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THE 



YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL 



JOURNAL. 



YORKSHIRE ARCHiiOLOGICAL 
JOURNAL. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF 
THE COUNCIL 

©orftsbire Hrcbaeoloaical Society. 



VOL. XVI. 

ilSSC/ED TO MEMBERS ONLY.] 




JOHN WHITEHEAD & SON, ALFRED STREET, BOAR LANE. 



=?=>'?- '=^ -i- o 



f) P- 



^'^ 






PREFACE. 



During the past year this Society, in conjunction with 
the Thoresby Society, has exercised the option, contained 
in their lease, to purchase lo, Park Street, Leeds, where 
both Societies have had their headquarters for some 
years past. The purchase has been made on very 
favourable terms, and it is believed having a permanent 
abode will contribute to the prosperity of the Yorkshire 
Archaeological Society. 

In Volume Sixteen, now completed, the Council hope 
that the majority of the Members will find their several 
tastes catered for, though it is to be regretted that there is 
no article on architecture, and that prehistoric archaeology 
has not received more attention. Our President, Sir 
Thomas Brooke, Bart., F.S.A., has made the Society his 
debtor by writing an account of the circumstances 
attending the foundation of the Huddersfield Archaeo- 
logical and Topographical Association, and of its history 
till the time it became merged into the Yorkshire Archaeo- 
logical and Topographical Society, of which our present 
Society is the representative. The seventeenth century 
genealogist has been placated with another instalment 
of Paver's somewhat arid pages. The account of Ingleby 
Arncliffe shews how much may be written about a small 



VI PREFACE. 

parish, where the family papers have been kept together. 
Mr. S. J. Chadwick's careful account of the Cistercian 
Abbey of Kirklees will, it is hoped, be the commencement 
of a series of monographs on the smaller religious houses 
in the county. Mr. J. Eyre Poppleton's article on the 
Church Bells in the West Riding is an example of 
accuracy and industry. The Yorkshire Pardons and 
Indulgences, edited by Canon Wordsworth, and Archbishop 
Lee's Visitations in 1534-5, afford valuable materials 
for forming an opinion of the state of religion in 
Yorkshire in the century preceding the Reformation. 
The certificates of alleged cures of lunacy by a Wakefield 
quack in 1615 show that quack remedies were as popular 
in the seventeenth century as in the twentieth. 

10, Park Street, Leeds, 
Marchy 1902. 



CONTENTS. 



Preface . 

Contents 

Illustrations 

Addenda and Corrigenda 



FACE 

V 

• • 

Vll 

ix 
xi 



Paver's Marriage Licences (Part XV) 

Excavation at Pule Hill, near 
Marsden . . ^ . 

Bells in the West Riding of York- 

drilRr< • • • • 

Yorkshire Deeds 

Seventeenth Century Builders' Con- 
tracts .... 



Yorkshire Briefs 
Ingleby Arncliffe 

HUDDERSFIELD ArCH/EOLOGICAL AND 

Topographical Association 

Castle Hill, Almondbury 

Certificates of Alleged Cures of 
Lunacy by John Smith, of 
Wakefield, in 1615 

An Eighteenth Century Absolution 

Five East Riding Churches . 



J. W. Clay, F.S.A. . 

E. Kitson Clark, 
F.S.A. 



38 



J. Eyre Poppleton . 46 

John Lister, M. A., and 
William Brown, 
F.S.A. . .108 

114 

121 

Sir Thomas Brooke, 
Bart., F.S.A. . 227 

Sir Thomas Brooke, 
Bart., F.S.A. . 241 

Matthew H, Peacock, 
M.A., B.Mus. . 248 

William Brown, 

F.S.A. . 256 

Alex. D. H. Leadman, 
F.S.A. . 2i^g 



VI. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Chadwiok, Thomas Lan^, M.A., Ashfield House, Dewsbury. 

Chadwick, William, Arksey, Doncaster. 

Chadwyok-Healey, C. B. H., K.C., 10, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, 
London. 

Chalker, Henry, Milnthorpe, Wakefield. 

Chalmers, Rev. A., St. John's Mount, Wakefield. 

Chambers, Harry W., Sharrow Hill House, W^illiamson Road, Sheffield. 

t Chambers, J. Bdmund F., The Hurst, Alfreton. 

Champneys, John E2., Abchurch Chambers, London, E.C. 

* Chapman, J. J., 21, Prince's Street, Hanover Square, London, W. 
Charlesworth, Colonel A. H., Chapel thorpe Hall, Wakefield. 
Charlesworth, John, Smeath House, Horbury. 
Charlesworth, John B., Stradsett Hall, Downham Market. 
Charlesworth, Sidney, Turner Avenue, Bridlington. 
Cheesman, Wm. Norwood, The Crescent, Selby. 
Chestnutt, Major John, Derwent House, Howden, East Yorkshire. 
Childe, Henry Slade, Homegarth, Wakefield. 

t Cholmley, Alfred John, Place Newton, Rillington, York. 

Chorley, C. R., 9, Spring Road, Headingley, Leeds. 

Christie, Rev. J. J., M.A., The Vicarage, Church Fenton. 
t Clark, E2. K., F.S.A., Hon. Librarian, Airedale Foundry, Leeds. 
t Clark, B. T., The Goddards, Cowick, near Snaith, R.S.O., Yorkshire. 

Clark, R. E., Rutland House, Doncaster. 
t Clay, A. T., Holly Bank, Rastrick, Brighouse. 
t Clay, John William, F.S.A., Rastrick House, Brighouse. 

Clay, Miss, 8, Calverley Terrace, Tunbridge Wells. 

Close, John, The Hollies, Dringhouses, York. 

Cocking, J. William, 24, Vance's Chambers, Cloth Hall Street, Hud- 
dersfield. 

t Cokayne, G. E., M.A., F.S.A., Clarencieux, College of Arms, London, E.C. 

Coleman, Rev. F. S., Barwick in Elmete Rectory, Leeds. 

Collier, Rev. Carus Vale, B.A., F.S.A., Burton Agnes, Driffield. 
t Collins, Francis, M.D., Pateley Bridge. 

t Collyer, Rev. Robt., D.D., 49, West 67th Street, New York, U.S.A. 
t Comber, John, Abermaed, Aberystwyth. 

* Comber, Thomas, Leighton Park Gate, Chester. 
CoNNON, John Wreghitt, 15, Park Row, Leeds. 

t Constable, J. Goulton, Walcot, Brigg. 
Cooper, Rev. A. N., M.A., The Vicarage, Filey. 
Cooper, Leonard, Central Bank Chambers, Leeds. 
Cooper, R. E., 8, The Sanctuary, Westminster, S.W. 
Co well. Lady, Clifton Castle, Bedale. 
Crawhall, George, Burton Croft, York. 

* Creykb, Ralph, Rawcliffe Hall, Selby. 
Crosland, Sir Joseph, Royds Wood, Huddersfield. 

t Crossley, E. W., Dean House, Triangle, Halifax. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. VI] . 

Darley, Wm., Kimberley, Nottingham. 

Dartmouth, The Right Hon. the Earl of, PatshuU, Wolver- 
hampton. 

t Darwin, Francis, Creskcid, Arthington, Leeds. 

Davies-Gooke, Philip B., Gwysaney, ^lold. 

Dawson, Lieut. -Col., R.A., Hartlington, BurnFall, Skipton-in-Craveu. 

Dawson, Henry A., Benvenuto, Portarlingtou Road, Bournemouth. 
t Denison, Samuel, 4, St. George's Terrace, Far Headingley, Leeds, 
t Dent, Jno. W., Major, Ribston Hall, Wctherby. 
t Dent, Ralph John, 42, Grey Street, Oatlands, Harrogate. 

Derwent, The Right Hon. Lord, Hackness Hall, Scarborough. 

Devonshire, His Grace the Duke of, K.G., Holker Hall, Cark- 
in-Cartmel, Carnforth. 

t Dickons, John Norton, 22, Park Drive, Heaton, Bradford. 

Dodgson, Joseph, Cookridgc Street, Leeds. 

DoLAN, The Very Rev. Canon Stephen, St. Patrick's, Huddersfield. 

Donne, The Ven. Archdeacon, The Vicarage, Wakefield. 

DuFToN, H. T.. Brockford, Sto\vmarket. 

Dunn, James, The (irange, Carlton, Pontefract. 
t Dyson, George, Springfield Terrace, Marsden, Huddersfield. 

Dyson, George, Salendine Nook, Huddersfield. 

Dvson, Hiram, Salendine Nook, Huddersfield. 

Dyson, Reginald, Salendine Nook, Huddersfield. 
f Dyson, Captain, Sunny Bank, Bridlington Quay. 



ESastwood, John A., 40, Princes Street, Manchester, 
t Eckersley, J. C. Carlton Manor, Yeadoii, near Leeds. 

Bddison, John Bdwin, M.D., G, Park Square, Leeds. 
t Eland, John, 12, New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
t Ellis, Alfred Shelley, 8, The Sanctuary, Westminster, S.W. 

Embleton, Henry C, Central Bank Chambers, Leeds. 
t ESmpson, C. W., 11, Pi lace Court, London, W. 

t EiShelby, Henry D., FS. A., SO, Shrewsbury Roa;l, Oxton, Birkenhea<l. 
• Eyre & Spottiswoode, 5, Middle New Street, London, E.C. 



Fairbank, F. R., M.D., P.S.A., Westcote, Dorking, Surrey. 

Falkingham, C. C, 22, Rue de Dunkerque, Piris. 
+ Fallow, T. M., F.S.A., C'oatham House, Coatham, near Redcar. 
t Farrah, John, Jefferies Coate, York Road, Harrogate. 

Farrer, G. a.. Spring Villa, Brighouse. 

Farrer, John, Oulton, near Leeds. 
* Farrer, William, Martou House, Skiptou. 



Vlll. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

t Federer, Chas. a., 8, Hallfield Road, Bradford. 

Field, Rev. A. S., Ryther Rectory, York. 

FiLLiTER, Rev. G. S., Holgate Lodge, Hemsworth, Wakefield. 

Fison, F. W., M.P., Greenholme, Burley-in-Wharfedale, Leeds. 

Fitzwilliam, The Right Hon. The Earl, KG., Wentworth Wood- 
house, Rotherham. 

Fletcher, A. H. J., Crow Trees House, Rastrick, Brighouse. 

* Fletcher, John Carr, 330, Glossop Road, Sheffield. 

t Ford, John Rawlinson, Quarry dene, Weetwood, Leeds. 

Foster, Rev. C. W., St. Andrew's Clergy House, Grimsby. 

Foster, John, Coombe Park, Whitchurch, Reading. 

FoTHERGiLL, Dr. T. P., Bedale. 

Fowler, C. Hodgson, F.S.A., The College, Durham. 

Fowler, The Rev. J. C, Whorlton Vicarage, Northallerton. 
t Fowler, Rev. Canon, M.A., F.S.A., Bp. Hatfield Hall, Durham. 

Fowler, Rev. Willlam, ^LA., Liversedge, Normanton. 

* Frank, F. Bacon, Campsall Hall, Doncaster. 
Freeman, Walter, Bilton Court, Knaresbo rough. 



Gardiner, Henry Trevor, F.R. Hist. S., Ceylcni Observer, Colombo, 
Ceylon. 

Garforth, W. E., Halesfield, Normanton. 

Garnett, Mrs., Lucan House, Ripon. 

Garnett, Wm., Quernmore Park, Lancaster. 

Gatty, The Rev. Alfred, D.D., Ecclesfield Vicarage, Sheffield, 
t Gatty, Alfred S. Scott, York Herald, College of Arms, London, E.C. 
t Gill, Frederick, 38, John Street, Bedford Row, London, W.C. 
t Gleadow, Frederick, 38, Ladbroke Grove, London, W. 

Glossop, William, Beckett's Bank Chambers, Bradford. 

Graham, Benjamin, Folly Hall, Huddersfield. 

Graham, Sir Reginald, Bart., Norton Conyers, Ripon. 

Grantley, The Right Hon. Lord, Grantley Hall, Ripon. 

Green, Sir Bdward, Bart., Nunthorpe Hall, York. 

Green, Major Herbert G. E., V.D., St. John's, Wakefield. 

Green, Joseph William, Greenholme, Boroughbridge. 

Greenwell, The Rev. Canon, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.S., Durham. 
t Greenwood, John Anderton, Funtington House, near Chichester. 

Greenwood, Mrs. S. E., W^akefield Road, Normanton. 

Greenwood, W., Croy lands. Spring Grove, Isleworth, Middlesex. 

Gregson, William, Baldersby, S.O., Yorkshire. 

Grenside, The Rev. Canon F. R., M.A , Thornhill Rectory, Dewsbury. 

Grenside, The Rev. W. B., M.A., Melling Vicarage, Camforth. 

Gundill, W., The Gas Office, Pontefract. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. IX. 

• Haigh, Charles, 1, Elm Court. Temple, E.C. 

Haigh, John, 6, York Place, Huddersfield. 

t Hansom, Joseph S., 27, Alfred Place West, South Kensington, London, 
S.W. 

t Harding, W. Ambrose, Histon Manor, Cainbs. 

Harker, ^fiss, Harefiold, Pateley Bridge. 

Harland, Henry Seaton, F.S.A., 8, Arundel Terrace, Brighton, 
t Hartley, R. W., 19, Sidney Road, St. Margaret's, Twickenham. 

Hartley, Bernard, Park View, Pontefract. 
t HAR\Ti:Y, William Marsh, 58, Queen's Gate Terrace, Kensington, S.W. 

Hastings, John H., 5, Highfield Place, Manningham, Bradford. 

Haverfleld, F. J., M.A., F.S.A., Christ Church, Oxford. 

t Hawkesbury, The Right Hon. Lord, F.S.A., Kirkham Abbey, 
Yorks. 

Haiwking, John, Ellenthorpe Hall, Helperby, York. 
t Hebblethwaite, Rhodes, Husthwaite, near Easingwold. 

Hellawell, Wm. p.. Croft House, Paddock, Huddersfield. 
t Hemsworth, Rev. Benjamin, Monk Fryston Hall, South Milford, R.S.O. 

Herries, The Right Hon. Lord, Everingham Park, York. 

Hill, Geo. H., Ernscroft, Compstall, Stockport. 

Hill, John Richard, 25, St. Saviourgate, Y'ork. 

Hirst, Frederick, Crown Works, Princes Street, Huddersfield. 
t Hirst, Samuel Bdgar, Crow Trees, Rastrick, Brighouse. 

Hirst, T. Julius, Meltham Hall, Huddersfield. 

HoBKiRK, Chas. C. p., 9, Parish Ghyll Road, Ilkley. 

HoLDKN, W. S., 5, Prince's Park Terrace, Croxteth Road, Liverpool. 
t Holmes, Rev. Henry C, Birkby Rectory, Northallerton. 
t Holmes, Lampley, Hook, Goole. 

Holt, J. M., St. John's, Malton. 

HoRDERN, Isaac, Edgerton House, Huddersfield. 

HoRNE, J. Fletcher, The Poplars, Barnsley. 
t HovENDEN, R., F.S.A., Heathcotc, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 

HowcROtT, Alfred J., Spring Bank, Upper Mill, Saddleworth. 

HowDiLL, Chas. Barker, 7, Oxford Row, Leeds. 

Howes, Rev. A. P., Bolton Abbey, Skipton-in-Craven. 

Howlett, The Rev. Henry, Ackworth Rectory, Pontefract. 

Hudson, H. A., 1, Clifton Terrace, York. 

Hughes, Miss, 2, Belgrave Villas, Huddersfield. 

Hurst, Joseph S., Copt Hewick Hall, Ripon. 

Hutchinson, Dr., Northallerton. 

Hutchinson, The Rev. William, M.A., The Vicarage, Howden. 

Hutton, John, M.P., Solberge, Northallerton. 

Ingham, William, LangciifEe, Settle, Yorkshire. 
Inqilby, Hon. Lady, Ripley Castle, Yorkshire. 



X ILLUSTRATIONS. 

KiRKLEES Priory: — 

Undated Charter of William, Earl Warren . . to face 320 

Undated Grant by John le Fleming . . • » 320 

Tomb of Elizabeth de Staynton, and Fragments of 

other Tombs at Kirklees. . . . „ 322 

Confirmation by Henry III of divers Gifts to the 

Nuns at Kirklees. . . between 322 and 323 

Masons' Marks at Kirklees .... to face 335 

Robin Hood's Tomb and Inscription at Kirklees . „ 336 

Prospect of Kirkleys Abbey . . between 336 and 337 

Grave Cover at Durham .... to face 468 



?Jarhsbirc ^rtbH^olomtal lournal. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. XV. (1899). 

(Part 57). 

PAGE. 

Monumental Brasses in the West Riding Mill Stephenson, B.A., F.S.A. 1 

Journal in 1718-9 of John Warburton, F.R.S., F.S.A. , Somerset Herald ... 61 

Yorkshire Star Chamber Proceedings, Reign of Henry VIII.. 

W. Paley Baildcn, F.S.A. 82 

Inventory of the Goods and Plate belonging to the Chapel of St. Mary 

upon the Bridge of Wakefield in 1498 ... John W. Walker, F.S.A. 92 

Towneley, Widkirk, or Wakefield Plays... Matthew H. Peacock, M.A., B.Mus. 94 

Notes on Yorkshire Churches Sir Stephen Glynne, Bart. 105 

English Rhyme in the Hoiderness dialect written in 1392. 

Rev. Prof. Skeat, I.itt. D. 116 

Note LXVIIT. — Excavations on the site of Almondbury Castle ... ... 118 

,, LXIX. — Additional Note on the Lowthorpe Brass... 119 

,, LXX.— The Waterworks at York in 1682 120 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Monumental Brasses : — 

AUerton Maulevere: . — Sir John Mauleverer, 1400, and wife 

Elianor ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... To face .3 

Birstall. — Elizabeth, wife of Francis Popeley, 1632 ,, 6 

Bradfield.— John Morewood and wife Grace, 1647 ,, 6 

Bolton by Bowland. — Mauuch from the arms of Conyers ... ,, 7 

Cowthorpe. — Brian Rouclyff, Baron of the Exchequer, li94, 

and wife Joan ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ,, 10 

Fountains Abbey.— Casement of Brass of an Abbot, 15th Century ,, 16 

Halifax. — Remains of the Waterhows Brass ... ... ... ,, 19 

Hampsthwaite. — A Civilian ... ... ... ,, 21 

Kirkheaton. — Adam Beaumont, Esq., 1655, and wife Elizabeth ,, 28 

Laughton-en-le-^Iorthen, St. John— John Malevorer, Esq., 

O XOXvl'^v ••• ••• ■•• ••• •>• ••• ■•• ••• ^ J OVy 

Leeds, St. Peter. — Sir John Langton, Esq., 1459, and wife 

J-iUX61111c« ••• ■•• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• J J ij^ 

,, Thomas Clan-ll, Vicar, 1469 ,, 32 

Otley. — Genealogical Plate of the Lyndley and Palmes Family, 

X{^«70 ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ■•• ••• ••• ••• y J OO 

Owston.— Robert de Hatfield, 1409, and wife Ada ,, 38 



Xll. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Mason, Charles Letch, The Hollies, Cliff Road, Leeds. 
McCrea, Arthur S., Warley House, via Halifax. 
Mellor, J. H., Lydgate View, New Mill, Huddersfield. 
Melrose, Jajies, Clifton Croft, York, 
t Mennell, Philip, 8, Addison Road, Kensington, London, W. 
Metcalfe, J. H., Wood Close, Pateley Bridge. 

• Metcalfe, Walter C, 10, Lupus Street, St. George's Square, S.W. 
Meyer, Sel. W\, 13, Bond Street, Leeds. 

Micklethwaite, J. L., Ellangowan, Queen's Road, Harrogate. 
Mioklethwaite, J. T., F.S.A., 15, Dean's Yard, Westminster, S.W, 
MiDGLEY, B. W., Bridge End, Castleford. 
Milne, S. Milne, Calverley House, Calverley, Leeds. 
MiLNES, Edward, Owthorne, Bradford Road, Wakefield. 
t Mitchell, T. Carter, F.S.A., Topcliffe, Thirsk. 
MooDiE, Alfred, 67, East Parade, Hanogate. 

* Moore, Miss Amelia, Dyneley Hall, Bramhope, Leeds. 

t Morkill, J. W., M.A., Newfield Hall, Bell Busk, Leeds. 

MoRRELL. W. W., West Mount, York. 
t Morrison, Walter, Langcliffc, Settle. 

MuNBY, Fred. J., Oaklands, Whixley, York. 



t Nevin, John, Littlemoor, Mirfield, Normanton. 

Newman, The Rev. John, Worsborough Vicarage, Barnsley. 

Newstead, Chris. John, Otley, Leeds. 

Nicholson, Arnold S., South Parade, Wakefield. 

Nicholson, Beckitt, F.S.A., Wath-upon-Dearne, Rotherham. 

t Norfolk, His Graoe The Duke of, E.M., K.G., Arundel Castle, 
Sussex. 

Norton, Thomas, Bagden Hall, Huddersfield. 

Norwood, William, Snow Hill View, Wakefield. 

NussEY, G. L., Ardenlea, Ilkley. 

NussEY, Miss M. L., Potternewton Hall, Leeds. 



Ogden, James Henry, 18, Kingston Terrace, Hopwood Lane, Halifax. 
i Oxley, The Rev. W. H., Petersham Vicarage, Surrey. 



Pape, William, 71, Sholebroke Avenue, Leeds. 
Park, John, Appleton Wiske, Northallerton. 
Parke, G. H., St. John's ViUas, Wakefield, 
t Parker, Major, Browsholme Hall, Ciitheroe. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XUl. 

Parker, The Rev. J. Dunne, LL.D., Bennington Lodge, Stevenage, 
Herts. 

Paiikinson, The Rev. Thomas, North Otterington Vicarage, Northallerton. 

• Patch ETT, Alfred, 37, York Koiid, Birkdale, Southport. 
Peach, Robert, Solicitor, 28, James Street, Harrogate. 

t Peacock, James, 47, West Sunnyside, Sunderland. 

Peacock, Matthew H., M.A., B. Mus., Hon. Treasurer, Grammar School 
House, Wakefield. 

Pearson, The Rev. W. J., Ardwick Lodge, Beverley Road, Hull. 

• Pease, Alfred E., M.P., Pinchiiigthorpe House, Guisborough. 
Pease, Sir J. W., Bart., M.P., Hutton Hall, Guisborough, Yorkshire. 
Pemberton, Richabd L., Hawthorn Tower, Seaham, co. Durham. 
I^LEWs, Harry, Hatfeild House, W^akefield. 

POPPLETON, J. Eyre, Baghill, Pontefract. 

• Portsmouth, The Bishop of, F2dinboro' Road, Portsmouth. 

t Powell, Sir F. S., Bart., M.P., Horton Hall, Bradford, Yorks. 
Price, Edward Septimus, Elmwood Terrace, Huddersfield. 
Priestley, James, Bankfield, Lockwood, Huddersfield. 
Pritchett, J. P., 24, High Row, Darlington. 

Prowde, The Rev. John, M. A., Netherthong Vicarage, Huddersfield. 
PuDSEY, Col. H. F., Crown Terrace, Anlaby Road, Hull. 



Radcliffe, Sir David, Knuwsley, Prescott, Lancashire. 

Ram, Rev. S. A. S., St. Mary's Vicarage, Lowgate, Hull. 

Ramsden, Lieut. -Col. W. J. F., Rogerthorpe Manor, Pontefract. 

\ Ramsden, Sir J. W., Bart., Byram Hall, Ferrybridge, Normanton. 

Ramsdkn, Thomas Ralph, Ropergate, Pontefract. 

Rawle, William Brooke, 230, South Twenty-Second Street, Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania, U.S.A. 

Redmayne, John, Albion Place, Leeds. 

Reynolds, Miss Marian, Clif! Lodge, Hyde Park, Leeds. 
f Richardson, Geo., Wedderburn House, Harrogate. 

Richardson, Henry, Burton Street, Wakefield. 
• Richardson, Wm. R., M.A., Ravensfell, Bromley, Kent. 

Rig BY, Rev. Thomas, Laugh ton Vicarage, Rotherham. 

Ringrose, C. E. L., Northallerton. 

RiPON, The Very Rev. the Dean of. The Deanery, Ripon. 

t Ripon, The Most Hon. The Marquis of, K.G., G.C.S.I., 

Stud ley, Ripon. 

Robinson, Miss K., 25, New-market Street, Skipton. 

Robinson, Percy, 72, Albion Street, Leeds. 

Robinson, W., Greenbank, Sedbergh. 

t Robinson, W. P., 1739, 17th St., Washington, U.S.A. 

RoBSON, The Rev. Wm. Thos., The Vicarage, Kirkby-in-Clcveland, 
Northallerton. 



XIV. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

t RoNKSLEY, J. G., Sale Hill, Sheffield. 
Ross, Rev. J. C, Wadworth Hall, Doncastcr. 
Rowley, Walter, F.S.A., Alder Hill, Meanwood, Leeds. 
RowsELL, The Rev. Walter F., Topcliffe Vicarage, Thirsk. 
Ruck, Captain 0. E., Fulford, York. 

Rush worth, Thomas Henry, Coley Lodge, Ealing, Middlesex. 
Ryder, Robert David, Bank House, Pontefract. 
Rylands, W. H., 37, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, London, W.C. 



t Saltmarsh, Lieut. -Col. P., R.A., R.A. House, Sheemess. 

Sanders, Rev. H., The Priory, Wantage. 
* Sand with, L., Rowlers, Croughton, Brockley. 

Sandys, Major, Fulford House, York. 

Sankey, The Rev. Edward H., The Vicarage, Wragby, Wakefield. 

Saunders, J. V., College View, Hull. 

ScAiFE, ^liss, Ivydene, Queen's Road, Harrogate. 

ScHOLEFiELD, Chas., Gasworks, South Elmsall, Doncaster. 

ScoBY, Lieut. -Colonel, Hobground House, Sinnington, York. 

Scott, Rev. Alex., The Vicarage, Pateley Bridge. 
t Scott, John, Jun., Gargrave Road, Skipton. 
t Scott, Joseph, 98, Albion Street, Leeds. 

Sellers, H. B., 11, Granby Road, Harrogate. 

Shaw, Chas. Fred., Talbot Street, Batley. 

Shaw, The Rev. W. F., D.D., F.S.A., St. Andrew's Vicarage, Huddersfield, 
t Sheard, Michael, Sutton House, Sutton, Isle of Ely, Cambs. 

Shuffrey, The Rev. William Arthur, ^LA., Arncliffe, Skij)ton. 

Simpson, The Rev. E. W., Meltham Hall, Howden, East Yorkshire. 

Simpson, ESdward, Walton Hall, Wakefield. 

Simpson, Fred, Boync Hill, Chapelthorpe, Wakefield. 

Skaife, Robert H., c/o ^Irs. Wolsteuholmc, 31, Cardigan Road, Head- 
ingley, Leeds. 

Skevington, Thos. W., Wood Rhydding, Ilkley. 

Skidmore, Charles, Broomfield, Manningham, Bradford. 

Slingsby, Rev. C, Scriven Park, Harrogate. 
t Slingsby, F. W., Thorpe Underwood Hall, Ouseburn, York. 
t Slingsby, J. A., Carla Beck, Skipton-in-Craven. 

Smith, The Rev. F. G. Hume, The Parsonage, Armley, Leeds. 

Smith, Henry, St. John's North, Wakefield. 

Smith, J. Challenor, Somerset House, London, W.C. 

Smith, Rev. A. Gardiner, The Rectory, Castleford. 

Smith, Rev. Thos. Thistlethwaite, 37, Virginia Road, Leeds. 

Smithson, Thos., 76, North Street, Ripon. 

Solly, Dr., Strathlea, Harrogate. 

Speight, H., Crow Nest, Bingley. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XV. 

Spencer, Thomas, The Terrace, Richmond, Yorkshire. 
f Spofforth, Markham, 15, St. George's Place, Hyde Park Comer, S.W. 

Stancer, Oeoroe, Park Place, Worksop. 

Standbridoe, Thomas, Harlsey Hall, Northallerton. 

Standering, William, St. James' Terrace, Selby. 
+ Stansfeld, John, Dunninald, Montrose, N.6. 

Starkey, Lewis R., Norwood Park, Southwell, Notts. 

Statter, W. Akep, Thomhill House, Wakefield. 

Stavert, The Rev. W. J., Burnsall Rectory, Skipton-in-Craven. 

Stkad, John James, Albert Cottage, Heckmondwike. 

Steele, The Rev. R. J., Harlsey Vicarage, Northallerton. 

t Stephenson, Mill, F.S.A., 14, Ritherdon Road, Upper Tooting, London, 
S.W. 

Stephenson, Dr. W., 1, Railway Street, Beverley. 

Stewart, W. H., Milnthorpe House, Wakefield. 

Stock, Rev. Geo., B.A., The Vicarage, Pocklington. 

Stocks, Ben, Architect, Cambridge Road, Huddersfield. 

Stonehouse, Edmund, Westgate, Wakefield. 

Sugden, Richard, The Farre Close, Brighouse. 

Sutoliffe, Gamaliel, Heptonstall, Manchester. 

Sutoliffe, John, Lower Lea, Heptonstall, Manchester. 

SuTCLiFFE, Edwd., Maltster, Mirfield. 

Sykes, James, 38, Harrington Street, London, N.W. 



Taylor, John Thorp, Oaklands, Holmfirth. 
f Taylor, The Rev. R. V., Melbecks Vicarage, Richmond, Yorks. 

Taylor, Theodore Cooke, Westfield House, Batley. 
f Tempest, Mrs. Arthur, Broughton Hall, Skipton. 
• Tenison, Chas. M., M.R.I. a., Barrister-at-Law, Hobart, Tasmania. 

Thomas, Rev. A. N., M.A., The Rectory, Guisborough. 

Thompson, Joseph, South Parade, Wakefield. 

Thompson, Richard, Dringcote, The Mount, York. 

Thompson, Rev. S. M., The Vicarage, Northallerton. 

Thorman, Frank, Kirkgate, Tadcaster. 

Thornton, Robert, Highbury House, Rastrick. 
t Tinker, Charles S., Meal Hill, Hepworth, Huddersfield. 

Tinker, Henry, New North Road, Huddersfield. 
t Tinkler, The Rev. John, Caunton Vicarage, near Newark, Notts. 
t Tolson, Le^h, Elm Lea, Dal ton, Huddersfield. 

ToMLiNSON, G. J. F., Woodfield, Huddersfield. 

Tomlinson, Walter, 3, Richmond Terrace, Whitehall, S.W. 

TowNEND, W., St. John's Villas, Wakefield, 
t TuKE, W. Murray, The Vineyard, Saffron WaJden, Essex. 



XVI. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Tunstall, F. W. W., 88, Palace Gardens Terrace, Campden Hill, 
London, W. 

Turner, J. Horsfall, College House, Idle, Bradford. 

Turner, Thomas, 42, Mill Hill Road, Norwich. 
t Turton, Robert B., Kildale Hall, Grosmont, R.S.O., Yorkshire. 
t T\vt:edale, John, The Moorlands, Dcwsbury. 

Tyas, C. J., The Grove, South Kirkby, Wakefield. 



Ullathornp], Wm. Grahame, Colinton, Vineyard Hill Road, Wimble- 
don Park, London, S.W\ 



Yarey, William, 17, Skeldergate, York. 
t Vincent, The Rev. Matson, M.A., Great Ouseburn, York. 



t Waddington, John, Ely Grange, Frant, Sussex. 

t Wagner, Henry, F.S.A., 13, Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, W. 

t Wakefield, The Right Rev. The Bishop of, Bishopgarth, Wakefield. 

Walker, Frederick, Ovenden Hall, Halifax. 

Walker, Henry. 

Walker, James G., 4, Priory Place, Doncaster. 
t Walker, John W\, F.S.A., The Ebns, Wakefield. 

Walker, Thomas, Oakwood Grange, Roundhay, Leeds. 

Walker, Walter James, Holmroyd, New Westminster, British 
Columbia, Canada. 

Walshaw, Thomas, 1*2, Lincoln Street, Balne Lane, Wakefield. 
t Ward, John Whiteley, South Royd, Halifax. 

W^ARDMAJ!^, George, 9, South Parade, Leeds. 
t Weddall, G. E., Thornton House, Brough, East Y'orkshire. 

Wellington, The Rev. H. M., The Vicarage, South Kirkby, Wakefield. 

Wentworth, Miss, Woolley Park, Wakefield. 

West, Mrs., The Field, Swinefleet, Goole. 
t Wharncliffe, The Right Hon. The Earl of, Wortley Hall, Sheffield. 

Wharton. John Lloyd, M.P., Bramham, Boston Spa, R.S.O. 

Whilding, L., 37, Denby Dale Road, Wakefield. 
t Whitham, John, South Crescent, Ripon. 

♦ Whitley, Alfred, Greenroyd, Halifax. 

* Whittaker, B. J., Hesley Hall, Tickhill, Rotherham. 

Whittenbury, Clifton Wilkinson, Town Hall Buildings, Man- 
chester. 

t Whytehead, Thomas Bowman, Acomb House, York. 

Wigglbsworth, James, Holmfield, Wakefield. 



Wajcrsscs- J. H.. SI. iLbniiL S 

WlLZJLLS:?- '^- I •JjfcC.'i I_fc>ipf- fkiklJELfc.. ""juiiilti".'. 

WiLffOy. ^t^" *^ BcvxSv H~iZMiL —rub^. Hr."-:c. 7^dij. iaiTsi 
^ WilsBB. GkAviaB Kbcvsl 'XjijikfrsCiKQ^s. Sctsc^rsccDf . Sc^ifftfui. 

"- W3-H53K. E::"»^j.5r^ S.. F S.JL. X^*:el .-t:l:j?£> Br-rcxi. Yrri^. 

WooD. I>or»>LA5s. C^ikr*T-_Le- "^'^^ixttitsc AT«:-e, H-" 

r. FS A . Be -^>-:- S;ii^:^:-ib.. S, IVv — . 
I. F.G.S-. I*. Pxrk Sc^iirv. L«trd>- 

* WooDD. Basiz. a. H-. cV'-j- r^ A?- Hill. Kr.Aj^scc r^ai±. 

Woodd. Ck&ries HI*. Criiihicrshjiw Hjl:. Linir-ircihial^ Chss^, 
Skipson. 

ViooifHSLxD, fLi^yxSi T.. IT. W-*: Hill. Huddersfx d. 

WooDKEXS. RrT. W. D.. Rimity Mccr. York. 

^ Woods. Sir Xlbext W.. 0^'^er. K.C-B.. K-C-M-G., F.S.A.. t^. S^x. 
Georee's Bjad. Warwick Sq.. S.W. 

WoBSPOLD. The ReT. Joffx X.. Hadile^ev Recior}*. selby. 

Wright. Rev. H. W.. Birkin Rcciory. Ferrybride^?. 

Wright, John. Terrington. York. 

"♦" Wurixbar^. John Henry. Ciavering Hou>e. i. De Gn?y Road. Le*>d>- 



Yeomatc. Mi^* AxxiE. Noriha'.krioii. 

Yeoman, Mrs. J. P.. Brompun, yorthailenon. 

York, His Grace the Lord Archbishop of, Bishopihorpe, York. 

YORK. The Very Rev. the Dean of. F.S.A.. The iVanery, York. 

York. The To\*ti Clerk and Corporation of, York. 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 



it 

»f 
f » 
it 






Page 26, line 23. For Hollyn r^ad Hollym. 

31, line 27. For Grimdalylhe rgad Grindalythe. 
63, note w, line i. For Loughton rgad Laugh ton. 
87, line 16. For Nicholson read Nicholas. 

89, line 19. For Flenniyngh read Hemniyngh. 

90, note 2, line 2. For Huddlesey reoi/ Haddlesey. 

96, note 3, line 4. For early read late. 

loi, line 6 from bottom. For Woodhouse Handsworth read Handsworth 
Woodhouse. 
,, 103, last line and note. For Lillingwoldgmves read Killingwoldgraves. 

,, 106, line 2 from bottom. For demariorum read denariorum. 

129, line 20 from bottom. For chaplain's house read chaplains' house. 

130, line 14. For N. M. Punshon read N. K. Punshon. 

133, line 20. The helmet in question is a seventeenth century one, and more 
probably belonged to James Mauleverer. 

134, last line. For Farie read Faerie. 

135, line 19. The use of ailettes towards the close of the thirteenth century 
seems to have been far from uncommon abroad. A good many 
examples are given in Creeny's Incised Slabs on the Cottiinent if 
Europe. 

147, line 17 from bottom. It would be more accurate to call the incumbents 
of Ingleby Arncliffe curates or perpetual curates, and not vicars, as a 
vicarage was never instituted. 

151, note 4. Cf. Arnklo, the name of a farm in Munkbradrup parish in 
Denmark. The word probably signifies a narrow place in a wood, 
which eagles were in the habit of haunting (Kok's Danske Folkesprog^ 
ii, 69). 

157, line 14. For Langburgh read Langbargh. 

163, note 7, line 3. For one read One. 

167. For John le Pork read Henry le Pork. 

173, line II. For Arthur read Richard. 

183, line 9. For Catherine read Car. 

186, line 7. For applianda read applicanda. 

192, line 17 from bottom. For near Scarborough read in Cleveland. 

Ibid.^ line 12 from bottom. Insert Hull after Charterhouse. 

198, line 3. Insert 1537 after April 30. 

202, line 14 from bottom. For Anna read Anne. 

212, notes, col. 2, line 10. For John read Thomas. 



»» 



f > 



»» 

ft 
If 



>f 
«f 



269, line 17 from bottom. For Stoney, Middleton read Stoney Middleton. 

303, line 14. For Aisalbie read Aislabie. 

321, note 6, line 2. Add Reg. Wolsey^ fo. 87^^ 

369, line 3. For Nicholas read Henry. 

398, line 4. For 54 in 65 days read 54 M. 65 = 54,065. 

Ibid.^ line 12. Add 90,000 (?) *x.c.m. years' perhaj^s should be read *ten 
hundred thousand,' or 1,000,000. 

415. No. I, like the other pardons at Scriven Park, which the Rev. C. S. 
Slingsby has kindly allowed the editor to examine, is on vellum. Its 
size is 23} X 14} inches. No. II is io| x 5I inches. 

415, line 22 from bottom. For affectionem read affeccionem. 

416, line 4. For reddentur read reddantur. 
Ibid.^ line 21. For semper read semperque. 
Ibid.y line 32. For proueniat read peiuemoA.. 



IV. LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Armitagk, W. II., Murray Road, Edgerton, Huddersfield. 
t Armytage, Sir George, Bart., F.S.A., Kirklees Park, Brighouse. 

AsHTON, James T., Kingthorpe, Pickering. 

AsPiNALL, Rev. George E., B.A., Hall Ings, Southowram, Halifax. 
* Athill, Chas. H., Richviond Herald, Heralds' College, London, E.G. 

Athron, Mrs., Avenue Road, Doncaster. 

Austin, S. P., Bilton House, Harrogate. 
t Ayrton, William, 9, Cook Street, Liverpool. 



f Baildon, W. Paley, F.S.A., 5, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London, 
W.C. 

Banks, William, Hemingbro' Hall, Howden, East Yorkshire. 
t Barber, John, Oakerbank, Ripon Road, Harrogate. 

Baret, Jonah, Snaith Villa, Ackworth, Pontefract. 

t Barkworth, Arthur Bromley Wilson, Kirkella House, Kirkella, Hull. 

t Barraclough, Thos., 54, Marlborough Mansions, Finchley Road, 
London, N.W. 

Barran, Sir John, Bart., Chapel Allerton Hall, Leeds. 

Barratt, Pbrcival, Bond Street, Wakefield. 

Barstow, H. C, Hazelbush, York. 

Barstow, Miss, Garrow Hill, York. 

Barwick, J. M., 24, Basinghall Street, Leeds. 

Baynes, John, North Villas, Ripon. 

Beaumont, Alfred, Red Cottage, Pond Road, Blackheath, S.E. 

Beaumont, Herbert, Hatfeild Hall, Wakefield. 

Beaumont, Rev. J., M.A., 7, Claremont, Ripon. 

Beaumont, Wentworth Blackett, Bret ton Park, Wakefield. 

Bedford, Francis W., A.R.I.B.A., Greek St. Chambers, Leeds. 
* Bell, T. Hugh, Red Barns, Coatham, Redcar. 

Bbnington, Henry, Wentworth Terrace, Wakefield. 
t Bethell, William, Rise Park, Hull. 
t Bilson, John, F.S.A., Hessle, Hull. 

Bin YON, A. E., Ackworth School, Pontefract. 

Birohall, Edward, 18, Moorland Road, Leeds. 

Blackburn, Samuel, Browlea, Rastrick, Brighouse. 

Blackburn, Walter S., Central Bank Chambers, Leeds. 

Blakeborough, Richard, 24, Trent Street, Stockton-on-Tees. 

Blumhardt, Rev. E. K., Wad worth Vicarage, Doncaster. 

BoDiNGTON, Prof., Fieldhead, Shire Oak Road, Leeds. 

Bogg, Edmund, 3, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds. 

BoHN, George, Hengate, Beverley. 
t Bolton, Rt. Hon. Lord, Bolton Hall, Wensley, S.O., York. 

Bosville, Mrs., Thorpe Hall, Bridlington. 

Boultbee, Mrs., Hornby Vicarage, Bedale. 



lilST OP MEMBERS. V, 

BoYNTON, Lady, Burton Agnes Hall, Hull. 

Boynton, Thos., F.S.A., Norman House, Bridlington Quay. 

Braithwaite, Ric. H., Kirkstall Lane, Leeds. 

Bramble, Lieut-Col. J. R., F.S.A., Seafield, Weston-super-Mare. 

Bramley, The Rev. H. R., M.A., 3, Lindum Terrace, Lincoln. 
+ Brayshaw, Thomas, Giggleswick, Settle, Yorkshire. 

Brierley, John Swallow, Debrow, Watford, Herts. 

Brigg, John L., B.A., LL.B., Kildwick Hall, Keighley. 
t Brigg, William, B.A., Solicitor, Ilarpenden, Herts. 
+ Brigg, W. A., Kildwick Hall, Keighley. 

• Briggs, Arthur N., c/o Milligan, Forbes & Co., Bradford. 

Briggs, WilHam, Exchange, Bristol. 

Broadrick, George, F.R.S.E., Broughtoa House, Broughton Road, 
Ipswich. 

Brook, Edward, Hoddam Castle. Ecclefechan, N.B. 

Brooke, J. B., Nunbrook, Moor-Allerton, Leeds. 

^ Brooke, John Arthur, Fenay Hall, Huddersfield. 

• Brooke, Wm., Northgate Mount, Huddersfield. 

+ Brooke, The Yen. Archdeacon, The Vicarage, Halifax. 

! Brooke, Sir Thomas, Bart., F.S.A. (President), Arinitage Brid<^e, 
Huddersfield. 

Broughton, J. W.. Skipton-in-Cr.ivcn. 

Brown, Oswald C. B., 30, St. Olave's Road, York. 

Brown, Robert, F.S.A. , Priestgate House, Barton-on-Humber. 

Brown, R. J., Priestgate House, Barton-on-Humber. 
+ Broivn, William, Hon. Secrctdry, Whitehouse, Northallerton. 

Bruce, Samuel, LL.B., St. John's House, Wakefield, 
f Buchannan, George, Union Place, Whitby. 

Bulmer, G. B., Central Bank Chambers, Toronto Street, Leeds. 

• Burke, H. Farnham, Somerset Herald^ Heralds' College, London, IC.C. 
Burman, Frederick James, Wath-on-Dearne, Rotherham. 

+ Burr, George, Town Clerk, Keighley. 



Cadman, His Honour Judge, Rhyddings House, Ackworth, Pontefract. 

Carlile, E. Hildred, Helme Hall , near Huddersfield. 

Carlisle, The Right Hon. The Earl of, Castle Howard, Malton. 

* Carr, William, Ditchingham Hall, Norfolk. 

Carter, Thos. S., Oak House, Ilkloy. 

t Cartwrioht, J.J., M.A., F.S.A., Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, 
London, W.C. 

+ Cary-Elwes, V. Dudley, F.S.A., The Manor House, Brigg, Lincolnshire. 

Casson, Lt.-Colonel, Conford Park, Liphook, Hants. 

t Castle, Septimus, 1*2, Devonshire Place, Claughton, Birkenhead. 

t Chad wick, S. J., F.S.A., Church Street, Dewsbury. 



THE 




<ith\m $.u\}m\a$im\ irnxmi 



PAVER'S MARRIAGE LICENSES. 

Part XV. 

(continued from vol 14, p. 338.) 

With Notes by J. W. CLAY, F.S.A. 
[Add. MSS. 29, .667.]! 

1622. 

Richard Dawson, gen., of Heworth, and Elizabeth Clapham, of Bolton — at Bolton. 

William King, of Slaidburn, and Agnes Blakey, of Colne — ^at Slaidburn. 

John Langdale, of Foston, and Mary Brandsby, of Naflferton — at either place. 

Thomas Manby, and Susan Cowper, widow, * of Leeds — at Leeds. 

Percival Thrift, of Ecclesfield, and Sarah Remington, widow, of Silkston — at either 
place. 

Richard Banks, of St. Mary, Castlegate, and Rachel Spawton, widow, of St. Margaret, 
York — at St. Mary. 

[323I 

John Marshall, of Guiseley, and Catherine Headley, of Otley — at either place. 

John Granger, of Deighton, and Thomasin Goodricke, of Sandhutton — at Sandhutton. 

Robert Frankland and Cecily Spencer, of Slaidburn — ^at Slaidburn. 

John Elgey and Margaret Hodgson, of Ingleby— at Ingleby. 

Edward Osbaldeston, of St. Martin, Coney Street, York, and Catherine Cuthbcrt, of 
St. Mary, Beverley,^ — at St. Mary. 

Robert Frank, gen., of Harwood, and Susan More, of Astrop, in Whitkirk — at 
Harwood or Whitkirk.* 

Thomas Manby, son of Robert Manby, late of Bainton, and Susan Cowper, widow, 
of Leeds — at Bainton. 

Matthew Hall, of Pateley-bridge, and Helen Bolton, of Pannall — at either place. 

Sir Arthur Ingram, knt., son and heir of Sir Arthur Ingram, knt., of St. Michael- 
le-Belfrey, York, and Ellen Slingsby, daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby, knt., of 
Moor Monkton — at Moor Monkton.* 

Thomas Scott, of Newton Kyme, and Elizabeth Maude, of Kirk Deighton — at Kirk 
Deighton. 

John Dixon and Dorothy Loncaster, widow, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

(i) Immediately after some leaves inserted. (4) Married at Whitkirk, 10 Dec, i6a3. 

(«) See ninth entry below. (5) He was buried at Whitkirk, 4 July, 1655. 

(3) Married 5 Dec, i6a3, St. John, Beverley. She at St. Giles-in-the- Fields, 95 May, 1647. 

VOL. XVI. K 



2 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Alan Latham and Catherine Nicholson, of Sherburn — at Sherburn. 

John Greenwood, of Halifax, and Grace Mitchell, of Heptonstall — at either place. ^ 

Thomas Vincent, gen., of Snaith, and Susan Bosville, of Warmsworth* — at either 
place. 

John Briggs and Joan Blanchard, widow, of Eskrig— at Eskrig, 

James Moore, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Ann Askwiih, of Kilbume — at 
either place.'* 

William Scholes, of Leeds, and Hesther Pears, of Wctherby — at either place.* 

William Winchester, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Rebecca Hatton, of Welton — at 
either place. 

William Medley and Susan Rawlinson, of Sproatley — at Sproatley. 

[324] 

Daniel Holroyd and Mary Milner, of Halifax — at Halifax. ^ 

John Nicholson and Dionis Warde, widow, of Hunmanby — at Hunmanby. 

John Corte, of B jltby, and Lana (?) Slater, of Cold Kirby~at Feliskirk or Cold 
Ivirby. 

William Browne, of Ripon, and Elizabeth Willey, of Ottrington— at either place. 

James Poad and Ursula Naylor, of Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, York — ^at Holy 
Trinity. 

John Butler, of Halifax, and Ann Dransfield, of Ha worth — at either place. 

Arthur Branton, of St. Olave, and Elizabeth Cawood, of St. Mary, Castlegate, 
York— at St. Olave. 

Samuel Mann, of EUand, and Ann Whittaker, of Halifax — at either place.® 

Peter Coitus and Isabel Cawton, of Lockton — ^at Middleton or Lockton. 

Robert Wilson and Ann Tillotson, of Kildwick — at Kildwick. 

William Lovell, of Wold Newton, and Giisell Jefferson, of Beverley — at Wold 
Newton. 

Michael Ferriby, of Hinderwell, and Isabel Wilkinson, of Hartlepool— at either 
place. 

Matthew Billaine, of Skefling, and Sibel Coleman, of Keyingham — ^at Keyingham. 

Thomas Stephenson, of Holy Trinity, Goodram-gate, York, and Susan Hey, of 
Pateley- bridge — at either place. 

John Drake, of Northowram, and Bridget Rayner, widow "^ of Elland — ^at Elland. 

George Dent, of Sheffield, and Elizabeth Birkett, of Great Markham — at either place. 

John Marshall, of Lythe, and Mary Lovell, of Egton — ^at either place. 

Henry Bradshaw and Ann Nettleton, of Bradford— at Bradford. 

Brian Harrison, of Sutton-forest, and Mary Consett, of Newton upon Ouse — at 
either place. 

Edward Sanderson and Ann Barlow, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

[325] 

Robert Cowell, of Bishopthorpe, and Jane Bayne, of St. Mary Bishophill senior, 

York — at St. Mary. 
Henry Gill and Jane Lendall, of Winestead — at Wincstead. 
Thomas Barton, of Sheffield, and Mary Bullas, of Ecclesfield — at either place. 
Richard Elvidge and Mary Paul, of Horbury — at Horbury. 
William Thompson and Margaret Watson, of St. Mary, Beverley — at Beverley. 
Richard Leland, of Bingley, and Ursula Maude, of Bradford — at either place. 
Christopher Wright and Elizabeth Braithwaite, widow, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

^1) Married at Halifax, 15 Dec, 1622. (3) Not at York. 

(2) Son of Richard Vincent, of Firsby; he was ^ \ j^^j ^j Leeds 

afker of Barnborough, where he was buried July, / v «, • , . * tx ^ 

1667. She was daughter and co-heiress of Tho- (s) Married there 24 Dec, 1622. 

mas Wormeley, of Hatfield, widow of Gervase (6) Not at Elland. 

Bosvije, of Warmsworih, and was buried at ( ) Married there 28 Jan., 1624-3. (?) Joseph 

Conisborough, lo Dec, 1652. Sec DugdaU s Pr^ke, «' *' 

Visitation^ p. 276. 



paver's marriage licenses. 3 

Henry Dickenson, of Ripley, and Dorothy Turner, of Leeds — at either place.* 

Thomas Slorr and Mary Hood, of Middleton — at Middleton. 

Robert Chapman and Ellis Story, of Middleton — at Middleton. 

Robert Illingworth, of Bradford, and Grace Bentley, of Halifax — at either place. ^ 

Robert Birkby, of Birstal, and Mary Whitley, of Halifax — at either place. 

Thomas Denton, of Silkstone, and Elizabeth Hey, of Penistone — at either place. 

Henry Hitching, of Normanton, and Sarah Blacker, of Sandal — at either place. 

Robert Woodhouse, of Leeds, and Jane Pickering, of St. Martin, Coney-street, 
York — at St. Martin. 

Anthony Cleasby, of Kirkby Stephen, and Joan Harrison, of Wragby — at Wragby. 

Henry Kitchingman, clerk. Vicar of Marton, and Ann Anderson, of Marton — at 
Marton. 

George Meggison, of Whitby, and Mary Dowson, of Egton — at either place. 

Richard Liversedge and James Saville, of Birstal — at Birstal.^ 

Daniel Waterhouse and Margaret Scholes, of Leeds — at Leeds.* 
[326] 

John Wilbore, of Misterton, and Dorothy Drayton, of Walkeringham — at either 
place. 

Edmund Watson and Mary Shackleton, of Kildwick — at Kildwick. 

Ralph Haigh and Douglas Burne, widow, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

William Moxon and Priscilla Walker, of Leeds — at Leeds. ^ 

Samuell Peirson, of Paul, and Frances Kitching, of Rosse — at either place.® 

Adam Binny, of Rotherham, and Mary Crofts, of Thribergh — at either place. 

Leonard Killam, of Holy Trinity, and Mary Hartfurth, of St. Mary, Hull— at either 
church. 

John Firlh, of Almondbury, and Ann Moore, of Pontefract — at Pontefract. 

John Cooke and Elizabeth Knaxe (or Knapc), of Ecclesfield — at Ecclesfield. 

William Scruton and Frances Plummer, widow, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

John Goodier and Grace Crosley, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

John Phillips, of Holy Trinity, and Jane Carleil, of St. Mary, Hull — at either church. 

Francis Dale and Mary Hall, of Cayton — at Cayton. 

Ralph Cowper, of St. Cuthbert, York, and Elizabeth Wright, widow, of Stockton — 
at St. Cuthbert. 

Robert Wadsworth and Mary Anderson, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 

Richard Walker and Jane Green, of Leeds — at Leeds.® 

Roger Green, of Holy Trinity, and Sarah Aston, widow, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either church. 

John Crompton and Isabel Portington, widow, of St. Mary, Beverley — at St. Mary. • 

William Morton, of Bradfield, and Ann Owdome, of Sheffield — at either place. 

Christopher Foster and Jane Ratcliffe, widow, of Gargrave — at Gargrave. 

[327] 

Arthur Pepper and Dorothy Langdale, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York — at 

St. Michael. 10 

Thomas Browne and Frances Cole, widow, of Skelton — at Skelton. 

Henry Bellasses,** son of Sir Tho. Bellasses, knt., of Newburgh, and Grace Bolton, 
now Hexgrave, of Kirtlington, dau. of Sir Tho. Bolton, knt. — at Bolton moors 
or Kirklington. 

^i) Not at Leeds. do) Married there 10 March, 1622-^. 

(3) Married at HaliCax, 4 Feb., 1623-3. (11) Henry Belasyse M.P. for Yorkshire, bapt., 
13) Married there 13 Feb., 1622-3. Cox wold, 20 May, 1604, died 20 May, 1647, 

(4) Married there 19 Feb., 1622-3. buried in Coxwold church. ^ Married Grace, 

(5) Married there 19 Feb., 1622-3. daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Barton 

(6) Married at Roos, 20 Feb., 1622-3. ("^ Bolton), of Smithells, co. Lancaster. She 

(7) Married there 22 Feb., 1622-3. *^i«<^ 7 J*"-» '^59t *^ buried at Coxwold. See 
18) Married there 25 FeU, 1622-3. F<»ter's Yorkshirt Families under Belasyse. 
(9) Married there 19 April, 1623. 



4 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

John Smith, of Kildwick, and Margaret Rayner, widow, of Halifax — at either place. 

James Harwood, junior, of Beverley, and Elizabeth Dove, of Westow — at Westow. 

Robert Croslhwaite and Jane Hinesley, of St. Mary, Castlegate, York — at St. Mary. 

John Laycock, clerk, A. M., and Elizabeth Weddell, widow, of Holme Spalding — 
at Holme Spalding. 

Jonah Walker and Martha Bawme, of Bradford — at Bradford. 

Roger Barroclough and Mary Lea, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Nicholas Scales, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Ann Anderson, of Sculcoates — at 
Sculcoates. 

1623. 

John Bainbrigg, gen., and Frances Duck, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

John Harper and Sarah Barstow, of Calverley — at Calverley. 

George Jackson, of St. Mary, Beverley, and Euphemia Ellis, widow, of Rudston — 
at either place. 

John Rawson, of Castleford, and Elizabeth Homcastle, of Fetherston — at Fetherston. 

Thomas Grant, of Hull, and Alice Low, of Sutton in Holdemess — at Sutton. 

Edward Carleil, gen., of Bridlington, and Ann Tymperon, of Carnaby — at either 
place. 

Robert Remington and Clare Robinson, of Beverley — ^at St. Nicholas, Beverley. 

Thomas Green, of St. Nicholas, and Ann Horsley, of St. John, Beverley — at either 
church. 

John Kaye, of Almondbury, and Dorothy Armytage, of Sprotborough — at either 
place. 

William Greenwood, of Wakefield, and Margaret Higgin, of Pontefract— at either 

place. 
[328] 
Edward Stanhope, son and heir of Sir Edward Stanhope, knt. and bart., of Kirkby, 

and Ann Mould, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York — at Kirkby.^ 

Robert Foster and Ann Calvert, of Kirk Fenton — at Kirk Fenton. 

William Armitstead, of Bracewell, and Mary Green, of Marton— at either place. 

Robert Lever and Elizabeth Myers, of St. Crux, York— at St. Crux. 

Francis Harrison, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York, and Mary Hutchinson, widow, of 
Bolton Percy — at either place. 

John Westoby and Mary Leaper, of Bubwith — at Bubwith. 

Christopher Conceit, of Thorpe Arch, and Elizabeth Beilby, widotv, of Collingham 
— at Collingham. 

William Wilkes, of Knaresborough, and Dorothy German, of Spofforth — at either 
place. 

Ambrose Normanton and Sarah Hitchen, of Heptonstall — at Heptonstall. 

Seth Shipley, of Rotherham, and Jane Greensmith, of Treeton— at either place. 

Thomas Thornton, of Howden, and Mary Appleton, of Holme Spalding — at either 
place. 

John Farthing and Mary Vincent, of Brandsburton — at Brandsburton. 

Richard Makins, of Pontefract, and Ann Bateson, of Knottingley — at either place. 

George Hinch, of Bolton upon Dearn, and Elizabeth Gay, of Wadworth — at either 
place. 

Lancelot Geldart, of Popleton, and Elizabeth Creswick, widow, of St. John, 
Micklegate, York— at either place. 

John Newson, of Bishopthorpe, and Maud Thompson, of St. Sampson, York — at 
St. Sampson. 

(i) Married at Kirkby Wharfe, 13 April, Stanhope, Rector of Bolton Percy and Canon 

1623. He was buried there i ^an., 16^8-9, she of York, married at St. Michael-Ie-Belfrey, 

also there 21 May, 1646. Their name is gener. 16 Sept., 1619, Susan Mole, by whom he had 

ally spelt Mole or MoUe (Dugdale's Visitation s&ve.rsA chWdrcn {Yorkshire Ate fueoio^cai /our- 

continued, 219). His uncle, the Rev. George nai, i., 236). 



paver's marriage licenses. 6 

Thomas Snowden, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Ann Stilling, of Lcathley* 
— at either place. 

Sampson Maples, of Snaith, and Ann Harrison, of Harwood — at Harwood. 

John Bylett, of Welwick, and Jane Marche, of Holy Trinity, Hull— at either place. 

Richard Arthington, of Gargrave, 'and Agnes Gledston, widow, of Bracewell — at 
Bracewell. 

[329] 

Thomas Norton, of Sandall Magna, and Mary Skelton, of Sheffield— at either place. 

John Broadley, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Freeman, of Kippax — at either place. ^ 

Walter Howie and Agnes Thompson, of Tong — at Tong. 

John Harrison, of Scawby, and Mercy Postgate, of Cloughlon — at either place. 

William Lee, gen., of Pinchingthorpe, and Helen Morley, of Ayton Magna^ — at 
Stokesley. 

John Carr, of Giggleswick, and Ann Carr, widow, of Horton — at either place. 

Philip Wade, of Sandall Magna, and Margaret Smith, widow, of Hay ton — at 

Sandall Magna. 

George Bracebridge, of Swillington, and Elizabeth Dawson, of Whitkirk — at either 
place. 

Richard Smith, of Bradford, and Mary Hodgson, of Halifax — at either place. 

John Wilson, of Whaley, co. Derby, and Mary Hoole, widow, of Sheffield — at 
Sheffield. 

Thomas Rayne and Christabella Hallam, widow, of Everton — at Everton. 

Randal Wilson, of Calverton, and Joan Fish, of Bulwell — at either place. 

Thomas Newton, of Rolherham, and Mary Beete, of Cantley — at either place. 

Richard Moodis and Jane Grant, of Adwick Street — at Adwick Street. 

Robert Bower, of Sheffield, and Meriol Gray, of Ecclesfield — at Ecclesfield. 

William Slack, of Emley, and Hesther Leake, of Sandal Magna — at Sandal Magna. 

Edward Sawley, of Longpreston, and Helen Dodson, of Marton — at either place. 

William Barton, of Finningley, and Margaret Armytage, of Doncaster — at either 
place. 

John Saunderson, of Finningley, and Elizabeth Colt, of Rowle {sic) — at Finningley. 

[330] 

William Welles and Ellen Browne, of Kirk Ella-at Kirk Ella.* 

John Barlow, clerk, and Jenet Slater, widow, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Francis Lassells, of Northallerton, and Meriol Addison, of Eston — at Eston. 

Gabriel Freeman, of York, and Margaret Ives, of Gilling— at Gilling. 

John Norham, of Bempton, and Margaret Nicholson, of Bridlington — at either place. 

Richard Taylor, son of Robert Taylor, of Wetherby, and Ellen Scaife, of 
Hampsthwaite— at Hampsthwaite. 

John Shaw and Isabel Beighton, of Bradfield — at Bradfield. 

William Ferrand, of Ilkley, and Bridget Frankland, widow, of Gargrave— at Gargrave. 

James Green and Jane Frith (?), of Ilkley— at Ilkley. 

Christopher Hardisty and Margaret Suttle, of Fewston — at Fewston. 

Richard Waugh and Ann Bean, of Bingley —at Binglcy. 

Robert Colthurst, of Hartoft, in parish of Middleton, and Dorothy Chapman, of 
Bossall — at Bossall. 

Peter Fawcett, of Latham, and Isabel Thurley, of Easlrington — at Seaton or 
Eastrington. 

James Thirkell, of Hull, and Alice Pattison, of Cherry Burton — at Cherry Burton. 

Henry Marshe, of Kirkburton, and Alice Greaves, of Bradfield — at either place. 

(i> Thomas Snawdcn and Ann Stilling, Phisick, of York. She was the daughter of 

married at St. Michael -Ic-Belfrey, 5 May, 1623. Cnthbcrt Morley, of Nornianby, in the parish 

(2) Married at Kippax, 18 May, 1623. of Ormesby. 

(3) According to Dugdale, p. 06, he died circa. (4) Married there 28 M.iy, 1643. 
1650, being &00 of Roger I^e. Doctor in 



6 THE YOkRSHlRE AkCH-^OLOGlCAL jOURNAt-. 

Thomas Langdale, gen., of Ebberston, and Catherine Constable, of Sigglesthome — 

at Sigglesthome. 
Thwaites Fox, of S. Mary, and Mary Johnson, of S. John, Beverley — at S. John. 
James Fetch, of Farndale, and Phillis Jenkinson, of Bilsdale - at either place. 
Robert Walker and Ann Banks, of Holy Trinity, Hull— at Holy Trinity. 
John Mathew, of Knaresborough, and Margaret Hay, widow, of Nidd— at Nidd. 

[331] 

Henry Bromehead, of Bradfield, and Ellen Shaw, of Ecclesfield — at either place. 

Nathan Tilson, of Halifax, and Mary Walker, of Skircoat — at Elland. ^ 

William Warde, of St. Dennis, York, and Margaret Dale, of Sutton forest — at St. 
Dennis. 

Thomas Robinson, of Longpreston, and Ann Wildman, of Giggleswick— at 
Longpreston. 

Gregory Danby, of Doncaster, gen., and Alice Byard, widow, of Burghwallis — at 
Burghwallis. 

Christopher Mason and Joan Hayton, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

John Newlove and Mary Birkby, of Wetwang — at Wetwang. 

John Skelton, of Thornton, and Elizabeth Baker, of Ellerburn— at either place. 

Thomas Barnby, gen. , ^ and Mary Green, of Cawthorne — at Cawthorne. 

William Whitley, of Halifax, and Ann Wood, of Birstal — at either place. 

Simon Firbank and Susan Firth, widow, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

Marmaduke Todd, of Osmotherley, and Jane Binks, of Sandhutton — at Sandhutton. 

Matthew Stables, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Bubwith, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York 
— at St. Helen. 

Samuel Wortley and Grace Abson, of Wath— at Wath. 

John Lockwood, of Crofton, and Mary Oxley, of Whitkirk — at either place. 

William Bayldon, gen., and Frances Saville, of Baildon— at Baildon. 

George Worfolk, of Pickering, and Isabel Dudding, of New Malton — at either place. 

Thomas Lister, of Gisburn, and Ann Higson, widow, of Bolton-by-Boland — ^at 
either place. 

Ely Maude and Mary Northen, of Halifax — at Halifax.* 

[332] 

Thomas Harrison and Elizabeth Banks, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York — at St. 

Michael. * 

Charles Moore, of Apleton-street, and Elizabeth Hutton, of Overton — at either place. 

Thomas Thornton, of Linton, and Jane Athorpe, of All Saints, Pavement, York— 
at All Saints. 

William Godfrey and Mary Wood, of St. Leonard, New Malton — at St. Leonard. 

Stephen Barnard, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Elizabeth Dixon, of Hemingborough 
— at Hemingborough. 

James Parker, of Rothwell (fonnerly of Royston), and Dorothy Naylor, of Carleton 
— at Rothwell or Royston. 

Thomas Waller, of St. Mary, Bishophill, and Elizabeth lUingworth, of St. 
Michael-le-Belfrey, York — at St. Michael.* 

Matthew Levet, clerk, and Faith Crashaw, widow, of St. Cuthbert, York — at St. 
Cuthbert, or Nabum. 

John Roydes, of Halifax, and Judith Saltonstall, of Huddersfield — at either place. ^ 

(1) Married at F.lland, i July, 1623. . (3) Married at Holy Trinity, Micklegate, 

(3) Son of Sir Charles Barnby, of Barnby York, 7 July, 1623. 

Hall. His will probably proved 2^ Ma^, 1627. (4) Married there 13 July, 1623. 

To be buried at Cawthorne. His wife was (5^ Married there 13 July, 1623. She called 

daughter of William Green, of Micklethwaite, " widow." 

and they had two daughters, Beatrix, married (6) Married there 22 July, 1623. 

to John Allot, of Bentley Grange, and Mary, to (7) Married at Halifax, 37 July, 1623. 
N icholas Bowden, of Bowdcn, co. Derby. 



PAVER^S MARRIAGE LICENSES. 7 

William Fox, of Scawby, and Ann Salmon, of Filing — at Filing. 

William Thorpe, of Whitkirk, and Alice Stable, of Thorner — at either place. 

George Squire, of Harwood, and Frances Croland, of Spofforth — at either place. 

Samuel Hall, of Guiseley, and Sarah Holmes, of St. Sampson, York — at St. Sampson. 

Seth Lazenby, of Huntington, and Jane Farman, of Wigginton— at cither place. 

Richard Nelson, of Holy Trinity, Goodram-gate, and Jane Homer, of St. Saviour, 
York — at St. Saviour. 

Richard Riley and Elizabeth Denton, of Baildon — at Otley or Baildon. 

Gilbert Jagger and Mary Keighley, of Kirkheaton — at Mirfield or Kirkheaton. 

Thomas Mitchell, of Skirlaugh, and Jane Wilson, of Humbleton — at either place. 

Thomas Brecks and Jane Slingsby, of Fewston — at Fewston. 

Thomas Moore, clerk, rector of Scawton, and Mary Wilson, of Naburn — of 
Naburn, or St. George, York. 

[333] 

Christopher Wilson and Mary Ibbotson, of Bradfield — at Bradtield. 

Leonard Wilson and Isabel Thompson, widow, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

William Phillip, of Addle, and Grace Birks, of Otley — at Addle. ^ 

William Plewes, of Catterick, and Mary Leedam, widow, of Raskelf — at eiiher place. 

Thomas Roods, of Pannall, and Alice Bickerdike, of Spofforth — at either place. 

Edward Edson, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Smith, of Harwood — at Harwood. 

Jeremiah Gascoigne, of Holy Trinity, and Margaret Pinder, widow, of St. Mary. 
Hull— at St. Mary. 

Thomas Cooke and Ann Taylor, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Robert Robson, of Slingsby, and Elizabeth Atherton, of Foston — ^at eiiher place. 

Thomas Vavasour, of Millington, and Jane Cudworlh, widow, of All Saints, 
Pavement, York — at either place. 

Christopher Dawson, of Arncliffe, and Alice Buck, widow, of Horton — at cither 
place. 

John Rigden, of EUerton, and Francis Fowkes, of Evcringham — at Everingham. 

William Chauntry, of Stainforth, Halifax, and Elizabeth Spivey, of Moss, Campsall 
— at Campsall. 

Richard Trott, clerk, curate of Hessle, and Elizabeth Sisson, of the same — at 
Hessle. 

John Wadworth, of Patrington, and Catherine Cooke, of Ottringham — at either 
place. 

Stephen Dales, of Frothingham, and Helen Hardman, of Atwick — at Frothingham. 

George Dunwell and Isabel Brown, of Otley — ^at Otley. ^ 

James Riley and Margaret Seinas, of Skipton — at Skipton.^ 

John Buckle,* of All Saints, North Street, York, and Sarah Leshman, alias 
Harrison, widow, daughter of Thomas Harrison, clerk, vicar of Crambe — of 
either place. 

[334] 

Marmaduke Lovell, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Bee, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, 
York — at Holy Trinity. 

Edward Wright and Catherine Withes, of Ripon— at Ripon. 

Hugh Baldwin, of Marton, and Ellen Burton, widow, of Giggles wick —at either 
place. 

Francis Lee and Mar)' Holdsworth, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

Heiuy Bunney, of London, and Margaret Saltonstall, of Doncaster— at Doncaster. 

Roger Noble and Elizabeth Greenbank, alias Willey, widow, of Whitby — at Whitby. 

(1) Married ihcre 13 Sept, 1623. She is called (3) Married at Skipton, 14 Sept., 1623. She 
Grace Birch, of Brainhopp. is called Sinnewes. 

(2) Married at Holy Trinity, Micklegale, (4) Quer)' for liuckltry. 

York, 20 Aug-, 1633. (5) Married there 5 Sept., 1623. 



8 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

John Moorby, of Waterfryston, and Agnes Simpson, of Brotherton — at either place. 

Henry Wilson and Joan Dobson, widow, of Linton -in -Craven— at Linton. 

William Atkinson, of Wragby, and Elizabeth Langhom, widow, of St. Cuthbert, 
Carlisle — at either place. 

Gregory Creyke, of Bridlington,* and Ursula Legard, of Ganton— at Ganton. 
Thomas Milnes and Isabel Mitchell, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 
Peter Watson, of Withernwick, and Margaret Riston, of Mapleton — ^at either place. 
William Wood, of Ecclesfield, and Elizabeth Frank, of Pontefract — at either place. 
John Burdett, of Peniston, and Sarah Kaye, of Almondbury — at either place. 

Charles Campleshone, of Catton, and Eleanor Wilkinson, of Copmanthorpe — at 
either place. 

Christopher Wade, gen., of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York, and Jane Backhouse, 
of Bolton Percy— at Holy Trinity. '^ 

William Turner, of Womersley, and Elizabeth Ledsham, widow, of Monkfryston — 
at either place. ^ 

Anthony Sickermore and Joan Barroby, of Eskrigg — at Eskrigg. 

George Fairfax and Margery Kildale, of Whitby — at Whitby. 

John Palmer, of York, and Beatrice Wayte, widow, of All Saints, North Street, 
York— at All Saints. 

[335] 

Ingram Hodgson and Agnes Barroclough, widow, of Skipton — at Skipton.* 

Nicholas Smith and Mary Sutcliffe, of Halifax — at Halifax. '^ 

Daniel Maude, of Wakefield, and Margaret Whittell, of Eland — at Eland. ^ 

Thomas Pilkington, of Bessingby, and Jane Watson, of Bridlington — at Bridlington. 

William Jennings and Grace Clerk, of St. Manin, Coney Street, York — ^at St. 
Martin. 

William Sheppard and Jane Shipman, of Houghthwaite-in-Adwick— at Adwick. 

Thomas Wilson and Catherine Catterall, widow, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

William Abbey, of Tockwith, and Jane Browne, of Holy Trinity, Goodram-gate, 
York— at Holy Trinity. 

Thomas Lindley, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Fairbame, of Adle — at either place.'' 

William Dewhirst, of Marton, and Ann Tomlinson, of Gargrave— at either place. 

Adam Heeles and Martha Crabtree, of Bradford — at Bradford. 

John Markendale and Alice Gawthorpe, of Gargrave — ^at Gargrave. 

Robert Gurncll and Elizabeth West, of Bishopthorpe — at Bishopthorpe. 

Gilbert Deane, of Eland, and Elizabeth Burdett, widow, of Emley — at either place. ** 

John Shillito, of Sandal Magna, and Margaret Blackburn, of Wakefield— at 
Wakefield. 

Gabriel Brearcliffe, of Garforth, and Sarah Brooke, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York 
— at St. Helen. 

John Pullcyne, of Harwood, and Isabel Rogers, of Kirkby Overblows— at either 
place. 

Robert Ripley and Mary Marshall, widow, » of Holy Trinity, Hull— at Holy Trinity. 

Robert Cooke, of Nottingham, and Elizabeth Waldron, of West Bridgford — at West 
Bridgford. 

(i) Son of Ralph Creyke, of Marton, buried (5) Married there 17 Nov., 1623. 

1 January, 1670-1, at S. Mary's, Beverley. She (6) Married there 30 Sept., 1623. 

was daughter, of John Legard, of Ganton, also (7) In neither register, 

buried at Beverley, i Oct., 1666. They were (8) Not at EUand. 

married 9 April, 1623. Sec Dugdale's VisitattOH, (9) She would probably be the daughter of 

p. 328. ^ Francis Burrell, of Hull} and be buried at Holy 

(2) Married there 18 Sept., 1623. Trinity, 5 Dec, 1650. Their eldest son was 

(3) Not at Monk Fryston. called Marshall Ripley. See Dugdale's Visi- 

(4) Married there 27 Sept., 1633. tation, p. 130. 



paver's marriage licenses. 9 

[336] 

Francis Powle, gen., of York, and Mary Topham, of St. Martin, Micklegate, York 
-—at St. Martin. 1 

Thomas Taylor, of Welton, and Ann Brocklebank, of Hesslc — at either place. 

Robert Nowell, of Whalley, Lancashire, and Sarah Whitley, of St. Martin, Coney 
Street, York — at either place. 

William Fawcett and Jane Swale, widow, of Askham Bryan — ^at Askham Bryan. 

James Deane, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York, and Margaret Waller, of St. 
Crux — at either place. 

William Plant, gen., of Bilton, and Isabel- Rhodes, widow, of Sherbum — at either 
place. 

Thomas Lee and Douglas Birkes, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

Robert Kirkby, of Ripon, and Mary Barnard (?), of Hull — at Ripon. 

Stephen Fox and Isabel Perrons, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Ralph Headley, of Normanby, and Elizabeth Tempest, of Womersley — at cither 
place. 

Robert Ruddock and Margaret Stamper, of Westow — at Westow. 

William Slingsby and Helen Howden, of Fewston — at Fewston.'* 

Robert Eyre and Ann Pell, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

William Gill and Joan Bentley, of Pannall— at Pannall. 

Anthony Craggs, of Harwood, and Elizabeth Wetherhead, of Pannall — at either 
place. 

Robert Vaux, of St. Mary, Castlegate, York, and Clare Taylor, of Marton — at either 
place. 

William Parkin, of Halifax, and Elizabeth Drake, widow, of St. Martin, Micklegate, 
York— at St. Martin. •"» 

John Wprmall and Mary Asden, widow, of Halifax — at Halifax.* 

William Sparrow and Ann Dudding, widow, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Matthew Mitchell and Susan t'leld, of Bradford— at Bradford. 

[337] 

George Simm, of Elton, dioc. Durham, and Judith Thompson, of Scarborough — at 
Scarborough. 

John Scatcherd and Ann Stansfield, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

Christopher Topham, gen., of York, and Ann Levet, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 
York— at St. Michael. « 

Thomas Aspinall and Ann Ness, widow, of Hull — at Holy Trinity or St. Mary, Hull. 

Christopher Pinder, of Owthorne, and Jane Jackson, of Hilsham — at either place. 

Francis Jenkinson and Ann Rawson, widow, of Barnsley — at Barnsley. 

George Smith and Ann Watcrhouse. of Harthill— at Harthill.® 

Edward Brownell and Ellen Higgin, of Kirk Deighton — at Kirk Dcighton. 

Nicholas Oddy, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Smith, of Baildon — at Baildon or Otley. 

Christopher Rasby, of Kirk Smealon, and Barbara Saltonstall, of Badsworth — at 

eitner place. 
William Lee, of Noblethorpe, and Margaret Cioldwell (?), of Bull Hall, in Silkstone 

— at Silkstone. 

John Crowther and Margaret Baxter, widow, of Rotherham — at Rotherham. 

William Spence, of Guisbrough, and Ann Spence, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 
York— at St. Michael. ^ 

Anthony Morris, of Skirlaugh, and Elizabeth Stephenson, of Sigglesthorn — at either 
place. 

Edmund Holmes and Ann Blakey, of Sandal Magna— at Sandal Magna. 

(1) Mr. Francys Powel and Marye Topham, (4) Married there 12 Nov., 1623. 

daughter lo Mr. Aid. Topham, married 14 Oct., z^) Married there 12 Nov., 1623. 
1623 {St. MarttHS Register). *« • j .u xi c. 

(a) Married there 29 Oct., 1623. (^> M*"|«d l»»«^re 17 Nov.. 1623. 

(3) Married there 4 Nov., 16^3. (7) Married there 16 Nov.. 1623. 



10 th£ Yorkshire ARCHifioLooiCAL journal. 

Barnard Gilpin and Ann Robinson, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Leonard Lewty, of Clint, and Ann Beane, of Newbrig in Hampsthwaite — at 
Hampsthwaite. 

Richard Holland and Dorothy Casson, widow, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

William Morley, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Ann Leedes, of St. John, 
'Mickl^ate, York — at either place. ^ 

Edmund Hepworth, of Thornhill, and Sarah Wood, of Kirkheaton — at either place. 

[338J 

John Greaves and Mary Woodhead, of Bradfield — at Bradfield. 

Richard Atkinson, of Skipton, and Mary Cockerell, of Skefling— at either place. 

Francis Cracroft, of Grimston, and Jane Waterhouse, widow, of St. Michael-le- 
Belfrey, York — at either place. ^ 

William Marr, of Skitby, and Ann Langthorne, of Northcave —at either place. 

Mark Micklethwaite, clerk, ^ rector of Long Marslon, and Agnes Hanson, of Halifax 
— ^at Leeds. 

William Horsley and Mary Johnson, widow, of Langton — at Langton. 

Laurence Lemon, of St. Mary, and Elizabeth Raikes, of Holy Trinity, Hull — ^at 
Holy Trinity. 

William Alkin, junior, and Magdalen Spawton, of Finningley — at Finningley. 

William Paget, of Kellington, and Susan Faucon bridge, of Pontefract — ^at Pontefract. 

Thomas Hewland and Hesther Wickham, of Cottingham — at Cottingham. 

Thomas Worsley, of Hovingham,* and Elizabeth Wood, daughter of Sir John Wood, 
of Sutton — at either place. 

William Tennant, of Kirkby Malham, and Isabel Hartley, of Burnsall — at either place.^ 

Richard Richardson and Helen Dibb, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — at St. Helen. 

George Smith and Helen Hardcastle, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Thomas Ellis, of Wheldrake, and Emot Sanderson, of St. Sampson, York — at St. 
Sampson. 

Robert Catlin, of Silkstone, and Susan Naylor, of Wakefield — at either place. 

Thomas Broughton, clerk, of Doncaster, and Mary Wilbore, of Arksey — at Doncaster. 

William Walker and Mary Crosley, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Ralph Swift, of Rothwell, and Ellen Broadhead, of Royston — at either place. 

[339] 

William Chapman, of Northdalton, and Alice Harper, of Hugett — at either place. 

Henry Jackman and Susan Brighouse, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

John Etty and Jane Nicholson, of Acaster Malbis — at Acaster Malbis. 

John Hall, of Strensal, and Beatrice Hill, of Thorpe Underwood — at Great 
Ouseburn or Strensal. 

Thomas Hirst, of Wakefield, and Jane Copley, widow, of East Ardsley — ^at either 
place. 

Thomas Clough, of Skipton, gen., and Frances Ellis, of St. Martin, Coney Street, 
York — at St. Martin. 

Cuthbcrt Witham, gen., and Catherine Waller, widow,** of Garforih — at Garforth. 

George Wood, of Lastingham, and Margaret Dowsing, of Crambe — at either place. 

William Savage and Ann Bradley, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey — at St. Michael."^ 

James Nettleton, of Bierley, and Janet Cordley, of Bowling — at Bradford. 

Ralph Burne, of Naburn, and Dorothy Cowper, of Wheldrake — ^at St. George's, York. 

(1) Married at St. Michael's, 20 Nov., 1623. (4) Son of Thomas Worsley, who was buried 

(2) Married at St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 20 t\ Hovingham, 15 Feb., 1658. He died before 
Nov., 1623. "*s father. 

(j) Son of Elias Micklethwaite, Lord Mayor ,|j In^ Dxxgi^lc'T yisiiaiion, p. 374, she is 

of York, buried at Marston 18 Nov., 1648. She ^^1,^^ ^^^^^ ^f William Walker, of Halnhall. 

was daughter of llamas Hanson of Rastnck, ghe was Wiiham's second wife, 

baptized at Llland, 17 Nov. 1588. They were (j Married there 17 Dec., 1633. She is 

married at Leeds, 26 Nov., 1623. called Jane. 



1>AVER*S MARRIAGE LICENSES. 11 

William Turpin, of Newlhrope in Sherburn, and Margaret Heald, of Hawton in 
Whitkirk — at Sherburn or Whitkirk. 

Alexander Revcll and Ann Riggs, of Adlingfleet — at Adlingflect. 

Thomas Staveley, of Thormanby, and Petronel Chambers, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey. 
York— at St. xMichael-le-Belfrey.^ 

Michael Browne and Jane Reynard, of Raskelf— at Raskclf. 

William Smith and Elizabeth Pickard, of Otley — ^at Otley. 

Henry Fetherstonhaugh, of Kirkoswald, dioc. Carlisle, and Jane Pattrickson, widow, 
of Kareswellhow — at either place. 

Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, gen., of Kirkoswald, and Bridget Pattrickson, of 
Kareswellhow — at either place. 

CJeorge Normanton, of Heptonstall,and Mary Wadsworth, of Sowerby — at lleptonstall. 

[340] 

'1 homas Elsam and Elizabeth Blaydes, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Alexander Pickering, of Wistow, and Margaret Townrow, widow, of Monkfryston — 
at either place. ^ 

Ralph Browne, of St. Martin, Coney Street, and Jane Beane, of St. Mary, 
Bishophill, senior, York — at St. Maiy. 

William Burton and Elizabeth Pighills, of Wakefield— at Wakefield. 

William Gregory, of Bamby-upon-Don, and Frances Browne, of Mexborough — at 
either place. 

John Bradley, of St. Saviour, and Elizabeth Benson, widow, of St. Sampson, York 
— at either place. 

Richard Poppleton and Frances Bowman, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Thomas Brabbs, clerk, and Catherine Cooke, widow, of Hotham — at Holham. 

Tristram Pearson and Barbara Reynard, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Thomas Mudd and Alice Lister, of Stonegrave — at Stonegrave. 

John Boyes and Helen Newton, widow, of Whitby — at Whitby. 

Christopher Chapman and Elizabeth Richardson, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy 
Tnnity. 

John Simpson and Jane Topham, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Henry Gill, of Kildwick, and Lucy Beecrofi, of Thornton — at either place. 

Thomas Dealtry, gen., of Fullsutton, and Ann Lazenby, widow, of St. Margaret, 
York — at St. Margaret. 

Thomas Lewis, of Towton, and Elizabeth Richardson, of Kellington— at Saxton or 
Kellington. 

lliomas Wilson and Catherine Ingham, of Owston — at Owston. 

Thomas Turner, of Skitby, in Dalby, and Jane Atkinson, *of Tollerton — at either place. 

John Gibson and Ellis Bird, of Easington — ^at Easington. 

[341] 

Matthew Styan, of Thorner, and Elizabeth Ball, of Whitkirk —at Whitkirk. » 

Matthew Sedgwick, of Horton, and Thomasin Moorhousc, of Giggleswick — at either 
place. 

Anthony Everingham, of Thurne, and Grace Bolton, of Brotherton — at either place. 

John Preston and Mary Briggs, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

Richard Swinden and Rebecca Fentiman, of Tankersley — at Tankersley. 

William Ridehal and Margaret Snawden, widow, of Collingham — ^at CoUingham. 

William Chantrell, clerk. Rector of Walkington, and Mary Hudson, widow, of St. 
Mary, Hull — at St. Mary. 

Nicholas Wiggoner and Ann Boyes, of Whitby — at Whitby. 

Robert Harrison, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Ann Ellis, of St. Crux — at 
St. Crux. 

(i) Married there 17 Dec., 1623. (2) Not at Monk Fryston. 

(3) Married there 19 Jan., 1623-4. 



12 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Anthony Hill, of Thorparch, and Thomasin Cowper, of St. Sampson, York — at St. 
Sampson. 

George Ramsden, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Jane Johnson, of Drypool — at Drypool. 

John Dawson, of Whitkirk, and Ellen Cnunell (?),^ of Leeds — at either place. ^ 

John Newsome, of Harwood, and Jane Cawdrey, of Otley — at either place. 

William Lepton, of Calverley, and Margaret Farrow, of Tong — at either place. 

Lister Symondson and Alice Calvert, of Starbotton — at Kettlcwell. 

Charles Stoutville, of Hunmanby, and Elizabeth Knowlesley, of Burton Fleming — at 
Burton Fleming.^ 

William Corbett and Alice Rhodes, of Bridlington — at Bridlington. 

Richard Robinson, of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, and Ellen Robinson, of St. Dennis, 
York —at either place. 

Francis Smith, of Tong, and Rosamond Hawksworth, of Bradford — at Tong. 

Anthony Abbey and Alice Simpson, of Fairburn — at Ledsham. 

[342] 
John Mappleton, of St. Mary, Beverley, and Ann Moore, widow, of Burton Agnes — 

at either place. 

George Thompson and Deborahill Moone, of Filey — at Filey. 

John Thompson and Ann Gunby, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, York — at St. Michael. 

Anthony Sharpe and Margaret Outhwaite, of Lowthorpe — at Lowthorpe. 

William Ellinthorpe and Janet Hartley, of Gisburn — at Gisbum. 

Robert Lilley, of St. Crux, York, and Ann Fletcher, of Wakefield — at St. Crux. 

William Guy and Joan Gartham, of Kirkella — at Kirkella.* 

Edward Knowles, of Halifax, and Ann Stephenson, of Burnley — at either place. 

Edward Harrison and Elizabeth Wilson, of Silkston —at Silkston. 

Edmund Marston, of Almondbury, and Susan Thornton, of Kirkheaton — at either 
place. 

John Crooke, of Weston, and Mary Ellison, of Collingham— at either place. 

Richard Scott^ and Elizabeth Norcliffe, widow, of St. Mary, Castlegate, York — at 
St. Mary. 

William Knapton, of Barwick-in-Elmete, and Mary Johnson, of Rothwell— at either 
place. 

Edward Barber, of Darton, and Dorothy Sheppard, of Peniston — at either place. 

Gilbert Croft and Bridget Marshe, widow, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

•John Thompson, of Myton, and Jane Barugh, widow, of Brafferton — at either place. 

John Watson, of Retford, and Elizabeth Sherburn, of Bawtry — at Bawtry. 

George Meryton, esq.,'* of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Jane Adams, of Owston 
— at either place. 

Richard Jackson, of Scorborough, and Mary Browne, widow, of St. John, Beverley 
— at Scorborough. 

Bernard Smith and Jane Field, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

[343] 

Richard Scarth, of Huiton Rudby, and Margaret Watson, of Leak — at either place. 

William Harwood, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Elizabeth Bennington, of Cottingham 
— at either place. 

Christopher Foster, of Ampleford, and Elizabeth Garnelt, widow, of Dalby, at 
Ampleford. 

(i) Gunnel!. (5) Afterwards Sir Richard Scott, Knight, of 

(2) Not at Leeds. games Hall, died 17 July, 1638, M.I. Ecclesfield. 
^.-_.,, _., - ,, She was his second wife, daughter of John 

(3) Married there 3 Feb., 1623-4. He was udall, Esq., of York, and widow of Stephen 
the son of Charles Stoutville, of Hunmanby, Norcliffe, Esq., of York. They were married at 
she daughter and co-heiress of Robert Knowsley, gj Mary's 4 April 1624 

of Burton Fleming. See Dugdale's Visitatio-,, fg) Probably the'cldes't <,ax\ of Dr. George 

P- 87- Meryton, Dean of York. See Dugdale's Visi- 

(4) Married there 9 Feb., 1623-4. tation^ 107. 



PAVER^S MARRIAGE LICENSES* 13 

Christopher Taylor, of St. Margaret, York, and Alice Straker, of Dunninglon — at 
either place. 

William Pickering and Jane Acie (Acy), of St. Mary, Hull — at St. Mary. 

Josiah Hubbert and Dorothy Singleton, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. • 

Thomas Browne, of St. Martin. Micklegate, and Helen Wawgate (?), of St. Michael- 
le-Belfrey, York — at St. Michael.^ 

William Spilsby and Ann Marr, of Riston — at Riston. 

William Peacock and Isabel Gentleman, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Gilbert Manckling, of All Saints, Pavement, York, and Faith Miffin, of Wintringham 
— at either place. 

William Banks, of St. Mary, Hull, and Barbara Barker, now of Holy Trinity, Hull, 
and late of Kayingham, dau. of Wm. Barker — at either place. 

George Banister and Sibel Stables, of I^eds — ^at Leeds. ^ 

Thomas Watson and Ann Crosland, widow, of Methley — at Methley. 

Robert Murton, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Jane Adams, of Owston — ^at either place. 

Edmund Kirshaw and Sarah Northend, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

William Smith and Lucretia Hillary, of Leeds — ^at I^eds.* 

Thomas Dawson, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Agnes Dobson, of Howden — at either 
place. 

Edward Eyre, of Bradfield, and Ann Shaw, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Matthew Dent and Dorothy Holdsworth, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

[344] 

James Wood and Mary Snowden, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

George Gill, of Wragby, and Margaret Burrow, widow, of Wakefield — at Wragby. 

John Robertson and Elizabeth Beesby, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Hieronimus Greenwood and Ann Wadsworth, widow, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

Percival Harker, of Bilsdale, and Elizabeth Wilson, widow, of Hawnby — at Hawnby. 

1624. 

Thomas Micklethwaite, clerk. Rector of Cherry Burton, and Mary Crompton, of 
Bishop Burton — at Bishop Burton. 

Edmund Brooke, of Huddcrsfield, and Mary Gornell, of Mirfield — ^at either place. 

William Tyndall, gen., and Elizabeth Weddcll, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 
York— at St. Michael. « 

John Broughton, of Arksey, and Ann Moore, widow, of Braywell — at either place. 

Robert Killingbeck, of Kirkby Overblow, and Ann Wood, of Addle — at Addle.'' 

Henry Thompson, of Bolton-in-Wensley, and Dorothy Smith, of Leeds — at either 
place. ® 

Henry Horsfall and Agnes Gledhill, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

William Snowby (?), of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York, and Elizabeth Cawthorne, 
widow, of Wakefield — at Holy Trinity. ° 

Robert Elliott, of Hutton Pannal, and Elizabeth Gill, of Felkirk— at Felkirk. 

James Hall and Margaret Ambler, alias Shearcrofte, of Arksey — at Arksey. 

William Smith, of North Frothingham, and Ann Wade, of Foston — at either place. 

[345] 

George Palliser, of Ripley, and Elizabeth Killingbeck, of Ripon — at Ripley. 

John Wilkinson, of Almondbury, and Alice Northend, of Kirkheaton — at either place. 

William Whitley, of Leeds, and Jenet Whitley, of Calverley — ^at either place. ^<* 

(i) Married there 24 Feb., 1633-4. Her name (7) Married there 13 April, 1624, she "widow." 

is Waggett in the Register. (8) Not at Leeds. 

(2) Not in the Leeds Registers. (9) William Scrowb^ and EHz. Cawthorne, 

(3) Married there 38 March, 1634. married at Holy Trinity, Micklegate, 10 April, 

(4) Married at Leeds, 29 March, 1624. 1624. 

(5) Married there 5 April, 1634. (10) Not at Leeds. The Calverley marriages 
(o) Married there 6 April, 1624. are missing, 1607-39. 



14 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Robert Ramsden, of Bradley, and Martha Howgate, widow, of Halifax — at Eiland.^ 

Nicholas Baxter, of Selby, and Margaret Horsell, of Riccall — at either place. 

Samuel Lazenby, gen., of South Erasall, and Gertrude Carver, of Brodsworth — at 
Brods worth. 

Richard Wood, of Chesterfield, co. Derby, and Mary Allott, of Sandal Magna — at 
Sandal Magna. 

Philip Hammond, clerk. Curate of Holme, Spalding, and Philippa Sotheran, of the 
same — at Holme. 

Thomas Greenshaw, of Homsey, and Eleanor Johnson, of Bridlington — at Hornsey. 

Roger Schofield, of Darfield, and Frances Potter, of Tankersley — ^at either place. 

Henry Taylor and Alice Howie, widow, of Leeds — at Leeds. ^ 

Thomas Hall, of Stockbrig, and Frances Wildon, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York 
at St. Helen. 

James Pattrick, of Barton-on-Humber, co. Lincoln, and Cecily Empringham, of 
* Cottingham — at Cottingham. 

George Beale, of Barley,'* and Helen Constable, of Everingham — at Everingham. 

Thomas Roantree and Elizal>eth Nicholson, widow, of Leeds — ^at Leeds.* 

[346] 

Robert Daniell, gen., of Beswick, and Elizabeth Hansley, of Lockington — ^at either 

place. 

Barnabas Maude, of Wakefield,*^ and Margaret Tatham, of Pontefract — at either 
place. 

William Smith, of Aston, and Ann Booth, of South Wheatley — at either place. 

Thomas Massey, of Bolton Percy, and Jane Fox, of Rawcliflfe — at Bolton Percy or 
Snaith. 

Richard Cordukes, of Barton-in-Cramb, and Ursula Etty, of Holy Trinity, King's 
Court, York — at Holy Trinity. 

Thomas Reynold and Ann Graves, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Isaac Watcrhouse and Ruth Midgley, of Halifax — at Halifax.* 

Roger Fisher and Alice Garton, of Hutton Cranswick — at Hutton Cranswick. 

William Pybus and Ann Hardacre, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 

Gregory Farrer, of Bradford, and Agnes Broadley, of Haworth —at either place. 

Thomas Wilson, of Newsome-in-Kirby, and Joan Dale, widow, of Sheriff Hutton — 
at Sheriff Hutton. 

William Peck, of Aston, and Mary Holdsworth, of Sheffield — at either place. 

Benjamin Newton, of Watton, and Elizabeth Etherington, of Midleton — at Watton. 

John Riccard, of Cowick, and Sarah Witham, dau. of Cuthbert Witham,^ of 
Garforth — at Garforth. 

Arthur Riley, of Addingham, and Mary Robinson, widow, of Wakefield — at 
Wakefield. 

Robert Beane and Mary Birdsall, of Tadcaster — at Tadcaster. 

Robert Birdsall and Eleanor Bilbrough, of Tadcaster — at Tadcaster. 

Matthew Hutton, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York, and Susan Hill, of Naburn 
— at Naburn. 

[347] 

Thomas Smales, of Hornsey, and Jane Collinson, of Aldborough. 

William Sotterthwaite, of Greasbrough, and Ellen Marriott, widow, of Rawmarsh — 
at Rawmarsh. 

George Halstead and Mary Thomas, of Heptonstall — at Halifax or Heptonstall. 

(i) Not in the Elland Registers. (5) Son of John Maude, of Wakefield. He 

^2) Married there 1 May, 1624. ^ was buried in the High Choir of Wakefield, in 

(3) George Beale, ofWoodhouse, married first March, 1642-3. See Foster's Yorkshire Families. 
Ellen, daughter of Marmaduke Constable, of (6) Married there 7 May, 1624. 

the house of Everingham. See Dugdales Visi- (7) Daughterof Cuthbert Witham, of Garforth, 

tation, p. 189. see Dugdate's Visitation^ 374. 

(4) Not at Leeds, 



paver's marriage licenses. 



15 



John Trotter, of St. Crux, York, and Elizabeth Rogers, of Sutton Forest — ^at either 

place. 
Mark Empson and Ann Lilly, widow, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 
George Waddington, of Arthington, and Elizabeth Cave, of Otley— at Adie or Otley. 
Bid ward Roebuck and Elizabeth Thorpe, of Sharlston — at Warmfield. 
Thomas Craven^ and Margaret Craven, of Burnsal — at Burnsal. 
Anthony Banks, of Bradford, and Alice Walker, of Mirfield — at either place. 
John Ledsam, of Monkfryston, and Mary Rasby, of Smeaton — at Smeaton. 
Thomas Harrison, of Sutton, and Martha Blackbume, of Marfleet — at cither place. 
John Purdon, of Swine, and Elizabeth Welles, of St. Mary, Hull — at either place. 
William Bulmer and Margaret Burnett, of Wilton — at Wilton. 

John Hargreaves, of Bolton-by-Boland, and Ann Lancaster, of Gisbum — at either 

place. 
Henry Howson, of Snaith, and Jane Howson, of Fishlake — at either place. 

[Omitted] Maude, ^ clerk, Vicar of Wakefield, and Susan Smith, of Huddersfield — at 
Huddersfield. 

Christopher Legard, of Hessle,-** and Mary Rokeby, of North Cave — at either place. 

Roger Turner, of Kirkham, and Elizabeth Hall, of Clithero — at Clithero or Whalley. 

Thomas Wood and Elizabeth Sayle, of Kirksmeton — at Kirksmeton. 

[348J 

George Mawson, of Crofton, and Elizabeth Thomasin, of Fishlake — at either place. 

George Daggett, of Pickhall, and Mary Browne, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Thomas Young, esq., of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Jane Adams, of Marr — 
at Marr.* 

Thomas Thorpe and Margery Hall, or Hull, widow, of Kellington — at Kellington. 

Giles Wethercll, gen., of Stockton, co. Durham, and Ann Marwood, of Great Ayton 
— at Great Ayton. 

Henry Crabtree and Alice Moore, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Samuel PuUeyne and Ann Cooke, of Leeds — at Leeds. '' 

Robert Pate, of Filingdales, and Thomasin Coulston, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 

John Green, of Sheriff Hutton, and Elizabeth Turner, of St. Crux, York — ^at either 
place. 

Samuel Braithwaite, of Long Leversedge, and Elizabeth Townend, of Wakefield — 
at Wakefield. 

Ralph Hoggard and Margaret Lyon, of Farndale — at Lastingham or Kirby Moorside. 

Robert Fielde and Elizabeth Field, of Bradford — at Bradford. 

John Douglas and Janet Brooke, of Leeds — at Leeds.® 

Robert Wilkinson and Bridget Bateson, of Bingley — at Bingley.^ 

Anthony Benns, clerk, of High Hoyland, and Elizabeth Binns, of Almondbury — at 
Almondbury. 

Christopher Philipson, gen. (?), of Melsonby, and Mary Percehay, of St. Martin, 
Coney -street, York — at St. Martin. 



(i) Thomas, son of Anthony Craven, of Apple- 
treewick, was baptized at Bumsall, 3 Oct., 1585, 
buried there 14 April, 1636, married there 35 
May, 1624, Margaret, daughter of Robert Craven, 
of AppietreewicK. They had issue. Sir Anthony 
of Sparsholt, Knight and Hart.. Sir Robert of 
Kensington, Knight, Master of the Horse to thf 
Qn«eh of Bohemia, and Sir William, of Win wick, 
knight. See Dugdalg's Visitation, continued, 

3l8. 

(3) ? Timothy Maude, M.A., instituted Vicar 
of Wakefield a8 Feb., 1620. Buried in the church 
there 10 July. 1625. 

13) Son of Robert Legard, of Anlaby, by Ann, 
daughter of William Daniell, of Beswick. Sh^ 



was daughter of William Rokeby, of Hotham, 
hv Dorothy, daughter of William Rokeby, of 
Skiers, and w.is buried at Kirk Ella, 28 Oct., 1651. 

(4) Son of Sir George, and grandson of Thomas 
Young, Archbishop of York. She was the 
dauj^hter of Philip Adams, of Owston, and 
baptized there 15 March, 1600. 

(5) Married 8 lune, 1624. He was first master 
of the Free School at Leeds, and afterwards 
Archbishop of Tuam. She was daughter of 
Alexander Cooke, Vicar of Leeds. 

(6) Married 29 June, 1624. 

(7) Married 15 June, 1624. 



16 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Thomas Greenbury, of Leven, and Margaret Scott, widow, of St. Nicholas, 
Beverley — at either place. 

Edward Clayton, of Crofton, and Ann Rayney, widow, of Felkirk — at Felkirk. 

John Slinger and Mary Smithson, of Easby — at Easby. 

[349] 

Thomas Hill, of Brodsworth, and Mary Aislaby, of Doncaster — at either place. 

Thomas Marshall, of Flamborough, and Ann Creyke, widow, of Sewerby — at 
Flamborough. 

John Ellis and Sarah Berry, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

William Morton, of St. Martin, Coney Street, and Dorothy Shaw, of Holy Trinity, 
Micklegate, York — at either place. ^ 

John Saunderson, alias Webster, at Helmsley, and Mary Flintoft, widow, of. 
Hawnby — at either place. 

William Pearson, of Harpham, and Susan Bust (?), of Bessingby — at Bessingby. 

Robert Parker and Isabel Ripley, of Slaidburn — at Slaidburn. 

John Waddington, of Bingley, and Alice Moore, of Halifax — at Bingley.^ 

Roger Monkman, of Pickering, and Phillippa Ringrose, of Kirkby Misperton — at 
Kirkby Misperton. 

Edward Dunnill, of Wakefield, and Jane Robuck, widow, of Warmsworth — at either 
place. 

Rowland Watkinson, of Tadcaster, and Mary Lound, widow, of Sheffield — at either 
place. 

Christopher Foster, of Carlton Husthwaite, and Maiy Throslett, of St. Leonard, 
New Malton — at St. Leonard. 

John Key, of Linton, and Jane Slater, of Skipton — ^at Linton. 

Bartholomew Dudding, of Eastrington, and Martha Vavasour, of Wresle — at either 
place. 

John Hornsby, of St. Sampson, and Jane Wilkinson, of St. Michael-lc-Belfrey, 
York — at either place. ^ 

Robert Harrington and Elizabeth Plummer, of St. Martin, Micklegate, York — at 
St. Martin.* 

Edmund Prunder (? Runder), of Patelybridge, and Alice Gill, of Middlesmoor — at 
either place. 

George Wood, of South Kilvington, and Margaret Seaton, of Easingwold — at either 
place. 

Richard Raikes, of Holy Trinity, and Ann Mather, widow, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either place. ^ 

Lancelot Alured, gen., and Dame Grace Davile, widow, of Filey — at Filey. 

James Hopkinson, of St. Crux, York, and Ann Bennington, of Kirkella — at either 
place. ** 

John Wetherhead, of Harwood, and Ann Greaves, of Aberford — at either place. 

William Bailey and Ann Holden, of Ecclesfield — at Ecclesfield. 

Robert Mercer, of Hornsey, and Elizabeth Linfoot, of Escrig — at Elscrig. 

Robert Paulin, of Lund, and Elizabeth Sherwood, of Walkington — at either place. 

John Rudd, of Watlinglon, and Elizabeth Walker, of Arksey — at Arksey. 

Thomas Hill and Dorothy Parkins, of Fishlake — at Fishlake. 

Roger Kerchever, of Adwick Street, and Alice Birks, of Doncaster — at either place. 

Robert Coldwell, of Silkston, and Isabel Southwood, of Cawthome — at either place. 

John Almond, of Cottingham, and Mary Kellam, of Walkington — at either place. 

John Whittaker and Isabel Bradley, of Calverley — at Calverley. 

(i) Not at Holy Trinity. (5) See the pedigree of Raikes in Foster's 

In) Married 16 July, 1624. Yorkshire Families. 

(3) Married at St. Michael's, 4 July, 1624. (6) Married at Kirk Ella, 23 Aug., 1624. 

(4) Not in the Register, 



PAVER^S MARRIAGE LICENSES. 17 

William Thomlinson, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Elizabeth Crabtree, of Sculcoates 
— at either place. 

William Lowther, of Leckenfield, and Dorothy Nelson, of St. Mary, Bishophill 
Senior, York — at either place. 

Robert Bulker (?) and Frances Colman, of Swine — at Swine. 

William Oddy, of Bishopthorpe, and Elizabeth Comyn, of Bolton Percy — at Bolton 
Percy. 

JRichard Wright, of Thormanby, and Margaret Lobley, of Topcliffe — at either place. 

William Came (?) and Frances Hoyle, widow, of Rothcrham — at Rotherham. 

[351] 

Christopher Threlkeld, of Osgoodby, in Thirkleby, and Ann Yates, of Thirkleby — 

at Thirkleby. 

"Thomas Brooke and Martha Holgate, of Huddersfield — at Huddersfield. 

George Metcalfe, of Northallerton, and Elizabeth , of St. Helen, Stonegate, 

York — at St. Helen. 

William Brearcliffe and Mary Bacon, of North Cave — at North Cave. 

William Smith, of Filey, and Susan Biggin, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — at St. 
Helen. 

Edward Bell, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, and Elizabeth Stockwith, of St. Olave, 
York — at St. Olave. 

Francis Holmes and Janet Yewdall, of Rothcrham — at Rotherham. 

Thomas Tyndall, of Kirkby Misperton, and Dorothy Dobson, of Malton— at Kirkby 
Misperton. 

William Wood, of Lyth, and Friswell Dobson, of Whitby — at either place. 

Geoffrey Palmer, of Selby, and Ann Morritt, of St. Martin, Coney Street, York — at 
either place. 

William Heaton, of Badsworth, and Mary Royston, of Campsall — ^at Badsworth. 

James Booth, of Bradford, and Bridget Bates, of Calverley — at Calverley. 

Ralph Bower, of Whitby, and Dorothy Linskell, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — at 
either place. 

Thomas Naylor, of Skipsea, and Margaret Barret, widow, of St. Crux, York— at 
either place. 

Richard Monks, of Gisbum, and Maud Slater, of Keighley — at either place. 

Thomas Pickering, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Susan Belt, widow, of St. Saviour, 
York — at St. Saviour. 

John Peele, of Giggleswick, and Margaret Hartley, of Barnoldswick — at either place. 

John Stacey, of Lonsborough, and Emot Osney, of Hesle — at Lonsborough. 

[3S2] 

William Kitchinson, of York, and Grace PuUeyne, of St. Olave, York — at St. Olave. 

Anthony Robinson, of Bishopthorpe, and Elizabeth Coupland, of St. Crux, York — 
at St. Crux. 

Andrew Wolfe and Ann Bateson, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

Thomas Hunter and Ann Burton, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York — ^at St. 
Michael. * 

Edward Straker, of Bishop Wilton, and Ann Goodricke, of Rawcliffc — at Bishop 
Wilton or St. Olave, York. 

Robert Hall, of Wiginton, and Mary Addison, of St. Olave, York — at either place. 
Barney Wood, of Rudston, and Elizabeth Jewitson, of Nafferton — ^at either place.* 
John Ayrton, of Leeds, and Mary Leedam, of Bradford — at either place. ^ 
William Rokeby, of Hotham,*and Frances Hickman, of Bawtry — at Bawtry. 

(t) Not in the Registers. (4) Son of William Rokeby, of Hotham, by 

(a) See Dugdaie's Visitation, p. 78. Dorothy Rokeby. He was created a baronet 

^ ' . - . ao Jan- i6€o-i. She was daughter of Sir 

(3) Not at Leeds. Wilfiam Hickman, Knt., of Gainsborough. They 

were both buried at Went worth. 

VOL. XVL ^ 



18 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Robert Watson, of Rosedale, and Isabel Atkinson, alias Jenkinson, widow, of 
Helmsley — at either place. 

William Walker and Ann Thistlethwaite, of St. Helen, Stonegate,York— at St. Helen. 

Francis Oddy, of All Saints, North Street, York, and Margaret Vevers, of Acomb 
— at All Saints. 

Francis Pate and Alice Dobson, of Levesham — at Levesham. 

William Belt, esq.,* and Susan Millington, widow, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York 
— at St. Michael. 

James Vant and Agnes Adcock, widow, of Leeds — at Leeds. ^ 

Richard Busby, of York, and Elizabeth Wilson, of Gisborough — at Gisborough. 

Thomas Taylor and Mary Bat ley, of Leeds— at Leeds. ^ 

Richard Stephenson, of Bishopburton, and Ann Keld, of Seaton — at Seaton. 

353] 
John Nixon, of Otley, and Mary Gill, of St. Martin, Micklegate, York — at either 

place.* 

Robert Forte, of Marton, and Mary Hodgson, of Broughton — at Broughton. 

John Whittaker and Dorothy Penny, of Heptonstall — at Heptonstall. 

Samuel Wilkinson, gen., of Ledsham, and Ann Foster, widow, of Thurne — at either 
place. 

Samuel Smith, of Whiston, and Mary Bradford, of Arksey — at either place. ^ 

Ezekiel Taylor and Mary Cooke, of Bradford — at Bradford or Birstal. 

Miles White, clerk, A.M., Rector of St. Michael, York, and Isabel Nelson,** of 
Badsworth — [at Badsworth] . 

Robert Birtwisle, of Rotherham, and Mary Webster, of Pontefract— at Pontefract. 

Charles Clarke and Alice Armytage, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

Francis Roantree, of Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, York, and Cecily Croft, of 
Overton — at either place. 

Robert Howden, of Gisburn, and Isabel Evison, of Giggleswick — at either place. 

Thomas Taylor, of Ulleskelf, and Elizabeth Copley, widow, of Ossendike — at 
Kirkby Wharf or Ryther. 

Robert Shaw, of Bradfield, and Elizabeth Birks, of Ecclesfield — at Bradfield or 

• 

William Warde and Ann Brooksbank, of Ecclesfield — ^at Ecclesfield. 

Marmaduke El land, of Batley, and Mary Cooke, of Birstal — at either place. 

Richard Titch marsh and Jane Ridley, of St. John, Beverley — at St. John. 

Thomas Baxter, of Bolton upon Dearn, and Elizabeth Seaman, of Ecclesfield — at 
either place. 

Henry Potter and Cecily Chapman, of Whitby— at Whitby. 

[354] 

John Holmes, of Kildwick, and Ann Pulleyn, of Ripon — at either place. 

Henry Doughty, of Fishlake, and Alice Wayte, of Owston — at either place. 

Edmund Whitwell and Juliana Weddell, of St. John, Beverley — at St. John. 

William Trainholme, of Huntington, and Joan Allen, of Whorlton — at either place. 

John Masterman, of Catton, and Isabel Camplejon, of St. Michael, Spurriei^ate, 
York — at either place. 

Leonard Watson, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, and Mary Masterman, of St. 
Nicholas, York — at either place. 

Richard Bearne, of Bumsall, and Alice Marton, of Rilston — at either place. 

James Saul, junior, and Hesther Saul, of Leeds — at Leeds.'' 

(i) Son of Leonard Belt, of York. He was (i) Married 13 August, 1624. 

afterwards knighted and was Recorder of York. (3) Not in the Register. 

She was his first wife, and they were married (4) St. Martin's Register is imperfect, 

at St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 24 Aug., 1624. She (5^ Married at Arksey, 27 Sept., 1624. 

was buried there 26 Dec., 1630, and he re-married ^6) She was buried 17 Aug., 1634, in St. 

Martha Waterhouse. See Dugdales Visitation^ Michael's Church, Spurriergate. 

continued, (7) Not at Leeds. 



paver's marriage licenses. 19 

Martin Wickham, of Hutton Pannal, and Beatrice Wager, of Normanton — at either 
place. 

Henry Spink, of All Saints, North Street, York, and Elizabeth Foster, of Crambe 
— ^at Crambe. 

Robert Homer and Mary Marshall, of All Saints, Pavement, York — at All Saints. 

Hugh Harrison, of Swine, and Elizabeth Holtby, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — 
at either place. 

Christopher Moorhouse, of Kirkby Malzeard, and Jane Watson, widow, of Ripon — 
at Ripon. 

William Hardin, of Old Malton, and j^hilippa Sutton, of Knapton — at Knapton. 

James Burnley, of Harwood, and Mary Midgley, of St. Saviour's, York — at St. 
Saviour's. 

Lionel Shires, of Skipton, and Jane Clarke, of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York — at 
either place. ^ 

Edward Metcalfe, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York, and Alice Clarke, widow, 
of Topcliffe — at cither place. 

Thomas Dickinson, of Rotherham, and Mary Savage, of Sheffield — at either place. 

[355J 

Thomas Whitley, of Sheffield, and Alice Beale, of Rotherham — at either place. 

Christopher Toothill (? Sutill) and Alice Crashaw, widow, of Arksey — at Arksey. 

Robert Jackson and Helen Bowes, widow, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York — 
at Holy Trinity. 

William Bate, of Pontefract, and Elizabeth Spink, of Normanton — at either place. 

William Chapman and Jane Lythe, of Eskdaleside — at Eskdaleside or Whitby. 

James Ellis, of Skipton, and Isabel Lofthouse, of Broughton — at either place. ^ 

Adam Mainwaring, clerk, curate of St. Mary, Castlegate, and Beatrice Jenni . . . . , 
of the same — at St. Mary. 

Stephen Pudsey and Alice Atkinson, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

James Smith and Sarah Oldfield, of Calverley — at Calverley. 

Nicholas Mitchell, of Thornton, and Ann Walker, of Colne — at either place. 

Matthew Deane and Ann Dewhirst, of Halifax — at Halifax. ^ 

William Cowper and Mary Law, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Richard Drewry, of St. Mary, and Sarah Barber, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at either 
church. 

Jeremy Hessell, of Bulraer, and Catherine Constable, of Catton — [at either place]. 

James Humphreys and Ann Rogers, of South Kirkby — at South Kirkby. 

John Ramsden, of St. Mary, Bishophill, junior, York, and Ellen Higginton, of 
Catton — at either place. 

Jasper Lacy, of Midgley, and Susan Illingworth, of Halifax — at either place.* 

James Ingle, of Whitwell, and Ann Morton, of Allerton, co. Nottingham — at 
Allerton. 

Thomas Foster, of CoUingham, and Margaret Dunwell, of Otley — at either place. 

[356] 

John Battersby and Rose Rangell, of Slaidburn — ^at Slaidbum. 

Roger Kerchevall, of Adwick-le-Street, and Alice Birks, of St. Mary, Castlegate, 
York — at St. Mary. 

Richard Scarlett, of Northallerton, and Dorothy Danby, of Bolton — at either place. 
Nicholas Conyers and Ann Jackson, of Whitby — at Whitby. 
Thomas Fell, of Bingley, and Isabel Ambler, of Kildwick — at either place. 
Charles Hoyle, of Snaith, and Elizabeth Johnson, of Sandal Magna — at either place. 
George Craven, of Bradford, and Leah Appleyard, of Halifax — at either place." 

fi) Not at Skipton. U) Married at Luddenden, 7 Oct., 1624, 

(2) Married at Skipton, 26 Sept., 1624. Halifax Register. 

Married there 5 Oct , 1624. (5) Married at Halifax, 10 Oct., 1624. 



20 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEO LOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Henry Tilson and Dorothy Brigg, of Halifax -at Halifax. 

Michael Peirson, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Dorothy Goodyeare, of Sutton 
upon Derwent — at either place. ^ 

Godfrey Harwood and Ann Whittaker, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Francis Lister, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Margaret Belwood, widow, of St. 
Crux, York — at either church. ^ 

Theophilus Braithwaite and Ann Radcliffe, of Linton — at Linton. 

William Polts, of Hedon, and Alice Ambler, of Mulgrave — at Lythe. 

Stephen Gill, of Fewston, and Elizabeth Thompson, of Kirkby Overblow — at 
Kirkby Overblow. 

William Staniforth, of Sheffield, and Ann Ellis, of Woolley— at Sheffield. 

Christopher Downes, of Stillingfleet, and Mary Smith, of Cawood — at either place. 

Peter Heeles, of St. Olave, and Sarah Lazenby, of St. Mary, Bishophill junior, 
York — ^at either church. 

James Atkinson, of Preston, and Ann Newcome, of Marton — at either place. 

Peter Cooper, citizen of Durham, and Elizabeth Hutton, of St. Martin, Micklegate, 
York — at St. Martin.^ 

[357] 

John Hoyle and Jane Lightowler, of EUand — at Elland.* 

Thomas Holmes and Grace Taylor, widow, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Robert Beltham, of Cottingham, and Jane Rawlinson, of Marfleet — at either place. 

James .... and Elizabeth Anderson, of Bradford — at Bradford. 

Edward Wilkinson and Margaret Etherington, of Easingwold — at Easingwold. 

Henry Barker and Barbara Harper, of North Cave — at North Cave. 

William Malim, of Rotherham, and Mary Whittaker, of Kirkburton — at either place. 

Richard Wentworth, of South Kirkby, and Ann Holgate, of Royston — at either place. 

John Kirby and Ann Cross, of North Dal ton — at North Dalton. 

Ralph Leedom, of Staveley, and Elizabeth Appleyard, widow, of Almondbury — at 
either place. 

Richard Hartley, of Hatfield, and Ann Wright, of Syke House — ^at Hatfield or 
Fishlake. 

Bernard Hutton, of Penrith, dioc. Carlisle, and Ann Parrott, widow, of St. Bees — at 
either place. 

John Frankland, of Fewston, and Jane Hardisty, widow, of Pateley Bridge — at 
either place. 

Geoi^e Clifton and Elizabeth Wright, widow, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Richard Smith and Frances Ashe, of Pontefract — at Pontefract. 

Richard Tenny, of Fraysthorpe, and Elizabeth Dowson, of Barmston — at either 

place. 
Ralph' Warde and Ellen Hawksworth, of Penistone — at Penistone. 

Gervase Somersall, of Barnsley, and Grace Thomas, of Wors[borough] — at Barnsley. 

Daniel Thorpe, of Mirfield, and Isabel North, of Almonbury— at either place. 

[358] 

William Stones, of Aldwark-in-Ecclesfield, and Dorothy Thomhill, widow, of 
Wath-at Ecclesfield or Wath. 

Thomas Day, of Hinderwell, and Catherine Chapman, of Lofthouse — at either place. 

William Theaker, of Runswick, and Dorothy Pursloy (?)^ of Lythe — at Lythe. 

John Wood and Jane Hunt, of St. Mary, Hull — at St. Mary. 

Thomas Hudson and Elizabeth Kitchingman, of Feliskirk. 

John Nichols, of Baildon, and Mary Wilson, of Bradford — at either place. 

Thomas Beckwith, of St. John, Micklegate, York, and Jane Marshall, of Moor 
Monkton — at Moor Monkton. 

(1) Married 9 Oct., 1624, at St. Michael. are rather imperfect this year. 

(2) Not at St. Michael's. (4) Married there ii Dec, 1624. 

(3) Not in the St. Martin's Registers. They (5) ? Pursglove, 



paver's marriage licenses. 



21 



Andrew Nicholson, of Old Malton, and Alice North, widow, of St. Sampson, York 
— at either place. 

John Boyes, of Halifax, and Elizabeth Lacy, of Bracewell — at either place. 

George Clough, of Swillington, and Ann Kitching, of Little Preston — at Swillington. 

Joseph Hcslerton and Elizabeth Gere, of Kirkby Misperton — at Kirkby Misperton. 

Joseph Laburne, of Huddersfield, and Grace Law, of Halifax — at either place. 

Thomas Clarke, of Burton Agnes, and Grace Warcopp, of Flamborough — at either 

place. 
William Warter, of VVansford, and Ann Pearson, of Middleton-on-the-Wolds — at 

Nafferton or Middleton. 

John Dickenson and Grace Scoffin (?), widow, of Hampsthwaite — at Hampsthwaite. 

Christopher Ovington, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Ann Johnson, of St. John, 
Beverley — at either place. 

John Pickard and Jane Bayle, of Leeds — at Leeds.* 

John Lord Darcy^ and Mary Bellasis, dau. of Sir Thomas Bellasis, bart., of 
Harthill— at Harthill. 

[359] 

Robert Field and Ruth Fairbank, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

John Ickringill, of Kildwick, and Ann Berry, widow, of Bingley — at either place. 

William Dove or Done and Ann Boss, widow, of Alne — ^at Alne. 

William Allotson, of Ebberston, and Mary Rayne, of Snainton — at Ebberston. 

George Solhaby and Meriol Wilkinson, widow, of Darrington — at Darrington. 

James Birke, of Slaidburn, and Ann Robinson, of Gisburn — at either place. 

Robert Hinchcliffe, of Skye House, and Thomasin Allen, of Fishlake— at Fishlake. 

Zachariah Stables, of Carlton, and Barbara Skipton, of Pontefract — at either place. 

Arthur Wright and Cartwright Proctor, widow, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

Ambrose Noble, of Halifax, and Ann Preston, of Kildwick — at either place. 

Richard Goodwin and Margaret Dixon, of Seamer — at Seamer. 

Francis Blaydes, of Watles, and Susan Broadley, of Bradford — at Bradford. 

Henry Ramskill, of Sheffield, and Elizabeth Moxon, of Wakefield — at either place. 

William Millington, of Holme Spalding, and Julian Webster, of Weighton — at 

either place. 
Roliert Greenwood and Grace Cash, widow, of Barwick-in-Elmet — at Barwick. 

John Twisleton, of Ledsham, and Frances Brearcliffc, of Sherburn — ^at Sherburn. 

Silvester Atkinson, of Kirkby Overblow, and Janet Bentley, of Pannall — at either 

place. 
Alexander Rawson, of Treeton, and Margaret Aldam, of Warmsworth — at either 

place. 
William Duffield, junior, and Margaret Coupland, widow, of Easingwold. 
[360] 
Thomas Foster, of Weston, and Alice Hebden, of Otley — at either place. 

William Wood, of Shipton, and Margaret Stephenson, of Burneholme — at Burneholme. 

Henry Halliday and Catherine Drewe, of Keyingham — at Keyingham. 

Francis Lewis, of Knarcsborough, and Margaret Richardson, of St. Mary, Bishophill 
Senior, York — at St. Mary. 

Matthew Cowling, of St. Crux, and Jane Fountayne, of St. Sampson, York — at St. 
Sampson. 

William Richardson, junior, of Bradford, ^ and Elizabeth Hopkinson, of Rothwell — 
at either place. 



(1) Married there 12 Nov., 1634. 

(2) John, third Lord Darcy of Aston, married 
first Rosamond, daughter of Sir Peter Frcsche- 
vile, secondly Isabel, daughter of Sir Christopher 
Wray, widow of Godfrey Foljambc, Lsq., 
thirdly Mar>', daughter of Sir Thomas Belasyse, 
afterwards Lord Fauconberg. She was baptized 
at Coxwold II April, 1606, but died shortly 
after the marriage, aged 19. He married fourthly 



Elizabeth, daughter of William West, of Firbeck, 
but died without issue, July, 1635. 

(3) Son of Richard Richardson, of North 
Bierley, buried at Bradford, 22 Fcb.^ 1648-9. 
She was daughter of (Jeorge Hopkmson, of 
Ix)fihouse, and half sister of John Hopkinson, 
the antiquary, baptized at Rothwell, 27 Dec, 
1603. See Du£da/e's f^ij/tati(nt^^^.'-fi9S\A.^^^ 



22 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Robert Dale and Elizabeth Mease, widow, of Sheriflf Button — at Sheriff Hutton. 

Caleb Scholey [? Deacon], of South Kirkby, and Elizabeth Ogden, of Doncaster — 
at Doncaster. 

Edward Dyson, of Elland, and Grace Broadbent, widow, of Saddleworth— at 
Elland. i 

Joseph Smith, of Campsall, and Ann Clerk, of Doncaster — at either place. 

Robert Harrison, clerk, and Mary Wilkinson, widow, of Armthorpe — at Armthorpe. 

James Brooke and Sarah Brooke, of Huddersfield — at Huddersfield. 

Christopher Wayne, of Ripon, and Ann Mason, of Bumeston — at Ripon. 

Richard Jenkinson and Elizabeth Pashley, widow, of Wadworth — at Wadworth. 

Henry Fothergill and Sarah Danson (P),^ of Skipton — at Skipton.^ 

George Hunter, of Overton, and Alice Goodyear, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York— 
at either place.* 

Edward Gibson, of Bugthorpe, and Elizabeth Dennis, of Scrayingham — at 
Scrayingham. 

William Snow, of Knaresborough, and Magdalen Scaife, of Hampsthwaite — at 
either place. 

William Pell, of Hedon, and Ann Little, of Owthome — at Hedon. 

[361] 

Edward Slater and Ann Dale, of Nether Poppleton — at Nether Poppleton. 

Mansfield Hassell, of Leeds, and Susan Milner, of Calverley — at either place. 

Robert Wright and Margaret Harwood, widow, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy 
Trinity. 

Anthony Winterburn and Mary Lambert, of Burnsall — at Burnsall.^ 

John Greathead and Frances Smith, of Leeds — at Leeds.* 

Ralph Scruton, of Skelton-in- Ripon, and Emot Peel, of Knaresborough — at either 
place. 

Richard Hildreth, of Osmotherley, and Dorothy Cowper, of Silton — at either place. 

Roger Squire, of Gargrave, and Margaret Carr, of Broughton — at either place. 

Matthew Walker and Margaret Parkin, of Bridlington — at Bridlington. 

George Laycock, of Ilkley, and Janet Hartley, of Colne — at Ilkley. 

John Thompson, of Wykeham, and Mary Beale, of Langton— at Langton. 

Henry Rhodes (Royds) and Catherine Parker, of Leeds— at Leeds. "^ 

William Ferrand, of Ilkley, and Margaret Hall, of Garg^rave — at either place. 

Jeremiah Thorpe, of Halifax, and Grace Hopkinson, of Bradford — at either place. 

Arthur Frickley, of Wakefield, and Helen Townstead, of Firthe^ — at Wakefield. 

Thomas Robinson and Grace Croft, of Raskelf — at Raskelf. 

George Middleton and Mary Scholey, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

John Lister and" Isabel Hemingway, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Nicholas Parker, of Slaidburn, and Helen Bowcock, of Whalley — at Slaidbum. 

[362] 

Stephen Berrier, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Ann Forde, of Nunburnholme — at 
either place. 

John Fotherby, gent., of St. Mary, Beverley, and Ann Jenkinson, of Leckonfield — 
at Leckonfield. 

William Carleil, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Frances Renniger (?), of Drypool— at 
either place. 

Henry Lindley and Frances Stamford, of Warmfield — at Warmfield. 

Roger Simpson, of Broughton, and Jane Swire, of Mart [on] — at Broughton. 

(1) Married 2 Dec, 1624. (5) Not in Burnsall Registers. 

(2) ? Dauson. (6) Married 15 Dec, 1624. 

(3) Marned 13 Dec, 1024. / \ \t • j t-* /: 

(4) Married at St. Michael-Ie-Belfrey, 3 Dec, (7) Married 21 Dec, 1624. 
1624. fS)? Frith, N.R. 



paver's marriage licenses. 23 

Thomas Brooke, of HuddersReld, and Dorothy Crosland, of Almond bury — at either 
place. 

Henry Wood and Elizabeth Stubley, of Birstall — at Birstall. 

William Savage, of Royston, and Mary Johnson, of Darfield — at Darfield. 

John Alderson, of Acomb, and Jane Hill, of Marston — at either place. 

William Cooke, of Preston, and Elizabeth Acy, of Sproatley — at either place. 

Martin Midgley and Agnes Maude, of Bingley — at Bingley. * 

William Hawley, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, and Margery Thompson, of Holy 
Trinity, King's Court, York — at either church. 

John Fludd, of Hessle, and Jane Ryme, widow, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at either 
place. 

John Hopes, of Kilton-in-Brotton, and Margaret Watson, of Guisborough — ^at 
Brotton 

Thomas Hill and Dorothy Hird, of Whitby— at Whitby. 

Anthony Smith, of Bubwith, and Elizabeth Bond, of St. Sampson, York — at either 
place. 

John Baynes, of Milford, and Elizabeth Helmsley, of Ferrybridge — at Sherburn. 

Richard Walker, of Methley, and Isabel Huddleston, of Wakefield — at either place. 

