norfa 
cm nitpjjnnn St? nrmnpn mrano n-itt" 7112 V?e>Sni 
JBJn 3nr r|ng3i a^rrpow mnnunn rrSarfc mo a'lm am 
inyn Sy niry 1 ? Bairn 'ip'ko irk -niyir □« .TfWl 
kiyo 1 ? Via' mn , ^an "'rib yi\a naa: na-ya hpk uin I 
^oaw "?vk„ .D'3i onwM 3^3 ma'n: nye> S331 ny ! 
jiaa^a nooi:no miaj mi -ie>n ,ww its Sa Via 1 on 
laiin 1 "ie*n ,initt D'33iDn i^pn "E':kd can r^tt p'yn 
mm ,inran fjinoa umn ntt yso win .non^oS lay ; 
yvab iT3 n^y dk . "nnntarrbinoa, — oyn mtA - 
oiannna ,iay oriMDn ntt iy\r i»« .tran d'WK r-riK 
mas , *jhj ptena yrrj ooy n»i6 1.100 mn in , i^ino Sm 
fcy nanSoa in^M . (1 Trap mpnrfj niaa'in •bsfHf 
urn |Spn niKsv '3 , mpna wai ns y»yis>S jpruon E"ttn 
nan^on »»« .on'mon^a S33 rnmVi pieA orr^y lmit 
n y n 3 1 p m a rn ay rn kibk onanne »a»n anpa iiph 
, non^on maof? ruiao man man jbpi j^p "?a anpa onwi 
.D'nNrrnTijK 3ipa w ,irmn marvj nann 
jtmk bikd anvn virv D'-anno w&pa niKax vottn 



.ivv »'*? 1WJI 






US .nuni'ntn 'lib 1 

1ft teano m\ no'sn . n^w anbpb Spina awna o'nttn 
rw D'-invan B»Apn n^ n-oio B'nxrrmijs . oya apo 
rm d'jbS tie's ,0'BEipani D-pnn 'rjyo StJ wn p^nn 
1*11 'r:y n« navy Sxs msa-ai , ana poyno mpon f?pn 
. inra onaam a-BSE-an 'j'jy jihi mm Vnpn 
nixvv , rvnrw OTiK-nttuito laino o'aaE-n "ins nvna 
B3B»n ^e- trVjan cyitppE-a Dysa cyea rftm nnuurr 
nx he's pwoa rwjfc nianynai =13 niypini nmyn -tu hipk 
-nmjK we lama rwi ng'j'a tmm cat? . nniyi 
yiffynpnS itf aaa>n 'iwt* «]onnna , ayei ops bs2 , o'nn 
prwon nw by mapo muw Sa nrrn (Cnron pntpoa 
dtb3 , D'Tnan pntrraa nn*a u*oynw , cnMt* nipy ly n^ipo 
wfcn trip n , a- , Sa awaa mux Sa ^v:s vn prwon Vnnn 
nay 'je-d anis ottjoi imp* B-Jfin -iiwi Q-ctPani pe-a 
npeiriE' .nnnva anaiis* mow mn mai nra pn&'an m» 
. paiy-Dipo d'h^bd vn nbwn o'YDnn . must bs tvo 
pntpon Sk uran a'tmrn ,E>sjn nmiynna ipns* crpwbfl 
canoE- ma , vsi ivpa wnmnn? lam rfcnj nu^ynna 
. (i norths nisyinS 
, novya miam aipa mum 'tr'so in« nrna 
nop] ns nip: 1 ? hyp aaaS rtv-un "?» j^pn ^w a-sasno 
o'ffpaoi naax 1 ? on aa d'edsho nvrvi bv \bpr\ 'jm« . am 
tamn «ntn axi . on^y mann naa'sn dk on^yo toA nxy 

BTMrfilTIJKO BX '3 , D*J1» EW^pB IN vh BJH mnsn BttHni 

"CM^pn ^a ns ni>Dt6 nip' rmin bw \bpm , ovinia maw 
icnrfl man rovu ntn mpoa .naia nrt' fyin^ n'nsn 
. (i laSa D"nKn"nn«i6 pi asE'a 
maE-a ns iirva monsri ,mu« mna ,trnwrmUM 
ni^' ie>k (fii'i^na ffsna oipo n^m: ,n'mn 



, 294 TOy , Leaguo of tlin Iroqunia, Morgun 
.96 ,85 1WJJ .Andont Society, Morgan t* 



1 BDE'O 

moan. 



o'yiun mijbi mown n« *ibis» ]bpne> no isho 
p^no ; nnfltron fin 'jk Dnaani onm r6api pKirin yip 
^p n'JffDi npBD , airman dtuh pa nsnitPDn nirwn n 
pa jr-onS oysa opsa Ka Kin ny — , nnoon by) man 
. ni oy nt i-iyrran pnoi an nro on^ tP 1 wr ,"b<imk 
^iaa Tina rnaian nopan n» iion iid'ks idik mn 
nxivi ^a rin manp coysS nso "my Kin "jsk ,jSpn 
oi nopin mini* d'3t onpoa ,'naai ii bhm opanrfc 
noaDni twin a'lmo own Tiff by ,D"niff ca^p 'emr *?p 
. omxn ks>d rmtft 
napopn i»k , nvais cntrm-nat* ci'jpn anpa p« or 
•ynyb up idtp *?p fSpn npiS w ,mni ":npn-"n yiya 
. enpn miay Tip dri oraDifln D'pitpyim rw tid^i 
,nenn rnaaa ma j'jpn anpa mxu nn pitta 
D'BBtPDn nana moon rn — ,nraan -ike>d rmsini nVttOTI 
c-ipib mini nstn noon nan ni* naSi isa 1 ? main ,0'pnni 
. rnnvi onrai unapt uan una -inia ^npn "wr , pupsg 
rfrru np"?no^ ntpyn ran tripin-Tyi nnano o'on "]W)na 
o-pnn yiyb pnin ^aa aim 'pir n« nSmon ,mnro 

, OTJfiHMfl 



, B" oRn-niat nnoin ^y novon Bae>n mnnenna 
,mon p *w poi^aiKa tpibprt iriK naino cops'? ib-r 
D'p'jnn D'asni yiT pi niaya , vphnb pbnno Kin nt 'aeoi 
o-iDiyi cmbv wibpb , mennn nn 1 ^ nmn , rbtm D-'iapn 

OHIKnOl DVIK-O'a'jp 08*3 DOXpf) IN owiip on . noxy mBH3 

]"?pn Qipo nR ik ns'rao nmn rrnann «dtir to rnia«S 
crayn mom nK *iide6 novy "jy nnpV?i nipani jWRin 
nina D-Bnnn ErApn ^yr iinpi *it»t ,mpen \bpn bv 
iflpn "jds cp™ o'an d'idi iB-Da .o^BniBOi o"^a oyip 
-miJK 'B'Ksy no nno^ .jvan-'S-iiM T3i3 jB-'n iio'Kn 



*18 ''.n<Ji^i'fioa» , iiB' 

0*xen on'nnn in'j'i n'wn rrxann ns an^ inp 1 3'3D0 *w» 
naw pop rtri* nwyh nan* marvw npa *J2« . (i onm* 

D'TX DH^M nnVl» KM IK , n^atP Dp VjTl TOD KXV1 

D»T3tn bv jnorKtPDn , D'Ycnn ntt any ix»< new , o'lnva 
two roanon , 'nts jnarKPO nbn np'pa u'K D'miwi ay 
-yjon . ope D'jniii nann D'npi 1 ? nptnn mann <ti . -noon 
vxn nptnn mann ti bv onsptrn mip:o Kin ntn kb>di 
n»^nn mann n't ^w nspcnn mipJD ,bti wm inoa 
. do vsrm tibd vxn — Kirr 
, pso 'Sa , iD-pnn TiDon bs> fh«n rmimpn ninivn 
nwni» o"«3 irui mi bi anpa iipk , o'ifeno ow ^xtt 
D'poip umt •?» o'aipsn o'trun . D'caff'j nwft m By nt 
nxu nasty nn« dj '3 , kyt nto . ntn ;siK3 tiod3 on o> 
v*x pjpi tibd mrp^ inKn Bati-n St? O'Apn lte 1 D'taatprr 
nos aip3 O'Apn p inoon jira rrn , ncKai . inpn op- 
rrn ispk "Hntt , (* o^p^cKn omnn 'bse-d d-bse 1 nosi 
mn fjnnno nmaio rn'jin nina lysn ,ter6 inoon 
o'eraci pai onnron ovun pa 'inooa wraryjati D*fl<Snn 
, D'Br&n tea apoa , nn«n ppn anpa iipk , Dnnron 
wi nm 'BiBn inoon wr innsnj , D«n-niar ^p onovDrt 
te nK innitfn nnn d'wb jten ,ikd nniaj m-ncb 
•o s i p 3 b i 1 3 1 o Kin nm lain . WWi -moon 'pop 
nann ; naooi npo wijn o<an o'jot lE-aa pop icxpa pprr 
fttea d'kvdj jbpn nroen nnn 'a tj*ina p dj mn ntn 

, Bin 1 ? D*ItCI 'DP' "33 



„Ati Historical Relation of the Island , Tinmen t (' 
Jour ]] al .Lender BJ1 [ 183 lisp , Knot ;440'3p , 3"n Ceylon" 
of an Expedition to explore the course and ter- 
Village com- 031 ; 181 may 'J pSn mination oftho Nigor" 
.193-191 liay ,mnn., Mains 
Sixth Annual Beport of the Bureau of Ethuolocie, Onnge (* 

.379 -rav , 1885— 1881 Traditions, Doruy 



ir!»3i nnepo .DTa'tyan .';p*Dpon ovr-ppS 'dtid no^ 
^ana ik*j=j , njm'FP pwo nnia dkvid tph , arm* wy.v 
tpk ,ronp bo mo^po d"ie7 d'jitw ^"Vrw nots 
inn .'B'd-d'o nppaa iskm ,eptpn owpmn 'oira wnn 
w \\yy» rain biro dkyid ib>k (■ a-iiyrr-rxo o-itry 
mma manp a-oysh iwoia d-ktcqj , n'aipD-rrnm 'pmao 
# ritfrao pwtai n'a-^a .n'M^J nm najra ,pimn 
rsinna niai n'oys wyoi , p^jrrojKn na'aoa wpa itrx 

.mion 
it naoci ,nor6on 'dtp "|ino •\bvbr\m inoon *on' 
mn bx onitt tdo^ |*ina^ Wfiprn mipjo 'yaon m«n arm 
->;a n;a iuw i^Stp ■*»« ,ntam bbon 'T Sv .Vipn nmsffr 
nwimai D'a-'^aa ,pin-^aa npso oyaa cnaipn Dittn 
iru ^a Tan ,emsm niTrrnS imp» ,o'pirnn D'ca 
fuiB*n xi^yinn rati annua o'-irun miay niwin nt« irui 
nrpuxn myx *itwt , pa»«-in lym .o'e^nn -pna ujtd^ 
f p*npn :n;cn sin ,01^3 o's^nn ninnenn fn b$ rvnrrpn 
nan "hyzb tje-ki ."una icon 1 ? : norfjon 'on' Tina Grower 
miana oraipa mm aunjan -inxsin ran naon ,ntaffl 
ins vSp ^sj "itwt , Bairn i*t irun ,(»o"yaBn D'Darn 
,nnaoa run pxan p»n 'as n« 133^ H-i^a , pin p» nr» 
-wh , BDtya c'oaan nnw n» aian iaina 1^ napa Kim 
,T3i bber -una rranSaa 1^ onitt rsnpb nrn prnn p»n 
rfrpa !?p ntt'yj nvioicn ca^nn ^k nunon niwna tayorr 
trnrra my nehv\ na'K nas?vi rrmrn ^?3s ,n3n nrwioai 
/ispi-ina iaa» 'ins oa o'an o'aai -paa na'pna mm- 
anm o'Tsm D'Da; d'tin 1 ? ni:pnf? man ipn nixna , n:aina 
,irn^i D'ssnn m nwt6 onnvo D't?:K nnfjit? frn , nS»o 
ffasn '3 ,naio mpna ,vm cidd oipoa b-am by qhik 




• 



nwyb ik vrfo ik ,m»n byo pin jik nixpb nyn i 

new *i3ttn ntfn nivn , mwai n'33 mn» maa rot^o in 
nnie rwi loyya naKni can q'sib coyoo nraoi nteam 
.nVm moaa nawo p naioon Tya rmp\ nm*6 it m 
-my^ wia* «a , O'pimm D'anpn nawb "ia«n K-ip m 'thr 
^jy nnotra a 1 ? aian nntiyi o'wa vn cjasni , irniaya yb 
tvnsnn ,aita inm iv ^y lmiay m rwovb rran ^ya t- 
, nsmwon-miapn nnw Sao nuimp inwi nrntn kti 
niyvDwa .tod diwi yT ib>k ( inr w nina nnaam 
tnionpn np'iDN ^atpv wy nanwDn-miayn !>e> n«tn mwi 
,□'31 roitt mna nam te>k ,na«^D Saai miay ^aa 
tnh njnn "?« o^an n« nn'jiB' nrm nanetan . nn« nywz 
mptnn mean kV rwnp p 'inn . o^n jn^ inan b* ik T9 
ik tpnn^ ht "jy nrmyn 'a ,i!?pn aipa -ie-k ,niNnam 
^c ranwan noiKn np^n ^yo pin n*t nixp 1 ? ik yniS 
, na p'jn inpS -wk , own bs vn rnoyn noana . j'jpn 
nnaiy a-uan ivw jswai . (i nnBD^i nnyoS nrr msosro 
nsaa amiay dk dh aa a-naan itt>y ran lawa , ntywi n« 
nKi ma'aan nK anaan laa n -i i a t n myyotta , -tps\ 
yab rrbm coski nvnp wan iyon ,n&ruf) niTon 
3'ao nma wyi ,^npn 'ra ntt ua , dw o^ru dvu 
; nn 1 a'tpam □ , B*:Kn D'anncD vn cnan paaa . o'lsan 
onpjS D'TKiffDi inra maan nation n« a'eny wi o'laani 
iipk , nipyo ban miay 'w . rfjpn na^on ^3 n« nvjfy 
nm»n nnn wyaj , n-aitff D'.-iao d^e-jk niBnne'n w 

-inaan vaj> nK oj inn^B'n nnn D'jan ppn 
o'ict TE'ca inoca ipoy n*:iEYn npnowa D'-nnn . D'cniffaT 
nsiip bv niE'Vp n; , p;ipp , i noi«a ikydj uaota . cpan 
wain myin ^a 'bS iitn ,rt«n nts^pno D"ipy owam 



t Wjaudotte Oouirernem, Powell (' 



.ffrna 'jp'opon nM-ptPv "ijn ]i£Y3 n-ssi'jip inn 
jiW?3 1313 niooni nnswan 'on< n3^ ninon -1x3 
-I'n-'nVjD -ma moon dj mrran nnu«3 mxaro rvan 
D'cysS rpoiy nn-n n"?«n nrnjunD nn«i nn« hi ■ rvattSoni 
^p 3H3 -te/tt , nnx ifiio . mnva n3ffno-n3i6::3 itt nsuSas 
naa'ro nam ub wvan * j a 1 j , d3E' !?u m3rn-"n nun 
, o"in "^ riTra dip lpop rrnspon S3 . iy:shw yiyb yiua 
nation msynon tS wan D'apasi ni:iitP33 cVnnn *?3i 
hwja pcip rrn inxn ;v3n, . D-3*nff D-cyoS nun nnxn 

D"73 (TPya — "Wll n^n ,rofl' (Drelfuss, vpraoKnin) H131Vn 

jvik new , D"n _,l ?j73 'aw n'pys — 'tp^ien rran , u>iap 
-me^p nana nwpS nVatwi n»K Sp na'am "533 nooisni 
jroncaa , nSipsn-nsai «|«n-nwnaa n^iann , "niB' na:ip 
Sy BTnij?s»n n« dt^d os?B3i o'Tn-rmmna , crbw 
.nOKton msynon 



no 

UO 

■3,-. 
3m 

« 

HK 

i3(t 
IK.1 



,C3»n 3ip3 nvrran m-rowi *?y rv^ofi nrutwin 
. {ninBBwnrruK] crApS n^t? , CMtrrniar rrnoio Sir loron 
nn 'b 1 ? ehsbi -hod mn .main S'aai nra? jnu jSpn 
nSapi pKWjn nai3 D'^tan cpnni Dvnsxi nn ioj'sqi 
moS ninetpan Sp rasas rmtai nnciPDn -|in Sk D'-irn 
jrtno win nianp o-ope 1 ) .nSxn n'jruoni o'pnn nyaffio 1 ? 
^]^pn -mn bs> "bbs pap -una niSna nmn mtinn tra 
crpna in« SsS pSn pSn , o'pbrh nSa npSnno oatpn nann 
wain n« "inn Sa o'aSpn cpSna nr nnm ,oa»ai» 
iron -najri> inn pSn rrai ira bib dwiui o^op cpSnS 
•ruavSi 
nrannm . nnn miara onm« nw onaiy n'an *»jk 
-n'Sj:M3 nymn rrron n« manp inv D'cyfl^ n»3i^ rwin 
3ip'n 'D" n'Ptna imiain de>3 moipo i«tP3i nennn 
,ovai oyn ^33 :nm ruon db taperu n»mn"fi^jJM 






,n*iif i**ien mid' 



. mnvwi mnstpcn na'srS ciy-ran , onnvan cninn 
tmn me* nn« mte: jfpnpn by rapin {moan yvoxa 
ik otipS nrw nva ,s?xn rw irpan pa ir« f< nnwi 
fe^ D'flniK'a vn rmiton nmis . ninaira yaiK 1 ? ik tpSffr 
kxio waft 'spjkd irki -ra "33 n'n» , nuiton • man '?» 
, m»n miayS ik cnn jv-6 in msiyni nvnn ti6 in**3 
twra inm inx ^ e" ia»« , rran b# "%s p:p^> laena 
mcy ntn fpiioan wan rma . (1 ona nw p^n man 
xtoW? yji:n Saa nbtea ntPK , man-mpy , n 3 n d n 
nrram *!»»i ,man nwt* pa rniayn nx np"?n i»» ,wsi 
nnaiyn ctp:n by npsb 1 jvm n-px-in nnain . onaiyn ^y 
lesww . >jnwo pap una man 'vixb na-E>n no-wn hk 
: nhttn D'-iain nx D^vuron jazvb yjiaa ania ^kwis 
,nn»nn nya nrmm nx oovy "?y o'rehj avian ^xi, 
n« pina ix^o 1 k^ dki ,nmnn nnay by otpjipd one? 
fnpimyi cmx try ik , n6 yjua orpby ni'naion , niainn 
, Train maim la^o .{i-'aaipa 1 ? v'jx oatrn t?K-ia isiyn 

— mby r6aio nnK nam my nmn , n:i*iaan by n^man 
cm msiyi nrn "i»a two any lK-a-p ,tnaJn fjy nps<> 
ninion nx dj np^na njnaon nmn ,n«vwb , npBDD maaa 
Wi , nrran by rt¥on wmwi raantf 'ins . n'an 'tp:x pa 
^ ronui nnnxn nx np^na nn"n ktii ,njnaoS mx-np 
nsDD 'b^ ,r6 nwmn ,nuuon maa nx nnspai nnstro 

. (i mtpfljn 
crimson o'oatpn "?xx iD'prn pram o'jpinon onion 
Tffpnrc mtp wa 'jax ,oxnjK'in Bam nprooaw ,inva 

— ,inv3 wh&m D'oawn na^o ,nmnn »tsaf "«» Syn di 

,Ho(uei and Home Life of the Am, Along., Morgan i.« 

. 64 iie? 
. Wiindotte Goowerncm,, Powell (* 
. 66 liny op, cit. Morguu (• 
14 



' 



man ---7 -■'-:■? . wwi ■- 
rnrtn B^rt 

77 ,7TTtl * 'tfivi "^r rierr " — ■ ,~iczv* *t" , 
mil .:t;^-:- tt pwrn -7 -x maiT^a- Sr pnrn 
rrnixn'ns*"; r."i™-^~ ~ Pi **n rTrrrrn "nrn^c jwxi 
3mn nx rn'Tviff ,nrrv*"3~ r"33Ki ■ 
*w px-piT rrmt rat e: rrrH-w r;an i 
prvtz rh ovcnp :t:':t r::~- = ;'r. |tq .trran— an 
nai n:-2 ffVim c";;- pi crpTnc anan nai j-k era 
ik a« "c*rpxn D2T2 -:?* , z — r:- cym *bj . z~z~~, 
-cyn . (i mrrrcn -r^rx .**« =■•* r*x =— ---- ="-■: , ~7 
Enstrmmu o-r-- .ceawn .rrrn-nn :-.-? ,-* ruro 
HHM'm np*TBK3 crarrn ,cn3m .tt=- ,,-:-;-■ 
miam ;cr:~" z~ sroa ,-;— *— crpins ,nr?bi23 
*kw cnwi "kze-c coae c*ya-* V;n dj «u rrci rsiy nn 
, i-r-ao 
.trw d'vku n*an -pra t mna p o^cupm =•■<— ; 
ii*3to ncan mica ,:«---':; -7 z-;---i ,3--;r.i 3ip3 
rrr-jr rntaen mamn iz-x , nrot rm* ts , ^tvi '«A , jvai 
ft p v a wn Eninn 'ansa Don tyk . Vm *sb ,-wn m^ru 
(c-i^m nwnn ,E"xn) nnscci .tiecd t>3» ,nsn mi rrn 
voastno on™ t-xk . rrmra ruop (airy 712103 rrcS rrnn 
miEiPC!: m3ino rwran mum nn'n o^pnoxn-anirm 
,inx ttw n*33 nn- isar is** ,— erwy tv »ono — nnnK 
Tins .""jnMn-n'sn, otea DTprrien *B3;? -S3 mpi nvw 
nrp iy in«n rape ,iran *?3 -pi<7- n3iy n?n "inwrirafT 
WB3 nrai nto may -stfo t»k , -m -jiik p-noa , 'J»n 

muN »on wan 1 Bin-'anp hv fl'piB muM ten nnor-on (* 

■*inon ■ ''P'M n'oiJips 1 flvwa»A&> 

) T»p , 1884 , t 113 EeTne d 'Anthropologic, Deniker f » 
nth 86 TO? , The Evolntion of Marriage : mimh (■ 



,n ' jm 1- nen 



I 



• nnnran ninBtran na*2"S n-nyran , Erinvan amm 
naixi tie" nnn min Jfp^pn by iopin p-noan yxnw 
in D'ntp^ nn« rrra .cun rw rpjwi pa ijpx ,nvran 
teVD'cnwo i'n mmon nrnrw .mnera ya™ 1 ? in e^p? 
xxia /ran *»isd -rrwi ins ^a nvRff , nuiton . rvan t^k 
, meri miay^ ix irm ainfe in nunpm mvn t)6 lrwra 
wxa -inxi -snx ^ e» ib*k , mm to ''jSa ppS i3B»nj 
may ntn Imuran man rxia , (i ana niE> p*?n rvan 
rfo^a 1 ? pawn ^aa nbvo ivx , marrmpy , n ann on 
nrowi lawi , man 'e>:x pa rrnayn nx np^n n»R , man 
nnaiyn wmn by np^> : rum rrrx-n nnain . a'laiyn by 
Ham-is . «yii»D p:p iina man 'tp^S na-E-n nanxn n« 
: nfntn D'-iain nx oianiB^n taats^ yaiaa ania ^'xixis 
,nn»nn ija mnnxn nx aavy ^y awi: bvbti nrafj, 
nx pro ix^a 1 x 1 ? dki ,nanwn miay "?y b'tje-b oner 
cjptmyi cms x-ip 1 in , nh paiaa omnr mission , niainn 
r rfinn niamn la^o ,(>"hiwd^ i ,( ?x oawi etna iaiyn 

— n^y nbcio nnx nam ny nnvt , njiiaan ^y ni^aion 
b'j-ii nisiyi nin i»a Tirne ouy wa'P , D'Taan ^>y rips'? 
maiton nx oa npSna ruriBon rum , nanni^ . npsca jiinaa 
vn , rriTan by rr^on nnnsn naavr» nnn . wan wax pa 
^ n:nt:i nnnxn nx npfjna nn*n trm .nsnao^ a-x-iip 
i£3DD »£iS ,nb rrmn ,niaiRan moa nx nwffoi nnsE-a 

. (» nitpsn 
B'nmaon D'oasm bitt wpnn rftwi ffspinon a-niDi 
lapnn nvp i»a ^aw , BTpnwvi min np'j'g oa»a , nnva 

— ,1111*3 D^stcn D'oasn ia*?a ,Dmnn 'Bat? nxa> Ijxk 01 

, Rouse* snd flomc Life of the Am. Aborig., Morgan K* 

. 64 TIUF 
. WUndotto Gonwcrnem., Powell i* 
. 66 HOP op, cit. Morgan I* 



n-an tow rr^yp ,nj"non *eS ,(*inn inv nra nt aiSn 
mron rStPo nn« Sy nriBiffan mow , rrouipH mux -una 
^jr ,rnTrni twh S» i'Ki»n Sy — ,pm»:ri Sir nwvn 
mix . Dtinn bv prawn Sy ik cnamin So pintm 
nrntn w pa rvyyartn rmvn kti nrnvn rmi St? pmwn 
run ns rrvSirw ,nS-mnSan nnyn ..ivjirpn nrfwi 
S» pww:n miv iw bj m'Sins? roan ktt ,a*TS'n nnn 
pitt m crimp owdisi a'aannt? ,03'o psa .anajmaT 
-i3T aruoa 'ffSim cjyn pi D-p'ma .cian na-i pst dm 
ik aio ••oijipsn oava ipm , omun o'ynn 'ay . onan 
iryn . (tmnvan ws n« b»k ers anS rmpS wxm , yiy 
fewonirwu o*3»vn ,a-oati*n .OTwmiaT anm rin njrus 
in nsisTtn np'i2K3 carrn , o*aac'n ,Ss?aS ( nia*naoi 
arucm ; O'twn-'iaT :n;B3 ,S\nn 'sS ,0'p'inD ,n;rrSi£a 
tpk cmnn ^oatse o'aaiff owaiK bix bj aim nvi -my run 
. (» npnata 
, ens" a'-noa n ' 3 n Tina a'Tinao caiaipitn n<Tin 
rra Sa no'en miaa , ato-niar Sy a'lEvon , O'oaerrr atp3 
rrSy niSoion mainn te«« , nm n»« 'T3 , S'ain *sh , rrai 
fejproKn D'-nnn 'isawo o-st Sxk . Smtti 'bS ,tnb niSi-u 
(onS'm n&ttn , »*xn) nn£>t?Bi rmsce Sat? , man Jina n'n 
DTJ3BTI0 a'in« Sus . mnva nanp (Bin) naiaa maS rrnn 
.thecdd rnainD rrjran muitn nrvn o'apnoicrroninn 
/lrwSru rvaa nrr lai? 1 tpk , — BnpyTy B>ono — nnnit 
■pna ."Tru d Trran,, atra n*rpiTKn 'aa:? *B3 «ipj rrrw 
mp iy -ran invpa , iran Sa -phS iaiy rpn innn-n , an 
ntPM ,-wi -]i-i« jmoa ,'jpn 



it Mm n-an .Bin-'anp h? jvjrao m«H M'n ane»t»i (• 

I lisp . 1984 ,'l Tia Rene d'Anl.liropologie, Denikar (■ 
,m»S 8S ilDp ,T1ib Evolution of Marriage trjnia 1 * (* 



*0T 



.n'liSi'iiBn «tid* 



■own 'a ,nnaio .miaowi . mprrnbui rmayn 'nr 
,o*iwnpn o*bmsi nnrnn T3i nK d: Tran nbwb c 
coyb iw lira nane moa innsru rur 'ebtt 'jcb ny 1 

.[TDDIJDl O'b 

,o'D3if nnan nnrnn Tb rwaon ,'hwnrWHn»fti 

T31 by pTB3 ,DTp» HD3 .JltPRTTl ]'&! ]D rPWWIp • 

trn fawn pan jo ffjHnuipn *a ,irwa ,'townon aw 
O'JD? 'jflb new jD'jip a«man amsir mbbnnni mx3f 
nnuK ma ,«ini»o vnan bhwd ,-inK vnan kxidb ikv ca* 
,nbsn nrcijiei .npnotca DTprwri yu ik trrapaubitn j 
]bik3 nnn mm ires nniyie new nipnnm nmieo wi 
?a nb piw , mnvo rnuttb noyy /tk aiionb nbnn nnx. ' 
nm baa lprnn: (tb , nnnwn nnuxn oy naip bai O'O 
jwotdi in« a-bpita nvnb numi rrwv pnoa nnisno ns 
mmabipn nrmm baai irvcicjai p-ruaa jD'it 
D'Koaoi o'bo nonin j.Tnuwba ; n'ltp nrnff 1 nane-j ]i 
iky 1 D-ai ffmt -ish '3 , Dvraioni a'Tyan q-ib> jipb-'b 
pniiD arm 'a by ban . nn« nnswa npao nbnn nvrmei b 
ntt pnVi ]iab nvwes ba iw ny jota -p ba nin i 
,-in lino nm -in -|ino -in , nmawr b*> nvirm mbe-'b; 
nai by , manp a'aysb , msao mean , pnttn inn • 
moon "3 ,Tanb v* cai D'ipyo -pno is ,nwta nibtpbr 
bsa =]rte> itfK , '»ui«n ivmriD ikb nai moa nysena f 
. mann-»m nruwinn nan nx inn v by -wab b'ji 




,aym Bairn bv rnmiton mnnsnnn b« UB'pem 
'a , o'Nn ijmn , attn-ma; ix awn-mat nnaio by anai 
— ,nTnannn3avin nnuna n:cp mm mijnn— n n nv 
•^rwrom n-jan nnuxn njop inrn rrnwn — n^an 
, noxy nyn nnwa , o'ipyji inn wv nto ni D'bianDi o-ab 



,rr6 m w rorffft srrnsn rat a-crs 1 ? m bj 
aSa D'oycS d*t?io a'papnam tpamnon oiton 'on* 
ni op nt -iffpnn^ rrarmn npwnn nit OTnron n*irwt 
n«n nnran npwnn 'a , vbna jaio . anx titp anppa 
cmnan p ni3Tpnnn» eipaa pn nrirao nnSin tSi,t < ? nSa* 
w Tfo "inva o^na a'Vieaoi omxpo nS mtmo nrH 
. trairon b'tit 
to nun nna^nna nwi i;njK n:n na n«i na ok 
^m . vrann KrarpjBn mnnenn nuTraa nnr* nit D*irun 
ownon) annvcn awn pa laaa ns D'pnnw Ktpiarpjon 
pa cpnon trn tre>Erp:a nnp ianno ,{rhKn annjn b# 
,-tnm inr \nv~b w"n anm aipBm a-aton onnn 
nrmoa 'nan Bar 1 ? o*apsb naa-u anna to muH 
%aa toit , m-inva rmua niaa rh^vnb nrnn , i»o sitou 
naroan ,nmi8i n'BK rraain t by a'catrn a-wnp 
jeiKa , nniBfl Tito numo -j-n maipi ruin rsaa la'anz 
B*'nn e]ia Kin ne , i* Tjr6 toj' u'K nwrn mnnnfina tonaonfc 
brnn n'ii'Ni «*n nsw annvon anmn to o"tovwwim 
. Baspn to B»^3a 
to a'laron a-Bassn to 'a ,3i»r6 Kiipn npa' toi 
Rn»pnrtB rbi: lrjarai uwnna a'B'pnen , axn mat nnaio 
ni a'ai b'jdi i^aa i3E" -bpk ,nnEiPO naip a-anp onvii 
D'thj to oj 1B3K n« mann fto a'ai anpaa .nt ixa 
rav ■onnnbi mb nt anpnnS inp-6 art* hbA ami oiai 
St irw leptoifi crrran .nn« man 1 ? o'aorn "para nrnln 
.■"a'Bjnaaip jcixa a: ox 'a , , b , : , 'J jbiki *]xk^ *inie 
W npsao maa a-pina nis'saap a'tppam anain 
mvzpnnn ■"? iivi; i:;ar ^ej a'aatrn rrnan 'a ,mpwnrr 
rnana . jvB'rrr mxapnnn v, p itrsa mns t6 n'a'onuipn 
i D , iaj,-n bhipi nnicn aiaip i^bji i^nnna uaat to a'aarn 
Tns ,iaxp 'jsa annva D"n wish 'n ana insti inn ■»» 
,niti«n cia-aS jman^aS ,a"Tonn nipasS nmn ,mib- 






-jos imatSi'iiBH * Tin 

i2>k , nvn ki3- ruvinxb o*?ik . hkj6 1*7 won aaian i 
nannn^ nvrwrn o'rwn limn* ,nwpi awn nys;?n i 
ccaia a'jirt enb aniro nw oipns ,o«n *?» oc 
o^DBien trarpn Jin Vnno nt6m Kinn ditto 
, nnstpan sips tn^wi BnVn bz n« 13m ^k *?3p^i am; 
nvrwii D'nm nw -jk xb ~in jtgi na3 tppo *SHi ■ 
n« , man nsi D"jan rw , nrnwri a'nxn m ax ' 
tmwn roa rwi rwrwm antri *ja ntt ,nrmn nsi on 
nma »nw a: niyt .inn nua nto inn '« rut , 
Kiss ^13' ,ni3«n nun t6i mntwn -no o-;nj nmpn « 
■h^ . mans a*"6un B , -6 , n by pi oifsnnS nnOTon . 
DTmnDN mnwo '3 ,nxm nnaE'an Vwo owi* 
jvejiapKni nsnte'en-miyn 'jhjo .pin ha ani« ; 
onann by ,a"2DiBn a'SOTa^ nmn ,m *3th lairs; 
^un ^3 Sy rrnj? D*fi»sno ,BTwn mux ^» o'viiatf 
, nrmeine *inv nan moa rpnui6wii nasiian nwn m 
• ••\b-pb nnamjn nyum ■ 



Sy anova o^p^i , -inr is nine , lauru "im , cnnjn 
nnniD ty d'idi'd D'tsaw 1 ? o^ana r BKn~niaj 
-rc>pnr6 onis Dunoon , erhbz ciun nyeim nnn ai 
rh»r\ a's:nna inn , D"Toni any inv an»pa nt ay ; 
«tto . inwo aMK nt'Ko aba a^rta DHruniP , Y^bn Kin 
nvrnoa onjsna /nab inx "73 , Hin "<sh , a^nn , a'lanjsn 
•mi nrr anbn 1 ?! bipbj by "iiayb n? ay nr nv/v mbpai 
on dj a'byia a"yaan o^nrrwn .(iB'ems'an a^'iici 
■ro'a 3iinn , np'bnn . nmn nvMtwnn nainb nianp D'eyaS 
omiya na:i3n rrnipaa D^Wn , «pinn 'o^a iipn , ]"pi 



,1863 .'3 yi3 Transact of the Ethoolog. Boc, Heathcole (.* 



;b»i'vi .n . 



(HvatPD ,oiRn »rya ocian vipruv ,ncmpn 

; 3ipa irjrun o'jnjcn ^ by ni'mji man nijfBW 

pyj nnetran -pn bn uni -na^n nrait n;o , o*n 

anno , nnatpon "|m Sx fpwn , vnn , v i 

won iNtp ntti nnoiffcn btr onion mm* rw 1 

i .miran nineirnn ba yipo nnsron bnan o.tb l 

o a 3 ™6m nnyo «pnn bnpn aipa D'ycisn d*e-3k 

1PD3 . mm fiimn *ra yi?isn cten nic ioia Snprn 

rray Sa na»m pmwi :n]aa mpsntsn 

na:: nraS ,mn anion by nnscan »3ao "Wi 

i nnm vmwn nnn D'ltKM nnsran tub bo netc 

? mix i/'iaan , cnn nya 'jionpn otxn iS kiid na 

,iw!7i nuntnn -d ,T»an mwi tranpn nuntno 

f Ta^3 'yaa pyi 'a by aixn na o«a rnvnra 

D'pnn by dikh tiay tot , n v ay a nttbni nnpt 

.co-tan men i 

iia-i minn rmHn d'tV© nbxn tramon 

j« ay p; 1 ? para omai nnsn nwan miacn '»» 

t -US'** .onion nix rw tnra by on a: onwwi , on: 

earn; nbxn onasm omn QTWttn . imx 

i mo boi , owon '3 by dtix , lb D'nxo 'Sionpn dikti 

: o*orsno , nnstran rma -pro itrx , o'onvi bai 

rray "pixn nysb rrrA o*w en .nbttn d»mwi 

'r ,:n:an 'fib ,d>Vb' or* on jnnjn nnsircn nxo 

(tb iew , D'mnn ""3 , naiu nwn n:iaxn . nay 

: ay dj urip xb ,dohi on'ax nua onvnitt 

niriBtro -pno Dnnspo -|inb mpib ibw ,ninsrtDn 

i c*s?:n '3 ':3a , a"aoian onnx nvnx op ix , nvcii 

,'aaiun ;aia3 en? manp nbxn ; 

i o-nxn b& n-yaon muxn namno run jeixa 

neipn i»Da . vii*i inv n'maxSa rrmi6 

tai^fl is o"yaa ,niTi«i D-n« bv im in ^3 taij? naii 



n'anp ,^run "pyn bz oy ^aw ■rnw rwnpa onsnpra 
nnuKn lsennj ,ni*PKni DTiKn 'on'3 D'Jimpn oi»t;r*» 
'xra ikd n'pim o'jora iiy nrnwm DTwn ^ii> ni*yaw 
,n v n d S-n i * n i a k S o nmjt6— D'vrann awn ninnsnn 
-*» tttrnpn ok nnutPDn jipo e^naf? urar jmoi nnvt 
'tS' onaii om o'tPitc nneipan fin bn tap^i nnstpcn 
jin: n*n nnetron -jm bn onrn n^ap jrao . rmrw ninsira 
"tc tofe baa . mriRn Sir m«n nvn 'jbS nip o^nrr^a bra 
rinn Sk nEDix nbuainn t« nis-i 1 ? unw cVd* o'bijjvr 
.o-eipn .ddk orb m3tt te?n ,ontn DTinsKn ntt n'BJa 
rjnxa d-jkhi o'Din'.n o'sipn n« o'sdik , nupm onatfl 

i:^ 1SDD p"Hl , [l D.T3TY 'jD ."IK K^ob D'^ni O'amai H3T 

craa D'ln c-'sip yt xb nnmn nn'nt? , nns nrmas nnn by 
. (i D'an B'Vinm n'aba o: on '3 , a'-in* 
^D'D'jxn nmon iv ninwn minbipn ninncnn yna 
,Epm 3* 6an ik a"y3an , nvrwm anxn 'om D'anpno , rra 
D'anp '3 , oixn-'M jk iron? hjibhS nmn , mri 1 nempa 
dik ba .ysona nbyob oneiyn Dmrb nnBtra-nsnp on 
obi an pai ira D'a'pnon rDTpmon* 'a ,t« posa aitti 
nsipmorva nroo nine nS -i3t , nix^aaE" nsi on ibie 
. no~«n Sy ray own innaspo *« vn« pai ira o'a'pnan 
D'crrn 1313 a-wn 'Jpid nijrwn mxo na-nj nmn ruionn- 
— oien 3icm — wnw tin, . man pai u»a a'a-pnan 
*ni<^ anp 'jtt ; ^» caiab canp on p by , "b o'svip 
rnaero nys»n nnn ."on 1 ?!? D'BbibS anp ':x p bv /nrniwi 
nnn mu«3 ncxy nw .iKnn ,nriBiKiTrnu« nw nbn 
,ttw dbio iron n^ o-iatn -jpana ^yaana rAyob moiyn 
finnvan a'DBian by nou ,n'3n im nnBB'an 'H"k ^d 1 ? e|m»ori' 
',iDvy 'JS3 inin nsiy jvan 'cjkd in«nn«'^a ibk 



' 



, 



wnrh paiaa oniDH rhm cnain !?a ,r» nm vwr 
onnan ,m noiy 1 ? , ok .nn'i 1 'tarra nr oy nt onuffpn 

DJ1IK — D'S'IKI D'ltaiKf "Iina 'KM ^K irmn D'DITnD 

majnpo nn 'Kanai , o'pjrrnVa anaoa ,Vnn '£& ,0'p'inD 
ttk j'jyan .innciffD 'ia vnttVi nS;*a^> "iina iiaye' nenri 
vyzpu -\nnb nwxn rw aipin , tpsa-rpnai Soya n»ttn n« bu 
.onVri'a /iid^t/h nto ^aK ,th nptna na mm canari 
-nna at**? on oj d'3'B» , nmn nnppnnno nt?Kn I'm ib»k 
Dp -isw , D-aitpn ^am 'pSna . io» *?y o-Kipai 'ens pap 
nvwpnn km nrxm itkh nrwpnn , D'»:n-nV;: ruo BB-eru 
^ya onsm fmVn n»wi iz-k , tp* ptpi-ian mpaa . rvjot 
-nna E"sn bv -man anpa p»njn 'inn oa Trrrb orna 
on i»k , pi , 1 1 D";cDEin bvtt aviaa , "nan f>e> ""Mo pap 
^vk :man anaaa , nwttn ma Sn , |i»mn dtp: ^k d'sp 
. (a cranTjSi 
anao ik been* anas , ntotn tranaon ^»o inx a»Bn'»a 
o'trya ( iVni Ten anan 1 ? nvm npaDD moa , O'E-jn-n^rj 
rtaipon , n'caiDpKn . byisa tr'ojiopx nnstpom man 
onsmn n'Kann ns rrr^ia ,^a anao una "maai nnetsoa 
rnnnsnn'; oa ayiv o-Kanai nnsc-sna "pp„n nvvweb 
. "i^p„no -man 
nnwo-rniaK 'orria i^»Sn»n d^bbiea rmpn-'Dir 'a 
, nvnxni n-nsn , nrron nnaean 'aa , pao bzs nb?i — nnx 
o'sniffcn ta'aiarn npeon nivob ncpnai mraa mux on 
aia jana cnny nwwm dtwi ; pan-mann noaian b& 
tiki ins Sa noaia^ o'xinn niauan jik kixd^ m rm nt 
itSena kS p bv .*p«n nytt-a -insi irk "?a nopa DipAi ona 
ni'fiKni nr.Kn 'on* rn D'aimpn coyn *?*k 'a , uyoipa 



.74 'V /Uaily Life and Origin of tlie Tuainaiiisns, Boh wick (* 
J383 iiojl 'J pSfi , Autui-oixilogie der Naturvolkar, Watlli (* 

.351 iiay ,Tho Indian Tribes or Guiuua, lirutz DJ> 



bv ntppa m By nt D^iiipp annaniM . nvvh Syan w ^ya 1 
i3v ,iruna riw rra*np coys'? -ojn 311? trnK-mai diSi 
.o'jpi D'rrv dip mtrb ytcan rune 1 ? nencoi , ^"urm '* 
nrr6 inb>ji nay wpno Kin mm "©ye '•eh hpk dip ik; 
^ai na ^a -lan 1 ? 1 1 ? ptt rbttn onpea .nmy a-spa ; 
nt*n nwpb c'Kn toto , aye Saa '3 ,ntewi Sy jie 
*J3 nrw mty^t nuift n»»tn nbny , ramn im nwc nr 

13V tlPrft rTOlD 13JH ,tVWh TW1 HCJP "lEW .nnpBl 

f o'cyn -,, n npin Sitk nyiT nx:n nnwon mix . 
natpsru dew aipea nb itnp' p "«?« ,(t„been«" 
d'cjc: uruw nutn mwan met ay .pfrj wi ^y — 
by vsem , Enp?(pH38n wa» Svx , ^poS , maipo thm c 
*(*nx'r.ia "n ^y D'aE-vn o'px'nn 'oa» Sxki (»nMt'ij t * 
VJpo Turt Ten D'Vjtti ni^Kn ovarii n'jKn pximn ■■ 
pit wheipd ^xi lev b* yah i33n mra . rmm bv - 
»•;{{ roaa nxi m 1 ?' nm iwpb dk oj ihk nnp^ 'Wt 1 
mpb nc«n wip neam fcafn mrrra rra rw& p 1 
apjp ntry i»k rwyaa . rh ie>k rw mwtn ntt win to 1 
namnr mfB nto pea nn-ica 'on* . (* p 1 ? oya win 
any gpxwm ts^rhsmn bvtt ,rmAxna issi ruw *i_ 
aipa n3»^ "|Sini m»* run in'a n« nianp 0"ays6 naan 
,»•» .mnx ntrn ay pttwa nnaa d» dj:ji a'ann swat 
; prtrw to 3ib6 penn laipa rnjjrr nnnx n^c ,_ inx iktk 
^s n*3» nannai nwnnn lnrHMffD rw an? sin nbxn onpoa 
fin ,aiin 's ^y ,ct? Kniei ,n:iB>sia kip woo ntPK ,inn 



Bmith ; r*Ol 43 'nj> „Tlie Fatriarchel theory", Mc Lennan (* 
tUl ;1&» , 1US ,71 ,69 1WJ) , Kiustiii) and Mar, in Early Arabia 
.112 TlfiV ,op. cit, Weeterm. 
, 101 ""Op „The Indian Tribes of guiana", Brett (* 
4 '» Ti3 t Life in tuo Forests of the Far East, at, John (» 

.52 ,50 iiay 
,wh ,trw 



, nuiren -py n« inn irm rwwi i-anc mom mwtn 

i tck ,nna3n masten -j-ijt ntti tswi jo lasi rt> s*a' 

i nawi rwa : hvab , nmBrrVi nnattrt jna part jni* 

mi ncKm B"«n be nvwpnnn p;nnn li mea — , nuoprt 

. nvpaon nram -|ina nneewi "n ^r mrapn nio 

did by ik awrnoi mom •?? tbvo iron i 1 ? nvr 

'>» psia>3 ,Vrw 'sb ,on tna pmrsn — ogn-flia 

i ns fa ,n:isw-i nanoo o'aiip pa fl'siwn . prampiq 

3 rftt amis D-Kn '33 . Warn d'mxth cnu enpa an 

' ,p2D ^a ,icn fiwn mmim ,nnDron isn riVjiam 

si^jm D"nn -,l r;a ; D'pimn iwiaso oisn Sy« 

cpaon win ,ni3i»n*in ntmtno o^anpn nurttna 56aa 

ioa -t-npb cseinn D'carm i^£-» , tfjipKi -itposa -sua ya: 

onmb HJUD ntn pan ,nasai ,bivnn nisn ns nrrp 

,nrw,FOioa in ins ]pa nn 11 favtiv o'tsi-panrs 

ntn 1 ? bs\ bja -mas una , Dm b*»:h pai tranp pa S'lan 

'3 sin , nra m n'pim mnipDa lasnrui iVwub DT"ar» 

i runs mpnrmn mmnno D'aiTpn nisrnn "pn *?y joe6 

i nnsn;i mann te niy'Tn Jin amrw nn» pT nm* 

, mtian aipa nnain pse> nniaj nmoa n^p p'Mi 

[ «pn n:nt?a owifln pa Ktsoi-wan S'n.T -area 

i npwnn ^>y nooanon ,ni9wen rrajuion nnerisi 

'3^3 nn«a ,iny-i ^k trs nap:m iatn ippintp-s? 

■un b« ntftn rmatmn on 1 dj pumea navy njw nnwai 

wm iP'ttn 'asn D'ltp nci»en n'OJinnn rmcraa .i^aa 

ma pi D'NiBn "na new nrn \v\vn . (» "iioj p'W ^aa 

; owi i:njN lE'sa ,rrru nuao ntrx iS E»«n np' dm 

rjH&io npeiffion nniipaa . cn^in bis ran nail 

l mayiffo , icxy nitra ins !;a nnoiyn , d^ip dhiu 



;wood» M»gaiino H Barmen Women, Eieldtng ''p (■ 

. 778 11D? iwa , 776 'OJT , 1895 MB WQ HT , l"'? 



' jiSi'sion 



mKn nx D'B'pon o'-inrcn D"nn—(«ni ncxni tt'Nn : 
mer6o hv ronx rbvbv »b« nrx □■Mian "n , 'Jioiprr 
rbs mann nmaio nSn 0"nn->x:n3 .rv6vu is ni:ap 
•pea .a'lxn •'in nx bipb nyt? bzzi r\y Saa nnaj nvnT 
nyse "ixo rrwaio fwxn px nrro ie>k nnnara inrn D':»rt 
,Tta w mor6oa manst? tr-on oy in' p'rn rnpS ':sin 
p la'ja n'lajn Sjr -|X jv;bid nxin miayn ^a nvnai 
oipo iy nvran rrnajfa npoiy rwm vine? ,xiek maion 
-"n 1 ? rnwwi nuvin nx -p x 1 ? pvy by mnpiS D'lwn . dainty 
, cSaxsn nx Stt-aS , trxn "ry "iiccS : u"n , D'O'aen rrarr 
pyy S-aira .warbi vpzb oa dx 'a ,c*»iatosn km pan 1 ? 
.DJ'ti'nS ntrxn naa e" ibx , nuiton nx ,Bn^n ^awr 
y D'iS'n xpd ia^a , tit*? n:ncn ^a nxya pat? ^>y nxs^i 
ruon . nmwn Sa to rowan nnxw nxi rca-v^a nx 03 
*p Sa wmra ntra xim D'xisn "Bap *?3 'ttx aerom nm 
V;3 nnoix px pxya awn l^ww iy , aiei tbh hyta 
, -pna k»d "?a ncaip Sy D'np6 or« crasi . iS -i^nnS 
, 3-ixn oy non^on ■ne'pa ym yjn baa -nayb lbain? naa 
piwn ^a (ten ia"?D inx kpd ni'H ffoiya onan <wfl dr. 
ipiy x 1 ? p "?y .niaoa n;non Sa "n vrr tx ,d,tSp imt 
Ten cxisn 'QatP Ssk p own '3 , Dnown wmttn n"?x 
miay ^a rfeo* la'sa p %l ?ir itPK ,jjr^jrab menn ninsar 
,ira i? vi pa nnana aim 310 *a ,i3in now .ntsp- 
onyiai oji^-ia xb '3 ,n;n 3x23 ccipk dj'k onaan bzK 
• ona nuinj mnannp auivrin o^nrr^iona ok '3 ,'ftn Kin 
nunio ri'nnna nnmpn nnann pisa 'a ( lann yrr K^rr 
rmayitPD ffw:n pn ,DRrrmai mxann pat? t mvthipn 
^aa o^nna nrb p nntp 'a , prnattVi p'bya^ tai ^30 
laan »rya !nr» mos . fj^arn Batrn "nSi n'an "n 1 ? ymi 
•py nw«n Tpa ^ij-te* rnosi rwnn nayn ibk miayn iiy 
nan ts'ip rntsa ; hht byi n'Sy is;n pr ibk , n:;n,T 



ivtt D'O'pDitn "nmx &2i fyvch .nwn aKrrmai ; 
onrun dj ntnzi <eai , (i ttxn-naix nru , (i imjton 
rmann n» o's'pan omn-'rcn • (» rrtru nnya on 
nrctt 'K 0'ian miy ^ap ny ,ot>i D'pp ia ^a on ? 
main .mirp np -^raa iVstt a-pnnbi iiojrb rmsvsh c 
-rpon itfH , □'owriffl 'aa&6 yjia ivra a'p-mt n*?» 
*'»nnn rv (tin jnoiTO ntt o'attip on uenw inx 
poynon !» ma nianoni 31 ^ey tp-inn ,(wabm*. Hop* 
^a "pno yaan ina mrm oipaa 'a , D'ttn una* ja Sy . 
ffltsauion bv nnun mivn n« ninpsia nnspan nm 
onVm n^Hn dp jw6 Taxi ikim n'B by ispn ,.*r:o> 
jw6 i-warn dtWi h-a* i»» ip ,pjei o:ieo tvh 
♦IWJB '* ^ tw -canaam nVyrun nnya .ops: 1 ? aaxya 
-ftBwn fAia' .nuita^c petsai ttnaoi ira 1 o^pHa btovbt 
w^sn: 16 p by ; Tajn miy '!» rrfr nro navy ra djt£ 
rtposj win e-'wi 'atpv D'sipran 'aae- ^vk 'a ,uyaM 
. (» **iSn bajn tw toi *pvi oysn oyea nunim 
Trwn DHKrrnnana nba:an naon 'a , awn un» jaai 
nx dj 'Vwi r n»«m »u«n 'jp nntppnnn jar nn mf?3B 
.ff'Duipun cnrHion an r ann nxa w awn ixd nion'nnn 
.naSin rvouipiin miapn-ppiSnt?. mea 'a , nta mm 
-inn DTiap im 1 nnspan-"n &vp3 v mna rcbrmn 
-kpk , men maion 'wnn X'n nun rniaprrrpibn , d'ttidb 
•njneV *paan avanD ddvw6 man dip bain vh ny^a 
fttOyrrnpibn npau udb» , upon . miobipn nu-naa nmaj 
iBwun mnan maaa D'pnan Inann Kin ,t?wn ntrxn p 

,176 Tins '•* p 1 "! <>,The History of Greenland", Cranty <» 
..Bulletins d'Anteouo- CJ1 105 110? op. oit., WeHtermadli (* 

.333 -op ,1887 niv , '' -pa , logia tie Parii* 
.41 Ttoy „The Primitive Family", Starcke (* 
j 18GT , 'n -po , Transact, of the Etlipolog. Society, Uelcher (* 





mare ra o'aionpn irnan 'a # wn5 Tom ai-p p by> 
ob™ ami marram dj -ai , owen nnano inr poibaiio 
wiflf 'a ,pso ba j'k na OKi na ok ba« . -wr n'rerr 
mi* pa mayav/vbin rvm '«npn m»n be> nnsron 
be» nnetran mix pi ffjrtyn n-nn-bya bv nneporr 
Erbia' «rw« nmn maiyn *iid' byi .(iBffl «™ cnn 
b» nnsccn mix nmi imn nnsiran mw *a .B'bnnV 
nvnb ntwtro iajn rwpm na» .crwMwton) nrrrm wrti 
irpon ippn n» ynpb lbaip jEitoi an Kb jot TPiaa iim 
.nyw baai ny baa dhir. 
mroono .cninnsnn noa irwr^sa to by lJB'para 
moa 'a ,nm: ,mmaj Trwn ntmon iy inva msWfH 
■"ina "inr- p'tno Kin it mD3 nmeo -mr Kin n-rbyaip- 
, (i DHtiDOi D'yiap nnsPB- 
miobipn bs> nimon nvinna nnoiyn mun-rmana 
ny "ja'oa o'atpojn nrrrm Trrn bt? pmtMn lnra locsru 
any am 'a by .n'jotn n'oiijion w— ren (6- 
, mns hb« lb vysh T,bim newi nK noyo ny maya vm 
dki na ok ban , na it orrnraj n« o's^bno nam Kin ik 
ninsE-ob nya> baai ny baa npbino nba mann ran ns 
. nr-ffiroio 
aKni byan nt« dtp-do cvpn n'Tin-'Kins? oipo baa 
nbyis mnK nao ir* ijpn ik , {* nnsjfon n« iboya DiiDb 
jiBbc nnn nn« rweaa *inb nniK nmaai nnsiron by ov 
Dipo baa ,0'iMKb vn'i o-ib'n i^ij" 1 it?* ny awn byan 
jn'nnn mbipbnipn nw pcnn 1 .ik ninaipon nuio n;a oipm 
by moron D'ai arm* e" cjieti bann pbna . axn nvo> 



.60 ,16 ,14 'ajr ,op. (lit ( pSTBS') <" 

.u,9 w,b» :b-ai (* 

„Eio-Sodol. Point of View" BJ1 „Tlie Problem of 1 1i'TB t* 

. Woman fi 




mas rwen nunin *jiDipn o"iwn "vn T\rm nuntnn '3 
rnanwa own *?a iiw , rvm ny pt nto 'jsk , iko .T3"t 
ipk i« o v pnr6 rfTar ir&am nuntnn 7 3 jy 1 ,0"TMn toS 

iw a-«n unw icw f nnfl»o _l, n S» nyiapi ntriaa mi* 
,(iD'cnit:n ,(«D'D'Ki:'tcn'DrjS*K Innmi now ntn nam 
,(* cp*nan 'naif Svk noyony ^ nam rrn "ipm , (» D'ljinn 

. (• BTTKrt O'Dpn "jX* OJ , pSD 'to , pimn 13yn 'E*31 

mr: tann ten , nnspoa c ,( ?t?n n-n a«n '3 , p oj lain na»- 
Wamp D'ays 1 ? *a |y , n"to*nriBBn rrnr6 toi ton mn wit 
, ^CT jiB^B ik ikd ny n*n note a«n ^ ntn paten n\n 
riKi wifl»Q hk jan any 1 i»?« ,;njDn 31™ rm o'oye 1 ?! 
.mrat nnccD ton -inn to b« "lannrc OT3 
mna Tiy urnnn xS o'jimpn n'D'n 'nata wniyr 
nvBMn nnisron *s« ^y pi'ia Tavhbsnv naa ,n»mn 
o ,< naj d'idt pT uS m:ni3 ni'j^wjn rvrrpnn . ramm 
CKVDin D'xien •»asef te nnsiwsn-^m ,ntn ora dtibji 
pp nyo^i ny^ pT ijS pit* on w itov laota ww 
wijk j'K / rtbyoS u*m 133 -»»»a , 'a jy ,mn iam 
*n ^y «iot te D'tnsn "hd nam niatpSi vrprh tytam 
xpoTiao vn (CJioipn lae* pair ,nim«n ,'aiffipn o^«^ 
r ^wa o'insn 'aac a-aim' ina» nis-ittnD -mi' mmet 



I 



Prim. Volt .Eeclnai I3S Tiny ,A Vojage of UUfcovery, C* 

. sa iiov 

•JT3 , Transactions of the Ethn. Society i]DKBa Schortt <* 
.Die Volkaat. der Kilagari, Heta on ,240 110V / 1869 rur ,1 
.34 ivy 
■ 182 'jr 'I JQ , Journal of the E. Asiatic Soc, Haepheraoa (■ 
iwy '* lia , „HawkeBworlh'B Voyages" 1003 W«Hes (• 
i . 67 'ay „La 8ociete d'aprea rethnographie'', Letooroean ; 101 
^TheSoc, and Milit. Position of tLt Holing (» 
aVSP'ioxn niann W ^Dwaa ,Caate In Ancient India* 
US -nay ,1888 n» ,i"i td ,mtan nmiH ni'pnV 



irfiOHTiD , nrw moD avb ovn dSxk iboxtu *unt , 

.mrw rvViys nr 1 " 
-miaym wporyjon bv rbxn nioirsn rmWi rw 
-n»ttn , nnaonn myxoma vnann ^arn nneo nsn 
tosrenn ^» o*yiapm canon o'Dirn n» po miai , n 
,mram rr 

■•3 — nniBDvn ,- ipin ba □ , :d i 5 na ipnnrw nyn 
nnspon mix nrpn dun bv ruwtnn nnzvnrt 
.-tidvi iv ncra ,pn!> mayipon miwan) n^yy 
^x»t vn D'arprrniB'TP *a ,njnS onpinn ra^ lew 
DJ *3l , awn nxn nVl on>i ixd Dirn *?? nnoi'D D'ji 
jwi orPDrr n« o^paen D'oaifno a-ai d'jid uvrnrai 
mflj -)wk ■nnx ^a« . (i dm -wo onmnn mVi 
, nenn rfln noipaa ^ap^ men p ini* o^inn nm 
0'ipjn-nienw ^ nnwn ■ , rwpn V* rwpn jo rh rrax, 
bzi -ip'ya mji:en ,n*wann-nianmn !?» ,(»o'Jioipn 
rrDvon , (iTaiMoiipn) nnsn~cnn nnsro W ,(tnnstPo 
nnirp mai nmn iiyi (• nvrwm cnun nrwpnj 
mpam mennn nrrpnn »r6\n m^>a nmiDa irsffsru rrt 
,*wk o'E-jn-nionitp mm *a , npeoo moa laa wain m 
,iann nott . (■ n^aignosn mrnn 'jy -"ymi naiya 



■ ,Tlie History of Human Marriage, Wotirmirkl' 

.70 ,69 '8J , Tote mi sm, Ft* 

The Origin at Civilisation and the Prim, Condition, L u b- (* 

.•>trhv pie 

IAntiqnarisehe Briefe .10 'Of ,Das Mntterrecht, Bach of en (■ 
•nay , Studies in Ancient History, H o. Lennan ;nurjSl 
"110)1 , „Die geschlechtsgenossenaohaft der-Urheit" 0)1 



Systems of Consanguinity and Offinity o f (' 
P Morgan, Ancient Society ; 12 fast the Einin 
.nun 1 ) 401 to? 
.') 'n "t *pia op .cit. ,Weatennark I* 



TO -pna . ciw D'inj -t?:tt Vy nnewiwnSTp mopsm 
n^wn o'O'jfjn r'runn '3 ,B^nn*> unM o'Sia- 
'jsun oistan Sy nsio^ dtwo D"non nnwn 
i , rryawnPiTn mbiye 1 ? nmn . mnx 1171 nw 
i wrjK i3» , ins oiflQ Sk inn inr d'jiiwi nniovi 
. diSem 153 mia vim nanyn n« 
1 n^ noawi na?inn , a'-tnra d*i?:x nuMn 
, n^trn rroaan nxvinn ten , msnn H n3 inn inv 
nonSo3 mm ispk .o'trwn .D'aianni a^vun cjnn ruoo 
"PaS D'3U ,mnro nnmfj ik mis;! 1 ? nmn , s'tttn n« 
fcpa ai c« *3 ( oniM-mwi ofranp fcipa "i« (6 "?i-ij 
jTOnac trapin .aaipaS -pao a'asprn ,D"innn onnan 
prw arm 'a-a en 1 ? up nsw , o ,- inn o'vyx a: a-aya^i 
nnnra nisVinn nnuon n« nyh nsh n»Ni traitsi a'ai 
op on 1 ; a'wai-ii myn aipo anoana d'J'bto .a'Dipim 
ity» jD'DaSi to'S n-syj nmn mrttn mravnn ,113a btr 
"Hinun lino nyo»nm nio "wye |ie'?»n n'jytrj 

.fflO 13ya T133ni 

F menne>nn m tSio ini'i -im» aninon xiseryaan 

-1331 f ni3iPnD3i m»Ji3 m ay nt a'WJKn wins* 
flvsn mmynnn njrevn nnn . nanitparrmisyn rw 
rrvmnn nywn nnn ,o"^3n aunn -63-6 n«an ,nByxi 
'Wan man 'tram tiki inx b jipno naniwan naaai w 
ABiwerrmuyntP iy , rnan^ vni3tsno3i vmwia -p bo 
. mwa nemtpo-miay . nym mo3 n^-wait nwya 
onaiyn ,crinBn bnt< nianp D'ayab a'xxia una* nttis 
flnwn maiaa caya^ . mita^ipn bv nu-nan nvinnn 
dm bin ,nD'ioa maa irt6 niBnntPnn bw rhvs\ nianpen 
cm nwn .YiiDD-'rfai ^at orp «in prp na oki na 
m'nn tx^ iTr nsx^> nvipo msoK D'aanna ,o"SiiaDi»tn 
*tiDH3 niD»Si ain^j w ornat? ^y nan'jD^ in d'jti wh w 













. n'Jitt'tiDii •iir 



'.o'D'pDttn ^tr ,bvab ,mrw dhhj brxtt jo'parrn^tj 
mzh nwu in«n man 'bjkip *ip , npin -p ^3 ten nvrrn 

^30 nian^i dtiti Q'D' ov ravb -poon nanon b». oyaa oyea 
dp innenap .niDipoa , Kirn nanon »r^B ,Dt? iv* nanan 
onnron mrun <ie3K d-bdwio , nyiT moa nrrm wi* 
ik , cmaa ffin oa-n Sp jbb6 on 1 ? nor xb pn dm , nn* 
jdio ^hj jiona moE6i ainS — , o^pRn "Kin ix ,nnn3 
ravb nrwo nxtn ma-ipnnn , (i onns d-d 1 "paa p6 
np'oyo K'n . pa^n ninnsnnS nVjuoi cam Sin Sawn Sp 
, mam Se> nurrtin am n* mrnoi n^U'Vion mann n« 
~T»a?^ jxvk to' nrrcoi didd 1 ? nano «nn ton nanu M'n 
. mrtwcn r.s>rmon 
M'n o'Snan D'ann snaoo mv fiia ractvn rwrnnn 
ri'nn , D'Kicn 'oatp Sxk 'a , jnr . na-ipn—Dirv niaannn 
napani nam on'Syo Dyne. ,;mn» irx nnflwcn mis abm 
onyinni o'ann 'o 1 , (» D'Kiiwn Siy dm ikd nunp ffoys^ 
Dinan .nwen mann 1 ? mw moa D'Sa'co o-'rrian 
dm . ni 07 n kism D'SSiano pir oipo-awpa o-aitfm 
Dyen nil? p'tnr6 law nnnani mn w vm cm m pSan* 
"B 1 ? ,0'iaij? iriKn irwn 'can vm dk in , D'^arrnSra anaoa. 
Sao dip o-anai anb "poon nana 1 ? on^iP nanaa , ainan arson 
V'ya'? iki -mo , navvi dm is , Kim nairan ^tV b& nvatrr 
rm:on nanoa nz>R o'i«n , (•n^TODiRa onrw o'Tpiro 
— , moan nanon nns awsn pixioi jayp npio niabn 
iwi nSxn D'niffflKn D'aaiKn Sao ntwvn nntci roflnnsi 
, nnn« cSoa , ik ttw nna Va -pro o'a^n-'Sian nayrt 

,S10 may „Amioong Cannihals" , f'jlnal 1 ! " 

. 114 iisv *B» (* 

, '« ITS „JoBroal of Etpedition m to Hew Boutii W»ls" l» 



wbv pie 

• rmurwn nronnm 



.n^on bv vieKn n:aica , diwt "je? manrr w n 
it jvmann-mBDm nrnanrrmann mnnsnn yjnw nya 
IK kS mann ion' B'O'pno rr^yiff ,**nn nniaarr nmon 
»iKn Sj-innc ,na^a brvw\ -iid 11 Sy noiSa .'aiyaw jdiio 
,rnia»no -pna — 'a'Bp'aio jawa dj dk *a ,mana nrr6 
Vjaa D^jan cwikhd -mi Trr Sa Sa> wiib*kipi vni»n 
rranya Tni "itp Sa T3' urn , npn nxm martn . n-onn 
-jni'on jcdh Kin ( man pi una D'O'prion camn j-ih 
enK-'ja to man p V-ian 1 : ibum va ^y icx ,pnaiom 
Tan mnna i»k , marr^n 1 ? mun . o'Tp^ya f>» man pi 
T«fQna nts-a^no ,j»id miva ik Bira tern miva a-wn nnm 
^yiaa iniotrinn niPK , bitu b k < v k St? mixa o'JOin 
iwrn mipina . tnsn Saw ok ikd nai moa nrjjjoi npojJD 
■jk nb ,Tmbifsh\ nnnvS yiua ,mann nyee'ia rwSm 
.•mann Sa»no a DK'a , irjiirnn D"yaon ownms 



moa nan nrK rryaon nnims to* ,p«i fin Saa 
/wki , bm nnK awS yaipb art? nnb Samp naa , n»ivn 
^D'Sia:! DTies d-hi-ij ,onnj djibS n^ia 1 wn ,nw Saa 
pm pK Saa — yiT mpo-pmna nro nt D'pSinD B'3»vn 
join icaa nuwn rnvmra 'mann maryian rhino rms 
,nentei an S»— D*oyB^ Kin nin Kspoi-yaai ,-nrp -wvn 
l» nw»n ns^nno am a"y , Di^p-nnai niTT bv — O'oyflin 
^nnjnD onntt Sxs . nan mrnoa nwtra niTTOi nrrra 
Juno ^y nronncnna hi«bm rsrsa , nbxn a"nn wna n^imn 






191 . n'Jl'ntJlDH "11D« 

•at ,rrtm»Ti ruinm in , n'fin'M-mnn \whn *3 , bidi 
•topn n-.Don nnWi a-p'pa on r6i6 D'onn arm nur 
bora u'k run lain dj bs» ,ywn nr6w 161 
irpnnon ik rvfliTK-rnn onaion D'num '3 , _ 
, bbsn ]D D'irev B^ayo D'ana na'jD , on rrtmtpvi ruia 
rwpnn patp ,ntai mVnn nvAncn .in« pu t^ o'pjx 
nnnra nipatpn iywn ,i"k "wppa miaSipm jitp^ni yon 
,-invD D»a mpnb nvitn jm , nrtputtn "n by itto nnaaJi 
-th . D"paan D'pTjn pi \n SnanS iw ")W»t ra "jp -ww 
C'jru :o»n wn invs p 1 ? nasi diwi .vjfvjk unjn 

nsto rrroaji mbnj mpee>n men nywn nronnm 
• wrfvn □"nn-'jps DirmaR byi oniBipn dtwttu ^>p 
•>:'dd irut bv batrm (]un innsnn nnannnn npawn nnn 
.B-inn ■?» 'pspIji «]ij6 rrri ,nrrp moa o'Ji^pn B"nn-^pa 
^30 n'jpD^ tn«n riK tbyn onnvan D"PUNn nwvrn 
ram y*23fk ntefl ib nrrrwiBma f o«nm^» Dpnnnnn 
/rpaon na^aon ^a rat dji , tpjipn D"nrr^pa vjva rut 
is?pj ik . vu«r6i lnaio^ :6k ^33 ccnE-n 1 ?! , vm n£pprw 
mnnennn bv izsmsTch o^tdidhi D ,,l ?aB>n a»wtta 
,n'3Eian n':an rnrvunn^ m»a io-u nbitn b^ijbh . /rssnatn 
by noom npin nnn <pan te nwn nsnwon ninnsnnm 
ninnanna . na-aon by duct ^o law , n^e-aon rm ya» nn« 
oMan-p^nm jwSn ranajr yra win naipn rwa Sstpn 
, mw-in mtPTK 'aStta mvyra mtvm nOTi . na vhm 
ci^pn bs ,toi "?3D jniK pt Mb ornn-^ya byv ib»m 
bv nwmi , nvauipun rwwitn ,p»Sn— nSwi o"E»iwrr 
ca-ipni nnoan ,nwicsn .n^non nnrpnnn ^» ,m^3Dn 
^nan ^laai , D^M-Slp-'?^E•^ wrA nm nannn — o"mann 
/wr — nrowi ^acn n«na ,D"nrr^p3 Saiso hid'i ^j 
, ny^isn^Hn nrannnno n«v» ,rt^nm nnvinn K'n 



