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Full text of "Yonkers in the rebellion of 1861-1865"



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YONKERS IN THE REBELLION. 




TIIK MONIMKNT WIIKS KKADV I'llR HKDUATH 

WITH UANOII IIM.I. IN nil: IIAI'K»IIOlM>. 



YONKERS 
IN THE REBELLION 

OF 18()1-1S()5. 



INCLUDING A HI8TORY OF 

THE ERECTION OF THE MONUMENT TO HONOR THE 

MEN OF YONKERS WHO FOUGHT 

TO SAVE THE UNION. 



BY 

THOMAS ASTLEY 4TKINS 

AND 

JOHN WISE OLIVER. 




PUBLISHED BY 
THE YONKERS SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 



NM 



)pyn{;ht, 189:2. By Thomas Astlkv Atkdcs 
and .John Wisk Oliver. 



rillNTKI. AT THK I>l 



PREFACE. 

IN preparing this memorial volume, the authors have aimed to 
furnish as complete a history of Yonkees in the Rebellion as 
the available material made possible — as well as a full history of 
the erection of the Monument which has been placed in front of 
Manor Hall, by the liberality and patriotism of the people, and 
which is intended to honor those identified with our town who 
faced the enemies of the Union in a long and desperate Rebellion. 
To insure correctness, the authors consulted State archives, local 
records, and many persons who were actors in the stu-ring events 
of the time. 

In some cases difficulty was experienced in obtaining records of 
names, organizations, dates, etc., known to be reliable. Even in 
official papers the same persons are recorded differently, and more 
or less confusion exists as to the organizations in which some of 
them served. And then, again, doubtless some names are omitted, 
for want of information, which are justly entitled to a place in this 
volume. No reasonable labor was spared to make the record full, 
and to avoid errors ; and yet omissions and errors will probably be 
discovered. While these are to be regretted, they were unavoid- 



(i YOSKERS 1\ TIIK ItEliELI.IOX. 

able. The authors ask for leuieut criticism on what, to them, has 
heeu a laljor of love, aiul yet, at times, a labor exceedingly arduous 
and perplexing. 

To Charles E. (Jorton, Major Frederic Shonnai-*!, J<ihii C.Sliotts, 
Dr. a. B. Balch, Rev. Charles E. Allison, William. H. Fisher, and 
others, who kindly aid<^d in the work, sincere acknowledgments are 
here recorded. 

YoNKERS, .IaNTAKY 1. ISitl'. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Preface 5 



Chapter I. The Call to Ahms. 

Town-Meeting — Prompt Response — First Company of Yonkers 
Volunteers — Provision for their Families — Presentation 
OF A Flag — Loyalty and Patriotism — "We are Nowhere 
Told in the Bible to Give up the Flag of Our Country" 
— "I am Ready to Die under its Folds" — War in Earnest. 



Chapter II. Company A, Seventeenth Regiment NEw-Yorav 
Volunteers. 

The Capture of the First Cannon, at Hanover Court-House— 
The Westchester Chasseurs — Their Record from Official 
Archi\t3S 27 



Chapter III. Sixth iSTew-York Volunteer Artillery. 

Union Defence Committee — Colonel William H. Morris — Sol- 
dierly Bearing and Discipline— Heroic Fighting Qualities 
—Colonel J. Howard Kitching— List of Battles— Com- 
mended IN Special Orders 33 

7 



8 YOSKERS IN THE liEliELLloy. 

Chaptei! IV. TiiF. Thikty-Days Men. 

Captain John Danis Hatch's Company — Valiant SER\acE at 
Fort McHenry', Baltimoke— Captain John Padden's Com- 
pany — Garrison Duty at Fort Riciimond, Ne\v-York 
Harbor 51 



Chaptek V. The Home Giards. 

The Draft Riots in New- York— Yonkers Threatened— Dr. 
Henry M. Baird on the Situation — The Home Guards Or- 
ganized TO Preserve Order and Protect Property — 
Watch-Tower of the First Presbyterian Church — "An 
Awkward Squad" — Duties Defined by Frederick S. Cozzens 
— An Arrest and ("oiht Martial— Good Service at a 
Critical Time 



Chapter VI. The Sanitary Fair. 

A (iuEAT Success — Over Sixteen Thousand Dollars Raised to 
Aid the Bekevolent Work ok the United States Sanitary 
Commission G3 



(■hapter VII. At the Close ok the War. 

YoNKKUS AT TIIK ('l,OSK OK TlIK RkHKI.MON — (iKuWTll OK TlIK \"ll.- 

LAOE — More Prohressivk — The Census — Celebration of 
THE Fall ok Richmond— President Lincoln's Assassination 
— Return ok Ouk liuAVK Soldiers . 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Chaptek VIII. Brevet Brigadiee-Geneeal John Howaed 

KiTCHING. 

A True Christian Hero— His Bravery, Military Skill, and 
Services as a Commander — The Fatal Shot at Cedar 
Creek — His Untimely Death at Dobbs Ferry i 



Chapter IX. Some Personal Recoeds of the War. 

Colonel Fisher A. Baker and His Battles— Surgeon G. B. 
Balch — Jeremiah Burns and the White House — The First 
ToNKERS Hero Who Died for the Union — Captain Matt. 
H. Ellis and His Campaigns— Hand-to-Hand Encounter of 
Captain William L. Heermance with Captain B. M. Medina 
— The Hero and His Crutch — General Thomas Ewing at 
Pilot Kjstob — Adjutant James Millward and the Washing- 
ton Clay Battalion— Major James V. Lawrence and 
Mosby's Band — Thomas Oliver's Lost Medal — Abraham J. 
Palmer and "The Die-No-Mores"— Ralph E. Prime's Ser- 
vices AND Promotions — Where William Riley Lost His 
Arm — Major Frederic Shonnard's Honorable Career — 
Captain James Stewart, Jr., Rescues Generals Hooker and 
Williams from an Embarrassing Situation 105 



Chapter X. Oue Heeoes' Last Sleep. 



At Rest in St. John's, Oakland, St. Mary's and St. Joseph's 
Cemeteries — Their Graates Kept in Reverent Remembrance. 143 



10 YONKEUS IN THE UEliELLION. 

Chaptek XI. A Roll of Hoxoit. 



Soldiers and Sailoks of the Wak now oh late RESiDtNO in 

YONKERS 14!> 



(!hai'tek XII. The (Ikand Ahmy of the Republic. 

KiTCHiNO Post— John C. Fremont Post— Men Who Bra\'elv 
Faced the Rebel Fire in Defence of the Union 169 



Ouaptek XIII. The Sdi.dif.ks' and Sailoks' Moximext 
Association. 



Its History and Its Work — The Foirth Separate Company 
Fair— Depew Night is:{ 



Chapter XIV. Erection of the Moximent. 

Arrival of the Bronze Statues. and Granite-Work — Thkir 
Approvai — Layinci op the Corner-Stone — The Erection 19!) 



Chapieu XV. The Dedication. 

(iREAT Concourse of I^eofle- The Decorations— The Proces- 
sion—The Music— The Oration— The Original Poems— 
The Unveilino — The Dedicatory Address— The Naval 
Salute — lMPosiN(i Services and Historic Day ' im 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. U 

Chapter XVI. The Association's Work Completed. 

The Enclosure — The Memorial Volume — All Obligations 
Promptly Met 243 

Chapter XVII. Contributors to the Monument Fund. 
The Association — Its Officers and Principal Committees . . . 24.5 



ENGRAVINGS. 

The Monument when Ready for Dedication, Manor 

Hall in the Background Frontispiece 

The Infantry Statue -4 

The Artillery Statue 48 

General John Howard Kitching 82 ^ 

The Naval Statue 140 '^ 

The Cavalry Statue ICO '' 

The Color-Bearer I'^O 

The Monument and Enclosure -^8 i- 



YONKERS IN THE REBELLION. 



CHAPTER I. 

THE CALL TO ARMS. 

Town-Meeting — Prompt Response — Fiest Company of Yonkers 
Volunteers — Provision for their Families — Presentation 
OF a Flag — Loyalty and Patriotism — "We are Nowhere 
Told in the Bible to Give up the Flag of Our Country " — 
"I AM Ready to Die under its Folds" — War in Earnest. 

I ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United States, in 
, virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution aud the 
laws, have thought fit to call forth, aud hereby do call forth, the 
militia of the several States of the Union to the aggregate number 
of seventy-five thousand, in order to suppress said combinations 
and to cause the laws to be duly executed. 

"I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, and aid this 
eifort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of 

3 13 



14 YOXKKHS IX THE REBEI.LIOX. 

our National Union, and the perpetuity of popular government, 
and to redress wrongs already long enough endured." 

So spake the President in his Proclamation, dated at Washing- 
ton, April 15, 1861. 

At four o'clock on the morning of April lli, lS(i], tlit- first gun 
was fii-ed at Fort Sumter. The echo waked the slumbering patri- 
otism of the Nation. When the smoke rolled away, the glorious 
sun of liberty for all men arose upon an expectant universe. Says 
a local chronicler, writing on the morning of April 15 : " No event 
which has occurred within the recollection of the present genera- 
tion, it is safe to assume, ever occasioned such profound and wide- 
spread excitement as that which has pervaded all classes since 
the attack upon Fort Sumter was announced. The war was the 
absorbing topic among all classes of citizens." 

The first gun changed public sentiment in a trice. There was but 
one party now, and that the party of the Union. " There is but one 
sentiment now toiicliini;- the duty of the citizen at tliis lionr — to sus- 
tain the Oovernnifiit. ( )ii every corner, in every car, in every churcli 
vestibule, could be lieard tlie remark, ' I will stand by the (rovern- 
nient of my country when assailed, as it now is, by traitors.'" So 
said a prominent citizen, and he but expressed the popular feeling. 

The excitement in Yonkers, as everywhere, was intense. In fact, 
nothing else but the war, which was now upon them in dead ear- 
nest, was the subject of conversatinn. (ndinary topics ceased to 
be of interest. The papers were lilled with news, or alleged news, 
from the seat of war, and edition after edition was exhausted, and 
\\v d.Tuand for news not sate<l. 

I'roni All.aiiy came advices that (iovernor Edwin I ). Morgan 
had i.roni|itly issued a call for li.^.Odd men to go to the war from the 



THE CALL TO ARMS. 15 

State of New- York. This, with the President's call, set the town of 
Yonkers in a ferment; for the Grovernor was the Commander-in- 
Chief of the State Militia, and his call gave official life to the patri- 
otic zeal of onr townspeople. 

The State quota was but 17 regiments, consisting each of an 
aggregate of 780 officers and men. They were to serve three 
months. Such was the intensity of martial zeal those April days 
that it seemed to one on the spot as if every able-bodied man 
under the age of forty-five years must abandon home and busi- 
ness and enlist. 

For days after these calls the country was on fire with zeal, ablaze 
with patriotism. For a while it seemed as if such a cruelty as a 
draft could never be ti'ied here, and that tens of thousands must 
necessarily be rejected as volunteers. 

A town-meeting was held in Radford Hall, at which stii-ring 
aopeals were made for volunteers to take up arms in defense of the 
Government. Seventy-five men responded, on assurances that the 
families would be aided while the bread-winners were at the front. 
John T. Waring, President of the village, administered the oath of 
allegiance to the volunteers. 

Next morning several of the volunteers informed Mr. Waring that 
they did not deem it prudent to leave their families to be cared for 
by a town-meeting. "But," said one, " if you will give your per- 
sonal promise that our families shall receive the promised aid, we 
will go, cheered by the belief that our families wall not be left to 
suffer." Mr. Waring appeared before the men, gave the desired 
promise, and the company went off in good spirits. " I considered 
the confidence reposed in me under the circumstances," says Mr. 
Waring, " as the highest compliment of my life." 



IG YOyKEIiS JX THE KEIiELLIOy. 

The next day Mr. Waring and Ethan Flagg, on investigation, dis- 
covered that sixty-five of the enlisted men had families in varied 
circumstances. A fixed amount was agreed upon for each family, 
and it was an-anged that a member should call at Mr. taring's 
oflBee every Saturday and receive the amount promised — and tliat 
arrangement was continued for the term of the enlistment. After- 
ward Ml-. Waring was reimbursed by the town. 

A few quotations from our local press, in the early days of the 
Rebellion, may not be amiss, and will, perhaps, enable us to under- 
stand better the pages of history which are to follow. Said a local 
editorial, April 20, 1861 : 

We hoist at our masthead the flag we have always honored and revered, the flag: 
under which we were bom, and Ijeneath whose starry folds we expect to draw our 
last breath. We believe that, at a time like this, the display of any and everj" thing 
calculated to awaken patriotic emotion is proper, and we rejoice to see the Nation's 
banner everywhere displayed. 

Again : 

It is uiiquestiouably the duty of patriotic citizens, in an emergency like the 
present, to cooperate in all proper efforts to vindicate the honor of the National 
flag, to support the Government in all just measures for the restoration of peace, 
and above all to join in the defense of the Capitol in Washington against invasion, 
from whatever quarter it may come. It is the duty of every citizen, at this time, 
to display his devotion to the Union in an unmistakable manner, and, if need be, 
shoulder his musket for that purpose. 

Such a soul-stirring ap]»eal could not be, and was not, lost upon 
the young men of tlic village of Yonkci-s. 



A local paper of April l!7, iSfil, says: 

As early as Tuesday morning, April 2.3, the company of volunteers, which liad 
been organized in so short a time, look tiieir departure from our village for the 



THE CALL TO ARMS. 17 

purpose of enrolling their names on the muster-in roll of a regiment of New- York 
State Volunteers then forming in New-York. Never before did we witness such an 
outpouring of patriotic spnpathy as that which greeted them on every turn, as 
they proceeded through the viUage — deep, reverential, heartfelt sympathy for the 
boys who had forsaken father, mother, and friends to sustain and protect the honor 
of the flag which they had been taught to revere and respect. 



All tlirough the morniBg of this eventful day a large crowd, 
drawn from all parts of the town, had filled Getty Square and 
" discussed the all-absorbing topics of the day, our soldiers' pros- 
pects and the departure of the volunteers." The scene was one 
which has never been forgotten by those who took part in it, and 
it had a most invigorating effect upon the departing company. 

At eleven o'clock in the morning the first company of Yonkers 
Volunteers formed in line, and, prior to their departure, marched 
through the principal streets of the village. They were preceded 
by the Yonkers Cornet Band, aud had for their escort a long line 
of citizens and firemen. After the band came the members of 
Lady Washington Engine Company No. 2, dragging their appa- 
ratus, which, we are told, was "tastefully decorated and covered with 
American flags, and presented quite a handsome appearance." 

All Yonkers was out of doors or at the windows on that eventful 
morning. Every window and door along the long line of march 
was occupied by women and children, " anxious to take a last view 
and bid a final farewell to the brave men of our village." 

As the procession passed the Main Street House it was saluted 
by the firing of guns and other patriotic demonstrations. Arrived 
at the railroad station at the foot of Main street, it seemed as if 
the whole town had gathered to do the volunteers honor. It was, 
we are told, "the scene and center of the most intense and exciting 



18 YOXKKUS IX TIIK RKBELUOX. 

iuterest, the square being as one vast sea of heads. Tlie Youkers 
Liederkrauz sang several patriotic hymns, while the thundering 
echoes of the cannon would occasionally drown tln-ir voices for the 
time in the notes of war." 

And so amid cheer and acclaim our brave boys left their homes 
for the war, and, says our chronicler, " the train passed ont of 
sight." He adds to the account of the day's doings the humble 
prayer: "May the God of battles lead our nwii t<> lionor and 
victory." 

A notable event at this time was the success of a subscription 
taken in a great hurry to defray the preliminary expenses of the 
volunteers. Almost without effort $3,000 were subscribed, and at 
once. The subscription list is a notable one, and among the donors 
of large amounts we find the names of John T. Waring, Frederick A. 
Coe, Ethan Flagg, Robert J. Douglass, James B. Colgate, William 
Bell, Edward Underhill, Anson Baldwin, Edward F. Shonnard, 
George B. Skinner, Edward Martin, William Macfarlane, St. Paul's 
Church, Jeremiah Bobbins, Thomas C. Cornell, Charles E. Waring, 
Samuel D. Rockwell, Francis N. Bangs, Lyman Cobb, Jr., Isaac H. 
Knox, Walter H. Paddock, Robert J. Tojilis, Isaac V. Fowler, Ralph 
Shipman, ajid a liost of others. "Let all wlio ean jilaee their 
names on the list," wrote the local editor, and tlie invitation did 
not pass unheeded. 

Worthy of preservation in our local records is the Hag-presenta- 
tion by Robert J. Douglass. This flag was presented to the volun- 
teers in Getty Square, at an out-of-door meeting at whicli Thomas 
F. Morris was cjiairman and Ajonzo Hell was secretary. 

Tile presentation speech was uukU- by the Reverend Darius K*. 
Hre\v<T, re<-tor of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Clnnvli, in tii.' 



THE CALL TO ABMS. 19 

course of which he said : " We are directed in the Bible that if a 
man shall take away your coat, to give him your cloak also — but 
we are nowhere told in the Bible to give up the flag of our 
country." 

Captain Charles H. Smith responded for the volunteers. His 
peroration stirred the souls of his hearers. " I was born under that 
flag," said he ; "I have lived and fought under that flag, and am 
ready to die under its folds." 

That our people were thoroughly satisfied with and proud of 
their first company is evidenced by the following, taken from a local 
paper of the date of May 4, 1861 : 

We cannot refrain from noticing in complimentary terms the brave fellows who 
{should the war begin in earnest) will represent our village in the contest. They 
are all young, tough and active, compact of form and sinewy. The quiet and 
gentlemanly manner in which they have conducted themselves at their quarters in 
New- York has elicited the warmest commendations from aU sources. 



Our local was equally proud of " Our Charlie." It says : 

Captain Charles H. Smith, of the Westchester Chasseurs, made his appearance 
among us a few days ago in his full set of regimentals. He looked Uke a true 
soldier, and impressed every one with the conviction that he might well be regarded 
as a descendant of the famous Captain John Smith of Virginia. 



And so our boys " went to the war." And thus the war opened 
for our village and town. 

It will be noted above that the local writer of the ith of May, 1861, 
remarks, in parenthesis, " should the war begin in earnest." This 
merely gives phrase to what was in the minds of many at that time. 
It was hard to believe, at that day, that actual war was intended or 



20 YOXKKh-S I\ THE hhBELLfO.W 

would come. No doubt many volunteered with that idea. This 
view was rudely shattered by the result of the first battle of Bull 
Run. To Vonkers the awakening of that day was siekfMiini; and 
terrible. Our dear ones had gone indeed to the war. 

Shortly after the middle of July, the head-lines of " Dis.\ster to 
THE Union Army," and " Retreat of Ctener.\.l McDowell's Com- 
mand FROM Manassas," drove the iron into the .soul of our thereto- 
fore hopeful people. Yonkers village and town were in gloom. 
Indeed their dear ones had "gone to the war." 

" But," says a winter of that date, "the feeling of surprise, sancti- 
fied by sorrow for the gallant soldiers sadly sacrificed in this dis- 
astrous retreat soon gave way to a stern and deep determination in 
every bosom to spare no effort, either in men or money, at once to 
supply theii- places and avenge their death, and further to increase 
the efficiency of the Army of the Union with all possible despatch." 
Another writer said, "Adver.sity is a beneficent teacher, but we 
learn what is our first should lie our last li-sson."' 

And .so Yonkers girdeil up its luins and went anew into tiie con- 
flict, saddened but having learned well its lesson. For four long 
and weary years our town jtonrcd into tlie lajiof the Nation gener- 
ous donations of nifii ami moiiry. Call after call for recruits was 
met with promptness and generosity. Every reasoiialile denumd 
for means was responded to affirmatively. 

In charities, also, were oiir townspeople in tlie van, and materials 
and money for the sick and wounded were literally jtoured, like 
l)alm, n]ion tlie sutTi'i'iiig soldiers, and the record of Yonkers is 
poiiite(l to with jiride to this day. An<l from .lay to day, w.'ck to 
week, those joiit: and dreary years, did our iiohle boys go to the war 
— now, in earnest. 



THE CALL TO ARMS. 21 

Among the first Yonkers men mvistered into the United States 
service to put down the RebeUion, and who went with the Fifth 
New- York Volunteer Infantry, known as the Duryea Zouaves, 
commanded by Colonel Abram Duiyea, were James Finnan, Com- 
pany C; George A. Mitchell, Charles Allen, Charles Fortescue, Henry 
Wicker, James W. Brown, David Crofut, Greorge Hitchcock, James 
Murphy, John G. Peene, George Post, WiUiam C. Eyer, Benjamin 
Sullivan, James Sheridan, Frank Morgan, and William Sweeney, all 
in Company F; Ralph E. Prime, in Company G; and Thomas Cahill, 
musician. They all enlisted in April, 1861. The following joined 
the same Regiment at Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore, in the fall of 
1861: James Franklin, William Stapleton, and Edward Simmons. 

Ralph E. Prime, George A. Mitchell, James Sheridan, Henry 
Wicker, George Hitchcock, Charles Fortescue, Benjamin Sullivan, 
William Sweeney (dead), Casper Ryer (dead), James Brown (dead), 
David Crofut, George Post, John G. Peene and Charles Allen were 
in the battle of Big Bethel, the first engagement of the war fought in 
line of battle — also in many skirmishes which preceded the battle. 

The Fifth Regiment was engaged in the battle of Big Bethel, the 
siege of Yorktown, the battles of Williamsburg, Hanover Court- 
House, Mechanicsville, Gaines's Mill, Peach Orchard, Charles City 
Cross-Roads, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, South Mountain, 
Antietam, Blackford's Ford, Petersburg, Chancellorsville, &c. 



^ 



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f 



-'^^ 



ox THE EAST SIDE. 



THE INFANTRY STATUE. 



The studies and drawings for this statue were made by J. E. Kelly, of 
New-York. The soldier is shown at " iix bayonets." The attitude exhibits 
life and action. The face is stem, and marked by determination. The 
whole bearing of the figure shows expectation of an immediate charge 
upon the enemy, and recalls to every old soldier the grim features of war. 
Inscriptions : 



PATRIOTISM. 



TO HONOR THE 
MEN OF YONKERS 
WHO FOUGHT TO 
SAVE THE UNION. 

1861 - 186S. 



SLAVERY ABOLISHED. 



Note. — Xo part of the Monument gave the Association so much eoneem as the statues. 
The original drafts submitted were tame and expressionless, while the Association desired 
vigor and earnest, warlike action. After much thought and labor, and aided by artists of 
recognized ability, success was attained. It is rare, indeed, that a group of five statues 
are so uniformly approved. 

The four bronze statues were modeled by Lorado Taft, of Chicago, and cast by the 
American Bronze Company of Chicago. They are warranted to be of the best standard 
and quality — ninety-five per cent, copper and five per cent. tin. Each is seven feet high. 



CHAPTER II. 

COMPANY A, SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT 
NEW- YORK VOLUNTEERS. 

The Capture of the First Cannon, at Hanover Court-House— 
The Westchester Chasseurs — Their Record from Official 
Archives. 

ON the fifteenth day of April, 1861, Fort Sumter capitulated, 
and on the sixteenth day of the same month the President's 
call for troops reached Albany. A large and patriotic meeting was 
held at Farrington Hall, Yonkers, on the evening of April 17, at 
which volunteers were called for. In response to this call, over 
one hundred young men were enrolled to serve in defense of the 
flag and to preserve the Union. Of this number several joined the 
Fifth New- York Volunteers, while the remainder, about ninety, 
organized into a company which was known as Company A, Seven- 
teenth New- York Volunteers, and which was mustered into the 
United States service on the 20th of May, 1861, to serve two years, 
unless sooner discharged. 



28 YONKEIiS ly THE liEBELLIOX. 

This company, which was the first to leave Yonkers for the seat 
of war, and was composed exclusively of Yonkers men, captured, 
at Hanover Court-House, the first cannon taken by the Army of 
the Potomac. The company was mustered out of the United States 
service at the expiration of its term of enlistment, June 2, 1863. 
The majority of those mustered out reenlisted and returned to the 
war. We append items, culled from various records, relating to 
this company. 

The following is the record taken from the official archives of the 
War Department, and from the State card attached to the flags of 
the Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers, at Albany, N. Y.: 

First. — National Flag, silk, embroidered with number of Regiment. Much worn. 
Spear-head gone. Presented to the Regiment by eight lady friends of Col. H. S. 
Lansing. 

Second.— Regimental Banner, white silk, painted on one side with arms of the 
State of New- York, and Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. On the 
other side, an eagle, shield, and number of Regiment. Staflf, with plate inscribed : 
"Presented to the Westchester Chasseurs by the Ladies of Westchester County, 
May, 1801." 

Third.— Regimental Hanuer, blue silk, painted with arms of the City of Xew- 
York and inscribed: "Seventeenth Kigimcnt N. Y. V. Presented by the City of 
New-York." Original staff gone. 

Tlie Seventeenth Kcginient, .sonu-times known as the Westchester 
Chasseurs, was organized in the city of New-York in the spring of 
1861. It was composed of four companies from Westchester County, 
one from Rockland, two from New-York City, one from Wayne, 
one from Wyoming, jni.l one from Clieiiango. It left for the seat 
of wiir .luiie, lS(il, ;iih1 pjirlicipat.'d in tlie siege of Yorktown, and 
battk'S of Hanover Court-lluu.<e, wliere it captured the first cannon 



COMPANY A, SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT. 29 

taken from the enemy by the Army of the Potomac, Groveton 
(known as the second battle of Bull Run), where it lost 13 oflScers 
and 250 men, killed and wounded, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and 
Chancellorsville. 

It was mustered out in the spring of 1863, after two years' 
service, was immediately reorganized for three years' service, and 
took the field in September, being the first of the thirty-nine old 
regiments to report for duty. 

" Honors of the Empire State in the War of the Rebellion," by 
Thomas S. Townsend, compiler of "The Library of National 
Records," on page 292 says : 

SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT WESTCHESTER CHASSEURS. 

The Regiment was commanded by Colonel H. S. Lansing, with Thomas F. Mon-is 
as Lieutenant-Colonel. When Lieutenant-Colonel Morris resigned in 1862, Nel- 
son B. Barti-am became his successor. The Seventeenth and a Massachusetts 
Regiment constituted the entire infantry force under General Stoneman on the 
Peninsula, when he made that hasty, timely, and terrible march. 

At Hanover Court-House the Seventeenth took one of the enemy's guns. 
General Butterfield spoke -of the splendid advance of the Brigade, led by the Seven- 
teenth and Forty-Fom-th New- York, at the battle of Groveton. At the battle of 
Bull Run no less than f om- color-bearers lost their lives in defense of the flag ; it 
was saved and rigged to a new staff ; was retiu'ned to the Common Council of New- 
York as a proof of the valor of the Regiment. The Regiment lost over 200 men at 
Bull Run out of 550 who went into the battle. 



30 YONKEIiS IX THE HKBELLIOX. 

MUSTER-OUT ROLL. 

Officers. 

Charles H. Smith, Captain. 

George Reynolds, Lieutenant, discharged on account of disability 

January 30, 1862. 
RoMEYN BoGARDUS, Ensign, resigned August 8, 18G1. 
JLvRTix SKt'LiA', First Sergeant, wounded August 30, 18G2, at the 

battle of Bull Run, made Second Lieutenant. 
John C. Coates, Sergeant. 
Edwin James, Sergeant. 

Benjamin C. Nodine, Sergeant, wounded August 30, 1862. 
Edwin Cumberbeach, Corporal, made Sergeant. 
John Nolan, Corporal. 
AiiFRED Bowler, Corporal, made Sergeant. 
Willlam J. TowNSEND, Corporal. 
Jacob A. Glazier, Musician. 
Richard Cook, Musician, wounded August 30, 18(i2. 



AiNswoRTH, John, discharged on ac- Cain, Michael, wounded August 30, 

count of disability August 29, 1861. 1862. 

AiNSWORTH, Jo.SEPH, discharged on ac- Carll, James, made Corporal. 

count of disability January 3, 1863. Carroll, Willlam, wounded. 

Amsby, Marion. Cavanagh, Thomas, discharged on ac- 

Archer, Thomas O., discharged on ac- count of disability November 11, 1861. 

count of disability September 20, 1861. Cawley, Thomas, wounded August 30, 

Avery, William. 1862 ; died September 29, 1862. 

Barclay, John. Colwell, Atkins. 

Bell, George. Coxnell, William, made Corjwral ; 

Bragg, Willlvm. wounded August 3(1. I,s(i2. 

Brazil, James, died March 24, IS(J2. Connkli.v. Thomas, kilUd August .Ml, 

Bromley, James. 1862. 

Brooks, George. Delany', Daniel, killed August 30, 1862. 

Brown, Charles A. Donahue, John, woimded August 30, 

Burns, Jeremiah. 1862. 



COMPANY A, SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT. 



31 



Fisher, Philip. 

Flood, Peter, wounded August 30, 

1862. 
FoLKER, William, wounded Aug-ust 30, 

1862. 
Foster, Jajies W. 
Foster, William W., made Corporal; 

captured August 30, 1862. 
Garvin, Frank, wounded August 30, 

1862. 
Glasier, Newcomb B. 
Hampson, Eli. 
Hampson, Samuel. 
HoRTON, Theron R., wounded August 

30, 1862. 
EJiowLES, William. 
Kohler, John, wounded August 30, 

1862. 
Lawrence, Thomas 0., wounded Au- 
gust 30, 1862. 
Leary, John S. 
Leek, Joseph. 
Lesnon, Daniel. 
Lobdell, Walter C. 
LoGUE, Bernard. 
Major, Garrett G., wounded June 30, 

1862, and August 30, 1862. 
Malloy, Thomas. 
Marian, John. 



McCabe, Dennis. 

McCaul, Thomas. 

McNamara, John. 

Mills, Thomas. 

Murphy, Cornelius, captured August 

30, 1862. 
NoDiNE, Edward. 
NoDiNE, Peter, wounded August 30, 

1802. 
O'Keefe, Patrick, transferred Jidy 1, 

1862, to Company E. 
O'Rourke, John, transferred July 16, 

1862, to Company E. 
O'SuLLivAN, Daniel, transferred July 

16, 1862, to Company E. 
Plunkett, John. 
Rice, Joseph, transferred Januaiy 10, 

1862, to Company D. 
Satzger, Charles C, made Corporal. 
Shotts, John C. 
Simmonds, Edward. 
Tansey, Matthew. 
Terry, Thomas F. 
Walter, William. 
Watson, John, died July 20, 1863. 
Welsh, Morris F., made Corporal ; 

killed August 30, 1862. 
Whiting, John B., made Corporal ; cap- 
tured August 30, 1862. 



The following joined the Company after muster 



Andrews, Joseph. 
Aebuckle, William. 
Austin, James. 

Beardsley, E. H., First Lieuteuaut. 
Beckett, Thomas, Captain, wounded 
August 30, 1862. 



Bell, George, No. 2. 

Blauvelt, Isaac D., killed August 30, 
1862. 

Bowes, Benjamin, discharged on ac- 
count of disability, January 9, 1862. 

Brady. Charles. 



32 



YON KK lis IX THE UK BELLI OS. 



Bretenshaw, Joshua, wounded. 
Brown, Joseph, transferred to Company 

G, One Hundred and Forty-Sixth 

Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 
Carny, Michael. 
Clark, Abner H. 
Clark, Peter, wounded August 30, 

1802, age 32. 
Clark, Peter, wounded August 30, 

1862, age 20. 
Coffey, Michael. 
Cook, W. H., discharged on account of 

disability. May 30, 1862. 
CosTELLO, John. 
Craft, Isaac, wounded December IG, 

1862. 
CuLLiN, Paul, died September 2, 1861. 
Doran, John. 
Fenner, Henry D., wounded August 30, 

1862. 
Ferguson, Thomas. 
Fitch, Charles W., Com. Sergeant. 
Foley, T. Vincent, Captain, twice 

wounded August 30, 1862. 
Fox, Jajies, Second Lieutenant. 
Gallagher, Martin. 
Hardy, John R. 
Harrison, Bernard, wounded August 

30, 1862. 
Hill, Thomas, Sergeant. 
Hughes, Patrick. 
Irving, Arthur. 
Ives, Wiltjam. killed August 30, 

1862. 
Kemp, Joseph, wounded August 30, 

1862. 
KiLi.KiiN, Daniel, made Sergeant. 



McNamara, John, No. 2, made Cor- 
poral. 

Mills, John, made Corporal. 

Mitchell, Peter, captured at Manassas 
August 30, 1862. 

Mitchell, Thomas, transferred to the 
Twelfth Regiment New-York Volun- 
teers, May 14, 1862. Died August 20, 
1878. 

MoFFATT, Andrew, wounded August 
30, 1862. 

Murphy, Willlvm, transferred to Com- 
pany G, One Hundred and Forty- 
Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers, June 25, 1863. 

Neil, Walter B. 

NoDiNE, Frederick A., Sergeant, trans- 
ferred to Company G, One Huneb'ed 
and Forty-Sixth Regiment New-York 
Infantry Volunteers, June 2, 1863. 

O'Mara, John, Sergeant. 

Seddin, Willlvm, Musician. 

Shaw, Willlam. 

Sleight, C. T. 

Smith, Irvlng D., Second Lieutenant, 
transferred to Company F, Seven- 
teenth Regiment New-York Volun- 
teers, January 1, 1863. 

Stanspield, Thomas. 

Taylor, De Witt. 

Thompson, George W., transfenvd to 
One Hundred and Forty-Si.Mh Regi- 
ment New- York Infantry Volunteei-s, 
Marcli 8, 1H(>3. 

Van Okden, Alfred, transferred t<> 
Company G, One Huiuhvd and F>>r- 
tietlj Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteei"s. .Imu' 26, ISii.'f. 



CHAPTER III. 

SIXTH NEW- YORK VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY. 

Union Defence Committee — Colonel William H. Morris — Sol- 
dierly Bearing and Discipline — Heroic Fighting Qualities 
— Colonel J. Howard Kitching — List of Battles — Com- 
mended in Special Orders. 

IN the summer of the year 1862, when the numerous reverses to 
the Union arms had caused a profound anxiety among the 
people of the North as to the outcome of the great conflict, in 
obedience to a call from the President of the United States for 
three hundred thousand volunteers for three years, the Hon. 
E. D. Morgan, Governor of the State of New- York, appointed a 
Union Defence Committee for the Eighth Senatorial District of 
the State, then consisting of the counties of Westchester, Eockland, 
and Putnam — the names of Lewis G. Morris of Fordham, 
Chauncey M. Depew of Peekskill, Gouverneur Morris of Morrisania, 
William H. Robertson of Katonah, Saxton Smith of Putnam, and 
Edward F. Shonnard of Yonkers being among those so chosen. 

5 33 



34 YONKERS IX THE REBELLION. 

This Committee was charged with the duty of obtaining rein- 
forcements for the Union Avmj'. It began its work by promptly 
effecting the organization in that district of an infantry regiment 
of ten full companies of more than one hundred men each, enlisted 
to serve for three years, which was designated by the authorities of 
the State of New-York as the One Hundred and Thirty-Fifth New- 
York Volunteer Infantry, and was named by the Committee, The 
Anthony Wayne Guard. 

Those who thus associated themselves together in defence of the 
Union were prompted by the same true spirit of patriotism which 
animated their forefathers in the "War of Independence, At that 
jjeriod in the war no large bounties had been offered to stimulate 
enlistment, and these men, who so promptly responded to the call 
of the President, fairly represented the best bone and sinew and 
many of the most substantial families of the three counties. 

The following are the names of tlie original line officers and of 
the plac(-s where they ovgaiii/cd their coiiij.anies : 



Company A, Pefkxkill : Captain A. A. Crookstox, Lieutenants (iEuKOK W. 
Smith and Richard M. Gilleo. 

Company Ji, White Plains: Captain E. W. Anherson, Lieutenants Thomas W. 
Dick and Horton R. Pratt. 

Company C, West Farms : Captain B. B. Valextixe, Lieutenants .James Smith 
and George C. Kibbe. 

Company D, Somers : Captain Eowahd .Joxes, Lieutenants W. S. Sckiiinkk and 
Platt Benedict. 

Company E, Port Chester: Captain C. H. Palmer, Lieutenants \V. T. Mukse and 
FoRDHAM Morris (son of Lowns G. Morris of the Couiiuittee). 

Company F, Yonkcrs: Captain EnMUXK Y. MoRRIs, Lieutenants Samiki, Bassktt 
and Henry A. Chadeayne. 

Company G, Carmel: Captain Weuster Smith, Lieutenants Stei-hex Baker and 
Charles F. ILvzex. 



SIXTH NEW-YOBK VOLUNTEEB ARTILLERY. 35 

Companxj H, Morrisania: Captain H. B. Hall (wounded), Lieutenants David 
Harmel (mortally wounded) and Gouverneur Morris, Jr. (son of Gouverneur 
Morris of the Committee). 

Company I, Sing Sing: Captain Clark Peck, Lieutenants Charles C. Hyatt 
and J. H. Ashton. 

Company K, Nyack : Captain WiLSON Defendorp, Lieutenants John Davidson 
and Frederic Shonnard of Yonkers (son of Edward F. Slionnard of the Com- 
mittee). 



* 



THE YONKERS COMPANY. 

The following named non-commissioned officers and men, all of 
Yonkers, were mustered into the United States service in Company 
F, on September 2, 1862. 

Officers; 

Thomas R. Price, First Sergeant. 
Patrick Kelly, Second Sergeant. 
Abel Waters, Foui-th Sergeant. 
Samuel B. Kniffen, Fifth Sergeant. 
John J. Brady, First Corporal. 
James T. Earle, Second Corporal. 
James E. Beasley, Third Corporal, killed. 
Benjamin Price, Foui-th Coi-poral. 
Judson Abbott, Fifth Corporal. 
Edgar C. Nodine, Sixth Corporal. 

Privates. 

Archer, Nathaniel, killed. Bragg, William, killed. 

Barnes, Frederick E., died in hospital. Brown, James. 

Bennett, Michael. Burke, James. 

Boyle, James. Cain, Joseph, wounded. 



36 



YOXKElm IS THE REBELLION. 



Casey, Daniel. 

Cahkoll, Jajies. 

Collin, Patrick. 

CoNLiN, Anthony. 

CouGHLiN, John. 

Donahue, Michael. 

Foley, John. 

FoRMAN, Schuyler B. 

Gilbert, James D. 

Goodwin, Francis. 

Gorman, Patrick. 

Hallett, Demetrius. 

Hamilton, William, taken prisoner, 

died of wounds. 
Harris, Jacob L. 
Henry, John. 
Hunt, James. 
Kiley, WiLLLiM, killed. 
Keanily, Jeremiah. 
Kelly, Timothy. 
Lane, Thomas, died of wounds. 
Laphaji, Solon, wounded. 
Lal'NY, Thomas. 
Lind.say, William. 
LouNSBURY, Paul. 
McGann, Philip, killed. 



McMahon, John. 
Morris, John T. 
NoRRis, Michael. 
O'Doxneli,, John. 
O'RouRKE, Michael, wounded. 

PiLSON, J.V3IES. 

Pope, Willlam, dead. 

Reed, James. 

Reiff, Jacob. 

Rein, Geor(;e, wounded and 

died in prison. 
Ryan, Thomas. 
Sherwood, James E., died in 

prison of wounds. 
Sherwood, Richard H. 
Smith, Thomas A. 
Thompson, William, killed. 
Vail, William. 
Vandervlant, Cornelius. 
Van Wart, Stephen. 
VoLZ, George. 
Watson, Williaji. 
Welsh, James. 
Welsh, Richard. 
Whitlock, Aaron, dead. 



It is not now possible to give an accurate statement of the names 
of the killed, wounded, and missing, or even of all those who were 
members of this Com] la 1 1 y 1 1 mi 1 1 <r t hese throe yeans' service. Almost 
to the time of the muster no iiernianent fiehl-ofiicers were cho.><en, 
biit, pending their appointment, Lewis G.Morris, of the Committee, 
acted as the Provisional Colonel. 



SIXTH NEW-YOBK VOLUNTEER AUTILLEBY. 37 

The experiences of actual war having demonstrated the necessity 
for liaving either thoroughly educated or veteran soldiers as field- 
officers of volunteer regiments, the Colonelcy was first offered to 
Thomas Arden, of Cold Spring, a graduate of West Point. Upon 
his declination, the position was tendered to and accepted by Cap- 
tain William Hopkins Morris, also a graduate of West Point, and 
an officer then in active service in the Army of the Potomac, as 
Chief of Staff to Major-General John J. Peck. 

Captain Ralph E. Prime, then of White Plains, now of Yonkers, 
a gallant officer of the Fifth New- York Volunteers, who had been 
wounded in one of the battles on the Peninsula under McClellan, 
was appointed its Lieutenant-Colonel. Captain Prime being unable 
to immediately secure his transfer from the War Department, 
J. Howai'd Kitching, of Dobbs Ferry, a bi'illiant young officer in 
the Second New- York Light Artillery, who had also been wounded 
on the Peninsula, was made the acting Lieutenant-Colonel, until 
Captain Prime could obtain his transfer. 

Captain Prime having finally decided not to accept the position, 
J. Howard Kitching became the actual Lieutenant-Colonel, and a 
few months later, after the promotion of Colonel Morris to the rank 
of Brigadier-General, he became the Colonel of the Regiment, and, 
either as its Colonel or the commander of the Brigade of which it 
formed a part, he led it in all of the battles in which it was engaged 
up to and including Cedar Creek, where he received a wound which 
proved fatal. 

J. H. Robinson, of New-York City, was chosen the Major, liut re- 
signed after a few weeks' service. Charles H. Leonard, of Rockland, 
was appointed Adjutant, Frederick Tompkins, also of Rockland, the 
Quartermaster, and Jared G. Wood, M. D., of Brewsters, Surgeon. 



38 YoxKKiis IX THE hehelliox. 

The Regiment was first assembled in Yonkers on or about August 
20, 18fj'2, in the old building on the river bank south of the Railroad 
Station, then known as the Bedstead Factory, but now as part of the 
Plough Works. The first dress-parade took place in the open 
fields then existing south of the old Pistol Factory, now known as 
the Carpet and Hat Works of the John T. Waring Company. The 
Regiment was not then fully uniformed, and was without arms or 
other equipments, except that it had received a full stand of 
National and State colors, which was then for the first time un- 
furl..!. 

Captain William H. Morris was, on that occasion, presented to 
the Regiment as its Colonel, by Lewis G. Morris, iu a brief address 
which elo(iuently expressed the Committee's appreciation of the 
great responsibility resting upon it in the choice of the field-ofiicers, 
and the great care taken in the selections which had been made. He 
then gi-acefuUy touched upon the salient features of the l)rilliant 
career of Captain Morris, and closoil Viy warmly (•iiiuiin'iiiling liim 
to the confidence of the Regiment. 

Colonel Morris made a soldierly reply, expressing his pride aud 
pleasure in being permitted to command a Regiment composed of 
his lifelong neighbors and friends, closing with the announcement 
that the mustering officers would arrive on September 2, and that 
after the formalities of the muster into the service of the United 
States, the Regiment was expected to proceed immediately to the 
seat of war — an announcement that was n^eeived with cheers. 

After the ceremonies of the muster by Cajitaiu W. S. Ivlgcrtoii, 
United States Army, in the presence of Cliaun.-fy M. Drprw and 
Lewis G-. Morris of tlic rninn Drl'mc.' ("nnimitte«\ the (•(.niiiiand 
was rnibarkc<l u]>om a liarge, taken to Perth Amboy. and theiK-c by 



SIXTH NEW -YORK VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY. 39 

vail by way of Philadelphia to Baltimore, where it was ordered to 
report to Major-General Wool. It was a period of intense excite- 
ment, because of the misfortunes to the Union arms and the then 
approaching invasion of the North by the Rebel army. Philadel- 
phia itself had been shocked by the close approach to its suburbs 
of a band of Rebel rough-riders, who had safely ridden around the 
city of Baltimore, flanking our forces stationed there, and had made 
vigorous attempts to destroy the railroad bridges between Balti- 
more and Philadelphia. 

Few such scenes were ever witnessed in any Northern city dur- 
ing the war as those participated in by this Regiment and the 
other bodies of troops marching through the city at that exciting 
period. The streets through which they passed from the New 
York to the Baltimore depots were crowded with people of all ages 
and conditions, all in a state of frantic excitement, vying one with 
another in eager efforts to swell the grand proportions of the wel- 
coming ovation. 

At Baltimore the Regiment was assigned by Major-Geueral Wool 
to a Camp of Instruction, where, under Colonel Morris's masterly 
handling, ably assisted by Lieutenant-Colonel Kitching and the 
other officers, it made such i"apid progress in its military duties that 
General Wool made public mention of " its soldierly bearing and 
its proficiency in drill and discipline," and upon his recommenda- 
tion the War Department raised it to the Artillery service, and de- 
signated it the Sixth New- York Volunteer Artillery. A third Bat- 
talion and two additional Company organizations were added, viz. : 



Company L, Cold Spring: Captain A. B. Truesdell, Lieutenants George D. 
Spencer and William G. Ferris. 



40 YONKEIiS IX rilK UKliKLLlOX. 

Company M, Elmira: Captain MiAL R. Pierce, Lieutenants James T. Price and 
C. B. Robinson. This Company did not, however, join the Reffiment until early in 
the sprinp of 1864. 

The Regimeut, although wearing the i-ed triiximings of the Artil- 
lery service and having the peculiar organization of that branch, 
nevertheless during its whole three years of arduous service with 
the Eighth Corps, with the Army of the Potomac, with the Army of 
the James, and with Sh.'iidaii's Army of tlic Sliciiandoali, (•ontimicil 
to serve as Infantry. 

On and after December 26, 18()2, the Kegimeut was sent to 
Harper's Ferry, in detachments, upon the receipt by Major-Gen- 
eral Schenck, who had in the mean time succeeded General Wool in 
the command of the Eighth Army Corps, of the following despatch : 

War Department, Washington, December 26, 1862 . 
Major-General Schenck, Baltimore, Md. : 

You must defend Harper's Ferry with your command. If necessary, concentrate 
your forces there. Almost everything available about Washington has been sent 
to General Burnside. Keep me advised of the enemy's movements. 

H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chiff. 

After six months or more of very varied service in the Shenan- 
doah Valley with other troops, guarding the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad, performing skirmishing, scouting, and general outpost 
duties, the Regiment formally joined the Army of the Potomac 
during the Gettysburg campaign, ]>ecoming pai-t of French's Third 
Corps, which was held in the neighborhood of Frederick City as a 
reserve to protect Washington, by the onlcrs of the War Dcjiart- 
mcnt. 