John Ingleby, of Hutton-in-Rudby, and Margaret Townley, of Clapham— at either 
place. 

Nicholas Mann, citizen, of Durham, and Mary Green, of Hutton-in-Rudby — at 
Hutton. 

[363] 

John Davy, of St Dennis, and Elizabeth Straker, of St. Laurence, York— at either 
church. 

William Crosley, of South Kirkby, and Catherine Clarke, of Brearley — at either 
place. 

John (?) Seaman, of Holy Trinity, and Grace Prestwood, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either place. 

Michael Monkton, of Dunholme, co. Lincoln, esq., and Elizabeth Gregory, of 
Feliskirk — at Feliskirk. 

Humphrey Riding and Elizabeth Thomas, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Robert Inman and Sarah Mitchell, of Elland — at Halifax. 

Samuel King and Mary Booth, of Halifax — at Halifax.* 

Robert Trewman (?), of Coxwold, and Ann Todd, of Ampleford — at either place. 

Matthew Warde, of Birstall, and Ann Norris, of Calverley — at either place. 

William Key, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Margaret Lancaster, of Topcliffe 
at either place. ^ 

Edward Winterholme, alias Robinson, of Penistone, and Dorothy Blackburn, of 
Silkstone — at cither place. 

John Agar, junior, of Stockton, and Isabel Gibson, of Bugthorpe — at either place. 

Samuel Helliwell and Alice Smith, of Midgley— at Midgley. 

Christopher Coates, of North Cave, and Jane Pinder, of Newbald— at North Cave. 

Henry Moxon, of Holy Trinity, Hull, and Isabel Collinson, of Barnby — at either 
place. 

Richard Davill, of Kirkby Fleetham, and Jane Baynes, of St. Sampson, York — at 
St. Sampson. 

Anthony Allanson and Exiith Drake, of Halifax — at Halifax.^ 

[364] 

Peter Clarke, of Kilburn, and Jane Wilson, of Coxwold — ^at either place. 

Edward Worsop, of Sleaford, co. Lincoln, and Agnes Foxcroft, of Batley — at Batley. 

Thomas Pickles and Janet Midwood, of Huddersfield — ^at Huddersfield. 

(i) Married 20 Jan., 1634-5. (j) M&rrjed at St Michael's, x6 Jan., 1624-5. 

(a) Married there 15 Feb., 1624-5. (4) Married 29 Jan., x6a4*s. 



24 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Lancelot Humphreys, of Wawne, and Sarah Bower, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at 
Hessle or Holy Trinity. 

William Austwick, of Clayton, and Margaret Maude, widow, of Wakefield — at 
either place. 

George Marshall, of Leeds, and Ann Greggs, of Harwood — at Harwood. 

Robert Heaslegrave and Susan Swayne, widow, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

Thomas Langdale, of North Ferriby, and Isabel Thorpe, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either place. 

John Peele, of Giggles wick, and Mary Wilson, of Thornton — at either place. 

John Hey and Alice Straw, of Hooton Roberts — at Hooton Roberts. 

Thomas Tuke, of Ricall, and Margaret Tuke, of Northallerton — at either place. 

Michael Oldfield and Bridget Wadsworth, of Luddenden — at Luddenden. 

William Wass, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Faith Woodbum, of Holy Trinity, 
King's Court, York — at either place. ^ 

Edward Westis, of London, and Isabel Bough, of Pocklington — at Pocklington. 

Joseph Winter, of Leeds, and Ellen Pomfrett, of St. Helen, Stonegatc, York — at 
either place. ^ 

Francis Cowper and Margaret Metcalfe, of Thirsk — at Thirsk. 

John Wadby, of St. Mary, and Mary Reyniger, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at either 
place. 

John Holme, of Preston, and Ann Watson, of Paul — at either place. 

William Iredale, of St. Helen, Stonegate, and Jane Nelson, of St. Martin, 
Micklegate, York — at either place. 

Cuthbert Emley, of Slaidburn, and Margaret Carr, of Giggleswick — at either place. 

[365] 

Thomas Fairbank and Jane Whittaker, of Halifax — at Halifax. ^ 

Matthew Wright, of Badsworth, and Alice Fearnley, of Ecclesfield — at either place. 

Alexander Horrocks, of St. Michael, New Malton, and Isabel Chappell, of Otley — 
at either place. 

Thomas Wright, of Ripon, and Jane Outlawe, widow, of St. Michacl-le-Belfrey, 
York — at either place.* 

Major Mawson and Frances White, of Addle — at Addle. ^ 

James Shaw and Grace Tillotson, of Luddenden — at Luddenden.^ 

Godfrey Firth, of Selby, and Elizabeth Long, of Hemingborough — at either place. 

Matthew Dawson, of St. John, Micklegate, and Elizabeth Farmery, of Si. Michael, 
Spurriergate, York — at either church. 

Thomas Lyth, of Lockton, and Jane Clarke, of Middleton — at either place. 

John Hill, of Ecclesfield, and Margaret Longley, of Tankersley — at Tankerslcy. 

John Jackson and Mary Wilson, of Thirsk — at Thirsk. 

Thomas Clayton, of Sheffield, and Alice Raysing, of Pontefract — at Pontefract. 

William Witty and Ann Pollard, of Middleton — at Middleton. 

Francis Duck and Ann Stringfellow, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

William Ibbotson, of Bradfield, and Frances Seed, of MaUby — at Ecclesfield or 
Maltby. 

Benjamin Eyre and Jane Nelson, of Pontefract —at Pontefract. 

James Bray, of Kirkburton, and Elizabeth Barlow, of Ashton-under-Lyne, co. Lane. 
— at Kirkburton. 

William Reynard, of St. Mary, Castlegate, and Margaret Fell, of St. Margaret, 
York — at either place. 

Thomas Marshall, of Hessay, and Ann Newton, of LittleUiorpe— at Ripon. 

William Gilson, of Middleton, and Isabel Parkinson, of North Frodingham — at 
Middleton. 



(i) Not at St. Michaelle-Belfrey. 
(2) Not at I^ods. 

Married 23 Feb., 1624-5. 



^ 



(4) Not at York. 

(5) Not in the Adel Registers. 

(6) Married 14 Feb., 1624-5. Halifax Registers. 



paver's marriage licenses. 25 

[366] 

George Parker, of Kirkhy, and Mary Grange, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

John Tatham, of Pontefract, and Mary Lawe, of Halifax — at either place. * 

Ralph Vincent and Jane Stothard, of All Saints, North Street, York — at All Saints. 

William Revell, of Felkirk, and Ann Ramsden, of St. Sampson, York — at either 

place. 
John Fletcher, of Rotherham, and Catherine Abson, of Bolton — at either place. 
William Mowson, of Penrith, and Elizabeth Willan, of Kendal— at either place. 
Robert Maister and Isabel Woodmansey, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 
W^illiam Piper and Ann Coates, of Ripon — at Ripon. 
Richard Richardson, of Bramham, and Jane Thompson, of Collingham — at either 

place. 

Robert Wilson, of Kildwick, and Isabel Clapham, of Keighley — at either place. 

Thomas Peacock, of Whorlton, and Mary Walker, of Osmotherley— at either place. 

John Adston, of Deighton, and Ellen Nelson, of Northallerton — at either place. 

William Lyell, of Cropton, and Elizabeth Jerome, of Brompton — at Middleton or 
Brompton. 

William Wilkinson, of Holy Trinity, and Jane Hovgon, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either place. 

Thomas Outhwaite, of Holy Trinity, Goodramgale, and Mary Atkinson, of St. 
Crux, York — at either place. 

William Palmer, of Great Driffield, and Ann Skoynes, of Garton — at Great Driffield. 

John Green and Ellison Carleil, of Whitby — at Whitby. 

Richard Harland, of Hornsea, and Ann Smith, widow, of Sproatley — at either place. 

John Gee, esq., of Bishop Burton, and Frances Hotham, of Scorborough — at either 

?lace. ^ 

Richard Meadley, of Aldborough, and Catherine Jobson, of Thorne — at either place. 

Thomas Swinden and Isabel Morton, widow, of Bradfield — at Bradfield. 

Robert Hudson and Ann Cowper, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

Bryan Lister and Margaret Berry, of Bingley — at Bingley. 

John Calvert and Susan Banister, of St. John, Micklegate, York — at St. John. 

George Fewsden and Ann Smith, of Newton upon Ouse — at Newton. 

Toby Law and Sarah Smith, of Halifax — at Halifax or Elland. 

Samuel Oley, of Woolley, and Ann Cawood, of Pontefract — at either place. 

Michael Moore and Susan Hill, of Heptonstall — at Heptonstall. 

John Micklethwaite, junior, and Frances Home, of Ingbirchworth — at Penistone. 

John Sampson, of Owthome, and Agnes Tennison, of Roos — at either place. 

John Dawson, of Skipton, and Isabel Walmsley, of Broughton — at either place. ^ 

John Parkinson, of Broughton, and Susan Dawson, of Skipton — at either place."* 

William Nelson, of Kirkby Malham, and Mary Tomlinson, of Gargrave — at either 
place. 

William Pepper, of Heworth, and Catherine Issons, of St. Crux, York — at St. 
Cuthbert or St. Crux. 

Joseph Field and Margaret Thweng, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Hugh Black and Elizabeth Johnson, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Thomas Gierke and Martha Spink, of Kirkbum — at Kirkburn. 

[368] 

George Wrey and Ann Kendall, of Stillingfleet — at Siillingfleet. 

George Foster and Frances Smith, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Asheton Stansfield, of London, and Margaret Speight, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

(1) Married at Halifax, 24 F'eb., 1624-5. ("») ^"* »* Skipton. 

(2; She was daiif^hter of Sir John Hotham, (4) Not at Skipton. 

and rcniorried Sir Philip Staplcton, of Warier. 



26 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Marmaduke Gibbons, clerk, minister of St. Mary, Bishophill, junior, and Judith 
Hegge, of St. Michael -le-Belfrey, York — at St. Mary, Bishophill, junior. 

1625. 

Robert Thomes and Dorothy Roper, widow, of Horbury — at Horbury. 

George Wright and Elizabeth Percy, of Scrayingham — at Scrayingham. 

Edward Cooke, of Campsall, and Jane Deane, of Doncaster — at either place. 

George Staniforth, of Jeirlane, co. Derby, and Elizabeth Wainwright, of Bradfield 
— at Bradfield or Ecclesfield. 

Matthew Wood, of Bradford, and Isabel Dedie (?), widow, of Hampsthwaite — at 
either place. 

Monk Smales, of St. Mary, and Frances Fishe, of St. Nicholas, Beverley— at either 
place. 

James Atkinson, of Arncliffe, and Isabel Peirson, of Linton — at Linton.^ 

John Clarke and Jane Clarke, of St. Mary, Beverley — at St. Mary. 

William Hustler and Mary Usher, of St. Michael, New Malton— at St. Michael. 

Henry Gibson, of Ilkley, and Catherine Barnes, of Allerton Mauleverer — at either 
place. 

Richard Langhorne, of Sledmere, and Thomasine Browne, of Fridaythorpe — at 
either place. 

Robert Burton, of Tadcaster, and Sibel Lindall, of Leeds — at either place.* 

Matthew Auckland, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Healfield, of Rothwell — at either plsKre.^ 

Richard Jaques, of St. Crux, and Elizabeth Peacock, of Holy Trinity [ ], York 
— ^at St. Crux. 

Thomas Rawson, of Humbleton, and Ann Catterall, of Hollyn — at either place. 

John Hardy and Isabel Mitchell, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

[369] 

Simon Wayne, of Doncaster, and Joan Chadwick, of Melton — at either place. 

Toby Law, of Halifax, and Agnes Hawksworth, of Bradford — at either place. 

John Denton and Dorothy Sparke, of Marton — at Marton. 

Martin Ramsden, of Huddersfield, and Isabel Armytage, of Almondbury — ^at either 
place. 

Nicholas Morton, of Ecclesfield, and Catherine Lockwood, of Tankersley — at either 
place. 

Thomas Scaife, of Ripley, and Jane Peart, of St. Martin, Coney Street, York — at 
either place. 

Edward Rawson and Mary Savage, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Robert Thompson, of Wetherby, and Ann Taylor, of Bickerton — at Spoffbrth or 
Bilton. 

William Scholes and Frances Swallow, of Rothwell — at Rothwell. 

Robert Pease and Ann Simpson, of Sherbum — at Sherburn. 

Leonard Huntroyds, of Whitby, and Jane Nelson, of Braff'erton — at either place. 

William Watson, of Rotherham, and Ann Lamb, of Ackworth — at either place. 

John Freeman, of Brantingham, and Elizabeth Tomlin, of Wawne — at either place. 

Thomas Fowler, of St. Clave, and Ann Craven, of St. Martin, Micklegate, York — 
at either place. 

Thomas Harrington, of St. Martin, Coney Street, and Elizabeth Sleightholme, of 
St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York — at either place.* 

John Todd, clerk, minister, of Whitby, and Dorothy Robinson, of Leeds — at Leeds. ^ 

Henry Grimston, clerk, vicar of Sherburn, and Ann Strickland, of Bridlington — at 
either place. 

Richard Cheldray, of Pannal, and Isabel Braithwaite, of St. Martin, Coney Street, 
York — at either place. 

(i^ Married 7 April, 1625. (4) Married at St Michael-le-Belfrey, 2 May, 

(?) Not at Leeds. 1625. 

(3) Married at Rothwell, April, 1625. (5) Married at Leeds, 3 May, 1625. 



paver's marriage licenses. 27 

Thomas Nettleton, of Royston, and Dorothy Kaye, of Wakefield— at either place. 
Robert Skilbcck and Faith Thompson, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York— at St. 

Michael.* 
John Sharpe, of Birstal, and Magdalen Rey, of Thornton, co. Lancaster— at either 

place. 

[370] 

Hugh Everett, clerk, of Worsborough, and Elizabeth Swinden, widow, of 

VVombwell — at either place. 
George Hodgson, of Helmsley, and Isabel Gowthwaite, of Kirby Knowle — at 

either place. 
William Scholey and Margaret Maude, of Hunsworth— at Hunsworth. 

Christopher Huscroft, of Kirksmeton, and Jane Scholey, of Womersley — at either 

place. 
Richard Dring, of Cloughton, and Ann Cowling, of Scawby — at either place. 
Robert Winn, of Kirkdale, and Philippa Smithson, of Bransby — at either place. 
John Parkin, of Ecclesfield, and Jane Stead, of Bradfield — at either place. 

Richard Spink, junior, of Normanton, and Elizabeth Denison, of St. Martin, 
Micklegate, York — ^at either place. 

George Woodroflfe and Dorothy Aubrey, of Silkston — ^at Silkston. 

Arthur Brooke, of York, and Joan Latham, widow, of St. Mary, Hull — at St. Mary. 

Roger Haythome, of Kirkheaton, and Elizabeth Mallinson, of Eland — at either 
place. ^ 

Henry Barker, of Ledsham, and Ellen Powle, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — at 
cither place. 

Richard White, of Egton, and Ann Marshall, of Whitby — at Egton. 

William Pedwardine, of Howden, and Elizabeth Pulleyn, of St. Michael, 
Spurriergate, York — at either place. 

Thomas Baldwin, of Halifax, and Ann Hirst, widow, of Kirkheaton — at either place. 

Thomas Meadley, of Bubwith, and Elizabeth Clerk, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York 
— at either place. 

Roger Swallow, of Peniston, and Catherine Savage, of Barnsley — at either place. 

Christopher Walker, of Thirsk, and Ann Day, of Kilburn — at either place. 

Richard Green, of Bishopwilton, and Dorothy Cobb, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, 
York — at either place.* 

William Farrer, late of Manchester, now of York, and Mary W^atson, of Fulford — 
at Fulford. 

[371] 

Hugh Bethell, of Alne, and Frances Frankland, of Thirkleby* — at^Thirkleby. 

William Hardy, of Hilslon, and Ann Ranson, of Humbleton — at either place. 

William Pocklington, of South Scarle, and Margaret Sturtivant, of lilkslcy — at 
either place. 

Thomas Wetherall, of All Saints, York, and Elizabeth Spendlove, of Moor 
Monkton — at either place. 

Henry Wilkinson, of Ackworth, and Ann Crashaw, of Darfield — at either place. 

Charles Atkinson and Jane Hardcastle, of Holy Trinity, Hull — ^at Holy Trinity. 

Thomas Dalton and Elizabeth Huddiesey,"* of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Marmaduke Thweng, of Hutton Cranswick, and Elizabeth Winston, of Ecclesfield 
— at either place. 

William Morley, of St. John, Micklegate, York, and Frances Greenbury, of Crake 
at either place. 

Roger Grange, of Whitby, and Isabel Wigginer, of Fylingdale — at either place. 



i) Married there 8 May, i6a5. Alne, by Mary, daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby, 

3) Not at Elland. of Scriven. His wife was daughter of William 



(a) Married at St. Michacrs, 14 May, 1635. Frankland, of Thirkleby. SecDu^daU, pp. 78 

(4) Sir Hugh Bethell, Koight, of Ellerton. and 155. 
died Jan., 1663, sod of Sir Walter Bethell, of (5) ? Haddlesey 



28 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Christopher Taylor, of Wakefield, and Janet Colling, of West Ardsley — at West 
Ardsley. 

Robert Blakeley, of Horbury, and Margaret Wood, of Thornhill — at either place. 

Thomas Myers, of Nidd, and Elizabeth Wright, widow, of Kirkby Overblow — at 
Kirkby Overblow. 

Miles Taylor, of Horton, and Ellis Smith, of Gargrave — at either place. 

Robert Ashton, of Sheffield, and Jane Hargreaves (?), of Ecclesfield — at either place. 

Denis Gere and Judith Penrose, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey — at St. Michael.^ 

John Boardman and Alice Hoyle, widow, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

John Lumley, esq., and Dame Catherine Trotter, widow, of Skelton^ — at Skelton. 

Roger Barwick, of Sutton Forest, and Mary Morgan, of Stillington. 

[372] 

William Vavasour, esq., of Weston, and Ann Saville,^ widow, of Leeds — at Weston. 

William Collinson, of Swine, and Ann Sheppard, of Bilton — at either place. 

William Tomlinson, of Hull, and Frances Carville, of Paul — at Paul. 

James Plummer, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York, and Jane Hansley, of Kilnwick. 

James Bradshaw, of Ormsby, and Ann Constable, of Ayton — at Ayton. 

John Dawney, of Cowick, and Mary Hansley (?), widow, of Doncaster — at 
Doncaster. 

Thomas Stapleton and Ann Lund, widow, of Feriby — at Feriby. 

William Cass, of Newstead, and Elizabeth Stirk, of Ampleford — at Kilburn or 
Ampleford. 

Richard Stephenson, of Harwood, and Grace Laycock, of Otley — at either place. 

Thomas Turner, of Leathley, and Jane Broadbelt, of Kirkdeighton — at either place. 

Marmaduke Craven and Mary Hayforth, of Doncaster — at Doncaster. 

Thomas Cowper and Mary Otterburn, of Kirkby Moorside — at Kirkby. 

Richard Mason and Elizabeth, of Guisborough — at Guisborough. 

Ralph Robinson, of St. Denis, York, and Margaret Walker, of Haddlesey — at either 
place. 

Thomas Preston, of Kirby Malham, and Ann Smith, of Barnoldswick — at either 
place. 

Francis Johnson and Martha Simpson, of Kirkby Overcarr — at Kirkby. 

Edward Bell, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York, and Dorothy Selby, of Topcliffe 

— at either place. 
Samuel Sunderland and Ann Waterhouse, of Halifax* — at Halifax. 

[373] 

Richard Crawe, of Upleatham, and Alice Manners, of Helmsley — at either place. 

Bartholomew Nowell, of Keighley, and Maude Scaife, of Hampsthwaite — ^at either 
place. 

John Browne and Alice Oddy, of Gisbume — at Gisburne. 

Francis Hornby, of Cox wold, and Mary Lowson, of Topcliff — at either place. 

William Mortimer and Alice Loft, of Aberford — at Aberford. 

Marmaduke Croft, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, York, and Grace Harrison, of 
Bilton — at either place. 

James Bower, of Barnsley, and Elizabeth Ossup, of Peniston — at either place. 

John Lutton, of East Cottingwith, and Isabel Cotnes, of Howden — at East Cotting- 
with. 



(i) Not in the Registers. 

(2) It seems probable that she would be the 
widow of Sir Henry Trotter, of Skelton, who 
was buried there 30 Oct., 1623, and daughter of 
Anthony Wytham, of Cliffe, but no second 
marriage is mentioned in the pedigree of Trotter. 

(3) She was daughter and heiress of Richard 
Tolson, of Brtdekirk, county Cumberland. Mar- 
ried first to Edward Savile, second son of the 
first Lord Savile, of Pontefract, license 1616; 



secondly to William Vavasour, of Weston, near 
Otley, at St. Helen's, York, 2 June, 1625. She died 
II Nov., 1625, according to Rev. C. B. Norcliffe. 
(4) Samuel Sunderland, of Harden, third son 
of Richard Sunderland, Esq., of Colcy, baptized 
at Halifax, ii Feb., 1598-9, died 4 Feb., 1676, 
buried at Bingley, M.I. Married at Halifax, 
22 June, 162^, Anne, daughter of Edward Water- 
house, of Priestley. See DugcUUe's Visitation^ 21. 



paver's marriage licenses. 29 

Thomas Fisher, of Marton, and Margaret Warde, of St. Mary, Bishophill senior, 

York — at either place. 
Richard Gibson and Joan Wray, of Skelton— at Overton. 
John Binns and Elizabeth Butler, of Bingley — at Bingley. * 
Thomas Liltle, of Lxjnsborough, and Elizabeth Plaxton, widow, of Geldell'^ — at 

cither place. 
Philip Herbert, of Skipwith, and Joan Thompson, of St. Mary, Castlegate, York^ — 

at Skipwith. 
Thomas Robinson, of Danby, and Margaret Foster, of Easton — at Danby. 

Abraham Greenwood, of Warley, and Agnes Schoficld, widow, of Eland — at Halifax 

or Eland.* 
Samuel Akeroyd, of Halifax, and Ann Lightowler, of Rochdale — at either place. 
Edmund Hobson, of Whitkirk, and Ann Bywater, of Rothwell — at either place. ^ 
William Hunt and Elizabeth Wood, of Doncaster — at Doncastcr. 

Henry Hibbert. clerk. Vicar of Headon, and Barbara Weadley, of Bcswick — at 
Beswick. 

[374] 

George Best, of St. Mary, Beverley, and Elizabeth Stockdale, widow, of Lockmgton 

— at cither place. 

Marmaduke Umpleby, of Guiseley, and Jane Umpleby, of Hampsthwaite — at 
Hampsthwaite. 

Samuel Bateson and Sarah Cave, of Guiseley — at* Guiseley. 

William Johnson, of Appleton Wiskc, and Grace Pearson, of Kirk I^avington — at 
either place. 

Richard Brignell, of Gilling, and Ann Watkinson, widow, of St. Michacl-le-Belfrey, 
York — at either place." 

John Wilson, of Kirkdale, and Alice Barker, of Helmsley — at either place. 

Marmaduke Jenkinson and Rebecca Green, widow, of Wakefield — at Wakefield. 

Robert Armytage, of Birstal, and Ann Wood, of Hunsworth — at either place. 

Major Thackray and Mary Hill, of Weston — at Weston. 

John Cudworth, of Darton, and Jane Gawthorpe, of Cawthorne — at either place. 

Thomas Lovell, of Terrington, and Grace Hill, of St. Maurice, York — at either place. 

Gregory Wethercll, of Scarborough, and Ann Latham, of Whitkirk — at either place. 

Thomas Parkins and Ann Garburne, of Fishlake — at Fishlake. 

John Marshall and Dorothy Frank, of Terrington— at Terrington. 

Francis Dods worth and Elizabeth Humphrey, of Ingleby Greenhow — at Ingleby 
Greenhow. "^ 

Francis Hodgson, of Kirkburne, and Elizabeth Stockdale, of Lockington — at either 
place. 

John Leas, of Lythc, and Isabel Watson, of Whitby — at Lythe or Egton. 

Robert Morton, of Hull, and Mary Haldenby, of Feriby — at Feriby. 

John Stainton, of Eastrop, and Ann Waudby, of Sancton — at Goodmanham or 
Sancton. 

Robert Lutton, of East Cotiingwith, and Frances Rande, of Preston — at Preston-in- 
Holderness. # 

I375] 

Richard Newton, of St. Margaret, York, and Ann Battie, of Ripon — at either place. 

Francis Maugham, of Addle, and Mary Arthington, of Leathley — at either place. ** 

Thomas Sayer and Isabel Thomlinson, of Stokesley — at Stokesley. 

John Clarkson, of Wakefield, and Ann, alias Agnes, Lee, of Catley-in-Colne — at 
Wakefield or Colne. 



I 



'i^ Married a6 June, 1625. (5) Not at Whitkirk. 

fa) Gtvendale. (6) Married at St. Michaelle-Bcirry, 3 July, 

[3) Entered in the St. Mary, Castlegate 1625. 
Register as married there 14 June, 1625. (7) Married there ao July, 1625. 

(4) Not at Elland. (B) Not at Adel. 



30 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



John Rayson, of Oulsbie, and Julian Smith, of Kainforth — at either place. 

Laurence Hogg, of Otley, and Elizabeth Booth, of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York 
— at either place. 

Edmund Deane, M.D., of St. Crux, York, and Mary Boyes, of Nonnanton^at 
Normanton. 

William Herbert, of Fulford, and Ann Harland, of St. Mary, Castlegate, York — at 
either place. 

Andrew Leedes, of St. John, Micklegate, and Frances Eshe, widow, of St. Mary, 
Bishophill junior, York — at either place. 

Edmund Naylor, of Beford, and Ann Burne, of Rise — at either place. 

Thomas Harrison and Susan Hogg, widow, of Sutton-in-Holderness — at Sutton. 

John Dale and Isabel Scarth, of Wcsterdale — at Westerdale. 

Charles Womack and Susan Mawe, of Hatfield — at Hatfield. 

John Dale and Ellen Bell, of Topcliff— at Topcliff". 

Michael Waterhouse and Martha Whitlaker, of Halifax — at Halifax.* 

William Brandsby, of Thirsk, and Jane Prest, of Thornton — at either place. 

Gervase Thorpe, of Marske, and Isabel Anderson, of Stainton — at either place. 

Nicholas Mallinson and Catherine Bridley, of Wath — at Wath. 

Urian Wright, of Skefling, and Frances Cowper, of Willerby-in- Rowley — at Skefling 
or Rowley. 

[376] 

William Tennant and Susan Battie, widow, of Scarborough — at Scarborough. 

Richard Frogpitt and Dorothy Cundall, of Easingwold — at Easingwold. 

John Robinson, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Elizabeth Kitching, of St. Martin, 
Coney Street, York — at either place. ^ 

John Mason and Dorothy Sonckey (?), of Ripon — at Ripon. 

John Taylor and Alice Foster, of Easingwold — at Easingwold. 

Christopher Cooke and Frances Harrison, of Swine — at Swine. 

Thomas Gill, of Wakefield, and Mary Allot, of Horbury — at either place. 

Henry Hanson and Sarah Ambler, of Hartshead —at Hartshead. 

William Stagg and Isabel Williamson, of St. Leonard, New Malton — at St. Leonard. 

Richard Dobson and Jane Milner, widow, of Oulton — at Rothwell. 

William Baldwin, of Gisburn, and Jane Hartley, of Marton — at either place. 

Matthew Mudd, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Frances Mainprice, of 
Huntington —at either place. ^ 

Thomas Drake, clerk. Rector of Thornton, and Mary Foster, of Gisborough — at 
either place. 

Samuel Mitchell and Phebe (?) Barroclough, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Edward Tillotson and Jane Dickson, of Carlton Craven — at Carlton Craven. 

Thomas Kilvington, of South Kilvington, and Margaret Watson, of Leak — ^at either 
place. 

Henry Davison and Ann Goulton, of Byland Abbey — at Coxwold. 

William Smith, of Shipton, and Jane I^ft, widow, of Nunburnholme — at Nunbum-. 
holme. 

Samuel Pickard, of St. Cuthbert, and Ruth Snawdell, of St. Helen, Stonegate, 
York — at St. Helen. 

John Hebden and Isabel Hutchinson, of Hampsthwaite — at Hampsthwaite. 

[377] 

Thomas Bussey, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Wright, of Rothwell, widow — at either 

place. * 
Robert Rawson, of Bradford, and Susan Longbotham, of Halifax — at either place,* 



(i) Married 5 Jan., 1625-6. 

(2) Not at St. Michael's. 

(3) Not at York. 



(4) Not at either. 

(3) Married at Halifax, 21 Aug., 1625. 



paver's marriage licenses. 31 

George Newsome, of Bishopthorpe, and Elizabeth Hutchinson, of St. Crux, York — 

at St. Crux. 
William Withes and Ellen Percy, of Settrington— at Settrington. 
Lancelot Petty and Ellen Stephenson, of Thorpe Arch— at Thorpe Arch. 

Richard Kendall, of Acaster Selby, and Mary Wallis, of South Shields— at Acaster 

Selby. 
Francis Eyre, of Drax, and Ann Savage, of St. Margaret, York — at either place. 
John Ewersby and Elizabeth Wright, of North Ferriby — at North Ferriby. 
John Clarke, of Lund, and Alice Wilkinson, of Shipton — at either place. 

Henry Butler, of Micklcthwaite-in-Bingley, and Henele (j/V) Bosville, of Woodhall— 
at Bingley or Darfield. 

Thomas Tomlinson, of Batley, and Mary Autie, of Melhley — at either place. 

Thomas Firbank, of Leeds, and Helen Benson, widow, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, 
York — at either place.* 

Vincent Parvin, of Foxton, and Susan Langdale, of Kirby Wiske — at Silkston or 
Kirby Wiske. 

Robeil Orme, esq.,^ of Wiston, and Frances Vavasour, daughter of Sir John 
Vavasour, of Spaldington, knt. — at either place. 

Thomas Squire, clerk. Vicar of Ainderby Steeple, and Sibel Taylor, of Leak — at 
either place. 

Robert Blackburn, of Murton, and Ann Dickinson, of Grimston in St. Nicholas, 
York — at Osbaldwick or St. Nicholas. 

John Weadley, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, and Ann Wilson, of St. Mary, 
Castlegrate, York — at St. Michael. 

James Clarkson, of St. Helen, Stonegate, and Grisel Smith, of St. Cuthbert, York 
— at either place. 

Thomas Haddlesey, clerk. Vicar of Kirby Grimdalythe, and Jane Thompson, of 
Wighill — at either place. 

Francis Gargrave and Ellen Heslesham, of Lythe— at Lythe. 

[378] 
Thomas Parker, of Slaidburn, and Jennet Browne, of Giggleswick — at either place. 

Robert Burgon and Ellen Cooke, of Peniston — at Peniston. 

William Simpson, of Rylon, and Ursula Silvester, of Great Driffield — at either place. 

Jonah Rigden, of Ellerton, and Mary Richardson, widow, of Aughton— at Aughton. 

Thomas Pattrick, of Pontefract, and Feldram (?) Waterhouse, of South Kirby at 

either place. 

John Skelton, of Sinnington, and Margery Palmer, of Midleton — at either place. 

Evers Fairfax, of Ampleford, and Barbara Rose, of Husthwaite — at either place. 

William Parkinson, of St. John, Beverley, and Catherine Smith, widow, of Holy 
Trinity, Hall — at either place. 

William Derikanoe (?), alias Blacker, and Mary Heptonstall, of Sandall Magna at 

Sandall Magna. 

John Lund, of Pontefract, and Mary Pollard, of New Laithes in Guiseley at 

Guiseley. 

Robert Croft and Ann Morley, of Leeds — at Leeds. ^ 

William Burrell, of Cottingham, and Alice Elliott, of Rowley — at either place. 

John Turner, of Burgh wallis, and Alice Wickham, of St. Martin, Coney Street, 
York — at cither place. 

Thomas Blakey, of Bingley, and Everell Banks, now or late of Bolton Chanons 

at either place. 

Laurence Deane and Alice Thompson, of Linton — at Linton. 

John Nutter and Janet Latch, of Halifax — at Halifax. 



(i) Not at Leeds. (3) Not at Leeds. 

(a) He appeared at DugdaUs Visitation (p. 
54), o Sept., 1665, then aged 63. Mr. Norcline 
&ys soe was btiried at Newbald, 15 June, 1668, 



32 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAI-. 

James Wilcock, of Addinghani, and Frances Cockshott, of Skipton — at either place. ^ 

William Rigdell and Mary Rigdell, widow, of Kirby Knowle — at Kirby Knowle. 

Christopher Bayne, of Kilburn, and Margaret Bayne, widow, of Feliskirk— at either 
place. 

John Eastwood, of Kirkheaton, and Faith Blacker, of Sandal — at either place. 

[379] 

James Taylor, of Birstal, and Jane Furness, of Roth well — at either place. ^ 

Robert Hutton, of Bedale, and Isabel Ridsdale, of Northallerton — at either place. 

John Wickham, of Hesle, and Mary Power, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at either place. 

Henry Favell, of Womersley, and Elizabeth Jenkinson, widow, of Tadcaster — at 
Tadcaster. 

William Atkinson, of Barnby, and Margaret Smith, widow, of St. Cuthbert, York — 
at either place. 

John Banister, of Barnoldswick, and Margaret Frankland, of Gisbum — at either 
place. 

Sir Richard Beaumont, knt., of Kirkheaton, ^ and Elizabeth Armytage, of Hartshead 
— at either place, or at Huddersfield or Almondbury. 

Thomas Wilkinson, of Bedale, and Ann Alderson, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, 
York — at either place. 

John Truslove, of Wawne, and Barbara Moore, of St. John, Beverley — at either 
place. 

Henry Watkinson, of Leeds, and Bridget Lodge, of Adle — at either place.* 

George Stanforth, of Linton, and Jane Topham, of Pately Bridge — at either place. 

Daniel Maude, of Wakefield, and Ann Fairbank, of Elland — at either place. "^ 

Thomas Benns, of Tong, and Dorothy Copley, widow, of High Hoyland — at Birstal 
or High Hoyland. 

Robert Wood, clerk, Rector of Burghwallis, and Mary Hall, of Bramwith — at 
Br am with. 

Robert More, A.M., of Owlston, and Grace Birtwisle, of Rothwell — at either place.® 

John Cobb, of Bishop Wilton, and Margaret Bell, of Lepington — at Bishop Wilton 
or Scrayingham. 

Thomas Cayley, of St. Dennis, York, and Ann Nelson, of Stillington — at either 
place. 

John Forde and Margaret Sheldon, widow, late of Amsterdam, Holland, and now 
of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Joseph Field and Grace Pearson, of Bradfield — at Bradfield. 

Richard Camby, of Sikehouse, and Faith Tomlinson, of Coxwold — at Fishlake or 
Coxwold. 

[380] 

Joseph Northen and Grace Hancock, of Thornton-Craven — at Thornton-Craven. 

John Sharpe, of Tong, and Susan Firth, of Birstal — at Birstal. 

John Cooke, of Allerthorpe, and Susan Wilson, widow, of Londsborough — at either 
place. 

Richard Booth and Elizabeth Askwith, widow, of Whitkirk — at Whitkirk. 

Percival Murton, of St. Crux, York, and Margaret Fawcett, of Pocklington — at 
either place. 

Richard Watson, junior, of EUerbum, and Christiana Slater, of Easingwold — at 
either place. 

(t^ Not at Skipton. of Sheffield Castle, dying in 1668. His wife 

(2) Not at Roth well. was daughter of Gregory Armytage, of Nether- 

(0 According to the pedigree of Beaumont in ton, by Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of 

IVhitaker's Leeds, it was Sir Thomas Beaumont John Savile, of the same place. They were 

(son of Richard Beaumont, of Lascelles Hall), married at Hartshead, 6 Sept., 1626. 

who married Elizabeth Armytap;e as his first wife (4) Married at Leeds, 18 Oct., 1625. Sec 

and succeeded his cousin, Sir Richard Beaumont, Dugdale's Visitation, continued, 

of Whitley Beaumont, in 1631. He was on the ^5) Married at Elland, o Oct., 1625. 

. Royalist side in the civil wars, and governor (6) Married at Rothwell, 20 Oct., 1625. 



paver's marriage licenses. 33 

Thomas Harrison, esq., of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York,^ and Margaret Darcy, 
dan. of Sir Coniers Darc>', knt., of Hornby Castle — at Hornby. 

Thomas French, of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, and Grace Sawer, of St. Cuthbert, 
York — at either place. ^ 

John Kichanlson, of Al>erford, and Alice Nicholls, of Sherburn— at either place. 

Henry Wardc and Ann Johnson, of St. Martin, Coney Street, York — at St. Martin. 

Richard West, of Leeds, and Elizabeth Wade, of St. John, Micklegute, York — at 
cither place. •• 

Henry Hlakeston, of Monkfryston, and Mary Stubbs, widow, of Inglcby — at either 
place. * 

George Wilkinson, of Osmotherley, and Margery Foxton, of Leak — at either place. 

Robert Jenison, clerk, S.T.B., of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Elizal)eth Favour, of 
Halifax— at Halifax.'* 

John Porter and Isabel Twentyman, of Cox wold — at Coxwold. 

Thomas Herbert, of St. Martin, Micklegate,*'' and Sarah Brearey, of St. John, 
Micklegate, York — at either place. 

Peter Moxon, of Wakefield, and Mary Lee, of Birstal — at Birstal. 

Mark Snowden, of Leeds, and Mary Waile, of Harwood— at Harwood. 

Thomas Foxcrofl, of Batley, and Jane Place, widow, of St. Sampson, York — at St. 
Sampson. 

[381] 

Timothy Morse and Elizabeth Haddlesey, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at Holy Trinity. 

Joseph Shipley, of Mirfield, and Catherine Wilson, of Sandal — at Mirfield. 

Thomas Clarke, of Netherton, and Elizabeth Wood, of Leeds — at Thornhill or 
Leeds. "^ 

William Worfolk and Martha Dobson, of St. Michael, New Mallon — at St. Michael. 

John Dobson and Jane Warde, of Bilsdale — at Hclmsley or Bilsdale. 

George Doffcnby and Ellen Crooke, of Beford — at Beford. 

John Sluil and Ann Truslove, of Kilnsey (?) — at Kilnscy (?). 

George Moyser and Margaret Redshaw, of Marton — at Marton or Ripon. 

Thomas Mason, of Ripon, and Priscilla Taylor, of Sclby — at either place. 

Richard Midgley and Judith Wade, of Midgley— at Midgley or Halifax. 

John Hodgson and Ellis Edmund, widow, of Seamer — at Seamer. 

John Willick, clerk. Curate of Hovingham, and Mary Hopperton, widow, of Holy 
Trinity, Micklegate, York — at either place. 

Isaac Brigg and Grace Hopkinson, of Eland — at Eland. ^ 

Edward W^alker and Barbara Rawlinson, of Bolton-by-Boland — at Bolton. 

Richard Midgley, of Addle, and Ann Pickles, of Bradford — at either place. ° 

Thomas Blackburn and Ellen Linsley, of Scrayingham — at Scrayingham. 

Henry Sykes and Mary Wood, of Leeds — at Leeds. *^ 

Thomas Anderson and Susan Saltmarshe, of St. iMary, Hull — at St. Mary. 

John Kendall and Alice Iveson, widow, of Kirby Malbam — at Kirby Malham. 

Thomas Blakey, of Bolton Canons, and Elizabeth Bridge, of Bingley — at either 
place. 

[382] 

William Rigg, of Pontefract, and Dorothy Irish, of Wighill — at either place. 

(1) Probably son of Robert Harrison, Lord (5) Married 31 Oct., 1625. 

Mayor of York in 1607, who died in 1616. He (6) Son of John Herbert, merchant, of York. 

was knighted, and was Hi^h Sheriff in 1656 He was Sheriff of York and died 10, buried 12 

and 1657. In 1631 he had livery of the manor Dec, 1648, at St. John's, York (C.B.NX She 

of Stewkirke alias Skokirke, in the city of was daughter of William Brearey, Lord Mayor 

York, and of lands and messuages in Mick(le)- of York. 

gate, Tockwick, Bilton and St. Mary's, York (7) Married at Leeds, 7 Nov., 1625. 

(41 De/. ktc^rof Public Recora's Re/crt, p. 182). (8) Not at Elland. 

(a) Not at Holy Trinity. (9) Married at Adel, 8 Dec, 1625. 

(3) Not at Leeds. (10) Not at Leeds. 

(4) Married at Monk Fryston, 33 Oct., 1625. 

VOL. XVL C 



34 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Robert Siggleswick, of Slaidburn, and Margaret Tasker, of Kirk by Lonsdale — at 
either place. 

Robert Colcoll, of Leeds, and Edith Murlon, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, York 
— at either place. ^ 

George Dawson and Elizabeth Batty, widow, of Ripon — at Ripon. 

Robert Reyd (?) and Susan Armytage, of Birstal — at Birstal. 

Richard Robinson and Dorothy Usher, of Righton — at Righton. 

William Mann, of Little Ouseburn, and Ann Abbott, of Fetherston — at Fetherston.^ 

Thomas Theakston and Ann Bell, widow, of Easington — at Easington. 

Thomas Stonhouse, of Elvington, and Alice Browne, widow, of St. Maurice, York 
— at either place. 

Robert Panton and Elizabeth Holden, of Nafferton — at Naflferton. 

William Wood, of Ottrington, and Elizabeth Hutton, of Bamingham — at either 
place. 

Rol)ert Noble, of Kirkdale, and Jane Lupton, of Fingall — at either place. 

John Clemitt and Catherine Fairfax, of Sandhutton — at Sandhutton. 

Richard Fauconer, of Leeds, and Edith Newsomc, of Keighley — at either place. ^ 

Matthew Kaye, of Pockthorpe, and Ellen Hutchinson, of North Frodingham — at 
North Frodingham. 

George Keld, of North Cave, and Elizabeth Kidd, of St. Mary, Beverley — at St. 
Mary. 

Henry Gill and Mary Branthwaite, of Skircoat — at Halifax. 

William Writer and Beatrice Harrison, of Sherburn — at Sherburn. 

Michael Bates, of Luddenden, and Elizabeth Denton, of Sowerby — at Luddenden 
or Halifax. 

[383] 

Roger Harper, of Kirkby Underdale, and Isabel Waugh, of St. Crux, York — at 

either place. 

William Brather, of Holy Trinity, and Dorothy Gibson, of St. Mary, Hull — at 
either place. 

Robert Wade, of Batley, and Elizabeth Gardon, widow, of Dewsbury — at either place. 

William Stables, of Batley, and Dorothy Melthorpe, of Leeds — at either place.* 

Christopher Walker, of Ryther, and Joan Turner, of Leeds— at Leeds. ^ 

Lancelot Frankish, of Bridlington, and Elizabeth Winter, of North Burton— at 
North Burton. 

Henry Leedam, of Dalbanke, and Jane Singleton, of Markington — at Stainley. 

Ingram Lister, clerk. Rector of Stonegrave, and Grace Coates, widow, of Bowes, 
near Richmond — at Stonegrave. 

John Dufficld and Jane Tatham, of Pontefract — at Pontefract. 

William Sykes and Grace Jenkinson, of Leeds — ^at Leeds. '^ 

Henry Wilden, of St. Maurice, York, and Elizabeth Butler, of Stonegrave— at either 
place. 

James Titterington, of Halifax, and Grace Illingworth, of Bradford— at either place. 

Thomas Sawley, of Marton, and Margaret Hargreaves, widow, of Brace well — at 
either place. 

Michael Drakes and Judith Boyes, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Robert Percival, of Ripon, and Dorothy Matterson, of Copgrove — at either place. 

James Harrison and Janet Harrison, of Slaidburn — at Slaidburn. 

Richard Knight, of Marton, and Ann Freckleton, of Bracewell — at either place. 

George Favell and Ann Bland, of Burnsal — at Burnsall.'^ 

(i) Not at Leeds. (5) Married 13 Dec, 1625. 

(2) Married 22 Nov., 1625. (6) Married 20 Dec., 1625. 

(3) Married at Leeds, 5 Dec, 1625. / C », • . r^ ^ 

(4) Married at Ueds, 12 Dec, 1625. (7) Married 21 Dec, 1625. 



paver's marriage licenses. 35 

Gervase Woodhead, of Tankersley, and Dorothy Wordsworth, of P«nislon — at either 
place. 

[384] 

Seth Robinson, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Emot Whitling, widow, of St. Helen, 

Stonegate, York — at St. Helen. 

Thomas Lilford and Mary Brocklebank, of Hessle — at Hessle or Holy Trinity, 
Hull. 

Ambrose Pigott, of Bolton-upon-Dearn, and Ellen Taylor, of Darfield — at either 
place. 

Richard Duxbury and Isal^l Lowcock, of Hampsthwaite— at Hampsthwaite. 

John Whittaker, clerk of St. Helen, Stonegate, and Isabel Fletcher, of St. Cuthbert, 
York — at .St. Cuthbert. 

Charles Fairfax, esq., of Otley, and Elizabeth Brearey, of Fewston^ — at either place. 

Stephen Ludlam and Sarah Senior, of Barnsley — at Barnsley. 

John Taylor, of St. Martin, Micklegatc, and Mary Welemate, of St. Olave, York — 
at either place. 

Nicholas Sampson and Emote Ibberson, of Worrall-in-Bradfield — at Bradfield. 

Matthew Metcalfe, of York, and Mary Leedham, of Ncwton-upon-Ouse — at Newton. 

Alan Smith, of Garforth, and Ann Gray, of St. Michael, Spurriergate, York — at 
either place. 

Isaac Newton and Hesther Bushell, of Whitby- — at W^hilby. 

William Manby, gen., of St. Olave, and Elizabeth Scudamore,^ of Holy Trinity, 
Goodramgate, York — at either place. 

John Allan, of St. Mary, Beverley, and Margaret Pierson, of Selby — at either place. 

Roger Johnson and Ann Marshall, of St. Mary, Castlegale, York — at St. Mary. 

Thomas Lassels, of Northallerton, and Frances Haldenby, of North Ferriby — at 
North Ferriby. 

Thomas Marshall and Mary Moxon, of Sherburn — at Sherburn. 

Gilbert Lambert, of Hutton Cranswick, and Margaret Warter, of Atwiek — at cither 
place. 

William Sheppard and Mary Hurst, of Adwick Street — at Adwick Street. 

[385] 

Nathaniel Sumpner (?), of Rowley, and Mary Johnson, of South Cave— at either 
place. 

Ralph Willcy, of Silkston, and Ann Holdsworth, widow, of Barnsley — at either 
place. 

Richard Fletcher and Ann Burton, widow, of Spofforth — at Spofibrth. 

Michael Moore and Ann Scagglethorpe, widow, of Pannal — at Pannal. 

John Shepherd and Dorothy Pinder, of Lowthorpe — at Lowthorpe. 

James Lister, clerk, Vicar of Wakefield, and Elizabeth Williams, of Birstall — at 
Wakefield, or Horbury, or Birstall. 

John Holdsworth, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, and Mary Thompson, of St. Margaret, 
York — at .St. Margaret. 

John Ness, of Hovingham, and Ann Coultus, of Scampston — at either place. 

John Waite (? Waile), of Haxby, and Susan Couyers, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 

Anthony Ellis and Margaret Brinsforth, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Henry Bedsworth, of Womersley, and Isabel Richardson, of Kcllington — at either 
place. 

(i) Son of Sir Thoma-s Fairfax, first Lord (2) Isaac Newton, of Ruswarp, died about 

Fairfax, of Denton and Ellen Aske. An anti- 1650. His son Isaac appeared at Duf;daies 

quary and author of Analecta Fnir/axianay Visitation in 1665. Hesther WTis daughter of 

bom at Denton, 5 March, 1597, buried at Otley, Nicholas Hushell, of Whitby. 

aa Dec, 1673. His wife was Mary (?), daughter (3) Daughter of Thomas Scudamore, of Over- 

of ^ohn Brearey, of Scow Hall and Mcnston, ton, by .Mary, daughter of John Jenkins, of 

buried at Ollcy, ao Oct., 1657. See Dictionary York. See Du^dalts Viiitation^ p. 15^. 
9/ National Biogra^y, 



36 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Nicholas Atkinson, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, and Ann Fawcett, of All Saints', 
Pavement, York — at either place. 

Thomas Squire, clerk. Rector of Escrick, and Elizabeth Scott, dau. of John Scott, 
Dean of York — at Escrick. 

Samuel Mottram and Elizabeth Forde, of Bishopthorpe^ — at Bishopthorpe or 
Bolton Percy. 

John Eattie, of Crambe, and Mary Bland, of Dalby — at either place. 

Christopher Settle, of Doncaster, and Isabel Tomlinson, of St. Olave, York — at 
either place. 

John Huntress, of St. Crux, and Lennia (? Lofthouse), of Sl Olave, York — at St. 
Olave. 

Henry Walker and Mary Maude, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

William Blanchard and Dorothy Feather, of Whitby — at Whitby. 
[386] ^ 

Francis Tireman, of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, and Elizabeth Cartwright, of 
Kirby Moorside — at either place. ^ 

William Marshall and Jane Pulleyne, of Pateley Bridge — at Pateley Bridge. 

Henry Abbott, of Ripon, and Elizabeth Maxfield, of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, 
York — at Holy Trinity. 

George Lawson, of Hunmanby, and Ellen Rand, of Filey~at cither place. 

Roger Creswick, of EcclcNfield, and Elizabeth Cole, of Wath —at cither place. 

George Coc and Alice Fletcher, of Rotherham — at Rotherham. 

Simeon Dyson and Martha Firth, of EUand — at Elland.^ 

Nicholas Doughty, of Sheffield, and Mary Leadbeater, widow, of Doncaster — at 
Doncaster. 

Roger Jaques* and Mary Rawden, of St. Crux, York — at St. Crux. 

Anthony Rowse, of Kilnwick, and Margaret Kirkby, of Cowlam — at either place. 

Thomas Hutchinson, of Slingsby, and Jane Wilson, of Holy Trinity, King's Court, 
York, dau. of Thomas Wilson, gen. — at Holy Trinity. 

Edward W^addington, of Waddington, and Margaret Dawson, of Clithero — at cither 
place. 

William Westerman, of Rothwell, and Ann Birtwisle, of Whitkirk — at either place. •'^ 

John Gunby, of Bubwith, and Margaret Carlin, of Holme Spalding — at either place. 

Peter Harland, of Hornsea, and Ann Haddlesey, of Catwick — at Hornsea. 

Richard Stainburn and Jane Simpson, of Hampsthwaite — at Hampsthwaite. 

John Atkinson, of Coxwold, and Joan Scales, of Carlton Husthwaite — at either 
place. 

Robert Trapham (?) and Dorothy Carleil, of Whitby — at Whitby, 

William Morden, clerk, Curate of Bolton Percy, and Ann Worlich, of St. Martin, 
Micklegate, York — at St. Martin. 

[387] 

John Anderton, of Woodsetts,*and Ann Crooke, of Sheffield— at Sheffield. 

William Milnes, of Moor Monkton, and Mary Jackson, of St. Mary, Bishophill, 
York — at cither place. 

John Gledhall, of Weighton, and Jane Brand, of Holy Trinity, Hull— at Holy 
Trinity. 

William King, of Harwood,and Isabel Barugh, of St. Dennis, York — at either place. 

Stephen Kitching, of Kettlewell, and Isabel Windle, of Ridleston— at either place. 

John Haigh, of Bradfield, and Elizabeth Priest, widow, of Peniston — at Bradfield. 

John Hatfield, of Wakefield, and Mary Frank, of Harwood — at either place. 

(i) See Dugdaiet Visitation, p. 222. Mary, daughter of I^urence Rawden, at St. 

(2) Not at York. Crux, 5 Feb., 1625-6. She was buried there 13 

(3) Married 10 February, 1625-6. Nov., 1657. See Dugdales yisitation, p. 162. 



paver's marriage licenses. 37 

Richard Burton, esq., and Ellen Strickland, of Ripon— at Ripon. 

Richard Phipps, of Tankersley, and Ann Wilden, widow, of St. Martin, Micklegate, 
York — at either place. 

William Williamson, clerk, of Newton-upon-Ouse, and Elizabeth Almond, of 
Walkington — at either place. 

William Matthew, of All Saints', Pavement, and Mary Mauleverer, of St. Laurence, 
York— at either place. 

William Johnson, of St. Mar>% and Margaret Clarke, dau. of Thomas Clarke, of St. 
John, Beverley — at either place. 

Thomas Newcome and Isabel Bambridge, of St. Mary, Beverley— at St. Mary. 

Richard Silvester and Margaret Webster, of Rotherham — at Rotherham. 

Thomas Stable and Magdalen Benson, of St. Sampson — at St. Sampson. 
[388] 

Robert Snowden, of North Deighton, and Bridget Hornby, of Spofforth — at 
Spofforth. 

Richard Hodge and Frances Bell, widow, of Sowerby — at Thirsk or Sowerby. 

Richard Willey (or Witty), of Kirkburn, and Ann Hodgson, of Lockington — at 
Lockington. 

Rc^er Cayley and Jane Healey, of Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, York — at Holy 
Trinity. 

George Burniston, of Leeds, and Ann Manklands, of St. Helen, Stonegate, York — 
at St. Helen. 

John Vemell, of Holme Spalding, and Prudence Watson, of Seaton — at either place. 

Richard Ellis, clerk, of Darton, and Elizabeth Warde, of Bradfield — at either place. 

John Elvington, of Holy Trinity, and Jane Anderson, of St. Mary, Hull— at either 
place. 

John Clay, of Elland, and Mary Holland, widow, of Halifax — at either place. ^ 

Henry Wilson and Ann Blowe, of Naburn — at Naburn. 

William Bryan, of Yarmouth, and Susan Read, widow, of Holy Trinity, Hull — at 
Holy Trinity. 

John Thornton, of Calverley, and Mary W^alker, of Bradford -at Bradford. 

William Armson (?) and Elizabeth Young, of Ellerton — at Ellerton. 

W'illiam Midgley and Mary Fairbank, widow, of Halifax — at Halifax. 

Nathaniel Firth and Sarah Greenwood, of Skircoat — at Halifax. 

Mungo Duff and Elizabeth Johnson, of Sprotborough — at Sprotborough. 

Thomas Wright and Mary Jessop, of Sheffield — at Sheffield. 

Thomas Burton and Dorothy Burton, oT Hedon — at Hedon. 

Henry Haii^h, of Halifax, and Bridget Hoyle, widow, of Luddendcn — at either 
place. 

Here follows apparently 1626^ but vide Index at end of book, which seems to 

imply that more of 163^ is found at col. 460. Ho^Uct'cr, as well as I 

can make out^ the year 1626' is on col. 460. Here I find (460) three 

entries, thus: — 

John Watson, of Fylingdales, and Cecily Wilkinson, of Sneaton — at either place. 

James Banks, of North Cave, and Elizabeth Marshall, of St. Mar>', Castlegale, 

York — at either place. 
Robert Wilkinson, of South Dalton, and Mary Langdale, of Helmslcy— at Helmsley. 

(t) Married at Halifax, 13 Apr., 1626. 



EXCAVATION AT PULE HILL, NEAR MARSDEN, 
On the Huddersfield and Manchester Road. 

Report by E. KITSON CLARK, F.S.A. 

A REPORT was made to the President of the Yorkshire Archaeological 
Society that five urns and a number of worked flints had been 
found on the top of Pule Hill, eight miles south-west from 
Huddersfield, on the road from that place to Manchester, and in 
consequence, in the autumn of 1899, a regular investigation was 
undertaken under the auspices of that Society. The position and 
aspect of this hill were sufficiently remarkable to confirm the 
likelihood that a burying-ground of some importance would be found 
there. A long sloping shoulder, edged with a remarkable millstone 
grit escarpment, rises to a point whence the ground falls sharply 
away on three sides. The contour lines of the 6in. ordnance map, 
No. cclix., S.E., show at a glance that Pule Hill stands boldly above 
the moors, which rise gradually to the watershed of the Pennine 
Range. Its summit, where the urns and flints were found, was 
perhaps once covered with peat, since used up for fuel; now it is 
composed of rough debris of rock, shattered by frost and disintegrated 
by storms of rain and wind. 

In order to make a complete investigation of the site where urns 
and flints had been discovered, a trench was driven straight across 
the top from west to east, the ground then bared to the bed rock as 
far as the outcrop on the western and eastern and southern sides, 
and, as far as a line drawn east to west, about thirty yards to the 
north. 

Here the rough soil varied from a depth of two feet to as many 
inches. There was no sign of a mound, but as the hill top had 
possibly been denuded of the peat which covered the crest of the 
ridge, there is no direct evidence against a mound. In three places 
were found distinct cavities (Figs. 8 and 9), — one cavity selected and 
photographed from the side (Fig. 8), and from above (Fig. 9), — driven 
into the rock to a depth of about eighteen inches, the dimensions of 
which were irregular owing to the shattered condition of the rock, 
but averaged three feet long by two feet wide; nor was it possible 
to detect a symmetry in the arrangement of the holes. At the time 



EXCAVATION AT PULE HILL, 89 

of excavation small portions of bone and charcoal and flint were 
found in the bottom of the cavities. The discoverer of the urns 
states that they were laid on their side at the places where the 
cavities were subsequently discovered. Note GreenwelPs British 
BarrowSy p. 9. 

"Holes below the natural surface were frequently found within 
the area of a barrow, sometimes four or ^\^ in a barrow of various 
sizes, differing in shape, but generally circular, about i^ feet in 
diameter and the same in depth. In the greater number of cases 
filled with the ordinary materials of which the mound itself is 
composed; at other times containing pieces of animal, more rarely 
human, bones, potsherd, charcoal, &c." 

Four of the Pule Hill urns were of the kind which have received 
the name of " food vessels," and contained bones and charcoal. In 
one case only was a flint found inside an urn ; these urns lay on 
their side, but as the discovery of the cavities was made at a 
subsequent time to the finding of the urns there is no exact 
evidence as to the manner in which they lay relatively. 

Besides the four vessels mentioned above, an " incense cup " 

(Figs. I and 6), containing soil and calcined bones, was found. In 

this two little holes, i^ inches apart, were pierced at the bottom 

corner, in such a position that air for the slow combustion of 

the contents would hardly enter the cup unless it were raised slightly 

from the ground. 

Dimensions of the incense cup. 

Diameter of top opening... ... ... ... 2iin. 

„ of widest part ... ... ... 4in. to 4jin. 

,, 01 oase ... ... ... ... .•• ^'qin. 

Height ... ... ... .. ... 3iin. to 2jin. 

Thickness, about ... ... ... ... ... ^in. 

Ornamentation. 

Lines lightly incised, zigzag on sides and base. 

Circumferential at edges of top and base. 

The dimensions of two of the "food vessels" are given below. 
Neither presents any striking particularity. In the case of one (Figs. 3 
and 5), the two beads round the mouth are strongly marked, and 
have a very distinct groove between them — 



40 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Dimensions. 






Diameter of top ... 


4^in. 


„ of shoulder 




... 4jin. 


,, of base ... 




2 Jin. 


From base to shoulder ... 




2in. to 2jin. 


„ shoulder to lower bead 




lin. 


„ ,, to top 




i^in. 


„ base to top... 




33in. to 4in. 


Approximate thickness 




Jin. 


The rim overhangs inside. 




Ornamentation. 




A number of slight indentations distributed 


fairly regularly 


over the whole surface. 







Upon the sides of the other vessel (Fig. 4) are two slight lugs, 
opposite to one another, and i| inches from the base. 

This urn has been very much broken, but the lugs appear to 
have been perforated, and to have been pinched up from the body 
of the urn, and not superimposed, as in the urn described below. 

The holes have broken out, and there would never have been 

strength in the lugs to resist the strain of a thong passed through 

them. 

Dimensions. 

Diameter of top ... 

„ of shoulder 

„ of base... 

From base to shoulder ... 

shoulder to lower bead 

„ to top 

base to top... 

Approx. thickness ... 

The rim overhangs inside. 

Ornamentation. 
Short indentations, incised, herring bone fashion. 

The most interesting and at the same time the best preserved of 
the " food vessels " is shown very clearly in the photograph (Figs. 2 
and 7). 

From the dimensions given below it will be seen that the width 
is greater in proportion to the height than is usual. 

There remains one perforated lug, and a distinct indication, 
where there is a break in the ornamentation, that a second similar 
lug has been placed on the vessel. 



j> 



n 



>> 



■ • 


. 5 J in. 


pprox 


. 44in. 


j> 


i^in. 


>j 


I J in. 


• • 


I in. 


• • 


2in. 


3|in. 


to 3iin. 


;^in 


. to |in. 




>>-..^ -'ty\ '.^ 



42 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The Bones. — At the time of the first discoveries, when the spade 
touched bones, the soil appeared to fall in as if a body had lain in 
the spot and become disintegrated. Many bones, again, were found 
inside the urns. They have been kindly examined by Professor 
Boyd Dawkins, F.S.A. He states that they contained calcined 
fragments of various parts of the human skeleton, such as skull, lower 
jaw, elbow, humerus, &c. 

They have been so completely burned that there is no carbonised 
animal matter left in them. That they have been burnt is shown 
by the curiously warped and distorted forms, and from the manner 
in which they have been traversed by cracks. Among the bones 
submitted to Professor Boyd Dawkins, no trace of any animal 
could be detected, man excepted. 

Photographs of the urns, the site, and the cavities mentioned 
above were taken, and are in the possession of the Librarian, 
who makes this report. 

The urns are held by the finder, Mr. George Marsden. An 
endeavour will be made to have them kept eventually in a safe and 
accessible place. 

The discovery was reported to the Society of Antiquaries, 
London, in 1897. See Proceedings, 1897, March 25 ; Second 
Series, vol. xvi.. No. iv., page 325; but the urns were not produced 
and no photographs presented. 

It is hoped that other discoveries may be made in the remarkable 
hills of the Pennine Range, judging from the similarity of the 
positions of this discovery and that near Todmorden, reported to 
the Society of Antiquaries, London, in 1898. 

The thanks of the Society are due for facilities afforded by Sir 
P. RadclifTe, the owner of the estate, and Mr. Joseph Crowther, who 
rents the property. 



1Rote0. 



[The Council have decided to reserve a small space in each Numl)er for notices of 
rinds and other discoveries; and it is hoped that Members will assist in making 
this a record of all matters of archaeological interest which from time to 
time may be brought to light in this large county.] 



LXXIV. 



STONE COFFIN NEAR BIRKIN. 

In 1899 a stone coffin was found in a field not far from the 
village of Birkin, in the flat country in the south-east of Yorkshire; 
it was transferred to the churchyard, and it now lies at the north- 
west corner of the church. It is composed of millstone grit, not 
unlike that from which Kirkstall Abbey is made ; and, as the Birkin 
district is magnesian limestone, the stone must have travelled some 
twenty miles at least to its present position. 

Appended is a schedule of dimensions of this and a certain 
number of coffins found in the district. It has been made with the 
intention of comparison and to form a basis for some generalisation 
in connection with their manufacture. 



I 



ir B- ^ 



1 



< -A- 




I'irkin, Vorks. 
York Museum i 

3 

4 

5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 



Fryslon Hall, 

Vorks. 



}\ 

r. tn. \n. in. 
3i; 7 5i 

8 IT 

7 6 

3 »i 

7 4 

7 I 

7 10 

7 2 



ti 

5 
8 

4 
I 

8 
o 
8 

9 

4 



C E F D 

ft. in. I ff. in. ft. in. ft. in 



1 10 

2 1 



I>eeds Phil. Soc. 6 5 
Roondhay,Lc^:U^> 7 o 



7 

7 
7 

6 
7 



6 54 7 



7 
7 

6 

9 

a 

o 



I 

2 
2 
2 

a 

2 

2 
3 



5 
2 

2 

4 
o 

2 

o 

o 



2 

a 
I 
2 
a 
2 



o 

1 

3 
6 
2 
2 

5 



Sh 



o 7il Found in adjacent field. Grii: liramley 

Fall 



1 10 

2 a 

2 3 

3 2 
2 I 

m 
» 9 



2 
2 
I 

2 
2 
2 

a 
2 
2 
2 
2 



2 

3 

9 

3 
2 

5 
o 

4 
5 
2 

3 



o S Inscribed (Wonian'i) 
on' „ (Mans) 



to 
2 o 



o 8 



I o 

' 8 
o 10 

I ° " 

O II 



! » 



(Oiiur.s) 

(Woman's) no lid 

(Man's) no lid 
Rough and massive 
Woman's 
Space marked for inscription, vacant 



13 
n 

X 
o 



C/5 



It 

n 



,, drii : IJramley 

Fall 



c 
s 



Grit 



1 7 2 2jj 2 6 I o 7^1 From Ry. cutting, Scarcroft. Grit 



)\ 2 



Thickness of stone varie> from 4in 



I o 7| 
to 3iin. 



Grit 



44 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

From the presence of Roman inscriptions on some and the 
similarity of all, it is assumed that all are Roman. And further, it 
will be noted that all these coffins are practically of equal width at 
either end, and so are to be differentiated from the mediaeval coffins, 
which taper from shoulder to feet. Most of them have lids, with a 
perceptible ridge down the centre, and thus bear a resemblance to 
mediaeval Roman Sarcophagi {cf. the well-known coffins at Ravenna). 
As there are no other traces of Roman occupation, it is suggested 
that the coffin found at Birkin was on its way by water down the 
Aire and up the Ouse from the district where the stone is found 
{i.e. Leeds and neighbourhood) to York, and that in the course of 
its journey it was carried over the low banks in a flood, and 
stranded. 



LXXV. 

AN ACCOMPT OF CONTINGENCIES DISBURSED SINCE 

DECEMBER, 1646, BY WARRANT FROM 

HIS EXCELLENCY THE LORD GENERAL FAIRFAX. 

It consists of pages (folio) stitched together, with several different 
accounts in different handwritings, signed or initialled in some cases 
by E. Grosvener. In .some cases signed by John Barkstead, and 
initialled E. G. In two cases the orders of his Excellency are 
repeated and signed in full by E. Grosvenor, Jo. Barkstead, and 
Jo. Rushworth. 

John Rushworth was Civilian Secretary to the General, and it is 
interesting to note that the papers have been previously signed by 
the two other signatories, and then placed before him for his 
signature. Because, while the first two names have been allowed to 
dry, in both cases Jo. Rushworth still carries the sand which has 
been used from the" pouncet box. 

The earliest date in the MS. is January i, 1646 ; the latest June 
26, 1650. As the accounts overlap, there is no possibility of forming 
any general estimate of the money paid to the army; in fact, this 
MS. only forms one of a great series of similar accounts, many of 
which are to be found in the Record Office. But it deals with a 
most interesting period : when the army had been framed on the 
" new model," when the successes in the campaign of the west had 
given an unsuspected power to the army, when Parliament was 
divided within itself, and the army was coquetting with the king, and 
the king with the Scots. 



NOTES. 45 

The "contingencies" in the north deal largely with expenses in 
preparation, in view of danger from the Scots, for in 1647 Charles I. 
was at Carisbrooke, treating with representatives from Scotland. 

Two pages are here reproduced (Figs. 13 and 14). The MS. is in 
the possession of the Thoresby Society (Leeds), under whose 
auspices it will be edited. 



LXXVI. 
SEAL FROM THE WHARFE AT BOLTON. 

Figs, it and 12 represent a brass seal which was found in the river 
Wharfe in 1891, 200 yards below the stepping stones by which the 
river is crossed, opposite to Bolton Priory. It is now in the 
possession of Mr. T. Rouse, of Bolton Bridge. 

It is conjectured that it was thrown into the river at a time 
when the soil was shifted in connection with an increase in the 
churchyard, when stumps were cut away, the ground levelled, and a 
certain amount of spoil was tipped down the river bank. 

There is no visible connection in the above with Bolton, and no 
suggestion is made as to the owners of the seal. 

The seal, which is of the usual conical form, with trefoil loop, is 
i3-i6in. in diameter. The device is much worn, and rudely engraved, 
but represents an armed knight in fretty surcoat, holding in his left 
hand a fretty shield, and with his right driving a spear into the body 
of a dormant lion. In the background is a tree. There is no 
legend. 

Despite the rudeness of the engraving, the seal appears to belong 
to the middle of the thirteenth century. 



NOTES ON THE BELLS 

OF THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF THE 

WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 

By J. EYRE POPPLETON. 

The following notes are the result of about twenty years intermittent 
work. I have received much valuable help from friends, and have 
personally inspected most, at any rate, of the older bells. I am 
afraid, however, that on the printing of my notes they will be found 
to contain some errors. In the first place, no one unacquainted 
with bell-hunting can have any idea how difficult it is in the half 
light of a belfry to read accurately, even with the help of a lantern, 
the inscription on a bell. I have several times found errors in 
copies of inscriptions sent me by men who had extensive experience 
in the work ; and what I say of others \y\\\ doubtless prove true of 
myself I can only apologise for all such errors, and beg of any 
one discovering them to put me right. I set myself to work upon 
the bells in 1879 or 1880, but lack of time, and often of energy, 
has caused the completion of the task to take much longer than it 
should have done. As a result, many bells which I found in my 
earlier expeditions may now have fallen a prey to the bellfounder. 
I know of several such cases, and doubtless there are many others I 
have never heard of. New bells also may have been added without 
my hearing of them. I can only beg those who find my account 
incorrect in this respect to communicate with me. When I first 
began the work I was told that I should not find many pre-Reformation 
bells in the West Riding ; and it is true that in the manufacturing 
districts of the Riding many of the old bells have been sacrificed 
towards a new ring of six or more. In the agricultural districts, 
however, it will be seen that many-4incient bells remain. 

About 400 of the churches in the Riding have been founded 
and built since 1750, and the bells their tow^ers contain have little 
interest except from a ringer's point of view. About 320 churches 
were in existence in the Riding at the date just named, and it is 
with the bells now or heretofore hanging in the belfries of these 
churches that my notes deal. Of course many of these churches 
have been rebuilt since 1750, but I have endeavoured to follow the 
old bells or their successors up to the present time. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 47 

After dealing with the inscriptions on the bells, I hope to add a 
few notes on those Founders of whose work the West Riding affords 
examples; but it seems to me that these notes will be better 
appreciated by the readers of our Journal when they can refer to 
the whole of the plates. The latter are photographic reproductions 
of plaster casts made from moulds taken from the bells themselves. 

In 1874 an account of the Church Bells of the East Riding, by 
Rev. W. C. Boulter, appeared in our Journal^ and the bells of the 
city of York have been dealt with by Mr. George Benson, in a 
pamphlet (Pickwell, York, 1885). The North Riding still remains to 
be done; but, as I have already considerable material towards an 
account of its bells, I hope some day to be able to offer notes on 
the bells of that Riding, of a similar nature to those I have now 
prepared with regard to the West, or at any rate to help some one 
else to do so. 

I am indebted to so many kind friends for help as to the West 
Riding bells, that it may seem invidious to mention any names ; but 
I cannot help referring to the especial kindness and help which I 
have received from the late Rev. H. T. Ellacombe, and Rev. W. C. 
Lukis, and from Dr. J. T. Fowler, Dr. J. J. Raven, and Messrs. 
Richard Holmes, R. C. Hope, and George Benson. To these, and 
to a great number of others who have spent time and trouble 
in helping me, I offer my hearty thanks. 



DIOCESE OF YORK 

Archdeaconry of York. 



(The /igttres in brackets throuf^kout these notes refer io the illustrations.') 



(a) Deanery of Ainsty. 
ACOMB (St. Stephen). Three bells. 

1. RECAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1882 

(lower) JESUS be our speed 1660 <*») 

2. lESVS BE OVR SPEED 1 633 

3. RECAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 885 
(lower) VENITE EXULTEMUS DOMINO 

GIVEN BY M. A. HALE R.P.T. TENNENT VICAR 

I.C.G.(/') 7 VA. \\. June 9ih. 

« Before it was recast, this bell had in ^ Reference to the Invcntorit-s of 

addition to the inscription a mono- Church Goods temp. Edward VI., in 
gram, (a) the Record Office. 



48 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

ASKHAM BRYAN (St. Lawrence). One bell. 

^ lESVS BE OVR SPEED 1611 

LC.G. 7 Ed. VI. June 9lh. Y-4- 

ASKHAM RICHARD (St Mary). One bell. 

J. TAYLOR c^ C^- FOUNDERS LOUGHIJOROUGH 1878 
I.C.G. 7 Ed. VI. June 9th. J^-io. 

BILTON (St. Helen). One bell. 

3n EucunTJitate Soni <S0nab0t<^)8Cibi ©ne 

(lower) WO ^32) 

22^ in. dia. Height 18^ in. 

There is a double bell-cot ; and an old tradition tells that a 
travelling tinker stole the other bell. (Bogg's Wharfedale^ p. 65). 

I.C.G. 7 Ed. VL 9th June. V--13. 

HEALAUGH (St. Helen). Three bells. 

1. WE CALL COME YE WATCH & PRAY 

2. HAVE FAITH IN CHRIST & LIVE ETERNALLY 1 786 

3. GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHKST HALLELVIAH 1 786 

Each bell has on a lower line — "dalton fecit york 1786" 

I.C.G. 7 Ed. VI. 9ih June. ^. 

LONG MARSTON (All Saints). Three bells. 

I. POPVLVM VOCO 1728 MARMADVKE BVCK RECTOR 

0>. wiL calvp:rt ioh newby chvrch c / c iigr I 

OWer) THOS ACCOMHE IOH SHANN WARDEN^ | ptl^- j 

26 in. dia. 

2. 1^ (39) T^jf^y^j^^ \ M.S^ \ ^immiM^L \ ('> 

20 in. dia. 

3. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1699 

(lower) gSS^ (0 

30 in. dia. 

These bells were, in 1889, all hung on half wheels. 
MOOR MONKTON (All Saints). One bell. 

SOLI DEO GLORIA 
(lower) Henry Si.ingesby gave mee to the j'arrish chvrch moore mvnckton 

(lower) IN AN DO 1638 

36 in. dia. 

UPPER POPPLETON (All Saints). Three bells. 

I. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 169O 
2 & 3. JOHN WILLIAMS VICAR 

J. T. DEIGHTON CHVRCH WARDEN 1 892 

Nos. 2 and 3 were cast by Messrs. Warner, and the three were 
hung by Messrs. Mallaby, of Masham, in 1892. 

LC.G. 7 Ed. VL 9 June. Y-9- 

^This is probably a founder's error. letters and even words and sentences 
Often words are found mis-spelt, and reversed. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 49 

NETHER POPPLETON (St. Everilda). Two bells. 

1. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1 676 

2. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1676 

(lower) RC WK chvrchwardens 
RUFFORTH (All Saints\ Three bells. 

I. J WARNER & SONS L'^° LONDON 1 894 

2 & 3. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS L'^^ LONDON 1 894 

Up to 1894 there were two bells by Edward Seller, 

of York, which had — 

1. EXVLTATE DEO I71O 

WILLIAM TURNER 1 chvrch 

HENRY CARTWRIGHT ( wardens 

2. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 

These were sent to Messrs. Warner, and used in the new ring. 

WALTON (St. Peter). Three bells. 
I. ►J<<^°^?l|u g 

[M&M ©MIS 

3. <36) 0ci (37) midjael arkangeli 

This bell is badly cracked. 
I.C.G. 7 Ed. VI. J^.8. 

WIGHILL (All Saints). Three bells. 

1. lESVS BE OVR SPEED 1 636 

BH IS 

2. THOMAS MEARS FOUNDER LONDON 184O 

(lower) DMS 1658 

RECAST 1840 
R. F. WILSON ESQ** 
J. JESSOP D.D. VICAR 

3. (The same inscription as the last, except that the original date 
is 1699.) Weight of tenor, 6 cwt. i qr. 
I.C.G. 7 Ed. VI. ^<i.ii. 



(b) Deanery of Bishopthorpe. 
ACASTER MALBIS (Holy Trinity). Two bells. 

2. DEO GLORIA 1760 

lOHN DEALTRY CURATE lOH DOVE MAT BKMBY ^"'^^^JJI,, ^ S^jJ^rj 
VOL. XVI. \> 



50 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

BILBROUGH (St. James). Three bells. 

1, 2 & 3. DALTON OF YORK FECIT 1 789 

I.C.G. 7 Ed- VI. V-V- 

BISHOPTHORPE (St. Andrew). One bell. 

THOMAS MEARS FOUNDER LONDON. 

Mr. George Benson, of York, tells me that the Dutch Bell 
which formerly hung in St. Crux Church, York, and was afterwards 
preserved in the Museum of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society, is 
to be hung in the new church at Bishopthorpe. It has — 

"X IC BEN GHEGOTEN INT JAER ONS HEEREN M CCCCC X III." 

{Yorks. PhiL Soc. Report, 1898.) 
I.C.G. 9 June, V - 12. 

BOLTON PERCY (All Saints). Three bells. 
I. -|Daiton|- (three times) 1760 

2. DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1629 

(lower) The Royal Arms of the period. 
3. En Eucuntiitate Soni Sonabo Ciii ©ne $c En ©ulcet^ine ITocis 

^^ [Cantaio Cuo Noe 1605 wo <32) 

Gent {History oj Ripon, P- 5 ^ ) says that in his day the first bell 
had "Non formam spectas Domini sed suplice flectas 1620," and had 
been cast by Abraham Smith and William Cuerton. 

Ringers' Rules. 
" He that a bell doth overthrow 
Shall twopence pay before he go 
And he that rings with spur or hat 
Shall fourpence pay be sure of that 
And if these orders he refuse 
Not less than sixpence will excuse." 

COPMANTHORPE (St. Giles). Two bells. 

1. J. WARNER & SONS LONDON 1870 

2. MISERERE MEI DEUS 



(c) Deanery of Doncaster. 

ADWICK-LE-STREET (St. Lawrence). Six bells. 

There were, until 1897, three bells only, viz : — 

[Bl lj^F{"I^T^ (here three letters have been 

[cut off with a chisel) ^ .®SEJ®DBiE^ 1652 

27 in. dia. E. 
d The capitals of this inscription are unusually fine for its period (see plate vii). 



BELLS :N the west RIDING OF VORKSHIRK. 51 

2. a Talbot <"' 

29} in. dia. 

3. SOLI DEO GLORIA 1633 34 in. dia. B natural 

In 1897 all but No. 3 of these were recast, and three new bells 
added. The ring is now — 

i. john henry smith gave me 0. john taylor made me •<^ 

[a.d. 1897 ♦ 
2. gloria in excelsis deo 

(lower) REV. E. s. de courcy-ireland m.a. rector 
2. Fictoria per gciaginta annog ®racia IBei ISegma ♦ a.d. 1897 ♦ 

(lower) 3Lau0 ©co — Joi^n JCaglor founticr 
3 & 4. Below an Agnus Dei, couchant, a bell within the following 
inscription : — 

* JOHN * TAYLOR * AND C*' ijl LOUGHBOROUGH. 

5. (The original No. 3 as above.) 

6. JOHN TAYLOR & C^ FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH LEICESTERSHIRE 

(lower) VICTORIA 

1837 -1897 

These bells were dedicated by Dr. Crosthwaite, Bishop Suffragan 
of Beverley, on 22nd September, 1897. They weigh — 

cwt. qr. lb cwt. qr. lb. 

(l) 4027 (4) 602 

(2) 4 3 15 (5) 6 3 o 

(3) 5 2 16 (6) 10 o 21 

At the Survey of 1552 there were two bells here. 
ARKSEY (All Saints). Five bells. 

1. EX DONO GEO COOKE DE WHE\TLEY<^> BARONETTI ET 
(lower) FRATRIS SVI HENRICI ARM 1 673 QVOR ME SONANTE 

E^w ^'^ [recordamini 

On the waist the arms and crest of Cooke, of Wheatley. 
Arms : Or, a chevron gules, behveen two lions passant guardant sable, 
armed of the first. Crest : out oj a mural croiifn argent a lion issuant 
as in the arms, gorged with a ducal coronet or. 

27J in dia. 

2. TEMPLA DEDIT PRISCI PIETAS NON GARRVLA S^XLI 

(lower) CAMPANAS POSVIT N LOQVAX NIMIVM 1673 ifi^/'^ 

30J in. dia. 

3. lESVS BE OVk SPEED 1 65 7 

(lower) w p ^7rd'e"s a s fecit <») wc <^3) (») 

32^ in. dia. 

'This George C<x)ke was the first baronet, born 1628, died unmarried l6th 
October, 1683 His brother Henry, born 1633, succeeded him as second Iwironet. 



52 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

E Seller (*) 

4. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 1718 THO RODWELL VICCAR Ebor "* 

Hovver^ "^"^ TIRWHIT CHVRCH e Seller (s) 

^ ' lAM HALL WARDENS ^^"^ 

36 in. dia. 

5. ALL LAVD AND PRAYES NOW LET VS SINGE GOD SEND THEM 

[heaven THAT HEARE ME RYNG 1 62 2 
39} in. dia. 

At the Survey of 1552 there was one bell and two Sanctus bells here. 
ARMTHORPE (St. Mary). Three bells. 

I, 2 & 3. J TAYLOR AND C° FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH 1 885 
I. (lower) GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 

Miller {History of Doncaster) says there was one bell in his time, 
1803. Hunter (1828) says two bells. An allotment of i acre and 
16 perches was, on the enclosure of the Common in 167 1, given to 
the church in lieu of land appropriated from ancient time, to the 
finding of bellropes. The Charity Commissioners, on their enquir>', 
found that the churchwardens received £^2 per annum rent for this 
{West Riding Reports^ p. 413). At the Survey of 1552 there was a 
Sanctus bell here. 

The following poem about Armthorpe Bells appeared in the 
Yorkshire Journal o{ January 19, 1788, and is there stated to have 
been written by a Doncastcr gentleman. (See Ingledew's Ballads 
and Songs of Yorkshire^ p. 171.) 

Armthorpe Bells. 

I sing the church of Armthorpe town, 
That stands upon a hill, 
And all who in the " Fly "''-/^ come down 
May see it if they will. 

But there to them it doth appear 
An humble barn, tho' neat ; 
I wish the rector every year 
Had it choke full of wheat. 

I only mean supposing it 

A very barn indeed ; 

I'm sure he'd give thereof what's fit 

To them who stand in need. 

The steeple, then, you may presume. 
Is not like that of Grantham, 
For bells and chimes there was no room, 
And now they do not want them. 

/" A notable cuach fi oni Leeds to London. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDTNG OF YORKSHIRE. 53 

In vain the Quakers it abuse, 
And with their canting flout it, 
Calling this church a steeple house : 
There's no such thing about it. 

Altho' no steeple doth appear, 
Yet bells they're not without, 
High hung in air, aloft they are, 
But where ? Ah ! there's the doubt. 

How this can be, for you to tell 
Requires somewhat to think on ; 
And yet they serve the folks as well 
As would Great Tom of Lincoln. 

The architect, a silly man 

(And artist too — God wot), 

Some say, when up he drew his plan. 

The steeple he forgot. 

But that was not the cause of it. 
Our wiser rector fancies ; 
Twas not the builder's lack of wit, 
But w^ant of the finances. 

To rectify this great neglect, 
Before the cash was spent all. 
An useful thing he did erect. 
Both cheap and ornamental. 

For he a simple wall did raise 
Upon the west-end gable. 
And I must own, unto his praise. 
It stands yet firm and stable. 

And of his skill to give some proof, 
Which he'd not done before. 
He built it up above the roof. 
Some six feet high or more. 

Of this, from north to south th'extent 
Was full as long as high, 
For doing which his wise intent 
I'll tell you bye and bye. 

Two holes quite through this wall were seen 
Like windows in a garret, 
That two small bells might hang therein 
For passengers to stare at. 



54 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

But how to get these bells — alas ! 
Much jangling did create, 
Much ale, and much tobacco was 
Consum'd in the debate. 

One wiser than the rest proposed 

To draw up a petition, 

Pegging Sir George ^^^ would be dispos'd 

To pity their condition. 

That he would kindly grant this boon 
Unto his tenants all, 
The dinner bell that calls at noon 
The vassals to his hall. 

When to Sir George they did impart 
How much they stood in need, 
He said he'd give 't, with all his heart, 
And sent it them with speed. 

Their need by this being half supply^d, 
They wanted now but one, 
But that, with judgment great, they cried, 
Should have a shriller tone. 

One thought upon a tavern bell. 
Another on a miller's, 
A third thought one would do as well 
That tinkles on a thill-horse. 

*'A fine one 's in the ' Angel' ('''^ bar," 
Says one, "and I can steal it, 
If on the bible you'll all swear 
You never will reveal it." 

The clerk, a simple tailor, cry'd 
He'd never touch the string 
Or whatsoever else they ty'd 
To the accursed thing. 

The tailor's speech did for some time 
Put all in great combustion ; 
They said it was no greater crime 
To steal a bell than fustian. 

^ Sir George Cooke, of Wheatley, ^* The Angel Hotel, Doncaster, upon the 

seventh baronet, 1766 to 1823. sit^ of which now stands the Guild Hall. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 55 

Here they had stuck, had it not been 
For what I shall relate, 
A gift to them quite unforeseen. 
Which was decreed by fate. 

A neigb'ring corp'rate town, who found 
Their crier's bell too small. 
To get one with a deeper sound 
Had call'd a common-hall. 

The mayor for th' honour of the place 
Commendably was zealous. 
And of whate'er might it disgrace 
Was equally as jealous. 

Said, " Gentlemen and brethren dear. 
You need not now be told 
That this here town for many a year 
Look'd very mean and old ; 

" But so magnificent is grown. 
As know ye all full well, 
That quality from London town 
Choose here to come and dwell. 

"Our mansion-house, inside and out, 
So elegant doth rise, 
That, in the nation round about, 
Tis mention'd with surprise. 

" Of precious time 'twould be a loss, 
Should I make long preambles 
Of pavements, lamps, and butter-cross, 
And of our butchers' shambles. 

" But here the newbuilt gaol, I own. 
Ought not to be forgotten, 
A sweeter place in all the town 
No one would chose to rot in. 

" Yet notwithstinding all our pains. 
Our judgment and expense, 
Yet wanting much, one thing remains 
Of weighty consequence. 

" For what avails our large gilt mace. 
Our full furr'd purple gowns? 
Our scarlet fiddler's noted race, 
And lord-like pack of hounds? 



56 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL 

" What, tho' our huntsman's clothed well, 
In coat of grass-green plush, 
Whene'er I see our crier's bell, 
I vow it makes me blush. 

" Whene'er we're sitting in this hall, 
The sound on't makes me sick, 
For 'tis a great burlesque on all 
Our body politic. 

" No dignity's thereby convey'd. 
No harmony decorous ; 
I marvel much no order's made 
It shan't be rung before us. 

*' Then, gentlemen, with decent pride, 
At this our solemn sitting. 
Let us agree that we provide 
A bell our town befitting." 

The Court agreed ; the bell was bought. 
With more melodious tongue ; 
How much it cost I have forgot. 
But to this day 'tis rung. 

Th' offensive bell was laid aside. 
Like statesmen when discarded, 
And in a stable did reside, 
Entirely disregarded. 

Soon did the news of this event 
Reach Armthorpe, you may swear, 
From whence two leading men were sent 
To treat with Mr. Mayor. 

Whom they approach 'd with awkward bow. 
And then with sly address 
They told his worship, "That as how 
They were in great distress.'' 

Said, "A great work we have in hand 
In which we've been too rash. 
For now it all is at a stand, 
Only for want of cash. 

" A bell we want, a small one too, 
Would make our business right ; 
A second-handed bell would do, 
Did we know where to buy't." 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 57 

By this time he smelt out their drift, 
And generous as a king, 
Said, " We have one, to you we'll giv 't, 
'Twill be the very thing. 

"And I'm well pleased, I do protest, 
To save you so much charge, 
But, 1 suppose, tho' you know best. 
Our bell will be too large." 

The bell was fetch'd at his command 
(A sight to them most pleasing). 
Of which to them, with but one hand, 
He livery gave and seizin. 

The joy they did at this conceive 
They could not well conceal. 
For as they bow'd, and took their leave, 
They rang a tingling peal. 

Full fast then homeward they did hie 
(Almost as quick as thought). 
Nor was their speed retarded by 
The weight of what they brought. 

But when the town they did descry, 
They rung the bell aloud, 
Which their success did signify 
To the desponding crowd. 

The townsmen bless'd at the event. 
And at their hearts full glad. 
Quickly returned the compliment. 
By ringing that they had. 

So when a ship a fort salutes, 
No sooner have they done. 
The fort, to obviate all disputes, 
Returns them gun for giin. 

Jason, who brought the golden fleece 
Upon the good ship Argo^ 
Was not more welcomed home than these, 
Tho' they did not so far go. 

Both bells were in triumphant state. 
With many a rustic grin. 
Conducted to the churchyard gate 
And introduc'd therein. 

VOL. XVI. E 



58 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Where in the shade of two spread yews, 
Like Baucis and Philemon, 
Was told at large the joyful news, 
To many a listening yeoman. 

They wanted not to mount them high 

A windlass or a gable, 

For any lad that stood thereby 

To run them up was able. 

The bells at last were safely hung 
In their respective holes. 
At weddings, where they both are rung ; 
At death, the largest tolls. 

At first they various ways did try 
In vain to make them speak, 
At last they did succeed, and by 
Un tour de mechanique. 

The clerk right wisely did foresee. 
By virtue of his post, 
That he of their good company 
Was like to have the most. 

To keep society alive. 
And that they still might please, 
Wish'd that some way he could contrive, 
T' enjoy the same with ease. 

For this he cudgelled his brains : 

At length this happy thought 

Occurr'd, which, with small cost and pains. 

He to perfection brought. 

He found two yard long sticks would do, 
Which might from westward come, 
When each had been well fixed to 
Its tintinnabulum. 

Two strings for ropes — a name too great — 
From these sticks might depend. 
And by two holes made thro' the slate, 
Into the church descend. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 59 

That he when sitting on his breech 
(In either hand a string), 
By giving an alternate twitch, 
With ease might make them ring. 

A great example here is seen 
Of the mechanic power, 
Nor has there yet adopted been 
A better to this hour. 

Here critics may cry out with spite, 
Lord ! how these verses jingle ! 
But otherwise how could I write 
On bells that only tingle? 

BARNBY DON (St. Peter and St. Paul). Six bells. 

^'/'&^'6^ [cast by JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1887 

6. (lower) to the glory of god 

VICTORIA JUBILEE 1887 
GIVEN BY LOVING PARISHIONERS & FRIENDS 

J DUFFIN BA VICAR 

G F MILNETHORPE 
W OLIVER 
S PARKIN 

There were up to 1887 three bells: — 

1. Ave maria gratia plena 

Dr. Fairbank says this bell had a Rose, SS. and (18). 

2. SOLI DEO GLORIA 1 64 7 

3. lESVS BE OVR SPEED 1 623 

Up to about 1840 a bell was rung daily at noon. 
BRODSWORTH (St. Michael). Three bells. 

I. GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGEST 

G. W. A. HAY DRUMMOND<') VICAR 
T. PRIESTLEY CHURCHW.\RDEN 1 792 

T. HILTON OF WATH FOUNDER 26J in. dia. 

2. lESVs BE OVR SPEED 1630 27 in. dia. 



CHURCHWARDENS 





SAVE 




THE 



iJi(2o)qqd save the chvrch 



30 in. dia. 
At the Survey of 1552 there were three bells here. 

' George William Auriol Hay Drum- of York, by Henrietta daughter of Peter 

mond, prebendary of York and vicar Auriol, of London. He died in 1807. 

of Doncaster and Brodsworth ; son {See //un/er, J/tst. Sou/A Vorks.tl., ^6.) 
of Robert Hay Drummond, archbishop 



60 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

fiURGHWALLIS (St. Helen). Three bells. 

[:B@rj^aai^ Ti5f©*m@r :m.&mM^W 

1870 

Each bell has also — 

J. TAYLOR & C® FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH 1870 

CAMPSALL (All Saints). Eight bells. 

1. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 879 

(lower) cvM . voco . ad . templvm . venite . 

2. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 879 
(lower) TE . DEVM . LAVDAMVS . 

3. RECAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 879 
(lower) DANIEL HEDERLY FOVNDER A.D. 1 729 

4. WNo inscription or mark; seem i8th century bells, possibly 

6. I by Hedderly.) 

5. tho cleworth vic tho bell cw 1 729 

7. glory to god prosperity and pece to all ovr 

[benefactors : 1729 

8. cast by john warner & sons london 1 879 

(lower) ^ TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND THE MEMORY 

OF WILLIAM HENRY AND CATHERINE COLLINS CASTLE 
THE GIFT OF THEIR SIX CHILDREN A.D. 1879 
REV"^ EDWIN CASTLE VICAR 
RICHARD CHAPMAN 



} 



™.x,^.o o,,»,.^„ . CHURCHWARDENS 
FRANCIS SENIOR 

CANTLEY (St. Wilfrid). Three bells, 
(lower) Int(«)^W 

[mM'WM^M <38> i6n 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 61 

CONISBROUGH (St. Peter). Three bells. 

I & 2. THO* HILTON OF WATH FOVNDER 1 7 74 

3. H WATKINS ^-^'^ VICAR F ARMITAGE J NICHOLSON CHVRCHWARD 
THOS HILTON OF WATH FOVNDER 1 774 

The death bell is rung with — 

Three times three strokes for a male. 
Twice three strokes for a female. 

DONCASTER (St. George). Eight bells. 

At the Survey of 1552 there were four bells here. 

About the year 1579 two bells were recast by a founder named 
Bellingham, who received ;£^2o for additional metal added. 

In 1592 the Ladye Bell was recast. 

In 1692 Cuthbert Pease contracted to find wood for yoking and 
hanging the great bell and keeping it in good order, for four years 
for £4 I OS. 

In 1720 there were five bells, which weighed 77 cwt. 2 qr. 25 lb., 
and upon one of which was — " daniel hedderly cast vs five 
A.D. 1720." 

In 1 72 1 these were sent back to Hedderly to be used in the 
making of a new ring of eight bells. The weights of the new ones 
were as follows : — 





cwt. 


qr. 


lb. 






cwt. 


qr. 


lb. 


(I) 


7 


I 


14 




(5) 


13 


I 





(2) 


8 





18 




(6) 


15 


2 


16 


(3) 


8 


2 


6 




(7) 


22 


T 





(4) 


10 


3 


15 
'Ibtal 


cwt. 


(8) 

• • • 


29 


I 


20 




115 


2 


5 



This recasting, with the additional metal supplied and the expenses 
of carriage, cost ;£^i6o. 

In October, 1749, James Harrison, of Barrow-on-Humber, was 
employed to tune the tenor and five others, and rehang four of them. 

In 1791 the seventh bell was recast by Hilton, of Wath. 

In 1834, the tenor having been cracked by the clock hammer, 
and another bell being injured, the whole ring except the seventh 
were recast by Thomas Mears into a new ring of eight. The weights 
of this ring were as follows : — 

cwt, qr. 

(1) 7 3 

(2) 8 3 

(3) 9 I 

(4) 12 o 



11). 






cwt. 


qr. 


lb. 


3 




(5) 


14 


2 





6 




(6) 


16 





23 







(7) 


22 


I 


7 


8 


cwt. 


(8) 

• • • 


31 





24 


Total 


122 





15 



> Instituted 1770; died 1820. 



62 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The coat of recasting and additional metal was ^£287 5^. id., and 
of appendages and fixing ^^45- The tenor had the inscription: — 

*'THIS peal weighing 6 TONS 2 CWT. AND 1 5 LB. WAS RECAST BY 
SUBSCRIPTION A.D. 1 835 THOMAS MEARS OF LONDON FOUNDER 
REV. JOHN SHARPE D.D. VICAR WILLIAM SHEARDOWN ESQ" MAYOR 
W H MORRIS THOMAS BROOKE W^ DUNHILL GEORGE WIGGLESWORTH 
CHURCHWARDENS." 

On 28th February, 1853, the church was entirely destroyed by fire. 
As much bell metal as possible was recovered from the ruins and 
sent to Messrs. Warner & Co., with a view to it, or its equivalent, being 
employed in casting a new ring. Messrs. Warner agreed to allow four 
per cent, on its value till the new ring was wanted. The church was 
rebuilt ; and a new ring, designed by the present Lord Grimthorpe 
and cast by Messrs. Warner, was hung in September, 1858. The 
weights are as follows : — 





cwt 


qr. 


lb. 






cwt. 


qr. 


lb. 


(0 


6 


2 


15 




(5) 


12 


3 


26 


(2) 


7 





22 




(6) 


^5 


I 


10 


(3) 


8 


I 







(7) 


21 





24 


(4) 


9 


3 




Total 


cwt. 


(8) 

■ • « 


30 


I 







11 I 


2 


13 



The tenor is 4 ft. 6 in. in diameter, and is in the key of E|j. The 
inscriptions are: — On each, "cast by john warner & sons London 
1858;" on 6 and 7 in addition, "designed by e. b. denison;" on 
tenor, "designed by edmund beckett denison." 

It used to be customary to ring the sixth bell to summon the 
Town Council, the fifth for the Highway Board, and the treble for 
the Vestry. Up to 1835 it was the custom to ring the bells in full 
peal on 5th November and 30th January in each year. It was also 
formerly usual to ring a bell at the expiration of an apprentice's 
time of service; but this was almost entirely discontinued after a 
fatal accident in the belfry in 1728. A bell was formerly rung at 
5 a.m. daily from Lady Day to Michaelmas, and up to 1808 a bell 
was always rung after service on Sundays. 

Dr. Fowler gives me the following, as written on the Doncaster 
Belfry wall : — 

" To call the folks to church in time, I chime. 
When mirth and pleasure's on the wing, I ring. 
When from the body parts the soul, I toll." 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 63 

EDLINGTON (St. Peter). Three bells. 
I. £'e0U0 bet our cspeetie 

(lower) G O 1658 24in. dia, 

2. HEDDERLEY FOUNDER 1 74 1 26 in. dia. 

3. SIMON : WESTENEYS I CHVRCH WARDEN I 1750 

29 in. dia. 

HATFIELD (St. Lawrence). Eight bells. 

1. DEO DICAT THOMAS JOHNSON FOX NUPER DE HATFIELD 

J TAYLOR & C° LOUGHBOROUGH 0^ ^ MDCCCLXXIV 

2. HANC CAMPANA DONO DEDIT GEORGIUS WRIGHT DE LINDHOLME 

J TAYLOR & C° LOUGHBOROUGH [^ ^ MDCCCLXXIV 

3. A BEQUEST(*>0F ROBERT FORSTER A NATIVE OF HATFIELD AND 

ULTIMATELY A CITIZEN OF LONDON AD 1619 

J TAYLOR LOUGHBOROUGH 

HENRY HOGARTH A.M. INCUMBENT 

THOMAS CHATTERTON ) 

I CH. WARDENS 
ROBERT HAGGITT > j>, 

WILLIAM OLIVER ) ^ ** 

4. I. GOODWORTH T CHESTER AND W SMITH CHVRCHWARDENS 1815 

(This bell was, I jhink, cast by James Harrison, 

of Barrow.) 

5. HEN MOORE ^"^^^^ 1684 
-^ WARDEN ^ 

OMNIS SPIRITVS LAVDET DOMINVM HALLELVIA EVor ^^^ 

, „ CHVRCH ,0 

6. HEN MOORE 1 684 

WARDEN ^ 

GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO E^r ^'^ 

7. THO LEE ESQ<^IOHN HATFIELD ESQ <'«> CORN LEE GENT («) SIMON 

[SIMSON MINC*') HENRY MOORE ^"vrch j58^ SS . v 

*- WARDEN ^ Ebor ^ ' 

8. SOLI DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1 642 

KIRK BRAMWITH (St. Mary). One bell. 

I. ®^35)^jr@ miM-HlM^ &MJ^^JlM^ 

27 in. dia. [tg> "P^'p7 

There has been another bell, the wheel and stock of which yet 
remained in 1890. 

At the Survey of 1552 there were two bells here, valued at j£6. 

*This bequest was for a bell to be Parliamentary army. Died 1694, xt. 72. 
rung at 6 a.m. daily. For many years „^ ,. » ru.cu 

aftw the beauest there was no bell- "Cornelius Lee, of Hatfield, a cornet - 

u . ^-. uJu - 11*/: ' of-horse in the Kmes army, was living 

but now a bell is rune daily at 6 a.ni., ,„,^ t> .1. tu^ j ^ i- 

«r^r. nnrJ ft ,^ in 'in 1 700. Bolh Thomas and Cornelius 

^^»,^« r f u .A 1^ ,AA._^ were sons of Robert Lee, of Hatfiehl 

/ Thomas Lee, of Hatfield, 1667-99. i Hunter \ 177-8^ 

»« Son of Ralph Hatfield, of Loughton- i^««''^ *•» ^77 ^h 

in-'e-Morthen, and a captain in the <^ Instituted 1669. 



64 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

KIRK SANDALL (St. Oswald). One bell. 

lOHN FOVNTAYNE GENTLEMAN 1690 

12 in. dia. 

There have been four other bells, the wheels of which were in 
the bell chamber in 1890. William Meakin, the then clerk, told me 
that in 1828 the bells were sold by the churchwardens to provide 
funds for the present tower at the south-west corner of the church. 
The previous tower had been at the north-west corner. 

LOVERSALL (St. Catherine). Three bells. 

I. fcare tf)e lott 
(lower) G o 1658 

(lower) 'M^'^^ ^'^^ Jg>(^9) 

(lower) :ifei(^7) 08) j^(i9) 

At the Survey of 1552 there were three bells here. 
MARR (St. Helen). Three bells. 

I. ^ MARY LEWYS <>^) LATE WIFE OF lOHN LEWYS («'> ESQVIER OF 
[mark DECEASED HATH FORTH OF HER LVOE jjESTOWED 
[this iELL 16 I 7 <38) 

25 in. dia. 

(lower) 'M^'^^ ^'^^ J2><^9) 

27 in. dia. 
3. SOLI DEO GLORIA 1 648 

30 in. dia. 

Death bell. — On tenor, three times three for a man. 

Three times two for a woman. 

At the Survey of 1552 there were three bells here. 

MELTON-ON-THE-HILL (All Saints). Three bells. 

1. (first line) (21) 

(second line) >^ (--> J.M.M'WS 
(lower) ^ (^7) ^ (19) 

27 in. dia. 

2. ^<36)0anc ti an to nii 

31 in. dia. 
3. SOLI DEO GLORIA 1 636 

34 in. dia. 

At the Survey of 1552 there was a Sanctus bell here and 

two bells, valued at ;;^ii. 

/ She was daughter of Lionell Reresby, and was buried at Marr. There is a 

of Thrybergh. brass to his memory in the church 

g He was a J. P. and Recorder of (Z^ww/^r, I., 362; Yorkshirf Arcfueohgical 

Doncaster. He died 17th Octo6er, 1589, fotirnal, xi., 86). 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 65 

OWSTON (All Saints). Three bells. 

1. SOLI DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1661 <■♦> <^^ (^> 

(lower) (23) four times. ^ chvrchwardens 

2. ^('o)©^(29) iJ,c(3) 

3. *<^^> *('°> iJjc<3) 
(lower) R H ^^^ 

At the Survey of 1552 there was a Sanctus bell here. 
ROSSINGTON (St. Stephen). Three bells. 

1. TE DEVM LAVDAMVS 1703 

(lower) gl^^ (,) twice. 

2. SOLI DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1 754 

3. VENITE EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1 66 1 

(lower) <»3) lOH LAMBE rector C'') 

WW TK CHVRCHWARDENS 

At the Survey of 1552 there were three bells here. 
SPROTBROUGH (St. Mary). Six bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4 and 5. PACK & CHAPMAN OF LONDON FECIT 1 77 1 
6. JOSEPH COPLEY ESQVIRE <*> LORD OF SPROTBROUGH THOS 

[lONGLEY('> RECTOR VV" BIRCH W^ CHARLES CHURCHWARDENS 
PACK & CHAPMAN LONDON FECIT 1 77 1 

STAINFORTH (St. Matthew). 

A bell about twelve inches in diameter, without 

mark or inscription. 

STAINTON (St. Peter). Three bells. 

1. GEORGIUS PASHLEV(«)dE STAINTON SUMPTIBUS SUIS POSUIT 1713 

(lower) jS^^ (i) twice. 

2. ►j^ jCS ►r xS 

(lower) (^8) 
3. ^ ^Ji ^ gancta ® gabreel ^ orapranobis »J< 

TICKHILL (St. Mary). Four bells. ■ 

I. BE JOYFVLL and LIFT VP YOVR VOICE TO lACOBS GOD 

[alway 1726 
2. be light and glad in god 

(lower) WHICH IS ovr strength and stay 1726 

'•From 1652 to 1667 (Hunter), ^This should be "Loxley." He was 

s Subsequently the first baronet of the l^'T.l^V^''/^ ^t^"' '""T' """'^ "^'^^ 

second creation; created 15 th August, *" JL^ A , ?'fC' t ,' ^1^"^j* t^. 

1778, died 1781. ^ ^ " "^ 'Y. ^7th July, 1727. There is a 

" * ' monument to his memory in the church. 

VOL. XVI, F 



66 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

3. WITH HARP AND LVTE MOST SWEET ON VERY PLEASANT 

[strings STRIKE VP 

4. JAMES HARRISON OF BARTON FOUNDER 1815 

5. JAMES HARRISON FOUNDER BARTON 1 796 

6. TO SERVE THE LORD AND BOTH GRAIT AND SMALL OVR 

[SOVNDING IS EACH MAN TO CALL 
43 in. dia. 
(See Sternhold & Hopkin*s version of Psalm Ixxxl) 

On a small prayer bell is — 
On the sound bow — 

[5EJJ6i:El^£tflBi:p>^€):El 1727 

In 1886 a small bell was rung daily at 6 a.m. and 6 p.m., and a 
larger bell at 5 a.m. As to the " Maten bell " rung here, see Surtees 
Society Test. Ebor.^ iv., 132. 

The death bell is rung here on tenor — 

Three times three strokes for a man. 
Twice times three strokes for a woman. 
Once three strokes for a child. 

WADWORTH (St. John). Four bells. 

1. VENITE EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1 67 5 
(lower) ^^•'^ (i) RV TI CHVRCHJ5 

V ' Ebor ^ ' WAKDEN 

2. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1 67 5 
(^^^^'^0 Ebor <^> 

3. <'^) omnium pc sonbs fjic fjonor ^'^^ (Inscription 

[much broken in casting.) 

4. (first line) <»6) 

(second line) Cclorum xtc placcat tifai rei gonug i«tt 
(third line) (^s) 

Up to about 1830 a bell was rung daily at noon. 
Death bell. — At the beginning and ending of the ringing, three 
times three strokes for a man, three times two for a woman. 

WARMSWORTH (St. Peter). One bell. 

VOCO VENI PRECARE 1719 ^^^ (i) 

18 in. dia. 
LC.G. 6 Ed. VI. J^2i. 

Death bell. — Three times three strokes for a man, three times two 
for a woman. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 67 

(d) Deanery of Pontefract. 
ABERFORD (St. Ricarius). Four bells. 

I. MEARS S^'STAINBANK FOUNDERS LONDON 

(lower) LAUS dko pax hominibus recast 1879 

2. venite exvltemvs domino 1709 

3. * iesvs be ovr speed 16 18 

4. mears & stainbank founders london 1879 ' 

(lower) PRESENTED BY FANNY MARIA IN MEMORY OF HER 

[parents THOMAS ANTHONY AND FANNY MARIA 
[SIMPSON 1864 

Weight, 5 cwt. 3 qr. 

For the death bell here a few strokes are first rung on the tenor, 
then, for a man nine strokes, for a woman six strokes, and for a child 
three strokes on each of the three smaller bells. 

ACKWORTH (St. Cuthbert). Six bells. 

1. TIMOTHY : LEE : D.D. RECTOR 1760 

2. W. WAGER : I : GARLICK : CHVRCH : WARDENS : I760 

[l LUDLAM FOUNDER 

3. IESVS ('♦^ BE (^> OVR (-♦) SPEED (-♦> AS <-♦) WC FECIT (4) 1662 (4) 

4. ^ ILautJibus ♦ ailatfe Campana JFit J^ec JCrinitatis (30) 

[((3O without the * above the shield.) 

5. >^ (-4) (33) if)C (^3) 

6. This bell formerly had : — 

ALL MEN WHO HEARS MY MOVRNFVL SOUND 

REPENT BEFORE YOU LYE IN GROUND 

W WAGER I GARLICK CHURCHWARDENS 
I LUDLAM ROTHERHAM FOUNDER 1760 

It having been originally very badly cast, and having had a piece 
knocked out of it, was recast with a repetition of the old inscription, 
and in addition : — 

CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS 1880 

THIS BELL RECAST 

AND ALL THE BELLS REFITTED AT THE 

COST OF CATHERINE ALICE PEEL 

OF ACKWORTH PARK 1880 

REV^ canon FALOON, M.A., RECTOR 

JOSEPH NELSTROP 



} 

At the Survey of 1552 there were three bells in this steeple. 



CHURCHWARDENS 
J. H EATON CAD MAN 



68 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

BADSWORTH (St. Mary). Four bells. 

1. <'^>per0onet Ijec cell's tjulcisaima box gabrielig <^s> 

33 in. dia. 
2. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1675 ^^^ (i) I H H H W B ^"^^en^ 

36 in. dia. 

3. I . stoeetlg . tolling . mm . "bo . call . to . taste . on . meats . 

[tfjat . feetJS . tfjt . soule . 
(lower) 1669 H o (^5) 

[E>€r® 

(lower) G H (27) ANNO tjxi 1582 

At the Survey of 1552 there were four bells here. 

BIRKIN (St. Mary). Three bells. 

1. FILI DEI MISERERE MEI 1630 

2. * ED THIMBLEBY GEN FAVTORE OPERIS RIC BENTLEY 

[lOH MEDLEY HIEROPHY 1613 

The words on this bell are logotypes, but the figures of 
the date are from separate blocks. 

3. ^ BIRKIN QVO TEMPORE EVERINGHAMVS CRESSY ARMIGER 

[dOMINVS FVNDIET PATRONVS 
(lower) ^ RECTORIA MARIA QVONDAM FAIRFAX VXOR 

[eivs LIBERI EORVM IERVASVIS EVERINGTI 

(lower) ivliet mabella maria anna eliez 1613 

Edward Thinibleby and Everingham Cressy were brothers-in-law^. 
Everingham Cressy had married Mary, daughter of Sir William Fairfax, 
of Steeton, and at the 161 2 Visitation had issue Gervase, Everingham, 
Mabel, Mary, and Ann. These, together with a Juliet and an 
Eliz(abeth), are evidently commemorated on this bell. Everingham 
Cressy 's sister Ellen had married Edward Thimbleby, of Birkin. 

At this church, in 1895, they were in the habit of ringing a bell 
at 8 a.m. in summer. For death bell they knoll for twenty minutes, 
and then strike on each bell — for a man ten strokes, for a woman 
nine strokes, for a boy six strokes, and for a girl five strokes. 

BROTHERTON (St. Edward the Confessor). Three bells. 

I. voce VENI PRECARE 1703 £L.or (i) 

2. iji <36) 0ca maria birgo 

3. lESvs be ovr speed 1632 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 69 

CASTLEFORD (All Saints). 

There were formerly three bells, as follows : — 

1. JAMES HARRISON FOUNDER BARROW 1830 

2. JAMES HARRISON FOUNDER BARROW 183O : I.W.4. 

31 in. dia. 

3. REV. THEOP. BARNES RECTOR; THO. POWELL 

[tHO. SMITH CHURCH-WARDENS 1830 

33 in. dia. 

These have now been sold, and are, I believe, in the tower of 
Whitwood Mere Church, and Castleford has a set of eight " Tubular 
bells." 

DARRINGTON (All Saints). Six bells. 

I. GLORIA IN ALTISSIMIS DEO 1 67 8 Ebi>r ^'^ 

30^ in. dia. 
Key C. Weight, 5 cwt. o qr. 6 lb. 

2. i^ (36) j^uiujj Sf^t iKiri)aeli0 (s) 

34 in. dia. 
Key B. Weight, 7 cwt. o qr. 26 lb. 

3. SAMVEL WALKER ESQ BENIAMIN SALES CHVRCHWARDENS 1 722 

35^ in. dia. 

Key A. Weight, 9 cwt. i qr. 10 lb 

4- .S^anctud ILucad 

(lower) iji 

opua fac Ebangelfgtsc Jl]. &. atkinsan, a.ifl. Ficarius 

MDCCCXCV 

3aljn SEaglar Sc Ho. JLou^hoxougfy 

Key G. Weight, 12 cwt. 2 qr. 15 lb. 

This bell was dedicated by the Bishop of Beverley, on 5th Nov., 1895. 

5. 3afjanncs SEaglar fecit 

(lower) &, Elfjafaetf) 

Sterna fac cum iJanctij$ Em» in ffiloria numerari 

Dono tietiit lE\m Uttkit 

MDCCCXCVI 

Tenor Safjanneg SEaglar fecit 

(lower) Sancta iWaria 

£anctu0 £anctu0 £anctu0 IBo minus £abaotl) 
I9ono betiit £li^a Heckte 

MDCCCXCVI 

The last two bells were given by Miss Eliza Leckie, of Darrington, 
and dedicated by the Archbishop of York, on i6th March, i8y6. 

The death bell here is rung with nine strokes for a man, six for 
a woman, and three for a child. 

At the Survey of 1552 there was a Sanctus bell here. 



70 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

EAST HARDWICK (St. Stephen). Three bells. 

One small bell, about fourteen inches diameter, hung in the old 
chapel, and when the new church was built in 1874, it was taken for 
use in the school, where it now is. It has only JEborfj with a running 
ornament, not the usual frieze of bells. (^) The church now has three 
of Naylor, Vickers & Co.'s patent Steel Bells. 

FEATHERSTONE (All Saints). Three bells. 

1. *(36)5j^ jacabi f^uiug 

2. £anctt $etrt ^olt f^utus 

3. 1^ ]ht iWuItts Snntd ISlessonet Campana Jfotjannts 1^ 

FELKIRK (St. Peter). Six bells. 

2. VCAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1876 

3) 

4. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 889 

(lower) RECAST 1889. AND REHUNG BY T. MALLABY & SONS 

[masham 

5. 1 : ADDEY : I : GILL : chvrch : wardens : 

(l9wer) I : lvdlam : fovnder : rotherham : 1759 

6. * ihesvs be ovr speed 1 61 3 

37 in. dia. 

Nos. I, 2 and 3 were given by Mr. Thomas Dymond, of Burnt wood 
Hall, in this parish. No. 4 had formerly — 

* <36) Sancti PauU Spali f^uius 

A bell is rung every Sunday at 7 a.m. The death bell is rung 
with seven strokes for a man, five strokes for a woman, and three 
strokes for a child. 

FERRY FRYSTON (St. Andrew). Two bells. 

I. (cracked) ^ bonvm est celebrare iehova 1663 

22 in. dia. 
2. "^ VENITE EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1 663 L T P H 

24 in. dia. 
At the Survey of 1552 there were two bells here. 

HADDLESEY (St. John Baptist). One bell. 

THOMAS MEARS FOUNDER LONDON I 839 

21 in. dia. 
There was an ancient bell in the old church, but it was sold in 

1839 when the church was rebuilt. 

The new bell cost ^17, and weighs 2 cwt. It reached Haddlesey 
on 29th September, 1839, and so Rev. Stephen Cattley Baker (after- 
wards vicar of Usk), who was then curate-in-charge, dedicated it on 
1 2th Oct., 1839, ^"d g^ve it the name of Michael {Worsfoidy p. 236). 
Not many bells of that period were named at all ! 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 



71 



HEMSWORTH (St. Helen). Three bells. 

I. lESVS BE MY SPEED 1726 

30 in. dia. 

e f S I (rose) fj i fe I (fleur-de-lis) big 



(portcullis) 4)h I t to 4^ (lion) 



32 in. dia. 

This last is an instance of what is known as an "Alphabet Bell," 
but the inscription and marks are much broken in casting. As to 
these bells see G^nf. -^tig.y May, 1864. 

Up to about i860 a bell was rung here on weekdays at 6 a.m., 
noon, and 8 p.m., and at 8 a.m. on Sundays; and the day of the 
month was struck on a bell on Sunday mornings. Now there is only 
the noon bell on weekdays, and the 8 a.m. bell on Sundays. 

KELLINGTON (St. Edward). Three bells. 



I. 



* GOD 




SAVE 




THE 




CHVRCH 




OVR 




QVEENE 
































AND 




REALME 




AMEN 




I 


600 





(lower) * <"> I A w MW is hd ho <38) 

11l®M-^MJS ^30 (see plate viii.) 

3. SOLI DEO GLORIA PAX HOMINIBVS 1 638 

On the frame towards the south are carved the names of Nicholas 

, Emley Dunn, William Rawden, Francis Mawverley, 

Guardianus Ecclesiae. 

KIRK SMEATON (St. Peter). Three bells. 

I. (No inscription or mark. This seems an i8th century bell.) 

(lower) 1 613 27 i in. dia. 

For the death bell they ring a short time, and then for a man four 
threes, for a woman three threes, for a boy three twos, and for a girl 
three single strokes. It is a rule not to ring the death bell before 
8 a.m. It was up to twenty years ago customary to ring on 5th 
November, and the Pancake Bell. 



72 TPIE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

KNOTTINGLEY (St. Botolph). One bell. 

One bell about oighteen inches diameter. 

>J< SJanctc prete ora pro nobig 

In 1890, Mrs. Roberts, of Holme Lea, Knottingley, gave a ring of 
** Tubular Bells" to this church ( Yorkshire Post^ 2nd June, 1890). The 
old bell, however, still remains. 

LEDSHAM (All Saints with St. James). Three bells. 

31 in. dia. 

33 in. dia. 
3. BEATVS EST POPVLVS QVI EXAVDIVNT CLANGOREM 1718 

(lower) {ew}^"^ twice. 

36 in. dia. 
It is a curious fact that George Ledsham, of the Inner Temple, 

by his will (1606) left ;^3oo to found a grammar school at Hawarden. 

This George Ledsham was possibly of the family of Ledsam, of Chad 

Hill, county Warwick, and Moston, in Cheshire (13th century). 

A bell was, in 1886, rung every Sunday morning at eight. 

NORMANTON (All Saints). Three bells. 

ss 

1. EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1680 Ebor ^'^ 

35 in. dia. 

2. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO 1 675 Ei^r ^'^ 

38 in. dia. 

3. FILI DEI MISERERE MEI 1 629 

43 in. dia. 

Cut on the frame is — 

JAMES HARRISON OF BARROW LINCOLNSHIRE 1 74 1 

PONTEFRACT (All Saints). Six bells. 

I, 2 and 4. J TAYLOR & C° founders LOUGHBOROUGH 1 863 

3. JOHN TAYLOR & C** FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH 1 863 

5. JOHN TAYLOR & C° FOUNDERS W : WOOD ESQ"^ TRUSTEE 

(lower) REVND SIR T. E. W. BLOMEFIELD INCUMBENT 

(lower) WPOSKITTI gg 

P WROE ) ^ 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 73 

6. J TAYLOR & C° FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH 1 863 

(lower) COLLECTORS OF SUBSCRIPTIONS 

J. TAYLOR C : WILSON 

^v : SWALLOW w : garlick 

G : STONES J : WILCOCK JUNR 

RINGERS 
W : WILCOCK F : higgins 

G : GARLICK JAS : TAYLOR 

T : STONES G : WILCOCK 

W: STONES J. WILCOCK JUNR 

T. VAUX 

The weights of these bells are as follows : — 

cwt. qr. lb. cwt. qr 

(0 5 2 12 (5) 7 

(2) 605 (6) 9 

(3) 6 I 22 (7) 12 

(4) 7 o 21 (8) 16 



qr. 


lb. 


3 


24 





20 


I 


24 









Total cwt. ... 70 3 12 



Boothroyd, in his History of Pontefract^ states (page 347-8) that 
there were formerly twelve bells in this tower, and that there was a 
tradition that after the last siege of Pontefract Castle, in which the 
church tower had suflered great injury, Col. John Bright, of Badsworth, 
obtained a grant of some of the bells for his own church. It will, 
however, be noticed, on referring to the notes on the bells of 
Badsworth Church, that there are now only two of a date prior to 
that of the last siege (1648-9). 

One bell of a date prior to the Civil War remained in All Saints' 
tower till 1863, when it was broken up and the metal used by 
Messrs. Taylor for the new bells. This bell is fully described by 
Dr. J. T. Fowler in the Yorkshire Archceological Journal^ \o\, ii., p. 59. 
This description I have Dr. Fowler's permission to use. 

The inscription presented so many points of interest that full-sized 
Indian ink drawings were made when the bell was taken down, and 
sold at six shillings each. Rev. W. C. Lukis also procured plaster 
casts of some of the letters and devices. The drawings, or "fac-si miles" 
as they were called, are artistically but not very accurately executed; 
still we may, by comparison with other bells, know pretty well from 
them and the casts together what the inscription really was. 

VOL. XVI. 



74 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The words were in three lines, thus : — 

[1:^©* yh(S>PEi^:m. ^J. (a square rose) 
2- ^ S?ec ©"ampana J3eata ^acra ^Ptinitate iKiat 

[lxxxx (/) VIII (c) ;BJ M 
The letters in brackets, representing the situations of the badges, 
&c., described below. 

The upper line is meant to be read thus ; — 

The second line is a corrupt form of a very common inscription, 
which in its correct form is— 

JErimtate ^acra JB{M J^ec ©"ampana JBeata 

The lettering of this line is of a very fine and bold character. 
The initial cross (''♦^ is to be found on a bell at Harewood with a 
similar inscription. The capital letters are all from separate stamps, 
but the small letters of each word are from a single block or 
logotype. Mr. Fowler states that this lettering was in use from 1450 
to 1744, and thinks the stamps were originally made for some York 
foundry, as they have only been found, with their earliest trade-marks, 
in Yorkshire, Durham and Northumberland. The capitals are of the 
same character as the '^^ and ©" of the third line. 

The third line contains the date, together with certain marks, and 
the letters JBfi J§>. This bell is shown by Mr. Fowler to have been 
probably cast by Henry Oldfield, of Nottingham, and it may be taken 
that the reversed ©" was intended to do duty for an ©. (See 
illustration of this ^ (^ (^> <7)) 

The first and third lines, with the exception of the final "J^ ^, 
are in moderate sized " Lombardics." The initial cross seems to be 
one (") much used by Oldfield, as also the final rose. ^^^^ This 
rose is not on the drawing I have seen, but Mr. Lukis may have had 
a cast or other evidence of its presence. The marks or badges on 
the third line are most interesting, and I venture to give Mr. Fowler's 
descriptions verbatim, as he had the advantage of the use of 
Mr. Lukis' casts. 

{a) "A conventional castle, having three embattled towers and an 
arched gateway, with the portcullis down. The flags on the side 
towers are flying in opposite directions, and each of the latter has a 
cruciform arrow-slit The whole is ensigned by a Tudor crown. The 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 75 

* Castle of Castile ' is not quoted as a Tudor badge by Mr. Boutell, 
but it may well have come in through Catharine of Aragon. A castle 
occupies the place of honour between the rose and pomegranate on 
the Queen's Closet, erected daring her reign, in St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor." (This badge I have never found elsewhere. — j,e.p.) 

{b) "A pomegranate slipped, displaying seeds and leaves in the 
usual way, and ensigned by the Tudor crown, the badge of Grenada, 
and so through Catharine of Aragon and Philip of Spain, a Tudor 
badge." (This badge (9) is on the Harewood bell before mentioned. 

— J.E.P.) 

(r) "A shield bearing a cross raguly between three crowns^ the fust 
of the cross being encircled by the crown in base. This is given as the 
arms of Colchester, in Guiliim, 1724; but another very much like it 
is there assigned to Nottingham : argent, two ragged staves in cross, 
vert, bettveen three coronets, tivo in chief and one in base, or, the ragged 
staff in pale, passing through the coronet in base. There can be little 
doubt that the arms on the bell were meant for those of Nottingham." 
(I find this badge (^s) on the Harewood bell, and also on bells at 
Penistone, Adwick-le-Slreet, &c., with the 1^ OT, ^"^ &c. — j.e.?.) 

{d) "A Tudor rose, ensigned as above, as used by the house of 
Tudor, and indeed, ever since, a royal badge." (I have found this 
without the crown at Hooton Pagnel, Hemsworth and VVoolley, in 
each case with part of the alphabet and the badge (/). — j.e.p.) 

{e) "A Talbot or hound, the well-known Shrewsbury badge. A 
grant was made (7 Ed. VI.) to George Lord Talbot of all the priory 
lands, and this nobleman is thought to have built * New Hall ' as a 
family residence immediately afterwards." (A fragment of this bell 
with the Talbot ^''^ on it is still preserved in the Castle Museum at 
Pontefract. The same badge is on the Harewood bell, and on bells 
at Adwick-le-Street and High Melton, but I cannot find that the 
Shrewsbury family had ever anything to do with either of the last 
named places. It is noteworthy that the same badge appears on the 
Pontefract Corporation Mace, dated 1774. — j.ep.) 

(/) "A portcullis with its chains, crowned as above. A well 
known Tudor badge still in use, and derived from the Beauforts." 

The shield between the ^tj^ a"^ ^ Js of very common 
occurrence, especially in conjunction with the rose.^*^^ The mark is 
ascribed to Richard Mellour, who was a bellfounder, and mayor of 
Nottingham in 1499 and 1506. The business was carried on by his 
son Robert (died about 1526) and his grandson Robert Quarnbie. 
The latter took Henry Oldfield into partnership shortly before 1593. 
I have found this mark as late as 1630 at Wales, near Rotherham. 



..111,1 



"i; 



i! i 



76 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Boothroyd states that after the ruin of the church some of the 
parishioners wished to remove this bell to the tower of St Giles' 
Church, which at that period had no bells. A parish meering, 
however, was called, and the inhabitants of Knottingley (a chapelry 
in this parish) attended in large numbers, and carried a vote adverse 
to the removal. 

PONTEFRACT (St. Giles). Eight bells. 

Boothroyd, in his History of Pontefract^ states that up to 1707 this 
church had no bells. I can obtain no information as to the bells 
there before the ring hung in 1835, except that one of them was 
cracked on ringing at an election in 1826. In 1835 eight bells were 
hung, with inscriptions as follows : — 



1. GLORY TO GOD ON HIGH 

(Weight, 5 cwt. 2 qr. 12 lb.) 

2. PEACE ON EARTH GOOD WILL TOWARDS MEN 

lii (lower) Taylor's oxford founders 1835 

(Weight, 6 cwt. o qr. 5 lb ) 

3. DEO ET ECCLESI/E TAYLORS FOUNDERS OXFORD 
(lower) IN ALLILUAS LOUD WE'LL SING 

IN POMF*liET'S TOWER : TO GOD OUR KING 

IMMORTALISE IN MERRY PEAL 

OUR PATRON RHODES : HIS NAME : HIS ZEAL 

(Weight, 6 cwt. i qr. 22 lb.) 

4. JAMES RHODES RAIs'd THIS PEAL RY SUBSCRIPTION IN 
[exchange FOR THE OLD WITH THE ADDITIONAL W^ 
[8 CWT OF METAL 

W AND J TAYLOR FOUNDERS OXFORD 1 835 

(Weight, 7 cwt. o qr. 21 lb.) 

5. THE REV" EDM^ RUSSEL 



MINISTERS 
THE REV" RICH STAN FORTH 



J MICH' MITTON ESQ** MAYOR 

\ J WALKER 

CHURCHWARDENS 
T ROUTLIDGE 



(Weight, 7 cwt. 3 qr. 24 lb.) 

LONG MAY OUR BENEFACTORS LIVE TO KNOW 
WHAT PRANKS WE PLAY OUR GRATITUDE TO SHEW 
(lower) TAYLOR 

FOUNDER 
OXFORD 

(Weight, 9 cwt. o qr. 20 lb.) 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 77 

7. W AND J TAYLOR OXFORD FECERUNT 1 835 

(Weight, 12 cwt. I qr. 241b.) 

8. WILL" AND JOHN TAYLOR OXFORD FOUNDERS A D 1 835 

[zEc" c. 14 V. 20 "holiness unto the lord" 

(lower) ALLELUIA 

(Weight, 16 cwt.) 

Total weight of bells, 70 cwt. 3 qr. 12 lb. 

In 1850, the treble bell being cracked was recast, with the 
inscription : — 

^ Sanctuss >^ .S^anctud >^ Sanctuss 

(lower) E STaglar antJ San JFountJers ILorx^ioxon^ 1850 

A bell is rung daily at noon, i p.m. and 6 p.m. Up to about 
1872 a bell was rung on weekdays at 5 a.m., and on Sundays at 
7 a.m. The Pancake bell is still rung here. 

ROYSTON (St. John Baptist). Six bells. 