"irpnrA Ton niBKir rn /room \unha ,nto -|crA 
man 'S by , mfan narntron jw^n . n op n ix -invn "wpa 
rniBD'nn ™ dj npir n-raai , nfirwDn rmcfrpn nx , 'pao 
•3 ,d*ji» o-pub tk «S mibk n^unn nrtenjun .nunmn 
(U^TOi rmraSipn ni^aon . nuip ninnaVip nubac^ dj ok 
O'viikd D'jcia nrnn , lrnia^ao *?j? nnp trim urow -iipx 
tV&'ppon o'cnnn Mamon o'ptJn iaa mvw nna , ikd 
rmabip »m , bvtb .n'pj'^isiK^en muAipn ,i«d« 
(m-EBi nuiE6) o"imSip nniD'Q mannw , -p? 'a 1 ? , naa-no 
d^di yflb ni op ni i^iann ib-n , d'-tto* o'ntp D'yw to 
to (mioani n«i» l ?rt) miaVip^ pjua oj pin xim , cat 
*a»p br ,Duionpn np"»K- , a»v bv r npn«ta *aj3 isar 
tw q't3d urns nTff nrvnaa .rMiwm n-D'JBn h'dk 
■u^ffiiKn oniaxn b» nnoom niaiip^n *pno run p'lnn 
w ns , - , :3i an-'aa ,o»~':a :&-wno*3 cp-mn Dwiah 
rru6fiD."iD nnsi nnx baa awio mat ,rat baa .d"ih 
■wx , ji^M |a o"im: can dwd nSxn nrtvun nviic^ipn 
ewinn D'pun nibts^iipn by rynb o-jsk: onpb irrpa vrr 
, a'jianpn uprnD 
pmaa miPDiTrTJi^Vfln bv rnvpnn npcwn nnn 
,pB6m pun nnns lai fsp na'tpn nrnaoviai n'jiSi^aa 
ahnsn nx ■6'exi ,D'oann m napo np nnx nx'an ik>x 
^a (Aaa ^ px pin je>id 'a , no'jnnn n^ , nnae" dtwohi 
mia^pn 13 ,nin'aio ub nipvm nnaipn .(iSpiea rwoo 
( y»n ?» ^paan iffpn na n« nwbna p*« manie>Dn \wbm 
.pae> jinx bp ntn nppn nx ropinoi nipina .nanS ,ok '3 
0"nSx ,^3-in *ab ,D i :nnna ,nnx pirta Dnaion ,D'»:Nrr 
on'-iam o;p .ana , i^aca-il , ;im ipn p bp mn . n^K 






„Le jndaiame comma raca at comma religion", Beaaa (' 
B The Rftcea of tho Teitamcnt", Sayce dji „Eiac8 and Tradition", 
•Him 10 Tioy Darmstetei 



in .n-aiSi'iisn »m»» 

nmvK-i nifrru nroo vhzh tworn icana 'mam 
,nvSaban moan ;u«n ,nv:r niSm ni-iaa vhvh* 
nvonaxn (Hrae'c^inn nnoDni nro naya nvBwoni ni'jnai 
, nm *iayD nrmnt 
/iiyn'n n« \i i hb» aittn rm n^nn nnoon myxa«a 
•a , '(nil? lain ynp , vti rrovoio iSvk lSaprui? , rnenrn 
,nai «S moa ,mna;i rofew niannm jiuipyi nwTHS 
o"n 'Sbai mo'ico nuios .a^iao D'Dbpo-'tid mi» 
, ruiDKn wm , mnsb , a n i u rrn may. q'dmds o^jna 
f a'caiwan-TTB nn-n D'lwwin a-iain S» nubon 
najro moa .o"JHon D"nn bta nn-n nvnann n'nani 
niennn nit^jini m'nyan ay nnaan lanaxn iid *njr 
coiaon 'aiy : u"n , □"man d ' a n y "? nrnS tot naSnro 
, amain , yp"ipn , aet?oni iprn nn , rrunm run ^» 
. trruam nvoowi to ,D'ODian 
/vniavi ay oya qj?d ruftna nVttn nnaan nmo' 
D'O'a TJrwfc n^nnntp , n ' -i 1 a a ' n n moon ^t? emwk»« 
T3T ^>y o^Dun D'tp^nn rise -ant ,a , Bit?fln amaano ann 
ay irra ,nyBE>n t»mi .mpirn ninKa an'tpyai an-my-nitD 
, m«n *?& mnon m^annn Sy n'myaon ntt , jwSti ytii 
o'yin rmrfrt no-up , B'jiiwra D'awn nntann 
, peo bz pK , nWHPH rrmt^n nwm^ p dj na-ij , o^irn 
nippa DJTW a-nityp pn6m pun m o'Dipia invn a-;a?a o 
nntt pe6a o^a Ten nnun man mW ]awa ,i* -mm 
o-yun nvnsnn rbvmv finna Sax f nsniPDi mni'D 
maipnn nay» , moa . ntn prtnn man jnmn nina^m 
ini' reftena papains T3.9 nanen .rvvruwn ,11 nrw it 
n« ne-p "WW ,i£-pn ^n ir rnea ,nui»n rrnuVittA inn 
■jmse paftra ytan m ipk ny ,«|unren ^n ( p»Vn ytafi 
ins hi anoiyn ,nra ni dtoji a ,l ?ia3 anan «arS a':e?n 
manp a'cya^ anain vn inttn yt:n T^' .invy mwna 



. zhvjsv D'-itMn bz Dj7 mr *:nn -cpa *wp nvi iS'm n 
,rnaiKn mponn nn mr "jris dikh mtm nun rwoxno 
tfn vivo Kin '31 , vj rrvefn \zch nvrb o'a'ino onrm > 
yu» 'Kan u»K Kins' ma , o'lt^na innz njnb yuA 'am 
ie-jh . .Turn ray D'anrwon , m«n 'a nana inna nyfc 
rSy pam vnnva laScari , Dixn S» run 1 ? ntn jiiiKa ,-wyi 
• nuon -jb3 
mSyo n i a e> n ^iy nSy nun njicsn newenw '-rw 
nanpn nn noiun jnao 1 ? ikd ipmoun . no'ipman 
n»»n FttTpa "i»K ,yaan mro "inn ■hip nt*n oy mnro 
.jnnwn iov nyi inn 1 : 1 'ons crwn bet mow ntps o n v?n 
-ma ni'Tfisn nw lovy Sy nnp 1 ? iaaS n« aiy nV ornn 
icxy nyi Sy ,v> iSun iW o» -iinaSi ran -pyn-a-n brm 
OTitsan is^Sa 'ttb hk ,ninm ivn am po tips 'Sai 
i3*0'a *ny o'Kvia urns ,nrn nanS yjiia O'jsS amii vrw 
it mpmiDi nun? nva* ^rte/s , bvab • a-xion 'naff bit* 
: nin amen ai kS jei 'ifS rpnn FSTHBVi'Bi » 1l3 5 P K3 1T0 
CBDKna n'anpn vn , nana ny nwa rvrVvn nnvw , nyeo 
^pan nvpa Sinn by nen o'anpno inn j nrtK naoaa m* 
, mil »aj by mw , o'nts a"n -, Sya bv nvnx n»a -WN 
jin'n km , n-vSn yru Span mna nmiv row iipk , jwra 
; mpoa 'ibn nc jrn nain . nS'n ns iNip na»a n»K , rprm 
-npnexa ninn . (» ronnn nsrycS 3»nj lovya mpan Ssk 
nniK ran t»k ,rrnn dip m lb nnpS jnu ran nuwtn 
,'S"?3n Jnsan 'e 1 ) , dv ibk , SiTJn mm ai'3 laiSna ™i»k^ 
. (» rmaari ny iS Kiaa 
0'3'jyn Sa rw i^aa ma'pan ( n^Kn nwvun 'Jio ne/v 
b^vn T"3 ua™ jfiuimpn n'lPUWi ni3nn Sb> D'flniipan 



, GS l\af , „Totemtam" Prswr (» 
TO „N, Am. Indians," Cotlin \ 51 map op. oil, ,EVast>r <> 

,8G nioy,»» 



187 .n'JlSl'SIDR 'US' 

ni *pj "jinS dvb niDJa:i »tibd *Sa vntn 'smas nipin jrr 
cm? atm aip2 nnan mm njioicn , -intt «]ii -|ViS bj?bt 
DTKn iS tv nnyecn nnn ,D/wn S3 sSs tub o'pioy 
■pna D'sipvn , B'SSyi mnn ntfSa nSa^ Sinn '3 , uroia 
nrrniaipB n« D'S'Snam tiwi ramoa o'jnnn w n^un 
tbi: -pnS wanS nSia* ^nn-Sya »ej» jama , nS« oy nSx 
tPDorrn onain inx "jmS ojanS nSia' mnn ^bji , qik bv 
■nnaS m«n n« w*tsn ntowi nuioum ram Sa . 'ct 
nSnj n«T3i ncio nnS nnnnemS , D'nan Sip marean 'aso 
laaa dtkh fenm -ie>N3 , nSanai nmaa JFPJB n* -ifiaSi 
, vry ijjSi iw D"nn narr'Sw mwrr^a vn«S i»ua nwjrt> 

. jvtjnSi niaioS : dyw!? mpSwn vn ninwi Sa 
361 Sjr wipn vrartn Sa»n atpn -hew , vniarnoa 
nvrani niBt?n p -ie>n ippm crrn nan Syi niacin S i j ^> a 
Sasn ran , nio laya *amwi Bi»n 'pSn ys) nta i3j?e 
yjua ihb nroan nmnn nuiaN nw-n tS <:impn *mann 
. a"iraan iraxjm Sty rrawn nipSnon Sn manni Trwi cm 1 ?- 
ja^nnS nwnn n« vS nana men-mum rVn Ktfoa mSancnn 
( vjntfjwa mirai ,wpD3 mpnS Smonvi wmpn mm 'a 
niB» impa 'ai ^D'anaam owSpn □"nn -, Si?a ^ya nx 
, bit nwwm d'jpici D'G'p'n nnn -|Sm mn inarn*i iavj?S 
iS trip irwi inn Sa :inx jn:aa B*pnna D-sisn Sa 
rnaa lotpsnj »D"i:a„n . nay w eyi? it* rm im ae>3 
BPwn- , » '3 , aS Sx na^a , o'lS'n Sxk dj nua nan 
-'Si?a S» niaE-a can D'B' "jlPOa onS D'Kmp rn D'naipn 
"\o '3 , nin tsti nx dj aS Sn ua^a , iai a'navi D"n 
nwua nnron iaya 'sS -inn Sa o^sppna rn ciiaipn omi 
,nmya ,a';i£> D'TT^pa Sc D'jipa ,twi» msiy ^w* 
n:poa pi 'a , rmai «va: in , maiy-mainai d':l"3 , ctffma 
vmaE-na n« latvna nnw vmth ponpn mm *jsS nrvn nnn 
bbo ibvpS Kip ie-k , Bittn . vSn nSnri tnwvi nn 1 nnK Sjr 
w tP'jnni nspDa iipjn natfa vSy rA»w 'a , j'OKn , m ws% 



••pVu □ , 3tri , n ,iunt bv wmsn •nap bs bts a-vm un» 
^inn ';a Sy men nrp3 can -mi* atx ,o o*airn nmwi 
■wo ,nwi fttv .wots nSitn con otsfyti ,^m m« nft 

ran -pro itpyj nijrrp nnivi myir d'So . (a o^iro ma 
nit , ana cone-n 1 ? jnvn ,.ot«S ounun ( DW3bi treof 
•pro pwirft , nan psj ay -irai HBtaryjos roS nte' 
nSwr rmsiya . nan raj n*nn iw« , D"nn 1st "jservhi 
fWFonrrasm npo n« , 'tanDitn w\m -npo nit B'sn i;mi 
. SD231 ivy3 niBM-nn^Mi niiBcn 



- 



^3' tb csin ,, n3 ponnS 'Jiaipn aixn Vnnnt? jrao 
n*6m two ivju rm man . o"nn ppS man nx yvrb ny 
—cays'? ,.-nan n-3 bya mnsno SPEJnie ,nmannS 
.^3 $3JW*r6a ^otS — a'ayaSi -ji-ik jai 1 ? 
*wk ,»' '3 minSi ixhb n'n tmk o'3n onpo Tina 
■»B3 , no jot -:sb nnm natp new nrw rrtm 'jr na» nnn 
Tn»n iun -prm nttn' nnn ics , en , ^3jio™'r63 |ct*t jwwi 
n'n (n;r,5 ,( ?f npirm na-nnn mpos . wri ^un imS no:3n 
. onntt dw i»03 o'oys^ man std^ nan 3V23 nmj span 
rnsS ir: rrn pymn in prps^es), n'rsj.v^in mpoa 
*a ,ix nVinn *>» nwi n» 3ip 'jrmn nvn '3 ,^3nbort 
Tip D'J'dnd rh» ira'3 oj . nyn mn IP* T n^ina nhVf 
tin, "ipk ,ip"« «n pjiffan '3 ,nyno onysjn pann 'e>m 
,"inyio ny' ttin„ ttB3a3 a'trantpa u^s laniw , "innyan nyi 
tiwtp nit?flii ik ninnn *3 , msn pawn x's , njiattn 
y?33 *3i , o'jeA ikx' ana ie-k , D'sun ^w man 'irw o'a 



M E(wearche8 into the Eary Biitnry niT'B r nn 10D3 "V (* 

. 139—119 'tsy ,'i pio ,of MankenC* 
^rimitivo i Wfl nosn n'ffMn n« ma aitn ieip:'D 'nn (■ 

.4 vsy ,'r -is .CIvillHtlu* 



is:. ma*. ?*,**«.&« 'iie» 

dj nrnS nSia'n ,roaipn jD'Sji ■fca fi"6 jnvn ,rnn 
loaoa nnr d'oeti -anaa -it?tt ,o-ien jO'oa qj two 
on a'aycS itpj* , Dvimn ; netwn Sy iffK , SSpn Sx inn 
cwao on D'aycSi o-yi o"Sno nxifn w yaw dixS awaa 
ueu nSxn D'lann Sa — , tpospn; plan , nym ; man nx iS> 
a'lno xin nrx .o'xiui a'ptn erwa 'Jionpn Dim vpa 
tww nvnxai nmaa anus nx nsaSi o'O'n Sa ono una 1 ? 
niiaini nan 'SyaS jnua nciy xin -wxa , nyjani -naa b» 
, mKrr'ja aipa -atrtt 






*tf> , nt?x , roan nx 'jienpn o-iwn nsi can anpoa 
wyS nnenoi naSin , oixn bv ibu oy mwp K*n , S'jtt 
r» opus oyea nm warn -nsS mirt inxsa ,*iun Sya 
nay itPK ,mcipon Saa oipaS oipao iop may "iit>x ^vn 
nay -wx ,np»a yu ,( ra nrnpo Sy map new d» x;n 
tnxn Sya bia:n F ron -van mrn frn no ,iaipa Sy km 
mwpni aixn Sip mj& r&vn » s i n xS ax , lay Tainan*. 
nxpoa vSyo rmsnn itrx , is -wpa , Sum ••sh , ioy 
own ^ptrna i noxy "osa o^n nyrv nys? -jtraa nS frnja 
mt?a Kip ny . rrpfp nrwH iSjp " , :s , „n nx nm a-an Sx 
•ytp„n .annn nayo rSx aw iSip nv. ,manS St: Sipa 
vinonS ,Snj pmo Sy uoo pmnnS xisx Sjido rm wis* 
. iSp iSipa nn nx raa natSi vjt ij:o 
ni-it mapDB '-pS oixn nx mwin nxtn mSanonn 
j'jy |na kixbS a-Sia' mann npw uhjk ipk fnuwai 

ntr nrw 'p 1 " 1 ^ 1Dtt ' nJ 1nnl I?yn ■ 1: ' JS ^ " ffl,i,lj " I - :iJ1 ^ 1 " ,a 
^jimpn Dixn Syk nSapnj nio . j'yS mrn *nSai *n 'ami 
( niaipm vsd k'vid mNn ntpx , anain *a , mown n:paon 
fflm 'pSno D'pSn on oj o:n , lavyS ona unip mn "ick 
na'StP iS bp nan niat? n»t yivn fwn , nisk pai , vn-nn 
Twin njiosn oy . nan S» 'jran iwvi 'pSno im pSn S? 



r-an rw nun m»n mi D'oyeb ban , inw axy -una ittp 
«oicn ^a arby ib^ t6 vmbiyei wi *ii?tt ,np airaa 
Vjtti avano vryb naip "mano inn ns nun rrn o'oya^ 
cvy nm iV«a ib ro-u wi ,nm rnn axon bit 'yanm 
-irra twi wrab byi man byo ttwu rw-u-'nbai pi 
una onaino o^it? covy ■>:» djckh . runnm nccn ay 
fea iba»a mynnb wrn nam n«m nbwpn iin«i b» 
o-iNn I'Dinr moai ,mn nuiDn nyern nnn oyci oyi 
•pwa Kiabi nin p'tnn nnn by man'no ait?nb yioipn 
*inr injn by imn bapru fl moa , vnvw by man oy 
*rwn ib npb n«in rnyumn punb namtn nwm n* . mil 
.•pti 'ca icxya Kin lb rap "ib*k r rnUHH "im T,ino 
oik i'K ipk , nbxa nwin wira mm 1 ? ib ,-np «b d«,t 
jnabi -rub i 1 ? mp «b osn ns-a 'rya onw nw-ib bia' 
bm-o rrn jicn ibuw ny»a .ayim nvwai nnya iaibna 
jnjmn 'ba iaae»n by 
nnn by nHTWi manm Tn-n batra mbu nin joitta 
jnwpn cfun in nnn nvw by , manrr^n nnn by , o^n ovy 
■una 'nojb vbya nannb i"aa nbjiDam oixn but ipjn oy 
.inns ovy 
,ewsn 'Jioipn pmn 'pn 'c by ,rt^nw Pirn jseiana 
ra: *i»« , mun nn a'aainn D'lain ba 'a , moinn nytn 
oaipa D'KtPiin ,fiCR3 o"n o ,- iai on ,o"n b& d^O'd cna 
,iaipa nb« ba n« mun kb» ntwo ,ni3B*nai mtui men 
ocipD ntt o'iB'on Q'oann ba wa rwtn nspBTin-nnpio 
n* rrbyian , D'liDa o^n-^yaa 'Jii'nn ninoa D^E«ren ik 
n«T3 iba obiyn . prim mann nysien nnn orrnibiyfl 
rn nbwn nmrrio D'nnn ; marr^ya d'hi 1 btp bn: fiapa 
o-Tbtt ffw ^aa Brae by nayb bia 1 mNni o'^bni d^ob 
jinwnbi inaiab ma ccnt-nbi ib nnis nayifb dj ik a? 
tijo wst maa D'pim cbnj vn onns rai onir 'ra* 
.^nj naai ^^cl ttiia niffji msn ab ns \»ba iv>« ,b'j"n 



^m 



* .} ( *jimpn vnann Sawn bv nbttn nixTxn !» 
awrom -wvn nn "an by , nsmcon ypnpn wi by .tkth 
tunpn -on 1 rm by .nyatram y\xbwn "an by f mann yt 
«*ui rronn "n by hit jbs lbys — .namron n-nabip 
T1D3 .ff'JIDn D'^n-'TID be duieti nmun ninner! 
jUMprrfflTrb niymn nixn'xn nbiys nbnn nnbw D'ji 
\itrtco DiEoriD D"jnon D^nn-mo ix-ai nnyaen "y - 
myjun , ntrrun nbiya nnbjj nnn« ; (ssi -noy itIbsA p 
bViysb ib'nnn m nnx fffl , cViwan o'TTcn iwrflt 
■no' by crtDi'm fO»rwn o"nn-mob rnjttwi nwTH 
.ninnoi o*3b3 , Q'b'bjb rannn nipbm 
riewen mx'TXs vnarsi baon poynn n:n ny 
pi pnsi ]na tan . irivtan □"nn-'bya oy ait6 msnwi 
manrrbya nmrn nx tmepon , o"iidtii cme-an D'Dnvi ; 
in wrjo D-ixn oniK nun ■»* ,o"iDnn d'xxdct obiy c 
ntpono -inx win nrxa onw nmb id 1 ? ix lyavxa cms bt 
. ib t»k Dwriri bwi 
o'tttan nns by nx «b ztrnb mxn b'nnniM Sax 
mm by oj dk 'a , wilantwA nniDon o^tniD 
inn 'ry dkhb inpsa in , ibw n 1 , o ' 1 a n n 1 k ' v s 
.obiyo EPta mtoa it" «b onioa twn , D'enn nwtn nrc 
niKH'Kn mix by ms'-rx irnnb ib-nnn ipuwi baa 
n i a d mix by ; nvsm D"nn , pmn nns by t ] * y 3 
D'byian DitTum o'bnn mnan nnipo /jjQWn ona-v 
noiyn ,amm Wan obiyn n,in bx pin onxn .yaa; 
.D'lfinno nbyob 1 
( D"oi3H vnniD'b iovy nx nn:b man b-nnn m pi 
BitPB -inx ovya oixn 'rys e)ijni mtpnan vn nbiy 'i 
vry3 cTDn van nieu vn obiy 'D'o . 'D'js Von ^3 ' 
bbss man vn , vnan ibya i^x , nibiysn ; iaub iidj ]vc 
D-L»iy viai is vnibi'-s vn "spx ,c*nni \b» vnuiyBl 
naienoni «)«n nanna d^ys oj 'a , Tyn Dysa nysa an 1 ' 



, crnon oti — 13b r» \rtta om xb o'vronn n^nn-mo bv 
o'anp-nnuit by Kb vbvno ret btrni mie BTeb "Wit 
, capo nbuo »ttp &vM by □» '3 , crabfli ninno by Kbi 
nan by nwiwiD .cyn by o-nrn D'btpioni vm onaiyn 
innero TO3fi nwn npanb nwoeon ,fffimrnn nrmrn 
DvabnD pap ,nwm mam nvjirnn nnwn ba B«b bk!> 
o'Dmn ixan "naam ion.T\Ttpy ,nyo»oni ji»b»n wa'a 
.{itrrrun DWJKni o^irion dwjkh p ">»tt 
ororm "•i-vh niyjun , niflnwon niK'vttn -|ina 
,nnnvon nratmi nnivn Tina (Omatp o-jwn trraym 
Tiffin -pn3i rwiynni Tiaan nwn nyan neabnn pa» 
niBnitPon nmv.-ii ntiPTKn vn nmyyona lew ,nB,-npon 
nbim nnswn ne*bit> *]ina — "inb ihdi mitb dikis nnooi 
D'bnsan rrntm ,{ ?nnn avoa ixxdj -na neuwi nm bp 
m i to b i p n D'join -pais nnni dhd *wk f ErTwsm 
tratwiOD nbxn nmDVi nx irm vnann batpn . nenwon 
nam ,-mubip 10311 , byian axo b« nan avco , iwn bit 
Bfotpti -m ba by d'bvi -wds noDnnn n»« , mns-nKboi 
jE-ioa . Dim "ns awm bi-u -mvn pjyb rrnni cpukh 
,*b2B>n jyun ret tnti-i urns retm nBrnffDn-n-nabpn 
, tipnon nwrwi nns cjotn -wona nnnan: una it?* 
,nnv3 mai&nn 
*on'3 'iSnn iai wn nenwon nvnann n-nabipn 
nnjia nenwon miobipn wa .mann ie™ b» naipn 
bwt pn bbaa D'sno unw nmic "raw ,n£3nitpnn pefln 
■th ;a by , roip 'orr bv "wpa btp3 ciwpn d'e-'jh 
. qftrnanp jwia dj? ix -itppa iwp nemansn n-naibpn wia 
ono -i»w (□"'jaB-n D'ry^n om« vn nbxn Qij»ion ij» 
. naipn ion' by o^ovon , ranerr^ 'no , nmni6 ,innenj 






\a , TTJlSi'licn wom Di) "mans d'jbimti 



n*6 ,innenj 

CJtD (> 

.'- ? ^n / 3 



r 



niinoa .wnv nnp -2703 ,D'3unni npun bv nnynr 
D'Tirr^pat? idsi .irjpm wiano nrfc jnj w ,nnp* 
on -»« , pm nipyo Sa 172 Sidj DiSirnS oyai ope ^33 D-ano 
*i»k , d*:okji Q'aiD OHDr6 'aicnpn ffisn dj nan p ,D'e»iy 
Kin ysnt? iiaani njttarn ninix iys m« nsT^ja ipp* 
twyn nw ui'ana nn^ -spaia rrci k 1 ? rwi dikh Ssk . nsa 
mnan n« rm»nfji , otsji D*ViaJ twiaVi hutiegS npijRn 
v -Avi "ob .n^N ay rhx wiwn D"»i3Kn numparn 
o!>» inx cyy 1 ? lovy rw a»in mn in nc« ,nn« nsipn 
a»n 'Jimpn mun . o'D^s atytan bz i3ipa piw , awei 
,Vi3nn "?3 .manVi iayyS yjua nttn morion n« mn dj 
.moaa ^nnn ppn ,i ,- ian pan ira wipn crwn ran tbk 
w 'lira na ^ya ,nwn nsptffnn mipjo ,rrn inn ant 
mcointrni rwjinn ninix ran 1 ? a-nna rm nrn Dijtm , jop 
mo 1 ? jD'-inKn cwsKfi iSjmp "»* , miarr^yso ntno? 
onDn ns trpa'ji immp' ie>n ^3 bn arrm rabb , DnyctPoS 
ins din ;D'yiTn D-yYoxn nxE'21 anatPHi nuno nirana 
.mjtfj , nbh fm run m«m ^mrAai Sru n3 byz nfl 
ay ion nitpy^i warn 1133 nwis 1^ t?i-i-6 r «w6i npeS 

.D'TiK 
■jp niK'Tttn 'mann !?atM iW?n»n n^ttn DUBnono 
.nnpaoi .Tiann wofife D'emtpon ,onnvon oTjpn lai 
m 1 ? ni aTorra DTTuani D'rnJDn Sp niainm man nsn ^y 
rwn nyan 1 ? mtpotpon , nnnvon nms'nn nnren in ' 
nr mann nt^n nn iivp i^kh niK'TKD .ffinjmm nasr 
D'jinnni a-2rby bv npbnab mann np^nnn n»* nn« r " 
w:yz D'smwon ovapn nai ^y flwnwn vrw \bws 
onvna nrS ra onw mitppo nrnon nAnamni nunn 
B'jPHin D'jwiDa . nn« ma ^pa d'ip □'»:« -una u'spvyo 
D^nuom D'JTuan ^» niainm nvain nnK ^y cmisam 
cjdj nrw innena ono i»k (D^icttin D'yyun 133 ikxw 
wn Dieai bx— mann "na D'^iiN'en omon a-ai 



Dp jn "upk , ninspan nmj* nm nmorm rw — ,Dpn 
^pbn nn fn njnv K*n 1*0*31 , iworyjoa nwa nrwi nbi« 
, pen ba I'm bs« . onym ninnon , D'aben rw — n j ' t d n 
owtcn vn , rwaci nnannnn by nay ipit , o'Jatn baa 'a 
nnratn *wpa nnwa o'-wp mam man baa tmnvon 
b» mniwn ,ronpn ■•arv n»pa ts-nd mns »b rwion 
jn a; mjnv miabipn numa n'nnna D'loiyn trmsn 
, IDvyb pb nia'twi niypipn pi \tvbv niypnp pa btnsef) 
nbNn niypipn by pb wo nptm niaia rtrrao p iimt 
urn urum ,p'by jnbi "natpb ma^na joity ntt nisanm 
niiK by nbwi o'senon nnnnn jtipkt *a , 1313 psa D'b'Do 

. ryanwn rpiiBD'nb ionp» , D-pimn D'iarb n3 , » ypipn 
tnttn nnanb rn» ,0'bna "imvi a'smcari trriyn 
; nsmtpon ruiim nsmtmn nibMrmn be> nbtt on , nmeiprt 
yimpn 'rrann bsipn 'a , moa to 1 by a'bnnb ater urum 
»ai -ib>k , trbj-inn rw nuwum vnrrpn tu nnn o'jsn 
&fltw*bya ay nnn nma by my nays own omn lb 
pawn bab nia^a t*np vnann barn '3 ; ininnsnn -pia 

i ib cryiTn D'yvasn baa omx pna^i pna*i nb«n 
main niTpnno ibv« ibapn» .omwrn D-biaan a'jiPion 
^bbsb vrri ni cy nt mnoa nabrui ibibw nbun nmn 
om»t 11036 3'n Trrn oinn new , D'p'nai D*a'iDa D"n 
, bban naiab vbyaoai vnwbna 
pixan erwn rwi ,my3 navy mann nnvw ,o'e'a 
, bban naiab onaaji D*bn; o'pya nciy mann nt* rnmn 
ub n« i3tPD*i 'Jitsipn Di«n seaa b™ n33 winn -ww 
, urm wk nina p3» bisnn isia ni3»no aiambi bancnb 
*DH3n asDna lay H'an man . D'jmjoni D'rnjDn 'am nana 
nnm*a rnian na ^bycaa byennbi E>J^inb p»an *ik 
O'm'n mnixa nbsn a-bysab yjua vrwsn n« yanbi 
rm ysa ':iaipn aisn nm D"nn -, by3b nana .o'tswa 
niyuns maim run 'bys 'jsb inuT in imaamBn m»JT 



><3nbi 
raws 
ni»Ji 



179 ,n*ji"Mtiibn »Tib» 

'Bisn trttn nptnr6 nWaa riD'aca mannr ,nuSa.DO 
rrana nessna 'man yipn mai . rvBTfln npinn /in n^aic 
by : "inva oik 1 ? o'xin:n , o'Vyion imam ty jtjid' ] 
.sninn 'a ,<kt6 anp .pesm nzHbon-^bz r bben ,a^a^ 
'Sya^ ik b^iuA ni:no rai n^wanpn m»n 'ia ur 
ninnsnna Try rr ai aiiaS rrvi ,oain3» Bhutan nam 
o'Tn' D'B"^ iwjb mznnv ,rn:naa 'Toneri ppn 
iAru nrrnaa 'B-ian ppn p'jn *pnpp .rrby D'a^ai 



^nnnn javoa warm feea iB'pnn nvsnan nwrtn 
-mo jffflmffD o^ay ,nsniWB ypip bv wwa mwa 
. nfifiitPD mis^ipi D'smtPo o"n 
D'p'ino D'Dannt? ,ijb nfcna inr nw mtab naa 
mann pai n'jicnpn mann j'a ,^jm 'o^ ,oViara na 
wi nvjicipn nnann 'a , maim mytrnn iid - ' Sy i::di but 
-'ran ^w nnwp vfta , ipa-nitiM B'anp b^ms St? nnan 
*?a nnwp nnan jn ismi te nnanni ,yvv f>ajio hoik 
nnswon •ntopi o'anpn w t»k , ttttb no-iK San Sk nrw 
D"nn-mo '3 , a^nan , mw . ip'j? »6i Sea j^xh p 
o'ihto b'disb *jb6 oSiyo ipbnna Dixn W /lupinen nnana 
nu^B unott B'y-tv nana 'a ,kvi nyaia rutin naSnnn) 
, ibiki vi3T rw ik3d ( (mann bv o^nn •moa d'dibo 
ffijfrisi by rfapoon nSme, (D'oiean 'jb>b in«n *t>b ,'a 
lit inK aat? »v^' nina niS nt Oirorv niyyaita 
niyxcita orrSy nSyis im f ••sen 'eSi "nnK nnetso 
,(i»nn« mno ik pn *a»i» *nna n6 nr on-wi* 
a'Jiaai o^no an , Brmai omiM oMaioii , nSitn a'Tairi 
•pSn nM nyiv m»oon rvm trowmn 0^3 . rmn bH 



,*2 rt , Ancient Society (* 






airn "un by unana n?yoS irwa kmg ,mn roAaan 
mnapi o'ini*o D'oira'ii'H vn» nwamn , 'Sterol 
'T*? o-jarn -^ana b'ioi m ay ni btlts o'cStp o*vnan 
c-Ttn-'Sya niiana ny mSi: nubaon . niianrm wiMnti 
ni^fijnn bv D'tpo 'aSx? nrnn jSsit nnnflrui a*3iai mm 
-'up 3^32 b-hjudh ninan nn lpmn iox , iJwernSfljnm 
, fifinworrrniapn niyvwta nm 1 moa nnnan: mn , Spca-i 
rnam mjwona •nrrai ,rraflD'Dn 'twii D'anwon o-ywyisM 
run 1 ? cma' mann nana mm inx Hz nina 'a , iTarnsr 
. mann nam!) yn Saa 
kri&Onta nuSaan *j»io ipSnnn ,onain yaa 'a? 
*>a no*3 ira'3 iVax mruiDn ,ni9ru mpSna tip? onttna 
i omvi nx cpSna anaiSan o'eonrni? , npiSm npi?n 
. 'aiBn p:pn ramp *wim nan ramp win 
inxi inx Sa tz: m 3E>in aixn!? (parrnzmp ffina 
'ra'3 Sa:ia n*n , ny-b 13 nyjS px isrx ,emp naib inane 
^aioa n\i 'jioipn aixn . npim m» pnrona *jiaipn aixn 
,,-inx mana ray «]rinimsn nan ntc , ts'aa ran n« 3inx? 
patom , nvB'jfln wiuian by ix nin nann ntno by ixstrtrb 
« mann SWj iaiy nx Tan 1 ? , nopii nxrn 'jso mis 36ya 
16 ,nxrn mann "na pSn npS xS liffx ,na:n trjcn Sx 
Wl k 1 ? naan «m , nSxn nitfjin nx 'Jiaipn oittn 
■nanamx nao in*o letr iiex ,aixn .SatSaa rrya an? 
Jim omay nx vSy nSy lnnya *3 , srxna nm ( ifnw| 
*ro nyi lnnmro -ex , aixn . mann 'ipjx So br ass-jrn 
imus 't?3K nan So -2 ,nui3i -pio n\i ,naj trn nrx 
lya i;oa apmmi a-isn pm bn nyn wnb , miy? ^ wia' 

nprwrrtpin irnso nnam -;»« ,'Eian ppn. :»ia 
?pn ( D"nn _, ^y3 Sin my mix o'twia unjx icx ,aiE'an 
c"*xn» , n y ' 3 n a : nniD' 'Jtra *:iaipn ^tcvion ?a^a lamo 
w noa a n 1 , na? 17 n3in nw yam -ai nrn p'inan 



fi mm n w nryian niassn iica in:inw ,nwpNn | 
man i»h ,nr^j0rn mwrnm .panpn ontn te m»v; 
,-wo t; pwwai "isoaa niaya m ,]'2-pn crwn n 1 ?: ■ 
o'dj inrn nan^an""M«i a^an tutsans nnhnb it;* 
,a-oann ts »rn mya '3 , p-wa rpa -i 1 ?'^ .^lien . d' 
.arias popirn 1 ? pirn '-ram -nn-^'n 1 ? cisn hk c::r 
BWM D' T T'^ a ,nrn tar ,oai onn« ttoip una - a 
a^aw — Draa ^i? d\xyi2 dh -en , n'taa on qj trffi 
JTT33 o-inttn imrrriya pi o-ittn pa 'rnann ■ a-bpt 
tm orient hh&h jnT na^ mn pi D-rant? no Kvi rffl 
ont6 K-pj dk noun Sk inr anpna p *?j?i , Braon cb: 
nuwenni nvbjnn 73 73s . (lo^a "ixi'n vrnjya 
a^ianpn owa mxn n?j irsi wran new , 17*1 moicsr 
7tt intcn Dnxno noo: ( nai6eFi *jbi6i nation ^bzb yju: 
'B7«7 npn pj77 win rnann wk ana ipnaji unaa ,';» 
nn«7 rtrnni rnann ^'K 73 7Stt lbapn: p . D'Jitr dt 
, mn na-n bn a*7 o*»7 irSy , nantin to 73 . Stan 'rj| 
pi mmaj ipjtj -1:1:7 . *mann tarn nmaa yvr p^?n : 
nuoKn kVi ,nuD»na nwirm nvcnian mnvir 
'jsa mansn *a , am 'a by , dtow «nj« p 7jn , n a * p a 
niantsai niH'TK 7» piv oiao vhv. nnt not] 
vairpa ,»nn onttn ^a»a D^jnaon (D'^jh 
pxDtta mpoan 'ta nuaxn ovp naipan ,v 
Tm , wn 7K nnut idid nn»t taffm? rtjwa pn nn 
.nmyn7 — n 



nmit wy» oiaa oj ai jai ny hjihs nn'n ni^aan 
nyaj ia»» pipan .natpnom ni^anonn y:yb rnann w» 



. e i : < -i ' j «i .e 



S91M 



im pi ,'V?an orjpS owy'i onix ipna'i una 1 ! mann 
anno 1 ? niiBwin oysa ru'nni u oy u n*?»n nwTxn natoj 
, jot bs nry cx-ipj tr^yion o'-iain px '3 . -ie>yn 
T3D n 3 S , niW'icn Dirnuirn nn r6j tpk , tr'xn p"W 
^a nxin noxn nx eyas rrouipun laan . oaiy nK y-iiM 
,C'S*yiDn nnn oiao xin -itryn 'a ,o-iaxa icmn pvm 
nh , o'"inx Q'Vyia onaia omx *frnrt> D'bia' utok new 
,*wy^ irva qwxbti tr^yian main nx o'&iy a ' fl ' b n n 
yiy nx nym mao marine" , "pyrrman dm *3 
iMWRTi nyea nysia nxm "pyrrman .a^yicn ana-in 
Jibrrns rw pawnai nyia miBn 1 ? o^-nno o-!xn-j3u> nye»3 
, n*?x d; 1 n^x , croix npsDrn on 1 ? n'^yion , Drvyxom obey 
no '2 1 : D'3isn npacn 1 ? o^yion cyvaxn nx -nobi 
orav ,Q"rmtm wssa . inx ^a mca .TDin'n Dnivnj 
rrn , ni 'inx nf o'sian , ram -a 1 ? , c'xa ayim yawn vn 
Bnann yaotff 103 , Snj invn na3 jrain 'jy 'ryia nuiran ysw 
-ie-x , swn inm nam nuiton ystp tx rrn p "jyi ,3'no 
. train bv o'Vyr;n nna-in -noa pawn oipen nx iS np 1 ? 
•oana , Snj ysra nuuo x'xon 1 ? V? jiksd it i«w ,e"xn 
nvan yawn nnx . Snj invn iiaaa mann ^a ':e ^y 
ornrx ix o.-naa ins -ntw , onn D'lain "jiy n« inva mann 
np?3n &sn om , Ti3ani nU'Oirnn nimN 1 ? D'atrm on 
ffran (T^»n njnaa pii , ovarii co'ipann ,non^Ba 
• D'ltnnn D'a-nrn npssarh o-^yion onain "py n« mann 
!?» ityn j»i^r; -.p'ya Sia; xS nn 'jioipn "iipyn-wio 
nyn 'B 1 ? .D'simn n'S'yian o"i3in ^3 nx ^pn xin ,u»r 
^npn TinDmVisnrm nu'eirnn , nvpn nyynn ^ziib ,bnpn 
13-inn-j moa . a'linnn D'aivn ripsona *ipnn ix nnnnnni 
npwnn nx Dixn 3^3 i-niy iipk , mam "jins Q^iarn 
moa — , O'i'ivon O'trjxn ay nnnnnni Snpn -]ina i*dvh'? 
. atscnni -p^n , amnni -ybn ww Jffia ^^^ » 
'Jioipn 'mann ^arn ^ nnnsn r.raiiipsn nwrxn 



nnywn nx ,rttebwan nnvwn nrtKi rw 

n« , rnteSioDn fnonwn miywn rat , nAnSinnn maw 

,nnrn niDitntn nnypn n« , rni?M nianttn nnj 

. mWnnon nimo-iKn nnyspn i 



*Sa , ]n vnann ta»n te nurrwi pa inva niawnn 
na'p nSKn rwiwi mnrnn n'tsxi . nvouipxn , 
.wv .D'JDiS (fi'iPiJK nnannn ^a 1 ? imptp ,o"pim t 
jjjua D'awe nnvni o^ipicin ttww ntt n'n'n uitn n 
-lSttn nwTWi mnnenn Saw imam riywn nw 
nystrn nnn . m a n n "n nyewn nnn tk rwa rmv r 
nttiaan jsisa innaroi v6ij ib"« r a"aTxpn nyin-; 
i 1 ? una -ie»x ,nuitrK"in niiPTKn ipayn:i lanvu , 
rmtsan pn» . nroaa rune? iy'J'1 n'jyinn ':-:yS yjua t 
nwTK ntna 1 ? o^ara tmwauan ,o':v^yn am-p^ya ' 
pai D'aivn npBon pa -raw ,onvi .n^yirfe y;i]a mc 
pay*) rwyj ,nnin npsan 1 ? rooiun ,nv:irnn nvjaan ma 
jsnsn mSua n« ny-6 a-ixn id 1 ; in , nacnom ni^anc 
.n'raN 1 ? 'ik-i ono *irwn 'a ,kti vnia'ao mrae ,d'A 
cimo , anfni "npo vby po^i nonaS m\-6 Sjica ■ 
'yaim isuS hk: oiwpS mvh 'im np^tsvi jiyi 
•ieo v'jy \rb in n»a n« nnn 1 ? , e> i a S o ^ i 1 ? nwfc ^ 
^>tt njimna aV nspin , nrn biv , ik . srarnbn »DB'n ■ 
,mri^ann nbywnpi n y ip-' a ^ nVyinn pa *ib« /n 
pai n^ymn pa rnpoi nipa ^>aa »f ,*wpm avn •; 
6ttn maim nimn myrn bs . nnjE-nS wmn mis 
»»:« ^ , rmtnna on 1 ? ;mx wan upk , o'tpjKn *eo i 
'»« ]nw ipiai una iipk '-inn , oyo oyo naSroi ? 
niyrn oy (Doxy 1 : r6yin pa wxei nam opk-d i 

. vriann ^awn bv nrauiam my 
■te^ nuwicn nrmnpun nwrwi naaiv 'inn pi 



Bnvna»ie nanpea ■mv jim ~rsb c-anp rvwn rfcAjrt 
. n*p namran rhibxn ^yai rami nSj^jn '"jya ^ 
namn nbAsi *^w hv yun u'-itra tih .n*r^e> 
i^ spa 1 ? -jVi jom latria aipa n« aiy is** jaVi nym 
KtosiIji rnawfl Tin nSn/ra nay pawns'? mrm nioipa 
jiW?in *Vya 'b'Sb tt» n« dim m owo i;run op new 
niriK TV jrn n'Dii pn -ay nt 'Tim , \zhn nym namn 
imp ,"mtpn yt;n 'xrttsa mnn J'ieti wiann at? .mm 
ffcm-n-anyooi rvo-rrfpn-irae inn nisiK 1 ? own naapa 
jmyan rma -ny ^yaS naipia rrkb'am apya wyici 

jmrnn n^ ntcan n«;n ntnnn rn^Vunnrn , niaisrs 
. ainvn ym w Vrun ^uwsn 
mimpn rryun *n» pa *a ,0^30 urate mrana 
"*yi maimr w mans nnyt? ^ya "?t? inn np nyd: 
onnKn a'j'iwn bye "heru -itta D'arip enra n»x , rfran 
0*Vnjn myaan 'a-no ai pma cpin-in niaipaa arviil 
pan wxa , muiexn tpip-nn mv-ixa — ffwrrua te 
rou "iB'tc ,dj itt ,,T3i3'nn news nivnua ix ,moon 
.n'jievn npnsM D'raxn 'in mnxa ,jiofoa Tin pj*nb 
'tb Kin p^n yum ,trjimpn D'D'a ma yu n'n xb axi 

^ya thjo yta nrx oy onpn Ten ywn nttiann 
on-nxa o'lota ivu jm 'a , rvyrb why ite , o fl umi rmsi 
mxixno rnnnn n'oyrrnyoj nVnnn w» D'jcra , -py 'a 1 ? 

■hsu in . mam dito ninxb nvaiya-m'jiBxrt 
,0«™jS'D) nro-ja'j dibb^ ,na:jn vpoo nria jCjmwv 
pietab wxpa dp Tsrai ;ie¥3 -ixp: irk rip nrxp iiya 

• P»TplB3Dp) 0101X ja 1 ? DISB^ impel ('KnaipUPJj) TM3"p^ 

■mat 'jc |i?n jftn run .nv-wsKn nny»rtn bs vb 
ErciEon iud'D S^aa .itto nmaj nj*naa aaio died ttin r 
nt ,nai(tn rtAn nm namn rbibxi jik D'Kxia un:» 
ffjifKn riK .D'Tirn wyn-mn n«i ffbupn ffryn-mn 
iwwfln nny»n n» , n»nn yax W duib'kh nto D'twn- 



?ts> yu tc*jv th c— 1---1 c - r~*:a 'jna .jvwn 
w tbpb , tins' iiyi m'ro'^oa nnp» , naiK ma^j ,( 7ya 
-*oi-nn nvpa .owoipn o-mn-'aa Sc Drrnwio nWpM 
f&aSa *Sya bv yrai ,nSyob Kaicn nnmm—ron to >n-ra 
aiyon misa las" -ant , p^-nyi nn»' nny» , nam 
Wa -inn 'a , n: 'tik errata "unJN , Kinn Tintn to pBSffl 
nSSiannm , 'ae*n yian niSiaaa oaaai pann iTMn Bfljnrt 
, ro'pDwi 'eat? nnrnn *vh ntran cryian w to rvpSnn 
"c:ri ,Tnan *nym maitrsn nnyen .naisn nSa^an ,1 s?fl 
n L, J h :n ^ya (O'oi'ri.ra) »onmn»„m o'Dipa-on .onimrn 
"ran 1 ? unw D'rioon o'oyan . nitorican nnycni namn 
, .tipkt : n^s on o^sipraii CD-pDKn *dibo nr-npoa pso 
rvViBOitca la^a o'apivi ,nanttn rfrAan ,( ?ya cm-trn 
tbh , naiK-nSa^j-^ya to yia 'tt*xy 'tnia en rrapOBflj 
■pSn iiyn 'Sya onoan , n^atpi , pn nwiKa a , :s'7 ia»< 
rnp&'nn -b 1 ? , on nnatosai matoja catsm namn rtxhin 
•ws , nam nbibi 'bya to mpo pu 'kvky , roiaa Ttwl 
nain anp p by . rrsr&aTPi'mn hbitk nirwa iae» 
D'na'js'jn) namn maton p!?n iiyn -"jya onoan 'a , 'ktiS 
(O'n'pDMn) nanun nbibmi pbn *nyn ♦Spa ciean ,(0*3*»i 
D'flipj'an , D-nnipn) namn ntokm iincn iiyn <^pa B"*tojm 
. laaat 'yta anpa o'pTiy -imvi D'ytan on ("onmnitf,™ 
,-iine»n iiyn ,l ?ya o'laan 'a , ovTao unait . map 
lyaaa ,npnB«a niccn-ip »afl *?y -uwc .mvixa uiivw 
ix 1 ? pma son , naix nSaSa 'Sya to 'eitk y?a -"afio 
■naipn to ahmn caimpn 'asa ipnoi rr'ason "pi biti 
**7ya to yia imrnn *m d» ranS nSa' m^iannn , mpn 
n«in my» nn . iintr-nyi mSobiDD nnyi? , naiK nSaSa 
Via 'a ^mown r6 majon myerino -inr nann bit nanp 
mSSiannn myxoio aapi nsiva mxn« *?(( pann omnrn 
ja dj no'uno km . \sbr\ ■witkpi Ijip nWn mamnn rw 
i^ya o'ytan "?ip on'mapio rooipos ,nwn maiyn oy 



n n 



miy» : DWMQ "on;* nSxn c— ;=on B ^ n a nn pa . rnsn 
iipi pS my [rt^op nanra nruw , n-.^nVr^sT niWr»D 
o'jb ,D'an-n o'-rcp c-;£ ; nam n L, ; H ;i aam ,iSj6j r ~m 
cpim D'J'yiim a6 ni n-anp ffJT'nn ;tmn D*ar 
nino^i nrw mnpS ; cam n'oaini mi ccoin ; 

■nrw -p'-meai mam tt-.H£3 ;moSia 
,Vo^ ,103 ,imd! bv o^nn o-oyn-'Diflo '3 , 
omiM nnro ,'m*iwn pbn ix , 'Dirt 3inm , qpnwn iintm 
"3 ,pSD ^3 ubxx ]'k t'ay ^3R ,ikd pirn 13?3 ronrntn 
IWJttnB i'n ,ehxn cyapn D'oisan nnrar6 ioipp ,n':ora 
( ono -inxi inn !?a ,in nny iwx&ti m'riaon .nvaoun 
i . tpxm d^sir 'eSo i? 1 ? n msiuvoi it op it nnanrto 
fc^ppnai ,irpwT" , p^ni DTun *?y nnn rrnop nTpoa u 1 ? 
,^p--.?Kn .rowinrunnto nnnona rcnus* "laa , i::oia i;n« 
Dni: mrrt ,i^pijpa^nj narw rtAa "?ya Kin ,'m^ 
hi* , nam* n'rjSj Sya p aj Kin 'Tjan . ird ny imp tit 
HWm Spa win -cki Vuawn . i*na.i pS rnjn mx" vmno 1 ? 
■mn dj in:n '133 . av« iipi nmr nirai , (^fsTH?) nam 
. p 1 ? myi rnoSia rnircS San ,rom rteto *?y: 
'jpTfi*n 'a ,nyin ntsceru rr-iiSiEivusn 'can h-tx 
pKrmtm arisen on pVi fjgjgsi ainvn ^jkj ( mnwi 
-ot^ti D'Di£un *i«!? Sa iiyi: ono irs f o*'iipon 
jpSi rw pi D'atrin ,-n^-n cam t: oa-nai ,0-31 □-■pin 
in pSi Difitan nso ,ompa d'ciso 1 ? ainvn yun nm 1 
UhW rfjRn mynn tip ntt . D^awn cmean 12203 d-jio 
ftl ..ma-on ,WTjn ma rrnrwn rnjrm Sa 'Jfl ^yonaao 
•p^rt no;: cw 'tin , tampan ca-ean isca n« ,mt ^a 
BBPrvn D'ffyon Ho n^sn o'n^no n';crn r* ik nnsn n» 
•Tcm S:u kS isk , d'^iji o-ai cnivyaa pisea crnsrwi 
skuvb yaua nipinn mi-pnn mwfin na . 
jurcrn ya-w miva , i:V nonoa , nioo 1 ? npex n'fftn 

j.mnn 



H 



.n'uSvuiBn 



tib op newio nrit pes bv minn *a ,avrnS 
viVive Jin nn wttct n-nnn-"n . VpiBa fWWn nifafai 
iiroj iPH ij? ,nwin niburE 1 ? vrmim 'msn ■jam ' 
narnam prVi nirvana . mansion maiwiDni jib' 
Tip nan ni-rraa SSaurtu nine 1 ? nruwvm riB'oin j 
*«na niJi*^j?'"i rvfrpeh vti ipk -17 < ?atpn mbijJD riK ■ 
*jp sown nansn men nvmenn na^n nwrr -|-na . a 
n*jflij ninnenfi nn*n run avano nrnaion nttnin . 
naanoan rvrfpn . napiao -inr mi - ?' bj nt -jSaai man ■ 
n:aaa d^i-ij a'w ,na-in pas a'nnw loa ,mxo pin* 
npH ,jtjbw. ne^inn Sir nasriaan ncipnn tivilVvBSI r , 
]Bi(*3 l^roi )'T3 contfn-j n-ja'n rw tj'-> njru 
,nacn iciia nim wn ,&tSji3i a-iTa a^anre rnaw 

*"rt BDei *]« .IK , DWDDl fffflp D'lW niyxeita , 
rcna'am«nT .invon ipiopn '•rt dhvi mi ,«yipm ax; 

n*»vi rw TW row kS iipk , naanaon np^n neipn . 
cur t6 nx>an» , nann ■wia nnvi , rmnefu pane 
.an^eqai d'jbh na: 
-«■? rnaa rrseui man ■?? ijrstrn cmbti a-wn 
vn B ,1 rianr< . nw» nm:m a^iz* a'aiTa-irx ■?*« i 
a-SpKn -wan <b-j , maipan ,- ?ian ay noitnna Tin's , 0' 1 ? 
■wan iiffM , nvMan niaon by ntas\: nsm naon . nunc 
K'am , d'jtSi preb na-iiaa nrnfirn a"nn- ,- ?ya i ' 
nmsnnn nu — nfiDU nwm nrnenn trwrra 
'ipmn D."iun 'xna WW istk , nnannnn . &7W □ " . 
by noa-'D "jna naa np'scn , n'm-'bys td ni-nei 
D'Hann i»j;j nS nmn itr* 'in« ,ffiKn— , a3 

.nnnisa -inv — fonriTOfn "wr a*r:nia nuviij 
niSipBn '■jsi 1 ? "Mnnn iew r D'3Bin D^wn "cVs "pfsj 
nrnan nfjnan — , "jaE-m nnannnn , nwmnn bv msnitfi 
i nnn« nio'iDa nviaij nuian pi lira pim -iai;a ; . 
D'jnjn ■>» ■aimn jraoa DTonoi crpiap nrt-e^ ]nw me 



rem mfcrn^j i»k ,pwr6 npwnn . wins-no pjy? rami 
nrnwa B'ronn o-iprnoi rrronn rmnmno nar-nwa 
r anja *j'#a rrnrtnn? nrm , niMnn fw ,srnrr^sa 

BfKn to mm 1 ! yjuai . rrnia n^isn npicn 1 ? nny pi nwpa 
nann nmoS iy dVsk nnncn;tp , pan-man ran , pwan 
*ftarvh c*I?3'.od on dj 'a , nyin nw d^3 raw , nmas inn 
iimruin^npiBnn .aneirmn paxni 'nanrw moa y&rh 
iwn , ipnn-rwyae onuarvfta nnn 'jb 1 ? n^ne': im» 
npwna mp'ya mani nnixy npier6 km 1 ? ek^ b^vk 
in^wn mpitrnn *n» t6i;» yj-ia .piven E"«n ^r rwosm 
jnotpnnn nVnnn , nmnnS npi»nm povn 1 ? npwrffl 



■ 

tin 



n'332 DH33 rraiena notr-inn d-ikh yaa ninnsnn 
^aa p 'in«i vavy-no'iMi miaa r6nna , Bixn btr rryaan 
. Epawn yju 'p^n 
pnpvin bs b~sn iS^pru ii?K ,rcbvbrivtv\ wto 'fib 
prnm , jth to o i k n wvia tbdh T\nb nnx mx 
HK&wnn nita .-6k nrut ; a':sia o ,h ii»a rr»wn mnnenm 
uvnann own vein runrwbi nnoioni n'baen 
note fmnf) rfam a'jpion ns -utti 1311 p^s . arouson 
. fronn mo 1 ) hid -una rnBicon nnVn ian Sy rnwpna 
iw won* , msn ^vk nscican nn^n '3 , mm Kin 
'B 1 : D'ai o'o* -|»03 nn» runca frfn nrw rn ^ nnstren 
navy nyw nnwai □ ,, mam m»nn ninnennS nVysn , -py 
.ir:on n«in nyscnn ay .finvnann mnnannn oxy^ bj 
■ o-yiTn o*-ipmn Sa 
nin-iaa ,r\byzh uSvk nwaion ,r.'.nainm riroipn 



.Sit *«r -ps „0«(line« o( Costnie pliilofloplij" 



1W in'jiSi'iiorr 






rpvPD ft* mn Ri3 OTneww cnoia . nam pi cixtan p 
ripawrjAi WD'a nnw K113 mn» id3 ,ytn aipa nyin 
,ini(( cnaion DnainS nm KipS iVn Trh* ftp ,'fan 
nVn ; Vm tub nrntr moa nyin npwn iaips laann m 
nKn Kin ipr , cinn nam dk nj'i ( 5 nysa nyca ppmira 
■6 ywn nam ay xvi inn .njitwnn aysa rry ijA 
'yxcK ^33 mw ipim 13 Sanaa mm pas nr n»a 
ong win ;ayaa ,yceta , trraa ,ibae6 cyrm npnan 
rjaa iniK tVd , nceS mm tiibi nSyaS i3in r* 
]BiK3 , miSanan nina nmV na*r> -hpr ny Saia ia oym 
nan laipa mynn ny , 'jionpn DiKn dj vmn nA non 
nytbnty npiwn , vrw caainn 0*13-6 matya mpS nban 
; mb nt o,TDin nxi iniK n-aaion ensv\ nuian n« 
ns'Ktp^ vrni ■"junpn oixn -hxrx *>i'r nnnen: rutin npitwin 
yi~a .asp Sai ^iaa Sa yin rS iew ,man Sr naivy 
irn Sabi own ejiyVi nanan bab nw pmrn oir tnpv 
. nvn.i-'i'j,' 'Tee n; nn« SaR' 'a ,-iain na rm iaa ,miwi 
naura* ns3 b'wan bv p«6n nyeci nsaioo Trta 
noai nnann aipa cannon a6iann Sa Sy bm ■ns 
, co'pnen a6iann . pen-man ninnenn hk w:sh nTyvnw 
nmn , □"n-'Sya ir Dix-*;a mroKB nnx S33 , man *"ey 
, pswnn ONiain S31 rrmran , n*yaan rwwn *^wft 
BwVyn Brnrr6ya td Sa Syr mv niaSiai nnai itfyj 
Sip Svun -pyn 'u Sy nwiS Sai: itPKa , oiK^-tranpa 
oe> vn» oipoa , cp:vn D'-nrr^ya mya a'ruom pktti 
vbvavn t» p'aynb r'jk p»Sn rhy xb ,nba? crtnfln 
nnitt'y3,S:cni osnnp ,nEimpinn p pman rm Vi:nS 
*inii mam n?'RO nnxi nnR Sa iva D'^pnan B*ac-in ni» 
jitp'jai niTiiai nipiay marnoa j-axn i^r , sp-Rrr . a'ffjiio 
'^nan rbxan .mipj 1 ? ,mu«n • , e ,, r ^3 12-ab n»j» mn 
.navy nywi nniR • nrnit maaian , rntipn ^ao 11131 bvTi 
aiAisnnn -ir nwjb riven ma- n-n-^yab x'aTJTi* wm 



jwmanao vann ixn nvmenr6 nVym \wbn 

.nuaiDoni nvwri nviyspna 
nyfipio « maa , nrmtmn nKxin nti ppW maa 
vd Vrtas *6 D^ijr 'cd .jipShd iTr yina nnwnnn 
, wish Dixn bnaa two np-yi hid* bnan mo ni O'-n—^ya 
vma'SD vrp D^nrr^ja fea iPBto tsanPnb fjnn njr 
jiit6 to 1 k^> nnK bran hi . ovpn nan^oa ins rravmn 
\wbn roapn . nana ^a-Va moa naapai nan 'rn iipo^ 
.. npmi ,w , nn*ii nyapn , paa ^a , rowi pen-man ^p 
firm nut • mtr'no ranya nmns ram k 1 ; naaioan nSiyen 
oixn pnan i»x , nfrno "inv nTpm mvu inr n:nan 
aT;a-o '& , covyni D-aun , ni^iyen bs nit i^Dpa 
nun rmonm runann . crwA d/tir nan "ipki , onnvon 
,nK rown-mnwn ia£jn naa ipkd , t» pn ninpaK ipyj 
Juki tm^ nroi . a'JBiarrp'Jrft rnwmn nMann pn 
,rn porrmam natraan natrnon ni'jijrs f"in 
mnnann^ maaiooi nnp* niycirn niyvaw ^jnn main 

-niya thp naa a'wan by lmn pwn m»' -pro 
jjtatoi mttn "ikd pa fjrun ^lann . njnn npipn n« -'on 
^vk innanjc ,r)Oi*yn mnnanni? nmn mnnj D"nr- ,t n>a 
jrjipmn nnio'n "npo . T"iKoa wbsvn men D-Kn 
.mb'mbi ruin 1 ? now nnaun ni^iysn aiao Kin o'ikosp 
onbjH ,D^jun o-nKan ■p'jna pbn tdh an nSa nrtioTI 
trjpn nrnovi mpa . 'jiaj ,f ?a apannS d'TPSIO arx osstju 
cjtwi nmo'n . napnani D'pinn nVnya oiao Kin D^ixaap 
. W'j^i3»ofln man nibiya by Ton nrfon niawn on 
4ki h 1 ? it jiTBiTx mainni nsooa nbtin niawn nianm 
a'B^nnoi d'i-ipo am -ip'y bs o ,( ?asD ors dtpkti nniDvi 
C'SapnnniD'nninnannK'n a'iKan nnnann , n^aix 'bSm 
Jiinnanna mnnm nj-nan ten nyin npipn . nbnH 
jb'k n'i?n D"iKan ninnsnn . C'lsaap D"Sapn nniDM 
tepFonTPprri cn\n ub n^jno no ,njnn npipnninnan,na v 



mo mnp rninan ninox nx p\nb ,n£o~ ,1 >3 ,nip'SDO 
fa oiip xoano 'mam min 'a — , rAxn bh3ti ,_ inK 
.D'ywyien my»3 men mrann nmiynna noa mm rrmai 
tinn 'loa "Diwi nwn nc; -invm rmncnn irnwa tiy 
, D'juen nnoBTi-'D' ^«i D'jnn bn it "wpa "Wpnrfl VTttl 
ik D'iitp 0"n-'by3 "ipru cyvynvu D'avm wi on: 
( ntani rrW?xo o'oxy m» ni'« 0*30 vrw ,mSip? nutans 
fcapmn napoon . np'Dion ■?« npim manvin -b erv iffl 
nm-nimynn npo '3 , R*n ntotn nirunno ina jewo 
nva-irn 1 ? iVyint? , bviuui iraiH mm onpon vn rhsn 
'yj-iB "irwa , xis-x ]Mi ; ninutn-ni'npn by na»pnn 
tmnm nvrwn ^iittn ?air3 lSia™ nSxn nac-pnrrni-niynn 
onoiy ning^ ivn D'tonon ona-n bya ruwmn oy; 

. n'D";En mSanonn wiyn int6i Boxy 
oy , pe^a E'cncn^ 'ffuttn pan Vnnn» ,ny» nrnita 
oj nVrtnn nye-a na , npEW'nfai nSi jtb6ii m wn 
CBn-o rn "man yac„ kdzch ^k .mxn yao mnrw 
, nraain vm nvouipRn nvKn son n« ai pi "jwoa nij 
nrann runt nrajKn ,'tnairn^j yao u*n -vmkh yz\ 
nnan (en rirajsn ; mm n« ffrnaoni nryon mnv 
in* , D"nn _,l ?y30 "ins una , o*wn lint , mioip .to: 
hsb 1 ? mm irx ok nioo -nrvwri^ Via 1 um ruoo m 
fuvVyn nnmvia , ^n'xio yao mn oiia yao . lo'jiy 
"ttttt w , psrmsa hvi 13 'ryisn win nan . n^on 
nan moa n'pi o^w fap^ nWqn nai ,flWu ,nptn 
nn« "jwn nan ,or*iwi o'-nn-^ya fsa f?xs i^kd 
jB'snon o'iKDn-na Kin,Di»tn atpa 'jyisn ,1*0,1-1 
o^iy Saa n 1 ? ^ny y&v moa , B'jnBfoni o's^nnon , d*oty; 
•jfnrs\ naa njnr maa ^ibn mn "jeti nan ■B H n m ^ 
. pon"man ninxisnna nxpoa n'i'jra e'indh 
it'n nnia; n:iio^ ly n'jKn D^merrninan -:tp ninne.- 
.|w6n mnnsnna 'ftnn ' 



5 



owon "pn by myeipo nnana snaipn . »jm Dten nirraKS 
. ' ir i : k n -n a i n kyi 
pna ■pajwA i:n;x D'Sia' rfcsw o^nann -no' by 
.own j"3i a'aisin cnrr'^ya pa Tnaon ipn n« anpa 
^tffcan Sipn , iwjyrtn , niyijnn onyaye crnrr^pa fcitti 
-mmx una r niyBipon nnann oj maya maai ,-[mna 
-^j» DToneHS Wan pa rj'Krr B-npoa pi . rumnni ratna 
,cinN D'vi'axa w bipfl niyifBKa , o-iiaj invn D"rn 
b.^ tryiT oji» nio»n-nini»t . nan-nan moinn mnwa 
Viarrt ^aawi pnran n« nnS iSjd k 1 ? crnn-^ya 'a , fcb 
pic it nana .ronan lain pai ton ix nutn pa |-::,iS 
.pi d-jjit 1 an : Mwon-ninwa o: e>antr,-6 D'Sia 1 □"nn—Sya 
ijpjh on . □'Jtrian p'Jn nw k 1 ?! rruwKvrniSVarn p'n n« 
. (i 1 1 a t n ruma 1 ? nb ^>aw , n n * t? n nrntife 
^'jyo Trm 1 ? ,mirTKn rw trsapan , nwisn D-tryj ira 
o'oonam crSyan , n i o w b , oikh Sip rroyen nifjanonn 
naeno ^ nmajfi rimc6 nnmno rvwinan natron nH 
ton p lj niyunm rrtnpn niyxtwa nrv»n ran owian 
flun»a Mxia 1 ; yjua ivtwm kvj ntcm rfriwn ?n>atn 
urw ,i? km ."run 'a 1 ? , ruia: invn naitpnn . 'tpiwn bsvn 
twvh io!p *«« , anw cyiv coani (• pun tt uS 
■morn pai "iiain pa a'pnan , nvn itppm orrn nK oipno 
*ian on .-6k — , •b nanaa , -ijnji* k^ b»k . (» n'rnpoa 
m»j*innno iSu iiann 'a ,moiKn nnjnn^y — |3Wi-nn 
jfTinainni nvmn . (* '□"^Dion ouuynn n« rrfcon ,tvwsi 
t'bwnon aiwn nan by pisa ,T]byab iibitH niKaian 



. yep y op. clt. : woli {» 
ftt , „The Festal origin of Hnoaii Speech," Mind ipon f* 

. i89i 'opw , 'j 'an 

*7f, | •» pTB , '3P TtO , Poinefc Comporati ve Literature (* 
,B'on 1 Joe. c«, (J 




t nnsn: xb» , o^vun di , tnbvi dj , 'yao man ' 
iwbn , Twhpn ji»*?n p mamnan mnann . D'x-ien oji , *wj 
7P ruwmro nniD'n jicbm , nwnwi nwTxn bt? rrmen 
nma ly trantrnb nr»aio o , T£«m rrpawi nrnn . □'jcnon 
. D'tpnion rut pa xaab , niyeipni manino nnana nyn* 
w nibipn , niyunn : p»bn mama ono» , ronittn 
"^yw moa -py-'a-ii o<ai!Pn invi inv D'tpyj ,nti2RB 
B-aanni onsmnn 'itaao o'biy ,nna B'tpnninsn ,D"nrr 
bxi nuwtrsrmbbann bx ,nvenion mtrrim bit a'aipan 
: nbwi nuTiDn mt pffbn ninnanna nno omn . ouBna"? 

