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I 



D nrkaljir* 



SIXTY ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Edited by J. HORSFALL TURNER, 

Idel, Bradford. 



Vol. I. 



firtnt** for *|p (Bbitov 

By T. Harrison, Queen Street, Bingley. 

1888. 



(THE NEW YORK 

PUBMCUBRA.RY 

'63795 

ASTO*, LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATION*' 

1897. 






3 
> 



J > 



7 




PAGE. 

J. M. W. Turner - 1, 

Bretton Hall Ballad 1, 191. 

Yorkshire M.P's., 1758 5. 

St. John of Beverley - 6. 
— Extinct Yorkshire Magazines 7. 

Stanbury Quaker Register 9. 

Latter Day ' Sinner ' - 15. 

Akroyd Scholarship - 16. 

Akroyd'sWiU - - 18. 

Fire of London - - 19. 

Refusing Knighthood - 19. 

M.Ps. for York, 1718-1882 20. 

Ripley Memorial Slabs 28. 

W. Riding Sessions Rolls, 
(numerous topics) 28,47,78, 
188, 288. 

Yorkshire Church Livings 29. 

Quakerism in Sedbergh 29. 

York Cattle Fairs - 82. 

Batley Grammar School 87. 

John Berry's Journal, 

(numerous topics) - 89. 

Cheap Trips - - 44. 

Bullhouse - - 45. 

Bullhouse Chapel - 46. 

'; Yorkshire Pottery 52,119,285. 

Village Feasts - - 56. 

Fylfot ... 66. 

Baildon - - 64,94. 

„ Darton Registers - 64. 

Fulneck - - 65. 

Reins of land - - 68. 

High Sunderland - - 68. 

Woolcombers - - 77. 
•*/ Wentworth's Letter, 1497 78. 

Ardsley Notes - - 79. 

Kirklees Nunnery 82,97. 

Eldwick Stone Circle - 105. 

Ackworth Parish Registers, 

107,129,166. 

Reptile Symbolism 118. 



PAGE. 

Muster Rolls - - 118. 
Extinct Congregational 

Colleges - - 124. 

Sir John Hotham - 129. 

York Mint 182,186,228. 

Pontefract Shilling - 188. 
Yorkshire Waterfalls and 

Caves - - - 188. 

King's Manor House, York 188 



141. 

- 142. 

150, ass. 

- 158. 

- 159. 

- 160. 

- 161. 



178. 
178. 



County Records 
Assessment, 1584 - 
Yorkshire Crosses 
Holy Wells 
Roman Altars 
Halifax Gibbet Law 
Merry Bauk 
Wordsworth of Wadworth 161, 

286 
Grassington Schismatics 
Fors Abbey 
Dr. John Hall's MSS. 

[Nonconformist History] 
Plague of Mirfield 
Ledgard and Shepley 

Bridges 

Briefs - 191,198,284 

Ducking Stool at Mirfield 195 
Rev. J. Ismay's Diary, 

(numerous topics) - 196 
History of Mirfield, 1755 201 
Blount's Yorkshire Tenures, 

211, 228 
Saltaire - - - 224 
Yorkshire Coins - 226 

Washburn Place Names 282 
Wakefield, Pontefract, 

Knaresborough, and 

Tickhill Manors 
Halifax Militia 
Silkstone Registers 



175. 

187. 

187. 



288. 
285. 
286. 



Indexes 



241, 256. 




Scaleber Force 


. 


. . . 


. 


PAGE. 
188.' 


Saltaire 








224. 




PAGE. 






PAGE. 


Bretton Hall 


2. 


Keyingham Stump 


- 


158. 


Ripley Slabs 


28. 


Ravenspurn Cross 


- 


154. 


Bullhouse Chapel 


46. 


Keyingham Cross 


- 


155. 


Fylfot, (82 figures) 57, 64. 


Swine Cross 


- 


155. 


Fulneck 


65. 


Hornsea Cross 


- 


155. 


High Sunderland 


69. 


Brandsburton Cross 


- 


156. 


Baildon Hall 


95. 


Leven Cross 


- 


157. 


Heckmondwike Academy 


126. 


Nunkeeling Cross 


- 


157. 


Rev. James Scott 


127. 


Atwick Cross 


- 


157. 


Sir John Hotham 


181. 


Stainland Holywell 


- 


158. 


Edward VI's. Coins (4) 


182. 


Roman Altar, Slack 


- 


159. 


Pontefract Coin 


188. 


Roman Altar, Greetland 


159. 


Thornton Force 


184. 


Sir Titus Salt 


- 


224. 


Easegill Force 


186. 


Saltaire Congregational 




Ingle borough Cave 


187. 


Church 


- 


225. 


Stainland Cross 


150. 


Ulf s Arms 


. 


280. 


Beverley Frithstool 


152. 


Ulfs Horn 


. 


281. 


Bradford Cross 


158. 


Bradford Horn - 


- 


281. 




[orfcsjjire |totcs wto (Sutras. 



J. M. W. Tubner. " There was no County in England to which 
Turner was so much attached as Yorkshire. . , It was here 
on the Wolds, and beside the banks of the Wharfe, that he first 
(after Wales) saw really wild scenery. ... He loved it 
because he had gathered in its ruined Abbeys the chief treasures 
of his * Liber/ and because there he found the past and pre- 
sent times in the most striking juxtaposition. . . • Mr. 
Buskin says, and we cannot quote a higher authority, — ' The 
scenery, whose influence I can trace most definitely throughout 
his Works, varied as they are, is that of Yorkshire.' " — Thorn- 
bury's Life of Turner. 



Vitus on a fUmarkable Ciraxmstanr* 

CONNECTED WITH BRETTON HALL, NEAR BARNSLEY. 

[From an undated Broadside, once very popular, and taken for 
fact. Fortunately for their credit they are simply styled 
Lines.] 

At Bretton Hall, near Wakefield, known so well, 
Sir William Wentworth Blackett once did dwell ; 
That mansion was his own, — there, with his bride, 
In pomp and splendour, he did once reside ; 
Yet, in the midst of all that he possessed, 
A rambling mind disturb'd Sir William's breast. 
His lady and his home he left behind, — 
Says he, * The end of this wide world I'll find ; 
The earth's extensive, but you may depend on 't, 
Before e'er I return I'll find the end on 't. 
So he embark'd on board a ship we find, 
And, sailing, left her ladyship behind, 
Who, oft in sorrow did his absence mourn, 
And, sighing said, ' that he would return, 
For be his voyage rough or smooth at sea, 
It is a cruel, bitter blast to me.' 
8ir William, he rolls on through winds and waves ; 
Undaunted, he all kinds of weather braves ; 
Nor his strange project ever relinquish'd he, 
Till one and twenty years he'd been at sea ; 

Y.N.Q. B 



YORKSHIRE NOTE8 AND QUERIES. 

Then, p'rhaps he thought, ' Good lack the world is round, 
The end is nowhere, so it can't be found ; 
And as I'm weary of this wild-goose chase, 
At home again, ere long, I'll show my face.' 
Then off he set, but little was aware 




What would transpire on his arrival there : 

For, while Sir William roved, as here express'd, 

Another • Sir ' his lady thus address'd : — 

* Sir William *s gone, ne'er to return again, 

Fast this world's end, which long he sought in vain ; 

There's not a doubt he's found the end of life. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

But don't be troubled, yon shall be my wife.' 

She listened, till at length she gave consent. 

And straightway, then, to church this couple went. 

Sir William does about this "wedding hear, 

As he unto his journey's end draws near ; 

And thus, he does within his mind reflect — 

' This sly usurper I shall now detect ; 

Soon shall he know* (though much against his will) 

At Bretton Hall I have dominion still. 

Those woods and fertile fields my own I call, 

With this magnificent, this splendid hall ; 

And now I come to claim them as my own, 

Though by my dress not from a beggar known, 

My clothes are turned to rags ; and, by the weather, 

My skin is tann'd till it resembles leather ; 

So now I'll act the beggar, bold and rude, 

And, at this wedding boldly I'll intrude ; 

And though, admittance I may be denied, 

I'll rob the merry bridegroom of his bride. 1 

Then at his own hall door one rap he gave, 

Resolved the inmate's charity to crave ; 

So he presented his request, 'tis said, 

And they presented him a crust of bread ! 

The bread he took, and then, to their surprise, 

He ask'd the servants for some beer likewise. 

' No, no,' said they ' beer we shall give you none, 

Tou saucy, drunken vagabond, begone ! ' 

At length (with much ado) some beer he got, 

And quickly he returned the empty pot ; 

And straightway then into the hall went he, 

And said, he wished her ladyship to see. 

* You can by no means see her,' answered they, 
' She is newly married ! 'tis her wedding day.' 

* Married ! ' die feigned beggarman replied, 

1 Then I'll not go till I have seen the bride,' 
Then towards the dining-room his course he bent ; 
The servants quick pursued with one consent, 
And seised him, with intent to turn liim out. 
4 Come back, you villain ; what are you about ? ' 

* About my business, to be sure,' quoth he ; 
' The room I'll enter and the bride I'll see : 
'We'll see you out of doors,' the servants said! 
And now of course, a clam'rous din they made. 
Just then, the bride, on hearing such a clatter, 
Open'd the door to see what was the matter. 
This noble beggar, thus obtained a sight 

Of her who erstwhile was his heart's delight ! 
He viewed her in her nuptial garments dress'd, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

And did of her a glass of wine request, 

Which she denied — who little did suppose 

The ragged stranger was her wealthy spouse. 

Then straight into the dining room he went, 

And down he sat among the guests, content. 

Says he, * You'll grant me my request, I know ; 

A glass of wine I'll have before I go.' 

The bride, at length, complied with his request, 

Thus thinking to dispatch their ragged guest, 

But when he did this glass of wine obtain, 

He drank and filled, and drank and filled again. 

The guests, astonished and disgusted, view'd, 

Whilst he proceeded to be far more rude ; 

Around the bride's fair neck he threw his arm, 

And gave a kiss, which did her much alarm/ 

On him she frown'd, and threaten'd him with law, 

Says he, ( Your threats I value not a straw ; 

My conduct to reprove is all in vain, 

For what I've done I mean to do again. 

Madam, your bridegroom's in an awkward case, 

This night I do intend to take his place. 

And, while upon her countenance he pores, 

The guests agree to kick him out of doors. 

1 The deuce is in the beggarman,' they cried ; 

1 He means to either beg or steal the bride.' 

•No, no,' says he, « I mean to claim her as my own.' 

He smil'd, and then he did himself make known ; 

Saying, ' William Wentworth Blackett is my name. 

For my long absence I am much to blame ; 

But safe and sound I have returned at last, 

So let's forgive each other all that's past.' 

The bride did her first bridegroom recognize, 

With joy transported, to his arms she flies : 

And, whilst they each other tenderly kiss, 

The disappointed bridegroom they dismiss ; 

Who inwardly did his hard case lament, 

Hung down his head, and out of doors he went. 

* I'm robb'd of this fair jewel, now,' thinks he ; 

* How cruel is this tender spouse to me ! ' 
Awhile he scratched his head, then heaved a sigh : 
Then eyed the hall again, and wiped his eye. 

Sir WiUiam freely did forgive his wife ; 

They lived together till the end of life. 

My honest story I must now conclude ; 

Which may, by some, be as a fiction view'd ; 

But, Sirs, the boots in which Sir William went, 

Are kept in memory of that event ; 

The very hat he wore, preserved has been 

At Bretton Hall — where they may yet be seen. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 5 

YORKSHIRE M.Ps. in 1758. Ebor, 30 Menders. 

County. — Rt. Hon. Sir Conyers D'Arcy, of Aske, Privy Coun. 
Served in six parliaments. [Not necessarily for same consti- 
tuency.] Rt. Hon. Henry Pleydei Dawney, Vise. Downe, in 
Ireland; Cowick, Yorkshire; F.R.S. ; chosen in April, 1750, in 
the room of Sir Miles Stapylton , who was made a Commissioner 
of the Customs. 

York. — William Thornton, of Cattal, Esq. George Fox, of 
Bramham Park, Esq., and of East Horsley, in Surrey. Served 
in three parliaments. 

Kingston-upon-Hull. — Rt. Hon. Lord Robert Manners, half- 
brother to the Duke of Rutland, Col. of a Regiment of Foot, 
Lieut. Gov. &c, of Walcot, Lincolnshire. Thomas Carter, of 
Redbourn, co. Lincoln, Esq. 

Knabesborough. — Sir Henry Slingsby, of Red House, Bart. 
Served in six parliaments. Hon. Richard Arundel, of Allerton 
Mauleverer, Esq., F.R.S., Treasurer of His Majesty's Chamber, 
and Clerk of the Pipe in H. Maj. Exchequer for life. Served 
in six parliaments. 

Scarborough. — Edwin Lascelles, Esq., (son to Henry Las- 
celles, Member for Northallerton), of Gawthorpe Hall. Served 
in two parliaments. Roger Handasyd, of Gaynes Hall, co. Hunt., 
Esq., Lt. Gen. and Col. of a Regiment of Foot. Served in four 
parliaments. 

Ripon. — William Aislabie, of Studley Park, Esq., one of the 
Auditors of the Imprest for Life, and Principal Registrar of the 
the Archbp's. Consistory Court at York. Served in six parlia- 
ments. Sir Charles Vernon, of Famham, Surrey, Kent. 
Served in three parliaments. 

Richmond. — John Yorke, of Richmond, Esq. Rt. Hon. 
William Kerr, Earl of Ancram, son and heir to Marquis of 
Lothian, chosen in the room of Sir Conyers D'Arcy, who made 
his election for the County. 

Heddon. — Luke Robinson, Esq., Counsellor-at-Law. Two 
parliaments. Sir John Savile, of Methley, K.B., LL.D. 

Boboughbridge. — Hon. Will. Murray, Esq., Solicitor Gen- 
eral. Uncle to Lord Visct. Stormont. Two parliaments. 
Hon. George Monson Watson, Esq., brother to Lord Monson, 
chosen in April, 1750, in the room of the Earl of Dalkeith, 
deceased. 

Malton. — Hon. Henry Finch, Esq., youngest brother to the 
Earl of Winchelsea, Surveyor General of His Majs. Board of 
Works, F.R.8. Served five parliaments. John Mostyn, Esq., 
Col. in Foot-Guards, Groom of the Bedchamber to His Majesty, 



6 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

brother to Sir Thomas Mostyn, Member for Flintshire. Served 
two parliaments. 

Thibsk. — Thomas Frankland, co. Backs, Esq., Capt. in Navy. 
Served two parliaments. Bt. Hon. Wm. Monkton, Lord Visct. 
Galway, Beceiver-General of H. M's. Fee-farm Bents in the 
six Northern Counties, before in this parliament for Pontefract, 
and chosen for Thirsk in the room of Frederick Frankland, 
Esq., made a Commissioner of the Bevenue in Ireland, in 
March, 1749. 

Aldbobough. — Andrew Wilkinson, of Borougnbridge, Esq., 
Storekeeper of the Ordnance. Three parliaments. Nathaniel 
Newnham, Jan., Esq., co. Sussex, brother to the Member for 
Queenborough. Served two parliaments. 

Beverley. — Charles Pelham, Esq., co. Lincoln. Served in 
five parliaments. Sir Wm. Codrington, of Dodington, co. 
Gloucester, Bart. 

Nobthallebton. — Henry Peirse, of Bedal, Esq. Five pari. 
Daniel Lascelles, Esq., chosen in March, 1752, in the room of 
his father, Henry Lascelles, Esq., who accepted a place. 

Pontefbact. — George Morton Pitt, of Twickenham, Esq. 
Served in three parliaments. Bobert Monckton, Esq., Col. of 
a Beg. of Foot, chosen in November, 1751, in the room of his 
father John Vise. Galway, who was chosen in Dec. 1748, in the 
room of his son William, now Vise. Galway, who accepted a 
place, and was re-chosen for Thirsk. 

Thos. Lister, of Gisburne Park, Esq., was one of the Mem- 
bers for Clithero. Edward Wortley, of Wortley Hall, sen., 
Esq., sat for Peterborough. John Hill, of Thornton, near 
Malton, Esq., Governor of Scarborough Castle, F.B.S., repre- 
sented Higham-Ferrers. Sir Lionel Pilkington, of Stainley, 
Bart., had sat for Horsham from December, 1748, in the room 
of Charles Ingram, senr., Esq., deceased. Charles Ingram, 
Esq., Nephew to Lord Yisct. Irwin, was the other Member for 
Horsham. Sir John Bamsden, of Byram, near Ferrybridge, 
Bart., was a Member for Appleby. Thomas Duncombe, of 
Duncombe Park, Esq., became M.P. for Down ton in April, 
1751. 

Some of the places then represented in Parliament are mere 
hamlets, and the choice of members was frequently vested in 
one family. The Nobility had a great number of seats at their 
disposal. Gband Old Man. 



Bevulby and its Saint. — "Upon the taking up of a thick 
marble stone, lying in the middle of the choire of Beverley, in 
Yorkshire, neare the entranoe into the choire, was found under 



Y0BK8HIRE NOTE8 AND QUERIE8. 7 

it a vault of squared free-stone, five foot in length, two foot in 
breadth at the head, and one foot and a half at the foot. In 
this vault was discovered a sheet of lead, four foot in length, 
containing the dftst of St. John of Beverley, as also six beades, 
three of which were cornelian, the other crumbled to dust. 
There were also in it 8 great brass pins, and 4 iron nayles. 
Upon this sheet of lead was fixed a plate of lead, whereon was 
this following inscription, a copie of which was sent to A. W. 

Anno ab incarnatione Domini mclxxxviii (1188), combusta fuit 
iuec ecclesia, in mense Stpt, in sequenti nocte post Festum Sancti 
Mattiuri Ajtosttdi, et in anno vcxcvn. (1197), vi Id. Martii, facta 
fiat Inqumtii Heliquutrum Bead Johannu in hoc loco, et inrenta 
*unt httc <Huta in orienUili parte Sepulchri, et hie recondita, et pulvi* 
cemento mijrtus ibidem inventus <C reconditm. 

A box of lead, about 7 inches in length, six inches broad, 
and five in height, did lay athwart the plate of lead. In this 
box were divers pieces of bones mixt with dust, yielding a sweet 
smell. Sep. 14, 1664."— Life of Ant. a Wood. The * sweet 
smell ' reminds us of a Yorkshireman's story. An antiquary 
had carefully preserved the ashes of his grandfather in a small 
urn on the mantel-piece, but, to his consternation, a rude 
Torkshireman, who took a fancy to this snuff, ' snooked' all the 
precious dust up. 



Extinct Yobkshibe Magazines. — Just a century ago the first 
Yorkshire Magazine was started. It consisted of thirty-two 
pages, monthly, 8vo., in double columns. No. 1, " The York- 
shire Magazine for January, 1786," opens with a letter to the 
Editors from E. (of York), who writes — "I have sometimes 
thought it a matter of surprize, that a publication of the above 
kind has never yet been attempted here. The extensiveness of 
the County of York, its population, the celebrity of its capital, 
its distance from the Metropolis, are all considerations favour- 
ing the attempt, and leave little room to fear its being success- 
ful. A similar work published at Edinburgh, and continued 
for some time ; and another lately begun at Newcastle, are the 
only attempts of the kind, that I know of, out of London. 
Magazines are, especially at this day, read with avidity, parti- 
cularly by young people." Notwithstanding this favourable 
opening "The Yorkshire Magazine, or Universal Repository 
of Arts, Sciences, and various other branches of Polite Litera- 
ture, for the Year 1786," as the engraved title reads, ran only 
one year. The last three lines of the Preface to this Sixpenny 
Magazine we venture to appropriate for our venture of 1886 : 
M 77m* aid of the curious and candid is earnestly solicited, as every 
article of instruction, information, and entertainment, which comes 
recommended by merit r wilt ahcays demand a place." 



S YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

A generation passes away, and then another attempt is made 
nnder the style — "Northern Star, or, Yorkshire Magazine," 
No. 1, July, 1817. This was a venture of eighty pages monthly, 
and emanated from Sheffield. This was, in every sense, greatly 
superior to its predecessor, and is very highly valued for its 
intrinsic worth now, and must have commanded admiration 
then. It was 'embellished,' like its forerunner, but in a much 
superior style, and with more attractive subjects. From the 
first number we cull a short paragraph, and would ask our 
Readers' favours in like manner : There are very fete toicns which 
do not 2>088e*8 a something peculiar to themselres. They hare eitlter 
some interesting piece of antiquity; some modern edifice; some 
relit fious estttblishment ; some foundation or chanty school ; or they 
possess some character, which either is, or has been, remarkable for its 
eccentricity, its literature, its patriotism, or some other quality, by 
which it stands distinguished from the general mass of inhabitants. 
For notices of such singularities either in places or in jtersons, as well 
as for the account of tlie vegetable or mineral productiotis, — the agri- 
culture or manufactures of any jtarish or district ; the Editors must 
solicit the communications of tlteir Fiiends" The title page runs: 
" The Northern Star, or, Yorkshire Magazine : a Monthly and 
permanent Register of the Statistics, Literature, Biography, 
Arts, Commerce and Manufactures of Yorkshire, and the 
adjoining Counties." This valuable work ran to a third, or 
part of a fourth volume, that is, lived nearly two years, and, 
alas ! died of heart-disease. 

Nearly two generations pass away, and to the family mem- 
orial tablet must be added the record of the birth and death of 
the third child, — "The Yorkshire Magazine," or as the full 
title reads "The Yorkshire Magazine, a Monthly Literary 
Journal;" bora October, 1871, and ushered into the world 
by The Yorkshire literary Union, Limited. Its favourite 
flower was the White Rose, which even blossomed at Christmas. 
Bradford was its home, and there it struggled on until June, 
1875, when No. 89, or No. 8 of the fourth volume proved its 
death-stroke. The main feature of this child's character was 
story-telling, though many valuable archaeological, biblio- 
graphical, biographical apd poetical contributions were promin- 
ent : embellishments very scarce. 

Eight years passed by, and a fourth " Yorkshire Magazine " 
was anounced, but this was almost strangled at its birth, for 
the title had been transferred to a Bradford printer, who en- 
closed about a dozen pages of London matter in a quarto cover, 
endorsed " Yorkshire Magazine." The true child was born in 
December, 1888, and bore the name "Yorkshire Illustrated 
Monthly.' 1 It lived until August, 1884, and then died of teeth- 
ing in the town of Bradford, where the unhappy-titled London- 
Yorkshire (penny) Magazine still lingers. The Editor hereof 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 9 

issued The Isocal Magazine about 1871, which lived two full 
months, and cost 'a bonny penny.' There has been great 
mortality amongst Yorkshire Serials, especially of late. " The 
Yorkshire Wonderful Magazine, or Notes from my Scrap Book," 
(Bradford again !) opened its pages — like our own — to 

Archaeology, Antiquities, Apparitions, and Amulets. 

B ibliography, Biography, and Ballads. 

C uriosities, Country Customs, and Charms. 

D ialects, Dark Deeds in History, and Deeds of Daring. 

E pitaphs, Eccentric Characters, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes. 

Folk Lore, Fearful Crimes, Famous Men and Women. 

G arlands, Garters, Great Battles, Great Sieges, Inventions. 

H istorical Facts, Heathen Mythology, and Humorous Sketches. 

I nteresting Truths, Impostors, and Impositions. 

J okes of Great Men, Jests. and Jesters. 

K ings, King's Evil, Knaves, and Knavery. 

L ocal Legends and Local History. 

M ysteries, Mutinies, Murders, and Marriage Customs. 

N ature and Art, Naval and Military Heroes. 

Origins, Old Pedigrees, Old Coins, and Belies. 

P opular Tumults, Proverbs, Plays, Players, and Pestilences. 

Queer, Quaint, and Quiet Men and Women, Quacks, and 
Quackery. 

Rhymes, Becords, Bings, Boman Belies, Riots, and Rebellions. 

S uperstition, State Secrets, Sages, Saints, and Scamps. 

Traditions, Topography, Topical, Trophies, Tempests, and 
Tumults. 

Unabolished Laws, Uncaught Scamps, Undaunted Heroes, 
and Unmerciful \ Uains. 

Visions, Verdicts, Veterans, Villainy Unpunished, Valour Un- 
rewarded, and Valorous Deeds. 

W eather Wisdom, Wise Sayings, Wills, Witches, and Witch- 
craft. 

X cellent Traits in Character. 

Yorkshire Customs, Yorkshire Belies, Nature, and Art. 

Zoography, Zoology, and Zoophytes/' 

With such formidable brain-power and a small stomach there 
is no wonder that it died with the fifth issue, having the word 
" Monthly " substituted for " Wonderful." 
To be continued. 



Stanbttoy Quaker Register, ( Haworth). Pages 1 & 2 lost, 
and Title page damaged. Page 8. The birth of Joseph Turner 
the son of Jonas Turner the : 80 : 10 : month Jan. 1668 

The birth of Johnathan Smith the Sonn of Joseph Smith 
the : 28 : of the : 12 : month in the year 1668 



10 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The birth of Annah Tayler the donghter of John Tayler the : 
4 : day of the : 9 : month in the year 167 — 

The birth of Joshua Crabtre the son of Richard Crabtre the 
: 15 : day of the : 6 : month in the year 1682 

The birth of Nathan Clayton the sone of Nathan Clayton 
half an hour past Twelve a Clock in the night Seqen befor the 
: 16 : day of the : 11 : month in the year 1685. 

4 k 5 missing. On page 6 — The birth of Richard Crabtre 
the son of Richard Crabtre the : 20 : day : 6 : month in the 
year 1692 (This is the last entry of births.) 



GDonsartung* ilj* JEarriag* of tlje ptopl* of 
ill* lorfc at $ta|&blrarg. 

fforasmuch as it hath bene Appearantly manefest before vs this 
day Who are here met together at the house of Joseph Smiths 
in Standbury to Wait vpon the lord to be tought of him in the 
pish of haWorth k County of york that Jonas Turner of Lou- 
denden in the pish of Halifax k County of Yorke hath taken to 
Wife Grace Heaton the doughter of Nathan Heaton of Stan- 
dbury in the pish of Haworth k above Said County before vs k 
in our prsence as we are eye Witteneses whose names are vnder 
Written this : 80 : day of the : 2 : month in the year of our 
lord : 16G5 : 

JONAS SMITH JOSEPH SMITH 

JOHN TAYLOR JOHN PIGHEL8 

To all people to whome this prsent Writing shall Consarn 
this may Certifie you that William Smith of Cloughbank in the 
pish of Eighley k County of York husbandman this : 9 : day of 
the : 8 : month in the year of our lord : 1679 : hath taken to 
Wife Susan Smith, of Standbury Within the pish of Bradford 
k County aforsaid Spinster before a lawfull assembley of people 
at the house of Jonas Smiths of Standbury in the aforsaid 
County the said William Smith k Susan Smith having publishd 
the intents of this marrage seuerall times before according to 
the order now vsed amongst Christeans Within this our Realmo 
Afrinds k Relations of both pties being prsent k the thing 
being done with their genarall Consent in Wittness where of 
vnto the pties aboue mentiond haue joyntly put to their hands 
the day k year aboue Written 

-SMITH SMITH 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 11 

On the back of p. 4, in one handwriting : 
The Wittoeses ■ for William k Susan Smith 
Jonas Smith John Smith 

Susan Smith Ghristopr Smith 

Sarah Smith Grace Smith 

Ellin Smith Mary Taylor 

John Pighells Thomas Taylor 

John Clayton Thomas Pearson 

John Brigg 



Gonsarainge th* Stefmng* ©f tlft $topk of 
®lj* Jtovb at JltanbimriJ 

In the : 11 : month : 1661 : 

The Constable haueinge a war ante to bringe in to the 
Sessions such persons as meet together Contrary to the Lawes 
of the nation which came not to their Chourch Soe Caled and 
Soe by his Warrant apprehendes Christopher Smith John 
Jessop Jonas Smith John Pighels John Clayton Bobart Clayton 
William Clayton : Bobart Clayton William Clayton and being 
brought before the Justises at the Sessions at Wakefield and 
the oth of aleagense tendered to them and they Could not 
Sweare for Consience sake was Comitted to the gaile at Yorke 
and pute in amongest to felons because they Could not hire 
Bewmes and beinge soe thronge that they Could not lye downe 
all at once nor not haveinge any bedes for : 8 : nightes together 
and then the gailor beinge trubled Bemoued them into better 
Bomes and soe Bemained prisonars : 18 : weekes and soe being 
Caled before the Judge and Bequired to obey the Kings Lawes 
and goe to there Church and answers beinge made that they 
should obey all Bightons laws but unrightous lawes they Could 
not for Consience Sake and soe haueing a debetation made to 
appeare the next asises went to there outward habetations and 
did appeare the next asises according to their debetation and 
was Released. 

I William Clayton being at a meeting at Padeham the : 20 : 
day of the : 7 : month 1668 to worship the Lord in Spirit k in 
truth k I having a Word of Exortation in my hart to speake 
vnto the people there mett together k being speaking to the 
people there Came the Constable k the Preest with others with 
a Warrant from Colonal Nowell to apprehend some of us k the 
prest Laid vilant hands on me k pulled me down k out of the 
meeting and Soe pulled me into the towns street k I was by 
the Constable and others brought before Thomas Brauddell k 
Thomas Parker Called Justices of the peace for Befusinge to 
Sweare was Comited to the goaill at Lonkaster vntill the next 



12 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

quarter Sesions lioulden at preston in Aroonderness & being 
brought before tbe Justises in the open Sessions & there being 
accused to haue ben at an vnlawfull meeting k to have meet 
prseumptously Contrary to the Laws of the nation & not being 
permited to Reasan with them but the Justises being filled with 
Wrath fined me in fiue pounds And for Refusing to pay the 
fine was comited to prson for thre months & being put in the 
hands of unreasonable bailifs to be Conuaied to the house of 
Corection which for their fees & Drnking pulled of my Coat & 
Coneied me to the house of Corection with out Coat & the 
gouernar there put me in the Dungon fiue dayes & fiue nights 
vntill modrat people of the towne procured my Liberty into 
better Homes & thus like preist like Justise Hke bailiff like 
gouerner all filled with wrath & conspired together to punish 
the Inosent people of the Lord without moderation as men & 
without mercy. 

The Impropreator of bradforthdale demanded tith wooll & 
lambe of Christopher Smith of Haworth for shepe that he had 
& Christopher could not pay tithe for Consience Sake there 
fore the Impropreator Sued him at the Exch. at London & by 
a writ apprehended Chris. & Christopher was Comited to prisan 
at Pontifract & put into the low prisan, & Remained prisan er 
fue yeares 

Comited : 8 : month 1664 Released : 9 month 1669 

William Clayton being at a meeting at Halifax the : 22 : day of 
the : 5 : month (1669) & there was Apprehended by the Constable 
brought before the Justices for Refusing to take the oath of 
Aleiganc wa6 Comited to prisan vntill the next quarter Sessions 
houlden at Wakefeld & there was brought before the Justises in 
the open Sessions & for Refusing to take the oath of Aleigance 
was Comitted to prisan vntill the next quarter Sessions holden 
at Wakefeld & there was brought before the Justises in the 
open Sessions & there being a bill of Inditment drawn ageanst 
the said William for being at an vnlawfull Asembley at Halifax 
as aforsaid & is found by the Jurey & a fine of forty pounds 
was Laid upon him & for not paying the said fine he was Com- 
itted to prison where he Remained thre years & thre months in 
all & then was Released be the Kings pardon & fiue hundred 
more in the Nation of England dominion of Wals & town of 
barweek in the : 9 : month in the year of our lord : 1672 : 

Justis. Will Farrer Will batt frasis Whit Sanforth Neuell 
Edward Copley & Will Louther Justises. 

And Abraham Tillitson Constable & Thomas Akroid Churh- 
war. did make distress of their goods & did take goods from 
Jonas Smith to the vallew of forty shillings & from William 
Clayton goods to the vallew of forty Shillings the : 14 : day of 
the : 5 : month 1696 & made Saill of the goods & Returned the 
oner plush to Jonas Smith Sixpence & to William Clayton 
Seuen Shillings in goods. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 18 

• Joseph Smith being at a meeting at Halifax the : 22 : day of 
the : 5 : month & being apprehended by the Constable & 
brought before the Justises & for Refusing to take the oath of 
aleigens was Gomitted to prison vntill the next quarter Sessions 
houlden at Wakefeld & there being brought before the Justises 
in the open Sessions & for Refusing to take the oath of Aleig- 
anee was Comitted to prison vntill the next quarter Sessions & 
there at Wakefeld was brought before the Justises in the open 
Sessions Was seet at liberty being near nine months prisoner 
being Comitted by Will farrer Will Batt francis Whitt Edward 
Copley & Sanforth Neuell Justises in the year of our lord : 1669 
ffrance Pemberton prest of Bradforth demanded Small Tithes 
of Jonas Smith & William Clayton for Twenty years past & 
according to a lat act of parlament mad in the : 7 : year of the 
Beigne of King William the : 8 : Called an act for the Spedy 
Recouery of Small Tithes hath prseeded According to the act 
to make his Compleant to Robert ffarrand & Beniaman Wade 
Justises of the peace & they gave forth a warrant for said Jon. 
Smith & Will Clayton to appear before them to shew their 
Reasons why they would not pay Small Tithes & Will Clayton 
did appear & shewed his Reasons why they could not pay Small 
Tithes before the said Justises & Two prests & they did prseed 
to giue forth a Warrant to the Constable & Church, of Haworth 
to make destress of tbe goods of Jon. Smith & Will Clayton for 
charges & all of Jon. Smith the sum of 11 5s & of Will Clayton 
11. 10s lOd. See Eighley the ii 



(RonsJLnunge &b* Suriall of ®b* Seab JUt 
%\}t taring* plare JUt £ianbIrartT 

The buriall of Sonn Still borne to Jonas Smiths the : 8 : day 
of the : 8 : month in the yeare 1656 

The buriall of John Jecorngill the : 28 : day of the : 6th : 
month in the yeare 1659 

The buriall of Michell Crosley the : 18 : day of the first 
month in the year 1660 

The buriall of Ellen Smith the doughter of Christopher 
Smith the : 21th : day of the : 10 : month in the yeare 1660 

The buriall of margrat Smith the Wife of Christopher Smith 
the : 8th. day of the : 2 : month in the year 1661 

The buriall of Robart Clayton the : 21 : day of the : 6 : month 
in the yeare 1662 

The buriall of Sarrah Crosley the : 29 : day of the : 7 : month 
in the year 1664 

The buriall of Susan Smith the wife of Jonas Smith the : 11 
: day of the fourt month in the year 1681 [correct date.] 



14 YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUEBIE8. 

The burial of Mary Clayton the Wife of John Clayton the : 
12 : day of the : 8 : month in the year 1667 

TJie buriall of Ann Smith the wife of Joseph Smith the : 25 
day of the : 8 : month in the year 1669 

The buriall of Jonathan Smith the son of Joseph Smith the 
: 11 : day of the : 8 : month in the year 1669 

The buriall of Robert Smith the sonn of Jonas Smith the : 1 
: day of the : 6 : month in the year 1678 

The buriall of Joseph Smith of Standbury the : 22 : day of 
the : 11 : month in the year 1676 

The buriall of Martha Smith the : 28 : day of the : 12 : 
monthe in the year 1681 

The buriall of John Taylor the : 8 : day of the : 1 : month in 
the year 1681 

The buriall of Patieance Taylor the Wife of John Taylor the 
; 9 : day of the : 1 : month in the year 1681 

The buriall of Joseph Turnar the sone of Jonas Tttrnar the : 
9 : day of the : 9 : month in the year 1688 

The buriall of Grace Pighels the Wife of John Pighels the : 
21 : day of the : 10 : month in the year 1685 

The buriall of Grace Pighels the donghter of John Pighels 
the : 18 : day of the : 11 : month in the year 1685 

The buriall of John Pighels of Standbury the : 6 : day of the 
: 2 : monthe in the year 1685 

The buriall of Mary Clayton the doughter of John Clayton 
the 20 day of the : 8 : month 1686 

The buriall of Eline Bobart the Wif of Joseph Robart the 
Twelft day of the ninth month in the year of our lord 1686 

The buriall of Sarah Smith the doughter of Jonas Smith the 
: 16 : day of the : 8 : month in the year 1688 

The buriall of Nathan Clayton the Sixth day of the third 
month in the year 1690 

The buriall of Susan Pighels the Leaventh day of the third 
month in the year 1690 

The buriall of Ann Pighels the 22 : day of the : 8 month in 
the year 1690 

The buriall of Christopher Smith the : 20 : day of the fourth 
month in the year 1690 

The buriall of Edmond Turnar the twenty fourth day of the 
: 8 : month in the year 1690 

The buriall of Martha Clayton the wife of John Clayton the : 
20 day of the first month in the year 1694 

The burial of Bichard Crabtre the sone of Riohard Crabtre 
the : 9 : day of the : 12 : month in the year 1694 

The buriall of Elessabeth Pighels the : 18 : day of the Tenth 
month in the year 1694 

The buriall of Bobart Turner the : 26 : day of the : 10 : 
month 1694 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 15 

The bnriall of Martha Widap the : 10 : day of the : 7 : month 
1698 

The bnrieall of Jonas Smith the : 14 : day of the : 2 : month 
in the : 82 : year of his age 1699 

The Bnriall of Mary Clayton the Wife of Michaell Clayton 
the : 21 : day of the : 2 : month in the year of onr Lord 1699 

the bnriall of John Smith the 20 : day of May 1699 

The Bnriall of William Clayton the : 12 : day of th : 4 : 
month 1699 

The bnriall of William Clayton the 5 day of th 8 month in 
the year 1700 

The Bnriall of William Pighels the : 8 : day of th : 9 : month 
in the year 1700 

Sarah Clayton Widdow to Wm Claton Buried the 16 day of 
ye 9th month her husband died in 1699 as above 1700 

William Clayton of Stanbnry Taken out of ye Body the 2d 
day of the 8th month and buried the 5th of the same 1700 

Sara Clayton Wife of the Same William Clayton Taken out 
of the Body the 28th of the 9th month and was buried the 3d 
of the 10 month 1700 

Sara Smith Daughter of Jonas Smith of Cold Knowle near 
Stanbnry Taken out of the Body the 28th of the 10th month 
and buried the 27th of the same at friends burying place in 
Stanbnry 1700 

Jonas Turner of Scoles in the Parish of Eighley and County 
of York Buried in ye Burying place in Stanbnry the Day of 
ye 5th month in the year 1705 

John Clayton near Stanbnry in the parish of Haworth De- 
parted this Life the 28d day of ye 2d month and was Buryed 
the 25th of ye same in friends Burying plaoe at Stanbnry 1718 



Latter Day 'Sinner,' — A gravestone in Idel Churchyard, 
now turned with inscription out of sight, bears the follow- 
ing : "In memory of Lorenzo de Barnes, who died Dec. 20, 

1840 He was a native of the United States, an Elder of the 

Church of Jesus Christ, of the Latter Day Saints, a Member of 
the High Priest's Quorum in Zion's Camp in the year 1884. 
He was one of the first Gospel Messengers from Novou who 
has found a grave in a foreign land. 

Sleep on Lorenzo erelong from this 

The conquered grave shall yield its captive prey, 
Then with thy Quorum shalt thou reign in bliss 
As king and priest to an eternal day." 
The grave did yield his body, for it was removed one mid- 
night about 1858, by leave of the Home Secretary, we presume, 
and conveyed to America. E. Hutchinson. 



16 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

A Yorkshire Scholarship Examination. — Mr. W. Claridge, 
M.A., of the Grammar School, Bradford, writes : — 

Will you allow me to call attention to the present administra- 
tion of a valuable public trust ? In doing so I wish to assure 
those who are concerned that it is far from my wish to com- 
ment on the past, or to express dissatisfaction with what is 
beyond recall, but simply to make such a plain statement of 
fact as shall lead to an immediate and necessary reform. 

The Rev. William Akroyd, rector of Marston, near York, in 
1518, founded the scholarship in question, and it is now thrown 
open to competition to boys of Yorkshire schools who are pro- 
ceeding to the universities. The value and number of the 
scholarships vacant seem to vary in a remarkable way. This 
year there was one vacancy. The examination lasted two days. 
I hope that the following account of the examination will prove 
the need of an alteration in the system. On the first day three 
papers were set. The first — from 9.0 to 12.80 — was a Latin 
paper, and consisted of a stiff piece of " prose," four pieces of 
" unseen," from Livy, Cicero de Amicitia, Catullus, and Lucre- 
tius, and several questions on grammar. After only half-an- 
hour's interval a paper was set on elementary mathematics, 
and lasted from 1.0 to 8.80. In 20 minutes more a third 
paper, on history and geography, was set, and lasted till six. 
Here, I maintain, were two errors of judgment. It is prepos- 
terous — and in the interests of the candidates we are bound to 
protest against it — that boys should undergo a severe examin- 
ation for nine hours together with only two short intervals of 
thirty and twenty minutes respectively. The other error, and 
it is one which every classical scholar will join in condemning, 
consists in including " prose," " unseen " pieces, and grammar 
in a single paper which was intended as a test of classical 
scholarship. 

On the second day there were again three papers. The first 
consisted of Greek " unseen," and included Demosthenes adv. 
Leptinem, Thucydides, ^Eschylus Prometheus vinctus, and 
Sophocles (Edipus Bex; a few grammatical questions and 
about eight lines of " prose " were added. The second paper 
consisted of French and German. The paper announcing the 
examination said French or German, but the examiner allowed 
candidates to do both. This paper, be it remarked, was much 
below the standard of the Lower Certificate of the Oxford and 
Cambridge Board. The last paper was in higher mathematics. 
Finally, candidates were not allowed to bring away with them 
copies of the questions. 

I think, Sir, I have proved my case that there is urgent need 
for reform. The examination as at present conducted gives 
absolutely no clue to the real abilities of the candidates. I 
venture to hope that those who have charge of this trust will 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 17 

see that next year the examination is conducted on rational 
and, I may add, humane principles. 

Ackboyd's Exhibition, (from the Liber Scholasticus, 1829.) 
William Ackroyd by his will, bearing date 12th September, 
1518, willed and devised that Henry Ackroyd fend Edmund, his 
brother, with Henry Draper, and other feoffees, who then occu- 
pied the lands and tenements of him, the said William Ackroyd, 
should keep one scholar at the University of Oxford or Cam- 
bridge, until the end of the world, and that such scholar should 
be near unto him, the said William Ackroyd. in blood, and of 
his name ; and if there should not be one of his name able or 
fit, the said Henry Ackroyd and Edmund, his brother, and 
Henry Draper, should choose one able and fit, near to him in 
blood, and of another name ; and when that scholar should be 
there beneficed to the value of 10 marks per annum, the feoffees 
should keep another there out of their expenses, to the value of 
six marks and one noble by the year, and not above ; and if 
there should be none capable of his blood, the feoffees should 
choose one out of Marston or Hutton who was able, so that 
there should be always one. 

By an inquisition and decree of commissioners of charitable 
uses, bearing date the 22d May, 1699, after reciting the will, 
and that it had been found by the jurors that one Richard 
Nettleton, and others therein named, had acted as trustees of 
the lands given to the charitable use, lying in Batley, being of 
the value of 132. 10s. per annum, without any authority, and 
had nominated a scholar in Cambridge to receive the rents and 
profits of the said lands in Batley, who was not of the blood 
of the donor, nor belonging to Marston or Hutton ; it was de- 
creed, that Thomas Crofts, and three other persons therein 
named, with the Rector of Long Marston, for the time being, 
should be trustees for the said charitable use, and that they, or 
the greater number of them, should from time to time demise 
the said lands and tenements to the best advantage of the 
seholar so to be sent to either of the Universities, and should 
from thenceforth nominate such scholar, pursuant to the will, 
and receive the rents and profits of the premises, and pay the 
same according to the true intent and meaning thereof; and 
upon every departure or removal of such scholar, should elect 
another, so as always to keep a scholar at the University ; and 
thai when any of the trustees should die, the survivors, or a 
majority of them, should elect others in their place, so that 
the same number of trustees, and no more, might continue for 
ever. 

The present trustees of the charity are, Thomas Perrott, Esq., 

of Sandford Park, Oxfordshire, the Rev. Joseph Smith, Vicar of 

Kirby Moorside, the Rev. Waite Robinson, Rector of Badenham, 

in Herefordshire, and James Croft, Rector of Saltwood, in the 

y.n.q. c 



18 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

county of Kent, and Alexander Origan, D.D., the present 
Rector of Long Marston. 

From a manuscript account of the charity, of a very early 
date, in the possession of one of the trustees, it has been sup- 
posed that the property comprised in the bequest or devise of 
the said William Ackroyd, consisted of lands, lying part in the 
parish of Batley, and part in that of Buerley, in the West 
Biding of this county ; but the only property now held by the 
trustees, or that can be traced into their possession from the 
time of the inquisition in 1699, and even before that period, is 
the estate of Batley therein mentioned, which is situate near 
Leeds, and consists of four ancient houses, a barn, and sundry 
inclosures, containing all together 82a. 1b. 18p., in the occupa- 
tion of several different tenants from year to year, at the annual 
rent of 1081. 18*. being the full value. 

The estate is under the management of an agent, who receives 
and applies the rent, subject to necessary out-goings, to the 
use of a student at one of the Universities of Oxford or Cam- 
bridge, who continues to enjoy the same as an exhibition, for 
the term of three years and a half, when another is appointed 
to receive the benefit of it. The objects of the charity are se- 
lected by the trustees from the founder's kin, and their places 
are supplied as vacancies arise ; but from the distance at which 
several of the trustees reside from each other, some incon- 
venience is experienced in the execution of the trust. 

An account of receipts and disbursements is kept by the 
agent, Mr. John Moisier, of Huntington, near York, and the 
account is examined and audited by the trustees from time to 
time. 

Will of Sib William Akbboyd, Priest. — In the name of 
God, Amen. Sep. 12, 1518. I, William Akeroyd, sound in 
mind, but old and weak in body, do make my will in this man- 
ner: First, I bequeath my soul to Almighty God, and the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, and to All Saints, and my body to be 
buried in my chancel of Marston, otherwise Hoton-Wandsly, 
by the body of my mother. Item, I bequeath my best beast to 
the most reverend Father in Christ, Lord Thomas, Cardinal of 
Borne, of the title of St. Cecilia, and Archbishop of York, or 
any other having canonical possession of that See, as my 
Mortuary. Item, I bequeath to a fitt Priest, seven marks of 
good lawful money of England, that he may pray for my soul, 
and for the souls of my parents, and all my benefactors, for the 
space of one year in the said church ; and one gradual, and two 
quarters of fine flour, to the four Orders of Brethren in the city 
of York, to be divided amongst them. Item, I bequeath two 
quarters of malt, made of barley, to the poor of my parishioners. 
Excerpta Antiqua. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 19 

Fire op London. — The following is a copy of a letter pre- 
served at Shibden Hall, written by Mrs. Phoebe Lister to her 
son. 

Samuell. 

I need not aquaint yon with the lamentable acsedent 
that hath befalne Londun. I know yon haue heard of it and 
indeed it is a most heuy judgement not only upon them but 
upon the whole land. John received a leter this day from my 
cosen Thomas he saith that the Lord hath delt gratiously with 
them tho their house be burnt yet much of their best goods is 
safe. Thomas Dicanson hath writ to Mr. Palin that he is now 
redused to the same condition he was at first and where as he 
hath been able to releeve others he fears he shall now nede re- 
leefe. I suppose yon have a great losse with the rest at Blacwell 
Hall, but we must be content to submit to the wise providence 
of God, and as we have had a hand in the sin that hath 
brought this judgement so let us be content to submit to the 
punishment. I would not have you discouraged, but trust in 
the Lord, he hath bidden us cast our care upon him, and he 
will certainly prouide for his in these said prouidences. I have 
not yet heard anything of Jerimie, whether he be alive or no. 
Remember my love to Mary, and to all our frends at Shibden 
Hall and lower brear. 

Your louing Mother, 

PHEBE LISTER. 
Writ whether my bridle came home with the hors or no. 

The letter is directed at the back — 

For Mr. Samuel 

Lister, at Upper 

Brea, nigh Hallifax 
but bears no mark indicative of the process by which it was 
conveyed thither. 

Knighthood. — Mr. John Lister, father of the Samuel above- 
mentioned, was fined £10 for declining to be knighted at the 
coronation of Sing Charles the First. The receipt for this £10, 
of which the following is a copy, is preserved to this day, in the 
family records at Shibden Hall. 

Sexto die mends Octobris annoq e Regni Eegno Caroli Anglice 
etc Sexto 1630. 

Eboru. Receaved tlie day and yeare above said of John 
Lister of North Owram, in tlie county of York gent: tlie some 
of Ten pounds. And it is in discharge of a Composicon by him 
made witli my selfe and others his mat Comissioners for com- 
pounding the fynes and forfeitures for not attending and 
receaveing the order of Knighthood at his ma t9 Coronacon 
according to the lawe in that case provided. I say receaved tlie 
somme of x lb. Wbntwobthk. J.H.T. 



20 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR YORK, 
17181882. 

General Election, 1718— Sir Wm. Robinson, Bt., 1868, 
Robert Fairfax, Esq., 885 ; Tobias Jenkins, Esq., 802. Total 
votes— 8005. 

Gen. EL, 1714— Robinson, 1888; Jenkins, 1225; Fairfax, 
844. Total 8457. Upwards of 400 persons were admitted to 
their freedom purposely to vote for Mr. Jenkins. Claimants of 
freedom by patrimony or apprenticeship have now to give a 
fall month's notice of claim, and can vote as soon as admitted. 
Those who purchase their freedom cannot vote for twelve 
months. 

Gen. EL, 1722.— Sir Wm. Milner, Bt., 1421; Edward 
Thompson, Esq., 1899; Sir Tancred Robinson, Bt., 1076. 
Total 8896. 

Gen. EL, 1727.— Milner and Thompson. Nem. con. 

Gen. EL, May 1784.— Rt. Hon. Edward Thompson, re- 
elected, and Sir John Lister Kaye, Bt., vice Sir W. Milner. 

Gen. EL, May 18, 1741.— Rt. Hon. Edward Thompson, 1447; 
Godfrey Wentworth, Esq., 1825 ; Sir John Lister Kaye, Bt., 
1815 : Sir Wm. Milner, Bt., 1115. Total 5202. There were 
only 27 single votes, which were given to Mr. Thompson. Sir 
W. "Milner withdrew after the first day. 

Election, vice Rt. Hon. Ed. Thompson, deceased, 8 July, 
1742. Sir John Lister Kaye, Bt.. was nominated, but declined 
next day, and strenuously recommended George Fox, Esq., 
who was elected on the 21st, and great rejoicings took place on 
the day of chairing. 

Gen. EL, June 27, 1747.— George Fox, Esq., re-elected. 
William Thornton, Esq., vice Godfrey Wentworth, Esq. Henry 
Ibbotson, Esq., of Leeds, and Mr. Wentworth retired. 

Gen. EL, April 15, 1754.— George Fox-Lane, Esq., was 
re-elected, and Sir John Armytage, Bart., was chosen in the 
room of Wm. Thornton, Esq., who had retired. 

Election, 1768, consequent on the melancholy death of Sir 
John Armytage, who lost his life in an expedition on the coast 
of France. Sep. 25th, Wm. Thornton, Esq., was nominated. 
Mr. Robert Lane, son of Mr. George Fox Lane, of Bramham 
Park, came to an agreement to withdraw, but broke his word, 
and the election took place December 1st to 7th. Thornton, 
1289 ; Robert Lane, 994. William Jolliff, Esq., of Nunmonk- 
ton, was chaired for Mr. Thornton. 

Gen. EL, March 27, 1761.— Sir George Armytage, Bart., 
and Robert Lane, Esq., who were chaired in usual manner. 
Mr. Fox-Lane and Mr. Thornton refused re-nomination. 

Gen. EL, March 21, 1768.— The Hon. Lord John Cavendish 
and Charles Turner, Esq. Sir George had declined to stand, 
and recommended Mr. Turner, of Kirkleatham, in his stead, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 21 

who was nominated with Mr. Kobert Lane. Mr. Lane also 
withdrew on account of bad health. Great feastings took place 
on the 21st, the day of chairing. 

Gen. EL, October, 1774. — Lord John Cavendish and Mr. 
Turner offered their services, but Martin Bladen Hawke, Esq., 
son of Sir Edward Hawke, Ent., who had petitioned to be 
admitted to the freedom of the city, and was admitted at a 
house held at Onse-bridge Hall, declared himself a candidate. 
On the 10th of October, after parading the streets on horseback, 
the three candidates proceeded to Guildhall, and the poll began. 
A mob of young men who claimed their freedom, but had not 
given due notice, caused such commotion next day, that a post- 
ponement took place for that day. On the 16th the votes 
stood— Turner, 828 ; Cavendish, 807 ; Hawke, 647 ; Total, 2282. 
The two first were thereupon chaired through the principal 
streets of the city. Mr. Hawke had 537 plumpers, and only 
1419 polled. 

Gen. El., Sep. 11th, 1780. — Lord John Cavendish, and 
Charles Turner, Esq., unopposed. Instead of balls and treats, 
they gave, through their committee, a considerable sum to poor 
freemen. 

Election, April 8, 1782. — Rt. Hon. Lord John Cavendish 
was re-elected without opposition, having vacated his seat by 
accepting the office of Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of H.M. 
Exchequer. He resigned the Chancellorship in July 1782, on 
the death of the Marquis of Rockingham. 

Election, April 8, 1788, having accepted the same office 
again, Lord John Cavendish asked re-election, and was elected 
nem. con. Peregrine Wentworth, Esq., acted as his proxy. 

Election, Nov. 17th, 1788.— Vice Sir Charles Turner, Bart., 
deceased. Charles Slingsby Duncombe, Esq., was nominated 
Oct. 81. Lord Visct. Galway, who had retired, was induced to 
become a candidate, and Mr. Duncombe retired. Lord Galway 
was chaired Nov. 17th. 