1. W H 1766 

2. VENI EXVLTEMVS DOMINO 1 699 Eb^r ^'^ 

3. lEn JlucuntJitate Sani Sonaba EM 0nc et DulcetJine Focis 

[Cantabo 5Cuo Noe w o (32) 
(lower) 1603 (Royal arms of the period.) 

4. ^ ^^^^ sec iof)anc3 baptesta 

5. GLORIA in ALTISSIMIS DEO 1 682 Ebor ^'^ 

[: m 



/, . /: f JOHN TAYLOR i*?: SON 

(lower) 1 000 < o 

^ ^ ^^ I FOUNDERS LOUGHHOROUGH A.D. 1 847 

This bell weighs 1 1 cwt. 

A bell was in 1884 rung every day at noon, and the death bell 
was rung as follows : — 

On the tenor, nine strokes for a man. 
On the tenor, seven strokes for a woman. 
On the 5th bell, five strokes for a child. 

On the boll frames is cut — 

Geo. Wood Vic"^ 
Josh. Nicholson 
Willm Green 
John Bayley 

Churchwardens 



78 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

SKELBROOKE (All Saints). Three bells. 

The lettering of these inscriptions is very fine. (See Plate viii.) 
I have found it nowhere else. 

3. J WARNER & SONS LONDON 1 8/2 



(lower) <^®^ PATENT 




This bell succeeds one which had — 

DANIEL HEDDERLEY CAST ME IN 1730. 

At the Survey of 1552 there were two bells here. 
SOUTH KIRKBY (AU Saints). Six bells. 

1. lOHN GIBSON VIC lOHN DAY 1722 

7 ft. 4 in. circum. 

2. THO SLACK («') lOHN EMMERSON C CONSTABLE 

34 in. dia. 

3. LEON PINYORD THO TAYLER WILLIAM ACROID C: W 1 7 22 

36 in. dia. 

4. ROBERT ELLET ('"> RECTOR lOHN DAY CW 1 7 25 

38 in. dia. 

5. (No inscription or mark.) 

39 in. dia. 

6. i allott (-^) vicar w robinson s rowley i spink 

[churchwardens 1802 
(lower) POPVLVM voco ad devm 

(lower) T HILTON OF WATH FOVNDER 

Mr. Richard Holmes, of Pontefract, supplies me with a copy of 
the agreement with Hedderly, of Bawtry, for the casting of six bells 
in 172 1, as follows:— 

"Articles of Agreement made the Fifteenth day of June in the 
year of our Lord 1721, by and between Daniel Hedderly of Havvtry 
in the county of York bcllfounder of the one part, and Leonard 

V The Slacks resided at Elmsall in w Robert Allott, lay rector and patron, 

this parish. Jane Slack married Geo. afterwards vicar also. Born 1683; died 

AlioU, the elder brother of Robert ly^^- 

Allott. Both were sons of Edward j^John Allott, third son of above- 

Allolt, of Crigglestone, who had married named Robert. Baptised 1734; died 

Rebecca Swallow, the heiress of the 1813. (See Hunter, II., 449-50.) 
owners of the Rectory of South Kirkby. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 79 

Pinder, Thomas Taylor, and William Ackroyd yeomen churchwardens 
of South Kirkby, for and on the behalf of the said parish of Kirkby 
in the said county of York on the other part, as follows : — 

" Im^pris : — The said Daniel Hedderly doth hereby for himselfe 
covenant promise and agree to and with the said churchwardens of 
South Kirkby aforesaid, that for and in consideration of eight hundred 
weight of old bell mettall or the vallue of forty pounds in mony to 
be given or paid him by the said churchwardens as hereafter 
menconed, shall and will within the space of six months next 
ensueing melt down and new cast the four old bells in the parish 
church of South Kirkby (allowing wast in casting) aforesaid, which 
the said churchwardens are to carry at their own charge to the said 
Daniel Hedderly's house in Bawtry, into a new sett or peal of six 
tuneable bells, which said six bells are not to exceed in weight 
fifty-two hundred nor less than fifty hundred ; and the said Daniel 
Hedderly doth hereby further promise and agree to and with the 
said churchwardens that after the new bells are cast that he will 
bring them back at his own charge and deliver them to the said 
churchwardens at the parish church of South Kirkby aforesaid ; and 
also in consideration of the sum of thirty-six pounds of current 
money of Great Brittain to be paid to him as hereafter menconed, 
vizt., thirty-one pounds by the said churchwardens and five pounds 
by Mr. Robert Allott minister there, shall well and truly hang the 
said six bells in a good substantial frame to be made by the said 
Daniel Hedderly for that purpose, and find all the wheeles, brasses, 
and ironwork for the same." 

There is a memorandum endorsed on the agreement that the four 
bells were weighed at Bawtry, on March 12th, 1722, and found to 
weigh 53 cwt. I qr. 22 lb. 

WOMERSLEY (St. Martin). Three bells. 

1. CVM VOCO VENITE 1 702 

(lower) {Ebor} ('^ twice. 

2. SOLI DEO GLORIA 1634 



J" 



J TAYLOR & C^ FOUNDERS LOUGHBOROUGH 1870 



WRAGBV (St. Oswald). Five bells. 

I, 2, 3 and 4. W*^' MEARS late LESTER pack & CHAPMAN OF 

[london fecit 1 786 
5. vi^^ mears late lester pack i<i chapman of london 

[fecit 1786 

(lower) LOUISA SABINE WINN DONATRIX CAMPANIS HUJAS 



80 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The unusually complete set of parish accounts preserved at this 
church supplies some curious information as to the payments made 
on account of the bells. In the first volume of the parish registers, 
quoted by Rev. E. H. Sankey in Yorkshire Archiwlogical Journal^ 
xii., 312, is the memorandum of an agreement as follows: — 

"(It) was agreed upon the xvi^^ of (no)vemb., anno 1578, betwixt 
the churchwardens and the rest of the p'ishe of Wragbie and thomas 
milner of Wragbie aforesaid, that he the said thomas milner shall 
from the said xvi^^ day of novemb at his own costs and charges 
maintaine uphould and keepe all the belles within the churche of 
Wragbie with hempe, lether and greas, wth all ther furniture belonginge 
to the belles as often as need shall require ; brasse and iron and wood 
for yockes and wheles excepted whitche is to be found of the charges 
of the p'ishe. And the same belle(s) to be so repaired by the said 
Thomas milner as is abovesaid during the term and space xx*' yeare 
yff he the said thomas milner do so long lyve and contenew within 
the p'ishe of Wragbie, the churchwardins for the tyme beyinge painge 
unto the said thomas milner vj^ viij^' evcrye yeare, that is to say 
iij"" iiij^ at mychehnes and iij^ iiij'' at the nunchation of the blessed 
virgin marye by even portions." 

The regular series of churchwardens' accounts begins with 1604, 
at which date there were probably three bells in the tower. In 1608 
a bell was cast at a cost of j[,2 lu., the smallness of the amount 
charged leading one to suppose that it was but the recasting of a 
bell which had existed previously, and had been cracked or otherwise 
disabled. In 1639 three bell ropes are charged for. In the same 
year the Great Bell was recast at a cost of j[^\2 6s. 6^., towards 
which Sir John Wostenholme and a Mr. Wallden gave j£2 ^s., and 
a Mr. Atkinson (possibly the John Atkinson, who was vicar in 1630) 
gave one shilling. Another of the bells was recast in 1647 at a cost 
of £^ 14s. 

The items for small repairs to the bells, wheels and frames, 
incurred previously to the hanging of the existing bells in 1786, art- 
very numerous. There are accounts for thirty-nine years out of the 
fifty, 1 604- 1 65 3. These show a total expenditure on the bells of 
j£iS 6s. iid.^ an average of qj. 3^. per annum. In addition, the 
churchwardens purchased on an average during the same period a 
bellrope about every two years. 



BELLS IN THE WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE. 81 

For the next fifty years we have forty-eight accounts remaining, 
and these shew an avenige expenditure of 8^. lo^., with about four 
bellropes purchased every five years. In the last thirty-three years 
of the old bells the cost of small repairs sunk to an average of 2S. 
per annum, but three bellropes were regularly purchased every year. 
In addition to the charges above mentioned there is, in almost every 
year up to 1701, an item of payment to the clerk for (infer alia) 
"tenting "the bells; and the ringers were paid for ringing on 5th 
November and other special days. The clerk's duties may be taken 
to have included that of chiming a bell for service. After 1701 there 
is no entry of this payment to the clerk. It is possible that he 
received remuneration from some other source, and perhaps he had 
the bellropes at the end of each year as a perquisite. 

In considering the amount expended on repairs, it must be 
considered that the items are usually of very small amount, and 
therefore proportionately large in numbers, and that wages were low. 
In 1706 William Hepworth and George Hanson were paid for three 
days' work and "for drink then" 2s. lod.: say 5^^. each per day for 
the work. In 1744, however, John Rusby for "a day mending the 
bells " got as much as is, ^d. 

For special ringing days each of the ringers seems to have 
received from one to two shillings, frequently five shillings for the 
three of them. The year 1708-9 is a fair sample of what these ringing 

days were : — 

£ s. d. 

"May the 29 day for ringing ... ... ... o 3 o 

July the 9 day for a victory (Oudenarde) ringing 050 
August ye 19 Ringing for a thanksgiving ... o 5 o 
February yc 17 Ringing for a thanksgiving ..050 
March ye 8 Ring ye Queen (Anne) Crounation o 3 o" 

In addition to the piyments for bcllro[)es, there are frequent 
entries of small payments for " piecing" bellropes and for "plucks," 
by which latter I suppose are meant the woollen ends to the ropes 
now known as "sallies." The ropes themselves cost from 2s. 6d. to 
3.f. each in the seventeenth century, and ^s. 6d. each in the eighteenth. 
In the latter part of the eighteenth century the regular price seems 
to have been 13^. 6d. for a set of three. An item in 17 10 gives the 
price of bellrope at that time as 2\d. per yard 



82 



THE YORKSfflRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



In 1785 it was decided to have a new ring of bells, and i6s, 6d. 
was spent by the churchwardens, "when agreed for bells," with 
Mr. Mears or his representative. The cost of these (the present) 
bells was as follows : — 

To the new bells 



>) 



» 



>> 



n 



») 



>» 



n 



>> 



»> 



n 



J) 



Six new clappers ... 
Six bellropes 
Hanging the bells ... 
Expenses allowed for fritage 
Turnpikes, ale and porterage 
A lock for the bellfry door 
The ringers ... 

Ditto 
Grease for the bells 
Timber 
Fright for bells 



£ 


s. 


^. 


221 


10 





5 


8 


9 


I 


9 





47 


10 








10 








II 


4 





9 








2 





3 


7 








2 


II 


6 


15 


II 


5 





6 



(^292 


16 


5) 


"dr. ^ 


s. 


d. 


Hy the old bells ... ... ... 113 


3 


4 


„ Old metal ... ... ... ... i 


3 


1 


„ Old iron to Michael Drake the 






blacksmith ... ... ... 


18 


8 


,, Subscription... ... ... ... 1 16 


10 


6 


,, Balance by Assess'... ... ... (61 





10) 


(-£292 


16 


5)" 



From the time the new bells were hung, items for repairs almost 
disappear from the accounts, but j£i is. is usually allowed every 
second year for ropes. In 1837 the parishioners had trouble with 
the ringers, as appears from the following entry • — 

'*At a parish meeting held this 8th June, 1837, Resolved — 

"That this time the Ringers shall not ring the bells, 
nor shall the usual salary be paid by the Churchwardens, 
unless they shall attend divine service, and abstain from 
frequenting the Public House on the Sabbath Day." 



Plate 







Hurt, -^^"^p 




YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 85 

to the said toft, as it lies in length and breadth between the croft of 
Ranulf de Acton and the croft of John son of Roger ; also of three acres 
of arable land^ and three roods of land, lying separately (particular iter) 
in the common fields {campis) of Acton in the parish of Aston-in- 
Morthyng, of which one selion lies at the White Cross between the 
land of Ranulf the clerk and the land of John son of Hugh, one end of 
which abuts on the high road leading to Roderham, and the other on 
the Ullay brook, as it lies in length and breadth, and another selion, 
as it lies in Ryecroftslade in length and breadth between the land of 
the said Ranulf the clerk and the land of John son of Roger, one end 
of which abuts on the road leading to Roderham and the other end on 
the Ullay brook ; and another selion as it lies in length and breadth 
between the land of the said Ranulf and the land of Ralf de Pecko, 
one end of which abuts on the high road going to Aston-in-Morthyng 
and the other end on the Ullay brook ; and another selion as it lies 
in length and breadth above le Mapeldoles, between the land of the 
oft-mentioned Ranulf the clerk and the land of Richard Brown, one end 
of which abuts on le Crocwyke and the other on the headland (foreramj 
of Ralph son of Roger ; and a fordola as it lies in length and breadth 
above Berecroft, between the land of the oft-mentioned Ranulf the clerk 
and the land of John son of Roger, one end of which abuts on the road 
going to Aston, and the other end on the Ullay brook. Paying yearly 
to the heirs of Ralf the clerk of Ecclessale-in-Seffeld 2M. of silver at 
three terms of the year, that is, at Michaelmas \od.y at the Purification 
of the B. V. M. 9^., and at Whitsontide 9//., and by doing forinsec 
service to Sir John Warenne, earl of Surrey. Witnesses, Ranulf de 
Acton clerk, John son of John of the same, John Seyn of the same, 
John Marshall [Marcscallo) of the same, Jordan dc Herthcwykc in the 
same, Ralf de Pecko in the same, Goscclin Ralfs brother, John son of 
Hugh of the same, Ralf son of Roger of the same. 

August 3, 1299. Grant by Alexander, son of Gocelin de Pecco of 
Acton, and Alice his wife, to John son of Nicholas de Aston, of a piece 
of the curtilage {placeam ci/rtilagii) in Acton, of the fee of Thomas de 
Schefeld, surrounded by the toft of the said John on either side, and 
abutting at the west end on the land of John son of Nicholas the 
shepherd {bercarii), together with the reversion of a part of the said 
piece of the said curtilage which Idonia, widow of Hugh Finche, holds 
in dower. Witnesses, Sir Richard de Bernakel, Joylan de Neuton, Peter 
de Rodis, John de Ullay, Robert de Hinckerhil, Robert Binny, and 
many others. Acton. Monday after St. Peter in advincula ,'^ A.D. 1299.3 

^ These three acres and three roods The terms Mapeldole and le Moredolis 

were made up of four selions or strips also occur, 
in the common field and a fordola. "^ Sic. 

Ihxs fordola^ elsewhere (tbid.^ p. loi) ^ Most of the witnesses are mentioned 
and l)elow called Lef or doles ^ was a share in another grant to John son of Nicholas 
or dole in the common field, the first de Aston of half an acre in the West- 
part of the word representing its position. field of Acton (vol. xii., 100). 



86 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH-/EOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



February i8, 1488-9. Release by James Haryngton, knight, to 
Robert Hynckyrsell of Mundesderhalle,* of all right in property in 
Aghton, which he (James) had of the grant and feoffment of William 
Kyllen, formerly vicar of Rotherham, Richard Staynton chaplain, 
Nicholas Jonson and Thomas Staynton. ^ Witnesses, Robert Weste, 
John Tylney, Robert Tylney, and many others. Wathe. Feb. 18, 
4 Hen. vii. 

Grant by Ralph, son of Roger, son of Gervase de Acton, to Jordan 
(de Herthwike) of land in the common field {campd) of Acton lying by his 
(Ralph's) land at le Stanbrige on the west .... son of Avice del Pek and 

measured by the perch fparticam) of 18 feet, that is by the of 

Jordan abutting on the east on Stanbrige and on the west on the 

common field called To hold at an annual rent of \d, for all 

services, etc. Jordan paid i2j. of silver as a fine {gersuma). Witnesses, 
Robert de Ullay, Mathew the constable of Aston, Robert de Cravene, 
William son of Thomas de Acton, Ranulph the seneschal, Robert 
Baldewyn of Ullay, Gocelin Freman and others. {Harleian Charters^ 
83 D 5.) 

Seal'. I within M. 

Grant by John, son of Hugh de Acton, to Matthew son of Roger 
de Acton, of an acre of land in the common field of Acton, as it lies 
together [integre) in le Westedis between the land of Ralph de Pecco 
and the land of John Schin, and as it abuts at one end on the croft of 
John son of Nicholas and at the other on the land of Robert Freman, 
paying a rose on St. John Baptist's day. Witnesses, Ralph de Pecco in 
Acton, John son of Nicholas of the same, Robert Freman of the same, 
Roger le Westrifi of Aston, Baug (?) le Westrin of Aston. [Ibid,, 
83 D 6.) 

Seal', a fleur-de-lys, S'. lOHIS FIL HVG 

Grant by Thomas de Archis to Adam, son of Cecily de Acton, of a 
toft and croft in Acton, lying between the toft of Richard dil pec and 
the toft of Seuwal, and extending towards the vill of Acton, paying a 
penny yearly at Martinmas. Adam paid 20s. as a fine (geresuma). 
Witnesses, Sir Ralph de Horbyri, Sir Jordan de Treton, Philip rector of 
the church of Treton, Sir Robert de Ullay, John de Acton, Gocelin 
Freman. {/bid., 83 D 12.) 

Seal: a Jieur-de-lys, SIGILL' DE ARCHES. 



^ There can be little doubt that 
Mundesderhalle was the residence of a 
family called Mundesder, but whether it 
gave or derived its name from them is 
uncertain. It is to be identified with 
the corrupted form of Munsbro' in the 
modern parish of Greasbrough. In a 
deed without date a William Mundeder 
is named among the tenants of William 
de Warenne, earl of Surrey, in Dal ton 
and Greasbrough ( Yorkshire A rchaoio^cal 



Society, xii. , 239). In the Poll Tax of 2 
Richard II. (1379), Roliert de Mundes- 
dere, Marchant\ paid \2d. in Greasbrough 
[Poll Tax for the West Riding of York- 
shire, p. 56). In 1385 Robert Monnesder* 
had a grant of land at Bassingthorpe in 
Greasbrough ( Yorkshire Archffological 
Society, xii., 106). 

2 This grant, dated April 21, 1454, is 
printed in vol. xii., 105. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 87 

Grant by Sibil, late wife of Nicholas de Bolonye in Walisvvode, in 
her widowhood, to Alice, her daughter, of an annual rent of 5J-., which 
John son of Hugh de Acton was wont to pay her for a bovate of land 
in the territory of Acton, Alice paying an apple for all service. 
Witnesses, Sir John de Horbery, Sir John le Buck of Herttil, John 
Bernard, John son of Agnes de Acton, Ralph de Pecco of the same, 
John Schin, Gilbert son of Nicholas de Bolonye. {Ibid.^ 83 D 31.) 

Seal', a bird displayed. Inscription illegible. 

June 14, 1316. Grant by John, son of John, son of Hugh de Acton, 
to John, son of Adam, son of CoUa de Treton, of an acre of land with 
all its crop and appurtenances in the territory of Acton, lying in le 
Westedis between the land of John Hychetrek' on the one side and the 

land of Richard son of lady on the other, and abutting on the wood 

of Treton on the one end and on the land of John le Coupar on the 
other. Witnesses, Joylan de Neuton, John de Ullay, John son of 
Nicholson de Aston, Ralph Eliot (?), Robert de Hinkerhil, Adam clerk 
of Treton, Robert Pre man of Acton. Acton. Monday after St. Barnabas 
day, 1316. {Ibid., 83 D 8.) 

Seal', an eight-foiled flower, S'. lOH'IS. F : lOH^IS. 

November 8, 13 16. Grant by John, son of Hugh de Acton, to Ralph, 

son of John, son of Nicholas de Aston, of half an acre of land and 

meadow in the east field of Acton, lying at Nethermor between the land 

of Roger Mar on the one side and the land of Anoria Hall 

{de aula) on the other, and abutting on Baldewynridding at one end and 

on the land of Robert Freman at the other. Witnesses, Joylan de 

Neuton, Hugh de Keueton, Robert de Hinckerhil, William Martyn, 

Robert Freman. Acton. Monday before Martinmas, 13 16. {Ibid., 83 

D 7.) 

Seal as m the last. Poor impression. 

April 18, 13 18. Grant by William de Cressewelle to Matthew de 
Acton and Isabel his wife, of a selion of land lying in the common 
field of Acton, between the land late John Jordan's on the west and 
the land of Robert Freman on the east, and abutting on the road 
leading to Aston at the one end and on the common field of Aston on the 
other ; and half an acre of land lying at le fordoles of Cressewelle 
between the land late John Jordan's on the north, and the land of 
Robert Freman on the south, and abutting on Ullay brook at the one 
end and on the road called le Grenegate (at the other). Witnesses, 
John son of Nicholas de Aston, Robert Freman, Roger le Marschal, 
John son of Colla de Treton, Richard Rauland, Thomas Malkus, clerk. 
Acton. Tuesday before Easter, 13 18. {Ibid., 83 E 18.) 

October 6, 1345. Demise by Ralph son of John de Aston to 
Robert Faukener and Beatrice his wife, of four acres of land lying in 
the common fields of Aghton, of which two acres lie in the north field 
at Berecrofte, whereof one acre lies at Berecrofte between the land of 
the said Ralph and the land of John son of Matthew, and one acre in 
the same place between the land of the said John son of Matthew and 



88 thp: YORKsniRK archaeological journal. 

the land of the rector of the church of Aston, at Ullay brook, at the 
headland f/oreraj of Robert de Pokenale ; and a third acre lies in 
the east field between the land of the rector of the church of Aston and 
the land of Richard Hall \(U aula), and abuts on Ullay brook and the 
highway; and the fourth acre lies in the same place between the land 
of Roger le Marshall and the land of John son of Matthew and abuts 
on the highway and Ullay brook, from Martinmas, 1345, for twenty 
years at ^s. 2d. a year. Witnesses, Richard Hall, Roger le Marshall, 
Geoffrey le Gupt*. Geoffrey de Aston. John Freman, John son of Matthew, 
John de Cressewell. Aghton. Thursday after Michaelmas same year. 
[/bid., 83 D 14.) 
Seal blurred, 

Sarntdton. 

Michaelmas, 42 Edw. iii. (1368). Fine levied at Westminster between 
John Monceaux and Joan his wife, plaintiffs, and Roger de Bondon, 
parson of the church of Boford,^ and William Fyueley, parson of the 
church of Fraysthorpe, deforciants, about the manor of Berneston-by- 
Bridlyngton. Right of John and Joan, and John's heirs. 

JSawtrg. 

August 29, 1404. Grant by Richard de Wystoue and William de 
Cottes of Bawtre to William del Strete of the same, of the fourth part 
of a toft in Bawtre, lying between the tenement of the same William 
del Strete on the north side, and the lane {venellam) leading to the 
cross of le Merketstrede on the south side, and abutting towards the 
east on the high road, and towards the west on the tenement of William 
Mytton. Witnesses, Robert de Morton, John Gull, John Porter, John 
Skynner, Hugh Trepinell of Bawtre and others. Bawtre. Feast of the 
Decollation of St. John the Baptist. 

Only one seal remains. It bears a lion rampant, apparently 
holding something with its forcpaios. 

JSeverles. 

May 26, 1366. Release by John Jordan of Beverley to William de 
Scorburgh of Beverley, butcher, of all right in a messuage in Beverley 
in the street {vico^ called Soutermarket, as it lies in length between the 
land formerly belonging to John de Flyxton tailor on the east and west 
sides, and in length from the said street del Soutermarket to the south 
to a lane [venellam) called Noutdritlane towards the north. Witnesses, 
William de Brakene, Ralph de Haytfeld, William Aylward, Robert de 
Scorburgh butcher, Nicholas de Lokynton, Robert de Crancewyk', Sir 
William de Styuynton chaplain, and others. Beverley. Trinity Sunday, 

^ An error for Beford, pow Becford-in- "^ More usually Tropinell. Erroneously 

Holdemess. Fraisthorpe is a chapel ry in printed Tropmell in the Poll Tax for 
the parish of Carnaby. the West Riding, p. 14. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 



89 



Soldterstone. 

August I, 1375. Grant by Thomas Scheffeld of Brathevvelli to 
Katherine Scheffeld, his mother, Thomas Eland, William Power, and Sir 
Hugh Grene chaplain, of all his tenements and lands of Bolstyrtone, 
Bra the well, =2 Scheffeld, Gresbroke, Bramley, Ollerton, Waddeslay, 
Penysalemere, Langesyde, Swynden, Ekleshyir, Derfeld, Aston', Aghton*, 
Steneton', Mykelbrynk, Fyschelake, and Firmdon de Westm*. Witnesses, 
Sir Thomas Reresby, lord of Thr}'bargh, knight, John Vavasour, William 
Wynteworth*, Thomas Herlyngdon, Robert Marche, Henry Westby and 
others. Brathewell*. St. Peter ad vtncula, 49 Edward III. 

July 28, 1398. Grant in tail by William Power of Tilnes and Sir 
Hugh Grove, vicar of Braythewell to Thomas Sheffeld of Braythwell and 
Elianor, his wife, of all their tenements and lands of Bolstyrston, 
Braythwell, Sheffeld, Grysbroke, Bramley, Ollyrthon, Wadeslay, Penne- 
salmer, Langside, Swynden, Ekyllsill, Derfeld, Haston, Laghton, Stenton, 
MikyllbryDgke and Fyshelake. Remainders over to Lucy, sister of the 
said Thomas for life, and to William Power, son of William Power of 
Tilne, and to Walter Power his brother, in tail male, remainder in fee to 
the right heirs of Thomas de Sheffeld. Witnesses, Thomas Flenmyngh, 
knight, Thomas Clarell, John Vavasour, Thomas Tothill, Thomas 
Harlyngthon, Henry Westiby and others. Braythwell. Sunday after St. 
James* s day, 22 Richard II. 

JSolton::»bB^»oHan&* 

February 2, 4 Car. I. (1628-9). Demise by William Pudsay of Bolton 
Hall esq.* to Thomas Pudsay of the same, his son, for his better preferment 
and advancement, of a close or parcel of ground called Peele Bow, 
containing five acres, late in the tenure of Thomas Peele. To hold 
during the lives of Raphe Pudsay, Thomas Pudsay, and Valentine 
Pudsay, sons of the said William Pudsay, and of the longest liver, at a 



^ The arms of Thomas de Sheffield 
were a fess between three garbs or 
sheafs of corn. Within the altar-rails 
of the church of Brail hwell is a memorial 
with the above arms and this inscription: 
" Hie jacet Thomas Schefeld .... qui 
obiit .... MCCCCVL" This probably 
commemorates the grantor in the above 
deed. On July 6, 13 10, Thomas de 
Sheffeld had a grant of freewarren in all 
his demesne lands of Sheffeld, Waddesley, 
Olerton, Braythewell, Staynton, Eckleshill 
and Gresebrock' (Charter Roll^ 4 Edw. ii., 
No. 63); and on Oct. 5, 1307, William 
de Sheffeld had a grant of a market on 
Tuesdays and a fair on the eve, day, and 
morrow of St. Barnabas the Apostle (June 
11), at his manor of Peningesale, and of 
freewarren in all his demesne lands of the 
said manor, and of Udene, Waldershelf, 
and liarmeside (/^/V/. , i Edw. ii., No. 37). 

VOL. XVI. 



2 The names of these places are now-a- 
days as follows: — Braiihwell, Sheffield, 
Greasbrough, Bramley (Braithwell), Owl- 
erton (Sheffield), Wadsley, Penisale-mere 
and Langsett, and Swindon (Peniston), 
Eccleshill, Darfield, Aston, Laughton, 
Stainton, Micklebring (Braithwell), and 
Fishlake. The names all occur in the 
next deed, where Aghton and Steneton 
are more correctly written Laghton and 
Stenton. Firmdon de WestnC seems 
inexplicable. Possibly it means some 
rent due from the crown. 

3 In the parish of I lay ton, co. Notts., 
three miles N. E. of Retford. 

* There is a pedigree of the Piidseys of 
Bolton and Barlord, in Plantagenct Harri- 
son's History of Yorkshire (i., 483), but 
the persons mentioned above do not occur 
there. 



H 



90 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

nearly rent of lis., payable at Martinmas and Whitsontide, and doing 
all such-like duties, bownes, and services, as hath been accustomed 
to be done for the said close by the tenants thereof for the most part 
yearly within twenty years last past. Lessee to have and get hedgeboote 
for the upholding and repairing of the hedges and fences. Power of 
attorney to William Storie and William Dicconsone to deliver seisin. 
Will. Pudsay. 

Witnesses to signature, Lawrence Huxbury, Geo. Shuttleworth, 
William Storye, Thomas Wiglesworth ; to the livery of seisin and signature 
of Willi'*'" Storye, John Wiggan,^ William Decconsone,^ William Jacson.* 

May 5, 1649. Grant by Raphe Pudsey of Boulton Hall gent., to 
Valentine Pudsey his brother, of the following properties, of which they 
were jointly seised for the term of their lives ; a messuage called Broxupp 
Tenement in Holden in the parish of Bolton, and closes called Oxe 
Landes, five acres, Hawber, three acres. Walker Lower or Nether Keys, 
one acre, Broxupp Nether Heys, one acre, held at an ancient yearly rent 
of 2gs. zd.y by grant from Stephen Pudsey his late brother ; also of a 
messuage called Nether Peele, sometime in the possession of Thomas 
Pudsey, their late deceased brother, and closes called Reedeholme, two 
acres, Fearerbowe, one acre, Walkerholmes, four acres, Broxupp Higher 
Nether Leys, three roods, by grant from the said Thomas Pudsey, at the 
ancient yearly rent of 4//. 12s \ and of the closes called Peele Spring, 
eighteen acres, Great Bowe, six acres. To hold at a yearly rent of 
16//., payable to him during life. 

Ralph Pudsay. 

Witnesses to livery of seisin, Robert Hammond, Lawrence Shaw, 
Nathaniel Hartley. 

Seal blurred, 

JSurn.^ 

Grant by Miles son of Richard de Hathelseye to his lord. Sir Miles 
de Stapilton, of a plot of land lying in the fee of Birn', by the park 
of the said Sir Miles on the north side, which the grantor formerly held 
of Sir John de Bellew [de Bella aqua). Witnesses, Sir Robert de 
Berleye, Sir Simon de Kyme, Sir Robert de Flixthorp, Sir Adam de 
Everingham, knights, John de Lascy, William de la Haye, Geoffrey de 
Scocia, and others. 

May I, 1395. Demise from the abbott and convent of Byland 
{Bellalanda) to Sir Thomas de (Colv)yll knight, of a meadow called 
Bylandeng by the cawsey [calcetum) of Brynk in the territory of 

Cokewald, and common in Unneshew the land and wood of 

Cokewald towards the east, saving their roads in the territory of 

Cokewald between Byland and Wildon, from 1395 for a term of 

forty years, at ts. %d. a year, payable at Michaelmas Grant by 

^ Signed with marks. s This document is very badly written 

2 In the parish of Brayton, near Selby. and partly destroyed. 

This deed is fastened to the two lluddlesey 

deeds printed below. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 91 

the lessee that the beasts of the abbot and convent in Thorp shall not 
be impounded if they cross Malton Street. Cokewold. Feast of the 
apostles Philip and James, 1395. 

Walton.^ 

December 13, 1470. Release from Richard Qw(i)tehed, son and heir 
of John Qwitehed and of Margaret his wife, of Over-Dalton, to Richard 
Fitzwilliam, knight, of all right in half a messuage and a grange with 
a croft annexed^ in Dalton aforesaid, and in nine acres of land and 
meadow lying in divers places and in the furlongs of the common field 
{yorlon^ campi) of the same vill, as appears by the charter of the 
aforesaid John and Margaret made thereof to the said Richard, and as 
more plainly appears by a certain extent parcelled out {parcellatunt) 
further made about the same. Witnesses, Henry Westby, John Ryleston, 
Thomas Okys and many others. Dalton. Feast of St. Lucy the Virgin, 
10 Edward IV. 

September 2^, 1475. Grant by Henry Southill, learned in the law 
{legis peritus), Thomas Fitzwilliam, rector of the church of Sprotburgh, 
John Sandeford esq., Robert Cartewright, rector of the church of 
Rosyngton, John Boswell an& William Crescy, feoffees of Edmund 
Fitzwilliam esq., lately deceased, to Richard Fitzwilliam knight and 
Richard Fitzwilliam his son, of their property in Over-Dalton, to hold 
for their lives and that of the longer liver; rem. in tail to Thomas 
Fitzwilliam esq., son and heir of the said Richard Fitzwilliam knight, 
rem. to the right heirs of the said Richard Fitzwilliam knight, in fee. 
Witnesses, John Rileston, Thomas Rileston, Henry Westby and others. 
Dalton. Saturday after the feast of St. Matthew, the apostle and 
evangelist, 15 Edward IV. 

There have been six seals {i)an eagle displayed^ (2) blurred^ (3) a 
boar's head erased y [/[) an interlaced design, (5) W,y {(i) destroyed. 

Soutb 2)alton.^ 

1295. Demise from John son of Richard de Rose to Walter son of 
Robert de Kelkes of two parts of a toft and croft and of two bovates 
of land in South Dalton, which came to him by hereditary right by the 
death of Richard de Rose his father, and which Robert son of Robert 
Foreman {prepositi) of South Dalton formerly held for a term of Sir 
Peter of Chester [de Cestria), formerly provost of Beverley, by reason of 
the minority of the said John de Rose. To hold from the feast of St. 
Nicholas the Bishop (December 6), 1295, for a term of ten years, paying 
yearly two marks of silver by equal moieties at Whitsontide and 
Martinmas for all service. Lessor not to sell except to the lessee, if he 
wishes to buy at the same price as others would give, but if the lessee 
refuse to buy, then the lessor can sell to others. 

^ In the parish of Rotherham, called more correctly later in the deed, "in 

Dalton by Thrybergh, and above Over predicto dimedio mesuagio, grangia, 

Dalton. croft o." 

2 "In uno mesuagio dimed' {sic) una ^ In the East Riding, near Beverley, 
grangia cum crofto annexe," but written 



92 THE YORICSHIRE ARCHjEOIXXilCAL JOURNAL. 

Witnesses, Sir James de Fiyvile. Sir John de Hothom, knights, 
Amand de Surdevale, Roger de Dalton, Adam de Bouylton,* Richard 
Clerk of North- Burton, Simon Buige. John de Cave of South Dalton, 
Thomas Skotte of Etton and others. 

favn^alc.' 

Grant by Nicholas De\-ias,* being in good health and ]a\%^l power 
[in mea bona sanitate et ligia potestafe)^ to Alice his wife, for life, of 
an annual rent of lo//, which lady Joan de Stotevile gave him for his 
sen-ice, namely, 20^. from the land in Farndale, held of him by Adam 
de Ellerschae, and eleven marcs from his two water-mills in Famedale, 
and two and a half marcs from his water-mill in Brauncedale, payable 
half-yearly at Michaelmas and Easter. Pa5ing yearly at Christmas one 
silver penny for all service, etc. Witnesses, Sir Richard Foliot, Sir 
Adam Newmarch [de Nodo mercato\ Sir Henry Biset, Sir Thomas de 

Hetun, William de Pligt Peter de Giptun, Clement de Nortun, 

Robert de Slucropt, Colin de Nortun and many others. 

Ouiltbwaitc* 

Grant by Thomas son of John de Giltwa)*t to William de Bentlay 
of four acres of land in the territory of Giltwayt ; one acre of which lies 
in Mathencroft, whereof one end abuts on the high road {magnatn 
vtam) leading to Roderham, and the other end on the culture of John 
de Giltwayt; and two acres of land nearest the land of Richard 
Prudfot, on the north, in Middil fiirlang; and one acre, whereof one end 
abuts on Middilfurlang and the other on the Treton brook, nearest the 
land of Thomas son of Hervey on the north. Paying yearly three 
halfjpence on St. Oswald's day (August 5) for all service. Consideration, 
2^s. Witnesses, Jordan de Tretona, John son 'of Nicholas, John de 
Seggebroc, Thomas de Morhing, Roger son of Hugh, John de Giltwajrt, 
Robert Binni and others. 

f}a&&le6eB/ 

A.D. 1268. Agreement between Sir Miles Basset of Hausay and 
John Balcoc of Middel- Hausay, whereby Miles with the consent of Sir 
Nicholas de Stapilton granted to John common of pasture in all places 
{Jfer totuni) in Mid- Hausay, and licence to take underwood in his wood 
in Mid- Hausay for kindling and hedge- making [hayandum) without 
view of the foresters, and to take oak by view of the foresters. If Miles 
or his heirs approve {se pro/ectent) from the waste in Mid-Hausay, 
then John and his heirs shall have the eleventh acre, as it shall happen. 
Miles also granted to John licence to have his pigs free of pannage in 

1 Adam de Boultona contributed to the ^ The third letter is written v in the 
ninth, levied in 1297, on his chattels in original document. 

Etton ( Yorkshire iMy SuhsidieSf 25 Edw. * Guillhwaite, a hamlet in the township 

i., p. 153). of Whiston, and parishes of Whiston and 

2 Farndale and Bransdale, both near Rotherham. 

Kirby Moorside. ° In the parish of Birkin. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 



98 



his wood of Hest-Hausay, and one beast in his marsh (mersco) in 
Est-Hausay; also common in Est-Hausay in all places in open time 
{in tempore overto), saving to Sir Miles and his heirs their enclosures 
in \e Hestwodey except that John's own pigs shall go in all places. If 
John's beasts enter Miles's enclosure from the hedge's fault the beasts 
must be driven out without being impounded or paying costs. 

John released to Miles all claim to the vill of Est-Hausay and to 
the wood and marsh of the same, except the aforewritten points. 
Witnesses, Sir John de Everingham, Sir John de Bellew, Robert de 
Berley, William de Pouligton, Hugh de Lascy, Robert de Boltoft,* 
Robert in ))e Jane and many others. 

January 14, 1308-9. Grant by Robert de Camelsford to Sir Miles 
de Stapeltone of all the inclosure of land and waste in West Hathelesey, 
called Robertfrith, as it lies in length between the high rosid. {regiam 
viaffi) leading to Birkyn on the north side, and Byrkynholme on the 
south side, and in breadth between Merleysik' on the west side, and 
Lounmenfrith^ on the east side, in exchange for a culture in the said vill 
of West Hathelsey called Morerode and Nallegarth. Witnesses, Sir 
Adam de Everingham, ^ Sir Richard de Berley, knights, John de Lasci 
of Gaytford, John de Bime, William de Camelsford, John de Wrigeles- 
ford, Alan Balcok' and others. Hathelesey. Morrow of St. Hilary, 
2 Edward II. 

"borburi?. 

September i, 1322. Grant by Agnes, widow of Thomas de Whyttelay, 
in her lawful power and pure widowhood, to Richard, her son, of a plot 
of land called Sandholm, within the bounds [divisas) of Horbiry, as it lies 
in length and breadth between le Milneholm and the Criggleston brook 
on the one side, and the common pasture of Horbiry on the other. 
Witnesses, Nicholas de Wortelay, John de Methelay, John de Dronesfeld, 
Robert de Whyttelay, Thomas de Bellehous* and others. Horbiry. 
September i, 16 Edward II. 

1knare6borouQb* 

May 24, 1479. Letters dimissory from brother Robert, greater 
minister of the entire order of the Holy Trinity and of the redemption 
of captives,* to brother John Brokthen, a religious and professed of their 



^ This name is usually written Beltoft. 

2 First letter of the word doubtful. It 
may be a badly written C. 

^ Deveringham. 

* There were only eleven houses of the 
order of the Trinitarian Friars in this 
country. The only other one in the north 
of England besides the one at Knares- 
borough was one originally settled at 
Berwick, but afterwards removed to 
Walknoll, near Newcastle-on-Tyne. The 
friary here was founded in the reifjn 
of Henry III., by Richard, king of the 
Romans, who by a charter dated Api-il 



10, 1257, gave to the brethren of the Holy 
Trinity and of captives the chapel of St. 
Robert of Knaresborough, and all the 
land which King John gave the said 
Robert in his lifetime. Mr. Walbran 
gives a very interesting account of St. 
Robert in his Memorials of /\mntains 
Abbey, ii., 166-17 1. {Surtecs Society^ 
xlii.) 

The following is the account given of 
this order by Bishop Tanner in his 
Notitia Monastica (1744) preface, p. xxii.: 

*' The Trinitarians, Maturines, or Friers 
of the order of the Holy Trinity for the 



94 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



house of Kanaresburgh {stc) for the order of priesthood. Paris in our 
house of St. Maturin.i 

Xetwell.' 

June II, 1386. Grant by John Parkyn of Lettewelle to Sir John 
Hotoft and Sir John de Westhorpe, chaplains^ and Roger Rede of 
Misne,8 of his property in the parish of Lettewelle. Witnesses, John 
Sutton of Lettewelle, William Schaclok of the same, Thomas Hande of 
the same, and others. Lettewelle. St. Barnabas' Day, 1386. 

S^a/ in good condition. No inscription. The letter I with a 
crown over it and' an ear of wheat on either side. 



/ftortomles,* 

October 12, 1415. Release by William de Elmehyrst, chaplain, to 
Robert del Hyll, chaplain, of all right in property in Morthomlay, and 
in the parishes of Ecclesfeld and Bradfeld, which he had of the grant 
and feoffment of Nicholas Pauson of Morthomlay. Witnesses, Robert 
Roklay knight, John Wortlay of Wortlay, Richard his son, John de 
Keresforth of Barnyslay, William Dodworth of Galbergh, and others. 
Sheffeld. Feast of St. Wilfrid the bishop, 141 5, 3 Henry V. 

Seal : an eagle displayed with something on a chief. 

•Worlan&Z 

April 4, 1325. Release by John, son of Thomas de Heton, to Sir 
John de Eland, knight, of any right in the vill of Northland. Witnesses, 
Brian de Thornhull, Thomas de ThornhuU, John de Mirfeld, Adam de 



redemption of captives, were instituted 
by St. John de >fatha and Felix de Valois 
in France, about A.T). 1197. Their rule 
was that of St. Austin, with some pecuh'ar 
constitutions. Their order was confiruicd 
by Pope Innocent III., who gave them 
white robes, with a red and bhie cross on 
their breasts, and appointed that all their 
revenues should be divided into three 
parts, viz.: one for their own support and 
maintenance, another to relieve the poor, 
and a third to redeem such Christians as 
were or should be taken captive by the 
infidels. They were called Trinitarians 
because all their churches were to be 
dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and 
Maturines from having their first house in 
Paris, near St. Mathurine's Chapel. They 
were brought, A.D. 1224, into England, 
and had their first house at Moltenden in 
Kent. Some say that their head house 
was at Ingham in Norfolk, as long as 
that house was of this order, and that 
from thence they were then called * Of 
the Order of Ingham.' " 

* Frater Robertus, major minister tocius 
ordinis S. Trinitatis et redemptionis 



captivorum, dilecto nobis in Cristo fratri 
Johanni Brockthen, domus nostrc de 
Kanaresburgh religioso et professo, salu- 
teni. Bona nominis et vite tue fama que 
nobis relata est nos induxit, ut tibi earn 
graciam fiiciamus per quam possis de 
virtute in virluteni prf)ficisci, igitur cum 
lu ad sacerdocii gradum desyderes 
jiromoveri, tibi lenore presencium conced- 
imus, ut et sacerdocii ordinem et sacra 
misse sollemnia suscipere et celebrare 
valeas, nisi quod nescimus obslet tibi 
canonicum institutum. Datum Parisius 
in domo nostra S. Maturini A.D. millesimo 
cccc^^lxxix., xxiiij'^ die mensis Maii. 
Dorso. Ro. gaguinus major minister. 

"^ A township in the parish of Laughton- 
in-le-Morthen. 

3 Misson, a parish near Bawtry, partly 
in Nottinghamshire and partly in 
Lincolnshire. 

* In the parish of Ecclesfield. The 
deed of conveyance from l*awson to Elm- 
hirst and others, dated 1405, is printed in 
vol. xii., 295, 

^ In the parish of Halifax. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 95 

Oxsnop', John de Boiling', John de Methley, Richard de Eland, James 
de Eland, William de Aykring', clerk. Northland. Day of St. Ambrose 
the bishop, 1325. 

•Rortballcrton.' 

December 6, 1427. Release from Thomas Berwyke of Ukkerby^ to 
Richard de More of North-Alverton, of all right in a messuage in 
North- Alverton, as it extends in length and breadth between the 
messuage of the prior of Durham on the north side, and the messuage 
of the said Richard on the south side, which messuage Richard had of 
the grant and feoffment of the said Thomas. Witnesses, Robert Birton 
of North-Alverton, Thomas Cutteler of the same, Thomas Barneby of the 
same, John Thexton of the same, Thomas Massham of the same, and 
others. North-Alverton. Feast of St. Nicholas the bishop, 6 Henry VI. 

•Rorton/ 

May 6, 9 Eliz. (1567). Bargain and sale by Hamon Le Straunge 
of Hunstanton, co. Norfolk, esq., to Robert Thomson of Norton husband- 
man, for 5//., of his purparty, moiety and half of one messuage with a 
curtilage, and a croft, containing two acres two roods in two pieces, and 
one rood in White Leyes, in Norton, in the parish of Campsall. 
Covenant by Hamon and Elizabeth his wife to do all things necessary 
for further and better assurance, but not to be compelled to travel out 
of the county of Norfolk for that purpose. 

Ipfcfierfng. 

October 20, 20 Jas. I., 1622. Grant by Richard Spavert of Norton, 
laboorer, son of Robert Spaven of Swint', to Robert Harper, of Norton- 
by-New Malton, laboorer, of a cottage and toft in the vill of Pickeringe 
in a place called Undercliffe, lying between the land of the heirs of 
Christopher Trotter on the south and the land of Stephen Keddie on the 
north, late in the holding of Roger Haider, and now of Michael 
Chadwicke. 

Robert Spavand. 

Witnesses to signature, John Sympson, Thomas Nightingail, Robert 
Wardaill,* Thomas Ruston, Edmond Spavand ; to livery of seisin, 
Roger Mersell, William Boues, John Hugham, Michell Cedwich, 
Thomas Wasling, Thomas Dobson, Peter AUason. 

^ See vol. xii. , 94. this property was pa'ised was levied in 

^ In the parish of Caiterick. Hilary i'erni, 12 Eliz., 1569-70 {ihid.y i., 

^ In the parish of Campsall. Also called 372). No signature or witnesses. Frag- 

Old Norton or Hog Norton {Yorkshire mentofseal. 

Fines, Tudor, i., 174). The fine by which * Signed with a mark. 



96 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



1Rai?nalt)tborp/ 

Grant by John son of Nicholas Crukhorna of Raynaldthorp to 
William de Hertelay, of three acres and one rood of land, as they 
lie in length and breadth in Sewinsikes in the common fields {camp*) 
of Raynaldthorp ; of which one acre lies between the lands of the said 
William on either side, and abuts on the land of William Fuller 
{fullojiis) at the north end, and on the toft of the said William on the 
south end ; and another acre lies between the land of the said William 
and the land of Henry de Hertelay his brother, and abuts on Hertelay 
Croc at the north end ; and the third acre lies between the land of 
William de Hertelay aforesaid and the land of Henry his brother, and 
abuts on Godardridding grave at the north end ; and one rood lies 
between the land of the said William and the land of Henry brother 
of the same, on the east part of Calvecroft, and abuts on Hertelay Croc 
at the north end. Paying yearly one silver penny at Easter for all 
service, etc. Witnesses, Henry de Hertelay, Peter del Hille of 
Raynaldthorp, John son of William of the Hall {de aula) of the same, 
Richard del Bernes, Ralph son of Godard of Morthumlay, Hugh son 
of Wyot of the Chapel, William Clerk, and many others. 



Dor so. 



Raynaldthorp ( c/iiij/viiij" 

( sme data. 



May 8, 1287. Grant by John son of Ralph Clerk of Schefeld, in his 
full age, to Henry de Hertelay,* of a messuage and twenty acres of land 
in Raynaldtorpe, whereof six acres lie in le Estwro and abut on the 
common pasture of Raynaldtorpe ; and five acres lie at Gringelay- 
kilne between the land of Henry Wibbe and the land formerly belonging 
to Thomas Skous, abutting on the Raynaldtorpe road ; and three and a 
h^lf acres of land lying above {super) le Kirkeland between his own 
land and the land of William de Hertelay, and abutting at one end on 
the road going towards Ekelisfeld, and at the other on the land of 
William de Hertelay ; and three acres and a half called le Longeland, 
which lie between the land of William de Hertelay on either side ; and 
one acre called le Dekinland^ abutting on the hall meadow ; and one 
acre lying towards le Kaluecroft, abutting at one end on le Ro^tigCy 
and at the other on the Ekelesfeld brook. Paying yearly 55". of silver 



* I am indebted to Mrs. Smith, of 
Barnes Hall, for this note: — Hatfield 
House at Shire Green, in the parish of 
Ecclesfield, is allied also Renathorp Hall. 
(See Eastwoocfs Hist^ p. 370.) In all 
probability this is the Raynaldthorpe of 
the deeds. Hatfield House is an old 
farm-house, owned by the Duke of Norfolk, 
from which Hunter traced his own family. 
It must have belonged to the Hatfields at 
one time and got to be known by their 
name. See also Dr. Collins' Fines ^ i., 
37; Mich. Term, 1520. John Hartley and 
J ohn, his son and heir, convey to certain 



persons a messuage and lands in Reynold 
Thorpe and Shier Grene, which settles 
the identity. — A.S.E. 

2 This name also appears as Krokethorn 
(vol. xii., 306). 

3 This endorsement might, although 
unusual in form, mean 1409, but this is a 
century too late, and even 1 309 is too 
early. 

* A conveyance of the same property 
from John de Schefeud to Henry de 
Hertelay has already been printed (vol. 
xii., 307). 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 



97 



by equal moieties at Whitsontide and Michaelmas, for all services. 
Witnesses, Elias de Midop', Stephen de Bellew {Bella aqua), Thomas 
son of Ralph Clerk, Adam Moor {de mora), Richard de Utterfbrige,^ 
William de Hertelay, William Thomes {de spina), Adam de Schefeld 
clerk, and others. Westminster. 

IRinabrouab." 

January i, 142 1-2. Power of attorney from Robert Roos of Gedney, 
knight, Richard Welby of Multon, John Dysney and John Waschyngton 
of Dolton, to William Denton chaplain, William Wowhere of Alesby 
and John Foston of Ryngburgh, to deliver seisin to Philip de Tylney 
esq., of the manor of Ryngburgh in the county of York, and of one 
messuage, nine bovates of land and 66j. rent in Kyllyngholme and 
Alesby in the county of Lincoln. R)mgburgh. January i, 9 Henry V. 

Four seals of red wax (i) circular , within a?i interlaced border 
a fir cone between two eight-petal led flowers ; (2) a bird flying, 
motto illegible, a piece of rush woven round the seal; (3) R V beneath 
a crown ; (4) <z female figure in a long dress dancing. 

December 9, 147 1. Grant in tail by James Stranguais knight, Guy 
Farfax sergeant-at-law, Edmond Fitz William, William Mirfelld, Robert 
Nevell and Robert Flemyng, to William Scergill* senior esq. and 
Elizabeth his wife, of the. manors of Scergill, Codworth, Roche, Garfurth, 
Kirk Garfurth, and Derfelld, which they with others deceased had of 
the grant and feoffment of William Scergill senior esq. deceased. 
Remainder to the right heirs of the said William Scergill in fee. Power 
of attorney to Robert Scergill and John Friston to deliver seisin. 
Witnesses, William Hopton of Armlay esq., Thomas Hopton esq., and 
others. December 9, 11 Edward IV. 

Five tags and four seals remaining, all very blurred. 

ScBsap. 

June 3, 1490. Power of attorney from James Strangwayes, Ranulph 
Pigot, William Yngleby, knights, Thomas Stapilton, Thomas Middelton, 
Thomas Strangwayes, Richard Danby, esquires, George Strangwayes, 
William Kyrkham, clerks, Robert Plompton, and Richard Croft, chaplain, 
to Richard Exilby and James Hoden, to receive seisin from Thomas 



1 Called Ughtibrig' in 1379 ( Yorkshire 
Poll Tax, 2 Ric. ii., p. 36), now Oughty 
Bridjre. 

2 In the parish of Aldbrough in Hol- 
derness, Gedney, and Multon, now 
Moulton, and the other places mentioned 
are all in Lincolnshire. See Poulson's 
History of Holderness, ii. , 32. 

^ Scargill in the parish of Barningham, 
in Richmondshire. The other places 



mentioned are Cudworth, Roche, Gar- 
forth, Kirk (»arforth, and Darfield. 

* According to Plantagenel Harrison's 
History of Yorkshire, i., 294, Sir William 
Scargill's wife, EIizai)eth, was a Clervaux. 
Sir William died Dec. 20, 13 Hen. vii 
(1497), and was succeeded by his son of 
the same name, who was then aged 
twenty-two. 



98 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Darell esq., and William Saunderson, chaplain, of the manors of Cessay,* 
Eldmere, Dalton, Thurkilby, Broddesworth and Tyrryngton, and of 
property there and in Crakalle, Heton, Middelton, Catton-on-Swale, 
Harlesay, Thomton-le-Moor [super tnoram), Bromilkar, and in a house 
on le howe in the forest of Danby. June 3, 5 Henry VII. 

Eleven seals y red wax {i) a six-petalled flower ; (2) an animal 
curled upy legend illegible; (3) a boar's head couped mon DROT{sic); 
(4) a lion walking beneath a tree ; (5) a figure standing behind a 
cask holding a branch in the right hand, query for Plumpton ; 
(6) T beneath a crown; (7) a small fragment ; (8) a victory holding 
a crown with a legend, an antique, inner and outer legends illegible ; 
(9) a bird standing amongst grass, pecking, legend illegible; (10) 
destroyed; {li) a plant with a five-petalled flower, partly broken, 

Sbellep." 

November i, 1476. Grant by John Alott of Blakker to John Alott 
of Milnethorp, of his property within the vill {villatam) of Shelley. 
Witnesses, William Doddeworth of Balbargh, John Clayton of Kyrkeby, 
William Denton of Shelley, and others. Shelley. November i, 16 
Edward IV. 

Seal blank. 

•Retbcr Silton.' 

February 9, 1303-4. Grant by Ralph de Loketon and Alice his 
wife to John de Hilton and Margaret his wife, of two messuages, a 
moiety of a messuage, a bovate of land and the third part of a bovate 
in Silton Paynell ; also of the reversion of the moiety of a toft and of a 
bovate of land in the same vill, which third part William de Nevill of 
Calthorp* and Anabilla his wife hold in dower of the same Anabella 
{sic), of the endowment of Thomas de Anaunt, late her husband. Silton 
Paynell. Sunday after the feast of the Purification of the B. V. M., 
1303. Witnesses, Michael de Uppesale, Peter de Kilvyngton, Thomas 
de Leke, Ralph de Berghby, Robert Oliver, John de Kilvyngton, and 
others. 

Two seals partly broken, one bears an eight-pctallcd flower, the 
other a cross. 



1 The modern names of these pl.tccs 
are Sessay, Elmire and Dalton in the 
parish of Topclift'e, Thirkleby, Brods- 
worth, Terrington, Crakehill (Topcliffe 
parish), Middleton Quernhow, Catton- 
on-Swale, East Harlsey, Thornton-le- 
Moor, and Danby in Cleveland. The 
site of Heton is uncertain, although it 
is clear that it must have been near 
Sessay. It was in the possession of Dar- 
relPs ancestor in the twelfth century ( Yorks. 
Inq.,\. 11/?). I^ H<nve in Danby stands a 
little way west of the parsonage. Brom- 
ilkar in the same parish is called 
Brymylker in the forest of Danby, in the 



Inq. post mortem (6 Kdw. iv., No. 38), of 
George Darrell, Thomas Darrell's father, 
which was taken at Hare wood on Sept. 
6, 6 Edw. iv. (1466). George Darrell 
died on April 27, 1466, leaving his son 
and heir Marmaduke, aged thirteen and 
upwards. 

2 In the parish of Kirkburton. Blakker 
is in the township of Upper Hoyland and 
the parish ofWath, and Milnethorpc in 
the parish of Sandall, near Wakefield. 

^ A chapelry in the parish of Leake. 

* A mistake for Calthorn, now Caw- 
thoin. See Kirkhy's Inquest, 143, 240. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 99 

ZTansbelf. 

April 29, 1353. Grant by Adam Ernys of Pontefract {de Pontefracto) 
to Reginald de Thorp of the same, of a tenement with the buildings 
built thereon in Tanshelf near Pontefract, between the tenement 
formerly belonging to John de Methelay and the tenement of Elena de 
Kelynglay on the south side, and those of William Benet and the said 
Adam ; and of a plot of the curtilage [placeam curtilagii) of the same 
Adam, containing nine ells and a half in breadth at the west end, 
beginning at a certain hedge [sepem) of the said William Benet and 
stretching in a straight line to a wall by a lane near the west, on the 
north side, whereof one end abuts on the curtilages of Joan de Bykeden 
and Reginald de Tykhill, and a certain wall towards the west; and 
also of a plot of land containing fourteen feet in breadth in Tanself 
{jsu) lying between the tenement of the said Adam on the east side, 
and the tenement of the said William on the west side, beginning at 
the public street and stretching to a plot of the said Reginald, for 
making gates, for ingjess and egress for the cartage {^pro portis ibidem 
habendis pro ingressu et egressu cariagii) of the said William. To 
hold at a yearly rent of 6j. 8^?., payable half-yearly at Martinmas and 
Whitsontide. Powers of distraint and re-entry. Witnesses, Thomas de 
Grene, William Scherwynd, then bailiffs of Pontefract, John de Damport, 
Thomas de Monketon, Peter de Wath, John de Cotyngton, and others. 
Tanshelf. Sunday before the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross, 

1353- 

XCo&wicft. 

Grant^ by Hugh son of Elias to Cecilia daughter of William de S. 
Paulo, of a bovate of land and a toft in Tatwik, paying 18^. a year at 
Whitsontide and Martinmas. Witnesses, Ralph Selvan, John Wacelin, 
Nicholas de S. Paulo, Bardulf de Futipon, William the parson of Tatwic, 
Reginald de S. Paulo and others. 

March 27th, 1323. Grant by Geoffrey de Gameston to William son 
of Gr«^gory de Tatewyk and Isabella his wife, of (he two messuages and 
all the lands and tenements he had in the vill of Tatewyk, of the 
grant and feoffment of John Brantyng. Witnesses, Sir Pxlmund le [sic) 
Wasteneys, Hugh de Serlcby, Hugh de Kyueton, John of the same, 
Stephen de Deyville of Anstan, and others. Tateuyk. Easter Sunday, 
16 Edward II. 

Dorso. This messuage lies between the tenement of the abbot of 
Roche, and the tenement of the prior of Wirsope. 

June 20, 1368. Grant^ by William son of John de Keueton to 
William Seintpoule of Totwik, of a garden in the vill of Totwik called 
Grimcherd, as it is enclosed by ditches [per /ossas); and of half an 

* This gift was confirined by Cecilia's -^ In the next year the grantee re-granted 

brother, Nicholas de S. Paulo (vol. xiii., the garden called Grimyerd to trustees 

62), by a deed in which the names of most (vol. xiii., 65). 
of the above-named witnesses occur. 



•■ ** 



100 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

acre of land in the same vill, one rood and a half of which lie at 
the end of the said vill and abut on /e Cokscotes towards the west 
and on the high road towards the east, and another half-rood lies at 
le Westcroftes amongst the land of the same William Seintpoul, and 
abuts at one end on the land of the abbot of Roche towards the west, 
and at the other on the garden of the said William towards the east. 
Witnesses, Sir Edmund de Pirpount, Sir William de Melton, knights. 
Sir John de Keueton, Gocelin de Eyville, John de Wasteneis, Thomas 
de Worteley and others. Totwik. June 20, 42 Edward III. 

Seal broken, device and inscription both imperfect. 

Dorso. Charter of Grimcherd which in exchange for one 

acre of meadow called le Dalacre from William de Keueton, and for 
two marcs of silver which I gave the same William beforehand. 

Release by Hugh son of Roger de Waddelay to Eadmund de 
Waddelay, of all right in his land in Wadelay [sic^. Witnesses, Sir 
Robert de Munteneye, Sir Eadmund^ de Eccleshale, Elyas de Midhop', 
Henry del J>om, Hugh parson of Handeswirthe, Adam de Bosco, Robert 
de Bernes and many others. 

November 30. 13 12. Grant in tail by Jordan de Waddislay to 
Robert, son of Robert Pope of the same, of an acre of land lying in 
the common field of Waddislay, which Roger del Overthorp held for 
life, and which abuts at one end on le Cotesflaf towards the south, 
and at the other on the park of Waddislay towards the north. 
Reversion for default of issue to the grantor. Witnesses, Ralph de 
Waddislay, Robert de la Vaus, William son of Richard Morys, Robert 
son of Julian {^uliani), William in le Dale^ and others. Waddislay. 
St. Andrew's day, 13 12. 

Mabswortb. 

February 28, 1464-5. Power of attorney from John Whetelay, late 
rector of the church of Plumptre,^ Thomas Fitzwilliam, late rector of the 
church of Emlay, and William Cresy of Melton, to Nicholas Lemyng 
and Richard Waller to deliver to Edmund FitzWilliam esq., seisin of 
the manors of Waddesworth and Bilham,* and of lands, etc., there 
and in Dalton,^ Bautre, Austrefeld, Myssyn, Cateby, Cusseworth, Corte- 
worth, Scooles and Haugh, which they with others deceased had of the 
grant and feoffment of the same Edmund. Last day of February, 4 
Edward IV. 

Three seals (i) a merchanfs 77iark ; (2) blurred; (3) W below, a 
crown. 

^ In the parish of Ecclesfield. * Bilham, in the parish of Hoolon 

2 Written EaiT . s j^^j'^^^^ (Rotherhani), Bawtry, Auster- 

^ Plumtree, a parish five miles S. E. of field, Misson (Notts.), Cadeby, Cusworth, 

Nottingham. The manor was at one Cudwotth, Scholes (Kimberworlh), and 

time held by a FitzWilliam. Haugh, near Rotherham. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 101 

February lo, 1537-8. Lease from Averay, prior of the monastery of 
St. Oswald of the Nostell, and the convent of the same, to Sir Henry 
Savell, knight, and Robert Savell, his son, of all their tithes of corn and 
hay, otherwise all their tithes of corn and hay growing or renewing 
within the towns and fields of Wathe, Wintworth,i Huland, Branton, 
Adwike and Swinton, with their tithe barns, garthens and lands there to 
the same of old time and consuetude belonging, except one room or 
bay in the end of the tithe bam at Wathe with a stable, to the vicar 
there of old time belonging, with all such mortuaries appertaining to 
the parson or parsonage there, from the feast of St. Mark the evangelist 
(April 25), 1557, for a term of 21 years, at an annual rent of 48//*., 
payable half-yearly at the feasts of the Purification of Our Lady 
(February 2) and of the Invention of the Holy Cross (May 3) at the same 
monastery of Nostell. Proviso for re-entry if the rent be behind unpaid 
for 21 days, or the lessees die, or underlet without licence. Covenant 
by the lessees to sustain, repair and uphold the aforesaid barns and 
garthens, which be now sufficiently repaired and edified to their hands 
with their appurtenances in all things necessary, great timber only 
except. "In our chapitour house of Sainct Oswalde aforesaid," 
February 10, 1537. 

A small portion of the monastic seal^ yellow wax, still remains, 
representing the Virgin holding our Lord. 

Mbeatlcp." 

Release by Ralph de Derfeld, clerk, living {manens) in the town of 
Doncastre, to Henry, son of Hugh Bole of Doncastre, of all right in a 
yearly rent of 3jfl?., which Hugh paid him for an acre and a half of 
land in the common field {campo) of Waytel', lying in le Br ekes by 
Kerhus ; whereof one half acre lies amongst the lands formerly belonging 
to Henry de Kerhus ; and one half acre lies between the land formerly 
belonging to Alan de Sandil and the land formerly belonging to 
Medde the cobbler {sutoris) ; and the third half acre lies between the 
land of the said Henry de Kerhus and the land formerly belonging 
to Hugh of the same. Witnesses, Thomas Framfr', Roger of the Hall 
{de aula), Hugh his son, William Curtays, Henry Stirthouer, Philip 
Chapman [mercatore), Robert de Skyntorp, Nigel de Mar, Thomas Clerk, 
and others. 

XKIloobbouBC DanbBWortb. 

May 30th, 1389. Demise from John de Marcham of Handesworth 
Wodhous to Adam de le Willes, of six selions of land lying 
together in the common fields [campis) of Wodhous, abutting on 
Meresbroyk' on the south, on the land of Roger Grayston and the 
land of Roger de Bawkwell on the north, on the land of Nicholas de 

1 Wentworth, Nelhcr Hoyland, Bramp- ^ In the parish of Doncaster, as is also 

ton Bieriow, Adwick-upon-Dearne, and Kerhus, now Carhouse, mentioned below. 
Swinton. 



102 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Acworth on the east, and on the common holme on the west, for a 
term of 26 years from Whitsontide, 12 Richard II. Witnesses, Thomas 
Mariotte, William de Byrlay, Richard Mariotte and Adam Michel. 
Handesworth Wodhous. Day and year abovesaid. 

Bond from the lessor in seven marcs for quiet possession. 

Seal. A man and woman, each standing under an arch. The 
inscription is almost completely broken away. 

l^orft. 

1396. Grant in tail by Isabella Faucomberge^ of West Harlesay to 
Marmaduke Darell and Joan his wife, of all her tenements in the 
city and suburbs of York, which she had of the grant of William Darell 
and Emma his wife. Remainders in default of issue, to Henry and 
William Darell, Marmaduke' s brothers in tail, and to Marmaduke' s 
right heirs in fee. Witnesses, George Darell, William Lascels of 
Sourby, Stephen de Herlethorp, Adam de Leeke, John Halburn and 
others. West Harlesay. "XX°die Natalis Domini," 20 Richard II. 2 

UNKNOWN. 

Release by Helywise, widow of Thomas Gilliott of Fresthorpe, in 
her pure widowhood and lawful power, to Maude, daughter of Ralph de 
Midelthorpe of Normanby,-** of all right in a house situated at the east 

end of the house of the said Maud in * Witnesses, Thomas 

son of Simon de Normanby, Thomas Ward of the same, Walter Smith 
( fabro) of the same, Gilbert Curtays of the same, Robert (?) Chapman 
[mercatore) of the same, and others. 

Grant by Thomas de Camera to Emma, his daugl^ter, in her 
spinsterhood {in virginitate sua), for her service, of a plot of land as 
it lay in length and breadth in the West Field del Suthaye^ between 
the land Gilbert de Cresewic held of him on the east side, and le 
snytthorn standing on his own land on the west side, and abutted on 
the land Gilbert de Cresewic held of the abbot of Beauchief {de 



* According to the pedigree of the 
Darell family given in Foster s Visitations 
of 1^84 attd 16 12 (p. 81), Marmaduke 
Darell, eldest son of William and Emma 
Darell, married Joan, daughter of John 
Bigod, of Settrington. Isabella Faucom- 
berge, of East Harlsey, was a daughter of 
John Bigod, and second wife of Walter, 
Lord Faucomberge, who died in 1362. 
Her will, proved in 1401, has been 
printed in Test. Ebor.y i., 282. 

2 Circular seal of reJ wax, i J inch in 
diameter, surface somewhat rubbed in 

places .... igil: .... aufee . . . icrg. 

The seal contains five coats-of-arms dis- 
posed in the form of a cross. Centre, a 
lion rampant /^ M^ </^.ir/^r (Fauconberg). 
Top, a bend l)etween six birJs (Furnival). 
Bottom, a chevron between three animals' 



heads (Malbis ?). Dexter, a bettd (Mauley). 
Sinister, within a bordure invected on a 
cross five escallops (Bigod). The same 
seal was attached to a deed of Isabella 
Fauconl^rgh, dated at West Harlsey in 
7 Ric. ii. (1383-4), in the possession of 
the Dawnays of Sessay (Foster's Visi' 
tations of Yorkshire, 1584-5 and 161 2, 
p. 83). 

^ Normanby, near Claxby in Lincoln- 
shire, north of Market Rasen. Fristhorpe 
is a village to the south of the same. 
There were other deeds relating to this 
Normanby in the Burton Constable 
collection. It was once possessed by the 
Markhams. 

* Document torn here. 

^ Somewhere in the Sheffield and 
Ecclesfield neighbourhood. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 



103 



Belio capite) at the south end, and on the road leading to Roderham 
and the meadow held of him by Robert de Birlay at the north end. 
Paying yearly four silver pennies on St. Laurence's day (August lo) 
for all service. Witnesses, Robert de Birley, Henry de Hertelay, 
William de Hertelay, Richard del Berries^ Richard de Uthibrig, John 
son of William of the Hall, Peter de Crosselay, William Clerk and 
many others. 

Seal : bears a four -Retailed flower S. THOME . . . . E CAMERA. 

May 7, St. John of Beverley, 131 1. Agreement between Walter 
Lewyn of Screueton'^ and Ralph de Syreston, by which Walter demised 
to Ralph a rood of meadow in le long' heng' , lying at Hostelin, abutting 
at one end on le flsrod, and at the other on Fordalis, next the meadow 
of the said Ralph, for a term of three crops. Witnesses, John in le 
lofte, Thomas Syword, Richard de Coliston, Robert son of John, John 
le taylyur, and others. 

INQUISITIONS. 

August 13, 15 Elizabeth (1573). Inquisition taken at Sheffeld before 
William Barnebie esq., escheator, by the oath of Thomas Draper esq., 
John Dyghton, John Sayvell, John Batte, Robert Poopeleye, gentlemen, 
Thomas Fleminge, George Skargell, John Grethead, Edward Byrckbe, 
Thomas Baxter, Charles Sheffeld, Robert Darley and Michael Cure, 
yeomen. Henry Watterhouse died seised in his demesne as of fee of 
two messuages and a bovate of land in West Manhaighe,^ held of the 
very noble George, earl of Shrewsbury, as of his manor or castle of 
Sheffeld by knight service and a yearly rent of "js. Sd., and worth 
20s. a year. He died about 24 years ago. William Watterhouse, his 
son and heir, aged at the time of the taking of this inquisition 58 years 
and upwards. 

January 13, 9 James I. (161 1-2). Inquisition taken at Wighton 
(Market Weighton) before Peter Watson esq., escheator, by the oath of 
Michael Copley, William Bacon, Thomas Barker, Thomas Todd, Thomas 
Stephenson, William Blaxton, William Cave, William Sparew, Simon 
Appleton, John Johnson, William Baldbie, William Burton, William 
Ayre, William Deane and John Strombie. Richard Jackson of^Lilling- 



* Screveton and Syerston, two villages 
in Nottinghamshire, south of the Trent, 
between Bingham and Newark. 

^ Westmonhalgh, one of the four 
Byerlaws into which Bradfield in the 
parish of Ecclesfield was divided, now 
Westnall, lies to the north of the Ewden 
stream. In a grant temp. Edw. ii. of 
Thomas de Furnyval, son of Thomas de 
Furnyval, knight, lord of Ilallamshire, 
the tenant was to grind his corn at the 
mill of Westmonhalgh-upon-Uden. 

^ Lillingwoldgraves is in the parish of 
Bishop Burton, near Beverley. Eske is 
on the other side of the river Hull, about 
four miles north of Beverley. The 



pedigree of the Jackson family is recorded 
m the Visitation of Yorkshire for 1612 
(p. 538), and there is a confirmation of 
arms dated June 16, 1613, and made to 
Richard Jackson, who had been dead for 
over two years. The pedigree purports 
to be signed by both Anthony Jackson 
and his brother William. This makes 
one very sceptical of the accuracy of the 
information given in visitations where 
dates are concerned. Anthony's wife, 
Ursula, was a daughter of Richard 
Hildyard, of Routh, near Beverley. 
Licence for their marriage at St. Nicholas', 
Beverley, was granted in 1596 (Yorkshire 
Archaological /ouriml^W. , 374). 



104 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

woldgraves gent, died seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of 
Eske, and of four messuages, and seven cottages, and divers other 
lands, tenements and hereditaments in Eske, late in the tenure of the 
said Richard Jackson, and formerly of Anthony Jackson esq., deceased, 
his father, and also of the tithes there. All except the tithes held of 
Henry Constable, knight, as of his manor of Burstwicke-in-Holdernes, 
in free socage, by suit of the court of the wapentake of Holdemess, 
and by a rent of 35*., namely \^d, for le Castle gard, td. for Shiriffe- 
guildCy and for respite of homage \2d., worth 7//. a year. The tithes 
held of the king as of his manor of East-Greenewitch in the county 
of Kent, in free and common socage. Worth 205*. a year. Richard 
Jackson died May 3,8 James I. (16 11.) Anthony, his son and heir, 
aged ten years and eight months at the time of his father's death. 
Ursula Jackson, the widow, mother of the said Anthony, in occupation 
of the premises. 

p' me Jo : Kirton. 

Peter Watson, Eschetor. 

RECEIPTS, WRITS, ETC. 

November 22, 39 Edward III. (1365). Receipt by Robert de Morton, 
receiver of John duke of Lancaster, ^ at Richmond, to Thomas Boyville 
foreman [prepositus) of Arkelgarth of the following sums from his 
pre^osihira '. — 20//.; February 7, 40 Edward III. (1365), 405*.; July 4, 
22//*. ; October 24, 20J". ; total, 45//. 

February i, 46 Edward III. (137 1-2.) Bond for 100//., payable at 
Easter then next from Richard, son of Richard Foliot of Handesworth, 
to Sir Thomas de Orgrave, clerk, for merchandize. London. 

May 16, Richard IL (1379.) Writ of pluries to the sheriff of 
Yorkshire ordering him to summon the executors of the will of John 
Musard, late bailiff of Tikhull, to satisfy a debt of 7//. 65". iij^. due 
to the crown ; and to distrain Hugh de Mitteford, John de Barnburgh 
of Doncastre and Hugh de Totehill, tenants of the land which were 
John de Waddesworth's, late bailiff of Strafford, for 2J". \d, ; and the 
executors of Thomas Reson for 39//. 3J. ; and Roger Gamel, late 
bailiff of Strafford, for 7//*. 5J. %d, ; Robert Tolet, late foreman 
[prepositum) of Wheteley, for 4//*. 15^". id.y all which sums were due 
to the late Queen Philippa as arrears of their accounts. Also John 
de Melton, late bailiff of Strafford, for its. t^d. ; William de Estefeld, 
late bailiff of Bersetlowe," for 365-. 9^.; Ralph de Lovershale, late bailiff 
of Bersetlowe beyond Trent, for 8//. 8i'. *jd. ; and William Bagley, late 
foreman of Tykhull, for 51^-. 3Jd?., also all due to the late Queen 
Philippa. 

Dor so. Answer of Robert Nevill of Horneby, the sheriff. No 
executors, heirs or tenements of John Musard, John de Waddesworth or 
Thomas Reson to be found. 

^ See vol. xiii., 82, for a similar receipt by the same to the prepositus of Gilling, 
in Richmondshire. ^ Bassetlaw, 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 105 

Hugh de Mitford distrained by 40^., sureties, Henry Smyth, 
William Bower, John Archer and Simon Speller. 

John de Barnburgh distrained by 40^., sureties, Henry Fox, 
William Smart, Henry Archer and Simon Speller. 

Hugh de Totehill distrained by 40^., sureties, Henry Vaux, Simon 
Speller, Edmund Frost and Richard Vavasour. 

Roger Gamel and Robert Tolet have no goods in the bailiwick. 

John de Melton distrained by 20^., sureties, Henry Frost, William 
Page, Edmund Bower and Simon Speller. 

William de Estefeld distrained by 40^?., sureties, Henry Sm)rth, 
Philip Bower, John Carter & Simon Speller. 

Ralph de Lovershale and William Bayley have no goods in the 
bailiwick. 

May 20, 2 Richard H. (1379). ^^rit of pluries to the sheriff of 
Yorkshire ordering him to distrain Mary, widow of Thomas de 
Alberton, to render an account of twenty marcs annual rent which 
her husband held by military service of Edward III., to be received 
from the wapentake of Langebergh', namely from October 13, 49 
Edward III. (1375) to May 24,51 Edward 111.(1377). Also to distrain 
Robert Roos knight to render account of 135- 4^. of the issues of the 
manor of Raventhorpe^ with its members, Thrilly^ {sic) and Boltby, and 
of lands and tenements in Azerlawe and Braythwayt,^ which William 
de Cantilupo knight, deceased, held in his demesne as of fee of divers 
lords by divers services, namely from Wednesday in the third week 
in Lent, 49 Edward III. (March 21, 1374-5) to September 19, i Richard 
II. (1377). Also Thomas de Morton, Thomas de Stanlay and John de 
Derthington, bailiffs of the city of York in 51 Edward III., for 66j*. 9>d., 
the price of a horse which belonged to Robert Holbeke of York, draper, 
which was the cause* of the drowning of a servant of the said Robert 
in the dam of the Castelmilnes at York. 

Dorso. Answer of Robert Nevill ' of Hornby, the sheriff. Mary, 
widow of Thomas de Alberton, distrained by 40^., sureties, William 
Spenser, John Rabuk', Richard Whithird and Nicholas de Fenton. 

Robert Roos knight destrained by half a marc, sureties William 
Raper, John Smyth, Henry Curtays and William de Wynterton. 

Thomas de Moreton and the others have nothing outside the liberty 
of the city of York, the bailiffs of which, Elyas Lytster, John de 
Sheffeld and William de Tykhill, answer for them. 

Thomas de Moreton distrained by 12^., sureties, John Parant, 
Richard Wright, John Couper, and William Smyth. 

1 Near Thirsk. ^ Azerley and Braithwaite, near Ripen. 

2 Thirlby. * A deodand. 

VOL. XVI. I 



106 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHi^IOLOGTCAT. JOURNAL. 

Thomas de Stanley distrained by izd., sureties, Richard Wright, 
John Couper, William Smyth and John Forster. 

John de Derthyngton destrained by i2d., sureties, John Couper, 
William Smyth, John Forster and Richard Parant. 

October 29, 1379. Power of attorney from Robert Neville of 
Hornby, sheriff of Yorkshire, to Peter Nuttele of Ryston and Peter 
Nuttele of Fitlyng', to levy out of the lands and tenements, goods and 
chattels of Thomas, son and heir of Peter Nuttele, knight, ten marcs 
for the king's use. York Castle. Saturday after the feast of the 
apostles Simon and Jude, 3 Richard II. 

October 5, 2 Henry IV. (1409). Receipt by Geoffrey Louther to 
John de Wortlay for 20//., in which he was bound to Louther and 
Robert Pudsey. Worsop. 

November 10 ^ Receipt by Robert Forsett to Richard 

Popclay, receiver of the king's monies at Pontefract for for 

the terms of Easter and Michaelmas last past, from an annuity granted 
him by the king for life. 

Seal partly broke?t bears M* 

December 21,3 Henry (VI.), (1424). Receipt from Thomas Fox of 

Snayth to Richard receiver of the king for his honour of 

Pontefract, of 405'. from an annuity of 4//. granted to him for 

life. St. Thomas the apostle's day. 

Seal bears R. 

February 17, 1474-5. General release by Thomas Greyn and Joan 
his wife, daughter of Thomas Harm)rtyge late of Meltham, to John 
Parky n, son of Richard Parky n of Meltham. Witnesses, Henry Wodhed, 
Thomas Talyour the younger, John Greyn and others. February 17, 
14 Edward IV. 

Fragmefifs of two seals almost entirely destroyed. 

BURSTWICK MANOR, SKECKLING. 

Great court of the very noble John, Viscount Dumbarr, Lord 
Constable, lord of the liberty of Holderness, holden there on Wednesday, 
April 3, 13 Carolus II., 166 r, before Francis Smales, subseneschal. 

It was presented by the homage that John Heptonstall came 

elsewhere out of court, on March 6 last, before Mark Cutterdalc, 

prepositus demariorum doniini, in the presence of Roger Jefferson, 

Edward Robinson, Richard Seaton, Henry Jefferson, John Raley and 

^ There is a receipt to the same person ( Yorkshire Arclurologkal Journal^ xiii., 
also for an annuity given in 1424, which 83.) The receipt next following is 
gives an appoximate date for the alwve. probably to the same person. 



YORKSHIRE DEEDS. 107 

William Crosse, tenants of the lord there, and surrendered into the lord's 
hands the reversion of a house with the curtilage adjoining the same, 
also of the east end of a bam containing two places called Roome- 
steedes adjoining the same house, and of two places Anglice of two 
Roomesteades at the east end of the said bam, now converted into a 
mansion house {domum mancionalent), and of a close of meadow or 
pasture next adjoining another close called Cheesmans Close in 
Skecklinge, of the yearly rent of is. o\d.y after the death of the same 
John Heptonstall, to the use of the same John, Viscount Dumbarr, his 
heirs and assigns, provided that the rents, or the money if the property 
be sold, should be expended on a poor apprentice, as often as the money 
should suffice.^ 

^ *'(2ucxl annuales reddiius et proficua forent erogati et impensi ad locandum et 

exeuntes de predictis tenementis cum faciendum aliquem pauj^rem 

pertinentiis, vcl si eadem tenemento forent apprenticium toties quoties denarii illi ad 

vendita, quod denarii inde provenientes hoc faciendum attingent." 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY BUILDERS' 

CONTRACTS. 

By JOHN LISTER, M.A., and 
WILLIAM BROWN, F.S.A. 

Thk two documents printed below are interesting examples of 
agreements for building made in the third quarter of the seventeenth 
century. The first one (the original of which is now at Shibden Hall, 
near Halifax) contains the articles of the contract relating to the 
enlargement and other alterations of a house at Edgend, Illingworth, 
in the parish of Halifax. It was entered into between Edward 
Redehough, the master workman, and Joseph Wood, the owner of the 
premises. Mr. Wood married, at the close of the Civil Wars, a 
member of the Priestley family, of Goodgreave, in Sowerby, near 
Halifax, his wife Grace being the youngest child and only daughter by 
his second wife — Ann Hirst, of Greetland — of Mr. Thomas Priestley, 
of Goodgreave, a well-to-do clothier. In "Some Memoirs concerning 
the Family of the Priestleys," written by Jonathan Priestley, in 1696, 
and printed in the seventy-seventh volume of the publications of the 
Surtees Society, under the title of " Yorkshire Diaries," there is the 
following reference to the above marriage and, incidentally, to Edgend, 
the house to which the contract relates. 

The writer of the memoir of the Priestley family says : — " Grace 
was the youngest child and only daughter my grandfather had by 
his second wife. She was married to Joseph Wood, a while after our 
Civil Wars ended. Being well stricken in years, they never had any 
children, though they lived many years together. He [Joseph Wood] 
was a very provident man, of a quiet and peaceable temper ; would 
seldom or never do anything but by the consent of his wife. He 
died of a palsy, in a good old age. My aunt kept house, living many 
years a widow. Her husband left her 10//. a year, the Edge and 
cottages belonging to it, and also a good stock in money and goods." 
The writer, after dealing with certain phases of his aunt Mrs. Wood's 
character, tells us that she left at her death over 960//., and adds : — 
"All this she left to be divided betwixt Thomas and Francis, sons 

of her brother Henry Priestley I believe she lived to 

near eighty years." Hey wood says — Coley Register^ p. 68 — she was 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY BUILDERS' CONTRACTS. 109 

"aged 74." "Grace Wood, of Edgend, by Illingworth, buried March 
28th, 1688. She left 900//. in bonds, bills, etc., to Tho. & Fra. 
Priestley, except legacys." 

Thomas Priestley, who with his brother Francis thus became 
possessed of Mr. Joseph Wood's property, married Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Lister, of Shibden Hall, and his daughter by a second 
marriage, Dorothy, subsequently married the brother of her father's 
first wife, another Samuel Lister, of Shibden Hall, in the year 1695. 
This Dorothy Priestley, after Mr. Lister's death, married Richard 
Sterne, of Woodhouse, uncle to the celebrated Laurence. 

The marriage of Dorothy Priestley with Samuel Lister naturally 
accounts for the discovery at Shibden Hall, among a small packet of 
old papers relating to the Priestley family, of the curious old contract 
for the enlargement of Edgend, the whilom residence of Joseph 
Wood and his wife Grace Priestley. 

The second document has been copied from the original by the 
permission of the owner, the Rev. Charles Slingsby, of Scriven, near 
Knaresborough. Sir Thomas Slingsby, Bart., who is party to the deed, 
was the son of Sir Henry Slingsby, Bart, beheaded in 1658, and 
Barbara, daughter of Viscount Fauconberg. He was High Sheriff of 
Yorkshire immediately upon the Restoration, and Governor of Hull 
in 1670. He married Dorothy, daughter and coheir of George 
Cradock, of Caversall Castle, in Staffordshire. He died about 1685, 
leaving by his wife who predeceased him, three sons and three 
daughters. The building here agreed to be rebuilt is still standing, 
a very picturesque edifice of stone and brick, on the north side of 
Scriven, and is now used as a coachhouse and stable. 

L 

Agreed Beetweene Edward Redehough and Joseph Wood, 
Aprill the 3^'', 1648, as followeth. 

That the said Edward Redehough doth covenant to take of the slate 
and take downe the side of 2 bay of one house at Edgeend and the 
ende into the garden, and shall build up the side with competent number 
of throughes in the same. 

Also he doth covenante to build up the end and put up 2 stone 
chimneyes in the same, one for the parlor, the other for the chamber, 
Joseph Wood finding lime and morter for the chimneyes and lime for 
y« whole. 

Also he doth covenante to build from the saide end into the garden 
a parlor and a chamber ov^ the same, in likenes to the fir side of the 
old. with hewen stones, in widenes as the end and in lenght five yards 
and an halfe within, in the parlor vii lights and in the chamber v lights, 



110 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

all to be a yard longe and a foote wide, ,vocered^ over and captablde, 
and he is to gett stones, slate and paveing for the same and for the 
rest of the house what it shall neede. 

Alsoe he doth covenante to make one sinke through the ould parlor, 
underlinde and covered on the top with paveing, and waled on the side 
with stone. 

Alsoe he doth covenant to bild an oven in the kiching with stones 
for fFoure ranges, and sett the same, viz., one in the kiching, one in the 
house, one in the parlor, and one in the chamber, and lie is to make 
slate pins for them, and he is to theack, rige and pave the whole wiih 
all the stone worke theretoe belonging, haveing mosse ffound, and he 
doth co[venant] to build 2 pipes of stone a convenient heighte, and a 
slate lover for the kiching. 

Joseph Wood doth covenant to bringe all the materialls to the 
ground, to alow him a man and an horse to helpe him to remove the 
earth w<^'' is to be removed out of the new parlor and the foundation, 
E. Red[ehough] flaging the same, and to give him 11" for all the sayde 
worke, all which worke is to be fully finished by the last of May, 1649, 
or els to forfeite 40^ 

Edward Ridihough to have all the stones aboute the house excepting 
so many as will bild a good garden walle of a convenient heighte, the 
rest of the wale stones he is to get in Tomson close, bilding up the 
wales so far as the remaining stones will reach, and he doth covenant 
to rayse y* wale betweene the house and the lath a yard hier. 

Edward In witnes of 

his T marke ffrancis Preistley 

Ridihough Henry Preistley 

II. 

Articles of agreement indented, made and concluded vpon the 
thirtyth day of March, anno Domini i68'i, between S"^ Thomas Slingesby, 
of Screven, in the county of Yorke, HarS on the one part, and Richard 
Thompson, of Knaresbrough, in the same county, carpenter, on the other 
part, as foUoweth, viz' : — 

First, the said Richard Thompson for himselfo, his heires, executors 
and administrators, doth covenant, promisse, grant and agree to and 
with the said S' Thomas Slingesby, his heires, executors, administrators 
and assignes, by these presents in mannor and forme following, that is 
to say, that the said Richard Thompson, his executors, administrators or 
assignes, or some of them, for the considerac'on hereafter menc'oned, 
shall and will forthwith take down the walls of one old building now 
standing at Screven at his or their own proper costs and charges, that 
is to say, the foreside thereof towards the court of the house, to the very 
foundac'on of the same, as alsoe the two ends and the backside thereof, 
soe farr as shall be thought necessary or convenient to rebuild a firm 
and substantial! wall vpon. 

' i.e. Voussoired. 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY BUILDERS^ CONTRACTS. Ill 

Secondly, that the said Richard Thompson shall -and will erect 
and build vpon the aforesaid foundac'on of the foreside and north end 
of the aforesaid building- or stable, of new stone out of Scotton quarry, 
two new walls, conteyning in length thirty yards within, besides the 
thicknesse of the walls, and in bredth within seaven yeardes, and in 
height twenty foot to the pan of the said wall, to be of the same 
thicknesse at the foundac'on that the old walls now are of, and rise the 
same thicknesse sixteen inches or at least one foot above ground. 

He, the said Richard Thompson, shall then lay on the same end 
and side one ground table of six inches thick at the least, with a 
chamfrett on the vpper side of three inches, soe that the wall may set 
back from the former thicknesse two inches and a halfe. 

Hee shall alsoe make in the aforesaid fore wall thre doore cases of 
hewen stone out of the Abbey Quarrie, to be mad6 of the same manner 
and demenc'ons, as is more fully exprest in a moddell or designe drawn 
to that purpose. 

Hee shall alsoe make all the windowes of the first and second 
storie of good and well hewen stone from the same quarrie and after 
the same manner, as in the said draught or designe is exprest. 

Hee shall alsoe lay in the middle of the said walls' foreside and 
end one cornice at the first floore height of nyne inches thick, consisting 
of O G Corona Scotia, as in the mergent. 

Hee shall alsoe in the north end of the said stable wall make one 
large coach-house doore-case of nyne foot wyde, all of the aforesaid 
hewen stone from the Abbey quarrie, and to turn an arch over the same, 
to be of an ovall sweepe, with a keyston in the middle, and two plaine 
stones at the impost or springing of the arch, to breake out J of an inch 
more then the plaine or the doorestones. The former arch to be as 
high as the cornice before will give leave or admit of. 

Hee shall alsoe over the said coach-house doore and in the middle 
of the end wall make one window more of hewen stone from the Abbey 
quarrie, of the same demenc'ons and form of the former windowes, or 
larger if thought convenient. 

Hee shall alsoe at the full height of the aforesaid walls and vnder 
the slateing of the aforesaid building lay on one other cornice of good 
and well hevvcn stone from the Abbey quarry, of one foot deepe, the 
same moulding of the former, to return end and side from the coach-house 
end to the backside two foot, and at the other end of the front two foot, 
to shew the moulding at the three corners in sight. 

Hee shall alsoe in every wood of all the walls of the said building 
put in soe many throughs or other stone, to tye one over another two 
thirds at the least, or as shall be thought convenient for the tying 
together and strengthening the said walls. 

Hee shall alsoe soder in the iron barrs of the low story of the said 
windows, and shall well and sufficiently place and put in all the crookes 
for the coach house doores and all other doores of the said building. 



112 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Thirdly, he, the said Richard Thompson, shall alsoe erect the 
backside and south end of the aforesaid building of old stone, and carry 
it vp of the same height, thicknesse and dimenc^ons of the other, and 
shall leave in the stable below one little doore, opening in the same 
wall, to throw out the dung or compost. 

He shall alsoe erect two partition walls in the aforesaid building, 
the one between the coach-house and coach-horse stable, the other 
betwixt the coach-horse stable and great stable. The said partic'on 
walls to be twenty inches t(h)ick. And within each wall shall a 
doore case of the same hewen stone be placed in a rainge, as is more 
plainly to be seen in the ground or plain drawe for the same. The 
wall betwixt the coach-house and coach -horse stable to rise one other 
storie for the makeing a chamber or lodgeing over the coach-house, with 
a doore conveniently placed for the same. And in the far corner or 
angle of the said chamber he shall erect one little chimney for the 
conveniency of the said roome, and shall carry the shaft of the same 
soe high as may be convenient for the avoyding of smoake. 

To all which aforesaid walls, partic'ons, windowes, doores, cornices 
and arches, he, the aforesaid Richard Thompson, shall find, lead and 
worke all the aforesaid stone, lyme, sand, water and other things 
necessary for the same, at his own charges, and scaffolling for the 
whole worke. 

Fourthly, the aforesaid Richard Thompson shall at his own 
charges doe or cause to be done all the carpenters' worke to the 
aforesaid building, that is to say, he shall fell, lead, hew, saw, frame and 
raise the same and after such manner and such gages as is more 
perticularly hereafter expressed, viz*, he is to frame and lay on one 
flower the length of the whole building with summers and jysts, the 
summers to be eight yeards long, fifteen inches and twelve in gage, the 
jysts seaven inches and three inches. 

He shall alsoe obserue in the frameing the said flower soe to order 
the sum(m)ers or dormans in the stable and coach-horse stable, that 
every other shall fall directly over a piller or collume, booth for strength 
as well as beauty to the same. 

He shall alsoe bring all the aforesaid jystes to one and the same 
thicknesse exactly, for the conveniency of lathing the same. 

He shall alsoe make one partic'on of wood in the chamber, exactly 
over the second partic'on wall below, to devide the hay chamber of from 
the chamber over the coach-horse stable, and to make a convenient 
doore in the same for a granarie, and shall make a faulse roofe over 
the same and the lodgeing roome aforesaid. 

FiFTLY, he, the said Richard Thompson, shall alsoe hew, saw, frame 
and raise one good substantial! and well wrought roof for all the 
aforesaid building, with pans or wall plates, balkes, principles, wind-bands 
and W3rvers, after the best and strongest manner now in vse. 

He shall alsoe observe soe to place his balkes and principle spars 
soe that the wyvers shall not beare above ten foot. The said roof to 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY BUILDERS^ CONTRACTS. 113 

be doubly wyverd, both ends and sides, and all the timber aforesaid 
to be of siich scantlings or dimencions as may be strong and substantiall 
for such a roofe, that is to be slayted, to have as well the sparrs as 
maine timber. 

He is alsoe to lath the said roof with good and sufficient hart latts. 

He is alsoe to make good and fashionable doores for all the doores 
aforesaid, as well those within the house as without, and two windowes 
above in the second storie on the backside to be made with doores 
or leaves to open to take in hay. 

Hee shall alsoe hang the aforesaid windowes and doores, and fix 
them, and set lockes on all the outtermost and inner doores. 

SlXTLY, he the said Richard Thompson, his executors or adminis- 
trators, shall at his and their own proper costs and charges slate all 
the aforesaid roofe and building with good and sufficient slate from 
Bramley, and lay them in lyme in the best and most workmanlike 
manner; and alsoe to rigg the said building with good stone riggs 
from the Forrest of Knaresbrough ; and the four corners alsoe of the 
same building with hipps and riggs, made of the same Forrest stone, 
and moulded or fitted exactly to the same roofe. 

All which worke aforesaid as well the carpenters, maysons, wallers 
and slaters, the said Richard Thompson doth hereby covenant, promisse," 

grant and agree to and with the said S"^ Thomas Slingesby ^ 

well and sufficiently and in good and workmanlyke manner to doe, 
perform and finish before the fifteenth day of August next, and to 
vphold the same building and all the worke thereof for the terme of 
seaven yeares next ensueing the date hereof. 

In considerac'on whereof the said S"" Thomas Slingesby is to pay 
vnto the said Richard Thomp5on one hundred and fifty poundes, as 
the worke shall goe forward, and twenty one poundes, thirteen shillings 
and ten pence, when the work is finished. 

Lastly, it is agreed by both y« parties to these presents, that the 
said Richard Thompson shall make an abatement for all such old 
wood as shall be vsed in the said building, and for makeing the 
chamber floore with single gistes, the same being designed to be done 
with double gistes. Which abatement shall be estimated and sett down 
by workmen by both the said parlies to be nominated and appoynted. 

In witness whereof the parties to these presents haue interchangably 
set their handes and scales the day and yeare first aboue written. 

Richard Thompson. 

Dorso. —Sca\ed and delivered in the presence of Thomas busse, Dinis 
Coats, Tiin : Fish. 

Articles ab^ y« building of y^ stable at Scriven hall. 

^ Eaten away. 



YORKSHIRE BRIEFS.^ 

Alne Church, 1765. 

Represented upon the humble petition of the Vicar, Churchwardens 
and major part of the principal inhabitants of the parish of Alne, as 
also by the certificate under the hands of Peter Bell, William Chaytor, 
Thomas Mauleverey, Henry Hewgill and Samuel Butterwick, Justices 
of the Peace assembled at the .Generall Quarter Sessions of the 
Peace, held at 'Ihirsk on Tuesday, May i, 4 Geo. III. (1764), That 
the parish church of AFne is a very ancient structure, and so much 
decayed in the foundation, walls and every part thereof, that it is in 
great danger of falling. That the parishioners have laid out con- 
siderable sums in repairing their said church, yet the same by 
length of time is become so very ruinous that it cannot any longer 
be supported, but must be wholly taken down and rebuilt. And that 
the parishioners cannot assemble therein for the public worship of 
Almighty God without manifest danger of their lives. The truth 
made to appear by the oaths of able and experienced workmen who 
have carefully viewed the said church and made an estimate of the 
charge of taking down and rebuilding the same, which upon a 
moderate computation amounts to the sum of 1635//. 2s. 10^. (exclusive 
of old material), which sum the petitioners and other parishioners are 
unable to raise amongst themselves, being chiefly tenants at rack 
rents and greatly burthened with poor. House to house collection 
in the counties of York, Lincoln and Durham. Trustees and receivers^ 

_ • 

Sir Frederick Frankland baronet, Christopher Bethell, Peter Bell 
esquires, Fran'cis Shepherd, John Strangeways, William Chapman, 
Richard Chapman, Thomas, John Robinson, John Hall, Thomas 
Stevenson and John Stevenson. July 8, 5 Geo. HI. (B. v. 9.) 

Alne and Appleton Roehuck, 1802. 

Brief by Letters Patent for John Mitchell of Alne, miller, and 
William Pick of Appleton Roebuck, printer, sufferers by fire, as by a 
certificate under the hands of the Justices of the Peace for the North 
Riding and the Ainsty and City of York assembled at their several 
General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, held at Easing wold on 
Tuesday, Jan. 12, and Friday, Jan. 16, 41 George II L (1801), 

^ Abstracted from the originals in the British Musemn. 



YORKSHIRE BRIEFS. 115 

representing that on Tuesday, Oct. 14, 1800, a sudden and terrible fire 
broke out in the said John Mitchell's mill, which in a short space of 
time burnt down and entirely destroyed the said mill, together with 
the corn, flour and sundry other property, to the amount of 346//. iSs.; 
and that on Wednesday, Aug. 13, 1800, a sudden and terrible fire 
broke out in the said William Pick's house at Appleton Roebuck, 
which in a short space of time burnt down and entirely destroyed 
the house, together with the stock in trade, wheat, household goods, 
wearing apparel, linen, books and sundry other property, to the amount 
of 47//. I OS. Trustees and receivers^ for the Alne fire, Sir Thomas 
Frankland and Sir Martyn Stapylton baronets, Henry Thompson, 
Giles Earle, Cornelius Cayley, William Whitehead and Nathaniel 
Hodgson esquires, John Bowman and James Wilkinson clerks, 
William Stevenson and John Stevenson gentlemen ; for the Appleton 
Roebuck fire. Sir William Mordaunt Milner baronet, Richard 
Thompson, Perigrine {sic) Wentworth, Christopher Morritt, John 
Wilkinson, Thomas Wilson, Theophilus Davy Garoncieres, William 
Laycock and Thomas Mollett esquires, Robert Markham and John 
Preston clerks, William Stevenson and John Stevenson gentlemen. 
Jan. 26, 42 Geo. HI. (B. xlii. i.) 

Appleton-upon-Wiske and HiRKBv, 1773. 

Represented upon the humble petition of the Ministers, Church- 
wardens and principall inhabitants of the severall parishes of Birkby 
and Appleton-upon-Wiske, as by the certificate of the Justices 
assembled at the General Quarter Sessions, held at Thirsk on Tuesday, 
Oct. 18, II Geo. HI. (1771), That the parish churches of Birkby 
and Appleton-upon-Wisk*;^ are very ancient structures and greatly 
decayed, and that it is dangerous for the parishioners to assemble 
therein to hear divine service, and notwithstanding that the parishioners 
have from time to time laid out considerable sums of money in 
repairing the said several parish churches, yet the same are now become 
so ruinous that they cannot any longer be supported but must be wholly 
taken down and rebuilt. That the truth of the premises was made 
apparent to our Justices assembled at the General Quarter Sessions 
of the Peace aforesaid, not only by the inhabitants, but also by the oaths 
of able and experienced workmen, who have viewed the said churches 
and made an estimate of the charges of taking down and rebuilding 
the same, which upon a moderate computation will amount to the 
sum of 1028//. and upwards, exclusive of the old materials, which sum 
the petitioners are unable to raise amongst themselves, being chiefly 
tenants at rack rents and persons in indigent circumstances. Trustees 



116 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

and receivers^ Sir Alexander Bannerman baronet, Thomas Peirse, 
Thomas Mauleverer esquires, Rev. Henry Hevvgill, Rev. Thomas Joy, 
Rev. Jonathan Steell, Rev. John Hudson, Rev. Thomas Hooke clerks, 
Thomas Hutchinson, William Cornforth, Thomas Stevenson and John 
Stevenson gentlemen. June 30, 13 Geo. HI. (B. xiii. 7.) 

East Ardsley Church, 1781. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of the Minister, 
Churchwardens and principal inhabitants of the parish of East Ardsley, 
as by certificate under the hands of the Justices of the Peace for the 
West Riding, assembled at the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace 
held at Pontefract on Monday, April 23, 21 Geo. HI. (178 1), That the 
parish church of East Ardsley is a very ancient structure, the greatest 
part of which is so ruinous that it cannot any longer be supported, 
and not being large enough to contain the inhabitants that resort 
thereto, must be taken down, rebuilt and enlarged, before divine service 
can be performed therein with safety to the Minister and congregation. 
Truth made to appear at Quarter Sessions by the oath of William 
Gott, an able and experienced architect, who hath carefully viewed the 
said church and made nn estimate of the charge of taking down, 
rebuilding and enlarging the same, which upon a moderate computation 
amounts to the sum of 1009//. 13^. 3^., exclusive of the old materials, 
which sum the said inhabitants are not able to raise among them- 
selves, being mostly tenants at rack rents and greatly burthened with 
poor, and therefore incapable of undertaking so great a work without 
the charitable assistance of well disposed Christians. House to house 
collection in the counties of York, Lincoln, Lancaster, Chester, 
Nottingham, Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmoreland. Trustees 
and receivers^ Thomas Robinson, William Parkin, Joseph Jenkinson, 
William Bull, Joseph Marsland, John Sikes, Thomas Stevenson and 
William Hilditch gentlemen, and the Minister and Churchwardens 
for the time being of the parish church of East Ardsley. July 19, 
21 Geo. III. (B. xxi. 3.) 

Arncliffe Church, W. R., 1797. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of the Minister, 
Churchwarden and principal inhabitants of the parish of Arncliffe in 
the West Riding, as by certificate under the hands of the Justices of 
the Peace assembled at the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace held 
at Skipton, held on Tuesday, July 19, 36 Geo. IIL (1796), That the 
parish church of Arncliffe is a very ancient structure and greatly 
decayed in every part, and that notwithstanding the inhabitants have 



YORKSHIRE BRIEFS. 117 

done all in their power to keep the church in repair, yet the same 
through length of time is now become so ruinous that it cannot any 
longer be supported, but must be wholly taken down and rebuilt. 
The truth of the premises made to appear at Quarter Sessions by 
the oath of Thomas Corlass, an able and experienced architect, who 
hath carefully viewed the church and made an estimate of the charge 
of taking down and rebuilding the same, which upon a moderate 
computation amounts to the sum of 567//. los. 9W., exclusive of the 
old materials, which sum the said inhabitants are not able to raise 
among themselves, being mostly tenants and labourers and burthened 
with a numerous poor, and therefore incapable of undertaking so 
great a work without the charitable assistance of well disposed 
Christians. House to house collection in the counties of York, 
Derby, Chester, Lancaster, Leicester, Lincoln and Nottingham. Trustees 
and receivers^ Thomas Garforth, William Wainman, Matthew Wilson, 
Peter Garforth and Thomas Brown esquires, Charles Tindal, John 
Cart, William Stevenson and John Stevenson gentlemen, and the 
Minister and Church Wardens for the time being. Jan. 19, 37 Geo. III. 
(B. xxxvii. 3.) 

BOLSTERSTONE ChAPEL, 1 787. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of the Minister, 
Chapel Wardens and principal inhabitants of the chapelry of Bolster- 
stone in the parish of Ecclesfield, as by certificate under the hands 
of the Justices of the Peace for the West Riding assembled at the 
General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, held by adjournment at 
Doncaster on Wednesday, Jan. 17, 27 Geo. III. (1787), That the chapel 
of Bolsterstone aforesaid is in so ruinous a condition that the 
inhabitants of the chapelry cannot now assemble therein for the 
public worship of Almighty God without manifest danger of their 
lives, so that it is necessary that the same be taken down, rebuilt and 
enlarged, being much too small for the congregation. The truth of 
the premises made to appear at Quarter Sessions by the oaths of 
William Ridall, mason, and Benjamin Grayson, carpenter, able and 
experienced workmen, who have carefully viewed the chapel and made 
an estimate of the charge of taking down and rebuilding the same, 
which upon a moderate computation amounts to the sum of 1235//. 
13J. 5^., exclusive of old material, which sum the inhabitants are not 
able to raise amongst themselves, being mostly tenants at rack rents 
and greatly burthened with poor, and therefore incapable of undertaking 
so great a work without the charitable assistance of well disposed 
Christians. House to house collection throughout England, Berwick- 
upon-Tweed, and the counties of Flint, Denbigh and Radnor. Trustees 



118 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

and receivers, the Right Honorable Lord Melbourne, Richard Tanton, 
Thomas Stead esquires, Charles Hope clerk, Richard Ellis, John 
Grayson, John Morton, Richard Ward, Thomas Roper, Richard 
Bockon, Thomas Stevenson and William Hilditch gentlemen, and the 
Minister and 'Chapel Wardens of the said Chapel for the time being. 
Letters patent to continue in force for one whole year from Lady 
Day next. March i, 27 Geo. HL (B. xxvii. 4.) 

BoLTBY Chapel, 1797. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of the Minister, 
Chapelwardens and principal inhabitants of the chapelry in the 
township of Boltby in the parish of Feliskirk, as by certificate under 
the hands of the Justices of the Peace for the North Riding 
assembled at the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, holden by 
adjournment at Thirsk, July 21, 36 Geo. III. (1796), That the chapel 
of Boltby is a very ancient structure and greatly decayed, and is 
become so ruinous that the inhabitants cannot assemble therein for 
the performance of divine worship, and it is much too small to 
contain the number of inhabitants who have heretofore attended to 
hear divine service, and that the inhabitants are desirous of having 
the chapel rebuilt and enlarged. The truth of the premises made to 
appear upon the oaths of John Ellis, stonemason, and George Cooper, 
carpenter, able and experienced workmen, who have viewed the chapel 
and made an estimate of the charge of rebuilding and enlarging it, 
which upon a moderate computation amounts to the sum of 378//. 
8 J. 6^., exclusive of the old material, which sum the said inhabitants 
are not able to raise among themselves, being chiefly tenants at rack 
rents and greatly burthened with poor, therefore incapable of under- 
taking so great a work without the charitable assistance of well 
disposed Christians. House to house collection throughout the 
counties of York, Lancaster, Durham and Nottingham. Trustees and 
receivers. Sir Thomas Frankland baronet, Ralph Bell, John Bell, 
Matthew Butterwick, George Dawson esquires, Rev. Robert Penson, 
Rev. Rob. Darley Waddilove, D.D., Rev. Francis Henson, Rev. Digby 
Cayley, Rev. John Scavero Richardson clerks, William Stevenson and 
John Stevenson gentlemen, and the Minister and Chapelwardens of 
the Chapelry for the time being. Jan. 28, 37 Geo. IH. (B. xxxvii. 4.) 

Bradford. Storm. 1769. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of John Wells, 
Richard Hodgson and John Wood, on behalf of themselves and thirty- 
three other persons, sufferers by a hailstorm in and near the parish 



YORKSHIRE' BRIEFS. 119 

of Bradford, as by certificate of the Justices of the Peace assembled 
at the General Quarter Sessions, held at Bradford on Sept. 6 and 
Oct. 15 last, that on July 24, 1768, a most sudden, violent and 
dreadfull storm of thunder, lightning, hail and rain fell in and near 
the parish aforesaid, whereby the river and brooks there were swelled 
to a degree of height far beyond what was ever known in that 
neighbourhood, insomuch that some persons were drowned by the 
torrent, and others escaped with their lives with much difficulty, and 
several dweUing-houses and other buildings were actually driven down 
and carryed away with all the moveables therein by the impetuosity 
of the flood, and great quantities of household goods, wares, merchan- 
dizes, hay, corn and other goods, chatties (sic) and wearing apparell 
were totally destroyed, notwithstanding the utmost endeavours were 
used to save the same. Estimate of the loss sustained thereby, 
10 10//. i2s. 2d. By reason of which misfortune the said poor sufferers 
and their familys are become real objects of charity, and must 
inevitably sink under their distressfull circumstances unless timely 
relieved by the charitable contributions of well disposed persons. 
House to house collection in the counties of York, Lancaster and 
Derby. Trustees and receivers^ Samuel Lister, Henry Wickham junior, 
Edward Leeds, Charles Swain Booth, Walter Stanhope, William 
Thornton esquires, Rev. James Sykes, Thomas Stevenson and John 
Stevenson gentlemen. June 26, 9 Geo. IIL (B. ix. 5.) 

Bramhope, Tollerton, Helmsley and Kirkdale. 

Fires. 1767. 

Represented as well upon the humble petition of Thomas Nichol- 
son, James Ward, Robert Colley, John I^wn, John Mills, Thomas 
Fawdrington, Thomas Hodgson, on behalf of themselves and diverse 
other persons sufferers by fire in the respective parishes of Bramhope, 
Tollerton, Helmsley and Kirkdale, as by certificates under the hands 
of our Justices of the Peace for the North and West Ridings 
assembled at their respective General Quarter Sessions, That on 
April 10, 6 Geo. III. (1766), a sudden and terrible fire broke out in 
a barn and stable of the petitioner Thomas Nicholson, in Bramhope, 
which in a short time burnt down and consumed the said barn and 
stable, part of the dwelling-house, together with other buildings, great 
quantities of wood, corn, hay, malt and several other things. That 
on June 29, in the year aforesaid, another fire happened in the 
dwelling-house of the petitioner John Lawn, in Tollerton, which not 
only burnt down and destroyed the dwelling-house of the said John 
Lawn, but also the dwelling-houses of the petitioners James Ward, 



120 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Robert Colley, Thomas Fawdrington, Thomas Hodgson, Jane Flawilh 
and Jacob Mills, with great part of their household goods, wearing 
apparel and working tools. That on Nov. 15 last, a like fire broke 
out in the shop of the petitioner Anthony Webster, at Helmsley 
Black Moor aforesaid, which soon consumed the same, great part of 
the household furniture, and large quantities of yarn. And that on 
April 2, in the year aforesaid, another fire happened in the barn of 
John Richardson, of Lundcoat in Kirkdale, which consumed great 
quantities of corn, all the husbandry gear and straw of the said John 
Richardson. Estimate of the several losses sustained by the said 
sufferers, 983//. 19^. 7^., exclusive of all insurances; and that by reason 
of the said accidents the said sufferers and their families are reduced 
to the greatest want, and must inevitably sink under their unhappy 
and necessitous circumstances unless timely relieved by the charitable 
contributions of well disposed Christians. Trustees and receivers^ 
Samuel Lister, Edward Leeds, Henry Wickham, Robert Stansfeld and 
Walter Stanhope esquires, Rev. William Lamplugh, Thomas Newton, 
John Armitstead clerks, William Thornton, John Benlley, Francis 
Shippheard, Stephen Featherstone, John Hall, John Robinson, Richard 
Chapman, John Kitching junior, Robert Fawdrington, William Chap- 
man, Thomas Stevenson and John Stevenson gentlemen. July 7, 
7 Geo. III. (B. vii. 7.) 



122 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Mount Grace. The united streams then flow north-west, and form 
the boundary between this parish and East Harlsey, ultimately falling 
into the Swale at Kirkby Wiske. At the point where the Wiske 
leaves the parish it is joined by the Trenholme Stell, and the 
peninsula formed by the two becks is called Pierrepoint Nook, 
preserving the memory of the Dukes of Kingston, who irv the 
seventeenth century acquired by mortgage and purchase a considerable 
portion of the Mauleverer estates. 

The only natural feature worthy of notice is a large round stone 
at the north end of the top of the wood, called Cop Loaf.^ It is 
one of the so-called rocking stones, although it has perhaps never 
rocked. The cliffs immediately above the Hall are known by the 
name of the Beacon Rocks.^ The position is admirably adapted for 
the purpose of spreading news by means of signals. At this point 
which juts out into the plain, the front of the plateau formed by the 
Cleveland Hills after running east and west, suddenly trends south- 
wards, as it commences to merge in the Hambletons. From these 
rocks a very extensive view is obtained, reaching as far as the 
Chevin, Otley, a long way up into the Western Dales, to the hills 
about Barnard Castle and Bishop Auckland, the North Cleveland 
coast, the Tees- mouth, and the Durham shore beyond Hartlepool. 
From a list of beacons made about 1575,* we find that the beacon 
whence the one at Arncliffe would receive the signal, was that 
situated on Roseberry Topping, and that in turn ft would flash the 
news on to Bullamoor, some rising ground east of Northallerton, and 
so on to Penhill in Wensleydale. Brotton was most probably the 
beacon on the coast which would give the news to Roseberry. 

The village consists of two small hamlets lying in the centre of 
the parish, called Ingleby and Ingleby Cross. The former is placed 
on the summit of a gentle ridge at a little distance from the Yarm 
and Thirsk road. Ingleby Cross lies at the base of the same ridge 
between Ingleby and Arncliffe Hall. Its name, which is not found 
until quite modern times, probably arises from its position at the 



of a chapel, and the bridge, which 
carried the highway over the stream. No 
remains of any buildings or foundations 
are now visible. Staddle Bridge, the 
farmhouse close by, once a grange of 
Mount Grace, contains some late 
medieval windows. 

^**Le Kopkelde Hagge " occurs as 
the name of a place in Arncliflfe Wood 
in the Manor Rolls for 1456. It was 
apparently near **le Owtwod Browe." 



2 In the year 1588, between May 25 
and July 21, when the Spanish Armada 
was expected on our coasts, the sum of 
2s. lod. was expended on repairing the 
beacon, and in the spring of the next 
year the Beacon's Lodge was put into 
repair at a cost of ^d. We find nothing 
more about it until 1619, when the com- 
paratively large sum of 9^. was given for 
watching the beacon twice, and in 1625 
three men had 45-. 6d. for performing the 
same duty. 

^ North Riding Records, ii., 305. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 123 

intersection of two roads. The village inn is called the Blue Bell. 
There is nothing calling for special comment in these hamlets. 
Only one house in Ingleby shows any signs of antiquity. It is now 
divided into three tenements, and lately belonged to Mr. Thomas 
Eeles, the representative of a family settled in the parish for over 
three centuries. It has been a good deal knocked about, but still 
retains its muUioned windows. It was erected, I believe, about 1620 
by Thomas Stockton, who then owned or farmed the tithes. Another 
building worthy of remark is the Cleveland Tontine Inn,^ now 
inhabited by N. K. Punshon, esq., in the south of the parish, which 
was built in 1804 at a cost of ^^2,500, to provide accommodation 
for the demand occasioned by the increased traffic, which originated 
in the improvement of the Thirsk and Yarm road. This road was 
at that time made into a turnpike, with daily coach to and from the 
south. Mr. Graves in his History of Cleveland (p. 126) remarks, 
"The foundation of the inn, which was designed on an extensive 
and elegant plan, was laid on the 13th of July, 1804; on which day 
a memorial to the post-master-general was signed by the principal 
inhabitants of Cleveland, representing the inconvenient and imperfect 
mode of conveying letters through that district, and praying that a 
daily post might be established between Thirsk and Guisborough, 
which commenced on the 5th day of September following." The 
position of the inn was well chosen, as the road from Thirsk 
northward here bifurcates, the branch continuing north going on to 
Yarm, and the one running north-east communicating with Stokesley 
and Guisborough. The introduction of railways ruined the place as 
an inn, and till lately it stood a forlorn edifice only partially 
inhabited. Its licence has been transferred to a neighbouring inn, 
called the Little Tontine. There is another inn in the parish farther 
north on the Thirsk and Yarm road, the Waggon and Horses, which 
enjoyed a greater measure of prosperity before the old methods of 
transport were supefseded by the iron horse.' 

The only building besides the church, which needs be described, 
4s the Hall. There can be no doubt that the present edifice 
occupies a site on which the lords of the manor have dwelt from 
time immemorial. The moat formerly surrounding it and the church 

^ The Tontine system of investment, It stood at the north-west corner 

named from an Italian, Tontini, was of the Cross, nearly opposite the Blue 

much in vogue about the beginning of Bell. The end of the pole, which 

this century. Under a scheme of this formerly supported the sign, is still 

kind the property became the property of embedded in the wall of the house, now 

the last surviving investor. inhabited by Mr. George Gibson, the 

^ There was until about fifty years postmaster, 
ago another inn, called the Swan. 



124 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

testify to an antiquity at least as remote as that of the middle 
ages, and although there is no direct evidence of the existence of a 
manorhouse here prior to the seventeenth century, the fact that there 
was a manor in Arncliffe in Domesday times, and that the Colvilles 
styled themselves of Arncliffe, and had a park here, shows that they 
on coming into possession of the Ingram estates, left their former 
residence at Thimbleby, and settled in what had been most probably 
the manorhouse of the Ingrams. Besides this seat the Colvilles had 
another house at Dale, about a dozen miles off across the hills 
towards Helmsley, whence they sometimes styled themselves Colvilles 
of Dale. The Mauleverers on the failure of the Colville line, early 
in the fifteenth century, kept faithful to their own home at Wother- 
some near Leeds, and Arncliffe seems to have been left untenanted 
until towards the close of the sixteenth century, when William 
Mauleverer built the immediate predecessor of the present mansion 
at a cost of ^^2,000. From a drawing in the British Museum^ made 
about 1 7 18, it appears that it was a house of the Elizabethan type with 
three gables and a small flight of steps to the front door, which faced 
north. This house remained the residence of the family until the 
middle of the last century, when Thomas Mauleverer, who had 
received a handsome fortune with his wife Miss Wilberfosse, replaced 
it by the present structure. The new house was completed in the 
year 1754, which date with the initials T. S. M., being those of the 
builder and his wife, are to be found at the top of the lead pipe on 
the east side of the house. It was designed by Carr of York, the 
favourite architect of the Yorkshire nobility and gentry of that day.a 
The only addition which has since been made is a wing to the east 
in the same style, which was built in the year 1843 by the late Mr. 
William Mauleverer, who placed W. H. M., his own and his wife's 
initials, with the Mauleverer crest and the date, at the end of the 
building. The house, luckily built before the classical style became 
dominant, is a good specimen of a country gentleman's mansion of 
the middle of the last century. It is of a square form, four storeys 
high, the lowest one being partially below ground, sacrificed in fact 
to the large flight of steps to the front door, which forms such a 
prominent feature in that style. Over the south side, which was 
originally intended for the front, is a pediment containing the 
Mauleverer arms, crest and motto. The reception rooms are handsome 

1 Lansdowne MSS., 914, fo. 206. ^ Yorkshire Archaological Journal, iv., 204. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



125 



and commodious, with ceilings ornamented in plaster and woodwork 
in the Chippendale style.^ In the drawing and dining rooms, which 
both face south, the windows and mantelpieces are Ornamented with 
finely carved woodwork. On the ceiling of the entrance hall is a 
representation of the Goddess of Plenty raining affluence over 
Cleveland, typified by Roseberry Topping. The arms of Mauleverer 
impaling Wilberfoss, the bearing of the builder and his wife, are 
displayed on the ceiling in the library. 

Till lately there were preserved here, but are now in the writer's 
possession, a large number of old documents relating to ArncHfiie, Dale 
Town in Hawnby, Ganstead, Wothersome, Manston, and other places 
in the neighbourhood of Leeds ; and to St. Helen's, Auckland in 
Durham, Eckington in Derbyshire ; and Budle and Spindleston in 
Northumberland. There are rolls of the manors of Arncliffe, Dale, 
St. Helen's, Auckland, and Eckington. 

The flower garden is contained in a couple of pleasant old- 
fashioned walled courts, which long retain the warmth of the sun and 
the perfume of the flowers. 

The church immediately adjoins the hall, and, like it, lies close 
under the hill. They were originally both surrounded by a moat, 
which can for the most part still be traced. The earliest mention 
of the church, which is under the invocation of All Saints,^ occurs 
about 1 1 70, when Walter Ingram gave the churches of Arncliffe and 
Welbury, as well as the church and chapel at East and West 
Heslerton, to the priory of Austin Canons at Guisbrough. As there 
is no mention of any of these churches in Domesday, we may with 
a fair amount of probability conjecture that, although Walter Ingram 



^ The internal decorations at Wahvorth 
Castle, near Darlington, are in the same 
style, and may have l)een executed by the 
same workmen. They are, however, 
inferior in design and execution to the 
work at Arncliffe. 

2 This is proved by the will of Richarde 
Howthwaite of Inglebie under Arncliffe, 
yeoman, made in 1 57 1, by which he 
desired "my bodie to be buried in the 
parishe churche porche of All Sanctes at 
Arncliffe" (Keg. Test.^ xix. 246^/). The 
church has generally been alleged to be 
dedicated to St. Andrew, but erroneously. 
In 1808, when Graves's History of Cleve- 
land (p. 127) appeared, the name of the 
patron saint was unknown. The earliest 



authority for placing the church under 
the protection of St. Andrew is Mr. 
Lawlon in his Colkctions Relative to the 
Dioceses of York and Ripon^ the second 
edition of which appeared in 1842 (p. 
486). The mistake has probably arisen 
from confusing this church with the one 
at Ingleby Greenhow, which is un- 
doubtedly dedicated to the earliest called 
amongst the Apostles. This is proved 
by a deed executed early in the thir- 
teenth century, by which Henry, the 
chaplain of Stokesley, granted lands in 
Ingleby to Whitby Abbey for finding a 
light and incense for the church of St. 
Andrew of Engelbi (Whitby Chartulary, 
Surtees Society, Ixix., 181). 



126 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



did not build them, he at least re-edified them. The following is a 
copy of the grant : — 

Notum sit omnibus audituris litteras istas, quod ego, Walterus 
Ingerram, dedi at concessi ecclesie S. Marie de Gyseburne et Canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus, ecclesias terre mee ; scilicet, ecclesiam de 
Erneclive^ cum duabus bovatis terre et manso eis adjacente ; ecclesiam 
de Welleberge2 cum duabus bovatis terre et manso eis adjacente ; 
ecclesiam de Haslintune cum dimidia carrucata terre et manso, et cum 
capella alterius Haslintune,^ in puram et liberam et quietam elemosinam; 
excepto quod dimidia carrucata terre de Haselintune forinsecum facit 
servicium. Salvis personatibus eorum qui modo predictas tenent ecclesias, 
scilicet Willelmi, qui tenet ecclesiam de Welleberge, et Roberti, 
persone ecclesiarum de Erneclive et Haslintune. Hanc donacionem feci 
pro me, et uxore mea,* et filiis meis, et pro domino meo Ada de Brus,*^ 



^ To this, as to the mother church, 
belonged the chapel of East Harlsey. 
There was a dispute on the subject, but 
the question was decided in 1196 by S., 
dean of York, Hamo, precentor of the 
same church, and Bernard, prior of 
Newburgh, under the authority of an 
order from Pope Celestine HI., dated 
in the fifth year of his pontificate, com- 
manding them to settle a dispute on this 
p>oint between the priory of Guisbrough 
and William the clerk, and his son 
Ralph, who claimed the rectory at 
Harlsey {Guisbro* Chartulary^ Surtees 
Society, ii., 287). Notwithstanding this 
judgment, it was not until the time of 
Archbishop Walter Gray (1216-1256) that 
the canons obtained possession of the 
chapel. The archbishop ordered Roger 
of Eston, the rural dean of Cleveland, by 
an undated letter, but written probably 
early in his pontificate, to induct the 
prior and convent of Guisbrough into 
corporeal possession of this chapel, in 
accordance with the letters of Master 
Matthew, the archdeacon of Cleveland 
(Stofwe Charters^ No. 429). This chapel 
had been granted to the canons by Robert 
de Lacels, whose gift was confirmed by 
Peter de Brus II. (Guisbro* Chartulary, 
i., 195; ii., 288). 

2 Welbury and the two Heslertons 
formed part of the estates granted to 
Robert Bruce, a memorial of which is 
entered at the end of the Yorkshire 
Domesday (Domesday Facsimile Edition^ 
ff. 70, ^ob). The church at Welbury 
escaped impropriation, and is still a 
rectory. 

* The Heslertone and alia Heslcrtone 
of Domesday (Ibid., fo. 67). Also 



called Esrelton, Haselintona, and Esler- 
ton [Ibid., ff". 34, 70, 87^). 

^ His wife's name was Holdearda. She 
appears to have been heiress of Welbury. 
In the Rievaulx Chart ulary (Surtees 
Society, Ixxxiii., 55) is a grant to that 
abbey by Walter Engelram of five 
borates of land in Welbury (Welleberie), 
which was confirmed by his wife in these 
terms: **Ego autem, Holdeard, uxor 
ejus, hec suprascripta, que sunt de 
duario meo, do eis et confirmo mea bona 
voluntate, etc." The gift was further 
confirmed by their son, William, with the 
assent of his brothers Robert and Walter 
(Ibid,, p. 73). The name Holdeard, also 
appearing as Oldiarda and Holdierda 
(Ibid,, pp. 56// and 73), is really the 
Norse personal name Halgerdis, slightly 
disguised. Although it was very popular 
with the Norsemen, I have only been able 
to find two other instances of it in York- 
shire. One in a pedigree of the Thoresby 
family (Reg. Honoris de Richmond, App. , 
57), curiously enough in connection with 
Walter Ingram: "Torphyn FitzDolphyn 
de Thoresby donna Odiard Lascelles une 
charrue de terre et demy en Kerperby 
(Carperby) en marriage sanz aucune 
service, auxi franchement come il les 
tenoit de Monsire Walter Ingelram.'* 
The name also occurs in 1302, under the 
form Hodierna, at Col ton, in the parish 
of Hovinghani, when she contributed four 
pence to the Fifteenth which had been 
granted to the King ( Yorkshire Lay 
Subsidies, 30 Edward I., p. 47). An 
Odierna, wife of Geoff"rcy le Coureur, 
was living in London in 1294 (Calendar 
of Patent Rolls, 1292 -1 30 1, p. 106). 

° Adam de Brus II. The Adam and 
Robert de Brus mentioned further on are 
his father and grandfather. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



127 



et pro anima patris mei,i et matris mee, et patrui mei, Willelmi 
Ingerram, et pro anima Robert! de Brus et Ade'* filii ejus. Hii sunt 
testes, Alexander de Lium, Albanus presbiter, Johannes niger, Willelmus- 
Sturmi, Willelmus filius Goheri,^ Willelmus filius Maldi, Willelmus 
Cementarius, Willelmus filius Alduni, Willelmus Francus, Gilbertus 
carpentarius, Ricardus Costard. Teste eciam Capitulo Cleveland,* scilicet, 
Hugone decano de Rudebi, Waltero firatre ejus, Gaufrido de Sceltune, 
Ada de Leek, Gaufrido de Scart, Roberto de Erneclive, Willelmo de 
Welleb[erge], Roberto de Miultune, Huntrido de Staintune, Radulpho de 
Acclum, Stephano de Uplie, Rogero de Hetune, Rogero de Estune.^ 

This charter gives a very favourable idea of the donor's generous 
disposition. Not only did he give the priory three churches and a 
chapel, built by himself or his ancestors, but in each case he endowed 
them with what was then a sufficient stipend. Thus at Arncliffe he 
gave with the church, besides a house, two bovates or oxgangs of 
land, that is a quarter of a carucate or ploughland, the amount of 
land which could be kept in cultivation by one plough with a team 
of eight oxen, here one hundred and twenty acres,* so that the two 
bovates would be equivalent to twenty-five or thirty acres. This 
grant implies a great deal more than is at first apparent. In right 
of the land which constituted a freehold tenement, the priest would 
be entitled to housebote and haybote, that is^s much wood as would 
be necessary for repairing his house and hedges, a gift of no small 
importance when all the houses in the place, except perhaps the hall 
and church, were built of wood and thatched with reeds or rushes, 
seves as they are called in Cleveland. Then, too, he would have the 
right of pasturing his beasts and geese on the common land, which 
at that time formed a very considerable part of the parish, and also 
of firebote or getting fuel for his house from the wood. As the land 
was "granted in pure and free alms, otherwise frankalmoign, the priest 
would be liable to none of the services required of lay tenants, such 



^ It is rery unfortunate that he does 
not mention his father's name, as it is 
unknown. His mother's name was 
Matillis, from whom he inherited property 
in East Heslarton, which he gave to 
Rievaulx (Kievaulx Chartulary, pp. 75, 
189). His uncle William was a bene- 
factor to Guisbrough, to which house he 
gave land in Ayresome in 11 19, when the 
priory was founded ( Guisbro^ Chartulary, 
i.,3; ii., 302). 