V BH'fl by TCH , (indicative) fit 'Din IlVl* — HJltMH 

r wmjRn nyi:n ,bwrt ,rs:n a'jaa yi:y: nptt by biespS 
,n£ny nx igna p'bn'B naa , aixn ^sb ntwn fix mmai 

— n'Jtf ; pb»n bya avy ib i:nn? »pacn , aban nyian ik 
w "Kin , avy nrtt by o'Tiort , (denotaiwe) n x -i i n n nmi» 
nx'-.p , biro 1 ? , D'p'na mnipa anb xi-p 'baa , b-idb bya- 
• Wmss™ "p'j. 'a'an icbBi fw abab nmipn ,naTt:xn" 
pma Tan 'baa inx B'loa cvy bx nntrnp nx ,nin jaixa 
nan-no n nmmn nvm — nwbr jntmpn TV w 
D'ai omyb (np'na rwa *ba en ojj anion , (connotative) 
jm- abab xnpb mob "*« ,,-iii;«n ax ,b»B<p ,ins ppd 
«w» , abai aba bab run cwa- ja vhjm ntwp , p'j. Dira -inx 
era jtiip "aaia„ nban nx ynvn ibvi ex i» , mab ntm 
-DJab ,-ijb :vyy iub nun mn new ,-iix-mipj bab aaia 
(denomiaa- niaon ninift-— n'jpan ; pbvrwn babi jjn 
nyia apa cwonpoo , narrnon nxiinn-mnix on ,iwe) 
iiya (fficu bys u ixn ix Dsy m* ;::ob nao ,pacri3i 

— n*»pn j n'D'jcn mbanonn i':yb D-E'jn Daiy nimxna' 

Otb 711 nffl» 'JtP 'BIT* DH ,(predikatWe) OBtfsn niniK 

in«n otwi Kcu nnx by iaT np* D'bnnb mro nnsa 



m o"nrH?ya ^>3R ; lan-niyum ^ipn niyxoto tw¥an 
■nntt t)-ix^i croiPBion o.TnwA"6 n 1 o v z unpS pvan n« 
. o'piDB 1 ?! D'KDaD 1 ? D'im'Dn niDtsn n« nt 
nuTiDi i6n jri* vbzvz upr nniown nitrTitno man 
'onnnip , -oib 'btiid "iai nrtt onait unw new , d'bipb 
, nvprno , firms , moies .wtk — irtnna njnr ny 'is 1 ? 
maaia is rrnaino pwtr uSw e" nSsn nitcTRn la^o 
nmn» rvmiffs ms'Ttto naairt ir man po nnm nra* Saw 
^ya a; or , (jwbhz to'tb owa oj pb o-Riip m *3BW) 
I'a» 'man Siann nR , fj'rm 'a 1 ? ,tsq i:-r ujxya niR"i\-n 
■vfa rrt^an , nnR nSoa — , moweri pi nSttn nwrwrt 

. (recei.tij 'nlSWlTI fTttpH, OH'3 pb Klip DJ3T1 npR , 01)03 

ppamno o'jiyn ( nr.n« nwr-tt iiy ,rwn*b p i£in ■» 
BBeinn nx tot lsxja hik'tkh byz ~\vn ,(conceptB) d^ddr 
*mpi rrronn -is» -pro ,nm jo'on 'fl 1 ? ,piR ^TJD? pat? 
nn»aio □"nrr^ya "3 , a^no Dffiff . onnvo nmtpa p 1 ? 
tk ptno Rim ,recepts db>3 i'jyr nvtnpn ,pi:upri n#arni 
tpsnwa D"D'on niaiynt? , nwn rw« ina'jnn niro* 
bj'k Sax ,n'Dn^n iRO trmaa nioptM rwT Sa 'Sa coxy 
gta Tiyi , nwa*n by ir mpn *?y nVru mvrwa xhtt tpTTP 
D'xii on^-a D'ca o-Sj rrarr? D*nu Mruwm o'ann : rnR 
, otb.tj "foymt ny wen 'Jb Sy D'avn anain orrSt lanprw 
■nsDa Taacs nwxDXT , rmn«n nwwnn bx hSki nwajnn 
jn»a nrtt EP-irhyn a^nrrhpzb a» '3 ,ina mRin djdii 
one ,rrtn Sa -ny p« nto ^a« ,ni'^a nwrot »naS 
. rvnon noawro pis'tk d: Riia 1 ? ciirato 
ffiivn Q'sean nniyvoRa t»s , nwmn na^ , ]wbn 
riRi nunwnrrni^aiTi m r niciitPBn jiuptuti ns D"nn 
o'anmn ni^ipo ,m«rno ,nuit? myiano mvi: ,D'3»ian 
m^ipn ,maninDn nnarn niBiavriD ir tranim _ *n6ai 
, jX'Sn en D'aninc-r^an n^ipm mywnn . niyunm 
rz-n fmbn ; nipnion iWTKn pi niRBano nnuwoHW 



*»ion 'i\D* 



I 



nnon nrvn nnannnn 'a ,nnri> unw D'maiDiit ,nrno»t 
■WH , D*»un □ ,, i:e , Si mown rrfawi ninnennnb rwtm 
•a ,mDiwi mjrann ninax n« . oixb rmn n« um 
ip«a inv mx nn*n m»6 nio-npn mm ^vk nnannnn 
nitfan niSanonn npno ,0'Twn a'pjrn o^nrr^pa ^tK 
— ;a f?» mann-"nai D'lv'jyn nrnn-^ya bv rranmva 
nunWDn-miyn nyjo cvirr'Sya aipa . D'aicj -wwi dikh 
.o"mann D'flipn to 'jxn nmaj -mvn mnnflnnn nrriDfr 
ciicnj3 Svk nmaj inv nnvi nanwon-mtyn ninrann 'a 
-'ia rn» noo naia ntn lain , nnpon-'apv c;*npn 
^•sn poo *inva D-prn cn-'^ya Sy nna:na onn oinn 
B-rn-yaiw <^y3 Dm-Hjpa . nnporrsm p-necon 'ornn 
D*nn-^?3 ik» ^30 inr cpwyefn nw D'pne>on n« o'aniK 
,injn n« E"N ainx 1 ? d^jidd. o'Bipn -wh ,n3n«m ,o*pjr;i 
mnw caitM invn mitma 3ip3 . ^ npw kSi 
ncxa no'pnn on .o'xii nmpo to mw iSsp'i o'ywptffn 
nmn w , m«n-*:a pi □•-rrrya-iK— Sys pa moron ma 
ra o'vnann o"nn mnnsnna myxax naipn cj pso ^a 
o , Tn"y3nK _, ?ya bv crnann o'yiE'pem nanwDrrmiyn 
• ffwrrua bv o'jnm nsnwa-r.iTiayn pi 






wnnenn? iimi ,mvn nnainnn ninncnnS nnm 
,D-tn- , :3 ]vt>bb nnwen n»wni~ni*nrmnw nsenj , omitt 
.msn^n nioipnnn bsS idid T>a*b Twbm ikd nmn iiph 
-wx ,omnn fro ^n: no ,mn' nirnaa wS ntnn D|on 
o'oann vn ik-k ( T3in p33 t6 ,t»j ninnsnnn v^p nnaa 
ia otdko a'ai my new pb 'd* np ibo'tk 'O'O cywo 
nheen nrnn pai o-iwn pa ^aeri Vunn *a — , u'O'a oi 
niK'TK i^aa?3 ib Kiisb n»aia na^ mwn -[KB- ,nt «ifi 
; m^Sa nwTK «n3^ ontpsio niBipni nvnn oj : m^a 
ditowi* n« nrt nr iidoSi «B3^ iVs« o".e':id art 




*jb firm map rro* itm (6 *a .nm^ o'maio mo w 
rmn m^iJD Sa nH fWO rwnoV"mit"iJ3 d'tkisittok 
nx'nn iaa , oipnn fpn nrw Sajo nipo ntm *h »ai , wjitn 
•T by mro wot bv> n-trtyysn — ,r&Mn niVuDrt ■» 
iranpn "7 , "mo ny D'arn o^iaaa o'jit* o'oy mSbiann 
|r6 nnin "i»k , D'jitffi ryai o'jnn o'j'jp msioxni cdt 
^kS nrwn rrrum !w Mrmm cam rrurwn now 
ipViaon , nunrvn '3 , awnb "no' S3 jm . nnrm nnuK 

. 1HK JB1N3 TVlfU THIgnrUKnO MttSTpTI CIKft I1K 

lami rw ^^-S^ nurtaan ,nfm7i nibuon ,m« moa 
Bfnsh nnn on 1 ? bk 1 ? rnro , nrm *« nrm nnsina jnvna 
nmsno , nunio , mint*™ rn nuit?n nnuwi . •"ji^vsio 
o'ojffl 1 ? . ano ryiisD-'n^ai n'jw dwiio rrnrwnm nnnni 
&»id nipoa o'a"! o'joi ^03 vn "new ,m;Bp nnun vn 
nimia ,nnn« nniJK 3»id nioipon "inr m nins pnnoi 
nmatn nannn -&h , v b2H , nnnra nin'ioo nman pS 
!\p ,t n spya m nunon nufcanru cw apya , nrv m:cpn 
nrfau ffwsn o'rajA nr»rA ,3'mn n\by apya m rwn 
Sana wa» ,whpn D'i:»n rn nbto nvowne niasnM 
aw 'baa , -no E"n raoo cmami □•c^in , mnrai mum 
fenswi rrna wa» , B'Vjttom onaam cue-.i Ssk ; ny rrtw 
Qnsi vnann papn Sy ruoo D'BtPEns vn ,nnrra 'D'a 
virni pen niBtfsnn je*ic3 . oica titi ttp Sa byi 
pcsn ^a m* ny rtw ion^ naina 10* ,0'am o-oinna 
»6 aaino ttf«i a'ai nnannn "mei a'3-i D^oipo D'Sian 
nanoa , kyoj nn J^ioa , ni^iannn myum D'yDDi ipoa 
lTKTto:n .DTHin nasn-nnio 1 bv n:ia:n naannn nit,!: 1 ? 
S* minn — nnjuom ni'jnjn nmnn ti»d nn« f?aa 
o'KVian- 1 1 a i !>» —in Kxion-nnnw 



iwpoo jn n^yoS nwaion ni:pooT 'a ,n'J3 os 



nipon . i!D ii nipvrn msi minxa mit nya mnna -uyon 
iitKn ,rwun 'fla ,rrn trwn '33 nin6»n aano 1 ? pincm 
rr'MJK "R iy oi-na ny. wio noiin ins 'vn tppon , anm 
^r 'omrr'aiyon qwn ,nip'na inv a'toa ,ih , pnxa 
*n»^»n (opni'it <k ,n;e"3v« Srun ^np^n noim-p^i 
ntn "rnitn nimttB - rawbvTi npnsn Sr o«niren a^erm 
•jinn "pf«S myinron rwnKa he'sdji mimea mwn xr 
ipx nya ,orna "ruiBrrnipnn, itpd t? witon 'jpnawi 
■ini' B'jota . np'yan mm* iy m mArai nnAo*n -jit 
rrauirrrrmmn ppn ly ^own nn t,ti duct lay o'vukd 
. njinsjS? tP o"jievn o'pw -p^ rrojta 
16 ni'jaipai mepiwini mjnn 'Sya 'a ,v^kd pio 
Sr p»mn awion oipD nn ojvma Dn^t tiS bpia lo-ao' 
Sni p"?n Sy n^ffojn , nan* nn-m-nyiri rwnoa diict 
nam nya: W mnoi nypa in* nsioa kSi ,nm«n p'jno 
n^aipon niflpiKim niyn 'a , rrarfc mn intah bin ■ zviab 
-ipno nr» 'jy o^iyo niooiaD rn *b m \tra arm ^x* 
*»^ 'a , a^mS nitfTi i: 1 ? rrunu wiijft t nwB 'yio 
^a ':a "?y mr^jm o-sipn <ra iyie: no-inn ^y oik nm 
, a^nn 1 ? uS niPiD ^n iiy . rAyo 1 ? Ta»n 'BiTirmnri nimrr 
»6 pi dk , winn niKn rmniu mn dj ae" 'jiyam onsn *a 
men mnS nffl nnenj nuso'iwi-eiip-niB *a F nnnb naw 
( nni«n rrop inr nsipn i»na 'flipron men ik 'jopon 
wk niD^ nrri win men mo nneivir naa n»n» 
'ytawn oison *a , nmnS ovnaie n\u i« , ujot bv 'enit 
B'ai B'joi i»Da rmiNn 'jb Sy cpnn Bit*n pai t)ipn pa 
o'flipn 13 law -iB-H , Kinn -nmn own 'jaa mn 03 cB-enJi 
,n^ naw m 1 ? pi ok .onioipn m«frai d'tmbiituwi 
poipn oi«n nn ni^iaon (minw niSuon ninnBAi 'a 
fiiViion nmnanno 'ip'y '«» mie> nn'n ouv^yn csipno 
f *K-ffinritno wot bv oouon ritn nn nVnaon (Hiinn 



ijpot nb o'jwKTn mitn '« vm . n'BUnn nuown ^r 
pi vnnvnb lyr onn o*inn *a • D^va-itt cnnr ^a vrb* 
hi nny ny wxw »b dk . nvwiDD—nSa dhimi nooa 
.mniKon rwirain naipnS D'myn , d^b'Sik^b d'thc 
neipnn 'jb^ f^a run t6 aittn *s , wbnnb nwn tp wS p< 
rcaivuin nsipnn '33 171 dk 'a ,Ta~m ira ,"[flr6 ; miya-ir? 
trt» , nnntt ois '33 n,"6 icip ^mia , omitn n* onauo 
■/inannn rwvn p by . no -nay, nnit by bai 'jan iyr 
j i:3Dta o'Nnsn "1113 *?» onnannna , D'jwmn armn *a 
,th mtpa nuuon nj»n nvwBttai nuwDn pbm rrfai 
*Tya D'aipvn , cmon . cn3^> pxn w neon niyxoia 
, D'n'EiaK , d'iuk , o^xa , cnav 'antra rm , ifWja 
-"aa ,cw» D"5n»i crySm ,mfliy 'ra ,-iyvnm ,d'Sib 
lav , ik , n^r6 o'on D^n wiia ro o^itsip mm cnxn 
^y tyomb nSa'n nn^> nrrn 'a , "m; inv jrst?3 , nvn 
. nvn nro ipai ones , o'Ji dj n^xn nuiian 
o^yaon ffwnrrvuriD pw "n* iA** ^aprr» naa 
.r^Nttfn n« ompo "nab vb pirn , ^impn-mnn Se» D'lnwn 
5'6in rwiSim naipn li'Kai no-tan nioipno nipo «n«3 
r*x mpino ntn cn'a 13b niyi-rn nnsiyn .ruwicfc q-ik:i 
ai l nsi-in3Kn ijpya D3 \n Ktani , pni mna» , njnn rnflO* 
nsipna my v Di«n 'a ,nyn rn ,(t')i8y$i jrnrarna/i 
nmnS pirn !?a mini) pw nStcn nnaiyn Saw ,n'JiE"Stffn 
aYono iaycn 'a , tern , -bin m npap^Dn , pm S» n-in«n 
mns myi jnp'TB* nonK ^j; iVs mnn3 '»iwn ^k 'onaa 
■fltu cmtn 'a , idiki 'JBiDp njn oy n'sKn nnaipn ma'«no 
R&a hid" ^yi r6«n nnaiyn *?k naxnna . (1 n'Tiern rroita 
'a — ,nntt noSnn n^ pi xiab D^ia' i:n3K ,trjnT ipno 



m ,the Pigimes" Ul „tlie Human Bpscies 1 ' t'UIDp (* 
• Tup 'JT ,)thB Pygmies" ."MTV <" 



r 



Wtn . Drmann Twiprro*wrr M n bv nnnrnn nwann ntt 
nwnun r ni^ai^i«'jni nt*ai^van rwrn aiaa Rin 
jicnprrmRn ntsian nan bv uaspaa nan ntTwnmsa vh- 
max ipr , a"yian anann pan Kin 'jam , vsvp "K:n> 
^p cnn nve D'an cm: i:b cnxaan .n'jibi'anKn 
, nanxn ue by iirps oovp mapy ipr , D*:impn DTRa-*a 
^mo cyiT D'in 0'itpo unit* ipr ,]wwm irn 'p^pn 
ctt-ion bp niaiaj nnrn xrnann 'in b» mimpn mang 
.lynnnai irca utjk D'D'pnai 



1 



D'An vn 'jicipn-ciRn bp a"mann D'xiapn »a 
*Vj . man rrmavi p< nt iaiS — cyaon nuiron mpoa 
*r?k , mtmioix 7 R by iryd:p , anw pyo najiprrnie^p 
, nonp invn rrvfap neipnn 'pjr Sp mnnwi 'tpd ioiyj- 
*6 .(i pian ina 'p^ n ^ 33 D,J1 ,£in by D;ff1 ns cksoj 
ipoo *w»an n*a n^>„ bp nb«n nitnpn vn a-sinna pirn 
tip ny hkdd , -pwa bit mxo rwop ly ;nb vrv ,/iiyaj.b 
^n npy ly dj a'oysbi , pan ny pbpai anna bin nwo- 
pixn 'D'o wb* lyjnp , Qipviy invn an;pn . (* naua. 
w*o:p , rwSfW&n neipnno pawn 'bai rran ^a> 'jionpn 
,{n , bjjR bv nmnai nsrabp ruiMsrmyoai nmn yp-ipa 
B'O'a d'pdpq rnp ,b ( :ip cn-bya maiy ay laaiyn) 
bv a-n Tcaai bv Tyo nb«n D-n;pn yep . nuuo iina anrr 
tH'yo wvht&w\ arrnatn . mbru nnaa iflnnpnp , ct»K<n 
j'a Tin ivpni an'n byi rvpi:K nnannn nix'xa bv bbaa 
nnnn amp ,B'K:nn ban .nuirsn yep pai nnannm 
,oniRa chips -inv 'Rto vn ,/vuipnti nvpwn mianrr 
cp'ny virn nnnwn *e by trnwa u 1 ? d'tvd un:KP 

. *»B 7 .Origin or tho Arg»u»* : ift'H pt'R £■ 



micrna rn dk , r6K»n r» pi iina^ roirupoi , m jrpsa 
'Vw rrn d^3 Kxin iipn jomiano nun ,nuu o'jipkti 
laran avena nay mote nv'jK'xic nnu« ik ,tix juo 
rrwnrf? yvm pun Sa kxdj ab nny ny . wwn avwi Sk 
nuita ik , Jim cira w D-own cn«n 'a 'yn *a , mown 

D'snin o'nsini ninw nam b» ,nam« .o'an D'Tiiano 
. naSan rnna msnana rain nwnn hk D'^viaai 
■*& 'a (D'TyD o'iioipn D"nn iafo*> nnw Sa 

irnnnai u-a'a D"yaan cisjun rn 1 iiPKa , wi D'jiaipn 
m m\ , n*wn ixi3 mon» man , TKisn^Kri . nian-"n 
f3 '3 ,H^b , TID , KiaK E"H .jvman nna 'KTia Kin 
*nna , hkxd: vrom jimpn-oiKn pai 'matin tkisiyuwi 
j6i miaa niTiaa nnti "WW ,,tt3 i?'k .n'yvaK n^in 
iinK 1 ? nj-o: km nKia myem ? o-rnan crnfr m»aio WWi 
nvxrnni ni'Jflun maisrei 'a jmnron nrm mm ^r 
trnn-^ya ^ao dikh "nana jn^> nnm new ,nnnrai 
nnvr k 1 ? dki , ^mtinn KKsryaan nana pn imnj , onnun 
mnnsnn oj na nn*n k 1 ; "n'yvoxn nnan, b?n jrman na*ao 
^ao oi«n ra n'nacn ,mnran rfruan K-n pe^n .ruTiio 
'jwdk lira rra n»c»Dm np'yi mc ^nan o'Tin-^ya 
ITOKn ta»n rvn ok ,-ixa i:nw a'peioo, .rurSy moipnnS 
K*T3on , nrrojn nioSiPnn-njmo nniK^ d'jdpi ;a po yjo 
niiyc fntyfi ,! ?3 , D'anp ini'n D'D-a -ny im« fii'xom 
p nm nySai ,(i»nBi»6 inrn nirma i^a* ,]vebr\ wit* 
roPP T T'Tio trwonn cr'nn niMswn lan ^y mmn 
¥?fia K'nn minn n^aa oyi , can omxo naa nt n^nain 
,inxn awl bv mwi nw oa 



ranpo njn' on-a ^y nyb wra b» n-y^aK n^Sai 

. C*p : V (Uts^edt of Man : [iffi I* 



D'Minon .D'ron Iran r6 nmni d'jw otdS o'vin-'Spa. 
nioipsn nmvai nisnn»nn ^una .« .t , 'bd'xio paoa inn 
. nmaj ninnenn n:nnb , nvmnn mcparmn hv 
enttn npa Tin rrnarvmn nrari rftNn rnrbipea 
D'Tirr^pa "»ajp onns -pna nma K'n . n*tp«wn manni 
nmnenn nn na^nm , dVu cjnn ninai rmntw O'jv^pn 
nme^ D*:tn ins r6prw ip r6t«n ninani rranMn 
wam twin n» nnne m .dhhvo nn^psn 1 ? iwarui n3i**w 
D"inj? ni'n 1 ? n»aru» np iraion a'Tin-^pa TD anpa 
*>p vtoffoo ro* d-iici ens -mw 'vik ,n-iKn t by D'aio. 
tnitn to* k"? o'JDiian o^nn-^pa my ^a . Dm-r^pa 
cnn-^pa pm Saw . iwVpn ninai dj-hdS o^ip 1 ? purr* 
ia:o DnS iS» D"nn-^?a» 'jbd p-\ Disn *va rvS*n 
/in m cavtai o':w D"^a» nunco nvrnarm orrmiuiia 
ra^n ,»33n ,-iupn ,did.i ,a."urn .nyatPD 1 ? tidS pran 
oa ni dp -irri o'jdw imvi oinn nap non n^« — afcjni 
,ro» maa-ioa ,[ jiki ssh* up .D"man inrn o'm-^pa. 
Tirana vhvna tid* ron .noittn by am rvm »jeS 
.csim invn rnanrr^pa te nvJ'jwiirp 



.wawPUMg nranm 

jnano n^nspn jvEnan mann 'a , u-rpa pao bi ytt 
sstyb \qj «b , psoxa nposn ^a ^a mts» -pia o"nrr^pa 
t tf T VO ^rwp oi«n '3 .mown mnw nam mum rot 
*yg ncDano k|1bq min . inoa cvr^pa nwo nwara 
iw nnpi 1 ? nui^vvicn .rwrbuwi nrabva ninsim nvm 
tmefmxfi rwxhvsn niTpreie rrtepnon , ni:nrotn nupDoa: 



.eii'vj.n* 156- 

omiprt ran ayin n« ^laoS jrawni no*n?n ,yavn ,mmn 
, iiy o'cVno in;* , D"nn roBfonV D'^yio invn o-wnn 
■?vij invn pn*n nwipcm cnam ^aa nn man rr » r 
njrr^aa w nyia nnoiyn D^nrHTya yo . wpn ncnSoa 
pTWSDn D'tki-^jot -nya , mo *to d"im mawvil) pno 
mnnennai D'c-mriM tpj DTtica mawr^ inva 
nwi»a , di'jwi pm ^xx rmaun nuu$3 dk iVski , nBian 
*»^ nan-n 1 ? maa dSxk mnniBo , y?an \o tmxr> bapn 
SWJO en UBflffD nnox nn pinon ,-ninn neuxi ,-py 
nan , bsetn nunwa naTai . dim mum , pji^jki n-n»n 
inrn pmn-»W? rfatn nwiaon rw pm dv in' acinn ^a 
,p w mi 1 mnnenna 'ipkti tni^i cm nanSoa am 
■<ipnn , |wfsi . irmann rnrtnannn na npya in;n Sae-n 'a 
B'-ionn , nnfliion ^atwn nmc on dj dm D'aaiion nuroJm 
^y O'NYio WW* nut nana .omianon ornn-^ya 'rxn 
: o*Ttrr ,l ?pa maiyco naiyai nanyo ^a ^>ip rui^yn nman 
crro ttiki inn Saatp , D'Bipn ik mem:xn , oVjon pa nn 
.mvSyn ^a»n-ninriBnni rartjffi nrmann nn' nrwnn 
irnn-^ya , kibh , on oniv nuvwaa o^jinon a^nn-^ya 
inv own CTHT^ya 'ra^ nioi'aan nrmanni , o-vnann 
jivwn niaon nnx ribn km D^a:r nii&wi^i oovp 1 ? ovroo 
."ninnsnna nianun 
jiikj -mm ptwn"6a nrvn mann 'a , una* ccaDD 
ni'KD kS ,-6 «a mann h» m nna ^ax . ovpn nantea 
fer nnannnn rhyt up* ,niSiysn jhikd dk 'a ,oSyj iipo 
F3*i D"u» nna nw'ana , dhwot craiTanrxn nuian 
.o^jnnn on'mna n« nWawi neian .imna 



iirriiKit ,«!£« ,nnanmn rwn oikV wip» mora 
flmwnni ni'D'jen nuuna o-aT d^hip- wan ktt 
n^ nnin .O'D'rpnwTK ^y rwtA nye^n nyeirm 



L 



Dioinn by -vexo ini 1 rumjKn by noin mann, 
•ikd ceyo pi .rrby wonb trptm o'ln invn a<x 
,weTOWi ^>y ^sinn^ OTpo a'snon msiynoi rrm 
meYiMtn 'a , 'xiiS anp . jnatf mtp'jni ni:op invn ^>y •fr 
nwan no'sttoi jpra rvyaa nrra , Vain w , mno rvbns- 

/rwn 'jiEva neian nn'o i 
ntfnjono nnxa yaun ma iuin 1 1 ? "iipk , B'oion,, 
D-nn-^yao traiwi »jaa nayo p-inn^ rf#fWft ,niaia 
v o"nn jd ion ibb naa 'trna ,D*ffTn o^pun ■ 
.an^y po^i -lauob rnE- niptnn nvmann onwtu i 
,orcbK na*prci rcfrin nmn rm »a f o"Dion win* , 
[H^ru raw rrnart) nwA ins ^k -inx op'sinb line* 
Bwa on ^EyaS ,reaiDDn n'nn 'Jaa naya oyrrtD £ 
ort* rrmn i^axi awn , am .nnnn a'ami orpjso nni 
o'Dionip jor^a ,"n*;n anpa mx did *?i;:Si him 1 ? t 
naiya D'Awnwo BipniP nytrai . . , man nanpa stk c 
rnx rpBisaa B'x-n inn bat inx creitsn d'bcs.io tx , nai 
inem awn iKia* is dm Sax .-inoai nono on 1 ? v\ 
m Dnais on in ,-nwin an^am r6«n Bmv^pa : 
o^yam ,D ,! rnjn Abw^m inyi nrm b"« D-yaiai oa* 
. "nan qmrjra nxno^DTiB on myono na^s^ on«»jr 
nan^oa niw inm piewr^a on niann-"n 'a, 
,0'piEa unain naa ,r6on ^e» am vn-n njaioa , 
,DW^n invn Dflw .n-ai anna dtisidi ninwo a-n-ii 
D'KVio c^a ,nw^n irirn nipawi nvnm ov^fi inrn r 
p'tnr6i BDipnr^ na onS pun 'jwoitn r,x mann-' 
o"n pi xb mana D-Hsno an ; D'mun cn-a-m 'jsa no] 

-; [MW10 OH ; D'aiS D"'D* Qj CX '3 ,"py 'S 1 ? Dl^» 1 

•jwsn^i ai nyx iVa cenn nnn "p^Vi ^^ nn»ewi ; 
-"r^ nmn .nun L ^> pyrroni nrof» '.Vsn pan i 
. i*iy 'E 1 ? nai nnaaa mpnS oipoc may^ o'^ia' on rr,y. 
, nan t , ci^ihi pm oy bttmb unaw nyra , -| 



;BUirn o'Msn p p-rnn pman m meu m iff 
«vt j.ff»irnntan nmcn nt* mux Sa anpo np'mn mn 
^e» ippa nbn as rht D"ixim a'aian nniori ok rmpp 
cdibbS omvi ny , anntppnn n« na'pam trarwo O'ditp 
, a<yiap a^ato 
ie-u» ,nnptnn maDn nrw nmi nruwinn ,nrwa 
•en . mum mux bsz nnnron , niSuoni d'imm nnnnn^ 
ou'Dn a-ipa rrniy itvn uvnn dtd woa nflnrwn 
. nvuwvin Sn Train n« ,-invi -inr Sru naa ,CHnnn 



fl*j«rn Sk B'uipn -ian by n'jNK'n jo anaiy un:« nny 
• o'Tfiarn a^nn-^a ^» rvoirvn d'dti mann tjt by 
jnstsn new , naian -j?£rnn iana tranin a'ncio na-in 
D"nn nuvtn u 1 ? ffmreo , trail nomi Sy nnannnn 
laajn lai^an hbd3 an jrwaa anxinan , mot St? ovarian 
orison ansano nnn« rvnw ns owaa urns . (1 ppEis-ip 

*]K yaari rise n^ap »6 — jpoiBp nam — ribon, 
jwnanon B«nrr^ya by D'Dinni dujuoji o^'xcsno tik 
o'ai tew ,07113*1 a'apm .jvann vya iko nau miy yav 
,-rnrn 'jb Sy pwno o*iru ^E'id 1 ? an 1 ? D"iia n'i>K«n too 
Ruot >ra . uyoa nwjiio nrn nrw moa nrpy . nnyai 
BU w t* 1 ? nut Saai -, ijrn wvo a^-b mwi *jaxo p 
o'xiE-m , ny-6 oyoa na ~ D^pwm onem — nfeun 
ntoun . jvto wm^ onnaa a'oye noa ,1:20 o'ptnm D^nii 
. "m a n n ♦* rt 3 j»i nana nfc jhnxio 
in San , nnn Sa a-r a -rw pi rrortao onuyn,, 
fiwmann BTjinaA nmn ;yan orpb dVvx p-ano nin Wi 
Stapi 'z^b c^a oyaa o'yjo nan nwn onM^i nnmitfp 



'jf ,Op. Cit. : j'pBic^ l* 



us .H'jnSvsion "no* 

tfaioin Dm.T^pa by mono nSipa vjys n»« , niaon nsooa 
. dik*? lDTpff D'avwn o*:oin "|»oa 
nrnan m , open o'-mo um« rrnrw ^p iivk , naon 
urea hjp 'b'w us 1 ? my '3 ,pso ^a j'tt . rmaai npia 
lira o w nn *^ya W« no'pnn iaa nmttn 'jb by din nvn 
. nnwnnn ne , rinaai nyna rrvnan oj n'paon nrnan 
fwSnn no«a trn /win noSnnn 'a , una* o'to 
mana e ,l ?rv «te 1^ -wbk-'k n*6p pSinn ban .rwnno 
»a ,rrjo nutn noVtnn by pbim • •«hx\ ira ^an-iaT 
nb , c m nr^ga Sirs ip'biiw nm* , rtnanrPHTnani mart! 
»jn »a ,itjo Kin .ninncnnn tVid by n^ips bi -bye 
ip'Btrn xb nfirwDn-mipm jwmati , nooconi nann 
trwnn nip'ap by n^ips ba iSys kSi D'ron um by bbi 
. joxy n« miniD \b*r\ rnrann . o'aaion 
*d"iud inK n'O' nnwno nrm n'-onn nnowmn 
rronj omun cnn-'Sya Svk .DTtrr'Sya be hwiBflWl 
nvyaon mbiion mSmnna d'tvpo d-sitx 1 ? nmn nruxnm 
cnn-^pa bw «ixob -ipex->k onioa nm ,in Sr ino 
jipo naoS nmi rti ; D'noin ^yk ik yiap oipoa o'aanvi 
t by naayo nao^i rnwi cbitmo o"pit o*an»* t ^p 
nps»n nnn o'antPo □"nn-'Sya imp ,trwn . d'tik o'sto 
D'rm o-ciao misa o'a-iK o'D' 1 ? otubj vn r nmn naon 
T/nsa D'pm-io o'cnnn onitwi wtru vn ok pi ba« ,o'3ir 
cann d'ik> t|'on^ iSa' ie'n ,nienn niysBmo jit joi 
jyyy nvrawi by nono^i po 1 ? nrrn is"k , naon . Dn*u» V 
*JB3 Dn ,l ?y nionVi p."6 f yiap oipoa traievn , D"nn _, fjpa 
/roSax . inx oipoa onrnx ,bi»b ,nnvi ,nittnnn nipB»nn 
,oipD^ Dipoo fayb ooyp nK riwan o'piT 0"n~'f5y3 'j'pif* 
-nonon rfaio m ns'rnin noa . nm lys&n nonon ono isr 
^■japno rmwi npaoen nait?nn t in« oipoa na^^ nnMip 
£p mopo'n nono^ nn*n nnannnn .nnannnn nwvno 
jj!jP3 nniwa rr»jKi mv» bi pa onaipn , D'TTBon o'lpm 



muai S"U mun-naa aonnan B>pjvn ffvin—^ya Sxki 
. SSaa rmarvmb D"man o'yitrye^ my 
nr inr d'HP mum mmo 1 rnw moa . nut Tijn 
, Wttunnn apya nitan , mSSiannn nH'x nrrew moai nio 
-mm d^jido inr rrn»n tm rn it moa ,na*7B* -m» 
. tnpnn^i D'ui!> hzpb ovru 
wan na iraren msnntpnn nrni Sdi nenipon mjjRi 
-\m ,n'jaiDoi o'pm D^n-'^ya 'j'o . mnmt na'aea tnsa 
moipon ]d prniRn ,H y ianij , nptn niwn wiA □•a , :ttS vn 
, DTB ,I ?in'> nnin , vn 0'*in« dto • S'Sa nroj in D'anpn 
mvijt '» "?yo inx ty nocii o"mann D'TFr^yab *pa 
.D-noxn rfjiya a: marei apya wa n 1 ?^ D'nn d'uip . meht 
-tyz -t by D'oonn o^iya qi w\ na ipyj d^ttj dw 
133 itPN ( D*o'oia*i t *ry ,'tipd^ ,nuian D"mann D"nn 
dj nua 1 ? iyT i»k , tyo'an 'T ^y ik , □'d'je' onea on 1 ? 
trfrnj vn' o'w . o'an «)BW iya ivcyb niSvu nmi 
no-iKn nnaai nianon ni^DDn p m proa "pyn-'aviDi 
DipDD D"nn-^ya nna 'yDn^ nnin mm -imt , no-run 

, aipo^ 



rvjanom nrnan , rrftSunnn , na*aon 'a , unau an 
t \risbv ]TT33 [puvn to "raa vyr laonp , maDn vn amrn 
— ,mnaxnnnn nystpia inv in nine nmn niaan ntto nrw fja 'ai 
rrtnn maDn nrw nrvn nruwinn 'a , mw (tin maien jo 
.DTon 'died nmtnn ^y noni»B tfjiya l^yap 
*a ,ijict3 nun™ nran i:m« d'itm 'a , nvn Sav 
rwin nmnn .-p-fja "py-at a-iub vn □."'wxiDn cronM 
16 .my mr6 anew uhjKW iro nisnino mns ray ten 
iwonn i!PK ,ipu»n mao ^y nnannnn nSys biys i* 
t»k ,npnn nns nao my nrnVin K»n d« 'a .o'^ran pa 
iiny ny nmx i:o «bi mj^van 'oan rrto my uawin «*> 



i^Tjien '-no' 



. nianne-nn ptM run renanm nteann \nvs m , .ibbbdi 
, n'oeun man by una i^pbi ntn nSwn B'tpsjn cutpn 
•nta «]in te by w nw 'inxi nam raxpn te n^r» 
nisipna nnK tea »rrmmn irnix i*bi nvo'jsn vnitopi 
cue iflua tepa 'mann D^nn-tea mn niann ntoptew, 
.te»m Erin ninnsnn ^k D'Vapan cwm d'b'ji 
/ii-uKnnn ntea -imc ,nttm naaiaan rfy&sn ay irr 
nmtona , mur nViye 03 mi? rrtp ntes , maun man ' 
arnica □'■n <wni a'aio "WW nuita worn n'wte'a 1 
. D'tPinn nrtnn wprft n<aiB w dw bj ,-pjr 1 
nunc , arm ^ te ,1"? wno ,-vn vrunn cvrrtes 
D"nn~tea rrnsp nunai onwo inv a'aiai -irm a'an 
iffiDntWrn -ipnn , nyaiean rvtosob nnvi ,iaxs6 kviq nia 
r\iyob ntein iwnn^ , manp awwh , rh\r mann nm 
•jia' » ^ man d'tvi^p sou , rfwo nuoDoi ana-n 
^ia' 16 man jrnn-ljw . irn;i» rbyv\ tnn ana »nrvri 
mux it*« nays'? naiy -»»» ,naion miyono marrti ntpj^ 

. iniennffn 'te o^n-^jra ^ 
U'mann mwa paiteiKn vn jar^ ;a;a , nam natt 
vn «ti , man p irn 1 , caian twrwi nmn , D*anr 
ah nv nnn Dwraan nwtan "ispk ,nvj«S 071 co' a** 
by ainn flbija ntena nn*n rfam a'-ipaa . r\b c'P'edb vn 
txb»i miJKn aipa B'p^rvi B-u-xn te nx nte'i , 
t rrtoz na .inn in mux 1 ? a*pn^ npinn D'lff'Hn ntt f 
firm ma nnwa ,|'oiteixa nana -inv muwi nn-na? 
tmtvi tit cj tex , n«"iu inv nxin rryaarrnTnan .-61J? 
.Froori 1 
arnnn poteiM nianan nnuio • nnn nyi nxr 
ftnwnm ^vk na^fw moa nnswen-nTna ^ n*ni^ip« in 
^jk i«e oya mn naiy i»» , rwtn n^iyan . -m -ji^r 
nnnsnnn •:» prn cmib tvm , 'a-ipa onannan a-nn-' 1 :. 
/iiTian-^n ':d ^r manrr'vi nx anaaan anon 



H*iS ik nrrcn tx!? o'Drvnon nrnjo nmxa 'Snnm nsxoa 
. rvnwom Q'Jpn fuao 1 ? ik oipof> oipno nywnb , cnn 
-npiSn 1 ? ptPK-in iidvi ruin iki nnsttan <oirp nxann nt 
. n-nayn 
n^Kn o"mann nuupn ^3 73 , mn 1 ? norm b^kS e"h 
duie? o'oisa 1 ? 0"nn-^p3 nmenn Sy n'nya to I'jys k 1 ? 
iyo t6 dkh itit Sk ihd rfaei o'Dison nArufin ^>yi 
Iik ory njuo DD*'?yn3,r6nj mpB n"Sfan rntbrsn ■ p 
_myxDK3 pi n-UB-n ba nK -waS oVinwiai vnann oiun 
B ,, nn- |l ?y3 ^p Bewn-na nn k 1 ? cwn ? nrji^iTsn niSiysn 
nn-n k"? dkh timnnsnn 'biu n« npir moa 1^ -nia 
? Bairn-nan ninnonn'? imiffl D'B-iun mmh nnwinn 
Khwmn HK-3H 1T2 wn.1 133 D'oiipn o'pnsn tim 
jwnn . D'njKnan DtsiTanrKn bv unnn yaas d<uip 
iidkh by on*p o/nana nnp -mn^ uhkb nann ouuyn 
jv^am rawwi . na'ja D"nn -,t :y3 nvuwvA yaun pi , o» 
nuvwam ni'BW mnnenn nn'n nnjNnnna rowc n:ncKin 
,'ipnn pie'3 (3 ,nyaron ^k n'BJn (k : noi^a , D'-'yaon 
Wisrhi rxn jntpan (n , nam 'tpn o , noatPDn nem (j 
nNX'tr n\»n rwnnn .mflnne'nn b» n'Bin (1 namfa 
,ikd r6nj moa niyn-n Jin niamnn nn'n nnwinnD 
IP nvoini rmnwan n^Sane/n nn'n rrr'tai rwrai 
RKn nnnn-niViysi nAijm niyxasa ikb nmaj rvmeh 
ran "i»k ,np'T "?a nn*n 'lpnni nyotycn nuiipaS nmn 
anaS ik ( nuiXYm na'aon wrb yjia oiwranrH hpk i^> 
von ^k uoo maiy ,nui»n nuaDn nana in ,m:irBn 
bv mnron viwnn . "6^ Snpn p:p*? nnpyji iniK caaion 
rem wsi bv m , oy3 ik T*n naK^na dikit3hj'« hpk 
w'K bzb s)n'.»D jnB'a'' nwyji nin ;aiKa notPSfiD km oj 
D'Tin-^ya vtw ,WT\«.r\ , :s3 noyan nptnm twi ■^an 
,,-iriK n*fiuaa oh'smk 'jsa noyD o'p'ino ik niv^ o'»w)» 
nann nwn pk o"nn-^pa a^a rtova rumoa nif on 



,*Wbw *1BD 
imam niepn nrtrei 






♦ jitfm pie 

.rmwtn nrunnnn 

nan upim xh panpn dimh ^a m -iipk o"nn-^ya 
n« arvSy n'rys nnannm ^ , iwa ijnn a'«yo;n ; 
iip ro DWisn D'Snjn on»»n ^a nn Dna rwam n'rfn 
, no-tun 'jc ^y oik mvi '•JfiS n:t? □ , B I ?(t - 1 
lamm mawiuipni nwran D"nrr^ya nnuK 
mD3 , ffwi p '-oj't nroa in ,m^tm "by ,iDYaoxj 1 
nn^B»m nis^n rmonnn ,vvt>n a'aa no-mn pivbj ' 
pbn onpiy o'om Tim 'mi -|^no3 own . d-jip nraip 
nocp pt6 mn p^m nmei nmiA ptt*? nnnta fftm 1 
nt D-twaa n'nn-^ya vn» mrjan *hrh . n 1 a»l , n^ate 
noDCDi awao , -ins nwi wDysb tbi af>a owa Hi nt 
bvq ayn no i 7 trnn-^ya .nam i:y ,^j nwi D'cye' 
jitdd .D^'on '^tan run pan minx n« pnanSi "ra 
-mywi ntyxoKa 'jtrn ^h inxna /iitaitrsn nitm-tai nirn 
onw b& tptfm yfxtb '& pas'? nnwyj Sp 'puyji nuie» i 
oite T^ inn Dipoa D'toao vn 'lpnni n^fiinnn . 
mryn . naBtPDi nrrsjin *ib — W Dipoai nMia; 
D'ptn o^an^ hi rmso-ani nnippnnn , cpwyiwi , nanim 
,n6 nt c"n-^ya 'jion wrp hv it-pa onanani onisps 
/n«n D3 wsm w r*we mm pen-man nnnem i 



JXosBOJieHO UeH3ypoio 
Bapm&Ba, 4 Maji 1899 r. 



■ 



■ f "'T3 .H ,S iiD'ena 

rvsbwm mo* 

iffnann mins o'pio nnrw 



.ips-'bsa app 



."iVE'V\ nKSVl 



, 7 <pqfau , uwri i»B^nn .« ,o dims 



ibcoab rAcouiojiono 

t. e. 

OcHOBaHk CouiojiorlM. 

Hpo$. <s*. X*. PnAquHroa. 
HepoBoxt H. TEIIJIHI]£ArO. 

KeflaHie ..TyniIH". 



BAPfflABA. 1901. 

Tun. M. V\. TanbTep* * Ho»n.,H«i»«i1i 






« 

jiovy npp nnwa toaab , rmxrw naanna rrnwn nnrwn ^k 
xrnpio ,icbk irn mam ma .nmaa ?6tn fivnwvi 
jwan .rrmann naannita ' "nori ienn , mr6ia*dfin najwnn 
^yd nwwo m^ao , own DnFKn nvwpnn avi frmam 
jvrnn , .tbwb mw Sa fAaa tfwaan , owrvtel onmi 
^aa D'wajn rarrtan ww ivd noaom mAao mnK 
OP mum muN f?a *orpa .« # T-,-inva naanion muart 

. r6a mam 091 Annan ayiuiot 



. 1 



1*7 . n* ji^i* men • iio* 

fOOIpQfl ^33 Bin 133 1B-K3 , '3 JT , flttl Sisan n^PBTOtW 

npwDi nfi-na Va bw no'pno nmyen r6san .o'jotn *?33T 
ftfTO^ nspeu H33DP nyipa , D"mann avpojn mp'mao 
EWjA , '■na-nfoDi nvjK noxya ni»5 ntooon n^ioo 
rrfcnj ntfnwi SiysSi D'jitff o-roo mimo rw!> ,dmpj 
"it 1 ? troyeS ntsiy km oiSbm '0'3 oj *3 jy , D'eas-nya 
~'«i (laBTia-ira . iwt moa nSn o'E-yon ^3 n« mpim 
^ poVi noa-a 1 : nrn'7 ni'aiBn nnuttn nAi3' nanta o'iio- 

TDynSl □ , 1E' , D'HEtt'C B13b6 , OE'131 f?yi OVPIlKn "fT 

manp o'cys 1 ? rnyxo p di^bm «o'a a: '3 \v ,rwot n^E-oa 
, nSiPoan nifnpe 'ry nmpfioi uscoi pn ■yjya niym 
nai3 h'tpd!) iimno ns-xrn rrjpn n'^an n:poon 
trjijpn o^vnsnn Dnoian '3 ,nioi»n km mann nJ3!y 
— nroynmn on*3 0: ok '3 , n»tvwnn orra pi k^> o'nxdj 
niaaS anajnipo nn' o"ioion Sai iDia^ layitpn idid 
%»jt njim km rnana nji ,l jyn mbaan mam , nn« n'^3 
n*WKtfn mann mas . nhttn o"nn jib^wii 0"i2nn d'tkt 
rnuxn pi , D'lana bet rwrrnm irtavii or.a'wn km 
■hsio . niein niaon "?k ma* 1113 niacin pa 1 ? nviic'jipri 
,nifiM.ni'VM ik tdi&i , yion ,mn vjj6 nnuwi ^Ufftfl 
rTjyi^ DKi nam 1 ? ok ,W3Kn nro *?y rnts» rtfnyfl ni^yia 
, niaam mSiyan pa ohm pica , nnayiB-a fan mHatcn ^?« 
( ats9irem bttti TjyS nrruKm nwion ( m'DuipKn nnuOT 
pi mfejnfii nio-pno hSkh rvniatn , mom piaa , -a [y* 
n« Ten Tsn ■''jK-yicn hstrn . nviio^ipn nnwtn 'aixV 
t ^v , ,l wxicn .133OT ns nay iranS rrnspn nfttn notta 
s'yidi »»n nyscn nnn .nrjsr.ni n^3Rfi n- 1 ? r D';i33 o"i:b» 
D-nn-n rwi nmJKn n« D*»^no ik mann >e»k opino 'Sk- 
. o^'naSipn o"nn nwisnn rojnn nnaab noitffia n'jwwt 
nniannn niwn nSsn niman 'nca nn» ^a 'airt 
nwwn , mann nrrDie ran t&tta ,muyn np^m nvraro 



,hvab ,0'Hn una* •mo ,nn» maina n«3DiBn D^upye-m , 
caiman . "D'inon ffwrn,! "D'PBnn-o'Jian,, [man bw 
*w j n^rtprrnian nnno muttS d'djtbS cpyj o n mann 
irjjwjwn , Win <s6 , on n^tta d'idid Vb> /vvmn Dmoo 
st rbxn cioion -*bdd .n'oTBn niD^ntKini caoifin 
. ikd ny rhtto rh» nijierai nuw nnnran onviuiam 



^K'tion n:apn mitt by rhych oniDttn onaino 
■*a , mown nyin . cnnx crt'jia o'astro x'xinb unw n'Sia' 
. n:ia;i nviw njn ten wi inn niao 1 ? non mann naao 
tWiwn m* vwna tcic p*m 'tin nabS Sba nyru nb id:bd # 
Sy onpsan nnatt-naipo mwa mann hv n'Jnon .tyi 
tiki , Tin «iia nam o-asyn-na-iyo oy nO'Kfion , 
J nWw-'nat* naiya mm rroiaipttn miayn bi? ropininn 
ttjm jw ™? *?aa . Sayni n:mn ^a naiyo oy nswncn 
main nStt> prba bi"U rwtfi biy nwn rwwrm *;» thdh 
n'niann iTVPM'iwn n» o^naon annvnn o^m-oni n*inn 
. ansa D"nn •bya 'suai b^aa D'Kva:n ike> bao 
o'KYOJn nKis ban mann n« cbnaon D^o'on pa 
noio 'a ,1-rncsn rvbjgn apya aicn nm-n p'on nam 
*w onTnViya rw n^s d^bsd D"C"iBn moicm nWpon 
D'an cias i;n;x o'tm D"nn 'bya Ss« , lain natt . n^x 
•van ,nn« --|N r« o»nn 'bya anpa bax , nuvnuw tpbinen 
.« nbisa cavy ik D'pmy-nanya , o'Sisa S«g"^3 x<faj 
'*yg nnpb nvnan i« .tbib mux ba nSia- ^jcinbn nana 
B&mt nywn»a , cmann D*nn nibiyeo nbiya ba navy 
a*avyn - naii?D unnff win ?3D;n jo *nn«)ijn anpa "ran ,-pb 
in , o'tPin o'pmp in Siay-'Sa D":si:n oncnno nw ncm 
•no ni^iys n« inivn npa D'^yia msnnffnrr^ayy vn-» 

iijjina nvmanni nvoTsn nnunn , rmBntna ik e«n.i 



Jiujino nv 



f 




mn6 rtnvcn ^a nnjrny^ pw , joss rnifiaci nnjru no w 
jnp-na u o'omrrni3n„ . vh peco ran pi iVsk , pina 
nm'pncn ,nStta nrnjH i,es4 no , Bn nD-|H'*ilfc itk*; ntrm 

„the Sttte Charities Aid A««oin»tloii" man , wf) J HW l T]>3 

mifoo n«a nSap ifm 1872 r:s-3 piiTja mou n»K 
nteacn f«p npiYrrnaia Sji mirm mm rw nnammx-is 
km ,mtn D'TDion niSiyo ^3 naia nWaan jw n« nfaVl 
nnp*o nniyyoKa '3 ,"ikd iy nr6xio .txi'miin ^>b> noon- 
^onoicn rarpfi by noiaom m»m ,rrvnsn rvsnnaS'in 
Dtif , ion |voJn mini? 'sa , ran a-wvaj naipa *ir« 
Brtron [nam rum nwmr»i . eya-i6 nsooa o"» 
, cftawm njn dtdd. an , DiM -, :ran i ? mt;-n* a-cripm D'tik 
nnya up* niwnn mam S33 onipo owspni ninam nno 
, n*8na:S'£n noanru nSn np-ii\-rnciaS nnm . nnnan- 
Wftnsnvtivu pai nra "nan ^3 rrn nS rre-joi "je 1 ? tpk 
l#»ion ,n-non nma^p rniap nmo^ nrtwrui ,n»WttS 
iy □••nn-ai^i? nxis bs\ e"Jpn aSa paxn amn mnnann'j 
»jmj e'lnun n« as noian jama napnom ^aa o"yt?ien 
, mo-nan 
tnf *WK TBDfr'nai mo'Dia^wn .o^jnamm TfiDO 
Dn anamn nbx "73 ^3K ,nira an- nnarrnwwa rbvoon 
nivnwa om'pnon nba»nn nam Sa isDaa 'iron p^nn pi 
mnmSipn nnuwi miayb nnm o*pno -mi 'xmi ,r6wt 
.n^an snon mvpaa inw pirpo NivaS i&s* 'tt .nronen 
nTPm maiSiVen mm in mamaaxni mean ,np'rsnD' 
pbnn . nnK miw ipk -nrra 13 pojrnn t6 iitn , moayn 
D'aaion , D"jHDn nnpim niB'a-a'jixn K H Jn 'raa Vnj—ini'n 
,ni'Bi£3 nnux namri? nnm o'pna ,nmi,-n o'Tyroman 
orrnnswa amnan an^nn sos.ooo.ooo bzs bra -inim p'jnm 
,d-"B-ib D"»3K niai:a nnn: ncp-inp -nn> 
riBniifDn--wvn ,ann-'a-^ , onanno omsn-nnana 



**t: t»,ooo ijf nfy n'lan ibodi ,nvisai nvjiTp nnan 

. (« -yiyh 200,000 ny a'-iann ^edu it p nrw 

^I'sian nwauipitn rmuwi niSiye -ai '■v nSwn 

'""t'pa n^Kn nruxn rvftipe .rvnon rt^an ntena noiaj 

ftftjin ; nir-inn nm ffinn .ivtsd n« , nairn-miay rat 

"'iinon 'wbm nvwai ^nan mSaaa nipt;? oipaa nninorr 

""'ion ; opinio nrom "rnino 'Vara,, nnan niyyoto 

Bttoa-'rsy^ nrra niyvoka , d^ie-d o'pjir rojnreia a'npan 

frten jD-iw o*p33 myrow ,B-iaa -noa -r^Si S?aa 

;.T»ane> ninp niyvonai nnn« bw nnan myxnsa D'eoan 

Wawwa nroiaipun pBrrnar6oi nawwrrarfco , njnrwV 

. tr^nerrmiiwi rnKi^nrrnnuil 

c'Kvia unait rrBisn mia^ipn muttn naaina 

ptffenai D'eyaa .ninaita m 1 - m con o'PM tvrwpttt' 

Sv Iflww: n« nmaSip mux b rrvao ,Win -b 1 : .mnow 

j^QpS niaia "mrfe dins a*yiT caya w niyvr rraiot* 

ftW$e> L :a H'aa o»WB li'K n;n ^k'tkh is jtrann □'nan 

htt nt a-pimn d'imx Sy pan-man nysjea a'cys 1 ? .d^ 

^?p Tppa ippnnS tnxnnS ai pmo orpnuiDitai arrmyia 

pflWi r.x;n mam nrv-iaa o'cys^ , nn« nmo'sip rnux 

laia . nto nt nennS pmnnS myiai ni:iana D'anp 

uKn -,!ps , f* , -p«r6 "|"ix i:S ptc mmo^ipn mium 

las ,e"i rwiooi nyiap rrcfrarw b& miv rwai^ nSxrr 

Jfrjra p iw* , c" ; n'-rn nnannn -l ?ff-mi* pS nnma 

f mn yxpab nia*» prmSiyfl . viaa rnSyia ;nt? , b»i 'ifeo 

■n m-i'VM , -|i:nn , a'yian , (npixn-nwyn) n'sna^an 

,D*jnpy»n ik 

HjWi -[in 1 ? inpS nnnsn nvsvsaj'pDn nnintn 

i*? wvnn nvcjsn vn rjnnjen nyn ny ic« , npnirn-nwyo 

WOiana mntpi peoaa niann nV»n nnuNn .ia mpicy 




^m 



H 



reram T3TS ni^Sa nveo'Ec-D nio'ten , nnp nrt , u 1 ? 
naai i^aa 133 nbwi nnarmo noa ,inr &"« yx . 1V1 
jaiD-'n^ai "li mn ran nam , run ovn i\y nvrpim nrwa»i 
o"na ixo bra i"?«n nnann -ny '3 ,2b bx a-tr: ax ,Byaa> 
ns'ONa niScoon nyjyna nrnrucn nya »ai , o-'ouipwj 
nnann 'j'aa D'ins nEoo ban . ^aa d^cd'eud onsDO 
. 12b yiT I'jsr? 
-^l?a nnan nnx mwa nma:n ninawipwi nnann 

, n^yierrrrnani rroti^nn-nnan ]n ,paan 
nnn fwm niyspaa yvpai pvpo to kscj ayfla 
nir: cpiap ema x-an 1 : niB*i»n ( niym maea nytW 
-iana cava 1 ? p nbxn maoon . Q'npoms^nai nmnan 
*va nirtttan ,nnnvo ni'srjjniK a'DpoVi ,caic3 tuck 
D'Kin 'rap'ri ivyvp niy'an -jsq y^n 1 ? rtD'K n'ranai npra 
jitt -npnSi pnaS ibsb raea oianpno n;a;a> ,nyin .otw 
n^sn rniuwi neoa rw ny-6 ]vdj n»y sS , msiSnn-nn«« 
niya ,nwin nn'on nna-na paen »^a, -a ,*jjbo Waa 
niBHiBn pwiiVipft Jin nn inn inv nia'ma rnwvi nnuantf 
,"psn nus b:, bx inn^i reran mpvpa ^a by as/mi) 
inv iDJa: .t^xi i^xn nnux 1 ? n-p^n no-en ncp ti^ --un 
. moe> eftta 
np'nao na:n , D^yien nnux pa ,ten D^pien-man 
jispa trn . n"n nxSai n'trpca nm ,naaiio fwanw bv 
janpa niVjian nv^jvvnaj'Ni nrowb o^yitrnnan x"s 
xiia'pani D'-isaai anpa nnnean nroipa a^yis-nnns 7,isa 
1,600 my nay nnaino n"?« na'ja . anan bio,2oo ^an—pa 
man aic ^p iatwii-p t6 ntt-N ,nvB':o o^yis-nnwn 
Firman vra newsnn mi:yn-n'3K man .{irrawS 
■«,ow ^V B >'" J - »*it , W j nnan ieo by isse nj»a noisy imvi 




, nvwpxn nnuttn by pon-man he nrjzvn nspma man 
o'Tvan -;x^' mai-p a'cys 1 ? nirx ,Jimn maiyna ,b?zh 
^ nrr iiayS [omn mruo as .jiayn rnnxa bj) D'»fci 
wii: -123 "ffiw , DHYitfn D'^vsn op nn« ns'saa ir6 
ron-man .irwan nunnn niyxpa bao onirwn b^im 
w rfjrun nx:a>n .-uytM rby iew ,0'Dan nw fsixa jrn 
oneiyn a*6yisn btt (a^yien man; p'jwn nan a^yisn 
3":ip 'k;j ■:» maira anb a'K-iip an -iffx ,)VttKr6 pna 
i*w ninn 'on^an ma' iipnd nine x^ aa^a arris 0*1301 
Jw oj nniaa ramaa naaasBi naaoo nun na?n , Djnsi 
.nan two in by n'jxten 
B$yifln dv ,^'Jin 's^ ,onanno ar« peon ,l ?ya 
Throra o^yien ay onnwio an ,nnx n'ouipa muits 
,Swa^ ,nnus inv in otiso nn« ^a niaa*non n-.^ij nann 
pen »^ya mini p^n mnpi 1 ? n3 ijpk , rvniBpffuo mana 
.nni'D , nnn» ffTyiErnnuK 0: 1st ,o^yian mum nnso 
rrrarh jma ivd mp^nno nvanun ni'DUipun nnann 
-*Sya mian . maa-nya nnan^i o^yis-rrnan 1 ? , paa-'^ya 
r/mraen Saaio ai=B Kin ]bw mien «pan aiaa ipx , poon 
, nSajia p a: km marei ni!?yflo iya onann by n?aion 
P«i mianS npn ^a« , a^ap a'poya pn paynn 1 ? nnEfaia 
t»k ,n>na nrs -urxpn ■» "jy nfrao p* nnram *iem 
wrwi , n^pj by ftiayirfr ^la 1 papa ruton *pan aiaa 
p*>» a'poyn i»m , nr;an -iboo nil main 1 ? ninPflurA 
npn — , btivd nunM ^ya a-tpjx «<y , ^jt?i •'sh , corona 
nennm inaan 'pay nya nrnrfy urutt ooti ifwn nnanij 
tkd urux D'pfiBB , nc(*3\ . luata ix-ia;t!> D'owym a-hrun 
BtfavrnTan ik nnrutrrnnan i« ,a'pjan vbiy rn bk 
W nnsnnS ^"ouipun i3"n3 -[a-^a vh nmrnn ,nmnan 
j'K , i::i3Ki^ , (1 "i^iff paan-^ya nnan mty ^a D'pnn^ 



i9s y '3 t& "."p'tom nnrnunrnwiw, t sw twvw S~«j ^> 



Wsa D-D33J ytw nniovi . D'mmn to o"nn Syi twain ' 
.Vim 'B 1 ? , rn bbpoi pin tjj6 nwipion nroTKi rmai 
hhsno xn 1 ' in« bib ,w:i" D'ODinni Dalian jt 
(gD'yai^poa iD'rw ■q fowna j nwr 1 ? d^»» 

D>-)B» D'ai DTMK 1303 Hin 1I71H nan 1BDD3 .1851 i 

h^wdd pion naco .n'maie ddttjt ns ixi ick ,iid ' 

WtP'Iff H33 ,^'JTl TIJO □ , XiT DTVSM W3IWSh. r IW 

„Ka-Eiui-KiaD" man . rnana m» ib>k , main nijnenV 
1866-1S6! nwa nvomn nixiiu nana msa nasuu i 
O'pnn n« nSVYim hiiproKa a^m mooi r6 nawa ■ 
nam ntnna mains nrm , nmmiwan a'iaj?n mat!? i 
vronn paan 'a , nn^» n:icxa irattn itwc , nSxa ma 
Tats dttbi 'aw vwo i ( ?ap,-v tth dk Sib'i Baion' i 
vh ,mann nccn»n BBSS' ,DISXfiifii ^as . mainni / 
D'aalrn B'yaia.n man ,^jn an 'nsa fibva.1 
laaS maa^ n 1 ? wan nta; k^ niaitjon nttmtaj natsni 
nx ptD 1 ? mac 1 ? ,n m^n dj cn , rrtjwD nx p'lirfri r 
.Tnaon iDian ; 
, jn D'Bsironi D'pnn '■yzy i ? nwipioa nvmsn nnunn 
bnSTi papv ina , riin ^a by , nnnoj nnian ,;rna. ■ 
nitrnpicn nnuwi n?nri wsssn "itrena 'a r nwai ■ 
, 'toai ^ -rna ititi^jb rw n6;*is dbbcsi pn 
,re«ai .ona nival nuioo uispa trpVincn pa *pr6i 
■jt? D"n-na„ oysa oysa awjnb Jrutsn Btsano iaasi 
onaitm 'cn-3 onfiin D'aiaaon nx iro meat ,"n 
. r6*6 n^x an 
*njiso naa nnya nrsuipxn weokj nmaca 
p ravn .oawiai vr.ann DJV03 m*? rtl a'cn i 
nain rvDinpKn miwa mn pun p&nwrag paj nruB 
rnuxn nan nx "t»jsgn cinn ; nnusn ■«(» ^aa *i»w ■ 
□: ^an .n'BiEn n^p*nn icn n^x oy ,-6x ,tq 
-mrwa .porrmana nprr .mea m>-£ciD •bnn nm 



jmaa rbp: hy nio'aaan ,-*iSj rrarym* c>* nni$a .an 
jwtoh miuHn . aria ■;■:>•: pp^nrrt waiejT ,-iyr- L z nst 
, bw*& ,w jns3 crrnrn ffnsEwi rrna ik rnVr^s Qi'Bjsn 
tw**n D'D2!Pcn run c'"irn dm -ngj?^ "jRitjn nrin^n-rn-a 
ream "?a . cnn ct:s:i ovm r-ne aojpop 
(CTHsnon ni-mtn niysoiu pn Sryian bx nt(s£ rpiy q'^ia 
»2 , mown nyin trn n;iaj nna-lrt .lain gag rrr "hjju 
wj Dipan pn D-pnn'? rfciai ny^aienn nfwpjajj --.-■-.- 
nSronn •?? nin'j»3n ,ni:i»i man nvans nr^io ijniAB 
v?aj» ,t3^i=:n nK rwiViyfla Tiajjn ^a 1 ? , ntrvm m-ptra 
Dwpwwn '«A niyso nroiEn nnuiei . dtmjipoti o-pnn n 1 ? 
rv&ys n« mren mpaa nnpao jn jD-nn a-prr r:"i 
D'^yn Ewwn D':ip.in nx tos n^ nwan pi rfogsan 
.eyes ,p*?n nnpiS rfarfion v* we*a .naRpoa, r6noa 
$M 1MB irn 'MTian amBcron . cr»Tn a-pn njjxna 
iKTnsn 1 ? pans dj pmcm , nnon irepa mpci sbvt c\~; 
c; p.- xini r vrn\ iipamrma ft c as .man-nww bar 
. nnyn *mnh rnan-mmtta nnrrvDn mvixn 'a'x:^ y:i;a 
hj«ww omwa BTono , Vran {a d'kxi* D'Dyo na'ro ,0'pnn 
jtPppwon neon |rftw by aftipi nruisn rmujtn "jins 
btp'je'dj mrftwn .nrnwn rrfrvw?Q &jpVvjp.w troilpfl 
nfcaa • inyxn 1 ? y:i:a jnorttiran ^no ^a ^y ir*Brf' apaXXi 
(pjawin p* rftwi nrroitn nnon are , aipaa :nnx 
w BTBpn'anb naipa ret nrvan tfpnjft rfttt" nvisxn 
. naSnan jya-iaiarft 



n*pinn »«p> numpian ,WBTen nnuttn -iaia 
naSo , n^tn nrrowi . fnw r ft cnrn wr a ' o a » a n i 
jfinwWifei rmutt p ,bbzn \a srnrv a*syD a 7 D"« 
imin w nWcana o'iiaa o*asir inor6 nrm mormon 
ten ut n^i m»M n» iapy npK ,r.'D2i»n ^b D0^p6 



w 



em nin 'mann nvpn »a ,nevy nye nnxa o-rei 
n^anfj em xin iesa nme-x'j /euwi nun naben rrfoi 
fTttjna nsi pixa on , caeinon . o'mani oveien nj?^ 
rhynb laiyn iai H*n ntAffnn fna 'tsnwn mm rAnii 
mco^ em »ai , a"Bi3 d'B>jr ^e on'my'Toi an'mn: 
iexa , mn ity 1 ? nrteaan nwa p ^ao . navy nbeoon * 
iry 1 ? ik , n-mran nnrun mn i?yb rrona n'jeaan i 
man-mruta O'sn tiros ipsa .nyian nSaenm -ju 
»"ik djj ,mn ns dj naain meaan ie« ,e> . nsixa I 
nvi'iD id , nam W)33 is , iroriBai rr^UM tea , rhzv; 
naSaa f?a , ronon "na niyisi nHiao '"rt nwao ; 
, nriBDrft yjua .T^y m'raian maim nn ujota nrao mbt 
na'ona rrmain t tsv 1 ? n^ine'oi , O'mani naenan nta 
. yia noiai o'Tx-manyn , ntpwSa'a , n1B , D^a , J■ 
,dh;m '33 tk na^i ms:S p dj tukii rnwrun n6w 
D"xi-a:n /yaan 'S'ti •»a , bfl nne^y maea 1 ? roTOi-B* 

. ae yjn UMM3 " 
rrftasio n^ian n^caan main »a , nyaian nyin ay 
^y nruvnn natnat ouixvi catiH "flea rann natna ; 
rtyma nyi naana nstn npoion nyin ay — *B'j(n di^b 
'otiipsn yxpaa pi niSyw nrenen nrnan 'a , maisn mnR 
nnusn pa nnaa: -mm ,Vjns3i na«a bzn ■ ■niB^tpm 
. rowan wjpa ntpciyn F tb« jn nroiBfj 
niepen ^ya dims, rrnon musn ^« D'o:a: ^Saa 
nepan ainn *a ,^a "ma vwb upas . d'ib OTjyi nnn 
*ian . perr-man mm n^s ay n^s won irnj«fi '»« n« 
twaiai itiwjto i 1 ? nan nnx acaijia b*a 'a , yiv acans 
nj*7sa •?« onanno o»ai ce'jn . -jp^aianna inr nra-jsn 
nvinan Dn*nwpwni Dnvnjnw 'iso ah Tins ik nst n^na 
D'anp one ^so □« 'a , run lain tn mey^ oms Tiirnoo 
, nitron naVaan Ss on'oyaai an^ma 
■■'fi-by , D^a'Ton D"nn owmo Tian esnn mnn 



.t-tu runen n»ane>a n rebsrft . nvronn roaTnn ng 
rrnx 'J33 naixn ■jyD'nanpn , n'ea'tfwin , jwdk31 dtiio 
r;nu fwi rvtan 1 ? ; nniptnnrfri nmairenn!? D^yusi pro 
nxi whan n« D'p'mon nny tea o-nom o'taBttp mnom 
, tr pj sn ia n ni^iyca mpyn naian . rrfou "pna nniann 
noaori •nrt ran^i ~)2rbi a-ainS km anaiem fftaswn 
rw ,nnnvan nvnflci n« .nrmron mfAnon nx nva 
.nnsaip o'Dia^Nn nxi onnrnn DTSiTannn 
*r% mana naian n« traa nn Tpann 'iSa tea 
te nip'ina laacia . D"ciaipRn mann "n by nycwn nViya 
-npan 'j'aya manynm niyaesn Apt 1 nx jfrra nunni 
grawi nn asm nnn D"«yoj ffpaam errpn T3y . nataia- 
aa trnpon ■#» te~ maa nyspn niyntPonwiDn ^vra 
p'jn ^y D'sya 1 ? nwenwi nnnva d^dshi o'pin myxasa 
-mv - N3 D*Kn vnax iffxa , o^aiaipxn o"nn 'p^ne bin 
nte>oan ntm« manan tea ,nw«ai mama ,man 
.noDisn n« — xtraryaon te» 'tPK-n 'yxaxn ntt rrra 
, nbvaan noiao mia 1 ? fpaten oa rw ncwH nixixa 
1« ^tais o'spax T3 , ann 11 by ,nitwaa ^ra-rnitea 
ana .n:»b naspa maanai naVm jn^y nte»oen nm»n 
rvb "jnan-rotea n« •ncch niaroa wya naa ninon 
pm ,nnarrnwwa !?te vrtm x^ n^«n nuroan ..iVoa; 
anym nrwn.rw i^jn .nvn tev ,»mnDN<ai n'aa-iaa 
.inv nVnrn onyn -jina nmiyn "jnarrnitea by caiTyn 
n-8) mxvin nwa ,tjw i« nms ,npoiy mtenaai te 
-TnnM nSffaa w y craun D'oprmsn .nitnn (capn 
%» nvoiaipwn nrnrn .anSim p»ir<te on u'B'a nnan 
• 'nsixn paam crit»n nan^an- , T | »aB on nsiTR rtbwst 
jipoa oj biysh rbvntsn nrnaio ni^j nan jeito 
urn ff mann nntppnnn 'a , D'nn nnan nan . ■niE&ipr 
nm 'a jH'airn «*?i t rpEns nn»pnn bra inw np^na 
en . ftTmyiai mnon ^aa coaaan D'»3ttn mtraina rvbn 