'I'hf K'r,-:iinciil, tirst with (Iciwral Morris's Briga<lf of the Third 
Division, Third .\riiiy Corps, then witli tlie K'cscrve Artillery, an<l 



SIXTH NEW-YOBK VOLVNTEEB ARTILLERY. 41 

afterward with Ajres's Division of the Fifth Corps, participated 
in all of the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, from Gettys- 
burg, in July, 1863, to August 13, 1864, in the siege of Petersburg, 
including the Bristoe Station, the Mine Run, and the great Grant 
campaigns, and has probably the unique record of having served in 
battle with every Corps of the Army of the Potomac, with Sheri- 
dan's Army in the Shenandoah, and with the Army of the James. 
The following is a list of its more important engagements with the 
enemy: 

With thb Army of the Potomac. —Wapping Heights, July 23, 1863. The Grant 
campaign — WUderness, May 5, 6, and 7, 1864 ; Spottsylvania, May 8, 9, 10, 11, and 
12, 1864. Lieutenant-Colonel W. P. Fox, in his work entitled " Regimental Losses 
in the Civil War," states that the Regiment was one of thirty-four regiments 
at the same time engaged which suffered the heaviest losses of any in the Army of 
the Potomac on those days. Hanis Farm, Spottsylvania, May 19, 1864. In recogni- 
tion of the services of the troops engaged on this occasion, the following order was 
issued : 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
May 20, 1864, 8 a. m. 

The Major-General Commanding desires to express his satisfaction with the good 
conduct of Tyler's Division and Kitching's Brigade [this Brigade consisted of two 
regiments, the Sixth and the Fifteenth New- York Artillery, both acting as In- 
fantry] of Heavy Artillery, in the affair of yesterday evening. The gallant man- 
ner in which those commands, the greater portion being for the first time under fire, 
met and checked the persistent attacks of a Corps of the enemy led by one of its 
ablest Generals, justifies the commanding General in the special commendation of 
troops who henceforth will be relied upon, as were the tried veterans of the Second 
and Fifth Corps, at the same time engaged. 

By command of Major-General Meade, 
S. S. Williams. 

Battles at the Ford of the North Anna River, May 23, 24, 25, 26, and 27. In these 
battles the Sixth Artillery lost more in killed and wounded than any other regiment 
in the Army of the Potomac at the same time engaged. ( Vide " Regimental Losses 
in the Civil War.") Bethesda Church, May 30. 

The New- York Herald of June 1 said, in reference to one of these 
battles: "A despatch from the Army of the Potomac, dated on 



42 yosKEKs ry the hebellios. 

Tuesday i)ight, says that the day before the Fifth Corps, advanciug 
from the Havre's Store toward Bethesda Church, drove the enemy 
about two miles. At sunset, while the men were engaged in dig- 
ging rifle-pits, Rhodes's and Early's Divisions made an attack on 
Warren's right flank, causing him to fall back from his first line. 
The enemy then advanced and charged the second liue. Kitching's 
Brigade of Heavy Artillery w^as posted there, and opened a heavy 
fire in conjunction with batteries on both flanks, which nearly de- 
molished the Rebel column of attack. The enemy fell back in ter- 
rible disorder, and left tlieit- (lead and wounded on the field." 



Meehanicsville Pike, June 1 ; Mechanicsville Pike (second position), June 2 ; battle 
of Cold Harbor, June .3 ; Cliickahominy, near Long Bridge, June 13 ; assault on 
Petei"sburgr, June 18 ; more or less continuously engaged during June 19, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, and 25, 18G4; siege of Petersburg, June 23 to August 13, 18&4, including 
tlie Mine Explosion on July 30. 18(U. 

With General Sheridan's Army in the Shenandoah Valley.— Battle of 
Cedar Creek, near Winchester, October 14, 1864. J. Howard Kitching, the beloved 
Colonel of the Regiment, here received a wound which caused his death ; Major 
Jones and Lieutenant Raspljerry were killed ; and tlie command of the Regiment 
devolved upon Major George C. Kibbe, a gallant and efficient officer. 



With the Army of the James.— Defences of Bermuda Hundred; sharp en- 
gagement, January 22, 1865; repelled assault, January 24; repelled assault on 
picket-line, Febi-uary 13. 1865. 

Licutfiiaiit-Cokiucl George C. Kiblic, who had ably and irallaiitly 
commanded the Regiment since Colonel J. Howard Kitihinii^ was 
wounded, was commissioned Colonel March 17, lS(;r). The last time 
the Regiment was under fire was in a liriel' enij;;ip'nii'iit at ISerniuila 
llniMlie.l. .\i.iil •_', lS(i.-). 



SIXTH NEW-YORK VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY. 43 

The original members of the One Hundi'ed and Thirty-Fifth Regi- 
ment New- York Volunteer Infantry were mustered out of the United 
States service June 27, 1865. The remainder, with a Battalion of 
the Tenth New- York Artillery, became the consolidated Sixth New- 
York Artillery, of which Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen Baker, of the 
Sixth Artillery, was chosen Colonel, on account of brave and meri- 
torious services, and was mustered out July 13, 1865, after having 
done General Provost-Marshal duty about Petersbui'g subsequent 
to the surrender of Lee. 

The following letter was recently received from Colonel Wm. F. 
Fox, author of the famous woi'k entitled " Regimental Losses During 
the Civil War," acknowledging a mistake in his treatment of the 
record of the Sixth New- York Artillery, by which the Regiment 
was omitted from the list of his selected " Three Hundred Fight- 
ing Regiments," a position to which it was entitled by " the ti'ail 
of blood." 

August 1, 1891. 
Major Feedebic Shonnard, Yonkers, N. Y. : 

Bear Sir : In reply I would say that there is no question but that your old Regi- 
ment, the Sixth Artillery, was a fighting Regiment in every sense of the word, and 
I am fully aware of its heroic record. Another edition of the work is to be pub- 
lished soon, in which the omission will be rectified 

Yours fraternally. William F. Fox. 

The following extract from the report of Brigadier-Greneral 

Henry J. Hunt, Chief of Artillery, Ai-my of the Potomac, dated 

October 31, 1864, in which the Regiment is honorably mentioned, 

will be of interest: 

The Reserve Artillery, May 4, 1864, under the command of Colonel H. S. Bui-ton, 
Fifth United States Artillery, consisted of two Regiments of foot Artillery, — the 
Sixth New- York, Colonel J. Howard Kitching; the Fifteenth New -York, Colonel 



44 YOyKEli.S IX THE UKBELUOX. 

L. Schirmer,— twelve batteries of field artillerj-, twenty-six Napoleons, eighteen 
3-inch, twelve 10-pounder, and six 20-pounder Parrotts,and eight 24-pounder Coe- 
horn mortars. The troops of the reserve were organized into three brigades. The 
first, under the command of Colonel J. Howard Kitcliing, Sixth New- York Artillery, 
consisted of the Sixth and Fifteenth New- York Regiments, six battalions of foot 
ArtUlery armed as Infantry, 84 officers, and 2,901 men. This Brigade formed the 
escort and furnished the guards for the reserve and the park attached to it, and 
was at all times disposable as a reserve and to reinforce the Corjjs in battle. 
Ill this way it did valuable service, taking its full .share of the marching and 
fighting of the anny in addition to its special duties. 

That afternoon (the 7th), the Reserve Artilleiy marched to Piney Branch Church, 
which place it reached on the morning of the 8th, when Kitching's Brigade of foot 
Artillerj- was ordered to report to Major-General Hancock, at Todd's Tavern. 
General Hancock ordered it back to the reserve the same night, and again called 
for it the next morning. From this time this Brigade was marched to and fro from 
one Corps to another, being either always in action or on the march, until it was 
finally, on the breaking up of the reserve, attached to the Fifth Corps, Major- 
General Warren. 



Tile survivors of tliis l)ravc Rcgiiiifiit, tlic iiifinlicrs of wliich so 
signally flistinguished tlicinsclvcs liy their patrintic promptness in 
leaving their homes to risk tlieir lives in the defence of tlie Gov- 
ernment, and in their conduct on many havd-fought battle-fields 
of the war, again made manifest their sterling (jualities as men, 
and their patriotism as citizens, by tlieir orderly return to the 
avocations of peace. 

On September 2, 1890, the twenty-fifth anniversary of the mus- 
t.r-in to tlie riiited States service, the first reunion of tlie 
Kegiineut, was held in Turn Hall, Yonkers. Over three hundred 
survivors attended, clasped hands for the liist time in a iiuartei- of 
a ci'iitury, made s])eerlies, sang songs, laughed, crie<l, elieered, and 
mibraced carli otii.r around the supper-table, after having organ- 
ized tlieniselves into a soeietv entitled Tin- Frati'rnitv of the Sur- 



SIXTH NEW-YORK VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY. 45 

vivors of the Sixth New -York Volunteer Artillery, and elected the 
following officers : 

Frederic Shonnard. President, late Major U. S. V. 
George C. Kibbe, Fii-st Vice-President, late Colonel U. S. V. 
Stephen Baker, Second Vice-President, late Colonel U. S. V. 
Henry B. Hall, Third Vice-President, late Captain and Brevet 

Major U. S. V. 
William H. Morris, Fourth Vice-President, late Brigadier-General 

and Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 
J. B. Eakins, Treasurer, late Sergeant U. S. V. 
John Smith, Jr., Secretary, late Lieutenant U. S. V. 
John Forsyth, Resident Secretary, late Sergeant U. S. V. 
Samuel Bassett, Corresponding Secretary, late Captain U. S. V. 



(^ 



wm 



ON THE NORTH SIDE. 



THE ARTILLERY STATUE. 



This statue was designed aud drawn by J. E. Kelly, of New- York. It 
presents a gunner in action looking attentively to note in the distance 
the effect of a shot just fired. Fidelity of conception, lofty motive, con- 
scientious, skilful execution, and high artistic qualities are conspicuous. 
Inscriptions : 

(Under the Statue) 
ENDURANCE. 

THE UNION IS 

THE PALLADIUM OF 

OUR SAFETY 

AND PROSPERITY. 



CREDIT MAINTAINED. 



CHAPTER IV. 

THE THIRTY-DAYS MEN. 

Captain John Davis Hatch's Company — Vai^iant Service at Foet 
McHenry, Baltimoee — Captain John Padden's Company — 
Garrison Duty at Fort Richmond, New- York Harbor. 

CAPTAIN hatch's COMPANY. 

ON the 8tli day of July, 1863, the thirty-days meu enlisted by 
John Davis Hatch were mustered into the ser\nce of the 
United States, at Yonkers, and did valiant service at Fort McHenry, 
Baltimore, Maryland. Their full official designation was Company 
H, Seventeenth Regiment, National Guard State New -York. The 
following names are copied fi-om the muster-in roll : 

Officers. 

John Davis Hatch, Captain. 
James Stewart, Second Lieutenant. 
Edward P. Bobbins, First Sergeant. 
Stephen R. Struthers, Second Sergeant. 
51 



YOSKERS /A' IHE REBELLION. 

John McClain, Third Sergeant. 
Walter H. Paddock, Fourth Sergeant. 
Robert A. Getty, First Corporal. 
Co>r\VAY PiLSON, Second Corporal. 
JosiAH Rich, Jr., Third Corporal. 
William Macparlane, Fourth Corporal. 
John Cahill, Musician. 
James Kennedy, Musician. 



Adams, Charles H. 
Archer, Samuel. 
Archer, William S. 
Baird, Edward P. 
Baird, William C. 
Bashford, James, Jr. 
Beale, Willllm R. 
Belknai', Ethelbert. 
Bell, Alonzo. 
Blauvelt, Daniel, Jr. 
Bro\vn, James H. B. 
Brown, Haviland S. 
Campbell, John C. 
Campbell, John C, Jr. 
Chamberlain, George. 
Chamberlain, Isaac E. 
Coen, Thomas F. 
CoEN, John J. 

EicKEMEYKR, Rl-DOLK. 

Fisher, Philip W. 
Frisbie, George H. 
Garrison, George 0. 
Haight, Henry. 
Haley, Thomas H. 
Jenley, John W. 



Morrison, DA\^D M. 
Murphy, John. 
Odell, James B. 
Otis, Charles R. 
Porter, William B. 
Post, James V. 
Proseus, Joseph L. 
Radclijt, Abram S 
Redding, John F. 
Rice, Benjajiin. 
Sawyer, Benjamin F., Jr. 
Sawy'er, Henry C. 
Silke, Freeman J. 
Smith, Samuel L. 
Thayer, Stephen H.. Jr. 
TH0M.S0N, William. 
Tindall, Richard B. 
Tyler, Edward H. 
Von Storch, Henry F. 
Ward, James. 
Waring, Cscar. 
Wilcox, Richard E. 
WiLSEA, James P. 
Woodworth, James G. 



THE THIRTY-DAYS MEN. 53 



CAPTAIN PADDEN\S COMPANY. 



On the 4th of June, 1864, the thivty-days men enlisted by John 
"W. Padden were mustered into the service of the United States, at 
Yonkers, and marched the same day over historic ground on Val- 
entine's Hill, to the village of Mount Vernon, where they found 
transportation to Mamaroueck, at which place they joined their 
Regiment. Their full official designation was Company B, Fif- 
teenth Regiment, Sixth Brigade, National Guard, State New- York 
Volunteers. On Sunday morning, June 5, 1864, the Fifteenth Regi- 
ment sailed on a Government transport to Fort Richmond, New- 
York Harbor, returning home July 6 the same year. The following 
names are copied fi'om the muster-in roll: 



Officers. 

John W. Padden, Captain. 
A. J. WiLLARD, First Lieutenant. 
Clement T. Dcrgin, Second Lieutenant. 
George W. Brown, First Sergeant. 
Charles A. Chapin, Second Sergeant. 
Robert B. Cantrell, Tliird Sergeant. 
James Edie, Fourth Sergeant. 
WiLLLAM E. Hindals, Fifth Sergeant. 
James Keeler, First Corporal. 
Alfred M. Bowler, Second Corporal. 
Richard Edie, Third Corporal. 
Jajies Gaffney, Fourth Coi-poral. 
George C. Post, Fifth Coi-poral. 
Mark Spencer, Sixth Corporal. 
Joseph A. George, Seventh Corporal. 
Albert Johnson, Eighth Coi-poral. 



YONKEJiS IN THE liEBELLlON. 
Prittiies. 



Archer, Charles E. 

BaKKK, .lAilES M. 

Brady, Michael. 
Brow-n, Caleb V. 
Cahill, John. 
Carv, Patrick. 
Casuan, James. 
Chamberlain, Charles W. 
CiLVJiPNEY, Edward. 
CoEN, John. 
Coon, John W. 
Crane, John. 
Crowtheb, Timothy. 
Daly, Micil^kl. 
Daly, Thomas F. 
Daly, Thomas J. 
Danks, Eli L. 
Donohue, Cil\rles. 
DooLEY, John. 
DooLucKTY, John. 
DoiouERTY, John. 
Ellor, Joseph. 
Fisher, Charles R. 
Fisher, Philip. 
Fisher, William H. 
Francis, Kellogo. 
Gaury, Michael. 
Gorman, John. 
Gr^uiam, John 
Greitz, Frederick. 
Grunsbrall, Henry. 
GuioN, William M. 
Hallihan, John. 
Ha.mpson, Thomas. 



JdiiNSox, Charles L. 
Jordan, Thomas. 
Kennedy, James. 
Kernan, James. 
La^vhence, Chahles. 
Lawrence, Thomas C. 
Limbert, Benjamin. 
Marshall, John. 
McCready, Thomas. 
Miller, Franklyn. 
Mills, Joseph. 
Mitchell, Benjamin. 
Moody, Robert. 
MoRUAN, Henry D. 
Myers, Henry S. 
Parkinson, George N. 
Pethic, Charles. 
Post, Charles J. 
Post, Samuel. 
Regan, Michael. 
Ryan, Thomas. 
Schneider, Frederick. 
SiMMONDS, George. 

SlJIMONS, WiLLUM. 

Smith, Willlam. 
Stephens, George. 
Stevens, Edward. 
Tansey, Roger. 
Tracy, Patrick. 
Van Tassell, S. C. 
Wilsea, James P. 
Wing, Michael. 
Woodruff, Freukkkk H. 



«M|iL 



CHAPTER V. 

THE HOME GUARDS. 

The Draft Riots in New- York — Yonkers Threatened — Dr. 
Henry M. Baird on the Situation— The Home Guards Or- 
ganized to Preserve Order and Protect Property — Watch- 
Tower OF the First Presbyterian Church — "An Awkward 
Squad" — Duties Defined by Frederick S. Cozzens — An 
Arrest and Court Martial — Good Service at a Critical 
Time. 

DURING the draft riots in New- York, in July, 1863, the law- 
less spirit reached Yonkers. A company of roughs from be- 
low approached King's Bridge, with the intention, it was rumored, 
of capturing the Star Arms Company's stock, in the building now 
occupied by the John T. Waring Manufacturing Company. An- 
other rumor was that the Croton Aqueduct was to be tapped. 
There were indications of trouble among the quarrymeu at Tucka- 
hoe, and avowed sympathy for the rioters in New- York, who were 
in open rebellion against the laws, destroying private property and 

55 



56 YOXKEIiS IX TlfK liEIiKLUOX. 

assaulting, and even murdering, inoffensive people. The militia 
organization had gone to the front to meet an emergoucy, while 
lai-ge numbers of the heads of families were in the army battling 
to save the Union. It is not strange that, under such circum- 
stances, a general feeling of uneasiness was experienced. 

A meeting was held in the store of Acker, Edgar & Co., which 
resulted in the organization of the Home Guards, to preserve the 
peace and protect persons and property. Dr. Henry M. Baird gives 
the following account of the Guards and their work: 

Judge Atkins is correct in his impression that I acted with the 
Home Guards in the summer of 1863. I fear my services were of 
no great account, and, indeed, the services of the entire Guard did 
not amount to much more than to give a little courage to a some- 
what despondent community. It was during the time of the "draft 
riots" in New- York, which had cut off all communication by rail 
with the metropolis. There were distinct rumors of a probable in- 
vasion of Yonkers by men from the marble-quarries near Tuckahoe 
who were expected to come in quest of pillage, taking advantage 
of the absence of our Company, then posted on Federal Hill, Bal- 
timore. My brothers, Edward and William, were with the Company. 

To meet the emergency a goodly number of us met and drilled, 
using Fan-iugton Hall, situated where Radford Building now is, as 
our iieadquarters. 1 n'member that as a inilf wf were on duty 
upon alternate nights. 

One night a party of us, armed, patrolled tli<' distriet near the 
Railroad Depot, where there were several engines brought uji from 
New- York, to got them out of harm's way. Another night half a 
dozen of us, under command of .ludge Atkins, slept in the untin- 



THE HOME GUARDS. 57 

ished stable on the present pi'operty of Mi-. William Allen Butler, 
at Palisade avenue and High street, and repeatedly, during the 
night, sent out parties of two or more to visit Hog Hill, and see 
that all was quiet there. 

Another night, Mr. William C. Waring, Sr., and I spent in the 
tower of the First Presbyterian Church, taking turns in watching 
for the signal we might receive to ring the great bell as an alarm 
to call out all good citizens. The watchword had been given us in 
all secrecy, and it was arranged that, should the messenger from 
headquarters be unable to reach us, we should accept the word 
shouted to us from the opposite side of the street as a sufficient 
warrant for action. 

The Home Guards were sworn as special constables. They were 
divided into fom- Companies, and numbered over three hundred 
and fifty men. Everett Clapp, then President of the village, was 
active in organizing the force, and supplied them with carbines 
from the Star Arms Cjtmpany. Lyman Cobb, Jr., acted as Secre- 
tary, Thomas V. Morris was Commander, and Gardner P. Haws 
was Adjutant. 

Company A : Captain WiLLiAii MoNTGOMEEY, Lieutenants Frederick C. Oakley 
and T. A. Atkins. 

Company B: Captain Edgar Logan, Lieutenants J. W. Paddon and H. A. 
Brownell. 

Company C: Captain Henry A. Chadeayne, Lieutenants WiGO Fich and B. F. 
Bunker. 

Company B: Captain Sylvanus Mayo, Lieutenants A. J. Willaed and T. Hill. 

A general order, issued by President Clapp, designated that Com- 
pany A should meet weekly, at the armory in Farrington Hall, for 



,-,8 YOXKEliS IX THE REBELLIOX. 

drill, on Monday evening at 8 o'clock, Company B i>n Wi-diicsday 
evening, Company C on Thursday evening, and ("oiiipany D on 
Saturday evening. 

At a meeting of the force held July 22, 1863, the object was 
declared to be : When called upon by the village authorities to 
protect property and preserve the peace; to execute all lawful 
orders issued by the village authorities; to protect and uphold all 
well-disposed persons who may be threatened with coercion or 
spoliation by reason of their refusing to join riotous assemblages. 

On the arrival of the carbines at the armory. President Clapp 
put them in charge of Lyman Cobb, Jr., gave him the password, 
and ordered him to watch over them until relieved, which would 
be in the course of an hour or so. In the excitement of the time 
the promised relief was forgotten. On visiting the armory next 
morning, President Clapp found Mr. Cobb still on guard. " You 
here yet!" was the exclamation. "I have obeyed orders," replied 
Mr. Cobb. "Well," f^iiid the President, "you are a good sol- 
dier." Explanations followed, and the circuinstanoes caused much 
merament. 

In addition to the Home Guards, a large force of employees was 
organized to protect the Star Arms Comjiany's property, and that 
force was well equipped with cannon, guns, pistols, &c., for effec- 
tive service in case of attack. It seems altogether probable that 
these precautions preventccl trouble tliat iniglit have resultctl in 
the loss of life and ])roperty. 

"It may be said," remarked one of the (Juards. "that tin' iMitire 
body was an awkward squad, and the drills atfordt>d much amuse- 
ment. The corporations of some were of aldermanic proportions, 
yet it was insisted that thev should line front and ri'iir. Manv 



THE HOME GUARDS. 59 

could not keep step — and when commanded to step off with the 
left foot, they would start off with the right. To see the Guards 
go through the manual of arms was truly a comical sight. Still 
the Home Guards served a very useful purpose." 

Frederick S. Cozzens declared that it was the duty of the Guards 
to defend the village at all hazards, and not to leave it except in 
case of invasion by an enemy — and then, to get out on the double- 
quick. 

It is related that two of the Guards, oat on patrol duty on North 
Broadway one night, saw a man with a bundle enter a barn under 
what they considered suspicious circumstances. On capturing him 
he proved to be a German, who declared, and no doubt truthfully, 
that his only object in entering the barn was to seek shelter for 
the night. However, the prisoner was taken to headquarters and 
locked up. Next morning he was taken before the "Court Mar- 
tial." A Judge- Advocate was on hand to prosecute, and the Court 
mercifully assigned counsel to defend the prisoner's "liberty and 
life." He was searchea^ and two matches were found in one of his 
pockets. 

" There ! " shouted the Judge- Advocate, with startling emphasis. 
" What more do you want ? Do not those matches afford con- 
clusive evidence that this person intended to fire the barn and blow 
up Yonkers f " 

The prisoner's counsel was earnest and eloquent in the defense 
of his trembling client — but all to no purpose. The Court found 
him guilty, and sentenced him to be shot. 

" Mein Got ! " exclaimed the frightened German. " I lef New- 
York to keep from bein' murdered — and I fin' you vos verse up 
here dan dey vos down dere ! " His life was spared. 



60 



YOyKEBS IN THE UEBELLIOS. 



We have been unable to find the rosters of the Home Guarils, but 
it is believed that the following gentlemen were among those who 
united with their fellow-citizens to protect Yonkers at a critical 
period : 



AcKERMAN, James. 
AcKERMAN, William G. 
AcKERT, Nelson. 
Andeksox, Willlam H. 
ARrmiiALD, William. 
Atkins, T. Astley. 
Baird, Henry M. 
Baldwin, Anson. 
Barnes, Reuben. 
Barry, Samuel S. 
Bashford, James. 
Belknap, Charles. 
Bills, Orrix A. 
Brewer, Rev. Darius R. 
Brown, Henry. 
Burns, jEREMLiii. 
Chadeayne, Charles L. 
Clapp, Everett. 
Clark, S. M. 
Cleveland, Cyrus. 
Coffey, John J. 
Coleman, William T. 
Condon, L. R. 
Curran, Huoh. 
cuthell, tuomas h. 
Devoe, Henry F. 
Deyo, Philip A. 
DiNSMORE, Samuel. 
DiNSMORE, Luther. 
DoRAN, Walter A. 
Doty, William H. 

DOUOLASS, RoilERT J. 

Dkim.mdn, William P. 



East, John A. 
Edgar, William B. 
Elting, E. J. 
Embree, John. 
Embree, Robert. 

FaRRINGTON, THOiUS 0. 

Flagg, Ethan. 
FooTE, William C. 
Francis, George W. 
Francis, Kellogg. 
Garrison, Hyatt L. 
Getty, Robert P. 
Getty, S. Emmett. 
Hawkins, Joseph W. 
Haws, Gardner. 
Hobbs, John. 
Jenkens, Dr. J. Foster. 
Keeler, Albert. 
Knox, Isaac H. 
Lawrence, Justus. 
Lawrence, Willum H. 
Major, William. 
Mason, John M. 
Mercer, Charles T. 
Montgomery, William. 
MoTT, Willlam R. 
Neville, Robert. 
Olmsted, John. 
Otis, E. G. 
Pagan, John. 
Peene, Joseph. 
Perry, Safford G. 
PiLsoN,' Conway. 



THE HOME GUARDS. 



61 



Quick, S. Francis. 
Eadcliff, Peter E. 
Read, Jacob. 
Bobbins, Jeremiah. 
Sanders, Jajmes P. 
ScRivEN, James. 
Shipman, Ralph. 
Shonnaed, Edward F. 
Skinner, George B. 
Speedling, Alonzo. 
Stare, Benjamin A. 
Stare, Charles. 
Stewart, David. 
Stewart, George. 



Stout, Theodore B. 
Underbill, Edward. 
Upham, Dr. George B. 
Vail, Jonathan. 
Valentine, James M. 
Von Stoech, Henry F. 
Waring, William C. 
Waring, Charles E. 
Waring, Jarvis. 
Waring, John T. 
Wells, Lemuel. 
woodworth, w. w. 
YouMANS, James. 



^"^ 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE SANITARY FAIR. 

A Great Success — Over Sixteen Thousand Dollars Raised to 
Aid the Benevolent Work of the United States Sanitary 
Commission. 

DURING- the week commencing on Moudsiy, February 15, 1864, 
the people of Y(\oakers united in a fair to raise money in aid 
of the widely extended and beneficent work of the United States 
Sanitary Commission among the sick and wounded Union soldiers. 

Officers: Isaac H. Knox, President; Ethan Flagg, James R. 
Whiting, James L. Valentine, William W. Scrugham and Everett 
Clapp, Vice-Presidents; William H. Post, Recording Secretary; 
G. Hilton Scribner, Corresponding Secretary ; E. J. Hanks, Treas- 
urer; James C. Bell, Justus Lawrence, Edward Martin, John H. 
Morris, Robert P. Getty, Cyrus Cleveland, Thomas C. Cornell, 
William G. Ackerman, Robert J. Douglas, John T. Waring, Mrs. T. 
R. Hibbard, Mrs. George W. Embree, and Miss Alantha P. Pratt, 



(i4 YONKEUS IX THE HE BELLI ON. 

Executive Committee; John K. Myers, James B. Colgate, Henry 
Bowers, John Phillips, and Joseph H. Godwin, Finance Committee. 

In charge of Fancy AVork Tahle: Mrs. (Jeoi-irt- W. Embree, 
Chairman ; Mrs. Henry Anstice, Mrs. Samuel D. Babcock, Mrs. 
Henry W. Bashford, Mrs. Henry M. Baird, Mrs. William Bell, Mrs. 
Henry Bowers, Mrs. Henry F. Brevoort, Mrs. S. J. Brett, Mrs. Fred- 
erick Carnes, Mrs. N. Carpenter, Mrs. Everett Clapp, Mrs. Cyrus 
Cleveland, Mrs. H. B. Cleveland, Mrs. Frederick A. Coe, Mrs. Thos. 
C. Cornell, Mrs. Abijah Curtiss, Mrs. R. L. Franklin, Mrs. F. S. 
Gant, Mrs. Samuel P. Holmes, Mrs. Anson B. Hoyt, Mrs. Thomas 
Kenworthy, Mrs. Justus Lawrence, Mrs. Edgar Logan, Mrs. Ed- 
ward Martin, Mrs. J. H. Morris, Mrs. C. H. Mulford, Mrs. John K. 
Myers, Mrs. D. C. Ralston, Mrs. H. M. Requa, Mrs. Josiah Rich, 
Mrs. B. Rockwell, Mrs. M. W. Rooney, Mrs. G. Hilton Scribner, 
Mrs. M. F. Rowe, Mrs. J. N. Stearns, Mrs. John Stilwell, Mrs. P. O. 
Strang, Mrs. Walter Tail, Mrs. Charles E. Waring, Mrs. Ethan 
Flagg, Mrs. Heman L. White, Mrs. Thomas F. Morris, Mrs. Wil- 
liam C. Waring, Mrs. F. De Bellier, Mrs. John T. Waring, Mrs. 
Lemuel Wells, Mrs. Wilm Beets, Mrs. W. W. Woodworth, Mrs. 
II. n. Wolcott, Misses Carrie Gaylor, F. C. Bellamy, Bloomer, 
M. Cahill, Ida Cleveland, I^fary A. Foster, Mary Francis Gourlie, 
Grimwood, Kate Hullicit, ('. Lockwood, Helen Holmes, Maggie 
Morrison, L. C. Mason, Clara Okell, Helen A. Rollins, Sandford, 
Kate AVillard, Sanger, Sergeant, Maria Starr, H. Variau, Jennie 
Black, C. E. Blauvelt, Liiia A. Budd, B.ll, (iilicii, Lawson, Locke, 
Strulhers, Walsh, ami ('inter. 

Flowers and Fruits: Mrs. T. K. llil.banl. Cluiiniiaii; Mrs. 
Jo.seph Agate, Mrs. T. W. Binlsall, .Mrs. Willii.ni T. ('..Iniiau, Mrs. 



THE SANITARY FAIB. 65 

C. H. Lillientbal, Mrs. Thomas W. Ludlow, Mrs. T. M. North, Mrs. 
Reuben W. Van Pelt, Miss A. Bettner, Miss Chapin, Miss Farring- 
ton. Miss Harriet Getty, Miss Elizabeth Hilton, Miss Anna Pendle- 
ton, the Misses Shannon, Miss Lila Seward, Miss Annie Shipman, 
Miss Jane Underwood, Miss Edna Waring, Miss Rachel Waring, 
WiUiam T. Coleman, Hudson Kingsley, C. H. Lillientbal, Thomas 
W. Ludlow, Jr., Josiah Rich, Gt. A. Rollins, and Henry Baylis. 

Painting and Fine Arts : William T. Coleman, Chairman ; Mrs. 
James B. Colgate, Mrs. Lyman Cobb, Jr., Mrs. Saunders Coates, 
Mrs. Edward F. Shonnard, Mrs. J. A. Underwood, the Misses 
Gihon, Miss J. V. Kellinger, William Bell, Saunders Coates, 
Thomas W. Ludlow, Frederick S. Cozzens, Lyman Cobb, Jr., 
Frederick A. Coe, Dr. L. W. Flagg, Carleton Gates, Thomas Gray, 
Alfred Jones, Horace J. Moody, E. C. Moore, William Shannon, 
and J. B. Carpenter. 

Printing: John T. \Variug, Chairman; William R. Beal, Van 
Buren Denslow, J. W. Padden, Lyman Cobb, Jr., Elon Comstock, 
and M. F. Rowe. 

Valentines and Post-Offices: Miss Alantha P. Pratt, Chairman; 
Miss Martha Ackerman, Miss Helen Doty, Miss Lucy Gaylor, Miss 
Isabella Gourlie, Miss S. M. Haines, Miss Kate Hurlbert, Miss 
S. M. McAdam, Miss Ida Robbins, Miss Anna Thurber, Miss Kate 
Taggard, Miss Lucy Valentine, Edward P. Baird, William C. Baird, 
George W. Bashford, William H. Doty, David Morrison, Edward 
Robbins, Josiah Rich, Jr., Frederic Shonnard, William B. Strang, 
Stephen Struthers, and Marshall Whiting. 



(jf; YOXKfJIiS IX THE KEBKLLIOX. 

Rooms and Decorations: Thomas C. Cornell, Chairman ; William 
S. Archer, John D. Hatch, Anthony Imhoff, George Leeds, Charles 
W. Starr, B. Leeds, John McLain, Valentine Melah, and S. Francis 
Quick. 

Lectures, Music, and Entertainments : Robert P. Getty, Chairman ; 
Francis N. Bangs, E. S. Cummings, Thomas W. Birdsall, Gardner P. 
Haws, John M. Mason, William H. Taggard, Richard Wynkoop, 
F.J. M. Cornell, Frederick S. Cozzens, Thomas Cuthbort, William S. 
Duke, Edgar Logan, Thomas Moore, Thomas M. North, Stephen H. 
Thayer, J. Henry Williams, and George W. Embree. 

Refreshments: Philip A. Deyo, Chairman ; Mrs. William G. Acker- 
man, Mrs. J. C. Bell, Mrs. J. Blake, Mrs. P. A. Deyo, Mrs. F. S. Coz- 
zens, Mrs. George Embree, Mrs. J. H. Godwin, Mrs. A. T. Gourlie, 
IMrs. Thomas Gray, Mrs. J. D. Hatch, Mrs. J. S. Hawkins, Mrs. J. 
L.-wis Loib, Mrs. D. C. Kellinger, Mrs. C. Lynch, Mrs. .)<>lin .Mr- 
Sweeny, Mrs. Hull, Mrs. H. J. Moody, Mi-s. A. C. Mott, Mr.s. J. M. 
Morrison, Mrs. A. Munkittrick, Mrs. John M. Mason, Mrs. H. N. 
Otis, Mrs. W. H. Post, Mrs. Eliza Potter, Mrs. S. F. Quick, Mrs. G. 
A. Rollins, Mrs. J. C. Grimwood, Mrs. W. W. Scrugham, Mrs. J. G. 
Schrive, Mrs. J. E. Parsons, Mrs. A. P. Speedling, Mrs. T. B. Stout, 
Mrs. J. Wetherald, Miss Annie Anstice, Miss Bright, Miss Disbrow, 
Miss Douglass, Miss Rebecca Getty, Miss Hawkins, Miss Macfarlane, 
Miss Pethie, Miss Sanders, Miss J. Wakeley, Miss Wells, Miss Wil- 
liams, Bailey Hobbs, A. Ai-chibald, H. F. Baldwin, Justus Lawrence, 
M. C. Davis, W. TT. Dut}-, George W. Embree, Duncan MactVnlano, 
Frederick C. ();ikh y, .1. K. Parsons, A. S. Radcliff, T. B. St.ait, S. 
Struthers, E. P. Haird, and T. O. Farriiigton. 



THE SANITABY FAIR. 67 

War Memorials and Curiosities: Robert J. Douglass, Chairman; 
E. S. F. Arnold, H. W. BasMord, B. F. Bunker, Charles L. Chad- 
eayne, Henry C. Crane, William H. Lawrence, Josiali Rich, Jr., 
Thomas F. Morris, Joseph T. Sanger, James Stewart, E. Strang, 
S. R. Syms, Edward Underhill, Dr. George B. Upham, and W. W. 
Woodworth. 

Produce, Groceries, and Provisions : William G. Ackerman, Chair- 
man ; E. M. Bibby, M. T. Bolmer, Henry F. Brevoort, James Brown, 
L. R. Condon, T. A. Collins, P. A. Deyo, Gilman Dudley, J. A. Dur- 
kee, Charles R. Dusenberry, William B. Edgar, Caleb Fowler, A. F. 
Vermilyea, George W. Francis, D. H, Kellogg, Dennis McGrath, 
Peter F. Peek, Robert F. Rich, Jacob Read, Thomas Radford, John 
W. Rockwell, Edward F. Shonnard, A. Van Cortlandt, and Charles E. 
Waring. 

Dry Goods, Books, ? nd Stationery : Cyrus Cleveland, Chairman ; 
Peter B. Acker, Samuel R. Brown, William Gihon, John B. Peck, 
William Smith, Peter O. Strang, James Wetherald, Samuel B. Janes, 
Charles Lockwood, Alfred Ayres, Walter Bramhall, Britton Richard- 
son, Henry Anstice, E. J. Elting, William Macf arlane, M. W. Rooney, 
H. L. Stone, Walter Vail, Heman L. White, John N, Stearns, John 
B. Locke, Frederick De Bellier, A. Munkittrick, and J. H. Wilgus. 



Mechanics and Useful Arts : John H. Morris, Chairman ; Nelson 
Ackert, James Berwick, Isaac G. Johnson, William C. Waring, H. 
H. Wolcott, William H. Anderson, Hugh Curran, William Mont- 
gomery, George B. Skinner, and William N, Seymour. 



fJH YOXKEHS IN THE REBELLION. 

The main exhibition was in the large three-story 1)ric-k building 
on James street, then just erected for Ethan Flagg, and now occu- 
pied by Howard W. Flagg as a hat-factory ; the art exhibition was 
in Fan-ingtou Hall ; and a series of veiy successful entertainments 
was given in the Getty Lyceum, a public hall which then formed 
part of the Getty House. An interesting feature of the fair was 
the following letter from President Lincoln and his Cabinet, sent 
in response to a request from Mrs. Benjamin Kockwell to Mr. 
Sewaj'd : 

Washington, January 14. 1864. 
The President of the United States, and the Heads of Departments, tender 
their best wishes to the ladies and managei-s of the fair to be lield at Yonkers for 
the benefit of the sick and wounded soldiers. 

A. Lincoln, 
Wiu.i\M H. Seward, 
S. P. Chase, 
Edwin M. Stanton, 
Gideon Welles. 

The letter bore the signature of each official, and was formally 
sealed. It was sold to three hundi-ed contributors of twenty-five 
cents each, and presented to the village. The original letter and 
a list of the purchasers, in their own handwriting, are framed, and 
occupy prominent places in the City Clerk's office. 

Rev. Dr. Al)raham B. Carter, rector of St. John's Cliurch, sent a 
note to Isaac II. Knox, President of the Yonkers Sanitary Fair, 
saying, " I have the pleasure to inclose my check for .^750, being 
the proceeds of a collection made in St. John's Church, on Sunday, 
January 24, 18(54, in aid of the United States Sanitary Commission," 
with a re(iuest that the amount should be added to the proceeds of 
tlif fail-. Otlici- churclics contribnt.Ml tn tlif success of thf fair bv 



THE SANITARY FA IB. 69 

concerts, entei-tainmeuts, and collections. At that time the popu- 
lation of the town was something over 16,000, and the fair netted 
over one dollar for every man, woman, and child within its borders. 
It was a remarkably successful event, socially and financially, and 
clearly demonstrated the patriotic spirit of the people. 



^^ 



^ 

t 



CHAPTER VII. 

AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAR. 

YONKERS AT THE ClOSE OF THE REBELLION — GROWTH OF THE VIL- 
LAGE — More Progressive — The Census — Celebration op 
THE Fall of Richmond — President Lincoln's Assassination 
— Return of Our Brave Soldiers. 

FROM the acceptance of the Village Charter to the close of 
the Rebellion — ten years : six years of peace, four years 
of war — was an eventful decade for the little hainlet strung along 
the banks of the Nepperhan. In these years healthful progress 
was made, and foundations securely laid whereon have been built 
the superstructures of the present day. 

Many questions there were to be settled, and vdlling hearts and 
hands to settle them. The form of government temporarily set- 
tled, there quickly arose the potent question as to who should fill 
the offices, who administer the law. Great strifes there were in 
those eventful days. There were burning questions as to the 
roads, the police, the schools, and taxes, and after the war opened 
there were added the mighty questions of the draft, the substitute, 

71 



72 YONKERS IN THE liEBELLIOX. 

and the bounty. Fierce were the debates in Getty Lyceum over 
the town-bonding for bounties to substitutes. Scarcely less fierce 
were the contests for town Supervisor in those sad days of the war, 
so important were his duties. 

Amid the clamor of popular strife, and despite the convulsion 
of the Nation, this little village grew rapidly. Restless and 
impatient, it still knocked at Mr. Shonnard's gate on the north, 
and Mr, Ludlow's on the south. It was bursting its bonds. 

At the close of the war the place had assumed an appearance 
not unlike that of the present day. At the north end of the vil- 
lage many handsome places had been laid out and built upon. 
Along the Hudson most of the valuable sites had been taken up 
and improved. The Flats and the Hill had assumed the appear- 
ance which remains to the present day. Along the Nepperhan, once 
so pure, the mill and factory had come to stay, and make odorous 
the stream with their filth, and color it with their dyes. 

A few streets, or parts of streets, liad been opened, and tlie old 
roads slightly improved. A better class of buildings was fast tak- 
ing the place of those small frame structures which always mark 
a new settlement. 

Added to these changes, a new race of men liad arrived within 
our borders, and was fast driving out of power the men of the 
famous village election contest of ten years before. These new- 
comers brought with tlieiii jikhc! progressive ideas and nmcli avail- 
able capital. Along with these, and chiefly owing to the great 
demand for labor, came a rougher lot, some very good, some utterly 
bad, the mass chiefly indifferent. 

At this date the ancient town of Vonkt is had nnt been dis- 
inembere.l, and still I'eai-hed fn-iii the S|iuyten Diiyvil ("reek, on 



AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAS. 73 

the south, to the Greenburgh town-Hue, ou the uorth ; while the 
Bronx chiefly formed its eastern boundary, and the Hudson its 
western. Around the foundry at Spuyten Duyvil, and again at 
Riverdale, the population clustered, but north and east of the vil- 
lage-line the township was yet in farm-laud. Along the Nepperhan, 
the Bronx, the Sprain and Grassy Sprain, and Tibbet's Brook, were 
farms and farmers, pure and simple, even at this late date. Here 
and there, upon the old Post road, north and south of the village- 
line, were the more pretentious villas of the wealthier classes. 

The town roads had not increased much in numbers of late years, 
and they were not models of road-making by any means, being 
kept up after the ancient method of scooping up dirt from the sides 
of the road to dump it on the middle. Within the village-lines the 
ways were better kept, but the practice of macadamizing them 
was not then in vogue. It is but a short time back to mud roads, 
both in village and township, poor as the improved highways of 
Yonkers are considered now. 

Yonkers to all outwa.-d appearance was not affected by the war. 
For all that the people personally knew of it, it might as well have 
been in Asia, so remote were its effects. But statistics show that it 
had a solid share in putting down the Rebellion. It is said that 40 
men of Yonkers enlisted in the Mozart Regiment, and 135 in the 
Sixth New- York Heavy Artillery ; but this is far short of the total 
of Yonkers enlistment, for one authority says that Yonkers enlisted 
254 men in army and navy. We find reported 17 deaths among our 
soldiers, of whom 8 are reported as buried at Yonkers. All of these 
figures are far short of the terrible reality. Many of the ordinary 
items of information are likewise statistically cramped, but they 
are the best that are to be obtained. 



74 YONKERS IN THE HEISELUOX. 

The census of 1865 gives the town a population of over 12,000, 
and the village nearly 9,000. In the year 1800 the census gave 
Yonkers 1,176 inhabitants. 

A Gazetteer says that " Yonkers, pronounced Yonk'-erz, had 33 
stone houses, 194 brick, and 1,328 frame houses," in 1865, and that 
" a considerable amount of manufactures is carried on at Yonkers 
and on the Spuyten Duyvil Creek." "It contains 9 eharches, 
several private seminaries, a bank, and 3 newspaper oflSces." This 
is not exact, but it is near enough for a general Gazetteer. If 
we add a bank, several churches, a number of mills, a considerable 
number of both people and houses, and say that Yonkers furnished 
about 1,000 meu for the war, we shall probably come nearer the 
truth. As to the sinews of war, we paid one (juarter of the whole 
County Special Income Tax, and in all other war contributions 
were not behind other towns. 

We find in the census reports of that year — at the close of the 
war — such notes as these: "At least nine-tenths of those who re- 
pnrtcd answers speak cheerfully of the change which the war has 
brought upon the social condition of the people and the future 
prospects of the country." Two pro\'idential seasons of extra- 
ordinary abundance are noted as tending "to restore prosperity 
and happiness." An increase of expenditure among the people is 
also noted, and a marked improvement in the condition of the poor. 
Speaking concerning the soldiers, the historian of that year notes 
that " much the greater portion quietly returned to the avocations 
of livil life witli an industry in no degree impaired by their recent 
life iu the lifld." AH of which applied to the town of Yonkers at 
that date. 

The year ISCm opened aiui<l mu<-h unrtTtaiiity and many mis- 



AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAB. 75 

giviugs as to the future. The people of the town and village of 
Yonkers were thoroughly tired of the wai-, as, indeed, were the 
inhabitants of all the towns of the county. Every one hoped and 
prayed for peace. On every side now was evidence of this feeling. 
In February there happened an event which brought the subject 
anew and sadly to our hearthstones. 

The Government had ordered a heavy draft of men. The new 
quota of Yonkers was 106 of her sons. At Tarrytown the terrible 
wheel was set turning with 1,528 Yonkers names therein — 212 
names were drawn. At so late a date, after so many sacrifices on 
their part, the good people of Yonkers felt the weight of this call, 
and additional prayers went heavenward that the cruel war might 
soon be over. 

As the weeks wore on into months, and the prospects of peace 
increased, a more joyous sense prevailed. With other towns 
Yonkers rejoiced at the downfall of the Confederacy. 

A Yonkers journal, of April 8, said concerning the victoi-y that, 
" On receipt of the nt ws of the fall of Richmond, at Yonkers, on 
Monday afternoon last, there was a general rejoicing among the 
people, which found vent in various ways." In the evening groups 
of people gathered on the corners or about Getty Squai-e to talk 
over the events of the war. Cannon thundered forth a joyous 
salute, and sundry impromptu exhibitions of fireworks were made. 
The Village Fathers held a meeting the same evening, and resolved : 

That this Board recommend that the citizens of this village join in celebrating 
the fall of Eichmond, by au illumination of their dwellings, on Thursday evening 
of this week. 

It is chronicled of that eventful Thursday evening, that " Yon- 
kers shone forth amid a perfect blaze of light. The scene from the 



7() YOXKEliS IN TIIK UEBELLIOX. 

river was one of enchanting beauty. Music, I'oar of caiiiion, aii<l 
display of fireworks " lent gi-eater interest to the festi\nties. 

The " news of the surrender of Lee's army was received with a 
great demonstration, with steam-whistles, cannon, and church bells. 
It was a glad day for everybody." The chronicler quaintly adds, 
"And greatly enjoyed by all." 

"The announcement of the assassination of President Lincoln 
came suddenly upon the people of the "V'illage, and jiroduced the 
most intense feeling of sorrow." Flags were put at half-mast all 
over the town, for everybody owned a flag oi- two in those days. 
Appropriate mention was made in all the churches on the following 
Sunday. Upon the day of the funeral the village stores were closed, 
and funeral services were held in several of the churches. "In 
brief," says a chronicler of that date, " Yonkers, by every means 
within her power, evinced the depth and sincerity of the sorrow 
of her people." 

Oil thi' cvciiiiii,^ of tile 'Jnth of April, a vast mass-meeting was 
held at Farringt(jn Hall, at which .ludge Scrugham presided. The 
night before the Village Tinistees had met and passed appropriate 
resolutif)ns. 

At the south of the Railway Station a memorial ardi wastlirown 
over the railroad, and under this the funeral train passed north- 
ward, while every elevated point along the tracks was occupied by 
our saddened citizens, who stood with niicovercd heads and tearful 
eyes as the funeral train moved slowly by. 

