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Full text of "Ye solace of pilgrimes, a description of Rome, circa A. D. 1450"

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BRITISH AND AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF ROME 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



A DESCRIPTION OF ROME, drca A.D. 1450, 
BY JOHN CAPGRAVE, AN AUSTIN FRIAR 

'^ OF KING'S LYNN 



WITH A FRONTISPIECE ILLUSTRATING THE AUTHOR'S HANDWRITING 



EDITED BT 



C. A. MILLS 



SECmSTAmT, BKITUH AWD AMXEICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETT OF ROME 



WITH AN INTRODUCTORY NOTE BY 

THE REV. H. M. BANNISTER, M.A. 



- • •• 

m -: • • 

• • • • • • 

• • • • 



• -• 



.-• •• 1" 



• • • 

• • • 



• » • 






• • • « • 

• •• • r • ' 

,• • • •• •• 

• • • • • • • 

• • • • • • 



HENRY FROWDE 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 
LONDON, NEW YORK, TORONTO, AND MELBOURNE 

1911 



•f\ 






OXFORD: HORACE HART 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 









'•• • • • 
• • • • • • 

• • • • 



* 












• • • • 

• • • 



• • » 









• • 



CONTENTS 

PAOE 

Preface vii 

Ihtboductoby Note xi 

PART I 

Axtthob's Preface 1 

Chapter I. The fooBders of Home 3 

II. The gates, walls, and towers 7 

m. The bridges 12 

IV. The hills 13 

v. The palaces 16 

VI. The arches of victory 18 

Vn. The cemeteries 20 

Vni. Other holy places and their ancient names . .21 

IX. The ' anguilla sancti Petri ', or needle of S. Peter 22 

X. Temples of pagan gods converted to charches ... 25 

XL The Capitol 26 

XIL The two horses of marble, or the Caballos ... 29 
XUI. The horse of brass, or Marcos Aurelios . .31 

XIV. The Coliseum 33 

XV. The Pantheon 37 

XVI. Ara Caeli . . . .39 

XVn. The tomb of Augustus 42 

XVni. The Septizonium 44 

XIX. The arch of Priscus Tarquinius 45 

XX. The CantharuB in the forecourt of S. Peter's ... 46 

XXI. The tombs of Romulus and Remus 47 

XXII. The palace of Trajan and Hadrian 48 

XXIII. The ' conk ' or bath of Constantine .... 49 

XXrV. ' Omnis terra ' or Monte Testaccio 50 

XXV. The rulers of Rome from Romulus to Tarquin (part 

missing) 52 

XXVI. The rulers of Rome from Tarquin to Frederick II (part 

missing) 53 

b2 



iv CONTENTS 



PART II 

PAGE 

Preface 60 

Chapter I. S. Pietro 61 

II. S. Paolo 66 

IIL S. Sebastiano 67 

IV. S. Qiovanni Laterano 71 

V. S. Croce 76 

YI. S. Lorenzo fuori 79 

YU. S. Maria Maggiore 83 

VIIL Station at S. Sabina 85 

IX. Station at S. Giorgio in Velabro 87 

X. Station at SS. Qiovanni e Paolo 89 

XI. Station at S. Trifone 92 

XII. Station at S. Qiovanni Laterano 94 

XIIL Station at S. Pietro in Vincoli 96 

XIV. Station at S. Anastasia 98 

XV. Station at S. Maria Maggiore 100 

XVI. Station at S. Lorenzo in Panisperna .101 

XVIL Station at SS. Apostoli 102 

XVin. Station at S. Pietro , 104 

XIX. Station at S. Maria in Dominica 104 

XX. Station at a Clemente 105 

Station at S. Balbina 107 

Station at S. CeciUa 109 

Station at S. Maria in Trastevere Ill 

XXIV. Station at aVitale -.112 

XXV. Station at SS. Marcellino e Pietro 113 

XX VL Station at S. Lorenzo fuori 114 

XXVn. Station at S. Marco 115 

XXVm. Station at S. Pndenziana 117 

XXIX. Station at S. Sisto 118 

XXX. Station at SS. Cosma and Damiano .... 120 

XXXL Station at S. Lorenzo in Lucina 122 

XXXn. Station at S. Susanna 123 

XXXHL SUtion at S. Grooe 124 

XXXIV. Station at SS. Quattro Coronati 126 

XXXV. Station at S. Lorenzo in Damaso 1 28 

XXXVL Station at 8. Paolo 130 

XXXVn. Station at S. Martino ai Monti 131 

XXXVm. Station at S. Eutebio 133 

XXXIX. Station ai S. Nicola in Carcere 134 





CONTENTS 






V 




PAOB 


Chapter XL. 


Station at 8. Pietro .135 


XLI. 


Station at S. Crisogono 






. 137 


XLH. 


Station at S. Ciriaco .... 






. 138 


XLIII. 


Station at S. Marcello. 






. 140 


XLIV. 


Station at S. Apollinare 






. 142 


XLV. 


Station at S. Stefano Botondo 






. 144 


XTiVT. 


Station at S. Giovanni a Porta Latina 






. 145 


XLVll. 


Station at 8. Giovanni Laterano . 






146 


XLVUL 


Station at S. Prassede .... 






147 


XTiIX. 


Station at S. Prisca .... 




* 


149 


L. 


Station at S. Maria Maggiore 






150 


LI. 


Station at S. Giovanni Laterano . 






151 


LIL 


Station at S. Croce 






152 


LIIL 


Station at S. Giovanni Laterano . 






. 154 


LIV. 


Station at S. Maria Maggiore 

PART m 






. 155 



Pbbpace 
Chapter L 
II. 

m. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIIL 

IX. 

X. 

XI. 

xir. 

XIII. 



• • • • • • • • • • aX vw 

S. Maria Rotondu 157 

S. Maria Araceli (part misBing) 158 

(MiBsing) — 

S. Maria Bopra Minerva (part mbsing) . .159 

S. Maria Annonziata 160 

S. Maria in Traspontina 161 

S. Maria delle Palme (Domine qao vadis) .162 

S. Maria del Popolo 163 

S. Maria de Penis infemi (S. Maria Liberatrice) .165 

S. Maria in Cosmedin 167 

S. Maria Lnperatrice 168 

S. Maria della Consolazione 169 

S. Maria in Portion (part miaaing) 170 



Index 



171 



VI 



EXPLANATORY NOTE 



!> = th. 



^ = g or y ; Bomeiimes at the end of a word it may mean h or gh, pronounced 
or silent. 

n = n or ▼ as the case may be. 

i is sometimes shown short and sometimes long (i or I). Whenever instances 
of its use in the latter form can be expressed by the more modern 'j' this 
has been done : e. g. both the forms ' iewis ' and ' jewis ', ' ion ' and ' jon ', &c., 
will be found in the transcript. The long I is generally used to indicate 
the personal pronoun or the beginning of a sentence. (See Facsimile, 
f. 387 r, lines 1 and 3, and last line : ' In att he? peynes pe '.) 

Only the punctuation actually indicated in the MS. itself has been entered 
in the transcript. 

Italics in the text of the transcript represent contractions, which, for the 
sake of convenience, have been expanded and written in fQll. Words under- 
lined in the same are underlined in the MS. (See Facsimile, f. 387 r, lines 5, 
16, and 17.) Whether this was done by the writer or by a reader is difficult 
to say. It has therefore been shown in every case wherever it occurs. 



PREFACE 



FoTiR years ago this MS. was shown to the Rev. H, M. Bannister 
by Mr. Madan, one of the Bodleiaii Librarians, with the suggestion 
that he should publish it if he thought it of sufficient value. It so 
happened that the editor was present on this occaaion, and when 
Mr. Bannister made a short examination of the MS., the first chap- 
ter which came under particular notice was that entitled ' Omnia 
terra'. This expression alone, as applied to Monte Testaccio, 
sufficed to show that the work was of considerable interest, and 
likely to yield some valuable information. 

Mr. Bannister, whose whole time is fully occupied with bis 
own special studies, could not, however, find leisure to undertake 
the necessary transcription, and the editor — although he had 
never attempted anything of the kind before — offered to do his 
best if Mr. Bannister would kindly help him with bis advice. 
Mr. Bannister was good enough to promise his assistance, and it 
has been most generously given; indeed, it is not too much to 
say that, without it, the editor would have been quite unequal 
to the task for want ot experience. 

At this time the name of the author was unknown ; but it was 
hoped to be able to ascertain the date of the work, to compare the 
facts therein mentioned with those given by known contemporaries, 
and so test the accuracy and powera of observation of the writer. 
Fortunately, the MS. yielded abundant information on these points. 
It was clear that ho was an Augustinian friar, and the author of 
another work entitled Concordia ' (see p. 92 and the facsimile of 
f. 387 r of the MS.) ; that he was in Rome during the pontificate of 
Nicholas V (1447-54); and that be came on a pilgrimage under 
the special protection of Sir Thomas Tudenhani, a gentleman of 
Norfolk, near King's Lynn, who was executed for high treason in 
1461. As there was an Augustinian house at King's Lynn, the 
natural inference was that the author came from it. Whether or 
not he wrote the book in England from notes taken in Rome — 

 Ct K E. Text Sooietf, to), oxl, IBIO, p. US. In & Mnnon «hicli Jufan <^pgMra 

prMched kt Cambridge id 1422, he ikjn : ' ThU male? i« prmiiid with grtte euydana , , . 

In )« book wheuh 1 nud to N >l>bot ofSeynt I*mes at NorbniuploD In lAtJn, whsoh boka 

I iuun«d Ccneordik, b«-<»UM it in mnil lo rerurme chiuitg be-twji Sr^t Auguatinca 

Kud hii cbaDonei.' 




vui PREFACE 

from mtemal evidence it is probable that he did — he must have 
gathered the information he gives us between the years 1447 and 
1452, inasmuch as he mentions the recent death of Henry Beaufort, 
Bishop of Winchester, who died April 11, 1447, and describes John 
Kempe as Cardinal of S. Batbina and Archbishop of York, which he 
ceased to be in July, 1452, on promotion to the higher rank of 
Cardinal Bishop of S. Bufina and Archbishop of Canterbury. From 
several passages one can infer that Rome was much crowded when 
he was there, so that he probably took part in the Jubilee of 1450, 
for in the fifteenth century the population of Rome was not great. 

Fortunately we have other records of pilgrims about this period, 
notably Giovanni Rucellai, a Florentine merchant, and Niklaua 
Muffel, a Niimberg patrician. We have Ranulf Higden and 
Adam de Usk (an official of the Papal Court) for the period from 
1350 circa to 1416, before our chronicler's visit ; we can also consult 
von HarflTs Pilgerfahrt, and the anonymous author of Ein Siuldein, 
&ti„ Strossburg, 1500, for the latter part of the fifteenth century. 

But the most complete test of our author's accuracy is that he 
was in the habit of copying inscriptions and lists of relics in jnost 
of the chorchea which he visited. Fi-om those inscriptions which 
still exist (and there are several) it will be seen that our Augustinian 
friar is in every caae letter-perfect. We con therefore accept hia 
testimony as to those which have since disappeared. His keenness 
of observation is remarkable, and he has this one great superiority 
to most mediaeval writers : viz., that he is ma'^t careful not to put 
down a thing unless he has either seen it himself, or has, in his 
opinion, the best of authority for it. As examples of this refer, 
firstly, to what he says about the arckua Prisci Targuinii (p. 45): 
and, secondly, about the relics at 8. Lawrence in Panisperna 
{p. 102), In the former case he reproaches himself, and admits 
frankly that he either did not take the trouble to see, or failed to 
find the monument, and in the second that he did not make a copy 
of the list of relics because of the press of people there at the time. 
Ilia topography is, as u rule, most accurate, and he is a most careful 
observer and a well-read man. For his facts regarding ancient 
Rome he depends on the Mirabilia, the guide-book of all eilucated 
pilgrims of this period. It is also interesting to note that after his 
death he is sometimes styled ' Beatus ', and Henry Vll is known to 
have made an oSort to have him canonized. 

There is a great wealth of mediaeval legendary lore in Port I of 
the MS. This has been compared with the works of some of the 



PREFACE ix 

best aathors on this subject, notably Adinolfi and Graf. The 
author takes this opportunity of acknowledging his indebtedness to 
Graf's Roma nella tnemoria e nell' imviaginasione del Medio Evo, 
i vols., l\irin, 1880, a book which has been of the greatest help, 
and has been very freely quoted. The legends regarding the lives 
of the saints in Parts II and III have also been compared with the 
recognized authorities on this subject. 

It will be observed that the editor has not entered upon any 
critical examination of the work or the text, for which, indeed, he 
feels that he is not qualified. He has merely made what he hopes 
is a faithful transcript, and has further attempted to illustrate the 
MS. by quoting from the writings of contemporary authors, and of 
others who have dealt with the subject-matter of this chronicle. 
The present volume was originally intended only to be published 
privately for the members of the British and American Society of 
Rome, as an interesting description of Home by an Englisli pilgrim. 
The editor had, at first, no idea of appealing to a wider audience. 
But a discovery made only a few weeks ago, at the time when this 
book was ready for publication, has thrown an entirely new light 
upon it. The author's identity has now been ascertained. This is 
a hitherto lost work of John Capgrave, Prior of King's Lynn and 
Provincial of the Auguatinian Order, a well-known writer and his- 
torian of the fifteenth century. The discovery was made in the 
following manner. 

On his way from Rome to Oxford, the editor took the transcript 
of the MS. to Sir George Warner at the British Museum, to ask his 
opinion as to the authorship of the MS. From the above-mentioned 
data he considered that the author might possibly be John Capgrave 
(1393-1464), who was known to have written a description of 
Rome. Tliis description bad disappeared, with the exception of two 
fragments which are attached to the binding of two other Capgrave 
MSS. at Oxford (Alt Soulsandltalliol College Libraries). Sir George 
Warner then showed the British Museum Capgrave MS. to the 
editor, who was at once struck with the remarkable similarity of 
its handwriting to that of the present work. This can )je observed 
by comparing the facsimile of the script of this work with that of 
the British Museum MS. The latter can be seen in E. K Text 
Society, vol. cxl. 1910, On comparing the text of the two frag- 
ments (which can he seen in vol. i of the Kolls Series, p. 35.5) 
with that of our MS., it was found that the latter was almost an 
exact copy of portions of chapters XI, XII, and XIII of Part 1 of 



X PItEFACE 

thia book.' There was now no possible doubt thnt tlie present work 
is the lost description of Rome by John Capgrave, and that a literary 
discovery of considerable importance had been made. 

The further examination of the fragments in question, and of 
other MSS, reputed to be Capgrave 's autograph works, was left to 
the Rev. H. M. Bannister, as the editor felt that be was not quali- 
fied for that task. The result of Mr. Bannister's investigations at 
Oxford, Cambridge, and London, will be found in his Inti-oductory 
Note. 

It now only remains to express the editor's thanks to those who 
have been good enough to help him, without which assistance he 
feels that the task would have been one beyond his powers. First 
and foremost his moat grateful thanks are due to his friend, the 
Rev. H. M. Bannister, who, whenever it was required, has been 
moat kind in giving his guidance and advice. He also wishes 
to mention his deep sense of the courtesy of the authorities of the 
Bodleian Library, who have readily granted him every facility for 
the transcription and publication of the work. Thanks are also due 
to the Provost of Oriel and to Father Ehrle, Prefect of the Vatican 
Library, who have kindly permitted the editor to reproduce the 
miniatures iu Oriel MS. 132 and Vatican Cod. Eteginen. 1880. Dr. 
Ashby, of the British School of Rome, has kindly helped with his 
advice, and permiasion to reproduce the illustrations of the Carnival 
on Monte Testaccio and the churches of Rome from old and rare 
prints in his possession. The editor also wishes to express bis 
obligation to Br. Ch. Hiilsen, and to authors whose works he has 
made use of. more especially to Professor Arturo Graf and to Mr. 
F. M. Nichols, a member of the British and American Archaeological 
Society. 

C. A. MILLS. 

OxroBD, Augutt, 1911. 



I 



' Ttma t. ISt r, 1. 27, (o f. IM v. 1. 2, of the MS, ; cf. pp. 26-83. 



XI 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE 

In the Preface the editor has shown how the MS. here published was 
ascertained to be the long-lost work on Rome by John Capgrave. My con- 
nexion with it has been confined to: (1) an examination of the MS., with 
a suggestion as to its date and orthography ; (2) ad?ice as to the method of 
editing it; and (3) an investigation as to whether it can claim to be an 
actual autograph of the author. 

1. The MS. 2322 (Bodley MS. 423), 1 + 416 leaves of parchment and 
paper, 272 x 197 mm., is a composite volume containing five MSS.,' of which 
the Capgrave is the last ; but as the other four came as a donation from 
Dr. W.Cotton, Bishop of Exeter, in 1605, and were bound together with it 
by Sir Thomas Bodley's orders, they need not be considered here. It is to 
be regretted that our MS. was then considerably cut down both in length 
and breadth to match the other four, hence its marginalia are now incom- 
plete, and the original pagination was so cut away that it had to be refoliated 
as ff. 355-414. At present it consists of eight quires of eight parchment 
leaves ; the third one lacks its middle four leaves, and the last one has one 
missing leaf; the rest of the MS. is now lost. It bears on its first page the 
title ' Stations of Rome ' in Bodley's handwriting. 

There are no signs of Norfolk provenance in the rest of the volume ; the 
only name added in our MS. is that on f. 387 v of Warner, a common Norfolk 
name, but there is nothing to show what connexion he had with the MS. 

(a) Date of the toork. Dr. Fumivall (Early English Text Society, vol. c, 
p. viii) has suggested that it was at some date after 1422 and before e. 1437, 
when he settled down to write his Annals, that Capgrave went to Rome and 
was there in his illness helped by Bishop Qrey. These dates, however, are 
not consistent with the bishop's movements, for his sojourn in Italy was 
mostly after 1442, and he did not take up his abode in Rome until 1449. 
This date fits in admirably with that assigned by the editor to our MS., 
viz. c. 1460. 

(6) Orthography. The present MS. adds considerably to our knowledge 
of the Middle English of the fifteenth century ; for an account of this, the 
reader is referred to the recent editions of two of John Capgrave's other 

> I am much indebted to Mr. Madan for allowing me to lee hit copy for the next Tolume 
of the Summary Catalogue, 

b2 



xii INTRODUCTORV NOTE 

English works in vols, c And cxl of the Early English Text Society, and 
to the OloBMry at the end of vol. i of the Rolls Series. A further notice 
of Capgrave's English can be seen in Joltn Capgrave und dit englieehe 
Sehrififpraehe, a doctor's diaputatioii hy William Dibelius, Friedrich- 
Wilhelma University, Berlin, 1899. 

2. I have saggestod that the practice of the Early English Text Society 
shoald be retained aa to the use of the \i and the ;, in the typograpliical 
reproduction of the final g, H, iD, and ?, and in the universal use, aa In the 
MS. of u for v ; but as to punctHatioii I felt that the custom of the 
MS. should be invariably retained; it may occasionally be defective and 
misleading, and, to our minds, it is always incomplete, but I thiak that the 
small additional effort demanded of the reader ia preferable to an arbitrary 
editorial trampling on the transcription of the text. For the same reason 
I have not advised thiLt hvphens should be inserted between adverbs and 
their adjectives, or between t»yo words which ore now joined together, such 
as on to, wttfi in, be for, for the MS. in very few instances lessens iu tlieir 
case the space betweeo the weirds, and capital letters are not used for such 
words where only modern custom demands them, unless the test gives some 
warranty for their u»e. 

The text of the MS. iu every case treats the final syllables of words ending 
in -ion, such as ojipoittion, petition, Tneditation, religion (cf. Early English 
Text Society, vol. cil, p. 61), as wiitten -tou witli contraction mark for n 
over the u and not as -ion. The u and n of the MS. are pi-actically identical 
in form ; the letter is here written as intended by the scribe, and the example 
of the Early English Text Suciety, vol. cxxii, pp. 510, &c, which prints Eiuaa 
for Eneaa because the second letter looks more like a u than an n, has not 
been followed. I am aware that in this advice I am departing from the 
usual modem practice, but the exact transcription of the text appears to me 
to be of more importauce than an attempt to render it more intelligible to 
some of its reotlers. 



3. The question as to John Capgrave's autograph is more difficult than 
appears at first sight; it has been seriously compromised hy the fact that 
almost without exception every early MS. of his writings has been called his 
autograph by recent editors and cataloguers. For convenience of reference 
these MSS. are here recited: — 

No. 1. Liber deillustribusUenricis. CorpusChristt, Cambridge, US. 408. 
„ 2. Livesof8.Augnstitie,S.OU- Brit. Uus. Add. US. 36704. 
bert, Ac. 



if 

» 
>> 
i» 
19 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE xiii 

No. 3. Description of Rome. Bodleian MS. 423 — the pregent one. 

. i:. X r ^ , JAU Souls MS. 17. 

4. Fragments of „ Flyleaves of ^^^.^^ ^g ^^^ 

5. Commentary on Genesis. Oriel MS. 132. 

6. „ „ Exodus. Bodl. Duke Humphrey MS. b. 1. 

7. „ „ the Acts. BaUiol MS. 1 89. 

8. The Chronicle of England. Univ. Libr. Cambridge, Gg. 4. 12, 

9. Commentary ou the Creeds. BaUiol MS. 190. 
10. „ „ „ All Souls MS. 1 7. 

„ 11. Life of St. Norbert. Phillipps Library^ Cheltenhaou 

The article on John Capgrave in the Dictionary of NationeUt Biography 
applies the term ' autograph ' to 1, 5, 8, 10, and perhaps 7. This statement 
is apparently founded on Preb. HLngeston-Randolph's Introd. to Nos. 1 and 
7 in the Rolls Series, vol. vii, pp. li, 124, 183, 211 \ and vol. i, pp. xiii, xvi, 
XX, xxvi, 356, and is accepted by Dr. Furnivoll, Early English Text Society, 
vol. c (1893), pp. xiii, xiv, xviii, and by Dr. Horstmann, Nova Legenda 
Angliae (Oxford, 1901), vol. i, p. Ixviii, who includes in the list of auto- 
graphs No. 11. The Catalogue of Additions to the MSS. in the British 
Museum, MDCCCC-MDCCCCV (\W7), p. vii, speaks of No. 2 as 'auto- 
graph ', and states that ' the hand, both of text and corrections, agrees with 
that ' of No. 8, ' which there seems to be adequate reason for regarding as 
Capgrave*s MS.,' and refers to the Dictionary of National Biography for 
several other of his works occurring in the same hand. The latest editor of 
Capgrave, Mr. J. J. Munro, in his Introd. to the Lives of S. Augustine, 
S. Gilbert, &c. (Early English Text Society, vol. cxl (1910), p. iz), states that 
No. 2 is in Capgrave's own hand, with his characteristic orthography, and 
contains the author's corrections in the text. 

Mr. E. W. B. Nicholson, Bodley's Librarian, in an insertion in Mr. F. 
Madan's Summary Catalogue of Western MSS., &c, vol. vi, Pt. I, states that 
* The companion Genesis ', i.e. No. 5, * shows that the Exodus ' (No. 6) pur- 
chased for the Bodleian in January, 1907, 'is in Capgrave*s own hand.' 
Similar conceptions can be seen in K. K. Yickers, Humphrey Duke of 
Gloucester (London, 1907), * the original copy is at Oriel'; and Dr. M. R, 

> 'The style of the writing of Cambridge, Qg. 4. 12, corresponds very closely with that 
of those MSS. of Capgrave which are known, by nnmistakable evidence, to have been 
written by his own hand. ... A comparison of all the extant MSS. leaves no doubt as to 
the identity of the author's handwriting and which of them are autographs ' (Rolls Series, 
vol i, p. xxvi). * The writing of No. 1 corresponds exaetiy with that of Nos. 4, 7, 8, 10. 
Two at least of these MSS. contain good, though not strictly conclusive, evidence that they 
are in the handwriting of their author ' (RolU Series, vol. vii, p. li). 



INTRODUCTOIIY NOTE 



II thf Library of Corpvt Chritli 
lutograpb M8. is Univ. library, 



Jameb'a DtKrijHive Catalogue of the MSS. i 
CoUegt. Cambrid-je (1910), p. 378, ' 
Gg. 4. 12." 

Double, however, arom aa to the Btatement iti the Introduction to 7%$ 
Chronicle of England, BoIIb Seriea, vol, i, p. 356, that the lianiiwritiDg of 
Nu. 4 (the frngmentB of the Quide to the Antiquities of Borne) was ' identical 
with that of the Engliab Chronicle and the other worke of John Cnpgrave, of 
which we possess the autographs', and Prof Napier's letter of May 16, 
1 892 (Early English Text Society, vol. c, p. ssxlv), proved that ' neither the 
fly-leaves of All Souls' 17 nor the body of that MS. are iu the same hand as 
the CBmbridge University MS. of the Chronicle ; all three are different '. 

Doubts, too, have been expressed an to the validity of the argument founded 
on the use of the eo-called autograph which furius the colophon at the end 
of several MSS., /"eftViter jvr./oAn royj/rww, and of the trefoil-shaped mono- 
gram which is assumed to be Ibe private niaik of the author, which eilber 
nccumpsiiies the colophon or occurs in the margin of some of the MSS. 

The present seemed to be an appropriate time to investigate the above 
rtatementa, and to aBcertain, if possible, exactly how many MSS. are John 
CapgTBve's itutogr&ph. It has been my privilege to compare at the same 
time all the MSS. at Oxford, Nos. 3-6, 7, 9, 10, and to examine the two at 
Cambridge, Nos, I, 8, and the one at the British Museum, No. 2 — in fact, 
all the poisible ' autographs' of Capgrave with the exception of No, 11 — 
wilh the following results: — 

(i) The Itome fragments, No. 4, are scarcely (cf. Bolls Series, vol. i, 
p. 356) ' only first and rough copies ', aud that Ihit is the cause of the 
' universal carelessness of the spelling, and the incompleteness of many of 
the sentences'. My impression is that these leaves foimed part of a latt 
copy which must have been made from dictation, for no other explanation 
seems to account for the entirdy different spelling, e.g. my for tey, iiluer 
for tilvi/r, eonqutite for conqn/egl, tcktmea for se/nr ntrki», &c. ; a copy which 
liaa no words underlined and no initial letters inserted in colour, but waa 
left unfinished and rejected as only fit for fly-leaves of other MSS, No one 
can take np our present US. and compare it with the two fragments without 
being struck by its great superiority and accuracy. (Some of the errors ia 
the fragments ea printed in the Bolls Seiies, No. 7, ai e due not to the scribe ' 
but to the transcriber, who hue turned ' ehristes birth ' into ' giftes such ', hiis 
omitted (he word ' puemm ' which is necessary for the scansion of a hexa- 
meter, and has printed ' exameron ' as ' epistolarium '.) 

(ii) ftlieiUr per John Cajigrace, which forms the colophon in Not, 1, 
6-7, 9-1 1, is, Judging by the form of the letters a, I, p, the work of at leait 



h 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE xv 

four or fire different uribos; !ti poBition variea, for it occara either as 
> lepsr&te clause, attaclied to or wparate from the text of the eorpui libri, 
or »8 part of the Ineepit, &o., or na FtUciler ouly. In tbe preacntation 
copiea to Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and Bishop Grey, Nos. 5-7, which 
I believe to have been written by profeaaional copyislH. these words are 
undoubtedly by the hand of Ihe copyiat. The expreaaion is doubtleaa derived 
from the author's colophon in the original copy, aa we lilial) aee in the De 
illtuMbut Jlenrieii, No. 1, hut it was retained and copied more or less 
exactly by subsequent acribea. Thus Genesis and Eiodus. though the work 
of the same copyiat, differ in that the former uses Ftlidur only whilst the 
Utter has F. ]i. J. C. The argument founded ou the occurrence of these 
vorxls has been unduly forced, for Ihey do not bear the interpretkUon 
Dsually assigned to them. 

(iii) The trefoil mark occurs in Nos, I, 5-11, either in block or red; its 
shape varies considerably, being either witli or without a. atalk, the ehape of 
which is seldom made in the same way. It la foand occasionally in the 
margina of some M8S., in places which do not seem to have called for special 
notice, except that it is affixed to the year of the author's birth, to his 
personal opinion, ' we think that ', and to references to the resurrection. It 
is aleo used in connexion with, either before or after, the Fdieiter jttr John 
Cap^rave. It used to be called the private monogram of John Capgrave, 
bnt recent editors have felt that this is an unsafe argument, e. g. Air. Munro 
(Early English Text Society, vol. cxl, p. 10), ' the monogram itself is not 
infallible, nor is the Fttieiltr, &c., for both of these were liable to be copied ' ; 
and Prof. Napier writes (loc. cit.), ' the sign may have been copied from the 
exemplar.' 

(iv) What authority have such ezprenioQa aa Inctpit . . . hoe optu . . . « 
ficiljinem ^jutdem, as found in the Oenesis and the Exodus 1 Do they 
necessarily refer to the copying of the MS. and not to the composition of the 
work itself! The use of the third persou instead of the first, snd of hoc opus 
instead of hune librum, though not conclusive, ia at least suggestive; 
I bcHevB that in mo»t cases the original colophon in the author's copy was 
copied by the transcriber, without any intention of mit'leading or fear of 
misapprehension. As a matter of fact, of how many mediaeval authors do 
we possess the ipsiitima tcripta 1 They wrote either rough notes or rough 
eopy, occasionally they made a fair copy, but as a rule this was done by 
professional scribes, who pi-oduced the exemplar which served for others in 
other scriptorium. Unless a MS. giyes us, either by some 
•xpresaion in the text or by its known handwriting, Eome evidence to the 
oontrary, no copy of any work should be regarded as written by the author. 




«i INTRODUCTORY NOTE 

(v) Of the ten MS8. examined, three are the work of one scribe, two 4 
another, bat the remaiiiing 6ve are due to difTerent copyiBtB. It U t 
that the dates of the works copied extend from 143B to 1461, jet, especial 
in the hirger MSS., most of them show signs of a common scriplonum by tl 
ruling of the lines, tiie underlining in red, and the scroll mark at the end a 
the quires ; one can detect the same illuminators and the eame revtsen 
but the writing itself varies considerably, being either an cccieeiaatical si 
(preferred for the Latin IISS.), occasionally bodJy formed, or the ti3tu 
English sci'tpt of the fifteenth century; in the case of the Genesis, Ezodu 
and Acts both are employed. 

(vi) The same scribe probably copied Noa. 5 and 6, the Genesis i 
Exodus; both MSS. have for the Bible text a larger script than t 
employed for the Expoiilto, and at first sight the hands seem dissimilar (of 
especially No. 6, f. 75 r), but there is no reason why difference of parchmentjl 
of pen, and of ink may not account for this. Hence, though a second scribi 
is suggested by the different position of the Fclieiler and by the varyi 
words of the IncejiU, &c., I atlribute to the same trained copyist both thei 
presentation copies to Duke Humphrey. 

(vii) There is one MS., however, which is undoubtedly the autograph o 
John Capgrave : No, 1 , the De iltuitribu* Uenricia at Corpus Christi Colleg^l 
Cambridge. At pp. 135, 138, where the author gives the title and inctpiffl 
of ceiiain works which he bad seen, he uses a thicker pen or darker ink inl 
order to make these I'tMipit more prominent; but for the last example biflfl 
memory failed him, and be inserted later on, in a third quality of ink,' ' iani.'l 
non recorder qwrntara ad man»« non est.' There is no change whatever ial 
the handwriting. This proof of autograph seems decisive and uuanswerable ;< 
no one but Capgrave himself could have inserted these words. (The English 1 
words on p. 1 OS, ' make no space but writh forth invdcato ' (see Rolls Series, J 
vol. vii, p. U), a direction for some future copyist, may be and in fact seentl 
to be the work of a subsequent reviser, but the ' corrige librum quia erronee j 
scribifur' on p. 83 is apparently by the author.) 

With this MS. before us, we ore able to point out two others which \(Tm 
the rules of Iheir Libraries cannot be compared side by side, but whidtl 
a careful examination of each letter proves to be by Capgrave faimseUL \ 
These are : 

(a) No. 2. British Museum, Add. MS. 36704, which the Catalogue rightly J 
calls ' autograph ', but it unfortunately quotes as a similar hand No. 8, thfl I 
Cambridge University copy of Tht CItronicle; the alphaliot, however, of this I 

' Kimilu chan^orquftlity or ink caa be Bceu on pp. 1I3-9S; the MS. cleirljr wu not 4 
tli wrilUn at one tiuie ; cf. p|i, US, 111. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE xvii 

MS. in at least eight letters, a, h, d, h, k, I, m, to, is entirely difiPerent, This 
can be seen by a comparison of the facsimiles in Early English Text Society, 
vol. cxly and in the Rolls Series, vol. i. 

No. 2 bears some evidence on the fly-leaf, f. 3 r, as to the author : * 'hlcigtsUr 
lohannes Capgrave conuenttM linn fectt istum li6rum ex precepto uniu« 
gen^rose.' The expression facere lihnim (not optu) seems to refer to the 
writing of the MS. ; hence, with the palaeographical evidence before me, I 
share the opinion of Mr. Munro, who apparently had not seen the Corpus 
MS., that No. 2 is a holograph of Capgrave's. 

(6) The MS. now edited, A comparison of the collotype of f. 38 7r of this 
MS., here printed, with that of No. 2 (Early Elnglish Text Society, vol. cxl) 
leaves no doubt as to their both having been written by the same man ; the 
words augtistinuB (augustyn), ordre (orde?), tittled (entytled), seynt, /^er, and 
whech occur on both facsimiles ; the words ' concordia * aud * ye ^ere of ou? 
lord a mccccxij ' of our collotype can be seen on ff. 116, 117 of the British 
Museum MS. It appears to me that the identity is indisputable. 

(viii) Judging by Dr. Furnivairs account (Early English Text Society, 
vol. c, pp. xliv, xlv), the MS. at Cheltenham would appear to be an 
autograph. 

(ix) There is, however, another source of evidence open to us : the script 
of contemporary or early revisers of the text. Did John Capgrave correct 
any of the MSS. which he did not write himself, and if he did, may not his 
autograph appear in the margins or between the lines of their text I One 
would naturally expect corrections by the author of a pi^esentation copy of 
any of his works, in order that the accuracy of the copy should be guaran- 
teed, but in the MSS. before us each one without exception bears some 
witness in this sense (later additions do not concern us), and the writing of 
at least three or four revisers can be made out. 

Taking them in order and summarizing my notes, I find that — 

No. 1 . In almost every page Capgrave has inserted words above the line 
with a red sign (/\) below, and in the margins ; I see no trace of any other 
reviser. 

No. 2. Nearly all the corrections are due to the scribe himself. 

No. 3. The text has frequently been altere<l by erasures or by a red 
deleting line, without any advisory indications in the margin. This is what 
one would expect if the author were personally revising his own writing. 

No. 4 was left in its impeifect state. 

Nos. 6 and 6. Both MSS. were carefully looked over by some one who 
inserted in red (in the margin and between the lines of the text) words 
which weie to be altered or inserted ; where the words erroneously written 

c 



xTJii 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE 



in the text were bo many tliat aa erasure was impossible, va . , , eat is 
writteu at their beginning and end. These temporary renilings were almost 
always erased ns soon aa they had served their purpose and the original 
scribe hud inseiled tbem io tlie text. Theae corrections are naturotly fewer 
in the Exodus than in the Genesis. To Capgrave may possibly be ascribed 
the words ' contra sacerdotea tfrrarios ' (!) in the Geuesis, chapter 45 — they 
are not a correction of the text, but are apparently the expression of the 
aathor calling attention to its purport. 

No. 7 has very few alterations, all apparently by the first hand — tbc ' in 
ydiomate' in the margin of Acts, chapter 21, is preceded by the red line and 
point (1.) which occurs five times in oar MS. 

No. 8 has been carefully revised by the original scribe. 

No. 9. Capgrave'a hand is probably to be xeen in the margins of ff. 6 v, 
49 V, 1 1 1 r (in the latter page the red I. appears) ; the other few corrections 
are either by the original scribe, or by the reviser of the All Souls MS. 

No. 10. On pp. 175, 204 I detect the hand of Capgrave, and I note that 
the reviser of No. 9 also exercised his office on this MS. ; a reference to the 
Book of Judges occurs by the same hand in All Soula, pp. 2, 77, and in 
Balliol 190, ff. 4t, 42r; 'iste B.;mo ' &c., All Souls, p. 60, 13 by the scribe 
who wrote ' idem sermo est ' in Bulliol 190, f. 33 r, but the ' Iterwxi Sim- 
boliuit hugonis ' of p. 4 is, as in No. 9, apparently by Capgrare. 

But a discussion of such details ivotJd lead us too fai' ; they are only 
B corollary to the endence that we have produced as to the autograph of 
Capgrave beingfoundinthree MBS.: C.C.C.Camb.408, B.M. Add. MS. 36704, 
and in the volume now under examination — but in the text of no other MS. 



HENRY MARRIOTT BANNISTER. 



OxTOBD, Au^iH 5, 1911. 



• • • . • • 
• -» , ' . • 



• • •  • • 

• • • • • 



YE SOLACE OP PILQEIMES 

Uakt men in J^is world aftyr he? pilgrfmage haue left memoriales of f. 855 r 
Bwech ])iDgi8 as ]>ei haue herd and seyn ]7at nowt only here eres Bchuld be? 
witnesse but eke he? eyne. So ded pictagoras ]?at trauayled as seith seyfit 
ierome be ]>e prophetis memphetik. So did plato |?at laboured }x>rw egipt 
and alle )>oo cuntres of itayle wech we? called sumtyme grecia maior^ 
not aschamed he )>at was a maystir at atenes schuld be a pilgrtme for to 
leme strange )>ingi8 namely in strauTige cuntrees. To on eke ]>&t was 
clepid titus liuit^« came many men owt of spayn on to rome mo? for \>e 
fame of ]>e man ]7an ]>e fame of ):e cite for to here him trete and dispute 
of pe werkys of natu? and \>e maneres of men whech are comeTidable, 
This same clerk seynt jerom ]>ai wiytith alle pese storyes he him selue 
laboured all ]>e holy loud to knowe })e spaces and ]>e townes })e? ):e holy 
patrtarches dwelt sumtyme & sp^ctaly ]^? our lord ihu) with his holy presens 
halowid ]>e circuite. Y«rfo? ]>ei 'pa.t wil knowe })is processe lete hem rede 
"pe same book of seynt ierom whech is called de distanciis locorum. Also 
))e? was a man of uenys whech pei called marcus paulus he laboured aH pe 
Eoudanes londc and descryued on to us pe natu? of pe cunt? pe condiciones 
of pe men and pe stately amy of pe grete cane houshold. Eke jon 
maundeuyle knyth of yiiglaud aftir his labou? made a book ful solacious on 
to his nacyoun. Aftyr all Jjese grete cryeris of many wonderfull ]>iugis I wyl  
folow with a smal pypying of swech i^traunge sitis as I haue seyn and swech | 
straunge }?ingis as I haue herd. No man blame me ]70w he be leue not ]>at 
I schal write for I schal not wnte but ]?at I fyude in auctores & ]rat is for 
a pnncipall, or ellis ))at I sey with eye and ]7at is for a secundari, or ellis 
J'at I suppose is Both lete ]7at be of best aucturite. On to all men of my 
nacioun ]7at schal rede }?is present book and namely on to my special mayst' 
sir thomas tudenham ^ undyr whos i>roteccioun my i)ylgrimage was sp^ctaly 
Bped I recomeude my sympiluesse praying hem of pacieus in pe rcdyug |?at 

groeia maior. 

* Corrected thus in MS. : tp-tlt <frtce. 

* Sir Thomas Tudenham wa*i IS yeaw old in 141/ ; married Alice, daughter of John 
Wodehouiie, before he was of age ; had uo issue ; obtained a divorce Nov. 2*2, 1436 ; 
and was beheaded on Tower Hill on Feb. 22, 1461, together with John, pjirl of Oxford, 
the EarFs son Aubrey, John Montgomery, and William Tyrrell, for correMponding 
with Margaret of Anjtm, wife of llc-nry VI. He was Lord of the Manor of Oxburgh, 
in the NW. j»art of the County of Norfolk, not far from King's Lynn. There were three 
houses of Austin friars in the county, one at Norwich, one at Thetford,and one at King'a 
Lynn (Blomefield, Norfolk, vol. vi, p. 174, n. 4, i». 175). 

B 




2 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

]wi lake uo bed at no craflj langage whe? noa is but at )>e good entent Ol 
^e make?. If je wil algatu wite what ye Iraok Bchal hite me ]>mkitb best to ' 
kalle it Bol&ce of pilgn'mys in wbecb Bchal be all ^e descripcioun declared of 
rome )»t was before achortly drawe in a mappa.' The forme of ou? werk 
schal be ordred pns. The iirst part schal declare the dispoBicioun of rome 
fro hia first inakyng. The secuTide part Bcbat decbif ^ holj'oeaEe of ]m 
anme place fro bia first crystenJam. These be ^e clupeteres of j^e first parL 
fl Whech wet |Je first foundatotiV of rome. pn'uii. 
^ Of |ie dyutrse jatia wullia aud towria of rome. ii. 
H Of fw dyueisB brj*ggi# of rome. iit. 
H Of |9e dyuerse bUlis of rome. iiii. 
f. 355 V H Of (le inul/titude of paleys in rome. u. 

H Of ^e multitude of archca in lome rered for dyufrg uictoriea. ui. 

H Who many cjniyteries be in rome, uii. 

H Wiio maiiy D{>ir holy places & of kei' unuee be for it wa8 cristen. uiii. 

H Of ))at place iu sp«i»al )>at ta calle augulla sci pctri. ix, 

51 Of dyuers tcmplta of fala goddis now turuyd to Efrnyse of seyatM. x. 

11 Of l^e capitiile pn'ucipall place of )>e Cite, xi. 

H Of )>e loo hors of murblH and too mikid men wbecb ]>ti clepe "pe caballia. xi 

II Of ])e bors of broaae and ^e ryde? j^at atant at taterane. siii. 

11 Of J>at place wbecb f>ei clepe ]>e ooUiae. xiiii. 

II Of |:at place eke wbecb )7ei clepe pantheon, xu. 

H Of l^e fuy? place clepit kru cell. xui. 

H Of \>e tou? |pat Etaut fast be- pa jate wheeb is clepid porta flainiuca. xuii, I 

H Of |iut werk wbecb ]>ei clepe aeptisolium. xuiii. 

Ii Of }>e arcbe clepid prici tarquini. xuiUi. 

H Of f* place be fore seyut petres kyrk wbecb }>ei calle cantarus xx. 

H Of ]ie sepulcris of remiu aud romulua. xxi. 

H Of J)c paJejs longyng to traiane & adriane. xsii. 

H * Of })e conke in whech couatantine waa baptized, xxiii. 

or )>e gouernouris ia rome fro ^e tyme of romultM ou to {>e last 
larquinitu x xiiii. 

Of )» goDcrnoureB in rome fro )iat same kyDgi« on to \>e,t emp< 
begunne. xxo. 

OfaH }>e einp«roun'« from jnliui ceaar on to frederik. zxui. 



' The writer ii hera CTidently alluding to ui evij map or plui of Kome, but i 
it ia now impoMible to mj. 

* In ths mu^u (ap|Mcita the iioid ' coaauintine ') are the lettori ' place oii I 
roil of the word* luriu); been uul awny b bioiiiog this MS. with three ulhen. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Wbech WF? first fonnditloarii of r< 






of hem |»t first dwelt fert^ 
rouiulus bilid it firtit & j&»a 
lus de iiiirsl>ilil7M» mwidi [lat 



Of ye anctoi-ia or ellis ]>e tnakerlB of ronie 
ar0 many opynyooeB. Suiititie fey])at mnut 
fce? name to it but a geyn )>at oiiynyoan 
feilli it hith rome et- ^ae brethryu wp? !»?. For f>ese oppyuyones and 
many moo I wil procede be ordre and deckre on to )je reileres of f^e first 
dwelleri's of rome. The? was a cronicale? in ehle tjme wljecli \>ei called 
Estodiiis' wbos book is not now redyly fonnde but he ie rehersid in f>e 
newe? booVis BH for a trewe auclou?. Thus writith he that oftlr }>e tyme jiat 
Doe had eeyn who his Bnoeesaioun had bilid |j* hy too? of habilon & ueni- 
annce taken on pe puple in coufoBioun of tungis J>at sarae noe with certeyn 
of his freuschip in a litil schip seyled in to itayle dwelt and deyid in )mt 
eame place whech we clepe now rome,* Artir him dwelt yere janus ' his 
aone cthir croniclee cbIIc him ionicu* and j^i eey of hym pai be was a grcte 
Mtronoroe? for he tant J^at fciena on to nenibrofh he eke propheciod of ]xt 
regnes ]>al we? deryued fro pe eunnye of noe. For of oam was he belus bom 
kllerward kyng of aurry. Of tern sprouge )^ei of mede |>ei of p?rse and j^ei 
«ke of grece. And of iaphet come [le romaynes. Ttieae J-iiigia wrote t^is 
jonicMj and many otiiir, Neajr pe lasse for I am not sykyr wheythir / (leae f. 
too namea longyn to o man or to too ferfor I write what cronicles aey of 
janns. Innoa pc'i say with januB bis eon & his neue tamcae* biggid |ie 
cite wbecb f>ei called jauiclye and eke onyr tibur be mad a pnleya wheth he 
elepid jsniele in f)iit same place wbe? eeyut peUr chercb etant and ^c paleyB 
as I suppose for Jiia cause for fie hill a bone Jjese too hitb jet mons janienW. 
Bone after fiis tyme saturne whech was of bia owue son gelt and fled fro his 

' Altboogli he U mentioDed bji nuae in old chronldri no other trkoe of ths worki nf 
HMBodiut (Etcodiai, Ectodiui) can ba found. SometlineB ha ja, without uij jiiatifica- 
tioD, id«ntiard with Hsaiud, mi Mnuctimea with Metbodiaa (Nicbols, Tie MarvtU of 
Smni, part i, ch. i, p. S, n. 3). 

' Tbe lagead of Noah hating dind nt Roms ii TCr; fallj diiwaucd in A. Or>ra Soma 
ntlla ■Knuvin t mtir immaffimvionr dtl Midio Ero, % book whUli will be audi quoted 
Id part i of Uii* chroaido. From note IS, pp. 85-fl, rnl. i, of the uune, it wnald appear 
that naar the wetl-kaows Colonnaeoa, in the fiirum of Nerra, there wu an areh, known 
befora tbe fifteenth ceatnrj as the 'areh of Noah', probably a corruptioa of orou ^<raM 
(Graf, Roma neUa memoria, ftc, tot. I, pp. SO-Bl ; Ninholg, MarttU of Rome, part I, 
eh. i, p. 3, n. S). For another aoconnt oF the Area di Xoe, and the Arco di Oro or 
Jareo, aod the origini of tbeee name*, cF. Adinnlfi, lol. ii, pp. G8-9, uid pp. 63-4. 

' RHDulf Higden (bom in the latter end of the thirteenth century, died probablj in 
A.D. 1363) nfi : ' lanna vsro earn lano tillo Iaphet nepole mo tiaaa Tiberim lanicnlanl 
Onndidit, ubi motto eat ecdeaia Sanoti lobannii aU lanicDlnm ' (Higdo, Polyckronieott, ed. 
BabingtoD, London, 1865, to), i, p. 20S : Nioholii, MomU o/Si-m*. part i, ch. i. p. 3, n. 4). 

' He i> called Cameae in the Uirabilia ; and, in that work, ia not a rdative oF Jsnnl, 
bat a natire of ths plaoo, who helped Janoa to balld the mty Janienlnm on the PalaUna 
kill (Urlioha, Coilet T^egrapliieiit, p. US ; Nicbnla, MatrtU of Bom*, p. 3). 
b2 




VE SOLACE OF PILGIiI>rE.S 
cuntre he cam to l^e Bame place and }>e? aflyr manj balajlis he bylid a o; 



where 



f etant (>e capitole 



In 






e daj-is ^e kyng of itaile cnm b»i| 



! strength of Jie niracuBanis whech is a cyte 
of ciciie and he bylid eke a grete part of rome fast b; J^ flood ]nit was 
^nfi) clepid albnla and now is it cUpid tibnr. Hercales eke hia son ae uarro 
writith mad a cit« undir |ie eapttol nhech he clepid oalery. Than com a kyng 
|>»t dwelt lip on lybu? and mad ))e? a cyte. Euander after J)iB kyng of 
archadye bilid Lim a cite in lie mount palantine. This same man fled his 
cant? aa Homme men Beyn for ho had kyllid his fndir at instanna of hia 
moder whech hith hym gretc l^ingis fur |ie dede and aftirward fled with hym 
on to rome. Of Yia Eame Euander spekith nirgil in ]ie uiii book eneydoa, 
Aftir him to men on hith coroboam an othir hith glausus bylid meoh ]jing 
in rome. And (laati) aa writith aolintK cam a fled woman fro troye whoa 
name was romen anmlyme it is seid J>at sche was dowtir to eneas and Bumoie 
tyme it is seid ache waa but coain but aclic ;aue \e name to \» cyte aa we 
eeide be fo? longe or remua and romulns we? bore. Wherfor writith f>is 
Buctou? ^at it was for bodyn in lie? aacrariea yat no man schul name |iis 
woman but only put all )>e honoar on to romnW aftir tyme he had take 
}>e reule.' Auentinuf eke l^e kyng of albany mad him a cite in }>at hill 
))»t ia jet called auentyn. And JianiB eueno iiii hundred jere aftir Jie de- 
atruccioun of troye fifty and foar romutus Iwirn of "^t troianes blood hia bro|)ir 
remuB deed or alayn |ie je? of his age xiii }» «u kalende of may all }>eBe 
foraaide citees coupled to gydir and walled in on empire. And be cause "^at 
(lese too bretherin mad rome & sette it in a p«-6thnea8e )wrfor me })inkith 
fol neceaaarie to deaci-yne he? birth and he? pwBones for eschewing of grete 
erroaria Jmt poetis feyue of hem. There was a kyng fast be rome in jje 
kyngdam )xit wag called regio tatinoruni whoa name ]rai clepid Amulitu )« 
son to procate kj-ng of [je aame. Tliia man Amitiua bad a elde? brothir f>flt 
hith munitor. So Jjis jonge? brothir droue out ]m elder fro \'e.i kyngdam and 
exiled for enyr for he wold be kyng alone. Eke he took hia doutyr clepid roa 
f. 1S6 * Bud pat hi? in a hous of/ religioon dedicate on to mars god of butaylo \i\i scbe 
Bchuld be? no childym whech npenhap myth uengo ]:>e wrong ]iat waa do. This 
woman ]iua constreyned to chaatite eonaeyued it is not pleynli teld of whom 
for aH J>e clerkya in J»o dayis feyned ))at ]>CBe too men we? be gotyn of a god 
celeatiaH ' and ao Tpe woman hir aclue confessed )nt mara god of batayle had 

> For the Bbave ueoDiit of tbe founilatiDn of Rome romparv Nichols, Tht MarreU of 
Some, part i, ch. i: L«in|[ » tr&ntliition. with notei. of the Mirabilia urhU Jlomne; klao 
Urlkha, Coder Urbii Somat Topo^apkicjw. p. 113, 

• Bmnitto Lktini ibnni at Floreniw 1230, died 12S1), on p. 43 of U Lirrf don Traor 
(Parii, lSe3s»;>t 'Cill4uinitor>nrarDii ^rfc* U mort de eDnpere.ct avoit nno lilteqni 
■Toitli Don Emilia; mui Amuliolitoliannregiie, etchae>iNuinitoTemetufilIeeiieiiil,eti] 



A 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 5 

be got«n )wBe childirn. But Tor rH jiftt Tpe trewe jugis at }>at time cwn- 
dempned hi? to be doluyn qwik for swecli Jeth wsa orrleyned JianiO for 
iDsydenes )>at we? consecrate to )je templia if jici broke he? chaetite. Aftir 
Jw detli of |w mode? )wae too cbitdjrn we? lej-d be Jie libu? aide J'at doggis 
and woluys «chuld diirtroye hem. So happed a schypard (lat kept ]>e kyagii 
flok whos iinme was fantulus to kom hj and sey ^>oo fay? babea left in 
gwpch p#rell he took hem np and bare Iiem hoom to his wyf Inurejis }>at sche 
echuld Dorch hem and releue hem. It ia seid comounly ]>»,t {«i we? fed of 
a wolf for JJIB aanie laorence was called lupa whech BOUTxtith in ou? Isiigaga 
a wolf rith for ^is cause fer Echo was fa}-? and lecheroOB and grete appetite 
had to many men and fjerfor was sche likood on to )iis stynkyng beest. And 
jet on to ]>]B day ()e eellea )jat comown women dweli in forw oule jje latyn 
tonge be clepid lupanaria fiat is to sey houses of wolnys. But who so eoyr 
it be of ^eie eiposicioueB f» cronieles of rome and pictu? Jjorw ytaile here 
wytnesBe ))at a wolf jaue soke on to fiese childyrn p«rauentnre or faustnlus 
bad founde hem.' Thus grew fei undir proteccJouji of ))ia schiphard and his 
■wif til pel come to swech oge (lat pei coude ryde and schote & pat hem in 
prees jwr« huffelis schuld be jone. So it happed on a tyme ]jut reniua went 
onto a lone or ellis with a snial felawchip and was taken of Iheuya led as 
a thef to }jis munitor [jat was hi« moderis fadir. That herd sey romul«« 
and with faatulus pf scliijihard gadered a grete strength for to fecch hom hia 
bro|}ir and whan bo cam to )>iB munitor and herd htm telle what wrong his 
jongc? brothir had doo to hym )>ei aUe in fere went and kyllid ]>h amiliunt 
tad reBtored pe trewe eyir to pe kyngdam. Thus haue I Bchewid he? 
Jjat Jjow ]>e? we? many dwelleris at rome be fore Jwse too brefjriu jet J»i 
coupled aH peee citees to gidir made pe wallis and \>e touris whech we? 
not mad be fo?. This cite in |>is wise was begnnne of Jjese too men 
pt xix je? of phacee kyng of isrl and pe iiii je? of achaz kyng of ierlm 
in Jje fourte age of pe world of whech was spent iii hundred jere and xxiii fro 
})e begynnyng of ^e world iii Jiousnud ii hundred Izxsii and fro pe destruc- 
eionn of troye iiii hundred & liiii. The f>ird je? folowyng aftir pin was remaa 

M fi*t fura mi ; st Emilia conont ii fill, Romotam et Remum, 
qni fu lar paren i m^ Ii pliuor diidcnt que Man, II dim d 
d^ lor* ea avaat fii ct\a teiae ^\vi4e Rea, et puli Sit eU uoe 
per la Doa de Ii ect apeUe RckM.' 

' ' Et poTCB qae laaiota Mloirv* decluat qus RomulDa e 
il Ht blen dndi que je en die la leritA. U e»t Toin que qui 
■or aae riviere poroe qua la gent ne a'aperoeuMeat qae lor a 
rinera manoit una feme qui Krvoit  torn aomaaement, et («la feme* i 
1dm. Cela feme prtit Im eabni et lea norri molt doiiormeat ; et por  
toient fil d'qoe lue, mal* ae aitnieat ode ' (Bmnetlo Lalrni, Li Li'i 
ObabMlU, Paris, 1868, p. 43 ; Gref. Soma nilla mrmoria  nrlV 
Mtdio B*o, vol. i, p. 86). 



I tal maaiercque aui aeaot 
bataille*, tea eneeadr*, «t 
ti en milea de Ytaille, qui 

temni furenl tii d'une Ine, 
, il> fiirent n^, Ton laa gita 
a eu«t oouoeu. Enbir cele 
H npeldea en latin 
fu il ditque il aa- 
« >fou Ttaor, ed. 



6 YE SOLACE OF PILOIUMES 

■l»ytt with K lnboai«ns i»ke of b roan ]»t hith fahiua duke of romulug host 
t vhejthir b« fie consent of romuIiM/or tiowt is put in dowt.' Balies are 
called J-e? long hokia of yrun wilh too tyiiea with wliech Jjei tnrne he? lond. 
For eoene as we with spadis put pe lond from us in deluyiig so ]?ei with he? 
rakes draw it on to hem.* Summe writfri'jt sey {lat J>eBO too brejwln feH at 
debate whcch of hem schuld he principajl and it pleaed hem both ]>a,t yiB 
souereynte echald be had with sum bcuciiely tokne. So both to we? acordid 
to go in to pe bill aducntyne nnd whan )>ei come ]7cdir first on to rcmus 
appered Bcuene egles )ian afler on to romnluB nppered fourtene. Remus 
mad hie chalange yat ho acliuld bo priiicipaH for \>e first ftpperyng. Ro- 
tnaluB seyd he had mo? rith for ]>o grette? Dowmbyr and 80 in ^ia strif pe 
foreeyd mnn fabius hit him with a rake ]>tit lay next hand as is eeyd be fo?. 
An othir opioioun of his deth I fynde wrytyn jiat aftir pe wallia we? made 
snmme & Bummc dikys fef ]k wallie schuld be it was mad a lawe }>at no 
man schuld passe hem with onten leue and in dew tyme and for ]>e cauee ]mt 
remiu was Jw first breke? of pie lawe y^rfo? was he slajn. Aftjr (« deth of 
pie man roiuulus called ou to pe cile mecb sundry puple sabinenses albanenses 
tocculanes politanes celanensM sicanenBe^ camariaiiia csmpanis lucanis & ny 
ail pe noble puple of itayle- Than was pe grete care fur to liaue so many 
men with outen women and special; for ]iei of pe cuntre were not glad to 
lete he? dowteris be weddid to pe dwellerls of rome for J>e gret« noyse Jjat 
was of hem in extoreion theft and mord? as is used a mongis werrionris. 
Wherfo? }>is same romulus let make a grete cry of dyuers exercises iostyng 
schetyng patting at pe ston and swech othir to towe pe cunt? both man and 
worasn on to |Kse gay games. And wliau pe puple was most gadered eu«ry 
man ptt was sengil chase him a make of ^oo niaidenes whech we? come oute 



 la the Latin t«it of the PolgckTOHicon we find 
trator Bomoli a Fabjo duee Romuli rutro putomli » 
an fratrii loluDtate id >clum sit ; cuiut oauui iuteril 
arbii vallam non pome ealBcsre Bemm incrcpaverit. 



' Igitur regnantfl Rnmiilo, Remut 
iius eit. EvtTirpitit'' {Xa}. 'Nescio 
a haoc fuit, quad ut lutelam nofae 
i nrgameDtum ipte ral- 



luro laltu traiuiliit. TUtu lAriut {W* Ttie Treriaa trutelaticin u u fullowi : ' Vaolie 
while RomDliu regnede hi( ledere FKbiua slow) Remui [Komnlus] hii broiler wi^  berdea 
rake, Matliiuu. I n«>t jjf )«t wu idoo by hii bn>trir nil. ^ cause of his deth wai 
\pt: Rmnm MJde )>at M ongle wal vm ooajt ntreiigl>e ynov f«r t>e newe citee, and for 
lomaketntgoodhelepeoaoTlwwalataoleepe. [T'lfnt}.' Tlie Harleiui MS. 3281 has 
odI)' : 'Romaini nigneuge, Remna hii brother was slejae of Affabim > duke of Rontn1ii& 
Titai Llriiu' (R. Higden, Polychronieon, rol. iii, p. CIV 

* Thii panige i< inlensting u thmring the different metbodi of cnllivKtion in uae at 
this period in Italy and in Engluid. It woald Beem thitt, in Italy, tlie narth wu worked 
with two-pronged forki. whereu ipade caltiratiDn wm more in vogue in our country. 
But the fitfki appear frDin the text to have eorved (be parpoH ofaharrow or rake; ai the 
author. Id truth, oalU them. 

tmenUcineiliQEuttDpiu*. (I) IlWm 



I TUm I 



YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 7 

of J« cunt? but mooBt Bpecialy of J»t uacioiin whech wot" cnlied sabyim. 
And |>er« be g»n a grete butnilu be twix ^e romaynee und aubjnes and leeted 
many dayea on to l^e tyme j)at Jjei wer |Jtts aeoidid Jmt eiwry diUd J»at is 
born of both blodca ecbuld haue to names on in worcbip of ^ fodyr an otbir 
in worchip of ];e mode?. Thus grew rome in grete nowiubir uud in grete 
worchip for roraulua chaee owt an hundred of )» eldest men & calied hem 
Benatonres a eenectuto whccb is for to sey ago menyng her by ipat. clde men 
tutd weel wered of louge exp«<ieus ecbuld haua gomrrnaunce oair (le puple. 
' Eke he chase owt of )pe puple of pe tnoust etreughest & Ukly men and ech 
of bem called was miles pat ia to se; in ow? laogage a knyth. For mille ia 
a jxiueand and a [louaand of }>eee chase he first ^t soo of pie ooumbu- be gaa 
^is name. Wbau he bad vegoed paa not many jeree l>e held a bataile iu 
ft inarys of campanie and Budeynly a grete tempest and grete j^undir rysyng 
to / gitlir Hideynly bare him a wey pat so man wist wbe? he be cum and f. 3C7 v 
^■nA pe puple annowbred bim a mongt* he? goddie aiid called him god 
qwyiyn for pii canse for qwyryn in pe sabynes tonge is called a schuft and 
he rood neuyr with oute a epere y«rfor pe'i approrid to him pat name. And 
ia worchip of him for jie moost part of pe lomaynea at Jiese doyes if )Jei goo 
oa fote t^ei walk with tperee. A nothir cause of J^is name is auigued be 
writeiie j'at aftir his deth ]?ei picchid his schaft in pe mount adueutyu and it 
grew ou to a tree y^rfor wold {)el calle him l>e god qwyrynali. 



Of |>e jatis wallis and towiis cap. ii. 
Now of |>e jatis of rome wollia and towris aehal be ou? tretyng folowyng 
euyr pe steppis of on? elde. 5'^'^ ^ P^^ '° rome xii he side pe cite 
leouyue wbt? seint petir cberch staot wliech cite hath iii jates and eke 
))e cite tranatibe? whe? seynt cecile and eeyiit paucras and seyut grisogontis 
lyu wheel] hath aleoo o))ir iii. As for Jie wallis je schal ondirittaud ("at [>ei 
Bland at ^is day suoiwbat appeyred of age as no wonder is but jet are 
^i etroiig and by for pt most part as touiis be iu ingloud of pe towDCE ^t 
Btand Perc. Who many myle pv\ eonteyuc I cau not seyii but be geaeyug for 
I fynde wnlyn f«t if a man go a boute pe wallis and pe watir he scbuld goo 
xxii iiiyle uid 1 buld not pe watir fro pe tou? by seynt poules jate 
on to ^e toure pat ' be pe jate whech is called porta flaminea not meeh mo? 
]>an ui myle. So aa be myn eGtimncioun fro aeyn poutes 3ate ^^at atant in ^ 
•outh on to porta flaminea p&t ataut in pe north pe wail conteyuyth in length 
Dp on xui mylc' As touching pe tonres pe elde writerit aey ^t pen 

» ' itant* in otargin of MS. 

* For the discrqiuioj in the loogUi of tha walls of Rome, cf. Xiijioli, tlatvtU of 
Xmo*, p. e, D. 11 ; CrUclN, Cint*x TopogmpkieM*, f. 93. 



8 YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

be iii hiiudr«d acsti and on whech is likly I now to be soUt Tor pel atuid ritb 
ny to gidir. ^. Now of )w jalis we wil be^nne »t J»t jste Jjat ledrth to seTat 
pcolea wliccfa etuit on ^ south side of rome it ia eleped in elde bokia ports 






wbech Bounditb i. 



i Ungage pe talijng jate for ]>at wey |>at golb 



be |»it jste IB clepid uia boBtieasu for it goth to a cjte ^t bith boetie 
wbech itaot in awech a place wbe? tiba? remijtb in to ]>e see and eo 
•ODfuiitb \ie tuune in Intjn for hoatJuni is a do? and ))at is called boo aa 
pe dore of tibn?. On pe nth hand of pie jate atant a grete aware hili 
tty ioj'Dcd on to t>e'wal mad al of fre eton grete be nethia and emal a bouja 
bier pann ony tou? in whecb remua is byried aa Jwi aey (lere. Tbia porta 
capena ia anmtyme in elde bookia called porta cam pan ia whe}>ir it is erron? 
of wrilerifi or nowt I Itue it as now. Be )>ia jate was aeynt paule led wban 
be scbuld be ded. Be ^is jate cam serut aA'luester horn wIuuD be had 
t S5S r dedicate paulea cLercb so late )>at be / was canstreyned to prey god of 
endewryng of Jje tiuiine and aa it* seid )» sunne Mrayd him tjl he came at 
eeynt petres cbercb Sc be paA tyme it was mydnjtli. This dedicacioun was 
in balowmeeae monthe samwhat uftyr seynt martyu day. H. Next )ns jate 
atant )»t jat« j»t is called porta appia ' pie wey gotb firat on f o a litil 
cbercA wbecb is cleped dca m&ria de palma and paaii to a croEse me cslle 
dpnwne <|uo oadia feryermor on to f)at holy place whech ia dedicate on to ^ 
name of seynt aebastiaii) wbe? ia kalisti cymyteri aud eke catacumbas of 
whecb places whe apeke now but lilU for aftir in our book we will apeke 
of hem mo? largely. Fast by pla jate was seynt tixte heded for ^e name of 
oure lord iliu as we fyiide in croiiicles whech sixte was pope of rome 
aud maystir uu to aeynt laurens. Tiie cause whi it is clepid porta appia for 
a grete lord of rome whech hitb appiua claudiua mad it, ^. Porta latina 
ia alsoo a grete jate of rome aud ia clepid latina for )iat wey gotb on to p&t 
loud pit was called |:« lalyn loud pec he gan first pe latyu tunge with labou? 
DUd study of latyu kyng of Jiat lond and of karmentis bis modif. Fast by }>ia 

 The gtte of Sen Paolu wm knuwa m the ' porta capena ' in the Middle Ages. On 
referrititt >" Plate No. I (of Ibe thirteetith century) pnUiihed in D« Rotai's Pianti icono- 
gnffleie dt Bama, it will be obiened ttiat the gate U luarked ' porta capena '. In 
Plate lU the tame thui« u kuDd ; but in PUte IV tbe Porta Appia it called tiie Porta 
C4>eiia for the Gnt ticoe. In Plate II the Pcvta Appia ia marked Porta Dazza.  Porta 
oliapua la quale h chlaoia la porta de nncto paato' {EdifiJtation di moUi palaxti, 
Veaiw, ItSO, p. B iiij. 'Frope portam capeoam, qune Yocatui porta uacti Pauli imta 
monuD nitiiii, inter pr'rtani predictam et montem teetaruoi, lepultus eit Itcmiu, fatter 
Bomolj' (Mirabilia, Cod. Colt.). For list of rererencea aa tothiigate bearing tlie name of 
r«ta Capeaa aee Tmnaaetti, Campagna Sonano, Via Utlifme a LannnUivi, 1807. 
p. 10, pobtithed by the SovieU Komana di .Storia Patria. It appears to have been kaoHii 
under tliat Dams until llie Bfleenth century. 

MT>ii 

' CC TmiUMiilli. L'amjM^nu Btmana net MetUo Era, Vol. J, pp. 37 sqq. ;,Rtniie, 18S4). 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILGKIMES 9 

jate Btoiit a litiH chapeil in wljech sejiit jon fe euangeliate was put in a 
tunne of br^nnj-ng oyle and be myraclo had no hoiTD. The mane? of f>ia 
martirdam is declared in croniclea on Jjib wyse ne?.' He was in ephese and 
precbed pete byatly Jje feith of our lord ihu. Thau pe prwouHul of f e cite 
defeuded him hia prHcbing, He auswerd fiat it was better for to obeye to 
god ]>aa to man. Aud fun was jon aeiit to rorae with a letUr to domiciane 
in whech he was called a wyt'cfa ful of sacrilege and a loue? of him )>at was 
do ou ()e croBse. So he coniaujKlmwtt of domiciane he was pnt in jw tanna 
and whann Jie emperou? say fat he was so merucloUBiy delyueryd he had 
youtj for to a saued him bat for ])e grete hate whech he hod to criat he sent 
him in to pathmoa to be exiled Jiere. ^. Eke ]>ere ia a jate whei'b au»ime clepe 
metioiiia & fiunime triconia. This jate la not now uaed bat sperd up for 
Jjorw fat tou? entreth a freeeh watir in to fe cite whecb rennyth Jjorw 
fe nunnes place fat dwell at «eyut «yKtea and it appereth a geyn in n deep 
hole fast by aeyut georgea and fffniD undir fe ground nio? fan too myle for 
it rennyth in to tybyr with a gret« ' at a weH fat stant ny sea maria de pplo,' 
Metronia is as mech to aej as mcauryng and triconia B0U»dith in ou? tunge 
dreaslng of be? in to iii partes. Be cause women waschen at fis jate cuittom- 
tiabily both eiposicionea of graraar may bo applied to fat place firEt mesu? 
of he? camiaees whccli fei boyle fere and dressing of bee? whech fei waHch 
fef. li. Now folowith f e jate fat fei clepe laternne or ellia asinari. Laterane 
is it cleped for it atant be f o pa/leya lal^ranenEiV and whi fat paleya is called t 359 x 
aoo auctorea seyn fur latiM laUria is a aide and be cause fat place stont on fe 
o side of rorae and cloailb in fe cite f«rfor fe calle it aoo. Othir men sey 
fat it was clepid laterane of fe frosch fat was in nero wombe whech froach 
al hia comaundutent was byried fer for lateo is for to bide & rana is a frosch 
in latyn tunge whech soundith bidyng of fe frosch.' He? may ;e knowe 

' ' nei ' iKigiui a lioe ; ' wim ' «tid9 the prwedin); one. Probably the author thought 
ho had written ' id thia man-ner '. The ' ner ' is nMlundaat, 

* ' itreeui ' in mar^u uf M.S. 

 ThU itreain, now called the Mariaoa or Marraaa, ia fully ileecribeil by Adinulfi. 
Ooi cbnnuclBT u iniitkkea in luppouog that it fell into the tltwr neu S. Mkria dsl 
F<^bj. He ihoiild bkve laid !^ Maria ia Coauiedia. It ta lucutioneil bj Clceni, and 
waa formerly called the Aqua Ciabra or Dannala (Adinolfl, vul. i, p. lOS). 

* The derivallon of tba troid Lateran from lateo-rana ueiiui to hare Imkh uiilvenal in 
the Middle Agea. Giacomo di Voragine, ta Dt 4aiiclo Pilrv Apwlulo, c. Unix, tell* 
the aame itorj, onDctuJing thui : ' Unde et pun ilia civitatia ut aliqui dieuDl, ubi rana 
latusrat, Lateraaanit nniueu acceplt.' EdbdIuI {Wttlbuoi) layi i ' Neroue cbiama a m 
•ettuila due medici, e b intendm loro il luo deflderio. Quuti da jirima hi KUiano, ma, 
miaacciati dj morte, e Hnchiuii in an catrere, rloorroiio all' cupcdieula di'l beietaggio a 
dellk rana, poi, liberati e targanwote premiati, le nc fu^^gona. La gravi<!anu faoindoai 
••■ai lonnentuia, Narune chiania altri medici, e oon I'ajuto dell' arte luro romit* U Ual 
aoao^ito Bgluolo, al i|aale Uwto prawede aiia untrioe peicht lo allsvei, e dli per oompagnl 
i Bgluuii ^ tutti 1 prinoipi che li trovano in Kuma. Celebra puacia una fula ■ulmiie, a <tui 



10 



YE SOLACE OK PILGRIMES 



weel J>at of ful lewid dedis of men riwn in fis world ful famous places for of 
^ fame of Jiie place sclial be mad ful gret declaracioun aftirward ia ou? 
BecuTid book. This jata is called alsoo aHinari for pt multitude of aesefl 
f»8t come iu jet at };ese dayes with dyuei-so birdeuea.' fl. Now uext aftir 
^IB }ate staut a ful solempue jate whech })ei calle |;e grettest Bud eke 
pel name liiiu perto porta lauicaua be Jtis jate passe pe pilgri'nies whati) pel 
goo to Beint laarens extra murus. Aud wheytbir it is clepid laui with 
A a or luci with a n it is dowt to summe men for laiiicana with a n 
soundith pe jate of wolUa aud lauicaua with a a. aoundith \>e jate of 
wftEcliiiig. I leue all {lis iu pe diaposicioun of pe rcdei*eE. I weue ueryly ]tat 
Jw weye fat goth be J)is jate ia colled uia ardcatina. ' 1i. Next fanfj) is 
a uottur jate wLccb pvi call porta eci laurentii it ia clepid so for wbiiitl 
men bane be on pilgnnuige at seiiit laurenctf fei come hom a geyn to rome be 
{•is jate. Hut in elde tyme it was called porta taurina pe bullis jate or ellis 
porta tiburtifta pa jate fat ledetb to f e cite wbech hilith tibortine }>at etaut 
xii myle fro rome and jet pe romnynes haue it in snbieccioun in tokeu wherof 
pe keyis of fat cyte baugo with in rome * at a gate fcst be pe cherch of niti 






tUnta due re, e b Rirsre per IConui la uutrioe e la raiia in im cwro di 
ruote d'orD, Lempeatato di geuune, sJorna di an nufjniGoo Inldaooffno, 
e tirftto d> un cervo domaaticBtik Nel pMaBi-u un ponle, la nma wlCa nell' ac<|iu e 
■parisee. Nerone, (uribondo, fa mettcni » morte U balb e quindiu[ gioranatti, Egli dl 
pTinaipi, AUorn J padii b ribellju», legue una gtui bnltaglja, • Ncrone, vintu, li In 
uccldere da oao do' aaoi capitani. I prlocipi viiuiitori ediGcano il Later&Do ' (Oraf, 
Homa nttla ntemoria, Ac, vol. i, pp. 338 iqi.). See alio EiltficAticion di notli palassi, 
Vmioe, 1480. p. B Ki. ' Hknc tamsn nnam Nero fecit in turriquwlnm (luitodiri tuqae ad 
oUlnm auaui, aiide pntant quidsm loonm ilium a rana ibi latunta latemoaoi app«llui ' 
(B. Higden, Polgeironicon, vol. iv, p. 888). 

' For tbe Porta Aunarta (S. Giovanuit, and the derivaUoQ of tbe tuBiF, «ee Ailiby, 
Clamcal Tupogrnphg of the Soman Campagm—Ul (TU Via LaHnay—SMtion I. 
Papers oftheBrilith School at Rome. vol. iv.p. 43. 

* Hera our author makes a mistake in hli topography, ai the Via Ardeatina of coune 
did not ttart from the Porta Maggiore. 

 'Dai i<it pejm thor darnnter' (.S. Vito e Modesto) -die ■uhlliuel ron der Tj'ber 
jiTDok hnngen, die von Hberi die tur nioht hinein geen Roin geen den' (nli) ' durch 
dauelb thor.' Thit pusage ii from tbe chronicle of Niklaua Muffel (p. 5i), vbo wai 
a man of good family aud fortune, a tiliien of Nliraberg. of which place ho was (aim. 
oDundlloral the k)^ of t went j- two. He was sent to KomeDDtheocoaaioDoft'redericIiIira 
aoruaation ; and on p. 5 of hii book be aay* : ' nad die kronimg dea keyien gewhach aui 
SuDtag Letare in der vutcn anno UG-2 iar.' Ht« Tint to Kome coincided almott rxactly 
nilh tliac of our chronicler; and aa he will be quoted frequently, it will be auffioient to 
note hk name, and the page of bis work, which appeared in the proceedinga of Hut 
LiUtrarixier Vtrain, Slallaarl, ciiviii— 1875-0, ktraofjtiitbni dm WiUelm VOffl. 
Adinolfl iiaji in one pa«Mge: 'Dal meua della curiatura dell' arco inCitolalo da 
M. Aurelio Vittore a Gallleno e Salunina, onia daila diiave, tiaa a|[li nltimi tempi 
peadea apgdocata una catena ooile chiavi cheGiuliaao Giamberti,an:liilelto, in numero di 
quattra Sgarb ne' aaoi dieegni, hilte da' Romani ai Viterbeai in un oomballimeato eha 
ebbero oon eoteetoro, dalU porU di Viterbo delta della Siildccin ' (AdlnolS, vol. ii, p. 239). 



J 



YE. SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 11 

And modwti be a chene of yru«.' H. Tlie nextc jale folowyng aa Btinime sey 
it portft Ntloria but eeynt anneis legend caJIeth it poria nn men tan a and so JJC 
nexte in to pe north side is RaWia (lis hold I \ie trewer party. Be fris 
;ate go men to sey lit anneis cherch ° and to eeynt coneUunce and whi 
^ei calle it oumentana nuclores say for f^at woy goth on to a cunt? vbech 
is called BOO iu whccli cunt? we? many worthi werrioun* and continued 
in muny batailee a gejn (le romayncB as men may rede in {?e book de 
gestls romanorwm. f . Tliim folowith fe jnte whecb pei calle gal aria be 
fat wey go men to a cyte of pe same name. For as lacsne pe poete 
seith in his secund book this cite berith his name of fte grete plento of 
Bait ^t ^i fynde in the mountiF. And )>at j^is la soth pilgri'mes may 
knowe weel be pe pokes of salt ]»t horB and asses be? specialy if men 
go be pfX wey to rome pert peruse etant.' H. A nothir jate pert is 
^at is cleped ptViciauu end took his name of )xit hill jint goth from 
ga* de pplo on to pv same jate. Men sey at rome Jjat J)er« dwelt 
a tyrauTit tuTntyme whecb bilh pincis of whom fiie hill took his name. At 
Jiis day are jet / aoutea in |^ liiH many and wallea eke for mech of pe liiH f. 
longitb on to pe fre? aurtenes {'at dwcU at scii maiia de pplo. Summe 
Bey pat it waa ou of nero paleys and both may be aoth. Fast by jiis jate 
a buue pe hill stood a cherch of seyut felice pe martir bnt now it is 
falte down pe most part na many othir be.* Anothir )nte is pen faet be sc5 

' S, Vihj e ModMtn ia » rrry Hnciciit cliurcli, erected in the fourtb ixotarj Dew the 
arch of GaUicnra on tbe Efqailine, and re>b<red by Slefihea IIL It wia alxuidoned fnr 
ceonirie*, realored by Slitui lY in 1177, uid (gdn fell into > Tuinoiu statci It ww 
StisUj rabuilt by Federico CoIodiw, dake of Pmlliuio, m 1620, in gratiluile ttx hi* recovery 
from (he bits of k mad dog. It had the title of a cudind, iutitnlcil by S. Gregory, and in 
the ninlb century wM kaowD bj the nuoe 'in Inuxllo', from the inacellum JAyitx, near 
which it itood. It should not be eonfused with 8. Vito ' ad lunun ', wbicb vm an oratory, 
dedicsled to S.Vito, new the moonsterT which Pope Hiluy built in the pUce known ■> 
' ad lunam '. Thii wa> probably on the Arentine, not far from d, PriMiB, where there wu 
an ancient temple to tlie goddoa Luna, loentioDed by Ovid in the F'aili (AdinolB, vol. ii, 
p. 325; Annellini, p. SSS ; Nibby, Soma tieir anno ISsa.Jttime, ISSit, v.>l. i, p. 7S0). 

* The ehorcb of S. Agnea is believed to hsTe been founded by Conatantine in SSI. It 
wM eolargsd by Symuwchus (iaS-614), rebuilt by Hunoriui 1 {61&-t(l], Altered and 
reatored in the fifteenth and nineteenth centDries. The choroh of S. Ccntiinui waa aifo 
built by Contiantine, over bia daughter'* tomb (Mamochi, p. Ida ; A rmalliDi, p. 672 ; 
Nlbby, p. M). 

' ThiaderitatLonof the word ' Salaria' ii Kcurioas rereraal of fact, u «alt wai prepared 
by enspnmtloo in aalt-pMU by the wiaiide, and carried inland for imding purpoaea; 
whereaa the author de«cril>ea it aa being loDiid in Ibe mountainii, and bronght Into Rome. 

* ' marU ' in margin of M8. 

* S. Felii in pinci* wna on the Pincian hill, aa the name dmolea. It waa an important 
Bnaillca ; it ia abown in Bufallni'i plan of Bame. It ituod near tlie Villa Medici ; 
H Gragory preached one of bia bomHiea in it. Hadrian I and Benedict III eurioheil tlia 
obnreh, but it waa allowed to fall into ruin (AnnoUini, p. UT). It la alao marked in 
Antonio (an den Wyngaerde'i panorama, rirea 1540 (iMtanu, BalUltino CommutiaU di 
Anhtotiifffa, 1S9S, p. SI). 




12 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

m de pplo ]>ai fitant evene in to ]>e north and pe wej to peruse and to uenyce 
lith Jjere ouyr a grete brigg of eton a long myle fro \>e jate whech brigg pel 
calle pons miluit^^. The ^ate is clepid porta flaminea for ]>is cause for it is 
open to a prouynce of \>&t same name. Geruase in his book de ociis 
imperialibug rehersith xuiii prouinces ]>at longe to ytaile of whech p\B 
flaminea is put in ]7e xi place. H. The last ^ate of alle is called porta colina 
111 colatina whech stant at pe briggt« foot under pe castett aungett whech 
casteft was sumtyme clepid templum adriani.^ H. In transtibe? a? J>e? 
iii ^ates and in pe cite leonyne oj^ir iii whos names I coude not esely leme 
but on of hem hith portnenstg and ]7at is in pe watt ptki goth fro pe popes 
paleis on to pe castett aungett. Anothir hith aurelia and pai is a boute 
seynt pancras as I suppose in transtibe?.' 



Off dyuerse briggis in rome. cap iii. 

Of pe djuers briggis in rome schnl we make but schort processe for it is 
a mate? of no grete charge. The first brigg is pons miluiu^ of whech I spak 
be fore whech stant more ]7an a myle fro pe north ^ate of rome and pere goo 
men ouyr tibu? jrnt schul to peruse goo or ellis to uenyce. It had summe 
tyme grete touris and mech housyng a boute it as pe name of it souTidith 
^et, for miluiu« is as mech to say as a |?ou8and and be cause pe romanes wold 
not he? enmyes schuld ent? with inne he? wateris yerfor had ]7ei ]>e? as it is 
seyd a ]>ousand assigned to kepyng of ]>is brig^. II. The secunde is pont 
adriane for it stand undir adrianes temple now is ]>at temple cleped castett 
aungett for pe grete miracle ]>at was do ]>ere in seynt gregory tyme of whech 
place we schul speke mo? largely aftirward. This brigg is pe comoun weye 
out of rome on to seynt petres. U. The thirde brigg is called neroniane 
I hope it be falle down for we may ^et se pe steppes of him and many moo 
}>at stood sumtyme and now are falle. It was cleped neroniane for nero mad 
it. Thow he was cursyd in lyuyng jet was he as ]>ei write a grete bylder. 
IT. The iiii is called pont antonine for ]>at lord mad it and many other ]>ingis 

^ Oar auihor appean to have fallen into an error here, as he is confusing the Porta 
Collatina with the Porta CoUina, which latter was near the Castel S. Angelo. Its 
position is mentioned in the Ordo Romanus. It appears to have closed the bridge, 
opposite the Castel S. Angelo, from the Leonine city (Nichols, Marvels of Borne, p. 168, 
n. 892). Adinol6 calls this gate the Porta di S. Pietro in Adriano, and adds : * Fh appel- 
lata eziandio Porta CoUina senza aver riguardo a questi edifizi* (S. Peter's and the 
Vatican), ' ma solo ai colli Vaticani. Fh una delle due porte Aurelie, secondo quel che 
dime Prooopio, e dall* essere di bronzo corrottamente veniva chiamata dello Brnnoso, cio^ 
bruonso ' ( Adinolfi, vol. 1, p. 188). ' Porta cholina apresso dil castello dandriano ' {Edifi- 
ehazton di moUi palazzi, &o., Venice, 1480, p. B iii). 

' The gate of S. Pancrazio was also called the Porta Aorea (Adinolfi, vol. i, p. 188). 



TE SOLACE OF P1LGEIME8 13 

in rome m we schal Irete of nflirwBFd. % Tlie fifte jb poiit fahrice for on 
tsfariciDS mad it a man eke of grele fame. H. The sUte is poiit pMciane for 
Jiat holy criaten emp«rou? mad it. This miin was bo good and so propicios 
to pG cherch )>at seynt nmlirose bischop of melan wrote ou to )iim a grete 
book of (le feith of oni" lord ihu wbech is now / ful atraunge for to fynde. f. 359 v 
%. The uii wsB cleped Jtc eenatouris bn'gg for be cnnae )>ei made it. H. The 
niii was a)) of marbil) theodostus Ipe emp«rou? mode it & of hira It bn? )>e 
name. H. The ix mad ualcnliniape pe emperouP & eke it bn? bis name, 
V. But ;e Echul undirBlaiid ]>tit of all peso briggia etand now but u, as fer 
forth as I coiild aapie and eke pei be not ful looge aa othlr citees haue for 
))ei paese not fou? or u arches ^ watir is dep but not rith brood.' 



Of ]h! dyaers billis in romc. cap iiii. 
Senene famonse hillls we? eumtjme rehereid of rome & ]>e namiiB of bem 
liaue be BO ofte chaonged Jtat it is ful hard for to write Jw trenth of hem. 
51. ItonB ianicnlaa is ^e first and on )>e foot of pat hiH etant aeint petir 
cberch and )>e popes paleys. Of ]nB hiH Jiub wrilitb domi'nicuB de arecio in 
lis book de niontibu*.* Janicle be seith is on of pe uii hillia of rome bo 
named of jane ))at dwelt ])e? whom pe- romanes aftir he was ded receyued 
for a god & ]mt in saturntM tymc. Of whom oaydc In hia bok de fastJa 
rebereith certeyo wordia ^at jnnua schiitd hane Hid wluuin hia ante? waa 
nad. Ara mea est coUia queni uulgue noniiTie noitro uuncupat bee etaa 
ianiclum qj vocat.' This is to say in ou? tuiige. This is myn auter of ]>at 
bill wheeh pt puple be my name calleth ianicle in pis age. This bill waB 
ioyned on to rome and watlid in pertoo whanii) anthus mardus medulientia 
had ouyr come pe kingdam of pe latyu tunge and brout all pc puple on to 
rome for per he mad hem dwell. H. Hona palantinu* is pat hiH aa I suppose 
on wheeh pe grete paleya atood on fie est side atanf se^iit gregory monartery 
ftnd on the west side slant pe cherch of seynt anaRtaee on pe south aide 
gurdeynes pat we? anmtyme all marys and watir. This reheree I for to 
Kcorde with auctores whecb epeke of |'is hill. For of it pOB writith domi- 
nicuB de areeio. Palantine he seilh is on of pe uii hiH of rome up on whech 
hil) remu« aud romuW bygunne her first bildyng, Bat of pe name of j^ia 
tiH is dynera writing a mongi* Jjese auctores. Varro seith in bis u bok pai 



' For Mriy aocounU of the bridges of Home «f. NIcholi, MarwU of Rom*, p. 34 1 
Urlieki, Coilex TttpoffrafMfu; pp. BG, IIS, 138, 168. 

 DomiDiiiu of Ar«EBi, otherwiH knowa » Buidbo, wm an lUlUn poet who died [a 
tlM jrur I34S. 

* 0»U, Fail., lib. I, II. 2(5-^. Tl« tinl line is not qooteil qiii(« c<n«Dity. 



14 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMEB 

certoyn men cleped palantea whcoh come fro a cunt? fiei calle it reatyne 
oatne ]w<iir with eaand«r bat onl« j?e dwelleree pat were ]:>e7 nod named ])e 
hiH aftir Iiom. Boliniw de mirabilibm mundj seith f^t it waa named of 
certeyn men })' oome fro Archadye and raad lief diveliyng }>ere. And summe 
otbir sey pat euander had a son wliech hith palnnte and he inliabite ^ib bill 
and jaoe it liis name. Of ^ paleys p^ etood up no pie bill schul we apeke 
in Jw next cbapetf folowyng. U. Mona auentjnm is eke on of J^ese hill of 
f. 3S0 T rome / of whech uarro writith pae. Mount auentine for aumme cause men eey 
was \>UB named. On noiuw8 pa.t stood )je? aey certeyu birdis pat come out 
of tybir and litid up on hym. Uirgil epeketh of t'ia atory in pe uiii book 
eneydos whe? be acitli duarwra nidus doniua oportuna uolucres. The aentena 
of pe poete ia {'at to nestis of binlia litid on pie man on pe same bill whech 
hill be Beith ia ful able to birdia.' Summe otbir eey (>ftt it is called auentyne 
i>f new comeree or dwelleria pert*) for ao sounditb pe latyn tunf^ whech 
dwelleris mad pef a temple to diane. Tberfo? seith unrro ]7at it was called 
ao ab aduentu ^at is to ecy of newe corayng of men f^ertoo. Sumtyme fro 
pe,t bin to rome folk wef feried with botis now is it londtd, Titus liuitu 
eeith pB.t it was called bod of a kyng of albany wliech had pe same name 
pfrv sniet ded with )>DDdir. Of )>ia etory makith ouyde mencioun in hia 
iiii book de faatia. Uenit auentinua post bos locus unde ttocntnr Mona qnoq; 
Sera.' That ia to eey in englisch. Auentine cam thidir with bis boost 
aftir whom pe place is named and eke pe mount. Eke in pe iiii book 
methamorphoseos pus spekilh he of J>iB mate?. Tradidit auentino qui quo 
regnaret eodeni Monte jacet positus tribuitqj uocabnla mo»ite.' This same 
auentine he seith dnelt in pe forcseid hill and aftir bis hirying jaue hia 
name to ]«it biH. This biH was annexid on to rome be a worthi conqwerou? 
called onthus marciiu. lu j^is hill stant pe paleys of enfenninne and 
a cbcrch of feynt sabyn of whech we wil spoke of aftirward. Tbia biH eke 
is cleped gwirinalt * for whon romnlua was ded })ei picchid hia achaft jjcre 
and it grew of whech mate? we apoke be fore & eke whi he ia called qwyrintM 
in pe Rnt chapet?. H. Uons canalis hangith on pe south side of jiia aame 
hill and it is called boo as I snpposc for it ia fro J>at pleyn be fo? aeynt poulea 
jato lows lich a gntte? in hia aacenEe and on J^is hill stant a cherch of aeynt 



> nil may refer to Cn. Nieiios, the poel, whoao works luve almost en^rely CDs' 
•ppaared, but who would wem to hare been much spprcddtsd bj hia oontemporBriei and 
his aaoeenan. Enniai and Vergil copied him ; Plitutus, Terence, Cioero, aod HonMe 
admired him, and praiae him. 

 Ovid, Fait., lib, iv, 11. 61-2. 

' Ovid, Mtlam.. lib. liv, II. 820-1. The fli»t word alionld be "Tradit ' not ' Tradidit". 

' Oroonrva ear author la miiiUkeii liere. The eune hill waa never Ckllod b; botl 
namet Aventine and Qnlrinal. 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



IS 



bone face Jie martyr in whcch lith eke eeyut ale«e f>e counfesaou?.' Up on J>e 
Bide of [lis UiB slant a piler of marbiU with a hole for to reoeyue b schaft 
whech Bchaft hatli a cloth of silk wourtde s boat« it and who can ride b«it 
and Bowneet touch Jiia Bchaft he Bchal haue pi» cloth. Thus be {le? iii clothis 
set up and wouiie on fiistitig gong suttilay entry jere. Aud he? cours of he? 
ridyng be gynnyth at pe hill whech ia clepid omnJB terra anJ endlth in }>iB 
same hill. 1). Kona Gapitolinus stant ny in )ie luyddiB of rome, Uarro 
Eeith )>at it is clepid, boo for whan pel diggid }» ground for to make perA 
a temple on to iubit«r pei founds a mannis hed al hool and ))ia caused po 
hiilis name for caput is a heed and buo of caput was pe hill called capitoline. 
Be for pat jet iu elde? tyme ^e hill waa clepid tarpeyo of a mayden ^at had 
|je Bftma uame whcch waa Jjere byi^id and slayu. 5et be for Jjat tyme was 
It clepid mons satumius for l^erc stood a litil town called sntumia as / uirgiH t. 3<I0v 
teilh in pe niii book eneydoa. Aiid be cause ]»« schal be a spe^tal ehapetP 
of pie place iu ou7 book foluwyng perfoe as now we speke uo nio? of him. 
U. Mong Cell us is eke on of J>e seueuo so named as uarro seith in his u book 
of on celienne kepei- of pat hiH whech man was with him Romnlua a grete 

' It ia difficult to unilerataDil this paiutge, when it !a coiupued witb the previati* one, 
wfaicb refen to tlie church of 9. Sabms, Aa a rule, our author ia rury KcourftU in hii 
lo|Higrapl)y, bat hera ha would a«em to bnve fallen into lui error. Tbo preaeot cliuroh oF 
!4. Alexia wiu, ID uicicat timsa, dedicitteil to S. Bunifitce: it wu jirubftblj founded in tlia 
fourth ecDtury. It «m built in the pklue of Eufeniii>nu> (father of S. Alexia] us the 
Aventiiie, uid in the tenth centar; k Greco-Lktin moniul«r; W4i attached thereto; it 
waa then dedicated to the twu uinta. In lime the oame oft). Bonifiioe dropped out, and 
the titK which at fint wu named after that aaint, now bean ths name of R. Alexia only. 
Poidbly there may originally have been two teparate chnrehet, which were united in the 
tenth century, bat it ia quite certain that the church of S. Bonitaes (or S. Alexia), Um 
palace of Eufermian, and the church of S. Sabina were all oloae together on the Anentlne. 
It ia difficult to aay what hill our autlior may mean by mont canatii. He may be think- 
ing of ibn hill generally known aa the Paoudo-Aventine, on which the church of S. Sab» 
■tanda. On tha other hand, he may mean the apur running down from the CoUegio of 
&. Anaelmo towarda (he Porta B. Paulo, and along wUeh the Via del Priorato de«:enda 
to the plain. On referring to Da ItoBii'i Pianle ieonogrqfieie di Homa, it ia curioua to 
find that although S, Alexia and S. Snbina are ihown in their correct rclatiie poeitiona ia 
PUte No. IV, in a later PUte (the Urge one in aecciona at the end of tha work) a ttabina ii 
shown furtheat tothaeaat, and S. Alexia near to S. Saba (Plates VIII asd IX). The follow- 
ing occun in a MS. in the Bodleian Library :~ 

' Montea iufm urbem aunt iati. 

I Janiculua qui dicilur ianuariua ad 8. Solarun. 

I MoUB cavalleua ad R. Aleiium. 

I Mona S. Stapbani in celiu uonte. 

 Mods capitnlil. 

^^^^1 Hod* In pahttio niaiari. 

^^^^^^1 Mods laoetM Mariae maioria. 

^^^^^^P Hona rirealia ubi Vlrgiliua captua foit 

^^^^^B h Bomanla et inTJaituliter ivit Nsopoljin. 

I [M'. MonaToatamni]' 

I {MS. llo.ll. L.mt. nut. 908. ful. 147 r, lec il*}. 



16 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

helper a geyn ]>e kyng of \>e latyn tunge in aH his batayles. And \>is hiH 
was annexid to ]>e cyte whech tyme tullius hostilius oayr cam in batayle )>e 
puple of a regionn called albanorum whech puple he translate on to ]>e cyte. 
This bill eke ba? a grete name for ]>at same tulliug hostility dwelt ]7erln and 
eke it was mo? noysed for ]>e gloriouse poete ennit<£ dwelt in \)&t same place. 
Of ]>e temple p&t stood }76rapon and who it is dedicate to seynt steuene we 
schul trete in ]>e secund book whech schal be of sptn^nal JnngiV H. Mens 
supers ggius is \>&t hill on whech slant sea maria maior whech edificacioun 
was mad be a gr^te miracle of snow as it schal be declared in 'pe second book. 
Be side j^ese hill is a? many othir as ]>e hiH in whech titus and uespasiann^ 
lyn, and \>e hiH whe? pe cherch of seynt balbyn stant, and \)e hiH of qnatuor 
coronatormw fast be laterane, and \>e hili \>At is clepid omnis terra fast by 
seynt poules ^ate, and pe hill eke pat is be twix pe housyng of rome & sea 
maria de pplo whose names for errou? of writeres I can not discerne. For 
)7ei write ]>at pere schuld be a hiH in whech pe romanes wold a slayn uii^gill 
and fro ]^t hiH he went inuysible to naples summe men calle {^is hiH 
iuuenalis & summe riualis.^ 



Of pe multitude of paleysis in rome cap u. 

Now of pe paleysis f^at be in rome we wil schortly trete. And first of pe 
grete paleys pua writith an auctor. The grete paleys stood in pe myddis 
of pe cite in tokne j^at ]7ei we? lordes of aH pe world and it was mad in 
forme of a crosse in fou? frontes in whech frontes we? a hundred ^ates 
on eche side eucry jate of brasse. In tokne J>at J>ere we? so many brasen 
^atis a man may ^et se in cherchis many yerof aH hole, for a grete part 
of hem are ^otyn in to othir uses as men may se. For pe body of seyut 
petir church is cured * with metaH. This paleis was as I suppose a myle 
a boute and ^et stand pere many wallis dyuers arches & maruelous uontes. 
The? is a sele? }?at longid to J'at paleis as ]?ei sey a uout undir pe ground 
whech hath iiii deambulatories & euery deambulatory hath xui arches enerj 
arch is xui fete fro pile? to pele? eke euery pile? is iiii fete sware and pia 
was a sele? for wyn. A no)?ir sele? sey I ]>e? ]>at Btant of seuene longe panes 
and sex walles be twix pe panes sum waH hat u dores, sum ui, sum uii, so 
disposed pai o man may se xiiii or xu dores at ones if ony man go owt or 
in.' U. A paleys J?e? is eke whech is caUed pe paleys of romulus I can not 

' For early accounts of the hills of Rome cf. Nichols, MarveU of Rome, pp. 16-17 ; 
Urllchs, Codex Topographieu*, pp. 93. 128, 144, 166. Note 32 on p. 17 of Nichols's 
work is particularly interesting, in regard to the above legend concerning Vergil. 

' Covered. * This is a very good description of the Seite Sale, and leads one 

to believe that the author was thinking of them when he penned this passage. 



YE SOLACE OF PILUlilMtlS 



ir 



geeae o{)ir but / it is templum pBcia for both of ])i» and eke of ]>e capitoU T. 361 r 
lynde I writin )?ftt ]>ei echuld Bland on to ])e tyme )>^i a, mayde bo? a cbild 
and on J>ftt nyth wtiech ou? lord was bore it is eeide of Irothe f'at a grete part 
of hem fell down. But jet at peae dayeB Jmt temple }Jot was cleped templnm 
pacia fuUith be pecia jercly in \>e fest of \>t natiuit* of ou? lord criat. 51. pe 
paleya latfrftiientt'a is Bumtynie cltpid nero paleya sumtynie constautiae 
ualeia iu peae elila dt-acripciones of rome. And |)ia ta pe cause as I suppose, 
Nei-Q berilh Jie name uf it fur he bilid a grete part ]>rro{. ConGtantine eke 
berilh pe name of it for he jaue it in to pe cherchis posBesaiDun. Nero had 
an othir paleye faat be pe cherch of nmrcelliiie and petir, eke an olhir be 
twix pe hoBpitait of pe holy gooat and seynt ])etir eberch, eke an othir be ^e 
place whech {lei calle t^ea maiia de pplo whe? he killid him aelue. A boueu 
on pe hill of whcch [laleys are aene jete many uoutis and cloysteris undir pe 
erde gunime as hole as euyr we? ):ei. | The pateys of truiane I wot not uerily 
a paleya })ei Bey is pe cast*:'H aun|;ell sumnie aey 



whe? it atauditii. I Adrii 
it iaa 



jjiir place be whech Btnnt a coluwipne i 
r him clauditj 



juli 



altitude XX passe. | The 

ruyne. | The paleya of 
ly. I The paleyg 



stant fast by pantheon aH 
fast by pe grete stoon ou whecb hia boi 
of eufemjane fade? to aeyut alexe was in )>e hilt auentyne whe? ataut now 
a faj? cherch of seynt subine and a place of fre? prtchoures. | The paleys of 
hem pulled tJtua & iie-pftBianug slant with oute rome as men goo on to 
cathacuznliaB. %. The paleys of tlomiciaEl was in tranatibe?. | The paleys 
i' was faet by pe cherch of seynt eyluesttr. | The palaya called 
was iu ^at place vhech seynt laureTice was ruitid called now 
J pwliperne.* | The paleys of hiui lulliu* cJcero is but lilil fro 
,s prince and pn'ucipalt 



olympiadii 






iewis market mo? in to pe est. | This 



of rethoryk fyndyng and techiiig iu pe latjni tunge. j The paleya of uenua * 
was fast by Jiat place whech ^i clepe scola grecoium ft suntme aympill men 
calle it catonya scole . | The paleya of ou called kateline a man of woiidirful 
witte and maruelons gou^maunce stood in pat place whe? now stant a cherch 
iif seint antoni.' These eroperoures eke had certeyn places whech )rei clepid 
theatru and J»Dt sgundith in ou? tunge a place in whech mcu staud to se 
pleyia or wrest iliiigi* or swech ojiir exfrciees of myth or of solace. Summe 
of peee places w*? called aropheatrtiwi f'at was a place all round aweoh u we 
haae he? in pii loud, BUT/ime we? cHiUed theati um & pat waa u place waa lich 

 TOoUuion. * pauiapenia. ' Iruniu. 

* Hume kocouDt of Ibi pklacs* of Bome will tw r<Hind in Nichulf, Vaivtii tff Homt, 
p. IU ; Urllcha, Cod. Topog., pp. S3, US, 13S, IS;. There ii mlso  icfcra.ci 1» th* palK* 
ot CatiliDB in NiclioU, p. 67, ■■- l^i ; being a tmuUiioD of iLe IiaeripHu fUnaria io 
Urliotu, Cod. Tapog., p, 109. The muition uT Caanapkn, in ceiuiexioa wiih tlie ttiiiple uf 
Ctrei andTelluf, ii »U« iuteretting. ComfAie nitb auW 2, p. 31 of thbbouk. 



18 



VE SOLACE OF PILG'RIMES 



half a serclc of whecb ]>ere were uii in rome. On y^ titus and ueapHsianut 
mod be he? puleje ae we goo to catacambae. The Becunde made tarqi 
t>e kyng fast be ]>e place elepid e^ptisolj 
J« cberch of eeyat h 
f.8Sl»wxt!8. Til 



u inade/alisniuMli 
Hxte made nero fast by 
by porta appta,' 



The ill made pompey fast by 
The iiii made nntonie fast by seynt 



! enip«rou?faBtbyFeynt mary rotunde. | The 
casteH. 1 The nii waau^led flaminenm fart 



Of ]>e multitude of arches tn rome rered for diu^ra uictorieB. €k 

Arebea iu Rome were many rered in worchip of conqweronm aftyr he? 
grete conqueatt*. The archebat waa gilt fast by scyut celsia " rered in 
worchip of aiisamidr not grete alisauMd? kyng of macedory but of on 
alifaujid? emperou? of rome. But 3B must undirataJid fJst aH })eae we? not 
housed with uoatis but \iei called arches alle awech efeme niemorialcs for 
ye most pait of bem we? aette ou arches. The nobilnease of pis man is 
cxpreered in cioniules wbech calle him Alexander mammeas for mammea 
bith hia modir. Sche aeut altir origene on to grete alisaund? for to epeke 
with bim for )ie grete fame of clergy whecb was bo? of Uim. And be cam 
to rome to fia lady eonufrted hi? and taute hi? fw feith of ou? lord ibu not 
loiige aftir j^ei to brout )>e same olisauTtd? on to )}« trewe by leue. And 
Bone after be was crieten be went in to perae and Jwre bad a grete conqueate 
a geyu ^e kyng of perse called xeraea [xTfor rei^id |>e romaoes on to him 
)>ia memorial as I suppose, for pci took euyr mo? heed at temp«mll ioyei 
))Bn gooEtly. This aame ei»p«rou? graimted leue to bem of edJasa to feccb ]>9 
body of aeynt tiioniaa pe apoateH in to he? cyte. % An othir arcbe is )«(? 
beaeyntum* which waa mad in hononp of iii criaten empcroorca Iheodosj 

' For ui •ecoDRt of the (haatrM. cf Niohola, Marvtlt i</ llomt, p. !S i Uriiclii, Cod. 
T'lpoi;., pp. »4, 118, 180. 

' ' wm' in iDai;^n of M8, 

' The chmnider ii nteiting to tb« dmfoh of 8. Cel«i • Giuliano, which Ii  very 
•nrivnt jwriih church in the Via daf Bouchi, near the Bridge of S. Angnlo. In tha 
twfllfUi omtur; il wu ons ofLl'e nuat impurtant churcfaea in Kama. Jnlioall patled it 
doirn partly, in ordtr to iDcrewe the widLh of the ilrtet, anil reduced it much in aiie. 
CndiT Clement XII it waa datiiotiihed, >iid nbuilt in lt« praent fomi.» Gvan aa lata 
aa 1036 the paruh woald appear to have been conddered one of the moat important in 
the eity (Armellini, p. IH ; Nibby, p. ISO). The goldon aroh of Alexander appean to 
have blleo down In the rdgn of Urban V (ct NichoU, M.irrtU of Umm, ^ 10; Urlicbi, 
Cotfai Topog. Anonymv* Maglvibeecliiaiiui, pp. 16S mod 168, which give* the |iosltinn gf 
B. Clrana as near S. Celnia). 