2 Ada. 

^ This William, son of Gohcr, was the 
ancestor of the Gowers of Sexhow and 
Faceby. 

* As Dodsworlh has not quite accu- 
rately copied the names of the clergy 



composing the chapter of Cleveland, I 
give what I believe are the places meant : 
Hutton Rudby, Skelton, Leake, Scarlh- 
in-Whorlton parish, Arncliffe, Welbury, 
Whorlton, Stainton, Acklam, Upleatham, 
Ay ton, and Eston. 

s Printed in the Guisbro^ Chartulary 
(Surtees Society), ii., 283, from the 
Dodsivorlh MSS.j vii., 61 b, 

^ William Engelram gave Guisbrough 
Priory half a carucate of land in Engelby, 
in which there were sixty acres of land 
and two acres in the tofts. Five acres of 
meadow were appurtenant to the half 
carucate (Guisbro' Chartulary^ ii., 285). 



128 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

as attending his feudal lord to the wars, paying relief whether on 
succession or marriage, or any other of the numerous fines to which 
the tenant in chivalry was liable. The same may safely be predicated 
of the grants in connection with Welbury and Heslerton, except that 
in the last case forinsec service was to be rendered for the land. 
On the other hand the charter points to the existence of an 
irregularity, which in later times became a grievous scandal in the 
church, namely, plurality of livings, and in consequence non-residence. 
Robert, the parson at Amcliffe, also held the living of East Heslerton 
with the dependent chapelry of West Heslerton, forty miles away, 
so that it must have been impossible for him to serve both cures 
personally. 

This grant was confirmed by Henry II. in 1182,' and also by the 
donor's son and heir William, as appears by the following charter," 
which may be dated about 1 1 86 : — 

Omnibus tam presentibus quam fiituris fidelibus, Willelmus filius 
Walteri Ingerram, salutem. Nouerit universitas vestra, me, intuitu 
salutis anime mee et predecessorum meorum, concessisse et hac mea 
carta confirmasse fratribus in ecclesia S. Marie de Ghiseburna Deo 
servientibus, totam donacionem quam eis pater meus Walterus in 
ecclesiis et terris et aliis rebus donavit, et carta sua confirmavit : 
scilicet, ecclesiam de Emeclife cum duabus bovatis terre, et manso eis 
adjacente; ecclesiam de Welleberghe, cum dimidia car. cum duabus 
bovatis terre et manso eis adjacente ; ecclesiam de Heslertona, 
cum dimidia car. terre et manso, et cum capella alterius Heslertone ; 
in perpetuam et liberam et quietam elemosinam. Excepto quod 
predicta dimidia car. terre de Heslertona forinsecum facit servicium. 
Hiis testibus, Gaufrido, abbate de Novo monasterio, Gaufrido, abbate 
de Sallei, Thoma, monacho de Clara valle, Henrico de Perci, Thoma 
Ingerram, Symone de Winstede, Nicholao Organista, Johanne filio 
Gaufridi, Ricardo de Widevill', Thoma de Eltona. Durando de Butterwic, 
Roberto de Baiocis, Willelmo de DaievilP, Odardo de Eltona, Ricardo 
de AlnetO; Hugone Malebisse, Hugone de Hotona, Waltero de Perci, 
Michaele de Toscotes. 

From this time we hear nothing of the church for a considerable 
period. About 1300 there was a chaplain's house (domus capellanorum) 
going out of the vill to the south on the east side. Possibly one of 
these chaplains, whether more than two does not appear, may have 
served the chapel at Harlsey.' 

* Guisbro' Oiarttilary^ i., 16. de ecclesia de Erneclive, de Wclleberge, 

'^ Bodleian Charters, Vor^s/itre, No. $2. et dc Haslert.'". Seal lost. Printed in 

Endorsed, '* Confirmacio Willelmi Inge- the Guisbro' Chariulary, ii., 284. 

ram super donacione Walteri, palris sui, ** Guisbro^ Chartulary^ ii., 431. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 129 

The document, a rent-roll of Guisbrough Priory, from whence the 
information is derived, is very valuable, as it not only gives the names 
of the tenants, but also the donors from whom the Canons derived 
their property. The following is a translation of the Ingleby Arncliffe 
portion : — 

"In Ingleby-by-Erneclive we have half a carucate of land, that 
namely which William son of Norman formerly held, in which there are 
contained sixty acres of land, and two in tofts, one of which the same 
William son of Norman held, and the other William son of Hugh. We 
have also five acres of meadow belonging to the same carucate, and 
thirty acres of land in Fulkeldeflat and common pasture of the vill, and 
common in all in whatsoever the men of the vill have common ; and 
a toft in Erneclyve, which is between the pond (stagnum) and the 
churchyard {cemeterium). All these abovesaid we have of the gift of 
Walter Yngram. We have also two bovates of land, which is the 
church's dowTy {dos ecclesie), with the house (manso) adjoining to them, 
of the gift of Walter Yngram, and the confirmation of William his son ; 
and of the gift of John, son of Adam of Rounton (Rungetona), a certain 
meadow called Neutiker.^ 

In I ngelby- by- Erneclyve the conditions and names, rents and services 
of the tenants of the house of Gyseburne, and how much they held, and 
of whose gift, is noted below. 

At the going out of the vill towards the south on the east side. 
The chaplain's house. 

Also on the south side. William of Mydelton, ys., for a toft and 
croft and two bovates and four acres of land. 

Also on the north side near the going out of the vill towards the 
east. Henry son of Isabel, 6s. Sd., for a toft and croft and two bovates 
of land. Richard of Winton, 6s. Sd., for a toft and croft and two bovates 
of land. 

Four tenants, 4J., for Fulkeldeflate of ;^2 acres (let for term of life tn 
margin). 

The Granger of Barnaby (Bernaldeby) receives this rent. 

We receive in the same place for the tithe of the mill 2\d. at the 
term. Gervase Pyteman, one pound of cummin at Christmas (not for 
homage in margin). Mem. about the tithe of the hay of the same. 

In 1309 Archbishop Greenfield held, that the canons, as patrons, 
could not be compelled to institute a vicarage here, but that they 
might appropriate all the fruits of the living for their own uses as 
long as they maintained a stipendiary priest.' This decision accounts 
for the exceeding poverty of the living, which at the present time 
amounts to less than ^40 a year and no house, the tithes being 
redeemed or in the ix)ssession of the lay rector. At the suppression 

* More correctly Neutonker. ^ Rcgistrum Greenfield^ i. , 93. 



130 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

of the monasteries the rectory came into the hands of the Crown as 
part of the property of the priory of Guisbrough. It was granted in 
1587 by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Francis Walsingham, knight, and 
Francis Milles, gent.^ Soon after it came into the possession of the 
Bate family,^ who settled about this time at West Lathe, now 
Westleys, in the adjoining parish of Whorlton. In 16 18 Thomas 
Stockton was the owner or farmer of the tithes. He was succeeded 
in 1624 by Henry Stockton, who retained possession of them until 
after 1630. In 1655 the tithes were received by Ralph AUenson, 
who the next year gave place to Marmaduke Allenson. In 168 1 
they passed into the hands of Mr. William Cooper, a Scarborough 
merchant, from whom they descended to Henry Cooper Abbs, late 
of Cleadon House, Sunderland, by whom they were lately sold to his 
sister Rachel, wife of N. M. Punshon, esq., now residing at Ingleby 
House, formerly known as the Tontine. 

Mr. Graves^ remarks of the old church, which was pulled down 
about 1 82 1, that it was "an ancient structure of a simple form and 
small dimensions," a description which gives very little information. 
From a pen and ink drawing of the old hall made in 17 18,* in 
which it appears, and from a sketch on a last century plan of the 
Arncliffe estate, it would seem to have had a low tower at the west 
end, which if we may trust part of a baluster shaft of a window now 
in the vestry, was of early Norman date. The east window, dated 
about 1370, which has been transferred to the present church, is 
quite distinguishable in the sketches mentioned above, as is also a 
Perpendicular window on the south side since destroyed. On the 
north side of the road between the church and the village are 
portions of the tracery of a late Perpendicular window, part of which 
is blind tracery, very probably the remains of this window. 

The Norman porch, probably built about the time the church 
was given to Guisbrough Priory, towards the end of the twelfth 
century, still stands in the modern tower at the west end. It 
consists of two orders perfectly plain, but probably only the capitals 
which are plain, are original, the rest having been copied from the 
old porch at the time of the rebuilding. 

Built in the inside of the tower about half way up are portions 
of cross-shafts covered with interlaced work, showing that there was 
a church here before the Conquest. The bells, two in number, have 

1 Palcnt Roll, 29 Elizabeth, Part iv., alia) the rectory of Ingleby under 

m. 24. Arncliff. 

^ William Bale of Westlathes, whose o rr- ^^ ^r m 1 ^ .«„ 

r ^ . 1 • T T Htslory of Cleveland. 127. 

Inq. p. m. was taken in 4 James I. -^ ^ ' ' 

(Part L, No. 136), died seised of {inter ^ Lansdcnune MSS., 914, fo. 206. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



131 



no inscriptions. The Norman font, formeriy here, is now in the 
church at Newton-under-Roseberry. It is very much spoilt by the 
arcading round it having been cut flat, and the font generally shorn 
down. 

The church plate consists of a pewter alms plate i2| inches in 
diameter, and inscribed "Arncliff Church T.M. 1699." There are 
four pewterer's marks, in small punches, like imitations of silver hall- 
marks, viz.: (i) IF., (2) a harp, (3) a leopard's head uncrowned, (4) a 
lion passant. Also a pewter tankard 9I inches in height, and 
without a spout. It is inscribed "Arncliff Church 1699." In the 
bottom of the tankard are three small pointed shields, each alike 
with a thistle. In 1605 "a pewter pott for the wine*' was 
bought for the communion at a cost of two shillings. This has 
disappeared. Besides these pewter vessels, there is a fine 
Elizabethan communion cup,^ with its paten-cover, made, no doubt, 
of the silver which formed the pre-Reformation chalice and paten. 
It has an unusually deep bowl, with a wide belt of ornament round 
the centre. The height of the cup is 7I inches, and the depth of 
the bowl 4 J inches. The paten cover is 3 J inches in diameter and 
I J inch in height. On the button is engraved the date 157 1. Both 
cup and cover bear the same four hall-marks : (i) H.S. in 
monogram, the mark probably of H. Sutton of London, goldsmith ; 
(2) leopard's head crowned, (3) lion passant, (4) a small black letter 
N in a pointed shield, the London date-letter for 1570-71. 

In addition to these old vessels there is a plain modem silver 
plate, inscribed "Arncliffe Church." It has the London hall-marks 
for 1868. Maker's mark, ^\J^' 

William Cooper, of the city of Durham, esq., the patron of 
the living, left by his will,^ dated October 12th, 1733, ;^3o for 
the purpose of purchasing some church plate. "And further 
I give to them the said Thomas Rudd and Timothy Mauleverer, 
as my trusty friends and trustees, the sum of 30//., to be by 
them applied and laid out to and for the purchasing of one 
or more such piece or pieces of silver plate, as shall be thought 
most proper and convenient to be used at the time of the 
administration of the holy sacrament in Ingleby Church for ever; 



* The 1 57 1 cup was certainly not 
IxHight by the benefaction of W. Cooper. 

2 He also gave anil bequeathed unto 
Thomas Rudd and Timothy Mauleverer, 
both of the city of Durham, esquires, the 
sum of /^200, to be paid to them as soon 
as the Governors for Augmentation of 
Poor Livings should pay the like sum of 



;f 200 for and towards the augmentation 
of the living of the rectory of Ingleby 
Arncliffe. He also gave each of them a 
gold ring of the value of a sceptre broad. 
George Cooper, his father, executor. To 
be buried at Scarborough, near his uncle, 
William Cooper. 



132 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

which piece or pieces of silver plate I give and bequeath to the said 
church of Ingleby, and to the rector (sic) and parishioners, who shall 
be communicants there, for the use and purpose aforesaid forever." 
It does not appear whether this purchase was ever made. 

On March 17, 1604-5, ^^- William Mauleverer drew up a plan 
of how the stalls or pews in Arncliffe church were to be arranged. 
As was usual at that period the men and women sat separate. He 
leaves out all mention of his own sitting, or of the rector's, who 
would have the chancel. The account is written in the Mauleverer 
family bible. 

The Order of the stalles of men and women of Inglebee 

Arncliff parishe. 
Men. 

Southeside. 

1 Stall on the righte hand for the seruinge men of Amecliff hall. 

2 Stall on the righte hande for Wm. Heuthwate, Wm. Simson, Wm. 

Tom son. 

3 Stall on the righte hande for Jo. Simson, Will'm Win, Cr. Lambert, 

Robert Myles. 

4 Stall for the hyndes of Arnecliff hall, of the right hand. 

5 Stall on the righte hand for Jo. Goodyer, Ri. Michel, Launce Kilburne, 

Jo. Wilson. 

Northside. 

1 Stall on the lefte hand for Jo. Simpson, Jo. Laking, Wm. Wethereld, 

Nicholas Wetherelde. 

2 Stall on the left hand for Wm. Tomson, Wm. Jackson, Tho. Nicholson, 

Wm. Thomson, tanner. 

3 Stall on the left hand for Henry Robinson, smithe, Wm. Eles, Roger 

Jackson, Ric. Mothersall. 

4 On the left hand for Ric. Sheperd, Wm. Hewthwato, Jo. Mathew. 

Women. 
South syde. 

1 Stall on the right hand, maydes of Arnecliff hall. 

2 Stall on the righte hand, Wm. Heuthwate, He. Smithe, and Anthony 

(sic) wyues. 

3 Stall on the righte hand, Jo. Simson for my tenement,^ Ric. Michell, 

Rob. Myles, Wm. Win, ther wyues. 

4 Stall, Wm. Eles, Nich. Wethereld, Jo. Wilson, Launce Kilburn wiues. 

Northside 

1 Stall on the left hand, Wm. Tomson, Ric. Mothersal, Jo. Goodyer wiues. 

2 Stall on the left hand, Cr. Lambert, Isabel Jacson, Ric. Sheperd, Wm. 

Simson's wiues. 

3 Jo. Laking, Jo. Simson, Wm. Weth[e]r[e]ld, Wm. Jackson wiues. 

4 Thomas Nicholson, Jo. Sheperd, Jo. Mathew, Roger Jacson, Margarett 

Noddinge. 

* Fowgill Farm, which had been bought by Mr. Mauleverer. 



134 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



very few examples of that style remaining untouched by the restorer. 
The edifice in question consists of a tower at the west end, an 
aisleless nave and chancel, with a vestry on the north side of the 
chancel, a west door and one on the south side of the chancel; the 
interior being filled with narrow painted pews of the period, with a 
high one for the squire at the south-east of the nave, and a three- 
decker pulpit opposite. Over the outside of the west doorway is 
the date, encircled with the following inscription, " Populis cunctis 
domus mea, domus orationis vocabitur, A.D., 1821."^ The arch 
of the outer doorway, as has been before mentioned, has been 
in part removed from the old church. It is very much scored, 
as is generally the case where soft stone has been used. The 
square tower is probably a copy of the former one, but more lofty. 
The windows, of which there is a couplet in each of the four 
sides, are likely enough rude imitations of the ones existing before, 
which they resemble in character. At the east end is a window of 
three lights, from the old church, containing two shields: Argent 
a lion rampant azure, Fauconberg; and. Or a chevron gules with a 
chief vair, St. Quentin.'^ These are the arms of the first and second 
wives of Sir William Colville, who was alive about 1360. The 
absence of the husband's arms may be accounted for by the attainder 
of his son and heir, Sir John Colville, in consequence of his having 
been implicated in Archbishop Scrope's rebellion against Henry IV., 
after which event his arms may have been defaced. That such 
punishment was not unusual in the times of chivalry is shown by 
the punishment Sir Artegall inflicts on the boaster Talus, whom he 
had vanquished : — 

First he his beard did shave, and fowly shent. 
Then from him reft his shield, and it renverst. 
And blotted out his armes with falshood blent. 
And himselfe baffuld, and his armes unherst, 
And broke his sword in twaine, and all his armour sperst. 

Fee He Queene, v., 3, 37. 



^ Isaiah, Ivi. 7. 

^ At an earlier period the St. Quentins 
bore three chevrons. In the reign of 
Edward II. {Nicolas' s Roll, temp. 
Edward II., p. 93) Sir Herbert St. 
Qiientin had three, and in the next reign 
(Nicolas^ s Roily temp. Edward III., p. 22) 
le Sire de St. Quintine bore the same 
number, but Sir William de St. Quintyne 
bore the one. Sir John, who was buried 
at ^randesburton in 1397, reverted to the 
three chevrons, although Sir Thomas, 



1420, and his namesake, who however 
was only an esquire, 1445, both buried at 
Harpham, bore ihe single chevron ( York- 
shire Archceological fourfial^ xii., 203, 
211-216). In all the Heraldic Visitations 
there is never more than the single 
chevron. In 131 1 John de St. Quintin 
bore on his shield the chief vair alone, 
the crest, John Baptist's head in a 
charger {Durham Miscellama, 4930/. 
Engraved in Surtees* Durham, Plate x ., 
28). 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 135 

On either side of the Communion Table lies a recumbent 
effigy in stone of a knight, 5ft. 10 inches in length. They are 
both precisely similar in all details, and most probably represent Sir 
William Colville and his brother Sir Robert, the former of whom died 
shortly before 1300.' The latter survived some twenty years or more, 
but the effigies may have been made at the same time. The one 
on the north side has the Colville arms on his shield (which is 
large and slightly concave) : Or^ a fess gules, in chief three torteaux. 
The shield of the other knight has been a great deal broken, but 
the base which remains is plain, and this would suit the Colville 
coat. The tilting helmet still lies by the head of the knight on the 
north side, having in the other case been destroyed. The armour is 
chain-mail, the only pieces of plate being the kneecaps. The coif de- 
mailles or head-covering is surrounded with a jewelled circlet. All 
the body armour is covered with a sleeveless surcoat reaching below 
the hawberk. There is one feature in these effigies, to which my 
attention has been directed by Mr. W. H. St. John Hope, Assistant 
Secretary to the Society of Antiquaries, which is very unusual, and 
in one respect unique, that is the ailettes. " Ailettes," or little wings, 
was the term applied to small square shields, worn upon the shoulders 
of knights from the latter part of the reign of Edward I. to that of 
Edward III. Their use it is hard to determine; for their position 
in effigies behind the shoulders is opposed to the theory that they 
were defences for the neck. Ailettes covered with cloth occur in 
1278, and of leather, ornamented with pearls, in 13 13, shewing they 
were more for ornament than for use. Instances on brasses are not 
so uncommon, as at Trurapington in Cambridgeshire, Gorleston in 
Suffolk, and Chartham in Kent ; but besides the example here there 
are only three effigies in England on which they are seen. Ash-by- 
Sandwich in Kent, Clehongre in Herefordshire, and Great Tew in 
Oxfordshire. The Clehongre figure is especially curious, as shewing 
the ailette fastened by its Iciqeus or bust, which appears as the 
outside. In all these examples, and probably here also, the ailettes 
are quadrangular, but in illuminated MSS. and other instances the 
round, pentagonal, and lozenge shapes are seen also. In the Arncliffe 
one the ailette on the right shoulder, which is only visible in the 
effigy on the south side, though a great deal broken, still exhibits thd 
fesse of the Colville coat, though the torteaux have disappeared. 

^ These figures closely resemble in the tilting helmet is there absent, and the 

their details the brass of Sir Roger details are more visible in the metal. An 

Trumpington, now in Trumpington engraving of this monument is given in 

Church, near Cambridge, which is Haines*s Moitumental Brasses ^ Part I., 

assigned to the year 12S9; except that cxlvi. 



136 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



The unique feature which only exists on the effigy on the north side, 
as in the other case the hehiiet has been destroyed, is the use of the 
ailette on the left shoulder as a peg on which to hang the helmet. 
This curious use was detected by Mr. W. H. St. John Hope.* The 
surcoat is confined by a belt round the waist, which has been 
buckled, and the long tag twisted over the belt from which it hangs 
some way down. Over the right shoulder is a baldrick from which 
the sword depends. It, like the belt, has been buckled with the end 
twisted over and hanging down. The sword, at the left side, has a 
cross-handle and a plain apple-shaped pommel. The kneecaps, 
as has been already mentioned, are of plate. The spurs are of the 
straight or prick kind. The hands are covered with gloves of chain 
mail, the narrow leather strap fastening them round the wrist being 
quite visible. Apparently the gloves were without fingers, but this is 
not certain. The border round the stones supporting the figures has 
a quatrefoil ornament, which is repeated on the belt and baldrick. 
The feet in each case rest on a lion with some animal in its mouth. 
At the head and feet of these knights are stones bearing coats of 
arms,^ but not necessarily having any connection with the figures. I 
am unable to explain how they came to be placed here. They are 
in couplets and are eight in number, four being on triangular-shaped 
stones and four on flat ones. Those on the triangular stones are : 
Or^ on a bend sable three eagles argent^ Sir Robert de Mauley,^ 



* See Fairholt's Costume in England 
(Dillon), ii., 4, and Hewitt's Ancient 
Armour^ i. , 245-252. The latter writer, 
quoting a French authority, states that 
instances of ailettes on monuments in 
France are very scarce. He mentions 
three, dated 1322, 1331, and 1 341. At 
the siege of Carlaverock, in 1300, Robert 
de Tony wore a white coat and ailettes 
and a white shield and banner, with a 
red maunche. 

** Robert de Tony 

Blanche cote at blanches aiettes, 

Escu blanche et banniere blanche 

Avoit a la vermeille blanche." 

{Siege of Carlaverock (Nicolas), 42). 

^ The following is the description of 

these arms from contemporary heraldic 

rolls, all edited by Sir Harris Nicolas, 

from the Roll of the reign of Edward 

IL: — *'S. Robert de Maulee, de or, a 

une bende sable, en la bende iij egles de 

argent (p. 61). S. Wauter Faucounberge, 

de argent, a un lion rampaund de azure 

(p. 11). S. Nicholas de Meynil, de 

azure, a ij barres gymiles de or, od le chef 

de or (/bid.). S. Robert de Colevile, de 

or, a une fesse de goules, en le chef iij 

rondels de goules (p. 60). S. Thomas de 



Colevile, de or, a une fesse de goules, en 
la fesse iij lioncels de argent (p. 96). " In 
the Roil of the reign of Henry III. (p. 1 1), 
** Piers de Maulee, de veirre a la manche 
de goules;" and in that of the reign of 
Edward III. (pp. 12, 13), '* Monsire 
William Malbis, d'argent, a une cheveron 
de gules, a trois testes de bys rates gules. 
Monsire dc Sigeston, port d'argent, a une 
egle espanie de sable, a double teste, 
beke et pedes de goules." In Powell's 
Roll temp. Edward III. (The Reliquary^ 
N.S. iv., 95), Sir John Sigeston has a 
red eagle. 

^ In Nicolas' s Roll of Arms, temp, 
Edward II. (p. 61), Sir John de Mauley 
had three white dolphins on the bend, 
and Sir Edmund three white wyvems, 
whilst Sir Peter (Ibid.^ p. 95), the head of 
the family, bore the bend undifferenced. 
Sir Edmund, who was slain at Bannock- 
burn, has a monument to his memory in 
Bainton Church, near Driffield. The 
black bend seems to have descended to 
the Mauleys from the Fossards, from 
whom they inherited Doncaster and 
Mulgrave. The original Mauley coat 
was, Vair a maunche gules (Nicolas^s 
Roll of Arms y tanp. Henry III., p. 11). 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



137 



coupled with Argent a lion rampant azure, Faiiconberg of Rise and 
Skelton^ ; and Vair a maunche gides. Mauley of Mulgrave, with Azure 
three bars gemelks and a chief or, Meynell of Whorlton. The arms 
on the flat stones arc : Or, a fess gules, and in chief three torteaux, 
Colvillc of Arncliffe and Dale, coupled with Or on a fess gules three 
lions rampant argent, Colville of Coxwold' ; and Argent a chevron 
between three hinds' heads erased gules, Mai bis of Hawnby and 
Scavvton^; and Argent a double-headed eagle displayed sable, Sigston 
of Sigston/ 

Besides these there are the following modern monuments. Over 
the pulpit is a marble monument with the following inscription : — 

Sacred 

To the memory of 

William Mauleverer Esquire 

Of Arncliffe 

Who died the 27th of March 1857 

Aged 69 years. 

Also of 

Helen his wife 

Who died the 6th of September 1859 

Aged 79. 

Arms : Mauleverer, impaling quarterly i and 4, Argent, a chevron 
gules betiveen three boars^ heads erased azure, Abercromby of 



^ These arms were assumed by the 
Faucoiibcrgs as the senior representa- 
tives of the Bruces of Skelton. Their 
own arms were : Or a fess azure and in 
chief three pallets gules {Archicologia, 
xxix., 418), which appears on stone on 
the side of the cast window of Guis- 
brough priory church. 

^ The true connection l)ctween this 
family and the Colvilles of Dale has not 
occurred to me. In addition to the 
striking similarity in their arms, they 
possessed the manor of Halikeld, in the 
jxirish of Sigston, where the Dale branch 
were the superior lords. In 13 14 Sir 
Thomas dc Coleville, knight, the owner 
of Ilalikcld, and Mabilla, his wife, had 
a grant from bishop Richard de Kellawe 
of four acres of the bishop's moor at 
Allerton (Northallerton), called Bulle- 
houmore, now BuUamoor, which lay 
between Alverton and Sigston {R^gistrum 
Piilat. Dunelm.^ Rolls Series, II., 1 254). 

^ These arms were afterwards assumed 
by the Beckwiths, who represented the 

VOL. XVI. 



Mai bis family. The Colvilles held Dale 
of Mai bis, as of the manor of Scawton. 

* It would l)e interesting to know what 
induced a family of small Yorkshire 
squires to assume the insignia of the Holy 
Roman Empire. If, as seems not un- 
likely, the Sigstons were paternally 
Colvilles, the eagle may be a punning 
reference to Arncliff. Black double- 
headed eagles are found in the window of 
the north aisle of Kirkby Sigston Church, 
but not heraldically aisposed. In the 
same place are the Colville arms, and 
also Argent a cross gules, and in the 
chief quarters two crescents of the second. 
This last also appears on a loose stone. 
It is not quite certain to whom these arms 
belong. In Mr. Th. Jenyn's Booke of 
Armes (Tlu Antiquary, 1., 208), John 
Wassand bore argent a fess and two 
crescents gules, **d*argent a une fees et 
deux cressantz de goulcs." The crescents 
are tricked in chief in another version. 
In the same window are paly argent and 
x}r, over all a saint three quarters length. 
I'his last may possibly not be an heraldic 
bearing. 



138 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Birkenbog ; 2 and j, Argent a lion passant guardant guUs, crowned 
with an imperial crown proper^ Ogilvy, Lord Banff.* ^ 

On the east side of the hall pew is a similar monument, with the 
following inscription : 

Near this place lie the remains 

Of Thomas Mauleverer Escf 

Obit^ 27th of April 1785 

Aged 66 years. 

Also the remains 

Of Sarah Pawson his wife 

Obit i3lh of July 1810 

Aged 77 years. 

Also of Frances their fourth daughter 

Obit nth of January 1827 

Aged 66 years 

Also of Mary their fifth daughter 

Obit 1 6th of May 1833 

Aged 66 years 

Arms : Mauleverer alone. 

On a brass p'ate on the south side of the same pew is this 

inscription : — 

Sacred 

To the memory of 

Cieorgina Helen Brown 

wife of 

Douglas Brown Esq., Q.C., 

and youngest daughter of 

William Mauleverer Esq. 

She died on the 22nd of October 1879 

Aged 56 years. 

Also of the above 

Douglas Brown Esq Q.C. 

Formerly Recorder of Kings Lynn 

He died on the 29'^ June 1892 

Aged 72 years. 

1 Mr. William Mauleverer married heiress of William, eighth and last Lord 
Helen, daughter of Sir George Aber- Banff. 

O™^' eldef dlSer 'oT A.e'L^dTr! J, ^"'^ -"^ '» « -S'^ 'P^" 'trough. 
seventh Lord Banff, and sister and 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 139 

To the south-east of the church lies the enclosed burial place of 
the owners of Arncliffe, which was the chancel of the old church. It 
has been enlarged of late years.^ There are numerous escutcheons 
on the tombs, one bearing nine coats in rows of three, but none can 
now be decyphered but two, one with a fess, and the other a chevron. 
In the north-west corner is a slab with two coats, the sinister or 
female side being Colville. Besides metal plates bearing inscriptions 
similar to those already noted, the two following deserve record : — 

I ask't and had what I desired for ever, 

I sought and found celestiall joy for ever, 

I knock't and heaven was opened unto me 

And there I rest in god eternally : 

All that desire to find eternall rest 

Do as I have done and be for ever blest. 

This Epitaph of Elizabeth Mauleverer senior was made by 

her selfe i8** January 1661, who died 22° Maij 1674. 

Tho: Mann Eboraci sculp'. 

May Grace Brown 

Wife of William Brown Esq. 

Born May 10*^^ 1855 

Married Jany iq*-^ I 

Died Oct. 3i«* i ^^^"^ 

Near the Mauleverer vault are two medieval monuments, both of 
stone, one with a slightly curved surface on which a cross has been 
roughly picked, the other is three and a half feet long by three-quarters 
broad, with a sword, having no guard, carved on it A portion of 
a pre-Conquest sepulchral monument, not unlike a small coffin in 
shape, with a rounded top, has been sent from here to the York 
Museum. 

In connection with these monuments, it will be convenient here 
to refer to one now in the library of the Dean and Chapter of 
Durham, which is of a much earlier date than any of those mentioned 
above. It was found some forty years ago in a cam or hedge-bank, 
which was being dug down for the purpose of building a wall round 
the upper end of the hall garden. It forms one of the class 
technically known as hogbacked stones. It is of an oblong form, 
made of the ordinary sandstone of the district, 4 feet 3 inches long, 
i^ feet high, and 10 inches wide at the base, tapering gradually to a 

^ The person buried in the grave imme- 23, 1833. She was one of the Prestons 

diately adjoining the Mauleverer vault is of P'lasby, and was related to the 

Harriet Dorothy Preston, spinster, who Mauleverers through the Wilberfosses. 
died at ArnclifTe, and was buried October 



140 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

blunt ridge at the top. At either end is a demi-bcar embracing 
the stone between its paws, with its mouth muzzled. On both 
sides is the same device, consisting of three runic knots. An 
engraving of a monument of the same type is given as a frontispiece 
to Cutt's Sepulchral Slabs and Crosses, from Heysham in Lancashire. 
Among the old stones at Brompton near Northallerton are two or 
three very similar to the Arncliffe one. It is somewhat difficult to 
assign a date to this monument. Perhaps somewhere between the 
years 800 and 900 will not be very far from the mark. The 
sculpture seems too good to permit of a much later date. 

In 1658 it was declared that it had been the custom for time 
without the memory of man, for the church-earth fence of Ingleby- 
under- Arncliffe to be made and maintained by the inhabitants, each 
fronf making and upholding three yards and two inches from the 
court-wall corner towards the lane. And as the wall from the said 
court-wall to the west end of the dog-kennel had been repaired by 
Timothy Mauleverer, which should have been done by the inhabitants, 
they agreed " from henceforth to make and maintain so much of the 
said church-earth^ fence, according to the said proportion of three 
yards and two inches for every front (Robert Robinson beginning), 
from the north-west corner of the said church-earth fence along the 
lane towards the east, as shall be equivalent in measure to that 
which the said Timothy Mauleverer hath now made as aforesaid." 

The value of the living at present is only ;^38 a year without a 
house. Even when combined with that of East Harlsey (with which 
it was held for over a century by three generations of the Steele 
family, the Rev. R. J. Steele, of East Harlsey, being the third in 
succession), the united income of the two benefices does not exceed 
;;^ioo a year. There is however a parsonage house at Harlsey. 

From a Book of Receipts for tithes and oblations for the years 
1620 to 1630, we learn that then the parson was literally passing rich 
(if such are rich) on a little over ten pounds a year. His income 
appears to have been derived exclusively from the small tithes and 
Easter offerings. The oblation or offering customarily given by each 
person was two pence. Hay was tithed at two pence an oxgang. 
Ploughs, kine, fowls, and swarms of bees paid a penny a piece, calves 
half that amount. Pigs were mulcted in a disproportionate sum. 
The widow of Mr. William Mauleverer had to pay 25. 6d, in 1628 

1 A front ox frontstead is the site on called *' common rights" {North Riding 
which a house stands or formerly stood, Records^ v., i<)6n). 

which had been built at a sufficiently ^ This term is not at all uncommon 

early date to carry with it what are amongst Yorkshire wills of the sixteenth 

century. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



141 



for three pigs. Geese, turkeys and ducks had also to pay their dues, 
and lastly for chrisoms' a sum of sixpence was payable. Amongst 
the greater tithes, which went to the lay rector, was one on fleeces 
which were valued at eighteenpence apiece. In 1629 the value of 
the tithe corn for the parish was ;^i3 8^., there being twenty-four 
bushels of beans at 36^., nine of barley at 18^., fifty-six of oats at 
;;^3 5 J. 4^., forty-four of wheat at ;^6 12^., and ten of maslingin at 
26s. Sd,, the last being a mixture of rye and wheat sown together, 
now generally called maslin or meslin. 

Another manuscript book gives the details of the parochial 
expenditure for the years 1588 to 1628. It may conveniently be 
divided into two parts, ecclesiastical and civil, the former being 
disbursed through the two churchwardens, and the latter through the 
constable. Let us first take the ecclesiastical part. As their name 
imports the churchwardens' first duty was to look after the fabric of 
the church and all connected with it, and see that it was kept in a 
proper state of repair. The building with which these churchwardens 
had to do, was of course the old church, which had been built in 
Norman times. "Mending the church" in some way or another is 
an item of very frequent occurrence in these accounts. Thus in 
1599 two shillings were expended on the repair of the steeple and 
porch. Slates were the most costly amongst the materials required. 
They had to be brought from a considerable distance, probably from 
Westmoreland, and skilled labour was necessary for fixing them on 
the roof. In 1595 a new roof was placed on the church, and when 
it was reared the workmen had i4d, given them to buy ale and 
bread with to celebrate the event. 

In the winter time the roof was packed tightly inside with moss 
to prevent the snow driving in under the slates. The picking of this 
moss gave employment to the infirm poor of the parish. In the 
tower or, as it was then termed, the steeple, hung the bell, apparently 
a solitary one. Sixpence was expended in 16 14 on mending the 
bell-tongue, and once the bell-wheel required looking to. But if the 
bell itself was seldom out of repair, the "strings" or ropes with 
their traces by which it was pulled were constantly wearing out, and 
hardly a year passed by without money being spent on them. In 



* It was directed by the First Prayer- 
Book of Edward VI., 1549, that after the 
child had been baptized, "the minister 
shall put upon him his white vesture, 
commonly called the CArisom, and say, 
' Take this white vesture for a token of 
the innocency, which by God's grace in 
this holy sacrament of baptism is given 



unto thee ; and for a sign whereby thou 
art admonished, so long as thou livest, to 
give thyself to innocency of living, that 
after this transitory life thou mayest be 
partaker of the life everlasting.' " When 
a woman was purified she was directed to 
offer her chrisom, and othtr accustomed 
offerings. 



142 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



1603 they could get no new string, so they had to ** eke out the 
bell-strings with two traces." The church door, which was strengthened 
with iron bands, was hung on " crooks," and fastened with a lock 
and bolt. The windows were glazed, but whether it was from the 
bad material or the inferior workmanship, or perhaps both, they 
required constant repair, so that the " glazoners " must have found 
frequent employment. Except the choir which was paved with 
sepulchral slabs, the rest of the floor was of earth. The pews seem 
to have been kept in repair by their occupiers ; at least there is only 
one mention of the forms, which were footed at a cost of 2d. It 
seems most probable that there was no pulpit in the church until 
1 6 14, when one was made and set up at a cost of i6s. When they 
did get one the people determined that it should be handsomely 
arrayed. Its door was fairly hung on gimmers.^ Three yards of 
" valoure "^ were bought for ten shillings to cover it with, besides two 
yards of buckram at 2od.^ and four yards of fringe for a trimming. 
The "quishinge" was of silk, and a shilling was laid out on a yard 
of fustian for a covering. It took two fleeces to stuff" it, and like 
the pulpit it was trimmed with fringe. The making-up the pulpit-cloth 
and cushion cost another shilling. And lastly overhead, probably 
suspended from the ceiling, was the pulpit-cover or sounding board. 
The great church-bible, which would be chained to a desk, at times 
demanded repair. In 1589 it had a new cover, and ten years later 
it had to be mended again. This bible was replaced by a new one 
in 16 14, no doubt a copy of the authorized version now in use, 
which was first published in 1611.^ This was a very expensive book, 
costing 43^. 4^., sixpence being charged for the carriage ; considering 
its great weight very moderate. The communion table was covered 
with a linen cloth, for which 2 J yards of linen were required, and 
the sacramental wine was given in a pewter pot. The wine was very 
cheap, two quarts only costing a shilling.* The bread generally cost 
a penny each communion. The Holy Communion seems to have 
been celebrated three times a year, Christmas or New Year's Day, 
Easter, and the King's Day, that is the day of his accession, which. 



^ "Gimmers for the pulpitt, i8r/.," is 
the entry in the original. The word 
implies that the hinges were in couples. 
See s.v. "gimbals," in Skeat's Etymo- 
logical Dictionary of the English 
Language. 

2 Velvet. From the French ** velours." 

•^ In 161 2 Bishop Jewell's works were 
bought for 25 J. (xi. 



* May I, 1614. "Churchc wardens for 
2 quartes of wyne for a communion, 
\2ii.\ fetching it, 2^/." The price seems 
excessively low, only three pence a pint. 
In 1617 the wine cost \2d.y and in 1613 
9^/. Earlier it was cheaper. In 1604 a 
sum of four pence was expended on wine 
for communion, but in Septcml>er, 1614, 
tiic bread and wine for the communions 
on November 5 and Christmas amounted 
to \\d. 



INGLEBY ARNCIJFFE. 



143 



in James I.'s time was the 24th of March. After Gunpowder Plot 
there was a fourth communion on November 5th. For the washing 
of the surplice, or as it is once called " the church gear," two pence 
was allowed annually, while the surplice itself cost six shillings. 

This about concludes what had to be done by the churchwardens 
in relation to the church and its belongings ; but besides such matters 
as these they had other and even more important duties to fulfil 
Twice or thrice in the year they had to be present at the archdeacon's 
visitation, which was generally held somewhere in the neighbourhood, 
as at Stokesley or Guisbrough, but occasionally as far as twenty or 
thirty miles away, at Helmsley or Kirkby Moorside. At the visitation 
the churchwardens had to present the Articles,^ and give in the 
entries for the year from the parish register on parchment, which were 
sent on to York. The register itself was written on the same material, 
and there are divers entries for buying parchment to enlarge it. 
Unluckily it has disappeared, although a chest with a couple of locks 
and iron bands was bought in 1605 to preserve it and the other 
parish papers. 

To give an idea of the civil expenditure of the parish it will be 
best to take the portion for the summer of the year 1588. This is 
the earliest account extant, and is in a fair state of preservation. It 
has peculiar claims on our attention, as at that particular time the 
Spanish Armada was off our coast, and some of the entries refer to 
the preparations which were being made to repel the invaders in case 
they should land. It is given in full for the period named, the 
only change made being the substitution of Arabic for Roman 
numerals : — 

A note of all charges the Constable^ haythe laid forthe for the 
Demesnes and the Town sense May 25 till July 21, 1588. 

Cunstable's Charges to Stoxlay (Stokesley) 4^. Once to Gisbrughe 8^. 
Five men to Barnebee Moor^ 35". gd. For oyling a callever* id. 



* As these Articles are often referred to 
and difficult to meet with, I have printed 
them in the Appendix, No. i. 

2 At this period the Constable was an 
official elected annually by the parish. 

^ For the muster and training at 
Barnaby Moor, near Guisbrough. The 
usual place of meeting was Seamer Moor, 
near Scarborough. The number of 
soldiers sent from this parish was tliree. 

^ '* Caliver." A light kind of musket, 
or harquebus, fired without a rest, intro- 
duced in the reign of Elizabeth. It 
derived its name from the calibre or width 
of its bore. Edmund Yorke during this 
reign writes: — "Before the battle of 



Mounguntour (Moncontour, 15 ), the 
princes of the religion caused several 
thousand harquebusses to be made, all of 
one * calibre,' which was called * harquc- 
buse de calibre de Monsieur le Prince ;' 
so I think some man not understanding 
French brought hither the name of the 
height of the bullet of the piece, which 
word * calibre ' is yet continued with our 
good canonniers" (Maitland's History 0/ 
London). **In 1578 there were 7,000 
* calivers ' in the Tower. Twenty-eight 
early specimens of this arm are at 
Penshurst, some dated 1595. The length 
is 4ft. loin., the barrel 3ft. 6]in." (Fair- 
holt's Costume in England^ ed. Dillon, 



U4 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Trayning money lOi". Quittans for it 4^. One Tickett* 4^. One sheaf 
of arrowes* 2S. 6d, One quarter black clothe 6d. Reparing- the beacon 
2S, lod. One Cote of plate^ i^s. Concerninge poor ^s. 2d, To W™ 
Hewth(waite) for a Sallett^ 2S. To him for a swerd 2S. A dagger ltd. 
To widow Richardson for a swerd 2S, To W"* Wetherell for a dagger 
i^d. For a lether to hing"^ the flask in 2d, Setting a chea[p]* on a 
dagger id. Armorer of Stoxlay t^s. To W'" Thomas for stocking the 
gun 2S. (>d. To James Sander for mending the gun and nales 
wanting, lod. Cunstable's charges, Trinity Even and 5 and 6 of 
June i2d. One yard of harden "^ td. Two swerd girdels i2d. At 
plate-cote burning^ id. Carrying it to OUerton (Northallerton) to Ric. 
Mothersall id. Lether for the archers jerkings (>s. lod. One Eraser® 
2d, To Ric. Ward for mending the gun 2d, For making the cote of 
plate 3J. Sd. Canvasse threde, wax, and roselU^ 4^. Covering the 
skull agane^^ gd. One dagger iSd. Armorer of Stoxlay 2od. Mowldes^^ 
6d. Constable's Charges at Stoxlay, 15, 22, and 29 of June, and two 
dayes at Ollerton, 20^. Two lyninges, threde, and woll, to the headpece 
^d. Making the j irking /[d. Cunstable for going once to Runckton, 
twyse to Pottoe, twyse to Swainebee, twyse to Scarthe Wodd, td. To 
Tho. Wilson for a swerd scaberd 8d. To Oliver for sheathing a 
dagger 3^. To Ric. Ward for the gun 2d. Carrying it id. Poyntes"^^3</. 



ii., 109). In 1609 the parish bought a 
musket with its rest, as at that time ihey 
required support when being fired ; and 
** bandelears," that is, little cases of wood 
or tin, each of them containing the charge 
of powder for a musket, and fastened to 
a broad band of leather, which the person 
who was to use them put round his neck. 
The band itself is also frequently termed 
a bandoleer {Halliivell^ s. v. ** bandoleer"). 
In 1 6 16 a good deal had to be done to 
the musket. It required a new rammer- 
wand, rammerwand head, and spring, 
and the clock, probably meaning the 
mechanism, had to be dressed. Another 
time wrest nails or screws to the gun had 
to be gotten from the smith at North- 
allerton. 

1 Meaning uncertain. 

2 Two bowstrings cost two pence. 

3 Dressing the armour is a not 
unfrequent item. 

* Or salade, a light helmet. 

^ To hang. Simply a mode, and <nn 
ancient one, of pronunciation, cf. Hing- 
lock. The flask was, of course, for 
powder. 

^ Later on 14//. was paid for making 
a scabbard and two "cheapes." The 
cheapes, or chapes, were the plates of 
metal at the point of the sheath or 
scabbard. Chaucer uses the verb in th e 



Canterbury Tales (Prologue, 368) — 
**Here (their) knyfes were *ichapud' 

nat with bras, 
But al with silver wrought ful clene 

and wcl." 
■^ A coarse linen fabric used for making 
wrappers, etc. ** Hards," coarse flax, the 
refuse of flax or hemp (Atkinson's 
Cleveland Glossary ^ s.v. "harding"). In 
these accounts we find it used in making 
caps. 

^ Burnishing. 

^ A guard for the arm used by archers, 
to prevent the friction of the bowstring on 
the coat. 

i<^ Rosin. " Rosina, rosyle," Nominate 
MS., XV. Century (HalUwell). 

^^A steel cap. **To Simmond, for 
mending the stele capp, 2^." Sept. 21, 
1588. 

^ 2 Moulds for casting or running bullets. 
In 1625 "a bandileir and mooldes" were 
bought for 2s. 8r/., and 6s. expended on 
powder and shot. Generally they made 
their own bullets, and from the frequent 
notices of payments to the saltpetre man 
it would appear their own powder too. 

13 "For pointes, 3^/." July 6, 1589. 
Probably the prickers used for probing 
the touch-hole— represented, I believe, 
still in certain parts of an ofiicer's 
uniform: as in ** shoulder-points with 
longer taggs than " another's, from Beau- 
mont and Fletcher (J. C. A., in North 
Riding Records^ ii., 309). 



INGELBY ARNCLIFFE. 



145 



In addition to the duties above specified, and to those usually 
performed nowadays by the constable, he was employed in many other 
ways. He was a very important agent in the administration of the 
old Poor Laws, and was constantly engaged in forwarding persons 
through the parish to the next constabulary on their way to their place 
of settlement. Under these laws, which were in force until the reign 
of William IV., a person had no right to relief from the parish unless 
he had been born there, or resided there a certain number of years. 
The question whether a pauper had acquired a right of settlement 
was a source of constant litigation, and no method was left untried 
to prevent a person likely to come on the parish residing long 
enough to become entitled to relief. This forwarding paupers must 
have been a troublesome undertaking, especially when they were 
cripples or "distract^" persons. In these cases the constable was 
allowed to hire a horse to carry them. Persons with passports also 
had a right to relief Some of these travellers must have had strange 
tales to tell. Not the least wonderful would those be which were 
related by four persons, who passed through the parish in 1617 on 
their way from Jerusalem.' Soldiers too had to be set forth, that is 
clad and armed, to France and Ireland, where war was going on 
during most of Elizabeth's reign. The constable's chief duties outside 
the parish were "voiages" to Stokesley, always called Stoxlay, where 
he had to be present at the Pettit, Statute, and High Constables' 
Sessions. Once in 16 13 he was at York at the Syse (Assize) week, 
and once it is recorded he attended the Sheriffs turn or court. The 
parish itself was not without the means of inflicting punishment on 
delinquents. There were stocks with a hinglock or padlock to them, 
where offenders could be confined; and in 1601 the terrors of the law 
were further increased by the erection of a whip-stock, by means of 
which a very economical and favourite method of punishment could 
be carried out. Another of the constable's duties was to raise the 
hue-and-cry after any criminal, whether started in his own parish, or 
crossing it whilst trying to escape from another. His remuneration 



^ ** Impatient of my absence, 

And grief that young Octavius with 

Mark Antony 
Have made themselves so strong : — for 

with her death 
That tidings came ; — with this she fell 

'distract,' 
And, her attendants absent, swallow'd 

fire." 

— Julius Casar^'w. iii., 152-156. 

The word '* abstract " was used in the 
same sense in Yorkshire in 1534 — *' In so 



mych that the seid poorre woman at this 
day is not well in her niynde, but 
*' abstract " and almost madde, they did 
so cruelly order hir ( Yorkshire Archro- 
logical Jourfial, xv., 89). 

2 In 1406 William Smyth of Ingylby 
under Arneclyfe gave 6^. 8^. to a man to 
go on a pilgrimage to St. Thomas of 
Canterbury, or more if necessary (J^eg. 
Test.y iii., 268). A most interesting paper 
on the subject of pilgrimages in medieval 
times might be compiled from the wills at 
York. 



140 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

on such occasions was a penny, and lie was entitled to call on all 
persons to come and assist him in his endeavours to effect a capture. 
With a brief notice of the taxes and charitable donations given by 
the parish, we shall have mentioned the more important items contained 
in the book. After the multiplicity of taxes which our modem 
civilization inflicts upon us, it is quite refreshing to see with how 
little our ancestors managed to get along. The rate for bridges was 
the heaviest item. This with pensions and contributions to subsidies 
pretty well exhausts the list. Lame soldiers, hospitals, and the 
prisoners for debt in the King's Bench, Marshalsea, and York Castle, 
received help. This seems to have been a compulsory charitable 
relief, as it occurs every quarter, and probably the same may be 
inferred of the money given in 1603 to the people in Langbargh 
infected with the plague. This is the only time any reference is 
made to this terrible and, at that time, common scourge. Most of 
the charity was given to persons provided with briefs, which stated 
the grounds on which they were deserving of assistance. Unfortunately 
these accounts rarely go into details. Fire and shipwreck were the 
most ordinary causes of misfortune. In 1610 a man named Morrell 
got relief on the ground that he had been spoiled by the " Dunkirkes," 
probably meaning pirates from Dunkirk, at that time a Spanish 
possession. In the same year money was given to the building of 
Huntingdon Church, most likely Huntington near York, and in 1602 
relief was sent to Barton-on-Humber, which had been burnt. In the 
same year, 1617, that help was given to the travellers from Jerusalem, 
a sum of ten i)cnce was contributed to the relief of the settlers in 
Virginia.' In 1621 forty shillings were paid to a benevolence, that 
is, nominally a voluntary gratuity given by subjects to their king, but 
in reality a tax or forced loan. In consequence of the abuse of this 
method of raising money under the first two SteNvart kings, it w^as 
ordained by the Petition of Right (1628), that no man should be 
compelled to make any loan, gift or benevolence, without common 
consent by act of parliament. After Mr. William Mauleverer's death 
in 1618 the accounts were ill kept and are imperfect, the interesting 
entries becoming very fe\y and far between. In 1690 Mr. Timothy 
Mauleverer paid poll-tax for himself, wife, sister, and four children. 
In 1692 the parish contributed j£S js. 6d. as their quota tow\ards the 
sum of ;^i, 75 1,702 i8j. voted by Parliament for carrying on a vigorous 
war against France. Five years later a rale of jQ^ w^as laid on the 
[)arish to help to pay for carrying "the soldgers' artillery from 
Allerton to Stoxley," which would have to pass through the village. 



^ *• A lay made May i, 1 617 .... To Virginia, \d. 



>> 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 147 

The registers commence in the year 1659, but the earlier pages 
are very much rubbed. Beside the entries relative to the Mauleverers, 
which have been utilised in the pedigree of that family given below, 
there is only one item worthy of notice. " (The Banns of) William 
Metcalfe Esq. and Mrs. Hanna Marwood, daughter of George 
Marwood Esq./ was published the 26th of Aprill, y^ 3"^ of May, and 
on y® 10 of May, in the close of publique worship in the parish 
church of Ingleby-under-Arncliff in y^ yeare 1657."^ 

The list of the chaplains and curates of Ingleby Arncliffe given 
below is unfortunately very imperfect, more especially after the 
Reformation. The Archbishops' Registers at York give no assistance 
on this point, as up to a late date the Incumbents were only 
Perpetual Curates and not Vicars, being licensed by the Archbishop 
but not inducted. By an Act passed at the instance of the late 
Bishop Wilberforce, these Perpetual Curacies have been designated 
Vicarages; a very regrettable and confusing change, which has 
destroyed an historical association without in any way improving the 
position of the Incumbent. The names of the earlier Incumbents are 
given on the authority of the Arncliffe MSS., chiefly Manor Rolls. 



Vicars of Ingleby Arncliff. 

Robert was parson of Arncliff and Heslarton about 1170 (see 
page 126). 

William of Whorlton (Weruelt'), chaplain, was a witness with 
Robert Ingeram, Philip Colevil', Stephen Guyr, John de Meignill', 
William Ingeram, John Ingeram, and others, to an undated charter, 
by which Hugh Curur granted to William de Owdeume a bovate in 
Ingleby, formerly belonging to the donor's father, Roger the Forester. 

John Toiner of Ingleby, chaplain, had a grant from Robert de 
Colville of Arncliff in 1333, of all the lands Colville had in Ingleby 
beyond the ditch, and all the pasture on both sides. He was still 
chaplain in 1337. 

William, the chaplain, occurs in 1368. He brought an action in 
1373 i^ ^^^ manor court of Arncliffe against John Hirde, for allowing 
his beasts to trespass on his land and destroy his hay to the value 
of 5^. By agreement he was awarded one shilling for damages. He 
at the same time recovered six pence from the same defendant, 

^ Mr. Timothy Mauleverer had married * In 1754 was buried Thomas Black- 

Elizabeth Metcalfe, a sister of the bride- burn, fisherman, who had been drowned 
groom. The Marwoods of Ikisby, who • tVi T hi R W 
are paternally Mctcalfes, descend from 
this alliance. 



148 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



whose cattle had been destroying the grass in the churchyard 
(erbas cimiterii)^ during the four previous years. (Arncliffe Manor 
Rolls,) 

Peter de Harlsey (Herlissay), chaplain, was attacked in 1391 
for two beasts found amongst the corn, and was fined two pence. 
{Ibid) 

John Hewson occurs in the Manor Rolls between the years 
1396 and 1405. 

John Banaster of Ingleby, chaplain, released in 142 1 to William 
Mauleverer and Joan his wife, all claim to the manor of Arncliffe- 
under-Blakamore, the vill of Ingleby-by-Arncliffe, and the manors of 
East Heslarton and Lutton, in which he had been enfeoffed by Sir 
John Colville.^ 

Thomas Ker, chaplain, and John Huthwaite, of Ingleby, granted 
in 1422 lands in Ingleby-by-Arncliffe, Harlsey, and Sawcock to William 
Pemberton, barber, and Elizabeth his wife, relict of John Lowick, of 
Ingleby. 

Peter, the chaplain, occurs in the Manor Rolls between 1433 
and 1438. In 1435 ^^ ^^^ fined two pence for allowing his stag, 
that is a gelding over a year old, to feed with the lord's horses in 
the pastures below Alexander Hill. At the same court he was 
ordered to keep his servant Andrew Skot in good order (in bona 
regula custodire\ or to send him out of the lordship, under a penalty 
of looj. Skot had been making himself objectionable by assaulting 
his neighbour, William Redlee, and others, for which he had to pay 
a fine of 12^. Probably national jealousy was the cause of the order 
against the chaplain's servant. At the same time an order was made 
commanding the tenants of the manor not to lodge or board 
Margaret Skot, most likely a relative of the above-named Andrew, nor 
give her refreshment (reficiat) by day or night within the lordship, 
under a penalty of 2 ex., but to carry her to the constable to be 
placed in the stocks (cepis) until she should find sufficient sureties 
for her departure (abieccione). Later on in the same year the chaplain 
was presented at the Manor Court for breaking the plebiscite made 
by his neighbours, " vt de gubernacione vnius freihfeld in tempore 



aueriorum. 



li 



^ The followinp; note, inclorsc<l on a 
draft (Iced relating to St. Helen's, Auck- 
land, dated 146S, gives the parson's 
kinship : — *' By trewe inquisicion of law- 
fulle and trewe cristcn men, and by 
dedez, munimentez, infeoffamentz, and 
other mony evidence, it is fonden that 
yer wos Johan Banastre of Walton, 
wich hade issue Rio' Banastre (and) 
Johan Banastre, his brother; the wich 



Johan was sum tyme preste dwellyng at 
Inglebe and Ameclyflf m Clevelond. The 
wich Ric' had issue Laur' Banastre of 
Allhani, his heyr ; the wich I-^ur' hade 
Thomas Banastre his heyr ; the wich 
Thomas hade and base Ric' B. his heyr. 
So at the forsaydc Johan Banastre and 
Ric' Banastre, son of Thomas Banastre 
aforsaide ar of kyn and blode at the first 
and the fowrt." 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 149 

John Thorpe was presented in 1439 at the same place for 
breaking the rule of the plebiscite against the Statute of ByrhalP} In 
1440 he was defendant in three suits of trespass on the land of 
John Brawby. In one of these suits the plaintiff alleged that his 
garden, which had been sown with linseed, had been damaged by the 
chaplain's young pigs to the value of 2s. Thorpe was also presented 
at the same time for selling beer contrary to the assize. 

Robert Smyth was presented in 1443 for having his buildings 
in bad repair. In 1445 a cottage formerly in the tenure of Robert 
Smyth, was let to Thomas Roter at 2s. per annum. 

Roger Moreby was witness in 1444 to a charter of John Majre, 
of Yngilby-under-Arneclyffe, granting lands in the same place to Robert 
Jakson and William Barbour. In 1448 he and John Plummer were 
presented for having twenty animals and horses in the lord's several 
{separali) in the Kirkloninges, Alexander Hill, and the Falgh' Field. 
In 1 45 1 he was witness to a charter by which William Pemberton, 
barber, and Elizabeth his wife, relict of John Lowick, of Ingleby-by- 
Arncliffe, granted to Thomas Lowick, son of the said John and 
Elizabeth, and to Joan, daughter of the said Thomas and Isabel, 
formerly his wife, lately deceased, lands in Ingleby-by Arncliffe, Harlsey, 
and Sawcock 

John Thornhill was fined 3^. in the Manor Court in the 
summer of 1460, for unlawfully taking firewood from the lord's wood. 
His house was also in disrepair, but it was found by the jury that 
it ought to be repaired at the lord's cost, as John Hall, the fornver 
tenant, had paid 3^. 4^. for damages. 

John Con was fined 6d, in the autumn of 1460 for his servant, 
who had taken firewood from the Newhagg. In 1462 he was fined 
a penny for letting his pigs run in the corn of Jady Joan Mauleverer. 
Still chaplain in 1465. 

John Smith "cappellanus parochialis de Ingilby," and \Villiam 
Maynerd of the same place, granted in 1467, to John Ma)Tr (son of 
William Mayr late of Ingleby, and heir of John Mayr his grandfather), 
and to Matilda, his wife, a toft with a croft called Lawmp' Hows. 

Sqwier, chaplain, occurs in 1475 {^^^or Rolls). 

Henry Trenholme was a tenant of the manor in 1479. In 
February 1489-90 he was fined 6d. for having in the common field 
two beasts beyond his proper number or stint (extentam)} 

^ Perhaps Byrvall', a word of doubtful Sir Thomas Browne's Re^igio Medici^ 

meaning ; bul, like the word by-law, SecL 23 — ** Men's works have an age, 

something to do with the law regulating like themselves ; and though they outlive 

the by or township. their authors, yet have they a *' stint " or 

2 Common without stint, common period to their duration." 
"sans nombre." The word is found in 



150 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Richard Lokwode, chaplain, fined i2d. in 1495 ^^^ ^^t cleaning 
out his part of the Cardyke. 

Henry Mody, chaplain, took a cottage and three fronts from the 
lord of the manor in 1498 for three years, at 65. Sd. per annum. 

William Howgyll, chaplain, occurs in 1524. 

Richard Robinson, chaplain, in 1537. 

Henry Watterton, chaplain, in 1540. As curate he was witness 
to the will of William Fillop of Inglebie-Arnecliff, dated October 20, 
1546, who desired to be buried in the "churche earthe" there. 
Proved March 5, 1546-7 (J^eg. Test, xiii. 267). 

Richard Robinson, clerk, successfully defended an action of debt 
in 1 58 1, as surety of Robert Wilkinson, against Brian ^ogox i^Manor 
Rolls). Occurs as witness to a deed dated 1584. 

John Hewit, "curate of Inglebie-Arncliffe, clerke," made his will 
on February 9, 2 Jas. I., 1604-5. "My soule to Almighty God, 
trustinge in the death, passion and bloudshedinge of my saviour, 
Jesus Christe, his sonne, who hath redeemed me, to be receaved and 
accompted amongest the number of the true electe children of God, 
and my bodie to be buried in the church, where yt shall please God 
to call me from this transitorie world. To the person or minister 
who shall burie me xij^., and to the fower men which carrieth me 
to my buriall, iiij^. every one of them. To the poore people which 
shall come to my funerall xiijj. iiij^., to be divided amongest them 
equally at the discretion of iiij honest and substantiall men of that 
place, where yt shall chaunce me to be buried. My master, William 
Bate,^ oweth me of my wages for these last two years vj//. xiijx. iiij//. 
at the leist, and all reckenings that he can charge me with made 
clere, of which I give him xx5., yf he pay the rest without sute." 
He mentions his sister, Alice, sister's son, Thomas Hillam, of Acaster 
Malbis, executor, and John Hewitt the younger. Will proved 
December 31, 1605 {Reg. Test.^ xxix. 743). 

1708^ — Peter Alcock on the nomination of Sir William Foulis, 

Bart. 

17 15 — John Nicholson. 

1722 — Philip Kitchen. 

1736 — John Hudson on the nomination of William Cooper Esq. 
He had been curate of P'aceby 1730-6 (Graves's Cleveland^ p. 157). 

1 The lay rector. 

2 Flora this point to the year 1782 Mr. Graves, in his History 0/ Cleveland 
(p. 127), is my authority. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



151 



His burial is entered in the East Harlsey Registers. " The Reverend 
John Hudson forty-eight years minister of this parish, and fifty years 
minister of the parish of Ingleby-ArncHfle, died on the 13th and was 
buried on the 17th of June, 1782, in the 85th year of his age." He 
took a marriage at Arncliffe on April 4 before he died. 

1782 — Jonathan Steel, nominated by Cooper Abbs, clerk. Buried 
at East Harlsey, July ir, 1806.^ 

1807 — Alexander Bayne. Went to Kilham in the East Riding. 

1 8 14 — W. Richards. 

181 7 — Jos. Hodgson. 

181 8 — Jonathan Walkden Steele. Buried at East Harlsey. 

1855 — Richard Jackson Steele on the nomination of the Rev. 
Cooper Abbs. 

The history of the parish, as is generally the case, commences with 
the Great Survey. Who the Ingialld- was to whom the parish owes 
one of its names, we have no record. He, or more probably a fellow 
Dane, gave his name to Ingelby Berwick, otherwise Ingleby-Loreng^ or 
Cold Ingleby, and Ingleby Greenhow, all in Cleveland. Arncliffe is 
repeated in the Arncliffe Woods near Glaisdale Station, well known to 
Whitby visitors, and in a parish in Craven. The meaning of this 
name is not difficult to determine. The latter half of the word 
explains itself. The first comes from the Norse am*, an eagle, which 
kind of birds, or perhaps it may only have been large hawks, made 
their nests in the rock above the hall. The name of the place 
Egglescliffe, a few miles northwards across the Tees, has an entirely 



* Mr. Steele, who took pupils, and, 
amongst others, Dean Rams ly, of Edin- 
burgh, had assistant curates to help him 
in his work. John Wilson occurs between 
the years 1798 and 1803, and Mark 
Longbotham 1S05-6. 

2 In the curious account of the coloniza- 
tion of Iceland in the eleventh century, 
contained in the Landnama-bok^ three 
places are mentioned, which derived their 
designation from a person of this name. 
They are Ingialklsgnupr, Inj^ialldsandr, 
and Ingialldshvall, meaning respectively 
Ingialld's hill, sand, and valley. The 
name was a very common one amongst 
the Norsemen, as, for example, in the 
Saga of Burnt Njal, one of the most 
prominent characters is Ingialld, son of 
Hauskuld the White, who dwelt at the 
Springs. The name lingered on in North 



Yorkshire until the fourteenth century. 
In a return to a grant of a fifleenlh to 
Edward I., in the 30th year of his reign, 
I find three instances of it, but clearly is 
then becoming obsolete, never being the 
name of a living person, only of a tax- 
payer's father ; thus Robert, son of Ingald, 
is named in Snainton, and Thomas, son 
of Inlaid, in Swinton, in the parish of 
Ma sham ( Yorkshire Lay Subsidies, 30 
Edward I., Yorkshire Record Series, 
57. 98). 

3 Also written " Loerenij." It derived 
its name from William Loreng, who gave 
land in Caldengleby to Guisbrough 
Priory early in the reign of Henry III. 
{Guisbrough Chartulary, i. , 96). Loreng 
means an inhabitant of Lorraine. 

^ Erne is still the name of the white- 
tailed eagle. 



152 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



different meaning, and has no possible connection with the imperial 
bird.» 

In Domesday (1086-7) we get the earliest mention of Ingleby 
and Arncliffe, which at that time were separate manors, the former 
being the west of the parish and the latter the east. They were at 
that date still in the king's hands. The following are the entries 
relating to them : — 

Manerium. In Englebi Malgrin vi carucates ad geldum. Terra 
ad iii carucas. xxs. 

Manerium. In Gerneclif Malgrin ii carucatas ad geldum. Terra 
ad dimidiam carucam.- 

This means that Malgrin held two manors under the king, rated 
respectively at six carucates and two carucates apiece. The carucate 
contained a variable quantity of land depending on the quality of the 
soil, but we have evidence^ that in Ingleby-Arncliff it was reckoned 
at 120 acres, so that at the time of Domesday there were about 960 
acres which paid the Danegeld. Like the rest of Cleveland, and 
indeed all England north of the Trent, these manors were waste, but 
the Commissioners declared that under more favourable circumstances 
there was work for three plough teams in Ingleby, and for a half 
team in Arncliff. The normal number of oxen employed to draw a 
plough, such as is referred to in Domesday, was eight, so that thirty 
oxen would be required to do the work in the parish. The twenty 
shillings at the end of the Ingleby entry refers, I believe, to the 
value of the manor in the reign of the Confessor, inclusive perhaps 
of the manor of Morton in East Harlsey, which immediately precedes 
it. Besides Ingleby and Arncliffe Malgrin had manors in West 
Harlsey in the parish of Osmotherley, and in Morton and Bordleby, 
now Mount Grace, in the parish of East Harlsey, and perhaps in 
Smeaton. 

In another portion of the book (fo. 85) Englebi and lerneclif are 
comprised in the wapentake of Allerton, although at a period very 
little later than Domesday, and ever since, they have been reckoned 



1 The spelling of Eaglescliffe, un- 
luckily adopted by the North-Eastern 
Railway Company, has been very power- 
ful in propagating this error. The word 
is derived from a Norse personal name, 
Eggir or Uggr, and is found in Eggleston 
(there l^eing two places of that name 
higher up the Tees) and Ugthorpe, near 
Whitby. The word *' uggr " means fear, 
and it is from the same root we get the 
words "awe" and "ugly." Bishop 
Latimer uses the obsolete word ' ' ug- 



») 



some, ' meaning fearful. *' An ugsome 
thing and an horrible image must it nedes 
be that is brought in by such a thyng so 
hated of God, yea this face of death and 
hell is so terrible, that suche as hath bene 
w)'cked men had rather be hanged than 
a byde it" {Seven Sermons before Edward 
V/.y Arber's Edition, p. 187). 

"^ Domesday (Facsimile Edition), fo. 6b, 

^ See p. 127 before, and Guisbrd' Char- 
tulary, ii., 285. 



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INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



157 



in Langbargh. In this place it is stated, but probably erroneously, 
that there was only one carucate in Arncliffe subject to the tax. 
instead of two as mentioned above. Some time after the Great 
Survey was made, but almost certainly early in the reign of Henry I., 
the royal possessions in Ernecliue and, Englebia were given to Robert 
de Brus, who at the same time received a large number of other 
manors, chiefly situated in north-east Yorkshire.* The Bruces, and 
their descendants, the Fauconbergs and Conyers, continued to be the 
tenants-in-chief of I ngleby- Arncliffe until after the conclusion of the 
middle ages. At first it was held by the mesne tenant by knight 
service, he rendering such services as were due for half a knight's 
fee, where the knight's fee consisted of twelve carucates, and paying 
5 J. lod. to the king's bailiff for the fine for the wapentake of 
Langburgh. The manor was held of the castle of Skelton-in- 
Cleveland, which became the caput baronict of the Bruce fee after 
the castle at Castleton near Danby was deserted.^ Later the tenure' 
by military service was converted into socage, which was equivalent 
to freehold, and the only rent payable to the chief lord was a pair 
of gilt spurs or 8^. 

From the time of the grant to Robert Bruce till towards the 
close of the twelfth century, the history of the place remains a blank. 
Some time in this century a family named Ingram became possessed 
of the manor as subfeudatories of the Bruces. The earliest mention 
of the Ingrams in connection with the place occurs in the grant of 
the advowson of the church to the priory of Guisbrough, by a charter 
printed before on p. 126, which may be assigned to about the 
year 11 70. The family of Ingram, or as it was then more usually 
written, Ingelram, Ingeram or Engeram, was descended from William 
Ingram, who held a carucate of the bishop of Durham at Werbeshal 
about 1090.'* A person of the same name, probably his son, gave a 
carucate at Ayresome to Guisbrough when the priory was founded 
in 1 1 19.* By the pedigree on pp. 154-5 it will be seen that the male 
line of. this branch of the family became extinct in the last-named 



^ The entry commences thus — ** Hie 
est feudum Rotberti de Bruis, quod fuit 
datum postquam liber dc Wintonia 
scriptus fuit (fo. 70)." The writing is 
perfectly different from that ordinarily 
found in Domesday, and may, from the 
style, l)e as late as the middle of the 
twelfth century. 

^ Kirkbys Inquest, Surtees Society, 
xlix., 126. 

^ Ifiq. p. m. of Sir William Mauleverer, 
knight, taken at Wetherby on September 
30, 5 Edward VI. (1551). 



* This is, I apprehend, High Worsall, 
on the Tecs, in Aliertonshire. The entry 
occurs in a confirmation by William 
Rufus to bishop William of St. Carilcf, of 
certain lands belonging to the see of 
Durham. ** In Werbeshal i car. et dim. 
quam tenuit Hclrandus fil. Forni, et 
mode tenet Willelraus Ingelram " {Libtr 
Vitity Surtees Society, 77). It is very 
probable that Werbeshal is a misreading 
or mistake for Werkcshal, the usual 
medieval form. 

^ Guisbro' Chartttlary, i. , 5 ; ii. , 302. 



158 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICiVL JOURNAL. 



William's son John, whose daughter and heiress Adelina married 
Robert fitz Erneis. This last-mentioned William Ingram was 
undoubtedly the paternal uncle {patruus) of the donor of Arncliffe 
Church to Guisbrough Priory, who is the earliest known member of 
that line. The family continued here until shortly after 1272, but 
there is little to record of their deeds. Walter Ingram and his son 
William were generous benefactors to the neighbouring religious 
houses at Guisbrough, Byland, and Rievaulx. A memorial of most 
of these donations appears in Burton's Monasticon Eboracense^ but none 
of them however calls for particular mention. The escallops in their 
arms^ clearly show that some member of the family had been a 
pilgrim to St. James of Compostella in Galicia. It is quite possible 
that when Peter de Brus II.* went to the Holy Land in 1240 and 
died at Marseilles, he was accompanied by his good knight and 
retainer Robert Ingram, who returned home by the north of Spain.' 
This inference is curiously confirmed by the existence of the wild 
tulip {tulipa sylvestris) in the hall gardens. That plant occurs very 
sporadically in England, and is believed to have been introduced 
from the south of Europe or the East. Robert Ingram occurs as a 
witness to deeds of the three persons named Peter de Brus/ who 
were in possession of the Barony of Skelton between the years 1199 
and 1270. This long period of time makes it possible that there was 
more than one person bearing the name of Robert Ingram, but of this 
there is no proof. If there was more than one, the first Robert 
was living as late as 1246, when he confirmed an agreement made 
in the reign of John between his father, William Ingram, and Thomas 
de Dale and Idonia, his wife, about lands in Dale." This same 
Robert had a grant from Henry III. in 1255 of free warren in his 
demesne lands in Heslerton, Dale, and Arncliffe.® The relationship 



^ *' Robert Ingram port de ermyn une 
fees de goules et trois cokils d'or en la 
fees" is the entry in a Roll of Arms, 
attributed to the reign of Edward III., 
printed in the Collectanea Topo^raphica ct 
Genealogica^ ii. , 328, which is confirmed 
by another roll of the same reign, edited 
by Sir Harris Nicolas (p. 25). In Mr. 
Thomas Jenyns' Roll the "cokils" or 
escallops are tinctured argent {The 
Antiquary, i., 90). These rolls, though 
of later date than the Ingram family, 
contain matter relating to an earlier 
period. 

^ Excerpta c Rotiilis Finium, i., 332. 
Afofiast icon Anglican unif vi., 267. 



^ The cockles were also worn by 
pilgrims who had been to Mont Saint- 
Michel, whence the French proverb, 
" Vend re ses coquilles a ceux de Saint- 
Michel ;" something like our saying about 
taking coals to Newcastle. 

* Gttisbro^ Chart iilary, ii., 120, 133, 
162. 

^' Yorkshire Fines, John^ Surtees 
Society, xciv., \\n. 

^ In 1293 his heir, William de Colevile, 
was summoned by the King to shew 
under what title he claimed free warren 
in the above-named vills as well as in 
Ingleby, and amends for the breaking of 
the assize of beer there, and at Thimbleby 



INGLEBY ARNCLIPTE. 



159 



between John Ingram, the last male of the family, and his predecessor 
Robert is not clear. He seems to have had possession of the estate 
only for a very brief period. The manner in which Arncliffe passed 
from the Ingrams to the Colvilles is not certain. According to an 
old pedigree, printed in the Appendix,' it was through the marriage of 
Robert Ingram's daughter, Ingelisa,* with Philip de Colville. It should 
be his sister, as it is very unlikely that a man who was alive shortly 
before 1270, would have a daughter grown up and married for the 
second time in 1208. 

The Colvilles, who succeeded the Ingrams in the possession of 
Arncliffe, seem by their armorial bearings^ to have been a younger 
branch of the baronial family of the same name, which was settled 
from an early period at Bytham Castle near Stamford in Lincolnshire.* 
The earliest ancestor of the Arncliffe line is a certain Philip 
Colville, who held the offices of chamberlain and seneschal or steward 
to the celebrated Hugh Pudsey, bishop of Durham, from 1153 to 
1 195. So pleased was the bishop with the way he discharged his 
duties, that he gave him as a reward for his good services, Thimbleby 
and Ellerbeck in the parish of Osmotherley, and Foxton in thai of 
Sigston, all in Allertonshire, which then formed part of the possessions 
of the See of Durham.* Very early in the thirteenth century 



and Sigslon. As to the free warren, 
Colevile stated that he claimed it under 
the charter above referred to, and asserted 
that his ancestor had enjoyed the other 
liberties from before legal memory. There 
was a dispute as to whether Ingleby was 
included in Arncliffe, Colevile alleging 
that it was, and that Ingram had it in his 
possession when the grant of free warren 
was made (P.R.O., Yorkshire Assize 
Rolls, N. I, 16-2, fo. I, and Placita de 
quo warraftiOy 203). The original charter 
of free warren, with the royal seal 
attached, though in a somewhat dilapi- 
dated condition, is still in existence 

1 No. 2. 

^ The only other occurrence of this 
name I have come across is in Lincoln- 
shire, where Ingeleis, wife of Daniel, had 
land at Langton, in that county, in 1202 
{Lincoln Records. Final Concords, i«>46). 

3 In Nicolas's Roll of Arms of the 
Reigfi of Edward III, (pp. 24, 25), Sir 
Simon de Colvil bore a golden field, with 
a red fess simpliciter. These l^earings, 
Colvill, lord of Cokewald (Coxwold), 
differenced by placing three white lions 
on the fess, and Sir William de Colvill, 
by three white crosslets boton^e in the 
same position, whilst Colvill of Dale 
added three torteaux or red roundels in 
chief to the original coat. 



* The family of Wake by their arms, 
Or two bars gules and in chief three 
torteaux, show that they were originally 
either subinfeudatories or otherwise 
closely connected with the Colvilles 
[Ibid., p. 36). 

^ I have not been able to discover the 
original grant by bishop Pudsey, but there 
is an early confirmation at Durham by the 
prior and convent, probably made in the 
bishop's lifetime. ** Omnibus presens 
scriptum visuris vel audituris, prior et 
conuentus Dunelm. salutem in Domino. 
Noueritis nos ratam et gratam habere 
illam donacionem et concessionem, quam 
venerabilis pater, dominus Hugo, Dei 
gracia Dunelm. episcopus, fecit Philippo 
de Coleuilla, militi suo, et heredibus suis 
in perp., pro homagio et seruicio suo, 
super villis de Thymelby et de Foxtona, 
cum omnibus libertatibus et aysiamentis 
ad predictas villas perl inenti bus, sicut in 
carta venerabilis patris, domini Hugonis, 
Dunelm. episcopi, quam diet us Philippus 
inde habet, plenius continetur. In cuius 
rci test, presenti scripto sigillum Capituli 
nostri apposuimus. Teste Capitulo nostro " 
{Durham Cathedral MSS. Miscell., No. 
486). Endorsed in a later hand, **Con- 
firmacio carte domini Hugonis episcopi, 
quam fecit Philippo de Coleuyl super 
villis de Chymelby {sic) et Foxton." 



160 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Colville gave to the hospital of St. James at Northallerton two 
acres of his meadow in Dribdale, nearest his property of Ellerbeck, 
on condition that he had leave to take water for his mill at 
Foxton, and make supports for his mill-dam in Ellerbeck.^ He also 
founded a nunnery at Thimbleby, dedicated to St. Stephen, about 
which very little is known.^ 

Of his son and grandson there is little to record, but his great 
grandson. Sir Robert Colville, was a personage of some importance in 
his day. He figured very prominently during the reigns of Edward I. 
and Edward II. in the long wars with Scotland. In 1300, when only 
an esquire, he was ordered to be present at the muster at Carlisle, on 
the Nativity of St. John the Baptist (June 24th), when efforts were 
being made to reap the fruits of the victory won the year before at 
Falkirk.^ For more than twenty years from this time his name 
continually occurs as a commissioner of array in the county of York. 
In 131 9 he was unable to act from illness, and his place was taken 
by Thomas de la Ryvere; but three years later he reappears in his 
old capacity. It is not quite certain whether he was present at the 
disastrous defeat of Bannockburn, but it is most probable, as he was 
a commissioner of array for the wapentake of Birdforth in that year 
(13 14), and would naturally accompany the troops he had levied to 
the field.* Such a high opinion was entertained of his abilities that 
in the critical times shortly preceding that fatal battle the bishop of 
Durham entrusted to his care the custody of " Norham's castled 
steep," a most important border fortress. His predecessor in the 
office of constable of this place was William de Gosewyke." He was 
twice summoned by Edward II. to give his advice on the arduous 
affairs of the realm. First in 13 12 at York, and again in 1324, when 
he was ordered to attend the great Council at Westminster. Like 
so many in the north he was an adherent of the popular Earl of 
Lancaster, and had to obtain the king's pardon for assisting the earl 
in putting Gaveston, the royal favourite, to death. He seems to have 
retained his predilection for this cause to a late period, as we find 
him in 1324 one of the sureties of Nicholas de Stapelton on his 
discharge from prison, where he had been confined for his adherence 

* Bodleian CharterSy Yorkshire, No. 87. ^ Parliamcutary IVrits, i. , 544. 

^ Yorkshire Archreological Journal, \\., ^ fh'fi " 

334. I there erroneously altributed the *' "'' '°5- 

foundation to the second Philip de Col- ^' Rcgistrum Palalinum Dun€lm,{Ro\\s 

ville, instead of to his grandfather, the Series), i., 543, and iv.,383. 
seneschal. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



161 



to Lancaster.^ In 131 7 he was in sufficiently good favour with the 
king to obtain a license to have a park at Arncliffe.^ It is curious 
that the inquisitions, which were taken on the subject of this grant, 
assert that there were to be 2,200 acres in the proposed park, which 
is an impossibility, as there are only 1,893 in the whole parish. His 
landed estates were very considerable. He was the sole lord of the 
manors of East Heslerton, East Lutton, Dale, Ingleby Arncliffe, 
Thimbleby, Foxton, and Kirkby Sigston, and joint lord of West 
Heslerton, West Lutton, and Knapton, in Yorkshire,' besides the 
manors of Budle and Spindleston, in Northumberland. 

In the year 1302 a return for this parish to a grant made by 
Parliament to the king in 30 Edward I.,^ of a fifteenth part of all 
moveable property in the kingdom, gives us the names of all persons 
who at that time had any chattels in Arncliffe. Except Sir Robert 
Colville there seems to have been no one then residing at Arncliffe of 
much wealth. Only two callings are mentioned, the reeve or foreman 
{prepositus\ of whom there were a couple, and a carter. Richard of 
Winton derived his name from a place so called in the parish of 
Kirkby Sigston, and not from Winchester. Henry of Hagerston was 
of Northumbrian origin, probably imported by the Colvilles from their 
property at Spindleston, whilst Richard of Rustun hailed from the 
East Riding. Altogether only eleven persons are mentioned, so that 
the population must have been but small. Still in proportion the 
amount per head was larger than in other places with more names, 
where the tax was more Hgorously exacted. In some cases as small 
a sum as i\d, was paid. 



1 Parliamentary fVrits, ii., 705. 

2 Inq. ad quod damnum, 10 Edward II., 
No. 6. There were two inquisitions taken 
on this subject. The first at York on 
February I4lh, 1 316-7, before Nicholas 
de Gray, the sheriff; the jurors being 
William de Mowbray, Richard de Skut- 
herskelfe, William de Wardehou, John 
de Hilderwelle, John, son of Thomas, 
Richard de Landemote, Richard, son of 
Ranulph, Robert de Neuby, Richard 
Maunsayl, John Olyver, Richard Wygote, 
and Edmund alte Kelde. The jurors on 
the second inquisition, which was taken 
on May 26th following, were — Thomas 
Sturmy, Richard de Landmotc, William 
de Merske, Robert de Musgrave, William 
de Wonerhew, Robert de Merske, 
Richard, son of Ranulf, Rol)ert de 
Foxoles junior, Roger, son of Robert, 
Galfrid de Thurkelby, John de Balne, and 



John de Boyville. In the reign of 
Edward III. Sir Robert de Coleville of 
Arncliffe petitioned the king for redress 
against some unknown malefactors who 
had broken into his park at Ingleby 
under Arncliffe, and taken away his stags 
and does ("ses dames ct daymes "), so 
that he had none left. For his remedy 
he was referred to the justices, ** assignez 
en trailbaston," in the county of York, 
namely, Geoffrey Lescrope, Ralph de 
Blaumustre, Robert de Scardeburgh, and 
Adam de Hoperton (Rotuli Parliamen- 
torum^ ii., 404, and Amient Petitions^ 
No. 780). 

3 Nomina Villarum, compiled in 1315- 
13 [6, and printed in Kirkby' % Ifujuest 
(Surtces Society), 314, 315, 322,329, 341. 

* Yorkshire Lay Suhfdies, 30 Edward 
I. (Yorkshire Record Series), p. 36. 



162 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Ingelby IUXTA 

De Roberto de Coleuile,* ... 

De Agnete de Coleuile 

De Ricardo de Wynton* 

De Geruasio 

De Ricardo Carectario 

De Henrico de Hagerston ... 

De Thoma preposito 

De Ricardo de Rustun 

De. Ricardo filio Simonis 

De Rogero preposito 

De Stephano de Ernecliue ... 

Summa 



Ernecliue. 

... xi)s. u}d, quad. 

iijj. \]d, quad. 

i]s. vd, quad. 

xvij^. quad. 

xvij^. ob. 

• .. ... ••• XXIlJcI. 

... iiijs, ob. 

xvij^. ob. 

i]s, vii}d. ob. quad. 

i'ujs. m}d, ob. 

ijj. xjd. ob. 

xxxviijj. vij^. quad.* 



The wealth of the family was further increased by the marriage 
of Sir Robert's son and heir, Robert Colville the younger, with 
Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir John Conyers, of Sockburn.' 
By this alliance they became possessed of the manors of St. Helen's, 
Auckland, in Durham, and West Rounton, in the North Riding. In 
1387 the rent-roll of Sir John Colville amounted to the handsome 
sum of ;^2i6 igs. iij^., being made up of the following items: — 
Arncliffe, ^^17 i6i^.;^ Thimbleby, ;^i9 3^. 3^.; Dale, ^^13 2J. 4//.; East 
Heslerton, ;;^2 2 165. id.\ East Lutton, ^^15 ijs. lod.; St. Helen's 
Auckland and Bishop Auckland, ;^26 loi. lo^^^.; Budle,' ;;^ii ys, ^d.; 
Spindleston, ;^i9 5^.; West Rounton, 8 marcs Ss. (^^5 145. Sd,); 
Clowcroft-in-Durham, a moiety, 1005.; Bishopton in the same county, 
;^4 ; free tenants holding by military service, ^^43 ; Irby,* 20 marcs 
(;^i3 6s. Sd.). 



^ He paid 6s. 4fi^., and Agnes de 
Colville, probably his aunt. lis. y^d.^ in 
Thimbleby and Foxton [Ibi'd.y 66). 

2 In I Edward III. (1327) Richard 
Foreman (pn-fositus) and William Breu- 
sler paid twelve pence to the subsidy, 
and in 6 Kdward III. (1332) Robert 
de Coleville paid 6s. &?.; Juliana, 
widow of Kobcrt Colvylle, 45. ; Richard 
Ilinde, 5^. 4^/. ; William le Breustcr, 
2s. 5jr/. ; sum, i8j. y\d. (P.R.O., 
Ex, Lay Subsidies ^ Yorkshire, N.K., 

211 211 . 

-^, m. 19, and — , m. 7). 

^ This marriage must have taken place 
al)out 1330, when Sir John dc Coyj^ners, 
knight, lord of Six:kburn, empowered Sir 
William de Hun(t)yngdon, rector of 
Sockburn, to deliver seisin of his mill 



with the suit thereto, and of his other 
property in Westnington, to Robert de 
Colvyle, son and heir of Sir Robert de 
Colvyle, and Elizabeth, his (the donor's) 
daughter. Eliz-alxith Conyers had a half 
sister, Pctronel, who married Robert 
Ilerle, and died without issue {Visita/ion 
of Yorkshire^ 1 584-5, p. 164). 

* This does not include the manor. 

*■' The land here and at Spindleston was 
divided into what were called husband- 
ries. Thus at the last-mentioned place 
John Yhonghuslxind held at 40J. a year 
**ij terras husbandr'." The rent of the 
capital messuage here was only 2s. 

**• In the i>arish of West Rounton. Col- 
\nllc was not to get the ''dominium dc 
Irby" until the death of Joan Irby. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 163 

This time of prosperity proved but of short duration. That 
"famous rebel and most valorous knight," as Sir John Colville is 
called in Shakespeare/ was tempted by the insecure title under which 
Henry IV. held the throne, to join in one of the numerous attempts 
to upset his rule. The rising was speedily crushed, and Colville, 
with Archbishop Scrope, Lords Mowbray and Hastings, and the other 
leaders in the rebellion, suffered death as the penalty of their 
ill-concerted treason. Shakespeare- makes Colville surrender himself 
prisoner to Sir John Falstaff, who was in no small degree elated at 
his victory. The worthy knight described it in his exultation, "I 
have foundered nine score and odd posts : and here, travel-tainted as 
I am, have, in my pure and immaculate valour, taken Sir John 
Colevile of the dale, a most furious knight and valorous enemy. But 
what of that ? he saw me, and yielded ; so that I may justly say, 
with the hook-nosed fellow of Rome, *I came, saw, and overcame.'" 
As a matter of fact we are entirely ignorant of the name of the 
person who made Sir John Colville prisoner. The rebellion began 
in May, 1405, in North Yorkshire, at Topcliffe and Northallerton, and 
in Cleveland, where some seven or eight thousand men were 
assembled together under the leadership of Sir John Fauconberge, 
Sir Ralph Hastings, Sir John Fitzrandolf, and Sir John Colville.^ 
The rebellion was soon crushed, and Hardyng in his chronicle states 
that they were beheaded at Durham* ; — 

"The lord Hastynges at Duresme was then take. 
The lord Fauconbridge together in company, 
Sir John Colvile of y® Dale and his make,® 
Sir John Ruthyn,^ that knights were full manly 
To th' erle of Northumberland openly. 
Were headed at Duresme foure vpon a daye. 
And to Werk worth remeuid in grete araye." 

The exact date of his execution at Durham was August 20, 1405." 

1 2 Henry /F., Act iv., 3. ^ Sir John Griffith, according to another 

2 2 Henry IV., Act iv., 3. reading. 

^ Rotuii Pariiamefi/orHm^\\\.^(>0^,6T,i. ''On the authority of his Inquisitio 
^John Hardymr. Chronicle (metrical) post mortem (3 Henry V., No. 43) 
with continuation by R. Grafton (H. one of the Arncliffe documents, en- 
Ellis, 181 2), p. 363. See also John dorsed ** Recuperacio per Johannem 
StovPs Annals (London, 161 5), p. 333, Coluille Chr', facta extra manus 
who says the king was in Durham when domini Regis," places it on the 20th 
the rebels were convicted. of July, and the act of treason on 
5 His wife, or "make," was Alice, first of May. Shakespeare is in error 
daughter of John, lord Darcy. His when he asserts that he was beheaded at 
mother was Joan Fauconl)erg ; so he was York. The '* Recuperacio" is an order 
cousin to one of the conspirators. The from Sir Richard Redman, the king's 
word make is now represented by mate. cscheator, dated Monday after Ascension 
A similar change has taken place in the Day, 4 Henry V. Qune I, 1416), order- 
words bat (the flying mammal) and ing the restoration of the forfeited lands 
apricot, formerly bakke and apricock. to Sir John's grandson and heir, another 

John Colville. 



164 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



By his attainder his estates became forfeited, and were demised 
in 1409 during the minority of his grandson, John Colville, to Sir 
William Fulthorpe, the young heir's grandfather, at an annual rent of 
j£2g 6s, 2>d} The latter, on attaining his majority in 1415, took steps 
to recover his ancestral patrimony from the king, by virtue of an 
entail which had been created in 1376 in favour of his ancestor 
Sir William Colville and Joan his wife.^ This was very soon effected, 
and directly afterwards he hurried over to France, where Henry V. 
had just won the glorious victory of Agincourt. He only lived a 
short time, dying before October 31, 141 8, at Harfleur in Normandy. 
His wilF is dated April 27, 14 18, and was most probably executed 
in France whilst on some expedition. He seems to have had a 
presentiment of his approaching end, as he makes in it certain 
provisions about Sigston and other manors in case of his dying 
before his return to his hostel. Besides temporal matters his will 
provided for the establishment of a chantry in Arncliffe Church, which 
is referred to previously."* He also left an estate in tail male in the 
manors of Arncliffe and Heslerton, on the failure of a prior limitation 
in favour of his cousin, the younger son of John Wandesford, Esq., 
to John Colville, son of William Colville, son of Sir Philip Colville. 
According to the Colville pedigree, which is of very little later date 
than the will. Sir Philip Colville, who had a life-estate in Thimbleby, 
is stated to have died without issue. From this devise it would 
appear that the pedigree on this point is incorrect, and that Sir John 
was not the last male of the Colvilles of Arncliffe. 

On his death without issue his estates became divisible between 
his aunts and coheirs, Isabel, wife of John Wandesford, of Kirklington, 
and Joan, wife of Sir William Mauleverer, of Wothersome. In the 
partition of the Colville inheritance Arncliffe fell to the lot of the 
younger sister, Joan Mauleverer.*^ 

Sir William Mauleverer, the new owner of Arncliffe, was descended 
from a family long settled in the neighbourhood of Leeds.** The 
earliest ancestor I have been able to discover is William, son of 



ip. R. O., Parliamentary Petitions, 
No. 3398, and the Recuperacio. 

2 Inq. p. ni. , 3 Henry V., No. 43. He 
was aged twenty years and upwards on 
the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas 
the Martyr (July 7), 1414. 

3 Appendix, No. 3. 
*See p. 133. 

^ Appendix, No. 5. 

^ The name Mauleverer is said to mean 
** malus leporarius," or the bad hare- 
hunter, which name was given to the 
founder of the family from his having 



tried to course with three greyhounds 
coupled together, which not unnaturally 
ended in their Ijeing strangled. The 
greyhounds in their coat are a canting 
allusion to the supposed meaning of the 
name. The earliest mention of these 
arms occurs in an Heraldic Roll of the 
Reign of Edward II., edited by Sir 
Harris Nicolas (p. 96), where Sir William 
Mauleverer has attributed to him **de 
argent a iij leverers de goules." He 
would be one of the Allerton line, 
who generally bore the colours reversed. 






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^O M "O ^^'O C 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



169 



Robert Mauleverer, who had land at Potternewton in 1333. It is 
all but certain he was a scion, either mediate or immediate, of the 
AUerton Mauleverer house, probably through the Beamsley line, 
though there is no direct proof of the fact. The arms of the two 
families were very similar, the only difference being in the tincture of 
the field, which in the Allerton coat was gules, and in the Arncliffe 
and Beamsley one sable. The family remained poor and obscure 
until the close of the fourteenth century, when Robert Mauleverer, 
father of Sir William and grandson of the above-named William, 
advanced it by his industry and energy. In the civil wars in the 
reign of Henry IV. he distinguished himself on the royal side, and 
as a reward for good service done against Henry Percy, Earl of 
Northumberland, Thomas Bardolf, and the other rebels, he had a 
grant for life from the king in 1408 of the mills beneath York 
Castle, which were valued at ^12 a year. In the Mauleverer 
Chartulary,* which is a long parchment roll, are a number of deeds 
recording divers of his acquisitions. Amongst other places he got 
possession of Wothersome in the parish of Bardsey, whither he 
removed the family seat from Potternewton. He must have 
attained a very considerable age, as he was alive and of age as early 
as 1377, and did not die until 1443.^ 

His son, Sir William, who married Joan Colville, did not obtain 
his share of the Colville property without a contest. It appears that 
Sir John Colville had granted during the short time he lived, after 



In the same Roll (p. 94) a Sir 
John Mauleverer has for his bear- 
ings, •*de goules, od la chef de or, 
a un baston gobonne de argent et de 
azure." In 1584 the Mauleverers of 
Allerton quartered these arms. There 
can be no doubt these last-menlioned 
Mauleverers were the main line. They 
descended from a certain William Mau- 
leverer whose son Richard founded the 
priory at Allerton Mauleverer, in the 
reign of Henry If. Most probably they 
cnme from Maul^vrier, in the Department 
of Maine and Loire, and arrondissement 
and canton of Cholet, in La Vendee, 
which Henry IL inherited from his 
father, Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. There 
were some of the family living in Anjou 
as late as 1200, when King John gave 
William Mauleverer licence to marry his 
sister, Emma, to R^inald, son of 
Reginald de Castro Gunterii {Roluli 
Chartarum^ 70). There are two other 
places in France called Maulevrier ; one on 
the Seine, near Caudebec, in Normandy, 
whence they may possibly have sprung ; 



and another a castle in the Department 
of Sa6ne and Loire, and commune of 
Melay. Besides the Allerton Mauleverers, 
there was another family of the same 
name sealed at an early period at 
Beamsley, in the West Riding. They 
founded a chantry in Bolton Priory, 
where they and their representatives, the 
Claphams, were buried upright. Like 
the Arncliffe family, they bore a black 
field in their coat, which renders it 
probable that they were their immediate 
ancestors. 

1 The charters are arranged under the 
following places: — Clifford, More Aller- 
ton, Chapel Allerton, de terns Willelmi 
Brerelay in villis de Chapelle Allerton et 
Newton, Allerton Gledhowe, Neuton 
Potter, Dale iuxta Hawmby, Kerby et 
Folyfate, the tale [i.e. tail) of ye manor 
of Wodosom, Chapelle Allertun, Cordlay 
landes. The greater part of it was 
written about 1450, with additions some 
twenty years later. 

3 Visitations of Yorkshire^ 1 584 and 
16 1 2, Foster's Edition, p. 464. 



VOL. XVl. 



M 



170 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



he came of age, divers interests in his property to his relatives the 
Fulthorpes, although it is not easy to state with any accuracy what 
was their nature. Eventually the Fulthorpes were induced to confine 
their claims to St. Helen's, Auckland, which was afterwards held in 
thirds between them and the representatives of the two co-heiresses. 
The patronage of Ralph Neville, the mighty Earl of Westmoreland, 
was a powerful factor on the Mauleverers' side, in persuading their 
opponents to compromise the matter. Even with this help the 
proceedings lasted for many years and gave rise to a great deal of 
expense, so much so that Sir William was obliged to sell Kirkby 
Sigston,^ and was otherwise much crippled in his means. 

There is no need to refer particularly to any of his successors 
until we come to Sir William Mauleverer, who was flourishing in the 
reign of Henry VIH. He was one of those selected for the honour 
of being made a Knight of the Bath at the time of the marriage of 
Prince Arthur and Katherine of Arragon. The prospect of receiving 
this title, or rather perhaps of having to pay the fees which would 
have been incurred by accepting it, was a very unwelcome one to 
the proposed recipient, who was glad to pay ^^y los. ready money, 
which the king's necessities compelled him to accept, as a composition 
for the fine of j£i$ he ought to have paid, for a pardon "to be 
relissed from the order of the Bath at the marriage of my lord 
Arthur, late Prince." A dozen years later he was dubbed a knight 
by the Earl of Surrey on Flodden Field as a reward for his brave 



^ In an undated letter or petition to his 
worshipful cousinage (nephew), Edmoml 
Mauleverer of Wothersome, his poor uncle 
and namesake, Edmond Mauleverer, says : 
** My fader w* grete aventur and charge- 
able costage5 contenuyd his possession 
(that is, of the Colville inheritance) as in 
the right of my moder and hyr com- 
parconer; and or the feflfe5 myght be 
entretid to release vn to his possession 
(pa)yd ccc marke and more for the dettes 
of the seid sir Johan Coluylle, and (was) 
also put to grete labore and coste for his 
chargeable sute at London for ihe recouery 
in the Escheker, the Common Place, and 
other, of Bodelle, Spyndelstane, and 
Dale." This letter is on the subject of an 
annuity, which had been granted to 
the uncle by his father, Sir William 
Mauleverer, and which his nephew 
had refused to pay. One of the reasons 
he alleges why he had a claim on 
his nephew's goodwill was that he had 



prevented a marriage between him and a 
daughter of John of Thvvaytes, although 
300 marcs had been proffered as her 
portion, and had forwarded the match 
between him and his wife, "my right 
worshipfulle nece, doghter of my reuerent 
and fulle worshipfulle maister, Syr Jamys 
Strangways, knyght." To his argument 
that he ought to aid, support, and relieve 
his own children before any other, the 
uncle retorts that "it is not requesyte to 
amenysshe, or alestyue, nor take frome 
Petyr, and to releif or supporte Paule." 
I le also recalls to mind his promise to his 
(the uncle's) mother before her death, 
when she said to the young squire, "Son, 
5ee be my son and heyr, and also I 
helpyd to make youe a Kyrstynman', 
recordyng the holy sncraments of bap- 
tyme, perfowromde in your person." And 
that he made her full promise and behest 
to perform her desire, insomuch she took 
affiance of his hands. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



171 



conduct, when, as a contemporary ballad expresses it, he and so many 
more of his fellow north countrymen — 

"All dyd manlye ffyght 
By the helpe of S. George, owr Lady's knyghte."^ 

He was made High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 13 Henry VHI. (1521),^ 
and appears in all the Commissions of the Peace for the West 
Riding during the reign of that king and of his successor. During his 
lifetime the Mauleverers attained a higher degree of wealth and 
prosperity than at any other period As early as 1523 he had 
become a person of such importance and credit, that Henry Percy, 
Earl of Northumberland, judged it prudent to attach him to his party. 
This great nobleman, in addition to extensive estates in Northumber- 
land, was possessed of large landed property in Yorkshire, where his 
chief seats were the castles of Wressle, Spofforth, and Leconfield. 
To shew his good will to his heartily-beloved Sir William Malivory, 
he ordered the master forester of his game and the keeper of his 
park at Spofforth, to kill a doe of season within the park, and to 
give it to Sir William to make merry with on the twelfth day after 
Christmas, "bicaus of his louyng fauour that I perceyue he doith 
alwaies beare vnto me." He survived until 5 Edward VI., and died 
on August 10, 155 1, full of days, riches, and honour. Acquiescing in, 
if not agreeing with, the numerous changes in religion of those times, 
it would be interesting if we could ascertain what were his own 
opinions on this most important topic. His will, which was made in 
the strongly Protestant times of Edward VI., is very neutral, and 
would equally suit a Roman Catholic or a Reformer. Even the 
execution of his stepson. Sir Francis Bigod of Settrington,^ for his 



* Gentleman's Magazine (N.S.), ii., 
158, and Metcalfe's Book of Knights 
(Harleian Society), 56, 224. At the same 
time Sir Ninian Markenfield and Sir 
Christopher Danby, whose daughters 
Mauleverer's son and grandson respec- 
tively married, received the like honour. 
He himself married the sister of Sir 
Thomas Strangways, who was then made 
a knight {Book of Knights^ 57) ; and his 
great-grandson, William Mauleverer, 
married the descendant of Sir Richard 
Aldburgh, who was also present at the 
battle, but who had been knighted in 
Scotland by Surrey on an earlier occasion 
Gentleman's Magazine (N.S.), ii., 159, 
and Book of Knights, 31). 

2 The roll of accounts for the year of 
his shrievalty is still in existence. It is 
very dry and uninteresting. 



3 He was the author of a tract entitled 
'* A Treatise Concernynge Impropriations 
of Benefices," published about 1534. lie 
there styles hintself of Mogreve Castle, in 
Blakemore, i.e. Mulgrave Castle, near 
Whitby. There is a notice of it in Mr. 
Arber's Reprint of Sermons by Thomas 
Lever ^ p. 12, where the editor says: "In 
this farrago of creeds, Bygod calls Henry 
the 'supreme hed,' the Pope the *gret 
drassacke of Rome,' approves *of the 
preaching of the Gospel,' and yet talks of 
the * blessed Mass.' Notwithstanding all 
this, Bygod — apparently then a 'Six 
Articles ' man — could write to good pur- 
pose on his grievance. " Then is quoted a 
long passage, in which Bigod vehemently 
denounces the iniquity of impropriations. 
The author was hanged at Tyburn in 
June, 1537 (Froude's History of England^ 
iii., 193. Ed. 1858). 



172 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

participation in the Pilgrimage of Grace, failed to move him from his 
prudent attachment to the royal cause. Most probably in his heart 
he still remained a Roman Catholic, as all his immediate relations 
clung to the old faith. His son Robert bequeaths his soul to our 
lady Saint Mary and unto all the saints in heaven, as does also his 
son's widow, Alice Mauleverer. His second wife predeceased him, 
so we have no will of hers ; but remembering her eldest son's fate 
we can hardly believe that she had any sympathy with the religious 
changes then going on. Even as late as 1571, when Sir William's 
grandson. Sir Edmund, made his will, the family seems still to be 
Roman Catholic, but by the end of that century they had changed, 
and William Mauleverer, who died in 16 18, makes a strongly 
Protestant will. At a date as late as this a very large minority of 
the country gentry of the northern counties still remained Roman 
Catholics, and it required all the severity of the different Statutes 
directed against Recusants, to enable the Reformation to triumph. 

His Inq. p. w., taken at Wetherby, September 20th, 5 Edward VI. 
(1551), finds that he died possessed of the following estates, the 
manor of Arncliffe, with lands in Arncliffe, Ingleby and Westleys 
(Westlaythfield), the manors of Thorner, Dale Town in Hawnby, 
Manston, Wothersome, and Eltofts, with lands there and in Clifford, 
Bramham, Tadcaster, Potternewton, Hawkesworth, Drighlington, 
Adwalton, Clawcroft, Follifoot (Folifate), Newby-by Stokesley, Otley, 
Kirkby, held of Richard Stapleton of Carlton, I^eds, West Garforth, 
Church Garforth, and Austhorpe. Besides these Yorkshire properties 
he possessed the manors of Budle and Spindleston in Northumberland, 
one third of the manor of St. Helen's, Auckland, in Durham, and in 
right of his second wife, the manor of Eckington in Derbyshire. 

By a family arrangement the issue of his eldest son James, who 
were all females, were excluded, and the bulk of his estates descended 
to Edmund Mauleverer, the eldest son of his second son Robert, in 
whom the representation of the family continued. Sir Edmund's 
affairs soon became very much involved, but whether this arose from 
his having to buy his cousins out or from other causes there is no 
evidence to show. In his Inq. p. ;//., which was taken April 27, 
157 1, is a melancholy list of leases which had been improvidently 
granted to raise money to meet his necessities. His grandson, James 
Mauleverer, in one of his petitions to the Long Parliament, the draft 
of which is among the Arncliffe papers, attributed his grandfather's 
embarrassments to his having raised troops at his own expense in 
Queen Mary's time to fight against the Scotch. He also asserts that 
he took a town from them, the name of which is left blank. This 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 173 

statement is probably true, as Sir Edmund was knighted in the first 
year of Queen Mary (1553),^ and in 1558 Henry, Earl of Westmore- 
land, by a letter dated at Alnwick on the 23rd of August, ordered the 
Commissioners for levying footmen within the wapentake of Claro, 
to deliver to "Sir Edmunde Malleverey, captenne and conductour of 
c fotemen, in the king and quenes ma^^®* seruice northewardes," ninety 
footmen to be added to six from his own household, and four from 
his estates at Dale Town. 

At the time of Sir Edmund's death his son and heir, William, 
was a minor of the age of fourteen and upwards. His wardship 
ultimately became vested in his kinsman, Arthur Aldburgh of Aldburgh 
and Humburton, who married him to his daughter Eleanor, a lady 
some three years his senior and unable even to sign her name. 
Notwithstanding this disparity of age and education they lived very 
happily together, and had a family of fifteen children. She survived 
her husband some years, not dying until 1642. 

It was during this Mr. Mauleverer's lifetime that the greatest 
change which has happened in the material condition of the parish 
in modem times, took place ; namely, the extinction of the old and 
immemorial method of agriculture. Up to that time farming had 
been carried on under what is known as the common field system, 
that is, the parish fields were divided into a three-course shift, and 
each tenant of the manor had a piece or pieces of land allotted to 
him in each of the three different parts. If we take the case of a 
man with three acres, he would have three separate acres in three 
different localities, perhaps each at least a mile from the other. This 
again might be divided into smaller portions, and even if he should 
acquire more land within the manor by purchase or descent it most 
likely would not be contiguous to his own property. At Amcliffe 
the people anticipated the change to a more economical method of 
agriculture towards the end of the sixteenth century, whilst at Hutton 
Rudby,- a few miles distant, it did not take place till nearly fifty 
years later, and the numerous Enclosure Acts of the eighteenth 
century shew that the old system continued in vogue for nearly 
two centuries longer over a large portion of the country. At 
Amcliffe the change was made in 1595, when an agreement 
was entered into between the lord of the manor and the 
freeholders for that purpose. They give as their reason for 
taking this step the fact that the several grounds in the township 
were lying dispersed and the desirability of having their land 
together, that is, the tillage by itself, the meadow by itself, and 

* Metcalfe's Book of Knights, 109. ^ Yorkshire Archaohgicai Journal^ xv., 505. 



174 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

the pasture by itself; which they effected by mutually granting one 
another leases, perpetually renewable. Mr. Mauleverer was a very 
energetic magistrate, and from the accounts and papers he has left 
behind, it is very clear he was an excellent man of business. The 
parish book during his life is a model of neatness and accuracy. 
We can judge in what esteem he was held by his brother magistrates 
from an entry in the Quarter Sessions Rolls for the North Riding in 
i6i6.^ At that court an order was made to attach Christopher 
Lazenby, of VVhitwell-in-the-Whinnes, a man of very dissolute 
behaviour, for uttering and speaking "many raling and opprobious 
speaches against Will. Mauleverer esq., an ancient and renownd 
Justice o] Peace within the North Riding, that is to saie, that he, the 
said William Mauleverer, is a knave and a badd Justice of Peace, 
with manie other vile, scandalous, and leaud speaches against the said 
Mr. Mauleverer, which is not thought fytting by this Court to be 
tollerated and suffered without some [illegible^ punishment and reproofe 
in a man of so leaud condition as the said Lazenby is. And also 
the Court is informed by credible report that he useth daly to ride 
swaggeringe up and downe the cuntry with a pistoll charged att his 
girdle and a long staffe, and two or thre swaggeringe companions 
(like unto himselfe) in his companie with gunnes charged, to the 
terror of his Ma'^®* subjectes and ill example of others." Mauleverer 
was himself present as a magistrate, but as he did not sign the Roll, 
and it was merely an order to cause the accused to appear, the trial 
taking place at another court, the maxim, "Nemo debet esse judex 
in propria causa," would not be violated. 

Like most country gentlemen of the day he was well versed in 
heraldry and genealogy. His genealogical vagaries are worth a short 
notice. He drew up two accounts of his family. The one made in 
159 1, and vouched and signed "Per me Lancaster Harold at 
Armes," is, as Mr. Ix)ngstaffe truly observes,* "characterized by much 
of that inventive romance, which the less scrupulous ofificers of the 
College (of Heralds) in the reign of Elizabeth were too ready to 
encourage and practice." This pedigree commences with Sir Richard 
Mauleverer, who came over in the orthodox way with the Conqueror, 
and was by him appointed " Maister of y^ forests, parks, and chaces, 
Trent northward," a mythical personage holding an improbable office. 
Then follows a long genealogy with alliances that never took place, 

^ North Riding Record Society y ii., 135. ^ fjj^ Herald and Gettealogist, ii., 304. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 175 

and coats of arms before heraldry existed. So inflated did he become 
with the glories of his imaginary descent, that he burst out into his 
one piece of poetry : — 

Quiett in thy prosperity study thy self to show, 

For that, the more thow maiste, the more to do, thy dewty 

know. 
But if thy substans be but small, seke thy self to solase, 
Leaste thow in all mens eyes do seam to live in wretched case. 
Tell not of others profittes when thyne owne thow doste bewale, 
Leste thow a person envious be thoughte of ther availe. 
Love alwayes well to leame, nor of thy care lett it be moste. 
Of whom thow learnste, it is ynoughe that learnde away thow 

goste. 
That which thou knowes, to others who would leame it, do thow 

teache : 
Remember that thy learninge firste from others thou didst 

reache. 
And now, o Thaley,^ of our woorke an end I pray the make. 
To singe thinges more commodious thow, tyme to cum shake 

take. 
Grante perdon, gentill reader, if too farr I waded have. 
For but that she may profitt the, my muse doth nothing crave. 

Finis. 
Mensis Februarij die decimo quarto. Anno Salutis 1581. 

Etatis mee 24. 
per me VVill'm Malleuerer. 

The other "pettiegree collected and contrived out of myne auncient 
and newe evidences" in 1601, is perfectly accurate and duly supported 
with proofs in extenso for every generation. 

This "renouned Justice" was one of the few gentlemen of 
position and family in the county who managed to escape the then 
degraded honour of knighthood. It was so freely showered on 
unfitting persons, that many a one, as Bishop Earle remarks^ in his 
character of an Upstart Country Knight, " bare the king's sword before 
he had arms to wield it." A glance at the list of magistrates for 
the North Riding in the reign of James I. will show how large a 
proportion were knights — at many Sessions even a majority of the 
justices present. 

On his death the estates fell to his son James, who then was 
over 26 years old. There had been an elder son, William, who 
would have been the heir. In one of the pedigrees he is said to 

iThe muse, ''Thalia." 
2 Earle's Micro-Cosnwgraphie (Arber's Edition), p. 38. 



176 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^O LOGICAL JOURNAL. 

have been lost in London ; but in another place^ a darker fate seems 
to be hinted at. In this deed a remainder over is limited to him in 
case he be "alive and in the king's favour/' as though he had been 
outlawed or committed a felony. Nothing certain is known of his 
fate. 

At an early period in Charles I.'s reign James Mauleverer became 
involved in a quarrel with the Crown. When all the country was 
full of discontent at the various innovations introduced by the 
Stewarts, he was one of the very few, who, by strenuous resistance to 
what he considered illegal demands on the part of the Crown, 
prepared the way for the triumph of the popular party in the Long 
Parliament ; this, too, before John Hampden had raised the question 
of Ship Money. The question at issue between Mr. Mauleverer and 
the Crown was whether he should pay a composition instead of being 
knighted. In this, as in many of the supposed innovations introduced 
by Charles I., the letter of the law was on the king's side. There 
can be no doubt that in early times every one, possessing lands of 
40//. annual value, could be summoned to receive knighthood, or to 
pay a composition instead. If proof were wanting, Mr. Mauleverer 
might have found in his own charter chest, the composition 
mentioned before between his ancestor. Sir William Mauleverer, and 
Henry VII. It seems however to have fallen into desuetude long 
before this period, so that Mr. Mauleverer was morally, if not legally, 
justified in resisting the king's claim. He and his compatriot, Henry 
Moyser of Farlington, near Easing wold, met with small success in 
their bold attempt to defend their country's liberties. Forced at last 
to try and make a composition, he was obliged to go to the Court 
of Exchequer, where his plea, that living as he did 180 miles from 
Westminster, he had not had time to get there within the period 
limited by the proclamation for attendance, was peremptorily over- 
ruled, and his case referred to the Commissioners in Yorkshire, who 
speedily fined him ;^2,ooo and costs.- This, with the loss of the 
rents of his estates whilst they were in the king's hands, amounted 
to a very considerable sum. His wife told her brother, Matthew 
Hutton, "that in the beginning of these troubles which befell his 
estate for his knighthood money, he was in very little debt, and 
within two years he was forced to borrow several considerable sums 

^ The seUlement made November 27, Little Burne, in the county palatine of 
II James I., 1613, on tlic marriage of Durcsme, Marmaduke Wyvell of Rich- 
James Mauleverer and Beatrice, daughter mond, son of Christopher Wyvell of 
of Sir Timothy Hutton of Marskc, Constable Burton, esquires, and Francis 
knight. The lady's portion was ;ii"8oo. Pinckney of Nether Silton, gentleman. 
The trustees of the deed were : Thomas <, /> 7 w ^^ 1, .- 
Hutton of Poppleton, John Calverley of hnshworth s Colkctwns, n., 71. 135- 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 177 

of money upon hard terms, and felled much wood to his great 
prejudice. Besides he was forced (the better to follow this business) 
wholly to neglect his affairs at home and in other parts of his 
estates, which consisted much upon his own manning." In the 
beginning of the Civil Wars the debts were still unsatisfied. 

The king was equally severe in punishing any one who expressed 
sympathy with Mr. Mauleverer in his patriotic efforts. Sir David 
Foulis, of Ingleby Manor, a few miles from Arncliffe, was heavily fined 
for asserting at Sir Thomas Layton's house (at Sexhow), "That the 
said James Mauleverer was the wisest and worthiest man in the 
country, and that he was a brave spirit and a true Yorkshireman, and 
that none durst show himself stoutly for the good of the country 
but the said Mr. Mauleverer, and he was to be honoured therefore."^ 
When the Long Parliament met Mauleverer got justice for the wrongs 
done him. On the motion of Hyde, afterwards Earl of Clarendon, 
who made a speech on his behalf, he had a vote against the estates 
of the Barons of the Exchequer for ;^3,509, as a solatium for his 
sufferings. After such experience no one will be surprised at learning 
that he took the side of the Parliament, becoming a colonel in their 
service 

James Mauleverer seems to have been a man of a very specula- 
tive turn. He laid claim to the estates of the Markenfield and 
Strangways families, whose heir he asserted he was. He certainly was 
related to them, but as far as there is any evidence on the matter he 
had no claim whatever to represent either of these houses. One of his 
speculations caused him heavy loss. Shortly before the Civil Wars he 
bought the manor of Ayton in Pickering Lythe of Lord Eure, and 
also all his wood at Easthorpe-by-Malton. Hostilities commenced 
before he was able to fell and remove the trees, and the Royalist 
commander, the Earl of Newcastle, very naturally would not allow 
him to derive any benefit from his purchase. This threw him into 
great difficulties, as he had borrowed money to pay for the wood, 
and calculated on selling part of his purchase to meet his payments 
when they became due. Newcastle's veto upset this plan, and was 
one of the principal causes which led to his becoming bankrupt. 
He eventually died a prisoner for debt in York Castle, leaving no 
assets. 

Notwithstanding his sanguine and speculative disposition it is 
impossible not to like and respect him for his kindly, patriotic 
disposition.' The following letters could only have been written to 

1 //5/f/., ii., 216. braines, Silkewoorme, Pesgod, Make- 

^ The following are the names of ihe shifte, Twitchlxjll (Earwig), Pepperboxe, 

horses he had on March 25, 1639 : — Sugerlippes, Honni Combe, and Canon- 

Catchpowle, Clegg of Cleveland, Buck- ball. 



178 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



and by one whom his relatives regarded with trust and affection. 
Their probable date is about 1630. 

Good Nephew, 

After my kind respect to you and all yo« remembred, this is to 

intreate you to certefie me by this bearer, whether you haue spoken w*^ 

your kinsman touchinge the motion you propounded to me concerninge 

his daughter, or not. For that my brother S' Talbot is verye desirous 

to knowe what successe it is likelye to haue, in respect that he thinkes 

he weakens verye fast; yet is desirous (if it pleaseth God), to see my 

Sonne bestowed before his death, and hath diuerse times moued me 

to send vnto you concerninge that businesse, w^h I was loath to haue 

done, knowinge too well your too manye occasions at this tyme. 

But I feared he should haue thought I had too much neglected the 

good of my owne child. Wherfore I desire you to lett me knowe 

your minde by this bearer in two wordes, and I shall be euer redye 

to requite your love, wherein I am able. Thus committinge you to 

Godes mercifull protection, I rest now and euer. 

Yo' assured loueinge Aunt 

Anne: Bowes. 1 
Addressed : — 

To the wor" my assured 

Loueinge nephew James 

Maleuerye Esq' att 

Arnecliflfe these 

present. 

The seal, a good deal broken, bears a quiver of arrows. 

His answer is as follows : — 

Most loving Aunt, that the occasion yo" named stoped so longe for 
an answer was my being att Yorke att the Assizes, wher I mett w^** my 
Cosin Aldbroughe, and motioned the match vnto him as of myselfe ; 
w*^^ he entertained kindly w**^ great good likinge. He tould me that 
lately ther was a suiter for his daughter, brought vnto his house by M' 
W™ Darcy. The gentleman's name was M' W*" Selby, a gentleman 
who every way gave him very good content, but his daughter by noe 
meanes could be persvvaded to affect him. And yet since that ther is 
another motion made by one M' Henry Darby for S"" Tho : Nottcliffe's 
Sonne, ^ wher he as yett standes ingaged. He desireth time vntill the 
weeke after Easter, att w^^ time he has promised me an absolute answer. 



1 James Maulevercr's wife, Beatrice, 
was a daughter of Sir Timothy Hutton of 
Marske by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
George Bowes of Streatlam. One of 
Lady Hutton's brothers was called Talbot, 
after his mother, Jane, daughter of Sir 
John Talbot, of Grafton, co. Worcester. 
The writer of the above letter was a 
daughter of l homas Warcop of Tanfield, 



and wife of Sir Talbot's brother, Thomas 
Bowes of Sireatlam, who died about 
1628. Her eldest son, Talbot, whom it 
is most likely this letter refers to, died 
unmarried (Fosier^s Durham VtsifaiiatiSy 

39). 

2 The match with Sir Thomas Norcliffe's 
son never came off (DugdaWs VisiUUion 
of Yorkshire (Surtees Society), 341). 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



179 



For within that time he will either goe throughe with Mr. Nottcliffe, or 

otherwaes he will be absolutely disingaged. Thus standes the busines 

for this present, and when I knowe more yo" shall presently hear from 

me. And so with the remembrance of my service to S^ Talbott, and due 

respectes to all the rest, wishinge all health and happines amongst yo", 

I rest, 

Yo^ ever loving Nephew 

J. M. 

On James Mauleverer's bankruptcy in 165 1 his estates were taken 
over by his eldest surviving son, Timothy. The latter had a hard 
fight to keep things together, and at first with only partial success.^ 
In 1652, as he notes, he was arrested on July the 8th at 10 in 
the morning. He soon got out of prison, having to pay ;^3 15 J. for 
costs. He tried to improve his circumstances by dabbling in 
alchemy, and had his fortune been equal to his industry he would 
have died a wealthy man. The only results of his experiments appear 
to be a number of neatly-written notebooks among the Arncliffe papers. 
Amongst his other notes is a recipe for what was called a sympathetic 
salve, which was to be applied to the weapon and not to the wound. 
Some of the components, as moss from a dead man's skull, must 
have been rather difficult to obtain. 

A Weapon-Salve. 

R. 5 ss.« of well clarified bear's grease, the elder the better. 5 ss. of 
wild swine's grease. And melt them to gether in a little redd wine, 
y' s' 2 years old, in a brass or earthen pann ; and being well melted 
power it into a bason of faire water. And being cold take it from 
y« water, and lay it on a cleane trencher, y* y* water may draine from it. 
Then take 5 ss. of the moss pf a dead man's scull, 3 ss. of blood stone, 
3 ss. of redd sand, 3 ss. of y« powder of red earth wormes. Beat all theese 
in to a very fine powder, and mix them thorowly with the grease 
prepared as above said. If it wax drie, mixe it againe as above. 

Use when either man or beast is wounded with any kind of weapon 
by wound or stabb. If it be a cutt besmeare the blade from the back 
to the edge ; but if a stabb, then from y* point upward. Then lapp a 
cleane lining clothe about the weapon, and lay it in a warme place 
free from dust, and lett y^ wounded partie keep a cleane lining cloth 
about y« wound, and use temperance in his diet, and it shall heale in a 
short time. But if y* wound be deepe and dangerous, you may annoint 



* His estate was so small in 1660, that 
in that year he got a letter from the Com- 
missioners for levying the Poll Money in 
the North Riding, to testify that his 
estate was not sufHcient to justify his being 
rate<l for the degree of an esquire It is 
signed by Geo. Marwood ; arms, a 
chevron ermim between three goats' heads 



erased ; crest, a ram couchant, Rol>ert 
Laton ; arms, two bars and three birds in 
chief ; crest, a bird. Charles Tankrede ; 
arms, i and 4, a chevron bdwecn three 
escallops ; 2, a chevron between three birds y 
perhaps owls ; 3, two bars in chief three 
annulets, 
^ Drachm. 



180 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



y« weapon the 2** time y« 3^ or 4*'^ day, wiping y« old salve of. But if you 
cannot get y« weapon, if y« party can endure, take a tuck* or other 
weapon or instrument, and put it into y« wound and make it bloddy 
therwith, and then annoint it as abovesaid. 

Timothy Mauleverer also gives a remedy for staying blood. A 
rag was to be wetted in the bleeding wound and then stopped 
close down in a glass filled with an unguent composed of the 
mie* of Lysmiaka,' hore-stale/ cummin'^ tempered with vinegar, 
flower-gentle,^ golden rod,^ red wine, and hemp-leaves. To be 
coloured with mare's blood, if desired. If the unguent miscarry, 
he proceeds, " you may boil it in a pan of water with straw at 
y^ bottome." But his sovereign remedy was the coelestial stone, 
which was to be put in rose water a "paternoster while." This 
lotion he found of singular virtue for films, slimes, running 
redness, and blood-shed in the eyes of man or horse, for the 
itch, ringworms, and tettars,* and for piles or hemrodes. When 
powdered it cured old sores, fistulas, and bruises, and its very touch 
put toothache to flight. This panacea was sold at y® Blackmoores 
head nearre Pye Corner, or at y* Lame Hospital, London.' 

His only son, Timothy, married Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of 
James Bellingham, of Over Levens in Westmoreland, by his first wife; 



* A rapier, fron) ihe French "estoc," 
the stock of a tree, a rapier, or tuck. 

' French " mie," now more usually 
"miette,"a crumb or very small piece. 
From the Latin "mica," with the same 
sense. Here the word seems to mean 
some particular part of the plant. 

^ The common loosestriie, ** Lysima- 
chia vulgaris." 

* Common horsetail, *' Equisetum vul- 
gare." 

^ " Cuminum sylvestre." ** Wilde 
cumin. It standeth bleeding at the 
nose, being transfused with vinegar, and 
smelt unto" (Gerarde's HcrbcU^ s.v.). 

° *' Amaranthus," the common Love- 
lies-bleeding. 

"^ ** Solidago Virga-aurea," the common 
v/w*>i*iim Rod. 

^ Hc^rpes, or shingles. 
^ TheXfollowing method of catching 
trout will probably be new to anglers. It 
was writlerK about 1650. '* Tanner's 
owse (y* reder^ve better got after y« frosty 
season be over ^d strong of y« bark) is 
y<= onely principali>;^ Hqr to anoint Bram- 
blings w"* to catcl* 1 troots ; or put y° 
worms in y<^ s^ liq'^ y® nicht before you go 



to angle. If y« worms be very long in y** 
owse it will kill y'". It makes y* worms 
of an high ruddy colour. When y« bait 
your hook, nip off y^ tail end of y* worm 
till you see a whitish part, y" put in y* 
point of y® hook thereat, and slip y« 
worm on so upon y*^ hook» y" again nip 
off y'^ head of y<= worm halfe way twixt 
y<^ head and y*-' knott, and there you will 
see allso a fatt blewish part of y*^ worm 
head to turn out fleshy and full, w*=*^ must 
hang down from y® hook an inch, and so 
trail it up y® water, having a rod 5 yards 
long, and a line onely a yard. Purge y<^ 
bramblings in red soft moss and w**^ water 
onely till they be clecr, one night before 
you angle. This is all y® art vscd by y^' 
Wrecking men of Leeds and Tyres. 
Denton hooks of Pontefract, 2j. per 100, 
are y'' best. A woman makefe y»". M' 
Baines, Jack of all trades in Stonegate in 
York, sells y*". A gill bottle of this 
tanner's owse will serve alwve a year's 
angling. You may get store of troots 
w^'' it in any waf, where troots are, and 
at any season of ye yearc. Maximum 
secretum est." 



INGLEBY ARNXLIFFE. 



181 



or as he calls her " the Lady Elizabeth of that noble and auspicious 
family of the Bellinghams." I give below some extracts from the 
father's account-book for the years 1651-1655 : — 

Lancelott Pinkney and Mary Metcalfe, and Henry Crosland and 
Katharine Metcalfe, ^ were both couples married at Aiton, Decemb' the 
24, 165 1, by ffr. Rymer. 

Beatrice, my daughter, borne the 6th day of Jan., 165 1-2. 

1 65 1, Oct. 6, when Jamy^ went to Cambridge, I gave him £S. 

1652, July 5, for Ned, charges with Nelly ^ at London, £2 12s. July 7, 
Rob. Turner for chamber rent in y*= Upper Bench, when I was discharged, 
;^3 I5i".* Dec. 7, Ned for a suite, £2. 

1653, April 28, Jamy by the carrier, ;^5. June 10, Betty in cloth, lOi-. 
Sept. I, Mr. Wright for Betty, £1. Item for making her gowne and 
drawing her fustian, Ss. Sept. 21, Will Rickarby at his drinking, sj. 
Oct. 3, Jamy to Mr. Wright, which was due halfe a yeare since, a watch 
£6, and £/\^ Ss. ^. more, in all ;^io Ss. ^. Nov. 3, Neddy to York, 
£1 los. Nov. 8, to London, ;^5. 

1653-4, J^°' ^o» ^' Mar. Blakiston in gloves, ^s.^ Neddy, by my 
uncle Blakiston at London, ;^5. To him by Nelly, £2 los. 