Among the town items of that eventful year the searcher finds 
that the street-cars stopped running on North Broadway, "totlic no 
small inconvenience of their many pali<ins." \Vc mayadcl that the 
horse-car i-oad of that dav was soon thereafter lotallv eliminated 



AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAR. 77 

and forgotten. To show how rural we were in those days, the fol- 
lowing piece of village news will be not altogether uninteresting : 

The park fronting the Getty House has been fitted up in good style, and now 
presents quite an attractive appearance. Along the west side of it a strong rail 
has been erected for the convenience of those who wish to hitch their horses thereto. 

It is also related that an officer of the Sixth Artillery brought to 
Yonkers two of the blackest contrabands Yonkers people had ever 
laid eyes upon. They were slave boys of Major Eobinson, and 
were respectively of the age of ten and twelve years. It is said that 
one found a home with Frederick Newman, the village upholsterer, 
and that the other was taken care of by Thomas Radford, of South 
Broadway, the brother of Hon. William Radford, who, as our 
representative in Congress, was one of the immortal seven who 
voted for Emancipation in opposition to their party. 

It is not a pleasant thing to record, but it is nevertheless true, 
that but little public homage was paid to the heroes of the war 
when they returned to iheir homes in Yonkers. A local reporter 
noticed this, and recorded, for future generations to read, that "in 
every place but Yonkers, to our shame be it said, the soldiers of 
the Sixth Artillery are handsomely received and entertained." It 
is certainly an unpleasant record, for the Sixth Artillery was pecu- 
liarly a Yonkers organization. 

That the veterans held together for a while is evidenced by the 
fact that upon Thanksgiving Day of that year the Yonkers soldiers 
organized a target company, commanded by Colonel E. Y. Morris, 
and had for once a harmless shooting-party. 

But for all the public neglect, each veteran was a hero among his 
many friends. Some returned minus a leg or arm, but many more 

10 



78 YOXKEUS IS THE HEBELLIOX. 

in shattered health, aud within a very short period after their return 
quite a number had passed silently away to their long rest from 
strife and turmoil. 

But to pass on to other subjects. For many years now the clink 
of coin had not been heard in the town. Paper had been exclusively 
used as current money. When, therefore, we read the followiui,' 
item in a local paper we are made more fully acquainted with the 
war phase of the currency : 

While iu a ear of the Yonkers and New-York Railroad, a few days ago, we saw 
a passenger hand the conductor a fifty-cent silver piece. We also learn that several 

.silver half aud quarter dollars were taken at the Fenian picnic. 

Times were not any too easy that year, and the rate of taxation 
seemed high to all. "Everything, in short, is taxed, except the 
air we breathe, and that will jirobably be taxed by the cholera, 
next spring." 

Ill that year the Hudson River Railroad still ran to Thirtieth 
street, and there were but ten trains each way daily which .stuppetl 
at Yonkers. It is hard to believe, but it is stated, that thei-e were 
but two mails daily from Yonkers to New- York, and only one mail 
north. Delays were tVeijuent and often tedious, both as to passen- 
gers and mails. 

The soldier who returned to his home after foin- years in the 
field was apt to find urgent necessity for going to work at once to 
earn a living for himself and family. No easy task just then, with 
the labor-market irlutted. and jn-i.'es of liviii;,' lii.Lrh. When the war 
broke out he <'oiild buy a iioiind of tirst-elass butter for L':; cents; 
now tile same quality was (10 cents. Di.l he Imy cotton cloth, tiieii 
it did not exceed U cents; now he must pay IVA ceiit.s. Flour, that 



AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAR. 79 

in 1860 was $8 a barrel, now sold for $20. Wheat was now $1.30 
per bushel, and corn 57 cents. When he went away tea cost 50 
cents a pound; when he got home it had risen to three times that 
price. Pork at 12 cents of old, now, alas! worth 30 cents per 
pound. Beans were 6 cents and rice 5 cents a pound; now he 
found the former at double their old price ,and the cost of the latter 
nearly trebled. Had he worked as a day-laborer or farm-hand, 
then he earned a dollar a day ; now he was worth only half a dollar 
more, while all he needed was doubled, trebled, and oftentimes 
quadrupled. But the brave man only worked the hai'der, and 
fought out the bread-and-butter question as he had those questions 
at stake in the war. In time he had conquered and solved both. 

And so another period had passed. Many questions had solved 
themselves, and many more had been settled by our brave and de- 
termined citizens. The day was fast approaching when Yonkers 
was to lay aside its youthful appearance, to drop its village and 
rural attire, and assume the airs of a city. 

Many of the leadMg men and women of the town and village 
who were alive and active in public life and charities at the out- 
break of the war, had been called away at a time when their voices 
and assistance were sadly needed. Much of the work of recon- 
struction fell upon the younger men of that day, and upon the new 
men who were moving into the growing village. Such helpful 
men as Ethan Flagg, Judge William W. Scrugham, James C. Bell, 
Robert P. Getty, Justus Lawrence, Thomas C. Coimell, and Anson 
Baldwin were still with us, and coached and applauded the young- 
sters who had their shoulders to the wheel. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN HOWARD HITCHING. 

A True Christian Hero — His Bravery, Military Skill, and 
Services as a Commander— The Fatal Shot at Cedar 
Creek — His Untimely Death at Dobbs Ferry. 

To see him is to respect him, but to know him is to love him. 

From a letter of a soldier in Colonel Kitching^s commatid. 

ONE of the Grand Army Posts of Yonkers has honored itself by 
choosing for its name Kitching Post. The life of General J. 
Howard Kitching was very brief, if measured by months and 
years. He was born in the city of New-York, July 16, 1838, and 
died in Dobbs Ferry, New- York, January 10, 1865. His life's battle 
was finished before he was twenty-seven years old, but he lived 
long enough to do for God and native land a valiant service which 
strikingly illustrates the poet's lines : 

We live in deeds, not years— in thoughts, not breaths ; 
In feelings, not in figures on a dial. 
We should count time by heart-throbs. He most lives 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best. 



84 YoxKKiis IX nil-: ueuellion. 

' Memorials of sucli hi-voii- lives as his serve to remind us tliat on 
the part of tens of thousands of Union officers and soldiers there 
was a deep patriotic devotion, and often sacrifices much larger 
than those of officers whose names are household words throughout 
the length and breadth of the laud. 

General Kitchiug's father was John P>. Kitciiing. His mother's 
maiden name was Maria Bradner Hunt. Their home, at the 
beginning of the Civil War, was at Dobbs Ferry. The record of 
the noble character and services of their warrior sou eloquently 
testifies of the rare training they gave liini. The perpetuity and 
prosperity of the Republic depend upon American homes such as 
theirs. He was taught from infancy to love God and his country. 

Riding, boating, painting, and music wei'e among Howard Kitch- 
iug's favorite pursuits. He sang well, with that deep, clear voice 
which rang so musically on the battle-field, and he was a skilful 
cornet-i>layer. AVliile heartily enjojnng the reereatit)ns of young 
manhood, lie did not forget that '"life is real, life is earnest." He 
heeded the solemn words, " 1 appeal unto you, young men, because 
ye are strong," and before his nineteenth birthday he knelt at the 
chancel of his beloved church and partook of his first communion. 
Thereafter he loved intensely two l)anners — his country's flag and 
the snow-white baiiiKT of tlic cross. 

Fre(|U('iitly a siiectator of the cadets' drill at West Point, he 
cherished u desire to become a soldier, but in deference to his 
gentle mother, who did not wish him to enter upon military life, 
he turned his attention to a business career. When he was twenty- 
two years of age, lie married Miss Harriet l\i|iley. Tlie ceremony 
took place in ('hi-ist"s ("hurch, Brooklyn, where he liad attemU^d 
Sundav-Seh..ol when a hov. Wliei, Fort Suinlertell, Howard Kiteh- 



BBEVET BBIGADIEB- GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 85 

ing, although not yet twenty-three years old, went down to New- 
York and enlisted with the Lincoln Cavalry as a soldier of the 
Union. Circumstances pi-evented his going to the front with 
the Cavalry, but he soon received a Captain's commission in the 
Second New- York Artillery. The Major of that Regiment was 
Alexander Doull, a young Englishman, who had served with great 
distinction in the Crimea. Doull was "a true soldier, a young man 
of real genius, and his friendship was of great value to the new 
recruit." 

Elm Park, Staten Island, was the recruiting and drilling camp 
of the Regiment. On the 7th of November, 1861, they started for 
Washington. Those who were present saw the youthful Captain 
mounted on the spirited gray horse which carried him through the 
whole war. He had a word of cheer for the wives and sisters of the 
members of his Company. A spectator wrote : 

We remember one old gray-headed mau, pressing his way through the crowd, 
and, with tears in his eyes, begging the young oificer to be kind to his boy. The 
Captain put his hand on tL^ old man's shoulder, and promised him that he would 
look after his son. 

From forts and camp-gi-ounds, from battle-fields, trenches, and 
rifle-pits, Howard Kitching wrote a series of letters to his father, 
mother, sister, and wife, which breathed deep affection, lofty 
patriotism, and noble Christian faith. More than fourscore of 
those letters have been published in a volume from which a large 
portion of this chapter has been comj)iled. They unbosom a pure 
heart and reveal a noble soul ; occasionally they glow with the light 
of delicate humor, and frequently burn with a Christian zeal which 
fills the reader with admiring wonder. 



H6 YOXKEKS I\ THE UKUKLLIOS. 

His Regiment did garrison duty for a time at Forts Ward and 
Ellsworth. A letter from Fort Ellsworth, November, 1861, reveals 
the impression made upon Cai)tain Kitching l)y a great re\iew of the 
army by McClellan. "I saw the most magnificent sight which I ever 
witnessed — seventy tliousaml men, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, 
spread over an immense jjlain, their bright bayonets glistening in 
the sun, their bands playing splendidly, cannon roaring from one 
side of the plain to the other, and, in fact, words will not describe 
the splendid appearance which so large an army makes when drawn 
up in line of battle." 

Garrison life w^as too quiet for Captain Kitcliiiig. He was so 
eager to witness an engagement that on one occasion, when there 
was a prospect of a battle, he rode out from the fort, joined one of 
the batteries, and reiuaiii('<l on tlic field till about four o'clock in 
the morning, waiting for the enemy to appear. At that early period 
in the war he was spoken of as " one of the very best officers of the 
whole army," but his youthful appearance was not in his favor 
among strangers. He was not twenty-four years of age when he 
wrote: "I am working very hard at my books, as I find that mili- 
tary men expect me to make ui> witli Ijiaius for absence of whiskers." 
When he was called into court as a witness the luiiversal opinion 
of the members of the court was that he was "an extraordinarily 
young-looking man for a Captain, but that he appeared much older 
after he began to speak." 

Howard Kitching's friends, when, during the last yi-ars of the 
war, he came home for a few days, observed a great change in him. 
" He was the same l)right spirit as ever, and the old sunny smile 
still passed at times over his handsome face. Hut he had grown 
older, and his look was more often than before irrave and iiuiet. and 



BREVET BBIGADIER-GENEBAL J. HOWARD KITGHING. 87 

a sense of deep responsibility evidently weighed upon him." He 
desired to be a competent officer, and, with his knowledge of me- 
chanics, he became familiar with the management of guns, and by 
diligent study acquainted himself with fortifications. 

As soon as it was rumored that the army was about to advance 
toward Eichmond, he volunteei-ed to go to the front. General 
Upton (then a Captain in the Regular Army) wrote : "Anxious to 
participate in the fii'st campaign of the Army of the Potomac, Cap- 
tain Kitching came to my battery and sought permission to join it. 
So anxious was he, in fact, that he not only waived his rank to serve 
under me, but he went still farther, and took command of a section 
as the junior Second Lieutenant of the battery. Foregoing every 
consideration due to his rank, and ignoring the pleasures and com- 
forts of garrison life, he sought service in the field against the 
enemies of his country — an act not only indicative of his ardent 
pati'iotism, but one which will forever reflect credit and honor upon 
his character as an officer and a soldier." 

In 1862 General Mc^Olellan moved his army to the Lower Chesa- 
peake. "Over one hundi'ed thousand men were transported by 
water and set down on a new theater of operations almost one 
hundred miles distant." Howard Kitching was now Adjutant of 
an Artillery Brigade. His battery was sent up the Yoi'k River, 
and disembarked at West Point. An army of ten thousand men 
and horses was to be transported across the river. Just before 
daybreak all the artillery was landed, with a loss of only one horse 
out of five hundred. Adjutant Kitching wrote : " My boating ex- 
perience, as well as my knowledge of horses, was, I hope, of some 
service that night. If you could have seen me standing at the 
tiller, steering a huge raft, with one hundred and eighty horses on 



88 yoxkehs in the bebelliox. 

board, jumping and kicking aud trying their best to get overboard, 
whilst all the soldiers, worn out with hard work, were sleeping on 
all sides, you would have wondered what kind of a craft I had got 
into." 

A large force of Confederates, commanded l»y Generals Lee and 
Smith, attacked the Union troops of General Franklin's command, 
determined to push them back into the river. Adjutant Kitching 
was with the resei-ved batteries. He wrote: "The Thirty-First 
and Thirty-Second New-York aud one Pennsylvania Regiment had 
hardly entered the woods when the firing became very heavy and 
almost incessant, the Rebels yelling and cheering like fiends, as they 
drove our men back by mere force of numbers. Every few mo- 
ments some poor fellow was carried past us either dead or horribly 
wounded. We never fired a shot until our men began to appeal-, 
retreating from the edge of the woods, when we loaded with shell, 
and just as soon as the enemy made their appearance we let them 
have it, one gun at a time, slowly and deliberately. They stood 
their ground for a long time, but our solid shot and shell were too 
hot for tlicn), and at last they began to retire, when our lirave 
infantry again puslied into the woods and drove tlieni aliout two 
miles before the night came on. It was a glorious victory, t'oi' our 
force was small, they outnumbering us two to one. (Jeneral New- 
ton has stated that our guns saved the day. Gideon's God was with 
us. . . . I believe that this army cannot be beaten now. Tlicy 
stand lii-e like veterans, and apparently the more terrilily llicy 
suffer, the more fiercely they fight." 

Howard Kitching's love of art made liiiii <iiiick to observi' tiie 
l)ictures([ue features of a cainp. \Vli(ii Ik' was ncai- Fair Oaks 
Station, lie wrote: 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITGHING. 89 

Yesterday I went forward to where our outside pickets are stationed, and was 
surprised to find that the "seceshers" were posted so near that we could almost 
speak to them, and quite a pretty pictui-e they made too, in their bandit uniforms 
and broad-brimmed hats and plumes. They wear clothes made of a kind of gray 
homespun, and instead of tight-fitting coats like those of our soldiers, they wear a 
loose blouse, which, being confined at the waist, reminds one very strongly of the 
old pictures of Eobin Hood's men, as they dodge in and out behind the trees. 

The young officer's admiration for the soldiers of the Union was 
very great. He wrote: "It is splendid to witness the perfect con- 
fidence of our troops in their ability to whip any force which 
may be brought against them. Even the regiments which were 
so dreadfully cut up in the late battles are waiting with the 
greatest eagerness to have an opportunity of avenging their 
fallen comrades." 

His pen sometimes seemed to have the magic of an artist's brash, 
so strikingly did he describe the scenes he witnessed. " The Eebels 
have been firing at what they probably think are the headquarters 
of our Generals. You ought just to hear and see some of the newly 
invented projectiles whirring and whistling through the air. They 
sound exactly like a locomotive and train of cars going overhead." 

In June, 1862, General McClellan decided upon a change of base 
to James River. His famous retreat of seven days is a part of 
history. It was conducted with great military ability, but necessi- 
tated on the part of his troops "fighting all day and marching all 
night, pushing their way through dense woods and tangled under- 
growth, and across sluggish streams." Oh, the horrors of that re- 
treat! The troops first made a stand at Gaines's Mill. General 
Upton wrote: 

We entered the battle about 4 p. m., at once engaging the enemy's artillery, and 
remained till nearly dark, under a heavy fire of shell and case-shot. The right and 



90 YOXKEHS I^' THE REBELLIOX. 

center sections of the battery were somewhat covered, but the left, commanded by 
Captain Kitching, was exposed to the full view of the enemy, and received much 
more than its proportion of fire. During tlie entire battle he served his guns with 
great coolness, and was a brilliant example to the men. He received in the breast 
a painful contusion fi-om the fragment of a shell, but did not quit his post. 

Bayonet and shot and shell were not the only missiles the patriot 
soldiers faced. The poisoned arrows of disease prostrated hundreds 
of thousands. When the army reached Harper's Landing, Captain 
Kitcliing was seriously ill from constant exposure, unceasing ex- 
eitenieut, and sleepless nights passed in the saddle. He resigned 
his position in the army, and repaired to his home. 

The family went with him to Oscawana, that beautiful sheet of 
water lying among the hills that look down upon West Point. He 
soon recruited his strength, and with restored health he desired 
to again be with those who were fighting for their country. In 
vain his friends contended that he had done as much for the cause 
as could reasonably ])e demanded of him, and that there were 
crowds of young men at tli<- North, wlio liail neither wife nor child, 
who had done nothing for their country, and who ought now to go 
to the front where they were wanted. But he felt that he was now 
more needed than ever. There was a general feeling of discourage- 
ment throughout the North, and he argued that his services were 
peculiarly demanded. He felt that he was fitted, as only the ex- 
perience through which he had passed could fit him, to connuand 
troops in the fearful struggle tliat ev.Tv tliou-^'litt'ul jx-rsnn knew 
was impending, before the end could be attaine(l. lie had been on 
a visit to New-York, an<l startled liis friends on bis return witli the 
announcement that he was going back to tlie field again. Colonel 
William H. Morris, of the One Hundred and Thirty-P''ifth Infantry, 
liad invited liinj to iro with him as acting Lieutenant-Colonel. 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 91 

The Regiment left New- York ou September 5, 1863, and on 
reaching Baltimore was quartered in Fort McHenry. Soon after 
it was changed into the Sixth Regiment of New- York Artillery. 
When Colonel Morris was promoted, Captain Kitching was ap- 
pointed Colonel. The men were delighted. Captain Donaldson, a 
brave young officer, wrote : 

I can even now, in fancy, hear the gentle rebuke that fell from his lips because 
we had allowed the men to turn out in such a storm to do him honor. Little, 
though, did the brave fellows heed the rain, so long as he, their honored com- 
mander, was with them. 

In August, 1863, he commanded the largest brigade in the army. 
It was a responsible position for an officer only twenty-five years 
old. In the absence of General Tyler, Colonel Kitching commanded 
the whole artillery reserve, consisting of 30 batteries, 2 regiments 
of infantry, and about 300 ammunition-wagons. During the holi- 
days of 1863, he was home on leave of absence. He returned in 
January, 1864, and everybody was glad to see him back. 

In March, 1864, Colonel Kitching was acting as Brigadier-Gen- 
eral in command of four thousand men. The next month his troops 
were reviewed by General Grant, and were highly complimented 
upon their perfect drill and splendid marching. He was introduced 
personally to General Grant. His was the First Brigade, Artillery 
Reserve, Army of the Potomac. At this time his staff consisted of 
Captain Effingham Donaldson, Adjutant-General ; Captain William 
G. Ferris, Inspector-General; Lieutenant Smith, United States 
Army, Aide-de-Camp ; Lieutenant Huyfler, Chief Engineer; and 
Lieutenant J. F. Baker, Surgeon. 

On the 5th of May one hundred thousand men were across the 
Rapidan. They were indeed marching through the Wilderness. It 



t)2 YOSKKRH IX THE RKBELLIOS. 

was a region of gloom aud the shadow of death. The troops could 
receive direction only by the point of the compass, for not only 
were the lines of battle entirely hidden from the sight of the com- 
mander, but no ofiScer could see ten files on each side of him. Ar- 
tillery and cavalry were useless in such a country. For twelve days 
fighting was incessant. The Union losses were probably forty 
thousand. In an engagement where the Confederates were defeated 
with great slaughter, the honor of their repulse belonged to Howard 
Kitehiiig's battalions. A soldier of his command wrote : 

We are proud of oiir commander — the little Colonel. I wisii you could see him 
once. To see liim is to respect him, but to know him is to love him. He is just my 
idea of a soldier and gentleman. While the shells are flying over us, and the bullets 
whizzing past us, he is walking leisurely up and down the line, and if any of the 
boys should dodge, he will say, with a smile, " No ducking — stand up ! " His 
demeanor and e.xample in battle have made heroes of the meanest cowai-ds. 

In May, 18(54, lie was guaivling tlu' Fredcrickslmrg road, and, 
about four o'clock in the afternoon, he was attacked by Ewell's entire 
Corps. By seven o'clock Colonel Kitching was commanding seven 
thousand men. He wrote: "I had the pleasure of leading one 
battalion into the fight. My Christian men have done particularly 
well." His own escape from injury was marvelous. As his troops 
were mostly new, he thought it necessary to expose himself more 
than otherwise would have been necessary ; and yet, while every 
one of his licld-officers was either wounded or IukI liis horso killc-d, 
Coloui'l Kitching received only a slight scratdi. A sliarp-sliootcr 
sueceedeil in breaking the skin of iiis neck, but did not seriously 
liurt him. When tlio sharp-shooter was captured, lie said: "1 lircd 
seven times at tiiat little Colonel, iiiid I would di.' liappy if 1 .-ould 
lliive iiit liim." 



BBEVET BRIGADIER-GENEBAL J. HOWABB KITCHING. 93 

Ou the evening of May 31, 1864, Colonel Kitchiug wrote home 
from the rifle-pits which the day before cost him nearly two thou- 
sand lives to hold. He desci'ibed a tierce engagement, and referred 
with gratitude to the valor of Major Frederic Shonnard. He says: 

The enemy broke tlirougla Colonel Hardin's line, and came upon the head of my 
column. I had no time to form line of battle. Two of my staff-ofacers fell at 
the first fire. Major Crookston and Captain Palmer, just behind me, also fell ; 
Crookston's horse was killed, and Palmer shot through the ankle. This terrible 
fire right into the head of the column broke the men, many of whom had fallen, 
and in less time than I can tell you my Brigade, excepting one battalion which I 
managed through the heroic exertions of Major Jones and Major Shonnard to keep 
together, was saUing across the plain. My officers are magnificent, and, at the first 
fence where any protection could be had fi'om the murderous fire, they rallied the 
Sixth Artillery, and I made a stand for about thirty minutes against the brigades 
of the enemy. They came on in two lines of battle, waving their battle-flags, and 
led bravely enough by their ofiicers; but our rail-fence, of which we had made as 
good a breastwoi'k as we could, did us good service, and we did give them .Jessie ! 
I was forced to fall back, having no reenforcements. . . . We fell back to our sup- 
ports, and got two batteries into position, and then had it hot and heavy till night 
put an end to it. ... I went over the battle-field after the fight. We found one 
Brigadier-General, one Colonel, two Lieutenant-Colonels, besides about three hun- 
dred men, lying in front of «iy command alone. We also took about eighty prison- 
ers. Would that the leaders of this terrible Rebellion could see the certain downfall 
of their wicked efforts, and stop now, rather than sacrifice the lives that must 
be lost before the end of the campaign! . . . Whenever we meet the enemy in 
the open country, or he attacks us, we whip him. I notice one thing which encour- 
ages me greatly —that the Rebel attacks upon our lines are becoming weaker and 
weaker; the prisoners that we take all appear to be glad to get into our lines, 
and say that " the jig is up." ... I am sitting amongst my men in rear of my rifle- 
pits, and the stars over me. . . . My pickets are constantly popping at the enemy, 
and vice versa. My clothes are ragged and dirty ; I am tanned like a darky, and, 
altogether, look pi-etty seedy; but I beheve that my superior ofiicers and my 
command have fuU confidence in me, which is a source of great comfort. 

On June 3, 1864, he wrote from the lifle-pits near Cold Harbor. 
They had been won from the enemy by Colonel Kitching's Brigade 



94 YOXKERS IN THE REBELLION. 

after five hoiars' hard fighting ! lu the last of the series of conflicts 
fought so desperately from the Wilderness to the Chickahominy, 
Howard Kitehing passed unscathed through withering fires of 
shot and shell. In these conflicts Grant's loss consisted of more 
than sixty thousand men. The army was then transferred, by a 
flank movement, to the south side of the James River. 

In a letter dated July 18, Colonel Kitehing says: "Major 8hou- 
nard leaves for home this morning. Oh, how I envy him, and how 
di;lighted his mother will be to get him safe home ! He has done 
his ilut y as a soldier in a fcai-l(>ss manner, and carries with him the 
respect of all his brother officers." 

Colonel Kitehing was ordered with his cominaiHl to Wasiiington 
in August, 1864, to take command of the defenses of that city. 
He had the oversight of thirteen forts with their garrisons, extend- 
ing eight miles. In one of his letters he expresses his gi'atitude for 
the relief from anxiety this new position gave him: "It seems so 
strange to be able to lie down at night in quiet, without the danger 
of being blown to pieces by a mortar-shell." 

On October 2, 1864, he received his very honorable discharge 
from the service of tlie United States, upon an api)lication of his 
own, on the giuunil of uioi-e than three years' service. He was 
influenced in making this ai)plication by the conviction tliat his 
wife and child ought to be deprived of his presence no longer, lb- 
had made all his arrangements to leave Washington, but when he 
went to the War Department the Secretary of War revoked the 
order, and assigned Colonel Kitehing witli liis command to (leiieral 
Sheridan. 

Sheridan's army, fhishc(l witli repeated victories, lay (|uietly but 
strongly posted ..n tlic l.ank of ( '.'dar ( 'reek. Slieridan liiniself was 



BEEVET BBIGADIER- GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 95 

absent. All the world knows how, mounted upon his black charger, 
Sheridan sped to the battle-field when rumors of the defeat of his 
troops were borne to him ; but all the world does not know what 
heroic efforts were made by his brave officers to rally the surprised 
forces, before their commander reached them. Howard Kitehing's 
biographer has put on record the daring and skUl of the youthful 
Colonel that day. At early dawn on the morning of the 19th of Octo- 
ber, 1864, the light, struggling through a dense fog, was so dim that 
friend could scarcely be distinguished from foe. The Rebels, sud- 
denly sweeping in overwhelming numbers through the sleeping 
camp of the Union army, startled the troops from their slumbers 
The surprise was complete. Colonel Kitchiug had barely time to 
buckle on his sword, seize his pistols, and mount his horse. Hav- 
ing only one battalion of his own Regiment, he succeeded, after 
an almost hopeless effort, in rallying his men, and held an impor- 
tant road several hours, until nine out of eleven of his officers were 
either killed or wounded. 

One Color-Sergeanv after another was shot down, and his troops 
were giving way before a wild onslaught, when Major Jones, who 
was greatly beloved by the Regiment, fell, mortally wounded. Colo- 
nel Kitching spurred forward and called out, " Stop, men ; you will 
not let Jones be made a prisoner ! " They rallied to a man, and stood 
their ground until their Major was safely carried to the rear. Af- 
terward Colonel Kitchiug told, with tears in his eyes, how many 
brave young fellows lost their lives in the rescue of an officer they 
loved so well. 

Just here it was that a young Color-Sergeant was carried by, his 
life-blood ebbing fast away. With a sad but radiant face he looked 
up and said, " Colonel, I did the best I could ! " 

12 



96 YOXKEK.S IX THE REliEI.LIOK. 

Colonel Kitching theu reported in person to Major-General 
Wright, commanding the army, asking to be assigned to some 
command where he could be of most ser\ace. The order he re- 
ceived was that he should " rally the troops wherever he should find 
them," so as to delay the advance of the enemy until a position 
could be found wh<if they could make a stand. 

With all the (l;!--!! ami energy of his eharactei', he adtkessed him- 
self to the difficult duty. He spurred among the disordered soldier}', 
and his clear, musical voice rang out over the wild scene as he 
called them to "fall in." They soon began to rally around him 
and contend for every foot of ground. But the enemy was in 
overwhelming numbers, and the command was driven as far as 
the Creek, which they found blockaded by the baggage-trains. 

Colonel Kitching succeeded, by his unwearied efforts, in securing 
the passage of the wagons. Once across the stream, the panic- 
struck stragglers began to rush to the rear. Again his voice was 
heard above the din and confusion, the roar of musketry and the 
mingled shouts of battle. In the midst of this wild tumult, while 
facing the enemy, a niiiiic-ball <'i'aslic(l tlu'ougli his foot. Wearied 
and wounded, he still sat on his horse, ami gave his orders, though 
now in subdued tones. He was again and again urged to leave the 
field, but refused until the army had taken a position where they 
might repel any attack of the enemj'. It was at this moment that 
General Sheridan rode up to the front, and gave new life to the 
troops by the magnetism of his presence. 

Satisfied that all was riglit now. Colonel Kitching directed Cap- 
tain Donaldson to accomi>any liini in search of a Surgeon to dross 
his wound. Becoming fainter and fainter from loss of blood and 
suffering, lie was yet conipelK'd to i-ide neaily t'oui- miles to tlie 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 97 

rear before he could obtain assistance. They found an Assistant 
Sui'geon belonging to one of the cavahy regiments, and he dressed 
the wound, but discovered it to be so serious that he advised the 
wounded officer to be carried in an ambulance to where he could 
obtain further medical treatment without delay. 

The ambulances came rumbling by in rapid succession, but were 
all filled with wounded men, and Colonel Kitching was unwilling to 
have any poor fellow disturbed to make room for him. A stretcher 
was then made of a piece of shelter-tent and 2>ine poles, and with 
the help of some stragglers he was cari'ied several weary miles. 
But this mode of transportation proved very painful, and as the Col- 
onel was becoming weaker and weaker, an ambulance, containing a 
poor soldier mortally wounded, was stopped, and he was placed 
beside him, and so they reached Winchester. Suffering as he was, 
he did not allow himself to be driven to the headquarters of Gen- 
eral Edwards until he had seen his wounded comrade safely and 
comfortably cared for in the hospital. 

While waiting an t5;amination of his wound in this dreary place 
— a bare room, crowded to suffocation with wounded and dying 
officers — the news was received of Sheridan's brilliant attack and 
the total rout of the enemy. Colonel Kitching looked up from his 
couch of suffering, and exclaimed : " If this be true, I should be 
willing to lose another leg." The ball was safely extracted, but the 
Surgeon advised that he should be removed away from these sad 
scenes, and where he could feel the sunshine of loving faces, and 
be nursed by loving hands. 

On Thursday, October 20, a despatch from General Sheridan 
flashed through the country, carrying joy to loyal hearts, but carry- 
ing to Howard Kitching's home anxiety mingled with joy. " We 



98 YOXKEK.S IX THE REBELLION. 

have again been favored by a great victory — a victory won from 
disaster — by the gallantry of our officers and men. ... I have to 
regi-et the loss of many valuable officers killed and wounded; among 
them Colonel Joseph Thorbura, killed; Colonel J. Howard Kitchiug, 
wounded ; Colonel E. G. McKenzie, wounded severely, but would 
not leave the field." A few hours later came a telegi*am from 
Howard Kitching himself, who evidently desired to save his 
beloved family from all the anxiety he could. 

His father and several other friends went immediately to Balti- 
more, and in the early morning set out for home. The President 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad had most kindly prepared an 
entire car for the use of the family — having the seats removed, 
and eveiy possible arrangement made which could add in any way 
to their comfort, personally superintending everything, that there 
might be no confusion or delay. 

While the friends stood around the stretcher at the I'ailroad 
station trying to shield Colonel Kitching from the cold wind, an 
Irishwoman with a baby in her ai'ms looked over his sister's 
shoulder. Seeing the still rosy cheeks and bright curls, she wijied 
away her tears with the corner of her apron, am\ said, "Och, an' 
it 's dreadful ! such a lovely young man as that !" and then whis- 
pered, "Has he a mother f Och, an' it 's the pity for her, jjoor thing!" 

All day long there were whispered questions, and words of sym- 
pathy — fruits and little delicacies offered. A fellow-traveler would 
come beside him with a cheery, hopeful word — some allusion to 
the glorious victory of tlic day before; then a "(iod Idess you, 
f'oloncl ! Vou arc sutVcring iu a glorious cause." At a late hour 
Hatunlay night they reached the Metropolitan Hotel, New-York, 
where his mother, witli iiallid face, was awaiting his arrival. That 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 99 

evening the Surgeons, in consultation, decided that amputation 
was necessary to save his life. He talked with the Surgeons in his 
usual calm and courteous way, and the operation was performed. 
After resting awhile, he was taken to the Gretty House, Yonkers. 
Before recording his last words, we will quote a few sentences 
from his letters written from camp and battle-field — letters which 
unbosom his Christian faith. At the very beginning of his life as 
a soldier, before he left home for the front, he repaired to Peekskill 
to have his little boy baptized, and there, after his favorite Psalm 
(the ninety-first) was read, he and his friends knelt in a parting 
pi'ayer. The extracts from his letters need no comment. 

This morning I took about two hundred and fifty of the men down to the 
camp of the Fourth Rhode Island to attend service, as we have no Chaplain ; and 
although it was very cold standing in the cold winds, I enjoyed the service very 
much. 

In a brief note written to his wife late at night at the close of a 
weary day, he says : 

Love our gracious Saviour, darling. Try to be with Him more every day, and 
you will find that He is indeed our Elder Brother and the Friend above all others. 



In April, 1862, he wrote to his wife : 

God bless you, my precious one ! I would so love to kiss you good-night as of 
old, and kneel down side by side as we did that sorrowful Sunday night, and pray 
to the same loving Jesus. We can do this, my darling, although separated. Do 
not forget to go to Jesus at twilight every day, and I will be with you there, even 
if in saddle, marching in the dust or on the battle-field. 

In the same month he wrote to his mother : 

Darhng mama, I do so long for a dear quiet Sunday at home once more. The only 
difference here between Sunday and any other day must be in a man's own heart. 
... I know that my precious mother will be delighted to hear that Jesus' 



100 YOXKEliS IX THE liEBELLION. 

presence is almost always realized by me now. Sometimes, it is true, dark clouds 
seem to come between Him and my soul, but at such times I have only to go to Him 
and tell Him everything and He at once dispels the darkness and gives me perfect 
confidence and trust. 



In another letter to his wife he says : 

I have just come from a poor Lieutenant who is mortally wounded. I have 
been telling liim of Jesus, but, poor fellow, he is almost gone, and is hardly able 
even to think. God in his mercy and grace have mercv on his soul. 



On one occasion, when wi-iting home, he refers to a little book 
his mother gave him, and the comfort he found in it. He says: 
"In this volume is one little hymn which runs in my head all the 
time: 

" Here in the body pent, 

Absent from Him I roam. 
Yet nightly pitcli mj' mo\Tng tent 
A day's march nearer home." 

In his pocket-memoi'andum the following entry was found: 

Ix LINE OF BATTLE, just going into action, 

Sunday, July 12, 1863. 

My Darling : If anything should happen to me, good-by ; God bless my darlings 
both. Don't forget your Ho\vy ; but above all, don't forget the Lord Jesus. 

There is pay due me from May 1st to the date of my death; ask papa to get it. 

Bid all my dear ones good-by. God bless you, my own little comfort ; you have 
been God's choicest blessing to me, next to my redemption by the blood of his dear 
Son. 

Bring Howy up to love me, darling I 1 have uotliing to leave you liut my blessing. 
My trunk is at Harper's Ferry. Your own, Hdward. 

Colonel Kitehing eagerly cooporatrd with the Army Cliaiilain.s, 
and was accustomed to attend jirayer-meetings and revival ser- 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 101 

vices. At one time, while the soldiers were waiting for the order 
for them to enter where the shadow of death was falling, they 
held a midnight prayer-meeting, and Colonel Kitching was greatly 
moved by the earnest, simple prayers of the men. His soldiers 
knew him to be a Christian; and when Sergeant Hart, a noble 
Christian, was wounded, and in the very thick of the fight was 
carried past his beloved commander, looking up with a bright 
smile, he exclaimed, " Colonel, I shall have the honor of being in 
heaven before you." When Howard Kitching was lying on a bed 
of suffering, he narrated this incident with tears in his eyes. 

The marks in his pocket hymn-book show that he found solace 
in his soldier life in the lines : 



Lead, Saviour, lead ! amid the encircling gloom 

Lead thou me on. 
The night is dark, and I am far from home ; 

Lead thou me on. 
Keep thou my feet ; I do not ask to see 
The distant scene — one step enough for me. 



After he had been wounded, he seemed one day greatly distressed, 
and grasping his sister's hand, with a look of intense anxiety said, 
" Darling, if I die this morning, do you think I can be saved ? " 

After a moment's silent prayer she said, " Why, Howy ! I have 
no more doubt of it than that you and I are here now." 

" Oh, that is because you don't know ; you don't know anything 
about what a sinner I have been. You think I have been good, but 
I have not. ... I will tell you, and then you will know. That 
morning at Cedar Creek, when the Rebels rushed through my 
camp, it was awful ; we could hardly tell friend from foe. I had 



102 YOXKERS IX THE KKIiKLUOX. 

only a few of my own men — all of those mixed regiments — they 
did n't know me, and I could not manage them like my own Bri- 
gade. I ti-ied every way to rally them. We were making a des- 
perate stand, when some teamsters and other fellows came rushing 
across the field, enough to make a panic, and an oath escaped me." 

His friend Captain Donaldson had come in and sat down beside 
him. " Donny," said he, " did you ever hear me swear before ? " 

" Never, Colonel." 

"It was dreadful. I don't know how 1 eould have duiic it — it 
must have been Satan — but I was so excited." And again came 
the eager whisper, " Do you really think Jesus can forgive that ? " 

His sister quoted, " The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth from all 
sin," and other passages of Scripture; and as she stooped to kiss 
him, a quiet look of peace came over his face. " Well, then, I'll 
trust Him." 

It was on the 1st of Dooeniber that he was rcniovfd to tlie Getty 
ilciusf, Vonkers. His physicians IiojhmI tliat entire change of scene, 
witli tlie fresh air of the country, and the (•diiifort of having his 
wife and little children about liiiii. would euiible him to rally and 
Ijreak up the fever that seemed wasting away his life. One day he 
suddenly exclaimed, in a tone of real distress, "O Louise, both 
hands and both feet ! " 

Thinking he must be siillering intensely, she said, " Why. darling, 
are you so much worse ! I thought you were asleep." 

" Oh, no," he said, his eyes filled with tears. "Jesus — how cuultl 
he endure it ? Both hands and both feet ! and all for us, too!" 

Then he told her how often he had thought that the pain in his 
laci rated foot must have been the same kind of pain that Jesus 
sulTered: how his own siitVei'lnt:. even witli all tlie alleviations of 



BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. HOWARD KITCHING. 103 

their loving care, liad made tiini think more and more of the dread 
mystery of that death upon the cross. 

Colonel Kitching began to improve and gain strength rapidly. 
Many a family gathering was had around his wheel-chair. About 
this time one of his Orderlies, from the Sixth Artillery, arrived in 
charge of the Colonel's horses. Most amusing were the interviews 
between the two: the little Irishman's humorous repUes to num- 
berless questions about all that had transpired since the Colonel's 
absence, with occasional sly suggestions from "Pete," the Southern 
darky, who generally sat as a shadow just behind him. Many a 
cheery message was sent back to the Regiment, telling them that 
as soon as he could mount his horse he would be with them to 
lead them in the assault on Petersburg. 

On Thursday, December 22, the cold was intense, but Colonel 
Kitching was so eager to be home again that he went in a cutter to 
Dobbs Ferry. On Christmas they were very happy throughout the 
day, but the pain which commenced that evening increased in 
severity, and it was soon evident that he had taken cold. The in- 
flammation of the wound continued to increase to such a degree 
that another surgical operation was necessffry. When the prepara- 
tions were completed, he said, "Wait a moment, Doctor." Then 
drawing his sister close down to him, he whispered : 

"If I should not live through this, dearie, you know whom I 
have trusted. Be sure to bring the children to Jesus and to me." 

Then repeating the farewell messages she had so often before 
received, he drew her closer for a lingering kiss. Chloroform was 
administered, and the operation performed. A shadow passed over 
his face, then a calm, bright smile — Howard Kitching was "with 
the Lord." 



104 YONKEKS IK THE HEBELLIOX. 

He sleeps in Greenwood Cemetery, underneath "a low green tent 
whose curtain never outward swings." 

A whiter soul, a fairer iruiid, 
A life with purer coarse and aim, 
A gentler eye, a voice more kind. 
We may not look on earth to find. 
Thf! love that lingers o'er his name 
Is more than fame. 

Ilis widow and daughter, Edith Howard, reside in New-York 
City ; hi.s son, John Howard, died two years ago at Bona, Algeria, 
where he was Vice-Consul. His mother and sister, Mrs. Theodore 
Irving, are living in Tarrytown. His father died July 19, 1887. A 
brother and three sisters have all passed to the spirit-land. 



^ 



CHAPTER IX. 

SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 

Colonel Fisher A. Baker and His Battles — Surgeon G. B. 
Balch — Jeremiah Burns and the White House — The First 
Yonkers Hero Who Died for the Union — Captain Matt. 
H. Ellis and His Campaigns — Hand-to-Hand Encounter 
of Captain William L. Heermance with Captain B. M. 
Medina — The Hero and His Crutch— General Thomas 
EwiNG AT Pilot Knob — Adjutant James Millward and the 
Washington CLi_v Battalion — Major James V. Lawrence 
and Mosby's Band — Thomas Oliver's Lost Medal— Abra- 
ham J. Palmer and "The Die-No-Mores" — Ralph E. Prime's 
Services and Promotions — Where William Riley Lost 
His Arm — Major Frederic Shonnard's Honorable Career 
— Captain James Stewart, Jr., Rescues Generals Hooker 
AND Williams from an Embarrassing Situation. 

FRANCIS HIGGINSON ATKINS, at one time a scliolav in 
District School No. 2, and afterward a graduate of the Law- 
rence Scientific School, Harvard University, was tutoring at Har- 
vard at the outbreak of the war, hut gave up his situation to enlist 

105 



106 YOXKEUS IX THE HE BELLI OX. 

as a private in the Forty-Fi)nrtli ]^■f;illH'llt ]\Iassachusetts Vol- 
unteers. 

After a campaign in North Carolina, being much in need of rest, 
he passed the summer of 1862 at home, on South Broadway, Yon- 
kers. Entering the service as a medical cadet, he became Acting 
Assistant Surgeon in the United States Navy, and was -s^ith Far- 
ragut's squadron in the Gulf. He has continued in the service 
since the war, and has been stationed in the Soutlnvest. He is a 
brother of T. A. Atkins. 



Fisher A. Baker became a resident of Yonkers in 1875. He 
was a law clerk in New-York City when the war liroke out. He 
went home and enlisted as a private in the Eighteenth Begiment 
Massachusetts Volunteers, in April, 1861; he was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant in that Regiment, July 26, 1861 ; promoted First 
Lieutenant October 29, 1861; appointed Adjutaiil Fdiniary 1, 
1862; and commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel -luly '_'!•, 1S64. Uis 
Regiment was in the Fifth Corps of the Army of the Potomac, 
and he was with his Regiment every tiint- it went out of camp 
during the term of his service. 

He took part in the operations in front of AVashington in the fall 
of 1861, in the siege of Yorktown, in the Peninsula Campaign, and 
was ill tlir tullowiiin- liattles: Second Bull Run, Antietam, Shep- 
pardtdwn, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettyslmrg, Bristoo 
Station, Rappahannock Station, Mine Run. Wildniicss, Lauicl 
Hill, Spottsylvaiiia, North Anna, Bctliesda Cliureh, Toi-opotomy, 
Cold llailinr, and I'ltcisliurir. !!•■ was mustered out at the expu'a- 
tion of his term of service, Septenil)er 2, lS(i4. 



SOME FEBSUNAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 107 

Galusha Buechaed Balch, M. D., at the breaking oiit of the 
War of the Rebellion, was engaged in the practice of his profession 
at North Lawi-ence, N. Y. He offered his services in the fall of 
1861, and was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the Ninety-Eighth 
New- York Infantry Volunteers. The Eegiment was assigned to 
the Army of the Potomac, and in the following spring went to the 
Peninsula under General MeClellan. Upon the occupation of York- 
town, Va., by the Union Army, he was detached from his Regi- 
ment, and assigned to dutj^ in the General Hospital at that place. 
Soon after he was given chai'ge of the steamer State of Maine, 
which was used in transporting sick and wounded to Baltimore. 
This service was so efficiently performed that Dr. J. Simpson, 
Medical Director of the Middle Department, reported upon it in 
the following langiiage: "The condition in which the State of 
Maine arrived was highly creditable to Dr. Batch. The sick 
were well cared for, and the sanitary condition of the vessel 
was in a much better state than the others that have lately 
arrived." 

Dr. Balch returned to his Regiment early in August, and re- 
mained with it about two months, when he was compelled to leave 
the service on account of sickness caused by excessive labor and 
exposure. 

In December, 1863, he again tendered his services, and was com- 
missioned Assistant Surgeon of the Second Veteran Cavalry, New- 
York Volunteers, and went with that Regiment to the Department 
of the Gulf. During the Red River Campaign he was Surgeon in 
charge of his Regiment, and was in the field with it in all of the 
battles. During the summer, autumn, and winter following he was 
with the Regiment in its numerous raids and skirmishes, and was 



108 YOXKERS IN THE REHELUOX. 

exposed to the deadly miasma of the Louisiana swamps, and to the 
uuci\alized warfare of ambuscading bushwhackers. 

Ill the spring of 1865 he was in the Mobile Campaign, and was 
with the Regiment on the 12th day of April, when it made its last 
fight and charge at Whistler's Station, Alabama. He was mustered 
out of the service with his Regiment in the following November, 
having been in over forty engagements during his term of service. 
His commanding officer had occasion to say of him : " He was a 
brave and efficient officer." For many years Dr. Balch has prac- 
tised medicine iu Yonkers. 

John Bashford hastened to Washington when Rebellion was 
threatened, aud arrived there just in time to do good service iu the 
Washington Clay Battalion, under command of Major Cassius M. 
Clay. After the National Capital was deemed secure, Mr. Bashford 
returned to New- York, where he enlisted in tiie United States Navy, 
and was assigned to the Ironsides. For a year he served his coun- 
try Ijravely, when he was honorably discharged. 

William C. Blackett was born in the city of New- York. In Feb- 
ruary, 1862, being less than nineteen years of age, he enlisted as a 
private in Company H, One Hundred and Second Regiment New- 
York State Infantry Volunteers. His service was severe and try- 
ing. He was first in the battle of Dranesville, Virginia, in March, 
1862, and then in the 1)attles of Cedar Mountain, in Pope's Cam- 
paign in ^'i^«iillia, and in the battles ..f Aiitiftnin. Winclu'ster, 
Fairfax Station, ("haiicellorsville, and ( icttyslturg. 

In October, 1863, his Regiment was transtVrrod t.. tiic Army of 
the Cmiil)erlaiid, aud was in Ww battles of W.-mliatrlii.., Cliatta- 



SOME PERSONAL RECOBBS OF THE WAR. 109 

nooga, Lookout Mouutaiu, Missionary Ridge, and Ringgold Gap. 
In 1864 he was in the Atlanta Campaign, and fought in the battles 
of Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Pine Mountain, Gulp's Farm, 
Peaehtree Creek, and Atlanta. He marched with General Sherman 
from Atlanta to the sea. In 1865 he was in the campaign through 
the Carolinas, and in the battles of Edisto River, Bentonville, and 
Raleigh. He was in continuous service for three years and six 
mouths. 