Gen. EL, 1784, March 81— April 6th, Lord Visct. Galway, 
1088 ; Richard Slater Milnes, Esq., 1024 ; Rt. Hon. Lord John 
Cavendish, 918 ; Sir Wm. Mordaunt Milner, Bart., 812 ; total, 
8882. The two former were declared duly elected, and chaired. 

Gen. EL, June 18, 1790.— Richard Slater Milnes, Esq., 
re-elected. Sir Wm. M. Milner, Bart., vice Lord Galway, 
resigned. Chaired. 

Gen. El., May 27, 1796.— Sir W. M. Milner, Bart., and R. S. 
Milnes, Esq., re-elected. Chaired. 

Gen. EL, July 5, 1802.— Sir W. M. Milner, Bart., re-elected. 
The Hon. Lawrence Dundas, vice B. S. Milnes, Esq., who had 
resigned on account of ill-health. Chaired. Great feastings. 

Gen. EL, Oct. 81, 1806. Milner and Dundas, re-elected. 



22 YORKSHIRE NOTE8 AND QUERIES. 

Gen. El., 1807.— On the Nomination Day, May 7th, Sir W. 
M. Milner, and Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, Barts., were 
declared eleoted by show of hands, but the Hon. Lawrence 
Dundas demanded a poll, which was concluded May 14th. 
Milner, 1454; Sykes, 1816; Dundas, 967. Total, 8787. 
Number of Freemen who voted was 2288. The two Members 
were chaired as usual. 

Election, 1811.— Vice Sir W. M. Milner's decease. Hon. 
Lawrence Dundas, then Lord Mayor, was almost unanimously 
approved. Unopposed. Chaired. 

Gen. EL, 1812. — Dundas and Sykes, unopposed. Chaired 
Oct. 6th. 

Gen. EL, 1818.— The Hon. L. Dundas, and Sir Wm. Mor- 
daunt Milner, Bart., of Nun-Appleton, son of the late Sir 
William M. Milner, who had faithfully represented York in five 
Parliaments, were invited to stand nomination. Sir Wm. de- 
clining, Wm. Bryan Cooke, Esq., eldest son of Sir George 
Cooke, Bart., of Wheatley, who began his canvassing five days 
after his opponents. Dundas and Cooke secured the show of 
hands, but Sir M. M. Sykes demanded a poll, which commenced 
on Friday, June 19th. At the close of the fourth day, Col. 
Cooke withdrew. Sir M. M. Sykes and Aid. Chaloner (as proxy 
for Mr. Dundas, who suffered in health in consequence of 
heavy domestic affliction) were chaired. The numbers stood at 
the end of the fourth day — Dundas, 1446; Sykes, 1276 ; Cooke, 
1055. Sir M. M. Sykes had 902 plumpers. The list of voters 
has been printed. 

Gen. EL, 1820, March 8th- 18th.— Hon. Lawrence Dundas, 
1647; Marmaduke Wyvill, Esq., 1527; Lord Howden, 1201— of 
whom 1072 were plumpers. The list of voters was published 
in book form. 

Election, 1820. — Hon. Lawrence Dundas succeeded to the 
peerage as Lord Dundas, and Robert Chaloner, Esq., was 
elected June 28th. 

Gen. EL, 1826.— The ' Blue party ' had taken measures for 
regaining their share in the representation which was lost in 
1820, owing to the late appearance of Lord Howden. Col. 
Wilson, of Sneaton Castle, came out as Blue Candidate, and 
was returned, with Marmaduke Wyvill, Esq., the Hon. Thomas 
Dundas having retired after two days' canvass. 

Gen. EL, 1880, July 29th-August 8rd.— Samuel Adlam 
Bayntun, Esq., (Tory), 1928 ; Hon. Thomas Dundas, 1907 ; 
Hon. E. R. Petre, 1792. 

Gen. EL, 1881.— Reform test. Bayntun and Dundas re- 
elected without opposition. 

Gen. EL, 1882.— First Reform-Bill Election. The poll, 
limited now to two days, commenced Dec. 11th. The result 
was declared on the 18th. Hon. E. R. Petre, 1505 ; S. A. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



23 



Bayntun, Esq,, 1140; John Henry Lowther, Esq., 884 ; Hon. 
Thomas Dtmdas, 872. 

EBOB. 

%* A continuation will be thankfully received. — Ed. 



Incised Memorial Cross Slabs at Ripley. — In the church- 
yard of Ripley, in Nidderdale, is a number of incised memorial 
slabs, brought there from the ruins of the old church, or 
"Sinking Chapel," which formerly stood near to where the 
railway station is now situate. The materials of the old church 
are said to have been used, about a.d. 1400, to build the pre- 
sent structure. 




The design on eight of the slabs is similar to that on no. 2, 
in the sketch appended ; some of the crosses having shafts, and 
some being without. Three bear a cross like no. 4, and there 
is one of the pattern shewn in no. 8. Most of them are of small 
size. The most peculiar of the slabs bears a design on each 
side, sketched in figure 1. This has often been a puzzle to 
antiquaries, and doubtless many readers besides myself would 
like to know the meaning of the vessel represented on it ; and 
also the approximate dates of all the designs. S. M., Calverley. 



ANCIENT SESSION NOTES EXTRACTED FROM 
THE ORIGINALS. 

Pillory. — Whereas James Oiler ton, of Bowling, was indicted 
at these Sess: [Leeds, July, 1677,] for a comon barracter, 
and upon his travse to the same was found guilty — whereupon 
the Corte ordered That for the said offence he should stand vpon 
the comon pillorye at the mkt townes of Leeds, Bradforth, and 



24 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Hallifax on the next market dayes, one houre at each towne 
each day between the homes of eleven and two of the clocke, 
with a paper sett on his head with this Inscription in Text 
letters to witt : James Ollerton, a comon barracter, and then be 
taken to gaol at York Castle till he find sureties for good behavr 
for 7 years. 

Poor Belief. — John Sharp, aged 3, son of Samuell Sharp, 
of Manningham, late soldyer in H.M. service ; petition for his 
relief and support, 1680. 

Ordered that the Chwdns and Overseers of the poor of Skip- 
ton pay and allow one Mr. Ann Mott, being sprung of that good 
family of the Malhams, five shillings monthly being now growne 
into great want and necessity, 1680. 

Coal Pit. — David Hartley, sinking a Colepitt in Barkerend 
in Bradford, by misfortune of a fall of earth was most lamenta- 
bly crushed; petitions for relief, Wakefield, October, 1687. 

Oaths. — John Sharp of Alford, Lincolnshire, Clerk, produced 
[Wakefield, October, 1688,] certificate from the hands of the 
Vicar of Bradford of having received the Sacrament, and then 
in open court took the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and 
subscribed to Test Act. 

Eavesdropbeb. — Bichard Whitehead, of Horton, was charged 
with frequenting the house of Thomas Wainwright, innkeeper, 
Bradford, as an eavesdropper. Wakefield, January, 1690 

CAKRIEB8 , Bates.— Pontefract, April, 1692, rates fixed by the 
Justices according to the late Act of Parliament : 

London to Leeds, Halifax, &c, Id. per pound throughout 
the year. 

London to places twenty miles further than Leeds, 2d. per 
stone more than the said penny, and so for every additional 
twenty miles. 

York to Wakefield or any place twenty miles from York, 2d. 
per stone, proportionable by greater or less distance. 

By Carts : Leeds to Selby and Turnbridge: a truss containing 
four horse packs— May-day to Mchlmas, 6s. 6d. ; Mmas to 
Xmas, 10s. 6d. ; Xmas to May-day, 15s. 6d. ; and so ac- 
cording to weight and distance. 

Selby, Turnbridge to Leeds, &c, May-day to Mchlmas, 12s. 
per tunne ; Mmas to Xmas, 18s. per tunne ; Xmas to May- 
day, 24s. per tunne. A fine of £5 liable to be imposed if 
carriers demanded more. 

Fibes.— Edward Bradley, of Horbury, gent., late captain m 
royal cause, having suffered imprisonment, and had four con- 
siderable houses accidently burnt downe att the cittye of Yorke, 
petitions for grant from the riding; Pontefract, 1675. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 25 

Peticon of Richard B&ttye of Kilnsey to the magistrates at 
Skipton, 1675, — " Losse of goods by a sudaine accident of fire 
which happened unfortunately for to, burne all the dwelling- 
house wherein he inhabited, and barne together with much of 
hie household stufle and other goods whereby yor. petr. was 
quite beggerd and ever since hath suffered great misery for want 
of some residence ;"* petitions for relief against winter. 

On Thursday, April 1st, there hapned a sudden, sad, and 
lamentable fire at Snaith, betwixt the houres of twelve and one 
of the clock in the night, wch, in two houres time, burnt and 
consumed eight dwelling-houses with sevrall barne s, stables, 
kilnes, and other outhouses, together with the goods and chat- 
tels of yor. petitioners, the losse whereof doth amount unto 
£1002 lis. 6d., as shown to the Hon. Ld. Yisct. Downe. Peti- 
tion, Pontefract, April 1686, that justices present the same to 
his Matie and his honourable Councill to the end yor. petitioners 
may obteyne his Matie's Gratious lettrs Pattern [patent,] for 
the gathering the charity of all well disposed persons in the 
countyes of Yorke, Lincoln and Nottingham. 

Doncaster, January 1682, vpon consideracon had of .ye hum- 
ble petticon of Thomas Oervas of Whiston setting forth That 
vpon Sonday the nyneteenth day of November last, between the 
houres of eleaven and twelve of the clock in the night tyme, 
there happened a soddayne and lamentable fyre in said Towne 
of Whiston first beginning in the dwelling-house of the said 
Thomas Gervas without any propr. fault or negligence of his 
owne and by reason of a great wynd in a short time burnt to 
the ground the dwelling-house of the said Thomas Gervas with 
all the out-houses, kilne, corne chambers, and other buildings 
conteyneing nyneteen bages and consumed most of his corne, 
hay and other goods whieh did amount in the whole to £150. 
Ordered a collection to be made in all parish churches and 
chappells in the riding, and the ministers there are desyred to 
stirr upp their people to contribute freely to soe pyous a work. 

Skipton, July, 1684 ; petition for the King's letters patent on 
account of loss by fire at Sicklinghall in Kirby Overblow of 28 
houses, 2 barns, kilns, &c, valued at £1180 05 00. and value 
of goods lost £843 12 00. 

Skipton, July, 1690; fire at Ffollyfoot, four houses, four 
barns, &c, value £516 17 06. 

Pontefract, April, 1696 : the vallue of the losse of ffewston 
Church viewed and vallued by substantiall workmen whose 
names are hereunder written : 

Imp. the value of the stone worke, plasteringe, leading and 
glasse £855 ; for the roofe, £249 18s. ; sleepers, boards 
and seats in ye church £110 ; ye pulpit, reading Box and 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

bannisters betwixt ye church and Quire and four doores 
£9 00 09 ; whole losse is £728 18 09. 






The Justices sent an address to the Lord Keeper of the Great 
Seale respecting the great and suddain fire at ffewston Church 
through the negligence of the plumber who was repairing the 
leads. 

Witchcraft. — Whereas Michael Woodhouse of Wadsley, 
Tayler, for professing to declare where stolen goods were to be 
found — being a breach of the Statute concerning Witchcraft, 
has failed to find sureties for good behaviour, ordered to be sent 
to York gaol till he find such sureties. Barnsley, Oct. 1677. 

Margaret Reyner, of Wentworth, went to Michael Woodhouse 
(just mentioned,) to know who had stolen a spoon, and he des- 
cribed a young man. He demanded a shilling ; she gave him 
fourpence, all she had. Oct. 1677. 

William Wilkinson, of Parkgate in Ecclesfield, bound to 
answer for goeinge to a Wizard or Wiseman to enquire for a 
shirt which hee had lost. Don caster, 1677. 

Scolds. — Whereas Ann wife of Henry Greene of Cudworth, 
and Ann Anderson of the same, stand eevrally indicted these 
Sess. for common scowlds and disturbers of his Mats, peace 
and being called in open corte to plead to the said Indictment 
did both of them enter their travrses but did not fynd suertyes 
for ther good behavyer wch they refused to doe. These are 
therefore in his Mats, name to will and require you to receave 
into yr Gaole (York Castle) the bodyes of the said Ann Greene 
and Ann Anderson till they fynd sufficient suertyes. Barnsley, 
Oct. 1677. 

Eliza wife of Joshua Rhodes, of Earlsheaton, tried for a 
oomon scould. 1678. 

Whereas Sarah wife of Mathew Lund, of Wakefield, stands 
Indicted and convicted at these Sees, for a comon Skowld, a 
great Disturber of her neighbours : It is therefore ordered by 
this Corte that the said Sarah Lund bee sett vpon the markett 
Crosse at Wakefield the next friday being the Markett Day 
there to remayne by the space of one hour with a papr. signi- 
fyinge her offence. Pontefract, Apr. 1680. 

Treason and Oaths. — Tour petitioner (Robert Rainer, Master 
of the House of Correction at Wakefield,) was ordered by Sir 
John Eay and Mr. Horton to maintayne one James Trenchard 
committ to yor petticonr. for beeing suspected to have been in 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 27 

the late plott, yor petticonr. hath kept him a quarter of a yeare 
which cost him 20s. Pontefraot, April, 1686. 

Robert Beyner, of Wakefield, gent., Keeper of the Prison, 
took the sacrament, 1675. 

1693. Henry Hemingway gives information, saying that, 
being sent for by Mr. Edward Deane, Vicar of Batley, to the 
house of Michael Parker, in Dewsbnry, alehouse keeper, 
Nathaniel Burd, gent., of Dewsbury, talking about the B. of 
Boyne, said that King William was but a rebel. 

1692. John Barton, of Kighley, bound to appear for drinking 
Sing James' health. 

Magistrates had to produce periodically certificates from the 
vicar, churchwardens, and two other witnesses, that they took 
the sacrament as administered at the Church of England. They 
were also required to deny the doctrine of tran substantiation. 
John Gibson, minister of the Parish Church of Hartshead, and 
others testify that Sir John Armytage received the sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper there, 1677. 

John Ellis of Bumsall, charged with uttering treasonable 
words. Knaresborough, Oct,, 1677. 

The Battle of Mons was much talked about. A carrier is 
charged with saying that he knew where £700 was held for 
King James. Leeds, July, 1691. 

Thomas Bentley, constable, of Southowram, indicted Thomas 
Wakefield for not going to the Parish Church at Halifax, calling 
the constable a fforsworne rogue, and saying the king's precept 
was a f&atching paper ; and others of the locality indicted for 
not receiving the sacrament. 1675. 

The collectors of the " ffire-hearth tax " were required to 
take the oath. 1676. 

William Woofenden, constable, of Quarmby, on oath, 1677, 
gave information, as collector of H. Maties revenue of hearth- 
money, against William Hirst, of Quarmby, for saying, when 
arrested for hearth-dues, that Woofenden was a knave, and Sir 
John Eaye was a knave, and said that soon one could not let a 
f— rt but a Justice of Peace was ready to send out his warrant. 
Fined £10. Leeds, 1677. 

William Wilson, of Linton, for speaking scandalous and 
seditious words that ye king was a knave and a theife. Wetherby, 
January, 1677. 

Christopher Lancaster, minister of Burnsall, and the church- 
wardens certify that Ambrose Bland, of Burnsall, M.A., took 
the sacrament. 1678. 

We doe hereby certifie that Alexander Stileman, at Turne- 
bridge, this day, before us, two of His Majesty's Justices of the 
Peace for the Bidd., tooke the several oathes of allegeance and 



28 YOBKSHIRE NOTEB AND QUERIES. 

supremacy, as alsoe the oath of a gager. 1677. — Thomas Yar- 
burgh, J. Boynton. 

To certifie yt, Thomas Smith, officer of ye Excise, received 
ye sacrament ye 80th of Sept., 1677, at ye Parish Church of 
Badsworth, according to the custom of ye Church of England. 
Edward Dodsworthe, rect. 

Richard Oddie, of Meagill, and Chr. Brayshaw, of Skipton, 
leade miner, gave information on oath, before Mr. Cuth. Wade, 
J.P., that " This psent morneing they heard one Henrie Slater, 
of Thorp, a collier, say yt all cavalears weare roagues, and yt 
the king was no better, and further sayth not." Skipton, 1677. 

John Buck and five others, of Sheffield, bound to appear for 
beinge unlawfully assembled in the towne of Sheffield with drum, 
guns, swords, and other weapons. Exonerated afterwards. 1677. 

A number of Burstall men indicted for drinking King James* 
health. 1693. 

The chief constables issued orders to bring Papists before 
justices to take the oaths ; also to disarm them, to seize their 
horses, if above the value of £5, and sell them. The arms to 
be taken for their Majesties' use. Skipton, July, 1691. 

Mary Coppley, of flarrigate, widdow, being suppressed from 
keeping a comon tipleing house, because she was a Catholic, 
petitions to have it restored on account of her poverty. Wether- 
by, January, 1691. 

Tempest llling worth, of Tong, labr., indicted for speaking 
severall maliciouse and oprobious words in contempt and dero- 
gation of the Booke of Comon Prayer. Leeds, July, 1687. 

Revolution. — " Yorke, October ye 2d, 88. [16881 • Gentlemen, 
Haueing heere reed his Maties pclamaoon, Insinuateing that 
an Invasion of this Kingdom is designed from beyond the seas 
and the vsuall way for giueing notice of such Invasion to the 
people of the Kingdom to rise for the defence thereof is by 
fireing of the Beacons in Every place where they were sett up. 
Now being given to vnderstand that the Beacons in most places 
are either quite pulld down, or rendred vseless, I desire that at 
this time of yr Sessions (The prsent Juncture of affairs require- 
ing it), you will take effect uall order that they bee forthwith 
repaired and made vsefull if there shall be need to vse them. I 
hope you will looke upon this as a reasonable thing to bee done 
at this time and therefore doe recommend it to you, and remain 
Gentlemen, Yr most humble Sernt, T. Rokeby." 

Pretender. — A particular list of the names of all persons 

within the township of that are lyable to take the oath 

to his Majesty and Government according to the present Act, 
1715 : 

Wyke. — Mr. John Empson, sick, Mr. William Richardson, 
jur., Wm. Pollard, Wm. Law, Wm. Ashley, Wm. Brook, jur., 
Isaac Holdroyd. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



29 



Thorneton. — Abraham Brooksbank Schoolemaster, jur., Wil- 
liam Hyrd, Quaker, Jeremy Gleydhill, Joshua Firth, Timothy 
HorsfaU, Thomas Short, William Pearson, Jonas Pearson, John 
Jennings, John Shackle ton. 

Shelf. — Mr. Wm. Clifford, clergyman, Wm. Holmes, quaker 
[and others]. 

Pudsey.— ^John Milner, gent., Dr. of phisick, Mr. Elcana 
Berry, dissenting minister, &c. 

Heaton. — Joseph Kittson, Quaker, &c. 

Hecxmoxbwike. — John Lister, clerk, &c. 

Horton.— Isaac Sharp, Abraham Sharp, Mr. Eli Dawson, 
Dissenting Preacher, &c. 

DBiGHLiNOTON-crDM-GiLDERsoME.— Sam Dickinson, John Thac- 
kerah, Wm. Reyner, quakers, &c. 

Idle. — John Swaine, Nehemiah Sandall, quakers, Mr. John 
Wilson, preacher Dissr., and many others. J.H.T. 



THE RICHEST LIVINGS IN YORKSHIRE. 

There are ten livings in the diocese of York over £1000 a 
year, and nine in that of Ripon, making a total of 19 livings in 
Yorkshire of £1000 each and upwards : — 

York Diocese. Ripon Diocese. 



Darfield £1600 

Settrington 1500 

Leven 1800 

Rowley 1800 

Cherry Burton 1268 

Bolton Percy 1240 

Burton Agnes 1075 

Barmston 1065 

Kirby Misperton 1050 

Sheffield 1000 



Bedale £2000 

Halifax 2000 

Stanhope (Dur.) 1650 

Wensley 1830 

Spofforth 1820 

Thornhill 1250 

Bradford 1200 

Leeds 1200 

Gilling 1000 

Yorkshire Post, 1885. 



A BRIEF HISTORY OP QUAKERISM IN SED- 
BERGH AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD. 

The meeting house of the Friends is at Brig Flat over a mile 
on the west of Sedbergh, and on the north of the river Rawthy. 
It is pleasantly situated in a fertile plain with romantic hills 
on the north, east and south. It is said to be the oldest Friends' 
meeting house in England with one exception. The edifice is 
plain and substantial and void of all architectural adornments. 



80 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

It was built in 1675 by the liberality of Friends at Sedbergh 
and the neighbourhood. At that time it consisted of four bare 
walls and a roof of timber, laths, and slate. On account of 
this unfinished state at the approach of winter the openings in 
the slates had to be stopped with moss to keep out wind, rain, 
and snow. Modern places of worship after this model would 
have caused a sad falling off of worshippers during severe 
winters. For thirty-six years Friends met in this uncomfort- 
able building, and still they increased and became so numerous 
that in 1711 it was considered necessary to put up a gallery. 

The Friends met in council to devise means for defraying 
the cost of this addition to the meeting house. Those Friends 
who had timber on their estates were requested to contribute a 
sufficient quantity of oak for the erection of a gallery, and those 
who had none to cart it to the place free of cost. After the 
timber had been carted to the place, a meeting was held for the 
purpose of selecting a joiner to do the work. A deputation was 
appointed to see a person named John Gopeland, who made a 
bargain to put up the gallery for £5. A similar piece of work 
at the present day would cost nearer £50. Shortly after the 

SUery had been completed other improvements, such as under- 
awing the roof and fixing backs to the seats, were made. In 
connection with Brig Flat meeting house there is an old burial 
ground which is nearly full of the graves of the dead. In the 
17th century the burials in this old graveyard were very 
numerous. There is a stone in one of the walls dated 1712. 
At the meeting house there is a library of ancient and modern 
books chiefly of Friends' literature. The times of religious 
worship are weekly on the mornings of First and Fifth days. 

Though Brig Flat Meeting-house was built in 1675 the intro- 
duction of Quakerism into the neighbourhood was at a much 
earlier date. In 1652 George Fox ascended Pendle Hill from 
the top of which the Lord let him see at what place he had a 
great people to be gathered. At night he stayed at a neigh- 
bouring Inn where he felt he had a call from the Lord to visit 
Wensleydale and Sedbergh. Major Bousfield, who lived in the 
neighbourhood of Sedbergh, received him in his house and 
treated him kindly. Richard Robinson and Justice Benson 
opened their houses for meetings which, in spite of cruel perse- 
cutors, were crowded with anxious hearers. Through George 
Fox's ministry numerous persons were convinced of the truth 
and a large meeting of Friends was gathered at Sedbergh. 
Happening to be at Sedbergh during the time a great fair was 
held, and when many servants were there for hiring, he opened 
his mission in the street and declared unto the listening crowds 
the day of the Lord. Afterwards he went into what he called 
the steeple house yard where he was followed by many of the 
fair people. There were many priests and professors of religion 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 81 

present. Though George Fox did not fail to deliver his mes- 
sage with great plainness and earnestness he had upon the 
whole an attentive hearing. A captain said, " Why will you 
not go into the church ? This is not a fit place to preach in." 
One Francis Howgill, who was a preacher to a congregation, 
stood by him and said, " This man speaks with authority and 
not as scribes." One of the priests who had been rather too 
plainly dealt with, said, " You are mad," and then went away. 
A Captain Ward on this occasion embraced the truth, and 
proved his sincerity by living and dying in it. Francis How- 
gill, who became a Friend of sterling integrity and blameless 
life, was tried in 1664 at Appleby Assizes before Judge Turner 
for refusing to swear when the oath of allegiance was tendered 
to him. For this refusal he was put out of the King's protec- 
tion and the benefit of the law. His land was confiscated to 
the King and his goods and chattels seized, and he was to be 
a prisoner for life. After suffering in prison for four years and 
eleven months he " sweetly finished his course in much peace 
with the Lord." 

The day after Oeorge Fox held his meeting in Sedbergh 
Churchyard he went to Firbank Chapel on the north-west side 
of the Lune, and not very far from Brig Flat. About 1000 
persons gathered together to hear him and he spoke to them 
for the space of three hours. It is a question whether the most 
popular preacher in England at the present time could draw 
1000 persons to hear him in a neighbourhood so sparsely popu- 
lated as Firbank. In 1668 George Fox again visited Sedbergh. 
At that time there was a large meeting and a precious people. 
While he was holding a meeting at John Blakeling's, Sedbergh, 
he escaped some constables, who expected to find him at a 
meeting which was being held on the same day at Ann Audland's 
in another part of the neighbourhood. In 1674 Oeorge Fox was 
at Thomas Cam's at Cams-gill, when John Blakeling, of Dran- 
well, Sedbergh, brought him to his house where he stayed for 
two or three nights. On the First day following there was a 
large meeting at Brig Flat. Friends came from the several 
meetings round about so that there was a concourse of 500 or 
600 people. This appears to be the last visit George Fox paid 
to Sedbergh. 

It was not long after the introduction of Quakerism to Sed- 
bergh before the believers in George Fox's teachings had to 
pay dearly in goods and imprisonments for their faith. In 
1661, Bichard Bobinson, of Sedbergh, for a church rate of 8d., 
was deprived of goods worth £1 10s., and John Blakeling for a 
rate of £1 10s. was deprived of goods worth £&. At a meeting 
at Thomas Taylor's house, Sedbergh, in 1662, fifty persons 
were taken by constables and retained in their custody until 
ordered by the justices to appear at the Sessions. Out of that 



82 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

number twenty of them were committed to York Castle. 
Whether they were sinners abdve the liberated ones or not, 
their names are worthy of being recorded: John Blakeling, 
Bichard Robinson, James Gray, Edward Atkinson, John Lang- 
ton, Thomas Greenwood, William Baines, John Hodgson, John 
Holme, Bichard Walker, Christopher Walker, Bichard Harrison, 
Bichard Speight, John Croft, Joshua Nelson, William Golding, 
F. Blakeling, Edward Branthwaite, Joseph Baines, and Bichard 
Stones. In 1668, for church rates, goods worth £1 6s. were 
taken from John Langton, John Thompson, and Edward At- 
kinson, of Sedbergh, and goods worth £3 from Thomas Winn 
and Bichard Wilson, of Grisedale. In 1671 various fines were 
inflicted upon the following persons by Justice Henry Wilson, 
of Eirby Lonsdale, for attending meetiugs at Sedbergh. Bichard 
Walker and his sister Margaret, of Middle ton, were fined £1, 
James Corney and Bichard Parrott, of Eillington, eaoh 15s., 
Joseph Baines and Margaret Walker, of Eillington, £1 15s., 
Bobert Atkinson and John Thirnbeck, of Middleton, £1 5s., 
Miles Walker of the same place, 5s. ; and James Corney and 
John Thirnbeck, the second time, £2 15s. In 1682 George 
and Anthony Mason, of Dent, and John Dent and James Dick- 
inson, of Sedbergh, for non-attendance at the Parish Church, 
had cattle taken from them worth £51. In 1685 Edmund At- 
kinson, Francis Blakeling and James Thomson were committed 
to prison for tithes at the suit of Bichard Trotter and Anthony 
Fawcett, farmers of the tithes of the rectory of Sedbergh. 
James Thompson died in prison. These are honoured names 
of men who valued religious freedom more than earthly good 
or even life itself. Though in some things we from them may 
differ, still they were noble men for their times, and honoured 
indeed are they who have sprung from such a godly race. 

L.G. 

Yobk Cattle Faib. — The 24th part of Patents in the thirty- 
second year of the Beign of Queen Elizabeth. 
The Queen, to all to whom Ac, greeting. 

Whereas our well beloved the Mayor and Aldermen of our 
city of York have represented unto us that by reason of the dis- 
tance of the Fairs and Markets appointed for the buying and 
selling Cattle from the City of York the Citizens of the said 
City are compelled to make inconvenient journeys to procure 
such things as are necessary for their food And also the Farm- 
ers there in driving their beasts to such distant Fairs are very 
much fatigued— 

We willing to Lighten such inconveniences and to provide 
them with more convenient marketting of our especial grace 
and of our certain knowledge and mere motion for us our heirs 
and Successors Do grant by these presents to the aforesaid 
Mayor and Commonalty of the city of York aforesaid and their 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES, S3 

successors that they from henceforth for ever may have, hold, 
and keep in the City aforesaid, or the Suburbs of the same, 
yearly for ever on every Thursday next before the Sixth Sunday 
in Lent, commonly called Palm Sunday, one fair and Market 
for selling and buying sheep horses and; other cattle and beasts, 
and that moreover on every second Thursday yearly between 
the aforesaid Sunday commonly called Palm Sunday and the 
feast of the birth of our Lord then next following, the same 
Mayor and Commonalty of the City of York aforesaid, and their 
successors, may have hold and keep and may and shall be able 
to have hold and keep from henceforth for ever a like Fair and 
Market for selling and buying Sheep, Horses and other Cattle 
and beasts within the City aforesaid or the Suburbs thereof, 
together with a Court of Piepowder there to be holden at the 
time of the same fairs and markets. And together with all 
Liberties and Free Customs to such Court appertaining so 
nevertheless that the Fairs or Markets aforesaid, be not to the 
injury of other neighbouring Fairs and Markets. And that the 
said Mayor and Commonalty of the City aforesaid and their 
successors from henceforth for ever may have and receive and 
may and shall be able to have and receive within the Fairs and 
Markets aforesaid from every Buyer of Beasts and Cattle within 
the said Markets or Fairs the tolls following and no other, 
(that is to say) for every Horse or Gelding to be hereafter 
bought in the said Fairs or Markets one penny — For every 
Mare with a foal one penny, for a Mare alone one penny, for 
an ox or cow with a Calf or without a Calf one halfpenny for 
two heifers of the age of two years or less one halfpenny, for 
every ten sheep one halfpenny, for five ewes with their lambs 
one halfpenny, for every ten lambs one farthing, together with 
the stallage piccages fines Amerciaments and all other profits 
Commodities and Emoluments whatsoever in the said fairs and 
Markets and Court of Pie Powder coming happening arising or 
growing And with all liberties and free customs to such Fairs 
and Markets appertaining or belonging. And that at the time 
of the fairs and Markets aforesaid and every of them the Mayor 
and Aldermen of the City afsd. for the time being shall receive 
and collect by themselves or by their deputy or deputies the 
Tolls afsd. to the use of the City afsd. for all and other manner 
of Beast and Cattle hereafter to be sold within the Fairs and 
Markets aforesaid from the Buyers of the same Beasts or 
Cattle without impeachment of us our heirs and successors or 
others whomsoever. 

Whereas also by the faithful Report of the said Mayor and 
Aldermen we have been informed that our said city is very 
much endangered by occasion of too many Maltkilns kept 
within the same City everywhere dispersed in the best places 

Y.N.Q. D 



84 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

thereof, also the same city is rendered subject to Fires and 
Conflagrations, and also on account of the immense quantity of 
wood and Fuel in such Business consumed a great want and 
scarcity of wood & Fuel has arisen and daily seems very likely 
to increase more and more, We being willing to obviate which 
said inconveniences and dangers, of our Especial grace and of 
our certain knowledge & mere motion, will ordain and for us 
our heirs and successors by these presents Do grant to the 
aforesaid Mayor and Commonalty of the City of York aforesaid 
and their Successors that hereafter there may and shall be 
within the City aforesaid and the suburbs thereof so many 
Maltkilns as to the Mayor Aldermen & Sheriffe of our said City 
of York for the time being and to such persons who heretofore 
have been or hereafter shall be sheriffs of the same City after 
they may or shall have quitted the office of Sheriff of that City, 
as to the greater number of them according to their prudence 
and sound discretions, shall seem convenient necessary and re- 
quisite, to be disposed in places fit and least dangerous and that 
the same Mayor Aldermen and Sheriffs of the City aforesaid 
and all those who have been or hereafter shall be sheriffs of the 
same City after they may or shall have quitted the office of 
Sheriff or the greater part of them may or shall have from 
henceforth for ever full power and authority from time to time 
to suppress put down for ever all and singular other Maltkilns 
except those which shall be approved of and appointed by them 
And if it shall happen hereafter that any possessors and owners 
of the said Maltkilns by them so as aforesaid to be approved of 
and appointed shall desert and neglect the exercise and use 
thereof or transfer and convert the buildings applied to such 
business to any other use Then We will and grant by these 
presents that the sd Mayor Aldermen & Sheriffs of the City 
afsd. for the time being and all those who have been or here- 
after shall be sheriffs of the said City after they may or shall 
have quitted the office of sheriff or the greater part of them 
shall and may be able from time to time for ever to appoint 
assign and constitute other buildings fit for such business and 
other Exercisers of the work afsd. within the City aforesaid 
the suburbs and precincts of the same to fill up such number of 
the said Kilns as to them shall seem necessary and requisite. 
And Further of our more abundant grace We Will and for u» 
our heirs and successors Do grant to the aforesaid Mayor and 
Commonalty of the City of York aforesaid and their successors 
that the Mayor Aldermen and Sheriffs of the City afsd. for the 
time being and all those who have been or hereafter shall be 
Sheriffs of the said City after they may or shall have quitted 
the office of Sheriff or the Major part of them met together and 
assembled may and from henceforth for ever shall have full 
authority power and faculty of framing constituting ordaining 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 86 

and establishing such reasonable Laws ordinances and consti- 
tutions as to them or the Major part of them shall according to 
their sound discretions seem good wholesome useful honest and 
necessary for the good Rule and government as well of the 
aforesaid Maltkilns and the owners thereof as for the Rule and 
Government of all and singular the Citizens inhabitants and 
Besiants of the City aforesaid or the Suburbs and Precincts 
thereof And that the Mayor aldermen and sheriffs of the City 
aforesaid for the time being and all those who have been or 
hereafter shall be sheriffs of the said City after they shall or 
may have quitted the office of Sheriff or the Major part of them 
as often as they shall frame make ordain or establish such laws 
institutions ordinances and constitutions in form aforesaid shall 
and may be able from henceforth for ever to assess impose and 
inflict such and the like pains penalties imprisonments of the 
body fines and amerciaments or any of them towards and upon 
all delinquents against such Laws ordinances and Constitutions 
or any or either of them as and which to the same Mayor 
Aldermen and Sheriffs of the City aforesaid for the time being 
and all those who have been or hereafter shall be sheriffs of the 
said City after they shall or may have quitted the office of 
Sheriff or to the major part of them shall seem necessary and 
requisite for the observance of the aforesaid Laws ordinances 
and Constitutions And that the said Mayor and Commonalty 
and their Successors shall and may be able to levy retain and 
have those Penalties fines and amerciaments from time to time 
by themselves or by their officers by distress or by any other 
lawful means to them and their successors for ever to the use 
of the City aforesaid without the impeachment of us our heirs 
and successors or of either or any of the officers or ministers of 
us our heirs and successors whatsoever, all and singular which 
Laws ordinances and constitutions so as aforesaid to be here- 
after made We will and by these Present firmly enjoining do 
command to be observed under the pains to be contained in the 
same so that such Laws ordinances Institutions and Constitutions 
be not repugnant nor contrary to the Laws & Statutes of our 
Kingdom of England. Altho Express mention &c. In Witness 
whereof &c 

Witness the Queen at Westminster the 29th day of June. 
By writ of Privy Seal &c. 82 Eliz. 



7Chas. L 19 July, 1682. 

11 We have willed and ordained constituted declared 'granted 
and confirmed and by these presents for us our heirs and suc- 
cessors we will & ordain constitute declare grant and confirm 
to the aforesaid Mayor & Commonalty of the City of York afsd. 
and their successors for ever all and all manner of such like 



86 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Franchise liberties faculties powers authorities annuities exemp- 
tions privileges fines issues forfeitures Amerciaments before our 
justices of the peace within the Liberty of the City aforesaid 
and the suburbs and County of the said City. Emerging hap- 
pening or proceeding to be levied and received by their own 
proper officers as in prior charters is contained. And also the 
profits commodities advantages exemptions cognizance of Pleas 
Jurisdiction Manors Messuages Lands tenements wastes vacan- 
cies Farms Common feasts fairs & markets Courts of pie powder 
with all the liberties and free customs to the same Court 
belonging or appertaining as also the Tolls Stallage pickages 
and Emoluments and Hereds. whatsoe'r or of what kind or sort 
so ever heretofore given or granted or mentioned to be given or 
granted to the Mayor Aldermen or Commonalty of the City of 
York aforesaid or to the Citizens and Inhabitants of the said 
city by whatever name or names by means any Charter or 
letters patent of the aforesaid King James late King of England 
our father or any other of our progenitors or predecessors late 
Kings or Queens of England or any of them in whatsoever 
manner granted &c. 

84 Charles 2nd 

5 July 1688. 
Inspeximus Charter of 5 July 19. R. II. 

But we are led to exemplify by these present the tenor of the 
premises aforesaid at the request of the present Mayor and 
Commonalty of our said City of York In Witness &c. 

84 Charles 2. 
5 July 1688. 

Inspeximus & Exemplification of Charter 11 Feb. of 27th 
Hen 6. 

16 Charles II, 8 June 1666. York. 

" Sicut in prioribus cartes continetin, neo non proficua 
commoditales advantagia quietantias cognitiones placitorum 
jurisdictiones maneria messuagia unas tenementa vasta vacua 
funda comminas ferias nundinas mercata curiam pedum pulver- 
izator : cum omnibus libertatibus ac liberis consuetudinibus ad 
hujusmodi curiam pertinentibus sura spectant: nee non [tolls] 
stallagia piccagia ac emolumenta et hereditamenta quecumque 
cujus &c. . . 

6 Eliz. York. 
Whereas besides the same Citizens have, and they & their heirs 
and predecessors aforesaid hitherto have had, in the absence of 
us and our progenitors afsd., the Assize of Bread & Beer the 
Keeping and Assay of measures and weights and all other things 
belonging to the office of the Market in the City and Suburbs 
aforesaid We grant to them and by this Charter of ours we 
have confirmed for us and our heirs that they and their heirs 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 87 

and successors afsd. hereafter in the presence of us and our 
heirs do and Exercise for ever the Assize of Bread & Beer the 
Keeping and Assay of Measures and Weights and all other 
tilings whatsoever belonging to the office of the Market in the 
City of York and Suburbs of the same, and the transgressors of 
the said Assize of Bread & Beer in due manner punish, and the 
defects of measures weights and other things belonging to the 
said office of the Market correct and amend so that the Clerk 
of the Market or any minister of us or' our heirs shall not 
enter the said City of York or Suburbs of the same to do and 
perform in the same any of those things which belong to the 
said office of Clerk of the Market and also that all profits thence 
arising be always the said Citizens their heirs and successors 
afsd. in aid of the farm of their city above mentioned. Save &c. 

Quod ipsi etc. imppm. treant teneant & custodiant ac here. 
tenere. et custodere possint et Valeant in Civitate pr dca. aut 
surburbiis ejusdem annuatim imppm. qualibet die jo vis p'x ante 
sextum diem dnicam in Quadragesima vulgarites Vocat Palme 
Sondaye unam Feriam et Nundin p. ovibus eqius aliisque Cattallis 
et Pecudibus vendend. et emend. Qdque in sup quit sexto die Jovis. 

[We have given our readers a specimen or two here of old, 
unpunctuated, tautological law records from the MSS. of the 
late Fairless Barber, Esq.] 

o 

Batley Grammas School. — Novel way of Electing a Master. 
After the death in 1831 of Mr. Sedgwick, the late Master of the 
Batley Grammar School, the Trustees advertised for another 
Master, and arranged with the Bev. Martin Joseph Naylor, 
D.D., Master of the Wakefield Grammar School, and Robert 
Hall, Esq., A.M., of Leeds, Barrister, to be present on the day 
of appointment to examine the candidates as to their fitness for 
the mastership. A meeting was fixed for the 18th of January, 
1882, when the following report was delivered by the Examiners 
to the Trustees and Churchwardens. 

44 To the Trustees of Batley Grammar School. 
Gentlemen, 

In execution of the duty undertaken by us, at your request, 
we have this day subjected the candidates for the Head Master- 
ship of Batley Grammar School to a General Examination in 
the Latin and Greek Languages. It appears to us on the result 
of our examination, Mr. Senior and Mr. Bichardson are 
decidedly superior to the other candidates, and though not so 
perfect as might be desirable, yet, with the requisite attention 
to their own improvement they will be competent to fulfil the 
purposes of the Foundation. Next to them, but at a very con- 
siderable interval, we place Mr. Elgood and Mr. Briggs. 

M. J. Naylor, D.D. 
Batley, January 18th, 1882. Kobebt Hall, M.A. 



88 YORKSHIRE? NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The following is from the Trustees* Minute Book : 

" Batley, February 18th, 1882, Monday. 

The Trustees of the School in pursuance of the Investigation 
and decision laid before them by the Examiners of the Candi- 
dates, having resolved at' the conclusion of their last meeting to 
take time for enquiring also into the personal character of the 
two gentlemen whose superiority in literary qualifications were 
attested and pointed out to them, and enquiries having been 
made, and Testimonials received in consequence, respecting 
their moral estimation, and also respecting their fitness in point 
of patient and suitable aptness for teaching Scholars and for 
their ability and capaoity as to being able to impart and com- 
municate to Pupils that learning and knowledge which they 
themselves were deemed by the Examiners to possess, came 
this day at a meeting at Charles Ward's to the determination 
that the two Candidates, Mr. Joseph Senior and Mr. George 
Bichardson, were so equally poized in reputed desert, and merit, 
that they could not decide or distinguish to whom the preference 
was justly and fairly due. They therefore resolved to leave 
that decision to the drawing of Lots, and to choose by Ballot, 
which of the Candidates should be conditionally elected to the 
Mastership of the School, and into possession of the House and 
Premises connected therewith. The names of these two Candi- 
dates were accordingly each written on six different small 
pieces of paper, making together twelve lots, six for each, and 
all being put into a Hat, six Lots were drawn out by the four 
Trustees, and the two Churchwardens present, four of which 
Lots contained the name of Mr. Senior, and two the name of 
Mr. Richardson, upon which result Mr. Senior was declared 
fairly, and duly elected on conditions that will appear in future 
proceedings. Present, 



Luke Blakeley, 
Morris, 



Churchwardens. 
Batley. Lucy F. Dyson. 



The Rev. W. M. Heald, 
Norrison Scatcherd, Esq., 
Mr. John Nussey, 
Mr. Ab : Greenwood, 

Trustees." 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 89 

Jin ©l& Unrksbtmnan's lournaL 

Mr. George Roberts, Lofthouse, contributes extracts from the 
MS. journal of John Berry, who was, early in the century, 
magistrates' clerk at Wakefield. Reprinted with additions, from 
the Merctay Suffllement, by Mr. Roberts' leave. 

Act for paving Wakefield streets passed, 1771. 

Act for lighting and paving in Wakefield, 1796. 

Wakefield Enclosure Act passed, 1798. 

Thatched public-house, at Kirkthorpe, near Wakefield, occu- 
pied by Mr. Billinton, burnt down by a flash of lightning, July 
25th, 1800. 

On May 29th, 1799, I went to be clerk with Mr. Scholefield, 
of Horbury, and remained there till 23rd of October, 1808, 
when I left ; and on ye 81st of that month I went to Mr. Daw- 
son's, of Wakefield. 

An evening lecture established at the parish church of 
Wakefield, and the first lecture given by the Rev. Thos. Rogers 
(then master of the Free Grammar School), on the 26th of 
July, 1801. 

First newspaper at Wakefield, called Wakefield Star, was 
published 4th November, 1808, by Stuart Arnold. 

March 18th, 1800. — Richard Linnecar, a coroner at Wakefield 
died. He was succeeded by Edward Brook, an attorney, who 
died 18th of September, 1825, and he was succeeded by Thomas 
Lee, a young attorney at Wakefield. 

August 1st, 1800. — Granville Wm. Wheeler Medhurst, Esq., 
of Kippax Hall, tried at York, before Baron Graham, for the 
murder of his wife, and acquitted, being declared insane. 

September 20th, 1802. — Hops rose from £4 to J616 per cwt.> 
all at a stroke. 

March 14th, 1808. — John Terry and Joseph Heald, two young 
men from Alverthorpe, near Wakefield, were hanged &t York 
for the brutal murder of widow Smith, at Flanshaw. She was 
buried at the west end of the Unitarian Chapel in Wakefield, 
and a stone placed over her, on which were carved the imple- 
ments used in the murder. 

January 17th, 1806. — A lunar rainbow appeared at Wakefield 
from half-past nine till half-past ten. 

July 7th 1806.— Otley fortnight fair first held. 

1810.— At the Exeter Lent Assizes, Wm. Gourd and Wm. 
Rose (two children 11 years old each) were sentenced to death 
for stealing a few hanks of thread. 

May 28rd, 1811. — I was admitted a member of the Hon. 
Society of Gray's Inn. 

At the York Summer Assizes, 1811, James Thackrah, a 
6oldier, was convicted of perjury respecting the enlistment of a 
recruit at Bewsbury, and transported for seven years. 



40 YORKSHIKE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

William Burrell, of Wakefield, was drowned at Kirktborp dam 
while hunting, Feb. 6th, 1810. 

Rev. Eichard Monkbouse, Vicar of Wakefield, D.D., died 
January 20th, 1810, aged 58. He was succeeded by the Rev. 
Samuel Sharp, bis curate. 

March, 1810.— The White Hart Inn offered for sale. During 
this year Dewsbury was made a regular market town. 

May 17th, 1810. — Francis Maude, of Moor House, died, aged 
78. 

January 10th, 1810. — West Riding Sessions first held in the 
new court-house at Wakefield. 

October, 1810. — One Ryan, a soldier, killed in an affray at 
the Cock and Swan Inn, at Wakefield, for which Tom Shaw, 
deputy-constable, was indicted at the following assizes, when 
the grand jury ignored the bill. For particulars of the inquest 
see Wakefielil Star of Oct. 26th, 1810. 

November 12th, 1810. — A Mr. Harper fitted and used the 
White Barn, at the top of Northgate, as a theatre ; closed Dec. 
28th. 

November 28th, 1810.— Wm. Heald elected Clerk to the 
Commissioners of Wakefield Streets; John Robson having 
resigned. 

March 1st, 1811. — The Wakefield Star appeared under a new 
title, the Wakefield and Halifax Journal. 

Wm. Shackle ton, grocer, poisoned himself at the bailiff's 
house, whilst under arrest, lltb of July, 1811. 

Wm. Hodgson, a Leeds woolsorter, tried at York, Aug. 3rd, 
1811, for a rape upon Hannah Halliday, at Leeds, for which he 
was hanged. 

September 2nd, 1811. — First stone of Leeds Court House 
laid by Alexander Turner, the Mayor. 

April, 1812. — The Wakefield Harriers were advertised for 
sale, and the Wakefield Hunt given up. 

October 26th, 1812. — The Leeds mail to London was robbed 
near Kettering, for which Jeffrey White and Richard Kendall 
were tried at the Northampton Summer Assizes (1818), and 
both hanged. 

Leeds new Court House opened for public business, 5th 
October, 1818. 

James Bowling, formerly proprietor and editor of the Leeds 
Mercury, which he revived in 1767, died April 80th, 1818. 

August 8th, 1818.— Died Thomas Fenton, Esq., of Rothwell 
Haigh, aged 85. 

In October this year, 1814, the Asylum at Wakefield was 
ordered to be built; and in November the Wakefield Bible 
Society was established. 

On the 24th of December, 1814, Joseph Blackburn and 
Thomas Wainwright, two attorneys at Leeds, were committed 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 41 

to York Castle for forging deed stamps ; they were tried at the 
following March Assizes, and Blackburn was hanged. 

Daring this year local silver tokens were called in, and there 
was a great noise about Johanna Southcote. 

February 27th, 1815.— William Hepworth, a shoemaker, did 
penance in the parish church for defaming the character of an 
old woman named Elizabeth Blacketer. They both lived in the 
Cock-and-Swan yard, Wakefield, and the suit was carried on by 
George Robinson, an attorney, out of spite to the cobbler. 

[In the Wakefield churchwardens' accounts between 1780 and 
1760, ** sheets " for penance in church are constantly mentioned. 
In 1850 a shoemaker at Gloucester was ordered to do penance 
in church for defaming the character of a young woman, the 
daughter of an innkeeper. In addition to the penance, he was 
also mulcted in £12 costs. Can any one give later instances of 
punishment by penance, and also state how the ceremony was 
performed? In Scotland the delinquent had to sit on a low 
stool in front of the pulpit, and after service, had to stand on 
the stool and receive the minister's rebuke.] 

A new organ opened at Rothwell Church, September 15th, 1816 

A new peal of ten bells brought from the Old Navigation 
Wharf to Wakefield Parish Church, November 80th, 1816. 

In December, 1816, Captain Magill was elected Governor of 
Wakefield Prison, in the room of Strawbenzee. Magill was 
carried by a majority of one vote. 

September, 1818. — Mr. Oddie, of Woodlesford, drowned at 
Filey. 

July 16th, 1819.— Kean played Richard III., in Wakefield 
Theatre. 

August 18th, 1819.— Matthews played at Wakefield. 

September 7th, 1819, appeared the first number of the West 
Yorkshire Gazette, published by Greaves and Kemp, of Hudders- 
field and Barnsley. 

Trial of Henry Hunt commenced at York, before Mr. Justice 
Bayley, March 16th, 1820, and lasted nine days. 

March 24, 1820, appeared the first number of the Wakefield 
Chronicle, published by Rich. Nichols. It only lived a few weeks. 

First stone of a new church at Stanley laid by Francis Maude, 
Esq., who died the 19th of April, 1842. 

November 18th, 1821.— This morning (being Sunday), Wm. 
Webber, the clown at a circus in Wood Street, was found dead 
in the area of the south end of the new Music Hall (then in 
course of construction), in Wood street, Wakefield. 

May 1st, 1822. — I took the old Library, Crown-court, for 
offices. 

June 20th, 1822.— Godfrey Wentworth, of Woolley Park, 
married his cousin, Miss Fawkes, of Farnley Hall, who died 
9th July, 1842. 



42 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

April 3rd, 1822. — Wakefield Gas Company's Act passed, and 
the town first lighted with gas 81st January, 1828. 

April 12th, 1823. — James Ramsden and Robert Gill hanged 
at York, for breaking into the shop of Mr. Bright, silversmith, 
at Doncaster. 

June 28th, 1828.— The weather-cook of Wakefield Parish 
Church taken down and carried through the street, accompanied 
by a band of music. 

June 15th, 1828.— James Bigmore, the American pedestrian, 
ran ten miles in fifty-seven minutes, upon Westgate Common. 

March 28th, 1824.— John Carr, of Horbury, formerly an 
attorney at Wakefield, died, aged 61. 

June 1st, 1824. — John Berry (writer hereof) admitted a soli- 
citor of the High Court of Chancery. 

February 19th, 1825. — John Travis Thompson fell out of one 
of the attic windows at the Wool Packs Inn, Wakefield, in his 
sleep, and was killed. 

Leeds (Haigh Park) races were run, the first time in June, 
1825, and the last time in 1829. 

July 23rd, 1825. — Appeared the first number of the Bradford 
and Wakefield Chronicle,— Stansfeld and Son. 

No drought equal to that of the present year (182G) in this 
country since 1762, in which year there was no rain from the 
3rd of May to the 19th of July. 

November, 1827. — A day coach, called The Tradesmen, driven 
by a drunken fellow named Dick Bather, was returning from 
Wakefield to Leeds, and upset going down Bell-hill, at Roth well 
Haigh, owing to the fault of the driver, and several passengers 
were severely injured. Mr. Cope, an artist, of Leeds, was killed. 

February 8rd, 1829.— Celebration of Bishop Blaize at Wake- 
field. 

November 14th, 1829.— Madam Yestris played at Wakefield. 

Lord Wharncliffe burnt in effigy at Wakefield for voting 
against the Reform Bill in ye Lords, Ootober 6th, 1881. 

March 10th, 1882.— Petty Sessions first held at Dewsbury. 

June 24th, 1882.— A poor man in New street died of ye 
cholera, and another in ye House of Correction. 

July 4th and 5th, 1882.— Wakefield Fair held at the bottom 
of Westgate, and Bradford Sessions held at Wakefield, owing 
to the Cholera in the House of Correction. 

July 9th, 1882.— John Wood, of Blacker Hall, married Sarah 
Coldwell, .... a very clever woman. 

October 26th, 1882.— Owing to a dense fog this night the 
London mail from Leeds was an hour and a half behind its 
time into Wakefield, and Jaok Upperdale was engaged to walk 
before it with a lantern all the way to Barnsley. 

[When opposition coaches were running between Leeds and 
Wakefield, it was a custom for young men to run in .front on 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 48 

dark nights, and carry aloft a blazing piece of tarred rope. Two 
or three usually accompanied the coach, and relieved each other 
by alternately riding and running. On one occasion the man 
with the flambeaux led the coach into a ditch ; but no serious 
accident occurred.] 

June 2nd, 1888. — This day three men were dip't into the 
river Calder near Dirtcar, the Bev. Mr. Hattersley officiating — 
curious adult baptism. 

April 25th, 1885. — Wm. Atkinson, a clerk in the Eegister 
office, was struck blind by lightning whilst looking out of a 
window. 

September, 1885. — The Duchess of Kent and her daughter, 
the Princess Victoria, afterwards Queen, visited York Festival, 
and on tbe 14th passed through Wakefield on their way from 
Harewood House to Wentworth House. They called at Mrs. 
Hargraves* house at Sandal. 

July 81st, 1887.— -Election riots at Wakefield. Mr. Carter, 
of Ossett, killed, and many people injured. 

November 8th, 1887. — George Dyson, an attorney at Halifax, 
elected a Coroner for the West Biding, in place of Michael 
Stocks, resigned. 

November 18th, 1887.— The first number of the Xortlieni Star 
(published by Feargus O'Conner,) appeared. 

May 24th 1848.— Martha Kaye, of Nether Thong, my aunt, 
died. 

June 24th, 1848. — Thomas Bish worth, formerly a banker at 
Wakefield, died at Hemsworth, upon a small farm, in his 72nd 
year. 