1654, March 26, Rob. Rymer for my gray cloake at Malton, £2 its. 
April 18, Jamy when he came from Cambridge,;^!. May 16, Neddy 
when he came in at Scarbrough, £'j. Item a pillow and two shirts. 
May 17, Ant. Eston for 2 whies, ;^3 2J". Will, Passman for 1 bullock, 
£1 i2s. Will. Barley for 2 bullocks, £1, 3J". /\d. Phil. Wilkinson for 2 
kine, i whye, £^ 13J". /[d. Steven Sheffield 2 oxen, £^ 12s. /\d. May 25, 
Jamy by Rich. Loftus for making his stuff suite, \Ss. Will. Stuby for a 
mare, £2^ \\s. td. June 2, my sister Nowers per bond, ;^ioo. June 11, 
Ned I case of iron pistols. June 12, Kickerus' Ars Magna^^' £2. Gloves, 
stockins, and band-strings, £1 2s. Shoes, drawers, &c., 15J. Chamber 
rent and maid, 135*. Hat and case, £1 Ss. June 2"/, Ned, two shirts, 
lis. A paire of shoes, ^s. July 17, W. Wivell for trimming of a suite, 
j^4 ys. lod. Mr. Tyerman for the cloth, £2. Betty more than £1, y* she 



^ She and her sister were daughters of 
George Metcalfe of Northallerton, and 
sisters of Mrs. Mauleverer {Dugdale's 
Visitation of Yorkshire (Surtees Society), 
177). Lancelot Pinckneydied on Decem- 
ber 16, 1682, and his widow shortly 
afterwards married Thomas Calvert of 
Stallingbusk, in the parish of Aisgarth, 
gentleman. She died alx)ut 1697, leaving 
a (laughter, Ellen, apparently by her first 
husband. The Ayton meant is in 
Pickering Lythe. 

2 His brother James, who was a pen- 
sioner at St. John's, Cambridge, his tutor 
l)eing Dr. Wright, who later on married 
his sister Beatrice. 

^ Ned is his brother Edmund, and Nelly 
his sister Eleanor. 



* This sum was made up of the follow- 
ing items :— Bailiffs, £1 5^.; a coach, is. 
(yd. ; my atturney in that busines, £2 2s. 
6d.; charges with the bailiffs, 6s. This 
was not his first experience of prison, as 
he had already been arrested on Feb- 
ruary 10, 165 1 -2, before seven at the 
clock in the morning. 

^ Will of Marmaduke Blakeston of 
Monk Fryston, gentleman, proved in 
1659 by his daughters Margaret and Alice 
( Yorkshin Record Series, i. , 227). Gloves 
were the usual present made to judges or 
to persons acting in a judicial capacity. 
In 1654-5 he makes his commissioners 
against Edmund Maulever a present of 
gloves costing lis. 

^ Called lielow '* Kicker's Ars Mag- 
net ica.^^ 



182 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



gave me for her pillion-cloth, 8i". July 22 ^ my sister Bessy of her allow- 
ance beforehand, £1. Aug. 17, Jammy in ruled paper, 15". Aug. 21, 
Tho. Casse, &c., tooke a male deere from the dogs, witness He : Stockton. 
Sept. 12, Edmond, £2, To him Blundevill's Mathematics^ Hall's History 
of England, 2>s. Sept. 22, Tho : Stockdale went and delivered a warrant 
to the constables of Osmotherley and Harlsey for apprehending of Tho : 
Cass, Will. Aersam, James Lakin, Rich: Mennell, Rob. Maukin, Chr. 
Wilson, for deere stealing, to appeare before Mr. Turner. Item a tupp^ 
of Will. Freer cozen, \2s. ^d. Will. Thompson and Chr. Lambert bought 
at Allerton faire this day 20 ewes of Rob. Bell of Whitwell i'th' Whinnes 
for £g, Sept. 28, Henry Ducket of my coz. Dodgshon, £1. Oct. la, 
an earnest to Will. Miles, when I hired him £^ wages, 2s, 6d. Oct. 17, 
I brought, in silver to Malton, when I went to London, with me in one 
bag, ;^5o; in another £16'^ y where I disbursed to my sister Blakiston in 
full of Mich, allowance, £2^ Jammy £\, Edmond, when he was sick, £^, 
Oct. 22, charges betweene Yorke and London, poast, £^ los, Oct. 23, 
Kicker's Ars Magneticay £\ ^s. A paire of stockings, 75". dd. A paire 
of gloves, 4^. td. Socinus and Ernestus, \s. Shoes, 4J. bd. De pulvere 
febrifuge, is, Trumbull and I laid a wager of 55*., I that the Parliament 
should sit till Xtmas even.^ Dec. 12, bought of Edward Shilleto his 
gray gelding, teste H. Blakeston, £^, Mr. Wolrich for a silver can, 
£^ 1 5 J. For a doz. spoones, £^ i^s. For mending the brass watch, \s, 
Pembroke's Arcadia^ i^s, ^d. A dictionary, 13J. ^d. Charlton, 12^. ^d. 
Gold, ;^5 13J. Mr. Wivell for my brother James' bill, £g. My father in 
sack, 3J. Dec. 21, Ned for his periwig, i^s. To him by my wife, £2, 
Dec. 8, Peg Bawmbrough per bill, £6 i^s. A gratuity more than her 
wages for staying at Ayton, 5^. Will. Miles for his mare, £6 13J. For 
sadle cloth and bridle, 10s, 

1654-5, for 2 paire of gloves for my Com" against Ed. Mauleverer, 
Hi".* Jan. 6, Jamy in viol strings, 6s. Jan. 19, I brought to Yorke with 
me when I went to London in silver £6/\, in gold in one box £20, in 
another about £/\, whereof disbursed to my father £^,^ Ned Shillito for 
his stond nagg, ;^io. Jan. 21, Joseph Raynold for earnest for the organ 
{£g to pay), ;^2. Jan. 30, in a coat with gold buttons, ;^2. My coz. 
Toby Blackston per bill, £2 13J. 6d. Feb. 5, I received a letter from Dr. 
Wright to Neddy, y* he was married with Betty. ^ Feb. 6, for 6 yardes. 



1 A ram. 

2 We can hardly wonder that there 
were numerous highwaymen about when 
it was the custom to convey such large 
sums on one\s person on long journeys. 
Here Mr. Mauleverer has ;^66 with him, 
and the next spring he carried jCSS in 
specie. 

3 Mr. Mauleverer won his wager, as 
the Parliament sat until January 22nd in 
1655. This was the first Parliament 
during the Protectorate. 

* His uncle, the rector of Marske, in 
Richmondshire (Vor/asAtrg Archaolo^ual 



Journal y vi., 191). There was a lengthy 
lawsuit between the parson and his 
brother, and later on his nephew, about 
the annuity given him by his father's will 
in 1618. 

•'' After James Mauleverer's bankruptcy 
he seems to have received an allowance 
from his son. In these accounts are 
numerous entries of payments by the son 
to the father. 

^ His sister Beatrice married George 
Wright, of Bolton-upon-Swale, and St. 
John's College, Cambridge. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 183 

J, J of Genoa flowerd tabby for my wife's gowne, £'] %s. For i6 ounces 
J, J of silver lace, being 17 yards, £2^ ^05". Medictna pauper urn, 2s. td. 
Markam's Cotnpleat Horsmatiy 133-. td. A book of fowling, is. Feb. 9, 
Tom Lee, the taylour, for his bill of Bessie's gowne, £2 2s. Feb. 20, 
Betty from my wife, a feather bed, bolster, and a nigg : i ^oz. of new 
napkins, a tablecloth, 2 pewter dishes, J yard holland. Item to her from 
myselfe for part of her allowance, ;^io. March 13, to my father by 
Duke Paterson, £/\. 

In 1662-3 the Hearth Tax Rolls for 14 Catherine II. give us a 
passing glimpse of the state of the place. At that period there were 
forty-two houses in the parish, containing sixty-three hearths. The 
hall had eleven hearths, and Henry Cotterill, gent.,^ had five in his 
house. The only other on e~ with more than two was Mrs. Margery 
Potter's, which had three. Five had two hearths, and the remainder 
one apiece. 

There remains little more to tell of the owners of Arncliffe. The 
various exactions they had suffered, and expenses they had incurred 
during the Civil Wars, seem to have reduced them to great poverty, 
so that all the estates passed out of their possession except Arncliffe 
Hall and the demesnes, and even these were bought back by the 
family on the bankruptcy of James Mauleverer. The marriages of 
the last two male representatives of the family with heiresses greatly 
restored its prosperity, and enabled them to repurchase a considerable 
portion of the lands alienated by their ancestors. The family became 
extinct in the male line in 1785 on the death of Thomas Mauleverer, 
who left five daughters surviving him, who became his co-heiresses. 
Mary, the survivor of the two daughters who never married, devised 
her fifth of the property, and the one formerly belonging to her sister, 
Frances, to her nephew William Gowan, her sister Anne's second 
son, on condition of his taking the arms and name of Mauleverer. 
Captain Gowan consequently assumed his mother's family name, and 
by purchase from his cousins became possessed of the Arncliffe estate. 
On his death in 1857 it descended to his two daughters, Jane, wife 
of Mr. Thomas Meynell, of the Fryarage, Yarm, and Georgina Helen, 
wife of Mr. Douglas Brown, of Lincoln's Inn, barrister-at-law, the 
latter of whom ultimately acquired the whole estate by purchase 
from her sister. The estate has been sold in the present year by 
his son to Sir J. Lowthian Bell, Bart., of Rounton Grange. 

1 The old house on the hill between gentleman, (buried) July 17th, 1741-2. 
the two villages, referred to before, and Marmaduke Cotterell, gentleman, was 
supposed to have been built by Thomas buried February y*^ 9th. Georgius Cottrell 
Stockton in 1620, is no doubt the fiUius Henry Cottrell sepulta (sic) vices- 
one inhabited by Mr. Cotterill. 1725. simo septimo Octobris 167 1 (Ingleby 
Elizabeth, wife of Marmaduke Cotterell, Arncliffe Registers). 



184 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCRSOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



pcbigxcc of (TDaulevetev/ 



^ Arms : — i Sad/e three greyhounds in pale courant argent^ collared or, 

Mauleverer of Wothersome. 

2 Or a fess gules^ in chief three torteaux, Colville of Dale. 

3 Azure a maunche or, Conyers of Sockburn. 

4 Mrtnine on a fess gules three escallops or, Ingram of 

Arncliffe. 
^ Or a cross quarter pierced, five cinquefoils vert, Hodgkin- 

son of Preston. 
6 Argent, an eagle displayed sable, Wilberfosse of Gains- 
borough. 
Crest : — A maple leaf springing from a trunk, all proper, 
MoiTO : — En dieu ma foi. 



Ifilobert iiK. This Robert is the earliest ancestor of the Arncliffe 
and Wothersome Mauleverers, of whom there is any mention, to 
whose son William and Mariot his wife, William, son of Richard 
Attewode, gave a toft and a bovate of land in AUerton txledhowe 
with three acres in Shortebutflatt, and an acre and an half :in Molde 
Rode, in tail, with remainder to William M.'s right heirs. The deed 
is without date, the witnesses being Thomas Chaumbrelayn, Thomas 
le Wayte, Thomas de Caldecotes, William Scotte, Thomas de 
Allerton, and others, so it appears he had issue : — 



^ The above pedigree is taken with 
amplifications from ** my pettiegree col- 
lected and contrived out of myne auncient 
and new evidences by me Will'm 
Mauleverer esq"*, an. r. regine Eliza- 
Ijethe, &c., quadragesimo tercio, i6oi. 
Etatis mee quadragesimo quinto, Aug. 
xj." It has been printed under the 
editorship of Mr. W. H. D. LongstatTe 
in the Herald and Genealogist^ iii., 304- 
311; and also by Mr. J. J. Howard in 
the Miscellanea Getiealogica^ ii., 73. In 
the latter place are also printed the false 
pedigree made by Mr. Mauleverer in 
1 59 1, the pedigree contributed by him 
to the Visitation of 1584-5, and ilie 
entries relative to the Mauleverers in the 
family bible, and the parish registers of 
Bardsey and Ingleby Arncliffe. 
• 2 Besides these arms they claimed to 
quarter, Gules on a chevron argent between 



three eagles displayed as many crosses 
crasslet sable^ for Berley of Wothersome, 
on the ground that Elizabeth, wife of 
Robert Mauleverer, who was living circa 
1 377- 1443, was daughter and heiress of 
John Berley of Wothersome. As a matter 
of fact her family name is not known, and 
most probably Robert Mauleverer bought 
Wothersome. In a north country Roll 
of Arms, temp. Richard II., John Berley 
had attributed to him as his coat, Gules 
tivo mullets pierced or, aftd a can/on 
ermine (Notes and Queries, 5th Series, 
ii., 342). Another coat. Argent a cross 
inoline sable ^ for Fulthorpe, is sometimes 
found amongst the Mauleverer quarter- 
ings, but wrongly, as Elizabeth Fulthorpe, 
wife of Sir Robert Colville, was not an 
heiress herself, nor were the Mauleverers 
descended from that couple, but from 
Colville's sister, Joan Mauleverer. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 185 

tSESilltam fR., who was witness to a demise by Richard Brown of 
AUerton to his brother, John Brown, of a moiety of nine acres and 
three roods in Brown Hill^ in Moor AUerton (which he held under a 
lease from the abbey of Kirkstall), for twenty-five years from Martinmas, 
1325, at a rent of 31. iid, per annum. He married iiilariot, widow 
of Richard att Wodd, and mother of William att Wodd ; for Thomas, 
son of Alexander of AUerton, released the marriage of William att 
Wodd, her son, to her, by his deed bearing date the Sunday after 
Martinmas day, 6 Edward III. (November 15, 1332): which William 
att Wodd therefore made the deed above-mentioned. So it seems 
that this William M. by this marriage of a wealthy widow was first 
advanced.^ The same William M. of Potternewton made a lease of 
a messuage and eight acres of arable land in Gledowe AUerton to 
Agnes, widow of Roger de Caldecotes, from Martinmas, 1336, for five 
years, at 135. /[d, a year. In November, 1344, he granted a lease to 
last during his life "in subsidium elemosine pauperum Christi 
ad portam," to the abbot of Kirkstall, of lands, etc., in AUerton 
Gledhowe ; namely, a messuage and eight acres held for a term by 
Robert Darlyng, a messuage and two acres held for a term by WiUiam 
Taylor (cissor)y two cottages formerly held by William Malanhawe, 
and then by Margaret Fox, and fifteen acres, five of which lay in 
Molderode and Shortebutteflat and in the Moor, one in the croft of 
Robert Darlyng's said messuage, half an acre in Caldewelle, three 
acres in Toftes and Okanholtfeld, three and a half acres in Gildsand- 
feld, and two acres in Coteflat. He granted another lease in 1346 
to the abbot of the same house, of a culture in More AUerton. On 
March 28, 1345 (le lundi en la sepmaigne de Paschez^ Pan du reagne le 
roy Edward tierce puis le conquest dis et neofyme)^ Adam Emmeson 
executed a general release to William M. of Potternewton, and 
Robert, his son. He was a witness on St. Juliana the Virgin's day 
(May 22), 1348, to a deed by John, son of Richard Browne of Moor 
AUerton, demising to his brother Henry Browne, for the term of his 
life, an acre of arable land in BramhuU in Moor AUerton. The other 
witnesses were : John Chambreleyn of Newton, WiUiam Scott, William 
Killyngbek, and Robert Browne. He had issue : — 

I Robert IH., of whom hereafter. 

^ Probably the same place as Bram- wife, sister and heir of Ralph Atwod of 

hull, mentioned a little lower down, now AUerton Gledhowe, made a release to 

known as Broomhill. Robert Mauleverer of Newton, of all 

•^ On Saturday after St. Andrew's right to any lands in Gledhowe AUerton, 

Day, 15 Ric. II. (December 2, 1391) Chapell AUerton, More AUerton, and 

William Sowter of Scolles, and Agnes his Shadwell. 

VOT.. XVI. N 



186 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHi^tOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



2 ?!Killiam iJH., who, under the style of William M., son of 
William M. of Potternewton, released to his brother 
Robert, for twelve marcs, all the moveable goods Mariot 
his mother had that day given him, " preter pannos nostros 
et hernasia corpora nostra concernencia, lanam, unam cistam 
quondam patris mei, unam vaccam matris mee, duas sues, 
et unum par rotarum plaustralium, usibus nostris applianda." 
The deed was executed on the feast of the Nativity of St. 
John the Baptist, 35 Edward III. (June 24, 1361), at St. 
Oswald's (Nostell), in the cellarer's chamber, in the presence 
of Adam dc Allerton, cellarer of Nostell, William de Birkyn, 
and Robert de Mar. 

13l0bert iJH. of Potternewton married one iWargaret. They had 
a grant in 1367 in tail male, with remainder to Robert's right 
heirs, from Henry de Clesby, William de Brandon, and Richard de 
Bautre, chaplains, of a tenement in Potternewton, which they (the 
feoffees) had had granted them by Sir William Chaumberlayn, 
priest. In 1365 Archbishop Thoresby gave Robert M. and William 
de Cordelay, parishioners of the parish church of Leeds, leave to 
have divine service celebrated in a chapel at Allerton on feast 
days for one year, whenever they should be hindered by floods 
from going to their parish church.* There is a deed from Robert 
M. of Potternewton to John de Amyas the elder, John de Amyas the 
younger, Ralphe Browne, chaplain, and Richard Swalowe of all his 
lands, etc., in Stubbus, More Allerton, Gledow Allerton, and Potter- 
newton, dated September 7, 43 Edward III. (1369), whereby it is 
plain he had lands in all these towns at that time. He had 
issue : — 

1 JSlobcrt fH. See below 

2 3o!}n fK. of Cushworth and Esnbfl. On April 12, 1377 (die 

dominica prox. post daiisum Pasche^ 51 Edward III.), John 
Fraunke and his wife, Margaret, entailed a tenement and 
seven acres of land in Newton, on Robert, son of Robert 



^ March 26, 1365, anno pontificatus 
13. Johannes etc., clilectis filiis, Roberto 
Maiileverer el Willelmo de Cordelay, 
parochianis ecclesie parochialis de I^edes, 
nostre dioc, salutem, gratiam et bene- 
dictionem. Precibus vestris favorabililer 
inclinati, ut per unmn annum a data 
presentium continue numerandum, in 
honesta capella de Allerton infra dictam 
parochiam scituata, diebiis ferialilnis, et si 
contingat inundacio ac^uarum (juominus 



ad dictam ecrclc^iam vestram parochialem 
de Ledes diebus festivalibus licite acce- 
dere valcatis, ut durante inundacione 
hujusmodi diebus festivalibus divina per 
capellanum idoncum licite valeatis faccre 
celebrari, dumtamen consensus vicarii 
dicte ecclesic de Ledes ad id interveniatt 
et cum hoc prejudicium aliquod dicte 
ecclesie parochiali nuUatenus generatur ea 
occasionc {Rigistrum Thoresby^ fo. 135). 



INGLEBY ARNXLIFFE. 187 

M. of Newton, with remainders to John, his brother, Isabel, 
his sister, and the right heirs of Robert. John M. esq. by 
his will, dated 145 1, directs that his body shall be interred 
in the church of St. Francis of the Friars Minor at Doncaster, 
and that William Rawlyn, chaplain, shall celebrate for three 
years after his death, during which time he shall have his 
gilt cup, which shall afterwards revert to Alvery his son at 
Cusworth {Hunter's S, Yorkshire^ i. 18). John M. had 
bought the manor of Cusworth in 1403 of Richard Leeds. 
It was sold in 1461 by his grandson Robert M., gent, son 
and heir of William M., late of Doncaster, esq., to Ralph de 
Kniveton {Ibid., i. 349). 

Uobert iW. was a minor and under age in 1372 when the abbot 
of Kirkstall brought an action against John Amyas senior, John 
Amyas junior, Robert, vicar of the church of Marnham,^ and 
Richard Swalowe, for the custody of the land and heir of Robert M. 
of Potternewton, which he alleged belonged to him, as Robert 
held his land of him by knight service {Monastic Notes, Yorkshire 
Record Series, i. 114). He was living in 1377, and also all- 
Richard II.'s days, for on May 12, 1399 {die Lune prox, antefestum 
Pentecostes, 22 Ric. II.), William Brereley and Emma, his wife, 
made a deed to him of lands in More AUerton, which they had 
got from Robert Parker of Kirkstall, and Henry Brown. And 
Robert Harrison of Thorner and Agnes his wife, daughter of Henry 
Cartwright, of Shad well, gave him and his wife ffi^li^abetb by deed all 
their lands in Shadwcll and elsewhere, dated anno 20 Ric. II. 
(1396-7). On August 12, 1400, he granted to John Amyas of 
Shitlington, John Mauleverer, John Scotte, Sir John de Snytall, 
vicar of Leeds, Robert de Newton, chaplain, and Richard Sclawlon 
of Thurnscoe (Trynnescowe), all his property in Potter Newton, 
Allerton, Stubbus in the parish of Harewood, Eltofts, and Shadwell 
in the parish of Thorner. And on June 17, 1403 {die Lune prox. 
ante festum Nativitatis S, Johannis Baptisfe, 4 Henr. IV.), William 
de Brerelay, son of Thomas de Brerelay of Newton Potter, and 
Agnes, Thomas's wife, granted to Robert M., Edmond Fraunke of 
Allerton, John M., Robert's brother, and Robert Newton, chaplain, 
the reversion of their lands in Newton Potter after their deaths. 
So both Robert and John were then alive. And King Henry IV. 
gave him for his good service done against Henry Percy, earl of 
Northumberland, and Thomas Bardolf, and other rebels, the mills at 

^ Perhaps a mistake for Bramham. I'herc is no such parish 
as Marnham in the neighbourhood. 



188 



THE YORKSHIKE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



York for his life, by his Letters Patent, dated May iith^ anno regni 
ejus (1408), which grant was confirmed to him November 30, 
2 Henr. V. (1414). In the eighth year of Henry IV. (1406-7), John 
Boswell of Ardesley, to whom Thomas Brerelay (heir thereof by 
ancient charters to his ancestors from Mowbray, Moorvill, Stuteville, 
and others)^ gave Wothersome by deed, dated there, January 7, 
2 Richard II. (1378-9), to the use as it may seem, of the said 
Robert M., to certain feoffees, one whereof was John M., the 
forenamed brother of Robert, and to his heirs, dated 8 Henry IV.;* 
which John, called John of Cusworth, did release all his right and 
interest therein to his brother Robert M., by his deed dated 
4 Henry V. (14 16-7). And on July 10, 10 Henry V. (1422), 
Geoffrey Taillour of Selby, and Beatrix his wife, daughter and 
heiress of John Brown of Moor Allerton, made a deed to Robert M. 
of Wothersome esq., of a messuage and bovate of land and 
meadow in Moor Allerton. So it seemeth he lived so long, and 
began to be Mauleverer of Wothersome, whereas before they were 
of Potter Newton. In 1437, being the fifteenth year of Henry VI., 
he obtained a general pardon from the king. Nay, it appeareth 
plainly he was living in 20 Henry VI. (144 1-2), for he made a 
deed to his brother John and others, to the intent that they should 
enfeoff his wife, Elizabeth, of Wothersome, for her life, remainder to 
Sir William M., his son (the first knight), in tail male, with 
remainder to John M.; Eltofts, Thorner, Shad well, and Britby, to 
Robert, son and heir of Sir William aforesaid, in ' tail male, 
remainders to Sir William and John. Dated and written at 
Wothersome, Friday next after the Ascension, 20 Henry VI. (May 
18, 1442), which he made in manner of a will with all. They 
made the feoffment accordingly, January 12, 22 Henry VI. (1443-4), 
to dame Elizabeth his widow.^ He died in July, 1443, and was 



1 Mr. Mauleverer in 1602 states that 
he had these deeds. The only early deeds 
now among the Arncliffe documents, 
relating to Wothersome, are as follows : — 
(i) A confirmation by Roger de Mubrai 
to Roger, son of Haldane de Berlai, of the 
confirmation which Richard de Moreville 
made him about his holding in Wude- 
husum. (2) A grant by Nigel de Mubrai 
to John, son of Robert de Daiville, of his 
father's land. Name of place not given, 
but apparently Wothersome. (3) Grant 
by Ralph, abbot of Kirkstall (1182-1 188), 
to Henry de Berlai of all Wodehus. 
(4) An agreement in 1344 l)etween 
William, abbot of Kirkstall, and William, 
son and heir of Sir Richard de Berlay, 



knight, about certain services and com- 
mons in Wodsome. The_deeds mentioned 
above relating to the transfer of Wother- 
some to the Mauleverers cannot now be 
found. 

^ So in the original pedigree. There 
seems to be some omission here. Un- 
luckily the charters referred to are now 
non-existent, so that the mistake cannot 
l>e rectified. 

3 The deed to the feoffees is wanting, 
but copies of the document carrying out 
its provisions are still extant. The feoflfees 
were John Mauleverer of Cusw^orth, 
William Scott of Newton, and Robert 
Gray of Toulston, esquires. 



INGLF.BY ARXCLIFFE. 189 

buried at Leeds. In 1585 Glover, whilst engaged in his Visitation 
of Yorkshire^ found the following inscription in the church there, 
which has since disappeared. "Orate pro animabus Roberti 
Maleverer, armigcri, quondam d'ni de Wodesham, et Elizabethje 
uxoris eius, qui obiit iii. die mensis Julii, A° D'ni mccccxliii, xxxi., 
Henr. VI. The armes gon^'' ^Visitations of Yorkshire^ 1584 and 
161 2, p. 464). It has not been accurately copied, as it should be 
21 and not 31 Henry VI. Then, too, it is doubtful whether the 
day of the month is the 3rd or 13th of July. His widow survived 
him and was living in 1446. She is said to have been the daughter 
and heiress of John Berley of Wothersome, but no authority is 
given for this statement, which for other reasons is unlikely. They 
had issue only one son : — 

Sir BHiUiam fH., who married 3aan, one of the daughters and 
heiresses of Sir John Colville, knight, by Alice, daughter of John, 
Lord Darcy, as appeareth by deed of partition (Appendix, No. v.); 
by which deed he obtained Arncliffe and other lands. They were 
married as early as October 31, 6 Henry V. (14 18), when Thomas 
Robeas of Hoy ton, one of Sir John Colville's feoffees, released to 
William M. and Joan his wife, all claim to the manor of ErnclyfT 
and the vill of Ingylby under Ernclyff. He and his wife had a 
general pardon from the king on July 4, 24 Henry VI. (1446). 
He is mentioned in the will of his son, Robert M., which was 
made in 1458 (Appendix, No. vii.). His widow survived him, and 
was living in 1463. They may have been buried in Northallerton 
Church, where in 1585 were the arms of Mauleverer with a golden 
label of three points, impaling Colville ( Visitations of Yorkshire^ 
1584 and 1612, Foster's Edition, p. 462). They had issue: — 

1 Sir Ifilobert fH. See below. 

2 JUHilliam fH., on whom on March i, 31 Henry VI. (1452-3) 

his father entailed lands in Newton Potter, Chapel AUerton, 
Moor AUerton, Clifford, and AUerton Gledhow, which were 
confirmed to him in 1463 by his nephew "Edmond, son 
and heir of Sir Robert M., knight, late .son and heir of Sir 
William M., knight, and dame Joan his wife," with the said 
dame Joan's assent. In 1459 his parents granted him a 
messuage in Dale, called Sarezyn Hall. In the same year 
he and John Killingbek of Chapel AUerton entered into an 
agreement about certain lands in Chapel AUerton formerly 
belonging to John Cordlay, parson of the parish church of 
Bramham, which had been granted to his grandfather, 



190 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Robert M., in 1424 by Alfred de Manston, William Scargyll, 
and Thomas de Hawkysworthe. There was a William M., 
who was living in 1476 and 1488, who married Joan, widow 
of Robert Manston. He is probably identical with the 
above-named William.' 

3 3of)n iitt. had a grant from his father in 1452-3 of lands in 

Otley, Newhall, and Mensington, with a parcel of meadow 
in " Farneley juxta Newall," formerly held by Alienora 
Pawson. Died without issue before 1463. 

4 l^mro iB> had a similar grant of lands in Rawdon and Yeadon, 

with a croft in Farnley, late in the tenure of Robert 
I^wson, called Busterdcroft, and a parcel of land called 
Penkenett, and half an acre called Hesilhill, late in the 
tenure of William Cote. Confirmed as above in 1463. 

5 EtJmuulJ fK. had a similar grant of lands in "Kyerby super 

Wharff," and of a messuage with certain acres of land in 
Farnley, late in the tenure of Thomas Angrom, with a 
parcel of meadow in the same vill called Adam Carr, late 
in the tenure of Robert Hamlyne. Confirmed as above in 

1463. 

T Beatrix ffl. married Richard Wyman esq. Prenuptial settle- 
ment dated February 10, 31 Henry VI. (1452-3). See 
Appendix, No. vi. 

Sir Uobfrt |H. had a lease in 1446 from his father for the term of 
the lessor's life, of the manor of Woodsom, "paying yerely to dame 
Elizabeth M., moder to the said sir William, the ferme of viii 
marcs, which the seid sir William afore to hir payd : and also 
beryng the charge of suytes and othour labures that belongeth in 
defence of the seid maner." He was also to receive the profits 
and farms of the lands, etc., in Sigston and Dale for two years, 
paying his brother William seven marcs a year. " And ower that 
hit is agreed that wheer the seid Robert hath and perceywith an 
annuel rente of iiij marcs 3eerly of the house of Ryvaux, that when 



^ There was also a William Mauleverer 
living in 1448, who was inlercsted in 
lands at Kllon in the Kast Riding in right 
of his wife, Margaret (IM<..0. , Yorkshire 
Feet of Fines ^ 21-32 Henr. VI., No. 55). 
William Mauleverer of Uppingham m;ide 
his will in 1442, (dale of probate not 
known), and left his property to his wife 
Margaret, so it seems likely these two 
Williams were the same person (Gibbon's 



Early Lincoln Wills ^ p. 169, from Hishop 
Alnwick's Register, fo. 39). The W^illiam 
Mauleverer of Elton was undoubtedly 
the father of Robert Mauleverer of Let- 
well, who in 1469 gave lands at Willcrby 
to Haltemprice Priory, for the good of 
the souls of Isabel, his wife, William, his 
father, and Margaret, his mother ( Burton's 
Monasticon Eboracensc^ })'^1^' 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 191 

hit by the grace of Godd salle happyn' the seid Robert to take a 
wife and be weddid, then the seid William to haue and perceyue 
the seid annuel rente of iiij marcs. His will is dated **ye 
Monunday next after ye xv^"" of Seynt Michelle," 37 Henry VI. 
(October 16, 1458). See Appendix, No. vii. He seems to have 
predeceased his father, and was certainly dead in 1463, when his 
mother Joan was party to a deed in which he is spoken of as " Sir 
Robert M., knight, late s. and h. of Sir William M., knight, and dame 
Joan his wife." His wife's name was 3aan, who is mentioned in 
his will. Her parentage is unknown. In the church at North 
allerton there were formerly the arms of Mauleverer impaling, 
argent on a chevron three martlets^ but I am unable to state to 
whom these arms belonged. {Visitations of Yorkshire^ 1584-5 and 
1612, p. 462). They had issue: — 

1 EtJmuntJ ffl. See below. 

2 SSiIliam iJl., to whom his father left by will in 1458 lands in 

Fockerby, Eastoft, Swinefleet, and Thorner. (Appendix, 
No. vii.) 

1 fHarijaret fH., mentioned in her father's will (Ibid). 

2 3aan fH., mentioned in her brother Edmund's will, dated 1488 

{Test. Ebor.^ iv. 40). 

StJmunb fH. In 1454 lands in Drighlington, Wothersome, Adwalton, 
and Scoylcrofte, were settled by his father and grandfather on him 
and his wife Alionora in special tail (P. R. O., Pedes Fin. Ebor,^ 
33-39 Henr. VI., No. xiii.). He had Letters of Protection from 
Edward IV. in the first year of his reign (May 10, 1461), in which 
he is styled ''Edmund M. de com. Ebor.'gentilman." In 1463 
(April 8, 3 Edward IV.), he confirmed his grandfather's gifts to his 
uncles, William, Henry, and Edmund. In 1472 he and his consort 
Elinor had letters of confraternity from Thomas, provincial prior of 
the Order of Hermit Brethren of St. Augustine in England. In 
the manor court of King Edward IV. for Barwick-in-Elmete; 
Scholes, and Roundhay, held in 1481, Edmund M., es(j., was allowed 
to approve a parcel of waste ground (in Harwick) called Birkes, 
containing seven acres of land. By his will, dated October 7, 1488, 
and proved January 29, 1493-4, he desired to be buried on the 
north side of Bardsey church, in the churchyard between the 
vestry and the I^dy Altar. (Appendix, No. viii.) His wife 
lElfanor or 2llinnorn was a daughter of Sir James Strangways of 
Harlsey Castle, Speaker of the House of Commons in i Edward IV. 
She was one of his executors, and survived him.' They had issue : — 



192 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

1 IClabcrt i!H. See below. 

2 SCijomas fH., as appeareth by a deed dated May 4, 9 Henry 

VII. (1494).^ 

3 Sames ifi. On February 4, 5 Henry VII. (1489-90), an 

inquisition was taken in the manor court of Amcliffe, to 
assess the amount due to Edmund M. for the damages done 
to his demesne, which he had let to Gilbert Gy, Thomas 
Gy, and Anthony Hoghschon. The following is the finding 
of the jury, which is curious and unusual, being in English. 
After giving the jurors' names it proceeds, "Whiche said y' 
ye said thre tenauntz trespasyd in ye sprynges (the young 
wood) w*^ yair catelle to ye valew of v]s. vu}d. Item for 
fellyng of wode w*out deliuere, ij^. Item for reparacons of 
ye place, thak, stone, and stree, xu]s. m]d. And as for alle 
other trespases es doon, either by ye lord to ye tenauntz, 
or the tenauntz to ye lord, ye said twelf men awardethe 
nothyng to be gyfyn ne recompensed, but sett one hurt 
agaynes one other. Wiche verdett was gyffyn in wryttyng 
to sir James Stra(n)ways, knyght, and ye said sir James 
resavyd ye aboue wryttyn xxij^., and deliuered it to James 
Malleuere, son to ye said Edmond." In his will (dated 
May II and proved June 28, 151 7), in which he describes 
himself as of Seamer near Scarborough, gent., he desires to 
be buried in the choir of the chapel of St. Martin, Bishop 
and Confessor, there {TesL Ebor.^ v. 83). His wife Jloan, 
who was his executrix, survived him {Ibid,). He had issue 
(i) ISnlpl), mentioned in his father's will, prior of the 
Charterhouse at the Reformation. Supervisor of the will of 
his cousin Sir William M. in 1549. His will was dated 
April 2 and proved April 29, 1551. (2) 3nne, mentioned in 
her father's will. Married first as his second wife Thomas 
Layton of Sexhow, in the parish of Hutton Rudby 
{Visitation of Yorkshire^ 1584, p. 54i), and secondly by 
licence, at Kirkdale, in 1526, John Elwike of Seaton near 
Market Weighton {Test. Ebor,^ iii. 374). (3) Another daughter 
who married Sutton. 

4 JSHilliam fH., uncle to Sir William M., is mentioned in 1524 
in the marriage settlement of Robert M. and Alice 
Markenfield. 

1 I have not been able to find iliis uncle, lands and houses in Inglcby 

chaiter, but by an undated deed William Arnclirie, giving William llowgyll power 

Mauleverer of Wothersome, esq., granted to deliver seisin, 
to Thomas Mauleverer the younger, his 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



193 



1 3aan fH. married John Hopton of Armley. Mentioned in her 

father's will dated 1488. 

2 Isabel fH. married Arthington.* 

3 iHarjaro fH. 

4 Beatrice fH. 

Robert iH., son and heir apparent of Edmund M., esq., and 3oan, 
daughter of Sir Henry Vavasour (of Hazlewood), knight, had a grant 
in special tail on November 20, 13 Edward IV. (1473), ^^^^ John 
Vavasour senior,^ William Vavasour, John Popeley, and Robert 
Marshall, of certain lands in Dale Town, in which they had been 
infeoffed by the said Edmund M. and Alianora his wife. His 
I/i^. p, m, was taken at York Castle before William Crowche, the 
escheator, on October 24, 17 Henry VH. (1501), in which it was 
found he died on March 10, 11 Henry VH. (1495-6), his son 
William, of the age of thirty and upwards, being his heir. By his 
will, which was proved on February 25, 1496-7, he desired "to be 
beried in the churche of Allhalous at Bardsay, in the same place 
where my fader lieth " {Test, Ebor./\\, ^on). i^His wife survived 
him.^ He had issue : — 

1 ?55SilIiam Jfl. See below. 

2 (ElimuntJ ffl. On January 13, 22 Henry VHI. (1530-1), 

Thomas Middleton and the other feoffees of Sir WiUiam M., 
knight, granted to Leonard M., son of Edmund M., tenements 
in Keyrbie for life, with remainder to Robert M. in fee. 

3 ILeanarb ffl. 

4 Peter ffl. These three younger " brether of the seyd Sir 

William," are mentioned in 1524 in the marriage settlement 
of Robert M. and Alice Markenfield. 

(JTljree ©augljterg referred to in their fathers will."* 



1 John Ardyngton, esq., was witness lo 
a charter of Kdmund Mauleverer of 
Wodosoni, esq., dated April I, 18 
Edward IV. (1478). 

^ One of the seals to this deed bears an 
animal's head, probably a goat's, for 
Vavasour {^Visitation of Yorkshire^ 1584, 

P- 235)- 

^ Query as to whether she did not 
remarry John Shipton, against whom and 
Joan his wife, and William Maulcverer, 
escj. , the manor of Eltoft was recovered 
in 1510 (Mich., 2 Henr. VIII.), by 
Sir William Bulmer, knight, Leonard 



Vavasour, clerk, and William Middleton, 
John Arderne, John Menvell, William 
Thwaites, Thomas Tempest, and John 
Bentley, esquires. 

* Licence was granted on AugUNt 15, 
1489, to the vicar of Bardsey, to marry 
VVilliam Thwaite of parish Hut ton 
Wansley or Marstdn, and Margery 
Maulevcrer of parish of Hutfon, in the 
chapel of the manor-house of Woodsome, 
banns being published twice (7Vj/. Ehor., 
"'•» 354» ^"^ Visitations of Yorkshite^ 
1584-5 and 1612, p. 93). This Margery 
Maulcverer is most likely one of the three 
daughters referred to alx)ve. 



194 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Sir Oailliam fH. On May 28, 7 Henry VII. (1492), Edmund M., 
esq., granted to John Vavasour, Richard Goldisburgh, John Hopton, 
Peter Bygod, Thomas Crawthorne, and Edmund Thwaytes, certain 
lands, etc., in Yngg}'lby near Arnclyff, the manor of Daylle Town, 
and lands in Bysshopton and Seynt Eleyn Awkland, in Durham, 
"ad intencionem et effectum quarundam indenturarum maritagii 
inter dictum Edmundum M. et Robertum M. ex vna parte, et 
Annam Conyers ex altera parte confectarum." On the authority 
apparently of this deed he is said to have married 9nne, daughter 
of William Conyers of Sockburn, and Anne his widow. This is 
very probable, although there is no absolute proof of the fact. As 
I have not been able to find any further mention of her it is 
likely she died early, although as far as I can discover all his 
children were by his first wife. He was knighted at Flodden in 
15 13, and made High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 13 Henry VIII. 
(15 21). On November 7, 1522, he had license to marry in the 
chapel at Wothersome his second wife, 3aan, widow of Sir John 
Bigod of Settrington, who was one of the daughters of Sir James 
Strangways of Harlsey Castle, by Alice, daughter and co-heiress of 
Thomas, Lord Scrope of Masham, and aunt and co-heiress of the 
last Sir James Strangways {Test. Ehor,^ III. 372).^ There appears 
to have been no issue by this marriage, as they must have been 
both over middle age at the time it was contracted. She died on 
November 15, 1546, when her capital messuage, etc., in Bainton, 
escheated to the Crow^n by reason of the attainder of her son and 
heir, Sir Francis Bigod (P. R. O., Exchequer Inquisitions^ Yorkshire^ 
38 Henry VHl. to i Edward VI., Cotnpoius Thome Raynoldes^ 
Escaetoris, m. 8). She was buried at Bardsey on November 26, 
1547 {Bardsey Registers). Sir William died on August 10, 155 1, 
when it was found by his Inq. p. ;//., taken at Wetherby, September 
20, 5 Edward VI. (155 1), before William Davell, the escheator, that 
his nearest relations and heirs were : Joan, wife of Peter Slingsby, 
gent., aged 40 ; Anne, wife of Thomas Cower, aged 39 ; and 
Katherine, wife of William Conyers, aged 38 : that is, daughters and 
co-heirs of Sir James M., knight, deceased, son ahd heir of Sir 
William. He was buried at Bardsey, August 13, having had issue : — 

1 The licence for her first marriage al {'ftst. Ehor. iii., 354). In the spring of 

tlie chapel within the manor-house at 1523-4 she and her second husband had 

Harlsey by the vicar of ( )smoth€rley is to j^et a Papal dispensation to legalise 

daled January 20, 1488 9. As she and their marriage, as they were related in the 

liigod were related in the fourth degree, third an«l fourth degrees (--//v/f//^- /l/6*^.). 
they had to have a dispensation to marry 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 195 

1 Sameg fH. married 3lnne, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 

Ralph Wycliffe of Wycliffe {Visitations of Yorkshire, 1584-5 
and 161 2, p. 377). In March, 1509-10, Sir WiUiam M. 
conveyed his property in Adwaldon, Drighlington, Clovvcroft, 
FolUfoot, and Newby-by-Seamer, to Sir William Bulmer, 
knight, William Middilton, John Ardern, William Thwayt, 
John Menvyle, esquires, Leonard Vavasour, clerk, and 
Thomas Tempest and John Bentley, gentlemen, upon trust 
for his son and daughter-in-law in tail. James M. must 
have soon died. His widow had her jointure enlarged and 
confirmed in 1524 and 1527. She was still alive in 1536. 
They had issue (i) Joan, who married first Richard Aldburgh 
of Aldburgh, near Boroughbridge, and had issue Richard 
and others. In 1536, in a deed in which she signed 
herself "Jane Aldbowrgh," she resigned all claim to the 
lands she might have inherited in right of her father. She 
married secondly Peter Slingsby, gent. (2) Anne married 
Thomas Gower of Stittenham, and died without issue. (3) 
Katherine married William Conyers of Marske. In 1525 
Sir William M. and Ralph WyclyfTe, esq., paid William 
Conyers, the bridegroom's father, 200 marcs for this marriage. 
She had one daughter, who married Arthur Phillip, of 
Brignall {Yorkshire Archceological Journal, vi. 226). 

2 ISlobert fH. See below. 

3 ESEilliam iH., mentioned in an entail made in 1541 of a 

purparty of the manor of St. Helen's, Auckland, in Durham, 
and of the manor of Walkringham in Yorkshire. In 1550 a 
remainder in tail male in the Yorkshire properties was 
limited to William M., son of William M., late of Thorner, 
deceased, who was probably his son {Yorkshire Fines, i. 152). 
William M. of Traneholme, was fined 35. 4</. in 1552 for not 
cleansing and repairing his ditch at Fowkeld {Arncliffe 
Manor Rolls). 

4 EconartJ fH. appears to have died early. His daughters 

Eleanor M.^ and Alice Busse are mentioned in his father's 
will. 

^ On June 28, 1557, Richard IIus- In 1561 ihey were lenants of Sir Edmund 
ihwaite and Elinor Mauleverer were Mauleverci in Arncliffe. 
married at Bardsey [Bardsey Rvgisfdrs). 



196 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

5 J^mrg iW., B.A., June 27, 1530; B.C.L., June 30, 1535; B. 
Can. L., July 12, 1535 (Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, iii. 962). 
Vicar of Ainderby Steeple, 1548 and 1554 {Yorkshire 
Arckceological Journal^ xiv. 397). Instituted to the rectory 
of Thurnscoe in South Yorkshire at the presentation of his 
relative, William Vavasour of Hazlewood. He died rector 
there, his successor being instituted in 1583 (Hunter's South 
Yorkshire^ ii. 156). 

1 3nne iJH. married John Rocliffe of Cowthorpe, esq., and had 

an only daughter and heiress, Anne, who married Sir Ingram 
Clifford. {Visitations of Yorkshire^ 1584-5 and 16 12, p. 285!) 

2 Catljerine fH. married Henry Wombwell, of Wombwell, esq. 

3 Another daughter, who married Barker, to whose 

daughter Alice Sir William M. in his will gave ;^2o towards 
the preferment of her marriage. 

ISlobert ifl. married Sllicc, daughter of Sir Ninian Markenfield of 
Markenfield, knight. Their marriage settlement was made on 
October 16, 16 Henry VIII. (1524), when it was agreed that they 
should marry afore the feast of the Purification of our Lady 
(February 2) next coming. Her portion was 350 marcs.^ On the 
first of December following Cardinal Wolsey granted them a 
dispensation for marriage, as they were related in the fourth 
degrees. He made his will December 6, 1540, which was proved 
by his widow on June 22 following. He was buried at Bardsey 
the last day of January, 1 540-1. Her will is dated March 4, 1552-3, 
and proved on the seventh of the same month. Both desired in 
their wills to be buried at Bardsey. They had issue : — 

1 ESEilKam iH. married about the spring of 1537, EUjabetfj, 

daughter of Ralph Hopton of Armley, when lands in 
Thorner, Thorp Hawksworth, etc., were settled on them in 
tail. He died without issue in 1539, and was buried on 
April 25 at Bardsey. His widow married Peter Roos, a 
second son of the Ingmanthorpe family {Visitation of 
Yorkshire^ 1584-5, p. 42). 

2 Kobert ifl. died young. 

3 ffitJmuntJ iH. See below. 

4 5Ci)Oiua0 iifl. Living 1541 and 1552. O, s. p. 

^ The trustees of the settlement were portion was to l)e paid by instalments of 

William Ii)^lcl»y, John KoclilTe, Henry fifty marcs at a time, in the chapel at 

Wombwell, esquires, John Markenfield, Wolhersome, afore the image of St. 

gentleman, and Thomas Sparling. Her Lawrence. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 197 

1 Doratljo fH. married John Kaye of VVoodsome, near Hudders- 

field, esq., and had issue. They were married at Bardsey, 
January 21st, 1542-3, "being both xv yeares olde" {Bardsty 
Registers), 

2 3nne irH. married Thomas Leigh of Middleton, near Leeds, 

and had issue: — "1542. Filius Domini Leighe aetatis vj 
annos (sic) et Anna M. ix. annom (5/V), were married the 
xxvj^^ of October predicto." {Bardsey Registers.) 

Skii (!Pt»nunt)i fSi, married ilHarg, daughter of Sir Christopher Danby, 
of Thorp Perrow, near Bedale. The covenant for their marriage, 
which was made between the two fathers-in-law, is dated September 
30,33 Henry VIIL (1541); whereby it was thereby covenanted 
"that Edmond M., son and heyre of Robert M. layte deceased, 
by the grace and sufferance of Almyghty God shall of this syde 
and before the feast of Eester next for to com me after the day of 
the dayte heirof, mary and take to his wyff Mary Danby, oon of the 
doughters of the sayd Sir Christofer Danby, yff the sayd Mary wyll 
theirunto agree and consent, and the lawes of holy churche wyll 
suffer the same"; and after a similar covenant in regard to the 
lady it "was further couenaunted, concluded, grauntyd, and agrcyd 
betwene the sayd partyes that the sayd Sir Christofer Danby shall 
haue the custodye, rewle, and gouernaunce of the sayd E. M. vnto 
suche tyme as the sayd E. M. do accomplysshe thage of eightene 
yeres." Sir William agreed to settle lands to the value of forty 
marcs a year on the young couple in Northumberland and Durham, 
and the lady was to have four hundred marcs as her portion. Sir 
Edmund was knighted in 1553, and died on April 27, 13 Elizabeth 
(1571), being buried at Bardsey the same day. He left issue by 
his wife, who survived him : — 

1 BHilliam iJH. See below. 

2 3oljn fH. baptized at Bardsey, January 6, 157 1-2. A 

posthumous child. 

I Elijabeti^ fH. baptized at Bardsey, May 27, 1558, married 
Ralph Gower, fifth son of Richard Gower, who was the 
second son of Sir Edward Gower, of Stittenham. They had 
five children (i) William, who married a lady named 
Mountney ; (2) George, to whom his uncle, William M., left 
in 16 18 ;^2o in consideration of all the debts he owed 
him ; (3) Ellenor married to Robert Sadler of Northumber- 
land ; (4) Mary ; (5) Margaret, whose portion her uncle 
willed should be made up to ^£^20. She married Thomas 
Dowker of Newbiggin in Northumberland, clerk. 



198 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

2 ltalf)friue ffl. baptized at Bramham 6th, 1560 {Bramham 
Registers). O. s. p. 

HKilUam fH., born April 30, and baptized the next day in Bardsey 
Church. His father, about a fortnight before his death in April, 
1571, entered into an agreement for his marriage with Seanor, the 
eldest daughter of Richard Aid burgh of Humburton, near Borough- 
bridge, which was to be solemnized before the feast of St. Peter ad 
vificuia^ otherwise called Lammas (August 1) then next, if each 
party should thereunto consent and agree. The bride and bride- 
groom were to appear at the wedding in such apparel as should 
be meet and convenient for their estate and degree; a convenient 
dinner being provided on the day of the wedding by the lady's 
father. She had been born about ^Michaelmas, 1553, and brought 
;^3oo as her portion. After Sir Edmund's death his widow 
confirmed this arrangement, and it was further agreed between her 
and Aldburgh that she should have the custody of her son until 
he was eighteen, she doing her reasonable endeavour to bring him 
up at the school or at one of the universities. On June 7, 1571, 
his father-in-law bought his wardship for ;^ioo from Henry Gary, 
K.G., Lord Hunsdon, Governor of Berwick, and lord w^arden of the 
East Marchs of England foreanempst Scotland. According to his 
Inq. post mortem^ he died on April 9, 16 James L (16 18), but this 
is clearly an error, as his will is dated on the 14th of that month. 
He certainly died somewhere about this month, for there is a deed 
dated April 27 in the same year by which his widow and four 
unmarried daughters, Martha, Mary, Dorothy, and Elizabeth, agreed 
to carry out the trusts of his will and to contribute towards the 
costs of any suit which might arise in connection therewith. He 
was buried at Arncliffe in the queare of the church, for which a 
fee of 6j. %d. had to be paid, besides \os. for a mortuary. By his 
wife, who is believed to have survived until 1642, he had issue: — 

1 BSEilliam iK. bom November 24, 1585. Admitted to Lincoln's 

Inn, October 23, 1605. Lost in London. 

2 3ame0 iiil. See below. 

3 Hancelot fH. born April 19, buried April 26, 1593. 

4 (!Cf)ri0topf)cr i^. born February 21, 1595-6. Married 9nne, 

daughter of George Todd of Trenholme, in Cleveland, and 
had issue Timothy and Ellenor. His widow in 1657 took 
out letters of administration to her father ( Yorkshire Record 
Series^ i. 184). 

1 P. K.O., Itiq. p. m. (Court of Wurds)^ 16 fames I., lix. , No. 194. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 109 

5 £"bmun"b fH. bom November 26, 1600. The following is the 
account given of him by the Rev. Canon Raine in his 
History of Mar ske {^Yorkshire Archceological Journal^ vi. 191), 
to which I can add nothing. " His father in his will, dated 
in 1 6 18, states that he had given him forty marks per ann. 
out of Arncliffe, for his life, in accordance with a deed 
made between Sir Timothy Hutton and himself. Mr. M. 
was rector of Crosby Garrett^ in Westmoreland in 1636-46. 
There is among the papers in the House of Lords an 
application, dated February 6, 1646-7, for an order for Dr. 
Aylett to institute and induct Edmund M. to the rectory of 
Marske, with a certificate of his fitness (Lords' Papers, Hist. 
Commission). Mr. M. seems to have left Marske for the 
more bustling and important living of Spalding in Lincoln- 
shire, where he died in 1664. 

(i) Frances, dau. of Philip Ford, = Kdmund M., rector of— {2) I'lizabcth, wid. of Fr. 



rector of Nunbumholme. 
Married there 15 th May, 
1638 a 



Marske. Buried at VVyvill, rector of 
Spalding, co. Lin- Spennithorne. Mar- 
coin, 3rd Scptem- ried there October 
ber, 1664, as minis- iJi, 1652 
ter of that parish 



William, bap. at Crosby Garrett, Kleanor, bap. ibid., 20 July, 1639 

March 9, 1642-3 Frances, bap. ibid., 25 May, 1641 

Philip, baj). ibid., March 26, 1645 Beatrice, bap. at Marske, Feb. 20, 1647-8 

Barbara, bap. ibid., 22 May, 165 1 

I 3llice iW. born April 18, 1578. On October 31, 37 Elizabeth 
(1595), her father granted her a lease, revocable at pleasure, 
for a nominal consideration, of the lower ends of Peaselands, 
as they butteth upon Ingleby Moor : and in the spring of 
the next year she had a similar lease of a piece of land on 
the south-east end of Ingleby Moor, commonly called the 
Thorns, adjoining upon Redcar and Ingleby Beck, newly 
taken out of Ingleby Moor aforesaid, by reason of the 
partition of the said town of Ingleby, and due unto the 
said William for and in consideration of the common raines 
and balks and other his grounds and demains in the field 
of the said town of Ingleby, as it is now divided, severed, 
and set out from the rest of Ingleby Moor. She married 
Richard, son and heir of Richard Tempest of Tong, in the 

* 1636, December 10. Institution of ^ *' 1654-5, Febmary 8, Francis, the a) 

Edmund Mauleverer, clerk, to the rectory ^leare (wife) of Edmund Mauleverer, was 

of Crosby Oarret, vacant by the death of • .^^,^j • ,u« «u««««ii ^c nf 1 » t'v 
tj* u 1 t* 11 c ij *u . r^^ interred m the chancell of Marske. This 

Richard rallowneld, on the presentation 

of Sir Philip Musgrave, knight and «ate is obviously incorrect, 
baronet. 



200 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^:OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



West Riding. Their postnuptial settlement is dated October 
7, 41 Elizabeth (1599).^ She had ^^450 as her portion. 
They had many children. 

2 ^nn ilH. born February 26, 1579-80, married as his second 

wife Francis Pinkney of Silton Paynell, otherwise Nether 

Silton. His first wife, Eleanor, daughter of Spenser, 

was buried at Leake, February ir, 1601-2. They had issue 
William, Lancelot, and Anne, and others. {Visitaiions of 
Yorkshire^ 1584, p. 214, and 1666, p. 326). 

3 Ellinor iifl. born May 20, 1581 ; buried July 9, 1582. 

4 ifKarti)a ilH. born August 2, 1584. On February 11, 17 James L 

(1619-20), Peter Uenton of Stobbelee, in the county of 
Durham, gent., conveyed two capital messuages in Stobbelee^ 
to his brothers-in-law, James Mauleverer and Francis 
Pinkney, upon trust for Martha M. for life, in consideration 
of the marriage which was to be solemnized between them. 
The licence for their marriage is dated in the same year 
{Add, MSS., 29670, p. 172). He was the fourth son of 
Lancelot Denton of Kirkby Moorside (Dugdale's Vtsttatt^n 
of Yorkshire, 63). 

5 liatljerine fH. born January 15, buried January 18, 1586-7. 

6 ffilijabetfj iifl. born May 28, buried November 2r, 1588. 

7 !i0r0ti)2 fH. born September 18, 1589. Married 

Crosthwaite. 

8 iJKarg iifl. born March 24, 1592-3. Married Henry Blakiston 

of Old Malton. In 1658 Henry Blakston of Ingleby-under- 
Arncliff, gent, used as his arms, hvo bars ivith three birds in 
chief and as his crest, a bird. In an old pedigree at 

Arncliffe she is stated to have married Emerson of 

Wardell (Weardale) in Durham. 



1 The trustees were Richard Tempest 
of East Haigh, William Shirtcliffe of 
North Bierley, gentleman, William Hart- 
ley of Branihope, gentleman, and William 
Hewthwaite of Ingleby under Arncliffe, 
yeoman. The following are the names of 
the closes of land in Tong conveyed to 
the uses of the settlement : The Birks, the 
Hill Green, the Wheatroid, Cliff Ing, the 
Broad Ing, the Ox Close, the Nether 
Hobroid, the I^ong Ing, the Cony Close, 
the Well Croft Ing, the New Lands, the 
Moor Close, the HoUings Pasture, the 



Smithy Close, the Ox Pasture, the Coal 
Stubb Ing, the Moor Close with the 
Dammes, the Ring Hey, and a house 
called Hill Green House. 

2 In 4 James I. (1606-7) William 
Denton, clerk, had licence from Tobias 
Matthew, bishop of Durham, to convey 
two messuages and lands in East Stobbe- 
ley. West Stobbeley, and Danyell Leas, 
to Peter Denton, of Farnton hall, gentle- 
man, in fee simple [syih Report of the 
Deputy Keeper of Public Records, 163). 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 201 

9 IBtatfiettne ilH. bom November i6, 1597. Licence for her 

marriage in 16 16 with Ralph Tunstall of Coatham, in the 

parish of Long Newton in Durham, gent* {Add, MSS., 
29670, p. 147). 

10 Hijabetlj iiK. born February 24, 1598. Married at Darlington 
in 1620 Matthew Rymer of Romanby (Longstafife's History 
of Darlington^ 230). 

3anw0 iffl* bom February i, 1 590-1. Married at Richmond, November 
27, 1 61 3, Beatrice, eldest daughter of Sir Timothy Hutton of 
Marske, knight. She was baptized at St. Olave's, York, June 24, 
1596 {Yorkshire ArchcBological Journal^ vi. 238), so that she was 
only seventeen at the time of her marriage. She appears to have 
died about 1640-2. The following are the verses addressed to her 
on her father's tomb in Richmond Church: — 

Felici nimium tu prole beata Beatrix, 

Tam pia tu conjux quam pia mater eras. 
Vitam habuit in patientia, mortem in desiderio. 

Her husband was buried at St. Mary's, Castlegate, York. " April 25, 
1664, James M. esq., prisoner in York Castle buried." They had 
issue : — 

1 Cimotljg ilH. born July 12, 1615. Died an infant. 

2 mailliam fH. born December 10, 161 7. In February, 13 

Car. L (1637-8) he and his cousin John Dodsworth, 
took a garret in Gray's Inn over against Gray's Inn Lane, 
late in the occupation of Sir Edward Fisher, knight, 
containing an outward and inner chamber, and a study; 
being at the north end of the new pile of buildings between 
Ellis's Buildings and Judge Yelverton's Chambers. O. v. s, /. 

3 iWattfjcto fSi. born January 6, 1619-20. Ob. infans. 

4 3ofjn fSi, born May 10, 1620. Ob. infans. 

5 Srimotfis fH. See below. 

6 3ame0 JH. born at Arncliffe. Educated at Ripon. Admitted 

a pensioner of St. John's, Cambridge, October 14, 1651, 
when he was twenty-two years old, his tutor and surety 
being Dominus Wright (J. E. B. Mayor's Admissions to St 
John's^ Cambridge^ 103). Appointed an ensign in the Foot 

* M. A. of Cambridge. Son and heir of daughter of Robert Place of Dinsdale 
Thomas Tunstall of Coatham Mandeville (Fosters Visitations of Durham, 313). 
in the co. of Durham, by Dorothy, 

VOL, XVI. O 



202 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Guards, Colonel Russell being in command of the regiment 
on July 19, 1669 {English Army Lists and Commission 
Registers^ i. 102).^ Made one of the Poor Knights at 
Windsor, 1677 ; Governor 1685. In his will, which is dated 
April 10, 1703, he described himself as of Windsor Castle, 
gent., and desired to be decently buried in the cloisters 
there. It was proved at Windsor, May 5 following, by his 
nephew and executor, Timothy M. According to the family 
bible he died at Windsor, April 17, 1703, in the year of his 
ag^ 75» by cutting off his leg. There is a monumental 
inscription to his memory on the north side of the great 
cloister at St. George's, Windsor. 

7 (Etjmunti ftt. married according to the custom of the Society 
of Friends, at Kirkby Grindalythe, on the first of the third 
month, 16 16,* Snne Peirson of Mowthorpe, and had one 
daughter. He lived at West Ayton in the parish of Hutton 
Bushell, near Scarborough. Both he and his wife were 
Quakers. He died November 27, 1679,' o^ consumption, 
leaving an only child Anne, born on the 26th of the second 
month, 1678, at Scarborough. The widow married the 7th of 
the seventh month, 1681, Matthew Watson, both being of 
Scarborough,^ and the next year they and her child went to 
the province of West New Jersey. In 1696 Anna M. 
married John Abbott, and had with other issue a son 
Timothy, named after his granduncle, Timothy Mauleverer of 
Arncliffe. Descendants of this marriage are ^ill living in the 
State of New Jersey. 

1 (Ri^abetlj ijffli. born October 25, 161 6. In 1638 a licence was 

granted for her marriage at Ingleby Arncliffe with Peter 
Blakiston, 24, merchant (Paver's Marriage Licences, B. M. 
Add, MSS., 29670, p. 313). He was of Newton in Durham, 
and in 1665 of Ingleby Arncliffe. They had issue Peter 
and Beatrix, and William and Duke, who died young. 

2 iJHarg iH. born August 19, 1621. O. s. p. 

3 ffifllincr iH. born October 2, 1622. Married Anthony Nowers, 

of Pluckley in Kent, and had issue many. 

1 Francis Mauleverer was appointed Peterbro' colonel, on February 16, 1678 

ensign to a company of foot in Windsor {/did., i. 183, and iii. 202). 

Casile, Prince Rupert being captain of ^ Hull Monthly Meeting, 

the company, on April 30, 1675 ; ^"^ ^ Edmund Mauleverer. of Pickering 

Ricliard Mauleverer, cornet in his Royal Monthly Meeting, buryed 28th of ninth 

Highness' regiment of horse, earl of month, 1679. 

* Pickering Monthly Meeting. 



. INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 203 

4 Beatrice fH. bom October 13, 1624. Married George Wright, 
of Bolton-upon-Swale {Dugdal^s Visitation^ 97, 98). He was 
educated at Danby-on-Yore under Mr. Smelt, and on May 
14, 1647, when he was fifteen, he was admitted a pensioner 
of St. John's, Cambridge, his tutor and surety being Mr. 
Pauson. His elder brother Francis Wright, aged eighteen, 
who died without issue, being admitted as a fellow 
commoner at the same time (Mayor's Admissions to St. 
John's^ Cambridge^ 83). 

3Eimotf|g fH. born May 12, 1627. Educated at Easington under Mr. 
Smelt. Admitted a pensioner at St. John's, Cambridge, March 26, 
1647, when he was eighteen, his tutor and surety being Mr. Pauson 
{Ibid.^ 82). Married December 19, 1650, Elijabetl), eldest daughter 
of George Metcalfe, of Northallerton {Dugdale's Visitation^ 177). 
She died May 22, 1674, about six o'clock at night, in the 49th 
year of her age, and was buried in the choir at Arncliffe by Mr. 
Lith. Her M. I. is given on p. 139. He died January 24, 1686-7, 
in the 59th year of his age, about four in the morning, of a 
consumption and gout, and was buried at Arnclific on the 27th. 
They had issue : — 

1 3Eimotl)g fH. See below. 

2 Beatrice ^. born January 6, 165 1-2. Died July 14, 1691, 

about twelve o'clock at noon, and in the 40th year of her 
age, in a consumption. 

3 ©li^abetl) fH. born January 11, and buried at Arncliffe, January 

16, 1664-5. 

(Cimotljg fH. born February 25, 1652-3. Licence in 1672 for the 
marriage at Kendal of Timothy M., 19, and ®li}abetl) Bellingham, 
22 {Paver, p. 47 1). She was the eldest daughter of James Bellingham, 
son and heir of Alan Bellingham, of Over Levens in Westmoreland 
They were married the 31st of December in that year. The 
trustees of their marriage settlement were Henry Marwood of Little 
Busby, esq., Henry Bellingham of Over Levens, gent., James M. of 
the city of York, esq., Richard Metcalfe of Haram, escj., her portion 
being ^1,000. "My dearest, dear husband, T. M., died of an 
apoplexy y* i6th of February, at twelve at night, in the year of his 
age 50, wanting nine days, and in the year 1702-3," and was buried 
at Arncliffe on the i8th. He died intestate, his widow taking out 
Letters of Administration. She survived until 17 10, and was buried 
on September 11 in that year at Arncliffe. They had issue: — 



204 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

1 3ame0 fH. born October 23, and baptized at Arncliffe, 

November i, 1675. Died April 22, at five o'clock in the 
morning, 1700, and in the 25th year of his age. Buried at 
Arncliffe the same day. 

2 dimotfjg iH. See below. 

3 IHHiniam fSi* born December 28, 1682, and baptized at 

Arncliffe, January 4 following. Died December 6, 1697, of 
the small-pox, between ten and eleven at night, and at the 
15th year of his age. Buried at Arncliffe on the 8th. 

4 Sllait i!H. born September 25, 1684, and died the same day. 

5 CljomajJ iffl. bom September 26, and baptized at Arncliffe, 

October 4, 1687. In 1704 one hundred guineas were paid 
to Mr. James Coke of Stockton, for placing Thomas M. 
with him as an apprentice. He was a merchant there in 
1 7 19. Died November 14, 1724, of a fever, aged 37 years, 
I month, and 8 days. 

6 Bcllingfjam iiK. born August 10, 1689, baptized at Arncliffe, 

August 20 following. Collated to the rectory of Maghera, 
county Derry, Ireland, April 3, 1723, whither he had gone 
as chaplain to Bishop Nicolson, who had been translated 
from Carhsle to Derry, and ultimately became archbishop of 
Cashel. He married lElijabetlj, third daughter of that 
prelate, and by her had issue, Elizabeth, William, Mary, 
Bellingham,^ Catherine, John, James, Anne, Jane, Dorothy, 
Susannah, Alice, and Richard. Descendants of Bellingham 
M. are still living in Ireland, and are now the only male 
representatives of the family. 

1 19orotf)2 fW. born December 13, baptized at Arncliffe, December 

26, 1677. Died February 22, between the hours of twelve 
and one at night, 1685 6, and in the ninth year of her age. 

2 Elljabet]^ ilH. born April 13, baptized at Arncliffe, April 22, 

1679. ^i^d September 21, 1690, at seven o'clock in the 
morning, of a consumption, in the twelfth year of her age. 

* Bellingham Mauleverer, described as 1759, at St. Lawrence Jewry; and a 

of St. Lawrence Jewry, married Thoma- daughter Elizabeth baptised there, June 

zine, daughter of , and had 2, 1762 (Misrelianea GenecUogica et 

issue James Cuningham Mauleverer, bap- Heraldica^ ii. 474//). 
tised 8 July, 1759, and buried August, 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 205 

Cimciti)g ilH. born July lo, and baptized at Arncliffe, July 13, 1680. 
Educated at Peterhouse, Cambridge. Had a commission as captain 
of the Trained Bands of Foot in the North Riding in 1707 from 
John, Duke of Newcastle, Lord-Lieutenant of the Riding. Married 
July 2, 171 1, 3 ane, daughter of Thomas Hodgkinson of Preston, 
and sister, and co-heir with her sister, Mary, wife of the Rev. John 
Mercer, rector of Eccleston in Lancashire, of Richard Hodgkinson. 
The trustees of their settlement were William Bellingham of 
Rufiford in I^ncashire, esq., and Richard Foster of Preston, esq. 
Mr. Mauleverer was buried at Arncliffe June 22, 1753. His wife 
died at Darlington September 3, 1766, aged 77, and was buried at 
Arncliffe on September 6. By his will, dated June 26, 1751, he 
left each of his unmarried daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, and Dorothy 
^1,100 apiece, to be paid on their marriage with his wife's consent, 
and until then interest at the rate of 4J per cent. They were not 
to intermarry with Samuel Howlett of Stokesley, merchant. He had 
issue : — 

1 CHi'llfam fH. born May 24, 17 16, about ten at night. Died 

January 23, 1732-3, and buried at St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham, 
January 25.^ 

2 STimotljg &l, born September 25, 171 7, about seven at night, 

and died in the same year. 

3 STfjomag iH. See below. 

4 J^enrg iW. born March 3, 1719-20, about nine at night. 

Buried at St. Mary-le-Bow, August 25, 1728. According to 
the family bible he died April 24, 1726. 

5 STimotfjg ilH. born May 17, 1724, half an hour past four in the 

morning. Baptized at Arncliffe, June 2 following. Died 
August 3, 1725, about half an hour past five in the afternoon, 
and buried at St. Mary-le-Bow, August 4. 

1 (SUjabetf) fH. born May 2, and baptized at Arncliffe, May 12, 

1 7 12. April 28, 1756, Mrs. Elizabeth Mauleverer buried 
{^Northallerton Registers). 

2 3ane fH. bom February 15, 1 713-4. Married Zachariah 

Marsingale of Carlton -in-Cleveland, who used as his arms, a 
sta^s head affronth. Marriage settlement dated September 
I, 1742. They had an only child, Jane, who married the 
well-known Doctor Samuel Parr of Stan more, county 
Middlesex. The doctor used as his arms in 1772, <i /a/? 
between two birds, 

1 1 am indebted to the kindness of the late Rev. Canon Kaine for the extracts 
from the St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 



206 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

3 fHarg fH. born August 26, 1722, about one in the morning. 

Buried at Arncliffe, June 25, 1763. She resided latterly at 
Darlington. Her niece Jane Parr was her executrix. 

4 Catfjerme iW. born April 26, 1726, about seven o'clock at 

night, and baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, May 6. Married at 
Arncliffe by licence January 5, 1746-7, Thomas Stones of 
Eckington, county Derby, esq. The trustees of the marriage 
settlement, dated December 27, 1746, were Thomas M. of 
Gray's Inn, esq., and Godfrey Heathcote of Chesterfield, 
gent. She settled ^500, and he lands in Mosbrough and 
Plumley in Eckington, subject to his mother Hannah's life 
interest. 

5 Jiorotljg JR. born about four o'clock in the afternoon April 18, 

and baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham, May 4, 1728. 

SCfjomag iffl. born September 19, 17 18, about seven in the morning. 
Educated at Magdalen College, Cambridge. Barrister-at-Law and 
member of Gray's Inn. Chairman of the North Riding magistrates. 
Married at Gainsbrough, October 24, 1752, Sara]^ ^alDSon, daughter 
and co-heir of John Wilberfoss of Gainsbrough,^ by Sarah, daughter 
of Elias Pawson, alderman of York. He died at Leeds, April 27, 
1785, at five o'clock in the afternoon of the stone, in the 67th 
year of his age, and was buried at Arncliffe. His widow died 
July 13, 1810, aged 77, and was buried at Arncliffe. They had 
issue : — 

1 Cfjomas IH. born early in the morning, August 3, 1757, at 

Arncliffe. Christened September 12 following at Arncliffe 
Church. Sponsors, Mr. Wilberfoss, Mr. Cooper, and Lady 
Wray. Died April 7th, in 1768, at Arncliffe. 

2 3o\}\\ i&, born at Arncliffe between five and six in the afternoon 

of Sunday, May 6, 1759. Christened June 8 following at 
Arncliffe Church. Sponsors, Sir Bellingham Graham, Mr. 
Peirse of Bedale, and Mrs. Turner of Busby. Died 
December 22, 1766, about seven in the morning, at Gains- 
brough, and was buried in the vault there. 

3 ISlicJjartJ fH. born at Arncliffe on April 11, 1768. Died an 

infant February 12, 1770. 

^ Mrs. Mauleverer had three sisters : whom come the Prestons of Flasby in 

Dorothy married William Cooper of Craven ; and Anna or Hannah married 

London, merchant ; Elizabeth married Anthony Wliarton of Carhouse, near 

John Preston of Leeds, merchant, from Doncaster, esq. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 207 

1 JIane born Tuesday, July 24, 1753, a little past eight in the 

morning, at North Stainley, in the parish of Ripon. 
Christened at West Tanfield in the North Riding. Sponsors, 
Mr. Wilberfoss, Mrs. (Jane) Maulevcrer, and Mrs. Woolmer. 
Married at Arncliffe by licence June 20, 1775, Robert 
Lindesay of Loughry, in the parish of Derryloran, county 
Tyrone, esq. She died April 18, 1824, and was buried on 
the 25th at Desertcreat in the same county. Her husband 
died at the age of 85, on January 6, 1832, and was buried 
beside his wife on January 13. They left issue. 

2 £ara{) born in the night of the 9th, or betwixt 9th and loth 

of August, 1754, at North Stainley. Christened September 11 
following at West Tanfield. Sponsors, Mr. Wilberfoss, and 
Mrs. Cooper and Mrs. Preston, her aunts. Married at Arncliffe 
by license, July 21, 1778, John Arthur Worsop of Alverley 
Grange, near Doncaster, and Howden, esq., aged 27. She 
died March 31, 1790, and was buried at Luddington in 
Lincolnshire. Her husband survived her many years, and 
dying August 29, 18 18, was buried with his wife. They left 
issue. 

3 3nne bom May 28, 1756, in the morning between the hours 

of nine and ten at Gainsbrough. Christened there June 29. 
Sponsors, Rev. Joseph Harrison of Pontefract, Mrs. Duncalf 
of Highgate, and Mrs. Elizabeth Wilberfoss. Married at 
Arncliffe, September 14, 1780, Clotworthy Gowan of Hessingby, 
near Bridlington, esq., and of the East India Service. He 
died September 25, 1809, having attained the rank of 
Colonel, and was buried at Weston, near Bath. His widow 
died June i, 1832, and was buried at St. Martin-in-the- 
Fields on June 7. They had issue. 

4 jfrances iH. born in the afternoon of October 8, 1760, at 

Gainsbrough. Christened November 8 following at Gains- 
brough Church. Sponsors, Mr. Wharton, Mrs. Frances 
Ellsley, and Miss Mercer. Died unmarried at Arncliffe, 
January 21, 1827, and buried there. M. I. 

5 fHiitg fH. born between eleven and twelve in the morning of 

September 3, 1766, at Arncliffe. Christened there October 8. 
Sponsors, Mr. Hildyard of Great Grimsby, Mrs. Burton of 
Beverley, and Mrs. Mary Wilberfoss. Died unmarried May 
16, 1833, aged 65, and was buried at Arncliffe. M. I. 

6 £li|abetlj fH. born at Arncliffe, June 8, 1769, about 6.30 a.m. 

Died an infant August, 1769. 



208 THE YOKKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



APPENDIX. 



L 
THE FOURTEEN ARTICLES.^ 

To be diligently enquired of, and particularly answered in writing, by 
the High Constable in every Hundred, and by the Petty Constables and 
Tithing men, of every several Parish, Town, and Hamlet, at the assizes 
to be holden for the County of York, at the Castle of York, on the — day 
of — , 1824. 

L You shall enquire and present the names of all Popish Recusants 
within your parish, above the age of sixteen years, who shall forbear to 
repair to Church according to Law, in this manner, you shall distinctly 
set down the Names of the Master, Mistress or Dame of the Family, 
and the Names of the Servants, by their Surnames, etc., the Names of 
Baptism, and of Sojourners, and above the rest the names of the School- 
masters ; you shall present the names of all such who do not resort to 
Divine Service every Sunday according to Law, and Certify whether the 
Twelve-pence on Sunday forfeited be received and duly employed for the 
Poor, or of whom it hath been received and by whom neglected. 

n. You shall enquire what Felonies have been committed in your 
several Hundreds, Parishes, and Towns which come to your knowledge, 
by whom, against whom, and in what kind of nature, and who hath 
presented the same, and what concealments or connivances have been, 
and by whom, in pursuance of any such Felonies ; and if any such 
Robberies since the Assize have been committed, and you shall certify 
whether any Hue and Cries have been made, and the same been 
prosecuted by Horsemen and Footmen, or by whose Default or Neglect 
the same hath failed to be duly prosecuted ; and also whether Watch 
hath been duly kept for the apprehending of Felons and Vagrants, and 
by whose Default the same hath been neglected. 

in. You shall certify what Vagabond Persons and Rogues have 
been apprehended within the several Parishes since the time aforesaid, 
and what let pass not apprehended or punished, who have been sent to 
the House of Correction, when and how they have been delivered from 
thence, and by whose neglect the same hath happened, and who have 
relieved such Rogues with Meat. 

^ The above was contributed to the * Paid for 14 articles,' and would natu- 

Yorkshire Post of July 19, 1890, by rally ask to what they refer. To such 

A. R., Whitby, who prefaces them thus: — inquirers the following, which is taken 

*' Anyone perusing Old Parish Con- from an old MS. copy, may not be 

stables' accounts must have noticed the without interest." 
items *To ye return of 14 articles,' or 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 209 

IV. You shall enquire and certify what Cottages have been erected, 
by whom, and by what means, contrary to the Statute of Queen 
Elizabeth,^ and what Inmates are entertained in Towns not corporate, 
and by whom. 

V. You shall certify how many Taverns, Inns, Alehouses, and 
Tipling-houses there are within your several Parishes, who keep the 
same, and how long they have kept them, and which of these Alehouses 
are licensed, and which are not, and whether they sell their Ale and 
Beer according to Assize or not, which of these entertain neighbours at 
Alehouses, who have been drunk since the last Assizes, in what Inns or 
Alehouses the same hath happened, and who hath maintained any 
unlawful games there, and whether the number of any such Inns or 
Alehouses in any one Parish be burthensome and more than is convenient, 
and which of them may be spared, and whether the Houses stand in 
convenient Places, or which of them be situated in Nooks, Bye-lanes, 
Woods, or any other secret Places, and likely to be dangerous to People, 
in^respect to entertainments and shelter for Thieves and Robbers and 
other lewd company. 

VI. You are to present all unlawful Weights and Measures that 
shall be used within your Hundred, and whether the lawful Assize of 
bread be kept and observed, and to present all persons within your 
Precinct that offend therein. 

VII. You are to enquire who shall have been, since the time afore- 
said. Trespassers, Forestallers, Regrators^ of Com within the said county, 
or any other county, who dwell or reside within a poor Precinct ; and 
what kind of Grain, or quantity they have been Ingrossers, Forestallers, 
or Regrators^ of, and who are Maltsters in your said Parish to sell Malt 
again, and who use common Brewhouses for Ale and Beer within your 
Parish, and which of them sell Ale to any unlicensed Alehouse. 

VIII. You are to certify all names of Petty Constables, and their 
abilities, and by whom they have been made, nominated, and chosen, to 
the end that men of ability and good discretion may be chosen. 

IX. You are to enquire what kind of Servants have been out of 
their Service, or have put themselves out of Service, their Term not 
being expired, where this hath happened, and what hath become of such 
Servants ; and what unmarried Persons of able body be out of Service, 
and whether they have any means to live without labour, if they labour 
for their Livings, who set them to Work. 

X. You shall enquire what Bridges, Causeways, and Highways are 
in decay in every such Parish, and through whose Default the same 
hath happened, and who ought to repair them, if you doubt whether, 
present both. 

1 31 Elizabeth, c. 7. Penalty for build- ^ Regulators, See 5 and 6 Edw. VI., 
ing a cottage without four acres of land to cap. 14. Who shall be judged a fore- 
it, and the like for placing or receiving . n , . u^ „ ,^ * 1 u 

• ' . 'Tu • . -^11 1 1 stallcr, who a regrator, and who an 

inmates. The inmates were called under- * t* > 

settles in North Yorkshire (North Riding mgrosser, and the punishment of them. 
Record Society y i., 95). 



210 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



XI. You shall enquire what Stocks are provided in every Parish for 
setting the Poor to Work, and what means the Poor are set to Work 
in every Parish, what Apprentices have been placed or bound forth 
in every Parish, and who have refused to receive or keep any 
Apprentice so ordered to be put forth by the Justices of the Peace, 
what Bastards have been bom within every several Parish, who are 
the reputed Fathers, and how they have been, punished, and how the 
Bastards are provided. 

XII. You shall present all profane Swearers and Cursers within 
your Hundreds and Liberties, if they have been punished according 
to Law, and the Penalties levied and distributed to the use of the 
Poor, as the Law requireth. 

XIII. You shall enquire what Riots, Routs, and unlawful Assemblies, 
Batteries, and Affrays have been committed, raised and done in 
every Parish, within the time aforesaid, by whom and when, and how 
the same have been punished. 

XIV. You are to enquire what Constables neglect to punish 
Rogues and wandering persons, and do other things belonging to the 
Duty of their Office, especially those who have neglected to bring in 
their presents, and in all your presentments you are to set down the 
day (as near as you can), and the year, and the Town, when the 
said offences have been committed. 



II. 
PEDIGREE OF COLVILLE.i 

Md qe en temps le Roy Dengletere Henry second apres le conquest, 
autrement appelle Henry fytz Emperisse,* estoit demourant ouesqe 
leuesqe de Duresme, appelle Hugh' Puissant, vn chiualer appelle 
monsire Phelipp* Coluyll', son seneschalle et chaumbreleyn.'* Et pur le 
bon seruice qe luy auoit fait il luy donast lez vilez de Thymylby, 
Foxton', et Ellirbek,* a luy et a sez heirez pur toutz iours, sicoun 
appiert plus pleinement par diuersez chartres, euidencez, et munimentez 
ent faitz. Et le dit monsire Phelipp' auoit issue vn monsire William 
Coluyir son fitz et heir. Et le dit monsire William Coluyll' auoit issue 
vn autre monsire Phelipp' Coluyll', fitz et heir, le quel monsire Phelipp' 
esposast Engelisse, file et heir a monsire Robert Engerame, seigneur 



* This pedigree, which must have been 
drawn up between 141 8, the date of the 
death of Sir John Colville, and 1440, 
when his estates were divided between his 
aunts, is fairly accurate, and appears to be 
derived from materials which have since 
been lost or destroyed. The few errors 
in it are corrected in the notes. The 
prolxible object of the document was to 
assist Mauleverer and Wandesford in 
asserting their rights to the ColviUe 



inheritance against Fulthorpe and Con- 
yers, who claimed St. Helens, Auckland. 

2 Henry II. 

^ His name occurs as a witness to 
charters of bishop Pudsey, but always 
towards the end of his episcopate, probably 
about 1 1 90 [Chartulary of Fituhale 
Priory^ Surtees Society, 44, and Feoda- 
Hum Prior atus Dufielin,^ 206//). 

^ Thimbleby and Ellerbeck in Os- 
motherly parish, and Foxton in Sigston, 
all in Allerlonshire in North Yorkshire. 



INGLKBY ARNCLIFFE. 



211 



de Emeclyf, Dale, et Esthesclerton.i Et auoit issue del dite Engelosse 
vn monsire William Coluyll* son fitz et heir. Et le dit monsire 
William Coluyll' ^ auoit issue vn monsire Robert Coluyll', son fitz et 
heir. Et le dit monsire Robert Coluyll' auoit issue vn autre monsire 
Robert son esne fitz et heir, vn Monsire Robert le puisne, et deux 
autrez fitz, cestassauir, vn monsire Phelipp' de Coluyll', qi auoit le 
manoir de Themylby pur terme de sa vie del doune le dit monsire 
Robert, son pier, et auxi vn autre fitz, appelle William Coluyll' esquyer, 
quy auoit Syggeston pur ter.ne de sa vie del doun le dit monsire 
Robert, son pier ; et lez ambedeux monsire Phelipp' et William devient* 
sanz heirz de lours corps engendrez. Et le dit monsire Robert Coluyll* 
le puisne auoit issue de Elisabeth', sa femme, file a monsire Johan 
Conyers, vn monsire William Coluyll', son esne fitz et heir, et (vn) autre 
fitz de mesme la femme, appelle Phelippott Coluyll' esquyer, qi mourust 
a Sandewythe sanz heir de son corps engendre. Et plus outre le dit 
monsire Robert Coluyll' le puisne auoit deux filez de Elisabeth', sa femme 
auantdite, cestassauoir, Elisabeth' et Marion. Marion mourust sanz heir, 
qar ele vnques ne fuist espose. Et la dite Elisabeth' fuist marrie a vn 
esquyer appelle Henry Sarazyn, neez en lez partez de outre le meir.* Et 
le dit Henry auoit issue del dit Elisabeth' sa femme vne Elisabeth* 
Sarazin, sa file et heir, qi puis demouroit ouesqe la Roigne de Portyngaile 
en Portyngale,^ et fuist marrie ouesqe vn esquyer on chiualer, ne scey 
my son noun. Et le dit monsire William Coluyll', fitz et heir le dit 
monsire Robert Coluyll', le puissne, auoit issue son fitz et heir, vn 
monsire Johan Coluyll*, engendrez de Johane, file a monsire Johan Sire 
de Faucomberg. Et auxi le dit mon sire William Coluyll' auoit vn 
autre fitz appelle Marmeduk, engendrez de Johane, sa seconde femme, 
soer a meistre Antoyn Seynt Quintyn''' ; le quel Marmeduc mourust a 



^ This must he a mistake, as Philip de 
Colville and Ingelisa his wife were plain- 
tiffs in a fine in 1208 against William 
Esturmi, about the dower she claimed in 
right of her first husband, William Fitz 
Robert, in lands and rent in Faicesby, 
Cram bum, and Newesum. At the same 
time they were parties to another fine 
with Stephen Goer on the same sul)ject 
( Yorkshire Fines ^ John (Surtees Society), 
xciv., 145, 146). The marri;ige should 
be attributed to the first Philip Colville. 
As has been already pointed out, En^elisa 
must have been a sister and not a daughter 
of Roljert Ingram. 

^ William Colville died without issue, 
and was succeeded by his brother Robert 
{Cal. Gen., ii., 591). 

^ From the obsolete verb dh'ier, to die, 
which was formed from vie. CJ. Germian 
abieben. 

* The earliest mention I can find of this 
name is in the will of Lucia de Thweng, 
wife of Sir Bartholomew de Fanacourt, 
made in 1346, who left to her maid Alice, 



wife of Sarazin, " rolxim meam de dorre 
cum omnibus apparatis prcdiclne rolxe 
pertinentibus" [Test. Ebor., i., 32). 
Fanacourt was a foreigner himself, and 
may have brought Sarazin to this country. 
They gave their name to a place they 
possessed in Dale called Sarzynhall. 

^ Philipjja, daughter of John of Gaunt 
and sister of Henry IV., married John I. 
king of Portugal, 1 388, died 1415, and 
was buried near her husl)and in the abbey 
of Batalha. 

" Iler Inq. /. ///. was taken at Et<in in 
Bedfordshire, Monday after All Saints' 
Day, 14 Richard II. (November 7, 1390): 
from which it appears that the manor of 
Eton by St. Neots was settled by Sir John 
Dengayne on himself for life, with re- 
mainder to his son John and the above- 
named Joan, the younger John's then 
wife, in special tail, with remainder in fee 
to Sir John's right heirs. The son died 
without issue, and after the father's death 
Joan entered into possession of the manor, 
and died seised thereof. Besides John Sir 



212 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Caleys sanz heir, etc., come il est bien conu. Et le dit monsire Johan 
Coluyll* auoit issue son fitz et heir, vn monsire Robert Coluyir, engendrez 
de Aleyz, file a monsire Johan Sire Darcy, et Issabelle et Johannett. Et 
le dit monsire Robert Coluyll' auoit issue vn monsire Johan Coluyll*, 
son fitz et heir,*qi darreyn^ mourust a Harfleett en Normandy, 3 engendrez 
de Elisabeth' file a mon(sire) William Fulthorp*. 

Endorsed — Pedegre de Colevell*. {Arncliffe MSS.) 



III. 

WILL OF SIR JOHN COLVILLE, KNIGHT, 1418. 

A tous yceux qe cestes presentes lettres verront ou orront endentez, 
Johan Colville de Dale, chiualer, saluz en Dieu. Schatent tous gentez 
qe come jeo, le dit sire Johan, par mon fait ay done et graunte a 



John had another son named Thomas, 
who survived him and died without issue, 
and three daughters, Jocosa married to 
John Goldington of Essex ; Elizabeth, 
who married Sir Lawrence Pabenham, 
and died leaving a son and heir Lawrence 
aged 17 ; and Maria married to Sir 
William Bernake. See also The Genealo- 
gist y N.S., xii., 29, where the three sisters 
are made the aunts and not the sisters of 
Thomas, and daughters of a Nicholas and 
Amice Engayne. Dame Joan Colville 
herself died about St. Matthew's Day, 
September 2i, 1390, John St. Quentin 
being her brother and heir (/«^. />. '//., 
14 Richard II., No. 14). 

* He is said in another pedigree of later 
date to have married a daughter of Sir 
Peter Tilyolf, knight, to whom were 
assigned as his arms. Sable three demi- 
grey hou fids in pale argent ^ the ordinary 
bearing of the Tilliols being, Gules a lion 
rampant argent^ debruised by a bend 
azure (Powell Roll temp. Edward III. 
Reliquary y N.S., iv., 93). His wife's 
Christian name was Isabel, who was alive 
and still his widow in 1437. The asser- 
tion that she was a member of the Tilliol 
family is supported by the fact that in 
June, 1416, John, son of Sir Robert 
Colville, authorized John Feliskirk to 
deliver seisin of his lands in Ingleby and 
Arncliffe, to Sir Peter Tilyolf, knight, 
Thomas Crathorne, Nicholas Cower, John 
Banester, clerk, and John Thomson of 
Tunstall in Cleveland. It is strange that 
contemporary wilh or a little later than 
Sir John Colville of Arncliffe there was 
another John Colville, who married 
Isabella, sister and heir of Robert, son of 
Sir Peter Tilliol of Ilayton Castle in 
Cumberland. His granddaughters and 
heiresses, Margaret and Phillis, married 



Musgraves, and carried their estates into 
that family [Plantagenet Harrison's His- 
tory of Yorkshire^ i., 181, and Burfi and 
Nicholson^ s Cumberland^ ii., 154^. There 
is no doubt, however, they were distinct 
persons, though almost contemporaries 
and with wives of the same Christian and 
family names. The Arncliflfe John Col- 
ville had certainly some connection wilh 
Cumberland. His servant John Robeas 
came from Hoy ton in that county, and 
Roger Whelpdale, one of the trustees of 
his will, was afterwards bishop of Carlisle. 
Still, it is very confusing to find that at 
the Inq, p. w. of Isabella Colville taken 
at Bishop Auckland, April 30th, 1 439, it 
stated her heir was her son William, aged 
eighteen, and that she had died seised 
of the manor of Auckland St. Helen 
(44 Dep. Keeper of Public Records Report^ 
348). 

^ Darreyn means last, as in the phrase, 
assize of darrein presentment^ as sis a 
ultima: presenlationis^ which lies where 
I or my ancestors have presented a 
clerk to a church, and after the church 
being void by his death, or otherwise, a 
stranger presents his clerk to the same 
church in disturbance of me (Manley's 
Interpreter), 

^ Harfleur, on the north side of the 
Seine, near its mouth. John de Assheby, 
a Lincolnshire esquire, also died at Har- 
fleur about this time. According to his 
will, dated September 6, 141 5, and proved 
the last day of the following February, he 
was struck by a stone and so killed. 
'* in viagio domini nostri regis apud 
Ilarflew nuper existens, per ictum lapidis 
ibidem niorte prcventus " (Bishop Reping- 
don's Register, fo. 127, printed in Gibl>v>ns' 
Early Lincoln Wills ^ p. 109). 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 213 

William Fulthorpe, chiualer, Thomas Fulthorpe son fitz, mon uncle, 
Johan Bannastre, chaplain, Roger Whelpdale, clerke, Thomas Crathorne, 
esquier, Johan Durham, et Thomas Robeas, lez maners de Erynclyff et 
Hesterton' (sic) oue lez appurtenaunce en le counte d'Euerwyk, a auoir 
et tenir a eux, lour heirs et assignez a tous iours, come en le dit 
fait pluis pleynment est contenus. Et auxi come par vn fait jeo, le 
dit sire Johan Colville, ay done et graunte a Robert Egle, chiualer, 
Alisaundre Lound, chiualer, Thomas Neusome et Thomas Robeas, lez 
maners de Bodelle et Spyndilstan en le cunte de Northombr'^ oue 
lez appurtenaunce, a auoir et tenir a eux, lour heirs, et assignez, a 
tous iours. Nientmayns jeo, le dit sire Johan Colville, raonstre et 
declare ma pleyn volunte par ycestes, en le maner et forme q' 
ensuist. C'est assauoir, qe si jeo, le dit sire Johan, devie'* saunz heir 
de mon corps engendre, qe adonques mez suisditz enfeffes de lez 
maners de Er3mcliffe et Hesterton' ferrount un chauntre en lez 
glise^ parochalle de Eryncliffe suisdit, et pur un prestre i chaunter 
chescun iour perpetuelle illoquez pur ma alme et lez almez de 
Isabelle ma femme, de mez ancestres, et de mez heirs, et de tous 
Cristiens. Et pur le sustinaunce de ycelle jeo voille qe mez ditz 
enfeffez en lez maners de Eryncliffe et Hesterton suisditz ferrount al 
mortifi'nt* de dise marcs de terre ou de rent, le quelle lour sembel 
le meux, en lez maners ou de lez maners suisditz ; et ceo par^ advice 
de James Strangways, lez ditz William de Fulthorpe, Thomas, mon 
uncle, et Cristoffre Boynton. Et pur lez costagez et expensez entour 
le fesaunce de ycelle, et pur paier mez dettez, declarez en un endentur 
parentre moy (et) le dit Thomas Fulthorpe, par Thomas Robeas, mon 
seruant, jeo voile qe mez ditz enfeffez de lez maners de Eryncliffe et 
Hesterton suisdit prendront lez rentz et profitz de ycellez maners de 
troiez anez apres ma mort ; et apres teux troys anes pleynment finez et 
acomplez ma pleyn volunte est, qe mez ditz enfeffez ferront astate de 
lez ditz maners de Eryncliffe et Hesterton a le fitz puisne Johan de 
Wande(s)forde esquier, sur tiel condicion qe use et port le non de 
Colville, a luy et a lez heirs malez de son corps issuantz. Et s*il 
refuse de porter le non de Colville, adonquez la state serra fait a 
John Colville, fitz William Colville, fitz mon sire Philip Colville, 
chiualer,* a luy et a lez heirs malez de son corps engendre. Et pur 
defaute d'issue male de le ditz Johan Colville, fitz William, et de le 
dit fitz puisne de Wande(s)forde suisdit, lez ditz maners de Erynclyffe 
et Hesterton remeindront a mez droitz heirs pur touz iours, et autrement 
nemy. Purueu tout foitz, qe si le dit fitz puisne refuse le non de 
Colville, ou autrement ne use le dit non de Colville, qe nulle astate a 

^ Budle and Spindleston in North- Scotch law term a mortification, which 

umberland, near Bamborough. is synonymous with the English mort- 

^ See note on p. 211 on this word. main. There is no record of the chantry 

^ i.e. I'eglise. ever having been founded. 

* The form of this word is doubtful, as ^ Pur. 

the writing, which is always pale, becomes ^ See No. ii. , where it is stated that Sir 

here very blurred. It corresponds to the Philip Colville died without issue. 



214 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OI.OGICAL JOURNAL. 



luy serra fait de lez maners suisdiiz. Et pur la oui jeo, le dit sire 
Johan Colvtile, par mon fait endente ay reiesse a Johan Schyplay 
esquier, tout le droit qe j'ay en lez maners de Thymylby, Syggeston et 
Roungeton, oue lour appurtenaunce, neinlmayns ma volunte est, qe 
le dit Johan Schyplay ferra inmediate astate de fefment in fee apres le 
reles a luy liuere, a Thomas Fulthorpe, mon uncle, Johan Banastre, 
chaplain, et Thomas Robeas, dc lez suisdiiz maners de Thymylby, 
Syggeston et Roungton, oue lez appurtenaunce, a auoir et lenir a euic, 
lour heirs et assignez, en fee. Lez quellez Thomas Fuithorpe, Johan 
Bannastre et Thomas Robeas, ferront astate mormayn' inmediate a dit 
Johan Schiplay et a Alice sa femme, a auoir et tener as ditz Johan et 
Alice, sa femme, et a lour assig'nez, pur Jerme de vie du dit Alice. Et 
s'il aueigne, qe jeo, le dit sire Johan Colville, deuie deuaunt mon returae 
alle hostelle, ma playn volunte est tiel, qe lez maners de Siggeston et 
Roungton apres les deces do dit Alice, remeindront a mez droitz heirs, 
rem'e-' de Thymylby oue la ville rem' apres le decesse du dit Alice, a 
Thomas Fulthorpe, mon uncle, et a sez heirs a touz iours. Et en outre 
ma volunte est tiel, qe inmediate apres ma mort mes auauntditz enfeffez 
en lez suisditz maners de Bodelle et Spyndelstan, a Isabelle, ma femme, 
pur tcrme de sa vie, ferront astate en lez maners de Bodelle et 
Spyndelston' suisdiiz, le rem' ent a mez droitz heirs. En tesmoinaunce 
de quelle chose jeo, le dit sire Johan Colville, et Thomas Fulthorpe, mon 
uncle, a ycestes presentz endenCurs auoms mys nostres sealz. Done le 
vint et septisme iour d'Aprille, Tan du regiie le Roy Henry quint puis 
le conquest sisrae. 

Contemporary endorsement: — Wille of sir Johan Coluylle y' died in 
Normandy.* 



^ Query as to the meaning of this word. 
Il may be on or iin. 

» The first letters doubtful, only the 
last three certain. 

' I am unable to expand this word. 
The meaning is, the reversion of Thim- 
bleby.with the vill will rernain after the 
decease of the said Alice to Thomas 
Fulthorpe. 

* Circular seal of red wax, one inch in 
diameter, bearing a shield couch^, with 




of Colville, Orafessguirs and 
in chief threi torleaux, and above it a 
helmet sup|>orting a dragon with a label 
depending Irom its mouth inscribed with 
the motto, " Droit desir." Circumscrip- 
tion, S ; iohis ; colvyll' dc : dale : milit : 
The original, now among (he ArnclifTe 
MS., is written on parchment, and 
although the document itself is in good 
condition, the writing is very much faded, 
and in one or two places the reading is 
doubtful. 



TNGLEBY ARNCLTFFE. 215 

TV. 

RENTAL OF ARNCLIFFE 1434.^ ^ 

ERNCLYFFE. Rentale facta ibidem in festo (in) Cathedra S. Petri, 

xij'"^ Henr. VI. (Feb. 22, 1433-4). 

Thomas Clynt tenet j"" mes. cum j* bouata terre, et reddit per annum vji*. 
Idem tenet j cotagium edificatum, et reddit per annum - xviijV. 

Item unum cot. edificatum in manu domini, quod solet reddere 

per annum [js, 

Rob. Phelipson tenet j mes. cum j bouata et dim. terre, et reddit per 

annum ----------- viiji*. 

Rob. Cuke tenet j mes. cum iiij°^ bouatis terre et j*" cot. edificatum 

et reddit per annum -----.-. xxi*. 
Thomas Kendaille tenet j mes. cum ij bouatis terre, et reddit per 

annum ----------_ xj. 

Joh. Northe tenet j mes. cum j* bouata terre, et reddit per annum xs. 
Will. Mayre tenet j mes. cum iij bouatis terre, et reddit per annum xiiijj-. 
Item unum vastum^ cum crofto in tenura Willelmi Hudson, et reddit 

per annum --------- xviijV. 

Joh. Tomson tenet j™ cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - - [js. 
Item j™ cot. in manu Johannis Wode, et reddit per annum - xviijV. 

Rob. delle Hylle tenet j" cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum ij\r. 

Joh. Plummer tenet j" cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - - ijj-. 
Item unum vastum in tenura Thome Hewthaithe, et reddit per annum xviijV. 
Item j™ vastum in tenura Ricardi Robe, et reddit per annum xviij^. 

Thomas Heswelle tenet j"* cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - ijj-, 
Joh. delle Wode tenet j" cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - [js, 
Joh. Mayre junior tenet j™ cot. vastum cum crofto, et reddit per 

annum - - - xviijV. 

Rob. Pare tenet j"* cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - - ijj-. 
Will. Hudson tenet j mes. cum iij'*"^ bouatis terre, et reddit per 

annum xiiijj-. 

Item unum cot. vastum in manu domini, quod solet reddere per 

annum - ij^". 

Thomas Hewthaithe tenet j"^ mes. cum ij^"s bouatis terre, et reddit 

per annum -- xs. 

Joh. Hirde tenet j" cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - - ijj. 
Joh. Hewthaithe tenet j™ mes. cum ij*»"' bouatis terre, et reddit 

per annum ---------- xj. 

Elena Colson tenet j™ cot. edificatum, et reddit per annum - - iji-. 
Ricardus Jacson tenet j™ mes. cum iiijor bouatis terre, et reddit 

per annum xxj". 

^Besides the rental of Arncliffe, the C/. the * 'cotagium edificatum" of the 

rentals of Dale, £i^ 6s. od., Thimbleby, next entry. Cottages were very movable 

;^io 5j., and Sigston, £$ 12s. 2^/., are matters in those days. They might be 

given. taken from one spot and set down in 

^ That is a cottage, or rather the toft in another. In that case the former site 

which it stool, which was lying waste. would be ** vastum. ' 



216 



THE YORKSraRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Idem Ric. tenet j"" hedlande,^ et reddit per annum - - . 

Item unum parcellum herbagii, vocatum Mylnhylle, et reddit per 
annum ---- 

Item unum parcellum herbagii in manu Johannis Hudson, vocatum 

Ridkerdykes, et reddit per annum - - - - _ 
Item unum parcellum herbagii, vocatum Kyrkdykes, in manu 

Willelmi Maire, et reddit per annum - - - - - 
Item unum parcellum herbagii, vocatum Brakanbark,^ in manu 

Thome Kendalle, et reddit per annum- - - - . 
Item unum parcellum herbagii, vocatum Warmdaille, in 

Johannis Richardson, et reddit per annum - 
Item unum parcellum prati, vocatum Waylandhedlandes,^ in manu 

Ricardi Penros, et reddit per annum - - - - - 
Item unum parcellum prati, vocatum Speteleynges,* in manu Rogeri 

Leper, et reddit per annum - 

Johannes Maire pro libero redditu per annum - . . . 
Will. Barbour pro eodem per annum ------ 

Joh. Traunolme {sic) de Trainolme® pro libero redditu per annum 

j™ libram piperis et j"" libram ciminis. 
Item de libero redditu pro j* parcella prati, vocata Upsaleynges, 

per annum, j*" par calcarum deauratorum, vel viijV. 
Item Rob. Halman de Parva Broghton debet annuatim de libero 

redditu tres (st'c) capita sagittarum latarum, ad festum 

Natalis Domini, et sectam curie. 
Item Abbas Ryuallis debet de libero redditu annuatim pro jo mes. 

in Bildesdaille, vofcato Hewhylle ------ 



• « • • « 

iiijV. 

iijV. 

ijs, 

- vj^. 
manu 

ijj. vjd. 

xxd, 

xvjaT. 
jd. 
jd. 



- viij^/. 



xijd. 



* In Mr. Seebohm's work on English 
Village Communities (p. 4), he explains 
how that normally the arable land of the 
open field was divided into strips, 40 rods 
long by 4 wide, which gives the area of 
the standard acre, and that at the end of 
these 40 rods or furlong, that is a furrow - 
long, was a strip of ground within and 
along the furlong, and across the ends of 
the strips composing it, on which the 
plough was turned, and which was called 
the "headland," or in \jaX\Vi forera. 

^ Usually written Brakanbergh, now 
Breckon Hill. "Breckkns, burk'ns. 
Ferns. The general name for the Filix 
tribe, but from its greater abundance 
especially applied to the common brakes 
or brackens {Pien's aquilina). Growing 
as these do in great luxuriance, and over 
spaces of many acres in extent, on our 
Bank-sides, they are carefully harvested 
in considerable quantities, and applied as 
litter by those who have insufficient supply 
of straw for the necessities of their pig 
or their cow" (Atkinson's Clevelafid 
Glossary), 

^ This word probably means * * wheat- 
land " — headlands. 



* Spital, that is Hospital Ings, belong- 
ing to a lazar-house for the reception of 
lepers. As the leper was living in the 
place, it would appear that there was a 
lazar-house in the parish, although no 
mention of it occurs elsewhere. Other- 
wise one would suppose that the land 
belonged to some leper hospital, such as 
the one at Hutton Lowcross, near Guis- 
borough. The occurrence of leprosy so 
late is worthy of note, as generally hos- 
pitals for this kind of disease disappear 
about the end of the thirteenth century. 

*» Now Trenholme, a name depending 
on the Norse trani, a crane. Cf. Tranby 
in the East Riding, Tranmire in Bilsdale, 
and Traneberg in Ormesby near Middles- 
brough. In 1322 Robert de Tranholm, 
chaplain, had a bird, probably a crane, 
on his seal. 

® Latus. The sagitta lata or broad 
arrow was the arrow with the plain, broad 
head ; the sagitta barbata or barbed arrow 
had the wings projecting behind, so that 
the head could only be drawn with diffi- 
culty out of the flesh. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



217 



Item unum commune furnum in manu Johannis Wode, quod solet 

reddere per annum iiijj-. 

Item unum molendinum ventriticum, quod solet reddero per 

annum -- xixj*. vjV. 

Item unum parcellum prati, vocatum Wavvod^arthe, et reddit per 

annum ----- vja?. 

Item unum parcellum prati, vocatum Skarthfeldendes, continerisi 

tres acras et dim., quod solet reddere per annum - - vijj". 

Somma totalis per annum^ - viij//. xvj". viijV.^ 



V. 
PARTITION OF THE COLVILLE ESTATES, 1439-40. 

Sept. 20, 18 Henr. VI. (1439). Nouerint uniuersi me, Willelmum 
Fencotes de Bisshopton' in com. Ebor. armigerum,* teneri, et per 
presentes firmiter obligari Willelmo Maleverer militi, in centum libris 
legalis monete Anglie, soluendis eidem Willelmo aut suo certo attomato, 
her. seu executoribus suis, in festo S. Michaelis Archangeli prox. futuro 
post datam presencium. Ad quam quidem solucionem bene et fideliter 
faciendam, obligo me, heredes, et executores meos, per presentes sigillo 
meo signatas. Dat. vicesimo die Septembris anno regni regis Henrici 
sexti post conquestum Anglie decimo octauo. 

In dorso, Condicion of this obligacion is this, that if within wretyn* 
William Fencotes stand to the ordenaunce of Robert Maleverer and 
Johan of Thwaytes as for making sure in fourme of lawe certyn' maneres, 
rentes and seruices w* the appurtenaunce, whilk er deperted bytvveene 
the forseyd William and sir William Maleverer, knyght, lyke as apperes 
in a peire billes indentid bitwene thaim made, whilk maneres, rentes and 
seruices thai have be the right of thair wyfes : yat yen yis obligacion 
here no strengthe, and els it here vertu. And in cas be, that the seyd 
Robert Maleverer and Johan of Thwaytes wille noghte take opon* 
yaim to make this mater sure, yat yen the same William to stand to 
oyer two men' like to yaim. 

This bille indentid witnesse that William Maleverer, knight, and 
William Fencotes, squyer, has depertid diuerse maneres, that is to sey, 
the maner of Amclyff w' the towne of Ingilby under Arnclyff, the maner 
of Dale towne in Blakamore, the maner of Siggeston* in the counte of 
Yorke, the maner of Bodille and Spyndilston' in the counte of North- 



* Continent. 

2 The amount should be £^ I'^s. id. 
^ viijj., instead of \'\\]d. 

* In the fifth year of Bishop Neville of 
Durham ( 1442-3) a writ of scire facias was 
issued against William Lomley of Ravens- 
helme, knight, at the suit of Isabella, 
relict of William Fencotes, and William 
Clerk of Ripon, administrators of the goods 
and chattels of the said William Fencotes 
(S4ih Report of the Deputy Keeper of 

vol.. XVI, 



Public Records^ 236). On August 2, 
1 44 1, letters of administration to the estate 
of William Fencotes of Bishopton, esq., 
were granted to Isabel, the relict, and 
William Clerk of Ripon {Reg, Test. , ii. , 
24). In 1365 John Fencotes bore as his 
arms, A chevron engrailed charged with 
the thne voided cinq tuf oils (Durham 
Miscell.,'So.sSs7). 

^ Seal of red wax, broken, bears a 
cinquefoil. 



218 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

umbreland, w* alle thair appurtenaunce, for to have to the seyd William 
Maleverer, kny^ht, Johanet, his wyfe, and to the heyres of thair two 
bodyes lawfully begetyn.' Also the maneres of Heslarton* and Lutton*, 
the maner of Themylby and West Rounton', in the counte of York, 
w' alle thair appurtenaunce, for to have to the said William Fencotes, 
Isabelle, his wyfe, and to the heyres of the seyd Isabelle of hir body 
lawfully begetyn*. In witnesse whereof to this bill indentid the seyd 
William Fencotes has sett to his seal.* 

This indenture beris wittenes, that sir Johan Colvyle dyed seisyd 
of certayn maners, landes, tenementz, rentz and seruis wythe thare 
appurtenauncz, in ye countez of Yorke and Northumberland, that is 
to say, of the manerz of Heslerton', Lutton*, Thymelby, West 
Rowngton', Arneclyff wythe ye towne of Ingylby, Dale in Blakamore, 
Sygeston', w^ ye appourtenaunce, in ye counte of Yorke, and ye 
manerz of Bodylle and Spyndelstone in ye counte of Northumbirland. 
Eftyr whose dede (stc) these saydz manerz, landez, tenementz, rentz and 
seruicez, wythe ye appourtenauncz, dissendyd to Isabelle and Jonet, 
sisters^ and heirs to ye said sir Johan. The perticion of ye saydz 
manerz, landez, tenementz, rentz and seruicez w* thare appourtenaunce, 
be assent and grement of William Fencotz and ye seyd Isabelle, his 
wyfe, one of ye hers of ye sayd sir Johan, and of William Mauleuerer, 
chiualer, and Jonet, his wyfe, tother of ye hers of ye sayd sir Johan, is put 
in award, and ordenaunce, and jugement of Johan Thwaytes and Robert 
Mauleuerer, als it apperes be ane obligacion' that ye sayd William 
Fencotez is bondon* in to the sayd sir William Mauleuerere in c marcs, 
berynge date xx day of Septembre, the shere of Kyng Henry ye 
yj'« after ye conquest ye xviij*. And sembleable wyse ye sayd sir 
William is bondon' by his obligacion' to ye sayd William Fencotez in 
c marcs, beryng date beforsayd. The saydez Johan Thwaytes and 
Robert is agreyd, ordauncez [src), and awardez be assent of ye perties, 
be forsayd, and as it apperis be indenture made by the sayd perties, 
the sayd perticion' to be hade in ye fourme suying, That is to knowe to 
alle maner of people, that ye sayd William Fencotez and Isabelle his 
wyfe salle hafe and holde ye manerez of Heslerton' and Lutton', ye 
manerez of Thymelby and West Rowngton', wythe thare appourtenaunce, 
to ye saidez William Fencotez and Isabelle, and to ye hers of hir body 
begettyn'. And ye sayd sir William Mauleuerer and Jonet his wyfe 
salle hafe and holde ye manerez of Arneclyff wythe ye towne of Ingilby, 
ye manere of Dale towne in Blakamore, the manere of Sygeston', wythe 
yare appourtenaunce, in ye counte of Yorke, and ye manerez of Bodylle 
and Spyndelstone wythe ye appourtenaunce in ye counte of Northumbir- 
land, to ye saydez sir William Mauleuerer and Jonet, and to ye hers of 
hir body begettyn'. And in fulfillyng of this awarde trewly to be keppyd, 
the saydez Johan and Robert awardez, ordanauncez and demez, that the 
sayd sir William salle sewe a writte (/e pertiscione facienda, at ye 
costez of ye saidez perties, and this sayd perticion to be made be the 

* Circular seal of red wax, bearing a cinquefoil. ^ It should be aunts. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



219 



force of ye sayd writt, lyke als ye lawe wille, the next terme eftyr ye 
date of this awarde. And to ye wittenes of these indentures the saydez 
Johan and Robert hase seuerally sette to yer seales. Wryttyn* at Ripon* 
ye iiij^ day of May, the 3here Kyng Henry sext efter conquest xviij® 
(1440). 

Endorsed: — The perticion of Colvil's landes and how herby they 
came to Mauleverer.^ 

VI. 
MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT OF RICHARD WYMAN, Esq., « AND 

BEATRIX MAULEVERER, 1453. 

M<* yat y« x day of Feuer3eer, y® 3eer of reign kyng Henry sext sithe 
y« conquest xxxj, it is agreyd and accorded betweyne sir William 
Mauleuerer, knyght, and Richard Wyman', esquier, yat is to say, y* y« 
said sir William hath grauntid his wille to ye said Richard, to haue his 
doghtour Beatrix to his wyfe. And y' he salle pay, or make to be payd, 
to y* said Richard or his assignez xl//. in manage w* his said doghtour, 
and hir chaumbre. That is to say, first yat my lady, sir William wyfe, 
salle pay yerof x marc ; and y® said Richard salle haue of y* said sir 
William fee at Kirkby Moresheed of Martynmas last past, cj., and of 
Whissonday next cummyng an oyer cj*., and at y® day of manage 
X marc, and at Martynmesse next cummyng x marc, and at Martynmesse 
cum a twelmowth x//"., at Kirkby Moresheed beforesaid. And if it happe 
y' ye seid sir William dye w' in y* day of y* last payment, or afore it, 
yat ye" ye seid Richard schulle be paid by sich personez as are bounden 
to hym by two obligaconez. And more ouer y® said Richard salle make 
a feifement to y« said Beatrix, terme of hir lyve, in two placis of his 
w* in Yorke, y' is to say, oone on ye Payment^ in ye holding of 
*Brownflett, and one oyer in Mekillgate in ye holding of 
"^Sparowe. And yat ye said Richard shalle wedd y« said 
Beatrix afore y* fest of y« Inuencon of Holy Crosse^ next cummyng, or 
wMn X days aftir. And yat yeiz appoyntementes to be fulfilled on ayther 
parte w^owt fraude or covyn,^ ye said sir William byndys hym, his heirs, 



^ Two seals are attached to the deed, 
both of red wax. One is almost entirely 
destroyed. The other, which is in good 
condition, bears a greyhound passant, 
with "R" above and *'M" below the 
animal, evidently the seal of Robert 
Mauleverer. 

^ Son of John Wyman of York. He 
became a freeman of that city in 1443-4 
(Freemen of York^ i., 64). The father 
made his will on February 20, 1432-3, 
proved March 2 in the same year. To 
be buried within the church of the Holy 
Trinity. Ten pounds of wax to be burnt 
around his body on the day of his burial. 
After many charitable bequests he leaves 
to his brother, Christopher, a green cloak 
with a cape, and to his son, Richard, a 
chest bound with iron, with a large bason 



and waterpot {cum magna pelve et lavacro)^ 
and a psalter and primer. Residue to 
Alice, his wife, whom he appointed 
executor together with his son Richard, 
John Elvyngton, and Ralph Croxton 
(Reg. Test., iii., 35Cfe/). 

3 The Pavement. In Hilary Term, 
2 Henry VII. (1486-7), Robert Wyman 
conveyed by a fine to Sir Richard York, 
knight, a messuage in the street called the \ 
Payment, in the parish of All Saints, ' 
York (Yorkshire Tudor Fines , i., 2). i 

* Blank in the original. '\ 

^ May 3rd. 

® Covine is a deceitful assent or agree- 
ment between two, or more, to the 
prejudice of another. From the Middl< 
French, convant, convent ; Latin, coft 
vefttis. 



220 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

and his executourz in c//., to be payd to y« said Richard or his assignez 
for his party. And in ye same fourom y« said Richard byndys hym to 
y« said sir William in c//'., to be paid to y® said sir William or his 
assignez ; and y^" is to be doon by y* advice of councelle of lernyd men 
by both y« partiez chosen. In wittenesse wheroff to othour party of theez 
indenturez enterch(a)ungeablye tha yer sealx has putt, y« seer and day 
above seid. 

VIL 
WILL OF ROBERT MAULEVERER, Esq., 1458. ^ 

To alle true men of Crist, to whome this present writyng shall come, 
Robert Mauleuerere of Wodosum, esquyer, sendes gretjmg. Witt 36 me, 
ye forseid Robert, to hafe maid and ordened by gode deliberacon this 
my last wille, in ye fourme ensuyng, yat is to witt, y' Richard Wyman 
and Johan of Poplay, enfeffed withe me to myne vse by William 
Northerby, in and of a tenement in Skeldergate, in Yorke ; and Richard 
Shortour, Christofer Wilthorp', esquyers, Robert Clerk, prest, Robert 
Forster and William Totty, yeomen, enfeffed to myne vse in and of alle 
ye landes, tenementez, rentes, and seruicez withe thair appurtenance, 
whiche sum tyme were Nicholle Adlyngfletez in Folkerby, Swynflete and 
Estofte,* immediately after my decese make estate sufficiant in lawe. 
in and of alle ye seid landes, etc., to William Maleuerere, my son, and 
to his heyres mail of his body lawfully begotyn, for euer. And yf ye 
seid William dye with owte suche isshu mail, then I wille at alle ye 
forseid landes, etc., be amorteced to a chauntry, to be founded perpetuelle 
at Athelyngflele, in ye wirship of God and the Holy Trenite. Also I 
wille y* William Mauleuerere, knyght, Robert Shefeld, and Richard 
BeltofL, enfeffed by me in and of alle my landes, etc., in Thomour, 
Eltoft and ye milne of Wodosum, immediately after my decese make a 
sufficient estate in lawe to Johane my wyfe, for terme of hir lyfe, and 
after hir decese ye reuersion of a tenemente in ye haldyng of William 
Marshalle, and of a tenemente in ye haldyng of William Erie, to remayn 
to William Mauleuerere, my son, and to ye heyres mail of his body 
lawfully begotyn ; and for defaute of suche isshu, ye remaynder of ye 
seid tenementez to ye right heyres of me for euer. And the reuersions 
of alle ye seid landez, etc., in Thomour, Eltoft and ye milne of Wodosum, 
except ye tenementez in the haldyng of ye seid William Marshalle and 
William Erie, immediately after ye decese of my seid wyfe, to remayn 
to ye right heyres of me for. euer. Also I wille yat ye seid William, 
my son, hafe and occupye my terme of Seynt Johan landez in 
Thornour, paying to ye hous of Seynt Johanez^ ye ferme due and 
accustomed. Also I wille y* Richard Wyman and Johan Poplay, 

^ From the original among the Arn- Egmonton of Fockarby, gentleman, at 

cliffe MSS. As it only relates to real seven marcs (£4 i^s. 4//.) a year for ever; 

estate, it was never proved. which rent was released to the lessee in 

^ In 1549 Sir William Mauleverer 1557 by Sir lulmund Mauleverer in con- 
granted a lease of his lands in Estoft, sideration of ;£"lil 6s. Sd, 
Fockarby and Swynfleet, to Christopher ^ The hospitalof St. John of Jerusalem. 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 



221 



my feffes, make a sufi&ciant Cbtate in lawe to Edraond Mauleuerer, my 
son, and to his heyres, in and of v meses withe the gardyns and thair 
appurtenancez in Yorke,^ which sum tyme ware William Craven ; on 
condicion ye seid Edraond make, or do to be maid, to William Mauleverer, 
his brother, a sufficiant estate in lawe in and of landez and tenementez, 
to ye 3erly valu of x\s. ouer ye repryse, to hafe to hym and his heyres 
mail of his body lawfully begotyn for euer; and for defaute of such 
isshu, ye seid landez and tenementez to reuerte agayn to ye seid 
Edmond and his heyres for euer. And yf ye seid Edmond refu(s)e to 
perfourme hit, than I wille at ye seid Richard and Johan make estate 
of ye seid v meases^ and gardyns to ye seid William Mauleuerere, my 
son, and to ye heyres mail of his body lawfully begotyn for euer ; and 
for defaute of suqhe isshu, to remayn to myne heyres with owte eynde. 
Also I wille y* William Mauleuerer, my son, pay 3erely to dame Margaret 
Mauleuerere, my doghtere, duryng hir lyfe, xiijj*. iiijV. of money. Also I 
wille y* it be lefulle to myn executours to adde or admynysshe this my 
present wille, to ye entent to make hit more lawfulle and strong to 
fulfille ye true and veray entent thair of. In wyttenesse her of I put to 
my scale. These wittenes, Johan Mauleuerere, Henry Mauleuerere, 
William Scot, Richard Marshalle, William Marshalle, William Herryson, 
Thomas Thornton, and other. Gififyn at Wodosom ye Monunday next 
after ye xvo^n^ of Seynt Michelle, in ye 5ere of ye reigne of kyng Henry 
ye sexte, xxxviite (October i6, 1458).* 



VIII. 

WILL OF EDMUND MAULEVERER, Esq., 1488.5 

Condo testamentum meum, ac ultimam meam voluntatem declaro in 
hunc modum. In primis tribuens unicuique quod suum est, do, lego, et 
commendo animam meam summe ct indiuidue Trinitati, beatissime que 
Virginia Marie, et omnibus celi ciuibus, corpusque meum.'' I wylle y* my 
body be had to Bardsay and layd on ye north syde y*' kyrke in y« kyrk 
5erd by twyx y« reuestre and ye lady autur.** Also I wylle y* my best hors 



1 On June 22, 4 Henry VII. (1489), 
Henry Popeley, son and heir of John 
Popeley, gentleman, deceased, convey el 
to William Mauleverer and Robert 
Mauleverer, son and heir apparent of 
Edmund Mauleverer of Wodosom, escj., 
five messuages in the suburbs of the city 
of York, **prout insimul iacent extra 
harram de Mekillith eiusdem ciuitatis 
inter terram nuper Willelmi Holbck ex 
parte una, et viam vocatam Baggergate 
ex parte altera, et extendunt se in longi- 
tudine a regia strata ante usque ad com- 
mune fossatum vocatum Kyngesdyke 
retro ;" which the said John Popeley, his 
father, held together with Robert Mau- 
leverer esquire and Richard Wyman 
gentleman, deceased, to the use of the said 



Robert Mauleverer, of the gift and feoff- 
ment of William Craven. 

■^ Messuages. In 1538 a mease in 
North Yorkshire is mentioned {North 
Riding Records^ iv., 126). 

•^ A quinzaine, i.e. a fortnight after 
Michaelmas. 

^ The seal attached bears a maple leaf. 

'■' This is the draft copy of the will, 
which was proved at York, January 29, 
1493-4 ( Test. Ebor. , iv. , 39). The English 
is curious. 

^ Virgine. 

'^ The testator's Latin seems to have 
failed him, and he has not finished the 
sentence. 

** Ex parte boriali ejusdem eccl., extra 
chorum, ante revestiarium et altare 
B.M.V. {Test. Ebor., iv.,40). 



222 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



and my harnes y* lengyth therto, wyth my haraes for my body, jr* is to 
say, my curesse, my salet/ and y* at lengh therto, to. be my core 
presand.'* Also I wylle there be sett a sertane of serges^ to bum a pon 
my heth* y« day of my berealle, and my viij*© day, and then to be diuided 
in Bardsay Kyrk, parte by fore AUhalow, other parte by fore Our Lady, 
and other parte byfore y^ Santes in y® kyrk, deuided by didcrecion of 
my sectors. Also I wylle ther be iiij torches to bryng me to the grownd 
w« alle, and then ij of thame to be gevin to Bardsay Kyrk, one to 
Thorner, another to Bramam. Also I wylle y* my younger sones haue, 
ylkon of them, yj marke lyuelode^ by yer for term of ther lyfe. And yf 
yt fortune ony of my younger sones to be proferryd in maryage, or by 
benifyce, to y** valow of xx//. serly, so forto indur terme of ther l)rfe, y* yj 
marke then, I wyll y* it remane to my sou Robert, and to my nares* 
folowyng, incontenent after y* had. Allso I wylle tha haue y' in Bottelle 
and Spyndyllstan, and y® resydew at wantyth in other places as y^ dedis' 
mor planly specyfyce. Allso I wylle y' a preste syng for me at Bardsa 
Kyrk wher my body sally® a 3er, and he forto haue vj marke of mone 
and a nobylle for a gown. Allso I wylle y' my seruauntes after my 
decesse haue a quarter vage, and mete and drynke, to tyme be tha ma 
puruay tham w*in. Allso I wylle y* Wyll5am Sm3rth haue, for y« g^de 
seruice y' he hath done me, xxj., jack," and sallett, and halfe a yer 
wage after my decesse, and mete and drynke. Also I wylle y on y« day 
of my berealle be geven to pur folke in almose xxj". in mone. Also I 
wylle y^ my do3ter Bettrace, and so be scho be marryed, y« scho haue to 
her maryage iiij scor marke, and yf so be scho be a syster,io xl//., and 
my purchast land in Yngylbe for terme of hir lyfe, y* I purchast of Jhon 
Mar. Allso I wylle y* my doxter Mariore haue to her mariage iiij scor 
marke. Allso I wylle y^ my wyf Elyenor haue y« hole lordshyp of 
Ernclyfe w* house bute and hay bute,^^ w^ other landis y* scho hath by 



^ A light helmet. 

2 Mortnarium, the present given with 
the body for the church dues. 

3 Certus Humerus cereorum (cierges). 

^ i.e. My head. "Supra corpus 
meum." 

s The older and more correct form of 
the word *' livelihood," i.e. life-leading, 
means'of living. 

®*'Mine heirs." The phrase also 
occurs at the end of this will. 

■^ The deed referred to is probably a 
grant made on April i, l8 Edward IV. 
(1478), by which Edmund Mauleverer of 
Wodosom, esquire, conveyed to Richard 
Aclom, esquire, Robert Morton, clerk, 
and William Bulmer, lands, etc., "ad 
certos denarios assessos sive in certis 
denariorum sum mis levandis seu colli - 
gendis" in Budill, Spyndelstan, arid 
Awnewik, in Northumberland, and in 
Drightlyngton, Adwaldon, Scolccroft, and 
Folyfaite in Yorkshire. The witnesses 
were James Strangwais, William Gas- 



coignc, and William Stapilton, knights, 
John Ardyngton, esquire, John Ogles- 
thorp, and Christofer Chaumbre. Seal 
attached to the deed, one inch in 
diameter, bears a greyhound sitting under 
a tree. 

8 Shall lie. 

^ A coat of mail, also a military coat 
worn over the coat of mail. Mr. Skeat in 
his Etymological Dictionary quotes from 
Cotgraves's French Dictionary : ^^Jaque, 
James, also a jack, or coat of maile, and 
thence, a jack for the body of an Irish 

grey-hound put on him when he 

is to coap (with a wild boar)." Cf. 
Italian gicuo^ a coat-of-mail, Spanishy^i^:^, 
a soldier's jacket. Derivatives from jack, 
jacket and jackboots. 

^ ^ A sister in a religious house. 

^ ^ Materials for mending her house and 
hedges. Boot meaning profit is preserved 
in bootless. Derived from AS. bo't. Hay 
or haw is a hedge, the former being from 
French haie^ the latter from AS. haga^ 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFP'E. 



223 



dede of feftment, and dowr for terme of hir lyfe. Allso I wylle y* my 
sone Robert haue resnabylle ways when he wylle sell ony hages^ at 
Ernclyfe, my wyfe or hir tenauntes to haue y® profyte of y* gresse. 
Allso I wylle y' y* sayd purchast land in Yngylby, after y** decesse of 
my doxter Bettrace, salle remayn to my son Robert and to ys ares, for 
cause I wylle haue hym be better brother to ys younger brether. Allso 
I wylle y* my do3ter Jhane Hopton haue cs, in mone. Also I wylle 
y* my do5ter Esabelle Arthyngton haue a cs. in mone. Allso I wylle 
y« my syster Jenet haue xlj*. in mone. Allso I wylle y' my lyuelode in 
Saynt Elyn Aukland be takyn by y* handes of my sectors, to perfornyth 
my wylle, wher my gudys wylle not strech. After my wylle performyd, 
I wylle at y' lyuelode remayn to my son Robert and«ys escho.'* Allso I 
wylle y^ my purchast land in Thorner, a uobylle of yt, to be geuyd to ye 
Allmose house at Bramam to y® fyndyng of ij Almose^ bedys* for euer 
mor, and to by tham fuelle, for y^ entant I wyll thay take in aged folke, 
and iha be dysloged^ for a neght logyng, or langer, and tha be weder 



an enclosure. Both ultimately come from 
a Teutonic base, //a^j to surround. The 
grant was made by the following docu- 
ment : — ** January 6, 13 Edward IV. 
(1473-4), Sir James Strangw^iys, knt., 
James Strangways of Sneton-, Thomas 
Mountford, John Egmanton, esquires, 
William Snell and George Strangways, 
clerks, granted the manors of Arneclyf in 
Cleveland and Dale in Blakehowmore, 
and half the manor of Siggeston, and 
lands, etc., in the manor or vill of 
Yngleby under Arneclyf, to Edmund 
Mauleverer, esq., and Alianora for their 
lives, * cum racionabilibus estoueriis, 
housbote, et hay bote, infra maneria, 
terras, et ten. predicta, ad edificandum et 
comburendum debiio modo, prout decet, 
durante tota vita eiusdem Alianore, saluo 
tamen et resenialo nobis et her. nostris 
toto bosco crescente in et super maneria, 
terras, et ten. predicta, ultra racionabilia 
estoueria, housbote et hay bote prediciis, 
durante vita eiusdem Alianore.' " These 
premises had been granted to the donors 
by Mr. Mauleverer with other lands, etc., 
in Dale, which at his request they had 
granted to Robert Mauleverer, his son 
and heir, and Jane his wife, in tail. The 
witnesses to the deed were John Conyers, 
Richard Strangways, and Edmund Has- 
tynges, knights, Christofer Wandesford, 
Roger Aske, and Robert Laton, esquires. 
One of the seals l)ears a squirrel, a 
Strangways device I believe. Of the other 
four remaining, two bear a bird flying, 
one a full blown flower with six petals, 
and the fourth a branch. 