He died in Yonkers, December 4, 1891, and his body was interred 
in St. John's Cemetery, on Sunday evening, December 6, when, by 
the glimmer of candle-light, his former comrades of Fremont Post 
impressively performed the military burial service. 

James Bkaziee is a native of Scotland. He served as a corporal 
in Company B, One Hundred and Fiftieth Regiment New- York 
State Infantry Volunteers, from August, 1862, until June, 1865. 

At the battle of Gettysburg he was shot in the neck during the 
fight of the third day. After General Meade's victory, which drove 
the Rebels out of Pennsylvania, he was ti'ausferred to the West, 
and was in the several battles of the Atlanta Campaign, from May 
to September, 1864. 

Corporal Brazier had the honor of marching from Atlanta to 
the sea in the grand army led by General William T. Sherman. 
In the early part of 1865 he participated in the campaigns through 
South Carolina and North Cai'olina. He was mustered out of ser- 
vice in Washington, after the great review. 

Jeremiah Burns was one of the most loyal and energetic citizens 
of Yonkers. A New Hampshire man, he was chosen, together with 



11(( YOXKKES IX THE REBKLIAOX. 

Commodore Farragut, to represent his uative State during the war 
on the Committee of New England States organized for the general 
welfare of the soldier. He was a warm friend of President Lincoln 
and Secretary Stanton, and had a "pass" from them to admit him 
anywhere within the Union lines. 

He visited General McClellan's army when the swamps of the 
Chickahominy and the warm, muddy water of the Pamunkey were 
doing more to reduce the Union forces than General Lee and his 
whole command. The entire region presented a scene of desolation, 
with the exception of the White House and its surroundings, being 
the residence of the Confederate General Fitzhugh Leo. By what 
was regarded as mistaken clemency or sentiment on the part of 
General McClellan, that was guarded, and Union soldiers were re- 
fused the shelter of the buildings and trees, and even a drink from 
its bountiful spring of cool water. 

Finding this unjust condition of affairs, Mr. Burns hastened to 
Washington, reported the facts to President Lincoln and Secretary 
of War Stanton, and speedily retui'ned with an order to convert the 
White House into a LTnion hospital, and to use the premises for the 
comfort and welfare of the Union soldiers. The guards were re- 
moved, the place was at once prepared for the sick and wounded, 
and the refreshing water of the spring Itecame the comnion ])roperty 
of all. 

Srxin aftei-, however, Stonewall Jackson advanced upon the place. 
The Wliite House was committed to the flames, bridges were de- 
stroyed, and the Union army was coin])elle(l to move. The aban- 
doimient of this post by General McClellan, the destruction of mil- 
lions in the shape of provisions and ordnance, and the hazardous 
change of front of the Army (.f the Potomac, in face of tl netnv. 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. IH 

gave rise to many severe criticisms on the conduct of that portion 
of his campaign against Richmond. But the motive and action of 
Mr. Burns elicited wide commendation. He often visited the sol- 
diers, and always to cheer and aid them. 

Henry A. Chadeayne, with several companions, enlisted in the 
Ninth Infantry Regiment of New -York Militia, in response to 
President Lincoln's call for 75,000 men to preserve the Union. He 
was in the battle of Bull Run and in the Shenandoah Campaigns. 
At the time of the battle of Antietam some anxiety was felt by his 
friends in Yonkei's as to his safety, which was soon relieved by a 
letter, from which the following is an extract : 

Another terrible battle has been fought, and once more I have come out all right, 
although at one time it seemed as if it would be impossible for one of us to escape alive . 
The night previous to the battle our Brigade lay in a wood in front of the enemy. 
At daylight we marched toward them in line of battle. We were on the extreme 
left, to prevent a flank movement. We marched so quietly that they had not time 
to throw out skirmishers before we were on them. They were behind a mound of 
earth, while we were drawu up as if for a dress-parade. We suffered severely, 
owing to this position. Had we taken the same advantage as they did, we could 
have done as much execution, and without so much loss. They had a battery directly 
in our front throwing grape and canister, but owing to the elevation of their guns 
they fired over us, but did great execution among the ranks of the Brigade in our 
rear, so that when our ammunition was expended, they had not suflcient men left 
to relieve us. 

I had two narrow escapes. At the first of the fight a ball struck my bayonet, 
while sheathed, directly on my hip, and split it in two, the pieces entering my clothes 
without scratching my skin. I picked the pieces out, and have them now. A few 
moments after, a man in front of me was shot in the breast, and while taking him 
to the rear, I had to pass thi-ough a perfect hail-storm of shot and shell. 1 had just 
left him when I saw a cannon-shot bouncing along the ground toward me. It 
skipped three or four times, and then struck my blanket and haversack. It keeled 
me over and gave me a severe jar withoiit hurting me. In fact, it came so slow I 
could have caught it in my hands. 



1 1 1> YONKEliS IX THE KEBELLION. 

This battle they say was the hardest of the war, and I tell you the field presented 
the most horrible sight you ever looked upon. I hope I may never see another like 
it. We had six hundred men killed in our Brigade — General HartsulFs. 

Some time after this battle Mr. Chadeayne was transferred to the 
Sixth New -York Artillery, Colonel Kitehing. On the couclusion 
of his term of service he returned to "Westchester County, and 
engaged in the hardware business at Katonah. AVjout ISTil ho 
removed to Battle Creek, Michigan, where he remained until tlic 
beginning of the summer of 1891, when he removed to New Dtluth, 
Minnesota. 

A. Alonzo Ceaw was the first Yonkers hero to give his life 
for the Union. When President Lincoln issued his proclamation 
calling for men to sustain the laws, Mr. Craw, then in his twenty- 
second year, responded with patriotic ardor. With a number of his 
friends he enlisted for the war in the Ninth Infantry Regiment of 
Ncw-Vork Militia. On hastening to tli.' front, tlu- Keginieiit was 
placed under (iencnil Patterson. 

After the battle of Bull Kuii, the coininand was stationed at 
Harper's Ferry, with a greatly reduced force. The lines being weak, 
the men were compelled to do double duty, which soon affected 
the health of many who were unaccustomed to the rigorous disci- 
pline of army life. The camp was poorly supplied with shelter, 
wliili' the hospital was l)ut crudely organized, and almost dcsti- 
tutf of necessary su[)]>li('s. Sickness, fever, and death thinned 
tiie ranks alarmingly. Young Craw was an enthusiastic soldier, 
was much exposed, and, like his conirados, was inditTcrontly suji- 
plied with suitable clothing. \\y ln'caiin' inilis].osc<i, but i.rrsisti'.l 
in tilt' (liscliargc of liis dutv until forced to snrrcn.l.T to the I'aiv 



SOME PERSONAL BECOIWS OF THE WAR. 113 

of a Surgeou. He was removed to a hotel at Sandy Hook, Mary- 
laud, where all possible attention was given him, but his disease 
assumed a typhoid form, and on Sunday, midnight, August 4, 1861, 
his brave spirit took its departure from earth. His comrade, Henry 
A. Chadeayne, was with him when he died, and accompanied the 
remains to Yonkers. 

Hope Hook and Ladder Company No. 1, of which Mr. Craw was 
a member, paid him the following tribute: "We recognize in his 
death the loss of one of our most worthy and efficient firemen, one 
of our best citizens and Christian neighbors. His gallant conduct 
in being among the first to volunteer in defence of his country's 
honor commanded our highest admiration, and embalms his mem- 
ory in the heart of every patriot and good citizen." 

He was a teacher in the Sunday-School of the Fii'st Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and was engaged to be married to an estimable 
young lady of the congregation. He was honored by a public 
funeral, which was very largely attended. The following pall-bearers 
accompanied the remains to Greene County, where they were com- 
mitted to the earth, "dust to dust": James Stewart, Noah B. 
Hoyt, A. C. Mott, Joseph L. Proseus, Henry B. Archer, Eichard 
L. Thompson, George Hoyt, and Charles W. Starr. 

Matt. H. Ellis served in the war with the One Hundred and 
Seventy-Fifth New- York Regiment of Infantry, which was mustered 
into service in September, 1862, and mustered out November 27, 1865. 
He entei'ed the Regiment at its formation as a private, was com- 
missioned Captain December 19, to rank from November 19, 1862. 
He was breveted Major for gallant conduct in the capture of Port 
Hudson, June 14, 1863. 



114 YONKKRS IN rilK liEBKLLION. 

Ill the Library of National Records it is said that "he honorably 
and bravely acquitted himself in the Ijattles which occurred during 
the march of Gen(>ral Banks from Brasliear City to Opelousas, 
Louisiana." 

Soon after the war Captain Ellis removed to Yonkers, where he 
has served as Captain of the Fourth Seijarate Company, as Judge 
of the City Court, Trustee of the Board of Education, and in other 
iiiipoi'tant capacities. 

Thomas Ewing was born at Lancaster, Ohio, August 7, 1829. 
He is a son of Thomas Ewing, formerly United States Senator from 
Ohio, and Secretary of the Treasury under President William H. 
Harrison, and of the Interior under President Zachary Taylor. Mr, 
Ewing graduated at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, 
and at the Cincinnati Law School. He mamed a daughter of Rev. 
William Cox, of Pi(pia, Ohio, in 1856, and removed to Leavenworth, 
Kansas, wlicre he iiracticcil law successfully and bore a prominent 
and efficient part iu the great Free State struggle. For one year 
General Shemian was his law partner there. 

He was chosen Chief Justice of the first Supreme Court of Kan- 
sas, resigning that office and entering the Union Army in lS(;i2. 
He was promoted to be Brigadier in 1863, for gallant conduct at 
the battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas ; and Brevet Major-General, 
for the battle of Pilot Knob, Missouri, where he commanded the 
Union forces against General Sterling Price, September 27 and 28, 
1864. 

He returned to Ohio in 1871, and represented the Capitol District 
in Congress from 1877 to 1881, and was the Democratic candidate 
for Governor in 1H7!I. He declincil a I't'iiomiiiation to Congress and 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 115 

removed to New- York City in 1882, where he has since practised 
law, living in Yonkers. 

John Foksyth, in the fall of 1862, enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany F of the One Hundred and Thirty-Fifth Regiment, New- York 
State Infantry, which was afterward changed to the Sixth Regi- 
ment, New-York State Artillery. He was in all the engagements 
with that Regiment down to the battle of Spottsylvania Court- 
House, Virginia, May 12, 1864, in which he was so badly wounded 
that he was conveyed to the Lincoln Hospital in Washington, where 
he was under treatment for seven months. He then recovered so 
as to be able to join his Regiment, was appointed Commissary 
Sergeant, and served in that capacity until July 8, 1865, when he 
was honorably mustered out of the United States service, at Poca- 
hontas, Virginia. 

Returning to Yonkers, he entered the employ of S. Francis Quick 
as a carpenter, with whom he has continued to the present time, 
with the exception of brief intermissions when he has been engaged 
in building houses for himself or in travel. 

John Gkevert, a native of Germany, enlisted February, 1862, in 
Company I of the Ninety-Fifth Regiment, New- York State Infantiy 
Volunteers. He was in the Army of the Potomac during his Regi- 
ment's entii'e service, and with it in over forty engagements. His 
term of service covered three and one half years. 

William L. Heeemance was born in Kinderhook, New-York, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1837. He was engaged in mercantile business in New-York 
City. When Fort Sumter was fired upon he raised a Company of two 
hundred men among friends and their acquaintances, which, at its 



116 YONKEKS IS THE HEUELL10S. 

own expense, secured arms and hii-ed a hall in which to drill. Mr. 
Heermanee was elected Captain, but not feeling competent to take 
the Company into active service, he declined the honor, and enlisted 
as a private in Company H, Ninth New- York State Militia. In May, 
1861, this Regiment was sworn into the service for tlir mu; as the 
Eighty-Third New- York Volunteers — the only Regiment so mus- 
tered in up to that time. 

After serving through the summer of 1861 in Maryland and the 
Shenandoah Valley, at the close of the Patterson Campaign he was 
commissioned as First Lieutenant in the Sixth New- York Cavalry. 
Til the fall of 1862 he was commissioned as Captain, and served 
witli that Regiment until November, 1864, when he was mustered 
out, having, a short time before, been shot in the head, and inca- 
pacitated for active service. 

On April 30, 1863, after takitig the advance of the right wing of 
the army on the way to Chancellorsville, the Regiment proceeded 
to Spottsylvania Court-House, where they were sunouuilcMl ])y 
General Fitzhugh Lee's Brigade of Confederate Cavah-y, and urde-rcd 
to surrender. The command was given to V)reak by fours from the 
right, and cut their way through by saber. Captain Heermance's 
squadron, being on the right, was the first to strike the enemy. His 
right cut nearly severed the nose from the face of a Captain of the 
Fifth Virginia Cavalry. At the same moment another Confederate 
officer placed a pistol against Captain Heermance's left side as he 
wheeled to resist the attack, fired, and disabled his bridle-arm, the 
ball entering his stomach. He was knocked from his horse, left 
uiM.ii thi- field, and r.']».rtod drad. lie .■s.-a]..',! with his life. Iiow- 
cv.T. I. lit was captun'tl and taUm t.. Lil.l.y I'risoii. It is an int.'r- 
esting fact that, twenty-seven years aftei' the war, Coli>nel Ueor- 



SOME PERSONAL BECOBDS OF THE WAB. 117 

mance should discover that the mau whose nose he had nearly 
severed from the face in this desperate hand-to-hand fight was Cap- 
tain Benjamin M. Medina, and that both were residents of Yonkers. 
They are both now loyal to the old flag, and often in a friendly way 
talk over the dangers through which they passed. 

Captain Heermance was exchanged in time to join his Regiment 
on the march to Gettysburg. As part of Buford's Cavalry, they 
opened the fight of that decisive battle, holding Cemetery Eidge 
until the Infantry came up. A few days later he was shot through 
the right breast while charging the enemy, protected by breastworks, 
at Boousboro, Maryland. 

On May 11, 1864, while with General Sheridan in his famous 
raid around Richmond, he charged with his command down 
Brook's Pike, captured the first line of the defenses of Richmond, 
and commanded the first Union troops to enter them. During the 
summer of 1864, as Senior Captain, he commanded the Regiment, 
was breveted Major and Lieutenant-Colonel, but could not receive 
full rank, as the positions were filled by ofiicers who were absent 
or on detached service. 

On September 15, 186i, General Thomas C. Devin, commanding 
his Brigade, thus wrote to Captain Heermance: "During a contin- 
uous and arduous service of nearly three years under my com- 
mand, during which you have been three times desperately 
wounded, I have always found you a brave and most efiicient 
ofiicer. You handled your Regiment splendidly as Senior Captain, 
and I most cordially recommend His Excellency Governor Sey- 
mour to commission you for a Colonelcy in a Cavalry Regiment, 
. . . knoAving, as I well do, that you are fully up to all the require- 
ments." 



118 YOXKEIiS IX THE REBELLIOS. 

This recommeudation was indorsed by General W. W. Merritt, 
commanding the Division, in the following words: "I cordially 
concur in the within recommendation of General Devin. While I 
have been in command of the Division, Captain Heermance has 
been prominent as one of the best officers in the entire command, 
and during my service with him last year he was more than once 
selected from all the rest to conduct important expeditions." 

In his three years' service with the Sixth New- York Cavalry, 
Colonel Heermance was in over sixty engagements, including two 
raids around Richmond, and all the principal battles in which the 
Army of the Potomac took part. He has been an honored and 
useful citizen of Yonkers for twenty-six years. 



Ansox B. Hoyt is beliovi'd to have liccii tlic only man iiiustcrt'd 
iiitd till' Union Army wlio was comiicllfil t<> use a cruti'h. < hi De- 
cember 1, 1803, Governor Horatio Seymour commissioned him as 
Chaplain of the One Hundred and Seventy-Fourth Regiment of New- 
York Volunteers, then stationed at Franklyn, Louisiana, forming 
part of the Nineteenth Army Corps, Department of the Gulf. Feb- 
ruary 17, 1864, his Regiment was consolidated with the One Hun- 
dred and Sixty-Second New- York Volunteers, Colonel Lewis Bene- 
dict, and Cliaplain Hoyt served with that Regiment until April 1, 
1864, about which time he was sent home sick. During his service, 
lame as he was, he managed to mount and dismount his horse as 
readily as his comrades. 

.Mr. Hoyt has been the Chaplain of Lafayette Post No. 1 40, ( liand 
Army of the K'eimhiic, t'oi- the last seven years. 



SOME PERSONAL BECOBDS OF THE WAR. IIJ) 

Alexander 0. Kirkwood enlisted as a private iu Compauy A 
of the Forty-Seventh Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry Volun- 
teers, Colonel Lucius B. Marsh, on September 8, 1862. The Regi- 
ment was encamped on Long Island until late iu December, when 
it was ordered on the screw-steamer Mississippi to go South under 
sealed orders. It was so cold in camp that a soldier had frozen to 
death the night before embarking; three days afterward they were 
in the Grulf Stream, where heavy clothing was a burden. 

On December 26, at dawn of day, appeared a steamship rapidly 
approaching the Mississippi. At nine o'clock a gun boomed over 
the water. All steam was put on by the engineer of the trans- 
port, but to no purpose — the strange ship steadily came nearer. A 
shotted gun was fired as a signal to " heave to." Then another. 
All on board concluded that they were captured by the Alabama. 
A long row of black muzzles appeared on each side of the stranger, 
ready for action. The armament of the Mississippi was a single 
gun. To the surprise of all on board, as the pursuing ship came 
near, the Star Spangled Banner was run to the masthead, and it 
proved to be a Union cruiser. 

It was a joyful revelation. A cheer from a thousand throats 
rent the air. Two hundred sailors manned the rigging. The band 
struck up "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," and hundreds of 
voices united in the patriotic song. The customary questions were 
asked and answered, colors were dipped in mutual salute, and the 
vessels parted. 

The sealed orders revealed the fact that the Regiment was bound 
to New Orleans to form part of the army under General N. P. Banks. 
It was kept on duty around New Orleans until the expiration of 
enlistment. More than twenty-five years afterward, the circum- 

15 



120 YOXKEIiS IN THE REBELLIOS. 

stances of the naval chase were detailed at a Grand Army canij)- 
fire in Yonkers, when the interesting fact came out that Captain 
Matt. H. Ellis was also on board of the Mississippi at the time of 
the scare. 

James V. Lamtience, when the political movements ending in 
the Civil War were agitating the countiy, was on the high seas as 
a sailor before the mast, where he had been ordered to check the 
inroads of consumption on an already impaired constitution. On 
returning to the United States, in the spring of 1861, from a voyage 
around Cape Horn, he at once, in April of that year, although not 
yet eighteen years of age, enlisted as a private in the Second New- 
York Heavy Artillery, then forming. 

For various meritorious services he was rapidly promoted tiiruugh 
all the subordinate gi-ades of non-commissioned officers, and in 
August, 1861, was made a Second Lieutenant, then First Lieuten- 
ant, and Adjutant of his Regiment, which position he retained 
until the latter part of 1863, when he was transferred to the War 
Department as Commissaiy of Subsistence with the rank of Cap- 
tain. He was honorably mustered out of service, by special order 
of the War Department, in the latter part of 1865, having previously 
been breveted a Major for gallant and meritorious services. 

At the second battle of Bull Run he was, by the exigencies of 
the situation, forced to assume command of his Regiment, and 
succeedetl in extricating it from a i)erilous surprise at a com- 
paratively small loss. Althougli licing wounded, he personally saved 
the Regimental colors by taking thi'tn from the disabled Color- 
Sergeant, i)lacing them across his saddle, and thus carrying them 
from the field. 



SOME PERSONAL RECOSBS OF THE WAR. 121 

A memorable episode of his military career was the price set 
upon his head by Mosby's command for the capture of two of the 
members of that band of infamous marauders. 

At the close of the war he was for seven years in the civil ser- 
\dce of the United States, and in 1868 was sent as United States 
Mail Agent and Special Commissioner to Bi'azil to settle the basis 
of a postal treaty with that country. On his return, at the re- 
quest of Senator Sumner, he reported for the Senate Committee 
on Foreign Affairs on the advisability of ratifying the proposed 
treaty of purchase and annexation of the Danish West Indies. 

He also, on the part of the United States, met and settled with 
Mr. Anthony Trollope, for the British Government, the basis of the 
postal treaty of that year with England, and, in conjunction with 
Mr. Geo. F. Seward, then United States Consul-Geuei-al at Shanghai, 
established the United States mail service with Japan and China. 
Other postal treaties made by the United States with other countries 
from 1868 to 1872 were outlined by him. 

In 1872 he resigned from the pubhc service, and, after declining 
an offer to enter the Japanese postal service, then organizing, re- 
tui'ned, after an absence of many years, to engage in business in 
his paternal home, Yonkers. 

John Halstead La^\iience enlisted on March 5, 1864, when in the 
fortieth year of his age, for three years of service in the Sixth New- 
York Heavy Artillery, Colonel Kitching, which was then at Brandy 
Station, Virginia. He was assigned to Company E. 

After a year of service in this Eegiment, he volunteered, with 
others, to join Light Battery M, First United States Aitillery, Cap- 
tain Langdon. The transfer brought Private Lawrence into the 



122 YOSKEKH IN TlIK REBELLION. 

regular service, l)ut only as a volunteer. After tlic sui-render of 
Lee, he was i-eturned to his former Regiment, and made Corporal. 
He received his discharge on August 24, 1865. 

Private Lawrence was engaged in the battle of the Wilderness, 
at Spottsylvania, at Petersburg, and at Cedar Creek. After the sur- 
reudei- of Loe, on Apiil 9, 1865, he was retained on guard duty at 
Petersburg and vicinity until discharged. At the engagement in 
what is known as the Slaughter Pen, the Sixth Regiment was sup- 
porting a battery. The men were compelled to lie in the mud for 
hours, inactive, and many of them were killed. Mi-. Lawrence re- 
lates that a man lying near him was asleep and snoring in the midst 
of the terrific noise of battle, and while in that condition received a 
bullet through the head. 

Mr. Lawrence was in good health throughout his service. The 
only injury he received was by the kick of a mule. This was at 
the battle of the Wilderness. It became necessary to advance an 
ammunition-train, and part of his Company was detailed to hurry 
its progress. A halt was forced, and during the wait a number of 
mules passed. A winter of idleness and good feed had made these 
animals unusually frisky — although, two weeks later, a mule that 
could be induced to kick was a curiosity. One of these animals, 
when alongside of Mr. Lawrence, wheeled around and kicked. The 
soldier was holding his musket at right-shoulder shift. One heel 
struck his hand, and the other the stock of the \ve;i|.nii. 'i'lie mus- 
ket was whirled into the air, and the man was knocked under the 
wagon. At that instant the wagon-train moved. Quick as thought, 
the soldier on the opposite side of the wagon caught hold of the 
]>louse of the stunned and jnostrate man, and pulled him from un- 
der, just as a rear wheel was almut 1o jniss over his body. 



SOME PEBSONAL BECOBDS OF THE WAS. 123 

Mr. Lawrence's hand was disabled for several days. The soar 
and disfigurement were permanent. He has been a resident of Yon- 
kers for forty years. 

Robert B. Light enlisted in Company D of the One Hundred 
and Twenty-Eighth Eegiment, New -York State Infantry Volun- 
teers, in August, 1862, and served as First Sergeant. The Regiment 
was sent to the Department of the Gulf in the following Decem- 
ber. He was at the siege of Port Hudson in the summer of 1863, 
and in the Red River Campaign in 1864. 

In June of that year his Regiment returned with the Nineteenth 
Army Corps to the Shenandoah Valley, and he was with it in sev- 
eral battles, among them Opequon, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek. 
In this latter battle he received a gunshot wound in the left fore- 
arm. He was mustered out of service at the end of May, 1865. 

James Millwaed, the present Mayor of Yonkers, was in Wash- 
ington in 1861, when the Rebellion began, and he united with 
three hundred others in organizing the Washington Clay Battalion, 
of which Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky, was elected Major, and Mr. 
Millward was elected Adjutant. The object of the Battalion was 
to aid in protecting the National Capital and its treasures from the 
traitors who thronged the city. 

Soon after he was selected by Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, 
as bearer of Grovernment dispatches to the North. Baltimore was 
then under Rebel conti-ol. He was furnished with a special locomo- 
tive to convey him to Annapolis Junction, from which point he 
was to reach Annapolis as best he ct)uld. On the way he was 
frequently stopped by Maryland sympathizers with secession. But 



124 YOSKEliS IX THE RKBEIAAOX. 

he managed to reach Annapolis just as General Benjamin F. 
Butler and his force arrived in that city. Adjutant Millward was 
furnished with transportation to Perry\ille, and thence to Phila- 
delphia, where he delivered dispatches to General Patterson, and 
hastened on to New -York with dispatches for General John A. Dix 
and the Union Defence Committee. 

Adjutant Millward at once enlisted with tlic Xinety-Xiiith Regi- 
ment of New -York Volunteers, and went direct to Fortress Monroe, 
where he was appointed Captain of the Port, Harbor Master, and 
Flag-of-Truee Officer. He witnessed the destruction of the United 
States men-of-war by the Rebel ironclad Merrimae, and the dis- 
comfiture of that formidable vessel by the Monitor, and sent the 
first official report of the conflict to Washington. When Norfolk 
was captured he piloted the steamer that conveyed President Lin- 
coln to that city. Captain Millward rciiiaiiied at Fortress Monroe 
until ISti.'), ami when RicliiiioiHl was captured lie conveyed Presi- 
dent Lincoln uj, tile .lames River to the Rebel .-ai.ital. 



John H. Morkis was appointed Internal Revenue Collector iu 
1863, by President Lincoln, for the Tenth Congressional District, 
comprising Westchester, Putnam and Rockland Counties. Then 
Yonkers had but ten thousand inhabitants, but contributi'd a large 
proportion of the war tax of the district, owing to the manul'actories 
and incomes of residents of the village. 

Mr. Morris paid over $800,000 to the (ioveniment in one year. 
This amount included moneys received for substitutes. .Ml the 
tiimls of his olliee passed through the First National i>ank of 
Yonkers. 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 125 

William H. Nodine, a private in the Ninth Infantry Eegiment 
of the New -York State Militia, under date of Hagerstown, Mary- 
land, September 19, 1862, thus wrote to his father in Yonkers : 

Before this reaches you I suppose you will have heard of another great battle, 
about four miles from Shai-psburg. It was fought on the 16th. There was great 
slaughter on both sides. The battle began at daybreak. We of General Hart- 
suff's Brigade led the advance of the whole Division. We advanced thi-ough a corn- 
field, then to a thick woods, where the Rebels opened fire on us ; but we advanced 
steadily at a quick march, ouv Brigadier-General leading us. We took our position 
by a rail fence, and held it until our Brigade was cut to pieces. My comrades feU 
on both sides of me, but thank God my haversack saved me. A minie-baU passed 
through it, tearing the whole side out. 

I think the Yonkers boys are safe, but I have not seen Henry A. Chadeayne since 
the time I was ordered to take my wounded comrade to the rear. He was shot in 
the neck, and fell against me. While I was assisting him to the rear, he received 
a ball in his thigh, but he is doing well. Our Regiment lost twelve killed and one 
hundred and twenty-five wounded. Many of the wounded have since died. General 
Hartsuff is seriously wounded. The whole Brigade now numbers but half of a full 
Regiment. But thank God we drove the Rebels from their position, and captured 
many pieces of artillery. 

Thomas Oliver, at the age of seventeen, enlisted as a private in 
Company G, Thirty-Seventh Infantry Volunteers, and served with 
that Regiment in the Army of the Potomac, from the spring of 
1861, until it was mustered out June 22, 1863, taking part in 
twenty-two engagements. He returned to New- York, and was in 
the city during the riots, July 13-26, 1863. While viewing the 
ruins of the Colored Orphan Asylum, which had been burned by 
the rioters, he was assaulted by a mob because they noticed that he 
wore the blue pantaloons of a Union soldier. 

The week following he enlisted as a private in Company C of 
the Eighteenth New- York Cavalry, and served with that Regiment 
in the Department of the Gulf, as a bugler, in all of its thirty-four 



126 YONKERS IX THE liEBELUOy. 

engagemeuts. His only wound was received in the engagement at 
Governor Moor's Plantation, near Alexandria, Louisiana, May 5, 
1864, on which day there was continuous fighting from eight o'clock 
in the morning until siindown. He was acting as Orderly on that 
day, and as such was a special target for the enemy, as they appeared 
to be aiming specially at officers. A bullet passed through his horse, 
and struck Orderly Oliver's foot. The horse threw and dragged 
him on the ground. Dr. G. B. Balch, the present Commander of 
John C. Fremont Post of Yonkers, was Brigade Surgeon on the 
field, and dressed the wound. At the time he was thrown. ( )rderly 
Oliver lost a Veteran's badge of his first enlistment. In tin- spring 
of 1890 this badge was turned u\) by a farmer's i)low. A notice of 
the finding appeared in a New- York paper, Mr. Oliver A\Tote to the 
Superintendent of National Cemeteries in Louisiana, sent proof of 
his identity, and the badge was returned. 

After five years' service and fifty-six engagements, he was mustered 
out witli the Eighteenth New-York Cavalry. M.iy :'., 1S(;(;. He is 
now Annnivr of the Fourth Separate Company of Yonkers. 

AuuAHAXi J. Palmer was born in Frenchtown, New Jersey, Jan- 
uary 18, 1847, in the Methodist parsonage, while his father was 
preacher in charge at that place. When the South made war upon 
the Union, he was attending school, and though he was but a little 
over fourteen years of age, on July 30, 18G1, he enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Comj)auy D, Foi-ty-Eighth Regiment New-York State 
Volunteers, Colonel .lames 11. Pci'iy, and was iniistcicil out Sep- 
tember "20, lS(i4. lie ])artieipa1e,| in the engagements at I'ort Royal, 
I'oit K'oyal Feiiy. Dawfuskie Island, Fort Pulaski, Blufton, ( 'oosa- 
walchie. l'.,eotali-o. Morris Island, Fort Wagner, Bennnilaliuiidied, 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 127 

Strawberry Plains, and Petersburg. Much of the time he acted as 
Orderly to the Colonel. 

He was captured at the assault on Fort Wagner, September 18, 
1863, and for nine months suffered the hardships of Confederate 
prisons in Charleston and Columbia, in Libby, Belle Island, and 
Mayo's Prison Hospital, Eichmond, Virginia. 

After the war he prepared for coUege at Pennington Seminary, 
New Jersey, and entered Wesleyan University at Middletown, Con- 
necticut, where he graduated with the highest honors in 1870. He 
■was then admitted to the Newark Conference, and entered upon 
the work of a Methodist minister. In 1876 he was transferred 
to the New-York Conference, and stationed at the Park Avenue 
Chiu'ch, where he subsequently served a second pastorate of three 
years. In 1885 the degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred 
upon him by the Syracuse University and by Allegheny College. 
He was appointed pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal Church 
in Yonkers, in the spring of 1886. The following year he was 
made Presiding Elder of the New- York District, but has continued 
his residence in Yonkers. 

Dr. Palmer is a natural and cultivated orator. Probably his 
most popular effort is his lecture on " The Die-No-Moi"es." This is 
an eloquent tribute to the private soldier. Company D, to which 
Dr. Palmer belonged, was largely composed of young men from 
Christian homes. At their camp-fires they would sing familiar 
hymns. A favorite with them was the hymn with this refrain : 

" We 're going home, we 're going home, 
We 're going home to die no more ! " 

And so Company D came to be known as " The Die-No-Mores." 
In the lecture the heroism and sufferings of the young patriots are 

16 



128 YOXKEIiS IK THE REBELLIOX. 

gi-aphically portrayal. It was twice delivered before Ot'iiei-al 
Grant, who was deeply affected by it; aud after his death, at Mrs. 
Grant's request, it was delivered before a vast concourse on Patriot 
Day at the Silver Lake, Chautauqua, in July, 1890. There has 
been a demand for the lecture from various parts of the country 
every season since its first delivery, and it always stirs an audience 
and arouses a lofty patriotism. Dr. Palmer enjoys the distinction 
of })oiiifj; the youngest enlisted private Union soldier of the war. 

Kali'h E. PiUME was l>orn in Fishkill, Dutchess County, New- 
York, March "JH, 1840. He enlisted in the war for the Union, as pri- 
vate, April 30, 1861, in the Fifth New- York Volunteers, known as the 
Duryea Zouaves. He was promoted to be Sergeant, June 8, 1861 ; 
Second Lieutenant, September 5, 1861; First Lieutenant, July 4, 
1862; Captain, September 30, 1862 — the last two promotions being 
for gallantry in the field. He was subsequently transferred to the 
Sixth New-York Artillery, as Lieutenant-Colonel; and on March 5, 
1863, he was nominated l)y President Lincoln for Brigadier-General. 

On detached service in October and November, 1861, he super- 
intended the construction of a fort at Relay House Junction, Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad, Maryland. He was in the skirmish at 
New Kent Court-House, and also in the campaign on the Eastern 
shore of Virginia and Maryland. 

He was engaged in tlic following liattles: Big Bethel, .Iniic 10, 
1861; Siege of Y'orktown, April, 1S62; Hanover Court-House, May, 
1862; Ashland Bridge, May, 1862 ; Mechanicsville, June 26; Gaines's 
Mill, June 27, wlnr.' a musket-ball passed through his thigh; South 
.Mountain, Sii>1iiiili,i- 14; Antietam, September 17; Blackford's 
Fnnl, September 2(1, lS(i2. 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 129 

When appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sixth New- York Ar- 
tillery, he found that the feelings of the officers were strongly en- 
listed in favor of the former incumbent of the office, and being 
convinced that he could not serve as efficiently, under the peculiar 
circumstances, as his rival, who was endeared by former association 
and acquaintance with the Regiment, he waived his undoubted right, 
and resigned in his favor. In appreciation of this act, Edwin M. 
Stanton, Secretary of War, wrote to Lieutenant-Colonel Prime, 
under date of February 28, 1863 : " Your i-esignatiou was received 
to-day by the Department, and accepted. To mark my approval 
of your coxirse, and estimate of your character and services, your 
name has been placed on the list of Brigadier-Grenerals to be nom- 
inated on Monday." The appointment failed to receive confirma- 
tion through some hitch in the Senate. 

After returning to civil life, Mr. Prime resumed his profession 
of the law in Youkers, where he still remains, enjoying a large and 
lucrative practice. 

William Riley was born in Yonkers, on the 18th of May, 1840. 
On the 9th of October, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company 
G, Fifty-First Regiment of New- York Volunteers. On going to 
the front the Regiment formed part of the Burnside expedition to 
North Carolina. It participated in the battles of Roanoke Island 
and Newbern, both of which resulted in victories for the Union 
Army. He also participated in the battles of second Bull Run and 
Chantilly, Virginia, and in the battles of South Mountain and 
Antietam, Maryland. 

In the charge on the Stone Bridge, during the latter engagement, 
Mr. Riley received a gunshot wound which shattered his left arm, 



130 YONKEBS AY ThJ-: UKhELLlOX. 

rendering amputation necessary near the shoulder. He was hon- 
o7-a])ly discharged from the sei-\nce December 5, 1862. Eeturn- 
ing to Yonkers, he studied law with Ralph E. Prime, and has con- 
tinued to practice in liis nativi' city to the present time. 

James Sheridan enlisted May 19, 1801, as a private in Company 
F, Fifth New-York Infantry Volunteers, in which he served two 
years. In the second battle of Bull Run he was wounded by a baU 
that entered above the right hip and came out just below the breast- 
bone. He lay upon the ground within the enemy's lines for seven 
days without attention. " I 'vc a good mind to put you out of your 
misery," said a heartless Confederate, "Ijy i-unniiig my l)ayonet 
through you." 

At the time of the New-York riots ]Mr. Sheridan had served out 
his first enlistment, and was working for Isaiah Anderson in Yon- 
kers. "John T. Waring and Ethan Flagg came to me," says Mr. 
Slieridan, "and askcl if I would patrol lino- HiH and tli.'(;l.'n at 
night, as they liad not lict-n alilc to find any one to iicrfonn that 
sei'vice. I coni])lied with the recjuest, and was sworn in by Lyman 
Cobb, Jr. The headquarters were in Fan-ington Hall. I had to 
report every night at twelve o'clock and at four in the morning." 

He reenlisted in Company B, Second Connecticut Heavy Artil- 
lery. During his serN-ice he fouglit in sixteen general engagements. 
He was in the first line of skirniisliers at Apjiomattox Court-House 
when Lee .surrendered to CJeneral Grant. 

Frederic Shonnard, in the spring of the year 18G1, at the out- 
break of the Rebellion, was a member of the Hamilton College Law 
School at Clinton, New- York. Having liad tlif a<lvantage of a 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 131 

careful traiuiiig in the cWll of the infantry soldier, company and 
battalion, by a gi'aduate of West Point, he, although not yet of 
age, was at that time one of the few competent drill-masters in that 
neighborhood. Upon the ascertainment of this fact, and of his 
willingness to act as instructor, early in the month of May, between 
two and three hundred spirited young men, students of the college, 
and others resident in the neighborhood, assembled in a large room 
in the basement of the Methodist Church, effected a temporary 
organization, and under his management commenced a vigorous 
course of drill. Many men who have since become famous were 
members of that "awkward squad." Amongst the number were 
the present United States Attorney- General Miller and Colonel 
George H. Starr, of Libby Prison fame, now a resident of Yonkers. 

Mr. Shonnard was active in organizing a Company for the Four- 
teenth Eegiment New- York Infantry of Oneida County, which 
went to the war about the 17th of May, 1861. He was offered the 
Captaincy, but declined the position out of respect for the remon- 
strances of his parents, whose only child he was. A little over a 
year latei", with their consent, he assisted in the organization of the 
One Hundred and Thirty-Fifth Eegiment New- York Infantry in 
Westchester County, — which was afterward changed to the Sixth 
New- York Artillery, — and accepted a commission as First Lieu- 
tenant of Company K. 

He was mustered into the service on September 2, 1862, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Captain, and finally to that of Major, for meri- 
torious services, and was honorably discharged January 28, 1865. 

Mr. Shonnard participated in all of the campaigns with his Regi- 
ment until about the 19th of July, 1864, when he was detailed by 
the Seci-etary of War to a special duty on the staff of the Gov- 



132 YOXKEBS IX THE UEBELLIOX. 

ernor of the State of New-York, connected with the threatened 
raids by the Rebels in Canada on the northern borders of the State. 

In command of his Company, he participated in the engagement 
at Wapping Heights, Vii-ginia, July 26, 1863. As an acting aide on 
the staff of Brigadier-General Robert 0. Tyler, during the brief 
Mine Run Campaign, his Company having been detailed as a train- 
guard, he participated in the two battles near Robertson's Tavern, 
November 28-29, 1863; and in tli.' Mine Run operations, November 
30, 1863. 

During the winter of 1863 and 1864 he was promoted to tlie rank 
of Major, and was ordered home on recruiting service. Having 
secured some five hundred recruits by enlistment and transfer, he 
reported for duty on the battle-field of Spottsylvania. In command 
of his Battalion of four companies he participated in the battle of 
Harris's Farm, on the 19th of May, which was one of the Spottsyl- 
vania series — the Regiment then belonging to the Fifth Army 
Corps. Ill cuiiimaiid of liis Battalion he also took part in the fol- 
lowing cugageuuuits : the forced crossing of the North Anna Ivi vor, 
May 23; second advance. May 24; Jericho Road, near North Anna 
River, May 25; operations in that neighborhood. May 26 and 27; 
Bethesda Church, part of Cold Harbor, May 30; Mechanics\ille 
Pike, June 1 ; Mechanicsville Pike, second position, June 2 ; Mechan- 
icsville Pike, third position or Cold Harbor, June 3 ; Chickahoniiny, 
near Long Bridge, June 13 ; assault on Petersburg, June IS; act ivcl y 
engaged with the enemy before Petersburg on Jnne 19, 20, 21, 22, 
2.3, 24, and 2."); and the siege of Petersburg. 

^lajoi- Slioiiii,ir<l i-cicivi'd no wonn<l wliicli he considerc.l woi'th 
iiMMilion, Km lir nearly (lird ^^\ typhoid U-wv during tin- K'apiijan 
Canipai;,^! in lS(i;;, and Ids horsi's were shot nnd.i' liim on three 



SOME PEE SON AL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 133 

occasions. He is a member of the first class of the Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion, of the Society of the Army of the Potomac, 
of the Grand Army of the Eepublic, and was the first President of 
the Fraternity of the Survivors of the Sixth New- York Ai-tillery. 

Samuel Stevens was born in Somers, Westchester County, New- 
York, November 12, 1836. In July, 1861, he enlisted as a private 
in Company D, First New- York Lincoln Cavalry. He was pro- 
moted successively as Corporal, Sergeant, First Lieutenant, Cap- 
tain, and Brevet Major, and served to the close of the war. 

He was in the battles of Annandale, Fairfax Court-House, Sang- 
stei-'s Station, in the siege of Yorktown, battles of West Point, 
Fair Oaks, Gaines's Mill, Savage's Station, White Oak Swamp, 
Malvern Hill, Five Forks, Winchester, Martinsburg, Fisher's Hill, 
Cedar Creek, Appomattox, &e. In February, 1863, he was taken 
prisoner near Winchester, and conveyed to Libby Prison, but was 
soon paroled at Citj^ Point. 

Captain Stevens states that he led the charge at Sailor's Creek, 
and captured General Ewell and staff. "He presented me," con- 
tinues Captain Stevens, "with his field-glass as a souvenir of the 
occasion. I turned him over to General Custer, one of the bravest 
men that ever lived." 

James Stewakt, Jr., at the age of twenty, responded to the call of 
President Lincoln for 75,000 three-year men to put down the South- 
ern Rebellion, and in Danbury enlisted as a private in Company 
A, Fifth Regiment of the Connecticut Volunteers. He passed 
through all the intermediate grades, and returned with his Com- 
pany as Captain at the close of the war. He was in all the engage- 



i;^4 YONKEHS IN THE HEIIKJ.I.IOX. 

luents ill the Sheiiaudoali Valley under General X. l\ liaiiks, 
iucludiiig the memorable retreat in May, ISH'J; in the battle of 
Cedar Mountain; the second Bull ii'iin ('amiiaiirn; lln- battles of 
Antietani, Fredericksburg, — his first engagement as a commissioned 
officer, — Chancellors\'ille — during which he was slightly wounded 
and taken prisoner, but escaped and joined his Company just pre- 
vious to the fall of General Stonewall Jackson. His next important 
engagement was at Gettysburg. 

In September, 1863, his Regiment was transferred to the Depart- 
ment of the Cumberland, under General Hooker, and took part in 
the battle of Lookout Mountain, the capture of Atlanta, the battles 
of Ringgold, Tunnell Hill, Snake Hill Gap, Resaca, and Dallas. Dur- 
ing this last engagement. Generals Hooker and Williams were 
caught in a very embarrassing position. They sought protection, 
bchiml the cdnicr of a stone wall, from a Rebel force in anilmsh, 
and could not niovi; -without being exposed to their lire. Lieuten- 
ant Stewart, in coniniand of two Companies, went to their relief. 
" Wlicic are the Rebs ?" was asked. General Hooker stood up to 
point out the location of the enemy, when Vjalls whizzed thick and 
fast about his head. He dropped very suddeuty behind the wall, 
and shouted, "Over there!" pointing in the direction of danger. 
Lieutenant St. -wart and his men made ;i dash, the Rebs got out of 
the way, and the two Generals were liaiipily releaseil. 

The next engagement in wiiich Lieutenant Stewart took part 
with his Regiin<;n( was the battle of Pin.' Knoli, whnv h.' saw the 
shell explode that kili-'d the Confederate (ini.nd I'olk. 

Swinging around on Marietta, the next battle was at Kulp's 
Farm. While repulsing a charge in this battle, Lieutenant Stewart 
received a niinie-ltall in thr uppiT jiart of his right thigh, wlii.-h 



SOME PERSONAL RECORDS OF THE WAR. 135 

disabled him. It was thought the wound would prove fatal, and 
he was sent home. Careful nursing and treatment, however, so far 
restored him as to enable him to return to the field, though he still 
carries the minie-ball in his leg as a reminder of the Southern 
Confederacy. He reached G-eneral Thomas's army just in time to 
take a special command in the battle of Nashville. 

The Fifth Connecticut Regiment formed part of Greneral Sher- 
man's army in the march through Georgia, and was on a return 
march from the Atlantic Coast to the interior, when Lieutenant 
Stewart was welcomed back to his Company as Captain. He was in 
the engagement at Averysborough, where he lost his First Lieuten- 
ant, and in the battles of Goldsborough and Raleigh; was present at 
the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston ; marched in the grand 
review in Washington on the restoration of peace, and returned 
with his Regiment to Connecticut. As a brave and valiant soldier 
he was distinguished even in a Regiment noted for brave and val- 
iant qualities. Captain Stewart is a manufacturing hatter, and has 
been a respected public-spirited citizen of Yonkers since 1867. 



William Welsh enlisted for the war in May, 1861, as a private 
in Company A, Ninth New- York State Militia, afterward changed 
to the Eighty-Third New- York State Infantry Volunteers. He 
was assigned to Company D, Sixty-Eighth New- York State Infan- 
try Volunteers, and successively promoted to Second Lieutenant, 
First Lieutenant, and Captain. 

He was in the battles of Harper's Ferry, Winchester, South 
Mountain, second Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Gettysburg, &c. He was twice knocked down by spent shells, 

17 



i;](i YOSKEUS IX THE UEBELLIOK. 

but was never seriously hurt. After nearly fom* years of active 
service he was honorably discharged in December, 1864. 

He went into the dry-goods business in New-York after tlie war, 
where he continued until he came to Yonkers as one of the fii-iu of 
Weller & Welsh. 



David A. Winans enlisted in Company A of the Fourth Regiment, 
New- York State Heavy Artillery Volunteers, Novemliei- 1, 1861, and 
served continuously for four years. He was in all llic engagements 
of his Regiment during that time, and was not absent for a day. 
In February, 1862, his Regiment was detailed to the Army of 
the Potomac, and remained in defence of the capital for altout 
a year. 

In the little at K'eani's Station, Virginia, August 25, 1864, the 
Regiment lo.'^t 'Mo men in killed, wounded, and missing. Cor- 
poral Winans was taken prisoner just as he had finished loading 
his gun, and his piece was fired upon the Union forces. He was 
soon rescued, however, and returned to his Regiment. 

On the 20th of April, 1865, while in pursuit of Lee from Peters- 
burg, his Regiment made a charge upon Rebel works at Suther- 
land's Station. Sergeant Bogan and Corporal Winans rushed over 
the works. The Rebels ran. "Halt! surrender !" was the shout. 
About thirty obeyed. Two Rebel cannon, ready loaded, were tm-ued 
upon the retreating foes and fii-ed. Tliev also ea]>tnred tlie Rebel 
colors. 

At Hatcher's Run, Mrginia, in October, 1864, Corporal Winans 
was wounded in the right shoulder, but not seriously. He was 
mustered out of service Xoveniber 5, 1S65. 