* 8. Uraua ia not mentioned by Armellini ; bat, according to JonUn, it is aaid by 
Hartiaelli (B. a. afin. Sa«ra, pp. 918, tOB) to be identlool with the Oratorio delU Pietk 
del Fiorentini {nol the church of H. GioTauni dri Fiorentini); and, uXHirdiDg to the old 
ohDroh r^iiten,8. Uniuwaa in the Regioof S.Thama)!, wett of the Via Papale, whereH 
B. Cdaua waa in tbe Begio of the XII Apoatles. See .lordan (HQlaen), vol. i, 3, pp. G9S-9, 
and notaa 106-8, edition 1907 ; alw vol. ii, pi>. 4I3'14, edition 1871. 



^ 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILGEIME8 



19 



aalentine & gracisiic. Those men ded bo lUftiiy ))iDgis fur pa coraoun prolita 
pht {le puple of rome lete make }>is memorial for Lem. V. Eke with outen 
pe jate wliech v/aa clepid snd jot it in porta appia stood sumtyme a temple 
coHsecrdte to mars god of batayle and faat I17 pat temple stood nu nrche waB 
% To TituB. ; 



!!E^ 



I \>ei made eke 



cleped archie trtumphalia 

arche whani pe'i came fi'om iertm pie arclie etant fast by b 

I An arch ywe was eke made in worchip of ^e emperou? and pe ^enato^^eB 

whech Btood fntit by seynt laurcns in lucina. | Aq othir was per 

worchip of pe emperou? octauiane. | Eke an othir pel 

othir fast by seynt i 

Mrnea. I Eke c 



i rered ii 
li called antonini. | An 
erch called pe hand of flcech in latjn roaniia 
rei |>at is to 



1 in pe capitole )jat was clepid ari;huH pau 
Bcy pe arthe of golden brede. | Be side nH pQ&e waa }>e? on be Bf)Tit marie 
rotunda wbecb jiei cleped archua pietatiB .' This was mad as pel say for 
Bweeh a cause. The? waa au emp«ron? rody in hie chare sum eey it was 
traiaue )iat rood oute'to batayle. Happed a certeyn woman to mete wit) 
him, wepte, felte down at lus foot and prayed him of mercy. He askid 
what Bche wold and sche sayde. 1 had a sun and no moo but him and l^i 
ann kiltid / my son wherfo? I charge pe as )>ou ftit a trewe juge do me rilh f. 363 r 
in ))iB male?. The eniperou? answerd on to pe woman I'st wbecb tyme 
he come bom a geyn fro his lornay be wold se ))at rith ecbuld be had in pt 
beat mane?. Sche mad obieociou a geyn and seide. If it be boo )iat )jou 
dey er J>ou com hom who schal do me rith paniD. That sey the tniptrou? 
mad cam down from his chare examined pe mate? and condenipned pe man 
qwelle? to pe deth. Tho feH tche down and prayed him j^at sche myth 

' See tfie acconnt of thU »rch id the Uhabllia (De Mlrabilibiii), p. 129: 'Sunt 
pnaterea alii ucu* qui non sunt triumphalei Bed memori&lea. ut est areiu Fictttii Mil* 
UACtam Muiam Rotundiun, nbi cum euet impentor puaCu* in aiuru k1 eUDduni extra 
pagDklunu, quacdani pauperculk vidua procidit ante polea ftua, plorani et olunaiu; 
doDiiiu, uitc<iu>iii ladu mibi faciM ntUonaiii. Cui cam promisinet in reditu fkcen 
plmiuimuin ia>, dixit ilU: font tan moriaris priiu. impenlor hoc conddemu prmiailiit 
de ourru, ibique poauit cotuiitorium. Mulier iiiquit : hjibebwn aiiicitm Gliuni, qui intar^ 
fectui eat a quodam iuvens, ad hano rooem lenlatitiBTit imperalor : mnriatur, iaqoit, 
bomicida et nan viiat. MoHetur ergo filiua taue, qui ludana oum lilio occidit ipaum. qni 
cum duceretar ad mortem, malier ingemuit voce mag;Da : reildatur niilii i«ta murilurui in 
loco fllil mai. el lic eril inihi iccooipenealio, alioquin nunquam me fatear plenum laa 
■ooepuae, quod at bclum Ml, et ditala nimium ab impentora rscesiit.' It will be DOtioad 
that Trajan i« nol mentioiied here by iinme. nor ii b> in Partbey'e Mirabili.i Romae, pp. 7-8; 
in olber teita ths name ii glreii : but, on Uw other hand, the killer ii not the emparor'i 
BOO. See Codfi Catanateiuit D.V. 13. t. 119; 'Arena pielatii ante aanctam mariant 
nrtundam, ubi ac«dit qaedam iitona de pauper* niuUere eaina Gti» acciiai erat a filio 
Tieine tup, qne petiit inn «ibi Deri ab imperslnre Traiauo pcraclo Ire ad eiercitom, Ac' 
Jean d'ODtramauta in Zy luymir dtt kMort, Til, i, p. 61, laya eran lliat the widow 
maniad the eropan'r'a non |,i^l, Giaf, Soma ntUa nrmeria. Ate, vol. ii, p, 35, n. tf). 



8m alio Conu 
I Nov. 1, ISOd. 



' Giacomo Doni'* account of lbi> Irgend tn Itie finnca Anlotn^iit 



80 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



haue bis son for hir ion. Thus pe emperou? grnunted liir Jjat iche deeired 
and )jU8 WM trewe jugeraent had and pite exercised in BSuaoionti of fiii 
mnnniH lif wherfo? was |:>iB raemorisH cleped a rebus pietatia. ' 



Who many cymyteries be in rome. cap uii. 
Cymiteries in rome are called nowt only Rwecb places as deed men hi 
byried in but swech aa holy men dwelt in. This sey I not jiat men schuld 
undirstand pat no man were byryed in hem bnt to pie entent for to prone 
pat |>ei serued of samwhat ellis. For cimitirrium in Intyn is not eljis for to 
sey but tredyng of deed mennis bodies imd je must uhdirstande jiat [lecymy- 
teries at rome be grete noutes and mynes undir J>e erde in wbech feyntia 
dwellid Bumtyme but now be pei desolate for horrible derknesse and disuse 
of puple sane only j>at cymytery whcch is called knliiti. And be cause (lat 
in pe secund book we siliul trete of pe gooatly tresou? J)at is in J>is cj-myterie 
Jwrfor in (jis chapet?wil we reherse only ]3e multitude of hem )jouj |)ei he now 
desolate. [ Cimitmum kalepodii is at aeynt paiicras in translibi? . | Cimi- 
t«riuin ngathe is in ^e place of pe same title. | Clmitfrium 



i 



place. I Cimit^riuT 



felici 



8 in p^ same place 
iiidir seint seba»tian< 



moost 
chcrch, I Ciraiterium 



I Cimiterium' 



famouso fast by cjttaeuwbas 
preta^ati is be twii Jw 3ate whech is cleped porta Bppia & seynt ftppoliina?. 
I Cimitcrium concordianum !a with outen poria ktina. | Cimitrfriutn int<T 
duos lauroB is fast by seynt heleyn. | Cimitgrium ad urnum pileatum sum 
bokis sey ))ut is fast by 
seynt juliai 



' )jat seynt u 
ursam pilleatum.' | Cimiterium in agro u 



iynt sabines but I fonde i 
■■■pl.e 



itin in marbill at a crosse 
was Bumtyme clepid ad 
at seynt laurrns extra 
muros. I Oimiterium priscille at pe same title. | Cimit«rium trasonis fast by 

* Coniolt tke chapter on triumphal tnhea in Nichols, Mamli ofUomi, pp. S~1G ; and 
Uriiobs, Cod. Topag.. pp. 92-3, IIB, 13», 1B3-6. 

* ' Kalix ' in nuu^n of H8. 

' Ths aharch of 9. Giuluno was in the ttreet leading from the L*t«r>iii In S. Mary 
Major, and wu called S. Giuliaoo ^li Trofei di Mario. It was nntored \>y Nioholns V, 
but M\ into ruin afterwardi (AdinolG, vol. t, p. Snsi. 

' TlieobarohorS. Bihiana was founded ftboub j ST by Pope Simpliciug, near tbo palo- 
tiiim LieininHim, It «M DrigiunUy called Olympiiint after a jmoui matron, «ho prorided 
the fundi for couBtravting it. A nunnory wai attached to the charob, and the name of 
tha street in which it stood wa) ■row pUaxtat. Honoriui I II reitnred it in 1120, and 
the chnrrh was entirely altered by Urban VIU. In ancient times there waa a statue of 
a hatted bau there (Adinolfi, vol. i, p. 231 ; Armellini, p. 167 ; Marucchi, p. Hi ; 
Nibbj, p. ISl : 9tadler's BeUigtnlaitBH, vol. i, p. 479). 

* A note in Adinolii, however, aaya that some authors ascribe this name to one Unns 
TogatUF, a freedoian of Varus. A atalac to him bora an inscription, conunendng 
' Uraos tofpttUB qui primus pila liisi decenter cam meia lusoribus,' Jtc ; which in>cri| 
ii hi the Capitoline Musenm (AdinulS, vol. i, p. 381, n. 3 '. 



iption I 



YE SOLACE OF PaORIMES 21 

Beint Batiirnyn.' | CivaiUr'iam fee felicitatis in \m entae title. ] Cimit^rium 
popciani fast by cimit-rium kalixti. I Cimitwinm Wrmetis & tlomitile and 
cimitfrium 
nia hnHtieni 



ci were id pe weye whech poth to aeint ponies it ii 
But ye moont part of f>e8e be now desolat and onknowen 
ily lo pilgrymes / but eke on to hem ]>at haue be fere all he? lyue.' '- '^^ » 






Of o()ir holy places & he? nnmcB be for it waa cristen, uiii. 
Of oJ>ir holy places spoken of id onre legendis and martilogis wil we treta 
now for it is grete counfort on to ou? deuocioun \^t whan we rede of hem 
we may rememb? Jiat we aey hem. Owt at \>e jate whech is cleped porta 
appia pere was Bumtyme a temple of mare god of bataile and now ia )3e? 
a fav? arche in whech is dejMiynted all j-e story who ou? lord met with 
petir and aeyde on to him J^at he wold go to rotne to be crncified ageyn 
and \iff be aent petir ageyn to receyue his martirdam whech waa in wiH 
to a fled ywfro. Thus Jje temple of pe fals feyned god of batayle ia turned 
on to a meraoria] of trewe fiteres for ou? lord ihu whech wold rather deye 
^an forsake his feith. { That place ]>nl it) now cleped custodin mamortini 
whe? seynt petir waa in priaoun ivoa aumtyme a temple conaecrat to 
jnbitfr , | That cherch whech is cleped seynt adrianea was aumtyme the 
temple of refuge )>at is to sey who so euyr fltd yerloo was 8af J>ere. | The 
cherche of seynt genrge was pe temple of Concorde. ] That place whech ia 
cleped now »ca ni. de penis infernj ' whe? \>e drngon lyoylh jet nndyr \>e 
ground as ^i xey was aumtyme templam ueate. Ueata wis as mech for 
to aeye bb a goddesae keper of chastite & uestales we? called ))oo uir^nes 

' The church of S. ftatumimia and the C^eteriiiFn TrMonis were on the Tia Salsrin. 
The cbnreh wbb mtared by Hadrlnn I. rebuilt by Felii IV, sfter iw dertriinHon by Are, 
and deconted with picture) by Grpgory IV. It luted till the Ume of Nicfaoku IV 
(lSS7-0a), but i» not mentioned hgnio mfler bis dnte. Boiici found rsm&inH of it, wh«n 
exploring tbe Catacombs, nnd troced the lUurcwie conneotinf; the church with them. 
A modern chapel wa* erected in the Villa della Porta, and dedicated to 8. Sataminiia 
(Armellini, p. 699). 

* At the time oar chronicler wroto hardly anything wm known nhoat the Cataoomti*. 
Their rediKOverer wm Antonio Boiia, who waa bom aboat IB78 in Malta. H« began bis 
lite't work in 1593, and deToted thirty-aii yean to their Mndy. De Rowi vefy jattlj 
calli him (in the Introduction to hia great work) the Cu1uml>Ba ol undcrgronnd Rome 
(Jloaa Sollerrnnea, p. 3d iiq.]. De lioeri aim mentintu the work nf the Belgian 
wholar Philip Tan AVinghen, who lived in Rnme for two yeuf. In 1590 be had 
already diaoovered the Catacomb* of PriicilU, bat he died young. Boeio oirried on the 
work be had began; and altimately, when he pabliehed hU own book, HatHaSolUrraiMi, 
tnelodad tn i( whim mapii which had been drawn by Van Winghen (of. Orbaan. Si>rftt* 
£OTM,LiondoB,lBll, p. 176). For early aoonnnta of tbe Catacomb* *m NiohoU, ifitr«eU 
iffEomt, pp. mt-O ; Uriidw, Corf. TojMg.. n-. »B, 118. 130. 

* Al or near the ehuroh ofS. Maria AntitguB. 




22 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMEB 

ps,t dwelt J^e?. | That place whech is cleped sea marJa le none |>at was be 
temple of concorde anJ pjtc. | Fast by was a place cleped cartulariaw in 
whech place we? here bokea kept of he? lawe. For fei engrosed ou to 
hem all pc gode cuRtomes of |^ world ]>&t we? writyn iu oiiy book and 
^i iuacted hem in to he? bokes whech bokea ]>ei named bibliotacis of )>oo 
had }<ei ixu uolames. | That cherch cleped eeynt petir nd uincula whe? 
seynt petir cbeyne is schewid was sDmtjme temple to ueniia goddesse of 
leacherye. | That place whe? eeynt paules cherch atant was called in elde 
tyme ortus lucille. This same woman jauc mech posaessioun on to |>e cherch 
as men may lecie in cronicles. | Fast by eeptiaolium was a foule pitte of 
wose and watir in whech eeynt sebiistian body was cait and he appered on 
to ^is same woman lucitle and teld hi? ))at scbe echuld fynde hit body (le? 
wbech he bid echuld be byried in j>e cherch fast by oatacumbaH and sche 
fulfillid hie comraHundme/it.' | Fast by ]>e capltolie was a houa ail undir (« 
ground whech is cleped in pe legendis of martires in tellure.' | The strete 
flat is cleped lalerane gotli by seynt praxedis. | That place where seynt 
laurens was losted is called Bumtyme olimpiadea pales as is seid by fo? 
Bum tymo it is cleped olimpiailes temple . Many oJ)ir places be |>e? (lus 
chaunged to pe best of whech we schul speke mo? largely in pe secimd 
f. 363 r book whan we schuil / descry ue fe chcrehis,' 



Of J>at place itt sptctal y' is called angulia sci petn. is.' 

Ther is a pile? fast by aeynt petir cherch all of o ston a grete mwueyle 

for to be liold fur %e ]m elde writeris sey put bad experiens of pe men? p9 

• (ire 11.2. p. B8. 

' The (loiiitiiin of the pUce in tellurt, bd often metiUoned in tbia HS,, ia npprnii- 
maWij SxaJ b; tl>e rollowing paamge : ' Atiahe dove ae aliianiB lucho'i ohaiinpu'H fo i1 
Upio diCerero &di teliire Ic <jte dav aeoSdu iKOpiniOe de li mmii innoU (flrra cioe odfra 
el ttpia delta torn ' (Sdijiehaiioii di niAli palaixi, Venios, 1480. p. A ii >). It Ma>t 
not. huweT«r. be ounfuied wltb the temple of TeUua fii the Siibnira, in Carini4 (lee 
D. S9, p. 31, N'iahala, HarvfU of Rtrmt. and D. 78. p. 33). 'Item dogegen ' (tarn- 
plum CoDCfirdiaeJ ' iat gewcaen templuin telluris, d>a iat der got dea erttriclia, dea man 
Diolili aieht, iiu heist man* in aand Sklvalor id Tellnmiiie ' (Jordui, ii. 4S3), ' unil far 
tellure apieehan ay tellnoiiiM. Item iD«r itet ein edel ([epea Docheini teinpaln Menmtio 
ein got der rcdunj oder pnlacluft den mui nun Sand Hiohel' (Jordan, ii. 487) 'geweloht 
hkt, da man iianl die &aoh rsrksuft ' (Muffel, p. C8). 

* Compftra with Niohola, MarwU of Romt, pp. 29-84 ; Urlichx, Cod. Topog., p. 94. 

" The etjiiiology of the nkrne angailUi aanefi pttri ia more or Icaa confmeil. In the 
Mirabilia the word ' a^alin* oocura : 'iuita quud eat memorial Cne>«riBi<) ral agulia, nhi 
Bplendide cinia eiua in gun akrcopbago rei^uieiMTiC.' Id it tAS. in the Turin Library the 
word becomea the tuuna of a piao*, and the tomb of CMhftr ii daacribed u ; ' uDe pomme 
d'erMD doree tor nn haulte colombe de marbre ou muvhiet qn'on diit •! ulie a Romma' 
{Cod. L. II, 10, f. 106 v). Ttia foilewing forma are found : acua, acocila, aguechia, agugUa 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



33 



pilei* is in heith cc. feet anil ,u. Up oti )}U pilere is a ^ete ball of copir 
or braaM wbech was aamt^e gilt itud fretted with \ireciouB etones in 
whech was j til ins cesar body put rith for |)i8 cause. For as lie was lord 
a boae alio men |iat we? olyue whil be regned be? eo BchuliJ hie body rest 
n boae aH bodies )3at we? byiied be fai him. Wberfo^ id )Mt round 
b»ii of gold b« wrytyn Jiese oere. Cesar erat tRiitua qnantas fuit ullua 
in orbe 8e nunc in modieo clausit in antro eao Alira sepultura stat 
cesaria alia columpna Itegia structura qua rite nouercat in aula Aures 
coucha patet qua cinis ip»e Litet Si lapis est unUB die qua fuit art« leuatua 
Kt si sint plures die ubi iunctura inest.* This is pe sentens of pete uers. 

(Lktiaized rorm igugtia), according to Graf. But in Ibe Middle Agea it wu believed that 
tbengjue wu k comiption of Juli>, and Grrvue of Tilbury ctlU JlJulm Pelra (cf. GnT, 
Soma nella inmioria, kc„ lol. i, p. 2881. lUnuir Hidden »vi: - Hmic autcm Pyruni- 
r dem auper qiiatnor leone* fuoditam peregrini menilaai acaiii bead Petri appellant, men- 

tiantiirque illuin fure mundum a peccatie qui tub tnxu illo liberiui potuerit repere' 
(Higden, Potj/ekroaieon, ed. Babington, London, 1S65, vol. i, p. 2'2S). ' Prmu a aanoto 
Pieiro dove mo w dice la gnlgia dove c una cholonn quadra grandiwdma come una lora, 
ft di topn t la lensru dil churpo di leuare' (Ediflehation di mulH putnin, Venioe, 
1480, p. B ir). In l>e Roau'i FiavU iconograjieia di Roma the obeUik !■ ihown in 
Plate No, I, and the term am (-needle) is uaed to d«iicribe it. De Iloni aayi, in tha 

^teIt, that he counders tbie uie oC Cbe word to be ' >iDg<jUre '. In the large plan, nt tb« 
end of De Roui't work, it ii called  La Guglia ', and it la abown M an ob«li«k with a ball 
at the top. ItUaUoahowD tbui in Plate No. IV. 
' Tbia inacription variei a good deal in diCTerent aathora. Ranulf HJgden tay* ai 
fuUowa: 'PyntmU lulii Caeurii, habena in altitudine duoentoB quiaquaginta pedea in 
eolai tommo fliit ipbaera aenea ciaere* el oasa lulii cootiiieni. De quo coloarao quidam 
Hetriou* ato ut : 

8io lapia eat uiiua, die qua fuit arte levatni : 
Si lapide* plnrea, die ubi oontigui ' 

(Hit^den, PolyeAronieoti, vol. !, p. 33fl). 

'It«ni in oolnmna Inlia qnae nuiK  peregrinii acui Petri dicitur, nbl pulvli eainbnitl 
Corporia lulii ponebator, aic eral melrice auriptuni : 

Tantni Caeaar eras quantua et orbta. 

Sed nunc in m'>dica claudetia urns.' 
I (Higden, Poi^fironiron, book iii, vol. it, p. 31(1). 

L Thua rmderad by John Treriaa : 

 ' pou were grete, Ceaar, ai at (« world la at ene 

I And art now lette >«ir« l-cloaed in a Utel atana ' 

W Here ta another TerNoii : 

r ' Hira aepultura atat Caeaaria all» coluropna, 

Regla atmotura. que Hte vooatnr Agnia, 

Anr«a concha palet, qua dnia ipae iacel ' 
[jVoR. Gtrm. Eitl. Script, iiit 67 ; Gotfrsdi ViterbientiiL, Sf^eulum Regam, vv. 837-li}. 
I And another: 

I ' Af man dat unden an eyme itayn* gchauwen vindl myl deaen uae geticreuen venien 

^^^^^^ 8«I in modico none lam magnoa cUnditnr antro. 

^^^^^L lain acriptara itat Caaaaria alta coluinpna 

^^^^^^H Regia atructara quanta noa eitat in aula. 



24 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

This man was swech \>ere is now oon him lich. Now pusaed fro men aud 
sperd in his litil den A meruelous Bopultu? a pilt? o£ hy tigu?. To a kyugia 
bildjDg fuU' in halle stand pere no swech. The roundo balle we se 
in whech hie asches be If )>is be but o ston be what craft myth it up 
goo If ioyntifl ouy je se t«lle ub whe? Jwt ]>ei be. Tliia is ]>e pn'ramydaH 
meniorie of ))is noble conqwerou? to whom was not joue so grete worchip 
aftir his deth with outen notable dcdig in hia Ijff. '\Vhe?for we list now 
to reberse aumtne of bis dedis )>nt alt ^e redei-es may know he liath not 
t?is memorisll with oute cause. Or he was euip«rou? whilis he waa on of 
f>e cousulis be caused J>at fe romanea sent oute wise men gretly leined in 
secular actens to mean? aH pe world. Tliei laboured a bout« fia weik ixii 
^? and fuunde |»t ]>e erde hath faroouae sees xxx, prauiiKes seuenety and 
uiii, notabil citeca an hundred and seuenety. So all ):« world achuld cnHteyue 
in bis aercle xx [wusand mjle and xl myle hu be cause Jje cii-cnmfetena 
of euery aercle is thrius as mech as ia pe space fro o aide to an uthir 
Jwfor )>ei concluded )'at fro fe o side of f>e world to J^e othir achuld be 
ai )>ousaud myle aud uii buodred. Orete uictoriea hod j^is miiu ouyrdjuere 
uacionefi l^at is to seye frauna germauie with gJl bia prouyucea wbech ia 
ful ny [>e })irde part of cristendam sucue eke he conquered grete brytayn 
wbech pei clepe ingtond eriond & many ujiir. He bad so many batailes 
ia )re prouynces of germanye pAt pt uoumbre of hem )}at vei akyii jiiere, 
cam as crouiclea telle to iic thouaaud Ixxxii thouaaud of choaeu armed men. 
At' grete alisauiidP also mad he nifruelous werk saue u rebuk had he jiere 
be waa fayu to lice to pe watir and whan be had entred a schip pare folowid 
him ao many men paX pe achip sank. ThamU saued he him selue swymmyTtg 
t, 3i]3 T with o hand iic pa»ae and / certey lett«ria iu his o^ir hand wbech wef neuly 
brout on to him. This lord eke with ful grete stodye corrected pe kaleude? 



Et li nnt (ilure* die ubi coagerie*' 

(^PUgtr/aXrl, Hitter V, Huff, H8«-9, p. U, Ciilii, 1880). 
And Initly : 

' UI in (fuirinali mnni icriptuin o~t : 
L'uMr tnDlui fait qukutna fuit nlliu in oibe 
8a Dime ia ini>dico olauut in antra sun. 
MIn aepuitun stat C»atis nlUcalumiin*. 

Aurea concha patet i\at. cinis ip«e Utet 
S\ lapii nt USUI die qua fuit arte levatua 
Et si Bint plurei die ubi cuntigoant' 

(,MS. BodK Laod. Mi,c. 203, fol. 118 r. «*e. 
H« kUo Nichuli, MarteU of Rome, pp. 70-3 i Urlkbj, Cod. Tofuj., jip. lu&, 13-J. 
' ' iioh ' iu margin of MO. 
• ? A.. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIHES 28 

whecb was neuyr parfith on to f>e tyme }>at pie correccioun wns mod and 
^rfor wns on of pe moutliis of it Darned aftir him. Saetontiu eeith of him 
}»at Ilia hand vrae as uble to )» penne as to ]>e iwenl . Of his meknesBe it is 

red 



told Jiut Le cam 01 
ou to Ilia diacipIeH 



a tyme 
Allem 



I to skole wlie? as acciw* pe poete sat a 

a rose a geyn pe emp^rou? aaue pie acciuB pat 



sat Btille. Aftir pe acte was do a lord enqwirid of fia poete whi lie roB not 
and ded worchip to pe uictou? of all [lis world. He answered a geyn in {>iH 
mnne? t^nt a Bougrcyn achuld not rise op to Lib aubiecte, pet for to do worcUip 



1 to bis peie is ful emmeuie^it but wiadam excellith al ): 



ThiB 



proposicioun was so alonid of pe emperou? fiat he ded make a lawe per4 
Bcbuld ueiur mayatir ia skole riae a geyn non ostat.' Aftir many dyners 
com mend Bcionea of ]>ia lord pe crouicles conclude j^at he was killld iu pa 
capitole be eiiuye of* brnttM casaitM. Of ^e mauei' of bis iletb and pe 
toknys be for bis detb we? ouyr longe for to telle and eke ouyr fer? fro 
ou? puipooa Du wbecb we aette ouce book at on? begynnyng. 



Of dj'utra templis of fals goddis tttrnyd to eeruyEe of seyuti*. cap x. 

Be fore in pe nlii cbapetir spoke we aumnhat iu )7is mate? and be? achul 
we fnllille j^at was left J>ere. Be fore adrianea templo we? ol?ir too templea 
ou was dedicat to pe goddeeae o f flowrea ^e o))ir was cousecrale to pbebua. 
PlicbuB called |>ei pe sunnc for )iia cause. Pbebua ia aa mecb to sey as cler 
or britb ^r for called )>ei ao pe saxDe for be ia britest of all planetia. And 
you) BO be fiat alle jjingis pat growyn on erde be moost norcbid be pe sunne 
)it peee men in he? errooris wold haue a nojiir apeetal goddesae on to floares 
and hi? calleil |iei flora. On of jJese templia la now dedicat on to ou? lady 
and pe opir on to seyn jame.' The chercb l^at ia clepid aeynt urse waa sum- 



' ' AuditoriDia TuUJi Casui intravlt. Cui com Hnrgeret TnlUai, Caetar prohibult, 
dioena, "Non awnrgM milii, ntaior eat euim tapientja qaani poteoUa." Cui Tulljoi : 
" Orlni victori non OMurgMii t " Et Caeur, " At tn maioMm Uareuu adeplni ei i|nuii 
propagare termiaoa Romani imperii." Cuioi varbi occaaiona Iu a Caeaara eauuiavit at 
nemo codicam tenent auC tagoia cDiqnam Msarpst. ValeritiM,' And later: ' Aociua 
poeta luUo Ca«aari ad oollegliim poetarun Tenienti non auumiit. laterrogatiu nutcm 
cur taotae maieitati tnpmederet, mpondit, " Inrerior luperiori BMurgit ; par pari cou- 
venit, Mid MpieotU oanctn praecsllit (cxoellit)," quod qiiideDi dicCam luliui approbarit. 
Banulphmt' (Higdcn, Folyihronicon, vol. l\, pp. 116, 31S), 

* ' (Ml ' conectad thus In MS. 

' Thii i» probaUy B. Giacomo dot Portioo. Thii portieu waa Ihs celebrated une wtueh 
ted from llu tiridge of ij. Angela to tbe Vatican builica, and vaa coaatnii:ted fur tite 
•ODVcnicaue of pilpima, and fur the Tonden uf MUPred ubjccU. The church aUll eilat«, and 
Ii now caU«i a Olacouo di SconacaiaUi (AnueUbl, p. 247 ; Nibly, p. 233). The church 
dedicated to Our Lady ii probably S. Maria Tiaipoiitiua. 



i 



26 



TE SOLACE OF PILGRfMES 



tjme nero sccretai'i in vheoli as men rede lie used ful cursid nygromancy 
and dyuynncionn mooat Bpeciali iu deed mtnnyt bodies. For we rede of 
hym aud of juliane apoatata both ]rat pe deuel wold not ep«ke on to hem on 
to tyrao Jei must ale n fay? woman gret^ wilh childe and Bche achuld ho 
hangid ap and opened aa a beeet panUt achuld pe deuel apperia in hir body 
and }iue hem anawe? of he? materia. These houses comounly we? called 
he? sory aecretariea. Blessed be iiiu ^at hath turned crirten mennyg hertia 
]>at uot only pei be aferd for to doo awcch dedia but eke it is horrible on to 
liem for to be? perof. The? wbb eke a feld fast by martis temple whech 
stood as we aeido be fore fast by ^t place wbccb ^i clepe do»iine quo uadia. 
Thia feld sernyd to )jia office. The Jjirde knlendis of July come ail (>o worthi 
i. SSI r paple of rome/ to put same and ^p was pe usage to chese be? consules 
whech is as mech to aey aa wise men of oounceHwhecb we? chosen togouerae 
pe puple aa for o je?. For wo rede of pe worj^i men of rome ()at pe'i were 
twyea consul or thriea or fouro aithes often tyme chose for lie? wortliineaae. 
These men j^ufl chosen echulde abide )}ere fro )>at iii tt. of July on to pe 
kalendM of januari and fiatiiD scbuld be brout on to pe capitol with grete 
Eolcmpnile and receyue pet bis olBcs. Mineruea temple whech ia clepid 
goddeaae of wisdom is now turned in to a cberch of ou? Indi and a couent of 
frere prfclioures in whech slant a eonclane pert many a pope hath be chosen 
for grete Ecwimcase for it atont in pe myddia of pe cyte. And ptf be m«r- 
nelous meikia made io marbill and writyng Jwupon who hye ]:>at tybu? hath 
risen dyu^rs jeree. This chaujtgyng of templis in to chitchis schal be mo? 
largely talked in {le aecunde book wlian we come to pa same places J^at We 



Of l^c capitol {irtucipal place of pe cile. ca si. 

Of pe capitol whech is now and euyr hath be ns pnncipal place of jie cite 
wil we spekc. First ]e achal undiratand |7at |)is place atant on a hill whech 
ia cleped mona capltoUnita for |)ia cause aa we seyde be fore in pe capitule de 
moutibua |]at a mannea hed al hoi was fonnde in pe ground whann pm diggid 
to make a temple in worchip of jupit«r.' It was eke clepid capitol as heed 
of aH pe world for in l^ot bona ^i kept he? councefi who [lei schtJd goueme 
all pe world. It had grete wallia and )x)0 aamtyme actte with gold and 
pncioUB stones of ful m?ruelous werk )>at wotd not lithly be diatroyed witb 
wedir for pe stones wc? sawen in dyuera formes and couchid in po watt with 

' 'TuJem in monte Tiupeio lemplum lavi cniutruxit. In qualnco quift caput faomials 
iDTMktam eat dam fodartnt, CKpttolium locum ilium vocaverucl ' (Itaoulf Higden, 
Folycinmieoit, tdL ifl, p. ISB). 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 27 

cjmeDt aB men may jet ee iu dynera clierchea in rome. But |>is werk of ))ia 
place and many moo is dietroyed eyttitr be oonqvest of )ie cite or ellia be 
ohatinge on to bettir use. With inne {^is tou? was a temple wliech ))ei aey 
BB of ricchease was worth l>e jjird part of ]>e world o( gold eiluyr perle nnd 
pncioos etoiies in which uirgile mad a m«meloae crnft ' ]wt of cuery region 
 of \>e world stood an ymajfc mad all of tre and in his hand a lytil belle, aa 
often as ony of j^ao reglonea waa in purpOB to rebelle a geyo Jie gretc magesto 
of rome a non j^is ymago {lat waa aasigned to |^at rcgtoun achuld knylJe liia 
bell. Tiinun waa yen iu ye myddia of \>e houa al tt boue a knyt mad of brag 
& a bora of [re aame metnll whech euene a noon * na ^ia lielle was runge 
tamed him with a spcro to Jiat cost of \>e erde whe? (i^a pnple dwelt J>at 
purposed )iub to rebellc.' This aspied of \>e prefua wbecb be certeyu ciim- 
panyea wc? aaayued to wecch and wayte on )>is ordynauna a non all {^e 
knythod of rome with he? legionia / mod bem redy to ride and redreaae Jiis t. Wi t 
rebellion. Suninio nuctoree aey }?at )>e belle bing a boutc j^e jinages nek. 
And a non aa l>e puplo raad rebellion pe ymage turned hia bak to }» givt 
god iubit«r |iat atood in |:te myddya. Thci cnqwyred of uirgile who long« }>it 
werk echnld endewre and be aniwered tyl a may ' bare a child whe?for \>ei 
concluded y>ttt it achuld ataude cuyr. In jie natiuite of crUt |^ei aey aH pig 
brak and many o)>ir J^ingia in the cite to scbewe )^t pe lord of aH lordes was 
Gomo. Men may hauo menieile p&t uirgile achuld boue awech knowyng of 
pe miaterles of ou? feith and I anewc? jvrtoo )>at \>e holy gooat put hia jiftia 
nowt only in good men of ti'ewe by Icue but eke iu otbir. Lycb as it is seyd 
of cayphag )?Ht prophecied of criatia deth pe eoangelisl Bi>ekith of bini ^ua. 
TJieae wordea aeid he not of him aelf but be cauae he was biachop for fat je? 
Jwfor he prophecied. Neuyrj^elaaao in uirgil bookca he foonde open 
testimouiea of criatia birth aa it ia conteyned in a latyn book |>at a woman 
called probft gadcred owt of uirgilea uera. Theae lii uera folowyng coupled 
sche owt of pe firat book eueydoa & nii book. Uirginia os habitnm q; gercna 
mirabile dicta Nee g^nn-ia noatri puerum nee sangutuia edit Uera q; terrifici 



' The legenda rvgarding VergU'i miraonltniB poweis would appear to hkve originktad 
■mong tlic oommoa penjile of Napla*, knd Id bsTa aprcBd 60m there to Rome wid to 
ootnitrioi ouUlde Italy. They diuppwred from literatnra nftar tbe rixteenUi ceiitnry: 
but, in the Muth of Italy, tbey lurrlvB among the peopla to thi* day (Cnmparetti, Firr^ 
<■ the NiililU Agri, Part il, London, 190S). Hjgden giTea Alexandra dt nalmrit r«nim 
a* the ' rehenour of iiwiif merueUoiu tbjngea ' regarding VagH'a ntenmuiej (Higdeo, 
Polythronieon, id. It, p. 218). ' ever anon. 

* The Salvatio Bomae i* deicribed In Eili/teiation di nolH palatii, Venice, 1480, 
p. A i « ; and in Solinu* D» nrmDrabilitriH naaift, Venice, H'<\, p. Q ii > ; but tha 
latter author piacu tt in the Pantheon Imlvd of the Cafntol. Bigden Mien apeaki of It 
(rofycArMicon, T0I.I, p.aiacttcq.). SeeabnGnfin the chapterenUtled La fVeataiH 
Home, in hU worli Soma vttla airnoiiir, Jtc, vol. i, di. v, p. 182 «t >«]. ' tmaad, 

e2 




TE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 

oecinenint omtaa nates. These uers mcuo )^ii in ou? tange m I suppose. 
A wom&n heryng a uirginal moath and a airginal habits meruejl to eeye 
Neythir of onr kyiirod no of owre blood hath bore a child. The late corayng 
of Jjis dredful lord snnge Ipe forme? prophetis. This aame capilol had many 
templia and hoascs hanging up on him aa }ct is seno. For in )>e heitb 
& boue was a temple consecrate to iubit«r and iuno. A Uthil be neth 
ftn othir temple cleped aeetal in whech maydenes dweld in clennesse of 
chastite as I declared be fore. In a no]jir temple ]iat was Bumtyme named 
of boladyroee ' was a solerapne chajer in whech pc principal biochop of alio 
here temples )» day of his entro schnld be introuyzid in whech chnye? l^ei 
sette julitM cesar whann lie was first receyuyd and pat was benidayof 
march. Alt [lis aa it semcth was on Jw est side of ]>e capitol. And on Jjc 
west side to ^ mercate' aide was a temple dedicate lo mynerue. And fast 
by B ton? in whech J>ei Ityllid pe noble man often relioreid whech bitb 
julim cesar . Alio peso places ar ny oliaunged or distroyed be dyners men 
of ojjir londid fat haue wonne roma often tyme. And for Jie romanes aey 
|>at l^ei fei'd ncuir weel ne nenyr stood in prosperito sitb cristendam cam 
jj«rfor wil I schewe hem fat ofir naciones oonqnei-ed hem longe bo fore crist 
was incarnate. The cronyelea of grete brytayne ly now nexte hand whech 
is cleped inglond Jmrfor out of (x)0 wil I take my testimonie. BelinttJ and 
brennwj we? to Kyngis of fia lond regnyng to gidir in fat same tyme fat 
f. 3fl6 1 heater was wedded to / assucf. These to bretherin wonne a grete p«rty of 
ronie* but principal was brennuJ wlieclt made fe cytees in tambardye both 
melan and pauyo and aftyrward fese too brefrin held a grete batayle with 
fc romaynes at a flood of fia side of rome called albulu wliere fe romanes 
fled and fei folowed and took idl fis citce saue fis capitol whech had he 
take had not a gander with cry a waked fe keperes. Of fis story not only 
ou? cronicles be? witnes but fe ci-onicles of itaile' | fat is to eey godfrey of 



 It i* diffioalt to imdimttDd Khftt the author means by the Temple of < >e Isdy mu '. 
The Mirabilia msatioiu s ptue ckUed in MonatUrio r/oniinss Hoiae eaiteiUm aanum 
(Drtiohi, Cai. Topog.. p. 108). Niohol«, in n. 187. p. 86, identLfie* the tnthUuM 
avmiK u the Circui FUmjaiiu, imd the monatteriitm daminat Rotac at S. C&leriiui u 
Funwi. ' Imsrfcel. 

 Breaniui, brother oT Bellnn^ King of Britun, rebels aguiut the Utter, and eipda 
him. BelinusBeM to France, »ndbeooioes Dolce of Brittsny. He iDvmdeii England, bnt 
thdr mother uukei paaoe between them. Thej then conquer Fnuiee, a great part of 
Germany, anil liiuJIj la; siege to Roma. Fnriua Camillus. however, br«aki the Beg* 
(Higtlen, Polgfkrouieoa, eh. xrii, Tol. iii, pp. 284-70- Saeal«>ch. lix, vol. Lii, pp. 3S4-306, 
for another aooount □( Belinui and firennuj). 

* ' Et k la Toil dea oie* pnet on conoiitre tooten lea bores de la nuit et lea vigilei ; et 
n'est Qua animaua so monde qai aente li bieo lea bomea come elea font, Et a lor ori 
farent ^lerceu 11 Franoaia qoant il volnient prendre le Chapitoile ds Rome, sdone ea i)M 
riatotre none raconta ' (Brunatto Latini, Li Livra d<m Trtior, p. 306). 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILOBIMES 29 

niterbe in his book whech bo ctepeth pitntlieon | and IroguB pompcJiia ' in 
hii book eke, ygid bischop of spayn in bU book of cronioulca.' Also 
BCf nt ambrose biscbop of melan in bis book called exameron eeitb on to rome 
)»)t )>ei we? mo? bourule to do worchep on to be? gees Jmnit to he? goddia for 
pe gandjr was wakyng and warned hem whann be? goddis slept. And in 
uery soth wban }:ia breunu* bod receyued a grete summe of gold and wu 
goo jjefonnjd'paple defouled in eirou? ded make agandyr of wbito marbilt 
aod ded to it worcbip as to a god. The bed of it is broken but \>e body lith 
jet hool at a cberch do? whech J»ei clepe sa nicbolafta in carcw«.* 



Of )x: too bora of marbill & to naked men called ]>e caballis. xii.' 

OfT pt caballis be many straoge tales snm gey {^ei we? geaantis summe gey 
}>ei were philisophres. Too grete horses }ier« be and too naked men standyng 
be bem. On pe othir side of ^ strete eittitb a woman wonnde al a bouta 
with a serpent and a fayre conk of porphiry ston be fo? hi?.* This is Jie 
trcuth of ^is mate? as cronycles telle. In pe tyme of tiberiu* pe empe/'oa? 
come to romo to naked men and pbilisophres but Jong of age on of bem 
bith pratelluB )>e oj^ir hith sibia. These men were brout on to pe empcrou? 

' For ma mccoiuit of TrogUB PompiJUB lee article on Jiiatinai, the liiatorlui, in Smith'i 
Dieliunaiif of Bioyrajiky. He flDoriRhed in the time of Aagnittii. Bi> great work waa 
called IMtr Siiloriarum Phitippicaram, to which title the words tt loliai nmndi origiiut 
tt terrae litiu wore kfWw&rdi sUded. Juitiaiu admita that hii own book wm eutirelj 
deriTed from Trogua Pompeiiu'a Universal Hialory (Smith, Dicliimary of Clatical 
Biograpif, Tol. U, p. 880 b). 

 There are mreral thsological writers named ludore ; but the writer, who in another 
paeu^ ipeakB of him as a ' bialiop of Spain *, appears to be referring to laidorv, Biihop of 
9eviUe. He is generallj oalled S. Isidore the younger, so oa to distinguish him from 
S. Isidore, Bishop of CordoTa. S. Indorc the younger was Iha ion of Severian, GoTcmor of 
Cartagena, aod Theodora i lie flourished in the eerenth century, and died in the year £34. 
S. Isidore the elder lived in the refgn of Bonoiiui and Tbeodorio* the youDger (Horari, 
.C<c(iannair* hUtOrique). 

' Fond, fodiih. 

* For an early a«eonnt of the Capitol see Nioholi, Marrtli of fonie, pp. B6 -SO ; Urliclu, 
Cad. Topog„ p. 120. 

* EarUer and aimilnr acconnta nf the following legend will be found in Ranulf Iligden, 
i'olyeironi'eon, veil. i. p. 370 ; Graf.Aomit ntUa mtmQria.ke., Tol.i,pp.l41 Bq<|.; Urliohi, 

: Cod. Topog., p. 123. ' Temporis Tiberii ... in conoha ilia.' 

* Nichols thlDks that the statue of a sitting woman mentioned here may be the 
Hygeia of the Ginatinlani Palace fJVnrrali 0/ Btmili, p. 4 1. n. 9G). Michaelis mentions 

L this statue of the woman wound about with a serpent, and remarki that It must have 

I diaappeared early ; ai that of the captj re dwarf under the hone's hoofnf thebrnnie stutne 

I «t Marcus Aurcliui mast also hare done ; neither of then) are mentioned by any 

I author after the M'Tahilia. He agrees with Nichols that it is very likely that the statue 

I of Hfgcia in the Giustinlani Palace is the same ; as it shows (hy its considerable ratnra- 

I tion^ signs of having been oxpoeed for a long period to the action o( the weathiir 

I {R6mUei4 MiUktila/ign, 1SB8, p. 3G3). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

for ]x puple dempt bo bere siraunge Amy ):iftt ]>ei kiiewc Bumme etrnonge 
))ingiB. The eDip<rrouf iuqwirid of hem wliat waa caase of he? comyng and 
whi ))ei we'it uakid. Tbci Quswcrd }>Bt hb pe Echap of ho? bod; was open to 
alle men lie cause of heV nskedneese soo all |ie pryuy ' of \>e world were open 
on to her kiiowyng. Calls ]?ou yi councell in to ]>i pryuy chambir \>vi% Beid 
pti on to ))e emptron? nod coinoun on to bcm wbat mate? )ioa wilt ns 
pryajly us |)ou can and we aehal telle pe nftirward wliat waa eeyd fro pe 
moost on to ]>e leest. The cmp^oo? assayed pat pei seide and he fond all 
^ing Both )>at was pfomiBsed. Tho hith lie hem grete ricchesEe nud bad hem 
in ful grete reaerens and jiei refused aH and desired of him no o)>ir yiag but 
J-' fjiB memoriul acliul be mad in he? name.' Or we procedo ferjwr in ou? 
mate? we wil BatiaGe ]>6 resones of men pai wil oske iu wljat wise {^eae men 
mytb hone pis pryuy cunuyng. And wo answe? f-erto J>ot }jei bad ]>ia 
cunnyng aa is aoppose for innoceua for pel pit walked bo naked had litil 
f. SflS V appetite on to worldly good / and were ful uertuous eke in bere maneres 
wherefor on? lord list to rewarde hem with sum sjwetal jift. I auppoae eke 
f»t J>ei we? of a. nacioun whech be clepid pnynoBOpiatia of whom we rede iu 
|wgeeeti«of gret« atiaaundre )>at sftir he herd J'e fame of hem he wolde algate 
Be hem whom be fond al naked man and woman dwellyng in cauea iu pt erde 
eoyr preiaing god neuyr doing wrong lyuyng with outen atryf with oute 
debate. Here lyuyng plesod pie king so wel fat he comaunded liem to ask 
of hym what [>ei wold hane and he achnid graunte hem. Thei prayed bim 
to )yuo hem Itninortalitc and he anawerd ])at ]>>ng whech be bad not him 
self ne not myth haue who ecbul he jyue it on to o])ir men. Tho )Jei 
undirtok* of bia pride manslauth ouyr rj'dyng of ^e ctiutre and mech o^ir 
Jjiug and he paaaed fro hem gretly meuyd of her innocent lyuyng. All Jjis 
Bey we for to proue be liklynesae put Jwse too men were of J^ia naciuun. 
Therfor Btood [lei naked for pei knew many priuy Jiiugie ae if a man bo 
auo()ir naked he aclisl haue mo aekir nierkis of him pB.Dn if he Be him clad. 
That ^i Imid up he? haudis and he? armes it be toknelb ^t ))ei eoude telle 
of Jnngis whech schul falls aftirward. The grete bora pat trede so sore up on 

' 'tnngii' in margin of M3. 

' Tlis fallowing puuge in NiuhoU's trkDalatlon of ttie JVirnI'i'ia is intcreiling, knd 
ooiDca in Bt thii point of (be It^end : ' Therefore he muit Ihem tlie mumonAl that he hnd 
promlied, to wit, the nftkcd borMB, which trample un the earth, th»t ia ii|Hin the mightj 
princec of the world that rule over the men of tbia world; and there ■hall como a full 
might; king, which aLall mount the liories, that ia, upon the might of the princea of thii 
world. Meaowhile (bere be the two men half naked, which stand by tho honea, and wilb 
anna raiaed on high and bent Bngera tell the thinga that are lo be ; and aa they be naked, 
io ii alt worldly knowledge naked, and open to their minda ' (Xicbols, Marceit i^ Jlonie, 
pp. *0-41). For the I^n text »oe Urlichs, Cod. ro;joy,*, p. 87. 

' * him ' in margin oF ltlh>. 




YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 31 

|>e erdc botokneth ^ pWncea aud poteEtatia ]xA banc gouertiauns of ]>it 
world ouyr whom itood fjese naked men for to Bignifie [wit wisdam ii mo? of 
bonon? jjann power . For iu kyng alisauTidre Uf is a story ful iuat lo Jjis 
parpoa wbech tellitli )>at ^e kyng was in will for to diatroye a cite man & 
woman wal and houa pe city bitb attenea. And whann he was come ))idir 
with al bia hooat be fonde aittyrig in \>e aunne au eld philiBoph? called 
anaximeiiea wbech had sum tyme be bis msyetir. The kyng supposed as it 
waa ^at [ie city had sent him for to gete grace of ]>e kyng and a iion aa he 
B«y bim with a grete ire and a grete oth ho seide pese wordia. Be )k by 
prfmydens of god a boae what bo euyr ^ou ask of me )>is day it echal not be 
bad. And )>o philisoph? anewerd him and eeide. Now ho |^t aame 
pnmydena wbech ]iou haat named I charge \>o ^mt ^u lettc not til J>is cite 
be distroyed. O quod alisauTtd? euyr ia ^c maistiria wit a houe bia disciple. 
Thus was pe cite aaaed and Jw kyngia ire aofted. These too naked men whoo 
memorial wo haue now in hand to descryue |>ei profecied of )>e cbercb and 
eke of \>e haptem and Jwrfor in teetimonte uf pie profecie )»? sittith a woman 
wounde with a serpent an a gret ueaael by for hir of a porphiri ston. Thia 
womnn wounde with a serpent be tokuetb pc aoulea whech were in pe deuelea 
daunger with eiTou? iu he? feitb and cursed custoraea in be? manera. The 
fai? uesBcl of porphiri ston be tokneth f>e baptem in whech ache achuld be 
waBchid fro all ptue grete p^rellia. Thia same oxpoaicioun ia toucbid / in f. ssfl r 
pe eld cronicles of rome and not neuly feyned be oa,' 



Of pQ bora of braa and pe ride? y* atant at latsrsne xiii. 

Now of pe hora pat Btant at laterane and of pe sitter pat ia up on bim 
Bchal uew* be ou? procesae for aummo men sey JDat it was mad in worchip of 
grete couatantine bat it is not boo.' First wil I declare on lo )0U pe schap of 
pe ymage and aftir telle pe story what he was and whi be waa aette pen, 
A firete hora of brasse ia )>ere of ful fay? schap whech waa sumtymo gilt and 
K man eke of pe same metall sittyng on hia hak with oaten faditt. A kyng 
boundyn nndir pe bors fot and & bird aittyng on pe horcea hed. Thia ymogs 

 'IIb femiok ciraundsU istpentibui. BkIwiu knfr ae conduun, i^nificMt bftptiimnM 
ft prvdiotionca rjune predioaboBtur at ■(uloanqii* mI dominsm Iro Tolocrit | nan poterit; 
ni^ ktetw print in conehs in funti bB|itumkti« ' (SiJinua, Ve mtmoToltHOnu KmruU, 
Venloe, llDl, p. G ii). See nUo Higden, PolyeXnmicm, voL i, p. 220. 

' • now • iaterlincotecl in MS. 

' ' Uolen auf Jer eiden Ao atet gar ein groat eren roM udJ trin pawr tlkntaf gsr mtrjtxtr- 
Uch*n platen Ton »Iler gliilmtai, i>t hoi Innen und vBrguIt gewest; hst mkD deiuelben 
p4<rT«a tu ma gemaeht, lut gebejtten Septiinoto^ero, der Baxa beballcn and der iionig, 
dcr dsTor lag, truchlagen gm Itoni pnu-ht hat ' (Ituffel, p. II). 



32 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



was sette 'pen for pie cause. In }mt tyme ]mt consules goumved rome be felt 
pat a kyug cam oute of pe est witb a grete strength of men and bo aechid 
rome. In Jie tymeof consuleB seidel for rome was first gouemed be kyDgiaaod 
pifUin be to conaules whecb we? cboseu euer; ;ere and par\ii be emperouria of 
whecli iuliua cesar was pie first. Sd as I seide is pa.t same tyme ])at couTiscllouris 
gouerned pe cite in whos ty me spect'ali fynde I not cam ))is kyng and be eeged 
rome. The cite was gretly frayed of p'ta kjog and coudo not fyndo a mene who 
pel Bcbuld a uoide bjm. Than was pert iii rome a man of grete Etrength suntme 
bokes Bey pit he was a knytli summe a swye? and sunime pat he was but of 
pe low degi'e in pe puple whecU is to sey in her langago ruBticm in ou? 
a chorl. A bold man he was strong and wise. Happed him to be in ]>e 
oapituH whe? J>e Btutea and pere puple treted what cheuesaunoe ' Jiei myth 
make to uoyde pie gt&te datinge?. He stood up a mongts liem and seide 
what wold je gyne a man fiat Bchuld delyuer 30U fro Jiis diatresBO, The 
aenate anawerd lete |)at mau appe? and ask whsit lie wil and he schal haao 
it. I wil seid ^is man tak ^Ib iornay up ou me so ]3at }e graunt me 
XXX sextariea of gold and eke make a memorial in my name hora and man 
lich as I wil ride. AUe {lis schal be mad of brasso and gilt a luue on pe best 
wise. The senate grau-nted bim to fulfill all his desire. Than aeide he on 
to hem. At mydnyth loke )e be I'cdy utle iu dikye and cauernes in pe 
ground and in pe arches with iune Jw wallia and what so euyr I bid jou do 
loke je fulfillc it. The! consentid to al )>at was eeid. At mydnyth jiia mAU 
lep up on a grete hora and a atrong and rood forth in to J>e feld with a sith 
on bia bak as poaj he wold goo to mowe. When he cam in ]>e boost be 
houed and taried til pe kyng had slept his slepe and roos and went on to a 
tre to auoyde ))b birdea of bia worabe. Certeyn knytis and swieres |jat we? 
keperts for ye body folawed fro !erf and aey J^is man [ma arayed lich a charl 
ridyng witj oute a sadel supposed oot (lat he htid be of rome but rather sum 
V laboure? of / he? owne party and Jius Jiei cried on to him. Be waf carl 
what )>ou do come not so ny pe kyng pa^i schal be haugid and )>ou touch him. 
The man herd what fwi seide and with a good a uia he lyft up pe kj-ng on to 
his hors for he was a large man and a strong aud pe kyng but of litil statu?. 
Thna rood he forth crying with a loade voyB. Rise romanes and defende 
30U for I haue caute pe kyng. The romanes cout grete counfort pa-t ^is 
kyng waB take J^c o}>t'r partye lost hert [lat he? heed was absent and )ius had 
romanes j^e feld ]:'is man grete worchip aud pe perell delyu«r)*d. For [)at same 
kyng was fayn to compown witj hem and pay hem grete tribute or his 
delynwaunoo was mad. Than rerod J>ei Jjia ymage at laterane with many 

' ' Chtvittniiee ', old French Wold = oe doat on a besoia, on qu'on le propose. 



I 



w 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

o)]ir ]>ingt> Jiann we expresae now for ))«t be wasted witli age and rust ub 
men niRy aerily see.' 

Of yal jiluce whccli ^ei clepe pc colHse cap xliti. 

The coUise elce is a luciiieloua pluce whech was mad round of schap & 
grete arcliea & mayn ns jet is seue for )7e moost part of it ataut at yin day. 
It was ]>as disposed ]?at a wal gotb iu a aercle I euppoae pat Jt was iiy of aa 
bundred arcliea a Loute and a boue ]}ut an many and eke a boue Jwt as mauy, 

> ThiB legend wuBF&vonrite one in the Middle Agei, u will be ifwu Iram the roUowing 
reTeruncea : afifiehaiiari di molH palnai, Venice, IJSO, p. B vi ; Solioiu, I>e tiiemotabili- 
bat mumii', Venioc, 1J81. p. g it. He Bpe»kg ' de riiitico ledeiite tuper eqnnm enam ' 
(Bitter von KtrS, FilgerfahrUn den Jakren MSfi-P, pp. IB-lfl : von Groote, Coin, 18B0), 
Be wyi; ' Ileoi hie bij Tur der kirahen uegen wir ejni?D grniHen roetadten mui off 
eynero roelaellen parde «it)en,' 4c. In the De»eriplio plBtiaria ot the JUirabilia we reid : 
' Lalerani eitqnidftm caballui kureni qui ilicitar Conitutini led noneri ita,'&o, (Urliclu, 
Cod. Topog., pp. es, US). Gnf thinks that the owt on the he»d of Iho hone wh onlj 
the plaited forelock of Wr bstween Ibe ttn uf the animal, and th&t the figure of tha 
bouii9 dwarf king, now no longer to be found, represented some subdaed people {Roma 
iitUa vtrmoria, tc., -vol. ii, pp. 113-115). Kuoallai, a Florentine pilgrim of 14S0, ufi 
that tba hem oF the legend was a ' villaDo o vero nrni pastnre ehe guardava be«tie' 
(H (liMUo deir owno laiilo, Arekhio St. Fal., 1881, vol. iv, Uac. \w. p. 671). But 
Higden'a ucconnt diffen (o much from all the other* that it is intereetiug enough to i]Ut>(e 
in full. At ToL i, p. 228, the Latin teil bepuB : ' Est et aliud ugnum ', and the tnuii- 
lation in the Harl«ian MS. 2361 is ai follows : ' Alio th«K was an other signe a fore the 
palico of tlie pope, whiche Is a hone made of brasM, aitd the sitter on hit a* spekenge to . 
the pople by the signs of the rijhte honde, and govemenge tlie hotse us with the Ijfte 
honde, havenge s hrjdilu oallede a cukkuwe made betwane the eerea of the horae, and 
Nanus Ijke lo dye under Ids feete, whom pilgremes oal ie Theodoricus, the commune pepla 
Conitaatync^ but olerkes of the eowrte calls hit Marcus or Quintoa Curtlus. That signs 
■tode aorame tyme on iiii pyllers of braase a fore the awler of lupiter in the Capitoly or 
liiiefe place of Rome, But Se;nte Gregory put downe the hone man and that hone, 
and putts the pillars in the chircha Lateranense. The Romanes toke tlie horse man and 
the hnne and letts bit before the palyce of the pope. Men callenge hyt Marcus asiigna 
this cause. A man ealleds Nanus, rrudite in the arte of iiigromancy. which aubduenga 
to hym raony kyngen and reahne* weDle to the Romanes, takenge a weye from theyme the 
Tsrtu of smytcngc and kyHenge {tirlutem /eritndi) segede tlieynie longe achutte with in 
Che cite, liii Nanus weote from his telowaohippe erly in the momenge afore the ryaenge 
of the aonne, and put his arte in exercise ; whiche thynge peroeyvede, the Romanes made 
promise to Marcua, a nobis kayjhte, that he schulile have predomioy of the cite and a 
perpetualle memory If he powthe delyuer that die. Marcos pareschengs the walle of the 
die on that parte where Nanus usede the arte of nigromancj goenge furthe on the nyjhte 
taryede fur Nanus imtylie the morowe, whom a brydds callsde a cuckowa schcwede by 
here voyce ; whiche tahenge him bnin)hte hjm in to the dte, whiche fallengs down 
•monge the feete uf the horses suppossde to have delyverede hym by his arte ; wherrore 
Marcus had that memoriallc Men that calle hit Qnintua aaaigne this reason, seyenga 
that there was a pUce open in the mjddea of the cite perenbeoge mony men as with 
a brcthe of aulphuro, an answere jifTen to the pepla that hit wolde not be sehutts un tylls 
a man filte in to hit voluntarily. Then Qnintus anuenge hym Telle in to hit to delyuer 
the dte ; that doen, n cukka did flys owts from that pytts, and tha erthe was clossd 
anooD' (R. Bigden, Polyckroulnm, vol. i, p. 318). 



34 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



Thonii WBs J^? an othir wal inward ]>&i liad as many arcliea Iw ]v ground 
as )m PirKt part had bnt ^ arcbes we? lesae as reson aekith for }>e sercle 
was BDialle? nod j^ia wal had but to cora of arcbee for pe cnryng of pa 
noutea we? bo tliBposed fiat )>e roof was hy with oute and descended lowe? I 
with inne. Than was |;e? ]>e ]:iird wal wbecb bad and hath as many be ^ 
gronnd as hath {k o)^ir but it bath Don a liouen. So liatb pe uttir wnl ' 
iii arches in heith the secunde it arches in beith tbe iii but on. Thann 
was |>erc in \>e myddis a grete uoide court and a Bolempoe werk yeria J 
whech is now diatroyed for jnsre stant but an eld chapeli. As of ^e name' I 
of fia place (lus write cure boltia. Catbolicon ' seith (lat eolliseufl is sweoh I 
a Jiing Jiat ia rered for ]>o mynd of a de6'. He allegith for him juuenal-l 
)>e poete )7at seith pas, £t de niarmorco citbarnm auspende colloso. Wheob 1 
is to sey. And ul of marbtl hang up an harp to Jw collise. Wherby be 1 
ment ^t what J^ing he mad to J<e memorie of a ded man it may be called' 1 
a coUibe, Therfo? seide papie' pat colliae is a grete ymage of niarbill and 
a hy. Catbolicon seitb dIeoo be? )>at in Ipis same place stood yoo ymages J 
with bellis a boutc he? nekkis whccb * pa rebellioun of dyuers cuntrea a geyiiB I 
rome. But all o))ir auctores aey Jiat Jiis ordinauws was in Jie capitol aa w» 1 
declared be fo?. Wherfor we will iustly write now what yc elde auctorm f 
ficy in yia mate?.' The collisc ]>ei aey was a temple of grete heitii and brede 
iiwftinat and cousecratfl on to pe aunue and j^e mone in whech we? many j 
f. 307 r / wondirful werkis. For pe rof a boue was cured with plates of mettdl a 

gilt and depeynted )iat it was lich ^e eterrcd benene a boue in wbecb Iw^ 
sotiH craft )>ei fcyned (lundris and leuenes mynes and ojiir wederea eweob I 



' CaliolieoH Kt tbii date ateaat a dictiaiiu-y. 

* ' loui * in margin of MS. 

' There nre tliree "Titera of this niune. Tlio Brat ia H. Papiao, lii.bop of Bi^npolii, 
diaciple of S. Jobn Evaugrlist ; or, according to BnaubitiB, uf H. Juba af Ephoii 
wrote five books, entilled Tit Ej-plaitatioit of Ihe Diacourtei of our Lord ; onlj  
fragments remain. Papiaa No. 2 waa of Alaiaadria, uid lived in the fourtb etatvct 
Ha wrota on MatbeinatLca ia the time of Tbeudoeiiii the Great. Two of the eight b 
whicbhe wrote have been loit; the temainderwere pnbliihsd in I«tin aCPeuro. Fa[A 
No. 8 WM the aatbor of a book called the Elementarium doeirinae rufffiru ■(■*■. '. 
date is ancertain; but a maauKript ofbii book ia believed to have eiiiled id I17B, 
work, a gloaiaij, waa pubiiahed in Venice in 14j>6 (Morsri, Diclionnaire hUlarijue). 

' ' ichewid ' in margin of MS. 

 Fortbe l^eodof theColoaseum ooaialtOraf, Aonvi as/Ii mnnorin, A:c„ vol. I, pp> 1] 
and ia2. It wiU be noticed in the Xirahilia that, in Uie older editjoni, such H U 
dtteriplio pUnaHa, ths Grapkia, &c, the wording i« : ' Ante Coliaeam fult Temploa 
aolia ubi Gebant • - . ,' &e- 1 whereu in later edjtioiu the wordi are : ' Col" 
templnm anlis,' lux Thii would ihow that (be earlier autboritiei believed that t! 
Temple of the San waa a separate building in/roiU of the Colosieuin, but thnl bkter w 
took the Colomeum itself to be the Sun-temple, Compare Urlichs, Cod. Tvpog., p. 1U|3 
with p. 130. 



YE SOLACE OF PILOiaMES 

as como fro \>e firmament. Tbc? wci also apperyng )>ere J^e signeB super 
celestial expr«said ful we^l tii whecb tfioeB of pe jfir pe auttnc poBeilh be 
hem. As in jatiunri be pe eigne pel clepc aquari, in febniari be pe fiscbb, 
in marclt be )>e ram, in april be ]>o bul, in moy be pe too twynnes castor ft 
pollux, in iuuc be |>e ciabbe, in iale be pa ]eou», in auguet be pe uiigiu, in 
September be )k balamtce, iu October be pe scorpioun, in novembir be pe 
■cbeter, in december be pe gote. AH pete we? achewid fe? ful raeraeluusly 
in be? meuingis and many ojiir [lingie. In tbo myddis of |jis place stood pe 
grote god pbebus so is pe sunuo clcped and eke apollo is bis name. He wat 
80 mad }>Bt with bis feet he touched pe crde and with bis rith band pt 
heiiene for in liia left hand beld be a bal as |>ou} lie had al ph world in 
gou«ruaunce,' Whi he is cleped pbebus and whi apollo and whi j^at iuaenal 
■eid be fo? jiat pe liarp scbuld be bange be fo? him rather jjan be for othlr 
ftil |iis wold ask loDge dcclarocioun of poetrie whech is now fer fro nij 
myode & dene out of use. NeuyrJ^elasse as a gramarioun I wil euniwhat 
expowne j^is }»t sol is clepid phehua a plios whech is as mech to sey as lith 
for {lis cause |)at ho hath mo? lith pan alle pe planetls. He is eke cleped 
appollo aftir a famouse man (lat bad )>at same name whech was a eou«reyn 
lech and (ris name was attribut on to pe sunne fur be curetb pe sores of 
erde and causeth pe same erde to bring forth feHb ful rip frutes. The 
melodye of pe harp is offered on to liira as to ^ reule? and priucipall of ali 
planetia in wbecb planetes coars and turnyng as pbilisophrcs sei is ful grete 
melodye. Kow whi al J^is fayre werk was distroyed wil I telle jou. Seint 
Biluester aftir yat tyme he had baptized ye grete conBtantine was mad lord 
and emp<rou? of a)} )>i8 side of pe world for pe for said constantin went on 
to Constantinople and dwelt pef ))at be ne non of bis schuJd int^rupt pe 
gret« powe? and pe gret« possessioun whecb ho }ave to pe chordi. Thus 
staodyng pe chercb at hia liberie meob cristen puple come to rome in pil- 



 ' ADotbcr ligne ii an Tin^s of Colonai, whom they wy* to be the ymage of the •oniM 
or ellei of the cite of Rotne of whom hit ii to be merUBjlette how that so hevj a Ihyng* 
■nnhte be we erecte, irthe hit i> in longitude of o foote and iiui" ; vhiohe ymsga wu 
Kinime tjme to the yle of Bhodue, whicbe wu more hie in Ulituite by lu (bote th>n eny 
pU» of the cil«. Thkt ymige bade in the ryjhte hoode of hit ft rooiule thpige kIW Um 
rimilitiicle of ^ worble, and > *werda in the iii^e of bktelle In the lift* honde, in tokos 
that hit i( Un vertu lo gete th*n to kape thyngei y-geteo. Thkt ymage wh made of 
biaiae, but hit wa* ouer gilts with golde imperialle, achynenge oonljDually in dsrkeDetM^ 
movengfl egklly witb the eon in bii oircumference, bwie the bee of hit cDDtrarioae ^la- 
wejnto tfaebodyof the ■onua ; whom »lle Homaoea wonchippeda ia a ngna of labieocion, 
wboiD eeynte Gregory ileetrayede with fyre ; of wbiijie ymage the heda uid rj^hte honde 
rvmsyuede, whichc be Ktte nowe afore Ilis piUioe oft the pope on ii pyller* of mMbale ' 
(Ranulf Higden, Pnlfehronicon). Thia puaage follow* immediately on the quotatioti 
already made incbBptet lili, deecribintf the legend uf the 'ban of brau' (vol. i,pp. 233-S)> 
Be* abo Nichola, MarrtU r>/ Bom; pp. «i-i, note* 112 nnd llf. 



36 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 



grimage and wliann |)oi scyn J)ia guy liildyng and jiis meuyng of \>ese 
planetis aa I baue ileclared [lei left mecb of he? deuocioim and stood and 
gaaed on Ipeee uatiities rith for noueltc of ]'e site, Tho mad feint ailuesttr' 
yia maunnientrie to be broke and spent in to betir use. Al jiis baue I red, 
fat whech folowith in |ji8 mate? baue I herd. Men sey \>&t silnestifr cam 
Jiidir on proceBsioun whech tynic Jiia werk scbuld be distroyed and )iis greto 
f.367 T ymage Jiat stood al a boue / te power whech fie denele had perin spak to 
ailueBter and seide pxxs. Colia eum fiat is to sey id engliBoh worcbipis fwa 
hira. The deuele epak yoo wordes at J'at tynic to sfere fe puple whech was 
redy to diatroye f>at iiiaume7itrie Jjat for very fe? of ()oo wordia J-ei 
Bchald lette bir werk. And fianiD seyut siluester with a gretc holdnesse 
turned pe xpoaicioun on to auothir and aeyd to )Je inaundment. Colls 
dtum pat is to Bey ]x)u worchipist god. So cried \>ei oft eithis as it ia told 
|>e on colis eum fe ofiir colia deum and of Jiis dialoge in retnmyng of 
a terme roo.i fe name of pie place as sum sey fat it was called colliee. 
■Whefir fis be treuth or nout I make no mejntenauiioe. But fjis haue 

I red in ph mate? fat ailuest^r ded distroye it and in tokne fat fe? was 
Bwecb a fing sumtyme fe grete heed and fe left hand iji whech he held fo 
ball be sette at latfratic and jet staut it fe?.' 

' AFter deBcribing the statue of Marcus Aurcliua m slaDdiag befare the Lateran, 
Muffel desciibea this huad and Land of the Colouiis aa bem^ in the inme place. The 
former, heuiya, woi popularLj kniiicn u'leptinio Kcphero '; o! the latter he reaiu-k> : ' imd 
nit tern Javon do stet ein grosi era' (ohern) 'hauht von einem aplgot, ilaa ut grosierdan 
ein aaltz ichelb und dopey die bant deaaelbeii nptgoCi. hat ein niaiettst apfel in jr 
begTiO'en, gar werckljch gemacht ' (Muffel, p. 14). ' Item ia lulla piaza in aur un pezo d{ 
colonna ana teal* di giogante di bronio e uoo bnccio can una palln di bronzo' [RBcaUai, 

II GiiibiUo dtlV anno 1460, Arch. SI. Fat, 1881, vol. iv, faao. iv, p. 673). Solinui in 
1ii« deKription saja that St. Sylveater, after deatroying the flgare of Apollo, ' Caput Tero 
et manufl dicti idoli oum porno ad palaciam in laterano fecit pool ia memoriam; f^uo^ 
paltna i. caput Samaonis f^lio vooatur a Tulgo' I^De nirahUibut mnndi, Venice, 1191, 
p. G ii *). Ilie following pasuLge occiira after a deacriptiou of the ' Coliieum ' ; ' aco da 
poi el dco aco bonifatio papa el chapo e lamano devea idolo fece poaere per memoria alia 
eccleaia di sancto iboaniie Eaterano. k chuiai ene ichoi de ineltalo ft diahuno li (frani 
homeni che la e la tcitn h la Diiiiia di nuopaoiie ma non c vero come o dco & lavanzo 
de eoio idollo diipeTse qua ft la per ronu * (^Edljichaiion di moUi palazti, Venice, 1180, 
p. A iii V. Compare Urlioha, Cnd. Topog,, p. 138). In Plate No. I of De Itoui'a Pvtnle 
ieonogi'tjieht di Homa it will be noted that the head and hand of the Culoaana are ahown 
cluce to the Sanela SonclomM of the Laturan, and that the atatue ie alto there. In 
Bobisequent plat« the head and hand are no longer ahown ; but the statne appears a> 
latea* Plate VIII, when the following word* are written (in another hand to the engraver's) 
on the plate; "Haeo enea oqaoBtria statua M. Aurelii Antanini Sevari aut 8o(itiniii 
Severi, nune poaila capitfilio.' It i» alao noteworthy that Coliaeiii ia apelt so in Plate T, 
and that in Plate II the building la covered with a capola, which very likely refers to the 
legendary description of the heavenly sphere* given in our MS. The eoloBaal head of 
Domitian (.then belieted to be either that of Ccmmodai or of Nero) waa removed (rom 
the Lateran Palace, tojetber with the hand holding an orb (popularly known oa the 
palla SaintOJiit), by Slxlua IV in 1171, and taken acroie to the CapitoL They fonnd 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



37 



Of }>at place wbech \mi clepid pantheon, cnp xu. 
Pantheon was eke a notable place now it is called acS marin rotnnda nl 
icft maria ad martires. Aod of ^1 ^ei 



names schal be mod '. In )mt same 
consiilee had |^e gou«rDnance tber 
agrippit gjete of witleandof powe?. 



tynie pat kyiigis had ceeed at rome a 
was a man a mongi« hem cleped marc 
Tliia man was sent be pe auctorite of pe senate for to con[|uere \)c weet 
parties of ]>e world. And took with him iiii legiones and went down in to 
])e lowe? cuntrea conqwered on to he? erapi? ai! Jie Baeues and sanones and 
many oJ)ir. Whan yie conquest was ptrformed and be com horn receyued aa 
a uictouf not longe aftir on of yoo ymagea ^at stood with be? belles a bouto 
he? nekkis in J^e capitole ronge his belle aiid turned hie face a wey fro pat 
cooGt l^at he be held bo fe? and J^is same yniage was named and morkid on 
to jw kyugdiim of perac. This say \>e prest \>at waa ebdomadary for pat 
weke whech lay and wayted up on awecb chaunces as hia office was be roos 
up a non went up in to pe capitol on to ^e tordes and teld In sothnea pai 
pe puple of perse waa redy to debate and purposed to rebelle. Thei gadered 
be? counceH to make remedy a geyn ]ils rebellion and aH pel conscntyd j'at 
[jia marcus agrippa schuld goo ou to ]>is conquest for too causes. On was 
for he had ajwd bo weel in hia o}jir iomay, a uopir cause for hia puple waa 
redy on to bis band and he ns late exp«rte knew best pe condicionea of hem 
what l>ei coude doo or ell what J>i'i myth doo. This man refuaed f)ia charge 
allcggyng pe labou? pat he had late and pe litil rest aftir |)at. NeayrJielaBse 
at grete instauiis of pe senate he took a uieement of iiii dayea to jeue hem 
yanue a final answe?. Horn be gooth heuy and JTouthful gtodyiiig on jiia 
mater of pe grete diatauiice of pe neye of pe perel eke in pe see and mooat 
for pe powe? as was reported yat pei of/ perse bad purueyed a geyn rome, f. 
Thus aa be lay half a slepe |>ere appered on to him a fay? woman scbe coun- 
forted bim as he })out & bad him be myry for if be wold doo aftir hi? 
councell he scbuld haue as fay? a ioruay as euyr bad conqwerou? of rome. 
The man in pia uisioun as be )ioute spak on to p'ta lady be had mcrueyl be 
eeide what scbe was )>nt bitj him eo grete j^ingis of wbecb he stood sore in 
dout Scbe auEwerd on to him pat sclie wos modyr of Jie grete goddia 
celestial wyf on to saturnu* modir on to jubiter neptune and pluto my 
name scbe scith is cibeles whech in jou? sacrariea is rebersed wit) gret 
solempnite. bliseid modir seitb pie man will }e now make me aewir ]>at 
I scbal baue pe uictorie at piB iomay. | 3a treuly ache seith so }iou make bis 

a new heme unilot ibe portiTO of tlie Palace of the ContCTyatori ; and formed to hlnloriul 
group togethar wilh Iho celebrated braicn wolf of the Capit.^! (Micbaelii, ROuitche 
Miltlialinigeit, 1891, p. 14 and aotc). 

' ' nl ' 1 ucL >  iue*don ' in margin of MS. 



88 YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

bf best ))at )x>u bcIibU make me a temple of J^nt achap wliccli I Bctial detiyse on 
to pc There Bchc djnyaed hem nH fie Bcbnp of f'e temple both in heith and 
ill bredc and he he bite hi? aftir his ioruay sped he schuld fulfill al fiut Bcbe 
had comaunded. He roos up in \>e morownyng weel counfortid told nil Jiis 
counceU oil to ]?e eeuate and all \>at cuy r be had be bitj \iei promiased to 
fulfille. Hen myth ask he? whi ou? lord suffered j^eBe n ikked spiritiB [ms to 
appe? and })ub undlr eimulat religioun to make men Bpcnd bo grete good in 
pt dcuetca seruyse, Ab for )je BufTcrauna of god })at mater ib inpn-Gcrutabi] 
eaue pat Eeyut paule eoith jiat for pt grete defnutea whech we? in be? 
lyuyng J)ei we? worj^i for to be disaeyued. Thus aeitb he in Jje epiatiH ad 
romanos. To pe o}iir parly whi he Buffered awcch ricbesae to be apeut in pe 
dcuelea semyae suniiue men auBwef because it was wiwigfully gote it had (je 
loEse grace for to be weel apeut, Summe men aey bettir pef to pat god mad 
a puruynunce at [)»t tyme })at f>oo grete bouaea whech were rered Dp for 
errou? or for uanyte achuld aftirward aerue in betir uae to worcbip of god 
and seyntis aa dauid took pe crowne of on hetben kyng and wered it him 
eelue fiis rede we in J>e necund book of kyngia. Now to telle on? proceE«e I^ib 
marcus agrippa reatored bis boost and with grete strength went in to peraa 
many schippis had he for be led with bim u legionea. pere with grete 
labou? and many batayles he oujr cam hem and put hem undyr gretter 
tribute on to rome ^ann j^ei we? by fore. Thoa comth be horn uictou? and is 
receyued with grete worcbip. A non as be bath rested him a while he by 
gan }>iB temple with fnl grete coat for it ie a menieloos hous and a grete 
wbccli myth not baue ao gret« aintiris ' aa pe arcbes ar wyde and pertor be 
ded make a grete hill of erde and coucbid all jjeae uoutes Jjprupon and in pe 
erde waa )>rowyn mech mony )iat pe puple ailir cdificacioun of the hous 
Bcbuld be glad for to here onte pe erde.' Eke pe porche ia made with pileres 

> CenicHiig, 

' * GiacaiDO d> Voragine rarcont* nelU XiVf en(7a aurea (ed.de! Or)uae,cap clxu, p. 157) 
BDA ttoria uui fipprcprjftta al concetto che nel medio evo si ebtw delU ricehexM d«i 
Ronunf . QiuDdo s Romm n pretv  coitruire il PuitheoD, di roitiut rotonda per ligniGcan 
IVtemiU degli dei, si vide cho itante l'»iDpiezi> del giru non urebbe >Uta posilbila 
di klure, can gli kioU ordinnri, U Mntudine, ossis Is cupola. Altora « penio di ri- 
BDiplera lU terra, mewsoUU con denarl, tulto il vaDo dell' edjliiin mano mano che le mnn 
creeceTano lopra snolo. A qnesto modo si piiti compiere agevolmente I'open e eompiata 
cbe ni, si diede ticenu a chiunque Tolene trar fnnri di quella terra di appnpriain le 
moneta che vi avrebbe trovaio. Aocono grui moltitudine di ganto, e in poco d'ocm fb 
votato il tempio' (Graf, H(/na tietUi memoria, &c., vol. i, p. ISO). In Vaaui'a Life of 
Filippo BruuetleBclii a umilar proposnl HU made at the titus of the celebrated diaouiaion 
aa to how the dome of the cathcdrni at Florence waa to be built. He uya: 'E noa 
maiuib che diense che sarebbe atato bene emjiierla di terra e mescolare qiiattrlni fra e«>ai 
aocioeht, valta, deesioo liceua che chi volevu di quel terreno potwie andar per buo, e ooA 
in nn labito il popolo Id portatee via lenia ipesa' (Giorgio Vaaari, Le vile dt' fUi 
tetdUnti pUtoH, tvuUori a artUltlli). 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



39 



of marbil bo hya and bo gretc }>Eit it u mer/ueil for to se and for to ]>m\t t. 369 c 
who }>ei myth be caried or lift up. Aftir fe lious was mad he sette np 
a ymage of cibelea in fie heitfa of f>e roof whech ymage was made of bras ful 
weel gilt a boue ninl ouyr hJr bed was jsat coproun ' )>at Btant by fo? seynt 
petrea cherch who it cam yere or in whos tyme schal bo declared aftinvard in 
Jw aecund book, Suffioid now of ))i8 place f>Qa mad in pe honour of cibeles 
modir of J* goddis and neptuue god of \>e see in Bprer'al and all ol^ir goddiH 
in g«n<r»l. Summe men sey (lat })ie Jiing waa doo in domlcianes tyme and 
pe elde eronycles sey it was doo in the conaulea tyme. \Vhech begunne to 
goufrne rome at )ie laet kyng and cesed whan pe first emperou? cam wliech 
waH juliw» ceaar eke be twis tuliug and domician were in emperonres. Hk? 
be to opiniones let men chose what Jiei wilh* 



Of ))at fai? place cleped ara celi. cap xni. 

Am Celi is now a ful aolempne phkce standyiig on a liiH fast by 'pe capitoll 
it is not ou? occupacionn for to telle what it ia for ))Bt longith to ^e secandc 
book but for to tfeUe what it waa. The? was a emperou? at rome clepid 
octauian next regnyng aftir Julius cei^nr for he was coayn on to iuliuf. This 
empffrou? with grete labou? and prudens mad Bubiecte on to rumc all pt 
nacionea of \>e worhl pvs sey pe romancB. We sey Jjftt crist ded fiis for whan 
be schuld come & tuke mankynde and ioyne it on to his godlied he wold 
hane a g'n«ral pea poTw oute pe world whech feH in ]nB mannea tyme ]>e xlii 
)e? of hia legne. The scnatoares and pe pnple of rome |)at knew not crist 
ne receyued him nowt eeya all )>iB pes hod in pis mannes tyme tendred eke 
jjc grete iornsyea pat he had mad considered alsoo f,e beute of his p*rsoue 
pel cleped him on to he? capitol and had on to him swech wordis. | Lord 
hiest of myth fayreat of beute moost fortunat to pees and traucquiiltte we »e 
weel and pwseyue ))at pia p'mg myth neuyt be doo be a worldly man. | 
Wherfor we undirataiid weel pat |>er< is a grete part of deite regnyng with 
inne pe and for )>at cause we alle with on iiaseiit a? J>u8 acordid to worohip 
j)i persone aa a god to aette up |:il statue and a lawe J«rupon Jwit who bo ouyr 
come forby and do it no worcliip he sclial he ded. Itefuec not |?at we profir 
for of uery loue and pu? deuocioun wo offir to )ou all t^is s«ruyB0. The 
emperon? heryng ptna wordcs stood al a Btoyncd knowing him a man corrupt- 
ible and dedly prikkid J>ua with ueyn glorie on (le o side and with fe? of deth 
on pe ofrir eido jaoe hem pi% anawero. 3e flchal he eeith graunt me leyser 

' t cnimnn — copper. 

* TtiT the early legend* ragkrJing the Pantheon see the MiraS,iXia conuDendng; ; 
'Temporiboe ooiuiilani et unaLDrutD Agrippa . . . ijuod Cwur el coaocuil' (ITrliclu, 
Cod. Topog., pp. S9-101 ; Micholi, ManeU of Home, fip. tO-SO : Graf, Auna ndla 
' I, Jka, »oL I, pp. lSO-2), 



L 



40 



YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 



Kiid auysement of ph mate? aad aflir tjme I haue a. niai'd me je Echnl haae 
Bwecb aiiBwere with wLech je schal be plescil. Aftir lie was go fro Lem he 
sent for a woman \>ei cleped hir sibillam tihurtimnK eytLir was ache cleped 
r io for sche diviflt id ^at cite or ellis fur / eche was bor in ^at cite. Whann 
echo was come be reherseil on to ht? all )>at ]^ eeuate Lad purposed on to 
him and ache took of him iii dayea of aaiaement in whech Bche fastid ful 
Btreytly praying ]>e grete god of heueue to jeue hir grace fat sche achuld 
be? pe emperou? an anBwe? whech Bchuld bo pleBauiis to god and ivorchip to 
his personc. Here may men se [lat be fo? ciietis birth were ful goode aud 
holy creatures nowt only in pe iewis lawe whech was joue be moysea but eke 
a mongt'c pe hethen men as romsues we? dwelt earn folk whech be uery 
iiispinicioun of god had ^ia undiratandyiig J)at pel knew weel pert was no 
god but on make? of lieuetie and erdc, [ici knewe eke pat )>oo mawmentis 
Bperd in templis had no part of deile as Jjc puple supposed but al was errou? 
aud myebeleue. Whan ):>iH woman in fastyng and praye? had continued 
f>cBe iii daj'es schc mette with pe emppi^u? rith in pe same place called now 
ara cell J>iinn was it clepid octaniimi'* chambir and jsere had ache memelous 
wordis on to p« cmperou? for ache as ))is alory seith bront bim )}idir xxuii uers 
jie first begynnytb, Judicii Bigunnitellua BodoremadeEcit in whech xsuii uera 
in capitalea of hem was ountejucd Jna aenteno. leaoH cristoa tenuyios aotlier,' 
in latyn (iub, Icbub Xpc dej filiue aaluator, in engllah ]>ua. lesua crist pe bop 



of god ou? sauyou?. Of peee uera aud )iis sihille spekith aelnt austyn in 
pe Jiuiii book lie ciut'tate dei but aumwhat (diul) seth be fro ]>ia cronicle whech 
callctb hi? tibnrtinam for austin clepith hi? erutheam. Aftir yeao uerse red 
and expowned as ]>ei lokcd up )>et eey pe heuene opyn and a grete clemeBBe 
brith as fie aunne eko an ante? J»i seyn and on pe aute? a fai? mayde 
Btandyng and in hir arme a child. Sumroa bokis sey fiat |>ia raayde with hir 
child appered in a aunue and auntme sey ])at |Je? appered fiat day J^t criat 
woa bore iii SDnnea and alle iii in Bchort tyme turned in to on, be whech 
])ing as ])ei aay was undirstande f>at in pe godbed a? iii p«rsoDes and on of 
|>e8e iii took ou? kyude of }iia majde. Othir men sey fat Jiis Jiing signified 
who iii kyndes godhed aoule and flesch schuld he ioyned in o p^rBone. 
Whan l^e emp«Tvu? hod be hold fiis a gre while he herd a uoys fro heuene 
Bonndyng |)eee wordis. Tfaia is pe autcr of god to fJis loke poa do worchep.* 

* 'TampoTc Oalaviuii Impentorii Nutorea Tideatee earn tantse pulchritu<Iiiii«, quod 
nemo in oculli eins iutueri pouet, ct tantae proBperiUUa et paci*, quod totniii munduin 
uU tributarium facerat, ei diount : "Te Bdonri vglamuB qnia diriiiitaa eat in tej ai hoc 
nos taaet, nou tibi omnia aubirent pmcp^ra." Quod renitcn* indutiu puatulavil ad w 
dUllun tibartioam TociTit, cui quod aenatorea dixeraut recitavit. Quae ipatiuDi 
dieratn petiit in quibui ■rtom ieluniam operoU e>t, po«t turlium diem r«*poiidi(, iinpera- 




A uon ]>e cmp^i-ou? aud sibill f«H down to grounil and ded reufreM and 
deute to \>at lord ))ut wold acliew bim awecb maner miBUrieB. All pie wu 
don on )>e asnie day (lat ciiet was bora |)at not only bedletn scbuld haue 
knowing of critt, ne not only scbipltardt'g in iude, lie not only J>e kyngis of 
J>e eet, but men of rome wbecli wef fer fi'o f>e trewe feitb. Thoo went ]>e 
emperou? on to ]>o Esnute and t«ld betn of Jie gret iu«meilia wliecb be bud 
Beyu. pe? be refused all ^al ^i profered bim and seide be wold be semaant 
on to l^is cbild cuyr wbil he may lyue. Tbe senate confeotid to bH p&t n 
dou and go bom euery tnau / musyng ap on [lis site nbecb pe emperou? and f. 3 
eke sibill bad scyn. Sone nftir he ded make an ante? in ^e same place' 
and called it ara eeli, now it la a ful solewpne couente of Cre? uiyenoun* and 
be cauae we scbul not talk JMruf in ]>e secund book for it \a neylbir on 
of |)e uii chercbea ne uon of \>e palriarcal cbercbis wbt-cb be clepe stBcionea 
Jwrfor wil I write be? ueis wbecb I ted |)ere. Cunctantnt prima que fnjt 
orbe eita Nuscaa quod cesar tunc atmxlt octauianiu Hnnc aram celi nacra 
proles cum pat<it ei.* Tbus meue pui in euglisch wilb declaracioun and 
adUiciouTi of moo teriues for esii? undirstandyng, The first cbuicb of all 
cbercbes )ut we? mad iu (jib world is }>is. Knowe weel )%t }w emperou? 
octuuiau mad ]>h same. He cleped it ]>e nuter of beueoa wbecb tyme ]Mt po 
mayde with bir cbild appered on to bim. TIds Mme place as I fond writen 

tori, " Boo pro certo erit, domine impentor : Indicii dgnaiu telliw tudure nuuleMat. E oelo 

rex adveniet per hcU Tuturui, Soilioet in came preaeiii, ut iudicet orbem." E( cstrra 

quae •eeimtui. lUoo apeltoni eit citlum, at inuiimua iplendor irmit auper sum. VJdit 

Id oelo quacdam pnlwrrlmam TirginMO (Uutcin super altarv, pnrruoi teacntem ia 

bractuii; miratui eat nimia et Tocem dioeDtem audi Tit: "Hmecarafilii dci Mt"; quiiUtin 

In tarram proctdena Bdoravit, c|uaai viainueiD Maatoribut, et ipra mirali luut Dimii. 

Haao Tiuo fuit io camera Octaiiani Imperatorio, nbi Dane eat Helena luiabae Mariae in 

I OaiHtoUo. Idciroo dicta «*t ecdeda •anctu Mariae ara celi ' (Urlicha, Cud. Topog., 

I ff. S5-8\ See iIm paper on the legend of Ara Caeli, read before the Britiah and Aioeri- 

" 1 AKliHeoloj^cal Sodety in Rome by Dr. Cb. HQlaeu in FiibrD>ry, 1007. publiihad in 

' Frocttdifis' of the Societ; foi \W6-7 ; Ntchol), HamU of Bomt. pp. 36-8. 

' In tbe Middle Agea it wu believed thmt Auguiiiu liad adored Ifae infant Christ, and 
tbat TiberiiM, TiCui, and Veapaaian bad received baptiam. Eiueblua, 8. Jerome, and 
Orodua all believed that Philip wan a Chriitian. Tlila wai aU« bellered by Banmiua 
and I'Huat, but diipuUd by Pagi CHeGraf, vol. ii, n. 15. p. 16). It ia aUted that 
Alexander Severua wa* Dot only a Cbriattan, but that he alao endowed the Cburoh 
llWnlly (aee Godfrey of Vitetbo, SpieulMm rtgum, r. ID26-S1). Giuouia Halieni raya 
, Ibat duriag tbe reign of Philip, Ihi viett Chriitian Smprror, the oburch of 8. Patar in 
~ «oia waa deJiealad {Ckrvnieon, dial. iii. C. b). See also Urlioba, Cod. Topeg., 
fp. IDI-S, whicb gire* a long ac«auDt of PbiUp ; Giaf, Boma nella mtmaiia, ke., vol. U, 

p.7a. 

' Carioualy enough, tlic Gral liae of the inaoription (wbioh lUll eaiaU) b not found bera. 
The remuuder ii quite correct (sae Furcella, iiarufoni, Ac., vol. i, p. Ijl). The mlMliv 
line li ai follDW* : — 

Luminil banc almam matrii qui acandia ad aulam : 
and the inicripdun la cut in Gothic letten. 



4 



43 VE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

fere was consecrat be anaclete ]>e pope wbech was pe iiii fro petir. And up 
on U) |?i8 arc pe fsyrest greces or white inarbil ))at be in \>e world for ]>eTe 
be as I baue mynde ui sco? apd eyte.' 



Of t>at place put stant fast be pat jate called flaminea. cap xuii. 
Fast by pat jate whecli ]Jei clepe porta flaminea })i8 same octauion did 
make a grete tou? whech lie clepid )ic ein|MrnnreB casteli whej^ir it was pe 
grete round hill pat staiit pere and all pe bousyug is distroyed saue uoutis in 
pe grouHd or elllH it IB a grete t«u? of ston ^at stant nyber tbe foreseid jate it 
IB to me a doute.* But Jjis mech fynde I wrytyu J>at he maU J'ia werk to J'is 
entent l^at emp«roures Bcliuld be byricd |iei'e. Edilitd it was witb grete 
tables of raaibil and in |3oo tables graueii pe conquestiH of lome. Therfor 
liope I jet fiit ))iB eame ton? ^at Btant jet a grete part is |iat same. He 
Cftlled it pe caatelle anguttatl, ' augustus is as mech for to sey as an einperou? 

' The church of S. M&rium AnCeli iru fDimded alraut the fifUi century near the Temple 
of Juno on the Capitol. lt« old n>me w»S. Mu-ia in Capltolio, and it became kaown by 
it* present one kbout tbe foarteenth century. The couTent is meotlolied in the year 8S2 ; 
in 1250 ItmoceDt IV gave it tn the Fnnoiican Order ; previotia to thi> date it had t»en 
bald by Benediotines. It wai reconitrttcted by Paul III, who connected it with tita 
Palauo Veaexia by means or a covered tray (oaly recently deatrojed). along tbe Via Uella 
Pedacchin and the Via della Bipresa. The tower of Paul III and a grett pnrt of the 
convent have been deitroyed to make room for the monument to Viator Emanuel 
(AnueUini, p. S7S ; Marucchi, p. SS8i Nibby, p. 341). Our chronicler must have connted 
these itepfl. At preient tiiere are 124. Alteration! in the Piazza beiow them will 
account in all probability for the other four. The following note i* interoiting ; ' Und 
for denelben kirchen pey dem Capitoliuni da itet ein node! darauf ist ein guldcr knopf, 
do liegt OctavianuB In bsgraben .  . un des aind in dem Capitntio JQ die lursUirttea manr 
iwlfdtig pugen in daa nen gepey gemacht, itunt leckt ' (legt) ' man das gemein saltB bin 
und in den geachrilien iat mitBohr gar alten pacbstaben und die das saltznahet augag t e ac n 
hat : noeh ein grab dmreiu Guua Pubtius und aeia erbeii darein getegt worden. das do dy 
rathberm und daa volb achuffen van irere und tugend wegen* (Mnffel. p. 52). 

* There would ap|ieiiir to be aonie confusion in the author's mind here, and ha la not 
certain which is the ' tower' of Augudtui; the l«wer by the gate, or the Maaaolenm 
(now the Aoguateo). On referring to De Kosai'a PiaiUe icoaograjicie di Homa, it will be 
Men, in Plate IV, that tbe mansoleum and the tower by the gate are both marked : and, la 
■he large plate (in aeotiona) at the end of the book, the Utter ia called the ' torre dove atete 
gran tempo il apirito di Nerone '. 

' 'Ad portam Baininiam fecit Ootavianue cjuoddam oaitellum <|Uod vocatur Augoatiun, 
Qbi sepelirentur imperatorve, quod tabulatum fuit divenis lapidibaa. lutu* in girum en 
ooDcavuin per occulta* viaa. In inferiari t^iro sunt aepulturae imperatorum ; in uoaquaqne 
sepultura luntlitterae ila dieentea: haec mat oaatl cimi* Narvat imptraiorii, at viatoria 
quani fedt ; ante qaaa atabat atatua dei ani, aicat in aliis omnlbui aepnhiris. In tnedio 
sapuleronuu est absidis ubi aedebat Octavianaa ; ibique erant ancerdotea facieutea Koam 
querimoniaa. E>e omoibus r^nia totius orbis iasait venire unam cirothecam plenam dc 
terra qoam posuit auper templuni, ot eaaet in memoriam omalhus gentibus Romam vetiieD- 
tibua' (aee chapter iiir of thia part and Dole; V r\idii. Cod. Topog., pp. 106-7 ; Nichols, 
itartrU o/ BinKt, pp. 80-1). There ia a short deacription ol the Mauaoleuui Auguati in 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 43 

and JJIB name was first joue to octauiatie for \>\a skil for auffeo auges is 
u Dieoh to eey aa to make a ]3mk mo? Jjann it was, and because pie man 
mored pe empi? of rome with grete conqueBtiB yerfor Jwi joue him J>i8 munB 
nad mad eke on to his worchip on of ]>e monthis of ]>e je? to b«7 his name. 
ITiiB same octauiau had a epecjal loue as it semeth on to pis jate and 
\>\a strete ^at gooth {jeiby. The cause of pi& specialte is alegged in a book 
de uii-is illustribj |jat dominJcuj de arecio mad ca" nero, whe? he writith Jma 
wbaun octauiau had wedded hia new wyf he bront hi? hom by pis same 
strete and J>ijj same jate. And liappe* as gche cam be pa weye an egle to 
flye ouyr hir whech had caute a white henne to his pmy. The benne bad in 
bir mouth a braunch of laare? with ripe boyes y«ron, for cuene aa Bcho stood 
for to fede hi? j^e egle caute hir up and whanii) be had bo? hir but a lityl 
space be lette benne braunch and alt faH in )>tB ladies lappa.' / Mech lokyng f. 370 r 
was on J^is and busy rounyng' be twis pe lordie what f>iB mytb be tokne. The 
grele mayetiris of ewech sory fciens of magik and sor?ry we? councelled 
what p'lB schuld mcne but pel wolde ;eue non answe? Im-inne but comaunded 
pai pe braunche scbuld be sette and pe henne kept*. And fiat jere aa 
writith Jjis man were in Jmt plage of rome moost plenty of heniiys pai enyr 
men herd aey. Eke fro Jiol time forward in (rat partie a mongi* he? ninea 
^i planted many lanreria and jet he pt^e many growyng in cnery nine. Be 
fo? in ]ie chapil? of jatca we seid ))at {lie jate is cleped porta flaminea 
of a prouynce {lat hatj pe fame name and jiis jatc is pe weye to pt Bame 
prouynce. This was eeid paiiH undir auctorite of geruase and jet we sei JTfl 
same. But oute of Jiia may men aone eontryue a newe colou? why it is 
cleped flaminea. For flameum flamei * as seith catholicon iB a korchi oi' ellis 
a large wympil mad of ted eilk all l^inne with wbecb }ong women hid her 
face ]mt b«ra Achameful a baschid cbere schuld not gretly be aspied. Lucane 
in his secund book berith wituesse of |}is ezposicioun whe? he eeith. Lnlea 
demiEsia nelanint flamea uultna. The poete seith p* with red kerchies )wi 
hillid he? achamful facis. For lutens is take in grame? both for jelow and 
red. Than evnclude I Jnia of ph mate? in as mech aa }>ia lady rood with 
Bwech a kerchi be ^is eam« jate in whecb fell on to bi? swecb a notable 

HautU's iicooont of the cmbkuy of Johum Gottfrivd von AKlihauMU, Prinoe BUhop of 
Bunberg. irbo riiltwl Botne in 1S12-13. It ii partienUrlj intemting. baeauu he «■;■ 
tb*l be ■«« the (tatns of Augnitai ud that of Agrippina tb« mother of Nero is the 
building itwlf ^Lilttniriteier Ferttn, Stattgart, 18S1, p. IBS et leq.). 

 Tbe lile ol tbii event ia the Alt* Semita an tbe Qoirinal bill, lee BeUtllino Hi 
Ar«\roli>gia CrUliaita, 1870, p. 1 11, ' domnm poritun in hao nrbe regioni qumrls iaxta 
locum qui appellatar GdlinM aJbu ' (B. Qregorii Ef^olar, lib. Ill, U ep. 17, ed. 
Maurin, t. ii, p. «36 ; PriUer, !>>'* Urgietin dtr SladI Bom, 10-11). 

' wliiipering, Mcret onniiiilliitiiin. 

* flwnlncuiD, a bright-coloured bridjil veil. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

pronoBticBeionn )wfor of hii- ueil whech is clepid flnmeun 
flameB {wuj it we? eo |)at it had \>a same name be To?. 



1 cleped Jwi f* jnt* 



Of )» piaoe cleped septisolium. ca|i xuiii. 
Septisolium ' slsoo was h famous place it stunt fast be seynt gregoriea I 
moQa^terie a merneloue place of bildyng for in )>e west side it is mad { 
of grete aecliler stones and poo nr all to schake ae |iou) ]iei aohQld falle. The 
ojiir iii sides ar open with peleres of niarbil so disposed )>nt ]>ere he distincte 
uii eetiB be twix J>ese pileres and so aonwdith J^e name of J)e place,' for 
aeptcm is aeuese and solinni a Rete )>at is for to say eoueue sctis. A boue ptM 
Muene setis are ofiir seneiie & eke aboue |:k> seuene ar o)7ir ^euene )%t 
it is merueil who ]!o beuy piJercs of marbil myth be caried up bo hy. Of \)is 
place l>e thre opyiiyonea wherof pat it Berued, The romanes sey J?at pti 
dwelt l^e? )>e uii wise men whech ]>ei clepe \>e uii aayee. We rede }iat ]>ere I 
we? uii wise men in grece wboe Dames be redy in cronicles. pe first bitb | 
pitacus , ]>e secund eolon, fe fiird eylon, f>e fourt piriandug, pe fifl cloobnlua , 
]>9 Bexte bias , and }>e uii bienm. ' But jicse men leued not all at ones at o tyma 
and t^uj pel had be at o tyme I wene pa^ pel come neuyr at ronie. To |jis sey 
pe romanes ]>at )>is place was mad for o]>ir seuene but pe'i haue not he? namn J 
rydyly. Wherfo? I jeue no grete credens to pit tale for (lis cause namely for ^ I 
t 870 » / l^e grete clerkia of rome for pe most party had places of he? owne as senecft ] 

' Tlie iiune wu coimiited into Septiiodium, Septidonium, »nd later SeplemsoliaM, 
Bepteio Solia, Seplisolium, Septa Solii, 8*dei Solii, Septem Vise. For the lut •>• 
Hulien'a^naiii'mo FiiunMmte. Inthe aiitsentli century, Sehnlu Srpltm Bapimlium.ka. 
(Jordui, TopograpkU, to], ii, p. 611). In the Sfiraiilia it i> dencribed u the ' Umplmm 
§elu el laniu'.hattiie Magliabftehiana MS. nj»: 'Ad geplem golis ruitl«niplDmoiimiDm ' 
Mptwn wiraliamm, et ponto qood aliqui velint dicere templom «olii fuine, Tel damaa 
BsTcri Afri ; led derivatio lua eit OBptem Mrttum adlicet •eptein umniam •cfentlamn 
domai' (Urlictu, Cod. Topog.p. 167). See tito Gnf. Boma nelta mtmoriu,&<!., Appendix { 
to vol. i, p. MB et Kq. 

* ' Do lit such du Btudinm, d>rynn die liben kiini>l gefnndon aind, und und iribengadaD* 
(Stoekverk) 'von »tilen nod >u>t gmnrt und anfeinaDder genetzt gnr kosUich and iit, 
dn tempel geweit der giittin Vesta (*; die eia gottin dm fean geweat iat fiber all oSon* 
(Haffel.p. 58). (■) Vogt notes here;' Muffel acheint hier die eog. Scliola untha unddaB 
Veitatempel filr ein und daiulbe Geb&ade lu halten, waa uiuichtig iat. Beide itandia 
aioht einmal neben einadder.' 

 RKnalf Higden ^lea tbeir tuuiiet u follows ; he names Thalea of Miletus ai th* 
fitat in vol. iii, pp. 62-3, and on pp. 64-6 he adds : ' Ceteri aei saplenlea tempera 
tnuiamignitionii ludu«e flnriierunt, qui lamen nalla poit ae acripta rGliqaerunt. Bed i 
qnadani mnrnm boneatate homines doouernnt. Horain nomina aunt : Fittaeaa lliij~ J 
lenacus, Snlon AcheitieDna. Chilon Laoedemoniua, Periandmi CorintUos, ClaoboliM J 
Ljdiua, ffiaa Prienaeua. Foleriiu, libro qiuirlo, cpKi'lo prima, De m«n«o oHrfo.' 1 
the Trevua and Harleian MSS. Biiu ia cilled Biu Vieneut or Pieniit. Our author tu 
oopied the nameebat haa iimittedThale8(of whom a separate and longer aoouunt ia previonalj j 
given by Higdsn); and,to makeup seven wiae men.he niakea twooF Biai, viz. Bias and Kenm^ I 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES IS 

tullitu catoQ boys ' and eke Baluatius, 1 An otbir opinion red I in dominicna 
book de arecio ]rat it was clepid apptisolium fur whann octauian cau horn fro 
all his coaque^tis and was in pees witli al pe world ]ie roiiiBDes ordeyned pef 
p&ihtvfan receyued with uii sundry worchippispfraiieutu?of eu«^y sciensof 
pt uii liberal was mad sum eprcial pagent in coinendncioun of J^e man. { I red 
eke a nojn'r tale at eeynt gregoriee monaateii l>e pe scbewyng of an cnglisch 
monk. It was and is writyn Jiere (>at eeynt gi'egory occupied pis place with 
gi'ete maitteris of aH eeuene aciena at hie cost ]mt what man wold com lenie 
ony of pe aeuene he echuld frelj leroe in ])at place. 



Of pAt place whech is clepid arctius i>rtci tar^uini. cap. xix. 
Archua prici larquinii is an othir ploco and in uery auyrte I wot not 
Tfhere it etandith." Tlie descripcioun of ]^e place schal I write as I fynde 
leuynge J^e soile for to 1>e soute of hem fiat wil walk and take heed mo? 
bisily ]>Bn I ded. Martyii ' seith in his cronicle [iBt it stood be twii }>e 
mount auentyn and j^e grete paleys and it had as he seith too jates on in to 
pe est an o)>ir in to pe west meruelously disposed as we aclial trete aftirward. 
Martyn clepith jjis place circus prici & pe cronicle cicpith it archoa prici. 
ArchoB ie a arche rcred for a nictou? circus is a place mad for rennjiig 
ofhors. This place was of ful grete beuie and ao meruelonsly mad t?at }wuj ]3er« 
rtood neu»r so many men prria achuld neui'r man lelte ojiir to see f>oo games 
whech we? exn^ised pef. At a bone we? arches mad with gold and precious 
stones and a boots }>oo arches was sitting mad for women for to se |je grete 
dedis J)at we? exercised J'ere in the kalend g of may . In J>e myddis of [wm 
arches were too hy colanipnes pe lesse bad Izxxaii feet on heith, and pe 
grette? had ccizii. Al a bone ph hy pile? atood a hors of mctaH gilt ful 
wed. And a no^ir hora on )ie o jate whech we? made with swech 

' IBnelhilV. 