^ /fa^j a certain division of wood in- 
tended to be cut. In England, when a 
set of workmen undertake to fell a wood, 



they divide it into equal portions by 
cutting off a rod, called a Hag-staffs three 
or four feet from the ground, to mark the 
divisions, each of which 'is called a Hag^ 
and is considered the portion of one 

individual The word was also 

applied to a small wood or enclosure. 
The park at Bisiiop Auckland was for- 
merly called the Ha^; (Halliwell, s.v. ). 
Mr. Atkinson in his Cleveland Glossary 
proceeds : " Whitby Glossary gives ^ Hag^ 
a coppice; supposed, says Mr. Marshall, 
to be the woodland set apart by the lord 
of the soil as fuel for his tenants.'" In 
either case the reference is to ihe act of 
cutting, or chopping, as almost appears 
on the surface in the sentence quoted 
by Jaiuieson from the Dumliartonshire 
Statistical Account : " The oak woods are 
of such extent as to admit of being 
divided into 20 separate hags^ one of 
which may be cut in every year." Com- 
pare Swedish hygge, felling of trees ; and 
O.N. hoggva, Swedish hogga, Sw. Dia- 
lect hagga^ hogga, Dan. hugge^ to hew. 
Note also German hag^ a wood, forest, 
thicket, grove, the connections of which, 
however, are with English haw^ hedge, 
etc. It is more than possible that there 
are two words confused together in our 
Hags one corresponding to Swedish 
hygge, and one to German hag. 

-^ Issue. 

3 Elemosinariis. 

* That is the people who were to pray 
for him. A.S. gebedy a prayer. 

s An uncommon use of the word. It 
is clear from the Latin hospitabuntur^ 
that the testator intended that the aged 
folk should have lodging for one night or 
longer. 



224 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



sted,* or seke ; but not for euery gangrelle'' y' goyth aboute. Also I 
wylle y' a nother nobylle of y* same land be takyn euery ser to make a 
nobette* w' alle in Bardsay Kyrke, for me, and my wyfe, and alle myn 
auncetors by past. Allso I wylle at y« resedew of y« same land be 
takyn and gar* a trentalle^ of messes be done euery ser in y« FreerS 
Austyns at Yorke, for me, and my wyffe, and all myn auncetors, for 
euer mor. Allso I wylle y* my wyffe Elyenor, my son Robert, and 
ys ares after hym w^ y*' wycar of Bardsay, who so euer he be, to 
haue y* rewle of y** sayd land in Thorner, to performe my wylle 
w* alle. Allso I wylle y' my son Robert haue alle y® purchast land 
in Wodosom parke, to hym to ys ares for euer mor. Allso I wylle 
y' my son Robert haue alle y* stufe y' langyth to my chapelle, 
chalesse, mesbuke, portese,^ sauter pye.'^ Allso I wylle y' my son Robert 
haue a standyng pece, couerd, demy gylt, waled,® a basyn, and a 
newer® gylt, y*^ grett chamber howng^o y/t ye \^q^ ^nd alle at langyth 
therto and y* best coueryng for yt; and I wylle y*^ be left for are- 
looms^ ^ for tham y* cumyth after. Also I wylle y' my wyfe Elyenor 
be my principalle sector, my son Robert Mauleuerer, my cos)ni 
Rychard Acclum, my son, John Hopton, Robert Teylle, y^ make I my 
sectures to performe my wylle. Also I wylle at y* wode place where my 
body salle ly be made vp and y« autur remoud to y« reuestre. Allso 



* Cf. the phrases, weather-bound, 
weather-laid, weather-stayed. 

3 Non vero inhonestos vel malae con- 
versationis vagabuttdos hospilabuntur. 
Gangrelly which is slill in use in Scotland 
with the same meaning of a Ueggar or 
pedlar, is a diminutive of contempt from 
the word ganger^ a goer, a term now 
usually, if not exclusively, applied to a 
horse. 

3 An obit. In the same way the letter 
n has been added in newt, nickname 
(ekename), and lost in auger, adder, 
orange, apron. 

* Make. 

^ A Trentale of Masses was a series of 
masses for the dead said daily for thirty 
consecutive days. The expression seems 
occasionally to have been used of a com- 
bination of thirty masses for the dead 
said on one day. Also called at times 
**St. Gregory's Trentale,'' probably 
because St. Gregory relates {Dialogues^ 
iv., 55) that he once ordered a priest to 
offer the sacrifice for thirty consecutive 
days for the soul of a monk who had 
broken his rule. Trentales did not 
become usual before the eighth century. 
The lengthened observance of thirty days 
was obviously suggested by Numbers xx. 
29 and Deut. xxxiv. 8 [this is misprinted 
24 (xxiv.) 8 in Smith]. See for more on 
the subject Smith's Dictionary of Christian 
Antii^uities^ under *'Obse(|uies." 



^ Portiforium, or Breviary. Also called 
in English portfory^ porteau^ portuisse : 
all from the Latin through the French 
portehorsy and indicative of the portability 
of the book, ** quod foras facile portari 
posset. " 

■^ The word pie is a French form of the 
Latin pica^ which was the old name for 
the Ordinale: '*quod usitato vocabulo 
dicetur//V<z sive directorium sacerdotum." 
Sarum Breviary, fo. i, cited in Proctor, 
On the Book of Common Prayer, p. 18 
(Skeal's Etymol'gical Dictionary ^^.\, pie). 

** By this term is implied an ornamen- 
tation consisting of a circular projection, 
probably more than one in number, round 
the cup, which in the days before casting 
was invented, could only have l)eea 
effected by the slow and difficult process 
of hammering, which must have made the 
vessel much more costly. The word wale 
or weal properly signifies the mark of a 
stroke of a rod or whip upon the flesh, 
which raises a ridge on it. A.S. walu 
with the same meaning, which comes from 
a Teutonic root IValUy a round stick, 
appearing under the forms voir and vol 
with that meaning in Icelandic, and 
Swedish dialects. 

^ Cf. a. nobette above. 
'^^ Lez hangings magnce camerae. 
^^ Heirlooms, 



INGLEBY ARNCLIFFE. 225 

I wylle y' yf ther de ony of y* pur folke of y*' Allmosse house, then 
wylle, y* my wyfe Elyenor and my son Robert to put a nother in, 
sykon as tha thynk most allmose, and after ther decesse 1 wylle my 
nars be in y® same rewle to put in wher most almose ys.^ 

IX. 
WILL OF WILLIAM MAULEVERER OF ARNCLIFFE, 

Esq., i6i8.^ 
In the name of God Amen. The fouretenth day of Aprill in the 
yeare of our lord, one thousand sixe hundreth and eightene, I, William 
Mauleuerer of Amecliffe, in the county of Yorke, esq., of the parish of 
Ingleby Amecliffe, whole of mynde and of good and perfect remembraunce 
(praised be God), doe make my last will and testament in maner and 
forme folowing. First I giue my soule to Almighty God the Father, 
Sonne, and Holy Ghost, trusting to be saued by the death, passion, and 
merilts onely of my lord and sauiour Jesus Christe, to whom with the 
father and the holy ghost, three persons and one God, be all honour and 
glory now and euermore. Amen. And my body to be buried in Christian 
buriall where it shall please God to appointe. Item I will that my 
daughters Martha, Dorothy, and Mary (if the said Mary be not otherwise 
provided for in lewe theirof before my death), and Elizabeth, shall haue 
euery one of them, three hundreth pounds to their porcions, if my goods 
will extend to the same ; and if they will not, that then the West Field 
which I bought of William Sympson shalbe solde to make vp their said 
persons, so farre as it and my goods will reach, and whatsoeuer it shrill 
amount to more, I will that my sonne Christofer shall haue the same, 
paying vnto eueryone of my children's children nowe living ten shillings; 
and if my goods wilbe sufi&cient besydes to make vp euery one of my 
said daughters three hundreth pounds porcion, then I will and bequeath 
the said close to my sonne Christofer Mauleuerer paying as aforesaid : 
to whom I haue given Myles fearme for his life also, as in a deed 
theirof made doth appeare ; as I haue also giuen fortye marks by yeare 
to my sonne Ed[mond] for his life out of my lordshippe of Amecliffe, 
as by a deede theirof made doth more at large appeare, according to 
the deede of couenaunts betwixt Sir Timothie Hutton and mee. All the 
rest of my goods, my debts and funerall expences (which I will to be 
liberall to the poore) discharged, except such legaces as shall here- 
after be mentioned, I giue and bequeath to Elleanour my wife and 
to my said vnmarried daughters to be equally divided amongst them, 
whom I ordayne to be executours of this my last wilU and testament. 
Item I giue to my nephewe George Gower twenty pounds, in 
consideracon of all debts which I owe hym. Item I will that my niece 
Margrett Gower' s* porcon be made twenty pounds. Item I giue to my 

1 Seal destroyed. Not signed. and Margaret, " my now wife," gave a 

^ From the original amongst the Arn- receipt to Eleanor Mauleverer, widow and 

diffe MSS. Also entered Re^. Test.., one of the executors of William Mau- 

XXXV., l88^. leverer of Arncliffe, esq., for /"20 in full 

^ On March 29, 1620, Thomas Dowker satisfaction of such debls, legacies, gifts, 

of Newbiggin in Northumberland, clerk, and bequests of the said William Mau- 

VOL. XVI. Q 



226 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH-GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



daughter Alice and my daughter Anne, either of them, one of my best 
silver bowles. Item I giue to my sonne James my tent, dnimmes, and 
armour, and the rest of my plate not bequeathed, and after his mother's 
death all my sealing at Arnecliffe, so as my said daughters* porcions 
amount to three hundreth pounds a piece. Item I giue to my servants 
euery one a quarter's wages more than is due. Item I giue and 
bequeath to my daughter-in-lawe Beatrice Mauleuerer one other of my 
best silver bowles. Item whereas their is an intendment of mariage for 
my daughter Mary,^ in parte of whose porcion Drye Lea house with 
certaine grounds theirvnto nowe belonging, which I lately bought of 
William Sympson,^ of which I have letten a lease to George Hunter, is 
to be passed ; my minde is, if the said mariage take not eifect, then I 
will, giue and bequeath the said Dry Lea house and the said grounds 
to my said daughters Martha, Dorothy, Mary and Elizabeth, toward the 
making vp of euery one of my saide foure daughters three hundreth 
pounds a-piece. Item my will is and I appoint that whereas I together 
with my son-in-lawe, Francis Pinckneye, doe stande bounde jointly and 
seuerally in twoe seuerall bonds of four hundreth marks for the discharge 
of twoe hundreth marks in respect of my daughter Catherins* porcion, 
due at such dales and tymes, and to such persons, as doth appeare by 
the said bonds, my will I say is, and I appoint, that my executours shall 
presently after my death sett forth so much goods at the sight of foure 
indifferent men, as shall amounte to the said summe of two hundreth 
marks (being the due debt vpon the said bonds), to my said sonne-in- 
lawe Francis Pinckney for his discharge therein. Item 1 giue to my 
Sonne James a twoe and twenty shillings piece of golde. Item I giue 
vnto my sonnes-in-lawe, Francis Pinckney and Raphe Tonstall, and my 
daughter Catherin, euery one of them, other twoe and twenty shillings 
piece of golde. And doe make my said sonne James, and my said 
sonnes-in-lawe, Francis Pinckney and Raphe Tonstall, supervisours of 
this my last will and testament. In witnesse whereof I haue herevnto 
sett my hand and seale, the said fouretenth day of Aprill, in the said 
yeare of our Lord God, one thousand sixe hundreth and eightene. 
Willi' m Mauleuerer.* 



leverer to them given or bequeathed. 
Signed "Thomas Dowker, minister." 
He uses as his seal one bearing three 
combs, which really belonged to one of 
the witnesses, Ralph Tunslall. 

^ The word ** ceiling " signifies not only 
vaulting or ceiling, but also the canopy or 
baldaquin over an altar ; the hangings of 
estate over a throne which are sometimes 
termed daiSy from the throne being placed 
in the part of the apartment to which that 
name properly belonged ; and lastly the 
canopy of a bed, ** celler for a bed, del 
de lit" (Prompionum Parvulontm, s.v. 
Ceelyn'). The word is here used in the 
sense of a canopy, as by Milton in 
Paradise Lost^ xi, 743 : 

'* And now the thickened sky 

Like a dark ceiling stood. '' 



2 Unmarried at the date of her father's 
death. Afterwards the wife of Henry 
Blakiston. 

^ This purchase was made in 16 1 7. 
The proj^erty bought was Dry I>ea House 
alias Fowkelde, now Fowgill, in the 
parish of Ingleby Amcliffe, the price 
being ^^'250 {North Riding Recordsy iv, 

145). 

* Wife of Ralph Tunstall. 

^ Witnesses, Tho : Crathorne, ffr : 
Pinckney, Raphe Tonstall, Marke Lyell, 
Jo: Tyrry. — Seal defaced. Endorsed, 
««\^rm Mauleuerer will and testam* came 
the xxjojanuarii, 1624." Proved October 
1, 1618, by the widow. 



THE HUDDERSFIELD ARCH^OLOGICAL AND 

TOPOGRAPHICAL ASSOCIATION, 

FOUNDED JN 1864. 

By Sir THOMAS BROOKE, Bart., F.S.A., President of the Society. 

I HAVE been asked by the Honorary Secretary of our Yorkshire 
Archaeological Society, to give some notes of the early history of 
its original formation, down to the time of its adoption in 1870 
of the title which is now so familiar to us. It is believed that 
many of our members are ignorant of the fact that the existing 
Association is a development or expansion of the purely local 
Society whose designation is prefixed to this paper; and as I am, 
unfortunately, the only survivor of the first Council of that Society, 
I must respond to the Secretary's appeal. 

I might almost have contented myself by a simple reprint of 
the first report of the Huddersfield Association, and I must certainly 
give some extracts from it, inasmuch as it seems to me to contain 
in a concise form the precise information which I have been asked 
to put on record. 

"In 1863 a few gentlemen interested in archaeological pursuits 
met from time to time in their respective houses, to discuss matters 
of archaeological interest in this neighbourhood. As the friendly 
gathering extended its circle, it was proposed to form a Society 
which should embrace all the antiquaries of the district. A special 
meeting was called to discuss the feasibility of organizing an 
Archaeological Society for the parishes of Kirkburton and Almond- 
bury. The Society was formed ; officers pro tern, elected ; members 
invited to join, and assistance solicited. But it was soon found 
necessary to enlarge the area of operations \ and at a subsequent 
meeting it was resolved that the researches should extend over the 
deanery of Huddersfield. A prospectus was printed and circulated 
widely through the deanery. That prospectus stated the objects of 
the proposed Association to be * The examination and preservation 
of the Ancient Records which 7vere known to exist in Huddersfield 



228 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

and its neighbourhood;' to search for ^Ancient Charters, and 
Documents ' in every parish ; not only among the landed proprietors, 

but also among the working classes The following 

duties were then laid down for the Association : — 

I. To preserve and illustrate the Ancient Monuments, History, and 

Customs of our Ancestors. 

II. To collate and transcribe Ancient Charters, Deeds and Docu- 

ments, with the ulterior view of employing them as material 
for a compilation of the History and Topography of this 
locality. 

III. That the immediate sphere of their researches and operations 

shall be primarily connected with the four extensive and 
important parishes of Almondbury, Huddersfield, Kirkburton, 
and Kirkheaton, comprising the Deanery of Huddersfield ; but 
not to exclude any matters of a kindred character which the 
Executive of the Association shall deem necessary or interesting. 

"A public meeting was held in the Gymnasium Hall, on the 
evening of Friday, the 8th July, 1864; which was presided over by 
our President, Dr. Turnbull. The meeting was a preliminary one. 

"On the nth November, 1864, a second public meeting was 
held in the rooms of the Huddersfield Literary and Scientific 
Institute, when the Rev. Charles Augustus Hulbert, M.A., presided; 
and the rules of the Society as proposed on the 8th July were 
adopted; the members of the Council nominated; and the officers 
elected. These rules were afterwards altered at a Council meeting, 
on the 22nd March, 1865, and the new rules were submitted by 
them to the general meeting of the 3rd June, 1865, and adopted. 
The chief emendation lay in the * object' and * operations' of the 
Association, as will be seen by comparing them. The area of the 
work is extended to the South-western part of the county of York ; 
and was found necessary in order to embrace some important 
towns in the vicinity of Huddersfield, aud also to induce some 
Archaeologists to join the Association who were holding back on the 
plea that we were merely a local Society." 

The report concludes by stating that in November, 1864, forty 
members had been elected, and that a year later the members had 
increased to seventy. 

I venture to think that some personal identification of the "few 
gentlemen" who in 1863 met from time to time "to discuss matters 



THE HUDDERSFIELD ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 229 

of Archaeological interest," as named in the above extract, will add 
vitality to this record. I am not sure that either Mr. John Nowell, 
of Farnley Wood, or Dr. J. K. Walker, of Deanhead, was ever able 
to be actually present at those meetings, but they were both in 
frequent communication with the circle, and I do not hesitate to 
ascribe to Mr. Nowell the inspiration which led to the ultimate 
organization of the Society. Both of these gentlemen were lifelong 
devotees to antiquarian research, and their concurrence at an 
advanced age in the measures taken for the formation of the 
Association was always felt to have given a dignity and honour 
which otherwise it might have lacked. No one was more diligent in 
his attendance at these informal gatherings than the honoured 
historian of Kirkburton and the Graveship of Holme^ H. J. 
Morehouse, Esq., F.S.A., so well known as Dr. Morehouse : and no 
one who knew him will doubt the assertion that the well-filled stores 
of his memory afforded often the chief materials for the discussion. 
Dr. TurnbuU — who was eventually the first President of the Associa- 
tion — must not be omitted from the list of those who were the 
precursors of the organization. The Rev. George Lloyd, of 
Thurstonland, was the convener of the meetings, and the circum- 
stance of his living within an easy walk of Dr. Morehouse had 
much to do with their arrangement. As will be seen, he became 
the first Secretary of the Association, and held the position till his 
removal to the county of Durham. I must also mention the Rev. 
Thomas James, of Netherthong, an antiquary of much repute. He 
was Editor of the Journal of the Cambrian Archceological Society, and 
his bardic name of Llallawg was a text on which Mr. Lloyd made 
many jokes. I was myself a member of the little confraternity, 
and I look back with much pleasure on my association with the 
members whose names I have noted, and who were perhaps as 
various and distinct in their particular idiosyncrasies as could ever 
be found united in one common pursuit. They were good friends, 
and I revere the memory of each and all of them. 

But I must proceed with the history of the Association. The 
public meetings of July and November, 1864, fairly launched the 
ship on the sea of archaeological research, and the following list of 
its first officers will shew that it had every reason to hope for that 
wind of public approval which subsequently followed it. 



230 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

patron : 

The Right Hon. the Earl OF DARTMOUTH. 

Sir Geo. Armytage, Bart. 

Sir John Ramsden, Bart., M.P. 

Sir Joseph Radcliffe, Bart. 

E. A. Leatham, Esq., M.P. 

H. F. Beaumont, Esq. 

C. H. Bill, Esq. 

\Vm. Turnbull, Esq., M.D. 

Rev. Canon Holmes, M.A., Vicar of Huddersfield. 
Rev. C. Alderson, M.A., Rector of Kirkheaton. 

Rev. L. Jones, Vicar of Almondbury. 
J. K. Walker, Esq., M.D., Cantab., F.S.A., Sc. 

John Nowell, Esq. 

Cauitctl : 

George F. Beaumont, Esq., Steps, Honley. 

Joseph Beaumont, Esq., Jun., Greenhead. 

John Graham Berry, Esq., West Riding Bank. 

Major J. Bradbury, New North Road. 

Major r. Brooke, Armitage Bridge House. 

Rev. J. C. Clarke, M.A., Incumbent of Moldgreen. 

J. P. Dowse, Esq., Belgrave Terrace. 

Rev. A. Easther, M.A., Almondbury. 

Rev. H. E. Garnet, M.A., Incumbent of Friar Mere. 

Rev. C. A. HuLiiERT, M.A., Incumbent of Slaithwaite ; Author 
of Annals of Slaithwaite, 

Rev. Thos. James, Llallawg, F.G.H.S.; Member of the Cambrian 
Archaeological Association ; General Secretary of the Cam- 
brian Institute ; and Editor of the Cambrian JournaL 

Rev. George Lloyd, Honorary Secretary. 

Robert Meller, Esq., Holmfirth. 

Henry J. Morehouse, Esq., Stony Bank; Author of the 
History of Kirkhurton, 

Geo. Tindall, Esq., Hon. Sec. of Huddersfield Literary and 
Scientific Society. 

Geo. D. Tomlinson, Esq., Ramsden Street. 

Rev. E. C. Watson, Incumbent of Meltham. 

I^aiiarar^i Cr«a^urrr: 

Thomas Brooke, Esq., Armitage Bridge. 

)ganorarp g^errctar^ : 
Rov. George Lloyd, Thurstonland, near Huddersfield. 

Crus'ter^ : 
The President, Honorary Treasurer, and Honorary 

Secretary, for the time being. 



THE HUDDERSPTELD ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 231 

Before, however, the issue of the first Annual Report, the names 
of Ed. Akroyd, Esq., M.P., and Thos. P. Crosland, Esq., M.P., were 
added to the number of Vice-Patrons — and amongst other changes 
in the composition of the Council, a notable addition thereto was 
made in the person of Fairless Barber, Esq., F.S.A., who soon 
succeeded Mr. Lloyd as Secretary, and whose indefatigable exertions 
in that capacity contributed much to the success both of the 
Huddersfield Association and of its still vigorous successor. 

It may perhaps be doubted whether the Society was able to 
follow up with effect all the objects which it contemplated. It may 
however be mentioned that one of its first steps was to establish a 
^^ Miscellany of MSS.,^^ some of the contents of which have been 
printed in this Journal^ and which may fairly be regarded as a 
forerunner of the present Record Series. 

At a very early stage of its existence the special attention of the 
Association was directed to the vexed question of the site of 
Cambodunum, and this attention was accentuated by the reading (at 
a General Meeting on June 3, 1865) of an important paper by Dr. 
Walker, on the hypocaust, which he had discovered at Slack some 
years before. So much enthusiasm was excited by this paper, that it 
was determined to raise an independent fund for excavations with 
a view to settling for ever the long dispute. Arrangements were 
made with the owners and tenants of the land; ;^t4o was specially 
contributed for the work ; and during its progress nearly ;^3o was 
received for admissions to the ground and Museum. Mr. Fox 
was the Clerk in charge of the excavations, but the Rev. Mr. Lloyd 
(prior to his removal to Darlington) was able to give much personal 
superintendence to their progress. It is no part of my task to give 
any account of the discoveries made. It is sufficient to say that 
they were almost universally accepted as proof that the site of 
Cambodunum was now really ascertained, and, in the words of 
the Society's Annual Report, it may be added that the excavation 
had "become a work of interest for all England." It may perhaps 
be added that a further elaborate paper was read by Dr. Walker at 
a meeting held at Slack on the 13th April, 1866, and a most 
valuable discussion ensued, in which Mr. Barber, Mr. Leyland, the 
Rev. Canon Hulbert, and others took part. 

It has already been intimated that Mr. Lloyd was about this 
time called to responsible clerical work in the diocese of Durham; 
he was consequently obliged to resign the Secretar>'ship : and at the 



232 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Annual Meeting, on January 30, 1867, it was also announced that 
Dr. Turnbull — the President — had felt it necessary to retire from 
that position. The Council had heard of this intention at an early 
period in 1866, and on September 10 had nominated the writer of 
this paper as his successor, and had appointed Mr. Fairless Barber 
to the Secretaryship. On the following day, September 11, Mr. 
Barber issued a circular to the members announcing his accession 
to the office and appealing for increased support for the work of the 
Association. 

The Report presented in January, 1867, contained an interesting 
account of the Slack excavations and of other good work under the 
auspices of the Society. The list of members now comprised ninety 
names. At this meeting several objects of interest were exhibited, 
and the following papers were read : — 

.. On Roman Roads . . . \^y ^Jf^J^"^^ ^^"^^ °^ 

2. On Early Antiquities of the District . By Rev. T. James, F.S.A. 

3. On Etymology Applied to Topography By Dr. Walker. 

4. On Some Roman Coins from Slack . By Mr. Fairless Barber. 

A meeting of the Council was held at Outlane (Slack) on May 
20th, 1867, after which the antiquarian remains which abound on the 
borders of the parishes of Halifax and Huddersfield were inspected, 
under the able guidance of Mr. J. S. Stott, "whose intimate practical 
knowledge of the district for upwards of forty years added greatly 
to the success of the expedition." A full report of this day*s 
proceedings was given in the Huddersfield Examiner of May 25th. 
On August 28th the first general excursion of the members and 
their friends was made, and Kirkheaton, Kirkburton, and Almondbury 
Churches were visited, as well as Woodsome Hall and the earthworks 
of Castle Hill. 

After the Annual Meeting on January 23, 1868, a new departure 
was made, for a General Meeting and Conversazione were held, and 
a most comprehensive Exhibition of Seals, Brass Rubbings, Heraldic 
Drawings, Tiles, Flints, Coins, Plans, Engravings, MSS., and early 
printed Books was assembled. The remarkable bronze vessel found 
at Wharncliffe was also kindly lent by the Earl of Wharncliffe, and 
a photograph of it was included in the series of twelve photographs 
published by the Society. I append a list of them. They are all, 
except No. 12, mounted on toned mounts, 12x9^ inches. 



THE HUDDERSFIELD AKCHjEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



DESCRIPTION. 



WALTON CROSS, from north-east, 
shewing birds and tree on 
raised panol on east side, 
and interlacing on north side 
,, From south - east, shewing 

east side at an angle, and 
south side covered with inter- 
laced work, also the step 
before readjustment of the 
base upon it . . . 

,, From south - west, shewing 

south side, and on the west 
a cross within a circle, sup- 
porlfd by wiiiftod beasts, also 
the step after replacement of 
the base .... 

,, From nocth-f.-ist and south- 

west, two views on one mount 

RASTRICK CROSS, from north-west 
and south-east, shewing the 
intcrlacL'd and foliated pat- 
terns, two view* on one mount 

HARTSHEAD CHURCH, from the 

,, REREDOS: most interesting 






rjih century 
constrneled in 1662 
one of the Norman 



'"EE '" 


PR 


0x4i 


1 6 


6x4,1 


1 6 


6x4i 


1 6 


4iX2i 


1 6 


4lx2i 


I 6 


6x4i 


I 6 



„ FONT, 

pillar 
SL.\CK, perfect roof tile, with ll 

inscription, COHIMIBRE 
,, Ditto and ridge tile 

from sepulchre 
,, flue tile, square slabs, and 

fragments from hypocaust 
UR0N2E VESSEL, found at Wharn. 

cliffc, the property of Lord 

Wharncliffe 

The set of twelve 



X4J 



234 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Nos. I to II inclusive were photographed for the Association 
by Mr. Appleyard, of Brighouse, and No. 12 by Mr. J. V. Hatch, 
of Huddersfield. I fear that they are no longer procurable. 

The noble patron of the Association (the Right Hon. the Earl 
of Dartmouth) had expressed his intention of being present, and of 
presiding over the meeting, but the death of a near relative 
prevented his fulfilling the engagement. 

Papers were read by the Rev. Canon Raine on "The Topography 
of the Agbrigg Wapentake;" by Charles Monkman, Esq. (or by the 
Secretary on his behalf), on "Ancient Flint and Stone Implements, 
from the Surface Soil of Yorkshire;" and by the Rev. G. B. Mellor 
on " Monumental Brasses." A communication from Albert Way, 
Esq., F.S.A., on an enamelled relic found at Slack, was also 
submitted to the audience. 

The Report of the previous year's proceedings, which was 
presented on this occasion, was of a very satisfactory character, 
shewing that forty new members had been enrolled. It also recorded 
some interesting archaeological discoveries in various parts of the 
county. 

It is worthy of note that at this time the necessity of providing 
rooms for the use of the Association was first named. It will be 
remembered that this desideratum was not supplied till the year 
1 893* when the old Medical School at Leeds became the home of 
the Yorkshire Association. In the meantime the difficulty was 
averted by the deposit of the Library (named below) at No. 6, 
Market Place, Huddersfield, under the charge of Mr. Crossley, and 
still later by the offer of accommodation by the President of the 
Society. A most valuable bequest of books and MSS. by the late 
Miss Turner, of Hopton, was the immediate cause of the necessity 
being felt. This collection, which had been made by her uncle, Mr. 
William Turner, was the nucleus, and still forms the largest part of 
the Library now in the Rooms of the Association. 

On August 26, 1868, the second Annual Excursion of the 
members took place. The neighbourhood of Dewsbury was chosen 
for the event, and the churches of Dewsbury, Woodkirk, and 
Thornhill were visited ; and at each place efficient guides were found 
amongst the clergy of the respective parishes. A shorter inspection * 
was also made of the Rectory Manor House and the Old Vicarage 
(afterwards the Church Institute) at Dewsbury, of the old Hall of 
the Saviles in Soothill Lane, of the Old Hall at Thornhill Lees, and 
of the Grammar School at Thornhill. The remains of the Thornhill 
Old Hall within the grounds of the Rectory also occupied the 
attention of the visitors. 



THE HUDDERSFIELD ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 235 

At a later date (September 14) the members of the Association 
were invited by Ed. Hailstone, Esq., F.S.A., and William Chaffers, 
Esq., to meet them at the Fine Art Exhibition at Leeds, in order 
to inspect the Gallery of Yorkshire Worthies and the Museum of 
Ornamental Art. A most instructive diy was spent, under the 
guidance of the above-named gentlemen. As a result of this visit 
the Council secured (by the permission of the exhibitors) photo- 
graphs of over seventy of the most beautiful objects pointed out to 
them. Messrs. Cundall & Fleming, of London, took the negatives, 
and proofs from them were submitted to the Annual Meeting on 
January 29, 1869, and much admired. 

This meeting proved to be a most important one, for in addition 
to the record of progress (the number of members being now 170) 
and the recapitulation of the work undertaken in 1868, the following 
part of the Report was unanimously adopted : — 

"The Council has reasons for believing that the most 
important step hitherto taken is the intended issue of a journal, 

to be entitled — 

* The Yorkshire Archceological and Topographical Journal ^ 

a prospectus of which has been widely distributed. The title 

thus worded has been adopted because the area 

from which articles may, consistently with the rules, be con- 
tributed embraces all Yorkshire." 

One is almost led to think that the Honorary Secretary when he 
penned these lines had some presentiment of the changes made 
some eighteen months later. 

At this meeting there was again an interesting exhibition of 
seals, brass rubbings, photographs, documents, and other objects. 

In lieu of papers read as usual, a lecture by the Rev. G. B. 
Mellor on the exhibits was given, and much appreciated. The Rev. 
Canon Hulbert (who was in the chair) and James Fowler, Esq., 
F.S.A., with others, took part in the proceedings, but the attendance 
was small. The first part of the Journal was now issued, and in 
August, 1869, the Secretary was able to express in a circular the 
hope that Part ii would be ready before the end of the year. 

On August 25, 1869, ^he third Annual Excursion took the 
members to Wakefield and its neighbourhood, and to the Editor of 
the Wakefield Express was due a most complete and accurate report 
of the day's proceedings, a reprint of which was issued afterwards to 
the Association. Descriptive and historical papers were read at the 



236 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL.- 

various places visited by James Fowler, Esq., the Rev. J. T. Fowler, 
of Durham, Mr. Micklethwaite, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Fennell, Canon 
Camidge, and others. The ancient bridge, with its chantry, the 
Parish Church and Castle of Sandal, Heath Old Hall, the Church of 
St. Peter at Kirkthorp, the Freston Hospital, the Six Chimneys in 
Kirkgate, the Moot Hall, the Old Grammar School, and last of all, 
the Parish Church of All Saints (since raised to the dignity of a 
Cathedral) were successively visited, and a somewhat overcrowded 
day was brought to a satisfactory conclusion. 

Photographs of the different places were published by Messrs. 
Hall, and it may here be noted that the Society's List of Photo- 
graphs was now augmented by the addition of several views of 
Thornhill and Lees Hall. 

The report presented to the Annual Meeting on January 19, 
1870, still spoke of progress. After a weeding of the list of 
members, there were now 227 names left on the roll. The finances 
of the Association were also in a sound condition, for ;^i83 was 
ready for investment, and after paying ;^58 from the general account 
for the Journal the accounts were practically balanced. 

The results of the publishing of the Journal are recorded with 
much satisfaction. The closing of the Slack Excavation Fund is also 
announced, and donations to the Library are acknowledged. 

I now come to the last scene in the history which has been 
committed to me. At the meeting at Pontefract on August 31, 
1870, the Huddersfield Association ceased to exist under its old 
name, but entered upon a new life under the designation of the 
Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association. The meet- 
ing at which this was accomplished, and at which the necessary 
alteration of rules was made, was held in the grounds of the Castle 
immediately after the arrival of the visitors, and the resolutions, 
which had been well considered by the Council, were unanimously 
adopted, though at a later period in the day the Right Hon. Lord 
Houghton hinted that in his opinion the title of West Riding 
Association might have been preferable. 

The adinirable report of the excursion in the Pontefract Advertiser 
not only indicated the special features of the day, but was also in 
itself a noble monument of the enthusiasm and research of its 
Editor, one of the most honoured and diligent helpers in the work 
of our Association. The late Mr. T. W. Tew, whose knowledge of the 



THE HUDDERSFIELD ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 237 

Castle was universally recognised, acted as guide, and not only 
explained the details of the remains, but also gave a most useful 
lecture on the history of Pontefract and of the various sieges which 
the Castle had endured. 

After leaving the Castle Mr. Fowler conducted the party to the 
Hermitage, and expounded its history. St. Giles* Church and All 
Saints' Church were afterwards inspected, and such remains of 
antiquity as still exist were explained by Mr. Micklethwaite. New 
Hall was the last place visited, and here once more the stores of 
Mr. Tew's research were placed at the disposal of the visitors. 

The interest of the visit to Pontefract was much enhanced by 
the Exhibition in the Town Hall of the charters of the town and 
of numerous archaeological curiosities. This collection had been 
arranged by the care of Mr. Holmes and others, and formed a local 
collection such as but few towns could equal. But the day came to 
an end, and those who had come to Pontefract as members of the 
Huddersfield Association left it as members of the Yorkshire 
Archaeological and Topographical Association. 



"Wotes. 



[The Council have decided to reserve a small space in each Numl)er for notices of 
Finds and other discoveries; and it is hoped that Memljers will assist in making 
this a record of all matters of archceological interest which from time to 
time may be brought to light in this large county.] 



LXXVII. 
DODSWORTH MANUSCRIPTS. 

By S. J. CHADWICK, F.S.A. 

Mr. Richard Holmes has drawn my attention to a mistake which I 
have inadvertently made in the "Papers relating to the Plague in 
Yorkshire " (vol. xv. of the Yorkshire Archceological Journal^ p. 434), 
where I say that they (the Dodsworth MSS.) "are said to have been 
given to the Bodleian Library by Henry Fairfax, dean of Norwich." 
They were given to "the University of Oxford to be kept in the 
University Library there," by a codicil to the will of Thomas Lord 
Fairfax, who died in 167 1, and they were bequeathed to Lord Fairfax 
by Dodsworth himself. See Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record 
Series, Chartulary of St, John of Pontefract^ vol. i. Introduction, p. xiv ; 
also Hunter's ^^ Catalogue of the MSS. written or collected by Roger 
Dodsworth^ and now deposited in the Bodleian Library^ P« 7^; also 
Markham's Life of Fairfax^ pp. 440-6, where a full copy of Lord 
Fairfax's will and codicil is given. 



Lxxvin. 

PALIMPSEST BRASS AT WINESTEAD, 

EAST YORKSHIRE. 

By mill STEPHENSON, B.A., F.S.A. 

In a paper on "The Monumental Brasses in the East Riding," 
communicated to the Journal^ vol. xii, p. 195, the present writer, at 
p. 228, ventured to suggest that the brass to a member of the 
Hildyard family, c. 1540, in Winestead Church, would be found to be 
a palimpsest. In 1899 the portion representing the armed figure of 



NOTES. 239 

the man, unfortunately imperfect, was found to be loose in its indent, 
and on examination proved to be a palimpsest. This armed figure has 
been cut out of a portion of a large Flemish brass, of date c. 1360-70. 
It bears the left shoulder, arm, and a portion of the hands of a 
civilian, probably a merchant, wearing a mantle. The sleeve of the 
under-dress is richly ornamented, the cuff reaching to the knuckles. 
The background to the figure, a very small portion of which remains, 
is also richly diapered as is usual in Flemish brasses. This fragment 
may be compared with the large Flemish brasses still preserved in 
the church of St. Margaret, King's Lynn, Norfolk, in both of which 
the female figures are represented with richly embroidered sleeves. 
At Stralsund, the fine brass to Albert Hovener, 1357, represents him 




in mantle and underndress with embroidered sleeves ; and similar 
garments occur on the brass to Johan van Zoest and wife, 1361, at 
Thorn, in Prussian Poland. 

Although numerous instances of the re-use of old Flemish brasses 
occur in this country, this Winestead fragment is the first example 
noticed in Yorkshire. Probably more will be revealed when the 
remaining plates of the Hildyard brass come to be examined. 

The writer is indebted to the Rev. N. J. Miller, rector of Wine- 
stead, for notice of the discovery and for a rubbing of the Flemish 
portion ; also to Mr, George E. Fox, F.S.A., for the veiy careful tracing 
from which the accompanying block has been made. The brass 
itself has i^ain been securely fastened into its stone. 



240 NOTES. 



LXXIX. 



THE HUMBLE PETITION OF THE GENTRY AND 
INHABITANTS OF HOLDERNESS : WITH HIS 
MAJESTIES ANSWER July 6 . 1642. 

This Petition of the Loyalists of Holderness to the King is 
reprinted from the copy given in Mr. Bernard Quaritch's Rough 
List, No. 195, Item 2523. Shortly before Sir John Hotham had 
closed the gates of Hull in the King's face, and on the 22nd of 
August following the royal standard was raised at Nottingham, so 
this petition was presented in the brief lull before the outbreak of 
the Civil Wars. 

**To the Kings most ex-cellent Majestic, The humble petitions of 
the Gentry and Inhabitants of Holdernes. We your Majesties most 
loyall and oppressed Subjects, having for the space of four moneths 
(with much patience and pre-judice) endured great and insupportable 
Losse by Sir John Hothams taking into Hull (a distinct Countie from 
us) part of the Trained Bands of Yorkshire, contrary to Law, your 
Sacred Majesties right, and expresse Command, by detaining our Arms, 
destroying our Trade and Markets, with many more Pressures upon 
us, than we are willing to repeat. Howbeit this last attempt of cutting 
our Banks, Drowning part, and indangering the rest of the Levell of 
HoldernesSy is a Presumption higher than was ever yet attempted 
by any Subject to our knowledges; As if Sir lohn Hotham at once 
intended to destroy our Free-holds and Proprieties; And for no other 
Cause, as we conceive, but for serving your Ma-jestie, according^ to 
our Allegiance and the known Laws of the Land. Our most humble 
Prayer therefore is, That Your Maje-stie will vouchsafe speedily 
to take the premisses into your gracious and tender considera-tion 
for securing our Fears. And your Majesties Petitioners, as in duty 
bound, shall ever pray for your happy and glorious Reign over us, 
&c. Subscribed by Rob. Hilliard, Christopher Holme, Matthew Went^ 
worthy Francis Cobb, Leonard Robinson, James Cane,^ Christopher 
Hilliard, Gilbert Gower, and neer three hundred others, and delivered 
to His Majestic at Be-verley, the sixth of July, 1642.*' 

'*C. R. {Here follows the Royal Arms). At the Court of York, 
the sixth of July, 1642. His Majestic hath commanded me to give 
this Answer to this Petition. That He with just Com=miseration and 
all pos=sible Compassion consi=ders the miserable con=dition of the 
Petition=ers, And will both by publishing His Proclamations, and by 
drawing such Forces together as he shall be able to leavie, endeavour 
the Petiti=oners Relief in their present suffer=ings, and prevention 
of their future, with any hazard that may befall His own Person. In 
the mean time His Majestic hopes all His good Subjects do plainly 
discern how impossible it is for their Interests to be preserved, when 
His just Rights and Power are taken from him. Falkland." 

* This should probably be "Cave." 



CASTLE HILL, ALMONDBURYJ 



HISTORICAL NOTES BY 

Sir THOMAS BROOKE, Bart., F.S.A. 

Read at the Annual Meeting of the Yorkshire Archieological Society^ 

at Castle HilU on ftily 26th^ 1900. 



Considering its marvellous position as a place of defence, it is 
surprising that the real history of Almondbury Castle Hill should 
(so far as I know) only begin in comparatively recent (that is) 
feudal times. 

The, late Dr. Walker, who wrote an interesting paper in the 
Yorkshire Archaological Journal on this history — based upon extant 
inquisitions and returns from temp. Edw. I to James I, incidentally 
remarks that "there is strong reason for believing that it has been a 
place of strength in Saxon, perhaps even in Celtic times," but I am 
unable to cite any authority for this belief as to Celtic occupation 
beyond the inference that may be drawn from the character and 
nature of the hill itself. The theory of its Saxon establishment is 
advocated by Camden, Watson — the historian of Halifax — {ArcfuBologia^ 
vol. i, p. 224), and others ; whilst Dr. Whitaker (in the History of 
Leeds) asserts that this is unquestionable. 

Dr. Walker gives no countenance to what must be called the 
heresy of Camden (col. 855 in edition of 1722) in fixing upon this 
place as the Roman Cambodunum (the station between Mancunium 
and Calcaria, in the Itinerary of Antonine). Still, the high authority 
of Camden seems to prevail in some quarters and with some writers 
of our own times, for I have lately seen in some archaeological book 
or journal an ascription of the name Cambodunum to the village or 
hill of Almondbury. 

But Horsley, in his Britannia Romana (published in 1732), 
pronounces decidedly against the chims of Almondbury to be 
Cambodunum, and so long ago as February 17, 1766, a paper by 
Mr. Watson was read before the Society of Antiquaries, which 

* Reprinted from the Hnddersfield obligation to the proprietor of this paper 

Weekly Ncws^ September 15th, 1900. for leave to repnnt his careful report of 

The Council of the Yorkshire Archaeo- Sir Thomas Brooke's paper, 
logical Society desires to record its 

VOL. XVI. R 



242 THE YORKSHIRE A RCHiEO LOGICAL JOUE<lJAL. 

pointed out the errors into which Camden had fallen, and in which 
he says that ** the ground has nothing of the Roman taste about it ; 
there have been no coins, altars, or other relics of that people found 
there, and what is more, no Roman military way goes near it." 

He then gives a plan of the earthworks, and argues at length 
that the almost universally adopted rules of Roman castrametation 
are absolutely ignored here, though they might have been applied. 
He also adduces the distance from- water as a conclusive proof 
against Roman occupation; and he gives us the tradition that the 
supply of water was brought by pipes from Lud-hill, i.e. Waterhill. 
He says : — " These reasons render it probable that Castle Hill in 
Almondbury was not a Roman but a Saxon fortification. Several 
arguments may be produced to show that it was thrown up as a 
barrier to secure the kingdom of Northumbria from the invasion of 
powerful neighbours." 

These arguments he repeats in his History of Halifax, and then 
he goes on to discuss at great length the reasons for and against 
the location of Cambodunum at Slack. 

The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Society, over 
which I have the honour to preside, claims to have identified Slack 
as the site of Cambodunum as the result of extensive investigations 
and excavations (made some 29 years ago), and the very first paper 
in our fournal may be referred to for the details of those investiga- 
tions. I may add that some additional evidence, tending to the 
same conclusions, has been derived from the direction of some 
Roman roads as laid down by the officers engaged in the Ordnance 
Survey. A paper by the Rev. Joseph Hunter {ArchcBologia, vol. xxxii, 
p. 16) may also profitably be studied, for though his conclusions did 
not lead him to adopt Slack as Cambodunum, he yet pronounced 
decidedly against Almondbury. His i)aper contains an admirable 
summary of the conflicting opinions advanced on the subject prior 
to 1846, but of course the excavations above-named had not then 
been made. 

I hope, then, that I have said enough to convince you that 
Castle Hill never was a Roman station, but that it may very 
probably have been occupied by our Saxon forefathers. 

Let me now proceed to consider the existing remains, which, 
except as regards earthworks, are scanty enough. These earthworks 
are, however, magnificent, and the plan which is appended to this 
paper will give us an idea of them. In their present state I do not 
hesitate to attribute them to Norman times. We see to the East 
(N.E.) clearly defined the entrance into the first enclosure or outer 



CASTLE HILL, ALMONDBURY. 245 

bailey. A mound and deep trench separated this from the second 
enclosure, which in all probability would contain the domestic offices 
and be the part of the Castle where the life and business of the 
inhabitants and defenders would be mainly carried on. The approach 
or gateway from the East to this inner bailey is still plainly marked, 
and it has been utilised as the roadway to the hotel and other 
buildings on the hill. This enclosure again is divided from the 
westernmost and smallest enclosure by a trench of great depth and 
difficulty, and this western area must have been the site of the 
Lord's house, or Castle itself, and the last place of retreat and 
defence in case of attack, the precipitous sides of the hill being 
strengthened by a mound and a trench, and probably surmounted by 
a palisade. I do not believe that any stone-built keep or fortress 
was ever erected here, and the feudal home was in all probability a 
wooden house, with stone foundations and lower storey, relying for 
its protection on the trenches and palisades, and its almost 
impregnable position. Had the Castle been entirely of stone, some 
more massive remains of stonework would have been left to tell the 
tale, though it must be said that several worked stones were found 
in the remarkable well which was discovered on digging the 
foundations of the Victoria Tower; and still more recently some 
massive wall foundations have been laid bare. 

We have seen, then, that this final point of retreat had from its 
only assailable side a triple line of defence, and it seems evident 
that a small body of resolute men might well hold the fort against 
a formidable array of assailants. The total area of the enclosure is 
about ten and a half acres. 

A short account of the authentic history of the place may be 
added to the above description. 

Almondbury was one of the manors conferred by the Conqueror 
upon Ilbert de Lacy, as a reward for his services in the subjugation 
of the Northumbrian kingdom. He began the Castle of Kirkby 
(now Pontefract), to be the head of the future Honor of Pontefract, 
and Almondbury eventually became incorporated in that Honor. 
The Castle of Almondbury is said to have been built by King 
Stephen in the early part of his reign (the property of the Lacy's 
having been forfeited in 1102). If this be so, the Castle was almost 
immediately regranted to Henry Lacy; but there seems to be no 
record of this Royal building, and it seems preferable to believe that 
the Lacy's, either before 1102 or soon after their restoration, erected 
this house. Ilbert the Second (grandson of the original grantee) 
espoused the cause of Stephen, and hence perhaps the opinion that 
the King built this Castle. 



246 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The manor continued to be a part of the Lacy Fee until and 
through the reign of Edward I, when it was the property of Henry 
de Lacy — Earl of Lincoln, the man from whom Lincoln's Inn was 
named — the greatest and best of this illustrious family. He died in 
1 310, and the estates, by virtue of the marriage of his only surviving 
daughter, became the possession of Tliomas Plantagenet, Earl of 
Lancaster. After his rebellion they were confiscated, but were 
afterwards restored by special Act of Parliament, passing to John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. Henry of Lancaster, ascending the throne 
in 1399, carried this manor as a member of the Honor of Pontefract 
and Duchy of Lancaster to the Crown. It remained Crown property 
till, in 1627, it was granted to the ancestors of the present 
distinguished owner. Sir J. W. Ramsden, Bart. 

In the early part of the reign of Edward I we have returns to 
articles of enquiry made by the King's Commissioners 1273-4, which 
prefer charges against the Lord of Almondbury, Henry Lacy, Earl of 
Lincoln, for offences committed by his bailiff and officers ; and in the 
first year of the next reign (Edw. II, 1307-27) we find in Dodsworth's 
MSS. a record which refers to the former Castle of Almondbury, 
which seems to prove that the Castle itself had been dismantled, 
though at least a prison or dungeon still existed. 

We know from the Saxon Chronicle, sub anno 1137, that in the 
time of Stephen " every powerful man made his castle, and they filled 
the land full of castles. They cruelly oppressed the wretched men 
of the land with castle works; they filled them with devils and evil 
men, &c. &c." 

Stow, however, tells us that the castles which had been builded 
to fill the rich and spoil the poor were, by the King's (Henry II) 
commandment and the counsel of his Chancellor (Becket), thrown 
down {circa 1155). Is it not possible that this stronghold may have 
been thus destroyed ? 

In the reign of Edward III we have a most interesting inquisition 
of Almondbury: — 

13 Edw. Ill, 1340, when the rental was ^^33 \2S, o\d. 

Another was taken in 2 Henry VI, 1425; a third in 1584; and a 
fourth in 161 1. 

The two first of these display much of the tyranny and oppression 
whith are the mark of feudal times, but the later ones shew how 
much the condition of the people had been improved, and we find 
that suit and service at the Court of the Lord, with rules as to 
grinding the tenant's corn at the Lord's mill, and the payment of 
double rent on the entrance into a tenancy have been substituted 



CASTLE HILL, ALMONDBURY. 247 

for the exacting servitudes of an earlier day. It is unnecessary in 
this short paper to enter into a comparison of these returns, but we 
may note that in the earliest of them this hill is spoken of as the 
hill where the Castle formerly stood, thus confirming the account of 
the early destruction of the Castle, which we derived from the return 
temp, Edw. IL The Grange (Hall Bower) and the Park (still so 
called) are also named in the returns. The Inquhition 1584 expressly 
states that the Castle, " which in antient time was the chief mansion 
house or scite of the said manor," has now "of long time since been 
utterly decayed." 

For a fuller notice of the return to these inquisitions I would 
refer to a most interesting paper by Dr. Walker, F.S.A., Scot., in the 
second volume of the Yorkshire Archceological Journal, 

I cannot help entertaining the hope that at some time a careful 
exploration of the contents of the hill may be made, and thus that 
future light may be thrown upon the history of a site which must 
ever be of intense interest to Yorkshire antiquaries. We have been 
told that some remains were found on digging the foundations for 
some building on the hill, but unfortunately no proper record of the 
discovery was made, and no following up of the clue was attempted. 
This of course refers to some much earlier building than the Tower, 
or even the Hotel. Subsequent discoveries have been mentioned 
above. 



CERTIFICATES OF ALLEGED CURES OF LUNACY 

BY JOHN SMITH, OF WAKEFIELD, 

IN 1615. 

BY MATTHEW H. PEACOCK, M.A., B.Mus. 

The document which is transcribed below has been for some time 
in the possession of the Governors of the Wakefield Grammar 
School, and has been lent by them for the purpose of the present 
article. Many other trusts have been administered during the last 
300 years by the same board, including several for the benefit of the 
poor in and around Wakefield, but there are no records to show at 
what time and in what manner this curious production came into 
their hands. The Minute Book relating to the poor dates from 
1659, but contains no reference, as far as I can ascertain, to the 
subject of lunatics, whether paupers or otherwise. ' 

During the middle ages very little attention seems to have been 
paid to lunatics, and very little care bestowed upon them, unless they 
were owners of land. The wardship of these unhappy persons was 
one of the prerogatives of the King even before the reign of 
Edward II, when the first statute upon the subject appears to have 
been passed, and in the following terms : — 

** Anno decimo septimo Edwardi II. Anno Domini 1324. 
Prerogativa Regis. 

** Cap. IX. Rex habet custodiam terranim fatuorum naturalium 
capiendo exitus earundem sine vasto et destructione et inveniet eis 
necessaria sua de cujuscumque feodo terre ille fuerint et post mortem 
eorum reddat eas rectis heredibus ita quod nullatenus per eosdem 
fatuos alienentur vel eorum heredes exheredentur. 

*' Cap. X. Item habet providerc quando aliquis qui prius habuit 
memoriam et intellectum non fuerit compos mentis sue sicut quidam 
sunt per lucida intervalla quod terre et tenementa eorundem salvo 
custodiantur sine vasto et destructione et quod ipse et familia sua de 
exitibus earundem vivant et sustineantur competenter et residuum ultra 
sustentationem eorundem rationabilem custodiatur ad opus ipsonim 
liberandum eis quando memoriam recuperaverint. Ita quod predicte 
terre et tenementa infra predictum tempus non alienentur. Nee Rex 
de exitibus aliquid percipiat ad opus suum et si obierit in tali statu 
tunc illud residuum distribuatur pro anima ejusdem per concilium 
ordinariorum." 



ALLEGED CURES OF LUNACY. 249 

The official version of the above statutes in English is as 

follows : — 

" Prerogatives of the King. 

Cap. IX. His Prerogative in the Custody of Lands of Idiots. 

"The King shall have the Custody of the Lands of natural Fools, 
taking the Profits of them without Waste or Destruction, and shall find 
them their Necessaries, of whose Fee soever the Lands be holden. 
And after the Death of such Idiots he shall render it to the right 
Heirs, so that such Idiots shall not be aliens, nor their Heirs shall be 
disinherited.*' 

Cap. X. His Prerogative in the Preservation of the Lands of Lunaticks. 

"Also the King shall provide, when any (that beforetime hath had 
his Wit and Memory) happen to fail of his Wit, as there are many 
' per lucida intervalla,' that their Lands and Tenements shall be safely 
kept without Waste and Destruction, and that they and their Houshold 
shall live and be maintained competently with the Profits of the same, 
and the Residue, besides their Sustentation, shall be kept to their Use, 
to be delivered unto them when they come to right Mind : so that such 
L<inds and Tenements shall in no wise be aliened within the Time 
aforesaid : and the King shall take nothing to his own Use. And if 
the Party die in such Estate, then the Residue shall be distributed 
for his Soul by the Advice of the Ordinary.** 

These statutes do not seem to have been repealed, or otherwise 
determined wholly or in part, until 1889, when an Act was passed 
amending in general the law relating to lunatics. But during the 
Commonwealth it became necessary to provide for the formal custody 
of lunatics, as there was no King into whose nominal control they 
could be handed over. The following enactments were passed to 
meet this difficulty, the former transferring the prerogative of the 
Crown in this matter to the Council of State, and the latter handing 
it to the Lord Protector. It is perhaps needless to remark that, on 
the Restoration, the Acts of the House of Commons during the 
Commonwealth were totally disregarded, and do not appear in the 
Statute Book, the year 1660 being in the eyes of the law the twelfth 
year of Charles II, and the King then resuming the prerogatives of 
the Crown as they were enjoyed by Charles I and his predecessors. 

** Oct. 13, 1653. ^i^l ^^^ passing the Custodies of Idiots and 
Lunatiques, under the Great Seal, shall be first signed by the Council 
of State, which shall be a sufficient Warrant to pass the same. The 
Commissioners of the Great Seal shall give relief to such Idiots and 
Lunatiques as any Commissioners or Keepers of the Great Seal, or 
the Master and Council of the late Court of Wards and Liveries might 
have done. This Act to continue till the first of September, 1654.** 



250 THE YORKSraRE ARCfLEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

*'Mar. 20, 1653 (1654)- The Chancellor, Keeper or Commissioners 
of the Great Seal for the time being shall not pass any Custodies of 
Idiots and Lunatiques under the Great Seal before the same be signed 
by his Highness the Lord Protector, and that the same so signed by 
his Highness shall be a sufficient Warrant for passing the same under 
the Great Seal.'* 

With the exception of these resolutions of the House of Commons 
in 1653 and 1654, there was no legislation on the subject of the 
custody and treatment of lunatics from the Statute of 17 Edward II 
until the year 1800, when an Act was passed to provide for the 
treatment of criminal lunatics: another Act in 181 1 prohibited the 
marriage of lunatics : and another, in 1834, concerning lunatics in 
workhouses, completes the list of enactments passed before the reign 
of Victoria. 

The law providing that the estates of the insane should pass 
into the wardship of the Crown, the first step towards this end was 
the holding of a formal enquiry by order of the Chancellor, and if 
the insanity was held to be proved, the man and his property were 
put into the care of the nearest male relative, who was accountable 
for his trust to the State, though little or no enquiry was subsequently 
made into the personal condition or treatment of the unfortunate 
owner. There was an end of his life for all political purposes: his 
previous legal acts were all annulled, and he was rendered incapable 
of any such acts in the future. 

Lunatics possessed of any considerable property were doubtless, 
as a rule, kept under private control ; others would be received into 
the monasteries, while the poorer sort would be kept in the common 
jails in chains, and treated with extreme severity, periodical whipping 
being apparently considered beneficial. Such treatment would 
naturally aggravate the disease, and in many cases bring about a 
fatal result. There can, in any event, be but little doubt that many 
lunatics would be treated as criminals, and punished accordingly, 
while others would be put to death as witches.^ 

The first asylum for lunatics appears to have been opened in the 
year 1547, in Bishopgate Street, London. This house had been 
originally founded in 1247 as a priory, under the title of the Hospital 
of S. Mary of Bethlehem, and was intended to serve as a home for 
the Bishop of S. Mary of Bethlehem and other dignitaries attached 
to the same house whenever they visited England. It is definitely 
called a Hospital for Lunatics as early as the year 1402, and the 
brethren of the establishment had gained the reputation of being 
able to effect successful cures; they wore the Dominican habit, with 

1 See EtuyclopiT-dia Britannica^ s.v. Insanity. 



ALLEGED CURES OF LUNACY. 251 

a star of Bethlehem with five rays upon their mantles. The house 
became the property of the City of London in 1330, and after the 
dissolution of the religious houses it was formally made over to the 
mayor and citizens, being elevated to the rank of a royal foundation 
for the accommodation of 50 lunatics in the year 1547. We learn 
from Evelyn that this first Bethlehem Hospital, or Bedlam, was 
removed in 1675 ^^ Moorfields.^ 

Bedlams were provided in other places as houses for the care of 
lunatics, and maintained at the public expense. But it is quite clear 
that the treatment was not satisfactory in its results, and that many 
patients were discharged as cured long before they were capable of 
self-control. In Aubrey's Natural History of Wiltshire^ we read as 
follows : — " Till the breaking out of the civill warres, Tom o' Bedlams 
did travell about the country. They had been poore, distracted men 
that had been putt into Bedlam, where recovering to some sobernesse 
they were licentiated to goe a begging : e.g, they had on their left 
arms an armilla of tinn, printed in some words about foure inches 
long; they could not get it off. They wore about their necks a 
great horn of an oxe in a string or bawdric, which when they came 
to a house for almes they did winde; and they did putt the drinke 
given them into this horn, whereto they did putt a stopple. Since 
the warres I doe not remember to have seen any one of them." 
The tin plate which is mentioned in the above extract appears to 
have been of the nature of a badge, with a representation of the star 
of Bethlehem. The horn worn about the neck is referred to by 
Shakspere in King Lear, Act iii. Scene 6, where Edgar exclaims, 
"Poor Tom, thy horn is dry," apostrophizing himself as a Tom o' 
Bedlam ; while in the same play. Act ii. Scene 3, he describes the . 
Bedlam beggar as being " whipp'd from tithing to tithing, and stock- 
punish'd and imprisoned." 

Some highly coloured details as to the interior of a Bedlam may 
be found in Dean Swift's Tale of a Tub^ written in 1 696 : the con- 
temporary prints to illustrate the text represent the inmates as half 
naked, chained to the walls, and having merely a few handfuls of 
straw to rest upon. 

Another description of a Bedlam beggar is given by Randle 
Holme in the Academy of Armory (book ii, c. 3, p. 161), in these 
words : — " The Bedlam has a long staff, and a cow or ox horn by 
his side : his cloathing fantastic and ridiculous, for being a madman 
he is madly decked and dressed all over with ribands, feathers, 

^ See New English Dictionary y s.v. ^ In Section ix. "A Digression con - 

Bedlam, from which much of the pre- cerning the Original, the Use and 
ceding paragraph is taken. Improvement of Madness in a Common- 

wealth." 



252 THE YORKSmRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

cuttings of cloth, and what not, to make him seem a madman or 
one distracted, when he is no other than a wandering and dissembling 
knave." 

From this extract it is clear that vagabonds and rogues found it 
profitable to wander about the country under the guise of madmen. 
It consequently became necessary to warn the public against these 
imposters, and in 1675 ^^ advertisement appeared in the London 
Gazette cautioning the public against giving alms to pretended 
lunatics, and apparently stating by implication that the licensed 
Bedlam beggar no longer existed, none being recognized by the 
Bedlam Hospital after its removal to Moorfields. In 1733, however, 
North, in his Lives (i, 287), states that the country was then much 
troubled with these "Bedlamers," and their presence was doubtless 
attended with much danger to the public; as was the case in 
Ireland so late as 1820. Mr. T. Crofton Croker, in his Researches in 
the South of Ireland^ made between 181 2 and 1822, states that "on 
most of the public roads in the south of Ireland fools and idiots 
(melancholy specimens of humanity!) are permitted to wander at 
large, and in consequence of this freedom have acquired vicious 
habits, to the annoyance of every passenger : throwing stones, which 
they do with great dexterity, is amongst the most dangerous of their 
practices, and a case is known to me where the wife of a respectable 
farmer, having been struck on the temple by a stone thrown at her 
by an idiot, died a few days after." 

In towns and other places where no Bedlam was maintained at 
the public cost, it seems from the following extract^ from the Records 
of the City of Wells in 1625, that a tax was levied, when necessary, 
to pay for the expense of detaining lunatics : — 

"Whereas Thomas Towne is Madd or Franticke, and by means 
therof some course is to be provided for him for his reliefe : — It is 
ordered that the Distributers and Collectors for the poore^ shall have 
a Note of the Subsidie Men within this Towne, and shall demaunde 
a benevolence of everie of them, for his reliefe." 

The article on "Bedlam" in Dr. Wright's English Dialect 
Dictionary^ informs us that a schoolboys' game has been evolved out 
of the circumstances attending the detention and release of lunatics 
in days gone by. "A square is chalked out called the den \ some 
of the boys remain by it, one of whom is called the tenter; the 
tenter has charge of the den, and he must always stand with one 

* See Notes and QutrieSy Second of the Wakefield Grammar School in 

Series, vii, 169. their capacity as trustees of various poor 

^"Collectors for the poor" were funds, 
annually appointed by the Governors 



ALLEGED CURES OF LUNACY. 253 

foot in the den and the other on the road; the remaining boys go 
out to field. They shout 'relievo/ and upon this signal the boys 
standing by the side of the den pursue them. If when a prisoner is 
caught he cries out * Kings/ he is allowed to escape." 



What was then the meaning of the Certificates issued in 1615 
at Wakefield, to the effect that certain cures of lunatics had been 
effected by John Smith ? It is quite possible that separate certificates 
of individual cures would be useful documents for production at a 
special inquiry (de lunatico inquirendo) held under the authority of 
the Chancellor, when a quondam lunatic desired to resume control 
of his property, which was meanwhile held in trust for the King by 
his nearest male relative. But in this case the ten certificates are 
all upon the same parchment, and the conclusion is forced upon us 
that John Smith was desirous of advertising himself as a person 
capable of curing cases of lunacy, and adopted this means for the 
purpose. Accordingly, he does not hesitate to describe in graphic 
terms the virulent nature of the disease, the danger to the public 
caused by the madmen at large, and the fact that the cures have 
been effected without cost to the country, as all these facts would 
redound to his own glory. 

Unfortunately little can be said about the persons named in the 
certificates. John Smith himself is absolutely unknown to fame. 
John Wentworth of Bretton was probably the son of Matthew 
Wentworth of Bretton, one of the signatories, by Dorothy Charles- 
worth. He is not mentioned in Dugdale's Visitation^ and the only 
fact known of him is that he was alive in 1646, when his nephew, 
Sir Thomas Wentworth of Bretton, compounded. Henry Nevile^ Esg,^ 
might be Henry Nevile of Chevet, near Wakefield, born on October 
13, 1585 ; he signed the visitation of 161 2 ; married Eleanor, daughter 
of Henry Sandford of Thorpe Salvin. From him are descended the 
Neviles of Chevet and Holbeck. The date of his death is not 
known.^ 

JOHN SMITH, OF WAIKEFEILD.^ 

Knowe all people to whome it shall apperteyne that whereas a 
poore woman, one Jayne Robertas, late of Horberie, in the countye 
of Yorke, was most piteouslie in a frencie and lunacie night and daie, 
raginge vp and downe Wakefeild and other places neere adioyninge, 
contynuinge longe therein verie sore distracted, and taken and tyed 
in cheynes, was by the grace of God, w**' out anye charge to the 

^ For these particulars the writer is indebted to Mr. J. W. Clay, F.S.A. 

^ Added in a later hand. 



254 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

countrie, by the knowledge, industrie, paynes, cost and charges onelie 
of the bearer hereof, John Smyth of Wakefeild, amended and recouered 
vnto her perfect sences, haveinge so contynued for the space of tenne 
yeres past, lyveinge in" service, and quyett in mynd, w*** owt trouble to 
anye. In witnesse of the tniith herein, we have here vnto putt our 
handes and scales the daie of 1615. 

Also Richard Collyer of Bretton, in the said countye of Yorke, 
whoe a longe tyme beinge in a raginge lunacie and madnes, distracted 
and bounde in cheynes, was in like manner by the said John Smyth, 
and of his the said John Smyth owne proper costs and charges, 
w*'' owt anye allowaunce or cost to anye, recouered vnto his perfect 
sences, whoe hath so contynued for the space of seaven yeres past. 
In witnesse of the tniith herein, we have herevnto putt our hand and 
scales the daye of 161 5. 

Also Symeon Crabtree, of the parish of Heptonstall, in the aforesaide 
countye of Yorke, wandringe vp and downe the feildes and countrye 
in a raginge lunacie and madnes, oftentymes troublinge the Kinges 
Ms.^^ Counsell at Yorke w*** vayne and troublesome wrytinges, and verie 
troublesome to the contrye, was in like manner of his the said John 
Smyth owne proper costes and charges, w^*^ owt anye pennye cost or 
allowaunces of anye, recouered vnto his perfect sences, and so hath 
contynued for the space of foure yeres past. In witnesse of the 
tniith herein, wee have herevnto putt our handes and scale the 
daie of 1615. 

Also Samuel Grenewood, of the same parish of Heptonstall, beinge 
verie sore possessed w*** a melencholie annexed to a lunacie, cryinge 
to his wife and children and all that spooke to him. All are dampned, 
wringinge of his handes, w^^^ weepinge teares, and wandringe [vp and'] 
the feildes, oftentymes attemptinge to have made [awaye]^ himself, 
but that on purposelie attended on him, was in like manner of his, 
the said John Smyth, owne proper cost and charges, recouered vnto 
his perfect sences, and so doth contynue, thankes be vnto God. In 
witnesse of the truith herein, we have herevnto putt our handes and 
scales the daie of 1615. 

Also Edmund Grene of Fowlstone, in Holmeforth, about the age 
of twentie and foure yeres, was in like manner distracted w**» a 
madnes and lunacie, and recouered by the aforesaid John Sm5rth vnto 
his perfect sences w^*» owt cost or charges of anye, and so doth 
contynue, God be praysed. In witnesse of the truith herein, we have 
herevnto putt our handes and scales the daie of 1615. 

Also one Roberte M(oo)re3 of Oldtowne, M^ of Arte (stc) and 
preacher of the woorde, whoe was troubled w^^ a raginge lunacie and 
madnes sore distracted, that many was in daunger of theire lifes 

^Crossed out. ^ imerlined. 

^ Surname doubtful. 



ALLEGED CURES OF LUNACY. 255 

w*^ him, and wounded two of his brethren w*** a raper, was in like 
manner cured by the helpe of God and the said John Smyth, and 
now is (God be thanked) perfectlie recouered, and a preacher, and hath 
contynued so in perfect memorie and preachinge of the woord of God 
by the space of a yere past. 

Ro. Mounson p* me, Lan: Wilson, ministru' ibidem. 

M"^ Henrye Neiuill, esq., was possest of a lunacye, raiginge vp and 
downe, was in like maner cured by the helpe of God and John Smith 
in* his perfecte healthe, and soe doth continue. 

John Wentworth of Bretton, in the countye of Yorke, was possest 

with a lunacye, huntinge vp and downe in the woodes, and in the 

night time with fearefuU voyces to all that heard him, and in like 

manner was cured by the helpe of God and John Smith, and soe doth 

continue in his perfecte health. 

Mat : Wentworthe. 

Also Thomas Hayghe, of Honne towne, in Holmfourth, beinge 
verie soare troubled with a lunacie and madnes, and wandring vp and 
downe the countrie and feildes, was by the sayd John Smyth and the 
grace of God amended of the sam by the said John Smyth owne 
proper costes and charges, and so hath continued for the space of^ 

Wittnes, John Prince. 

George Halsted. 
Ambrose Robershaye. 
Richard R N Nailer. 

his hand mark. 
Thomas Grenewood.^ 

Also Henrie Hill, of Heptonstall, beinge verie sore troubled with 
a lunacie, and wandringe vp and downe the countrye and feildes, was 
by the said John Smyth and the grace of God cured of the same, of 
his, the said John Smyth, owne proper costes and charges, and so 
hath contynued for the space of six yeres past.* 

^ Altered from to. and Martin Roulston and Henry Hill 

aocled 
^ Omission in original. 4 rr* r • * i .. i. j 

^ * lags for nineteen seals are attached, 

3 These names are repeated twice some of which are either blurred or 

besides, and apparently refer to the broken, so it will only be necessary to 

Heptonstall cases, (i) John Prince is refer to a seal bearing three escallops {?) 

omitted. (2) Prince is again omitted, on a bend with a griffin rampant in chief ^ 

which occurs four times. 



AN EIGHTEENTH CENTURY ABSOLUTION. 

The absolution appears to have been granted to John Issott, son of 
William Issott, of Horbury. The family to which he belonged 
owned considerable property in that place, where they were for many 
generations settled. Though generally described in legal documents 
as clothiers, they are also occasionally entitled "gentleman," and at 
Shibden Hall is a fine old silver tankard of the time of Charles II, 
which bears the arms they laid claim to — Argent on a fesse sabie a 
lion rampant gardant or^ armed guies^ between three crosslets fitchU sadle 
— with the initials — W. & M. — of the father and mother of the 
excommunicate John. This John Issott had two brothers, Joseph and 
Japhet — the latter of the Fold in Shibden — and a sister, Mary, who 
married, at Horbury, James Lister, of Shibden Hall, 25 May, 1699. 
Of John Issott and the reasons of his excommunication little is to 
be gathered. The Issotts were a strong Nonconformist family, and 
even went so far in their zeal as, on occasion,^ to refuse to have their 
children baptized at the Parish Church of Horbury. Possibly John 
Issott's nonconformity may have brought down upon him the sentence 
of excommunication, from which he was released by the absolution 
printed below. It appears he had fled "beyond the seas," and the 
envelope containing the important document was addressed to his 
brother-in-law, James Lister, then residing in Halifax. 

William Issott, of Horbury 

I 



I I I 

*John, <?^.= Elizabeth Japhet, bachelor, Mary, married 

of Fold, ob. ante James Lister, 

July, 1736 of Shibden. 



ante July, 
1752, of 
Horbury 



Mar. 25 May, 
1699 

I 
John, born Joseph, ob. Japhet, Mary, bom 14 July, 

10 July, ante ]\x\y living 1715 ; married Thos. 

1721 ; 17, 1752 1752 M'Clellan, a soldier, 

living 1752. J 733- Living in 1752. 

Had issue. 

John Issott seems to have died in 1752, his widow, Elizabeth, 
who then resided at Wakefield, "near Kirgate barr," surviving him. 

. ^ The following certificate, unfortu- was born in Horbury, but that his father, 
nately without any date, refers to the being a non-conformist, did not Raster 
Japhet Issott, who was alive in 1736: — his children, but we being his Neighbo'^ 
" Wee, the Minister and chiefe men in the Do certifye that to the Best our know- 
Town of Horbury, doe certify all whom ledge the sayd Japhet Issott is about 27 
it may concern that Japhet Issot, the years r^ age, as wittnes our hand." 
Sonne of W" Issot, of Our Town, yeom", 



AN EIGHTEENTH CENTURY ABSOLUTION. 257 

He left three sons and a daughter — John, baptized 29th July, 1721, 
at Horbury; Joseph, Japhet, and Mary. The daughter married a 
Thomas M'Clellan, one of General Honeywood's dragoons, who lived 
at Dungannon, co. Tyrone, Ireland. 



Your's I have received, and have inclosed sent you an 

absolution for John Issott, according to Mr. Chancellour*s decree, 

with a note of fees. I am, with humble services. S*^. 

Your's to command, 

THO: EMPSON. 
York, 230 Feb., 170J. 

For 

Mr. James Lister at 

his house in 

Hallifax. 

p' Ferry = bridge. 
p» p^. 

Seal : — A chevron between three crosses patie, 

£ s. d. 

Pro citacione contra Johannem Issot de 
Horbury imp«,* excommunicacio, absolucio 
et actus specialis .. ., .. .. 0=11 = 10 

Pro procuracione curie et feodis .. 0=07 = 10 

Summa .. = 19= 8 

ABSOLUTIO. 

Knightley Chetwood, Sacrae Theologiae Professor, Archidiaconus 
Archidiaconatus^ Eboracensis, in Ecclesia Cathedrali et Metropolitica 
Beati Petri Eboracensis legittime fundati, universis et singulis rectoribus, 
vicariis, curatis et clericis quibuscumque per Archidiaconatum Ebora- 
censem constitutis, salutem. Vobis mandamus, quatenus Johannem 
Issott de Horbury, Archidiaconatus Eboracensis praedicti, a sententia 
excommunicationis, alias auctoritate nostra in eum lata, absolutum fiiisse 
et esse in ecclesiis vestris parochialibus et capellis, (donee dictus 
Johannes Issott ad hoc regnum nostrum Angliae redibit), diebus 
Dominicis ac aliis festivis, tempore divinorum publice denuncietis et 
declaretis cum effectu. Dat. Ebor. sub sigillo Archidiaconatus nostri 
praedicti, vicessimo tertio die mensis Februarii, 1703*'°. 

Concordat rRIC: BRATHWAIT, 
cum decreto,l Registrarius. 

^ The extension of this word is uncertain. 
2 The seal of the Archdeaconry attached is almost entirely destroyed. 



VOL. XVI. S 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 

BY ALEX. D. H. LEADMAN, F.S.A. 



Introduction. 

At the request of our highly-esteemed and deeply-regretted late 
Hon. Secretary — Mr. G. W, Tomlinson, F.S.A. — made to me in 1893, 
I undertook to write a short description of some churches in the 
immediate neighbourhood of Pocklington. I selected Bumby, 
Nunburnholme, Kilnwick Percy, Millington, and Great Givendale, 
because they were easy of access, and each contains points of interest 
to tempt the ecclesiologist to pay any one or all of them a visit. 
There is a North-Eastern station at Nunburnholme, which is close 
to Burnby Church, and in fact is in that village. From thence to 
Nunburnholme Church, i J miles; thence to Kilnwick Percy, 2 miles; 
Millington Church, ij miles further on; and Givendale, 2 miles; 
whilst the distance to be traversed back to Pocklington is 3^ 
miles: — thus making a total of 10 miles. I have taken the nearest 
routes on the Ordnance Map, and all the way the pedestrian will 
find a delightful walk across fields and through hedge-lined lanes 
with numerous short cuts, and many glimpses of beautiful scenery. 
Yet if driving is preferred the tourist should start at Pocklington, 
where conveyances can be had; but the distance by road is greater, 
and the above order can be taken, or reversed. All these churches 
appear originally to have followed the aisleless nave and chancel 
plan, which was practically universal in the Wold Churches of the 
late eleventh and twelfth centuries. Only Burnby had an aisle (now 
destroyed), and only Nunburnholme had a western tower. 

It is in rural churches like these that we find many gems of 
architecture which have escaped the destroyer's hand, mainly because 
they are on no great highway, and are removed from the baneful 
influence of an age of hurry, worry, and money, that is ever anxious 
for things new, not old. 

"Where'er I roam in this fair English land, 
The vision of a temple meets my eyes : 
Modest without ; within all glorious rise 

Its love enclustered columns, and expand 

Their slender arms 

Dear fertile soil ! what foreign culture bears 

Such fruit?" (Lyra Apostolica,) 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 259 

BURNBY. 

This pretty village church forms an interesting picture for the 
traveller on the York and Hull Railway as Nunburnholme Station, 
which is in the parish of Burnby, is passed. A closer examination 
shows it to be of more than ordinary interest. In Domesday Book 
we find, under Terra Willelmi de Perci, in Poclinton Hundret. 
Manor and berewick : — 

"In Brunebi Bernulf and Asa had two carucates and seven 
bovates for geld, and one plough team and a half may be there. 
William has this, and it is waste." 

Again, under the Lands of the Archbishop of York : — 

"In Brunebi there are four carucates for geld. Land for four 
plough teams. This manor was and is the Archbishop's. Now 
Goisfrid, the Archbishop's man, has in demesne two plough teams 
and fourteen villanes, and four bordars with six plough teams, and 
one mill of six shillings annual value. T.R.E. it was worth " 

So the manor belonged to the Archbishop of York. 

The dedication of the church is to Saint Giles. The church 
consists of chancel 31 feet 9 inches long, of which the sacrarium 
occupies II feet 3 inches; a nave 38 feet long, a kind of vestibule 
5 feet in length, divided from the nave by a brick wall 15 inches 
thick. The width throughout is 14 feet 6 inches. All these measure- 
ments are internal. 

Formerly there has been a north aisle running the length of the 
nave, and probably about 6 feet wide. On the north wall of the 
nave there are the remains of four Norman arcades. There is a 
double bell-cot. A good deal of Norman work is still left in 
the walls, but is very difficult to define, as nearly the entire fabric is 
thickly coated with ivy. The west end, with its imitation Norman 
doorway, is modern, and was added about seventy years ago. The 
lead roof is very good; it bears the dates 17*. 17®, when it is said 
the north aisle was taken down, and the stone was utilised in 
building a pigeon-cote hard by the rectory. There are two entrances, 
viz. a west door, and a priest's door on the south side of the 
chancel. This is Early English, but has a new top, and above it 
outside is a rusty sun-dial, with the inscription, "Non tempus fugit."^ 
The door itself still has its original twelfth century ironwork. 

The chancel is lighted by an east window of three lancets — 
Early English. On the north side there are two windows of two 
lights each, in the Decorated style — and in the western window is a 
bit of old glass, which is evidently a crest — a sheafs or, 

^ Apparently a pun: "Time does not flic" — i.e. at Burnby. 



260 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAI.. 

• 

On the south side there is a single lancet window with a 
fragment of stained glass, representing a monogram ; and further on 
there is a transitional Norman window, with double roll, with capitals 
under the arch and where the transom was, and tooth moulding 
externally, and which has had a transom once, but it has been 
destroyed. 

On the south side of the nave are three windows, and on the 
north side one — all are of two lights each and of thirteenth century 
date. The Norman chancel arch has gone. Over what is substituted 
are the Royal arms on a lozenge-shaped shield. 

Over the door into the vestibule is inscribed : " This is the Gate 
of the Lord." In the chancel is a triple fine geometrical Decorated 
sedilia, having pointed canopies, with trefoil finials. Tradition says it 
was brought from Warter Priory. On the north side of the chancel 
is a very good locker, with oaken doors. 

The bells are two in number. The first has no inscription ; on 
the second is CAMPANA SANCTI EGIDII (The Bell of S* Giles). 

The altar-table, fittings, and church furniture are modern — the 
pulpit and reading-desk being of pitch pine, with oak tracery. The 
lectern is oak, and was given in 1896 by Mr. Manby, of Market 
Weighton. 

The font is Norman, and round. It is partly sunk into a recess 
formed in the north wall of the nave, and it is said to stand on its 
original pedestal. Round the font is painted, "I believe in one 
Baptism for the remission of sins." It was rescued from a farmyard, 
where for many years it had been used as a trough ! 

The church was reseated and done up internally in 1872. 

The Communion Plate consists of two pewter patens, a silver 
chalice, and a pewter flagon. The pewter plates are both marked 
with — a stag's head. I.H. Lion Rampant. I.H.^ R.W.* Two 

V . . . 

obliterated stamps, and u- The silver chalice is Elizabethan and 
bell-shaped, with a neat band under the lip, but no inscription. The 
Hall-marks are — H. Fleur de lys. A.; and there is a tradition that 
it was made out of a pre-reformation chalice in 1570. 

The flagon is quart-shaped, with lid and flat band handle. It 
has neither marks nor inscription. 

The alms-dish is of brass, and is inscribed — "It is more blessed 
to give than to receive." 

1 John Harrison, a York pewterer. He is little known there used to be an 

took up his freedom in 17 13, as son of annual fair at Stamford Bridge for the 

John Harrison, pewterer. He was sale of pewter, and that English pewter 

Chamberlain of York in 1745-6. was vastly superior to any made by 

* Richard Wright, probably searcher foreigners, 
for the year these plates were made. It 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 261 

The living is a discharged rectory, valued in Pope Nicholas's 
taxation at j£^ ; in the Va/or Ecclesiasticus^ along with Hayton, at 
ix shillings; in the Liber Regis at ;^7 145.; in the Parliamentary 
Survey at £^2P\ ^^^^ ^"^ i^i^ at J[^^Z 195. 6^. per annum. Part of 
the township is in the parish of Hayton, and within the jurisdiction 
of the Dean of York, to whom certain tithes belong. It is in the 
wapentake of Harthill — Wilton Beacon Division, and in the modern 
rural deanery of Weighton; but anciently in Harthill. 

The charities are Wood's Dole — 55. per annum to the poor ; and 
the interest of ;^3, donor unknown, also to the poor. 

Inscriptions in the Church. 

On a brass on the north wall of chancel : — " Hie jacet Thomas 
Norton Gener., qui obijt 8** Decem^"* Anno Dni 1632 Annoq5. ^Etatis 
sv3e 79° in pace requiescat anima sua." 

On the floor within the sacrarium : — " Hie in spe resurgendi 
depositum jacet quod mortale fuit Reverendi Gulielmi Ponsonby Annis 
Quadraginta tribus Burnby Rector. Obiit 21 die mensis Julii A.D. 
1814. iEtat 73." 

Next to this is a stone with the inscription worn away, but there 

still remains a shield, bearing : — " A lion rampant^ impaling a 

bend sinister company ^ 

"Hie jacet ille Major Radulphus Waterhouse omni modo 
generosus Quem Mars non potuit Mors peremit. Death with his 
dart took him away, whom sword nor cannon could once slay. Would 
any know a reason why? Both one and other all must die. Qui 
obiit decimo quarto die Januarii. Anno Dom. 1676. Annoque 
aetatis suae 59." [Ralph Waterhouse, gen^, of Hayton parish, was 
buried the 16*^ day of Januarie, 1676. Registers.] 

A stone with a shield on it, worn away, as also is the inscription, 
excepting the word **Fawcett."^ 

A stone with this inscription round the margin : — " Here lyeth in 
rest the body of M"^ Elizabeth Fawsitt, daughter of M"" John Fawsitt 
and M*^ Lane Fawsitt, of Burmbey, who ended this life the 17^ of 
February, 1683." In the centre is a shield : — ^^ Argent a lion rampant 
sabU^ over all a bend gobony argent and gules (Fawcett)." [Elizabeth 
Fawcett, daughter of John Fawcett, gent, and Elizabeth his wife were 
buried 20 Feb., 1683. Registers.] 

* The Fawsitts lived at Burnby Hall, moat round it, of which traces remain, 
which stood near the church, and had a The hall has long since been pulled down. 



262 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

* 

On the chancel floor, very much worn : — " Hie jacet | Gulielmus 
Farrer* A.M. | Hujus Ecclesiae Rector | Qui Domum Rectoralem pene 
collapsam [ Suis impensis aedificari curavit | Vir probus, doctus, plus. | 
JEtaiem neu brevem in terris illi Natura concessit | Operibusque ejus 
aeternitatem in Coelis Pater j Obiit 5 Die Jul. A.D. 1735, ^etat suae | 
39 Anna maerens Vidua P." 

A coffin-shaped stone of blue fossil limestone, 6 feet long, 
inscription gone. 

" Here lie the remains of Charles Francis Carr, who died on the 
8**^ day of October, 1843. Aged 3 weeks." (A rector's son.) 

Rectors. 

The town of Brunby was held by Edmund de Aynecourt of the 
fee of the Archbishop of York for one knight's fee, and the church 
is endowed with two oxgangs of land. 

The church of S^ Giles, of Burnby, is an ancient rectory belonging 

to the Lords Deyncourts, and from them to the Fulthorps knts., 

and so to the Brunfletes, Lords Vescy, and from them to the Lords 

Clyfford, Earls of Cumberland (Torres M.S, East Ridings p. 1169). 

Roger de Fiskerton, presented 2 May, 1282, by Edmund Deyncourt. 
Mil. 

de Seleby, presented i December, 1297, by the same. 

John Baroun, presented 23 October, 1320, by the same. He died. 

William de Styandeby, presented i November, 1349, by William 
Deyncourt, mil. He resigned for the Vicarage of Aberford. 

Robert de Pokelyngton, presented 5 June, 1375, by Elyas de 
Thoresby. He resigned for the church of Poklington. 

John Stele, presented 22 June, 1382. He resigned. Will proved 
July 15, 1402. 

Robert Yongman, presented 6 August, 1389, by Richard II, by 
reason of a judgment against Roger de Fulthorpe. He resigned for 
the Vicarage of Sutton on Lound. 

Robert Bakester de Ruffyn,^ presented 24 October, 1391, by 
William de Fulthorp mil. He resigned. 

Robert Sparowe, presented 14 August, 1405, by Thomas Brounflete. 

John Whitlofe, presented by the same. He resigned. 

William Heriott, presented 23 November, 141 5, by the same. He 
resigned. 

John Chester, presented 15 January, 1436, by Henry Brounflete 
mil. He resigned. 

Henry Blaketoft, presented 4 March, 1440, by the same. He 
resigned. 

^ Probably Roffen, short for Rochester. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 263 

William Whelpyngdale, vel Whelpington, presented 3 March, 1455, 
by the same. 

William Basse, presented 15 May, 1487, by Richard Clyfforth, arm. 
He resigned. 

Richard Hill, presented 6 October, 1493, by the same. He died. 
Will proved October 14, 1500. 

Thomas Burny, B.A., presented 27 October, 1500, by the Provost 
and Council of the College of Acaster.^ He died. 

William Cant, B.D., presented 4 November, 1521, by Henry de 
Clyfford mil. 

Richard Papworth He died 1579. 

Robert Hay ton, presented 5 July, 1580, by the Assigns of Christopher 
Monkton and John Green. It was during his incumbency that the 
Registers were commenced. He died September 4, and was buried 
September 6, 1609 (Registers). 

James Randall, presented 14 December, 1609, by Francis, Earl of 
Cumberland. Died 1635. ("August 24, 1635, Bartholomei die 
deceased M"^ James Randall." Registers.) 

Robert BoUand, presented 23 September, 1635, by the same. He 
died. (1650. October y® 12, was buried Robert Bolland, minister. 
Registers.) 

James Brown, presented 6 August, 1651, by the Keeper of the 
Liberties of England, ordained priest 17 August, 1662. He died. 
(169 1. M*" James Brown, Rector of Burn by, was buried the sixth 
day of January. Registers.) 

Henry Layburne, B.A., Queen's, Cambridge, presented 27 February, 
1691-92. He resigned. 

Robert Kieith, presented 20 September, 1708. He died. (1720. 
M' Robert Keeth, Rector of Burnby, buried October 21^*. Registers.) 

William Farrer, M.A., S' John's, Cambridge, presented 19 December, 
inducted 28, 1720.* He died. (1735. William Farrer, Rector of this 
parish, buried July 5. Registers.) 

John Pidding, B.A., S* John's, Oxford, presented 3J July, 1735, 
inducted August 30. 

Bryan Allett, B.A., presented 28 April, 1748. 

Abraham Joseph Rudd, M.A., S*- John's, Oxford, inducted 15 July, 
1757. Presented by Rt. Hon. Dorothy, Countess of Burlington and 
Cork. Died 6 December, 1768. 

^ Acaster Malbis. St. Andrew's Col- sioner ; tutor and surety, Mr. Anstey, 

lege founded temp. Ed. IV. Burton's 2 March, 1714-15, set. 18. {Admissions of 

Monasticon. St. John's College ^ Cambridge^ Part ii, p. 

'^ William Farrer, born at York, son of 217, 15.) Evidently the son of Jeremiah 

Jeremy Farrer, clerk, bred at Pockling- Farrar, rector of Nunbumholme, 1695 to 

ton under Mr. Drake; admitted pen- I735f q«v. 



264 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Thomas Barstow, M.A., Clare College, Cambridge, presented 27 
May, 1769, inducted i June. 

William Ponsonby, presented 10 May, 1771, inducted May 11. 
Presented by Duke of Devonshire. He died 21 July, 18 14, aet 73. 

Thomas Carr, M.A., presented 7 December, 1814. 

Robert Thompson, LL.D., presented , 18 16. 

Charles Carr, M.A., University College, Oxford. Presented to the 
living by 'the Duke of Devonshire 13 January, 181 8. He died 25 
April, 1861. 

John Mack Williams, M.A., Trinity College, Dublin. Presented 
by Lord Londesborough 11 June, 1861. He resigned. 

William Edwin Coghlan, B.A., T.C.D. Presented by Lord Londes- 
borough, 1 89 1. He resigned for the Vicarage of Routh. 

Richard Cecil Wilton, B.A., S' Catherine's College, Cambridge. 
Presented by Lord Londesborough, 27 April, 1894. 

Testamentary Burials. 

18 June, 1390. Richard Vyle, of Burnby, to be buried in the 
church. 

18 September, 1488. Rad. Gascoigne, of Burnby, Esq., to be 

buried in the kirk. 

14 October, 1500. Ric. Hill, rector, had his will proved. 

17 October, 1537. Robert Wilberfosse, of Burnbye, gent, to be 
buried in the church. 

12 November, 1556. Raufe Gascoigne, of Burnbye, to be buried 
in the church. 

24 October, 1579. Rich. Papworthe, parson, to be buried in the 
church garth. 

18 December, 1609. Robt. Hayton, of Burnbye, clerk, to be 
buried in the chancell. 

17 July, 161 2. Robert Barcroft, of Barcroft, in the county of 
Lancaster, gent., to be buried in the church. 

(From Torres MS. Peculiars^ under Hayton, p. 714.; 

30 May, 1558. Henry Smyth, of Burnby, in y® parish of Hayton. 
Will proved 18 June, 1558. To be buried in the Parish Church of 
S' Giles, of Burnby, if the law will suffer the same. 

20 September, 1592. Richard Smyth, of Burnby, in the parish of 
Hayton. Proved 5 November, 1592. 

22 January, 1612. Anne Beatham, of Brighton. Will proved 
22 January, 1613. 

27 August, 1630. Thomas Smyth, of Burnby, yoeman. Will 
proved 18 March, 1630. 

1630. Margaret Smyth, of Burnby, widow. Proved 18 March, 1630. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 265 

The Registers begin in 1584, but the years 1624-25-26, are 
wanting. The earlier portions from 1584 to 1810 are written on 
parchment, and are contained in four thin volumes. At the end of 
the second volume there is a copy of Burnby Terrier, which is 
written out in full at the end of the fourth volume. On the fly leaf 
of this last is a List of Briefs, which is here given, as also the Terrier. 

1607. A notification that Robert Hayton, rector, made his will 
December 7. He died September 4 and was buried 6, 1609. There 
is an entry that he and his wife were allowed to eat fish in Lent 
on account of their infirmities. 

16 16. Simon Hyde buried January 14. He gave by his will 
the some of Fortie Shillings to be letten out yearly at the discretion 
of the parson, churchwardens, and overseers for the tyme being for 
ever, the interest thereof to redound to the use of the poorest of the 
parish yearly at Easter to help to pay their assessment to the church. 

16 1 7. Thomas Cooke was buried upon Monday in Whitson 
weeke, 161 7. He gave by his last will and testament the somme of 
fower shillings, to be payd or given yearly at S' Thomas' Day before 
Christmas unto the poore of the parish of Burneby for the space of 
Twelve years. 

Notices show that these payments were made from 1618-22. 

1637. M' James Randall, late Rector of Burnby, gave by his 
will the somme of forty shillings to be lette out yearly at the 
discretion of the parson and churchwardens and overseers for the 
time being for ever, the interest thereof to redound to the use of 
the poore of the parish of Burneby yearely at Easter. Y® first 
interest thereof was payed this Easter, 1637. 

1638. M"" John More, late of Burnby, gave by his will the 
summe of thirty shillings to be letten out yearly at the discretion of 
y* parson, churchwardens, and overseers for the time being for ever, 
the interest thereof to redound to the use of the poor of the town 
of Burneby yearly at Easter. This Easter is the first time that it 
was letten forth to Thomas Smith, junior. 

Then follow a number of notices of " burials in woollen, according 
to Act of Parliament." 

The most interesting entry these Registers contain is — 
1693. Sarah, y® daughter of Jane Micklefield, was buried June 
y® 12'*^. Memorandum. — This was a young woman of very great 
stature and strength as within a great way of her,^ being about thirty 
years of age, but it pleas'd God on y« 11*** day of June, being Trinity 
Sunday, y' she was struck down dead in her own doorstead by a 

* So it is in the register ; the meaning is she was the tallest woman 

for some miles around. 



266 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



violent and terrible stroak of Thunder and Lightning, so dead y* she 
was not perceived to move y* least, nor her voyce at all to be heard, 
and yet where she was struck down a child about threequarters old 
was in her arms, but receiv'd no damage, neither by y* Thunder, nor 
by her falling, and her Mother and many Children was about her, 
but all excepting her selfe escaped y* danger, and yet her selfe was 
not wounded in any part of her portions. 

From 1584 to 1895 ^^^ earlier registers were covered by a sheet 
of 15*** century MS. It had formed part of a York Missal, and 
contains the offices for the 12^ Sunday after Trinity, and also part 
of those for the Wednesday after. The present rector has had it 
carefully framed between glass. On the margins of the MS. are 
several entries of baptisms circa 166 1, and also a few lines in Latin. 



I73S- 
Sept. 7. 

i> 14. 
Nov. 16. 

Dec. 14. 

Jan. 18. 

Mar. 21.- 

1736. 
April II. 

„ 18. 

May 23. 

» 30- 
June 27. 



Briefs from the Registers. 

-Preese, fire in y* county of Lancaster, collected o 

—Brampton, fire, etc., Huntingdonshire o 

—South Thoresby Church, Lincoln ... ... o 

—Milton, in y* county of Cambridge ... ... o 

—Shaw Chappell, in ye county Palatine of Lancaster o 

-Empsay, in ye county of York, loss by fire ... o 



Tetsworth, in ye county of Oxford, loss by fire 
Norton, in county of Stafford ... 
Llanarmon, in ye county of Denbigh ... 
East Stoke, in y* county of Nottingham, a church 
Walton in ye Woulds Church, in ye county of 
i^cicesLer ... ... ... ••• ... 

July 25. — Swaffham Prior, in ye county Cambridge, loss 

Ojr 11 r" ... ... ... ... ... 

-Royston, in ye county of Hertford, loss by fire 

-Mart Hall fire, in county of Cheshire, etc. 
-Dunstew, etc., Oxon, loss by hail-storm 
Ledbury Church, Herefordshire... 
Fairwell Church ... 
■Dunbar Harbour... 
St. Mary's Church, in Gateshead 
Beretswick Church 
-Royston, loss by fire 

•Longdon Church... 

Kelshall, loss by fire 



Aug. 29.- 

1738. 
July 23. 

Aug. 6.- 



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27.— 



Mar. 4.- 

May 27.- 

Dec. 17.- 

Mar. 14.- 

1739- 
April 8.- 



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FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 

1739- 
June i8. — Radcliffe. Loss by fire... 

July 29. — Marchington, Staffordshire 

Aug. 19. — Fenn Stanton, Huntingdonshire, fire ... 

Sept.* 3. — Howdon, in Hertfordshire, hailstorm ; from house 

to house 

Oct. 28. — Nuneaton, in y« county of Warwick 

Dec 2. — Dorchester Church, in county of Oxford 

Feb. 3. — St. Chad's Church, in y« county of Stafford . 

„ 19. — Walton, in y* county of Worster, loss by fire . 
Mar. 16. — Twyford and Stamford Church, in county Derby 

„ 28. — Macclesfield Church, in ye county of Chester 

May II. — Bobi and Villar, in y« valley of Luyerne, by 

inundation, in Piedmont ... 

May 12. — New Alresford, in y« county of Southampton 
1740. loss by fire... 

June 8. — Hinxton, in ye county of Cambridge, loss by fire 

July 13. — Bierton Fire, Buckinghamshire ... 

Aug. 3. — Hirchley Church, Salop, and Thornton Church 

v^tiesmre ••* ••• ••• ».• •• 

Sept. 14. — Durrieten Chap*, in Warwickshire 

Nov. 9. — Sharcthill Church, in Staffordshire 

Feb. 8. — Bascot, in Warwickshire, loss by fire ... 

Mar. 8. — Congleton Church, in Cheshire 

„ 26. — Hoole Chapel, in Leyland 

— — {Rubbed out) in Norfolk, loss by Fire 

— — Prestwold (?) Church, in Leicestershire... 

May. Foulness Brief ... 

1741. 
July 19. — Thimbleby Church, Yorkshire* .. 

Aug. 16. — St. George and St. John, Wapping fire, London 

Sept. 6. — St. Andrew's Church, in Worcester 

Jan. 24. — Marrick, in Yorkshire, loss by fire 

1742. 
April 24. — Waters Upton Church, in y« county of Salop.. 

May 2. — Oyster dredges of Medway and Milton, in Kent 

9. — Holy Trinity Church, in Surrey... 

16. — Polesworth Church, Warwickshire 

23. — March Gibbon, in y* county of Bucks, loss by fire 

30. — Sleap, in y* county of Salop, loss by fire 

30. — Much Wenlock Church, in ye count of Salop .. 

Aug. I. — Fire in y* county of York, etc.... 

„ 26. — Drayton, fire, count : Berks 



267 



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church at Thimbleby in Yorkshire, which be Thimbleby in Lincolnshire. 



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268 

1742. 
Sept. 23.- 

Oct. 14.- 

21.- 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



)) 



Jan. 2.- 

Feb. 13. 

Mar. 6." 

1743- 
Mar. 27.- 

Aprilio.- 
n 24.- 
May I.- 
June 25.- 
July 31.- 
Sept. 7.- 
Oct. Q.- 
Dec 14.- 
Jan. 15.- 
„ 29.- 
Feb. 26.- 
Mar. I I.- 
April I S.- 
May 25.- 
July I.- 
Aug. 2.- 
„ 26.- 

Nov. 4.- 

Jan. 27.- 

1745- 
May 19.- 

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June 30.- 
July 28.- 
Sept. 22.- 
Mar. 16.- 



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Jan. 12.- 



-Middle Church 

-Chilton, etc. 

-For the propagation of the Gospel, paid to. Mr. 

lUUO *•• ••• ■•• ••• ... 

-Culchette Chapel... 

-Whittington Church 

-Fornby Chapel 

-Lower Wallop 

-Llanhate ... 

-Fornby Chapel 

-Altcar Church 

-Chilsworth, etc., by fire ... 

-Hunsingore Church 

-Oyster dredges of Feversham, in Kent 

-Llangwm Church... ... ... 

-Cheam Church 

-Melverley, loss by floods 

-Crofton Church ... 

-Maxey and Elsworth, loss by fire 

-Pulloxhil Church... 

-Great Steeping Church ... 

-Sutton, loss by fire 

-Pryors Salford and Stretton, in coun. Warwick 
and Derby, loss by fire ... 

-Sheepwash fire 

-Fretherwerne (Fretherne) etc., in county Mont- 
gomery, loss by floods 

-Rostherne Church, in com. Chester 

-Bewdley Chapel, in com. Worcester 

-Aswardby Church, in com. Lincoln 

-Barrow Church, in com. Lincoln 

-Harthill, Woodall, in com. York, loss by storm 

-Eynsford, in com. Kent, loss by fire ) 
Bucherell, in com. Devon f '" 

Stallingbrough Church, in com. Lincoln 

-Westborough Church, in com. Lincoln... 

-Blacktoft, loss by flood in Yorkshire ... 

-Neither-Knutsford Church, in com. Chester ... 

-Stillington, Healey, etc., in com. York and 
Southampton 

-Cobwal, etc., in com. Hereford, loss by fire ... 

-St. Ives' Church, in com. Huntington ... 



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FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 

1746. 
April 1 3. — Hemingford Grey Church, in com. Huntington 

„ 13. — Battlefield Church, in com. Salop 
May II. — St. Alban's, in com. Hertford, loss by fire 
June II. — Willenhall Capel, in com. Stafford 

„ 29. — Wimbish Church, in com. Essex 
July 13. — Rodington Church, in com. Salop 
Aug. 10. — Wyke, Fown-hope, etc., loss by fires 

„ 17. — ^Wilton Turvill 

Sept. 21. — Garth Stang Church* 

Feb. 22. — Hythe Church 

1747- 
April 5. — Mold Church, otherwise Mount Alto Church.. 

„ 12. — Shitlington Church 
May 17. — Mole Brace Church, otherwise Brace Mold 

Church 

May 24. — Flixton Church 

June 7. — Poulton Church ... 

July 27. — Heaton Oxcliffe, etc., inundation, 

house 
Jan. 10. — Bradley in the Moores Church.. 
Aug. 30. — St. Paul, Shad well 
Feb. 8. — Overton Church ... 

„ 17. — Rocester Church ... 

1750- 
Nov. 25. — Stoney, Middleton and Darwent Chapels 

1751- 
Jan. 6. — St. Lawrence and St. John's Church ... 

„ 30. — St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, etc. 

Mar. 3. — Stone Church 

April 1 4. — Thurstonland and Harden 

21. — Halton, Grafton and Saxton 



269 



from house to 



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28. — K el vedon- Hatch Church 



May 12. — St Nicholas Church 

„ 19. — Honley Chapel ... 
June 9. — Storrington Church 

„ 16. — Bishop Thornton, Audlem and Adlington 
Aug. 25. — Shipston Church ... 
Oct. 18. — Knighton Church 

Nov. I. — Upton-upon-Severn Church 

Dec. 15. — Nether Seal Church 

Chas. Knoulton. 

^ Garstang in I^ncashire. 



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270 THE YORKSHIRE ARCRfiOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Inscriptions in the Churchyard. 
Unless otherwise specified those buried here were all of Burnby. 

A wooden cross, inscription gone. 

Matthew Smith, died Dec. 25, 1872, aged 27 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Robert Pearson, died Feb. 22, 1865, aged 60 
years. Robert Pearson died April 22, 1866, aged 64 years. 

Jane, wife of Matthew Harrison, died May 8, 1870, aged 61 years. 

Matthew Harrison, died Nov. 12, 1880, aged 61 years. 

Teresa, wife of John George Baynes, of York, born June 6, 1850, 
died Sept. 26, 1878. 

Thomas Miller, late of Whitley, died at Burnby, Aug. 23, 1882, 
aged 36 years. 

Alicia Wilson Holtby, late of Burnby Wold, born June 10, 1809, 
died Aug. 17, 1878. Alice Stocks, born April 13, 1859, died Jan. 12, 
1888. 

An iron cross, [Edward Adamson, died] Jan. 3, 1876, aged 5 years. 

James Scott, died June 15, 1872, aged 59 years. 

Ann Smith, of Islington, London, died July 17, 1878, aged 72 years. 

Ellen, the wife of the Rev. J. M. Williams, M.A., Rector of this 
parish: born March 17, 1829, died Nov. 16, 1876. 

Everilda Jackson Weddall, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth 
Weddall, died Nov. 22, 1857, aged 17 years. Resurgarh. 

Jane, relict of the late John Weddall, of Pocklington, died 
April 30, i860, aged 92 years. 

Charles Weddall, died April 23, 1873, aged 69 years. Eliza, his 
widow, died Jan. 9, 1894, aged 81 years. 

Robert Simpson, of Burnby Wold, died Nov. 21, 1891, aged 54 
years. 

Two crosses — on one "Charles Carr " ; on the other — Agnes 
Elizai)eth, relict of Francis Lundy, Rector of Ix)ckington, died April 8, 
1 86 1, aged 72 years. 

Ellen Kattleen \Villiams, died Sept. 27, 1872, aged i month. 

Robert Adamson, died March 18, 1893, aged 90 years. 

Ann, wife of Robert Adamson, died April 24, 1868, aged 57 years. 

George Adamson, son of Robert and Ann Adamson, died March 
29» 1857, aged 20 years. 

Rachael, widow of Robert Adamson. jun., died June 4, 1870, aged 
25 years. 

(xeorge Truman, died Sept. 23, 1869, aged 35 years. Ann Elizabeth, 
his daughter, died Nov. 26, 1863, aged 11 months. 

Robert Wilkinson, died Oct. 16, 1865, aged 75 years. Ann, his 
relict, died March 27, 1881, aged 88 years. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 271 

Matthew, son of Matthew and Joanna Smith, died Dec. 28, 1823, 
aged 34 years. Jonathan, their son, died March 23, 1826, aged 28 
years. Thomas, their son, died Jan. 4, 1836, aged 44 years. 

Matthew Smith, died July 9, 1834, aged 77 years. Joanna, his 
wife, died Oct. 16, 1832, aged 70 years. 

John Smith, died Aug. 15, 1874, aged 79 years. 

George Pottage, died Jan. 15, 1880, aged 71 years. Elizabeth, his 
wife, died Oct. 22, 1846, aged 40 years. Also two children who died 
in infancy. 

Thomas Stubbs, died May 22, 1839, aged 72 years. Elizabeth, his 
wife, died Sept 182 1, aged .... 

Two low headstones, inscriptions worn out. 

Bridget Ponsonby, died June 23, 1861, aged 79 years. 

Bella Kirby, relict of the late Thomas Kirby, died 5 Dec, 1855, 
aged 91 years. 

Ann, wife of Joseph Rotsey, died March 23, 18 14, aged 24 years. 

Henry Green, died Oct. i, 1827, aged 68 years. 

John Wright, died Nov. 5, 1847, ^g^d ^3 years. Ann, his relict, 
died July 19, 1862, aged 66 years. 

Mary, the wife of Robert Theakstone, of Bumby Wold, and 
daughter of the late Robert James, of Pocklington, died Dec. 19, 
1883, aged 56 years. Also Robert Theakstone, who died at Pock- 
lington, March 18, 1891, aged 67 years, and was interred at Burnby, 
March 20. 

Robert James, of Pocklington, and late of Burnby, died Dec. 19, 
1 87 1, aged 79 years. 

Jane, wife of Robert James, died June i, 1858, aged 62 years. 

Ann, wife of John Smith Grant, of Pocklington, died April 17, 
1853, aged 28 years. Also two sons who died in infancy. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Jane James, died April 13, 
1832, aged I month. 

Elizabeth Wilkinson, wife of William Wilkinson, of Seaton Ross, 
and daughter of the late James and Dorothy Wilkinson, of Bumby, 
died Oct. 27, 1804, aged 27 years. 

Mary, daughter of James and Dorothy Wilkinson, died Jan. 26, 
1803, aged 25 years. 

James, son of James and Dorothy Wilkinson, died March 23, 
1 810, aged 55 years, leaving a wife and two children, and numerous 
friends and relatives lamenting his death. 

James, son of James and Dorothy Wilkinson, died Dec. 24, 181 1, 
aged 25 years. 

Ann, daughter of James and Dorothy Wilkinson, died Feb. iS^ 
181 2, aged 42 years. 



272 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

James Wilkinson, died May 13, 1830, aged 72 years. Dorothy, his 
wife, died Feb. 14, 18 16, aged 70 years. Also two children died in 
infancy. 

Richard Wilkinson, died Dec. 8, 1 836, aged 60 years. Amelia, his 
widow, died Sept. 5, 1856, aged 82 years. 

William Robson, died Oct. 18, 1865, ^g^^ 37 years. Mary Hannah, 
his daughter, died Feb. 11, 1866, aged 2 years and 9 months. 

BuRNBY Terrier, July 30th, 1743. 

On this Rectory is a Parsonage House, a bam, and stabling, a 
yard, and a dovecote in the garden. The present glebe consists of 
four fields or closes, viz. — one close containing about 12 acres, being 
in a place called the Mill Close. One other close containing about 
9 acres and 3 roods, one part thereof being in a place now or of late 
called the North Field, and the other part thereof in a place called 
Red-Leys. One close containing about 14 acres and a half in a place 
called y* Romills, and one other close containing about 2 other acres, 
I rood and 30 perches, in a piece of ground known by the name of 
y® Long Close or Three-Leys. These lands, and a composition of 
40 pounds a year clear of all deductions in respect of any lays, taxes, 
and assessments, except y« land-tax, is allowed, &c., and enjoyed by 
the rector, in full satisfaction for tythes and ecclesiastical dues, except 
surplus fees, mortuaries, and Easter reckonings, and in exchange for 
sundry pieces and parcels of land in divers parts of y* parish, certain 
Horse-gates and Beast-gates particularized as follows, viz.: one broad 
land called a lairpit, one end thereof running towards y*^ Sykes, and 
y* other towards y^ Stripes. Three broad lands and one narrow land 
on ye north hill lying between y® Sykes and y* Red-Leys. Three 
broad lands and one narrow land on ye Mordails, running with one 
end towards y® moor and with the other towards y® Red-Leys. One 
broad land lying in the Stripes, one end extending towards y^ 
Mordails and y® other towards the Butt-Dykes. One broad land in 
Westonby, one end extending towards the Butt-Dykes and y® other 
towards Westing-Dyke. Two broad lands in the Mill Field, running 
with one end towards the New Close and with the other towards 
Thorp Field. One broad land in a place called the Long-lands, 
lying between Bootham Close and Londesbrogh Close. One broad 
land in a place called the Style Gates, extending from the little beck 
towards Londesbrogh Closes. Two broad lands on the Low Harness, 
lying between the Southing Becks and the Upper Harnesses. One 
broad land lying on the Upper Harness, between the Lower 
Harnesses and the Sour Lands. One broad land and one narrow 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 273 

land in the Sour Lands, lying between y® Crathornes and Cloven 
Balks. One narrow land on the Low Wold, one end running towards 
the Romills and y*^ other towards Nunburnholm Field. Four narrow 
lands and one broad land lying at the north end of the Great Wold, 
running betwixt Londesbrogh Field and the Little Wold. One 
narrow short butt and four narrow lands on the Little Wold, running 
from nigh the Great Wold towards Nunburnholm Field. Four roods 
of meadow on the Red-Leys and Crathorns. Two roods in the East 
Ings, and a land end in Southing-Becks. One broad land and two 
roods in the West Ings. One broad land through the Three-Ley 
Close, containing by estimation 2 roods and 24 perches. One broad 
land in the Easing-Sykes. One broad and one narrow land in the 
Havercrofts. One narrow land in the Wood Whins. Four Horse 
gates and four Beast gates in the Sykes or Romills, and two Beast- 
gates on the moor. 

These exchanges having been made to the advantage of y* rectory 
in consequence of a survey, division and enclosure with y® consent 
of y* late rector and all the proprietors of land in the parish. Sir 
Edmd. Anderson, of Kilnwick Percy, in the County of York, Bart., in 
whose division the four closes of y* glebe aforesaid did happen to 
lay, entered into covenant with the late rector, Mr. William Farrer, 
and renewed the same with the present rector, John Pidding, for 
granting to the rector those four closes of glebe and for [sheet ends 
here]. 

NUNBURNHOLME, 

Brunham, as it is written in Domesday Book, Brunnum, or Brun- 

holme — simply means the home or dwelling by the springs, and the 

prefix of Nun was caused by the founding of a priory of Benedictine 

Nuns anterior to 1206, and of which now only the site can be pointed 

out. 

The village lies 3^ miles south-east of Pocklington, and a little 

over a mile from Nunburnholme Station. 

The dedication of the church is to St. James the Great, but its 
ancient ascription was Allhallows.^ 

The plan of the church consists of a nave 31 feet in length by 
16 feet in width; western tower opening internally, 10 feet 6 inches 
from north to south, by 7 feet 5 inches from east to west ; and chancel 
31 feet in length by 13 feet 9 inches in width. A little over 12 feet 
of the length of the chancel is occupied by the sacrarium.' The 

1 Rev. Canon Raine's Dedication of "^ All the general measurements of the 

Churches, Tfu Yorkshire Archaologual churches herein described are the 
/aurnalf vol. ii, p. 188. dimensions within the walls. 

VOL. XVI. T 



274 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

nave has a modern south porch. The original plan, dating from the 
first half of the twelfth century, circa 1120, is represented by the walls 
of the nave and the tower arch. The chancel was subsequently 
lengthened, but the western parts of its side walls doubtless follow 
the lines of the twelfth century chancel. The tower, which at some 
time has been seriously damaged, appears to have been rebuilt on a 
smaller scale than the original tower, and is filled rather awkwardly 
against the west side of the tower arch, and no doubt was largely 
reconstructed from the stones of the original twelfth century tower. 
It has been topped with brickwork. 

The roofs of the chancel and nave are pitched, internally the 
church is waggon-roofed, that in the chancel being enriched with 
bosses. 

The most striking feature of the nave is the noble tower arch. 
Its jambs have attached shafts with scalloped capitals, those on the 
south side having the knobs on the angles, which is so often found 
in twelfth century work on or near the "Wolds." The semi-circular 
arch is enriched with large soffit rolls and zigzags, with no less than 
28 heads and faces in the hood moulding. One of the original 
windows of the nave still remains in the north wall near its eastern 
end ; it is a narrow light, with semi-circular arch cut out of a single 
stone; its jambs are square and a small roll continued around both 
jambs and arch, with bases, but without capitals ; beyond this roll 
the arch has a row of sunk zigzags. The principal entrance to the 
church is through the modern south porch, but on the north side of 
the nave there is also a blocked doorway, with semi-circular arch of 
the Transitional period. 

The chancel appears to have been lengthened and reconstructed 
in the thirteenth century. On the south side, next to the modern 
chancel arch, is a lancet window with a peculiar shouldered head 
inside. Below this is a low side window with a trefoiled head 
externally, and fitted with a wooden shutter. Internally the two 
windows form a single opening. On the south side of the chancel 
are a priest's door, and a piscina (thirteenth century) ; on the north 
side a square aumbry. The east window is of three lights with 
reticulated tracery of the second quarter of the thirteenth century. 
On the south side there is a three-light square headed window with 
tracery in the top, and also a two light square-headed window, the 
top partly filled with stained glass, and the lights have a blue border. 
Both these are of the same period as the east window. The 
westernmost window on the south side of the chancel is glazed with 
fragments of stained glass, dating about 1330, and most likely made 
at York. It contains the following shields: — Argent^ on a chief sable^ 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 275 

two mullets of six points or, — Salvin, of Newbiggin.* On the north 
side of the chancel is a similar two-light square-headed window to 
those on the south side with tracery, and a stained glass star in the 
top. The south side of the nave has one square-headed window of 
two lights with tracery in the top, and some fragments of old stained 
glass with these arms ; — Gules, three lozenges argent, ornamenied with 
diaper, — Greystock.' In the west wall of the tower there is a 
modern two-light Decorated window, with tracery in the top. 

The sacrarium is floored with Minton tiles. The altar and church 
furniture and pews are all oak and modern. There is a very sweet 
toned little organ. The font is cut out of a large square single 
stone, and by it stands a brass ewer. There are two bells— on the 
first is no inscription; on the second is " DEO GLORIA, 17 17. Tho. 
Harper, Warden. E. Seller, Ebor." 

There are no monuments in the church, but on the chancel floor 
are these inscriptions : — 

In memory of Mary, daughter of Thomas Willan, Rector of this 
Church, and Mary, his wife, who departed this life July the 13th, 
1802, in the 28th year of her age. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Thomas Willan, Rector of 
this parish upwards of 44 years, and Vicar of Warter. He died 
15 February, 181 6, aged* (the rest scaled away). 

The Communion Plate consists of Paten, Chalice, Flagon, and 
Spoon, all silver and modem. On the chest is engraved : — Given to 
the Church of St. James', of Nunburnholme, by Mary Cornelia 
Morris, Whit Sunday, 1868. There is also an old bell-shaped silver 
chalice inscribed: — Hen. Burrell, Churchwarden, Nunburnholme, 1772. 

Also a brass alms-dish: — "Blessed is the man that provideth for 
the sick and needy, the Lord shall deliver him in the time of 
trouble." 

The Registers for Baptisms, Marriages and Burials commence in 
1586, and are fairly legible throughout. They do not contain any 
entries of interest beyond the following : — 

" This Register perfect and true for the space of eighteene yeares, 
but before y' time there are sundrie defects in the former doyngs of 
my predecessor. By me, William Brathwaite. 

Churchwardens. — Roger Smyth. Bartholomew Holme, his x mark. 
Edmund Smyth, his + . Edward Smyth the elder + . Robert Smith 
= his mark.' Edward Smyth the younger. John Dobson + his mark." 

* Inq. p.m. of Robert de Greystocke, held under him three carucatcs of land 

taken at Brunnum, 15 May, 1254. It in Thorp^ of the fee of St. Mary, in 

appears Robert held in chief, in Brun- York. ( Yorkshire Inquisitions, i, 36, 

num, 2 knights* fees and a fourth part 37. Yorkshire Archaological Society, 

of one fee, and that Sir Gerard Sal vein Necord Series, vol. xii.) 



276 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The charities are Wood's Dole, 35. 4^. per annum 10 the poor ; 
and the interest of ^£1$, said to have been given by the Revs. 
Thomas Gill, Jeremiah Farrar, and Henry Travers, former rectors, 
which is also given to the poor. 

The living is a rectory in charge, valued in Pope Nicholas's 
taxation at ;^i6 135. 4^?!; in the //^<?r J^^gis at j^g 12s. 6d.; and in 
the Parliamentary Survey at ;^7o per annum. 

The township is in Harthill Wapentake, Wilton Beacon Division, 
and the Rural Deanery of Weighton. Easthorpe or Thorpe-in-the- 
Street was formerly a part of this parish, but was united to Shipton- 
juxta- Weighton, "as the way to Nunburnholme was very bad." 

A remarkable fact about this church is that for about half a 
century it has remained open day and night. A priory of Benedictine 
nuns existed here from before 1206 to the Dissolution. It stood 
north-east of the village, hard by the Manor House. Though the 
site is pointed out, nothing remains save grass-grown foundations, 
and a path known as the "Nun's Walk." 

Church Goods, Vestments, Plate, &c., in 1552.* 

Burneholme. 

This bill indented made the xxiij*** daie of August, 6 Edward VI, 
betwixt William Babthorpe, Robert Constable, RaufT Ellekare, 
knyghtes, and John Eglesfefd, Esquier, commissioners, and Robert 
Awlebie, curate theire, Xpofer Smythe, Nicholas Cooke, churchwardens, 
William Hessilwood, Richarde Smythe, inhabitants of the same parishe. 
Inprimis, one challes of silver, ungilt. Item, one vestment of greine 
sattene. Item, one cope of lyning clothe, painted. Item, iij belles in 
the stepill. Item, one table clothe, one handbell. Item, one albe. 

In the town of Brunhum the Baron of Greystok had 2 carucates 
of land, and the nuns thereof had 2 carucates in frank almoigne and 
another carucate, whereof 6 carucates made a knight's fee ; and Ralph 
de Lascelles held 2 carucates, the Prior of Wartre i carucate, Ato de 
Flixton I carucate, Tho. de Tanesterne, i carucate ; Adam de Derwent, 
I carucate ; and Galfrid le Charpenter, 2 oxgangs. The church of 
Brunnum was given to the Priory of Wartre, but on VI Ides of April, 
1268. The Prior and Convent of Wartre, submitting to Walter, 
Archbishop of York's ordination touching the appropriation of the 
churches of Lund, Queldryk, and Brunnum, he appropriated the first 
unto them, reserving the two other specially to the patronage of 
himself and successors, who have ever since collated thereunto. The 
Archbishops of York presented in every instance but one from 1301 
to the present time. [Torre's MS. East Riding, p. 1161.] 

^ Surtees Society. Itwentories of Church Goods^ vol. 97, p. 76. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 277 

Rectors. 

Alan de Hessell, presented 2 July, 1240, by the Prior and Convent 
of Wartre. 

Thomas de Corbrigg, dictus de Malton, acolyte, presented by the 
Prior, 17 August, 1300, and -collated by the archbishop, 25 September, 

Richard de Clyff, collated 24 May, 1302. He died. 

John Gower, collated i July, 132 1. 

Hugo de Driffield, collated 12 April, 13 14. He died. 

William de Welton, collated 21 September, 1333. He resigned. 

Thomas de Renham, collated 7 April, 1343. He exchanged for a 
prebendal stall in Exeter Cathedral with 

Roger de Stiendeby, collated 17 April, 1347. He resigned 

Henry Hay de Aghton, collated 19 September, 1349. 

John de Cotyngham, who resigned for the hospital of Bawtre. 

Henry de Grymesby, collated 6 May, 1364. He resigned for the 
Rectory of Garforth. 

William Saxendale, collated 29 July, 137 1. He died. 

Alanus de Humbleton, collated 20 April, 1401. He resigned. 

Thomas Roberts, collated 22 April, 1402. He resigned for the 
church of Ryton. 

Robert Bryan, collated 14 May, 1408. He resigned for the Rectory 
of S. Martin, in Micklegate, York. 

John Newarke, collated 3 December, 14 10. He resigned. 

William Baureburgh, collated 25 July, 1414. He resigned. 

John Newarke, re-appointed 8 December, 141 5. 

John Wright, who resigned for the vicarage of Wold Newton, dioc. 
Lincoln 

William Popeler, collated 2 June, 1428. 

Richard Tone, B.D., collated 14 March, 1443. ^^ resigned. 

Robert Tone, L.B., collated 18 August, 1443. ^^ ^^^^ i" i447- 
(See Testamentary Burials.) 

Robert Wesse, who resigned for the church of Staunton. 

William Pymunde, collated 7 July, 1446. 

Robert Beverley, who died. 

John Isaac, collated 16 June, 1447. ^^ resigned. 

John Gysbume, collated 20 August, 1453. He resigned. 

John Smart, LL.B., collated 5 April, 1475. H® resigned. 

John Smerte, sen., rector of Leckonfield (buried in the Cathedral 
Church of York. No date). Will proved 9 March, 1489. 

John Alston, collated 2 November, 1478. He died Also Rector 
of Skirpenbeck, April 15, 1490, will proved 14 June, i493- 



278 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

John Herle, sen., collated 25 November, 1490. 

John Wigmore, who resigned. 

John Shorton, collated 3 June, 1503. He resigned. 

Richard Haweclyff, collated 16 February, 1506. He died. 

A rector, name not given, who died. Perhaps Robert Awlebie, 

1552- 

William Brathwayte, M.A., collated 30 January, 1579. He died. 

Philip Forde, M.A., collated 8 October, 1601. 

Thomas Gill, presented 1656. He resigned. 

Thomas GilV collated 14 February, 1661-62. Buried 22 July, 
1685. 

Roger Altham, B.D., Christ Church, Oxford, collated 23 July 
1685. He ceded. 

Thomas Newton, M.A., Christ's, Cambridge, presented by James II, 
1687. Buried 21 January, 1693-94. 

Jeremiah Farrar, M.A., collated 1695. Buried July i, 1735. 

Henry Travers, M.A., Queen's, Cambridge, collated 30 July, 1735. 
Buried at Kilnwick Percy, 20 October, 1754. Author of a volume 
of poems printed at York, 1740. 

William Cayley, M.A., Christ's, Cambridge, collated 23 October, 
1754. He resigned. 

Thomas Willan, B.A., St. John's, Cambridge, collated 30 October, 
177 1. Buried in the chancel, 20 February, 181 6. Also Vicar of 
Warter. 

William Venables Vernon, Christ's, Cambridge, collated 8 March, 
1 81 6. He ceded. 

William Page, D.D., collated 11 October, 1816. He ceded 

Charles Dyson, M.A., Corpus Christi, Cambridge, collated 18 
March, 1818. He ceded. 

Henry Fendall, B.A., Emmanuel, Cambridge, collated 30 April, 
1829. He resigned. 

Charles James Hawkins, M.A., Trinity, Cambridge, collated 
I May, 1839. He ceded. 

Henry Brooke Boothy, B.A., Durham, collated 28 January, 1845. 
He resigned. 

Hon. John Baillie, M.A., Trinity, Cambridge. He ceded, and died 
7 August, 1888. 

1 Thomas Gill, of Nunburnholme, in and surety Mr. Watson, 19 April, 1672, 

Yorkshire, son of Thomas Gill, clerk, aged 15. (Admissions to St, John's 

bred at Pocklington under Mr. Elyson, College ^ Caw^z-zV/^^?, part 2, p. 39, line 33. ) 
admitted for Mr. Robinson, sen.; tutor 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 279 

Francis Orpen Morris, B.A., Worcester, Oxford, collated 12 April, 
1854. He was a well-known ornithologist, and a great writer. He 
died 10 February, 1893. 

Marmaduke Charles Frederick Morris, M.A., B.C.L., New College, 
Oxford, inducted 22 May, 1893. 

Testamentary Burials. 

9 May, 1 40 1. William Saxendale, rector, had his will proved. 

27 July, 1447. Robert Tone, rector, dying intestate, administration 
was granted to Thomas Tone, clerk. 

27 October, 1601. William Brathwayte, of Burnham, clerk, to be 
buried in the chancel near to his wife. 

Inscriptions in the Churchyard. 

Unless otherwise stated those interred here are all of Nunbumholme. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Hannah Frear, died 22 June, 1840, 
aged 20 years. 

Harriet, wife of John Smith, of Methill Hall, died 27 June, 1862, 
aged 52 years. William, his son, died 24 March, 1842, aged 9 months. 
Joseph, his son, died in infancy. 

On a cross : — I. H. S. Ann Sophia, wife of Thomas Smith, of 
Methill Hall, died 23 February, 1891, aged 45 years. 

Thomas Frear, died 2 May, 1858, aged 74 years. Hannah, his wife, 
died 26 March, 1848, aged 36 years. Hannah, their daughter, died 
26 March, 1848, aged 4. 

Horace, second son of Rev. Henry Brooke, died 3 October, 1852, 
aged 10 months. 

Robert P'rear, died 31 May, 1867, aged 56 years. Mary, his wife, 
died 26 December, 1879, ^^^ ^^ years. Matthew, their son, died in 
infancy. Ruth, their daughter, died 7 January, 1849, aged 6 years. 
Ruth, their daughter, died 27 December, 1857, aged 7 years. 

Jane, wife of John Wilkinson, Canal Head, Pocklington, died 
20 April, 1895, ^g^^ 60 years. 

William Brown, died 29 June, 1892, aged 64 years. 

David Robinson, died 16 November, 1886, aged 83 years. Ann, 
his wife, died 9 June, 1886, aged 78 years. 

David Halley, at rest, 11 December, 1886, aged SB years. 

William Wray, died 7 May, 1887, aged 43 years. 

Jane, wife of George Austin, died 3 August, 1887, aged 60 years. 

John King Harrison, of Market Weighton, died 15 January, 1865, 
aged 12 years. 



280 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Mary, wife of Robert Harrison, of Market Weighton, died 
6 August, 1865, aged 67 years. Margaret, their daughter, died 28 May, 
i860, aged 18 years. Robert Harrison, died 10 September, 1884, aged 
89 years. 

Thomas Harrison, died 15 May, 1859, aged 25 years. 

Thomas Harrison, died 15 November, 1833, aged 67 years. Mary, 
his daughter, died 15 June, 1806, aged 4 years. Harriet, his daughter, 
died 2 November, 181 3, aged 12 years. 

Thomas Harrison, of Market Weighton, died 29 April, 1868, aged 
46 years. 

Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann Harrison, of 
Market Weighton, died 16 September, 1854, aged 6 years and 4 months. 
Mary Ann, her mother, died 15 April, 1865, aged 48 years, 

James, son of William and Elizabeth Harrison, died 14 March, 
1837, aged 17 years. 

Samuel Harrison, died i June, 1858, aged 42 years. 

Ralph Hagyard, died 3 July, 1808, aged 61 years. 

Ann, wife of Ralph Hagyard, and daughter to John and Elizabeth 
Cross, of Pocklington, died 10 November, 1777, aged 24 years. 