SOME PERSONAL BECOBDS OF THE WAR. 137 

M. X. WiSEWELL conducted a Military School on South Broad- 
way, corner of Hudson Street, Yonkers, and afterward at Perth 
Ambo\', New Jersey. At the commencement of the Rebellion he 
was appointed Colonel of the Twenty-Eighth New Jersey Regi- 
ment, and served with distinction. At the battle of Fredericksburg 
he was shot through the mouth, and was supposed to be mortally 
wounded. He recovered, however, and was appointed by President 
Lincoln as Military Groveruor of Washington, in which capacity he 
did excellent service. He was appointed a Brigadier-Greneral of 
Volunteers by President Johnson. 

After the war. General Wisewell engaged in mercantile business 
in New- York and Chicago. He died in the former city, April 11, 
1888. He was born in Brandon, Vermont, May 15, 1827, and was 
buried in the family vault at Pompton Plains. 



9^(K 




/*■■ 





ON THE WEST SIDE. 



THE NAVAL STATUE. 



This statue was t^.sigued by Lieutenant Wasliiugtou Irving Chambers, 
of the United States Ship Petrel. It represents a sailor about to engage 
an enemy in a hand-to-hand struggle. It is exceedingly graphic. The 
sculptor and bronze-workers have well retained the spirit of the original 
drawing. The figure is of high artistic merit, and a perfect embodiment of 
lofty daring. One critic said the expression was too intense ; but it should 
be remembered that the character represented is intense, and that he has 
intense work before him. luscriptious: 



(Uniler the Statue) 
COURAGE. 

(On the Die) 

THE UNION 

MUST 

AND SHALL BE 

PRESERVED. 



THE UNION SAVED. 



CHAPTER X. 

OUR HEROES' LAST SLEEP. 

At Rest in St. John's, Oakland, St. Mary's, and St. Joseph's Cem- 
eteries — Their Graves Kept in Reverent Remembrance. 

MANY of our brave defenders have crossed the great river, 
never to return. Their memories are dear to us, and we 
thus silently, with dewy eye and bowed head, tenderly commit their 
names to our children and children's children to remotest genera- 
tions, for their reverence and esteem. In the cemeteries of our 
city lie all that is left of our heroes. Loving hearts and willing 
hands may decorate their gi-aves. 



NAMES OF SOLDIERS BURIED IN ST. JOHN S, OAKLAND, 
ST. MARY'S, AND ST. JOSEPH'S CEMETERIES. 

AiNSWORTH, Joseph, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Archer, Nathan, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Barnes, Frederick E., Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Beasley, James E., Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
143 



1J4 YOXKEKS IX THE HEliEl.LIOX. 

Bills, Colonel, United States Army. 

Bowler, Elijah, Company L, First Regiment New- York Engineers. 
Brazier, James, Sr., Company I, One Hundred and Fifty-Ninth Regiment New- 
York Volunteers. 
Brazil, James, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Broderick, Cornelius, Company A, United States Infantry. 
Brown, James, Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Bromley, James, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Cadiz, James. 

Cahill, Thomas, Company C, Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Cahill, William. 

Cannon, W. F., Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Clancy, Henry, Company I, Second Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Cle\t:land, Henry. 

CoNTJELL, William, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers 

and Company B, Second Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 
Cook, George, Fortieth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Cope, Willlvm, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Costello, Joseph, Company F, Second Regiment New-York Artillery. 
Cronin, Eugene, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteei-s. 
CUMMINGS, WiLLiAJi, Sixty-Ninth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Cunningham, John .J., Company A, First Regiment California Volunteers. 

Danks, W. H.. Company H, Fifteenth Regiment New York Volunteers. 
Dean, Scott, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
DeWitt, Henry. 

Donahue, Bernard, Company A, Tenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Donelly, Andrew, Company A. Tenth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers. 

DOWNES, ClL\RLES A. 

Doyle, Harold. 

Dromley, William. 

Dubois, W. H., Fittli Kiginunt United States Cavalry. 

Dupp, Delmar. 

DupPY, Patrick, Company I, Twenty-Seventh Regiment New- York St;>lc Militia. 

Easton, Frederick J., Seventh Regiment New-York National Guards. 
Everest, James, Company D, Fifty-Fir.st Regiment Massjichusetts Volunteers. 
Faulds, Matthew, Company E, Ninety-Third Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Fenton. John, Company E, Seventy-Ninth Reginieiit New-York Volunteers. 



OUR HEROES' LAST SLEEP. 145 

Ferguson, H. B., Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

FiTZGERAi^D, John, Company F, United States Infantry. 

Foster, Charles W., Company D, Fifth Eegiment New- York Volunteers. 

Gaul, Theodore, Company D, Fifth Regiment New-York Militia. 
Geary, Thomas, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New -York Volunteers. 
GiLLEO, John, Company D, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Glosque, Joseph, Company G, Forty-Fu'st Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Gracy, John, Company F, One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment New- York Vol- 

imteers ; Company C, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Granger, James. 

Greely, Patrick H., United States Navy. 
Green, James H. 
Guilford, , Company B, Sixteenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Haggerty, John, Company A, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Hamilton, John, Sixty-Fourth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Hamilton, William, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Hampson, Eli, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Cavalry ; and First 

Regiment Veteran Cavalry. 
Hayes, William, Brigadier-General United States Army. 
Hendrick, a. a.. Company H, Eighty-Sixth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
HiCKEY, Thomas, Company C, Fom-teenth Regiment United States Infantry. 
HiCKTON, James, Company D, Sixteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. 
Hill, Thomas, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Holler, Francis, Company L, Third Regiment New-York Cavalry. 
HuLSE, Chauncey, Company I, Fifth Regiment New-York Volmiteers. 
HuMBERS, Joseph, Company B, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Humphrey, George, Company C, Sixty-First Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. 
Hurst, Hugh. 

Kane, Michael. 

Kearns, Thomas, Company C, Thii-d Regiment New-York Volunteers ; and First 

Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Keenan, Edward, Company A, Sixty-Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers ; and 

Company B, Sixty-Seventh Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Kelly, Patrick, Lieutenant Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Kniffen, Abram, Lieutenant Seventh New-York Independent Battery. 
Kniffen, John, Company B, Seventh Independent Volunteers. 
Koch, Bernard, Company D, Fifty-Second Regiment New- York Infantry. 



140 YOXKEIiS IX THE KEBELLIOS. 

Lawtience, Charles E. 

Lee, Robert. 

LUNT, Jacob, Company H, Thirty-Second Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Latjch, Terrence, Company D, Seventy-Third Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Lynt, Frederick B., Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Vohmteers. 

Maran, John. 

Martin, James, Company H, Eighth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

McCoy, James, Company K, Second Regiment District of C'olumbia Volunteers. 

!\I( ni:A\v. John, Forty-Third Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

M. l.\r.,HLlN. 

.M' -AIiNN, Thomas, United States Cavalry. 

McNamara, John, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

McViCKER, James, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Mitchell, Thojias, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers ; and Compan y 

D, Twelfth New- York Volunteers. 
MoROAN, Francis. 

Mom; AN, Frank A., Fiflh Hi-gimeiit .\ew-York Volunteers. 
M(>K(iAN, Henry. 

Morris, Arthcr, Company A, Fourth Regiment New- York Cavalry. 
Morris, Edmund Y, Major Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Morris, Thojias F., Colonel Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
MuuPHY, J.uiES, Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Murphy, William. 
Murray, W. J., Company A, Tenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

NoDiNE, Benjamin, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
NoDiNE, Clark, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Nodi'ne, Georoe. 

NODINE, W. H. 

Nolan, (tEORGE, Company II, Thirty-Second Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Oakley, William, Company A, Fifty-Sixth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
O'Donnell, Patrick, Company D, Second Regiment New-York Artillery. 
O'Hara, Henry, Company F, One Hundred and Sixty-Second Kegiment Niw-York 

Volunteers. 
O'HolKKK, .Iamks, United States Navy. 

Paddock, tiKoHtii:. 

Paddock. William P.. Soldier ot' War of ISl'J. 



OUR HEROES' LAST SLEEP. 147 

Parse, Hollis H., Company G, Thirty-Second Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Past, Christian. 

Pease, Charles H., Company F, Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. 

Percival, Wilder B., Seventeenth Regiment United States Militia. 

Pettit, Thomas. 

Pollock. 

Pollock, Robert A., Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Pope, William, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Price, Thomas R., Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Reynolds, James A., First Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Reynolds, Thomas, Company B, Sixty- Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
RiCEVER, Wilder, Company G, Seventeenth Regiment New- York State MiUtia. 
Right, William, Company E, Ninety-Ninth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
RiORDAN, Gilbert, Lieutenant-Colonel, Thirty- Seventh Regiment New-York 

Volunteers. 
Rockwell, George S. 

schiling. 

Schultse, Abram, Company D, One Hundi-ed and Fiftieth Regiment New-Yoi"k 

Volunteers. 
Shannon, Edward, Eighth Regiment New- York Mihtia. 
Shannon, Philip, Company D, Sixty-Ninth Regiment New- York Militia. 
Sickly, James M., Thirty-Second Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Skinner, John W., Sixth Regiment Missouri Volunteers. 
Smith, John, Company G, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Springer, Louis, Lieutenant, Twenty-Second Regiment, Connecticut. 
Starr, Edward A., Sergeant, Company H, Fifth Massachusetts Infantry Volunteers ; 

and Company F, Eighth Regiment, United States. 
Ste\t;ns, John, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Mihtia. 
Swift, S. M., Company J, Eighth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Trask, George, Company E, Seventy-Thii-d Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Turner, Owen, Company G, Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Van Orden, Albert, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Wallace, John, Company D, Twenty-Third Regiment United States Infantry. 
Welsh, James, United States Navj'. 

Welsh, Richard, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavj' Artillery. 
18 



14H YOXKEKS L\ rilK KEBELUOS. 

Welsh, William. 

Whalan, Patrick. 

WiLLOUGHBY, CHARLES W., Company D, Fourth Regiment New- York Heavy 
Artillery. 

Wilson, W. C, Company K, Second Regiment Connecticut Liglit ArtilK ry. 

WoNDEELiE, Philip, Company H, Forty-Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

WooLHEisER, Caleb T., Company G, One Hundred and Second Regiment New- 
York Volunteers. 

Wright, William, Company E, Ninety-Ninth Regiment New-York VoUmteers. 

Wyeker, Christian, Company I, First Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Yerks, George T., Company B, First Regiment New-York Cavalry. 

Comrade of Judsox Kilpatrick Post, One Ilmidred ami Forty-Tiiird Regiment 
New- York. 

Thirteen Unknown Graves. 



DIED IN THE SERVICE. 

Burgess, David, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavj- Artillery. 
Halves, J.\C'0B, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy ArtilK-ry. 
Sherwood, Joseph M., Company F, Sixth Rcginieiit New-York Heavy Artiller 



DIED IN YONKEHS. lU'lUE!) EESEWIIEHE. 

Gn.LEO, Jacob, Sergeant, Company F, Sixth New York Heavy Artillery. 
Keves, Edwin R., Chaplain, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Taylor, Henry H.. Company H. One Hundred and Sixth Regiment New-York 

Volimteers. 
Wandell, Evert H., Musician, Conipany F. Sixth Nrw-York Heavy .\rtillery. 



^ 



CHAPTER XI. 
A BOLL OF HONOR. 

SOLDIERS AND SAILORS OF THE WAR NOW OR LATELY RESIDING 
IN YONKERS. 



Acker, James, Company A, SLxty-Fourth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

AiNSWOETH, Allen, Company G, Tbdrty- Sixth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Allison, Robebt, Company G, Thii-ty-Sixth Regiment New -York Infantry Vol- 
unteers; Company E, Twelfth Regiment New- York Militia; Company D, 
Fifteenth Regiment New-York Engineers. 

Allen, Charles, Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Ames, Allen, Company B, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Archer, Oscar F., Company E, Eighth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Armstrong, Jambs, Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment 
New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Atkins, Francis H., Forty-Fourth Massachusetts Volunteers; Acting Assistant 
Surgeon, United States Navy. 

AuLD, James, United States Navy. 

Babcock, Jeremiah, Company B, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Bailey, Augustus, Musician, Seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. 

Baker, Fisher A., Lieutenant-Colonel, Eighteenth Regiment Massachusetts Infan- 
try Volunteers. 

Balch, Galusha B., Assistant-Surgeon, Ninety-Eighth Regiment New- York Infan- 
try Volunteers ; Second Regiment Veteran Cavalry New- York Volunteers. 

Baldwin, Charles E. 

149 



150 Y ON K Kits IN THE liEBELLION. 

Baldwin, John, Company G, One Hundred and Second Regiment New- York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Baldwin, William H., Captain, Company L, First Repnient New-York Enjrineers. 

Ball, Wn.Lnsi C. 

Barker, Oscar F., United States Navy. 

Bahnes, Jerome D., Company F, Sixteenth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillen,-. 

Bartlett, William H. C, Professor at West Point. 

Beaumont, Williasi H., United States Navy. 

Becker, Henrv, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Belknap, Willum H., Company A, Thirteenth Regiment New-York Mihtia. 

Bennett, Michael, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Betts, Charles D., Company H, One Himdred and Thirty-Second Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Betts, George, United States Navy. 

Blackett, William C, Company H, One Hundred and Second Regiment New- 
York Infantrj- Volunteers. 

Blair, James H., Company G, First Regiment Connecticut Infantry Volunteers. 

Blau\'elt, Willlvm. 

Bradley, Samuel, United States Navy. 

Brady, Jeremiah, Comi)aiiy B. Twelfth Massac-husctt.s Battery. 

Brady, Thomas. 

Brazier, Ja.mes, Conipany H, One lluiulred and Fiftieth New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Brennan, Thomas, United States Navy. 

Brill, Jacob G., Company E, Second Regiment New Jersey Volunteers. 

Brower, John F., Company H, First Regiment United States Sharp Shooters. 

Brown, Abram, Company I (Scott Life Guards), Fourth Regiment New- York In- 
fantry Volunteers. 

Brown, Calvin C, Company B, Sixth Regiment New-Yoik Heavy Artillery. 

Brown, John W., Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Hea\'>- Artillerj-. 

Brown, Samuel F., Company F, Second Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Burke, James, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Butler, John, Company B, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers ; 
Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Bynon, John Willett, Company E, Fii-st Regiment New- York Engineers. 

Cahill, John J., Company F, Twenty-Second Regiment New-York Cavalrj-. 
Callahan, Thomas, Company I), Forty-First Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 



A BOLL OF HONOR. 151 

Cantwell, Michael J., Company C, Thirtieth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Carey, JoH^f, Company E, Sixty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Vokmteers. 

Cabrall, Bernard, Company F, Fourteenth Regiment Indiana Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Carroll, Willlwi, Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Carter, James W., United States Navy ; Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York 
Heavy Artillery. 

Casey, Daniel, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Hea^'y Artillery. 

Casey, Maurice, Company M, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Casey, William, Company M, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Cashin, Patrick, United States Navy. 

Clark, Jere S., Company E, Third United States Light Artillery ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Company L, First New- York Engineers; and Captain, Company G, 
Second Regiment United States Colored Artillery. 

Collins, Thomas, Company E, One Hundred and Eighty-Seventh Regiment 
Pennsylvania Infantry Volunteers. 

CoLNAN, Thomas, Company D, Forty-Eighth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

CoMELius, Alonzo G., Company E, One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

CONNICK, Charles, United States Navy. 

Coon, John W., United States Navy. 

COPELAND, John, United States Navy. 

Corcoran, Daniel, Company A, Ninety-Ninth New- York Militia. 

COSKER, James, Company E, Seventy-Third Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Coyne, Martin, Company I, Fortieth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers ; 
United States Navy. 

Craft, Moses A., Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Crane, Stephen S., Company F, Eighth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Crimins, John, Company H, One Hundred and Sixty-Fourth Regiment New-Y'ork 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Croput, David K., Company F, Sixth Regiment United States Volunteers; Com- 
pany F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Cronen, Patrick, Company C, New- York Volimteers. 

Cropsey, Stephen, Company H, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 



152 YOyKKJiS IX THE UKBELUOX. 

CcRRAN, Thomas, Company D and Company K, Thirty-Fifth Repiment New Jersey 

Infantry Volunteers. 
Curtis, John H. 

Dagg, John L., United States Navy. 

Darah, James, United States Navy. 

Daub, Philip A., Company K and ("ompany C, One Hundred and Seventy-Fifth 
Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Dealing, Samuel F., Company G, First Rejfiment New- York Reavy Artillery. 

Deitrich, Conrad, Company F, One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers; Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment New-York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

De Revere, Williaji. Company K, One Hundred and Thirty-Third Regiment 
New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Dickson, Andrew, Company K, Third Regiment New-York Artillery. 

DiNSMORE, Luther, United States Navy. 

Doolity, John J., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New-York Militia. 

Doyle, Timothy, Company E, Fifth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers. 

Drehfahl, a. H., Company F, Fifty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Dreslit, David. 

Dudley, Orville D.. Company A, Fifth Regiment New-York liif;iiitry Volunteers 

Duffy, Patrick, Company 1, Twenty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

DURAND, Frederick J., Company H, First Regiment New-York Veteran Cavab-y ; 
Company C, Twenty-Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Eaqan, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Edie, jAiiES K., Fourteenth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Edwards, John, Company E, Seventieth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

ElMER, George, Coni|)any I. Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Arlillery. 

Ellerbeck, Charles H., Company E, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Ellis, Matthew H., Cai)tnin, Company K, One llmuircd and S.-vmty-Fiftli Regi- 
ment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Ewino, Thomas, Colonel, Eleventh Regiment Kansas liilaniiy Vohinii-iis ; Briga- 
dier-General and Brevet Major-Geneml United States Vnhinleers. 

Eyck, Charles Lee, United States Navy. 



A BOLL OF HONOR. 153 

Feexlet, M. 

Fegan, Peter, Company F, Ninetieth Regiment New-York Veteran Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Fink, John N., Company F, Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Fisher, William H., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Flanagan, Patrick. Company G, Sixty-Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

FoRMAN, Gilbert, Company G, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavj' Artillery. 

FORMAN, Henry, Company C, First Regiment United States Colored Cavalry. 

Forsyth, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Ai-tiUery. 

Foster, George H., Company G, Thirty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Francis, Kellogg, Fifteenth Regiment New-York Militia. 

Franklin, Benjamin. 

Franklin, James, Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Vohmteers. 

Ferguson, Hugh H., Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantiy 
Volunteers. 

Fuller, Frederick D. 

Gorman, James P., Company C, Eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry. 

Gordineee, William J., United States Navy. 

GoRiVAN, John, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Ai-tillery. 

GoTTLD, Abram C, United States Navy. 

Grace, Michael, Company H, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 

Gbacey, John, Company F, One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment New-York 

Infantry Volunteers ; Company C, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Infantry 

Volunteers. 
Graham, Edwin A., Company C, Ninety-Eighth Regiment New-York Infanti-y 

Volunteers. 
Gray, Stephen T., Company H, Fifty-Sixth Regiment New- York Infauti-y 

Volunteers. 
Grevert, John, Company I, Ninety-Fifth New-York Infantry Volunteers. 
Grimshaw, Henry, Company G, Thirty-Sisth Regiment New-York Infantry 

Volunteers. 
GuGEL, Frederick, Company L, Second Regiment New Jersey Cavah-y. 
Guilford, Nathan, Company D, Second Regiment Ohio Infantry Volunteers 

One Hundred and Thirty-Seventh Regiment Ohio Militia. 
GuiON, Heney p., United States Navj'. 



154 YOXKEIiS IX THE REHELLIOX. 

Haley, Thomas, Company K, One Hundrdil ami Fourth Regriment, New-York 
Infantrj' Volunteers. 

Hall, H. B., Captain, Company H, (Sixth Kefjimeut Kew-York Heavy Artillery. 

Halsey, Williaji L., Company F, First Refj^iment New- York Entrineers. 

Hajipson, Thomas, Company A, Sixth Rej^imcut New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Hajipson, Thomas, Company A, Eighteenth Repiment New-York Cavalry. 

Hargraves, Job, Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Harlane, Thomas, Company C, New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Harvey, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Harkls, Samuel, Company A, Twenty-Seventli Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Habri.son, Thoma.s. 

Hastings, John, Company 1), Twenty-Second Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Hatfield, William M., Company F, First Regiment New- York Lincohi Cavalry. 

Heath, ]^Iaecellus C. 

Hedley, John, Company F, Ninth Regiment New-York Infantrj- Volunteers. 

Heermance, William L., Company H, Ninth Regiment New- York State Militia; 
Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, Sixth Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

HendricKSON, George R., Company M and Coiiipiuiy A. Sixth Regiment New- 
York Hea%'y Artillery. 

HiCKERSON, Henry C, Company A and Company K. Klcvenlh Regiment New 
Jersey Infantry. 

Hill, John Martin, Company L, Fourth Regiment N.w-York Heavy Artillery. 

Hill.s, Slau George. 

HiNMAN, Frank H., Company E, First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry: Com- 
pany D, Eighty-Fourth Regiment United States Volunteer Infantry ; Company 
A, Fortieth Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. 

Hitchcock, Daniel H., Company F, Twenty-Fifth Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Hitchcock, George A., Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Hodges, George, Ninth Regiment New- York Militia. 

HOPFM.^N, William H., Company A., First Regiment Connci-ticul Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Holder, Frank T., Coni|iany H. Third Regiment Massju-husetts Cavalry. 

Holt, Henry, Company A, First Regiment New-York Cavalry. 

Howe, Hamlin. 

HiiWKi.i.. l>\vii>, Company B, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Cavalry. 



A ROLL OF HONOR. 155 

Howell, David M., United States Navy. 

HowLETT, Frederick G., Company B, Eighth Regiment New- York Mihtia. 

HoYT, Anson B., Chaplain, One Hundred and Seventy-Fourth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

HiiDDY, William, Company K, Thirty-Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Hume, Isaac, Company I, Two Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment Pennsylvania 
Infantry Volimteers ; Company G, Ninety-Ninth Regiment Pennsylvania 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Irvin, Joseph E., Company A, First Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Jackson, Eugene A., United States Navy; Company A, Sixty-Second Regiment 
New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Jackson, John W., Company D, Ambulance Corps. 

Johnston, Stephen W., Company F, Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Johnstone, Richard M., United States Navy. 

Jones, Lewis G., United States Navy. 

Jones, Samuel B., Colonel, Sixth Regiment United States Colored- Troops; Cap- 
tain, Company C, Seventy-Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

JOSLYN, Andrew J., Company A, One Hundred and Thirty-Ninth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Kane, Patrick, Company H. Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Kazier, Otto, Company F, One Hunch-ed and Thirty-First Regiment New- York 

Infantry Volunteers. 
Kearns, James, Company I, Second Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Keating, John, Company E, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 
Keeler, James, Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New-York Militia. 
Kempton, Benjamin F., Company C, First Regiment United States Sharp- Shooters ; 

Company D, Sixth Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps. 
Kerns, John, Company B, One Hundred and Forty-Fifth Regunent New- York 

Infantry Volunteers. 
Kiely, Michael, United States Navy. 
Kingsland, Henry, Company D, Fourteenth Regiment Rhode Island Heavy 

Artillery. 
Kinney, Edward, Company D, Eighty-Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry 

Volunteers ; Bugler, Ninth Regiment United States Infantry. 
19 



156 YOyKEHS IN THE BEBELLION. 

KiPP, Augustus, Company I), Thirty-Secoud Rejriment New-York Infantry 

Volunteers. 
KiEicvvooD, AleXjVSDER O., Company A, Forty-Seventh Regiment Massachusetts 

Infantrj' Volunteers. 
Kr.\3IER, Louis, Company K, Forty-Fifth Rejriment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 



Laoey, John, Company G, Forty-Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Lake, Jeremiah J., One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment New-York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Lajieraue, Nathan, Company A, Fifty-Si.\th Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Lapham, Solon, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Hea%->- Artillery. 

Lawrence, James V., Major, Volunteers on General Staff. 

Lawrence, John H., Company E, Sixth Regiment New-York Hea\^- Artillerj- ; 
Light Battery 31, First United States Artillerj-. 

Lawton, James F., Company C, First Regiment New- York Engineers. 

Lawton, James H., Company H, Thirty-First Regiment United States Colored 
Troops. 

Leliva, Carl von, Captain, Company C, Fifty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Lester, Moses H., United St<ites Navy. 

Lewis, Georoe, United States Navy. 

Light, Charles, Ninth Ohio Independent Battery. 

Lkhit, Robert B., Company D, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Lockavood, George W., Company A, First Regiment Provisional Pennsylvania 
Mounted Volunteers. 

Lord, Hiram F., Company B, Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Volimteers. 

Lovett, James, United States Navy. 

LoWENTHAL, SiGiSMUND, Company A, Sixth Regiment New- York Militia, and Com- 
pany K, Eleventh New Jersey Infantry Volunteers. 

LusK, George. 

LUTKINS, Andrew R., Eighth Regiment New Jersey Infantry Volunteers. 

Lvnt, Samuel H., Sergeant, Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artil- 



JIcCartiiv, Calvin. 

McCAltTV, Fifty-Ninth Heginient Ncw-Yurk Infantry Voluntt 



A ROLL OF HONOR. 157 

McDonald, Andrew, Company H, Eighth Regiment New-York Militia. 

McFall, John, Company A, One Hundred and Thirty-Ninth Regiment New- York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

McG-ANN, Philip, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Mackey, Geeffen, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

McLaw, James V.an, Company E, Sixteenth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Maclay, Isaac W., Lieutenant, United States Army. 

McLennan, George, Company A, Second Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

McMahon, John, Company F, Sixth New-York Heavy Artillery. 

McMela, Jacob. 

McPherson, William H., United States Navy. 

Manners, Samuel L., Company F and Company B, Eighth Regiment New Jersey 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Manning, Ezra L., Company H, One Hundred and Fourteenth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers ; Company K, Fom-teenth Regiment Veteran Reserve 
Corps. 

Maroney, Edwabd B., United States Navy. 

Maeean, Peter, Company E, Twelfth Regiment New- York Infantry Volimteers. 

Maetin, William. 

Maxwell, Richard, Company I, Thu-ty-Eighth Regiment New Jersey Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Maxwell, Robert, Company G. 

Meadows, John G., Company B and Company C, First Regiment New-York In- 
fantry Volunteers. 

Menzee, Herman, Company I, First Regiment New-York Cavaky. 

Messenger, Edwabd A. 

Miller, Archibald Edgae, Company E, Eighth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Miller, DA^ao J., Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Millee, Joseph, Company E, Thirty-Seventh Regiment New Jersey Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Millward, James, Adjutant, Washington Clay Battalion ; Captain, Company E, 
Ninety-Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Mitchell, Edward J., Company E, Thirty-Seventh Regiment New Jersey Infan- 
try Volunteers. 



158 YONKERS IN TllK KKUKUJOX. 

Mitchell, George A., Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantrj' Volun- 
teers. 

JIoxToojiERY, James, Company G, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 

MonKis, Michael, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Hea\-y Artillerj-. 

Mosher, PniLrp, Company K, Sixteenth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

MuNN, Daniel S., Company G, Sixty-Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Murphy, Patrick, Company B, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Cavalrj-. 

MiRPHY, Timothy, Company G, First Regiment United States Infantrj-. 

Murray, David, Company D, Fifteenth Regiment New-York Cavalry. 

Nash, Patrick, Company B, Fiftieth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry- Volun- 
teers. 

Nathan, Michael, Company G, SL\th Regiment New-York Militia. 

Nealy, Benjamin, Company A, Thirteenth Regiment New Jersey Infautiy Volun- 
teers. 

Nebe, Charles, Company C, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteei-s. 

Nelson, Henry W., Company A, Thirty-First Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Nessler, Henry. Company D, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New-York Infantrj- Vol- 
unteers. 

Nichols, Frederick 0., Company C, First Regiment Connecticut Hea^•y Artillery. 

Nichols, Orlando, Company G, Tenth Regiment Connecticut Infantry Volunteers. 

NicoLL, Augustus W., Company E, Seventh Regiment New-York Militia. 

Oakley, Branson K. 

O'Brien, James 0., Company K, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers; 
Thirty-Fii-st Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

O'Brien, John, Company H., Sixty-Ninth Regiment New- York Infantrj' Volun- 
teers. 

Okell, Williaji, Quartermaster, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Olh-er, Thomas, Company G, Thirty-Seventh Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers; Company C, Eighteenth Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Osterheld, HENTtY, First Lieutenant, Company K, Sixty-Eighth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Otis, Henry, Company K, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New-Vork Infantry Volunteers. 

Otis, Thomas. 



A BOLL OF HONOE. 159 

Palmer, Abeam J., Company D, Forty- Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Paitlding, Pieree L., Company E, One Hundred and Sixty-Eighth Regiment 
New-York Infantry Vohmteers ; United States Navy. 

Peake, Cyeus a., Company G, First Regiment New-York Engineers. 

Peckham, Emeey a., Company B, Twenty-Seventh Regiment Massachusetts In- 
fantry Volunteers. 

Peene, John G., Company P, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Peiece, Charles A., Company D, Twenty-Si.rth Connecticut Infantry Volunteers. 

Pentreath, John, Corporal, Company D, Nineteenth Regiment New-York Mihtia ; 
Quartermaster-Sergeant, One HuncU-ed and Sixty-Eighth Regiment New- York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Peekins, James Ct. 

Perkins, William, Company D, Seventy-Third Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Persise, James, United States Navy. 

Pettit, Samuel M., First Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 

Phelan, John, New Jersey. 

Porter, William A., Company C, Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Post, George C, Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Prescott, William H. 

Prime, Ralph E., Companies G, C, and B, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Proseus, Joseph L., Company B, Fifth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery; 
Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Militia. 



QuiNCEY, Edward, 



Randall, J. Wesley, United States Navy. 

Redding, John T., Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Militia ; United 

States Navy. 
Reipp, Jacob, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Reilly, James, Company K, One Hundred and Thirty-First Regiment New- York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Rein, John H., Company D, Seventy-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Requa, Francis D., Company E, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 



160 YOXKERS IN THE UEliKLUOX. 

Reynolds, Seymour H., Company M and Company H, Sixth Rogiment New- 
York Heavy Artillery. 

Rhodes, Edward C, Company H, One Hundred and Fifty-Third Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Rhodes, John W., United States Navy. 

Riley, Wflllmi, Company G, Fifty-First Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Robinson, Thomas, Company C, Twenty-Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Roos, Albert, ('ompany K, Nineteenth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Roth, Conrad, Company E, One Hundred and Eighty-Third Regiment Ohio 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Ryan, Michael F., Company G. Sixty-Third Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Ryer, Benjamin, Company I, Ninety-Third Regiment New- York Militia. 

Ryer, Williaji C, Company E, New- York Volunteei-s. 

Scheleerr, James S. 

Shampnoy, Andrew, Company B, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Shaw, Alexander, Company A, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment 
Ne-w-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Shelton, Stephen A., Massachusetts Cadets. 

Sheridan, jAiiES, Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers; 
Company B, Second Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 

Sherwood, Aaron, Company I, Tenth Regiment Connecticut Infantry Volunteers. 

Shonnard, Frederic, Major, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillerj-. 

Shultz, Charles, Company I, Second Regiment District of Columbia Infantry 
Volunteers. 

SlEBERT. Jacob, Company E, Twentieth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

SiEVERS, Albert, Company C, Twenty-Second Regiment New Jersey Infantry 
Volunteei-s. 

SiMiiONDS, Jeremiah, Company D, Fourth Regiment New- York Hea\-y Artillery. 

Simmons, Edward, Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Simpson, Lvke, Company F, One Hundred and Ninety-Second Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Skidgell, WiLLiAii, Company A, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers; Company D, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Skipper, Thomas, Company A. Third Regiment Maryland Cavalry. 



A ROLL OF HONOR. 161 

Smith, George, Company A, First Regiment New-York Cavalry. 

Smith, Jacob, Company K, Thirty-Third Regiment Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

Smith, John G., Company C and Company A, First Regiment New-York Cav- 
alry ; Company F, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New -York Infantry Volunteers. 

Smith, Robert, Fifth Regiment New-York Militia. 

Southwick, Benjamin W. 

Starr, George H., Captain, Company D, and Brevet-Colonel, One Hundi-eJ and 
Foui-th Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Stevens, Samuel, Major, First Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Stewart, Arthur, Company B, Forty-First Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Stewart, James, Jr., Captain, Company A, Fifth Regiment Connecticut Infanti-y 
Volunteers. 

Stockholm, Frederick G., Company A, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy 
Ai'tillery. 

Stone, Willl\m S., Company C, Seventy-First Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Stouffer, George A., Company H, First Regiment Maryland Infantry Volun- 

Straley, Jacob, Company A, Twenty-Eighth Regiment New Jersey Infantry ; 
Company A, Fortieth Regiment New Jersey Infantry Volunteers. 

Strobridge, George E., First Lieutenant, Company F, One Hundred and Thirty- 
Fourth Regiment Illinois Volunteers. 

Sullivan, John, Ninety-Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Sullivan, Michael T., Company I, Ninety-Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Swan, William. 

Sweeney, John W., Company A, Twenty-Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 



Tallmadge, Robert P., Sixth Ohio Independent Battery. 

Terrell, Timothy, Company E, Eighth Regiment Connecticut Infantry. 

Thorpe, George N., Company C, Ninety-First Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

TiCE, James G., Company H, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Tidaback, John, Company D, Fifty-Second Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 



162 YONKEHS 7.V THE ItEIiKI.LIOS. 

Tompkins, Abraji H., Company K, Drum-Major, One Hundred and Sixty-Eighth 
Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

TowNSESD, William J., Company H, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regi- 
ment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

TrnxKR, Thomas, Company C, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 

Tyrrkll, Elias, Company K, Fortieth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

UxGER, Adolph, Company D, Fifty-Ninth Regiment N«w-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

VA^•DEEBURGH, Bertrand, Company H, First Regiment Kentucky Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Van Ness, Theodore, Company K. Twenty-Sixth Regiment New .Jersey Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Van Tassell, Sherburne, C, United States Navy. 

Van Wagner, George H., Company E, Ninety-First Regiment New- York Infan- 
try Volunteers. 

Veckek, \\. 

Veitch. William II., United States Navy. 

ViCKER, Daniel, Company F, New-York Volunteers. 

VoiGHT, Henry, Company I, Fifth Regiment, United States Veteran Cavalry. 

Wachter, Christian, Company A, Sixty-Sixth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Waldeck, William, Company D, Twentieth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Walsh, Robert, Company C, SLxth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Walters, Frederick, Company I, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

W.VI.TERS, George W., Company I, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Washington, George H., Company C, Eleventh Regiment United States Colored 
Artillerj'. 

Webb, Jajies, Company C, Seventy-Second Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Wellinghast, John. 

Wellm^VN, W. Prescott, Seventh Regiment New-York Mjlitia. 

Welsh, James, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy .Vriill.ry. 

Wki.sii.Wili.iam, Caiitain.Coniimny D.Si.\ly-Kiglith Heginient New-York Infantry. 



A ROLL OF HONOR. 163 

Wheaton, Joseph C, Compauy A, Thirteenth Regiment New-York Mihtia. 
Whitehead, John C, Company G, First Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 
Whiting, Joseph, Company F, Second Regiment New- York Cavah-y. 
Williams, Charles John, United States Navy. 
Williams, Edwin H., Company A, One Hundred and Ninety-Second Regiment 

New- York Infantry Vohinteers. 
Willis, William. 

WiLLOUGHBY, Charles, Company D, Fourth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
WmANS, David A., Company A, Fourth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Wolf, William H., United States Navy. 

Woodruff, Frederick H., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New-York Militia. 
Wyatt, David W., Company G, Thirty-Sixth Regiment New -York Infantry 

Volunteers. 

Yerks, William W., Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 



I 



i^ 




#: f 



^ 4 




ON THE SOUTH SIDE. 



THE CAVALRY STATUE. 



This desiij'ii was furnished by J. E. Kelly, of New-York. It is an impos- 
ing figure. It repi-eseuts a dismounted cavalryman on the picket-line, 
with carbine ready, dauntless resolution, and every sense alert, intent to 
discover and repel the approach of an enemy. The martial bearing of 
form and the heroic cast of features combine to render this statue very 
impressive. Inscriptions : 



(Under llie S 
VALOR 



PARAMOUNT OBJECT 

IS TO 

SAVE THE UNION. 



(Oil tlie BasL- 



LET US HAVE PEACE. 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 

KiTCHiNG Post — John C. Fremont Post — Men Who Bravely 
Faced the Rebel Fire in Defence of the Union. 

KITCHHSTG POST NO. 60. 

IN tlie latter part of the year 1867, a number of the men who 
had been in the United States service for the suppression of 
the Rebellion between the years 1861 and 1865, learning that there 
had been an organization formed for their benefit, called the 
Grand Army of the Republic, made application to James B. 
McKean, who was then Grand Commander of the State of New- 
York, for a charter for a Post in Yonkers, and on the 7th day of 
January, 1868, a charter was granted to E. Y. Morris, Sherburne C. 
Van Tassell, James Stewart, Patrick Kelly, George W. Farnam, 
Abram H. Tompkins, Edgar C. Nodine, James Carter, George Hen- 
drickson, William Riley, and Daniel S. Munn, to organize a Post to 
be known as Kitching Post No. 60. 

On the 18th day of March following, the muster in took place, 
and Edmund Y. Morris was elected the first Commander. Daniel 



170 YOSKEHS IX Tilt: HEIiELLIOS. 

S. Munu was elected Comniandei- on the 1st of January, 1870, when 
there were fifty-five names on the muster-roll. In the year 1871 
John Kuester was Comniandei-, and he also served as such for the 
year 1872. The membership increased so, that in January, 1873, 
when William Riley assumed command of the Post, the number of 
names on the muster-roll was 179. He was also in command of the 
Post during the year 1874, when four more names were added to 
the muster-roll. 

The Commanders since that year have been for 1875-76, James 
Cadis; 1877, Oscar T. Barker; 1878-79, Henry Osterheld; 1880, 
John C. Shotts; 1881, Frank A. Curran; 1882, James V. Lawrence, 
to September 17, 1882, when he resigned; Sherburne C. Van Tas- 
sell, to June 17, 1884, when he resigned ; Galusha B. Balch, from 
June 17, 1884, to July, 1885, when he resigned ; James Sheridan, 
from July, 1885, to January, 1H87; and from 1887 to and including 
1891, John C. Shotts. 



Officers, November, 1801 : 

John C. Shotts, Commander. 

Augustus Kipp, Senior Vice-Commander. 

George Hexdrickson, Junior Vice-Commander. 

Edward J. Mitchell, Adjutant. 

James Sherid^vn, Officer of tbe Day. 

Abram H. Tompkins, Quartermaster. 

JjVMes Carter, Chaplain. 

Edward Kenxey, Officer of the Guard. 

Adolph Unoer, Serpeant-Major. 

George Eimek, Qunrtermaster-Sergeant. 

John C. Shotts, National Delegate. 

AUOUSTU.S Kipp, Department Delegate. 

Thomas Oliver, Alternate. 



THE GEAND ARMY OF THE BEPUBLIC. 171 



Acker, Jasper W., Company B, Sixth Eegiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Allison, Robert, Company E, Twelfth Regiment New-York Militia ; Company 
G, Thirty-Sixth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers ; Company D, Fif- 
teenth Regiment New-York Engineers. 

Andrews, Joseph, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
imteers. 

Arbuckle, William, Musician, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Bailey, Augustus, Musician, Seventh Regiment Massachusetts Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Baldwin, John, Company G, One Hundred and Second Regiment New-York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Barker, Oscar T., United States Navj'. 

Barnes, Jerome D., Company F, Sixteenth Regiment New-York Heavy ArtiUery. 

Betts, George, United States Navy. 

Blaitvelt, Willi.\m, Company D, Fifty-First Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Bloomer, William E., United States Navy. 

Bowes, Benjamin, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Brady, Jeremiah, Company B, Twelfth Regiment Massachusetts Light Artillery. 

Brazier, James, Company B, One Hundred and Fifty-Fifth Regiment New- York 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Brill, Jacob G., Company E, Second Regiment New Jersey Infantry Volunteers. 

Brown, Calvin C, Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Brown, John W., Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Brown, Samuel F., Company F, Second Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Butler, John, Company B, Twelfth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers ; 
Company D, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Carey, John, Company E, Sixty-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 
Caeroll, William, Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Carter, James W., Company C, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery ; 

United States Navy. 
Casey, Daniel, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy ArtiUery. 
Cashin, Patrick, United States Navy. 



172 YOXKEKS ly THE RKliELLIOX. 

Clark, Jere S., Company E, Third Regiment United States Light ArtiUerj-; 
Fourth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers; Company G, Second Regi- 
ment United States Artillery. 

Coon, John W., United States Navy. 

Crofct, David K., Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers ; 
Company F, Sixth Regiment United States Volunteers. 

CuRRAN, Thomas, Company D and Company K, Thirty-Fifth Regiment New 
Jersey Infantry Volunteers. 

Dickson. Andrew, Company K, Third Regiment New-York Artillery. 

DooLiry, John J., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Drehfahl, a. H., Company F, Fifty-Eighth Regiment New- York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Dudley, Orville D., Company .\, Fiftli Regiment New- York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Durand, Frederick J., Company H, First Regiment New- York Veteran Cavalry ; 
Company C, Twenty- Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Edie, JyUiiES, Fourteenth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Ek'KHORN, Charles F., Company H, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry 

Volunteei-s. 
Eimer, George, Company I, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Ferguson, Hugh H., Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantry 

Volunteers. 
Field, John P., Company C, Fourth Regiment Vermont Infantry Volunteers. 
Fink, John N., Company F, Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 
FiNNEOAN, James, Company F, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 
Fisher, William H., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New- York Militia. 
Forman, Gilbert, Company G, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
FoRMAN, Henry, Company C, First Regiment United States Colored Cavalr>-. 

GoRAViN, John, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

GORDINEER, William J., United States Navy. 

Graham, Edward, Company C,Ninety-Eightli Heginieiii Ni-w-Vork Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Grevert, John, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiuuut New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

GUGEL, Frederick, Company L, Second Regiment New Jei-scy Cavalry. 



THE GRANB ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 173 

Halsey, William L., Company F, First Regiment New-York Engineers. 
Hampson, Thomas, Company A, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Cavah^'. 
Hargraves, Job, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Haevey, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Hastings, John, Company A, Twenty-Sixth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers. 
Hauptmann, Charles H., Company A, United States Engineers. 
Hendrickson, George, Company M and Company A, Sixth Regiment New- York 

Heavy Ai-tiUery. 
Henry, George S., Company A, Seventy-Tlm-d Regiment New-York Infantry 

Volunteers. 
Hickerson, Henry C, Company A and Company K, Eleventh Regiment New 

Jersey Volunteers. 
Hitchcock, Daniel H., Company F, Twenty-Fifth Regiment New-York Cavah-y. 
Howell, David, Company B, Eighteenth Regiment New-York Cavalry. 
HowLETT, Frederick G., Company B, Eighth Regiment New-York Militia. 

Irvin, Joseph, Company A, Fu-st Regiment New-York Cavalry. 

Jones, Alfred M., Company B, Seventy-Eighth Regiment United States Colored 
Infantry. 

Jones, Samuel B., Company C, Seventy-Eighth Regiment New- York Volunteers ; 
Brigadier-General United States Volunteers. 

JosLYN, Andrew J., Company A. One Hundred and Thirty -Ninth Regiment New- 
York Volunteers. 

Kaufman, Norman, Company D, Seventh Regiment Maryland Infantry Volunteers. 

Kearns, James, Company I, Second Regiment New-York Artillery. 

Keeler, James, Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Kenney, Edward, Company D, Ninth Regiment United States Infantry; Com- 
pany M, Eighty-Eighth Regiment New-York Veteran Infantry Volunteers. 

Kiely, Michael, United States Navy. 

KiPP, Augustus, Company D, Thii-ty-Second Regiment New- York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Lacey, John, Company G, Forty-Seventh Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Lameraue, Nathan, Company A, Fifty-Sixth Regiment New-York Vohmteers. 
Lange, John, Company I, Fourth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Lapham, Solon, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Lawton, James F., Company C, First Regiment New-York Engineers. 
Light, Charles, Ninth Ohio Independent Battery. 



174 YONKERfi IX THE REBELLWS. 

Light, Robert B., Company I), One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Reg-iiuent New- 
York Volunteers. 

LocKWOOD, George W., Company A, First Regiment Pennsylvania Provisional 
Mounted Volunteers. 

LowENTHAL, SiGlSMUND, Companies A and K, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy 
Artillery. 

Lynt, Samuel H., Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

McCall, Thomas, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Mackey, Geiffen, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

McLave, James, Company C, Fifth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Manners' Samuel L., Company F, Eighth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers; 
Company B, Eighth Regiment New Jersey Veteran Volunteers. 

Marran, Peter, Company E, Twelfth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Mexzer, Hermax, Company I. First Regiment New- York Cavalry. 

Miller, David J., Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Miller, Joseph, Company E, Thirty-Seventh Regiment New Jersey Volunteers. 

Millward, James, Adjutant, Washington Clay Battalion ; Captain, Comijany E. 
Ninety-Ninth Regiment New-York Infantry Volimteers. 

Mitchell, Edward J.. Company E. Thirty-Seventh Regiment New Jersey Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Mitchell, George A., Company F, Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Montgomery, James, Company G, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 

MuNN, Daniel S., Company G, Sixty-Sixth Regiment New- York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Murden, Jacob L., Company C, Seventh Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Murphy, Cornelius, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Murphy, Timothy, Company G, First Regiment United States Infantry. 

Nebe, Charles B., Company C, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Nessler, Henry, Company D, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 
NiOHOLLS, Frederick O., Company C, First Regiment Conneeticut Heavy Artillery. 

Oliver, Thomas, Company C, Eighteenth Regiment New- York Cavalry; Company 
G, Thirty-Seventh Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

O.STERHELD, Henry, First Lieutenant, Company K, Sixty- Eighth Regiment .^Jew- 
York Infantrv Volunteei-s. 



THE GBAND ABMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 175 

Paulding, Pierre F., Company E, One Hundred and Sixty-Eiglitii Regiment 

New- York Volunteers; United States Navy. 
Peake, CTRtrs A., Company G, First Regiment New- York Engineers. 
Penteeath, John, Corporal, Company D, Nineteenth Regiment New-York Militia ; 

Quartermaster-Sergeant, One Hundred and Sixty-Eighth Regiment New- York 

Infantry Volunteers. 
Post, George C, f'ompany F, Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Redding, John T., Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New- York MUitia ; United 
States Navy. 

Reitf, Jacob, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Rein, John H., Company D, Seventy-Eighth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Reynolds, Seymour H., Company M and Company H, Sixth Regiment New- York 
Heavy Artillery. 

Roth, Conrad, Company E, One Hundred and Eighty-Third Regiment Ohio In- 
fantry Volunteers. 

Ryan, Michael F., Company G, Sixty-Third Regiment New- York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Shaw, William, Musician, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Sheridan, James, Company F, Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers ; Company 
B, Second Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 

Sherman, James W., Company D, Fom-teenth Regiment New Jersey Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 

Shotts, John C, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Sievees, Albert, Company C, Twenty-Second Regiment New Jersey Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Skidgell, William, Company A, Eighteenth Regiment New- York Volunteers ; 
Company D, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Smith, George, Company A, First Regiment New- York Cavalry. 
-Smith, John G., Company C and Company A, First Regiment New- York Cavalry ; 
Company F, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Smith, William R., Company I, Fifth Regiment Maryland Infantry Volunteers. 