* TheaothorapjielinneTn' U) have iMn Ihii monamsnt, 
De Roui'i Piaal* {ivnograjtckl, and would ■cetn to have 
S. Subina Mid S. Alexia. 

 The UarVJn here referred to if probably Mjuiinna Polonui, who waa  natiia of 
roland, althoDgh aome aatboriCie* aa; thnt he waa a Scotamaa and otben a FnaofamMi. 
He waa at the Order of 8. Dominic, and waa penitentiary to John XXI and Nicbolaa III. 
Th« lalter nominated him Archbiahop o( Gneaen in Poland; but, befure he could taka 
potaeMioB of hi* charge, be died at Bolo^a. on June 27. ISiS. Ha wrote a chroniola 
which WM afVcrwardi oontinued on to 13*20, which lad to the belief that he lived up 
to that date. Bot ibia maat have be«i the work of a later writer, for Martin himaelf laja, 
in the prebcs lo hli work : * Elgo P. Marlinui domini p«pae poenitentiaria* & capellaniiB, 
«i divenii ehronioit i gottit ■ummomm poatificDm ft imperatomin, prataena opuiculnm 
uaqua ad labaanem XXI papam deduii iacUiiive.' John XXI died in 1S77 (Mtceri, 
Dulimiwirt hittoriqve, Parli, 1732). 



46 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



coantenaunce (iftt it teraed uerily on of hem Bchuld renne a geyn ):e 
o)iir. Eke si a bone \vee werkis was a Bcte for j^e eiiip«rou? whann he 
wold MO )>eBe pleyia.' Bat aH f)ia is down and as I aeide be fo? I am 
in doiite w]ie]>ir it wbs fiis place or nowt for pert be o}>ir biggingi's whech to 
my dom ' we? mo? likly ^ad yia j^at awech werkis schuld be Jvere. 



Of pe place bi fo? seint petiV kirk cleped cantarw* xx 
There ia a uoide place by fo? seynt petir cherch closed in al with 
housyng and in \>e myddis ^erof slant a fay? disposed werk eumwhat 
lich a eundite. This werk jjei sey mat! symon magua whech wai grete enmy 
to petir and poule and gretly meytiteyned be neio thei clepe pia a&me werk 
canianis ' and cantams as sey auctorca is a Deasel in whech men be? 

' Horo the author is quoting vBrb»tini from the ' deteriptio pUnana ' of the MirMlia, 
which be call* the chronicle in thii oanaexion (Urlicht, CW. Topog., pp, IlO-l: 'Cinna 
Piuoi . . . viubuit lucloin '). NicholH thiaka the writer i> refsTring to the Cireaa Mailmua 
(Nicholi, Jlfarreft of Rome, pp. 103-6, □. 211). 
* ' dam ', NoTw. dialect ~ deeming, judgement 

' Muffel mentioni the Cantharus ma having been brought by eril opiriti Irom Troy to 
CanitantinoplB, luid from Conitaatinople to Rome. It WM then placed aboTe tfas 
Pantheon, and afterwards remored to tbe Atrinm o( S. Peter's. He dencribei it aa : ' auf 
die tI merbiein nul geaetit worden und iat aunat mancherley uir darumb goietlt von erea 
pfaben ' (pfauen) ' nnd tjaran dareiu gOMsn gar koetlicben ' (Muffal, p. 19). ' Alio wen 
man hin ofT koinpt ao hsist n im paradeii, <la iit in der mitt ein knopff Ton nieuig 
grow (1) der itundt nff d'kirche Maria rotunda die «eil tie naa ein tenpel der aptgoter 
da man aie weihet flirt dor teuflet den knopff enweg und warff in in dye Tibur e^ Horn 
und man hat in durch wunder her geieliet lu eineni zeyuhen' (£i'ii BiiciUii, tc., 
Straaeburg, 1500. p. c ii). [Two copies of £111 BBchlin have been consulled. One ii in 
the Bodleian Library, the other in the Britiiih Museum. These are apparently of twa 
different editions. The Moseum copy hai the fuUooing words written on the fly-leaf: 
' Auctor huius tractatuf est Onophriui Paovioias, VeronS, Italiua Ereoiita Auguatinianus, 
auppoaito nomine Stephanui Blanek, PassaTianui, edidit hie libruin ao 15G0' (tin) 
'oocadone lubilaei «nb Aleundro VI papatus ipsiur anco 9.' When quoting from 
the British Musenm copy the letters B.M. wUl be added to the title of the book in tlia 
footnotes.} As to the manner in which tbe Canthante came to S. Peter's, see Si«tio»l ef 
Rome, E, E. Text Society, 1867 ; rw«n MS., ab. 1370 ; and Porkinettn MS., No. 10, 
ab. 1460-70, p. 3D. 

Uppon hia heued . a couert of bras. 

To seytite petrea . blowen hit was, 

Witt a wynt of he1le . ai I. trouwe 

For no mon mihte hit . )>i<ler haue [irowe. 

pw hit ttont . L t«lle )pe. 

3if foa go t>ider . foa may hit ee. 
See also Graf, Eoma nrlla meamria. Ice, vol. i, p. 1S3, and n. B7- There is a deioription 
rf the Canthama in the Mirabitia, !□ which the place is called the Paradise of S. Pater 
(Urlieha, Cnf. Top(>;., pp. iOB-6 and 118-19). See also Dr. Hiilaen's full and intovating 
article on the Canthanis of old S. Peter's, and the andent Pigna fountain (HUbetl, 
Btmitdu MiUheilungtB, 1604, p. 87 sq.)' 



VE SOLACE OF PILGRI¥E8 

wyn with / merth and upbap jjia faU man wliecli was gietly extrciaed in f, 371 r 
vriMhcraft and ful faniilia? witli apiritis mtid Bwech jfrete aeasekB for to 
meue aud stere. This neBsel was arayed with meruelous pileris of porphiii 
eton with tables of fay? narbil with copir platis auameled and gilt with 
flouiia birdis and delphuns of merueloua werk wbech bod dyuers spoutes 
rennyng witb watir. In \>e myddis of fia weik now atant Jw pyuot |^t was 
anmtyine a curyng on to t«it place clepid (Joo dayes pant b eon now sea maria 
rotunda. This pinot had sumtyme certeyn pipes of led iu wbecb watir was 
caried ful sottilly to die men )Mit bad nede Jwof. And a grete part off 
same watir was caried to }te einperxiuriB batth ' be sotiH ymagiuaciones but 
pn'ncipaly be nygroraaneie and wiacLcraft of f>iB foraeid man simon magna 
whecli was ;oue al to swecb \>inggie. But now be all ):>ese ):)ingis distroyed 
for yere is left no })ii)g of swecb aotiltees. 



Off (w sepulturis of Romulus and Remus, cap xii. 
The? ia eke a place be twix seyiit petir cberch and caateH aungeH whech 
pel clepe aniagia' wbech ia as mech to aay aa a place iu a feld for aruuB in 
\)e latyn tunge is a feld. Id ]7is same place stnut a grete bill mad of eton 
in wbecb romulus body litb. And )iis biU was wallid a boute snm tyme 
]icl) a warde of a caateH with grete marbill atonea but cristen men at com- 
Anndmcnt of ]>e pope iu clde tyme took a wey }k>o atouea & mad ^erof \to 
grecis and pe pauinient be for eeyut petir cberch. It bad eke a uojiir wall 

' Tbe ' mipcrouris bath ' is dvKtibed by AdIninIG, la Lis clupUr on the Aeqnedotto 
Sabliaiino. It is alio meDlioned by Fctnu Mkllius, in hi* Bccouat of the Vstioiui under 
Alexnader III, and vm in the pocition auigned tn it by uar obronicler. In conne ot 
time it! ume wu eoufuied with thM or the pilgriioa* bath. It wu dixe lo the 
C»lithmn» (Adinolfi, ml. i, p. 101). 

* Dr. Hulwn has very kindly fnmiahed the fntiowiag nate : ' The ward " krrBgia " miui 
be a ooimptioD i>r Almachia, and the author miiit have hmd  guide-botik aimilar to the 
Jnonynut MagllabtceAiaHut, who begjni his demription of the VkUud territory witb 
the wordi (UrIiohB, Coii. Tope^., p. 161 ; Jordaa, TopograpKir, \\, S26) : " in Almaobia, 
id nt ioila H. MarianiTranapnatiaUD, eit meta, quae ut dluitor fuit Mpulcrum RoiDuli". 
It wu euy to invent the etymology from "u cum ", bat I find no other mention of it. Th* 
uame AltuaoLU lt«elf it a corraption finiD Nitaiiuchik (tee my diaertation 71 Oafanttm 
t la SaumacAia.p. 24). The "grut hill made of atone" i* the MeU Ronialt itulf ; it 
wu beliered by Mime authan that Pope Donui (676-8) took away the marble decora- 
tions when "atrium eccl«daa S. Petri qui eit ante ecduiam in quadriporlioilm magnla 
Bvannoribui atravit ". Sea Dnchesne'a note to tbs life of Donua in the /,l^eT■ PontifivaUt. 
MuSel thinki that the ahape of the tomb* ^pyramidal; was made eo "In d«r meyniiDE daa 
kain hunt auf yr grab kuminen toll ". He also aXU the bridge of tH. An(,-clo the 
" donerpruck ", Myiiig : " die ander nodel atet pey der Tyber pTQcken die toner pruckon 
ganannt, die hId keyier fur daa wetter maehen liese, dem gewelsaagt wan, dm er Tom 
voter anoUagen lolt werden, nnd die hat sin loch oder ipelunk ; do giag ereln* tags, da 
«e aer heytter und sohon am hymel was untar das loch ; *ao atuiul an eraebluK in daa 
wetter" (Muffel, Hiofaaall's edition, in WSnUeke MUlheilangtH. 188«, p. 2<0, n.*).' 



u 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMKS 

with oaten \>h as a dobil warde aiiU fast by wbb a strete called tibni'linenm 
and eke a grete mnrki't place to ward ^at hill pef ^eynt petiV waa ci-ucified 
but aH is turned now ad seruyth in bettir use. In ]>eBC Btones of Ipeae 
wallee was mech granyng of certeyD hethen stories with pecokkis and o^ir 
birdis of metall ful weel gilt and a buH in ^e myddis ful weel made of ))« 
ume werk wbecti is but wast for to tpeke of as now for as I seide al is 
chftungcd and turned in to beltir use. Tbe gi'oue of leniiw was toucbid 
befo?. 



Of )ie paleis longing to tnviane i 



Eke ]>e paleys of (raiune and adijane ]>t empn-ouii« was ful C4Mtful werk 
of metaH ad of stones with dyufrs memorialea of elde storiea whecU we? 
longe to speke of. ] But o jjiiig in spi-nul was Jjere wbecb me Ijkitli gretly 
to declare. For in ^is place were tables of brnsiie in wlieuL was wrytyu ))e 
frmternite and pe freucbip wbecb wns mad be twix |>e jewia and \>t rom&nes 
in iudss inachabeus tyme. AdJ be cause )>e bible spekith of )7ia mate? 
j^rfor wil we haue recora on Tpat same book and translate on to )ow (>oo 
wordes }>at lie bath pnmo macliuij, uiii. Judas macbabeus be aeith herd 
apeke of pe grete name of pe mmanes who fiat ])ei we? strong of powe? and / 
T gentill in helping of all men (lat wold pray hem of frenachip. Eke be herd 
speke of ]>e grete bataylee wbecb pe> bad iu galys ' who ^ei had ouyr come 
hem and put hem undyr tribute and of hem of epayn who ]>a,i we? obedient 
ou to )ie romanes to seude hem both gold & ayluyr with D)>ir metallia whech 
a? founde in put loud, pei herd speke eke of osie aud lydie and many ojiir 
cuntrea wbos kyngia & dukls pe romanes had ouyr come with powe? aud 
good coun^ell iu so mech pei whom ^ei wold prefer? )>ei achul regne in 
pfxiaperite and whom pe wold oppresse J)e schuld neuyr rise. Fer})e? mo? 
^at ptre waa no kyug a mongii hem ne no man ueurped to we? no crowne in 
dcMntnacioun ouir pe puple but JMii had cccxx councellourin with whoa witte 
bH ^ese ioraayes we? doo, saue ):<st }>ei made sp«ctal commisaioun to o man 
for o ioruay or for o )e? to do certeyn ]]ingis at be? comnuiidment. | Judaa 
heryng alt pie worcbip of hem sent on to hem bis embasBiatoun'j with 
Bwech a message. Of Jjese erabaEaiatoures on of hem bith eupolemy pe ofiir 
hith eleazar.* These too men come to rurae in to )}e court a mongi's peaa 
counselloures and Bwech wordea pel seide on to hem. Judas macliabe and 

 Edge of MS. 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 49 

biB hre\>ria and elte aH fie puple of ))e iewis whech dwell a Imute ieilm aent 
ua hidir oo to )ou to make cumeoaunt of peea ferme and etable be twix yta 
and hem j^at pei schuld be accept in to jour felawchip & je schulrl entre 
hem Id jou? nieiiionales as jou? felawia and ;oq? freodea. These tydynggE> 
flat Jwse mew broutj we? weel accepted on to [le roinonee bo fe? forth )>at 
^i wrote ^ese some comeiiaunttj in too tables of bras and on of hem 
retnayned at rome in pe aame place of wlicch we speke of now, and ]% of>ir 
sent )>ei to ierlm as for a perpetual memorye. And ph is pn sentens of [lat 
epietill writyn in pe»e tables. Euyr he it weel on to pe romanes and to 
p6 puple of jewis both in |je se and in ))e lond pe enmy and pt swerd euyr 
be fer? fro hem. And if it bo fulle |)at pert come ony grete batuyle on to pe 
romanes or to ony o)>ir nacioncB whech are ioyned in felawchip on to hem 
pe puple of pe iewis schal help hem as tyme and space may seroe with 
trewe hert and hool ent«nt. And t'e same romanes ne non ^t tonge on to 
hem achul not jone on to pe iewis nejiir whete ne armou? ne ailnyr ne 
Echippis but }>ei schul lielp |^e romanes and Gte and be gouerned aftir pe 
romanes comaundmeitt. Also if pef come ony batayle or ony distresEe on 
to pe puplu of pe iewis p6 romanes schul ' hem as tyme and ejiace wil sufiyr 
and to f>oo helperes pe iewis schul neythir jeue whete ne armou? ne sylnyr 
ne bred db it pleseth pe roraaues and }>Gi schul kepe her conuandmentis 
with outen ony deceyt. The same romanes wrole eke on to pe puple of 
iewis pB.t if ye romanes or ellis }>e iewig list aftirward to eette mo? to pia 
writyng or lesse ony p'lag pai is |>erinne |)ei Bchul do [)is at good leyse? and 
good tyme uftir dis/poaicioun of both parties and all pa.t it writyn or achat f. 37a r 
be writyn schal be bald grate and rate.* 



Of pe conk in whech constantin was haptUed. xxiil. 
The conk in whech constantin was baptized stant at seynt jon lattfranensi* 
not in pe same place wbe? it stood in tyme of hia haptem but in a litil 
chapel) on pe tith hand as we come in gratid all with tymbir. This conic 
is bewyn owt of a blnk ston schapjn lich a hoi trow in whech appere jet p* 
s of his ' whech tyme )>ei feU &om his boily. Off [lis ueasel who it 
was arayed aum tyme spekith doiwr ulcus de areoiu in his book oftyn allegged 

_i' inmat^of US. 

 Ths begiiuiDg ind enJ of Udi chapler us Imken &um tbe Dtteriplio pUnaria 
(Drlicbi, Cod. Topog., pp. 108-9). For tbe middle put Me 1 MwnbMa, ch. T]il. An 
li of the churvli of S. BiisiUiu will be foand in AnuelliDi, p. ISI. Iti old naina 
, Bkdlio di Atuo Noe, and it is Tery uident. Nicholi (pp. 91-3) thinki that th« 
II of tbe Builiok Ul^ are leferred to u being Ihi? [«Uce of Trajui uid lUdriui. 
* Icpi ' in tnargia of US. 



50 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



in |jis mane?. Thnt sfttno uessel in wbech conBtantyn was baptised |»t on 
Uulgare name te clepiJ a cunke it was bewyii owt of a Iilak Bton polchid as 
brith OS geet. Wheoh alon coustantyn in worchip of Uia bnptem liillid with 
syluyr both with oute and with inne as fer? as pv watir went in tyme of 
his wuficUiug. In ]>e myddis of pe ueasel he ded aette a fay? pile? of poqibiri 
Bton up on wbech pile? he Bette a lautnpe of pure gold whech weyid lit 
pound and in |)ia lauriipe oH eeter tyme was norchid a tith pat brent with 
non ojnir licou? but with l)awme. A boue on Jje bn«ke of pit neesel ha 
Bette a lonibe itl of gold whci^h with sotil gemetry pored watir down in to 
pe ueBBeH and p\is eame lombe weyid a hundred giound and Ixx. In \it 
nth part of pe same ue^sel be eette an ymage of on? sanyou? ihii crist 
whech weyid a hundred pound & Beuenety all of clene siluyr. And on J'e 
lyft side of JJO some ueseel setto he a yinsgo of seynt jon baptist of pe same 
metatl nud of pe same with' hoMyng a scrawe in his baud in whech was 
wrytyn ecce ngnas dei eece qui tollit p^cca^a mundi. Eke a boute pe brynk 
be twix f'efe ymagea we? sette uii besles whech we clepe heiiis ich of hem 
with a apoute poryng watir in to |je ueBscH and ich of hem wbb jotyn of 
pu? gold pe nite of iiii bco? pound. AH l^ese iowelles and al {'is aray la 
now goo and a way as Jiia man wrytith eythir with fala conetyse of preBtia 
whecb haue mja spent it, or ellia with robbj-ng of tyrauntes whech bane 
couqwerd rome oft aythe and so pe ucBsetl at ))is day Etant naked and ha?. 



Of yat place cleped omnis terra, cap xxiiii. 
As we goo to aeynt psulea stant a hiJl on ye rith baud whecb pel clepo 
1 and ph :b pe cause whi it is clepid soo. In ))at tyme j^at 



romaiies bad lordcbip of aH pe world for pe moost party ]7ci mad a e 
stitnciouR in he? senate })at all ]Jot puple wbech was undir be? dor 
schuld brynge with be? tribute certeyn poltia ful of erde summe mo? snmme 
lesBe aftir pe quanflte of pe rcgioun and pe distauwce of pe place, pie usage 
lested many jeres and f'at is eene pei fcr pe biU is grct and brod and at 
^iB day ir a man delue in ^ot bitl he acbal fynde all pe erde ful of Bchordis 
f. 372 » of pottis,' / Up on ))is hiH is gret ordiiinnnce on fastinging Bonday for J»? 

» In M pKM commcnUry OD liie Speculum regum of Gaifrej ot Vilerho (FoTtx.Seripl., 
Tol. iiii, p. 76) wfl re»d u fallowa: 'Sdendnm ut quod imperator Antoninni Pioi entt 
ntiti* tt benlgnui, aTgLritlfLm non hsbeni ceo udaiu. Ideo kb omiii populo ronuiDa imperio 
■ubieoto tribntum ucipers nolait, aed temm de ocanibus regii[> niundi loco tribull 
apportftri itiuit lu ti^um obedieotie et montem Rome qai didliir omnlB terre iuxt> 
tepiUcrom Remi de odem term fecit."  E tribuli venivano & Eom> in vm! di ton* 
iDVetriftti chon direTD cholori, ot queito proWddono v romani per fue di cib perpetoa 
memoria perchi oome el ttibato en ginnto  Koma gittoTano et rompcvano H vaM in uno 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

be grete cartie witli bugles jwin for lo drawe Iiem and ^ oortiB ful of 
ewyn, | alle )iis ordinaunce is Bett« a boue pe hill tmd fwe come j^e romanea 
with anoDii? nnd awerdU in lie? best ars; for ke {'at mny caccli a muEsel of 
flesch {?at day he is a man for euyr. Thua sodeynly fte cartea go down and 
)m men be I'edy witi apeiiB for to go? Jie bestiH so what for ]>e grete 
'defence and sodeyn fro ^ hiH and hui-t of j^e bcatia and cry of ])e men )je 
ge? brekith and pe beetia are Iodh a ful onlikly game me ^oulj it was whe? 
{tat flesch is hewe with rnaty heren' and aunime men hurt aod sumine dede 
but pie is he? eldc game whech pel can not leue.* A nothir game is j^ere of 

laogfao di che xpare una ^ndiuimo montc apreeao n quella porta cbe t>  Santo Pagbolo 
dorg h it sejiolcro di Kemo, ohe ii dice la meta di Santo Pagholo ' (Libro Imprrialp, iii, 
o. 1, Cod. Caiaaal., d, i, 1, p. 63. Cf. Graf, vol. 1, p. 1E3). ' Item n«der wnit off dor 
■eluer bant ao der itat lijcht eyn kleyn bercholgan, Omnis temt geheyncheD, ertrijcb vu 
alle der wtrlt. Ai do din Romar alia die werlt vnder sich hadden ind eyn yeolicb lant yaa 
txynaind tribujt getten moyit, daeaij nu goltiind ulaengenoiob batten, begerden slj van 
eynar jedicbcr lantachaff dcr gantter werlt zo t^nie lo breogen ejnen pot tuU ertrijchi 
■an der aaluv lantachafft. Doe worffen sij die potts vol erden all off eynen bouff. Vm 
der iDeDnioliaeldiobejt waert ein bcrcb geheyuchen Omnii Una' (Ritt«i A. van Harff, 
Pilfffr/ahrt I'n den Jahren 140G-S, p. 31, Dr. E. ran Groote, Colo, ISflO). ' Die drill 
baabt kirob iit lu lant Paul* iwclffpoten UMerbotb der stat by ilem tbor do man au bin 
get EU Bant panla ist der perg dor von aller velt erdrich gemacht ut worden. | Do di 
nuner gbtei geoAg hetten ond nicbt goldes a<ler lilljen begertan do geboten ne lA geben 
ffir den ainu | de* erlHoba iin allsr wett in krGgsn do wUrffan aie di krAg off ein hauffen 
DU dor menlg wart ein perg | ' (EJn Itueklin, Ac., Stnusburg, ISOO, p. C v. See alio 
nrliohs. Cod. Tapog., p. 143). ' TeiUodo ohe h uno nionte pocbo mena cbel (ohe '1) lannt* 
di Sancto Miniato di Fireme fatto aolo di Ta«i rotti di terra oocta ne' quali i luditi d«t' 
KoinanJ quando ilgDoraggiavano il loondo recavano e tribnti a rero e oenii et voti cbe gli 
CTimD i Romani gli boevano porlare in lu detto monte' (Ruoellai, II OiMlto del- 
I'anno laulo liSO, Arciit. St. Pat., ISSl, vol. it, raec. it, p. G7S). 

' ' beran *, ob«. torm of iron, 

* ' La Hguente Datninioa (Qaiaquageaiina) ai raguuavano in Campidoglio i pib nobili 
oittadini tnttl adornati di ricche a preiiuai veeti. e di Ih tntli iniiame partivanii in pompa 
prendendo la nadi Teatacoio,ordiDati Del modo legiient^ O^ KioDS aveva it luo carro 
tlionfale colla *aa iniegna liralo da (luatUv bianchi cavallie •egailo da diecigiovani ^uo- 
eatori montati sopra cavalli riccamenti: bardati, e cadaano di eui. i quali erano de' |^I> 
ricchi e noliili cittadini, accompagnato tn dl Hu itaffieri. ricearoente vutiti con uiiifbmii 
livree. II Riooe di Traat«vere andava innanzi a KguiTano cod per ordjne tutti gli altri. 
AppreiBO i giuocatori renivanu i Capo-Rioni con dieai etaffieri per oia«cDno con predoae 
veilj e precedutl da tunbnrri e trombelle. Segaivangli i Maeitri Giuitiiieri, i Ititorma* 
tori dello «(udio, i due Gindici del Seualare, il Capitauo doll'appellailone. ed M patto 
della Qlnetiaia. Na leniraoo di poi i due Caaceliieri del popolo, i ConterTatori ed il 
Ssnatore, i qoali acoompagnavauo trecento loldati a piedi col loro capitano a cavaUo. 
Cbiudevano finalmeDta la pompa nna folia di gentiluomini lioniaai e t'ortntieri tntti a 
•aTallo rieBBmenle addobbati di ei^arlatto e ganEO di orj. Gioots queeta pompa trioofala ati 
Prmto di Teitaooio, laaciavanai dal mnnte tradioi calri tirati dai tort, la ciaaoiino de' qnali 
Icgaii qaattro ponii.e vi I'ianaliaTa un' aata dalla quale pendca unaennnadi drappa 
Apprna giun^vano i corri acl pijtno cbe quej diverai giuocatori di rione aguai- 
le apade tI carrevaao eiqini per rapire i poroi ed il dnip)ii>: *d urtandaai e coiubal- 
tnt loTo, cm quota una vera Inttaglia nella quale mtavau (eriti aon poohl ed alcuoa 
yolta Bnebe morti. A qnaeta battaglla anccadeva il gitioen della Cocoagna, «be oonaiitev* 
b di emi monlava a gara la plebt p«i rapire la 
U 2 




innaliali on^ di w 



YE SOLACE OF PILGEIMES 

more gentili sport for J>ei ridyn fro )je toot of ]ji9 hill to [le mount can ale 
sod wlio ride best schal haue a cloth of Gilk to hie reward ae we eejd be foi 
whan we spoke of f>e same hiH. 



Of ]k gou«niouri> in rome fro romulua on to tarqutuiu«. cap. xxn. 

Now wil we male recapitulacioun of all ^d goun^ouris of rome from 

romulus on to frederik and eperialy in t)iH chapet? of }je ui! kyngis j;at 

1 regoed )>er first. Romulus aa we se'nie be fore was first kyng and gou^niour 

of rome aftir tyme fat h was broute on to a monarchie for as we declared in 

cibuie eho vi erano appeee, ohe eran di quelle proc^ccmteai nclla oirca fstta per 1> cJtU. 
Compiiui di poi lit fenta con cone di csralli, ooirendcwi dal moiite Testncoio flno alia 
faldi dell' Aventiao, ed il premio dd vincilori erano trenta canno di panna roaatn. Non 
neiDpre qu«(o giuoco ri uaara di fare nel modo iBtHiin, ma d variara atcune volte, coma 
pure avTensTa dei giuoehi ohe si naaTi di Inn nella Pia;tu Navona, { quali aranu un 
eimile di queato, e cbe io per nun ttteie soverchiamento luDgo aTvigo non euere qui pre- 
gio di fame la deaariiioiia ' (Magni, DUcorio ivpro gli iprllacoti, It Jeele, ed il fuuo 
dtgli Ilaliani nel tecolo iff, Roma, 181S, pp. 2S iq.), See alw Gcegoroiini, vol. vi, 
part ii, pp. 709-10 and p. erO for AdAm de Uik. In Adam de VbIi'b (1377-lt2t A.o.) 
CJronimm, Sod ed., 190*, by Sir E. Maunde ThompMn, K.C.B.. pp. 91-6 and 28&-71, 
tb« (ollowiDg full acooDnt ii foand written in tbe year 1104 : ' Komani circa Dominicain 
in Quinquaf^ma, cum capitibua regionuu) ad aganem, tanquun fallerata pbalanT, csD- 
veninnt ; et inita id beati Paul! dictum ; " omnci quidem curruut," la:., pro brario fbrU- 
1«T cerUint. Tres magnoa anuloB argent«oe, ad DDam altam cordaoi lignhia,ponuDt, et in 
cquii, ul lancena in ea« mittant, currant, iuifa huiuimodi aauloa babituri. Id isto ludo 
urbii senator ' (cenator in MS,), ' duo conaervntares, et Mpbem rogentea eiuedem in magna 
apparatu, atipiti et aecuri pro cedioioeorum decapitielone precedenlibua, Intenunt. 
Eodem lado tabeme crapula, aed miaerie epula, cum indomita luxuria. at Belial et Bel- 
bgor Rlii, qoam beitiallter diacurrunt Romani. Deinile in ipsa Dominica, ludneoram 
(Jipenaia, ad quatuor currua, ixta aproB vi*oa continentet et icarleto rubia conteotca, nd 
auinmitatem montia omnia tcrre, ideo quia ex omni terra mundt in aignitm ooiTemlis 
dnminii illuc ailata oompoaitua, octo ponantar tauri indumiti, et, per deaceniaua) montia 
diauJutia curribui et bwtiia liberia, omnia cedunt Riimanoruin In predam ; et tunc quili- 
bet ao ai diaaoluto impetu ' (iufetu in MS.) ' dictaa beatiaa invadit aiio inrtrumento. 
Itaqne, ai quit aliqnid de huiuamodi preda uxor! non attulerit, quaai miser et vecori ad 
Sanntl Panchardi reatam cum ea non coibit. Et aepioa in hniuimodi diacaran cedee et 
Tulueia, et preaertim curtoaauia, propter oiares et Qliat> aibi eio»ia, inferunt. Poatea trea 
pannca, primunt anreuiu pro meliDribua, secundum arganteum pro aecuudia equia, et ter- 
rium aericum pro equabua velociua ciirrentibaa, in lanoee ponunlur aummitate ; et, li quia 
huiaamodi eijuecter priua eos tetigerit, eoa pro ae in braiinm reportaL Et demum a dido 
beatiarum inounu, atiqni cum modlois fruatia, aliqni cum inteiLinia et atercoribaa in gladio- 
rum mneronibna, pomparum cum vilitate tranaeunt ad uTorea.' ' Et in delto luogho »t 
fa la domemea innanii al cameaciate una certa festa di tori et pord con carro per memoria 
di certi giudei che Bolerano ogn' anno fan morire in tale dl ' (!). ' Et in iur uno prato a pib 
del detto monte di TetLocoia In tale dl bnoo oorrere tre pali due con cavagU ed tino eon 
cavalle et Tannoii e capononi con molte genti armate et a pib et a cavallo et la detta 
fuata pagano e giudei ch' abitano a Roma cbe casta acadi 600' (Rucellai, II BiuHleo 
dtlf anio lanio ItSO, Areih. S(. Pat., 1881, toI. it, fawi iv, pp. E78-0). See alao an 
interea ting article, entitled ' Tbe Carnival of Rome in the Middle Ages ', by Coont D. Gnoli, 
in the Oiomali tTTtalia, Rome, Feb. 23, ISO!). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGttlMES 

})e fint chapel? ]>tre were macy smale kyiigis be fo? rcgnjng on \>e Btnala 
parties. Of ^ia romulus both of liis dedpB eldiI his ileth aod eke liU deHe in 
Bpoke be fo? jerfor be? it sohal be left. U The secund kyng at rome aftir 2 
romulaB waa clepid nnina pompiiJua. Thia man regned in rome xli jere in 
pat same tynie {lat ezechie was kyng in iury. This kyng of bye prouydena 
ordeyocd ))at kaytia achuJd Lane be? wages of ^e comown errarie {^at )>ei 
echuld pe mo? absteyne fro extoi-sioun for mech of liis tynie he bad peea 
wit} ]m regionea pat stood a boute him. This kyng eke addid on to pe jere 
too niontliie jannai i and februari for pe je? be fo? his tyrae be gan at march. 
Eke pe first mony fiat was mad of eiluyr was road be his a uya for be made 
pe werkmen to graue peria hia yniage and write }>erin his name. And per!or 
in pe Utyn tonge pe name of pe money was deryued outc of ^is locdia name. 
For Dummus in latyn tunge la as mech to sey aa many ood pis mannes name 
was nuraa so oute of numa cam nummus.* He aaayned eke it wiae men to 
write oute solon his lawea and fint pei myth be need i-n Jjat puple he Bctto 
hem in longe declaracioun in xii partiea whech ^ei clepe bibliotekef. The 
names of ^se men fiat had )>ia labou? a? |)ese. Appias, Claudiua, Gemiciu*, 
Ueteriwa, Julius. Mnnilim, Suspicitia. Sixtus, Curacitw. RomuluB portumttf. 
This last romulus postumiis hath too names in pe eronicles fiir different fro 
pe first romulaa, H. The })irde kynge pat regned in rome hith tulliuB 3 
hoBtilitu and he regned eke })at same tynie In whech manaeses was kyng in 
iude. This man . . . 



Here part of the MS. has been loit. 




/nerus regned uii ;ere. This man was of euel condicioun and spfci'aly in t S'S r 
gloteny and leachery in so mech )iat he wedded hia stepmodyr called iulia 
he deyid in pt cite whech ))ei clepe edissa. 51. Than was an emperoitr thei 22 
clepe martinus whech regned but jere for he and his son on o day loat 
both he? hedia. Of ))ie mannes name and of pe place of his detli ia grete 
CiTntradiccioUTi a mongM l>eBe writerea. Sutnme sey he hith martiniia eurfime 
Bey moerinu* aunimc sey be deyed in inglond aumme sey in rome al) J^ia leue 
I to discussc a monges [>c rederia of ))is book. H, A no^ir antiiny regned 23 
aftir him a man of cursed lyf pertoT was he slayn and hia modir to gidir 
whan he had regned iii jer. Tu bis tyme lyued aeynt kalixte pe pope of 
whom je achul he? aftir. % Than was Alisaundre emp«rou? whech regned 
xiii je?. ThiB man be in staunB of bis modir mammeas and techbg of origeas 
whech cam to rome to coufrte hi?, was mad so good on to cristen men [;at 



' CcoDpare Rurnlf Iligitea, Polythrtmlron, 
fnvnitlDn of noiuiy. 



pp. 72-1, u regknli Nnnia'i 



Si YE SOLACE OF PILGRIHES 

he suiTeied hem to baue he? councclles and he? prayeria be hem ulf; 
NeuiVjJelnsBB in big tyme )>e echi-ewed offic«re3 of his killid many mRrtirea 
eeynt urhane cecile tihuice and ualerinne. 1?. Maximianiw regoed yanJB 
iii }e? Hiimme bokis callc him inaximiouji. Tlier is no gret wrytyng of \>is 
man hut )7at for mia gouernauxcQ he was Binyn and his eon eke whech was 
hut )ong of Age. U Aflir him was gordiau emporou? ui je? he regned and 
sloyn he was eke aftir he cam fro peree. In his tyme Jyued j^at greto writf? 
often alleggcd in bokes \>ei clcpid htm atfricanus. H. Phili|)pe ]>e elde? 
regned yanii) and phillppe his aone aftir him \ie regne of hem both ie counted 
to gidir for \>ei regned but uii jere. Thei both we? baptized of a martir ]tei 
clepe ponciuB and aftirwnrd glayn of )>e boost on of hem at rome {m othir at 
uerone. Thei beqwoth in hir deth aU ht? tresou? on to seynt eixte whech 
wsB pope ' p&t tyme JkiI be Fchnld dispOEe J^ia good to {>e worchip of god 
and Bustenaunce of po? men and eeynt lauience at a^signacioun of bis 
mayttir silite deparled })iH tresou? abotite rome wliecb woe grete cauee of 

28 his martyrdani. U. Deciue was next eniperou? a wise man of wer? but to 
cristen men an odious tyrauiit. For philipp* j^e eldef sent him in t<i fraunce 
be cause |iei rebelled & whan he heiil sey j^at deciut had redressed all t^ing 
weel & was comjng homward a geyn he for to do him a singule? worchip 
met with bim at uerone and aone aftir )>e mme declus killid his lord a alepe 
in his bed. This herd sey ]>e jonge? philipp« ]>at was at roroe be took f)ann 
a1 })LB treeou? to seynt aixt, Of Jiiis decius is mcch strif in croniclo for sum 
aey ]xit seynt laurence was not in bis tyme and it iB eseuaed )Jua [jat jjis man 
is clepid decius cesar & not decius impei-ator so be paX exposicioun )>er« we? 
too. Surnme othir men say ^t galiene pe emp«rou? hith deciu* alsoo. 

29 H. Uftleriane was aftir him and he regned with his son galieue su je?, 
This man was manly in ^ beginning but aftirward he was joue to uice and 

f. 373 r mtch/wreccbidnesse and so was bis eon gnliene. Summe auctoris sey {'at 
be fo? Jjese too wi-? o\iir (oo emi>#rouri'« whech ]>vi calle gallue and uolusianns. 
1 Buppoee )>at ]>ei regned hut litil tyme and J^rfor ^e writeres charged not 
her bokes with them, or elles (ici were emperouri* extraordiuari. For we 
rede of swecb many of on glodius ^t was a orihilc etere and di-ynke? and 
of an othir diadumem l^at was as )>ei sey bo? with a cappe on his heed. 
This nsleriauuT of whom we apoke went in to perse and )^cre for )>e grete 
blood of martires whech he bad epilt was taken of J>e kyng of perse whan he 
had take him be put onto both bis eyne and kepte bim to jiis office j^at whan 
so euyr he schuld ride piR naleriau schuld iy down and he schuld set his feet 
on hia hak whan he wold take his bora. This say and herd galiene his sod 



 From tliU point ia Ihe M 
illegible. Wlierever thii octur 



■gope* , 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 



^nt was left at rome and \>at cuased )«t he was i 
u be was be fore. f1. Aftir ^«e regned claudlu 
moDlbeB, Tliis mau aflir a uictori whech Lc had i 
11. Thaniil aftir him regned quiwtilJMa his bro]>it 



it BO cruel to cristou men 
pe eecQiid i ;ere and uiii 3: 
roauedoiiy was aoue deed. 
,i dayes for be was 3; 



but 



■Iftjn 



11. Aurelia 



miKTOu? and in his Ijme cristpn men 33 
had mech pdrsecncioun most speciul in fraunce for ]>ere was he him selue & 
exercised mech tjrannye aud }>at fai? cit« whech J)ei clepe orgliauTtce lie 
named it aftir liim. H. Tacit»« was {mdiD a wis man and a redj but sone 39 
ded he rogned )»? uii moathis. H. ThaDit regned on probufi ui jer and su 
ill moathis. Ho was bore in ptrse as suwime men sey bat Jw trewe? opinioun 
is jiat he was a roman. tn his iyme roos }>at her«si whech })ei clepe mauiches 
of a prince of hem cleped raanes a geyns whom seynt nuaten laboured ful 
strongly and |:<at in many Ixikis. H- Tho regned clams and liia too sones sg 
carinu* aod numerianus but eone we? })ei ded pe fade? wos drenchid in 3A 
a watir |>e o son killid in hia bed Ipe otliir sone ded but it is not expnssid 
on what wise, AH {jeae iii regned but too jere. 1!, Diocleclami cam aftir 39 
hem and maximiaii |>e on regned ou ]>e est pe oph in ^e west. The first jio 
^ing }>is diocleciaon ded be brent all pe cristcn bokes pal myth be fonnde. 



These too tyi'auntis ded most harm on to cristen men 
for X jere lested her peT^ecncioun for as we redyi 
XX |>oufiand men we? alayn for cristis cauee a lai 
BinastaBe and sebastiaun aud many o))ir. % Galerli 
I est, oonstanciiM', bo whs 



f«n enyr did ony ojiir 
with inne ixx dayes 
ngi* whech wl? seynt 
t regned aftir with on fli 
]5c cmpi? at fwo dayes A2 



constaociuj. galerlui 

dyuyded. This constanwca aftir tyme }>at he had conquered nii epnyn he 
went in to grete brytayn and ptre he wedded heleyn a kyngis doutyr 
of whom he be gate grete constantyjil and J^is same constanncitM deyid in 
britayn 6t ie liyryed at jork as roartyn seytb. Cireta eonstantine regned (13 
XXX }6re X monthis and xi dayes. Tbia man bront cristen men to he? liberie 
ft jane hem leuc to bilde / cherohes to pe worchip of god. Summe cronicles t 347 r 
■laundir him and lej {lat in pe last ende of his lyf he scbnid be peruerted to 
J>e heresy of |>e arianes but [jis oppinionn is a geyn seynt gregori in hie 
registe?, and seint ombrose up on pe psalmes, and jeidre in his crontcle, 
vbeoh alt sey ^at be ended wel. Tlie grekis eke »ey of him as of a eeynt 
for hia feet faUith pe xxi of may . We achal write of him mech mo? in pe 
Becnud book whan we Ecbal dcda? pe werkis ^at be mad. H. Oonstantinns AJt 
pe secunde regned witli bis too bre)7riu sxxiiii jer and iu his last ende was he 
prru«ited to pe tiereei of pe arianes be a bischop called eusebi so ^t summe 
men slaunder j^e fadir for pe ton be cause t>ei had both o name. The ende of 
Jib man was ]>i3 as he schuld go in Constantinople to a grete couhccU in whech 

' ' in J« west ' in mirgin of MS. 




66 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



he had fout to a condempned f e biscboppis and clerkis of Irewe by lene he 
went be fo? to a cbaiubir to a uoyde swech ping as natu? ' and ]iere Bodeynly 
his boweles felle fro him and he sone ded. This same eiide had arry ' eka  
Ai^ aa we rede. H. JiiliaptiJ apostata was next him and he regned too jer 4 
niii monlhia be was clcpid aposlata for he fled pie coiistaTitiu whecfa killid 
hia hro}iir and for fe? of dcth was mad a monk but aftirwanl be counceH of 
a nygromanoer he aeked of pc Ueuole whej>ir be myth bo en»p«ro«? or nowt  
and pe spirit anawerd [lat he schuld he cmperon? o coudidou?! j^at he achuld 
forsake hia criatendam & be uttir eiimye on to criaten mm. And ao waa he 
for he ^aue leue to pe iewca ]>at jwi scliuld bilde a geyu pt temple of if rliii 
and fro cmten men he took all he? godes undir colon? of |iat clause.' 
H. JoormanuB regned aftir him but niii nioiithia for wban iulian was ded 
pe houtt chaae him emptrou? and he aeide it was not lefnl to a criaten man 
to be lord ouyr so many hethen men. Thei anewerd rather fianiii be achuld 
forsake pe empi? j^ei wold he cristen alL Thua took he p&t dignito but aone 
was be ded and in merueloua uiaue?. For he was leyd after his iomay in 
A cloos houB aH'Of st^iie newly whitid with lym in whech J^ei mad on to hia 
connfort aa ^ei |^out a R? of cha? cole and of pe eyir of peee too in pe morow 
he was found deed, fl, Aftir bim regned un lent! man with his brojjir ualent 
for he departed pe emjii? and |aue his bro])ir pe eat and kept him selue pe 
west. Thia ualeutinianus was a lord wilj iuiiane apostata and happed him 
on a tyme for to go in to a temple of fala goddia for to do sacrifiae and 
miniatrea stood pert with wntir halowid aftir he?* with whech pe strewg* 
lordis. This ualontiuinuiM smet pe minister peX prcw watir up on bim and 
aeid he was rather defiled per by pan clensed. Be cause of )iBt Julian ded 
him exile but ou? lord god for hia open coitfeGsion of hia name rewarded him 
with pe empi?. Hia hro))ir ualent feU in to pe oppinyon of arianea & deyid 
in )>at hereai. This same ualent lyued iiii je? after ualentinianus with 
gratiane and a notbir nalentiniaii) fie jonger. In jiia tyrae tyued aeynt 
574 y ambrose. 51. Gnitian with hia brej^rin ualeoti/nian pe yinger and eke 
with theodosiua regned ui je?. In hia tyme were cherchea ojipened a geyn 
& cristen men had leue to reuewe goddis seruyse whech ))ingiB we? defended 
uo hy fo? at comaunment of emp^rouria infect with hereaie. ^, Theodoaie 
regned aftir him with Jns jong ualentiniane. Thia man diatroyed pe templea 
of maumentrye and in his tyme eke seynt ierom tranalate pe bihie and 

* 'requlrit' in margia ofMS. 

' tAriuiL 

' There li a mu^niJ note, in uiother hand, whioh myi: 'in ]>e goBpel uiri quia 
lenunditTfrit omnibot quae pfModel aou potest meni ewe dlidpulat.' 

* 'giH'inmmrgJnof MS. 

* ' lid )«' in margin of M.S. Tspriakled ibe. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 



67 



Beyni ambrose mad ^e ympuie, aiid seynt aasten was conueried. This man 
faut a geyu bis emuyes mo? with orieon and prayer (^an with Bwerd. Ho 
ragued xi jere. He deyid at melan and biriedat conatantiiiople. 1). Arcba- lii 
di«a and honorim regned xiii je? and in he? tyme rome was wel uy distroyed 
be a Ityng clepid alaricus of whech destruccioun roos a gret liltispheme of 
pt rumanes for ^i seide (lat )>ei ferd neuyr weel sith crist cam to rome & be 
raute hem lie? godilfV be ]k }>r<ehing of petir and poule. A geyu pie blaa- 
phcme sej'Dt aiiatiu mad \>ht solempoe werk whech we clepe de ciuitate dei. 
V. Mouorma aftir ^is with tlieodosiud liis bro)H'riB son regned xu jere ii man ua 
of holy lyf for too wyues had he and pei deyed both maydenee. lie loued 
Bpfcialy J3e eherch & h&ted gretly heretikea. In hia tynie deyid aeynt 
ierom lit bethlem l^e jere of his age Ixxxxi. ^. TheodoaiuB ]>e joiigi'r with uS 



whech i 



hia ueue regued xxuii 
clepid ad uiucla aei petri. 



(ere. In hta time was j^e fest ordeyned 
In his tyme deyed seynt auatyii pe jer 
of bis age IsKiii. luhistyme we? reisid be miracle ^le uii sleperes whech bad 
slept cc jere. Tbia man deyid at Constantinople and pert ia he biried. 
H. Marciaima & ualentinianus regned uii jere in whoa tyme was hoJde })egreteuB 
councell calcedonenai'f whe? pe heretikes euticeu & dioaconia we? con- 
denipned. | xi )x)usand uirginea at coloyn we? martiiized 
be him. H. Leo l^e first regned xuii jere. In hia tym 
onieyued be fur J>e asccnaiounofseynt mamert bischopofuyenne. The pope * 
eke of rome at {lat tyme bith Ito eke with whom was a notable clerk and 
notoiyou to him pei calle him jyosper whose bokea we haue togi-etleniyng.' 
IT, Zeno aflir Jiot regued in jere in whoa tyme J>e bodies of seynt mathew pe uS 
euangelist and eeynt bnmabe pe apogtel we? founde and witj hem \>e gospel 
))at seynt mathew vrrot. H. Anaataaiua aftir him regned xiui jere. In his \^a 
tyme we? many heretikes of pe arianea oppinioun sodeynly ded on olimpius 
at cartage and a no^ir Itarohas whech was gret confuaioun to )}at errou? 
and eonfiimaeioQH on to us. H. luatiuu* aftir him regned ix jer. Thia man ij8 
with all bis myth lalxmied to distioye beresi iu pe eherch to whom eke fro 
rome jou pe pope ' went on to Constantinople for to gete grace J'at arrianea 
Bchuld hatie he? chercbes a geyn at instaunce ofa tyruu«t called theodoricut 
uid ^t same cite was ful glad to sc goddis ulke? uisite hem whech had not 
oft* be seyu be fu?. ^. lustiuiano cam iiftir ])is man and / be was first taute f. 9TS r 

> 9. Protper at Aqiiibuoe or Guienne wm Iha McreUry of Piipe S. Leo. Hs li uid 
by tome to huve been Bi>liD|) of B^kid; b; othen, of Riei in Ptovenne. He died 
a liltle Kftor 4GS, ui<l ou baried at Biei, in k oburah whiob he imd built and 
ooniecnttod to H, Apolllokri*. Whkl reiniuns uT hia works hu be«n pubUsbed at Ljuq 
in )E39, Kt LnuvaiD in U66, at Ooual in 1S;7, at Cologne in IflOB and 1630, and at 
Farii in 1711. The iiut is &aid by Muren to b« tbe beat edition (,Moreri, OiclloHnain 




YE SOLACE OF PTLGRIMES 

witli a biscliop of pe arriunes eecte nlle t<e enonree {lal longe to ))at bereriftl 

But aftirwnrJ lie \>e mercy of cure lord oud byay laboii? of pe 

a^npitiu he was turbed fro Jjut Ueresy in to J>e Irewc feytb. Thia is |ie same 
tnaD Jiat gaJered all jje lawe cyuyle Institues Code and Digest. He mad 
eke (>e grete temple at constantynople whecb pei clepe sccEO[>liie. He regned 
in fat empi? ixxuiii 3ere. Ii. lu&titjianuM \>e secvnde regned si jcre. In hii 
tyiue itayle rebelled a geyna him. pe capitajue of |jis rebellioun was on 
oarces witb a grete multitude of himbardis. pe cause ))at aophie pe 
empereeBB hated him and |Jat mad him to fle in to lumbardye and rere pe powe? 
be fo? seyd. % Tibmus regned aftir him uii jere Imted his regae. Tliis 
man jauc grete good in almesse for criatis loue so ferfortli put be was falle 
in grete pouert but aflirward releued be a grete tresou? fouiule id partie be 
niyracule. H. Maurieina regned aftir him xi jere euene. In bia tyme was 
seynt gregorie pope * be whom inglond was neuly conucrted on to pe feltb. 
H. Than regned focaa wbecli graunted leoe to pope * boaeface pat pe temple 
mad in wordtip of all goddie acbuld be consecrate to all seyntis. Thia 
temple bith now aca maria rotunda. % Eraclius regned aftir bim xzxi 
jere. This man killid pe kyng of perse cosdre and browt pe boly croaae on 
to ietlm. In his tyine eke regned pnt cursed propbete machomete. ^. Con- 
stantinwc t«rtiu3 regned aftir lum xxuii jere. Thia was eraclius son and 
deceyued with pe same heresie with whech his fader was deceyued pe heresy 
ia cleped monachelitarum pei aeid pat in criat was but o will. The feith 
putlilb too in crist on to pe godhed a nopir to pe manhod. % ConstikntintM 
quartm son to pe foraaid man regned aftir liia fader xuii jere. Tliia lord 
hated pat his fader loued and waa ful bysy for to diatroye pat heresy whech 
was meynteyned be hia fader. For be his comaiindmmt waa gadered pe sexte 
eonnselt at lanatuntinople of cc bisclioppis iiii scure and ix whech all diffyned 
pat pere we? in cnat to wiltis ea is aeid be fore. ^. lustinianm p e aecund, 
Bon to pe same conatafityne r^ned aftir hia fader x jere. He went fro hia 
fader steppes Sc jaue fauouf to heresy wlierfor ou? lord suffered bim to be 
exiled in to an yie pei clepe f ersone first priuyd both of his nnae and eke of his 
tunge. In hia tyme lyued b<'de. H. Leo pe secund regued iii jere whom 
tiberiua exiled in to pe ilde cleped tersona first cuttyug hia nase and his 
tuiige. The same tiberiiu regned aftir him uii jere whom pe forseid iustini- 
anw pat waa exiled kylliU. f. Philippe pe secunde regned a je? and ui 
moDthis. He diatroyed all pe yinagea of oriste or of seyntis whech lie fond 
opir pingi'j of hira rede we nowt. ^, Aiiastaaius pe secuTtd regned iii je?, 
f. 375 V This / man killid pe forseid phiJippe wherfor pe knytis of bia boost deposed 
A3 him & mad bim a preest. V. Tbeodoajus ^e pinle waa iutroulzedbepe same 
Aa knytis a gnod man and pesible be regned o je?. 11. Than regned Leo iii 



J 



)>at!i 



xzu je? wb«h deyed 
faonowred. In his ty: 
to pnpie. U, Constnntiniia 



SB 

me crrou? whei^b Bufferitb non ymagee to Iw 
e b ody or aeynt nuntyn translate fro sardyny 
yie iiiannes eon botb in nntu? and id maiieiis A\^ 
rpgiied xsxu ^ere. Aftir bim regneil lea iiii wbecb desired a crownc owt of ^3 
a chcrch and wban be bud it on hia bid a noji a feuc? took him and mad 
au ende of bim. H. TLo regncd constAntinus ui jerea s. In bis tynie wus A A 
gadered {» grete councell at uycene of ccc & 1 faderis in wbecb { ^ crede 
was mad whech we singge at maase. ^. Aftir him regned pJcepborua \x jeie. A" AO 
%. And yanne micliael ii }ere whecb was good and trewe of condicionn. Than 80 
came charlea called |w grele in to t>e empi?. This man at comaundmetit of 
adriane pe pope * went in to ytaile & took on desideri lord of ))at cuntt* led 
hira prisone? in to fraunce and aflirward at prayer of J>e pope and |>o 
i-omanes took up on him f'at empi?. He regned eucne jiiii je?, II, Lode- 81 
wik son of ]?e aaine karolus regned xxn je?. In his tyme wff }>e bokia of 
aeynt denya tranplale. Lotbariu* iu* regned aftir him i jere. In his tyme 
Tas seynt heleyn modir to coDstantine translate from rome in to fraunce. 
LodewiciM iiua regned aftir him xsi je?. Carolua iii'S wbech was cleped 8' 
caluiu regned aftir him iii jer and ix moothis. fl. Than carolus iiiiM „„ 
whech was cleped grossua regned xii jere. H. Thau arnulphua 
H. Tliaii lodwicw iiiua ui jere. H. Than berengariiig iiu . In his tyme w 



je.( 



sesA 



J»t abbey foundid wbecb )>ei clepe clnnacensiV we calle it cloyne. He? 
CBsed pe frenach blod to i-egne and ]k almaynea be euwue. H. Coniardus int 88 
regneil uii jc? suminu men anowbir iiim nowt a mongi» ]>e emperouns be 
cause he wsa neuii* confermed be pt pope, * ^. Berengarim iim regned 8» 
paoii uiti jere. H. Than regned berry )m kt-ng xniii je? in almayne but 90 
not in itaile pertoT is be not anoumbired a mongis empfronn*. H. Beii-n- m 
garim iiiw* regned aftir him uiii jere. ^. Octo pn'mus regned yanfii ixjui 91 
)e?. He weddid as we fyndo J^e sister of adelwtan kyng of ynglond. 
H. Octo ii«# regned sx jere he went to rome and J>ere wuHcro«"ued of pope * *3 
benedicte. fl. Than regned octo iiiu< xix jere. H. And faniB benricnj im 8* 
xii jere. V. Than conrardus pnmus xi jere. Tliis man wm mfnielomly 9lj-6 
oomannded to be alayn wliil he woe Jong and be grele miracle ?aued hut pe 
■tory ia long. IT. Aftir him regned benricus iiiit xnii jere. In bis tymeSA 
was berengarie in fraunce condempnedftconuicteof faeresieasitistfonteyned 
in pe decrees distf ii ego IwreDgarins. And in bis tyme waa mad pe grele 
uiage to ierlm wban godfrey of boloyn whs mad kyng / fiere. II. Heniicita '. 37il r 
Uiu« regned xlix jerc. lu his tyme was grt-te ]>estilens )>orw oute pn 
world. In bis tyme eke was foufid he ape? |jat on? lord was wounded with. 
IT. Henricw iiiitts son to ^ia m»n regned xn je?. Aftir tyme be was introiiited 
be cufl'erauns of bis fader he put bis fniler in priaon & kept bim )>ere til he 
1 2 




deyed. In his tyme lyued hiigo de bco niclo? at parys.' fl. Conranluj 
Bconnde regned xu jere he mad a ful solempue iornay in to ]m holy lond a 
iiutanB of Beynt bemard. IT. FroderJcm pn'mmi regned xxxuii jer^. 
crowned at aeynt petres hi ronie and aftir t«ok hiB iornay in to pe holy loud 
nnd ileyid pere. For in his dayee was ierltii take oute of cristen t. 
handis. T. Henricna u«a regned uiii jeP he conquered i»i hia tyme J>e 
regiones both of cicile and of neaplis. H. Aftir him regned Octo iiiiwa. 



He regned but iiii jere for ati )» princes of almayne fout<ni a geyn liii 
frederik at comaundment of pe pope • cleped honoriuj'. Aftir him regned 
fredericiM iin* jerea xxiii. This man was grete eumy to pe cherch in bo 
mech J>at he was depoaed be ]>e pope * and aftirward leued a wrecchid lif 
and had detb lich on to hia lyf and he? wil we mak an ende of J^is partie of 
ou?' as we promised and go ttreitli on to J>e secnnd part which schal trete 
of ]>e spiVtfaal treao? of rome. 



Here beginnytb p6 eecnndfl part whech tretith of ]»i chercliia iu 
of ]>e spinfuale trenu? conteyned in hem. 

ProiogUB. 
The? ia grete queationn a mougis studious men whi rome hath swecb g 
prjruylege pat pe bed of alle criatendam achuld dwelle pef as for J'e most p 
and alle pe cherchis of criatendam schuld obeye p^t cherch aa for a pn'ncipt 
moder and norche? of oure feith, Stinime men sey it was cfmuenicnt pat 
pert achuld god be pn'ncipaly honoured whe? he was priucipaly despised and 
Jiat cyte wbeoh was heed of all errou? schuld be mad aftirward heed of 
all lemyng. So can oure lord »a seith seint austin make his gode ]:>ingis of 
ou? euele. Olhir men be (>e? j)ftt grouwde hem in pc gospeH whe? ou? lord 
jaue powe? plenarie en to seynt peter in whech jjei eey is conteyned f>at be 
was mad pn'nce and pn'ncipal ouyr all pe apostelis bo Jwi conclude J)at J>ow 
[>e cherch of antyoche be eldc? of tyme pe cherch of rome is worthier of 
dignyte. A othir cause is reheraed of grete constantine whecb mad aftir hia 
baptem certeyn lawes enyr for to be kepte of whecb lawes {lis was on, ])at lich 
aa pe emperou? of rome is lord and pnucipaH ouyr aH kyngis so pe bischop 



' Hugo da S. Victor, a celebnted thanlogian, anil Prior of S. Victor in PsHi, derotod 
liimMlf to  raligiou* lira at the lige of eighteen, in the yeitr U15. Hb died in 1143. 
He taught theology Grom the year 1130 with euch Biioceas that he wu colled the ' second 
Aogmtine'. Hin woriu hnve bean pabliihed at Parii in 1526, at Venice in IGBS, I 
H«iiula 1(117, and at Rouen in ISIS (Moreri, Dhtioaanire hiiloriqvf). 

* ' book ' in margin of MS. 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRTMES 

of rome scbuld bo priiicpal oajr ail bisclioppis. We fjnde also in bokys Jiat 
Jm cherch of constantinojile preaumed for to be prrncipal of oil Jw world and 
for pat pr«sufflpcioun pope * boneface ^e iiii mad suggestion to ^^ etnperaii? 
/ cleped focaa pat he Bchuld sette sum remedy iii pia mate?. Aod he f, 370 v 
ordeyned ]>u.t pe cherch of seynt petir at rome scbuld be in name & in 
ftuctorite pn'iicipaH of all Jjc world. Men })ink fer}>rrraore of grete reson )>at 
it Gchnld be soo for pe multitude of martireH wbech spilt he? blood in 
confirmacioun of on? feith in Jjst aaine place. Tlian wil we speke of ph holy 
place and of I'e dyufrs parcellis of ^is place undir j^ia forme. First of 
J)e Beuene cherchis whech be clepe<l pnncipal. ThaniD of all j?oo chercbis in 
whecb pe atociones be holde io lentoiS or eaterne. Last of all poo cherchla 
whech be hald in ony fame as ferforth as ou? reoiemberannoe may att«yne. 



Off m seynt petJr cherch.' 



Beynt petir chereh slant ou pe west side of rome nowl in rorac for it is a 
cyte be pe selue }9at and pe popes * paleys and castell aungeH & a strete with 
iii cherches and an hospital. This same cyte in elile croniclea is clepid 
cimtaa leonina. This cherch of aej-nt petir is gret and long and hath many 
dyurra houses hangyng np on him. The length is xiii pileres be twin eaerj 
pile? is zii fete of space and eu«ry pile? conteynyth iiii fete of Jiiknesse so a? 
^re of )>o spacia of xii fete xxiii, bo side o)>ir pileres whech cam out 
of salamonea temple of whech iiii stande on side and liij on pe opir and iiii 
ouyr wherl ' be for pe auler.' Or we come at aeynt petrea pare be greces * of 
marbil whech a? aa brood as al pt cherch of summe mcnnys pa^se {>ei are of 
length luiii for so brood is |» cherch )>at is to seye pe body with iiii eles too 
on eythir side. A pasae conteynyth n fete aftir pc mesure of gemetry whech 



' Tho Bnailicft of S. Peter, according to tnditinu. U over u> o»tory baili by Papa 
Aiuwlstua to mark the lile of the Apotle't tomb. The nrigiiul builiu wh founded by 
CunitKntine in 306, ftod rest* In part upon the «*Ila of Nero't dreus. The eii*tin|{ 
church iTH oammeneed in IIGO by Nicholu V, and dedicated by Urban VIII in ISSfl. 
The nave waa finiihed ai earl; aa 1S12. The work mads little prograu, however, a&tU 
It wa« nndeitaketi eneigetioallj b; Juliui II in IfiOS, with Bramaata a« archlled. 
Baphaal, Sangmllo, and UicbpUngcIo succeeded him ; the facade wa« deaigned by 
[ Ifademo, and the dome oompleted by Giaoomo della Port*. 

' Ovarthwart - athwart, tranavervely. 

' 'Appreuo all ' altare maggiore aono oolonDe aedid di nianiu bianohi atorlate alqaanto 
rotonde molto gentili che >i dice Tennono di Gerutalem ' (Huoellu, 11 Giubilto delV anno 
tatio tiSO, Arehir. St. rat., 1881, Tol. W, fan. I», p. 68r). Another autboritj of the 
le period caya there were fourteen pillar* from Solomon*! Temple, two of wUdl were by 
the altar of the Vemaclc, the others in the choir {.MufTet, p. 31). 

' 8tepa. 



62 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



int liere. Tliese gicces be in noumbir xsis,' and bb oftyn as 
a man goth ap on [lesc grecee be caiii^e of deuocioun aa oftyn Iiatj he for 
euMygre uii jere of indiilgens graunted of alisaundre jJe pope' as we fynde 
writin in elde rememberaunce. With inne \v cberch of seynt petir bo 
iiii Ecore auteres and uiii ' and to eucry aact«? is graunted pardon of zxniii 

' Muffel wyi th»t the Qunibcr of iteiia lemiing up lo tho Ijasilici wh tweotj-etght ; 
tbey &ppDBr to liars been increued to thirty-liie under Paul II (146t-7I) (MutfBl, p. 18 
■nd n. 6). 

* 'llipre is  strange dlienilj in the accnunta given by variuuii inedkevol authon u lo 
the number of kltari in S. Peter'i ; also ta to whom the aeven head altars were dedicated. 
Here falloiT tbe itatement* made by lonie of tfae writers moat frequently quoted in these 
footDotea. Mnlfel (p. 25) says there were lOG altara and that tbe principal altais wtre 
dedicated as follows r (I) S. Simon and S. Jude, (2) 8. Gregory, (3) S. And»w, (4) 8, Leo, 
(5) Tbe Holy Croai, (3) our Lady, (7) Tbe VenuKjle. Ritter von Harff (p. £3) aays that 
there were 100 altan, and that the principal ones were dedicated to (I) the Trinity, 
(3) All Souls, (3) S, Gregory, (i) our Lady, ^6) .S. Leo, (81 S. Lndan, {7) the Vemacle. 
Ein Baehlin, Slraubuij, IGCO, says there were 100 altan, and a^p'vee with von Harff aa 
to the dedication of the principal ones (see pp. C ii v and C lii). Adam de Usli, who wu 
an official of tbe Papal court, gives the priaeipal altars (on ps^ 354) u follows ; (1) S. Peter, 
{1) the Holy Crow, (3) the Vemacle, (4) S. Gregory, (fi) S. Fabian and S. Bebaatian, 
(8) S. Leo. (Xl S. Andrew, A MS. lludl. Di.jby 190. folio 10, entitled Dtteriptio urbit 
Homt cam iadulgenciii, givee a total of Stf, and sayi that the prindpal aftan were 
(1) Budarium, (3) S. Simon and S. Jude, (S) 8. Gregory, (1) our Lady, (6) 8. Andrew, 
(d) S. Leo, (7) Holy Crou. The Forkingtoii MS., E. £. Text Society, 1607, p. 30, giTe* 100 
altar*, and adda : ' But vii bjn moiihe and most of djgnytv, fat it to say, furst on pe right 
bondys|)eautHrort>cveniacutla. %. The ij of t« honaure of oure Udy : The>red ofseynt 
Sjmon and Jade : The Iiii of cent androw : The T of sent gregoiye, and Jwr he lytbe : The 
»i of sent leoo >e pope : The Tii of Jie holly crow, and Jinrin oommylha bo woman.' Tlie 
Vernon .VS. (1370), E. E. Teit Society, 1867, vol, xiv, p. a, on tbe Slaeiont of S<m*,n.ji : 
In t»t Munstro . men may fynde. 
An hundred Autersi . bi£jren and behynde. 



H Among ye Aul-rs . seuene Jxr be. 

Mure of grace . and dignite. 1 

H Pe Anlor of (jo vemiole is on. 

Up-on )« rilit bond . as Inu Kthalt gon. 
U pe fecunde . in i>e honour of ur ladi if. - 
^ pe ^'dde . of seynt Symon and Jnde I.-wlt. 
^ pe Feorfie . of saint andreuj . You ichalt haue. , 
II pe Fif|>e of selnt gregiiri . Jwr be lyth in gmue. 
^ pa Sizte . of aeint lenn >B pnpe. 
per he aang masse . in his cope. 
H Of ednt Cr^B . )>Bt seaeD>e is. 
In wjuche, no wunmon schal comcn I.-wis. 
It will be observed that the two English authors agree, as do the two Germans ; bnt 
that tbe two natinnalities diffur widely from each other. But one of the two English HSS. 
i* much earlier than tbe other authorities ; the dates being : ParNon MS. about 1370, 
Porklnglan afS. about 1*80-70. Muffel 14&2, Von Harff UUS-9, ^'h .BaeUtn 1(00. Tbt 
date of the Ihgb)/ MS. (Bodteiani ii not mentioned, but it is about 14S0 to 1475. RnesUat 
sayi : ' In detia chiesa sono uovaniel (06) altari dove «i dice messa ' {II GiuhUia diW «ni« 
wiB/o li&O, Areilr. St. Pal., 1881, toL i», tut, W, p. 667. II GialUtv deU' a«no lanto li 
from the Zibaldini qnaroainuJe which Giovanni Bucellai, merchant and citiien of Floreiwe, 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 03 

jei-e f>at (lay })at }>e seyut fullith to wliecli seynt Ipe aute? la cousecrat tliis 
Bftmt< iudulgeua duritli be pe octaue o[\ie eamc feel. Seueue aoclerea be fie? 
of principal auctorite. Tlie aute? of J)e uemmle, |» aute? of ou? lady, 
)Je aule? of seynt gregory, )w aule? of J>e ajwatoles siinon and iude, ]» ante? 
of aeyut andruv, )>e aute? of aeyut leou aud seyiit cruce wlie? women enter 
not. To ech of Jwse b graunted lociens quociens uii jere indalgens. In fw 
fest of e anunciacioun of ou? lady who bo eu^ aieite )>is cherch bath 
of indnlgeiiB a ul jere, on maunde ^urgday a ul jere. In euery frei^t of 
aeynt petir a mI jeie. In ))o dedicatiouw of ]>e cherch ivhecli falieth in fe 
octane of seynt martyn uii Ml jere & pe )>iirde part remissioun of all aynue. 
Wbanii Ko euyr ]it ueruacle is scbewid iii m1 ;ere ifi graunled to ]>e romaiiea. 
I Aud to bein alia pai dwclle ouyr ):>e mowntia / is ul jere. | And to )>oo )^t t. 377 r 
dwelle be |)iabaluc |>e mowutla in m1 ]«?.' But je eclia] undirstand ]'ai in 
pe cite of ronie reetea uiii bodies of pe apoateles. Id eeytit petir cbercL is balf 
{>e body of petir and balf of poule luciuerat sauo ye bonea and )<e ojiir bulf 
of f>e same is at aeyut poules. Al§o in f>e cbercb of peyut petir are siniou 
ft iudaa lying & boue in )>e wall, pe opir iiii apoateles schul be teld of 
aftirwanl. In pe eunie cherch litb seyut gregory ]ie pope ', aeint Icon 
pe pope ', aeint ion crisoitom biechop of conetaiitiuoplo, pe holy niartires pro~ 
cessus & luai'tinkuuf,' seyut peti'onill and o^irmo. H. Of f>elioIy uernacle wil 

ordered la be writlen in 14E9. and wliich remained until recent time* {n the poHessionof 
the (unily of the »uie name. Il Ihon juuied iclo other fannili, and nii extract ftom It wm 
publiihed in t8T3 by John Tern pis- Leader, an £ii(;tUhiiu>ii, tbeo reeideat id Florence, 
who bad acquired it (ue ArcMtrio Mta Soeietii Somana di Sloria Patria, 18S1, rol. ir, 
fkvc. Iv, p. GS3, n. 1). While on the lubject of the alt-ut in t^. Feter'a, it \t interetting 
to note a tact vhich MufTel atatei. He njB tliat at the high alur are non {Mil) 
the ancient picture! of 8. Petar aod S. Panl, wbich were >haini by !j. SUruter to 
Comtantine, in order to aKertaia whether they were the penoBi who had appeared to 
Um in his dreaiu (MuFTel, p. 24 ; aee aUo Kicbola, MarreU of Home, pp. 133 and 132). 
He •ayi:"rhe picture yet aUnditb In the altar wall above the high altar* (uf 8. John 
Iiatena). Thin pastaife occun in a Cod. rul. 4265 {ilirabiHa), of the fourteentli 

' In the VemoH MS.tbon mentioned (on p. 8'^, the IndulgoDM* at B. Peter'i an atid 
to be ai fallow* : At 8. Peter'i altar cTery day tweaty-eight yean. From Holy Thonday 
to LatuQUM, 14,000 yean. On the date ot the conMcratioti of the churah 14,000, and oaa- 
thinl reniiMton of (101. When llie Vemaclo wai shown, 3.000 yeara to Itumaui, 11,000 to 
other people, 12,000 to thoee that croa the »ea to go on piti^iinage to Rome. Aceording 
to Buoallai, thero wai, on the (woaiion of the jabilee of ItSO, plenary reminion of all un 
for penitent* wbo lUyed in Rome for at leait fifteen daya, and visited every day the four 
Cburchea of a Peter, H. Paul, S. John Lateran, and S. Uary Majur i,// GiAitti, delV onao 
(onto 1«0, Archiv. SI. Pal.. 1881, vol. i», Cawi. iv, p. 643). 

* S8. Proceaao* and Martioianai are believed to have been baptiied by S. Peter in the 
Hanwrtine prlaon. on which oocaaion a ipriag mlraculoualy aj^ieared in the flour of the 
prison for the pmpoM of the til*. S. Oregory apealu of their martyrdoan iu Horn. 82, n. 7. 
There waa a ehumh of thnr name oataide the Purta Aarelia, and S. Loeina founded a 
cemetery under it. Their remaiiu were at Gnt Md to real in thu place ; bat, onder 



u 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 65 

' hem a fay? schete & large aud a clene niid woud yis scliete a boute him 

1^ vbil be hing on )>e croFse, anil body Ecbete and al \)ei took dowa But 

fc / whan yei schukl Itj him id \v graue el ye echap of his body wob impreaaid f. S77 r 

ft in jw cloth. NtchodemiM kept ]:^b cloth and ded poynt a noptr afttr 

^ |>at figu? woud it up and kept it with dpir relikes, |)at is to sey a orowet with 

I )>e blood of ou? lord, on of J)e nnjlee, part of Jjc crowne of Jrorn, pe spongo 

f and mech o]iir |?in|];. And ))iB oriK>n folowyng seid he eu«ry day in pregena 

r of (WM relikeB. Ecoe agnua dei ecce qui tollit p«cco(a mundi ecce detia 

f, uiuorum & mortuorum ecce uita uiaenciam snlua omnium credencium que»t 

I BdoraiQua quem glorificam«g cni benedicimiM & dominum patrem omnipoten- 

I tetn & fliium cum apin'tu aco laudaiuus & sup«rexaltatnu# in eccula. Adintor 

I & protector 4 defensor ais michi domine beuigniaBime & rortciigaitne & 

miBericordiasime. Thia same geruaCc apekith of an otbir figure of ou? lord Jut 

waa in a cyte Jjei clepe edi^ sa and fie grete atory wliech is cleped eccfaiaBtica 

hiatoria berith witn^asu of pa aame. The processe ia ^ia. A kyog of ^at 

same citecleped ahgama ueitd with grete eeknesEe sent to ou? lord iliu to 

ierim deairing to ae his pcrsone deairiug eke ^ut he Bchuld cure him of 

certeyn greuoua sekneiee. Ou? lord wrote on to him a lettir in whecb 

he sejde JDat ^e kyng was bleasid for to be leue in him whom he liad uowt 

seyn. He wrote fet)j«-mo? fj»t he must fulfill (lat dispeiiBaciou for whech 

he was sent but aftir hie delh he be hith him for to send on of hia disciples 

wliech Bchuld leme him |Je trew feylh. And as touchyng sith of his persoiie 

he Bent him a cloth in whech was depeynted ]ie ymage of ouf sauyou?. And 

oa it is wrytyn in pe croniclea of pe cyte ou? lord leyd him aeluo naked on 

pe cloth in whech al hia body waa meruuloualj merkid and ^t same cloth ia 

Bchewid euery esterne day, in wbech pe ymage apperith in dyuers formeii, fw 

first hou? of p0 day it semoth a child of uii jere age, pe aecuud ou? xiitl jere 

age, |>e iii oure xx jere, and last ou? in swecb age as he suffered passion for 

a>. All }na is teid undir auctorite of geruase. There be alsoo in seynt 

pi'tir cherch xii pileres atundyng next \ie aute? whei:h as we seide be fore 

were caricd fro ierini & on ich of pete pileres ttood sum tyme an ymage lich 

to on of |?e Qpostflcs of siluyr and gold but \)e tyrauntes }mt haue conquered 

rome bore a wey }^at rycbcsae. On pert ia a mongis aH moost pncioua of poo 

pilerea wbech is barred a boute with ymn and what uertu it liath and wlu 

it hath swech ueitn is wrytyn pete in latyn in hard mnrbiH |>e sentens of 

^at writing ia trafislat« here in eiigUech. This ia ^e pilere on whech ou? 

lord ihu crist lened whaniS he prechid to pt puple and on whech he rested 

whaiin he prayed to f)e fader of heuene, whech pilere with othJr xi );at atande 

hei' a bonte were broot fro salamonea temple on to }>is nobel oherch, pe nertn 

fierof puttilh a wey / wikkid Bpirites fro men paX be uexid with hem A doth f, 8*8 r 




64 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



we Bpeke now.* Sunime men clepe it pe Btutnrf of crlst. Of pin Eame grete 
relik speliitli geruuaiua in his book yat he nmd de ociis imp«rialibuB. He 
seith ^re fiat )iia woman pal had )}ia audary in whech crist wipt his face 
whan he went to hia passioun was marlha whom he had cured eke fro fie flus 
of blood whech ache had suffered xii jere, and on uoluaianus frend on 
to tibery pe emperou? whan he herd aey at ierlm }wit Jjia woman had 
pie Bud&ry he caused hi? for to come to rome with the same sudary pai p» 
emprrour with eontemplacioun of pe face myth be hool of certejn seknesse 
))at he had. This waa do iu dede for a non as he soy pe face of ihu in fiat 
Budary he waa bool. The woman tcld bim pe mane? pleynly who ache cam 
be )}is ligure. Sche saide a litil he fore p« psssiouft ache undii-slood weel 
partye he pe wordia of ou? lord partye be f>e conapiracioun of iewis pat ou? 
lord in achort tyme acbuld deye wberfo? sche ordeyned a fay? kerchy in 
whech sche ]xiut) ache wold haue dcpeynted pu face of ou? lord and as 
Bche went to seke pe poyutour ou? lord mette Itir and askid he? whidir 
sche went and sclio answerd and told him pe treutb. Tho ou? lord took pe 
kerchy and irapressid jJwin J>c likneaae of hia face whech was al disfugnred 
of colon? of labou? in prtching and faatyng and ojiir hardnesae whech he 
uaed. For ou? bokea sey }>at of swech penauna he eemed mech elde? ()aun 
be waa as may he seyu iu jonea gospel wher pe iewia auppoaed fiat be 
was L jere old whami he cam neuyr to xxsiiii. This same geruaae telllth 
of an ojjjr figure of ou? lord and alleggitb for bim a book i called geata 
de uultu lucano whech book ia not I trow in f>ia lond. Thia geruase aeith 
fiat whan ou? lord biiig naked ou pe croese joaepb ah aritnathia stood 
a mongia o^ir freudia of ibu and morued lich aa f>ei dede. And f>oo he seida 
on to ou? lady iiad o}>ir Jiat atood by. Tbia man he aeith fiat haugitli on pe 
tre he?, be may acy fiat he hath but febil frendis wban non of us hatb he? a 
cloth to hide with al hia nakidnesse. Tho sent f?ei with o consent and bowt 

Pascsl I, Ihfljf were Inuutated to S, Poter'*. Their Teut-di; it obnerved in many charche* 
in BoDia beaidel S. Fetar'* ; e«ped&l]; at S. Pielio in C*rcer«. The mouic kt thsir klUr 
bi Uie badlio repreMDl* Uieit auutyrdoin ; tlieoriginiil of tbe picture ia at the Quirias]. 
In Kme mutyrolf^ei they are aSBodiitei) with S. Fintuu (Stsdler, lltiligtnltxikoa ; 
Acta Sanetornm. July, vol. i, p. SOO). 

> The Gnt Diealitin of the Venude by name ii mwle by Nicholas IV in 1390, who 
•ay* : 'aui pretiocisrimi vnltu* luu^ineiD, qnun Veronicun GdeliaiD roi coBununia 
a{ip«Umt in ginguUrii unorie inngiie Iribuit Tenerui.' Some authoritiei derive the word 
from » corrupUoD of the wordi 'ven icon'. Olhen think that the nt-me of the nutrou of 
Jenmlem. who helped our Lord on Hii way to C»I»»ry, wu Bersnioe or Berooice ; wheooe 
the name Veronica. Her houM ia deeciibed aa 5S0 paces from thnt of Pilate, and on the 
left hkod of the pilgrim aa he goea towarda the Holy Srpulchre, The ao-called Qoapel of 
Nicudemui lir*t nientioDi the tradition tliat »he wae the woman cured of the flux of blood 
(Marie r. 2G). Bheia luppueed to have beta the wife of S. Amator, who again is believed 
to be identical with Zaccbaeua oT the New Teatament. They both fled from peraeaution to 
FlTMice. Har ume ia not found in the MarL Rom. (Stadler, UeitigenltxUion). 



i 



YE SOLACE OF PILORUIES 65 

Iiem B fajrp scliete n large and a clene and woud ]7is gcliete a Iwuta him 
wliil he hing on )» crofse, and body schete and al pel took dowa Bnt 
/ wliaii yei BchuKl ley him in Jje graue al ye echsp of hia body was iiii|ir£B9id f. B77 t 
in \>e cloth. Nicbodeinuj kept ]iia cloth and ded poynt a no)>ir aftir 
)>»t figu? woud it up and kept it with o))ir relikea, Jiat ia to sey a crowet with 
})e blood of ou? lord, on of {» nnyles, part of \)e crowne of )>oni, Jje sponge 
and mech ojjii- {ling. And )>iB orieon folowyng Bcid he eu#ry day in pr^eeoa 
of l^eBo relikeB. Ecce agnus dei ecce qui tollit peccala mundi ecce deua 
uiuoriitn & mortuoront ecce uita uiBenciom Bains omnium credencium queni 
adoramva qumt gIorificumv« cni b«n«dicimus & domisum patrcm omnipoten- 
tem & lilium cum BpiWfu sco laudamua & Bnp«rcxaltamu# in secula. Adiutor 
& protestor & defenHor eia michi domtne beoigniB^ime & FanclisBime & 
mifiericordiBsime. This same geniasespekilh of an othir figure of ou? lord Jjat 
was in a cyte ]?ei clepe ediesa and \ie grete story whecb is cleped eccI««iaBt!ca 
hJstoria berith witnesae of ]v saiae. The procesBe is |iis. A kyng of t>at 
same cite cleped abgarus uexid with grete sekueEfe sent to ou? lord ihu to 
ierim desiring to se his pfrsone deairing eke ^at he echuld cure him of 
certeyn greuous aeknesae. Ou? lord wrote on to hiin a lettir in whecb 
he eeyde )mt \>b kyng was bltssid for to be leuc in hint whom be had nowt 
Beyn. Ho wrote fer^n'nio? )iat he must fulfill ^at diepeitsacion for whech 
be was sent but aftlr liie detb he be hith him for to send on of his disciples 
wbech scbald leme him ]>e trew feyth. And aa touchyng t^itb of bis jimoiie 
be sent him a cloth in wbech wae depeyuled )» ymage of ou? sauyou?. And 
as it ia wrytyn in [» croniolcB of ]>e cyte ou? lord leyd him aelue naked on 
\>e clutb in whech a] his body was meruelously merkid and )iat same cloth ia 
Bchewid euffj eeterne day, in whech ^ ymage apperith in dyuera formes, \)e 
first bou? of )>e day it semeth n child of uii jere age. pe secund ou? xiiii jere 
age, pe iii ouro xz jerc, and last ou? in awech age aa he aufTeied passion for 
na. AH Jna is said nndir aactorite of gemase. There be alsoo in aeynt 
petir cherch xii pilerea st^ndyng next po ante? wbe<;h as we seide be fore 
were caried &o ierlm & on ich of peae pileres Ktood aum tyme an ymnge lich 
to on of pe apoBttles of ailoyr and gold but pe tyrauntea f>at haue conquered 
rome bore a wey ()at rychcsse. Ou pert is a mongis aH moost precious of }w) 
pileres whecb is barred a boute with yrun and what uertn it hath and whi 
it bath awech ueitn ia wrytyn f>ere in latyn in hard marbiH pe senteng of 
^at writing is translate here in eugliEch. This is pe pilere on whecb ou? 
lord ih& crist lened whoniS he prechid to pe puple and on wbech he rested 
wbann he prayed to pe fader of heuene, wbech pilere with otiiir xi ^at itanda 
be? a boate were bront fro ealamones temple on to J>is uobel cherch, ^ uertn 
perot pnttith a wey / vikkid spirites fro men pai be nexid with hem ft doth f. S7S r 



66 YE SOLACE OF PILGRUIES 

mmny o]>ir miracles.' A litil fro ^eac pileres is an aiitere of white marbil | 
in )>e mjddia b fuyre porphiri itoo mo? fiuin a Bopfraltari. This seDtem i| 
writen ]>ert in latyn. Upon )>is porphiri rton were weyed ()c bones of J>e 
holy apost«IeB petir and paate & departed be seyiit siluester \<e pope * ]>e 
jere of on? lord lii hondred and x'lx whann Jhb cherch was mad. Many ofir 
t^ingia be [7e? at eeynt petres bat \itaa be meet fiunonse. 



O seynt paales chercli ' raplm ii 
Now of pe cbcruh of sejnt paole wil we speke wbech slant in pe sonth 
side of rome a myle cute fro pe jate whech 1^1 culled in old tyme porfa 
capenn now is it clepid pnrta sci pauli. It is fro sej-nt petir cberch to seynt 
piinles cberch iii myle. je schul undirstand ^nt in pe cfaerch of seynt petir 
or secalere chnnones and in pe cherch of seynt panle moukia of seynt 
benedictis ord?. This same cherch of seyut paule is large ny of schap to 
seynt petres with a body and iiii eles saue in length it hath too pileres lesse 
in ea*ry rowe for seynt* hath iiii sco? and uiii in al and pis bath but iiii 
r cherch stant in to }ie west and pe aute? of 
pe est. Therfor sum pilgn'mes be p'' kiiowe 
inKriptioD on the colomn. Our aatbor cumot hava 
■riptinn w&s then >bout ten ;ean old. 
HEC E ILtU COLCsA I QUA BASILICE. HlC LOCATA 

DN8 HK TB'OS XPS APPO FUIT. 

DIATL'B. DUM FOPITLO P 
BESICABAT. ET DEO PRI B 
CES I TEIIPLO EFFUNDK 
BAT. ADHBKSKDO ETABAT. 
QUB PNA CC ALUS CKD 
EC] HIO CIRCCSTANTIBUS 
DE EALAMOKIS TEHP1.0 



Ecore. The aoter of seynt petir 
aeynt jiaule cherch stant in 



IN 



HUI 



AB niHUNDlS fiPIBlTlBUS TE 
ZATOB LIBEEOS BEDDIDIT, ET 
MULTA MIKAC'LA COTID 
lEFAClT: P HBTERENDISBIM 
PBEH ET DOMIND DND' 
CABS. DB UBSIMia OK 
NATA : ASKO DOUUit 

M cccc XIX vni. 

'u founded, KoooHing to U«ditiim, by 



• The more andent BuUio of S. Pad 
Anaolctai; it wu enl^rj^ bj CotutMiUDe. and atands aver the tumb of the Apostle, 
which WW Id the Cktacambe of Lucina. The Becoad church, in which the orientation of 
the fonner building «M revened, WM oommsDcMi by Vftleotinian II, Theododiu, and 
Amdiui ; it wh completei) bj Honorius iii 395, reatin^ b; Leo the Great in the fifth, 
by Euaebiui In the nxtb, >nd by Leo 1I[ in the eighth centur]'. After it< desecration bj 
Buacen invadera. JohnVlII repaired the ohnrcb, Borrounded it with  fortitied wall, anil 
piTe It the name of Jobannopolin. Other workn were curied out by Hildebrand 
(Grtgoij VII), wb«e name wm engraved on the bronie doors. Honoriui III decotat*! 
the qwe with moeaicj, and many other pontilTi repaired and beautiSed the church. Th« 
Uattoearry out important worke therein wat Benedict XI T, but it was destroyed by the 
diuitiDiu fire of the year 1S2S, and the work of reetoration, which ii under the char^fe 
of tho Il^an Qoverament, ha* not u yet been completed, though it ii well advanoed. 

* ' petir 1 ' in margin of MS. The real of the addi^on oat off for purpose of landing. 



TE SOLACE OF PILOEIMES 

)w came whi men go io at ]>e wet ende of Ee^nt paules, for \>t redit? weye 
ia for to «nt? be ]>t north side, Tlie chobc wlii |«x> men })at kuowe J» place 
enter be ]» west aide is ]iis, for aftir tyme ))at Bcynt paules heed was smet 
of too niyle (lens it was caried and hid \>fr» \m west dore is now and aftir' 
ward founde and kepie witli grcte reuereiice. And in worchip of |>at heed 
who so euyr enter he ]v,t do? he h&th eu^ry day xxuiii jcre of indnlgeits with 
remiBsioun of ]>e yirde part of his synnes. In j)e feste of seynt panle ia 
grauntcd a ml ^cre. In his conueicioun a c jere. In ]>e feste of innoccutia 
xl je?. In pe dedicacoun of ^ cherch whech is )>c octnoe dsiy of ^eint 
nitti-tyn nil mi jore ft ]>e |jird part remissioun. Eusry aunday of J^e jero 
hath & man pere as mech pardon as pow he went to seynt iamea in gales.' 
This lond whe? pie cherch stant and pe abbey with all he? comoditees was ' 
Bumlyme cteped ortua lacille in engliBch it meneth pe gardejTie of lucille. 
This lucilla was a rich woman and an holy whech spent hir good in counu 
fortijig of martirea in her paaBiones and in byiying of he? hodiea aflir her 
(teth. Also in pe cherch of seynt paule be twix ^o hye autei' and pe auttP 
of seyni henedict is a ful fay? ymuge of crIst lianging ou pe crosse whecli 
ymage Bpak certeyn wordes ou to seynt hryde whecli tyme fche lay jwre in 
coiitempiaciou and pe same atou |?at ache rested on at )>at lyme is )iere closed 
in ft /grate. Eke in pe sacriatie iniiy a man see pe same bible fmt was leynt f. S78t 
ieromea, and as eumnie eey )>erc he wrote it him selue. A rayi* book Ib it 
and a large and ftil wul arayed.* 



Of }<e cherch of seint sebastiaun.* iij. 

The cherch of seyut Sebastian atant to myle fro «eyut i>aules also oute of 

^ wallis of rome a grete myle for we enter in to romo a geyn whan we baiie 

 Inbho^forVnuo/aiMM, E.E. Text Society, 1867, p- 4. the iniliilgriiceiareMftillowi: 
on the Fetlivol of hia CiDTereioB tOO yean, an S. Paul'* Da; 1,000 j'eari, on ChililsmiHM 
Da; 4,000 yean ; and, for a whole year'i Snnilaya, aa much panlon aa for  pilgrimage to 

* The great A leaiu Bible al S. I'aul'i is of Ibe ninth century : il ia a gnot\ ctipy of thfl 
reosniion maile for Charlemagnu b; Alcnin, and prraented to the emperor al Chrlitmai, 800. 
Bitbop Orantluon, of Eiet«r, in the fourteenth century, had all the Biblei of hii diooeae 
eurrected by a copy of thli Bible at 8, Faiil'ii. It ia JerDmti'a only in the ndh that It it 
hi* teeaidnn of (he Vulgate. 

 TbeBanlieaof8.S«baati*n wai erected in the fourtli ceatary, in honour of 3S. Peter 
and Panl, and irai then knoim a* the BatiUta Apnttoloram, Below the amfatio of the 
bnilitiog waj the PUilimia, where the remain* of the Apoetlea were laid for aecurity during 
the troabled period of the peneculiooa. Ths church appear* to have cooiiatcd of a na>e 
and two aiilei, teparaled hj cotunini, with an ap«e ; behind the apae was a motrennm. 
It wai frequently reatored during the Middle Agea, but waa completely recaiulrucl«l in 
ill preaent form by Oanlinal Borgbeaa in tbo aoTaDtMBth oeotiuy. Ptacticallj, but IHtle 
ottlM(^biiildiiixcaanawbe>oen(AnDelliDl.p.7U; Hibby,p.701; Hcniocbi, p. 188). 



68 YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 

do ou? IrTmu? |>ere be n jate J)ei elepe porta amiin. In jjts chercb lilli [>e 
holy popo eeynt fnbiane ]>at wns choeen to ))at dijjiiite be a grete myracle for 
ft dowe cam Bodeynly anJ rested on bis lieed. It was he pa-t ordeyned 
notaries in rome for to write f>e doth of marlires whech we? killid (ler^ for 
cristiB cause. This man lith in \^ hye uute? ))at staut a lioue.' There ia 
a no})ir aute? bo netlie as wc come oule fro )>e oymytery whecli is deped 
kalisti aud in |^at auter lith )>e holy martir called Bebaetiane. This aute? 
is bald on of \>e holy places of rome.' For at ^ia ante? sang eeynt gregori 
and an aangeH mynislered at his messe whecli aungelt for fie mooat party 
of ]mt messe stood on a white at«n ^at lith }>ere jet and it is hald in fill 
grete reu«rens. The aongel) seid )>eac wordis as it is writyn Ipere. In loco 
* iflto est uera promiB8io& peccatoi'W'i rembalo splendor & lux ptfrpetua ao 
sine line leticta quam promeruit ipl niartir aebastianu^. That is to sey 
in ongliscli. In jiis place is }>e uery behest & remission of all eynnea 
Bcbynyng and lith euyr lastyng jjorw ]>e mei'itiB of criatis martir Bebasliane. 
Also a boucn id \ie same chcrch be l^at dore ]'at goth to rome lith Bcint 
Btenene \>e pope a for an autef uiidir a ful? ston i grated with irun. This 
oberch hatb grete pardouK eu«ry day |)orw oate pe jere a m) )ere and in 
o Sunday in may reiniseion of all syimeB. The cymylery cle|)ed kalixti is 
undir pe cberch a caue or ellis a myne uudir \>e ground. It is neythir uery 
ston lie uery erde but ba twix both red of colou?. Many caues be \>ere aud 
stopped with stones Jiat men acbuld not erre in her weye saue too are left 

' S. Fabian luoceeded S. Anteroi in the Hoi; S«e in tbe jear 23S. Accordiiig to 
Eutebiua, bii election wu imBQimoue ; boouie, when the olergy ind the people were 
uiembled to chooae k Pop«, a dove MtUcil on hia liead ; thU wu aocepled i* > minwuloua 
■ign. But we know tittle ceitiun about him. EiiwUua wji that he wiu of a good Roman 
family ; t)iat he wu the ninebeenth B'lahop of Rome, nnd reigned trt»a S3S to 2S1 ; other 
aathoritiea uy that be wu the twentj-flnt Pope, and only reined fourteen yean, 
periehing in the peneoutian of Deciua in 250. The lattur veniou is accepted by the 
Bollandiata u the more correct. He wm buried in the cetnetery of 8. Calliitua on the 
Ap|nnn Way, and the church o[ B, Sebutian wu erected over hia grave. 3. Cyprian ealla 
biin, in a letter to Pope Comeliaa, an inoooiparable man ; he is auJ to have b^tiied the 
Emperor PhUippua Araboa; he aent S. Denis to Gallia; and during bia pontificate, 
aeooiding to Grtsory of Tonn, the Churchet of Paria, Toura, Toulouse, Narboune, Arlea, 
Clermont, and limogn ware foanded (Stadler, Beitigenlgrikoit ; Acta Sanelorum, 
January, vol. ii, p. 353 1 Duchesne, Liber Ponlifiealin, vol. i, p. US). 

' 8. Sebastian waa bom at Narbonne ; hii family came origianlly from Milan, where 
hii jonth waa apent. He came to Rome about 3S3. He waa appointed officer in the 
Pretorian body-gnard ; it wu not known at tbe time that be wu a Chriatt&n. He uaed 
Ua oiffidai poaition to help hit fellow balisven u much u poeaible j amongst othpn, he 
waa able to be of aaaiatance to the Pope 3. Cw ui. Hia martynlam took place f n the reign 
of Diocletian and 3laiiaiiano>. Owing to the cars of a ploDi widow, Irene, be reooiered 
bom the woandi inflicted on him by the airowa; but he wu beaten to death in the 
orvDa, and hia body was thrown into the cloaca. It wu reooveied and buried, in 
iLe manner described by our cbronider (Stadlef, UtiiigrtiUxiho" ; Afta Sanelortim, 
Janoaiy, voL ii, p. 2St)). 



YE SOLACE OF riLGRIMES Q 

open of wbech ou ae ]m sei waa seyut petii' chapel. But if je bere lith i 



jour hand je se ritb oowt for it is dep u 



e ground. For wbai 



down on |>e o side of ^e cherch {rert be xxxii greces aud i trow rb many 
npward on Tpe opii side (M>r« 'pe aungct) minietred to sctnt grrgori at mease. 
The cymytery is Jjos long (mt if a man tary not in ]>b ehapcles but go ritb 
forth he schal walk it be {lauii] ho hath eaid iiii sitbes miserere mei dens. 
In )>ig place wer biried xlui popes* and ech of hem jane grete indulgence to 
\>e same place, Ther was seynt cecile biried alsoo hir memorial is ]>(Te }et • 
granen in white marbiH ful wel. The comoun opinion is pert of l^is place 
l^at who so euyr out of syiine uisite it pat is to Bcye clene schreue and / con- f. 370 
trite he is aeaoiled as cleue as a man may be be power of pe chcrcb. This 
cymytery was mad be calixte pe pope* perlor it bereth his name, He mnd 
it as }>ei sey for too canses on is {wt pe licdes or ellis pe popeg * of pa cherch 
schuld dwelle Jjere secrefly fro perel of tirauntia for it wiis nfc^carie )5at |jei 
Bchuld leue lenge? to confirmacioun of hem |?at were neopbites. An oj^ir 
oause |5ei sei he had for he desired for to byry m&rtirea Jiat deied for ciistis 
sake and for he myth not doo Jjib openly perfoi be ordeyned pU prtuy place.' 
Be side Jiis cbercb is a grete hous whecb {^i clepe cathacumltas )iis same 
outacunibas is a memelouB name for it is not eiipowued in ou? latyiie bokea 
ne non oipc grnmaiioiiCB touch [lis word ]>ub compowned. Tlic simples (»i 
Bi>eke of as of caia whech sounikth as jiei wrj-te }>at cata is a boue or ellia 
cata 18 al and cumbo or ellis cumbas Jici sey J;at ))ia ia lowe or ellis dep so 
^ia word soundith all lowe or elles al dep and in nery aikirnesse ))is eama 
bous is dt'p in j'e erde am) was euiiityme a grete pilte for we go down y«rtoo 
on xJtuiii greces. Summe men sey ))at is was |3e pnrgaciouu of aH yssewes 
of pe boelieres })at dwelt ]'ere for pert be jet many walHs on whecb stood ful 
Bolempne houses wbech houses we? a bocbery suratyme to rome and in Jiis 
place as )>ei sey were petir and panle ^rowe rith for despite. Tlits tale in 
partie is aotb and in partie not for fiat it was a mocclle called in ou? tonge 
a bocbery J^at is soth and Jiat )Jei were pmvre jiere of Jjoo men ))at kilHd hem 
for despite J-at ia not aoti. Therfop wil wo dccUre on to jon pe, trewth of 
J'is mate?. Petir and poule auflered her passion at rome pe hist jere of nero 
both at tymo w gelasius pe jiope ' writith. Petir was kilHd in uia aiirea 
and Jwre byried in a place whech f>ei clepe uaticaiit/j wbech place is now 

' S.C*lUxtiiBlwMpopafroin210to332. Some ftutborities, howtver, give 317 udaiS 
•■ tbs (Ute of ^ia election. He appenn to bava b«eB bom kt Rarcnna, mud In hava 
Monged tu the faniilj at Doiiiiciaii. He fuDudad the cemetary on tlw Via Appia which 
baaii hi* Dame. He was martyi«d during the reign of Alexander 9e»Bra» ; probably not 
by bii orden, »» the eniiMrur ji aaid to haTe had a nrm penonal regard for him. Ha 
wa« btuied in the cemetery of Kalepodiui on the Via AurelU ; liU loUoa real In the 
ahoroh of S. Maria TmiUivere (Sladlar, HeiligmlexHoH ; Jcta BancloTim, OcU>ber, 
vol. vi, p. 401 ; Ducheme, Liber Pontifleatu, vol. i, p. 141), 



1 C*>M«J. » 1^ / 



70 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

ioyned on to aeynt petif cberoii ' and it was clepiil so for pe pretlis of fx) 
hcthen lawe hud ]iere certeyu reuelacioncs ae pel seide t>o wliecli |>ei prct- 
phecved oa to J>6 puplo. For untes is a propliete and CHiiua ia as mech to 
eej ill p&t touge as eitle so ioyiied to gidir ^is place Boundith in oure tong« 
a plaoe of elde prophecye. Aud ]iat {its place stood uia nuieu or aurelia ae 
it is clepcd sumtyme witnessith \ie legeude of seynt panurace. Now was 
paule ded u myle fro ]>»,t place uia hoBtieoBi where a chapelle with iii welleg 
fitaiit jet fast bi scala cell and ]>ere biried and so ley Jti many jeres on to fe 
tyme of corncly pe pope * whech was ]>e xxi pope * fro pttir for in bb tyine 
]w grekis fat dwelle at Constantinople hauyjig euuie f>at fe cbercb of romo 
Bchnld be mo? in houou? fan hef cherch & considering fat fese bodies of 
petir and paule biried at rome were n grete cause of accesse of pilgnuies fnl 
sotilly fei com to romo and witb grctc curiosite stole fese bodies with entent 
to be? hem to hostie and bo forth to fe ae. Aud wban fei we? goyng J^o 
» Bpi/ritis fat were in ydolis cont-treyned bo fe grele powe? of ou? loid cried 
with a loude uoys help men help fur ellis jonr goddis scliul be stole. The 
crist^n men undiratood f is of fo bodies of petir and paule, fe hetben men 
undirstood it of be? maumeutis, and so with o consent fei pnrsewid fe 
grekis, and ' sey fe grekis fei f lewe f e bodies in f is pitte and fere lay fei 
as eumme cronicles sey Isit jere. Martines cronicle seith fat fei were frowe 
fere in Cornelius tjme and lift up eke iu fe same popes tyme and translate 
to fo places fef« fei ly now at instans of a blessid woman calhd sumtyme 

* Thii putage it iuterealing, lu it ihowi UiaC in the fifteenth aeaturjr the Bite of Ibv 
mnrtjTdom of S. Peter wu believed b; sume to be near the Bnsilica of S. Peter, and not 
on the Janknliim kl 3. Peter in MonUirio. For  full discuMian of thii subject >aa 
lecture by Conun. Piof. 0. Maruechi, publiibed in the Joaraal oj the J'roaeed(ngi of Iht 
BriHth and American Arehatologieal Sotitts/. The modern error, which fiiei the site nt 
8. Pietro in Uontorin, appear* to have crejit in soiDewhere about thii period ', U50), fur 
whioh He In diaem BUdiUn iM gcKAryben wk Bom con eri' gtbnuel, &o., Straasbarg, 
1500, p. O ii t: 'Ea iit it taut peter in iDontorio iit ein clOiter dei ordena wate 
fianciad and hallen di olMervani | nff der nlben atat die kircb lygt dn la gemartert 
wordeia uiul giecrefitnget aant peter der iwetftpot | da ia groii genad and ablaaa.' 
Muflel's account ia jntereating. h it alao abova that in 1452 the alte of S. Pietro 
in Montorio naa, by some, held to be the true one. He saya that, after pnrting with 
S, Paul, ' land Peler vard wjder in kerker gcfSrt, nod on einem andern tag gelireutiitft 
aaf einem perg awiaohen den iwejen nodellen'(nttdel = py™nid) 'dyo do aten eiiie in der 
■nanr, do aand Pnulua tbor hinauf get and Romulas und Bemua auf b^mben ligen , . . 
nnd iwiachen der anderen nodelen, die dn ateht iwiachen der Tyber prucken und aand 
Peter ' (p. 2ti). Again, in speaking of the Chnnh of S. Pietro in Montorio, tou Harif 
aay*;  Ulfdaaer >tat iagemarlelt ind gecriiciget woirdeniijnt Peter apottel * {Fi\gf.tf,ihrt 
in dn Jairen 1496 9, p. 30, Dr. E. von Gniote, Coin, 1860). The Church of S. Pietro in 
Montorio ia ancient, and ia mentioned in the ninth centDr; l>7 Agnella in the Hbtr 
ronlifiealit of Ravenna. Siitua IV beatowcd the church upon tJie Franciaouie in 14'2, 
and Ferdinand and taabella einplajed Pontelli, the architeet of Ifae Palauo Teneiia, to 
rebuild it <AnneUin>, p. 6G1; Maroochi, p. ISO; Nibby, p, 687; Urlichs, Coii. Tvp-g., 
p. 1?1). ' ' pat ' in uuuBia of Ma 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMF.S 71 

lucitla an<l snmtyme laciiiti. Olhir croniclea aey ^at ]»i were tianslnte fro 
fwt place long aftir fat tjtne for siluestw was J>e nii pope fro cornely whech 
weyid hem and departed hem as it is writyn in marliil openly in aeynt petir 
clierch. Swech contradiccioun ia alday in cronicles but for l>e cause it 
touchith not ))e articles of oure feith })erfor may men cheEe wlial pnrty 
|>.i wil. 



Of ]je cherch lateranensiV cap iiii. 
The cherch clepid lat«raneiifiiD ie a ful solempne place and many dyoM^ 
housea be |>eriii with dyuera relikes* First whan we come fro sebaatianes 
we entre a houa cleped aeynt gregoryea librarie for )?ere as )>ei aey mad he 
^e moat part of liie bokis in token pt,t it ia so, niech of his lif i« jet 
depoyntod on ]Je wallifi. A no|jir Util chapel is by and on )ie aute? stand 
to elde piteria of stou whech pileres pei sey stood in p&t couclaue at Nazareth 
whe? gabriel told ou? lady |mo first beaenely tydyngis. And In uery aoth 
a ymage of on? lady ia ou pe o pile? and a )Taage of gabriel on pe o)>ir of 
fal elde picture. Than go we in to j)e baptistery. The baptistery is a grete 
hie round houe in whech constantyn was baptized and many oj^ir houses 
hangen \>eroa as sebal be declared aftirward, In pe myddia of )>is boua 
stand uiti grete pileres of porphiri stou be twix wbech was pt uessel sette 
in whech be was waschid. On pe rith hand as we come in is a houa grated 
with tymbir where |je conk atant Jiuh pel clepe it Jie uesael of his baptem of 
whech conk we mad a spect'al declaracion in )>e first part be fore pe xxiii 
cliapetre. Next fiat houa is a Util chapel halowid in pe worchip of aeynt 
ion baptist in whech no woman entreth and fcrc as ))ei sey ia plene? 
remisaioun tociens quociens of pe gruuiit of seijit ailuester women haue pe 

' Tbe cburch oF 8. Joha Lklcntn ocoaplei put of the dte of the fkUiily pklace of the 
Lktenni. At the tinie of ConcUntine it was iiuperiiO propcrlj, and u uud to hav* been 
OOntnTeil by him upon S. SilTOiter *■ aa epltoopal mideUM. Tli« emperor foundal tha 
bMiUat, and from thia tims the Patriarelkiim, u it wa« called, wa« the ordinary reeideiice 
or the Pope*. The baailica waa deitroyed hj no earthquake, or by fire, and ma rebuilt by 
Sergiiu in (e04-Il). Innocent IV embe[llshed it, and Boninwe VIII, In the yoar of 
hia jubilee, deooratail it iu>gnilic«ntly. Two oiitbreain-of fire. In 1S07 and 1S61, caiued 
great damage, which waa repaired by Clement V, Innooeiit VI. and Urban V ; the last 
named Knt fundi from ArigTinn. On the return of the Poptia to Rome, the building wa* 
founil to be in a ruinous oandlLion; it waa lubeeqaently entirely renovated by Clement VII, 
Innocent X, and Clement XII. 