^baa nVoun nwiwifc Vpion bs »6 bm , on-io tPTVOA 
m^apom mrttnon twvrm nnwa nnieeunnb qj ^jr* 
,o*3Kn an nHa^n rbvaon wia .dthbksi nyr«n pjt 
m^ijrfln nit ptffti t»*6 nvj'TOfl onvii'Ha mwenra^ 
•rw^ v/jan mfDyan in nintfji rfwsan !» 
, mnte mi;x a-spa nrao nruit Kia<» irn "D'vwv? miMi 
,.t^n o^iaJ twVm D'iznn -©» , no'iao ninai nam -in:* 
bnannnwys xbtt , mo-ram nuiaan nnuxn wr "rxiaa 

.133D 

d'jpij a*ft *hpr , avamn D'wip: nVwcon-'Jaw ana 
tartan yijA wia ,-cMn n» o'lwrt nwin nit "a"ini3„n 
. n:nan 'S»io an r&wi wsa-iDn ,o^>aa .mwno nitopeS 
n*:aa nwtwi niiann aipa niia-SJ inrn nr,ann 
.navy iw h^rwa mxr nnsn , •jnpn-nnan jn ,-fw^rf 
B"n '"no rut rwpna ,n ,- ian ntti nnons rwt n'ra^a 
.mr:y rifcuna ana pvnn *« c ,t,( -2i C'pm - 1 - npapfla 
, HVWfi nraipan 'fl*> aybrh mann nit nfrtoe ttvi -p 'Tin 
*init *?a f>y nbso , a-a'jeSi a ,; ?'::ib , s»a*oavns , m i J ifjem 
.nvai inn ^a 1 ? ram: myr- mam rAttn c^nna vi 
. bnprrnnan jii aa"n» -hwi nnnwi ni'Mfn nnuxn . niyi-p 
B'Kiian , D'ppmonmwBMi bimb^"*"! canine nbx ^k 
jCipin , win TaoDi nuaewfirfinan , nnan vH n« 
. nva'Dipni D'-is'cn-mar^ 
jitt D'rao a"nan onsion bv bm tnvn pSnn 
iir« to Fttp»nn irnpao nnwi niSijra w ^p nWn 
. bxpeh n:m ten vsi ni>r6 n fl ' "i* pmhot no : Iw^rtl 
intf iM cwwjton jmwa i^itn mSipan nx ipin ji^ian 
-oy ru'TBn by m^yen nwwis ^-ica . vry im 1 ? nfani 
(WtrVwtn bVw a nrini runu ^a . B«tf«wi a^'ayn 
'jw ny -, pon-mssoi wven mam na^a ^nraqr^y nb&a 
.a'^an BWffl □ i nann c^oyn naia^ b-:;zh nainn 
^38^1 o'^nS K"n nnan ^c ffWffl 



■•sfcTiuran rii-iBWi nvy pi mn town Nffn fd w 
-ifsn airan naan 1 ? mraa p aiyorrnimio ivh , nnui 
i« npnxn r 7rWW]p» ropiop pi ■rnionTiWTRai 

. porm-oro 

; nr-ran nun f:y irn orwirt bt^Wi trnn m-pn 
rr-ipvpn ni^iion -m-aa pi npioy wttahlWAWWl 
jrm*n ^k n:ncn 'aire maim cnnx D-srm ,vwi ^» 

.nMm 
*nBn tn'yatan niann ,- ian *?3 n« nnon nEpcn 
riM nspta rfipntn, : nton ana*» nSxirn !* eve D\ni 
9pt QHTpn d'c-kh Sa Sy nawsna w*w n«rww«i . ^ 
fltosmrtrei .rr^um mbbot d-tth s**tn nwwt to 
in) TTr nrw 'a , na'jna nineS , own d;'k Snpn~ , B2E'Di 
vnvaiS y:i:a nayb *?ia' nj'isn 'Soa "in: WttB , (pip 
MBOB n ' ; ' n : una pi ^ats . i» itnob ;■ 1 n vniav ' 
n « -i a n pi nnon vim p . ftt'Ufi ^Saa o'WT2F | *Trtto 
f ■*P3Wl d-ik Iffl an c ' r fl^Ti . bru, *?ian caysS 
WTipJ 0'ijn bzn j ■tyros flth&n mena fln% 1 
,o"iann n3"ft:n "na arpnlVfcea Wifl** iipn ,fftR 
, *nian , fwibn nrnsrfc nmnwneaai cwihoi rrp'' 1 
■yina on as ravel rumen mc6 "KftntJrl trier in tvh 

. n 1 ? Bnan c;\\* r6m BWBfflffl bax , nricn ,( ?ia; 
o^aiD 1 ? rmsi naatia caivaniWi trpfrii TWft 
( -B*jfVi trttrai ,^aa cSpion ,r6woan , : , ,-i; : 
Dfw6iiwa DWiewn D'psttn ^a . O'^ft-tf^fin k aS1 
nnrn onai r; 1 - ^yinS c^inBsm D'nann n: ,- ?an-"n, 
, n"7Dn bv <y?3n piaa rtwoen ^fsa 1 ? r-nn: wnC 
c-DEipai dti naiyaa ntsrana nwn mwlart n^WM 

„PolitiC!il Scencic and Com jinr lire Con p! [ Iti ,ti iinn n 1<; Jay,." i 1 



18* 

cm 
w 

DVD 

inn 



1S6 .maiS I'JiBn »*iid' 

-nvian bv bv)3 ieddi -pjrcn niieon .cmon mnan 
. cyipyp 
iiy ,mnv&i nmooD naS ,nb p' ruiaa iVTW ^2 
1 , j&v .TiEon oy mo'ttnon nyiT mai nyiT naaTi 
nina a'on^'-U'Kn n« rnano rutson rnistn naann 
fDTNT d'jid '£b oj .noiy nptp nnixai o'tnvo • o n B 
-•pjtt nm O'Brien nn nt?inn mw , hvob , nann -ip«a 
3^ aiB- 1 ? wSy nniwn S» naannn nn mpn^> umaa . piann 
'lan jtk -uppon *]r)iPDn pjjrn is naropon ruiann ^k np'ya 
.nt bn ni muxn 
'»:« D"ii»p nap rrvranwn km njiaon imiin n*aa 
it* na ocarina o'iipn cjidhd D'p'ttn . nt Sn ni rrrtWa 
munn f>ai , nyotrcni paSpn tic ty ik ^31 pi»n iid' 1 Sy 
.□nyi t« ni'D'tsip jfiwrpp^ p -:dd rmansi 
, mnD] i« n^j nvnS r6ia' n:iaD mu« b& jwrpanwi 
jna^caa ib'BKi D'tran tup ^yn ipk , niroon nnuttn. 
■wds irwjo nx Ton mpiy , niVrun onsi nn , n:-a 
.D'ypian Dronn n« nbvu nmiaNa ayaa ayaa a'P'syoi 
nrann nx o^'jra n^wi o'jcon vn dtMiT'B' nsipna 
tntWO unjK nny bin , nam* aiyaa m nrmwiKn ntn 
■nimna dj , ikd nipim D'nyab pi .ninno: nivruiw op 
fcnan inann . "py *s^> an nnnojn nnuttn iadd px nnan 
"Un'fi nuvinn inx win nt p-pja nra pai np'Ttw pa 
. .rvj-.^xiDn nEppnn mipio ,ivhtj np'Tbx .oWffl 
'by , niymon , nreen nnam mux te nbn: nP*i raroa 
umx nM3 . W> 'iVj jn'yvan nxi invmaD nx , aiva 
iippa u ny ir nnippn ino-nnnn bw rhm nan d'nxic 
CropB^ a'nno jiTiano nan ba ipn ,ns?np nyia» bv 
ni'K p 1 ,n»in ^aa .(nnnan mo ntt ini^a ma-.nain 



, a'p fo „Secret Socitiea in China", Saturday Review; C» 
. 331 'Jf ,lSiii njs' -a 



mvanS mormon nuiaon nnimatr nbna invn 
nmjtoio ik'k , rpxraanwn nmit noiba , na*Ton ton irmw; 
rwi rrnwn tin "paio , nobs' man by ^.s'l'icn baa>n h 
Ttssrm niaipnnb d'oti nmoi m*a»n nnuwi be> mam; 
mbiysa rroitnnn mo men nx nmaon , rwion . h'bra 
sshvr nnb rutin icn , □ , «:nn -p-by mnp , a-ncn a*nir 
. "oi^bi nam bts D"n, nvnb wt 
, minsn nmjRn niDEiin wtbti nnK -ypn cipon nx 
ma , wnan be DTiym nibiyfln wo ba nit nis'po p*x 
laipai bru Vijjp aavy -u:b «p„ .onix napo nnont 
^sbita m nv fit orunnoi D'fliBSpn ,B*aap cbiap n: 
nx nxt ba3 may 'baa ,niaiw nnw 'sbxa ,o';iw d*3I 
jomn rHcromitn nxna oa Kin roa ; nnw aaicn bia: 
. (i na nnffojn nwwn witrwiwm reran ' 
nnutt .nipbno yanttb nipbnna rn^aian nvrawi 
oma mo 1 fna nianrwnn ,}nw pi nyiwin np&roi 
nbxn nrmxn mbyo , nb&'ccn njna nnbn—nba . o^no; 
npbnon bx . jrtraoi ;nn 'sb ban , D'btpio minim D'bo' 
pmbiya nit mbyisn , nrmm nnuxn nionvio j 
*h nx , manp o'ayab nruanon ( D'oscani own i 
Lewrrny] ibisab .nrnoa on-wn oyinn bx ,tb 
■npbnon bit ."caabn n^aian, nnan ix •jbg-Dfrtjj-ip, nrts 
jiraa nacnb nnovion ,maiwn nniattn nionvio mp*5w 
.^d D'sivn npaon m/yi \rb nmn iipn ,n»nni tidd b 
jfjpsnn npbnab .nmooi nyiap inv bb3a mann ^tw* 
nacnan , E>nn *r:ya mpioyn , nvoien nnuxn ba not, 
-ninrennb b'pinb xm jmao new ,mniBbpn nnuxn , rmorii 
BTfTtn nrojan niDaa: nxtn npbnon bit . rmn3E> 'XBin t 
^flpTXT. ni-an ,;na manan niaapn nvvrwiixn ba i 



, j" y ,La » 



3 con temporai uc, Foaillee : (* 



.n> ii^ii r;n --lie' 



D'E 1 :*! VPpa in-3 cwpnwn S» ]Spn rrn , (i pflts So -\ 
n-n iSp Saa . !>Sbi 'Stss i p pp r w wkts nay ■«« , o 
BEpn tpwrw main iew , myn Sa oyoa "nan .inra ■ 
rrn Kin .naa "inr w nine ysrs Sa 1213 am nx 
DHiDDn D'B-sffoni o-r-n ni< (tbtbti anra ^bS Taotai - 
nSKn rffuanm anwan •no 1 Sy nowi -n-r-rna ]bpn ' 
0; . wvb BTp tbki nasu -aw mpa S3 nwi ncya Sa r 
.ana in* S3 twna naiy rm "nvrnan„ 'r^yS TnTO • 
om« t-hhSi ts^nam srwmn mnaa innertS 
'Sa ^Sp— nam new rtt Sa Ta ruin: nrwi nme 
-liDK B»^y n-flBW nn-n ;Spn ^jina rannreis . M«R jo » 
nyjpnssa f r*on bg? j'jn? 3"ina m iSpn *tata ins S3 . 1 
. Brra^KD opannSi iS B" ~wx S33 on 1 ? -nryS , -pS na 
troan ™ SapS ,oaian dp iw nswS *«n rrn ■ 
,om d^jk lnrwwa <Ti33 visfa •fl-aro mvfa iS ■ 
]Spn bu ttnpn mi«] «|fviwn nnK S3 ..-inns nine 
. <SSan miiprrmw na.p iS rmS Sia' mn - 
-ik>k , nanSan nnaaS mwo rnu« np<jn Kin earn 
crwo enn* crjiruB nyai^aS ik nnK j'n:a nyaoaS ' 
*vman Soi my nwpro nSw.n nnium S3 naSo . ma 
juiosn nnauS nviDyion nnnDj hituk nam cd: 

wnnenn ^tnneni ruaen nnsnn oman-mana 
Sax , irSK-vian nasinn Sya npyn ipSna -ram noSt 
. niaSiPn numaS man dim np» ru'tt nwn nmanm 
ruaonS rpSK'xion naannn ran rnaywn avriiK bv mana 
iSx'xian raaan ystra o'aaa? Sb> mana itrx mya , ^RVtfJi 
• WTRUi nvpSn mysffn pn naainn by 



Hlbxaas BB13 .Secret Soetatf* 
..Sipmoira of tlie hitWi 



e 3"n .Ancient Society (» 
nfl Sacred Mysteries : 'B C* 
ticnal CtmcrcB of Antiji'oi-oloj 




' 



-v-:--- . ejtah r.zvc- ;•-,-'•■:.-; iHTiay Hki jn&i 

ftiiiy &V? rnnannn wia'w »*n rinx ?"n nrm riuiaan 

ns; nw:ic nr-s .it nx ii niiiip p t»h r "rniyni jiiehwu 

nxi Moah flx lihaai nhioaa rfriaai nana jna mi ^3? 

, rftiaynHnpiSn !& nSjfw k"- cn '3 f a^Wari nan 



.nr.nn ik rvn nratft riiaisSn ,oynrr^j;a irntS 
b'~cn iVn nnijka ^ax r nsrii»a riniay oV? nmw p 
bVflfini nivisran— ^mran ruaan V» D"ip";n Mcmn 
onW n'Ynnwn ■»* , B'Vffln tod D^rtx , bwiDon 
irfxn ansn ^ix on , omiao nmoai h^ru nip'apQ nrovo 
,nrn Vjana xxvn 
Sniri nnaha BJ kiyb^> itrsx 'x tdk ^k'yid ruaa 
menhvp 'ico ona: iai cSvx *a «jk (B'x-ien te ni^ss? 
,n;i2C fritiift npir Pica qWk rww rramrri ,nT»» 
. nam Sx finrn fawMn no;an jh;d^ nnn 
hWid^i niiaSn nnjxnnn njr^a o'DaBTrrmana 
Pfta na mx-6 fa^ia 1 unjxt? ;si«a ,mnnsnn W nmai 
D-KYia laiiJiCw nrnixa { nmh rraan ^ax .rnwa n^tr 
naainn Vya pip n-nsru x^> , troaBn-niTan hw nnm 
*tefln navn n'Sraion naavn nnuxa nain . n^s'vian 
tit MiSo nnu'K iina oj nwapa ,pa niBpnoan ,rirei 
km ,bvzh ( n»iTan mukn .nsnwa mtay nvb nnux 
.nnsco bj rimy nym nmxai man 'Jphjb mux 
una ; n'^ttttibn naaihn Waa no:aj kvj nns»o jrina 
rtcn mash mbvon ,n:iaa jvauipx mux ten — n'a 
: ,] fcj&n . nax^an ,l ?ai n*an ^a , rr-uan n-pv , oruani rmitan 
.■exits niyxaxa nnsspen -pna ^rwarr , mnscen-mutt it* 
e&irh n 1 1 a a mun p a; iron , i-wrfe fnnin |&6 tct 
nh rnowm myiT main n^aoi nipir nrat roni:n , n>'iT 
-'b'j .tit 'jx ino flniw mcoa a'cs^am fl'jnn mot?o 






pi *6 n^K'sion rran hbsn o'djuj d'bhh trian . mini* 
no-zD tnbiwDn rajina itrto ,ia^a rrrlsn mpoS nmn 
•■Bisn 021X12 nrhn nuiaon nnuxnn nn« bn D'lsnn o'lan 
n*:an nnuwa nrnwn ]mxa v>sr .laao-onann pnsnar 
nnanri pr^« o'dizij , mwtnn nepipnn *eh , -mpk , n^tnciwr 
rrcoxa t bvth ids ,12b rrvbn mpoS nmn OTP-im 
'a ,nuMn nnano nenn pio nnm nn« bsv ,nT>mn 
nvwaa matt — mVin nn« «pn d.ti^ n« nnnaa id'«' 
D'ccann 1% iipr ,'naxn iicn x'n mn~naip kS nhm 
nyain muan "itrtt , n-i;in rupan oh 'a , onann pa cawn 
nnusn .pa»nai njna vts'po n« fea n»ij?n msn n« 
iioy^ Nirx m^ia 1 p'K n^K'sien n*Jan nnuH i« nui^on 
nian ai^a pi mcpno pi .novy ^sa nntt bs cprrffl 

, (ADtigenoua} rrtKDTnVui r6l"U 

ni o'Dn , Jinn miao mute Dnainon , D'orwuw 
rmhv nman \~v irxa inv nennran orrtsob jrjua niV 
,^wsS ,o^jHB"man ipk 'ian vn ,( ?o^« ,ub 11 mort 
-nuan w icnd -utp Dn'J'jpai orrnisna niS m o'on 
-vfran anann rn ?k , nnijrft nn« nt ]iv:a man ofyno 
—« .minx nnux-nnaa D'cjaai amux- nx crany D'avr 
DWpnori nwntwi irx ,nvm nvoaa vw ksdS i»en- 
nwwna mv rano vrp ,ruiBR^ mib paua .estm! 
.nnx mm .Ttwa ■?» d'JDW nnan ':p pa ccpnon 
pa 'jSaa ksoj ,nvn irwai c^mirman bv unpens 
omu mv nww n^xn mianno nnx ^a bv D'lann 
rpMam nto layo D^jnan-mm pa kjoj -ie*xo a'anni 
D'idi^o bv ik D ,( ?pifl ^ mi» nan . ntn iayo n>mn 
miwfj non o^yis ^» mini iip«o inv nrt ni Waa D'on 

. 1^ IK D'lDl^O ^» 

npioj n'^Hinon rraan rntuwa rrnjKi mi» ^a nrna 
nmawi nx mwnS uru« o^w , nmra miaj; ip»u ^33- 
jvt in«i inx ^a S'Kteon ,'rm «]ua cjwh nnax^ n^r 



: 



, nuno-man vtt bbn nwam rwmi n« ^ai , n:na tpk 
oieo S< iwi Tfiv /mam bzvn rtkiysh mm ,m3-^no 

.J71T TTW 

njAra ion D'vrann nrnD'n naain '3 , unano wri'n 
nmn rwvti , yat3 161 /ji^ia'oe jvtn bra vim 
nianwo nnippnni niAac , mirwoen nspvnti mipjo , ktj 
,mann ^» aw^n (tr'wiTSnj'itn nnio'Ji) D-wteipa 
mom (Q'^K'XiDn nniovi) nrnatn m-iippnn prnn nrrcun 
.nanpa tew rnDrnrfan nrmnn mpmnm 






.n^K^iDn man 



mann 'imk nmnon wn n^toYion irian 
nrman nnoo men? nnDvon ,nnnra nnam nvriMt 
^p npeon ,iyi n^ e» ^ipd 1 ? .miTpn nl?npn »nuw 
nnan ,ntt>nni irao nniw , nae-via ,mBm"ra , rra-jy 
•ra ; cvwyvrb d'jw zrshs , jno-'twui anaio , D'7j?ia "?» 
.nsmtn rve'jan rwiffina u djj u nnainon ,iWi nnuici 
miyan-na ctwno inijrxcNa . mann ^e» ^mnon n:acn p 
ntiwjn nnusn . tnw Drman D'oirai onDioa mann to 
rvntaob irpmSiyai jn*ja iyd kib'k nuiao mann Was 
jno'ion moo bn .-isms' mum mux "73 .nipiT nr'jami 
ntt nyib a ' a ' n ? , rnna^ , in , mm' cnann Sa -mn 

, nnwm swrb d'S'tx ,nina^ ,w .d'jxhi nrma 
njna o'uw ruKn 1 new ,rm?n rvirnn ni-uxnnn 
ctwi owjs a'ojfa 1 ? ns'po ^nisrowwi onvmiaD ^ .parai 
Kbtuks r&x dj? rbx n'lanna n'i'an 'j&a o'er'nn ^ax , nm 
jmoo 1 ? dk *3 ,D']3 mbim irunin maab 16 nViKO 



,mniKDn na£gpn .nnArm nSnjn-.Tiona bff nnni 
n uaa t$pna njrcji n^iowi vfii nuna ,m;pa mr 
nnann . n'jena nnn — nn« ranch on dj lflmwn n' 
loams kibh nffiam wnrmsi imjA nis-pncn nry 

,(i n 1 ?™ in? -iiy najrvow crayfljn ^-ipViipdi ri 
dw i:n:« nmaa in* -ny nj-neo rrptoi roam 
ncx q^a^sm irpnoi , ■rmnwi »*?»* ma, j v ;o riw 
. crayn 'BflPD isppa jrrra rvnwpln , rmnwi 
mSn b'S'Sji o'a^s , mnnoS nvrTDfi nnann npi^n 
nVapa npi^nn jia^a uhmsn bv ojinai arena pi 
omana (D^iX'nn D-nasai o-oia^a o^nann dj? na'K 
mxa n'Snan nam . m:itt>n mSnpn pa ninmn now 
d*i 'a ,jo' nei»n ^agqgni jijyrmoai lro'a dj d'C 
noVam mnnwi otw joip nuvupna tip w& 7 
.wwn ah* 
r nrum nrieiran laS ,nvnann naa-nn nuna Sa ^y 
pa finra rvq , i^nton ^awn te iDwrnTgp nt 
•w nwajgnrn njnn 5ip» ntmn, son nia^eg in ir 
'ifla :^»B^,ni£iT n*3tr.n maDO ysa %?ron 7 
nxnnn njpan ia?» nn» .a'lKfi ^j; nan 1 ?;:'? nig? m 
/d^s man nys»n nnn ^tPifwn Sre»n ^ns*j n*j? d 
moon nxtm naa» nns 0: nnan n« -p»pnS y>s 
■^mron 'ratyn . pon~man ten run wan mann . raw 
^ap 1 ? nnit* nnaai naain miJH Sa ^7 lanin n« y 
o-;impn o'Q'a 'a i« run , ntn jaina . nmr jtcis'b r 
■wxiori VaWt "]« , man nnaa'D mm mann anpa nv; 
Ltwirnon nnaiwa n« ,nnn n'Diso mis pnpja Tina 
ik» *?a n« anm nrnrnTrpn nnsra n» ik ,' 
%aa nDja:n Tjn "17 ^a OS ,iayy ntn jewa .d'di 



9 



«ita it onsan hv neixn ninns mpw mpim D'oya 1 ? p" 
m'h nhttn □■■nan niviap is onnvon a-naan naeo 
^a iboo .iryaiHO rhyvh n^ip Mm d'p'wd mm 1 ? -nv 
mi ,niRD nnow ip , "ppS ,r6ip Tyaip cnan 
,(i "d'sSk ntron ip — T?n '3»v 



I 



-put ]'« (nrnio'-in) nnnnn rmann naa-n iana 
i(Bwnp»j nraw'si nrona two ,iS*n rnnara a: .-p-wn 1 ? 
rmanna nnsffon . n-rcni njipft-in ,Tmsn km nnwan 
tmannD nsHnn-n'S^xa .ansa is nrntn , tramaS it nv it 
rtHMcn man mv-itta ; n i t- p S nrr rrrwnrn D'-isan 
— n'V3-.sa ;nSann -, na -h'bh — n'^sa ; ub"hiH — nva-ipam 
ms» rAsn nnann jiiruu nsii'K- nww ist^a , mfcapfc 
rrtnpn p noisoa nfrias p»tt nann ip'pa Sax ,d*jic 
fcp ^p mm m^njn onyn *?a ,'^j»n Warn rrfttiiHf 
•man ra ns'po pi3i^ .nt op rtt o^op n-ospiQ nronnn 
mena d'jb 1 ? napw d"V6j d^»i nptrni '"t?v a wsipn 
felQ -^"^a . fwa .'t^y n« npSa pii'-v: ,ddv? 
flAvisn TI?n ns np^a mvipn-p-n'-n . map ansa rwm 
tmpn ^rhi • tvfrm a-ny cntpp is m»y jwn nyi p^jra 
nr dj; nt o'-ianna n'Sjssa nSann vta ^jn fipnwa 
jWjnrrninns nnanno np'i'Dxa . cra'oi rutins'? 
-ninnso nsiovo rt^ttM ; myTK^ is mpiSa-iam^ 
.(nir-ra paw noipoa vn o'mA i»s) mnen to owton 
} nba ruTsS nrp insnovo twirt vn rrwisa o^dsi nitirw 
jirno manno ono *nw , "nno-'p^rt,, 1 ? nianoxo jn nnp 
,nru< nmsh ninnsno np'Tosa minsn ,np"92W*"in 
: # [6sik ,rvto»< maroon yans . nnan-mns nine s»n 
jehaon — nn« ro'sDia'? nnp laniasn nnATHi nnj^ow 

^Ut 9 / '3 *p3 ,Tnreli in the Interior of Sontern Africa (« 






J 



•mx bsb . {t okh ms by nnovon nnana iv«u nai 
esion main ret dj vhaon , a-nani bw E" rbxn D'tsair 
ik mnBEJ0-nnu»6 p^nno oatp Sa .onaa tttivt D"y 
^asa mop man K'n nxra ninaim-muit ban ,D'. 
.novo w pt„ nyDE'D 1 ? mom ovia nixo nr» rwpon , n 
cyipfin Sa nana mac" new munn 'pcy nx hrw ' 
iy ,7i3-i -ja ^a mn rbxn rmunn pa ne-pn ,nAp ' 
Brftaw m*rann nx aicr^ niainp D-iays? dt?ib D'yoi 
mnpi 1 ?! firrwtpa an;ca nipvno Ann nmatn ^ax ; o'tr 
prawns ;n n^a naao ny»ai , nSx anpo nSt praa^ c 
j'K 13 -ltps ,*ncNi bru Bats'? jit jor is-oa ni\T? • 

, pVWB'aV ,|aiD3 ,□ 

jvornn np'TBtta new B-BiBjBinni D'agia'sn ,tnfij9n 
omiowi a-awb , cnsm B'ampn D<Taa&o t;«A , 0$ 
(rViia troae cnvid i:na« rnspn 'jvn ,(» niaxn ' 
ninfima-nvnairt pSnnoi D-an oneaa aer b=e» "ja ,n 
njawoS no Bats ba . pirtn-xiB'a 3>n;oa mp*m&i in' 
cp^nno cnnian B'BioaBinn 'Bats ."inva tousi 
nws vwo nnx bz mp'inon ,"a--x-p„ in ona-im 
.((Tnjrqj) n»a"'»o»3 on nnww j 1 i- :n . wo nisa yam 
,cipQ'^ dot nnp:n , D';xia'an no ^ma nnvn 
D-tppai nr oy m ins caa- nea tnanna nra ,ni«n^ ■ 
, 1812 na»a oipe'b anon nan *y ana n»x ^VTia . 
nisonfl vw to ^n; ni:!? ^y im ynncn as-ian -a , 
,,: ra la oniia rn pyaan i» ,amTj nsnoi KDiei ■_ 
r D'JBp n'nea w rwiap aha na'N nx?n Tjn, . nna 
.nnvo ^iPin nyoBa^ noi icsy -;-:d noir dhd nnx Sa ■ 
, nea 1 ? nsa pa , ann ^b ?y , "?naa <ioa^ 'ias Sna ■ 



.454 11 ,K"n „Pe erijrtfn EHittolnpla" ::■ 

!41 y .="n "=va--i =■ - 5'V<.nn. !1 

.261 '1 ,x-n „ila«sti, ,.,(i. He buuua 



niat ,-inoia by onova □•Batr bur runso tsosn ima 
b«£b?B0 iA*k wair 1 ? o^ia 1 onp "inrn Diaan p ann 
'jr ijr "pyb nVip mace , (» n'jeon n'^ra nna D'atffiM 
ya-ut by hois n«o nam pKa cfsurv em b>s: d*jt6Vo 
owu mi? ^ , ik nw»b p^nna n;n airvi . nana nina 
DPiwh^ p^nno a'cavna ins mi , craac is-y a 1 :!?'? , onnK 
*3M i3Kn ^« Dim's Sy Tan nawu naipn ,n-arp ba 
■^a ^y errorr n« D-amnn a'aaon ia tb?Ai , nxtn no*e»n 
ipk wv»ref> »6 oaxy nx n^sn a'aarn a'atrin ,ftvoth 
o'jan nya* 'xVi iwn^ ok >a ,napj pna nax w r«l 
iai«a .man 'w ptwnm Tipafi as 1 ? vn im ,D*awwi3 
-nmJKO rrniH ba -wat dj na*y n« a'atrin ,niS nan 
taur tb« , inx pun an to rsrtn wi^ oara -it?t< a'anpn 
. finn-toe-a ns pi niyiv n^xn nniaci .rmawi by topa 
^n nianpn o^xi aipa ntpx ^ nnpS wi ir« ana b"k 
rranp nn nan? ten r>»7 n^inan nrna , a-ma-ip va« 
h® nvnpn rrnayni nnesan nnaa own jyo^ .t^k rati 

. (a tP'Nn 

'aae> bm nan naipn 'orr na*e? *a , pV6 ron: tiy 
bsn wht» newi nroirt , n^co la 1 ? , enrtn tan Donjon 
catpinn onn«n a'aawni ffaaaion , cnB'jn O'Jp'TOKfi omn 
m'jun tfiwne naS ,amyn Saa dkh 'a Sy Drrorp n» 
-cm 'a ,OHian ir« inx ^x -inx a^BJDn ns itppan ainrr 
e^rx jiksp ,v»b nnvna , nwwi ; axn "px an'3 airrnaip 
.»'(tn nnc^a ^aa nojaai nbur ruwmn nnan'an ^ao 
^r ijifixn p^nn ninnaa D'atfrn ,a*p^piKn ^aaw 
jii«nS naia najn^i naiaS with nrn^ a^ia 1 'aw im 
O'nnanan , a'aaipn-mana n^oon mo hk Dn^B S? 
Tni' moa a«n ma? nnoia by nnovan miana bbzz 






125 . n*ntV3ti»n 'lib* 

wp ^a trm tm ,D'twn ivd jv»tnn .-virion tM 
'•I'jon rpn 0"nn Tiya iMtn Sn;on ;mn 'rjya d^kt 
rmB»o tVd in« mbon xoa by sot nn Erawtnn d*d*3 
cjdh iscna tow . Bnwn -iyo n 1 ? i^u -)»« , nam - ' 
• nviK nns»D "rtt n«rn nnajpann npm T3 naiten nnp! 
rmaaa p 'tik dj puwrwaa nncE-D h-ikim my ntw : 
inivi c^wri 1 ? iVbn 1132 D'p'rin vn D'cnnn cavort : 
mail? nrrci mrnnn rtmon ix nSyon . nasp ynai ftH 
nvw mpoa .jan "?» asno t6i ,nan b« c«no raw 
^ vnsnn naveo w smai -po: ^pan "?e> vrann «xi 
3 , ina nin asm r rantn affis n« onsHr on^n vn ,n»i« 
im finv yas ntwtn avn frn ow .dh^i nb nyian irxfi 
, {1 2xrb e"i3?ik>d D'l^m rrawi vn 
oorv rut nny a^ien ,0'BWb nan *a ,psa bs j*» 
^s ";*; omioa cawS d'3-i d*o* 'js 1 : m r fianfi 
Kft^s Drp&wj -^an "n 1 ? h^pi ej'b&wj ra»a„ . mnat 
ffrnpnn *anaa ■ oe*n nut 'pm vrtto f*a mt? t 
o'iPJMn niDty ixa d'iwio wish n*nn nsipnno u**»t jjTtfSl 
ona I'M roam nina- 1 ?! , on'mat nvsv nn dj ana onsta 
f u>\sin nn« a*; 'WMi Jinaa N3 wk ,B"ttn .iaj ' 
jrwxn ob' nK isipaa i^j npiSi pmrm ratr nx an;* ; 
mena , maim np iy "fJ £31 -iss , VD3i ba rw c;; 
E'-n pi ,iavyb noino trot *5aa ,o*:an fena "psb n»« 
W ( pTTwn iai* ly mt» npaorA utrr 'a ,nnx nE"T 
. (1 "niaD 's 1 ? inio nn« innap* 
•so own 'fl ^y nawu nmpn nn*n cjiaip d'o^ 



p« tvi 1677 n;tra rrnyoo bjib -iay tpk ,jfo yi | .» 
. . onea mecna acp dtjwcowi sap n» kxo , oTgrtw! 
. trna rntppo p*i •ana rvn nbttn cman wona ppn 

D'pim IMC , B"1fl3 7lTbV2 13B" D'Jl'prt , D'tPbtffD — bllSTl 

nb*n o'i£=n rwbM trnsn ba -isbd jmo .it nnx urns 
^ru ini'3 -wit ,cmo nya-wa lar* c-'p;dti ,mto rm 
D'liPp pn — jap "ini'ni , ovia D^'cm rwo Wi anair 
,(i nyaixi 
main nirajvi jn ttpprwrn afsbsn , allien nran 

. '3P8 owb bt? ik mnom 'a by Ttoa obi? a y ' 
,0'oair n»orro nbnra rraino nrm arpiTitn man 
=picn est? ,nw B3» -riff rvbtt -iannn B'inwDn itjwSI 
. tppvrun pun 'aac ba nbfraa icjaj Kb abipo baa , irpttf; 
mitu i»k , o'aasr-n-mR rutin mam nn*n rorornttn ■ 
copp n'pon ja bit: ipi .nonbon Bvwsb »non^B ;sik 
yaua nbtroon pi hk iT3 p'inn DJicbt? naai caiya d'ie 
inn ba □"ibn D'Batrn m en']':? 1 : pjian baa jbban Tflft 
WTfh bia 1 rrn aat?i aaa" ba bs* "aian iyin ,iovy njna 
-ivd nwa mnp 'bai ,bnan Tpin n« nsoKb ^ixn nya 
nab . spKnnb nicnn brum Tjnnb rovn «b 'bis lyi nt'i 
tut nt b« m ffnupp treapn rn , nbttn nwnn nmont 
. naipn-oma nimai rua»n nnrwa , nim6n nnnttn man: 
ba pa onnso vn -ire* caia b« o'Drrnon ,o'anp o'ipjk 
■ ,tk ix -invn ippa n»p nbttn a'lpwni , Ewprmn 'E3» 
. Tntt bit ins onnvan D'oawi 



n a b d d b enaino vn nj:ia "K by lart? o-aatpn 
rem inbisa mpjjmK off ninowi 'fi by htiioo . 
bar n:B3 nab inis lawn *ibk , ".twib-^ib^t ,«W 



• 1S-18 ST r*»« p 1 '" ,*p-ii"V3 ^» nwnynn nniaB',in„ C 



wiaipn -vw ca-ino manp cops'? .maw nineipo ' 
■man 'ran in- ntt mioj nmana D'yiaoi ffpinnoi nm 
nmn nrnannn 1 ) nmn run ,na cni na ok .nnrwn i 
■lynsD nana moa ^tboiwi irun jtoxo ,D"DjirpK D'an 

,BpD3 ,0.13 O'KXID UKJ'K 1E>K ,^jpdS ,D"nevn D'O^p 

ran fcnin mann nn n-p'jien naoni ,nmsnn 'aw ' 
. nanbo^ dki a-bvb ok , Dirun pa MMsrpjon * 



,mnoKn w iip Troon o a t? n ^ mam imvi nwmnn 
ni op m ifintwib I'jjinn -i!pk , anna na*WD nam 
onnnK man ns o'aarn -|E>ana orfr i^joi niw nniay: 
nvn 1 ? D^iBDiwri nn;a crrni nt'K iSarip no 'sa — rv%i 
— tnpino d'vi-'iid onb irp'i in 1 nnwv ok ,join a-if 
ppTOKa iipk cmnn b)itt nsurmn npn np nmvaj 1 
• o^dbib o'anp ^» nnus^ tibtio n'fi mnn oatpn .rrno 
p^ch nnti oyi» D'oatpa nnx aaio '33 o'anp nun 
mpicnnS 2-\ "3p , n'wn o'oaipn pa n , -naa , n naip 1 ? pna 
^a . o-opo ik can a'p^n 1 ? wnwnnVi ':io-ip Das' raw L 
op onx o"man ow na>pa nnpipe nrrn o'ai-ip mi 
canp-muN ba .oatpn -|ina w D'anprrnnun -s 
,onon ,Tyin npotya 1 ; ,DnnvD o^io npaira^ mo n? 
up -a n\i l^aa aaisn • toiwi nx npaon ibth iris 
■o^anpn-iinwK nnn bz ienn»n la w , H3»rrrpi npom 

. irrtraoi nvai 
-nam pKa -irati ins ^a u»i omnrt o^oaiwi an 
in nvnn "rxa pnynn^ aapn hm* fa 1 na tph , 
vn na lMfl ,mjn npi ntt B'K i*n ^30 o\nn jji 
*ixk , en nse> byi cown t ^p nuopn on'niaE-io ; 
..D^nan nnn;n Sn 0'asn»D D^rontf niaipaai D'on nns 
ihk ba o'apsS o , a»r vn D'aop vivn a-aaa*n iVsk 



\\obv bs o'ptp Drtt nbtmn cnron '3 ,tjo pm •»« 
D'aer ffa'Kuj'sn .(ww onajr^ia anana on w aaips 
mo orai , nama *?33 nnnx mnatra pn ,ni:ap matPiaa 
. nvnan npe»D dwV 
, cnrun bv dtpspjk -isooa o ,[ ?ip orx n^iHDiia nru 
.n«i:n »aa ,nr dp nt d'«3 on ^sn , nSpaS inain it?R 
?a 'pjk vn d'21 nnn "V iraa , epajsi inr HtswppjDa 
or: np;na on 1 ? nripS crams rAitn dhiuhd irui ttu 
dtWk njin: max arm *?pa3 .annxn c-nrun STpO 
is "?p abttt CP3Q3 naipn wr ,{firr , iiwj Jrao) n;ajitp ; {|f 
,0*031 cwat -2^s -wpo cm 1 ? iiffj?: tfDBiBn-ninwi oxa 
navy nx lam 1 ! axa 'a by aaipn 'on 11 nx ljn*- ab "wx 
rhxn CT'DBim canpn . axn -a Sp nt ba ni Mnp'j 
*erv en 1 ? •«?« ,D'c:m onaaa ^a .fin 'wrna Ton D'p'ino 
TO* xb naaii , renin c'...s? bokp nx D'atPin ,jif»o fianp 
Ton it 1 ? ^ax .rrDBTon iph na vnriK nit rw«b iS nnps 
D*jn;a myrow . nvwM ovna-ip af>xn mnfiwan pa vr- 
na nvrA anspaa bn xiaS i;n trxn "na 1 , o'piT d'Wi 
, rrho Damn M3D inxa 
•mno , prp in 0:1x3 , Tan nraiy D , !P3nE> nnx 
raipa 'Dmi nman bx nam nmixnai "urn bx nnitn 
nrnix tei in; bi '3 ,xiait maicn ja ,axn *b *?y a'as?nna 
D'DDia is by o^iff naip-cn's o'anpn d'Wk oa-ipa l^a* 
nimix a*ipa enmss vtv nnn n'sain ans^o 'it;k *3i , oijw 
.a'-uia'.p in,n7ita man ninn»D ,naxai .o^n omui 
ppnewn atnwrpfjn "?3 -:a ^y niarai ivish , \rh vsrp -itPKa 
nainn n^oio uiaipn nan bp . 'sen lnvp ijn in«n invpa 
CPHX03 an nr« a'pinin maipcn !?ac nr ^p at j-jnbi niDP^* 
ns-no npbnna ^ , nianp a^aps 1 ? iiwn 1 ? -iti'sx jaVi ; av 
iraipon muicn nmx -t-m o-ap nnun muitno win* ••so na 
.nma: Q'wi»a piam mnt3« nan^a on'sn^ n'rx *?p n^» 
0"ii a-'iriKa nayio in:i in: bs k , cum urus pai 



r 



. (i imperii niiwnn na>6 rrraitn ramn nwn nana 

,pmm nspsrnn rnipao nepnan ,q"*;2dh emrn npwo 
■wit otpn %* arptr no ,0*0510 otra empwi Svx nprr 
nx WHpoi nrnpo mux- , np'Toxa o-iinn cm nnp" 
iiroi ,noim po *rt« nx icip'i vtp -icxa rtw ncion 
-imxon cican nx , pi 1S r»w Sa 1 ? T^p mow ben ':rn 
fl*»t*j3Ti«n D»a MTpS ipbk nvrora frxirsmwi bu 
nxn>u maxn '2 by rmiDon mux ^a . n 1 a x n ^ e by 
naTpn 'cn'i , nana ix to* , inn -nips a* ■?» io» .n'^y 
-'Dies wo inx to , maun it* [main mw 'c by na q'SBJ 
(BBWfli naipio wn wiiw aj uu'jr 1 ? n'une nSx-m-mien 
p T tm pn vmsa dj , oais>n win r6na inrn mum nac> 
nvnb rub m unr» a'e^s? D'aat? a ,- onna na» ,naanom 
.Su uyb auatn -pom 



eatyS nwA 11^ it pip nanna «6» , o'-ivu-nnutt 
by jTABflsi , "Ton wporjuna it ay ir mxa p tot* , inx 
(too rvnux — , m:i ma ^a iw D'a'Jsn omani nuiam 
D-iipron btx , ji'r'v 'x by D , am , n D'rrrin ^x« d'kvid ui-uk 
■«DUt 'a^v bhvtot ^nt ,^Jf3n Dvrjw'j "X to o"a»rn 
-noil* 'am 1 tox , rvemn np^aat latw 1 o'ratfian tox , rpto, 
. o'3T maipoa mpi e»xi 
cpaix ik D^to* to? nnana toato "n a"n D'filp^on 
toonn ;ya^ , ai -i£aoa oj nm naruT *it?x t»' abix ; mc 
ixo nam pix us to Htmj tr$*ai»ian . anb am cmx to 
oj is D'ts'sn , mery bw tnrua oipo to oipaa omu Dm 
. a'stoo -ini'^ n'rip U'« trxrnnaix »3»i< iedb . b»k nxa 
rn'na '"V ixu ana inx ^a n^x , an™ ohhj a"n ot 
a ,T /aiKB wrt nsnaa nfnjf wm , nnn» .ninspa pa n'TS 



nSwi a*-irun ananno r mpo b» oipaa rr;-3~ nw& i 
irfcna nnan 3T*S jo6 c-mi nr nv nr nranp o'eyi 
fK-i nansn nnn nn nyS onanno c:'x on Sax .niprn 
onS laprv sSi rrno maa ick j'»n p?nS ,ins Sipiq 
ne-pS SanS onS vn» next ,SipdS nts'nna is ma ,om 

. KO'p Se? "wpa ins !w nnx : 
*-r Sr nsia» mnann Sa niDirno n'wn npSnon Ss 
BTT^' nu a mspinoi niSna nmaw o*nnro tnvia nrna»j! 
nrwion ( n*oiDD n ,;, ia: ima >'"-■"' Sy ma»m ,sxrt 
ix ; jnSw ."rSSan nnniei n« nwrai niTaoni inns net 

WW 'SDO nC3"£3 in« TTU3 pDlSaiXH HUT/ITI *»T ! 

■pa n:ep -invn mann . omrinoni onmBfin , nVni 
,6'Dmoo □"n- , nDai ybv nnrwn mana nirown mnartr 
by pi p'lPW nsosa mSiyn niaap rmratn mann: i»t 
. b a ip nxnpj , naSa nrunPorrivuM 
ETfrann trviapn aim Sa o-cja; rppwn npSnon Sx 
mS nvnann cn-:a nt?x ( maaBn-nnan nrrnn is triamer 
wSapn nmgm rwrrtn ,-inoon tub pnp aSi-x nnranii 
jwi (D-'mtx Sir nnan nmoS my ljptfi xS nspc 
iroapn-man .htdikS w nwio nnan nj-noS ,nw 
oixSn in renin km D'ampon cmann BTDprnmun i 



. , party D-cn'i d'hd St? d'disu ':tp pa SnanS wvn 
nx .Dilp nnv jotd ,nxn:n »aa , xn ana -insn i»i 
.':jnsn cca KipS wan DMioip -miTi atirpni amor 
rn-Dsn '=3 Sy m-noon mann .ninoxn »a Sj; n'X! 
D'on'n jriMias nva nvmn niSrSniPn nw rroirv ns puw 
Sa onS px 'a , aS Sy trtiy crxi anpsi uv masn tvo 
dip n^y nniPia , ninnKn 's Sj? n-niaan , mux Sa . -| 
irmn woo irw Sip iatt» ,SipdS ,yaEn mv mpSnoo nm 
n-nn ix rupjr-noxn nsi ,napj psS au'n;n ,D'nnsn i« 



119 



iwmanrA man^i *:a6 ntn jrrnn ns awrA um« Ertnasft 

ittsi inana mn 1 .irffa nyiap jvmuid nnatpc-mw 
. ins pies 



' 



mnstpo nnannn t ^y nvrawi ,rrtpu»n nnann 
nnann Dice— □ , ois , b 'j&b nipbnno f rAt( oynSt nnni'D 
OTariKn nnann .nvoionn nrarm distsi ni'j$$a 
'■an nx -itppan ainn ; nruweno iW?nm» nnann p 
i« jvnaitn airrnaip tvn in« bs ins nwn$n nnann 
.fluw ranwaa avsn nnan p nraiDTn nnann ,,10110,1 
KtfforfjD niffpa n6 ntonwpn .DTMma'po rfctn nnarei 
^x aa^ m -isa aya iw txi ff-Enwa own ,-tdh 
. naipn 'Din 1 bm ninon 
nnann ya ^a mcn-no finnan nnann ciaa 1 ? 
-invn nnann ly Dunan te jepn mnem imno , nifffwel 
trViaa Tina iaaa nnRn;» B'^nan D'wn na^n , nuvlj? 
n':an mnnflnna nman rumen nnis6 yjrim a-o'ioo 
niannna .mean nisynanai nmnona nravian ,nvn2nn 
nip^naVi nubaaf? wn niAannai m'rni nwrmn 'bjs 
■unw rbx iro'a . inv w nine nniyio nE>« nfriaan , nuit? 
'a "?y nvnann naa*inn nmso mwi mis ^a -iipnS a^ia* 
. irma'ao nia'pnan manpn nnann pa nsiswi 
mp^na »^rt nip^nnn niynvi nnn*n nnann ^a 
. ntawan naainn ninnanna .t^s iyn» nmon 'a 1 ? nAru 
Ss> ffjppn onrun o'on-no naiaj tniM npbnon ^k 
^aa D'cwn isdd -itsm nnnn nvifl»BB nam -«pk , awufj 
tw "?a .nxa ly ntpom an»yo ,^nn ^ ,xin one in* 
oy K»orjfjoa «a ^aa , id»p 'jaa ti n^m onn;na inm 
■6 nnjt nianm nrw nat? , inx una nsx , onnun onrun 
ir ,tf?aa rpmun nmiynnni men nyaten nnn .ajfifi 
,r6ru maaa aipa nrxa iksbje' ,ni:uoa niarvwnn mad? 



,0) J'T J A .! IIS 

•"« by rGvun vmuam by wyn can e*yai; ; ipiriiK 
oy "031? aipai Dnain , mpuajOWi b-m np-'izmi *1j§£l 
bv* vwa any* n?n jruon niapy .nm: owrii itaja 
rvn onaamiai jh;d 'a , pea *» p* . "ipjjfioa D-tsijgi 
yiT rrn 'a , aiar6 tid 1 E"i , anwii EPOjipw 'ri'N Jiru 
. am □?' 'ayS a: , p ioai , tmsn a^yn -.kit 1 ? dj 
war nya 33 "s by mrm iirrnw ,nns»on ms 
nstn anspen .xi^is nn»a njnr .o'sitmh roiwri na 
niiisi inxn iayD a-ns mw pa rvrwpnn <t by mv:na 
H!tk rv»ya niTwno nn«.i nns bat? \tma , yen iaya nvrw 
.nivitcn bab £"n n^y: DTwnn mxi inx bai Dvwn Sib 
"na:? Iwk wca iv ncpro rwta nitrji D'D'j be rnsi 

nana mna naesru (D'ean-nano) rrayb^aa nnuean 
km nipim aviyb pi ban . nnuybien ntiBBDno. ini' 
nnvna . ar in aat? ,i?-n a^pa nrnvi nnsworrn*nxb n<tf;; 
km ( nbvu nnss-a ansb b'kti nba-a , am ifl by , mbn 
jbim ,mva a'pnnb nnnx finBea-nmxb aipa nrr:o 
npbnoni D^wn-nan jn;oa nip'ina nrreVn mpbnans? 
pVfrm— [MM-miepnn jn:aa pzrznb nimaia nwjwi 
-•nai :n;s , (TVTwbis) ana;n-nai jnasa w ,(rKQ3ttin) 
: laba o""ia"tani o'vaan o'ayn aipa pi xb waara a'can 
ittirwo nnxa ib'sxi ,0'pnBni a';-an nvrota mso Kin 
crpna Kin baN • nayo -iy 'inb pi a*pnn ayaa iaxa man 
. nfiiTKi npn-BK nivix baa i.iaai a*pnn |wi ^a 
cpnn ayaa laaota niman himm nnsoarrimx 
hew -mw t^'tt martin — n'aauian km nmxun nwnts 
rtiDiy crvra pa-nab nuntnn 'a ,aM'Baam Dipan nni 
o'«;r.a irmmai irca CTna b-;:?2 ban . cnn inx; 
rrajuion nnspam ,nwinn b33 tsyaa p»nan n» a 1 ?' 
Ifwena runnsn nya . m.T niyapa bba .i:-a-;a nm 
,a'cyan .neiTxai nnan msixa nana maa ytrron 



B'tMNn npi D'OJ invn D'tnano , onxn '33 Sa 
nnsPD Sff nous's nnrn mum . nnero w n o"n , 0'nuTO' 
.71? ••ah 3i k^ pr iiPD2 nrxni irxn nuntn ten onxi 
T33IP ^xk owria unjx ni j'Dc rnsie nnrn nwojnn m* 
nrwi , T^n ^osn ny oxn ojr axn m d^xx ncx , -aipra 
mini ns&ioo nnv nuntn ,(ininn niPK A t?par: Kin p 
D":isxn D'O'poxn ^:x , (* n^-BDixa o»nm»n -B3» bw 
(« rrVnaa njuvoK ^m neip Sy tmnn ^*k , (» rru^jTu 
$b> n'jsip nrno bv wiarjn , ennx d'dj? mm *:yin 
n\nn -raw nuntn o'nyid writ rbx hint ai ebwi , ninnenft 
'O , vvh WW bbx , noma bv iirn «n tt ^3 rovm 
, icn 1 ; is mwtn nx t?*xn ro'ip D^yson tnsawi anpa 
.iKo tjt irnM nurin on , rerun -ra j'Hwam i^ran 
nifft nrw n»« fywpna nac , n'TUx^isn nnsipon 
, [ropn ^yk Tin'3 , ninx nanna nttiraj , onns dhsj djt 
up D-yii' 0'ipinn , "yaon avone wr naye np urfj -rot 
DWBwenn moipo ^ □'xnpin , o'-ar-isn bv o'dibb 
mnsB^wi inna^ea . "oyen curoni '7x3,1 oie'Bn did»3 
nmJS^TBa . m n3ipa n.nu'3 nnuyp anajn ]'« itt« 
Btwjnn pnxn Difl'Bn .nnx ax ua ,o'nx an nnajn jvca/an 
•mn bv runnxn ni?n nv JinJ rvn cmaarr'ian jnm . nnra 
us 1 ? ; nffinn-nn^ir pso *fm nan xS ny us 1 ; pi • p^s 
5>yi n^mn-njji-i'Sp. pita blips nm 3n:an rrn nan x 1 ? ny 
nip avn tnajrr^sn ; Bp»n ou'pixn "Ra can □"« uo 
. c-pipn bi-xi Dwnan *?vx , crouton "n bv irca 
^M nw bv D"Tinn laaw 'rsx nin ruon nx kxb an^i30in 

■"'ruHsctiiins of tli e Ethnological, Belclicr (< 

.46 Trap ,1869 ,'if'on ni; .SooiBty of London 
. li>2 , tB7 $'y „Amnioi]g Canihala" ; p^VIOl 1 ) bv 11ED3 "y i* 
•»mS nsSn ib-k , m'^n 'isn 'bd '^^a n^ap_ n^«n nipnvi (* 

, jnn nis-um n» 
. 2*8-346 yjl , W TiS .Traoela in Br.'izil" ; waini c;'C3 (« 



eves >oi ni'paon iinwn w» mo iBinn nana ebtpi 
'js by nn« rwon wo 12a 1 ? rnjnT .ii;poa *rt cyea 
rrvnannx o-t^id vnann Sawn bp nSitn rowan .nrfln 
rvnuxm nu^aan fea .fr ann n^jnonn nm jv-isnn 
ok *3 , o^yaan cKiin *tk jr> kS kick ntfonoe rwwn 
ifAtvta rn -m: ,nm«M jn ;M--nn baim rcgnan Sx u 
Sin , ni'^Kn'anwd ro'riyani mawviB nryao wfon 
RvnyOTn/w (vmann marmjrpVy bptob DTwan n'mn 
jinann nrnan '"y a*ni3xte cue rna rwaw niptnn 



naa 1 ? ninnsnnn iyutkh OHoiyn enn 'Sya Syk 
( rrman naain <:d'd □» Tpi pi D'ttxia unw maipno 
p trev ^a aysa ,n^a B"n ,pft« naiyS ,ni£iyn Saw 
Bin rw nuaS nap:n t Sy i«p Tap .nnera *n ,^an 
nnana , ana npnn . nwtan rw rrarr^i Bwimn Sy pnS 
pi *a , mipi rry hhtdS vxwtQ , nifliyn "je' nnwon "na 
c*p:vTi enrr^ya Saw 1 ? . (1 D^noN nnB»a "n on n^x 
iy rmntrij nxn nanst? no ni-iaS ,nnsK>on "n ns cy-iv 
nnva D'vnann D'ran fnr« . QTcn S a Svk rmaa nmsb 
(D^yiyrt rrbm nntt oj Dnsni p? una napjn ny 12m vt 
[ tnucn . D'atna , ovr^a , D^ann Syk d'nii urn* mta 
W'Jn rnitu mo^s> h^ San . (» DUiPnm crmwi , mo-a-ion 
cpmn Sa .□•Tn-yaiK 'Sya D"nn b?& pi nnsa'on "n 
O'fiipn bvx yja nnstfon e'jn 'a ,nn« nyia n'p'ina 
oy mff nsnab ayaa n^ia^i n^-ju , j:DiK"jjniK o'Kipn 



.20 nop ,'paT -pa .Thierlebeo (* 
»The History ofHnmain Marriage" s pioTSM 'rimnca ")i (* 



12 nioy 

m 




115 .CiJ'TJ ,n ,D 

^a .mbra Vfc ivb — rtbvvm ,roSru rvmvb wn& 
p'Aia , n^m mux ^3 bj — run wrrai , no^» n:ap rrn» 
■on muK • annt* o'jip nnn *?« awnan , q'P'k naipB 
pitas rvtoiia 'ma , hd^b 'ma muu ten D ,- >p,sri napm 
nana ly heps nti nvnsn .tiijk ^a .mAitstii «niann 
iiuyb p 'aaa maioa iwi . nwan map'nnn m^in nyrr 
.piVswsmsyimiTn^ -ino ntavp nn -ppom , navy mens 
niTca nasio ,mna w n:ap ( muw rmaK ■» 
muH bib .nan nb'jaa muwn ie»kd nina n6 m con 
csn , am , "jtra 1 ? . ws o^tncio niTio'D mainan mm 
nine mb ni cnn jnnss'a b& aiaa npi6 o's^n ,iSvn 
•ovv , nmyib n»n men -ins diebq mns»a t» upkij 
,anjrai B'api , b":ie> B'ay *aa a'xxa: na -i»k ,hns "vy 
, a'aw B'ayai niaw nvoia niaisn ,w:w nuneo "^ya 
nrnjrft hspk rosioon any vw -ib-kb nine nb ni a'tan 
ip-x o^-n: man-nwiitta pm px ^3 tacr . i\b u man 
piss . nmyia n»« /v6isa ma^»n nwwn ibkd tw inyra 
D'pnaian d'wdh anisa ^aa mutt ^a na'a^D mn 
ba minis onatsn mraxa anaw a'-nrrnimx onwa nrnwi 
. ninn InianDi men n^scman rnDTina jrnnsn nmawi 
pp mas pi ir nx ii nnyaai nb«n nmasn nnny p *aso 
nsn n«i main nx nn33i nmaaa nns ^a msnoi m^-uo 
. misyn-npi^n yn bv x^>i ,o«Wsn 
mp^no 1 ? DniAanm d^k'sidh nniD'n nipirim 
-iTem nvaibiaiaon m^iysna nmaio mbin hvi ma^se^i 
mnnn . n'yaan nrnana nipfi»ion , D'DiTanrun bv mm 
n'nmxi caiTanrKn nyi3 ,-^iSi nrtt nmn, ma^BM 
B'S^xn i^jno' 1 n»K n'yaan ni^nann "7 marsno mnp'yn 
. ^sian ^a»n ny&vh onp ny a**nn , «jn ^k a"mann 
-^3 nnuN 1 ? yjua p m» man B'piix n^nn anan ^3 
# annwan a'jais ^3N .Bittn-^3 nrrnvh yaua pi a"m I 
^pw nin Va»n , ^tvron bxsn n^usn niana yam 




D'^am ma'ann o^sno •nurv ^latpnonrn^rwsma npaen 
■nsrrp ,vm rutin maQh .ana psvn Si-un nan m^mn 
cysa apea pDfli-6 na'-nr nscttn ,ima^ wk B"n fenps 
jjnx ppwon . nieHn mantrt anna o'D 1 nb jnap^i nnmape 
frpFin , r6*tn cwnn o*pnna . innia 'jnpa jot 1 ? jorn Kia^ 
*6 rrain n^ann Sk nwapi rmir 'rnann fe»n ni^ips 
. ^erparwwi bsvn Tvfa&ta nina 
nrn Tain , aim -vtr junta nasta ^>pi3 ; mann fawi 'a 
noma nut? nntt iB^na *i»k , irraop mabnn hmd naic 
cn^n 121 by D'pinn ^ioa ^ffofj ,nai npum naiaoi 
1 1865 njB>3 rmarrrontia nnapn mint? , ists n:ca rrtMHa 
nriK m l^apru new , marrnimtia DtRsmai m o'pnn 
■"Da Ty cpmn ,(i887— laes!) tw antfpi ntrcn -jwca nt 
juB3 nmian i*p trpnn !?ma , iss* ru»a rpxruo pnaeti 
. mpi is» 
nvnai niJ'naa rni^ipe nx bpisn , Coition ^a&n 
fix 'jap'? manatf o'Trvn o'ejwi n« in kS nnaa , na»vo 
irV«'THn ,iwnon ^a , a'autpcn-manpa ,a"nn-nna 
ois'itn niAunn bv as pwa (tin bn 'a ,ib» mrnttm 
-miyn bv o'jwn D'cnvr ^pi ("inr w nine ,BTinis&n 
^ V'bipd kiw nv'j^pm nvaim vnipstPna . rtflnitfat 
^» ornn 'ma n« nnaa Kin ouim a^nvii ni^snnn -ya 

. rnann 



O'DiTanrun rrVin annsno rnann nnrnn moa 
nrinitna ni:opn nnu»n . nuap nmas^ mvA a^on wa 



jsjti yin ih mbxyt nx bvjsb V?aa bxoa wk ' 
'rnbiysD ,'s"n i^nn -ixo , *p?a m^eu vnibiya '3 ik - 
n'jijJBni 'yann win '3 /a^no Ji3-^ .-irrn to? 
tow ntowio vitoi , ayes , nteaa c^na n*. 
^toj3 nt 1 ? nt can a'CJKn »a pr , d'ew to? 'rnp: | 
npinn matoin . (idSsb iya i!?xa Dn-niE-ji-i iva 
, nSon to? torn pica , b n p *? y:i:3 'x-na mpny ntn i: 
o'^k to? u"n , toipn 'jj? -\x «b mai nx kb»u jia-'b * 
nutosoni niptoion tor w as "a , rime ops ^njiSDoa iton, 
nxy o:ato wnrfc jotfj fata mscsnan , nijnapn rvmx. 
ta^na Kin rfrxn nieoK? yjia . ttaniran DiT3*# 
o'SDKnan a'trjxn . mpan uea na?S rotoim »6 it?x ,,-iin 1 
B'Sia 1 o-yiap dtps! Dnjnaa o'DDxnoi annm i 
niBWren , nupooi niatoin t^ tyiwa anai mra wj x 
. pyrin to? mpnpnn inrn mrann 
ntn win pi— it tw it rnxan ninsnnni niaonnnn 
onain-nvvai Domain nntotf6 emn np^n 'torn 
n:ie» wonn tojs?n px , pa— ^ to? ivnatoin niia 1 ? , rn 
pa nWHKi . Tnvt tv ^acna -p bs ntoi) rnaa vnhjt 
, trrrsv ctoianno cana Tn'n to? towni vnann to 
vmais>na nx attnnn Tim . ntawnon nbvhrvrk jjua a 
D'tfin nurjn itowa ijpbw ne 1 ? to:i toia -n:no - 
.rapoani mjwnn pa it* n^peni natrnan pa D'ax' 
jmsi it lino it nito?toieron lvnatwioo no \a\b p'Dse , 
myMWii join • nwinn niyspnn nx to:p7 ltoit?^ n» 
n'tonr naa ,Tn*n!> mmn n"man own an mar 
Kin at ib rtrvn vnann town . noun to* vmacnoa 
D'aopn nflnnr vm wntoys jintorfe ,rhnn criunrr^ 
joanic , m«n nifiDK by arbvuo m oys3 oysa avs 



.17 .16 'op ,Op. cit. (* 
3 



c*\Tunn a'anpn nx Kmpn ':sh i:napn lai? nnon 
Wonn Saten jrnaa o'aps^ San , nanum ^:nn mon Kin 
gnum unj» naSna aa bk -a , ntypea pi k^i . nui nnan n« 
.nin mon }p omw D'npin l-ny n»» , D'an ampnp op nip 
r/rnann rtyinn 'jif onrnwi mnio-n p a'pnan own 
■m'nnaajp n'ouipun n^inn oinna D^non orr^ nan 
urtoa , is trmann ehyvn nrrw bz . r a n & d n '02:1 
, isvpa 'mam oieutid na 1 ? r o"mann cranjffi "?a .ninnx 
nspo 1 ? nrtt .moon .mnr moo n:»n^ B'pxan p an 
D'i-apn (fi'mann man ninnsnn 1 ? nnann 'U-k on'pia 
-■ 1 e a n sm , rftrawn nimann nfopeni croann, o'vnann 
j$o orwu rujob ntfK , moan on if an if an *oa:ty iaa 
D'osca firm rniayn "tto , a's-Vin , irrn bo nrt^an 
caajn «a , a'aifinn ma *jop stimk »"» 12a *?a« . trnw 
fowyn onan on F WTnpmiiBDnEnBai prat fat O'DrrrBfi 
c*e:tt v ja , aoi'p *:sa -py att? »' ics , a"*" rnima 
■wpnarai DTjpn 'a , mpaa carvm nia^r firman mAsni 
np Dovy^ on!? atfoipan amn on erswrt mann ididi 
iina . nra'aano;ip ta niD'a nnne nmn mpon , man 
onaian D'oonr nrK apan lAmc trcsS onia 1 naia nam 
pi , asxy <jfla D-aati-cni d'jhpi n b» in p nan "?p n'amai 
naia loo apn bz nam nx marS c^jiaan , o M man o':pcp 
, a-pinx B'roito nrtt ,n ,( ?K o^r nrw /Hanen ruteon 
mao 1 ? ,nn'iaa a'oin one ,rvmn an'a:a nx n'amnfl 
t rfra ntrnan 



niTnan n«p»s v^p ntrx , mo*n an B"mann a'anyn 
vnann (win n« o^'aas n^wn B'aipn . mam ^» napaian 
.barno Waa ^n jinnip aipa iy rni^ipaai irawa 
*W mpiT mpflicn p'BE'o 'mann ^at?n 'a ^nosa 
D*-ana . -ai^a , p"?in ']« , nvmann ni^iyan bp\ 'mann pnfi 
.tern 'a , D'O^nai ehhk a^-pin nan by eaxp n^n 



■J 



Ill .B'jnH »1D^ '-|1D< 

miirjw n« , mnran ntpnp-miay ntt , cinran n ' o s t? o 1 
"o^iKn •pne'Da D"wsmi D'Wne o'jT'n . o'lni'on rrpmrci 
nry D'rj 'pna— n'nann .1:13 mina— CHinn ,d."^b cis 
, crow^n DmafiZ'03— a %1 ?ju(n ,n»amio— nmnn ,nin ,! 5i 
norma mannsp on-na *a ,naia y\»rb -p iy d**" "UJ'K 
D^xn . Thru rrn-naa pen-man nopgipo o'finwon n^'jjA 
one DiTBxen onvxn •>{& ,an (nxnoV"o , ^«n) D'TOft 
^3» , 'pas vita naa D^nna ccw , mann tp>h jrois 
; mann 'C 1 ^ rnns'sun nnviuiani Dnvjiim ixo can 
f trbrnm D'ruon . mann '^kd o-ip^k on 03 o;n o^wi 
. oison rin oweni c^naen D'JD'on on nnem csyan 
an D'l'iB'jJtPni D'Jnn ,mpn miay , D'BEtPDni D'-nn 
meme-an nrrwwi nuiann niyaiD onatp ownn cnntoHq 
.man ta 'tP'xS 
ne>pm *pt? cmann tranjn naiyaa pnrittn oipan 
o'bim own nrn pai trvnann o'aiyn pa ntrx Dnvn 
rPoVnwri mann nmnsnn!? n-'ryian , niyw ni^iysi d<jht 
on , oysn o'tano urn* an^y -i»n , ricnn . 'mann oison 
"laaip no "ea , man B-Kjnji . mrwm p'lcn , psm -ton 
orsi nr tn ni nyn* maaannio ,(1 pgiap Dcn-pa mm 
nan Kin moji tpflin .nnn nyai nyspa titt D'pniS 0-613* 
onnia unw . "janSi , 110:1 ]vib» tP't? oipaa '-tssx vAsi 
ninrw nto vronn ntppn n« pinb n:iaa , wcinrr Sy o-'oyeb 
^yin^ njiaa p'lisn ^y n'-nis i:n;n o'oi's 1 ?! , 'mann Dieom 
, oysn onano ufiw pvinK ^y iiph , n^iysn . niDipmnS 
,ntatPnn tao ni'nya ,mni njioxn 'x'BD m^ya frrtw p 
n^na par , lVsn mSiyan . (d'£1-iej^£j) oisn 'an;x niSiyo 
•tro'a isK2"ip ns's»n ^y i: 1 ? muTD , maun jdh mi 
O'aiojn o'yiii anpa apenn 1 ? o'Ji^yn o^mann D-oiEon 
.nyna o'-,yaiii s'^aisn ( o"jyn a-,pai 



i„LIberty. Eqiielity and fraternity" 11003 *']f (• 



niNipi .-win naainno nuntrn nwmrei . warn fcwn miio' 
. o"man D'any 
vby mm , tphti "•xfrvrvm Txrn parrmsn nvna 
•a ,iminlj unj» cany ,n"»Tiann nui'tnn Sa D'ooana 
*e6 lS Sou jlTju^p □"nann □"nn diipb in , icvy pan 
hoik Vd . crmann D'anyn nanyaa ptwrvi mpon ns iany 
Sao nnw D'jjxon o^o-on nx rnrr nana naawn nvpn 
, '^j]«n mnn nn 1 * 1 rw mn* nana aain 'Sawn . nioiitfi ■ 
rn caianpn dmiti j'jjnDRn nm mr ntt — 'jpnattn 
t-jpwi'n ,cn-j2 'am qbu rvaan 'w onusnai owno 
tuSbq Sa , nSnp Sa , nnsiro Sa , now Sa . nroioK nioa 
m-pia nbttn nnanna mm nn« Sa , yu Sal op Sa , nvinan 
. nSip Difi'tan in pan iiy ns nma; invn nmoa maam 
-py 1 ? t» D«mam o'aipn nanyaa *»n oipan 
Sr mnnto iSn maxn orp . nrnann nrvwn it* n »^a n 
3'ipn 1 ? iiaxrt *»'« a-otaa nsrn nrtrmn naio Syi ,mayn 
twineri on"n nwi ntrian run dbiSp rn ttbti ny»3 
jjnnwi m bv mtyi ina ns msran nain inrn neafln 
-noi« ''a 'E"K rniy.T» r n?run rrmipmn ten miaxn 