June 25th, 1848.— The Bev. G. C. Davies, minister of Holy 
Trinity Church, preached his farewell sermon. He was the 
first minister at that church, esteemed by his congregation, but 
ill-treated by his brother clergymen, and especially by the Vicar. 

July 1st, 1848. — Zion Chapel, Wakefield, which was built in 
1782, having been pulled down in order to be enlarged, the 
first stone of the new building was this day laid by the Bev. J. 
D. Lorraine. 

September 18th, 1848. — Bichard Everingham died, aged 98. 

May 18th, 1844.— Died, Sir John Lowther, Bart., of Swil- 
lington House, aged 85. His widow died on the 19th (six days 
after), aged 77, and they were both buried together at Swilling- 
ton Church. 

On June 1st, 1844, two women were attacked and worried by 
a bear, kept in the Zoological Gardens, in Back lane, Wakefield. 
One of them died on the 9th. 

July 9th, 1844.— The Church Sunday Scholars had a cheap 
ride by railway to York to see the lions there. [Can any reader 
of Notes and Queries give earlier instances than this of " cheap 
trips M from this neighbourhood ? See Addenda.] 



44 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

July 20th, 1844. — First marriage celebrated in the Wealeyan 
Chapel, West-parade, Wakefield, the Rev. J. Pitts officiating. 

July 27th, 1844.— James Cook opened an extensive Circus in 
Wood street ; closed on September 14th following. 

August 19th, 1844. — Died in the Wakefield Poorhouse, aged 
40, Henry Rishworth, formerly an attorney, and son of Thomas 
Rish worth, the banker. 

August 20th, 1844. — Married, Thomas Nicholls, jun., book* 
seller, to Ann Gregory, both of Wakefield, at the Unitarian 
Chapel, this being the first marriage solemnised in that building. 

March 21st, 1845.— Died, George Westerman, aged 84, the 
oldest woolstapler in Wakefield, if not in the West Riding. He 
was buried inside Wakefield Church on the 26th. 

July 12th, 1845. — The Leeds Mercury began to give a supple- 
ment, and increased the price from 4£d. to 6d. 

July 12th, 1845. — Bradshaw's Railway Gazette first published. 

October 3rd, 4th, and 5th.— The Wakefield Troop of Cavalry 
on permanent duty at Wakefield. On the 5th their captain 
(T. Taylor) treated them with a dinner at the Strafford Arms. 

October 18th, 1845. — Ben Dunnill, late postman at Horbury, 
opened his public house in York street. There were donkey 
races, and a leg of mutton on a pole. 

1845. — A Trial day for the Manor of Wakefield, there not 
having been one for a long time — 11 causes before George 
Wailes, Esq. 

Easter Sunday, April 22nd, 1848.— The Chapel of Wakefield 
Bridge, having been repaired, was this day opened for divine 
service as a Chapel of Ease for the recently appointed district 
of St. Mary's. 

Feb. 1852. — The vicarage of Wakefield sequestered by the 
West Riding Bank, and the Rev. Samuel Sharp's furniture sold 
by auction by John Becket. 

July 28rd, 1852.— Wakefield New Boro' Market opened. 

Addenda Copied. 
1729, April 15th.— Mr. Scott, Vicar of Wakefield, died. 
1781.— A great thunderstorm that broke the windows in 
Wakefield Market and tore one corner of the Cross to pieces. 
1787. — Wakefield Workhouse erected. 



A Cheap Teip Fifty Years Ago. — With my father, I went 
from Leeds to Hull by a cheap trip on Good Friday, 1885. 
The journey was made from Leeds to Selby by railway, thence 
by steamer (the Adelaide) to Hull, where we arrived, I think, 
about two o'clock. At six we started on the return journey, 
getting to Leeds about midnight. The prices I do not remem- 
ber.— J. W. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 45 

Bullhouse, a name familiar to the student of Nonconform- 
ist history, has recently acquired a publicity of a sad character 
in connection with the awful railway accident, which happened 
on July 16th, 1884. The line passes within a few feet of the 
Chapel built by Sir Elkanah Rich, and near to Bullhouse Hall, 
the residence for many generations of the Eich family, of which 
the late Lord Houghton was a descendant. Situate on the 
easterly termination of an elevated ridge which stretches away 
to the moors, the view along the valley of the Don, from its 
source near Dunford Bridge to where the tower of Penistone 
church stands conspicuous, is varied and highly picturesque. 

In the deep clough below, the village of Thurlstone, birthplace 
of that wonderful genius, Dr. Nicholas Sanderson, the blind 
professor of mathematics, occupies the sunny slope ; further 
along the same hillside is Netherfield Chapel, where the Bev. W. 
Thorp, previously of Burton -lane-head Chapel, and subsequently 
of Chester and Bristol, ministered. In the valley, encircled by 
a bend of the river, stands Water Hall, one of the seats of the 
Wordsworth family, whose names appear in transactions connec- 
ted with the parish as far back as 1585. On the brow of the hill 
opposite stands the fine old Parish church of Penistone, wherein a 
tablet records the gift of £500 by Samuel Wordsworth, merchant 
of London, and one of £200 by Josias Wordsworth of the same 
place. The poet Wordsworth and the late Bishop of Lincoln 
were descendants of a collateral branch of the Wordsworths of 
Water Hall. 

Behind and above Penistone the moorlands rise in un- 
dulating masses from the Little Don to Derwent Edge, an 
elevation of nearly 1,800 feet; to the south of Bullhouse, 
Hartcliff with its tower, from whence on a clear day York 
Minster may be seen, reaches an almost perpendicular height 
of 1,176 feet. The old coach road to Manchester, passing 
within a stone's-throw of the Chapel, goes by Koad End, where 
lived and died " Billy Wilson, " the celebrated violinist, and so 
on across the moors, by Gallows Moss to Saltersbrook, one of 
the highest inhabited places in the kingdom. 

Returning to Bullhouse by the valley of the Don, we pass 
Hazlehead, the residence of Captain Adam Eyre, who served 
in the Parliamentary Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax. Mr. 
Hinchliffe, Lord Houghton's tenant at Bullhouse, is owner of 
the adjoining colliery and gannister works. The Hall has 
recently been renovated, and some fine oak panelling in some 
of the rooms has been brought to light. The Chapel is a plain 
and substantial stone edifice, built, like the tower of Penistone 
Church, of the rough grey stones, called " earth fasts," gathered 
from the surface of the moors. 

JOHN WOOD. 



46 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 




Bullhouse Chapel was built soon after the Revolution. It is 
about two miles from Penistone. Mr. Sylvanus Rich, of 
Bullhouse, was buried December 26th, 1683, aged 60. His 
uncle, Daniel Rich, was buried October 1, 1679, aged 76. 
They were friends of the Rev. Oliver Heywood. In 1689, July 
81st, the house of Mr. Elkanah Rich, called Benthom, in 
Pennistone, was recorded at the Sessions as a place of worship 
for protestant dissenters, at the request of Francis Haigh and 
Isaack Wordsworth. Several other houses were recorded in 
that neighbourhood, as given in Heywood's Xonconfonnfot 
Register. The Chapel was registered at Pontefract Sessions, 
April, 1692, in the following words — "A new house at Bull- 
house in Penistone.' ' The above Register, in addition to notices 
of the Rich family, states that " Mr. Daniel Denton, Chaplain, 
to Mr. Rich, of Bullouse, died ffebr. 18, [1720]," and " Mr. 
Wm. Haliday, minister at Bullous, died in Halifax, December 
11, 1741, of a few hours' illness." Mr. Heywood records that 
" Mr. Henry Swift, Vicar of Peniston, died suddenly, Oct. 81 r 
1689, aged 68," and in his Diary, he adds — " of twenty-four 
houres sickness." August 29th, 1678, Heywood records in his 
Diary — " Mr. Hancock and I preacht at Mr. Rich's house at 
Bulloughs, had a full assembly, some [Divine] assistance, 
lodged there." " Mr. Rycroft, minister at Peniston, born near 
Ulingworth, (Nicolas Rycroft, his father, yet living), buryed 
Oct. 1688." Mr. Heywood frequently visited other families 
about Penistone, as recorded in his Diaries. The Rev. Henry 
Swift was ejected from Peniston or Penistone Church in 1662,. 
and suffered three months' imprisonment in York. He returned 
to his charge, and held the living until his death, without 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 47 

further molestation ; the powerful families of the district being 
his supporters. Daniel Denton was the minister at Bullhouse 
some years between 1700 and 1720, the date of his death. In 
1715 he had a congregation of 200 persons. William Halliday's 
name is the next that appears on the list, though it is possible 
some names are omitted about 1692 and 1722. The names of 
Messrs. Rayner and Lewis occur incidentally. The Rev. 
Benjamin Shaw was minister in 1748, and died there in 1771. 
He was succeeded by Thomas Halliday, who had previously 
been at Eeighley, and also a pupil and tutor at Daventry. He 
removed in 1798, and engaged in business in some iron-works, 
but failed in 1810. (Monthly Repository, 1825.) We last 
hear of him as an Arian preacher at Diss, in Norfolk. The 
Rev. Reyner, from Northowram Academy, succeeded 

for a short time, and a Mr. John Hewitt also preached some 
time. Whether the place is Unitarian or Wesleyan now, or 
both, seems doubtful from Miall's account in Conyretjationalism 
in Yorkshire. We arc indebted to Mr. Wood for the picture of 
this old sanctuary. Ed. 



ANCIENT SESSIONS NOTES EXTRACTED FROM 

THE ORIGINALS. 

Old Soldiers.— A Treasurer was regularly appointed for the 
Lame Soldiers' Fund. The applicants, of course, are such as 
fought on the side of " Charles I. of Blessed Memory." 

Babwick-in-Elmet. — Petition of Martin Hague of this place, 
soldier under the Rt. Wpfull. Sr. Richard Hutton, and was with 
him at Atherton, Bradford, Burlington Key, Rotherham, and 
Tadcaster, in his owne company, 1675. 

Thomas Cowpland of Barwick-in-Elmet, souldier under Sir 
Ric. Hutton'8 owne company of foott, and with him at Wake- 
field, Atherton, and Bradford feights, and also under Sir Walter 
Vavasor's Regiment of Horse in Capt. Adam Bland troop of 
Horse and was at seige of Kingston upon Hull, Selby fight, 
Bowton, Berrey, Leapoul in Lancastershire and also at Halsome 
moore feight, 1675, petitioned for pay. 

John Haigue of Barwick in Elmet, souldier under Sir Phillip 
Monckton at Willoughby fight and Pontefract Castle and under 
Col. Morris at Pontefract Castle, 1675. 

Wetherby. — Robert Wright of this place, soldier under Capt. 
Croft in Ld. Langdale's Regimt., served several years and never 
deserted, was at several battles and received many great 
wounds, begs to succeed the late Thomas Hardacres as a pen- 
sioner. Mr. J. Beilby adds : "He served under my brother 
for some time." 1677. 



48 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES* 

Fenton. — George Buck of ffenton humble petition to the 
honoble and right Wpfull his Majesties Justices of Peace at the 
general Sessions holden at Pontefract, 1676, Humbly sheweth 
unto yo. hono. That your poor Peticonr is growen very infirme 
and lame and hath lost his eyesight, and were disabled in his 
Maties service in the late unhappy W aires, and served under 
Captaine Edward Stanhope, Esq., in his company of ffoote for 
several yeares, in the Ecgiment of Sr John Ramsden ; and 
under Capt. Morritts company, after the said Captaine Stanhope 
was chosen a C omit tee man, being alwayes faithfull to his 
Maty, and never disserted his service, though he received 
several maimes and wounds in the same ; being growne very 
poore, and in much want as will appeare by severall sub- 
stantiall men's hands hereunto written. May it therefore 
please yor. hono. to admit him as a Penconer in the first 
vacancy. And he as in duty bound shall ever pray. Certified 
by George Stanhope, &c. 

Skipton. — Major Wharton of Skipton, foot soldier for Charles 
I., served under Henry Lord Clifford, late Earl of Cumberland, 
1671. 

Samuel Constantino, Gent., (residence not given,) petitions 
for a pension. He joined Capt. Cuth. Wade's Dragoons, and 
afterwards fought under the Duke of Albemarle and spent his 
estate, 1675. 

John Kay, soldier, as Trooper in Lord Savil's troop, under 
Capt. Thomas Shildon, Mr. John Coppley, of Batley, being his 
Leivetenant. Joined his Maj. Standard, att Nottingham, '42; 
afterwards in Prince Rupert's Regiment at the battle of Edghill, 
wounded and imprisoned. Pont. April, 1680. 

Almondbury.— William Kay, of this parish, having received 
wounds in tbe services of Charles I. and Charles II., and de- 
siring to travel to St. Thomas' Hospitall, in Southward, where 
he hopes to bee cured of his lamenesse, received an order at 
Leeds Sessions, July, 1677, requiring all Constables and officers 
to suffer him to pass from Almondbury to London, the direct 
way,, peaceablye and quietlye he demeaning himself truely and 
honestly in his said journey as beehoves him. 

Wee desire yt proclemation may forthwith be made yt noe 
new pension can be admitted, nor gratuities granted by reason 
wee find yt ye Act of Plmt. is expired soe yt they need not at- 
tend. And yt likewise the Cheife Constables for the whole 
West Ryd. doe forthwith attend at ye Starr. Pontefract, 1680. 

Captain Wm. Stringer with the Lieutenant, three Sergeants 
and 46 under officers of this company of Sir Rich. Atkins regi- 
ment, owned before me their consent to serve their Majs. Wm. 
and Mary, May 29, 1694, Jasp. Blythman. Halifax and Brad- 
ford men who listed under Thomas Lord Fairfax and Sir 
Richard Atkins, sworn, Leeds, Aug. 1694. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 49 

Local Notes: 

Huddbbsfxzld. — It is ordered that Bradley Wood, in this 
parish, be assessed to the poor according to law, and the pro- 
portion of the assessments are referred to the two next justices, 
and Sr. Lyon Pilkington or his agents to have notice. — 
Pontefract, April, 1692. 

Gekktland. — John Clay, of Clayhouse, to have his goods 
distreyned restored to him, and Jeffrey Bambsden and John 
Greenwood to be rated in his stead. — Wakefield, January, 1682. 
Stanley. — Will Armitage has begun to sink a colliery. The 
coale lies very deep ; at great charge drawing water night and 
day, and it hath been drowned by six weeks together, and by 
reason of the wettnesse of the worke the workes fall, and part 
of the coale is gotten where he diggeth, whereby he is out of 
purse £40, and hath received noe profites answerable to the 
charge expended. He is over-assessed at £20 per ann. for the 
said colliery. He hath been distreyned the worke- tools. — 1688. 
E aland. — James Cawbord states :— " Your petitioner is as- 
sessed for a coalmine, and there is not any assessed in the 
whole vicaridge of hallifax but one in the same towne, and your 
petitioner has had a great deal of damage by the work falling 
in this last yeare. Prays that he may nott for the future be 
assessed, whioh will be very hard upon him/' Ordered to be 
assessed at xx nobles p. ann. — Wakefield, Jan., 1682. 

Samuel Jowett, of Ealland, is assessed to the full vallue of 
his rent for a mill in Elland, and there are severall hand mills 
lately erected and sett up in the constablary of Elland aforesaid 
which takes away the soake from his mill. Ordered to be as- 
sessed according to the rent v li per ann. land and mill. — 
Wakefield, Jan., 1682. 

Long Pbeston. — The minister and churchwardens testify 
that all galds, sesses, and taxes divided to our severall con- 
stablrys in manner and forme followinge : Long Preston 8d., 
Hellifield 8d., Wiglesworth 2, Westhalton 1. Ordered that the 
book of rates be made accordingly. — Skipton, July, 1691. 

Half Towns. — The constables of the Half Towns of Wike, 
Shipley, Eccleshill, Marsden, and Heckmondwike petition to 
have the book of rates revised so as to ease themselves. — Wake- 
field, Oct., 1691. 

Cloth Manufactube — Joseph Jackson, Leeds, with engines 
did stretch and strain cloth. Wakefield, Oct., 1678. 

Rowland Dodsworth, Leeds, stretching and streyning cloth. 
Leeds, 1679. 

Thomas Gibson, of Burgwallis, did mix with his wool, pitch, 
tar, Under, shanks, and other deceivable things. 1677. 

Numerous records of burial in woollen, as required by late 
Act of Parliament. 

Y.N.Q. e 



SO YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUERIEB. 

Counterfeiting several of his Mats. Cloth Seals. 1675. 

We read of woollen cloth called Halfthick. 1692. 

James Lambert is mentioned as master of the Company of 
Clothiers ; and one of the searchers of 'oloath' within the town 
of Holbeck also referred to. 1677. 

The humble petition of sevrall of the Inhabitants, clothdressrs 
within the sevrall Townes of Halifax, Eland, Norland, Sowerby, 
Warley, Skiroote, Northowrome, Southowrome, and Hipper- 
holme. Humbly sheweth, That his maties officers appointed 
for the Collecoon of his Maties duty of Hearth money within 
the said sevrall Townes have for the two last halfe years de- 
manded duty of sevrall of the aforesaid Inhabitante for their 
Charcole fires for their hott presses for the pressing of Cloth 
and hav distreyned vpon such as have refused and forced them 
to pay ffoure shillings for every such prtended ffire, and also 
other ffoure shillings for every distresse. And yor petitioners 
further shew that there were never before any duty paid to his 
Matie or demanded for such Aires either within the said Townes 
or at London, or in any other pts of this Kingdoms. Yor peti- 
coners beg therefore to be relieved. Wakefield, Oct., 1687. 

To the Bight Honble. and Bi — Majties Justices of ye Peace 
. . . West Biding of York. The humble petition of the 
Clot— subsisting by the Woollen Manufacture. Sheweth that 
whereas a petition was the last sessions of . . . the Honoble 
the Howse of Commons therein Assembl— the Merchants, 
Clothiers, and others subsisting by the C — in the County of 
Yorke wherein were sett forth some . . . the decay of Trade 
and remedy intimated therein by • . . Company of Merchants 
for the better regulacon thereof . . . petition annexed may 
appear. And that Honoble Howse was then satisfie — yt peti- 
tion ought not be answered, notwithstanding . . . informed 
ye same persons intend to make another ... a recomenda- 
con of such a position from this honob ... of that Howse 
for this County would give it hopes for a better . . . address 
themselves to this Honoble Bench for that purpose. And 
whereas yor Petitioners whose subsistence and Livi • . 
Manufacture are able and ready to sattisfye vr Hons th . . . 
said trade ye underrating the commodity the lown . • . home 
ye disparagent of ye manufacture abroad and yt the painefull 
workemen have been occationed by th . . .the power for 
which they seem to petition should be gra — Merchants it would 
endanger an Ingrossing and Monop — Manufacture into a few 
men's hands of what dest — yt will be yor petitioners humbly 
refer to your wisdomes. . . Humbly pray that this Honorble 
Bench would . . . petition of ye Merchants or others 
tending . . . have heard yor petitioners reason against : — 
John Sigston, Edward Parker, Tho . . . John Cowell, 
ffrancis Jagger, John . . . ffranois Baylie, John Snawden, 



YORKBHUftE NOTES AND QUERIES. 51 

Joseph Sigston, Sam . . . ffrancis Swinbanke, Abraham 
Smith, Robert . . . Thomas Turner, Will . . . William 
Cowell, John Thoresby, James . . . William Bollon, James 
Moxon, . . • William Dodgson, Micha . . . John 
Tindall, Christopher Conder, Bicliar . . . Richard Smur- 
fite, Richard Wilson, . . . Simon Jagger, Wm. Milner, 
John . . . Thomas Hodgson, John Hunter. Endorsed: 
The Court agrees that they will not signe any petition for the 
Merchants till the cloathyrs have notice of the same. [Circa 167-] 

To ye Honrble the Knights, Cittizens and Burgesses of the 
House of Commons in Parliament assembled. The humble 
peticon of the Merchts, ye Clothiers and others subsisting by 
the Woollen Manufacture in ye County of York, Sheweth, — 
That the said woolen manufacture had its birth and growth and 
did for divers Ages flourish under a regulaoon and govermnt of 
the Company of Merchants Adventurers of England where all 
care and prudence was used to keep up the reputation and 
prices of the English Manufacture in the hands of the English 
to the extraordinary benefitt of the whole Kingdom in generll, 
and the perticuler inoouragemt of yor Petitioners whereby the 
occation alsoe of exporting wools and Fullers Earth was taken 
away but by reason of severall late temporary suspentions of 
the Charter of ye said Company, and alsoe as they humbly con- 
ceive of the late libertye given Aliens to exports Woolen 
Manufacturers on equall Tearme of Cuetome which the English 
Merchts since that almost every Tucker and Cloth Dresser is 
become a Factor for Aliens taking them into their houses and 
instructing them in the mistery of the said woolen manmfacture. 
The English Merchant is not only bereaved of his Trade which 
is devolved into Forreners hands, but even those very Foreig- 
ners study all contrivances to imitate the severall Draperies of 
this Kingdom in their owne Countries, and have soe farr 
advanced therein that the Trade of this Kingdom is extraordin- 
arily decayed to ye great impoverishmt of yor petiooners, and 
the prices of woole, the principal staple commodity of this 
Nation, has fallen to halfe the vallew, to ye generall damage of 
the whole kingdom. Yor petitionrs therefore humbly pray that 
such regulation and government of Trade may be established 
for the encrease of ye woolen manufacture and incouragement 
of the English Merchant as by the wisdom of this Honorble 
House shall seem meet. [Dated about 167-.] 

Trades. — Samuell Brooke de Clifton, cardmaker, xx 1 *-* Mat- 
theus Longley de Clifton, x u » and Joseph Green de Tong, x u » 
as bondsmen. The said Samuell Brooke bound to appear at 
Quarter Sessions for buying severall quantities of fforaigne yron 
wyre for making of wooll bands ymported from pts beyond ye 
seas, contrary to ye statute. Wm. Farrer, J.P., Wakefield, 
January, 1681. 



52 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Deborah Utley, of Stansfeld, for following the grocer's trade, 
bound to appear. . 1678. 

Crusade against persons following the butchers' trade, contra 
statute, not having been apprenticed to it. Thirty so indicted 
at Skipton, 1675, others frequently at sessions afterwards. 

Order requiring the laws suppressing the planting of tobacco 
in England to be more rigidly enforced. 1675. 

The inhabitants of Silver street, in Wakefield, petition, reciting 
that, time out of mind there has been kept a market for leather 
in Silver Street, and they have erected stalls and shops, but 
are now hindered by Mr. ffayle, Officer of Excise of Leather, 
who threatened to prosecute the tanners if they sold any leather 
there. Wm. Lawson, James Woollin, Rowland Burrow, Robert 
Wilson. The markett hath alwayes been kept there. Thos. 
Wilson, Joseph B arras, James Sill. Endorsed — The court is 
of the opinion the market may be kept there. 

ffranci8 Stubbs of Bawtry indicted for using the trade of a 
cutler contrary to ye Statute. Doncaster, Oct. 1697. 

Licenses as common badger, lader, kidder, carrier or trans- 
porter of all manner of corne and grain in any market of the 
realm. 1671. 

R. H. of Ackworth, being a married man and above thirty 
years of age, licensed to be a common drover and buyer of 
cattel within the kingdom of England at the usual places. 1671. 

The constables ordered to make search for guns, nets, bows, 
greyhounds, &c, and report who had any ; and also inquire if 
any servant had more wages than the Statute directed, and 
also if harvest men or artificers received more : and masters 
and servants forbidden attending any statutes, or meetings. 
1671. 

11 Midwifes to be licensed." 1695. 

In 1695 labourers received as wages 7d. a day ; artificers Is. 
2d. or Is. 8d. a day. In 1678 we find— Ghristr. Lee 5 dayes, 
his man 4 dayes— 10s. 06d. ; 9 labourers 4 days, 18s. OOd. Chr. 
Tyreman 6 days work 07s. OOd. These assisted at rebuilding 
a bridge. J. H. T. 
o 

The Old Potters and Potteries op Yorkshire. — At the 
present time, when the ceramic works of the past are so muoh 
sought after, the information contained in the following articles 
respecting the old potters and potteries of Yorkshire will doubt- 
less prove acceptable, and may tend to elicit further particulars : 

A Mr. Francis Place is said to have been the first to make 
pottery and porcelain in Yorkshire, his operations being carried 
on at the Manor House, York, from 1665 to 1728. With the 
exception of the brief allusion to this manufactory by Horace 
Walpole and Ralph Thoresby few particulars are on record. 
Walpole, in his "Anecdotes of Painting," says that "Mr. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 68 

Francis Place, a gentleman of Yorkshire, had a turn to most of 

the beautiful arts." He painted, designed, and etched. He was 

the younger son of Mr. Rowland Place, of Dinsdale, in the 

county of Durham, and was placed as olerk to an attorney in 

London, where he continued till 1665 ; in which year, going 

into a shop, the officers came to shut up the house, on its 

having the plague in it. This occasioned his leaving London ; 

and gave him an opportunity of quitting a profession that was 

contrary to his inclination, and of following the roving life he 

loved, and the arts for which he had talents. Ralph Thoresby, 

in his 'Ducatus Leodiensis,' often mentions Mr. Place with 

great encomiums, and specifies various presents that he 

made to his museum. He tells us, too, that Mr. Place discovered 

an earth for, and a method of making porcelain, which he put 

in practice at the Manor House of York, of which manufacture 

he gave Thoresby a fine mug. From the same account we 

learn that Mr. Place discovered porphyry at Mount Sorril in 

Leicestershire, of which he had a piece to grind colours on. 

This author specifies views of Tinmouth Castle and lighthouse : 

the cathedral of York ; churches and prospects of Leeds, drawn 

and etched ; and a mezzo tinto of Henry Gyles, the glass 

painter, executed by Mr. Place. He also scraped three plates 

of John Moyser, Esq., of Beverley, his particular friend ; of 

Thomas Comber, Dean o£ Durham, and of Bishop Crew ; the 

last is finely executed. Many sketches of castles and views 

which he took in Wales, and of various other places in 

England, Scotland, and Ireland, several of them well finished, 

are extant, and have been engraved. A view of Scarborough 

Castle was drawn as late as the year 1715. His prints are 

very scarce. He seldom resided in London, and drew only for 

his amusement, seldom completing what he undertook, and in 

his rambles painting, drawing, and engraving, occasionally. In 

the reign of Charles H. he was offered a pension of £500 a 

year to draw the Royal Navy ; but declined accepting it, as he 

could not endure confinement or dependence. InThoresby's 

'Topography of Leeds' aire some churches by Place. Ames 

mentions a print by him, which I have, of Richard Thomson, 

from a painting of Zoust ; it is boldly done. Another is of 

Sterne, Archbishop of York. He also did some plates of birds, 

and the figures for Godartins's Book of Insects. Mr. Place 

died in 1728 ; and his widow, by whom he had a daughter, 

married to Wadham Wyndham, Esq., quitting the Manor House 

in York, disposed of his paintings, among which were an 

admired piece of fowls, others of flowers and fish, unfinished. 

There are two heads of Mr. Place extant, one by himself, the 

face only finished, and another by Murray." Thoresby, in his 

"Ducatus Leodiensis," says: — "Wortley Parish. Here is a 

good vein of fine clay that will retain its whiteness after it is 



64 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

burnt (when others turn red), and therefore used for the 
making of tobacco pipes, a manufacture but lately begun at 
Leeds. ... As to this manner of making of pipes I can 
add nothing to what Mr. Houghton has writ in his very useful 
collections for the ' Improvement of Husbandry and Trade ' (4 
vols., No. 154), where he tells us also that the pint mugs and 
even chinaware were made of this sort of earth, of which, saith 
he, we may make as good in England as any in the world. 
And this I am fully convinced of, having a specimen in this 
museum, made of English materials, in the Manor House, at 
York, by the very ingenious Mr. Francis Place, who presented 
it to me with one of the outer covers (seggars) purposely made 
to preserve it from the violence of the fire in baking." In the 
catalogue of his museum, annexed to the same work, is de- 
scribed " one of Mr. Place's delicate fine mugs, made in the 
Manor House, at York ; it equals the true chinaware ; " and 
Walpole, in the notes to his account of Mr. Place, after 
remarking that "his pottery cost him much money, he at- 
tempted it solely from a turn to experiments ; but one Clifton, 
of Pontefract, took the hint from him and made a fortune by 
it," says " I have a coffee cup of his ware ; it is a grey earth, 
with streaks of black, and not superior to common earthenware." 
This cup was sold at Strawberry Hill, and is now in the 
Museum of Practical Geology, with an old pasteboard label 
attached to the handle and inscribed, probably in Walpole's 
hand-writing, " Mr. Francis Place's china." It is of very fine 
stoneware, of light fabric, but perfectly opaque. 

A manufactory was in existence at Leeds as early as 
1760, two brothers, named Green, being the proprietors. 
Black Egyptian ware seems to have been the chief article pro- 
duced. About 1775, Messrs. Humble, Green & Co. began the 
fabrication of the noted cream, or Queen's ware, invented by 
the great Josiah Wedgwood, and made it an especial branch of 
their business ; but it was reserved for their successors, Messrs. 
Hartley, Greens & Co., to bring it to the high state of perfection 
that it afterwards attained. The latter firm published illustra- 
ted pattern-books entitled — "Designs of sundry articles of 
Queen's, or cream-coloured earthenware, manufactured by 
Hartley, Greens & Co., at Leeds Pottery, with a great variety 
of other articles. The same enamelled, printed, or ornamented 
with gold to any pattern ; also with coats of arms, ciphers, 
landscapes, &c, Leeds, 1786." An edition in German bears 
the early date of 1788, and a French copy 1785. The partners 
in 1788-4, composing the firm, were, William Hartley, Joshua 
Green, John Green, Henry Ackroyd, John Barwic, Samuel 
Wainwright, Thomas Wainwright, George Hanson, and Saville 
Green. In 1800 two fresh partners joined the concern, Ebene- 
zer Green and E. Parsons. A very extensive business was 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 55 

carried on, but in consequence of disagreements among the 
numerous persons interested, the concern was thrown into 
Chancery, and in 1825 it was purchased by Mr. Samuel Wain- 
wright, and for a short time was styled " S. Wainwright and 
Co." At his death in 1882 the trustees carried on the business 
under the style of the "Leeds Pottery Company," managed by 
Stephen Chappel, and shortly after the whole concern was 
transferred to Stephen and James Chappell, and continued by 
them until 1847, when they became bankrupt. The assignees 
carried it on for a few years, managed by Mr. Richard Britton, 
and in 1850 Mr. Samuel War burton bought the works in 
partnership with Britton, under the style of "Warburton, 
Britton, & Co." Of the many kinds of goods manufactured at 
the Leeds works, those sent out by Messrs. Hartley, Greens & 
Co., command especial attention. Nothing can exceed the 
Quality of material and the beauty of the workmanship displayed 
in the many really exquisite examples that are preserved in 
public and private collections, particularly in regard to the 
Queen's ware. This ware bears considerable resemblance in 
the paste to Staffordshire Queen's ware; but differs in the 
colour of the glaze, which is of a mellower kind. The perforated 
or pierced work is characteristic ; although apparently of infinite 
variety, it is confined to a few patterns repeated over and over 
again. The embossed festoons, masks, flower and figure knobs, 
the pressed rims, the twisted handles, terminating in floriated 
work, are all finely modelled, and frequently tinted or lined in 
different colours. Specimens in wicker work and plain ware, 
painted or enamelled with flowers and insects, partly gilt and 
ornamented in transfer printing, as well as figures and groups 
are met with. Ciphers, mottoes, and rhymes are of frequent 
occurrence on the Leeds wares. A jug in my collection is 
inscribed : — 

" In God will 

I trust." 

Another in the possession of Miss Hainsworth, of Bingley, who 

informs me that it was made for her grandmother, bears the 

following lines : — 

" A present for Sarah Hainsworth 
Steal not this Jug my honest friend 
For fear the gallows be your end 
And when you die the Lord will say 
"Where is the Jug you stoal away." 
It is to be regretted that a complete list of the figures, busts, 
and groups, has not hitherto been made, as the subjects were 
various, and generally of a superior order; specimens, well 
authenticated as of Leeds manufacture, fetch high prices when 
offered for sale; China, or porcelain, was also made at Leeds, 
but at what period it was introduced I have not been able to 



56 Y0RK8HIKE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

ascertain. A friend of mine, however, who was employed at 
the works, when nnder the management of Stephen and James 
Chappell, and who left in 1846, the year before those gentlemen 
were declared bankrupt, testifies to its production at that time. 
Marked specimens of Leeds ware are seldom met with, the mark 
generally found is the name of the pottery, impressed in full, 
" Leeds Pottery." Sometimes it is repeated and arranged in 
the form of the letter X. Other examples are " L. P." (Leeds 
Pottery) and " L. P. C." (Leeds Pottery Company). A rarer 
type is "Hartley, Greens & Co., Leeds Pottery.'* The 
letters " G. and G., M surmounted by a crown, " C. G." (Charles 
Green) and " C. G." with " W." underneath, and an arrow-head 
are now considered as early marks. The horse-shoe is another 
mark found impressed on the Leeds ware. I have a jug in my 
collection ornamented with raised thistles and roses, on the 
bottom of which is the letter " G." enclosed by the Masonic 
symbols, the compass and square embossed ; a mark that may, 
with great probability, be attributed to Leeds. 

J. £• Preston. 

Village Feasts. — Information is desired relating to the 
origin of any of the Yorkshire village feasts, tides, wakes, 
thumps, rants, and rushbearings. Inquirer. 



/ 



^ fehs tHEorba tm lift Jglfot.* . 

By Llewellynn Jewitt, F.S.A., &c. 

THE occurrence of a Fylfot of remarkable, if not unique, 
character, on one of the fine old sculptured crosses in 
which the Isle of Mann is so peculiarly rich, affords oppor- 
tunity which I gladly seize, of giving in the first number of 
" The Manx Note Book," a few words upon that figure and on 
its meaning and symbolism. The stone to which I allude is at 
Onchan, and is, so far as I am at present aware, the only 
instance of the occurrence of a Fylfot on any of the ancient 
sculptured stones on the Island. On some others, as I may 
possibly take occasion to point out, the ornamentation partakes 
of the Fylfot form and feeling, but no other distinct and clear 
example I believe occurs. 

The slab, of which an engraving appears on Plate VI. of 
"The Runic and other Monumental Remains of the Isle of 
Mann," by my friend the late Rev. J. G. Cumming, bears, in 
relief, a cross, with surrounding circle and shaft, whose entire 
surfaces are covered with an elaborate guilloche pattern, the 
intricate interlacing of which is well defined. This shafted 
cross occupies about two-thirds of the length of the slab, and 

•The occurrence of the Swastika on the rooks at Hkley suggested the 
reproduction of this valuable article in our pages. — Ed. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



67 



is surrounded by an outline terminating in a scroll on each 
side at the foot. On either side the shaft is a grotesque 
animal, and at the foot a line of scroll-ornament, from which 
rises, on each side, a simple band terminating in scrolls behind 
and above their heads. On the lower part of the slab below 
the scroll-ornament base of the cross, and entirely clear and 
distinct from it, and independent of all other ornament or 
device is the Fylfot to which I am about to direct attention ; it 
is placed somewhat diagonally upon the plain portion of the 
slab, and measures about a foot from limb to limb. This 
Fylfot which, as I have said, is remarkable if not unique in its 
development, I have had engraved on Fig. 17. It is, as will be 
then seen, formed of four crozier-like limbs whose shafts 
intersect each other in the centre ; the scrolls being three-fold. 

The "Fylfot," "Fytfot," " Gammadion, " or "Thorr's 
Hammer," as it is variously called — "the dissembled cross 
under the discipline of the secret " — is one of the most curious 
and ancient forms of cross, and its mysticism and symbolism 
are very marked. By some writers it is said to be formed of 
four gammas conjoined in the centre "which, as numerals, 
expressed the Holy Trinity, and, by its rectangular form, 
symbolized the chief corner-stone of the church "; by others, to 
be formed of the two words su and asti, meaning " it is well," 
or " so be it," and implying complete resignation. From this 
the Swastika*, the opponents of the Brahmins, received their 
name ; " their monogrammatic emblem, or symbol, being the 
mystic cross p^J formed by the combination of two syllables su 
x U = suti, or swasti." With all this, however, I have nothing 
to do on the present occasion. Heraldically, the Fylfot may be 
described as a cross cramponnee, or rebated. In its proper 
proportion, as I have on other occasions shewn, it is a square 
area divided into twenty-five square parts (i. e., five each way) 
thus (Fig. 1) of which seventeen form the figure. 



_i 

i 





Fig. 1. 



Rg. 2. 



Fig. 3. 



It is, therefore, simply a plain Greek cross, or cross of St. 
George, composed of nine of these squares (as in Fig. 2.) with 
the terminations of the limbs rebated and continued to the 
outer edges of the general square, as shewn on Fig. 8. Or, in 
other words, it is a plain cross of five squares within a border 
of similar squares from which the fourth (or second) on each 
side has been omitted. In this, its simple form, it occurs as I 



58 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

shall presently show, from the very earliest times from which 
art-relics have come down to us and among nations and peoples 
far removed from each other in their geographical distribution, 
in sentiments, and in religion. 

In northern mythology the Fylfot is known as the Hammer 
of Thorr, tbe Scandinavian God, or Thunderer, and is called 
" Thorr's Hammer " or the " Thunderbolt." The same is said 
of the Tau which, though somewhat hammer-shaped according 
to our form of hammer, bears no possible resemblance to the 
ancient emblem of the thunderbolt. The Scandinavian god 
Thorr, whose day Thornday or Thursday stands between those 
of his father (Wodin or Odin, Wodensd&y, Wednesday,) and 
mother (Fria or Friga, Friday, Friday) was " the bravest of 
the sons of Odin" and "believed to bee of the moste marvellous 
power and might ; yea, and that there were no people through- 
out the whole world that were not subjected unto him, and did 
not owe him divine honour and service; that there was no 
puissance comparable unto his. His dominion of all others 
most farthest extending itself, both in heaven and earth. That 
in the air he governed the winds and the cloudes ; and being 
displeased, did cause lightning, thunder, and tempest, with ex- 
cessive raine, haile, and all ille weather. But, being well 
pleased by the adoration, sacrifice, and service of his suppliants 
he then bestowed upon them most faire and seasonable weather ; 
and caused corne abundantly to growe ; a? all sorts of fruites, 
&c; and kept away the plague and all other evill and infectious 
diseases." The emblem of this god, Thorr or tbe Thunderer, 
was, as I have said, a thunderbolt or hammer of gold, which 
hammer was frequently represented as a Fylfot. His hammer, 
it is said, had the peculiar property that whenever thrown it 
never failed to strike the object at which it was aimed and 
always returned or flew back to his hand.* This property will 
be recognised as similar to that of the boomerang ; and here, 
surely, as I have already on another occasion advanced, we 
have a curious and interesting insight into the origin of the 
form of the emblem itself. As I have just said, the fylfot is 
described by some writers as being formed of four gammas 
conjoined in the centre. The form of the boomerang, some- 
thing like a letter V with a rounded, instead of pointed 
bottom, bears a marked resemblance to the ancient gamma, 
and it is a missile instrument, which on being skilfully thrown, 
slowly ascends into the air, whirling round and round till it 
reaches a considerable height and then returns, until it Anally 
sweeps over the head of the thrower and strikes the ground or 



* His weapon being a thunderbolt it was of course bat natural that a 
belief should spring up that it returned to him after striking where aimed, 
else, how could he again throw it ? 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 59 

other object behind him. When this power, and the form of 
the boomerang, are remembered in connection with the tra- 
ditional returning power of the hammer, the Fylfot may surely 
be not inappropriately described as a figure composed of four 



boomerangs conjoined in the centre OO an< * thus emblema- 
tise the " Thunderer's " power. This form of Fylfot is not at 
all uncommon on early examples from Troy and other places 
and countries. It is indeed simply the ordinary Fylfot with 

the angles rounded almost as though formed of two 
S's crosswise. 




The Fylfot is found on early Scandinavian, Danish, Indian, 
and Gaulish coins, as well as those of Syracuse, 
Corinth, and Ghalcedon. It is also occasionally 
found on Anglo-Saxon coins; on one of these, of 
the sixth or seventh century, the rebate of each 
of the limbs does not start from quite the top, 
and is pointed. Some of the ancient Danish 
*%• 7 - coins on which the emblem appears, bear also 

the name of Thorr in runes. 

One of the most remarkable assemblages of objects of high 
antiquity upon which the Fylfot appears is that of the terra- 
cotta whorls, pottery, and the like, brought to light by Dr. 
Schliemann, and figured in his work upon Troy and its Remains. 
With regard to these the doctor remarks that he had frequently 
found both the f£| and the Ijjg on remains during the course 
of his excavations without at first being able to understand 
their meaning. After researches in different works, however, 
he came to the conclusion "that both the ^ and the flJ 
which he found in Emile Burnouf s Sanscrit Lexicon under the 

name of Suastika, and as to the meaning of = — , or, as the 

sign of good-wishes, were already regarded, thousands of years 
before Christ, as religious symbols of the very greatest import- 
ance among the early progenitors of the Aryan races in Bactria, 
and in the villages of the Oxus, at a time when the Germans, 
Indians, Pelasgians, Celts, Persians, Sclavonians, and Iranians, 
still formed one nation and spoke one language ; " and he pro- 
ceeds to cite a vast number of instances in which he, in the 
course of his investigations, has found it occurring. Without, 
however, following him, or Emile Burnouf, or Max Miiller, or 
other works, to which those who wish to pursue the subject 
further may be glad to refer, but from which space would not 
allow me to quote, I will proceed to give a few examples that 
will be useful for reference and comparison. 



YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 




occur in the Catacombs 
of Rome. The Colchester 
vase, so called because it 
was found in the Roman 
Cemetery, which formed 
the site of West Lodge, 
near that city, where it 
had been used as a sepul- 
chral urn, bears as one of 
the three groups with 
which it is decorated, a 
representation of a combat 
between two gladiators — 
a SectUor and a Eetiarius. 
The former, wearing a 
close helmet and armed 
with sword and shield, is 
advancing upon his con- 

„ quered adversary prepared 

Fig. 20. The Colchester Vase. ^ gtrike the ffttftl Mo ^ 

while the latter, who has been vanquished, has dropped his 
trident and is elevating his right hand to implore mercy from 
the spectators. It is on the shield of the Secutor that the 
Fylfot occurs and is probably there placed as an emblem of 
asserted power and victory. Over the head of the Secutor are 
the letters memn - n - sag - vi in, which (taking it for granted 
that the a in sac should be e) has been read as Memrdvus [or 
Memnon] numeii secutorum victor ter, 
or, "Memnius [or Memnon] of the 
number [or band] of secutors, 
conqueror thrice " ; over that of 
the Retiariusj valentinv leoionis 
xxx, meaning, clearly, " Valentinus 
of the thirtieth legion," who was, 
doubtless, the vanquished one 
whose figure appears. On another 
vase, which I give as a companion 
to this (Fig. 21), a nude figure is 
represented holding the thunder- 
bolt. 

From the time of the Romans, 
or, earlier still, from that of the 
Norsemen, the Fylfot has, in one 
way or other, been used down to 
the present day in our own country. 
Besides the earlier examples to 
which I have referred, and many 
others that could be cited, it is, 
later on, found on a shield on the 




Fig. 21. 



Y0RK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Bayeux tapestry (Fig. 22), and, later still, is not unfrequently 
met with on monumental brasses and sculptured effigies of 
ecclesiastics, military and laymen. Thus, on the examples 
here engraved (Figs. 28 to 27), it forms, on the brass of 
Thomas de Hop (circa 1800) a priest, in Kemsing 
Church, alternately with quatrefoils, a border on 
the collar of the chasuble; on that of Richard 
Hakebourae, in Merton College, on the border of 
the collar and sleeves; on the collar of the chasuble 
of the brass of Walter Frilend's, at Oakham, 
Surrey, and John Alderburne at Lewknor and 
others ; and on those of Bishop Branscomb, Sir 
John D'Abernoun, and many others. It may, 
probably, have been adopted by Christians through 
its consisting of four gammas, which, as numerals, 
expressed the Holy Trinity, and, by its rectangular 
form, symbolized the chief corner-stone of the 
Church. 




Fig. 22. 



Ifflfflffl 



Pig. 23. 





Pig. 26. Fig. 27. 

The Fylfot either in its simple f^J form, or of more or less 
complicated development pU or combined with other Figures, 
was also a favourite device upon mediaeval bells, and enters, 
not nnfrequently, into the marks adopted by their founders, 
more especially those of the midland counties of England. Of 
these, I give engravings of one or two examples on Figs. 80 to 




Fig. 30. 



64 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



82. As the ringing of the Church bells in times of tempest 
was superstitiously believed to drive away thunder, probably 




Fig. 31. 
the old Thunderer superstition that had not died out of the 
popular mind might have had something to do with the putting 
thereon the sign of Thorr, who was 
i^-^x ^| y( believed to have power over storms 

Ifj) 1 1 1 / and tempests, and of himself throwing 

U-^ I t=^4 1 the thunderbolts. 

I have said, perhaps, enough on the 
u subject to show that more than a pass- 

u "" 1 (1 ing interest attaches itself to even so 

r ■ j; — '1 apparently trivial a matter as the oc- 

currence of an out-of-the-way ornament 
on a slab in a village church-yard, and, 
I trust, by so doing I may lead others 
to examine more closely the remains of 
Fig. 82. past ages that are spread so lavishly 

over the length and breadth of the Island, and to note their 
peculiarities, trace out their symbolism and hidden meaning* 
and give to the world the-result of their researches. 

The Hollies, 
Driffield, Derby. 




Baildon. — I am collecting materials for a History of Baildon 
and the Baildon Family. I shall be very grateful for any 
information. Palet Baildon. 

19, Old Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, 
London, W. C. 

Darton Parish Begistebs. — Have the Registers of Darton,. 
near Barnsley, been published ? E. H. — S. 




65 



VlS^MMtfitii'j 



Y.N.Q. 



96 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

&b* #t0ratrian £tUkmtni r |faln*rk, fjorksljir*. 

A chapter of Yorkshire history that is now very much needed, 
and that ought soon to be written, is that of the Work of the 
Moravian Brethren in this County, which began as far back as 
the year 1788. It is not for me to say who shall write this 
Chapter, but I have not the least hesitation in saying that the 
Rev. A. C. Hasse, a Moravian Minister and Bishop of the 
Church, is the gentleman most competent for such a task. Not 
only does he possess the necessary materials for it, but he has 
also the enthusiasm of a genuine antiquary, and a reverence 
for the marvellous labours of the early Brethren, that would 
enable him to infuse the true spirit of the historian into his 
writings. 

Having said so much I dare not venture further, on this head, 
unless I may be allowed to give expression to the hope that 
this useful and necessary work may not be delayed too long. 
Mr. Hasse has laboured long and industriously in gathering up 
the fragments that go to make a complete whole, and if the 
compilation and completion of the work be not carried out by 
him who else can be found able and willing to do it ? 

In the absence of a complete narrative of Yorkshire Moravian 
history, one has, of course, to be thankful for any small con- 
tributions that may come in one's way. Perhaps one of the 
best of these is the pamphlet that was issued at the time of the 
celebration of the Centenary Jubilee of the Brethren's Yorkshire 
Congregations in 1855. 

From this source we learn that in 1788, John Toeltschig, one 
of the Brethren, and son of a magistrate in Moravia, was sent 
to Yorkshire, at the Bev. Benjamin Ingham's special request, 
to aid him in the work of evangelisation which he was carrying 
on here. He was followed in 1741, by Peter Boehler, a learned 
and pious man among the Brethren, and at the head of the 
Fetter Lane Society in London, connected with which were 
John and Charles Wesley, and many Moravians from Germany. 
This body of Christian labourers included about fifteen preachers. 
In 1742, a number of them accompanied Toeltschig into York- 
shire, taking up their abode first at Smith House, Lightcliffe, 
the residence of a Mrs. Holmes, whose husband had visited the 
Brethren in London. By the next year 1748, they had no less 
than 47 meeting houses or preaching stations ; several of which, 
in later times, developed into "settled" congregations, such as 
those now existing at Wyke, Wellhouse, Gomersal, Baildon, &c. 
The land for the Fulneck settlement was purchased by the Bev. 
Benjamin Ingham, for the Moravians, in January, 1744, and 
at Candlemas, (Feby. 2) one month after the purchase, the 
Brethren moved into the houses upon the top of the hill, one of 
which was adapted for a dwelling for the "labourers/ 1 and 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 67 

another fop a meeting room. The whole tract of land, which 
now forma the gardens, meadows, and plantations of the Ful- 
neck settlement, was then one wild, uncultivated common, 
covered with briars and brambles. Applicable, truly* were the 
words of the prophet to this chosen spot; "Instead of the thorn 
shall eome up the fir tree, and instead of the briar shall come 
up the myrtle tree." 

The name given to the new settlement was first Lamb's Hill ; 
afterwards it received the name of Grace Hall, and about 1763, 
the name of Fulneck. It was in May, 1746S that the site was 
consecrated, and the foundation stone laid by the brethren 
Toeltschig, Oekershausen, and Hauptman. In March, 1748, 
the portion set out for the labourers was finished and im- 
mediately occupied. The whole was completed in June, and 
was solemnly consecrated by Johannes de Watteville, assisted 
by Peter Boahler. The Organ was erected the same year by 
Snetzler, the most eminent Organ builder in England, at that 
period. The pulpit was not erected till 1750, and the first 
preacher who occupied it was the gifted Benjamin La Trobe. 
The foundation stones were laid of the two houses (called the 
Choir houses) for the brethren and sisters by Count Zinzendorf, 
and his Bon Benatus, in 1749, though they were not completed 
until 1752. In 1767, the Sisters' house being fall, a large house 
at Little-moor was rented for their accommodation. The burial- 
ground was consecrated 1749. From 1750 to 1758, the terrace 
and gardens were laid out. The boys' school was built in 1785, 
and enlarged in 1818 ; and in the year 1800, Sunday Schools 
were established by the Bev. John Hartley. 

In order to carry out the original plan of a settlement and to 
find employment for the brethren and sisters living at Fulneck, 
diaconiea or establishments for carrying on different trades 
were commenced. The brethren's house began the clothing 
business in 1756, and subsequently a worsted and glove manu- 
factory, a farm, a public bakehouse, a tailor's, and a shoemaker's 
business ; while in the sisters' house were carried on different 
branches of needlework and hosiery trades. 

Truly marvellous must have been the faith of the Moravian 
brethren, who in the face of peculiar trials and discouragements, 
could set about the erection of Chapels, Ministers' houses, 
Choir houses, and Schools, at a cost of not less than £15,000, 
and this at a time when there was no wealthy religious public 
to appreciate and sympathise with their efforts. 

Dear and venerated spot, what memories of eminent and 
worthy men are written in its very walls! Well might the 
Brethren of to day delight to honour the names of men like 
Zinzendorf, Spangenberg, and Boehler. Fulneck has, indeed, 
a history of which it may well feel proud. A long list of great 
and. good men,, who received their education within its seminary, 



68 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

might easily be made, but it will suffice to enumerate — Richard 
Oastler, the "Factory King"; James Montgomery, the poet ; 
Edward Atherstone, author of " The Fall of Nineveh/' &c; 
John Edwards, the poet ; and members of the distinguished 
La Trobe family. W.8. 

We are indebted to Mr. J. J. England, of Upper Wortley, 
for a copy of the rare German print of Fulneck. Mr. England 
has done most valuable service for the future History *of Mora- 
vianism in Yorkshire, by his superb, artistic sketches, of which 
he has published the following: — Yorkshire Moravian Preaching 
Houses, Fulneck, (various views), Little Horton, Baildon, Well 
House, Heckmondwike, Wyke, Gomersall ; with Fairfield, 
several views, and Ockbrook. Kirkstall Abbey is the subject 
of two other of Mr. England's sketches. We can thoroughly 
endorse from personal acquaintance, our correspondent's re- 
marks as to the pre-eminent fitnesa of Bishop Hasse as the 
Historian of the Brethren, and hope the Yorkshire Section is 
far advanced in his hands. 



Common-land Tbrms. — Could you kindly refer me to any 
book or pamphlet, where I can see a good account of what are 
called " Reins," boundaries or divisions of land. W.B. — A.V. 

(Seebohm's Villaqe Gommnnitin. Any other book ?) 



High Sunderland is an ancient mansion, about a mile from 
Halifax, on the old Bradford Road, and seems to be so named 
from its high situation, and on account of the land being 
sundered, or separated, for some purpose or other. The reason 
for this name is now lost, and it must have originated in Saxon 
times, judging not only by the etymology, but from the fact of 
High Sunderland being mentioned in the Manorial Bolls, 
yearly, from 1800. It is just without the jurisdiction of the 
gibbet-law, yet we scarcely think this fact can have any relation 
to its sundered position. 

Watson thought that the present edifice was reared about 
1597, being the work of Richard Sunderland, who married 
Susan Saltonstall, or of his son Abraham, who married Eliza- 
beth Langdale, but more probably the latter, because the arms 
of Saltonstall and Langdale, impaled with those of Sunderland, 
are found in the windows. A pedigree of this family, with the 
descent to the present time, and a portrait of the local worthy, 
Captain Langdale Sunderland, will be given in an early part. 
The house has been highly decorated, and some statues and 
busts still remain. Under the arms of Saltonstall, Langdale, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



69 



and Thornhill, (of Fixby, whence Langdale Sunderland fetched 
his wife,) in a cnamber window, is the couplet, — 

Felix quern virtus generosa exornat avorum, 




Et qxii vtrtute suis adjicit ipse decua. L>S. 
(Happy is he whom the illustrious virtue of his ancestors 
adorns, and who, by his own virtue, adds lustre to theirs.) 