* Moffel give* a very earefnl ileHiription of the Lateran, and Myi that the indulgenetf, 
when the hende of US. Peter and Paul are ihown, are the lame ai when tbe Vemaale ig 
afaown at 8. Pst«r'*: i.e. 7,000 yean fv Homaua, 10,000 for other Italian*, and 14.000 
you* (or Ihnae who come from acrou the monDtainiL Ha alao nientiona the Ux rrgia, 
which Cola di Rleoio hung up in the chorch : ' Item oeben an der eeal «tat dor iwelf 
tafel sine von mewing, dorln die reoht geichriben (lend die dan Komem von Athenii 
geechickl wnrden do Rom aurxi jargeatanden wai' (pp. 10-11). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 

Bame if )»! go on pilgrimage &nil touch l^e <lore. Thao next is a gretti 1 
chapeH and an offering on to an ymage of ou? lady ^e special olferingis b» J 
ringia of gold or of siluer and ^erfor is }>at ymage cleped Sua maria de anulccj 
'pat ia to sey iu englisch Seyu mary of ]>e ring. "Who )iat ):>ia offering c 
t 380 r /in use first is writyn Jwre in a table ritli tlius. f. There was autntynie in rome 
a rich man wheoh had on to his wyf a woman both ' and good. This man 
loued be side his wyf a woman of uicious condicionis and ^ei to spent gi'ete 
good in riot and niclous lyuyng. The wif |)at was good of lyf had ph 
condlciouH I'nt ones or twyes in pe wake Bche wold walk to Beynt ion | 
lat'ranense and 8|iecial deuocioun wold sche sey he fo? ^is ymage |>at is id | 
worchip of ou? lady. The uicioos woman perceyued weel J)at al pe louo of ] 
pQ liusbond was go fro p<t wif and ful onkendly com to hi?, detracted pe wif I 
iu his presens and aeid }iat sche nsed pe same onclenneBse whech he used I 
and prouyd Jiis be grele absens fro liir owne hous ones or twies in pe weke. 
The man leued not [icse tales. Tho l^ia wikkid woman went to a nygro- | 
maftcer and ccnnpelled a, dampned spirit to stele pe ring p^ jiis | 
was weddid with and l>e him selue appe? lich a jong man weryng }>is ring. 
And whan pe busbond sey al )jis a non he liastid homward al (lat he mytk \ 
in purpoB for to sle his innocent wif for to ))is entent wroate pe foreeid 
wikkid woman al Jiis malicious werk. And fan pe wif prayed oure lady for 
ache coude not fynde pe ryng whech he bad bir seke and be grete rayracle 
pe ryng was brout a gayn and aH J:e fraude of pe fend parceyued, Jw busbond 
eke coouerted fro his' and pis same ia jet a gret offeryug in rome in special 
of ryngis.* In }>at same cbapel is a no^ir fay? bona in whecb pel seye 
constantine held bia councell with his lordis and pore ataut jet partie of his 
tribunal. Be side (>is is a chapeH and be pe i}oi stant a pile? of marbill 
scarce a metjcrd by be twiz whech pile? and pe wal is a litil ppace and iu 
pat apace on of })e popes* clepid gregurie condempued bim selue to prison 
but aftirward he was delyu«i-yd be miracle and on *f ia pile? stood sumtyme 
a crucifixe whech men kissed with grete deuocioun. So happed it ]}at 
a gentil woman cam for to kiase fis crucifixe and sey anoj'ir old po? woman 
kisse pe same. And as of dedignacioun wbnu ache wold baue wipte pe 
crucifixe al sodeyuly it fled fro )}at place up to a wal and mo? ])an fou? 
fadom by hing stiUe and jet it bangith in teatimonie of pe miracle.* Afti^^ 

* ' bkji' in DULrgin of MS, * ' wi ' (I wUh, will) in nutrgin of U 
' ' In , . . ij Miother clupel, wbereia is punted an image of our Lady, Ibat, upon Uia I 

offering of ft ring by a certain womui, itretched forth her haad, and drew to her the ring, I 
when it yet appeareth upon the Enger in the picture' (NichoU, MarvtU of Borne, I 
p. 183, tranaUtiaa of Codex Vaticanua 43CS), 

* finiHieAIin.ftc.StiuibDrg.lCOO.KiTeiaiiniilaiaaxinDtof thlamiraele. See al 
KnocUai, H OiahiUo dtW hhmo nulo U60, Arehlv. SI. Pat, 1881, vol. iv, fa^;, iv, p. fiSS. J 



TE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 73 

uiHitacioDn of \>9se pliices we entre in to ^« grete chercb whecli was ]>e firat 
J«t euyr wob bilid in ciiiitenUuni and euene ouyr Jie aute? on }>e wal is (» 
face of our sauiou? wliech nppered on to all |;e puple of roine uUiljile Jw 
aame day {lat Beynt sjIneBter lialowid )>e chercb. And as J;e elde atorieB sey 
it was neuyr mad witli mnniieB hand but Bodtyuly fius it appcred. A fayre 
figure it ia aud biilh of oolou? brown and red and largo eke- Thau turne 
we dowu iu to t>e chercb /and kisse a grete auter ouyr wbecb auter bo |je f. 580 t 
hedes of petir and paule wbech be schewid ofte aith in pe weke be fo? eBtem 
openly on to pe puple.' The bed of petjr is a brood face with niech he? on 
liis berd and }»it iB of grey colon? be twix whit and blak. The bed of paole 
IB a long face balled with red he? botlj berd and bed. On eitbir side of yia 
aotef Btand too grete pilereB of braese bol ful of aeyntCB boiiea. Snmme 
men eej ^at )>oo wp7 ]>e pileies ^at hiram mad to ealanion as ^ )>irde book 
of kyiigia make mynde but Jiis be leue I nowt for )>at descripciouji whech is 
mad in ]>e book of regum nccordith rith nowt with |m scbap of ]>^ee pileres. 
Ia ]« iittir ende of J» chercb fer^icst fro J^is sute? ia a cliapell in wheob be 
many relikis. The? ia ^e arke of };e c!d testament with \ie tables [^e rodde 
fut floured & j)e uessel of gold with manna. Tlie? is Jje bord on whech cHst 
mad hia maunde, ]m jerd of moyees, of )« n loues and of J^e too fischis pat 
left at criatiB feat, |jo cote of ou? lord whech ou? lady mad, part of ou? 
ladicB kerchi, part liir he?, |:ie lied of z:ikaric jou bnptibt fader, of pe blood 
and of pe aschis of seynt jon baptist body, pe bed of seiut pancraoe,' pe 
schuldir of seynt laurens, pe cote of seynt jon enangetist wilh whech he 
reysid iii dede men. p« cuppe in whech be drank uennm, pe chene with 
wbecb he was teyid in epbese ft many o)'ir )iingi*«. Now go we upward in 
to pe cherch a geyn and entren in to a cloistir whech leditb in to J>e grel« 
halle where pe g«nmi] coanceli be bulden whech tyme )<ei be at rome. At pt 
liey des of ph halle ii a fnl fayre marbil ston so cured a boue with bord pa,t 

' Montaigne alio taw tho lieuli of tlie Apoatltw wb«n be traTelloil in IUIt, and 
dncribeg them tims : ' L« reiUe cle Puquei je vi« L S, Jenn de Lklran, let cbeti S. Pol 
et S. Pierre, qu'on y muntre, qui out encora leur cburnnre, teint et bu-be, comma a'ili 
Yivoient j S. Pierra, on viaagc bUnc un jieu longuet, la teint Ttrmei] * tirwit aur U wn- 
enin, ana barbe grin faurr^hue, ia taite conTerte d'nne mitre papale. S. Pul, ludr, la 
vinge Urge et pliia qru, la laile plui grnme, la barbe griie, eapcsaa' (JoiiTnat du 
Voynge rn llalie, ed. by Ani»n», Clltk di Caatallo, 1895), 

' S. Pancratiiu wan the onljr toa of weallby becthen parent! of Bjnnada, a town In 
Iha north of Phrygta lalittari: On tbe death of bi< father he went wiUi bit ddcIb 
Dionyaiua to Borne, where they lived in a Urge bouae ou the Caelian Bill, lliey were 
both converted to the CbnatUn fiutb, in apfte of tbe peneculion which waa then nging. 
Tbe nnde fell 111, and died In peace ; but 8. pHierat, in iplte of hie yoath, wai WDtenoed 
tn death by the iwDrd. He Buffered martyTdom in the year 301, In tbe reign of Diocle- 
tian, on the Via Aoralia, and wai bnrled by the nobla matrun OistaTilU in the reraetery 
ofKalepodiDa (Stadler, BtiUgnltrHKm; Acta Batittt/nm, May, toL iii, p. 17), 



L ofKalepodiD* 



YE SOLACE OF HLORIMES 



iDL-u may kis^e it. On }>is ston stood scynt jon j^e eunngelist and precbid 
]?e feitli of ou? lord ou to domiciau einp^rou? and to |'e puple of rome. Aftir 
tiis eermone ou7 lord iliu appered on to him in sneuh fi^'ure as he went in 
erde and )>aiikid him for his eermone and bo eodeynly passed onte at pe ojiir 
ende of pe bulle no man wiat where. Thia uisioun canned popes* in elde 
tyme to graunte gret« indulgence to pia houa xl ;erc & xl Iciitonea. And 
be cause no man can telle uerily he whech do? criat went oute for pei be iii 
dores perfoT pilgWmes goo J>orw all iii dorcB.' Euene he fore |Joo dorea is 
a ful fayre houa open on to pn cart of laterspenae and selte hye op on 
a uoute in wheoh houB aeynt gre^ty precbid often on to |ra pnple. The 
desk of marbiJ slant ptre ;et on whecb he was wone to lene whnn he precliid. 
Than go we forth in a long pane of a cloyatir and pere lith a grete rou>id 
(ton or niarbil and fast by is depoynted a yniage of seynt jame. This ia ^e 
nery story of |)ese toknes as I lerued f>ere. Seyut jon pe euangeliat whan 
he was at rome had grete desire to speke with james his brojiir wheoh was 
r. 3B1 r }>at tyme in spayu at gales. This / same jon cried ont at pe wiiidowne and 
spnk on to aeint iame & iaroea answered him of certejn materis whech Jwi 
wold. This ^ing semeth impossible to mannes witte for JJC grete dtstaons 
of u or ui hundred m) le but to god is nu f^lng impossible whnu he >vill werk 
ony fling for bia seruauntei. A litil feithei' in }>at cloyster hang pe first 
bcllis put euyr wer mad." And forth in anof>ir pane of }>at cloyatir IB 
a chape) and pert slant pe cbaye? psX pe pope * is asaycd in whc^ir he be 
man or woma>( be cause pe obcrche was duceyued ones in a woman whecb 
deyid on processioun grete with child for a ymage is sette up in niemorie 
of bir as we go to lattraue bo for a litil place sumtyme a cherch as I suppose 
it BchulU be cleped tiluius pasloria.' Aftir yis chai»eli be a j>eyro greces 

 RittcT A. TOQ HsTfi'mantioiu the TkI tb»t pilgrimB go through >11 three doora. On 
p. 11 ho uji: ' Dae ateynt ouch ilrij uiijer portien beoeuen eya uidereren, weyss mui 
Tnil«r den drynceD nyel wyloh die rechte poetti aij, dnrumb geyt min durch Hij klle 
drij.' Me uIJb, thkt ha who doea tbii with devotion, all his mnt ire forgiven. He olio 
leUa lu, on p. 16, thftt in the church it  ilone, on which 5. Silveeter itood and preaohed 
to Couilkotine ; mnd thkt Do it »i« written the word* ; Auret aiidicneiata {PllynjfaMrt in 
lit* Jahm J*9fl-S ; Von Groote, Coin, 1800). 

* ' Item ippreno &1 detto laogo due cunpane oon molto gr&ndi Kama bntUglio che ai 
diae furono le prime ciunpuie cbe u h<:esuDO mai ui mondo' (Ruoellu, tl Giabilto del' 
raniui mnla 1450, ArcMt. St. i>a(., ISgl.vol. iv.fiK. iv, p. 571. See alw Muffel.p. 14). 

 Our chnmicler hki made the miitxke of onufiuiDg the very ancietit church of H. Pk*. 
lor with the liliUtit patlorit, the old luiiie of S. PudenzUna. S. Putot wm UMtr 
S. Cienicote ; It it mentioiied in the papen of the hospital of 8. Saltatore, in the year 
14G2, aa ' ecdaaia S. Putoria prope ii Clemeatem de qiut oon reatat uiid pan tribunke '. 
It appean to hare been attached to the Monastuj of S. Clemente ; fur, in a catalogue or 

* ehurchea of th» time of Pina V, it ii referred to as ' 8. Pastore deutro S. aemenle '. The 
calalogoe of Turin aaj* : 'EocleaiB S. Psatoria hibet unnm Baserdotem '. There ia now 
DO tTMM whataTBT of U ; and ArmalUiii, while admittiaj; thftt ha knowi of no historical 



i 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



75 



doirn in to )» cort of faii' white marbill as I baue mjnde now pert be eucne 
sxiiiii. Up on on of feae greces Btood ou? lord iliii be fore pilate whan ha 
VM dempt to )>e dctfa and not withBtanding ^t o gre is merkid for )>at 
Cftnse aa |iei aey jet )>e deaocion of pilgWmeB is not content ]Mrhj but pei 
knele up on alle and kiase all for uery sikinieBse. jet ahoue in )je cloistir 
be olfair iii chapellis of whech on in spfc/d is of grete aactorite )}ei clepe it 
^e chnpel of )>e saluatou? eke in p'lR cbapel enlreth neujr no woman.' The 
Btoi7 of J>at cbapel is writjn Jjore in grete deolaraciouii htre it schal be 
abreggid. Aftir ^e deth of ou? lord ihu ou? lady marj made grate laroenta' 
cioun for absens of hir son. ConsoWyon wold Bche con receyue bat if sehe 
myth haue a face lich hia face on whech ache myth loke eu«rj day. This 
mate? was comounned a motigM ]>e apostoles and jiia weye founde |win J^at 
eeynt lukc mubt make pis ymage. He wold not graufite hem to make it but 
ou A condicioun ]>e,t jiei ^cbulJ faat and prey iii dayea for hie good apeed. 
And in fiia mene while ]jis luke plaued a table of a palme tro in wbecb be 
|)ont for to make bia werk wbech table be sperd np pn'uyly )Kit no man 
Bchuld touch it. But whanji tyme cam pat he subuld werk be fonde a face 
redy mad whech uo matt coude amende. Tbia table was Bcbewid on to ou? 
lady and scbe bad bo grete plesauns perin put ache kissid it awetely and 

rtcord of the laiot, tbiaki tlut he belon^wl to (he early kpoetolic en in Rtyme. Mariic- 
chi, in hii artiole on S. Pudemiuut, thiuki that S. Putor wu the brother of Pope 
Pinal (142-57)- (Anrellini, p. 501; Miiruochi, p.365.) Adinuie uya that (be Iribuu 
of the charcb wu ituidiug Deer S. ClemeDte in 1462. Kegarding the legend of Popa 
Joan, be saya that Martinni PuloDiu U one of the eaitieet autbon to mention the 
Talile, which wae invented about the thirteenth century (vol. i, pp. 317-18; vol. ii, 
p. 79). The fable of Pope Joan i> alio mentioned bj Mutfel, p. 18. The place where 
the (tatue Btood which in the Middle Agn vae aappoied to record thi> erent wai 
near S. Clemente; it i> marked in the large m^> (in leotioD*^ at the end of De Rosai'i 
PiOBle itonografieht di Bona, with the woidi ' Logo dove partorl la papena '. Tbeni 
H Bome iotereeting information regarding the ttdet tlrmraria in NtohoU, Mamli o/ 
fiPmr, pp. 129-SO, notea 274 and 276. Fimilty. for a diHuHion of the whole aubjeet, ta 
ToiDsuetti'e able article in the Bulliltito Comnunale, 1607, p. B3, on La Slatua ittUi% 
Paptua Gioraniia. He attribute! the legend to three causes : (1) The rile of the ttila 
<(«™rorio, abandoned after the time of IrfoX; (2) the eiirtenoe of a etatne on the road- 
ude, which itatne he believee to bo that of Juno suckling HereulcB, In the Chiaramont* 
gallery of the Vatican Maieam ; and (3) the Hbandiming of this road for the proceanon of 
the ftoMuno. Thii change wai atttihuted to the eiiitenoe of thli itatue, round whiah the 
legend grew ; whereaa it waa. according to Tomaawtti, really due to the impraotteability 
of the road, nntjl it wai reopened by Sizlui V, who [■ alao believed to have removed tli* 
•tatoe to the Vatican. 

 ' Item a dice ebe S. Fiero vi diaae mecaa e che Sto Lorenio caclb il vangelo e Sto 
Vinoeniiu vl diaM la piitola alia predetla meaaa e che la delta cappeUa At ecnaacrala per 
Criito e per Sto I^ero. — Item it dice cbe in datta cappetla nan >< pub dire meeaa *e nan per 
la perwna del papa e che gli i piti che eanto anni cbe son vi si dive toai mcaaa nfc per lo 
papa nb per altri aalvc ohe U pasaato paps Nicbola i^ciinto vi feee dire meara a nno inc 
oappdlanor anno 1448 '(Ruoella), OiubiUo dtW annu innln 1460, AreAit. SI. I'al., ISKt, 

vol. iv, bao, i», p. (70). 

L 2 



76 



YE SOLACE OF PILGBIME8 



Beide ^eee wordis. This eame is lich my son. In bH hir lyf myth no man 
gete it fro fair but at hi? detli sclie )aue it on to eeynt jon euangelist, and 
fi-o him it was be left with polliearp his disciple and aftirwaid brout 
to rome. 



Of yat chercb cleped wiM crace.' cap ii. 

Now of |iat place whech is cleped aeynt enice wil we Bpeke and firet telle 
pe fundacion of fat place. Conslaiitinfi had a doutyr meruclously cured of 
Bcabhe at Jie grauc of seynt agnea as we Bchul trete mo? largely aftirward 
wban we Bpeke of seynt agnea. Thia conslaunce' ded mak f'ia cherch of 
f. 881 T Beynt cruce and pope * ailueBtf r / halowid it. In Jw hye uute? wliech ia 
a ful fay? conk ao clepe ]iei hoi ueasels of Bton in )»nt same conk ly pe 
bodiea of aeynt anaatase pe martir & cesari pe maitir* and )w< to ia graunted 
xl jere of pardon and aa many lentones. And in pe festia of ]%bc too martirca 

' The church of S. Crocs in GeniB&lemiDc wan founded by (ion itwi tine, in tlie fourth 
century, ia Falatio StsioriaHo ; vhich palace, in otusictl limee, wae near the gilacs 
qf public eiecutioQ, MwMOobi thinJu that S. Helena m»j have li»ed in the paUce, 
wbicb wu at that time joined to tho lAtsran, and tn the gardeiu ot the Edquiline. The 
church naa fonnerty known Under the title of the Batilica Sanoriaaa. ItB present name 
ii derived from the portioa of the Holy Croes placed in it iiy the Empress Helena when 
■he brought that relic tu Bome from Jeiuialem. The church was embellished in the fifth 
century b; PUcidin and VaJentinian III, and about this time the building was called the 
Satiliea ffeteniima. It was restored by Gregory II iu 720, and by Benedict VII in 
the latter part of the tenth century. The present form of the church ii due ta 
Benedict XIV. The extrmordimuy legend {which follows in the text) of a Pope being 
dismembered at hia own request at the door of the church, is due to the fnct that 
Sylvester II e:ipited. while he was celebrating Mass, on Quadrsgeaima Sunday in lOQS. 
He wai buried at 8. John Lateran. It is ponible that he may have eipresied a with 
that bis heart should be buried in the church in which he died. He was generally 
believed to have acquired magical knowledge from the Mohammedans in Spain, and the 
■omewhat gruesome legem! hu probably developed by degrees around the above data. 
His epitaph still eainti, and is quoted in full in n. 2, p. 77. Fur the origin of the name 
Smario or Seuoriiino, see AdinolG. He derives it.from the Amphitheatrum Castrense, 
which was named the Stitorian, on account of the graduated order of its steps, and gave 
its name to the neighbourhood (vol. i, p. 372). 

' S. Constaiitia, the daughter of Conslantine, bears also the title ' Augusta", She waj 
onred of a dangerous illneas at the grave of Sli. Agnes; this caused her conversion to 
Christianity. Gallicanus, a military leader, bad ashed for her hand En marriage ; but when 
he had to leave Rome for one of his campaigns, she gave him, aa cumpaniotis, her servanta 
SS. John and Paul; recei-ving into her household. In return, SS. Attica and Artemia, 
daughten of Gallicanui by a former marriage. Through her prayers they were converted 
to the Christian faith, at also was Gallicanua on his return &om victory. S- Constantia 
and her two cumpauioua took upon themselves a tow of chastity ; abe built a church and 
dwelling at the grave of S. Agues, in which she lived until her death in the fourth century 
(Btadler, flnHaen'raiton; Jeta SflBe/onim, February, vol. iii, p. 87). 

' Possibly this S. CesariuB is the saint of that name who suBered martyrdom in 
Terracina about the year 300, in the peraecution of Diocletian. The retic of bis arm 
was preserved in S. John Lateran ; bis feaat-daj is on Nov, 1 (Stadler, Ht^ligenlexUan), 



r 



YE SOLACE OF PHOHIMES 



s. The (vet of anutaau falleth 
fallith on halo win esdaj. In 



is graunted remUsiou of p6 iiii [lart or sjm 
pe xxii day of jenoari. The fcst of ccsai 
|3i8 cherch is a grete pece of ]>c croEse ]'&t ou? lord suffered pasf^ion upon, 
eltc racch of pe crosse ou whecb pt theef byng \>at was od (le rit side. 
The? be too saphires hoi at pe ]ift of seyut beleyn in od of hem ia part of 
)>e blood of ou? lord ibu in pe op'iT part of pe mylk of pe bleEsed uirgine. 
Tlie? is also a nayle with whech our lord was fast to ^e croese it is a grete 
boifltoua plug of too handful long wilb a gret heed lich a echip nayl and 
blunt at t^e ende for j^at poynt whech i§ at coloyn of too uuch long was 
broken fro J^is nayl at comaundment of charles whan he waa emperour. 
He ded so mech for pe cherch pAt pe cliercli mytb no ^iug denye him. 
The? is a cloth fiat seynt ion l>nptist wered. The? is a launipe ful of bnwm 
whecb bawm ran fro pe heid of seint uiiicent. The? is a pees of pt flesch 
of eeynt laureiis and coles ioyned ptrto rith as Jiei fried in hie passinun. 
The? be many o]>ir relikes in both auteres on eytbir aide for pe summe of 
indulgens in pe same place is eu#ry day a hundred jere and sinii and 
euery Sunday wednysday and friday cclliii. Tbann go we down on a pey? 
greces in to a chapel Jiei clepe ierlm, This same chapel was pe pryoy 
cbambir of seint heleyn in whech sche lay moo6t and seynt Elluest^ at hir 
instauns consecrate }}is hous and jnne perta ful grcte indulgens for euery 
friday )Mrw oute pe jer is pere plene? remissionn, uod ou good friday 
absoluciouit a peua & culpa as pe elde writing of pe wallis witnefsid 
sumtyme. In )?is chapeH entreth no woman but o day in pe je? uud fiat 
is in march pe xx day, in pe uigile of seint benedict for |iat day was {lig 
chapel consecrate. Whi ]?nt women he for boden swecb holy places he told 
many lewed causes to whech I tvil jeue no credena but I will sey myn 
opynyoun in fiis mate?. Al poo whech haue be at ronie knowe wcel )>at |>B 
women pei lie passing desirous Ui goo on pilgrimage and for to touch and 
kisse euery holy relik. Now in uery sothfastnesse peee places whecb are 
forbode hem be rith sraale in qnanttte. And uphap sum woman in pe prees 
e))ir for sekneese or witli child hath be in grete perc\ pere and for }>is cause 
)>ei we? forbade pe entre of {lese houfos ns I suppose.* In yis same chapel 
fel a wonUirful case of on silupster fio pope not |iat silue&ter Jiat baptized 
constantyn but aDo)iir wbech lath gilbert be fore.' This man was enhaunced 

 The rollowint; rcawni i* giT«n why woman are not wlmitl«<] to the chapel of ihe 
Holy Crow at S. Peter's: 'Dm kuo kIhi id, dma tin rn* eia brieiter lieli het, und 
dlewsil a ob dem allu- (lund und ly in aiuacb mit potet begir, do enpng jr die lutnr ; 
dH lioht man tut dem iiirrbclitein do dy fnw ut geet«adeD.' The author addi that miuiy 
Gemiatii were buHed in this chap«l (Huffel, p. 2i). .Sea also Niohali. HantU of Bom*, 
p. 137. 

 SlvNtw II u Snt nentioDod iu the iibtr roalifleallt, vol. ii, p. asS, in the Life of 
Benedict VII (BT4-S3). The itrange legend regarding hii rieath will b« bund in his own 



78 YE SOLACE OF PILGBIMES 

f. 383 r on put dignite be / fals menes of nygroranntie. And whann he whai f>ua 
sublimat on to ]>e hieat degre of pe chcrch he cotmcelled with his fantilii^ 
deuel who longe he echuld lyue and whoie he schuld deje. The deuele told 
him undir a eophim he schul neuyr deye but at ieilm. Ttmn was pe name 
of })ia chapel onknowe to Jw pope * foi- he supposed ucryly [j&t ierlm wbech 
stant in paleatin was ^e place asigned be t^e dtuele. Thus leued he in 
a maaer of a sikernesse of long lyf for at )7nt ierlm whcch we spak of last he 

life, p. 263. Ducberae, in n. 3, ib., pluieB its origin about the en<l of the eleTenth centurj, 
and truo it lo the Vila ft Gala HildebraiKH of CaRliiul Banno, who vrotc in 1U99. 
Vincent de Beauvaie givM it nt length (niv. 08). Bjlveiter W4s, howevet, buried in the 
Latetim ; jti the left &!gle, nesr the entruice to the modern Coreioi chtpel. The tomb 
wuetftlfld b; John the Deaton lo drip with water. He mjb: 'Cnius' (Silveilri) 'aaepe 
■epuloniDi, etlam in ■ergniuinio aere, cum nan sit in humido loco, Kquarum gattu, qnod 
Mtia eat hominibuB ndmiraiidam, viiibilitfr ematiat. Inde est altare aanctorum Quadra- 
giDta Martjrum' (Migne, J'. £.., t. ciciv. p. IB&l). The tomb wa> opened in lfl4S ; the 
■tone which bora Uie epitaph wai preaerred, nnil ii itlll to be lera on one oF the pilhm of 
the right aiite of the church. Another varj itrange legend grew up abont thit tomb ; 
via. that the hoti» were heard to more and rattle whenever a Pope wa« about to die. 
The origin of tbi* legend it eiplaiaed by the inncription. which is at followa : — 
late locua miindi Silrettri membra aepuiti 

Tentoro domino coaferet ad lonitum 
Qaam dederat mundo celebre doctiHJma virgo 

Atque capat mundi oulmina romuiea 
fiinium Gerbertui meruit ftsooigeoa cede 

Romeniu populi metropolim patrine 
lade Ravennatiii meruit conacendere aummum 

Aeccteiiae regimen nubile ritque patens 
Post annum It«niam mutato nomiUH sumpiil 

Uc toto pattor fieret or be dovm« 
Cum nimium piacuit sociali mente fidelis 

Obtulit hoc Cneaar terdus Otto afbi 
Tempua atenjoe comit clara virtute sophiae 

Gaudet et omne seelnm ^ngitnr omne ream 
Clavigeri inatar ent caoloram sedc potitoa 

Tema auffectut cui vice pastor eiat 
lite vioem Tetri portquam auscepit abegit 

Luatralia apatio saecula morte sui 
Obrigoit mnndtu diicusaa pace triomphus 

Aeeolaiaa nntant dedididt requiem 
Sei^u* bone loculnm miti piatale aacetdat 

SnecMimqne anna oompnt runore sui 
Qnisquia ad bunc tnmnlnm derexa lumina vertls 
Omnipoteni domioe dio [tiiserere iui. 
Obilt anno, domioioe incamationis iiitl. ixuic. I. K. )UI. P. III. 

The epitaph B*}ra nothing of the humidit<r, hut the 'tumultus oaaiom' nf the LOirt 
PimliflcatU (p. 303] was anggestsd by the second line. Dncheane H7<: ' Dnn* le rmfiiro 
Domineon aTU, non leSooTerain Juge, mais le pape fntur, celui qai rempUcera lepontife 
actuel en fonctJona : ad Kmilam a 6tf enteiidu, Don de la trompette du jugemeDt dernier, 
mais du bruit que font en ae oboquant le* os da Silveatre II (Silvestri membra uputli . . . 
coufcret) chaqug fola qn'D y a UD domiHHi imlitnu k rhoriaan. Celt un eiemple 
remarquabie de l4|[eDde tonn^e d'aprte une inaaription tail oompriM' (Note 5, p. 261]. 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 79 

cost hiiD neayr to come. Than felle it a day in whech pe rtacioun wbi at 
|>ia cbnpel) and \>e pogie of usage inut uede synge \>t^e for at \>\a day ;et 
synggith no mnn at f^at aute?.' Wlian {liB Biluesttr was at messe ))e wcdyr 
wex bkk and nieruelous teinpealis aryae crowia mnuni«rable eke ai>pei-ed. 
The cardiniilis utid ]>e pnpic fet dotvn for fer and no man mytli entenile oil 
to ]>e Beriiyse eo wre t>ci dismayed. Tlio pe pope * cleped on un to him an 
iiiqwired of liim |)e name of ph place. He aoswerd aud teid ^at ailnealer 
onnied it ici'lm at iDstanns of feint heleyn. Thoo wept ^e pope* and hud 
grcte repentaun^ of his wikkid lyf and be fore ]>e pujile mad open cun- 
feBsiouN what connanntia he had mad with }ie deuele and who he was 
deceyued in eophisticncioun of l^is name ierlm. Wberfor be comaandod hem 
pat pt!> Bcbuld disraeinbir bim ioynt be ioynt and {row it owt to pe crowie pe 
game echuld }>oi do of hia hert eke if f»ei bo? a wey bia hert pel Ecbuld neuir 
pray for bim he aeide, and If pti bo? it nut a wey }nin myth [%i trost |>at 
he stood iindir protecoiouw of goddja mercy. Thiu as he comaunded it 
was doo for pe bert of him weld pel not toucb whech hert in tokne of {lis 
myracle hangilh in pe roof on tu Jtjs day.' Be fo? pe jale of seynt cruces 
stand iii crosses on wbech pe passioun of on? lord is eusaumpled on good 
frjday with mecb o['ir circume tail its. Eke as we go forth oute of pe cyte 
to pe cherch of seynt laurens is a grete wal standyng on arches ou wbech 
wall ranne sumtyme cniulites of oyle of walir and of 'wyn on to p6 grete 
paleys. And in pe iiatiuite of ou? lord fel pen a meruelous )'ing on of po 
grete pileres mad al of tyl with half pe arch of fw o side aud half on pe 
o^ir side wbech rested np on bim turned him and stood euene fontrarie to 
pe werk and so slant he at J>is day. 



Of pe cberch of s laurens. ui. 

Now go we onte of pe cyte be a jate )>ei clcpe porta lanicana aud belwii 
beggia and nynea walk a grete myle or we conA at ^e obercb of eeytit 

' 'but )« ' (tpopa, ontoffin binding) in margin ot M^ 

 Muffel wyt tb»t th« heart of tbe Pope 'a baiied In S. John Latano, but appaan to 
be confaaing ths gntTS with the cbapel built by Pope Hilarj in honoar of 8, Stephan 
Protontartyr ; for he »y* - ' Item hintni in der liiTchen in der abaejlteu ' (b|»U)  do iit 
■uch da* grab nnt itaphanui Ja bapatt, der iiich luhaiien tieia Tor der kirchen lu Jaru- 
aalem lu dem heUlgen crentt . . . und daaelbig grab, darinn daa lierta Ugt, gibt aletiga 
(enebtikait and donnert daryon, wen ein bapat itetben aol, daa niann etlieh tag daror 
bort' (p. IS). 'VoT d' kirch iil eia rotar manneblein dnr uS dsr pabile aiut d' aich Jem 
teuffel argab ami wurda da ifi atueken gebawon. Uuf Jem teulfeln fUr geworflan di dar 
kotninet yn TOgela gaatalt. Die atuck wflrde jn tin (eur gvworffen, eie fUrte die atuvk alln 
Ilia da, allein daa herti moohteiu ait wag fUrea imd du wm ein gAt xeichen der giuuleu ' 
(£Vn nuektin, kc, StnMboig, 1500, p, D il v, B.M. i. 




80 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRTMES 



laurena.' For it stant ia a feld in her langage and in cure leg«ndia pvi » 
in ngro neraao. This cheich ie edified ful wel and a n]oDa3t«rie of munkb 
t. 382 V aoexid yerto. In )iiB eliercli be nelhe }>e aute? in a uonte in a / ful hjn I 
turiibe litb fieint laurens with «ej'nt atcucne ful roaly laurens iras byrjcd 
fere aftir liis martirdam but who eejnt aleuene earn yidir fro iertm ^t 
Echal I telle }ow. Whan he was Etuucd to 'pe deth wilb pe iewis and left in 
pe feld Jjftt bestea and foules schuld ete him, on gamaliel mayster on to sejnt 
paule )>e apoatel took up pie body & ded it byry witli grete worehip in 
a poHsessiou of his elepld in (le ebrew tonge caphargamala and pere laj Jai 
body iiii hundred jere to counte fro cristis bii-th, and for to count fro )>e detli 
of seyjit ateuene ccc jere liui. So in ]>e uii jere of honorius ]>e emparour 
}7is Bame gamaliel appered to a prest cleped luciauu« and told lijia wb^ 
Btenene was hyried and ojtir psrsonea of whech Jiia gamaliel i 
coniauiidod him eke to go to pe bischop of ierliu and tolle him p&t it was l 
wil of god jjat pest p«rBones schuld be lyft fro })at deapett plac 
pci were leyd and bore on to pe cbcrcb clejied syon in wbecb pe foraeid 
eteuene was sumtyme artchdekne. Aa gamaliel comaunded al was do for 
pftrt was pe body« of seyat sleuene leyd in gretc worehip and many myraclea 
do pat day as seynt aoaten beritb witneaae iii xxii book de ciui'tate dei.* 
Aftir j^Is certeyn jeres a gret lord eeiiatou? oi coustantinople cleped 
aliaauwdre aayled on to icrliTi with hia lady julyane to uialte Jioo boly places 
in whech oure lord suffered for ub passion. And whau he was corns  
for grete deuocioun whech Ite had to seynt steueiie he mad on to him a fay? J 
oratorie and a cheat of ailue? in whech his Imdy was couchid. So happed i 
with inne fewe dayea ))at )>is alisauml? dyed aftir hia deth bis frendis n 
a cheat of ailaer lich on to [le former cheat and leyd his body J>«rinne.l 

' The more Biioieiit Builica of S. LoreDzo outaide the nklli wu founded by ConatanUne, 
■nd enluged b; G^U Pluiidia imil Ptlagiui II id the fifth and lixth centuriea. It went 
under tbe name of tpcciota ; and, ni it tita erected over the tomb of the uint in tbe 
CBtacotub* of CHriau, it wm ■!» called oil corput. its poeiliun being further denoted bjp 
the worda niper aretMTiocryplai. The entrance to it wu on the far aide ; that ii to Bay, _ 
where the tomb of Piua IX now la. The aecond builica, according to Aimellini, i 
work of Sixtui III; the tvo biiildingi were Beporate and diitiant until the t 
Hunoriui III (1218). The church of Siitua III, which waa erected about the y 
waa known oi the batUica maitir from ita size ; later, aa the BoatUoa S. Maiu f 
S. Lorenio tmu ita dedication. The entrance to it waa from tbe Via Tiburtina, t> 
the orientntion waa reTeratd. Eoaoriua joined the two churchei together (they wi 
bock to back), and deatroyed the two apsei, thua making tbe basilica of Conitontine tl 
otm/Mtfo of the ehiirch ofSiitua III. The porch date* from this period. Alexander IV I 
decorated the intedor in I2G4 (Armellini, p. 6'9 ; Dacbeine, Lib. Ponl^., vol. i. p. 197.. 
n. 84, pp. 28!-l ; Maruoehi, p, (86 ; Nibbj, p. 296). 

* 8. Gamaliel, a Pharuee, waa a leading teacher of tbe Jewish law, in which h» 
hwtruoled S, Paul, For the account of the burial of S. Stephen, and Gamaliel^ 
apparition to Lncdao, el Sladler, miligmlaiton. 





YE SOLACE OF riLGItlMES 

8enene )ere ahxr his detli liis wif juliaoe desired to saile to conBtaatiaople uid 
prayed ))e blsohop of terlm tojeue Lir Icue \»t Bcbe myth cary bir huabondea 
body bom with hi?. He answerd ^at in treuth he knew not pe o chest fro 
}» o})ir bo cause )>ei were bo Uch. Scbe aaide |iat si'he had pnuy mt^rkes 
whe? bir hiiBhoiid lay of whecih scbe Bcbald not faile. Tboo pe biechop 
Echen'id both and sche of iguo:aunce chase pe chest of eeynt steuene and left 
hir Iiusboud pef. Whan Jie body waB with hir iu (le see pt deaeles of pe eyr 
cried with grete noyec jiat he? enmy eteuene was stole fro icrlin. Thue was 
he brout on to Constantinople and had pert iu ful grtte reu^rena. Aftir ]?ia 
not long eudosia pe douter on to pe emperou? theodosius was uexid with 
u wikkid spirit scbe at rome hir fftder dwellyng at Constantinople. Hi? 
freudia aeut on to pe cmperou? and teld bim of )>is chaiiits. He wrote a geyn 
on to hem ^at sche acbuld come to Constantinople for pert he hoped ache 
schuld be cured ^rw m<rilis of seynt steuene. Whan ]>is message was come 
^e deuele with in bir cried and Eeid ache schal not go to constantiuople but 
steuene muat come to roiiie for ao ia / )>e wil of pe aposteles. Than was [>ere t 38S r 
a grele trety belwix pe grekis nod ))0 romanes and in here tiety J)is was her 
apoyntiii«nt }iat ^e grekis svhuld brynge j^e body of seynt steuene to rome 
and lene it J'ere and in recoHipems receyue pe body of seynt luurcns and here 
it to conetantinopte. Thus come pel of grece with pe body of seynt ateuene 
on to rome and ^ei of rome had ordoyned )^at )>is body achuld be leyd 
at a cherch ^i clepe sci pctri ad utncula. But wlmo Y<\ cum {lere pe wikkid 
spirith with in pe mayde cried and spak on )jis wise. | Not here achal be ly 
but with his brojiir laurens. Tho bore pel him to pe cherch of aeyot laurens 
& euene at pe entre of pe citerch pe inayde j)»t folowJd contlniely be labou? 
of hir frendia was dt^lyusnd of hir wikkid geat. A noii as )7ei cam to 
pe towibe of seynt laurens for to make a chaujige pe Irady of laureio sodeynly 
turned and mad a space whc? his felaw achnld ly. Tho teyd pel down pi 
body of seynt steuene and a non as )>ci teyd liaud for to take seynt laurens 
|)ei feU down as ded and so ley still a grele while on to pe tyme ]>Bt pe pope ' 
and t>e pople prayed for bem, eke with in x dayes after ^ei deyid all. Thua 
cam seynt steuene fro ierim to rome on to pe dierch of seynt laurcTis of whech 
cbercb {liB eptcinl chapet? is mad.' In jiia cherch ly many mo seynlis })au |^i 
lo as a table pert berith witne^ae in whecb be wtjtin awech uers. C'ontinet 
hoc temptum sanclorum corpora plura A quibui auxilium suplez homo 
posverg cura Cunt sixto iacet luurencitM igoe crematiu £t prothomartir 
etephanuB leuita beatus Post hoa ypolitui collis religatw* equorum Cum 

' Tbe relict of S.StepLini ware, MCordingto S. Aa^mtiDe, diacoTeroil In A.s. tl(. An 
accoanl of (ha tnoalation of the wine from ConMuitiiiopla to Rome will be found in the 
article ' Sirphaniu' in StadJer, Heaignlaiton. 




82 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

nutn'ce sua cum cunda plebc EUorum Bcunanas miles triiihoula uirgo qnrilla j 
Et quadragiwta quos paBsio conlinet llla IubUuks eacei' defonctoB qui 
tamulabat Curiacn uidua que tanetos eciam recreabat Euius rnatrone fuit tmeC 
|)oaseEBio cara IjitiuB [lomen B^teialiter continet ara. This is ]>e teutcna of 
Jwee uera. Tliia temple eonteynytti of seyutia bodies fele ' Of wliech seyatis 
Jjoa man aake sum help, Wilh siite J»e pope' lilh laureiw brent in )jb fi?. 
The 6rBt miirtir steuene eke he lith he?. The man j-politus with wild hors 
drawe to |)e detb Lilh he? with liis norys and all pe c«ruauntiB of his hous 
Romuiu« ^e knytli triphooia )>e tnayde aud quirille And xl mo as he? ])aefion 
teltetli ful pleyu JuBtinu* pe prest pat byricd |>iB puple with dreed Curiaca 
J)e widow whecb fed )>is pnple ful oft On to J>ia woman Jiia same place 
longid Bum lyme | Hir name is jet on pe aute? ful sprcialy sette.' These be 
pe relikes eke in aeynt laurens chen.-h | a grete atou of white marbil v 
certeyn holes on which his body was fried on whech ston a man may jet se J» 
blood aod pe fulnesae of his body. The? is eke a grete pece of pe gredil 
wbech he was roated, and of bia mauer of tormentrie be grete opiiiiones pe?* | 
Bum sey (lat pe aton lay a boue pe gridel summe sey it lay be nethe. Thero | 
is Echewid eke Jw lauou? of coplr with wbcch he hnptised aH {)at cam 
r. 863 * hi»( / for ))at cause. There he schewid aUoo iii stones al blody whech w^ j 
(>rowyn at seynt steuene. With to of hom J^ei persed on to his braynea and f 
with pe p'lrd pel smet bim down. The iiidulgens of )>iB place aa )}ei sej , 
ia grete eutry day uii }ei-e as many lentenes & pe ):)ird part remiasiou of ail J 
aynne. In pe festia of ateuene and laurnw a c jer and ^t durath bt J 

' numy, Gorm. ritl. 

' Da EoHi mentiuiiB thia iDKriptian, whlah still enul*. It, ho wever, oon tains foal 
noro lioM (>t the end), which tn not given by our chroniclrr. He aaya tbnt the iiiKrip- 1 
tloD WM generally to be fmiod in tbe booka of iadutgeuoai uid relics which were uied ^sf I 
pil^nwln thefoiirleenthkndfifteenthoeiituriei(UofMr(nair.ireil. CHol., Sflr. 8, An. S, ' 
Bome, 1881. p. 8fl iq.). S. Hippolytat appeuv to have been > Ronum offioer whose datj 
It wM to guud S. Lawrenoe ; be wai la itrnck with his constancy that hs wai cxmrerted 
and lAptiied by him. Uii nurae'i name was Couootdia; they both aufleivd martyrdom 
on the (ame day in A.D. 3S8, Hippolytna by Iwing dragged by wild hortei, and Concordia 
by being acourged to denth (Stadler, neiligtnltxikon ; Ada SuacloTtim, August, 
»ol. iii, p. 4). 8. RomanuB wai a soldier of the Imperial Guard under Vnlerian and Gal- 
UenuB, who, wllnesiing the tortures preceding the martyrdom of 8. Laorence, wu so 
struck by his patience and fortitude that he embraced CbrinUanity, and was liaptiied by 
tbo saint b«rore his death. Ha was beheaded outaidc the Porta Salaria, and buried in the 
Agro IVano by the prieat Juitiniu (Stadler, Reitujealexikon ; Ada Savctotxm, 
August, Tol. ii, p. lOS). 89. TViphonia and Quirilla were mother and daughter. The 
for meris said by some aathoritiea (amongst whiob is the Marl. Rom.) to have been wife 
of tbe Gm|>eror Decius. This, however, was not so ; but she may have been a relative, or 
perhaps the slave of his wife. She was Ijaptised by the priest Justinui with li<.>r 
daughter, and liotb were martyred on the foUawiug day (Stadler, BtiligtHlejikoa ; 
Aela Sanehnm, Ootobar, vd. viil. p. SIS sq.). 

* Over tbe word ' gridil ' is written ' gridian '. 

* The gridiron is now at S. Lomnio in Luclna. 



YE SOLACE OP PILQBIMES 



83 



p^ ortane. An as ie seid y>ef aoA wntya in autentik bokes wlio so euyr 
uUitith )>ia chercb euery wednyBdoy ho schal delyue? a Eoule fro purgatoi-j-e. 
Of whcch i)iat«? is founije in wrytyng swecli n memelous uision. Ther wna 
Bnmtyrne a holy man in }>at place ful of uertn kepcr of J^at cherch in a nyth 
ae he lay not a elepe bat wakyng he eay seint laiirens entir be y^e eet biiIq 
of pe chet'ch be pe wyndon and many fnjre Jong folk hangyng on Lis skirtia. 
The seynt cam on ki pie man and seid on to Iiim Jiub. Wet« t>ou wel pat 
I am lauretts patron of p'le cberch wbech stand in goddia pr^cciB eontiniely 
praying for all poo pat haue special deuocionn to me and euery Wednisday 
for )»it day waa I martircd liaae I a sptcial contmiasioun of ou? lord ])at 
I deicende to pui^torie where as many aonles as may cacch hold of me 
I? delyuored fro pat peyce. Thei-for pan and all ojjir beth byay to do sura 
■p«CTal aeruyse on lo gnd aod me for je Fchul haue eptfcial reward better Jjan 
)e gnn ges^e. Thia aeyd ye martir with all his felawchip aecendid up to 
heuene aynging fiia antyme. In craticula te domitiMnt nom negaui &ora. Ho 
be gan it and })ei song it forth. This aame story is writyn in a elde legend 
whech pc monkes of charter Jious usen and a clerk pel clepe oabert makith 
mynde of pe same in liia book of epistoles.' 




Of pe chorcfa cleped eca maria maior. ca u 



in engliscb we 
Bchol here. 



Now Bchal we speke of a cherch jiei clepe sea mar 
may calle it ^eynt marie ))e more.* But vlii it is cleped to je 



na« are seieral 0>berl<. wriMn on thoologiral aabjcfiU. The fint wm a 
nweotor of Caoterbury CitljeilnJ in Ibe eleventh oenturj, and k friend of Lan- 
He wrote » Life of 8. DaoKtan, tc, Tlie eecond »M alio a BenedioUne, who 
traco Clare or Hloke Clare in Esfbad. He lived in tbe twelfth century, anil wrote 
the life of 8. Edward and other worki. The third wu Oabert Pickengham, a GBimellta, 
and Doctor of Parii in tbe tburteentb oenturj. He wm the aathor of varions theological 
(matuee (Moreri, IHcUoniHiirt iiiUfriquri). 

* The Buillw of S. Hwj Major waa ftnwded near the MaetUum Liclne in the yenr 
S62 : it wae enbtrged by Slitue 111 aboot eighty yean later, after whioh iti Dune waa 
dangsd from Batiliea SMniatia lo 2Iafi7iRi S" Mariat ad praetrpe. It wae alw 
known  S. Mnria fn mptraggto, in klluiion to the agger of Sertiua TiilUui, Great 
addition* to the ohnrcb were nude by Nicholas IV at the end of the thirteenth cenlarj. 
In the fifteenth century Alexander VI glided the ceiling with tbe Grit gold which canie 
from America. Siitu* V and Fanl V conetrncted the two chaptli which but their 
Bunea ; filially, the modem fafade wae constrDated by Benedict XIV In 1711, repUring 
that of Eageniu* III of the twelfth gentury. The beautifal campanile ii the wurk of 
Gregory XI, and waa bailt after his return to Rome from Avignon (Atmellini, p. 3Ht; 
Harucuhi, p. US ; Adinolfi, vol. ii, p. Mi). Mnife] give* an iatomting acoonnt at 
a ehapeJ which he *aw in S. Maria Haggiore ; it waa then (Ht>!) being decorated by 
a )di)ut Botnan lady by penniaaion of Nicholas V (tlitn Pope). Our lady had appeared 




84 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

Be for pU dierch was mad Ipere was no I'herch iu rorae in memorie of oare 
lady. And ptrtor on? lady appored on to b. certayn maa of rome comaanding 
him witb his good to make )'ia cherch for it is a fay? house large and 
pleeaunt to })e sith costful eke Eppcialy in the pnuyment. For it wbb |)e 
first was mild and eke it is 'pe Inrgest of aH perfor ia it called maior. In 
what mane? it be gan and be what rayraole it was mad Jjub fynde we wrytyn 
in }je clde stories of (w cherch. In \>e tyme of liberius pe pope * not he )>at 
was sone aftir constanlyn but a nojiir whech is cteped liberiitg ^^e jonger. 
In his tyme was in rome a man [lat had mcch ^e gouernau»s of rome for 
empM«uria at yat tyme ne now as fer? as I can se baue lytyl i/oniinacion 
pere. This man as pe bokis sey hith jou a holy man detioote iuste and 
trewe whech had a wlf of Jw same proporciomi in holynesse deuocioun 
f, 38i r rithwisnesse / and treuth. They prayed euery day to ou? lady of hie deuocyoun 
];at ]<ti myth leue in JjIb world to )>e pleasauns of ou? lord and eke pei pmyed 
euterly jMit (joo worldly goodis of whech pe'i hadde grete hahuiidauns schuld 
be expendid in turn werk whoch we? pleaauiis on to hir eon. Aftir pis lyf 
many jeres continued on? lady appered on to pc seid pope* and to J^is same 
jon eke on to hin wyf for all pel in o moment had o manfr auisioun. Sche 
sayde on to hem who )jat grete cyte bad rered up many a solempne houa in 
vorchip of doners seynlis and non in al })at cite was dedicate to hi? wherfu? 
it ptesei) hir son jiat sche schuld mcrke ^e ground and pei schuM edyfye \>o 
werk. And Jiat jjei myth knowe weel ]Jat sthe whech appered was modir 
on to eriat and eke pai ^is was ^e wil of crist pai [jia hous schuld be edified 
8che told bam who ))' sche had merkid al (w ground with snow whe? pat sche 
fjout hir hous schuld staiide. And in encresing of pe myracle p»i enow 
achuld ' down so bahundanntly ache saidc hem ]iat it was ngeyns pe kynde 
of jiat tjnne of pe jere for l^is was do pe u dny of August. This man joa 
aros in pe tnorownyng and as he went forby |)ia bill whech is cleped mons 
gupff-agRiM* he say al pe top Jxrof snow. Tho wont he forth to telle J>e 
pope * of })i3 myracle And he fond him redy whech had sent for pe cardynalea 
and pe puple of pe cyte for he wold with solempne procession both se ]>!■ 
myracle and bcgynne }>ese groundes. Thus go }>ei forth all in fere and at 
))at same day j^ei opened pe groundes as ^e snow schewid. Aftirward with 

to thia wonun in k vuion, which eTent wu followed b; n mincte. The Romui indj 
would (can to h>n bcsan > pictnre of the Virgin in thii chapel, mud il WM coctiag her 
mors thku ihe could ftfford to expend. She begui to b«g for the pnrpoa?, by order of our 
Lady, who In the viajon ordersd her to go towarda 9. Paal'i Church, and uli the Snt 
penoD whom ihe met for alou. Kint n mkn pauing her gnve her two gulden, &nd thea 
a woman garo her two mora gulden ; hut when ahe opened her hand the found ihe bad 
•il golden, and the itory end^ tbni : ' i«t illerent gescbehen im gnadenreioben jar, daa 
im biunnt vlthunden and Im swdund ruD£iig*ten jar geweat iit ' (Mufiel. p. S3), 
> ' bile ' in nuu^n uf MS. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIM ES 63 

riccheBse of }>iB jon (lis cherch vns tnful to hie jxrreccion find he him seine 
tvith hiB wif IB birieil ]>ere in a conk of red Bton |>ei clepe porphirie ston fast 
be pe dore pat goMi to tejut milonje. In )» hie aute? of )w cherch restith 
))e body of seynt msthie j^e apoflil, Aiid in a oo^ir nuter by pe body of 
Beynt ierom doctou?. There h alao n ymnge of ou? lady wliech seyut luce 
mad. The? be eke )« bodies of peee pope a * honory eugeny grcgoiy pelagu 
k nichoias. The? ia pe anne of seyut luk Jjo euangelist | \>t arme o seynt 
maihew pe enangeliet | pe lied of eeyut uyuyane pe nirgioe' | ipe snne of 
Beyut thomas of cauntiibyry and of his aestraentf ' | pe cradill fiat criet was 
leyd in | pe inaiiioiir with pc hey of whech pe bestcB ete whe? erist was bore | 
pe hosen of seynt Joseph \ J)e mylk of ou? lady | and mech ojiir l>ing. Tliese 
be pe indulgena graoiited to pe same place. In pe dedicacoun of pe same 
cherch ii ml jere and pe ^ii'd part remissioun of al mauer eyune. Euery 
day J»rw oute pe yi ar grau»tcd ixuiii jere Id lentoB pe pardon is dohled. 
In euery fest of ou? lady a hundred jere. Fro pe assumpcioun of oure lady 
on to hii' natiuite ia giauTited euery day xiiii hundred jeP. The aomine of at 
|3e pardon of JjIb cherch is bald pere ful grete. 



I 



Of l^e / atacion at aeynt Sabine, cap uiii. f. 

Now wil we speke of alt [too chercbes where pe ataciuuca be holden in 
lenton Wt ^e bcIiuI undirstand j^at pe staciones be Bumtyme at pcee same 
ctierchis.' Seynt Gregory as we redyD oideyned fiese stacionea and was at 
hem him eclue and prechid })ere as we may notabilly parceyue iu many of his 
omelies. It ia cleped a stacioun a stando for stacioun ia as mech to sey as 
to atund aftir walkj-ng. For pilgnmes walkyn pe sercle with grete liibou? 
and summe rest neuyr tyl al he? labou? be don. Wherfor Jiis holy doctor 
gregory ordeyned [tat euery day schuld lie a masao in a cerleyn place and 
pert schuld men reat and he? ]7at masse. Eke for to encreae he? deuocyon 
mo? on to fis dede he granmled on to ))iit cherch whe? pe stacyon is as mech 
pardon aa ia in al rome as for ))at duy. And piB ia pe cause as I suppose 
|rat fewe romanes walk pe aercle but pe stacioun as a man may pleynly ae. 



' 8. Bibiana (tlie Rnmin S. SwIlLia) i>a« the daughter of the Roman knight Flsfiui 
and bit wUe Dafrosa, who were >l«n inartyn. Sba was brooght with ber ilitai S. Deme- 
tria befoTH Aproaian in the year 363, daring the reign of Jnliui the Apoetate ; the irai 
then cruelly (ortaied and beaten to duth. Her bwi; w« thrown to wild beuU. bat 
waa Mcretly bnrjed by a print nnmed Johannee in the neighliaarhocd of the Liclniaa 
pala<e (Stadler, neHige»lfxiton). 

' From i- to t, the reference tu 3. Tlinmai b Becket, hai beta eiaied by atrikitig ft 
throu^ with the pen. hut ft ii qnite legible. 

' * be fo? teid ' iu margin of MS. 



8fi YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

Tlie fii-st stacioD on puluyr weiliibdny is at a cliercli yei clepe B*jnt f abine ' 
be wliecli cherch staiit a ful fa)? place whech was ]% pnleys of eufenniHiie 
fader on to aeyiit olexe. lu J^at place bane ^e fre? preclioarcB a couent aod 
pie same cherch bane ]>ei anneidd yerto. Tbia cherch and )7is coacnt atant 
on a hiH fiet clepe it mona anpntipuj of wbeoh wc spoke be fo? in ]>e 
capitiile de montihi'e. Now wil we U'Ue )ou wbat ne bane red of j^is same 
Eftbine. Tliia woninn waa doutjr on to on of pe heroudcB wbecb was clepid 
herodes raeUalhirius fur dyfTereua fro o]>iT heiaudr> was he eo clepid. Scbe 
ileped unleiitine and aftir hb deth 
n and boly aftirward martired for 
rnpbia taut J>e feitb of on? lord to 
ibine first, am! aflirward brout hif on to \>e knonlech of hoty prestis 
receyned bir aocrHinentis. Thus with {'is scraplua dwelt )]is 
to ]m tyme |>at )>is forseid sernpbia was 



This F 



was wcddid ou to a worthy r 
eche drow to ftlauchip of a 
crist whech J>ci cleped serapbii 

same snbiiie in holy 
a restid led on Ifl |je iuge and ctiwdetnpued on to J>e deth only for scbe beleued 
in ouP loi-d ihu cribt. Tbia tamo sabyne folowid ou to hi? passion and aftir 
hir deth took Inr body and byried it in ye aanie graue wlicch was ordeyucd 
for hir selue, Aftir tyme J)at mech of )>is was doo but be fo? pe deth of pis 
same Bempbia a grct« president of rome ctepcd bcrillus called ^is woman 
Babinc on to him and {jus he spalc Why doo^t J^ou l^i selue to mech schame 
and makiat )ii seine so wiecchid. Why considert-Et nowt what J»u art an 
whena \>on cnm. Thou hnat ioyncd \ie in felauchip on to J>eae criateu folk 
and baat forgete ]ie noble birth )hiu cam of and \>e worthy man whech weddid 
pe eke Jwu art notaferd of f>e wretlh of ou? goddys. Turne a geyn woman 
f, 385 r t«j )>in / owiic boos & Qe pc ournpaay of I'at wiccb wbech bath deccyned ]>o 
and many oj^ir. Sabine jnne him (jis answere. That same holy mayde 
whom [joti slaundrest now ful ou treuly wold god J'ou had herd ' |ie same 
councel pat )-on myth forsake pe faU ydoIcB and knowe the uery god pett 
calltlb good men to euyrlaalinglyf and senditb eoel men to euyrlaeting pajn. 
This president berilluB wlinn be had herd peee wordes lete hir go at large 
snd aeyd no mo? on to hi?. This waa doo be fo? ]>t deth of aerapbia for 
aftir hir deth ache was a rened and brout to a iuge t>ei cleped helpidiit* 
whech aeid on to hi? at hiP first appering. Thou art aabine wyf on to j^at 
woi'thi man ualentine and dontyr on to heraude whech was of ful grete 
dignite. ^he aoswerd I am ^t same and blessed be ou? lord ihu fiat be ]>e 

' The church of S. Subina wu contnmeFd nndw CelMtioe I about 425, biuI Domplet«) 
ondsrSixtus 111 about 133. Honoriut 111 IJTcd Ibare.u did Honorioa IV. The furmer 
allowed S. Dominic to occupy part ot hii fuKJAed palnoa mtCachad to the church. 
Eugcnim III and Ongory IX wer« tin beaebwtora of the chnrch (Armelliai, p. GS'J ; 
Marneclii, p. 184 ; Nlbby. p. 688). 

• -(rfhtf'iiiiiiaisi&ofMS. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRXMES 87 

Inboii? of eeyiit eeraphiu htitli bi'out me fi-o Jie oncleucesse of ]>e delues' i>ower 
on to ^ fredam of ou? lord. The iiige wliaii he hvrd )>ia Aud say liir gret« 
coDstauns in )>e feitli pi-oiiounsed pe aeiitepg of hir deth ip }>ia forme. Sabiue 
iiiobedient on to )ie goddis and dtapisiiig on? loidis po empe;'onris we 
couiotinde to be heded with a ewei'd oud oil hir godes to be areeted on to {>e 
comown profith. Thus was Bcbe sbiju }>e siiii kaleiidM of scptembir and 
pryujly caried be nylli of ciiBlen men and byried be serapliia mftystrcBse of 
bir feith.* In J^is eaine cberch be mnny retikea whecb I wrote not. 
memoriale say I yere of aeynt domiuik for it ib seid wlian be was besy to 
bane hia orclre confeioicd be prayed meeh wilh grcte wecch iu )>at same 
cberch and pe deuel \<nt liath enuye with eu«ry good ilede Jrew ft gi«te aton 
na mech or mo? ])au a mnnnea bed to a slayn him but be grete myracle it 
felle be side and raf * a niarbil stou doyng him no barm. Of |)is story are 
wrytyn ()«■« awecli uers. Credidit omntem iacio coufundere eaxo Hie 
atmelum domiuicam bostis nersutus set ipswm llleaum dominua Beruat niira- 
bile factum Uannoris iJliai confraccio monstrat in euum Hijs' quod fidem 
prebet au«pensus & iste molaris. The eentens of ]>e uers in J'is. He Bup|)OBed 
wlii] be pieyed to destroye bim with yis stoii. Here in fiia place seynt 
domt'ntc ouf wikkid eumy he tuppoaed soo. But ou? lord kept his aemaunt 
fro hann a meruelous tale. The marliil [^at ia hurt he? berith witnesee for 
euyr. And eke a grete euydeus of pe treutb ia pe ston Jiat haogitb he?. 




Of pe atacioi) at pt cberch of stint george. ca it. 

The (niraday be fore pt firet snndnj of lenton is pe atacion at a cberch of 
Bpyiit george ' whe? I^at his hod ia schewid hia sjwre and pe baiije? with 
whech he kitlid ]>c dragon. The bed stant pere on n auter |>at day iu a 

' Tdevil'i. 

 3. S&biu is DoHpled witli.S. Senphk in the Aeta Sanetorun, nnd the tuta Mtattd 
Mgarding her lifc Kgn* geaetallj with thosa hen giTen. Sams indent kuUutn dMcribe 
her u hftTJng been ft vir^n nurtyr, but ihe wan, aooonijug to aecepteil nooounti, lb* 
wida* of Valentinui uid the ilaa|[)iter of Harwl Metftllaiiua, u our chroDioIer myw. 
Her olinrch ia Rome li uid to liare b«en built on the lite of her anoeitnl home ^Sladler, 
Bcilii/enlexHoii (ondar 3S. Senphik and SkUoa) ; Attn Sanctomn, August, vol. vi, 
p. iV6). • ni, (.be. p. t. of rive - riven, 

' The church of S. George (n Yelahto wu  diacoala, founded before the Bith oentniy 
In the Vtlabnim, the kucient name of the quuttr uf the uit; where it (tandi. It «•■ 
reetored bj Leo It, S. Zocharuu, and Gntgaej IV, who adorned it wilh moaua, and 
added two porticoi. Bonifaoe VIIl orwted Cardinal SlefuiocM onrdinal ot the title; 
the latter ordered Giotto to dwwrste the npu with treeooe* wbich have (ino« been 
dditroyed. Cardinal Newman wu titulu of thit chorch, and np to  f«w year* ago bu 
ouat of armi waa to be aeeo tiiera. Knee hia death no cardinal baa been appcdnted to 
thii title, and the charch ij p'acilcally oloied, eitwpt oa 3, Goor^'a Dnj and tin day of 
(AnnellinI, p. SfiSj Maruodii.p. 360). 



88 YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

U1)«rn&cle of Eyluyr Kiid gilt mad soo ]>at a maD niny lyfl up certeyn patfl 
l^erof and toache and kiese )7e bare situl.' 0)^ir hcdis be schewtd \>ere whecbl 
f. 3S5 T be now oute / of rcmemberau/ie. But as toaching aejnt george be cause ]>!•■ 
loud halditli him in grete leufrena aumwliat of his lyf wil we touch. In )>9l 
grete councel ]?at was liald at nycene a cyte in grece pere \ie lif of ]>iB seyiitl 
was a noumbirid a mongis apocriphu. Apocrtfum is as mecli to sey a 
[» treuth of a f>ing is in doute or ellia men haue no certeyn who was make?'] 
or write? of pat malef. Hut }ie counctdl at jiat time det^rmiiieU \>eX be w 
woitlii to be anoatnbired a mongiH fie holy martires of eiist. Pemueutii?>l 
pei had a lif with sum uejn tales whech cam neuyr to ou? handis. But fori 
p*' pet at p&t tyuie wbcch wcf faderca at pe cherch a uoumbered him a niongirl 
pe holy martires perfor way we suppose ueryly paA jiiech whech we rede ]>stl 
ho ded or suHereJ was soth. As fiat he was hore in pe lond of capadoce, I 
and J>at he <Ielyuered pe mayde fi*o pe dragon, and killed )>ut heat wheel! I 
dede was eouae of conuerc'ioD both of pe kyug and eke of pe cyte. Aiid whaa J 
he achuld goo fro pe kyng be taut hem iiii ])ingiB. Ou fiat he schuld be heEf J 
to edttie chirchia id bis loud. The secunde ^t he schuld hane pe mynyatna 1 
of pe cherch in grete rcutrena. The plrde )>at he schuld here pe seruyee of I 
god deuoutly. The fourt )>at he schuld euyr be besy to releue pore men. Al I 
^is ])ing toucliid iu bis lyf is likly for to be soth. It is ful lich a treuth a 
^t dacian president of pers nndir it-ikkid diocteciane compelled pia seynt to I 
Iburifie and offir to pe deueles, and be cause be wuld not consent to ydolatria I 
}>at he couiaunded him to many toimentis. First to he hanged on a gibet, yanfl J 
his sydes to lie rent with yruD hokis, and brennyng laumpes put to fie woundea, ' 
Olid aftir mech olhir tormentrie his hcd to Ih smet of. This ia touchid schortlf I 
of his passion ]iat men may kuowe wel f^at f>e legende whech was hald suspect I 
JD pe forseid couTtcdl ia not come to on? handis, bnt ptrauentu? pa treutluB I 
were drawen oute fwxif and left to us and f>e othir suspecte fiingis fro 
side. 80 rude we fiat seynt ierom si-yd of oiigeues bokes, for certeyn enmyes I 
of origene in slaunder of his name had planted hertEies a mongi« bis treuthis, 1 
so ferforth Jwt seynt ierom was fayn for to aey. Sic lego orige new) tang uaw 
coUigens roaas de spinis . So rede I he seith origen as f>on I schuld gadez 
roites fro fiorues. Suflisith f>ig as for fie memorie of « eynt george. Cut ft 1 
mongt> btndious inen is raeuyd |>is donte.' Whi yat pe region of ynglond 1 

' The bud of 8. Geonie wu in the chnrab M Ute m 1SE)1- Cbknoine de Bleser in 
lioiu it In bii Ouide ilu Yoyageur daiu la CapitaU da Monde Chr^Hea (one of the n 
eiwt modecn booki about relica ia RoDisn cbnrcbea), vol. i, p. 228. Recent iDi|UiTy J 
ihoira (lukt the relic in queiticm U (tJU in tbe ucriity of the church, but that it Ii ni 
lonii'aT expoeed. The reliquuium ia whioh it ii kept U > modern oue. 

* The hEstory of S. George u obseure to thii day, Tbe go-c-illed Acta regmrding him J 
were rejeeted bj the Council at Rome under Geluiua I in 49t, aa being the v 
Aiiau. Thiagave rbc toa belief that S.Georgehad neverexiited. He would, however 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 89 

hath |>U sej'Dt in so special reu^rens )>at ^! make him a j-riucipal capteyn in 
he? batAylcs and troet up on him moost aftir god. Man; ^ingis haue I herd 
in Jiis matt'? but of non anctorite and ^erfor wil T leue it rith as I fyiide. 
I rede weel (lat a spnnal tuycioun ouyr ali ciiBten men hath Jiia seynt and 
)?iH rede I in a story ia cleped historia antiochena whe? pal he tellith ]>a8. 
Whan 1^ lai^t sege waa at / ierlm and cristen meu went ])idir to conqut;? ]>e t. 
cyt« ]iere appered a fayre jong man onto aprestliat dwelt in ])at place whe? 
'pe iKxIy of Bcynt george rested in peree, and coniaunded )>» aarae prest to take 
pv budy and caiy it forth with )Te oet far }>ei echiild apedc mech pe l>ettir as 
be seide. Whau ^et came to ^^e cylc and schul skale pe wallia pe ci'itt«n 
men we? gretely a feiii fur pe sareinca, most for he? ecbotte )^at was ao 
habundunt. Tho appered on to hem pe same Jong man in white- clotbia and 
H reed crosae perin he bad hem )>at ^e! aclmld folow him and put a wey al 
fere. So dede pel and wanne pe cyte to jre grete bonou? of cristen men and 
grete confuaian of aarainaa. 



Of pa itacioun at pt cberch of jon & paale. cap x. 

The friday after pnluyr weihiyaday is pe stacionn at o cherch f>ei clepe 
johannia & pauli it elsnt fast \>e pe monastery of wynt aiidrew pe monki^ 
of aeynt andiew sey fiat ])e9e same seyutie jon & paole be translate & ly 
a mongi* heni.' Wei woto I Jiat whan pe atacioun ie J^e puple uiaitith 
both cherchie but pe grete aolentpnite nud al pe tariiug of pe puple, eke 
ce/teyn (ilngis wliech pel selle pert at Btacionea al ^ ia at J>c cherch of 

ap|iMr to have been honoured in tery early tiniei ; and the doubt which sroae 1»t«r maj 
in part be the cauee of the legenili {e.g. that of the dragon] which have ^rovn up around 
hi* name. We may, bovrever, aocept that he luffered martynliiro under Diucletian in 
NicoRiedia, or Ljdd>, \a the year 3(^. Aooording to Metaphraetee, be waa bom of a good 
family in Cappadooia ; after hia latber'a death he went with hii mother to Paleitine. het 
natiTe coonlry, and where abe bad moob propertf at Lydda, belwoea Joppa and Jeruiar- 
lew. He joined the army and attuned high raak and honour under THodetiaa ; but later, 
when be became a Cbri*ti>D, wa* barbarouely tortured and Snally deo^iitaled by the 
orden of the emperor. While one need not accept all the Act* regarding him, tba Litur- 
gieaand, above all, the Sacrmmentarium of Gregory the Great (ire pfactloally inoontruTcr- 
tible proofa of hii eilitence and of hi* nuutyrdum. The Council held in Oxford in 1313 
ordered hi* feaet-djiy to be •olenmly kept throughout England every year (Stadler, 
Ueilii/enleiikon ; Atta Sanctorum, April, vol. Hi, p. 100). 

' The monaatery of H. Andrew here mentioned wa* attached to the chorch of 
ti. Gregory tbe Great. The monattery (which p(«ceded the church) itaa founded by 
S. Gregory in bl* own paternal home ; he alen built a church, which he attached to it 
and dedicated to S. Andiew, After hia death the mouactery waa alianiloned, but 
Gregury II rettored it, and erected atnthar church, which he dedicated to hie naraeeake. 
Thii church waa eomptetoly altervl by CanUnal 8d|Uo Burgheie in 108S. and again rebuilt 
by ths monk* in 1729 (Armelliui, p. 290 i Marucchi, p. 313). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

jobannifl & pauli.* Be side )k oUercli is a fay? place \)e.t longit]) to 
A cardiual, aud on jw ojiir aide ae we go forth to Tpe collise wbb a grcte 
pak-ja of wliecb Btaud jet maiiy bye wultis and meruelous Doutes. In yit 
cherch is ful grete iudulgens \>&i day, but we jjick beat at )>iB tyme to ttille 
sumwhat of pe lyf of peev euyiites and whi ]}ei weP dede as we cast ub for to 
do of ttlle otliir. Thei were whb couataiince duutir on to couEtantine in 
bouabold, on of bcm was eteward of bir bouse pe otbir was cbambirleyn and 
wbau ]>e woman deyed of pe grete good whctli scbe left scbe mad pese rava 
hir aturnes. Thei as goode aud trcw meu ilispoaed pee riccbeaBo on to cristen 
men in many sundry degrees mete and dryuk and clotliia ' waa eusry day. 
Tbis faerd juliauua j^e emp#rou? wLech is cleptd apostata for he was first 
let'ued In pa feitb and aftirwarJ be foraoke it' aud be cause be waa paasing 
couetoua he coloured hia couetise witb pe gosjiell wbecb seith to cristen men. 
fiat if ;e forsake al ))at je bane je may not be my diaciples. Tbua robbid 
))iB tyraunt aH criateu men and be herd sey as we rebersed of pe grete elmesse 
jouen be iou and paule he sent on to hem |mt pei schuld come on to 
his prvBens. Thei sent bini a geyu sweck an anawere. For ^i wikkidueaae 

' The ehoreh of SS. John kud P«al u balioved to have been erocted by Byiantiu* and 
bit wn PunmaohiDg in tbe foiirtb ceutary, over the home ia which the two sunta lived 
and luffered martjrdam. It wu Rnt known ander the name of the litului PnmmacMi. 
Famaiachiua WM a friend of S. Jerome, and U uiantioued by hiia in bis letters. The 
oharch wu reetored by Symniacbua in the fifth csDtury, aliKi by Badriaa I &nd Leo III 
in the Utter half of tbe eighth. The bennliful apee. Ibe portieo, and perhiipa the Ban 
pavement were oontitructeJ in llSSby Hadrian IV, the English Pope. Cardinal Howard, 
in 1677, plaoed the bodies at tbe two lainta under the high altar oC the upper churoh ; 
but it wa* not till 1887 that the eienvationa of Father Gennana made the iutereating 
■ubtenaaean dwelting-houjo of the saint.", nnd tbe freieoei contained therein, accesnblo 
(Annellini, p. 176 ; Nibby, p. 206 ! Maruoubl, p. 208). 
' • ft t«t  in margin of MS. 

' For mediaeval legends r^arding Julian the Apostata see Oraf, Soma ntlla memaria, 
fto., vol. ii, cb. £iv, p. 121. Godfrey ofViterbo, in hii Panthton (Perts, rol. ixii, p. 180), 
•ays, nferring to his attempt to restore tbe Temple at Jarutalem ; — 

Templa tieniant, pavimeuta ruunt et tigna sub illis 

Ignibas e cells [tereuDt eiuala favitUs, 
Exiliuiit lapides, area sola manet. 

tgneui ei templo globoe est, emiHue in illoi 

Incendens homines rentes caput atqoe captllos, 
Astantssqae viri iure oremantur ibi. 

Rase De furtuitu mala provenissa pntentar, 

Signa cruds conGia ribi geatnre videntnr, 
Gestaut ludei corpora signa del. 
Bat, In truth, the haired of Julian waa so great, that some of tlie atoriea about bim at* 
too horrible to repeat here; there is, however, one eicsp^on, a very notable one. The 
author of tbe Otita rpittoporuBt Ntapolilanoram (eighth or ninth century) eaya ; 
■luliano apostata imperatore facto, ad idolorum cultum convereo, blanda perseeutio fblt, 
inlldens magis qaam iiopelltiDs ad saeritlcaDdum, in qua mutti voluntate propria cotm»> 
mat.' A very remarkable instance of toleration and fair-mindednese in such an epooh. 



I 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRTMES 91 

haue wo left \i'i lorilchip for we be not fale feyned crialett as )m)U preUndiet 
but trew seruauntis on to ou? lard. He tent bem b geyn a new meBtage 
nndyr swech wordiB. je ]>ai were norchid in pe emperoiires lioua it ia not 
Bemly (wt je schuld witbdmw jou fro my prescns for if it be so )»t I 
be deepi^ed of ;oa !t is nedful to me to make swech ordinaana ^t neythir je 
ne Qon o]>xt echnl be diE</piEcre8 of }>e empi?. Paule and ion eeot bim )?is f. 8 
anawere pat pe'i diapiaed him nowt in Bwecb degro Jiat Jjei worchiped ony 
ojjir man more |7an bim but }ici put be Tor Iiim in worchip J)at lord ]>at bath 
Ilia lordcliip botii oujr heuene and erde, and be cause j^at his com auruJ mentis 
were contrnriouB to }>is bye lordis wU jncrfor Jiei aent Iij-m word pat pei wold 
ncuyr come to hia prrBCna, Julianii* sent on to hem a geyn and aeyd J)ue. 
Ten dayea aobul be jone jou of auiBement at )>e ten day if je come I scbal 
recejTie jou as my frendya if je eome nowt I wil puncb jon ob m3fn open 
enmyea. Aile pese dayes were f^eae aeyntis fill bysi for to gyue a wey al })&t 
euyr Jfei had on to po? cnaten men. On pe tent day cam terrencianiu 
o grete lord with juliane with a ymage formed aftir jnbiter comaunding hem 
on f>e emperourea name j'at ]?ei gchuld worcbip Jiis ymage na a god. Tbey 
anawered ritb thus. Juliane if he be f)i loid bane pes wilb bim. To ua is 
no otbir lord but pe fadir and ps auu and pe holy goat whom be was 
not aferd to forsake. And be cause he ia now jirowyn fro ^e face of god pfrtar 
wold be bring o^ir men to }>o aame fal. Aflir ):>iB comuiiicacioun pia same 
terrenciane ded make a pitle in her owne houa al be nyth comaunded 
liei* hedea to be amet of, wonde alt in clothis and byried hem ^us makytig 
a cry in pe morownyng l>e auctorite of pe emp^ou? )>at pel were exiled oul« 
of pe cite of rome. This was pe ende of pvfe marlires.' Bono aftir ^is 
waa julianw* kiUid in pe batayl of pers and aftir him jouimano pe emp«rou? 
be canse he was a cristen man ^aue leue to all criaten men to open 
hei' cberchis and exercise goddis aeniyEe as })ei hod do be foi'e. Thuo deuelea 
with inne men were put oute apecialy in pe hous of ion and panic crying 
and diuulging here holy passion in so mech }}at f>e son of pe forBeid 
terrenciane whech was obceasid wilh a deuele cam on to )wt same houa of jon 
and panle and pe deuele with inne him cried fiat ion and panle brent bim. 

' The •ooount, u given bj nur cbromcler, of then two tUnnna uiuU ia correct In all 
<l*t»iU. They appear to have beeo nuirtTreil id tecret on June 26, SS2, a repon being 
kFtentardi spread that they had been exiled. Gut SS, Crispua, CriapfniuiQa, bdiI Bene- 
dicta foDDit the bodlai nf the martjim ia reipnam In thnir pnyen ; but they alas, cin 
refaain^ to (acrtfioe to talae godi, were in therr lum behfaded. It la intereating to note 
tbnt the two aainta wen held in grtui reverenee in England : far, bf the order of the 
Coiinoil hold in Oiford in the year 1223, it vaa laid dowD that od Uielr fnalnUy it waa 
•>h1i|,-atnrT to hear Moaa before aotnmeiit.'ing the diiy't work. It i* jmt patrible that 
they were eonrueed with B. John the Enngellel juid tL Paul the A|>uatle (Stadler. 
HelligmltilioB \ Acta Sanclumm, June, vol. r, p. 1S8). 
K 2 



82 YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

That herd (>e Tadir he cum fiidir nnd nakid forgifnes of hie treepas and b« fore 
bis eyae htB Boue waa cured, eke })ci both at esterne folowiiig we? mod 
cristen men for so was ]>e usage Jeanne. This esme ten-enciane endited 
pe lif and J^e martirdam of ))eEe Beyiitia for he coude beet be caase he was at i 
)w eude. 



X 



in margin 



Of l^e stacion at seyiit tn'phonia. cap xi. 

The satirdaj aftir puluyr wedutsduy is ]>e alncion at ae^t tripbonis 
an elde cberch it in and aseicld on to [^e cherch is a couent of freres whecb 
we clepo comouiily hei-emitis of seyut anatyn.' In Jiis cherch lith aeynt 
triphon & aeyiit reapiciuH wheoh waa his fekw. Tliedir is eke neuly 
tranalnte J^ body of aeynt monica tnodir to eeynt austyn. The? be alaoo |>e 
bodies of teynt felice pope *,' seynt auree' & longii martirea, (« bed of seyot 
mcnne & niiuiy o)^ir. Who aeynt monica cam }>Ldir and iu whos tyme with 
r al J>e declaracion we? long to telle who wil rede it / he may 

ee it a bouk f>at I mad titiled to aeynt aualiit whech 
B cleped rexcordia because it is a mane? of a concord 
be twix chanonya and ub.' Tlic eetitens of )>ai transhicioun 

' S. TrifoDO th polUrula wH built by Cre»oetitiu", Prefeot of Rome, in the yenr B57, 
under John SII, iaxla jxutervlat, in the street now called the Via delli Scrofa. It wu 
palled down to construct the AagusLiniBn oouTeDt now occupied by the Mini*trj of 
Mu-ine (Armellini, p. 851 ; Nibbj, p. (190). ' ^ Zu unt Tryfon lyget nshet bj uat 
AiiguBtln' (fin Baehliii, tc, atnuhvTg, 1500, p. E vi t, B.M.). 

' S, Felii IV, fihj-fourth Pnpa in order from 8. Pater, WM elected in 526, «fler 
fi. John Fi death in priion during the raign of Tbeodoric. He wne « worthy Pope, and 
did mueb vrork in bailding and adorning chnrahei. Uore eipeoially he oouverted the 
Temple of RddiuIqb into a church (SS. Cosmo and Damian) ; restored the Banlica of 
B. Satnniinni, which bad been deitrojed by fire; and completed iJiat of 3. Stephen. He 
lived into the reign of Athalario, and died in 529 or S30, being buried at S. Peter'ii 
(Stwller, Zf<(%«nleriibaia ; Aela Sanelomm, January, vol. ii, p. 1032 ; DuchEne, Libtr 
FoittifiealU, vol. i, p. 373). 

* 8. Anrea was martyred at Ostia in the middle of the third century by being thrown 
into the eea with a atone rognd ber neck. On rererring to S. Ceiuuriaus, S. Mennas is 
amongst those who suffered on the same occujon (Stailler, Btiligmltiikoi). The 
Awnymtii of Einiiedttn (ed. HfUsen), ch. liii, n. 12, p. 42, mentions a church of 
8. Menna, which Armelhni thinks was dedicated to the colebrated Egyptian martyr, 
tj. Menna*. It stood on the oelabrated portico from the Vatican to S. Paul's. Leo IV 
and Pascal I restored and adorned It, but it is not mentioned after the tenth cenlgry 
(AnnsUini, p. 742). 

* There appears to hava been xn entry in the margin of the HS. here, probably giring 
the name of the chronicler. Most anfortunatoty it has been trimmed off, leating only 
the few letters given in the margin of the book. From the eonteit it wonld appear that 
the ehroidaler was an Auguatinian friar, and author at another work called Concordia. 
Search tuw been made for this in the Amulatii Augutliniana (Antwerp, 1611) ; Nar> 
ducd'i Catalogue, lasB, of the Angelica Library ; Di4terlalu> iitloriea de iuemtlt vie- 
berrimltAujiuliiKirinii KriplorAai, Rome, 1704 ; CurUns Ct«nelim, Vivoram Ultutrontm 



4 



PUM (UuifrortMl I 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



03 



I wil write he? Bchoitly, The pope * martyn )»t was last at InBtanfl of 
& fre? of ou? ordi-e called pclir biachop elcctensts se^ten od to }« pope * |iat 
tyme for eo it u comounly p&t J>is ordre hath fiat office,' Be instau?ice also 
of a gret clerk cleped augurtinuB de roma general of ))at ordre for ^t (yme* 
jaue leue Jiat frerea of fiia ordre scliuld goo to hostie aiid bryng Jiis body to 
rome to f>* Bume place of aeynt tripbonis of whech place yta spinal chapel? 
is mad. He fout he Bcid in liis buH conucnient f)at sith )» cheich hath 
determined J>at heremiles of Jjib oidre be pe uery childyrn of aeyn auBtyn 
and eke for pe cberch be real powc? broiit hem in to pauy whe? ]>t\ haue 
possesaionn of J;e body of aeyot auatyn it was also conuenient Jmt pei whech 
haue ftc son achnld also haue pe modir. ThiR translacion was mad pe }ere 
of ou? lord ml ccecxx swech tyme as paline Bunday fell o jje i« day of april. 
Now of l^eBe aeyntis of whom )xi place is dedicate triphon and respicius wil 
we epeke. Thei boih were bore in aaie of good kynrod of nobil condicion 
and of grcte dispoBiciotin on 1o uertu. Wbati ]>ci were on of hem xii )ere 
old pe oj^ir xiiii happed to mete with a ciiBten prest whech baptized hem 
whech taute hem pe feith and grouftdly Icrned hem many treuthia of scriptu?, 
Aftir pel had take informacioun of j^is man )>ei went forth in pe cunt? whe? 
Jiei fel in felauchip with a jong child of here age and aftir her aque3'utftii™:e 
^is same waa gretely hurt of a B#rpent he made bis qnerimonie on to peat 
geyntia and prayed hem of help for he knew wel he seid put ou? lord god 
had graunted ht^m grace to bole swecb sores. Tho triphon prayed on to ou? 
lord with swech wordis. O lord lite of oure soules incline j^iu ereaon to ou? 
prnyeres and send on? felaw sum relea of hia peyne {»t aH f>ia puple may 
kuowe I'e for uery lord bauyng powe? onyr al l^ing. Thug waa pe child 
Bodeyiily mad hool. A noj^ir grete myruele ded Jjei he pe wcy to a greke & 
eke a marchaund J^at fell down fodeynly ded in he? silh }>ei reisid hiu fro 
detb to lif and joue him swech exhorlacion fiat he forsoke pe world and 
folowid crist forth aH his lyf. Thua fro asie in to rome in euwy town 
or CttBteli whe? fiei restid J>ei precliid pe feith of ou? lord ihu crist and ded 
many myraclea in encreaiug of pe feith. So come to rome and dwelt fierd in 
empoure philippie tyme hut undir deciua pe emperou? were |>ei martiied be 
pe meyr of rome aquiline. Fin>t were ^ei pat in prison kept fro mete and 
drynk fro comfort eke of aH cristen men, Jeanne were pel drawe oute of prison 
KC ordint tremil. D. Aug., Antwerp, 18S8. I' ; md Elaiaa PhiL Encomlattieo» \ bul 
no tnca of the {irewiit book, ooi at ona c&Ued Concortiia by ui Aiutm tri»r, o*D b« 
found kbout thii <kte (1450). 

 Pcttr, Biahop of Alet in BrittMiy. wu forty-five yean ucriiLin and librsriui to the 
Pope; Iliad lUO, in Franee (CAtoh. (Mi. Fral. Bin». S. Atgutl., p. 77 v, Roma, 1S81). 

' Aageitiniu Runwiiiu, epiacopui Nuiatueniu et C'cacncnaii ; ikppoinl«l GrDsnt] of 
Order 141> (p. 73); di«d 1I4B (p. 70 t) (CAroii. Ord. Fral. Ertm. S. An^puL, Rome, 
1581). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIITES 

onio toimeHtrje Jind euyr we? \>v\ redy to a!! mane? pcynes putting of hef 
cIoJjiB with good wil. Wlioim Jiei schuld le betyu offeiyng hem selue redy to 
I aH mane? tdnnmitrje. In all lie? pcynea \>a / meyhir aqiiylinui cryed on to 
hem with awech wordis, Knowe weel ;e jf>ng raen fat no miin aclial do 
a geyn \>e comauiidmcnt of )>e myty einperouria but ]ici Bchnl abyden 
ful biltir poynea. And )>iH answe? fiei gnue him a geyn. Be (wu aikyr alaoo 
^t no man schal be incbedient to ))e lieuendy comaundmentis but he achal 
be punchid with beile tormentia. Tlio lie lete hem down fro ))e gibbet whe? 
^i we? scorgid and comaunded ]te aoles of he? feet to be amct ful of Daylee 
and aoo to be led JJi'Ow cute pa cyte in ])e grete cold of wyntir, for he? day 
of be? delh and niarttrdani ie a boute jie fest of aeint martyDe. Laat of alt 
he comaujided he? hedea lo be smet of and so ()el knelyng and praying 
receyued he? martirdam for on? lordis sake. Thus ragne he? aoulea in heuene 
aud he? bodies in erd be had in mech woichip.' 



Of ]>6 Btacioun of aeint jou lat«ranenBM. caplm xii. 

The firat annday of lenton ia ]>e stacion at aeynt jon lateraiiensiV of whech 
place we aeid mech ])tng be fore in ]x; capitule made of ^ same cherch. 
But here jet we )>ink it ia reaonable to reherse aumrae fiingia p«rauentu? 
left be fo? for !t schal make ^e Loke mo? pcrfith and alaoo it si:hal not 
acombir )» reduria with no tariing for \>f> processe achal be aucciftct. This 
cherch ia ]>e first cherch j>at en^r was rered in )je world for couBtantio him 
selue aftir his baptem hntp for to di^e ^ groundia j^erof aud in p'lB aame 
place ia ]>e pope * crowned aftir Lis eleccioil). For j?is place was pnucipo! 
pateya of conatantiuc whech place j^e aaiue conatantiiie resigned on to 
silueater and eke \<e diadtnie of his bed for he mad him temporal lord ouyr 
al )» west aide of fw world. And ))at pen achuld he no eontrausreia be 
twix he? ofijccrea and he? hotiaholdia be rcmened to coiiatantinople and 
dwelt pert al his lyf. Mech J>ing ded pie holy enip*Tou? for pt cherch for 
aflir hia baptem be niii dayes eoery day ded he a notable f>ing. The firet 
day he mad a lawe and ded it pronounce jwrw oute rome aftirward parv 
out pe enipi? that criat ecbutd be honoured as a god and who so euyr 

' SS. Tryphnn and Reapicinacame, kocnnling to nae ftccounC, from Fhrygift, ■arlfuffered 
ro«rtjrdoni under Deciui during the winter of the ye»r A. D. 250. Other •torie« Uiffor u 
to Ihcir birth, standing, aad age. Some ny that S. Tryphoa was a alieplierd nnd of lander 
»ga, olbon that h« wu of uubla birth anil grown np. Re^iicini again, according to one 
account, was of the mmB aga and itanding, a companion and fellow oonrert of S.Trjpbon; 
luvording to another, ha wu a hoatben militarj officer, who wai conTarUd on Mcing tha 
ocnatancy of the laint Dtider Imtare, They are al*o Kinietiuiea aaiodiit«d with a S. Nympba, 
aboat whom litlla U known (Stadler, BtWstnUriton). 



i 



YE SOLACE OF PILORniES 95 

dispised him Buhuld be treted as a traitou?. The Becimd day was ^is lawe 
nio? largely eipressid Jiat whu bo euyv blaephemed pe uane of criit Ecbuld 
be slajn, Bkspbeme in undirstaud he?, whau men sey of crist o)>irwi8e 
[nui treuth as summe her«tikes seid )7iit he took no uery flesch ne blood of 
mary but ]>e body whech he took was formed of \>e eyir whech body he myth 
tiausmute as he wold. BluBpheme is eke cleped whan we aey of criat ofir 
vise })aii ia to his worchip a» pat he Bcbuld do ooy forfete or ony synue or 
giue meyntenaujiB to oiiy Eweuh )}iiigia. The fird day mudu he {lia lawe Jiat 
who BO euyr <led uny crlsteu man ony wroog a non witj oiiten ony u)>ir 
iugement be schuld leae half his godis. BeTor |:<at tynie it was leful to 
euery man to robbe cristfla men sud bringge / hem to }>e luge and pursowe p. 
hem to ^e deth. The iiii day he mad pta lawe pat eacne as J^e eniptTuu? of 
rome ia Eouereyn lord of y* empj? so schuld pe biBcbop of rome be bed and 
Bouereyn of all biBchoppis and )>la lawe in grounded in jie goBpeh whe? pal 
ciist mad petir bed of all pe iipostelia ioynod ptrto Jiat pniktik whanw pctir 
chase hia pWucipal sete at rome. The u day mad he ph lawe [>at who bo 
eayr fled to ony cherch for eauacioiH of hia lyf pe clierch schuld sauc him 
aud )>iB lawe is nowe ful euel kept a mougi^r ua, god ne seyntie ne eke lie? 
bontea are not hold in reuerens as jiei schuld.' The ui day waa |iia law 
mad ^at no man schuld make no diircb Jn uo cite ne towu but if he hail 
leae of pe bischop to whom put town longith. The uii day oi'deyned he ^at 
pe tithes of aU hia possessioties schuld be gndcred and treuly expendjd in 
edificncioun of cberchia. The uiii day cam he to |iat place whe? now Beynt 
petir cherch Is and mekely aaked for gifnesse of aH his aynnc, aftirward tok 
a pickex and reiBid p« ground pei po wallis schuld be, eke of grete meknease 
he bare oate of pe pitte of dikkid erde sli ueeeellis in worchip of pe xti 
Bpostelee.' 

' Tbe ' porta lanta ' appean tu h%\-p been aHgiaallf alway* opca ; <veD nurdcren who 
•tenl through It wure pardnneJ. Aooarding to MufTel it rcmuned open *piu Dinar 
frMilich gemart bet and j^ag- dadnrch nnd iprach ; wen got lieb oder lejt. to wult 
m hindarch geen nnd im mfulen win lUnd Tcrgeben werden ' , Thii being rcpm-ted to Iha 
pope, be ordered the door to be Wklled ap (p. 20). See alia Kucellki, /I GiMUo drl- 
FaHHO lanto ItSO, Archie. St. Pal , IBBl, vol. iv, bac. iv, p. fi70. 

' ' Item Kill enten tag *o eun>tanlluu( getanfft ward gi^pot er du man Jheauui eri*tum 
jn kller nelt eolte eren und kn bettaa nnil yn balten far einsn wareu got uad berren. 
^ Am andenia tage gepiit der keyarr wer pjaem criaten ein leyd that dsm lolt niao lein 
gut balb neoien. ^ Am driltea tage gebot er diu SilTeater *o1t Hjn eifl biachoQ' lA 
Krune. % An dem Tlerden lag gabiit er and MbufT in man all cr eiu keiaer nod etn 
hem were yn d'welt nber alls berren. Alao mlt teiii ein romlKher bLrehoff aber alia 
UwhoS uod aher alle prieeter die in der welt weran daa wart darnaoh Dber.ccc. iar 
iMBletiget Ton dem kaiur fuuoi,' &c "i Am funfftea tag gebijt CDoalantiDui «er in 
eyn kinihen entrfln der tott dar yn freyaag habea tot gewalt wa< miuetat «r gethon 
belts. % Am ieclwten t^e g:ebdl der kelier dm man krin kireheo K>U maelMn M 
erlaobet dan der pabtt oilrnter. 1 An .vli lag« gebot der kelier daa aian dem biwhoff 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME9 



Of ]» stacyoQR of ee^t petir ad uinclo. cap xiii. 

The munday aftir |« first sonilay is }>e Btacion at a cherch Jwi clepe Bci 
pctri ad uincula ]7er« is scbewid )ie cLene fiat he was bounde witti at ierlni 
pllgn'raeB kisse it aJid put it aboute he? fjrotes.' Of Jiis place fynd I mech 
writing and long wliech I schal abreggiu he?. We lede nel pat aStir pe 
aecencion of crist pelir a tx>de atille at ierhn and in pe cunl? a boute. Tbia 
witnessit seynt paule io hie eptstel ad galalhaa whech aeith Jiat nelJly aftir 
bis CDnuercioiD he went ap to ierlm for to Be petir and pert dwelt with him xu 
dayes. ThuB petir dwellyug at ierlin and preching [x; fcitli of ou? lord ran 
in offons of pe iewia whech batod crist and pel of malice acuaed bim to 
beraude )it was mad lord of al pat cunt? be pe jift of gayna wbenh waa pan 
emperou? of rome. This huniiid killid first Bcynt ianie bro])iV on to jon pe 
euangclist and whaa he had aspied {lat he pleaed ]>e iewis with j^is dede he 
leyd wecch fur to take petir took him and bond him iu prieon with chenes, 
aaaigoed many meji to wecoh him hut jet wob he delyupred meruelously be 
an aongelt as it ia wrytyu iu actilru« aitoetolonitn. And yis same cheyiie 
whech pe AungeH loeid is jjat aame whech is ia so mech reuerena at rome. 
But be cause fiat pere is grete errou? whech lierande ded )}iB dede for pere 
wer iii ptrktr wil I here achortly write u reula whech I fynde in uere jiat 
men may know wbau l^ei regned and what pei dede in be? tyme. The oera 

aoM geben hia ffir den kaiierUohen pfennig van dem leyb luiii Khuff di tvbenJen der 
kirohen. Am .viii. Ug da ^Dg or hIIw iA not petera kiroheu die van cleyn unii Lub da 
ta di miltter iii bawen and liallf gelbi arbeiten unrf tru^- wlbe* .lii. kurbe myt eideo uiz' 
{Kin Unchlin, to., StriMburg, 1500, pp. B ii and B iii). ChapMr liJ of the Ltgtnda nurra 
(if G. da Voragine alao refen to thii Bubject. Graf meDtioua this and aayi: ' Ailora 
pec Mtle glond ooiiMOUtivi promnlga ogta giomo una legga in favor della chisaa u della 
fede 1 e la prima b che neUa oitU di Roma Cmto tU adorato qua! leto Dia ; la HUnda, 
die ehiun(|ue beaMnimia Criito «ia punito ; la tena. cho chiunijae fa inginria a uD 
criitlano perda la met! del bdo avere ; ta quarta, obu il Pontafics RoBiana oa da tatti i 
veaoovi rioouoaciulo par capo; la quinta, cba chiunqua cipara in una cbieia aia Unutn 
immune; la wall, che neuuao poau coatniir chiete dentro le muia di uaa cittk Hnia 
aTcrns ottannta lieenxa dal vewwTO; la aettima che nlla edificaiioiie delle chieie ni 
eoiuacri il dcoimo dei pooediineDti imperiali. L'oltavo giorno rimperatore va alta 
cbieaa di S. Pictro, acciua le aiie coipe, e devendod porre le fondamenla delta nuora 
bawlica prende a cavare con le propria mani la terra, e ne leva lulle proprie lue a]«lle 
dodioi iporte ' {Kniaa nrlla laemoria, ftc., vol. ii, p. 82). 

> Tlie oliurch of S. PeUv ad triiieula km built by Eudoiia, wife of Valeutiiilan III, to 
preierve the ebaia with which Peter wai bound at Jerusalem. Leo the Grent addsd 
another chain with whioh the Apo«tIa wai bound at Rome during the perseealian of 
Kero, The date of the church waa about 443 ; it waa called the BatilUn Eiulariana. 
trota its founder, and dedicated to the SS. Apoatle*. Sobsequently it waa reatored in the 
eighth century by Hadrian I, and entirely roconatructed by Sixtua IV and Juliui II ia 
tbe fifteenth and alitecntb centoriea (Adinolfi, Vul. ii, p. lOS ; Armellinl, p. 663; 
Maiucchi, p. 31! 1 Nlbby, p. 603). Muffcrnya of the churcb <.p, 42): 'doligt gar ei 
gniMer gegoaner atelner tnig nnd rin abtgot dapey.' 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



9r 



ar^ieM- Asrolonitu necat puerosimtipa iobaniieni Agrippn iacoboiri claudrna 
iu oarccM jietrwwi. The Beutena of pene uers is (lis. The? we? iii bertLuUes 
regnjng by und by / on of Lew hith Leraude ascaloiiite ye o).'ir heraude t S88 » 
antipas pe [jirde lieraude ngrippa. This aaealonite was he [lat regned in 
ierlm at crittis bitlh whecli comaunOed aH |>oo inuocentiB to be slayn pat 
cribt BcUultl be lied a mongi's hem. Aotipaa was be fiat killid eeyut Jon pe 
baptiate. And agrippa was he |iat killid seynt iame and prisoned seint 
petir of whos cheyuea in p&t aame place we haue nov take on haiide to 
speke. Who }>an put Jwse cheynea cam to rome it b lold in eld bokys. 
The doatyr to tliendosius pe emperou? called Eudoaia' aftir tyme ^at sche 
was delyuered of a wikkid spirit be preseua of seynt aleuena wlian he cam 
first to rome bb we told be fo? iu )» cbapete? of seynt laurens Jiis same 
woman Jins delyu<red went ou pylgrimage on to iiTlm to worchip (jere pa 
holy steppes of crist. And be caose sche was grete of birth and held pert 
grete honshold ache drow mecb folk to hir aqweyntannce but in Bpectal o 
■ew waa pere whech acho had take to grete familiarite. He told hi? of ]>e 
cheynes wheeh seynt pctyr waa bound with, and whan he aay Jut Bcbe 
desired bom he brout hem on to hir and jaue bein as for a grete jift. Than 
cam Bche to rome with pie relik and had a grete couni.'eH with pt pope * 
pelagiiM what achnld be do with ptae cbeyuee for Jjei both desired jiat p«r« 
schnld be a Bp«tital place and sp«cial solempnite consecrate on to hem. Than 
was pere in rome be fore (jat tyme a grete haliday pe first day of august in 
worchip of octaniane whech solrrnpnile myth not eaily be distroycd. Tho 
mail fis woman ]na eherch and pe pope* ordeyned J^at al fat Bolempnite 
whech was doo in worchip of octauiane echuld be turned to worchip of seynt 
petir. The cheyne (lat cam fro ierlm fro beraudi* prison was brout be |>ifl 
woman and offered pore. The pope * broute pt same cheyne whech petir 
was bounde with at comaundment of uero and whann pel were both broute 

 Eadoiia wu the wife of Tbeotlotiui II. Her nune wa# Athenu*, and abe wu tha 
daughter of Leontioi (or HcnKlim). ui Athenian pliiliwopher. In tha y«r i. D. 4! 4 iba 
went to CoiutantiDOpU, »h insLr<uitc<] in the tsneU uf Cbrittiuiity by Atticn* the 
Patriarch, and wai baptiied, taking the name of Enilcuia. She nuiried tho eni|i*n>r and 
bure him one Jaoghtar, Laoinia Eudoaia, oho marriai) the Emperor Maiimui. Eadoaia 
undertook her pilgrimage to Jenualem in tha jrear 138 ; on her retam ihe brought back 
tbe relict of S. Stephen with her. Bat, in the year 449, the emperor accuaed bar of 
(nfidelitj ; tbia aoiinoioo led to the aieciition of the patrician Paulinas. She ■ftarmrdi 
obl^Dod leave to retire to Palatine, where ahe Bpent the reit of her life in piety and 
work* of ofaaritj. She waa a diaUngviahed pMteas ; wrote a Dommentarj on the drat 
tigki booka of the Bible in rene, a parapbraie of tha booki of Daniel and Zechariab, and 
three wotki in pnOw of the maTtjr 9. Cyprian. None of her wnriu haTe, faowerer, coow 
down lo DS. She ii often called Bodoiia ; she abould not be ooafuied vitb the Empreia 
Eadoxia, who petaecuted S. John Chiytoatoni, ami died iu the jear i.D. 4DS (Sladler, 
Ili^igtnUxikon ; Acta Sunclorum, Aognat, toL iii, p. 4). 



I umltgtttUin 



98 YE SOLACE OF PILOUIMES 

to gidir sodejnly be myracle ]>e o cheyne vas fast ou to pe of>ir as |)ou (»' 
bad be wroutb bo aud pus }>oi pcrseue? in to ]i\b game da;.' A uo])ir cause 
of )>iB feat is told p^t pope* alisaundre whech was ]ic eext pope * fro sei»t 
petir waa in priuon for ciiatia caQse and on tiwyrine waa liia Itepe?, So fiia 
coiMnaant was be twix bem both p^t qwyriue echuld debit hia chejnes ]>at 
be was bounde with and achet al \>e dorea of fe prison aud if be mj-tb tbat 
nyth come to his hous be schuld be leue in criat. Thus was be alisaundre 
be an auiigeii menieloualy delyueryd fit) prison and appered on to hem and 
J>ei mad ful promiase to be baptized. Tbo fei prayed him for helth of he? 
dontyr whecli was mn-uclousty seek. Aud he comsunded hem }>nt Bche 
Bchald go to bis prison in whech be was aud kisse bia cheyues and boo 
Bcbuld 6che be hool. Qnyryne seid on to him a geyn. Bchal scbe go fiidir 
& not fynde \>e |je? and he anawerd. He |>at brout me )>ens be myracle 
f. 389 T Bchal lede me a geyn be ]mt same mene. Tlie mayde cam aud fond / pope * 
in pn'aon and wban ache wold a kiasid Lia cbeynea he comaunded bir to 
seke pe cbeynes of seynt pelir and kisse hem so did ache and was hoi. For 
f)is apecal myracle pia aame pope ' ordeyned ()is fest to be solempnyzed in 
pt chcrch.* Hany myraclea hauc be doo with ^e same cheyntt as is openly 
declared in many bokes of whecb we haue no loiser to speke now. 



Of pe Btacioun at seynt anastase. Caplm xiiii. 

The tewisday aftir J>e first sunday is pe stacion at seynt anaatase a fay? 
cfaercb fast be seynt georges but it h but seldom used as I euppose.' Tliis 

' An kooauQt of thU eTeiil u givao in the Dt*eriplio plrmria, vbiek our author hia 
made uw ot. It rum : ' HJc Htm pcrrenit osqne . . . kpoitularuin Potrj ct Pauli.' The 
Meond ohiuii, bowever, Booording to the Miratilia, wm the one with which S. Panl wu 
boanii bjr order of Nero (Urlioh*, Cod. Tapog., p. 10*>. 

 Alexuidcr I wm elected Pope in the year 109. Hii feiut-day !■ on Maj 3 ; there 
Ii no Booount in Stadler'i lltiligeiileTikt-n of the mincle of the chiJni here reUtcd by our 
ohmileler. He wu impHsoned, together with two priMti, Eventiu* and Theodalo*, 
undar Ibe Emperor Hadriaii (acconliag to eouia Tnjan) ; the aame of bit jwler wm 
QuiriDua, aod he, with laaoj othcn, wu coaverted and baptixed bj the pope. Thej 
were all martyred under circumituioe* of great cruelly, and buried on the Via Nomenlaoa. 
Tliit Pope IB remarkabl'' for having introduced aome ooftnms into the Church whiuh hare 
luted untU the preient day. For rumple, he wu the Bnt to mil water with the wine 
of (he Sacrament, in memory of the blo«l and water which Bowed from our Saviour'* 
tide ; abo the ouRom of miiitv nit with holy water, the «lt being preTioualy bleaeed. U 
due to biin (Stadlar, Briligmliaaoit ; Acta Snneloram, May, toL t, p. SET ; Dachemc. 
Libtr Po»t\fiealit. rol. i, p. 13T). 