, orb nepm n:aD» nye»a n 
* 3 ' 3 p d'Sbu D"mann o'anyn nnaa '»'S»n oipan n« 
Kin nSttn tranyn pa Snj wrn riyn .ff»n mann 
O'tPuns "ib y:i;a tph ,niann nacv vhifv ypnpn "PV 
fentsam niwnnn p , im 1 in mns , aprn nitwi mann l, w , « 
m B'arnn vSiaja w nvyaon vnniona cays'? iw.t» 
/inann .rr6ion ps rorw — jvncKm npiayn nanwi 
n ijpin nS new nSn ansa! ,mn rrnoio ^y nnovan 
hra niaa nunui mn 1 nana maam , manna nmaa rvniah 
.nu'yo , D'^np rrnnj , n*»np enn , o'Jits D'»np nicipaS 
'j'.-ua on nwa n ,! ?y a'a'ann nown rraa . nnnai n-Ennp 
n-an mpio nown . n'Wm n^np , nmaj , nowi 
trpn , TPtvna , n'E*ia^o , n'jn:a nma i runnna 



nninno noA it nn -[trio Tnan Tpinn .n-itrax tr-innr 
.nwnnn nrvpnn »j? wexru k?» marn niflpswo 
p'K i?Nn nwp»nm nnowi maino nwyvn niNS-nn 
.unsn nsn .DrT-mraruwi D'batwi tvu ktx mrrpno 
,'3 1 tp*3w lip »' n?xn nwvinn^ -a ,(noinn D"np-.n 
*3 ,npBiD rip n^« nr« ,;vSan ?y \imvrh -\vzxv *jeo 
d^im .'nnmipn *?a -j*ijr ba ^Saa on 1 ? p« D'ainan niai^an 
o'?a» "pna nn« nyipai nya ma'pnai rmrcna iSkh ni«vinn 
, jnw awn? it" p ?yi , ni ?y n? dtepoi crtywi can 
—io*? D3i npa , Bp , 2i«? D3 , titi th 1 Sa to nepwrtn rmp:o 
ok , finn jo ]nis ?apa nnsnai ti ?a» .*» . nva^cp-s 
. ima ?ya ot*i Trpn to aian uivna 
ni i"na c'raienDi D'a?in mann to nnn "n , pai 
, n"man D"Tin '??a , n'oeiPDrrmo , Drnrrnno 'B7 ni w 
D'D'pnan niTpnm n>:io«n ,'B'ni open 'pin ,o i ?B r PWi 
npj) ns cnpa inK in . mann aipa paan ^a a^piem 
Ityrro miay?— 'J»n , D'nan o^nn ni7K»7 o-jnm vnina 
, 'mann iicpn rain? nJiracn irtryj nn« rusipna . n'osro 
min "na win mpan ns msM flrmnn nitou — n*je>3 
miay? navy ntt rwipa mann— nwtoa ,mann to 
. bptSDn-'iw ana ?k Tan o"nn d'skib- jot ?aa .iry-ra 
nnSm ira it mjfl»io 1 7K , JiDn torn to maien wwb 
,ira it jmnnsnn -na 



-siop^oj'sri rrotvvin pi i?n jnaaim moam ?nprr/in 
ni?yis nwn niwnnn . ^s'xian ?a»n nibiysa nwm nvV 
rsjn anpa D*a*p;iBn d , a-i x n by posn ,( :ai cmst d^sim 
-jHBj^B^sn nwxinn naa-m . cpjw d'jbik 'B7t»a jna ni?yBJi 
to runrwrn rovryn naa-inn wn o^ansn dv i?«n ni^V 



,|l*m p"* , Le* regies do la mtthode Sociolugiqno C* 



O'p^nn nunwro a'anpon , d^ip owa Knnn pin be 
anm nnaaa naiyn nuwn te n^nn mo . rem aranna 

pBDDO pPNTTlB 'JSD K 1 ? 'Sp'TDKi! JT1D0 n!«BP Ti;ilVp^g3 
3Tp3 PBJ SjfJ lTiir IPX H?K3 D'PiaSaal HTiai nUVD3 

D^y&tu pfinoD nuuci '3 , isnn rw twA paj -inr ; p-inxn 
.vn* h'jspi^p nrnn mw ^a»a n'jKa o^pi wbt 
to jitVid D'snnn a'aspan ay nnn«i moon main 
pip cp^ro traonvn . mann aipa o^yisn D-Barnn-'-nD 
nmwi "?y fcipn npn ny'stec p'n ny , rhttwb yjua on-niyia 
fflWaram *a ,cnio ^an ^a« iwmn cronns cprin 
mx-itta '21 , Snpn nyia ^aa iriwi o-a'pn a'nai n*pna 
D-ppina na bnpn npi rhia up'ttawnn nm 'b 1 ? nrniDen 
yei TiyD yu' (A 'a ,a'P-in na'yani na'jnn .vibr 
mipao baa , Bin p *v by naab taw "mth iy nonto 
dk , nana Sru psD Van 1 ? p 1 ^mxion ^arn bv afipwna 
cyaa prnnj n^i -wnna i6w pn n« vu» ynh smfo tpbk 
.Vnpn nyi 
cnnn pin V bnpn nyi ay n^non moon naa-in 
cppinan bv no-man in rwarei — nw'iwi Q>2 rnt Wia 
ni^sao nn« ru^eopa , ynon oi^twi vnnya . a^tnam 
frranna , mai d':p 1003 nra n^paan pT n« nrnit* oyn 
nn-n rmarriraniu mp^aicnn n^san .moon nyapn 
— in pa»n Sy , r6i"un cmisn nen^o "nriN ,n:r antsy 
»"a myisni jvoiaon vnnya , icnn norfran bv d*S*(*i 
irsnn trrsp mann anpa c*na l^irvpa in , runon 
•toto aipan n« nwTnn nifipwrin ninpi": ik ,a^nj 
—xn ib)' n'tf'Kn moan S« nisin nyi ir» lannna 
v6t nisinn nipan-ma ay n'ancNn moan lannna . Skh 
B«»ion oy mannan n^wnn maan .'smi cyan 'pn 
BwrwH . n:mNn np-y nx nil* s'nnn jein ^ip d^witi 
cz-b npp" nj'N na<in n^jn ii'« n- Sy n'yian moon 
*,-."n pa nrrtpsnnn p« nvynan nupnan ainna 'ajy-nro 



mean . ana 'worn dinh nwi bvfl n« vnsn Kin Kin 'a 
lino n^nffj yaan inx^tt* nna nrpnn ^jy 1 ? npam 
-wi d'-iimii n« m'wroi noteo km . jvj^ikyyi mean 
niaon:iB>io dk coin hit hcjod K'na- naa o^j^ik 
niaon , njiPKin naoni maipn p rrh'jisn .ni'pxann 
rrmwun , Dno nnrenn k*?i pirivrn ^ ^p nmrsno rrp-ion 
ntbfetfvn nuroan , nr^snonn bz by , mum bxvm vrn 
moi ^ao p oVipTi m-r nai nK miiao ten .mneiKon 
1'3 "hpk -icpm anvi n» nniK-ina ,iWTin *iio Sx -vnrtb 
. jddi Dipoa ontm 



a 
K 

fc 



nm ipk or k»di-pjo3 nmaa □"lit? nSapa moan 
nwpMin dp n-annai ma^no moans* nKin naavin . mtnn 
D"nn '^Sa (D'BSffon-mo n« m^ia , nunnKn mjnm 
infra miwin np'p , 'flvn opon 'pin , d^k'tkh , D"j-ion 

nrouipxn niep»nn ay maiiipHn moan ra3-in 
rfern mo hk ia iidS jok: mo-nap lTTa nsnu mannn 
'a 1 ? , ik lrjaSar npa D"ionn iron* n« p-son 1 ? rnann bv 
-nam k 1 ? piwi Ka3on .D"nn mo nw , bvn wason 
o'San nK D'aifinn D'ision , bcob , lp-ra kS . ttix ^3 -ny 
D"nn mo*? .byisn paw onae* ,n-nn n*i □•troSan nxi 
■< a 1 x 1 n o ' j •> k^jn dtk "i3i oTis^oni wbsn ; byim ■?» 
0: . D'Tin ma nK i > 3 n b n t? 2 K ore ^<yt? , o'-irtd 
k^> orm ma^> iaup *:£3 -j i 1 x n nts cairm o'leion 
o ,l ?pisn nj^so tmro -toipn bytsn . naxn ^h tioA ia"ipna 
Kin» noa nniaj inr D"n mo ib n:ip wk noixn naip 
ntinK ^pab nrn^i ppipn by sttireb -pin dk E"jnei irn 
BK'Bion j»ion ,unjN unpi 'e 1 ? ,K i n n'rewn o^nn mo 
jii'jiysn ^pi prn ":p p'Etram hsus i^un , n'aiaipKn n^nno 
jivoi;ipxn nwptpnm JVDi:ip«n maona maino mm man 



. o i : > i • 3 .n 



^a bv trvrt iijrai jnn 'jj? aian pirva , unnn yaon 
rojrrn nx nspo n'onostn moon .jtoth ipsj 'jya b'k 
capcton , D'jrism D'ipn , 09X1 DinnS myjisn nijnm 
owaaoa (toa 1 ? nrnn E"xn tponara onat? , BTftDH -una 
•wr Kin ^irn '3 , a»w man . mmsn vnwrji m o'wn 
*»pa nrx 'so wwi ^ip Kin -inn "qi , rAwi pits xiSaa ' 
rw awn 1 ? Sin 133 oouon otwi . nsu vrai innon 'n 
mn ^ait .ma cj jaioa o-ti tmn^ rtnrn nw ni^ipn 
D'anm B'siPft o'yatrr D'ipn , o'a'jn 'ana K'ons , n l 5 mi* 

nttllH t?E32 a'pin p D'pvi D'VltPffl H« 07HJttnH3 S'jinSi 
MBR mitpna fraoin ns nspa nvnn.mDon . yoiwm 
nyi cwwn cr^wna , pi; 1 ? d'xi: »tAa d"cx mna nwrxaai 
firman . ■tJian oixn 5"iuai yaea c^ana^ B'atsron , a ,( wr 
Htnan ""= "pn bya n-nenon trwn e*sj *a ,-bvbm 
twain ':2s n-msa en ,ro"»tn ^> ma^ nvnV rm«R 
JntaiDM ™S yiisa anS ennm Sn: ins nton 'ptfwwj! 
oViao mrno'rQ'Doijbn D'opn .i«aii? nuwi man fcsi 
■»»j"i3 D'iaia en jnviris by i»k , niff^ni main mwn pa 
Bpwm nan*mT3Di niptnn nwnn pai ,twu bkbi na 
mputtn niaim ote natfsnn iaa» , nirwa as. . cp^k 1133^ 
mwea ii'a'a cj pornib O'^anan my a , a , oia ,D':m o^iaj: 
iwmtri '3»ro '■1-1; -nvn pVnni ,niyi mmn b^tam bhu 
b* nwxea ik n-ai d-":"« o^« nwroa paws n'rxn 
moan 'a ,awrrt irn nipo pi ^w-fei p*t>p inx 1 

, h*m w na-pno itph nvnn 
';•::;'? niyjun ,'e»ten jid,i ^1* nionvran /moon 
'^ua c'Dpn bun pi niD'pno ,atMion jrjnm naa-non 
ftnDOOB*:ain n=3 inra noipien fiioon .nn-ajn mainn 
mmm nijm»n ipn?a mVu iw« , nu^wnn M'n n;n 3«n 
nnna ippa i»k , nwDon n« nspa nxm nieon . nToeyfl 
mit'ifo nx nitnnbi n'2inS ruua d"jw D'o^n "7 b^jw 
"n vnieJonKi inina m mb ,^ia*-^ani 'Thm 'jkh- 



.miSi'msn • 



I 



''Thy D<:pn papya matron 'a , a^nn 1 ? niatn Mb Tvnn 
\-1Sa1 nva-aprawx masSe p otoei *r by in crash 

nm cViyn nx p'n-m jvbj rtryj ne-xa — , manna nvnn 
onus Tin epvi D % fjn:n Bra *:a ^aai an'maxa trniTBiffl 
O'Ennn nnnnE" o'raan 'a ,nx-i:i annx nnn jbi^ abiyn -hxS 
,tb:i , utf ta ^ao nnvnatc 'Wa^ iibj ]vm B'an anS rati 
nrfr ffflp onw a"n™6!?a mwr , nitPTin mpTn 'a . mtt 
^a aipa nnn ntp'w ix d 1 :* "pea amrrn^ cbyy , on"n 'B'a 
UEptUP o"i:tPno Tirkb wbw umx ntn Tain nx — pan ^a 
nan oxi . tpaten 'Din niopann *brb la^a onoxn 'Saihi 
maa nnama D"nn-nya Sip nvDUipwi mypn 'a ( na"m 
Snpa -a , tywb iib' »'• ix , nnann nicon nnFO ny it 
en dj Dnainta nu^aom man ^a D^oin *rao onn* 
.n-cana npvp maa 
, nrci;xn nnanna man ^aa nxxo: n'auipwn moan 
numae naiaa invn naman by nnaiyn , wmen 'flaw i^'sm 
BTiovn iaia nvioa man nijnr orb ti» , rr»i3(ffi nTffiBrinij 
niaoixn 'raai mai nvn ^nrnana ( nnwAi nlratA tmrs| 
nnDan wn f inv maaman nnoan nmo' .a'awn naian 
iinoon .crmsn mavaan a: B^pna ,nvnam nm'-nvi 
, nsnaS-D , DDi]en D'ayn bit* inv nana maa mnmsa 
a^oyn ^>xx p~\ nibapa jn nniaa -invn ninnsnnn nx ^a* 
.-inva coDuan 
nnoan 'jb'db ja'D ^a d'xxid urn o^nm^ya nnana 
Q*mz>: unax n'rxn nnoan ay ^ax , wn jion "jx niDrvnnn 
nuiaxn nK nape n < a a < a * j k n moan , mun nnan ^aa 
'■>a ,d'3«kd o'xisn ■ wbimi ibu"j yaua craw j'ax' ntwej 
naiaxm ,nm tfsa ,( ?ya on a*aann naiyaa D'an omv 
b& BPBiTDn cn'aivai o^anan cn-mnaa Q'sien u'dk' ■ 
n^cpyi "i" 1 ? yna ab-^t mcai n^Nn a-anan a^nn- 1 ' 
ipy , n'oo'B^sn mioan 'p^na naa: pbrh ran [ffi 
iiwxoa nji^Kn «'n D'Deuan D'cyn f?»K n'ao-a'awi n-: 



jion btt recrenan reionn yz -pya mrhvn moan 
>by2 ownn 'ore iipao nyau n*n .nnnon H'n jwmn 
yt , reman rena S» nippa nr> nt o'-wpn me>n axon 
nspanan ,renan . rnanaw ffwinnni D'jv^yn ion' npao 
»6k "jyifln St* nana rimrt nbir nwt ,onD maiy -nro 
nioiBs inrn nwrsn cnun ■»« dp nxtfu laas? nipoa 
|'K , m naiy^j . remnnn nubaem mymn wjjA yji» 
tnyjiannriDon— mAaom myvrn 'ryS reyuan nnoan 
*Sk nrnnS ni^ia'' — ooxya cnuyn 161 .man o'j'jy^ 
,iwnan ma h*m , reman nrwpnn ipk em naats> oipea 
mnnflnn . mm niyi nut . reiamreui noi»s mwa i^um 
, inva D'lniKD d'Jdd rfaman ,manai mnanvnarm man 
ronni fpnB moa , cam D^iaja reran nwsrn in 
nmn matrannni ninnamn , Dt^e* d'cik^i D'oas?! dttu 
nnoan nnnnn rh nmp p'tw *6k rnnpift nsxb mia- 1 nrK 
cmia D'^'KnE* , man .nwaom rAjnnn 'j'jjrj myjuti 
nnayn ton , nenwo moo ipk db6 pacnai nyia nm« 
jpstpon , TS'JBn -niyani yjon . nnwm nwtt-in rranon 
3^a 'rin pann sin , .inn rena itppa Tttprsb msn ':a by 
tHfSOfi ninoon .in omvn Soa nneSi a'nrAi pttn" onsn 
,\Tbwn niynwa remann mAaom reionn myinn wsh 
r.H bazb mann 'ff'KO Trwi tik fe nx reiaani r^xan 
,ke-h mama reman mean .fj^an pm 'jso 'cnsn uin 
mirp nmnnsnni ,reT7i*m recuiprtno ,trnpn ntrv ne?Na 
. iy -,-irn -wpa mmnxa n^x ninnanna 
, nvDuipun mrea , jwmn Jinn "rx niorensn mnoan 
'a , >stp anp . □"nn-'Sya nvona □: ' 1 ?nnn 3x03 n«XBfl 
nmo-o nama ,oprtaDJWi ix , ' y 2 u n » j t no bnjn pjnn 
Bhwaxo nani'a s'bzf.s a"nn-^ya 'a ) mini* o^oa ^nooi 
.TJBian rram n'svyn naiyaa n-yiaan , m : 1 1 1? a -\kh 
•S3 73D Tna nrejn *?« nntt B'sxy-naiyao D'laiym 
w p-i ,np»t3i .niy'T d: dx '3 ,mann Dpntfpton" ^a 



•ll^VJll 



I 



btt mormon nnoan pa nrno*m mwrn moan 

nipoe nyaii nstn niDon .jvouipwi ion prttin Jion 
p— -pen nv*n to innaynen iipoo , D'tsuijsHn own 
iir^ — DiKn 'a nnana |m wii noixn , oonn naiyoa 
n'rjnnn 'rapb wu ten . pinwi ^t? vwirAi inaiai> , p^jm 
n:'K m ''ait , nxrn n^yinn nn ni3v6 a'jnttwni nnnnn 
nifjKBTn m>snnn n i n a ry hSkbh nvprrt Sai Sao nwu 
tm rrouipttn moan . n'jyinn tjj£ mormon nnniri 
o'jidi mp'jnD ar D"»nian nwirm oinra San ,n * m m a 
caixn on cpBTMnni rwtwi F |ijfon .nawsn . b*jip 
Brwn^3B3 nnVun rwiwi ,oixn':2' o^wn b'iifktt 
fflWfi ,iovjtd impn pi 1 l»M ,on n^tn D'aiirS yji;a 
naSa on pi if* , mmaipKn moon bv o"ipj?n 
by ms'Txn . D 1 DiTani , 'KnB bm mvn ™n ^xh b'wbj 
VTOM , o-ir^nn , nsr.ffirorrrmayn .o'sna'wn , rn^n-^a isi 
S'jaa mo3D:i , iiy ■'ab onnwD d'jdu nrou timffprnfl 
-pyo mns oaiy ntf« ,Q ,, j»nmo i mnj mouipxn mean 
n'oiiipitn moon raaiD vbp i»« , Tvn .B^isrtnn finwn 
o-ininon D'xta -aw ; n ' 3 n-n "? 3 b 3 xvi , B'jiiwnn o'JDia 
^3 nx ncpoi nion moon ramie tropiasi a'oyn Svm 
rbohnvan , inooni nannn Se> naaiem namn nwjnwl 
.man nbb -pno hiboti -|n, 
pwKin aion b& merman .moan p3 mjwn mean 
-nya b» iwjcnnn upoa nyau .inih moan . n'TlWi ten 
ran W?s^ wa 133 U'D'3 D'oann an . nianaff nwn"n3H 
rm"jn.7i-iu^3Dn noeano vby rz'x ,'noxn tiovi »a , n~x 
mpo^ pjisa ,iii^:oni nop:n lai 'aia . nap:n km 
•jBffla maim nwit '-t i?y amane , o^nn *ipoo nTpfij 
o'jnapi anna a ■ p n 1 a ' b b a niwa otidJiioi a'ai min 
tp» ,,".?s 1 i o'pnm O'^San .on*!? oixn -om n» o'V'aatw 
mean nx O'TjTI' , n'm an-s ^p i^si o>n no 1 onytspoS 
te ^coaBon u-.v") B'cac*cn- ,, jnM xa'a nruiofi 







rnnfl ntn cn'3 .inx in "a 1 -paa ,iia Mia p frea 
nvpinianrr^v nmaryrnan .nenwDn mwfimyo n:r; 
tx rrtnnwim rrnin ,n*am yi:p 'man itrp 1 : nw tea 
from . "-x^-cn p - 2 ; rrn :■ — ^tru ;sn "jam mxo in;; 
mann -s-x ""•; nnoein , nuiawn ni^Tn cnaa Kin ".-ni-n 
, ft 3*00 i^JTH "^ ,1^ D'Kllp lA«« 1WH ,111 ^K 1113 

,a'on h n rw rnami njna mann '»'« anaw moan mara 
fna irai D'a' 'JbS on*ra nfna t* , nwrTtsm D'ruon 

nftpin^ nmn .'lan-'rta -112 ja 2; inarm -pr-r 1 -:: 
dwitj nwpwn nnnn nwrw . 212 mux nrrnts iremw 
<aBO xipnS n-itn macn . 0'inwan rrn: ]':pb .1-22.1 "j 
^nprrnjn w , a i nnn to Snprrnyi DM rr 
. n a 2 1 a n 
Sol ,n-:ia nii'to^ nana nrmann rniODH aiac ^3 
jTOwasn r nnm'B niiaa^ mono o-mnKn mKOTwi ins 
. D'Miann c-nn Tiyo inx j-y n;-x bj? nrw ^3 mVapom 
mp!> myjin ix n 1 * 1 3i p b n s p pzwn Ji2na rrnoan 
WOJ&an 'j'jy^ myJian ik nvi'irn ;n-i2nn mjwin 
,nyai?oni paten , ,ir.'_"pr.nn •;•;;■'? m?Ji;n ix nrrnan 
uS i-.sl-j '-■s ,r.i;-.i3in nums'po |wmn -12.12 nroon 
fcrinn ain.13 uS n-anpn mini -2-3 itrpj is?« nwcjno 
-ivaa'a'ixn ip'siwijion p rnioan . n'snani D"L-ni2.i 
! nwnfiDnw nvanoxn ; aixn dyjt ^k morrnan ix 
. mm n;i2xn wsyh niarpnan nbx—n rmn; wnn 'an 
mtf na ffi nx mrpe ntn 'itm iicn ^aa mean nneon 
hwn a^ipo , D"»nio-'n^an nuwnn ariya uS itimm tbh 
1 jn w*ton jicna niioan . a-sriian rrmwi '^Ji rvwiMn 
nvpecran ; mn -ipn 1 : men-ran -x m'Ji^iirnn 
rhn -— n 1 , 3 1 □ n ; pan inxte naa rr.'pn^ royjmn w 
aian ^tea niDjajn niiaan . 222.1 ni-pn wpb nam 
Binjia ut!«kb iA unw isrx , nurain -x ms-pa 'C"^»n 
• inn: n: 




I 



nneti '3 , DTnv i;Sa ■ mp'jfD nyaio njn , pec ba *^a , xvr 
npn Snpn-njn Sir piap invn ote-in rw nn»y duww 
— pvoip-x nt-s Si? neaa -SaS nrwya -iph ^dti urmia 
ii'-i mi . D'c-iip Sip in oS-12 Sip , 'S^j So , fto^ Sp 
, pnjn naivoa '3 , nin nam nn laS Stt aa> Snpn p« : mn« 
-itPK , nmpa ma»na Spa vi »'« awr , npiVj nrao 

'SatP K!Pai*T7JD3 K31 ,lBl'pB lS'BK v\f itk arm DSi?n 
errniaupna Si? -aisn inn onin .in ipaoai anaion nan &■ 
. cay nu Syi 
Kaaan-'Sa una hipcbb rravn nne&n .nut *npi 
wa .'inan biSiph \-nnpa .pi Snprrnjn Sip 'ip'jn 
naan noBin mSnn nvaayn nwianm DTisn n't?inn 
npwn jreionS d;sn nSin rmnpn . ppmn naipa n« umn 
oa awn K'n 'a r pflD Sa pw Saw , mann "n Sy memo 
can nnn "a'a rwa» iima , lr-in* anon nrmn 'B'a 
. iroin noion nan Stf '"ip'pn Naaan^Sa nina , u':eS» 
,nvmtKn .Tmain nx wSoS rmipnn ispk ,prvrvi Tjr* 
ira'a bj '3 ,nn3ia ,a"jpn ciaianB B-caan -trtttS nriWS 
c-aysh psnnS nnan -pna -moan nan Sia* lamnriarfJ 
"p-jsw , piSpji nn?S , nSnaia 'B'a n»tta jtiShj SiysSi nxirx s 1 
. aa'jyi npTg , ^c;wi iV— "I 
•wpen ,'nn i»pn n» nrnwjrmana nmno man Sa 
onnymann vn iipn ,nsnwan-mrpn .ntS nt n'a"» ratf 
□aSa jnaan 'vaa b>ji "'ap p-11 pasm njn ^Sa m n» ^"" 
ri*wpnnS nS'yian nrnvi naon nvno npDis , B'bvi naaEs*^ 
rrma -nana mann *wx an-aa nxSni nnya ; mam t?^** 
naaS n-tppa m*tn nnn»n mam , annrw nxi anntppnn r^" 
.mam «)U mpisnn iya Sna naa naapan .cSye-nas' 



tfi«3 liS nSjnon ,mann her nnwvjrman bj Sa« 
nSs -?S nr mam 'E"k n« -iiraS n-Si3' puw , rm™ 




. QT23 WIDTH ^33 cb^H «nS FJUfl ^2D WOTO D'JTfl. 

njnD^ nyjo ^nprrnjn '3 jO'o^no wuit %a yna 'ja* 
"ib»k , pnAawa o^anon traipn a-ipa jn ninnann te nniaj 
, iirpa . nnnvnn nVi£»on pa -inva ^nj oipa pirn dip j»k 
jiip'jnno np^nn ^ ru§n mam -pp .iraaw on'a ,ai 
..(ran "na n-niyncn r6n» ^a by 'aoiaa p-6 awn 
o^Tpa nrutsn nnn nwxo: nvaoien niEDnnjr meipna 
nx mno ^npn ptt onn moipoa .n^nonn d'jido onai»i 
(mom Snpn-nyi '3 , twtn unjtt p ^y , hacka injri 
n^»ao nuraoa rr-ftn m-mcon nvnon nnann aipa 
fcnnn moai ayn nte»n moa p dj rr6n wn .wVjwi 
iiDtP 1 ? oyatp nnnran mp^non to? pnvn ^xi m£aon bn 
-aifi'-n m i * n (6 . vb it ptim pixn n«i nubon n« 
Rtax . yp^awm nnn ok 'a , ip-'pn kyi ivajrt 

^3K , own D"Jjp^3«JH D'TIB Itl 1! \rh wpm rrwiai 

. rrxnaa nspxa wr n'noxn ^iprrmn nnnana rrtjab 
■nam mo^»a yp^aian mi nVipn nn nrna l^ax ^a« 
fcprrnjn mxu w iVax— d'Jibji d^wd o'e^x ch2 nbnpn 
t D'tffJKn . irayo o'j'WD n^3» nye»n nnn nVipi nVip ^>aa 
irnrcnNa Snpn-nyn tptna noy nnn in ^ 'Jsf? *ny -taw 
sStmb jnraipBn nonpros nSnpi nSnp ^aa (nnarnrmniQ 
-*ik nioipan ana nny nan ,Kcnn mnnxn^ya , iDian 
cpDyn 'Ijya inem onmnn nny ixa ooipca .Dnpcwn na 
Mir o'^iaja . ^npn-nyi by nnwm rqwin ntt yaspn 1 ? 
^>ax . oumym nraeien maoxn "y ^npn nyi mxu o*am 
na-^na ':?:x npaien nnn ipya trxxw ouinyni meoKn dj 
. o-oyo 
^npn-nyT noao •bih o^myn vn n ,- ian nwina 
.rrnayn -\u rfrnxa nyi:nn 'Q'a n^an br -rasa pica 
•fpna ntsn'jnn o'jinyn niiaD 'a ,moiwi rvbbsn ay-n 
paawi na nx use ,( ra^ iy niaiion n'myxm rrnun 

si piyin ,rmnpm naan ~py nx naA mmm rwKT! 






mn 



th Sax ,»ina nire mani man hi ,hvsh .na^a c 
pw p? ta D'-iniDn -pips nyvnm rwnn «ij» nx >:: 
mx 'jaw ;D*npani nmncna nmion mo'rt rn*a ; 
irTBon n» D'Enrw nnx .nxa rno'ifs "11*6 mam n-r 
bwki »m jimp '"Din , nn ysyh o'Dfrnon warn 
nth nan jsiKa , ( > rfasv ruarrVi rrma Jiyn'^ raipa r 
-•t.» jrjjipi -&K f ny-n nytsvin n* o'aysS mann r 
'P'ko inn *|K pt» '?aa ,nanpa o*pnan \yf 
.micffsnn 'taaiw in ,nrn raman pxn ninorma 
w , nnra mpai rnpa Saa ;na vshra x-nc rmnrn n» i 
'ins bix . mann >e"k nxn- "?y Syia Kin ana» c:Eixn r 
mx noiy 1 ? mx outran arpma nx mann '!p-n vrxp 
taanri no 1 iipx nx awnbi Tan 1 ? x-ix *?a ioSto - 
nnvna nmn naaan n^inn m ,ipss&w naaaSyaua m 
«"n nS sna 1 ? runrwn fjainip jsiKa , nvnann maw6 n 
my« ran mna • naaira nx eise-Si n:^D jaw sbv ' 
ir-xr , B'^Van o'eatroni ataman niao j nai^a ,b nprj-ftjf 
pjn pjy ^ yjua n^ nicna .nmavy nK maan , 

. Q'flnimxr rrrfl 
-juono mbn brrpnrnsn nrwwi mrtnvs ,pvs r'rxo 
-mains' maipaa , aitP'n anpa a*p:ymme ,! ?nm 'S:rn x 
^k ;^»a^ ,D'3m mbiaaa dip vavsm ab -•:• =•:•:: 
-nyn "iO'O ^a d'kvid im-k ann maipaa , np-raa anno ' 
cuwrriifl^ni (MParyjarw nicipna ,it>x noiiAi ,' 
Twnnrrrrbmz :bvsb ^nmsn vn ne-xa , nana moa ini 
rurieb "jnpn-nyn rrma nnn maipaa ,nnx nn 'a' * 
mnfl»an poipan-pmn iV'ek .mnnsnnn nurtao rtH 
fjnpn njn mnnann nya naaya naD 1 ? rm6 'kp 
bzpb rtia*n rA E" nnsroi nne»a Sa 'a , nb«n mm 
jiflon^na jnnrrpn niscsn .n^ann-'na nyi '"» my 



? pSn Intro due hi on dls Eocloiogie, Da gruf (* 



nveit nvweb\ moa nwn D'cye^ f nrot m»ji 

. K1101 

nyao vrarei h^wni nvnann mann nmo' nnanm 
mnn npfl»ii nnn nrraj inr nmiA nnmnsnn -pro 
inbm nimon jn mtrn ninnsfina rrnpyn human .mpani 
pnatn na ninnsnn , ^wvinn "jk/i man ninnsnn rpBtn 
ntwivi nKYinn . d^k'si&i D'aiyn rnnnnnn , ^iraiDn 
f nopBiaii warn rfoxwon nvnan ten nmn nmnsnrmo 
iit3^ , rvnoxy ni< rrraan , man ba nftiy nniyxoxa ibk 
. TJijra Ffrtu nx nyrr nmo iy 
mann npan ibk mpani nnitrcy hk mann man 
bm dtw Tiw n^k ir« in w— oaraai nyna n'Byo n« 
m'Sion roan ten nnun : nipmD tnv crbaz , ik , irk jvin 
mae-nono mitu nVwa rrmann mann» , t fil(ta • n,wn nx 

■baB anpa nn« nysai nya mo'pnom nrniynan nro-an 
mu , r; ^y nt o^yiani trj'WBfi ,o'a*i o'^KiTa'ij'K 
fciaxy hk mann man d: maSnoi manna lavy mil 
ppiVmronron cSaBn ^b niiBn nvaisn nnanna 

mann Si? n'nnsn niovyrrman n« pram Snaan (ffW 
JiHBjrtJ (nana np'no nbaan n 1 ? nn^ -ins rwp ftaa UPS 
Kan m»n nn npi 1 ? mann n^no nnKi *intt Sa : nr Kin 
mm iDa , n'cjsn mi^anan p:yf> onix rranyi aTmaBnm 
manon pjjrt Kin vnwm vmaBno hk naao nBiy 
1 on\TQBnoi man niBn 'a , main 'Trot ;nw3fin 
jtk Syis wn , la 1 ? aipa D'cpnan niaBno^i niBj-nS np*ya 
i)iDa wa' man dj 'a , *nm pnaaai nptn mpna rmSiya 
i^ye'i Kin vrmi'rnn oy ipya niiBn niB^nn 'v 1 ? «jio ^a 
. ^yis Kin lax nrnyOT 
jik niBB Tn'i rn' bs "ibk , nsrn nttiBnn mysoM 
,-ronn 'B'k bv onwii anviip'T oy vmin nKi vmy'T 
, Hwjjrrn ana-no noyaioi rrrna n:an mann n»3n , D'inxn 
pin 1 ; p-\ n^ia 1 abiyn nn , n n 1 ? ,nxin nm»nn nyw ,i»k 



Qiyn ^3 , [i wwrp t map ova n'Bmaon iipp -wh , my 
. nysr !»ai ny ^aa ninwwi nrmn nnaiy ;n i' 

iann "na B^yaa mam rrfamrfc moron macn pa 
ma iaan uS myirn ,niaon jnw n» oj ai»r6 i 
. B^VKiranrwi o'psrem nuiyjpn mowirirA mens ; 
3*pa DTflram o'yanwi naco niaonn^ onun , StpaS ,c 
-D-aeon niD'tfinc own unj« low , p dj oro , 
frmbm . m^nsm wjien , niasnon isdd niainn^ , 
jnateni nnnnnn .mnnn'pop^nDnKnmQiflaiayon ,a 
. rwtn npn rAiyen n« on oj o^ 
m^wviD ni^nys rr6jnn^ nmun , rrvmn naon 'ran 
*nn "?a nx jam "jy niDTinni bm naa niBBien , n 
csown , B , »»n jyjionn maoiwin mn , p 1 ? jbipS ■noy ' 
ecu on ; o'vaan nwain nycee^ re>pj ?p cio , ( 
"iiraiD anVion Djrovna ; orn^y top n»« "73 n« 1 
caSin on jnwvoa vrw> "53 on^ j'kp kw nunr 
o'-iexoi na' niSx'j'iD d ,[ jd nywn nnn "inai -mo *^a r 
i^pso npa nvirw » n ^a »\no nvt pain . o'a' 
S^aa B'waan r D'&rpa'njwio "inm mK ^3 'a \y , 1 
riyi prtoa i6onai rvenan iimnx smi nn law 
rnuwi 1 ? n»Bn|ny urn p^yi .toipn to -vaan nan rii: 
taano ima mn 'Tn' nww A "ib>k , lalja cpiaan D"j 
■nxpo ^a o^aio d^k iVm K-iantr ioa , uixi naa 1 
by aiay *?ai -nvya bz ponn dj ^nao 1 nb p , cam 
n« nan niTnoa nbiysb mvb Ten t)«w mm ,1; 
,D'«n urns -1010 ,Dn o-aionn . laa^a lpou tbh nurs 
m»*an nipatpnn 'a 1 ?! , m»in mpm niiffjn ^ap^ B'nui j 
{roye^i n^on dipjt troye^ o'sfjono on pnn ja nnV 

it Crime polltlqu et lei rCTOlatioiu, Lombroso et Lasehi '«jr (1 

J 7 



• CiJ'Vi JT .ft 9fl 

ma . mpya^ dt^ zra^ nrvai o'mai ^a ,mw ni^iye 
sptsi n« nraoam nprncn , cnn-^ya cAiyD nan 
br^K aipnna i»k , D'arutrn <~ny m K'anS o^ia' utuk 
in* d'iptjdi irw yna o^a *prp o^ana on ,it anar 
nVman rivnsj d: fjpnipa iovy ntn jwnn : dh'ib hyo 
IP* 'aao dp£33 Sy D'B^Dii DTi-na crur^a ik D'Tr^yaw 
B'flDKrffl d'Pjk 'Jionp , nvipan niBDKa ik , n-amriB niao 
. b*ri "tbs yiiKo tick mpoa ninpoi ino m»n 'iAo 
~n\prb ^y o; otbpo I'wn niem-tn van 'a , aw6 -no' 
D'OKn ,a'won f?» Dalian D'Yipn tyi n^nan o'ifivn 
-iB^aai noa nnK rrsuaa oipob aipaa ovoun , d'oidhi 

japm w p mann '^k St? maiDKm niiwvi nnannn 
n«o cya pi nvbm .nryaa niViyaa rfonan (n'BBa'om 
jivrnoD nmaj nma Sy neptria ,o ,l >yiBn Se> o:inai nnyia 
-•CEZ'Da .niyiea ,nifjraa ,nver:yn mjnana nnmncnn 
fcftjrursTD nyum npian Sa a'ta .firman maancai tpr? 
vaxy m^uno imrpa ,opn be vbkd impa rwiio nrooffn 
gwe moa .ayn bv ^K'xion lyaaa vwptai ayn bv 
J oyn aipa »33n ^ini a'^ipan .mwifin O'tritfl 1HJO 
D'^yn . nrman niaanob rrain nptnnoi rrweno if moa 
fiojrn : "oi^a , nbpi by Vpenrnn anSrvA nyataa fftaaon 
•wo nipstpn bipb inva cW?y r omn mviKa ffStPHI 
!#*rooyn BsrrnAnan mnn w it r6noa m l ?nn ( Ji 'paon (£*J"in 
nrmn nyun ,*TDvnn npnaita mrnam noanon 
Bio I'd nasns , bvvb , ttiq mama nijnsn , rrfrTDa 
natpa ^y dtho itaic *w i^um ny ,iao5 nan 
# ^reV , eriiu mavna n^Tsn ik ,(in*nm rrnnsti 






t fOT W ,M S ,X 7a Poli«c»I idem* qnartvrlr '* 

,S63 ray 



ririKi nrw ^2^ D-emem , tr'^a mamoi m»n nansn 1 
umx ntwiwn ^ canteen rrtwn niawram nwrfc . 
♦ nwum "?» *hs\ bivn avz 0-* 
cm owid rww myaa cn;j Sab nxa twiS irSy 
.n'^n'xiD man w , '?K , yiD^3» iD'Kaao? 

■•Sa D ,( ?X«31 D'atfaiB D 1 KD3D Sal ^33 OJ'S n"?Kn B'Kffi 

D^non 'cbbi -wiio pnn sin ^rown Satrn , byiaa me 
Kim tngrvsnwt biv ba by uan nxa nbiy Kin .nw 
.^KiTinrs jin ba by ayaa nba;a 'ifja nbtpaa ' 
ba bv shy&n -pna xhx o'pna uaw 'torsion ba»n ' 
•ViaSat? nr* ijjvaia i:S t»A o*f\r unjK jw ,Tm * 
mam .rn'n be manni baimi laba nins nn: 
omipnan mwiffl matpnan mao «tot xis'k nsw mtonr 
batpn .fnana» D'Trm S3 anpa nn« nyc-3 
o^seai n'Syian a'3-i o'^totiranrs n^ac pap Kin <tor 
bs jn n; by nt orpnipBwn □mnibiya ten , 'jem by ' 
B'SyiaiDTsaran D'atffin ,D'E"na one-iy , mprm niton 
.van bym mam air m i»it nm pjt i^n n« ini 
o'Tn 1 be rvbawnnnrwn km ""tornon bairn ,nn« r 
.[i pDiTi bv rvbaen nnnKn , 
bjnsb nsTtr rnann 'b>'k b» mnoitm 'nitwin rmawift 
,manp D-ayab , masa'cm 'ipnn ^y nma'a -invn nmrara 
ntoya nmxa ccjs pan aip3 aeanai nitwi b£> b: «a*^ 
,-iko ayo t&x byian bv lmnai myia mbn n^KW n < y as E 
nm , awns ynab a'sa cyaiiffn innc nsrx yjna : be?c' 
( nrw n;;ax3 ik mana nnainan a'p'Kn ,n~7]it -n>- ; 
maiyb yjua a'a-nan ( nntt maiya nm oSa 0^3.-10=^ 
n«i D'ja'on nK inyn '-a bp b-n nwim a^v niB-jT n***" 
n^tn D'JP-'Kn , b'ip E'sj-nayo a'j'xan D'nvnn mm* 
nn 1 d^ SiysS o^airai cjam aayy nK D'oysS a'K 

. 1* 11 , Pajcliologic ties fonlfla . Lu Bon (' 




iCJ3TJ ." .2 niD-fliiB 



TVshrTBn mD , » 



icnann mm: n'pa ^Hl) 



/px'^BB app* 






♦"Train, nxxin 

:_ 

t. e. 

OcHosairiH Couiojioria. 

IlepeBoa* 3. TEnJIUHKATO. 

BBflanie „Tyuilfl-'. 



Jiimra II 

BAPHIABA. 1901. 
[Tpn, HL Ht rantrepa « Houn., Huimh \ 



! ito vniaeno m Trrn ^r vnwno , anh pom lrt Krw 
i trtP'R n>atpnao Tama jna ^ n j n p'?nn ; noyo moa si 
1 ; onnn bv ojixi njf bum nnn Ton nisxaj iMibiyc . a ' 1 n h 
yfi»iD wn ntn nam jixvt *ua oaipno khp ny:ra iVsk 
':a bar no km naKn .1^ rmne tvhto ibv noun , udd 

ISO HTtTO 1^ I'KtPl O'ta'SnD , D-IKH '» an IK , DTWV 

nit pa' vh •>&* , K"«n . "D'oyn noaon,, km noun ; frown 
•fewtta mpj Kin ,noy D'ao 1 n^> ik nmn rrttafi nosn 

'8»K bs WJT nPK flK »UT K^ -1CK , E"KH , yjlPD IK 

nyeo bk v6a a:nat ^y n^Jiy win oaba napj mWR 
. o^oto vi^an o'P'Kna nWQQB w«n t vpsh istia'c 
D'^aJD ifliKo mm inK bz bv o"a-isn maiW nvna„ 
HWWi ijntonSi unsafe unj« cronipc pb , jam oipoa 
iWnxno nnKi nnK ba ,nnan , oaten f spfl .irian ni:ro;a 
feapn Sysn rwp na n»K , mnro rwao km iW>n rmmana 
-ipk , na*aon km djkii in , -ron ik , an& ids ,-imm fep 
ofeiya j-tn yjie nxtn nraen myxoxa p^ ;nn rrrv na 
,nnan bv ystro ayn . uao yj£j Kin nmpsosa p-n won 
flurwno jwiPioni "jy&ri , ttim bin . thm fey nyeca nnam 
fliftv nifeiyn mo km dj feyis , nnam d>m bv o^fefean 
nvwcnfe ife'yina ,nnan feyi ayn fey niyvrmyEtm p'sinst 
.(i B 0"niann a"nn 
v-h bv 'fefean feat?n pa nfe* mm fe'ian Kfe D'Kvfe 
feaK .nvtsuwi fea fee 1 'fefean feasrn pai nns rrins man 
oyi ay fea . mn 'jiann nx niOE*^ i:hkd »nn 'pion nm 
-ion SaE-na djibti , ini»o 'Vk'iid ^atp 1^ v oaipi aa» ik 
nnann nrjWMn -who nins t& inn azv ik oy bv ibtm 
D'mnv ny»a na d^ik . thk ay ^ ira nji» tm oy b» 
1 o"oicn o^fjK'iiDn an^atea nto ni a'^a: a'aaern a^aym 
hy ma'pnan nvipunn nnann ^a^ v> noiry nyv nniKa 



,0'3bim b'ks Trri rrr Sa to □"men nurwn„ 
r nt- fiM m D'jpna ik irxtoo ,D'viid on ; afozvn b'xvu 
npiT np nnK ntraiSn , jttdej ( nto nnxtp cmm* d'Tkiksi 
IWffita nbnfflm n'jnap o ,, n- ,l jtoi n'D'JB ni^aron to mix 
to 1 ^an Doon . Trvn to crwmtsn nurwn "73 nit ran 
-ivu nA nan jeuo .'fjttrranritnkwn Kin n^itn nuroia 
ri:vD3nn mKc:n , mas: T^an rmwn — ••to'viDn bsvn dj 
*pn»D ps6n nipvaKa .mam 'B"k to to o-emtFon 
nipBETi ntn jawa p^y p'EiPon , ^an nurwn "irixa Tn*n 
mm in* "?a .'au p'Spb np«a nvi^n v6ai nva , Bp , aiK 
,n'oiBn inronbi inaiu^ ntn ^an isixa »on»o imwb 
inr ik nine ran ivwn nn tipjd i:.iko tiki nnx to 
-]K Kb d'jb ^(t a"ii> o'xvd: i:roi* .o^a-ian vn norma 
dj bk ^ , mo^i -trjn&nb «nut ir-oan , wim P3&n oy 
ntt ude^i mnipna naS^ linno x'n b: nzm-in , mann op 
i]n«a mn paon no np-6 o'a'ino unw nr yea ; rrnii-ja 
nxu kS ik ^313 kS eki ,un«a b'Bhvi uman 'tP'x nci 
St is p3»n nwn bt* irnibipa wti irmaertD nn p_a3 
Pirn 1 ? i:k onvip ik , mann wk to an'm^psi Dnwnamt) 
. (• vbvxa 
mm rpmann waan -[ina a'jipb xa -nm in b\ 
anpa matron nipiapn nnwn ^k tonerA maio mm 
,DHTrn *t ^p ruwinai twna rmtun ,mann .mann 
DispnP Q'D-a,, .Tn'i Tn 1 to to ixa^-u roa rmontoia 
nxnw- "ijjspaj.io naiK — Bnto niT>n nsipna b'kxs; 
nnan mirr , nropn 'D' 1 ? ottjb D'Dynw a'ca ; nrnan ns 
.Tirnto nuvojn too'toifl D'amcan nwwn ."aixn ns 
jiiwii matpna ^ap 1 ? niaiip o-aps^ dikh tk D-rrnaa zn 
orai piaa ,( ?i ,anap a'aca ij*k ik bdik pan u*n kvw 



j Problems of Life and miud: TLo Sluilj of Puyclwlojie (' 



repnn rr^an minn pi n'rxn cp^nn pa -i»pi err owl 
Km *oti nao nan ,i:m'pn tu rrin wan pspn Sa n* 
rivoien nirann ^a •on' n« npeoo moa py una nbv no 
/r ji^mon mron Sy nniaj iny nap»n . 16 11 minn ^b 
pSn 1 ?! jfcpS UT3 nSy* -iwto ,m pi 1A riaia n^yor 
.u-'JbSip pyn !w nionnon frfwn •« n« "jno jbik; 
r *3BWi ya»n "?y mmaio niywn t "?y nSyie nruww 
-xb moa rmiyaBn n« ny'fltwa hti San , 'iDiani 'Sa»n 
rtiiw nimo mysra it naoo . D'w D'DiTanrn ^ nit? 
r»yi — D"mann irnrr'ittn b* trmranaw) ni^nona 
nuw wpijno^ cvronn poi'jaiKn nvnenn ian -atano 
. ifnraiDrn ^atm , 'JflUn jyata 1*0 nniyis n»K niSran 
p»mannrminennn^wnoS»ri minn 'a ,d':-ds«: una»*p , iA 

I6vxion nnaiy 'ja n« 'jno noa noni "wani iinsn 
.n-tpyt 



;w pis 

»^K*non bam 



d'sitm mann ba n^noioni B^awi nniD'n nifiiBsn 
; *^an yum n« , *Wan twin n« ftt^td duw o'jaiMa 
Jimmi "nyi , "Wan nxm n« , Viprrnjn n* , noien e>inn n*t 
o^a 1 ? Kiip 1 ? 'jia' jw-yion *it»« ,nna nova n"^a D"jnn 
rKvvn ruwin rwxwn , * !? mil d n !> a » n dm rjn> 
norm 1 mm ^a»n ninnsnn rn nvnann nnwrmno 
,'mann ^a»n ninnsnn kti hjod n'JtPn 
^arn ^» Tmn je>i&i ntt tea i»n , \mrm tbidh 
jffrnaai pa pvna ^aanb ^awn lew , emfy win , Tfjarfl 
:n^xn D"ma tpinn jcim nine n« mnv 



.fl*Jl^l« 



I 



. raoaa "parfc mm ten n»« , o-jrL-isni a*jpii *isan n« rA 
■St? a i< ?™ ovaia 1 : o-pn mas™ uvtnr iM iro*a 
o'Vffieni D*Jjm isao nsvo jnw D"»n norm nrnpo 
iky'i cs^dS ray <* 1802 nj» i»03 . rhm viwj rrrtro 
o'c^k worn 0721x3 nina «fj ipvpr—pa pa cjn 
~n roan ibdo nstra . o'jr»iB nyzw dvw fwo jatf 
niKD ten # jr^e win .-•a!? 1 .' ^a -sea urni , 'co-pir 
0".»y fpa rna'ana , nwo Bbw *pjt ■wp rwan 
, nixo t?W , t)S« , tP'K i»j; o'Jtri rms vw ,*|^x npom 
, q'sSk niiaip^ o;na cans n:nj ; a-ifr nyaixi D"it?y 
mop vn bnpn neipa natei /imams a-imxi mm e-Sb 
Tya» nonen 'naa in« , e?sj a'a^i O'yaiKi n^te •>:» i;ra 
b6» # D'£7K n»orV? f]oa ma'en nay? nwn rmwa ;ru 
.("0":j nyaoi o-rSt? ,nwo 



•pna 1 * nnea irr: jnu aiwn mp^ns iwio ipno 
iTJiSvvmn mb«» owa can 'sa mmpn .myspanivhiwa 
Dnepr© TX'3 : ntown 'jsa iaiaa o'ai onoiSo . n ' v y n 
pirun oy DTDrn $>"»sn , pyjsn , nnyn ,0^,1 npno 
-won jo D'ssv vn a'-Ji^vxian onaiom , nwyrt .TjiSririon 
p'rn 1 ; (B'pSn 'Jts6 oipno pay nw op^n "y ,S\nn *eb,mn 
, n'tt-yo .tjiVpiad^ ivjvp nvi^'yioS w , <»po pM>i 'ji*y 
vj3 hib" nnvi «"j nwn nSunnn '3 ,aysn 'a:« rrnro 
prpnn in: nnn a*D»n nwinna D'inK nuivn . aSiyo 
yea , nana ini' maa D"trj?o rrcrk B^ia 1 /vynon 
•nna San , onay nanp vn' nyjja a'na o«oim u»nr , 
punne ausnn on , ipno^i niSanotf? ^aa pniDon , nuvrn 
WM utom DKi .niinn 'p^na o^n an anwan .onwa 

.'"jIH'Cn D1H*nO E'Blp^ O'lBWSn {' 

() ComiBiasioaeri of Cbsrity and ■?!? vu:n )uvnnr]nn 
.C01 




cxi-ini n'X" ,0'ptn invn O'ti-xn j-nanar? m'Jix'pn 
nUDD rm&ni jD'Ssjji o , V J1 P° , o'tybn inrn o*e"*< 
xinr -\M)b nmtra wa ns'x , D-E'^n , 'nan ■?« nvyao 
wi , o'ja "ur6i o*na onS d» nt»^ (n*Tarro«mt) wmnw 

OV *itp *?3N ;rm:y 'inw D'ours , 0'"iE" o'e**K D3n 
D'ynj -inrn nniD'na can mp*n *?k idjdj n*?t<n o'lMKr 
, n'Kam d**j*?is □•[?;« , tnnn 'jp«icitn nirn "jc o'mnffi 
. norar- b& rnaiTon nvnna moiyn , ninre m'jsDS 171 "up* 
on ,umn nirwa D-visjn , n'ja'jn a-'jxapno aw 
-nny -|ina iS'eK rfrwon ,rufn rtpfnjjon nAsorr 'tV 

B1YJT T£BW B>S3 'IS! D*ff»H , 0*0 J p'WiK ^B nil*! D* - !*.'*! 
0*3T J"tlD*pQ3 DTSIPB OH . BTBTfil B*few D'p** 1 D'PW *?» 

Ttny inco »mann "n -j^no by niy*in onvnyEB/n nK 
onaono at? , nniK Jiffl^ BStron t tam Kfc» 01,703 ,o*Jipn 
pww on . nVaao •n t, a rrnratti retmt "n 1 ; nWi tprae 
, n*o*pBa . tjnuya npy 1 ? o'scwini vomfy Kintw sion dk 
d'ipjs D'iznno ce* ,in''3 0*0 3*1 a^pSipon rrwRnTBDW 
jtpbj "hpz ,bw 'pite onya oj* ovravn dtiw ,n'au 
.nv«rr:oTix inn* o-ixr on .nMim o-yitw •amit ,nvona 
o ,l "vu D-noty *?y D'oys 1- mamnon rwno^-rmriDj nismrpo 
msnn 'riN *T3 rrtjp ntpxa .o'a-i o , s , "D t, i CB'yoS nisynoom 
n^coo rw nanp ^k b-d'mo on rnann **■? i3:nn*- rA« 
■than ,1 J3 o\nim onourn rail o'ositrn ntt o'bhjb , injur 
■0*P3"H Sy Tejf*j 133*- n« yap -i*j>k ^3 n» 
ruion irry -ijj 1 ? rwvo n^uits o-jyn-pn nnip 
oy noxrina p«a nniByonni nv:yn niannno nrjyt 
mai: mixa Tiri wwwn , rnrmun nuomn mat nnajnr 
ii'mann na - onn msi*oa . nnwyim , 'ooyn -iB-iyn is n« 
una 1 ? r^ia 1 man bs '3 ,npaoo moa in-avii run ia: 



Annual Seport of the Secretary of Stntc (in Statistics of (' 
,1883 .Crime in l!ic Snte of Kow- 



rtoa»D3 tcxar ipki --oib dIjxk n^pra pan-man 

trama b™ h'tmh D'tr-wi . nwiVw *» nm mam nte nrr 
cr6nb onaao on 'a , m^iryiDn nnai ibm O'eano orw 
n» D'lmp d:*« on i mam "n ba i;i nan T3i ^a 
onviraj m-wai onwioo ruara up 1 ? on!? mvfy mam 
Bpsv6 en onaao 'a , mann <i:»x bz lBjn ntrxa , nvmen 
'To D^aio en tok ,nuial»jm rajnn ba ipa dt wjfl 
naVn iy o'pinn eyaa cawun o'ckh aipa . onnn 
,mann *yu6 rnv6 inntw t6 iiy ntwt D'aT b» cypisn 
itrax iijnm ,nten bt? 'noun pica ^"bmnmuK onwirt 
.nnx*yio'BJxn np'rtanB on:x mrmr 
(O'yiapi Bono o^jsn hdjish nmpoB> ope baa 
, men p mv nana 'mann -itriyntp oipa bzz : .main ruti 
nipbnob nvrb o'amnoi D'yanam cii-apn 'oiao o-utpsno 
.awn a-ipa /ii^to 
oaipa w . (i dthpib onan a" cm-nya nnana oj 
nvpo o'03"isnai vmpooa "nyn nrw caSinn ."o'jxap; oi 
-•^ya nnana bait .anas cpinn wxa' -ib>k .nuiton 
m-onaa .o^xap b» naSs> npbno swab "iipen 'R o'Trn 
or« bbzz D'tppn D«nn-»wni o'VBwan mnton 'a ,oiKn 
-icDK 't* p loa ; o'ai B"jy ViaoS nbz*n nw onS o'jnw 
»a , mnvo cyans np^na dj cwr^ya nnana mvo^ 
•nmtn ^a iiK pnpo cu 1 : in rrar6 nunu rrtwn nnann 
r .a'yiPian droits 

caian niaipaa n'jnna nvnann niBp^nnna» jawa ia 
cj ^yien b& ntufv nt jawa , ann 1 a"yaa nuuea a-anan 
^nwia nmpa att vr& maipea tmrapni D'jHwen roopVin 
,— c^i'in ania— ^ia:n ^« a-aicDn niaipan,, . e'-in' d^jiok^b 
^p-TDia'ia nuvun ffwm me'ipsn nno^ ,naN3 
fltibBon *nv , onion caann niffipunn nicipo , ~- 



SMt 



,19— 21 'op ,,|Criininologr<i , Mac- Donald 



I , QTllJaaV 



wjn rut m22 , pBJ3"*i5 Kip' n 1 ? t»« , navy np6n$ 
. (i nwwn mann anpa D"y3on n'byrr-'M dm , laa-ix ■?» 
■ fix , nan-wit? ntyysn <»:« nx napan , nmn nphnon ^3 
die* Sain xb , D'Dsnn a^pnan nx , (D'enoirfl) D"iNn-'3niK 
ITVBj , jTDipion ik rra-nia r6 wi , msr6i ffprvA m: 
.rfti 1 
coin D , ff , KnQ mama n'W^n npbnan 
IflphmvarwH) rwvun nxS onvnjrai Drrnwaru 
O'&jsn . rvphn mnnsnn cfrstt nnnsro pan man . nwrpjl 
Disc nn 1 : o'xn orm a'nnx h'd mry c'lapa arx n^xn 
pn naann 1 ? on 1 ? im'SP , Bin V.-U -inrn dwi . onniA rrttjf 
w rvwn npSnan irn nsi , naSa d"Otbti dtpt6 
whs ,n33ioo ix ma" yna ,dxit rueow npVnsn ,m3na 
avoa naipa nxfinn npnen kvi nw ; nvmitn nip^nen 
D'ttom bz nm niaiian nvSx'xian nnan ^a nx 'Snnn 
, Hrawpn mp^nan pa t,itu moiy H"n . a^KTian dwbhi 
cnaa ntetn or^xinn D«nn 'ait n^y una 1 nt?x ny 
, ro i» nt n^ Taai 
r «o*jS3pHi fftP'itn nx napa n^yiDna^n np6non 
nbp'jpn: n*?xn a'Pixn bxx . onnx nu-tjo D^nanen 
^y dw on ♦nwwmn nvvuran nx naxni pan-man 
cavy^ Tan a-x-iipi , n^x'vian np'rnan mna nx o.t:s 
onon on Vyisai nana "jax .-maun bi\ir\ raaip oca 
nvnS pn D'vn an , n'bx'xia-'n^an np6non nna nx its 
m:iE» nmxa D-atwun Q'ip;xn aipa ,a:ox .onnx teyo 
rmaip nann Ton a'xi-sj B':x3pn npbnD !?y a'pinn ayat 
omx an-? -wax 'x nv:nnn Dn'nuian -e^ *wh , a^nsx 
.n^x'xianacsn npbnan bx 
cyipien n'B-'xn wsem ti^mnD'tMSn npfmon^y 
, fcnnn 'a by ix mni'D rvyaa n-c; 'a by rice 1 ; c: 



lanaw ,nKin np^nan nrateS ncnpian .n-BCODD nam 

,ontnnn ,imyn , D'aiam'Tya 1 ? yaua ansae b'kxio 
tryaicen , D'Binnn , o^em-D^inn , omawn , d'dSjch 
. njnS-otajr tnaitoni 
prnuiana nniyna hipk nMaan , o^inapn-mp^no 
.rvyaon rwrni nniD' 'flni^ nrnn nitnaa ,nrmam 
niyearn nrtven .nnaxnnn top rvaunn nyewn^ nnim 
jiinss bto* mnro a'aainan mann 'a"* 'jy niuernS 
n«'3D K'n a-ai a"W myxoma ,smr*rfa nui-iiraai 
. D"S(cxiDn ornn -Kan ^k na^>5? nitron "A ana ottoc 
nun irtann bx D'ajaa o'lap nx<3a x*n naap w mea 
•prwi ty p'yon mann n»d .troiTanawi ■«» Saa aa 
nnHi t^io D'vnann pi'rawi lanrpp rnaa irm *ini' 
ca'BD o'aStPm a'pinn D'ciranrwi.ntn an-a -pyn niai 
n»mn n^ann ^« majaai niptn n-nnrrni^iyea oixd i*Vy 
nvnnsn n*BiT3na*itn» iiya , inn -ini' mann ^k o ng pnoi 
ciryai nutn nor6oa iaya p»innb a^ia' or* D^trnam 
jaio . manm a'a'iR 1 ? a'acna dj ik man "m n^Jioo— nSa 
"nip^nD nnrnn by *h B'ywo rhxn ahvinn 'a , rb»a 
. a-vupn-nip^na by aa on 'a ,naba dwki 
( n^tMnon np'nan : mx p nvnann o i mapn-mp'?nD 
npSnani rrtorxiD-naosn nptonon , n^x'yiD-'.man npbrtnn 
,D-2"«n anuto mama rvtonrian np^non . n^R'xiD'oaKTi 
onvwn naw , nmaa namaa arts nnnsna van man -wk 
D'Dn'n nam 1 ? n-avn rroa? -iiay^ 1 cniK a^niyo nrpnurwsi 
■D'orva pbn nnj& flScni •yrarw |swa .o'^ytan o'vnann 
rUD^iyrys B'tsaxn »T3 jnian ";aN an c'evn a'pnn a'vnann 
ntrs ^3 rwi tP'K ^3 nw an-a by -rami |ina^ "B-av^yn 
fiw Jixn ntt aa a*aunn nin ;dim ,anay -lannn 1 ? o'xm 
jtownon men nato by E-s:n nm niran n» anpnf? n^a-n 
miiann rtt Tan 1 ? isism jn'B Sy iffs , maia jma ' 
wiik ,nRi 'fl 1 ? ,rn ir^'sien npbnen .nvnaxn nvm: 



.DJi'iti .n -r 



'*on o"mann o'jnon bv mpm -na nnn mesa nvre 
. laSa nuwitin mpSnen m pn mpin rwiSwon . o"' 
*yv mows invn nnir'n mwinn p 0"nrrmpSnD 
jwva D'3i»n nniDvi nisnaxno nr6ii p .nnjwim 
tpk , mon-mp . owitsh^k bz bv o w ai wnai nrsn 
TBCOon' Kin ,npSna Sa b& o"nn na nn amio un;x 13 
. nanpa ovim D'tr'tn -isocS npSnon aipa mViJn D'tP'Ri' 
^r Si-u ibdo d'kxio una* ai D"n-na nSpa npSnc aipa 
npSnen ma™ wot bts nnana . D'no St? jap *mih*i o'tSu 
npSno aipa .onsan 'atw* nmttn naipo nam n»x-o rwn 

-1BDD1 D'lSlJ Stf JBp 1SDD D'KVIO WIM »3U»3 D'TTTID nSp3 

on nun npSnon bv ru*aa am wjd an . dto Sp pp 
aB*Va diumtb iw a'Ksion D'TD(»n naitSa m fr y si tnmcri 
nfloa op O'Cjaj uruK D'Tin-nipSnoo naiaa -inrn rtpSnoa 
iiepo nmn npSnerr.o'no S» oiyp isddi d-hSu Sw St 
.(innpa *wn crap inrn D-'Tatwi O'Spian m* 
by D"nrrnipSrmS non jawa nimai owitrrropSno 
, o*rovin D"Bisn tmmom n*paan nvtrn nisiasn <v 
npSno : rim p oTPwrnipSnoD mint* . nnjsnnna d'pdwiwi 
nuntran 'Spa npSno , otiydh nunipan ^yai ostein d'^'kh 
-lpnoa jwtnn Tjwn . caion nurwan 'Spa npSno , c^iran 
cv^s ,N p nap: nSxn nipSnono niiiaravi np frn p n <WB 
, D-aonflD mns d'tik roan *njn (■ imaniS ,v .site , (* iiaSj 
gftweni ninawon niyrn uSss maps -up nn crm ip Sal 
rvuntpan Spa e»ftn ,n*awam omiton nunnon »Spa^ Jttu 
c:» -jtPDa vri D'cann tj? ns iirpa vStt he'd cmnsr 
nD'»T Saa .np'ttD'aann S» a'ann rn^nrrj'flft 



*ti .»W* drei HevcilkeronESstiifcnn 



"W V1EE3 "J.' C 
, jSfrt U1E02 1311' IW Ml ["Up 
„JSatural inicrtLiaiicui' C31 ..Kruiiitary yenius" 
.Tlie Wat or gcniUi 



. *aiS i »»iDr» 



■ yt vh mam wk vrv» , cm . vnann rwi bv *iin fi 

. "wa;v» ,»rn ,nnin a'amx dk 'a ,rn:SaDn n« o*Sai 

lS non »'KtP jia'ja rnanpnnna pn win nm yiae6 »* 

,T^K 3npj 

.onrmn nK -itpb nptn n'oj nyi3B ■'Smnon yaoa 
. any iippnn^i onntt ^p onyxa « 
mp^nno mamma nwvn nrairvn rinonn nitwmn 
maon ibibv vhv th .mam wx pa m»-«^ i 
^3 rn'P Kin y:^:n ]0 f DTrpn ^pi nnann ^p niSyn 
Dn'nuno origins tyo nb nt a'ltp o"nn 'ja D'D:3:n an 
-wn an 1 ? urea* chz '3 ik , n'p3B n»iT lira ana D-yiai 
tryau rrmann rrvnan hv o'DStnan . nw maa a'aita : 
rrr» , ja a: rnrsx 'k nn jswa , npn r6«n B^nann iipt 
♦rmciam n'tewn melwiwnnc to maa a'papis □'aiTa , n: , M 
pnaian |B'Dn Kin tr'naiani o^aaffr , dmbuti ninaa jrievr 
. 'man sf ^a ! 
niorvno awn mpSna .nip^nob pSnnoi "nana aw *ja 
,D wnn~nip^na ,n ,, nn-nip < ?nD jd , jiip. , o ik D-niD' b'jid n 
, rumen loa , D'jian tnb» ^aa nipSncn .mnaprrrr^T 
ninnsm mirain — ,ni'3» p , nunznnn ik nvaiiipi 
cpaa Dpea a'aanya D'nai^ani aneion , *ikd nmaa ry^nc 
fvuwmn mpVian n« nvBa'aaan an'niTpna 'from on'T 
npiSn |ja '3 , ^nan ^an ^n a 1 ? id 1 !?' «» 'jbo , nravn i 
nwyrfc nans , D'vnVin norm hph a'pfpna ura«» , npv 
naa a^nann , ^pisa nunnn ni^tpWn *no '•sb np 
/miana ,D«^3»n nwrwaa f nbtvrvsnrm jnaa ,d"pb 
, nvuKnnn n^yniw jna wqj ^S'Sian yaaai nun: 
nn»nnn *r ^p ixna: th vfapoai 'mann asea wb 
trViann . rrman rp» ninnann niyxaxa , n a 3 i c e 
. ni-UHnnna nxvvn npmio inv nip miir\ on TE*?n rna^flW 
D'iv^y -mm mai'mn nn o'Jooai a-rvo n'run n-^na; 
i npbna .n'puxn niDipnnn S» d^m^go nnv 



*rawm tfsw nrn yizn 'Syaa nnxi m« bstr ny , nana na 
axa*? m» , mnsA , rrn 1 ipx B"na avo ^ pia^t vmna ^sa 
wvwv -id Sy «ynr6 ffirm . mariai? rraran nmvnn 'Sya 
ijfw ivx ,niViy2n nx ViyaS npnon wmwn jDnnie 
miy»te nra , *mann owrranawi T.na no 1 ? D'pm , dtw 
^rx d»ki*i UM9 momm numm rmwa iyxa nnx tjm 1 ? 
nx nVaja nin oira nrpwrn pann nimoxn .D'E-jun an 
onain moa nx : mom nst , (etandart of Living) wim ma, 
. oma-xi , nyn 1 nya onxn 'anx nf>fior6 o'Xinjn , o^yion 
jvrwi nimpnnn nyai: uod n»« , "upon wn nwn nwi&xnfl 
, a-isa nnonm Wsja 
«vi '^K'viDn yacn nx wa nrxan n'TDion man 
"•c 1 ? , aiyna i:m vnann nwrnwitn . nu^aon mo 
Bruin naap nnx pi . man ion^ ipx Bvpn nontea ,tjti 
-"c by DrrpyD nxi orrm'jiye nx nwjrt" 'jiya'j marei 'tr'x 
j$WpPn ab'iK imtxn:i lo^ana naat? nnx pi , nu^aon mo 
mo 'a ,Tirb wux o^ia 1 tx pi— ,D'yiT cayoi myiT 
, ttrm . cni i:x n^ye* mann yiph noxa nn'n nwfjaDn 
, nxin naxn nx Da 1 ? bn id i 8H n^nn mann 'jmr rvw 
cm -inva o-c^nri nx rrotpn inva o-prnn ons»xn» nnx 'a 
jv^an nioaipnnn nnn w an^yaa *J3D nnn iSea ooxya 
in 1 pa nvuwin rrwyi , 'Jiran nan ^ya a'aiTanrxn •?» 
oyo Ton nan 1 ? ,nyaa nw naa owinon , D'oiTanrxn 
*wa n^axa g*p nx mnn ia»D , p , um . cm 1 ? ^yio vAai 
, a'-nann D'yxaxni nuiion nnixa parent no^rn en^ a'ann 
tra^an DHU'jn , noW man -a-ix 1 ? p'aom rfro' omoa itrx 
ctapan o'bnano p ns xbx nioo o'a^in orK mann ^» 
jioxn nx ; train w nisp^nni D'aynna rtvn bv mape-nm 
•wx (O^mann D^poyn onm^ Tain 1 ? aifji'xiDn Sia-* nxin 
rxsn^ ^ai 'jsd a^ iwtr «*3i nvmjxn ^a "n nx jpn^ iex»* 
nca -ny ^ap^> nam n-'cuxn n"orm . vnia'xip^i onsn ^t? 
nra bit„ nubaon mo innn» naa ,onn« o^uff nosi 






warn unman (porra'Trun by rhym nvuxnnn 
rrruKaino o^yetfio trnoiom o'^arn o"nn . ayaas Q^ur 
C"urn rriyxotta . rrjnan na'aon witd bteipid enpo -mi* 
can carci o'axymnaiye by aonin nt* D-yaaan attun 
.f\vn p3 by Da nruKnnn nbyie ,o'tii 
frann ,rWann ,natppnn pica ^"baa-n nunmn 
mn . (» nninnnn *T by Twa owiBno , mwonm n»eian 
ruptnon menn rnn31.11 nvm ntn aipaa tranb "iniob o'swrr 
riTnaian nwann n« 1x13 mann v n 'a , nnjnn nvnon m 
, pa Kvvai abn j'oin (B-ornn wn ,ii33n nann pro 
, {« iDJSDi (» D'xvS <*y nwvnn nionso -rain -133 ntn iaTn 
"ifiono ."rnnDian nwrmn nrwi B naoa raa oik -"y "wras 
jfinta, : nbrtn anntcn D'tain .-« ayan a'npib uraic ntn 
Drr/naba imnb ivn p cwianan o-irxn ns tumd yascw 
trioiy aavya an vn lb-iea , byisn anun iaba vj-itw no 
cj -wan. Kin jaia wito 1a , n»iy mntp no o'enyi loipoa 
ctP'Kn D'tP'jnotp no nyiT moa train 1 ; byisn trxn n* 
br nbbn nryaan nie'ntrn 'nc by .va'aoovbit ransnon 
rw panb — byien b»i , byian t?s: hr panb — cwiarwi 
xrno b» nib™ niaiya vw nioaana swanan p£j 
inio'yji mbp ,niyyioo "nvcian, nna nta naya ,nnoio> 
nna — mnyji nibya /m , e>i;Ro nbyob„ nna nto nayai 

EpiWiranrm o'yaan m nnwnnn n.'pna ntn ]2i::a 

,' b x ' xi a n y a a n rw nx-na K^n .mann "nb anw nrmffl 

nx npnai vj*y ntnae byeno 'rawn 'TM'sion yam 

ba moa O'ncnn a"nb paun baa mix ca^pon orm 

Bpencer, „The ; Problems of Lite and Mind" , Lewes (* 
, Baldwin ; nr'SiP pie , VIII pSn ( 11 -ps principle of Paiclsologie" 
„Meutal Developpeinents in the Child and the Race". 
. 18 'BJJ ,op. cit. , Ral.lwin (* 
op. cit. , Spencer. ( 



Tjn ,aimn -|ina npjn Vy\rv tpx ,on 'Jicnn Winona 
; n^yrr^a S» ppnn-'sp:a irrp nx a^'mon ni^innn 
Tjn TiO"5in-3niN„ irJsS uv -ipn ^-in nrna.-io,niinDn 
mpattnnno .ni-innnrvpipyp : rhran .*n»iwrt 
onviirw nK -pyrrj T3P3 d'p:* ^p ipawf -\vk , nawen 
-lyipytp ;0'on ':s "jy mSpn nu'ean niinnn *iyi meun 
D'ann; na'Snn ij?i nmren "npSpiao,no .nnsnonn 
—((.□"c^y D-y>pyp dh r6n ^a — Dmnmmniwmo bn by 
D'jip rVwn o'pipppnp Vnjn -pyn nn n-iana Trt ipex 
•eS .crnronn mpnn ninnsnn by amvyavn yy zrh 
papn may nn isa^ n^ia* on , np-in ik naian onran 
rnj-i' nrwiaa nia: crtipa .wnpirji l'jp'rp'? it* ttbb h 
3VD3 iiy ni<y3: nvrain now D-:ata , D*ronn DTOta 
cyipypn ,nmn o'p:h np'jno aip3 n&nnc in nnnnnn 
pfflmafiranjronnrom nrmnrra maiaa: ^pis-nafjrn 
mo^» d'Jdw thmw -ny irawtnn DTfjrnD a-cya,, . man 
BS W iw 'j laann bra "invn mi 'jan ,mran nwnBii 
onap owi . nibinon , n'npan , o'Dian nmo isa , tr;i» 
(lyno flrnp iyan ik ( 07i»fln rw ican ix ,p-n n« W| 
rawwn hoop 'a* 1 ? vn t TpiBn n« "fan w ,rra ua in 
•fjnp n'an-^ya ; a'aoa caiDDn moipan »apr las*) mowi 
' nnioia nrnapn nnxa isnnp'p vb* orwrA rap Syk 
ric n« a'P' *b Dnap dj "mm p'sn r>sxp , naaio rrn 
tjnnpn 1 ? nrn mpoa win lroin (6p P'nn , naiyS , opn 
nnyn-apr . niaaa nyjs 1 ? lain rw apn rrSion miaya 
dpmi ,0'aiDoi D^nj a^ipaoa nnvy ba ior6a rrtwri 
D'-innn o"nn Siy nw yn» {ci 1 ? pnth Ton nppmpn 
Ton D*3 , 3nn , d^ips nTipyp 1 ? nnnn rnyp ^aa laann^i 
.(i^paoi aipo ,Kn3 oy to l>y 



j!7fl'op , '«TB >,TL« Wioning of thaWest" , Boom welt (■ 



r 



Si .n'jiSi'mon'iiB* 

vn on .D-iKnS nai nSyin n^ttn •erwsn.n «**an nn 

,1133^1 3*ip3 O'^N'SIO nirjn OJ ]BW3 BTTSOn flffS 

,010 

o'-niyan D'lcnn -ikipi o^inn D'pcan , mnt< *njn nut 
, mow nw vnvi miyoa n'aaisn miyon mnnan.-6 i^jm 
^3 bxn .n'JibKTB maiy -pna .T^nno TOipni^B^nrti 
nwpmu iron»r6 jnrn , rwno's-DDiJo ik 'sie oan oatf 
mipon jhjb wsna .onnttn a-n-iiyan DnDroi e-shti. 
Vyioi , cTtnn □"bunion cyivysn "inn Tina n'affljj 
.D'vmnn n-ivpn mpinnn 1 ? nan 
"men nniyDn,niianonn _, y:tri;t=> f ;r6inBn ,0'pnipan 
can^ cr^jfji ntS nt B'Sibvo ,maa^ rrn»m nn 
"nnatpn-nyic,, .nisian o-ny^ o-wn d'tiidd tmsnoi 
aenbnra mann nna^nn by nipm nipscn a*y*Be>D nbio 
jn .B'losn "n mjpja B'ai d'-iu'J bv nSysn-na mc 
irn □"^BD-iNn D'jnsn 'cat? &k ami nvw , "niar*! 
nrn*n 'twi mpinnn 1 ; naa: invn 'yvaKn ,paa '^3 ,c6w 
-nip-ni;iaip„r£ yaiaa ivra E'p-nv o'lain .aavi civ n 
ona 1 . !wa nni* oys pi «a n\n iifk , Vrun arm , ,v ii3 
n'pimni a'anpn maipann D'Eoxna i\i jnn yeji onn* 

. Dni3*131 BVIK ,D ,( ?yie> ,VfS1 DHDV D'KPU , D'JIffll , O'Jltfl 

D-tnm a-sown ^3 rn mi 'jtxioai ,ra" yia»a "px Ml 
niro nD'£« 19 ynx nvic ,^inoa win nnixa riTn *iiiA 
a'Jnuvn , n:t?n "[iraa ay nt icn^iP , D'aaspn . a'^nnat 
. (1 ntrin mTT n-na nn bvun Jnn ^o's nrafc 
o'Dauan B'ayn bs> o^mann aywyzmv nyra na 
T by nirna^o^Ducni d-mhsh a'ayn ■ , yi»y»B dtbtb 
pa p« novy nyt? nnisa , onas? mn\-i nipini n'-mn-nn 
, nib man .npyn axrk yam ^isn ^a n!?H^ frtit 



.*3— 89 ""op ,'x T13 , „The Aaittalian Eaoe" , Curr (< 
6 



"ckvio pu nn r r nyffi -\vr pircar>* 'k^b bx* .u-ujar 
worn m niir nvrrna lA nmpn ,ru':j?a no:n um« 
tirn wS D'lwn nwiwra fbbz . nawm p'Wi flp yj^pian 
mSaa .mi !>ru "m iinn ':b -it?t* Inrmo ms?ij?i , p*n nsip S> 
nnijn 112 n»tt Sin *?p triwn Sa niawv , nan nmairn 
e«DJn nK oSpi J? 1 ? ,- iaia Drrnjon , on'tpa jSip ns rvurmi 
■«ks onain , ]natt» dudd a*wir\ ns en:S ana ns nioA 
ton Sp S3 on dj B'jJiaoi ~a,i iai ^50 mp ^n* P'K 
d'nhd pn»oa o'snnipan n'tPJNn tbdd . o'tPin hi *ijj toiJ 
rtjf i»oa nrv hitwd niSnpan tip .o^an %» ro Sk 
Kwai trpin mum Sp man inn Ssjno dkhb -npiT 
tjtSk a'trnS niSnriBo own, . Tn npina nnn iwk nanpa 
fa . Ssjnan t by anny mam , jmin naa nv(in nx 
na nwimwsn Sa (6 -ijpk , n»p n'SSa nanSa fTWgpp 
.(»DEi:a d-'dSc 1U199 D'Kir 
ItPK , nHlC '38» DWKU D1NH ^P B^TUm D-yitPPM 

fepa lywjwi hwoS ,\b pith '■sS ,-ib>sx '« 002:11 nx 
rraipai nany nnx Sp -tn-u ,fmnnrm nrat -D'aiain Q"nn 

.(nwHCb, pacin,, fl U | {t O !} na»m , .TIP IP ^1-T D7 WJM 
j O'sSpfl . DSlpn 'Dp *?3 Si'X O-JltPySa WIT! IID'S risque) 

tebtt 'e&h aSa piop nijnsa mptn mwnS vn tiyi nta'Snn 
. nwrwn Saa ne»flm Dmiyon enann nanx . tnx ':a 
Bnonai d'B'ti fimpwoa trtfonwa dth» D-ixn "Bar 
pywyvni pnaw mxvin , c« laooa "i«a a-upo nnns omiyo 
fe^iKin nss nir-.n nietMi dSin , "i«a ma'Vpo D'jaicon 
«n nmnenn Sb m:iB'.sin nunan bs *a , nnv-A 'pen 

1894 rar WW 1 ,Ul*pa , Geographical Journal , Tyer (' 

. 479 TlOJf 
W , XXII T13, Jonroal of the Antlirop. inst. , Tetrfaff {* 

.485 TldV ,1833 D3B 

„La Sociologie d'aprea wiiu^ yivn ji^-jidh S* IW >v < a 

t'S'anpiB ,pp»nffln rathnogr." 