70 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Thus we see that Langdale did something towards beautifying 
the ancestral home. He resided afterwards at Coley Hall, as 
recorded more folly in Captain John Hodgson's Memoirs. Over 
the North door at High Sunderland, is the inscription, 

Ne subeat glis serdus (surdus) ; 
and over another door on the north side, 

Ne intret amicus hirudo. 
At the back part of the house are four English lines too 
coarse for publication. In the hall, over the fire-place, 
Maxima Domus utilitas ; et pernicies, Ignis et Lingua. 
(Houses when large yield comfort ; fires and tongues carry 
destruction with them.) 
Over the south door : 
Hie Locus i *' ftmftt > punit, conservat, honorat 

(Nequitiem, pacem, crimina, jura, probos. 
Confide Deo, Diffide Tibi. 
This Place I hates loves punishes preserves honours 
(profligacy peace crimes justice the good. 
This inscription is on the Town House at Delft, in Holland, 
and Glasgow Town Hall, where bonos appears for probos. A 
pillar on the left hand of the south door bears the words — Patria 
Domus, and on the right side— Optima Caelum. On the south 
front: 

Omnipotens faxet, stirps Sunderlandia sedes 
Incolet has placide, et tueatur jura parentum, 
Lite vacans, donee fluctus formica marinos 
Ebibat, et totum testudo perambulet orbem ! 
(The Almighty grant that the family of Sunderland may 
peaceably possess the mansion and preserve the rights of its 
ancestors, till the ant drink up the waters of the sea, and the 
tortoise traverse the whole world.) The disasters of the civil 
war thwarted this comprehensive wish, for Langdale Sunder- 
land was reduced to the necessity of selling his ancestral home, 
and also Coley Hall, to the Hortons. Over the principal gate- 
way is : 

Nunquam hanc pulset portam qui violat aquum. 
(Never may he who violates justice seek to enter this gate.) 
On the same is a cherub sounding a trumpet, and on a scroll : 
Fama virtu turn, tuba perennis. 
(The fame of virtuous deeds is a perpetual trumpet.) 
We are indebted to J. Whiteley Ward, Esq., of Halifax, for 
the following abstract, tracing the property to the present day. 
18 May, 1796. At a Court Baron held at Wakefield, for the 
Manor of Wakefield, on this date, Thomas Horton, of Hound- 
hill, in the County of York, Clerk, came before the Steward, 
with the consent and approbation of Sir Watts Horton, of 
Chaderton (or Chadc/erton), in the County of Lancaster, Bart., 
(the eldest son and heir-at-law of Sir Willm. Horton, Bart., 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 71 

deceased, and Grandson and heir-at-law of Thos. Horton, Esq.) 
and took of the Lord of the feaid Manor — 

All the copyhold portion of the houses, farms, lands, and 
premises, situate at High Sunderland, in Northowram, in 
the Graveship of Hipperholme, in the parish of Halifax. 

All which said premises had been then lately seized into the 
hands of the Lord of the said Manor, for that he, the said Sir 
Watts Horton,* had leased the same by an Indenture, dated 
the 2nd March then last past, to his youngest brother, William 
Horton, of Chadderton, Esquire, for a term of twenty-one years, 
" without fine thereof made with the Lord of the Manor afore- 
" said, in contempt of the Lord, and contrary to the custom of 
"the said Manor, as at Court Baron called at Wakefield 
" aforesaid, in and for the said Manor, of the 2nd day of March 
" then last past, by a certain Inquest then sworn for the Lord 
" of the Manor aforesaid, it was found and presented ; where 
" upon proclamation was openly made and published in three 
" usual Courts holden at Wakefield aforesaid, that if any persons 
" would claim to hold of the Lord of the Manor aforesaid, all 
" the said premises, with the appurtenances, and for the same 
"pay and perform to the Lord of the Manor aforesaid, the 
"rents, fines, and services therefor due and accustomed, they 
" shall come in and be received, and nobody did claim the said 
"premises except the said Thomas Horton . . (one of the 
"brothers of the said Sir Watts Horton,)" who was thereupon 
admitted tenant of the said premises, in trust for the said Sir 
Watts Horton. 

8th May, 1798. By a deed of this date, made between Sir 
Watts Horton of the first part, the Bev. Thomas Horton of the 
2nd part, and the Bight Hon. Edward, Earl of Derby, the Bev. 
Geoffrey Hornby, Bector of Wittwick, Lancashire, and George 
Lloyd, of Manchester, Esquire, on the 3rd part, the property 
was mortgaged by Sir Watts Horton to the Earl of Derby, Bev. 
G. Hornby, and G. Lloyd, as Executors of the Will of the 
Honourable Elizabeth Horton, the late wife of the said Thomas 
Horton. [This Mrs. Horton was the sister of the Earl of Derby.] 

29th March, 1808. Sir Watts Horton having sold the pro- 
perty to William Walker, of Crow NeBt, near Halifax, Esquire, 
it was conveyed to the latter by a deed of this date, to which 
the mortgagees (Mrs. Horton's Executors as above) were parties* 

19th August, 1809. Mr. William Walker, by his will of this 
date, gave the property to his Nephew, William Priestley* 

27th May, 1811. William Priestley was admitted tenant of 
the property, under the will of Mr. Walker, at a Court held at 
Halifax, on this date, for the Lord of the Manor of Wakefield. 

• Sir Watts Horton appe&ro, from a deed dated 27 May, 1778, to bare 
dcmed his title at a mnoh earlier datei 



72 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

9th Dec, 1858. William Priestley (described as " of Boston 
Spa, better known by the name of Thorp Arch, in the County 
of York, Esquire,") by his will of this date, gave all his real 
estate to his Nephew, John Bawson, of Brockwell, in Sowerby, 
in the parish of Halifax, who was admitted as tenant at a 
Court held at Wakefield, on the 18th January, 1861. [Wm. 
Priestley died 1 April, I860.] 

3rd June, 1861. By Indenture of this date, John Rawson 
conveyed the property to Evan Charles Sutherland- Walker, 
then of Crow Nest, near Halifax, Esquire, who sold it to the 
present owners, Messrs. Ward, in 1866. 

In the conveyance to Wm. Walker, (29 Mch., 1808,) there is 
a covenant by Sir Watts Horton, to produce the following title 
deeds, which were retained in his possession, viz., 

1709, Aug. 24th & 25th. Indentures of Lease and Release 
made between Thomas Horton, of Chadderton, Esq., of the 1st 
part, Bichard Mostyn, of London, Merchant, and Ann his 
daughter, of the 2nd part, Sir Bichard Grosvenor, of Eaton, in 
the County of Chester, Bart., and Sir Boger Mostyn, of Mostyn, 
in the County of Flint, Bart., of the 8rd part, Bichard Mostyn, 
of Pimbedow, in the County of Denbigh, Esq., Oswald Moseley, 
of Ancoates, in the County of Lancaster, Esq., of the 4th part, 
and Bichard Marriott, of Alcot, in the County of Gloucester, 
Esq., and Edward Hopwood, of Hopwood, in the County of 
Lancaster, Esq., of the 5th part. 

1751, Aug. 1st & 2nd. Indentures of Lease and Release made 
between the said Thos. Horton, and William Horton, his eldest 
son and heir apparent, of the 1st part, Alexander Casson and 
Bichard Casson, Gentlemen, of the 2nd part, and William Shaw 
and William Furnival, Gentlemen, of the 8rd part. 

Michaelmas Term, 25 Geo. 3rd.* Exemplification of a Re- 
covery suffered in the Common Pleas at Westminster, wherein 
the said William Shaw and William Furnival, are demandants, 
the said Alex. Casson and Bichard Casson, tenants, and the 
said Wm. Horton, vouchee. 

1758, May 2nd & 8rd. Indentures of Lease and Release 
made between the said Thos. Horton of the 1st part, Sir Thomas 
Mostyn, of Mostyn, aforesaid, Bart., son and heir of the said 
Sir Boger Mostyn, then deceased, who survived the said Sir 
Bichd. Grosvenor, of the 2nd part, the said Willm. Horton (by 
the description of Wm. Horton, Esq., eldest son and heir ap- 
parent of the said Thos. Horton) and Susannah his wife, late 
Susannah Watts, the niece and heir of John Watts, Esquire, 
deceased, of the 3rd part, the said Edward Hopwood (who had 
survived the said Bichard Marriott) of the 4th part, Joshua 
Horton, George Lloyd, and Susannah his wife, Mary Horton, 
Ann Horton, Jane Horton, and Sarah Horton, Spinsters, 

*(?Geo.2nd.) 



Y0KK8HIRE K0TE8 AND QUERIES. 73 

(which said Joshua Horton is described to be the younger son, 
and the said Susannah Lloyd, Mary, Ann, Jane, and Sarah 
Horton, were the daughters of the said Thomas Horton, by Ann 
his wife, deceased,) of the 5th part, Edward Gregg, of Chamber, 
in the County of Lancaster, and Anthony Cook, of Hunslet, in 
the County of York, Esquires, of the 6th part, and George 
Legh, Doctor in Divinity, Yicar of Halifax, of the 7th part. 

1778, May 26th & 27th. Indentures of Lease and Release 
made between the said Sir Watts Horton of the 1st part, 
Thomas Winckley and Walter Eerfoot, Gentlemen, of the 2nd 
part, and the said Edward, Earl of Derby, and George Lloyd 
of the 3rd part. 

Trinity Term, 18 Geo. 8rd. Exemplification of Recovery, 
wherein the said Edward, Earl of Derby, and George Lloyd, 
are Demandants, the said Thos. Winckley and Walter Kerfoot, 
tenants, and the said Sir Watts Horton, vouchee. 

1791, Nov. 22nd. Deed Poll from said Thomas Horton, of 
Whittington, in the County of Lancaster, Bachelor of Laws, to 
the said Sir Watts Horton. 

Same date. Deed Poll from William Horton, Esq., to the 
said Sir Watts Horton. 

1791, Sept. 24th. Indentures made between the said Susannah 
Lloyd, the widow and relict of the said George Lloyd, mentioned 
in the Indenture of 3rd May, 1758, Gamaliel Lloyd, Esq., the 
said George Lloyd mentioned in the Indenture of 27th May, 
1778, and Thos. Lloyd, Esquires, the Executrix and Executors 
of the before mentioned George Lloyd, who survived the said 
George Legh, of the 1st part, the said Thomas Horton and 
William Horton of the 2nd part, and the said Sir Watts Horton 
of the 3rd part. 

— — o 

ANCIENT SESSIONS NOTES EXTRACTED FROM 
THE ORIGINALS. 

Burials in Woollen. — Account of moneys received by the 
Overseers of Nun Monkton of my Lady Caney for burying 
George Payler, Esq., her husband, in linning contrary to the 
late Act of Parlmt. To John Bowser the informer 21. 10s. OOd. 
total £5. 

Ecclesfield, Oct. 14, 1678. A register of all burials there since 
1 August; nine persons, Mr. Leonard Reresby being one. 
Affidavits received by S. Slack, curate. Sworn before H. Ed- 
munds, Esq., J. P. 

South Kirkby, 1678. Burials in woollen. Testified by J. 
Gibson, minister, before the Hon. Thomas Yarburgh, Esq., J.P. 

Kippax and Meltham bills of burials in woollen as by Act of 
Parliament. 1689. 

Bbkad. — Robert Wells of Thome, 1670, charged under the 
Assize of Bread. 



74 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Coining. — The neighbourhood of Halifax was formerly noto- 
rious for coiners. In 1685 a number of Ovenden men were 
indicted at Wakefield for clipping money. Justices Horton and 
Townely took evidence at Brighouse, July 2nd, 1691, respecting 
Halifax coiners. A petition was presented at Wakefield, Octo- 
ber, 1688, asking that 6ome remedy might be provided to enforce 
persons to receive money in trading which may be cracked, if 
it be ourrent coin. The noble was a common coin at that time, 
and we find articles mentioned as " worth a noble of gould." 

Quakrels. — Great quarrel between Mr. ffranois Leigh of 
Midleton and Robert Baynes of Naustrope ; both bound to good 
behaviour for twelve months. Wakefield, October, 1687. 

Mr. John Dodsworth de Haddockstones in Markinton, gent., 
bound to answer charges brought against him by his son Mr. 
Thomas Dodsworth of Morkar who is afraid that his father will 
burn his barns, Ac, and complains that his father breaks his 
windows and doores, and causes his servants to depart out of 
his service. Enaresborough, October, 1677. 

Rt. Hon. Arthur Lord Viscount Erwin bound in £600, and 
obtained for bondsmen Arthur Ingram of Thorpe, gent., and 
William Nevill of Holbeck, gent., in £250 each ; Lord Erwin to 
appear for striking Sir William Lowther, J.P., in open court 
without any provocation. Leeds, July, 1693. 

Berzilla Habergham of Clay House, for setting a pair of tup 
horns vpon Jos Smithson's House at Ealand, indicted. Wake- 
field, Oct., 1690. 

Mrs. Catherine Palmes, a Roman Catholiok, now living at the 
house of Mr. Thomas Waterton of Walton in ye westrideing, 
hath by undue means and practices got into her custody Ann 
ffranees Stringer (an infant), daughter of William and Christa* 
bella Stringer, gentleman and gentlewoman, protestants, and 
detains her from her mother ; ordered that she be given up. 
Sr John Powell, Justice of Assize. Wakefield, Oct., 1690. 

Allan Cockin of Barnby upon Dunn, beinge clarke to Roger 
Portington, Esq., J.P., came to Pontefract Seas, with some 
recognizances and about other business, and lodged at the 
house of John Bracebridge in Pontefract, and beinge gone to 
bed a minister of great Stature unknown to this informant 
came into this informants lodginge roome and finding him in 
bed fell upon him violently and caught him by the throat and 
offered to throttle him, whereupon this informant struglinge 
got out of bed from the said minister, who pursued this infor- 
mant, threw him upon another bed, and was lifting up his hands 
to strike when one Mr. Gaythorne of Pollington in the other 
bed got hold of the said minister's hands and persuaded him to 
forbeare this informant, before which time the said minister had 
alsoe seized this informants breeches and about ten shillings in 
money therein, besides other things in his pockets, and refuses 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 75 

to deliver them, but took up this informants bedd, and still this 
informant alsoe wants his hatt, stockings, boots and other 
things in the said roome. This is endorsed " Against -Henry 
Crabtree of Stansfeld Hall." (169-) ? Author of "Almanack." 

Robbkbibs. — Highway robbery between Laughton in le Morth- 
ing and Firbeck by two men on horseback armed with swords, 
pistols and carbines like soldiers, each of them having on a 
breast belt and white coats, having their faces disguised, who 
took from Thomas Bate of Aughton six pounds. Petitions for 
the loss to be repaired. The Earl of Holderness and others 
testify to the good character of Bate. Pontefract, April, 1690. 
Sometimes these petitions were rejected on the ground that it 
was only a pretence of being robbed on purpose to obtain an 
estreat on the wapontake, each being responsible for robberies 
within its boundaries if the person robbed raised hue and cry. 

£21 estreated on Agbrigg and Morley for Edward Kenyon, 
who had been robbed. Wakefield, Oct., 1694. 

Bobbery committed upon Yallerius German icus Hailes, ser- 
vant to Mr. Burrows, being moneys of Sir Richard Lloyd, 1675. 
The amount, £327, estreated on Strafforth and Tickhill. 

James Maylins, Apothecary, Botherham, robbed at Maltby 
Wood. £280 estreated on Strafford and Tickhill, 1676. 

Henry Sykes and Joseph Millner apprehended at Earlsheaton, 
and afterwards suffered death for horse stealing and as high- 
waymen. Leeds, July, 1687. 

Constables. — Petition from Carus Philipson, vicar, and eight 
others of Almondbury for a Constable, as the late one died a 
week before this application, and the Lady of the Manor refuses 
to call a court as her steward resides at a great distance and 
the weather is unreasonable. Jan. 1689. George Sykes, senr., 
appointed by the Justices. 

Mr. Jarvis Cornewell, Cheefe Constable, and six others from 
Swinfleet and district, summoned for jurors, excused the fine for 
lateness by reason of ye great watr. Doncaster, Jan. 1681. 

Thomas Pease of Ossett, Constable, indicted (1) for refuseing 
to sett much and trrw/, (2) not keeping a cucking stool, (8) not 
repairing the butts. Wakefield, Oct., 1690. 

Constables were sometimes indicted for neglect of duty. They 
had frequently disagreeable tasks to perform. 1671 — Each 
Constable received orders from the respective Chief Constables 
as required at the Sessions, to search for guns, bows, nets, 
greyhounds, &c. ; to enquire if any artificer, harvestmen, or 
servant had more wages than the statute allowed. In 1688 they 
had to search for conventicles and take two persons with them 
as witnesses. " The Constable of Hipp'holme cm Brighouse 
answer to the Want from the Cheefe Constable to the said 
Constable directed, April 16th, 1688— 

Noe Papist recusant found upon last search. 



76 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Noe popish priest within our Constably. 

Nor Jesuits. 

Noe absenters from divine service nor any vnlawfull assem- 
ble. John Kershawe, Const.*' 1688 — Constables to search 
for all rogues, beggars, petty chapmen especially those of the 
kingdom of Scotland. 

Petition of Ester Bramhall reciting That Nicholas Bramhall 
yor peticoners husband was made Constable of Huddersfield 
for this psent yeare and yor poore petitioner being a poore 
widdow hath noe sonne to suply the office her sonnes being 
little boyes, and the townesmen doe charge yor poore petitioner 
to provide a man to pforme the office for the residue of this 
yeare begs that another may be elected. Pontefract, April, 1681. 

Privileged Places— Otley. — The freeholders, &c, of Otley 
are not to be summoned to be jurymen &c, at Sessions, being 
under his Grace the Archbp of Yorks liberty. 1679. 

Howley. — Abraham Harrison of Howley Hall (one of the 
servts of James Lord Viscount Savile, Earl of Sussex) being 
appointed Collector of the psent three months Assessmts of the 
Boyall Ayde for Morley, Howley Hall, however, being a privi- 
ledged place and that noe psons liveing at Howley Hall ought 
to serve any office within the constableiy of Morley, the warrant 
was suppressed and Robert Morley of Morley appointed under 
the hands and seals of Sr John Armytage, Sir John Kaye and 
ffrancis Whyte, Esq., 1665. Ordered also that he be freed from 
keeping any town apprentice. 

Kirk Burton. — Petition reciting that temps Elizabeth there 
was a ffivepenny rate in the Book of Rates for £. Burton towards 
Agbrigg and Morley, and at Quarter Sessions held at Leeds, 
Oct. 5, 24 Chas. I., to remain soe according to a survey called 
Barnards Survey, since which time by some mistake or other 
(ffor there was noe order for an alteration) the rate is 7jd. to 
the great grievance and overcharge of the poor. — Leeds, July, 
1691. 

Bothwell. — Petition stating that about 100 years since it 
was decided to divide that large Constablery into three parts — 
Bothwell and Boodes, Owlton and Wodleford, Lofthouse and 
Carleton ; now improperly rated. — 1675. 

Heptonstall. — Petition for a proper assessment. Pontefract, 
1680. 

Cawthobne.— Petition of Mr. Christopher Walbank, curate 
for seventeen years past, to be freed from poor rate and an 
apprentice. Pontefract, April, 1680. 

New Mellkb Dam. — Francis Nevyle, Esq., having two water 
corn milne8 att New Miller Dam in Sandall rated at £100 a 
year, states that they do not make more than £40 a year. 1678. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 77 

Laweton. — This Constablery being very large and vast, they 
petition for three constables, or the Constablery to be divided 
into three. 1676. J.H.T. 

Woolcombkrb Fifty Years A oo. — Perhaps some remi- 
niscences from the life of a woolcomber fifty years ago might 
not be ont of place at the present time, for the reason that the 
people of to-day have scarcely any impressions brought before 
them of the habits of life and the thought of that time. The 
woolcomber stands out in bold relief, a kind of rough sculptured 
work, when compared with the machine-hand of the present 
day, and therefore he ought not to be lost sight of when looking 
over the varied phases of manufacturing life. The combers 
were mostly drawn from the agricultural districts, attracted by 
the promise of high wages, and the chance of being put into an 
independent position. These promises were sounded far and 
wide, so that in a brief space of time men were brought to 
Bradford from great distances. They came from Kendal, North 
Yorkshire, Leicester, Devonshire, and even from the Emerald 
Isle, so that to spend an hour in a public-house (soon after the 
passing of the Act to be drunk on the premises,) you might, when 
they had footings in, havo heard all sorts of dialects and 
jargon, and when disputes arose as to who was the best work- 
man, there would be volleyed forth regular hurricanes of oral 
disputations. There might have been seen in front of any 
public-house constantly piled up large numbers of combers 
"fadges," as the employers of that time were not afraid to trust 
the strangers with combs and charcoal, oil, soap, and various 
other sorts of material, to take home at their own risk, and 
scarcely any of them but what returned the "dozen " of wool. 
Now, the woolcomber, as a rule, brought his country habits 
with him. His attachment to rural affairs may be borne out by 
the fact, that in hay-time and harvest he used to lay aside his 
woolcombs, and take up the scythe and sickle, and go down into 
the low country a-harvesting. He was also very fond of trying 
his strength at all kinds of athletic sports. He was, as a rule, 
a bird fancier, and made his comb-shop into a regular aviary. 
Two combers having a short " confab" about birds, one said to 
the other, "Jem, I naw wat ad happen if awther on us belonged 
to EsholtHall." "Wha, wat?" rejoined Jack. "Wha, we 
sud spend t' main of our time e' catching larlcs! " Some of the 
combers had a great talent for elocution, and could recite with 
wonderful power, and with such models before them as the 
elder Eean, Young and Holloway (?) they had opportunities of 
witnessing histrionic displays such as people of the present 
time have no conception of. There was also great taste dis- 
played by some of the combers in the walks of art ; and, if not 
original in their work, some of them were marvellous in their 
efforts at copying pictures in oil colours, and, as they were 



78 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

under no surveillance, therefore, when under inspiration, down 
went the combs and up went the palette, although at the risk 
of being "pent" at " carrying-day.' ' He made up his lost 
time by " waking " or lighting up, so as to " 'liver in " on a 
certain day. In politics the comber was somewhat of a Demo- 
crat, and if he had been in the ascendant in these days of 
strikes and combination, he would have been a formidable foe 
to the lock-out system. He has left his work in that line on 
record. It eame in with Tester and culminated with George 
White, who sold their cause, like Esau's birthright, for a mere 
" mess of pottage." Bradford Operative. 

<>■■■ 

Letter to Sib Wm, Calverley. — The following letter from 
Sir Harry Wentworth, of Nettlested, county Suffolk, (ancestor 
of the Barons Wentworth), addressed in 1497 to Sir William 
Galverley, of Galverley, in Yorkshire, from whom descended the 
extinct baronets of that name, is perhaps of sufficient local 
interest to merit a corner in your " Notes and Queries" column. 
The original letter, whioh is in the British Museum, is written 
on a slip of paper measuring eleven inches by four inches, and 
is signed by Sir Harry Wentworth : 

44 Right wourshipfulle cousin, I recommend me unto you. 
And where* it fortuned me in my retourne home from West- 
chestre, to meit my lord Darby, my lord Strange, and other at 
Whalley abbey, by whome I had the sight of such letters as 
were directed unto theme from the kinges grace; apper- 
ceyuing by the same that Perkin Warbeke is londed in the west 
parties, of Cornwelle, wherfore I wolle pray you, and allso in 
the kinges name aduertise you, to be in aredynesf in your owin 
persone, with suche company as you make to serue his high- 
ness, vpon an our{ warnyng, when his grace shalle calle vpone 
you. For the which I doubte not but his highnes shalle geve 
you thankes aocordinge. As our lord knoith, who preserne 
you ! Written in the kinges castelle of Rnaresburght, the xvij 
dey of Septembre. 

" your [frend] and cosyne, syr 

"Harry Wentworth. 

" Addressed 

44 To his wourshipfulle cosin syr William 
Galuerley, knight, in haste." 

* Whereas. + readiness. ; hour's. 

8. Batneb. 



References to Abdsley, near Wakefield. — In Domesday 
Book, (1086) as 4( Erdeslau." In Nomina Villarum, (1284) as 
" Herdeslai." In Kirkby's Inquest, (1284) as 4< Ardeslawe." In 
Burton's u Monasticon" Woodkirk alias Woodohuroh, or West 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 79 

Ardsley. In Whitakers " Loidi* and Efmete" as regards its Mo- 
nastic origin and genealogical particulars of the Clergy and 
lay-patrons. In Scatchtrd't " History of A.orky" under the head 
of " Wood-church," and "Ardsley." The account of East 
Ardsley is in several points incorrect and unsatisfactory. For 
instance he states that the " old Hall at one extremity of the 
Tillage," known as the residence of the Shaw family in the 17th 
and 18th centuries, "was the Manor House." This is not correct, 
the " Manor House " is an old thatched cottage about the mid- 
dle of the village, just off the Wakefield and Bradford Road 
and belongs to W. G. J. Dealtry, Esq., of Thorpe-on-the-Hffl. 
Again, the rudely carved figure over the doorway of the " Shaw" 
Hall is a talbot (hunting-dog) not " a griffin or dragon," the 
former being the crest of the Shaws. He is wrong, too, in as- 
serting that a CopUy built the Hall in 1622, which date appears 
on a gable pinnacle. It is far more likely that a " Robert " 
Shaw erected the mansion, whose Christian name "Robart," 
remains cut on the porch jamb, but the surname has been worn 
away. The motto "In Domine confido, 1632" not 1652, is 
•till visible. There are other points which exhibit the careless- 
ness of Scatcherd in gathering information. The estate came 
to the Copleys of Nether Hall, Doncaster, by the intermarriage 
of a Robert Copley, in 1707, with Ellinor Shaw, the daughter 
and last heiress of Robert Shaw, merchant, and therefore not 
through the Saviles, as presumed by Scatcherd. 

It is not quite true that " the Register goes no further back 
than 1662, " marriages and burials of East Ardsley commence 
in 1654, and the baptisms in 1662; West Ardsley in 1652. 

"Banks' Walks about Wakefield," (1871) contains an account 
of East and West Ardsley, which though somewhat brief, is far 
truer, and more reliable, because for genealogical and ecclesi- 
astical matters, free use has been made of the Registers, and 
Heraldic Visitations, and Legal documents, <&c, which are the 
true foundations of biographical history. 

" Parson's History of Leeds," Vol. 2, page 11 , chiefly dilates on 
the connection with Ardsley, of John Field, the " early astrono- 
mer," and James Naylor, the "religious imposter." 

"Taylor's Churches of Leeds," contains a compiled account 
of the church affairs, parochial charities, and the more modern 
perpetual curates. 

"Ardsley in the Olden Times," a series of articles which ap- 
peared in the East Ardsley Parish Magazine, from April, 1880, 
to 1864, by John Batty, containing archaeological matters ; 
a sketch of the Incumbents from the "Restoration," and 
references to Parish Officials, culled from the Church Registers, 
and from 17th and 18th century Gravestones, &c. 
• "The Study of East Ardsley Town's Book, 1652 to 1696." 
Two papers read in April, 1882, by Mr. John Batty, before the 



80 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society, pretty folly re- 
ported in the " Bradford Chronicle and Mail." These papers 
chiefly dealt with the carious items referring to social manners, 
customs, and punishments. 

" Lawton's Collections," (1842), for account of East and West 
Ardsley Churches. 

" The Lay Subsidy Boll, (Bic. II.) 1879. Names of the Laity. 

" The Subsidy Boll of Hen. VIH., 1522. Names of the 
people of substance. 

44 The Manor Court Bolls of Wakefield, take in " West Ardis- 
lawe," but not East. The whereabouts of those including the 
latter, are not at present known; probably with those of 
Bradford, as the freeholders of East Ardsley had to attend 
44 Sheriff's Turn," and " Court Leet," at one time held at Ad- I 
walton, and latterly at Bradford. I understand that the ancient ' 
Manor Court Bolls of Bradford are deposited in the Becord 
Office, London. • 

44 The Hearth Tax Bolls " in the Public Becord Office, those 
for 1666 and 1671-2, were published in the 4< Wakefield Herald." 

44 The Poll Books," 1741 and 1807, for names of Freeholders, 
their residences, and possessions. 

I must not omit to say that the "Rectory Manor Court Bolls 
of Wakefield," contain allusions to the living of East Ardsley, 
for the reason that in 1660, it was endowed with certain copy 
hold lands in Wakefield, and elsewhere, and at the decease of 
an incumbent, the succeeding incumbent had to appear at 
Court Baron to make surrender, to do fealty, and pay relief to 
the Lord of Manor, in order to be admitted tenant. 

44 Lewis's Topographical Dictionary, 1845." Church Statis- 
tics, &c, population, charities, &c. 

The 44 Liber Begis," Henry VIH. Trades, charities, early 
valuation of benefice, Patrons, Dedication, name. 

"Dugdale's Visitations," 1666; Glover's do., 1584-5; and 
1612, St. George, give genealogical particulars of some leading 
families. There is an allusion to " West Ardislawe," in the 
Calendar of Charters and Bolls, in the Bodleian Library, Ox- 
ford, 1878. 

44 The West Ardsley Town's Book," contains a close list of 
Churchwardens, Overseers, and Constables' names, from 1653 
to 1802, and different Parish receipts,, and disbursements, from 
1752 to 1800. 

44 The East Ardsley Town's Book" also contains lists of 
officials ; members of the " Trained Bands!"; those who received 
44 Parish Apprentices," 1727 to 1818. 44 Workhouse" Accounts, 
and Church Memoranda to 1848. 4( Valuation of the land and 
housing in East Ardsley," 1774. 

In the " Calendar of State Papers," 1656, is a reference to . 
Woodkirh Fair in 1656, (Domestic Series), containing a petition 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 81 

of the inhabitants wishing for its abolition, because of the rab- 
ble and tumults caused by it. 

In the " Church Begisters " are instances of Commonwealth 
marriages before Justices. Those of tVoodkirk, from 1652, con- 
tain the family names of Pickering, Marshall, Coppindale, 
Thomlinson, Ac; those of East Ardsley, Graunt, Sunderland, 
Greenwood, Elmsall a branch of the "ThornhilT' Elmsalls, 
Smith or Smyth, of Heath, Shaw, Deighton, Hodgson, Nettle- 
ton, Casson, Bay, of Howley. The marriage of Clifton 
Wintringham, eminent Physician, with Elizabeth Nettleton, 
also of Ann Oglethorpe, with a John Plantagnett, (alluded to 
in the Wentworth Papers, and in Heywood's Diaries). 

" West and East Ardsley Inclosure, 1829," (Leeds Mercury.) 
The compiler of this account has a copy of the " Terriers " of 
Glebe lands, for East and West Ardsley, for 1684, and abstracts 
from those of 1781, 1809-17-25 ; also " copy of a petition of 
Freeholders, of East Ardsley, 1721," for an augmentation of 
the living, by an enclosure from the common of about 80 acres. 

"Hunter's notes on John Field," the '* proto-copernioian of 
England," who was buried at East Ardsley, 1586. The Editor 
of the Yorkshire Notes and Queries has several notes on the 
same family. 

The field-names of East Ardsley, are noticed in Robert's 
"Lofthouse," Vol. I, (1882), pages 6-11. 

" Ardsley as a place name/' by John Batty, "Yorkshire 
Weekly Post," July 8th, 1884. The different modes of spelling 
the name from 1086 to 1664. 

"The Old Hall, at East Ardsley," by John Batty, "Yorkshire 
Post," Feb. 3rd, 1888, giving an archaeological description of it, 
and some particulars of its former possessors. 

The " Building News," of March 80th, 1888, published an 
architectural sketch with details of ornamentations of East 
Ardsley Old Hall, the drawings being executed bjf Mr. W. A. 
Richardson, architect, of Bothwell. 

Photos of the old and curious Church, pulled down in 1880, 
may be commonly seen in the houses of the parishioners. Also 
a photo of the Norman Doorway, restored and nicely inserted 
in the present Church porch, is in the possession of the com- 
piler of this account. 

The " Wakefield Free Press/' Feby. 20th, 1886, contains an 
article entitled " The Curiosities of a School Board Census," 
which furnishes useful social statistics of East Ardsley. — The 
favourite and peculiar Christian child-names, prevailing sur- 
names, and general remarks about the present condition and 
future development of the place. In the same paper, July 24th, 
1886.—" Annals of the Poor," founded on a large number of 
certificates relating to the poor of East Ardsley from 1705 to 
1826, in which are given a brief sketch of some of the Justices 

T.K.Q. P 



82 Y0BK8HIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of the Peace, a list of local Colliery Owners, Farmers, Crafts- 
men, &c. Both articles were written by Mr. John Batty. 

Ebkata : — " Ardsley, near Wakefield," " Notes and Queries " 
section ; 
On page 78, instead of " Nomitta," read " Nomina.*' 

„ 79, 11th line, omit " W," and read " C. J.Dealtry,Esq." 
„ „ 19th „ instead of " Domini," read " Domino/' 
„ „ 48rd „ fill up hiatus with " June." 
„ 80, 11th ,, omit " those including/ 1 and read " the 
whereabouts of the latter." 

East Ardsley. John Batty, f.b.hist.s. 



%ivklttx ilnnturg. 

By S. J. Chadwick. 

They toke togyder theyr counsell 

Bobyn Hode for to sle, 
And how they myght best do that dede, 

His banis for to be. 

Than bespake good Bobyn, 

In place where as he stode, 
To morow I muste to Eyrkesley 

Crafteley to be leten blode. 

Syr Boger of Donkestere, 
[And the pryoresse of Kyrkesley,] 

There they betrayed good Bobyn Hode, 
Through theyr false playe. 

A Lytell Geste of Bobyn Hode. 

Very few of the many persons who call at the ancient hostelry 
of the " Three Nuns " at Nunbrook, ever stop to consider what 
was the origin of the sign which looks down upon them from 
the front of the Inn, nor do they trouble to think about the old 
associations of the immediate neighbourhood. Most of them no 
doubt believe that Bobin Hood lies buried in the adjoining park 
of Eirklees, and some may have heard that he was bled to 
death by a Nun, but very few persons indeed know that for 
three centuries and a half there flourished in the immediate 
neighbourhood a Nunnery or Priory of Cistercian Nuns or 
" White Ladies " who were large landed proprietors and em* 
ployers of labour in Mirfield, Hartshead, and other parts of the 
country, and above all were proprietors of the living or rectory 
of Mirfield, received the great tithes and the best part of the 
income, and forced the parishioners to be content with a Vicar 
whose poor stipend oonsisted of small tithes, Easter dues, and 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 88 

sundry small pickings and formed at best but a starvation and 
not a living. The Church of Mirfield was appropriated in the 
year 1403 to the Priory of Kirklees, and constituted the best 
part of its endowment until its dissolution in the year 1589. 
As therefore there was such a close and intimate connection 
between the Priory of Kirklees and the parish of Mirfield for so 
many years, a connection which has unfortunately left its mark 
to the present time inasmuch as the great tithes and other: 
possessions of the rectory are still in lay-hands and were not 
restored to the church at the dissolution of the Priory, it is 
thought that some account of the Priory and its possessions 
may be found interesting by the readers of this Magazine.* 

Kirklees Nunnery was founded (so Dr. Whitaker says) in the 
reign of Henry II, by Beyner le Fleming, who was a landed 
proprietor in South Yorkshire, and siso in Hartshead and 
Clifton, of which latter place he was Lord of the Manor. The 
foundation Charter is pretty well known. It is given in Dug- 
dale's Monasticon, vol. 5, page 739, and extracts from it have 
often been published. By this Charter the founder grants to 
God and St. Mary, and the holy women of Kuthales the place 
in which they dwell, i.e. Kuthelagam and Hednesleya as the 
water of the Kelder goes to the old mill and so by the road 

which leads to the old mill to the rivulet of the rocky + 

and so to Blackelana, and from Blackelana to Wages tan, and 
from Wagestan by the boundary of Liversege, Herteshevet, and 
Mirfield, the whole within the boundaries named in lands, 
waters, pastures, meadows, woods, and plains. J And besides 
these, 12 acres of land to be held of the grantor and ljis heirs 
for the souls of his father and his ancestors for his safety and 
that of his friends. 

This Charter is without date and is confirmed by a Charter 
of William Earl Warren, which is also without date ; there is 
therefore some doubt as to the period of the foundation of the 
Nunnery. Dr. Whitaker fixes it in the reign of Henry II, (1154 
to 1189) but how he arrives at this conclusion, does not appear. § 
There were no less than five Earls of Surrey and Warren bearing 

* Mirfield Parish Magazine. 

t Word here illegible, but in Dodsworth's Yorkshire Notes this stream is 
called the river Petros&lanus. Query, is it the stream now called Nunbrook, 
or perhaps the river Colne. 

\ Note. — If we assume that Blackelana is Bleak Low Lane (a name still 
appearing in the Ordnance Map of the district), and that Wagestan (the stone 
by the way) is the old Saxon Cross known as Walton Cross, the stump of 
which is still to be seen by the road side not far from Hartshead Church, it 
is very easy to identify at the present time the boundaries here given. The 
arernnference ot the property appears on the Ordnance Map at a rough guess 
to be seven or eight miles, but a great portion of the land was waste. 

% It is quite certain however that other Abbeys and Convents of this Order 
were founded at this early date and even so early as the reign of King Stephen . 



84 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the Christian name of William, and therefore the above con- 
firmation gives very little clue to the date, as the first William 
came over with the Conqueror, and the last died in 1240. 
Another authority fixes the foundation of the Nunnery in the 
year 1155, and Mr. Ismay, a former Vicar of Mirfield and a 
zealous Antiquarian gives the date as 1286, but does not give 
his authority. He was probably thinking of the date of the 
Confirmation Charter of Henry III. which is 1286. Some per- 
sons say that the Nunnery was a Benedictine one, but 'there 
seems to be no doubt that it was Cistertian, * which was a 
reformed order of the Benedictines and so called from Citeaux 
or Cisteaux in the Bishopric of Chalons in Burgundy, where 
this reform was first begun, about the year 1098. 

John Stevens in his History of Ancient Abbeys, &c, gives in 
vol. 2, pages 80-1, an account of the origin of Cistertian Nuns 
with a full page illustration of a Nun in the garb of the Order. 
He says, " The habit of the Cistertian Nuns is a white tunick 
"or robe, a black scapular and girdle. In the choir most of 
"them wear coules, others only mantles and the lay sisters 
"have their habits of a dark colour. The novices are clad in 
" white. Their observances were very austere. The first Nuns 
"wore neither linen nor linings, they were employed not only 
"in sewing and spinning, but they went into the woods to grub 
" up the briers and thorns, they worked continually, they ob- 
served much silence. There has been a great number of 
" Saints and Holy Women of this Order, which number would 
"be still much greater if we would allow of all those to whom 
"their historians assign it but they must retrench some of 
"them." 

These Holy Women may well be said to have lived "In the 
odour of Sanctity " which expression possibly originated from 
the above mentioned practices of the first Saints of this Order. 
The Cistertian Order was founded by St. Robert who at 15 years 
of age was a member of the Benedictine Abbey of Montier la 
Celle, afterwards prior thereof, and subsequently Abbot of St. 
Miohael de Tonnerre, where he endeavoured to establish good 
discipline but without success, the Monks thwarting him in his 
good intentions. There is a curious account of Robert leaving 
the Abbey and living with certain monks in the forest of 
Molesme on roots, herbs, &c, and almost naked. Afterwards 
with others altogether 21 in number, he settled at Cisteaux, on 
the 21st March, 1098, being St. Benedict's day. 

In the 26th year of the reign of Henry VIII an act of Parlia- 
ment was passed granting to the Crown the first fruits of all 
Bishopries, Monasteries, &c, and directing the Chancellor to 

• It is styled Cistertian in the Pope's Boll for the appropriation of Mirfield 
Rectory to Kirklees. See Whitaker's History of Leeds, page 864. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 85 

appoint Commissioners in each diocese to enquire into their 
yearly value, Ac. From the returns of these Commissioners we 
obtain the following particulars of Cistertian Monks and Nuns 
in "Yorkshire. 

Cistertian Monks. 

Byland 

Fountains 

Joreval (Jervaulx) 

Eirkstall 

Melsa (Meaux near Hull) 

River (Bivaulx) 

Roche 

Sallay 

Cistertian Nuns. 

Nun Appleton (Parish of Bolton Percy) 78 

Basedale (near Stokesley) 

Elreton (in Swaledale) ... 

Esseholt (near Apperley Bridge) 

Hampole (near Doncaster) 

Eeldon (Eirby Moorside)... 

Eirklegbes 

Sinningthwait (Bilton near Wetherby) 60 

Swinhey (Swine near Meaux) 

Wyckham (near Scarbro') 

It may be mentioned that the richest Abbey in Yorkshire was 
that of St. Mary in York, for Benedictine Monks, the annual 
value of which is given as £1650 7s. Of d. 

The Priory of Eirklees is stated to have been dedicated to the 
honour of the Virgin Mary and St. James. The first Prioress 
was Elizabeth de Staynton. Her tomb and the tombs of two 
nuns said to be her sisters who entered with her at the founda- 
tion, were discovered in the year 1706. The inscription on the 
tomb of the Prioress was in Norman French but is now quite 
illegible, the English of it being — " Sweet Jesus of Nazareth, 
Son of God, have mercy on Elizabeth Stain ton, Prioress of this 
house ! " The list of Prioresses is very imperfect. The follow- 
ing names are principally taken from Dugdale's Monasticon, 
vol. 5, pages 788-9, Elizabeth de Staynton, 18th century ; Mar- 
garet de Clay worth, confirmed 4th Eal Oct., 1806 ; Alicia de 
Screvyn, 4th Id : Jany., 1807 ; * Cecilia Hill, (Mr. Ismay gives 
the name Hiks,) upon whose death Joanna Stansfeld was elected 
in 1491. On her death was elected Margaret Tarlton who was 

* Mr. Ismay here gives the name of Margaret Seyvill, daughter of Sir John 
Seyrifl. 



Annual Value. 




£ 


8. 


d. 


•• 


288 


9 


4 


.. 


998 


6 


8* 




284 


18 


5 


,. 


829 


2 


11 


.. 


299 


6 


4* 


.. 


278 10 


2 


,. 


224 


2 


5 


.. 


147 


8 


10 


Annual Value. 




£ 


8. 


d. 


rcj 


78 


9 


10 


... 


20 


1 


4 


••• 


16 


10 


6 


••• 


18 


5 


4 


... 


68 


5 


8 


••• 


29 


6 


1 


... 


19 


8 


2 


rbj 


60 


9 


2 


••• 


82 


8 


9± 


... 


25 


17 


6 



86 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

confirmed as Prioress, 24th April, 1499 ; Margaret Fletcher, 
confirmed 10th March, 1605; Cecilia Topcliffe, who is said bj 
Dugdale to have been the last Prioress, was confirmed 9th July, 
1527. Dame Joan Keps or Kepax or Eepast (for her name has 
been spelt in these three forms) appears however to have been 
the last Prioress, and to have surrendered the house 24th Nov., 
1589, (81. Hen. VIII.) a year earlier than is stated by Mr. J. 
B. Greenwood in his History of Dewsbury. This lady is said 
to have retired after the surrender of the house in company 
with four nuns to a house which is still standing (divided into 
cottages, and by some called Paper or Papist Hall) at a place 
called Chapel Well, at the top of Shilbank Lane in Mirfield. . 

Torr mentions an old MS. which is said to have been written 
by a * Monk, (probably of Kirklees) and which is to be seen in 
the Library of the Dean and Chapter at York, which says that 
this old Saxon Church (of Mirfield) stood in a field called 
Chapel Hill which gave rise to the old saying — " When Chapel 
stood at Chapel Wells." A portion of the building called 
Paper Hall, was rebuilt more than a century back judging 
from the style of Architecture. The other part appears much 
older, and this building was evidently intended for some 
religious purpose. The floor is flagged and laid in diamond 
shape ; the broad oaken stairs with heavy moulded pillars, re- 
semble the rails round the Communion Tables in some of our 
old Churches. The ceiling in the room above is curiously 
moulded with figures of Angels, and around it was formerly an 
inscription in Lombardic characters ; all which together gave it 
an ecclesiastical appearance. Whether this is a remnant of the 
old Chapel, or the place where the last Prioress and the four 
Nuns took up their residence upon the suppression of the Con- 
vent at Kirklees in 1540, or whether it was used for both 
purposes cannot well be known at present. 

Dame Joan Kepast was buried at Mirfield Church, 5th Feb., 
1561-2, and her burial is entered in the parish Register. The 
following inscription may still be seen in the old tower of 
Mirfield Church, cut in stone and built into a window: — "Dame 
Joan Eepast, late Nun at Kirklees, was buried February 5th, 
D.A. 1562." This inscription, which appears to be compara- 
tively modern, was formerly in the chancel, behind or under 
the altar in the old church, and was placed in its present 
position for safety. Mr. Ismay says that it was formerly under 
the north gallery. 

After the suppression of the Nunnery, the Prioress had an 
annual pension of £2, and each of the Nuns had £1 18s. 4d. 
per annum, as appears from the following extract from Browne 
Willis's History of Mitred rliamentary Abbies, vol. ii, page 

* Perhaps Chantry Priest. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 87 

878:— "Xirkley, Johanna Kepax, late Prioress, surrendered 
4Mb Convent, 4th November, 1540, (? 1589,) and had a pension 
of £2 per annum assigned her, which she enjoyed anno 1558, 
in which year there remained in charge £2 18s. Od. in annuities 
(? to the chantry priest) and these following pensions, viz : — to 
Isabella Hoptone, Agnes Brooke, Isabella Rooles, and Isabell 
SattershaU(?Tattershall) £1 18s. 4d. each." 

No seal of the Priory has been met with, and there is no 
register or cartulary so far as is known. The following however 
are extracts from charters which have been obtained from the 
Becord Office, and elsewhere :— 20 Henry III. (October, 1285, 
to October, 1286.) Confirmation* by the King to the Prioress 
and Convent of Kirklees of the place where they remain, that 
is Kerkley and Hedensley, (then follows a portion which is 
illegible). From the gift of Alan, son of Peter, three *oxgangs 
of land in Cullingworth with the appurtenances and common 
in Hereden for repairing their buildings, and for their fire and 
pasture, for their beasts of burden in Cullingworth, and for 
their pigs fed in that town food without tpannage. Of the gift 
of Robert, son of Gilbert de Bar k6 8 ton, a { toft in Barkeston 
which Henry Smith formerly held, and 80 acres of arable land, 
and one acre of meadow in the same town. From Henry Tyas 
one mark of annual rent in the mill of Hathweyte. From the 
son of John the son of Amandus, certain pieces of land in 
Shelfe, viz : — Wetecroft, Hallcroft, and Northcroft, and common 
of pasture belonging to the same town, for 400 sheep by the 
great hundred (i.e. 120) with as many lambs, and for 10 cows 
with as many calves, and for eight oxen and one horse. From 
Agnes de Flamevill a rent of 8s. from three-fourths of an ox- 
gang of land in Marton in Burgoshire. From Beimund de 
Medelay 4/8 rent from one oxgang of land which William de 
Barneburn held of the same Beimund. From Robert, son of 
Gilbert dinddiam eskeppam fmmenti. N.B. — We give these three 
words in the original Latin because we have been unable to find 
the word "eskeppam" in any dictionary or glossary. It 
appears to mean a " skep " or basket, and the words may then 
be translated half a basket of corn, but our readers will accept 
this translation or not, as they please. 

The next Charter is a very interesting one, being a grant by 
Sir John le Fleming (who died about the year 1849) of a 
"native " or female serf to the Prioress and Convent of Kirklees. 
The Charter is printed in the Journal oi the Yorkshire Arch»o- 
logical Society, vol. IV., page 164, and is without date. The 
following is an abstract of it. Enow, present and future persons, 

• An oxgang or borate of land, was as much aa one ox (or a pair) could 
plough in a season, 
t Pannage— The privilege of feeding swine in a wood, 
t Toft— The site of a house burnt down or destroyed. 



88 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

that I, Sir John le Fleming, have granted and quit-claimed for 
ever, to the Prioress of Kirkeleys and the Holy Nuns serving 
God there for the Soul of my father, and for the Souls of my 
Ancestors, and in consideration of three shillings and sixpence 
in silver, paid by them to me, Alice, the daughter of William 
Mounger of Clifton, and her heirs with all her following, and 
her chattels moveable or immoveable, present and future, 
without holding back so that neither I nor any of my heirs can 
require or sell any claim against the aforesaid Alice or her 
heirs, following, or chattels. The deed is witnessed by Henry, 
Son of Godwin de Clifton, Thomas de Grenegate, Adam his 
brother, John de Haveweldun, Thomas del Clif, William and 
Adam and others. Attached is an oval seal in white wax with 
a fleur de lys and the legend in old English type, Sir Johannes 
le Fiandrensis. The deed is endorsed Manumissio Natives, but 
this Appears to be a mistake, as the document is not a Manu- 
mission or grant of freedom, but a simple transfer of the native 
or serf to the Prioress and Nuns. The writer has now before 
him a copy of a Manumission whereby Robert de Lepton grants 
to Adam, son of Richard de Lepton that he may be free from 
all kind of servile condition with all his following (or progeny) 
begotten and to be begotten with all their possessions. Tins 
deed is witnessed by William de Bemond (Beaumont), John le 
Fleming de Dalton, Thomas, the Son of the Parson of Heton, 
Wm. de Roeley, Henry de Lepton and others, probably John le 
Fleming who witnessed this deed is the same person who gives 
the " native " to Eirklees. It should be borne in mind that at 
the time when these deeds are supposed to have been made (i.e. 
the beginning of the 14th Century) most of the labouring class 
of England were serfs or slaves who were sold and transferred 
from one Lord to another at will. Another class of persons 
who were not free were the villeins who were tied to the land 
and could not remove from one Manor to another without the 
Lord's consent. They held land under the Lord for which they 
performed certain services, and so long as these were performed 
they were safe in their holdings. For the condition of non free 
persons after the Conquest see Stubbs* Constitutional History 
of England, vol. I, page 485 et seq. The irritation caused by 
serfdom was one of the causes of the rebellion headed ly Wat 
Tyler, which, says Bishop Stubbs, struck a vital blow at 
Yillenage. See Constitutional History, vol. 2, page 503, also 
chapter 16 throughout. 

The next Charter relating to Eirklees is one dated 28rd 
January, 47 Edward III., (1874) being a Licence in Mortmain 
whereby after reciting that by Letters Patent Licence has been 
granted to the Prioress and Convent of Kirkeleghes to acquire 
lands, tenements, and rents to the value of £20 per annum 
except lands Ac, held of the Crown in Chief, Licence was 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 89 

granted to Thomas de Malhum, Chaplain, Richard Brand, 
Chaplain, and Richard de Galthorn, Chaplain, to grant to the 
said Prioress and Convent one messuage and 18 acres of land 
and the third part of a messuage in Hertesheued, and to the 
same Thomas and Thomas de Popelay, Chaplain, to grant to 
the said Prioress and Convent one messuage, 2 tofts, 88 acres 
of land, 2 acres of meadow, 8 acres of wood, and 0/1 of rent in 
Wykcrislay, and which messuages Ac. were worth 88/4 as 
appeared by the Inquisition of William de Ergum late *Esch©tor 
for the County of York. And the said Prioress and Convent 
were to hold the premises so granted, being in value f80 shillings 
per annum, in part satisfaction of the aforesaid £20. 

The laws relating to mortmain date back to the Magna Charta 
which enacts that " it shall not be lawful from henceforth to 
any to give his land to any religious house," and this prohibi- 
tion is now extended so as to prevent any alienation of lands to 
a " dead hand " with certain exceptions. Formerly a licence 
from the Crown was required before grants of land could be 
made into mortmain to a religious body or other corporation. 
For farther information on this subject and on the early history 
of the alienation of land, see Digby's History of the Law of 
Real Property, a work published at the Clarendon Press, Oxford. 

By a Licence in Mortmain dated 15th July, 49, Edward III., 
(1875), licence was granted to William de Mirfeld, Clerk, and 
Roger de Barneburgh, Clerk, to grant to the Prioress and Con- 
vent of Kirklees, the Manor of Westhagh (? in Kirkburton) one 
messuage, one oxgang, and ten acres of land, and half of five 
acres of meadow, and 17$d. of rent in Eesseburgh, Bergh, 
Heghome, Westbretton, Clayton, Derton, Wollay, and Birch- 
waye; and to Thomas de Malhom, Chaplain, and Richard 
Brand, Chaplain, to grant to the said Prioress and Convent four 
messuages, one oxgang, 72| acres of land (unam bovatam 
aexaginta et duodecim acras tre dimid :) and 6ix shillings and 
eightpence of rent in J Magna Lyuersegge, Robert Lyuersegge, 
and Parva Lyuersegge, and to Thomas de Metham, Knight, 
(Chinaler) to grant 100 shillings of rent in Halgton. And the 
premises comprised in this licence being in value £10 per 
annum were to be in part satisfaction of the £20 previously 
mentioned and in aid of the support of the Prioress and Convent 
for ever. John Sayvill is mentioned here as Esch&tor. The 
"William de Mirfield named in this Licence was a member of 
the family of that name, which springing from the parish of 
Mirfield afterwards settled in Batley and had considerable 
property there. Many of the family were buried at Batley 

# The Escluetor was the officer whose business it was to look after property 
forfeited to the Crown, hold inquisitions, do. 

t GO in the license. 

♦ Hightown, Boberttown, and Littletown. 



90 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Church where may still be seen a fine tomb with coats of arms 
of the Mirfield8 and other families, and the effigies of a knight 
in armour and his lady. 