Starr, George H., Captain, Company D, and Brevet-Colonel, One Hundi-ed and 
Fourth Regiment New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

Stevens, Samuel, Major, First Regiment New- York Cavab-y. 

Stewart, Arthur, Company B, Forty-First Regiment New-York Infantry Vol- 
unteers. 
21 



176 • ITAVA'iVt'.S' jy THE KEBELLION. 

Still, John, Company I, Ninety-Fifth Kegrinient New-York Infantry Volunteers. 
SuLLn'AN, Michael T., Company I, Ninety-Sixth Regiment New- York Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Tallmadge, Robert P., Sixth Ohio Independent Batterj*. 

TiCE, James G., Company H, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New-York Infantrj* Volun- 
teers. 

TlDABACK, John, Company D, Fifty-Second Regiment Pennsylvania Infantn- Vol- 
unteers. 

Tompkins, Abram H., Drum-Major, One Hundred and Sixty- Eighth Kepment 
New- York Infantry Vohmteers. 

Unger, Adolph, Company D, Fifty-Ninth Regiment New- York Infantry Volun- 
teers. 

Veitch, William H., United States Navy. 

VoiGHT, Heney, Company I, Fifth Regiment United States Veteran Cavalry. 

Washington, George H., Company C, Eleventh Regiment United States Colored 
Artillery. 

Comrades who hare died xixee the uryamzution of the I'ost. 

Bowler, Elijah, Company L, First Regiment New-York Veteran Engineers. 
Brazier, James, Company I, One Hundi-ed and Fifty-Ninth Regiment New-York 
Volunteers. 

Cain, Joseph, Company F, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Carlton, Ch^vrles F., Company D, Fourth Regiment Vermont Volunteers. 
Cunningham, John J., Company A, First Regiment California Volunteers. 
Curran, Frank, Company E, Second Regiment New Jersey Volunteers. 

Dillon, Thomas F., Sixty-Ninth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
DoNOHDE, Bernard, Company A, Tenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Dubois, William H., Fifth Regiment United States Cavalry. 
Dykes, William, Company H, First Regiment New-York Mounted Rifles. 

Everkst, James B., Company D, Fifty-First Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. 

Fenner, John R., Company D, Fifth Regiment New-York Infantry. 
Fenton, John, Company E, Seventy-Ninth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Ferguson, Hexrv B.. Cumpany C, Sixth Regiincnt New-York Heavy Artillery. 



THE GRAND ABMY OF THE BEPUBLIC. 177 

FiSHEE, Charles R., Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New-Yoi-k State National 

Guard. 
Foley, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Fype, John, One Hundi-ed and Seventy-Eighth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

GriLLEO, Jacob, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Glosqtte, Joseph, Company G, Forty-First Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Hendeick, a. a.. Company H, Eighty-Sixth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Hill, Thomas, Company A, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Humbert, Joseph, Company B, Seventy-Fourth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Humphries, George, Company C, Sixty-First Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Jenkins, Edward W., Captain, Ninety-Ninth Regiment New- York Volunteers; 
Thirty-Second Regiment United States Colored Infantry. 

Kernan, Edward, Company B, Sixty-Seventh Regiment New-York Volunteers ; 

Company A, Sixty-Fifth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Koch, Bernhard, Company D, Fifty-Second Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Matthews, John H, Company F, Twelfth Regiment New- York State Militia. 
MOEEIS, Edmund Y., Major, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

O'Donnell, Patrick, Company G, Second Regiment New-York Artillery. 

Parse, Hollis H., Company G, Thirty-Second Regiment New-York Volunteers. 
Pease, Charles H., Company F, Fifty-Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteei-s. 

Reynolds, Thomas, Company B, Sixty-Fifth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 

Smith, John, Company G, Fifty-Seventh Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
Springer, Louis, Company H, Twenty-Second Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. 
Starr, Edwaed, Company H, Fifty-Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. 

Taylor, James W., Company I, Thirteenth Regiment New- York State National 
Guard; Company E, Fourteenth Regiment New-York Volunteers. 

Taylor, Henry H., Company H, One Hundred and Sixth Regiment New- York 
Volunteers. 

VOCKENROTH, WiLLIAM. 

Wallace, John, Company D, Twenty-Third Regiment United States Infantry. 
Wandell, Eveeet H., Seventeenth Regiment New- York Volunteers. 
WOOLHISEE, Caleb T., Company B, Fourth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 



178 YONKERS IX THE HEBELLION. 



JOHN C. FREMONT POST NO. '.90. 

On the 19th day of May, 1886, a number of honorably discharged 
soldiers of the United States Army, who had sei"ved in the late 
war for the suppression of the Rebellion against the Union, met 
in the City of Yonkers, and took steps looking to the formation 
of a Post of the Grand Army of the Republic. After several pre- 
liminary meetings the new Post started on its career June 29, as 
the Horatio Seymour Post No. 590, Department of New-York, with 
the following named comrades as officers : 



Frederic Suonnakd, Commander. 
Fisher A. Baker, Senior Vice-Commander. 
Edward Maxwell, Junior Vice-Commander. 
Galusha B. Balch, Surgeon. 
Joux Forsyth. Cliaplain. 
Matthew H. Ellis, Quartermaster. 
James V. Lawrence, Officer of the Day. 
George W. Farnaji, Officer of the Guard. 
James B. Farrell. Adjutant. 
Augustus W. Nicoll, Serpeant-Major. 
Thomas Ewixci. Quartei-mastor-Serpeant. 



CJaluslia B. Balch succeeded Coniiiiandor Shonnanl, .January 'J.'), 
1S77, and has remained since that .late in tlie same luisitioii. 

.At a regnlar encanipinent li.M ,,n .Inly 24, ISiM). the name ..f tlie 
Post was changed to John C. Fremont ; the change being ratified 
by General Order No. 9, September 25, 1890, from Department 
Ileaihinarters. 



THE GRAND ASMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 179 



Bakee, Fisher A., Lieutenant-Colonel, Eighteenth Regiment Massachusetts Infan- 
try Volunteers. 

Balch, Galusha B., Assistant Surgeon, Ninety- Eighth Eegiment New- York In- 
fantry Volunteers; Second Regiment Veteran Cavalry New- York Volunteers. 

Baldwin, William Henry, Captain, Company L, First Regiment New- York 
Eng^ineers. 

Belknap, William H., Company A, Thirty- Eighth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Betts, Charles D., Company H, One Hundred and Thirty-Second Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 

Biedsall, Thomas, Company A, One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Regiment 
New- York Infantry Volunteers. 

Borland, George, Company K, Fourth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers ; 
Captain, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Brower, John F., Company H, First Regiment Shai-p-Shooters. 

Brown, William H., Company B, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 

Bynon, John Willet, Company E, First Regiment New-York Engineers. 

Casey, Daniel, Company F, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
Church, Benjamin S., Captain, Twelfth Regiment New-York Engineers. 
CoNLiN, John, Company K, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy ArtUlery. 
Crane, Stephen S., Company F, Eighth Regiment New-York Militia. 

Ellis, Matt. H., Captain, Company K, One Hundred and Seventy-Fifth Eegiment 
New-York Infantry Volunteers. 

EwiNG, Thomas, Colonel, Eleventh Regiment Kansas Infantry Volunteers ; Briga- 
dier-General and Brevet Major-General, United States Volunteers. 

Faenam, Geoege W., Company G, Twenty-Thii-d Regiment Connecticut Infantry 

Volunteers. 
Fareell, James F., Captain, Company H, Fifth Regiment New- York Artillery. 
Foesyth, John, Company F, Sixth Regiment New -York Heavy Artillery. 
Feisbie, George H., Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Hatfield, William M., Company F, First Regiment New- York Lincoln Cavalry. 
Holt, Henry, Company A, First Regiment New- York Cavalry. 
Hudson, Abeam A., Company B and Company E, Ninety-Fifth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers. 



180 YO\KEI{S IX THE UKliKLLIOS. 

Ives, Hugh M., Company B, Sixth Regiment Connecticut Infantry Volunteers. 

King, George W., Captain, Company G, Sixth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
KiRKWOOD, Alexander 0., Company A, Forty-Seventh Regiment Jlassiic-husetts 

Infantry Volunteers. 
Kempton, Benjamin F., Company C, First Regiment United States Sharp-Shooters; 

Company D, Sixth Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Lawrence, James V., Major, Volunteers on General Staff. 

Lawrence, John H., Company E and Company B, Sixth Regiment New-York 
Heavy Artillerj'. 

Lelr'a, Carl von, Captain, Company C, Fifty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infan- 
try Volunteers. 

Lester, MoSes H., United States Nav>-. 

Manning, Ezra L., Company H, One Hundred and Fourteenth Regiment New- 
York Infantry Volunteers ; Company K, Fourteenth Regiment Veteran Reserve 
Corps. 

NicoLL, Augustus W., Company E, Seventh Regiment New-York Militia. 

Odell, James B., Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Militia ; Com- 
pany H, Thirteenth Regiment New-York Militia. 
Odell, John H., Company C. Fifth Regiment New- York Infantry Volunteers. 
O'M^u^EY, Joseph, Company K. Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 

Radcliff, AbRjUI S., Company H, Seventeenth Regiment New-York ^lilitia. 
Randall, J. Wesley, United States Navy. 

Shonnard, Frederic, Major, Sixth Regiment New-York Hea\'j' Artillery. 

SiMMONDS, WiLLiAii, Company B, Fifteenth Regiment New- York Militia. 

Simpson, Luke, Company F, One Hundred and Ninety-Second Regiment New- 
York Infanti-y Volunteers. 

Slocum, William E., Company C, Thirty-Seventli Regiment Massachusetts In- 
fantiy Volunteers. 

Snyder, Hiram J., Company 1), Fiftieth Regiiiiont Pi'niisylvani:i Infantry Vdlun- 
teers. 

Stewart, .James, Secomi iiiiuti'iunit, ('<>iii]iaM.v II. Tliiriceutli Regiment New- 
York Militia. 

Stkwaf.t. Jamks, Jh., r.ii.taiii. ( '..iniiaiiv A, Fifth Itcgiinciit ('Dnnecti.Mit Infantry. 

Tiiaveh, Stkphkn H.. ('(inii>aiiy II, Seventeenth Regiment New-York Militia. 



THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 18] 

Van Ness, Theodore, Company K, Twenty-Sixth Regiment New Jersey Infantry. 

Walsh, Robert, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Welsh, Willlaji, Captain, Sixty-Eighth Regiment New-York Infantry. 
WiNANS, David A., Company A, Fourth Regiment New- York Heavy Artillery. 
WORDEN, Amos W., Company E, Seventeenth Regiment Connecticut Infantry 
Volunteers. 

Comrades who have died since the organization of the Post. 

BucHAN.tN, James, Company C, Sixth Regiment New-York Heavy Artillery. 
Blackett, Wellluvi C, Company H, One Hundred and Second Regiment New- 
York Volunteers. 



srrie 



CHAPTER XIII. 

THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 

Its History and Its Work — The Fourth Separate Company 
Fair — Depew Night. 

IN the course of an address at Music Hall, Yonkers, on the even- 
ing of May 30, 1888, William Allen Butler, Esq., who presided 
at the Memorial Service, suggested that "a suitable memorial be 
provided to honor the citizens of Yonkers who placed their lives at 
the service of the Republic, when its existence was imperiled by 
armed Rebellion." 

Cyrus Cleveland, acting upon the suggestion thrown out by the 
Chairman, at once moved that a committee be appointed by the 
Chair, which committee should have power to solicit subscriptions, 
and with the money so subscribed "erect a monument that should 
appropriately express the gratitude of our people for the important 
service rendered to the Nation." 

It was truly remarked at the time, by Mr. Butler, that " all the 
principal towns in our county have honored the patriotic bravery 

22 183 



184 yoxkehs in the uebellion. 

that preserved the Union by the erection of monuments, and that 
while Yonkers sent its full quota to the war, up to this date the 
heroism of its soldiers has been unnoticed." 

On the 12th day of June following, Mr. Butler appointed, "pur- 
suant to the resolution of the meeting held on the evening of Memo- 
rial Day," a committee of twenty-five citizens, "to be known as the 
Yonkers Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Committee," as follows: 
Cyrus Cleveland, J. Harvey Bell, Galusha B. Balch, Ethelbert Bel- 
knap, J. Irving Bui-ns, Thomas C. Cornell, Joseph F. Daly, William 
B. Edgar, Rudolf Eickemeyer, Matt. H. Ellis, Theodore Oilman, 
Charles E, Gorton, William L. Heermance, E. Alexander Houston, 
John Olmsted, Charles R. Otis, Walter H. Paddock, S. Francis 
Quick, Frederic Shonnard, John C. Shotts, James Stewart, War- 
ren B. Smith, Stephen H. Thayer, Edward Underhill, and Charles 
E. Waring. 

In his letter of iii>i>i>iiitiiiciit .Mr. I'.iitlci' wroti': "I havt- endea- 
vored to name citizens wlio, by their dllieial rel;iti<>iis and their 
identification with public ti-usts, and with important business en- 
terprises, will fitly and fully rejiresent the leading interests and 
industries of the city, and whose active cooperation will insure 
the accomplishment of the object of their ajipointment — the erec- 
tion of a suitable monument in memory of the Union soldiers and 
sailors." In concluding, ^Ir. Butler expressed " the hope that this 
movement may enmnieiid itself to the generous sympathy of our 
citizens, and result in the ereetion of a worthy memorial of those 
brave defenders of the Union whom it is our special duty to honor." 

The first meeting of tlie Yonkeks Soldiers' .\xd Saii.oi;s' Mom- 
MENT Association was held at Manor Hall, Wednesilay evening, 
June -Jd, ISHH. Cyrus Ch'velan.l was eleeted President ; ("liarl.'s E. 



THE SOLBIEBS' AND 8AIL0BS' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 185 

Gorton and John C. Shotts were elected Vice-Presidents ; Charles 
R. Otis was elected Treasurer, and E. Alexander Houston Secre- 
tary, of the Association. On motion of Mr. Shotts, the name of 
William Allen Butler was added to the Association. On motion 
of Colonel Heermance, the names of John W. Oliver and J. Gr. P. 
Holden were also added. 

A Finance Committee, consisting of Messrs. Heermance, Shotts, 
Gilman, Cornell, and Shonnard, was appointed by the President. 
Subsequently, a Memorial Committee and a Committee on Site 
were appointed. 

On January 3, 1889, on motion of Colonel Ellis, a resolution was 
adopted providing " that a shaft or column, to cost not less than 
$5,000, be erected in some public place in the city." February 4, 
the Monument Fund amounted to $98. At a meeting held April 1, 
1889, Mr. Cleveland's resignation as President of the Association 
was accepted, and Mr. Gorton was elected President, John C. 
Shotts First Vice-President, and Dr. G. B. Balch Second Vice- 
President. 

On the 6th day of July, 1889, the Committee on Site reported 
that the Common Council had consented that the Monument 
should be placed on the Manor Hall Grounds. The fund had 
reached $432.13. 

At a meeting held November 18, 1889, after a report of the Me- 
morial Committee, a design submitted by George H. Mitchell, of 
Chicago, was accepted by the Association. 

Many meetings followed, and various methods were proposed to 
raise money and progress the work ; some members of the Associ- 
ation resigned, and new members were elected; but little was 
definitely accomplished up to March 3, 1890. At a meeting on that 



186 YONKEUS IN THE liEBELLION. 

evening, on motion of Mr. Oliver, a resolution was adopted provid- 
ing for the appointment of a "Committee of Ways and Means, con- 
sisting of three, of wliich Colonel ITcci-niaiifc shall lie Chairman, to 
appeal for funds and to manage tlie finanees of the Association." 
Vice-President Shotts, who presided at the meeting, appointed 
Colonel William L. Heermance, John W. Oliver, and William F. 
MoUer as such committee. 

From this time forward the work of the Association advanced 
more satisfactorily. The Ways and Means Committee was consti- 
tuted an Executive Committee, with iiHTcasid )io\vcrs. By request 
of Colonel Heermance, and on his motion, Mr. Oliver was made 
Chairman ; and at Mr. Oliver's request, Charles E. Gorton, J. Ir\ing 
Burns, and Joseph F. Daly were added to the Executive Com- 
mittee. Subscriptions to the fund, $5,488.71. 

On July 11, 1890, Charles Henry Butler proposed that if addi- 
tional subscriptions to the Monument Fund, amounting in the aggre- 
gate to ;};l,(i(l(), wciv ]. lodged by July 22, 1890, at twelve o'clock, 
he would (loiiatf tin' proceeds of the lot on the northeast corner 
of Van Cortlandt Park Avcnni' and Lawrence Street, to be sold at 
auction at the New-York Real Estate Exchange, at that time. 
The proposition was accepted. The lot was sold for $1,050, and 
was the means of securing $1,509.50 additional — making a total 
of $2,559.50 for the Monument Fimd through Mr. Butler's offer. 
Among the contributors was Mi's. Helen Veile Tatum, who gave 
$324.38 to complete the $1,000, in the names of her thr.-e little girls 
— Alice, Kuth, and Georgie Perkins. 

At a meeting of the Associalioii held .hily IM. ISIM), .Mr. Oliver 
presented the insci-iptiuns as they appear upon the Monunieiit, 
with a single exeeption, ami after earefnl consideration they wi're 



THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 187 

unanimously adopted. For the inscription on the base of the 
south side of the Monument the words originally recommended 
and adopted were, "Peace Eestored." To gratify what seemed to 
be a general and laudable desire to have some words from General 
Grant upon the Monument, his famous words, "Let Us Have 
Peace," were substituted. 

At the meeting of July 21, 1890, Thomas Astley Atkins was 
appointed Historian of the Association. The contributions had 
reached $8,018.21. 

On Thursday evening, September 25, 1890, the Executive Com- 
mittee met at the residence of John W. Oliver, Chairman, No. 192 
Warburton Avenue, with a view to put the Monument under con- 
tract. There were present Colonel William L. Heermance, William 
F. Moller, Charles E. Gorton, J. Irving Burns, Joseph F. Daly, and 
John W. Oliver, being all the members of the Executive Committee; 
Hon. Norton P. Otis, T. Astley Atkins, John C. Shotts, and Frederic 
Shonnard were present by invitation. George H. Mitchell, of Chi- 
cago, whose plan for the Monument had been accepted, was also 
present by previous an-angement. 

After full explanations from Mr. Mitchell, and free discussion in 
which all present participated, the design was formally approved. 
The following contract was agreed upon, and executed the next day 
in the office of Joseph F. Daly, Warburton Building : 

This agreement, made this 26th day of September, 1890, between George H. 
Mitchell, of the City of Chicago, Cook County, and State of Illinois, of the first part, 
and the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Association of the City of Yonkers, County 
of Westchester, and State of New-York, of the second part, witnesseth : 

That the said party of the first part, in consideration of the covenants on the part 
of the party of the second part hereinafter contained, doth covenant and agi-ee to 
and with the said party of the second part, that he will provide and pay for all the 



188 YOXKEIiS IN THE REIiELLIOX. 

materials, and do the work necessarj' for the construction and erection and com- 
pletion of a Monument in the City of Yonkers, New- York, according to the speci- 
fications and drawings liereto attached and marked A, which form a part of this 
agreement. And that he will erect the said ^Monument in full accordance with 
the said specifications and drawings, for the sum of ten thousand five hundred 
dollars ($10,500) ; which amount shall include the entire cost of the said Monu- 
ment, including the statuary, and its erection in the place designed by the com- 
mittee in charge of said Monument, according to the plans and specifications. 

And the party of the second part, in consideration of the accurate, faithful and 
prompt fulfilment of all the covenants of the said party of the first part, doth cove- 
nant and agree with the said party of the first part to pay to him or his legal 
representatives the said sum of ten thousand five hundred dollars, in the following 
manner, and at the following times : 

First, The sum of seven hundred and fifty dollars ($750) when the Infantry and 
Cavalry models are ready to be cast in bronze, and are accepted by the committee 
of the said Association having the erection of the said Jlonumeut in charge. 

Second, The sum of seven huncb-ed and fifty dollars ($750) when the Naval and 
Artillery models are ready to be cast in bronze, and, with the model of the Standard- 
Bearer, are accepted by said committee. 

'lliird, The sum of twenty-five hundred dollars (.$2,500) when the four bronze 
figures are accepted by the said committee. 

Fourth, The sum of thirty-five hundred dollars ($3,500) when the material of the 
Monument is quairied, and all the workmanship and lettei-ing perfoi-med, and the 
Monument is ready for erection, and accepted by said committee. 

Fifth, The sum of one thousand dollars ($1,000) when the Monument and statu- 
ary are delivered and ready for erection in the City of Yonkers, at such place as the 
said committee shall direct, and in a manner satisfactory to the said committee. 

Sixth, The balance, two thousand dollars (.$2,000), when the said Monument and 
all its parts shall have been completed and erected in its place, according to said 
specifications and plans. 

It is further agreed, by and between the parties hereto, that all material to be 
furnished, and all work to be performed, shall be furnished and done in such a man- 
ner as shall be satisfactorj- to the committee having the erection of sjiid Monimient 
in charge, and that no payments shall be made or become due until the sjiid work, 
in its various parts, is accepted as satisfactory by the said committee. 

It is further agreed, liy and between the parties hereto, that whenever any por- 
tion or part of .said Monument is aecei)t(d and i)aid for by the i)arty of the second 
part, then the part or portion of said Monument shall become the absolute property 



THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 189 

of the said party of the secoud part, and the party of the first part shall, as the said 
part or parts are accepted and paid for, insure in some reliable Insurance Company, 
the part or parts so accepted and paid for, and the policy of insurance shall be in 
the name of, and the loss if any payable to, the party of the second part. 

It is further agreed, that if, for any reason, the said party of the first part should 
refuse or neglect to furnish the proper materials, or perfoi-m the work in the man- 
ner required by the drawings and specifications, then, in that case, the party of the 
second part may do the said work, and finish the same, in the manner provided by 
the drawings and specifications, at the cost of the said party of the first part ; and 
if out of the contract price, after paying for finishing the said contract, a balance 
be left, the said balance shall be paid to the said party of the first part, and if the 
cost of finishing the said work exceed the said contract price, then the said party 
of the first part shall pay to the said party of the second part the amount of the 
said increased cost. 

It is further agreed, that the said party of the first part shall, on the making of 
the payments hereinbefore specified, deliver to the said party of the second part the 
part or parts of the Monument paid for and accepted, in such places as the com- 
mittee in charge of said Monument shall dii-ect, and that the same, when so 
delivered, shall be free and clear from any claim or hens. 

It is further agreed, by and between the parties hereto, that the Monument shall 
be completed and erected in the proper place in the City of Yonkers, in fuU accor- 
dance with the drawings and specifications, on or before the 35th day of May, 1891. 

It is further agreed, by and between the parties hereto, that at any time before 
January 1, 1892, the said party of the first part will, upon request of the party of 
the second part, furnish the material, and erect around said Monument, an inclo- 
sure, according to the plans and specifications submitted, for the sum of twelve 
hundred and fifty dollars ($1,250), to be paid when the said inclosure is erected and 
completed, according to said plans and specifications, around the said Monument in 
the City of Yonkers. 

In witness whereof, the parties hereto have set their hands and seals, the 26th 
day of September, 1890. Signed, 

George H. Mitchell. 



For the Association : J. W. Oliver, 

W. L. Heermance, 
Joseph F. Daly, 
Charles E. Gorton, 
MajoriUj of Committee. 



190 YOXKEHS I.\ THE JihIiELLJOX. 

County of Westchester, » 
City of Yokkers. } 

On this 26th day of September, 1890, before me personally came George H. 
Mitchell, to me known to be the individual described in the foregoing instrument 
as party of the first part, and wlio executed the same, and who acknowledged that 
he executed the same. 

W.M. RiLKY, 

yotdlii J'lihlic. 



SPECIFICATIONS. 

Far a Soldiers'' Monument to be erected in Yonkers, New-York, by the .Soldiers' Monu- 
ment Committee, designed by George H. Mitchell, 24 Adams Street, Chicago, Illinois. 

Granite. — To be of the very best quality of selected dark blue Barre granite, of 
an even color, free from shakes, seams, and all other defects. 

Workmanship of the Monument must be such as to hold the full sizes required by 
the design and specifications ; no patchwork will be accepted ; all beds, builds, and 
joints to be cut fidl, true, and square ; top and bottom faces of all stones dres.sed to 
parallel level and perfectly even surfaces ; all exposed surfaces must be wrought and 
dressed to perfect planes, without elevations or depressions, and to be fine (10 cut) 
bush-hammered work, with all edges sharp, in perfect line, and without flaw ; all 
bevels must be true, and end precisely at vertical line of stone above, as shown in 
plans. All horizontal edges and niolduigs to be perfectly level, at right angles to 
each other, and at whatever horizontal plane they may be measured, the sides shall 
be equidistant fi-om the vertical axis ; and the Monument must be perpendicular 
when erected. Xo stone will be accepted that is inaccurately cut, dressed, or set. 
The Monument throughout must be uniform in color, and the contractor must 
include every and all expense for first-class material and workmanship, until its 
erection upon site in Yonkers, New- York, on or before May 15, 1801. 

Generai, DniENSIONS.— Nine feet sciuarc at base; total height, forty-.-;ix feet from 
foundation to top of standard. 

liUWKK Base. — Nine feet square, one foot ten inches high. 

Seooni) Base.— Seven feet nine inches square, one foot five inches high. 



THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILOES' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 191 

Third Base.— Seven feet square, oue foot four inches high. 
The sides of these three bases to be finished with a fine dressed margin-line, with 
quarry faces, projection or wash on each to be finely ( 



Fourth Base.— Six feet four inches square, one foot five inches high, to be highly 
polished for lettering on four sides, lettei-s raised in sunken panel. 

Die Plinth. — Five feet seven inches square, one foot high, foiu- sides highly 
polished. 

Die.— Five feet seven inches square, thi-ee feet six inches high ; to be cut in one 
piece, each pilaster to be fluted, and front faces to be highly polished, also the four 
sides of the recess on die. 

Cap. — Six feet eight inches square, one foot high, molded on four sides, and 
hammered dressed, except the four plain sides, which wiU be polished. 

Pediment Cap. — Six feet six inches square, two feet two inches high ; on each 
of the fom- sides cut molded pediments to receive statues. On each of the four 
sides appropriate lettering to be nicely and artistically executed ; raised polished 
letters. 

Shaft Plinth. — Thi-ee feet one inch square, two feet four inches high ; to be 
molded on four sides and finely hammered dressed. 

Spire or Shajt. — To measure two feet nine inches square at base, two feet 
three inches square at top, sixteen feet three inches high ; in one stone. All ex- 
posed surfaces to be highly poUshed. 

Capital. — To measure three feet square at base, two feet nine inches high ; to 
be elaborately carved on four sides. 

Statuary.— To consist of five pieces, representing the Infantry Soldier, Sailor, 
Artillery, Cavalry, and the Standard-Bearer on top ; each and all to be from entirely 
new and original designs. The four lower statues to be seven feet high, executed 
from best standard bronze, specimens of the bronze to be submitted to and approved 
by the committee. And the upper statue or Standard-Bearer to measure eight 
feet to the head, and eleven feet to top of standard, to be executed in fine statuary 
granite. All modeling to be first approved by the committee, either by inspecting 
the model itself or by photographs representing the different sides, to be provided 
by the contractor. 
•23 



192 YOXKEIiS JX THE RF.liELLlON. 

Lettering. — All letterinfr to be cut in the polislied surface in plain, sharp, well- 
defined letters. 

Foundation.— The plans and specifications for the foundation of the Monument 
will be furnished by the contractor, and the materials and work will be supplied by 
the Association. 

George H. Mitchell. 

The above contract did not include the drawinjrs for the bronze statues. 



On Monday evening, Octoljev (5, 1890, the gallant Fourth Separate 
Company National Guard of the State of New-York, Captain John 
I. Pruyn, opened a fair in their fine Armory on Waverley Street, 
which continued for eight evenings. It was conducted with excel- 
lent spirit and judgnioiit, proved a center of social attraction for 
the time being, and put the generous sum of $1,652.66 into the 
Monument Fund, carrying the total up to $10,342.72. 

On Monday evening, December 8, 1890, a brilliant audience as- 
sembled in Music Hall, to hear Hon. Chauncey M. Depew deliver an 
oration on "The Men who Saved the Union." Major-General O. O. 
Howard, United States Army, presided. Miss Louise Cowles sang 
"The Star-Spangled Banner," with a chonis of fifty voices, and full 
band aeeonipanimont. Julius Jordan sang " Fair Land of Fri'c- 
doni," with full choru.s and band accompaniment, the words and 
music composed by himself. This not only i)rovided a tlelightful 
entertainment, but put $500 into the Monument Fund, bringing it 
np to $11,026.86. 

On DcccmlH'r 28, tin- Association iiiiiininionsly voted that, when 
the Monuineiit and iiiclosure were coiii|ileteil and jiaid for. tin,' 
proiK'rty should lie presented to the City of Yonkers, providing 
tliat tile city shall consent to assume tlieir proper care in per- 
jietuity. 



THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILOES' MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. 193 

At a meeting of the Association held April 10, 1891, Charles E. 
Gorton was requested to visit the quarry at Barre, Vermont, where 
the granite- work for the Monument was being prepared, and report 
on the progress and character of such work. This mission was per- 
formed to the complete satisfaction of the Association — Mr. Gorton 
reporting that the stone and the workmanship were excellent. 

At this meeting it was determined to appoint a Dedication Com- 
mittee, and Colonel William L. Heermanee, J. Irving Burns, John 
C. Shotts, Judge Matt. H. EUis, and James V. Lawrence were ap- 
pointed by the President as such committee. The contributions 
had reached $11,061.62. 



m^ 



THE TOP STONE. 



STATUE OF THE COLOR-BEARER. 



This noble figure measures ciglit feet to the top of the caji, and 
eleven feet to the top of the eolor. It veiy appropriately surmounts 
the Monument. 

It was sculptured from flue statuary-gTanite at Ryegate, W-ruiout. The 
Color-Bearer stands with cannon and balls at his feet, and is in the act of 
drawing his sword to defend the flag. The position is natural, the expres- 
sion strong. 

The patriotic women of Yonkers furuished the money to pay for this 
statue, and mostly by dollar subscriptious. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

ERECTION OF THE MONUMENT. 

Arrival of the Bronze Statues and Gtranite-Work — Their 
Approval — Laying of the Corner-Stone — The Erection. 

ON Juue 1, 1891, the four bronze statues for the Monument 
arrived in Yonkers from Chicago, where they were cast ; and 
they were stored in the basement of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

On June 2, the granite statue of the Color-Bearer reached Yon- 
kers, on the Hudson River Railroad, from Ryegate, Vermont, where 
it was executed. Two of the Executive Committee spoke for an 
ordinary truck to remove it to Manor Hall Grounds, but when they 
discovered that it was billed at four tons they changed their plan. 

On Thursday evening, Juue 4, a meeting of the Association was 
held in the basement of the Church to view the statues. By invi- 
tation, Alfred Jones, James R. Brevoort, Arthur Parton, and Cap- 
tain W. H. Brownson, U. S. N., were also present. After the most 
careful and critical examination there was but one opinion, and 
that was one of entire and emphatic approval. 



200 Y(LXKKI{S IX rilE KKliKLLIoy. 

At this meeting the resignation of Charles R. Otis as Treasurer 
was accepted, and John W. Oliver, who for some time had been 
acting as Treasurer, was elected to fill the vacancy. 



LAYING OF THE CORNER-STONE. 

The cornei'-stone of the Monument was laid with simple though 
impressive ceremonies on Manor Hall Grounds, on Saturday after- 
noon, June 27, 1891, at five o'clock. 

The members of the Monument Association assembled in the 
office of the Board of Water Commissioners to make the final 
arrangements for the ceremony. Thomas McVicar produced the 
copper box he had made for the corner-stone. The several articles 
provided were deposited in the box, and it was hermetically sealed 
with a soldering-iron in the presence of the Association. 

Kitching Post No. 60, Grand Army of the Republic, Vice-Com- 
mander Augustus Kipp in command ; John C. Fremont Post No 
590, Grand Army of the Republic, Commander Galusha B. Balch 
in command; and the Fourth Separate Company, National Guard 
of the State of New- York, Captain John I. Pruyn in command, 
formed a hollow square about tlie foundation. A vast concourse 
of people filled the grounds and streets, while all the windows 
fronting on the grounds were occupied by interested auditors. The 
Star-Spanglod Banner proudly waved from the flagstaffs of Afanor 
Hall and several of the surroundin.ir l.uiMiii'^s ; iiiid the wliolr pre- 
sented an inspiriting and imjiosing scene. 

PrtH'isoly at five o'clock, the Monument Association, tollowed Ky 
M.ivor Millward find tlic Coininou Council, several of our resi- 



ERECTION OF THE MONUMENT. 201 

deut clergy, City Judge Thayer, School Commissioner Eudolf 
Eickemeyer, Water Commissioner John C. Shotts, William Allen 
Butler, and other representative citizens, marched into the hollow 
square. 

Colonel William L. Heermance, Chairman of the Committee on 
Dedication, directed the services. Rev. Dr. Alvah S. Hobart, pastor 
of the Warburton Avenue Baptist Church, opened the proceedings 
with an appropriate prayer. Music by Harvey's Band followed. 

John W. Oliver announced the contents of the box as follows : 
The Declaration of Independence; Constitutions of the United 
States and of the State of New-York ; Political Register, containing 
the names of those at the head of the National and State Govern- 
ments; New- York World Almanac for 1891; New- York Tribune 
Almanac for 1891 ; American Coins of 1891 ; Charter of Yonkers ; 
Annual Reports of the City Officers ; Rosters of Soldiers who left 
Yonkers to fight for the Union, of the two Grand Army Posts, of 
the Fourth Separate Company, and of the Yonkers Veteran Na- 
tional Guard; Names of the Monument Association; Minutes of 
the Association and of the Dedication Committee; Contract for 
the Monument ; List of Contributors to the Monument Fund ; Dr. 
Cole's Bicentennial Address ; Programme of Depew Night ; New- 
York City and Yonkers papers ; Programmes of Memorial Services, 
1888, 1889, 1890 and 1891 ; Engraving of Manor Hall; Annual Mes- 
sage of Mayor Millward; Grand Army Button; Loyal Legion 
Button ; List of Yonkers Chm-ches and Pastors ; Sanitary Code of 
Yonkers ; Last Printed Report of the Board of Education ; Rules 
and Regulations of the Gi'and Army ; Engraving of James Stewart, 
upon which was recorded the fact that as master-mason he superin- 
tended the laying of the corner-stone ; and Postal Card containing 



202 YONKKRS IX THE UF.BELLION. 

the call of the mectiiif^ of the Monument Association to lay the 
corner-stoue. 

President Go) toil's Afhiress. 

Mr. Gorton was theTi introduced, and said : 

The ceremonies of to-day are brief and simple, Ijecause fittinj:: 
services will soon be held on the occasion of the dedication of the 
Monument ; and it seems unnecessary to hold two elaborate cele- 
brations so close together for substantially the same purpose. 

It has, however, just been suggested that it would be proper for 
me to say a few words at this time when we are near the consuni- 
mation of our efforts, when we are able to mark the time within 
which will be completed a memorial worthy of our city, and, more 
to the purpose, worthy to commemorate the bravery and loyalty of 
the heroes who fought to save the Union. 

The last of the material necessary to complete the work was ex- 
pressed from Vermont, on five cars, on the 24th of this month, and 
ought to be here within two or three days. Unless very improbable 
delays and difficulties arise, the Monument will be finished within 
the next twenty days, and will be dedicated the latter part of July. 
A long time has elapsed since this Monument was begun, but it could 
not be pushed more rapidly, and we confidently ht)i)e that wlien 
you see the completed work you will be convinced that we have 
well and faithfully discharged the duties imposed upon us. 

Although \\ir Civil War riidcd long ago, there was never a time 
more appropiiatf than llif present to rear testimonials to the sol- 
diers and sailors who fought to preserve the Union, when nioiiu- 
jnents are being roareil to lionor tliose wlio were (•(inspieuous for 



ERECTION OF THE MONUMENT. 203 

trying to destroy it. A section of the country is calling for school 
and other histories that shall write down a wicked Eebellion as a 
struggle for liberty, and that shall elevate its leaders on the pedes- 
tals of heroes. 

Time does not change facts. The war was an infamous Rebel- 
lion, seeking to destroy the best of governments, and its leaders 
were traitors and rebels. I do not believe that sectional animosi- 
ties, should be kept alive ; neither do I believe in the effort to per- 
petuate the memories of those who were conspicuous only for their 
efforts to dismember the Nation. Patriotism will not suffer the 
names of the men who fought for the South to be written above 
those who fought that the Union might live. 

This Monument we are about to erect will, we trust, be more than 
a history. It will commemorate the valor of the defenders of their 
land. It wiU also inspire with patriotism those who are to come 
after us. Long hence it will look down on men with hearts as loyal 
and arms as strong as they who went forth to battle from '61 to '65, 
and who, if need be, will dare as much for their country. 

May the Monument that is to rise on this foundation ovei'look, 
for all time, a loyal, united, peaceful people ; and now, in the name 
of the Monument Association, by its authority, and in its behalf, I 
lay this corner-stone, the first stone of the Memorial which is to be 
dedicated to the Soldiers and Sailors of Yonkers who fought to 
save the Union. 



Rev. A. A. Lings, pastor of St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, 
pronounced the benediction, three volleys were fired by the Fourth 
Separate Company, and the corner-stone was declared formally 

24 



204 TOXKEItS IN THE liEBELLIOK. 

laid. At intervals during the ceremony National tunes wei-e flayed 
by Hai-vey's Band. 



THE ERECTION. 

It is proper to state here that the granite-work for the Monument 
arrived in Yonkers on tive cars on June 30, but, owing to un- 
avoidable delays, the erection did not begin by (leorge H. Mitchell 
and the workmen employed by him until July 16, after which there 
was no delay. As block was placed upon block, the beauties of the 
design, the stone, and the workmanship became apparent. Expec- 
tations were high, but they were more than realized as the work pro- 
gressed. On Tuesday, July 21, at twelve o'clock, the Color-Bearer 
was placed in position. On July 23 the Monument was completed 
to the entire satisfaction of the Association and the people, and 
Mr. Mitchell was paid in full on his contract. 

It is worthj' of note, that in the accomplishment of this work 
no accident occurred. When it is stated that the stones handled 
weighed from two to fourteen tons each, the skill of Mr. Mitchell 
and of A. Thompson and his sons of Woodlawn, who assisted him 
will be readily understood. "I have erected a groat many monu- 
ments," said Mr. Thompson, "but I never erected one where the 
stones were so large, and yet so uniformly good." The Executive 
Committee were so well pleased with the manner in which Mr. 
Mitchell completed his contract, that they united in the following 
just tribute: 

To Whom It May Concern : 

As members of the Executive Committee of the Yoiiktrs Soldiers' niul Sailors' 
Monument Association, we wisli, iiersonally and eoUeetively, to rommeud the 



EEECTION OF THE MONUMENT. 205 

integrrity of character, courteous deportment, and artistic taste of George H. 
Mitchell. 

He placed his services at oui- disposal for a consideration far below their actual 
value. He has given us more than his plans promised, and a work of greater ex- 
cellence than we had any reason to expect. His artistic designs, the consummate 
skill he has shown in their development, and his affable bearing, have greatly 
assisted us in the erection of a Monument that stands as an eloquent tribute to 
heroic men who faced the enemies of the Union, and is a permanent adornment 
to our city, surpassing the expectation of critics and eliciting the admiration of 
beholders. 

Yonkers, September 17, 1891. 

J. W. Oliver, 
Chables E. Gorton, 
William L. Heermance, 
J. Irving Burns, 
Joseph F. Daly. 



As it was in the heat of midsummer, and owing to the absence of 
several members of the Association and other citizens whose pres- 
ence was desired, the time of dedication was deferred to Thursday- 
afternoon, September 17, at half-past three o'clock. 



ie 



(^ 





THK MU.M-.MENT ASK KNCLHSIRE. 



CHAPTER XV. 



THE DEDICATION. 



Geeat Concoukse of People — The Decoeations — The Peoces- 
siON — The Music — The Oration — The Original Poems — The 
Unveiling — The Dedicatory Address— The Naval Salute 
— Imposing Seevices and Histoeic Day. 

THURSDAY, September 17, 1891, will long be remembered with 
pleasure by the citizens of Yonkers, for upon that day the 
Monument was dedicated. The glories of early autumn marked 
the festal day. The skies were flecked with fleecy clouds, through 
which the glorious sunlight streamed upon the city ; the air bore 
the delightful flavor of Indian summer. It was an ideal day for 
the grand event — a day which suited exactly the members of the 
Monument Association and thousands of others anxious for favor- 
able weather. The Committee on Dedication had requested Hon. 
Benjamin F. Tracy, Secretary of the Navy, to send a National 
vessel to fire the salute. He promptly and graciously complied, 
and the great war-ship Boston lay at anchor off the city. The citi- 
zens of Yonkers showed their patriotism by displaying flags and 



210 YOXKEKS IX THE HEliKLl.loX. 

drapery from their stores, factories, ami residences; they came out 
in gi-eat numbers to witness the dedication exercises; and, although 
those in the streets about Manor Hall Grounds were densely 
crowded together, they preserved their good nature, and good 
order was the result. 

While no efforts were made to mark the occasion by an elaborate 
parade, the Grand Army Posts, and the Separate Companies of the 
National Guard of New- York State, which were invited by the 
Yonkers Posts and the Fourth Company, combined with the en- 
tertaining organizations, presented a fine body of men, and gave 
the lovers of a procession something that deserved and received 
their admiration. 

At the Monument the exercises went off with astonishing facility, 
and not a fault occurred in any of the details. So prompt and so 
businesslike were the proceedings, that hardly an hour and a half 
of time was consumed. The presiding officer, the orator of the 
day, the reciters of tlie poems, the clergymen, and all who partici- 
pated in any way in the exercises of the afternoon, proved by their 
performance to have been well worthy of selection. 

In view of the very large concourse of people, estimated as high 
as 20,000, and the character and intricacy of the programme, it 
was a matter of general congratulation that everything worked so 
smoothly, and that there was not a mistake from beginning to end. 
In every waj' the occasion was a great one. 



IIIK I'KOCKSSIOX. 

At Imlf-past two o'clock tlic jirocession formed on (ictty Sijuai 
1.1 South iJioaihviiv, un.liT the command of (iran.l Marslial .loh 



THE DEDICATION. 211 

Peutreath, of Kitching Post, with the following Aides : Thomas 
Oliver, of the Fourth Separate Company ; Colonel E. J. Mitchell, 
and William H. Fisher, of Kitching Post ; Charles Von Leliva, of 
John C. Fremont Post ; G. W. Bard, Dr. E. F. Brush, Oliver Dyer, 
William Archer, John Dawson, Colonel Alfred Cooley, Milton Rath- 
burn, D. W. Whitemore, and Colonel Henry Huss. 

FIRST DIVISION. 

Platoon of Police, under command of Sergeant McLaugliKn. 

Grand Marshal and Aides. 

Harvey's Yonkers Baud. 

Marines and Sailors from the United States steamship Boston, with two batteries 

of Gatling guns. Lieutenant Swinburne commanding. 

Kitching Post No. 60, of Yonkers. Senior Vice-Commander Augustus Kipp 

in command. 

Farnswortli Post No. 170, of Mount Vernon, mth Sons of Veterans. Frank M. 

Clark commanding. 

Tarrytown Citizens' Band. 

Ward B. Burnett Post No. 496, of Tarrytown, with Sons of Veterans. Harry J. 

Parnell, Commander. 

Cromwell Post No. 466, of White Plains. Edward B. Long commanding. 

Charles Lawrence Post No. 378, of Port Chester. Charles Fox commanding. 

Flandreau Post No. 509, of New RocheUe. James Ferguson, Commander. 

Doane Post No. 499, of Brooklyn. David W. Lee, Commander. 

Delegation from the Fourth Veteran Cavalry. 

Colored Guards, and others. 

SECOND DIVISION. 

Officers of John C. Fremont Post No. 590, of Yonkers. 

Haverstraw Band. 

Edward Pye Post No. 179, of Haverstraw. General Ira M. Hedges, Commander. 

MorreU Post No. 144, of Sing Sing. Sumner A. Smith, Commander. 

McKeel Post No. 120, of Katonah. Edward Hitt, Commander. 

Peekskill Drum Corps. 

Abram Vosburgh Post No. 95, of Peekskill. George L. Hughson, Commander. 

Fraternity of the Survivors of the Sixth Heavy Artillery. 
John C. Fremont Post No. 590, of Yonkers. Galusha B. Balch, Commander. 



212 YOXKEJiS IX THE liEBELLIOX. 

THIKD DIVISION. 

Twenty-Fii-st Kejjimcnt Band. 

Nineteenth Separate Company, National Guard of the Stat« of New- York, of 

Poughkeepsie. Captain WiUiam Haubennestel In command. 

David's Island Band. 

Eleventh Separate Company, of Mount Vernon. Captain E. J. Kiudler 

commanding. 

Murray's Brass Band, of Yonkers. 

Fourth Stparate Company, of Yonkers. Captain John I. Pruyn loninianding. 

The procession started at half-past two o'clock, aud marched 
through New Main Street to South Bi'oadway, thence northward to 
Nortli Broadway, to Quincy Place, to Warburton Avenue, and to 
Manor Hall Grounds, where the Veterans and Guardsmen took the 
seats provided for them. 

It was an admirable procession of about one thousand men. The 
streets were crowded with people to see it go by, aud the paraders 
encountered a continuous salute of cheers along the whole route of 
the march. Good order was preserved throughout, and every man 
in the long line conducted himself nobly. 



DEDICATION. 

Exercises on Manor JIall (honiuJs. 

The formal dedicatory exercises were begun promptly at lialf- 
past three o'clock, on Manor Hall Grounds. For hours beforehand 
people were on hand to secure good positions for seeing and hear- 
ing, and a very animated scene was presented. The grand stand 
against Warl)urton Building was occu]tied by fully one thousand 
j„.,,pl,._ the West Point Band iiiid tlic chorus ..f alioiit t\v<. Iiuii- 



THE DEDICATION. 213 

dred singers occupying the middle portion. At the extreme front, 
in the center, was the speakers' platform. 

In front of the grand stand were benches occupied by the Grand 
Army Veterans, the National Gruardsmen, and the sailors from the 
ship Boston. A space around the Monument was kept clear, for 
convenience at unveiling. 

There was a dense mass of people around the outskirts of the 
grounds, on the sidewalks, and in the adjoining streets. All avail- 
able windows, porches, balconies, and housetops in the vicinity were 
occupied. At the west of the grand stand several immense Ameri- 
can flags were hung, partly protecting the occupants from the warm 
rays of the sun in the western heavens. About the speakers' plat- 
form a few large and handsome plants, well placed, contributed 
their beauty and grace to the occasion. 



Concert hy The West Point Band. 

Before President Gorton opened the exercises, the West Point 
Military Academy Band gave a concert. Theii" playing was of a 
high order, and their instruments were superb. The harmonies 
were rich, the tones lovely; and the great audience listened with 
pleasure. The leader was Charles E. Moscow. Programme of the 
concert : 

1. Overture — " Dichter und Bauer " Suppe 

2. Selection from " Attila " Verdi 

3. Waltz — " Wiener Boa-Bons " Strauss 

4. " Traumereien " Schumann 

5. Galop — " Alanen " Hertel 

25 



214 YOyKERS IX THE UEBELLIOS. 



The Opeuiuf/ Address . 