.TpJiSvinon • 



I 



nnrfrt •vxb inva Bviaitpan arrnwrtaB &y\ mxAi 
-naay nnam npnewa -ipn maTpmata nnan rw 
.(■•msa w$bt<n nimioi Visa romrtaia -upn anm 
D'bmn m-fan 'pnipp riyra a-nntna oittn ■?:« di i 
B-pyja^arn -jpona .nvnann manm iraeD-an ,D"mam 
, Bnaam mreattn in»6 e'-niDon wwyvm oyapn o'jnn 
.nvrnann rroonn rtaxmb afoyvst 
d'kyoj niamaan nnana o'ln-rn B'pnE-oni otibthmi 
. o'wian 'oar ^ki nvno^-D'cauan o-oyn *?yk bj D3*n 
rhm o*pnran— a^iaan man , mann ^k rnrn , nipannnn 
-O'DBuen o-oyn . a^ij?a» nrmain nnann ^aa D*jvt» 
jt:bij mmt orppntpea a-ays 1 ; b^jb o"msn 'Bawl nvnB"? 
onyin .n^enS ny nmaj ru-naa ninmsa n^atr? nienm 
mrp Sn nrintt ni:ap a':ait o'-iano winn nrria^nn , 'no 
«linn ^>y rrw nn« mira aarnnai ,t,tik B*ntPS-*jpD 
•yin ^x amcy aipaa riVna a';iya a'"?pa a-p-iii an ffiwsi 
^av» naa , inra jap »6i *?i-jj mS u*k a'aawn naa . crn 
n^ytA vxm a*a^ nnno vvn i*pt are3 a-aa ninip-j ■rparc 
t twmn ansa a*an 'ja ^y ike*: i*?po ispk , iy:n . anO' 
o^jn naa isinJ in an-jan n« na« annun a^pcnt? nytra 
. (i n*;an ten— , npyn *?-* 
mm -jyi nnnnnn by d?s eyaa ohdto B , pntcwi 
nin-'inn-pnE'o n« tcaj nam nean ivo' . nuwn mpattrrtr 
'»3H D^iffya , m:na 'jb> . n;iroN-paya ivn a w ~mn bv 
orrnin'tfi nx d'^ebi m naiy'? ni a'amo , inx "jaa Vn 
B'fltain , n'an 'inn rwn , nan nima wn nay b* inttn 
•rcna r"?M nwan nvrsm n« inx *?a navy nyt? nmxa 



I 



. 701 "Hop , op. c!t. , Krapotkln (» 
, XXIIT*p*> Journnl of the Antrop- lust', Sommevilli' (* 

.SD3 11&V ,i8Hnn* I 



' niinn *»« , m»in nnocb o^D^sn anvma fin ttrsvh t 
, mnratn "rovai , angsn o^rai . b"» jno iyr n"j owtnri 
,D'yipyt?m cpna-Dn 'nri orminaD n»' ruo wiring anshnt 
mwn npson oy o'yioytrn o , £nr3YD]na:p,nv3Dian rmiyo; 
■7? -nma /liaannoi onmso D*»t3 nijpaio , rrrwni nVaitr 
n'mno itwt , nvaaian nniyom wywyvm cpncDno .trtnjr 
-iririD mna wku , nan nnio riKYin mao^ nSn wnaj 1 " 
ffWi-m ninnenn 1 ? onYO D^yion , D"non o'Enn 
,D"man cwn 1 tV r .ntan mnan .nvmann ^is» o ,, i ,l ?y; 
•O'asn yaan Sy yawS nr\b •wemte ny 'in 1 ? cSm on 
nytra , n'mpio 0*0*3 n^nno vrrn •?•; Drfciyn * tmi te 
ny napon ,pinan myern ^ap^i iwin% ni'i it u-ny» 
.nniao ns wilffl 
nriana D"B>x"in ii:nn twor^ vn o'pncom ergwyvn 
jTttp i!rw iPNi nVu "i^K f fflTS»n o'tsvn . cnn-^ya 
ttroann iy ,0^0^ nn o^aa trparn Emr^yao nanm 
, poia 'n^a pintra , anyn nyi ipano 
nunnn nntt p npno«3 isk nianyn-'a^a rW3Pio„ 
naiyn '33 by o'NE-jno rwn pm» mpo ny , owtaa nnvn 
oSa ay: "m Sa ^a Syki , o-oopi d^tu nay «5j 3*20 a<3D 
nio'na myrona -h ounpn o^an oy pro nnwon , ins 
•j'jin mK 13 , ca^n intra nis jrana . inyoipo mrraa* 
naiy nnn *in« yna traton ^a o'sanno , anpi ii^n. 
caSin naiyn ';b ^y yr 'JS 1 ? vn nt?« , o"nn ^0 . "ffljtfi 
-^ya owr n;aon "iiayn ntwa . ooipn T nnn ioa o'laiKr 
v-in -1 msosno rrehsf nmBira , on'iino n>s» o*Mpn D"nn 
o'Tyvn o'a'jan .nanyn ':s ^y o*r^y o-pnco maiiyi 
Bnriijnanai omnia onssriDi rttb m o'p'xo , nta nt cyi's 
tpVnri o'aSam , nuwnrn d^jih msa by axrnra , mbpn 
can-im , i:iyo3 n; jik n: o'-ipao on . notran by o'-iciy 
n*?itn D'Ttpan '2 ,nin'aio pyo 1 ? pyea rmaiyn mrha 
o^'ivo "inrn yaon 'oan ,nn«a .nianp o'nyb cvy: 



, raw , owupn my orb con nt wj 
vyw W* . ^sB'SflJ** nt« ■"ppn in* . o'sipm B' 
nil nwnia bwi na^ps Toy?! , rrtith cans ots 
ny hw oipon *:» n»xvi la "vun ,b ,- iqip D'aru» 

.(IPSIW n*2 iy B'JICPO |3 

Km nmaj nJ-noS nan mnnsnn win O'tnan Sitk 
. ?'?3na d'kvv cons p» ^k , a^n-^ya Sy* -who w 
mtyn 103 myapa nip hvi menuon nnann 
. rami 



TTIV 



n-.Siyen en Dn— mam nuiaon , c"ipnn , KtPDi-y3on 
UjB3 ibxn ni^yena rtntfi runt Sa . nruxmn ^» nnp'sn 
Sai .mVnjn viram nwinn nwiapn nnx rt'SJO nox? 
WU Tirn pSnn n« ma 1 * nn^io nrv Vwn mSipsn 
pun tVunn warn nan win vpnn . rv^iryicn nmennna 
D^KiTa'-urNn bnmuji oy irps . B"ta^qn ff'na mnnaw^ 
nnaynSi ntotPDm D'ucon 'J'o 'ja 1 ? tid 1 una poms «in 
pwn D'jyw vVy i»« ,itbyi »rn nuSaan . menon 
mam B"ci:pxn omon -iid* hvi neniponmtyn .tawbm 
. n^non 
k'jk , nninnsnn n^an ■?« yjn^ n^ia 1 miwrmn yn 
orb Sin noiys tenp iy -|3 Sa a-nann by aannnwa 
*iȣik , rota pin o'oa mannb pi 'a . o\myn iipc'j 
W? n-ip'i no'yj -\d ba naa km nvunnntM , i« pi o^reiS 
bia 1 SSann D'ttyv d-'dis d'dibi'M na -\ne> ny , -itpi t<v 
, D«mann vm»n by la^pa nainn!? 
nuv'jipn nrvreni vnann 3313m tttia nx pan 1 ? *iaa 
nnj? ij? -iPN ,nrinx n-hiysn SanorA »m ,nvuitnnn to 
n\T , 'man f «p nrxtra . a 1 ? on^w onpinn Ejroa icp 16 
DHD^na j cinx o'sian nnn B'pna , rraw xvio fwno 



iOl ilop , op. olt. , Eomaues tl 



" 



ncr.chi \£?) orrby nvnS Qftfrtf) S*3& tajfla d'SY 
mxn Ifttil 03 riaoitran rntyn nyfiifa fi'isys 1 ? .(itraNtn " 
yrp mar6 pan ^tbdwi nine^n .nun news 
D"i , gp^'0'on o'tinn . (aim? *ja mr;'b jvamna n:ao L 
gmnrt mca joA pro D'bbxfW frSfl*T3n rrasi'^To ' 
by D'CE'is dh tra^an f-hijd . mvu ,-inx rMSrtt tx ■ 
o*mai csTm myalio JMdDifl nca *7j?3 titj no*w ' 
ffhnlaai D'jir. trtPpiei ens tot nrav te o^nj ffn* 
Vi-x mrpS'Svm a%-z urtJH ot«i& men fiMwfi . Be c 
WW Q'pS 1 ) v-i.t B'SbHnal ,S , J3**MSM1 Hl*lr71 
.pin ,-,» en 1 ? ik 3Biab D'na nu» ,-iyna nmp jre 
nmn , Manffl rtWrl ttWmWW tWpJ Qrffltn tWJpd 

. nytW&fl) nan nmnerv 
ftttflaton ^ ffaixn , ono\V ct:, : Hisitmw diwjwi 
rtnaWl nf?*jgil nw i*jsi\ Jitaw npmn ton njrn ^aa a-aaic 
nimtt'3 niatf nwp 1 ? ^nn maa , fVaw nmie , Ertfltiflwi i 
ffrwwn D'vyn f?a ^f Bisrsn new , ruap e^no mux , *| 
D'spn ^ ia(n ann» D'fii* next nya na , men naipi dwih 
.niTiiKn mo nvnttfi nit nica^ ,iym mtrn pa irxnn; 
nVuri nprrVi two n^iana "i-nfi* tafi, frnM S^pnn: 
,njni lin tM mp nUBipnfi <iro< jhJfip cna* ; 
p nnx ,71*1*1 ^k nnra o'anpn cspn St Fftfi ns t 
fflM ;nn flawing , ana? b:s oipan n« ai far my V 
flWIB HTffflo nriK a?aa npnSn "ja Bfimwi r« ,'^a pot 
. (* "ftaeih men nx O'lnw o*vji lE-aa dta* 
D'jun nvavm rtfrtm , o' wnn , ttwtfttfBbtft 
pn'ayo onniy .nwmon nvnn ':bb acny by \irh 
Kga o^njai D'wtn anfi cinui nnuon 'nmya Dnai 



. 839 110S , DB» (* 

«S9 '»y ,'» yi3 „TIie Anatralisn Knco" , Corr (■ 

. 353 1*aj[ , pp. Olt. , Kniiotkin (• 



15 .n'JlSTX'D.I'-ID' 

nit np-6 no^ ~wtt , traeiPDm -eian nfawa cp 



jienwcn mipn nntrcn ntt m-Sio m^aan nnxann 
ik mip mixa ,n-unm nyin ixa nisnn»n 'hs nSm 
^y E"« pir iew nan nx s"x wy -urn ,rmpo i 
mryn ty nj'M iTyaan mnan .-invai yiwn ny»a i 
, !)id Sa iid , n'tpyj runrwn Sc nrApirw nywoi , nanw 
montra kti "p"Ki nyt? nnwo , rrunn is»k an 1 ? ma'Jl p 
,manm nytn c 
o"nn- ,( r;a nvuna , n'c n't?Ki3 km nemson miyn 
■'^ya aip3 , oniain . rvjnii nowfl niEnntffn ,dik.i nr 
B^nrr^pa a-pa , trjiwn nnaayn 'rai ,rmBrmon i 
TaynS pvtyn? ni hk m manp d'dvs 1 ? onny , rmswi 
onis raff 1 ? ^3' Trrn ]w D'lai vkoo bn ins a- 
rma 1 ? it n« u nianp o^eya 1 ? nmiy niB^nri onaxn ■ c 
IP ^y rrnns map: a-cys 1 ? pubi' oniaian bm . (» pp f 

.□•S3 t6a 

ni^apo r6xn mowcri nisivwnn nrm: ispk f B" 
n'Tiv , d^i rib D-y-mn , (^y pa) B'^'sn . nvriDo t 
'XTBpa ie>k mm by nbuy p« "ssn mwa roprA nij 
nyn vwn ( (trwa'n ^k mnn nK bru pona o-'eiim 



-<piB , rv phn , n 113 „Tde principles Etica" "fflSBD ''J C 1 
t Holmes ; 'K pB „L'evolution jnridiqoe" , Letouraeau ;'J1 '3 "i 
^,Early Formes of liability" T'j,- fUWuln rw'Tpn „Tho Co inn 
,11 "p; „A History of tha Criminal iaw of England" SteplH 
.82 ,81 1 
..861 ,S«0'B]? ,22GT10y „ADimal intelligence" , Romanes <* 
Cones, „lSnlletin of the united fctatca ecological and Geo- (.* 
,671 ,062 'a; 1 ,J4 1 , IV 1'3 graphical Survey of Territo 
310 lit:;; op. cit. , Koraanus (* 



rrfaann "rb Kb Satt ,mnnm n»:p t% mana» on'n'n 
lb nflptr: hmdip bpkti ]'» , rfnyzv arrua • ""Jten by inttn 
ban . nya pnp nan n« (ea't? no <t by rasa nnw tk 
«btF wkh pi ip* f iVita nuao uiaA ruarnn D'sys^ 
npivo ; aib^a pras by "rayb bw rnya Tri^ba laiaa "ina* 
A a , ma yivn , rbnn B"«n nw lb'fl* coyisb nmao ay-n 
, jnnb , aix& mojb , wanbi mxjb p'^ia 1 nambra VTafl 
nb'a« 3H3D 'a , 'inft nan anp . ib noVin tup nx biasb 
,ayvr npwn nnn ibi: aiNn wa 
HTJOi novyb a'bia: nava manaw nrumn abm 
j-nn ptnn E»«n . ^pron-'w avab , nubaon mwa , neioa 
RD'bnb rnJMrraaiTiibiyaifibjBn r nan~bpabaK .cbnnn* 
•noam pi.Tn usb mana y:a: , o-'bban D'vmnn o"i 
«bx vm nna t»k , ouiran nbm yviaan nan 'bya b» 
nrmo vby bapb mtn u'mr pinn nx dt obp , ain disdd: 
nmb "wew laa , oaipa mm a'nnai d^p-ud in mann bn 
(so^yaan a^nsffni D*"iwn ,_ ny , (iD'anyn nran bv« 
cnrtta laina bru inrn mann an . (» cmm 'Bap ba bvio 
-ojnnb mpn ba ona -iratb kis^n pti , m » ayea na ••bya 
prb pin nw bra ba;o ninan w bptran-w . man by 
i!»j.t» op: niVbybi nrbamb nmn , nuit? nfiai myisn 
aurm— nb*a nbx vtpirfm nbs by nbx nnuw ott 
, ok 'a , Q'Nisn 'aaci cnn-'bya bxx ,-|* «b o'bnan 
p-ivm ni;baon • nioauon imann aipa dj , uaab jiamb 
( nan no 1 by o-jytMi nan mpaa , nia wwi *fib , D'yatj 
rwiatwin tid 1 by in o'yaEia D'noia nwji hd' by «bi 
onsion ba tfba nsa nny mn naa nmn na«n by . D^avDJn 



, 325 — 833 'OJf , „Aoimal intelllgenoe" .Romanes (' 

. 20 IttJ , , .Criminology" , Use Donald i* 

„AmoDg i fSinai 1 ? ,n ^ip nooa mijMl ••to 1 fl'DiB'a «ain (» 

• 15 'Off ■ CauuibalM" 



'■■: .n*Jl l ji'*16f1 H 



m\ 



Trail .ma'E'sn fnrVz utrtvb iShik n; on-a rnaifi nfl 
"cipri, ec'3 snip Kin Dfinrt D"ipm . raaftirt hT&Sl ;t-i 
. "nnia„n fuaMnn nSit S? , Mno 
nSx Dp nSs O'pasj nni2n-d*'ipnni o , :nJarra"ipnn 
W* , Qptvh nnin rfiis E-nn vnia-'ipn,, S3 . posn *b 
hBPsnn nnK . inm aaion ^rfpn Sy noip nns fiutiratita 
nwp Snpn -nsx,DffnS nmn mien nasnj ,3Fn ain afift 
Him? ,nt '"3? D'ann Sp ystpo Tri'n . oixiTanrsn V; 
, ic'irna si-o:n nSjfinn w -avn is naxn naa nmn rw p'iaa 
pa.pnptn T3i mrtt nSan ,n p thm *?j? D^eva fi*a7fti 
pi nann no:in n33 nnartn ns vtik -ptpa 1 ? nsinn vn'n 
ns yaam iwvm Vipn pa ^irn n-insai nitofin man 
jttn? p-raa nunan Tirn pai wn m-i Sp ♦Wan ianin 
. ins pan f|K npois ronton pit , nin bnpn 
Vtta S - pia v-pnn» np»a na 'a ,tmaw i:™k "jye^ 
a^pa pan-man niprnnnSi noaonni biStwi nua&fifif) 
flniBflfsl ns nyiT mo" 3 nnu Kin novp npc nnwa — , aip'n 
.fl'mann nn::nnn nsi 
can nnipa i;n:s trsyia rnann "no flan n:s baa 
n;'2'K-in .nn»a .D'vnann DHiJUrt o'pai; onotp D'piapj 
(Mamrflfli aSa pie? cpiaan nonSoni mwirinn 'ten d-hxbi 
, nSs naSo . "onprnn naiaS D^nn nonn„ nwnA nmn , ov 
new , mrtaaai nvo'jsn nuiana o'b' 'p'ny tirVtafl tf 
sS «]Ki , awn anpa nip OTOii'n tfb nMiannn hv mrn&i 
op na d'ipjs: i;n:x ,n , a"Ss' .npaoo moa cn*s J^bfta 
. aiflpnl nwanna cipa 1 ? a'ann B'n*n:n , d":eti cfnarin 
D'OpsS nSpian , n^-ipa nns nan nip fbia" n^s ty 
. ns nuuan sian K'aa , aSipai? ;m:a . Smj ^tatt naa. 



.278-207 'ay , ov ( 

..Etntlea genlalaB et aoeiaies,, ,Ta(de ( 

. 3ii5— 3D7 'a? , de Tin 



;L'-n r,vr;;r.nn nx "£hSfl . 'iprn l 1 ::.. 

.rtann nvvurift 

B^arfftSn' , nxn <^3 . jYfti , ^■•; u fi'&B br« D"ipnn 
o'-niann D^pnn m e^SritSa p , an* nflpon nraon Tiflfc 
(te%) nhtt pa^i !r>i«t33§ n'rsn .(inriw nraen -pro 
jf^p0ft jitf^i ruVnB n&ijl fftfin" nnw rfwwj nrx ,mnx 
. 'iprn nnana»n 'pn flnflitljni ftonJ^ff^Viyin cpinn 
*u» on dj centra nnVffl pBfiBBh ,mmn ,nnarfi 
.dik 1 ? "jx din'mi jjij bx JtfitS Diai'a nnr if mna Vna 
on t ,nxu W3 tf^Jh'S'fiDfi b"ipnn 'a'tJ bit lAsiBIB 
. 'jp fmn'Sruit ^x ins dixi-'3'i;-xd maps d^jwo 
-pn fiyflih^J o'id , EfojfS bttSaSh fa ma ., □"lpnr 
. nniannn 
e*rj:no ( aw* tea o: |a ie=i , 5a9 tea *a ,nra «vvn 
hs mvr itn MftMhrWl ftftll!* fitajffl^ . m cy m n«ipnn 
0"ipnna inx "WK ,ne te ixEia 'sS , "n-js-n-nnnSot, 
niainp *irti* d'ovb 1 ? ten ,tiJ Dip ^ab na "jau tnauai 
ma ,nai« 1W 1 ix ftfrtfi f Ailpiinr) 'inx o"pnn lma* 
D"^J ** Ifr rttnn 1 ifffC ,nfc rn ft3hn*l 0W3 Di^c 
,x*n hkt .p:m baiiB ins ^ nri m ita nt o'cuiirn 
K'n mwonn .ntflfi rwHsn to rrxon ,(»Tte rravi ipxa 
jtk'tk inn i' by trin '»Jb jhjd iw nnn nx*-T* nxns 
-♦can maiyn . 123a tftoipbi d^it o«ppo butum mw 
iru™ nr^on Q'nnn hitd* rfiarirrt non nx?n rwfro 
. cnnno inx ten minn ttnn 
g fa ifr nwitvn nnsnn nwoin poen 'to niT>u naa 
tnpnS imp Tib . D'topai own D"ipnn uj iroi^y naa 
rwojnnnK , "D*jnJo-a"ipn„ ct?a pinm layn pvb retuv 



. 1* Tiaj , Lei lou d* I'imUxIlnn , Tnrde i. 1 
^Lk lo- DJl 36 .1$ 110V . ,,Loii de 1'iuiiUtion" , Tarda I 1 

. VI p-n , (irj-:e «oc!ato'* 



iSi'mon *m» 



mi'ivon niKDjnn nx o'pne* ,'ipnn .nooom rn^ia. - 
,"p So Sna -jip onS j*tte> o"ipm by Ton lai-ra ■ 
,o«ipnn .iaSnni inn *bS o"i;t? ens icao ik rnnn omit n 
. ovpn nonSD nr oy nt o'onS: , oSiya owojii Sa i 
ik inn Szwd nrta mstn tfonar ie>x , SpdS , b-idi 
ro Ton tSid , vm ikyo nny nw Pin niyo™ ©in f 
nS«n c'lpnn So ayoo Sox ■ D'aoiDn o'tfann aipa ' 
pi -ixbhS ik , nyn* ny naya ornn jo naySi SieoS c 
-inn 'ipn hpk -,vh nya ,SSon p dwetci □"Bio c 
com itSiojo D'orenoi o'o 1 d'D'txd nSxo onntt d"' 
,'po'in npe-o nx '-uScum ante 1 iitn nanttn .nnu 
ijSxk wzvb o^ia' 1 Drawn nx 'tuwn pawn ntt T 
, main viv n? niKDjn San . nt pTia nioio nnoxn 1 
mwa D'kvio i:njK ,ianon Sx on*a jnvSx'rEO 
-mopo , iiamci Sir noixn niopan , meon Si? "noiro 
rob nan ]bku . ^p'Towi bv mrom naVritn Sip 
nio'Sn ,d'?it D'enaSc m nai ny -jE-oa u-ryS cc 
yD-i'iT D'jdjoi nuiDtt jcyipyp , n'yrp iiot'jon ,j 
d'tn d'oi D"ipni? nya ,o'yiT o'KEm D'jrw iVe 
. nayo ny nnx ncjS c-'nana 
Ton mtnS , xis-x ,i:n:x a'Sia' 'man 012" Soa 
omai ,mSiyso onns D'yiop o'ois'o ixS tvVa \ 
bv *]vreiT*nyi3n, km nwn nywin .wmi n 
mSSionn n'S (poaS K'aan ,DSiifln mn n? . nrm: 
.■"SSo inx oio'B urn cmn oicn nmo' Sa> i 
hnoi o"SSo notrno ':bk , n-SSo ywb -wvn xii mn 0: 
cSion nam ncuS iTDna i« lrapna .nvSSa rvm 
S*?i3 Kin , o'jnaoai nuiowa , ptrSo D"Snnin cS 
«'0' iDv?a mn omsn . monynn-'sw: jnaa niaffBi 
n«w nwiHB 10:0^ onin nnio-n Sa ntt 03 c?n 1 
^'P'Tok Die's m'S'i n'SSa mSSionn *-rh nnOi-rmr 



•a6n yyunna . aavy a'pinn amx ^1 , insn mavpnnn 
-na anyiin rrrfjio ,m ^k ni onainn D'inK a<pi lain 
,aniK traaian cwwnn o*p^nn nn nyun *"rt K'aan mi 
oho nni« d ,- ioio cioao nyunn nw o^apan , a'p^rn 
inv DPfirtii ybn bin a^ano nin jamai , anrw a<pbrfy 
*inKjv w , irmiy 1 ? ^aitm "in« Sa woe* im iy , -mvi 
*j2 by D'B'ptPe i:k , nb nan jaiKa . ma ^awn ^j ay 
Ajharrno ^>ya ,ttwi nKo owrvn ,Kaaa ^ai n^iyo 
, caxpn-roaipo aipa myi ^»i mSiys ^» o ,[ jj D'T^ion 
^a . jn^> ]biobi nwnnn nifjwii niy-in n« renS m^ican 
V 11X171 i*a wavanrh iisyo rua*' k^> pinn "jine* joi 
caxyrrmaiyD mpna ,7ns "uss na nn* tva ik D'Trrn 
jw inv ik inns b\i3 pina jfrmViyaai pniyuna nbsn 
,nan m pm *Sai nyi ^a inKn npo* -ja . hvnwi 
*iy ,rwrtn jai ,*ja>n m pin ,( ?ai nyi 'ta nprr wfwni 
nyiannb tui bizi wxi *u;an 'ipnn na ik pnn vw ipk 
Sy teas'? na , "W nyunn p« o^diu awna ?a« . napanan 
Wpipion nSiyen no'yj ik bk Vhmd ^>3i -nxya *>a nan 
-11-13 jsiK3 n'raia kvw ik o'pnan^ ,mrv aya nrKO 
ipir nbsn a'-ipca . ninnannn ^ki a'aian a^nn ^>x ia*:i 
fitjB' 'b^k i^oai r juiai nyna rfciyannR o'DiTaTjim 
niaai mail d's'jk 'a^i* by nbttn w^nn a"ipnn «mw»< 
niyvoKa — -]E>Qn k^k hj'k ujdt te rvxr^a-xn , b-ik U3 
■MffK , 'ipn ; rram-nwn n^r^a'xna— pais -rbs 'ipn 
^y— n'fijJK 1 ? , hvun ^p h* ^y — n-jaian hbitn^ K3in 
•wki ,oi2DiVip 'T ^y — npnoi^i TiiXTKn-paia o^oH. 1 " 11 
f n ,f rj:ni Tpn maSaa^ min ,(a»&ia «m wnnnai iraia 
. (« n;3:piKi nj^apix , n;ij8 rmnsa oj 
Jinaano n^nm muinnn-'iaiDa niaB'£!nan , myi:nn 
vr'b \n\x nwaoi ,a'aap D'taiaa nia^inn \r\in by vza 

. 23 liar , Le Lois 1'iniitation , CL. Tarda i ; 






iSi'Sibrt >Tii« 



nwbH.i-nii tDi'O'jai nroin rw .trmen nwojft t 
nn iDibi Tpvft laao uSitin un« .nuvVyn nifl'W 
*Jeo pi cpsa Dpca unw crniitn ^ ,ionm Wfln |Wi 
Was ,waa^> "jr cai-p ovum'o unlK arSy iiew a^U" 
.idikh ,ttw nc inr , "inn ana p»p*i n'Tpia uruiw i( 
-iioni nwn mooS pi mem umiti' n* unw cnvi* •; 
nniipn nat*n ^a« .('nYXVi "rava rmrn,,— npwit r^ra 
0*Kna ,e>'m u"K tibip *rp nhpn run Sa "a ,flYWrtWfl1 
fts^n Sai ,^npn 'ifiS naan Sp prison »'Kn "ijfl wflflh 
fiS'stp, -ryi dthvo 'ar mpaa inme< m nrwia , c->r 
friaih ^a , nt p-na m cranSj D'anx; "J» iasr* -ib'K , ti*j 
shz npiaen n-nam mum npoo p i D'pau rftten -r-r-i 
■a-;-;n loyai nn pn^i i'an?i nan ■?? awn nWpi* HlB 
. pan-man n« Tirt "ratra , iann ^(t 
Vffz np *is?aa n'Drranjwi p mctrtsah ystfiS 
: ^pisn "rs nxr naa nnwnnn 'a , unw ciotR ir , nSaA 
fjM ^hhh iffR worpjen 'a , nn*aioi n«*io finwifBI 
njrrtn van^ ,nriR man H'S oniK R*an w&Wirtfl 
ir.xb -pw jirip moa .a^nanno c'pyx D-anc rfliiiW* 
I'R n«tn nvuKnnna 'jaw ,'jrn nx vnnn puan 1 : IWflKfl 
TKn lannn nnn nttan , rrjam rwiinnn 'a , n*«i '•a 117 
anpa . iTBsD i m r6p mts>Mnn rrnn nt op nr fi'dfflfl 
1' ^p ,b , :ib' am nrnir aiany t ^p n^» traWfl 
ri*S? nw^ia nfwn n-awn aipa n'awiwipn tWBfhrfffA 
,rtrot b» , n'Jirp nvawt to aim marp awjib rtnrtflfll 
, ni^iannn to nanun nflipnn 'a' ^a 7.231 
naai 1 : manag* rpo'jan nwunnn *?P mpian naom 
n» rnnn R'anSi iiiaRn n'SR nn bpd bj-o n:sc *ii*»»frt 
*;« n'BJn R'n nun naan — Bi'js'n nic nrion mSVia.irti 
,mSipsni maffnen .vnann nvn a^a npiacn ,-ipnn 
-nrnn aipa uoo. mBE-ano , Dixn-a^rRn ^aira nn?ui 
-[a-KD con 'Sj iBffsn* i»xa ,im« o'aaicn o'oiTa 




, mitwnn r/hsvn miayri (en n«t — onivinn yjia 
nman KTi n«t , yon nuw» msnS vma D*wrtsa lop 
nunpaa D'Minon o^nn-'Sya , yon ]vx\ Si? fuwtnn 
••3 ,m3S nHtn vmxn miaya D'psnDa o^w onrv own 
canaimN n'KSaai Dipnoi inrnott n« "ny cjnia on ox 
njispxin Dyes nr oy nt ciwfljn , SteaS , D-o^an ; ow 
«nr naiyS ni prr* cpiin , ij»n "it?3 nx inttn ovmo 
jDm Tiy cpyaai m;itp mycpo avraai rnovp otwo 
ruin nsran t Sy onwiyn orrnwui -jSnoa cnntf d"i:» 
pprfoeh bw on hSk ^3 • i n k p-n , ajim qua , iwxni 
cnan nE'Sn . nn^a diSb> una dwiu in inyi Sy ex 
na Svk dj manp D'oye 1 ? mpo nS hksio nun nt ca 
o'nyj w p nriyo rwaa puna , ngp'S ivtn . oitin 
tjnyj w ovn wm : nSxn anaia nsoo , (TB "M *3»i' 
n pna«Tpa lyjn kS a-nyjn ,TWq mp< »rfta maiy .cw 
^3 Dnn» anyv pmna m naiyS nt nay on , nioiSnaS 
o'yjn -eysyS nnna uyi ':b Sk ip-x la^pwri p"n ,yu 
-nyi:n mrri nriNn -ran ottns "flipna i« . oys3 nmien 
moa na-ra nyun nnnii iDvy yrn inwai , nn« na'sa 
S« e-k open up cnyin wan 13 nnx . ij:3B> iyh ;d dj 
cysa wo: nSxn o'taaoni , amin o^nia ccaoa inyi ':a 
oysh aysa iaSn nwson niyunntp npa , van *hw oyD-S 
nnoni , ianS ion Sa onyjn laSn runnxS . niipSnni 
n* rrwn ^b itdw ,mm nanon .ny Sa ^paa .mu:a 
(i-n-on Sai Sip Ss lyown ttSi naSiff -\riv7] n'ora 
, n3n ay nyjua i»iaa ,d-w" can^a S'jin 'aS Sa« 
pm ,nt ynrt iS nK'vua pa>SnB ,(W%n D'psaxn Saa 
n*yva«p . np^eo miv3 nnjunnn iSvk mi'3na nSx nn« 
, o"nnBE>on o'oin'n n« rmipnSi ^nynS oixn Sia 1 pcSn 



, Journal of tlio Aotr. lost.; Note! od t>ie NbHtm of Fnkaoi'n i> 

1881 ntr bou'w , 40 iwy , xxi \ia 



,s-n pen-man '3 ,'niwi nvnon n« npinan nails nnm 
"na n < n i d ' n maiyn , ma'ap^ion nepcnn mipjo 
.mam 
^nanSi Tan 1 ? o'jnrn , cai^yn cnrr^ya Svx itsxi 
mm win miya D-nrn ->k» ^a pi era '32 pa 
-nnpin una np'Mn montra , Vraa c-txn >Ja dji , njt'tWTn 
n*:ia ,pm epreci'K hpk nraen nnn , lAa mm , npHBj 
aVsm »aan ,nwn ,oion . pifips te mpe Saa v-k 
Trcax iina nta nt caanna arw niaannna crawwo 
twj mp'»3m <pn niy'pn , D'piann . nanp rnpwrtS 
lain bv D'jiDipn rny-nnnn t;xkmd irnii mna utonfe 
-WK3 , 'a ]sr nno d'^i o':bi -wona D-nanieo an , nap;m 
jiaj nnrm die's nnrn 'yyc«n sin y:an„ , ntj pita Tjf* 
, jva^s-noaom nnwpnn h^ crnr cn-^ya -<iv irarfi 
main fe .tiiimu -ntr , nnan ti» , traity-maTyo vw nanV 
dkh yaspn -iint ,-tnron j;iyn 'a ,my svj i)>oio mwr 
ountf nanxn rarem urn ,n;aa *tb n« npeuai npana 
'a , "id:bd awn 1 iE>»a , ntn u6nni ram -men m nam* 
mnwn ,"npiayn ppaminn, n»nn fi-cN 1 ? arip w ,n* 



"Dan *ann '"ay nmna vi^ai o'na na^jsn s 
oy n%w ia /a rawK-in nya D'aniyD nurwni o^na? 
rfngm Kim F fr>wn ma n« Tan irx ^3»n» -iy ,rh 
jimnn oycn win nt ,i^ monn nwn npnvi hk »p; 
I . *in« mr op NPD31 yjoa ma!) »nn mrn nx pn 
na« te nuw nipwi myyoM mann noyo ina 
Ifjcna . a"nn-^pabi oit6 nanwon pe^n km n«r , _ 
\ortn ^aionn 'b ,o^f« nunpo ^oin ,0^ ^pa ' 
D"i:»n ^« nonnna ,n»3inn bv ni'jiy'nn m^jnnn ' 
fl!»7 o»ism fat ntt iDty^ in3^» .mann nDjioa o"D'M 



f # nsu "-pbnacrm atfhrk mpi D*np mix oys3 oysa dkiH 
,,Sainn Ton rw naip btt mraqi neDin trn lbbn a'Jipai 
, nrxn ny»3 us it ibbn trnpn nyjm nipim t6 D'eysb 
nyja 1M1 : nbisa he-jih nsattn anpa -niyjio rAwi DTJia 
. na Wn axp nntt j?m io*y juti mwai 'jct nxy nma 
■OT by Jtnts louy b« wpb run ]bin3 nebno cnwribpa 
ftapnon , nn« *nwin« .11331 ny-tv natwn , fwit nj?*j 
nx m»po nm «'n . naxy icin bt< *aurn nxy ny'wo 
njwa nn* ppt? *b by ^ ,"s , nunon b« un mmi 
, m djbd . icxyb bawn nvnb *iun far «b nw baa , rr»a 
^r by baprn ninit naoN itraa jot into naottn y;n ox 
oysa rtbapn kme> nwinn nnwb non ntwin nwn nyan 
jmtwi nsyn '3 ,Tan in , naxy b*i nam hx watt oysa 
Kim — ,nor;b nb nonn nw run cyan n*btt anpnn ie-« 
.ba^ «b n»« ,*iain aunt 
raiannai nbnanna , nybrnn 03 moib nib nm {sua 
j'ai nm 'Ja pa bnanbi naxy -icin n« tptnb , Djrea Byaa 
nym nn arib o'ipan d'jibti own .man tk» ^3 
yip b» "iirrai ,orvB33i orrbn btp nv*Jun T by nutn 
.113 it my;un onb* t^nran 
^nrjja mbiysa iab micm f naDMn nibiye '3 t tt/B* 
»a ,n'jj D3 dr ,ba»* ,inr *tbi nvjeu nibiys pp-ya ;n 
ibbn nibiysn 'a # Ttianb bau *b , lain Kin p noxa 
unixiai , ni"T3j3 ni^we^ anpn n^ana jyao iyo nianp 
opo ruTio ^y anoiyn amvn in« ^xk ipdd iSto ni^iya 
^a join aiffn 1 ? nwii 13^ it" 133 mnnonnn bs> nni3J ira» 
,'sn rr^y ipk , stitki rmp3n . mnam miwa niSiya^ pso 
Wio by mtti pn kti ikk k^ hscd i»«i aysn loiy 
nwi ffi'nDK n o+ianrmanan S*nnn mSiiiff ,ninnflnn,n 
W nyaio K'nn mnnsnnn ruiio by ,n\Tn» j'D nr«o 
n'bba "inrn nam inrn K'n rannun njnann . perrman 
mainn K'n nxrn maiym ,mann "nb myjwn nunann baa 



ha truibia'oan nunnn ^a p,i rx 13 ,ni;vi»n wi> 
"ni , mptnnm nvriBnn "Th pi a-K'aa wsww r.ispSnm 
UU'ya, i»B iaaj ntti apj . •>-i»eit viba -diS w iir maoi 
tiynon K'n nei ,nuvwn 'osn SSaa onwq iv^ ($4 
njm d-'tb? n ,f >j7 -urn ,D"anzn ami hv rhsv ~r' i) 
, D'Tnxon porrnnns "aan ik maviiwi 'Den mm c^iann 
K»oi-yjD2 1X13 1 nyiT moa con onaPAnw itrx cys Saa 
. ni as ni 

jrao .rbscb D'tciai D-cann mid •:» n« onoai try*' 
c'Bsun nuvinn n&ieWn noa naiip otaann manp 
■»nten cyan o^nn-^pa an bvm jvaoi nuvwn marA 
'ti ,nwi»n wia inr opa ma jawa Tan cfnam 
tnt?a» npra pi nysio nurwn man 'a ,Tna lain 
/ naEijn , mnnsnn Sir nj»T ru-noS p*jn "iaa 'Wan mann 
ru'M n^a itr« ,ijS niyiTn nrnn Saa naia: wn nvn 
^3 , na-p ^a , n':a ba *m ews nniSsions sru Kb* 
by inn pin pa naaS nyTP nwn naosn ,vwte\ «kai onatt 
np^ia n\*i ,■»!□ nu'jyo nunan q'DpsS r.vr; kvii , osn ri 
, naina niwsn naias'in op (D-n-navj noioBTn nfl*Vp nx 
nrm pfio naina ps© naia;n rwrbpn n» maa tm ^as 
o'TT'Syaa dj ck 'a , cnoxa pi nS fuira. kti . na np-Ji; 
*mK n« ,maaxn nnsnK pban tbebyb Sax ,a\;iiy q^ioj 
, D'jw D'jflixa nn'auai ntno ten , nS o'onn crin—SpaD 
-w Sa pai , nb mann niaaan pa ispk biznn yer nb o 

rtK^Btin rnann ksio nit iKaS iaai6 -"a ,'aw awin 
nao«n . D"5wxiDn a-on-n bz iipo , a^nann man , nstn 

,„Pr«ib Water Bhinopflls of K«rtL Aiaorio*", Joseph Seidy (* 
. a" 1 fa 1 bailed Status Uealogioal S 

S 



"ffiiro Spiron—ntr nyien b"!p ny»a pi nnrBK naxya 
rwn nyisnm (main b&) rbw 'yawi D'osa ie-k e^ron 
trnrnn mann 'Yiiyoa Dorian nwra 1 ? nrm pi n«a 
D'^iSia'cen nimtnna ivbspraxi nniSiTiDn nupDan 
rkw pon-man ,»yo kS -py \rb w nSun o'mcrn 
jnan ; nnnana cran 'Irian mant? maa na pi ru-ipnn'? 
,bnS m:eS ^aa ,nSnna Sawn anpa m-nyno crSiarn 
•\bn robvtn pan-manS naipanx ,mnn*nm la-sna .dhS 
n^ip D ,l ?ianna Sapnan own ;mrm nyi riKt .ptnnm 
*i»« maa na -a \y , nirncna Sapnan nann by ispna 
npiay W mann n-a-y: mo nnina D'avyn nTniynn run 
-irx , yvrn ;vrnn -ixano jwki maiyn tid' Sy . mnai 
ccij; on"n ';3Kai o*tu n:aD3 ma n; cpimn o^nn-'Sya 
fejHD -i.t nann piayi pin oem nt^jsn nytra nr by nr 
mSinn . d^stii o'anp crTT'Sya nt by n wy m?n DEmn 
bw aeicn-nant? no , ttvi nSxn nvSaa'n nirvana n-niann 
jmanS ninanni nriann miayS ny Saa -noa o^nn-'Sya 
c-iann *jd'd 'd Sy .paS p» pi 'nS 'n p SnanSi 
-fjj? nwtn o^sa vm in m«n pijb'ip oys Saai jD'Jitpn 
. ipce *u# S» ini in San iwiia diph yna Sapo wn ia-n 
. c-nn— Spa aSa nmiynn -ran roe tsnn □"n-Sya mr\n 
-pxi 'Sai nyi 'Sa ops Saa tijd , ntsnn p-w Sr nan , i'nn 
ie he'x , nan oyn pi ira two »in ~wk , riann nst 
ik p-iv-iu S» n^mion maima pismn Sran . lama iuS 
E unn ex Sa Sy a'xyn o»n nimp njp'iff S» B"3npco 
■9 ,i2-f< (O'pioy d"dinS D'Snan pan rry tub isnna 
Svnn Sa ^d iy: f niiPiwn aipa oSiy ny riv kS , ransn 
.D'awnanpa .Syiea nspjnnS 'o^ifliaoipn jryinS iw «S 
nan rwya , d'jip coisSi o'ytj aiany ^t Sy ittu tpk 
Tpa ran ny poa n3ayan , naoS o^o^jsn cSiann 
.miDjn niSbiannn 
prn itt-aa oaipa nn B'jsa cSiann 'awi rn kSiS 



■ 






inn n\bp -ini' my nitpyj , -py 'fa 1 ? mSpn , niwinnn r 
-N'ncn D'Dn'n nnxann *ih nrn piKa K-ae *ipm , nie 
K^ao xin r irnj«nnn ny -irw nai wk km *a *|K ,o 
•upk wm DT3n inwb wito , noipo n« roara o'dj 
nbnno bmj rn» D*B"«n pap 'jxk pen-man nnsnn t 
bs nam ^k na^ip , 'ipnn bar nwn nyopnS nmn , niS ; 
nrmann mw rw ,-inv is mns rD»o:n .nipxi 
, -p'a 1 ? , nsn ^31 ejin 'fja mann "to ^yis 'ipnn • 01^1 
*avn rw Ton an^>y d'kehj o^irxicn nvrvn tfp tu 
*i»k .tvjispkti nuMannn bv nyirpn nintsxni mcfl 
bbaa km D'^s'xion a-onM ninnsnn nan , cyau on n 

.n"JB>n nwjinrm nmv ^ Iranians maiainn. 
Wino Kn> niiannnn bvt '■yia ipna ta 'a , , i«ino 
i:ru« i»k /PVrn rs's-ia'PB) Tuo-'iMun ptnfl iiKaa 
i»r , ranm 'j» W n'oisnfl ntp'js . rwasn dim i!> owip 
, onsyab , nn'ao , man d 1 :^ -|E»d3 inyn ns hk »•>« ini k^ 
, km ntP'jen ( a , itjt rbtn nnpo . ana ihk rnv 'tV 
ten n»uaa» mtPinnn . nwnmn mtrsa nrw .niBian nviy^ 
nr^a km ik dj i»aai , n^pn ir^na r6pi raop arm w bj 
S» wyw .nnawnn nKi nntrpnnn n« mai-ip D'aysV 
ji:pn to im*i D'nys^ uaipa nniya ueua lawn iai nnt 
ik o'ya mM^) ^ uek 1 ? jpian nMn , nyx bv— a-ayaSi 
ami irSy D'iriy , ckd uruK ipk , rh* d'jd . o-yj vAa 
D'atpio pimo u^k o'Kan ni^pn . y i — D'nnK qijbi a i a 
, u-iik otjid on D'oya 1 ?! , nniD'yw wa^ jik D'oyc^ on^K 
nff'jen yji3 nt ny m mann 'Sya ciiicn bv nwjjnnn 
ok , oniiKDn DrTDn' ^y ny'Bt?D puwmn myiinnn ik 
.nt nyo ni ■nsnn^ dki nt oy m icpnn^i •uwirA 
^ian ni'KD fej?n tap' ick , atpnna mSu wjiti 
miya pT Vsg-nsnn pal n a n n pa IjnaD bawri . »HTMl 
dk k^k \\-onn riK j*»n? ^32>n tav k? p ^yi , b-\znn nspj-n 
rronn , nxio inr . nyiT maa ^iann .-ik n^nno r»n p 



"*: 




I . *j»n nirya t ?y ahssa tm bs *vyo *3 'jea ,'irn 
, »j»n "man nit TC^an nnao nnitn iron na?» WW 

| ,nniM 73pi? ma nroia nK3nn nx pinm nt a'E" nr yra 
,m7 by ,bvnb ,ron rw isvpa w onyan inMip ny»a 
WTO in nwm m «*> pi dm , yria man nn naian a<»' tn 
lew ( fKin n7iyan . in7iys nya -mry? on by jae6 3ian 
na'K , DiKn y3B3 naaE*a nyiaai n^ap^n rn nwja 
-man nx nun -iran rQ' n»N ntonn ja 'noiNaa errxtt 
,vt> na-in ntfi n^paa caaiiD nVipon wn 'a «)« — ,wn 
Ijap'B- itffst* tit , nan nn« ipt!>„ : nan 1 ? iriK btm mp'tn 
fix 7ap ( 73 Blip '3 , 1313 psD bz pM 73» , if;' nan nana 
D'psuno d , e»;k 'j»» nytsa ."iptfa "p«ra nntt, rnawirti 

^vyo m ,.Tp3a n^tsa '» 7? ,*inw -iriN 73 npno n? oy nr 

'nipa 'fl by pT nrn iprm thd a'ays? id p3«nai piwi 
( rron7D7nr by nrtrtwm ni?;n , jb' .mannnysiwi nnnw 
,n"iinn .'J»n 'trya nx inb nianp D'aya? insn npnD 

Brian *»yo 7p manai nyna mx Di«n , anr« "mrr- 1»» 
, nwjunn 73 'pbna in« win 'ipnn '3 , mien iaj . 'ipn nmpi 
,nniysa nwiffo . m oy ni !Ton- | ?y3 d^'k iimit ie>m 
•ww spasn D'bsn on , n^yaian mnan jviud n-iana D'smn 
Httmnnn ^no o'np^pn D'p^nn insi ,'ipnn {ptw vSy 

,7733 

ni* awn 1 ? usaon K7 no ':sa , paan x-iipn pa' nny 
733 7yis Kin» win '3 c]N ,mann "na ncpn pvni> *tpnn 
; nwji-inn 'p?nD inM Kin 'lpnn . a»mann a"nn niyypa 
-mp« , oittn 'J3 pa itt D"nn ^ya pa nji»«-n niwinnno 
, rjwjjen niE'jjnnnDi , mem D"nn non^a rw By nr uarV 
oinxnn nn« own 'J3 7X«i D"nn , '7y3 7?n naifan 
.D'^K'Yion D'Bn'n itppa ni oy nt ontppnni 
w ,31 {at iffoa B'O'pna nniy£33 nwitfa dm ,t~3m 
n,'33n nuvw . D'wanon trsun paa nui 1 ^ onn' 7y ltna' 
.nwunnn yasis o'ijip owaoi ni7iyen by Diya O'p'flPD., 



ctix c*:np W3rm op ovpn non'ra innbi iwtt ,bt,: 
era B'prn owwa isms ijtn ty , o'apan onm 'tr 
pi d'swoji D"»innD R"nn . d*wm imfa on 1 ? tera!? • 
. u^aa piti Diso px mn pmn joi o"nn nom mpxi 
' rrtim ,mab i» o*rfc ,nmn wwv nwumn p c 
iwitam mnnsnnn ntt rmrw rmwi , r6pn rrjtpn mrjofl 
■flwi . Miym T»n ms-jin , nviwm op maan *n 
it* , rmwmn mt?3jnna it?« trmrn icsnn W a.Ti'j-p 
. nntta nwan nwunm vwa icr nuvn .imipnnn 
■mprr ip« njwicon nrnipniw Ss aVwoi "Wipa ;: 
myaun m^jnonm pnvn nuamn appa yh dpjp 

-nb na -^pa d'?u pa pi crwait mimrti rnwannn 
D-D'KnD naa o^iann , Drnn-^pa b?x , nvnai . 
wtHwxb Jfluo. , dtjttoci n-pa ufron n ^k d*^: 
"■Vya ik , ditbu rrjaa o ,, ip , y o'Sian !» on'ra pit ■ 
yji;a o^nj o'Vian ^>a oj an-ra pn ,-inn |<dd t 
cvrn^pa- hw 'a r TH^ D^ia' uit p^ ,onvnna nn 
w .o'jw trita ■»» pa pi rawmfi rwjnnnn nnt 
Miann piapn Jina codsi -rnxn pan *ja Q'tsrraru 
nwawwi 'on 1 fO^Qiun o"nn *wna , kis'k ,on paa 
. worn nipjin n« mam anpa omipa am , r6pn n*Ji 
nmra nwxm mtrainp rroim rnsaannn nm» *& , e' 
pi 'liPSK iai on ovnann cdhti ,njitp«in hispjj; 
rra:n ntt ia^a •not?' ib* ,pnn inw in pun inw ' 
D'laino .BBpn Saa pnta^i norfroS "winn nm rrjK 
D'Bn'n "ffBtt , rnana iPK o'crrn ^a '3 , own unjN nf 
mnoj rrano ntapp arhv om^u ,b^pji o'pn v 
.nrnin bs ^id ip Bn'^pa iiio 1 #b - 
ifiiro mama , n ,, :» i« n;i^Ki vin , nwunn bs 
,mxair mo m rwan ik mj;a&-m i ii3:nni ni*?snn imtj 
nwy "i»« ntcyon hn n»ip DTKunon csuno "mm in*t 



cy anaia a:y xb , wy ntt tyvfo jttwi ,iffbar\ jpoym 
nipawwi i^nn rx iipn ,xba vtw wb o-ancn triMKn 
nwi lax u':bS mm nation bsnb a^im . aiKn "na , inj l 7 
nwaannn *?» imwn |nw bx ot \swrh a'maia yoxp n« 
.nnaxnnn na nnn niD;3:n 
•npD ^a cp'rnnD ntnnannn ^ fiflpwm mipaa 
;n»3iff en rui»m nmann w sorts -<art nwaanrsi 
nwaann K'n U • trpaaam DTPaaon bv K'n !uwmn nitt'jjnnn 
^p nDTipn njnann ^y laanflb nnaa e" ibs ,naiyyi nptn 
caya 1 ? , unrh frew , na^ra n« nutfVi o'twanon train 
inn b-XK rpbnn m uston nraan "Wpn ns ,marp 
K*n n M JiPri rwaannn . ana a'ai ^vk ik onwanon n'mjno 
•p ^>a mtraann K'n it . nvnnrtn is , nwmun. ^ya 
■nan *7y »'tt t^x a^yia swanan co-iana' ,-py 'c^ n 1 ?; 
Ton nSnno winannn , axaai njruna pi d'ot □ , d , 330' 
—nmaio rrrtin -una nana na nine ,n3ie>tcin nircorm: 
-wajTE-Ka , nmaran nmSw -i»r , n"aipa noteai ,naainn 
.nmannn — ten jjW? 
wruyir im ,unrw caap o'C-u ,'arafc ,i3ipn*ipa 
en in , inx bni sm nrtt Sx .mnvan in^paa ip'K b"k 
.noixn 'w o'-iWD/gn wy iirxa ,prn naa vbx octroi 
jik cxm unax mn jrina . ^nan man ay inx o'jy^> wjn 
wenb kv im nan . posmn n« nnnsi , nntrxn niMJffin 
D':op onawi nnns ni'jp rrppunn aaca , nwawn *r by 
: inut D'3'pon D'-iaim man pi man 'aiax aipa ffnns 
nana ny ponno , two Tnan isu'd nyma (-iwa'cn 
f nnm-cn crD'an vnniD^ , I'ja ik impn , ■nsncn ikd nmw 
n« o'Kxia umtt ntn jvina . naistn nan ay nnKn 1 tpk 
?a ,*mn ma .nmannn n« nnnm .n^i^n mtpwnnn 
LfDHwrn nwjinm mbin iina pi n«a n^awn nwaannn 
niaiD ini* nwoan nK'xao □ ,, nn D'aaiiNn mnnann 
caop d'mtih ioihd 'Ma *nn hut xin ♦waaVs py^ 



I 



.n' jiSi'ti on * i id' 



I 



xnpp ipoa . (i ess 94s — o'-ian -isooi , 875.368 — -tyn 
*i6DD by ttovu , 1881 nap ny i87i hjpo nay hpk , d'jot 
(OVionby onbian -miDO m 574.S8S piaiba o'aprn D'pwn 
,(inm« owvn by Tpn b« raaain imaa ra 306635 pm 
baat? n'XTj'Dum rrpaon ncDinn pa oj -icnpe tsrpn vrnfl 
, jaioa , o'HBDon *a «]» ,ntiBpm mbnan o'iyn baai mmwi 
•oap anpa iS'bk "idjipd Kin . nnns oysi ays baa on 
• B'Timbya myi a-men 
niEpbnnnD 'no* aciD tfmipb nnb abtrawi oipp noa 
mann D'aab a'apin ianate nm» ipn , naipKin nwapnrsi ik 
WW onaa cpjk rrnpa pus? nrw nbna nnspo .jvyaon 
ojp 103 ,nbon bp arm jaioa man oa'a sip,nb nbia* 
KTgnb bam «b o'-iaai onr coira'arK btt> n'Jom nwapfflS 
mvapnnn by oj nooano nvioKn rryaan mann . n? apa 
aiany by aa noBano N'n ; n'a'oanaaipn by nai irwrsi 
, niospn na by oil ontn nniD'n 



jnttbob Ton n«a nittan nnppnnn w rrnstffm 
wh pa px pi ok ,nbyob mmnon rryaon nixapnnn '• 
D*oan pi kvi nwapnnn . inra D'bn; cbian 'yatan piap; 
b'nnon /pa: mtne km nnattfinn , mann "n b» 'yaa 
.tpjoin ipona mental O'pinm pjti bp niawen mb>ys: 
ba ntt nepon , narni naa-iio nbiyeb , man niaain niysoi 
. a'avbyn o'annn manpai 
D"mann o-rayn 's'bn 'a , rramb fiiv ba o'sn uait 
bab inai yrr lain 'a ,mpaannn -a'so inttbbaa 1 
mp'ya nr« o"nn nibiyeo nbiyai nbiys ba ,nyn '1 
.,myTi nipjann is [coioxn) noinn 'pbn nwaann 

'* p^n Compendium of the Elevent Censas I* 
177 map , Studies in Statistics , Lougstaff I* 



— -uVirifl-vji rrnjjs nbi ;o*Kxia ijh:k ,-ieBaa esg.! 
*nim naip t*p ; 47i — nwn np'TBK n*^ ; b.i 
>— rrtjatTV ; 190.418— hh^tk -"T^ ; 2.20s — rvaipi 

J966 — B^ftlX pK irk* ; 11.242 — mj'jBIB' *Vb* J 36. 
n^' J 27.193 — mEBlX , T i ?' ; 210.723 — TflXTU v 

; 4.953 nnrw tV 1 ;e«6— rrAa *r^ ; i.ss4 — mAir 

— n'3i «rb' ; 7.069 — nr» *f V ; i.bts — rrriiu rrf 
T$* ; 12.222 — nnjjw *yh* ;4s.7oo — .Ton t5* ; 
5 io.B35 — naix tV ; e.769 — rrafea tV 1 ; 8.099 — n 

— m'n t!? 1 ;887 rraso'n 'tV* ; 89.961 — n^aw 

— nuitr nvsiTK my-iN n^» j 342 — rp^iaoiit t'?' ; 
— pis-inn •wtw "ja Tlr ; iss— ovi ^p i"6u ip« btwk ; 3.et 
trait^n ai3Tjr pk uniK d*kxiq ,pm ,_ v: nra .{ 
: maimn panxa "UDin Tpn pSn . mpnj* rpa ^m "ini , i 
VH'5j n^iy irx inms ner lint , Twelfth, state, Polk, 
*ja^ atpiaoipo 1894 raws rrn ,kdhei p^^ 'rpnnx xbtsb 

,(»a , Di(*b itry rma 
'ca nwinn nrifapn la^n , rrfcnpn ^a niamna rapi 
nn^n t by ,]Ovpb D^iB'tnn nnrm W ix pmtn ~iv 
jnan ^ai air b .rnnroowi «r Sy "wtta ttt> na - 
(. ccxpa crs-ian easy , B^tyiun o^m-nona , xis'x on 
(nscaa cavb^'o as) n r un"mxiH »a»v ^ao ^ru invn p'jnn 
o-ipjKna nnsi inx "73 ■pTipai , n'jun jwwi ^iaj -jina tSii 
utavmvi D'OB'Jibipn Bnannnx pis-a f nirraft ,b" nton 
jump nppa "6'fini . issi rtfp 'Js 1 ? np'Tax 1 ? ixa tok 
nea&jpN ^x pxa vioa^i rpiama nraipo fw aitp 1 ? naio 
'nmsa iVsk ,tp ^x tjtbi anyn bx BnawiB ,iSa Iw 
'mennn mrhrh miin ip'pa n^npi rAnp fe na-pnr: np» 
vj^i n'atpwi iDca pir-na rm isso nwa . naina w« 



.eos , 601 -1 



„Compemlitim of the Eleventh Cemns" I 1 
„Hall House Mapa mid Papere". (.* 



™ 



, ^Ssi rroiD fftn nut ^23 n:'n a'jnajm BVMon ■?» r 
,o"-nn 2*8,553 nn ovn iv ^PD"n ,bvsh .man- n tt? 
. arrpmya Ima Tie* rnn d-i ■ 
i;n;« o^ir uaet ^>P B'ooisan cayn .-man 1 ? yiua 
STpa mnera ■»* , n'Tonn rrruttwrt nnirt 'a , it 
nniDTi 2ia-i;r dSym rrn , -jkd rfmi maa nStcn wz: 
mw nrrnaa lemn r\tt jraoan , ■pyrrafi naa: piifj o* 
i89o WPa . ante n'simn rnrranmni arm mo ^a 
jUMptn nfiijWD .9,r49.647 marrmy-iita D'-i;rn£OB : 
njrsffn mn m*n mnwi *?x ibdk: rvnaun wik> ip i 
,(TTftT« , n'bjjx niviKD bik e*b: is.ia-1. &t—-wywk mj 
. fiwist nan -nyai n ,l ?B , « (TPinp , mipu p^ara , nm$ 
iiy iviarmirwa unite cksib nSwrr bmiwi nnt'n - 
.mm? iiy ^a b»k t.itc 
■fcav k 1 ? n6 ni a-in o'-iaa nmro cirn nnmna 
iisyob rwnb nvmanm munnn ,nv:sun nuiana b^t 
isnn ,^»d^ , Kfjoii* pita .rrVjan riT^iannn fn 
on pttn wiwo 69,5% '3 , leso JW3 nvBB'BBon rfio* 
, rwio — m ,jt^jund pt6 uta i;s,:% , marrftww ' 

TKB 9% , D^NINO — 1,7 , PPUbBWO — 2,3 , rPVlffD - 

rranan npnnaws— * ,f"wa — 7 ^jmias - 

, (1 nWKn IKS? B — 1,2 , .TJBIJB — 6 , HV 

ijrVna tp Saa cissi S^j ^33 , nwjrrtVnp ^>aa 
*1^k ^aa E"K Vin pi . n?n ni*na , n aianp nx wnsK a 1 * 
itta ana r» ;noirjr jvuVm it?u \rwh *airro 
— r 1 ; mArtm — *t"3 ; a^xitt pxai n^::n 'p^n ■ 
nvonan nvai^ipna — t ; Sin ninsa — N"a ; n-nSt 
^» nsis 1 rn pT:a j'Bia iirva Sax . rraana "na 1 n 
^nttin Tvn 'p'rsa "nsa B'asrn D'nan ;*3 ,piv 