An Inquisition was taken at York on Friday next before the 
Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul, 18th Richard n. (25th 
January, 1895), before Hugh de Arderne, Esohsator, and a jury 
who say that it is not to the prejudice of the King or others if 
he grant to John Mounteney, Knight, John Woderoue, John de 
Amyas, and William de Sandal, Chaplain, that they may grant 
to the Prioress and Convent of Kirklees, fifty acres of land in 
Mirfield and the advowson of the Church there for the purpose 
of finding a * Chaplain to celebrate divine service every day in 
the Conventual Church of Kyrkelees for the soul of Sir John de 
Burgh and for the souls of Ins ancestors, and of all the faithful 
departed ; and to the said Prioress and Convent to receive and 
hold the same premises. Item, the jury say that the aforesaid 
land and advowson are held of John, Duke of Aquitaine and 
Lancaster, as of his + honour of Pontefract by knight service, 
and the aforesaid Duke John holds the said honour of the King 
in chief (that is direct from the King without an intervening 
Lord) by knight service. That the aforesaid fifty acres are 
worth 12/6 per annum, and that the aforesaid church is worth 
18 I marks per annum. The jury then state that Sir John 
Mounteney, John Woderoue and John de Amyas hold divers 
lands and tenements in Shitelyngton, Wollay, and Shirclif in 
the county of York, of the aforesaid Duke by knight service, 
which are worth £40 per annum and are sufficient to answer 
all customs, services, and burdens, as well for themselves as for 
the said fifty acres. The jury further state that William de 
Sandal has no other lands or tenements in the county of York* 
The object of this Inquisition was, to ascertain whether the 
grant of land above mentioned would cause any detriment to 
the King by loss of rents, services, or otherwise. At the date 
of this inquiry it was almost impossible to alienate land without 
a licence from the Crown, whose object was to keep the land in 
large holdings liable to knight service. A knight's fee was 
estimated at about 640 acres in area, or about £20 per annum 
in value, and the obligation on the owner was to furnish at his 
own expense a full-armed horseman for military service for 40 
days in the year. Military tenures were abolished by the 
statute 12, Charles II, chapter 24. 

* The Chaplain was pensioned off at the dissolution of the Convent, but his 
name does not appear in the list of persons receiving pensions in 1568, given 
by Browne Willis in his history of Mitred Parliamentary Abbies, vol. ii. 

f An honour was a large district comprising several manors and was the 
qualifying holding of a baron or earl. Sometimes however suoh a holding 
was called a manor (e.g. the manor of Wakefield) and comprised several sub- 
manors held of the chief lord. 

J A mark of silver was 13/4 ; of gold £6 ; but marks of silver are here meant. 



YOBKSHIKF, NOTES AND QUERIES. 91 

Following on the above Inquisition comes a Licence in Mort- 
main, dated 20th April, 19 Richard II. (1896), for granting the 
above mentioned 50 acres of land in Mirfield, and the advowson 
of the church to the said Prioress and Convent. Then comes 
the grant dated at Mirfield on Sunday next after the Feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel, 1390, and this Grant is confirmed 
by a Licence dated at Pontefract Castle, 27th June, 1st Henry 
IV. (1400). A mutilated extract from the Bull of Pope Boniface 
appropriating the church of Mirfield to the Prioress and Convent 
of Kirklees, may be seen in Whitaker's History of Leeds, page 
864. 

On the 4th August, 1408, (4 Henry IV.) Richard Scroope, 
Archbishop of York, ordained a perpetual Vicarage in the said 
church, presentable by the said Prioress and Convent, who 
were to have all the tithes of * garbs and hay, and the entire 
tithe of fallen wood together with the whole mansion of the 
rectory. And the Vicar should have his Vicarage consist in 
oblations, profits, minute-tithes, in the f altarage and {personal 
tithes whatsoever, and in all singular other the obventions and 
profits belonging to the church excepting the tithes of garbs, 
hay, and fallen wood. Moreover the said Prioress and Convent 
should provide at their own cost6 for the first time, a mansion 
with competent buildings for the Vicar and his successors. 
And the said Prioress and Convent should bear all burdens, 
ordinary and extraordinary (** Synodals excepted), incumbent 
on the said Church. The Vicar only paying 6/8 to the §Dismes 
when granted to the King out of the spiritual goods of ecclesi- 
astical persons. 

The writer is not aware of any other documents relating to 
Kirklees until we come to those relating to the dissolution of 
the Priory, the first being a survey of the demesne lands and of 
the rectory of Mirfield, of which the following is a translation : 

Kirkleis late Priory of Nuns in the County of York. 

In the renewed rental of the lands and tenements belonging 
to the said late Priory, surrendered and dissolved on the 24th 
day of November, in the 81st year of the reign of the very much 
to be dreaded Lord King Henry VIII., amongst other things it 
is contained thus, as follows : — 

* Sheaves of corn. 

t Offerings made on the altar, and also small tithes, such as tithes of wool, 
lamb, colt, calf, pigs, chickens, butter, cheese, &o. 

{ Personal tithes are paid of such things as come of the labour and industsy 
of man. 

•• Synodals are tributes in money paid by the clergy to the Bishop or 
Archdeacon at the Easter Visitation. 

t Dismes or deeimoe are tithes, bat generally signify the tenths of spiritual 
brings, which were formerly paid to the Pope, and afterwards to the Crown. 



92 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Demesne lands: 
Site of the said late Priory with the dovecote, 
gardens, orchard, and other conveniences with- 
in the precincts of the same is worth per annum 
Item one windmill there is worth per annum 

Item Ralph Blackburn holds a house with a kitchen 

within the aforesaid site and pays per annum... 
Item one close of Pasture called Gastilfelde contain- 
ing by estimation 80 acres is worth per annum 
Item a close called the West Oxe Pasture containing 

by estimation 8 acres of Pasture is worth per an. 
Item a close called the East Oxe Pasture containing 

by estimation 12 acres of Pasture, per annum 
Item a close called the High Stubbinge containing by 

estimation 10 acres of Pasture is worth per arm. 
Item a close called Marebrigge Flatt containing by 

estimation 6 acres of Pasture is worth per ann. 
Item a close called fforbrigge Flatt containing by 

estimatio n 4 acres of arable land is worth per ann. 
Item a close called Lyon Roode containing 12 acres 

of arable land is worth per annum 

Item a close called Cowe fforde containing 6 acres 

of arable land is worth per annum 

Item a close called EUeytre fflatt containing 8 acres 

of Pasture is worth per annum ' 

Item a close called Marledoore containing 2 acres 

of Pasture is worth per annum 

Item a close called Stakford containing 14 acres of 

meadow is worth per annum 

Item a close called Stubbynge ynge containing 

7 acres of meadow is worth per annum 
Item a close called Swyne Pasture and another close 

called the Calfe Grofte containing 8 acres of 

meadow worth per annum 

Item a close called Brode Ynge containing 8 acres of 

meadow is worth per annum 

Item a close called Clifton fflatt containing 10 acres 

of Pasture is worth per annum 

Item a close called Cote fflatt containing 10 acres of 

arable land is worth per annum 

Item a close called Hukrode containing 27 acres of 

Pasture is worth per annum 

Item a close called Newe close containing 10 acres 

of arable land is worth per annum 

Item a close called Ffrewell containing 18 acres of 

arable land is worth per annum 



8. 


a. 


iij. 


iiij. 


nil. 




8. 




yj- 




8. 




X. 




8. 




▼iij. 




8. 




iiij. 




s. 


a. 


iij. 


iiij. 


8. 




iij. 




8. 




iiij. 




8. 




iiij. 




8. 




ij- 




s. 




' viij. 




8. 




ij- 




8. 


d. 


xviij. 


viij. 


8. 


d. 


yj- 


yj- 


8. 




V. 




8. 




iiij. 




8. 


a. 


iy. 


iiij. 


8. 




V. 




8. 


d. 






xiij. 


VI. 


8. 


d. 


yj- 


VUJ- 


8. 




yj- 





YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 98 

Item the herbage of a close there called Nunbanke 
containing 4 acres of pasture and has the 
underwood of Crofton three (? acres) worth per 8. 
annum ... ... ... ... ... ... ij. 

Item the herbage of a close of wood called Newe 
Wood containing 20 acres and the pasture of 
the same is worth per annum and has 400 oaks 8. 

of 100 years growth v. 

li. s. d. 

Total rents of the demesne lands yj. xiij. iiij. 

Beotoiy of Mirfield. 

Richard Lee and others hold all the glebe 
lands belonging to the aforesaid rectory paying s. d. 
therefor per annum xxvj. viij. 

Item there were in the hands of the said late prioress 
and convent the tithe of grain and hay there 
with the tithe barn and a close adjoining to the s. 
same barn which are worth per annum ... c. 

li. s. d. 

Total vj. yj. viij. 

JACOBO BIKY8BEBE, 
BYCHARD BYCHE, 

per me, HUGONEM FFULLEB, 

Audit: 

From Dugdale's Monasticon, vol. v., page 739, the writer has 
extracted the following, which gives the situation of the several 
properties of the Priory : — 

Account of the Ministers of the Lord King in the time of 
Henry VIII. 

(Abstract of Boll 84, Henry VIII, Augmentation Office,) 
County of York. 









£ a. 


d. 


Kirkleys, Site with demesne lands... 


... 


6 18 


4 


West Haye by West Burton, *Beditus et firm© 4. 6 


8 


Hudderfelde 


f 


99 


1 4 





Wekeleye , 


9 


»9 


2 6 


2 


Gullynworth 


9 


19 


17 


7 


Shelfe 


9 


99 


18 


4 


Leveyage [Liversedge.] , 


9 


99 


2 2 


2 


Hartishede , 


9 


99 


2 6 


6 


8cooles , 


9 


»» 


5 





Danbye Orange 


9 


99 


6 


8 


Darton 


>9 


99 


4. 





Hokynwyk [Heckmondwike.] 


n 


99 


8 


4 


Kexburgh , 


9 


99 


7 


6 



* Bent* and farms. Beditos means the rent payable by a tenant to his 
landlord. Firma is a fixed rent payable out of land. 



tt YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIEa 

Emley Reditus et firm® 8 

Saddle worth* „ ,,068 

Salkthwaite [Slakthwaite.] „ „ 18 4 

Lyttle Towne alias Leversage ,, ,,060 

Hokynwk 6 

He ton (Rent of land of the Abbott of Fonn tains) 2 4 
Mirfelde, Firma Rector : 6 6 8 



18 9 



The next document is the account of William Chamber, 
Collector of Bents, &c, belonging to the Priory. The account 
is for the year commencing Michaelmas 34, Henry Yin., and 
ending Michaalmas 85, Henry YIH. The demesne lands and 
site of the Priory are put down at £6 18s. 4d. for the year. 
(To he continued.) 



Saiitom jaoks.— (l.) 

An Account of ye Number of ye Pews and Seats in the 
Chappell of Bayldon and to whom they belong, 1728. 

ffrom ye Quire Door upon the South Side. 

1. — Edward Thompson, Esq.'s pew. 2. — Ditto. 8. — Ditto. 
4. — Thomas Brooks, two seats upper end, Jonathan Hudson, 
one seat, and Thomas Cockshot, one seat. 5. — Henry Slater, 
two seats. 6. — No name. 7. — Jonathan Hudson, a pew. 
8. — Samuel Walker, the whole. 9. — William Hudson, one seat. 
10. — John Butler, junior, ye whole. 11. — Edward Thompson, 
Esq. 12.— Ditto. 18. — No name. 14. — John Butler, junior, 
ye whole. 

ffrom ye west end on tlie south side adjoyrriny to Hie pillars : 

15. — Samuel Walker, one, Thomas Newby, one seat in ye 
same. 16. — Bo. Holden, six seats in ye said pew. 17. — Henry 
Slater, two seats. 18. — John Lobley, a pew. 19. — John Butler, 
junior, three seats. 20. — John Butler, for Bushford Farm, two 

seats, and John one seat. 21. — Joshua Wray, two seats 

for Mr. and two seats for William Boiling. 22. — Mr. 

Robert Holden, one pew. 28. — Sr. Wr. Hawksworth, one pew 
with a petition t in it. 

* The following is extracted from Whitaker's History of Whalley, 4th 
edition, vol. II., page 437, note 8: — There is in the possession of R. H. 
Beaumont, Esq., of Whitley, a charter by which Robert de Stapleton grants 
to God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and St. James of Eirkeleys, 8 acres Ac, in 
Sadelworthe, housebote, haybote, Ac. Reserving to the grantor and his heirs 
41 feris forestoQ meco et omnibus aliis dignitatibus forestoe." 

t Partition. 



96 Y0RK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

From the east end window adjoyning to ye pillars on the north side. 

24. — John Langwith. 26. — No name. 26. — James Brook, 
8, Francis Goldsbrough. 27.— Mrs. Mary Swaine, the whole. 
28. — Thomas Brook and Mr. Holden. 29. — James Brook and 
Francis Goldsbrough. 80. — No name. 31. — Edward Thompson, 
Esq* 82. — John Smith, one seat. 88. — Joshnah Butler, the 
whole. 84. — John Binns, the whole. 85. — John Butler (Lon- 
don), whole. 86. — John Butler. ■ 87. — Mrs. Mary 

Swahie. 88. — Mr. Bobert Holden, ye whole. 

89. — William . Name torn off. 40. — Name torn off. 

41. — Name torn off. 42. — Thomas Cockshot, the whole. 48. — 
No name. 44. — Memorandum — That this seat was repaired by 
Jonathan Hudson in Westgate; Israel Coltass; William Newby, 
and Thomas Genniugs, yet had no title but the consent of ye 
town untill the right owner made the claime. 45. — No name. 
46. — Valentine Priestman. 47. 48. — William Butler of 

London, whole. 49. 50. — Bichard Hudson (Marscoate). 

51. — Timothy Collyer and Francis ffieldhouse. 52. 58. — 

Thomas Brook, a pew. 64. — William Long, ye pew, and Thos. 
Walker. 55. — Lent without rent, for the which is in possession 
of Jer. Clarkson. 56. 57. 58. 59.— Thomas 

Walker. 60. — Edward Thompson, Esq., belonging Moss Farm. 
61.— No name. 62.— Thomas Walker. 

1728. — We, whose names are underwritten, doe own, to the 
best of our knowledge, as arranged above doth belong these 
persons as the figures 

As witness our hands — 

Bo. Holden, 
Thomas Bbooke, 
John Butleb, 
Timothy Gollteb. 

Transcribed from the original in the possession of Mr. 
William Scruton. 

Stows mentions Baildon having a church in the year 1412, 
but this erection is supposed to have been partly burnt, and 
then rebuilt. The demolition of the old " Chappell of Bayldon," 
was begun on May 10th, 1847 ; and the present edifice was 
opened by the Bishop of Bipon, on the 29th of February, 1848. 
The living is in the gift of trustees. In the year 1868 a new 
trust-deed was drawn up, and the following gentlemen were 
inscribed as trustees : — James Bent, Esq., Dr. Lockley, Abraham 
Maud, Esq., Captain Maude, Edward Salt, Esq., and Messrs. 
Baily, Blackburn, Charles F. Walker, W. W. Holmes, and 
Bichard Goldsborough. The value of the living is said to be 
about £800 per annum. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 97 

HirUtts fimmtxq, ((totdimxtb front p. 94.) 

By 8. J. Chadwick. 

Sundry rents are put down at £17 2s. Id. It is then stated 
thai the rent of the rectory of Myrefelde with the tithe barn 
and adjacent close of land (£6 6s. 8d.) is not returned because 
the King by his letters patent has granted all the said rectory 
with its rights and appurtenances to Thomas Savell of Clyfton, 
in the County of York, gentleman. But the Collector returns 
12s. 8d. owing by the said Thomas Savell for rent reserved to 
the lord King out of the rectory of Merefelde. The total of the 
year's account including 7s. arrears from the previous account 
is £24 15s. Id., which does not agree with Dugdale's statement, 
who says that at the time of the suppression, the Nunnery was 
valued at £20 7s. 8d. gross, and £10 8s. Id. clear. Perhaps in 
Dugdale's estimate the value of the buildings and land in hand 
is not included. From the above mentioned account we learn 
that the Collector's fee or commission was £1 6s. 8d. per an- 
num. The clerk for writing out the account had 2s. Paid for 
care of Nunwood 18s. 4d. Paid to Leonard Beckwith, Esq., 
the King's receiver for the County of York for the outgoings of 
the year £13 7s. Id., making a total payment of £15 9s. Id., 
and leaving a balance due of £9 6s. 0d., which is all disposed 
of as follows : — 

£ s. d. 
To *Bobert Pylkyngton for rent of land in the parish 
of Heton (Kirkheaton) belonging to the Abbey 
of Fountains, at 2s. 4d. per annum for 4 years 

including arrears 9 4 

To Thomas Savell, of Exeleye, in the County of 
York, gentleman, for rent of the grange there 
called Westhaye by Westburton (which he 
claimed, by colour of the King's letters, i.e. 

letters patent) 2 8 4 

To Thomas Savell, of Clifton, gentleman, for rent of 
the site of the Priory and the demesne lands 
(which he claimed by colour of the King's letters) 6 18 4 
The next document is the particulars for a grant to Richard 
Andrews and f William Bamsden of part of the possessions of 

' Probably the same who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Savell, 
of Clifton, the purchaser of the rectory of Mirfield. 

t Win. Bamsden of Longley Hall, obtained divers grants of Church lands 
inrfmting the advowson of Hnddersfield, and other possessions of the Priory 
it Hostell, also the site and demesne lands of Boche Abbey in South York- 
shire, &c, &o. He died in London 7th Nov., 1580. He appears to have 
married the Sister-in-law of the above-named Thomas Savell, of Exeley. 
The SavQeB, Bamsdens, and Pilkingtons obtained a fair share of the Abbey 
lands in this part of Yorkshire on the dissolution of the Monasteries. 

T.H.Q. a 



98 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the Priory of Kirklees. As these particulars will no doubt be 
found interesting, we give a full abstract of them. They are 
partly in English and partly in Latin, and the quaint spelling 
of the former is here given : — 

Md. that wee Richard Andros and William Bomsden require 
to purchase of the King's Highness by virtue of the King's 
Commission of Sale the premisses beyng of the cleare yearly 
value of lxviiift. ix*. jd. the tenth not beyng deducted. In 
witnesse wherof we have subscribed this bill with our hands and 
putte our sealls the day and yere in the seid rate specified. 

p me Riom Androys. 

O ## Ti, to.. 

xxvii die Maie Anno rr. Henr : viii xxxv concerning the 
Sale to Richard Andrewes. 

Item of the possessions of Kyrkeleys viulu vs. viiid. 

Parcel of the possessions of the late Priory of Kirkelies freely 



County of York. Denby in the parish Heaton. There are no 
lands, tenements, or rents there belonging to the Priory other 
than 

William Clayton is tenant at will of certain lands there 
paying yearly at Martinmas and Whitsuntide vj«. viijd. 
Memord. that the same lands lye by estymacon xj or xij 
myles distunte from Pountefract Castle, and vij or viij myles 
from Wakefelde. 

Exr. P. Hugon ffuller, 

Audit. 
Parcel of the lands Ac, of the above Priory in the accounts 
of Wm. Chamber, Collector of the King's rents, 84, Henry VIII. 
Westhey by Westburton in the parish of Darton. 
Thomas Sparke and John Sparke are tenants at 
will of two tenements there and pay per annum 
at Martinmas and Whitsuntide with vjs. viijd. li. s. d. 
paid to the heir of Sir Jas. Strangways, Knt...iiy. vj. viij. 
Shelf in the parish of Halifax. 
The late wife (? widow) of John Priestley holds by 
deed under the common seal of the Priory for 
a term of years as is said one tenement with 
lands, meadows, &c, &c, and pays per annum s. d. 

at the aforesaid feasts ... xiij. iiij. 

Leusage (Liversedge) in the parish of BristalKBirstall). 
Wm. Brooke holds by deed under the common seal 
of the Priory for a term of years one tenement 
with its appurtenances and pays per annum at 
the aforesaid feasts with iiijd. for a portion of s. d. 
two Autumn tasks called * " Side boones." ... xxiiij. x. 

* " Side booties " means service or work with the sickle in harvest. In 
Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic and Obsolete Word* " boon dayB " are said 



B. 


d. 


X11J. 
8. 

iiij. 

8. 


1UJ. 


V. 


d. 




VI. 


8. 


d. 


Uj. 


1UJ 



Y0RK8HIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 98T 

Thoe. Sawood otherwise Solithwood son and heir 
of Richard Southwood holds by deed as above 

a cottage rent per annum 

Thomas Poplewell holds by deed as above a cot- 
tage called Stonehouses, annual rent 

Scoles in the parish of BirstalT. 

John Brooke occupies a toft, annual rent 

The heirs of Edward Stones hold certain lands 

there, annual rent 

Hekynwik (Heckmondwike) in the parish of BirstalL 

The late wife (? widow) of John Kighley holds by 

deed as above iij. closes of land, annual rent... 

Emeley — John Clayton holds by deed as above 

certain parcell of meadow lying in Shepeleycarre s. 

within Emley parke, annual rent viij. 

Sadil worth — Richard Wrigley holds by deed as above 

one tenement li. s. d. 

Total viij. v. viij. 

Gerteyne landes and tenements in Denbye in the seyd Gountie 
parcell of the possessions of the late Monasterye of Kyrklees. 

Trees growing about the scytuacon of the said tenements and 
in hedges inclosing landes parteynyng to the same will bare 
snfiyce to repayre the forseyd tenements and to meynteyn the 
hedgis and fencys aboute the same therefore not valued 

by me Willm. Cowper. 
One tenement in Shell? ^ t> n « <i • * 

X!e tenement in Scoles - Par . c f ^2°^^ * 

Three tenements in Leversaee J the Be 7 d late ^T*- 

Ther be growinge aboute the scytuacons of the said tenements 
and in hedgis inclosing lands parteyning to the same lx polling 
okes, aishes, and elmys of lx and lxxx yeres' growthe whereof 
xxx reservaid to the fermer and tenants there for tymber for 
houseboote to repayre their forseyd tenements and to meynteyne 
the forseyd hedgis therefore not valuid and xxx trees resydue 
valuid at ijd. the tree which is in the holle vs. 

by me Willm. Cowper. 
Two tenements in Westheye in the tenure of Thos. Sparke and 
John Sparke parcell of the late* Priory e of Eyrkleys. 
The Hayke groue conteyneth yj acres, 
West Strodes copp conteyneth iiij acres, 
Scrathayks groue conteyneth iij acres, 
Dowkers groue conteyneth one acre. 
Total acres xiiij. 

to be those on which a tenant is bound to work for his lord gratis ; and in 
Basther's Dialect of Almondbury and Huddernjield it is said that " to give a 
booin " is to assist a farmer gratis to get in his crops. In the present case 
William Brooke appears to have paid to the Convent 4d. per annum in lien of 
two days' work with the sickle whioh would be one of the terms of his tenancy. 
On this subject see also Seebohm's English Village Community. 



100 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

whereof vij acres (xs. vjrf.) of iij yeres growthe and vij 
acres (xiiij*.) of iiij yeres growthe the wood of every acre 
aforseyd valuid as appeareth whyoh is in the holle (xxiiijs. 

The Spryngs of the wood p grounde of xiiij acres afor- 
seyd rated yerly at vj<J. the acre woh ys yerly in the hollo 
vij*. and amounteth after xx yeres purchase to vijft. 
Item there be growing in the ' seyd copp woodes the short 
shrubbyd and pollinge okes of xl and lx yeres growth valuid at 
iiijd. the tree whych is in the holle xx*. 

by me Willm. Cowper. 
At the dissolution of the Priory the rectory of Mirfield and the 
glebe lands, tithes, tithe barn, &c, and the right of presentation 
to the Vicarage were granted 24th April, 82 Hen. VIII to Thos. 
Savile of Clifton gentleman, to hold by the service of the 10th 
part of one knight's fee and at the annual rent of 12s. 8d. The 
price paid to Grown by Mr. Savile being £114. 

On the 81st May, 86 Henry VHI, the site and precincts of 
the Priory then in the occupation of the above-named Thos. 
Savile, the buildings (except the lead of the roofs and windows), 
demesne lands, and other lands containing an area of about 26(X 
acres were granted to John Tasburgh and Nicholas Savile to be 
held of the King in chief by the service of one fortieth part of a 
knight's fee, the price paid, including other property, being £987 
15s. 7d., a small annual rent of 18s. 4d. being also reserved to 
the King. Other property of the Priory in Huddersfield, Harts- 
head, and other places, was granted 14th Septr., 86 Henry 
VIII, to the above mentioned William Bamsden of Longley, an 
ancestor of the present owner of Huddersfield. On the 8th. 
July, 1 Edward VI, License was granted by the Grown to 
Outhbert Savell of Clifton, son of the above-named Thos. Savile, 
to dispose of the rectory of Mirfield with the tithes, glebe, Ac, 
to the above-named Wm, Bamsden, who on the 14th Octr., in 
the same year obtained a License from the Crown to dispose or 
the rectory, and the glebe lands, tithes, tithe barn, &c, to John 
Dyghton of Batley, gentleman. These transactions were proba- 
bly only family arrangements, for in May, 4 Edw. VI, a License 
was granted to John Dyghton to dispose of the same premises 
to Elizabeth Savell and Cuthbert Savell, doubtless the widow 
and son of Thomas Savell, the original grantee from the Crown. 
On the 29th March, 1 Edw. VI, License was granted to the 
said Wm. Bamsden of Longley, and James More, clerk (proba- 
bly a trustee for Bamsden), to alienate the site and demesne 
lands of Kirklees to Thos. Gargrave, Esq. Eventually in tho 
latter part of the reign of Elizabeth, most of the Kirklees estates 
in Clifton and Hartshead, the rectory and advowson of Mirfield, 
the glebe lands, tithes, &c, came by purchase into the hands of 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 101 

John *Armitage, the ancestor of the present owner, and the 
property has continued in his family to the present time, except 
the advowson of Mirfield which was sold rather more than 80 
years ago to Joshua Ingham, Esq., of Blake Hall, Mirfield. 

The writer has been unable to find any mention of the deed 
by which the Prioress and Nuns surrendered the Nunnery and 
its possessions to the Crown, nor has he found the report of the 
King's Commissioners who were sent to enquire into the state 
of the Monasteries prior to their dissolution. It is possible 
however that a careful search among the Harleian MSS. in 
the British Museum, the Dodsworth MSS. in the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford, and other collections, would bring to light 
other information relating to Kirklees. The Nunnery was 
however of such little note, and had such comparatively small 
possessions, that probably not much care was taken of the 
reports concerning it. The writer however has recently been 
fortunate enough to obtain a copy of the survey of the buildings 
of the Priory taken by the King's Commissioners, and from a 
note on this survey it would appear that at the time of the 
dissolution there were a Prioress and seven Nuns in the Con- 
vent, which is probably not more than half the usual number. 
It will be seen by the survey that in the choir of the church 
were twenty-two stalls for the Nuns, and there is little doubt 
but that there was a falling off in number for some time previous 
to the dissolution. The following is a copy of the survey : — 
Kirkleys, Scitus domorum. 

XX 

The churohe conteynyth in length iiij ffoote and in bredith 

xxj foote, wt. a high roofe coueryd wt. slates, hauynge 

glasse wyndowes conteynynge L ffoote of glasse, wt. the 
high alter, ij alters in the quere, and ij benethe, and xxij 
stalles in the quere for the nones. 
Item the cloyster at the souths parte of the churche conteynyth 
in length xl ffoote square and in bredith vij foote, and iij 
partes coueryd wt. slates, and chambres over th. other one 
parte, wtoute any glasse. 
Item the chapiter house at th'este parte of the cloyster, xyj 
foote square, vndir the jdorter, wt. iij litle glasse wyn- 
dowes conteynynge yj foote of glasse. 
Item the dorter over the chapiter house, xl foote longe and 

xviij foote brode, coueryd wt. slates. 
Item a parler vndir the dorter xviij foote square wt. a ohym- 
ney, ij baye wyndowes glasid conteynynge xxx foote of 
glasse. 



2 

! 



° In the original purchase deed Mr. Armitage is described as of Farnley 
Tyas, Yeoman, and his name is spelt with an "i" in place of a "y." This 
in some degree confirms the claim of the Armitages of Hnddersneld and the 
neighbourhood to he descended from the same stock. 

f Dormitory. 



102 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Item the *gyle house at the southe parte of the cloyster, xx 

foote square, vndir the fraytour. 
Item a larder house vndir the fraytour, xviij foote longe and 

xiiij foote brode. 
Item the tfraytour, xxxiiij foote longe and xviij foote brode, 

• stone walles, vnglasid, coueryd wt. slates. 
Item a litle house at the west parte to lay brede yn, xvj 

foote longe and x foote brode. 
Item a J bultynge house at the weste parte of the cloyster, 

xvj foote square. 
Item v litle ehambres over the same at the said west parte 
for the ladies and others to work yn, coueryd wt. slates. 
Item the halle at the west ende of the ehurehe, xxx foote longe 

and xxj foote brode, wt.oute glasse coueryd wt. slates. 
Item a parler or chamber at th' upper ende of the halle xxiiij 
foote longe and xvi foote brode, coueryd wt. slates, no 
glasse. 
Item a litle chamber by the same, x foote square coueryd wt. 

slates, tymber walles. 
Item the buttrye at the vpper ende of the halle vndir the 

chamber, xxj foote longe and x foote brode. 
Item a little inner buttrye by the same. 

Item the new chamber at the northe parte of the inner 
g oourte, xvj foote square wt. a chymney and 

J j§» ooureyd wt. slates, tymbre walles. 

~ Item ane other chamber by the same, xvj foote longe 
and xij foote brode, tymber walles coueryd wt. 
slates. 
Item ane other chamber by the same of lyke bignesse. 
Item ane chambre therby of like bignesse. 
Item such ane other olde chamber coueryd wt. slates. 
Item a low house or old parler vndir the seid ehambres, xviij 
foote square, wt. stone walles and one glasse wyndow con- 
teyning x foote of glasse. 
Item the Prioresse chamber at the northe syde of the nether 
ende of the church, xxiiij foote longe and xvj foote brode, 
tymbre walles coueryd wt. slates, no glasse. 
Item j litle closett and a litle cole house therby. 
Item a low chamber called the §fermery at the nether end of 
the fraytour, xviij foote square, old stone walles, a chymney 
and no glasse. 
Item the kychyn, xx foote longe and xviij foote brode, no chyxn- 
ny, stone walles and coueryd wt. slates. 

* The Gyle house was the wort house or place in which ale was worked. 
Sometimes called Gylyng house, and sometimes Gail house. See HalHweU's 
Dictionary of Archaic and Obsolete Words. 

t The refectory or dining hall. 

I For boolting or Bifting meal. 

f Infirmary. 



i 



i 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 109 

Hem the brewhouse and bakehouse at the southe parte of the 

inner conrte, xxxyj foote longe and xx fbote brode, stone 

walles and ooueryd wt. slates. 
Item a stable and ane old cole house at the southe parte of the 

seid oourte, vndir the chambres. 
Md. that alle the seid houses are abonte the cloyster and the 

inner court. 
Item ane old almes house whereyn a poore man dwellith wt.oute 

the gate. 
Item ane other old almes house, xl foote longe and ziiij foote 

brode, by the bek syde. 
Item a cowhouse xxxviij foote longe and xx foote brode, brokyn 

walles, coueryd wt. slates, decayed. 
Item ane old rounde dove cote in the vtter yarde, of stone 

walles partely brokyn, decayed. 
Item a come barne of ij storyes, whereof th'one lxxij foote 

longe and xxx foote brode, and the other xl foote longe 

and xxiiij foote brode, stone walles, a goode stronge roofe 

ooueryd wt. slates, v quarter rye. 
Item a carte house, xxx foote longe and xyj foote brode, no 

walles, coueryd wt slates welle. 
Item the oxehouse, lx foote longe and xviij foote brode, stone 

and tymbre walles, coueryd wt. slates. 
Bern the kylne house, xlivij foote longe and xviij foote brode, 

whereof th' one half old and th' other halfe late burnyd 

and new bilded, whereof lakkith xx foote to oouer and 

the rest coueryd wt. slates. 
Item the garner, xx foote longe and xyj foote brode, tymbre 

walles, coueryd wt. slates. 
Item ij litle houses vndir the same and th'one of theym for 

seruauntes to lye yn. 
Item a swyne cote, xxiiij foote longe and xvi foote brode, coueryd 

wt. slates. 
Md. that the inoste parte are olde houses. 
Item ane orchard enclosed wt. ane olde stone walle wt. few fruit 

trees, conteyneth by estymacon iij roodes of grounde. 
If the above survey is cpmpared with an article an the Cister- 
cian plan by Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite in vol. VII of the Yorkshire 
Archaeological Journal, a very good idea will be formed of the 
arrangement of Monasteries of the Cistercian Order. We 
gather from the survey that all the buildings at Sirklees were 
small and poorly built, and many windows were unglazed, even 
those in the Infirmary and in the Prioress's chamber. There 
were also very few ohimnies, even the kitchen being without 
one and probably the smoke would escape through the door and 
windows. In some of the rooms charcoal fires would be used 
in braziers. The chaplain appears to have had a chimney in 
his room, and there was also one in one of the parlours where 



104 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

guests were received. The Prioress's chamber does not appear 
to have been very comfortable. She would probably take her 
meals in the refectory and sleep in the dormitory with the nuns 
as it was not usual for the heads of Cistercian Monasteries to 
have private households. This rule however is not without 
exceptions, as at Fountains for instance the Abbot's house must 
have been a splendid building. At Eirklees the nuns do not 
appear to have had luxurious quarters, and it is to be hoped 
that their discomforts arose from a desire to strictly follow 
the example of the founder of their order. 

Very few of the buildings mentioned in the survey can now 
be traced. Dr. Whitaker says "a square depression in the 
ground distinctly marks the cloister court, nearly 80 yards 
square, north of this was the body of the church, and 18 yards 
or thereabouts to the east are the tombs of Elizabeth de Stayn- 
ton and another, immediately to the eastward from which the 
choir has evidently terminated. The nave, transept, and choir 
must have been at least 150 ft. long." These measurements do 
not agree with those of the survey, and the latter document 
appears to dispose of tho tradition which says that a large 8 
storey building on the west side of the cloister was the house of 
the Prioress. The chamber of the Prioress was in quite a 
different direction at the north side of the " nether " (which I 
take to be the east or lower) end of the church. It is possible 
that the building in question may have been the hall, parlour, 
Ac, which are said to have been at the west end of the church. 
A large ♦gateway with corner turrets is said to have been 
standing in the year 1670, and an engraving thereof is given in 
Stukeley's IUnerarium Curioaum, vol. II. A small copy of this 
engraving is to be seen in Outch's Robin Hood, vol I, page 47, 
a book which contains a good account of that famous outlaw. 
The most perfect relic now remaining of the Priory is the gate- 
house adjoining the stream, which has very thick walls and 
narrow windows. A small closet in this building is said to be 
the scene of Robin Hood's death which is so graphically des- 
cribed in the fine old ballad of Robin Hood's Death and Burial 
which we would fain believe to be .true. Many doubts have 
been thrown on the existence of this famous outlaw who robbed 
the rich to help the poor,t and it is impossible to condense into 
a few words all that has been written about him. Those who 
wish for further information should refer to Qntch's and Ritson's 

• I think the bo called gateway was simply a farm building with pigeon 
cotes on the top. From its situation relatively to the other buSdingB it oouM 
not be a gateway. The engraving is a very rode one. 
t Cryst have mercy on his sonle, 
That dyed on the roode, 
For he was a good ontlawe, 
And 4yd pore men moeh good, 

A LyteU Oeste, Ac 



YO&KSHIBB NOTES AND QUEBIE8. 106 

books on the subject, and to an essay by the Revd. Josh. 
Hunter, published in the year 1852, some extracts from which 
are given in Hobkirk's History of Huddersfield, pages 80-2. 
Mr. Hunter appears to be of opinion that Robin Hood did not 
live in the early part of the 12th century as one would conclude 
from the epitaph said to have been inscribed on his gravestone, 
but in the first part of the 14th century, in the reigns of Edward 
IE and Edward III, about the time of John le Fleming who 

Suited the "native" to Kirklees. The supposed grave of 
bin Hood lies on rising ground, a good half mile from the 
gate house, from the window of which the dying outlaw is said 
to have shot his last arrow. There is only a small fragment 
of the stone now to be seen enclosed in an iron cage to prevent 
further depredations. The navvies who made the neighbouring 
railway are said to have reduced the stone to its present size. 
In Gough's Sepulchral Monuments, page 108, is the supposed 
figure of the stone with a sort of cross fleuree thereon, but it is 
thought that this is really a copy of Elizabeth de Staynton's 
tombstone. It is said that Sir Samuel Armytage an ancestor 
of the present owner of Kirklees, caused the ground under the 
supposed tombstone to be dug a yard deep and found it had 
never been disturbed. We will however take leave to disbelieve 
this story, and to hope that Robin Hood still lies undisturbed 
in his last resting place in the pleasant park of Kirklees. 

Lay me a green sod under my head, 

And another at my feet ; 
And lay my bent bow by my side, 

Which was my music sweet : 
And make my grave of gravel and green, 

Which is most right and meet. 

Let me have length and breadth enough, 
With a green sod under my head ; 

That they may say when I am dead, 
Here lies bold Robin Hood. 

All this they readily promised him, 

Which did bold Robin please : 
And there they buried bold Robin Hood, 

Near to the fair Kirkleys. 



The Sou>izb8' Tbbnch at Shipley Glen. — The following 
letter, calling attention to a case of vandalism in Shipley Glen, 
appeared recently in the Bradford Observer: — 

8ir, — I have just been informed by a brother antiquary of the 
wilful demolition of the ancient stone circle, or soldiers' trench, 
at Shipley Glen, described in Horsfall Turner's "Hkley." 
8ome iconoclast, or iconoclasts, for there must have been 



106 YORK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

several, have accomplished the work, which I am told they have 
to such purpose that the circle, which was one of the most 

Serfect of its kind in this part of the oountry, is completely 
estroyed, and some of the large stones removed to a distance. 
All this has been done for no earthly purpose, unless it was 
with the hope of finding some treasure-trove beneath the surface. 
This is a most unpardonable piece of folly, evidently done by 
unskilful hands. The least they could have done would have 
been to leave the erections as they found them. Thus a work 
which has stood in all probability for a couple of thousand of 
years, and was visited annually by people from all parts of 
England and America, as pointing to a prehistoric period, is 
sacrificed to meet the cupidity of some person or persons whose 
names should be handed down to posterity along with those of 
Jonathan Martin and others of that ilk. Surely some one bears 
the responsibility of protecting these national monuments, and 
it is for this purpose I beg to call the attention of the Lord of 
the Manor, or other persons interested, otherwise the few me- 
morials of a similar character which remain to us will soon 
disappear. — I am, Ac, W. T. 

December 26th, 1885. 

The matter was at once brought under the notice of Captain 
Maude, lord of the manor, and it is hoped that effective steps 
will be taken to repair the wanton damage done to one of the 
most interesting local " British circles." The Bradford Histori- 
cal and Antiquarian Society, at a council meeting a few days 
ago, unanimously passed a resolution deploring the wilful 
destruction of this memorial of the past, and hoping that the 
lord of the manor of Bracken Hall Glen — more commonly 
known as Shipley Glen, will endeavour to secure such restora- 
tion as possible, so as to maintain in its primitive condition 
one of the largest and most perfect " circles " of its kind in this 
part of the country. Those who are acquainted with the glen 
will remember the large segment of an ancient intrenchment 
locally known as "The Soldiers' Trench." It consists of a 
double row of upright stones arranged in a circular form, and 
filled in with rubble between the two rows, so as to form a 
raised mound or wall backed by the upright stones on both 
sides. The vandal of the glen has simply carted away a large 
proportion of the rubble between the two rows, and has practi- 
cally destroyed the mound for a considerable distance. — Leed$ 
Mercury. 

rhe diggings more fully reveal the remains of intense fires, 
confirm the theory of those who regard this particular 
circle as a relic of fire-worship. It is desirable that a list of 
circles, sculptured rocks, pits, mounds and other earthworks of 
ancient date throughout Yorkshire, should be compiled, and 
systematically studied. Our wide moors and extensive wood* 
are comparatively unexplored.] 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 107 

Uorksfjxr* |}aris!j fUjjisfers, 

By the Bkv. J. L. Satwkll, F.B.H.S. 
The Parish Registers of the Established Church form at once 
an authentic library of parochial history, and a mine of anti- 
quarian wealth, which every beneficed Clergyman ought to 
carefully conserve and protect for the benefit of the nation. 
The Incumbent of a parish for the time being is the responsible 
guardian of parish records, although according to law, the 
Churchwardens have the custody of the Church property be* 
longing to each parish, but such custody is subordinate to the 
custody of the Incumbent. Too often the contents of the 
parish chest are allowed to moulder away, grimly guarded from 
intruders by the three large padlocks ordered by the 70th 
Canon of 1608, the writing becomes unintelligible, the sub- 
stance upon which the entries are made worm-eaten and dis- 
coloured, and the work of deciphering the characters a real 
difficulty, even by experts, without the questionable aid of 
reviving liquids. It is not to be supposed that every Clergy- 
man takes a delight in sniffing the odour of musty parchments, 
but he would be doing an undoubted service in making the 
parish chest easy of access to those who take an interest in 
Historical and antiquarian research; in preserving valuable 
records from the ravaging tooth of time, by occasionally expos- 
ing them to a dry atmosphere ; and in protecting the venerable 
parish coffer and its contents from the ruthless and oftentimes 
sacrilegious hands of thieves and pedigree hunters.* Very 
recently, the village church of Hampton, near Evesham, was 
broken into by thieves, the tin box which contained the parish 
registers, secured only by a small brass padlock (1) forced 
open, and the contents of the box carried away wholesale. 
Fortunately the Vicar had made copies of the ancient registers, 
and for this he is to be commended, but for the lamentable 
Joss of the originals, which the thieves would most probably 
burn he is culpable. A tin box with a small brass padlock 
was quite inadequate for its purpose, and if the old parish 
chest was dilapidated, one of Milner's fire proof iron safes 
ought to have been provided by the parish and set up in 
the parsonage. Unless great care is taken to keep out the 
damp, the relentless grip of decay fastens upon the leaves, as 
«t NoBTHAiiLBBTON, where the pages of some very early docu- 
ments are nothing more than a parcel of fragments. When 
this is the case the pieces ought to be carefully pasted between 

* There aire persona who make a practice of searching registers for births, 
marriages, and deaths, rewards for which have been offered by advertisement, 
and who take the advantage of making copious extracts, under the pretence 
of tracing pedigrees. This i$ a refined species of thievish trickery, against 
which every incumbent ought to be on his guard.— -J.L.8. 



106 YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUEBIB8. 

two sheets of tracing paper, so that both sides can be seen. 
The registers at Ackwobth date from 1568, and are in good 
preservation. The first Registration Act was passed in the 
thirtieth year of Henry VIII. (1589), so that it was not until 
-the eleventh year of Edward VI. that a registration book began 
to be kept at Ackworth, a somewhat tardy compliance with the 
Act which cannot be accounted for. Of course an earlier book 
may have been kept, but if so it has been lost. The Ackworth 
registers and other parochial documents are carefully preserved 
in a small iron safe* at the Rectory, accessible to all bona 
fide enquirers. The registers themselves are numbered con- 
secutively. Vol. I. is a quarto, bound in leather, with brass 
clasps, evidently not the original binding. The parchment 
leaves are much discoloured, but a careful Reotorf has made a 
partial transcript of the entries, and had it interleaved. The 
transcript in some places is not correct, but it is nevertheless a 
valuable aid in deciphering the peculiarly engrossed characters, 
which in some places are quite faded. The records in Vol. I. 
cover a period of ninety years (1558-1648). 

Ackworth— Vol. I., Part I., 1558-71. 
The first parchment leaf has been torn out, probably by some 
one wishing to possess a relic of ancient times, but such van- 
dalism is shocking. On the top of the right hand corner of the 
second leaf, is the following entry — 

Thomas Hartyndon, Rector, 
Presented to this Living by 
Queen Mary, Apr. 1554. 
Then follow entries of eight baptisms, and one marriage in 
1558. No burials are recorded until 1561. 

Baptisms, 1558. 
John Ranolde, baptysed the 10 

of Februarie. 
John Hall, 4 of March. 
George Wilcocke, ye 18 of 

Februarie. 



Agnes Pearson, 20 September. 
Margret Davidson, 18 August. 
John Austwicke, 12 September. 
Agnes Rodwell, 8 October. 
Isabell Hopkinson, — J October. 



Mabrxagbs. 
Willm Bigleskirke and Elizabethe October — • 

Baptisms, 1559. 



Jane Rawson, March 22. 

John Fricklaye, — 

Thomas Oorbrige, Februarie — 



John Brownbrigge, Februarie 25 

Margret Heptinstall, 

Willm Foolde, 



• The old perish chert been no date, is not carved, and only bean one 
padlookt 
t Dr. Timothy Lee. 

t Where the writing is OTintelHgSMe, it is left blank. 
f The entries for 1559 and 1560 an very indistinct. 



\ 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 100 

Mabbiagbs. 

Francis Makin and May (?). 

John and Dorothye 

Baptisms, 1560. 

Margret Chatburne, | Willm Simson, Januarie 6 (?). 

Edwd. Stillinge, Januarie — 
Mabbiagbs. 

John Soger and Elizabethe 

John Howet and Ja 

Willm and Elizabeth 

and 

Baptisms, 1661. 



Robert Becket, Februarie 11. 

Thomas Horner, 26. 

Doritie Hopkinson, Maye 10. 

Thomas Corbrigge, 18. 

Willm Adam, Julie 27. 



Margret Hinohliffe, baptysed 

Januarie 17. 
John Howet, March 6. 
Lionell Wormall, March 16. 
Ric. Clyffe, March 27. 

Mabbiagbs. 
Edwarde Rustbie and Grace AUine, (?) Julie 5. 
Willm Austwicke and Jane Simson, November 7. 
Thomas Brownebrige and Alice Ghauntrye, November 17* 
Bubials. 
Nicholas Archer, buryed Januarie 8. 
Baptisms, 1662. 
Edward Margison, baptysed Aprill 6. 
Agnes Roberts, Maye 8. 
Mabbiages. 
Barnarde Brigge & Margret Scholaye, maryed October 5. 
Robert Walker & Margret Clyffe, October 12. 
John Walker & Elizabethe Margeson, October 28. 
James Norton & Jennet Redman, November 26 (?). 
Bieharde Tiplinge & Alice Medope, November 28. 
Willm Hutchinson & Isabell Wilkinson, December 22 (?)• 
Baptisms, (no date.) * 



Bieharde Arundell, June 10. 
John Norton, June 2 — 
Willm Hynchcliffe, June 11. 
John Mawson, October 14. 
John Norton, November 8. 
Jennit Chatburne, November 25 



Bieharde Stillinge, Februarie 8. 

Kaiheryne Pickeringe, Marche 
28. 

John Wormall, March 27. 

Willm Beverlaye, March 28. 

Edwarde Austwicke, Maye 28. 

Jennet Horner, June 8. 

Bubials. 
Elizabethe Stillinge, buryed Aprill 2. 
Jane Pickeringe, buried November 29 
Ellis Chatburne, November 26. 

• Probably 1563. 



11G 



YORKSHIRE. NOTES AMD QUERIES. 



Ann Becket, Januarie 8, 
M'gret Wetherhead, Januarie 20 
Henrye Wormall, Januarie 28 
Edmund Grenewood, March 26 
Agnes Walker, Aprill 1. 
Isabell Simson, Aprill 2. 



Baptisms, 1564. 



Elizabeth Newall, Aprill 13. 
James Brathwayte, Aprill 28. 
George Troos, Julie 15. 
George Howet, August 20. 
Agnes Dodgson, December 15. 
Thomas Padget, December 28. 



[No marriages or burials recorded this year.] 
Baptisms, 1565. 



Francis Jackson, Aprill 20. 

Robert Davison, June 10. 

Willm Hall, Julie 80. 

Elizabethe Stillinge, August 19 

Margret Barker, August 20. 

Elizabethe Hopkinson, Septem- 
ber 22. 

Thomas Broadlaye, September 
26. 



Thomas Roger, September 80. 
Margret Cloughe, October 14. 
Rich. Simson and Beteris 

Howet, October 15. 
John Fricklaye and Paul Bew- 

lay, Januarie 27. 
Thomas Wright, Januarie 27. 
Anne Clapham, Februarie 10. 



[No marriages or burials recorded.] 
Burials, 1566. 



James Huntingdon, June 25. 
Agnes Hall, August 10, 
Elizabethe Barker, September 
80. 



John Wormall, November 19. 
Richard Smithe, December 22. 
Elizabethe Hopkinson, Decem- 
ber 20. 



[No baptisms or marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1567. 



Elizabethe Gee,(?) Februarie 17 
Richard Foul d 8, Aprill 16. 
Anthonye Rodwell, Maye 22, 
Alise. Brigffes, Maye 19. 
Henrye Roberts, Julie 10. 
Roger Pickeringe, Julie 12. 
Margret Norton, Julie 25. 

Burials. 



George Twedall, Septr. 15. 
John Wetherhead, November 28. 
Emmot Simson, November 24. 
Willm. Norton, November 80. 
John Scholaye, December 15. 
Elizabeth Gee, (?) December 21. 



Elizabethe Hopkinson, Decem- 
ber 28. 



Richard Whyte, baptysed Jan- 
uarie 28. 
EstherChatburne,Februarie 15 

James Cloughe, 18. 

Robert Walker, April 80. 
Elizabethe Stillinge, June 10. 
Jane Glapam, June 80. 



[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1568. 



John Wormall, December 18. 
Robert Wormall, December 20. 



Richarde Twedall, Julie 5. 
James Grenewoode, Julie 20. 
James Howet, Julie 80. 
Charles Jackson, October 10. 
Margret Howet, October 15. 
Margaret* Fricklaye,October20. 
John Scholaye, October 28. 



* Margaret, is thus spelt for the first time, and afterwards both ways. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



lit 



Baptisms, 1568. 



Marye Wormall, November 20. 

John Letter on, November 28. 

Elizabethe Pkkeringe, Novem- 
ber 15. 

Rosamunde Dodgson, December 
20. 

Thomas Briggs, December 25. 

Anne Simson, December 80. 



Isabell Fawconer, November 5. 
Agnes Padget, November 20. 
James Scholaye, November 26. 
Willm. Reame, November 80. 
Edwarde Becket, Deoember 20. 
Bryan Beverlaye, December 20. 
EdwardeHopkinson,October 80. 
John Chatburne, November 10. 

BUBIALS. 

Lionel Howet, Jannarie 20. I John Hopkinson, Julie 15. 
Margaret Austwick, Januarie 20 Eatheryne Leteron, Julie 20. 
Robert Bell, Marche 28. James Grenewood, October 25. 

Willm Adam, Marche 25. Betterifi Howet, October 20. 

Margret Chatburne, Aprill 25. I George Hall, October 28. 
Briget Costable, Julie 80. I 

[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1569. 



Jane Wetherheade, Jannarie 20 
Emot 8hillito, Januarie 15. 
Bichard Simson, Januarie 80, 
Elisabeth Hall, Februarie 15. 
Margret Broadlaye,Februarie 24 
James Rodwell, Februarie 25 
Dorithie Grenewoode, Februarie 

27. 
Elizabeth Clapham, Februarie 

28. 
John Roger, Marche 5. 
Bichard Shillito, Marche 15. 
Beteris Roger, June 20. 
Leonardo Stillinge, June 25 



Margret Scholaye, Julie 24. 
Dorithie Horner, Julie 24. 
Jane Pearson, Februarie 20. 
Anne Gorbrigge, Marche 25. 
Sicylye Broadaye, Marche 28. 
John Redman, April 28. 
Willm Wormall, June 20. 
Francis Dodgson, June 28. 
Thomas Wetherhead, June 80. 
Willm Wright, Julie 20. 
Margret Greene, Julie 25. 
Jane Hollinworthe, Julie 25. 
Annis Nelson, September 80. 
Marye Brigs, October 20. 



Elizabeth Everinghame, Aprill 

12. 
Willm Norton, April 25. 
Agnes Scholaye, June 80. 
Margret Broadlaye, June 15 
John Ro(d)ger, Aprill 80. 
Robert Jackson, Julie 28. 
John Scholaye, August 26. 
Jennet Bell, August 



BlJBIALS. 



Willm Horner, August 22. 
Agnes Broadlave, August 80. 
Jennet Linfield, October 29. 
Jennet Grene, Januarie 28. 
Elizabeth Hutchinson, Febru- 
arie 7. 
Elizabeth Watkin, Februarie 12. 
James Wetherhead, March 18. 
John Bell, March 20. 



[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1570. 
John Milnerson, Aprill 29. ' Willm Wormall, June 28. 
Elizabethe Norton, Maye 8. [Christian name not inserted] 
Willm Becket, June 4. " Norton, August 20. 



112 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Baptisms. 



Katheryne Stillinge, August 28 
Margret Howet, Januarie 14. 
Grace Jackson, Januarie 21. 
Robert Padget, Januarie 22. 
Agnes Bobinson, Januarie 28. 
Elizabeth Letteron, Februarie 

12. 
John Peele, March 28. 
Mathewe Wilbye, Aprill 8. 
Thomas Heptinstall, August 26. 



Anthonye Royes, August 8. 
John Greene, September 10. 
Willm Steade, October 6. 
Grace Jackson, Februarie 28* 
John Bell, March 20. 
Esabell Fawconer, March 28. 
Bryan Beverlaye, Aprill 17. 
John Huntingdon, Aprill 28. 
Agnes Esh, Maye 4. 
Thomas Geffrason, June 8. 



[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1671. 



Jane Norton, Februarie 10. 
Edwarde Greene, Februarie 11. 
Thomas Peele, March 22. 
Henrie Huntingdon, March 4. 
Betteris Letteron, March 19. 
Emmat Ghatburne, March 14. 



Matthewe Milner, June 80. 
Agnes Pearson, Julie 24. 
Betteris Bobinson, August 9. 
Isabell Simeon, October 6. 
Anne Hall, October 6. 
Thomas Piokeringe, October 24. 
Jennet Howet, October 80. 

Marriages. 

Lionell Wormald and Francis Moidye, (Morlye) married Julie 1» 
Willm Jackson and Jane Wilson, November 4. 
George Abbott and Isabell Pickeringe, December 1. 
Robert Jackson, and Jane Wormall, Januarie 81. 

Bubiall8. — Jenet Austwicke, Marche 80. 

Willm Lambs, Rector, A.M. 

Richarde Churchwarden. 