Samuel Buttle, died 31 December, 1871, aged 82 years. Mary, his 
wife, died 22 July, 185 1, aged 69 years. 

Mary, daughter of William and Sarah Buttle, died 18 June, 1870, 
aged 22 years. 

Charles Buttle, died 14 June, 1886, aged 34 years. Also Jane Ann, 
aged 2 years ; and Amy, aged 9 years, his daughters. 

John Pipes, died 29 February, 1880, aged 84 years. 

Thomas Pape, of Beilby, died 19 February, 1839, aged 33 years. 

Jane, relict of the late Thomas Pape, of Beilby, and daughter of 
Elizabeth and the late William Pipes, of this place, died 29 January, 
1 84 1, aged 32 years. 

William Pape, died 14 June, 1878, aged 48 years. 

Benjamin Story, died 5 October, 1864, aged 34 years. Jane, his 
daughter, died 5 November, 1864, aged 7 years. Thomas, his son, died 
in infancy. Anne, his wife, died i December, 1889, aged 55 years. 

Wilberfoss Hornby, fled to rest through Jesus' atoning Blood 
I March, 1880, aged 46 years. 

Thomas, eldest son of Robert and Jane Hornby, of Wold House, 
Driffield, died at Nunburnholme, 23 December, 1868, aged 57 years. 

George Bailey, died 15 January, 1868, aged 75 years. Martha, his 
wife, died 14 May, 1875, aged 78 years. 

Ruth Ellen Frear, died 21 September, 1877, aged 6 years. 

William Andrews, of Crowland, Lincolnshire, died at Nunburn- 
holme, 26 September, 1869, aged 31 years. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES, 281 

^ Francis Orpen Morris, Rector of Nunburnholme. Born 25 
March, 1810; died 10 February, 1893. 

9 In Jesu. Ann Morris, wife of Francis Orpen Morris, Rector, 
at rest, April 26, 1877, aged 67 years. 

Wilson, son of John and Ann Pearson, died 6 March, 1854, aged 
5 years. 

Susannah, daughter of John and Ann Holmes, died 1 1 August, 
1830, aged 20 years. Henry, died 15 April, 1834, aged 12 years. 
Elizabeth, died 24 November, 1837, aged 33 years. 

John Holmes, died 12 August, 1859, aged 83 years. Ann, his wife, 
died 8 May, 1850, aged 79 years. William, their son, died in America, 
21 September, 1847, ^^^ 39 years. 

Edward Harrison, died 6 March, 1884, aged 64 years. Mary, his 
wife, died 2 June, 1853, aged 27 years. 

Frances, wife of Thomas Thurlow, died 30 October, 1876, aged 59 
years. Thomas Thurlow, died 28 May, 1893, aged 72 years. 

Robert Hagyard, late of Londesborough, died 26 October, 1824, 
aged 67 years. Mary, his daughter, died 23 October, 1834, aged 32 
years. 

Elizabeth Hagyard, of Londesborough, relict of Robert Hagyard, 
died 2 August, 1838, aged 79 years. 

Thomas Brigham, died 26 September, 1831, aged 48 years. 
Elizabeth, his daughter, died 16 February, 1822, aged 8 years. John, 
his son, died 26 November, 1831, aged 21 years. 

Elizabeth Brigham, died 28 May, 1873, ^^^^ 24 years. 

Aley, daughter to Richard and Sarah Brigham, died 22 October, 
1805, aged 17 years. 

Susannah, daughter to Richard and Sarah Brigham, died 25 
December, 1806, aged 20 years. Also 3 children who died in infancy : 
Betty, Sarah, and Harriet. 

Mary Brigham, died 8 May, 1855, aged 65 years. 

William Brigham, died 11 December, 1834, aged 49 years. 

Hannah WoUams, died 19 December, 1844, aged 77 years. 

Edward Bee Wollans, late Lieut' in the 9*** Royal Veteran Battalion, 
died 12 February, 1821, aged 62 years. 

Mary Sunman, daughter of John and Jane Stevenson, died 4 May, 
1820, aged 87 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Stubbs, of Bumby, died 20 December, 
1853, aged 55 years. 

William Beal, died 27 January, 1891, aged 40 years. William 
Buttle, his son, died in infancy. 

Sarah Beal, died 24 November, 1865, aged 38 years. 

Tom Bell, died 19 February, 1886, aged 2 years. 



282 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

William Leak, died 21 July, 1846, aged 76 years. Ann Smith, his 
wife, died 12 December, 1863, aged 60 years. 

Thomas Pratt, died 12 July, 1867, aged 54 years. Mary, his wife, 
died 31 January, 1867, aged 51 years. 

William Vause, died 3 October, 1855, aged 23 years. 

Francis Vause, died 16 May, 1842, aged 66 years. Margaret, his 
daughter, died 14 June, 1835, aged 6 years. John, his son, died 
7 May, 1837, in infancy. James, his son, died 23 September, 1843, 
aged 2 years. 

Matthew Swallow, died 6 July, 1876, aged 78 years. Rebecca, his 
wife, died 4 April, 1833, aged 31 years. Ann, his wife, died 23 April, 
1874, aged 73 years. 

Eleanor, wife of Thomas Burnell, died 30 May, 1829, aged 25 
years. Jane, their daughter, died 25 December, 1829. 

Edward Johnson, aged 2 years, died 23 December, 1861. 

John Overend, died 19 October, 1841, aged 74 years. Mary, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Overend, died 17 April, 18 18, aged 2 
years. Phihp, their son, died 30 November, 1822, aged 19 years. 
Ruth, their daughter, died 2 February, 1825, aged 17 years. 

John Overend, died 11 August, 187 1, aged 70 years. Mary, his 
wife, died 10 May, 1835, aged 33 years. John, their son, died 13 
March, 1829, aged i year. Jane, their daughter, died 26 February, 
1834, aged 7 months. Ruth, their daughter, died 17 March, 1839, 
aged 13 years. Mary, their daughter, died 13 September, 1854, aged 
24 years. 

Charles Cumberland, of Pocklington, died 10 May, 1879, aged 68 
years. Jane, his wife, died 12 January, 1873, aged 61 years. 

Richard Brigham, of Methill Hall, died 3 April, 1852, aged 84 
years. Ann, his wife, died 14 February, 1847, aged 73 years. 

The Nunburnholme Cross.^ 

The churchyard cross is in two sections, resting upon an 
independent base. It was taken out of the walls of the porch when 
it was rebuilt in 1873. The shaft measures 5 feet in height, but 
including the base 6 feet 10 inches. It is i foot 2 inches by i foot 
at the bottom, and 11 inches by 10 J inches at the top. It is in two 
pieces, which do not fit, the middle piece being missing, though Mr. 
Morris, the present rector, thinks it will be found when the western 
tower is restored. It is boldly sculptured on all four sides. 

* I have been much helped in decipher- Symbols," by J. Romilly Allen, F.S. A.; 

ing these sculptures by "Notes on the **Gosforth Crosses," by Arundel Parker; 

Early Sculptured Crosses in Carlisle and by much kind personal help from J. 

Diocese," by the late Rev. W. S. Romilly Allen, Esq., F.S. A. 
Calverley, F.S. A.; ** Early Christian 



284 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

all the old stone being used and re-tooled.' It consists of a chancel 
1 8 feet long and 15 feet 3 inches wide, of which 6 feet is taken up 
by the sacrarium; a nave 41 feet 6 inches long by 21 feet in length, 
divided by a modem chancel arch. There is a north porch, a 
vestry on the south of the chancel, and a double-bell cot with 
one bell, which has no inscription. The style of the church is 
late Norman. The entrances are three in number — the main door 
being on the north side where the porch is, there is a priests' 
door in the chancel with zigzag moulding, and a vestry door on the 
south. The chancel is lighted on the east by a window of three 
lights, filled with stained glass. The crucifixion in the centre, with 
I.N.R.I., and above an angel bearing a scroll: — "For our trans- 
gressions." Below, Christ bearing His cross. On one side the 
Blessed Virgin, above her an angel with scroll : — " He was wounded." 
On the other side S. John the Evangelist, and above an angel 
with scroll : — " Bruised for our iniquities." There is a round window 
above the east window filled with stained glass, the subject being 
"The Resurrection." On the north side of chancel is a one-light 
window filled with geometric tracery ; in the centre is a red cross in 
a glory, with a scroll I. N. R. I. 

On the south side there are two windows of one light each, filled 
with figures representing David and Solomon, each of which holds a 
scroll, but the inscriptions, which are intended to read continuously, 
are hopelessly muddled, and no sense can be made of them. The 
nave is lighted by four one-light windows on the north, and five on the 
south, all filled with oak-leaf stained pattern. At the west end are 
two lights filled respectively with figures of St. Peter and St. James 
the Great ; and in the round window above them is depicted " The 
night into Egypt." 

The furniture of the chancel is all in oak, the pews in the nave 
being of pitch pine. There is much old carved oak in the church, 
collected from many sources both in I^ndon and different parts of 
the Continent by a late Mr. Denison,^ who then lived at the Hall. 
'i'he altar has the sacred monogram, and is a solid oak slab on 
massive pedestals, one representing a man playing on his pipe, the 
other a woman with a child. The altar rails have also six carved 
figures. The pulpit has in front a panel representing the Virgin and 

* So much *' so-called restoration '" new, though the carving over the porch 

has been done to this church that not in my opinion is original Norman work, 

a single old stone is left — everything which has had a chisel over it instead 

has been dressed. There is no doubt of scrubljing brush and hot water. 
that the church follows the lines of its .. ^, u i i • 

ancient foundation to a very consider- •■ There was more old oak. Init u 

Me e.vtcnt, and c„ everything looks <lisap|«arcd after " the restornt.on. • 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 285 

Child, cherubs playing musical instruments, &c. On the north side a 
head in relief, and on the south a man carrying a book, a little angel 
walking besides him. There is also a mermaid. The reading-desk 
has vines and foliage conventionally treated. The south chancel pew 
has the following panels : — the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin ; 
the Scourging of Christ; Jesus and the Woman of Samaria; and 
The Flight into Egypt. The north chancel pew has : — an Angel 
standing by a Vine ; Jonah cast into the sea ; Abraham about to 
sacrifice Isaac ; and The Dedication of Samuel by his parents. The 
front pews of the nave are also handsomely carved, and there is a 
fine old carved oak chest in the vestry. The font is octagonal and 
poor. There is a small organ. 

In the Inventory of Church Goods taken in 1552, the leaf con- 
taining goods, plate, vestments, &c., for Kilnwicke Piercye is torn oflf.* 

The communion service is all silver. The chalice is Elizabethan 
with a pretty band underneath the lip, it is bell-shaped, and has 
these hall-marks: — a leopard's head and a York rose. On its body 
are these arms : — Quarterly, i and 4. Argent, a chevron between three 
crosses flory j^^/^ (Anderson). 2. Argent^ five mullets in saltire sable 
(Chilcote). 3. Sable, on a bend argent, three fleurs-de-lis of the field 
(Wood, of Kilnwick). There is no inscription. The paten is a plain 
plate on a pedestal inscribed — " I. H. S. The gift of Lady Anderson to 
the Church of Kildwick-perce, 1704." The hall-marks are rubbed 
out. The flagon is quart-shaped with nice band ornament round the 
body. It has both lid and handle, and round the base : — " Presented 
by the Hon^^« M" Buncombe to the church of Kilnwick Percy, 
1847." The hall-marks are of that date. 

The registers for Baptisms and Marriages commence in 1688, and 
for Burials in 1690. They are continuous, but present no special 
features, and though it has been thought they were mutilated, such 
is not the case. Of charities there is only Wood's Dole, \qs, per 
annum to the poor, though the full sum amounting to ;£^io a year is 
raised upon land in this parish, and is distributed to 44 neighbouring 
parishes. The living is a peculiar and a discharged vicarage, in the 
gift of the Archbishop of York, though formerly belonging to the 
Dean and Chapter. It is in the wapentake of Harthill, Division of 
Wilton Beacon, and anciently in that of Harthill, but now in the 
modern Rural Deanery of Pocklington. In the Valor Ecclesiasticus 
it is valued : — 

Kilwyk Percy. 

Vicaria valet clare .... ;^iiij xvjj. \\d, 
X* inde ixj. vij^^. 

^ Surtees Society, vol. 97, p. 78. 



286 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

In the Liber Regis at the same, and in the Parliamentary Survey 
at ;^4o per annum. " Wee find," say the Commissioners, " this is a 
small congregation, and being within a mile of Pocklington, fit to be 
united to it." 

Kildwick was held by William de Percy of the heirs of Brus by 
the service of one knight's fee, and four shillings rent, excepting 
twelve oxgangs of land, which the Prior of Wartre held in frankal- 
moigne. The church, in which was a chantry, and four oxgangs of 
land, was given by Robert de Percy to the Deanery of York in 
the time of Henry II, which was confirmed by the Archbishop in 
7 ides December, 1232, and a vicarage ordained therein 14th Kal. Mart, 
13 1 2. {Torre^s MS. Peculiar s^ p. 723.) 

Vicars. 

Roger de Hoyland, presented 7 ides December, 1233. He is the 
earliest on record, and was presented by the Dean and Chapter of 
York. 

Henry de Pokelington, presented 14 Kal. March, 131 2. He died. 

William Raventhorp, chaplain, presented 3 February, 1347. 

Henry de Hull, chaplain, presented 13 May, 1350. 

John occurs in 1552. 

Robert Hype, vicar of Kylnwyke Percy, was buried 21 September, 
1562. (See Testamentary Burials.) 

James Liversedge, presented 14 December, 1687. Buried at Kilnwick 
Percy, 24 May, 1728. 

Richard Warnford, presented 1728. Buried at Kilnwick Percy, 
7 December, 1755. 

John Fox, B.A., presented 8 May, 1756. He was a native of 
Doncaster, and up to 1756 was vicar of Uffculme, in Devonshire. 

Charles Wolfe Eyre, presented in 1823. 

William Hamilton Etty, presented in 184 1 (son of Etty the painter ?). 

Mark Anthony Lawton, B.A., Jesus, Cambridge, presented October, 
1847. Resigned 1897. Died Christmas Day, 1900, aged 84. 

Richard George Fish, collated 14 May, 1897. Instituted by proxy, 
but died 18 July, 1897, before coming into residence. 

Walter Nathaniel Turner, M.A., Trinity College, Dublin, accepted 
the vicarage, but resigned it, and was never inducted. 

William Winning, appointed 1898. He holds the vicarage of 
Kilnwick Percy, together with the vicarage of Warter, by special 
dispensation from the Archbishop of Canterbury. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 287 

Testamentary Burials. 

30 January, 1544. John Hallewell, of Kilnwick Percy. Will 
proved. 

21 September, 1562. Robert Hype, vicar of Kylnwyke Percy. 
Will proved. To be buried in the churchyard of St. Hellen, nigh to 
the church porch. He bequeathed to the church thereoff a white 
cope to be used on our Lady Day in honour of her. And two 
torches to bring him forth to be lighted on the day of his burial, 
and at all other times to be used at the sacrament time. 

15 May, 1584. Thomas Wood, of Kylnwyke Percy, gentleman. 
Will proved. To be buried on the north side of the queere of the 
church of Kylnwyke Percy. 

30 September, 1587. William Wood, of Kylnwyke Percy, gentle- 
man. Will proved 15 May, 1588. To be buried in the church 
without any worldly pomp. 

August 16, 1600. William Danyell, of Beswick. Will proved 
November 19, 1600. 

27 August, 1602. Jane Danyell, widow, late wife of William 
Danyell, of Kilnwick Percy, esquire, deceased. To be buried in the 
queare of the church towards the north side near the place where 
Thomas Wood, gentleman, sometimes her husband, was buried. 

Inscriptions in the Church. 

On the north wall of chancel is a black marble with brass cross 
and plate : — " In affectionate remembrance of Frederic William 
Duncombe, late Captain in the Grenadier Guards, who died in London, 
February 6th, 1878, aged 36, and was buried in the cemetery at 
Brompton." 

On the south side is a brass mounted on a black marble: — "I. H.S. 
Arms : Per chevron^ engrailed gules and argent^ three ialbots' heads erased^ 
counler-changed (Duncomhe), In affectionate remembrance of Delia, 
wife of the Hon^** Arthur Duncombe, of Kilnwick Percy, in the East 
Riding of York. Born 23 October, 1814 ; died 5 May, 1873. Erected 
by her sorrowing children. And God shall wipe away all tears from 
their eyes, and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor 
crying, nor any more pain, for the former things have passed away. 
{/^ev. xxi, V. 4.)" 

A diamond-shaped brass, richly engraved : — Crest : Oul of a ducal 
coronet or^ a horse^s hind leg sable^ shoe argent (Duncombe). Arms : 
(Duncombe). "In loving memory of Admirah Hon^** Arthur Duncombe, 
of Kilnwick Percy, Pocklington. Born March 24, 1806 ; died February 
6, 1889, aged 82. S And he shall make all things new. (Rev, xxi, 

V. 5-)" 



288 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

On a brass near the north door : — Helmet and mantling with this 
crest on an arched plate over the centre of the inscription. Crest : 
A wolfs head^ erased sable^ collared and ringed or. Arms : SabUy on 
a bend argent^ three fleurs-de-lis of the fields with a crescent gules^ sur- 
mounted by another crescent argent for difference (Wood, of Kilnwick). 

'' 9Et)oma0 !II9ooli, ffientilman, h){)o in toarfare fiatbe be. 
?^e foug{)t '\xi 0cotlant), tn Eogall armses ST^re. 
JLoetf) nou burieli va tfjig graue fjere unljer. 
®f Suloign b3{)rn gt biad Snglisi)^, (fTltTft^comptroUrr. 
©f tfje toarti court giie anti STbientg gerrg togrtljtt 
Btputr tecegbor, of gorkstfjire once escljetat. 
Clerfee of t})e gtatut' in JLontion Noble cgtge. 
Collector of Sclbg biitfi tenne pounti* getelg ffe. 
iFor tfjougljt*, toortirg or tieili* tofjicf) to ffioti or man toere gU, 
®f boti)e fje asskt forggbenes boitf) glat) fjart anti toill. 
^e buglt tf)ob30e t)erebg to tfjiss cfjurcfje, btoujPffjt in 0ooti race. 
®ot) grant \\% bigfe anli donned to passe a golilg race. ame. 
b3!)icf) 3Ef)oma0 Bgeti g« rciii tiage of ©ctober, 3t<> tfom*, 158J4." 

In the vestry are three marble tablets : — To the memory of 
Edmund Anderson, Esq., eldest son of Sir Edmund Anderson, 
baronet, who died September XVIII, MDCCXLVII, aged XXXII, 
and was buried at Maestrucht, in the Netherlands. 

Near this place lie the remains of Dame Frances Anderson, 
second wife of Sir Edmund Anderson, baronet. She died his widow 
11^^ Sepf^, 1 80 1, aged 72. Elizabeth Dorothy Frances was their only 
child. She married Nicholas Smith, Esq. In filial duty they caused 
this monument to be erected to her memory. 

Near this place arc deposited the remains of Sir Edmund 
Anderson, baronet, who died May III, MDCCIJCIV, aged LXXVII. 
And of Dame Mary, his wife, daughter of William Harvey, of Chigwell 
in Essex, Esquire, who died August XXII, MDCCXLIX, aged LXIIL 
This monument is erected to their memory by their only surviving 
son, the Rev. Sir William Anderson, baronet. 

Inscriptions in thk Churchyard. 

Mary Ann, wife of W'" Harrison, of Kilnwick Percy, died 6 
December, 1869, aged 28. 

John Alphonse, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Remy, died 14 
September, 1846, aged 2 months. 

Ci{^OT\i,e Murray, died 4 March, 1868. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 289 

Rev. Richard Wameford, many years since vicar of this parish. 
A man much respected for his life and doctrine. He died 29 
November, 1755. Mary, his widow, died 5 April, 1790, in the 75*^ year 
of her age. 

There is a large subterranean vault used as the burial-place of 
the Buncombes. 

MILLINGTON. 

This church stands in the village of Millington, which is situated 
in a deep and narrow valley on the western side of the Wolds, and 
h'es three miles north-east of Pocklington. The dedication of the 
church is said to be unknown, but I believe it to be St. Margaret 
of Scotland.^ 

According to the recapitulation of Domesday Book, in Milleton 
the King had fifteen carucates. In the same place the Archbishop 
(of York) had three carucates. Philip de la Leye had in Milinton 
and in Gripthorpe half a knight's fee, looj.* 

The plan of the church consists of a nave 35 feet 6 inches in 
length by 19 feet 6 inches in width, with internal western tower; 
chancel 24 feet 6 inches in length by 13 feet 4 inches in width; 
and a modern south porch of brick. The tower must have been 
damaged at some time, for the top has been repaired with brick. 
The structure of the church in the main preserves its original plan 
of the middle of the twelfth century, but has undergone later 
alterations. For example, the buttresses are an addition to the walls, 
which formerly had none. The south door is late Norman work 
with arch of three orders, with zigzags and other ornaments, but 
shamefully defaced with initials cut into the stonework of the jambs. 
The chancel arch is pointed and chamfered, and appears to be a 
thirteenth century alteration of the original Norman arch. None of 
the original windows remain. On the south side of the nave is a 
square-headed window of two lights and another two-light window in 
the east wall of the chancel, both of them dating from the second 
quarter of the thirteenth century. On the south side of the chancel, 
next the chancel arch, is a plain square-headed low side window, 
then a priest's door, and east of this a square-headed window of two 
lights. The windows on the north side of the nave are square- 
headed, of lights, and perpendicular in style. Externally, part of the 
walls are covered with ivy. On the south side of the nave there 
are remains of a corbel table, much weather-worn. The building was 

restored in 1883. 

* See inscription on second bell. 

^ Yorkshire Inquisitions, Yorkshire Archi?eological Society, Record Series, XII, p. 37. 
VOL. XVI. U 



290 THE YORKSHIRE ARCttffiOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The most westerly window on the south side of the nave is filled 
with stained glass, one light being the Cjood Shepherd, "He shall 
gather the lambs in his arms " ; the other, Mary at the feet of Jesus, 
" Mary sat at Jesus* feet and heard His word." On a brass close 
to: — "I. H.S. To the glory of God, and in memory of Elizabeth 
Barker, who fell asleep 22"^ September, 1881, and of her parents 
Henry EUershaw, sometime vicar of this parish, and Susannah, his 
wife, all of whom are interred near this place. The window is 
erected by David Wilson Barker, of Worcester, husband of the above- 
named Elizabeth Barker." There is a small square west window in 
the tower, and over the north end of the tower are painted the Royal 
Arms: — "George Welburn, churchwarden, 1726." 

There are two bells inscribed : — i. * Thomas del Ward me fecit 
2. X Sea. Margareta Ora Pro Nobis. The inscription on the second 
bell gives the key to the dedication of the church. 

On the west end are Tables of the Commandments, the Lord's 
Prayer, and the Creed. On the south wall of the nave the Creed 
and the Lord's Prayer are repeated, and near the main door is this 
text, probably Elizabethan black letter: — "I had rather be a door- 
keeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of 
wickedness. O Lord of Hostes, blessed is the man that trustest in 
Thee." {Fsalm LXXXIV, ver. XI, XII.) 

The font is sexagonal, modern, with a plain cover. There is also 
a smaller font near the door, round, plain and old. The altar, 
reading-desk, pulpit, and chancel fittings are all oak, and modem. 
The pews are deal. The altar table itself is a handsome piece of 
carved oak. The super altar is inscribed : — " The Bread that I will 
give is my Flesh, which I will give for the Life of the Woiid," On 
a panel at the side: — "To the glory of God, and in memory of 
Hannah Singleton, the dearly loved wife of George Hudson, and 
daughter of the Rev. W. R. Griesbach, formerly vicar of this parish," 
There are also fi\t shields with the sacred monogram i,fj.j$. 

The reredos is a painting of the Crucifixion with the Virgin 
Mary, Mary Magdalene, St. John, and St Joseph with a reed It was 
given December 25, 1889, by Mr. George Hudson, in memory of his 
wife. The altar ornaments are all brass. There are two old oak 
chairs in the sacrarium. The altar-book, bible and prayer-book are 
all labelled : — " Presented to Millington Parish Church by the Rev. 
J. A. Eldridge, M.A., Vicar of Bishop Wilton. The Rev. Thomas 
Davie, B.A., Vicar. Rev. Frank Burnham, B.A., Curate. Robert 
Matthews, Paul Hicks, Churchwardens, June 1878." There is a smaller 
prayer-book: — "Presented to Millington Parish Church by the Rev. 
H W. Kemp, B.A., Vicar. Advent, 1879." 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 291 

The communion plate consists of a silver chalice, plain, bell- 
shaped, without inscription, and some hall-marks with letters p ; lion, 
leopard's head; >l. and underneath a lion. 

A silver paten on a stand, and having I.H.S. in a glory in the 
centre. Underneath : — " Presented by Bertha Hamerton in memory 
of her father, Rev. W. R. Griesbach, Vicar of Millington, February 
(24), 1889." A pewter flagon, belly-shaped, with lid and band handle, 
and inside stamped I.H.* A pewter paten, stamped twice John 
White," with a rose and a crown. The alms-dish is evidently an old 
pewter paten, which has lost its foot, and all marks are obliterated. 
-^ The registers commence in 1609 for Baptisms, Marriages and 
Burials. They are mixed up with Givendale Magna until 1657, and 
then again from 1674 to 17 10, after which there are separate books. 
In many places the entries are well-nigh rubbed out, and many of 
the leaves are simply scribbled on, e,g. copies, arithmetic sums, 
specimens of signatures, &c. Baptisms in some places are entered : — 

"Robert Wilkinson had a female child bom unto hipi the 
twentie day of March, and her name is Christian, 165 1." ' 

"John Ffrank had a male child born unto him the twenty-first 
day of August, and his name is Anthonie, 1654." 

Parish Clerks were much inclined to be facetious, and there are 
several entries like these : — 

"When William Bissit had run his race 
Then came Richard Hudson and took his place. [Buried 165 1.] 
O homo memento mortalis es." 

"When Richard Hudson had run his race 
Then came William Turner and took his place, &c." 

There is the following awful entry: — "David Webster died 
November 18, 1801. His death was occasioned by being foolishly 
rubbed with Mercury water by an unskilful person for the itch, and 
he died in the greatest agony. This I hope (adds Vicar Holmes) 
may be a warning to others. 

Church Goods in 1552.' 

Millingtone. 

This bill indented maide the xxiij^ daie of August, 6 Edward VI, 

betwixt William Babthorpe, Robert Constable, Rauff Ellerkare, 

knyghtes, and John Egglesfeld, esquier, commissioners, and William 

Prest, curate theire, Robert Jacksone, John Newland, churchwardens 

* John Harrison, a York Pewtcrer, Free 1713. 
« A York Pewtcrer, Free in 1697. 
* Inventory of Church Goods, Surtees Society, vol, 97* 9« 7i» 



292 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

of the same. Imprimis, two vestmentes, one of greene saye and the 
other of blewe silke. Item, one challes of silver, parcell gilt Item, 
two belles. Item, one handbell. 

Charities. — Richard Wilkinson, by deed, dated 8 March, 1696, left the 
rent of 7 acres, 2 roods, 23 perches of land, and two beast-gates, let at the 
time of the report for ;^ 15 per annum, and distributed to the poor of the 
parish who receive no relief, half-yearly at Christmas and Whitsuntide. 
John Wilkinson left by will, dated 24 September, 1801, interest of 
;^2oo for a schoolmaster to teach ten poor children, both boys and 
girls, " reading, writing and arithmatice." William Flint left by will, 
30 January, 1804, interest of ;^ioo to the schoolmaster to teach four 
more poor children the same. Christopher Dent gave by surrender, 
dated 23 May, 1786, four houses for the use of the poor. There is 
also Wood's Dole, 2s. 6d, per annum to the poor. 

The living is a Peculiar, being a vicarage held with the vicarage 
of Givendale Magna. Both were formerly portions of the great 
pre-Norman parish of Pocklington. A vicarage was ordained in 1252, 
and Archbishop Sharp says, "Millington is as much a parish church 
as Givendale, though they have but one vicar."^ It is joined to 
Givendale Parva or East Givendale — called in Domesday the other 
Geuedale.* " In Mileton and Geuedale were three carucates of land 
held of the fee of St. Peter in York by the donation of Ulf," It 
was valued in 1707 at jQ^ 8i., in the Parliamentary Survey at jQi lox., 
and in 181 8 at jQi^ 11s, yearly. 

A faculty was granted 16 July, 1824, to put a new slate roof on, 
to rebuild part of the church and tower, and to re-pew. The vicarage 
is in the gift of the Archbishop of York, though formerly beloniging 
to the Dean and Chapter. It is in Harthill Wapentake — Wilton 
Beacon Division — and in the modern Rural Deanery of Pocklington. 

In the parish, about half a mile north-east of the village, many 
Roman remains have been found, and there are traces of a strong 
camp with immense earthworks, varying in height from 40 to 60 feet, 
and carried over hill and dale to Garrowby Chair. 

Testamentary Burials {Torre's Peculiars^ p. 679, &c.). 

23 January, 1595. Peter Harper, of Millington, husbandman. 
Proved 9 February, 1595. 

21 June, 1609. Thomas Newland, of Millington, clerk. Proved 
22 December, 1609. 

* For list of Vicars see Givendale. 

* It is only mentioned in the Recapi- King four carucates. In the same place 
tulation. '* In the other Geuedale, the the Archbishop two carucates." 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 293 

19 December, 161 3. Robert Wayneman, of Millington, husband- 
man. Proved 7 February, 161 3. 

31 March, 1624. John Harper, of Millington, yeoman. Proved 
4 May, 1624. 

1624. Richard Langeley, of Meltonbye, esquire. Proved 19 
October, 1624. 

27 July, 1625. Bryan Wayneman, of Millington. Proved 20 
February, 1625. 

Inscriptions in the Church. 

South chancel wall. A white marble on blue : — " Sacred to the 
memory of William Wilkinson, Esq"^, of Millington, who died January 
I8»^ 1824, aged 88 years." 

North chancel wall. White marble, surmounted by an urn, all 
on blue marble : — " This monument is erected to perpetuate the 
memory of John Wilkinson, Esq™, late of the city of York, who 
served the office of Sheriff in the year 1798, and was Lord Mayor 
in the year 1801. He departed this life the 12*'^ of November, 1803, 
in the 56*'^ year of his age. Also Mary Wilkinson, his wife, who 
departed this life the 2^^ of August, 1806, in the 66^** year of her age. 
Their remains are interred near this place." 

A large white marble on stone. Above the marble an open book 
rests on two books and has two books on either side. The book 
is opened with the words *ETArrE-AION KATA MAT0(AION). 
" Below lay entombed the earthly remains of the Rev. James 
Frank, whose pious soul without a sigh took its leave of this sinful 
world May 5*^ 1771, aet. 24. His mournful parents deprived of their 
only child directed this monument to his memory. 

Short was my time, but longer is my rest, 
God called me hence because He thought it best. 
Therefore, dear friends, lament for me no more. 
For I'm not lost, but gone away before." 

" Nigh to this place lies the body of Matthew Frank, gent., 
waiting in hope for the resurrection of the just, who departed this life 
June 19, 1774, ajt. 49. Also nigh this place lieth the body of M" 
Elizabeth Frank, of the City of York, widow of the above Matthew 
Frank, mother of the Rev. James Frank, who departed this life 
February 17, 1784, aged 68. She was a tender Parent, and a loving 
Wife." 



N 



294 THE YORKSHIRE ARCaffiOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

White marble on blue marble : — " In remembrance of the Rev. 
Edmund Holmes, Vicar of Millington-with-Givendale, where he had 
been resident Incumbent 46 years. He died on the 18*** of March, 
1836, in the 80**^ year of his age. His remains are deposited in a 
vault within the rails of this altar. The first vicarage house at 
Millington he erected in the year 1790." 

On the floor of nave and porch : — " M" Elizabeth Frank." 

Inscriptions in the Churchyard. 

(All are shortened, and unless otherwise stated are of Millington.) 

Mary, wife of John Crosby, died 28 January, 1828, aged 61. 

Thomas Sugden, died 2 September, 181 1, aged 52. Ann, his wife, 
died 14 September, 1825, aged 70. 

James I^wton, born 16 June, 1801, died 6 November, 1878, 
Margaret, his wife, born 29 January, 1810, died 19 December, 1873. 
Jesse, their son, born 15 July, 1849, died 15 August, 1859. 

Mary, wife of Francis Coates, died 23 December, 1822, aged 46. 

Emla, wife of W"» Rickel, died 18 January, 1829, aged 74. W" 
Rickel, died 22 July, 1836, aged 93. 

Mary, wife of Richard Brigham, died 17 July, 181 7, aged 35. 
Richard Brigham, died 3 March, 1827, aged 48. Sarah, daughter to 
Richard Brigham by a second wife Mary Rickell, died 3 October, 
1 8381 aged 17 years. Also Mary, their daughter, died 7 June, 1840, 
aged 20. 

Mary Foster, died 19 June, 1820, aged 75. 

John Sugden, died 4 June, 1828, aged 41. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Slighton, died 3 November, 1832, aged 51. 

Joseph Gardham, died 10 July, 1840, aged 75. Elizabeth, his 
widow, died 2 March, 1864, aged 86. Alfred Gardham, died 19 June, 
1865, aged 45. 

Jonathan Hickes, of Little Givendale, died 27 May, 1850, aged 47. 
George his son, died 7 April, 1841, aged 6 years. 

John Hicks, son of the late Jonathan Hickes, of Little Givendale, 
died 8 December, 1872, aged 35. 

Aley Jennings Anderson, relict of Jonathan Hickes, of Little 
Givendale, died 17 September, 1892, aged 86. 

James Hope, of Kilnwick Percy, died 7 September, 1890, aged 59. 
Mary, his wife, died 11 September, 1881, aged 49. Also these children 
— James, died 28 July, 1882, aged 18 years. Mary Ann, died 12 
August, 1887, aged 21 years. Mary Ann, died 6 June, 1863, aged i 
year. R. I. P. 

On a low stone : — J. H. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 295 

John Kilby, of Ousthorpe, died 5 June, 1851, aged 69. Mary, his 
relict, died 27 May, 1865, aged 74. 

Abraham Nicholson, died 28 March, 1847, aged 62. 

Ann, wife of Abraham Nicholson, died 20 April, 1841, aged 63. 

On a marble cross : — Rev. W. R. Griesbach, vicar of Givendale- 
vvith-Millington and Fridaythorpe, died 21 December, 1861, aged 59. 
Hannah, his wife, died 21 September, 1882. On a stone below this 
inscription is repeated, followed by — H. J. H. Griesbach, M.D., Surgeon 
in the 10*^ Madrass N.I., eldest son of the above, died at sea on 
6 April, 1868, aged 40. W" Robert, second son of the above, died 
in Australia, 1867, aged 38. 

Harriet, wife of Thomas Barker, died 27 January, 1853, aged 37. 
W*", their son, died 27 June, 1853, aged 17 years. 

Catherine, wife of Thomas Barker, died 2 March, 1874, aged 58. 

Mark Newsome, died i May, 1864, aged 49. Ann, his wife, died 
6 September, 1885, aged 69. George, their son, died 2 September, 
'859, aged 5 years. 

Bernard Griesbach, died 19 June, 1846, aged 2 months. 

Mary, wife of Thomas Burkill, died 24 March, 1892, aged 56. 

John Harrison, died 26 May, 1895, aged 77. Ruth, his wife, died 
20 July, 1895, aged 72. 

Robert Matthews, died 17 September, 1878, aged 69. 

Robert Matthews, died 19 May, 1881, aged 27. 

* i.fj.g. E.V. * i.fj.0. H.E. Henry Ellershaw, vicar of this 
parish, died 2 February, 1870, aged 70. Susanhah, his wife, died 18 
January, 1875, aged 75. Elizabeth, their only daughter, the wife of 
David Wilson Barker, of Mayfield House, Worcester; died 22 Sep- 
tember, 1 88 1, aged 53. 

Rev. Thomas Davy, vicar of Millington, died 6 May, 1879, aged 6a. 

George Reynard, died 10 April, 1881, aged 56. 

J. A. B., 1832. 

Henry John, son of W"» and Hannah Brigham, died 17 September, 
1849, aged 7 years. 

W™ Brigham, died 11 March, 1852, aged 77. 

Ann, relict of W" Brigham, died 2 May, 1861, aged 82. 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Dale, of Garrowby, died 23 July, 1879, 
aged 24. 

John Harrison, died 21 April, 1863, aged 76. Jane, his wife, died 
15 January, 1882, aged 90. 

Richard Harrison, died 5 November, 1865, aged 75. 

Catherine Harrison, died 10 July, 187 1, aged 78. 

Ann, wife of George Brigham, died 7 March, 1877, aged 58. 



296 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Mary, daughter of George and Ann Brigham, died 20 October, 
1874, aged 25. Jemima, their daughter, died 28 May, 1857, aged 
I year and 4 months. 

Hannah, wife of John Brigham, died i July, 1843, aged 34. Walter, 
their son, died 27 August, 1843, aged 15 weeks. 

John Brigham, died 10 December, 1844, aged 38. 

Thomas, son of Edward and Elizabeth Mitchell, died 9 December, 
1843, aged 5 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Robert Foster, died 13 December, 1839, aged 64. 

John Dales, died 6 March, 1862, aged 80. Sarah, his wife, died 
14 November, 1826, aged 49. Hannah, his second wife, died 15 
October, 1884, aged 79. 

Johnson Hudson, died 31 July, 1854, aged 56. Robert Cross 
Hudson, of Pocklington, died 9 December, 1856, age'd 56. 

Margaret Ann Thompson, died 26 November, 1855, aged 27. 

W"» Thompson, died 21 July, 185 1, aged 58. Hannah, his wife, 
born 7 May, 1805, died 28 December, 1883. 

John Ripley, of Ousethorpe, died 6 February, 1877, aged 65. 
Sarah, his wife, died 7 February, 1877, ^g^^ ^6- 

Mary, wife of John Ripley, died 19 January, 1856, aged 36. 
Francis, their son, died 5 September, 1857, aged 10 years. Ann, their 
daughter, died 18 January, 1877, aged 26, and is interred ia Kirkheaton 
churchyard. John, their son, died 27 April, 187 1, aged 18 years. John 
Ripley, their father, died 23 September, i860, aged 80. 

Jonathan Hicks, of Scampston, died 5 April, 1831, aged 81. 
Isabella, his wife, died 21 March, 1864, aged 90. 

Wm Flint, died 30 August, 1806, aged 88. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Gospel, died 21 November, 1844, aged 28. 
W"^, died 30 May, 1848, aged 14 weeks. W"" Irwin Gospel, died 25 
January, 1845, aged 9 weeks. 

To the memory of four brothers who died in the prime of life, 
sons of Jonathan and Isabella Hicks, of Scampston — Timothy, 
1 February, 1832, aged 19 years; John, 22 March, 1837, aged 35; 
Francis, 2 May, 1839, aged 35 ; George, 24 December, 1845, ^g^ 37- 

Here there is the remains of a churchyard cross. The moss- 
grown base and a portion of the shaft. There is no ornamentation. 

W"^ Cumberland, of Pocklington, died 19 April, 1864, ^.ged 75. 

Charles Cumberland, died 16 March, 1850, aged 74. Ann, his wife, 
died 10 February, 1868, aged 99. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 297 

John Barker, died 3 September, 1837, aged 83. Ann, his wife, died 
4 April, 1838, aged 83. Dorothy, their daughter, died i August, 1822, 
aged 29. Mary, their daughter, died 29 November, 1856, aged 60. 

Henry Quarton, died 16 July, 1864, aged 93. 

John Holderness, died 3 March, 1873, aged 16 years. Maria, his 
sister, died 31 May, 1861, aged i year and 9 months, and is interred 
at Fangfoss. 

Mary Wallis, spinster, died 18 January, 1798, aged 63. 



GIVENDALE MAGNA. 

This pretty little church is situated on the Wolds, and is built 
upon a gentle declivity. Just around is wood and water, so that its 
situation is most picturesque. It is three miles and a half north of 
Pocklington. Domesday Book tells us, " In Geuedale, the King had 
eight carucates ; in Grintorp four carucates."^ The church, which is 
built upon the site of a twelfth century fabric, and follows its plan 
of aileless nave and chancel without windows on the north side, 
consists of a chancel 18 feet in length by 14 feet 3 inches in width, 
of which 9 feet 3 inches is occupied by the sacrarium; a nave 
28 feet 6 inches in length by 15 feet 6 inches in width. There is 
a modern vestry on the north side, and a double bell-cot at the west 
end, containing two bells, without inscription. There is only one 
entrance on the south side, and no porch. 

This church was rebuilt in 1849, and though much of the old 
stone was retooled and used, more was cast aside for the purpose of 
road-mending. An old road man, now dead, told me how he had 
seen carved stones ready in heaps to be broken up. Thus many 
interesting features perished, and but for the Misses Singleton the 
fine Norman chancel arch would have gone too. By strenuous efforts 
they saved all they could. In the grounds of M" John Singleton, of 
Givendale House, there is the ancient Norman font, a lot of corbels, 
and zigzagged stones. In the house is still preserved a picture of the 
old church by W™ Etty, R.A., showing that it was a low building 
consisting of chancel, nave, with south door, a wooden bell-turret, and 
a red-tiled roof fairly pitched. 

The general style of the present church is a copy of thirteenth 
century work. In 1886 it was refitted throughout with oak, and the 
vestry built. 

The chancel has an east three-light window filled with stained 
glass, the central one being Our Blessed Lord with His right hand 

* There is another alias **Ghiue<lalc" — vide Domesday. Also North Givendale. 



298 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

raised in blessing, whilst the left grasps a cross. Around and above 
are eleven angels bearing scrolls, on which are inscribed in Latin the 
consecutive sentences of the Post-communion hymn, "Gloria in 
excelsis Deo." Below is :— " Donum dedit W. R. Griesbach, anno 
MDCCCLIX." 

On the south side of the chancel is a two-light window, and also 
a geometrical window of one light, with a low side window below 
only separated by a transome. 

On the south side of the nave is a two-light window, and at the 
west end are two single lancet windows. There is a piscina in the 
sacrarium with trefoil head, and on the south side a stone sedilia. 

The chancel arch is late Norman, of three orders, with zigzag 
mouldings, carved bosses on its south pier, and carved capitals with 
scrollwork and heads on the north pier. 

The font is of Caen-stone, and is a double octagon in shape, 
raised on three steps. It is surmounted by an elaborately carved 
oak spiral cover, which is lettered around the base : — 

31 tI|anfe::offetinfi from BHilIiam anb-iWarg (5rrttnti0tt, ©ecemiet 

There is a very handsome brass ewer. In the corner is a holy 
water stoup, semi-circular, with nine facets. It is mounted on a 
banded shaft, which rests upon a double pedestal. 

In the vestry is this inscription : — " This vestry was erected to 
the glory of God and in memory of John and Rebecca Singleton 
by their daughters, A.D. MDCCCLXXXVI." 

The altar-table is of oak and of sixteenth century work. There 
is a nice oak credence. The pulpit is of oak, has six carved panels 
and tracery, and is inscribed : — " To the Glory of God and in memory 
of Lucy Singleton and her love for her Parish Church." 

The communion plate consists of a silver plain bell-shaped 
chalice, marked I. T.^ and a York Rose. A silver paten on raised 
foot, inscribed : — " Presented to Great Givendale Church by Rebecca 
Singleton, A.D. 1857." There is a plain pewter flagon, quart-shaped, 
with band handle and lid, but without marks. Also a Nuremberg 
plate of hammered-up brass work, which is used as an almsdish. 

The dedication of the church is unknown, but a tradition says it 
was to S* John the Evangelist. 

^ Probably John Thompson, Goldsmith, York. Free 1599. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 299 

Inventory of Church Goods, 1552. 

Gevedale.^ 

This bill indented made the xxij* daie of August, 6° Edward VI, 
betwixt William Babthorpe, Robert Constable, Rauff Ellerkare, 
knyghtes, and John Egglesfeld, esquier, commissioners, and Lourance 
Ludrington, vicare, John Richardsone, George Richardsone, church- 
wardens theire. Imprimis, one challes of silver. Item, ij vestmentes, 
one of read saye, the other of greine saye. Item, one albe and two 
tableclothes. Item, one surples of lyne. Item, ij belles, one handbell. 

Givendale Registers begin in 1657 for Baptisms, Marriages and 
Burials, and remain distinct to 1674. From 16 10 to 1657 they are 
mixed up with Millington, and again from 1674 until 17 10, when 
there are separate books. They are neither in good preservation, or 
have they been kept in consecutive order. This is the most interesting 
entry: — "Elizabeth, wife of W"» Marshall, miller, was buried 
September 4, 18 10, aged 43 years. Her death was occasioned by the 
sting of a Bee in the ball of her hand." 

The only charity is a portion of Wood's Dole, 2s, 6d. per annum 
to the poor. Great Givendale, vel Givendale Magna, is a Peculiar, 
and a discharged vicarage, formerly in the gift of the Dean and 
Chapter of York, but now in the presentation of the Archbishop. 
It is an independent'* vicarage, though it is held with Millington, and 
has been held with Fridaythorpe at times. Originally it was a chapel 
appendant to Pocklington, but 8^^ ides November, 1252, a vicarage was 
ordained in the chapels of Givendale and MilHngton, reserving 2X. to 
the mother church (of Pocklington) in name of subjection. Yet for 
all purposes it is still a parish church. It is in Harthill Wapentake, 
Wilton Beacon Division, and the Model Rural Deanery of Pocklington. 

It is valued in the Fa/or Ecclesiasttcus at ;^iij xviijj. \]d, per 
annum inde x a vijj. \d, = ;^iij xviijj. '\]d. In the Liber Regis at 
^3 18^. 4i/. per annum, and in the Parliamentary Survey it was "in 
the hands of the Commonwealth." The living was augmented in 
1742 with ;^2oo to meet the benefaction of the Hon. and Rev. 
Edward Finch's ;;^Soo; and in 1757 with ;^2oo to meet benefaction 
by will of ;^20o from J. Atkins, Esq. 

* Inventory of Church Gooiis^ Surtees pendent vicarage. It gives a title to a 

Society, vol. 97, p. 69. prebcndal stall in York Cathedral, and 

2 There is no doubt that Givendale the great tithes are devoted to Dean 

Magna cum Grimthorpe is an inde- and Chapter of York. 



300 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Grimthorpe' is part of Great Givendale parish, and gives its title 
to the present baron. It is an old estate, and upon it was formerly 
a domestic chapel dedicated to S' Mary, of which no trace remains, 
nor does any of the ancient hall, save a few garden walls. 

The Prebendary of Givendale is lord hereof, and hath the site of 
his manor, five tenements, and as many oxgangs of land, and had all 
manner of jurisdiction over his tenants; but no ecclesiastical juris- 
diction is now exercised by the Prebendary. And the Prebendary of 
Salton hath one tenement and six oxgangs of land in Givendale. 

The following taken from Yorkshire Inquisitions post-mortem is far 
too interesting to omit. Writ dated at Bristol, 15 July, 1256': — 
Inquisition made by Thomas de Tanesterne in Hayton, Robert 
Monstroyle of Bubbewythe, Peter de Hugate, Laurence de Kalde- 
walde, Peter de Flaxeflet, Walter de Mikkelfelde, Roger de Linton in 
Lathum, Roger de Hugate in Herlethorpe, Joseph de Hayton, William 
le Garge, John de Esthorpe, Ralph of the same, Robert son of Beatrice 
of Millington, who say upon their oath that William the Arblaster, 
or cross-bowman, held in two towns which are called Gyveldale, four 
carucates of land, worth by the year iooj., by the service of a cross- 
bowman,' and doing ward at York Castle in time of war for forty 
days at his own charges, if longer at the cost of the King, and to 
conduct the King's treasure throughout the county at the King's 
charges.* The said William had three sisters, to wit, Alice, Eve, and 
Avice. Of Alice came Walter, her son and heir, now of full age ; of 
Eve came Cecily and Alice, and they are of full age ; and of Avice 
came Alan, who is of full age. These are the heirs of the aforesaid 
William.' 

* In vol. cxxiij of the Dodstvorth MSS.^ in the Bodleian Library, 
under the heading of Notes of Inquisitions of Tenures in Chief, are 
some notes about this family. Fo. 131, 2 Ed. II (1308-9), Ricus le 



^ See Yorkshire Archteoiogical Journal ^ 
vol. ii, pp. 195-214. Grimthorpe. A 
Monograph by the late Robert Davies, 
F.S.A. 

* Yorkshire Inquisitions^ Yorkshire 
Archaeological Society, Record Series, 
vol. i, pp. 46-47. 

^ Service of cross-bowman was a species 
of grand serjeantry or tenure by knight 
service of the King only. 

* Testa de Nevill (vol. ii, p. 691) 
shows that CJeofirey de Geveldale held 
four bovates of the Honour of Tickhill 
(besides his serjeanty of York Castle), 
for conducting the King's treasure from 
York Castle, the depot, to Tickhill on 
the borders. 



° On November 3, 1256, the King took 
the homage of Walter de Donesford, 
Cecilia, daughter of Eve, and Alice her 
sister, and of Alan son of Avice, the 
relatives and heirs of "William Arblastar, 
of Geveldale, for all the lands and tene- 
ments which the said William held in 
chief {Excerpta i Rotulis Finium, vol. ii, 
p. 244). In a Fine of 15 Henry III 
(No. 40), he is called William de Geven- 
dale son of Richard Balistarius. In the 
Red Book ** Serjanteriae, Robertus de 
Geucldale et Thomas de Geueldalc 
[tenent] totam Geueldale per balisteriam 
ad castellum Eboracense." 

6 Yorkshire Inquisitions^ Yorkshire 
Archaeological Society, Record Scries, 
vol. xii, p. 291. 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 301 

Alblaster held premises in North Geuedale and Est Geuendale in 
chief by the service of finding the sixth part of one cross-bowman in 
the Castle of York, at his own expense, for 40 days if there be war 
in the county. Fo. 134, 2 Ed. Ill C1328-29), No. 30, Robtus 
Alblaster de North Geueldale held lands in North Geuendale and 
Est Geuendale. Ralf le Alablaster is his son. Fo. 139, Escheats 18 
Ed. Ill (1344-45), No. 3, William, son of Robert de North Geuendale, 
held lands in North Geuendale of the king in chief by fealty and 
service, rendering to the King's exchequer, by the hands of the 
Sheriff, 2S. 6d, at Easter and Michaelmas. And John is his son and 
heir. Fo. 1406, Escheats 20 Ed. Ill (1346-47), No. 6, John le Archer 
held land in Yapum of the king in chief by the service of a seventh 
part of a certain serjeanty, which serjeanty is held entire of the king in 
chief by finding one man with bow and arrows in the Castle of 
York, at his own expense, for 40 days if war shall be in the county, 
by homage. And John is his son and heir. 

Then follows a note in small and difficult handwriting: — "iste 
fo : fil: ob (seisitus?) de (premissis?) 24 Ed. Ill (1350-51). Fo. 144, 
23 Ed. Ill (1349-50), No. 151, Radus Alblaster held of the king in 
chief as of his crown by homage and service of the sixth part of a 
certain serjeanty, certain tenements in North Geuendale and Est 
Guenda (sic), Fo. 154, Escheats 51 Ed. Ill (1377), No. 13, Agnes 
de Geuendale held of the king in chief certain tenements in Est and 
North Geuendale by finding with her companions an archer in a 
certain tower within the Castle of York, for the safe custody of the 
Castle, for 40 days in time of war. 

Vicars of Great Givendale with Millington. 

John de Harpham is the earliest on record. He was presented 
by the Dean and Chapter of York, but Torre gives no date. 

John de Bridlington, presented 15 July, 135 1. 

John de Thoraldby, chaplain, presented 20 October, 1356. 

Laurence Thanney, priest, presented 16 April, 1361. 

Laurence Ludrington occurs in 1552. Also William Prest, curate 
of Millington. 

Thomas Newland, clerk, occurs before 1609. Buried at Millington, 
21 June, 1609. (See Testamentary Biirials.) 

Henry Weadley occurs before 1666. 

Samuel Turner, presented about 1666. He died 29 March, 1674. 

Edward Dunning was vicar of Great Givendale with Millington 
from 1684 to 1695. 

William Topham, presented in 17 16. 



302 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Samuel Marsden, presented in 1749. 

Robert Jackson, presented in 1763. 

Edward Holmes, M.A., Canterbury, held the two vicarages from 
1790 to 1836. He died 18 March, 1836, and was buried in Millrngton 
Church, aged 80. 

William Robert Griesbach, presented in 1836. He was also vicax 
of Friday thorpe. He died 21 December, 1861, and is buried in 
Millington churchyard. Aged 59. 

Henry Ellershaw, presented 1861. Died 2 February, 1870, aged 72, 
and is buried in Millington churchyard. 

Thomas Davie, B.A., S' Catherine, Cambridge, presented 1 1 June, 
and instituted 27 July, 1870. Died 6 May, 1879, aged 68, and is 
buried in Millington churchyard. 

Henry William Kemp, B.A., Corpus Christi, Cambridge, presented 

1879. Resigned. 

Baldwyn Eyre Wake, M.A., Trinity, Oxford, presented 27 April, 

1880. Resigned 1895 for vicarage of Cawood. 

Arthur Wilmot Welch, M.A., Trinity Hall, Cambridge, presented 
13 January, 1896. 

Testamentary Burials {Torre's MS, Peculiars^ 676, &c.). 

I April, 1 591. Thomas Hebden, of Great Givendale. Proved 
4 April, 1 591. To be buried in the parish church of Great Givendale 
near his father. 

29 April, 1 591. Robert Richardson, of Great Givendale, yeoman. 
Proved 14 May, 1591. To be buried in the church besides his wife. 

31 July, 1593. Robert Stainton, of Great Givendale, husbandman. 
Proved i September, 1593. 

1632. Henry Bosse, of Great Givendale, husbandman. Proved 

17 December, 1673. 

4 May, 1639. Anna Hebden, of Pocklington. Proved 29 July, 
1639. 

17 December, 1640. Anne Bosse, of Great Givendale. Proved 

18 February, 1641. 

Inscriptions in the Church. 

On a brass on the north chancel wall : — 

" Stemmata qvid facivnt. Hie dormit in Christo Georgivs laconivs 
vir vere ingenws, vrbanvs innocvo sale facetvs Pater optimvs, fortis, 
prvdens, patriae idonevs ! cvm vxore svi charissimi Barbara Allani, 
formos^ casta nvmerosi prole beati, 1641. 

A handsome white marble monument on the south chancel wall. 
Arms : — Azure^ three barrulets argent^ in chief as many bezants, 
(Atkins, of Staffordshire and London.) 



FIVE EAST RIDING CHURCHES. 303 

"M.S. Near this place is interred John Atkins, Esq., who died 

y* last day of January, 1732, aged 79. He was a kind husband 

and parent, affectionate and deservedly beloved, and respected by 

all his friends. He was son of Sir Jonathan Atkins, a gentleman 

of Staffordshire, some time governor of Barbadoes (who died y* 8*^ of 

January, 1702, aged 99}, by Mary, his first lady, who was daughter of 

Sir W" Howard, of Naworth Castle, and died y® 7'** of April, 1660, 

aged . . . , both also buried here. Elizabeth, second lady of Sir 

Jonathan, was daughter of Sir John Baker, bart, and died y« 4'^ of 

March, 1694, aged 57, and was also here interred. Diana, y« first 

wife of y® said John Atkins, was daughter of Sir W"» Humble, bart., 

and died without issue y* 8'^ of April, 1687, aged 32, and was also 

here interred. By Alice, his second wife (yet living), sister of John 

Aisalbie, of Studley, Esq**, he had a son named Howard, a promising 

youth, who, to y* unspeakable grief of his parents, died y* 27 May, 

1 7 16, aged 13, and was also buried here. M*^ Jane Atkins, sister and 

executrix of y« said John Atkins, in performance of his will caused 

this monument and inscription to be placed here. The said Jane 

Atkins died on the 17*** day of Aprill, 1761, aged 100, and was 

buried near her said fiather and brother." 

On a stone tablet on the north wall of nave: — 

"In memory of Ann Maria, wife of John Singleton, Esq"", a 

beloved wife, a favourite daughter, a kind parent, an indulgent 

mistress, an amiable woman, and a sincere Christian ! Died Sept' 7***, 

181 1, aged 31. 

Mourn for the Exit of a Soul so fair ! 

Mourn for that Loss we never can repair!" 

On a richly ornamental cross: — * with Agnus Dei. "To the 
glory of Ciod and in loving memory of John Singleton, 
of Great Givendale, and Teresa Cottage, Pocklington, who died 
January 2, 1887, aged 80 years. He was the eldest son of John 
Singleton, of Great Givendale, who died May 19, 1853, and grandson 
of John Singleton, of the same place, who died January 24, 1793. 
The memory of the just is blessed (Prav, x, 7)." 

On a white marble mounted on black : — 

" In memory of John Singleton, of Great Givendale, Esq., who 
died January 24, 1793, aged 77, And of Ann, his wife, who died . . . 
January, 1797, aged 61. And of their daughter, Ann Singleton, who 
died January 6, 1796, aged 22. Also of their son, John Singleton, I 



304 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

of Great Givendale, and of S^ John's College, Cambridge, who died 
May 19, 1853, aged 83. And of Robson Singleton, the youngest son 
of the last-named John Singleton and Rebecca, his wife. He died 
May 31, 1849, aged 22. Also the above-named Rebecca Singleton, 
who died July 10, 1881, aged 90." 

Inscriptions in the Churchyard. 

A portion of the west side contains an enclosed space with a 
number of low headstones, all to the memory of the Singletons, of 
Great Givendale. 

Anne Singleton, daughter of the late John Singleton, died 
February 13, 1857, aged 54 years. 

Robson Singleton, ob. 31 May, 1849. 

John Singleton, ob. 19 May, 1853. 

Rebecca Singleton, ob. July 10, 1881, aged 90 years. 

Lucy, daughter of John and Rebecca Singleton, died August 20, 
1885, aged 54 years. 

Margaret Singleton, ob. December 31, 188 1, aetate 60. 

Rebecca Julia Maud Singleton, obit March 2, 1878, aetate 14. 

James Singleton, ob. October 20, 1858, retate 2. 

Charles Singleton, ob. March 22, 1884, setate 22. 

Matthew Wilkinson, died 20 February, 1828, aged 78. Mary, his 
wife, died 4 March, 1830, aged 68. 

Thomas, son of John and Sarah Adamson, died 17 August, 1854, 
aged 7 years. Also four sons who died in infancy. 

Katurah, daughter of John and Sarah Adamson, died 25 September, 
1858, aged 13. Also John Adamson, died 10 January, 1864, aged 44. 
Sarah, his wife, died 31 January, 1883, aged 63. 

Thomas Smith, died 6 March, 1865, aged 79. Mary, his wife, died 
22 February, 1846, aged 59. 

Robert Adamson, died 4 March, 1842, aged 76. Mary, his wife, 
died 29 August, 1859, aged 89. Robert, their son, died 18 November, 
1869, aged 71. William, son of the above, died 4 July, 1889, aged 79. 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE: A LEGEND. 

By HAMILTON HALL, F.S.A., F.R.HiST.S. 

Those who have followed with any attention the controversy on the 
paternity of Gundrada are accustomed to the vigour, and to the 
peculiarities, of Sir George Duckett's style, and they have recognised 
that it is necessary to read his dissertations most carefully in order 
to distinguish between his facts and his opinions. His latest utter- 
ance on this subject* opens with the statement that it is " final 
and conclusive.'' Final it may be from his point of view, but 
that it is not conclusive admits of easy demonstration. It is idle 
to reply to his irrelevancies, and to resent his abuse of those who 
are so unhappy as to disagree with him ; but his allegations must 
be examined in order to discover the manifold difficulties by 
which they are attended. 

To begin at the beginning. " Mr Stapleton seems to have been 
the first to blunder." That is not so. Mr Stapleton's paper* was 
preceded, some couple of centuries, by Dugdale*s adoption, in a 
perfectly literal sense, of Vi talis* statement that Gundrada was 
" soror Gherbodi." To describe as " blunders " the opinions of these 
eminent antiquaries, and of those who appreciate the difficulties 
they indicated, is a mere petitio principii ; unworthy of notice, save 
in so far as it illustrates the logical methods employed. 

The next assertion is that "the unearthing of the foundation 
charter of Lewes priory stopped the mouths of certain parties." 
Since this elegant figure of speech may mean anything, the state- 
ment may be true; but it is not true if it is to be understood 
to mean that the recovery of this charter proves the contention 
that King William was father of Gundrada, for it does not prove 
the point It is only because it so failed that the paper under 
discussion could have been thought requisite. Simply to read it 
is to discover that, as printed, it contains absolutely nothing 
connecting Gundrada with the Conqueror. The king simply calls 
her the wife of William de Warenne. That was never doubted. In 
a foot-note is a statement to the effect that there is no room for 

* Yorkshire Archaohgical foumaly xv, 428. 
^ ArchiFolosical fotimal^ March, 1846. 

VOU XVI. V 



306 THE YORKSraRE ARCILaEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

further argument as to Gundrada's having been daughter of Matilda. 
That also perhaps was never doubted save by Mr Chester Waters; 
and the charter leaves the matter precisely where it was before. 

The sentence runs on in the same strain. Read superficially 
the meaning of the words is misleading; read critically their 
meaning disappears. "The confirmation charter of William de 
Warenne; the original charter of William the Conqueror, giving 
Walton to the monks of St. Pancras, and its genuine copy by Sir 
Richard St. George (of which further on), all proved that she derived 

her parentage from William and Matilda." Did they indeed all 

prove so much? Then the question is at an end. But in feet 
none of them proved this point, all of them together do not prove 
it, and the enquiry may be continued. De Warenne's charter and 
the Walton charter have been examined and discussed until there 
can be very little if anything fresh to say about them. These 
then cannot be the vaunted final evidence; and the proof must 
arise out of the "genuine copy." In the presence of the original 
it may amount to a difficult question how a copy can establish 
that which the original leaves uncertain, but that may appear 
presently. 

Something more surprising follows, however, " It did not immedi- 
ately strike either side of the disputants that the Council of Rheims 
in 1049 had placed the earliest of Duke William's children quite out 
of the line of legitimate descent," — here are enough errors for the 
present. One runs no risk in asking Sir George to prove that 
William had any issue by Matilda in 1049. He is fond of saying 
that such was the case, but he has never offered any better security 
for the fact than his own word, with perhaps the suggestion that 
only a madman would question his right to make the allegation. It 
follows that the Council of Rheims cannot be shewn to have placed 
these hypothetical children in or out of any line of descent. This 
may explain why the disputants escaped for a season; and the skill 
with which this dummy fact is dressed out is really admirable; but 
it is more profitable to see what was done, so far as we know, at 
that council. The Pope laid upon Baldwin and William an express 
prohibition, in a few plain words, which are printed in a foot-note, 
while their plain meaning is, apparently, rejected. I have already 
shewn, elsewhere,' how far this interdict goes towards demonstrating 
that the marriage had not taken place at that date, and it hardly 
seems worth while to repeat the argument. 

For the present purpose only, however, let it be granted that 
William had then already married Matilda, and further that he had 

^ Genealogical Magazine ^ 1898, p. 294. 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 307 

already issue living bom of her ; and with the like limitation let it 
be granted that the great and good pope, and man, St. Leo IX 
(whatever his words may actually have been, and however recklessly 
he may have hurled the anathemas of his spiritual authority, without 
pausing to fit his language to his thoughts) did have official know- 
ledge of this marriage granted in the present hypothesis. Then the 
argument intended is, that his nullification of the marriage bastardised 
the issue thereof. So far right, unfortunately for the contention, for 
any canonist, or any textbook, will furnish the information that a 
questioned marriage was examined, and decided, on its own merits ; 
and that the legitimacy or illegitimacy of the issue followed the 
event. England is practically alone in differing from that common- 
sense and logical law to-day. The dispensation obtained by Lanfranc 
in 1059 legitimated the issue, in legalising the marriage; and it 
legitimated all the issue born of and between those two parties, now 
at last legally united, let the circumstances and dates of their several 
births have been what they may. If that is an inaccurate statement 
of the Canon Law in this connection at that date, I shall be sincerely 
grateful to anyone who can shew me where I am mistaken. 

When he wrote his " Parting Word "* Sir George Duckett appeared 
to hold an opinion more or less consonant with this, the chief 
difference lying in a partly-expressed reservation as to the legal status 
of the issue — if any be it always remembered, — born before the 
prohibition of 1049; and it is perhaps possible to imagine that such 
issue, if any again, may have been left bastards, so to speak, when 
the Mater' issue acquired their post-natal legitimation. That there 
is any means of defending this quaint idea, either by canon law, or 
by inference drawn from the underlying Roman law, or even by 
analogy, based on recorded decisions in cases having merely a vague 
general resemblance to this case, I utterly disbelieve; subject to the 
correction of the better-informed. The point is of little importance 
at the moment, inasmuch as the dispensation of 1059 is here now 
dropped, to clutch the interdict of 1049, which is rashly affirmed to 
have bastardised at least two persons, Gundrada and Robert are 
named, who for any evidence to the contrary were not yet bom. 
That is, in brief, we are now to think that the Pontifical See was 
incompetent to withdraw its own prohibition; alternatively that the 
See though competent did refuse to withdraw it, with all its conse- 
quences of what kind soever ; in which case Sir George invites us to 
believe that the price of two abbeys was paid for an absolution, as 
he has called it, which left the parties only half-absolved. This then 
is the opinion, of which he says, " It was only after long thought and 



308 THE YORKSmRE ARCHJEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

research that we arrived at the following conclusions, which we verily 
believe will stand the test of time." A strong preconceived idea has 
misdirected the research, and the conclusion does not stand the test 
of a few minutes' reflection. As an argument it is no better than 
his chronological demonstration, examined and refuted in the last- 
mentioned paper. 

This bastard Robert is only another man in buckram. Let it be 
granted for a moment that the fact may have been so. That is 
offered as a reason why he could not succeed to the English crown, 
but only to the Norman duchy. Neglecting the extravagance of this 
estimate of the disabilities of illegitimacy at that date, why or how 
this singular, not to say inverted, distinction is to be drawn, is left 
entirely to our imagination. It may be remarked that his death-bed 
speech, quantum vaUat^ gave a totally different explanation of the 
Conqueror's reasons for the arrangements made, or rather not made, 
by him for the succession to the Crown, and recited the long 
previous grant of the duchy to Robert, with his misgivings therein. 
The hypothesis is required, however, to justify the previous step in 
the argument, that there was issue already born in 1049, capable of 
being illegitimated by any sort of process. That assumption was 
needed to support the opinion that William and Matilda were 
'married' by that date, for here at last is the point which must be 
made good in some way. The structure is top-heavy, and the man 
in buckram is over- weigh ted. It would be much better to defend 
the date of 1047 for this marriage, or if that cannot very well be 
supported, at least to attack logically the obnoxious date 1053, and 
the awkward coincidence of Matilda's signature, believed to be her 
first yet discovered in a Norman connection, in that same year. To 
ignore these little difficulties is not to refute them, but to insist, 
proof or no proof, that Robert was born before 1049 is to affirm 
that he was 85 years old, or more, when he died at Cardiff in 1134. 
He may of course have attained that great age despite his hardships 
and sufferings, but no mention of it has as yet been observed. 

The interdict is next made to do duty, as on former occasions, 
for evidence of the mysterious consanguinity which has baffled several 
investigators. The most unwarrantable assertion is again advanced 
that it forbade "the marriage of Duke William with Matilda on the 
score of consanguinity," the apparent meaning of which is that 
consanguinity was expressed as the ground of prohibition. That was 
not so, as may be seen by reading the foot-note to this passage. No 
grounds whatever are stated; there is a bald prohibition, and we 
have no other first-hand account of this injunction. Certain contem- 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 809 

porary Norman chroniclers, after a fashion, sought to imply that some 
consanguinity existed, as very probably it did exist; but so far from 
saying that this was the ground of the inhibition, neither William of 
Jumieges nor William of Poitiers even mention the interdict; they 
are in the highest degree vague on the whole subject of the marriage ; 
what they do say in words, as we now have them, is demonstrably 
false in intent and suggestion, unless the date 1053 can be disproved; 
and both by what they say, and by what they abstain from saying, 
they provoke a strong impression that either they knew the facts and 
obscured them ; or that they did not know the facts ; whence, in 
either case, those facts cannot have been so very simple and 
innocent ; for certainly the two Williams must have had ample 
opportunity of knowing all that was not carefully concealed. That 
Vitalis and Malmesbury and their successors, and in short all who 
were of the twelfth century, were honestly ignorant of the true 
bearings of the subject may be only matter of opinion, but careful 
perusal of their writings does give that idea. 

To return to the point. " Gundreda's age at her death is recorded 
to have been 35." Many would like proof of that. In his " Parting 
Word about her,"' Sir George Duckett was apparently quite satisfied 
with his somewhat cryptic demonstration that the lady died at 36. 
Therefore it must be assumed that in the last ten years he has 
discovered this valuable record, to which he gives us here no 
reference. One would like to see her age established, but possibly 
this is in fact not so much an actual record, as the crystallisation of 
his opinion on her age. If so, such a loose expression is to be 
deprecated, and those who permit such laxity cannot fairly object to 
criticism. But to continue. " And that age," 35 aforesaid, not 36 as 
hitherto, "agrees exactly with the prohibition of the Council of 
Rheims, so that the year of her birth coincides in the most remark- 
able manner with the year preceding that prohibition." The lucidity 
of this passage is perhaps as remarkable as the coincidence. Truly 
it is most remarkable. Nobody knows Gundrada*s age, not within 
ten years, but the arithmetic is much about the same. as the logic 
The year preceding the Council of Rheims was the year 3 Oct. 
1048 — 2 Oct. 1049. If Gundrada died at 35 on vj kal. Junii 1085, 
then she was born after 27 May 1049, and before 26 May 1050; 
four months before or eight months after the date of the council 
The remarkability of this coincidence lies mainly in its evasiveness. 
"This would make Gundreda the eldest child, and all matters tend 
to prove this." Indeed it may be conceded, out of hand, that such 

s Gundreda^ Countess of Warenne ; a Parting Word about her, Stissex Archao^ 
logical Collections^ xxxviii, p. 166. 



310 THE YORKSfflRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

assertion, such logic, and such figuring would make her practically 
anything required by the exigencies of the hypothesis, and any 
irrelevant remarks would serve to prove it Unfortunately a great 
deal too much is proved already, for Sir George clearly forgets that 
he has just * proved ' that Robert also was bom before October 1049. 
But it is still open to him to assure us that they were twins. Plainly 
that was why Gundrada needed a foster-mother. AVhy not, indeed? 
The thing is self-evident. 

In attributing the expression "soror Gherbodi" to Vitalis as that 
writer's own euphemism, and his expedient for escaping an alleged 
difficulty, when " he did not wish to say who she was," no allusion 
is made to the statement in the Hyde Book® which is so curiously 
parallel in sense. After speaking of the fall of Odo earl of Kent, 
the authority continues, "quo tempore Comes Cistrensis decessit 
Gherbodo frater Gondradae comitissae, Flandriamque veniens inimi- 
corum praeventus insidiis miserabiliter periit." That could hardly be 
the shuffling of Vitalis, but it is entirely confirmatory of his language, 
and if this chronicler also thought it better "not to say who she 
was," then these judicious ones both happened on the same 
equivoque, which goes to shew that this fosterage was, for a trifling 
matter, quite astonishingly notorious. This government publication 
was printed in 1866, and can scarcely have escaped Sir George's 
attention for the past 35 years. If he was unaware of this corrobor- 
ation of Vitalis, touching as it does so closely his special subject, 
that is not creditable to his acumen. If he affects to disregard it 
he should shew cause for ignoring it, in order to obviate any 
impression that there is a lack of candour in his presentation of this 
problem. 

Instead of any attempt to deal with this point, however, a number 
of obiter dicta are offered, which would be very convincing if they 
had better foundation. "She was nothing more than his foster- 
sister." Sir George is probably alone in that opinion. "It was 
necessary for Vitalis to say something about the wife of so important 
a person as William de Warenne." It is a sad pity that this necessity 
did not impress itself more constantly upon Vitalis, for he tells us 
nothing about the wives of many men more important. It is 
tolerably plain that he was but hazy as to the names and sequence 
of the Conqueror's "other" daughters. He mentions them several 
times, with variations in both particulars. If he knew more than he 
tells us, regret it as we may, his reserve is not in itself a sufficient 
reason for rejecting what he does say, m)r for charging this singularly 

^ Rerum Brit, Med. Aevi Script., Liber Alonasttrii de Hyda, p. 296, " Rolls Series.* 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 311 

honest and plain-speaking and accurate writer with perfectly needless 
equivocations, or with ignorance and error. This trick of assuming 
Vitalis to be wrong, as the shortest way out of every obscurity, seems 
to be largely due to the initiative of a Mr Thomas Forester who, in 
a sort, translated the French Historical Society's " Vitalis " for Bohn ; 
and in his notes freely corrected *our author,' being pretty con- 
stantly in the wrong himself. 

The foregoing pronouncements are a mere trifle to what follows. 

" In that superstitious age the monk of Ouche knew too well 

the danger to be incurred by infringing the decree pronounced on 
Duke William's marriage, after it had been rendered null and void." 
Here is a riddle. Without stopping to see whether it is the decree 
or the marriage which was voided, it is clear that the monk was 
avoiding danger. That may be so. Because it was a superstitious 
age. Ex hypothtsi he was exercising sound judgment, which does 
not really convict him of superstition. But the danger was to be 
incurred by * infringing' the decree. Surely he was safe there, for he 
was infringing no decree, and the parties who could have infringed, 
and in all probability had ignored, the decree, were many years dead 
when he wrote. It may be conceived that there was much danger in 
criticising too freely the short-comings of the parents of the reigning 
king and duke, Henry I. To recognise as much cannot be called 
superstitious dread of incurring the penalties of the Church. It is 
presumptuous to call such dread superstitious in that age, and it is 
an insult to the faith of many so to call it in this age. To 
propound, with all this confusion of ideas, that "the monk of Ouche" 
had a certain knowledge of what he was about as to the power 
temporal, is not to brand him with any slavish fear of the power 
spiritual But let it go. Then why, further, the power spiritual 
should be sup[>osed to find it a grievance that he should disclose 
the truth as to the lawful exercise of that power over half-a-century 
before, is a question too obscure for the space now available. 

These tangled phrases in a measure mask the poverty of the 
argument First Vitalis' knowledge is alleged, and his reluctance to 
employ plain language is emphasised, in order to seize upon the 
words he is accused of using evasively, for the express purpose 
of taking those words literally, and then in the most far-fetched 
sense imaginable, regardless of the fact that he is not, as has been 
shewn, unconfirmed. Any one who will be at the trouble of reading 



312 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

him may see that he is cautious in statement, and transparently 
honest, and sufficiently out-spoken. The fair inference is that when 
he makes a precise statement, that is what he believed to be the 
fact. When he is found to be plainly and literally supported else- 
where, the only reasonable conclusion seems to be that, what he 
believed to be the fact was indeed the actual truth. 

William de Warenne is tarred with the same brush. "Precisely 
the same inference may be drawn from the words of William de 
Warenne himself, * the mother of my wife,' for it must be remembered 
that any stronger assertion would in that age have run counter to 
the decree of the Church, and no one wOuld have dared to encounter 
the risk of saying more or less on its decrees." The doctrine is 
perplexing. Why should he not say less, or nothing? Why is he 
supposed to be forbidden to call the king father of Gundrada? 
It was or was not the fact. To make a. statement, true or false, 
strong or feeble, about a decree of the Church is not to "run 
counter to" it; moreover the statement would not have been 
about the decree, but about an alleged victim of that decree. And 
"the whole difficulty" has arisen by failing to make this hetero- 
geneous collection of imperfectly intelligible observations. In fine 
the proposition amounts to this, that Vitalis and de Warenne, and 
indeed "people of that age" at large, treated with a fetish dread, 
transcending the most fantastic taboo, the subject-matter of this, 
and presumably of every other, ecclesiastical judgment. Here is a 
flood of light upon the Middle Ages. 

Next comes Anselm's letter. That has been discussed elsewhere,' 
and the points arising out of the letter itself need not be repeated. 
Again wild assertions come thick as flies in summer. "Gundreda 
had no existence in fact in this prohibitory warning of St. Anselm's." 
In a sense that is true enough, for she was eight years dead when 
Anselm became archbishop. But then, save the king to whom the 
letter was addressed, every other person in the descent was likewise 
dead, whence it appears that if the remark means anything it means 
that Gundrada never had existed, ecclesiastically speaking. Nor 
Robert, consequently, for they were hypothetically banned together. 
That, however, cannot have been so, since Pope Calixtus II, at Gisors 
in November 1119, interposed on behalf of this ecclesiaistically non- 
existent Robert. In the same strain, passing some repetition, " it 
was not until 1053 that the decree was rescinded." Those who take 
this as a question of serious genealogy and sober fact, rather than 
as a personal matter, will be glad indeed to hear what was done in 

'^ Archaologiial Journal y June, 1899. 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 813 

1053; ^r tl^at the interdict was removed at any time prior to 1059, 
for nobody knows as yet what did happen about the year 1053 ; 
the general presumption being that Gherbod the 'advocate' then 
died, leaving Matilda a widow, and even so possibly the subject of 
certain canonical disabilities. To say with any assurance, in the 
present state of our information, that the "decree" of 1049 was 
rescinded in 1053, is to lay oneself open to the imputation of 
inventing the evidence required. Some people think that something 
of the kind did take place then. The late Mr Stapleton held this 
opinion. 

There is no limit to a fertile fancy. At the time of Anselm's 
letter, namely in the period 1100-1109, its extreme limits of date, 
the great archbishop was influenced, in some way unstated, by the 
hatred which Henry I must have borne against his sister Gundrada, 
then dead the last 15 or 24 years. This was very creditable to St. 
Anselm, or most unworthy of him, "animated as he was by the 
strongest possible motive," whatever that may signify. But what is to 
be thought of Henry's motives? Here they are. "We have no 
direct proof of this feeling " of hatred against Gundrada, " but it is 

more than probable, knowing as we do the barbarous manner 

in which he treated his brother Robert, after taking him prisoner at 
the battle of Tinchebrai." At first sight the induction may not be 
quite plain. The battle was in 7 Henry I, 1 106, when Gundrada 
was 21 years dead. Because he treated with the barbarity and 
callousness common in that period, a rival whom the event of war 
had placed within his power, therefore we may assume that he 
cherished a burning hatred against an alleged sister who had been 
dead for a couple of decades. Plausible as this is, one does not 
clearly see where Anselm found his diplomatic advantage in this, the 
king's, unhappy frame of mind. However "the reader will observe 
that we thus prove our case." Thus proved it is permissible to 
suggest that there is some necessity for proving the case de novo; 
alternatively that if no better arguments can be found the case will 
never be proved. 

Once more M. Delisle, with his name misspelt, is brought forward 
as being impressed with the foster-sister idea. This has been con- 
sidered elsewhere.' Then attention is called to the position of the 
signatures in the de Warennes' foundation charter. It is stated that 
" the signatories on the Royal side are all placed by themselves," on 
the right-hand side. "All other signatories, not of the Royal Family, 
sign their names apart, on the left-hand side." William de Warenne, 
who was not Royal, is however on the right, so we must seek a better 

® ante. 



314 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

reason. On the right we find the king, granting the confirmation 
here signed, the queen, and their son William, who, heir apparent 
or not, did succeed to the crown on their demise; together with 
William and Gundrada, grantors of the charter so confirmed by the 
king and next heir ; that is to say, curiously enough, principals to the 
right, witnesses to the left, just as we sign to-day. We are told that 
this subtle arrangement "should not escape notice"; but it is on 
the whole better to overlook the manifest than to behold the 
invisible. 

Last of all comes the " evidence sufficient to settle the question." 
It amounts to this, that early in the seventeenth century Sir Richard 
St. George, in his own handwriting, copied the Walton charter 
into a book now preserved in the Bodleian Library; and in this 
copy took, without comment, the words "filie mee." It is really 
something to prove that these words were there in his day, for they 
might be more recent. His copy shews that he did find them 
there, but it is not shewn that he doubted they should be there. 
Possibly he had no doubts on the point, but the critical remarks of 
some readers cannot be confuted by indicating one reader, nor an 
infinity of readers, who failed to observe what others do observe. A 
high opinion of Norroy's learning as an antiquary is proclaimed, but 
the suggestion is that he was a critical and an accomplished 
palaeographer. If that was so then he did not do himself justice 
on this occasion, or rather the indiscretion of his encomiast does 
him no justice. A man may copy a charter into a book, presumably 
for his own use, and yet not be held to pledge his reputation that 
he has the text verbatim et literatim^ and further that he has made 
every conceivable criticism that can ever be made upon the originaL 
It is really painful to be under the necessity of discussing such 
grotesque fatuities. No attempt is made to shew that St. George 
vouched in any way for his transcript, it does not itself profess to 
be * examined,' nor does it quote any source of origin ; and internal 
evidence justifies the opinion that so far from endeavouring to weigh 
the value of what was highly questionable, no extraordinary effort was 
made to obtain accuracy in what was unquestionable. 

First as to St. George's charter. Sir George Duckett prints his 
own copy of this copy, and a wonderful piece of printing it is.' 
Compared with the Bodleian MS. it is found to contain misprints 
literally by the dozen, and as it stands it is neither Latin nor sense. 
Norroy cannot be held answerable for that. Comparing his Bodleian 
transcript with the original charter, however, he is found to have his 

"Supplementary," p. [i] ; at end of some only of the "short copies" of the 

paper under discussion. 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 315 

own vagaries. In one instance he changes a direct to a participial 
construction, and drops a phrase, "ad illam mansionem," which had 
become unnecessary with his altered construction. He makes Matilda 
in the genitive Matilde, not Matildis. For " mea ipsius anima," he 
writes "anima mei ipsius"; and for "tenet," he writes "tenuit." 
He makes "construuo" a deponent verb apparently; for "donatio 
hec firma et inconcussa | perpetuo maneat," he writes "hsec 
Donatio firma remaneat"; and for "signo," he writes "sigillo." 
These little points shew that he took the sense, not the words, of 
the charter; and that if it is truly his own handiwork, then he was 
not a very trustworthy copyist. There is only one really interesting 
point in these variations, namely his reading "mansionem in 
Norfolcia" for Stapleton's "mansionem nos + tram." The words 
in the charter are " mansione* in nor*folc* " — but they are now 
so faint and gall-stained that it would not be easy to read them 
without the help of this copy of St. George's. 

This same "Supplementary" contains a further example of Sir 
George Duckett's amazing carelessness. It is a copy of the Walton 
charter, collated, dated and signed by Mr St. John Hope.*® That 
statement I make with all reserve, for I have no further evidence of 
the fact I do not imagine that Mr Hope is aware of the way in 
which his certificate has been abused. An occasional misprint is bad 
enough, but that is an annoyance which comes at times to the most 
careful. But to put a distinguished name as authorising the accuracy 
of a transcript which positively omits a block of seven words 
(containing, incidentally, the whole subject-matter of the charter) is 
an outrage for which there ought to be a legal remedy. By the 
omission of an " et," still plainly legible, Mr Hope is expressed to 
read that " William de Warenne " was " his wife Gundreda," and in 
addition he has three case-endings which are presumably misprints. 
Saving for certain differences among the signatories, of which 
presently, Mr Hope*s copy corroborates in every way that of Mr 
Stapleton, so far that is to say as in its mangled state it can be 
said to corroborate anything. 

How the wretched words "filie mee" could ever have imposed 
upon anyone; or how this barefaced and naive interpolation could 
ever by anyone have been thought likely to pass for genuine, is in 
this critical age simply past comprehension. If only students would 
look at the charter, instead of taking things for granted, the belief 
that these words, as words, have any right to be there would 
immediately disappear. When the charter was so excessively galled 
these words were untouched, whence it would appear that they were 

10/<^k/., p. [2]. 



316 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

then not there at all, or perfectly legible ; which goes far to lay 
another ghost, the quite baseless assumption that although written 
over (that is to say above) the line aboriginally, by reason of 
their having become faint they were written over (that is to 
say re-written) by a modern hand to preserve their existence. 
This figment I cannot at the moment credit to its inventor. That 
these words are included in the Monasticon of 1830 is most surprising, 
for if St. George found them there at the accession of the Stuarts, 
then manifestly Sir William Dugdale omitted them intentionally in 
his first edition during the Commonwealth. If his judgment therein 
had ever been outweighed by any rational arguments, it would be 
unnecessary to be still refuting preposterous efforts to substantiate 
them. Instead of wasting time in the enquiry how or when they 
were inserted, it would be better to seek some valid grounds for 
doubting that they were among the first crude efforts to prop up 
this Gundrada legend. 

The extent to which the signatures differ, in the three transcripts 
of this Walton charter which are now under discussion, is worth 
a little consideration. The variation in sequence is not a matter 
of any great moment; for any one who has seen the charter 
will agree that, after the * top-line* of names straggling downwards 
to the right hand, the remainder may be taken in almost any 
order. The first name over which there is any notable divergence 
is one Robert. This is the first name on the * dexter side', under 

the *top line.' Mr Stapleton read as his second signatory "S 

Rob + berti (filii Regis.) " To bring this name to that position 
he had to leave the top line and take this signature from just 
below the king's mark, returning to the top line for his third 
signatory, Rufus. Mr St. John Hope, as printed, is expressed to 
concur in that reading, but he takes Rufus second, and puts this 
Robert back to the place where St. George read it to be "S. + 
Rutbarti comitis de medlent." It is more than possible that 
Stapleton, when he bracketted the " filii regis," was not over-sure of 
the reading; St. George, who dropped five signatures bodily, cannot 
be thought extremely accurate ; and Mr Hope has been so mangled 
that he is in no way responsible for anything in or not in that 
singular copy, "collated with the original autograph," which is now 
very obscure at this point. It is impossible to say confidently 
what is written, but it appears that in the * second quarter' of the 
cross the letters are " b'ti co s " which tends rather to support the 
reading "comitis." 



GUNDRADA DE WARENNE. 317 

It is perhaps possible to draw an inference from the position of 
this Robert signature. It does certainly appear to be a manifest 
thing that those of the * top line ' were the first signatories, and if 
that opinion be not ill-founded, then this Robert is in a position 
more suitable to the Count of Meulan than to Count Robert 
Curthose. Another inference which may be diffidently offered arises 
out of the following signature, — 'following' in the sense that Robert 
being on the dexter end of the second line, so far as there is a 
second line this is the second name in it, — and it is plainly " Hain 
+ rici," it is the only signature having nothing by way of surname, 
nor title or words of description to indicate who he was. It was 
not Beauclerc, whose mark follows that of Rufus ; but if it may be 
supposed that Robert really was the Earl of Mellent, then there is 
no great improbability that this next signatory was his brother 
Henry, called de Newburgh, subsequently earl of Warwick. 

One other point may be mentioned in connection with the 
Robert signature. It is certain that the count of Meulan was in 
England during the Conqueror's reign, but it is perhaps open to 
question if Curthose ever came to England at all in his father's life- 
time. This is a digression too wide for the present occasion, and it 
must suffice to assert that there does seem to be a certain amount 
of difficulty in taking, precisely as it stands, the account of the 
chronicle of Abingdon (as reproduced by Mr Freeman, and generally 
accepted, since it is, superficially, also supported by Symeon of 
Durham) narrating Robert's expedition against Malcolm, and the 
foundation of the New Castle upon Tyne, in the year 1080. The 
question how far the events of 1091 have been woven into those of 
1080 might, however, have some bearing upon the intrinsic proba- 
bility, or otherwise, of Count Robert's signature appearing on this 
charter. On the whole it is, perhaps, more likely the Count of 
Meulan's, to which title that Robert succeeded in 1082 ; whence it 
would follow that this Walton charter was done in the three years 
between that time and the completion of Domesday. The signature 
of William bishop of Durham, who was preferred 9 November 1080, 
otherwise fixes the anterior limit of date. 

There remains the signature which Mr Stapleton surmised to be 
("S. Alani + comitis Britannic)." As he is printed, a large reservation, 
Mr Hope passed this over without suggestion, or remark that it was 
illegible. To me it is illegible, but this I take to be the signature 
given by St. George as "S. + Rogeri Bigotti." The only letters 
which can now be read with even a moderate degree of confidence 
are in the 'fourth quarter' of the cross. A perfectly unbiassed 



818 THE YORJCSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

reader, Mr Herbert, of the MSS. department of the British Museum, 
to whom I cordially acknowledge myself much indebted for his 
most careful examination of this charter, considered these letters 
to be, apparently, "nibiicoci." The last seven letters may con- 
ceivably stand for "bigoti," but it would be hard to deny that 
they may stand for some contraction of Britannia — in ignorance 
of what they are conjecture is futile, — and in this latter case the 
Count of Bretagne would be Alan le Roux, usually styled Earl of 
Richmond, and frequently miscalled Alan Fergant Beyond the two 
discrepancies which it is thus attempted plainly to set out, the 
readings of St. George and Stapleton so far correspond as to 
witnesses, that the only remaining difference is the total omission by 
the former of five signatories, namely, William de Warenne, Thomas 
archbishop of York, Osmund, Wauchelin, and Remigius, bishops ; all 
of whom sign in the top line and * precede* the Robert signature. 
They are all legible in varying degrees of clearness, and do not 
appear to offer any grounds for comment. 

It is hardly worth while, in conclusion, to say more of St. George's 
charter. No copy could prove anything about the original where 
that is legible. This copy is so inexact that we can have no great 
confidence in it where the original is now illegible. It does assist 
in reading some parts of that original which .are becoming difficult 
to read. As an attempt to support the authenticity of the *filie mee' 
it is neither more nor less utterly ridiculous than all the other efforts 
in this direction. As an ex-cathedra pronouncement it is in a 
measure sonorous ; to the perfectly uninitiated it may perhaps appear 
to have some meaning; to those who like to have some ground for 
their opinions, and prefer reasons rather than platitudes, it is amusing 
where it does not irritate by its implied contempt for their intelli- 
gence. Of the insertion itself, and the fact it purports to allege, it is 
in the highest degree unlikely that the fatal appearance of fraudulent 
alteration which it bears upon the face of it will ever be explained 
away. It cannot be bluffed away, nor can it be removed by endless 
repetition and irrelevance; any hopeful attempt to get rid of it must 
be on lines differing very widely from those hitherto followed. In 
closing, one more quotation is enough. " We believe our arguments 
in the present paper to be conclusive." In one sense unquestionably 
that is so. They shew, beyond all cavil, that the case they seek to 
set up is utterly desperate, rotten past expression, however great the 
ability with which it may be advocated ; and it is highly doubtful if 
any case was ever more egregiously presented. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY 

By S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A. 



PART I.— FOUNDATION AND ENDOWMENT. 

Robyn dwelled in grene wode, 

Twenty yere and two, 
For all drede of Edwarde our kynge, 

Agayne wolde he not goo. 

Yet he was begyled, I wys, 

Through a wycked woman, 
The pryoresse of Kyrkesley, 

That nye was of his kynne. 

A Lytell Geste of Robin Hode, 

The Cistercian Priory of Kirklees was situated in the township 
of Hartshead-cum-Clifton and parish of Dewsbury in Yorkshire. It 
was one of the lesser monasteries; its principal claim to fame 
being its traditional connection with the celebrated outlaw Robin 
Hood. The priory is said to have been founded by Reiner le 
Fleming in the reign of Henry 11. This Reiner was, so the Rev. 
Joseph Hunter says,* one of the Flemings of Wath-upon-Dearne, 
South Yorkshire, and he appears to have been lord of the manor 
there, which he held of the honour of Skipton. The foundation 
charter of the priory was formerly among the Kirklees Muniments, 
but unfortunately it is now missing. A copy is given in Dugdale's 
Monasticon^ v, 739. By it the founder grants to God and St. Mary, and 
the nuns of Kuthales, the place in which they dwell, Le, Kuthelaga 
and Hednesleya as the water of Kelder (Calder) goes to the old mill, 
and so by the road which leads to the old mill to the rivulet of 
the rocky ,* and so to Blachelana,* and from Blachelana to 



1 Hunter's South Yorkshire^ ii, 65, 
where an account of the £Eimily of Fleming 
and of the descent of the Manor of Watn 
is given. There are many charters of the 
Flemings and a pedigree of the family 
amongst the Kirklees Muniments. 

^ Word here illegible, but in Dods- 
worth's Yorkshire Notes this stream is 
called the river Petrosslanus. Dugdale 
has it petrosif . . . . /annus. 

^ If we assume that Blachelana, or 
Blackelana, is Bleak Low (the name 



of a group of houses still standing 
in the district), and that Wagestan (the 
stone by the way) is the old Cross known 
as Walton Cross, the base of which is still 
to be seen near the road not far from 
Hartshead Church, it is easy to identify 
at the present time the boundaries here 
given. It is possible that Blachelana 
ought to be read Blachelaua, but owing 
to the loss of the original charter this 
cannot now be ascertained. 



320 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Wagestan, and from Wagestan by the boundaries of Liverseg, 
Hertesheuet, and Mirfi^ld, the whole within the boundaries named in 
lands, waters, pastures, meadows, woods and plains. And besides 
these, twelve acres of land to be held of the grantor and his heirs, 
for the souls of his father and his ancestors, for his safety and that 
of his friends. 

This charter is without date, and is confirmed by an undated 
charter (K.M.8) of William Earl Warren, who died in 1240, which is now 
in the possession of Sir George J. Armytage, Bart ,^ of Kirklees Park, 
of which a collotype print is here given, and a copy of which is 
printed in Dugdale*s Monasticon^ v, 739. Both the above-mentioned 
charters state that the founder of the nunnery was a son of William 
Fleming who was, so Hunter says {South Yorkshire^ ii, 65), a son of 
Reginaldus Flandrensis, seneschal of Skipton in the reign of Henry I, 
or in the early part of Stephen's reign. If these statements about 
the ancestors of Reiner le Fleming are correct, then Hunter is 
probably right in fixing the date of the foundation of the nunnery in 
the reign of Henry II. 

The priory of Kirklees appears to have been dedicated to the 
Blessed^ Virgin and St. James. Elizabeth de Staynton is said to have 
been the first prioress, but this is very doubtful. Her tomb, which 
was discovered in the year 1 706, is engraved by Hearne in the second 
volume of Leland's Itinerary^ Appendix, p. 97, and a reproduction is 
here given. The tomb had an inscription, now quite illegible, in old 
French, which, according to Leland, is as follows : — " Douce Jhu de 
Nazareth fites mercy a Elizabeth de Staynton jadis priores de cest 
maison." 

The Rev. Josh. Hunter ia his pamphlet on Robin Hood gives 
the following as the inscription : — " Douce Jhu de Nazareth Fils Dieu 
ayez merci a Elizabeth Stainton priores de cest Maison." He appears 
to have copied it from Thoresby's Ducatus Leodiensis^ P- 9^ (89 in 
Whitaker's edition), and he proceeds to give an account of the 
Stainton family which is of considerable interest, and he seems to be 
of the opinion that Elizabeth Stainton was not the first prioress but 



* I am much indebted to Sir George J. 
Armylage for the privilege of inspecting 
his fine collection of Muniments, and for 
the use of his printed catalogue of the 
collection, which has been of great service 
to me. AH the charters in the collection 
which are mentioned in this paper are 
denoted l)y the letters ** K. M.," i.e, 
(Kirklees Muniments), followed by the 
number in the catalogue: e.g. Earl 
Warren's charter is No. 8 in the catalogue. 



Sir George has also kindly allowed three 
of the early charters to be photographed 
for illustrating this paper, viz. the con- 
firmation of Henry III and Earl Warren 
respectively, and Sir John Fleming's 
grant to the priory of a female serf. 

2 By the statutes all churches of the 
Order were to be founded and dedicated 
in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 
Nomast. Cist.^ 216, 287, 39$. Fowler's 
Cist, Stat., 18. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



321 



that she was prioress about the end of the reign of Edward II 
(between Alice de Screvyn and Margaret de Seyvill), and that she 
may possibly have been the relative of Robin Hood mentioned in 
the ballads. Further particulars of the Stainton family will be found 
in Hunter's South Yorkshire^ i, 255, and in Yorkshire Inquisitions^ 
vol. i, 175, published in the Record Series of the Yorkshire 
Archaeological Society. See also Moore's Leeds Parish Church, p. 36, 
for a mention of the effigy of a knight in chain armour of the 
Stainton family and a reference to Elizabeth Stainton. 

The following is a list of the prioresses so far as they are known : — 



Elizabeth de Staynton 


( 


late unknown. 


Sybil ... 


1240.^ 


Margaret de Claworthe 




1306.2 


Alice de Screvyn ... 




1307-8.* 


Margaret de Seyvill... 




1350-" 


Alice de Mountenay 




1403.' 


Cecilia Hyk 




i486.* 


Joan Stansfeld 




1491.' 


Margaret Tarlton 




1499.^ 


Margaret Fletcher 




1505.' 


Cecilia Topcliflfe 




1527.' 


Joan Kyppes 


surrendered the house 




24 N( 


Dvember, 1539. 



< 



^ In Dodsworth's Yorkshire Notes 
(Yorkshire ArchaologiccU Journal^ vii, 
404) is the following entry: — "Out of 
Gascoigne's Booke of Evidences. A cove- 
nant made a° 1240, between Sibill, the 
prioress, and convent of Kirkleys and 
John, son of Jordan de Heton, concerning 
a mill newly built in the territory of 
Heton." This deed is now in the posses- 
sion of Sir G. J. Armytage (K. M. 30). 
It is really a lease to Sir John Heton of a 
moiety of the mill for ten years, from 2nd 
February, 1 240-1, at a rental of 10 marks, 
and reserving the right of the convent to 
grind at the mill, if they cannot grind at 
the mill at Clifton. 

^ See the records of election and con- 
firmation in a subsequent part of this 
paper. Alice de Screvyn is also men- 
tioned in the Court Rolls of the Manor of 
Wakefield. See also Mr. Paley Baildon*s 
Monastic Notes (vol. 17 of the Record 
Series of this Society, page 106). 
,^ 8 My only authority for this prioress is 
.^ entry in vol. 797, folio 39, of the 



Harleian MSS. (copied from Dodsworth 
MSS.y of which I have not the exact 
reference) stating that Alice de Mountenay 
was prioress at the date of the appropria- 
tion of Mirfield Church. Possibly she 
was a relative of Sir John de Mounteney, 
who was one of the grantors of the 
advowson of Mirfield to Kirklees. 

* John Wolewrowe, by his will dated 
II March, i486, of which a copy is 
given later, bequeathed to Cecilia Hyk, 
prioress of the Monastery of Kirklethes, 

lOJ. 

^ Dugdale's Monasticon, v, 739. See 
also the latter part of this paper for the 
confirmation of loan Stansfeld's and 
Margaret Tarlton s elections and their 
oaths of obedience. 

* Dugdale (v, 739) gives the date of her 
confirmation as prioress 9th July, 1527. 
She was prioress at the date (153S) of the 
grant for the continuance of the house of 
which I give a copy. 






A /■ 



VOL. XVI, 



W 



322 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



Dame Joan Kyppes (the name is also spelt Keps, Kepax, Kepers, 
and Kepast) is said to have retired, after the surrender of the house, 
in company with four nuns, to a house which is still standing 
(divided into cottages, and by some called Paper or Papist Hall), at 
a place called Chapel Well, at the top of Shilbank Lane, in Mirfield. 

Dame Joan Kyppes was buried at Mirfield Church 5th February, 
1 561 2, and her burial is entered in the parish register. The following 
inscription may still be seen in the tower of the old church, cut in 
stone and built into a window : — " Dame Joan Kepast, late nun at 
Kirklees, was buried February 5th, D.A. 1562." This insciiption, 
which appears to be comparatively modern, was formerly in the 
chancel, behind or under the altar in the old church, and was placed 
in its present position for safety when the old church was pulled 
down. Sir George J. Armytage has recently had the tombstones at 
the east end of the site of the church at Kirklees cleaned and photo- 
graphed, and reproductions of these photographs, with photograph 
of the tomb of Elizabeth de Staynton, taken from Leland's Itinerary^ 
ii, 97, Appendix, are here given. The first-mentioned tombstones 
appear to be those of prioresses or nuns of early periods. On one 
is the final syllable, " bone," of the surname of a prioress who has 
been lost sight of. 

After the suppression of the priory the prioress and one nun, 
Joan Leunthorpe or Leventhorpe, each had an aimual pension of 
;^2, and each of the other nuns had J[^\ 135. 4^. per annum.^ No 
seal of the priory has been met with, and there is no register or 
chartulary so far as is known. The following however is a summary 
of charters and other documents relating to the priory : — 

A.D. 1236. {Charter Roll ^ 20 Henry III, Mem. i.) Confirmation 
by the king to the prioress and convent of Kirklees (K. M. 29) of 
all the underwritten gifts, viz., of the gift of Reyner son of William 
Fleming, the place in which they remain, that is, Kyrkeley and 
Hednesley. Of the gift of Reyner Fleming, a culture of the 
aforesaid house of Kyrkeley. Of the gift of Adam son of Peter, 
three bovates of land in Cullingwurthe with the appurtenances, 
and common in Heredene for repairing their buildings, and for their 
fire, and pasture for their beasts of burden (averia) in CuUing- 



^ The following note is from Browne 
Willis's History of Mitred Parliamentary 
AbbieSy ii, 278: — *' Kirkley- Johanna 
Kepax, last prioress, surrendered this 
convent 4th November, 1540 (should be 
24th November, 1539), and had a pension 
of ;f 2 per annum assigned her, which she 
enjoyed anno 1553, in which year there 
remained in charge ;^2 lOf. in annuities 



and these following pensions, viz., to 
Elizabeth Hoptone, Agnes Brooke, Isa- 
bella Rooles (? Roodes), and Isabell 
Sattershall (? Saltonstall), £,\ 135. 4^/. 
each." There were two other pensioners 
at the dissolution, viz. Joan Leunthorpe, 
or Leventhorpe, and Katharine Grice. 
See Letters and Papers ^ Henry VI IT, 
vol. 14, part I, No. 577. 




f •>/*» tmmd \sm imu/ias w i 




rHU. TtlHia Kl '[^WtMB 



II 



I'll 



|i!H 



III! 



mil 



I 



•lii' 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



825 



1395), before Hugh de Arderne, escheator, and a jury, who said that 
it was not to the injury or prejudice of the king or others if the 
king permit John de Mounteney, knight (militi\ John Woderoue, 
John de Amyas, and William de Sandale, chaplain, to grant and 
assign to the prioress and convent of Kyrkelees 50 acres of land 
with the appurtenances in Mirfeld and the advowson of the church 
of the same place, to hold to them and their successors for finding 
a chaplain^ to celebrate for ever divine service daily in the 
Conventual church of Kyrkelees for the soul of Sir John de Burgh^ 
and the souls of his ancestors and of all the faithful dead. And 
(permit) the said prioress and convent to receive the said land and 
advowson and appropriate the said church to their own use for ever. 
Also, they said that the aforesaid land and advowson were held of 



^ The chaplains of Kirklees are men- 
tioned now and ihen in the Wakefield 
Court Rolls : — £.g, at the Court held at 
Rastrick on the Monday l^efore the feast 
of the Assumption, 1275, Reiner, the 
chaplain of Kyrkeleys, complains that he 
had delivered a heifer to Susanna del 
Brighuses for safe keeping, and that she 
had drawn blood from it to the damage of 
2^., and had insulted him, calling him a 
little idle man. Susanna denied the 
charge, and the inquisition came by the 
whole vill of Brighouse, with the result 
that Reiner was in mercy, but his fine was 
forgiven at the instahce of William, the 
official of York. It appears, therefore, 
that there was a cliaplain at Kirklees 
more than a century before the advowson 
of Mirfield, and other property were 
granted to Kirklees for finding a chaplain. 
The chaplains of nuns were sometimes 
women. See Jessop's Visitations of the 
Diocese of Norwich (Camden Society), 
p. 291, and Eckenstein's Woman under 
Monasticism^ pages 376-7. Chaucer's 
Prioress had wiih her a nun " ihat was 
hir chapleyne." See prologue to the 
Canterbury Tales ^ lines 163-4. 

^ In the Yorkshire Archaeological 
Journal, vii, 404, is the following extract 
from the Dodsworth MSS,y which I print 
here for handy reference: — "Out of 
the Coucher of Fountaynes, folio 23, 
A. A. 139^. Ye shall understand that 
what time the last heire of Heton was 
within age, which was the last John 
Heton of all, uncle to Dame Isabel 
Graistocke, that the heir of John Borow 
al' Burgh was within age allso. And it 
so then fortuned that the king at his last 
presentment presented in their nonage the 
kirke of Heton in the name of Heton, 
and contrarywise the kirke of Mirfeild in 



the name of Borow, clean contrary that 
they were, and so the nunnes of Kirklees 
pray for the Borowes and not for the 
Hetons." The real reason for the prayers 
of the nuns appears to have been the jo 
acres of land and the advowson of Mir- 
field mentioned in this Inquisition. The 
following extracts from the Registers of 
the Archbishops of York show the con- 
nection of the Burghs wiih the Church of 
Mirfield: — 

/Register /. Romanus, folio 24. Lady 
Alesia de Lascy, by reason of her custody 
of the heir and lands of Sir Thomas de 
Burgh, presented in July, 1293, John de 
Heton, acolyte, to the custody of the 
sequestrated church of Mirfield. 

Register Cor bridge y folio 1 83. Thomas 
de Burgh presented William de Sothill to 
the custody of the same church in Sep- 
tember, 1303, and he presented William 
Cresacre, acolyte, in May, 1318. See 
Register Melton, folio 1266. 

Register Zouche, folio 17. Queen 
Philippa presented Ralph de Notingham 
in October, 1348, by reason of her having 
the custody of John de Burgh. By a 
fine levied in Michaelmas Term, 1329 
{Feet of Fines, county of York, 3 Edward 
III, No. 92), wherein John de Bur^h was 
plaintiff and William atte Grove, chaplain, 
and William de Hacford were deforciants, 
the manors of Walton and Calthom and 
the advowsons of the churches of Peny- 
ston, Myrefeld, Heton, and Heghholonde 
were settled to the use of the said John 
de Burgh for life, remainder to Thomas 
de Burgh and Margaret his wife, and the 
heirs of iheir bodies, remainder to the 
right heirs of John. 

Therefore it appears that in 1329 the 
advowsons of both Heaton and Mirfield 
belonged to the de Burghs. 



326 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



John, Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, as of his honour of Pontefract, 
by knight service, and the aforesaid duke John held the honour of 
the king in chief by knight service, that the aforesaid 50 acres of 
land were worth per annum 12s. 6^., and that the aforesaid church was 
worth per annum 18 marks. Also that there remained to Sir John 
de Mounteney, John Woderoue and John de Amyas, over and above 
the aforesaid gift divers lands and tenements in Shitelyngtone, 
Wollay, and Shirclif in the county of York, which were held of the 
aforesaid duke by military service, and were worth per annum ^40, 
and that such remaining lands were sufficient for the customs and 
services as well of the said 50 acres and advowson as of the other 
lands, &c., of the grantors and for all other burdens which they bore 
or ought to bear. Also they said that the aforesaid Sir John 
Mounteney, John Woderoue and John de Amyas might be placed on 
assizes, juries, etc., as they had been accustomed before the said 
grant, and that William de Sandale, chaplain over and above the 
aforesaid gift, had not any land or tenements in the county of York. 
Writ (tested by Edmund, duke of York), dated at Scroby, 26 Dec, 
1 8th year (1394). 

Following on the above Inquisition comes a licence in Mortmain 
dated 20th April, 1396 {Patent Roll ^ 19 Richard II, part ii, Mem. 12), 
whereby in consideration of ;^2o which " our beloved in Christ the 
prioress of Kirklees has paid to us in our Hanaper," licence was 
given to Sir John Mounteney, John Woderoue, John de Amyas and 
William de Sandale, chaplain, to grant the above-mentioned 50 acres 
of land in Mirfield and the advowson of the church of the same 
place to the said prioress and convent. To hold to them and their 
successors for finding a chaplain to celebrate divine service daily (as 
in the Inquisition), and the said prioress and convent had licence to 
receive the said land and advowson and to appropriate the church,' 
" saving to us and our heirs and the other chief lords of the fee the 
due and accustomed services." Whitaker {History of Leeds^ ?t^Z) 
says that the grant authorised by the last mentioned licence was 
made and dated at Mirfield on Sunday next after the Feast of St. 



^ A strong opinion appears to have 
existed amongst lawyers that a benefice 
could not be ])roperly appropriated to a 
nunnery for the reason that the spiritual 
duties of the benefice could not be per- 
formed by women. Ayliffe (Parergon 
Juris Catioitici Anglicani^ p. 89) says: — 
"An appropriation can only be made to 
a body ])o!itick, or corporate spiritual, 
that has succession, and thereby that 
ecclesiastical body is made perpetual in- 
cumbent of the benefice appropriated, 
and for ever shall enjoy all the glebe 

and has thcrcwil\\ iVve c\\w^e 

oiihe, souls belonging lo ihe patish vjYitie 



the church appropriated is, upon which 
account it is that an appropriation regu- 
larly ought only to belong to a spiritual 
person, or (at most) to aggregate bodies 
spiritual that consist of priests." On the 
other hand Mallory {Qvare Impedit, page 
2) says: — *'If a dean and chapter, or 
such other corporation, as nuns, etc., had 
been parsons appropriate, they with the 
ordinary might create a vicarage though 
they themselves had not the cure of 
souls." He refers to Grendon*s case 
(PlowdcfCs Reports^ 493) » which contains 
^u elaborate account of the origin and 
caxxst o^ ^.^^\o^T\a.\\Q»\Ns^ ^wd oC the power 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



327 



Michael the Archangel, 1390 (query 1396). I have not seen this 
grant which is, I think, a little doubtful, for there is another licence 
in Mortmain dated at Pontefract Castle 27 June, i Henry IV (1400) 
Duchy of Lancaster Records^ class xi, No. 15 Register of Enrolment 
of Patents, &c., Henry IV, part i, fol. 147, whereby licence to grant 
the same 50 acres of land and advowson to the prioress and convent 
of Kyrkeleghes for finding a chaplain, etc., was given to Sir John 
Mounteney, William de Dransfeld, John de Amyas and John Wath, 
chaplain. In the interval between the two licences the names of 
William de Dransfeld and John Wath appear to have been substituted 
(as trustees) for those of John Woderoue and William de Sandale. 

Whitaker {History of Leeds^ p. 364) gives a mutilated extract from 
the Pope's Bull (Boniface IX), appropriating the church of Mirfield to 
Kirklees. This extract has no date and Dr. Whitaker does not state 
whence he obtained his copy. 

On the 4th August, 1403 (4 Henry IV), Richard Scroope, Arch- 
bishop of York, ordained a perpetual vicarage in the said church, 
presentable by the said prioress and convent, who were to have all 
the tithes of sheaves and hay, and the entire tithe of fallen wood, 
together with the whole dwelling-house (mansum) of the rectory. And 
the vicar should have his vicarage consist in oblations, profits, small 
tithes {decimis minutis\ in the altarage and personal tithes whatsoever, 
and in all and singular other the obventions and profits belonging 
to the church except the tithes of sheaves, hay and fallen wood. 
Moreover the said prioress and convent should provide at their own 
cost for the first time, a dwelling-house (mansum) for the vicar and 
his successors. And the said prioress and convent should bear all 
burdens, ordinary and extraordinary (synodals excepted), incumbent on 
tlie said church, the vicar only paying 65. %d. to the dismes, when 
granted to the king out of the spiritual goods of ecclesiastical persons. 
The ordination is dated " in castro nostro de Cawode,^^ and in it we 
find the various spellings ' of Kirkeleghes, Kyrkelyghes and Kyrke- 



formerly exercised by the Popes in such 
matters, and says in a note: — **In this 
case of Grendon's, Dyer says it was a 
thing abominable that a benefice with 
cure might be appropriated to a nunnery ; 
and llobart, in the. case of Colt and 
Glover, 148, says it was against the law 
of the realm." In this case of Colt and 
Glover v. the Bishop of Coventry and 
Lichfield (HobarCs Reports^ 140-165), 
Lord Chief Justice Hobart goes on to say 
(p. 149) that '* these enormities," i.e. 
appropriationSjCtc, were due to the power 
of the Popes ; '* for what ordinary or 
ecclesiastical judge durst question his act 
who could not err?" See also Mallory's 
Quare Impedit^ p. 43, and Godolphin's 



Reperiorium Canonicuvt^ pp. 220-9, and 
particularly p. 225, where an opinion 
against appropriation to nuns is given. 
Further information on the subject of 
appropriations and of the ordinations of 
vicarages may be found in Bishop Ken- 
nett*s Parochial Antiquities and in his 
Case of Impropriations and of the Aug- 
mentation of Vicarages. See also Bishop 
Gibson's Codex furis Ecclesiastici Angli- 
cani, i, 718, et seq. In Madox's Formu- 
tare Anglicanum^ p. 317, is a copy of an 
appropriation by the Bishop of Hereford, 
dated 21st January, 1320, of the church 
of VVolfrelowe to the prioress and convent 
of Acomebury. 



328 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

leyghes. It is entered twice in Archbishop Scroop^s Register^ viz., on 
folios 7 and 38^. 

The only other grant of land to Kirklees with which I am 
acquainted is that of Robert de Stapleton (127 1-9), who gave to the 
nuns of Kirkleys eight acres of land in Saddleworth* {Yorkshire 
Archaeological Journal^ viii, 16"). In the same Journal (vi, 77), Sir 
George J. Armytage gives the following extract from the Dodsworth 
MSS.* viz.— Sir W"* Scot of Great Halgton, knt, dyed 8 Hen. 4, 
bequeathed to the fabriqz and mayntenance of the church of nonnes 
of Kirkleys 10 marks, and to the nonnes and sisters of the said 
House of Kirkleys 10 marks. By will dated 12 July, 1402, John 
de Burgh, of Halifax, bequeathed to the House of Kyrkleghs 13J. 4</. 
(Mr. J. W. Clay's privately printed vol. of Halifax WillSy page 3), and 
there are some bequests in the wills of John Walker and John 
VVolewrowe, of which copies are printed at the end of this paper. 
I know of no other gifts or bequests to the priory, which seems in 
no way to have increased in wealth or power from the time of its 
appropriation of Mirfield Church to its dissolution in 1539. Whether 
this stagnation was the result of misconduct, or whether there was 
some other cause, it is impossible to ascertain. The extracts from 
the Archbishops' Registers at York, which I am enabled to print by 
the kind help of our indefatigable Honorary Secretary, Mr. William 
Brown, show that at the beginning of the fourteenth century the 
conduct of the nuns was very bad and brought upon them the 
censure of the archbishops, but notwithstanding their misconduct 
large gifts were made to the priory towards the end of the century, 
and therefore some other cause than misconduct must probably be 
looked for. Leaving the extracts from the York Registers for a later 
part of this paper, there is nothing more to record until we come to 
the troublous times of Henry VIII. Kirklees being one of the lesser 
monasteries came within the scope of the Act for their suppression, 
which is recited in the grant for the continuance of the priory, of 
which I give a copy. This grant and the surrender which shortly 
followed are referred to in Burnet's History of the Reformation 
(Clarendon Press, 1865), vol. iv, pages 231 and 256, but for several 
years they could not be found. Eventually, however, Mr. J. A. C. 
Vincent, to whom I am much indebted for the great trouble which 
he took in the search, and for many other kind services, found the 
two documents inrolled and supplied me with coi^ies, which I print 
in full, because such documents are not very common. 

* Whitaker says in his History of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and St. James 

VVhcf.lley^ ^\}[i edition, ii, 437, note 3: — of Kirkeleys, Sacres, etc.,in Sadelworlhe, 

"There is in the possession of R. II. housebote, haybote, etc. , reserving to the 

Beaumont, Esq., of Whitley, a charter by grantor and his heirs 'feris foreslae meae 

which Robert de Stapleton grants to God, et omnibus aliis dignitatibus forestae.' ** 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 329 



PART II.— DISSOLUTION. 



GRANT FOR THE CONTINUANCE OF KIRKLEES NUNNERY 

AS HERETOFORE. 

Patent Roll, 30 Henry VIII, pt. i, m. 16 (22.) a.d. 1538. 

Rex omnibus ad quos, etc., salutem. Cum per quendam actum in De conces- 
parliamento nostro apud London' tercio die Novembris anno regni isse de 
nostri vicesimo primo inchoato et deinde usque Westmonasterium '^y^'^'^y^- 
adjornato et per diversas prorogaciones usque ad et in quartum diem 
Februarii anno regni nostri vicesimo septimo continuato et tunc ibidem 
tento inter alia inactitata existit quod nos habercmus et gauderemus 
nobis et heredibus nostris imperpetuum omnia et singula monasteria After 

. I'j !•• V • -'I* recitine the 

pnoratus ac alias domus religiosas monachorum canonicorum et monialium statute for 
quibuscumque generibus sive diversitate habituum regularium sive ^jj^j^ ^"p^**^* 
ordinum vocarentur sive nominarentur que non habebant terras tenementa ^^^^^ 
redditus decimas porciones et alia hereditamenta ultra clarum annuum 
valorem ducentarum librarum dictum annualem clarum valorem c^ictorum 
monasteriorum ac prioratuum capiendum ac construendum secundum 
clarum valorem in scaccario nostro certificatum. Et simili modo quod 
haberemus et gauderemus nobis et heredibus nostris omnes et omnimodos 
scitus et circuitos earundem religiosarum domorum ac omnia et singula 
maneria grangias mesuagia terras tenementa rever^iones redditus servicia 
decimas penciones porciones advocaciones patronatus ecclesiarum capel- 
larum annuitates iura intracciones {st'c) condiciones et alia hereditamenta 
quecumque eisdem monasteriis prioratibus sive domibus religiosis non 
habentibus ut predicitur terras tenementa vel hereditamenta ultra predic- 
tum annuum valorem ducentarum librarum pertinentia sive spectantia adeo 
plene et integre prout abbates priores abbatisse ac alii gubematores 
huiusmodi monasteriorum prioratuum et aliarum religiosarum domorum 
adtunc ilia habuerunt aut habere debuerunt in jure domorum suarum 
HABENDA et tenenda omnia et singula premissa cum omnibus suis 
iuribus proficuis iurisdiccionibus et commoditatibus nobis heredibus et 
successoribus nostris imperpetuum ad inde faciendum et utendum nostras 
proprias voluntates Cumque tamen in actu predicto provideatur quod nos 
aliquo et quocumque tempore post confeccionem actus illius valeamus 
et potuissemus ad beneplacitum nostrum ordinare constituere et declarare 
per litteras nostras patentes sub magno sigillo nostro conficiendas quod 
ille et tales huiusmodi predictanim domorum religiosarum quas suppri- 
mendas et dissolvendas esse noluissemus essent perseverarent starent 
continuarent et permanerent in eisdem suis corporibus corporatis ac in 
eisdem suis essencialibus statu qualitate condicione robore et effectu tarn 
in possessionibus quam aliter prout essent et fuissent ante confeccionem 
actus predicti absque suppressione sive dissolucione earundem aut 
alicuius partis inde pretextu et auctoritate eiusdem actus et quod quelibet 
talis huiusmodi ordinacio et declaracio per nos sic fienda et ordinanda 



330 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

esset bona secura et efifectualis capitalibus gubematoribus huiusmodi 

religiosarum domorum quas supprimendas et dissolvendas esse noluissemus 

et successoribus suis iuxta et secundum tenores et effectus litterarum 

patentium inde conficiendarum aliqua re sive aliquibus rebus in actu 

predicto incontrarium inde factis non obstante prout in actu predicto 

And that inter alia plenius continetur. Pretextu cuius quidem actus domus sive 

Slid "^Statute prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys Eboracensis diocesis in comitatu 

the bt^ed nostro Eboracensi pro eo quod non habet terras tenementa redditus 

KyrJicj^, decimas porciones aut hereditamenta ultra dictum clarum annuum 

clear^annual valorem ducentarum librarum prout certificatur in dicto Scaccario nostro 

income of ^t ibidem plene liquet in manibus et disposicione nostris iam existit 

/,200, IS in r ~i r 

the king's utrum dissolvcretur secundum formam et effectum actus predicti an 

hands, to be 

dissolved or permaneret et continuaret in suo pristino et essenciali statu condicione 

not at his . • • xt t 

pleasure. et qualitate prout ante confeccionem actus predicti fuit. Nos volentes 

dictam domum sive prioratum beate Marie de Kyrleys {sic) predicta pro 

diversis causis et consideracionibus nos ad presens specialiter moventibus 

in suo pristino essenciali statu corpore condicione et qualitate permanere 

et continuare prout ante confeccionem actus predicti fuit ac prout esset 

si actus ille factus non fuisset Sciatis igitur quod nos ob favorem quern 

Hy reason erga domum sive prioratum de Kirkleys predicta qui non extendit in 

favour borne tems tenementis et aliis hereditamentis suis ad annuum valorem 

to the^hoiSe ducentarum librarum in comitatu predicto ordinis Cisterciensis Ebor- 

and^for t£ acensis diocesis gerimus et habemus. Et ut priorissa et religiose 

of'd^I?ne°" persone eiusdem prioratus divino cultu ibidem celebrando devocius 

worship and intendant hospitalitatemque ac alia pietatis opera ibidem uberius 

the practice r- i r sr 

of hospital- exerceant de gratia nostra speciali ac ex certa scientia et mero motu 

ity, the King ° '^ ' 

declares nostris ordinavimus constituimus et declaravimus ac per presentes 

that the 

house of quantum in nobis est constituimus ordinamus declaramus erigimus et 

shall rcnovamus quod predicta domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys 

ever in the predicta impcrpctuum continuabit stabit et permanebit in eodem suo 

corJx>rate,^ corporc corporato ac in eodem suo essenciali statu gradu qualitate et 

condiifon as ^ondicione tam in possessionibus quam in omnibus aliis rebus tam 

stSiue!^^ spiritualibus quam temporalibus et mixtis prout fuit tempore confeccionis 

actus predicti aut aliquo tempore ante confeccionem actus predicti 

absque suppressione sive dissolucione aliquali eiusdem domus sive 

prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta aut alicuius partis vel 

parcellc inde vigore et auctoritate actus predicti. Et ulterius de uberiori 

gratia nostra speciali concessimus ac per presentes concedimus quod 

C«:ciiia Cecilia Topclyff profcssa ordinis Cisterciensis sit deinceps priorissa dicti 

be prioress, (j/c) domus sivc prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicto (sic) ac pro 

priorissa et capitali gubematrice eiusdem domus sive prioratus beate 

Marie de Kirklrys predicta deiuceps habeatur reputetur ac acceptetur 

eisdem modo forma qualitate gradu condicione dignitate statu et robore 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 331 

prout dicta Cecilia 7quarto die Febraarii dicto anno regni nostri vicesimo 
septimo aut antea fuit. Et quod omnes alie religiose persone eiusdem 
domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta modo existentes The religious 
aut que quarto die Februarii dicto anno vicesimo septimo ibidem fuerunt who were 
et iam a dicto conventu non separantur sint decetero et deinceps {he"foSrth°'* 
conventus eiusdem domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys February 
predicta ac pro conventu eiusdem domus sive prioratus beate Marie de seventh 
Kyrkleys predicta deinceps habeantur reputentur ac acceptentur eisdem l^i^^'^ reign 
modo et forma qualitate condicione et statu prout dicto quarto die [{j"co1iV"t 
Februarii dicto anno reg-ni nostri vicesimo septimo aut antca fuerunt. ^nd had 
Et quod predicta Cecilia et religiose persone predicte et omnes successores from it to 
sui habeant et habebunt huiusmodi et eandem successionem in omnibus convent, 
et per omnia prout ante dictum quartum diem Februarii dicto anno 
vicesimo septimo habuerunt et habere debuerunt ac prout habuissent et 
habere debuissent voluissent et potuissent si actus predictus factus non 
fuisset. Et quod predicta Cecilia per nomen priorisse dicte domus sive 
prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta et successores sui priorisse The prioress 
dicte domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta sint ^nd^ iS!*'^^ 
deinceps persone habiles implacitare et implacitari in omnibus placitis »mpi«atied, 
sectis querelis accionibus peticionibus tam realibus quam personalibus 
et mixtis et aliis quibuscumque in quibuscumque curiis et locis ac coram 
quibuscumque judicibus sive justiciariis tam spiritualibus quam tempor- 
alibus licet tangat nos et heredes nostros et ad facienda exercenda et 
exequenda omnia et singula alia quecumque ut priorissa dicte domus 
sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrleys {stc) predicta prout fccissent et 
facere potuissent ante confeccionem actus predicti ac prout fecissent et 
facere potuissent si idem actus minime factus et editus fuisset. Et 
quod predicta Cecilia et religiose persone predicte ut priorissa et The prioress 
conventus domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta et ^^y have*^"' 
successores sui priorisse et conventus domus sive prioratus illius habeant ^P° *nJ*>y 

*^ ^ the priory 

gaudeant et valeant imperpetuum totam predictam domum sive prioratum and all its 
beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta necnon ecclesiam campanalia scitum ^^^^^ ^' 
cimiterium fundum ambitum precinctum et circuitum ecclesie eiusdem 
ac omnia et singula maneria mesuagia terras tenementa redditus 
reverciones servicia possessiones perpetuitates et hereditamcnta nostra 
quecumque necnon commoditates ornamenta iocalia bona et catalla ac 
alias res quecumque tam spiritualia quam temporalia eidem domui sive 
prioratui quovismodo spectantia sive pertinentia eisdem modo et forma 
prout haberent gauderent et tenerent aut habere gaudere et tenere potuis- 
sent et valerent si actus predictus factus et editus non fuisset. Et pro 
maiore securitate de et in premissis prefato {sic) priorisse et conventui 
domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta et success- 
oribus suis adhibenda Sciatis insuper quod nos de uberiori gratia nostra Grant to the 
speciali dedimus et concessimus ac per presentes damns et concedimus Convent o" 
prefate prioresse dicte domus sive prioratus beate Marie de Kyrkleys anj^aiTks 
predicta et conventui eiusdem loci et successoribus suis totam dictam property, 
domum sive prioratum beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta necnon totum 
scitum fundum ambitum precinctum et circuitum ecclesiam campanalia 



332 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

et cimiterium eiusdem domus sive prioratus beate Marie dc Kyrkleys 
predicta ac omnia et singula maneria mesuagia terras tenementa boscos 
subboscos redditus reverciones servicia feoda militum wardas maritagia 
relevia escaeta parcos warenna stagna vivaria piscarias communas 
rectorias vicarias advocaciones et patronatus ecclesiarum capellarum et 
cantariarum terras glebas penciones porciones decimas oblaciones curias 
letas visus franci plegii libertates iurisdicciones franchesias et alia iura 
possessiones et hereditamenta quecumque ac omnia bona et catalla 
campanas iocalia ornamenta et alia quecumque eidem domui sive 
prioratui beate Marie de Kyrkleys predicta spectantia sive pertinentia, 
et que predicta priorissa et conventus quarto die Februarii dicto anno 
vicesimo septimo aut antea vel postea in iure domus sive prioratus illius 
habuerunt tenuerunt vel gavisi fuerunt. Et que ad manus nostras ratione 
et pretextu actus predicti devenerunt et devenire debuerunt adeo plene 
et integre ac in tam amplis modo et forma prout dicta priorissa et 
conventus dicto quarto die Februarii dicto anno vicesimo septimo et 
ante faccionem actus predicti in iure domus sive prioratus predicte ilia 
habuerunt tenuerunt vel gavisi fuerunt et adeo plene et integre ac in 
tam amplis modo et forma prout ilia ratione pretextu vigore et 
auctoritate actus predicti ad manus nostras devenerunt et devenire 
debuerunt aut in manibus nostris iam existunt vel existere deberent 
To hold the Habendam tenendum et gaudendam predictam domum sive prioratum 
premKe"to ^catc Marie de Kyrkleys predicta ac omnia et singula cetera premissa 
the prioress ^jm suis iuribus pcrtinentiis et commoditatibus universis prefate Cecilie 

and convent ... . . . . 

in pure and priorisse dictc domus sivc prioratus illius et conventui eiusdem loci 

perpetual ., . . . ^ ... 

alms for ac succcssonbus suis m puram et perpetuam elimosmam imperpetuum 
ou"lieir*s'^ "^ ^^ nobis hcrcdibus et successoribus nostris ut de fundacione nostra 
and succes- ^t non aliter. Solvendo et faciendo capitalibus dominis terrarum et 

sors as of 

our founda- tencmentorum predictorum et ceterorum premissorum et cuiuslibet inde 
otherwise.''^ parcellc Tcdditus et servicia inde els et eorum cuilibet debita et de 
iure consucta. Proviso semper et prefata priorissa et conventus unanimi 
consensu pro se et successoribus suis per presentes concedunt nobis 
Hut the et heredibus nostris quod predicta priorissa et conventus et successores 
convent a^c ^^^ imperpetuum solvant aut solvi facient nobis heredibus et successoribus 
to pay to nostris omnes decimas ac primos fructus quocienscumque evenire con- 

ihe king and . . ^ ^ ^ 

his heirs all tlgcrint eisdem modo et forma prout dicta domus sive prioratus suppressus 
first fruits, dissolutus sivc datus nobis per actum predictum non fuisset ac secundum 
vim formam et efifectum cuiusdam actus parliamenti pro dccimis et 
primis fructibus editi et provisi. Et dicta priorissa et conventus 
.And to keep concedunt per presentes quod ipse ct successores sui imperpetuum 
all ruits*!'^^ bene et fideliter custodiant ct observabunt omnes et omnimodi regulas 
&c^'"ouchm ordinaciones constituciones ct statuta per nos ut supremum caput 
the good An^licane ecclesie sive miiiistros nostros et successores nostros bonum 

rule of the •-...i ••• •i 

house made regimen dicte domus sive prioratus ac rcligiosarum personarum eiusdem 
suprrme ^ domus sive prioratus concerncntia sive tangentia imposterum providenda 
K*^^lr"h ^^*^ assignanda et appunctuanda. Et ulterius volumus et concedimus has 
Church or littcras nostras patentcs in forma predicta sub magno sigillo nostro 
Ministers, conficiendas absque fine seu feodo magno vel parvo in hanaperio 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 833 

Cancellarie nostre pro premissis seu aliquo premissorum ad opus 
nostrum aliqualiter solvendo seu faciendo eo quod expressa mencio, etc. 
In cuius rei, etc. Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium xiij die Maii, 
per ipsum Regem, etc.^ 

SURRENDER TO THE KING OF THE PRIORY OF KIRKLEES. 