.192—495 'or ,'K fhn , Tentli Census (» 



man l nu 'ibn nbwi rncnbon nunrina *a , niDfibon b* r*«a 
/ik awn sia ly nainsn pa dvup Kbi nn» *6 . |nn 
CPjafe B*aau |"wn 'an' nrna .on™ D'&'jxa pbya 
csfavn cm , w:be nm inrs n« inyno ck roanp 
-nanba t by Dan hk dp mojb •awrtv* by o'abiym 
. (i »niwcn n» ib np' Kin nwn nanbaa rwmm , dtsu 
p nnn mpo lrjeb i wia mn -ieoo — rnn rfrba up; Dye, 
D'nniBon rven npos Kb nb'bn ba -pDai — nSttn onpon 
SjttTWi manba , n;naa ijpk bwi mine 3'3D D'nainom 
nK na« 0"C';tt jniai ninsro a"ipa nVna naena war 
%njn -nayari baai , (■ "o*snn Q'bya pb win D'i?:i an'tw 
jnou k\-i» nfftt s" , nbyab mayiifa n^-aaDiKn nnsn n»i 
nty-i: ntt nabro K*n O'oys 1 ? , Minn »jbd pan 'bab nnyn: 
rabbi nbya "jed nnab nbru n:aoa naxy rw mayoi u» 
»a ft , naabb anp itk ota> nb e" "WK ,in naa nana bK 
*i»k ,nbya and nb u«j D*»p o"i;y 'a ,aa*n m njnv 
4 (» "n:p'3T ox , ips: rmm dj bai' 
fata , vtv n'jpinc on^n mo new , B«3»n rmara 
icim , ontn nrrarn aiany t by -myb rmnn nnx nan t 
nnpb nsrn mnncATi runo by own 'a ww "AWi jn;an 
o^a oipaa nnesaa rrr 1 jyob nonban «ia» nK pn'3 b« 

.niJ3i 
D*a'iDa a-biaa -pro naern man nit tb« , ays baa 
D'e'aian nibbunn nbnno , f inn p a'Nan d^'ik 'JBQ ny:aj 
B^333n .in nipim D'aysb p-5 DTDsra B»»ian .D'yja^m 
rvnb ddik d*tk»o an ann >a by ; nonxn 'is bya Difao 
D'yiT D'Q' -nayai , dtiips ik onay Tina nbnno , aii'3 
urrv «b o'!?3ian ism ,nib™ nvar 'bya dto una 



33 

HI 

so 
n 



I 



fva'Bjmjipn /yrutennni rpo'rn nruwvm nvna 
-nrm nh -am inx aw p« , it iya it >jyi ^ ,mnnsna 
'nniDM aiany rw trmpo urn* mn D»a . * d i d » i jeito 
i.o'jwoTaap aipa v6u itn* , D'-rrrn niSSiann nK ,aniB 
.ovum 'B 1 ? ,dt6 i^jd itPKi d'dh 'rta cwna w i»it 
i ,ef:ip o^jnni nuip iwjnrn nvjau nuian ,r6«i 

j3i 16 Ton nniDYi aiaij; tnnno D'Kifin 'aa» Syk 
Sk n:noD nmiBKSi o'Tm Ton w it?R , njpojn vp ^y 
^itj' oaB Sa 'a ,o^rn Jirun anion t bpa: om «a , n:no 
ruman -\wx , nvnan 't ^yi lain" eaten 'cjq v:a^ owi 
ym:n . in«n runon b» \rrhvs nanoo manp D'ayaS onwn 
nam cTiinen 1 B2K' aipa nunrwn d^jm ae" -iew , pS-ioA 
ioiy„ sin ,injn ^S ,-»* opn aipa ,n'iisyn n'Snomm 
nam ,"o^s» invn D'oyn p noof> imnnunn nimoa 
, jnw njr6 -na^i iipiri nStn rmitpn pwpn nviws ^anon^ 
■ny„ .q^eeti D'catpn "ine6 piua or™ D-ipin is? iz>na 
ntpy — Kinania — tsnn oipo ^n jnojb inipoo runon pnp 
,^a ^k nV?.Tj ox naa^ oy itptta ranon w:xa in* ^a 
'oipon V nxE-nb dxi enm oipnn ^k rtn> pdj^i runon 
inp^i wwA a*xisn D'awin jmx ie>n , own nx„ . (i "je»m 
rawoi nptn ts pbju nra i^rr kS , "om ^» ip< ■wg 
.-iBDxa .(iD'^yan nm ,f ?a wna jnix lau^owa ,no'K 
orpniattfiD niDipo ^dd a-iinen wia' rrtot "ie»x , ri'^an 
i,ni:2"n on'manD rwi D'aiacn DiTj'jp n« 110:6 ]d6 jam 
-12113,, D1P3 ch?x my: nx;n nsownj , DTan-jionte t^ 
Btpst, .ti'tfii *a^n naaa mpa o'pDVn ^a pa o ,( ?m; — ["a 
cn^nS »'« mn ^p rr,T oni , cxm nin»p jntt nwao 
ojf23 oysa rtrj 1^ njcari m it in* it nisian nnnn mon^a 
nirjynna nm*30i nj]a nnoi? uv/m ikip .nionn cxn 



. 177 ~i;:jf , „Amony Cannibals" , Lnmboltz (' 

. us -nosi , cv <* 



»<■ 



nneffWi raip iv onxn D'bian Tina a'jnnnen untrn 
.nrtnn reran n« bIwr p'oenbi 
mw wrrnrai zh a'pa btrt jvoj ncp t'jSno rbib 
-kpr ,D':itp a'p-ias ,rab pai pa ,nmmajiH vo antpya 
»a , kvd'i piann ton . ern* nvm iy myia» wo ispoj 
aipa rrtuno , nnn urb ly ni-vn d'E'dhd , yir jet 'ttir^ 
IV brrn -nbrt nabinn nu6vpa rwhm manon pan nt«i 
wra n« -pt?an ipinn .abrn p'fen bx yon a-ip* im 
.jjvi in« pa minx nminarK »tan jo oysa oys3 riot 
na *3 ,-o'i .tpi wi , '•sum pan ja rrnrnBTKn b« anpb \rb 
jrnna bin .ruiiwnaa nrnni jyimnej'Kn ^r att> d'wi 
r>2 pan nvi "ran pan *yaa nniyi Sr n»« ttrnnumn 
ttovsnj -ma n» . (» irb ny n3i mTnoa wp ^r anpno 
Biwb D'p'ia nnxn nnstran "^1333 a'RiPjn '3 , nynn wxx 
by Woj nrao rvyaan nrnan 'a,pso b3 pit ,nonab 
. nyiT mo3 nib n? om nniD' nntfpnno raws •** B'ay; 
pnitn ba 'b by irbnnb mm bnaj rj bit ,obwi 
nvnyspn n» ystrnb nwan rrss'issipn '3 ,nbnr\ o'tryam 
♦ ru-ip wv baa rrps nvnb nanx rrnwan nruiwm by 
Caysb '3 .D'yir nivnattbD nibianna a^nn-'bya 'btjD 
c'E-inn nrain ban o'Enn B"n-<by3 ^o -ran airn Toyo 
d i r , i3 an rram nunin b» nysen b3 »ao o-udsji 
o , i3[ ay snrnb niapsb isir Rb nbRn B'-ipaa osa« . B'abtPi 
nvnnn . roiiMt-tn ruTioa naipn wa aay nite»D3 p i»n 
*\n nnaip upr (O'bits'ttk nntspnno onbu cunnn 
y m w n»» , D"nn ^R^n iwri iflT 1 w nine npim njmao 
,*itiri nn«b3 bitt cjit? ,Bnun?n 'Jflb ana owu droits 



tt 'Weisamann and Maupas on the origiu of Death" ,Gardtr.er (* 
.^Biological Leklures Delivered an the Marine Biological Laboratory 
, 121 tiojj , 1890 lUff ; of Wood's Ball" 



•wh , nnx nmpo ax by w inx mpo ax by tnmrh ja' 
^jxx naaffim mm' niTnaa . d'jdth p pi nrxa kv 
p j.ipn'DK a-iyoa ni-onn nnrrw pix *a r njnn d'tsidh 
mxTxai , o'Jj'^xn 'in nx pawn nvu'Dxn b nay nsrx nyn 
nx dp m:aS o"BiTxn ixa i»k npn p , rrVroiKi nprm* 
••sh . fssm uvzib pn ini*en enn pvn ton , Drrntatpia 
pviyi nxa d'D' T33 pin , -janS , (tin nrn p'tnn , i:njn 
,oip» nea naa irxn -wxa , 'a , navya nrtfuxn p I'vax 
dk 'a a^ianp nnvn mxn 'ja Six pn x 1 ? irw owns wuh 
jvu'jfinn "jy woia ijtwti new , ninan . d'wi '^ya 'rvx dj 
c'sbx-'cnx -]paa yawi , , b , d 1 dd , o paya D':a^n oremtrj 
Tnnrai nvrnya mwn ornn-^jn niAann ^5 hje- 
pxn 'atrv nufcenn ^y , mns 1 ? , n:z> nixa -|pmi , a^i-un 
,niiam nnux on 1 ? its' t»h ,Dn«n niyn ^ya a^ipxnn 
man vba *?ax , 1 ;njx lrnnarrti irnnutA cjox man \-ba 
.Owen na'wn Dis'&n bw ]rn6 oj 
tra'Mfi nnamnn mnnsna c"tem:n □ ,, nn nana 
rrta-iun manm ,it iva 11 nrr irMMnapn nruiwsu 
nt»u .o'JWi a'an D'isixa n ^y 11 ni^yisn maan vw na ten 
jriyatpn nip'flWD nn^n t ^y n'yaan mainnm manpnl 
.TVjnjJipm fwrwawi ; nva'C^iJiipn nni:xn 'jy nvB'rj 
n"?« .rowan nnuwi !?p nrawiuip niye»n niysts-a 
' ; jr6 onn a^a: a'syjx jrpVGJ -pn ^»« mo'Jaa nunnxn 
•raei 'yaun pxna iva nurnrai a':it:' □ , p'?n l ? mp^nna p 
.nwiMipn nyetpn nnn nroTasn p-m-an 
nnvna o'c tish 1 ? h^idd nrs n*S3n»ipn pi m^> 
muxn 0: ox 'a ,n , B , : , jn nn:»nnn hyn 'la: 1 ? m-ey 
rwin xb ck ,'xnia ,navp ns ywxb bxn xb rwria 
mai man , ni'3'ar"U:ipn myscnn 't ^j? npinnai ntrinna 
,,-imianan nnam nx pin p^a n^ sunb iin 1 ni^-is 
3iip .jnw aaicn abiyn ay x»oi y:aa ninan xb tpx ■ 
^x p^nrfr , yvaxa n'ji^ran naon t dj 'a , wb isti 



aw 



nt d? ni wjflj -wx , iny-6 tt»x inn ana] a*»iK nvunnnn 
. cH*i omrn atrioS o*3ion nimpon inxs mm lypnrai 
caS hk rnarm -npin iof tos hind nam *jsV -ny 
■ttuiii nx v^j? hd"i trrwcn B'jsixn "wo pmrm jsixn S» 
rroir ^a op mam rhahram fffl Sy ltrx , n'Saixnasn 
anno ,niwmn nrawwiB n"n mo bi ayi D-as-non 
*7E* minn nx nua^ im rsx ':m jsixn -no' 1 Sy . petnfl 
■"T ^y xSx mam nxi3: t6 rvs Sy tc« , TPfTOFti man, 
oaS Sx oa-ra craiinpn d'otxh crvra vria te*x nr t r a n*ia 
nnnn -ivt Sax ; nrnan «n Sy a"mann a"nn nuniv nx 
in *b ,ion k^i piS x 1 ? , earn nS .ia itpcntrn irt nwn 
rn 13 mm , B, raBn 3xen„» ,nta nx-un 'sa ( D'psiDD 
rnn avo rrn nvnanri man firm 'jbS aixn '33 
*6 nunnxn a^tra a: ,nrw ns'saa rptnn aKn 'xxxx 
naa iy nvfti -npr6 rrw n'aa mann npin Six mas 
ncxa a*iK3B an naa lyi nfwn □"jiSix's.'jn amxan o-3i3J 
□T-atrm D'apn . i3i3 x^s bz pn . mann nfafffjnpn *m nx 
no ]Bi«3 amnnanni dxyid nan nx nxaS omya a- 1 -';! 
-jipona rrn iwr vx^no i»x , mpo -inx 3X Sy Ton nwmfri 
, msaon mxr\ • o^nj o'oyS o'eam mrtn T» ^y u*xm 
rnaywD naixn -pbn Saa nnsman rm*n coup o'tra 'a 
o'D' vsb "ny "iip« , nun matin , "3x ma*, rrn n v ani axS 
nny nfnain ,mbv njiax na a-raxa tan m D'3i x^» 
uns» Sax ; unnttn ^-po , ]fiva , |5ia ; 3 mrpn T "?? 'inti 
rrvnn mnnb amiss m: 1 ? nwn rwnana pcnanS o^ia' BTH 
oa paisn nSxn nnwan 'snrt 'a , O'UiWTJn onwan nnn 
pi fiM nim«i nnsa'an pxia mmpn ( -n*flBTpn own 
, ':isnpn 3«na nms *b , rrrs n'n-sn nbetsart 
BWywi Svi D'lain bv inx D3C3 a^niD^ -i Sax 
msnn '3 , Nvct? '133 , mix ^pan nix-xan a^iya ntt'x 
nt ^iQih a^n a'-iaj d'U'jx nnippnn bv o'aysS naaana 
Dies ''la' 1 irx , bwvh , n;nis^p nj'ioa nwx 3is»n , nh 



n 



D'jtjx ib>k ,rbran rnr-u-awn jror m \yzb by kj nSj 
onnjf pki onvu n« isso riea latp nio^p nwwoi on 
ninno: Jfprwn^ wt'i inarmwiti Ijjp o^mton mrmt 
-ia„n Sc win yoon ns ; osn mryoa crppn n;n^ 
ip*k *|Sk cwon np , 1889 ru»a nairfrpw piK 1 ? "on* 
ck ^n D'ptsvi tiyi rutin nnon ^k irk ova insn; 
JtuujijjOI' n« , runntAi ; irk ova on □: , was jijim 
nana vyb wii moown fyprjo many a'ja nnDY 
-nnsy 1 ? nmn , o^p yatp -paa to-tK vu 60,000) yusby» 
, ft na utxaj iri* am 
; rvrnn mrJnMp pi rv»? rmnMip pi ^nanS »< 
ruwinn munaipn ji^j* iTSBHMp pai rawm rwflflp f 
noiba ,nn« ^mipa Kxiaa ninuffoi nwx nruKtm K*n 
n'xrijjipn . inx y»o , nine 1 ? , in -intt nwba , ins oaiff: 
. o^it? dt'Jo w d'din^o mnaffoi dvh nruwvi ton n":m 
-:ipa pnippnwi ontn rvniD'n 'a 'jbo , w n":e>„ n^ Dtmp in 
otQi yfi^rwpnn "ipk ,ne-jip rpwiusp 'is an nwn rvxan 
jT'Jtpm niiiwrn rrvriMipn pa bnann . onr mns mno 1 1 
sb vb* oitpb pnji , D ,i nii* i xan trepan oVtya nwo na: 
. mann bv nayn "n nn j^rvion niprr ib>x npno bs 



onKn-'iai o"nn-^ya nruttnn 'a ,trttn uhjk pai 
p'mViys hk nrjyisn pwix ,n'»nix nrwn naon'-isn 
pnan on innnnn oipoi 'mann papn btn . it n*a xt X 
•vstt , navya minnnn bz« ; awnn yaan imna artyt 
rnannnn -he wn ^"man o'map ni ik nt mpoa ivtt 
no ik ,iYn ,( ?n >t "?y pDibaisa awn nann* nex .rt'paa; 
'l« in nn« owTanrs 'nyKva mxu mann .mwuap 
dj w ;nrw ne'eaa dtpd' ^a D'nn ,rm nneea ik ■ 



.808 Ho? „Aotu«l AMoft" , Vincent (» 



rp'xn paaa D'lnro n^ian tran 1 ? ip'SDni? ip , ntoto hSk 
.D'-UKnon mnss>Bm 
, tTPD-n i>VK d'nvib unjK wit , nvaiaJTUipn nnuKn 
lp p-miiana m:wi pfioaa nvn niaspn onexm twin 
-is?« , into jra pjynon ^3 nm 1 rrwn nrnwn ntt . lira 
n»« , D^jttn 'JS by , oneiiomraiaini omain lampr^ op 
-«!>« D^itpopm D'bnnn -jina ,D^i:nnn 'Vru ipie» 
^yi , iDt-'iex to niitpp tot D-nnnca aw -®n , nnp'a 
. o'on-msip n«np o'Bpsb ima* natr -it?N , o^nn '3D 
moa rrbn wpivn D^nmSpa to rwaanuipn nroatn 
tron loa ,on"r6 Tims D'*iran ononn flu^anna rgmi 
nni:xrra nrva wibsi rffiswi '3 , pso ^a j»« . nteni 
n»iT "iffx , n^run mistn irn vb nty mn nrawuuiprt 
fpn 'D'a 'sieirn ti6 maiaon nwwa DmrHwsi nnswi 

d'Ksid i:n:K nvnDS-D'Dnuoni Q»oauan mitn-^a bin 
ipaonaxoa .niBipcrn B , 30infa3D'fjTOD 11 21IUniI1p-CrTD3f 
or E" hew mapon 'jx onap bsa Disn-'ja taae cbkw 

1DP "fo |'« "lt?K , 'J#3 inK B3E" P1J331 ,310 31*1 IS TS 
DVJX^I 11X3 BD11P 1 ? pi A nvnS ^31' 1BW1 1»p *J31 CIT "?3 

»jb ^pa wonto 1TDP.T? nort>e v'pp mip win f vrja 

o 1 j 1 3p3uJ'«n 'B3» ior6a ntrx , nunwi morgan . nsmn 
nippa • pmin naion ny'paa cra"ja appa Ami □Tp.iTsni 
man a'eps vn ir*iiVpi 'aoAip ,WW? , P' rrjilH ,nn£n 
nr oj? nt lon^i im , cnwi ^aw ^in /p^non-p^ 
£xn . nnee oiirtPBJ 7* s'ixhd Tmn Aa^ nmi: nvnijua 
nvwinn nn*n ,-pp 'B^ ,nni3jn msnnn ,( ?p3 o'apn 
,onto B'ninD'nn D"nn n'jnnnb jb'd I'on apaa n»3^aa*iUip81 
jnw 1 ? iDJa:t? npt?3 , B"-i«m on-'ja , db>->j3 'bsc ^k , ^^ 
.rv'MJKpK 1 ? id:d:» npa-a ,D i JDijn i aaK'^N ik jnj'nsp^fl 
rwacn , Dn'msriD-nixmo o*iwn nK's-" njrin xb pi dim 
«u:dd*«pk3 nniajmno^ ^nva'a^ujip nnvm nw T^ 



..-rj'sai rwan 'T b$ rwtn nwnrn nneu raian 
q ' j ' a b c-cy; an □•p-inn B'-nn-wna an jdt D-iwrm 
.B'mptn D'rona hib , i 'ip'j; "nan trbiajn , D'tfin 
D'lnron o'^iann ntt nnp; Sy Tan^ o'jnv OTioiDni D'nann 
in« poo onex^ in a-trm 1 ? w ^pirn B'Tin-^ya^ -mt 
jvyaon nrnan nttv man-mmta .raw ninxa enn 

, B'E'J 'DlS'Bl W&SH 'D1£PB , B'SPin B'Dlfl'B PI31 fflTiW 

mriM rrpaon rrrnan rbyis Wwa h*wtk -ay ^ao 
new . ewKna Si-un pbmv ^sb . mw niivraa menna 
ieoib n'n «b Hnsm-fiintA nanntcn ffwrrrwoa nui 
few Dvnnn raiton fen ,a*ennn tnvrvan b» b^ra^y 
. -ita an ram-win o^tpa DTon tebo n*n , ennn o^bpxrt 
irmnai irBra mtnfe Erh\2< uru« omatcn niavirm So jik 
naa s^ ia»\Ti nc* o'HJ^TKm o^o-tci , D'uatwin a-ipa 
.np'TOK mno 



nrvbi awn nntannfe na-nn , rrnrowi nmt* 
nwannnri t5 bj a^ain "wona mean , D'enn d'Oicd 
rw« inv ik mna niprrun raitpn miann -pro . rrWan 
, owTS'ij-R uinn nrpafe rrrpeoi pife pta dwt nnijno 
fiicnpoa a'Bnn a'awfe nvrra mm ejr t?'K onannai 
, n'to IE" orr nuiferxianfe e» n»tt , nam nisxvi . wvrm 
'Tp'ji 'w feian nfna;n ,nnj«nn fee win nits kvi 
nnjttnn ns nfeRip: utok tpki rva'rjn nnannnn mixo 
^ninaipoi D'Dn , a , Tj , R nnjunn km ii .rra^a j'-mip 
, onnannn dt ny , Dfei?etyi ni an nt nang i Din' fea anfe px» 
*;a o^aiip d'e>jn nfes pa v dr . nns na'aaa i3E» «fe 
fm ai dn . Wan p Q'Rxr avals Kfett ant , nns nnet!?D 
jsik faa , eyo dki nnx muK 1 ? nanniw ma onuy pmon 
o^w ia ^a rn ciiE-Kin nTniaifio moipaa a^nn-'wn 



iron "'ay ninpno naS naD ipb 'JEa frown nrary 

D---.cn rnaano ^"^ ■ ™,'i -,-:• tW'SI Bia'Bfl Sv ya 
,n;3iVp3'sa BTja^ri 1 iE3 , (fi'ian-rnntta) j's pv 
-non nsao D'ai nnaa , n J » ' t ' k i ? a D"ipixn nttipm 
■ P'S'JR p»w bwwi manai ,Nnni«a bw 



fiapn k'vio ft» n^ysn-na ttobb rrawi roan n« 
MQ^af? awion-ninipBo nx-rn) n'lij'DKn ^>y vnanr 
Sy I'ci'raiKa awn roamn ,- rt R'aan o'virrna . (dwit 
trrJN nut' m "?y awn nioyonn »r$ cj N-aa hitSi * 
*mpimmviK^ awn ^iaj -juio wrji 'sp nnuxi oh 
nron wn «pjs D'icp n-p^n men 1 ipb f n«n junfinap 

nmnno n**" ruttin km bbxj n«tT3 D'loiyi annuo O'Wfc 
nau ^ya "Am nmann 1 ? nan iaini ,aw,i bv o"nn-r 
pi mini □"yaan c-ixrr-ja ^xmi n w m*^j3 ^xk . nun I 
npca ,om«n mpnto fl , 'nn- , 7ya my .nrnwa rawt 
DJpon bar ie>k '2:0 inv oaipa o'ovwnun *»oa nsvt 
., cpirn .TDipia 1 : fyoap nnwn nnux oaipB otitis? , n«£>' 
, B*J*o»ian , 6*5715— ffiNrr'ia 'pun b^£» mm ovun bi\ 
jyo n-;a nioto ron-ase nmano— O'wm.uiin ,bw( 
tjsa nsno yih many is ,'j»n ^t niiannoi irwn 
rmnfl -iVM , Dmax bya vym lnjpo cy oiS mmi . |byj 
rrnaiyn -aSuo nnx maiy K'n ,rnn«. by lib mew 
d'cjk nnv . nirwn fea D^aiKnesn caatp n fcrit nvwc; 
tSWO s3,t^, .B-DDimn o-oyn f?vn pi ,aij> ( anra on'n 
■jy , pwinn nnW nnin , nw, njp Saa caoun o'tHW 
nixiKn iKir 4 ? d'iedo.1 . nnn.H nin»6 dwp ^nan awn 
— rwrna ;» — n'W ;aa — n^u'N 120,1 — n^ouo : 
, 6,1 — neist ; S2,2 — rpji ; 3*,i — pia* ; 1 
'mann papn ^yo mana ie'n ,m*nwm D'ran 
orb D'B'an , o-Binn on'matpio nioipo bx o^jnena , bnr 



•mum , run Van p o-ksv vn mayo D'oia pii , natrt napo 
law r6iy li'K ra -edo ipx ,nm» av mn utra ana 
,o*w naa ni rm 
•ifiDoa aicn ma-mo rrowrn niaipn nwtyinn pa 
-vbz |bim aiVrxwan nx nj'ayon ,mt* pi p* 1 poi^aim 
i»s ,\yD2 nnnvo nipin nrcian nw icm ,"*?vdk 
niDoano) n i ' a ' a ' a n 1 n a « apa jr6 K-npS o^TS' una* 
irmn , di <anp ^» D'xiap |n nton nrmxn . (on nsnp ^y 
nianco n^w "invn rna-nan !?y .tron fe nnn ne i «a 
nnspona naittoa rrinaa rra'a'an miaxn p« ninnsrrn 
■jy .jwicin man-snai inwKi p-ttna mainnn nyaiBi 
'a»o innn awn 'nskv ntt nspo ten nrnaa mr nana 
fiopenoi namno km inva rmaan nanan ^>y . inn nnn 
ippa nnipp imp ipsk oipo D'B'a ipk , niai ninapo <jy 
D'lnwa o-aara *?a« ,rrrmp vn k^p ipsni mm nnatro 
. manyn w»a *»p w oy w nppna 
nnuK on (i niwani omam ^vra,D^oan ma&ia 
p naa nyi 1 ? D^ia* wk laaa 1 ? pan-6 .nwowu nwjfgi 
myai triflxn nipn^a ,o'ain mya p' rwaan nnannm 
\:n njnr nanoa *a ,pso ^a pit d^ir .D'parn wnrHtn 
.nvo'a'jn niiUK^ ma-p 
nfUHrwin *>p ma^?p invn nisoann en oixn-'aa 'Bap 
. naipn 'dw Sy otEana o"mann Dm*n 'no ^a . rwjyfi 
^a crowrtn a-pai .mtsb^n nixisa oir^i oik 1 ; Va 
, nvava nmaw nVna moa on , nsa bi n'anv .iSrip 
jaiaa nrtray nmatt an nnaain ,rna^r« ,.T^iait 'arp 
?ro o'aiPRin 'piiyap moa na ,ioi!>a n^on ^p arm 
.(»D , inpn , DT— aui-innai frnaVrit m— o"apa ,.T^aaKcn 



. Oca , s»v» Cl nvitta} 
„KatQri] Eeiiie!i!pioT, all the World Akin", Eondall l 1 
■ 18SB niB- ,Bpw ,IM 112 , Tbo Nineteenth Cei 



ttnrf 



i»jo , ai»vi n« D'fi'pan o"nn 'nana mf?n km mpyp 
on '3 ,pio laxya -ipk ,-\m j?u '■jnitf hod nwn irrjr 
moa in'Ss' t6 , b*733 man n'jnni nr:au ntfnjro d'J'bvd 
nwT«3 no 1 f ^na^ ,'Dtaoiun .quip twin 'pbn3 rms 
iws&wn t^j ijnni , ir^um rum , n'aanjpo nis^ae jik 
ntrp nnafe'W bzx ; rmarrnimM bj nroi noma nmaa 
]be ,1 > -van laiyn jnn o^pun op nonten ntpp3 -nop^ ar6 

tTJlSJ D'lTD .IP3 1 "PIR . 1ET IPX HiPPD ^33 Q31T ^7 

ntt c-mpan ,niaipDrrnam wVran ,*tipm oinn me^na 
D'BinnDi *inn bn nppana , Dipof? aipaa "najri awn ^w 
ninnannS -nn*a ffWion □■wi-in an n^x , na-:a pun -pn b* 
me^n m6on nrraxn nixixn . awn -pjk aSa r^ipBrnrp 
nrx jrrmifl '3 ty* , pfy> mttwa jron* ^a nxiaa rrmoni 
.D"nn ntar^as trmyoi dthi o^rcj caw 1 ,-pjra nai 
iw rfViperrron Si-u pVn n^au Druam rmiian wisn 
far-n nan rraaa priori 'nnann (napn niaipnn .marsi 
. o"nn bv ]irsin 'nann pissi npfiftTO na^a^ 
fopn n'vio i 1 ?!? n^iparrna imaa ruirtm aasn n* 
|ot -|tpaa D'lVwi D'l^n naca . laaaa rnitaw niayn bv 
mv wvira |ain inw ymz avian naoa bv Trpn pit 
.ni3nn St? B"nn"na ma dm ia iid^ mo - n:pS un'a 
mnnannn ansa xxa; rvn^n T pa^ama ru-mon aw ^3 
irmam rnaa nnr ibwc rwp: D"nn-nor6o 'a ,maipmni 
■0 ,nia trcvn .nvnbipa 1 : am -mr na r6 nxirio rppatSI 
w mini ,pr«i jbn "pnn ana pi^awa □•ainan rawon 
tvjgj&n rrrron w y mans im th* ^a ^» mnan niotnrrf 
tol»B ^3pnn mai .ait-a rnarvr'PJK naca niainn 1 : 
•s^j ,cnv:a poi'wiKn iaaa3 a'ainan mum '3 r n»B(S 
mferwn nacca lain' tt 1 ? il-k m.11 o"m"norAoa ,V;nn 
cawn an 'a jKiffK nn .abiyn p bk 1 ? ^n 1 ? onaipi D-ravj 
. dtto^oih lacaa o'3ina a:n , im in ^aa ip« , nrann is 
j-oi'raiKa a'3-^na D"avrxn D'a^'n vn nnn nam iipana 



, bra vwb nbma hkih pun rw iijf n»yn nmuMfai 
ffWH ^teo ■mi' 1 ? na oorvn icoa rJ 1 »■> to* m 1 ? bM 
.,-iya-na hdio ^ 
mra 1 ? nyirwon pxn n»n jwi pinn |o roan -jenn 
Vtr Biro A'ck cano ne omivi D-Dwan , nttcn Tn«n-ipo 
dips nnojn \ f nv pa-inca anoi ai nnwi "isi man p 
Dies ,mwon-ip t by *i»m nioipon na^o eSijra opo 
ram . «pinni ppn ~ paw ni;rin new vh obipa oipa 
rim Biio nn is ^a — mpm Qinn .mm D»Jn , mom 
maia -p ^3 nmoni nwbn ptt abiya oipe diip31 , dibbd 
p&faiitn isdb nainn mm pxa . (* wnn nm;:n nmoa 
,1890 nw iv i79o n:u'a ,runnnn caBn-nae i»Da nVjn 

. X'J 69.591.637 IJf 01M CS: S.9S9.21* p 

, neiNni p^pmn yaaa can D^ian a» novy nttrn ptta 
nioipoa nw *b maa ait?'n aa aSsnn nSm c^-ann »i&j 
dm new by catm-n iscn n'n , bvab , i89o n:E-a . traw 
nixai pei *o:n d'hydj dw ictt , r6 D'aieon mnnnai 
D'n v ty n^uprr toim jnyano kd-ie 1 ? e"« 21,5 ,av6 
69,5 — ejieiTB ninnoa j/ipano wc^s 1 ? 71,4 — 'caStata 
mnnoa ;o"b^ *o,7 — winn n^::« isnoa ;nj?ana kcibS 
moai oipen-naiaa D^iann .^o-sh 25,1— D«o"jsn oroann 
. awn mjfiBnn "w on oj ijpcwn oinn 



awn . i*yi poen Aa D'Syie mnmn na^aDm aitr'n 
3^p3 mix -jsini nraon be Tfaon -iE»iyn n« npi^ i 
ipk , nVips *jt? ns^ , D"n' bv na^ tnrowi Droivan] 
'Ann ia*i win nViyerrna mnnenn . mam 'ti iDDsn 1 ' t 
^3n f anrn b» nrarmm nvjeun mSuoa nyiv name 

. IS 1139 , DV (* 

. K'D moy , '« p^n , Compendium of the Eletont Censua {* 



jroitt naian in ; nniSDWi -a 1 nnwu tip -mon 
-•b^k mo vuyo ie-k , cmirr D'ynn 'oar o'jpo ,n*o'iBn 
d'oSk-'sSx nio nayai DTam D«"nnn nDH*r p *BV cb'tk 
rranyan n^-ffimtnano w ; P'errwn mnwr m aiy t rr 
ryn oyn na trwn< Kb a^iy ty iipk n'yaoni namn ]»TKn» 
o'Kn i:k nSo nunni , (i tjitqi mtoa iro^iaa by atfrrr 
D*yiapn , rraiffitn np-.-axa mapnrm nyun nytpa dj naS 
-nunnn to awn raits rm ip*njH nanyn btjd hk lat? -raw 
(•a -ie*k (faion to mo n:e>a nnia'B^a rnion nnntttfl 
^3 ^>ao pMiiwnn ism ra»a BTiBtunr* P 1 wi 
, n»3 Dinnan dtut nape 'ten -a ; no 
tfjpn'BHn ro-wn *pSn Sa ayaa trtJioo o^pttn nnea 
kwpnfrt a-iun ce» Sia 1 aipo Saa *6 bsn ,dikh w 1 ? 
-n-na!? to "Bmrr'mtori nvpn -pi naiyn ipn p n;iey 
o:k to *amn rrtpn ny asrai jiTymuwi t«n ny ayoa 
na ppn iw« p« ny-wra thb in: nront *ipi nppaw 
caaan nnjrn na ^a ntrp irtt na *nnn a:i a*y:i am 
cpaian-a'-iEn p ,n*n ^a mAo rtijrnny 1 en nms 
man hi nttbn pK , d'emmi nrvn pK , D^Mwrrjrtun itfi 
^a "WPn K'n . njmAi nty-inS rftaiBO vba tos , 210 *>oi 
IWiS pauan onsn rrfw ttia* nS new , naaiE" pa„ trovi 
Annan 'atra omnn 1 ? b^bo pt6 n-nn *>un .in'a n» na 
■;?a atom D-aam p pa rvh* flfly "itrx maiean 
ni'-.ns'a , naijfD~noTn , nmn pun p pirn x 1 ? . (> "0*swiei 
oWn nanaa Train iainn xm , noowi nam ram 
'na: tV rwon |*PTn*ono a-.yaa myrwo N*n , cSrai 
itrx aipaa ,rnjp_ nnia;a natraji lto^-pirpwi Hv ewnn 
l^in nannp aipaa np'cpa ->■■ , c-^a ^ ,-i"oa yia nam 
n»ps?nne i»B« . ^a mso ;-a^« ik u'w^ nj; pss\ "ijroi 



„Tho united States of Airier.", goiiler, i' 

.12-11 'DJ 'K V 3 *S"Sl>»l"W t« 



vy ncKno mn oansn .nnra □"-rrm roiuon nrnwi 
ojpmmA trarmm wxrn own niAsnn by m* rrvpa 

nrnto i2E" np'TDiu d^twi e'eheti . BWfWiB moipoVi 
ym maaa ipvnn orpvr'ipi 'E3» . aiB baa manai ntSOV 
'Datp .nroa nrn 1 nnvi n'siawin nnmii -i»r ,r6n> 
tub lacaim iamnn n"rnann DrroiT tmt ,o 1 : , ap:i; L, «n 
e-aipin niKiKi Dma njwj'i ny mraai ;i£xa .prrww^ 
n;iw *catr oa . DTibyie -mm oioro on dj rn , anyoa 
i ff B H rrraiypa train , np>opg pxa D'ptsfKn , 's'o'dd'oi 
. ubspo nx D'jidxd its pt*a n'prijni ]Bpra D-"KDn 
•upo ick laosa D'a-irt craarni twi&wn 'oat? ,nSx noiyb 
13-ina xb ( mcei»i main .imsc iatr -am r ;rvwp *rft 
. miabipn ^ nwnon n'nnna nin dim iy nmwi piaawa 
p'dk , np*"ifln 'ny aipa an 1 ? kixb^ -;2'£t< ibxa numati 
nwjjrnirtn*) nvwaon .nniBn rcnnxn pi . ir'naDim 
ono itrx ,o«mann D'lropn m'lnS naDn vn irmafl 
. lab cyiTn cbnan capri d-bti -[traa innsna 
BWP rnrnaa ■o'J i22"ib Dips bx wann papn dit 
P/wiwtk'j nxnolrirDDuaii a'ODiaan cnsgn rnabenn -pno 
naa bxx mnnn jwtnn bwan pupn . cnvnamo nmipaSi 
niMD" , j73i? -itrx naian nbetprrnB-iH nniM , pso ^a , aixn 
nneip Dips D'ESir na "ww nam ^-a njuwi na~K b'Q 
•os "?y D'anyi arrnnao nan natf baa duwiti , ditjh ts'd 
. irwax ,- in3 wa' iph pirn iirnpn B'an nn nmiisj 
IBW*3 nbeu nrrn x 1 ? caw wtot iirca ips ,md ttu nypa 
irca . am baa yaano nanus km d; nrvn oi^an nypao 
oirna , caa: nrnan mypa j'ci'jaut 'ui.a nn'a mroxo 
-mo yaai n'^Mfi maipon yaa pa Siann ai nc ,(ip>mi 
.oiKn ^13' w^ o'jiyo nffx ,npn3xa iu-n nnnp ^vun ^>inn 
raw ^ a'3D D^nj catc" wins* nn mnA , 13 mxnrt? 



i , Alias Uit Yulkerliiinde , Gcrland rwi 




DTinn pwrraiK 'ira isdo ^y ; D'aipjrm D'trrun niea 
■"3 ts„ ^3KD^ D'^at? or6 srpa 1 ? QTi ''sin 'je ty o*ovi "sa 
Off in- D-2i nrvn ^aa ne row iew ,naaipn nifi^p ffl 
njnflaan nrjnj mua; 1 ? nmyo nr» "wwi o'jt nioxy 
. emia o*n '□ nau ty ni^ipni Sru new ^j? ejinn -pitA 
*a ,i'y nvna!) .trVnrrJ rrn ie'sk i^nn nwejnn 'a by 
D'Vyian ciMn inv rfcsa anpaa djh nfetai nmpt 
nnvi «b ram n^nn d*?i» ; nvuKJvrj -cnb nntonrf 
^*apa nnn man bbxi o*D:a;n o'erPanawi isoa , (i npiiY 
, nVnrun . mann atra mpoa -iwt rumen moa a? owns] 
j-iieaa , ^nn *sh- t ewsai n^sai D'mi n'train ,cnutti 
npao2-"n!>a ^ax ^'E'jk n»^» i« d<jb6 irnm n npa 
^t? note nna»o w ix d'jc ix -irixa-D . a^t? f iapfj ^a 
xinipaa Trot nx jreffDn Dipa nrx o -i ?JD D'QiTam'H 
hedoi ,o"inxn oj twin nipan ^>x mr -bbn nb2b^n 
Tit rfwa onpoa rms mux 1 ? crawion cpon'annci 
•rua tpKJi' art* nwnn ox ,xn irapo ojosi b^prb 
nxin nVaprtn n« .ywa oipenw nwson maa bx T h»rn 
tmaaji a'esiwifl D"w maa nrni nrnoa ffHoa un« 
pWHiaawn naaa roaarvn mnemsn 120a .jiion nmpaa 
—did 13DD oyn 1 -ww nav ie?k ays ^aa vrp ix r6ip 
jjnVi B'ip:i o'imk *abxa o*TBan D'an Eroyete jawa ,dti 
dm K'p' n»N njja , rvViaoixa . p*wo D'pn nn d/tsjuAi 
B'-inn '0xi Si? nwwa b'itwj , DT:m ins ud n»37i ^k 
CD' iroa inn 1 ymnsrb cK-i 'aion a'scxna ciay ^ani 
. i« DHn« 
d'dpti ma'viB'n icx ,1'D^aixa manon nnann 
'p'jna jSa ninxaa 7173 -ma; n;^a^ ^xk rwun d^r'v 



. 807 'oy , Anttopology , Taylor (' 
1 phn , Horthneat and Westom Australia , Ore; (* 

.3T9- 



.n*ilS>tinBtl * 



lTTlW 



RWffiffl *mam papn to "wpm orm rot nwft un» 
B*fl)^ piV |DTD'niED»no myrr a-nvn .caoircn d*tojbi 
. -nvn ik mm nam , Dinn nyecm win ikb ly d^tu 
rwran e'kysj bt» WDpna ttjion D*iwn ntxapna D'iBVfl 
B*"!raiwi rraipos ik tram nwjfts naipa w an 1 ? a-a-am 
, nioipan baa nw wx nx;n nurapnrm . a'jpn raaob inn 
11 : o a-icvn atrial ma' moa a'aia moipart ia iA ■: 
iO»xny 'apa muano pvnajrt nutan nnos .iwtfl 
fiiyum cnan "Jj ; nui» maap d'isv 'Jpa— msStn u$ 
, iancToqM , yrabwm) b-B'b S» creSx *bSkIj rhpo a'lni) 
D'Mtm ,nW>~n« <b^k linna 1 own ttfnjon mairfll 
. rsn Sn nr? nxx 1 ? dhuj anru o^Dxna a-yaan D'a^au 
•arv„ ^as , tap nx na^ inx ^a a;en an 1 ? tnia owai 
vtyi cv »'H 'Ten xe-aaryjaa a-xa B'tnran cypfl 
onS iin^t mm yioA B'Sru omyS -pirn nyica D'BBWW 
aiyoa irtt .emnan owon . *aasna^ a'ann nioipi^ 
nmpa ianna< iwk nya ,amy cm? a'sapna npnat^ 
nam nrw ntou mana csTDiai , ommaffia niaipoa nor.sr* 
, B'tywrw nya ,irui b'dtib ,nnt? ,nny can *?y a^ano"*" 
Bnnrw nman nman a-acaa nVST'iaxi a^'yaan-o^innril 
■"B ^y d'ti D'aian .ana o^ctim nx aysa Dyaa a'ana^ 
yrr isbbb lama ana inx "?a ib>x ,d.^tu a'ir;a STfff 
aim nj? ,rvma wa ,tnx did mmn nnn niDia Vr 
t 6"injtnnj c*3Dxne an ,ai;ia -:s by ib>k at?yn ir:"i 
.( 1 inx ninn *jm B*iaiyi ,-inx .Sa b-b^k rnffy iy a'cVB^ a-Siyn 
nni*^ nsnn 1 ? B'jwian nx rriao m:i?on aipa 
/DTinien, -nu iebb fjy : dj n'jjns nasi; rum naan . nod 
,B-B'ir onS t'pa 1 ? n^icaix niaiya aipaS nipaa b'vb^i 
-nn ••sew , amnn 'ina isdo by ; Saxa^ a'sici cy^n 
,wm trfljms ,b':^k ijia oe,'B3 nx a^a^aan amyn 



-700 H13J loc. cit, .Krapotkia t 1 




-n'MTD^ nimannn 01 Sa« ? wranryion !w tfjfwswi 'J*a 
,^'JYl tuo O'kvt O'wn 1_ i3 kti -is;n n-pSnn in yj 
jewn mea p fr nr riaffl nata . invi ini' ip' wjh rurjrti 
?p atwuT kS "n?tt ,rpan . aSipn |o eyoa naps? "iai K*n 
o'Tiian «n . ^m tuo k»v \vm hw 'rbi w ^np nr* 
]d D ,_ i3T on ns D3 ^ax , rpiarrnunKa nrna ouiru i\i 
o'-ipa iaa 3»t- opn 2«St? opoa .raAju nimoa Eftlfll 
-own Wna ;*inn ms »sj sooo rrf? c 1 ;no nnx Sa -iipk 
*"Ejr rnru iwea , enpa opn 'xn naa am *auhrn 't:^ 
itttroa 1890 ,*wo na'WTi v 'sp .Tunrwn ffniwn no*Pi 
rs:; -npi *i^k nxa na nn» ^a ,onp ra rVTarrmnna 
; nnx ^aa irs: i)^n nKD ip n":a rn D"iy wa 
o-pa-'i S]S«3 ;tp» n"a ip rwaara ~ zr.n z—; ra»3 

D'S^K nilD» IV HIRO POm D^KO— D"l£31 HITS -J21X1 

d'b^k ip «i^nn rn ansa rns6e>i o*p»ni nxoi B*staai »■« 
.fnnx "raa dim #m rrxo ram 
^a ■»» D'l^n imatrnn yewi 'mam papn rna 
jrawmra , mnnennn nutia ^a ^yi D^nn-^pa t-o 
nnn vsjn dp e"k aruwia oittrrva* npra dj .d'jixti 
nrf-vn rnSn , nw nines in nnx n'a'a n*BJ npsrn 
.np'irn *wnn on rbibsn r^.p^ .na'aen paoa mum 
ns'Eaa trh injn ^» »'»« onanno cnwr^ai D"rrr'^> 
on'Mfr D'anpi o'jaio d'3t □"paa nuitoff nioipea pi nn 
B*R»m □: Sa« . ri^p: Syi n-ca or B^vrh , ipso!) , upbkb m 
nrnnn-nxnt: , vuwn avcm o^pun j'po , annun D'3ix*nti 
.nnjKPnn "?p nvio: n^ps 'pips'? c^ia- ,Dipan~naui 
□; w ctppi inx o-pca D^'pai a ,! :p a-nn n» onwya 
.inn oipca ona-sK-n^a 
o^ia* n'B ^?P ipk , naia -mm mm an naixn nra 



> J 1 S 1 * S 1 B fl -TIE' 



my .D'onn na immm ipk nya ,n>6D nnvi nmso 
, dh;v St? Svu, kSk tvn xb ntt-ia^ar jsixa o'jwt ^aa nrn 
. (i "q'Mp man 'n» i^dj *ipk 
nine bv mun p»m jnnn fe 'inn ,wm r>e«i 
omy ruuwi h-ok nianya enjsS tp' -ny , nun-inn d'jeti 
nsai neiTK many . a'*ns d^oji omen , o-did St? trSru 
-"jam Sk? cnnn rmaaa ,nny oj piy naina-imt bj^ij 
o'ty , o'wn , nrait , niS-w my^ njna mope , "nennn 
my v tr'jHJn nrnnn-^n "?a ■nur-oa . tfyae a'B*33i 
finite nvm nicaia , o'laay b» jrSiri D'asro nrn ova 
^yo 'rSa iiy is^n k"? ana'an dS£»o a> ivraaD-ftBga 
BttVWtn np-nsto rrcK 'amca -ck onpvi .neita *jfl 
, a'aj'P ,0'anjtr ^,oa2g§JJjja"v omy °i' n "W omao 
D'Boxnn D"3iasn d^'kh -owpvto Taos ps rrnam 
vrv -ny pssn nii'ix nrpai , c^nj omyS nny dj -ny 
coin DirpiKn 's-.n . isa o-ai "vs-^yiiPi e^poie ana my 
Crrjfi 'Jton "ny o'n'ravirai ,ovr*ah3 my pKiro nnyaj 
n«"ip yet? 1 ? Kfwnrft niek pi* r6x bs nns .caw dteq 
nvnn pan nciy 1 ? nisnan mnn tsdd bi no, : ppaisnp 
i nrmann 
pa , ab^b ma itt 1 ttS nn . owmaS yaua cj jai 
an ,, n- , :<:n ■]« ax , i30'n n^yote nta pai 'yaan oavoa 
.nmaoixa ipn omun omntrn "inj , capina qai 
npmatt nxpa PKn*neitf '3Pv ,npnEK3 ie-k DTasnarr 
enna an rvJisxn mAanj rrepa D'oio^pDRm mar™ 
•man pap win ana inn Sa San , W>a D'yiap vAai a'atap 
, nosai . nnntt mnspo ">p pap , nten St? *nowi taiaa 
pi 'itpax nan an rrviv nyr ^ai naaD ,£ ?a amia "n 
mcipoa 03i , D'picy c-k-ip n'x ^'a'ltn ia nnan naap aipaa 
craja fBO py n'Knab inv f pie3 ( iffi nnnan or 



'30 




, an*6i cnai 1 ? omm bz nt bv nr o^sinon , inpi rw r*K 
pa pi ww icipD ,n^>ipo rrn »6 n?a d^ip ,ytfc6i pnpS 
. D'-ipab nienn "pjn Sa»n„ trim* -ivn , nvijwnn nimfanr 
rip tea ^anen 1 ? triia' i:n 13 isw , n 1 h ' y n D^ipa 
nptn real bbx o'Tin-^pa 'jsk mitt owi ,npe» Saai 
nieipni troirn to *?30 iko opa pi w to . man "nb 
on 0*3103 mm nntpn-'^pao nam rrstt . 1A o'piTn 
-nemo D"nn-'Syao *?njn arm oji urrran D^n-'Spa 
. rnann wma w bz 71 rm»n 
m» niKO nain nntc , nnp up iipk , trpawi nnan 
piann 1 ? wbiy uk , ncw-pana ntpawo rpxr'ra's S» 

BTW O'B^fl pi ,(i ppBlfllp b& 1XB3B 'B 1 ? , p , BIT^R 

. cfaw tpxh 171 iipk , o^nm cvronn D'xiapno o'^r 
up m D»3j , Vwn nnb nape o'pinran ,ounwn d'TT3 

nnp ipk ,D"n-'^j?3 Sir mSii3 nnan inn tpi tj* '3b 1 ? 
rn B'awmn ci;yn .1331*013 jnm txS iS'SK 13S nirp 
poj Efwan iSSid ifftt , maiTKi mam mSoo dip b'kyis 
PnAon D'on rm'ya t Sp . iedd j'n nun "itroa i.Tn 

^fllS'K ,0*3ir3 'Tip illDlEa noYW HOIK D'OPSS O'Kll ffl 

apo no-inn ':s Sp nisoS nvi -iipen-'kb' iy„ o'axn nvar 
by FTiHtifln nvnn mapyi ; nrm rreaa S'aNnS naa 

D'Kll UT1JM IPX , D'SlSDffl D'anin D'aTWI DfflKa 171 nDrWfl 

O'lTpS o'EDsna D'3aSi o'lintr d'nid im on , (» 'D'lpJ 3'H 
;ti; is in ni'f* nn« n-si333 napS naa ike ip o'Snj 
%» »wn pp ns ica iipk„ o'jiya nnaa B'3V nipn^ 
^jkipo 131a nnn D'i3ir3 nwjn vn jO'vpn •?■; mjS ;nna 
fin 03 .(•"pin iPD Dn ,! ?p lap iV«a D'vpn wn:» ip 



, Nineteenth Centnry «|B«3a , Mutual Aid Amonc Animals (' 

. JuS -u-V ,16W WB ,Dai31 .ODW XXVII 1 
. 166 iioy 1 *p3 , The Winning of the Woit Koottowrft I* 



•H' JlSl'll 



.BTuiTTn cvnann nnwi 



. worm svm 

— ,mrrn ba Trasn c-c:a c ,L h2: D'-mann nnwn ba 
■■•n:2 ate itv -rh "ira , pro p ^y ."rnann sip-n ► 
f (Bs<jMe»ie , jjnypb^yaj aitp'n -pnaa "jnn^ 
Ifl^ipfi ivo p "TIK ,'y3cn intra in wvjivti iyo ; 

. ncion vski , 
rrmb cimna croiranrit V» nwapnnn is nuapbnnn 
rtt n- L s "pippr o^roi wasp a"man cyiapVi ni 
insna rotas awn nw -iiprr; un»ja , rawma 
raw nj'w noutn 'jb "?y DiKmaai nvnn na^ts' . * 
,na^ »•» b ( s amiBoi D ,_ inson anna D , owa , -n , K * 
cTwrr'ni a'TBT^pa D'aiPi 1 , bbzn jo owv o-aya *ia* 
/rotpaa rn» nr« jnvofjrin mo tb>k ,nnuK i 
rnnnenn^ 'man win ten nyiv moannafon . 
on m*ijnnnm nanitpan mtyn , QTiyn ^n f>att ; m: 
niaa NSKsrywi aipo-aiTp »■'» aipea p^ o'na'stt c 

D'snav rftya,, rrn nnfe Sya yaan nnf* by »ion 
,oinoni Dioion "jirtt bra -py i 1 ? Z" °ma rnann c. 
,yaan ntt V?a n'y-m rhm o'JHKn p« , uaa!) pattlfc , 
btdbw. inyn 'jso vs am ta mneon cp-nic buz t 



vty ,*mr "»jn ;mn« nao lrvra nystrioi n"jp nao 1 ? > 
/iron iv-npon naon Km wnn paean t6 ok , insy^ -reft 
. mann "na ntyisn , nrnvn 
jptf nbt*7\ tnain ba ua^m man* ipk 'inn pi 
,.TTwnn bv nunnsn mbspfi w niyb '«pi a^TOflfl 
jwnn »im pint omiyo dhbidji rn manp a^opa^ ' 
jvin into "inv w— opjjiik imam ten no •ttFS/fl 
ipk manb rn n»"»is D-orvo aa-nn itt mp^a 'yao 
by fwwi nawm ?j*p nrtt n^ pvi .rnao ipn ,nTJOT 
i njpffi m rh jnn |r6 nionm iSsn r ' 

i pan ^wmon ^toTKn n» on mann 



wn pbnn bbab nioiain w , rrnvn rrhmn wttia 
mbiyen rp nvmin mWn nu«rm ,n"jibvxion 'pbno 
nbtt ffOTffi ffp'rni awnn ninan iW ib« , niflnwon 
mnnennn papa m'pnn ub iram dn . mam "na nb« bp 
froTi na ttbi mteiroaip *iai ten maipnnn '3 , nvrunii 
o'Ton D'wts iKia' nr by 'a , nmnb a'msia jvta , *nba 
]eim ,'Jibia'DBn ouin b» wn *pyai Bbman eprffe 
"na nvE'Bjn nibipen -pp nbp' nD'ip mann iSnoai? 
nioipnnn p>pb Tin's a 1 ? aiiffb irbp p bp ■ inn nnv mann 
bab hub cnTit n'ruw »m pinto saaab yjua . rrmann 
iKia' i»k jD'Jii'nn D'UPn pioa inw panb nya: 
nrcrinwDn nta bx udit oms *i»« ,mann "na 
mod -«p« loyya "DUBn oxnsn pica dn 'a , nownn 
Dvnan lai by nibtcn n« nnab naa . d'ijwi b= 07311 
-iE-K , niunwnn nibiyan nx npnb em vys&n wahfl 
D"a';an D'-nbn-Dsn a'p'jam tnirnn a^yaan ninan ibye 1 
, nwwn n'nrai njjaan nrusnnn mno fin , nbtt by nb« 
. D«mann o"nn bpi 'awn by rujaon nruttnnn npatrn me 
a*pinn i3i bp nbN&rn ':ab 107 jlbwian n« kxoj na 
wwr npibna nb'on ibk ,nbttwi by .rnann "n3 maom 
nwinnnw ok naxb ,mnon ni'pnn obipa b':*in n:o 
m raton nuvrn bab D'snwo trpn npatpab □"bsitiDn 
pi n'bp a'lffnb p« b3N ; npwa mayb "itras 'k , abiyn 
a'lffnb naa . naba worn mann "na a'pn mitraie -mi 
bpiaa nioi rnann "n 'a ,n'3inb vrn nttjn nbiwn by 
. nbxn D'pinn nibipa n* msinbi d'cidd a-pin nyawsb 
urate im« iffK jDvbs'xiDn nn'nan pn nn pipr6 »m 
,-nanbo pin /in dji jiTJibrxicn 'wya ^ipy pvb D'awwi 
ns JibrviDn D'e" nsin na»bon am 'intt .n'btt'i'icn avpn 
nn« 'triiNn pvin nivia .niaDn 131 by rc\bvx>n b» 13^ 
mab jibi'Yian yit , niann "na d"i:ip rnaaDon rnamt 
,iDxy niffia nbyisi nnipo aaeb (ivin ns aicn 1 ax lovyb 



yv nfnwn ipnoa npoiyn iwlto'jram , (o'-m-^pa aipa 
■ n'j'jiKiin rrai^vsriDn ntnpa nwn nsipnn 
fiuw nvman nnoo rtrmni ^mnon bstm ninnonn 
Jiinnennn rrmn ns an'aa urns oro Sper .o'aD'on on 
!w n*3*JisnnJKn nsipnn tra nttr . n * an a « n 
rraiSi'mon ten rh mnpmn rraiVmom ,miannm 
. n'a'j^Di-injKri 
nmvn "jy rsco kvw wii*»na ^trx-ion ^awn 
DiN^n , ta»n , nnstpan m "fitv , nnannnn ^» nvyaan 
mnnsnnn Sir n ' a ' a i a n te n n s 1 p n n km nst . nym 
.-Triuiiiin n'ai'jvviDn n^apa Trhxi , nvnarei 
cap 1 ? o'lnvDn D'oisSm caattrt niaainn .nan™ 1 ? 
, mann-'-na nany nrnann noma , ma^DD^i abni a"ano 
rnpipn nmpoa rrwrvfcfl nwnrxm , nam miajrnpAn 
SpJtti iiia ntwv moa psa pofamn mawn ,n"pao;i 
naipnn K-nnxt . ^jcvion bae>n Se> rrmpio"! nnnsmi 
,n * a ' a 1 o ' i n n 7 a i b v 1 1 d n »»n nst . n ' a ' a i a v 
"ion brisn Spi n^s'vrian n'aan bv inx- "nop aaa 
mnsnai na"?in mann 'a , ai^raiKi "ipin!? rrav ^jck 
pan 1 ? ia^» ppa nt'sai Jirorm nan pro n ,bzx ;nctO 
pinmenpnnn azno intwfaanaw o« , nun rnoTpruin n« 
ns-nn , nam , rrn na . istb ^a nina vfta awo W23 
opinn on no , opa "71? ntnin rh ft" am ! vftffipnn, ntan 
»ia' axi irrtn D'Q'ttnoi c'rapon mann "na nnaiy-ni 
tq^ T.y vby n'jsn □ , pinni nnaipfi man 'T 1 ? aiVrxion 
tnavtrs wn D'naaaa natsio n» na:S , nianpnnn yaa ns 
. -iffifSKn ?aa amen nx Sbaa ixa?i 



i?by "E-s ,ni3i»mn m'Ji^vvffln nitam jn ibx 

,nvatpn ni^x»n Sk nasa ana ao\n jniR maSi iiprb 

. iff navi nroam maaictf 



nvni bv urwns , •hwtvxi bsen «a , km nawnn 
n-aa , r-"iT:-irx.-! bs? rmpam njiann ivyacn nvwnmn 
ora jnS mpa ijtijx iipk .nnannn te nnw vw cr.;? 
.n^K'smn rpjani irbwon nasifil 
nmsp rcnn nifiiavn km rv^xran na^inn 
mapno twi inn ^a -ie-k ,^n: -in« papSn^ep n^mai 
-id di'jjiik -ivo |pinoi d^s? la trim ciopn D'mwi 
*]PB3 vuS D'pmS , Tivn nrra ,^un mn» ;£ixa ^tcs 
n a 3 i n n nmo' an r6«— nuAni asm , nrieiron . ?rr p 
. nmnnwin no '£& nvnani 
•mam piapn mnenn km n^R'xion rr aan 
-i»pa jirra niiiopm ira it nvi^nn rnp'ro'n nnrroiufi 
miraio nrs pa nnx *]»!? , jewa miapn-fipi^n Sb TO 
nan n^S'viDn n a a t n n , no*? msna jar nt'K -no;? 
"ion man j c"nn o'cpanwa o'JBpno'Krti msTBtaf 
, □•:io nopn •j'aSi d'-ok 1 ? nr:mnn n n i fi n n f) — rvbirt 
onnawim nnx ba ihk o'evra'-U'ici n i o p b n n 
nwinn mnnsnna misum njrnon km naiM inrn rrjwj 
■ . ivjbm nmen km ' b k > 1 1 1 d n b a p n nnnnn ; orrnaflj 
wnoni .n^xion nimoynn km /wten hjti 
. n^wviDn n m e n n n km jvjpa 



s'unoi o^'apo n'^K'sion ninnsmn nu-na vsik ay 
n*i3pn Sr o"DJ3in , nrJiiririD ftbtap be d-jid nj 
. nninnenm mann k v i o tj? ni^wevi rwop km 
■•B'^rn numiPDrrmiyn , nrusnnn nnwo nia-inmx 
rmin ,D"m- ,( ?ya miam -np nnnne nermann o'j 
Dirowob D"onan c"nn aMnsno Awi nienntpnn 
km nMnann mnnannn btc? rutin njiffxnn ntipnn . d'j 
nbnnDn) n'J'jiniin neipnn dim ntcysn ; 



. rbv mrMJTwm mann nniD 1 tit nbm/a maaaa 
yp nninnannm mann k x i d i w j> ni^NEM— nwn nxiapn 



marm ni-iic tt? rrftsipn nxiap km , rowmn rwapn 
aip^mai by nibNi?n ba r-« nWna , rrmann nTtronwm 

TJ"n , (coiiiftltHoe Haceiema J aanSp^fiJU ybK'XttD) ^ITXIOII 

■nruxnnn (3 , nrrj'jMn w rtiwmn mtapbnnn (k : tv 
awn mabann , ^HiiBn aicri bet 'sun (a , nienntpnni 

vs nhtam nai»N-in mnapn bbab moaa iiy 
, owiwai minatn Tjneiba , 'bx'yiDn tetenw friwsnon 
. manwai ma'Ktfm trenwan trawi , ranwon trsMon 
.rraibrinxn bv -ipnan 'aisa msw n» ow «b aibrxiDn 
■wsp w DHcmm D'aspon min ,niaiOKn-mini nutarwan 
. wiion tawi nrw n» ampn tu nnn D'tnaai D-jnai 
■ntSiiram (reiai,n'^an maann n« pn pn 1 ? v 1 ?; 
.lQxjra ba»n b» 
nWPtun baa .irbwyiDn n-aan T'l? rotavn ,n:int<b 
, fluirmn a'apa ityyj -ibk , jvj™ maArsno mm jna 1 ? 
jnb ."cmn aipan n« n'bx'xion n'aan TV niViwn "tew 
OHW»!> iNffj ii? raai ;aon o^vu b'isb im-a wipn 
. pw^an nnw^ yaiaa dj dx 'a D'a-ia 1 ? jraua pi 16 nam 
km n-St'Vicn rraan 'a ,nyia oytna ffTW o-ibib 
, ninzvnb ^icmon awn Asrp *ib>k rviraan nutannn 
g»'j(l»aiiiwi ns nm Naaaa dwi nnnn .D'aisbi o'oa» 
|anan be n'Xiaa-iinn ppo .niaepm mbnan niajaan 
( nw moa mpiwr msptrnn vie? . 'iai nrmn rmaaan b» 
jutoa nspo rrb'K'viBn n<aan . -rnva mv pa nnij ba ban 
.Kin no 7* . naiaan nwajrowi nx Da xryaon niabennn 
? 16 11 nionvio p wa ? 11 pi it pa ?nann 



•wtt mn e\K pit o"Ensn c-Vvion o^jnon pa <a^nwfi> 
mipao tS? I'pw on , mo* ^ktid no dps \b xrpb ^au 
TUbn *?» nfifwm mipw oki 'a'op'awn iwan Sc nsptrnn 

. '3*Bp»3Xa 

nnrws .rrjifjvxion K'n ^Kn hibti 'SK'sion jnon 
'TpTf Vian nSna: kti ,nrpnn 'JWDii ,n'yvD«i nmno 
-n-nipj Dnay n^> E" oj ox , B^K'Xion Erynm "ik» *no 
D'SJ-ron niTpno nrTOi nv^a inv jn n'fiiYpn ; man pit: 
mm inn bs oinna nojaa vm dj ok ,o"Bien , D^mnon 
D'cysV ntponwo km dj dm , rr;i'?ia , D2n jDfrtnaiKvi ;tn» 
rwmn bv oStp inrn Tsan 'a-ix 1 ? nrji'jia'os mrona man? 
wwi "iispa rrm?p Ton n-iKiw ttvi ^aation □"Sn , STDn 
Ijdjid invo oinn n^ w 'a ^k cnnxn cjnon bs oy n 
rrnay jibinrion i 1 ? npV? n^yion miayn-npi'jna .pro 
mbm nrnn k^> imiay nwyin^GK ,?Dbvri no'ioo ,mrn"D 
njrxpoa cpiDyn man ay m» a'jai nn« nxya nay k"j ok 
. bran yion-of?iy S» d ,- yi 



-ipinn pej'iT jna nt?K ni^Ktpn p no na^ i^> -wtw 
n<nn iiyfrvrai .noi^vsion ^y uneptm m ib Sjd» ■ 
isoo bi^an ttb ok , 'jno pin ^3 via te db> , pn or 
.pMnn yn ty wwo omtpp npno »wy ^» ] 
o'p^n ^bS umK ffp^no nroi^rxiDn rnbxvn bs n« 
mann ruso nan ^>y nifwtpn nK typo ptMan pSnn . 1 
.n'nisnn menp/mn ry — wn pbnn /mann Sim 
Kin oj p^nno ptPttnn p^nn .mann "na maom o-prvi 
m«n nviapn S^aa . nwst? b& nwisp ■<n»b , o^n ', 



III l_ ■[ -i U , 



to nwa r ram co^n ,nworrTr*a , 6iR , on dj niaaaa rhi 
-rrnb-frtn la 1 ? ,miDi*n ■?» nwan-n'-naDTm ,m:ici 
j -nWj33*w»3 ,r6itn (Tynan ^a *?ip nvne'n ninann , (Wi 
nStn mnan .cn«n vn an ,nranon n-iinai 
, nviaiyn vrain nan 'jy n^iwa nyiT maa d:ok o*pn 
prtt Bvnrrpn Van ^rniD 1 mrnn iwa a,-6 nupasri 
n^KE-n . rrfsmrw nsppn-mipaa nviSm nxa mayawo 
Waa cj-isn bm mnnannm nawmn naan iai ^y nVn: 
• Damn 1 ? fin nVo nnxt?; 
D'j?iTn D^tryian nyiono -im «|» 'a , ktb'x nina 
•wit (Ccssn DT:an kxib nan ^y nSxtra yaia tf 
"na nffpn hi rbyb Dra^op'aian tfnpma MW1 an' 
natrnn Siaa 1 ? nape naiyn ian mn «xien i/x raj , nnar 
nm-mainETin ,nrwpnnn ,nrttimrin .maun ^a»n ' 
, "naia i ri fr ma H f> n-yaan rWrwi n« nnvy Tffl , naon Hfl 
niaSnirnn aSiaa nnin nrt?yn *ibw , own hk j:i n:a' ick: 
:ppg ^c yrrn noNcn na pnaxn mm ny nmri nam 
yx dk .Dnniei n« amt6 np?n maa mnnca onici a 1 ; 
jn 1 ^ nspx , jtittw manp m»sa is nnw nanp pej anx 1 ? 
lien nn nnana -|si» km in , m»Bfi tfiarw mna nn »*■ 
a'cyo 1 : am-n urns iw«a ,^na Vip by inban nm ran 
ntpann ,mnrw a-hai . "omianani bthfi Sxn ikb nianp 
nta ni ayaa ayaa a'yjia can yaan ,f ?ya m mm n'TDCB 
, nwoan , catPTi . rfryam pin yaan m nKnat? irn kv 
nmn Dim a^a ^na isaaa nlna njp« , niawnam miwir 
nenttn ^notp ^y mam niSvu nniatt 'sip mxn mannnn? 
vans pan ay 'PUKn Imot nx i«ia , namaoni nmtfl 
wn n^na -invm njitysin jrji^Tvian naxn . l'mo'Ktffi 
bum n« Ptai^ Snan :ntn oansa nWan nawi Kie'i 
. own nn — oik; 
Vk o'a'Knei o^apo n'jya^ aniann a'-oin ^a qm 
mn rnaien jo ( nwsoa» nnaiyn ^«i iwn ji'ann rnra 



III 



t t* l \ thn arti OTRiaan dp ii3 D'cmtran ,pmpn Dim bv 
hSk ?pin lepen ni^xn ivthmti op oauan mun tsS 
pvSp jn' kS nvtQimtaban "bid ispx , pay rmtte ni'wr p 
kxid Kintff ioa □ ,, tpi:sn dotxh n« npi 1 ? ton .nawn w 
rrcuipxn 'J'jpa nvpnn la-fr i 1 ? pm T3in» npt!>a p*ii , dpi* 
D"nn iStfE' iwk rniyen nn "iKab na:a Kin luab *nwt 
vrya an D'aivn ,Waa .ffaivn ^>y oexpa d"duuM) 
/ niBtPfiiDn rnupoo "?e> rerun r\bvbB2 ruuwin rvWH 
. inv 161 
jinaip Sp N'n dj n:pB>j nronon mm ^nrnem 
r» ot'Joh ninan . 'O'jon '»iwn paan nnaipp niyiT 
pawn nV ik , CButtn a'aivn p dj on ynon dVi;.i 
o'ripa newa th'i tit Sa b& ,an 'sSp o'nann r &'wvfi 
D'K^Don ,^an 'aw ,nia^» nnan 'aix ok 'a ,'Buip«i 

ODIN D'-nipDl DIK-'ja D'fl^K-'fl^RI O'fiSt b» DiTnuS HK 

«lxiE-n , 'Sk'sioi nivi 'ai* on r6tt . ntaaoia ra;W» rotaA 
,B"Sfjan n^wm trsinn , iiaani nyn ppa d^k'tx neaan a| 
T^ o'X'ao en "bbz p y i b nnivjai n^nn D'aiyn prnnm 
mnan ipnoa npioy nrnon . n:naa jvlyn poton m» 
.n-;2Ki onSps 'sjmpnca ^jovidh nmtenWi D'trasg 
ninan NTfia rp nWa f?ai 'raa npoyna mm nvi "s 
Kiia Ty n"?NtPa npau n:-« rexnarrrb&srttt ioa , n^wt 
rwi 'DW^n yaan nx nnp-6, K'n ♦ o^mTanrxn Q^znn 
finaipn tunn *m by r6«»n nw my ^ao jrVpn pom 
iBonx my iay n ,: ?y nu-K pnipJn ja rAnna K'n .n'rxn 
.ip a bo 'man cvr^pa Kin anxn moiu 
niin Kin anTpn kipu he*n , d'ptb bv np^na my b" 
h'tkh a-p-ian mo 1 . nn« 'ana an* nrtca ^«*xion *ron 
1848 njiea up nb N-p |?t ~wr , me'an-nuiSTBH K'n 
o'pion bbzz . '"tPUKn ^acn niTS 1 iai ^p p»no pie, ora 