The nomenclature of the foregoing entries is interesting. 
During a period of nine years, only forty Christian names occur, 
five of which viz : Doritie, Jennet, Emot, Betteris, and Annis, 
are now rarely met with. " Sicylye" survives as Cicely, and 
" Doritie" as Dorothy. Bryan and Ellis are in reality sur- 
names, and are now seldom used as Christian names. John of 
course is found most frequently, together with his "marrow" — 
Jane. Lionel occurs frequently, as also Katherine and Agnes, 
but Anthony, Nicholas, Rosamund, and Barnard only once. Of 
the surnames, Austwicke, Fricklaye, Chatburne, and Wormald, 
are the most numerous, closely followed by Scholaye, Corbrigge, 
Howet, Stillinge, Broadlaye, Norton, Simson, and Fawconer. 
But Geffrason (Jefferson), Letteron, Everingham, Costable, 
Shillito, and Arundell are scarce. The name Roger occurs both 
as a Christian and a Surname. Chauntrye, Ranolde, Bigles- 
kirke, Clyffe, Troos, Foulds, and Esh are only found once. 
The surnames Scholey, Wormald, Howit, and Norton still 
Burvive at Ackworth, whilst a descendant of the Austwick 
family, was a person of property and importance in the last 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



113 



century, and gave a piece of ground to the Society of Friends 
wherein to inter their dead. No light is thrown upon the 
manners and customs of the time, but the entries become more 
interesting further on. 

Baptisms, 1572. 



Jennet Dodson, October 24. 
Elizabeth Wormall, Decemb. 14 
Alis Nelson, Januarie 5. 
John Pearson, Februarie 22. 



Margaret Roades, Aprill 27. 
John Wormall, Aprill 29. 
Henrie Redman, Maye 7. 
Richarde Jackson, June 29. 
John Wormall, filius WiU'm, 
August 28. 

Mabriages. 
James Norton and Katerine (Tapton), Januarie 26. 
Richarde Fricklaye and Isabell Coyts (Coates), Maie 7. 

BUBIAI*L8. 



Agnes Walker, Aprill 9. 
Thomas Peele, Aprill 80. 
Margret Royds, Maie 1. 
Jennet Norton, Maie 26. 
George Briggs, June 5. 
John Hepworth, June 20. 
John Westbie, June 29. 

Baptismes, 
Richard Letteron, Aprill 10. 
Jane Horner, Aprill 17. 
Nicholas Norton, Aprill 26. 
Ann (?) Wetherhead, Maie 10. 

Milnerson, Maie 80. 

Lionell Clapam, Maie 24. 
Margret Jackson, Julie 10. 
John Robinson, August 2. 
Anne Hirst, September 6. 
Leonard Padget, September 12. 



Jane Hawet, July 25. 
Richard Jackson, August 6. 
Robert Pickeringe, October 28. 
John Becket, December 4. 
Agnes Wormall, Februarie 15. 
Jane Ghatburne, Marche 20. 

1578. 

Margerye Huntingdon, Septem- 
ber 12. 

Jane Gr en field, September 26. 

Thomas. Roberts, October 12. 

Thomas Briggs, November 80. 

Thomas Wright, Decemb 20. 

Anne Westabye, December 27. 

Tho. Hall &Ric. 'Ball, Janua- 
rie 10. 

Thomas Austwicke,Februarie 28 



Mabriages. 
Robert Barghe and Jennet Simson, October 28. 
Henrie Horncastle and Margret Brooke, November 15. 

Bubialls. 



Willm Wormall, Marche 25. 
James Norton, Aprill 11. 
John Robinson, August 6. 
Betteris Letteron, December 18 



John Wright, Januarie 5. 
Agar (?) White, Januarie 6. 
Richarde Hall, Februarie 10. 
Thomas Hall, Februarie 15. 



Edmond Dorker, the Sixth (?) 

of November. 
Will'm Walker, Aprill 20. 

Y.H.Q. 



Baptisms, 1574. 



Will'm Stillinge, and 
Wormall, August 18. 
James Corker, June 20. 
John Simson, August 7 



Agnes 



114 



YORKSHIRE NOTE8 AND QUERIES. 



Jane Hawet, September 19. 
Thomas Corker, October 2. 
John Letteron, October BO. 



Edithe (?) Milnerson, Februa- 

rie 8. 
Agnes Dodson, Februarie 24. 



Mabbiaobs. 

John Alderslaye and Ellin Fyshe, October 81. 

[No Burials recorded in 1574.] 

Baptisms, 1575. 



Jane Jackson, Aprill 10, 
John Hodgson, Aprill 16. 
John Becket, [and buried], 

Aprill 24. 
Richard Chatburne and Jennet 

Tomson, Maie 21. 
Thomas Horncastle, June 20 

Mabbiaobs. 
Peter (?) Heaton and Isabell Wormall, Januarie 16. 

Burials. 



Margret Wormall, June 22. 
Tho. Greene and Robert Bell, 

August 21. 
Alice Robert(s), Februarie 24. 
Dorithyie Corker, Marche 22. 
Emmat Huntingdon, Marche 22 



Margret Ramsden, April 24 
Marie HinchclifFe, Maie 27. 
W — Woode, Januarie 20. 

Baptisms, 
Margret Padget, Aprill 6. 
Edwarde Wright, Aprill 8. 
Elizabeth Wormall, June 16, 
Lionell Walker, Julie 18. 
Thomas Wormall, Julie 25. 

Mabbiaobs. 

Will'm Jackson and Rosamond Stillinge, Maie 20, 

[No Burials recorded this year.] 

Baptisms, 1577. 



Jennet Pyman, Februarie 8. 
John Robert(s), Februarie 4. 

1576. 
Wilfryde Hawet, March 6. 
Eatheryne Pickeringe, March 6 
Anthonye Redman, March 12. 
Leonard Walker, March 24. 



John Horncastle, Maye 14 
Lionell Redman, Maye 26. 
John Walker, Maye 28. 
Will'm Norton, June 4. 
Anne Shillito, December 12. 
Katheryne Norton, Januarie 8, 
Henrie Nelson, Februarie 17. 

[No Marriages recorded.] 
Burials. 



John Wormall, [and buried,] 
Feb. 17. 

— Scholaye, filia Elizabeth, 
Februarie 26. 

— Scholaye, filia Johannis, 
March 5. 



Elizabeth Horncastle, Julie 14. 
Jennet Parke, October 80. 
Jane Heaton, October 14. 
John Becket, Februarie 17. 
Thomas Corker, Marche 8. 



John Proctor, Marche 5. 
Elizabeth Burnet, Marche 21. 
Agnes Horner, before the date 
thereof,* September 12. 



• Born prematurely, and dying immediately ; but as the infant's baptism is 
not recorded, there is no reason why its burial by name should have been 
entered. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



115 



Baptisms, 1578. 



Richarde Pickeringe, filius 

J — minoris «* Septeb : 29 
Alice Hall, Aprill 11. 
Richarde Roberts, Aprill 80. 

Barnab Shepheard, Hector, presented to this Living by ABp 
York, Jany., 1578.+ 

BURIALLS. 



Isabell Huntingden, June 8. 
Jane Izat, June 80. 
John Scholaye, filius Richardi, 
November 10. 



Henrye Anstwicke, Aprill 16. 
Richarde Roberts, Maye 12. 



Richarde Ellis, Maye 28. 
John Wormall, December 28. 



Mabriageb. 
Will'm Corker and Katherine Hodgson, June 2. 
John Anstwicke and Alice Brouke, June 15. 

Baptisms, 15784 



Jennet Jackson, Februarie 11. 
Robert Norton, Februarie 12. 
Leonard Wetherhead, Feb. 18. 



John Hawet, Februarie 24. 
John Rawson, Marche 24. 



Baptisms, 1579. 



Robert Farrand, Marche 26, 
Dorythye Whiticars, Aprill 4. 
Lionell Roberts, Aprill 5. 
Antonye Milnerson, Aprill 12 
Will'm Grenfield, Aprill 28. 
Agnes Redman, Aprill 25. 
John Jenkinson, als. Greene, 

August 8. 
Jane Heaton, August 14. 

BuBLALIiS 



Jennet Anstwicke, August 14. 

James Huntingden, filius 

Januarie 29. 
Richarde Horncastle, Feb. 26. 
Margret Shillito, Februarie 29. 
Anne Thacker, Marche 1. 
John Roberts, Marche 4. 
Ellin Anne§ Corker, March 7. 



Leonarde Burnet, Aprill 25. 
Katheryne Grenfield, Maye 1. 
Agnes Ashton, June 29. 
Robert Bell, Julie 2. 
Marye Robinson, Julie 7. 
Margret Jenkinson, August 7. 
Jennet Rawson, Septeb. 4. 
Johana Wormall, October 20. 



Margret Burnleye, Deceb. 17. 
Thomas Beet, Februarie 14. 
John Roger, Februarie 21. 
Anne Walker, Marche 11. 
John Hawet, Marche 18. 
Jane Heaton, Marche 28. 

James Huntingden, filius 

Marche 24. 



[No Marriages in 1579.] 
Baptisms, 1580. 



John Hodgson, Marche 26. 
Emmat Medoppe, Marche 28. 
James Whalleye, Aprill 1. 
Richard Bell, Aprill 8. 



Thomas Grenfeld, Aprill 18. 
Elizabeth Walker, Aprill 21. 
Margret Rawson, Maye 22. 
Isabell Dorker [Donkin], May 28 



• The Father was a minor. 
f Later entry. 

♦ Not recorded in their proper order. 
I First instance of a double name. 



116 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Anne Spencer, June 1. 
Margeret Hall, June 20. 
Ursulaye Corker, August 19. 
Edward Izat, September 17. 
Elizabeth Bigleskirke, Sept. 24 
Jane Pickeringe, October 8. 
Francis Bushell, November 9. 
Andrewe Shillito, November 80 
Francis Broadlaye, December 5 



Ellin Corker, December 22. 
Thomas Jenkinson, Januarie 8. 
Thomas Austwicke, Januarie 12 
Emmet Foulds, Januarie 19. 
Jennet H un tin gden, Januarie 26 
Jane Soholayc, Februarie 18. 
Alice Wilson, a bastard, Feb- 
ruarie 20. 
Thomas Broadlaye, Marche 4. 



Burialls. 



Margret Medoppe, Aprill 6. 
Elizabeth Walker, Maye 1. 
Margerye Child, Maye 18. 
Isabell Don kin, Maye 80. 
Ellin Corker, June 8. 
Thomas Beverlaye, June 9. 
John Hodgson, June 24. 
Margret Bawson, Julie 81. 
Bobert Norton, August 5. 
Alis Hodgson, September 18. 
Thomas Peele, October 17. 



Alis Bawson, November 
Elizabeth Howet, December 2. 

[No Marriages recorded.] 

Baptisms, 1581. 



Anne Thacker, December 2. 
Dorothie Stagge, December 5. 
Marye Thacker, December 6. 
John Pearson, December 26. 
WilTm Walker, Januarie 1. 
Grace Broadlaye, Februarie 1. 
Lionell Farrand, Februarie 7. 
Willm Hepworthe, Februarie 18 
Cicelye Hawksworthe, Feb. 20. 
Alice Chadwicke, Marche 81. 
Maud Marchland, Maye 29. • 
John Bratwhayt,* Julie 10. 



Leonard Farrand, Aprill 28. 
Thomas Heaton, Maye 29. 
Jane Banold, Julie 4. 
George Whiticars, August 6. 
Anne Huntingden, August 27. 
Isabell Sugden, Septemb. 6. 
Anne Wormall, September 8. 
Anne Prince, September 21. 
WilTm Hodgson, October 10. 



Anne Eshe, November 9. 
Anne Aspiner, December 29. 
Thomas Hodgson, December 80 
Edithe Frances, Januarie 10. 
WilTm Bedman, Marche 1. 
WilTm Walker, Marche 8. 
Anne Jenkinson, Marche 11. 
WilTm and John Hinchcliffe, 
Aprill 24. 



BUBULS. 



Eatheryne Brooke, September 1 



Elizabethe Sugden, Septemb. 8 Margret Ward, Februarie 25 
WilTm Hodgson, October 20. Edward Izat, Februarie 
Marye Wetherhead, Novemb. 15 

[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1582 



Isabell Sugden, December 81. 



Isabell Boberts, June 2. 
Thomas Corker, films 

June 2. 
Bichard Bawson, June 9. 



lion. 



Jane Grenfeld, October 20. 
Jane Medope, October 28. 
WilTm Horncastle, October 80. 
Lionell Grene, November 21. 



• Now 4l Braitllwait. , 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



117 



Emmat Hawksworthe, Dec. 10. 
Judith Pickeringe, December 24 
Marye Izat, Februarie 2. 

Bubialls, 
Agnes Hinchclrffe, Marche 25 
Will'm Hinchcliffe, Aprill 1. 
Will'm Norton, Maye 18. 
John Hinchcliffe, June 8. 
Edward Fricklaye, June 18. 
Thomas Corker. October 28. 



Marye Bushel!, Marche 5. 
Emmat Willson, Marche 9. 



12 



John Howet, Aprill 12. 
Cotton Broadlaye, Aprill 29. 
John SchMaye, Aprill 28. 
Robert Broadlaye, Maye 24. 
Stephen Peele, June 25. 
Joana Norton, Julie 7. 
Edythe Corker, August 14. 
John Eshe, Octob 16. 



[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1588. 



Jane Medope, Novemb. 4. 
Elizabethe Wormall, Noveb, 
Alice Grene, Deceb. 80. 
Will'm Walker, Februa 4. 
Jennet Huntingden, Februa 21 
Margret Folds, Februa 28. 



Elizabethe Austwicke, Oct. 27. 
Alice Briggs, November 29. 
Elizabeth Thacker, Noveb. 29. 
Edward Jen kin son, Jan. 22. 
Emmat Huntingden, Jan. 25. 
William Medope, Februarie 28. 
Robert Jackson, Februarie 25. 
John Parke, Februarie 25. 



Elizabethe Farrand, October 29, Anne Pearson, Marche 11. 

Burials. 



Thomas Corker, Februarie 27. 
Lionell Brooke, Aprill 2. 
Lionell Corker, Aprill 7. 
Jennet Austwicke, Aprill 14. 
Betteris Padget, June 11. 
Robert Padget, June 14. 
WilTm Wormall, Julie 8. 
Alia Trough ton, August 5. 
John Foores (?), August 7. 



Richard Rawson, August 20. 
George Austwicke, Septeb. 12. 
Anne Dobson, Septemb. 18. 
Margret Fricklaye, Septeb. 18. 
Jennet Norton, Septeb. 14. 
Margret Beverlaye, Decemb. 16 
Jennet Colbres, February 1. 
Robert Hinchcliffe, February 28 
John Mason, Marche 25. 



John Shillito, Marche 28. 
Anne Becket, Marche 28. 
Jane Wright, Aprill 2. 
Thomas Scholaye, Aprill 5. 

Will'm Hawksworthe, 

George Wormall, June 8. 
Betteris Whiticars, August 14 
Will'm Jenkinson, Septeb. 18. 



[No Marriages recorded.] 
Baptisms, 1584. 



Robert Walker, Aprill 2 
Jane Wright, Aprill 8. 
Nicholas Chatburne, Aprill 19 
John Hall, Maye 6. 
Bobert Bushell, Februa 22. 

[No Marriages recorded.] 



Elizabeth Aspiner, Septeb. 80. 
Will'm Eshe, November 2. 
Elizabethe Windebanke, Nov. 

27. 
Alice Izat, November 29. 
Henrie Prince, December 6. 
Robert Roberts, December 28. 
Margret Clapam, Februa 14. 
Bubialls. 

Anne Dodgson, Februa 28. 
Jane Shawe, Marche 8. 
Edward Kaye, Marche 21. 
Richard Paalaye, Marche 25. 



118 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Baptisms, 1565. 
Simon Back, Hector. ABp. York, Patron. January, 1585. 
John and Elizabeth Grenfeld, Leonard Thacker, August 2. 

Aprill 8. I Grace Walker, August 6. 

Katheryne Medope, Aprill 18. ' Allan Corker, August 18. 
Jennet Horncastall, Aprill 20. ' Will'm Smythe, Septemb 8. 
Leonard Spencer, Maye 2. j Robert Bell, August 22. 
Jennet Dobson, Maye 7. ! Alice Hawet, Novemb 28. 

Anne Wilson, Maye 9. John Austwicke, Janua 22. 

Isabell Wood, June 28. s Isabell Broadlaye, Janua 81. 

Prudence Halilaye, Julie 8. 

Mabriaoes. 
Bobert Bidgnall and Isabell Heaton, November 9. 
Will'm Bawson and Isabell Franke, December 7. 
Will'm Peter and Alice Somerscales, December 7. 
John Bawling and Ursula Wetherhead, December 12. 
[No Burials recorded.] 

Baptisms, 1586. 



George Grenfeld, Marche 20. 
Marye Grene, Marche 25. 
Jo. & Will'm Paslaye, Aprill 5, 
Thomas Eshe, Aprill 16. 
Will'm Pickeringe, Aprill 29. 
Emmat Grenfeld, Maye 2. 
Anne Hawks worth, Maye 22. 
Isabell Parkinson, Maye 29. 



Alice Aspiner, July 21. 
Robert Hawet, Octob 22. 
Thomas Bidiall, Septemb 24. 
Elizabeth Padget, Noveb. 29. 
Anne Bawson, Januar 18. 
Dorithye Bawlin, Januar 21. 
Mary Lethall, Marche 19. 



Reptile Symbolism. — In the Church of Bainton, East York- 
shire, there is a recumbent effigy of a cross-legged knight (said 
to be Peter cle Mauley) of 18th Century date. A Lizard bites 
the point of his Shield, and a toad covers the point of the 
Sword, its head being towards the hilt. How are we to account 
for these reptiles in this position and what is their signification ? 
They have no apparent connection with the Armorial bearings 
of the Knight. Gough (in his Sepulchral Monuments) states 
that these reptiles in such a position are not uncommon in this 
country. R. H. Barker. 

Hull, 18th October, 1886. 



Muster Bolls. — Surtees informs us that the Earl of Hunt- 
ington, Augt. 12, 1588, assembled all of the County of Durham, 
between 16 and 60 years of age capable of bearing arms, at 
Spennymoor, — 9000. Can any of your antiquarian readers 
inform us whether these musters are preserved by name. Those 
of Yorkshire, temp. Hen. 8, must have been, as they are drawn 
upon by General Plantagenet Harrison for genealogical pur- 
poses. T. Y. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 119 

©ttr Ijorkslpr* foitrrs. 

While giving the writer of the article on Leeds Pottery every 
credit for its production, and adding my own modest testimony 
to the value of such researches as illustrate the origin and 
growth of important branches of manufacture, more especially 
such a one as that of china and pottery, which is so closely 
allied to the fine arts, and enters so largely into the comfort 
and beauty of our domestic lives, still I am sure it is not his 
wish that any wrong impressions should be produced on the 
subject by incorrect statements or questionable inferences. 
Quoting from " Thoresby," he says, "that Mr. Place discovered 
an earth for and a method of making porcelain, which he put 
in practice at the Manor House of York." What may have 
been Mr. Place's discovery, or what experiments he may have 
carried on for the making of porcelain or china, i.e., semi- 
transparent ware, partaking of the qualities of both glass and 
pottery, I know not ; but most certainly no evidence has yet 
been found that he ever did make any such ware, either as 
specimens or for merchandise ; that which he produced being, 
so far as is known, " perfectly opaque, and not superior to the 
common earthenware," made some years later. 

Mr. Preston seems also not to have made it quite clear when 
quoting Thoresby's reference to the Wortley clays, and also to 
Houghton's testimony as to the capabilities of some English 
clays for this and other special purposes, that he (Thoresby) is 
only bringing in Houghton for this end, and not in any way as 
a witness in favour of Place as a maker of chinaware. All that 
Houghton says on the subject refers to day found at Poole, in 
Dorset, which was conveyed thence to London for manipulation 
by the potters of the metropolis. (See below.) Further, 
although China goods were imported into this country from the 
first half of the sixteenth century, and were eagerly sought 
after by those who could afford to buy them, still it is not 
known that any of that fictile ware was made here before the 
opening of the eighteenth century ; in fact, the great weight of 
evidence is against such an assumption. For though D wight, 
of Fulham, patented his discovery of "the mystery of trans- 
parent earthenware," in April, 1671, he does not appear ever 
to have produced it as a marketable commodity; the great risk 
and uncertainty of firing, &c, and, possibly, an imperfect 
knowledge of " the mystery," preventing him from completing 
what he had begun ; or, perhaps, it might be that he could not 
produce it at a price to compete with the Oriental importations, 
as Houghton further tells us that the clay above referred to as 
brought to London for the manufacture of " the best sort of 
mugs, was, he had been told by Dwight, the same as chinaware 
was made of," and that, if it were worth while we may make 



120 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

as good china here as any in the world." Again he says, so 
late as- 1695, " Tis a curious manufacture, and deserves to be 
encouraged here, which, without doubt, many would do, as Mr. 
Dwight, of Fulham, has done*it, and can do it again on any- 
thing that is flat. ... By my consent, the man that would 
bring it to perfection should have for his encouragement One 
Thousand Pounds from the Publick, though I helped to pay a 
tax towards it." 

As to Chelsea, Jewitt says, in his " Ceramic Art," vol. 1, p. 
168, that " the history of the Chelsea china works is -very 
obscure." It is certain, however, that previous to the year 
1700 the goods made at these works were principally delft ware, 
by Dutchmen brought from Holland for that purpose. It is 
sometimes said that the Dutch potters were at this time ac- 
quainted with the process of making porcelain, and if so, it 
might not be improbable that they brought this practical know- 
ledge with them not only to Chelsea, but also to Bow and 
Bristol, where they appear likewise to have been employed. 
One thing is certain of Chelsea, and probably -also of the other 
places mentioned, it was early occupied in painting china 
brought from the East for that purpose, and that by the middle 
of last century they were all actively engaged in its manufacture, 
servilely imitating, in the first period, the Oriental paste and 
style of decorations. 

At this time also, 1751, Dr. Wall, of Worcester, medical 
practitioner, chemist, and artist, brought his experiments to 
perfection, and established a company for the manufacture of 
china in that city. The works at Derby were also started a 
year or two prior to the above date, and were carried on in 1756 
by the firm of Dewsberry, Planche, and Co., " partners together 
as well in ye art of making English china, as also in buying 
and selling all sorts of wares belonging to ye art of making 
china." A few years later the Old Chelsea works were incor- 
porated with those of Derby, the distinctive marks of the two 
being compounded into one. Dr. Johnson and his friend Bozzy 
visited Derby in 1777, and the latter in writing of the occasion 
says — "The china was beautiful; but Dr. Johnson justly ob- 
served it was too dear ; for that he could have vessels of silver 
of the same size as cheap as what were here made of porcelain." 
So that after all that is said about the so-called extravagant 
prices sometimes paid for specimens of these early productions, 
they do not often exceed their first cost. From this brief sketch 
it would appear that Dwight (or Dowoit) of Fulham, knew how 
to make china in 1671 ; yet it is not likely he ever did make it 
for sale ; that it was made at Chelsea and Bow at the opening 
of the last century, and possibly at the first place somewhat 
sooner, for exceedingly little is known about it; that from 1750 
it was made in considerable quantities at all the places 



YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 121 

mentioned, as also at a few others. Yorkshire, therefore, I 
fear, can lay no claim, either by Place of York or any one else, 
to the invention, nor the early production of this delicate and 
beautiful ware ; nor was it ever introduced into the capital city 
until 1888, when it was advertised that " Mr. Hirstwood, of 
Stonegate, erected a kiln and extensive warehouse in the Groves, 
for the manufacture, gilding, and burnishing china, which has 
not previously been attempted in this city." 

The " Leeds Pottery Works" are situate in Jack-lane, Huns- 
let, where they are of considerable extent, covering altogether 
about seven acres of land. During the century and a quarter 
of their existence, they have passed through many vicissitudes 
of changing fortune, rising rapidly to a state of eminence and 
prosperity, from which they gradually declined ; got involved 
in the meshes of Chancery law ; were rescued ; recovered some 
measure of their former success; declined again, and were 
bankrupt; continued a feeble struggle for a few years, and 
finally passed into hands by whose energy they recovered a 
large degree of their original vitality. It is generally supposed 
that pottery has been made in and about Leeds from a very 
early period, the Wortley clay having been used for that purpose 
for many generations, and possibly centuries past. The town- 
ship of Potternewton, also on the north side of Leeds, although 
it may have a personal and not a craft origin, is yet suggestive 
in connection with this question. The early wares were, how- 
ever, of a coarse and primitive character. The first clue which 
we get to the comparatively modern history of these works is 
furnished by Jewitt (Vol. 1, p. 467), where he says, " Before 
this time (the middle of the last century), a kind of Delft ware 
was made, and I have seen some very creditable copies of 
Oriental patterns with salt glaze also produced at these works." 
But the famous Josiah Wedgwood in 1762 commenced to make 
his celebrated "cream ware," afterwards called, when patronised 
by Queen Charlotte, " Queen's Ware," and the wonderful favour 
with which it was received induced other potters, and the Leeds 
makers especially, to give their attention at once to its produc- 
tion. This was done with such success at Leeds as to rival, 
and in many cases exceed the works of the " great master " ; 
notably in the wicker baskets, which are often exquisite speci- 
mens of light and graceful manipulation ; while in the more 
ornamental pieces, such as centre-pieces, candelabra, tureens, 
bowls, Ac, the perforated work — which was all done with a 
punch or a small knife — and the modelling are all that could 
be desired in form and beauty. The late lamented Mr. Lyndon 
Smith owned a ohoice collection of these wares, some of which 
he considered so fine as to "vie in artistic feeling with the 
productions of Wedgwood." Indeed, the race at this time was 
so close between these two noted manufactories, that it is 



122 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

scarcely possible to say, in reference to many of the common 
patterns, which originated them, or which copied from the 
other. 

Mr. Preston says — " This ware — i.e., the cream ware — " bears 
considerable resemblance in the paste to the Staffordshire 
Queen's ware, but differs in the colour of the glaze, which is of 
a mellower kind." Now, I may be wrong, but I have always 
regarded the glaze generally used as being colourless, and the 
"tint" to belong to the paste or body of the article; still, 
however that may be, there certainly is no fixed tone or tint in 
either the Leeds or Staffordshire " cream " ware, the shades 
varying from a pale, creamy white to a deep cane or decided 
yellow colour. In fact, Wedgwood was obliged to tell his Lon- 
don agent, as Miss Meteyard informs us, that while he strove 
to keep it as pale as possible, yet it could not always be done, 
and that "it is impossible that any one colour, even though it 
were to come down from heaven, should please every taste/' 
Neither can I see how " the perforated or pierced work " can 
be said to be characteristic of the Leeds ware. For although a 
very large quantity of that ware was made at Leeds, yet they 
must have produced a vastly greater amount of that which was 
plain in cream, blue, and other colours of printed and painted 
goods ; while those pierced wares were made to an equal extent 
by Wedgwood, and largely also by Davenport, Spode, Neale, 
Gric, and other makers. I know it is common for dealers who 
have any of this special ware without mark to ascribe it at once 
to Leeds — and this speaks loudly in favour of our local produc- 
tions ; but collectors have to learn to discriminate, and it is 
for their guidance I write, as I but rarely find that dealers have 
much technical knowledge of the several varieties of their 
fictile stocks. Neither does my limited experience confirm the 
statement of Mr. Preston, that " mottoes and rhymes are of 
frequent occurrence on the Leeds wares," at least on those of 
the early and middle periods. As to his assertion that china 
was made at these works, I do not know in what capacity the 
friend to whom he refers was employed, or what were his facili- 
ties for getting correct information on the subject ; but I fancy 
his idea, at the time, of china must have been akin to Thoresby's 
of the York porcelain, as it is certainly a new idea for collectors, 
and, if correct, Mr. Preston has without doubt " struck ile," 
and very high prices would be given by some for specimens for 
their cabinets. Jewitt, than whom no one has more fully in- 
quired into the history of these works, says " that china was 
never made there, I am fully convinced." 

I am astonished Mr. Preston should affirm that ' a marked 
specimens of Leeds ware are seldom met with." My own 
collection is but very limited, and yet I could show him a con- 
siderable number of marked pieces. Truly, a great deal was 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 128 

made there without being marked, the bulk of it being sent to 
the foreign markets, from whence some of the finest specimens 
in the hands of collectors have been recovered ; yet the marks 
are so far from being rare/ that there is but little difficulty in 
constantly finding them. As to the marks, that novices may 
not be at fault in seeking to acquire specimens, I regret again 
to have to demur to Mr. Preston's statements. He says — 
" Other examples are ' L. P.' (Leeds Pottery), and ' L. P. C 
(Leeds Pottery Company). The letters ' O. and G.,' surmounted 
by a crown, « C. G.' (Charles Green), and * C. G.,' with ' W.' 
underneath, are now considered as early marks." Now, Mar- 
ryatt states in his " Ceramic Art " that Mr. Edward Hailstone, 
who owns a fine collection of this ware, and notably an elaborate 
fountain, made special enquiries of old workpeople in reference 
to the marks, with the result that he could not learn any other 
marks were used but those of " Hartley, Green, and Co., Leeds 
Pottery," and " Leeds Pottery " only. Jewitt also says he is 
" convinced that the * C. G.' and the ' C. G.' with « W.' under- 
neath, do not belong to Leeds, and there never was a C. Green 
connected with the firm." I find of the family of Greens, 
Joshua, John, Saville, and Ebenezer, but not one with the 
initial ' C ; and even were it so, how is the * W.' accounted 
for? Mr. Preston also says, " The horse-shoe is another mark 
found impressed on the Leeds ware." This also is misleading, 
as there is no such mark. What be means, I presume, is that 
on some pieces the full name and address, as above, is placed 
in a double-tiered arch of capital letters, the name of the firm 
forming the outer and the address the inner tier of the arch. 
Generally, it seems a pity that, having brought this ware to 
such perfection, and opened for it good markets in France, 
Germany, Russia, &c, it should, for want of sustained enter- 
prise and a liberal spirit, be allowed to slip away into other 
districts and countries. When at its prime the turnover was 
not less than £80,000 per year, and the wages paid more than 
one-fourth of that sum, besides between £2,000 and £8,000 for 
coals obtained from the Middleton pits. One of the chief causes 
of this decline appears to me to be the fact that, although the 
paste and the modelling are in general most excellent, yet the 
colouring when the brush was used, is almost invariably of the 
crudest character; and when figure or flower subjects are 
attempted, not only crude, but in many cases positively 
ludicrous. There are several valuable collections of these pro- 
ductions of our town in the immediate neighbourhood, and it is 
to be hoped they may not be scattered all over the country, as 
were those by a recent great sale in the town. 

J. T. Beer, Fulneok. 



124 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

(Bxtintt ®0ttgr*0att0ttal Colics. 

The Ejected Clergy of 1662 were men of more than average 
culture for those times, though, it should be said, the range of 
studies was somewhat limited, extending to little beyond 
Theology, Latin, Greek, and a smattering of Hebrew. Their 
ability in dividing and subdividing a text, so as to extend into 
a sermon of several hours 1 length, nay, into several such ser- 
mons, is well known ; and the aptitude with which the texts 
were selected denotes a thorough acquaintance with almost 
every verse in the Bible. Nor were they content, though 
excluded from the Universities, by imposed oaths, that their 
sons and suocessors should be in anywise sufferers owing to 
this lack of opportunities. Amongst their number were some 
who were eminently qualified to supply the requirements, and 
whilst the majority still continued, with great acceptance, their 
pulpit labours, others entered the houses of the gentry, as 
chaplains and private tutors, and a few established themselves 
as school-masters. 

Mr. Heywood sent his two sons in 1678, to the Rev. Mr. 
Hickman's Academy at Dusthorpe, near Bromsgrove, in War- 
wickshire. Mr. Bichardson, of Eirkheaton, and Mr. Cotton, a 
Yorkshire layman, also sent their sons to Mr. Hiokman at the 
same time, with the intention of training them for the ministry. 
Mr. Hickman was a B.D., and celebrated Oxford preacher 
(Hunter' 8 " Heywood/ 1 p. 258). It is rather remarkable they 
were sent so far from home, as the Bev. Richard Frankland, 
representative of the Craven family at Bathmel, had gathered 
a school before 1670. He was educated at Cambridge, and was 
selected as one of the professors for Cromwell's University at 
Durham. His frequent removals, caused by violent persecu- 
tions, especially about 1678, were probably the cause that led 
to sending the youths to Mr. Hickman. They had not, however, 
a long term in Warwickshire, for they were removed to the care 
of Mr. Frankland in less than a year. (Aocounts of Mr. 
Frankland may be found in Calamy ; the various Histories of 
Protestant Dissenters; Hunter's "Heywood," pp. 242, 811, 
822, 898, 896, 426: Halley's "Lancashire Nonconformity," pp. 
418-9; Miall's " Congregational Yorkshire," pp. 87, 120-1; and 
a list of his pupils, with biographical notes, in Vols. H. and 
IV. of " Heywood's Diaries.") Mr. Heywood's sons had pre- 
viously been under the tuition of Mr. David Noble, a Noncon- 
formist preacher at Morley, and a talented author. 

The Bev. Timothy Joilie, one of Mr. Frankland's pupils, 
established an Academy at Attercliffe, about 1687, after Mr. 
Frankland, who had temporarily resided there, had returned to 
Bathmel. (See Hunter, p. 426 ; Halley, pp. 419-421 ; Miall, 
pp. 121-2.) The Bev. John Wadsworth succeeded Mr. Joilie, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 125 

who died in 1714. The Academy dwindled, and became extinct 
in Mr. Wadsworth's time. He died in 1744 or 5. 

On Mr. Frankland'8 death in 1698, his Academy was con- 
tinned by Mr. Chorlton at Manchester, some of whose students- 
are recorded by Mr. Hey wood (Diary, Vol. II). Mr. Chorlton 
was assisted by Mr. Cunningham, who was also his successor, 
but "incompetent to sustain its reputation, he brought the 
Academy to an untimely and not very honourable end." Mr. 
Chorlton died in May, 1705. ( Northowram Register . See 
Halley, p. 421.) 

The Rev. James Owen received theological students at 
Oswestry, and subsequently at Shrewsbury, where he died in 
1706, and was succeeded by Dr. Benyon. A Dr. Dickson had 
conducted a flourishing Academy at Whitehaven, which was 
continued by the Rev. Caleb Rotherham, D.D., at Kendal, until 
his death in 1752. 

The Warrington Academy was established in 1757, with Dr. 
Taylor as its Principal, and the institution still survives, having 
been removed to Manchester, from thence to York, and again 
to Manchester. (Hunter, p. 427 ; Halley, pp. 490, 501.) 

In 1754 another Academy of some repute, kept by Dr. E. 
Latham at Findern, near Derby, as successor to a Mr. Hill, 
was closed ; and Daventry Academy had ceased to be private 
property under the Independents, through the support of Mr. 
Coward's trustees. The celebrated Dr. Joseph Priestley, who 
was born at Field-head in Birstall in 1788, chose Daventry 
Academy under Dr. Ashworth, successor to Dr. Doddridge, in 
preference to the "more orthodox" Academy at Mile End, 
London, and was urged thereto by the Rev. J. Kirkby, the aged 
minister at Heckmondwike. 

Though probably Arian, Mr. Kirkby joined his people in 
inviting the Rev. James Scott, .to become assistant-minister at 
Heckmondwike, to which invitation he acceded, after sixteen 
months' deliberation, in January, 1754. Mr. Kirkby died the 
following month. Mr. Scott was a native of Berwickshire, and 
was born in 1710. He entered Edinburgh University in 1726. 
For some years he was a private tutor. He was minister of 
Stain ton in 1789, Horton -in-Craven 1741, (being ordained there 
in May of that year,) Tockholes in 1751, removing thence to 
Heckmondwike. Mr. Scales mentions a manuscript life of Mr. 
Scott, which it is hoped is still preserved, but I am sorry I do 
not know what has become of it. I have his portrait, and also 
his funeral sermon, preached by the Rev. Jonathan Toothill. 
Long notices of Mr. Scott appear in it; also in Cockin's 
Memoirs, in the Evang. Mag. for 1814, and the denominational 
Magazines. The Rev. Edward Hit chin, of White-row, London, 
who had relatives in Heckmondwike, had frequent conversations 
with Mr. Scott on the prevailing declensions from orthodoxy,. 



126 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



which resulted in the formation in London, May 24, 1756, of 
" The Northern Education Society," for the purpose " of dis- 
pelling the cloud of Socinian darkness then spreading over the 
northern counties." It was resolved to establish and maintain 
an Academy in the North of England, and Mr. Scott 



was 




invited to accept the tutorship. The Church at Heckmondwike 
agreed to his engagement, and he commenced duties the same 
year. Warrington Academy, promoted by the " heterodox," 
was founded the following year, as previously stated. Mr. 
Scott is said to have resided at Mill-bridge at first, but probably 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



127 



early removed to Southfield, near Norristkorpe, where he had 
a fairly capacious house, with the Academy a few yards in front 
at right angles, a view of which is here given. In this building 
about seventy students were educated, a list of whom will be 
found in "Nonconformity in Idle, and History of Airedale College" 

On the death of Mr. Scott, ten students, then in residence, 
were transferred to the Rev. Samuel Walker, of Northowram, 
who, from 1788 to 1795, had twenty-four others under his 
charge, including the Rev. William Vint, who carried on the 
Academy at Idle, until the magnificent Airedale College at 
Dndercliffe was erected. Rotherham College may also be 
regarded as a twin sister to Idle. 

We have pleasure in adding a portrait of Mr. Scott, by favour 
of the Rev. B. Nightingale. There is an oil painting of him at 
Rotherham College. Mr. Scott died at Heckmondwike, Jan. 
11th, 1788, twenty years after the death of his wife. 




In drawing this brief and hurried sketch of the extinct theo- 
logical training Academies to a close, I will give publicity for 
the first time to a characteristic letter that cannot fail to interest 
the Congregationalists of Halifax, as it refers to one who became 
a more than Halifax worthy — the Rev. Joseph Cockin. 



128 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Southfield, Feb. 6, 1777. 

To the Kippin Congregation meeting at Thornton. 

Dear Friends, As I have been acquainted with you for 
several years & have always had a good opinion of you, as 
serious people in general, lovers of Jesus Christ & his Gospell, 
& as you are now comfortably united together & have joyned 
together in giving a Call to Mr. Cockin to be your Pastor, I 
would give you some advice in order to his answering the Call. 

There are many even serious people who do not consider the 
necessities of a minister with respect to temporal things. Those 
who have a farm & a trade have necessaries from their farm 
every day, and not only wages but profit from trade frequently, 
so that they know little of the expenses of Housekeeping. 
Diligent working families whose hands are their estate, gain 
more a year than perhaps they imagine, they are receiving 
wages weekly, neither do they observe how much goes to sup- 
port their poor families. They (viz. people in general) think 
that a Minister with his family may live very plentifully and 
clothe decently with about 40 Pounds a year. But a considerate 
person will see this to be a mistake. 

Another thing I would suggest, That many think that what 
is given to a minister is a free gift, so that they may give or 
not give according to their pleasure. This is also a very great 
mistake. Indeed it is a gift among Dissenters with respect to 
the laws of the Nation but not with respect to the laws of God. 
Those who ministered in holy things had always a portion for 
their due. Melchizedek had the tenth of the spoils from Abram ; 
Egyptian Priests had their portion. The Lord commanded the 
tribe of Levi, tho much inferior in number to any of the 12 
Tribes, to have the tenth of all the fruits of the land, besides a 
part of many of the sacrifices. Christ, sending his disciples to 
Preach, commanded them to make no provision for their Journey, 
adding this reason — For the workman is worthy of his meat, 
he hath ordained that they which preach the Gospel should 
live of the Gospel, 1 Cor. 9, 7 to 15. And let him that is taught 
in the word communicate to him that teacheth in all good 
things. Gal. 6. 6. A comfortable support is their due. If any 
say, What is due to a Minister? I answer; Such a part of your 
Substance according to your ability as you incline to devote to 
God's glory & the support of the Gospel among you. My ad- 
vice then is that you make a subscription. Let every one 
propose what he is able and willing to give a quarter, let the 
names and sums be written in a book & the Collection be made 
accordingly. This is a necessary part of duty. For people 
ought to give according as God hath prospered them. All 
young people, man & woman, who are gaining wages should 
subscribe something. Who is it that does not spend time or 
money needlessly to the value of I2d. in three months? I want 



Y0RK8HIKE NOTES AND QUERIES. 129 

no superfluities for ministers but a decent support to free them 
from fear of want, & that they may give themselves wholly to 
the duties of their office, and may have some certainty for 
supplies. I never proposed anything of this nature on my own 
account, but if I had been in the condition of many, a numerous 
family & no other helps, I would have found the necessity of it. 
This with my love to you all, desiring you may be guided into 
all Truth & duty from 

Your affectionate friend and servt. in the Lord, 

JAMES SCOTT. 
On glancing over this brief sketch I find I have omitted all 
mention of Lady Hewley (Hunter's Heytcood, p. 427, MialTs 
Congregationalism, p. 117); of Mr. Stretton (Miall, p. 97); of 
Dr. Williams (Hunter, p. 425) ; who deserve the highest 
encomiums for their munificence to the Students and Academies 
of former and present times. I have not referred to the odious 
Acts intended to crush out Nonconformity by aiming blows at 
the Academies (see Miall, pp. 119, 125, 126); nor to the 
establishment and encouragement of many Village Schools, 
Northowram amongst the number, by the ejected clergy. The 
Congregational Year Booh for 1851, and one of our West Hiding 
Congregational Recfisters (about 1855,) contain historical articles 
bearing on the subject. T. 

o 

Note. — See AckwoHh Registers on page 115, — 

" No Marriages in 1579." 

The reason why no. marriages hare been recorded for six consecutive years 

cannot be conjectured. There mnst have been marriages, but they are not 

found in any other Registers. If not, the number of baptisms points to 

illegitimacy, although one child only is branded as " a bastard."— J.L.S. 

[1 have found abundant proof that the Registers were generally • posted up' 
annually from rough mem-books ; and have at several places found whole 
yean missing. — Ed.] 



A SKETCH OF 1648.* 

By T. Tindall Wildridge. 
Placid lay the Humber beneath the silvery beams of the July 
moon. With her turreted walls rising from the shimmering 
flood, Hull, like a sea-queen at rest, surveyed her ancient 
domain. In the embrasures watch-fires reddened and glowed 
in vivid contrast to the pale light without, and the tramp of 
heavily-armed men, and the occasional clanking ring of halberd 
or sword-scabbard on the ramparts, told that the guardians of 
the town slept not at their posts. Twinkling lights here and 
there, on both the northern and southern coasts of the river- 
sea, spoke too of watch and ward, while upon its tranquil 

* From Andrews' Hull Annual, with our own illustration. 
T.N.Q. I 



180 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

• 
bosom floated many a high-prowed ship, with its soft-stepping 
sailors alert. The night was full of watchfulness ; ears and 
eyes seemed to be on every side, waiting but for the whisper of 
Suspicion to rouse the clarion throat of Alarm. 

What fires, what lights, were these— what need of that 
vigilance, that waiting for the morrow, which seemed detained 
by the very anxiety that expected it ? 

The fires were the fires of Patriotism, the lights those of 
Liberty, and the need was that of vigilance against an enemy 
who would destroy both, and might sweep down any moment 
to the rescue of a traitor ! 

A dire conspiracy had been discovered, a treachery unearthed. 
The Town of Hull, the key of Yorkshire and the Magazine of 
the North, had long held firm to the Parliament, and the 
majority of the townsmen stood to the neck in responsibility 
for the first decisive events of the Civil War. Their swords 
had been drawn and their purses upturned to maintain the 
cause. .Their fruitful fields had been converted into wide 
lagoons, their argosies ventured and often lost, and no man 
held his life dear if he might at its risk serve the Parliament 
and the People. 

With what horror then was it found that the Governor of the 
Town, one of the " obstinate Northern men," who, in the im- 
patient Parliaments of Charles, had long held to liberty, 
meditated delivering them all over into the power of the 
adversary. 

But the plot was in vain. Upon this night, in the cabin of 
that grim warship, whose sturdy bulk warranted the name of 
Hercules, sits with bowed head and uncertain thoughts the 
baffled Hotham, lately so imperious and tyrannical. The waters 
of the Humber Sea lap gently against the vessel's oaken sides, 
and to Sir John, in the silence of his captivity, the waves have 
the hushed waiting sound of a bated breath. Had he but 
known it, this was the last time he was to hear it. Full of 
agitation he seized a pen and wrote a stammering letter to 
those upon whom he had so lately trampled. This letter, now 
preserved among the Town's Eeoords, shows how his heart 
refused to hear the voioe of fate, and how his vacillating spirit 
for another time swung to the point of courage and left him 
brave. He wrote for wife, children, money and clothes, to be 
sent to him, commencing : " Sirs,— This unfortunate business, 
which I doubt not but you have done out of your good affections 
to the Parliament, I hope God in his mercy will turn to the 
good of all." And again : " I heare you have dealt like gentle- 
men with my wife, for which I may live to thank you." 

This subjunctive form of expression, here a mere figure of 
speech, was too prophetic. He may have thanked them, but 
his life for the brief span of its continuance was poor in all 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



181 



save barren words, whether of thanks or imprecation. For 
the Hercules was to be but a step to the Tower, and the Tower 
to the Scaffold. He entered the Hercules a prisoner on the 29th 
June, 1648, and was beheaded on the 2nd January, 1644-5. 







SIR JOHN HOTHAM. 



182 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



York Mint. — In England we had formerly many places 
favoured with the privilege of having a mint. So late as the 
reign of William III., it was found convenient, at the calling 
in of the light and base money to be recoined, to erect mints 
at London, York, Bristol, Chester, Exeter, and Norwich, the 
initial letter of those names being struck on their respective 
products. The accompanying cuts represent earlier specimens 
of York coinage. No. 1 is Edward the Sixth's silver crown- 
piece. It has the King's figure at length on horse-back, in 
armour, crowned, and holding a drawn sword to his breast, as 
he himself expresses it in his Diary. The horse is dressed in 
large embroidered trappings, with a plume of feathers on its 
head, and the date 1551 under it. The circumscription reads : 
Edward VI., D. G. Agl. Fba. Z. Hibr. Bex. On the reverse : 
Posvi. Devm. A Divtor. E. Mdv. Y. 




No. 2 is a shilling of King Edward Vis., with the King's 
bust full faced, crowned, and in his parliamentary robes, with 
a chain of the Order of the Garter. On one side of the head is 
a large double rose, and on the other XII (pence), with this 
legend. Edward : VI : D : G : Agl : Fra : Z : Hib : Rex. Y : 
This is said to have been the first and only English coin bear- 
ing the Collar of the Garter. 

No. 8 is the half-sovereign of the same King. It has the 
king's bust in armour, crowned, and labelled : Edward VI : D : 
G : Agl : Fra : Z : Hib : Rex. Y. The reverse bears the arms 
in an oval shield, garnished and crowned : Scvtvm : Fidbi : 
Proteoit : Evm. 



•%*,'!** 



*'*%%■ 






* '■':-'." 






i 



jStf 






^- 






i 



Vfe 



*f 



gpm« 



iK* 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



188 



No. 4 is a base shilling of Edward VTs., bearing the York 
Mint mark Y, the head in profile crowned; with a legend 
Edwabd : VI. D : G : Agl : Pba : Z : Hra : Bex : Y : 

Perhaps some other of your numismatic readers will supply 
other Yorkshire examples. U.M. 

Mr. J. Verity, of Earlsheaton, whose extensive collection of 
coins of all descriptions is well known, has kindly forwarded 
blocks representing the Pontefract Siege Shilling. 





His sixth catalogue gives a copy of Edward VPs Sixpence 
from the York Mint. Edwabd : VI : D : G : Agl : Fba : Z : 
Hibeb : Rex : Y. Bust, front face, crowned, with Bose and 
VI. Posvi Dev : A DifTORE Mev. Y. ; cross, bearing shield.; i 

He has also Charles I's half-crowns, shillings, sixpences, 
threepences of York Mint, and a Pontefract shilling of lozenge 
shape ; obv. front of castle, with XII to the right, P above, C 
beneath, Obs to the left. William III had Half-crowns struck 
at York mint. 

The Universal Magazine for April, 1756, mentions a Ponte- 
fract half-crown, lozenge shape, with C. B., a crown, XXX, 
Dux Spibo Spebo. Beverse, the castle, and a hand out of one 
of the towers holding a drawn sword, Obs. P.O., 1648. A copy 
of the shilling is given but differs from the above cut in having 
no hand with drawn sword, but P. XII. C. in the place thereof, 
and no P. C. above the tower. 



Dorksljitt tSKaterfaiis anb (Kaiws. 

Scalebeb Fobce, as will be seen from the accompanying 
illustration, (see frontispiece,) is a charming bit of scenery. It 
is about a mile and a half from Settle on the Malham road, 
which the Scaleber beck crosses. The Hattermire or Atter- 
myre Cliffs, great castle-like walls of limestone, with ledges 
running across, form a magnificent picture. A cave in the 
bee of this amphitheatre was known to the Bomans, some of 
their implements having been found in it. This cave was dis- 
covered by a dog belonging to Mr. Jackson, of Settle, and 
named the Victoria Cave. Explorations have taken place for 
a great many years, and science has been greatly benefitted by 
the results. (West Yorkshire, Davis and Lees.) The Botanist 



184 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



and Entomologist will find choice specimens here, and the 
Artist will not fail to carry away the remembrance of these 
rent and fissured rocks. 

Thornton Fokce. — For many years, Mr. Joseph Carr, of 
Ingleton, has been writing in newspapers and pamphlet on the 
beauties of Ingleton. His efforts are just beginning to succeed, 
and few will visit that delightful retreat without being grateful 
to him for his persistency. More enchanting scenery, within a 
day's ramble, can scarcely (I was writing cannot) be found in 
England. Every year will see even larger numbers flock to 
this unexcelled attraction. Ingieton Church has just been 
rebuilt, but the Norman Font is well worth seeing, and the 




Thornton Force. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 135 

fortified position of the Church is worthy of note. Passing 
oyer the two grains of the Greta (the Dale and Doe becks,) the 
visitor turns up the Doe valley, and meets with a succession of 
surprises. His first surprise is that he has to pay 2d. ; at the 
dose of the day his surprise is that the charge is so small. 
Swilla Bottom, Fecca Falls, Thornton Force, Ravenwray, 
Twiselton Scars, Beezley Falls in the Dale or Greta valley, 
Backstone Gill Hole, Yew Tree Gorge, Slate Quarries, and 
Ingleborough mountain, successively demand attention. 

Thornton Force is a waterfall of sixty feet, poured from a 
ledge of limestone over a breast of slate. The surrounding 
shrubbery of the dale adds to the beauty, and the heavy, 
mountainous background gives the whole a romantic appear- 
ance. You may safely walk on the ledge behind the cascade, 
and gain the full power of the thundering cataract. Below is 
the dark pool, beyond which is a little gem island ; the resound- 
ing rock over head threatens to crush you, the seething waters 
roar out protests against your intrusion. You are quite safe, 
but yon feel safer when you return. 

Four miles from Ingleton, on the Hawes road, is Weather- 
cote, the finest of Ingleton's waterfalls, one which has engaged 
the pencil of J. M. W. Turner. On the road to it call at 
Easegill Force. Passing God's bridge, over the Dale beck, 
near Chapel le Dale you reach Weathercote cave, for which 
you require a guide, and the marvellous Fall, 75 feet, unde- 
scribable by pen or pencil, soon makes you awe-stricken, 
(jingle pot, a chasm of fifty feet, reckoning from the precipice, 
is a couple of hundred yards away ; and Hurtle Pot, over thirty 
yards in diameter, is near the Chapel. The gurgling of the 
water in this deep pool, after heavy rain, has given the rustics 
the idea of Hurtle Pot Boggart. After heavy floods these pots 
boil over with great violence. 

Easegill Fobce is formed by the Jenkin beck, (a tributary of 
the Lane,) which rises on the south side of Ingleborough, and 
at Easegill falls from a height of thirty or forty feet "over a 
hollow rock, and then dashes on to a sloping rock beneath a 
natural bridge, with a span of about twelve feet. This bridge, 
which is elevated about six yards above the bed of the stream, 
is thirteen feet below the point where the water begins to fall. 
The rocks rise on each side of the opening to a considerable 
height, and are partly clad with ivy, ferns, and lichens, and 
trees grow here and there on the ledges and out of the crevices. 
There is an easy path on the right, as you look at the fall, 
which leads to the top of the bridge, whence you have a very 
pretty bird's eye view through the romantic verdant arbour 
beneath." This description of Easegill, and the picture, are 
from a "Practical Pictorial Guide to Ingleton," by Thomas 
Johnson, Church st., Blackburn, price 3d. 



• 






4>$m^ ■ 






M 



m^ I 





ft. 


* 


i *^3F "^"^ 


1 

la 




9&L 



■\ >v< 






~ m 



EASEGILL FORCE. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



187 



Yobdas Catb, so named from Yordas, a giant, whose chamber 
and oven are pointed out, is nearly five miles from Ingleton. 
It contains a great number of stalactites and stalagmites. The 
entrance opens into a large chamber sixty yards long, twenty 
yards high, and beyond this there is a second one with a fine 
cascade in wet weather. Mr. Whittingdale, of Westhouse, 
Bentham, gives permission to explore this cave. The stream 
is the Doe, which passes on to Thornton Force. In this part 
it is known as Kingsdale beck, and rises on Wheraside. The 
Ingleton Pale beck rises on Blea moor, another side of the 
same mountain. Amongst these limestone hills are several 
other caves and waterfalls, — Bowting, Gingling, Gatekirk, and 
Douk Caves amongst the principal. The geologist and botanist 
will be delighted with this district. 