After the concert the great audience was called to order, when 
President CTorton delivered the following opening address: 

More than thirty years have passed since the great Q,\\\\ War be- 
gan and the first call for troops was issued. During the early years 
of the war our respected fellow-citizen, John T. Waring, was Presi- 
dejit of the village of Yonkers, and aided and encouraged by his 
patriotic zeal, the in-oniiiieiit men of the town and village came 
forward to give their support in favor of the Union. 

At a hastily assembled town-meeting, seventy-five men volun- 
teered to go to the war — the first Yonkers Companj^ commanded 
by Captain Charles H. Smith. Through the four succeeding years 
the village respomled nolily with men and means to carry on 
the war. 

We have assembled to-day to dedicate this Monument to the men 
of Yonkers who, dui-ing that storjny period, fought to save the 
riiion. This ^Monumciit is enipliatii-ally the people's tribute to loy- 
alty. The individual subscriptions for it have ranged from $l,Or)0 to 
three cents, and through entertainments given in its aid thousands 
have contributed to the success of this enter j>rise. 

We have collected and expended over $11,000. We shall soon 
pulilisli an illustrated History of Yonkers in the Civil War, ami 
there are other things necessary to finish our work. We need 
$2,000 for the.se purpo.ses, and trust your generosity to pr<)viile a 
fitting t'lid for wliat has lieeii so well begun. 



THE DEDICATION. 215 

Wlien the applause that ensued at the close of the address had 
died away, President Gorton proceeded to announce the various 
features of the progi-amme. 

The Opening Prayer. 

After a suitable overture by the Band, Rev. Alexander B. Carver, 
Rector of St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church, offered the fol- 
lowing prayer : 

O God who art the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings 
and Lord of lords, the Almighty Ruler of Nations, we adore and 
magnify thy glorious name for the great things which thou hast 
done for us. We render thee thanks for the goodly heritage which 
thou hast given us, for the civil and religious privileges which we 
enjoy, and for the multiplied manifestations of thy favor toward 
us. Grant that we may show forth our thankfulness for these thy 
blessings by living in reverence to thy Almighty dominion and 
power, by reliance upon thy mercy and goodness, and by obedience 
to thy righteous laws. 

Preserve, we beseech thee, O Lord, the blessings of peace to this 
country, restore them to nations deprived of them, and secure them 
to all the people of the earth. May the kingdom of the Prince of 
Peace come, and, reigning in the hearts and lives of men, unite 
them ill holy fellowship, so that theii* only strife may be, who shall 
show forth with greatest zeal the praises of him who hath loved 
them, and made them kings and priests unto God. 

We implore thy blessing upon all in legislative, judicial, and ex- 
ecutive authority, that they may have grace, wisdom, and under- 
standing, so to discharge their duties as most etfectually to promote 



216 YONKEUS ly THE liEJIKLLlOX. 

thy glory, the interests of true religion and virtue, the safety, honor, 
and welfare of this State and Nation. 

We thank thee that thou didst inspire the hearts, that thou didst 
direct the wills, of the brave men whose heroic deaths we commem- 
orate to-day. Thou art our gi-eat defense in every righteous cause. 
Let thy fatherly care be ever with the soldier and the sailor who 
offer themselves a willing sacrifice for their country's good. And 
(\i> tliou (lirc<-t lis ill our generation in all our ddings with tliy most 
gracious I'avor, and further us with thy continual help, that in all 
our works liegun, continued, and ended in thee we may gloiify thy 
holy name, and finally by thy mercy obtain everlasting life. We 
ask this in the name of him who, when we pray, taught us to say : 
Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name, thy kingdom 
come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive 
those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but 
deliver us from e\al, for thine is the kingdom and the jiower and 
the glory for ever and ever. Amen. 

A chorus of two hundred voices, under tlic direction of Robert 
G. Jackson, sang " Hail, Columbia," witli liand accomjianiment, and 
a fine volume of tone was produced. Among the singers were the 
most talented amateur vocalists in the city. 



J'hi' OidliiDt. 



lion. Oiiaihio i;. i'ottcr, tlic orator of the day, was llu'ii intro- 
leed. and spoke as follows: 



THE DEDICATION. 217 



3Ir. President and Members of the Yonkers Soldiers'' and Sailors^ 
MonHment Association : 

Ladies and Gentlemen — It is most fitting that this dedication 
should occur on the anniversary of the battle of Antietam, the first 
great battle in which the Confederate Army of invasion was de- 
feated and driven back, and by which it was made certain that, at 
whatever sacrifice of life and treasure, the American Union must 
and would be preserved. 

This Monument commemorates the sacrifices of freemen, citizens 
of Yonkers, who put life and property at hazard in support of our 
Union and Government in a most important and decisive ci'isis in 
our country's history. 

The importance of the service is to be estimated, like all human 
action, by results effected, and in view of difficulties under which 
rendered. Let us, in the brief time allowed by the duties of this 
hour, endeavor to estimate justly this service. 

A minority — less than one third — of the States of the Union 
proposed to break up and destroy our Government at their own 
will, and without regard to the rights of the majority of the States 
and their people. 

Our Union was formed by the deliberate action and determina- 
tion of the people of all the original States, after experiences under 
the Confederacy, which was but a voluntary association and coop- 
eration of the States, without central authority acting directly 
upon the citizen, to which direct allegiance and obedience were due. 

The Constitution provided for the indefinite and continued exist- 
ence of the National Union through unbroken and endless succes- 



218 YOyKKIiS IX THE UEliELUON. 

sion of legislative, executive, and other oflBcers, all whom it placed 
under most solemn oath to preserve, protect, and defend this Con- 
stitution. It gave to this Government aU the means by an army 
and navy, and power to support these by taxation, and all other 
means requisite for maintaining, perfoi-miug, and exacting as one 
of the nations of the earth all National obligations and duties, the 
regulation of foreign commerce and of commerce between the 
States, and all power to maintain peace and levy war with all the 
resources of the country. 

This Constitution contained no provision looking ti) its termina- 
tion, or to the dissolution or termination of the Union. No seed of 
moi-tality was pennitted within it. 

After due acceptance and ratification by the several States, the 
National Government, thus complete, entered upon, and for more 
than seventy years exercised, its great powers and functions, 
acting directly upon aU the citizens of the Republic, demanding 
and receiving from them loyalty and obedience, and in return 
securing to each and every State and its people a republican form 
of government, exemption from disturbance, either from otlur 
States or from the outside world, exercising all the powers of na- 
tionality among the nations of the earth, and securing to the people 
of every State peace and self-government at home, and considera- 
tion and respect throughout the world. No nation ever performed 
for its people its great duties of protection and security more bene- 
ficially than these were performed by this Nation from the adop- 
tion of the Constitution until attonptcii secfssion. 

Our Ifrritory, oiii;iuiilly liinitc<l by tlie Mississippi on the West, 
:iii(l by the tliiity-liist ii.ir.ill.l n.-rth latitude «m the South, had 
been exteniied uiidiTllie Nalioiiiil I'uioii till our eoast-lineuiM.ii the 



THE DEDICATION. 219 

Atlantic and the Gulf reached southward to the Eio Grande, and 
our National domain included and embraced the body of this North 
American continent between the thirty-second and forty-ninth par- 
allels on the Pacific, and the twenty-sixth and forty-fifth parallels 
on the Atlantic — more than three times the area of the country 
at the adoption of the Constitution. 

Twenty-one new States within this National domain had been 
added to the Union, each with all the powers, rights, and duties of 
the original States, and each organized, created, and advanced to 
Statehood under and by the Union itself, upon the security of 
permanent protection in self-government as provided in the Na- 
tional Constitution and organized in the whole structure of the 
Government. 

Our population had increased during the Union from about 
4,000,000 to 32,000,000; and our commerce had advanced to the 
first rank among the nations. 

It cannot be denied that the people of these States had enjoyed 
a growth, prosperity, happiness, and security in self-government, 
from the adoption of the Constitution to the attempted secession, 
without a parallel among nations during the same period. 

A patriot statesman of one of the seceding States, than whom no 
brighter star has shone in the galaxy of great men she has con- 
tributed to the country, the late Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia, 
declared before the Legislature of his State and before the country, 
on the eve of secession, and in hope of preventing it, — that the 
condition of the people of that State within the Union was fitly 
symbolized by the happiness and security of the first parents of 
our race in the garden of Eden. Nor did this declaration estrange 
the affections or confidence of his State. She intrusted to him, 



220 YOXKEKS IN THE REBELLION. 

more than to any otluT, lioi- guidance through the darkness of 
secession, and he guided her footsteps and those of her wayward 
sisters in their first return to light, life, aiid lilit-rty in a iireservcd, 
restoi'ed, indissoluble Union. 

But notwithstanding the Union of tliese States was organized as 
a perpetual and indissoluble Government; and notwithstanding 
the obligation to continue the exercise of its gi-eat powers of pro- 
tection and security in self-government for the people of all the 
States had increased with eveiy extension of its ten-itory, and been 
renewed with the admission of each new State to the Union, until 
the people of thirty-four instead of thirteen commonwealths de- 
pended for security in tlicir power of self-government upon the 
faithful performance and exercise of the obligations assumed by 
the Union toward the people of every State, in return for their 
submission and direct allegiance, created and made jierpetual in 
becoming members of the Union; and notwithstanding the un- 
equaled security and liapidnrss of the people of the States under 
the Union; — there lia<l been put forward by subtle statesmen in 
the Southern States the deadly tlnory, fatal if acquiesced in to the 
continuous life of the Union, that each State could at any time it 
might elect withdraw or secede from the Union in the exercise of 
its inherent rights as a State. 

This theory was .sustained by sulitle arguments by cniiniMit stat*'s- 
mcn, and pfi'sistmlly taught tlin.ii.<,di tin' Smith foi- niorr tlian a 
generation, it had gained general, though not universal, accept- 
ance in that part of tiii' I'nion. Tlie general jirosjierity, progress, 
and hajtpiiiess enjoyetl by the people of ail the States within the 
Union had, however, offered no opportunity or temptation to the 
section in wliieh it was entei-taine(l to aet upon tliis llieory. 



THE DEDICATION. 221 

At the adoptiou of the Constitution, and for many years after, it 
cannot be doubted that it was the general expectation and hope 
that the system of slave labor prevalent in the Southern States 
would in due time be superseded, and would disappear. The 
determination in that instrument, of a date before which the 
importation of slaves might not be prohibited, and the great 
dedication by Virginia of vast territory to free labor in the then 
Northwest ceded by her to the Union, place this fact beyond 
question. 

The great stimulus, however, given to this system of slave labor 
by the cotton-gin, and the vast material interests of the slave States 
dependent upon the production and supply of cotton to the world 
by the only system of labor then available and adequate in those 
States, arrested and postponed, if they did not change, this ex- 
pectation and willingness of the South, that in due time the sys- 
tem of slave labor would be superseded. 

It cannot be doubted that at the time secession was resolved upon 
and attempted, a large part, if not a majority, of the people of the 
slave States had come to believe that their system of labor and the 
vast interests then dependent upon it, as well as the structure of so- 
ciety which this system had created, would be safer from disturbance 
or overthrow under a government of their own, in which this sys- 
tem of labor prevailed, than they could be in the Union, in which 
free labor was rapidly becoming, if it had not already become, the 
most powerful factor. 

It may be admitted that the leaders of public opinion in the se- 
ceding States, and the people of those States led by them, by whom 
secession was resolved upon and attempted, were actuated by the 
purpose to provide better security for those States and their system 

26 



•2-22 YOSKEBS IX THE liEliELlAOS. 

of labor and society tliaii tlicy believed could be enjoyed witliiii 
the Union. 

But they took no account of the calamities and desolation which 
secession must bnng upon the other States of the Union, nor 
of the rights of the people of those gi-eat States north of the Ohio 
which had become, since its formation, members of the Union, 
and justly relied for perpetual freedom of commerce by sea upon 
the Mississipi)i and its tributaries, all the navigaVile waters of 
which were within and part of their own country. 

It cannot be claimed for those who led secession, that they were 
animated by the same spirit which sustained the greatest son of the 
South and of Virginia, wlicii he led and suffered with the citizen 
soldiery from all the original States, upon the battle-fields of the 
North as well as South, in the struggle for independence ; or which 
sustained him and his compati'iots through the long twilight of the 
Confederacy, to the clear light and solid ground of the Constitution. 

One day of the patriotism, embracing the whole country, which 
animated Washington and his army. North and South, in that strug- 
gle, iiervadiiig and animating the seceding States, would have furled 
every secession Hag, dissolved the armies of the Confederacy, and 
returned those States to their places within the Union, to adjust 
peacefully theii' grievances there, to the end that the rights of 
every State 1)C jiresei'vod, and the advance of free constitutional 
self-govcniiii.iit \n- lint liiihlcrcd or endangenMl within tlie boun- 
daries of tlic Kt'iiulilic. 

Secession, so far as ac<'oniiilislied, confionti'd tlie National rnioii 
with diflficulties and dangers from wliicli it niiglit w.ll have been 
expected to be exemjit by its founders, but against and for which 
it is <li11i«-ult to see liow tliey .'ould have iirovide<l givatcr safe- 



THE DEDICATION. 223 

guards, or greater powers of overcoming them, within their scheme 
of free constitutional government resting upon and supported by 
self-governed constituent States. 

It created a crisis in our history and Government second in dan- 
ger to none which had before occurred or can hereafter occur. If 
the war for independence had failed, it could have been but for a 
season. The colonies, animated with the purpose of self-govern- 
ment, could not long have remained under the yoke of a Gov- 
ernment three thousand miles distant. If the adoption of the 
Constitution had failed when crowned with success, the Union 
would have been postponed till continued suffering under the Con- 
federacy would have made too clear to be doubted by the people of 
any State the necessity for a National Government operating di- 
rectly upon the citizens of every State, with powers adequate both 
for its own preservation and for securing each State peace and self- 
government within its own territory. But if, after seventy years 
of progress and happiness under the Constitution, this Government 
should fail to be able to protect its own life and continue the exercise 
of the powers and duties for which it had been created, and with 
which it had been intrusted by the people of all the States, not only 
would its own dissolution be accomplished, but all hope for the per- 
manence and extension of constitutional liberty and self-government 
upon this continent, under the scheme devised by Washington and 
his compatriots, would be at an end also. The success of secession 
would of itself demonstrate to the loyal States and to the world 
that oiii- Union, so suflficient for the exercise of National powers 
and duties with other nations, lacked the power of cohesion and 
self-preservation in a dissension between the States of the Union 
themselves. If this Union, cemented by the ties of a common 



224 YuyKEltS IN HIE UKhKI.IAOX. 

struggle for independence, by the experiences of the Confederacy, 
and by seventy years of progress and happiness under the Constitu- 
tion, could iKiw be (lisiiitegi-ated at the "will or passion of a minor- 
itj' of the States, there could remain no hope that any scheme of 
united Government could be devised undeV which free constitu- 
tional self-government could be continued and extended upon tliis 
continent. 

Secession accomi)]isheil would not only remove from the Union 
the .seceded States, but, by establishing the i-ight of each State to 
withdraw at will, would destroy the tie of direct allegiance from 
the citizen of every State to the General Government, upon which 
any Union must necessarily depend for efficiency and permanence, 
and make impossible any Union between the States not exposed at 
all times to destraction at the caprice or passion of a minority of 
the States or a single State. 

Secession, therefore, menaced the Nation with de.struetioii of the 
Government, and, if successful, made impossible any Union or Gen- 
eral Government created to secure the same gi-eat ends. 

The powers of the National Union had been found anijile for 
maintaining peace and conductimr war with the whole resources of 
the country with the outside woild. IWit the test of unity and 
power to which secession called the Union was greater tluin that 
of any or all foreign wars in which the Nation had been or could 
be engaged. The work now made necessary was the i)reservation 
of the Uniou and the <'oii(|uest iiud icstoraliou of the seceded States 
ti> tlieir plares within il. will: the lii^hts of tlie several States unim- 
paired, save as the necessary coiidurt of tlie war whieli secession 
compelled might change them. 

Thi" resources, Itotli of life and treasure, i-e.iuired for tliis work 



THE DEDICATION. 225 

were to be drawn wholly from the States aud people remaining 
steadfast within the Union, while every life to be sacrificed on 
either side was the life of a citizen of the Republic, and all trea- 
sure and property to be expended or destroyed in the contest upon 
both sides were part of the Nation's wealth. Not only were all re- 
sources of the seceded States withdrawn from support of the Union, 
but these were to be combined and hui'led with unsurpassed energy, 
courage, and persistence against the Union arms and territory. 

Past experience of the Government afforded no adequate guide 
to the Executive and Congress through the obstacles and dangers 
with which they were surrounded. The great trust imposed upon 
the Executive of the Nation and those who shared with him the ex- 
ecutive administi-ation, by their oaths of office, to pi'eserve, protect, 
and defend the Constitution of the United States, was fully com- 
prehended by him and them. It imposed the one duty to preserve 
the Government in its integrity throughout the tenutory of the 
Union, in exercise of all its powers, as defined in the Constitution 
and laws made pursuant thereto. Never were men called to fulfil 
gi'eater trusts. How well they did this, a reunited happy Nation 
composed of this great family of forty-four free self-governing 
States, each and aU rejoicing in the strength of the Nation as 
their own strength, sufficiently attests and shall forever attest. 

The part performed by the people of the loyal States, in the field 
and upon the sea, in the army and navy, with whom those whose 
services this Monument commemorates were identified and bore 
an honorable part, is more pertinent to this hour. The services 
commemorated by this Monument were rendered to preserve and 
perpetuate the Union of these States, which is the equal protection 
of the people of all the States. They were rendered by the actors 



22(i YOXKEKS IX THE HF.UKLLIOX. 

•■(juiilly t'(ir tliosi' witli wliom they contended as for themselves and 
their children. It was a service in which brothers and kindred 
must meet eacli ()ther in deadly combat on the field, — the most 
trpng and painful patriots can be called to render for their country. 
Without military organization or a trained soldiery with which to 
meet this crisis, it would have been impossible for the Government 
to preserve and transmit the Union but for the sacrifices and 
services willingly and i)r()nii>tly rendered l»y the citizen soldiery. 
It was essentially ii vuluntcer service, in which citizens left busi- 
ness, home, and family to jx'rform paramount duty to country. 
Such service could only be rendered by a soldiery who understood 
the issue and the object for which they contended. Not a soldier 
fought or fell in the Union army or navy whose arm was not 
nerved liy love foi- American liberty as secured by the Constitution 
and I'liioii, and by the convii-liou that if the riiioii i)erishe(l Ameri- 
eaii liberty would perish with it. Educated in tln' si-liools of their 
several States, citizens of tliese States and of the I'liitcd States, 
they had experienced and knew what American lil)erty was: those 
born elsewhere, who had tasted the liberties of other lands, had 
come also to know the value of American liberty and American 
citizenship by contrast as well as experience. They all — every 
Ciiioii soMicr — knew that this liberty rested for security and ].er- 
iiiaiic-iicc upon the I'liion and Constitution; knew that liy these 
only thfir liiicrtics and rights were enlarged to the whole territory 
of tile Kepublic instead of being confined, as before the Union, to 
the States in which they lived. They were many of them merchants 
and men of Imsiness, and knew well the difference between a single 
State and the Kepultlic as the field of their enterprise and labor. 
Some of tliciu iiad lircii int. Tested or .■nii.l..vrd in foreign roni- 



THE DEDICATION. 227 

mei'ce, aud all of them, whether from field, factory, or couuting- 
room, kuew what the regulation of commerce, interstate and for- 
eign, by thirty-four States, or an indefinite number of competing 
self-protecting Republics, would import for themselves and their 
descendants; knew the importance of having the navigable water- 
ways and avenues of commerce between their own markets, and to 
the ocean, within the territory of their own country. They were 
men whose hopes of success and happiness for themselves and their 
children were dependent upon peace between the States, and with 
the nations of the earth, secured by a power adequate to command 
and maintain it ; and they knew well that such peace could not be 
provided for through thirty-four or any other number of dis- 
united, separate States or Republics, each advancing its own in- 
terests without regard to the interests of the others, but could only 
be assured through the maintenance of the Union with the powers 
of peace and war delegated by the Constitution, resting upon and 
supported by all the resources of the country through the direct 
allegiance of every citizen to the Republic. 

There was not a soldier of the Union army who would have drawn 
his sword against the rights of the people of the seceding States 
under and within the Union. They fought only for the preserva- 
tion of the rights and liberties of the citizens of all the States, North 
and South, under the Constitution and Union.. They fought and, 
when need be, died for the preservation of American liberty as 
created and secured under the American Constitution and Union. 

This liberty, under which the citizen is secured by the power of 
the Nation in self-government in his own State, in freedom with 
the rights of a citizen throughout the whole country, freedom of 
the seas, and protection as an American citizen throughout the 



•2-2H YOSKERS IS THE UEUELI.IOS. 

world, l)y wliicli tlie power of all the States becomes the strength 
of the weakest and of eveiy citizen of the Republic, the soldiers 
and sailors whose services and sacrifices this Monument commem- 
orates had determined, with their great Commander-in-Chief and 
the whole army and navy of the Union, should not perish from the 
earth. It will never perish so long as a free people shall appreciate it. 
It has been said by a foreign statesman, whose oinuious are 
entitled to the highest respect, that, since the war for the preser- 
vation of the Union, "the old and respectable doctrine of State in- 
dependence is now no more than an archaeological relic, a piece of 
historical antiquarianism." This statement, notwithstanding its 
high source, will not be accepted by American statesmen, north or 
south of the Potomac. Since the adoption of the Constitution, the 
right of " State independence" in the exercise of powers delegated 
therein to the General Government has not had any existence ex- 
cept in minds infected with the heresy of secession. Such right, as 
it existed under the confederacy, was exchanged and merged by the 
people of each State, by the adoption of the Constitution, in the 
vastly greater right of exercising such delegated powers jointly 
with the people of all the States, not merely within and upon- their 
own States, but upon and throughout the whole Union, in the whole 
firld of its powers. Xcitlifi- the adoption of tlif <'(>iistitiitioii nor 
IIr' preservation of it aiul tlic Union lessened oi- can lessen iiny 
just rights of the States. Tlie adoption modified by eidarging and 
forever securing them by the power of the Nation. The jireserva- 
tion liy the .services we now conniii'iiiorate ami siieh as ilie-e jilaeed 
beyond doiiht oi- denial the ability of this Union to maintain its ex- 
istence and the full exercise of its great powers for the protection 



THE DEDICATION. 229 

and perpetuation of self-go vei-iiment, under difficulties greater than 
it can ever again encounter. 

The services we commemorate have placed beyond further ques- 
tion the paramount duty of every citizen to maintain the Union 
against all dissensions or dangers, and have furnished the highest 
example of duty and allegiance to which citizens can ever be called. 
It will never again be doubted that maintenance of the Union is 
maintenance of the rights and liberties of the people of the States, 
and that the most valuable of all State rights is that the Union be 
maintained under the Constitution forever. 

As attempted secession for the first time iu our history called into 
exercise the whole powers of the Union, under difficulties which 
can never be surpassed, so the triumphant exercise of these powers 
under such difficulties has forever put an end to doubt of the Na- 
tion's ability and paramount duty to preserve and transmit these 
powers undiminished forever, unless modified as provided in the 
great charter by which they were created and delegated. It will 
never again be contended by statesmen iu any part of the country 
that this Union is less capable than any other government to com- 
mand and enforce obedience and support from every citizen. 

Nor can the exercise of these great National powers endanger the 
liberties of the citizen within the States. They were given, and 
can be exercised, only for the protection and security of these 
liberties. Their strength is the strength of protection surrounding 
each citizen within his own State. These vast powers can be held 
and exercised only by those elected by the people of these States 
from their own numbers and to give effect to their will. The 
people of the States, therefore, have, and will forever have, through 



230 YONKKUS IX THE ItEBELLION. 

their ropreseutatives and elected or ai)ip()iiit('(l agents, control of 
these powers and their exercise. 

Nor is there danger that intentional injustice be done to any 
part or section of the Union. By the living, active participation of 
every State and of every citizen in enactment of its laws and in the 
whole conduct of the General Government, the just interests and 
needs of every section are made known to all, and the interest of 
the representatives of each section to make no precedent of injustice 
which may aften\^ard excuse injustice toward their own, makes cer- 
tain and constant the vigilance of all to permit no injustice toward 
any State or section. " Do unto others as ye would that they should 
do unto you," thus becomes the rule which the interest of all sec- 
tions demands, and must enforce, in this gi-eat brotherhood of States 
toward one another under the Union. Temporary and slight de- 
partures from it there may be, but they cannot be more lasting 
than the tvaiisicnt s('<'tional aiiiliition or passion which may cause 
them. 

Fellow-citizens, what advancement possible for man under hu- 
man government may not be accomplished by the people of these 
States iinder this Union, in obedience to this rule incorporated and 
made self-executing in every fiber of its structure! 

flow, now, shall we estimate the services on land and sea by 
which this Union was })reserved and perpetuated .' Wc may esti- 
mate them l)y results already accomplished. Not only was the dis- 
integration and destruction of the Union ])rev('nted, but its perpetual 
unity and the power and duty to maintain it have been established 
so that they are not likely again to be doubted in this Repul)lic. 
Instead of disintegi-ation and secession, ten new States have already, 
since these were attcnijited, been added to this great brotlierhood of 



THE DEDICATION. 03]^ 

States, each becomiug part of our great National life and power, in 
possession and enjoyment forever of the rights and liberties which 
the Union confers. 

But that conquest is greatest which conquers the hearts not less 
than the arms of the enemy. Fi'om the people of the conquered 
States comes equal evidence of the value of the services by which 
the Union was preserved. Conquered to self-government within a 
preserved indissoluble Union, whose protection and benefit they 
shall forever enjoy equally with their conquerors, it is safe to say 
they will never again be found among its enemies. The only cause 
which estranged them temporarily from the Union was abolished 
in the necessary progress of the war — abolished that the Union 
might live. Henceforth, no interest not in harmony with the 
Union and the great objects for which it was created shall sepa- 
rate these or any other States from its love. 

Whatever estimate we may place upon the services which saved 
and perpetuated this Union, will be increased by posterity so long 
as they shall enjoy its benefits and blessings. As we now build 
higher monuments to those who achieved independence, so shall 
they build higher and whiter to those who secured and transmitted 
American liberty in a pi'eserved indissoluble Union. 

Enthusiastic applause and cheers were given when the orator 
concluded. "America" was then grandly sung by the chorus, 
with band accompaniment. 



232 YOSKEKS IX THE BEBELLION. 



" The Men Who Saved the L'niun.^ 

The next feature of the programme was the recitation of the 
following poem, written for the occasion by S. R. Whitney, of Yon- 
kers. Subject, " The Men Who Saved the Union." Rev. Thomas 
P. McLoughlin, of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, was 
the reciter. His dear, ringing voice and self-possessed manner, 
combined with tlie patriotic sentiments of the excellent poem, pro- 
duced a tine eflfeet. He was enthusiastically applauded, and the 
more telling sentiments wore received also with demonstrations of 
appreciation. 



Now draw aside the cnfoldiiif.' veil 
With bended brow and reverent liand. 

And let a thousand voices hail 
The symbols of a rescued land. 

The bronze and fi^ranite raised to fame 
Shall waste before the touch of years, 

But deathless e'er shall be the name 
Of those who dried the Nation's tears. 

Descend, ye spirits of the brave, 
And walk onc^> more the solid earth, 

Behold the land your valor <rave 
The impulse to a nol)ler birtli. 

No longer is the idle boast 

Of Freedom on lli(> lips of men : 

Now we are free from coast to coast. 
A frreater, better race than then. 



THE DEDICATION. 233 

The cry of Freedom, dying, di-ew 

A mighty host from every side. 
And thousands, who to rescue flew, 

In shock of battle nobly died. 

O holy brotherhood of death ! 

Thy honor none can take away — 
Nor slander tarnish with her breath 

The fame ye gathered in that day. 

It circles all the grateful sphere, 

And men of every chme and race 
Look to our land as doubly dear, 

As Freedom's sm-e abiding-place. 

The Nation's heroes sleep in peace. 

We reap the hai-vest of their toil, 
And year by year the rich increase 

Is garnered from a fi-uitful soil. 

The ground is holy where they sleep. 

And every mound an altar where 
A loyal, grateful people keep 

The flowers of a Nation's care. 

No crowned monarch's sceptered hand 

Has raised a tribute to theii' name, 
But love has reared, throughout the land. 

The stately shafts which speak their fame — 

The annals of our country's pride, 

So written in their deaths and lives, 
That hateful envy ne'er can hide 

The matchless glory that survives. 

They left their plowshares in the field. 

And thrust aside all selfish strife ; 
They nerved theii' brawny arms to wield 

Their swords, to save the Nation's Ufe. 



234 YOSKKRS IX THE l<i:iiKI.LI(jy. 

Through days of toil and nights of pain, 
When darkness lower'd on ev'ry side, 

And bullets fell as drops of rain, 
They saw grim death about them ride. 

Great Lincoln's hand was at the helm. 
And steered the staggering ship of state ; 

No storm could such a heart o'erwhelm — 
In ilanger he was doubly great. 

Thine not the splendid scroll of fame, 
Where blood alone makes glory bright, 

Where virtue hides her head in sliame, 
And wrong is victor over right. 

A priceless boon to us ye gave : 

Ye made the Nation true and strong. 

Ye broke the fetters of the slave. 

And crushed a most oppressive wrong. 

O noble race, it is not least 
Of all the gloi-ies of thy past. 

That love should be tlie great high priest 
To make thy woes a bond so fast. 

terraced town ! thou wast not last 
To send thy heroes to the field. 

Their willing steps were firm and fast. 
Their loyal hearts with courage steeled. 

They bravely fought on land and sea. 

Nor ever turned their backs to foes ; 
They earned thy love by honoring thee 

Wlioro fell the battle's thickest l)lows. 

The tnmiping of your marching feet, 
Tlif wild liuiTah and deafening cheer. 

The piercing life and ilnim's loud beni 
No more shall start the listening ear. 



THE DEDICATION. 235 

No Roman ever more deserved 

Tbe plaudits of imperial Rome 
Than those brave men who freely served 

Our State, and made it Freedom's home 

Deserve of us, for duty done, 

For dangers brav'd through toil and stiife, 
For many battles duly won, 

When on them hung the Nation's life. 

We '11 ever cherish those who fought, 

And to oui- children tell wdth pride, 
Of all the good devotion brought 

When for the Union patriots died. 



Unveilinff the Monument. 

John W. Oliver next escorted Miss Susie Leeds Heermance, 
daughter of Colonel Heermance, to the Monument; and that young 
lady unveiled the granite pile, with the assistance of Thomas 
Oliver, Infantry, and Samuel Lynt, Artillery, of Kitching Post; 
and of David A. Winans, Cavalry, and Moses H. Lester, Sailor, 
of John C. Fremont Post. "Keller's American Hymn" was played 
by the band during the ceremony. As the flags were removed 
from the Monument, and it stood out in all its beauty, unveiled, 
there was hearty and long-continued cheering and applause. 



23tj YOXKEUS IS THE KEHELLIOS. 

The DedUutinfi Address. 

President (xorton tln'ii formally (loflir-ated the Monnnii'ut, as 
follows : 

In all ages iiioiiiuiunts have been erected to commeiiiorate tli.- 
valor of the soldier oi' tlie achievements of the eoiuiueror. They 
have usually marked a single battle-field oi- honored the memory of 
only one man. The memorials of the citizens of oui" Republic are 
in honor of citizens like themselves, who became soldiers in a holy 
cause, and fell for their country, or returned to the peaceful walks 
of civil life in a land saved liy their valor. Li\nng or dead, glorified 
liy the cause of Innnaiiity foi' wlii.'li they fought, they dwell with 
the immortals. They are all alike heroes in the memory of a 
grateful Nation. 

In our affectionate remembrance there is no distinction of rank. 
They stood together as the greatest and noblest army that ever rose 
from the bosom of a Republic to do battle for her defence and for 
the cause of human freedom. The great leaders of that mighty 
host have sunk to rest, and the rank and file that remain are grow- 
ing old, and are swiftly pushing on toward the ford where Lincoln 
and Farragut, Sheridan and Sherman, crossed the river. All too 
soon the rear-guard will liave crossed, ami have left heliind their 
memory and their work. 

To their memory, and to immortal remendiranee, and to that 
work in its completeness, we consecrate this Monument. This As- 
sociation and the people of this fair city dedicate this Monument 
to the memory of "the men of Yoiiker.s who fought \o save the 
rnion." 



THE DEDICATION. 237 

We dedicate it in the solemn belief that under the protection of 
the God of our fathers, whom Lincoln trusted with unwavering 
faith, liberty and union inseparable shall be more enduring than 
this granite pile. 

Tacitus said to the wife and daughter of Agricola, that, like the 
face of man, images of brass and marble were perishable, and he 
bade them remember the qualities of mind and soul, for they 
were everlasting. 

We have built to commemorate the patriotism and valor of those 
brave souls who went forth prepared to make the ultimate sacrifice 
of life for their country. They saved the Union and abolished sla- 
very. The one included the other. Lincoln said in his second 
annual message to Congress, " In giving freedom to the slave 
we assure freedom to the free." 

And so we dedicate this Monument to the men of Yonkers who 
nobly bore their part in the endeavor to make freedom as broad as 
our beautiful laud ; to cement a Union that shall never be broken ; 
to secure peace that shall never be interrupted by domestic discord 
or fratricidal war. 



As Mr. Gorton ceased speaking, the band struck up the tune of 
"Old Hundred," and the Stars and Stripes were raised to the top 
of the Manor Hall flagstaff by Timothy Murphy, of Kitching Post, 
and John H. Lawrence, of Fremont Post, as a signal for the naval 
salute. On the instant the great guns of the Boston thundered out 
their salutation. Just as they were fired, two doves flew over the 
Monument — regarded as an omen of peace. Colonel Matt. H. Eflis 
proposed three cheers for the flag, and they were given with a will. 



238 YOKKEBS IK THE REBELLION. 



^^ Jfo)/or Our Loi/al Men 



The followiug pocin, written for the occasion hy ^Irs. Jennie L. 
Lyall, was recited by Mrs. Eleanor Georgen. Tlic fiiir recitationist 
was neatly attired in white, and looked charming, and her reciting 
was replete with art and grace. Her voice can-ied well, and she 
received hearty ap])lause from an admiring audience. 



Peace reigns — our glorious land is free ! 

In dust lies Slavery's chain ! 
Our honored flag floats proudly now 

From bounding main to main. 

The fields with flowers are bright, to-day, 
Where once our soldiers trod, 

And harvests rich for years have waved 
Above the blood-stained sod. 

On hist'ry"s page are written names 

Of gallant men and true. 
And thousands lie unknown, unsung. 

Who wore the loyal blue. 

Our noble dead ! Witli front of steel 
They met the traitorous blow ; 

And m this earven monument 
Our gratitude we show. 

With iiearts tliat swell with thankful joy 

We these glad tributes bring. 
And l:iy the offerings at his feet. 

Anil hail tlie siililier king! 



THE DEDICATION. 239 

For sweet is the sound of the fife and the drum, 

And sweet is the martial air, 
And merry the tramp of the marching feet, 

When peace reigns everywhere. 
And we love to gaze on the trappings of war, 

And to hear the cannons' blare. 
And smile as the uniformed troops pass by, 

When peace is everywhere. 

Then honor our loyal men and true ! 

And rear the pile on high ! 
And ask God's blessing on the land 

For which they chose to die. 

O Father of Nations, we offer Thee praise! 
Dii-ect and preserve us. Thou Ancient of Days ! 
The land of our love, oh, uphold it in right, 
May Freedom and Equity govern with might. 

The torch that is blazing in Liberty's hand, 
may its pure beams so illumine the land, 
That Virtue and Knowledge shall lead men to see 
That wrong is enslavement, and right liberty. 

May the years, as they mount on the ladder of time, 
See progress advancing to far heights subUme, 
And mankind unshackled, and free from the stain 
Of cruel oppression for greed and for gain. 

And the Union of States, oiu' Nation's great plan. 
May it teach us the lesson— man's fealty to man ! 
Each loyal to each, and one motto for all : 
" United we stand, divided we fall." 



"The Star-Spaugled Bauuer" was then admirably suug, with 
baud accompaniment. 



240 YOyKEl{,'i IX THE UEBELLKjy. 



The Closiuf/ I'raifer. 

Rev. l)i-. .liiliii lit'id, pastor of the First Presbyterian Chureli, 
then oflfered the following? jirayer: 

Almighty and Eternal God, we desire now t(» niidcr unto thee 
our hearty tribute of praise and thanksgi\nng for the divine favor 
which has marked this hour and these exercises. We tliank thee 
for the brightness and the beauty of the day ; for the kindness and 
generosity which have attended its plans; for the success and 
the pleasure which have crowned them all. 

Lord, thou wast the overhanging Rock that sheltered our land 
in tlie time of storm, tlie strong Refuge to which the people fled. 
Still tliou alone ait ( Jod, in whom is all our trust. And we Imnibly 
pray that around this Monument, which we have erected to com- 
memorate the names and deeds of our own illustrious and honored 
soldiers and sailors who fought to save the Union, and because 
we also love liberty and would be courageous in the right — we 
humlily pray that around it there may gather and play those in- 
fluences which will make it a perpetual lesson to our children and 
our children's children unto the remotest generation of the com- 
munity in the midst of whieh it is reared. Reminding us of the 
great cost at which the Nation preserved its purchase, may it teaeli 
us ever to guard her institutions with all holy zeal, and to iiold 
our liV)erty as more than our life. 

And as in this same way the preserved iui>ulilii' .v. lywh.i-e 
honors (he memory and enshi-ines \\u- jialriotism of her sailors 



THE DEDICATION. 241 

and soldiers who fought her battles, we pray that everywhere her 
people may be a li\ing monument to advocate her union and her 
greatness, to advance her usefulness and her glory. 

And now may the presence and the peace of Almighty God, with 
all plenty and prosperity, prevail among you and throughout the 
length and breadth of this land so long as time shall last. Amen 
and amen. 

William J. Bright gave the "taps" by bugle, and then the 
Fourth Separate Company fired three volleys in perfect unison. 
As the gi-eat, happy crowd dispersed, the baud played a lively air. 



IN THE EVENING. 

The Yonkei's Corinthian Yacht Club honored the occasion by a 
grand lantern parade on the Hudson. The boat-house was bril- 
liantly illuminated by nearly three hundred showy lanterns and 
thirty electric lights. Forty boats of various classes were in line, 
bearing one thousand lanterns. Admiral A. J. Prime was in com- 
mand, and the boats moved at half-past eight o'clock. 

The Club House was crowded with spectators. The procession 
went to Ludlow, thence to Grlenwood, and then back to the anchor- 
age. Torches were burned on the yachts, and there was a fine dis- 
play of fireworks off the Club House. The big war-ship Boston 
had its powerful search-lights in operation, and saluted the fleet 
with fireworks and long blasts from her deep whistle. The parade 
was half a mile long. It was viewed by thousands of people along 



242 YONKHHS IS THE RKltELLION. 

the rivei'-frout. After the jtarado daueiug ami refreshmeuts were 
enjoyed in flu- lioat-liunse. 

Never in the liistory of the Palisade Boat Chib did its boat-house 
look prettier than it did on that night, when a reception and dance 
were given in honor of the dedication. Flags of all nations were 
prettily draped about, and lanterns wei"e conspicuous. 

The guests began to an-ive at eight o'clock, and shortly after that 
time two hundred and fifty had assembled. The boat-room was 
used for dancing, all the boats having been taken out. The music 
was furnisheil l>y luomlters of the West Point Band, led by Charles 
E. Moscow. 

The officers of the Boston present wen; : Lieutenant W. A. Ed- 
gar, Ensigns F, J. Haeseler and C. F. Hughes, Pajnuaster I. G. 
Hobbs, and Assistant Engineer E. H. Scribner. 

The handsome costumes of the ladies, the conventional dress suits 
of the gentlemen, and the uniforms of the naval officers made a 
pleasant contrast. Dancing was kept up until al)ont midnight, 
when refreshments were served in the ineefiug-rooin on the second 
floor. 

The committee, who deserve credit for the success of the affair, 
was composed of Edwin M. Jackson, C. P. Marsden, Jr., (". 1. I5el- 
knap, E. E. Bashford, Carroll Moore, Hall B. AVariug, an<l P. B. 
Rossire. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

THE ASSOCIATION'S WORK COMPLETED. 

The Enclosure — The Memorial Volume — All Obligations 
Promptly Met. 

ON the morning after the dedication the Executive Committee 
issued a circular appealing for two thousand dollars to meet 
contingent and dedicatory expenses, the cost of inclosing the 
Monument, &c. Within two hours after the circular was mailed 
the following letter was received : 

Mr. John W. Oliver, Treasurer. 

My Dear Sir: In answer to an appeal from the Executive Committee of the 
Monument Association, received this morning, I take great pleasure in inclosing 
herewith a check toward the completion of the Monument. 

I desire in addition to say that, as a citizen of Yonkers, I owe to your committee, 
and to yourself especially, a debt of gi-atitude of wliich this check is a weak 
expression. The debt remains uncanceled. 

Your persistent and unwearying efforts, overriding every discom-agement fi-om 
your warmest friends, have resulted in the dedication, yesterday, of a most beauti- 
ful tribute of respect to the memory of those to whom we owe so much. 

As a work of art it is an ornament to our city of which all may be proud. As a 
sentiment it will be pointed to with respect in coming years by the descendants of 



244 YOXKEB.S IX THE KEBELLIOS. 

those who clieerfully f^avc up their lives that our Republic might live iutaet and 
undivided. 

As a reminder to those of us who are left of the duty each owes to the community 
in which bis lot is cast, it may, I trust, be of untold value. 

Again, Mr. Oliver and gentlemen of the Executive Committee, I tliank you, and 
tender to you my sincere congratulations in the well-earned reward of all your 
labors. A Citizen of Yoxkers. 



The elieek that accompanied thi.s highly coinplimeiitary letter 
was for $1,000, being the largest iiulividiial subscription made to 
the patriotic work — and a condition of the gift was, that the name 
of the donor should not be published. In exactly one month from 
the time the appeal was made for $lJ,000, the amount was more 
than made up. 

At a meeting of the Association held October 1.'), it was unani- 
mously determined to abandon the plan of inclosing the Monument 
with an iron fence, as had been contemplated, and to substitute 
therefor a granite enclosure designed by Edwin A. Quick & Sou, 
to correspond with the Monument. The Executive Committee 
was authorized to contract for the work. Cost, about $1,000. 

As T.Astley Atkins had completed his task as Historian, Charles 
E. Gorton and .lolin W. Olivci- were appointed to edit and jirepare 
the woi-k fcti-tlic )(rcss,aiiil the ExecutiveConimittee was authorized 
to publish til.' huoU. It iiiorr tliaii |iai(l t'.-v its.-lf. 

The entire expenses of the Association, inchnliiig tlir Moinuiicut, 
the dedication, the enclosure, and the i)nl)lication of this Memorial 
Volume, amounted to $1.5,000; and those intrusted with the respon- 
sibility experience much .satisfaction in bt-ing alilc tn iccoid the 
fact that every o1)ligation was jiromjitly met wiien it brcaiin' due 



CHAPTER XVII. 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



The Association — Its Officers and Principal C'ommittees. 



Abrams, Miss Edna Wilson 
Ackerly, Miss Alice 
Aekerly, Geo. M. Bailey 
Ackerman, Jolm W. 
Ackerman, Mrs. John W. 
Ackerman, William H. 
Adam, Mrs. Thomas 
Adams, George E. 
Admirer of the Monument. 
Affleck, Frank B. 
Affleck, Miss Grace 
Affleck, James 
Affleck, Mrs. James 
Affleck, James G. 
Affleck, William 
Affleck, Mrs. William 
Agne, Henry 
Aii-ey, Miss Florence 
Airey, Miss Iva 
Alexander, Miss Bertha 
Alexander, Miss Grace 
Alexander, James Stewart 
Alexander, John W. 
Alexander, Mrs. John W. 



Alexander, Miss Marion 
Alexander, Miss May 
Alexander, Mrs. Robert E. 
Allen, C. D. 
Allen, WiUiam 
Allison, Rev. Charles E. 
Allison, Robert 
Alton, Mrs. C. D., Jr. 
Alton, Miss Mary Brace 
Alvord, Joseph M. 
Anderson; A. 
Anderson, Albert 
Anderson, Mrs. C. L. 
Anderson, Miss Grace 
Anderson, Henry M. 
Anderson, Robert W. 
Andrews, Mrs. Joseph, Jr. 
Andrews, Mrs. Joseph, Sr. 
Andrus, Hamlin J. 
Andrus, Mrs. Hamlin J. 
Andrus, John E. 
Anstice, Mrs. Henry 
Archard, Mrs. Eliza 
Arcliard, Miss S. E. 



24(i 



YOXKEIiS IN THE REBELLION. 



Archbold, John D. 
Archer, Henry B. 
Archer, Mrs. Henry B. 
Archer, Louis W. 
Archer, Miss S. J. 
Archibald, Andrew 
Armour, J. O. 
Armstrong, Miss Lulu 
Armstrong-, Robbie 
Arrowsmith, Mrs. 
Atkins, T. Astley 
Austin, Miss Eva 
Austin, Miss Minnie 

Backus, John 
Bailey, Miss Fannie Strong 
Bailey, Mrs. William N. 
Baird, Henry M., D. 1). 
Baird, Mrs. Heni-y M. 
Baird, Miss JiUia F. 
Baird, Jliss Margaret 
Baker, Fisher A. 
Baker, Mrs. Fisher A. 
Baker, J. F. 
Baker, J. H. 
Balch, Miss Margaret A. 
Baldwin, Mrs. C. W. 
Baldwin, S. W. 
Baldwin, William 1). 
Baldwin, William H. 
Baldwin, Mrs. William II. 
Ball, Bertran 
Ballard. Arthur 1). 
Banker, Mrs. (Jeorge 
Barclay, Charles G. 
Barclay, Miss Florence A. 
Barclay, Samuel 
Barclay, Mrs. Saiiiufl 
Barker, Byron 
Barnard, A. 
Barnes, Mrs. Jerome 1). 
Barnes, Mrs. R. 
Bartlett, Mrs. H. 
Bashlord, Jlrs. Esther A. 
Bates, ( "Larles P. 
Baxter, Mi-s. A. M. 



Beaudrias, Ali)honso J. 
Beck, Miss Jlinnie 
Beecher, Col. H. D. 
Beemer, James G. 
Beemer, Mrs. James G. 
Behrens, Mrs. B. M. 
Belknap, MLss Athenia A. 
Belknap, Miss A. B. 
Belknap, Mrs. A. J. 
Belknap, Mi-ss Edith B. 
Belknap, Ethelbert 
Belknap, Mrs. Ethelbert 
Belknap, Mrs. William H. 
BeU, Mrs. A. 
Bell, Miss Ida F. 
Bell, Mi-s. J. Christy 
Bell, Mrs. J. Harvey 
BeU, Mrs. John T. 
Benedict, Dr. A. C. 
Benedict. D. 
Bennett, Mrs. James 
Bent, E. M. 
Bereaved Mother. 
Bernstein, J. S. 
Berrian, John. 
Berrian, M. L. 
BeiTie, Mrs. M. H. 
Beutler. William E. 
Beutler, Jlrs. Wm. E. 
B. H. 