' The church of H. AoMlMia guTe • title In a canliaal in the fifth century. It wm 
rebuilt in 7», aga'D by Innocent III in IVIO, and r«rtcr«d by Siitui IV ia 1475. 
Urbu VUI rebuilt the fapade in lOSS, and Cardinal da Cunha altwed tht iatarior to ita 






YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



nnaatage Wab b voman of grete po.' 
hir lif telletli, Prelaxatus 
fauBfa hi 






.dJ Icuyd in grete ptrfeccion u 
) he was hir fader and 



of r 



r modir. This Bnme fauata was ctmuerted to crist he mediacion of 
a holy bischop )%i cleped crisogoDus. Eke j^is same anaetasia fro ))e tyme 
(wt eche ooude epeke was induced on to pe feith hir fade? dwellyng sliH in 
his pagunite. So whan sclie cam to womannea age ache was consti*eyned bo 
Li? frendis to bo weJdid to on pulilitw a rich ma«nea child but of ful euel 
condiciones. Sche I'us weddid a cristen woman on to a bethen man wold 
not comoun wilh him id flescbly comunicacioun but feyned hir selue aeeli (j&t 
Bchold undir ]>at colon? abstine fro his bed. And whan he hod nspied )nt 
sche was a criaten woman aiS who sche wold in ful febil aray only with 
o mayde uiaite )>e pn'soncs in whecb cristen men we? putte and rofracch hem 
plentenously with hir goodis a uon {dIb wikkid husboud rperd hi? in a prison 
and ordeyned ]>at sche schuld neithir haue mete ne drynk deairing ^i^t sche 
■chuld deye for hungir Jiat he mylh aftir hir deth entir b to hir nobel poaaes- 
aioun & spend it in ryot and reuel as he had don hia own?. Tlius ia j^ia 
woman in prison with oute conaolaeiouw sane Jiat sche sent c<rteyn letteris 
on to seint grigogoniiA and he sent a geyn to hi? epiatelca of ful holy counc^ 
as men may lede iu hia lif and perauentu? whau we schul speke of him we 
wil reherse hem [lere. Thus aftir grete tribulacioun fjis woman had sum 
what of hi? desi? for hir buabond deyed & sche with swech godes as were left 
ful plenteuoualy dcd elmease for criatia aake. Tliau was ache aftir |:iiB broai 
be for a inge ajid accused y>ai ache was criaten. The iuge say f^' beute of hi? 
and undirstood weel )iat sche was bo? to grete lyflode be led bir ia to a pnay 
chambir in purpose for to defile hi? ]>erc. A non as ^i were alone eodeynly 
he was blynd and eke (wrto ewech maner maledye feti up on him Jwt with 
inne a litil while be deyed in his seniauntis armes. Than was ache liroute 
on to a no}>ir iuge and he aeid on to hir in councell. Anastase if )>oa wil 
be a cristen woman do as crist bad pe jyue a wey al j^i good sod folow him 
in ponerte, Sche answerd him on pie wise. Crist bad me gyue my good 
for hia /sake not to rich men but to pore men. Tfaerfor be cauM poa art r. 389 * 
rich I schuld gretly doo a geyn my lordia comaundment if I joue my godes 
to pe. Than comaundei] j>e ingefiei schuld lede hi? to prison and lete hir 
deye J-ere for hungir. In whech prtton a uirgioe whech was marlir but 
fewe dayea be fore fed hir with beucnply mete ii monthis. Aftir pai tyma 
passed tche and ii hundred maydeui* were exiled out of rome to certeyn 
ylea whech be cleped irisule palmarie be cause many palmee growe ptr4. 
And not long aflir ^e same iuge went }]idir and put hem aH to [le deth bat 
pnnot rorm in ITU (AnneUiui, p. Ill ; Maraochi, p.2l« : De RoimI, Bollelliiut iTJrtih. 



100 YE SOLACE OF PILORLMES 

QDnstage lie deil byrnJe to a tre Jmt Bche schnid he brent wlie? Bclic comciuliil 
hir Bottle to gixl nnd bo deyid longo or j)e fi? breut ony grele pari of hi?. A 
wortlii man gat hir body and biried it a rome as many men suppose.' 



Of ^ Btacion at a 



Clip xu. 



The wedniaday aftir pe first eiinday is \>e stncion nt a cberch fei depe 
Bca maris maior of whech we spoke of be fore and told oil fje wi-ityngw whech 
we founde J*re. But ueuarjwlasse for perfecoii)n of pe book we wil plnnt 



I notable processo whech fel 
gregory in hie book of omclies telleth 
haunted mech f>is oherch and ftis tale 
sey pe last. Tliere was an elde womi 
monasterie be fo? he wo» pope.* This woman 
Suhe hnd ioJ^led on to hir in I'eluucliip too )ong 
whech wer on to hi? disciples. On of hem hith 



•is place. The holi doctor seynt 
liable procesBe of a woman whech 
1 JK xi omelie of bin book pt,t U to 
I rome swech tyme b.s he leued in 
Oman hifh aa he eaith rede*«pta. 
women of gode coiidiciones 
ula of pe ojjir he seith 



be knew ]k fas but not pe name. AH iii lc>ued |)ua in good lif in a hous fast 
be pie clierch of teyut nmry and eu«ry day were ]joi in )7at place with deuout« 
contcmplacioun and in ful despect hahite. Ro aftir many jerea pii& spent in 
holy lyf (lis romula fel in to greuous siknesse swech as )>ei clepe pe p^raJiEe 
whech encrcsed up on hi? ^at scbe lost all pe use of hir membris. Thus 
lay Bche many jeris wel blessed of god for fie mo? sckuesee sche had pe mo? 
paciens hail sche. On a day sehe ukped hir miiystresse on to hir and eke hir 
feliiw and prayed lieni to sitte by hi? in felauchip to hir coumfort. Eucne 
as |ie sitte by bir |;ei herd grcte meluJye in pe boua and felt sote sauou? of 
whech )>ei felt iieiur ere and biaily |:iei gunne loka ou Jris woman whech lay 
))ns long sek for Jiei supposed uerily }>at sclie knew more of swech [lingis 
fnu [)ei. Tho pe seek woman seid on to hem peae wordca. Beth not a fcrd 
for I scbal not deye peee Uii dayes. Tbe iiii day scbe cleped hem a geyn and 
prftyed hem pat pe prest myth come and ministir on to hi? pe holy sacrament 

' Tbe aonq>l«d wtarj of 8. Anutarik, widow kod mortjr, dlffon anmewhat &oin that of 
ODT ohrooider, although he ia in the muo correct. She appeitn to hare lived in the time 
of IXodeliaD, and to bare been baptjied ai a child, a rare occurreDce in thote dayi. She 
refuted to live a* a wife with her pagan htuband, Publlui, and he impriioDed her io ber 
own honae. When, howeier, ahe woa like to perish from hunger, her bntbaod binuelf 
died, wbQe on a joarne; to Penia, nnd the was &ee. Her worki of ChrutiaD charity 
brooght her into contact wiih S. Critogonua ; ahe aocoinpaided bim to dqoileia, whpra 
be na* martfred. Hera ahe wai impriaansd, and left for thirty dayri without (bod or 
drink. She waa then put into a boat, throagh the bottom of which man; holea had been 
bored, and aent to lea in it. But tbe boat did not (ink ; and flnallj abe wan burnt at tbe 
■take, in tbe year 304. Her remaiua, acomling to uine aooounti, were brought to Rome ; 
■eoording to olhcn, to ConatanlinnplB (Stadler, HtUigenlerlkoit). 




YE SOLACE OF PIIGBIMES 101 



So was it do in deile and aftir Jwt ministery fuliillid t>ei herd \>a same noyec 
agayn and felt |m saiae sauou? more ouyr/J)ei herd in \>e strete aa it had be f. 890 f 
toe sundry qweres on of men an othir of women singing ful Bwetly and in al 
JjiB swete mi'lodye Jrci loked at romula and hii- gouie was passed and goo. 
This tellith scint gregorie to Jiia concluaioun Jmt \v\ ))ftt seme wreceliid are 
sumtyme fulder wovllii witli gud and we reheraid (jib to Jiis ende to magnify- 
ing of )>is cherch whech jjeBc women moat uaed.' 



Of )>e atacion at aeint lanren^ paniBperne. Ca xni 
Anothir stacioun is l>ere on pc t^ursday aftir )>e first Sunday of lenton at 
a cherch ])ei clepe seittt lanrens paiiiapgrne. This place aa I suppose was 
cleped w) for gret pleule of bred mad jtere. For pania in her tonge is breed 
and pwna or p«rne aoundith as fatoease wboch fatneaee with a mane? of 
B tranaumpcion is uenl in oni langage for plente as we aay a fat lond wbech 
IB p1erit«uou« of birden. This place clepid )>iis pautsp«me was a place in 
whecb mech bred was mad & many oueaes used fur in on of )>ooouenesaa ^i 
aey pert wbech oaene leatetii pere at j^is tyme was seynt laurens roslid.' A 
gret mcraeyle to me growitb in |)ia mate?. Summe sey he waa rostcd un 
^ white ston ]>Bt Btaut at seynt luurfna and pat suppose I best for n roan 
may jet ee pe places whe? l>e greea and pc flesch of him fried and J>iB ston is 
not smal to put esily in a oaene for it ia as mech as a cumoun grauoston. 
. Summe aey })at be was rosted on a gridel of ynin of wbech many parties 

 The aoconnl af the livaa of S. Redempta and BomDla will be foand in St. Oregory't 
Dial. iv. IS (Sudler, BtitigaiUiikm ; Ai-hi SaneloTHVt, July, vol. v, p. 483). 

* Tbe ohDrDh ol S. Loreiuo in Piiniiptriin waa Ibnnerly kaairn M S. Lorpnz" in Pitr- 
moKi or Formonio, the memiung of which ia obacarc. It might refer to altaralloot carried 
nat by Fopa Formoeui ; but to Pnrmonio, which it mentioned In tba ninth centary, 
would appaar Ui- refer to  locality. The ohnrch vu rebuilt and oonioGrmted by 
Boniface VUl in the year ISOO, ngaio under Gregory XIII In I1>7G, and Uatly by 
Leo X11I In 1693 (Annelllni, p. S06 : Uaruocbi.p. 871 i Adinolfl, ii, p, HIO; Nibby, 
p. ROE). See bIhi HOlien'* Ptanla di Rama il*ir Awmimo Eiiintdleiut, where it !■ 
montioned three tiroee, on pp. 17, 3G, and SS.alwayiu -8. l«ur«itiui in Fnrmoneu, uM 
ille auatui eel '. ' Anidio el peluo de boUmpiade dove fo aruatito wnato loreaau bendi* 
deto doTe Du> e la eocleiia oioe nioaaallem du dnne in o vedotw ta foraueta & baxatotla 
dare qneUo MMto (a aroetlto' [EdiJlelUiiion lil melti patatti, Venice, 1480. p. B i*). 
IIm name Panieperaa it diSleiilt io explain : it may ntv to aa old pf^an Latin iniori^ 
tion in the obnrch, in which the Dame Perpannia oooun. In the SHratUiit, CoJsx Mar- 
Har«u,th«folloviit2paaii(tei* nut witb : < IotbermieOlymptadui,i>lii iMetui fult uuietu 
I^areotina, et 'ooatar ibi Paniapema; idao dlcitur PaniejRnu quia Olympiae, mor 
Phlllppt regie Maoedonii ibi eolcbUor pro dea, et ofTerebalur el panii, pola el pama, *«1 
oaropomna'Ccf. Graf, vol. I, p. )i;l. But tha writer hae.oFcoune, ounfnaed the baUa 
nt Aleiaader Hevero* with a euitpoeed palace nf Alexander Ibe Gnat ; Ihe latter waa at 
tlila period popularly beliered to have baen offered and to have Booeptsd the crown of the 
empire by the Itumane. 




102 YE SOLACE OF PILGBIMES 

lesteii }et id rome aiitl sre kis^id with ful grete reusrens for touchiog a(holy 
body. SumiDQ sey ]>a.t he waa leyd in & ouene. I may weel be leue |)at hia 
tonnentis wc? channged now to o peyne now to a nojiir and J>uh at dynars 
channges had he dyaers tonnentis and all in fy?. In confirniaeiouii of myn 
opyniou is pAt first I lede in hia lyf J'at \>ei took grete breriiiyng plates ol 
yruu aod leyd hem to bia aides. I rede tilso ]3at decins seid on to him )>at 
al ]iiit nyth scbuld be spent in tonnetn'e of his body wbech aoundith on to 
my ei-es J>at pert wsb chanwge of tonnentrye. In his lif eke is red who 
deciiM coniaunded a bed of yru» to be brout forth in wheoh laurena echuld 
rest- This bed of yiDU is clepid pe gridil. And I auppoBe ueryly {>at if I 
had now at hand p6 grete book of mai-tires whech is cleped pftsnionariom 
I schuld fynde mo testiraoniea for myn oppinionM.' Sufiiseth as now )»tour6 
deuociouN be enclined on to ]7e treutbia whech )>e cberch of rome pi-rchid both 
of pe ston whech is bald in grete reu^rens and titont in pe pnncipal pait of 
pt hcA cberch of him euene on pa rith hand of pe popes aete. And okc of 
pe ouene whech is anexid to a chcrch of his name and fut wel htllid a bone 
in whech cberch eke a? ful good women lyuyng fiolitarie lif in ho? confem- 
placioun. Many ol^ir relikea ar B(;hewid in })is cberch of wbech I hauc now 
no fresch rememberauna for I wrote hem nowt for pv preea }>at was pen.* 



T / Of }>e atacion at pe xii apostelea. cap. xoii 

The friday in pc first weke of leuton is pe stacion at a cbereh dedicat to 
pe xii aportelea.' The? is part of pe bodies of philippe and iacoh but 
in spinal |Tcr« is schewid pe arme of seint pbilippe a) boot.* The? \y 
pe bodies eke of peee martires basilidis cirini naboris namrii ft ceisi uictoris 

' By tKiniontin'uni U oo doubt meant one of tba martyrolugiM which w«ra in uu ia 

 For K full Moount of the lib uid martjrdom of S. LAurenoc, »et Stadler, SriUgm- 
ItsrHton ; Ada Sanrtortaa, Augtut, voL ii, p. tSS. 

' It ia believed that the obuTDh of the SS. Apottoli dates rrmn the CoDitaatiDian period, 
with which opinion, hawever, Armallim doee not itgne ; nnr ii the paiuge in the Liber 
PonliJIcaUt, which would Mtribute it to Juliui I (337-40), qtiite oonTinmog ; bat the 
church wu oertunl; restored b}! FeUgini I >tid Jobu III kboot the middle of the nxtb 
cenlor;. It wae rebuilt ia 1(20, and again in l702. Stephen V and Martin II reaton:d 
the church, and a portico was added to it b; Cardinal GiuUano della Rovare, afterwanli 
Jolini II (AriDelllm. p. 139 ; Uaracchi, p. 390 ; Nibb;, p. 108 ; AdinolB, ii, p. 10^. 

• The date of S. Philip'a death ii variousl; given between the yean S4 and 90. 
The relici of hia body were formerlv for many jeare Tenerated at Hierapoliii they were 
brought later to CoMlantinuple, and thenoe to Borne. At the Utter place they were 
placed in the church dedicated to the t>S. Apoftlu. The HttligenlaHcon lays, 
' Wahraebdnlich wegen der oben genannlen Widmiing die«er Baiilica an alle Apoitel 
wnrde ebedem am 1. Mai tugleicb daa Feat alter Apottel begangen,' 



YE SOLACE OF PILGEIMES 



103 



ft inuocenoii.' This pliilii)pa was tnartired in Hunj and nftir translate 
to rome and ])iB iames martired at icrlm and eko brout to rome. Of j^cse 
Myutis basilidie cirini Ic naboris fj'nJe we but litil writyng but )?at |iei were 
ded for criatis sake in a cyte f^ei clepe ebreduneuBis • and aftirward in tjme 
of p«e8 translate to rome. Of ])is nazariu« and eke of ceUus fyude we 
}nis wrytyn. That )>is nazariui was bore in rome hie fadir hitli aifricatiuj 
his modir pwpetua both we? ]>ei baptized be )m bandis of seyut petir. He 
him seine was baptized and lerned in \>e feilh be J» labou? of Keynt clement. 
Aftir good instrucdonn of seynt clement he went })row aH ytaile be placens 
Bnd melane and so ouyr ()e mountis til he cam in franna enyr preching Tpe 
feith of ou? lord ibQ. And in frannce in a cyte ^ei clepe cnnelle a wor)>i 
woman of }Je town toke liir child on to Ida lernyiig wbech f>ti clei>e celaua. 
Whom be baptized and taute him }» feith & so forth both fiei went up in to 
itaile who? he preohid pe name of cWst for whech preching nero coinaunded 
J>at he Bchuld lie led in a schip in to }« mjddis of \>e see and pert J>rowe in. 
So was he aeniyd and celaus eke. The tempest roos aftirward whech was 
likly to ouyr turne ))e Bchip and ]>ei whech we? in J>e acliip sey Jwae scyntis 
walkyng on [>e see and cryed ful so? on ))iB wise. We haue aynned a geyn 
]>e god of naaariug wherfor we schul (ley. And to pe seynt ]Je cried pas. 
Thou holy man nazarius help uu in ou? nede and we scbal lede pa to what 
haucne jwu wilt. He anawerd a geyn. ISeleue je |jat my god may sane jou. 
They seide pel beleued. Tho entred he ]w euliip and bleased liem in cristis 
name and charged hem to kepc hem fro pv doctiiuc of nero dcuelea. Sone 
aftir sesed pe tempest and j^i sette him np on pe lond whe? he went 
and pr«chid as he ded be fore. Thus cam he to melau whe? be fond 
in prison gernaae and prothase whose confort he was enery day. This 
aspied of on anolinus whech had bauched hem pe cite a non at pt precept of 
nero he comau»ded hem to be heded.' 



' SS. Bmilidd*. CjrinuB, Nabor, tai Sutaiut vtn Komxn (oldlen; they were 
inpriKinpd in the tims of Diocletiui an kooannt of their belon^iig to tlis Chriitiui bith. 
Their j>Uer Mucelliiii WM, with mftay otfaen, converted by them. They w«re nurtyred by 
order of the Emperor MtitaiiaD, mnd their bodim thrown to wild beaitc, which rafuied to 
touch them. Thoy were then honoantblj buried by their fellow Cluittiaiu (Stkdler, 
Heillginlfxikon ; Acta Banelnrvm, June, to], ii, p. 511). ' Embrun. 

' The S. N'uuiiu MmUly coupled with S. Cabu*, whose story i* reUt*d by our 
chronicler, ia not the S. Nmuriui mentioned in the lut note. The confusion Kriae* from 
the two (ainta haTing a common festival day, June 12. The aoceptod history 
ragarding him difTcn slightly &oin that of onr author, who is however generally rarreet. 
Hi> tather Africanui, fnr instance, is said to liave been a heathen. Noticing the diirerenee 
in the religion of his pnrenU, S. Naiarius was divided in his ojanions ; until at lut ha 
WM inclined to the ChristiaB fiUth, anil was baptised by S. Linus. His father endeavoured 
t« bring Mm back to the pagknrelipon.bBt in vain; finally, under threats uf peneoutlon , 
and at both Us pncents' wish, he left Borne, proceeded to Piaccnia and Ihenee to Milan 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRI1IE8 



Of pe BtacioD at seynt petir cberch. cap suHi. 

The satirday in }>e first weke is )>e stacioan at aeyai pelir clierch of nheol^l 
we spoke rnech before but aunt pety J^iogia left we for to plant in whanoe ^.1 
staciuunCB come for etmueniens of ]>e book. The? is a place ioyaed to jwtfl 
f. S91 T chercb whech ]im clepc naticanu*. / UaticaniM was u bous in ]ie hethen I 
lawe ID U'hech bous ]>e prestes of j^nt luwe had answere of certcyn materea of I 
wbech ]>ei made inquisicion. For uates in latyii tnnge is aa mech to sey afl 
a prophete and canus is eld so it soundith an elde propbete. FtraaentalJ 
Jie deueles wold not jeoe snswere but to he? elde seruauntea to cause })e ofn^l 
;uDger men to dwelle )>e more stabily in he? errouris with gret desin 
to come sumtyme to knowlech of swecb prt'uy )>tngia. Thia place is u 
in many legendea cleped in ntonte uaticauo in pe monnt oaticane > 
^« cause is for it stant banging on a hilt. It is also cleped in 
apnllinis for a])pollo is Tpe dunue and f>ia temple was in special consecrole to f* 
sunne. In jiia same place wbech is cleped uatii»nu« was svynt petir byried 
and many o)>ir popes as he? legendis bo? witnesse for linua Jjat was pop« 
next seynt petir be was byried |Jer« first & aftir translate be o 
gregory biscliop of hostio on to J>at aame place. Cletus Ins sueceBBOu? waffl 
byried \>cre aleoo, and so was anacletus euaristus sixtus tbellopliorua iginitif fl 
luid piufi and many o)^r mo wbecb made \ib place of ful grete fame.' 



Of l^e slocion at Bca mari'a in domnica. cap xix. 

The seonnde snndny of lenton is p6 stacioun at a cborcb of on? lady )i 
clepe it sea maria in dompnica* ye place is cleped so as I suppose in ^~ 

where he met t>S. GvrvaaiuJi tad Protuius. The reit of tbe KccoDnt ^ven of him ii 
MS. U oorrvct. 88. Nmuriiu and OIsdr ware martfred b llie year 68, tad b 
bj the ChrittUo coni]iiiiiilt}> at MiUn, Their leiting-pUoe wns reveal«l to 3. Anibro— | B 
who founJ the budy of S. Naurina quite incompt and emilting  pleaaant odoa 
8. Ambrose buried the bodjea in the church of the SS. ApoatoU. Parti of the relic* of II 
two naint* ware diatributed to varioui town* i one wu giien to the church of S. GIoTt 
in F«aW [u Rome (Stadlsr, SeiUgrnlrxikoa ; Acta Sancfomm, July, vol. vi, p. G03), 

' Regjuding the crypt, Muffel E»ja that there wa« great jjardon at the altar ui 
which hair the bodlei of SS. Peter and Paul lay, but that : ' maa aperrot die grutl M 
auf von tvliDd wegen, die do gsuhehea moohteo, dan ea iat daaelbit Gaater' (p. 33). 

' The church of S. Maria in Dominica ia the only ooe which atill retuus the old ti 
dominioim. It ia thought by aome to occupy the lite of the houw of S. CirlM 
which itood in the Cattra FtrigTiaonim. The name (a naviedlit ia oonaidered both b 
Aimelliiu and Manjcchi to be modem, and not to be fouad before the sixteenth oantin 
when Leo X aubatituted the preaaut boat, now in the Piazia, fur the ancient oi 
ftvmetir MS. we we that the namewaa ingeoeraJ naein Romeat the time ofNicholaaTj 
and poMibl; for aome time before that. The church was reatored by Paaeal I ii 
LeuX,«hEnhe waa atill acardinal, reconatrucled it from deaiffiu furuiahed by Raphael •! 



TB SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 105 

eld bohes be cange po etacioun fiklUth on )>e sanJAy, For at jjia day 
(w ronmnfs clepe it a nojiir name Sea tnaria in nauiceUiH. And fas ia 
Jw canse wbi Jwi clepe it boo as fei Bei f>er«. Be fo? ))e dore of )mb cherch 
stunt u boot al of marbil as weel mm] as {>oD) it were tymbir witli ribbis and 
ronnd bolia where fie ores acbuld goo and nauis in be? langage is a sohip and 
nuuictlla a litil echip wbech we clepe a boot and of ^ie same nauicelle beritb 
^t cherch Lie name at {lia day. Dfaem opiniones herd I )>ere of )>ia schip 
surnine seid (rat n certeyn scynt cam be mynicle rowyog to rome in pat sarae 
bnt )w seyntea name J>ei told not ne mech otbir (jing whecb I ioqwyryd. 
Othir men Beid |>at ^e ueriiicle cam in pe same Echip ouyr pe se fro ierim 
pi'sliacioun ne writyng alegged ^ei non and perfor je ecbul baue ptae 
opiuiones rith as I haue. I may wel bo leue pa-l be p9 grete powore of god 
a ston myth flete on pa watir but wbeithir ]}iB ston ded bo or nowt 1 pnt it 
in dout. We rede weel ()nt at pe comaundmeTit of pc propbete faelyBc a grete 
exes bed tleted in ]» watir wbech waa not a gayn kynde as Boith seint aUBtiii 
in pe secand book de mirabilibM* sac? Bcriptu? for pe watir as he seith {jere 
is more myty for to here an heuy ^ing j^an is pe eyir. For grete trees )>ut 
po ej-ir wil not here pe watir wil bere hem. So Jwt pe watir aftir bis 
i/iULStigactoun bath uatu? of pe eyir in partie and in pnrtie natu? of pe 
enlo. For be himBelue aaayed {^ie ^ing wbech I aclial t«lle jou. A grete 
aton ]jrowj-n in pe watir / teyid with a rop wbech to men myth not meue ne f- 3*t ' 
draw BCHrsely wl;an it lay on pe erde u man Ecbal meue it esely whan it is in 
}<c watir. Wbcrfor ))ia doctou? concludith Jut a ston or ynin to flete is not 
ageyn kynde but partie it is born be kynde and party born bo myracle. 



Of pe atacioQ «t aeynt clement cheroh. cap xx. 
The tnnnday in ^e eecunde weke is pe atacion at a cherch of seynt cle- 
ment' in wbech cherch rentitb his body and )>eBe txHlies, of aeint ignace pe 

pethupt BruQ&nte. The portico ia «id to bkve been dtnlgnnl by Micbelsn^lo. Il wu 
tiiuJiy rMtored bj CuilinkI Riuio 3foru ia the pootiRcsM of Piiu VII (Armcllini, 
11. 398 ; Manicclii, p. 217 ; Nibby, p. 371 ; Adinolfi. i, p. 360). 

 It ii believed Uwt S. Clemsut conrtmcteil »□ ontory in hli own bonw, remaiiu of 
which 1uT« bMU d<*cover«d in the third or loweat lerel (nor the MithrMnm) ander 
the prsMnt obareh dedicated to th« idnt. This ontor; «■■ repUa«d by a builio, ia 
which the Council of 417 *«« held, and In which 8. Gregory read two of hit bomUie* 
in 690. That the eharoh waj very aDoient ii proved b; the eilitenoe of the ilave'i 
oollar, mentioned by De Rosd In Boll, d'Jrck. Cruf., 1^63, p, 36 ■), Tliii baiUlca, 
a» ia well known, was enlirely deatroyed by Bubert Gaiacanl In l(iS4, and the proent 
charch wm ertctsd over the niina. For the hliUiry of the lUaoovery of Ibe earlier badllca 
in 1SS7 and iU eioavatloii, are S. Clfwteut, Pope uul Martfr. nml All liaiUin in B»mt, 
by J.Mullonly.O.K, fiome. 1873; Adlnolfl, vol. i, p. 305 ; ArauOliDi, p. 191; Hanioehi, 
p. 2S7 : Nibby, p. 170. Mufiel aayi (p. 4S) ;  und vor dcr Uiur ligcn iwuD iten, darauf 
man vtl hciligen hat (jemartert.' 



lOS 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



1 



martir,' seini Iniar Bcynt ciriak and opir moo. The? U aoliewiJ eVe ]>e BtoTfl 
of aeint cleinwit hia chalea ftnd mech ojiir piag. Of fjis same pope wil wo 
telle 30U sum jiingiV whech a? in douto a moiigf* many men. For fliimme sey 
fiftt he was pope * nest petir and aumme sey \>i\i too were be fo? him. Also 
hia legend eeith })at be was Inried in pe ae and lith Jw? on to ^is day and 
Jia book eeith he lith at rome. Al ph Jsing wil nak deelarncioim. As for 
Jw firat mate? je aehal undiratand Jsat eej-nt petir whil he leued chase to 
preatea of his pe on hith linu# pe a))ir hith cletas and mad hem his uikeria 
general graunting hem power on with inne pe wallis of rome pe of)ir with 
outctu gouerne pe criaten pople. And Jiis was fo cause whi Ite ded fus for 
he wold liaue mo? leiaer to contemplacioun and to conurrcioun of pe puple. 
But whan he achuld dcye ho took element be pe hand and comitted on to 
him p6 flok whcch criate had comitted to him. Al pis ia cwiteyneJ in a 
epistel whech pe same element wroleon to seynt iame biachop of ierliii. But 
whann petir was ded clement wold algate prefen' pe»e too men be fore him 
be cauBe fiei had so grete powt? in his maistirea time. And J>ia meknesae of 
clement waa gretely alowid of liem J>at we? jjan postea of pe chercb. So 
linu* reyned xi )ere and certeyo dayes and cletua regned ojiir xi jere. And 
clement aftir hem ix jare and certeyn dayes. This ia pe treuth of (lis mate?.* 
Aa touchyng pe ojiir poynt who ))at he cam to rome je schul undiratand 
fat aftir tyme he had conuevted meth puple in rome he was exiled be 
oomaundment of traiane fc emp^vau? on to an yle whe? many cristen men 
wc? exiled and aftir he had pert do many inyraclea and bylid many cherches 
traiaue sent fidir a duke whech comannded fat schipmen achutd take And 
lode him in to fe depe of fe see teye an ankyr a boute his nek and frowe 
him in to fe see fat cristen men schuld not worcbip his body aa a god. 
Thus was it doo in dede but too of hia disciples comeliua and phebna kneled 
on fe hryuk and pmyed ou? lord fat fei myth see fe body of f is mitrlir.* 
Aud Bodeynly f e se bo thre myle with drow liiin and fei all went 011 f e bare 
sond tyl fei came fere lie waa frowe whe? fei fonde a Lous al of raarbiH 
r. 3B2 r arsyed be fe hajidis of aaregelis and hia body resting fer in. / Tho had fei 
' 8. Ignatini (Theopbonu) wu Biahoj, of Antioch. Stwiler gives a long account of 
hil inteTTiev with Trajan, who nfterwarde nniared him to be lent to Rome to BufTer 
nurtynlotii in the amphithe&tre. He MTived In Rome on the last dny of the giunea, and 



wild beaata. His relics are preserved mod revered In the church of 
o whioli they were traiuUted {Hidtiyealexikon). 

it Pierre* dot morir it ordeoa I de tea disciploi qni ot' (avoit) '» ttoa 
mir Ib chaiere aprbi lui; mail ii ne la voit onqnei tenir, aim constitot 
Linnm nn compaignon, (|ui U lint taut oomme il veaquj, et puis coMtitui i! Cletiim, qni 
liutrewi la tint toute sa vie ; et quant il Turent morl andai, Clemeoa meismea tint U 
Btfo apoatoileade Rome' (Bninetto LatJni, Li iirreirfoH TV-'wr, pp. 80-1). 
otCoroeliOBandPLebuainStadler.bolSuriunt ' "" 



ti. Clement, U 
' • Ex que 



' There i 



the Life of S. Clement (ri'fae S 



vol. I 



p. 657). 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



107 



B renelaciouH Jint pel schuld not beie him a wcy. And ^ub eu«ry jere 
uii dayca at his feest was ]>e se pas bare on to pai day pat {lis legend was 
wrytin and Buni wliat aftir. In iagtiiiutDeB tymc pv emperoai aiid in papa 
nicbolaa tyme pe Ci'st an boly man cleped seint cyrille broat jiis body onte 
of (hi se be reuelacion & leyd it at pe clicrch of his name.' Eke J>e Bamo 
cyrille with io fewe dayed dyed and is btricd in pe same cherish doying many 
miracles.* 



Off pe Btacion at aeynt balbine. cap xs'i. 

Anotliir station is pert on pe tewsday folowyng at a cheich {jei clepe 
seint balbine ' it stant on a bill iii pe south side of rome rounkis j^ei be as 
I suppose {>at dwell pert and it is now pe title on to |>at worfi tuao of (tis 
loud cardinal & arsclibiscop of jork/ This same balbine was doutir to 

' BH. Cyrlllua nad McdtodiuB are knnn-n M the S/jivoruni Apottoli hr their UIkiuts in 
nnivertiiig tho Slkvonian race to ChrutUuity. S. Cyriilua'i lint oame ww CanititDtiiie ; 
ha cune of a good bmily of Thessalonica. Uii travel* took him u far u the Criiuea, 
whence he brought the relics of S. Clement to Roma. He died about 678 or 679 in 
a cloiiter in Rome, and wu boned with bin oompaniaii at S. Clement'e, where their tomb 
ia BCill ehown in the lower church (Stadler, ffeitigenlexikoH). 

 The vanoDB accounu of the life of S. Clement are mo<t oonflicting. The date of hii 
tenure of the papac;, and the ordec in which he came after 8. Petar, are even di«put«l. 
The generallf accepted venian ie that he wan the ton of FauatinnJ (Fauttua),  Roinui 
citiien of the Caelian Hill regiun. Some ea; that he was s Jew bj birth, for the reaeon 
tliat in hi* Gn>t Epiatle to the Corinthtaiu he laya he ia of the race of Jdcab, which state- 
ment, howevor, ma; eanlf have a spiritoal oiesDinj;. Others think that he caine from 
Philippi, and that he was originall; a pagan, &om a paaaage in H. Paul's Epiatle to the 
Fhilippiann, oh. iv, ver. 3, kc. The account here yiven of his oukrtjrdom i> the Kcuerally 
•coeptedvenionCSladler, BeiligenlfJ^on). 

' The church of S. Balbina wa* founded in the time of Gregory 1 on the Aventine ; it 
in luentinned in the sjnod held in 691 in the time of ths Eujperor Maurice. Tliat part 
of the Aventine on which It itanda is called Alhettoii or Aibeilon, and is lupposed to 
be the aite of the milaloriam CaemriM, The church waa reatored by Leo III, and 
SigaiD in Ui9 by Cardinal Marco Barbo (nephew of Paul II), who altered its character 
entirely (Armellini, p. 116 ; Mamcchi, p. 173). 

' Tho following is a lilt of Enjjlish cardinal* during the reign of Henr^ VI (Nola and 
Qneria, 9eriee 8, vol. ili, pp. 3 and 71) :— 



Name. 


See. 


Created bj. 


Pied. 


Henry Beaufort. 
John KempCL* 
Henry Bowet, 
l£eniyChicheley. 

lobn Stafford. 


Bishop of Wincheater. 
Archbiahnp of Canterbury. 
Archbishop of York. 

Arohbiahop of Canterbury, 


Hartin V, 14311. 
Nicholas V, llBa. 
During Henry Vl'anign. 
1438 Ct). 


AprUll. 1447. 

March 33. WS4. 

October 20, 1433 

1113. 

1102. 



* For John Kempe, above referred to, aee Isaacson, Slorfi of iht Eiijfli'k Canlinalt, 

p. IIU aq., London, 1907, from which it appears that he was appointed Archbishop of 

York in liaa. Cardinal Priasl by Engenius IV in December, 1130 (while Arohbiihi^' of 

Yaik), thus taking [itwedctioe of Chioheley, Archbishup of Canterbury. On t!ie death 

p2 



108 VE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

a wortii man of ronie whom |wi ckpid qwyriniu. This same qwirinuj bad 
in prison at oomaundiaent of fw em]Kn>u? a man of rome whech had be 
mof? of p6 cite l^ei cleped him bermcB. Tliis qwyryri eey pie worthi man 
euftir priBon and clieyues ^us pacieutly for criHtia cause he seid on to him. 
I bane grete wondir of ]» Jwt liast bo? aweoh office in ]» cite and were a man 
endewid with grete good ^at jiou haet forsake j^e holy religioan of on? goddis 
and newly take a secte whecb ledith all bis loueree to loaee of lie? good 
elauTid? of he? name and orible deth. This hermea nnswerd pan ageyn. 
With inne fewe jeres I bnd ]» same oppiidon and I aconied bem jjat ()U8 
rekleely lost he? good as me ^out and wilfully runnc on to he? detb. For 
I supposed be fore put ]>ere was uo lyf aftir pie lif and men whan Jwi deyed 
went neytbir to peyue ne to ioye, Tho Jiis qwyriniM Boid on lo hormes. 
If pou cfin schewe nie be ony euydene ))al pvre is a lif aftir }>is lif is epent 
fwn wold I enclim( myn erea to Jil doctrine. Hermes seid. If |3on wilt goo 
to alisBundre pope • of the cristen men be schnl leme pe ph akole bettyr 
])an I can. Whan qwytyne herd pe name of aligaund? he cried with a loiido 
voys and seide. Now cursed be )>at prcst whech hath deceyued ]'ub many 
men. I seide to pe Jiat )ioa acbuld be turn opin euydena or be sura trewe 
wituesBe prone mo pere ia a lif after J)i8 is do and pna namest to me a cursed 
man a renegat a man gretely noised with wischci'aft and swech o)>ir wrccchid- 
uesse fur whecU noyae he 11th bounde in my prison. But })is sclial I do for 
}}i wordie. The wii I ecbette aewirly in prison & him schal I bynde with 
dobil cfaeynes and hardyly ^e doris schol be ecbet wel I now. If he come to 
J>e [jis nyth or ]»ou to him Jian wil I be lene Jjat crist ia a uery god and eke 
]?ikt pert is a noj^ir lif aflir jiis ewete on to bis louercs and Jjittir on to bis 
enmyec. Tliis ))ing whech he supposid impossible was do in dede for at 
T niydnytb / met j^el both in fere and p&a was ^ia qwyrync baptized and hia 
duutir both cleped halbina whom |]is same alisaund? had cured fro greuons 
siknesae, Qwyryiie is biried in J^is same cheroh and balbine eke but ache 
berith pe Bp«cial name for aflir deth of hir fude? aa it is aeid ache spent al 
liir patrimouie in biggit^ of holy places and Busteoauns of po? men.' 

of Stafford, Archbiihop of CnnterbuT;, he vu LranaUted lo that we in I4GS, ftnd [iro- 
matfld in tbe Cullege by being mieetl to the rank of CanliiuJ Bisliup of 8. Ruling, itud 
conititnled l^ate a latere. He wu tvice Lont Chancellor, held Ihrea biiboprica, bntb 
archbiihoprici. «td in buri-^d in CuterbDr; Cklheitnil, where hii tomb Btill eiiita. He 
wu therefore Canlimd of S. Balbina froai Decembin', 1439, to Jiily, 116 J. 

' R Halbina was bom dnrini^ the reign at Hadrian ; tbe wai the danght«r ot Qalriaua, 
the cuntodian ot Pope Alexander I. Quiiiou* informed hia prisoner that he had a grown- 
up daaghter, beaatiful. bat diiGgured by n hideous tore (ifriwta) on her nook. Hnvbig 
h«rd of the miracle* ot tbe Pope, Quirinii* promiaed thai he would become a Chriatian if 
Alexander woalil help hii danghter. Tbe Pope ordered him to bring her to hi* preienee, 
and laid the ohaini (fiojat) with which he waa bound about ber neck. On tUj a youth 



YE SOLACE OF PILOEIMES 109 

Of )>e Etacion at seint cec!le. cap xxii. 

Weilnysday in pe sarae weke la pe etucioun at seint cecile in transtibir.* 
It is clejiid trniislibir for tibir goth be twix romo nuJ Jiat. For pie traiisiibir 
is a cite Wullid be pe selue on fw west side uf tibir nnd to is ciffi'taa leoiiina 
of wbecli we epoke be fore in pe first cajjitule of |iis »jcuiid part. This 
traiistibir hnth a clierch of ou? lady ful fnmouB and a cherch of tejut ci isogon 
a cDuent of pe menoan'v & a houB of chanones and n hof^pital of scint edmund 
pe kyng.' Now in Jiis cepitule wil we spt^ke of Bcynt CL'cile place a fayre 
clierch it is and a fay? place hanging perou of clianoiiCB in whecb place Btant 
)et pe bath in wheub ache dye<]. In |]is cherch lith sche and tihurcius her 
bushond ualcrinnus his bro))ir and urbane as manifest writyug is pere in 

(ui mngel), with a bumiag torch in his band, nppsured ; kftur ordering the danuel to 
remain aTirijiti throughont her life, he v«ni»hcd ngiiin. From that Lour iho wan healed, and 
father and daaghtor with all their houBehold were liaptized. QuirinuB Bnffcred martyrdom; 
Balbina is wid to have lived a pioiu life and to have died in peace in the jeu A.O. 
180- Aocording to other aocountfl, ahe aba aufferad martyrdam ^.Stadler, SeUiyea- 

' The church of S. Cecilia van Touaded on the nte of her niart;rd<'m. It in mentioDed 
in the fifth centarf. Tlie ennient was founded b; Pavcal 1, who also rebuilt the eborch 
and traniUted the remaitu of the aiiint from the CaUoombi of 3. CallixtuB in 322. (In 
1S0S the aarcophagoB cif Pascal wag opened; tbia event baB been ilesciibed by Boronina, 
Ann, Eccl., ad aim. 831, pp. 12-10 : and b; Bodo, Hiit, pntiionu S. CoreiUae. p. 156.) 
After the fint mention in the fifth century it ie rsoorded, in the Libtr Ponlifiealii, Ibat 
on Nov. 22, SiG, F..|ie Vi);i1ius, while oelebnting the feaal-day of the wuDt, waa 
■nrpriBed in this baiiltoa by AntliemiuB Scribe, who had been wnt frnm Cnn>l«atini)p1e 
bj the Emprent Thcndora to captnre biio. The oburch wu rcBtored in 1'2S3, and the 
altar and the confeBBion are tbe work of Ainolfo, who alio worked at S. Paal's ouluds 
the Walls (nnt lo be oonfbunded witli Araolfo di Cambio). The restoratiooB ot lfi39 and 
1S33 did Riacb to alter the character of the ohareh, but the lait restoration of Cardinal 
Ratnpolla in IGOl hai, on the other hand, done mnch to reatore its archaecJogical interest 
(Armellini, p. 179 ; Marucchi, p. 138 ; Nibbj, p. l&G). 

' Armellini says that there was funoerlj a small oratorio in Trastevere dedicated to 
B. Edmnnd, near the ehorch of S. GioTanai Battiita dei GenoTen. Martinelli layi it 
WBi bnilt 'a qnodam Anglo'. Piaxxa {Entndagio Bomano, uvtera SetU Optre Fit di 
Boma, ieS9. p. SI) aaya : 'Oltns al audctto Spedale (di S. T..iua Cantoarienie) ne fa 
latitaito ano in Trulevere dietro la CbieiEH di H. UrisogoDo da un Mewante Tnglno, per 
i saoi Paesani, dedicandolo eon ana chieaa a S. Edmomlo Re d'Inghillem, ad nso e 
be&eGiio in particubre dcd Mercanti Inglwi, a Harinari, obe Teniaauu da  luago 
viaggio a Ruma. Lo Spedalr, eon le sue entrato, (b aoppreaaofc unilo al ludetto Msggiora 
di Sao Totnmaio Cantuariense, e ([Ueito al nominato Colleg;io luglese. La ohiraa dl 
&. Edmondo, che per I'antiehitk mioacciaua rouiaa, fu nltimamente hllo demolira da 
Al c aiandro VII, e trauferite le 3. Keliquie, che vi etanu, con la sacra supaltettilt, e( 
obbligo di Heae, ^U uiedeaima obieaa di S. Toromaso ; et aonia nan si perd«i« U cnlto 
e la menioria di quel S. Rk. li ereiae iri un altare al niedeaimo, ore vi si conserra e ri a 
■apuBS net dl della f«ta ana sun reliqnia-' 8ee alio tbe short note in PaaBerolTs Tasori 
nani'tfi delC Alma eillii ili Roma, lfl3G, p. 60S, tranalateil into German by Albert 
Ueuiiam*, AigrUldftf* lumet Bim, Arnheim, IStl. p. 131). The text of tbe marble 
inscription relating to the aujipreninD of the oratorio of 8. Bdmand, on Hay SS, 1661. 
will bo found in ForceUn, Jterliioni dtlU eMmt di Romn, torn, vii, p. 182, No. 878. 



^ 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

tablettifl. This Bey I for euuinic men seid to iiic ]^t eche lilh at aeyut 
grcgoryea but pe wiiting nt aeint cucilee is mo? eliler pan is be? writyng. 
Wei wote I )»t Bcbe was slayn in hir uwne |>Iace and byried in clnit'terio 
kalixti HE writing beiitb witneage in ]>e same cimt'terie jet in pe bard maibit 
and SB me |:>iiikith it was ful cwnuenient to Iranslnte hir on to hir owne plooe 
DfLmvly whan seynt urbane a nou aftir hir deth coiisecrat hi? dwelling place 
DO to a cheich. Of (lis glorious raartii- cecilo luouy uotabiJ jiingie fyndc we 

■^ wrytyu of wbecli suwime wil we reherse schortly fat [le comendacioun of )» 
seynt suhuld not alepe and Tpe laboui' oi pe reOeres BchulU not be long. First 
rede w« jiat sche ba? pe gospel of ou? lord euyr at hir breett whech wotdea 
are dyocrsly undirsland at dyuers cleikis. Summe sey pat scbe ba? pe gospel 
mat«rialy wiytyn in hir bosum J>at sthe myth rede it whnn sche wold, Othir I 
pere be whecb sey |?at pie ):>iug is undiratand pae jiat sche bare pe preceptia 
and pv coujiceles of ouP lord whech ar writiu in pe gospel fri'Bchly in hir 
mynde )^at sche Ecliuld not uSeude god for iguoi-aiince. Botb ))Irjgi3 ded ccfae 
as I suppose |)at is t^ sey Ecbe ^ut on pe cumaundinenlis and councellis of 
cn'st wbecL is most nedful. For }>ouj a man writ* or be? hem and do not 
penitir it is litil mede on to liim. So }>is is pa Ixitlir part for to haue hem 
deuly in mycde. And [xtuj it be not pe betir part for to be? bem up ou him 
jet sey we ]5at it is a good part. For we rede Jmt pe holy faderes of pc chercb ' 
ba? pe inatrrial gospel a boute nith hem whe? pel went. In Gp«ctale rede I of 

f. S93 r seynt bamabe J)at he ba? pa gospett / of mathew with hint al hb lyue and 
whaun he was ded it was leyd with him in pe graue and Ibundyn huol maay 
jeres aftir itt tyine of leno pe empcrou?. We rede also of an holy munk 
cleped serapion ' jjat he ba? pe gospel witj him whe? be went. And be cause 
)>at goB|>ell comaundeth to hem )>at wil be p«rflth |»t ^ui schuld jeue s wey 
al be? good fis man keping [lis uuuiicel on pe streilest man«r mad him selue 
naked to cloth oj'ir men. Thel (jat met him enqwired of him who bad so 
spoiled him and he eeid pe gospel. Al pU is seid to make prof tiat it ia ful 
likly f>at )'i8 boli marlir and uirgine seint cecile bare a bonte witj hir pa 
material gospel. This mayde was cause of conuereiou« of peee too brejier 
tiburcit48 and ualeriau and of many ap'ir, Scht- was homely with aungeles 
and hardy on to pe deth wherfo? J>e cberch hath bir in ful gret« reu<reus 
both at rome and be?.' 



> Ponibly tha 8. Senpion who vu arterwiirda Buhop of Tlimuui in \bt Nile DrlM, 
a friend ot 8. Atlwnunii and of S. ADthouy. He wu &t ihe Couadl of SuJica t» S(8. 
uid died in ASS. Then wu uiotber Senpion, an Engliahmui, who devot«d hii life to 
tbe muoDiing of Ifaiae CliriilJMU who had become pritonen of the Moore. Erentualiy 
he VM «r(wified, nod tortured to de»lh in Algicn, in the yew 12*0, Ha wfti cnnoniied 
by Benediot XIII ill 1738 (SUdler, Hfaigtnlfiiivu). 

' B, Cecilia ii believed to have been cuDtemponuy with Urban 1 (,233-SO), and to bare 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Of be slncion at h 



On fe Jjursdfty in Jjnt * 



whech }>ei cicpi 

oujr tibur for it atawt 



,cke i 
maria trnnEtib^rin 



pe alaoiouw 
}wt is to Bey 



.t a cliercli of ou? Ittdj 

D eoglisch Seynt niori 

lie Bta»t. This place in 



r Jie wntir win? Btint c 
eld tyme was ordeyiied to refrcsching of kiiytia nftir he? labour whan f)ei 
were falle iu age.' 0» ^at same dfty )iat crist was bom fn-r* sprong in f>ifl 
same place too wellis of oylo whecb run aH jiot day pleiiteuoudy in to tibur. 
Tliese too wellee be jet ^rere iu ful grete renerens. But whi j^ese weliia Gchuld 
renne mo? oile |ian o]}ir lycou? is assigned pia caase a mongiV clerkis for 
oyle ]>ei soi signilieth ni^rcy and (lat loid was come wbech ^rout with him 
a lawe ful of rawcy. Of Jjib conueniens be f wis oyle and mwcy epeke clerkis 
in he? bokis and aey ))at euene as oyle ouerapredith all nianer licouiis so j» 
mercy of ooje lord hooyth a boue ali his werkis. Wbo may Busteyne his real 
power or make resistens a geyn his ordiDauna, Who can eey )>at be !■ 
onrithful in his ingementiB or ellie indiscrete in his gonemanns. Alle ^ese 
btiispheniea achul we ley a side aud knele to ou? lord and l^auk him for he 
hath set (le oyle of mercy be fo? al his werkis. Wil je ee |)e raauer of mukyng 
of oyle, Smale sedes smale frutes are pressed ful tore |jat [lis swete lycou? 
Bchuld be bad. Crist was in Jiis world in repntacion of \>e world but a soiale 
frute but whan he was presEed on ))e crosse grete plente of mff-cy ran owt to 
on? redempcioun. Wil jese ^ exccsBeof (>e now lawe in mercy. Thepersone 
in moises lawe fnt gadered di-ye stikkis on )>o haly day was stoned to ^ deth. 
The womaM in |3e aewe lawe taken openly in a uoutry was preserued and |>at 
be )je iugemejtt of on? lord ihii mereyfuUy fro ]>e deth. The? was yje for yje 
and toth for toth and ioyut for ioynt he? is \>6 conncvl of meknesse openly 
inioyned p^ / comaundith in J>ia wiee. If a man smyte jie on ]>e o cheke t 3 
pro&r him ]>m o)7ir. Opynly crieth salamim in his epithalami of \>v mercy 

been martyred ahonl the ye&r 280 in the reign of AUian'ler Severn* (S32-S6). Some 
authorities bold thai lier de«th occamd during the ri'igD of Mucas Aurclioi (101-80). 
She ii believed to have been of noble birth and to have been a tlii-ietian from hnr ohilil- 
hood. The IwauCiral (Cory of her (.-unvenioa of her hoaband Valerian and bit brother 
Tibnrtiui will be foand in Stadler, BeillgeiilEnion ; see alio Suriiu, Vilae SaMlorvm, 
»ol. li, p. 638, Turin, 1379. 

' The church nt S. Maria in Tnutovere ii the fint targt chnreh in Rome dedicated to 
the Virgin, Prima atdei Dtipiirae dicala, the earliett being S. Maria Antiqua. It it 
wtiA to have been founded by S, Callixtaa, by permiaaion of Alalandcr goierui, in SS3, nn 
the «te of the Taliinui meriloHa, a hospital For old toldien, and to have been abandoned 
during the peraecutiona. It waa rsconatrucled by Jollua I in S40. and took the title of 
BS. CnlUito e Gialia. Id SS8 Grugory IV aMaebed a Ur^ Auguitlnian DonveDt lo Um 
chuich. It waa reatored by Leo IV about 8*8, by Benedict III (857-8), and in 1189 
alnioit completely rebailt by Innooeut III, to iThatn we owe the fine moaaic*; it waa 
•gain rertored by Nichotaa V. Piua V, and Cleuumt XI, and finally by Pina IX in 1870 
1, p. 414 ; Marucohi, p. 138 ; Kibby, pp. 140, 188). 




ii: 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



of ou? lord spekyng in \i\b niBne?. Oyle lai'gely spretl a brad ^at \a })i onme. 
Tlie name of ihu is oyle brgi.ly spred a brood spnd in heuene spred in erde 
spred ill helle. In heuene he jcueth §eyuti8 more ioye |jan euyr Jiei dcserued. 
In ei-de he loueth meu )«it lime not him and doth good on to hem (lat despise 
him. In hi'lle he proporcioneth nowt \ie peyne to pe malice of pe synne. 
This is ou? bylene \>at soalea in beH bane laaee peyne pan ]>e be worthi. 




Of pe Btacion at seynt uitale. cap xxiiii. 

Friday in |>o secnnd welie is )>e Btacion at a chercb dedicate in pe worchip 
of eeynt uitale. A ful deeolate place it is and al in mine as pert be many 
moo.' ThiB Hsrae man uitale was fader on to [)oo holy seyntee geruase and 
protbase martiics mad foi- ou? lordia sake in pc cyte of melane. This uitale 
was in BO grete rcDerens at melnn })at be waa chose to be on of ^ conBolea 
whecb had gourrnauns of al p* puple for a ;cre. He was turned on to crist 
and his wif alaoo cleped ualcria be suggestion of cWsten men pB.1 come fro 
rome. So happed him to go in felauchip of a gnte iuge ]>ei clepid paulinm 
on to l^at cite cleped raucnna to bnue a sessiouti up ou certeyn defautes. 
Whan l>oi we? come }'idir );is panlynwn jane sentcjie up on a crislen man of 
craft a Iccbe whos name waa itrclane. I3ut wbnnn }}ia uilale sey him walk 
to his deth with ful beny che? be cause he had do counfort he cried loude 
on to him Jjat al pe puple myth here. ISe wiire nrciane ))at |)i bert faylo 
not now for Jinn art pou hurt with po arow of diapey? whecb wouTide scbnl 
neuir be bol. Think what coiijifovt )Jou hast goue ofir men in he? gret 
myschef and with pai same cousolacion cou»fort now ))! self. Fur ptee 
wurdia )>ie roan went boKUy on to pe tormentJa and pacienfly Buffered bis 
detb. Aftir his martirdnm uitale took pe body and biried it with gret« 
worchip. The iuge aeut aflir him to jene answere to )>is offens but he wold 
not come. He eeide he was a cristen man and aftir pe comaundmeftt of 
crist he had doo a dede of obedieiis in byiying of his bro)>ir. PaulintM waa 
wroth with )iia answere made bini to be brout he fore him and hangin on to 
a gebet to loke if he wold reney ' ()at new opinion whech he bad take. But 
whan he sey him Btabil in pe feith he comaunded bim to be led to a palme 

' H, Vitale U the very ancient charch of the tiHIat Vttlinat, the nmme of a piona 
Koiukn iiiKtron. It wu dedicated bj InnDcant I between the yenra 401 md 113, Hid 
nueed to % title la the name of VitJJa vid hit loni Gervuiiu aod Protuiiu. It ii 
mentioDed b; S. Gregory, and wai restored in 147G and 1636, under Slilui IV and 
Clement VIII. There are aome Iracei of the old ooDStniction id the exterior walb, 
H) that It u twlieted that the pretent chorch bae been ere<ited directly over the ancient 
one. It if in the VU Naiionare (AdlnolS, ii. p. 2flO ; AnneUini, p. 341 ; Hareeobi, p. 878 ; 
Nibby, i^ (M). ' raiey, renay, obt. ; Tt. renitr, to abjure, renonuce. 



YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 

tre wliecli tre was hnluweil on to ^e dciie[t>s nnd 1)ut if lie wold offer cucense 
pert at ^itt tre lie comaunded Lia ufficerm ))at pet Bcliiilkl m&ke a dep graae 
and byry him fere al qvrik,' A prest of Jiat lietten lave wbecb jaue councrl 
oD to ):« iuge ^t l^ia man scliuki poe be dcd was a non a rested / of ]m t i 
deuele and uii dayca he lay crying. Thoa bretiuy^t me uitule. The uit day 
he ran in to a flood and eo mad an ende o! his lyf. The wif of )>ia same 
martir clepid ualeria aftir pe delh of hir husbuud rood horn a gayn on to 
melan and happed be |je wey sche fond wrteyn men is a wood whech mad 
hr? sacrifice ptre. Thei spoke to hir for t« etc and drynk of Bwech uitaile 
aa was offered on to poo rounraentia, But atbe refused it wberfo? pa'i bete 
hi? eoo ^at noneth * myth sche he caried be her Ermannlia on to melan with 
iune iii dayea aftir hir spirit was sejiarat fro pe body & so sent to god. 



OfT pe stacibun at marcelline and petir. cap xxu. 

Satirday in pe tiaine welie is pe stacion at a chereh dedicat ou to too 
eeyntis on hith marcelline pe oJ)ir hith petir.' This petir was in prtaon be 
cauae he beleued iti crist undir a keper fei clepid arebemiiu. This 
archemim had a Joulir ueicd with a wikkid spirit. Petir seid on to 
arcbeme his keper t>at if he wold beleue iu crist his doutir tohuld Fone be 
hool. Archemye an^werd. I bane grete nieruayle of |)i foli. Crist [>i god 
not withstnDding ]nal fon art euery day bete for his cause and sufferist eke 
mech ojiir penauns of prison and of yru?( may not detyuyr pf. Petir 
auawerd ]»t it was beat to his aoule |ius with peyne and trihubcion for to 
pteae criat. Tho seid archemius ou to petir. I schal bynde pe la prison 
and ley ou pe irun I now if )x)U can brebe oute of prison ^n wil I be leue 

' Tlie dmtfl of S. Tiuli* i« duI very Mrtam, u the Eputle of H. AiiiliroM, ohicli givu 
mort of Uie oTidoniM t^arding him, u not quite uleu on the point. Tim period, however, 
mimt tw between A.n. SO and 180. He wu a ■ulili«' bj pcoteidon, bnt il ii not knows 
uliy he left Milan to go to ItaTemifc The name of the phyrician who", lie befriended 
and burifd wu S. Untcmua (Stodler, Heitigmleaian ; Acta Sandorum, April, vul. iii, 

p. wa). 

' unntth, oaeanly, 

' The (^orcb oT 8S. Peter and Mareelliniu it very ancient, anil waa bult in tba 
Via l^biuaiui over a temple uf Itia. U if mentioned in the liilli century. Anndlini 
given an iiuoriplitai, found in 17iO, wliioh ivunld lend to aiiuw that the church dated fnnn 
{"ope SIriciuB (3B4-9S), bat in the LOirr Fi—lijhnlit it i* Mtid : ' Fecit etiani Gregorini 
teniuB de uovo eccleeiau SanDlomin MaroelliDi et Petri pnpe Lateranam.' It ia quite 
oi(«r that lliii routt refer to a ratoratioo, or perhipe entire mbuildiDC (or the ohurch ia 
DeaUoned (aa U mid above) in the ^me of Gregory the Great (.cf, Griaar, Blaria di Ro&u 
e M Fapi. t. i. p. 3H\ The church wu leooDaeciated by Alexander IV in 1S£6, 
nstcHed by Paul IV (ISSA-B) ; being iu a niiuoua Male it wu entirely reconotruoted by 
BuiMdict XiVlI740-SS), whu bad beeoiU titular C>nlinal(ArmelliniL, p. 32G;MBrilcchi, 
p. 351 ; AdinOO, ii, p. 80 ; Nibby, p. i6t). 




lU YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

OD J>i lord erist. This man pelii* }iub Btroiigly bounde ajipered sodeynly on 
to archemyc clad al in wbit and a tokne of j^e croBse !n his bnud. The same 
houre arehemie doutir was hool and \ie same arcteme with hia wif & ail his 
houBljold be leuyd in ou? lord. Tlio sent ]>ei aftir maroelline jje preest 
wbecb baptized hem alle. A grete luge of rome clepid aeienus called ^ia 
marcelline and jtetir on to hia preeena and aftir he? constaunt confessionn 
comaunded hem to prison. Marcelline was put in a derk Iioua whe? was 
neytbir mete nor lith alle po flo? strowid with broke glas and he bare leggis 
and feet. Petir was etokkid in a nojiir hous strouyly Bchette and barred. 
Bot an aungel) of out' lord was sent fro heuene whech clad uiaroelline wilb 
clotbia delyueiid bim and petir eke and brout hem on to archemie hous. 
Whan f>ia iuge eerenns herd eey pat pei were delyucred onto of prison and 
reoeyued ^ub in ))e houa of archemye he comaunded pe eame arcbemye and 
hia wif to be |iroH- to dede with stones. Marcelline and petir he iuged to 
be led to )>e hlak wood and pert to be hedeJ. He pa.t smet of her bedis say 
he? Boulea with Bcbiniiig clojiia arayed with perle and precious stonea of 
■ungelliB born up in to beuene and in his laat dayea he repent him of his 
f. 89i * euele dedes ded gret penauns / and was baptized his name was dorotheus.' 



OS^e stacion at seynt laarena. Cap. xzui 

The p'iril Sunday of lenton is pe stacion at pe principal cberch of seynt 
laureus wbechatantooteof jwwallisof rome in a feld (wi clepe in^giouorauo 
(lal is to aey in pe somer feld. For uer in he? tonge is as mecli to sey as 
Bumcr. It is sumtyme seyd of seyntis l^atly pere pat jjei were hyried imta 
irenariuni is a place wheP men diggefi sond and in sothuesse 



in )3is same place was sumtyme diggid mech sond to make her raovlw in rome. 
Now baue pt\ found a newe ueyn of sond mo? north ou to seynt anueys ward. 
This same feld longed sumtyme to a blessed widow J^ei cleped c)'riaca whech 
jaue al )Hit posseasioun ou to pe seruaufitis of seynt taurens. We redyu in 

 R MmrceUine vaa s prieat, uid Peter lui emrcist of the liunuin Chnrch. Muij other 
inartyn luffered with them, the aiuuben of the Bune Vkrylng hvta rorty-faur Id the 
jteCa Sdttcf Drum— the niuneB of two, Thomnjua and Kogatun, being given — to 400 in as old 
Mwtyrologium of Trivet. They were martyred during the peTBecHtion of Dioctetiaa in 
the jeai 301. The oame of iheii judge it given variounl^ u Serenus and Severni. Tha 
pUce of their death, fonnerly known u the lilva nigra, wm afterwardi renamed Uis 
nlea eainlida. Their bodiea were buried, by a matron named Luoilla, on the Via Labieana, 
in which worlt of piety another matron lumeJ Firmina u< aaid to have helped ; they wens 
afterwards nimoved to the Cntacombi of S. Tibuniaa. ConaUntine built a church on tha 
■pot in their honour, which church ruiked ai the ■wand of the Bevon having a cardinal'* 
title. It waa destroyed by the Saracena and wa» not reoonBtructed, hot was united with 
the Bishopric of Porto by OallixtUB II. I^ter, a cemetery in Borne was named afiiff the 
two saints (Sladler, HeiUtjmUxfiiDu ; Acta Sanetorum). 



YE SOLACE OF I'lLGHIMES 115 

infirtiii4B eroniiile ['at cojiBtantine \ie emp^ron? let make ]iis cherch of eeint 
tnarecB and all ))at aoute lie nelh ]>e aate? wlie? seijit laurwts lith with 
mech praciona Jjing whech is not Jiere now for as we seid ofte a Iwue pese 
chercbes haue be spoiled of tirauntis Jmt bane auMjuercd rotne. Tbis bleseed 
einp«rou? coQEtnntine fiat spent m mcch good in ivorchi|i of god end seyntis 
hutb ful prete reward JMrfor as we Buppose. t>ing in }>e worcbip of seynt 
laurens wil we reberae who he rewardith bis Eeruauntis, Tbere was an 
emp«roa? of rome cleped berry whech had n wif cnlled radegnTtdij. Tbeee 
two pff«ones leued in Bwech perfeccioun fiat bolb be o couseut kept be? 
maydenbed to god. So aftirvrard at atering of f>e deuele fiis emp«rou? fel in 
a getosie a geyn bis wif demyng ot bir o)>ir wise j^aii it was. So at bis 
comunTidmeut pe lady was constrcyned \>B.t Bclie Bcbuld goo bare foot on a 
gad of yniD reed hoot to prouc ^ere bir liinocenB. Scbe mad bir redy and 
blessed bir with swecb wordia, Euene aa I am not defiled of berry ne of 
non o))ir man so crist [>ou be myn belp. Thua went ache saf with outen 
harm ouyr ))e boot yrun aaue J>at ]>e emperouf amet with grete ire. Sonc 
ftftii- \<u pe eraperou? deyed and a grete multitude ' we? gadered be fore an 
bermytea hoaa to be pr«aent at pe emp«rouri« detb. The bermyte inqwirad 
of hem wbidir ))ei achuld and pei auBwerd to ae pe emprrouris ende. He 
comaunded bem be uertu of ^e passion of ou? lord crist put pei scbuld come 



ft geyn pc same weye and telle him 
come a geyn and gaf him 
waat for ^t brent laurens cam fortb 
whech weyid down ^t fala euapici 



what plith pe emp«rou? doyed. Thei 
Onre iornay (lei seid is apent in 
Tith a potte and [^rewe it in )m balauna 
n and ^at fals iugement a geyn his wif 
and alle ofir treepaces whech be had doo, In uery treut (jib emperour of 
grete deuocioun whech he had to aeynt laurens had offered at his chereb a 
cbaljB of BO gr«te wite ^at it waa mad with / to eres for to lift it eaily whecb f. 396 r 
was mad of pu? gold. The denelds in here goyng aa )>ei told ^is hermyte 
pullid a wey on of (wo eres. This reuelncion waa found Both for it waa 
Dot«d )iat in l^at same bou? j^e emperou? deyed pe ere of pe cbalis eke waa 
fonnde broke. TbiB storie U reberaed he? to magnifie seiwt laurens and eke 
tarawhat to enbelcbiTtg of pe book. 



Off l^e atacion at seint mark. Cap xxuii. 
On mnnday aftir pe fiirde Sunday is J)e atociou at a oberch of eeynt 
marc * bat bis body lith not pert for it lith at nenya. In tiia cbercb ly pe holy 
' ' f fetuU* ', in mkT^o of MS. ; 1 of Gendi. 

 Tha oburoh of 8. Mkrk gon baok io Pope S. Mkrlc (336-7), >nd ii tnentioned in rui 
InHription of 848, wben it i* caJted dr PaUaciar. Cioero mnUoni thU locality is hia 
Pro Stxta Boteio Awtetino, wlio •» killed nd hatneiu paloeinat. The ohnrch 




116 



YE SOLACE OP PILGRIMES 



nartii'SB sbdoo & Gcnen wbech were Elayn fgr cristis loue nt lome iiiidir pa 
tjine of decius.' He fond hem in a cyte wliecL f>ei clepe corduba for )>e« 
were (>ei accused for tresonn be caDEO pei byried );oo men Jjst were killid for  
eriBt. DeciuB comsnnded hem to be buuTide Btrong;ly with jtmh cheynea a 
to be led so to rome be fore hia chore. Anil be cause (>ei bail be m ofiice 
iiDdir)7eempi?of rotne aud we? men of aolil wit and of plenteuoru poBseeaioit 
he comaunded hem to nper be fore pe senate in a hous ^at stood in ^ft 
cBpitol lowe be ])e ground clcped in ou? legendia in tellade. Thei we? 
brout in as ^i wet* tuke for )>ei were amnle kyngi'd is perse in which perse 
stattt {lis cite corduba. lliei we? brout in to |)e aenat in ful good aray i« 
Dlo)>ia of gold and prvcious atoueB. Alle )>e senate meruailed of hem to ee bo 
goodly men and so weel arayed ^us »ore bouiide with chcynes. Thon gpalc 
deciaa on to \>e seuKt on ]>]» nian«r. Be bolde peee men seres for ]%! be opea 
enniyes oh to ft empi? fauoureres of Iretoures and reuefiates whech hatie fur 



1 naleriano )7at he schuld led bem. 
er offeryng |>e? if pel wold not ho 
I bestes. Tha ualerian rand hem 
ine compelli^d hem to offyr but f>ei 
Than were pel beten with ataues- 
e whc? inartires we? tomientirf and 
The beetes ninne on to bem tirst 



lake ou? lawe. He comaiinded ^an to 
to ]>e temple of pe sunne for to make 
comaanded hem to be deuoured of will 
naked and led liem to pe temple of pe si 
despised pe maument and spatillid Ji^rat. 
clobbid with leed led forth in to {int plac 
put on to hem too leones and iiii bercs. 
with a rage but whan ^ei cam on to hem ))et wex tame lay down be he? tieet 
aa doggis. Tho p« iuge comaunded he? hedes to be smet of and he? bodies I 
^rowin be fore po maument. So lay })ei iii dayes in despite of cristen 
feith. Aitir poo iii dnyea a dekne clepcd qvyryne lift up he? bodiea ba? hen» 
horn to his bona closed hem )>ere in a fay? uesscl of led ^at ]}ei schuld not 
rote & biried in pe grotmd ful prtnyly in pe same hous. In constantioM 
tym« pe noble empnxin? ^ese same martirea appered uu to a cristen man pn ] 
told him wiie? he schuld fynde hem and so we? j^ei translate in to a cymyteri I 
eteped ponciatie. 

WM rebuilt by Gregcny IV in Ibe oiath ceiitory; to him we owe the apw and tiia I 
mouia ; it wm altered by Psnl II, and lutlj by CardiMl Qoirini in tha year 17V \ 
(Annellini, p. 837; M&rnccbi, p. S81 ; Nibby, p. Sil). 

' It is not clear whether SS, Abdon «nd Sennen came of their own free will to R 
or whether they were brought in triumph froiu Penin by Deciui M tubregali of that I 
country, kod were th«ii martyred on aooonnt of their uiherence to the Chriatiui fUth. | 
Probably the latter wu the OMe : the wanling ol the MS,—' to be led K 
his chare ' — aJiio gives that ioipreuion. Tbe reet of the uconnt kgreea with the anthoii- I 
tie*, except thkl thay were poHibty buried in the cemetery ad unam piUaltim. Stadiv 1 
memtioni  mirble relief bearing their namee and porlraiU, ami uyB that their head* e>ch 1 
bear a crown and a Perdan cap (cf. the illuitration in tha Acta Sonetonm, p. ISO). / 
The acta of theae martyn, however, are late in data, and eannot ba aoeepti 
W»e (HtKy«-, Beiligmlaiioa; Acta Sanclomm, July, toL iii, p. I80)i 



TE SOLACE OF nLGRIMES 117 

/Of]>e stacioD at a cherch cleped seint potencUii«. cnp xxuiii. I- 3QI>> 

Tewigday in ^ same weke ie ^ Btaciou at a cherch dedicate in )>e name 
of an holy uirgine clejied putendaue.' Sclio woe Uoatir on to an bolj man 
disciple of seint petir whoa name waa pudena.' Uir mudir hith sabiuclla 
hir gistit- hith praxeilis of whom we Echnl spcke of aftir. This noble woman 
potcnciane waa leroed of hir fader in \>t lawe of ciiat aud educate in p«rlith 
lif on pe best manef. Aflir j^e deith of hir fader be ^e councel of plug )ie 
pope & of anothii' holy man ny of hir kin cleped pastor ' ache mad hir hous 
 charch aud aH hir seruauRtia );at wold be cristeii sche mod bent fre and 
releaed her bondage be pe conaent of praxede wlmcb waa hi? aiatir. Aftir 
many good dcdia do gud gaf bir reward of hir good werkys for ecbe deyed 
^ xiiii kalend of June aud la hyried in pe cymyteiie cleped pnaciJle. lu fiia 
same cherch of eeyut pottnciaiie ar iii JTousand bodies of seyntis pe moat pai~t 
martircB for criat. lu J^ia cherch ia a cbiipel with an ante? and a auTigctl 
(lepeynted be pt; anter on ^e wal aud on )>e ritb band in ^e cornere ia a grcte 
bole as mecb aa a man may utte in whech was mad he mj'racle in ^ia wise. 
Petir wban be was in prtaon at intitnuna of his frendia was late loos not 
knowyn on to pe gayUrea, Tho fled petir ou to ^is same bous. And a non 
as be cam in \>e wal jauo him ae mech place as he mytb bide hia body in. 
The gayleres wbcch had take charge of his bodi folowid and aey hyin ualJt 
be cause be was bid in pe wal but J>ei scy a fayre )oug man staiidyng ptre 
whech was petires aungell to him JTci spak & inqwired of him il he any ony 
man |3at had nenly broke prison. He answerd on to hem in [>ia maneh 
I haue mn^eile he eayde Jiat je ae bin nant and be aittith he ^tc? in p* 
come?. Thus be bewreying of pe aungell waa petir take and led a geyn to 

' The church of S. Podcnnuu, like th*t iiF H. Pnoede (ch. ilriii), u laid b> have bwn 
fpuiided on pn>perty b«loa([iiig lo the family of Pndeiu, but to bare been Mp&nited from 
th« latter b? thi Vioui Pktrioiiu (VU Urbana). It wu fuQiided in tb< KEOud century 
under 8. Pin* I. and took the name of Htalui Ptulorii or Pwlmtit. The Mrm lector (Ie 
Padenliana ocoun ou  Hputohral monament of the year 334, when Ririiuer and CU- 
Hcui were couiuU. The church wu reatored under Uwlrian I; Oreecry VII in tba 
•lavetith century i Innocent II, twelfth ccntiiry ; by Cardinal Gaetani, nlxteeDth century j 
and laitly by Cardinal Bonaparte (AiUnolG, ii, p. 340 ; Armellinl, p. bH ; Mamcchi, 
p. SSI ; Nibby, p. 977). 

' 8. Pudoni from the earlieaC authoritiei appean to have been  Itoiiian Hinalar ; hs 
waa the eun of Ponioui and PriiciNa, and the friend of 8S. Peter and I'aul at Itome. 
Uii mother founded the aarlieit Chrietian cemetery. He «» t*i» married, tt ia not 
quite eertitin which wa« the tint wife, but the name of one wife waa Claudia,  Briton 
by birth, who bare him two iont, SS. Noratua and l^motheni {,1 Tim. It. 11) ; the Dame 
of the other waa Sabinella, the mother of SS. Pudenaiana and Praiedia. 8. Pndendiuia 
la the drat maiden racnrJed to have taken the veil, and la believed to have dieil in p«UM 
about the middle of the lecond century, afler a life of ^aty (Htadlar, OtiliyitMliint, 
*aL (v, p. tOOS; Aela Amclorum, May, vol. it, p. 2M)). 

* See note 3, p. 7i. 




YE fiOLACE (^ PILGfiDCES 




MmtjnK petir achnld be snffertd for to do u be wold ukI snintTine I 

be led ta do )Mt be wold not. In fna nune cbercb U a cfiApeJ with ftn aatar I 

»t wbecb SDter wu do )nt grete miracle p^t I telle. There stood a p 

■t nwMe ntDtjme is awecb plilb pn^oeotu? u wu not plnE&D»e to god I 

Mid fw«eh tjine as be ecbnld rec«j-ae \x: iacrament ]>e B&me at 

aoiejiHj fled a wey fro bim and fel on & marbil stoo. On to ph day it litkl 

■tiH incorpont oalopt aton bard as BtoQ sane it bath a no^nr ooloo? )> 

•tan.' In \iia aame cbercb eke ia |x stool on wbech crist aatte wban be a 

lufl mannde. 



Of Jw aUcion at a cherch of stint aixt. cap xxix. 
Wednfaday io (»t wme weke is pe stacion at a cbercb ded!cBt« to si 
nxte. At }nB cherch dwelle cloos nunnes whech haue on of pe ymages of o 
lady ))Bt seynt Inke pcyntid as (>ei sey.' This sixte was a pope ' 

* Id iiiealiing of ths mirule of tbe h»t wbifh fell out of ths priest'i hud, Maffd • 
th&t the b«t i> rad uid (be Hone while. He also (peaks of the mirecls of S. Pd«r bi 
in the cKTitr in tbe wnU (p. 4S). 

' UnderLeoIlItbereeiuted.Deu the Tcr? ancient title of 8. Siitos, too m 
R C* i wn o lU Cortat or Cortarmn, anenri>nli cUled  Turrin or Hi Palatio, i 
S. SiaUDetriiM. Lm IT united tbero under the title of SS. Smniatrina 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 119 

put Mtiie tyroe [)st Beynt laurens lyiied J^e? for lie wna uiajBlir on to seynt 
laurens. He was bore at ntencs Jie tiobil stuilye of grece and taute ]>ere in 
philosophie on \>t best mwie?. Aftirward cam be to rorae and pere for hU 
nobjl conuersacioun he waa chose to (Jat dignite bed of ]>e cberch. Deciua 
herd of hia lif and eke of his disciples seut aftir him in to & hone cleped 
in tellnde nl be njth. But when he waa a rested (lis noble man aiztus be 
Beide on to bis clevkis. Bre)>rtn myn hetb nol a ferd. AUe )>ese seyntis 
fiat deyed be for us pel suffeix'd ]mo tonnentis with grete pactens ]tat |)ei 
Bchuld jje more sikirly coiae to pc euyrlaatyng lif, Ou? lori! ibii suffered 
Bweoh detb for ns to jeue uh eraumpil of ful grete aikirnease. And wilb 
a lowde uoys he eeid. Come forth and folow aie let no man be a ferd of 
peynes. His disciples answered. We fndir schul gu with ^e. AVbidir 
sebnld we go bat ptre ou? fadir goth. Thus wei' pei led be fore decius and 
be spak on to bim in )>ia nmner. Knowist J»u eixle whi poii art called and 
wbi pat ou? ofliceree haue hrout pe to ou? prescns. Sixtas answered )>at he 
knew it weel. / Decius said on to him. If pan knowe it wel make ))i clerkJs f. 
for to knowe ^e same ))at poa may lyue and ))i clerkis be encresed, Slxtua 
answerd. Treuly se? I do mid haue do ful grete bysynesse Jwt my olergi 
scbuld be eucresed. Oo make FacriSee siiid decius yitnue on to bim, to ou? 
goddia ))at be immortale and ^u scbal be in oure lawe prince of aii pe 
prestes, J haue aaydo aixtus mod sacrifiM to god omnipotent and to ob? 
lord iliu trial haue I offered a cleiie liooat and undefiled in pa niiniBterie of pe 
cberch. Decius ealde on to him, jeae counsel to Jnn age as we counsel pe 
BO poa take heed at ))i welfare and at pe helth of jii clerkis. Sixtns ansiwerd. ' 
Ou to Jjis day haue 1 3oue hem swecli counsel |>at fro pe dep pit of helle I haue 
be eujT bisi with al my labou? to kepe hem. Decius was wrootb and seid 
on to him. Make sacrifise on to ou? goddis or ellea pan scbal be ezauniple 
to alle )>oo ^at dcspiae ou? goddis. Sixtus saide. Rith now I aaide on to )w 
^at I haue made sacrifiBe to ou? god in heueiic and to ou? lord ihu criat ibr 
op'ir aacrifise wil I Don make. Thou decius comaunded hia knytis |)at |>ei 
Bchuld lede him to pe t«mple of mars whech stood J>aDn uia appia fast by 
))at place cleped dotntne quo undia and if be wold not offer he bad hem bryug 
in mamortinee prison whecb atant fast by pe capitol. 
wech exhortaciones on to hia lederea |mt yei despised 
ou? lord ibii crist. Othirofficeres be cause he wold 
to mamortines prison. And whan be was pere seint 



him a geyu and put bin 
In bis ledyng ho jaiie s 
he? lord and beleued ii; 
not obeje brout him < 



UureuB bia disciple cam on to him with swecb wordis. Whidir wilt )>ou 

Oorianim, and th* church wa« oallod S. Maria Coraaruin. In 1319 Uiv monftitiir; wu 
giren to Dominioui nuDi, utd took the tunie of SS. Domenioo e SUlo (,\niiolUni, p. ^33 ; 
MmroochI, p. ISS ; Nibby. pp. 300, 71U). 



120  YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 

fadtr goo witli out« ]>i Bon, |»iu we? neuyr woue to oflir with outc a seruaunt 
ae nenyr mak« no Micrilise but if \ioa liad & niinistir. Wliut seest poa in me 
))at Bchald didplese ])i fiulirhood. Haat ]".m founde me on kyude or ellifl 
ontrewe. Take now trewe enperiene whe)>ir ]x>u haUB chosen a troeti 
ministir or nowt. To me hast jxiu comitCed to minister ]>e aacromcnt of 
crit-tis l>oi]y on to )>e puple, to me bust )>ou comitted minEetrncionn of )io 
sacrnmeittia and now deujrst to me felauchip of ]i\ mai'tii'dam. Aftir raaoj 
ofir wordis whech seiut laiireus had seynt siit Baide on lo him. I forsaie 
))e not SOI) in no maner wine bat 1 do )>e to wite l^at gretter tormeiitis ar Icept 
ibr pc. We as aged men baue chosen a wey of ety batayle tlie as a jotig man 
»byd\-n gi-etter tormeritis whech I'ou echal suffir. Aftir iii dayea )wu sehal 
folow me. Helie left heli^e be hind bim whan he was raucHchid to heuene 
and took no uertu fro him. Aftir J^ae wordes was siittus brout on to 
□aleriaoe \<e luge and he comaundcd bim to be ted to mailis temple witb 
f. 397 r bis deknes fflicisgimm & Hgnpitu* and pen he? lie/dis to be smet of. Thb 
ende made jjib lioly pope '.' 



Of t>e stacion at ci 



s & damiuiitui. cap ziz. 



Tlinrsday in pe same weke is pe stacion at a chcrcli of roemn* and damia- 
ntu fast be jmt place whecb was clepid templiiw pacts.' Theie resteu eke 

' H. Siitus, After m very ihort rugn (357-8), was ureited in tbc cemetery o( S. Ckl- 
lUtoi and nuutyrad, toftether with S3, Quniiui, FdielMimai, Agkpitui. Janiiuina, Thi- 
* cantln*, Magnu*, and SMphantu. Thi* was done by order of Ihe EiDperor Valerian, 
ahortly befure hii dsparturo on B journey to Ibe £aak Pope S. Stephen 1 ajijniiiled 
Slxtiu liu nruhdeacoD, and puiuioated him u bu aucOHuor. CeFure the outbre&li or the 
poraeciitiun io n'hich be mfTered, be had taken tbe prematian ot placing tbe beada of 
8S. Peter and Paul Id lafety (Stuller, Beiliyeulenton ; Dncbeuie, Liber FaillficnIU, 
vul. i, p. 155 : Aela Sanrlortun, Anguit, toI. ii, p. 1S4). 

' The ohurcb of S3. Cuimo and Damiao ma founded about 526 by Felii IV, who 
ineorpontad in it two pa^^an tampte*. Owii^ to the rise in tbe le*et of tbe gronnd in Uie 
Furum, Urban VHI rBisad the level of the floor of the church ; he removed the old 
•otnnoe doon, and replaced them an the higher level. Tbe old attar, bowever, can atill 
W seen in the lubterranean crypt. The church wai tbrmerly designated in n'tics aod 
n trihvtfatii. Tbe (int name refen to tbe ulee pavement ' ubi ceciJit Simon Magiu ', 
tbe leoond to s name ^ven to that part of tbe Forum from a atatuary gniup of tlie three 
Fatei (Armeilini, p. IBS; AdIuoI6, i, p. 413 ; Marocchi, p. 356; Nibby, p. 1S2). 'Dm 
iM an dem Tonpel gewest Bumoli, damacb int iter tempel AntoDini geatauden dea 
keyaan nod Fauiliiu nad die Mulen dei Tenipeli Hen Doch eiiu teyli do and ein 
•ohoipugen itet do pey S. Lorentien, beiat Tripotia, do man die dred alet gevan, do 
wurd er gemacbt, do sind vil achoner merbel^ld' (Muffel). The name TripoUii (prolwbly 
acorruptionof ia(nbii(/<riu}puul»V>igt,udbe tbinka thearch meant ii that of Titua. 
llik, howKver, ia tome diatance off, and tbe reinaiui of tbe Anb of Fabiiu bare more 
racently been dtooovered near thia (pot. Could it by any chanoe bare been adU iitaudiug 
in 1152 I There are tbe remaina of >it anbooer raerbclpild 'acatteted all aniand.induding 
the memorial erectad by the Senate in memory of the grudcbildren of Augoitua, Ac 



V£ SOLACE OF F1LQRIME8 



121 



po bodies of mauricU eaiapii & can did i fiat were gouemouris of a legion seiit 
fro thebes ' on to romc to mazimiune pe enip«rou? whecli wer eke martirea 
for crtpt nndir ))at eaine tjTaunt. These to bre)wTD connaB ' were lechJa of 
craft & born in arabye disgrace of jiubolf goost )>ci had ^at whom H>euiV}?ei 
fond aeek \>ei cured hym a nou nith oaten ony cost of pe pncient. LiHiiu 
)>ut wua president of pe cyte called hem on to blm and inqwired of beni her 
naniea. Thei said pei lutb cosmos and dainianns. Thre brej^nu eke ^i hnd 
aa Jjei said  p ti bad ' ' whoa names f>ei cSeped antiniiiK leonciu^ euprepitta. 
Alle were eent aftir and whan pel were come be comaunded bem to do ancri- 
fiae to ydoles. Thei wold not. Wherfo? he comannded hem to be tormented 
with hot yrnea both in her handis and he? feet. In peie peyiies })ei fmnkid 
god with mery chere as Jjouj )>ei had no tonnent suffered. Tho {^e iuge bad 
)>ci achuld be iHiunde to gidir with atrong cheynes and ao to be J^i uw in pa ae. 
• Thus were ))ei serued and be pe myty hand of god delyuared for aodeynly ):>ei 
stood be fore pe iuge a gcyii, Crete woodyr bad po iuge of (lis delynerauns 
and Beyd on to hem. Tech luc |>is wiclicraft whcch je use and I achal be 
felaw with ^oui* werkis. A non as he bod aeid pcse wordea deueles appered 
uiaibily and bete him pat he was fayn to chaunge hia laugnge and sey on to 
coamaa & his hiepria on p'la maut?. I pray ;on ;e seyntis of god pray for 
nie. A uon as pel prayed for his help pe dciielea fled fto hym. Tbo Jie 
iuge turned on to bis errou? a geyn aayde ou to his asseesouris. Take heed 
now who wroothoare goddJs we? with me be coaae I waa in purpoae to fur- 
aake hem. Thoo bad be pel achuld bo ^lowe in a grete fire but be }>e myth 
of ou? lord it was aone qwenchid and ))ei soae delyu«ryd. Tho wold he |iat 
pe puple achuld pravr hem to ded with atones bat [kjo atones turned a geyu 
to po l^rowereB and )mrt hem greuonaly. Than we? )iei hange on a tre and 
men redy with acorgiH for to bete hem but pe beteres we? weiy er ^e aeyutea 
we? Bory. Than we? {>ei teyid on to a tre and men redy with arowis to 
schote hem to pe deth. The arowea hurt pe puple and pe scbeterea pe 
seyntes bad no harm. Thua last of alle he comaunded he? bedia to be amet 
of and be? bodies we? left ))at doggis and woluya schuld ete hem. But criaten 



AUo, at thii period, * connderable part of tb* Begi* wu still ilaiullng (MulTcl, 
p.*0. 

' The niMucrc of (hi Chriatiuu of Qw Theban Lcgiion, whSob took place in 802, k 
fully deforilied In SUdler. Th« aoonunt mU on tb« ■trtmgwt cTiditto*, uid oocurred 
M Uctoduniin (MutiDKh) in the Rhone Vidlrjf. It appvan th>t Um (kk« of the mutyr* 
WM brou^tbl *buDt by their refueiDK U> wuu-ificc to haathan godi, oben prepariug to atiut 
on t cUDpaij^. MauritiuB ia detcribod a» the ('nnunander of the Le^on, E<aiip«riiu 
(not Exupiua) M Ibv Caiiijiiilin^OT, and Cuididut aa the ^mafor mililum. S. UoriU 
Uku it< nam* from S. Mkuritiua {Ada Sattonim, Sa|ilenib«r, vol. <i, p. 80B}. 

' ' jt d»inianii» ' In muyin I'f MS. 

* From * to * inlerlineated and (truck througli in MS. 




VE SOLACE OF PILQEIMES 

men piiuyly carted heni and biried liem with grete woroliep.' Felix )« luii 
]mpe* ded moke he? citei'ch io rome os it ia writyn per* in uera of whech 
f. 397vaumiDe schul he rehereed /here. These \>ei be. Aula dei claria radiat 
epeciosa metalliB mnrtiribuB mcdicia populia epea certa ealutis Optulit hoc 
domiuo feli^t aDtietite digoum. Thus mene l^ei in englisdi. The ludle of 
god BchynyUi and ]>&i ful fay? witli metnl). With martires and leches to )« 
puple Iwpe of aery belth F«lix oSeied it to ou? lord ful wor)ji on to )?q 
inylyr.* 



Of ])e Btaciou at aeint laureiia in lucina. Cap zxxi. 



Friday in pe Jiird weke is pe stacion at eeynt lat 
cherch it is and a canlioales plac 



1 lu< 



I a fayre 



e ioyned )>«rto for |jia cherch is his tytle.' 
The? lith ]k body of eeynt lucyno whos ground fiia was and many mo in 
rome.* The? is eke pe cheyue with whech eeint laurena was bonnde in 
prison and muny ojjir reUkis. Here may men know wel fiat fia faJeaBcd 
inartir laureos aulTered mech I'ing for crist er fiat be was rested. For he was 
bounde iu pn'sou whecb tyme be cured al )>e blind men }>at cam on to him, 
ThuB rede we ]>at ou lucillus a hethen man waa in prtaun with him and for 

' Tbe account of SS. Ciwoio atid Damian, n» gJien in the MS., agrwi wilb tha accepted 
unthoritiefc Thej tie called hj tha Greek Church iiifyvpoi, baoanM they vrero willing 
to leJ the aict withoat fee or rewud. They lived in thi* mAQBec for aome yean 
in A^ea in Cilici*, and were martyred in that praiince by order of LynJu the govemor 
tlMrsoT. Tbb tooli place pmbkbly about the yeu- 2B7. At the time of the OoMdea an 
order of knightliaod wu eatablisbed in thur honour, the membeii of which lived aconrdiug 
to the role of the Builiuii, whoae daty it wm to care for liclc pilgrim* and to relesM 
priuneri. It did not, however, have  long eiietanoc (Stadler, Hriligenleiiion; Acta 
SaMlorum, September, vol. ril, p. *S8). 

' The remainder of this iiuciiplian, which itill eilats, ia u follow) : 'In qua plui Gdei 
^laipKtioumicattVonite x Sacroi^Crevit honore lociiif Munui ut utherim;; ViiM 
in krccpoll' The portrMt in manic of Felii IV (not VIII) ou rcilored b 1680, 
imfurtuiMtely out of all reacmbluice to the originit, which wmi probably » true tikeneu. 

* The ohurch of S. Lorenio in Luctna wea foanded in the foarth oentDiy. Lucinn wan 
a piooa Roman matron, who coavertod her honae into thii baaillca, which ahe coDitriiut«d 
/A her own ei|>en>e. It wax a itatian church in the sixth century, wai reglored by 
Benedict II about SSG, then by Hadrian I in 7S0, and later by Celeatinc III, who 
reconaecnted it in May, 1130. Although it retain! ita old mediaeval porch, the iolerior 
waa entirely remodelled in the seventeeuth century. It waa origioally known ai the 
TUmln Ltminat, nndsr which name it ii manlioned at the end of tbe fifth century. In 
July, 1872. aeveral tomba of the eighth century were diacovered near the church, while 
carrying out some worka M tbe Palaiio Finno. One of the epitspha ii of the time of 
Hadrian I (7^3), nod refera to a deacon named Paul, who waa present at the Roman 
Synod of that year (ArmelliDi, p. 309 ; Maroochi, p. 40G ; Nibby, p. 301), 

' The JVarl. Am. aay* of S. Ladna, that she waa a diaciple <^ the Apoatlea SS. Peter 
and Pant, that ahe devoted her property and apant her life in holping Chrietiani 
who ware in need, in vidling thoae confined in prison, and burying the remaina of tha 
martyi*. The name ia mentioned in many of the Act* of the Sainta, but al widely 
different periodi (Stadlar, Snligtnlenkoit). 



J 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



123 



fiDut Aud Bchame Telle in swech weping t>nt lie lost his sith. LaureDB ^d on 
to him |>ftt if he wold be leue in ou? lord ihfl erist he schuld haue bis sith 
n geyn. LuL'Ule sayd pni he heleued. Tlio Intireus baptized him & mad him 
hool of blyndtieree. Aftir Jjis many hlynde men cam ou to him for helth and 
he put his handcB up on hem and holed hem- Tliis waa pe principul chubo 
whi ypolitufl ' his kopef beleued in ou? lord and foraoke ail ]>e ydolee redy 
to take martirdam aa he de<h For after pe deth of eeynt laurens he waa 
drawa to dede witk wild bors. Of Beynt laoienfi epcke we no mo? now for 
we talked mo? largely of bim be fore. 



Of ))e stacion at seynt suBaone. Cap Kssii. 

8Htirday in ]k )>ii'de week is pe stacioun at a cherch of Beyat sueanne tatt 
by }>e place whecli is cleped terme dJoclecinne ' fat is to sey fe bathiB 
of diocletiane for pie diocleciane mad ^^e? a ful Eolempne paleys pe wallia 
and archia and many uoutis stand at pie day. The? were houais undir pe 
ground rennyrig with kundilia of cold watir wbe? lordis refreschid hem in 
Bomyr for pe eunnu is passing bote pert. The? we? houses eke a houe 
pe ground in wbech runne hot cu/tditis and pere abidea j^e lordia iu cold 
wedir. This paleya was gret & occupied mech lond, and on pe we*t sida 
})(Tof stant )?is place of seynt ansaniie. A fai? cherch it is and a praty place 
annexid pfrio fer fro ouy dwelleres half a myle on sum side on sum side a hoi 
myle. Thia place is newly joue to pe freris wheoli bo cleped bermyteB of eeynt 
auBtyu ptre dwell now iiii for ^e place is not grete. This pope nicholaa silh 
he waa pope translate pt boAy of Beynt Busanne ' fro seynt pet^res / kirk on f. 398 r 
to p'iM game as an eiigllEtch frere told me whech was on of hem ^t bare 
hir. And pe ston pal was up on hir ia bo? fiidir eke ou wbech j^eae uera 
be wrytyu. Olim preabiteri gabini filia felii Uic snsMiDa jacet in pace 
patri sociata.' Thus meua pel in ou? tonge. Suratymc of a prest gahine |>e 

 See note 2, p. $2. 

' Thu church of .-!. Suianna ii Hid to have boon focinded, Ute in the third century, in two 
houHi which bplDDged to Pope S. Caiiii nnd hu brother 8. Gahiniut. the father of 
B. Suunna- It wu known under the name atl ifmni ilomot, and waa in front of tha 
Fomm of Sallust The nams ad duni domot waa altered to inttr daat lauroi in iha 
Libtr Fmlificalu, but lonie eioaTatioiw carried out in lUO hate illacloeed the rvmuni 
of ancient Kuman houiei of tha third century on which the church ttMida. Thia would 
tend to ahuw that lli« foriuer name la correct (Adlnolfi, ii, p, S3S; Artnellini, p. S37: 
Mameohl, p. 380 ; Nibbj, p. 783), 

> Nicholai V, elected Pope March ID, 1417, died Maich 24, ltB4. 

< 8. Qabiniu* (at Gabiniu) waa the father of 8. Sutanna, and the brotber of the Pap« 

S. CalUB. He wai a learned nun, and the antbor of aeienl treatiaei agaitut tha heathen 

nUgloo. On tha deatb of hia wife he entered the prieithood ; be then devoted himwlf 

pcincipally to iho initnictlon of cateohDmani. Be auflersd martyrdom nnder Diocletian. 

H 2 




YE SOLACE OF PILQRIMES 



(touter rycli Here ansanne sche lith i 
BQEaiine I mod iiiqwivicion * of )i ie-ww 



pea 



ionpled to Lir fader. Of ]>x» 
wbat Bche wae for sum n 



sapposed |iat it lind he eusanue of ]7e eJde Uwe whecli was wyf to ioachini 
and doutyr on to liclchie whecL was accused ful wrongfully of too prcslea 
aud delyQ«red with grete myracle be dmuicl ^e propbtite. These men 
(jat seyd j^ua had a colou? for he? opinioiie ))at ]>e story of jiis same sueaniis 
is red f^at aame day in \>6 epiattd of ]>e meaae. But a no^^ir opinion was told 
me whech was aayd me })at jiifl auaaune waa wif to seynt alexe son to 
eufermyane a grete lord in rome whech dwelt in ^w mojtit adnentyna 
for Jier* was bis paleya and now it la a chercb of acint aabyn and a couent of 
frere prechouria. That acbe woe a preatir doutyr is not inconuenieut (or eo 
was aeynt p«mel. Seynt atene whan he had wedded he? he took hia leae of i 
bi? ful pn'uyly in hia chuiubir and ache aftir pat tyme lyued aful solitary Ijf , 
pleaing god with faatyng and prayer and ao endewred al hi? lyf.* 



Of be atacion at icrlm in seint c: 



Clip xsxiu. 



The iiii aunday of teiitou ia [w stacion at a chapel undir aeynt crtiaea , 
called ierusalem of whech we spak be fore. Wo saide Jx? ^at ]ns 1 
}ie conclaue of aeynt betyu whech at bi? instauns was balowed in worcbep of 
(36 crosae aud clepcd ierim sa a memorial of hi? noble lal(ou? pal both Bout & , 
fund )ie croaee at ierlm. For whan conat;mtine was baptized of ailucatir aud i 
^ia aame heleyne turned on to ]>e feith a nou with a gret dcuooion acbe weak 
on to ierlm to seke pe crosae whech ou? lord hyug on. Whan sche was com i 
]>idir and pe iowcs hod knowyng {jat sche had newly receyued po feith ' 
of ou? lord [wi we? a i'enl aud teid a mongt's hem. What wil )>is lady 
do hope je. On of hem wbeeh hith judaa raid on to hem. I wole ful weljjat 
acbe wil iuqwyre of us where ))at crosae is in whech ibu criat waa hangin. 
Be ware J>at non of jou be wrey {'ia coumel for if je doo cure lawe is I 
distroyed and all ou? forfadcree custumes schul turne to nowt. Zacheaa | 
wbeoh was my grauntse? said on to my fadir and my fadlr told it on to me. 

He ii uirl to h»Te been k relative or eaiiDexIiin of ^b^^ empemr, and to have come from | 
D«liii«tUQrigia»lly(Sud1er, ff«%Bn/«ri(ron; Acta Sanctorum, PehraMj, viH. lii,p. 1S8). 
'Da MlbM l;gt Skat Suunmt aad ir Tmter' {Ei» BlieJMn. &c. p. F U ~ 
ISOO, KM.). 

' From  to " itruck out sad interlineatod in MS. 

' S. SuiuiUk, TiTgia muTtyr, was daughter to S. Gabinim nnd niece to S. Caiat. Pop«b 1 
Owing to her bftriag tahMi a vow of virginity, she refuted lo enter into niatrimoiiiat I 
relation* with the udopted ion of Diocteti&n, and her dhaaljty wu nunoaloualj piotaoted I 
b; an an^. Sbe mffered gr«kt tomwata with mulutken fortitude, &nd waa beheaded it 
ber own ehainber abont the year SOS (Stadlar, ^ailfjmfeTJitan; Aeta SaHeloruin, Aocua^ J 
fol. li, p. flJi). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIJTES 



125 



Tims saiJe ho ou to vac whan he sclinld dey. Tukc heed son at my wordia 
if fiere be mod ony inqwyraunce of )» crosse whech ihu liing up on rather 
]>Aa ))0D Bchal deye telle bem where it is for fro ]iB.t tyme {>at it ia founde 
Bchftl nenyr ou? nocionn stand in worchip but al Jjttt worehip whech / wti«eh ' t- SBS » 
we had Bchal lurne on to )7o ciiBteii feitli. I eaid }}Qt tyme on to my fadir. 
Sith on? nncioun knew wel pat he was crist wbi wotd ^ei put bim on 
^ oi'osBe. My fade? anewerd iierto and BBide. God knowitb I consented 
neuyr on to ^at deth but oft spak I a gayn liem p&t conspired his detli. Bat 
J)e principal cause of his deth was j)at openly he prechid a geyn [w uioei 
whech )?e phnriaeea nsen. But |>ia is sikir t>at pa |>ird day aflir his paeaion 
he roa fro |je deth and foarty dnyea aftir Jtat resureccioun was he aeyn who 
be went up in to heucuc not only of his disciples but of many o]>\t of on? 
nacioan. And )»He myraelea were cause Jwt ateuene fii brofiir be leoed in 
him and prtfchid of bitii openly ]»tt he was messtas whech ou? lawe seith 
Echuld come for wheoli prechitig ^i stoned him to \ie doth. Therfor son be 
^a wa? I^at |x)a blaspheme not ]>e name of ihu ne speke no euele of non of 
his disciples. Whan pe iues herd iudas telle ^is tale pei said, pis ['ing 
held we ncuyr or now but whan we come in preaena of |je qween loke \>oa 
talk not ao large. 8one oftir ^is comunicacion ^ci come be fore )>e qween 
sche inqwired whe? |>e croase wua but non of bem wold make knowlochwhtrfor 
ache comaunded hem to be brent. Thoo in grete fere )>ei accused indas and 
said to )>e qween (>at lie was most pryuy to j^is mate? where |:>e croase and 
many o)iir )>iiigis were bid. Thotete sche hem ulle goo and on toiudas Echa 
said. Detfa or lyf may )rau chese but if pou telle me where pe crosac ia fiou 
BchaJ dey. He answerd & saide. Now is it ij c jcre sith it was hid I was not 
puna t>ore ue mauy jere aftir who wold ^e desire ])iB ^ing of me. Tho was 
he put in a dep pitte and kept pare with oute mete and drynk wenyng to him 
fat he 8chu)d deye perc for hungir. Than he asked m#rcy and iiromiscd jiat 
be Bchuld telle hi? where it was. "Whann he had brout hit to pe place he 
set him on Ids knea and pi-aied ou? lord god Jnit he schuld fycJe it. 
Sodeynly aftir his pruyt!? al pa erdo qwakid and out of cert«yii riftis cam 
oute amek whech smelled swetter ^au ouy apis. Tho iadas lift up his baudJa 
for ioyc and cried with a loude noys. Now knowe I uerily ^at po\i crist art 
sauyou? of )iiB world. Thei doliieu xx passes Si foundyn iii croaaea aU iii 
bore pa\ ia to pe cite and a bonte non of fiat same day pert was a ded man 
biout on a here, iudas took o crosse and laide It on pe man & he roos not 
po took he p6 eecund aud he lay still {)an pe )>irtl and he roos. Wherby p^ 
knew wel ^l was pe cro^ee whech crist halowid with his blood. Tho founde 
pei pe naylea and Bche reccyucd hem with ful grete reu#rena. Mecb J)iug U 
' ' wliech ' atnick out nad iDMitioMtsl in HS, 



writin of JjiB elori whech I leue 
BtacioncB whech be at o))ir placeB.' 



VE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

for I vi\ make dcciaraclon of o)>ir 



f. 309 r Of ^ stacion / at a cherch cleped quatuor coroiiatorum. Capitlm xxxiiij, 

Handay in 'pe fourt wehe is pe stacion at a cherch of iiii coronatoris a 
a liiH on pe rith haod as we goo to seyn ion lateianeuKia on to whecb cherch 1 
eke is anDexid a fai? place longyng on to a. tardiuale.* In ^is cheroh litb |>a 1 

' The atarj of the TiiTention of the Crow folloiiB the uauall; ucepted vern 
needs no remark ; but the life uf S. Ueleoa in of eucb intereit to our lution that aouiething 
Duty be uid »bout her in this place. Her full name was Flavia Julia Belena; 
the wife of Conitwitius ChloruB. >nd the mother of Cnnatuitina the Great. The date and | 
plsoeofber birth are both uncertain. KomenalboiB.eepecially the Brilieh, uy Lhatihe W 
boTD in Britain at York or Colcheater, and that she was the daughter of King Coilu. j 
Otben fit her Iiirthplace at Trbiei. The principal reMon for accepting the fotmar I 
theory ii that Conalantine ii believed to have been boni in Britain. Bnt eren thia is 
Qncerlwn, as anme authoritiei, notnbly Pagiua and Tillemoat, uaert thnt he wii bom at 1 
NaiHiu (Niua) ID SerYia. And It is curioui that Bede never mentioni the (act of bta } 
Iwviug first aeen the light in oat country. The only certainty ia Ihnt Conatantina 
Chlonu, who wa« co-emperor n-ith Diocletian, died in Britain. Some German autboritiM 
ha™ awerted that Trives «u the birthplace of S. Helena, but the grnunde for thia I 
statement are even wmlcer than the gronnda for the firal-mentioned theory. Aa earlj I 
 the liitli century Drepana in Bithynia wat said [o be the real place where aho w 
bom, and both Nicepboma and Procopin* support thia view. Thia town waa on tha ] 
ficapboma, and was afterwanls renamed Helenopolia after the emprc^a. The probabls 
date of her birth waa A.n. 21S, and S, Anibroae — who waa a boy of tive yaara of aga 
when ConatantiuB Chlorua died— nya that abe wni of humble extraction, nnd vraa the 
manageren of a postal station when Oonstantius Snt met ber. S. Auibroee, aa the son 
of a prefect, may Tory easily ha»e heard this from his own father. Eutropiaa, an 
impeiJal private secretary, in bis Koman history status that after the death of 
Constaiitius, bis son Constnotine, bom of a humble marriage {fx obicuriore malrimonlo), 
was elected empei-or in Britain ; and he must have hnown the facU, aa he waa a Court ] 
official who Bcoompanied Julian the Apostate to Persia. Some pagan writers evi 
uaert that Constantine waa illegitimate, fili'it ipunKi, but this can bordly be true, ai 
the eUtcment ia attribiitnble to their hatred of the Cbriatian empreas. Had this been I 
the case, the ariatociKtic and proud Diocletian would hardly hnve oast hia eye as I 
Conatantiui's natural enn tu suoceed him after his death ; nor would the son have dared ] 
to call his mother Anguitii, Nor would Eameoides in hia panegyric have presumed tq J 
■>y to him : Thou hast deserved the empire through tby birth ; iiaperiun naiemuh I 
tntntML S. Helena was eventnally divorced by Constaatina, and settled at IVbvea, t 
Eutropins, tn spealung of this, calls ber the luor of the emperor, and uses the wor~ 
dirtmptit jpiioribui oonSngiu in (peaking of the divorce. Ccdns and inxiriptions al 
bear witness to a l^aJ union. So far aa la known, Constantlne was ber only ton. Si 
died, at the age of eighty, in the year 338, at Byzantium or Nicomedia. Her body V 
brought to Rome by Constantine's orders (Rtadler, HtUigeaUxikoii ; Acta Sanetortatf I 
Angust. vol. iii, p. SIS). 