Ingleborough Cave. 
Inolbbobough Cave, a short distance above the village of 
Clapham, was formerly the watercourse of the stream from the 
Gaping Gill Hole. The Clapdale beck, a tributary of the 
Wenning, is a most delightful reach of scenery. We have a 
deep gorge, with steep banks overgrown by a dense wood, and on 
either side bare, majestic, limestone escarpments. As usual in 
the district there is a succession of waterfalls, and the scenery 
is probably, unsurpassed in the country. From Trougill gorge 
the ancient bed of the stream may be traced up Ingleborough. 
Half-a-mile from Trougill is Gaping Gill Hole, down which the 
stream tumbles nearly four hundred feet, and at the bottom of 



188 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the cleft follows a subterranean coarse for nearly a mile. Mr. 
Fairer' s Caves are on the line, and have been explored for half 
a mile. 

A long account will be found in Phillips' Yorkshire. Alum 
Pot, near Selside, Hull Pot and Hunt Pot, near Horton, with 
others of that district, must be treated of in another paper. 



Kino's Manos House, York. — About a hundred years ago, 
part of this house was a well known ladies' school, and 
daughters of county families were pupils. Lady Mexbro' (Miss 
Stephenson) was a great beauty, grandmother of the present 
Lord Mexbro'. The following lines are written on panes of 
glass : 

B. Dunoombe came to the Manor, 1786. 

Ann Robson came to the Manor, July 81st, 1769. 

Jane Robson came to the Manor, September 8rd, 1769. 

Lady Christina Elizabeth Keith came to the Manor, 1786. 

M. Boyes came to the Manor at five years old. 

People say Tom going to run off with Lieutenant HalL 

Wharton. 

Kitty Collins left the Manor, June 21st, /92. 

Catherine Fisher loves somebody. 

I love Miss Parker and Miss Walker. A. M. Armytage. 

I am glad it is five o'clock. 

Ann Coates, Stokesley, 1618. 

Sweet Mr. Orde. 

Had I been Paris & Miss Senhouse there 

The apple had never fell to Yenus's share 
Nanny Wrightson. 

Had I been Paris & Lady Mexbro' there 

The apple had not fallen to Yenus's share. 

A. Wharton, Scarbro', 1798. 

Richardson & Duncombe if you love me as 

I love you, I never shall be forgot by two, — 

I hope Dame means to let me go to another play this winter. 

Nothing is so disagreeable to me as Croft's silly humour. 
Askew. 

A Musgrave came to the Manor, 1618. 

M. Seaton came 1810. 

Shun all men. E. T. 

A. Coates, 1618. 



fUrorfts of the IflUst fUMttg. 

The steps recently taken by the Court of Quarter Sessions 
in connection with the records of the West Biding in the 
custody of the Clerk of the Peace have brought to public notice 
how extensive and important is the collection possessed by the 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AMD QUERIES. 189 

riding. Mr. Francis Darwin moved some time since for the 
appointment of a committee to report as to these records. 
Upon the request of the committee the Historical Manuscript 
Commission deputed Mr. J. Cordy Jeaffreson, who is well known 
as an antiquarian expert, to investigate the subject. We learn 
from his report that the records comprise the following docu- 
ments, viz : — 

1. Sessions rolls from the year 1669 to the present time. 

2. Indictment books from the year 1687 to the present time, 
in 109 volumes. 

8. Order books for the same period, in 65 volumes. 

4. Registers of estates pertaining to Catholics in the 18th 
century, and of awards under Acts of Parliament for enclosures 
and other public works, with indentures touching the same. 

5. Plans and reference books touching turnpike trusts, public 
roads, canals, railways, bridges, and other public works. 

Following Mr. Jeaffreson's suggestions, the magistrates have 
caused a catalogue to be made of the entire series of sessions 
rolls and their contents. 

Referring to the catalogue, we find that the sessional rolls 
are about 2400 in number. Throwing as they do a great 
amount of light upon our local, and indeed, we may say, our 
national history for the past 200 years, we think some account 
of the contents of these rolls will not be without interest to our 
readers. Among the most important classes of documents to 
be found in the rolls may be mentioned indictments and the 
various papers relating thereto, convictions, orders, with peti- 
tions and various other documents bearing upon them, 
sacramental and other certificates. In addition to these there 
are numerous other papers too varied for any brief classification. 

Referring to the indictments, it is remarkable how great a 
variety of subjects were formerly dealt with. The ordinary 
classes of crime are common to all periods, but we find that 
matters of what are now thought to be of domestic or private 
concern were once considered proper to be tried by a court. It 
would appear that the morals and manners of our ancestors 
were much better cared for than is the case now ; thus, there 
are presentments for non-attendance at church, and records as 
to the observance of various religious ordinances, the swearing 
of profane oaths, and the like. Among similar orders it is 
recounted that one Sarah (we forbear giving her full name) was 
some 200 years back found to be a "common scold,*' and 
ordered to be set on the Market Cross at Wakefield, with a 
paper on her forehead signifying her offence. Of a different 
class are the numerous indictments relating to the decay of 
bridges and highways. Their importance even at the present 
day is very great, and they have to be referred to not un- 
frequently when questions as to the liability to repairs have to 



140 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

be decided. Those whose business it becomes to make a search 
for the more ancient indictments will doubtless welcome the 
assistance of the catalogue. 

Turning to the orders and petitions much curious and in- 
teresting matter is met with. Here are petitions for relief by 
townships and persons desiring grants of public money under 
various circumstances. Townships complaining of the heavy 
burden of maintaining their own poor and seeking assistance, 
or again asking for relief by reason of the destruction of roads 
and bridges by storm and tempest, or for briefs to enable them 
to raise contributions towards the rebuilding of churches, &c. 
Private individuals supplicating for gratuities where they had 
lost goods or stock through divers untoward events, such as 
accidents by fires, flood, or drought, or on account of illness or 
poverty, plagues to man or beast, and indeed in case of almost 
every species of misfortune which might betide. It is needless 
to point out that this species of what may almost be called 
paternal jurisdiction has now in a large measure passed away, 
its place having been taken by other agencies; but these 
accounts are interesting as illustrating the gradual growth of 
our institutions and the way in which justices have been found 
to accommodate themselves to progressive advances of the 
times. 

The difficulties connected with Papists are demonstrated by 
the mass of petitions, informations, recognisances, and other 
documents concerning them, and by the references to proceed- 
ings at conventicles and unlawful assemblies. The numerous 
records of fines, penalties, and other punishments indicate the 
severity of the Papist persecution as carried on at the close of 
the 17th century. Passing on to a later period we meet with 
documents bearing upon the troublous times prior to the 
Restoration, aud shedding much light upon the history of by- 
gone days. Coming to the 18th century, when so much alarm 
was created by the Pretender, the justices and other authorities 
appear to have been very active, and we find various papers 
touching the rebuilding of beacons, the setting of watches, and 
of grants of money to compensate for losses incurred in assisting 
(sometimes under compulsion) in the transmission of baggage 
and troops. 

At an earlier date there appear to have been frequent petitions 
from "lame and disabled soldiers" for grants of pensions, their 
claim being generally that, having been disabled or wounded 
when serving under Charles I. against Cromwell, they had since 
fallen into destitution ; the pension granted was usually forty 
shillings per annum, raised by special estreat upon the respec- 
tive wapentakes. These petitions set forth interesting particulars 
of service, and of the actions and sieges in which the petitioners 
had been severally engaged. At this period, too, there are 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 141 

numerous papers dealing with the farming of monopolies and 
other imposts for replenishing the exchequers of embarrassed 
royalty. 

The invention and introduction of a new tax must oftentimes 
have been a source of grave perplexity to the financier of that 
day. Some few years back our readers will recollect the outcry 
there was at a suggestion for taxing matches, but what would 
now be thought of a tax on hearths, such as was formerly 
exacted? 

The justices have now decided, on the recommendation of 
the committee before mentioned, that an alphabetical index 
shall be prepared giving a description of such of the Orders of 
Sessions as are of permanent interest or importance. Such an 
index, as affording a ready means of reference to the whole 
series of 65 voluminous order books, will be of great practical 
utility; and although antiquarians may perhaps regret that the 
quarter sessions have not undertaken the compilation of a 
complete and comprehensive calendar index to the whole of the 
indictments and sessions orders as was suggested by Mr. 
Jeaffreson, the justices have probably exercised a wise economy, 
so far as the interests of the ratepayers are concerned, in limit- 
ing the scope of the index in accordance with the advice given 
by their committee. 

A perusal of these rolls would well repay the antiquarian or 
historian, and we cannot but think that as the contents of the 
collection become better known and more easily accessible many 
will be glad to avail themselves of so valuable and interesting a 
source of reference. It is gratifying to learn that the public 
records of the West Riding have been well preserved by their 
custodians, and that our magistrates are taking so active an 
interest in the matter. Yorkshire Post, May, 1882. 

[The late Mr. Fairless Barber worked diligently in urging 
the Magistrates to arrange, and publish extracts from the 
sessions rolls, and it is probably due in no small measure to 
his urgency and Col. Brooke's advocacy, that the before- 
mentioned report was prepared. The Editor has already given 
specimens in these pages from the sessions rolls, culled in 
1872. Other excerpts will follow.] 

County Record Office. — Now that County Boards are the 
order of the day, the Editor suggests that all Yorkshire His- 
torical and Genealogical Manuscripts should be gathered into 
a County muniment room, open gratuitously under same con- 
ditions as the British Museum and the Rolls Office, London, at 
York. The following appeared in the Athenaum, in July, 1882 : 

Will you kindly allow me to suggest through your columns 
the desirability of establishing County Record Offices ; and I 
may mention the materials we have in Yorkshire as illustrative 
of the utility of such offices : (1) Wills from 1800 ; (2) Parish 



142 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Begisters from 1588 ; (8) Bishops' Transcripts, from 1588 ; (4) 
Sessions Bolls from 1640 ; (5) Nonconformist Begisters to be 
recalled from Somerset House, where they have been buried 
for nearly two generations ; (6) Institution, Presentation, and 
Act Books, now carefully preserved at York, along with other 
valuable ecclesiastical documents, dating from 1200; (7) 
Churchwardens 1 and Constables' Books, dating often from 
1600 ; (8) Manor Bolls, as such may be deposited by favour ; 
(9) purely Yorkshire muniments at the Becord Office and 
British Museum, e.g., the Calverley Evidences ; (10) bequests of 
deeds, &c. 

A custodian (who could employ his spare hours in transcrib- 
ing and indexing,) and sufficient accommodation would not 
require more than 8001. per annum, exclusive of desks and 
bookcases. Those who sought information for general his- 
torical purposes should be able to obtain access freely, by 
making application by letter previously; others should be 
charged ten shillings per day ; official certificates to be paid for 
as usual. The income would probably average 200/. 

A 8 convener of the meetings in Yorkshire at which reso- 
lutions were passed (1) disapproving of Mr. Borlase's Bill 
unless due provision was made for local requirements, and (2) 
forming a Yorkshire society for the publication of parish 
registers, I should like to suggest that similar action should be 
taken in other counties. J. Hobsfall Turner. 



THE ASSESSMENT OF THE YEAB 1584. 








AgBBIG & MOBLEY. 




West Ardsley 


... 


iijs. 


Cumberworth 


xiid. 


East Ardsley 


... 


ijs. 


Drighlington 


iijs. 


Almondbury 


... 


viijs. 


Dalton 


ijs. 


Allerton 


... 


iijs. 


Dewsbury 


vis. 


Altofts 


... 


iiijs. 


Eland cum Gretland 


iiijs. 


Airton 


... 


iiijs. 


Erinden 


ijs. 


Beiston 


... 


vis. 


Ecclesall 


ijs. 


Barsland 


••• 


iijs. 


Emsey 


iiijs. 


Bramley cum Armley 


vis. 


ffarneley juxta Leedes 


iiijs. 


Bolton 


••• 


ijs. 


ffarneley tyas 


ijs. 


Bollyng 


... 


iijs. 


fflockton both 


ijs. 


Batley 


... 


ijs. 


Gomrsall 


iiijs. 


Bradford 


... 


vis. 


Kirke Heaton 


ijs. 


Kirk Burton 


••• 


ijs. 


Heaton cum Clayton 


iiijs. 


Crigleston 


••• 


VB. 


Horburye 


iiijs. 


Croston 


... 


iijs. 


Calverley cum farsley 


vs. 


Clifton 


••• 


ijs. 


Hartesheade 


ijs. 

IJS. 


South Croeland 


••• 


iijs. 


Hunes worth ... 


Clackheaton 


... 


iijs. 


Haworth 


ijs. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



148 



Holmefirth ... viijs. 

fluddersfeld ... vis. 

Hnnselet ... iiijs. 

Howley half ... ijs. 

Horton ... ijs. 
Hipperholme cum \ 

Brighouse j TO ' 

Heekmondwicke ... ijs. 

Heptonstall ... vs. 

Hauifax ... vs. 

Idle ... iijs. 

Liyersedge ... iiijs. 

Lepton ... ijs. 

Langefeld ... ijs. 

Mirfeld ... vis. 

Medley ... ixs. 

Middleton ... ijs. 

Marsheden ... ijs. 

Maningham ... ijs. 

Morley ... iiijs. 

Heltham half ... ijs. 

Migeley ... iiijs. 

North birley ... iijs. 

Normanton ... iijs. 

Northowram ... vs. 

Ovenden ... iiijs. 

Ossett ... viis. 

Pudsey ... iijs. 

Quick ... iijs. 

Raistrick cam ffixbie iijs. 
Bishforth cum Norlande iijs. 



Rothwell ... ixs. 

Bhitlington als ) 

Netherton f UJS * 

Sharleston ... ills. 

Slackwathe (Slaithwaite) ijs. 



Shipley 

Stainland 

Sandall • 

Skircote cum Shelf 

Sower bie 

Stanley 

Stansfeld 

SutteU 

Southowram 

Shepley 

Shelley 

Sindall 

Thornell 

Thurstonland 

Thorndton 

Thorpsup'monte ... 

Tonge 

Warley 

Wharnbie (Quarmby) 

Wads worth 

Warmefeld cum Heath 

Wike 

Walton cum 

Wortley 

Whitwood 

Wakefeld 



rjs. 

ijs. 
iijs. 

ijs. 

vijs. 

viijs. 

iijs. 

iijs. 

vs. 

ijs. 
xiid. 

ijs. 
iiijs. 

ijs. 
xijd. 
xijd. 
iijd. 

vs. 

vs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 

ijs. 
xvs. 



THE SESSEMENT FOR YE SURVEYOUR, 
West Riding co. Ebor. 

Setback cu v libty. of Otley & Leedes. 



1584, 



Otley 


X8. 


Eepaxe 


, ... xs, 


Hawksworth 


ijs. 


Menston 


iiis. 


Carleton 


ijs. 


Secroft 


vs. 


Preston 


xs. 


Thornnour 


vis. viiid, 


Rigton 


xs. 


Estkeswyke 


iiis. iiiid. 


Bayldon 


iiis. 


Allaneley 


iis. iiiid 


Gyseley 
Wodesom 


iis. 


Awsthorpe 


iiiis 


iis. 


NewBame 


xvis. 


8willingtone 


xvis. 


Yedone 


iiis 


Ledyston 


vis. viiid. 


Wodersley 


xvis 


Horsford 


... iiis. 


Wyke 


iiis. 


Aflerton Gledhow... vs. 


Potternewton 


... V18 


Powell (Pool) 


iiis. 


Barwyke 


xs 



144 



YOBKSHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Hedingley ... iiis. 

Collingham ... iiiis. 

Pollington iiis. iiiid. 

AUerton in Aqua ... iiiis. 

Abberfurth ... iiis. 

Ylkley ... iiis. 

Wigton ... iiis. 

Byngley • ... xs. 

Morton ... iis. 

Bawden ... iis. 



Harwode 

Arthington 

Haddyl 

Shadwell 

leedeB 

Burley 

Thorp Stapleton 

Scarcroft 



xs. 

iiis. 

iiis. iiiid. 

vs. 

XXS. 

iis. 
xvid. 
xiid. 

Garfurthe cum li-\ . .., 
bertate beate marie j vl8 " vua * 



Wep.' de barkeston cum babon de Sherburne. 



east hadlesaye ... ts. 

burne ... vis. 

gatefurth ... vis. 

Breton ... vs. 

Hamelton ... vs. 

Carleton ... xvs. 

Ryther ... xs. 

Towton ... xs. 

Clifford ... viis. 

Wistow ... xxs. 

Saxton ... xs. 

Button vis. viiid. 

Statton vis. viiid. 

Barley ... vijs. 

ffenton ... xs. 

South mylefurth ... vijs. 

butterington ... vs. 

Hayslewode ... iijs. 

Bramham cum Ogyl-) .... 

thorpe J uus - 

Sherburne in Elmet xxs. 

Gollyston ... iiijs. 

Cawode ... xxs. 

Byrkyn vis. viijd. 

meklefeld • ... vs. 

Mrkbye ... iijs. 

newton kyme . . . iiijs. 

ffryston ... vs. 

Barkyston ... iiijs. 

AOBRIG & MORLEY GUM LIBU. 



myrfeld 

Shipley 

wyke 

Calverley 

north byerley 

lofthouse 



IJS, 



111JS. 

xyjs. 
xyjs. 
iiijd. 
ijs. 
xyjd. 



Thorpwillingbye ... ijs. 

Hudleston cum lumby iiiijs. 
Grimston ... ijs. 

ledshame ... ijs. 

Tadcaster ... xs. 

Burton ... vis. 

west hadlesey vis. viijd. 
ffareburne vis. viijd. 

drax ... xs. 

Hurste ... xs. 

newton wallys iijs. iiijd. 
Hillome yjs. viijd. 

Byrome iijs. iiijd. 

ps Arch in Brotherton xijd. 
Selbye ... xxxs. 

hessye monkton Knap- ] 

ton Apylton & acaster J s# 
Popelton suprior ... xs. 

Libe'tas de bramham yjs. 
Atsham cum holdgate xvs. 
Popylton inferior ... xs. 

lib'tas de hewyke of t .. 

Uskill ... vijs. 

Gatehill ... ijs. 

newthorpe cum ledsham iijs. 
merton cum grafton iiijs. 
lib'tas de Brotherton ijs. 

de Halifax et Wakefield. 
Bcyrcotte ... xvjd. 

hetenolake (Gleckh.) iijs. iiijd. 
haworth ... xyjd. 

Shelfe ijs. iiijd. 

Batley ... xyjd. 

EUand ... ijs. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



146 



mannyngham 


xxd. 


Ovenden 


iijs. 


Bolton 


xyjd. 


Glaton 


ijs. 


Barsland 


ijs. 


hekmondwyke 


xxd. 


Gomersall 


iiijs. 


Staynland 


iijs. iiijd. 


Bollinge 


xyjd. 


lererse'gge 


ijs. 


horton 


xxd. 


mydleton 


iijs. 


Tonge 


xyjd. 


Scuthowrame 


xvjd. 


Byshworth 


xxd. 


warlye 


iijs. iiijd. 


Ecleshill 


iijs. 


wadsworth 


iiijs. 


myghley 


iijs. 


fiekesby 


xxd. 


hallyefaxe 


xxvis. viijd. 


Btaynfeld 


iijs. 


langhfeld 


ijs. 


Rastryke 


ijs. iiijd. 


weyke 


iijs. 


Bradforth 


X8. 


fernbye (fernlye] 


iijs. 


Bramley 


iiijs. 


wykerley 


xxd. 


ffarseley 


xxd. 


Bereton 


iijs. 


Pudsay 


iiijs. 


drighlington 


ijs. vid. 


heyton 


ijs. yiijd. 


4 Soytyll 


ijs. 


northowrome 


ijs. viijd. 


herp'me (Hipperh.) iijs. iiijd. 


Allerton 


ijs. vijd. 


8ourby 


iiijs. 


Thornton 


iijs. iiijd. 


hunnesworth 


ijs. 


huneslett 


YS. 


Clyfton 


ijs. 


Bothwell cum Carletone xs. 


dewsbnrye 


iijs. iiijd. 



Idyll 


ijs. iiijd 


Morley 


vs 


Ardyslowe 


iiijs. 


hartyshed 


ijs. 


Wakefeild 


xxs. 


heyton 


iiijs. 


dalton 


ijs. 


ffarnlye Tyas 


ijs. 


holmfurth 


iijs. 


Slaythwett 


ijs. 


Cumberworth 


... xxd. 


huddersfeld 


iijs. iiijd. 


lepton 


iiijs. 



whermby (Quarmby) mjs. 

north crossland ... xyjd. 

Grossland halfe ... xijd. 

flockton ... iiijs. 

Aykton ... iijs. 

whytwodd iijs. iiijd. 

Shytlington iijs. iiijd. 

warmfeld ... iijs. 

whytby[ly] iijs. iiijd. 
normanton cum hospite iijs. 

Snydall ... xxd. 

Almnburye iijs. iiijd. 

Shelley ... iijs. 

Shepley ... iijs. 

meltham ... ijs. yjd. 

Thornhill ... vs. 

Ossett ... vs. 

Btaynley ... vjs. 

Altofts ... iiijs. 

Walton ... iiijs. 

Thonrstonland ... ijs. 

Sandall ... iiijs. 
dimid (half) Bretton xxd. 

Burton ... ijs. 

medley ... viijs. 

horbnry iijs. iiijd. 

Gregylston iijs. iiijd. 

Emley ... ijs. 

Croston ... iijs. 

Sharleston ... iijs. 

howley ... iijs. 
16.8.6. 



T.N.Q. 



146 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



WAP' DB OSGODOBOSSE & DIMID HONORIS DK PoNTEFBAIT. 



Nostell 


ijs. yjd. 


wheldall 


ijs. 


Gastlefurtli 


iiijs. 


Stapylton 


iiijs. 


Broughton 


iiijs. 


Sineaton p'va 


iiijs. 


Badsworth 


iiijs. 


Credlinge 


iiijs. 


knottyngley 


viijs. 


South Elmesall 


vs. 


Skelbrooke 


vs. 


Boall 


iijs. iiijd. 


Thorpawdleybye 


iiijs. 


Ackworth 


vjs. 


fryston by the water iiijs. 


Wrangbrooke 


... ijs. yjd. 


pomfrette 


xiijs. iiijd. 


Stubbes walden 


iijs. 


Skellowe 


vijs. 


Upton 


iijs. 


darington 


viijs. 


norton neare Campsall xs. 


kyrkefaenton 


vs. 


north elmsall 


vs. 


prestoii 


VJS. 


wom'sley 


xs. 


Garleton 


iiijs. 


South kyrkby 


vs. 


fetherston 


iiijs. 


7.9.8. 






OSGODCBOSSE AN 


d Mabsheland. 




hawdonbye 


vijs. 


hensall 


iiijs. 


fokerbye 


viijs. 


pollington 


xs. 


Adlingflete 


xs. 


hecke 


vijs. 


Whitgyfte 


vijs. 


whetlye 


iiijs. 


vskett 


viijs. 


Egburgh 


vs. 


Rednesse w th out 
tyes 


^ } xiijs. 


kellyngton 
Beall 


iiijs. 
vis. 


Rednesse w^in '. 


yb'tye vjs. 


Bramwyth 


vs. 


howke 


viijs. 


Campsall 


xxyjs. viijd. 


Armyne 


vs. 


Burwallys a's | 
Burghwallys } 


.. 


Roclyffe 


xs. 


V1J8. 


Snayth 


XX8. 


Anston 


XS. 


GoldhaU 


VS. 


9.15.8. 






Weapon t de 


Staincbosse. 




hundyehelfe 


iijs. 


Boyston 


iijs. 


Guntwhette 


xxd. 


hygheholland 


iijs. 


Sylkston 


iiijs. 


Tankersley 


iijs. 


langsett 


iijs. 


Edworth 


iiijs. 


wortley 


vs. 


Shafton 


ijs. 


byaohworth 


xijd. 


Barnesley 


X8. 


dodworth 


iijs. iiijd. 


Ardesley 


xyjd. 


Oxspringe 


iijs. 


Ghette 


yjd. 


Beyll 


iijs. 


Brearley 


iijs. iiijd. 


Thurgurland 


iijs. 


penyston 


iiijs. 


Claton 


iijs. 


hymsworth 


iiijs. 


holland swayne 


iijs. 


Skemlthorpe 


xxd. 


denby 


iijs. iiijd. 


Wolley 


... ^ xxd. 


notton 


iijs. 


kexburghe 


... ijs. yjd. 


west bretton 


xijd. 


Steynburghe 


xxd. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIE8. 



147 



wyntersett 


xvjd. 


Cawthorne 


vijs. 


denton 


iiijs. 


wospurne 


viijs. 


barghe 


iijs. iiijd. 


hyndeley 


... ijs. vid. 


Thurlyston 


... . VJS. 


6.8.8. 




hanercrofte 


... ijs. vjd. 








Wapent' 


DE CLABO. 




newall 


iiijs. 


Rygton 


xxd; 


weston 


xvjd. 


pva Tymkyll 


xijd. 


oesfeld 


xxd. 


Atherlawe 


vjs. 


fferneley 


iiijs. 


Greneham'ton 


... ijs. vjd. 


denton 


iiijs. 


kyrkham'ton 


iijs. 


Colthorpe 


xxd. 


whyxley 


... ijs. vid. 


medleton 


ijs. 


South dighton 


iiijs. 


Bypley 


ijs. 


Aldfeld 


iiijs. 


nonmonkton 


iiijs. 


bnnsingborne 


iijs. 


plompton 


iiijs. 


Goldsburghe 


vs. 


Askwyth 


iiijs. 


Gowldthorpe 


...vjs. viijd. 


Spofforth 


iijs. 


Reinseley ) 
Rem'ley J 


... ijs. vjd. 


lynton 


... ijs. vjd. 


leythley 


ijs. 


wynkersley 


iijs. iiijd. 


wetherbye 


vjs. viijd. 


fflapley 


... ijs. vjd. 


Synclynghall 


iiijs. 


lynleye al'Lyndley xvjd. 


pva uskurne 


ijs. viijd. 


AUerton mallevey ijs. 


pva Rykston 
dnntfurd 


iijs. 


dun keswyke 


xxd. 


ijs. 


kyrbye 
kyrkbie 


... ijs. vjd. 


magna Rykston) 
cu hospit' J 


ma 


... ijs. vjd. 


... JJo. 


ffolyfayte 


... ijs. vid. 


Castley 


ijs. 


magna Cattail 


iiijs. 


wyghton 


xxd. 


Topgraue 


... ijs. vid. 


Staynburne 


... ijs. vid. 


northdighton 


iijs. iiijd. 


kirkby malsard 


>xs. 


7.6. 






Libebtat' 


DE RlPPON. 




westwike 


xvjd. 


Skelton 


iiijs. 


non wyke 


iiijs. 


Thorpe 


...iijs. vid. 


noth Stanley 


iijs. 


newbye 


... ijs. vid. 


Kyndall 


vijs. 


hewyke 


iijs. 


Osmonderbye 


iiijs. 


Thornton 


vs. 


Sally 


iiijs. 


Sharbure 


iijs. 


Ingraththorpe 


iijs. 


Glothorme cu' | 
bishopton J 


.. 


merkynton 


iijs. iiijd. 


... IJS. 


Stndley 


iijs. iiijd. 


monkton 


iiijs. 


nydd 


iiijs. 


Ryppon 


xxxs. 


Grantley cu' \ 
Enyston J 


iiijs. 


4.17.10. 






Libetat' de ] 


£nabesbubghe. 




Tymkyll 


iiijs. 


1 Clyent 


iiijs. 


Thurscrosse 


iiijs. 


1 Kyllinghall 


iiijs. 



148 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Brearton 

Burton 

Erkendale 

ffernnam 

South Stanley 

Staneley 

Screvyn 

Sutton 

Enaesburgh 



...ij6. yj. 
iijs. iiijd. 

iijs. 
iijs. iiijd. 

iijs. 

iiijs. 

iiijs. 

... ijs. vjd. 

xijs. iiijd. 



Burgbrigge yjs. viiijd. 

Aldeburgh ... vijs. 

mynskyppe ... vs. 

magna usburne ... ijs. 

Bawcliffe ... iiijs. 

liunburton iijs. iiijd. 

kyrbye Cattail ... ijs. vjd. 
4.5.6. 



Wapont' de tickell & Stratford cum libetatibus. 



Bosington 

Brawell 

wombewell 

halton magna 

Thrybergh 

Conysburgh 

Bawtrye 

harthill 

byllome 



iijs. 

iijs. 

viijs. 

iijs. 

ijs. 

iijs. iiijd. 

viijs. 

vijs. 

ijs. 



balbye et Oxthorpe iijs. iiijd. 

Krymsfurth ... ijs. vjd. 
Brampton } -. 

juxta wath ) *" J 

wath ... ijs. vjd. 

warmsworth ... ijs. 

Bramley ... ijs. 

Ousterfeld ... ijs. iijd. 

Bramcroft ... ijs. vjd. 

alton ... ijs. 

vlley ... ijs. 

Eclesfeild ... vijs. 

amthorpe ... ijs. 

darfeld ... iiijs. 

Pygburne p't ... ijs. vjd. 

loversall ... ij. vjd. 
Blakston et alkley iiijs. 

Rawmarshe ... vs. 

edlington ... vs. 

Sandall et wheat hey vs. 

Bradfeld ... xxs. 

hatefeld ... vs. 

Toddwyke ... ijs. vjd. 
kyrk sandall iijs. iiijd. 

Clayton ... ijs. 
Barmby sup dunne vjs. viijd. 

ffyehelake ... vs. iiijd. 

Thorne ...iijs. iiijd. 



11J8. 

. ijs 
.iijs 

"jijs 



Cadebie 

Stubbes ham'poll 

hoyton pannell 

whyston 

Cantley 

langtwhate 

Treton 

Thrownstore 

Staynfurth 

hykylton 

Brampton cu math- 

ing 
ffrickley 
Banfeld 
doncaster 
hamesworth 
Aston in ye morninge 
Anston 
heton leveet 
Botheram 
Shelf eld 
Warmsworth et \ 

Carhouse { '"' 
Barnbrogh 
Bentley 
kymberworth 
Thorpealvyn al. ) ... .... , 

dymydi Bramton ... iijs. 



mjs. 

ijs. 

vjs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijd. 

vjd. 
. vjd. 
iiijs. 

.vjd. 

xxd. 

xxd. 

xxxs. 

vs. 

iiijs. 

iijs. 

xvjd. 

XX8. 
XX8. 

iijs. 

V8. 

XVJ8. 

VS. 



dimyd wath 

Holland 

walles 

wentworth 

wykersley 

Sprodburgh 

Ryllyingley 

mexburghe 



... ijs. vjd. 

ijs. 

... ij. vjd. 

iijs. iiijd. 

ijs. 

vjs. viijd. 

xxd. 

vs. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



149 



Staynsall 


iijs. iiijd. 


hoton Roberto 


iijs. 


wadworth 


iiijs. 


maltby 


iijs. 


Swynton 


iiijs. 


Langhton in morn-] 


Bradsworth 


...iijs. yjd. 


inge 


r yd. 


marre 


iiijs. 


Scawsbye 


iijs. 


Bolton 


iijs. iiijd. 


Tynslawe 


yijs. 


Adwykeupon 


dearneiijs.iiijd. 


hyghemelton 


iiijs. 


Athwyke of streets vjs. 


Gresbrooke 


iijs. iiijd. 


Staynton 


vs. 


Tykhill 


xxs. 


denybye 


... ijs. yjd. 


Langhton pva 


... ijs. yjd. 


Stoynfeld 


xijd. 


21.6.4. 




Weapon' db Stainolif cu libetatibus. 




Brasvrell 


vs. 


preston 


iijs. iiijd. 


hebden 


... ij. yjd. 


Scothorpe 


ijs. 


Thornton 


iiijs. 


kettylwell 


iiijs. 


newsom 


xijd. 


hawnlythe 


xijd. 


Bemyngton 


ijs. 


lynton 


ijs. viijd. 


medhope 


ijs. 


Broughton 


iiijs. 


Gysbnrne 


iijs. 


Scladburne 


iijs. viijd. 


Otterborne 


xijd. 


Esyngton 


ijs. 


Styrton 


ijs. 


ham'ton 


ijs. 


heirthlington 


i ... ijs. 


Conyston in ) 
kettlewell j 


... ijs. yjd. 


ffernhill 


ijs. 


8kypton 


xs. 


helleffeld 


iijs. 


halton west 


xxd. 


G-argrave 


iiijs. 


burnsall 


iijs. 


kyrkby 


xxd. 


Selesden 


iijs. 


Galton 


ijs. 


Adingham 


iijs. 


Ayrton 


...ijs. iiijd. 


Glystrarne 


ijs. 


hetton 


ijs. viijd. 


Conyston in 


Graven ijs. 


newton 


... xxd. 


Pathorn 


ijs. 


horton 


xxd. 


hwkeswyke 


... ij. yjd. 


Carleton 


iijs. iiijd. 


Esthton 


xvjd. 


Wygylsworth 


... ijs. vjd. 


Reykton 


... ijs. yjd. 


Staynfirth 


iijs. 


lamlyffe 


ijs. 


Bradley 


ijs. 


Kytton 


iijs. iiijd. 


Gyrsington 


ijs. viijd. 


Swendon 


... ijs. iiijs. 


Tresfeld 


... ij. xd. 


mallame 


iiijs. 


Apyltreweke 


iijs. 


Gygylswyke 


iiijs. 


Skybden 


yjd. 


Arncliffe 


ijs. 


halton of hill 


xxd. 


Crakeowe 


ijs. 


kyldwyke 


ijs. 


Bolton 


iiijs. 


Gollinge 


ijs. 


Rothemell 


ijs. 


Emsay 


ijs. 


8etteU 


iijs. 


Sutton 


ij. 


fflaxbye 


ijs. 


Steton 


ijs. viijd. 


marton 


ijs. viijd. 


kyghley 


ijs. 


pathnall 


... ijs. yjd. 


droughton 


... xvjd. 



160 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Bidden ... ijs. waddyngton 

newton in bollande iiijs. mytton 

Crynglington ... iiijs. Bashame 

bradfurth ... iiijs. 9.18.4. 

Weapon' de Yoworosse. 

liorton inBibylsdale ijs. vjd. Glaphame 

Burton in londysO .. . A Ingleton 

dale f 1J8 *^ d * dente 

Awstwyke ijs. viijd. Sedgbrge 

Benthame ijs. viijd. 27. 

Thornton ... ijs. Sum' tot 



iijs. viijd. 

ijs. 

xxd. 



ijs. viijd. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 
iiijs. 



cxxli xvs. ijd. 



Dorksbu* €xn%%t%. 




Stainland Cross, of which we give a woodcut by permission 
of Mr. Birtwhistle, is thus described in Crabtree's Halifax:— 
"It represents a saltier or St. Andrew's cross, carved on a 
block of stone ; the block is scooped out in the form of a cap, 
but the cover that was formerly attached to it has been re- 
moved. The shaft is circular and plain, without any of that 
rich, uncouth sculpture, or scroll ornament, which antiquarians 
generally attribute to Saxon or Danish structures. Its height 
from the base to the top of the column is about ten feet, the 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 161 

shaft does not exceed five feet. Neither tradition nor history 
have preserved the date or purpose of its erection, and the 
oldest inhabitant only knows that his paternal sire spoke of it 
as a very old affair. Since therefore we are left in the dark 
on the subject, we may indulge in a harmless antiquarian 
speculation ; in the hope that it may induce a more extended 
enquiry among those who are qualified to form an opinion on 
its merits. It will be observed that one of the peculiar features 
of this structure is its simplicity, and although that very 
circumstance may be adduced as an argument in favour of its 
antiquity, the fact that the shaft has none of that interlaced 
and curious tracery work before referred to is against the pro- 
bability of a Saxon origin. Old Hearne, the antiquary, tells 
us that ' among us in Britain crosses became most frequent, 
when, after William the Conqueror's time, great crusades were 
made into the Holy Land. Then crossings or creasings were 
used on all occasions. 'Twas not looked upon as enough to 
have the figure of the cross both on and in churches, chapels, 
and oratories, but it was put also in churchyards, and in every 
house, nay, many towns and villages were built in shape of it, 
and it was very common to fix it in the very streets and high- 
ways." Crosses were not uncommon in the parish. Watson 
mentions one in Fixby, which he seems to think was placed by 
the wayside, ' according to the superstition of the times ; ' also 
'the cross of Mankynholes,' this was in existence prior to the 
Reformation, and the presumption is that all of them were, for 
it was the custom of the Romish church to erect crosses in 
public situations, to remind the traveller of his religious duties; 
so far Mr. Watson's conjecture may be correct, but it is open 
to doubt whether if this cross had been used as a symbol 
of faith, it would have escaped the mistaken zeal of the Reform- 
ists; or the fanatical fury of the Puritans, when. they attacked 
Bradley Hall, had there been a tradition that it was originally 
placed for a superstitious use. It is not improvable that it was 
originally placed for a superstitious use. It is not improbable 
that it was placed there to mark the boundary of some land. 
Crosses were made use of in former times for this purpose, 
particularly where lands belonged to monasteries or religious 
houses, and it is certain that the Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem had lands in this part of the country, as also the 
nuns of Kirklees. There is a statute in existence to prevent 
the removal of these species of landmarks. Other descriptions 
of crosses, called memorial crosses, are to be found in many 
parts of the country, but being in general erected to perpetuate 
a particular event, tradition has preserved the history of their 
erection." 

At present, the Stainland cross is in a dilapidated condition, 
and ought to be carefully repaired and preserved by the Local 



152 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Board. There are indications of other crosses in Halifax 
parish, and the Yorkshire Calder rises near a place in Whalley 
parish, named Cross i' th' Dean. Gross-stone, King's Gross 
and Stump Gross are still well known. Cross-leigh, which 
gave name to the Crossley family, is a very ancient name. In 
Huddersfield parish there are Crosslands, and along the Roman 
road from Manchester, via Cambodunum (Slack,) to Walton 
cross at Hartshead, there are several hamlets named after a 
cross that existed in the vicinity. The stumps of the fine 
crosses at Bastrick and Walton are still in existence. The 
little triangular space of waste land on which the latter stands 
has been enclosed by Sir George Armytage, Bart., as a pro- 
tection for the venerable relic. As to building villages in the 
form of a cross, this is merely imagination. Villages often 
rise at cross roads on account of the passing traffic, and 
necessarily take the form of a cross. The crosses of the 
Knights of St. John, so far as I have observed, and there are ■ 
many still remaining, are sculptured on houses, in the formn 
as at Coley, Fairweather green (Bradford), Harden, &c. ™| 
Old deeds, especially those that trace parish and township 
boundaries refer to numerous crosses, few of which remain 
either as stumps, or in name. Where these still exist, of 
course, we know the design was to mark the local boundaries ; 
where crosses exist in market places, as at Bingley, Hudders- 
field, and nearly all old market towns, it is manifest that they 
were erected to secure honesty in business transactions ; where 




YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



158 




they are in the vicinity of old monasteries, their intention was, 
probably to indicate sanctuary rights, as were also the Dumb 
(or doomed) Steeples, and frith stools, one of which we recently 
saw between Whitby and Sandsend, exactly similar to the one 
at Beverley as shewn in the woodcut. 



Where the crosses are in the 
centre of a village, without any 
church or market, it is difficult 
to give a general reason for 
their erection. There is a fine 
specimen of such an one at 
Okenshaw. The accompanying 
woodcut represents the pedi- 
ment of the old market cross 
at Bradford. 



The East Riding is even richer than the West Biding in 
remains of village crosses. 

Near Hedon is the ancient village of Eeyinoham, which has 
three crosses, one in the village street, being a mere stump 

upon three 
steps. A 
blank shield 
is on each 
side of the 
base; the 
shaft disap- 
peared long 
ago. The 
second is 

known as St. Philip's cross, being in a field west of the town, 
near St. Philip's well. The third one is in private grounds, 
and is said to have been brought hither from Lincolnshire. It 
is about fourteen feet high, and in good .preservation, as will be 
seen from our woodcut. [155.] Around the capital is sculptured, 
though now considerably worn, the inscription " Sit Gfia Jhu 
tibi " ( Gloria sit tibi Jesu). The most interesting, perhaps, is 
the historic Bavenspurn Cross, which formerly stood on the 
now submerged Bavensburgh, or Bavenspurne, (hence the 
name Spurn Point), or Bavencross bourne, where King Henry 
IV., when Duke of Lancaster landed in 1899. This cross 




164 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 




probably was erected iu commemoration of the event, and 
supplanted an older Haven cross. It bears several figures or 
effigies at the bead. As the sea encroached upon Ravenspurn, 
the cross was removed to Kilnsea, where it remained until 
1818, when it was removed to Burton Constable, owing to the 
threatened destruction of Kilnsea by the same insatiable de- 
voured. Kilnsea Church lost one half of its structure in 1826, 
the remaining portion of the edifice fell into the sea in 1881. 
From Burton Constable the ancient cross was removed to 
Hedon, where we saw it a year ago, in the garden of Mr. 
Watson, Solicitor, who carefully preserves it in front of his 
mansion. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



155 




Keyinqham 



The cross at Bwike is sup- 
posed to be coeval with the an- 
cient convent founded in early 
Norman times. It is now in a 
garden near the church. The 
base measures two feet square, 
and the shaft is two feet high. 










Hornsea, 



Swine. 

Around Hornsea are several in- 
teresting crosses. That of Hobn- 
sea (as below) is in Southgate, and 
has been badly used. It is about 
eight feet in height. There is a 
more modern cross in Hornsea 
market place. North Frodingham 
has a cross erected in 1811, near 



156 



Y0RK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 




which formerly stood the pillory. This cross is a substitute 
for one that existed here, much similar to the Bradsbubton 
Gboss. The latter stands in the large, open, market place, 
and is a prominent object from all points. Including the four 
plinth steps, the height is about fifteen feet, the octagonal 
shaft being about ten feet. It bears very imperfect traces of 
ancient sculptured figures, as of two persons, back to back, 
kneeling. The stocks shewn in the engraving have been 
removed. 

In Skeffling church-yard is the shaft of an ancient cross. 

About a mile from Leven church, on the Beverley roadi is 
Whtteoboss, an exceeding plain structure, near which is a 
private dwelling with gothic windows, looking very ecclesias- 
tical. In the old church-yard at Leven, was found a beautifully 
sculptured head of a cross about five centuries old, representing 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



167 




NUNKEELINO. 




Atwick. 



158 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



on one side the Crucifixion, with St. John and the Virgin ; on 
the other, the Virgin and Child, St. Catherine and another 
saint. The statement that this is the head of the Whitecross 
is totally false, for there is the greatest dissimilarity in design. 
The sculptured part is now mounted on a projection within the 
new church at Leven, over the south door. (Easter, 1886.) 

At Rise was a boundary cross in 1615, known as Huddle 
cross. 

At Nunkeelino, about a quarter of a mile from the old 
priory church (founded about 1150), are the remains of a plain 
cross about four feet high, as shewn in the engraving. 

The cross of Atwick is near the old church, and seems to 
have borne an inscription on its base, but we could not dis- 
tinguish a letter. Including the three massive steps, it is 
about fifteen feet in height. For a century, the constantly 
diminishing distances between the sea cliffs and this cross 
have been noted. 

Of the fine cross near Whitby Abbey, and other North Riding 
crosses, we must write in a future article. T. 



Holy wells. — The subject of Holy wells has frequently 
cropped up in the pages of the Folk-lore section of the York- 
shire Notes and Queries, and as a contribution to the full history 
of this subject I send you the following notice, with accompa- 
nying woodcut, of the Holy well at Stainland. The part of the 




village in which the well is situated has always been known as 
Helliwell, and from this, or one of the several helliwells of 
Halifax parish, an old family takes its name. The Stainland 
well is known as St. Helen's, (a common dedication for wells,) 
and near it, now formed into cottages, was a building formerly 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



159 



used, according to the tradition, as a popish chapel. A large 
stone on one of the walls is called the Gross, and Watson 
states that strangers, supposed to be papists, sometimes make 
pilgrimages to this cross and well. B. 

Roman Altabs at Slack and Greetland. Mr. Watson, more 
than a century ago, was shewn at Slack, the site of the Roman 
station >Cambodunum (Scamonden), a fine altar of Fortune, 

which had 
been dis- 
covered in 
1786, and 
which he 
gave to Mr. 
Whitaker, 
the Man- 
chester his- 
torian. The 
site has 
been exca- 
vated in 

modern 
years, by 
the York- 
shire Arch- 

sological Association, with most satisfactory results. The 
reading is given as follows. Fortunae Sacrum. Caius Antoni- 
us Modestus Centurio legionis sextae victricis posuit et votum 
solvit lubens merito; from which it appears to have been 
erected by C. A. Modestus, centurion of the sixth or conquer- 
ing legion, 
in discharge 
of a vow. 

At Greet- 
land, a vo- 
tive altar 
was found 
three cent- 
uries ago, 
which was 
seen by Mr. 

Camden 
when on a 
visit of 
exploration 
in these 
parts. Sir 

Henry 





160 YORKBHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Savile, of Bradley Hall, and John Hanson, of Woodhouse, 
near Brighouse, rendered valuable antiquarian assistance to 
the old topographer. The altar bears the inscription 
DVI CI BRIG 
ET NVMM GG 
T AVR AVRELIAN 
VS DD PRO BE 
ET 8VI8 SMNGS 

On the reverse :— ANTON 

III ET GETA 
COSS 

This fixes A.D. 208 as the date of erection. The inscription 
records that Titus Aurelius Aurelianus dedicates this altar to 
the Gods (Dui) of the Brigantian State, and to the Deities of 
the Emperor, in behalf of himself and his family. The altar 
passed from the Saviles to Sir Robert Cotton, of Conington, in 
Cambridgeshire. Horsley saw it in the church there, but it is 
now in Trinity College, Cambridge. An interesting notice of it 
appears in Hunter's Notices of Clay House, (Yorks. Archaeol. 
Journal, Vol. 2.) We have to thank Mr. Birtwhistle for the 
two woodcuts. Ed. 



Halifax Gibbet Law. — Mr. Lister kindly forwards the 
following, which he has recently copied. We regret we did 
not know of it before reprinting the Gibbet Book. It will be 
seen that the woodcuts fairly represent the machine here 
described. 
Harl. M.S., 785, 20. 10. (written in a 16th century hand.) 
" There is and hathe byne of anciente tyme a lawe or rather 
a Custome at Halifax, that whosoen doth Comitte any felonye 
and is taken wth the same or confesse the facte upon examin- 
acon yf it by (sic) valued by fower counstables to amounts to 
the somme of thirtene pence halfe penny, he is forthwith be- 
headed upon the nexte market daye (wch fall usually uppon 
the tuesdaies thursdays & saterdaies,) or ells uppon the same 
daye that he is so conuicted yf markete be then holden. The 
engine wherewth the execution is done, is a square blocke of 
woode of the length of fower foote & an halfe, wch doth ride 
npe & downe in a slot, rabet, or regalt betwene twoo peeces of 
tymber that ar framed & set upright of fyue yards in height. 
In the nether ende of the slydinge blocke is an Axe keyed or 
fastened wth iron into the wood, wch beinge drawen up to the 
top of the frame is there fastened wth a woodden pynne, (the 
one ende set one a peece of woode wch goethe crosse on the 
twoo rabets, and the other ende beinge lett into the blooke, 
holdinge the axe, wth a notche made into the same after ye 
mann of a Sampson's post,) unto the middeste of wch pynne 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 161 

there is a long rope fastenede that oomeihe downe amonge the 
people, so that when the offendore hathe made his Confession, 
and hathe layde his neoke ouer the nethermoste blooke, every 
man there present dothe eyther take holde of the rope, (or 
puttethe foorthe his arme, so neere to the same as he can get, 
in token yt he is willinge to see true iustioe executed, and 
pnllinge oote the pynne in this manner, the head blocke wherin 
the axe is fastenede dothe fall downe wh suche a violence, that » 
if the necke of ye transgressoure were so bigge as that of a bull 
yt shoulde be cute in sunder at a stroke, and roll from the 
bodye, by an huge distaunce. If it be so yt the offendoure be 
apprehended for an oxe or oxen, sheepe, kyne or horse, or eny 
suche cattell : the selfe beaste or other of the same kinde, haue 
the end of the rope tyed somwhere unto them so that they 
drawe oute ye pinne wherby the offendore is executed. /And 
thus muche of Halifax lawe, wch I set downe onlie to shewe 
the custome of yt Country in this behalfe." 

In the same handwriting, which is of a legal character, follow 
some observations on the Laws of England, and a description 
of titles of honour. 

Mbbibaux. — What is the meaning of this word, as given in 
Heywood's Diaries, vol. iii., p. 86. — "Its verily beleeved by 
some that she dyed drunk, for she had drunk six meribauk 
pots full of ale that day, June 18, 1664." J. 8. 

[Merry Banks, a cold Posset. Bailey's Dictionary.] 



Utortahnrrifr of WLzbtoaxtij anb Ronton. 

EXTRACTED FROM " AlDRED's MANUSCRIPTS." 

Will of Josias Wordsworth, of Wadworth, Yorks., Esq., dated 
15 Feb., 1776, (being of sound disposing mind and memory) 
directed payment of all his just debts and funeral expenses, 
Mentions — Dear daughter Mary, wife of Charles Kent, Esq., 
dear daughter Anne, wife of Harry Verelst, Esq., sister • . . 
Chauncy, wife of William Henry Chauncy, Esq., wife's brother, 
the Rev. Arthur Robinson and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Algetor, 
wife's sister Mary Robinson, servant Margaret Hopkins, Alice 
Rose; appoints wife Executrix thereof. Witnesses — Simy 
Batty, clerk to Mr.* Wordsworth, John Lambert, clerk to 
Messrs. Newton and Venables, William Hammond, servant to 
Mr. Wordsworth. Codicil thereto dated 10 Sept., 1779, devised 
his farms, lands, and hereditaments, which he lately purchased, 
situate in Aston in the County of York, from the Earl of 
Holderness, with the appurtenances, unto Harry the eldest son 
of his daughter Ann Verelst, in fee simple, subject to an estate 
to the said Ann Verelst during the minority of her said son, 

Y.K.Q. X 



162 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

and to a charge thereon of £2000 in favour of the brothers and 
sisters of his grandson Harry Verelst. The Testator devised 
the closes, lands and hereditaments which he lately purchased 
of Mrs. Algetor called Hanging Banks and Baysfield in 
Sheffield, with the appurtenances, to his dear wife in fee simple. 
Witnesses — Jane Sykes, William Hammond, George Broadrick. 
Further Codicil dated 28 Nov., 1779, devise of Testator's farm, 
closes, lands, and hereditaments at Hardwick in the County of 
York, then in the occupation of Joseph Broadbent, unto his 
dear wife Ann Wordsworth, in fee simple. Devises his estate 
in the Isle of Thanet as therein mentioned and gives £500 to 
each of his said two daughters Mary Kent and Ann Verelst. 
Witnesses— Geo. Broadrick, William Hammond, John Holmes. 
Wills and Codicils proved P. C. C, 28 Sept., 1780, by Mrs. 
Wordsworth. 

14 and 15 April, 1785. Indentures of Lease and Release, the 
Lease made between Harry Verelst of Aston in the County of 
York, Esq., of the one part and Robert Gosling, of London, 
Esquire, William Henry Chauncy, of Edgcott, Northampton, 
Esquire, and Rev. William Mason, of Aston aforesaid, Clerk, 
of the other part, And the Release made between the same 
persons as are parties to the said Lease, affecting all that the 
Manor or Lordship or reputed Manor or Lordship of Aston 
aforesaid, and all that the capital and other messuages, lands, 
tenements and hereditaments of him the said Harry Verelst, 
in Aston aforesaid, or in Aughton alias Aigton, Hardwick or 
Hodwick, Co. York, or any of them and lately purchased of 
Robert, late Earl of Holderness, and also all that moiety or 
half part of the whole into two equal parts to be divided, of all 
those the Manors, messuages, lands, woods, tenements, and 
hereditaments, lying and being at Wadworth, Penistone, and 
elsewhere in the County of York, with the appurtenances, and 
late the estate of Josias Wordsworth, Esq., deceased. Me- 
morial executed by the said Harry Verelst in the presence of 
Christopher Alderson, of Tickhill, County York, clerk, and 
William Ball, of Rotherham, gentleman, and registered 14 
May, 1785, at Wakefield. 

Yorkshire to wit. John Turner against Josias Wordsworth 
for £97 2s., debt. Judgment signed the 11 Nov., 1765. Allowed 
for costs 63s. Witness the hand of Edwd. Benton, Junr., for 
Thomas Owens, Esq., Secondary of His Majesty's Court of 
King's Bench. Registered 81 Jan., 1766, at Wakefield. 

A Memorial of a Judgment in His Majesty's Court of King's 
Bench at Westminster, of Trinity Term in the 84th year of the 
reign of King George the 3rd, between Philip Perkins and 
Jane his wife, Executors of the last Will and Testament of 
Mary Griffith deceased, plaintiffs, and Sir Charles Kent, Bart., 
Executor of the last Will and Testament of Harry Verelst, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 163 

Esq., defendant in a plea of debt for '£6600. Judgment was 
signed in the above cause the 8th August, 1794. John Clarke, 
assistant to the Clerk of the Judgments, in the absence of 
Robert Forster, Esq., Secondary. Registered 7 Sept., 1792, at 
Wakefield. 

Wadworth. Extract from the Inclosure Act. "And whereas 
Josias Wordsworth, Esq., is Improprietor of the corn tithes 
and patron of the Vicarage of Wadworth, within the Peculiar 
Jurisdiction of Wadworth aforesaid." 