.. 



man, . -rr-.zz-r-z ~:~z~ rm*e rano p» t nxv\ r 
ffTiD' r:m , nenwo nrw ro jnS »* ick , ova t 
wo i araci -j«r^ .-—=:- . m pro prn nan -ot V 
.rr^pxn tnana nt cam nrncn nra ,:- 
kti trn, .■n":::---: n-rii: man BN ninpB 
c"ri=n rrnon ^a =ny rti kti ...rirricbn ronon d'D3 
bHa .Bran run *:- ,nani nrnnn . 'nraTon prowdrft 
rrtreon nnan Tpnoa popnrA ,raoi k r nriTormro bra 
tp:k rfnpsa rain rw t rnmn nrwn njrab "era nwinft 
Myprh nb ■atrip -wm ik , rr n pr'ffan hnon . nSwbn 
Wfcfen u irx .om man o pm »m .rrjraon mawi 
*j2k ,ns ik r» tso i= tanorA rrfra' rwanon w nyfflri 
to:m lnvmflnm run pnnn ksio -aia noTuon rrrann 
. rraftraiDn too 
nttWn iiK3 ^k ik , 'a'ep'aiDn men *?« nny mays 
, nKi3 OTKn to c"tr:en p^mahn DVJon "no Q'^x'viDn 
bs d*wbd Drtmnwi D'jnon craoanQ m ytva oj *a 
jKyio '3 , na'j rowmn nrpoa -ny ■*« , maaiio nirun 

imormWwn nsio . n^non nWjaa open w Via 
, on^s? rrann hid 1 ^y ncr-in nopwi nannwi nya an 1 ? i"?jd 
manp o'cys 1 ? ana cwwwo u'tra *i»k .o^ui^oBn nis»n 
nsperin 'w ty Tna n'Tjta , nwHarrnrWjsi nlTpna ixn 
oipan jik ini' rAaia na'H "nam nenyn nvwnn , nmo'n 
ftnrnn "?t? nrran "jas? , ruin »a , dtjw nnxina nwirt 
/nSN»an .jroiapwi rrvnano npra yeipio inuAnnni -wiyn 
WKMpwi oVipn bz hk crjrffin mnan ,piaa ,nn ciKon 
D'Vapa rwyan nanm -moan , an«n St? ni'BisipMn ni^iwn 
ni^Kipan maw maa op omnnenn msipn Saa D'O'-khdi 
. poen ^a nuntporr nvtpiwn 
B'oiun ownn on na tooitya trwon wis' j'HB ^ax 

o'tsitPBH D'aisn ntt o'tpipm nTonn DninnennV 



^^^M 



/rnannnn jvin ntt onwa b2 «ta DTipi 1 ? Q'pion ^» . cnnwn 

vn i wmwi fatea D^tun oneoa 'a ,iann nan 
cino^D *?» pinr6 ysiia niansa mv ik nina niTpn niK*0J 
nwann moponn rp mjnwvfli poiVamn maim ti 
jw rwpoa onxaa kick vn n^xn oneon! ,naiKn-miapD 
fiiTpnn o^ik jna'acni m»n ra. nanwon npa»nn iai 
♦ JVJnon-nba^an .ib'ipd 'jjiik p^n 1 ? 3BT1.T) ni'jia' \v» *6ict 
p Attn nii'pnn 'a ,npi TO9 laa nt wa onaicn an 
liatp^ rfro' maS n^ibwion pi i»k ,bi»b 'pid lain 
■j^aa nn»aj p 'a ,r™ dj ex ^a» .tick l piD hk rty 
naxai (Tvnannnn km no u 1 ? vuu' ab jn , .T^ian-nWon 
nfaann^ nnin , w pit pin "ap craina {'ofawnv , ie-sk 
rioipoa cihsra cec^n , noiwrnTiapD noam meaa 
ifico ai inn oipoac ,jflixa no , ttna~\"ra muss rafl 
*a , up nt*i3 »6 nra Sas ; inn oipea i»no in' nam opn 
/vnon nSa^an . rnann "n nvnS Tan onanno oixn-'ia 
ripim T'p— nnnxn rrniTpn *?aa 'a , rnann «n ^p n-na 
/rouiptn nnjKnnn iai by ,rrnapa nisrwnni nnapn 
— ffiavi nubenni tra^nn iai by ,jvfiuiann nnnnnm 
r'Diaipun D'cn-n .n^K'sio na'ao mtrto ^p napiw ten 
naon art* en *?3K , rnann 'Ti mnnann by naiaS o'^pm 
(WW! annnnn .n'mann mnnsnnn bv nTnvn ruWfm 
. rnann "n iii'ann laa i»k <in*t pi nipax 13-6 
nieipn annea btt Tan anano vn nwnan npin dj 
aim '6 ^p icK ,nvt»i;Nn nnann ssin iai by niaiR 
own b*u» ep (• n , '?ai8 , i08n ncs 1 - nn pa dwio una* 
mm,, pvan nana ilia nnin djiu .avian . inv ik mn» 
p3» yiann nx pi nS "mSifoan 'accai D^'inn cni 
., ni^nen nnna rawKinaysa jDJOK'a .njnamr' 



I 



■2K,n jiaV-o rrj'rcDn rhvbrtffn n»«fi na'ipn '*eji 



tun u"nn 

n nbrocn 



^^m 



■ , =-;—■- -* dp ■ pan r-r-m 

rranm 

-^vncftpTw =77 mar — mm iri m »6 

a :: >rtoi =•—-.- : ;-- 

_,.._-.;._ - : - Z . C -..- Z ~ - Z : - Z — rZZ -.-..-- -..-.», 

c-rrz" ."■; ■ — l ;-:7r; z — 7 "Ml BfVIl pnVtSI ^a 

nSern 7p 3*w z* ? naro .-.* mro =- =—■ z-xv-^i 

rua . _ — bv - -: m nnv ran rutin 

srtaban ,r.-;— 1-*- n6w .-x ----- .--:; rrann tbh 
ras ircx -x nrrwi -x rrreo — rmv/rt 

M0 -^ "res V- 8U ":-■;:- "-'7 rw "* «*> ■»* 
jrottrawn --": -:;.— - yz--: -r rrpunn "pina ^ria iS 
tr'jban crpmni trrrannnuwnn -r m^annrVuon TWi 
%tb ^iid Tpno -;t x.s-n sip •iwunn ni^nE-nn Hv 
■ C'23 ivia A C0IP01 

-am '-^es -rx Tan up Sx a 1 ? mri unw ^ix yt 
uo'aona , '•ram ,l w*won jnon -3 , nrn!) ^av 16 axn 1 ^yn 
e'jnon inx owe ox *3 , nn jna hhs uw , Tp>yj vSy 
/ G" l 7N i r£o o»;nan cpno onb o'jmp mm ick , awn 
iwjnernrtetea ik nwon 7t?o^ 

nupcD »6x |3'«» nirun 'jj? , niaa-iio niran ^y ocsn-v 
mfn/Snrrbsbzwi 'a , mk» ok . niBWfii nn»' Tfw mn;no 
ccanc maim 'inoo ins ^tsd jno ni-K ix nrrion ik 
jr^x'^'son D'vnann D'jrran 'a , nau tx , r6»3 mn:n *?? 
, cpiaan pica o• |,, ^lD , o»jna nvno cpim , Wan |D xyv ^3 
*"mann nuvrnn 77 jnan Kin niD'n ^x^ion snort 
, ffawwm Dvnann vtxh ix a'aiue vn 1 .! 
•n^a^aa xb «ivo^ p«— ^cp-aittn TtxaS y;ija , njni 
-tr^tt-xion nui'tnn "no r.tt nnncn mma k^i wan 



ipk bt> nvoTKi nAuon nx *6i , inx nca royptnn SaS 
jn fein nienwon nvjuon . n^xn nuvtnn mpfmata rwSftn 
on -^an jnen ^p D'siran .non Sr nmovi rtwBi 
frfeuon jno kick km ^an men ►D'lpvn dwbtm 
. d ' ' i p < p n DiiirjHBm n i ' i i n \i 
^rraifrva, nSon . rv^an jwiVran nx nwrfc iA npa 
nn« nSaprui pia^ 'jiff ibj? mna naiicmn apsa nwr 
jiui'jvvid nbnn nx dj , yrra ,y*in iipx ,o:ip ^vtt -,a 
yaxn Kin .inx open nitnnn a^an visa varwn i»tw 
rnarn i B m Vraa o"nn rp a^a o"jno ';» nniffaws 
niteinn D^on *ntff ^>ax . cnnvoi ershv o'avp una bb as 
bnoiten ^a .id;2D^ nnin pi a'jnan oViya ini?t-«^ 
■liffK nyn nx 'Sua iiy D'lair , d'tj;x mvn ia^D , iua; ^ 
%» rransnn map f?p nwffinn apaa n'Ji^va bed jr -=-'" 
,nt?inn nx'TWi ej nop mi , no-spa n'jan .mo'oia'J — '^ 
nt'K E" o«n . naixi ntrp onsio nan^ nnx pi iSa i^ ,1J 
n'rr «S ib-k— iffinn pion nana uyo— ,n\r6vaa — !3 " 1 
, n'JiVixiin ,np'JBian ,'yaarrnr6in„ ^aa laao =T'- : 
nwtnn 'a , ca-ija vn nuv;van ? n^rren w n'aio- *3 Kn 
,n'xnn ,^iTim nrSn ,nxyinni njinn— a"nn te o^ti^''" 1 
-fyyih o'snuffo — n'yaan mnani na'aan bx n-b^rC^ 7 ^ 
omtrpn onai on vmSpsi qui pa 'a jd'hosSi ca**' 1 
d'd^ip ivv k^ n«jnon owion ^ ;iv invn iE'pa_on-J*^ 
, a^aa n"nn m;vtn nx nyiS ipinn naV xS iehTjoi ^' 
iTPitrmm nxi np':oian nx nyib F pioa ^aio ipim ^ 
n , :v>V23 nuun hvt n^ie-xi iS anz-b bam vVy f 7^ Jt 
nep»n • a"nn W a"^ani d"hdm nuvinn yiaa , rvb^ f 1 
roan na th n 1 ? 'a , |inv;n it ns , n:nn(6 , nbm o-enn^'"^ 
jno'Dia^wn tied inx^ nn'n n^San n'ji^van . ism jvjiV* 1 
. o"nn iaia □"Disn D'inan o'aa nx nnjj na a'xn bst "• 
p'oi itb it man n^vmon n^Ktri n^iSran rfmv 
no b»\ai on . nns pi nvrh rhw p'niff ^y nait-nm 



.— 




ns ran naiaoa careo. cpea rwao rwn rutin f£wn 
-i"y rrfnwn ba ns na-pa rttia iwi ,n , iiW , siDh * 
ropeon nw d^mwbixi orcmann avion -■< rTJi^non c 
nnix Tia5 now p by . SS^n nnnwHDi iwftwion rfann: 
-sion !?» ainnn nbn *?* tow dtb prim cbip irra r 

cjnan rmap kti ,D*S«mD crino f» nns* nnap 
mm n» ,rrrTOn-nW>an nit nanpa rbbn ,n"rno; 
•wn mt rf£ra nnnst nrop .nrrwrnvi n«i D'Essran 
miSi^e-n nm rramwrrnin n» .tm'iiarpmnpn) nm 1 
;i6 ,nm>a it» pjjr nrs EWP&wnon mpin c«n .nwo; 
iHsttron tmpnon ta n* a^pa n^«n mmon 'a ; 
wet nnana rraiVprnon bk ,zbz r» opna m rovwiiss 
Hpm na B*n , ir^wn dttbsi "ipna nx -in* "js in) 
Tn»a pin ni'K nS er 7a ,rroj ck ?D»nn tzb v-\n na- 
niinn niron by «"n nDoanon— naba at? pi xSi 
ii"binf*sen trjncn ^d n™;rn Sy in , navyS n*7 nnrmo; 
bz ^a c-TK-rscn o'jnon ^ nvunn ^ w ,mp < 

? B»1M 

mairnn jrcn mysatai fn jv-jsin naa 'a , pan ^a p» 
rpyfercnon ainn ns pr-ia ^ai-ft -wen onnwi ts*yion ' 
D-jr.cn na --"--r^i D"D"ifin a-^N'i-icn crjTon 'ainn i 
trwica is rbwb yjua i:Sx« nya catonon a 1 : 
D"o:ajn ,*in»c 3io finite nuiinw kib ^aa .mnapi onTO 
Vai onsoaa c-civy -p ba an , -ma via te vrvpn ;in: 
-npnb Sa' wit i&aici pin nnwi npinn iV'twer ,a'3aTiQ -| 
cp^nS nunnnoiao tar* c^pljoo — ,wtin*T»as cia r 
IPpTen 'P^n "jan .inra "Bis itid^ p^ni p^n ^a onoia 
obiy'? in^o' x? ,inK ^s ins a'ra nnwt nam dx ,n^w 
tttin .'sbaa n'jxn nwiiptn .na nan H' nnx •S'ra pna nip 
no xin a"in2n n'vnana ^an jnan bm >a iwt , 'i 
an mVimn nx , npfan mutton n« -pin ^San y 



nampann 



■tie* 'tie* 



niDiD n*wo kti obvn , hhsz bwn -vy ym km .TjiVo'-osn 

nr by nr a^arn iSpc ijtn niSiyen nana ra mAnraA 

. na-aom D'Vawi pa nfinwon, mSi-ionm 



Dinem rrji^vvion pap cirri "?x nny urpema 
1 , iks pi inK riana n'nvti n^njc urn n^mpeon a-marm 
e» . n'ayc nea n? o'leion la nnu xb lnipn naca 'Sik ik-k 
, pi^a im' nwin Syo oninnenn tto m £ n ; r nuwi 
inv nurin bv nn^n n'tk or* enp'yas rrowi 
'»p» iy "ma ia Sa Kin 'iJ»n jirmn pan nwma .D"!?' 
i,tp onaji a'B^ia tIjidh pinn pal tjuti |iwi pa Si: 
ny yaa 'uart ps 'Jbti pane mii'mai , p'wn »ji 
p Sy .yiann by Ton no rfny pvpm D'jwpn cbr, 
nuvinn "?ya men; cr^i^ia'DBfi nuvtnn 'a , d'tow « 
pi ai D^wram Driven o*dvii£.i -ai , n"jiVr 
*a , ja dj □■'tdik urns ;a by . ui^an Dsnsn bv nn 
—Dsn nuvmn ^>ya msnae ni:v:n qi B"jiVnnDn nuv 
bv nrnsn pi an np:inni nacnon bv D'-ovnen 'ai , o" 
o^jHon ,a n ouipKri nui'inn ,runniA .'JiSia'osn dyt 
"n pai on'j'3 ^tann ; mann "n nrnm nn B"iuAi 
rmrin 1 ? nnw 3iirnb bsvv na ny bnj ia ^a iwc m; 
. a"mann nurtrtn bya wt 
in« nuiwjina bvbma *inK nunn-jiw 'inx , vtpay 
D"iitpn cjicn ijip nn noaS. Kwininja /tdjS wodthh 
D'Sia:n n« own 1 ? ^pj , nro nr trViaji otisj D i yiB v 
jfpji^irionj mjibis'Dan pa ( n , jikia ,, D8ni rpji^an pa cyai 
ohik D'atpin una iitk ,nuvwin nK pbnb witwa b: 
mnyna ,d"bis ot\d pa imt ^a dxitb bv nmer 
,^an yion b?n nan nm iw ok ,nSKE»n «|3»n uba 
KiiaS iiPBK bk ,rr?nnB o^Eifln D'yicn mnsniw rnpea ,' 
ifnmnn Vn nai ^y i^a intt 



m 

in 



\hm pbr& maw an ai a .cvnam orn , *u.-i jn 
?p run awm p'xn trna im> wiveo . 'iimn oVtyn 
Mofl ITDttSl DTOrraTnei ;—; va a-"* WTO oViyn 
rtt , '"con jr-aen n»n nonwi r;i nit K-na mn . roam 
jranSi nerma namo awnfe nan ,-.n , ixmh pivan 
.-?•."■: dtbo Ertjns rhta tr^mnmnn . by»» 121; pra 
mam *a .mrrranmn ■-:■ -rx nm ,n-Qm Vjr nut» 
^iy w bpr6 ,o£wn .-« nyvh am vrm twoki ica 
--• I'.-ir 1 ? nicpj mann .rne^svn dm -~:z vnfy irnayn 
— fen BBrranrici uprr ■*« ,iM)pnrti ,nsna avan 
,0'iaa: TfW vn' tFVja ,onSw mann *n nx mann 
o^ts pi rn ict nrK *3eh spx ,niwinni niatrnai 
niDtwnei mann "n 5w a<w $h rno^uo , nunran ;d o'pvn 
BWjU rcnann D'TO .crtrca anoio ik DW nmva 
. T3'j£n oSiyn n&tjjfi !?» n'jirn rrhnnb ini'i -mv KWtf 
m;rin -pro pa "man 1 ? piop inn enn oyn kyoj ne 
p bwi ffwraraa .d^jiIotcio nuroi ipno psi traitosi 
B»amnn Vb> trepan nui'inn (repents , n'jtaatoiQ dj 
iTMAvxiDa itrawnn 0"j;3t:n o*wnn rftipao nn^ina 
.rnaoDO^Jiittn^s? nvoufifi niSiyan niepsro ,nnt roii -l 7 
"n ^» D'aanen own nx D^ijtfj wan iWhi ni^ven 
'jea oji OTioxni o"nn-^va nateoa 0"w wan , mann 
cnsnn n"nn pa nAinonn ram pb nvnn . n*?a nmsn 
«'n rraGia'Dsn . nsnitpo n&tnon^ nwrin na'aon pal 
Dnin ns iT^p o'kpi: one? opo -ijr Satsn "n npnn kick 
fe»n "n npno trn frji^mm ,D"^iwm o^yaon o'on'n 
oi'utp nK'aon ruv^pn omnnDnnai naaiio ini'n omixa 
i/rawnnna'aon yaaa o"maitto 
o-^apo n'Ji^i'yiom n'Ji^ia'osn , n'jAi'an 'on 1 
* 11^ dtith o^njn nuivnn-'jio nthe ••otv o? o'ckhdi 
n^oio km "jaw ,o"nn nai bv *bbs jno km ipxbvsn 
[ te»n nui'ina caaiio vira niirrnn xno hk n'Ji^ia'oa^ 



omeioi'n owi bwr\ nnio' 1 mno -»n by t vfo m n ~\pr:. 
o*»inn creniMO ira ; cro'ian a'irinn d'i'jij ira . niV .■ 
f «wnon tnanna -m ;nrtet na»no^in inn jrirrt dtp 
«n)ic ie-m ,Vru*n aa-im p'tnn tmtA nrr6 pnm »n 
miSia-EDn nam , ni'wcn p i^k— lawman ora •ft end 
. c-;ii,-£ pS epa^i [na pcprtf} ny 
pn nncrin 1 ) n^nno rujaon rrnarmnn nuwn ^p 
D333 •'wrvanrK ba» Sa .'Surra-own Satrn purs nya 
S? , g- nn -fytt Sir raffsnai naSinn nSran nnannnn S 
rwaai ErSrum D';apn a'vnann o*supn S? , dtwt 
. mann "n bv □■;i- M ni a-ain a'cn-n niimrn • 
•neen pro nine «•: Kin -ma ri2 naiyn "neon ipn 
ex .B"jv?van rmrtnm D"JiSo"aon nwinn , 
rMiVia'Dsn nm miSran n« awrrj paiS i;n:« c*w 
pvnaia , ■•ipy Sian nta rn □ ,i ?ia;i d'jw o'jno * 
-icn pai rroiVo'Den pa a; bnanS -E"n jrann iva i 
-rs.-i teen "n npno n» rrjibi:'Bffi Situ aupfj— rrjvr 
tranien frown ■npno rw rrivjwraA noo!:i ^kit 
fiip» .a'Satpn nnannna oTSion Tim d"Sk'X*S 
, miSriroS o'inon -noa rrarjw*Mn ne-np ,nx?n rrapsfi 
, craws inn □"'?a inv nwin ipnca npayra km *a ; 
"ion ; Saca rWTitn nrwpnn i*p man iwi rnsi^ar 

. mana a'aiTairun nrwpnn rp — JTjfri 
nViann aya nx ini* lTaa' n*inx b'sdi; marjn 
,DT?vr D'iwn o'Dtri nrmr ht^id D^atwi nrortnn .n 
.|wmnpToa irm -ua-wto ,B'j?iT0^i3j3D^j;iBO'^al 
7! rnva K'n bj rfryia nnannnn at bstx , nnartnnn ' 
(P'^vid na'ao 1 ? ,mnra na'ao pa 1 ? nnvna ,bsm Sai 
'.'Wtffi paan pai mann-^ya owiTanantn pa n^T: 
^apn bv mntDK-'n^am mwn ni^jfionn 'a ,n;o «*, 
oSiim Sk Sapn ni^jnoni ,mann "n ^k nibmonn I 
revyxi ,n'jfvo«i ma?'-n^a ni^non *m amn ' 



RQD& WH TR! So f|KB' TEW pan' liPN ,ntp nB'titfl 

qftwo .nkyDnfuwrw *?? nAp^ p vro aipa laayiaisn 
qiVDSna or/^p hew , hitch an ni pyo d ' a a 1 1 o o^a'jo 
nMCTan ,,T;nan nfefton— a»!»BPBDn n-Tnann D'pna-i 
. iiuthraton yvch kis'r oHapwa o^KTson a'ynan . 'iai 
nfrapo okh . nnronn th f?y nupoo pi rbs. Hi dm 
naao D'pnon obiya visum "Mmc , o ,! ?iann op ]n ma'Knai 
fqnan ptun w ^ 



.rwiina'Dfln ^k .Torsion on' nx ,-finno pnaj 
^p tryna , rraipnn neptpnn ^ , p n'Ji^a'osm mriwan 
.TJi^aa .Dwnn o"paan ckitid ffpsttian ornn nai 
o"u» mi'icua , d'jjiisui nvuncn m rsmb onai^ una* 
C'TDnm D'apian , D/oiiran mirnn na'aon ■'orr bn , D"pao 
erann tubman nx hptj ohbVj wijk n'ji'na'Dsa ,jiy ^sh 
D-on'n bx d'^bj d"i:ip royxtMta , n'Miwn bw n'a'jsn 
. bru pmcb aipaai pia D-airenani D'aaiion owna 
caama invn ,peo ^a ,cn crvnann ,-winn «w 
fcfin anp . iA D'ymn cupn ^>ao d^jpbd -inivn 
, mann "Pin irimna , i:nna □■'pimn a':an inxa '3 , 'Kir) 
p , D"man k^ ik , D«jnw , a^paa o'Rjn nmx ffepa 
, wrnn oViyn ^ "?run ptoin 'a , proa %a "tbid "dtb 
wxia 'JJiim 'paa Kin , IJjrtDnS mann nans v^x ie>M 
ownrwiipa ,nx?Tipi . hsn \a kxi» ^3 ,D.'JDtn^03iani 
bsob Tan D^pi naainn n^ana D'aatio on d^K'yid.t 
-bS DH'am D'aityfl orpaon nwnn run (O'ttnn o"i:» 
Sairn dStito— cpaan D'tunn niyeonS nnin npn ,-py 
ir nnnra ,nvTon nwrx terab faina ncpji 'cuxn 
. nnaino 
nrn'pn tu firm D^an dk pa ,xia ,| N n^ia'Dsn 
poftvb na ,- w .o'jan k^ ok rai a'^xion nuvinn n« 



I 



trw m* mttati trn» ica ot-jm nrtarm in rat ■ 
i rfown rmivno ns hi* . o'aaiam onwn D"rrr 
jriD bv irwpn to nwi c»j nxn rpsioi^en jo pVn ; 
w tdjbo ^m owns «njK» nniio ,nam rvoioiTB 1*1 
ntt rmsa ,noinn rin nSino b<mb nan* nrrn , 
o^non Ski n'ji^ia'DBn ^« ,D"Tntn mm 's:y bx 
nunn na*n iaa nt npn 1 wk B"^rrwfl B*T 
■nsa --a ,B^nn^ npix Va ryb \& pit .marci 
■"frown npw s m a S rrttan matron pw «in ; 
a^non dji , pros , an ibij? rrji^rnon nit vpts 
niann "n mStw nn o'nyfft omao ro o"oisn tr^r 
.'aim men 1 
nruN [rt:r 'a^aion *mtan ^» neperm nmpjo 
Syyn p'mn -e 'jy .rpji^rYian Dinn rut r&ps ^p \ 
, npcoD nrrroa uro« dh^sd , ampn pisa unyoi 1: 
rrai^CTDfin oinna yju nomn dj dm , nwtanm 
.iic'i '-ip'j? Han rrJi'jiyoBn jo nSia: ,mn , 
DHOjon cryau woo ib>k , Tipai nn mpm rt * i 1 V»j»i 
nx mpm n ' a 1 ^ 1 * * 1 b n ; bb a a mann S«- n 
, rnanrr bv 1 n'n nayce pni , manno sryaiwi 1 
i3nat [rrao irt» np-pn jvinn 's ^y . pnmnafl ta; 
. Bvrnrm dttidti ^a »n-a wn n^viion opa »a , 
; rmanm naannn bv D™W>an D'pnn njratKA mo pear 
mj»ia p D'cysS , iia ir nrrnasn mnniY myjna D'iays^ 
, mainp D-ays 1 ? , n«? "jsd nun: jn . nmpeni nmon m«S 
jn naxa 'a (]« ,pD.-rrnano 'ip*y ^ran niHaa rtnoa 
bt:&i ^m nnanno jn coya^ , ini' ny . ruco nrAfl 
paan ^ DwiTa'-uwr bv on-no n!?u ipk ,o"n':fin 
iriyn ^k oiKn npurn .'oiaipwn yran ,^e»d^ 
, nnnx D^oa , wrnn yaon •?« dikh W on'n apya ? 
by nptnno nmn npiwnn o^w ,D ,i- iarTn D'anvn^ 
bm i'sn mm n'f?« mannon pan-man^ nnin ya» J 




mam *nV *rm Was (wraon navim - Dfonln ■*■* Dtl— 
trwn aSo pin aipa otuimi nraon rmon ,j j? a*ta» 

. ;niH -iiprft ri**ip"i* m*wt? *?*?*? «i3 , x lb e>* JiSvrtion 
Dwaan o-iVnn o***jnn on no KivaSi pvab i ,L, v n:ic 
(anbipa 'Jsk an nai awe 'man pap nrtMifi 
, nvmann nrnraa mien pnn m vnrrv mn — i 
vby— mrhv .'a-ap'aion cnmKi pn iw— nrni DV* 
S» nrp.-rnan'raai -lraB-rnrnaa -niz-n pnn* n« *ina' 
rnann "m *"*-Tn*n **i* nna*iB*« F nrvfi**n ni**iysn ,D'Dn' 
, 'a'tsp'aixn amen pn »m .paa'nai njn: 



.■>:» pis 
■wjfttttn Dinn 

in-inm nmsman ; n*ji"?iTian nOT***"" icn nq 
ijjn-npiSn ban . *ynon nanya *if?nn nan n*n bSb pita' 
s'-'c ***j***i**iDn nx'TKn*? oj navo *y-io ipna Saa nj'*Bfi 
inn* 1 mam rb ■** on 1 ; layo new , o"d*ido o'Siaj 
i* ayo Ton mn ,n*'t*>yan onprnn St? man , ■nn ynari 
an inn *iaa nvjnon m'-wn ;o ft -inv ayo ik *** 
i nn nx" o*ip • I'DiVan bm na-tpn *jk *j*nw pSn in 
'am rvrw 'ara njitwrin n'JiSvxiDn rninn nw *n*lAi**nB, 
j ipk r»a naSt? n-siDi'j'D n*nn kS nwm n-cioiViin *a 
d*k**jd *nna .D'vnann D"Dn - n *"ipno rrVu* *nn Stt id»* 
min nM jpn*i ennn atwi ntt Sap loao . n*j***ran mm** 
awn onpan *■» main nunnn niyvn n*yva*ta a*ip 
■jiff nD*>EJ nrpn *a ,*ry*i *idj*> *ta ism ■joo ,n«nn«n 
cSiya D'nxc:n Sa Sy atpsnn 1 ? na , *ix n*o**iyn mnnenr 



»a* 

inn 

S 

no. 



'J1"M< J1BJ1 '110* 



nana mini .nwonn mnnsnna ouiwi cai ousw 
nnbv 'ma an ]ci nip 'mo *wtrn fiifinwnn onviM 
«xid *m jD'-hd'h rrip dSix (Caifi nmna niprw 
:n;n -maa mno' , e^nm «aa^li 
pnapft niWJ ins ^x inx O'Bpbno cnnrc o'lfrpanjiK. 
B ,, y:B vturh nrcin ,Sa mip ,d^to in p'resp □"! 
.manai nun jio ,o"paDn nunon mpo :ica 
rryaon rrfron nSipaa ote#id trnpon mr.an m\- 
-i*HO onvu D«rnarm o'xiapn 'a ,bbs fna nabS - 
. r> , 3 , ep , ai« in rryae mnnsnn jxa ip .con tranq 
conn coi-pa-nrxn pap "pro nSjsnn inrap ^ax 
. n:iaa nnppnn^ nmm nnenn itftt , pan 
"71vc.n1 D'ffin euupni tein diIte' dis6 iran nnttfpm 
n» trw DiNvra'-irxn . n"na iayo Spi iau Sp naiob ^ 
maon jnis nte 1 ?!? p'fiin rici , nntffpnnn nuvvp Sm j 
, ' 1 1 v i n Dimen— in . waetn p via ton pipe icx , hwr 
CDrrn o^i-s iD^nu"! ianiiT» mum "•»»* i^-ine" 
ffTri'n Tina' ■«« ,nvnan . "ie'ske> Dips ip cpfY 
n'man mipsa ix pit 'man on^a |ia»nai nyia mai 
, Sna •htpwo rab rmpj , npvr rrman mixa ix 
. "ppn - ai ^jtyid diu^ r nuwi man nn'jin 
wnaa Htpx , worm prim nwonn nrnan , mmtpi 
. pen-man *"*p o'bajiD ; 
,n l'paan niaon mips ejren up mjfln p nns 
cpir Dion' rrnvann n^ nwae paeroi npna hit 
"n by onpa»n 'ef? . mann ""na mpiT nni* in niVipB 1 
^D'DnTi cbia* ,nninnsnn byi whv by ,nna ^p , 
, espial a'aia in cp'tai dth niw; cinaan nmvm niSiyn; 
b* Tvrfhtyth amj na , iox po xiipn pa 1 wita , jnaia r 
nuivnn ianS' ib>« , arpn-nan^oa .jvpatsn 
»' , a^DiTaHJ'Kn W ovpn-non^a 10a , anu'a o^n; 

2 



fivenfin niVuDn n« , swai-ynan ^a hk ,nn:wnnn bv 
o'trwn av dv or «^ e" nux , sworyjon . nvnon bw 
-man b# mhipwnfl 'ran irx win A'bm ,urmi [raaiai 
dp ftft »'» Ntrai-pjan 'D ,i:^a o'piv un:m ,]*on 
*D op vh »'» n?i ,-rnn jewa Kin iA anpn rwr 
t .'icj^ inn junta Kin uaa pmiv 

rn ,( ?io , ma^ ksi , pan-iron pn '3 , nip f}-oij unai 
.nSnn^iff 'nattn 131D3 (O^mann o"nn pa 'jimn 
in , aira D"i"ian o"nn in , ansa crouijMCT D"nn ]'; 
naon ten ma 1 ? parrman pi *a ;Bisa o"mn 
,-a-D <o*Jfl p^a nrtf -upon o-paun dwjhsi ^p n y ' W Wi 
B"iw nK-zci , Tien i« *mn ^Biaipwn jpsan nipaa 
jr son -tin tdti -i^in , 'jtpa'j , ^pisn , Dnnanai oyaca 
1*331 .rrc-vu nmatraS iro Saa *]sntt>i itrsia tbw "DBijwn 
paa-nai .inn nypa mayo a'Srnnn fffyran vra 1 ? t jnu win 
0; in "ima ib n:aia n j * n amea "icn nw i'tsn , ins 
rbpnaen n« bj nman noxp nNtn naan .v:'pa npn 
-,r.x oa» map 1 ? -r.-i-pyn-n -nDn nVpina poNo umr 
rstia pun orru rmnR-^pa . ran non n a 1 b ^ vian ret 
jma ttiri raai junta x'n nwnifrr^ya man nmxna 
vpmn '3bt^ arip idxp rw «m r-;-.a -a ,n'Dmn muM& 
*a-;3 jpjo a'ao iaa ^'orrrnan 3'3B ,nntt n'raa 

rnrtfiBPfia a-a^en oTJan bs ornncD , ' n p •> ? 

: mtrn .n^tnrojn nvnoni <ta<jnon rim ,n^tnron 

i *?a Sp rwrman fe r npa gn m mWfln ipno 'a 

'a-Bp-aiD -n« n^ i:niN n'3' ormann nurmn 

• ipinoi 






tgnajpawn "»dti , nwArvion mo'»n nma* an n^tt 
*paun n3n ap a ,L -3pai a'a-xna an .-a-ap'-icn to'hi 
bgi m o'^yiBi wysvan /c-ian 'JiSia'aen p^am 'awrn 



n^ana nrao taa twoasn ipnon own "vnt "-in* , ^e-ij 
,1310 mpna rxa-np nnpa uprt ^la 1 run Tjntn jnon . divdi 
wnw— *a*y* ,me"n ins Cipro Kin;? ilea jinaa: 
*>3"j lrpoa pacn x;so te iKeasa cysn trporat 
. cnS'.-n troipjm D'amn hi by ytv\rb no: 133 — nwu* 
nvna . rrwn "in km tjbS nfiy rraws nt?K mm tit 
DTDiy^i , nnannnno o'lw dtdxoixo nwm rmam nupr 
t?pa"? irSy , nnannnno inr c-'am ni'inn npetwim *ipr 
tdm nK ,ditik o'^ca ,ik '0":3n 'mann jpjoti 
pa yxoKa mion inwn prei -ma mann ^p •ji'JttHi 
7>sn ,ntD rjyo nye»nni 'ipnni ma laye nnani niapa 
/S'op'aiDn ji'tnn :nr kSk kis'k ir« Mp'yn MiS'i'io 
nm msaaa . j * a n-n*i a n— Kin ,mann «na Micrm *Ti*af 
w >2 ra' 1a is'K , mann hv rorcn wik D'JDae ijm 
--ya nix' 'a ,a*Mn niJYTDD ,Tnn» nrna ipk by 1-17 
nv,r nKO rr-an . 1 1 ? TL" loxya kitt pn inw t, T , » mum 
m ' n ' n nrmn nrK km Sz« , npnm nysiwin ap?3 1 
, rfjron n'vji man *;*? nupn T-inn*; n^ia' km . &t. 
,rn v n * n n , nn**ini Tniunn pw mam nupm 
nam n m ' 1 , 'ipnni n?3E»nna nam n 1 n e km ja • 
«n niavin !?]? a*ii» D'ama rbyw km .n'lam rifljS 
B'K-np i*m« anh ivx , rwrnnn tiki ins- "731 
nwno km ,nro<a .nr •;*; "jaaiD , o'^K'yio nwm i 
nitres h*.- ;.-,";-■ -n rwrtrsion njpann ajnaa ■nnfcjtJj 
t rh nvins oipo ousa k*j SaK mann Tina oipo -ja: 
D-wsDjnM vbiy ,*<3 0-np ,p^nna pan-man •no* Hy 
B'S*won whtjtx naipo'ji (*?733 ontm) n"nn--*j;*a nanyc 1 
nbvnn crnn-'^pa nsiap . (n-noiyni n'cann) rrn 
c-ytj 1 ? , H'raS nwn n-13-n s bp km d; n*raa npSr 
'i>'i;yn pan nu^Enna naaesn nsan km j'-n-man .1 
mann w co^en cna nK'aan , ninai 2*01:6 r craad 
mai-iam m-irn nmifn n« , mp'jnan ^nan hk ;v:m 



*B"^K*5fie 'n^a nwtra " jjtan [a unw laiatn ws 
by rfym ntrw nijnr nir^ia mpwna ^ee ,SbiA ,rn^ 
♦ nrHKn'osi ,nnooQ3 npnpa noipo ^7 thp/i *nra ,^w) 
. ^ San o"ni3n - ' n h a nawra wn dj wo; 
,Wb ra nrtw rnrm -.i£v rniy npno , l e'eS ,nnx ■ 
fa fiwp Kin "3 eyt ,'iiD'n ^x-i-icn ]v;nn '3 f isS mm 
x 1 : , nxt ^aa , U'M , *ipna a: ama dj is -irmn itppa , p 
, nnaijfn nnMa inix »paS kiex dttoio i;rux . n-n 161 c 
. rh nyina nipe dim x^i mara p 1 p'3' pipe ■ 



B i mm nno3 iAtk main naa , irt nanoa , nnp 
n'ji^i'vion. 'jran n-sx Kin noi rrarfwcion moa n»n ~ 
dv; -1 1 n a n n a n n nx iks 1 * ») * 1 » n yiDH'i 
cpn-i maon ay nosnna irn'oi u'ts 
■tsicn «yar» em it rnasA . d ^ 1 jr a S ; a D'niBfl 
nn ik ins *D'ja jt:d ift' ^ "a'cp'aic jrine prit 1 
nrx iid' ^y *a , op i ai« pinei ,dikh ^» tix npe 
n:-v rftm nimnen "w nn ,yaan mivtno np-y p*j 
J21S3 , *wn p'jnn "pn "?y nt ay n? -waVi narft n*Ji t TY , c 
•a , rnmn^ pin . mvno ^>ai cto Sa wtm w xVi 
•hx mtfxh Ten rnxa nva'ap'aiDni nva-ap-awn nifcyfli 

.lSxa i'ts nntoi "m i^h 
nA«6n»n . 'a-a-'iixn ynr.th trnn raa trpab 1:7 \*x 
lP*iw*fi oSpai caaian a^iya "^xa mana , nryaon mar: 
hv. vhwn nan ns^xtp apya nxan mnnsnn rn ,orr 
*'na np-yn ji'inn m nun ninnsnnm , frppa mw ar: 
•ns L : nx njrrt ■na'js rnaa i; 1 ? jibv an 'rap my , tax . pae; 
,o"t?i;xn D"mann n-avn oinna nvyaan m^w 
wtzh , i:\x-. Taa t»r3 ,»m 'a'Dp'aicn nwa^ ^n 
■WCfi , "ieiD xie'S mtrpa nny lp icx , nann ni'nx-ni'p 
noiaai rrian ixrnl? iiy ^ain x^ nni* ipxi BTjrcn rra 



.n'Ji'ji'tiDn '-iib' 

'fcrtion p-rnn '3 , 'ji^rxioni "jte'Dsn p^ann by Sn 
miapTpi^n bsb D'snin men DTpn ,'ipnn Kin i 

0*200 i:*k (i D"npTT Vop .ciien . nvman nupn ' 
iwnannni main jtro •a , rrav6 fnxnoi mo bv i 
cswa ystpio mana Tim ivvt n y s » n n m 
;pmn|0 vb« niyflWn nwnnm mawnon .ni^iyon 'ro^at 
■frn jincni tib "nrra la-pnn n'lfliort nbx ^20 
^2 Sax , mm not? n« pk ijro» »6 an . nam b» t 
trma rVariDO orpjw 'a ,n^a ^ w onnsoa mipr 
c-ntrpn m:vm ?» ( ninen bzb ,vn inK pnn to 
icjp ipk , Qtsna — D"np-n .ana ; iv -inivi it?pa : 
ipn' -iipk , 'ipna — noi , Tfifi bsvn by D'ain o^ai 
d:*» nhxn mivmn dj dk . pmi wn wyo m ca 
^aa D:n f o«^tPiiDn own oma ti^nna d , -T!D"i trmpi 
. nVpo^ B'lann nuvrnn "ikb» ^20 -inr n'mo'i n-mpo j 
pnaion ja'On . , i p n b y;i:a nbxn nnain D'p"m 11 
, Was lnitrroa: ran 1 ? o'Vo 1 ianj« m ■?? i»k , jvm ^2 5 
twirti D'irin n«itnn» na ,na nyi ^sb 
mm nwn rntnn n« dwi uniit np'D'ai neana . (* te 
ik maBrrnMnvn miira — m^raa ; nrjnn ix rrn:r: 
— rwiVpjnoa ; ttn bs ttra ennvon D'jo'oni a"nn nro 
Bmnwra naiffnoni wn , pnn iwoo ik 'ipm mix; 
,-vrh inoi rnun^ n-njxa .oiKiTanm* ^ 
.d*» vitafc uniK pnnon < " in( * D * ra - nw ^- 3 1 lji? "" 
,*na bo [nt« iw dji a"npin .snsn te ni^ann *?« : 
«l« , mD>n ^K'snon pvnn n« p 1 ' n a b'an s^ cno t; 
mama aTTii^an , pnn bv. ixa d , a n p rn dt;e' 
o^a» ^p W '» ^a» ^y inK bys nps»n . man fa ■ 



•- jle.i <!e li mcLIiodo wcial., De la div 



Lois de I'imitatiou. |* 



flufarwcn . D"2i;ipxn D«0rrn n«i fn^iyen nn i3«n ,d-ijci b» 
Tyeon mapys xxn ok pi t?i*nn 'yion p-pn ip jw&i 

. me" rnwa my 21 nr; 10*33 fWTDn ntn bn; 
rpyia mints myxoie 120; "WW /"trw 'bba -una bx 
nm'tpn b» D"a , Bp , aiBi3 D-z-cp-aui nvwn ™ rvre 
nbxtrn .D'Tyv virn o*teispi nny law 1 (HWHiffWI 
*>» pnawsn p'on rvnH by nbscn trn tsrvmpra rww 
, invon inn nnx by , nnnx D'bos , « D"b«'5fiDn rnarfl 
bra l^nanbi 'bK'sriDn jvinn nx tarn bsu vs by i: 
W pnaian ps^on 13 ,nyTi rrni? a-an d'd* .nuwnh 1x1 
tint -ihn m -nay i»« ,mi3 yn-npibn xin ma 
^3 Wffifie'W JE1K3 , ib inron nvn yiypoa nisnri •;:•: 
*naa trane" Tirm ,i"n'n bs> imi3y "133 mann w 
Ton k 1 ? '2 , ism wa bas . roann 'psx ba *?» ami: 
v , nxt nmyb , '31 D'vrann nuvtna miayn npibn 
npibn na'pno ana dj -ex bai baa o'vnan 'nba rniw 
Rpbma rniayn nbw* ispx , D"nn D'jjnwn , bcob ; miay; 
, n'ainb no: f» paibaau A .avian , O'sw awn onax y 
"•;: rz- o , 3 , » B'siap n iff ■> j a xin iioyi 'bx'i'ion jrrnn 
(* aip'313 .onibbisnni onnannn ,nu nr a 
jvmann rmnannn '3 , tdixi ntn |rym nx inv Ms 
n>2-Ti nnn nwannn be n'a'Duna nianwfi mp'ya x< 
nmiy nx cxb tsxb no»ifi mts^nnnir jaixa , mam -«?f 
|wna tanas (»^m .avian .n'Jnnmisr n»3ibinnoi 
n 1 : p n a mann be pnaicn jawi nx xxioi inx nxa 
nnasnn xbx , myn *ab , nrtt n^s'yion nimpnnn ; ma 
bw-ai , nyatsani peb^n by bb:n 'raya n'tfann noaoi 
arn ivy law , pay-owtem D'D3inon inaDa n'aia (* t 

Eunrnliamp", Grundnss def Sooioiogie. (' 

Lpb lutt«9 entre les aocietee hitmaiuei. (* 

Inlroiluctinn ii la 9c;ciologie (* 

La logiqne locisle; Lea lois tie limitation ( 



I 



en" jncn T — no 



mt * 



3 Tim T_"s wni , y.yn an 



mixn .-x vzi -&x -ns ,*2'Bp'3isn iioi , a-ai *:';'3 
iroonn *ra nm .rryaan ninnennn Kcaa:i news inwi 
^a rronn "13 niarnn nuan ^>a ntt la t«A mw "npefr 

j -r.3.1 TR3n *?-nj nm no :' L - ba;; ,%an \o trtv 
.DSTTD^o^jnriDn nuvtnn ■» cy nyssa wrap tj ioin t6 
•waaoa s TBi^a ,--t in nna nma'a niixa itsx vshra mf? kh 
bwiTa^ritn nx pr icx m« np'ji cm w in« hmd r^o 
crenvi u : •" -ciin nx yaa-i 'man -iii' iina manrr^g 

■ inn .urn tpoa D*yaun cisn he B".~nan^ 
... - ie»k '-.ns ,uoa K-vm 1 ! ,no ttik ".-7 
.is r.iia'aa ne^i , p'nn ~n by i;aa wxinfr upsk - 
,'^n win 213 -wax nrairnn maoan is cra'jsn dti 
■wit r a"a'Mn c*jfjen ba nn ins^inx cip-fe o'oann 1 
33 - cn th-.-jb 11s in ni ;eixa m«n cn-na oi : 
IT/ aim biff D"2';cn DTrjcn h& crb ir A'xa , % 
hs »ranf> nba' xS nttta s-u-r/iwy .ojibrran vya • 
. vox vis * 
«*n .y:i n'lw purist:' rutin .-tpaitsan mman n-x-j? 

~ , »o , »a : . :ni~nbs nspnpn 

. rnann ' ■■ : ■ mpsa -sa 1 ? iex™2 a , b a 

wonan na "»st , mnxn mwan *w a; n^apa m*lt 1 
"TT^aVan amna -nnui nvs'ian amm rvtiD'a'Bp'aio 
-'T.i , nDE'snn -pi by rnsu n'snarrnSaSan min .rra*i 
mvnoa njnnsn rya r.rn yian oSn»Ji hnans nB«e? 
,nriip 13 icanirn nsia-'xia irs ( cs'2Bn mnsn .r,r 
nW>an 'Ban inMass -p insi ci?i pt^ .21121 c:i; 
TtHw 'a ,nai nnmaa 133 nuin , np-Tcxai rvi 
B"B5?9 D'pvna dj cs 'a , '^3 'yia pina pi ab fy& 
ni'BUipsn nn'nam n^owpsn D-y^an ja a'yawn nisiinn fl 



Small et Vincent: An Iiitrodiisiioa to the Study uf iioc. (■ 



ex , 'aujraion "rixan S-iu D3 rrn , cs'inn D"npinn torn 
.rho cb-r,: D-H-V2 mpv kS piron nt mSSanipn '3 
py>pn jprA n'Sia' cum D"n: D'Vyia 'a , j'CNn bjijj 
rrairnVfln , nmciprnS crrc'i^a b'jnnVi rnanrr^na c't-ca 
-|-.-i Si? D":non D'SpiEn tjt nSiwn nt* mrriB -id:3d bv 
mann ^nS nana Sa "pjipna,, K'a' nS 'j^d Syis : nWm 
Bfsn nip wra (itww teb'S niTpn .envie'i B^Ap* pi 
Tpnn nyi *sA ,n3W msnn ,rh»vn bv '■ 
nrnnsnnS rrcnon nronnenn rw njrn' mca ■pisift ,n;n 
•spk rmjjen rw Drea c;*ra :r»nS nSia* km jrvniaKSa 
,-m •l 1 ? nEnpno no }Bi»a nvrhi rb mna novpa n-n 
-h .sinBi (I'Sfsg .« ti ,(ii^farWi 'tsm ,ruwi »jftl 
maion mSron Sa nn iS S;d «pnn c:r;n ipjc , (<r"u 
-na Sir nxSa nmin p oj D'Kiin urus ,irat!n npin Sa 
1?» mpan-iDtraa ,raVirutS ,manrr"na jivti L r nSijawi 

■ :- arm by r.'bbi rrvpa »" otjsSki nj|ia 
rtwiS pnao jtoji ,mann pna op^nni di^k'trti 

.i nwinm paon p D-psitrn nurtnn rrnrm rW 
rrm> D':a k^k , rrSis nj,H *eS , bj*k» , -troxn pxin 
Shwjryi nVipoo ntwvn nrotn nwiam ninnanfri Si? 
.(•"nvian 
-ie>k rriann 'iwa *a , nys: rremn noppna Tjr Sax 
x-s ,*jnan pv-im armn imna trJ'nxn crx S"jti B*TBea 
na x>n pninon ,c:okpxi ( *a'ap'awn iiicafl poxa cna 
»uts> na t6" o'ediibb im'n miSrsiDn 'twoo dhrx irns 



The psychic factors of Civil [ration; Dynamic Sncloloj^y. (« 

Gedankoo Qber die Social wiasensch aft der Zukonft, (» 

Bau unil Leben Ues Boeiaten KQtperfl. (* 

lulroduction a la sodotogie. (* 

La science sociale coutemporaine, (' 

La iisj-cliolojjio dea idcea-fotcei. (• 






miW.cm , jawi «n St!' nsppnn mip:o □"mann d*"jip! 
'£ by cxi fmyiS 110^3 lovya tojbo ^ by ex ,*)qjjdd l 
ifawrnoan, j'o mp'ya kti , wysipn nnn o-asen onaic 
tpypbv) wbsb 'sb ^TbK'yio-np'D'six rronn \ 
jrViiw cxi^aa ixc nianp D'aysb raserwo iffw na nn 
,n*;i^i3*DEni nMibi'an me 

IPXfptWn'jV ja'nn bj ny i"K ni poo "T3L\,nxa b>3K 
nnnx ns pi #h rvainb nssra fpJibmnon .rvninns 
wub B'ipinn ens itry it?x ,ir3wn D^mann nwn 
c'".;:n ■;-: '» nnrm n« e.i ex *3 , b-tibji crVoa on 
*;rep , 2W B n ik B, yatn„ man— ,rnann*nnpintan cyiv 
"0't» , a , Bp'3iKn nyi 'fib . 'a'ap'aiDn ik "aixin, lutai 
r n^p3&n niaon nbiyaa pi nwiiann ninnartm frt! 
^B , 20 , re 1 raiE„n ; rawa nb ^-ov xbi ;,t nS *»ijwi pr 
.mann "n by jinn nyesfna c.i cnia t art. 
r.vnanrr.ma may — o'paw-^x- anwan 'J'D w 
ibchx wn ^icib-sn up .cjwa ni«a nt n'jnaTrAafii 
psnprpam n'pDBiio ,piia vinxi cnp'B^is„n iiac 
ba mpXDM .•a'ap'-aiin "mean .in bbairbi B'berft ib: 
rvyaBn-ncnM , B'bpxn , noixn , yun nrm by anb yn 
, p-.b Di-.r,n ,B2inipey nb« naiy^ .p""iiaD*nn b*« 
-aicn nsan ncbirna brm B:p_ , 'bpi'g , aara' 
TDiai-myan ,nbyinn ,Dis™yaa 'JB'ioa wanan ,-a'B. 
laia nt p'liKan <;;? iaiy: xb ebiyo -|r .a-bx'TK; 
nwyj »•?» ma ,nnns -:;:-o era jr.bib ]i-C3 n&ya xbi 
.i-rr'i-ca pi .navya n-ann --.ir.^b y;-;a dj p.-a: ' 
nbya by aj nxba n»nin D-xyia u-;x nennn rmi 
nannm mann nnnsnn by *n:sn psm niVips by pal y 
pa icN , itrpm dhm nx mokh yian nna -na 1 ? r 

rin n« pi d»i £-T "W K - 'a'Bp'siwn usan Ha 
naii-ynn-r^a Waw:i nn-..i3 ia into B'nrtnn rargg 



mna ,D"nnc;;iixn ninnsnnD if yec-b n-Srvic 
bo B'jnmi p'jsvn EPnn rump' ^a ibtjef 
nann nn« by iwn .CPaama vii' .o'U'-n D'ervJ 
Ssx -ipsa inr tmsb !sh ira *n Drama nm: 
Drams ,"id;sd V» inaptM rrflpsp ,«'n mar 
■■a^sa f i^p prams bv jrai pnnfri »aa owi 
tnaian D'aoon "?a n* p'mna •:.-:« mam 
nsiTp ns n 1 ? njrspon a-.as "tp nsup s'rei cram* 
mtiap jtriain ns cii-vn papism O'TSKl fi&aa i 
nitaa km— tjun nan "73 pa nuiasi n» np^nen orgj 
trn — «^an -nan bv nnpson mtiap ; B'3*cn ^aa onmq 
-nprn *a ,nwA p anno twcd ,mm arion 'pis nAi 
ftsfetem irtr^n n^ dtki -:a ns ns-;:: rutin nuajB 
pnurjn ^pnaixa ,nypa , spain wk ~; p-raa ^as jffTs^s 
•nc n« rrnronn nTUprr/ipiVna nsi -t?x ,paf?CT ' 
a-rn 1 ? n; ;2isa anp rrm ]iain pflia'ja "si cnaion d^W 
. --«n Sk> jvsnsn vmbrs/rf) rnaia 'wrft mann ; 

pair lE-pm cn-n iaia -r:-:c *J» vmirjn ,nxt npljril 

p'jrsnrai ic^en^ I? oynai o'Tna afnyn "rn rnann , 
pfJW'xian no'ETi rw inpa tpk , onpion an . naSa> nvmpoa 
pa nc* ,nmD*n mrenn ^ , wo aS iae> s 1 ? tdmo b 
msaa Aw rraiSrsipn ns wpa on .vnuppo ns Hvia ktt 
y;i:a D'npyn rnuvjnw iiya , d"jAvxib niawa o'mpir 
nirann,, neono 'mm itna aci na cntiflo mann "n 1 ; 
Dpn "raa -ins Ss -ins ntotn nwjnn ret urn as . 'wno'n 
nana n—1031 na^w no'W ura rrnn , onis kyqi 
nsptrnn mip:a ninnsnnn r» rmoon , arms/in nurtnn 
D'piTn rnnngmnn"*pn mysMon ffea rps^jmnvrnfinnii ^ 
^nmrri aicsn ai-ana mann maiy ,n^s 's 1 ; .tojeo ^c 
axca tr'wn W> n-esin naon . nmenm aa^cn avan ^ 

t lygp gr nw ara ^s vhvgn nan na'jcp «*n r 
Tiwtxa ns ^mmianai i»sa ,annaa nbunnwjnn 



;n<3iSi'3ion 'i\b 



bv neptrnn mipjo o'ripn nwin *ii«a .arm nnS rcyrj 
pn .B'jnon mytpa bs btt avu i 1 ? dSd mnnannn 
BWwnoTnirtTnK^iiPK ,Ffhsvm »noi nraon nrroi 

D'oaS nnj> vn ,inw D'fl'pon cnr.-'wn *!K bjnc o'v 
onann j?aa . (mi^ia'OB) »s:n num frwAvS) D"nn mi 
rfnaj Tin ^k nmnennn bv msiBi^en D'lan *a , a'no r 
Bran iif(t ,rrfi*iDiVen .jwuwi n-ann «n nunn nn t 
Wn ir.-nY3 -nn icnn) noibsitsvicnc , cnn 'ra in by " 
■?« nanannv moa nna^a iwyb n'ra* h 1 : , oiwn -ijn (no 
cnmann D"siapn to ,i-ian- dik pat- caaioan d*c 
cy nto ^a Dnwp la n»s itspn toi ci^n mm ens - 
*nsoa dj D'KsiD umt* p Sj? .o'jijrn bv rrStafi rwnnert 
prrpnS d'jw Dim b'p*n ,e\iani pm "iaca mi -0:20 . 
BTiaan nuiTm . mnnannn nmn nro o^tomon maWfl 
winn jnon to ititi' •a-i-/- .mjiSvxiD tij; di»k i 
•w c^apncn ni:vyi , '"a:^ cinx m:vjn dtpiti ■ 
tew . ttvnann D-nn manna myvoK-'man m^anorr 
mmnn nx D^a O'Otna b'linb ip-aon laa onn o*tt 
D'jUffiDno onntt D':ri2 nn 1 ? , trim jnan "?tp nm 
prrf? ai^i'xiDn by 7 a ,^31^1 mr^vxiDn be cm 
d.i ex ta , np'tafcooi rrws-n'raSa , nniao'na pn xb < 
nonara uie: ■?» mention ntr:?n . n\iV?i:'Dsi rrn^i 
■"n ntt mKZD rain ne^n .mnnannn mm by 1 
pro .moan bv myaan nVre^ntwin nwaa msiim nn; 
nraa ,nnYtnann nx ,mann minnn menn nx nix: 
13*1 nric »*? , rnann "n "?a ns ; r.nx nnoa , rrmV^ 
n^na dx 'a , trpnni niaon 'ra 1 ? fine ivty rtwra • 
, mnnannn 'pn oj; ncwpna D^ipa c^yian wbbsn nin: 
wyi ni yixpoa ia=: invn jvo:n 'a (D'jnv «*a 
nxin 10:20 . n'anrcn-n'siDi'r'an iieoa iD:ac ,n 
rrji^vyicn mo' D'apnoe nva n'm mi'naa rniTpna 
Mnnannn n« scm sin , e-s;- mini o»nn mm ^» [nvmuwi 



i onpmn nnwm fe nx irw ;widS a'ain oa ■ 
cm nranan pa men «*) ied ,- iki paVea . trim jni 
i niton va .nnrpon nn'neni nwjffl nvanon " L 

ion 1 ? mpaian nnnx ni^xt? nan ^y D^eion mains 
fflannnon asm nx it Hnwi jama laaiy rm , n^ai^y 

3'!j;ia C3 ,C3in DJ .(Esprit revoluttwiMire} nasncnT 

rann d»wi minx rbttv \rg npvwa na*> oTJO'Dutpdn n 
pa sap 1 ? dj tfryb n'n ■«?« , ni 1 h& mye&n mis' 
? nnno tx ixx' *ia« nnisan an vn , (■ niaon ntafaiq 
n a i d k n bnm nx oipaa nrrty o'KPia mann 
tutrr^p vn Euij? h& l'niTpn . jnBn— in*6» noa nrpFS 
'a (B^nn Hin .nSnan n^ewni tvhhsa n'aiaipa cnaiiw: 
iip« ,tnn jho -id^ Sintpn ton .'jjtik osy t» - n mar 

(ITN3 P'ilT 12>R ,Q^23 O^N'XIDn nUTIRH flK "ItSf 

DC2.T tw . pa p'ina fea 'avnn pTons mpnoii mural 
■WKi B"rnann niawnn to fea rrcrxaK 'ma n&anon ' 
iwnana , rtot canpn a^iana iita lira -nea m 
mepum ••i 1 ? , K'n rMiVronon ."nwsno„n bv nvunnoi .Tffjnal 
'a , n'man np'o'a — n p , d ' s n jnoo inx btb , oaip L , 
nvnao nx , n-ann jraa nx tua^ km rrai^'xion rm 
ptmnVi na D'vmmi yaan 'pn nxi ni'irass 
nca anno 1 "itwt ,D-nxan ba n« n'anan-nVa^am ftvsn 
Viiaa nVstn snwan iprnints •;;: ,yaBn"'intAriAjHs' 
n^is 1 rum ipai^vyion '3 ,san tsip ,r,vrnm n'aianaw 
■Mai --;it n-oa mmy naixn via 1 ? com aipa nrtl 
»nvvuMR mpnn ana -vm train nx w 
Dnpmi D'aan jTJi^snon nais- ^y nay saaip 'D'd 
.nraan ns*mn n« ,nan ,ninrn Va^ ,w c^a ,wnn! 
nas; s la ^inni 'yicn p'ann a^iya naiinKn nya n«a IB! 



adresses and Rcw 






,dtw ^0 yrr oiae^ ix nowa nrtitwirA msui ns an 
.jrn mann . p;y nrx ess 1 : nr cy ni K»orjf»3 wo* 
w fup , rraann nwm Sk o'KjId "inmi am inv |SK! 
pvuttnnn ispk .rnfata mnnerei nnena ,.TOrr^ya di 
e"32-!0 D'crr btp disdS D'cn maia iaTpa nann: bdwiJ 
.njnapi no'ice rrotPMrwdl 



d'Kyis una* mann "n nwtna rvnotc n'yio n&ancn 
1ED21 jib^k to "D-pn„ni "np^awvi <moa WWW 
,-iSxn d'jiti ffsioiton "remiay ~s ,iED*"wto "np'B'Sic, 
own nSn tpk nya , oSix . mjrcn nSnnn k^n rwvi * 
■jnvo ovy iinn .nine*? ,cni-pn vwvh mann n« • 
-wo , non na^oo wo i:S rwtM ie'k nvvpnn run , 
B'Tie: D'pisa »6st niyau ]i-» n'nnrrnBipn wm twjj 
ni-pna |K ^oy I 7 " 1011 1E,JKD D,-in(( .o'vnann D"nn ^ 
l«rw iu'V T\ba ; eest'Dn mStttsa— D-»intn , 0"Ouip , sn art 
■nftno: n 1 ? t?-t< bin ; nrinn ^n n«— t^ki ,mnn«mp 
k^ E"« ;o^» ivy D"mann D"nn me ran nvuitnnfi .* 
pKsrmttsa pi . (tine* ioa i b a oyyn mno r« rwrft b 
pan nairun nvpnn 'anb ODXiitrfc D'oann V?nn rwT 
ns T»yni '"is mean omiayi , mapwon nrpion nnv 
r 1 run jeta . nso ny myn mai nwin niyTa ipximt 
,D"mann D'on'n iana np , nm nimw mjH 1 nam I 
jno "ixi3 iaa 'a ,npiva vxfo ,nmmb .o^y an 
*n rut -waVi TKnS ttin vrpen ib-k yian , rrai^iwfc 

. atoi inro lai una ^aa rn 
rrJi^vxiD ntoa »Dnrn» p»*in rvn ta:ip ooirw 
^y enn am yie na p$b n cours de piiiioao P hi« positive- rm 
*fin iK» *?a oy 'avan i»pa nppn ,Waa mann 
no ny^ nton i»« ,]i»«in n»n ton .iravnn rrsiD^jj 
,D^on i«t? nmc pai trinn yisn nnia* pa Tierrt fin 



ptiSvn naa nnannnm rwsn ntaonai aits p.ma nrorwnn 
oik to inyia jyi"6nn nvnuxton nronn pa ,npD»am 
omnenon p-'oiR^m onyn-niSip ( OTB3wn— nvyaen nnaren 
.o'invD D^jfaB o*pin ,F, sp an^HO 
— n'lnnmini n^yao.-nan paw Venn n«Tial? 
(lOtjra nt ywpoa o'lflion in* .^nnn yian pjy int 
.bra pma n'wn owion '3BD ihki -inR 'ja hr Van 

•UnJK IffN) fftPJK S» PIT 13DD BR, tO'eiCS D'Taia 

niD^ Smn n« o."fo iriran ("d^tu,, on^ Rnp 1 ? o^ny 
■wpa ori'J'a O'liopn , D ,_ inR otir ir tir <tr npana 1 ? 
o^ xipj nt ,('D'^ffns, d»3 Rip: nSR 1 ?) yiapi b'idb 
-isoa dr .n'jno man d»3 (D ,( ?»idSi ottoS) mv 
nnwai , o'i'jj; mertro ni ay nt Ria 1 ? D*^jino b'et;r to pit 
c»a on 1 ? Kipa in ^b^ip nyewo^ mo 1 tt^ na^y ny» 
-van' "#«a , nmaa r^r ifh ^ann ."n'paa man 
-iipbr nton miann to ':» pa ibr , biann nR„ : nR^n 
&»ron ma^n peb6 ; -|«nm -nun pa new ^nann bn b'varfy 
ma nt B'pnnai d':w ani'x *:e> wavtro o^tso i:ruR 
riann pa o; jai , -pim -nun pa p« tain y v a Saw ; hro 
tk pirn jot inN 1 ? . Ttsd ip *?a r jvnon manni jvyaan 
.nuipn nnivn nit n'paon niana icx .manntpnn rbw anp 
man ,r 'fly nnnsno naitpsn nnawinn . npownm p-aton to 
n*cn*n . cpxiai D'aa-no o'on 1 to -wp 1 ? bk on n'Pjai 'pan 
£}) rwwi myap aa-oina , mi;xn by naiaS D'Syisi ontin 
csPEjn D"nn .nnnran rwrawrt "iiTai pvn nmyap 
. n'w -rea n^R , npp DTTfiBno o-'yaan onvmo-i 
lan "?y atrial ntn iciRa n»p3 mam "on Sy unma 
nx'tog n'D^iy r6^y nai Sp , yaan nuvtno n^vji bin pvn 
Watt n^nn ^ ixn n;aiaa pi 'a , owi unw . naMiai 

•Wjra ,]1B'HT pis „Fragmi!iits of GoUToraemBnt'' Tllta (.' 



nU'NI n£D 



tttsbmen rnwi npv 



■rotation rwrsn 

B»a ntnpffi ,D":iL-n nicipan *s;n i«»i D'C^psn ' 
rtmBO ' 



2-Q2 



: aip3i,nipr^i jjiiy ,e"ivti— Q'Tiir 



-iT3-tj-(*) o'Tn'^c nmn rrpaon mAsnnn ,d-dw6ib 
cm trjpiw V?y -w« ,';'sn n-can kti mrn-r 
miasm wn , n^an t",- nr-csan nnsnin 'sA , mann . q".tjM! 
D'Vau ovasrv irvnann rswtnn ^31 .rica r 
-"ns? rnoa dSij* ;Dyaaa ia"3*D2| n-'E-sj cm PSin iip" 3 
maa ,v3v?iinia 'rt? vson crzaa D"iS"i tttti "-• ern 
Van "?:•> o'Jniin D"nn toi c\"mnn a*cmn dj D"i!?fl * 
yao 1 ? criiaa n-ru p ^y . awn t"» ^t? n'yaon nutans 

"ll?» , DDYJ? D'OlTS'irKH^ CO TUn Dt?3 xnp: D* , ff 

'man mraiTMa ima'i marwo nntso cr"? nwpria ] 
Sfw^ffa PiTNn nrtsman niN'TWis ,n;iins^ .injn c 
(iryrajiw ,ma diik u ;-3 rnann nnx "?y area ; 
. nta nt mann i>jx omrp ona tok , ra-ca D'Dit h& a 
jidid '3 , sra: n^'oS nwaian ntiCTNn nx tp irana 
.mm nr ^3 cp . ronm maa «^i*k manni arnnn ; 
(nann Ss aS o'c: :-6 ill's : n a c-.v bz t-3i : : - ' ■ 

mroftT nvrawnni ; 



L 






.rtafcrmi nK'Tsn 

mttn-'aai crnn-^jra to ^c rftnjn roAsnrn na^o 
Bssa fimpn (B'awn nicpon *x;n nut^i a'C'^psn 
ansa incrnfin nm 1 nuSsnn r,:^ /'jvoTmnn nu^snr 
,mn3»a— o-«n-';2 anpai .nipn^i am*; ,dhvu— a-nrr^ 
-lTa'ia'K) o i n , n , ^» nwn rpyaan jr^snnn . b-dix^i s'ca» 
D-nn o'jyffj rty is?n , T'tnn a'aan ten nnan~^M (D*o 
nrawin «-n , n^cn ^ n;irsin nnxmn 'a 1 ? , mann . B"i 
D";ai] c'nss.T a"man,n ni:rtnn ^ai ,n?aa ri-rpnn x 
■"rw mea c^ik ;oraca (0"3'de) n-rr: cm pain ■ 
maa ,vai:ynnio ^b- 'yaffil ar:aa a^iSn rnvi te t 
Sftan bs> B'Jnm B*Tin ^ai D"mann B'Brrci a 
yaa'; a'jiaa mu p by . wn 'bpm ^ rryaan mfc 
n»H , doit B*DiTaHr»nb B3 man osa teipa as , s 
Tan i«e'di"T3B3 wiyi nifimpa ninaa bb6 Twprw ■ 
^rS ,i :vj nwn nvts.-.ian niR'Txna ,-yr-sb ,vtm a 
(^xpajiw ,nna ninn Sya mann nns ?y E»sa ; 
, n;a ni mann 'k>;x Dnwp nna no* , l^^zi b'btf bw a 
ytrvs 'a , KX03 n^pa 1 ? nwaian nwrsn n« nrr inana 
rrn' nr bs ay .njnv maa li^wt "rami arran 

m:nn "?« a 1 ? d*im kS -.era :"a i=nx ba inai - 

X>2 , ffTom nnsxnnm iraotn nruwmn pa n»« 



Tvsbtwcn no* 1 

ttfnann mm; cpfl 'fitoi) 
mm 



."tow. «nnn 






IBCOAB TACOMIOJlOriC 

t. e. 

OcHOBaHis Couiojioriu 

IIpoiJi. *S>. r. raAAZarca, 

HepeBO^ s. TEIIJIHlJKArO. 

EeflSHie ..TymiH". 
Knni-a nepuaH, 



BAPUIABA. 190t. 

T*in. M. 11. TanbTCpo h Mown., Haneemt 7. 






/