 The ohureb of the SS. Quatuor Coronati existed on the Caellan Hill from the fourth | 
or fifth century; it was rebuilt by Uonorius I in the seventh, and by Leo IV ii 
ninth century. There ia a convent attached to the church, bnt the history of the (bitffl 
RunjTB it very obscore. After the sack of Rome by Robert Guiscard. Pascal II Nbniltl 
the chnrch ; 11 was again leslored under Hartin V, by Cardinal Carillo, and latu li 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIYES 

body of on mnriutf }>at cam fro perse nod took his martirdam in rome. The? 
lith his wif eke whech hite martha and hia too soncB on bith andifnx nn u^ir 
aTiacnk alle iii martires eke.' These foure corouutourea were grauouris of 
ymagcrj and entaylc moEt epeeiali in etoou, Thei founde firai ^ maii«r 
of werkyng in hard utoueB boLh of twwing grauyng and jiulehing at it is 
■eide at rome. Dyuers oppiiiioDce be of he? names BUmine »ey )>er« we? but 
four wbech hith ]>aB eeuenie Bcuerianu* caiTXtfoi'Ufi & uictorinu*. Sum 
sey pere we? .u. claudim nicboBtralin castorim ainiphoriaima i 
The names of ]>e iiii first myth not be founde and j^erfor \ie cherdi eette in 
ftese .u. for }>ei were martirtzed jie Barae day. Dioclcciane mad e. grete 
tcffipil in n-liecfa he wold make a grete eimulac? of ]ie eunne with cart and 
hors »nd a1 {« aray ae Jw poetes feyned. For f>ei feyned f)at J>e sunae 
ridith iu a citare of iiii whelea and jie moiie in a cart of to wheles and mecb 
o}iir ]>ing. But to jjis euteut say we t>iB, Dioclcciane had found a noble 
ueyii in pe erde of a pr^cioua Bton ]>ei clepe thaao he did clepe both 
ptiilisophres and grauoures and told hem his a uys )iat he wold hane a chnre 
grnuen in pi* ston with iiii wheles and iiii hors and a roan stauding in pt 
chnre whech schuld lepreaent f)e BQ«ne. These iiii corouatotim were 
presented on to him a mongi< many o})ir werkmen as most parGth ajid moet 
Botil in ymaginacion. But |)ei wer priuy criaten men and )>at [wi Echuld 
werk ]>ei wrout it in \>e worcbip of ci ist and seyutia elles wold }>ei no j^ing 
ginue. Crete strlf wm ]>ere many day be twix ]>e philiEopbree and J)e 
werkmen in what maner pie tton Eohuld be kit. Ho at ]>e comaundment of 
diocleciftiie fx« we?' on a day sex hundred werknjen and xx with too 
philiaoplires & eaer was )Kre gret strif be twix hem. These Iiii corouatouree 
Btood l>e flide and ded naut to }>e werk. Thoo }>e philieophres chaUnged beni 
and feid on to hem. What is ]je cause {lat je obcye not on to ]>e comaund- 
ment of }>e most goodly and mekest prince diocleciaue. Claudiua spak for 
hem. We wil not blaspheme him fiat mad ua ne we wil do no ewech weric 
in whech we achuld he found gilty in his aith. The plulisophres Baid |mu 
OD to hem, It aemetb f>Al je be cristen men. Thei auswerd all with o 

Pioi TV. Two Popet, Leo [V And Stephea VI, wen elsotad ia it (Adinolfi, i, p. 837 ; 
ArmeUIni, p. S71 ; Mmrooelii, p. 228 ; HHA-j, p. 883). 

' SS. Mkriui and Mtrtba CHiiie troat I'snia to Rome nilh thdr •oiu S& Aadifai ud 
Al«cak, and lufferFd miLrljrdotii during the Trign of CUadiiu ^308-70). Mariiu ia 
aoDielinie* callad Marcus, Marinii*, Maru. and Man*. Abacuk haa n 
*ucb aa Abaoham, Abbacuc. Abacac Abacbucb, Aiubaouc, Ambaouni, Ambaoa, Abaceit, 
and Nabnchum. The father and the tuo ■on* ware talien priaonen al OiUa, and oruellj 
lurtimd before martyrdocu ; tba mother wa* throirD into a wcIL Tbey are aiini 
(in UerniaDf ) TCocratcd U tbe three phjaidana (Sladler, fftilii/ail^cikoii; Afia Bane- 
torun, January, to), i), pp. 314 and 11)6. 

* 'g»de'(!p»rtof 'gaderedl ia maixin of HS. Thereit of the word iacmoff. 



128 YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

noya. Treaty are we cristen men. Thuo ^ pliiliaoplires cfaoBe o]7!r weHc> I 
men whech mad an ende with iaae xix duies. And whan ))tB werk warn J 
broat be fore ]>e silh of pe empeFonr he memeiled ^xrot and letd. Thia 1 
f. 399 V haae ^i made ]mt are hald so gret / maieteres in )>ie croft. The philisophrea I 
ftDswerd. HoH prtitce )>o men of whom ^ Epeke ar criaten men end ba 
magik wene for to make all roeo Bubiect on to hem. Diocleciane said. 
If Jns be solb we schul haue exp«fieuB and ]» same houf he comauded on 
lampodius to do execucioun up on ben. First he cleped hem and Bcbewid i 
9,1 mane? tormentr}- and inqwired of hem wbeidir Jiei wold do sacriGae to ):« J 
immortal goddia or nowl. The! wold not do his comaondmeitt as }>ei soids, f 
Tho mad he hem naked to be betyn with scoi^s and a crier in |k betyiig ] 
cried pae. The preceptia of princea echuld ^e not despiec. In ^t same ob9 
Inmpadina waa obceasid with a deaele and eae in his Bete he rent him Mln« 
and deyde. Hia wif and his eyir runne to )k paleya crying ueniaunge of 1 
JwM wicchie. Tho )>e emp«roui' comaunded Juat J^'i alle schuld be wound in [ 
led and so ^wyu in tybir. But wilb in fewe dayea a crieten man cleped { 
nichodemua lift, up )je bodiea and biried hem in his bouB.' 



Off ^e ataciOTi at s laureTie in damasco. zxin. 

Tewisday in Jiat aame weke ia ])e itacion at a chercb cleped lanrenrii in I 
daroasco. Tliia cherch staut faat be campflou?.* But whi it is clepid in 
damasco I bane not lemed jet wel wot I )?at damaacus was aumtyme ^ 
principal cite of aurrj-. On cleped cleezer steward of abrahamea houshold 

' Much duntit 1ia< «1wfty« eiUteil u to the aamei of the four orowacd martjrt, but I 
gonenllf lu^ce;Jled onct are SeTeriu, SereriaDtu, Carpo|ihonu, aad Vicb'rinDtL Thef J 
•Htm bcktea to dulh with dubs, miJ their remain?! thrown to the dogi, which. hawcTer^ 
retnKd to touch them. After being watched for five d»ys, tbev were honourably borisd I 
in the Via l^blcuuL As their munea were nnknowii. Pope Melchiades orderMl that Ihmf 
■hould beTeoented under the name of the QualHOf Incoionali (Stadler, SeiligrnleTiton J 
Aela Banelomm, NaTember. vol. iii, p. 718). 

' The church of B. Lorenzo In Dunaio wM erected by Pope 8. Dununi Dear tinfl 
niini of tlie thentre of Pompey in the ye>r SgO. It nu realored by Hadrian I a ~ 
Leo in, uid entirely tvconitrocted wLen Cardinal Riario built the adjoining paUee af  
the CanceUeria. Up to thii time tbe front of the chnrch faced on the Via del Pellegrina^ W 
and, according to De Bcni, congiited of a doable portico and three aiilea with two 
of oolnnmii. Armellini add*, ' ma db che rmdefa caiatteriatica e degna di riloTauia hi 
distribuzione aroliitoH4iniai interiore dell' aula, era la poei»one della na»e coA-i 
Iraivena, la quale nan correva incanm all' abside, come in tutto le altre baatUeha, mal 
dletro alia mederiina a Diodo di portico, coriocht totlo I'edifiiio em unto ed abbnuciato dkfl 
portici.' Tbia conitmolion it deKribed bj Pope Damarai in bis verMe on the efaun' 
the leit of which ha) come down to u>. Bnunaate'e work of the fifteenth century n 
finally reitored by Valitdier in tbe iunet«cnth (Armellini. p. 313 ; Maruocbi, p. 419 ; I 
Nlbbj, p, a&i). 



YE SOLACE OF PILORUrES 



129 



he nmd it, aumme men clepc liim n Du)>tV aame and so 1i« Iiith dnmescus but 
1*19 may not be drawu in no cobu? to oamjiig oipis cberch. The gloso' up 
on yaui up on [lis text Omis damasci teith )»t in }>ie same place where )>e 
cite of damaac etaut caj-u killid abel liis brojiir, ainJ as eeynt gregori aeith 
every wikkid man may be tlepid cftyn and euery good man fat Bufftrlth 
pacieiilly pfTseeuoion abel, l^Hierfur (jIb tyraunt deciu* was lich a noJ)ir 
cayu and ]iia martir lamena lich a nojiir abt-1 but whejiir )wit seynt laurens 
Buffered ony tormentri in Jiia place or nowt I am in doute. If he ded fian 
myth it be called pe place where cayn kilHd his brofiir. But a nyher 
euydens may we make of Jjis place. For damnscua is aa mech for to aey aa 
a blodi fi'M now )}is cherch stant ny in |;e most multitude of houses and 
dwelleree of rome. It ia for to auppoae uerily (>at many a martir was killid 
in fat place be cause it was ny ])a piiple )>at |iei scliuld be mo? a ferd t<) 
receyue cristen feith 'periot was it called )>e blodi fold whech in aurry toug 
aoundith damaacus. A mougi* uH oJ>ir seinlis whei:!i rettyn iu J)iB cherch 
]>tre lith an holy pope* clepod damasus for |»it man sum aey it achuld be 
cleped laureni'ii in damaao not in dainaaco aa pel clepe j^e cberch of bolbyue 
aaluatoria in hitlbiua for fe cherch is of jw saluator crist and ))is mayde 
halhyne lith \>ere fierfor pei cicpid it soo. This damoaus )jo pope ded raech 
()iug / in f)e cherch aftir tyme fiat he was pope. Firat Eoute he certeyn f, *00r 
seyntia and tranalate tiem and mad uera up on he? grauee for he waa a grete 
uercyfioti?. He ordeyued eke at iuatauns of aeynt ierom ]»at psaliues scliuld 
be aonge both nyth and day. And ))cse too uera at )>e psalmcs endea wrote 



ft,™ 



crom on to him desityng of him )>Bt aH ^ chetch sebuld be boutide to 

e obaeniauns, gloria patri Aero,' 



' gloafi, or commentary. 

* S. DamaiuB I,  Spuiiard by deicenl uid a Roninn by birth, wm born ftbont the jMr 
30fl, OTuI WH a[ipoiut«d ArchdeMoo of ths RomsD CLurch in 3GG. He fulkiweJ hia 
pndviauoT Libcriua into eiQe, but nxm returned tu ttonie, and on tbe death of Iib«riu« 
WM elected to lucoeed biin in October, 366. The nppoeilion part;, wfau held to the 
emperor, elected the Deacon Unlnue (Uriicinu*) m* Kat>))ope ; a itruggle took place, 
ohich led to bloodehed. EteBtnall; Urainui wh binisbed from fioine to Oallia. 
8. Damaini woHcad hard to reetore anion to the Cbarch, whieb wu then moeli divided on 
aocounl ortbe Anan and other bareaiea. Coundli were held in Rome in S6S and 37U, and 
he waa prMcnt at the great Connnil of Cotutantinople in S81. He itid miich for the 
beaatirylug nf Rome; he built Mme cburcbea. reetwed othtts, and decorated many of 
tl>e tomb* of the nurtjn, Hi* Snel^-Iettered Inecriptioni are itill iiniTanally admiied. 
Be WM a friend oF S. Jerome, and Mked him to reviM the Vulgate. Ai our chronicler 
■ajra, he ordered that pealma ihould be enng morning and evening in daily prayer; alio 
that at tbe end nl each psHlnj the doiolngy, Gloria palri, Ac. ibould be iBng. He died 
on Dec. lU, 3g<, aged 80 ; hie rcioaina were fi'iind in 1889 in a church built by bim 
on the Via Ardeatina: they wore placed under an oltar In (he church of S. Lotcdco 
in Damaao in 1645. Two editiuna of hii worki (in 1SS£ and 1751) haw been publUheil 
(Stadler, BMtgmlaikon). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRnJES 



Off ]Je stacion at seint paoles cap xssui. 

Wednysday in ]k same weke is pe Btacion at ]te oberch of aeynt p&ole 
wfaech Btant with out pe wallia on ]>e sonth tide of rome of whech we spoke 
be fore but summe addiciones wil we sette here rith for conformite of ^t 
book. There ly in pia cherch as ^ei aey {lat dwelle pere a [xiUBaiid of )poo 
innocentia wbecb were kitlid for crist. There Hth thimotheus Jwit wm 
disciple on to paule and titua eke whech was hie disciple alsoo. These to 
men receyaed notable epistelis fro eeynt paule and hem both mad be 
bUchoppis on of hem in asie "pe o|>ir in europe as seith pe glose up on ))e 
sam« epi«teles, The? hth eke in ]?ie cherch seint maurut seynt approuiane 
and Beynt archemie fetiK eke pe mailir fat blew down many mawmentis. 
Audactuj pe martir aimpliciuB pe martir fauatiniM beatrix lucia geminiaiias 
ciriacUB larguB & amaragduB and many ojiir of whech it we? al to longe to 
write here pe paasiones.' There is pe hod of seynt ananie whech baptized 
aeynt paule in pt eit« of damaac. The hed of aeynt steuene pe: first martir, )>e 
arme of seint anne modir to ou? lady, pe arme of seint nicholoe biichop of 
bare, pe arme of pe woman samnntaue )>at jaue criat drynk at |>e velle. 
There stant also a pile? whech stood in pilates houa on whech stood Uth 
what tyme crist was bete pere summe Bey ]»it crist was bound on to }>e same. 
In {lis same cherch Htb seynt pla' whech lent paule a cloth whan he schuld 
be ded. And he cauBP Jjat story longith directly to pe apoatel paule for J?at 
cause wil we reherse it he?. Whan paule waa coudeinpned to pe d«th be was 
led foiih in to jje feld out of rome for pe place where hia hed waa amet of ia 
out of rome ili myle. In pe gate of rome whech ia cleped porta capenn or 
ellis porta aci pauli [lia woman plautille whech was lemed be him in pe laws 
Scbe wept ful gore tok hir leue and comeiidid li 
u to hir. Fare wel plautiH doutyr of e 



of god met pert with hin 

to bis prayerea. Paule eaide c 



 Of Ibia long lilt or taiaU whcne relici are ta be found in S. Faul's, S. Timot 
■uScred martynloin in Epbeiua in ths ye>r a.d, 37. Hit n^lica were broDght 1 
ConatantiDaple in 35S, auii aftciiTkrdi » ptrt of tbeiD were Sent to Rome. S. HtU^ % 
oollugiie, died in Crete nt the ftdvaiieed age of ninety-four, and wm buried a 
Hia bekd ia at H. Mark 'a, Venice, but hii otber relica appau- to have been loat. S. Mav 
and S. Appronianua will be found mentioned in the Seitigmlaritoa; the story of f 
and Adauotua i> alao found in that work. The three aainl* Simplidoa (Siinpli«d>aM 
Faiulinufi, and Beatrix autfeicd in the peraecntion of DiooletiiUi in 302 or 303. and « 
buried b]r Lntina in the cemetery ad uriun pileatuai an the road to Forto. 
cemetery near Ponte Galen the nnme of ti. Beatrix can itill be aeen. 3. La 
an aged widow, wbo with 8. Geminianna waa also martyred auder Diocletian about Si 
83. Cyriacua, Largu*, and Smaragdua periahed in the same peraecution ; a ihoit aeooua^S 
S. Anaoia< axiaU in Stadler, Seiligeitltxikon. 

 I plaatilla ; the rat of the word ia out off. 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



131 



I&stfDg helth but of ' )>ing I pray })e lenHe me a kercbi willi whech I m»y 
hide myn eyne whauii) 1 scliul l«se myn lied, Thoo iooTt sche him a kerdu 
and ho bare it forth with faiai unil wli»n his bed was smet of be sprad it with 
his owDC handis and gadered pe blood. Aftir )N)t gadering ]>e kerdii WM 
sodryuly at mine in plautill hand. Scbe / was a knowe aftirwaid ^at sche f. IDO v 
»ay petir ami paule who fwi came in to rome arajed with clofJiB of gold and 
crowues on he? hedes. Sche echewid eke hem p»t were nt bia delh fw 
wympil al blody wbech wm broiit hir to rome longe er f>ei myth com f)Lder.* 



Ofr))e station at s martyn in roontibue. cap xxxuii. 
Thursday in pat eamc weke is ]>e stacion at a chereb cleped t>ci martini 
in montihwa ' wbe? wynt silueBtCT- lith & pere is bia stole bia uestment Sc hl> 
BandftlyB. In Jjib elierch lyn eke many o^ir Beyntis. There be dwellyng at 
J'is place cprteyn frercB cteped cnnneiitee forbe?ord?be gan in }» biH cleped 
carmele whech atant in palestin. Thie martyu was pope ' in pat Bsme tyme 
pAt on pHule patn'ark of coni^tautinople eette grete scisme in }» chereb. For 
he held \>at heresie whecb puttith but o wil in pe pfrgone of on? lord ihii 
criBt. Aile pe testimonies of pe old faderea of Jie cherch he refused ]>t 
«inbasaiatoaf«s ^t were sent fro rome to undirtake htm of his grete defantes 
he despiwd. Tboo )>at we? of pt trew opinion be bet hem prisoned hem 

» ThiB bnulifnl »tory of S. PlwitilU will be found in the Hiilignlaxikim. Slw !• 
believed to have been a Roman Wy ufgouJ fnmily, (he ebter ol the Coniul (Ismetie, and 
the mother or Flavia Domitillii. She died in peace (date uncertain), and h''r remain* 
are uld tu rett in the chorch of 8S. Nereu and Acbilleo. Soaie relict uf ber are at 
5. Bartholomew (SCadler, BnligenJtxikon ; Jrta Bn^ttotMm, May, voL v, p. 173 ; vol. vli, 
p. SU). The traditional (ite of the occurrence u *bowii in Plate DI of De Boerf'i Piantt 
teomtgrafiekt di Eomn. It i> marked with a crou and the word* ' ap haoe (Tucem 
8. Paalitf piita dcfanctu* veluin mulieri reddidit'. The croM appean In Plate I), hut 
not in PUte IV, nor afterward*. In aU three (II. Ill, and IV] abridge, and a chapel on 
the bank of a (mall atream, are ehown cloae by the dte ot the crrwa. 

' The church of S. Martioo ai Monti wai coniitnicted in the hatha of Trajan, it la aaid 
(in the Liiir foiiliJIcalU), hy 8. Sylresler. In early time* it vaa known aa the IUoUm 
tquil'i, from the name of the owner of the pinperty on which it atood. Bat it ooon took 
the name of the Pope who dedicated it, and waa then called lilulus S. SUtuM. Id it 
waa held the aynod againat HIppolytua, Calliitui, and Victorinu* in the year 324. Pope 
iiymmachai. In the fifth century, trtoled anoUieT boilding over the old Uaailica of 
R. Silv«)il«r, and dedicated it to S. Martin, Biabop of Toun, and to S. Silveatar. The elder 
church remained baricd underground, and waa only accidentally diacnvoivd in the 
seventeenth century. The baailicB na raatored in the rsigfoa of Hadrian I, Seripoa II, 
and Innocent III. Leo IV decorated it with painting! and moaaice. In the ihteentb 
century, Cardinal Diumede CareflX rebuilt it ; under Piua IV, S. Carlo Bumnnen reatorad 
the ceiling. In 1650 the General of the Carmelite*, Antonio Filippini, apent hia whole 
patrimony of 7U,000 aoudi in beautifying the ohanh. The fafaile was renewed In K76 ; 
finally. Cardinal Zelada again raatorad the Indlding at great eipenae (AdinolR, li.p. 131 ; 
Anuelltni, p.163i MsniccU, p. 319; Xibby, p. 5(3;. 
b2 



n TL hiLjL.zz :f ? 



J^ 





tuuTrj^ hjm 1. iuii^!>asfm «: runs if i. 

MiutfC vt nanj iua0» ins «t7T :ixr^ jiri pid vis & _ 

^ ^ # ^ » 

v,td. ii:t r«>ri «r!in.>: tu^ '?i& srce.* Bi: va 'jocL pai iBfei pii 

^ P'lf 1^ Ta<i( ::^>ii -/ rhafil ^q**! ! u task (Sucai » of c«r kvi aad 

*hir f VI Mi:,^, 'knr^, & s^jCtr c.&*<r ifd be (ccJc fiM poce * aad led him im to 

U^.vyn I'.r rita </ p« <iMT<iL. Tbere ded* ht mmnj mrndei fiv  fcuk ptaL 
tfMMijkt^ L>M u> na^k^ The txat ddtj is ^ itteioa at a chgicfc of aeyi 
»ir.vrifUr vfc«er )»t hit i^d 11 aLd eke }k hed of sernt kn bifidit and ni fm 
pU#t« ^wtil^ tW/% Liau^M vLteh Laae}« kepirg of )« la|)dite» ked.' Maiiy 





• 



* H. MiMa I VM «l«eud Po^ /tdj $, M9 ; £ed 3cf»c 15, «55. Otj^iiii, 

fv^ *Hh lib 'IftOh ta •ftalj 'Aiu«Ua v. /■ Ttr. Mv±\ Ae aceooft g:if«B kvt 

wHh Uah ^i^ tU fsnanj fWfA^i vnhrjgixiem 'Smh2^ DieHamarf 0/ ChruHoM 

Hui4Uiw, ii^tUig^imUgxkfm ; D^elMn*. X^.<r P^miijUalis, toL i, pc SS6 ; S«ini» fvL zi. 

* TIm; 'tkfrr'th '/t H. Hi\r^0Ur wut on^naDj kiMwn m S. Dioajniiii taftfr dmm k t H mt «r 
«////» /'4«l», TIm //A^t PimtijicnliM, in the bfe of Paul I ;757-«r^, mjb tbU kt bailt tha 
#t!liirr:k aad tn/^aacUfj in hii own komie in boooor of SS. S^lrertcr aad Stephm I, bolk oC 
trk^/TA «r«T4 ff^/f>4«, bqt that he dft'Jicated the church to S. Dioojdaa. Forhapi tha chuck 
KaH l#iMm <y«Tninime«d bj bia brrdhcT and predeeeator Stephen II, a« will be taca bom tha 
A/ia '/f HH. iM^rna and Emerita 3fartinelli, op. eii., p. S56). Malliaa n u n fii in a thia ia 
fU A^t f n, %%%%. The charch vaa called inUr duot kortot on aoooont of the gmideaa ia thia 
n»i\n\t\0mrhi>i0\ \n the Middle A^es. Coniiderable remaiu of antiqniliea, 
mmim of Mithraic aronibip, hare been (bund here from time to time; many of 
litmnrvaiX in the or/urtjrard in front of the chnrch. It is now known ai S. SlTaatn> ia 
CttjAl^, liAcatjM the relic of the heafl of S. John Baptift ia preeerred here. Ia the lentk 
catitury the charch wa« a werj important one, and wae given poiipawon of the Coloma 
Iff Mamus Aureliui, which no doubt helped to mto that monument frxnn dastroetkm. 
fnmicent III reet^ired the church in the twelfth century; the campanile ia of hit date. 
Tlie church waa altare<l by Clement VIII, restored by Clement XI a century later, and 
Uat/»we<l upfin the Kn{(Ush Catholics by Leo XIII in 1890 ( Armellini, p. 220 ; Manicelii, 
p. a&6i Nibby, p. 718). 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 133 

men sey \>B,i pis hed is at amyas ^ and ]>ei must undtrstand pere is no more 
at amyas but \>e nethir chauyl ' for al pe o}?ir/ part of )>e hed is mad off. 401 r 
goldsmytis werk. So 30 may se uerili ]>at pe principal part of baptistes hed 
is at rome. 

Of ])e stacion at seint eusebie. cap xxxuiii. 

Friday in ))at weke is pe stacion at seynt eusebie * and ]7is cherch was ]>e 
title of J)at honorable fade? herry bischop of wynchester Jjat deyid now late.* 
On to )7is cherch is annexid an abbey of munkys I wot not uerili now of 
what ordir. To ]>is cherch \>e same cardinal at his deth be set good 
omamentis and fay? ieweles whech are schewid \>ere at )>e stacion to grete 
worchip of englisch men. Off ]>is eusebie elle \>e teld stories of ]>e cherch 
]}at he was a preest in rome swech tyme as constantine was emperou? not he 
grete constantine baptized of siluester but his son whech was defiled with 
pe arrianes heresi and was rebaptized eke of a bischop hith eusebius ]>e 
grettest fauto? of peX scisme. This same emp^rou? constantine had so ]>ret 
pe pope * at )>at tyme whech hith liberius |>at he was fauourable on to ])at 
heresi. For )>i8 rede we pB,t at pe comaundment of )>is emp^rou? ])is pope * 
liberius was sodeynly lift up in a chare and caried oute of pe cite in to an 
yle whe? he was exiled iii ^ere. He puB exiled pe cherch at rome be his 
consent chosen a new pope * clepid felix whech man was grete enmy to pe 
arrianes for a geyn hem he sette a gret councel at rome in whech councel 
he reiecte too men fautourt« on to pe emperou?. On of hem hith ursaciitg 
pe o])ir hith ualent. And whan )>ei were pus pat oute of pe councel )>ei 
laboured on to ]^ emperou? }>at he schuld depose ])is felix and clepe him 
liberius a geyn on ]»t condicion }>at he schuld ^eue fauou? to her heresie. 
Whan he was come a geyn )>is liberius he ded as ))ei desired and ^aue grete 
fauou? on to hem. At )>at tyme ])is blessed preest eusebius of whom piB 
present capitule is mad stood up manly and defended pe trew feith euene 
in pe presens of ]}is constantine and seid )>at he was ful sory ])at liberius 
hed of pe cherch schuld ]>us falle in to heresie. Constantine was wroth with 

* ? Amieni. 

' jowL Obt. form. 

' The church of 8. Eotebini ii very ancient, havin§f been oonitruoted in the fourth 
century in the house of the taint ; it ii mentioned in the fifth century. It was reitored 
by S. Zaohariae, Hadrian I, Leo III, and Gregory IV, entirely reconatmoted in 1238 
under Gregory IX, and again in 1711 and 1750. Gregory XVI abolished the title and 
transferred it to S. Gregory, but Pius IX restored it (Armellini, p. 282; Maruoohi, 
p. 842 ; Adinolfi, i, p. 290 ; Nibby. p. 214). 

* This was Heniy Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester, who was nominated Cardinal of 
S. Eusebius, May 24, 1426 ; received the hat at Calais, March 25, 1427 ; died April 11, 
1447. This last date is important in the chronology of this book. 



13i 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



))e wordis of j^is man nnd comaundeil bim to be sperd up io his owne h 
in a smal come? wbech bad in brede no mo? pan iiii fet«. Tbere continuod 
pi» boly man in grete constauua and denoute prajerea many montbis and 
in |)i8 tribulacion deyid aud went on to oure lord besixkalend of eeptembtr. 
Too denoute prestes gregori^a and orosim took up hia body and bore it to 
pit plice cleped cimittrium kalisti and byried it ^re. Tbei sette eke ^is 
title on bis graue, Tbe aepultnre of enaebJ pe man of god.' Whan con- 
Btantine berd j^at })ia gregory bad byried euaebius body be comaunded ^t 
V he Bcbuld be sperd in pe same nout and dey feM for hungir / bat oroeius 
Ilia felaw carieJ blm outa be nyth and counforted bim ;et deyed be witb 
inne fewe diiyes and was byried in }>e same uout next aeynt eusebye.  



Off J)e Btacion at a cbercb clepid nlcho^di^ 



in cnrcere. smx. 



Sstirday in ^t same weke is \<e Etacion at a chei'cb oleped iei nicbol&us 
in orcere.' It soujidith in ou? lunge seynt nicbolaa in pe prison. For p\a 
prison was mad be juliane apoBtala for cristen meit & now is it mad a chero 
in worebip of seynt nicbolas where ae ]>ei sey ia eeint nicbolaa anne and 1 
pontifical. The? is eke pe arnie of seynt alex and a grete part of » 
frannceya babite. Tbere Htb eke at pe dore aJ l^e body of a gandir wbecli 
wae worcbipid as for a god swech tyme as a gander bad wakid pe keperes 
of pe capitol wban pe kyng of yoglond bsd conqwered al saue pe cnpitol.* 
Be cause {lia cbercb is dedicate to seynt nyobolas snmwbat of bis lyf w 
expleite be?. In bis childhod be bod pat p«rfecciouTi tiat he began to fu^l 
twyes in pe weke for on wednysday and ftiday be wold iu pe cradill sob 
but onys Jjua be gau in bim pe gret pm-feccion of abatinois. Wbaa 1 

' Thera >re no len (hui fid^-three midW named 9. Euaebiua, and the nne mentunted ] 
bj our ahraniclur nppean to be a Roman priest, whu was  zealoas opponeut of AriaolBm 
during the reign of the Emperor Coiutanliua, He was impriioiied for Eeveo montlu in 
a Mnall cell in hit hoQH before he died. He wai buried in the Catacombi of S. Callirtua 
(Stadler, Seiligenle/ikvn ; Acta SoKctorvm, August, vol. iii, p. 166). 

* The church of S. Nicola in Careers was constructed about the atith centaiy ia 
Forum Olitodutn, otbt the ancient Temple of Piety, in the diKtriat known a< ad tltphe 
lam. It take* its name from a priaon, mentioned bj Pliny (iV. S., vii, c. SB) : 
ille eidem CDnnaatm deae C. Quiuctio M. Acillo Cou. Templu Pietati* eistructo In il 
careeria aede, abi nunc MarcelU Iheatrum eat.' The remembrance of the theatre la 
fnr it ia mentioned igun in the Life of Hadrian I {Lib. Ponl. in Adr. v. i) :  dedoe 
elephanto iu carcerem publicum illic coram universo populo eianiinati aunL' The dmi 
wai iwitoTed by Felix IV, Boniface IV, NicholM III, and Alexander VI, and vm 
to ita pTcsont form in 1599 by Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini (Armeltlni, p. 47S ', 
ehi, p. 617 ; Nibby. p. 657 ; De Road. DM. ^ArcK Criit, 1873, p. 83. 

' Muffel, without mentioDing tbe nune of the church, aaja : ' Item daielbat dnd 4 
■wen abtgotter die man dm genien gemaeht hat die Bom behipllen ' (erhallfln •> TCtU 
< do man eingmb noter dem Capitoiium ' (p. S4). 



didi^H 

becb 
itol.* ^H 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 135 

fi-endis wc? dod he anued iii maydenes fro ]>e filth of leccherye jeu3-ng hem 
grete habnndauns of his good whf? he fuifilled \>e counceii of on? lord fiot 
seid to his diBciplea. But if ;e forgakc al put je Laue je may not be my. 
In t^is dede eke he fled pe luoBt perilous' of uejnglom whatil be wold do it 
BO pryujly. He was chosen Usohop with outen ony symouie. He miniatred 
in bis olHce with oute ony monetise. He li&lp mariueres in p«T«llia of pe 
Bce. He multiplied pe whete )>at was seld to his parisubonea. Uany oj^ir 
yingit ded he wbech are custoinable in pia loud to be rehersid both Id latyn 
and in englisch.' 



Off pt etacitm at b petir cS zl. 

On pe passion Bunday is pe stacion at pe cherch of seint petir of whecb 
place mech )iing was seid be fore but sum |?ing was left to sette in here. 
There is a ymage of oa? lady in a cbapeH and it doth many miracles in 
BpectftI to hem }%t haue pe breiinyng feuy?. Mecb offerjng is Jwtoo and 
grete pardon giaunted to bH ^t uisite ))at place. There is eke a no};ir 
ymage of on? lady depeynted on a. wal in pt cberch and be cause pel had 
hange iudaa roop be fore lie? sche stei't a wey with indignacioun and sodeynly 
Bppered in a bare wal be side and ]>at wal whe? sche was depeynted is bare 
as neuyr pictui* had be pen? Eke pore is pe ^ird ymage of ou? lady in pe 
porch as we come in and a iew seyiig cristen men do grete reutrens perio 
I not with what instrument he smet it but in oery sikirneese pe blood ran 
owt fro pe ymage wbech is poyntid on a wal jet is pa blod sene both of pe 

'  uji' in nmrgiQ of MS. 

' S. Nicboiu.wu bom at PatkrB Id Lfcia, the namiM of bis pitrtnU hang Epipbaniaa 
and Johkiuia. Hia uncte wm Nicbotu, Bi«hap of Mjmt ; the oephew, after Inktrlling m 
a pil((Tim to Jerujuleni and Mount Siun, wu »liO elected biahop of lbs uma place in luc- 
eeiilDn to one Jobannas, who bald the ite between the upde and the nephew. Ha «■• 
 maD af great pietj^ and oharity , aod peiforuied many tnjraclei. He attended the Coun- 
ml of Nicaea; after that event he tnvelled to Rome, paning through Ban on the way. 
He died at Myra on December «, b«twaen 3IE and 393. Hla body wu tranilatad tn Bad 
in Apnli* Id Uie year 1087. Ho ii generally (hown in art with three golden applea in hii 
hand. Theae refer either to three maidana whom he lared from a life of Bin, or to the 
bet that a( the Conmril of Nicaea be Bpheld the dogma of the equality of the lliree 
Pereona in the Trinity CSladlar, nriligmUxOio* i Beatitio, Butoria d*Ua vita, del 
miracoti, «e. dtl S. yicoli di Mira. 

' For a dmilar ■ooount of the freeoo of our Lady miraculoiuly moving ita poaition 
when the rope with which Judai had hanged himself waa ahawn to it. aee MuSel, p. 20. 
That thia rope wai aatoaJly preaerved at S. Peter'a eee tbe Killowing : ' Item in dett» 
chieta i1 eapreato oon ehe Oiada *'impicb6 aianda tradito Chriito (ipo)' (Rucellai, H 
GiMlto, Ae., Aral. SI. Fat., 1881, vol. it, p. GS?) ; and 'Abo, nigh onto the altar 
where the pope oonlecnteth tbe emperor, bangeth the oord oF Jndaa Imriot ' (Niehola, 
JTarwIa ef Rmw, p. 139, VaticM Cod. liGS, xiv cenV). 



136 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 






r fmage where it was amet and eke on a ma 
The? is a eton up on whech petir wept aftir tyiae he had dcDeyed 
AVe rede of biin }<at at enery tyme whun he remenibrid ]iia negacion eujr 
wold he wepe wheifo? was he fayn euyr to here a audary io hia boeuni. 
There ia a Bton akoo on whech ^e emperou? of rome schal receyue his crowne. 
The? ia )>e bB»>n in whech piJat wasolied hia haudia. On of yo ^irti platea 
for whech criat was aeld ia fere alsoo. At p6 qwe? dore is pat place whech 
fei clepe limipa apoatolormn where ar wretyji awech uera. Hie petre dlaiat 
3 aacrificana ihu xpo. Hec doiut 
>e sentens of )>eae uera. Here 



tribuebas fercula urbi Sepiu 

aquile aeu petri preaulis almi.' Thia 



' Tbia legend is not quite dfar, u tbere ii » sligbt cnnfuiion in the text Here toOmn, 
however, knuttier vergion; 'Item, tot B&uct peten muiuUrdoi* unaer tiiibea frawcD Mkne 
der iangfrow cin pild gemnlt Mnd eyn TemreiHelter ipiler Bflchet do der iimg&iiw tliArik 
and warir bis mit einem rtein do i>t ein w&nilerzeichen geacbehen dta do blAt out dem 
pild i« gefloawD und geapriitiel att ein ateiii kIb m&n du zeichen nucb iJcht nff dem atdii 
UEul ist ein ei«en getter daruber gemacht und an del sulben etat brtcli der te&lfel dem 
■piler dea Lull ab an<{ flirt yn faio miC leib ncd sele yn die ewigen belle ' {Ein SOelUin, 
Ac., Struaburg, IfiOO, p. cii *). Another Tenion of thii miraeulouB freMO in the potcb 
ofS. Feter'a in from Muffel (p. It)] u rollowi. The penon ia aaid therein to have bera 
 mercmuy, who hul loat three gulden nt play ; in hii anger he threw a stone at our 
Lady'a brea<t. The picture abed lixteen dropa of blood, etill to be aeen on the m^riil* 
BooF belov, and Ibe author adds : ' iat geaobeben do mftn lalt von Cri«t gepurt tauaent 
vierhondert ft il jar.' {A few yeara only before our author wrote hia aooount, mad only 
twelve yeara before MutTel'a work.) 

* Annelllnl (p. G62) ^vea  liniilar inscription as baving been aeen in the fourteenlk 
eentury at S. Prisoa, and Saya : ' Nel deciino quarto aecolo tuttora ai leggova nell' 
trave della porta di qnella ohieaa la aeguente iscriiioDe, cfae Pietro SabiQo, aatore di qi 
medeaimo (eoolo, vide inciaa litUru antigaii {Codei Marcio'i. lal, i. IfiS, p. 303) 
Haee domua eat aquilae aeu Priacae TirginJi altnae 

Quoa lupe t paule tuo ore vehia domino 
Hie petre divini tribaebaa fercula verbi 
Saepiua hoix» loeo aacrilicanf domino ' ; 
and addi: 'L'ej^gramma oome rianlta dallo atile e del medio eTO.' De Roan In Uml 
SyHoge of Petma Sabinoa givca tbia inaaiiption, aayiag : ' N* 16G. Supra lanuBia tempH 
8. priaee. In ATentino. Antiquia lilteria mannori loCiais. Haec domui eat Aqai- 
lae&e.'; adding the following note: ' Periit. Unua Sabinua epigrainina iDtegmm d»- 
teripdt. M&riniuB e achedia Terribllinii dedit mntiluin et corruptimi, adnotana: " fortaan 
qMCtare ad aeUtem Calliati UI qui aedem S. Priaeae initauravit (Mai, 1, c. p. 118, S), 
oeina eat epigmmma aequena K° 166. Sed Sabinua leetatiir carmen ini ' 
mori lilUrit aHliquU, aaeoiili, opinor, nonl vel decimi "' (v. 2, cf. Aratorem, rf< Aetibv* 
Apmt. II, V. 486 : 

' O Paole rapai d«dit hoc benediclio lacub 

Nonien habere tibi ; quid iam remanebit in orbe 

Quod Don ore trahna. poetquam aolertia Graia 

Ceaiit et invictaa in dogmatae vincis Athenaa!' 
(De Roaii, InKTiptionti Cirittiaiuu Urbii Soatae, vol. ii, p. US.) Whoever put ap th« 
Inwriptlon ID S. Pcter'a — mpying that of 8. Priaea. where the Apoatle is believed to hava 
prpaeh»d and baptized — would appear to have left oat the aecond line altogether, not 
nndentanding the enriooi ejuthet lupat na npplied to S. Paul. The eipraiaion acema 
to have aatoniahed Annetlini, 



littinl^^— 



oik 

I 

4 




YE SOLACE OF PIL0RIME8 

of goddia word }>ou jaae ful largely \)e mete Oftyti in |>is Hame place )>ou 
Dind sacrifiBe to ci iet, This IB ];e lioos of aquile or of J^e byetit biachop pelir. 



Off ]k Btacion of aeinl gneogoaus. cafi %U. 

The mouedaj in paesion week ia ]>e atacion ouyr tibyr at a cliercli dedicat 
to fiejn griBOgoiUM,' Tbere ia }?e aiine of James jw apostel whech waa 
jebedeuB eon. Of pie grisogonus we epoke auiiiwlixt lie fo? in \>e tide of 
beynt anastase. Tliere teld we who he counrortid hi? with bia noble epistelea 
be? wil we telle be what tribulucion he weut to beuene. Diocleciane mad 
bim to atand \>e fu? him fur lie had herd ao tnech of |iis man ]>at he wold baue 
expf riena of his wiedftm. Aftir many wordis had be twix facm too of criat 
and of p€ feitb diocleciane aaide. Take up on pe dignile of a tiieybir ye,t ib 
to sey ))at ail f)oo men )iat are areated in )>at ward where ]>ou dwelliat schul 
be midir ]>i iurisdieiou. Take up on f)e eke at ou? jifte J»ut worchip |»at }>ou 
Bcbal be priLcipal consul and goncrnou? of al pi kyniod. We deaire of |je 
no mor for al )>ese rewordes but pht pou wilt do worcbip and oflir to ou? 
goddia. GriaogonuB anawerd in (lis raauer. god in heueue with my mynde 
I wurcbtp and with clene dedis I some. These fula ymageB of jou? goddia 
whech ar not elks but coplires for deueles to dwell in, I deapice and forsake 
fur euyr. Diocleciane in grete angir coniaunded ^al be schuld be led to 
a place cleped ad aquaa gradntaa |:>at is to sey in engliacb to pe grecyd wateria 
and pert bis bed to be auet of. These greced watATys ar a pitte fast by 
seynt georgia ivbe? a fayre eprjng tomth aodtynly out of fie ground and 
Bodeynly eutretb a geyu in fo |?e ground and ]>c pitte ia ao dep f>at a mylle 
houB whech atant Iw netb ia not as hy as ^e erde. Othir aey pal peae nqne 
gradate we? ouyr tibyr but |7ei telle not where. Aftir bia bed wab amet of 
pe\ Jirew bb body in J)e flood but aftirward it was fouTide be an holy preat 
/ |Mi clepe him joilua. He lift up pe body and biried it pryuyly in his bous (. 4 
in a cubicle undir pe gromtd. His bed was fuunde aftir as fay? and fiesch 
as it was pe hour of bia dcth. pia bed he ioyned to pe body and enene xxk 



' The chaivh of H, t'Tiwgono it beliered U> ditts ^m the ConiUaUiiiui period. It la 
■ncutiuned In the liUi century ; Gregory III in 791 rMtorcd tbe luof, uid wloniBiI tli« 
wiJli kud the kpM wilb piclurea. (For Uie reocul i^uvatlnu* uid diieovary nf freaonHi 
in the aubternuiaftn obureh, at. Prof. Mitruochi'i |i*p«r on tbi* aubject in the Jaitmal of 
thf II. and A. A. Soeittf). Giovanni dm CVtMnm. Pajwl I'gkle to England under Hono- 
rliu II, wM titaUi ordinal in 112S ) he restored the chiircb, » aUo did Oardinkl Sdpiu 
Bot^hete in 1S23. Ste|>heD Langton, Archbiahoji of C«nterl>U[7, wia tjlular of S. Crito- 
gono, u tta* Cardinal OiaaccbiDo Peoci whan he wm electeil Pol-e, taicing the name uf 
Leo XUI (Annelh'ni, p. !l)2 ; HanKcbi, p. 463 ; Nibb;, p. IVO). 



138 YE SOLACE OF PILORTMES 

days aftii- grlBOgonua detli jsia Barae prest ^oilus as for a ap^fiiil reward 
receyued deth of hia bodi Bud eterne ]if of Inn souk." 



OfF ^e stocion at eeiut c 



cop xlii- 



day as 1 tuppose." 

uii ]'at lougyn to seyiit ii 



Tewisday is J» stacyon at a cherch of Beyut cyrjac fast by ])e battheg of 
diocleciane a litil cbapel it is aud ful desolat neuyr open in {le jer but (lat 
3et is ^is place a title of a coidinol whech is on of poo 
'i maior. This ciriacua was a dukiie with Beynt 
marcell pe pope* whom dioclecian with many o]nr cristen men dampned 
on to l^e deth und prolongiU hor lyf on J^is condiciou ]>fA ^ta Bchuld dig sond 
and bere it on her bakkys on to fiat aame place where hia butiiis we? in 
makyug. A mongia j^eae laboureres was an L-Id criaten man clcped saturnyn 
whecb myth not labou?. This same ciriac of grcte charite halp ]>e elit man 
Rnd bare ]?« birdenea of ^at man and hia owne eke. Aud pie lahoui' performed 
he with gret ioye syng'ing deuoute yrapnys and holy paabnos awech as ]Je 
cbcrcli used at jjoo dajes. The meyhir of rome whech was at (lat tyma aent 
a knyt cleped approuyaii to arest )>e6c men and bryng hem to his consiatoi;. 
Whan he had a i-ested hem and schuld lede hem forth he lierd a loude uoyi 
in pe eyr crying awech wurdis. Come je blessed men of my fade? and receyue 
])ftt kyngdam whech was be hote jou fro Jw begynnyMg of )» world. For p'n 
cry was [lis same approuiaue conuertedflu to j^e feith baptized & not long artir 

' The life or S. Chryiogoiiafl, as generally accepted, differa entirety from that giTen by 
otir chronioler. He U genenJly awociateii with 8. Zoilim, and they were martyred b 
Aquileia in North lUly, during Ihe perteoution of Diocletian. Ths Mart, Rim, (in 
which only S. Clir^iogonui U mentioned) nya that after a long im]iri<oninent in Rome ha 
WW taiien to Aquileia, beheaded there, and bi« body ca«t into the tea. The fiihen ban 
fail body to land, ao that it conld reoelvB Chriitian burial. Eii head is prsHrved in th» 
church dedjaat«d to him In Rome; hii body, howeTer, ia at Venioe. There ii no mentiQn 
of S. Aoaataaia or of ths aqaa< grrulalaf in Stadier. Another >athonty plaoea tbem near 
Aqnileia, probably on the rotultoGrado {Stiiisfnlej:Hion ; Sertoli, AiUehUii ili AqiilHa, 



PP- 



'-U\ 



' 8. Zoiliu waa a priest tn Aijaileia, who boried Sl ChryMgonns in lii« own haii», after 
the martynloiu otthe saint. It isitatad that when be laid the decajiitated head with the 
trunk, they were iiiiracalously joined t<^ther again. He siiSerud in Aquileia, and hii 
relics are still veneralad there (SUdler, SfilU/mleiikon). 

 The site o! S. Ciriaeo wan discoTered in 1B74, in some excavations which were carried 
oat between the Uiniatry of Finance and the Female Orphaa Asyluni of the Termini. 
It imtiiiist«d ronnerly of a cliurch and a monaatory. date* from the time of S. MarcellDS, 
waa reitored nnder Hadrinn I, Leo II, and Gregnry IV, but was for some unknown reaaon 
abandoned and fell to ruin in the uiteenth oentury. Lonigi says that the eharcli bad 
fallen in bis time. 'Giace bora quasi distrattn dentro la vigna dei padri di S. Maria 
dsgli Angeli ' (AdinulH, ii, 361 ; Armellini. p. IS9). ' H. Zu unser lieben frowen Invio- 
lata dye hirch beist onob lun Sant Ciriaeo' {Bin BitcllUa. tc, Stnssbiicg, IftOO, p. E vi, 
B.M.) ; and on p. F ii ws Snd : ' ZO sant ciriaeo lygt by dem pallaet den man nennat 
Tbermee die klrch ist aergangen.' 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



131 



ded for [je confestiou of ou? lord prist. In Jjoq same dayes pe doutyr of 
diucleciane archemU wns vexid with a wikkid Bpirit wliecli spirit cried with 
inne hi? horribily. But if cyryac come hedyr ellis wl! I not go oute. 
Cirinc was sent aftir and wbao he was come be comauitded ))e deaelu be ^ 
uertu of ^e paseioun of oui' lord ihfi jiat he echuld uoide )>at pluot.' aud selte 
a new hostage. The deaele answcrd kiin ageyn and saide. If |>ou put me 
oute of p\s body aesygue a new place whe? I scIulI dwelle. Ciriac eaide on to 
liim. Lo lie? is my body euter |jerin if ]jou may. The deuel eaid a gayn. 
Tbi body is so crouchid ' and so blessid Jint pere may I not corae. Dut of 
fjiug 1 wame |je. If fvia putte me oute fro Tpia mayde here, I ecbal cause 
]>o to seke me at babilcn. Tho be comaunded him to uoide and he a uoided 
so was pe mayde hool and oftlr baptized in pe name of crist. But whau )>ia 
ciriac wened to a dwelled pesibily in his bous iu con tempi ac ion as he desired 
Bodeyidy came a message? ho/pe kyng of perse on to diocleciane praying r. lOSr 
him to send him cyriac whech cured his douter for as he wrote his wellwloued 
doulir ckped iobiane was obceasid with a deuete whech deuele cried with inne 
lii? (>at he wold neuyr uoid but if J>i3 ciriac came. Than at Jw prayer of 
diocleciane cyriac was sette in a schip and suited in to perse and so foitb 
caried to babylone. Whan pe niayde was brout on his prreens pe deuelo 
with inne hi? cried loude. I baue mad pe wery i-iriac. And [liH holy man 
answerd. I am not wery but eu«r rcdi to obeye pe gouernauns of god. 5^^ 
quod pe deuel baue I brout pe where I desiied Jiiou scbuld be. Ciriac aaids 
on to him. Mi lord ihu crist comaundeth pt ))at paa leuo ['is niaide. The 
deuele cried. O dredful name J:>nt {jus constreyneth me to goo. And with 
]iet word be went oat and left pe mayden bool. Tho ciriac baptiiwd pe kyng 
and pe qwen and be? duutir with many mo. He refused pe ^iftie pat pe kyng 
profered him and «am bom a geyn to roroe. Soue aftir hia comj-ng deyid 
pia dioclecian, maximiaii bis son was emp«rour aftir him whech killid his 
watir archemie be was ' scha was cristen. Tho called he ciriac 8: mad for to 
be drawe naked bounde with clicnes ii grete weye ri(h be fo? bis chare. Tho 
he hing him with liis feluwia largus and smaragdus and pored boot pik on be? 
kcdis. Last of alle he comaunded hem to be hedid.' 

' crutched, from crux. Hence thu term Cnitchsd Prim*. ' tuaM. 

' B. Cyri»cm Ii *uA lo have mffered nuuiyniom in Itoiue aboot the year 303, la Uie 
paTMOution orDiocIotian, IngMher withSS. Luigui. SmBntg<Iiii,aiid twenljoUierChrbtianli. 
Be worked mKDy mirsolel ; aa nlaLed by our chmniolFr, he ii uid to tiave delJTared 
Arthemia (Artemlk), the daagbter nf Diocletian, n( no evil ipiril. He wm tbea aeDt (o 
Bapor, King of PenU, whow daughter Jobk wu ilinilmrly afflicted. The renilt nf the 
■niraale in deliveriDg the latter ii uid tu have been that the liini; vh l>*|itbeil with 
4S0 otben, and that when S. Cyriaoiu relarned to Rome he wh barbarauiljr turlured 
and matiyrvd b; nnler uf Majdmiaa. All thii, however, !■ diiputed, uul the Bullandieti 
point out that the nauie of the daughter of Dinotetian wa* Valeria and not Arthaniia. 
t2 




YE SOLACE OF I'lLGRIMES 



or |>e fltaclon ot aeynt n 



:i;lt. 



cap 



xliii. 



Wetlnysdtiy folowing b 'pe BfAcion at a cherch of aeirit marcclt fust by ]>e 
coliinipne where {'at same mnrceH lith and J:ie hedee of cosmns aad daraianu.'i.' 
There lich eke \>e noble eropei'oui' focas {lat gaf leue to bonefna fie pope * ))at 
fiegrelo temple of fnlsgoddia adiuld be coDBCcrat to all eeyntis.^ This cherch 
etant by a grcte memorial of rome whech is cleped columpua. Columpna is 
as mecb to aey as a pile? for in J>i8 pile? wliecb ia e, gret by |jing aiid round 
mad of dyuers atones was grauyn and yt it appcrith niech |>erof aH fie stories 
of |)e batftil of troye. Tbia pile? is of awech fume ]Kre [jat on of \ie grete 
kyiirodis of rome bnue her name fjerof and comounlyon of }» canlinalea is of 
)>ta kynrod be jiat is now den of \>e cardinalis hitb prosper de colnmpuia. 
And pope martyn eke was of pie kynrod. Eke a n6p\r worth! man of ordir 
of bei-mytea of sejnt auBtiJi a uotabil clerk as skole men know wel I now 
wbecb pei clepid egidiue he waa of (lia kynrod,' But of ))is marceH wil we 
telle sum what be cause (lia cherch is dedicat to hia name. This marcellus 
was pope of rome in time of maxencius and for be cauee be halowid a cbercb 

BkToniui ftlio in liU Aii»ali uyi that there wiu do Sapor, King of Pcni*, dnriag tb« 
reigD of Piocletiiin. It is geDBmllj accepted that S. Cyriacus (ufTereil martjrrtlom under 
Maximiin (2H6-305 nuJ 303-10), and that he waa a deacon under S. Marcellus (308-9), 
BO bii and hia oompanlutu' niartyrdom probably oodured about 309, and not in 
303. Tbpy were buried on the Via Salaria near the ganlena of 8>llu«t, and afterwards 
were remoied to a cemetery on the Via Oatieiuii (Stadier, Heili^nUirikoH ; Acta 
Sanetortm, August, vol. ii, p. 327)- 

' The title of S. Marccllo is veiy ancient, aa It was founded in the fifth century. II 
waa enriched by I*o III, Hadrian I, and Gregory IV ; luid the body of S. Harcellui, 
which waa tnmelated there in the ninth century, was found there in the rettoratiao of 
1869. i'p to 1S19 the oricnlatioa of the church waa in the opposita direction to tb« 
preient line; the alteratiDn waa made in that year by Sansoviau (Adinolfi, ii, p. 377 i 
Annelliiu, p. 334 ; Maruoi;hi, p. 391 ; Nibby, p. 316). 

»  Oooh is hie dat heufft v«n nijut Foco das keysers ' (Hitter A. von Harff, POgtr/ahrt 
in (fen JaArfii U96-9, p. 27 (Coin, 1860). There are sereral wintfl named Phucu, 
who, of course, bave no oonneiion with the emperor of that name. The relic hers 
mentioned ii either that of S. Phocas the gardener-Mint of Sinope (not to bo ooofused 
with 8. Phocas, Bishop of Sinope), or of S. Phocas who was martyred at Antiooh. Then 
wa* formerly a churoh dedicated to the former nst tu bom the Tre Fontane, but it has 
diiappMred (Stadler, Heilignlexikon). 

' As regards the members of the Colouiu family mentioned in the chroniale, Iho 
following Dotea may be uf interesL At the election of Nicholas V, Pcoepero Colonna 
wsa beaten by only one TOte, accusing to a letter from Fra Cruetles, Prior of the Catalan 
Monastery of S. Lonins del Mont (Mtftanijet orcVo/. vol, iiiii, p. 4 IB). Prospero Colonna 
waa made Cardinal of S. George in 1426, and died in 1163. OJdo Colunaa ww electa! 
Pope Si Martin V in 1417, and died in 1431. Egidio Cotunua was a well-known writer 
in hia day. Cf. Inlorno lut una tncielopedia seonosnafn di Egdlio Colimna *d nl 
flagio fiMmt daW ingtrtt BartoUmto Olanville. Rendiconti delU R. Aix. dai Lineu, 
■erie iv. GasN di sc. morali, 1. 2. IS Genn. 18S6. Cud. Q. 5, Bibl. AngeUcft ; HJIe, A. 
Bftu nMMiusrfeniaifjcte ObtrntltiMg dtt Tratiatut dt Rrgimint Prineipnm von Egidiu* 
Bonuwof (ZtUtekiifl/ar 4k g^MtmU Slualnfimiuelu^, Ivil. 3, inoi). 



YE SOLACE OF PlLGIilMES 



ilweiling place of a blesBid wonmn clvpid 
aria in uin Inta )>at ie to sey semt mari 

]nt he had turned r. lOS v 



in worchip of ouf lady whech w 
lucyna wbecb chercli is called bi 
in pe brood etre/te and for ['at cnuse f« forseid 
fiia womannea hous to a uherch he ded make of |:>at cherch a comoun etabil 
and condwnpued ^ same pope for to seme btstes [jer* al his lyiie. In (jIs 
same plnce he deyid and was biried in pe cimiterie clepjd priBcille .' This 
pope niHrcelle ordeyned xu cardinaleB in rome only to bnpUze men and to 
birie hem. So Bemeth H Jwt cardinules at J)at tyme were not of swech 
dignyte as pet be now for pc\ were |?ann ordeyned aa for cumtea for ^ie same 
pope • wnB be fore silueater and on to |)at tyme }7at siluestcr cam pe oflSceres 
of pQ cherch were not endewid in Bwecli dignite na jwi be now. And be 
cause fat [lia man was pe first (ifit oideyned cardiuiiles and before (lia man 
we rede not of (>ia name jjerfor if ]k rederea wll conaent 1 wil dechire here 
J)c Doumbir of J^e cardinalea ]>e dignite l>e office and eke pe titles. AI |>is 
wll 1 drawe onte of martynea cronicle euene bo ordre as he aeith. Thus 
writith lie |Jat euene as ouf lord in heuene hath iii 
ordeyned to bis ttnxyee bo j^e pope whech ta cristia 
ierarcbiea of cardinalis ordeyned to hia miniati'ai.'ion. 
of cardinal bischopis. The eecunde of cardinal prestis. The )7ird of cardinal 
deknea. Cardinal biEchoppis are pere uii cnrdinal prftlis xxQiii cardiJjal 
deknes xui. The uii cardinal bischoppis af pe&e. The bischop of hostie 
whech is worthiest of all for bo hia liaudia |>e pope neUiy chosin leceyuyth 
his consecracion. The bischop portnense is pe secuud. The bischop 
albanenstj pa Jiird. The bischop wibinensw is ]» foart. The bjachop pranea- 
tiiie pe u. The bischop aCe ruffine ia pe ui. The bischop tu scalane pe uii. | 
These uii be pe popes* uikeria for to aerue him at pe auter in pe cherch 
cleped lal^ranenaw on aundaya and on grete festia. f . Cardinal pre alia be 
}>ere xxuiii distincte on to o[)ir iiii cherchea to euery cherch uii. | These be 
pe uii intitled to pc cherch of seynt petir. The cardinal of seynl mary 
ti'tinatiberini. The cardinal of seynt ^risai;onu« in j^e same place. The 
The I 



The 



es of aungellis 
1 erde bath iii 

irst ierarchie ia 



cardinal of acyn ( 



e tranatihei 
5 309 (or 






' S. Marwllm wm Pope from SDH to SOB (or 310, uid luocMdeit S. MiirceUiDiU. 
Owing to the liiriUrity uf the fumen [bero u eoiuo confuiion in regsrd tn thwe two pope) 
aod the d»t«a ooDceming Ihem. Aocnrdiog U> Iha Libfr Ponlifieali; (be Holji Sco wn* 
■bout thii time taunt for seven Jotn ; according to otlier authoritiea. from three In (hm 
and n half j<«n. U. Marcelliu wa* a Roman by birth, the wn uf Beiieilictun, and Dfed in 
tlie Via Lata. HefuundwilbeCabKwiDbaaf PiiKliUonthu Via Snlaria. and cmtnl twenty 
fin new liluU or Chriitiati parieh cbarche*. He becania a Chriatian about the time of ths 
BtDprron Galeriiu, Maiimian, and Conalantina Chlorus. He wu tavagely 6ngged and 
•ipelled from the oily. Tliii ia prored by bl* epiLapb. Ha appears tu haTe retttrnsd 
shortly afterwardi, and tu have been condemned to Ubour in the public irtable*, wber* 
be died. He was buried in (he eamatery of Prisoilla (Htadlcr, Ileilii/nittxUnm ; Acta 
8nn«lorum, Jannary, vol. ii. p. S i DQch«ino> Lttirr PoHltfl^tu, vol. i, p. Itl). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



BnaBtae«. The caixlinal of eeyiit ]a< 



The caidiual of eeyiit maityji 



1 JamfLBco . Tlie cardinal of Beyni 
immtibua, I Tlieee be {>e uii )wt 
Berue to eeju paulea clierch. The cardiuaJe of ee'tnt sabirie. Tbe csirdiiiftl 
of seynt prisce. Tlie cnrtlinal of Beint balbjne. Tlio cardiual of jjoo seyiitU 
nerei & achillei. Tbe cardinal of eciitt elxte. The cardinal of aeint marcelle. 
^int auBanne, | These be pe uii cat-dinal pr«gtes ]iat eeruA 
The cardinal of mint praxfd. Tbe cardinal cf seiitt petir 
cardinal of sejiit 
oruces at Jerlni. The cardinal of eeint steuene in celio monte. The cardinal 
dinal of quatuor coronatorHm. | Tbe»: be ))a 
The cardinal of pe ebei'ch 
)t clriac i n |x- batb ls. The 



The cardinal of 
at seint la arena. 
&d aincula. Tbe cardinal of aeini h 

of jn 
f. 401 r uii cardinal ^at serue itt Eeint/man luaio 
dedicat to pe »ii apostlcn. Tbe cai dinal of 



The canliuol of 

The cardinal of feint 



cardinal of seint euatrby. The cardiual of seyut pot< 

seiiit nitale. Tbe cai'diual of marcellini and petii. 

clement. | TiieBe be ]<e cardinal deknes ordeyued to j)e miniHteri of oil? fader 

pe pope " ill nountbir ]>cre be xui. The cardinal of pa cberth of ou? lady 

called in dowiiiica or cIHh in nauieeUiB he is |ie first and arcbdekiie of bia 

felawiB. The cai-dinale of aeynt lucie wiieoh staiit iu f>e gret paleis fast bi 

septiBolium. The cardinal of seyut mari nouc. The cardinal of cosme and 



The cardinal of Bcynt adriaue. 
The cardiual of feint mary by ^e grek skole 
porticu, The cardinal of seyut nicholaa iu 



he cardinal of scynt george. 
The cardinal of seint inari in 
'ce«. The 



iirdinal of eeynt 

aungel. Tbe cardinal of acyn euatns. The cardinal of seynt mari in aquario. 
The cardinal of seint mari in uialata. Tbe cardinal of seint agas. The 
cardinal of seint lucie whecb is cleped in caput subnrre. The cardinal of 
seint qwirit. 



Off pt staciou at h appollinat'. xliiii. 

Thorsday m passion weke is pa staciou at a cberch cleped seint appollina?. * 
This same was disciple on to seynt petir and whan bis mayBtir had lemed 
him J» lawe of god he sent him to rauenne to pr«che pert ]>e criBten feith. 
AVfaan be was come to rauenno be boUd a grete lordis wif of greuous seknerae 
and aft ir baptised both hirand hir busbond. The iuge of (le cite hering |?ig 
sent aftir him and compelled him to offir to ^e goddia but he wold not 
consent for be saide on to pe iuge (lat it had be raecli beltir ptil gold and (j&t 
fliluyr whecb bing be fore pe goddis to spend it in clothis in mete and in 

< Tha church of 8. Apollioue nu cnnBtriicted nur the SUdinm ot Sevenii, >nd 
ii kaowD to hare aiiBled under nMlrisin I. It vu called de ArMpreibjittrolii, Ths 
pTwcnl church U an entire rcconitruclion of Benedict XIV (Arniellini, ]). ISO; 
HwDoda, p. SOI i Nibby, p. 106). 



YE SOLACE OF PILOHnrES 



143 



dtyrik for BUstennuNs of pore men. Tlio conmunded Jw luge to liia mini'stria 
^t for ]>\a bluplierae a ge;n he? goddU ))t:i Echiild bete him with bnttis as 
long as |jei fourale in him ony lif. So half ded half ou Ij-ue pel left him his 
disciples cam fan aiid caried bim to a womanueB hous )j' was ciisten p^' 
with inne u! raonthes he was mad hool. Than wcxt he to a cite jjei clepe 
classeneM wher he cured a nolile man whetli myth not speke and o joug 
mayden be delyiiered fro a wikkid spirit whech was with inne hir. For Jjese 
mj-TRcles Jwre we? tuined on to l^e feith of ou? lord crist mo J-an o hundred 
men wberfor }je payiiemca bete him with grtte baltis forbedyng him )»t he 
schuld not reherae ]>e imme of ihii. He for febilnesBe lying ou J>e erde 
vehersid euyr }>e more ]n> blessed name ihu. Tbo mad )>ei him to go with 
bare feet up on hrenunnd coles where he precliid with grete constauns \>e 
name and }7e uertu of ou? lord ibu. Than Iianched pel him ]s&t cite. In pat 
tyme pe duke / of rauenne had a doutyr greuously seek he sent for apollinare t. 404 t 
f>ftt he schuld cure his doutyr and at pe first eiitre of fie seynt pe doutir was 
ded. Ttian saide pe duk. I wold pen had neuyr eutrod my» hous for at 
j>i comyMg pe grete poddis ar wroth with me ]>erfor is my doutyr ded. 
Appollina? answerd on to pe duk. Drede po not bat o finj^ graunt me pttt 
if jji doutyr lyue jiou schalt not let hi? to seme him }iat raad hir. Aftir pa 
faderis graimt pe mayde rooa up heyl and sound with outen ony maledye. 
The empcrou? of ixime herd of f>e«e meruelous werkis whecU were wrout be 
appollina? comaunded bis ofiGceres {lat |)ei schuld compelle him to do sacrifise 
on to here goddia or ellle Jiei achuld hanjcU him pe cnutre. Aftir many 
pnssiones and tribulacioues )?is holi man was couTicelled of crislen men for 
reformncioun of his helth to dwelle for a tyme a mongt* myseUea' whe? he 
was Bspied and neuly so betyn pai with iune oii dayes be sent hii scale to 
his make?.* 

* The niemBing of this word i* obsoure. One powble derivBtion ii rmm miirUi, poor, 
mltsnblefulk.&omwhichaiu-wonlnK'iu/yootneiiCheHmp worcl M^MlfHaoauriiaC^igreie'* 
Li/> of S. Gtlierl of StrnpriHgliam, E. E. Teit Societj, No. 140 of lUIO, ch. U. p. 67, 
1. 31 ; the meuung given JD tba glumry of that work » 'lepeii'. (Id the Middle Agta 
Ihie term ' meuly'wu tjnonymaug wilh lepen.l The diffioult; vUea ; Wimld hit frieiuli 
have aunn^eUed bim to dwell for a term irith people of thii deecriplian, ' for refornuMiaa 
of bin heklth ' T There !■ > Fraach wont rnutl, wh'ch tueaiu one who muM*, n oontein- 
pUtJve pencil, which term would readil; applj to hermita. Ag^n, 8. ApollJnkrit !• 
beliered tu have liwted Burguodj Bt eoma time or other, and therefore nuty have Uyed 
al Muuy-l'fiTfcjuein that prori ate. After be left CUui«, however, be went to Dalmalja, 
and Ibence returned to dauie only to lie martyred there. The word Moalim or Mtunilmen 
b out of the question, ae it U Dot found ao early ; in last, our chmnider always oiee the 
word ' 8ar«iiea ', or Saracen*. One poeiible riplaoa^onii suggeited in the following note. 

* S. ApolUnaria wai the Gnt Bishop of EtaTenna, where he wai Mint by H. Peter 
to preach the Go^>el. Ae be came from Antioeh to Rome with the A|KMtle in Ibe reign 
of the Emperor Claudiua be ii bcliered by «ome to be by birth a citiwi of Antioeb, and 
to have been one of tbe diiciptei. The Bollandiita fix the date of hit udMon to KaTsnna 



^ 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Off ]ie BtncioD at seint etcueue id celio monte. cap xlu. 

Friday in paBsion weke is pt stacion at a, cherch of eeynt eteuene whech^ 
stant in a liiH fei clepe there mona celiua .' This LiH waa fumous be fore I 
crist for a grcte conqwcrour cleped tulliu^t Lo^tilias dwelt ]>tif and a fomonse I 
poete aleoo hud his dwelling pert. On ph bill Bted a temple consecrat to Bwecli j 
guddie aa ]m: poetcs clepe fkunea. But aej-nt ierom and ojiir cristeu clerki* | 
writin pat ptre be certeyn Bpiritia whetb apperen sumtyme in forme of men f 
Buinlyme in o]>ii' forme and mad c«rt^yn toknes be wbecb toknea men knew 1 
J^ingiB put Bchuld falle aftirward. And pel p&t appered Jjub and spoke not ( 
were cleped fnunea. 0})ir wet pert and apokeii half huiB balf men aa a niaD 
may rede he pt auctorite of teyut ieroni in }je lif of aeynt nntonie wbe? he 
aeith pat on of bem was taken iti conetuulineB lyme and brout qwik to greta J 
aliBiiiindr where al po puple aey him. Tho deyed be and was Baited and ] 
raried on to antioclie )>at po emprrou? myth ee him. But now to purpoB. 
Thia temple sumlyme dedicat to peee faunes is now conBecrat ia worchip of \ 
Eeynt steuciic and [^is waa pe cause aB I suppose for he had be fore no apecial 
place in fome dedicate to bim teiper mu? I baue red in suniina cronicles J)at 
aeynt aehaatinn distroyed pe fals maumentea jiat stood in )>at temple and 
aftir fie grete persecucion of diocleciaue & mnxinilane whan jiei we? ded J 
cristen men balowid J)is temple to seynt steueue. This same seint ie wor]» j 

u occarring in the yeiu' a.i>, 46. S. Pster ChrcMoIoguii ^Chryiuitom), Binhop of BaTanna, 
Mjs {Serm. 12S) that S. Apollmmiii had on Hvoni uccBsioDi shed bli Ulood lor the Uthj 
•od had iletired noChing m iiiucb u to die for it, but that our Lord had kept bim long J 
in the KTTice of the Church, and had not permitted him to be condemned to de*th b; bi* j 
penecatort. From this aia.ay gay that he never auflei'cd martyrdom, but the Mart. Som. i 
calla hini martyr, And fliei the date of liin death aa July 23, A,D. lA, in the reiifn of ] 
the Emjieiur Veapa^aD. (i. A]>olliiuria preached in many Innds: in Lombardy. in Maeii», 
in Thrace, and on the Danube. HU trareU in Moenia inay poesibly have given n«e to th« 
word ' myiellee' (lee preceding note) (Stadler, Ueitigatltxiho* ; Acta Saiieluram, Jul;, 
vul. v,p. 33B). 

 S. Stephen to Crtio MoHlf ii the ohurah on the Caeliau now known u S. Stephen 
the Round. But Uie latter name (up to the twelfth century) was giien to the unall 
round church (Temple of Veita) near the churah of S. Maria in Coonedin i 
of the Tiber, which waa 6nt dedicated to S. Stephen, and afterwarda to S. Matia del ' 
Sole. The oodei of Turin, that of Cameraiiua, as well aa that of tjignorili, all agree a 
thia point; when the chareh wa< visited by Alexander VII, we read: ' eoelem 
S. Stepbani rolundi aupia flumeu.' But afler tho name waa changed, the term rviundii* 
waa applied to the church on the Caelian. The dale of the conatcuction of the latter la I 
the subject of aome coutroieny. It is aaid to liava been built by Pope Simplidaa ir 
fifth century. Armellini doei not agree with tbuae who believe the building b 
otiginally pagan, but i« of opinion that it la a Christian work, both in plan and 
•truction. He quotea Uuebaeh, Die attcArillUekm KirrhtH. pp. 33-7, in faToiir of 
Tiew, to whieh De Boeii in La BatOica di 8. Stefano rolomlo, Ratoa, ISSfl, alM> adh 
Maracchi, on tha other band, la inclined to think that It was part of tl 
Manama (AdinolS, I, p. 338 ; Armellini, p. 681 ; Marucchl, p. 319 ; Nibby, p. 727). 



YE SOLACE OF HLGRIMES 145 

fill mech wcrcliip for he was \>e firat martir ]>B,i deyed for criBt he cam at it 
semeth of a ful good stok for he \>&i fond ]>e crosse at coartacion of seynt 
helyn was bro|?ir to seynt steuene . First hith he iudas and whan he was 
conuertf d by \>o grete / miracles do be ]?e crosse seynt helyn mad him to be f. 405 r 
cristen, and cleped his name qwiriak.^ We fynde eke in elde annuales yat 
he was aftir )>at chosen bischop of ierlin. We rede eke of seint steuene \>&t 
his hed is at cane. For at ]>e last sege of ierlm a monk cleped odo a nor- 
maunt of birth cam fro ierlm to rome & what for lettms of lordis J^at he 
brout what for grete ]>ingi8 }>at he ded he gat seynt steuenes hed and brout 
it on to cane. This was do ]>e ^ere of ou? lord as ou? cronicles sey a 
ml Ixxxxui. 



Off ]>e stacion at s ion portlatin. cap. zlui. 

Sutirday of palme Sunday \>e uigil is ]>e stacion at a cherch dedicate to 
seint ion euangelist we clepe \>e fest jon portlatin, for pere is a gate in rome 
cleped porta latina and fast by ]>ib gate on ]>e rith hand is a litil chapel 
where ]>B,t )>is ion euangelist was put in a tonne of brennyng oyle.' Whi 
})is gate is cleped porta latina for ])nt strete goth to a lond whech is cleped 
]>e latyn lond for ]:ere be gan ]>e latyn tonge. On ]>e o]?ir side of ]>e strete is 
sette a fai? cherch in worchip of J^is same seynt but it is but seldom open for 
pere be no dwelleres \>erou. In ]>ia chapel is an auter and undir }>e autere 
a hole whe? men crepe Iporw for grete cause as summe sey \>ere for as oftyn 
as a man goth ]>orw so often he delyueryth sum soule fro purgatory. In p^ 
same place suffered jon pe euangelist his martirdam. He prochid first in 
asie and \>ere be cause he wold not cese of pr«ching )>e gouemou? undir ]>e 
emperou? domiciane put him in piison and sent a lettyr on to ]>e emp^rou? 
whech dwelt J^an at rome in whech lettir he informed him )>at he had on of 

' There ii aoiDe confusion about S. Judas Quiriacui (Cyriacai)i Bishop of JeroBalem. 
He wai probably not the S. Cyriacus converted by S. Helena, and said to have been 
martyred by Julian the Apoetate ; it is known that there was no bis)u>p of that name in 
Jerusalem in Julian's time. Some authors therefore make him Biahop of Ancona, where 
be is now the |)atron saint of the city. But there was a Bishop Judas— who was killed 
in a rising of the Jews about the year 183 — under the Emperor Hadrian. He )>ossibly 
assumed the name Quiriaous, on account of the detestation in which his own name was 
held by Christiana. He is mentioned by Theodorioos Pauli as having suffered martyrdom 
in Hadrian*! reign (Stadlar, ffeiligenlerikon', Acta Sanctorum, May. vol. i, p. 439). 

' S. Giovanni a Porta Latina is a very ancient church, founded by Pope Gelasius I in 
the fifth century, rebuilt by Hadrian I in 772| and again restored in the twelfth and 
sixteenth centuries. According to Greedmbeni {Storia di 8. Giovanni a porta Latina, 
p. 208 sq.), Leo II attached it to S. John Lateran. From Lucius II to Boni&ce VIII 
it belonged to the Benedictines ; it was then transferred to the Trinitarians, and now 
belongs to French Franciscans (Armellini, p. 272 ; Marucchi, p. 170 ; Duchesne, Liber 
Pontificalitt p. 508; Nibby, p. 269). 

U 



YE SOLACE OF PILGSDIES 




IwgKtohi 

For fint )>ei dmI «! )w be? of bia bed la be adwse Ueh  fool \>»n pat }>« 
bim in k tmtoe of bruM fa) <rf boiluig oyk wb^ ba Aaped be grete minde 
for be went bo \»t tonoCDtrie u hitllf awtb » noTiited and ootbart. Tbis 
miracle meaed so t>e etaperoai |»t be wobl not afe bim bat exiled bini In to 
paUifflOB. The romanea u we fjnde write were not wrotb for )Mt pe tjioBtola 
prechid of crist sod of hu grete werkia (br y^ refused do god bnt receyued 
t3i goddia of aH nAcioa«a of alle aectis on to worchip. Bat ^ia wu cause of 
be? rebellion a geyo criat for ]>ei bad mad a lawe [tst do mao eobold be 
recejued aa for a god but if it were first appr^bat a moagit ^ aenatoariv, 
' And be canae pt apoetules piwhid of cri&tisdeite er tyme {xit be / waa appro- 
bet for a god a roongi* hem [>ia was cause of her indignacion. A no})ir 
caose was ^re for f^ei saide ' waa a pronJ god for be wold be god a loDe and i 
recejae oou o^ir od to felaacblp of bis deite. But now to oiu' Grat pnqxM. I 
The modir of jon ^ eoangeliate aalome whech waa oq of f>oo women }«t I 
folowid criat in bis precbing herd sey }nt bir aoo ion waa in priaon at rom« I 
cam to rome for to se bim aod countorte bim. But er Bcbe cam ion was 1 
exiled and sent fbrtb to patbmos. Tho went ache iu to campanie a cuntra i 
of ilayle }w? deyed ache and waa biried faat by a cite Jiei ctepe nemlane.* 
Aitir fur grete miraclea jiat scbe ded and eke for appenng of james hir son 
wbecb saide to a holy man in renelacion 'pat it was goddia wi] bia modir j 
•cbuld ly in mo? eolempoe place scbe was lift op and translate to }« oite.' 



Off pe atacion at lal^ranenais. cap xluii. 
On palme Bonday u ))e slacion at seynt Ion lat«raiienati of wbech cberch ii 
Bcid mech )Hng be fore and fewe memoriales left to rebers he?. This mecb 
we aey )>at it is \>e use of criaten men to be gadered at ber modir cbercb ^t 
day and be f*? in ]jat solempae prooeasion wbecb crist esaumpled him selae 
And be cauae )»t Jna chercb is ]>e eldest eherch of ^e world fierfor is it e<m- i 
nenient Jjat })ia aolempue processioo Bchuld be at pe eldest oherch. This pro- j 
ceaaiou waa first begunne be oare lord and continued be pe ai>o»tolea on to )>e | 

> ' he' or 'ohrut' omicUd herein MS. ' VeroU. 

* Nothing ii known of 8. Salome, mother of 3. Jalm EvuigelUt and S, Jamsi. exMpI I 
that she wu one of tbe {rioaa Galiteui wouien who purchased spiaet tor our Lord'* body, f 
and HIM an «yewitneu of Hia crucifixion and rvinrrectian. It la believed Chat il 
at JerOMleai (StadJer, BliligtiiUinkon ; Ada SaMiomm, October, toI. fi, p. 4S5). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRLMES 147 

tjme ))at [>ei de^od and so forth be EucceeKion of o]nr faderee |>!8 gooil usage 
IB come to ns. For seint aiibtin jeuith ua Btrecli a rculc in his book de mori- 
but eeclfne ]>at alio (>oo good usngee whech nr worchip to god aud eocrees' 
whau wo can not se bcQi groundid in scripture we Echul suppose )»it crist 
taut hem his apoBtolee and pel laufe liem oj^ir faderaa and so is (le good 
cnst^me come down to us. 1 eey not J^Is for cause pat pia procession is not 
in scriptup for I wote weel pe gospeH telletli faU pleyn who crt'gt cam to 
Jerusalem and who pe pnple with grete worcliip receyiied hiTn. But I sey 
(lis ^nt we fynde not in scriptu? ^at pe apostoles kept }iiB proceaeion aftir po 
deth of crist in places wliere J>et shod (lat tyme of pe jeio and jet is it ful 
likly jKLt t>ei ded so. 1 may be leue eke )»it be caui-e seyut gregory sette 
pe B^niyBe of pe cberch in order peX J^is etime day at fiia same cberch he 
sang peBt newe songis and eaid t'ese uoble orisoties now nsed in pe chercli 
and BO ordeyned J^at pe stflcion schuhl jcrly be kept. We rede of o certeyn 
addicion to ^ia aeruyse mad be a noble ihbh calkd theodulphus bischop of 
orgliauna }>at he mad Jiese uers 01i>n» kus & honor &cr.' The cronicle 
tellith of bim ]iat he was accused falsly on to j7eeniperou?lodewyk of certeyn 
defautes and pe emp^rour io giele ire comaunded him to piison at angoyo. 
Happed of palme Sunday pe cmpc^uur to be pre/sent in pat' and in pro- f. 409 r 
cession to go forliy Jiat same hous in whech }>is biscliop was in prison. Tho 
])iB biechop loked out at a wyuduwu and asked silens and peee uers whedi 
he had mad be foi'e lie saiig with so giete melodye )^t pa emperouT' meiiyd 
of pite coinaundcd bint to be delynfred fio prison and rebtored to liie dignite. 



Off pt stacion at seirtt praiede. cap icluiii. 

The tnoncduy aftir palme annday is pe stacion at seynt praxedis a fat? 
cherrh it is and a place of munkia annexid ^ortoo.* This seynt pra»ede 

'  of good ' in margin of MS, 

' TbeodutphiK, Biihop of OrUiuu, livetl bI the end of C^iuleniagne'i reign knd Uw 
b^innins of that of Louia le D^boniuire. He was liiibup at the time of the Coatidl of 
frmiikfurt ill 7(14. He WM chosen bj Chatlemagne to tiga hii wilt iii 811, aiid by Louii 
in SIB to receive the Pope, who wu coniing to crown the emparor kt Rholina. The 
incidenl menlioned bj oar Bulhor i* fully deecribed by Horur). Tbeodul|ihD) died about 
en or 832 ; for Jonu. hia euocennr In the tnafaoprlc of Orl^aom wa« eant on a mMoa U> 
Pope Eageniiu II by Louii in 834 (Morwri, DidioHunlrt kitlori^iit). 

' 1 dtj. 

* The ctinich of S. PmsMde U uiid to haie been boilt on a property belonging to the 
fiunily of Pudcna. The littc a flnt montioneil about the end of the flfth century. It wai 
Urgely reatured in the ninth centory by Paaoal I, to wbom we owe the moaaioa. It 
WM alio repaired by S. Carlo Butronirn, who «u titular of the church, and Snail; 
R«tond in the eighteenth century (Adinolfi, ij, p. Vi'J ; Armellini, p. iii ; MBTooclii, 
p. 823; Nlbby, p. 870). 



^ 



V 2 



148 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



was Biatir to seynt poteuc 
of pore m 



rhis mayde wag nes 
beute & liir good amy 1 



e a null woman a louet of god a grete refreschA 1 
a oheroh was liir hulle aud in pe myddls waa a wells I 
wliech welle sclie and liir ee/uauntes filt o day with blood of marlirea ]3* 1 
were ded for crist.' The well ia now closed with a round Eton and gi-ate'l 1 
a houte with irun. Vie rede in J>e crouicles t>at in pin praxedis chercb ly 1 
byried ii ml murtiiee and iiii huudred. TLIg is writyn in pe marbil as w« 1 
come in at pe dore. There iB eke a chapeli on j^e rith hnod with an nutcK \ 
ia wbedi ante? Ijth seiiit ualeyntyn- aud imdir ]ie ante? is a pes of put 
pile? to whacb crist was scoigid. It is a metjerd of length pe fiiirest blew 
marbill p&t ony man may se. The? Eoi we in pe sacristie a fuy? iiemycia 
whech aeyiit petir ded make as pe abbot seid to ns and kept it al his lyf but 
whan be deyed Le jaue it to ^ia mnyde and many o])ir )>iugiE. For ptre im 
a grete pecs of pe holy crosse mo? pan a fote long and ii unch biood and 
a UQob |jik in schap of a trosse with bia trauauerBal and his standard. 
There be eke iii of )ioo ^ornes pt wei e ia qristis Led j^ei be white of colou? 
and too unch of length. This sauie day eke is pe stncion at a no^ir cberch 
dedicat to fiese seyntea nereus and acbilleus .' These to men wnuMed a,n 
lioly niayden on to ci'ltt whecb bith dornycell 
domiciaii Jie emperou? and for hir hie kynrud 
Bche was desired of a }ODg lord cleped aurehau for to be his wif but peee too 
men Jiat were hir cubiculeris aud baptized of seyiit petir atered here lady 
put Ecbe Bchuld no busbond receyue. The pi-eisid ou to hir }>e grete nerta 
of uirgiuite pe grete medc )?at longitb perto in heuene. Eke jiei told liir 
of pe grete daungeris in nmriagc of pe onatedfast loue be twix sum men and 

' S, Fr»edie WM dkughUr of Pudena and aiat«r of S. Fudentiank. She lived n lira of 4 
fdetj uul ohkiity ; carliig for Lhe imprisoned kad persecuted CbriatiiiiiB wliila they lirad, I 
and colleotiug their remuni kitd burjiog them wht-n they were dead. She aold all iha | 
puuewcd to give to the poor, and died in penoe (^Sudler, Rtiligeitltxikon ; Aebt 
Saneloi^m, May, vol iv, p. 299). 

 The 8. Valealine here referred to was a prieat, nlio luffored niartjrdom in the reign 
of Claiidiui (Gothicus). The martyrdom took place in Itome Iwfore the Porta Flaminla. 
For centuriei there waa a church near the ipot dedicated to him, in which hi* relict 
were preaerved. This ohurch wta Founded by S. Juliua, Pope, and reetored by TlieoiloM ; 
tn the •eventeenlh century only a fuw Tuiiu ibowed where it had onoe eiiited (St^dJlr, 
BtiHgenlexikon : Aola Sanelorvm, Feliruary, vui. ii, p. 751). 

> The cborch uf 8S. Nereua and Achillena wu originally known under the name of tha , 
TOultii FaieiaXat, from a fa*eiola, rat bandage, which fell from a wnund on the tooi gf J 
8, Peter during bia Bight &om Rome, after hia escape frnu the Hamertine priton. It ii I 
Ant mentioned in an inecriptiun of a.D. 471. which relates to a priut who wae the bthar 
of Felix III. The church was reitored by Leo III about 800; the moiaica ore of bla 
period. At the end of the thirteenth centuiy the chunh was almoal abandoned, and tha 1 
principal relies were reuii>ved by Gregory IX to S. Adriano. About the end of tb« | 
fifteenth century Siitui IV repaired It, but it again fell into decay. Finally i' 
vatartA by Cardinal Baronio in 1SB7, and the relici were brought back with great 1 
Bolemnity (Armellini, p. 107 : Marucchi, p, 103). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGBIME3 149 

here wiues who ]mt men iu he? wowyiig p&t trete ^ong women in ]>e best 
mane? aftirward rebuke hem and bete hem in pe werst K Sche answered on 
to \>e Buasiones of pese men & seid sche had good mynde pat hir owne fader 
was ful gelous & p&i sche wist hir modir haue ful many an heuy day. In 
])iB pletyng be twix mariage and uirginito Eche consentid to pese men both 
to receyue cristendam and eke to kepe hir bodi clene. / He J>at wold a f. 406 v 
weddid hir aspied ]>is and compleyned to pe emp«7x>u? so be his comaund- 
ment \>e maide with hir councellourtj were exiled on to an yle pei clepe 
ponciane. Aftir were pel aH iii slayn for our lordis cause p^i too men lost 
her hedes pe uirgine was sperd iu a hous with o]>ir maidenes and brent with 
impetuous fy?.' 

Of pe stacion at seint prisce. ca xlix. 

Tewisday in palme weke is pe stacion at a cherch dedicate to seint prisca 
uirgin and martyr. Ther is a place undir pe ground whe? seint' ofte tyme 
saide masse & pere is schewid his stole & his girdil and many o}nr relikkis.^ 
This mayde was bore in rome doutir to a consul fay? of body fay re? iu eoule. 
In Claudius tyme pe emperou? died sche for confession of pe feith. Whan 
sche was brout first be fo? pe emperou? he had merueyle of liir beate and 
swech wordis he seid on to hir. O god appollo grete is f^i myth ))at can make 
80 fayre a cieatu? to pe plesauns of man. Thoo he enqwirid of hir religion. 
Sche saide on to him )>at euery day sche mad offering on to hir god with 
outen spillyng of blood. He undirstood not hir wordis but mad hir to be 
led in to J^e temple of appcllo pere to make hir offering. Sche cam to pat 

' ' giae * in margin of MS. 

' S. Nereas and Achilleoa were servant! of Flavia Domitilla, and were baptized by 
S. Peter together with her, her mother Plautilla^and two maidf . The cause of their martyr- 
dom appears to have been their conversion of their mistress, who was betrothed to one 
Aurelian. She was in the habit uf spending much time on her toilet and the care of her 
person ; one day Nereus said to her : * O Domitilla, how happy wouldst thou be, wert 
thou to spend as much time in beautifying thyself for thy heavenly bridegroom.' Tliis 
speech impressed the maid, and eventually she joined the Christian faith, taking vows of 
lifelong chastity. All three were exiled to Ponsa near Terracina, and were martyred 
there by the Consul Memmius Rufui*. Their bodies were brought to Rome by S. Auspicius, 
and buried on the property of S. Domitilla in the Via Ardentina (Stadler, HeiUtf$nlex%kon ; 
Act<i Sandorum, May, vol. iii, p. 4 ; vol. vii, p. 707). 

' ? peter. 

* Hie church of S. Prisca is believed to be on the site of the honse of Aquila and 
Prisca, where S. Peter is said to have preached and baptised. The Tituhu Aqailae 
et PrUcae is found in the fifth century, and an abbey of Greek monks was attached to it 
lat«r. The church was consecrated by Pope S. Eutic^ianus in 280, restored by Hadrian I 
in 772, and by Calliztus III about 1466. Cardinal Giustiniani repaired it from the 
designs of Carlo Lombardo of Areno; finally, Clement XII altered it to its present form 
in 1784 (Armellini, p. 660; Nibby, p. 676; Mamochi, p. 180). 



ISO 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



place vrLere eppollo was lionowred s^ech a oriBon Eche mad ]]ere as it 
reported. Toye be to })e fiider of heueiie uii Jie I calle and pe I pray t>Uli 
place ]]flt is used with mech oiiclenneBae ageyn yi worchip and ]» comaund- 
meitt jinu nitli ]n myty baud dislroye pai pe euiperou? may know and a)) ]m 
puplc ]?at we Bcliuld not worcbep but only pe. Sone aftir ^lese wordis wcf 
saide a non pe erde Bohoke many hoaaeB of pe cite broke but apeciHly )>ul 
appoUo feii down Braul ae eond pe |3ird part eke of his temple fel down withi 
him. Tho comaunded claudius pat ^ei Bchuld bete bir. lu be? betyog sctwj 
]]HukiiI god. Blessed be )m)u lord Bcbe Eaide )}at bast ordeyned euyrlastynf J 
mede to hem )}at troet iu pe- A uois was herd fro heoene in J^at same tyme 
whech eaide. Counfort J^e doutir in god for aftir schort peyne folowith long 
reward. Many tormentryes Buffered (jib mayden betyn nakid with Georgia 
rased bir body with hokys and euyr ]>e next day wbb Eche found hool pat 
a mongia wilde beetis and not hurt in ^e myddis of a grete It? and not br«nt. 
Alle )iese tormeutries Bufiered sclie with gret paciens. Lnet of alle sche loat 
hir heed for crislis loae and wau heuene ioying |icre with crist hir loae. 



Ofr)ie stacion at Beint n 



cal. 



Wednyaday in ^at weke is pe stacion at seynt mari mnior of whech place 
we haue spoke mech for we bad a special cbapel? perot whan we spoke 
pe uii principal cherchis also on pe wednysday in pe first weke of lenton 
whan pe stacion was ]>ere. Now for to rehcrse ouy ]?tng ^t is seide be 
f. 107 r fore but if bane sum uewe circunintannce or sum newe / addicion is but 
ucyn. For Jjis cause I wil reherso here a short chronicle whech gregoriiM 
turonensw' tellith in worchip of oure lady to )>ia ende J^t euery w man 
or woman whech ia bjai to edifye ony bona or oratorie to hir worchip doth 
to hir and to hir fon ful grete plesauTts. The atoty ia ))is. He seyth ]>».%.< 

' S. PrijOT (Prisoilla) wu Ihe dunghter of a Boouin of donanlar nuik, nnd is 
nurtyr of the Weat, She is believFd to have luffered at the early age ori>, dmiagfl 
the pemecntion ofCUudiui, On bcr refusing, CTeo afteT torture, to wonhip befttbenKod^ I 
■hu wu taken oat to the third milestone of the Via Ostienuii uid there beheaded at 
the year BO. Here she wax buried, and her remiuiu were translated to the chucA | 
named after her by Pope S. Kuticbianiu (Stadler, JfeiligenUnkoit ; Aiia Satetam^. 
January, vol. ij, p. 183). 

 II. 

' Gregory of Tooi* wat one of the moat Runoui biahopa and writers of bis day, UmI I 
flouriihed in the sixth eentuiy. He succeeded Euphranius as bishop in 672 or S71, ai 
wsi present at the Synod of Pnrta in 577. He mnde a pilgrimage to Rome, where tw \ 
foriDed a frieadship with S. Gregory ; be died on Nov. 17, GOS. He R-rot« a histoiy o 
Pnnoe in ten buoki, many other wurki on the lives of the saints, and some tbeologioal I 
eommoitaries. According to Mnreri the beat edition of bis works was that by Doml 
Tbierri Suinart, Benedictine, in the year IG99 (^Dieiionnmrt hUinHqim). 



on I 



VE SOLACE OF riLORIMES 151 

gret constautyn biggid r fill aolem|iue chercli in conatantiuoplij in worchep 
of out' lady. The disposiciuu of )>e placo askeJ grete pileres and bye to b«? 
up |ie werk. Now wbb it J>e usage )ian anil bo is jet at rome |iat |Jei mail 
no piler in no Bwech Bolcrapne werk but al of o ston. For a man may se 
peee pileres at )7ia day too faduni a bout and more and of fifti fete by or mo? 
and al of o ston. Swech atoues bad comstaotyu ordeyned for his coetful 
bona and wban }>ei were red! to be rered |>ei mad redy ber trises and he? 
pullynes lynea and robynettis but yp. pileres myth not be reiaid. There was 
grete care be Iwix pt werkme bo pt maistir of hem a deuoute man of lyf as 
it is writin prayed on to uu? lady epectaly Jjut sche scliuld scud good speed 
on to ]}!s werk for it was mad iu houou? of hir. The nyth folowyng sche 
appered on to him and bod him go on to pe petite skole \>f:re beside oute of 
^t skole Ecbe bad bim chese «»t«' iii fauntes* for pet thre and be schuld 
reise up J^ese pileres with oute ony more help )jds scbe behite liim. The 
mason ded hir comaundment and aU |)ing came to haiide as lie wolde. 
Here may men se }>at edificacion of swecli houses in erde plegith pe eeyutis 
in beuene and )iat may we know be {lis tokne wbim {lei hem aelue wil send 
help ptTtoo. 

Of pe atacion at aeint jon lat«ranensi«. ti. 

On maande Jnirsday is ^e ttacion at seint jon lat^vnenat* and a grete 

cause whi for pere is pe bord on whcch crist mad his niaunde of (lia mate? 

))an wil we speke in f^is cnpitle for we bane said be fo? of |:ii8 chcrcb al |^at 

euyr we cnu. Crist be fore bis paasion comaunded too of hia disciples 

petir and jon to go in to ierim be fore him and ordeyue pert for hia soper 

]»t he with hia disciples scbuld e(« pe paschal lomb er be departed fro bem. 

He sent hem to a man in pe cite whoa name pe eunngelistis expreaae not 

but oure elde clerkis sti )mt be was on of cristia diseiples and )>ia euydeiis 

pel make })«rfor )>at cn'st bad bem sey pe mnistir eent hem [^idir. Be ])i3 

general me»sage ]iei sci is undyrstand jint )>iB man ^at held |}ia houa was on 

' of hem fiat beleued in crist. For it was a comou nsc a mougi'a bis loueres 

for to sey on? maiatir was pert or ou? mayatir said boo. This name wa« 

singlerly appropriat on to him for he forbade ^at non of his discipiles acbuld 

olepe o^ir maistir ou was he? muisttV be aaide whecb is in heuene. The 

tokue whereby (>ei achuld know )}is man whe? criat wold auppe he told bem 

1 on }>iB mane?. Whan je come in to / j^e cite bo aeid je achal se a man be I. 

; fore )ou with a ueasci of watir in his nek. Folow him and in what bons 

I flat he eutretb aey to ]>e man jjat oweth pe hoos t^at t>c maistir wil ^at he 

I ' ' DUte ' (tnich thmiiah and iiitcrUneated in MS. ' ' fauntM ' = children. 



152 YE SOLACE OF PILGLIMES 

ehew jou )}e place whi;? he achal bold liis soper. Tlius as ]>ei aaide p*i km 
and aH )>iug was arayed as her innj'stir |)rophecied. It wns a 
Hith to se ou? lord ihQ with hia xii come down in to f>e cyte. It k to suppose 
J»flt Bumme of |)e Ixxii disciples were ))e? to do eeniise on to ou? lord and 
to ^o xii. For we rede in scynt marcialea li{' p'' )>is same raarcial was on , 
of );oo discipka whecli wn9 };at nytti with oai lord in ]ia.i same hoos And | 
ordeyned for pe eoper whech wna made pvre. We rede J^at he brout aH ^ 1 
w&tir with whech crist waaehed ]k apostelea feet whan f>e niete was redj. 
Jon J>e euangelist as sum men write cam to ou? lord for be was moat 
familiar with him und eaide on to him. Sei' je may euppe whan je will. 
The bord (lat J>ei ete on was not fer fro fpe ground as summe men writyo 
for l^ei hem self aolyn on )ie ground at her sope? for |^tB was pe usage ii 
elde tyme and jet it is in ^e load of patestin whe? ierusalem stauditli oa 
many laboured utttt sey. But who so euyr it be nt j^ia day it was so tiiBDne 
OB we fynde writyn. Tiie bord put pei ete on was aware mad of dyueii 
peaes ft l:c roeaure of entry sware as bonauentu? de nita xpi aeith was too 
brschea and iii fjngeris. A bmehe in ytaile is called a mesure with wbech 
^i mete cloth and of oni* mesure I hald it iii quartcres of a jerd go )w 
ewarea of pie bord on entry side we? in mesu? a jerd and half and a handful 
■auo a UQch pat Is to sey iii unch. Thus eete pei iii on ech aide and iot 
cristis lappe and aH ete j^ei of o disch and as we seide be fo? ))ia same bord 
is at pie same cherch of whech we speke now. 



Off ye stacion at aeynt cruce, caplm Iii, 
On good friday ia pa stacion at eeynt crucis where })at a grete partye of I 
^ croBse is schewid and be cauae pai in many cuntres of pe world ar schewid .1 
peaes of po holy crosae and men haue menieyle who awech a tre scbuld ] 
extend him aelue in to so many partes, eke as grete momeyle liaue ^i pat I 
po peees be not lich for summe hnue o colon? and anmme haue a no]^ir, pet 
doutie of l^eae men cauaen me to declare here ]>is malere. As for pt first 
I rede in pe US of seint heleyiie j^at whan sche bad founde pe Crosse aclie 
mad certeyn peses to be cut of and Jjoo brout ache to rome to hir son with 
many o|3tV relikes so ])Bt it semeth pe tre was grete and myth be dyuyded i 

I S. Mu-tlnl wu Uie Gnt Biihnp uf Linviges. One renioD n,y» lliat he died in tha J 
Utt«r bklf of the Cbird wntury, and thmt he wu contemponrj with the Einj>eror Dedui 
ihii •Ulcmcat i) to be toaud in the biatory of Gregory of Toun (Hiif., t 28). Tb» I 
koeoDiit hen: ^ven of Mm bj our cbronicler !■ open to doubt ; tbe qaeition hu given riM J 
to moch dIsciuiioD. The BolUndixl* leave it open, tod uy that 8, Martial lived dUm ' 
in the fint or in the third century (Stiuller, HtiliQealtiikon ; Ada Sanclorum, June, 
ToLv, p. 635), 



YE SOLACE OF I'lLGRIMES 153 

in to many partes, T rede aleoo in elile bokea pai wbnn n peae was cut fro 
^is tree ]» tre grewe a gayn on to )ie same quantite it was be fore. Qod 
on? lord hath multiplied so many / dyu^rs ^ingig iu )>is world and it isf. 
lesse m«rueile ]>owj he werk ]>e same maner iu }>at tre wbeeh was iDstrument 
of oil? aauacioun. As touching ]>e op'n mater of dyuers coloiuia of ])ta tre 
]e fichal undiretand Jiat ]ie crosse wae mad of iiii sundry trees J>»t ia to Eey 
pal me cedre cipreggo and olyue. A uers of clde faderis tyme hcrith wif nease 
of j'ia ligua ciiicia palma cedi'ua cipfeafliia otJua. He seith fins ye tries of 
pe erOBee we? palme cedre cipresse and oliue. Whech w&n pe Htaudard 
whech f>e transoeraalo or whech ]3e title is ful hard to kuow but I wil 
reheree jou myn opinion. The oliue was pe hi tre J^iit utood up rith and 
bare al bis body. This is pe cause whi J)at I suppose to for I rede )>nt geth 
Bchuld a hrout \ie Bed ^«rof fro paradise and at \>e comaumliuent of p^ 
Bungel whech lok it him ho sette it on his fader graue whech was aduM. 
I rede eke f^at )>iH tre was hew be ealnmoit to be a bem in pe temple but it 
wold not acorde. I rede eke f^at pe queen of saba whan sche say p\i tre 
Bcbe pfoGcied perot and seid |>at a kyng of fiat loud achuld he hanged on pe 
Biime tre. Than for pe gretnesae of pe Ire be cause he- w ae' he was 
ordeyned for a bem I be leue uerily )?at [;is waa pe tie of pe crosee |.''at stood 
rith up. Ther was a atok alao sctte in pe erde aa we rode and in )7t8 stok 
wuB a gret morteis in whech [liB long tre stood )k more sikir. This atok 
waa of pe cedre aa we suppose for fiis canae for ^e cedre wi] neuyr rote 
J>CT-fur J)ei aette t»ftt tree in Jie ground wenjng pat pe crosse schuld a ataude 
be many agia to here witnesae })nt swech a man for treeon waa ded at 
ieruBulem. This seid |jei and purjKiaed jjat hated criat but ou? lord turned 
fie mater an o})ir wey. For whan pe\ sei in who grete deynte cristen men 
hud all |>ao Jiingia |jat toucbid hia body a nou of pure enuye pel hid hem 
alt. The cipreeee for it ia swete of sauon? waa f>at tree to whech |>oo blesaed 
handis we? niiyled. The title a boue iu whe^b was writyn iu iii manar 
langages ihu iiamjenm rex iudeoritnt was mad of |:e palme f-at haue we red 
in elde bokes for all uictores we? woiie lo be? pe palme aftiV her uictori 
and be cause criat had conqwered pan all \'e powe? of belle l^^rfor pel setts 
pia ti'e al a boue in tukne of uiotorie. Uis eniuyes aette it not to f'nt eutent 
but god stored hem to Belte it soo (Jouj it we? a geyn he? eulent. He? 
haue we expresaid pe parties of f>e crosae as we myth if ouy man haue eey 
ftr))er in ftis mate? we grucch not J'ow nu? sentena be leid be aide and 
bettir be receiued. Of pe^t fou? pcirlies of pe crosse apektlh pe hoti apottil 
paule ad eph-j. loke je be roted and gruunded in chante lie seilh (jat je Qu»y 
comprfheude whech is pe length and pe bredo pe heith and ^e depnesse. 
' ' lin no ' atruck tbr(iu)(li itnil inuriiuexled in MS. 



154 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Up on |;ia seilh ttmi austyn pat cristis hed wub sette liie od \it crosse p*t 
t. tOSr a cribten man achuM euer a mongis aH / ofiir )iiDgiB hane bU bert tnovt 
sp««>a]y lift np to heueoe. In pe brede of pe crosse whe? crutis bandia 
were nayled is undiretand as fae eeJtb )>at cure werkia scbuld be in ^ 
honou? of cmt. The leogtb of )>e croase caaaeth in us \int euene a> pe body 
of crifit had ]>tTt hia tormenlrie so a cristen man schold soffir sntnwhat for 
p6 lone of god and remission of liia syonea. The atok be ne]nii whech is hid 
in )>e erde maketh as to be tene f»t on? lord hath do mo? for us finn W9 
can eonceyxie. 