Close Roll (421), 31 Henry VIII, pt. 4, No. 2*], a.d. 1539. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Nos De scripto 
Johanna K)^pes priorissa monasterii sive prioratus beate Marie et ^"rk^^*^.* 
sancti Jacobi de Kyrkeleys in comitatu Ebor et eiusdem loci con- ^^^^f 
ventus salutem in domino sempitemam Noveritis nos prefatam priorissam kyrkeleys 
et conventum unanimi assensu et concensu nostris animis deliberatis convent of 
certa scientia et mero motu nostris ex quibusdam causis iustis et JlJac?"^* 
rationabilibus nos animas et consciencias nostras specialiter moventibus 
ultro et sponte dedisse et concessisse ac per presentes damns con- 
cedimus reddimus deliberamus et confirmamus illustrissimo et invictissimo 
principi et domino nostro Henrico octavo Dei gratia Anglie et Francie 
regi fidei defensori domino Hibernie ac in terris supremo capiti ecclesie surrender 1 
Anglicane totum dictum monasterium nostrum, acetiam totum situmJhejiJf 
fundum circuitum et precinctum ac ecclesiam eiusdem monasterii cum monastery 

^ , and Its 

omnibus debitis catallis et bonis nostris mobilibus nobis seu dicto possessions 
monasterio nostro spectantibus sive pertinentibus tam ea que in presenti 
possidemus quam ea que obligacione vel alia quacumque de causa 
nobis vel dicto monasterio nostro quoquo modo debentur Necnon 
omnia et singula maneria dominia mesuagia gardina curtilagia tofta 
terras et tenementa nostra prata pascuas pasturas boscos et subboscos 
redditus reversiones servicia molendina passagia feoda militum wardas 
maritagia nativos villanos cum eorum sequelis communas libertates 
franchesias privilegia iurisdicciones officia curias letas hundreda visus 
franci plegii ferias mercata parcos warrenna vivaria aquas piscarias vias 
chimina wharffos vacua funda advocaciones nominaciones presentaciones 
et donaciones ecclesiarum vicariarum capellarum cantariarum hospitalium 
et aliorum ecclesiasticorum beneficiorum quoruncumque rectorias vicarias 
cantarias pensiones porciones annuitates decimas oblaciones et alia 
omnia et singula emolumenta proficua possessiones hereditamenta et iura 
nostra quecumque tam infra dictum comitatum Eboracensem et in 
comitatu Lancaster quam alibi infra regnum Anglie Wallie et marchias 
earundem eidem monasterio nostro predicto quoquo modo spectantia 
pertinentia appendentia sive incumbentia ac omnia et omnimoda cartas 
evidencias obligaciones scripta ac munimenta nostra quecumque nobis 
seu dicto monasterio nostro terris vel tenementis nostris aut ceteris 
premissis cum suis pertinentiis seu alicui inde parcelle quoquo modo 
spectantia sive pertinentia Habenda tenenda et gaudenda dictum 

* Mr. J. A C. Vincent, who copied the of Nun Appleton, in terms mutatis 
above grant from the Roll, says that it is mutandis absolutely identical, but under 
followed by a similar ^nt for the prioress date 12 July. 



334 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

monasterium nostrum ac predictum situm fundum circuitum et pre- 
cinctum ac ecclesiam nostram predictam cum omnibus debitis bonis 
et catallis nostris Necnon omnia et singula maneria dominia mesuagia 
terras et tenementa rectorias pensiones ac cetera premissa quecumque 
cum omnibus et singulis suis pertinentiis prefato invictissimo principi 
et regi nostro predicto heredibus successoribus et assignatis suis ad 
In testimony usum eiusdem domini recfis heredum et successorum suonim imperpetuum. 

whereof the _ ... . ,. 

prioress Et nos prelate pnonssa et conventus successoresque nostn dictum 
subscrii«d" monasterium nostrum ac totum situm fundum circuitum precinctum 
withtS** mansionem et ecclesiam predictam ac omnia et singula dominia 
ownJ»nds maneria mesuagia gardina curtilagia tofta prata pascuas pasturas 

and affixed . , . _ _. • . * • 

their boscos et subboscos terras ac tenementa redditus reversiones et servicia 

Givenlh our ^^ cetera omnia et singula premissa cum omnibus suis iuribus et 
Chapter pertinentiis prefato domino nostro veen. heredibus successoribus et 

house, 24 '^ ^ ** 

Nov., 31 assignatis suis ad usum predictum contra omnes gentes warrantiza- 

HcnryVIII. ,. * ^ . . jr j . i * *• 

bimus et imperpetuum defendemus per presentes. In quorum testi- 
On the same n^oiiium nos prefate priorissa et conventus huic presenti scripto nostro 
^y^^ nomina nostra manibus propriis subscripsimus sigillumque nostrum 

prioress and r r r o ^ ^ 

convent in commune presentibus apposuimus Datum in domo nostra capitulari 

tne Chapter • • < i* • ^t 1* ■ 1*^^***1.*** 

house vicesimo quarto die mensis Novembns anno regni predicti mvictissimi 

fe^dSeirthe principis et domini nostri regis Henrici octavi tricesimo primo. 
sunrender Et memorandum quod die et anno predictis venerunt prefate 

contents priorissa et conventus in domo suo capitulari apud Kirkeleighs predicta 

Richard Coram Ricardo Layton uno clericorum Cancellarie dicti domini regis 

oft?e Clerks ^^ tecognoverunt scriptum predictum ac omnia et singula in eodem 

of the contenta in forma predicta. 

Chancery. 



The Instructions for the general visitation of the monasteries in 
Oct., 1535, are printed in full in Burnet's History of the Reformation 
(Oxford, 1865), iv, 207 and following pages. The questions are 
numerous and searching, and there are special questions for the 
visitation of nunneries. In the same volume, p. 217, are printed the 
"General Injunctions to be given on the king's highness' behalf in 
all Monasteries and other houses of whatsoever order or religion 
they be," which injunctions were to be delivered in the king's name 
by the visitors to the houses visited by them, and declared that the 
abbots and other brethren of the places visited were absolved from 
obedience to the Pope, and laid down rules for government of the 
houses, etc. The instructions for the surveys and inventories of 
religious houses and their property and effects under the statute for 
their dissolution are printed in vol. iv, page 304. When a religious 
house was surrendered a confession was generally made by the inmates, 
few of which confessions are now extant, but two are printed in 
vol. iv of Burnet's History, i)ages 259-262. The Acts for the dissolution 
of the smaller and greater monasteries and of the chantries may be 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



335 



seen in a handy form in Gee and Hardy's Documents Illustrative of 
English Church History^ where are also to be found several other 
important documents bearing on church history about the time of 
the dissolution of the monasteries. 

There is a description of the buildings^ of Kirklees as they existed 
at the time of the dissolution among the surveys made by the visitors 
of Henry VHI preserved among the exchequer papers in the Public 
Record Office. The description has been printed by Mr. Wm. Brown 
in ih\s Journal {yo\. ix, page 331), where in a footnote are given the 
names and ages of the inmates at the dissolution, viz., Cecilia 
Topcliff, 60 ; Joan Leventhorp, 60 ; Isabella Hopton, 50 ; Joan Kypax, 
50 ; Agnes Broke, 40 ; Isabella Rodes, 40 (who had a corrody, value 
not stated) ; Katharine Grice, 25 ; and Isabella Saltynstall, 24. There 
are no remarks about their characters except in the case of Isabella 
Rodes, who is said to be criminosus {sic). In the Compendium 
Compertorum^ of Doctors Layton and Legh is, however, this note,^ 
which may or may not be true. "Kirkelees Monialium. Incon- 
tinencia. Johanna Kepers peperit,^^ 

It would appear from the survey that the buildings at Kirklees 
were small and poorly built, and many windows were unglazed, even 
those in the infirmary and in the chamber of the prioress. There 
were also very few chimneys, even the kitchen being without one, but 
the chaplain appears to have had one in his room, and there was 
also one in one of the parlours where guests were received. The 
prioress's chamber does not appear to have been very comfortable. 
She would probably take her meals in the frater and sleep in 
the dorter with the nuns, as it was not usual for the heads of 
Cistercian monasteries to have private households. Some of the 
buildings are still standing, such as the maltkiln and most of the 
farm buildings, the measurements of which fairly agree with the 
survey.* The position of the cloister court can be defined, and 



1 For a description of the disposition of 
a Cistercian house see an excellent paper 
on the Cistercian plan by J. T. Mickle- 
thwaite, Esq. , V. P. S. A. , in vol. vii of this 
/oumaly page 239. Mr. Micklethwaite's 
paper on the Cistercian Order and Mr. 
St. John Hope's paper qji Fountains 
Abbey, both of which are printed in 
vol. XV of this Journal^ may be read with 
advantage. 

2 The Compendium Compertorum is 
described in Dixon's History of the 
Church of Englafid^ i, 343 and following 
pages. A list of the houses comprised in 
the Compendium is given in a footnote of 
pages 352-4 of the same volume. See 
also Gasquet's Henry VIII and the 
English Monasteries, 



* If this note were true, why was Joan 
Kepers shortly afterwards made prioress ? 

* There are some very interesting 
masons' marks both at the priory and the 
hall, many of which have been recently 
copied, and, by permission of Sir George 
J. Armytage, they are reproduced in the 
accompan)dng illustration, facing this 
page. In connection with these marks 
reference may be made to papers on the 
subject in Archaologia^ vol. 30, p. 1 13, 
and vol. 34, p. 33, and the numerous 
illustrations there; and to a paper by 
W. H. Rylands, Esq. , in the Transactions 
of the Hist or u Society of Lancashire and 
Cheshire in 1893, pp. 123-2CX). 



336 



THE Y0;RKSHIRE ARCH-ffiOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



north of it was the body of the church, some yards to the east of 
which are the tomb of Elizabeth de Staynton and other tombs. A 
large building on the west of the cloister court is said to have been 
the house of the prioress, but this is doubtful. The prioress's 
chamber (not house), is said in the survey to have been at the 
north side of the nether end of the church with timber walls. The 
description therefore does not adapt itself to the large building 
above mentioned. Stukeley in his Itinerarium Curiosuni^ vol ii, 
plate 99, gives "The prospect of Kirkleys Abby where Robin Hood 
dyed from the footway leading to Heartishead Church, at a quarter 
of a mile distance." This view (of which a copy is here given) 
shows a large gateway with corner turrets, which is described as the 
gatehouse of the priory. I feel sure, however, that this is a mistake, 
and that the so called gateway is more likely to have been the hall, 
parlour, and prioress's chamber, which were probably after the dissolu- 
tion converted into the residence called Low Hall. The plate is 
taken from a drawing by Dr. Nathaniel Johnston made about 
the year 1665, and the proportions and perspective are by no 
means accurate. This drawing is now, with others, in the possession 
of the Rev. Fleming St. John, of Dismore, Herefordshire. It is 
Number 257 in the list of Stukeley's drawings, &c., given in the 
Appendix to vol. iii of his Diaries^ published by the Surtees Society. 
The most perfect relic now remaining of the priory is the house 
usually called the gatehouse, adjoining the stream, which has very 
thick walls and narrow windows. A room in this building is said 
to be the scene of Robin Hood's death, and the supposed grave 
of the famous outlaw lies on rising ground, some distance from the 
gatehouse, from the window of which he is said to have shot his 
last arrow. Of the stone which covered the grave there is only a small 
fragment now remaining, enclosed in an iron cage, to prevent further 
depredations. Chips of the stone were carried off by the navvies 
who made the neighbouring railway, and by others, not as a memento 
of Robin Hood,* but as a cure for toothache. 

There is a drawing of Robin Hood's gravestone, also made by 
Dr. Johnston, which is amongst the above-mentioned collection of his 
drawings, now in the possession of the Rev. Fleming St. John, from 
which it would appear that the well-known inscription was really 



^ The name Ilod or Hood occurs in the 
early Court Rolls of the Manor of Wake- 
field, e,g. at the Court held at Wakefield 
on the Friday before the Assumption of 
the Virgin, 1277, Adam Hod is one 
of the pledges of William, the Fuller 
of Wakefeud, and another for payment of 



4af. that year for the fulling mill at the 
three terms of the year. The name Little 
also occurs. — At the Court held at Wake- 
field 2ist September, 1275, Robert Parvus 
(Little) of Crigeliston gave 6x. %d, to have 
an inquisition respecting a bovate of land 
which belonged to Ralph Uprit. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



339 



In Dugdale*s Monasticon, vol. v, page 739, is the following account*, 
which gives the situation of the several properties of the Prior)'. 

Account of the Ministers of the Lord King in the 

TIME OF Henry VIII. 

(Abstract of Roll 34 Henry VIII, Augmentation Office) County of York. 

£ J. d, 
Kirkleys, site with demesne lands . . 6 13 4 

West Haye by West Burton, redditus et firmae 468 

Hudderfelde 



»» 



Wekeyley 

CuUyngworth 

Shelfe 

Leveyage (Liversedge) 

Hartishede 

Scooles 

Danbye Grange 

Darton 

Hokyngwyk 

Kexburgh 

Emley 

Saddleworth 

Salkthwaite 

Lyttle Town alias Leversage 

Hokynwk 

Heton (rent of land of the Abbot of Fountains) 

Mirfield, Firma Rector' 



>» 



> » 



f r 



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t » 



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1 1 



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f » 



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I 
2 
O 
O 
2 
2 
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4 
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17 
13 

2. 

6 

5 
6 

4 

3 

7 
8 

6 



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6 6 



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£2(^ 18 9 



GRANT OF THE RECTORY OF MIRFIELD TO THOMAS 

SAVELL, OF CLIFTON, 1540. 



Patent Roll, 32 Henry VIII, part v, mem. 10 (47). 

De concessione pro Savell et heredibus suis. 

Rex omnibus ad quos etc. salutem. Sciatis quod nos pro summa 
centum et quatuordecim librarum ad manus thesaurarii Curie Augmenta- 
cionum Corone nostre per dilectum nobis Thomam Savell de Cl)rfton* 
in comitatu nostro Ebor. generoso ad usum nostrum soluta de gracia 
nostra speciali etc. per presentes damus et concedimus eidem Thome 
totam rectoriam nostram de Myrfelde cum suis iuribus et pertinenciis 
universis in comitatu nostro Ebor. nuper monastcrio sive prioratui vel 
domui monialium de Kyrkeleys in dicto comitatu nostro Ebor. modo 



* Mr. John Lister has kindly supplied 
the following note : — " Escheat 20 Sept. 
38 Hen. viij, Thomas Savile de Clifton, 
eenerosus, obiit \% die M^^tii J^nnp 



(? regni) dicti regis xxxv. Et quod Cuth- 
bcrtus .... est ejus filius et heres etatis 
xviij annorum et dimidii," 



840 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

dissolute dudum spectantem et pertinentem ac unum mesuagium unum 
orreum decimale et unum clausum terre eidem orreo adiacentes ac omnes 
et omnimodi terras glebas ac decimas granorum et feni eidem rectorie 
quoquo[modo"| spectantes et pertinentes ac reuersionem reuersiones 
redditus et annualia proficua omnium et singulonim premissonim et 
cuiuslibet inde parcelle ac advocacionem donacionem liberam disposi- 
cionem et ius patronatus vicarie ecclesie parochialis de Myrfelde in 
comitatu predicto adeo plene et integre ac in tam amplis modo et 
forma prout ultima priorissa dicti nuper prioratus aut aliqua prede- 
cessorum suorum priorissarum eiusdem nuper prioratus in iure nuper 
prioratus illius aliquo tempore ante dissolucionem dicti nuper prioratus 
vel antequam nuper prioratus ille ad manus nostras devenit dictam 
rectoriam advocacionem et cetera premissa vel aliquam inde par- 
cellam habuerunt tenuerunt vel gavise fuerunt habuit tenuit vel 
gavisa fuit seu habere tenere vel gaudere debuerunt aut debuit. 
Et adeo plene et integre et in tam amplis modo et forma prout 
ea omnia et singula ad manus nostras racione vel pretextu 
dissolucionis dicti nuper prioratus aut racione vel pretextu alicuius 
actus parliamenti seu aliter quocumque modo devenerunt seu devenire 
debuerunt ac in manibus nostris iam existunt seu existere debent 
vel deberent Que quidem rectoria terre glebe decime et cetera 
premissa superius per presentes data et concessa sunt clari annui 
valoris sex librarum sex solidorum et octo denariorum et non ultra 
Habendum tenendum et gaudendum rectoriam predictam ac predicta 
terras glebas decimas advocacionem et cetera omnia et singula 
premissa cum pertinenciis prefato Thome Savell heredibus et assignatis 
suis imperpetuum Tenendum de nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris 
in capite per servicium decime partis unius feodi militis Ac reddendo 
inde annuatim nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris duodecira 
solidos et octo denarios ad Curiam nostram Augmentacionum Reuen- 
cionum Corone nostre ad festum Sancti Michaelis Archangeli singulis 
annis solvendos pro omnibus redditibus serviciis et demandis quibus- 
cumque proinde nobis heredibus vel successoribus nostris quoquomodo 
reddendis solvendis vel faciendis. Et ulterius de uberiori gracia nostra 
damus et per presentes concedimus prefato Thome Savell omnia 
exitus redditus revenciones et proficua predicte rectorie et ceterorum 
premissorum superius expressorum et specificatorum cum pertinenciis a 
festo Sancti Michaelis Archangeli ultimo preterito hucusque proveniencia 
sive crescencia Habenda eidem Thome ex dono nostro absque compoto 
seu aliquo alio proinde nobis heredibus vel successoribus nostris quovis- 
modo reddendo solvendo vel faciendo Volumus eciam et per presentes 
concedimus prefato Thome Savell quod habeat et habebit has literas 
nostras patentes sub magno sigillo nostro Anglie debito modo factas 
et sigillatas absque fine seu feodo proinde nobis in hanaperio nostro 
seu alibi ad usum nostrum quoquomodo reddendo solvendo seu faciendo 
eo quod expressa mencio etc. In cuius rei etc. Teste Rege apud 
Westmonasterium xxiiij die Aprilis. 

per ipsum Regem etc. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 841 



MINISTERS' ACCOUNTS, KIRKLEES, 1540-1541. 



Exchequer Ministers* Accounts, 33-34 Henry VIII, Yorkshire Roll 188, 

mem. 6, dorso. 



Kirkleys nuper prioratus in comitatu Ebor. 

Compotus Willelmi Chamber collectoris omnium reddituum et 
firmarum pertinencium dicto nuper prioratui sursum reddito et dissoluto 
xxiiij»o die Novembris anno regni excellentissimi principis nunc Henrici 
viij"' Dei gracia Anglie Francie et Hibemie regis fidei defensoris ac 
in terris Anglicanis et Hibemicis supremi capitis xxxj^o computatus 
videlicet pro uno anno integro finito ad festum Sancti Michaelis 
Archangel! anno regni dicti domini Regis Henrici viij^ xxxiiij'**. 

Arreragia. Idem reddit compotum de xvijli. xj s. vd.de arreragiis 
ultimi compoti anni proximo precedentis prout in pede eiusdem compoti 
apparet. 

Summa xvij li. xj s. v d. 

Firma terrarum dominicalium. 

Et de yj li. xiij s. iiij d. de firma scitus dicti nuper prioratus cum terris 

dominicalibus ibidem per annum solvenda ad terminos Sancti Martini 

in Hyeme et Pentecoste equaliter prout in compoto huius officij de 

duobus annis proximo precedentibus ingrossato plenius et particulariter 

apparet. 

Summa yj li. xiij s. iiij d. 

Rcdditus tenencium ad voluntatem cum diversis minutis firmis. 

Et de xvj li. x\'iij s. ix d. de firma omnium reddituum terrarum et 
tenementorum cum pertinenciis per annum solvenda ad terminos Sancti 
Martini in hyeme et Pentecoste equaliter sic in tenuris diversorum 
hominum ibidem predictorum prout in compotis predictis plenius apparet. 

Summa xyj li. xviij s. ix d. 

Firma Rectorie de Myrfelde. 

De yj li. yj s. viij d. de firma rectorie de Myrefelde cum orreo decimal! 

et uno clause terre eidem adiacenti cum suis pertinenciis quibuscunque 

videlicet infra predictum tempus huius compoti non respondet. Eo quod 

dominus rex dedit et concessit totam dictam rectoriam cum suis iuribus 

et pertinenciis universis Thome Savell de Clyfton' in comitatu Ebor. per 

literas suas patentes inferius in titulo Exoneracio arreragiorum irrotulatas 

prout in dictis literis patentibus in titulo predicto plenius declaratur. 

Sed respondet de xxxviij s. pro tantis denariis per Thomam Savell 

debitis pro redditu reservato domino regi exeunti de rectoria de Mere- 

felde pro iij*« annis finitis ad festum Sancti Michaelis Archangeli anno 

xxxiiij'o predicto ad xij s. viij d, per annum. 

Summa xxxviij s. 

Summa totalis recepte j ^^.. ,; ^^^.. ^ 
cum arreragiis J -* -* 



342 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

Stipendium computantis cum expensis necessarijs. 

Idem computat in stipendio ipsius computantis collectoris reddituum 
et firmarum supradictorum ad xxvj s. viij d. per annum causa officij sui 
exercendi sic assessato per officiarium domini regis ibidem videlicet in 
allocacione huiusmodi per totum tempus huius compoti xxvj s. viij d. Et 
in stipendio clerici auditoris scribentis hunc compotum ad ij s. per 
annum prout clerici s auditoribus domini regis ducatus sui Lancastriensis 
allocari consuevit in singulis computis ministrorum ibidem videlicet in 
allocacione huiusmodi stipendii secundum formam et effectum actus 
parliamenti ij s. 

Et in feodo predicti computantis pro custodia bosci vocati Nune- 
woodc pro hoc anno ex consideracione officiarii domini reg^s super 

hunc compotum xiij s. iiij d. 

Summa xlijs. 

Exoneracio arreragiorum. 

Et exoneracione xijli. xiij s. iiij d. de arreragiis Thome Savell 

superius in titulo arreragiorum de anno xxxij**® et xxxiij^*® oneratis pro 

firma rectorie de Merefelde pro eo quod dominus nunc rex Henricus 

octavus dedit et concessit per literas suas patentes datas vicesimo 

quarto die Aprilis anno regni sui xxxij***» quarum quidem literarum 

patencium tenor sequitur in hec verba Henricus etc. Teste meipso 

apud Westmonasterium vicesimo quarto die Aprilis anno regni xxxij*> 

ideoque in allocacione xijli. xiij s. iiijd. 

Summa xij li. xiij s. iij d. 

Liberacio et exoneracio denariorum. 

Et in denariis liberatis Leonardo Bekwith armigero receptori 
domini Regis tocius comitatus Ebor. de exitibus huius anni ex 
recognicione ipsius receptoris super hunc compotum xxiij li. vj s. xj d. 

Et oneratur in compoto predicti receptoris pro tantis denariis per 
Jacobum Rokesby generosum ad manus ipsius receptoris solutis pro 
arreragiis eiusdem Jacobi super eundem Jacobum pendentibus prout in 

pede compoti huius officij de anno proximo precedenti apparet* 

• •••1- •• •••• — 

inj h. xij s. iiij d. 

Summa xxvij li. xix s. ij d. 

Summa allocacionum et liberacionum predictarum xiij li. xiiij s. vj d. 

Et debet vij s. 

Totum super Robertum Pylkyngton pro redditu exeunte de terris iacen- 
tibus in parochia de Heton' pertinentibus abbatie de Fontibus ad ij s. 
iiij d. per annum dc arreragiis suis pro hoc anno et ij**"' annis proximo 
precedentibus aretro vij s. 

* Respondet in Compoto Receptoris. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 343 



MINISTERS' ACCOUNTS, KIRKLEES, 1543-1544. 



Exchequer Ministers' Accounts, Mich. 34 — Mich. 35 Henry VIII, York, 

No. 183, mem. 4. 



Kirkleys nuper Prioratus in Comitatu Ebor. 

Compotus Willelmi Chamber collectoris omnium reddituum et 
firmarum pertinencium dicto nuper prioratui sursum reddito et dissoluto 
xxiiij^o die Nouembris anno regni excellentissimi principis nunc Henrici 
viij"^ Dei gracia Anglie Francie et Hibemie regis fidei defensoris ac in 
terris Anglicanis et Hibernicis supremi capitis xxxj™** computatus 
videlicet a festo Sancti Michaelis Archangeli anno regni dicti domini 
regis Henrici viij"' xxxiiij^° usque idem festum Sancti Michaelis Arch- 
angeli extunc proxime sequens anno regni regis Henrici viij"* xxxv^° 
scilicet per unum annum integrum. 

Arreragia. Idem reddit compotum de vij s. de arreragiis ultimi 

compoti anni proxime precedentis prout in pede eiusdem compoti 

apparet. 

Summa vij s. 

Firma terrarum dominicalium. Et de vj li. xiij s. iiij d. de firma scitus 
nuper prioratus cum terris dominicalibus ibidem per annum soluta ad 
terminos Sancti Martini in Hyeme et Pentecoste equaliter prout in 
compoto huius officii de duobus annis proxime precedentibus ingrossato 
plenius et particulariter apparet. 

Summa vj li. xiij s. iiij d. 

Redditus tenencium ad voluntatem cum diuersis minutis firmis. 

Et de xvj li. xviij s. ixd. de firma diuersorum reddituum terrarum et 
tenementorum cum pertinenciis per annum soluta ad terminos Sancti 
Martini in Hyeme et Pentecoste equaliter Et de iij s. pro libero redditu 
Et de iiij d. pro redditu unius parcelle terre de vasto domini iacentis in 
Westburton* super quem Willielmus Sparke edificauit unum domum 
reddendo inde annuatim iiij d. sic sibi dimisse per copiam rotuli curie. 

Summa xvij li. ij s. j d. 

Firma rectorie de M3rrfelde. 

De yj li. yj s. viij d. de firma rectorie de Myrefelde cum orreo decimali 
et uno clauso terre eidem orreo adiacenti cum suis pertinenciis quibus- 
cumque videlicet infra tempus huius compoti non respondet eo quod 
dominus rex dedit et concessit totam dictam rectoriam cum suis iuribus 
et pertinenciis uniuersis Thome Savell de Clyfton in comitatu Ebor, 
generoso per literas suas patentes in titulo Exoneratio arreragiorum in 
compoto xxxiiij*° irrotulatas prout in dictis Uteris patentibus in titulo 



3i4 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

predict© plenius declaratur. Sed respondet de xij s. viij d. pro tantis 
denariis per Thomam Savell debitis pro redditu reservato domino regi 
exeunte de rectoria de Merefelde pro hac anno finito ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis Archangeli anno xxxv*°. 

Summa xij s. viij d. 
Summa totalis recepte cum arreragiis xxiiij li. xv s. j d. 

De quibus. 
Stipendium computantis cum expensis necessariis. 

Idem computat in stipendio ipsius computantis collectoris reddituum 
et firmarum supradictarum ad xxyj s. viij d. per annimi causa officii sui 
exercendi sic assessato per officiarium domini regis ibidem videlicet in 
allocacione huiusmodi per totum tempus huius compoti xxyj s. viij d. Et 
in stipendio clerici auditoris scribentis hunc computum ad ij s. per annum 
prout clericis auditoribus domini regis ducatus sui Lancastrie allocari 
consuevit in singulis compotis ministrorum ibidem videlicet in alloca- 
cione huiusmodi stipendii secundum formam et effectum actus 
parliamenti ij s. £t in feodo predicti computantis pro custodia bosci 
vocati Nunwoode pro hoc anno ex consideracione officiarii domini regis 

super hunc compotum xiij s. iiij d. 

Summa xlij s. 

Liberacio denariorum. 

Et in denariis liberatis Leonardo Bekewith armigero receptori 
domini regis tocius comitatus Ebor. de exitibus huius anni ex 
recognicione ipsius receptoris super hunc compotum xiij li. vij s. jd. 

Summa xiij li. vij s. j d. 

Summa allocacionum et liberacionum predictarum xvli. ixs. jd. 

Et debet ix li. yj s. unde 

Super Robertum Pylkyngton* pro redditu exeunte de terris iacentibus 
in parochia de Heton' pertinentibus abbatie de Fontibus ad ij s. iiij d. 
per annum de arreragiis suis pro hoc anno et tribus annis proxime 
precedentibus aretro ix s. iiij d, 

Thomam Savell de Exeleye in comitatu Ebor. generosum pro tantis 
denariis per ipsum receptis et detentis pro firma grangie ibidem vocate 
Westhaye iuxta Westburton in tenura Thome Sparke et Johannis Sparke 
superius onerate ad iiij li. vj s. viij d. per annum de arreragiis suis 
videlicet pro dimidio anno finito ad festum Pentecoste infra tempus 
huius compoti aretro xliij s. iiij d. que clamat colore literarum domini 
regis patencium. 

Thomam Savell de Clifton generosum pro tantis denariis per ipsum 
receptis et detentis pro firma scitus dicti nuper prioratus cum terris 
dominicalibus superius oneratis ad vjli. xiij s. iiijd. per annum de 
arreragiis suis pro uno anno integro finito ad festum Pentecoste hoc 

anno aretro vj li. xiij s. iiij d. que clamat colore literarum domini 

regis patencium. 

Ipsum computantem de arreragiis suis huius anni aretro nil. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 345 

GRANTS OF PARCELS OF THE POSSESSIONS OF KIRKLEES 

PRIORY. 

Particulars for Grants, 35 Henry VIII, Grantees being Richard 

Androys and William Romsden. 

[Mem. I.] Memorandum that wee Richard Andros and William 
Romsden* require to purchace of the king's highnes by vertue of the 
kings commission of sale the premisses beinge ' of the clere yerly 
value of Ixiij li. ixs. j d. the tenth not beinge deducted. In Witnesse 
wherof we haue subscribed this bill with our hands and putte our 
sealls the day and yere in the seid rate speciffied 

per me Ricardum 
Androys. 

[Mem. 3.] xxvijo die Maii anno regni regis Henrici viij"» xxxv^o de 
vendicione Richardo Andrewes. 

Firste of the Possessions of Kyrkeleys vj s. viij d. 

Item of the Possessions of Kyrkeleys viij li. vs. viij d. 

[Mem. 4.] Mr. Ramsden's particulars. Memorandum v of these 
particulars be Ramsden' and the yj* is Keys. 

Parcella possessionum nuper prioratus de Kirkelies libere resignati 
in comitatu Ebor. 

Comitatu Ebor. Denby in parochia de Heaton*. Sunt nulla alia terre 
tenementa vel redditus ibidem dicto nuper prioratui p'tinencia. 

Willelmus Clayton tenet ad voluntatem certas terras ibidem Reddendo 

inde per annum ad terminos Sancti Martini in hieme et Pentecoste 

equaliter vj s. viij d. 

Summa vj s. viij d. 

Memorandum that the same londes lye by estimacon' xj or xij 
myles destaunte from Pountefract Castle and vij or eight myles from 
Wakefeld. 

Examinatur per Hugonem Fuller auditorem. 

[Mem. 5.] Parcella terrarum et possessionum nuper Pr[i]oratus de 
Kirkleys in comitatu Ebor. libere resignati. 

Comitatus Ebor. In compoto Willelmi Chamber coUectoris reddituum 
et firmarum domini regis ibidem de anno regni excellentissimi principis 
nunc Henrici viij^ Dei gracia Anglie Francie et Hibemie regis fidei 
defensoris et in terris Anglicanis et Hibernicis ecclesie supremi capitis 
xxxiiij^o inter alia continetur ut sequitur. 

Westhey iuxta Westburton in parochia de Darton. 

Thomas Sparke et Johannes Sparke tenent ad voluntatem duo 
tenementa ibidem cum omnibus et singulis suis pertinenciis ibidem et 

* William Ramsden of Longley Hall, landsof Roche Abbey in South Yorkshire, 

near Huddersfield, obtained divers grants etc. He died in London, 7 November, 

of Church lands, including the advowson 1580. He appears to have married the 

of Huddersfield, and other possessions of sister-in law of the above-named Thomas 

Nostell Priory, also the site and demesne Savile of Exeley. 



346 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

reddunt inde per annum ad festa Sancti Martini in hieme et Pente- 
costo equal iter cum vj s. viij d. resolutis heredi Jacobi Strangeways 
militis per annum iiij li. vj s. viij d. 

Shelf in parochia de Halifaxe. 

[Blank] nuper uxor Johannis Preistley tenet ad firmam per inden- 

turam sub sigillo communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum 

ut dicitur unum tenementum ibidem cum omnibus terris pratis boscis 

clausuris et pasturis eidem tenemento pertinentibus cum suis 

pertinenciis ibidem et reddit per annum ad festa predicta equaliter 

ziij s. iiij d. 
Leuersage in parochia de Bristall. 

Willelmus Brooke tenet ad firmam per indenturam sub sigillo 
communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum ut dicitur unum 
tenementum ibidem cum suis pertinenciis et reddit per annum ad 
festa predicta equaliter cum iiij d. pro precio duorum operum autump- 
nalium vocatorum side boones per annum xxiiij s. x d. 

Thomas Sawood alias Southwood filius et heres Ricardi Southwood 
tenet ad firmam similiter per indenturam sub sigillo communi dicti 
nuper prioratus pro termino annorum ut dicitur unum tenementum 
sive cotagium ibidem cum suis pertinenciis et reddit per annum ad 
festa predicta equaliter xiij s. iiij d. 

Thomas Poplewell tenet ad firmam similiter per indenturam sub 
sigillo communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum ut dicitur 
unum cotagium vocatum Stonehouses cum suis pertinenciis et reddit 
inde per annum ad festa predicta equaliter iiij s. 

Scoles in parochia de Bristall predicta. 

Johannes Brooke tenet unum toftum cum suis pertinenciis ibidem 
et reddit per annum ad festa predicta equaliter vs. 

Heredes terrarum Edwardi Stones tenent libere certas terras ibidem 
et reddunt inde per annum ad festa predicta equaliter vj d. 

Hekynwik in parochia de Bristall predicta. 

[Blank'] nuper uxor Johannis Kighley tenet ad firmam per inden- 
turam sub sigillo communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum 
ut dicitur iij clausuras terrarum et reddit per annum ad festa 
predicta equaliter iij s. iiij d. 

Emeley in parochia ibidem. 

Johannes Clayton tenet ad firmam per indenturam sub sigillo 
communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum ut dicitur certas 
parcellas prati ibidem iacentes in Shepeleycarre subtus parcum vocatum 
Emley parke et reddit inde per annum ad festa predicta equaliter viijs. 

Sadilworth in parochia ibidem. 

Ricardus Wrigley tenet ad firmam per indenturam sub sigillo 
communi dicti nuper prioratus pro termino annorum ut dicitur unum 
tenementum cum pertinenciis et reddit inde per annum ad festa 
predicta equaliter vj s. viij d. 

Summa viij li. vs. viij d. inde 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 347 

Memorandum quod non sunt plura terre et tenementa in premissis 
parcella de Kirkleys supradicta. , 

Reprise ut in redditu resoluto. In redditu resoluto heredi Jacobi 
Strangways militis exeunte de terns et tenementis in Westhey predicta 

per annum ^vj s. viij d. 

* Summa reprisarum predictarum vj s. viij d. 

* Et remanet ultra clare vij li. xix s. 

[Mem. 14.] Five tenementes in Wakefeld with their appurtenaunces 
in the seyd countie percell of the possessions of the late monasterie 
of Monkeburton. Certeyne landes and tenementes in Denbye in the 
seyd countie percelle of the possessions of the late monasterye of 
Kyrklees. Trees growing aboute the scytuacon of the seyd tenementes 
and in hedgis inclosinge landes partcynyng to the same wyll barely 
suffyce to repayre the forseyd tenementes and to meynteyn the hedgis 
and fencys aboute the same therfore not valuid nil. 

per me Willelmum Cowper. 

[Mem. 18.] One tenement in Shelfe in the seyd countie percell 
of the possessions of the late priory of Kyrklees. 

One tenement in Scoles in the seyd countie percell of the possessions 
of the seyd late priorye. 

Three tenementes lying in Leversage in the seyd countie percell 
of the possessions of the seyd late pryorye. 

Ther be growinge aboute the scytuacons of the seyd tenementes 

and in hedgis inclosinge lands parteyning to the same Ix polling 

okes aishes and elmys of Ix and Ixxx yeres growthe whereof xxx 

resservid to the fermour and tenauntes there for tymber for housebote 

to repayre their forseyd tenementes and to meynteyne the forseyd 

hedgis therfore not valuid and xxx trees resydue valuid at ijd. the 

tree which is in the holle vs. 

per me Willelmum Cowper. 

[Mem. 21.] Twoo tenementes in Westhey iuxta Westburton in the 
seyd countie in the tenure of Thomas Sparke and John Sparke 
parcell of the late priorye of Kirkleys. 

The Hayke grove conteyneth vj acres West Strodes copp* con- 
teyneth iiij acres. 

Scrathayke grove conteyneth iij acres. 

Dowkers grove conteyneth one acre. 

Summa acres xiiij. 

Wherof vij acres xs. vj d. of iij yeres growthe and vij acres xiiij s. 
of iiij yeres growith the wood of euery acre aforeseyd valuid as 
appereth whych is in the holle xxiiij s. vj d. 

The spryngs of the wood or grounde of xiiij acres aforseyd rated 
yerly at vj d. the acre which ys yerly in the holle vij s. and amounteth 
after xx yeres purchase to vij li. 

Item there be growing in the seyd copp* woodes Ix short shrubbyd 

and pollinge okes of xl and Ix yeres growth valuid at iiij d. the tree 

whych is in the holle xx s. 

per me Willelmum Cowper. 

* Scoreil ihiough. 



348 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL- 

GRANT OF THE SITE OF KIRKLEES PRIORY TO JOHN 
TASBURGH, ESQ., AND NICHOLAS SAVELL, GENT., 1544. 



Patent Roll, 36 Henry VIII, part 7, mem. 5 (24). 

Pro Johanne Tasburgh armigero de concessione sibi et heredibus. 

Rex omnibus ad quos etc. salutem. Sciatis quod nos pro summa 
noningentarum octoginta septem librarum quindecim solidorum et 
septem denariorum ad manus Thesaurarii nostri Curie nostra Augmen- 
tacionum per Johannem Tasburgh armigerum persoluta damus et 

concedimus prefato Johanni Tasburgh et cuidam Nicholao 

Savell generoso totum ilium scitum septum circuitum ambitum et 
precinctum nuper prioratus de Kirkleys in comitatu nostro Ebor. cum 
suis iuribus et pertinenciis universis modo vel nuper in tenura cuiusdam 
Thome Savell vel assignatorum suorum Ac eciam omnia et singula 

mesuagia etc. Necnon omnia et singula mesuagia ac cetera 

hereditamenta nostra quecumque in Kyrkleys predicta dicto nuper 
prioratui de Kyrkeleys dudum spectancia et pertinencia videlicet unam 
domum et unam coquinam iuxta eundem scitum unum clausum 
vocatum Castelfelde continens per estimacionem triginta acras unum 
clausum pasture vocatum le West Oxe pasture continens per estima- 
cionem octo acras unum clausum vocatum le Est Oxe pasture 
continens per estimacionem duodecim acras unum clausum vocatum 
le Highe Stubbyng* continens per estimacionem decem acras unum 
clausum pasture vocatum Marebrigeflatt continens per estimacionem 
sex acras unum clausum terre arrabilis vocatum Forbrigeflatt continens 
per estimacionem quatuor acras unum clausum vocatum Lyon' Roode 
continens per estimacionem duodecim acras unum clausum terre 
arrabilis vocatum le Coweford' continens per estimacionem sex acras 
unum clausum pasture vocatum EUeytreflatt continens per estimacionem 
octo acras unum clausum pasture vocatum Marledore continens per 
estimacionem duas acras unum clausum prati vocatum Stakford' 
continens per estimacionem quatuordecim acras unum clausum prati 
vocatum Stubbing' Yng* continens per estimacionem septem acras 
prati unum clausum vocatum Swyne pasture et aliud clausum vocatum 
le Calf Crofte continens per estimacionem tres acras prati unum 
clausum prati vocatum Eroding' continens per estimacionem tres acras 
unum clausum pasture vocatum Clyftonflat continens per estimacionem 
decem acras unum clausum terre arrabilis vocatum Cotflatt continens 
per estimacionem decem acras unum clausum pasture vocatum 
Hickcrode continens per estimacionem viginti septem acras unum 
clausum ten^e arrabilis vocatum Newclose continens per estimacionem 
decem acras unum clausum terre arrabilis vocatum Frekwell continens 
per estimacionem decem et octo acras Ac eciam totum illud clausum 
bosci nostrum cum pertinenciis vocatum Nunbank' continens per 
estimacionem quatuor acras Necnon unum aliud clausum bosci nostrum 
cum pertinenciis vocatum Newewood' continens per estimacionem 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 349 

viginti acras Ac eciam omnia et singula alia mesuagia etc. cum 
eorum pertinenciis universis cognita per nomen vel per nomina de 
lez demeane landes dicte nuper prioratus de Kirkleys iacentia et 
existentia in Kyrkeleys predicta ac cum predicto scitu dicti nuper 
prioratus de Kirkleys prefato Thome Savell dimissa seu locata Necnon 
totum ilium boscum nostrum vocatum Northwood* continens per esti- 
macionem viginti duas acras et dimidiam Ac eciam totum ilium 
boscum nostrum sive copiciam bosci nostram vocatum Southcoppes 
continens per estimacionem octodecim acras Necnon omnes et omni- 
modos alios boscos et arbores nostros quoscumque de in vel super 
premissis prefato Johanni Tasburgh* et Nicholao Savell preconcessis 
aut de in vel super aliqua inde parcella crescentes sive existentes 
ac terram et solum eorundem boscorum et eorum cuiuslibet Necnon 

reversionem etc Excepto tamen ac nobis heredibus et successoribus 

nostris omnino reservato toto plumbo de in vel super quibuscumque 
domibus seu edificiis infra dictum scitum dicte nuper prioratus de 
Kirkeleys existent! preter gutturas plumbeas et plumbum in fenestris 
Aceciam exceptis ac nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris omnino 
reservatis omnibus et singulis advocacionibus et iuribus patronatuum 

dicto scito mesuagiis terris tenementis etc spectantibus etc. 

Habendum etc. predictum scitum mesuagia terras tenementa et 
cetera singula premissa prefatis Johanni Tasburgh* et Nicholao Savell 
preconcessa (exceptis preexceptis) eisdem Johanni Tasburgh et Nicholao 
Savell ac heredibus et assignatis ipsius Nicholai Savell imperpetuum 
Tenendum de nobis heredibus ac successoribus nostris in capite per 
servicium quadragesime partis unius feodi militis Ac reddendo annuatim 
nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris pro predictis scito mesuagiis 
terris tenementis et ceteris premissis prefatis Johanni Tasburgh* et 
Nicholao Savell et heredibus ipsius Nicholai Savell preconcessis 
tresdecim solidos et quatuor denarios ad dictam Curiam nostram 
Augmentacionum ad festum Sancti Michaelis Archangeli singulis annis 
solvendos nomine decime et decime partis premissorum. In cuius rei 
etc. Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium xxxj die Maij per breve de 
priuato sigillo et de data etc. 

On the 14th Sept., 1544 [Patent Roll, 36 Henry VIII, part 6, 
mem. 10 (29)], the king granted to William Ramsden a few of the 
possessions of the priory, including a cottage in Hartshead, three 
cottages in Huddersfield, in the tenure of John Armytage, an annual 
rent of 35. and the services issuing out of the last-mentioned 
cottages and lately paid to Jacob Brotheride. And another annual 
rent of 55. issuing out of the same cottages, and lately paid to 
Agnes Hanson for her dower. Paying annually to the king and his 
successors for the Hartshead cottage and appurtenances i6d., and 
for the Huddersfield cottages and appurtenances 2s. ^d. Teste 
Katetina Anglie regina, ac generali rectrice eiusdem apud Okyn^, 



350 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

On the 29th March, 1547 [Patent RoU^ i Edward VI, part 7, 
mem. 5 (46) ], licence was granted to William Ramsden, of Longeley, 
gentleman, and James More, clerk, to dispose of the site of the priory 
and demesne lands to Thomas Gargrave, 'Esq., by a description 
identical with that of the grant to John Tasburgh on the 31st May, 
36 Henry VIII, except for the omission in this licence of the close 
called the EUeytreflatt. 

By the effect of a deed dated 20 Feb., 2 Edward VI [1548], 
between Thomas Gargrave, of Elmesall, Esquire, and Robert Pilking- 
ton, of Bradleye, gentleman, and of a fine (K. M. 215 and 217) levied 
in the Octave of St. Martin in the same year, wherein Robert 
Pylkyngton was plaintiff, and Thomas Gargrave and Joh^na his 
wife were deforciants, the site of the priory with the appurtenances 
and all messuages, etc., within the site were transferred to the said 
Robert Pilkington, who appears to have gone to reside at Kirklees, 
for in a lease which he granted to one Thomas Blakeburn, dated 
26 May, 1560 (K. M. 256), of "one howse of four postes owtshotid 
(/>. having the upper storey projecting), and one garthe," etc., at 
Kyrkeleis, he is described as of Kyrkelees, esquire. The site of the 
priory, etc., wer^ settled by Robert Pilkington by deed (K. M. 274), 
dated 30 March, 4 Elizabeth (1562), on trustees for the use of himself 
and his wife Alice, daughter of Thomas Savile, a former tenant 
The same Robert and Alice sold " the mansion house or manor of 
Kyrklees" with the appurtenances to John Armytage, of Farneley 
tias (Tyas), yeoman, the direct ancestor of the present owner, and 
the premises were conveyed by deed (K. M. 288), dated 26 Oct., 
7 Elizabeth (1565), the purchaser paying to the said Robert and 
Alice for their lives J[^^o yearly, 6 capons and 6 geese. Alice is 
said to have lived well into the seventeenth century, and to have 
duly received her annuity, capons and geese. 

On the 8th July, 1547 [Patent Roll, i Edward VI, part 7, 
mem. 24 (27)], license was granted to Cuthbert Savell, of Clifton 
(son of the before-named Thomas Savile or Savell), to dispose 
of the rectory of Mirfield with the tithes, glebe, &c., to the 
above-named William Ramsden, who on the 14th October in 
the same year {Patent Roll^ i Edward VI, part 5, mem. 20), 
obtained a licence to dispose of the rectory, &c., to John Dyghton, 
of Batley, gentleman. These transactions were probably only family 
arrangements, for in May, 1550 {Patent Roll, 4 Edward VI, part 7, 
mem. 10), a licence was granted to John Dyghton to dispose of the 
same premises to Elizabeth Savell, widow, and Cuthbert Savell, 
gentleman, doubtless the widow and son of the before named Thomas 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 351 

Savile. On 2nd Dec, 1594 {Patent Roll^ 37 Elizabeth, part 15, 
mem. 15), licence was granted to Thomas Savile, gentleman, to 
dispose of one moiety of the rectory of Mirfield, the advowson of 
the vicarage and of the tithes, etc., to John Armitage, Esq.; and on 
the 2nd Dec, 1596 {Patent Roll, No. 1464, 39 Elizabeth, part 7, 
mem. 10), licence was given to the same Thomas Savile to dispose 
of the remaining moiety of the rectory, &c., to the same John 
Armitage, Esq. Margaret, the wife of the said Thomas Savile, and 
also Thomas Savile, junior, and John Savile are included in this 
licence, and the transaction was completed by a fine which was levied 
in Easter Term, 39 Elizabeth, in which John Armitage, Esq., was 
plaintiff, and Thomas Savile, gentleman, and Margaret his wife were 
deforciants by means whereof the rectory and advowson became 
vested in the said John Armitage and his heirs for ever. Notwith- 
standing the above transactions Thomas Savile, junior, and John 
Savile appear to have advanced some claim to the rectory of 
Mirfield and the advowson. The claim appears to have been settled, 
and among the Kirklees Muniments are two conveyances (Nos. 571 
and 578) to John Armitage, Esq., of the rectory and advowson, one 
dated 2 June, 1601, from Thomas Savile of Whittley, co : York, gent; 
and the other dated 10 May, 1602, from John Savile, of Whitley, 
co: York. The advowson of Mirfield and the rectory house were 
sold nearly fifty years ago to Joshua Ingham, Esq., of Blake Hall, 
Mirfield, and they are now _ the property of his son, E. T. Ingham, 
Esq. 



PART III. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE ARCHBISHOPS^ REGISTERS AT 

YORK, AND OTHER DOCUMENTS. 



Bonum est nos hie esse, quia homo 
Vivit purius, cadit rarius, 
Surgit velocius, incedit cautius, 
Quiescit securius, moritur felicius, 
Purgatur citius, pneraiatur copiosius. 

I fear that the following extracts from the Archbishops' Registers 
at York will show that at any rate some of the nuns of Kirklees did 
not quite live up to the above motto, which I have read somewhere 
(but forget where) was given by St. Bernard to the Cistercian Order. 
I do not propose to criticise or moralise, but simply to offer thQ 



352 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



extracts as throwing a little light on the history of English 
Monasticism. They are not complete, and I have held them back 
for a long time in the hope of having a complete and exhaustive 
search through the Registers at York. But leisure for such a search 
has never presented itself, and it seems desirable to delay no longer. 
The extracts, all of which have been made for me by Mr. Wm. 
Brown,' are mostly of the early part of the fourteenth century, and 
Mr. Brown tells me that he feels certain that comparatively few 
entries will be found in the later registers. They show that notwith- 
standing the exemptions granted by the Popes to the Cistercian 
Order of freedom from episcopal jurisdiction, the Archbishops of 
York exercised considerable jurisdiction over Kirklees in the way of 
visitation, appointment of confessors, correction of faults, &c. It was 
suggested to me by the late Bishop Vertue, of Portsmouth, that the 
jurisdiction of the archbishops was probably confined to the inclosure 
(Clausura), and that it was their duty to see that the inclosure was 
strictly observed. It seems to me, however, that the authority of the 
archbishops went far beyond this limitation, and I feel unable to 
reconcile their interference with the privileges granted to the 
Cistercian Order by various Popes, which are to be found in the 
Nomasticon Cisterciense (subsequently referred to as Nomast, Cist) 
and in the collection of Statutes'^ of the Order, printed by Canon J. 
T. Fowler, in vols, ix, x, and xi of this Journal, Lyndwood (PramnciaU^ 
p. 212") refers to the fact of some nuns being under the rule of the 
" Religious " (that is, exempt), and of others being under the Bishops, 
and he appears to have been of the opinion that the rule of the 
former was the better of the two. As an instance, he says that 
" those nuns who are ruled by the Religious are cloistered, but those 
immediately under a Bishop are not cloistered, and so it appears that 
the neglect is with the Bishops." In the same note Lyndwood in 
another case lays the disobedience of the nuns at the door of the 
bishops, ^^ sed tunc insurgit dubium quomodo possent Moniales rests fere 
hujusmodi Constitutioni pradictce^ ut scilicet non remaneant sic inclusa. 
Nescio respondere, nisi propter tepiditatem Episcoporum quibus subsunt^^ 
This is rather severe, particularly having regard to the fact that the 
writer became himself a bishop. Lyndwood does not appear to have 



^ I take this opportunity of expressing 
my thanks to my old friend and school- 
fellow, Mr. H. A. Hudson, for his kind 
attention and courtesy to Mr. Brown and 
to me on all occasions when we have 
attended at his office to inspect the 
registers. 

^ This collection is also bound in a 
separate volume, and it is to the pages of 



this volume (shortly printed Cist, Stat,) 
that I subsequently refer. The edition of 
the Nomasticoft to which I refer is that 
printed at Solesmes in 1892. Some of the 
rules, exemptions, and privileges of the 
Order are to be found in Dugdale's 
Moftasticon, v, 220 and following pages. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



353 



had a good opinion of women. See his notes on the Constitution of 
Otho, pages 38-46. On page 42 he has the following side note, 
" Mulieres decipiunt omnes et propter multa fu^enda sunt,^' On page 
43 (note k) he breaks into poetry with — 

Quid levius fumo ? flumen. Quid flumine ? ventus. 
Quid vento? mulier. Quid mulierel nihil. 

And he continues " Nam flere^ loqui^ nere^ statuit Deus in muliere,^^ 
A large amount of curious reading and information is to be met 
with in Fosbrook's British Monachism^ or Manners and Customs of the 
Monks and Nuns of England, Canon Dixon's History of the Church 
of England^ volumes i and ii, and Fuller's Church History of Britain^ 
vol. ii, may also be referred to with advantage for information about 
the suppression of the monasteries, and another interesting and useful 
work is Woman under Monasticism,*^ by Lina Eckenstein. The York 
Registers are, however, the great authority for the condition of not 
only the Monastic Orders but also of the regular clergy in the province 
of York for three centuries prior to the Reformation, and it is very 
desirable that they should be published as systematically as those of 
Exeter are being published. I fear that they will show that the 
secular clergy at any rate in the fourteenth century were quite as 
lax as the regulars, and that church discipline was also lax. I hope 
some day to print some extracts from the registers bearing on the 
church history of Dewsbury, which I think will confirm what I now 
say, but instead of printing casual extracts it is very desirable that 
the registers should be dealt with as a whole. 



THE PRIOR OF ST. OSWALD IS APPOINTED BY THE ARCH- 
BISHOP VISITOR OF KIRKESLEY WITH POWER OF 

CANONICAL COERCION. 

25th July, 1287. J(ohannes) permissione etc. Priori S. Oswaldi salutem 
fr^ciaLm et benediccionem. De vestra fidelitate plenius confidantes ad 
exercendum visitacionis^ officium in prioratu de Kirkesley quoad Prior- 



^ It seems strange that the prior of St. 
Oswald's, an Augustinian canon, should 
be appointed visitor, seeing that the visi- 
tors and also the chaplains of Cistercian 
nuns were by the statutes to be of the 
latter Order. See Ncmast, Cist,^ 389, and 
Fowler's Cist, Stat,^ pp. 41 and 42/f, and 
the privilege on p. 37 under which bishops 
and other persons are prohibited from 
going to houses of the Order for the pur- 

VOL. XVI. 



pose of celebrating Orders, dealing with 
causes, or convoking the convent. For a 
Visitation of a Cistercian House (Monas- 
tery of Thame) see the English Historical 
Review ^ iii, 704. See also the Visitations 
of the Diocese of Norwieh (Camden 
Society, New Series) and Letters Relating 
to the Suppression of the Monasteries 
(Camden Society, First Series). 



354 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 



issam et Conuentum loci ejusdem et ad corrigendum excessus sive 
defectus qui ibi emerserint cum cohercionis canonice potestate commit- 
timus vices nostras. Datum apud Sherburne viij kalendas August! 
pontificatus (anno) secundo. Registrum Johannis Romani, fol. xii b. 

Visitacio apud Chircheleyes. 

6th July, 1301. Memorandum of letter directing a visitation at 
Kirkelyes. 

Memorandum quod ij nonas Julii anno gracie Moccc® prime apud 
Bradeforde emanavit littera^ ad visitandum priorissam et conventum 
de Kirkelyes die Veneris proximo post octabas Apostolorum Petri et 
Pauli. Registrum Corbridge, fo. 11. 



LETTER FOR THE RE-ADMISSION OF ALICE RAGGID INTO 

THE CONVENT OF KIRKELEYS.* 

27th Aug., 1306. The archbishop to the prioress and convent of 
Kirkeleys. Turning our attention to the miserable state of Alice 
Raggid, your fellow nun, the bearer of these presents, who, often 



^ Nullus episcopus, etiamsi de Ordine 
nostro sit, novitios benedicere vel visita- 
tionem facere in doraibus nostris permit- 
isiiur (Nomas/. Cist., 2^2). Patres Abbates 
qui filias suas per se sive per idoneam 
personam non visitaverint per annum 
tribus diebus sint in levi culpi, una eorum 
in pane et aqui {Ibid. , 322). See also 
page 361, De Visitationibus Monialium. 
Ordo per personas Ordinis et non per 
alias visitetur (Fowler, Cist Stat., 41). It 
seems difficult to reconcile this visitation 
with the extracts from the statutes and 
privileges of the Cistercian Order which I 
here quote. There can be no doubt, how- 
ever, that the Archbishops did exercise 
the right of visitation. On the same folio 
as the above memorandum are letters of 
Visitation of Sinningthwaite and Esholt 
(Cistercian nunneries) and Arthington 
(Cluniac or Benedictine nunnery), and 
there is also a memorandum that on 
Monday after St. Barnabas Day the Arch- 
bishop personally made the corrections at 
Appleton {i.e. Nun Appleton Cistercian 
Nunnery). Mr. Brown has recently met 
with some interesting entries in Arch- 
bishop Lee's Register, of which the follow- 
ing are short notes : — 

Registrum Lee, folio ^id : i Sept., 
1 534. Order to the prioress of Basedale 
(Cistercian nunnery) to receive lady Joan 
Fletcher, the late prioress there, to 
undergo her penance. Folio 95 : 1st 
.Sept., 1534. Injunctions made to the 
nuns of Synnyngthwaite. Folio 96 : 29 
Oct., 1534. Injunctions for the priory of 
Nunapleton. Folio 99: 10 Sept., 1535. 



Injunction to the prioress of Esholt to 
punish dame Joan Hutton for immorality, 
as prescribed in the injunction. See this 
case mentioned in Gasquet's Henry VIII 
and the English Moftasteries^ i, 334. 

3 There is a Constitution of Archbishc^ 
Peckham which prohibits nuns from re- 
maining outside their cloisters, and which 
declares that those who break this edict 
are to be excommunicated. An excep- 
tion, however, was made of those who 
were compelled to beg, and the Con- 
stitution says that a nun might not be 
absent from the convent beyond three 
days for the sake of recreation, nor for 
more than six days for any other cause, 
except infirmity, unless the bishop should 
think it necessary. Maitland's Canon Law 
in the Church of Englafid, p. 27. Lynd- 
wood. Provinciate, p. 212. Nuns of the 
Cistercian Order who in the year 1256 
were cloistered were so to remain. To 
other nuns of the Order egress is for- 
bidden, unless to the abbess only with two 
nuns, or at most three, and to the cellarer 
with one, to whom jiermission to go out 
is given to transact the business of their 
houses, and for other unavoidable causes, 
with the licence, however, of the visiting 
abbot, if it can fitly be done, but honestly 
and very rarely. Fowler, Cist. Stat., 106. 
Nomast. Cist. , 466. See also the latter 
hook, 533. For form of license for a 
nun to go out of her convent sec 
Taunton's English Black Monks of St. 
Benedict I, 108", which the author has 
taken from MSS. Harl., 2179,^^. 78. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



355 



deceived by the allurements of frail flesh, in levity of mind hath 
gone from her house into the world, and hath wandered in great 
peril, having long ago put off her religious habit. In virtue of 
obedience, and under canonical penalty which those contravening 
this our mandate may, not without cause, dread, we firmly injoin 
and command you that you freely admit to the bosom of mercy 
and mercifully treat in the bowels of love the aforesaid Alice, who 
returns to you in the spirit of humility, whom we compassionate and 
would have you most deeply compassionate, so that being deprived 
of every opportunity of wandering abroad and of going anywhere where 
sinister suspicion may arise, if you shall be unwilling to admit her as 
your fellow nun or sister, yet she may be admitted among you and 
serve you as a servant (lest like a rashly-erring sheep she perish), until 
that her conversation and merits demanding it we shall ordain other- 
wise concerning her state, or else we shall send her to another house 
to abide at your expense. 

Willelmus permissione diuina Eborum Archiepiscopus Anglie Primas 

dilectis in Cristo filiabus priorisse et conventui de Kirkeleys 

salutem graciam et benediccionem. Conuertentes intuitum ad misera- 
bilem statum Alicie Raggid^ commonialis vestre latricis presencium, 
que fragilis camis pluries decepta blandiciis animi leuitate domum 
suam exiuit in seculo iam diu reiecto religionis habitu periculosius 
euagando, vobis in virtute obediencie et sub pena canonica quam 
contrauenientes huic nostro mandato poterunt non immerito formidare, 
firmitcr iniungendo mandamus quatinus prefatam Aliciam ad vos in 
humilitatis spiritu revertentem, cui compatimur et vos habetis compati 
vehementer, ad sinum misericordie benignius admittatis, et in caritatis 
visceribus misericorditer pertractetis, ut subtracta sibi facultate qualibet 
exterius euagandi, aut alicubi ubi sinistra suspicio exoriri poterit 
accedendi, si earn ut commonialem aut sororem admittere nolueritis, 
admissa tamen inter vos, ne tanquam ouis errans inconsulte pereat, 
vobis seruiat ut ancilla, donee ipsius conuersacione ac mentis depos- 
centibus de statu suo aliud duxerimus ordinandum, alioquin earn ad 
aliam domum mittemus vestris sumptibus moraturam. Datum apud 
Schirebume, yj kalendas Septembris pontificatus nostri anno primo.^ 
Registrum Grenefield, i. Slip between ff. 56 and 57. 



*■ Was Alice Raggid related to Thomas 
!e Ra^ed, formerly chief forester of the 
Earl oTSurrey, mentioned in the Hundred 
Rolls (anno 1274), vol. i, 127, and also 
freqaently mentioned in the Wakefield 
Court Rolk of 1274 and later years? 
Robert le Ragget, of Emmelay (near 
Wakefield), was a juror on the extent of 
lands of John de Sothill and John de 
Heton in 1266 ( Yorkshire InquisilianSf \^ 
p. 102). 



"See the Namast. Cw/., p. 466^- 
De inclusione, confessione et claustro 
monialium ; and pages 532-5, under the 
several heads of visitation, inclosure, 
confession, and correction of nuns. The 

i'urisdiction in all these cases appears to 
kave been in the hands of the Patres 
Abbates and the General Chapter. 



356 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



CONFIRMACIO ELECCIONIS PRIORISSE DE KIRKELEYES.* 

28th Sept., 1306. The archbishop informs the subprioress and convent 
of Kirkeleies that he has confirmed the election of the Lady Margaret 
de Claworthe as their prioress, and has committed to her the care and 
custody of the house both in spiritual and temporal matters, and they 
are to admit her as prioress and humbly obey her, &c. 

Willelmus etc. dileciis in Cristo filiabus subpriorisse et conventui de 
Kirkeleies salutem etc. Presentatam nobis eleccionem vestram per 
dominas Aliciam de Swilingtoun et Aliciam de Screvyn commoniales 
vestras de domina Margeria de Claworthe commoniale vestra in 
vestram priorissam debito examini subjecimus quam quia eciam canonice 
invenimus et concorditer celebratam duximus confirmandam eandem 
dominam Margeriam veluti circumspectam vobis et domui vestre in 
priorissam preficientes ac sibi curam et custodiam domus vestre tam in 
spiritualibus quam in temporalibus committentes. Quocirca vobis 
mandamus quatinus prefatam dominam Margeriam in vestram priorissam 
reverencius admittentes sibi humiliter pareatis in omnibus que sancte 
religionis convenerint honestati ut vestra in hac parte devocio vos 
debeat merito commendare. Bene etc. Datum apud Munketon iiij 
kalendas Octobris pontificatus nostri anno primo. Registrum Grene- 
field, i, 57 b. 

INSTALLACIO EJUSDEM. 

28th Sept., 1306. The election of the Lady Margaret de Claworthe 
as prioress having been presented to the archbishop, who after due 
examination has found it canonically and unanimously celebrated, he 
has therefore confirmed the election and committed to the Lady Margaret 
the care and custody of the house in spiritual and temporal matters, 
and he commands the archdeacon's official to assign to her as prioress 
a stall in the choir and a place in the Chapter. 

W(illelmus) etc. officiali Archidiaconi salutem etc. Presentatam nobis 
eleccionem subpriorisse et conventus domus de Kirkeleyes per dominas 
Aliciam de Swilingtoun et Aliciam de Screvyn commoniales domus 
predicte de domina Margeria de Claworthe commoniale sua in suam 
priorissam debito examini subjecimus quam quia eam canonice 
invenimus et concorditer celebratam duximus confirmandam eandem 
dominam Margeriam veluti circumspectam domui memorate in prior- 
issam preficientes ac sibi curam et custodiam domus predicte tam 
in spiritualibus quam in temporalibus committentes, quocirca vobis 
mandamus quatinus prefate domine Margerie tanquam priorisse stallum 
in choro et locum in capitulo debite assignetis. Datum ut supra 
proximo. Registrum Grenefield, i, fo. 57 b. 



* For form of consent to accept the 
office of al)l)ess see MaskelTs Motmmettta 
Ritualia^ ii, 331//, and in vol. i of the 
same work, page cxxijw, is a fragment of 
the form of creating a prioress of the 
monastery of Harking. See also Dugdale's 
Mouasticon^ i, 437. For the benediction 
of an abbess elect hy the bishop, and her 



promise of obedience, see the York Pon- 
tifical (Surtees Society), 248. Forms of 
consecration of nuns are given in the 
Monumenta Ritualia^ ii, 308, and in the 
York Pontifical, 154, 1 70, 207, and 237, 
and are well worth reading. See also the 
IVestmiustcr Missal (Henry Bradshaw 
Society), ii, 1187-1208. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 357 

CONFIRMACIO ELECCIONIS PRIORISSE DE KERKELEYS. 

loth Jany., 1307-8. The archbishop confirms the election of the lady 
Alice de Screvyn as prioress. 

W(illelmus) permissione etc. dilectis in Cristo filiabus sub- 

priorisse et conventui domus de Kirkeleys salutem etc. Presentatam 
nobis eleccionem vestram per dominas Johannam de Hetoun et 
Margaretam de Ledes commoniales vestras de domina Alicia de 
Screvyn commoniali vestra in vestram priorissam debito examini 
subjecimus quam quia eciam canonice inveniraus et concorditer cele- 
bratum duximus confirmandam eandem dominam Aliciam veluti 
circumspectam vobis et domui vestre in priorissam preficientes ac sibi 
curam et custodiam domus vestre tam in spiritualibus quam in 
temporalibus committentes. Quocirca vobis mandamus quatinus pre- 
fatam dominam Margeriam in vestram priorissam reverencius 
admittentes sibi humiliter pareatis in omnibus que sancte religionis 
convenerint honestati ut vestra in hac parte devocio vos debeat merito 
commendare. Valeatis. Datum apud Scroby iiij idus Januarii pontificatus 
nostri anno secundo. Registrum Grenefield, i, fo. 68 b. 

COMMISSIO SUPER VISITACIONE MONIALIUM DE 

KIRKELEYS. 

29th June, 1307. Commission from the archbishop to Master William 
of Beuerle and Sir Robert of Notingham to visit^ the nuns* house of 
Kirkeleys, and inquire and reform what they shall find deserving 
correction. 

Willelmus permissione diuina Eborum archiepiscopus, Anglie primas, 
dilectis filiis magistro Willelmo de Beuerle et domino Roberto de 
Notingham salutem, graciam, et benediccionem. Ad exercendum vice 
nostra visitacionis officium in domo monialium de Kirkeleys nostre 
diocesis ad inquirendum et reformandum ea que ibidem correccioni 
digna inueneritis, vobis cum potestate cohercionis canonice committimus 
vices nostras priorisse et conventui loci eiusdem in virtute obediencie 
iniungentes, vt vobis in premissis et ea contingentibus humiliter pareant 
et intendant. Valeatis. Datum apud Wodekirk' iij kalendas Julii 
anno gracie millesimo ccc° septimo et pontificatus nostri secundo. 
Registrum Grenefield, i, fol. 64 b. 

DE AUDIENDO CONFESSIONEM MONIALIUM DE KIRKELIES. 

The Archbishop appoints the vicar of Hoderesfeld to hear the 
confessions of the nuns of Kirkeleyes. 

Memorandum quod eisdem die et loco (iij kalendas Octobris anno 
gracie M°ccc°° nono, et pontificatus Domini Willelmi Eborum, etc. 
archiepiscopi etc. quarto, 29th Sept. 1309), Dominus deputavit vicarium 

1 See note, page 353. 



358 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



ecclesie de Hoderesfeld ad audiendum confessiones* monialium dc 
Kirkeleyes dum sibi placuerit super quo habuit litteram Domini. 
Registrum Grenefield, i, fol. 75. 



REMISSIO DOMINE ELIZABETHE DE HOPTON* AD DOMUM 

DE KYRKELYES. 

nth Sept., 1313. The archbishop hath absolved Elizabeth de Hopton, 
nun of Kirkelyes, from the sentence of greater excommunication which 
she had incurred for apostacy and rash change of her habit, and 
she is to be admitted according to the discipline of the order, and 
she is to be at Kirkelyes on or before the feast of St. Michael 
then next under pain of a return of her sentence. 

Memorandum quod iij idus Septembris (13 13) apud Munketon prope 
Rypon* dominus absoluit dominam Elizabeth de Hopton monialem de 
Kirkelyes a sentencia^ excommunicacionis maioris quam incurrerat pro 
apostasia et temeraria' habitus sui mutacionc, et mandavit earn per 
litteras suas quod admittant eam cum ibidem veniret iuxta ordinis 
disciplinam, et iniunctum est ei sub pena retrusionis in dictam 
sentenciam quod apud Kirkelyes accedat cum dictis litteris citra 
festum Sancti Michaelis proximo tunc sequens uel saltern in dicto 
festo. Registrum Grenefield, ii, fol. 68 b. 



* In the Nojtiast. Cist.j p. 467, it is 
provided that abbesses are not to dare to 
receive the confessions of the nuns, who 
are to confess through a window conve- 
niently arranged for the purpose, except 
those who arc very infirm, and except in 
the case of the visitors, with whom they 
may speak of confession in the chapter, 
and they are to confess to no one but the 
father abbot, or some one appointed by 
him in his place, especially since, by the 
privilege of the lord the Pope (Innocent 
IV ; see Fowler, Cist. Stai.y 41), there is 
an inhibition that no one shall interfere 
with their confessions or absolutions, 
except with the special licence of the 
father abbot. See also Fowler's Cist. 
Stat., 41, where it is stated that Pope 
Alexander IV confirmed the indulgence 
of Pope Innocent IV, that persons of the 
Cistercian Order are not to confess to 
one of another religious order (alicui 
alterius religionis), or to a secular priest, 
without their abbot's special licence. 

^ By greater excommunication an 
oflender was cut off from all communica- 
tion with the Church or its members. By 
the lesser he was deprived of the right to 
participate in the sacraments. Sec Fowler, 
Cist. Stat., 37;/, 44, and 54. For the 
form of excommunication of a sacrilegious 
person (excommunicatio in alic^uem sac- 



rilegum ferenda) see MaskelPs Afonu- 
nunta Kitualia, i, 226, and this is 
followed by the form of absolution of a 
penitent and the remission of his sentence 
of excommunication. The same work 
(ii, 286) has the form of the greater ex- 
communication. Reference may also be 
made to the York Manual (Surlecs 
Society), page 119; De Anathemate, 122; 
De Excommunicatione, and form of 
cursing in Latin, 86*. Articles of the 
general greater excommunication in the 
mother tongue, followed by the form of 
cursing on page 93*, which is followed by 
the form 01 absolution. See also the rules 
as to excommunication in the rule of St. 
Benedict, a translation of which will be 
found in a very useful book, Select His- 
torical Documents of the Middle Ages, 
translated and edited by E. F. Henderson, 
and published in 1892 byCi. Bell & Sons. 
As to the position of an cxcommuniaited 
person sec Pollock & Maitland, History 
of English Law, i, 461 ; also Reeves, 
History of English Law, i, 446, and iii, 

67. . 

3 There arc'many statutes and privileges 

in the Noma st icon Cist. , and in Fowler's 

Cist. Stat., relating to apostacy, fugitives, 

and change of habit, and all show that 

the jurisdiction in such cases was rescrveti 

to the Order. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



359 



MONICIO FACIENDA PER PRIORISSAM DE KIRKELEYES 

MONIALIBUS DOMUS ET ALUS. 

loth Oct., 13 15. The archbishop having heard that there are 
scandalous reports in circulation about the nuns of Kirkeleis, and 
especially about Elizabeth de Hopton, Alice le Raggede and Joan de 
Heton, that they admit both clergy and laymen too often into secret 
places of the monastery and have^ private talks with them, from which 
there is suspicion of sin, and great scandal arises; he commands the 
prioress to admonish the nuns and especially those above named that 
they are to admit no one, whether religious or secular, clerk or 
layman, unless in a public place and in the presence of the prioress 
or subprioress, or of two others of the ladies. The archbishop also 
forbids the religious and secular persons, concerning whom the afore- 
said scandal and suspicion have arisen, from presuming to approach 
the said ladies or any of them under penalty of the greater 
excommunication. Johanna de Wakefelde, **your fellow nun,*' is also 
admonished to quit the chamber which she inhabits contrary to the 
proper credit of religion, and to follow the convent assiduously as 
well in choir, cloister, refectory and dormitory as in other fit places 
and times. Any rebellious or misbehaving nuns are to be punished 
according to the discipline of the Order. The names of those who 
shall refuse to admit the discipline and castigation of the prioress 
are to be sent by her to the archbishop by letter under "your 
common seal." 

Willelmus etc. dilecte in Cristo filie priorisse de Kirkeleis 

salutem graciam et benediccioncm. Fama publica accepimus referente 
quod nonnuUe domine moniales eiusdem domus et precipue domine 
Elizabet de Hopton* Alicia le Raggede et Johanna de Heton* tam 
religiosos viros quam seculares in locis eiusdem monasterii secretis 
nimium et suspectis sepius admittunt secreta habendo colloquia cum 
eisdem Ex quibus sinistra peccati exoritur suspicio et grave scandalum 
in populo generatur ac religio eiusdem detrahitur honestati. Volentes 
igitur talibus periculis remediis quibus possumus obuiare vobis in 
virtute obediencie firmiter iniungendo mandamus quatenus omnes et 
singulas moniales dicte domus et specialiter superius nominatas 
moneatis vice nostra et efficaciter inducatis quod de cetero neminem 
religiosum vel secularem clericum aut laicum de quibus vel de quo 
sinistra suspicio peccati haberi possit taliter admittant vel cum eisdem 



* No nun was to converse with any 
one except by a window, well and closely 
barred or latticed. They might however 
talk with good and honest persons at a 
fitting place and time. But with outsiders, 
unless their own fathers, brothers, or near 
relatives, they were to have no private 
convei-sations, except in the presence and 
hearing of the abbess or her locum tenens^ 
and in a place appointed for the purpose. 
Anyone doing otherwise was to be de- 



prived of her habit. None but visitors 
were to enter the inclosure, unless it 
might be some reverend and honest per- 
son, to whom entrance could not be 
denied without blame and scandal. Boys 
were not to be taught or fed in nunneries, 
nor girls in secular attire (NomasL Ctst.^ 
467). For a sketch of life in a nunnery 
see Langland's Purs the Plowman (Claren- 
don Press, 1886), i, 140-3. 



3(50 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



nisi in ^publico loco et in presencia vestra vel subpriorisse aut duarum 
aliarum dominarum aliqualiter fabulentur sub pena districcionis 
canonice quam contra facientes de quorum {stc) nominibus quociens- 
cumque contrafecerint per vos certificari volumus et mandamus poterunt 
non inmerito formidare. Inhibeatis eciam vice et auctoritate nostra 
omnibus et singulis tam religiosis quam secularibus de quibus 
scandalum ut premittitur vel sinistra suspicio habeatur ne suspectos 
accessus decetero habere presumant ad dictas dominas vel ipsanim 
aliquam sub pena excommunicacionis maioris quam in contrafacientes 

una cum aliis penis iuxta ipsorum demerita exigente iusticia 

curabimus excercere. Moneatis insuper dominam Johannam de Wake- 
felde commonialem vestram quod illam cameram quam mode inhabitat 
contra debitam honestatem religionis predicte solitarie commorando 
omnino dimittat et sequatur conuentum assidue tam in chore claustro 
refectorio et dormitorio quam in ceteris locis et temporibus oportunis 
prout religionis conuenit honestati. Ipsara nichilominus dominam 
Johannam et ceteras moniales quascunque contra debitum religionis 
si quas inobedientes inueneritis aut rebelles vel eciam inhoneste 
conuersantes iuxta regularem ordinis disciplinam debite puniendo. Et 
cum opus fuerit de nominibus earundem que disciplinam vestram et 
castigacionem admittere noluerint ut rebelles nobis per vestras litteras 
oportune {stc) tempore constare facialis sigillo vestro communi signatas. 
Valeatis. Datum apud Munketon prope Ripon' x*"** die Octobris 
pontificatus nostri anno decimo (13 15). Registrum Grenefield, ii, foL 89 b. 



PENITENCIAi DOMINE JOHANNE DE HETON*, MONIALIS DE 

KIRKELEYS. 

• 

loth Oct., 13 15. Penance of Joan de Heton, nun of Kirklees, 
judicially convicted before the archbishop of the crime of incest with 
Richard de Lathe and Sir Michael called Scot a priest, *' and by us 



* The forms of consecration of nuns 
referred to in a previous note should be 
read in connection with this case and 
that of Alice Tragged (or Ragged) which 
follows. The following are extracts from 
the form of consecration of virgins ( Vor/: 
Pontifical^ p. 237) : — 
AJter the virgins have covie to the entrance 
of the choir and made gtntiflections^ 
the bishop says : — 

Come ye then yn the name of God, 
and I shall shew yow of the merciful! and 
infinite goodnes of our Savyo' God. 
Virginrs ad cpiscopnm. 

Now wc come w^ all harte and mind, 
w* all reverens, feare and dred, w' all 
honor, love, and servys that we may or 
can think, shew or do unto oure moste 
merciful Savyo"" Jcsu Criste, whoos most 
blissid face and vysagc wc desyo*^ above 
all things yn this worldc to see and 



beholde ; most humbly besechyng hym of 
hys infynyte goodnes and mercy to gyve 
us grace and perseverance of this godly 
purpose and hevynly desyo*^ that we be 
yn, and during o' lyvys gracyously to 
conscivc and kepe us his true hand 
maydyns, virgins and spousessis, accord- 
yng unto hys most gracyous and mercy- 
full pleasure. 

After a short prayer and an exhortation 
by the bishop, he says : — 

Wyll yow, holy virgyns, contynew and 
persever yn the godly purpose of kepyng 
this holy virgynite. 
\ 'irgines ad cpiscopnm. 

Reverend fader, we will. 
Episcopns ad virgines. 

Wyll ye, virgyns, take upon yow to be 
blessyd and to be consecrate, and to be 
despousyd and spiritually maryed to o"' 
Savyo"^ Jcsu Criste. 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 361 

absolved therefrom.'* The penance is to be performed according to 
the regular discipline of the Order, and nothing is to be relaxed 
without the archbishop's mandate and special licence. Joan is to 
follow the convent in choir, cloister, refectory and dormitory, and not to 
go outside the monastery. She is not to be put in any office and is 
not to talk to any man, either secular or religious, unless in the 
presence of the prioress or subprioress. She is not to receive or send 
letters, but is continually to pray for divine indulgence, lamenting her 
sins and asking for pardon in the same monastery, until the arch- 
bishop shall think fit to give other directions concerning her. 

Willeimus etc. dilectis in Cristo fili[abus] priorisse et 

conuentui de Kirkeleys nostre diocesis salutem graciam et benediccionem. 
Dominam Johannam de Heton* commonialem vestram super crimine 
incestus cum Ricardo del Lathe et domino Michaele dicto Scot 
presbitero coram nobis judicialiter convictam et per nos inde abso- 
lutam ad vos duximus remittendam ad penitenciam suam peragendam 
juxta regularem vestri ordinis disciplinam, mandantes vobis et in 
virtute obediencie firmiter iniungentes quatinus ipsam sic admittentes 
penitenciam pro tam gravibus excessibus et enormibus juxta regulam 
vestri ordinis eidem debitam per omnia facere compellatis ac eciam 
adimplere. De eadem penitencia nichil eidem penitus relaxantes 
absque nostro mandato et licencia speciali. Volumus insuper quod 
ultima semper de conventu existens ipsum conventum sequatur continue 
in choro claustro refectorio et dormitorio septa monasterii non exeat 
nee in aliquo ponatur officio, cum nullo seculari vel religioso loquatur 
nisi in presencia priorisse vel eciam subpriorisse, litteras a quocumque 
nequaquam recipiat vel cuicumque emittat set diuino obsequio jugiter 
insistat et peccata sua defleat a divina clemencia in eodem monasterio 
veniam postulando, donee de statu suo aliud duxerimus ordinandum. 
Valeatis. Datum apud Munketon' prope Ripon' x die Octobris anno 
gracie Moccc"'* xv™<» et poniificatus nostri decimo. (Registrum Grenefield, 
ii, fol. 89 b.) 

QUOD DOMINA ALICIA TRAGGED {sic), MONIALIS DE 
KIRKELEYES RECIPIATUR IN DOMUM AD PENITENCIAM 

PERAGENDAM. 

5th Nov., 13 15. The prioress and convent are to receive Alice le 
Tragged, their fellow nun, who on her own confession before the 
archbishop has been convicted of incontinence with William de Heton 
of Mirfield, to perform her penitence in the house (Kirklees) according 
to the regular observances, and nothing is to be remitted without 
the archbishop's special licence. 

Virgines ad episcopum. Response, Reverend fader, we promysse, 

We will, and moste humbly desyo' the and shall vowe to kepc and obsenre the 

same. same. 

The bishop then asks : — Then follow the vows of obedience, 

Will ye promysse and vowe to kepe poverty, clean living, &c., and the solemn 

perpetuall chastyte and virgynyte durynge profession of each sister, followed by the 

yo' lyffe. espousals and the anathema. 



362 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL, 

Memorandum quod Nonis Nouembris [13 15] apud Cawode scriptum 

fuit priorisse et conuentui de Kirkelyes quod dominam Aliciam 

le Tragged (? Ragged) commonialem suam super vicio incontinencie 
cum Willelmo de Heton' de Mirfeld' coram nobis ex confessione sua 
conuictam reciperent ad penitenciam suam in dicta domo secundum 
obseruancias regulares peragendam et nichil ei remittetur sine domini 
Archiepiscopi licencia speciali. (Registrum Grenefield, ii, fol. 90.) 

COMMISSIO FACTA DOMINO ROGERO DE SAXTON. AD 
MINISTRANDUM IN BONIS PRIORISSE ET' CONUENTUS DE 

KIRKELYES. 

24th March, 13 16-17. Commission from the archbishop to Roger de 
Saxton, rector of Aberford, to administer the temporalities of the prioress 
and convent of Kirklees, to receive and hear accounts, to dismiss and 
appoint servants and ministers, and to do all other things which he 
may think for the advantage of the house. 

Willelmus permissione etc. dilecto in Cristo filio domino Rogero de 
Saxton' rectori ecclesie de Aberford' nostre dyocesis salutem graciam 
et benediccionem. De tua industria confidentes ad curandum custodi- 
endum et administrandum in bonis temporalibus dilectarum religiosarum 
dominarum priorisse et conventus de Kirkelyes nostre dyocesis predicte 
per singula maneria et loca sua vbilibet existentibus et ad recipiendum 
et audiendum compotum seriuentium et ministrorum quorumlibet minis- 
trancium in eisdem et ad allocandum ea que racionabiliter fiierint 
allocanda nccnon ad amovendum ministros et seruientes quoscumque 
inutiles et loco eorum alios magis utiles subrogandum et ad omnia 
alia et singula faciendum que ad utilitatem domus predicte videritis 
expedire tibi tenore presencium tribuimus potestatem pro nostro 
beneplacito duratam predictis priorisse et conuentui sororibus eciam 
et conuersis domus eiusdem in virtute sancte obediencie firmiter 
iniungentes quod te in premissis omnibus et singulis libere administrare 
permittant. Vale. Datum apud Thorpe prope Ebor. nono kalendas 
Aprilis Anno Domini millcsimo treccntesimo septimo decimo et 
pontificatus nostri primo. (Registrum Melton, fol. 125 b.) 

PRO MORA DOMINE AGNETIS DK SWYSTANE MONIALIS DE 

KIRKLEY APUD HANPOLE. 

23rd Oct. 1323. The prioress and convent of Hanpole are at the 
request of Master Alan de Conyngesburghe to allow Agnes de Swystane, 
nun of Kirkley, to stay with them for some lime for the relief of the 
house of Kirkley according to the regular observance. 

Memorandum quod x Kalendas Nouembris anno proximo supradicto 
(1323) scriptum fuit priorisse et conuentui de Hanpole quod domina 
Agnes de Swystane monialis domus de Kirkley posset per aliquod 
tempus inibi morari ad rcleuamen dicte domus de Kirkley iuxia 
regularcm obscrvanciam. Et hoc fuit ad rogatum magistri Alani de 
Conyngesburghe. (Registrum Melton, fol. 160 b.) 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 363 

LITTERA PRO PENITENCIAi MARGARETE DE BURTON' 

MONIALI {sic) DE KIRKELEGHES. 

26th July, 1337. Letter from the archbishop to the prioress and 
convent of Kirkeleghes, stating that Margaret de Burton, their fellow 
nun, having acknowledged with tears and sighs that she, being tempted 
by the insidious persuasions of the enemy of mankind, had lately left 
her house (the convent) and so returned without licence into the world, 
and had wandered for a long time in great danger from bodily 
temptations, but then she a sinner sought to return to her house and 
to undergo due penance for her faults according to the discipline of 
her glorious order; and the archbishop feeling compassion for her 
and wishing to bring her back like a wandering sheep on the 
shoulders of pastoral solicitude to the Lord's flock, he ordered that 
if the said Margaret should come to the monastery and devoutly 
prostrating herself before the gates should seek to be admitted and to 
undergo the prepared penance in a humble spirit, then she was to 
be admitted and to suffer whatever kind of penance ought to be 
inflicted on her according to the discipline of her order. And nothing 
was to be remitted until she had shown true signs of worthy penitence 
and without the archbishop's mandate. 

Willelmus etc. dilectis filiabus priorisse et conuentui domus 

de Kirkeleghs nostre diocesis salutem graciam et benediccionem. Sua 
nobis peticione domina Margareta de Burton' commonialis vestra 
lacrimis et suspiris {sic) indicauit quod ipsam dudum hostis human i 
generis insidiis suadentibus domum suam exiuit et sic recessit licencia 
non obtenta in seculo aliquandiu euagans carnis iilecebris periculose 
intenta vitam suam interim duxit quod dolenter referimus nimium 
dissolutam set sancti spiritus superueniente clemencia ipsa peccatrix ad 
cor reuersa petit se ad domum suam tanquam vero penitentem paratam 
pro tantis excessibus suis debitam penitenciam humiliter subire secundum 
sui ordinis disciplinam gloriose admitti et sibi fieri cum affeccione 
tamen sororia quod huiusmodi sui ordinis regula exigit et requirit. Nos 
vero Saluatoris nostri vtinam vestigiis inherentes pia gestans vicera 
{viscera) super ipsa peccatrice compassionis spiritu ipsius miseriis 
spiritualiter afflicti volentes eciam eandem velut ouem errantem in 
humeris pastoralis solicitudinis ad gregem dominicum per eius graciam 
reducere sicut precupimus ad ipsius salutarem anime medicinam vobis 
mandamus firmiter iniungentes quatinus si dicta domina Margareta ad 
vestrum accesserit monasterium et coram ianuis denote procumbens 
petierit se admitti ad domum suam predictam paratam penitenciam 
quamcumque debitam in humili spiritu sustinere, tunc ipsam ad suum 

^ See note to the penance of Joan Heton, page 360, afUe, 



364 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



admittatis monasterium eidem infligentes quicquid penitencie sibi 
secundum dicti sui ordinis disciplinam pro tot suis dementis infiigendum 
nichil sibi inde remittentes quousque per digne penitencie sue vera 
indicia eandem penitenciam duxerimus moderandam et aliud nobis inde 
habueritis in mandatis. Valeatis. Datum apud Cawode vij kalendas 
Augusti anno Domini millesimo ccc*"° tricesimo septimo et pontificatus 
nostri vicesimo. (Registrum Melton, fo. 213 b.) 

PREFECCIO PRIORISSE DE KIRKLIGHES. 

loth May, 1350. Appointment of the lady Margaret de Seyville as 
prioress of Kirklighes. Administration of the spiritualities and tempo- 
ralities of the house being committed to her. The official of the 
archdeacon of York was directed to install her in the accustomed form. 

Memorandum quod x die mensis Maii A.D. M^ccc™** quinquagesimo 
domina Margareta de Seyville prefecta* fuit in priorissam domus 
monialium de Kirklighes et administracio in spiritualibus et temporalibus 
dicte domus sibi commissa et eodem die scriptum fuit officiali archi- 
diaconi nostri Ebor. ad installandum prefatam Margaretam^ in forma 
consueta. Apud Ripon coram magistro de Burton cancellario venerabilis 
patris etc. (Registrum Zouche, fol. 48.) 

CONFIRMATION OF THE ELECTION OF JOAN STANSFELD AS 

PRIORESS. 
Confirmation by John Reynald, LL.B., commissary of the archbishop, 

of the election lately made in the Chapter house of the house or priory 
of the nuns of Kirkleghes of the Order of St. Barnard, York diocese, 
on the vacancy caused by the death of Lady Cecilia Hik, the last 
prioress, of Lady Joan Stansfeld as prioress, being a woman of prudence 
and discretion, of free birth and born of a lawful marriage, sufficiently 
well-read, of good morals, praiseworthy life and conversation, circum- 
spect in both spiritual and temporal things, and very notable for other 
excellent gifts. '' Aluiiere ;provida et discrcta libera et de legitimo 
matrimonio procreata m etate legitima constituta litterarum scientia 
sufficienter itisignita morum honestate et vita laudabilique conversa- 
done commendata in spiritualibus ct temporalibus circumspecta ac 
aliis virtutum donis multipiicitcr insignita. This confirmation has 
no date, but the next preceding entry is dated 4th June, 1491, and the 
one next following is dated i8th March, 1492. 



*By a privilege of Pope llonorius 
(Fowler, Cist. Stat.^ 39), aichhishops and 
bishops were strictly inhibited from inter- 
fering in the election of abbots, either by 
incjuiring into the mo<le of election or 
examining into the life, learning, or 
morals of the elected persons, and they 
were in no way to presume to confirm the 
election, or to seek to present those 
clectetl to their chapters. And the arch- 
deacons were to have no right or pt:)wer 
of installation. Anything contrary to the 
aforesaid inhibition was to be void. 



■^ I am indebted to Sir G. J. Armytage 
for the following : — Margareltade Sa)'vill 
priorissa de Kirklees in anno vicesimo 
sccundo Edri tertii concessit Thomo? 
Allen de Wakefield corrodium in domo 
de Kirklees pro termino vit;e. Test : 
Thoma Fleming, Willmo Mirfeld, Joti. 
de Sayvill, Rico de llartisheved, Racto 
de Topeley et aliis. (Hari. A/SS., 4630, 
fo: 517.) 



KIRKLEES PRIORY. 



365 



Doraine Johanne Stansfelde, Obediencia. In the name of God, 
Amen. I dame Johne Stansfeld chosyn and confirmed p*orisse of 
Kirkleghes of thordo^ of Saynte Barnarde of York dioc : shalbe true and 
obedient to the moste reuerende fadir in God Thomas, by the graice of 
God Archebisshop of York, primate of England and legate of the Courte 
of Rome and to his successors lawfuUie entring and to their officers 
and ministres in all man^ of lawfuU commaundraentes. So God me 
helpe and thies eu'ngelistes. (Register Rotherham, part i, fo. 132.) 



CONFIRMATION OF THE ELECTION OF MARGARET TARLTON 

AS PRIORESS. 

Confirmation by Thomas Yongsrayth,^ dean of the deanery of 
Pontefract, commissary of the archbishop," of the election of Margaret 
Tarlton on the death of lady Joan Stansfeld, the last prioress to the 
office of prioress of Kirkeleghes. Done in the choir of the conventual 
church of the said house 24th April, 1499. {Ibid.y part i, fo. 138.) 

Obediencia dicte priorisse. 
In the name of God, Amen. I, dam Margarete Tarlton, electe and 
confirmed in to priorisse of the house of Kirkleghes of saynte Barnard 
ordour of the dioces of Yorke shalbe true and obedient to the most 
Reuerende fEadir in God Thomas, by the grace of God Archbisshope of 
Yorke, primate of Englande and legate of the courte of Rome and to 
his successours lawfiill entryng and to his and their officers in all 
lawfull commaundmentes. So God me helpe and thies holy euangelisties. 
{Ibid., 138 b.)» 

WILL OF JOHN WALKER, CHAPLAIN OF KIRKLEES. 

In Dei nomine Amen, xij die mensis Februarii anno domini mittmo 
cccc"® xxvj*°. Ego Johannes Walker, capellanus de Kyrkleyse compos 
et sane mentis condo testamentum meum in hunc modum. In primis 
lego animam meam omnipotenti Deo, beate Marie, et omnibus Sanctis 
eius. Item lego corpus meum ecclesiastice sepulture in cancello de 
K3Tkelyse. Item lego quoddam {blank) meum mortuarium. Item lego 



' Thomas Yongsmyth was vicar of 
Dewsbury. He was instituted on the 
resignation of Master John Gourle, the 
last vicar, on the presentation of Master 
Henry Sharp, dean of the college of St. 
Stephen, within the royal palace of 
Westminster, cum oture continue et per- 
sonalis resicUncie fuxta formam comtitu- 
tumum dominorum Othonis et Othoboni 
guandam Sedis Apostoliee in Anglia 
legatorumy and subject to an annual 
pension of £\o to Mr. John Gourle. 

^ The qualifications of the new prioress 
are set out in terms almost word for word 
like those attributed to the lady Joan 
Stansfeld on the confirmation of her 
election. 



^ For the present at any rate no more 
information is forthcoming about the 
prioresses, but I am not without hope 
that as opportunity serves for further 
searches in the York Registers some 
of the gaps may be filled up. Let 
us hope that not^%-ithstanding the 
frailties here disclosed both prioresses 
and nuns are sleeping peacefully in their 
last resting-place at Kirklees, and that 
not in vain was said for them the beautiful 
prayer in the Missa pro Defunctis: — 
" Requiem aternam dona eiSy Domine^ et 
lux perpetua lucecU eis cum Scmctis Tuis 
in atemum^ quia pius es" 



366 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCHJEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



fabrice pontis de Cowford x marcas. Item le^o Johanni fratri meo 
unum lectum et blodium pannum sufficientem pro toga. Item lego j 
lectum monialibus de Kyrkleyse. Item lego domino Richardo Lobbes- 
heued, capellano, unam viridem togam et blodium capucium. Item lego 
domino Henrico Stephenson, capellano, quamdam blodiam togam. Item 
lego Richardo Walker viij^ Item lego Johanne filie firatris mei xiij* 
iiijd. Item lego Willelmo filio firatis mei parvam archam. Item lego 
Henrico filio fratris mei j peluem* cum lauacro.* Item lego Johanne 
Scott xls et unum lectum et omnia instauramenta domus, viz., erea,* 

lignea et ^ Item lego residuum omnium bonorum meorum non 

legatorum Johanni fratri meo quem constituto executorem meum ut 
disponat et ordinet pro salute anime (?mee) prout sibi melius videbitur 
disponere. Hiis testibus Thoma Walker et Thomas Gefson. 

xxvj die mensis Marcii anno domini mitto cccc"*° xxvij<» probatum fiiit 
testamentum et committitur administracio executori in eodem testamento 
nominato in forma juris jurato. (Reg. Test., ii, 508 b.) 



TESTAMENTUM JOHANNIS WOLEWROWE, NUPER DE 

KIRKELETHES, DEFUNCTI. 

In Domini Jesu nomine Amen. Undecimo die mensis Marcii anno 
millesimo cccc™** octogesimo sexto Ego Johannes Wolewrowe de Kirk- 
lethes compos mentis et sane memorie condo testamentum meum in 
hunc modum. In primo do et lego animam meam Deo omnipotent! 
beate Marie Virgini et omnibus Sanctis ejus corpusque meum ad 
sepeliendum in capella Sancti Petri de Herteshede. Et lego optimum 
meum animal nomine mortuarii mei prout moris est. Item lego versus 
structuram canopii* capelle predicte viij**. Item lego summo altari 
eiusdem pro decimis meis oblitis iiij<*. Item lego Cecilie Hyk priorisse 
monasterii de Kirklethes x*. Et lego cuilibet sorori ejusdem monasterii 
iijs iiijd. Item lego Cissote sorori mee x**. Item Jacobo Lilee vj* viij**. 
Item Johanni Hyk servienti meo xij^. Item lego fabrice campanilis* 
monasterii predicti xx**. Residuum omnium bonorum meorum supra non 
datorum neque legatorum debitisque meis persolutis do et lego Richardo 
Flayer et Thome Steide quos ordino et constituto meos veros executores 
ut ipsi ea bene et fideliter disponant pro anime mee salute prout sibi 
melius videbitur expedire per supervisum Jacobi Stanesfeld generosi et 



* Pelvis, a bason. Lavacrum, an ewer. 

^ Should be enea, i.e. brazen. 

^ This word looks like c^cagies, i.e. 
ccrcagies, which I cannot translate. Has 
it something to do with wax ? Ceragium 
or ccratimn is wax scot. See Du Cange, 
and Spel man's Glossary. 

* Canopium, conopeum, a canopy sus- 
pended over the altar. Du Cange. For 
examples of canopies see Alcuin Club 
Tracts, No. I. The Ornatnenis of the 
Rubric, by J. T. Micklethwaile, F.S.A., 
page 25. For illustrations of altars, some 



with canopies, see another publication of 
the Alcuin Club, ''English Aiiars,'' 
with notes by W. H. St. John Hope, 
M.A. There are several canopies men- 
tioned in '^ English Church Furniture,^'* 
by E. Peacock, F.S.A. 

^ " Let not stone towers be built for the 
bells, nor wooden ones of immoderate 
height, which do not become the simpli- 
city of the Order " (Institutiones Capituli 
Generalis Cisterciensis, 1240 and 1256, 
Distinctio Prima, ii, printed on page 287 
of the Nomast. C/V/.). See also Fowler, 
Cist, Stat.^ 18. 



KTRKLEES PRIORY. 



867 



Thome Beamont quos ordino meos fideles supervisores de et in 
premissis fideliter disponendis. In cujus rei &c. Hiis tcstibus Roberto 
Kepas,* capellano, Georgio Raner, capellano capelle de Herteshede 
predicta et aliis. 

Proved 22** March, 1486-7, before the perpetual vicar of the parish 
church of Huddresfeld by virtue of a commission made to him in that 
behalf. (Reg. Test., v, fo. 302.) 



TESTAMENTUM ROBERTI ANLEY, CAPELLANI DE 

HARTISHEDE, DEFUNCTI. 

In the name of god. Amen. The xxiiij*^ daie of Octobre, in the yeare of 
our lord god mv<=xxxvj**», I, Sir Robert Anley, being in hole mynd and 
good will, makes my testamente and laste will in maner and forme 
foloinge, that is to saie. Fyrste I bequeathe and gif my saule to God 
Almyghtye, to oure ladie sancte Marie, and to all the sanctes in heven, 
and my bodie to bee buryed in the churche yearde of Sancte Petre in 
Hartyshede. Item I bequeathe to the churche worke yj s. viij d. Item 
to the prioresse of Kirkleghes and the convente xx s. to bee prayde for. 
Item I bequeathe to Elene my suster my blacke gowne. Item I 
bequeathe to Agnes my suster a marble** gowne. Item to Eliz. my 
suster a blacke gowne. Item I bequeathe to Richard Anley my god 
sone tenne sheipe. Resydew qf my sheipe wiche is in my broder John 
kepyng I bequeath to John my brodre and Gilberte hys sone. Item I 
bequeath to Sir John Brokebanke my beste bonet and iij s. iiij d. to 
praye for me. Item to Johan my broder wife my better mattress. Item 
I bequeathe to maistress Stansfelde a maire, a fillie, a stagge, and viij 
sheipe. Item my violet gowne, a paire of lynnon sheites, ij pillowes 
and iij stone of woule. Item xx s. of money and a swarae (swarm) of 
bees. Item to Sir John Trenchemyer a paire of hoise clothe. Item to 
Sir John Symondson a paire of russet hoise clothe. Item to Laurence 
hyrste a paire of hoise. Item to Sir John Trenchemyer ij half 
portesyes.* Item to William Fletcher a jacket. Resydew of all my 
goodes nether given nor bequeathed, my funerall expenses meide, I gif 
and bequeathe unto Sir John Richardson and to Sir John Trenchmyer, 
whome I make my executors, to dispose for my saule. Theis being 
witnesses, Rychard Rayner, Rauf Blackbume, and Lawrence Hyrste, with 
oder moo. Proved 31 Jan., 1536-7, by Sirs John Rychardson and Johan 
Trenchemyre, executors. (Reg. Test., xi, 216 b.) 



^ It will be remembered that this was 
the surname of the last prioress of 
Kirklees. He probably was Vicar of 
Mirfield in 1507, for amongst the Kirk- 
lees Muniments is an indenture (No. 161) 
between Sir William Mirfield, knight, 
and Sir Robert Kyppas, vicar of Mirfield, 
agreeing for the marriage of Adam 
Stokkes to Janet Kyppas, daughter of 
I'homas Kyppas. This deed is dated 
22 Oct, 23 Henry VII (1507). Robert 



Kypas is also described as Vicar of Mir- 
field in another deed (No. 162), dated 
4 Nov., 23 Henry VII, to which Adam 
Stokkes and Joan his wife, daughter of 
Thomas Kypas, are parties. 

^ Marble, i,e, of several colours, so 
woven as to look like marble. See South 
Kensington Museum Handbook of Textile 
Fabrics^ by the Very Rev. Daniel Rock, 
page 76-7. 

^ Service books ; portable breviaries. 



368 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

It now only remains to be said that Sir George J. Armytage had 
excavations made on the site of the priory in the year 1863, when 
pavements, foundations of buildings, &c., were discovered, and marked 
on a plan. It was hoped that, with the help of this plan, and of the 
old buildings still remaining, and of the Survey previously referred to, 
it would have been possible to prepare a plan to accompany this 
paper, which, although to some extent conjectural, would be ^drly 
reliable, and would give a general idea of the position of the priory 
buildings. Sir George has been working at the plan for some time 
past, but has been unable to complete it in time for publication with 
this paper. It may, however, be possible to issue it with the next 
part of the Journal^ together with a reprint of the Survey, with 
notes thereon. 



ON SOME PARDONS OR INDULGENCES 
PRESERVED IN YORKSHIRE, 1412-1527. 



I. Indulgence, granted to Sir Nicholas Fitzhugh, by the Trinitarian 

Order of St. Robert by Knaresborough, for the Redemption of 
Captives, 14 12. (A MS. belonging to Rev. C. S. Slingsby, 
Scriven Park, Knaresborough.) 

II. Letters of Fraternity, gcanted to Reginald Brown, by the 

Franciscans of York, 1479. (A MS. belonging to Rev. C. S. 
Slingsby.) 

III. Letters of Fraternity, granted to Robert Plumpton, by the 

Trinitarians of St. Robert by Knaresborough, 1480. (A MS. 
belonging to the Rev. C. S. Slingsby.) 

IV. Indulgence, granted to John and Margaret Nethgate, by the 

Trinitarians of St. Robert by Knaresborough, 1501. (A MS. 
belonging to John Lister, Esq., Shibden Hall, Halifax.) 

V. I^etters of Fraternity, granted to Richard and Halisoun Comay, 

by the Trinitarians of St. Robert by Knaresborough, 1527. 
(A printed copy, belonging to the Rev. C. S. Slingsby.) 



Edited (with a Translation) by the Rev. CHR. WORDSWORTH, M.A., 

Rector of St. Peter and St. Paul's, Marlborough, 
Prebendary of Lincoln. 



In January of the present year the publication (in the Nineteenth 
Century and After) of a * Remission ' or * Ablass ' granted by the present 
Pope some years ago to a man of European reputation, brought to 
the notice of many of us the existence at the present day of some 
form of the Indulgence which was current in mediaeval times. 

The remission granted to Josef Mayr of Oberammergau, about the 
time when he was for the last occasion undertaking the dramatic 
impersonation of the ChristuSy was (as is usual in the indulgences 
published in Rome itself J expressed in the form of a concession and 

VOL. XVI. z 



370 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

benediction appended to a formal letter of petition [suppUca) from 
the grantee, to the following effect : — 

" Most blessed Father, 

^^ {Josef Mayr\ prostrate at the feet of your Holiness, 
most humbly requests the Apostolic Benediction with the Plenary 

Indulgence in articulo mortis^ for h(i>«)self and for {C.D.^ &c., 

&c.) his relations by consanguinity and affinity to the third 

degree inclusively, according to the form prescribed by the Church. 

"And your petitioner will ever pray, &c." 



"By virtue of special faculties vouchsafed by Our Most Holy 
Lord, Pope Leo XIII, the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences has 
graciously granted the petition, without any issue of Brief, anything 
to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Inofficial "Given at Rome, from the Office of the Secretary of 

Seal."] the said Congregation, y«/v 4th, 1890." 

The word " Indulgence," which occurs in the foregoing document 
in its Latin form, ^ indulgentia^ was broadly used by theologians 
(e.g. St. Augustine) in the sense of "forgiveness"; but it had among the 
imperial jurists a narrower technical acceptation, being used to express, 
variously, remission of civil punishment, immunity from taxes, or 
amnesty granted by the dispensing power of the Emperor. 

In the time of the Decian persecution, in a.d. 250, when some of 
the Christians were martyred, and others suffered as confessors, though 
not unto blood, there were some also who lapsed into denying the 
Christian faith, under pressure from friends, or in personal weakness or 
cowardice. When peace was restored to the Church, many of these 
wished to come back to the fold. Some were willing to go through 
the penance enjoined them as a condition of restored communion ; 
but others produced certificates from martyrs, or even from living 
confessors, expressing a desire that the bearer might be received with 
consideration. At first these letters only asked that the fallen friend 
might be restored after due enquiry made and penance performed, 
but, by and by, Africa (as St. Cyprian complains) was flooded with 
remissions, importuned from martyrs, or procured from confessors by 
interest or for gain. [Cypr. Epist.^ xv ( = x), 3; xx ( = xiv), 2.] Some- 
times they were not even written by the confessor himself; sometimes 
they were issued in general terms to such an one and family. One 
Lucianus, a Carthaginian confessor, but one not very well versed in 
Scripture or divinity, in defiance of St. Cyprian, issued the 
following remission, which is extant among Cyprian's correspondence 
{Ep.^ xxiii = xvi) : — 



YORKSHIRE PARDONS AND INDULGENCES. 371 

" All Confessors to Cypriaii * papas,' greeting. 

" This is to notify to thee, that we have given the peace [of restored 
communion] to All Those who shall give thee an account of their 
conduct since their lapse. 

" We request thee to communicate this form to thy comprovincials, 
and we wish thee peace with the Holy Martyrs. 

"Witness my hand (in presence of the clergy, exorcist, and 
reader), " Lucianus." 

St. Cyprian was naturally indignant, and wrote a letter on the 
subject {Ep., xxvi=xvii) to the presbyters and deacons (?of Carthage), 
and another (£p., xxvii-=xxii ) to those of Rome,* 

A system of severe discipline became established in the Church ; 
and the Councils from time to time decided what measure of 
punishment should be meted out to the various classes of offenders. 
Penitentials or collections of such canons were drawn up in the 
sixth and following centuries. Among these was the penitential of 
Cummeanus {abbas in Scotia ortus\ who also compiled another book 
of somewhat similar character, a digest from Holy Scripture, and from 
Church writers native and foreign, as well as from the decisions of 
Councils native and foreign, in the south-cast of Ireland, about the 
year 700. This latter work is identified by Mr. H. Bradshaw as the 
famous Hibernensis^ to which he and Dr. Wasserschleben severally 
devoted great and diligent attention. The Hiberntnsis passed at once 
from Ireland into Brittany, but did not reach the Anglo-Saxon 
Church until the ninth century. 

An extract from book xxvii (a/, xxix), cap. 8, will be sufficient to 
give an idea of the sort of penance enjoined : — 

" Of the Penance of a Thief, if the Theft be from a place 

other than a Church, 

"St. Patrick saith [viz. ist Synod, cap. 15, «>. 448-460]: 'Let 
him who hath stolen do penance for half a year ; for 20 {al, 60) days 
let him live on bread and water ; let him restore what he has stolen, 
if this be possible; and so let him be received in the church.'" 
(Haddan & Stubbs' Concilia, ii, part i, p. 329, read Wiginti diebus.') 

"St, Finnian saith [Penitential of Finnian, § 25]: *If a clerk have 
committed a theft, let him restore fourfold, and do penance for a 
whole year."" 

* On this subject see Archbishop « Die Irische Kanonemammlungy 

Benson's article in Smith & Cheetham's Herm. Wasserschleben, ed. 2, Leipzig, 
Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, s.v. 1885, p. loi. 
UbeUi^ No. iii, and Cyprian, His Life, 
&c.,pp.92-^ 



372 THE YORKSHIRE ARCHiEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

If we look for an earlier rule, we may find in the Eastern Church, 
among the canons of St. Basil the Great, Bishop of Cassarea, in 
Cappadocia, cir, 369 (^/., iii, canon 61): "The thief, if he discover 
himself, shall do one year's penance. If he be discovered by others, 
two years'. For half the time he shall be among the ' Kneelers ' 
{inter prosiratos), the other half among the * Bystanders* {inter 
consisteniesy among the stations of various grades assigned to penitents 
in Church in the early ages. 

In the same code, the involuntary homicide is required to do 
eleven years' penance {Ep., i, canon 11); or, by another canon, which 
is rather more explicit {Ep., iii, canon 56), only ten, viz. 2 years in the 
grade of Mourners, 3 years as a Hearer, 4 as a Kneeler, and i as a 
Bystander, and then to be received to communion.* 

To come to the penitentials of our own country. One was drawn 
up (before the Hibernensis had made its way to us across from 
Brittany) cir, 668-690, by an Englishman of southern origin, under the 
eye of the great Archbishop Theodore of Tarsus (Haddan & Stubbs, 
Concilia^ iii, 173). There the habitual thief is required to observe a 
penance of seven years. A thief, if he restore what he has stolen, 
and ask pardon of the person whom he robbed, " shall greatly reduce 
the term of his punishment (cap. iii, § 2)." The murderer is to do 
penance for "ten or seven years." One that has done accidental 
homicide, one year (iv, § 7). 

According to Bede's Penitential (which is dated cir. 734), as in that 
which bears the name of Theodore, the wilful murderer of a priest 
was ordered to do seven years' penance ; the slayer of a layman, 
from four years to only 40 days ; the last, where he has slain another 
in war, or if, being a serf, he have slain another at his lord's command. 
For accidental homicide, one year's penance was enjoined (iv, § 5 ). 
And special terms were assigned for cases of feud, a melee^ or a 
vendetta. 

We gather from these few instances, which might be greatly 
multiplied, that penances of so many years or of periods of 40 days, 
of strict fasting, and removal from communion, were imposed by 
spiritual authority ris penalties on certain crimes and offences. These, 
however, under the i)enitential system, might he commuted under 
certain circumstances (such as sickness) for the recitation of so many 
psalms, or the paying of a fine. 

It was further held that the highest authority in the Church 
might extend to offenders a gracious relaxation of penalties, as St. 
Paul, after a while, had removed the current sentence from the 

'J. Johii'Jon's Clergyman's Vadt Mecunt^ cd. 1 709; part ii, p. 214. 



YORKSHIRE PARDONS AND INDULGENCES. 



373 



offender at Corinth ; and as, in the Decian persecution, and at other 
such times, martyrs (and even confessors) had sometimes asked for 
remission of the ecclesiastical sentence incurred by certain Christian 
friends who had lapsed through weakness in those times of trial. 

It was believed, in like manner, that the superabundant merits of 
our Saviour, and those of the Blessed Virgin and the Saints, formed 
a " treasure "^ available in the Church for the remission or alleviation 
of pains and punishments due to sins. Every sin, it was believed, 
requires its due punishment by way of satisfaction. Sins not 
confessed to the Church, and so not visited by the Church (by way 
of penance, received and performed here upon earth), merit and await 
a proportionate punishment in the pains of purgatory. It is a 
common belief also in the Church of Rome, that even those sins 
which are forgiven to the penitent are further liable to temporal 
pains.' Thus Indulgences are said to be available not only for 
relaxing canonical penance, but for that temporal pain which is due 
from the sinner by way of satisfaction to Divine Justice, which has 
been offended. And an Indulgence is defined as "the remission of 
the whole or part of the temporal punishment which often remains 
due to sin, after its guilt and its eternal punishment have been 
remitted by the sacrament of penance."^ It is an absolution, by the 
Power of the Keys, freeing one from the penance {poena) enjoined, 
or to be enjoined. 

A " Plenary Indulgence " is a remission not only of all sacramental 
and canonical penances, but also, according to some theologians, of 
all the pains of purgatory.** But it involves, as a condition, the 
detestation and sincere abhorrence of every sin without exception, 
even the least of venial sins. 

Plenary Indulgences are proclaimed at the Papal Jubilee, which, 
under present arrangements, takes place every 25 years. It is said 
that Urban II, in a Council held at Clermont in 1095, was the first 
to give a plenary indulgence, and that he issued it for those who 
took up arms to recover the Holy Land from the infidel. It appears, 
however, that Leo IX had given one as early as 1060 to our Edward 
the Confessor. The Jubilee, though not then quite a novelty, was 
fully established in the year 1300. 



* The theory of a thesaurus nuritorum 
is ascribed to Alexander Hales (Doctor 
Irrefragabilis)^ who was educated at 
Oxford (and at Paris, where he died, 27 
August, 1245). It was asserted as a 
dogma by i*ope Clement VI, in 1343. 
Archbishop Trench, Mediaval Church 
History^ pp. 326-7. Pellicia, v, 8. 

'^ Cf. Concilia Trident^ sessio vi, 
canon 30. 



^ Power's Catechism of Christian Doc- 
trine^ ii, cap. xxxvi, § lo. 

* See Gaume's Catechism of Perseve- 
rance^ ii, xli. The Little Catechism of 
Perseverance ^ translated by F. B. Jamison, 
speaks in a guarded manner, as if this 
were only a pious opinion, which the 
faithful **are free to believe." 



374 



THE YORKSHIRE ARCRffiOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 



To come now to our own country : — 

A set of Penitential Canons, supposed to have been compiled by 
St. Dunstan, cir, 965, from various sources, makes provision for sick 
persons, who are physically disabled from fasting, that they may 
commute the severer corporal penance for certain devotions and 
almsdeeds which lie within their power. The following may be taken 
as a specimen of the tariff: — A man may redeem a day's fast for 
i^., or for 220 psalms. A fast of 12 months for 30J., or for giving 
his freedom to a person valued at 30^. And for each day let him 
sing the psalm Beatt (xxxi) six times, and say six Pater nosters, 

A 12 days' fast may be remitted for i mass if the penitent, 

out of true love to God, will pray for forgiveness, and follow the 
guidance of his confessor after making his confession, &c., &c.^ 

The wealthy man, with many friends, may get his penance reduced 
by persuading them to associate themselves with him, in order to 
make a division of the labour with him. But so many friends were 
required that this expedient would be out of the question for any 
but a king or chief.'' 

The close of the twelfth century finds the system of indulgences 
in full swing as an inducement to perform works of mercy, piety, and 
charity. In 11 84 King Henry II employs Templars and Hospitallers 
to make collection for the second Crusade by way of subsidy, pardons 
being given by way of encouragement.' 

In 1 1 86, on the occasion of his enthronization, St. Hugh of 
Lincoln granted ** 13 days' relaxation of penance enjoined" for those 
who were present at it.* He also encouraged contributions to the 
minster, at which he worked with his own hands, bearing a hod upon 
his shoulders while he had his health. During his last illness, in 
1200, he issued a pardon of 80 days to those who should assist in 
that good work. In later times 80 days was considered twice as 
much as any ordinary bishop had a right to give on one occasion. 
Others, perhaps, were even more lavish: at all events, in 12 15 the 
General Council of Lateran restricted bishops to granting no more 
than 40 days' pardon at a time, excepting only at the actual dedication 
of a church, when a year's indulgence might be granted pro ilia viccy 
but no more than the 40 days on the anniversary feasts of dedication. 
After that time English Bishops (as Dr. Rock pointed out. Church 
of our Fathers y iii, 74;?) frequently contented themselves by granting 
20 or 30 days. 

We find that many good works were encouraged by indulgences, 
but in the thirteenth century minster-building was one of the 



1 Spelman, Concilia^ i, 473. 
'^ Ibid., i, 476. 



'^ Ibid., ii, 116. 

* Benedictus Abbas, 454 (Heame). 



YORKSHIRE PARDONS AND INDULGENCES. 375 

principal among them. Not Lincoln Cathedral only, but the fabrics 
of Winchester (1202-4), Worcester (1225-31), St. Paul's, London 
(1228-1387), and York (1225-6), and doubtless many others. In 
the cases mentioned there was a religious confraternity established, 
sometimes for a limited period of two or three or seven years, some- 
times (as was the case at Lincoln and Salisbury) without limitation, 
so that they continued to the sixteenth century, whereby spiritual 
advantages of community in prayer, and masses, and almsdeeds, were 
offered to those who should enroll themselves. Thus wealthy, 
powerful, and eminent personages were attached to English cathedral 
churches. I may mention, for example, the Black Prince, Prince Hal, 
and Harry Hotspur, John of Gaunt and Philippa Chaucer, besides 
several of our Kings and Queens, as in earlier ages Canute and 
Harold had been associates at Canterbury, and Athelstan at St. Gall. 
Examining the register of Walter Grey, Archbishop of York, I find 
that he and other prelates {dr. 1225-33) encouraged by indulgences 
the following good works : — 

Building minsters, indulgence of 20 or 40 days. 

Building churches, 20 days. 

Building chapels, 13 days. 

Building or aiding hospitals (or almshouses), 10, 13, or 20 days. 

Making bridges, 10 or 13 days. 

Making roads and causeways, 10 or 13 days.* 

Canons of Cathedrals were sometimes sent round to preach sermons 
in aid of their cathedral fabric, as the Templars and Hospitallers 
were made collectors for the Crusades, and indulgences were granted 
to encourage attendance when the canons preached for this object. 
The prebendaries of Salisbury were assigned certain large districts, 
and some of them went into Wales or Scotland or Ireland in the 
thirteenth century, and those of Lincoln were thus employed about 
1266 and 1277, in the time of Bishop Richard Gravesend, Le, I 
suppose, while the lovely " Angel Choir " was being built. 

This partly accounts for the fact that Scottish and Irish bishops 
granted indulgences for these and other English Cathedral churches, 
though some may have done so because they were present at 
dedication festivals on the spot. 

It should be borne in mind that if (e.g.) a Dublin or a Glasgow 
man came to Lincoln he could not benefit from the indulgences 
there exhibited and offered, unless the bishop of his own diocese, 
or the archbishop of his province, had been among the grantees. 

* In like manner, when the Foss-dyke the work was encouraged by an indul- 
at Lincoln was improved, cir. 1515-20, gence from Bishop Atwater. 



376 THE YORKSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

And no one could have the accumulated pardons of more than his 
own bishop and archbishop together, although it is to be feared 
that this was not always made sufficiently plain to worshippers and 
contributors. Dr. Rock has shewn (and I have collected further 
evidence to the same effect) that unscrupulous or ill-advised persons 
too often added up the grants of pardon by all the prelates 
collectively, and paraded them before the ignorant, as if the sum 
total were available to any of the faithful. 

The crusading spirit called into existence a class of collectors 
(called quaestors) in addition to these more responsible emissaries, 
and an army of " Pardoners " sprang up, who not only afforded matter 
for the wit of Chaucer and the more trenchant " visions " of Langland 
in the latter half of the fourteenth century, but called forth the 
censure of those who were in places of ecclesiastical authority. 

Among attempts to curtail the excesses of the * pardoners' and 
* quaestors' may be mentioned (besides the canon of the Lateran 
Council under Pope Innocent III, in 12 15, to which I have referred 
already) the Synod of Exeter, under Peter Quivil or Wyvill, in 1287; 
the Synod of Chichester, under Gilbert of St. Leofard, in 1 289. The 
General Council of Vienne, under Pope Clement V, in 131 2, 
stigmatised eight evil practices of pardoners. In the next year the 
same Pope extended to Walter Reynolds, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
special permission to grant 1 00 days' pardon at a time ; and he is 
likewise cited (as we shall see presently) as a special grantor of 
powers to the Trinitarians near Huddersfield. In 1355 Jo^" de 
Grandisson carried on the traditions of his predecessor WyvilFs 
Synod, and very few pardons were, 1 believe, granted in his diocese, 
although, as we shall see, he sometimes exercised the privilege. Last 
of all, notwithstanding the use made of indulgences for the building 
and improvement of St. Peters in the sixteenth century, the Council 
of Trent, in its fifth session, in June, 1546, forbade quaestuarii to 
preach either personally or by substitute. {Sessio v, cap. 2.) 

Pardons were frequently given on other religious occasions besides 
the Jubilee : such were the dedication of churches (already noticed) 
and the diocesan synod. They were also attached to special rogations 
or i)rocessions for peace, or for intercession for the recovery of a 
prince {e.g. King Henry VI, in 1455). 

Still earlier we find pardons offered as an inducement to make 
prayers for souls of the departed, such as the Longesp^es at Salisbury^ 
1270, and about 1298; and Hishoj) H. de l>exington at Lincoln in 
1266. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries it was not unusual 
to inscribe the terms of pardon upon tombs or sepulchral brasses. 



YORKSHIRE PARDONS AND INDULGENCES. 377 

I give two specimens out of several which I have noticed. The first, 
from the brass of a priest in Ramsbury Church, Wilts, cir. 1325 : — 

" Soutz ceste pere lettere ov laton 
Gist Willaume la Seint John de Remmesbury persone 
Et fer por sa alme prier orason 
Quarant iours assuron de pardon." 

The latter is from a brass of 1460 in Thame Church, Oxon : — 

" O certeyn Deth, that now has ouerthrow 
Richard Quartremayns squyer and Sibil his wife 

that lie here now low, 
That with rial princes of counsel was true and wise found 
To Richard Duke of York, and after with his sone 

Kyng Edward the iiij*^ named. 
That foundid in the chirche of Thame a chauntrie, 

vj pore men, and a fraternyte 
In the worship of seynt Cristofre, to be releuid in perpetuyte. 
Thei that of ther almys for ther soulis a Pater nosier and Aue 

deuoutly wul sey, 
Of holy Faders is granted they perdon of dayes forty alwey. 
Which Richard and Sibil out of the worlde passid in the yere 

of our Lord anno millesimo four hunderd fifty and ten. 
Vppon their soules Ihesu haue mercy. Amen." 

Both these are in BoutelFs collection. 

Other pious practices were similarly promoted : as the kneeling or 
genuflecting at the ringing of the sacring bell, at the elevation of the 
sacrament, to which Archbishop Peckham's constitution in 1281 makes 
reference. Likewise, for repeating the Ave Mary three times a day 
at the ringing of the Angelus, or, as it was called in England, the 
* tolling of the Ave-bell,' for which, at the instance of the princess 
Elizabeth of York, afterwards Queen to Henry VII,* Pope Sixtus IV 
"graunted of * the spirituall tresour of holy chyrche 300 dayes of 
pardon totiens quotienSy^ and (according to the rubric of the Sarum 
Prymer) eleven English prelates granted 40 days of pardon each three 
times a day, from 26th March, 1492, making a cumulative " indulgence 

and pardon for every Ave Maria gratia " to the " summe of 

eight hondred dayes totiens quotiens^ Possibly the Archbishop of 
Canterbury granted 100 days. Otherwise I cannot make the arith- 
metic out correctly. 

1 Henry VII, crowned 1485. Queen Elizabeth, bom 1466, crowned 1487, died 1502. 

*Pope, 147 1 -1 484. 



378 THE YORKSfflRE ARCJUEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. 

The expression * totiens quotiens ' gave rise to the name ' tot quots^ 
which was derisively applied to certain pardons by some of the 
reformers. See pp. 397-8. Several of these are in the Horae^ under 
the year 1535. 

While speaking of indulgences for specifically religious purposes, 
we may mention that John Grandisson, Bishop of Exeter, issued, in 
September, 1328, what he called somewhere an indulgentia alkctiva^ 
to encourage the devout recitation of the daily office of the Blessed 
Virgin. {Grandisson Register, ed. Randolph, i, pp. 388-9, 587.) In 
1368 William of Wykeham gave a brief to the sacrists of Winchester 
and their representatives, to encourage visits to the relics in his 
cathedral church, and to maintain the lights and defray other church 
expenses there, with an indulgence of 40 days on the usual terms. 

It would have seemed natural to speak at this point of the 
Indulgence known as the ** Image of Pity," a representation of our 
Saviour emerging from the tomb, or standing above the altar (as in 
what is known as the Mass of St. Gregory) with the * instruments of 
the Passion ' surrounding Him, pointing to His Wounds, or appealing 
to the devout beholder in the spirit of the Lamentations of Jeremiah, 
i, 12; but, as I have undertaken to write a paper on this subject for 
one of the volumes of the * Henry Bradshaw Society,* it will suffice to 
say that woodcuts of the Image of Pity were printed by Caxton and 
others from before 1470 to 1535, ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ them was attached in 
the earfy editions, for use in England, a pardon of twenty-six thousand 
years and some odd days (either 26 or 30). Of this grant it is said 
that St. Peter started the list with 6,000 years, and about thirty of his 
successors added their contributions. Pope John XXII (1410-15) 
giving 3,000 years. This grant is found before 1470, and as late as a 
Macclesfield brass of 1506, mentioned by Dr. Rock. However, before 
that time Sixtus IV is said to have doubled the pardon (cir. 1471-84) 
which was current in his time, when it had grown to 32,755 years. 
And this, so far as 1 have observed, was the usual amount offered in 
England, cir. 1480-35, "to them that before this Image of Pity devoutly 
say five Fatfr uosters, five Ave[Mary]s, and a Credo, piteously beholding 
these Arms of Christ's Passion." 

Theologians would reject such a grant as a forgery. It was 
however (naturally) popular, and very widely spread in England in 
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

Our immediate concern is not with pardons granted in these 
general and lavish terms, but with some which required to have the 
names of the persons to whom they were to be applicable entered on 
them, although they might be drawn up and written or printed in 



YORKSHIRE PARDONS AND INDULGENCES. 379 

manifold copies, with blanks left in the first instance for the names 
to be entered by the grantor or the quaestor. 

In one month in the present year I have examined some forty or 
fifty of such forms, ranging in date from 141 2 to 1529.^ Some of the 
later ones are in duplicate, or quadruplicated, just as the pardoner 
might have had them; but not finding sufficient sale for them before 
the term of indulgence ran out, or before the proclamation of King 
Henry's supremacy was issued, he did not take the trouble to cut up 
the sheets. Or the printer, finding that they were left on his hands, 
* wasted ' them, and handed them over to the binding department of 
his business to be folded, and used a