Blanchard, Col. B. W. 
Blatzheim, Mi-s. Franz 

Blauvelt, JIi-s. J. 

Bloomingdale Brothers. 

Blute, J. H. 

Hogart, Mrs. R. W. 

Holton, Miss Mary 

Holza, Mrs. A. 

Molza. Miss Bertha 

Booth, Thomas E. 

Howei-s. Henry M. 

Bowei-s, Miss Libbie 

Bowman, Mrs. H. 

Boyd, John A. 

Brady, John 

Bragg, Miss Kni.na L. 



CON TBIBU TORS TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



247 



Bragg, Mrs. H. T. 


Butler, Miss Emilv AUen 


Brennan, John P. 


Butler, Ethan Plagg 


Brennan, Mrs. John F. 


Butler, Miss HaiTiet A. 


Brevoort, Hem-y F. 


Butler, Miss Helen Hays 


Bright, Mrs. John 


Butler, John Crosby 


Brookmeier, Mrs. Charles 


Butler, L. 


Brogan, Mr. 


Butler, LjTuan CoUms 


Brophy, John 


Butler, Miss Mareia Plagg 


Brown, Miss A. G. 


Butler, Miss Maiy L. 


Brown, Mrs. Charles P. 


Butler, William Allen 


Brown, Daniel 


Butler, Mrs. Wm. Allen 


Brown, Mrs. P. 


Butler, William Allen, Jr. 


Brown, Harold 


Butler, Mrs. Wm. Allen, Jr. 


Brown, Mrs. Harold 


Butler, William Allen 3d 


Brown, G. W. 


Bynon, Mrs. Charles P. 


Brown, J. C. 




Brown, Mrs. J. C. 


Caddo, Mrs. Thomas 


Brown, Mrs. J. H. 


Cadwell, Mrs. A. E. 


Brown, Mrs. John P. 


CaUan, Miss M. J. 


Brown, Mrs. William 


Campbell, Mrs. John C, Jr. 


Browne, Dr. Valentine 


Campbell, John 0. 


BrowneU, Mrs. A. S. 


CampbeU, Miss MiUie 


Brownson, Miss Caroline E. 


Canapi, Joseph 


Brownson, Miss Han-iet 


Canapi, Mrs. Joseph 


Brownson, Mrs. Willard H. 


Canavan, Mrs. Vincent 


Bruce, George W. 


Canning, Mrs. Reginald 


Bruce, Miss M. H. 


Cannon, Mrs. James 


Buckman, Mrs. C. M. 


CanteU, Robert 


Burehen, Bamet 


Carey, John 


Burgess, Mrs. David 


Cai-penter, Miss Clara 


Burnett, L. 


Carpenter, Mrs. E. 0. 


Bumham, Alexander 0. 


Carpenter, Miss Fannie H. 


Burnham, Mrs. J. W. 


Cai-penter, Miss Julia E. 


Burns, Mrs. Aphia 


Carpenter, Mrs. Margaret 


Burns, A. G. 


Carr, Mrs. William 


Bums, Arthur J. 


Carroll, WiUiam 


Bums, Miss Gertmde L. 


Cash. 


Bums, Mrs. Edward 


Chadbourn, Mrs. John 


Burns, Miss EHzabeth M. 


Chamberlain, Miss P. G. 


Burns, J. Irving 


Chapin, Charles 


Burns, William 


Chapman, Charles 


Butler, Mrs. Adelaide L. 


Christie, George 


Butler, Charles Henry 


Chystrans, Frederick 


Butler, Mrs. Charles Henry 


Citizen of Yonkers. 


Butler, Charles MarshaU 


City Club. 


Butler, Charles Terry 


Clapp, Mrs. E. M. 



248 



YONKEUS IN THE KEliELLIOX. 



Clapp, Mrs. Howard 
Clapperton, Miss 
CLirk, Miss Alraira 
Clark. Miss Kmiline R. 
Clark, Lucius E. 
Clark, Mrs. Salter S. 
Clarke, J. A. 
Clerkie, Patrick 
Cleveland, Cyrus 
Cleveland, Mrs. Cjths 
Clune, Francis 
Clune, Peter 
Cobb, Miss Bessie 
Cobb. MissC. Schuyler 
Cobb. Mifis Carrie Otis 
Cobl), Miss ( 'ornelia W. 
Cobb, (ieorfre W. 
Cobb, Miss Hazel 
Cobb, Lyniau, Jr. 
Cobb, Mrs. Martha C. 
Cobb, Raffaelle 
Cobb, Raffaelle, Jr. 
Coclirane & Colquhoun. 
Cochran, William F. 
Coffey, John 
Cole, Mi-s. Albert 
Cole, Arthur Martin 
Cole, ('larence Stewart 
Cole. Rev. David, D. D. 
Cole, Mrs. David 
Cole, Frank 
Cole, F. W. 
Cole, J. Wyckoff 
Cole, Mrs. J. Wyckoff 
Coles, Mrs. A. Y. 
Coles, Miss EUa J. 
Coles, Miss EUa Y. 
Coles, Mi-8. E. RussoU 
Collins, Charles 
Collins, Mrs. Charles 
Collins, Mlss Mary Terry 
Color Rearer. 
Columbia. 
Condon. .1. 

Condon. L. R. & Sou. 
Conklin, Mrs. ('luirles 



Connell, E. 
Conniff, P. J. 
Connolly. Jliss Bertha 
Constable, WilUani J. 
Constable, WiUiam P. 
Constable, Mrs. William P. 
Cook, Miss Florence M. 
Cook, Miss Fredericka J. 
Cook, Frederick S. 
Cook, Miss Isabel B. 
Cook, Miss Mary 
Cooley, George 
Cooley, Henry 
Coon, Fred 
Cooper, Daniel J. 
Cooper, Miss Emily L. 
Cooper, Miss Helen E. 
Cooper, S. F. 
Cooper, Samuel Goodsell 
Cooper. Samuel L. 
Copcutt, Miss A. C. 
Copeutt, Mrs. John 
Copcutt, William H. 
Corley, Rev. Charles R. 
Cornell, Mrs. Jane E. 
Cornell. Thomas C. 
Corwin, WilUam F. 
Cor win. W. H. 
Costin, Edward 
Costin, M. 
Com-ter, James C. 
Courtney, John T. 
Courtripht, Theodore 
Couzens, Matthew K. 
Couzens, Jlrs. William S. 
Cojme, J. 

Coyne, Mrs. Mary D. 
Cozzens, Charles L. 
Cozzens, Mrs. Charles L. 
Craig, Mi.'is Annie L. 
Crandall, Mrs. I. H., Jr. 
Crislield. Mr.-s. Charles R. 
Crisfield. Mi.ss Edith 
("rosby, Mi-s. E. H. (Egypt) 
Crosby. Mi.ss 
Crowther, Mrs. Joim 



CONTRIBUTOBS TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



249 



C. S., Junior. 
C. S., Senior. 
Cummings, Frederick 
Cummings, John Wesley 
Curran, Mrs. F. A. 
Curtis, Mrs. Alvin T. 
Cutbill, Miss Amelia 

Dailey, James 
Daly, Mrs. George 
Daly, J. 

Daly, Joseph F. 
Daly, Mrs. Joseph F. 
Danforth, Mrs. C. D. 
Daniels, Miss Beulah 
Deane, Mrs. M. J. 
Dee, Miss B. F. 
Dee, Michael 
Deitzel, August 
Deitzel, Mrs. August 
Delaney, Daniel 
Delaney, R. 
Dennerleia, John C. 
Deviue, John 
Devitt, John J. 
Devitt, Mrs. John J. 
Deyo, Andi-ew 
Deyo, Mrs. Andi-ew 
Deyo, PhiUp A. 
Deyo, Mrs. Philip A. 
Deyo, Miss 
Dick, Mrs. M. E. 
Dickson, Arthur A. 
Dimock, Mrs. Giles S. 
Diusmore, George E. 
Dixon, John 
Dodge, N. Dane 
Dodge, Mrs. Nathan D., Jr. 
Doherty, George 
Doherty, Mrs. E. 
Dolan, Patrick 
Donoghue, Francis X. 
Donohue, Mrs. Bernard 
Douohue, John C. 
Donzel, Miss Emily 
Doolity, John 



Doran, Mrs. D. A. 
Doran, Miss May 
Doren, Mrs. A. W. 
Dorland, Miss C. K. 
Dorney, John 
Doty, Miss Ada L. 
Doty, Leonard K. 
Doty, Spencer C. 
Doty, WiUiam H. 
Doty, Mrs. William H. 
Doyle, Albert 
Doyle, Edward ElUs 
Drinkwater, Walter A. 
Dubois, Mi-s. Lewis 
Ducros, Miss Reine 
Duffy, 0. 

Dunn, Miss Jennie 
Dimn, W. 

Dusenben-y, Mrs. Chas. R. 
Dusenberry, Miss 
Dutton, Mrs. Albert 
Dykes, Mrs. James 

East, John A. 
East, Mrs. John A. 
East, Miss Olive L. 
Edgar, Mrs. Eleanor 
Edgar, Wilham B. 
Ehrenspeck, Hei-man 
Eickemeyer, Miss Appel 
Eickemeyer, Carl 
Eickemeyer, Rudolf 
Eickemeyer, Mrs. Rudolf 
Eickemeyer, Rudolf, Jr. 
Eifert, David 
Ellen, Robert 
EUis, Matt. H. 
Ellis, Mrs. Matt. H. 
Ellsworth, William W. 
Eltiug, Miss Edith 
Elting, Ezekiel J. 
Elting, Mrs. Ezekiel J. 
Eltiug, Miss Laura L. 
Eltiug, Peter J. 
Elting, Mrs. Peter J. 
Ely, W. H. H. 



250 



YOXKERS IN THE HEliELLION. 



Embree, Mrs. John 
Englehart, Georpe 
Eschinann, Miss Elsio 
Eschmann, F. W. R. 
Eschmanu, Mrs. F. W. R. 
Etheradge, Mrs. Jennie 
Evans, W. 
Everson, E. W. 
Ewald, John 
Ewing, Miss Beall 
Ewing. James 
Ewing, Miss Maria 
Ewnng, Mrs. Thomas 
Ewing, William 
Eylers, Charles W. T. 
Eylers, Miss Eva E. 
Eylers, John 
Eylers, John D. 
Eylers, Winifred C. 



Farrington, Benjamin W. 
Farrington, Mrs. Emma L. 
Fairington, Miss Jessie 
FaiTington, Samuel L. 
Fawcett, Mrs. Robert 
Fechteler, Caspar 
Ferguson, Miss Ethel M. 
Ferguson, Miss Isabelle G. 
Ferguson, John H. 
Ferguson. Mrs. loliii H. 
Fiedler. . I iiM us 11. 
Fields. Aii.lnw ( '. 
Fink, H. • 
Fink, Mrs. John H. 
Finnel, William 
Fisher, Miss l.l.i K. 

Fisher, (i !,'. W. 

Fisher, Miss Lillian 
Fisher, Miss Marion 
Fisher, Miss R. L. 
Fisher, Raymond P. 
Fisher, WiHiam H. 
Fisher, Mrs. William H. 
Fiteh, Edward A. 
Filch. Mi.ss Flonncr M. 



Fitch, James S. 
Fitch, Mrs. James S. 
Fitch, Theodore 
Fitzelle, Albert E. 
Fitzelle, Calvin R. 
Fitzelle, Francis A., Jr. 
Fitzelle, Mi.ss Marion G. 
Fitzgerald, C. H. 
Fitzgerald, J. 
Fitzgerald, John 
Flagg. Mrs. Ethan 
Flagg. Miss E. P. 
Flagg, Miss L. W. 
Flagg, Mrs. L. W. 
Flagg, Miss 
Flannery, Patrick J. 
Flannerj', Sirs. Patrick J. 
Flood. Mr.s. Mathias 
Foerst, John 
Foerst, Airs. John 
Fogarty, Mrs. B. M. 
Foley, D. 
Foley, James 
Fones, Miss Slaggie 
Fones, Dr. Robert A. 
Fones, Mrs. S. A. 
Foote, Miss H. D. 
Forsyth, B. A. 
Forsj'th. Miss Fannie E. 
Forsj^h, Miss Marion W. 
Foster, Mrs. Atherton 
Foster, Mrs. E. R. 
Fo.ster, Willard 
Fowler, Arthur Melville 
Fowler, Miss Jennie A. 
Fowler, Mrs. Peter U. 
Frankenberg, Charles 
Frazier, George 
Frazier, Miss Lizzie J. 
Frey. Mrs. B. 
Friend. A (0) 
Friend, A, Richmond, Va. 
Friend, A Loyal 
Friend, A True 
Friend of the Cause. 
Frost. W. T. 



GONTRIBUTOBS TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



251 



Fuhs, Mrs. Catharine 
Fuller, Mrs. Margaret 

Gadsby, Mrs. H. H. 
Gale, Joseph C. 
Garmbrandt, William 
GaiTal)raiidt, William, Jr 
Gan-ison, ;\Irs. Hyatt L. 
Garrison. William fl. 
Garnjost, Miss Edna 
Garnjost, Frederick W. 
Gaid, Theodore 
Gault, Mrs. Eliza 
Geagen, Mrs. William 
Getty House. 
Getty, Miss R. M. 
Gibson, Mrs. J. 
Gilbert, Mrs. J. F. 
Gilbert, Thomas 
Gilman, Theodore 
Gingenbaeh, Mrs. 
Gleason, D. 
Glenwood Social Club. 
Golding, Mrs. Henry 
Goodale, Mrs. J. Warren 
" Good, Will." 
Gordinier, W. E. 
Goi-man, L. 
Gorton, Charles E. 
Gorton, Mrs. Charles E. 
Gorton, James T. 
Gorton, Miss Jessie G. 
Goss, George R. 
Gouch, Frank B. 
Gouch, William T. 
Gould, Mrs. E. Sherman 
Gould, Frank 
Goiild, Jack 
Gould, Miss Lizzie 
Gould, Miss Susan 
Graham, Mrs. A. 
Graham, John 
Graney, William .J. 
Graves, Mrs. Walter 
Green, Miss Ella 
Greenhalgh, Mrs. Joseph 



Greeuhalgh, Miss Mabel 
Gregory, Michael 
Grieve, A. 
Grieve, D. 
Grieve, W. 
Grifflng, Mrs. A. 
Grimmel, Mrs. H. 
Guion, Mrs. H. G. 
Gunn, Miss Nellie M. 
Gwynn, Miss M. 

Haas, Mrs. S. 

Haight, Abram H. 

Hale, J. W. 

Hale, Thomas 

Halliday, A. 

Halliday, Mrs. A. 

Halsey, Mrs. William L. 

Hampson, Mrs. T. E. 

Hanlon, Frank 

Hanright, John 

Harber, Miss EUa 

HarteU, Richard 

Hartshorn & Ingham. 

Harvey, Mrs. James H. 

HateheU, Harry 

Hatfield, Miss Ethel 
Hatfield, John G. 
Hatfield, Mrs. John G. 
Havemeyer, Mrs. A. A. 
Havemeyer, Miss Hamet 
Havemeyer, Mrs. John C. 
Havey, Ambrose S. 
Havey, P. H., Children of 
Hawley, David 
Hayden, Rev. R. M. 
Hayes, Miss May 
Hayward, Samuel 
Hayward, Mrs. Samuel 
Hazard, A. P. 
Hazard, Mrs. A. P. 
Hazard, Mrs. E. J. 
H. B. 

Head, Martin 
Healey, Andrew J. 
Healey, William J. 



YOSKERS IN THE UEliELLIOX. 



Heertuance, Miss Georgie 
Heermance, Miss rielon 
Heernianci-. .Mi^~ .losic 
Heenii;iiiii . Mi-~ K. L. 
Heeriuaiici-. .Mis^ I'aulinc 
Heerniancf, Miss 
Heerniauce, William L. 
Heerniance, Mrs. Win. L. 
" Helping Hand.'" 
Herlihy, Jlrs. John 
Hermance, Mrs. R. M. 
Hermans, Mrs. Joseph 
Henneberger, Mrs. John 
Henry, L. J. 

Hi'pwortb, Miss Constance 
Hci)\v(irth, Miss Gertrude 
lli.-k.y. Miss Minnie 
lli.'k.v. W. p. 
Hi.ks. Henry 1{. 
Hiers, WilUam F. 
Higgins, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Higgins, S. 
Hill'. Mrs. A. 
Hill. Miss S;irah J. 
Hillli.nise,Mrs. M. T. (i. 
H. M. M. 

H.iar. Mrs. William 
Hul,r. Bernard 
11. .I,,-. Hans Moritz 
IL.triiiMM, Mrs. G. 
HolVman, Mrs.W. H. 
Ilog.l. Herbert A. 
Holioiiii, Miss Lilly F. 
Holden, J. G. P.,andfaniily. 
Holden, Miss Mai-y 
Holder, Francis T. 
Holme. William 
Holt, Henry 
Horton. (ieorge W., Jr. 
H.ilcbkiss. E. H. 
Houston. H. Alex. 
ll,,u>l.,M. Mrs. K.Alex. 
il<ni>tiin, Sam\icl 
ll(iust(in. .Mrs. Samuel 
Hover, Joseph 
Howard. I{oliert H. 



Hoy an. E. J. 
Hojt, Colgate 
Hubbard. C. T. 
Hubbard, S. T. 
Hubbell. Mrs. J. W. 
Humason, Virgil P. 
Humasou, Mrs. Virgil P. 
Hunt, E. R. 
Hunt, airs. E. R. 
Hunt, James M. 
Hurd, Mi-s. Asa 
Huston, S. 
Hut«hins, Waldo 

Imhoff, Antony 
In Memoriam. 
In Memory. W. C. R. 
Ipson, A. 

Jackson, Edwin M. 
Jackson, James H. 
Jackson, Mrs. Robert G. 
Jackson, S. J. 
Jackson, William, Jr. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobson, Lewis 
J. B. A. 
Jardine, Grace 
Jardine, John 
Jardine, Mrs. John 
Jardine, Mabel D. 
J., Mrs. C. B. 
Jenkins. Charles 
Jewell, Frederick E. 
Jewell. Raymond A. 
Jewell, Miss Sanih E. 
Jewell, Stephen S. 
John, Miss G. 
Johnson, Alex. B.. Jr. 
Johnson, A. H. 
Johnson, C. W. 
Johnson. John Q. A.. Jr. 
Johnson, William C. 
John.ston, Bernard E. 
Johnstone, Joseph E. 
Johnstone, Richard M. 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



253 



Jones, Alfred 
Jones, Miss Louisa 
Jones, WaiTen Arthur 
Juut;, Mrs. E. 

K. 

Kaek. 

Kaler, George H. 
Kaler, Mrs. George H. 
Kane, Miss Martha T. 
Kane, WiUiam H. 
Kearns, James J. 
Keeler, Miss Adelie F. 
Keeler, John H. 
Keeler, Mrs. John H. 
Keeler, John W. 
Keith, Alexander 
Kellinger, Miss 
KeUock, Mrs. James 
Kellock, Miss Margaret 
Kellock, Mrs. Robert 
Kellogg, Lewis 
KeUogg, S. T. 
KeUogg, William C. 
KeUogg, Mrs. William C. 
Kelly, James 
Kelly, Lawrence J. 
Kemphn, Miss A. 
Kemplin, Miss C. 
KempUn, Miss J. 
Kennedy, James 
Keppel, Frederick 
Keppel, Mrs. Frederick 
Keppel, Mrs. S. 
Kerns, S. P. 
Kerr, George 
Ketcham, Mrs. D. H. 
Ketcham, George E. 
Ketcham, Mrs. George E. 
Ketcham, Miss Lulu 
Keyser, Hem-j- T. 
Kiely, James 
Kiely, Michael A. 
Kiernan, John 
Kilgore, Mrs. R. 
King, Miss Mary Laura 



King, Di'. Nathan 8. 
King, Mrs. Nathau S. 
Kuinan, Arthur P. W. 
Kinnan, Mrs. A. P. W. 
Kinnan, Morris Edgerton 
Kinnan, Mrs. M. J. 
Kipp, Mrs. Augustus 
Kirchoil, Adam 
Kirkwood, Mrs. A. O. 
Kirkwood, A. S. 
Kirkwood, Miss Nelhe 
Kirkwood, Robert O. 
Kirkwood, William R. 
Kito, Feijiro 
Klein, Christian A. 
Knauff, Grant 
Kniffen, Mrs. Adehne 
Kurt. Adolph 

Lally, Thomas J. 
Lancaster, Mrs. James 
Landy, James 
Landy, John R. 
Lane, D. E. 
Lapham, Mrs. E. A. 
Lasher, John K. 
Lasher, Mrs. John R. 
Law, Walter W. 
Lawrence, Arnett Royce 
Lawrence Brothers. 
Lawrence, Mrs. C. E. 
Lawrence, Mrs. J., In Me- 

moriam 
Lawrence, Harry A. 
Lawson, Miss 
Lawson, Miss Cornelia B. 
Lee, Miss 
Lee, Mrs. 

Lee, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Lee, Mrs. WUliam 
LefflngweU, Miss Helen 
LeifingweU, Miss Julia 
Letiingwell, Mrs. Charles R. 
Lent, WiUiam H. 
Leppert, Joseph 
Leslie, Willin.m 



254 



YOKKEhS IN THE liEBELLION. 



Lewis, John 
Lewis, John, Jr. 
Lews, Miss Rebecca 
Lewis, Williau) 
Light, Mrs. Robert B. 
Linehaa, Miss Annie 
Linehan, Jeremiah 
Linehan, John 
Littebrandt. Mrs. -loliii .1. 
Locke, Mrs. Jolm J. 
Loekwood, Arthur J. 
Loekwood, Charles 
Loekwood, Miss F. C. 
Loekwood, Howai'd A. 
Loekwood, Joseph A. 
Loekwood, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Loewenthal, Miss A. 
Loewenthal, Myer 
Loewenthal, Mrs. Myer 
Logan, John 
Logue, Barnard 
Lohr, H. 

Lonergan, Miss Lizzie 
Lonergan, Thomas 
Lonergan, Mi-s. Thomas 
Lord, Howard W. 
Lowerre, George H. 
Loyal Girls of School C. 
Loyal Women. 
Loyalty. 
LjTich, Thomas 
Lyons, Mrs. Herman 

Machin, Mrs. Sarah 
Mackay, George D. 
Maekey, Miss Telia 
Ma<-k,"v, John 
Ma.k..y. W. 
Miickittenek. Mi-s. 
Mail Mild Express, N. Y. 
Mall.iii. Edwanl 
Maiigiii, <'a]>taiM .lnhii 
Many. F. Ileniiau 
M.ips, KdwanlC. 
Martin, Edward 
Martin. (Charles H. 



JIartin, Mrs. Cliarles H. 
Martin, Mrs. C. E. 
Martin, H. 
Martin, James E. 
Martin, Miss liose 
Martine, Miss 
Martling, Miss 
Mellifont, Mrs. A. H. 
Mercer, Mrs. ( 'harl.s T. 
Mester, J. 
Mickel, W. 
Midehin, Andrew 
Middlebrook, W. W. 
Millbank, Mrs. Lsaac 
JliUer, Hiram K. 
Jliller, Jlrs. Joseph 
JliUer, Mrs. W. 
Milliot, Mrs. P. 
Millward, James 
Millward, Mrs. James 
Millward, James, Jr. 
Milne, Jlrs. John 
Mitchell, ('. 
Mitchell, Edward J. 
Mitchell. Jlrs. (ieorge 
Mitchell. Miss Mary E. 
Mitchell, Michael F. 
MofTatt, James 
MolTat, John B. 
Moller, William F. 
Jlontague, Charles H. 
Montague, 51 rs. Charles H. 
Montgomery Club. 
Monument Lot. 
Mooney, Michael 
Moore, Charles H. 
Moore, Miss Edith 
Moore, Mre. Herbert M. 
Moore, Mrs. James, Jr. 
Moore, Mrs. Thomas 
Moore, William 
Moran, James 
Morgan, William M. 
Morgan. Mi-s. William M. 
Morosini, Giovanni 1'. 
Morrill, G. 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE MONUMEI^ 



Morris, Mrs. Edmund Y. 
Morris, John H. 
Morris, Mrs. John H. 
Mon-is, Mrs. Thomas 
Morrison, Thomas 
Morrissey, Thomas F. 
Morse, Miss Edith William 
Morse, G. Livingston 
Morse, Mrs. Gilford 
Mosher, Mrs. Charles W. 
Moshier, Philip 
Mott, Abram C. 
Mott, E. C. 
Mott, Frank Douglas 
Mott, Kenneth 
Mott, WiUiam R. 
Mott, Mrs. WilUam R. 
Mulcahey, .James 
Muldoon, M. 
Muller, Clarence 
Munn, EKjah F. 
MiuTay, C. 
Murray, J. 
Myers, David 
Myers, Mrs. David E. 
Myers, Miss Gertrude 

McAdam, David 
McCarthy, Con 
McCarthy, D. 
McCarthy, Joseph 
McClaury, William 
McCue, Jerry 
McCue, Michael 
McElmeel, Edward 
McFaU, Mrs. L. 
McGarry, George 
McGowan, James 
McGowan, Peter 
McGowan, S. C. 
McGrath, Mrs. Denis, Sr. 
McGrath, Mrs. Denis F. 
McGrath, John T. 
McGrath, Mrs. .John T. 
McGrath, Michael 
McGrath, Richard 



NT FUND. 

McGrath, Mrs. Richard 
McGrath, Thomas 
McKimm, Mrs. William 
McLaughlin, James 
McLoughlin, Rev. T. B. 
McMahon, Thomas 
McMinn, .Tames 
Mclntyre, Miss Amy Adele 
Mclntyi-e, Harold Devoe 
Mclntyre, James D. 
Mclntyre, Mrs. James D. 
McIntjTe, John Chester 
Mclntyre, Miss Mary J. 
Mc Vicar, James 
Mc Vicar, Mrs. James 
Mc Vicar, Thomas 
Mc Vicar, Mrs. Thomas 

Naylor, Miss Frances 
Neidig, George 
Nelson, Miss Matilda 
NeviUe, Robert H. 
Neville, Mrs. Robert 
Newman, Chester W. 
Newman, Howard M. 
Newman, Mrs. Howard M. 
Newman, Miss Madeline 
Nickerson, Mrs. R. 
Nisbet, William F. 
Noble, Miss May 
Nolan, James 
Nolan, Thomas 
Nold, J. 
Northrup, Miss 

Oakley, Mrs. Branson K. 
Oakley, Mrs. David L. 
Oakley, Marvin R. 
Oakley, Mrs. Marvin R. 
Oakley, Mrs. S. D. 
O'Brien, .James 
O'Connor, H. 
Odell, Mrs. James B. 
Offerman, George W. 
Olferman, W. 
O'Leary, Con 



255 



25(j 



YOXKEliS IX THE HEliELUON. 



O'Leaiy, William 
Oliver, Edwin A. 
Oliver, John W. 
Oliver. Mrs. John W. 
Oliver, Jlrs. Thoina.-^ 
< »!iiist.(l. John 
Olmsted. Miss Lucy 
( rXiill. Francis 
0.sl)oni, George W. 
Osterheld, 5Irs. Henry 
Osterheld, Miss Nellie 
Osterheld, Miss Theresa 
Otis, Arthur 
Otis, Mrs. B. A. 
Otis, Bradford R. 
Otis, Charles R. 
Otis. .Mrs. Charles R. 
Otis. Charles R., Jr. 
Otis. Miss Katharine 
Otis. Norton P. 
Otis. Mrs. Norton P. 
Otis, Norton P., Jr. 
Otis, Sidney 
Owens, Mrs. James H. 
O.xholm, Mrs. 

Paddock, Walter H. 
Paddock, Mrs. Walter H. 
Pagan, Miss Edith C. 
Pagan, Miss Ethel Belle 
Pagan, Jliss Grace Estellc 
Pagan, Henry W. 
Pagan, John, Sr. 
Pagan, Mrs. John 
Pagan, John, Jr. 
Pagan & Son 
Palmer, Jlrs. A. J. 
Palmer, Charles Andrew 
Palmer, Charles W. 
Palmer, Miss Heleu 
Palmer, Joseph H. 
Palmer, Mi-s. Josei)h H. 
Palmer, Miss .May W. 
Palmer, Miss 

Pai-son.s, Mi.ss Florence J. 
Parsons, John I). 



Parsons, Miss Josephine F. 
Parsons, William 
Parton. Mrs. Arthur 
Paul. Mrs. Carl W. 
Paul, Grant 
Paul, MLss Mary R. 
Paul, Theodore S. 
Peake, Cyrus A. 
Peek, Mrs. Gideon H. 
Peck, Miss Gladys Anna 
Peck, Percy Stan- 
Peck, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Peckham, George 
Peene, George W. 
Peene, Mrs. George, Jr. 
Peene, Miss Hattie 
Peene, Joseph, Sr. 
Peene, Mrs. Joseph, Sr. 
Peene, Miss Katie 
Peene, Stephen A. 
Peene, Mrs. Stephen A. 
Pentreath, John, Jr. 
Pentreath, Mrs. John 
Percival, Charles W. 
Percival, J. Mortimer 
Percival, W. A. 
Perkins, Miss Alice 
Perkins, Miss Georgia 
Perkins, Miss Ruth 
Perkins, William E. 
Persise. James 
Pfeiffer, Jlrs. Charles 
Pfeiffer, Miss Lizzie 
Phelan, Mrs. Fenton 
PhUUps, Dr. R. Oliver 
PhiUips, Mrs. R. Oliver 
Phillips. Richard Oliver, Jr. 
Pigeon. ]Mrs. 
Pike, Charles 
Pilson, Conway 
Pitkin, Mrs. (J. I). 
I'itkin, Miss Louise I). 
Poole, Mi's. W. • '. 
" Poor Girl." 
Post, Mrs. L. 
Powell. Mrs. ( liarhs K. 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE 3WyUMENT FUND. 



257 



Power, William 
Prendergast, James J. 
Price, Mrs. T. E. 
Prime, Alanson J. 
Prime, Miss Edith 
Prime, Rev. D. "Wendell 
P. Robbie 
Prote, Miss Jennie 
Prote, Mrs. John B. 
Prote, Mrs. John R. 
Prote, J. B. & Son 
Prote, Miss M. L. 
Pruyn, Alma T. 
PrujTi, Captain John I. 
Pubhc School Xo. 1 
Public School No. 2 
Pubhc School No. 3 
Pubhe School No. 4 
PubUc School No. 5 
Public School No. G 
Public School No. 7 
PubUc Spirit 
Pj-ne, Mrs. E. H. 

Quanchi, Mi-s. A. 
Quick. Edwin A. 
Quick, Mrs. Edwin A. 
Quick, Miss Ella F. 
Quick, Frederick N. 
Quick, S. Francis 
Quick, ilrs. S. Francis 
Quick, Wilbur E. 
Quinn, Heni-y J. 

RadcUff, Abram S. 
Radchff, Mrs. Abram S. 
Radford, Mrs. A. A. 
Radford, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Ramage, Mrs. J. 
Rand, Rev. William W. 
RandaU. Mrs. Wesley 
Randolph, Jlrs. C. F. 
Randolph, Miss M. S. F. 
Randolph, Miss 
Ratcliff, William 
Rau, Frederick W. 



Raj-ner, Mrs. George 
Raj-ner, Jlrs. George, Jr. 
Read. .Jacob 
Read, :Mrs. Jacob 
Reagan, Michael 
Redding, John T. 
Reed, Charies 
Reed, J. 

Reeves, Miss Emma 
Reevs, Dr. G. P. 
Reid. Mrs. George C. 
Reid, Miss May 
Reid, Rev. John, D. D. 
Reid, Mrs. John 
RejTiolds, Gideon C. 
Rejmolds, Mi-s. James 
Rhodes, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Richardson, Wilham H. 
Richardson, Mrs. Wm. H. 
Richmond, Fred. Scott 
Rider, A. L. 
Rigby, Franklin A. 
Roach, Miss Nellie 
Roberts, Mrs. Carohne "SI. 
Roberts, R. A. 
Robertson, William 
Robin.son, James 
Robinson, Walter W.. Jr. 
Robinson, Mrs. Walter W 
Rockwell, John W. 
Rockwell, Mrs. John W. 
Rose. JIi-s. A. Middleton 
Ross. John 
Ross. Miss Maggie 
Ross, :Mi-s. Roderick 
Ross, Thomas 
Rowe, Miss Mattie C. 
Rowe, M. F. 
Rowland, Mrs. Charles 
Rowland, Miss Dorothy 
Rowland, John, Jr. 
Rowland, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Rowland, Miss Mary E. 
Rowland, Ralph w" 
Rowland, Mrs. Ralph 
Rowland. Mrs. Wilham 



258 



YOXKER.^ IX THE UKBELLIOy. 



Roys, Charles 
Russell. Patrick 

Sahapian, Asian 
Sandford, Mrs. Thomas 
Sanger, Joseph G. 
Sanfrer, Miss 
Saunders, Alexander 
Saunders, Mrs. Alexander 
Saunders, En'en 
Saunders, Miss Helen M. 
Saunders, Leslie M. 
Saunders, Miss Mary K. 
Sawyer, Mrs. Laura K. 
Scanlan, Thomas 
Scherp, Jacob 
Seherp. Mrs. Jacob 
Schlcssinper, Leopold J. 
Scldobolim. John H. 
Schlobohm, Jlrs. WiUiam 
Schnieckenbecker, Mrs. M. 
Schooninakcr, E. B. 
Schooniuaker, Willie 
Schoix-n, Mrs. Kniil 
Schultz. Mrs. Charles 
Scotland, Miss Isabel 
Scotland, Miss JIarjorie 
Scott, Fred. (Richra'd, Va.) 
Scott, Mrs. W. H. 
Scribner, Miss Florence 
Scribner, G. Hilton 
Scribner. Miss Marfruerite 
Scribner, Miss Marion 
Scribner, Mrs. Sarah P. 
Scriven, J. F. 
Scriven, Mrs. James 
Scruf;ham,Wm.Warburtou 
Seaman, Mrs. A. J. 
See, Alonzo I). 
See, Mi-s. Alonzo D. 
See, Thomas (i. 
See. Mi-s. Thomas (L 
Seliffiiiau, Isaac 
Sene, J. E. 
Servic Club, The 
S. E. S. 



Shannon, P. 
Shaughnessy, James W. 
Shaughnessy, Thomas J. 
Shaughnessy, Mrs. Thos. J. 
Shaw, Edward R., Ph. D. 
Shea, Daniel J. 
Shonnard, Miss Eugenie F. 
Shonnard, Mrs. Frederic 
Shonnard, Horatio S. 
Shonnard, Kennedy 
Shonnard, Ludlow 
Shonnard, Mrs. S. A. 
Shonnard, Miss Sophia S. 
Shotts, Miss Ida 
Shotts, John C. 
Shotts, Mrs. John C. 
Shotts, J. H. M. 
Shotts, Miss Sadie L. 
Shuler, George 
Sickley, Jlrs. Cjtus 
Silkman, Theodore H. 
Silliman, Benjamin 
Simmonds, Jlrs. WUUam 
Simpson, Jlrs. T..uke 
Skerrett. Jacob 
Skillman, Mrs. L. 
Skinner, I^Irs. A. L. 
Skinner, ISIiss Bertha 
Skinner, Mrs. Charles E. 
Skinner, Halcyon 
Slade, James 
Sloan, Robert 
SmaU, Mrs. John C. 
Smalley, William H. 
Smith, Miss Agnes 
Smith, Duncan 
Smith, JILss Eleanor 
Smith, Miss Estelle 
Smith, Mrs. G. C. 
Smith. Miss Lizzie 
Smith, Mrs. Rali.h H. 
Smith, Jliss Tillie 
Smith. Wallis 
Smith, Mrs. Wallis 
Smith. Warren B. 
Smith. William 



CONTRIBUTOES TO THE MONUMENT FUND. 



259 



Snyder, Jlrs. J. B. 
Soetemon, Peter 
Soldier's Daughter 
Somerset, Mrs. S. 
Spear, Miss Edith 
Spear, Mrs. H. 



Spillane, T. 

Stahlnec'ker, Hon. Wni. G 
Stapleton, Miss Tillie I. 
Stan-, G. H. 
Starr, G. M. 
StaiT, H. B. 
Starret, James 
Stengel, Miss Edna 
Stengel, Mrs. Henry 
Stephens, Mrs. L. J. 
Stewart, Arthur 
Stewart, Miss Elsie 
Stewart, George 
Stewart, Mrs. George 
Stewart, George U. 
Stewart, James 
Stewart, Mrs. James 
Stewart, Mrs. James, Jr. 
Stewart, Mrs. James P. 
Stewart, J. & G. 
Stewart, Mrs. K. "W. 
Stewart, Miss M. E. 
Stewart, Miss 
StUweU, Benjamin W. 
Stilwell, Mrs. Benjamin W. 
Stone, Miss Amy S. 
Stone, Mrs. Robert 
Stone, Miss 
Strang, Mrs. F. A. 
Strang, William B. 
Sullivan, A. 
Sullivan, James J. 
Sullivan, John H. 
Sweny, William H. 
Sweeney, Denis 
Swift, Miss Martha 
Swift, Samuel, M. D. 
S. W. H. 
Sykes, Mrs. Lizzie 



Tacoma Social Club. 

TaUmadge, Mrs. G. C. 

Tarbell, John H. 

Tarbell, Miss M. H. 

Tatum, Mrs. H. Viele 

Tatum, Edward 

Taxter, Mrs. David H. 

Taylor, Mrs. Allen 

Taylor, Miss Bessie A. 

Taylor, Miss Carrie 

Thayer, Miss Anna M. 

Thayer, Gordon Gerald 

Thayer, Horace H. 

Thayer, Mrs. Horace H. 

Thayer, Reginald Holdeu 

Thayer, Stephen H. 

Thomas, Walter 

Thomas, Mrs. Walter 

Thompson, D. 

Thomson, John 

Thorne, Miss Anna V. 

Thome, Cleveland May 

Thome, Mrs. Emily C." 

Thorne, Wilham H. 

Tice, .James G. 

Tierney, John 

Tietjen, Christian F. 
Timm, Mrs. Charles F. 

Titlar, W. D. 

Tobin, Thomas 
Tompkins, Mrs. Abram H. 
Tompkins, A. C. 
Tompkins, Mrs. A. C. 
Tompkins, Miss G.J. 
Tompkins, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Tompkins, Mrs. J. M. 
Torphy, Thomas 
Tousey, Sinclair 
Treanor, J. J. & F. P. 
Treanor, Francis P. 
Tremper, George H. 
Tremper, John R. 
Tremper, Mrs. John R. 
Trevor, Henry G. 
Trevor, John B. 
Tripler, Miss 



2G0 



YONKElifi IS THE REBELLION. 



Trotter, R. R., M. D. 
Trow, J. Fowler 
Turner, Thomas 
Tyler, Mrs. Bayard H. 
Tyiueson, Mrs. Eujarene 

UUman, Mrs. August 
Ulrich, Mrs. August 
Ulrieh, Miss Lizzie M. 
Underhill, C. F. 
UuderhiU, Mr.s. C. F. 
Underiiill. F]dwai-d 
UnderhiU. .Airs. Edward 
Underhill, Henry M. 
Underhill, Jackson & Co. 
Underhill, Dr. T. I. 
UuderhiU, Mrs. T. I. 
Underhill, Mi-s. Wilber S. 
Underwood, Mrs. A. L. 
Union. 

Valentine, Mrs. Peter 
Van Houton, Abram R. 
Van Houten, Mi-s. A. R. 
Van Xostrand, Bert 
Van Steenburgh, Mrs. I. 
Van \'orst, Mrs. Seymour 
Varian. Mrs. (". 
Varian, Mrs. M. E. 
Verplanck, Miss Kate A. 
Verplanck, I'liilip 
Verplanck, Mrs. Philip 
Vincent, .1. S. 
Vogel, ('. N. 
Von Storcli. Frederick 

Wadsworth, Mrs. Ansel A. 
Wagner, Miss Bertha 
Wagner, JIi-s. Jolm M. 
Walker, Miss Mabel H. 
Wallace, John 
Wallace, John. Treasurer of 

Foiu-th of .July Parade 
Wallace, Jliss Jlav 
Wallace, Miss N.rta 
Waller, J. F. 



Walsli. Mrs. E. 
Walsh, Michael 
Walsh, Mi-s. Thomas 
Wandell, Jacob 0. 
Ward, Mrs. Clarence 
Waring, Miss Ada R. 
Waring, Arthur B. 
Waring. Charles E. 
Waring, Jlrs. Charles E. 
Waring, Hall B. 
Waring, Mi-s. Jarvis A. 
Waring, John T. 
Waring, Miss Mabel W. 
Waring, Miss Ruth 
Waring, Whitney Newton 
Warren, Mrs. George 
Warren, Jolm S. 
Warren, Mi-s. John S. 
Warren. Mm. S. P. 
Washburn. Mrs. Hannah 
Washburn, W. F.. Jr. 
Washburn, Mrs. W. F. 
Waters, Mrs. L. P. 
Watson, James Albert 
Watt, John 
W. C. R. 

Webb, Mrs. James 
Weeks, 5Irs. Catharine 
Weicht, Theodore 
Weiderhold, C. 
Weller & Welsh. 
Weller, Jliss Grace A. 
Weller, .Mi-s. James H. 
Wellnian, Jliss Grace 
Welsh, John 
Welsh, Mrs. Thomas 
Welsh, Mrs. William 
Westcott, Mrs. A. F. 
Westney. Mi-s. Willi;im 
Wlialen'john J. 
Whalen, Joseph 
Wl.eeler. Charles W. 
Wheeler, Miss Florence E. 
Wheeler. Frank E. 
Wlieeler, Mrs. Lucy 
Whiffler, Jo.soph 



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE MONUMENT EUND. 



261 



White, Miss Emma 
White, Miss MOlie 
Whitney, S. R. 
Widman, Mrs. G. 
Wiggins, Mrs. Lewis H. 
Wilcox, Richard E. 
WilUams, F. C. 
Williams, Mrs. John E. 
Willoughby, Miss M. C. 
WUsou, John 
" Wish It Was More " 
Wood, Edgar F. 
Wood Place Fair. 
Woodruff, Frederick H. 
Woodruff, Thomas 
Worden, Amos W. 
Wordeu, J. Perry 
Wray, George B. 
Wray, Mrs. George B. 



Wray, Miss Mabel V. 
Wray, Miss May 
Wright, Mrs. P. M. 
Wyer, H. S. (Nantucket) 
Wyman, C. Dinsmore 
Wyman, Mrs. C. Dinsmore 

Yerks, Ehjah M. 
Yerks, Mrs. Elijah M. 
Yonkers Club. 
Yonkers Lyceum. 
Yonkers Military School. 
Yonkers Photographic Club. 
Yonkers Police Force. 
Youmans, Edgar W. 
Youmans, Mrs. Edgar W. 
Youmans, Miss F. Zeta 
Young, Mrs. George 



Boys' Branch Young Men's Christian Association. 

Carpenters' and Joiners' Local Union No. 273. 

City Hose Company No. 3. 

Columbia Hook and Ladder Company. 

Columbia Lodge No. 122, Knights of St. George. 

Committee on World's Fair at Van Cortlandt Park. 

Company A, Hibernian Rifles. 

Employees of D. Saunders' Sons. 

Employees of W. F. Washburn Brass and Iron Works. 

Exempt Firemen's Benevolent Association. 

Finishers of the Yonkers Hat Manufacturing Company. 

Fourth Separate Company, N. Y. S. N. G. 

Holsatia Lodge No. 297, D. O. H. 

Hope Hook and Ladder Company No. 1. 

Houston Hose Company No. 6. 

Hudson Hose Company No. 1. 

Irving Hose Company No. 5. 

.John C. Fremont Post No. 590. G. A. R. 



262 YOAKEJiS IX THE UKllKLLIoy. 

Kitchiug Post No. GO. G. A. K. 

Lady Wasliington Enarine Coinpany No. 'J. 

Miss M. I. Bliss and School. 

Members of Boys' Branch Y. M. C. A. 

Mountaineer Engine Company No. 2. 

Nepperhan Lodge No. 736, F. A. M. 

Palisade Hose Company No. 4. 

Proceeds of Children's Parlor Entertainment at Mrs. iSykes's 

Residence. 
Proceeds of Hon. Chauncey M. Depew's Lecture. 
Proceeds of Exhibition of Yonkers Photographic Club. 
Proceeds of Fourth Separate Company Fair. 
Proceeds of Law-n Fete at No. 211 Warburton Avenue. 
Proceeds of Magic Lantern ExhibitioTi at No. 170 Pali.sade 

Avenue. 
Proceeds of Magic Lantern Exhibition by Clarence Muller 

and Arthur Stewart. 
Proceeds of Opera of " Pinafore." 
Proceeds of Punch and Judy Show. 
Proceeds of Wood Place Fair. 
Protection Engine Company No. 1. 
Rising Star Lodge No. 450, F. A. M. 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners. 
United German Societies. 
Veteran National (iuardsmen. 
Viewville Litei-ary Association. 
Westminster Church Young People's Association. 
Yonkers Liiiuor Dealers' Protective Association. 
Yonkei-s Lodge No. 2.32, I. 0. O. F. 
Yonkers Lodge No. 1872, Knights of Honor. 
Yonkers Lodge No. 265, Knights of Pythias. 
Yonkers Rebekah Degree Lodge No. 93. 
Yonkei-s Schuyler Electric Light Company. 
Young Men's Catholic Association. 
Young Men's Clirislinn Assiiciation. 



THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT 
ASSOCIATION, 

AS CONSTITUTED AT THE COMPLETION OF THE WORK. 



Charles E. Gorton, Fresident. 
John C. Shotts aud Galusha B. Balch, Vice-Presidents. 
E. Alexander Houston, Secretary. 
John W. Oliver, Treasurer. 
J. Irving Burns, Willi.^ai Allen Butler, 

WILLL4M L. Heermance, J. Harvey Bell, 

Charles R. Otis, Ethelbert Belknap, 

Joseph F. Daly, Frederic Shonnaed, 

James Stewart, Stephen H. Thayer, 

S. Francis Quick, Edwin A. Quick, 

Wm. Fred. Lawrence, Augustus Kipp 

Edward Underhill, Charles E. Allison 

Matt. H. Ellis, a. O. Kirkwood, 

J. G. P. HOLDEN, WILLI.4JI WeLSH, 

James Millward, Walter Thomas, 

James V. Lawrence, William F. Moller, 

James Sheridan. 



EXECUTR'E COSIiVnTTEE. 

John W. Oliver, Chairman, Charles E. Gorton, 

Joseph F. Daly, Secretary, WiLLLiM L. Heermance, 

J. Irving Burns. 



DEDICATION COMMITTEE. 

William L. Heermance, Chairman, John C. Shotts, 
J. Irving Burns, Secretary, Matt. H. Ellis, 

James V. Lawrence. 



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