Of ^ atacioo at seint ion lat^rane. cap liii. 
Sotirday on pas enei>« is \>e atacion at sejnt ion )at#rane and fiere !■ leid 
an yniage of crist in a graue and raech oyir ping doo to pe worchip of cristia 
gfpnltn? of whech sepuitu? we wil sey sumwhut to edificacioo of pe rederes. 
Aftir tyme }>at crist was ded on? lady and maiidelpn and hir too aiateria St 
jon eaungelist a liood stiH be J>e erosRe and pert alwod til knytls caw and 
broke pe thies of pe too )>euea and on to ['at tyme ftat longitw had pat 
pe B|)ere on to cristis bei-t. Aftir J»e knytis were goo (k'i abode Btille til 
ioaeph alMirimathia & nicho<1einui and opir mo com with ladderis and oj^ir 
ingtrumentia to take on? lord down. Joseph took down pt ritb band and 
nicboderaiu pe lift Jiua losed ]jei aH pe Iwdy and leid it on pe ground ajid p9 
hed in on? lady lap and maudelen sat and kiasid p« feet. Longe it was or 
^i coude gete leue of on? lady for to biry bim. But at p6 last be instanna 
of jon sche Buffered bim to be byryed. The aepultu? of crist was a round 
boua hewyn in a biH of stoo whecb ston was in bis ueynea aumwhe? red and 
Burnwhe? wbit. The houa was no bier j^an a man myth toacli with bis bniid. 
Ou pe eat side wus pe eatre Jwrto on pe north side was a graue mad be craft 
mete for a mnnnea body uii fuie of length and iii span fro pe panyment. 
Tbia was mad for Joseph and in })is was crist layd. Aftir paX crist was 
biried ioeepli abarimathte desired )>at ou? lady schuld go dwelle at his bous 
but hir conncell Jwute it waa to fer fro iorlm. Than desired mary maundelea 
to hane ou? lady on to hir herhorow sobe alleggid a gret allectyf ' f"t 't was 
pe principal logging of crist. To ]>is wotd not jon conaent to whom ou? lady 
was comended for he aeid it was mo? conaenient pa,t echo achuld be loggid 
in pe cit« for t>iB cauae for ^ei had told her frendis before whan ))ei went to 
pe croBSe )>at )>ei achuld come to pe cite a gayn. Therfor maudelen said ion 
I hope ^u wilt not forsake m; modir at pie tyme for we wil go and be loggid 
with pe same man whe? ou? raaistir auppid last. Thus cam j^ei )x)rw 
P* cite and many of here frendta met with bem j^ei aaide )?ei were fuJ sory 
' allective -^ alluremeiit, inducement. 



I 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 153 

(mt ihu waa (o ded ne pei we? neayr gilty in \>e mate? ne neuyr consenliwg 
|Mrto. Tims is crist biricd and ou? lady brout on to jiie boua where pat 
I crist hctd mad bis maunde. '■ 



Off lue stocion on pafie day. cap liiii. 

On paae day is ^ etacion at seyut mari maior whe? eeint gregoi'i sang on 
f>e same day on wliech a gret myracle fe! (ler* for whech myracle Jjia atacion 
was sette |Kr« for euyr on (lis day. TbuB sede we in aeint gregori lif })at on 
paae day be sang meeae at )7Ib same cberch and ail f>c puple deuoutly lierd 
bia meaae. So happed it at \fi last endu of masae wbau be eeid pax downni 
ait Hemp uobiacttm whilis (le qwcer was in sjlens an oungell with a !owd uoya 
answerd aud said. Et cum aptWiu tno. No wocdir ]xiiij (>is man were 
deuoulo in hia writyng whan ou? lord bad so gret« t«ndirneBee ouyr bini )jat 
he wold Bend anj^fcH to do him Bcruyae. For we rede eke t>at a nofiir tyma 
an auTigeH miniatred at his masae us is treded more largely in (lat capitle of 
seint Sebastian. For )jiB miracle waa ordeyued a atatute in [>at cbercb ^t 
if fjB pope ainge \^rt |)e qwere schal not answe? whan he seith pax doniini. 
And treuly whejiir |)ei do so euyr or nout I wot not ueryly but ))is herd I ()at 
at dyuers masaes tie note ]>e qwer aaide ail iii agnus dei with miaere? nobis 
and not with dona nobia paccm as we do. Thus haue I desciyued on to jow 
^ Btacions of lenton for of |)oa Btaciones be fo? lenton or of ^>oa )?at are 
iu hestem weke we B|)okc nut fur to causea. O cau»e ia for J'e stacioncs in 
lenton ar more comendid aud more need. A no))ir cause is for aH (too 
chercliiB ar Btacions iu lentou also aaue to. on is eca roaria rotanda, a nojjir 
is seynt pancruB aud of JTCse both wil we speke now in )>e {^ird part. 

These bo |io capitles of ))ia secund part be fore. The prologe. Off ))c cberch 
clepidscyut peterescaplmi. OffjM chetch deped seyiit pautes cap ii. Off^ 
oherch of seynt Sebastian cap iii. Off )>e chorcbdepedlatvranenBi'scapiiii. Off 
J)e cherch of seynt cruce cap u. Off Jie cberch of scyut laurens cap ui. Off 
)>e cherch clepod mariu maior cap uii. Off }>« stacion ut seynt t<abine cap uiii. 
Off{ic stacion at seynt george cap ix. Off ^stacion at jon Apaulecap x. OS 
^ stacion at seynt tripbonis cap xi. Off ))e stacion at seyut jou lal#raneu«i'« 
cap xii. Off |)e stacion at scint pettr ad uincula cap liii. Off })e staoion at 
seint anasta^ cap xiiii. OiT |ie stacion at seyut mari maior cap xu. Off [w 
Btadon at seynt laurens paniapem cap xiii. Off \« slacion at )>e xil 
aposteles cap xuii. Off \^ stacion at seynt petir cherch cap xuiii. Off 
^e stacion at sci maria in dompnica cap xix. Off ))e stacion at seynt 
clementt* cap xx. Off ^ stacion at seint bolbyne cap xxL Off f>e atacioD 
at seint cecile cup xxii. Off )ie stacion at sea mu-ia traustiberim cap xxiii. 
Off (>e stacion at seint uitjile oS xxiiii. / Off ^ stacion at seint marccllin f. 1 



156 VE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 

tiad petir cap xxu. Off ]>e stacion at Eeynt laarene ca xxui. Off )ja 
Btacion at seyut mark (S xsuii. Off |)e etaoion at aeyut potenciana 
cft xxuiii. Off jje staciou at Beynt eixte ca xxis. Off pe Btacion at seintt* 
coemas and daminiius ca xxx. Off pe etaciou at Beint Iiiurens in lacina 
cS xxxi. Off pe Btacitm at seynt suflanne ca xxxii. Off J)e EtaciOD 
in ieniBalem at seint cruc« ca xxxiii. Off pe stacion at a cherch clepid 
quatuor coronatoi-um cap xxxiiii. Off pe stacion of seyot laarcna ia 
damaaoo ca xxxu. Off pe stacion at eeyufc paulea cS xxiui. Off (>e 
Btacion at seint mni'tyn in montibti^ ca xxxuii. Off pe stacion at scjnt 
eusebie cap xxsuiii. Off pe stacion at seynt nicholaa in career* xxxix c^ 
Off po Btacion at Beynt petrea ca xl. Off pe Btacion at seynt grisogonus cap 
xli. Off pe stacion at seint ciriiic cap xlii. Off pe stacion at seinl marcelle 
cap xliii. Off pe stacion at seynt appollina? c3 xliiii. Off pe stacion itt 
seynt steuene in moute cello ca xia. Off ^e stacion at seynt jon portlatjru 
ca slui. Off pe stacion at laturanensi* ca xluii. Off pe stacion at seynt 
praxede ca xluiii. Off pe stacion at Bcmt priace ca xlix. Off pe stacion 
at sejn mar! maior cafi t. Off pe stacion at lateranensts cap li. Off p« 
Btacion at Beynt cruce caji lii. Off pe stacion at latcranenats cap liii. Off 
pe Btacion on pace day caplih liiii. 



Here beginnyth pe fiird part of op'ir cherches in Rome prologns. 

Thus fer liana we broat ou? enteot yat we haue deseryued aH poo places 
where etaciones be holde in lenton now wil we telle sura notable f^ingis of 
opiT cherches in roiue swech as be famous. OuP purpos was in pe beginoyng 
of ph werk to a wad but too parties pent and so it ia wrttyn bat (lia sectind 
part schuld a be ouyr prolix. Tlierfor men couMcelled uie of pesa o^ir 
chercbes wbech scbul now come in hand to make a Bpeciul patt be tiirn selav 
BO achal pe werk be concluded in a ternarie for {)at nonmbir is balowid u 
we sey in ou? diainite be cause ou? feitb pr«cbitli on to ns thre persones in 
o godhed. Ou? lord god alsoo bath made bis ministres anngelles and sette 
in swech p«rfeccion J)at pel bo disti«cle in to iii ierarchics and euwy ierar- 
chie distincte in to iii ordres. Eke ou? lord hath dj-uyded al )jia world in to 
iii parties |Jat is to sey asie europe and affrik. Al })is is said for pe perfeo- 
cionn of {lis nonmbir iii and mecb mo? |3ing myth be seid fwrof if men wolde, 
sptctaly if pei wold tiiko councell of a book wbech y Bid re mad and it ia 
entitiled de mor«. The orde in )7ia werk folowyng schal be l^i?. First wil 
we epeke of ^ ]>e cherohis of oure lady whech wil com to remembenana 
and ^anii) of opir cherohes whech stand in fame and sp«ctaly of bem of whom 
t. 4 10 r we fynde / ony notable wrytyng. 



4 
4 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIltES 



There is a cherch ii 
Bci inaria i-otnnda *e 
It iaclepidscam 
grete widneHse a 
Bey p^ comounly a 
ta hnd aud aa hy a 



k 



ronie wliech was clcpid samtjmepftnf.heonnow it is clepid 
cllio oat maina potu w d a* ' or ellea eca miirta ad martireB. 
a rotunda for it iBai-oundlioua witliout<!pile?aiid{>at ofeo 
eo grete lieith )>at it is wondir who \!ei myth rerc it. The 
utd I fonde it wrytin pert pat \>ei mad a grote hill of erde 
a fioi woIJ hane pe houa and in |>iB hill I^ei byried mech 
mony whan pe hoaa was mad, pel joue l^e puple leue to cary oute ]>e erde 
and for lier cariagc to take ^e mony whech pel foud. In uery BJluniesBe 
I eei a uout mad at romc a ful fayrc hous whecb ia a cele? at aeint thomas 
hospital eaene of l^ia aame mane?. It is cleped eke t>ia cherch sea maria ad 
martirits for it was halowid not only iaworchip of ou? lady bat in worchip 
of aH roarlires. Kartirea is aeid eingulet'ly & non confeBsouria foi' pe cherch 
said nol of cunfeaaouies (jod. There was in rome e. po|>e* clepid boneface 
pe fourt a bleeeid man of lyf and gret« iu repulAcion. This man was pope 
in tyme of focas pe eniperouf aone aftir seint gregoi? for aftir gregory was 
aabiniu a jere and uiii monthie and [laune bonefaciuj tardus not fully a jere 
80 |>ut be my counting {'is boiiefacius iiiiua was in pe jer of uur lord ui 
bnudi'ed and o. This boneface prayed pe emperou? focaa (tat he schuld jeue 
him {jIb temple whech was cleped be fo? pantheon J>at ia to sei a temple of 
aH goddis for pan is as mech to sey as al and theos god or goddis. The 
prtncipal cause whech meued pe pope* was jjis for pe wikkid Bpiritis }'at 
had n-ccyned grete offerbgis pert of pe pnple whil Jiei were in errou? eey 
pe eame pnple had forsake hem and we? turned on to crist of gret mitlice 
wbech })ei haae, hurt pe puple in morowny?)gi« and euenes with meruelouB 
nuledies. Aud be cause l^is cherch stant in pe best of rome wher most 
pople dwellith j^erfor |>ia pope* of grete pit« was pe more hisi to seke 
nmedy a geyn )7is myschef. So aflir pe emp«roun>B graunt he mad aH pe 
maumcntis with in j^e hous tu he broke cleneid pe hous of aH offices |>at 
were with in longing to swech cerymooies as pe hetlien puple used. Aftir 
ph doo be called idl pe criston puple of rome and in here pr«seus halowid 
pe place saide pert a messe and hosild pe moi^t part of pe puple. Tho mad 
he a consCitucion of pe cherch ];at pit day fro |)is tyme schuld \>c as holy as 
cristemasse dny and aH pe puple schuld come and do reuervus to god and 
too all seyntis |]at aH pe necligetises whech falle iu / {^ long jere schnld be f. 410 v 
Mnondid with Bolempiiite of ph fest. Summe croniculeris write f»t bone&ce 
set pis feest pe xa day of mi>y and on of pe gregorics aftirward channged it 

' FniDi * In * alruck Lhn>U|{h and iaUrtiuentfd in MS. 



1S8 



YE SOLACE OF PILGBIMES 



and set it pe first day of noucmbir for pie cause. For gvete multitude of )i 
cnntre cam bi ronie at ^is feeet and uitaile )ut tyne of ]>e )e? was passinj 
ecarEe wberfor he sette it at |?is tyme trhao corn and wyn is in moost plente.' 



Off a: 






Off ai'a cell cherch of ou? lady, cap ii. 
a spoke be fore in f>e first party and told who it was sum- 



tyme octaiiiaii cbaunibir whecb be diemitted fro liim and halowid it on to god. 
Tbia cliereli na \»i eey Jwe is epectaly consecrat 
same emperou? on criBtmassc-day saw a uirgin appeiiug in Tpe simne and in 
hir arme a child. This uieion of cristia birth whecb was scbewid to octaiuaji 
})e day of bis birth was nout only scbewid in rome bat in o^iir places of p9 
world. For as I haue red when |je atcrre appered to pe iii kyngis in yade 
(>ere appered with Jie sterre a child witb a crosee and seid on to hem \>ai pel 
Bchuld soke {je newe kj-ng bom at bethlein. For jje progenie' of ]>ese kyngt« 
bad ordeyned certeyu men to wayte aftir fis, medd be a prophet* |)ei called 
Iwlnm whech was in 'pe tyme of moiEcB. This is seid undir auctorite of 
strahuB in his notes Bup«- matbeHm." We rede oIeo in ofir croniclea [ntt 
iereniie pe prophete in J^e captiuite of iurlm fled in to egipt wbere be told 
to pe kymg of egipt Jiat whan a mayde bare a child in |je lond of iude aH f>e 
ydoles of egipt achold faH down and be distroyed. These woi-dea of ieremye 
were in so grete auctorite in egipt pui pe prestis of pt temple ptrt in 
mempliis ded |teynt a ymage of a mayde and in hir lap a child and sett« it 
in a pryny place of ^e temple as for a special memorial. Tholome pe grete 
ostronome? whech was kyng of egipt aftir a studiotM man to leiTie stxaange 
)>iugiB inqwired of pe prestia what ))is ymage meat and be had of hem noD 
ojjir anEwe? but }>at ^e boly prophete iercmie told swech a Jiing on to he? 
elderes and J)ei be leued ueryly it schuld be as be seide. This place J»t is 
J)as conaocrat in worcbip of ouf lady is not clepid with outen cause pe ant«r 

' S. Mali* delU Itotonda, or ad Martjim, wm consecnited by Pope Bonifice tV on 
Mny IS, 60S. In BGG Conitans II, who reiooTeil go nuiny treuurai fram Borne, itrippad 
th« roof of ila giU broDie (ilea *nd ranioved them to Caritlantinople ; tbJi vork of 
deitruutian wh oompleted in 1332 by Urban VIII, who melted down tb« renuini of Uie 
brouie roof for th« baldacchiuo of S. Feter'a. The charch wM repaired by Beneilict II in 
eS4,GiegOT7 III in 73S. AtiMtasiai IV in 1163, and Eogeniua IV in HSi. FivM TV 
repaired the great bronie doors, and Drban VIU restored the &(ade iu 1634, adding two 
olumiy campanili which were afterwarda remored. The Folio Santo waa kept her* G 
oenlnriee in a ohest locked with thirteen keya, of which each Rione of the town p 
one CArmellini, p. 84$ j Adinolfi, ii, p. 407 ; Manirchi, p. 412 ; Nibby, p. 408). 

' anoeitore. 

' Walabiduf Strabo (807-49) waa the autlior of the Gloua ordin. 
Pal. Lat., czlv, coL 73). 



4 




YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 

of god for ptti uirginc was pe Hret aute? pat rtctsyued )>e flesch aod pe blood 
of ou7 lord iliu wbecU flesch aiKl blood ft mongis cristen mea now is miuialred 
on euery anter. In JjU cherch are wrytjn f>ese uei-s. Hac ara celi aibilla 
sermone fideli Quera genua humnnum colat instmit octaaianum. 
uirgo jiarena ait liic deua cat homo parenii Hie rex line carena tti r 
flos uelut a 



Hoc i 



Tbis is pe seuteus of posn uers as I undiratand. This i: 
))e aule? of beuene wbere Eibille wit; wordis ful trewe Off hini paX alle mifi 
schul worcbip mad . . . 



(Part of MS. miBBing here.) 



/ stand of pe lowe? wiadam whecb la sont fro god. A uojiir part of bir r. ill r 
pictn? is ]»t ache is euyr peyntid jong. For viedam ie neuyr eld but euyr 
new and new offered to ou? soule. Sclie halt a speie in hir hand to siguiGe 
p&t })ei whech be endewid with wiBdam schuld be redy euyr to defeude hem 
fro pe perilMu templacionnes of pe deuete. Ctorgopea heed berith scbe in 
btr breeet. Tbeae poet«a feyne j^at pet were thre monstrea )>at is to sey 
men or women mis sehapiu for )iei tbre had but o bed and on eye whech 
monatres a conqwerou? as f^ei feyne hia name waa perseua killid. But be fur 
bia conquest he borowid pe spere of )}iB same pallaa and eke hir scheld ^l 
waa mad of criatal. Al })is is feyned to fia enteiit [wt a wise ma achal eujT 
liaue dreed in hia breeat for to be wa? and rtdy a geyn alle pe fraadea of 
ou? eumy whech may tranafigure him selue in to what echap put be wil. 
Many mo aimilitudea ar writ«n be twix ))ese to myiierue and wisdam but 
I wil leue hem and sent jou if je list to lerne mof of pia mate? on to a book 
oleped mitbologie fulgeucii,' 

' The chutch of 8. Muia topra Minerik wu atcMd OTer  teuipte dedicated to that 
l^den. the celU of which could be traced in the wljdniiiK coareut until the giit««nth 
centarj. H. Zuhviw, aboat the ycu 750, gnoted it to Greek BauliaD qiiiu, who, 
however, ahuidflned it. It WM giren in 1370 by the Senate and pe<^le of Rome to the 
Domlnlciui* of 9. Sabinft, snd wm entirely reoonitrticted. The interior wu reatored und 
redecorated at great eipenee iu 1819-C4, but unfortunately in the moM florid atyle. 
Thia ia all the more to be regretted, u thii i> the only Gothic churoh in Rome which 
retatna to any eitent ite original ttyle [Amiellini, p, tOS ; Manicohi, p. G14 ; Nibhj, 
p. 414 ; Maaetti. Mtmorie ilorieht dtlla eiiaa dH S. Maria lopra Minerva, Borne, 1B66). 
Part of the temple eiiited at the time oar author wrote, for Huflel tay* : 'iit der 
abtgatl«r tempcl geweet, Mioerfa geoannt, ein gar herlich kloater, die lit an gottin 
gewfrt der atretl, der waffen, and dea alten tempeli atet nur noeb eln itnck' (p. CI). 
Pulgentlna Plaueladei (who miut not be ooofiued with Fulgentiua Bnapim^) liTed 
about A.D. fi30, and ii believed to have been Biihop of Carthage. He waa the anthor of 
three booka of mythology, addraaed to a prieat oamed Catna. A book of the allegorie* 
of Vit^l, addrened to ChalddM the giainmarian, li alio attriboled to bim (Uorerl, 
/)ierioniHii>e kutorique). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Of pe cherch cleped n 



cap u. 



Marie aounciat is a vcol fayre cliercb wLecli stant in ]>e Md as we go fro ' 
acala cell ' on to aeint sebftstianes a niyle fro ]k o place aud a myle fro )J0 ^ 
oJ)ir. It Bta«t HOW with outen ony dwelle? and jet Lath it n fayre litil | 
place aanexid ]>erto. Sane at )ie dedicacion of J>e place whech is in Jw fort i 
of anunciacion of oup lady fjan be sum folk abydyiig {lere.' Off jiis place w« ( 
fyiido Bwech wrytyng. Au holy man dwelt \>ere aumtyme fiat eeruyd god 
and oure lady in ful solitary lif and ba cause pe place was of |)at feat of on? ' 
lady whech ia clepid anu/iciaciou whan jiat gabiiel cam fro hcuene and teld I 
oure lady (k>o gracioua tydynggia {>e aauacion of al ]w world he had in ph 
place grete denocioun. Up on a day ou? lady appercd on to bira and ^eide 
}Mit what tnau in clene lif deuoutely wil uieite }>i8 place he schal neuyr com 
in \>e peynea of pap ga toi - ie .' Many ojiir Jjinggis be seid pere of pie place 
whech I may wel be leue be canse j^at pis feat of oaf lady is a solempne and 
a principal feet uflir myn opiuiuu for on )>iB day nowt only was oure lady 
gladid with tydjiiggtn of gabriel but muny o}>ir )^iug''« fel in f^ia feeat as 
a gretc uersifyoa? witoessith in certeyn uei's whech folow here. Salue feata 
diea que nulnera uostrti coherces Angelua eat raiasua est pnasus in cnioe 
orietuB, Eat adam factua & eoJem tempore lupsus Ob mtritum decime cadit 
sbel fratria ab ense OfTert melthisedec ysaac sapponitwr aiis Eat decolutua 
Xpi baptista beatua Petrua ereptus iacobus aub herode peremptns Coqwra 
Ecoruni cum Xpo multa resurgunt Latro duke tatnen per Xpm ensciptt 
V amen. / Thia ia po aentena of pese nera. Heil })ou feslful day |Jat puttist 
on? woundea away. This day J^e aungel was sent crist on pe crosse was bent. | 
Adam was mad Jjia day and turned to pe synful way. For faU dthyug wo 
Bay cayn killid abel (>i8 day. Melchiaedech with ahi-aham mette wilb bred | 
and vjn he him gretl«. Ion baptiat )7is day was ded for treuth he lost hii I 

' Tre Fontane. 

> The Dliurch of S. Maria AnnanziKU (yuatialella) ia near the Via ArdeaUaa, about | 
Ihroe milca fiwn the city. Il wm ctinsecratoa by Honorioi III iu 1220, proUbly oi 
■ile of BB older churoh [Nibby, Dintomi di Soma. f. iii, p. SSI). There nwd to b 
nld pilgrima' ruad from Tre FonUuie to thia church, B.ad thence un to S. Sebutiauo. The i 
latter put of it uiita, uui ia still much uted on the day oF the AnnuDciatioii, and on I 
(la fint Sanday in Hay. There are aome atoenmbs clow by, with tame interwUag | 
fnaooei. Iniide the ehurch, which is now in »n HbandoDed conditioD, will be found an 
Mmikiiu of it* fonner imi«rtanoe. In the apae there ia a fine frcKO (much rcMored] oCl 
Urn Quattro Cento, the aubject being liie Annunciation. There i« a ooanuttnqiie pavement 1 
in front of the high altar and a coematew|ae tabernaele in the aoiu^y, both of wliidt | 
appear to belong to the reitoiatioD of Bonoriui III. There i» an ancient aloue alt*r ia 
Uie BMiiaty wliich probably wai in the older church, ami the dedicatory injcripdoB 
of Hoaoiiiu III il still ia tilu, on the interior wall of the building lAnoellini, p. 72ft). 

' ' porgatdcie' cnoed throngtl in HS., bat quite lc|{ible. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIME8 IBI 

Led Pelir fro priaou vas drawc Bud James l^is day I slawe. Many men owt of 
f« groQwd Rise }iia dny both hool and '. The f>eef on criEtis ritU hand herd 
f ul good tytand '. 



Of Jie chorcb clepid marie transpodiu 
Marie transpodinm la a chercli of ou? lady iii pe cyte lee 



e whe? seyot 

petir cbeich eUnt wlii it is called IrnDBpodiunt treuly I coudc not leme for 
pc dwellereB »i wroth a noa if meii oek ony queetiones.* Ti-aus is as mech 
to aey as ouyr anil podium a leuyng ioyned in ou? langage it souiidith ouyr pe 
lenyng what lenyng was lie? or whi it b clepid boo treuly I can not gesee. 
This luoch I Bay ]w?, too pilei'is on to whech petir & pauIo were l>oa7(de and 
beto for (lei taute fe feith of ou? lord ihii. Thus were pe holy apoatoles ofto 
tyme serned wban pel cam Brst on to a cyte and prechid pe name of crist a 
Don pel were had in to pe cou»cel and betyn naked and foibodyu }iat )iei 
schuld no more nemel' cristcs name on to pe puple. Off ))is maiicr 
cliaBtisitjg were many dyuers uses a mongi> dyaera naciones. J hane red )7at 
sunime inges a mongis pe bethen men suffered he? tormentouria to bete men 
with outen mean? e])ir tyl pe beter wna very or elHa til he )>at was betyu was 
ded. For peee oudlacret iuges oure luid god comaumled bis pujde iu pe old 
teetament jmt pe luges scbuld not aufGr men to be betyn undiscretly for ou? 
lord put on to hem a reiile ])at }iei achuld not pasee xl lacch. Off ^is mate? 
spekith sei/it paule ful pieynly as a man p&t had gret experiens of ]ns mate? 
in pe secund epistel ad corifithios and eeith on ))is mane?. A iudeis quiTt' 
quies qafldragenaa una vaiaus accepi. In englisch lie aeitb )>Qa. Of pe iewia 
fyue sithia fourty laacb ou lease I took. Tbese achort wordis wil I exprease 

' ' aound ' in mw^ of MS. * tidiaga. 

' The charch of S. Marift Traniponlina vM known ander no \tm Uma Ub samca, of 
wliich Ai-mellini pvet n> nios, M followi ; /■ aapitt porlitui. in eapitt p«mlU, trmm- 
ponttia, traiHpO'tiiia, lraiupoiili»a, Iratpadlna, » Iranipomiiaa, trottpondina, »nil 
ia eoimaliit, Th» lonth, in lartirpaititia, u pvea by Si^fDorili. The eiiatiug churcb. of 
the ■uue tum«, wu biiiH on qaite * differeut iput, and nmit kuthoriliei agree tbut tha 
old ohnrch wu Dear (ha CMtle of S. Angeln, though AdiniJG tbinlu [reMoning from the 
duds) that it *«■ nearer the old bridge which no longer exijtt, and wm on the pialra 
tmtiUi mentioned in dooniDents <•( the Middle Afjee, Writen dingrm  to under ithia* 
pontiHcale the old ehurcb w» pulled down fn order to rebuild it on another lite. DonaU 
(Roma Mtiu tt i*criu, I. II, C 6, p. S71) tayi th>t it wai done by A-Ieiuider YI ; Feljni, 
in hu treatiae, p. 30, >nd Alveri {Uima I'o ogmi itato, p. 2*), think ft wa* Piui IV ; the 
annoUton of the Balinrio Vatieano gire Sixtm V; Torrigio {Gratir fatieait, p. lEI) 
■tji that it wai where the ditoh of the cattle waa In bis lime, and thai it waa palled 
down by Piua IV in Julf , lfiS4.in order to rebnild the butioaa of the InrtraM. AdinoIB 
think) that Fcliai and Alveri are prabkUy right in the tiov they take (Adinolfi. In 
porliea di S. Piitro, ouia horjo, nrlT ltd lU mrito, p. 67 ; Annellini, p. 348 ; Nibby, 
p. 4S5]. One of tbe meaiiiug* of podium given by Dueange a hill or caitle : obb the 
mMDing lraiup«ditm poenbly be the church aoroa or beyond the Caatle of S, Angelo ' 




TE SOLACE or PILQEIMES 



L 



to ]oa in largei* langage. Tlie 



g hated peole gretly be cause he fora 



oft tynie J>ei called him to counccif ' 
and bete him for hiB preching. The noumbir of his acorgingi* he telleth he? 
fyue sithia he seith. Tlie mane? he telleth eke eche lyme hud lie fonrty lacch 
saue on )iut is to sej ech tyme Kxxix. Be cause ber lawe comaunded ^t 
Jiei Bchnld not passe xl lacch and {>ei hem self wold be bald mercyful fionj ptA 
were not soo \>er[oi ^ei joue him va lasse ]>au Jie Inwe comaunded. Thas had 
J?e Beruauntis of ou? lord mech adueraite in j^ie world for whech adurrsite ]>« 
be now gretly enhannsed in heueue. 



f / or ^e cherch cleped sea maria de palma. cap uii. 

Marie de palma is a cherch in ]» hey wey as we go fro porta appU on to 
sebaatianes cherch.' This is a. praty litil cherch & a place aunexid ])frtoa 
where is comoonlj a tauerne to fie counfort of pilgriraes. Whi it is clepid 
de psima I lerned not but a mauer of gessing I haue for ]>ert left on? lord 
ibu Beint petir whan he Eeut him a geyn to rome to receyue hia deth ia 
confirmacion of cristcn feith. And be cauae conquerouris iu eld tyme wered 
J>e palme for lUctori Jjcrfor ]>e cherch applieth J>i8 langage on to martirea 
seying pat aftir lie? deth }>ei are worthi Jie palma )jat is to sey to be clepid 
uictorea aa maystires ouyr pe fleschly lustia, Sc onyrconienV of temptaciooef 
of Jie world, fie deuel, and grenous tyrauntes. Be jond pis cherch not fee 
litil mo? {lan a boweschote atswt a croese pel clepe it dwfiine quo uaJia. Tber 
met ou? lord with petir whan ho fled his martirdam.' f etir knew him weel 

' The cbarcb af S. Mul> de palma is the one h> ranillur nav ooder the uaxae of U>« 
Dtiinfni quo vfidit. It is fint nieotioiied u tbe charch ' abi Dominus apparuit', K 
kplwan to bare been known u earlj u the ninth century. Aa titBS went «D it « 
calleil dt patina, ad palaua. ad pattui, ploTifaraia, ad traiitUum, of whiob tan 
Armellini uys : ' . . , alaune dalle qiutli ti referiBcono all' appariiioiie stoHcR, litre adiuw 1 
pietr* lulU quale wno soolpite due inipreiuuai di )Hedi nelle qnaL la pietli dai palle{r 
deir eti di meuo rilrovb 1e orme tniraaulou del SalTatore. Di queata pietr* nnn (i tc 
perb alcuiu allueione H non nei Mcoli poateriori.' Finally, in the fourteenth century Ml 
wuKeneraUy knowiiuS. MkriaiM/s />aJni« or ^IPuMO, Mid thie name continued till 0»M 
dxteeatb or leventeenth century. Id the £. E. Text Society'i vol. No. SG for 18S7,p. T, J 
will be foond, in the Vernon MS, (fourtoenth ceotarj) on the Slaciont of Home 
in wbich the churob ii called the Falmalle, or foaUale. The oboich was rebuilt in IflMfl 
nnder Clement VIII, uid the Ekfode ia due to Cnniinat B«rberioi in 1637 (Armellial,! 
p. 704 1 Mamcchi, p. G15). 

' It wiU be noticed that oor chronicler diet the preoise ipot of the meeting a 
•bol'i diitance from the church, nnd that thia apot wm then marked by a ei 
called the Domiiu qao radU. It ia now marked by the small circular ohapel built byfl 
Cardinal Pole. Uuffel agree* with our author, and taya that the Gr«t altar, 1 ' 
Chriat, bearing the crOB, appeareil to Peter, ia 700 paoea &am the apot whore ] 
diaappeared, learing the mark of Hit feet OD the itone, where a church has bees b 
to record the place. Then fbllowa a earioua lo^nd about another email ohonA in t 
BeighbonihiMid : 'Item eo iat ein ca|ieUen onaer liben (rawen auoh auF dim we^ V 



( 



YE SOLACE OF PILORIMES 



16. 



and asked of him wliidir be wold goo. Onre lord soide be went to rome 
K gayn to be crucified, Thoo was putlr gretly rebukid and ou? lord soide od 
to him l^anite. Go [lou to rome a gayn. Thus walkid |jfi fro |?ftt croaae on 
to I^IB cbercb ou? lorfl and he to gidir nnd sodeynly at |iat place where ^i» 
chercb etant ou? lonl paaeid fro bim. And )iere was a ston Bumlyme in pat 
oherch kept imdyr )« nuter wher pe slsppea of on? lordis hare feet are 
impreaaid but he cause pe place it deaolat saue whan pilgrimes be }>e? })erfor 
is }iiB ston born to aeyut aebaatianes and Jier it lith in pe aacrialie men may 
■e it whan (lei wil. Criat na it aemeth was a meth ' man for pe Bt«ppi9 be 
rith large. | Here may men enqwire of me of |iiH apparicion of crist for it 
waa aftir bin ascension whejtbir bis body waa pcre or nowt, or elles an nungeH 
Bppered in his atede. | Of J'ia mate? is grete difficulte a. mongis dyuynes. Be 
fo? pe incBmncion pei sey pB.1 |>oo npparicionea we? mad be aungellea 
representyng pe p«i^one of god and doyng pe mesaage of god. Aftir pe 
incamacton pert ia no doute but |iat criat appered in his manliod niaibity 
on to aH jiat wold ee him. Be twix pti resurreiion and J>e aacencioun is seid 
also Jiat crist appered in his uery body glorificat whech body myth entro 
pnTV wait and bord & no Jiing iette it for j^nt body had pan^ and }et hatb 
pe iiii precious jiingis whecb jjci clepe doles pat is to sey subtiJite }Jat no 
pnng may hold it, agilite )>at al p'Bg may bere it, impaaaihilite ^at it may 
goffer neytbirdeth ue aeknesse, clcrnesao eke with whech pi dul undistauding 
of |iebody isauoyded. Sonpon)iiaou?doctourisput iudoute [looapparicionea 
aftir bia ascencion wheithir ^ oo wcg e * J>oo were in criatis body assumpt or 
ellia he pe ministeri of an auitgelt Bujiime hold pe o part anm ^e o))ir, but 
1 be leue/ ^at pe manbodof crist myth aftir his aecenaionn appe? on to petir f. 112 <r 
^u; it were so tiat petir say not pe godhed. If jjia posioion be ony (ting 
a geyn l^e feith or a geyn scriptu? I wil gladly reuoke it. 



porta I! 



Of )>e cbercb clepid sea fi de pplo. ca uiii. 
ie populo ia a fay? litil place' in rome fast by a gate cleped 
I on pe north side of rome whecb place is inhabit with frerei 



Suit HebutikD, ilu eiu rittpr tein waib d«in tf ufal wolt gebeii haban. dir in irych mnchen 
•olt, do itig Min weib mb dcm ruxi aniJ p«tt«t vor dem alUr unacr fnwdi nnd entKhliff, 
do ua die junckfnv Maria in d« beibi ' (Wdbt) ' getlatt hinder io uod do en dem 
toofel wolt aDtburtlcD, do Eloch der teofel and die fm ward alio erloit von dem teufel 
TDD derjanckfhLW Maria' (Maffcl, p. 39). 

' mighty, large or great in Mature. 

' Struck through and iatertiueated in MS, 

 A emaU orator; wu founded bj Pawsl II in 1093 on the nte beUeved to be Nov'* 
tomb. A larger cburoh wu built in 1337. Thii wae reitored bj Siitne IV and oompleted 
by Juliin II. Alexander VII modemiied the chnrch, and it ii now known u S. Maria 
del P<^lo (Armellini, |i. 339 ; Manicchi. p. MS : Nibbj, p, 1G9). 
y 2 




164 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



deped hennytes of Bejut austyn. The fame of Jiie place tos for jiis cause. I 
The wikkid emperou? of lome clepid aero tied many grete wrongis to ^ cita I 
for whech dedU ho bad ful grete enmyte. Thn Inst wrong he ded on to hen 
be mad hie men to sette n grete psrt of rome ou fj? sum sey \ie romanea 1 
eompleyned on to him }^t her stictea were narow and whan he had brent 1 
half rome he seid on to bem ^at Jnei hail apace I now to make her etretia 
more large. Sanime Bcy y&t he red who gi-et lamentacioD wns mad at troye 
vhan it wae on fi? and for ]>at cause he fyred rome to loke what lamentacion 
|)e puple schuld make. This dede was cause pat pe puple rooa and compelled 
pe senntouree to gader he? councell to loke what i-cmedye myth be bad a geyn 
pe wikkid desires of pia tyraunt. The cou?ice)l answerd )3at he was corsed 
u)d incorrigibil wherfor pti delemiyned j)at with grete strength pti wold 
■le him. This cam to neroes ere and he nyth be fled ou to (lis same place 
whech is clepid aca marJa de populo & yere he killid bira selue with a swcrd 
M it is openly peynted in pAt place. But oj^ir crouicles sey pat as be went 
for to hide him a moogia pa uynea and pe buwhis be herd too or thre chorles 
J»t Bote be a fyre speke of pt emperoo? and on of hem Bayde. Be my troulh 
and I wiiit wher he were I schuld sone be aikyr of him. Nero bcid ^is aud 
flout it Ecbuld be grete derogation to big name if be wer ded of a chorlya 
band pertor with a gret scharp slake he persed him self to pe bert. This 
was pe end of pe man aftir our cionicules. Many dayes aftir |>is was doo j 
pe deueles Jiat kept bis body ded mech barm at f is gate (wit pef myth no 
man erly ne late go ne entir be [jIb wey but be were gretly hurt. So in pope * 
poBcalis tyme pe puple of i-ome :7omplcyned gretly of ))is greuaans and he 
comaunded }?at J>c same puple schuld fast iii dayea and pray god to send sum 
remedy a geyn fiia tribulaciow. On pe pitil nytb ou? lady appered on to (>e i 
pope * ad seyde be must go with procession of pe puple on to pe gate on pt 
north side of rome clepid flaminea fie? in a ayne jerd schuld he fyude many j 
walnot trees and ondir pe grctteat trc of all pert schuld he fyude pe body 
of wikkid nero. Thts body sche had him be schuld take up and brenoe. | I 
pe tree schuld be dig up rote an all and where pe tree Btood make an ant«r 
r in pe worchip of hir / whecb is qween of heueue and modir to god. Thu 
pope • pascale made |ie autcr aa he was eomaundeil and gaf to pe place many 
relikes I wote weel of dyusrs seyntis pert he mo? fiat ' il eythir of her flesch 
orof her bones or clofiis or Bumofjir fling. The fayrest iewelia' jje? iaaymaga 
of on? lady depcynted of aeynt luk it is but half a ymage fro pe naule upward 
in a blew mantell rihaned with while and gold enterfcred fic uisage of it large 
»nd brood and f>e mantell jirow ouyr hir bed in hir lift hand hir child clad 
in red. There be mo ymages in rome of lukia peynting (lan fiis but fiis ia 
' t tbuL *  !■ ' itruck unt in MS. 



YE SOL-\CE OF PILGEIMES 



16< 



gretly loate.* For euery satirday comth mech pnple pUlir and {)e canlinftleB 
Aod eonrtisanes uiut ph pluce deuly not williatanding it is Dot open ne )>ei 
•B it nowt. On {)e fridny bo fn? fw fovirt hunday iu lenton f>an iB it set open 
And grete tnaltitntle of puple is ^ore at yat openyng and ao is it kept open 
on day lilh on to }jo aunday aftir pa« wljech is called in ulbiB, euery day Jjat 
tynie is ]>ere grete pres of romanes but moost on Satirduy aftir noou for be for 
noon |>ei nisit )>e saluatou? at eeynt ion lat^ronensw. Whi Jjib place ie elf ped 
»S mania de ppl5 or who ^is ymage cam in to jiat place now ecbal je here. 
In pe tyme of pr be pope • gregorie it were betir seid in tyme of |3at po;>e • 
wheel) was clepid gregorie j:ie ix fell a grole pestilens in rome for euyr whan 
deth comth to I>al cite {>ei dey with grete speed and mech wayling and crying 
is l^cre. So in pis popes tyme and in pie pestilens pe pnple of rome runne 
faool on to pe [lopea pre^ena and prayed with gret instsuns )iat he wold 
onleyne a procession and comaund |>e pople for lo prey on to god |>at JjIb 
neniannce myth seae. The pope * graunted hem her peticioun and saidi' he 
wold go wilh hem and haue a arrmonc and syng masse him selue. pe place 
of her ttacion )>at day he assigned him selue he wold haue )» stacioo he eaide 
at Y&t place of ou? lady wheeh was nealy bikkid be his predeceesou? paseale. 
And to multiple mo? deuociomt in )» puple he wold bryngo on of po ymages 
pat eeint luke depeynted and offere it and gyUB it to )>e place for eoyr. Al 
|)id promis&e rehersid was do in dede pe pestilens ceaed ]>e ymage is pe^e atJlle 
and be cauae pe pope * gaue pe ymage at instaUTice of pe puple and graunted 
eke grete pardon to pe same place at pe aame iastaunoe perhr is it clepid 
Bci maria de populo.' 



Of pe place cleped sva i!i de penis inferni. ca ix. 

There ia a place 'fast by seynt georgee entitiled eke" on to ou? lady and 
pel ctepe it ]»? aca maria de pejiis inferni . Who ^is name cam up red I ptn 

' Thii demnptioii of the minoulon* picture U kb«olutel/ correcl in cicry detJuL It !■ 
■till pmerred over the high ultu of the sharch, u>d WM origiTuUy in the ch>[<el «f the 
Buictk Skoctorum, until it wm brought here by Gregory IX u deecribeil bj our chroul- 
del. Id Mid Leot a proceialaD is fotmed ■□ the church >ad the picture ii eipoted. It 
remaiDS open to view until the Taenday follawisg the fint Snadky Kft«r Euler (in albit), 
whsa it ii iffun covered. It 1b muob blukened ivith *ge, bat there i» » good oopy (iiLI) 
behind (he faigh altftr, from which it on be etudied bettor. MulTel mentioni thij picture 
•leo, and »;■ (p. t>3, ed. Vogt): ' da Lit gtir ein aodechtii; uniier Fmwen pild, du Buid 
Idoh geouoht lut, lol ir gleich mIii.' Alio in the oldeiC Genuui Mirahitia (ebout H76) 
we find : ' Ciu nnatr liebeD Frswwi de populo. . . do iat anier Ueben Frawen pilt, hkl 8c. 
LocM genuilet.' 

'Muliel'iMoaiiiit of the FoUDiUtioD of thi* church igree* in kllparticuUn with the mbovei 
■loept that he leji, at reganb the origin nt the name : ' die capellen wtnl ganti ge|iauet 
von alletn volk niu in ein tag, nnd daruinb wutd lU geheiHcn Mmria de populo * (p. S3). 
From • M * iuterlinuted iu MS. 



I • From'to 



166 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



schortly in J>e earae cherch on |jis maner.' Ther was a drngon in rome o£ I 
f. 413 V giete quantite whech killid mech puple / and seynt BilnesUr bond him ba 
nefL \>e ground an hnndred passe & 1. & called J)at place libera dob depenia 
infemi and praunted Jwrto pnrdon si mf jere. This is wiytyn on a table 
in )»t litil cherch. Bat in ]je lif of seynt Biluester is more large talkj-ng of 
)>iB mate?. Ther fynde I wrjtyn })at aftir tyme silueater had eonuerted con- 
ataiitine and ou#rAme ]3e xii iewia Jiat heleyn brout fro letliii conaericA hem 
and heleyn eke aflir \>\s ))e biBchoppia of pe maumentia in rome came with 
a grete compleynt on to conatantin and told liim who \mt dn^OD }>8t had bo 
in a pitte many day and do but litil harm now sith conetautiu wae cristea 
bad slayn moo pan iii hundred pcrsones. Thie saide [lei to make ))e emp«r~ 
ou? be leue Jwt her goddia wore wroth for he was criaten and ia her wreth 
ded pie neuiaunce. Siluester was sent aftir and he undirtok in \>e name of 
on? lord to ordeyn remedye a geyn JjIb perel. The bischoppis of \>e temples 
whe? ydoles were worchiped promitted on to conatantin f»t if ailueeter 
ordeyn for fiia dragon he do no more harm ]jei all wil be conuerted to crist, 
Siluester nwitinued a day or too in fastyng and prayer. Thoo appered ou 
to him aeynt ]>etir and eaide )>eEe wordes. Be not a ferd siluestiV for to do 
as I shal Bcy fie. Thou and too of }u prestee goo boldly down to fie dragon 
he lith be nethe in )ie erde I hundred passe & 1. Take lith with )w and 
Trban )>ou eeeat him eey on to him j^eae wordia. Ourloiii iliii crist bora of 
a uirgine crucified and biried wheeh ros up )je jiird day fro deth and tritUth 
on pe rithand of pe fader aflirward schat come and deme Iwth (jwik and 
dede he comauTuleth ^e dragon }>at }>ou do no harm he comautideth ^ 
aathaoas [lat pan abide him here in ^is eame place on to )>at same tyme ))at 
he Bchal come to pe doom.' Whan )\)u haat said ]>ese wordes take a pned 

' 8- M«ri« lit praia in/rrni wm go the niiiae site m the thiirch of S. Muia Libentrioe, 
and wu built od ar near the ruuu of H. Maria Anliipta which hu been lo tacsutly 
excavated b the Forum. The niitence of the intemtiog ancient churcb, now bmn^t 
to light by the demotition of S. Marik Liberalrice, wm well kaown, aad the IreaoMa had 
been leea mnd described more at lesa corceotly before the demolitian wu delermined upon 
(•ae ArmeUini). Tt ii not known when the churcb of S. Maria AHlijua wa« abnudooed, 
but it i* believed to have occurred about the end of the eighth nr beginning of the nint^ 
centiuy. The more modem church vu coaitructed, aoconling to Mimccbi, in the lix* 
teenth century, and was restored by Cardinal Lante in 1617. But it seemi dear bom 
our author that a ohureb eiiated there in the firteecth century, that it vas a ttatioD 
ibiirch. and th&t there vae an inKription in it which explained the origin of the title Je 
pemU in/cmi (Annellini, p. SST ; M&rucchi, p. 2tT ; Nibby, p. 377). ' 

' Graf quotei the Storia di 8. SHveitro, ed. by Miebete Me1g«. Naples, 1869, which 
■aye that Peter ipeaks aa foltowi to S. SilveBter : ' Incontanenle che tu, Silmtni, 
giugneru alio dragone, e tu dirai cotali parole : Jeau cristo, nato della Vergine per virtb 
dnllo Spirito Santo, c quale fu crooifiaao e •opellilo, e rinacitii dalU motte ; el quale andlfc j 
in delo, e tiede dalla nunc dritta dal nio padre : el quale ven^ aella fine del mondo' J 
• giodicare e giuiti e peecatori, ri U manda, comaodando, Scttanai, el quale abita in ] 



187 

and bj^de hiB muuth Ui gidir and with it ryng }>at Iiatli a croBse graae )wrin 
foa iclialt eele ])e knot and make ol eikir. Sejnt ailuesUr ded as petir 
comsuuded aod aflir his dude cam oute Faaf and hool. Too wicchis ]>ere 
were J>at folowid silueatir in to }« pitte for to se who he woM werk and f>ei 
had be ded of ]>e blast of \>\i beest but ^at eilueBt«r prayed for hem. Thei 
too seying ))is miracle ve? turned to criet and aH pe forsaid biachoppia with 
mech o)>iT puple. Tho silucster ded stop pie hole and set ^» chercb in ]>e 
hole clepid It as we aaid be foP aiid jaue on to it £wecb indulgence aa is eke 
rebersed. 



Of pe cherch cleped sea m luxta ecolam grecorum. cu x. 

A notbir cbercb of ou? lady called bcS maria itixta acolam grecorum is 
rith in }>e weye as we go to seynt paulea or we come at )» mount aduefityn 
J>e cherch stant on J>e lift hand and bcoU grecoriM/t on pe rith hand.' This 
same /scola grecorum is a grete hye ronnd hous whech etood on white f. Ill r 
pilerea of marbilt now it ia al wallid with til for ]>e pilei-is be age ar wasted. 
In pia skole was exercise of leinyng in aH 'pe uii sciensfB for mech of oure 
lemyiig cam fro pe grekis and for fat cause ))e grekis held open skole at 
rome in her ItingBge. That f>e seucne sciens were tauto as weel iu pe greke 
tonge as in )>e latyn tonge witneesith pe lif of seyiit austyu where it is seid 
)]Bt pt same austyn hated pe grek letttris and loued po latyn. The cherch 
J)t Btant be for fis skole is dedicat on to oure lady and in )3ia cherch as we 
fynde writyn taute * s eynt thoro w of - cttO M tifhy^ * ' philoBOphie and rethorik 
to hem })at wold come. For he wua exile uii jere & in his exile he dwelled 
Bumpart at rome.' Be fore pe dore of pia cherch ataut a grete roun^ ston 

qiiMta csv>, ri debtii Mpettare di qui kUb fine del monda, e Hon detui Quocere a pinou>' 
(AoDM nelt<i taemoria, &c.. Appendix tu vol. ii, p. GSG). 

 The churcb of S. MarU iiula Seholam OraeeaM or Oraecorum, or in Conaalin, wu 
enctvd on the roiiu of ui unjianli temple of Cere* Mid other godi. IL U recorded la the 
dxth cenlary m k <fiaeoiita. The title of the ohuroh uiMe from the number of Greelt 
merchMita and eaaaieD who traded and worked in ^e vidnit; : in the eighth century the 
bank of the riier here waa called the Bipa Onuca. Adrian I rebuilt the church, and afler 
tllli It took the name of in Cotmtdin (■ derivative of toaiuTr, to adorn), a title it thared 
with S. Maria in Truntpoitlina, a church at Kaplet, and another at Ravenna. It wai 
natored in the ninth century by Nicholu I, and by Calliilue 11 in tbe twelfth. Thrse 
Popea were elected here. Gela*[i» II, Celeatine JII, and Benedict XII, antipope. The 
front wa* added by Cardinal AJUni in 1716 (ArmeUini, p. 391; Haroochi, p. 2;u ; 
NIbby, p. 367). * From 'to * itruok through in MS. 

~' 'In ecoleaia Ma marie de Bcala grecorum ubi lanctui martir Thoouu tenuit achola* 

It uplsm anni indulgencie ' {BwH. MS.. Ihgby, fol. 10). 
' At a chapal . of ure ladi. 
per held aoole teint Thoma* of Caaliirburi ' 
(E. E. Text Society. 1867. Vtraoi, and Portiitylon MS., StaeUn* of Romr, p. 23). 




YE SOLACE OF PILOEIMES 

knd Jut is mad aflir pe figure of a mannes face. This ston calle )>ei ]»re OB 
iurti. TbiB Bton wbb enchauwted Bumtyme be awich craft )>at what tnan 
cam to ]>is aton or woman and swore a trew oth iu on; mater \>nt he we? 
charged of he schuld putte Lis hand iu Jie mouth of pit ston & pulle it OQto 
eaelf . Aud if bo were }>at Ids otb were fals he Bchuld tienyr pulle cute hia 
liand with oute gret« hurt. Tberfor was ]>iB ston cleped oa iurti |k rithfiil 
mouth .' 



Of Bca m imperatrt'x de imperiali. cS xi. 

A nothir memorie of oure lad; is aa we go to latfrauensts at a corner & 

)»t is clfped imp^ratrix de imptriali })e einprresse of 'pe empii*. There ia 



a fayre jmage peynted on a wal in honou? of ou? lady whech ymsge apak 
aum tyme to a pope comaundyug biin to do hir rouereus as he ded to othir. 
The atoiy seith rith {jus. There wae a pope in rorae cleped celestinuj qm'ntua. 
This pope had so grete deuoeion in ou? lady )Jat be fore euery yniage of hir 
lie wold tary aud aey an aue maria. Thia uaed he many jeres. So in bia 
tyme was gadcred a gi-ele coujicell at seynt jon lat<rane for reforraaoiou« 
oipe cherch aud ]»b pope* rode in ainorowriyng with his breJ>nuJ)ecardinaIeB 
comownyng of certeyn materea pat were purposed iu pe connceH haayng no 
consideraciou at ]jis ymage rie doyng no renB«na jiMoo. Sche stood })an 
openly peynted on J>e wal as sche doth now bat sche was not housed as sche 
ia now. ^VhIlll pe pope * was sumwhat pasaed and goo pe ymage of ou? lady 
cried with a lowde uoys and seyde. Celeatine what offena haue I do to l>e 
^t ^u wilt nut do me pe same seruyse wbech ))ou art wont to do to all my 
aistergs. Remember p6 wel who ptre is no ymage iii my name hut )JOU wilt 
with glad clierc tary be fore it and with deuoutc ki ' sey jiere pe same wordes 

' Tliif atone wu U, one time believed to be n mn^cail work of Ver^I. knd WM called 
BoCM delU YeriCk (or the leuon given in (he text. But, aocording to the Mirabilia, it 
WM formsrly koawn u the rota, fat we find ; ' In portiau eiuadem ' (3, Maiia in CoimciUn) 
'Mt magna rota Upidea >d molae rormain, cni foniuina quinque adsuDt, quau oria, 
Darium. et osulunim, et vocuit Bocca delta Veritlt.' See Graf, Buma tuHa menioru, ka,, 
vol. ii, p. 1S9. 9ee alio article by EnUEa Lovrntelli-Ceetani in the .Vawu AnloUigia, 
tavil, 1891, pp. 1S2~9. In the MirabUia aba ocoun the ralloKiiig paetai^e : ' Ad nnolaa 
Mariun in (ontaaa templum Fauni qaod dmnlacrum locutua eat luliuin et decepit cum.' 
Thit refen to tlie itory of the widas who entrusted ber property to Julian the ApoHata, 
and wu robbed by hiin. She demanded that Juliu thould be (worn in prcMBoe at 
an idol (be had f<.UDd in the Tiber, an image of Mercury. When Julian, by order of t^ 
Pope (whose ebaplkin hf> wu I), introduoBa hia band into the moath of the idol aad 
■weuB, hii hand it canght in the cloaiDg moutb, >nd hi> gnilt thereby provad (Gia( 
vol. ii, pp. 13S xiq.). ' Una pietra tonda m modo di nuoina con imo vieuintagliatovi denliv 
obe li chiams U lapida della verltA, che anticaniente STera virtd di mostrare quaodo una 
dotua aveaei fntto fklla al (do maritn' (Rueellni, It OtabiUo delf a»%o tanto HBO, 
Archiv. St. Pal., 1881, vol. iv. faK. iv, p. 680). 

* ' U ' itruck throngh in MS. 



YE SOLACE OF PILGUIMES 169 

vliecli gaLricl saide to me. The pope * was al aatoyned ileeceuded of hia hors 
kneled down deuoutly bu fore )k yuitige mckcly aekcd (aTgytneBse and deuly 
■aide/ljereswecli orison na lie used. Tbo named lie ]>h place ad 5555 mariain f. *li v 
imp«nttric«m do inij^^iali ))e place of scyot ti 
He graunted eke to ail {too |)iit uisite j^is place 
n hundred.' 



iri empcreBse of \>e empire. 
vitli deuocion a m) jere and 



Of J)6 cheroh cleped eca ffi de <;ortaolacione. oa xu 

There is a nofiir litil cherch fast by ]>e capttol entitiled on to on? lady 
whech f>ei clepe Bca maria de consolacione." In ]>is ctierch as it is eeid seyut 
bernard need mech to aey his dutes both seruyse dyuyue and uolunlarie 
deuociouea. He wold eke wayte him tyme whan he myth solitarie knele 
be fore l:>is yraage and luke ]>erau fan wolde he with grete deuocion haue his 
meditaciones be bim Eelf. Aftir grete cnstom of ^is noble exercise upon a day 
he kneled and lokid on yie ymage. And saide be fore hir pis yinpne. Aue 
marie atella and whan he earn at pie uers Monstra te esse tnatrem sodeynly 
be gret myracle pe ymage put hir baud on to hir lireent and )jrist hir breeat 
M )>at too or thre dropes of mylk sprang ia bemardis lace. More fynde 
I not of ))is place.' 

* The church of S. Mkrik Imptralrix hM sntirely dUtppearad. In a note (p. 186) 
Nicholi uy«: -8. Gregory >■ Mariio fa idenUfied with the little chapel of S. Muia 
Imperatrice, which Intel; eiiated ia ths gutlcn of the Engljah uulplor Wvnngtoii Wood, 
at the Villk Ckmpuw, in the >tigle betoeea the Via S, Gioraniii Ltterano and th« Via 
89. Qaattro.' This agrws eiaotly with the poution deecribed in the MS. ArmeUinl 
glios the ofne indicBlion of it* eiiateDoe in the Villa Cunpana (now built over), and 
addf that Mellini cead, in an Inwription, > legend stating that the image of thn Virgin 
had miracalaiuly ipoken to S. Gregory (not to S, Celeitine). In another place (p. 447) 
he iaj» that the image wa« ttanif erred to 8. Maria delle Grade, a Bmall oiatorjr attached 
to the Lateran Hofpital (NichoU, MarteU of Some, p. 165, n. SG3 ; Armellini. pp. saS| 
417). In the Churah of SS. Coaniai and Dauiian therv U B written tablet connecting 
Ihr miracle with H. Gregory ; Maruochi, in the index of Iii« bonk (p. 513), uys that it 
happened to 8. Gn^ory. There is no meDtion of the oocuireooe in the article on H, Cele*- 
tine in Sladler*! Hnlif/tntraikon. ' Item tb lant MarcoUiiio Ijrgt hintei unier fkvwen 
capall keyierin im wiugaiteo' [Kin BllciUn, .Slrawburg, 1500, p. E liii B.M, p. E lU T, 
Bodleian oop;). See aln Mufiel, p. IS ; alw cf. AdinoUi, voL i, pp. 218, SOS. 

* Out author nan hardly be referring to the church mow called 8. Maria delta Conmta- 
lioiie, Inaimnch aa Armellini and Mamcohi agree that it «u built in 1470. There VM, 
howeier, a niiraculoui picture of the Virgin in the Vicui Jugariui, in the portico of tha 
granariea of the Mattel. Whether there waa an ontory or not, ia not quite ctrai in 
Bruaio'i narration, a* ijuoted by Anueltini (Annellini, p. 383; Maraccht, Appendix, 

p. fiia). 

* Thii atory of S. Bernard ia found in ctironiclea of hia Onlcr, but, aa Stadler aay>, each 
aceount* can only he aiuepted aa legendary. It wu beliered in the Middle A^ that the 
aaint owed hia boneyed eloquence to hia having drunk Trom the Blewed Virgio's bicaet 

(Stadlar, a*ilig»uUtilto»). 



YE SOLACE OF PILGRIMES 



Of ])at cherch clepid tea n 



a m portica. cap xui. 



A no))ir place ]>cre is conaecrato to oq? ladi wheub |jei clepe fiSa maria la 
portieu seint inary in |)e porcl." In f)is place dwelled sumtjme a worthi 
woman called galln. Sjn^cui a giet lord ot rorae was bir fader. Sche leued 
Id f>e tynie of pe firat pope )jat hith jou oud in fie dnycB of ]>o emp«rou? 
iufitiniane wbech was juetines son. This woinaH aftir \)o deth of hir fader 
was endewyd with grete richeeHe and spent )»o goodea left on to hir in noble 
uses prtueipaly to )ie worchip of god. Scho hir selue eke leued in gret oon- 
templacioun comitliiig |>e goutraauna of bir houahold on to Lir seruauntia, , 
Up on a day aa ache aat at mete on of hir maydcnea went to fie scler for to 
fech wyn and sodeynly up on a pile? whech bo? np J'e boua ache sey a grete 
britbueaac and in \)e myddia of pia litb a fai? ymage of our lady. The mayda 
Bore aatoyned van in to hir lady and told hir of j^ie menieloua sith. Sche 
roB with gret hast and loked J;e lith aej acbe wel but ymage ache sey uon. 
Hir couMceH gane hir Jiia reed that to |ie byschop' Bchuld she goo and telle 
hiiD pleynly ]>ia )?iiig newly fallen. So to ]>c paleys lat*raneiiei« sclje golli 
for pere by Ipe byschop' {Janno )>ere told ecbe him of })is apparicion deaired 
of him he schuld eome fiidir him aelue. The byschop ' conaeutcd to h 
Be wold first he aeid hauG bia confessou? and dispoae bim to swech heuenelj 
Bitia. He counceled hir eke to do }<e Bamc and jiis do he feid streit he wil i 
go with hir. Tliei cam horn on to galla houB uout alone ' with cardinalea 
patn'arkes and biscboppis with ye senatourea and mech puptc of rome. 
"Whan J>ei we? J?er« ... * 



Caetera desnut. 



 The church of S. Maria ih Parliea ii bIbo culled S. QaiU, faaiing been foundei] by 
8. QftJU, daughter of Syoimachu*, mentioned by S. Gregory in his Dialo-j¥*i [lib. IV, 
exiil). It was cocgecrated bj S. John J in the time or Theodoric The portico from 
which it takea ile oognomen «u known Id the Middle A^es by the nune of Ibe Porlicut 
Oalialonim. The church wm rebailt by Gregory VII (Uildeliruid) in the year 1078, 
>ltd wu reatored b; the Odescatchi family in the eighteenth century. The miraouloui 
fr«*M wa* remoTed by AJexander Til to the church of S, Maria tn CaiapileUi, with 
which thii church muat not be ocnfuied (Armellini, p. S60 ; NJLbj, p. 3fi7 ; Mftmocbi, 
Appendix, p. 606). 

' ' pope ' erased, ' byachop ' aubetitiited id another hand in M9. J 

' < but ' in mai^n of M3. I 

' S. Galla wu the daughter of Symmachni, who, together w]th Boethiiu, WM eK*ent«4 4 
daring Theodoric'i reign. She wu widowed ibortly after her marriage, and FulgentiDf ' 
Baapeneit addrenud bis letter da itatti tiduarum to her. After the miroculoui apptrition 
oftheBlesaedVirginaheoanverted her house intoaohurch. Bhe then retired to a cell on the 
Vatican, and gave all her wealth to the poor. She bore with patience great suffering, dna 
lo an incurable diaeaae; and, after a life of charity and piety, died about the middle of thf 
•Ixth ceutary (Stadler, StiligtnUsikoit ; Aala Saimtontnt, Oolober, vol. iii, p. 117). 





INDEX 


^H 


A. 


Aleiaader, pope, graate in- 


AnaitaHias IV, pope, p. 16S ^^^^^^H 


dulgence at K PeteHi, p. 63. 


note ^^^^^^1 


AbMuk, p. 127. 


A]e;ian<]er. pope, p. 108 ; corea 




Abdnn and Sennen, martyrg, 


Batbioa and converta Quiri- 


p. ^^^^^^^^H 




na., p. 108. 


Anoliua (or Anthna'i Mannna ^^^^^^^^^^^H 


p. 1 Ifl ; brought before Beosle, 


Aleiander I, poj^, imprijoned. 






p. S8 and note 2; miracu- 


Latioa, p. 13 : annexe, the ^^^^^^H 


|.. 116. 


li.uilydeliTere<1,p. 98 ; beols 


^^^^^^^^H 


Abel, p. 128, p. 180. 
Abnkftni, p. 128, p. 160. 


bi> jailer'i daughter, p. fi8, 


Aneona, p. 145 note ^^^^^^^M 


p. 108 note 1. 


Angoye a Anjou), p. ^^^^^^B 


Aodius, p. e note 1 ; the poet 


Alexander III, pope, p. 17 


AnguiUa S. Petri, p. 17, p. 33 ^^^^^^^H 


■nil J. C>eHr, p. 25. 




and note 1 ; bidgbt of. p. 23 ^^^^^^^H 


AciliuH, M., COMUI, p. 13* 


Alerander IV, pope, p. 80 


Caeaar liacied in ball on lum- ^^^^^^^H 


note 2. 


note 1, p. 118 notes. 


thereof, p. 23 inMrip- ^^^^^^^^^^^| 


Acquedotto 8«b»ttmo, p. 47 


Alexander V[, pope, p. 4S 


tion on, p. 23 and Dote ^^^^^^^^H 


uotel. 


note 3, p. 83 note 2. p. 134 


p. ^^^^^^^H 


Aclum, p. 163, p. 160. 


note3. p. lOlnoteS. 


AnonymuB MaglUbeoohianoa, ^^^^^^^H 


Ad aquai gradatai, v. 1S7 knd 


Alexander Til. pope, p. 109 


47 note ^^^^^^^H 


nol«l, |Cl38. 


note 2, », 141 note 1, p. 163 


Anthcmiu>Scribo,p.lOenatel. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


Ad luuam, p. Uaote I. 


note 8, p. 170 note 1. 


Anthony, emp-rur, eucceeda ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


A'lriani Uiaplum (Cmrtel 8. 


Alexander, Htnator of Con- 


Macrinua, p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


Ar«do), p. 12. 


■tantioople, p. 60 ; butids 


p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 




oratory at Jernsalem to B. 


Antioch, Chorch of, older than ^^^^^^^H 


of, p. 20, p. 130 nolo 1. 


Stepben, p. SO; diea and is 
buned, p, 80. 


KoDie, p. 60 ; hiitor? of, p. ^^^^^^^H 


Aegeft, p. 122 note 1. 


p. note p. 110 note ^^^^^^^H 


Africa, p. ISS. 


Alexander Sevenu, emperor. 


note p. ^^^^^^^H 


Africuiu,  writer in Gur- 


a Chriilian, conqnen Xerxea, 


Antonine, emperor, bridge of, ^^^^^^^^^^^^^| 


diftn'* reicn, p. 6i. 
AfHcuiu*, btber at 8. SoJ*- 


hii anih, p. IS, p. 41 note 1, 


p. areh p. ^^^^^^^^^^M 


p. 68, p. 6B note 1. p. 101 




riiw, p. 103 «mI note 2. 


notel, p. 110not«3. 


60 note ^^^^^^^^^^H 


A(^petua oooTerU Jiutini&D, 


Aleiander the Groat and 


Apocrypha, p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


p. 68. 




>ee p. 85 ^^^^^^^^H 


Ajiftpitua, deaoon, p. 130. 


p. 101 note 1. 


origin of name, p. p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


Agkths, oemctcTj of, p. 30. 


Alexander the Great. King of 


note 1 : temple of, p. ^^^^^^^^^^M 


Agnello, of Ravenna, p. 70 


MacadoD, p. 18 ; receiree the 


pp. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


MtOl, 


deatruT Athens, p. 81 ; pre- 
vented by Anaiimenei, p. SI, 


p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


Agrippina. p. 43 aott S. 


Api«ua Claodiul, buildi Porta ^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


AgTo Verano, oemetery of, p. 
20 ; St. Lawrence'. Church 


p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


p. 141. 


Approvyan, a knight of Rome, ^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


then, p. SO, p. 62 note 2, 


Algieii. p. llOnotel. 


p. ^^^^^^^^H 


p. 114. 


Almacbia. p. 47 bote 2. 


Aprordan. p- 86 notel. ^^^^^^^^H 


Ahuuenu, p. 28. 


AlU Semita. p 43 note 1. 


p. 135 note 2. ^^^^^^M 




Altan in S. I'eter-i, p. 03 and 


A<i<ta Crabra,ot Dannata, p. 9 ^^^^^^^^H 


reign of, p. 6. 


note 3. 


^^^^^^^^^1 


Alaric bis invaMon, p. 67. 


AinbiuH'i Ejamtron, p. 39- 


Aqueduct, enrioDi remark ^^^^^^^^^^^| 




AmelUCor Emilia), p.lnole 2. 
AiniliuB, King of the Latin., 
p. 1; kiO by Bomulu., 


p. ^^^^^1 


Bomulu* to Rome, p. 6. 


Aquila,pp.lSS-7.p.I19liote4. ^^^^^^H 


AlUni, cardinal, p. 167 noUI. 


Aquileia, p. 100 note 1, p. 188 ^^^^^^H 


Albany, king of. p. 4. 


p. 6. 


note ^ 138 not. ^^^^^H 


Alb«M..p. 107noteS. 
Albola, old oatne of Tiber, 


AmphitbealrfB, p. 17 : ampii- 




Ihealram CatlrenK, p. 70 




p. « : Uttle of, p. 33. 


note 1. 


and Beapidu*. p. ^^^^^^^H 


Aluuln. p. 67 Dole 2. 


Amnliut, p. 4 and note 2. 


Aquitaine, p. S7 note 1. ^^^^^^^H 




AmyMCr ADiieBii).p. 1S8. 


Arabia, p. ^^^^^^H 
Ara Cell, deMviption of. p. S» ^^^^^^^H 


p. 134 note 3. 




Alet, in Bnrgnndj, Peter, 


a™ Cell, p. 12, p. 61 note I, 


Octavian meeta aibyUt, p. ^^^^^^^H 


biiihop of, p. SB and note 1. 


p. 66 note 2. p- 101. 


bi> viiion p. 40 altar ^^^^^^^M 
erected, p. 1 1 ; uwcifpUoa of, ^^^^^^^H 


Alexander, de rutlurU rcrum. 




p. 37 note 1. 


AnaataaluB II, emperor, p. ES 
22 


p. 11; ftepi of, p. 42, p. 158. ^^^^^^^H 



172 

Aroadius and Honorioi, em- 
penm, p. S7, p. 66 nota 2. 

Anh, of Aleiuuter Sevenia, 
p. 18 ; — , of Antonine, p. 18 ; 
— , ofGallitnas and Salon'mn, 
p. 10 note 3 ; — , of the 
Udlden Bread, p. IB; — , of 
the Huid of fleib, p. 18 ; — , 
of Noe (the Cutaiiuaoc«'i, p. 3 
Dot« 2 ; — , uf Oclavum, 
p, le : — . of Piety, p, 19 and 
note 1 ; — , of PriKDi Tw- 
quiniaa, p. 4B ; — , of the 
SeDaton, p. 19; — , of Tlieo- 
dadUB, YalenCliuan, and Gn- 
tian, |ip. 18-18; —, «f Titos 
and Veapasian, p. 19 ; — , of 
Trinmph, p. 18 ; — , (lainted 
with the itory of the Domiiie 
quo tatUi, p. 21. 

Arehemia, danghler of Vio- 
Gletian,i).ISB; killed, p. 1 3D. 

Archomiui, p. 113, p. ll'l, 

Aichea of liome, the, p. 20 

Archipretbyteralu de, title of 
ChuKli of S. Apallinare, p. 1 12 

Arco di Oro (or Anrea], p. 3 

Arenarium, p. 114. 
Areizo, p, 149 note 4. 
Ariiu, hi* death, p. 5fl. 
Aries, p. 68 note 1. 
Araolfo, p. lOS note 1. 
Amolfo dl Cambio, p. 109 

Arnulph, empemr, p. SO. 

Arthemia, daogliter of Dio- 
cletian, p. 1S8 note 3. 

Arvogia, p. 47 and note 2. 

AabeatoD, p. 107 note S. 

Aiclihanien,voD,JohaBn Gott- 
fried, Prince-Biahop of Bam- 
berg, p. 42 Dote 3. 

Atganu, Kint! of Ediua, p. 

). 145, 



Aorslian. i 



aperor, his perae- 



Aurelian, betrothed to Flaria 
Domitilla, p. 1 4S.p. 149 note 2 , 

Anlhor, write* work called 
Coaconlia, p. 82: WM an 
Austin friar, p, 92 and note i. 

Arenlinas, King of Albnny, 
p. 4 ; bnitdi oity on Avcntine, 
p. 4. 

Avignon, p. 132 bote 1. 



Babylon, p. 139. 
Balam, a prophet, p. 168. 
Bamberg, p. 42 note 3. 
Barabbaa, an Arian, sudden 
death of, p. 57- 
Barberini, cardinal, p. 163 

Barbo, Cardinal Marco, p. 107 



Bari, I 



135 □ 



Asia, conquered, p, 4 

p. 168. 
Athenaig, p. 87 note 1. 
Athens, saved by Anaiinienes, 

p. 31, p. 71 note 2, p. lis. 
Atrium of S. Pett-r's, p. 48 

Atticus. the patrisroh, p. 87 

UI>1« 1. 
Aadifai, p. 127. 
Aognstine, the second, Hugo 

de Ht. VIotor describwl as, 

p. SO note 1. 
AugiutinUn convent of S. Try- 

phon, p. 82 note 1. 
Augnatinus, de Buma, p. 93 

and note 2. 
Augustas, p. 20 note I ; mauso- 
leum of, p. 42 and nnte 3 ; 

deriTation of word, p. 43. 



Baronio, cardinal, p. 148 note 3. 

Baronina, p. 109 note I. 

BaroDUS, p. 41 note 1. 

BasiUaus, p. 122 note 1 ; nuns 
of order, p. 1S9 note 1. 

Basilica, ad Corpus, p. SO 
notel ; — ,Apastolnram,p. 07 
note 3 ; — , Eudoiiara, p. m 
note 1 ; — , Qeleniamt, p. 73 
notel ; — .Uajor.p.SOaotel; 
— , &, Marlae sd Praesepe, 
p. 83 note 2 ; — , Seaaoriana, 
p. 7S note 1 1 — , Sioiniana, 
p. 83 note 2; — , UIpia,p. 49 
uote2. 



I, Vincent de, p. 77 



Bede, p. G8, p, 126 note 1. 

Belial, p. Gl note 2. 

Belinat and Brennos, king* of 

England, p. 28 and note 3 ; 

former driven out of EngLuid 

becomes Duke of Brittany, 

p. 23 note 3. 
Bells, the first ever made are 

at 9. John Lateran, p. 74. 
Belphegor, p. B 1 note 2, 
Uenedict Il,pope, p. 122 note 3, 

p. 168 nnte 1. 
Benedict III. pope, p. 11 note B, 

Benedict VII, pope, p. 76 
note 1, p. 77 note 2. 
Benedict XII, anlipope, p. 187 

Benedict XIII, pope, p. 110 



Benedict XIV, pope, p. 66 
note 2, p. 7S note 1, p. B3 
note 2, p. 113 note 3. p. 143 

note 1. 
Benedictines, p. 42 note 1 : M 

8. Fauri,p. 66, p. 145 note 3. 
Benedictue, father of S. Har- 

cellus, p. Ill note 1. 
Benno, cardinal, p. 77 note 3. 
Bcrengaria, of Franco, eaa- 

dumned fur heresy, p. 50. 
Berengarius I, emperor, p. S9( 

— , II, emperor, p. 5S ;  

III, emperor, p. 50. 
Berenice (S. Vcrmiea), p> 

note I. 
Berillua, p. 86. 
Bethlehem, p. 15S. 
Bias, p. 44 and note 3. 
Bible of S. Jerome, p. 67 a 

note 2. 
Biennina, p. 41 and note 3. 
Bishop of Jerusalem, p. 60. 
Bithjoia, p. 126 note 1. 
B1aDok,Stephanua,p.48iiot«S. J 
flocRi delta VtrilH, p ■"" ' 

and note 1. 
Boetliios, p. 45, p. 170 u 
Bollandists, the, p. 68 Bat* 1 

p. 139 note 8, p. 143 note S. ] 
Botlario ValUano. i " -' 



Bonaventura, de tita Cirisli, 

p. 162. 
BonifJMe III, pope. p. 157. 
Boniface IV, pupe,p.SS note I, 

p. G8, p. 61, p. 134 note 3, 

p. 140, p. 1G7 and sot* 1, 

p, 168. 
Boniface VIII, pope, p. 71 

note 1, p. 87 note 4, p. 101 

□ate 2, p. 116 note S. 
Borghese, Cardinal Soiino, p.6J 
"' 1, p. 1»7 



Bosio, 



. 21 1 



>oM 1, p. 1S7 

:)ti) 3, p. IW ^^J 

;6 note 1. ^^^1 

107 nate«..^^^H 
p. ^^M 

lioj.ameamir^ 1 



Bosphoraa, p. 126 
Bo wet, Henry, p. 107 note 4, 
Boys (t Boethius), p. 4S. 
Brache ( -^ Braooio), a mt 

i yard long, nnd in IMI7, 

p. 1E2. 
Bramante, p. 81 nOt« 1, p. 101 

note 2, p. 128 note 8. 
Braxen tablets uf Borne, 

with Jews on, p. 49. 
Brennun (if Belinns), 

Milan and Pavla, 

Romans and eapturai 

eicept Capital, p. 28 

large raosoni, p. 28. 
BretMia, Church of S. Peter 



Bridge* of Itonie (te Puiu 

p. 18 nuM 1. 
BritiuD, p. 2S Dot« S. 
Brieunj, p. SS note 3. 
Brunellwchi, Filippo, p. SS 

note 3. 
Brutui, kills CaeMT. p. 3G. 
Brui<o, p. lea note 2. 
Buhlini, hia plmn of Itom*. 

p. 11 note e. 
Bjouitiuni, p. 12S doIb I. 
Bjauniu., p. 90 DoW 1. 

C. 

Cftballui, description of. p. 20 ; 
the womui wound jibout with 
a serpent, p. 29 >ad note ti, 
p. 30 note 2,- eipUjution of 
sune, p, 31. 

Cmwt. S« JaliuB Cmmt, 

CKetani  Lovatulli, Countess 
Enilift, p. 1S8 nolo 1. 

Caiaphu, his proijhec;, p. 27. 

Cwn. p. 129, p. 160. 

CiUlixtus, pope, p. 53. 

Cnlliitai, synod againit, p. 131 
note 8. 

Calliilna II, pope, p. Ul note 

1, p. 187 note 1. 
CalliituB III, pope, p. 149 

Camariaos. p. 6. 

Cametarius, p. 1<4 note 1. 

Camese, p. 3 note 4. 

Campania, p. 14S. 

Catnpaniaufr, p. 6. 

Campfloor {Cainpo dei Fiori), 
p. 138. 

Cancelleria, palace of, p. 123 
note 2. 

Candidui, p. 121. 

Cane (Caen), p. 145. 

Catmapara, p. 17 note 4. 
. Canteriini;, p. 83 note 1. 

CantharDi.desmpttanof, p. 40 
and note 8, p. 47 note I. 

CapliargBinaU. p. 60. 

Cap itol .descri ptionoF,pp.2a-7; 
great wealth in. p. 37 ; origin 
of nune, p. 3fl note 1, p. 36 
note 1, p. 42 note 1, p. SI note 

2, p. lie, p. IS4 note 3, p. isa. 
Capitoline M oaeuin .p,20 note B . 
Cappadocia, p. 88 note 3, p. 88. 
Caiaffa, Cardinal Dioniede, 

p. 131 note 3. 

Cardinab, ord^ned lint by 
S. Marcelliu, p. 141; atflnt 
at littleimportiiDcie or dignity, 
p. 141; coostitution of College 
and Hat of same, pp. 141-2. 

Carillo, cardinal, p. 126 iiote2, 

Carinoa, emperor, p. C6. 

Carmel. p. 131. 

Carmslitea, p. 181. 

Carniral at Botnct tba, p. SI 
note a. 



Carolinffian Bible, p. 07 nr 
Carpophorus, p. 127, p. 



138 



Cartagena, p. 38 note 3. 
Carthage, p. ISS note 1. 
Canius, kills Ccaar. p. 2G. 
Castel 8. Angelo, p. 13 and 

note 1; miracle at, p. 13, p. 47, 

p. 61, p. 101 note 3. 
'Caatelle Angnglall', mauao- 

leiiin of Augustas, p. 43. 
Cn>(«(Jtim.iiinMiin,p.28notel. 
Culle of CreacentiuB, p. IS. 
Castorius, p. 137- 
Castra pHregrinorum, p. 104 

note 3. 
Catacomb*, p. 8, p. 17, p, 18, 

p. 30 : discovery of Priwdla C. 

in 1G90, p. 21 note 2, p. 22 ; 

meaning of word, p. 69 ; con- 
nexion of with neighbouring 

roaeella, p. 69. 
Catacombs of S. Oalliitua, p. 

109 note 1, p. 110, p. 120 

Cataline, p. 17:palaceof, p. 17. 
Catholion, name for diction- 
ary in Middle Ages, p. 34 and 



ding 



thoil 



p. S4. 
Catu, his aohool (achola Grae- 

corum). p. 17, p. 4B. 
CatuB, p. 1B9 note 1, 
Celnnenae*, summoned by Ro- 

Celeatine I. pope, p. B6 note 1. 
Celeatine III, pojie. p- 123 note 

3, p. 1S7 note I. 
Celeatine V, pope, p. 1S8, p. 

169 note 1. 
Celienne, keeper of Caelian 

hill, p. 16. 
Celaus, martyr, p. 102. 
Cemeteries, p. 20. {Sir Cyme- 

tery.) 
Cemetery of S. Calliitua, p. 8, 

p. OS and note 1 ; description 

of, p. 63; S. Peter'  chapel in, 

p. 60; fiirty-six popes nud 

S. Cecilia buried there, p. 

69 : great pardon of, p. 69 ; 

reasons for making it, p. 69, 

p. 120 note 1. 
Centaur*, p. 144; one caught 

and brought to Alexander the 

Great, p. 144. 
Cer«k and Tellus, temple of, 

p. 17 note i; — .temple of, 

p. 167 noU 1. 
Cnains of & Peter, brought to 

Rome, p. S7; miiaouloualy 

joined to Roman chain, p. 98, 
Chaleedon, Cnunml of, p. 57. 
Chalcideitp. lS9notel. 
Chapter*, of Part L p. 3 ; — , of 

Part II, pp. las-e. 



173 

Charlemagne, emperor, p. 99, 

p. 37 note 2; Ukea part of 

nail used at Cruoifiiion from 

aCroce, p. 77, p. 147 note 3. 
Charles II, the Bald, emperor, 

p. S9, 
Charles in, the Fat, emperor, 

p. 59. 
Charterhouse, monks of the, 

p. 83. 
Cheraon (or Tenwn), p. 133. 
Chiarainnnle GiJIory, of the 

Vatican, p. 74 note 3. 
Chioheley, Henry, cardinal, 

p. 107 note i. 
Chilon, p. 14 and note 3. 
Choxroe, King of Persia, killed, 

p. £8. 
Chrysogonua, biabup, p. 99. 

Ciurehri. 
S. Adrian, p. 31, p. 148 note 3. 
S. Agnea(>A]uieiB'), p. Hand 

note3, p. 76; ward of, p. 1 1 4. 
S. Alexis, p. 46 note 2. 
S. Anaataaia, p.l3.pp.98'ID0 

and note 1, p. 100. 
8. Andrew, p. 89 note 1; 

monastery of, ib. 
S. Angelo, portico at, p. 26 note 

4 ; — , bridge of, p. 13 note 1 , 

p.47note2: — ,caatteaf,p,13 

note 1, p. 161 note 3. 
S. Anthony, p. 86. 
S. Apollinaris, p. 20, p. 142 and 

note 1. 
SS. Apoatoli,regionof, p. i 8 note 

4, p. 102 and nutea 3 ami 4. 
8. Ballrina, p. 107 and note 3, 

p. 129. 
S. Bartholomew, p. 131 note 2. 
8. Badliua, p. 49 note 8, 
8. BiUana, p, 30 and note S. 
S. Boniface, on Mans Canalia, 

p. 16 and note 1. 
8^, Calliilns and Julius, old 

name of S. Mary in Traio- 

tiber, p. 1 1 1 note I ; Cemetery 



p. 69, p. 09 note 1, p. llu 

note 1, p. 134 note 1. 
8. Catenna ai Funari, p. 23 

note 1. 
S. Cecilia, p. 109 and note 1. 
S. Celao and GEuliano, near 

arch of Aleiaoder Severua, 

p. IB and notes, p. 18 note 4. 
8. Chrysc^Tinua, p. 109, p. 137 

and note I ; relict therein, 

p. 137, p. 138 note 1. 
B. Ciriacus. p. 138 and note 8 ; 

a small deaulale place, p. 138 ; 

cardinal of, attached to 

S. Haiy Hajor, p. 138; rite 

iHaeovend in 1874, p. 138 

note S ; al)un:h abandoned in 

Bxteeuth oentoiy, ib. 



S. Clement, p. 74 note S, p. lt)S 
and Data 1 ; Cuuncil ot 417 
lie1dU)ere,ib.,p. 107 note 1. 

SS. Cosmo >nd OuhUd, p. 63 
note 2, p. 120 uid note 2; 
buUt b; Felix IV, p. 120 
note 3; kUo called tn lilite 
and <n friboa /all's, p, 120 
note a, p. lOB note 1. 

S. ConetantiB, p. 1 1 and note 2. 

5. CrocB, p, 76 and note 1 ; 
built bj Constantia, p. 70 : 
relict therein, p. 76 1 cLapel 
of S. Belena, p. 77 ; women 
on I J allowed tbereio on 
March 30, p. 77 ; r«i»D why, 
p. 77 ; lei^d of Pope Sjl- 
yeetez Il'a Ma», p. 77 and 
nnte 2 ; Pawitui play beld on 
Oood Friday outiide churcb, 
p. 79. 

6, DionyBiDi (titer iftiiii Aorfof 



of, p. 1139 and note 2. 
H. EuwbiBt, p. 133 and note 3 ; 

Hem; BeHufurt, cardinal, 

preKnUoraamenUto church, 

p. 133. 
H. Felix in Pincig, p. 11 and 

S. George, p. 21, p. 87 and 

note 4, p. 187, p. 140 note 3, 

p. 16S. 
S.Qregor;, p.SOnolel, p. 133 

noteS; monwtflry of, p, 13, 

p. 44, p. 4S. 
S. Grecoiy in Martio, name 

furS.Har; Imperatrii, p. 169 

8. Helen, p. 20 : altar of, at 

Ara Celi, p. 41 note 2. 
Holy Sepulchre at Jerinalem, 

p. 94 note 1. 
S. J ames del Portico, or Scoiea- 

cavalli, p. 25 and note 3. 
a. JamoiMiiGale*', p. 67. 
S, J ohn Baptift, of the Genoese , 

p. lOB note 2. 
a. John EvangeliBt, chapel of 



p. 18 note 4. 

a John in Fonte, p. 103 note 3. 

S, John ad laiiiealam, p. S 
note 3. 

a. John LAteran, p. 33 note 1, 
p. S6 note 1 1 chapel oil^avcta 
Saacto'um.p. SO note 1, p. 4S ; 
treaiures given by Con»t»n- 
tine, p. SO, p. 63 note 1; 
detcription of, p. 7 1 and note 1 ; 
a. Gregorj'i library, p. 71; 
the baptistery, p. 71 ; chspet 
of a. John B^tiit closed to 
women, p. 71 ; ohapel of 
H. Mary of the Ring, p. 72 i 



INDEX 

Conitandne's council cham- 
ber,p.72; miracle of crooifit, 
p. 72 : description of the 
chimih, p. 73 : heads of 
88. Fetor and Paid shown, 
p. 78 and note 1; Hiram'a 
pillare. p. 73; relics, p. 73; 
hall where 8. John preached, 
p. 74; S. Greeorys pulpit, 
p. 74 ; thecloiBter,p. 74 ; the 
eeda ilercoraria and legend 
of Pope Joan, p. 74 ; the 
SuaU Santa, p. 75; chapel 
above forbidden to women, 
p. 76; our SaTioor's cfaapal 
and the Votto Santo, p. 76, 
p. 76 note 1, p. 77 note 2; 
station at, p. !)4 ; ranks a> 
first church in the world, 
[lopea crowned there, p, 04; 
Conatantine's palace and r«- 
Mgned by bim to 8. Silveeter, 
p. 94, p. 126, p. 145 note 2; 
station and proceaaion on 
Palm Sanday,p. 146 ; another 
station at, p. 151 ; relic of the 
board of the boly maunde, 
pp. 151-2 : aUtion nt, p. 154 ; 
the 'lepulchre' there, p. 154, 
p. 16S ; Council at, p. 168. 

a. John at the Latin Gate, 
p. 14S and note 2 ; chapel of 
a. John i'nDl>o,p.l4G ; church 
practically deserted, p. 115 ; 
bote under altar for peiuteuti 
to creep through, p. 145. 

S.S. John and Paul, pp. 69-90 
and note 1, p. SO. 

8. Julian, p. 20 and note 3. 

S. Laarencei'n Z)ii'Rasro,p.lS, 
p. 128 and note 1 ; deriva^n 
of name of church, pp. 12S-8, 
p. 129 note 2. 

a. Laurence /uon, outside the 
Walls, p. 20, p. 79 ; descrip- 
tion of, p. 60 and note 1 ; 
Sa. LaureuM and Stephen 
bnried there, p. 80 ; transla- 
tion of S. Stephen, p. 60 sq. ; 
lilt of other nint* buried 
there, pp. 81-2 ; relics and in- 
dulj(ences, pp. 82^1 station, 
p. 114. 

8. Idurence In Ludna, p. 19, 
p.82note4,p.l22andnole3; 
«te belonged to 8. Lucioa, 
p. 122. 

S. Laurence in Panispema, 
p. 17, p. 101 ; derivation of 
name, p. 101 and note 2 ; also 
called in Fonuoneu or For- 

8. LonnKO del Mont, Catalan 
monastery of, p. 140 note 3. 

aa. Marcelliaus and Peter, 
p. 17, p. 113 and note 3, p. 1S9 



a. Marcellas, p. 140 and note 1^ 
near the eolumpiia of M. An- ' 
reliuB, p. 140 1 orientation of '' 
church changed byaanaovino, 
p. 140 note J. 

a. Mark, p. 19, p. IIG not* 2 ; 
also called de Palladne, lb. 

a. Mark's, Venice, p. ISO 

S. Itlartin ia JfonCibiw, p. 131 
and note 3: dedicated to 8. 
Martin of Tours and a 8" 
vnter, or perhaps to 8. Mi 
tin, pope, p. 131 nol« 1 ; Sy- 
nod of 324, p. 131 note I. 

a. Mary, of the Angela, p. ISS 
note 8 ; — , of the Annnnda- 
tion, p. 160 and note 3 ; b»- 
tween Tre Fontane and 8. 
Sebastian, p. 160 ; vision of 
our Lady to hcmdt dwelling 
there, p. 160 ; — , Antiqta, 
p. 166 note 1 ; — , da Analog 
chapel of, p. 72 note 8 i — , 
of Ara Cell, p. S9, p. 43 nM« 
1, p. 158; oOled OcUvian'a 
chamber, its altar and insorlp- 
lion thereon, pp. 168-9; — , 
in Caoipitelli, p. 170 nut« 1 ; 
— . in Cannapara, p. 22 DM* 
2 ; — , of the Capitol, p. 42 
note 1 ; — , of Consolation, 
p. 169 and note 2; near 
Capitol, p. 169 ; aooount of 
S. Bernard's vision of tha 
Blessed Virgin, p. 183; — , 
in Cosmedin, p. 144 note 1, 
p. 167 and note 1 ; — , Cop- 
sarum, p. 118 note 2 ; — . in 
Dumiiuca, p. 104 and note 3, 
alio called I'a aavittllit, p. 
106; onlyehorcbin Rome re- 
taining title of l^oiaiillVuM, 
p. 104 note 2 ; —.of Graoe. 
p. 169 note 1 : — , Impfratrit 
rfe lapeniti. p. IBB; its 
puaition, snd aoeonnt of tni- 
raculous fresco, p. 168 ; alao 
called a. Gregory in Martio, 
p. 169 note 1 ; — , Inviolal* 
(ill riaI,o(o),p.lS8noM>3. 
p. 141; —.Major, p. 16. p, 
63 note 1 ; description at p. 
&3 and note 2 ; the first 
chnreh in Kome dedicated to 
onr Lady. p. 84 ; also called 
8. Mary in Saperaip^o, p. 88 
note 2 ; miracle of the snow, 
p, 84 ; relics and indidgencM, 
p. 86 : miracle which hap- 
pened in I4S2. p. 88 note 2 ; 
station at, p. 150 ; miracle at, 
p. 161 ; — , of Uie Martyn, 
another name for the Pan- 
theon, p. 37, p. 167, p- 168 
note 1; — . over Minerva, 
ooiiclave at, p. 20 ; record* 



4 



of Tiber floodi »t, p, 2fl, p. 
IG9 uitl note 1 ; eractod ovor 
lemrle b> MinerTS, p. ISO 
nolo 1 1 — , th« Nbw, p. 19, 
p. 32;— , of the Pslm. p. 8, 
p. 163 and note 1 ; origin of 
njinie, p. 183 ; now knonn ta 
the Donmt quo radi*, p. 162 
note 1 and 2; apparition of 
our Lord to S. Peter, pp. 
183-31 — , rf* penii infemi, 
p. 11, p. leS-e, p. ISS note I ; 
~-, of the People, p. 9 note 3, 
p. 11, p. 16 ; Nero'i palacs 
Dioae by, p. 17, p. IBS and 
note 3 ; rite of Nero'i ile»th, 
p. 1S4 1 haunted, p. 161 ; np- 
parition of onr LaJj to Pope 
Paacal, p. 16); ha deBtrojB 
body and grave of Nero to 
found church on lite, p. 164 ; 
S. Loke'i picture of the Vir- 
gin, p. 165 notea 1 and 2 ; 
proceraion there to atajr the 
dague, p. 155; — , of the 
Forlico, p. 1;D and note 1; 
^parition of our lady la 
Galla'i lervant, p. 170 ; — , 
the Bound, p. 18, p. 19 nnd 
note 1 i another name fur 
Pantbeon, p. S7, f. 46 note 
i, p. G8 ; decoTiption of, 
p, is? ; mode of bnilding 
dome, p. 157 ; alao oalled S. 
Mary of the Martjra, p. 157 ; 
Pope Boniface obtuna leave 
to oonieiTiile the Pantheon, 
p, 157 ; destroys idols there- 
in and fliea feaat day for the 
church, pp. 157-8, p- 1S8 note 
1; — ,iuiiia8ehoia<a Qrateo- 
mm, p. 9 note g, p. 167 and 
note 1; churab oppoeite the 
Schola, p. 167 ; S. Thomaa of 
Canterbitry teachea here, p. 
167 ; the Bocea Mia VtrilA, 
' "'-a; nowoaUedaMaiy 
imcdin, p. 167 note I i 
a aioroniu, p. 167 note 1 ; — , 
of the Sun, p. 144 note I ; 
— . Tnuiipontine, p. 25 Bote 
8, ■>. 47 note 3, p. 161 and 
note 3 ; in the Leonine dty, 
p. 161 i pillan at which S8. 
Peter aod Paul were •courged, 
p. 161; ita ten diff^jrent 
oaniei. p, 161 note 3; the 
original ahunh waa near Caa> 
tal S. Angelo, p. 161 note 3, 
p. 167 note I ; — , IVaoitiber, 
p. 6'J note 1, p. Ill and mite 
1 ; fbrmerly a knighta* hoe- 
[ulal, p. 111 note t ; logeod 
nf Weill of oil. p. 111. 
a Manaa. p. 93 note 3. 
S. Michael, p. 32 note a. 
" Moriti, town of, nameil 



pp.167 



after 8, Mauriciua, p. 121 
note 1. 
as. Nereus and Achilleaa, p. 
131 note2.p. 143 and notes. 
S, Kii^olaa in Carcrrt, atatue 
of gander at, p. 29 and p. 
184 ; ohnrch. desoription oF, 
p. 134 and note ; lelive al, p. 
1S4. 
S. Pancnw, p. 7, p. 20, p. IfiS. 
B. Paator, p. 74 note 3. 
8. Panl onteide the WalU, p. 
31 ; Bite Imown a* Aorfvl 
LtieiU'i*, p. 22, p. 63 note 1 ; 
deniription of, p. 66 and note 
3 ; number of pilhus, p. 66 ; 
high altar at eait end, p. 66 ; 
reaaon why pilgrima enter 
church at weet door, p. 67 ; 
indulgences, p. 67 and note 
1 ; miraonloiu cradGx and 
Bible of ^. Jerome, p. 67, p. 
SS note 2, p. 92 note S; liat 
of cainia buried there and 
relict, p. 130 and note 1. 
S. Paul'a, London, p. 67 note 3. 
8. Peter, p. 13 note 1 ; cover- 
ed with met&l taken ^m (be 
'great palaee', p. IG. p. 17, 
p. 22, p. 35 note 3. p. 46 and 
nole 8 i the place called 
Paradiu, p- 46 Dote 3 ; pave- 
ment in front of, p. 47 ; de- 
aoription ofchunib, p. 61 And 
note 1 ; dimeniioTu of and 
8pacB> between pillan, p. 61 ; 
pitlarv from Solomon'i tem- 
ple, p. fli ; itnia leading to 
church, dimennona of aaoie, 
pp. Sl-S and note 1, p. 62 ; 
Dumber of altan, p. 62 and 
note 2; indul^ncea, p. 63 
and note 1; pnndpal altan, 
■even in number, p. 63; to 
whom dedicated, pi 63; an- 
Cient portrait! of 8S. Peter 
and Paul at high alUr, p. 62 
note 3; relief, p. 63: the 
Vemaole,pp. 63-4; ioKriptiun 
on one of tbe pillan of Solo- 
mon'i Temple, pp. 65-6 and 
note 1 : none on which bodiea 
of as. Peter and Paul were 
weighed and divided, p. 66, 
p. 71, p. 92 nole 3 ; Cooatan- 
tloe'* work in foundationa of 
churob, p. 95 ; station at, p. 
104; body of S. Bunnn* 
truulated from, p. 123 : atk- 
tion at, p. 13B ; oh^ of 3. 
Maiy of^the Kever, p. 136; 
fn-mco 111 our Lady minKn- 
lnualy changea ila [uidtinn, p. 
ISG and note 3; another 
miramiloua freaoo of the 
BleHsd Virgin in the porch, 
p. ISG ; iixe Limlna Apnttolir- 



175 

rum, and inscriplion tliore, 
p. 136 and note 2, p. 153 
note 1, p. 161- 
S. Peter at Brescia, p. 11 note 1- 
a Peter in Carcere, p. 63 nole 2. 
a Peter in Mootono, p. 70 note 

8. Peter ad llneula, p. 22, 
p^ 06 and note 1 : abo called 
Batiliat EmdaxiaHa, p. 96 

S. Praasede, p. 22, p- 147 and 
note 1 ; waa the houao of 
Praxedia, p.l48; well inianie 
filled with martyra* bonea. p. 
143; cb^iel of pillar of the 
flagellation, p. 14S; olbet 
relice, p. 118. 

S, Priacfl, p. 149 ani note 1 ; 
i^. Peter'a chapel nndergrouod 
there, p. 119 ; church on bite 
of houiie of Aquila aadPriaca, 
p. 149 note 1. 

S. PudeniiaDa. p. 74 note 3, 
p. 117 and note 1; three 
thousand bodiea of aainti, p. 
117; the cavity in the wall 
where S. Peter waa hidden, 
p. 117 ; miracle of the sacra- 
ment, p. 118. 

SS. (Jwrtuor Coronati, p. 126 
and note 2- 

a Saba, p. 16 nole 1. 

S. Sabina, p. 14, p. 15 note 1, 
p. 17, ^. 20, p. 15 note 3 ; 
desoription at, p. 86 and note 
1, p. 121, p. 159 note I. 

a SatQroinaa, p. 21 and note 
1, p. 92 note 2. 

" " hospital of, p, 74 



Balbina, another 
Balbina, p. 139. 
I Ullamine, p. 22 



note 3. 

). Saviour I'l 



S. Savi< 
note 2. 

a Sebastian, p. 20, p. 67 and 
note 3 ; description of, p. 68 ; 
altar of H. Fabian, p. 68 ; of 
S. Sebaatian, ji. 68 ; legend i^ 
the angel ministering at a 
Gregory's Mass, p. 68 ; cata- 
comln under the diurch,p. 63; 
reasona for making the same, 
p. 6B : Sij. Peter and Panl laid 
her* to conceal their bodiea 
during troubled times, p. 60, 
p. 71, p. IflO and note 2, p. 163 
note 2, p. 162. 

S. Sebastian, cemetery of, p. 30, 



a Ktveater, p. 17. p. 132 notes. 

a Siitua, p. 18, p. 118 and 
note 2 ; i>icture of B. Virgin 
by a. Luke here, n. 118 ; for- 
merly known aa 8H, Doininio 
andaUtui,p.I18nate2; tbe 
monaatery of H. Cnario dt 



176 


INDEX 


^H 


Coiioi. or Cormintw,ant it, 


note 1, p. 182 oo(« 8. p. 162 


o>er Rome, p. 85; gam 1^| 


p. iiennwa. 


oolel. 






Clement XI. pope, p. Ill not* 


' conk -, p. 49 ; bi>pli»d tfcaS^ 


1, p. 132 note 3. 


in, p. 19; gmt tnanm 


8. Su^thsn, BunUc* of. p. 92 


ClemcDt XH, pipe, p. IS note 


Kiven b^ bim to St. JotA 


not.r^ 


3, p. 71 note 1, p. 119 nnle 1. 


Laleiao, p. 60 ; Ua birth. 




Cleuboliu, p. 11 and note 3. 




CeI.£.Jf<™(',j..I8,p.Ulu«l 


Clermont, p. «8 note 1. 




not* 1 i on liM of t«iupl< of 


«««., pope. p. 101. p. 106; 


rwr^oni^ % Greek 


FftODi, p. 141 1 idubof teirpU 


iDOCeeda UdiU. p. 106 and 


Chardi,p.55; found. 3. Pe- 




note 2. 


ter'*, p. 61 note 1 ; girea 




Cloaca, the, p. flfi note 3. 




' the Boaod Gnt beMiired to 


aunj, abbej of, fiionded. p. 59. 


in ^riritual matten, pp. ML-I, 


temple of V«U, nMr Tiber, 


O.Uo», king in Britain, p. 128 


p. 62 Dote 2 ; foonda &. Pufa, 




note 1. 


p. 66 note 3 ; hi. bq>ti1((T. 




Cola di Rienio, p. 71 note 2. 


p. 71 and note 1; lu.C«udl. 


buUding w« ongiti«lly fqu. 


C<dchat«r, p. 130 note 1. 


p. 72; hi. daughter cured. 


at Chriitiu, p. Ill note 1. 




p. 78; found. 8. CrocB, p. 75 


8. Bnoniu. kUo oiled a.j>riicw 


viigin. al, p. 57. p. 57 noU. 1. 


nou 1 ; foaml* g, lAwreiioe, 


rf<™M.«.d«(n-rf*«la.™, 


Colonna, Federioo, Duke of 


p. SO note 1 : (uond. S. Join 


p. 133 juid note 3 ; iUsolttu? 


PaUlano, p. 11 note 1 ; family 


Latetan and din in tvim- 


aaddasrtcdooaditioti,p.l23. 


of, p. HO; Profpero. cardinal. 




8. TboDU, noon of. p. IS 


p. 110 and Dotc 3; Eeidic, 


prindpal palace, p.»l; redgtw 


luMl; boi^of. prwent 


p. 110 and note 3; Uddo 




Eii^iibCdI.g»,p.H«D0t«3, 


(MartinV), p. KOnoteS. 


S. SilTsater, p. 94 ; retiraa la 


p. 167. 


ColORnaccf. in FonimofXerva, 




8. Tiyphon in potl^ula, de- 


known as • AreL of Noe ', p. 3 


dght lawa on eight dan after 


■oriptioD of, p. «2 ud note 1. 


note 2. 


hU bapUnn, pp. 01^5 aad 


S. tJniu, p. 1 8 wid note 1, p. 35. 


p. 31 notes ; on^ln of name. 


note 2. p. 95 ; found. S. Peter'. 


I 8. TJmu, Cemetery of, p. 20. 




^^^^^^^^H & Vklcntine, p. 11B note 3. 


p. 88, p. 90. 


ftUo, p. 96, p. Ill ntM 1, 


^^^^^^^^L 8. Victor, mniiutery of al Pkria, 


Coloena, the ima^ of the, 


p. 115, p. 116, p. 121, p. lae 


^^^^^^^B GB Dole 


p. SS note 1; renmius of. 


note 1, p. 111. p. m. p. IM. 


^^^^^H 


taken to the Lateran, p. SB 


Conitantine 11, empotr. m 


^^^^^^^B il«»Ut« (tate of, p. 1 13 . 


and nrrte 1. 




^^^^^^^1 8. Vital ad Iinan.p. U note 1. 


CoUmpna, the, p. 193 note 3. 


end,pp. S5-6,p.lS3. p.181. 


^^^^^^^1 8. Titoi tnd Modaliu, k";) of 






^^^^^H nyoUhHiglngtbere.p.llaud 




58. i~ 1- 


^^^^^^^^H 


toncla**, heU at S. TAaxj 


Conitantine IV.emperor, p. 58. 




ofta MineTTB, p. 26. 




^^^^^^^1 Ci<«o,p.9Dote3,p.llDotet; 


Conoord and Pity, temple of 


Con.UDtineVI,empeTor,p.59. 


^^^^^^^H p^acoof, p. 17, p. lis Dote 2. 


^Teiii»aadRome),p.32. 
CoDoordia, temple of, p. 31, 




^^^^^^^1 aiicm, p. 133 nole 
^^^^^^^1 Ciroui, FUminiui, p. 38 note 1 ; 


.S. Cyril, p. 107 note 1. 


p. 32 note 3. 




^^^^^^^H — . Muimui, p. Id note 1 ; — , 


Coacordia. title of a bonk 


Council of, p. 58 ; Church of. 


^^^^^^^m p. I*. 13 note 


written by anlhor, p. S2 and 


cliuma to be princi|«l, p. 61, 


^^^^^^^^H Ciriaca, cemeter; of. p. 


note 4. 


p 97 note 1, p. 102 note 1, 




Concordianum cemetery, p. 20. 


p, 109 note l,p. 129 note 2, 


^^^^^^^1 Ciriniu, mvtjT. p. 102. 


' Conk  ot C-onitantine, p. 49. 


p. 130 note I, p. 161. p. 168 


^^^^^^H CI'ritMLmDiiia.p. 61,p. 109. 
^^^^^H CUn. or Stok* CWe, in Eng- 


Cbnrad, omperor, the 6nt of 


nole 1. 


the German line. p. 59. 




^^^^^^^H land, p. Bl iuit« 1. 


Conrad I, emperor, p. G9. 


with Galerin^ p. 65 ; cooqnen 


^^^^^^^^H CUroi, eraperor, p. 


Coniad 11, emperor, p. 69. 


&)ain, goe. to Britain, maniea 
Helena, die. at York. p. 65. 


^^^^^^^m CluMiuii, CImui, p. 113. 


ConMrratori, palace of the, 


^^^^^^H CUadia, p. 1 1 7 note 2. 


p. Se note 1. "^ 


p. 13S note I, p. Ill note I. 


^^^^^^B CUndiiu, ft i>« writer, p. 


Conitani II, emperor, p. 132 




^^^^^^^^H CUudiiu, emperor, palace of, 


note 2, p. 131 note 1, p. 158 


of, p. 28. 


^^^^^^H p, 1 7 1 temple of, p. p. 


note 1. 


Cordora, p. 29 nole 3. 


^^^^^^B nolo S. p. 119. p. tCO DoU 1. 




C*rduba,p. 118. 


^^^^^^^H CUadiui II, emperor, p. G5, 


p. 78; buUd, S. Crw», p. 70, 


Com,.liM, pope, p. 63 Bute 1. 


^^^^^^^H p. 137 note 1, p. lis note 2 
^^^^^^^F CUndln>.martyr,p.l37,p.l27. 


p. 90, 


p. 70. 


CoMlMline the Great, em- 


ComeliuR, dl«iple of 8. Cle- 


^^^^^^^^ Claaniua, p. 117 notel. 


peror, p. 1 1 note 3 ; hli palace 


ment, p. 106 and note 3. 


^^^P Clenieu, conial. p. 131 note 2. 


(Me Lateran palace), p. 17; 


Coroboaai, one of the fouoden 


^^^H Clement V. pope, p. 71 Dole 1. 
^^H Clemel>tVlf,t»pe,p71m>ie1. 
^^^^^ CloMM Vlli, pope. p. 112 


■tatne at L^teran not of him. 


ofRoroe,p. 1. 


aa believed, p.Sl. p. 33 notel; 




SivM a tUWeiter loidibip 


peron, p. 186. 






_ 





INDEX 


^^^^^^^ITT^^^^^^^^^^B 


Corunl eb»pel in S. John 




^^^^^^H 


Litnau, p. 77 note 3. 


Eadwi.. p. 97 n<*e 1. 




Duiabc, the, p. 113 note 1. 


Kbredunensit (Emhrun), ^^^^^^H 


p. 58, p. 110 note 2 i — , of 
Nick«, p. fiB, p. ISfi noM2i 


David, p. 132. 


in iFhich S. Baiilidet and ^^^^^^H 


De Blewr, Cbuoine, p. 8S 


others were martyred, p. 103. ^^^^^^^^H 






ErtUiiattiea, hUtorvi, p. ^^^^^^^^H 


nf J17 *.D, .t 9, Clement-., 


Deciiif, emperor, p, 5t, 


EdiwB, people alloviKl to bring ^^^^^^^^H 


p. lOS nolel; — . it Rotoe, 


murder. Philip, p. 5*, p. 88 


S. Tboma>'* body to, p. ^^^^^^H 


p. 120 note 3. 


note 1. p. 82 note 2. p. 93, 


^^^^H 


Cndl.ofoiirLordMS.H*rT 


p.91notel,p.l0a.p,lieuid 


^ypt, p. ^^^^^^H 


Uajor, p. 86. 


notel, p. IIB, p. 12D. p. 163 






Hotel. 


p. B3 note 8, p. 101 note 1. ^^^^^^H 


ClWKWIlliul, outlB of, p. 18, 


Delia Porta, Giacflnio. p. 61 




p. 82 note 1. 


nolel. 


Rome. p. ^^^^^^H 


Crete, p. 130 note J. 


De]t)>ortheN{1e,p.llOnoteI. 


Eleaur, Abraham's steward, ^^^^^^H 


Crime., p. 107 note 1. 




^^^^^^H 


Crow, 1 Deration of the, p. 126 


Diadumeuw. p. 64. 


notel. 




184 note ^^^^^H 


Craellea, Fn, p. HO note 3. 


penecution, p. 66. p.fl8nol<s3. 


Elijah (Helie), p. ^^^^^^H 


C™«i«. p. 123 not* 1. 


p. 73 note 3. p. 79 note 8. 


EIisha(HtJTw),prophet.plOS, ^^^^^^H 


Ciioc»gn«, «port (rf, p. SI Dot« 


p. 88 note 2, p. 88, p. 100 


p. ^^^^^H 

Emilia, p. 4 note ^^^^^^H 
B'nparoi'a Uth, the. p. and ^^^^^^H 


2. 


note 1, p. 108 note 1, p. 114 
note 1 ; baths of, p. 123 aod 


CultivMion. Itftliui uul Eng- 




note 2, p. 123 note 4, p. 134 


note ^^^^^B 


•Dd Dote a. I™ "^ 


note3, pp. 127-8, p. 130 note 


p. note ^^^^^^^^H 


Canelle, s city in France, p. lOS. 


1, p. 137, p. 1S8 note 1, 


Enniua, [uet, p 14 note 1, p. ^^^^^^^^H 


Cur»ciui. p. fiS, 


p. 136 ind note 3, p. 144. 


^^^^^_ 


Cnri«», p. 8i. 




Ephniia, p. p. 130 note ^^^^^^H 


Cnriuuj, nmtrter; of, p. 21. 


p. 73 note 2. 


Epiphaniua, p. 13G note 3. ^^^^^^H 


Cuttodia Xamortiai, p. 21. 
Cjbele, tppuiUon at to M. 


Dioicoru». p. 67. 


Erythraean Sibyl p. ^^^^^^H 


Domint 1V0 rorfii, p. 8, p. 29, 


E^quiline, p. 11 note ^^^^^^^^1 


Agripp., p. 37 : wifeofSitgni, 
mother oF Neptune, Jupiter, 


p. 118; ohopch of, p. 183 


guiteus, p. note ^^^^^^^^H 


note 1[ funiurly known u 


Eelher. Sf» Healer, p. ^^^^^^H 


>nd Plul", p. 87 ; P»nth«Q 


S, Maria de Falma, p. 1S2 


Eitodius (Eecodiu*), an old ^^^^^^H 


built in honour of, p. 88. 


note 1 ; in time of author the 


chronicler, work. lost. p. ^^^^^H 


CjriM* («■* Curi»<»), p. IH- 




3 and ^^^^^1 


' Cymrteiy', Jd ttnam pUta- 


called to. p. 162 note 3, and 


EudoKia, aaki for 8. Stephen's ^^^^^^H 


tam. p. 30, p. US note 1, 


marked by a eroea, p. 162. 


body, p. p. 117 note I. p. ^^^^^^H 


p. 130 note 1 ; — , Jgalhnr, 




brings (4. Peter'g chaini ^^^^^^H 


-,C-rt«d,p.31;-,ftJ(eu, 




to p. ^^^^^^^^H 


note 2. 


Eufennuiu, palace of, p. p. ^^^^^^^^H 


p.20:— ,f«Jirita(£.,p.il;-, 
Sirmrliitt Demititlae.p.2l: 


Dominicu. de Arecio (Areao), 


note p. p. p. ^^^^^^H 


hii book de monlilm,, p. 18 


^^^^^H 


—. Intra dual Uiuret, p. 20 ; 


and note 2 ; hin aceount of the 


Eugeniua, pope, buried al S. ^^^^^^H 


— ,/ii Jrp-o Vtrano,p.iO:~, 


Pahitine, p. 13 : hii de nVu 


Mary Major, p. ^^^^^H 


(ffwfWfrw, p. 4S,p.4E,p. 49. 


Eugmius pope, p. 147 ^^^^^^^^H 


p. 20, p. 134 : — , I'lmeiani, 


Domitian, emperor, order* S. 


note ^^^^^^H 


p. 21, p. llfl; — , Pratlalali, 






p. 20; — , PtUeiUae, p. 20, 


eiUed, p. 9 ; palace of, p. 17 ; 


88 note ^^^^^H 


p. 117, p. m Mil note 1; 


ootornl head of, p. 38 note 1 ; 


Engenios IV, pope, p. ^^^^^^H 


— . S. Btbatliam, p. 20 ; — , 


•ome taj that Pantheon waa 


^^^^^H 


Tih-rlii. p. IH iKrte 1; -, 


built in hit reign, p. 89, p. 89 




rr<wo»f*. pp. 20'I ud note 1 ; 


notel.p. 146, p. 148. 




~, Cm, p. 30. 


DomitiUa, oemeler; of, p. 31. 


ISO note 3. ^^^^^^H 




^ 14B note 3. 


D. 




to p. ^^^^^^^^H 


for Bndge of 8. Angelo, ori- 




DMiin, raler of P«ni» under 


gin of name, p. 47 nole 3. 


Kurope, p. ^^^^^^^^^H 


DlMletim, p. 88. 


Donua. pope, p. 47 note 2. 


D» Cnnha, crtrdind, p. 08 




p. Ariin bishop ^^^^^^^^^H 


DoteS. 


DotM, p. 183. 


of that p. ^^^^^^^^^^H 


DkfroH, p. 8S note 1. 


Dou«, p. 67 note 1. 


EuKbiua, pope. p. 86 note 2. ^^^^^^^^H 


Dklnuktia, p, 123 note 4. 




Eusebius, p. St note S. p. 41 ^^^^^^^H 


Dunucui, p. 128. 


notel. 


^^^^^^1 


DuDWiu, pope, p. 128 »nd 
DOtaS. 


Drepana, p. 12anotel. 
Duchnme. Monrgnor L., p. 17 


Euticen, p. ^^^^^H 
E»tichianas, i>«pe, p. ^^^^^^H 




not, 3, p. 7T note a. 
A  


note ^^^^^H 





178 


■"index 


^M 




Eutroplm. p. 6 ni>to 1 ; Im- 




Qiaoomo da Tora^Eine, p. ^H 




70 note 1;— .Frencli.p. 146 


note 4. p. 95 note 3. ~^^ 




12fl note 1. 


nol«2. 


Giacomo della Porta, p. *1 




Evander, bailJa cit; on PaU- 


Frankfort, Conneil of, p. 147 


note 1. 




linp. flving to Home after 


note 2. 


Giamberti, Giacomo. architect, 




kUling 'r.ther, p. i ; bringa 


Frederick I, emperor, p. 60. 


p. 10 note S. 




PmUntei Erom Easti to Rome. 


Frederiak II, emperor, p. G2, 


Gilbert, afterward. Pope SU- 




p. 14 ; or bxl . WD c»Ued 
P»Uiite, p. 14. 


p. 90: biabad life, depowl 
FrederiS III, emperor, p. 10 


veiler II. atrange legend of. 




p. 77 aei,. 




Evunatua, pope, p. 104. 


Gintto, p. 87 note 4. 




ErCDtiu*, p. 98 note i. 


notes. 


Giovanni da Creuu, p. 187 




Ernauron, bj 8. Ajubroae, p. 




note 1. -^^m 




23. 


note 2. 


OiHhiUodtJrnnru, Sanlo. i«^H 




EiujMUi, p. 121. 




a MS., p. e2 note 2. ^^M 






1S9 ; — . Planoiadee, p. 1B9 






F. 


note 1 ; — , TtuepDnms, p. 16U 


i ; — , palace, p. 29 oot* 6.^^H 




Fftbiai *!»■ Remmi, p. Sand 


note 1, p. 170 note 4. "^ 






tiotel. 


Foriiu Camilliu, p. 2B note 2. 


note 8. 




F»brido», bridge of. P 13- 




GlausuB, one of the founder* of 




FMtinsong Sunday (Quinqua- 


G. 


Rome, p. 4. 




g«,inia), p. 16. 




Glodiaa, p. 64. ^^^_ 




Fauiu, temple of, p. 144 ; na- 


Gabriel, archangel, p. 71, 






ture of. p. 144, p. IDS note 1. 


p. 160, p. 180. 


p. 45 note 3. ^H 




FaiiaU, mother of 8. Ananla- 


Oaetani, oardioal, p. 117 note 


Godfrey of Bouillon, p. 59. ^^H 




■ia. p. 98. 


1. 


Godfrey of Viterbo, ppt 3S4^H 




Fau>tiniu,p. 107 note 3. 


Gaiiia Publivi, p. 42 note 1. 


p. 11 note 1, p. 60 noto^H 




Fauatulus, finds Roiooliu and 


Galatiana, ». Paul'a Epiatle to. 


p. 90 note 3. '^ ^H 




Remua, p. 5. 


p. 98. 


Gurdian, emperor, p. 64. ^^M 




F«ait of ad Pimeala Si Petri 


Galeriui", emperor with Con- 


Gorgun. p. 169. ^^H 






aUntius, p. 55, p. 141 Dote 1. 


Gortyna, p. 130 note 1. ^^ 






Galea, in Spain, p. 74. 
GaU^p. li-Onolel, p. 170. 


Gospel of a. Jotn, on our 




Felicllaa, oomelwy of, p. 21. 


Ixn^l'a unduly aged appear- 




Felii, cemetery of, p. 20. 


Gallia, p. SS note 1, p. 129 


ance, p. 84. 




Felti H, pope, p. 133. 


note a. 


Grandiaon, Biahop of Eister, 




FeUiIII, pope, p. 148 note 3. 




p. 67 nolo 3. 




Felix IV'. pope. p. 21 note 1, 


Gallienu., arch of, p. 11 note 


Gratian, hii bridge, p. 13; hi* 




p. B2 note 2. p. 120 note 2, 


1 ; alio laid to be called 


character, p. 13; his arcti. 




p. 122 note 2, p. 134 note 2. 
Female orphan aijlum, p. 138 


Deciua, p. 64. p. 82 note 2. 


p. 19. 




OaUina, albat, ad, p. 43 note 


Greeks, tbeTr attempt to ateal 




notes. 




bodiei of 38. Peter and Paul,- 






OUIus, p. 64. 


p. 70. 








Gregor7,Bi!jbapofOatiB,p.lOI. 




Filippini, Antonio, p. 131 


Rome, p. 48. 


Gregory, pope, kit prinm kt 
S. Jiitin Latwan, p. 73; 




note 3. 


Gamaliel, p. 80; buries 8. 




Firmina, p. 114 note 1. 


Stephen, p. 80 ; appcan to 


miracle of orucifii ther.. 






LuctanuB, p. 80 ; article on in 


p. 72. 




43. 




Gn^gory, pope, buried at S. 




Flavia Domitnia. p. ISl note 


Gatea of Rome, p. 7 sq. 


Maty Major, p. 85. 




2, p. I41t noto2. 


Geese, itoiy ofuTing of Capitol 


Gr^oi7 I, pope. p. 107 note 3. 




Flavia, Julia Helena, full 


by, p. 28 and note 4 ; alatue 


Gregory II, pope. p. 76 note 1. 




name of 8. HeUna, p. 126 


of one at 9. NicoU in Carcere, 


p. 89 note 1. 




note 1. 


p. 39, p. 134 and note 3. 


Gregory III, pope, p. 118 note 




Flavian. PL B 6 note 1. 


Gelaaias, pope, p. 89, p. 88 note 


3,p. 137 note 1, p. 158 note 1 




^ Floods. See Tiber. 


2. p. 146 ..Vte2. 


Gregory IV, pope, p. 21 oole 1. 




 Flora. t«nple of. p. 25. 


GelaaJM U, pope, p. 167 note 


p. 87 Dote 4, p. Ill note t. 




 Florenco, p. 4 note 2 ; oathe- 


j^ , .-F-. K 


p. 116 note 2. p. 138 note ». 




 dni of. p. 3S note 2, p. 62 


Oemicin.. p. 63. 


p. 138 note 3. p. 110 note 1. 




 note 2. 


Gerbertna, name of Silreater 


Gregory VII, pope. p. 66 note 3, 




B Forum of Sallost, p. 123 note 


II. p. 77 note a. 


p. 117notf l,p. 170 note 1. 




 3 1 — , OiUorium, p. 134 note 


Germano, Father, bii eioara- 


Gregory IX, pope, p. 86 note 1, 




 2; ~, Romanam, p. 166 


tioDS, p. 90 note 1. 


p. 133 note 3. p. 148 nota S. 




 note 1. 


Germany, p. 28 note 2, p. 127 


p. 165 note 1. '^ 






notel. "^ 


Gregory XI. pope, p. 83 note 4. 




 note 1. 


Gerraaiua, p. 12, p. 48 ; hi* (f» 


Gregory XIII, pope. p. 101 




 Trta-x. p. 28 dote 3. p. 64 
^ note 1 ; hialory of. by Gregory 


otiit {•aptrialiim, p. 64. 
GervaaiO!, son of S. Vitale, 


note 2. 




Gregory XVI, pope, p, Uf 




of Toun, p. 160 note 3. 


p. loa, p. 112. 





Gregory, * print, p. 134. 
GreKoiy Turoneiuu, p. SS Oot« 

1. p, ISO note 9, p. 1B2 Hotel. 
Guienne, p. S7 note I. 
OyinnoMiphista, |i. SO; received 

by Aleiuidcr, p. 80. 



HwlrUii. «mpFror, temple of. 
p. 12 1 pal&ce uf, p. 17, p. 25. 
p. HbnoUl. 

Uadrinn und Trajiui, eiiip«rorB, 
imlM-e of, p. 48. 

Ilulriui,j>upe, p. 69. 

Hkdriiui I, po|w, p. 11 Dote C, 
p. 21 uute 1, p. SO note 1, 
p. »e note 1, p. 117 Dute 1, 
p. 122 note 3, p. 128 Dole 2, 
p. 131 note 3, p. 133 note 3, 
p. 134 DDte 2, p. 138 Dote 3, 
p. 110 note 1, p. 142 note 1, 
p. n&naleS, p. 149 not« 4, 
It. 167 note 1. 

Hadrlui IV, pope, p. SO note 1. 

fimy of Uie manger of Belhle- 
bero at S. Muy Major, p. SB. 

Heinrich I, emperor, p. G0. 

Heitiricb 11, emperor, p. GO. 

Beiniicb III, emperor, p. G9. 

Bnnrieb IV, omprror, p. 69. 

Heinrich V, emperor, p. 60. 

Belcbie, father of Sniuiua, p. 
134. 

Belfns.aking'sdkDghter.wife 
of Cuiiatantiiu, p. G5. 

HeUnopolu, p. 126 note 1. 

Helie. Sh Klijob. 

Helpldini. p. SB. 

Helyae. Stt Eliaho. 

Henry VI iif EngluHl, p. 1 
note 3, p. 107 note 4. 

Heracliui, emperor, p, G8; oon- 
queri PenU, p. fiS. 

Hentolim, a pluloeopber, p. B7 

Hersolea, wia of Sutoni, Imilda 
dly under Capitol, culled 
Volery, n. 4. 

Hermea, Mayor of Home. Im- 
prisoned for ChriiUonity, p. 
108 ; convert* hU joUer, Qui- 
rinui, p. 108. 

Sermslit tt Domilxllae, ceme- 
tery, p. 21. 

BermiUof a Aiutin, pp. 92-8, 
p. 123, p. 164. 

Ucrod, p. IHO. 

Eorod Agrippo, ')*7> ^. Jamn 
Mid impriioui 8. Peter, p. 97. 

Herod Antijiu. ilayt S. Jobn 
Biiptut, p, 97. 

Herod of Aacolon, tiny* tbe 
Innooeuli, p. 97. 

Herod Metallarius, father at 
8. Sabiu, p. se and nuU 2, 
p. 67. 



INDEX 

H erode, how to diiitinguUh 
betHcsD, pp. 96-1. 

Horry, Gei man emperor, p. G9; 
■uaptct* hia nifi; Radegund. 
p. IIG; persecutea her, p. IIS; 
dies, and ia saved by S. Law- 
rence's interpoeition, p. IIG. 

Heaoodiu*, p. 3 note 1. 

Ucaiod, p. 3 note I. 

Heater (Eather), married (o 
Ahoauerui, p. 2S. 

Heiekiah,Kingorjudah,p,G3. 

Hierapolia, p. 84 note 3, p. 102 

Hilary,pope,p.lliiotel,p. 79 

note 2. 
Siliitbrandi Vila el gttla, p. 

77 note 2. 
HiUa of Home C«w Moni), 

general account of, p. 16 note 1 . 
Hippulytua, martyr, p. Bt, p. 

123. 
Hippolytaa, Synod aigoinat, p. 

131 note 3. 
Hinim, pillui of, p. 73. 
Hiiloria Antioeliena,f. 89. 
Holy Cmsa, altar of the, at 

S. Peter'a, p. 63. 
HonoriuB, emperor, p. 89 note 

a, p. 66 note 2, p. 80. 
Hnnoriua and Arcodini, j<^t 

emperon, p. G7. 
Bonoriut and Theodoaius, 

joiDt emperore, p, G7. 
Honoriua, pope, p, 60; buried 

ot S. Msry Major, p. SG. 
Honoriua I, pope, p. 11 note 3, 

p. 125 note 2. 
HoDoHua II, pope, p. IS 7 

Bonoriiia lH, pope. p. 20 note 
4, p. i}6 note 2, p. 80 note 1, 
p. 86 note l.p. 180 uole 2. 

Hnnoriua IV.popo, p. 86 note 1. 

Bonce, p. 14 note 1. 

Hottiu tucUlae,^.tl. 

Hospital o( S. Spirito, p. 17- 

Hoapitol of 8. Tiiomoa. p. 157- 

Howard, cardinal, p. SO note 1. 

Hugo de S. Victor, p. 






le of, p. as note 6. 



Iginioa, pi^> p> 104. 
/■ o^owrano, («meter7,p.20. 
IndiSgeiicea at 6. Paul'*, p. 67. 
ludnlgencw at S. Peter i, p. 
68ai ' - " 



pope, p. 117 

Innocent III, pope, p. 98 note 
8, p. Ill note 1. p. 131 note 
3, p. 132 note 3. 

Innocent IV, pope, p. 42 note 1, 
p. 71 note 1. 

Aaa 



179 

Innocent VI, pope, p. 71 note 1. 
lunoccnt X,p('pe, p. 71 uol* 1. 
InnoceDtitiB. martyr, p. 103. 
Innoceata, alun by Herod of 

Arcidun.p. 97: relics or,p.l3D. 
In itUura, p. 22 imd note 1, 

p. 116, p. 119. 
Intra duot limroa, cemetet?, 

p. 20. 
Invention of the Crooi, p. 126 

Irene, p. 68 note 2. 

Isaac, p. 160. 

Isidore, Bishqi of Seville, 

chronicle of, p. 29 and note 2, 

p. 1S6. 
Isidore, Biahi^ of Cordova, 

p. 29 note 2. 
Ilia, temple of, p. 113 note 3. 
lude (T ImUea), p. 1C8. 



Jam (or Cam), >on of Noah, 
father of Belua. King of Surry 
{!Asnria), p. 3. 

Jariicubim, p. 3 notea 9 and 4, 
p. 70 note 1. 

Juius, aon of Noah, also called 
lunidua, found* Janiculum, 
p. 8 note 3. p- 3 note 4, p. 13. 

Japhet, ion of Noah, anceetor 
oftbeBomana, p. S. 

JereDiiah, p. 1G8. 

Jcrntalem, S. Helena's chapel 
at a Croce ao called, p. 77, 
p. 124. 

JeruaaJem, town of, captured 
by Turks, p. 60. p. 64 note 1, 
p. 88 note 2, p. 97 note 1, 
p. IDG, p. 13G note 2 ; Qniriao, 
Blafaop of JemaaJem, p. 14S 
and note 1, p. 146 note 8, 
p. 1G2, p, 1G4, p. 1G8. p. 166. 

Jews, treaty with Konuans, 
p. 48. 

Joachim, huaband of Suaanno, 
p. 124. 

JubiMie, p. 130 and note. 

Johanna, p. 13G note 2. 

Johannes, liishop of Myra, 
p. 13G note 2. 

J obannea, a prieat, p. 8G note 1. 

Jobunopolia. p. 64 note 2. 

John, a boly man, found* 
8. Mary Major, p. SI ; buried 
tbeie, p. 8G. 

John the Deacon, p. 77 note 2. 

Jobn. pope, p. &7. 

Jobn I, pope, p. 170 and note 1. 

Ji^n III, pope, p. 102 note S. 

John VIII, p.pe, p. 66 notea. 

John XII, p»pe, p, 92 note 1. 

John XXI, pi^, p. 4G note 3. 

Jonaa, ttiahopof Orlauu, p. 117 
notea. 

Joppa, Ismt of, p. S8 note 2. 



^^^^^H 180 


INDEX 


IH 


^^^^^^^^V JoMpll of p. 


JuitinuR, the hi«toriui, p. 29 


p. Ill note I, p. 118 note 3, ^^H 


^^^^^^H f- 




p. 126 note 2, p. 131 note 3. ^^H 




JuetinuB, h prieit, p. 62 and 


Leo X, pope, p. 74 note i, ^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^^^1 Julinn Uis ApoaUtP, p. 


note 2. 


104 Dote 2. ^^H 


^^^^^^^^^H hia etraii){e deatb, p. 


Juveual, p. 31. 


1«oXIII,pope,p.l01iioteS, ^^H 


^^^^^^^^^H Jovinuie (J<>viuiu*\ emperor, 




p. 13-2 note S, p. 137 note L ^^H 


^^^^^^^^H Buoc«ds Julian, p. 


K. 


Leoncitu, p. 121. ^^H 


^^^^^^^^H Judu >nd S. Helemt, p. 


Leonine citf. the, haK thre* ^^^H 


^^^^^^^^M 145 ivod nol«. 




gates, p. 7, p. 12 and note 1, ^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^^^1 Jud» Itc&riot, rope of, p. 135 


p. 89 note 1. p. 73 note 2. 
Kattiitue, cemetery of, p. 20. 
Kempe, John, An:hbiibr>p of 

York and Cardinal oF S. Bal- 


p. lOB, p-ielanlnotaS. ^^H 


^^^^^H 


I^oniiue, p 97 note 1, ^^^| 


^^^^^^^^B JuduMMolHU>,p.<Sieend> 


Levfis, son oF CtiarlemagDe, ^^^| 


^^^^^^^^M euibtu>7 to Rome, p. 46. p. 49 


emperor, p. 69. ^^H 


^^^^^^^^M 


bina, p. 107 and note 4; Cat- 
dinal-bi»hop of S. Rafim in 




^^^^^^^^H Jude (JudM*), p, 
^^^^^^^^1 J aim {tt Verux), p. 


Lewis III, emperor, p. 69. ^^H 


1452, p. 107 note 4. 
King'i Lynn, p. 1 note 2. 


Lex Regia, the, p. 71 note 3. ^^^1 


^^^^^^^^^H Jalian the Apoatale. emperor, 


L'Buet. p. 41 note 1. ^^^1 


^^^^^^^^B p. p. ea ; permits Jevl U> 
^^^^^^H rebuilJ^Temple, 




Lil>erPontmcali.,p. 47i>ol«a, ^^H 


InB, p. 7. 


^^H 


^^^^^^^^m Valentimui, p. p. 


L. 


Liberius, pop», p. 81, p. 139 ^^B 


^^^^^^^^^H Date 1 p<.'nieiTtita SS. Johli 


note 2, p. 133. ^H 


^^^^^^^^m imd Fau[, p. 00 aad note 3 ; 


'Lady Rose', temple of the, 


Liberies, p. ^H 


^^^^^^^^m killed, p. 91, p. 126 note 


p. 2S note 1. 


Librar; of S. Gregory, p. 71. ^^^H 


^^^^^^^^M 




LidnUnpaUce. p. SSnotel. ^^H 








^^^^^^^^^^^^B Juliuia, III Aleiander, 


□otel. 


^^1 


^^^^^^^B Senator of Conglulinuple, 


Langton, Stephen, archbi.bop. 


Um^ p. 68 note 1. p. 1G9 ^H 


^^^^^^^B P- ^^ "^' '<>''» ^ remove 
^^^^^^H Wbuid'i bodr, p. 81 re. 
^^^^^^^^^H moves 3. Stepheii'i bv uiia- 


p. 137 note 1. 




Lanle, cardinal, p. 166 note 1. 


L°uu<,'pope, p. 104, p. lOSi ^^1 
taeceedi a Peter, p. 106. ^^H 


Largni, p. 130. 


^^^^^^^H p. 


Laterao, l^end regarding 


Lisiaa, p. 12L -^^H 


^^^^^^^^^H Julliu CaeMAT, pklaoe oF, p. 


origin of name, p. 9 and note 


Liyib, wife of Augostui, storj ^^^^| 


^^^^^^^^^H uhea buried on Anjuill'i 




of the white ben. p. 43. ^^H 


^^^^^^^H S. Pitri, p. 23; inwription 


Lateraii chorch. Set 9. John 


Livy, p. 1, p, S note 1 : hi* ^^H 


^^^^^^^^1 on mme. p. 23 and note 1 ; 
^^^^^^^^1 Mcount of bii life, p. 24; 


I^ateran. 


account of the AyenUne, a. ^^^^| 




^^1 


^^^^^^H .urfe^ tbe p. 


Lateran palace, p. 17, p. 33 


Lodewick (Lewis), emperor, ^^H 


^^^^^^^^B victories, p. 24 ; oorreot* the 


note 1. p. 71 note 1. p. 76 note 


p. 147 and note 2. ^^H 


^^^^^^^^H c&lendu', p. 24 ; bis modeatr, 
^^^^^^^^H 25 uid note 1 ; 


1, p 146, p. 170. 


Lombar.10, Carlo, araMlect, ^^H 


Latarani, palace of the, p. 71 


p 140 note 4. ^^H 


^^^^^^^^^B p. 25; inducted M PonCifei 
^^^^^^^^H Maiiiuku un March p. 


notel. 


Lomhardv, p. 143 note 2. ^^H 


lAtin tribes, coDquered by 


Longinos, p. 154. ^^H 
Lonrgi. p. 138 note 3. ^^H 


^^^^^H p. 


AnchuB MartiUB Mediiliensi», 


^^^^^■^ Jaliu. I, [»pe, p. Ill note 


p. IS. 




^^^^^^^ Julias U, pop*, p. 18 note >, 


Latini. Bronetlo, p. 4 note 2. 


Lourain, p. 67notel. ^^H 


^^^^r p. ei note I, p. 9fi note 1, 


Laliuin. p. 145. 


Lucan, p. 43. ^^^H 


^^H 


lAurencB (or Lupa), nnnoi 




^^^H 


Romalui and Remui, p. 5: 


mulua to Rome, p, G. ^^^^| 


^^^^K Juno, temple of. on Caidtel, 


why called Lunn, p. 5 and 


Luciano., hia virion, p. 80. ^^ 


^^^^1 p. 2S, p. 42 note 1 ; lUtue 


nolil. 


LuciUa (or Lacina), gvden of, 1 


^^^^H of, ineUiDf; inhnt Bercnlea 


i,fi,n.rfoa«rM,ofQ.daVora- 
gfne, p. 96 note 2. 


p. 22 ; her vision of S. Se- 

Uttian, p. 22, p. 114 noM 1, > 


^^^^H (tee Pope Jonn Fable), p. 74 


^^^H 


Leo 1, emueror, P. 67. 


p. 133 note 1. p. 123 note 3, | 


^^^H Jopiter, templeof.p. Sl,p. 20 

^^^^H and note ; figure of on 


Leo II. emperor, p. 58, eiJled 


P- !"■ ^H 
L<U!itlat kortut, p. 67, p. 70. ^^H 




^^^H Cnpitol, p. 37, p. 28. p. 33 


Lwlll, emperor, p. 58. 


Lncillmi, p. 133. ^^H 


^^^B 


Leo IV. emperor, p. 69. 

Leo I, pope, the Great, p. 67, 


Ludna, Ctaoomb. of, p. M ^^M 


^^^^^^1 Juatin, emperar, p. 57, p. 170. 


note 2, p. 130 note 1. ^^H 
Lacinia Eudoda, p. 97 note 1. ^^H 


^^^^H JuMJniui, amperor, conTsrled 


p. 86 note 2, p. 98 note 1. 


^^^H from Ariuiieip, p. 57; hi> 


Leo 11, pope, p. (.7 note 4, 


Luc!ailI,pope,p.l46uoteZ ^^H 




p. 138 note 3, p. 145 note 3. 


Ljola, p. 1S5 note 3. ^^H 


^^^H p, p. p, 


Leo III, pope, p. 66 note 2, 


Ljdda, a city tn Palsttin^ ^^H 


^^^^H Juitiniui, tile ronnger. em~ 


p. 90 note 1, p. 107 note S, 


8S note 2. ^^H 


^^^H peror. Nhk. nbel. ■Kun't 
^^^1 tiim, p. CS. 


p. 118 nou a, p. 128 note 2, 


LydU confioered, p. 48. ^^H 


p. 133 note 3, p. 140 note 1, 


Lyon, p. 57 note 1. ^^H 


^^^H JiuUmu U, emperor, edled 


p. 148 note 3. 


Lyaiaa (»t Liiiaa), p, 122 nol« ^^H 


^^H fcrlNT.i7,p.fiS. 


Leo IV, pope, p. 93 note 8, 


^^1 



U»»lluii 


iLiriM, p. lln 


nUl, 


p. S3 no 


tB a ; — . E«r 


CaU- 




if CaUiitiu, p. 


69; 




num. p. m m\ 










Mahnmel 


.. p. ss. 




M»™. p. 






M.t1!u<. : 


Petrn*. p. 133 n 


nti<», 


M.lu. |i. 


21 iioto 2. 





MarCb*, martyr, p. 137- 
Morliu, Lit cbruoicle. p. 46, 
p. 65, p, 70. p. 115, p. 1*1. 
Martin I, pope, p. 131 nad 



>. 53. 



I ), emperor, 



Idacuertiiie prUon, p. 31, p. US 
note 2, p. 11», p. IJS notes. 

Mammaea, muther of Alexan- 
der Several, p. 18; converWd, 



Polonaa, p. 46 Dota 

3, p- 74 note 8. 
Maiy Magdalen, p. 154. 
Man of a. (Iregorj and the 

ani^l, p. 08. 
Mattel, icranariee of the. p. 

toe note 2. 
Mauuderille, Sir John, hi* 

travel*, p. 1. 
Maurice, emperor, p. SS, p. 



p. 65. 

Maniliiu, p. 53. 
Mauiucaraeii, arch of, p. IB, 
Mappa, earlj plan of Rone 

calleil K, p. 2 note 1. 
Maruelliu, theatre of, p. 134 

note 2. 
Haroelliu, a jailor, p. 103 

Maroianus, emperor with Va- 
lentioiaD III, p. 67. 
Marco Polo, of Venice, hie 

Mareiu .^grippn, sent to con- 
W«t, p. 37; ■' - 



i.e!1 Pen 



rebellici 



p. 3S; 



; pu(« down rebellion 
etumi, p. S8 ; build* 
Pantheon. niDde of oonitruc- 
tion, p. 38 and note 2. 

Marcua AnreliuB, p. 26 nute S ; 
■Utue of, p. 31 ; not of Con- 
■tantine aa believed, p. 31 
■ad nut« 3 ; popularly called 
' Septlmoiephero ', p. 36 and 
note 1, p. 110 and notd 2 ; 
column of, p. 132 note 3. 

Uarcu* Aurelini Victor, p. 10 
note 3. 

Haroua (or Quintal) CnKiat, 
p. 38 and note 1. 

Har^ret of Anjou , p. 1 note 9. 

Mariana (orMarntna),slr«am, 
p. 9 note 3, 

Hariu*, ninnjT, p. 127. 

Man, p. 4 and note 2 ; temple 
-' — r Porta Appia, j '" 



42 an 

Maienliiia,einperDr,pp. 140>1. 
Maiimianua I Haiiminua), 

emperor, p, 6i, {with Dit- 

detian) p. 56, p. QS note 2, 

p. 103 note 1, p. 121, p. 13'J, 

p. 139 note 3, p. 144. 
Maximuc, emperor, p. S7 notel. 
Melchiades,pope,p. 123 note 1. 
Melchiaedek, p. ISO. 
Memmina Rufna, coniul, p. 

149 note 2. 
Memphie, p. 168. 
MsTCury. temple oF,p, 22 note2. 
Metaphnatei, p. 68 note 2. 
MtthodiuB, p, 3 note 1. 
Michael, emperor, p. 59. 
Michelangelo, p, 1)1 note I, 

p, 104 note 2. 
Milan, built by Brennn*, p. 

38, p. SS note 2, p. 103 and 

note 3 ; S. Vilale conaul of, p. 

112andnotel,p.ll3. 
Uilk of our Lady, rtjic at B. 

Mary Major, p. 86. 
Miuei-va, p. 169 and note 1, 
Minbtiy, of FinanDe. p. 133 

note 3 ; ^, of Marine, p. 92 



Millin 



t S. Clement'a, 



Lp, 31, p. 20, p. US. 
Martha, i^d to be the name 
at the woman who helped our 
Lord with the nidary on the 
way to Calvary, p, 04. 



Moniuteriun dominat Sota; 
p. 23 note 1. 

MunaalAiy otS. Oragory, p. 19, 
p. 44, p. 46. 

Honothelite henay, p. 58. 

Mom, jHafftw, p. 11 note 1 ; 
ori^n uf name, p. 14 ; aleo 
ualleil (tuirinat, p. U and 
note 4, p. IS note 1, p. 17, 
p. 46, p. 61 note 2, p, SO, 



p. 107 note S; — , eanatit, 

ponljun of, pp. 14-16 and 

note 1 ; (porta held tliere in 
CarniTal, p. 16, p. 51 nolo 2, 
p. 52 : — . CapiloliBMi, p. 15, 
p. 26; — , Camlltnt ad 
H. Altuium. p. 15 note 1 ; — , 
CeltM. p. 16 and note 1, 
p. 73 note 2, p. 107 note 2, 
p. 126 note 2, p. 144; — , 
lonleuitt', p. 3 nowi 3 and 4 ; 
origin of name, p. 8 ; poiitiiin 
of, p. IS, p. 15 note 1 ; — , 
lanuariui ad 8. Sularam, 
p. 15 note 1 ; — , luvenatit, 
or IliralU, where the K<nnani 
would have ilain Vergil, p. 16 ; 
— , Palallniu, built on by 
Evander, p. 4 ; acconnta of 
Dominicni do Aracio, Soliniu 
and Varm, p. 13 ; fn Palatio 
nui(ar<,p.l6note t; — ,Qu/r»- 
H of 11, p. 14 note 4 ; — .RinaX'u, 
p. 16 note 1 ; — , S. Slepiant 
in cllio monte, p. 15 note 1; 
— , Saiumla, anotlur name 
for Ci^tollne, p. 15 ; — , 
Superaggita, p. 16, p. 84 ; — , 
Tarptla, another name for 
Capiloline, p. 16 ; — , Te»la- 
mm, or Tutaeeio, p. 8 note 1, 
p. 16 note 1 ; — , I'ut Jcanui, 
p. 12 note l,p. 104. 

Montai^e, see* headii of 83. 
Peter and Paul, p. 73 note 1. 

Montgomery, John, p. I nole 2. 

Mo»«, rod of, p. 73; the law 
of, p. Ill, p. 168. 

MountSion.p. 135 note 2. 

Maff«l, Xicholai, p. 10 notes. 

Mnllnoly, Father, hii eicava- 
tioni, p. 105 note 1 . 

Monitor, elder brother of 
Amulini, p. 4 ; exiled, p. 4 ; 
meet* Bomulu* and Remu», 
p. 6. 

UalalOriuBi CafarU, p. 107 



NUuna (NlMa), p. 126 note 1. 

Nanui, p. 83 note 1. 

Naplet, p. 27 note I ; taken, 

p. 00, p. 167 note 1. 
Narbunne, p. 68 note 1. 
NatMt, p. 63. 
Saumachia, p. 4* note 3. 
Satieelta, the, p. 105 note 1, 

p. 104. 
I>aiar«th, pillan &om, at 

S. John l«ter>a. p. 71. 
Naxarini, martyr, p. 102 ; 



BUTSCle and msrCyrdoin of, 
p. 10$. 

Neptune, ipeoiiilty hononred in 
raatbeon, p. 39. 

Notd, legend regariliiig birth 
of frogip.Suiduole 4 ; buildn 
pora NironiaMOf and jxukoy 
other worki, p. 12 ; his palace 
of lheLAteriui,p. 17 ; suothei 
HEM S8. MorcuUiDos and 
Peter, p. 17; anutber near 
S.Spirito, p. 17;&iiatbBrncu- 
8. Story of the People, p. 17 ; 
death of, p. 17; hiaaeoretarut, 
p. 26 ; hii necroiuantio proo- 
Ucga, p. ae, p. 3fl note 1, p. 43 
note 2 ; oirciuar, p. SI note 1, 
p. 59, p. 96 n'>te 1, p. 103, 
p. 183noua, p. 104. 

Nerva, arch of (ms Areh of 
No«), p, i2 uote 3 

Neriiu, p. U. (See Nae- 

Kewmon, cardinal, p. S7 note 1. 
Nicene (Nicaea), Coanuil of, 
p. 6B.p. 88, p. 185notu2. 
NicephoruB, emperor, p. G9. 
NicepLonu, p. 126 note 1. 
Nicholaa I, pope, p. 107, p. 167 

Nichola* III, pope, p. JG note 3, 

p. 134 note 2. 
NlcholMlV, pope, p.21 Hotel, 

p. 64 note 1, p. 83 note 2 ; 

buried at H. Mary Major, 

p. 85. 
KiohoUl V, pope, p. 20 note 3, 

p. 61 note 1, p. 75 nuW 1, 

p. S3 note 3, p. 104 note 2, 

p. Ill note 1, p. 129, p. 140 

note 3. 
Nicholai, Bishop of Myra, 

p. 135 note 2. 
Micodemui, Go«pel of, p. 64 

note 1 : preKrve* our Lord's 

winding-sheet, p. 05 ; aaaista 

•(HiBburial. p. 65, p. 154. 
Kieodemui, buries (he fuur 

oravned eainti, p. 125. 
Nioomedia, p. 88 note 2, p. 126 

Nicoatratna, p. 127. 

yUe, delta of the, p.llO note 1. 

Noab, buitdi Babylon, uub for 
Italy, and diei at Rome, p. S 
and note 2 ; arch of, ite Arch 
ofNoe. 

Norfolk p. 1 note 2. 

Norwich, p. I note 2. 

Noma Ponipiliui, king, liii 
reign and lam. ooini money 
Snt, p. 53 and Bote 1. 

Nnmeriauot, emperor, p. GS. 

Nuroilor, p. 4 note 2. 

Nnniiatelln, the churcb of and 
catauomba, p. 160 note 1. 

NOmbe^, p. 10 note 3. 



Octari.in. palace of, p. 17 ; arch 
of, p. 19 1 ronquen world and 
e«latiliBbei peace, pp. 39 and 
40 uote 1 ; hii beauty, p. 39 ; 
SrUBte wish to deiiy him, 
p. 39 ; conaulti libyl of Hbur, 
p. 40: meeting with bur at 
Ara Cell, p. HI; hi) riaion, 
p. 40 ; refuaes deification and 
etecta altar, p. 41 and note 
1 ; hi* tower near Porta 
Flaminia, p. 42 ; reoeirad 
witli aeven nets of womhip, 
p. 45 ; prtndpally worahipped 
in Rome on August 1, p. V7; 
hia chamber, p. IGS. p. 159. 

OoUvilU, p. 73 note 2. 

Octodurum, p. 121 ni>te 1. 

Odeecnlchi, Laiilj of, [i. 170 
note 1. 

Odo, p. 14S. 

Olyuipio', palace of, p. 17, p. 
23 ; wife of Philip of Moce- 
don, ji. 101 note 2. 

OlympiuB. sudden death of at 



OtnnU terra (Testaccio), sporta 
on (juinquageumn Sunday, p. 
15; hill of, p. IS, p. 50; wliy 
BO called, p. SO and note 2 ; 
full dewription of sports, pp. 
50-1 and note 2 p. 61. 

Oratorio rlella Fiet& del Fioren- 
tini,p.]8 note 4. 

Ordo Romonua, p. 13 note 1. 

•Onjliauna- (Orli^ana), p, 65, 
p. 147 and note 2. 

Origen, p. 18; comee to Kome, 
convert) Manunooo, p. 18, p. 
63, p. 88. 

Orl^ua, named after AurelioD, 
p. 55, p. 147 and notu 2. 

CfrmiuB, p. 41 note 1, p. 134. 

Orsini, cardinal, p. 6U note 1. 

Ort— LnHllue, p. 22. 

Oe Iu,li (Bocoa della VerlU), 
p. 168. 

Osbert, p. S3 ; — , of Canter- 
bury, p. 83 note 1 ; — , of 
Clare, p. 83 note 1 ; — , Pick- 



Otto I, emperor, p. 59 ; marries 

Albelatane'a aliter, p. 59. 
Otto II, emperor, p. 59. 
Otto III, emperor, p. G», p. 77 

note 2. 
Olto IV, emperor, p. 60. 
Our Lady's idtor, at & Peter's, 

p. 88. 



Ontremeuae, Jeon d', p. IB 

Orid. Je Fiutit, p. 11 note I, 

p. 13 ; bit deacription of the 

Avenlinc, p. 14. 
Oiborgh, p. 1 note 2. 
Oiford.Conndlofinl222,p.88 

note 2, p. 91 note 1. 
Oiford, John, Karl of, and his 

eon Aubrey eieouted, p, 1 

Pagi,p. jlnotel. ^^H 

Pagiu*, p. 126 nol« 1. ^^H 

Palace, of Cataline, p. 17 ; ^^^H 
of Clnudiup, in ruins near^^^^ 
Pantheon, p. 17; — , of tha 
Conaeriratori, p. 86 nets 1; 
— , of Diimitian. p. 1? i — , of 
Kafennian,p.l7; — jthegTMt, 
p. 16, p. 46 ; — , of Hadrian, 
p. 17 ; — , of JuliuB Coenr, p, 
17; — , the Lateran, p- 17, 
p. 146; — , of Nom. p. 1?: 
— , of Octavion, p. 17; — , 
Utvniniadia. d. 17. d. 22: — . 



p. ID ; — , oi j.i(ua ana vea- 
paiian, p. 17 ; — , of Trajan, 
p. 17, p. 49 note 2; — , of 
TraJHH and Hadrian, p. 48; 
— , ofTullluaCicerD,p.ir. 

Pidocea of Rome, general >o- 
count of, p. 18 note I. 

Palacinat bai»ta», p, 115 
2. 

Palantes, p. 14. 

Palatine, p. 3 note 4.  

PulatiuTa Lieintanum, p. Wa 

Palncio Fiann, p. 122 no 
Polaiio Venena, p. 43 n 

p, 70 note 1. 
Palestine, p. 88 note 3, p. i^ 

note 1, p. 131, p. 1G2. 
Palia Satmntit, tbe, p. 38 n 



p. 11 



Polmana, ialand of, p. SB. 
Pummacbioa, p. DO note 1. 
Panii aiirn, ornh of, p. 10. 
Pontbeon, p. 17, p. 37 not* _ 

p. 37 ; mode of bulling, p. II 

and note 2, p. 46 noteS ; 

Tcrted to Chriatian DM, p 

p. 157. 
Panviniua Onofrius, p.46 M>t*Si 
' Fa[ne' (Papias), p. 81 i~* 

note 3. 
Paris, p. 57 note 1, p. 59 

1, p. 08 note 1, p. 83 naia i, 

p. 150 note 3. 
Pa«^ 1, pope, p. 03 note S, 

p. 93 note 3, p. 101 note 2, 

p. 109 Hotel, p. 147 -  ' 



47note4|^^l 



INDEX 



183 



Pascal II, pope, p. 126 note 2, 
p. 163 note 8. p. 164. 

Passion play, in front of S. 
Croce, on Good Friday, p. 79. 

JPoMtofian'um, name for a 
martyrology, p. 102 and note 
1. 

Pastor, Titnlus of, p. 74 and 
note 8, p. 117. 

Patara, p. 135 note 2. 

Patmof, S. John exiled to, p. 9, 
p. 146. 

Pairiarchum, a name for the 
liateran, p. 71 note 1. 

Paul I, pope, p. 132 note 8. 

Paal n, pope, p. 107 note 3, 
p. 115 note 2. 

Paul III, pope, p. 42 note 1. 

Paul IV, pope, p. 113 note 8. 

Paul V, pope, p. 83 note 2. 

Paul, tomb of beacon, p. 122 
note 3. 

Paul, Patriarch of Constanti- 
nople, p. 181. 

Paulinus, p. 112. 

Paullnus, a patrician, p. 97 
note 1. 

Pavement before S. Peter*8, 
how constructed, p. 47. 

Pavia, built by Brennus, p. 28. 

Pecci, Cardinal (Leo XIII), 
p. 137 note 1. 

Pelagius, pope, buried at S. 
Majy Major, p. 85 ; changes 
date of wor^ip of Octavian 
and dedicates it to 8. Peter, 
p. 97> p. 102 note 3. 

Pelagius II, pope, p. 80 note 1. 

Perpetua, mother of Nasarius, 
p. 103. 

Perseus, p. 159. 

Persia, conquered, p. 18; re- 
volt of, p. 87 1 p. 100 note 1, 
p. 116 and note 1, p. 126 
note 1, p. 127, p. 189 and 
note 3 ; Sapor, king of, p. 189. 

Pesaro, p. 84 note 8. 

Peter, Bishop of Alet in Bar- 
gundy, p. 98 and note 1. 

I'etrus Mallius, p. 47 note 1. 

Phacee, King of Israel, Rome 
founded during bis reign, p. 5. 

Philip, emperor, believed to 
have been a Christian, p. 41 
note 1 ; choroh of S. Peter at 
Brescia dedicated in his reign, 
p. 41 note 1, p. 68 note 1, 
p. 98. 

Philip the elder and younger, 
emperors, p. 64. 

Philip II, emperor, an icono* 
dast, p. 58. 

Philip, kingof Macedon, p. 101 
note 2. 

Philippi, p. 107 note 2. 

Phocas, emperor, p. 58; permit! 
ooDMoration of PantheoOy 



p. 58 ; grants precedence to 

Roman Church, p. 61, p. 95 

note 2 ; called S. Phocas, his 

head at S. Marcellus, p. 140 

and note 2, p. 157* 
Phoebus, temple of, p. 25; 

origin of name, p. 25 ; statue 

of in Colosseum, p. 35 ; deri- 
vation of word, p. 85. 
Phoebus, a disciple of S. 

Clement, p. 106 and note 3. 
Phrygia, p. 94 note 1. 
Phrygia 8alut<iri$f p. 78 note 2. 
Piacenza (Placens), p. 103 and 

note 3. 
Piazza Navona, p. 51 note 2. 
PietcUis, arch of, p. 19. 
Piety, temple of, p. 134 note 2. 
Pigna, fountain of the, p. 46 

note 8. 
Pilate, p. 64 note 1, p. 75, 

p. 180 ; his bason, p. 136. 
HUnrs of the Annunciation, 

p. 71. 
Pincian hill, p. 11. 
Pinois, gives his name to hill, 

p. 11. 
IMttacus, p. 44 and note 8. 
Pius, pope, p. 104. 
Pius I, pope, p. 117 note 1, 

p. 117. 
Pius IV, pope, p. 126 note 2, 

p. 181 note 8, p. 158 note 1, 

p. 161 note 8. 
Pius V, pope, p. 74 note 8, 

p. Ill note 1. 
Pius YII, pope, p. 104 note 2. 
Pius IX, pope, p. 80 note 1, 

p. Ill note 1, p. 183 note 8. 
Placidia, p. 76 note 1, p. 80 

note 1. 
Plaiea Casiellij p. 161 note 8. 
Plato, his journey, p. 1. 
Platonia, the, at S. Sebastian, 

p. 67 note 8. 
Plautilla, story of, p. 180, 

p. 181 note 2. 
Plautilla, mother of FUvia 

Domitilla, p. 149 note 2. 
Plautus, p. 14 note 1. 
Pliny, p. 134 note 2. 
Poland, p. 45 note 8. 
Pole, cardinal, p. 162 note 2. 
Politanes, summoned by Ro- 
mulus to Rome, p. 6. 
Pompey, theatre of, p. 128 

note 2. 
Ponoiane (Ponza), island of, 

p. 149. 
Pons, Adiiani, p. 12 ; — , An- 

tonini, p. 12 ; — ^ Fahridi, p. 

18 ; — , Gratiani, p. 13 ; — , 

Milvius, p. 12, p. 12 ; — , Nero- 

nis, p. 12 ; — , Senatonim, p. 

18 ; — , Theodooi, p. 13 ; — ^ 

Yalentiniani, p. 13. 
Ponte di S. Angelo, called 



Donnerpruckf reason of same, 
p. 47 note 2. 

Ponte Galera, p. 180 note 1. 

Pontelli, architect, p. 70 note 1. 

Pontianus, cemetery of, p. 21. 

Poiitifex Maximus, bow in- 
ducted, p. 28. 

Pontius, martyr, p. 54. 

Ponza, p. 149 note 2. 

Pope Joan, fable of, p. 74 and 
note 3. 

Porta, Appia, p. 8 note 1, p. 8 
and note 3, p. 19, p. 20, p. 
21 ; — , Asinaria (Laterana), 
p. 9 and note 4 ; — , Aurelia, p. 
12 and note 2, p. 63 note 2 ; 
— , dello Brunoso, p. 12 note 
1 ; — , Campania (S. Paolo), 
p. 8 and note 1 ; •— , Capena 
(S. Paolo), p. 8 note 1, p. 66; 
— , ColUtina, p. 12 ancl note 
1 ; —, tlolina (CoUiua), p. 12 
and note 1 ; — , Flaminia, p. 
7, p. 12 ; Ootavian's tower 
near, p. 42, p. 148 note 2, p. 
163, p. 164 ; •— , Labicana or 
Lavicana, p. 10; — , LateranA 
or Asinaria, p. 9 ; — , Latina, 
p. 8, p. 20, p. 145 ; — , Lavi- 
cana (Liabicana), p. 10, p. 
79; — , Maggiore, p. 10 note 
2 ; — , Metronia (Triconia), 
stream parsing through tower 
of, p. 9 ; — , Nomentana, p, 
11 ; — , Pinciana, p. 11 ; — , 
Portuensis, p. 12 ; — , 8. Gio- 
vanni, p. 10 note 1 ; — , 8. 
Lawrence, p. 10 ; also called 
Taurina or Tiburtina, p. 10 ; 
— , 8. Pancras, p. 12 note 2 ; 
— , 8. Paul, p. 7 ; also called 
Capena and Campania, p. 8 
and note 1; miracle of 8. 
Silvester at, p. 8, p. 60 note 
2, p. 66, p. 130 ; — , a Peter 
in Adriano, p. 12 note 1 ; — v 
Salaria, p. 11, p. 83 note 2; 
— , della Salciocia, nt Viterbo, 

LIO note 3 ; — , Taurina (8. 
wrence), p. 10 ; — , Tibur- 
tina (8. Lawrence), p. 10 ; — , 
Triconia (Metronia), p. 9. 

Portico of 8. Angelo to Vati- 
can, p. 25 note 3. 

Porticus Oallatorum, p. 170 
note 1. 

Porto, p. 114 note 1, p. 181 
note 1. 

Potterulai iuxta, n, 92 note 1. 

Pratellus, one of the naked 
men of the Caballus, p. 29. 

Pretextatus, cemetery of, p. 
20. 

Pretextatus, father of 8. Ana- 
f tasia, p. 99. 

Pretorian Guard, p. 68 note 2. 

Friioilla, oemeiery of, p. 20; 



18i 

Aiieaverj of in 15P0, p. 31 

note 3, p. 141 nole 1. 
PriMill«._p, 117lic.te2. 
Priaeui Tftrqainiu^, treh of, 

p. 45 kD<l noM 2; circus ot, 
ji. 46. 

FtobiM, emptror, p. 56. 
Prockte, fsllier of AtniliuJ, p. 

Frocopiiu, p. la note 1, p. I2fl 

Prcvpar, notu; to Pnpe Leo, 

p. S7 Mid DOl« 1. 
PmlMiuii, p. 103, p. 113. 
Provoow, p. 67 note I. 
PnbUnt, htxband ot S. An>- 

■tuiA,p.tl9uiluotel, p.lOO. 
Pabliiu Gaiui, p. 42 note 1. 
Pudeiu, p. 117 Dote 3; dU- 

Olple of 8. Peter, p. 117, p. 

147 note 4. 
Punioui, p. 117 note 1. 
PurUndrnr, p. 44 nnd m 
pTTklnld of Ceiliui, p. 8. 
F^lwgnnu, p. 1. 



«3. 



, p. 134 



QuintiliQi, emperor, p. B5. 
QniotUB (^tiuf, ki MucuiC. 
QuirikCDi, Christ ian name of 

Jndkt, who found tbe Holj 

CroM, p. 146. 

Qoiriii*, p. n. 

Qulriiw], p. 43 nole 1 ; — 
Hiace, p. 6S note 3, 
QniiiDl, cknUnal, p. 115 note 



U, jailer of Pope A lei - 
I, p. US and note ; his 
■■ion, p. Gg. 
QDiriDoi, jailer of Hennei. p. 
IbS ; endeavonn to penoade 
hii priuner to abandon tbe 
Cbrutian faith, p. 108; i* 
converted, together with hii 
daughter Balbinft, bj a mirm- 



^.v- 



.e 2 ; fate SS. AUon and Sennen, p. IIS 



p. 4 notu 3. 
Reatjbe. p. 14. 
BeJempta, pp. lCO-1. 
Itpggin, p. H7 note I. 
Remuf, slain, p. 4 ; captured 

and brought to Munitor, p, B ; 

death of, p. 6 and note 1 ; 

wh?re buried, p. 8 ; palaoe of, 

p. 17, p- 50 nnte 3. 
Rheim«, p. 147 note 2. 
Rhodel, p.36notel. 
Rhone, valle; oF, p. 121 cute 1. 
Riarto, cardinal, p. 138 note 3. 
Bioinier, p. 117 note I. 
Riex, p. 57 note 1. 
Sipa Greca. p. 167 note 1. 
Robert Guiscard, p. 105 note 1, 



>. ISS n 



el. 



Romen, daughter or cousin to 
AcDPW, fliea from Tmir to 
Italy, Rotne named after her, 
p. 4, 

Romula, pp. 100-1. 

Romuliu, born, p. 4 ; eomei to 
Munitor in leftrch of Remui, 
p. 5; kill* Amiliae, p. b; 
cnlld rariaui nations to Rome, 

f. 6 ; appointi senators and 
nights, p. 7 ; taken up to 
liearen, p. 7 ; called QuirinuH, 
p. 7. p. 14; together uiih 
Celienne fights the Latin 
tribe»,p.]5; palace of, p. 16, 
p. 53 ; temple of Romulus, eon 
of Huentiua, p. i2 note 3. 
Romulus and Remus, found 
Rome, p. S; exposed, p. 5, p. 
5 note 1 : fuund bj Kaustulus 
and Liipa, p. B ; dispute be- 

burial-place, p. 47 and note 3. 
Romulu* poathuiuiis, p. 53, 
Ruiiea, p. 59 nole 1. 
RueeUai, a pilgrim of 1*50. p. 

63 note 3. 
Riiioiirt, Dim Thierri, p. 160 

notes. 
Rulera of Ronic, chapter on, 



Radegund, emprees, p. 115 ; 

her ordeal, p. 116, 
Bakee, we Cultivation, p. 6 

note 2. 
RampoUn, cardinal, p. IDS 

notel. 
B^ael, p. 01 DoU 1, p. 104 

Dote 3. 
Ravenna, p. 69 note I, p. 77 

note 3, p. 113 note 1, p. 140, 

p. 141 note 3, p. 167 noU 1. 
Re*, daughter of Munitt>r, p. 4 : 

gives Urth lo Romulus and 



Sabinella. p. 117 and note 3. 
Sabinea.summaned to Rome by 

Romulas, p. A : npe of Sabine 

women, p. 7. 
SaMnua, pope, p. 157. 
Saerammfurfici oft), Gregory, 



8. AbKuk, p. 127 ud n 



AdauctuB, p. 130 and note 1. 
Agapitus, p. 130 note 1. 
Aignei, p. 76 and note 1 ; 
ler ward, p. 114. 

Aloiandw I, pope. p. 88 
lote 2, p. lOS note L 
Alexis, buried In Church of 
R. Boniface, p. 16 and aote 1, 
p. 17. p. SB, p. 134, p. 134. 
' Amator. p. 64 note I. 

Ambrom, writes book in 
honour of Emperor Gratiaa, 
p. 18; his Ezamtroii, p. 3S, 
p. 65, p. 65, p. 103 note 3, 
p. nil note 1, p. 136 notel. 
S. Anunias, p. 130 and note 1. 
i4. Anaetasia, uiartyred, p. 56 ; 
buried at B. Crooe, p. 74 : 
feast of, p. 76 ; * wealthy 
Christian, p. 69; wedded ta 
a heathen, lives apart from 
bim, p. 99 ; imprisoned, p. B9 ; 
her judge atrook blind, p. 99 ; 
banish^ to /run la PaimarUtt 
p. 99 ; martyred, p. 100 and 
notel, p. 137, p. ISSnuteL 
S. Andrew, his altar at 8. 
Peter's, p. 53. 
a Anne, p. 130. 
S. Anteros, pope. p. 68 note 1. 
S, Anthony, p. 110 note 1, p. 



144. 



.. 57 . 



> ): 



disciple of S. Peter, p. 142; 

goes to Ravenna, p. 142; tor- 
mented, p. 143: hu niiiacica, 
p. 143; again tortured and 
banished, p.l43i raises dake'a 
danghter from dead, p. 113 ; 
martyrdom, p. 143 and not« 2. 
S. Appropinanos, p. 131 anil 

S. Arohemius. p. 130. 
8. Athanaaius, p. 110 
SS. Attica and Artemia, p, 
note 2. 
8. Audactus, p. ISO and 
8. Audib, p. 137 and not* 
S. Aurea, p. 93 and note 3, 
S. AuspiciuB, p. 149 nola S 
S. Aostin, his account of 
Sibyl and Auguatui, p. 40; 
writes against Manlchaeaiu, 
p. 56, p. 56 ; writes dt eivitatm 
Dei, p. 57 i diet, p. 57 ; hia 
body translated to Pa via. p. 58 , 
p. SO, p. SO ; hermita of, 
p. 92 : hiadeniniUfiAiMsacr. 
Serift., p. 106; hermita oX, 
p. 133 ; his de morihiu eectr- 
riat, p. 147, p. 164 ; hemuto 
of, p. 164, p. 167. 
S. Balbina, hill of, p. IS [ 
dnoghter of Quirinui, her 
charity, p, 108 note 1, p. 







1 


^1 


INDEX 


^^^^^^^iS^^^^^^^^^^^B 






B. Conwinlia, p. 82 note 2. 
SS. Coemo and Damian, come 


Gregory, p. p. ^^^^^^^^^| 




wia S. MaUbew'i, p. 57. 


note B : miracle in hi> time at ^^^^^^^H 




p. 110. 


from Arabia, p. 121 ; tor- 


CaateiaAngelo, p, 12. p. S3 ^^^^^^^H 




S. BudlidM, p. 103 Bote 1. 


meottd and martyred by 


^^^^^^^^H 




8. Benlril. p. 180 »ild noK 1. 


Lyaiae, pp. 121-2 and note 1 ; 
rdieaof, p. 140. 


Peter'a. p. S8; hia body, p. 63, ^^^^^^^^H 




8. Benedict, bU .Itw «t a. 


63 note 2 ; his Mnaa and the ^^^^^^^M 




Pml'i, p. 67 ; vigil of, p. 




p. urders stationn ^^^^^^^^^^^| 




77. 


8. Criipoa. p. »1 note 1. 


to be held. p. p. S8 note ^^^^^^^H 




S. BniedicU, p 91 note 1. 


8. Cyprian, p. SS nolo 1, p. 97 


p. 89 note 1; hU fOth ^^^^^^^M 




S. Bemitrd, crnsMle of, p. flO, 




bomily on BedempU, p. 1 00 ; ^^^^^^^M 
reada homily at S. Clement, ^^^^^^^^^1 




p. 169 uid note 3. 


S. Cyriaouj, p. ISO note 1. 




S. BibiuA, her hud atS. Miry 


Sft 3. CiriacDf. 


lOG note p. p. 112 ^^^^^^^H 




M«jor, p. 86 »nd note 1. 


B.C7rilIa),p.l07aDdDotel. 


note 1, p. 113 note 8, p. ^^^^^^^H 




&Brj'd«,.pokeiitobjcrudfix 
ftt S. P»ul'., p. 87. 


a CyrioBi, p. 103 note 1. 


p. p. ISO note 3 : miracle ^^^^^^| 




H. DamaaoB, pope, p. 128 note 2, 


the angel, p. 156, p. 1G7, ^^^^^^^H 




S. Calni, p. S3 note 2, p. 123 


p. lao and note 2. 


169 note 1, p. 170 note ^^^^^^^H 




not* a. 


S. Demetria, p. BSnotel. 
». Dania, h>> bookt translated. 


8. Helen, her body tmnflnted. ^^^^^^^H 




aC»Ui.t<«,popB.p.89notol; 


p. note 1 ; presenTa ^^^^^^^^^^^| 






p. 59, p. 68 note 1, p. 182 


r^lioa (0 a Crooe, p. 77 ; her ^^^^^^^H 




p. Ill note 1. 


notes. 


chapel called Jeruaalem, p. ^^^^^^^H 




B. Candidu*. p. 121 mod noU 1. 


RS. Digna nod Emerita, p. 132 


p. Roet to Jeruaaiem ^^^^^^^1 






notes. 


in aearch of the cr«a, p. ^^^^^^H 




Qotcl. 


8, DominJo, p. 88 note 1; 


Juda. reve»la where ^^^^^H 






miraoulonely Mived, memorial 


hidden, p.128. p. 12SnoteI, ^^^^^^H 




note 3, p. 117 note 4. 


thereof, p. 87. 


p. t4S and note 1. p. ^^^^^^H 




S. Cecilia p. 7 ; n»rtjred, 


K Domililla. p. 14eoote2. 


p. ^^^^^M 




p. !>4 ; buried in cemcter; of 


S. Dnnalan, p. 83 note 1. 






Callixtiu, p. 69 1 muried to 


S. Edward, p. 83 note 1. 


a Ignatius, p. and note 1. ^^^^^^^^^1 




Tiburtius, p. 109 ; inirtyred 
in hor own liouM and buried 


8.E«do.i.,p.97notol. 


p. 29 note ^^^^^^H 
S. Jamea, hia miracnloua ap ^^^^^^^H 




8. Eusshioi, a priest during 






reign ofConttan«neU,p. 133; 


pearance to hi) brother, p. ^^^^^^^^H 
killed by Herod Agrippa, ^^^^^^^H 




nol«l; her piety, p. 110. 


impriKined, dies in priion. 




S. CelMlint, po«, p. 166 Dote 1. 
a Ceuri ua. burled >t S. Croce, 


p. 184 and note 1. 


p. p. p. roartvr- ^^^^^^^^H 




S. Fabian, pope, bnried at 


p. 103 ; relic of, p. 187. ^^^^^^^^H 




p. 76 ond note 3 ; hia fe«at, 




note pp. ^^^^^^^M 




^76. 


e1eot«d pope by a miracle, 


p. 120 note ^^^^^^^H 




8, Chrjwigpniw, p. 7 ; »« chap- 


p. 66 ; ordeia fiiat martyr- 


Jerome, speaka of Pytha- ^^^^^^^^^H 
goras's travel*, p. own ^^^^^^^^^1 




ter on S. AuMtotia, |p. 99- 


olocy to be compiled, p. SB. 
8. FauatinuB, p. 130 and note 




100 and note 1, p. lOS note 


p. 1 ^^^^^^^^^H 




2 ; pemecnted by Dioclotifin. 


1. 


writes dt diifnnriii locortn, ^^^^^^^^^^^H 




p. 137; tempted to abjure 




p. p. note p. 5S; dial ^^^^^^^H 




ChHKtianitj, p. 187; rsfuKS, 


S. Felii, martyr, p. 130 and 






and it martyred ad aquai 


note 1. 


p. 67 and note 3; bis body at ^^^^^^^H 
a Mary Major, p. 8S ^^^^^^^H 




jriirfa(a..p.I37,p. 188 note 1. 


S. Felii, pope. p. 82 and note 2. 




8. Oriaca, p. 104 note 2. 


8. Firmin, p. 63 note 2. 


remark on Origen's wnrka, ^^^^^^^^^| 




a CWaoui <Cyri«cuiJ, p. 106 ; 


a Focaii. p, HO note 2. 


p. p. note p. 129 ^^^^^^^H 




p. 180 and note 1. 


S. Franda, p. 134. 


note 1, p. 129, p. 144. ^^^^^^^H 




8. Ciriacu*, desooa of Pope 


S. Gabinui, p. 123 and note t, 


a Jobn Baptiat. ehapel of, ^^^^^^^H 




8. Marcellui, p. 138 ; pnw- 
CDtad by DiocfetiaD, p. 188 ; 


p. 124 note 2. 


closed to women, p. 71 ; reliea ^^^^^^^M 




a Galla, p. 170 and nolei 1 






ewtt out do*il from amperor'i 


and 4. 


Crocr, p. alain by Herod ^^^^^^^^^| 




IwT. p. 189; ii lent to Baby- 


aGwnaliel.p. SO note 2. 

a Owrge, hln head ebown, 


Antipaa, p. bead of, ^^^^^^^H 




p. IS2 and note p. ^^^^^^^H 




lon, p. 139 : casta out devil 


pp. 87-8 and note 1. p. 88; 
note 2 ; decision of Nicene 






from king-a daughter, p. 139 ; 
bapliiM king and U> family. 


p. p. 97 note 1. ^^^^^^^M 




aJohDofEphesni,p.34 notes. ^^^^^^^M 




p. 139; martyred by Hail- 


Coonoil.p. 88; bom inCaj^Mt- 

docia, kiUa the dragon and 


S. John Evangelist, martyr. ^^^^^^1 




mian, p. 189 and note 3. 


doDi, p. p. 34 note 3; reltoe ^^^^^^^^^| 






i^onv*rW the king, ^ 88 ; tor- 


p. 73; pretKhoa before ^^^^^^^^^| 




p. 103; third pope after 
8. Peter, p. 108 and nola 3 ; 


mented and martyred, p. 88 ; 


Domitian,n.74^irveapiotnni ^^^^^^^M 
oronrLor<ltoPoly.:vp.p.T6, ^^^^^^H 




patron »Int of England, 




hiiEpiitletoS.Janiei,p.l06: 


pp. 88-e ; apparition of at lirga 
of JerBialam, p. 89. 


p. put tun of ^^^^^^H 




hie meekneae. p. 106; exiled 




by Trajan, p, 106 ; martyred 
p. 106; mWle of. p, 106. 


SS. Gerva*ii» and Protaaliu, 


p. 115 ; Domttian ordeia him ^^^^^^^H 




p. 108 not* 3. 


to be a«nt l« Rome, p. 116 ^^^^^^^H 




p. 107 note 2; body Iran.- 
Ut«I, p. 107. 




and note 8 ; exiled to F.tme., ^^^^^^H 




1. 

Bl. 


p. p. ^^^^^^^^^1 


J_ 






.^H 



BiH 


iP 


PH 


^^^^^^H m John u'l p. Dola 


ISB note S ; elected in time 


not«2: criiciEiioD again meo- ^^^| 


^^^^^^^H 2, p. 91 note in ConiUn- 


of MMeotiu., p. 140; dedi- 


tjnned, p. 69 and note 1, p. ^^^1 




cate 9. Mary i« Fin Lata. 


70 ; burial, pp. 69-70, p. 7B ^^ 
note 1 ; persecuted by Herod ' 


^^^^^^^^^^^^1 her properly, p. 


p. HI ; church made a .table, 


^^^^^^^^^^^^B Julian the Apostate, bearinK 


in same, nod die>, p. 141 ; ii 


Agrippa, p. 96 ; miraculoudy 


^^^^^^^H lhi«, tends ror 


delivered, p. 96 ; oUins found 


^^^^^^^^^H the; p. 


the Rnt to institute cardi- 


by Eudoiin. p. 96 ; Augot- 
tus-s feast-day de<ncateJ to 




nals, p. 141 ; body found 


^^^^^^^H ucrifiee, thej p. 


during alterationi of 1869, p. 


him, p. 96; baptiies Africa- 


^^^^^^^^^H inkrtrred, p. 


1*1 note 1. 


nua and Perpetoa, p. 108; 


^^^^^^^^^H nwn p. ihaj 


a Mario., p. 127 note 1. 


appoints his socoeMor, p. 109 
and note 2 ; miraculoialy 


^^^^^^^^^^^^1 devil from bos of 


a Mark, pope, p. 116 note 3. 




a Martha, p. 127 note 1. 


117; concealment revealed, 


^^^^^^H p. 


B. Martial, p. 162 nolo 1. 


^^^^^^^H B. John I. pope, p. 92 doW 2, 


8. Uanin, ocuve of, i> the 


p. 117; itone on which he , 


^^^^^^^^^H 


feait of deHioatioii of a 


wept, p. 136, p. 137, p. na. 1 


^^^^^^^H S. Joieph, hu hoM M a. Mu7 


Peter's, p. 63; and of S. 


p. 143 note 3. p. 143, p. 149. 


^^^^^^H p. 


Paul'i. p, 67. 


p. 149 note 4, p. 161, p. ISO. 




a Martin, pope, p. 131 ; ealla 


p. 163 and note 2. p. 199 




Council, p. 18'2 ; emperor 




^^^^^^^H a joiiui, pop«, p. 




8. Peter, companion to Mar- 


^^^^^^^^^H S. Largui, p. note 1, 


bim, p. 132; exited to Cher- 


cellinue. converts his jailer. 


^^^^^^^H p. 1S9 note 3. 


snn, and dies, p. 132 and 


p. 118; martyred, p. 114 and 


^^^^^^^H S. Laurence, diiciple of SIxtiu, 


note 2. 


note. 


^^^^^^^^^H p. ; manjrdoiD p. 


8. Martinisnus, relici of, p. 63 


8a Peter and Paul, p. 46 ; 


^^^^^^^^^H a 


and note 2. 


their bodies divided, p. 63. p. 


^^^^^^^^^^^^B p. note 
^^^^^^^^^H S. Crooe, p. buried with 


a Matthew, his body and that 


66; laidintheC«tacomU,p. 
69; hea.le shown in Holy 


ofS. Barnabas found with hi. 


^^^^^^^H a StepLen, p. 80 miracle of. 


Gospel, p. 67 ; hli body at a 


Week. p. 73 and note 1, p. 


^^^^^^^^^1 on arrival of S. Stepliea'a 


Mary Majnr, p. 86. 


DS note 1, p. 117 note 2, p. 


^^^^^^B bod;, p. 83 not« 2 1 


S. Maurioins, p. 121 nnte 1. 


130 note 1. p. 122 note 4 ; 


^^^^^^^H p. p. »T ; bin 


8. Maurm, p. ISO and nolo 1. 


appear to Plaulilla, p. 131, p. ) 


^^^^^^^^^H torment martyrdom. 


8. Menna, p. B2 and note 3. 


161. 


^^^^^^^^^M note Mvei 






^^^^^^^^^^^V of Emperor ' Herrv ', p. 116 




.tom),p.l43no^3.' 


^^^^^^P diKipie to s. siitu>, p. na 


of, p. 83. 


S. Petronilla, relics of, p. 63 ; 


^^^^^H jotDi him in hit mutTTdmn, 


aNabor, p. lOSnotel. 


called also S. Pamel, p. 


^^^^^^V o>»i>" >t 


8. Kaiariur, p. 103 note 1, 


124. 1 


^ church in Lueiiia, p. 123 ; 


SS. Nanrios and CeUus, p. 


a Philip, p. 102 and note 4 ; 1 


^^^^r hi) miraclM, p. 1113, p. 129. 


103 note 1. 


martyrdom of, p. 103, ^^H 


^^^V S. Laiarus. p. 




S. Phoca*.p. 140note3. ^^H 


^^^H 8. Leo, p. 67 note 1 ; hi. altar 


149 »ul note 2. 


a Plautilla, p. 131 and note 3. ^^M 


^^^H at S. Petcr'i, p. 63 ; hU body, 


a Nicholas, p. ISO, p. 131; 


a Polycarp, brings S, Luke'a ^^H 


^^^H 


hie life of absUnence and ri^ 


picture of our Lord to Rome. ^H 


^^^H S. Udqi, p. 103 note 8. 


tuB. p. 184 ; patron of mari- 


p. 76. 1 


^^^H S. Loneioi (1 Longinui). p. S2. 
^^^H a Locfa, p. 130 and note 1. 


ner*, p. 1S5; choMn bishop. 


a Praxedia, p. 117 and notat i 


p. 135 and note 3. 
Sa Novatiui and Timotheiu, 


1 and 2. p. 14S and note 1. 


^^^H S. Ludna. p. eS note 2, p. 122 


9. Prise* (PriacUU), daughter 


^^H notes. 


p. 117 note 9.. 


of a consd, p. 149 and note ' 
1 ; aocus«t of being a Chris- 


^^^H R. Lnke, prepare* (o punt 
^^^H portrait of our Lord, p. 76 : 
^^^B flndi it painted by an angel. 


S. Nympha, p. 64 noU 1. 


a Panoras, p. 7 ; feast of, p. 


tian.?. 149; refdse. to sacri- 


61 notea, p. 70; head of, p. 


fice, p. 160; tormented and 


^^H p. 76 ; picture given to Foly- 


73 and note 2. 


martyred, p. 160 and note 1. 1 


^^^^H carp, p. 7S; hi) picture at 


8. Papias, p, 31 noU 3. 


S. ProcBiBux, retioa of, p. 69 ^^M 


^^^H 81. Mary Major and hii arm. 


a Pastor, perhaps brother of 


and n..te ^^1 


^^^^H p. B6 ; hi* picture at a Mary 


Pins I, p. 7< notes. 


3. Proeper, p. 67 note I. ^^^H 


^^^H of the People, p. 13(, p. 18G 


a Paul, head of carried away 


a Pndens, p. 117 note 3, p. ^^M 


^^^^H and note 1. 


and hidden, p. 97 ; martyr- 


147 note 4. ^^H 


^^^H 8. Magnoi, p. 190 note 1. 
^^^H S. Mamart, Biihop of Vianne, 


dom and burial, p. 70 and 


S-Pudenziana. p. lUnoteil ^^M 


note 1, p. 80 and note 2, p. 


and 2, p. 148 and note 1. ^^H 


^^H p. 


SI noU. 1 ; legend of PUu- 


a Quartus, p. 120 note 1. ^^H 


^^^B ^ Man»llinu>, baptiui Peter'i 


tiUa, pp. 130-1 ; hi* F.pisUe 


SS. QuatHor Cannali, bill ot, ^^H 


^^^H jailer, p. Ill and note 1; 


to the Epbeiiani. p. 163, p. 


p. 19 ; martyred, pp. 127-8, ^^M 




161. 


p. lis noU 1. ^H 




a Peter, picture of his meet- 


a Quiriacui, p. 1 46 note I. ^^M 


^^^1 nottl. 


ing with our Lord, p. 21; rite 
ofliis onidfixioo, p. 43, p. 63 


8. QuiriUa, p. 3! note 3. ^^M 


^^m S. H^crilti., pope, p. 13S, p. 


aqulrintu, p. lOSnolel. ^^H 











INDEX 


IS7 ^^^^^1 




iilver choit. p. 80 ; remoTed 


Samaritan woman, the, p. 180. ^^^^^^^| 


100-1. p. 101 aotel. 


loCon«t*ntinoplB.p,Sl; tent 


Banuon, p. note 1; palla >^^^^^^^^H 


8. IUtpiciu»,p.81»ndootel; 
nuai iiisn from dead, p. 93 ; 


to Rome, p. 81 ; finally tmn»- 


p. 36 nole ^^^^^^^M 


Uted to S. Uvrence'e, p. 61, 


SoMcla Sanctorum , p. 16S ^^^^^^^^^| 


mwtYred. p. 04. 


p. 97 and note 1 : bi* martyr- 


note ^^^^^^^^^1 


S. Boniknui, p. 82 Dole 2. 


dom, p.- 125, p. 130; brother 


Sangallu, p. 81 note ^^^^^^^M 


8. S«biDk, p. B7 r>ote2 ; daugh- 


8ansovino, p. 140 note I^^^^^^^^H 


tei of HEFod MeUlluiua, p. 


bi. head, p. 146. 


Sapor, King of PeraU, p. 139 ^^^^^^^H 


86; niMTied to Valentine, 


8. Suwiina. trantiation of, 


note ^^^^^^^H 


■nd friend of Ser«pbii^ p. 86 ; 


p. 123 and note 4 : formotly 
believed to be SuMnna of the 


Saraoena, defeated owing to ^^^^^^^^H 


Seraphia martyred, p. £S ; 


B. George, p. ^^^^^^^^H 


Berillui attemptu to perrert 


Old Teatament, p. 124 ; her 


HI note ,^^^^^^1 


bei, p. 86 ; tried and itar- 


piety, p. 121 and note 2. 


Sardica, coancil p. 110 ^^^^^^^H 


tyrid. p. 87. 


S. Svithin, p. SG note 1. 




8. Sakxne, p. 14S and note 3. 


88. Thomajna and Ilo)(atuB, 


Saturn, builds a oity on ^^^^^^^^^| 


8. SatuniiiiDi, p. 3t note 1. 


p. Ill note 1. 


totine. p. 3 ; Janua deified ^^^^^^^H 




8.Thoma., hii body brought to 


p. ^^^^^^^H 


martyred, p. 66 ; hii altw, 


Edi«a, p. 18. 


Saturuia, a town on tbe Capi- ^^^^^^^H 


p. 86 and note 2, p. 144. 


a. Thoma* of Canterbury, arm 


p. ^^^^^^^H 


a Semphis, p. 87 nota 1. 


and veitment of, at S. Mary 


Satuminuj, p. ^^^^^^^^H 


8.SerapioD, p. llOnotel. 


Major, p. 66: hU boapital 


Sca!a Cell, p. p. ^^^^^^^M 


8 SeveruK, p.l27, p. 128 nol« 1. 


(the pre.ent Engliih College), 


p. ^^^^^^^^^1 


8. SevBrianas, p. 127, p. 128 


p. 167, p. 187 and note 3. 


Suipio BorgbeM, cardinal, p. 89 ^^^^^^^^H 


nolBl. 




^^^^^^H 


H. Silverter, miracle of, p. S ; 


S. Timothy, p. 130 and not« 1. 


Scola GraeeoTMrn, p. 167 ^^^^^^M 


made lurd of Borne, p. 36; 


a Titqe. p. 130 and note 1. 


and notea 1 and 3. ^^^^^^^M 


dertrojg idoU at Cnlowam, 




Seola Xanfh-.p. 44 note 2. ^^^^^^^H 
Secretariat of Nero, p. ^^^^^^^^^1 


p.8fi; eonteet w!tb the de»il. 


p. 93; 8. Tryphon baptia-d, 


p. 36 and note 1, p. 92 


p. S3; cuiei ohild, p. 98; 


Side, (or Sella) SUreorarta, ^^^^^^^M 


notB 2; diTJdea lelies of 


laiKe man from dead, p. 98; 


n note ^^^^^^^H 


S8. Peter and Paul, p. 66, 


martyred, p. 94 and note 1. 


Hem, Kin of Koah, anceator of ^^^^^^^^^1 


p. 71 and Kote 1; oonse- 


8. Tryphonia, p. 82 note 3. 


Medea, Feniana, and Greeki, ^^^^^^^M 


crated Lalerao, miracle, p. 


8, Urban, martyred, p.B4:oon- 
•ecriteg Chunih of 8. Cedlia, 


^^^^^^M 


7S ; preaohei to Conslantine, 


Senate, chooee Agrippa to aub- ^^^^^^^^^^^H 


ioKiipUoD recording Ihif, 


p. no. 


due p. 37 ; wiah to ^^^^^^H 


p. 74 note 1; c^isocnte. 
k Ci»ce, p. 78, p. 77 ; gi™ 


a. Ursicinui, p. 118 note 1. 




S. Valentine, p. 148 and note 2. 


Senator*, appointed by Romu- ^^^^^^^^^H 




a Valerian, martyred, p. 64. 


p. 7 : arch of p. ^^^^^^^H 


p. 124, p. 131 and DOte 8, 


K. Veronica, her altar, p. 61 


Seneca, p. ^^^^^^^^^1 


p. 132 aud nole 3, p. 141, 


note 3, p. 64 nole 1. 


Sennen, tit Abdon, p, 116 ^^^^^^^M 


pp. 168-7, p. 186 note 3. 


8. Viotorinu., p. 127, p. 128 


^^^^^^^^M 


8. Simmetriui, p. US note 2. 


notel. 


SrpHmtiiephero, name for it«- ^^^^^^^^^H 


SS. Simon ud Jude, altar at 


S. Vincent, p. 76 nole 1 ; relic 


tue of M. Anreliua. p. 31 J^^^^^l 


S. PeWr'i, p. 63 ; their bodiei. 


of, at B. Croee, p. 77. 


^^^^^^H 


p. 68. 


S. Vinoeotioe, p. ]20Datel. 




8, Rimpliciiu, p, 130 and note 1 , 


3. Vitnle, father of S8. Gor- 




8. aUlu.. pope:, martyred, p. 8, 


vatiuaand Protairiiii, p. 112 ; 




p. S4, p. 81 ; bom at Atheni, 


GonsulatMilan. p. 112; eon- 




p. 119 ; eomat to Rome, elected 


Tenion of, goes to Ravenna, 




pope, p. 119 : peTMOOtion of. 


p.ll2; encourage! aChriiUan 


holy, p. ^^^^^^H 


p. 119; refoMa to caerifice. 


on way to death, p.ll2; tried. 


l^pulturoa, of Romula* and ^^^^^^^^^1 


p. 119 ; martyred, p. 130 and 


and crueUj martyred, p. 113 


RemoB, p. p. 60 nou 3, ^^^^^^H 


notal. 


and note 1. 


^^^^^^^^H 




8. Yiidor*. p. 65. 


Seraphia, p. ^^^^^^M 


p. 139 note S. 


8. Zoilun, p. 137, p. 138 and 


Serapion, p. ^^^^^^^H 




note 2. 


Serena* ^Severua), p. ^^^^^^^^H 


S. Stepben, pope,when> buned. 




Dote ^^^^^^^^H 


p. 68. p, 78 note 2, p. 120 


Salaria, curioui reveraal la de- 


Sergiua 11. pope, p. 131 not. 3. ^^^^^^M 


note 1, p. 132 note S. 


rivation of name, p. 11 note 3. 


Sergina III, pope, p.71 note 1. ^^^^^^^^^1 


note 2 1 buried with S. Lau- 


SaUmil,p.45; forum of, p. 123 


tiergiue IV, pope. p. 77 nole ^^^^^^M 




Kervia. p. note ^^^^^^^H 
Serviua Tulhu., agger of, p. 88 ^^^^^^^M 


renue. p. 60 ; Bnt buried It 


notes. 


GamaUel, p. 80 and note 2 ; 
place rete^ed in vlr'oo, p. 80 ; 


Salome, mother of 8. John 


^^^^^M 


Evangeliet, p. 118 and note 3. 


^ieuorian palace, p. note 1. ^^^^^^^^^1 


removal of body, p. 80 and 


Salvatio Rumuc. made by Vtr- 


p. ^^^^^^^H 


note 3: eratory of, at Jeru- 




Stllr Sale, the, diecriptioii, ^^^^^^^^^1 


^^ aUen., p. SO; body placed in 


and note 3. 

Bb2 


note ^^^^^^^H 



SevBruu, governor of Cartas 

goak, p. 29 DuCe 2. 
SeverikDU*, p. 127, p. 128 



deioriptioii of, p. Cil a, 



Ud 



el. 



Qi), p. 



Aleiander, p. 16; 

lUdium oF, p. 142 note 1. 
B«viUo, p. 21) Dote 2. 
Sfona. Riuio, Canliul, p. 104 

note 2. 
Sheha, Queen of, p. 163. 
Uibjl uf Tibur, uoniulted by 

Augoatiu, p. 40 1 futs and 

iiietit* emperor, p. 40. p. IBD. 
J^canJMU.gUTDinoneilbjBomu- 

lu« to Rome, p. S. 
Sicily, conquered, p. CO, p. 132 

note 2. 
Signnrili, p. 141 note I, p. 161 

QotoS. 
Silice, in, ite Cbuich of SS. 

Coamo and Duniui. 
Silra oaniliila. p. lit not« 1 ; 

tUva niijra, ibid. 
Himon Mngiu, caniitructi the 

C'auUuuu«,p.4e,p.l20 DoWZ. 
SimphoriuKU, p. 127. 
Slmplidua, pope, p. 20 note 4, 

P- 



SUfford, John, cardinkl, p. 107 
origin and meaDing 
StefMierchi, cardinal, p. 87 



TtaiJuui pacir, or palaM otM 
RomnluB, p. 17, p. 120. I 

Temptum lotia el Ihihk, p. U.I 

TeiuplainUtturit, p. 22 not«ft,J 
Toranoe, p. 14 note 1. 
Terentianai,kiUiS8.Jahiiu _ 
Paul, p. 91 : is Don verted, p. n. I 
Terne DioeUaaiie. p. 123. 
TernuTii, p. 133 note 8. 
TerraoJna, p. 78 nota S, p. IM fl 



le2. 



r the Vec- 



Stnbo, p 
Sudarj, a nam 

nacie, p. fl4. 
Suetoniiti, hii iBTiag of Caesar, 

p 25. 
Sim, temple of tbe, p, 34 note 

6. 
»ii*Iiic 



x 63. 



SjWeeter 11, pope, p. 76 Dot 

1, p. 77 note 2. 
Synunaohua, p. 170 ootei 1 an 

i^^ymmacbu), pope, p, 11 note! 

p. eOiiotel, p. IBl notes. 
Synnada, in Pbrygia, p. 1 

note 3. 
Synod, ot 594 A.O.. p. 10 



s™ 



helpSator 



Siriciui, pope, p. 113 note 3. 

Sixtua, p. 54. 

Sixtua, pope, p. 104. 

Sixtu* III, pope, p. 80 note 1, 
p. 83 note 2. p. 88 note 1. 

SiitDi IV, pope, p. 11 note 1, 
p. 36 note 1, p. BS note 1, 
p. 98 not« 3, p. 112 note 1, 
p. 148 note 3, p. 103 note 3. 

Suitni V, pope, p. 74 note 3, 
p. 83 note 2. 

Slave'* collar, froui S. Clement's. 
p. 105 note 1. 

Sleepsnij the levea, awakened, 
p. 67. 

SmaragiliH, p. 139 and note S. 

' iSolaoe of pilgrimei ', title of 
thi* book, p. 2. 

tkiliDa*, hi* da mirahiUbM 
nianA, on date of name of 
Home, p. 3, p. 4 ; liia account 
of the Palatine, p. 14. 

Solomon, pEllara of the temple 
of at a Peter'i, p. SI ; in- 
Bcription on, p. 65 ami note 1, 
p. 66; Uiram'a pillar* for, 
p.73:epithaIauiuiuof, p.lll, 
p. 153. 



Solou 



; hii 



laoa adopted by Nuuia, p. 63. 
Sophia, empnsi, p. 68. 
lipain, conqaertd, p. 48. 
^^Kirte, on onnf* (erro, p. IS ; 



p.*. 
T. 

Tnbema,merit<iria, p. Ill nolo 

TacJtoi, emperor, p. 56. 

Tanieie, nephew of Jiuiui,belpii 
to build city of Jnniculuni, 
P-8- 

Tarpeian rook, p. 23 note 1. 

Temple, of Ciwei, p. 23 note 2 ; 
— , of Coniwrdia, p. 21, p. 22 
note 2 : — , of Conoord and 
Pity [Venu* and Bome), 
p. 22; — ,of Flora, p.25; — ,of 
Endrian, p. 25 ; — , of Jem- 
•alem, p. 9U note 3 ; of Jnno, 
p. 42 note 1; _, of Japiter, 
p. 21, p. 26 and note 1, p. 28; 
—, of Mara, p 26 ; —,of Mer- 
cury, p. 31 note 2; — , of 
Minerva, p. 2S; on west aide 
of Capitol, p. 28 ; alte of 
CacBar'i ninrder, p. 28; — , ot 
Phoebus, p. 25; — , of the 
Sun,p.34note6; — .ofToUua, 
p. 22 note 3 ; — , of Venus, 
p. 22 ; — , of Vetta, p. 21, 
p. 28, p. 44 QOt« 3, p. 144 
note 1 ; — , of ' ye ladjr rooo ', 
p. 28. 

Temple- Leader, JobD, p. 62 



Thalea, p. 44 note 3. 

Thaso, a precioui iton^ p. 137. 

Tbeatre. of Alexander, p. IS ( J 

— , of Anthony (Marc), p. 18; r 

— , of Klaminiua. p. 18 ; — , of  

Noro, p. 18 ; — , of Pompaf, .1 

p. 18 ; — , of Tarquin. p. 18 f i 

— , of Titua and VeapaaiaO. | 

p. 18. 
Theatrea of Rome, gens 

account of, p. 18 note 1. 
Theban legion, the, p. 121 note % 

1.  

Thebea, p. 121. 
Thellophoma, pope, p. lOi. 
TheodulphuB, Biahop cf Or-1 

l^ana.p. 147andnate2. I 

Theodora, erDpre8i,p. 109 not* J 

1,  

Theodora, p. 29 note 3. 
Theodore, pope, p. 14S note 1. 1 
Theodoric, p. 57, p. 92 note 9,1 

p. 170 note 4. I 

TlKoflorietu Fauli, p. 145 noU I 

1. r 

ThoodoiiuB, emperor, hit andi J 

p. 13, p. 34 note 3, p. MJI 
j. 66 note 2. 
Theoiloiiua II, emperor, p. 1 

note 3 ; with Honurina, p. 5} 

with Valentinian. p. 67. 
Theodociua III, emperor, p. i9, J 

p. 81, p. 97 and note 1. ^ 

Theoduliu, p. 98 note 3. 
Thermet, a pulace, nun 

Diocletian, p. IMfl 



note 3. 
Tbeaaalonioa, p. 107 nc 
Thetford, p. 1 note !. 
Thmuia, in Egypt, 



• I. 



110 ni 



Tholome ;! Ptolemy), p. IE8. 

Thrace, p. 143 note 3. I 

Tiber, p. 9 note 1; bridKl 
keya of, p. 10 note 3, p. mI 
note 3, p. *7 note 2- 

Tiberiui, emperor, receiTaa t 
naked pbiloaopben, p. 29 ai 
note 6 ; believed to have boi 
baptized, p. il note 1 f I 
Tiberiui and the SudarlnB|T 
p. S4. " 





ITIDEX 


189 ^^^^^^ 


Tibariui II, impMOr. p. S8. 


TulUn. ud C»e«r, p. 25 note 


Vatican, palace, p. ^^^^^^| 


Tiberiaa III. emperor, p. fiS- 




Peter buried at, p. 69 ; otwin ^^^^^H 


Tlbur tTiToli), in luljeotiou to 


TuUiui (Cicero), p. 45. 


ofname. p. 70, p. 92nota3; ^^^^^1 


Home, p. 10. 




derivation word, p. 104. ^^^^^^^H 


Tibnrtiui, pp. 109-10, p. 110 


the Albani, p. 16, p. 53, 


VsUbmm. p. 87 note i. ^^^^^H 


nut« 2. 


p. 144. 
TariQ Libtuy, MS. in p. 22 


Venice, p. 59 note 1, p. 116, p. ^^^^^H 


TJUaroont, p. 129 noM 1. 


^^^^H 




Dole 4 ; calalo^e of, p. 74 


V.UU. t«npl. nf, p. 23. ^^^^H 


p. ISO note 1. 


note 3 ; codei, p. 144 notu 1. 


Vei^, mentieni Ecaader, p. ^^^^^H 


TUulMf, Aquilae tl PrUcaf, 


TiucuUna, ■oiutnoned by 


14 and note 1, p. ^^^^^H 


p. 1*9 not« i ; —, Siuilii, 


Romulu. to Rome, p. 6. 


goei inriaible to Naplee. p. 16 ^^^^^H 


p. ISl Dole S; Fa*ciotat, 


Tyrrell, William, p. 1 note 2. 


and note I ; make* tbe Sal- ^^^^^H 


^^M p. lis note 3; — , Ludnai, 




milio Bun.tc p. p. and ^^^^^^H 




U. 




^H p. M note 1 ; — , PatlorU, 


Ulpia. Baailioa, p. 49 note 3. 
Urlian, p. 109, p, 110 note 2. 
Urban V, pope, p. 71 not* 1. 
Urban Vlll, pope, p. 20 note 


hi. great knowledge, p. 27 ^^^^^M 


^^H p. 74 and note 3, p. 1 1 7 note 1 ; 


and note 1, p. 159 note 1, ^^^^^H 


^H —,Fudt»tii,f.m note 1 1—, 


16S note ^^^^^H 


^^1 &£>7Ht<n,p. ISlnoteSi— , 


Venucle, altar of. p. p. 64 ^^^^^H 


^^m — , VuHime, p. 112 note 1. 


4, p. SI note 1, p. 98 note 3, 


and note 1 ; aaid to have oome ^^^^^^^^H 


^H Tito*, wuhelwpbiedT, p.41 


p. 1-20 note 2, p. 158 notu 1. 
ifrcian, p. 113- 


in Navicella, p. ^^^^^H 


^■^ notel. 


Verulane (Vero!i\ in Cam- ^^^^H 


TiliuAociM. p. Snotel. 


UrMciui,p. 133. 


pania, p. 146 and note 2. ^^^^^^^M 


tltiu and VcapuUn. where 


Drtidnua (Utnnui), p. 129 


Verk>*,emperor,p.20nota5,p.E3. ^^^^^H 
V..pMian. uid to have h„n ^^^^^M 


buri«l,p. 16; pjjueur, p. 17; 


note 2. 


Mch of, p. 19, 


Urius, cemetery of, p, 30. 


baptiud, p. 41 note p. 143 ^^^^^1 


' Titu*,duoipleors.P>Dl,p. 180 


Vnut Toj^loi, p. 20 note 6. 


^^^^^1 


^m ^nofl. 


V. 


VMpaaian and Titoi, where ^^^^^^^1 




buried,p.16ip(klaoeor, p.17; ^^^^^H 


^H Joui faUa, p. 71 note 3. 


Valadiar, p, 138 note 2. 


p. ^^^^^^^H 


^B rc>rT< carrofoHa, p. 32. 


Valeni, emperor, p. 56 1 an 


Ve.U, temple 31. p. 38. ^^^^^H 


^H Toulotue, p. B8 note 1. 


ArUn, p. fi«. 


p. 141 note ^^^^H 
Veetina, p. 113 nuta 1. ^^^^^H 


^B Toon, p. S8 Dote 1. 


V»leut, an Arian in Uma of 


^H Tower Hii), p. 1 note 2. 




p. ^^^^^H 


^H Towm, in waU* of Biiine, p. 7 ; 
^F number of, p. 3. 


Vftlentine, hiuband of ti. Sabi- 
ne p. 86. 


Vi>.Appia,p.OauuMl,p.llS: ^^^^H 
_, Ardeatfna, p. 10 and not* ^^^^^H 


^ TraJM, palace of, p. 17; 


Va1enti.,i»u, Lia arch, p. 19. 


p. 139 I>ote 2, p. 119 now ^^^^^H 


Tnjui and the widow. 




160 note 3i Aurea, ^^^^^H 


pp. 19-20 »nd note 1; hU 


Valeni, p. 56 ; previoaily an 


or Aurelia, p. 69 note 1 ; alM ^^^^^H 


arch. p. 19, p. 49 n-.te 3. 


officer with Juliu tlie Apoa 


of )i. Petar'a uiartyrdooi, pp. ^^^^^^^1 
0II-7O, p. 7S note 2; — , del ^^^^^H 


p. S8 note 2. p. 106 and note 


tate. p. fie. 


1 ; bath, of, p. 131 note S. 




IlancU, p. 18 noW -, del ^^^^H 


Trajan and Hadrian, palace of. 


peror. p. 66,p. 8flnoto2. 
Valenlioian IIl,emperar with 


P*lWrlno,p. 128 »<>U3.- ^^^^H 
delta Vedaoohla. p. 43 noM 1 ^^^^H 


p. 48, p. IS notes. 




Tbeodotiui 11, p. 56, p. 73 


-, delh Rlpreea, p. 43 nnta ^^^^H 
1; -,delU&rof*,p,92nol« ^^^^H 


thrME*tMof,^7,^SI not* 
9, p. 109; Aqmai gradatat 
Mid bT wm« (0 be in, p. 137. 

nuonb, cmMUrr of. p. 20. 

Tr« FootaM (Simla Celi], 


noU 1, p. 90 note 1. 


Valenttoua, p. «7 not* 1. {Stt 


1 -, UUeu. (UvloMta), ^^^^H 


Valeollu..) 


1» not* 8, p. 13S note 1 i ^^^^H 


Valeria, wife of S. Vital., p. 


!-, Ut^ p. 141 note 1 1 —, ^^^^H 


112, p- lis. 




p. ItO note 3, p. lAU and noU 


Valeria, lUugbter of Uiu^l*- 




S. 


tian, p. 18» not* 3. 


Oeti....!., p. dw of ^^^^H 


Tr«tt}i, between Jet» ud 


Valerian. em|«ror with 0-1- 




Komiuii, table of, p. 45 ; oun- 


lianui, p. 54 1 bllDd«l hy 


ISU noM a, p. IBO note 1 ^^^^H 
Pa|»le, ^ 18 nota 4 1 — , ^^^^H 




King of Penia, p, 54, p. 82 


^^L Tr«rei, p. Ill oute 1, p. 120 


now 3. p. 130 note 1. 


H. Oiovaunl In LaUnuio, p. ^^^^^^^H 




ValerUnut, p. 109, p. tlO and 


189 nota 1; — .88. Qualtra ^^^^^H 


^H TrlboM Falu. in. Me Church of 


note!. 


CorooatJ. p. 160 nou 1; — , ^^^^^H 


^H 8S. Owno and DwuUd. 


Valerianu^p. 119; a Judje, 


Balaria, p. 31 ool* 1, 18» ^^^^^H 




p. 120, 
Van WingboD, Fl.ilip, p. 21 


n.>te 3, p. 141 not* 1 ; — , ^^^^^H 


THpbonia, 'iwiD martTr, p. B3. 


l-lburtUta, p. 8U nota 1 ; — , ^^^^H 




note 2. 


Urbana.p. 117n'A.l. ^^^^H 




Van den Wr ngaerde. A nlliony , 
hitpUo of Bome.p. a notes. 


VIotor, martyr, p. ^^^^^M 


now L *^ ' *^ 


Violor Kinanael, p. 12 not* 1. ^^^^^^M 


Troj, p. 4a note 3, p. 140, 


VuTO, p. 4 ; deaoriboi Fal*- 


Vlctorinui, martyr, p. 127, p- ^^^.^^^^^^^H 


p. 164. 


tine, p. 13 ; Aventin*, p. 14 ; 


128 nut* ^^^^^^^^H 


Tudenham, Sir Thoma*. the 


l'«piloUD«,F.]5i audCaeUao, 


Viclorlnui. tynoJ a(aln.l. p. ^^^^^^^H 


Mllior'i pstnai, p. 1 andbolel. 


p. 18. 


191 DM* ^^^^^^^H 



190 



INDEX 



t 



Vicn$, Jugariuif p. 169 note 2 ; 

— , Patriciu$, p. 117 note 1 ; 

— , Urtu9 PiUatui, p. 20 note 

4. 
Vlgilini, pope, p. 109 note 1. 
YUIa CunpanA, p. 169 note 1. 
YOU dellA Porta, p. 21 note 1. 
VilU Medici, p. 11 note 6. 
Yiterbo, keys of, p. 10 note 8. 
Yolto Santo, p. 158 note 1. 
Yolnnanof, p. 64, p. 64. 

W. 

Walls, condition of, p. 7 ; length 

of, p. 7 ftnd note 2. 
Warrington Wood, p. 169 note 

1. 



Wolf, thebrasen, of theCapitol, 

p. 36 note 1. 
Women, why not admitted to 

certain holy places, p. 77 And 

note 1. 
Woodhonse, Alice, p. 1 note 2. 



Xantha, Sohola, p. 44 note 2. 
Xerzet, King of Persia, p. 18. 

Y. 

Ynde (? IndU), p. 168. 
York, p. 126 note 1. 
Ypolitos, ite Hippolitns. 
Yiidore, Bishop of Spain, chro- 
nicle of, p. 29, p. 166. 



Z. 

Zaochaeas, p. 64 note 1, p. 124. 
Zacharias, father of S. John 

Baptist, his head, p. 73. 
Zacharias, pope, p. 87 note 4, 

p. 133 note 3, p. 169 note 1. 
Zacharias, book of, paraphrased 

by Eudosia, p. 97 note 1. 
Zebedeus, p. 137. 
Zelada, cai^nal, p. 131 note 8. 
Zeno, emperor, p. 67, p. 110. 
Zibaldini Quarenmale, p. 62 

note 2. 
Zodiac, signs of at the Colos- 



semn. 



35. 



Zoilus, p. 137, p. 138 note 2. 



\ 



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