Will of Arthur Robinson, of Kingston -upon-Hull, Clerk, 
made and published the 24 Oct., 1792, whereby after payment 
of all his just debts he gave and devised his messuage and 
dwelling-house wherein he then dwelt, with the appurtenances, 
in Postern Gate, Kingston aforesaid, and all his farms, lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments in Sutton in Holderness, and all 
other his real estate with the appurtenances, unto his wife 
Elizabeth Robinson for life, and after her decease unto his 
Mends Joseph Sykes of West Ella, Kingston-upon-Hull, Esq., 
the Bev. John Bourne of the Charter House, same town, Clerk, 
and William Travis of same town, Merchant, their heirs and 
assignees, upon trust for sale and pay the proceeds thereof as 
to one moiety to Testator's sister, Ann Wordsworth, absolutely, 
and the other moiety to Testator's other sister Mary Robinson, 
absolutely. The Testator gave to his said wife the use of his 
plate for life, and after her decease, equally between his said 
sister Mary Robinson and his two nieces — Dame Mary Kent 
and Ann Verelst. Mentions — sister Mrs. Agnes Thompson, of 
Brompton Row, Knightsbridge, Miss Mary Agnes Lillington, 
respected Mend the Rev. Mr. Mason of Ashton, York, Clerk. 
Witnesses — Josiah Prickett, Attorney at Law, of Hull, Nath. 
Holmes, Junr., his Clerk, Joseph Cawthron, servant to the said 
Arthur Robinson. Proved Prerogative Court of York. 

Original Affidavit of Mrs. Yerelst. 

Verbatim et literatim. 

" Wordsworth Pedigree." ' 

Josias Wordsworth =p Sarah 
of Water Hall, Esq. 
Died after 1706 



A | 1st wife | B 2nd wife 

John Wordsworth Ruth =pElias Wordsworth=7=Ann Milner 

of Burton Grange, Baynes of Sheffield, born 

Esq., born 8 Feb. in 1668, died 

1657, died about about 1724 
1709 



164 



YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



c I 

Josias Wordsworth 
afterwards of Lon- 
don, Esq., born 16 
April, 1691, died 
in 174! 

I 



I D 

Samuel Wordsworth 

of London, Esq., 

born in Nov., 1701 

died sans issue in 

1774 



Anne Wordsworth 
born July 30, 1717 

married Peter 

Christopher Algetor 

died sans issue 

about 1794 



Josias Wordsworth =p Ann Robinson 



the yor of Wadworth, Esq. 
died in June, 1780, des- 
cribed in his father's will 
as his eldest son 



died in Nov., 1814, 

Vide Probate 
buried at Wadworth 



Mary Ann 

married Sir Charles married Henry 
Kent, Bart., died in Verelst, Esq., 
Sept., 1817, buried and now living 
at Wadworth 
Ann Verelst, of Holywell in the County of Hants, widow, 
maketh oath and saith that the Josias Wordsworth the younger, 
of Wadworth in the County of York, Esquire, in the foregoing 
pedigree last named and therein stated to have died in June, 
1780, was this deponent's father and the late husband of Ann 
Wordsworth, widow, this deponent's mother, to whom he 
devised in fee his freehold estate, situate in Dunster Court and 
in Mincing Lane and Mark Lane in the city of London, and 
saith that the 6aid Josias Wordsworth was the eldest son and 
heir at law of Josias Wordsworth of London, Esquire, and the 
eldest grandson and heir of John Wordsworth of Barton 
Grange, Esquire, and the great grandson and heir of Josias 
Wordsworth, of Water Hall, Esquire, all severally named in 
the above pedigree, and saith that the said Josias Wordsworth 
the younger was the cousin and heir at law of Samuel Words- 
worth of London, Esquire, and of his sister Anne Wordsworth 
afterwards Anne Algetor, widow, in the said pedigree named, 
who were the children of Elias Wordsworth a younger son of 
the said Josias Wordsworth of Water Hall, Esq., first named, 
which said Samuel Wordsworth and Anne Algetor, widow, both 
died without issue. Viz. the said Samuel Wordsworth in the 
year 1774, and the said Anne Alegtor about the year 1794 : 
(signed) " Ann Verelst." Sworn at the Public Office, South- 
ampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London, this 19th day of 
July, 1818, before me (signed) " Jas. Stopler." 

Parish Church, Penis tone. York. Baptisms. 
A. Johannes filius Josice Wordsworth natus Febr. 8 et 
baptizatus fuit Dartoni© Febr. 16, 1657* 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 165 

B. Elias filius Josi® Wordsworth Jan. 24, 1668. 

C. JosiaB filius Johis Wordsworth de Barton Grange, natus 
Apri. 3, bapt. May 19, 1691. 

Parish Church, Sheffield. 

D. Baptizati 1701, mense Novemb. Samuel filius Eli® 
Wordsworth Mercer de ead. 

E. Anne daugr. of Elias Wordsworth, Mercer, born July 
30, bapt. September, 1717. 

F. Will of Josias Wordsworth late of the parish of Saint 
Dunstan in East London, Esquire, dated March, 1748, devised 
all his Beal Estate to his wife Mary Wordsworth for life, 
mentions eldest son Josias Wordsworth. Proved P. C. C. 26 
Jany., 1749. 

Bill of Complaint filed in Chancery in the Suit of Calcraft v. 
Cook in Vice Chancellor Stuart's Court. Beoites Indentures 
of Lease and Belease dated respty. 29 and 80 Jany., 1812, 
between Ann Wordsworth of the 1st part, Dame Mary Kent, 
Widow, of the 2nd part, and Sir Charles Egleton Kent, Bart., 
of the 8rd part. Will of Ann Wordsworth dated 8th July, 1809, 
Codicil thereto dated 17 Aug., 1810. Her death on 19 Nov., 
1814, and proof of Will and Codicil on 2 June, 1815, in the 
proper Ecclesiastical Court. Further recitals (1) Indenture 
dated 81 May, 1815, between Dame Mary Kent of the one part 
and Sir Charles Egleton Kent of the other part. (2) Death of 
Dame Mary Kent in September, 1817, leaving three children 
only, Dame Mary Thorold, wife of Sir John Hayford Thorold, 
Bart., Louisa Elizabeth, wife of John Litchford, Esq., and 
Sarah Ann, wife of Leonard Walbanke Childers, Esq. (8) 
Death of Dame Mary Thorold in month of Dec, 1829, in life- 
time of husband leaving Sir John Charles Thorold, Bart., her 
only son and heir at law and sole next of kin her surviving. 
(4) Indenture dated 14 June, 1848, between John Litchford 
and Louisa his wife, of the one part, and the Plaintiffs to this 
Suit of the other part. (5) Death of Leonard Walbanke Childers 
many years ago leaving his wife him surviving, (6) Will of 
Sir Charles Egleton Kent dated 25 July, 1818, and Codicil 
thereto dated 27 Aug., 1880, his death on 5 Dec, 1884, and 
proof in proper Ecclesiastical Court. (7) An Order of his 
Honor Vice Chancellor Sir John Stuart in " the matter of the 
mortgaged and trust estates of Ann Wordsworth of Wadworth, 
widow, deceased, and in the mattaj of the Trustee Act, 1850," 
dated 21 Dec, 1852. The action was for an Injunction and 
damages, costs and expenses. 

The Manor of Dorking, Surrey. Court Baron of the Hon* 
Charles Howard and Abraham Eucker, Esq., Lords of the 
Manor, holden Friday 28rd October, 1747, by Thomas Harris, 
Gentleman, Steward, there it is enrolled thus — That at that 
Court the 2nd proclamation was made for the heir or heirs of 



166 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Lambert Ludlow, late of Bansted, Surrey, Esq., deceased, 
claiming title to All thoae Copyhold Estates therein particularly 
specified within this Manor to come and take the same out of 
the Lords of this Manor. And that at that Court Josias 
Wordsworth of London, Esq., and Mary his wife, Joshua Smith 
of Battersea, Surrey, Esq., and Anne his wife, and Elizabeth 
Hawkins the widow and relict of Philip Hawkins, Esq., deceased 
(which said Mary, Anne, and Elizabeth were the sisters and 
coheiresses of the said Lambert Ludlow) by Bichard Glover 
their next friend came and humbly prayed that they the said 
Mary, Anne and Elizabeth might be admitted tenants of the 
Lords of this Manor to the said Copyholds with their appur- 
tenances. And the Lords by their Stewards granted them and 
their heirs for ever admission as coparceners subject to the 
fines, rents, heriots and services. 

[This proves that Josias Wordsworth of London, Esq., mar- 
ried Mary Ludlow, although not shown in Affidavit of Mrs. 
Verelst.] 

Jolliffe Indenture of Bargain and Sale dated 23 May, 1768, 

and between John Jolliffe of Petersfield, in the County 

Baven of Southampton, Esquire, and William Jolliffe of 

(7) same place, Esquire, eldest son of the said John 

Jolliffe of the one part and Robert Baven of the 

Liberty of the Bolls, Middlesex, Gentleman, of the other part. 

Whereby (interalia) All that Messuage or Tenement with the 

appurtenances situate in Ewell, Surrey, abutting on the road 

leading from Ewell to Bansted on the south-west part, on Ox 

Lane on the north-east part and on Ewell Common Field on 

the south-east part is stated in the tenure of Mary Wordsworth, 

widow. [The above, formerly Mary Ludlow.] 

(Extracts from these MSS to be continued.) 



ACKWOBTH BEGISTEBS.— 1586-1600. 

by the rev. j. l. saywell, f.b.h.s. 

Mabbiages, 1586. 
Thomas Bishworth and Margery Austwicke, married Oct 9. 
Thomas Folds and Anne Howet, October 16. 
Willm Waringe and Isabell Foster, Febry. 27. 
[No deaths recorded.] 

Baptisms, 1587. 



Anne Grenfelde, baptised Julie 

16. 
Willm Jackson, Julie 20. 
Anne Whiticars, August 20, 



Elizabethe Azacher(?) Septemb. 

80. 
Bichard Ashe, October 20. 
Anne Bawson, Novemb. 27. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



167 



Elizabethe Helilaye, Septemb. 

21. 
Alis Huntingden, Septemb. 25. 



Willm Biggliskirke, Decemb. 8. 
Elizabethe Horncastle, Janua- 

riel3. 
Henrye Wilson, Februarie 18. 
Marbiages. 

Richard Lyard and Elizabethe married October 29. 

. John Austwicke and Katheryne Pickeringe, Novemb. 6. 
Bic Breman and Ursula Rawlin, Maye 28. 
Edward Swallowe and Elizab. Shillito, Jannarie 80. 

Willm Wood and Elizabethe , 

Robt. Usher Rector presented to ye Living by Q. Eliz. Feb. 

1588. How long he held this Living is uncertain, but he 

resigned it for the Living of Bulmor, & was succeeded by Will 

Lambe who was presented by Q. Eliz. also.* 

[No burials recorded.] 

Baptisms, 1588. 



George Howet, baptised Marche 

28. 
Willm Prince, Marche 29. 
George Thackera, Aprill 10. 
Anne Hawet, May 8. 
Willm Aspiner, August 20. 
George Shillito, August 25. 
Richard Grene, Septemb. 21 
Richard Bramham, Septemb. 22 



Elizabeth Corker, Decemb. 11. 
Henrye Austwicke, Decemb. 18. 
John Whiticars, Januarie 15. 
Richard Folds, Februarie 1. 
Mary Hawksworth, Februarie 

24. 
Richard Adamson, Marche 12. 
Emmat Bidiall, Marche 21. 
Willm Dobson, Marche 24. 



Makbiages. 

Thomas Smithe and Alis Burton, married June 28. 
Willm Simson and Kathyn Brigs, Julie 28. 
Edward Heaton and Isabell Emson, August 11. 
Edward Eshe and Alis Beoket, Janua 11. 
Jo. Bidiall and Agnes Folds, Janua 21. 
Bubialls. 



Elizabethe Harde, buried Aprill 

7. 
Jane Dodgson, Aprill 16. 
Robert Hall, Maye 28. 
Margret Hall, Maye 27. 
Jennet Heaton, June 1. 
John Scholaye, June 11. 
Leonard Wetherhead, June 28 
Anne Scholayn, Julie 15. 
Robert Watson, Septemb. 8. 
Uxor* Farrand, Septemb. 12. 
Ellin Ashe, Septemb. 24. 



Esabell Mallerye, Septemb. 24. 
George Hawet, Septemb. 29. 
Richard Ashe, Ootober 12. 
Richard Bramam, October 12. 
Thomas Grene, October 26. 
Francis Crawshaye,Novemb.26. 
Mary Shaye, Decemb. 24. 
Gilbert Shawe, Januarie 6. 
Margret Folds, Januarie 81. 
Jennet Barker, Februarie 7. 
Richard Folds, Marche 18. 



• Tone makes Robt. Usher's successor to be " Joh Wilson (resigned for 
the Rectory of Bnlmer)," Will Lambe being inducted " 16 Jan 1594." 

• " Uxor" of course means "the wife of ," but it is possible it may 

btve been used in the same way as " Dame " in later times. 



168 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Anne Bower, baptised Aprill 18 
George Padget, Aprill 20. 
Margret Padget, Aprill 20. 
Dennys Lake, June 1. 
Bic. & Tho. Halilaye, June 18. 
Willm Bidiall, June 14. 
John Bramham, August 18. 
Henrye Bushell, August 24. 
Richard Aspiner, August 24. 



Baptisms, 1589. 



Willm Heaton, Septemb. 7. 
Willm Simeon, Septemb. 8. 
Betteris Eshe, Septemb. 26. 
Jane Eshe, Septemb. 80. 
George Swallowe, Novemb. 12. 
Boger Grenfeld, Januarie 11. 
Anne Thacker, Januarie 18. 
Francis Waringe, Januarie 18. 
Anne Howet, Marche 4. 



Mabkiaoks. 
Thomas Shawe and Jane Robinson, married Septemb. 
Tho. Stillinge and Alis Binglaye, Decemb. 29. 
Mathewe Dodgson and Anna Peele, Januarie 20. 
Willm Smithe and Jane Sandson, Januarie 8. 
Richard Banold and Margret Mason, Januarie 9. 

Burialls. 



14. 



Jennet Horncastle, buried 

Aprill 4. 
Margret Folds, Maye 28. 
Willm Austwicke, Senr., 



Maye 



Marye Paslaye, June 4. 
Agnes Mason, June 8. 
Bic. & Tho. Halilaye, June 16. 
Isabell Pickeringe, June 24. 
Grace Robinson, Julie 1. 

Baptisms, 
Bichard Shawe, baptised Maye 

5. 
Mary Benold, baptysed Maye 10 
Francis Corker, Maye 81 
Hen. & Mary Horncastle, June 

20. 
Alis Bigliskirke, October 7 
John Mallerye October 18, 



Isabell Rawson, Julie 29. 
Willm Heaton, October 28. 
Agnes Redman, Novemb. 8. 
Anne Becket, Novemb. 19. 
Alexander Johnson, Januarie 



Willm Ridiall, Januarie 26. 
John Ashe, Februarie 12. 
Robert Jackson, Marche 15. 

1590. 
William Dodgson, Novemb. 22. 
Thomas Gawood, Decemb. 6. 
Anne A damson, Decemb. 8. 
Elizabethe Ward, Februarie 6. 
Alice Dodgson, Februa 7. 
Willm Scholaye, Februa 14. 
John Norton, Marche 21. 



Mabriaoe8. 

Jo. Munket and Jane Brigs, married Aprill 26. 
Rob. Midleton and Jane Jarcks, June 24. 
Rich. Pickeringe and Alis Wager, August 6. 
Rob. Brodhead and Sibbell Watts, August 28. 
George Isat and Emmat Eliot, Novemb. 16. 

Burialls. 



/ Maria Benold, buried June 6. 
Edward Austwicke, Julie 25. 
Bichard Gorbrige, August 6. 
Anne Prince, August 9. 



Mary Foores, Novemb. 8. 
Jennet Saunder, Decemb. 11. 
Mathewe Dodgson, Decemb. 27 
Lawrence Whiticars, Januarie 1 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



John Roods, August 80. 
Margret Walker, Septemb. 18. 
John Whythead, Septemb. 19. 
Lionell Wormall, Octob. 8. 
Christopher Bobinson, Ootob.14 
John Mallerye, Octob. 81. 
Anne Morlaye, Novemb. 8. 

Bapptisms, 



Willm Simson, Januarie 1. 
Rowland Scryvyner, Febrnarie 

21. 
Agnes Horner, Marche 14. 
Margret Burton, Marche 21. 
Willm Bushell, Marche 24. 



1591. 



Robert Hawksworthe, baptysed 

Aprill 15. 
John Wilson, Aprill 20. 
Margerye Folds, Aprill 22. 
Alis Sunderland, Aprill 25. 
Ursulaye Fernlaye, Julie 21 



John Brears, August 7. 

Jane Padget, Novemb. 18. 

Jane Wilkinson, Novemb. 2G 

Annes Grene, Februa 18. 

Marye Simson, Februa 21. 

Anne Cawood, Marche 24. 
Marriages. 
Francis Noble and Anne Roberts, married Aprill 20. 
Leonard Brooke and Eathe. Maser, Novemb. 81. 
Richard Fricklaye and Margret Ellis, Decemb. 7. 
Witworth Wilkinson and Ann Austwicke, Januarie 24. 
Bubialls. 



Margret Horncastle, buried 

Aprill 2. 
Willm Bigliskirke, Aprill 22. 
Alis Dodgson, Maye 2. 
Isabell Fricklaye, Maye 5. 
Margret Bigliskirke, Maye 29. 
John Aspiner, June 24. 
Marye Manser, August 8. 
John Renold, August 25. 
Thomas Howet, Septemb. 9. 
Allan Wyse, Septemb. 11. 
Richard Howet, Septemb. 19. 



Agnes Tiplin, October 24. 
Margaret Scholaye, Novemb. 7. 
Uxor Scryvyner, Novemb. 12. 
Anne Howet, Novemb. 16. 
Willm Burton, Novemb. 17. 
Sibbell Waun and Eli Smythe, 

buried Decemb. 6. 
Margret Jackson, Januarie 5. 
George Heaton, Janua. 28. 
Willm Corker, Februa 18. 
Isabell Huntingden, Februa 27* 
Jane Johnson, Marche 4. 



Mary Whiticars, baptysed 

Marche 26. 
Elizabeth Renold, Marche 28. 
Alis Bigliskyrke, Marche 28. 
Mary Mallerye, Marche 80. 
Thomas Dodgson, June 25. 
Anne Midleton, Julie 29. 
George Norton, August 24. 



Bapty8HS, 1592. 



Robert Heaton, Novemb. 10. 
John Parker, Januarie 7. 
Willm Grenfeld, Februarie 2. 
Alis Ridiall, Februarie 4. 
Jane Wilkinson, Februarie 8. 
Robt. Fearnlaye, Februarie 24* 
Isabell Tailior, Marche 2. 
Henrye Simson, Marche 16. 



Marriages. 
Thomas Mallinson and Emot* Brathawat, married June 7. 
Bobt. Glyfe and Anne Nelson, Auguste 6. 
Richard Folds and Isabell Mason, Novemb. 20. 

* This name is spelt Emot, Ernst, Emmat, and Emmet in various places, 
ud it equivalent to the modern " Emma." 



170 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



BUBIALLS. 



Marye Simson, buried Aprill 5. 
Anne Brigs, Maye 14. 

Ellin , June 6. 

Marye Austwicke, Julie 12. 
Willm Dobson, Julie 29. 
Elizabethe Adamson, August 11 
Anne Midleton, August 14. 
Anne Prince, August 21. 
Jane Scholaye, Septemb. 16. 

Baptysms, 



Willm Bcholaye, Novemb. 11. 
Eatheryne Norton, Novemb. 28 
Edward Heaton, Decemb. 12. 
Agnes Wormall, Decemb. 16. 

John , Januarie 28. 

Alice Blackburne, Februarie 10 
Willm Hobson, Februarie 22. 
Margret Padget, Marcbe 2. 



1598. 



Anne Drowrye, baptysed Aprill 

25. 
Elizabethe Thacker, June 17 
Alis Cawood, Julie 29. 
Isabell Folds, Septemb. 16. 



JennetBlackburne, Septemb. 21 
Robert Ward, October 7. 
Willm Hawksworth, October 14 
Richard Norton, Novemb. 17. 



Bubials. 



Robert Bidiall, buried Marche 25 
Margaret Redman, Marche 26 
Isabell Taliour, Marche 30. 
Alis Bigliskirke, Aprill 4. 
Mary Eshe, Aprill 25. 
Edmund Brigs, Aprill 21. 
Willm Grenfeld, Aprill 29. 
Isabell Eshe, Maye 6. 
Jo. Bell and Anne Dodgson, 

Maye 9. 
Jennet Bigliskirke, June 7. 
Margaret Renold, Julie 14. 
Anne Cawood, Julie 20. 



John Jinkinson, August 19. 
Edward Bushell, August 24. 
Richard Fricklaye, Septemb. 27 
Isabell Folds, Septemb. 80. 
Alice Robinson, October 8. 
Margret Bryers, Novemb. 25. 
Marye Ward's 2 children, 

Decemb. 2. 
John Ridiall, Decemb. 9. 
Edward Eshe, Decemb. 9. 
John Turker, Decemb. 25. 
Elizabethe Aspiner, Januarie 80 



Willm Lamb, Rectr, presented to this Living by Queen Eliz. 
in Januarie, 1594.* 

Baptisms, 1594. 



Robert Bushell, baptysed Aprill 

14. 
Tho. and Jennet Bigliskirke, 

Aprill 14. 
Thomas Norton, Maye 1. 
Jane Taliour, Maye 16. 
Margerye Williamson, June 15. 
Nathaniel Wilson, Julie 28. 
Robt. Cawood, August 21. 
Eliz. Wilkinson, August 21. 



Batholomewe Heather, August 
25. 

Marye Bentlaye, Septemb. 29. 

Elizabethe Adamson, Decemb. 2 

Stepen Folds, Decemb. 25. 

Timothye Parker, Januarie 12. 

Willm Briers and Margret Big- 
liskirke, Januarie 12. 

Robert Norton, Februarie 9. 

Willm Wilkinson, Marche 28. 



* There is no mention of the induction of Willm Lamb's predecessor Joh. 
Wilson. 



YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



171 



Bobert Wormall, buried Maye 12 
Arthur Feamlaye, Maye 14 
John Eshe, Januarie 19. 



Bubiallb. 



Willm Hawksworthe, Marohe 7. 
John Huntingdon, Junr. y 
Marche 12. 



Baptisms, 1595. 



Alis Drowiy, baptysed Aprill 6. 
Jane Whyticars, Aprill 28. 
Thomas Thacker, Maye 4. 
George Austwicke, Maye 11, 
Willm Dodgson, June 18. 
George Chauntrye, Maye 11 
Francis Simson, Maye 11. 



Willm Austwicke, Pebrua 18. 
Ellin Alderslaye, Aprill 18. 
Stephen Folds, June 6. 
Jennet Dodgson, Auguste 81. 
Willm Kawson, Septemb. 12. 
Jo. Broadlaye and Willm Bent- 
laye, October 15. 



[No Marriages or Burials recorded in 1595.] 
Bapttsms, 1596. 



Francis Wilkinson, baptysed 

Maye 1. 
John Hawksworthe, Maye 10, 
Thomas Parke, Maye 20. 
Anne Howet, October 80. 
Alis Glyfe, Septemb. 80. 



Sibbel Alderslaye, August 18. 
Franncisca Folds, Novemb. 21. 
George Kaye, Januarie 1. 
Hughe Bushell, Januarie 2. 
Margrett Wills, Januarie 10. 
Marye W r illiamson, Februarie 2 



Bobert Wills, buried Julie 28 
John Shawe, October 28. 
Uxor Brooke, Septemb. 2. 
Thomas Huntingden, Januarie 
10. 



BURIALLS. 



Uxor Boyds, Januarie 20. 
Marye Williamson, Februarie 8 
Marye More, Marche 10. 



Bapttsms, 1597. 



Willm Blackburne, baptysed 

Marche 29. 
Elizabethe Smythe, Aprill 14. 
Anne Gla(y)ton, Aprill 80. 
Henrye Cawood, Maye 26. 
Thomas Austwicke, Julie 18. 
Marye Bentlaye, October 2. 
Marye Cawood, Septemb. 10. 



Henrye Wilkinson, Septemb. 8. 
Willm Lambe, October 9. 
Susan Chauntrye, Januarie 20. 
Grace Nelson, Januarie 25. 
George Shilito, Marche 5. 
Anne Williamson, Marche 12. 
Anne Baytman, Marche 12. 



Marriages. 
Thomas Cawood and Jane Howet, married June 12. 
Bo. Norton and Eliz. Stillings, Octob. 9. 
Willm Jackson and Ellin Bobinson, Decemb. 27. 
Bob. Hugh and Anne Brigs, Decemb. 5. 

Burialls. 



George Izat, buried Aprill 8. 
Anne Pyke (?) Aprill 6. 
Hugh Bushell, Aprill 8. 
Marye Austwicke, June 6. 
Uxor Jackson, June 9. 



Uxor Clyfe, Julie 14. 
Willm Wryght, Maye 28. 
Henrye Cawood, August 18. 
Henrye Smythe, Marohe 21. 



172 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Marriages, 1598. 
Thomas Gott and Jane Nut, married Januarie 8. 
John Garnar and Emat Izat, Februarie 12. 
Thomas Stagg and Alis Bedforthe, Februarie 12. 
Robt. Paslaye and Anne Shan, August 10. 
Lionell Prince and Isabell Norton, Novemb. 12. 
John Shillito and Jane Norton, Deoemb. 8. 
Baptysmb. 



Willm Norton, fil Bobt., bap 

tysed Maye 21. 
Thomas Clyfe, Septemb. 8. 
Jervas Bigliskirke, Septemb. 17 
Margret Parkinson, Septemb.17 
Marye Bigliskirke, October 1. 
Henrye Warde, October 29. 
Isabel Dodgson, October 29. 

Bubialls. 



Anne Austwicke, Novemb. 12. 
Margret Hugh, Novemb. 24. 
Ann Aspiner, Decemb. 28. 
Alis TaUour, Januar. 6. 
Alis Paslaye, Januar. 7. 
Mathias Becket, Februar. 24. 
Alis Ho wet, Marche 11. 



Uxor Smythe, Deoemb. 11. 
Anthonye Grenfeld, Januae. 10 



Thomas Austwicke, buried 

Novemb. 28. 
Uxor Howet, Decemb. 15. 

Bafttbms, 1599. 

Jana Cawood filia Thoma, baptysed Aprill 1. 

Jana Norton filia Jacobi, Aprill 7. 

Anna Wilkinson filia wont work* Wilkinson, Aprill 27< 

Jenneta Lee filia Bichardi Lee, Maye 1. 

Bichardus Simson filius William, Maye 18. 
[Erased] June 24. 

Anna Wilkinson filia Bichardi, July 8. 

Henricus Perke filius Francisci, July 15. 

Thomas Wilson filius Alice , Marche 2. 

Samuell Lambe, August 5. 

John Smythes filius Jacobi, Septemb. 8. 

Henricus Glyfe filius Boberti, October 6. 

Elizabethe Thomson, Novemb. 18. 

Margrett Bushell, Janua. 1. 

Joame Kaye, Januarie 20. 

Elizabethe Williamson, Februarie 8. 

Edward Bentley, Februarie 17. 

Henry Austwicke filius , Marchii 2. 

Alis Prince, Marche 16. 

Elizabethe Shillitowe, Marche 16. 
Bubialls. 



Margarett Scorer, buried Maye 

27. 
Anna Wilkinson filia wont work 

Jan. 17. 



Bobert Austwicke, October 21. 
Jennet Wood, Marche 24. 



• " Wont work," an allot, by which the mother of the child was commonly 
known.— ^J.Xj.S. 



YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 17$ 

Marbiages. 
Jaeobu8 Smythes and Emmet Huntingdon, married June 17. 
Thomas Broadlaye and Frances Norton, October 21. 
Francis Sanderson and Isabell Roper, October 21. 
Willm Willyson and Mary Walton, Novemb. 11. 
Henrye Huntingden and Anne Smithson, Jany. 22. 

J. L. Saywell, F.R.H.S., &c. 

Grassinoton Schismatics. — " The Prophetic Messenger," 
{1880) announces for December, 1828; " A new set of religion- 
ists sprung up at Grassington in Graven, styling themselves 
Nazarene Cariates. The chief tenet of this sect is, that all 
religious assemblies are unlawful except they are held in barns r 
alleging that our Lord was born in one ! " Is anything further 
known of them ? 



WBiftxt tofls foxs 2U>b*g? 

It is not often a matter in dispute as to the Site of an abbey 
for the simple reason (we suppose) that there are very few* 
instances in which sufficient relics do not remain upon the spot 
to point indubitably to the place where it stood. In the case 
of Fors however the monks were only settled four or five years, 
and as the climate was so bleak and the ground so unproduc- 
tive, doubtless a great part of their time would be taken up in 
conveying food and the necessaries of life to their new abode. 
Therefore in that limited period it is not likely that they would 
have anything but buildings of the rudest construction, certainly 
nothing of any architectural pretensions would be reared, which 
accounts for the fact that no fluted columns or groined arches 
remain (to prove the spot where Peter and his monks squatted 
during the short period in which they are said to have under- 
gone such great privations,) as is the case with many of our 
Yorkshire religious houses which flourished for a longer time 
and in a more genial climate than that of Fors. It may seem 
somewhat presumptuous on my part after nearly all the re- 
cognised authorities in topography and local history have 
assigned it to our place, that I should oppose my humble 
opinion to their great learning and experience on this question. 
However whether I am right or wrong, if I should succeed in 
eliciting information which will tend to settle the point my 
object will have been gained. The matter in dispute is as to 
whether the original foundation (i.e. scheme) of the hair- brained 
JEsculapian Ecclesiastic — Peter — transferred to Jervaulx, was 
really on Low or on High Abbotside, (two townships running 
for about 15 miles along the north bank of the Yore in Wens- 
leydale). Nearly all County topographers and local historians 
have assigned its Site to the former township. Oral traditions 



174 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

on the other hand, handed down we suppose for generations 
presumably from the times of Peter, point in favour of the 
Latter. Putting aside both written records and unwritten tradi- 
tions there appear to be plausible grounds however for con- 
tending that the madcap scheme of the Savignian monk had 
its locus standi at the latter named place. The two townships 
of High and Low Abbotside doubtless received their names from 
the fact of an abbey having existed there ; but so far the name 
would indicate an equal claim in favour of both as having 
contained the site of the Abbey. Additional strength however 
is given to the validity of local traditions as opposed to topo- 
graphical writers, when we consider that in High Abbotside 
there is a wild barren glen called Fors dale which is strongly 
confirmatory (etymologically) of the belief locally entertained 
that Peter-de-Qunciano's Abbey of Fors was not at Grainge in 
Low Abbotside but at Fors-dale in High Abbotside, the drainage 
of which latter forms the romantic and increasingly attractive 
falls known as Hardrow Bear fors, which in all probability gave 
its name to the valley (i.e. JFor*-dale). If it be true as stated 
in old documents, that when the monks came to Fors their 
hearts sank within them on account of the land being so stony 
and barren, the climate bleak, and the inhabitants inhospitable, 
so that after five years stay they were nearly starved to death ; 
this account certainly goes far to prove that the cold, cheerless 
and sterile valley of Forsdale and not the snug, sheltered and 
fertile domain of Dale Grainge, the manor or estate of the late 
Lord Wensleydale (Baron Parke), was the site of Fors Abbey. 
In support of this view, Lambert says— Sequel to Wensleydale, 
a Poem, published in 1819. — 

" Stay, stay my roving muse, no farther go, 
But haste thee back into the vale below, 
And on thy way at ancient Forsdale call ; 
Here superstition rear'd the abbey wall 
Its lofty walls are levelTd to the ground 
No more is heard the solemn organ's sound ; 
Where once the glimm'ring taper cast its rays, 
We now perchance behold the glow worm's blaze." 

I am reminded however that old records refer to it as " Fors 
near Askrigg " from which place Grainge is but one mile distant 
while Forsdale is six or seven miles away. This objection 
however to the claims of the latter is easily disposed of when 
we consider that no village higher up the dale than Askrigg is 
mentioned in Doomsday Survey, consequently we may reason- 
ably infer that no other place existed and that west of this the 
dale was either unfrequented wood or wild mountain heath, 
excepting where the monks had made a clearance — to use a 
modern colonial expression — in which case Askrigg would still 



YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 175 

be the nearest centre of population. In Longstaffe's " Rioh- 
mondshire " we read (p. 69) : In the reign of Stephen, Peter de 
Quincy, a Chirurgical Monk of Savigny, frequented the Earl of 
Richmond's Court and being accompanied by other brethren 
prevailed on Akar Fitz Bardolph to bestow on them the pro- 
perty at Fors, high up Wensleydale ; which will not apply with 
the same force to the Grainge site as the other. It must be 
remembered that the authors who have decided upon Grainge 
as the "local habitation" were not local men and were not 
conversant with prevailing traditions of the neighbourhood, 
they were simply seeking a site which they conceived must be 
near to Askrigg and they pitched upon what they thought a 
likely place regardless of the topographical etymology or tra- 
ditional lore of the district. I submit then all things considered, 
the etymology of the term, the circumstances of soil and climate 
and the voice of tradition ail appear to me to point almost 
irresistibly to the conclusion that Fors Abbey was at Fors dale 
and not at Grainge as stated by Mr. Barker, Hardcastle and a 
host of other itinerant writers who have followed them. 

John Routh, Hawks. 



#taiutsrrtpis of Br. Icljtt ^all, of Hipping. 

At the request of Mr. J. Horsfall Turner, I have undertaken 
to give an account of certain volumes chiefly in the handwriting 
of my ancestor John Hall, of Kipping House, near Thornton 
in Bradford dale, who died in the year 1709. We see him figure 
in the ( Autobiography of Joseph Lister,'* and in Oliver Hey- 
wood's Diaries,! as a practical physician, (whether licensed or 
or not, is a doubtful point) and a chief member of the infant 
Independent Church at Kipping which met in a building of his 
own adjoining his house.! Both his house and the building 
above mentioned are still to be seen by a visitor to Thornton. 
The latter bears the date 1669 so that it was ready for use 
when at the Declaration of Indulgence in 1672, Dr. Hall 
applied for a license. One of the manuscript books indicates 
Dr. Hall's claim to have studied medicine. It is a work com- 
piled by him in the year 1661, called 'A compendium and 
treasury of medicine and chirurgery,' Ac. It remains ready 

*p.54. f n. pp. 70, 109, 114. IV. 196, 224, 259, Ac. 

t From the Northowram Register Ac. 

Under ' Applications for licenses under Declaration of Indulgences 1672/ 

-John Hall, Bradford." 
Under " Meeting Houses registered at Wetherby Sessions, Jan., 1669." 
"Wee shall {God willing) assemble and meet at Kipping house in 
Thornton in Bradfordale, and at Jonas Dean's House in Mixenden in ye 
parish of Halltfax, Matthew Smith, Jno Hall, Joseph Lister, Jonas Deane,. 
Mb Hanson, John Berry." 



176 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

for the press, bat it does not appear that it has been printed. 
Dr. Hall died in London on 6th June, 1709, at the age of 78, 
and was buried in Thornton churchyard, olose to the south 
wall of the now ruinous Thornton Chapel. His gravestone 
boldly and deeply out still bears the inscription — ( Hie etiam 
deponitur corpus Johannis Hall de Kipping medici qui in 
Christ obdormivit'; the date has perished. He was buried with 
his son Zelophehad* who predeceased him having been born 
April 10th, 1665, and having died April 18th, 1676, as appears 
from the same stone. In allusion to him a motto has been 
out in a border round the stone, of which I make out the 
words — ' Like Jonah's gourd earth's best things be soon . • » 
soon ripe ? 

On Dr. Hall's death Kipping passed to his grandson Dr. 
Joshua Firth, t son of Dr. Hall's only surviving child Mary and 
John Firthj of Wheatley, (who had died in 1704). 

The MS. Books with wnich I am now dealing form seven 
volumes bound in leather; of which five contain chiefly sermons 
in Dr. Hall's handwriting apparently taken down as he heard 
them delivered at Kipping and elsewhere, the sixth is the 
medical work mentioned above, and the seventh is a book of 
accounts and prescriptions in the handwriting of Dr. Joshua 
Firth and covering the period 1728-1788. 

At present I confine myself to the volumes of sermons and 
to the light they throw on the religious history of the Bradford 
district in the period before and after the Revolution of 1688. 
The volumes are endorsed Quarto 8, Quarto 5, Quarto 6, 
Octavo 1, Octavo 8, containing respectively 660, 586, 478, 670 
and 224 pages. I regret to say that I have no trace of the 
other volumes of the two series, though no doubt they existed. 

The number of sermons in the five volumes is 842. I add 
the names of the preachers§ with the number of sermons by 
each. 

* Zelophehad Hall is no doubt the hero of the anecdote in Heywood'a 
Diaries, Vol. II. p. 240. 

t Joshua Firth appears in Heywood's Diaries as already practising and 
living with Dr. Hall from 1700. Vol. IV., 169, 219, 287. 

J For John Firth, see Heywood's Diaries, II. 88, (Jan. 23, 78), 121, 144. 

$ With this list compare Calamy passim. Also the account of the Kipping 
Church in Joseph Lister's Autobiography, p. 52. 

"After the Black Bartholomew Act was passed — when preaching and 
praying were such crimes in England as to incur great fines and imprison- 
ments, we had several houses where we met as that at Kipping, and John 
Berry's, and our house, and sometimes at Horton. We had Mr. Byther one 
year, and then he had a call to London ; sometimes Mr. Root, sen. ; Mr. 
Boot, jnn. ; Mr. Ness ; Mr. Manden ; Mr. Coats ; Mr. Bailey, and others ; 
and at last we got a man called Mr. Whitehnrst and he heoame our pastor. 
After some years a difference fell out betwixt him and several of the Church 
members, and they withdrew from him and I was one of those that did so. 
And about two years afterwards we heard of one Mr. Smith, a young man 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 177 

Mr. Accepted Lister, 184, (1699-1709.) Mr. Matthew Smith, 
(«) 115, (1688-1708). Mr. Firth, of Mansfield, (b) 47, (1681 ~ 
97). Mr. Ryther, (c) 7, (about 1668). Mr. Bayley, (167M699,) 
and Mr. Stopforth, of Pick worth, (a conformist,) (1678-9.) 8, 
Mr. Gamaliel Marsden, (1662.) Mr. Elkanah Wales, (d) (1649,) 
and Mr. Whitaker, (*) (1701-9.) 2, Mr. Jeremiah Marsden, 
(1662.) Mr. Ness. (/.) Mr. Heywood, (1700.) Mr. Collier, 
(1632 or 8.) Mr. Noble, (1700.) Mr. Sraallwood, (1662,) and 
Mr. Bristoe, (1649.) Mr. Robertson, (1654.) Mr. Dawson, 
(1658.) Mr. Jolly, (//) (1666.) Mr. Whitehurst, (h) (1677.) 

These sermons are in Dr. Hall's hand-writing, and the 
names of most of the preachers will be familiar to students of 
Oliver Heywood or Galamy. The following sermons which fill 
vacant pages in Dr. Hall's books, are in the hapd* writing of 
hi9 great-grandson, John Firth, and belong to a later gener- 
ation. Mr. Hulme, 8, (1740-4.) Mr. Macao,. (1748.) Mr. 
Doddridge, (1785.) Mr. Samuel Price, Mr. D. Jenings, Mr. 
Dan. Neal, Mr. Uffett,.[Huthwaite] of Idle, (1744,) 1. 

Having thus summarised, I must proceed a Jittje closer into 
detail. And first I must explain that Dr. HalJ had a system 
of cypher or short-hand, and in the times of persecution it was 
his habit to use this cipher for entering the time and place at 
which each sermon was preached. Often too, (rusting to the 
security thus afforded, he added to these memoranda some 
notes on current events. Later on in his life wfaen the danger 
had passed, he transcribed part of these cipher passages, thus 
giving us a clue to his system. I have not yet had time to 
decipher the passages left unexplained, but as Dr. Hall's own 
transcriptions are full of interest, I propose in the case of two 
of the volumes to give the headings just as they stand. 

that lived with his father at York, and a man of tine parts, we gave him a 
call to preach the gospel to ns which he accepted/' After Mr. Smith had left 
Kipping for Mixende^ Accepted Lister was solicited to. preach at Kipping, 
and at last prevailed upon •' chiefly by the moving arguments of the good 
Doctor Hall." In 1695 he moved to Bingley, but returned in . 1702 and 
continued pastor of the Church at Kipping till his death in Feb., 1709. 

a.— For Mr. M. Smith; cf. Heywood's Diaries, III., 214, 275. IV., 102, 
24.5, 294. Jos. Lister's Autobiog., p. 53. 

6.— For Mr. Firth, of Mansfield, see the Northowram Register, Index, and 
Dunton's Panegyrick. 

c— For Mr. Byther, see Heywood's Diaries, II., 289. 

(/.—Heywood's Diaries, III., p. 263. "precious Mr. Wales is dead in my 
absence, bury ed. at Leeds, May ii., 69. Noncon. Idol. Rayner's Pndsey. 

*.— Hyd's. Diaries, IV., p. 314. " T. Whitaker, A.M., of Leeds, author of 
sermons on Joseph Lister, etc/' 

/.-For Mr. Ness, see Heywood's Diaries, I., 227, 262, 290, 304. 

g.-For Mr. Jolly, II., 70, 95. 

/».— For Mr. Whitehurst and the disputes in which he was involved, see 
Heywood's Diaries, I., 223, 295. II., (Sep. 13th, 78,) p. 101. (Aug. 6th, 79,) 
p. 112. Dec. 19tb, p. 240. 

Y.X.Q. L 



178 YORKSHIRE NOTE8 AND QUERIES. 

I begin with quarto 6, as the sermons it contains are as a 
rule earlier than those in the other books. They are for the 
most part by Mr. Matthew Smith, who was minister at this 
time of the Kipping Congregation. Words in italics are taken 
from Dr. Hall's index. 

p. 1. Mr. S., Kipping. Janu. or mon. 11th. Day 10th, 
1681. Shuckden. 

p. 10. Mr. S. Janu. or 11th mon. 12th day, 168}, at Kipp- 
ing, 7 at night. [Saturday night.] 

p. 28. Mr. S. 27th Janu. or mon. 11th, 8}. Kipping at 
11 on ye day, grt. storme. [great snow.] 

p. 89. Mr. S. ffeb. 8. 168J. Kipping 7 at night, at Leeds 
Sundry, fined in 6 score pound now. M. S. 

p. 54. Mr. S. 10th of 12th mon. 168}. Kipping at 5 in 
morning. Great snow, but 6 besides ffamily. 

p. 66. Mr. S. 1st of 12th mon. 168}. Alerton, day of 
humiliation, [at brother Lister's, Alerton, day of prayer. 
? now 60 (at) Leeds. . . fined 160 lb. . . ] 

p. 76. Mr. S. 22nd June 84. At Shuckden at 11 on day- 
time. Sr. Tho. Armstrong executed. Taken in Holland, [at 
Leyden, Holland.] 

p. 87. (This sermon has the character of being copied out 
later, when Dr. Hall's handwriting had altered somewhat.) 

Mr. L. Fast Day publiquely appointed on accompt of warr 
with ffrance's usurpations, Dessolations by his Ambition and 
perfidy, for forces success by land & sea in fflanders, in Spain, 
in Germany, in Italy. 20th March, 1705. Mr. List'. Kipping. 
Joshua 5. 14. form, clause. Nay but as Captain of ye Lord's 
Host am I come. . . &c. 

p. 96. Mr. S. 11th of 2d mon. 84. [at] Shukden [day 
of humiliation. Mr. Smith.] 

p. 105. Mr. S. 2d. mon. 27th day, 1684 [at] Kipping. 

p. 115. Mr. S. July 9th, 84 [at] B.L. Alerton [day of 
humiliation.] 

p. 127. Mr. S. Kipping [day of humiliation. 

p. 188. Mr. S. 19th 7 ber, 84. Alerton. Brother] L[ister's], 
humiliation. 

p. 146. Mr. S. 10th 8ber, 84. Kipping, firyday [night 
at] for Lord's day. 

p. 159. 19th 8ber 84, [at] Kipping [at] 7 at night. Lord's 
day [night.] 

p. 175. Mr. Stopforth at Pickworth, 1678. 9ber 5th, 1678, a 
Conformist. 

p. 202. A Conformist also, (fast for plot.) A sermon preached 
9ber 18th, 1678, ye 1st ffast day for ye Plott. 

p. 229. Tlie same as visitation beffore ye clsartyy, <£e., at 
SUtford, May 9th, 1679. A Sermon preaohed at ye visitations 
at Sleford, before ye whole clergy & ye churchwardens of ye 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 179 

Areh-Deconry of Lincoln, on May 9th, 1679, by ye same con- 
formist. 

p. 289. Mr. S. 6th mon. 8th day [at] 10 at night [at] 
Kipping, 1688. Hue & cry for D. Monmouth, Gray & Arm- 
strong now. 

p. 258. Mr. S. Mon. 5th 15th, 88, [at] Kipping [at] 10 at 
night, wn. they are persecuting their Horrid damnable plott 
against many Innocent men. At the end of the sermon, * Of 
Russell, Trenchard, &c, as plotters, &c. 200 Lords are said to 
be in it, & Essex throat now cutt in Tower. Russel & Shafts- 
bury, &c, must off.* 

The sermons from this date to 28 Nov., 88, are on Job xxi., 
22, " Acquaint now thyself," &o. 

p. 275. July 22nd, 88, [at] Kipping [at night.] papall 
power now rises. 

p. 288. 29th 5th mon., 88, [at] 9 at night, [at] Kipping. 
Now Ld. Russell & other 8 executed on 20 & 21st of July. 

p. 302. mo. 6th, day 5th, at 9 at night, 2 suspitious persons 
among us, but we have our Ebenezers still to set up. 

p. 318. Aug. or mon. 6th, day 12th, 68, [at] Kipping, at 2 
in ye morning. 

p. 825. Aug. or mon. 6th, day 29th, 88, [at] Kipping, at 2 
in ye morning. 

p. 887. Aug. or 6th mon. 88, 25th. At night at 10. Satur- 
day night. New warrants now out againe. 

p. 847. Sept. 2d., 1688, [at] Kipping [at] 8 in ye morning. 

p. 359. 9th 7ber, 88, [at] Kipping, [at] 8 morning, warants 
for us for 3 weeks absenting and aprehending dissenters, &c. 

p. 372. Sept. 15th, 1688, [at] Kipping, [at] 9 at night. 
New warts, out for persons for ye misdemeanor of absenting & 
harboring such, &c. 

p. 885. 7ber 28th, 83, [at] Kipping, at 8 morning. 

p. 898. 7ber ult. 88, [at] Kipping, at 8 in ye morning. 

p. 412. 8ber 7th, 88, [at H. m n] Shuckden, at 3 in ye 
morning. 

p. 425. 8ber 14th, 88, [at] Kipping, at 8 in ye morning. 

p. 438. 21th 8br. 88, [at] Kipping, morn at 8. done [at 
6] in break of day. 

p. 452. Mr. S. 9b. 28d. 88. [at] Allerton. B[rother] 
L[ister's] . Humiliation Day [Day of Prayer.] 

p. 468. Mr. S. At Shuckden, Day 6th of mon. 1st, 8? [at 
sunrise morning. Mr. Smith.] 

p. 472. Mr. S. 

p. 474. day 20th. 

The headings to the sermons in the book called No. 6 of 
Quartos I will give next, first however giving the following 
passage from the Index page. 



180 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

"for it was (as they got swearng. perjured persons they 
suborned — nay Jefferey made any Colour of fauour towards ym 
or wt. he would oall to be such) to serue to take away their 
liues, and tho they had nothing agst. men in any of ye 4 plots 
or forgeries they made, yet no matr. still I was they would say 
a favourr. and knowing or hearing, as Russell's case, ye 4 
cases (& 4 eminent deliuerances) was — Bingley list of names 
forged & put in at stable door bottom— Gawthrop 2d. ffarnley 
wood. 3d. ye forged list of L. W. H. &c. 4o mon mouth, ye 
1st fairly detected by J. Taylr in whose name ye names was in- 
serted in 's ttr. . . . ? forged he a prissonr. ye 2d. M. W. 
came to aprnd me M. M. stopt it long unknown to me. ye 3d. 
M. W. himself prevented, some years ere I knew he did so. ye 
last J. 6. told it publiqly at Hardeubeck, I sent hors Arms & 
man. Gap. Kooks was such a day (as is noted) a coming to 
aprnd me. yet ye Id prevented still. 

1. Day of Humili, viz. 10th of 1st mon. 81 at B. ITs., 
Allerton, M. S. 

8. Mr. Wales at Pudsey, 1649. 

Ad fin. Tra scribitur undecimo die mensis Secundi Ano xti 
1685. 

17. ult. mens 1. (85. Kipping Humiliation Day. Mr. Smith. 

24. 8th of 2d. mon. (85. at John Hanson's, Mixenden. 

27. Mr. Smith, Kipping, Septemb. 15, 1708. Lecture. 

83. 26th Oct. (84. at Kipping, 4 in morning. Lord's Day. 
Mr. S. 

A Scotch plofct now talkt of, nobillity is charged with it. 

46. Kipping, at 6 at night. 9th 9br, 84. 

56. 16 9ber (84. at Br Berry's at 8 afternoon. 

64. at Kipping at 6 at night. 

75. at Kipping at 6 at night. 9br ult. 84. 

85. 7th lObr, 84. at Br. B*s. at 6 at night. 

96. 14th lObr, 84. at Kipping at 6 at night. 

107. 28o lObr, 64. Kipping at night. 

119. 11th mon. 8rd day. Kipping, at 6 at night. 

129. 11th of 11th mo. 87. at Kipping, at 6 at night. Mr. 
Heywood now has bis tryall. 

138. 18o. of 11th mo. SI. at Kipping, at 6 at night. Mr. 
Heywood is fined 50tb. Biot. 

147. Kipping, at 7 at night, ffryday for Lord's day. 23 of 
11th mon. 81. 

156. feb. or 12th mon. 1st day, 82. Kipping, 6 at night. 

165. ffeb. or 12th mon. 15th 85. Kipping, 7 at night. 
Now K. James to be pclamed to-day. 

172. 21st F. or 12th mon. 85. Kipping, 7 at night. 

180. 1st day 1st of March, 8f . Kipping, 7 at night. 

190. 8o of mon. 1st, 8*. Kipping at 8 at night. 
Assizes now begins. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 181 

199. 15th of 1st mon. 8?. Kipping, 8 at night. 

207. 22nd of 1st mon. 81. Kipping at 8 at night. 
Now Jesuits, Priests, Papists, are set at liberty at York, but 
Ptestants are prissoners. 

216. 28th of 1st mon. 86. Kipping at 8 at night. 
Cardinall Howard is said now to be coming from Borne to 
crown ye King. 

224. 2 mo. 5th day, 85. Kipping at 8 at night. 
Now Papists cause Clergymen in Lancashire to drink the Pope's 
Health. 

281. 12th of 2d. mon. (85. Kipping, 9 at night. 
Now it's said ye prissoners in Scotland are set att liberty by an 
Insurrection. 

241. 19o of 2d. mon. 85. Kipping, 8 afternoon. 
Now ye papists have 2 cardinalls to crown, &c, as is said. 

250. 26th April, 85. at Shuckden at 8 afternoon. 

259. 2 mon. 8d day, 85. Kipping at 8 o'clock. 
Now 16 at London are taken & fined for Riot. 

267. 10th May or mon. 8, 85. At Shuckden. fforenoori, 
they say now they have a warrant for Mr. S. but none is here. 

281. 12th of 5th mon. 85. At James Kighley's (not been 
with us of 8 weeks now.) Monmouth is rooted, for which 
Bone fires & Bells, and drinking Healths to Confusion of Pres- 
biterians, Ac. now 8 score are taken at York & carried 
prissonrs to Hull, & so from Hull to York. All sorts storme & 
Bage against us as helpers of ye Duke with men, Horse, 
monyes. 5000 is to be taken up in Yorkshire on yt accompt 
myself they tell it is one of ym. So Mr. Books said for Mr. 
Segar said yt I had sent man & Horse armes &c. 

291. Note yt Capt. Books 14o. day is coming to fetch me 
into Sessio's & so to prisson, but God suffered ym not to come 
to my house. 

292. 12th mon. 5th (85. at James Kighley's, at midnight. 
299. Kipping 10 night. 2nd of 6th mon. 85. Note yt 15th 

July ye Gentlemen of ye parish meets at Bradford to Consult 
(I supose on a list of names to take & imprisson persons) Note 
that day Monemoth is executed, (shorthand passage.) 

809. 7th day 8th of Aug. or 6th mon. 85. Shuckden 8 
night. Holland Embassador saith yt ye Bebels yt fled thithr 
shall be secured. Argile is routed & taken & trayd. 

820. 16 of 6th mon. 85. Kipping at 8 at night. 

880. 22nd Aug. 85. Shuckden at 9 at night. Now ye K. 
is still raising new soldiers, now prissonrs from London is 
carved to be tryed for their Hues in ye west Bumbolds Quartr. 
is boxed up fro Scotland to London. 

889. 80th Aug. or mon. 6th, 85. Kipping, 8 at night. 
many are Butchered & hanged on signposts in ye west, of all 
ages & sexes, <fcc. 



182 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Now a prodigious fish is taken at York 20° of August. 

847. 5°7ber, 86. Shuckden 9 at night. Now a lady is to 
be burnt for entertaining some of monmouths men, 2 gentle- 
men at her house &c. 

856. 18° 7ber, 85. Kipping, 8 afternoon. Maxfield now 
proclamed traitor & all yt relieues him. (short-hand.) 

866. 27° 7ber, 85. Kipping at 7 at night. 

876. 81 8ber, 85. Kipping, 7 at night. Jeffrey now hath 
condemned 1100 it said. Jeffrey is to be Lord Chief Steward 
of England, to try all Lords yt was not for the popish 
successor. 

886. 8ber 11° 88. Kipping at 7 at night. 

896. 25th 8 r - 85. Note yt Mr. S. came not ye week before, 
Ac Kipping, 6 at night. Now Sheriff Shutt is hanged at 
London, and another, &c, and a woman for helping some to 
escape, Ac, & we are disapointed, &c. 

404. 1st 9ber. 85. Kipping, 6 at night. Now its said 2 
Gardinalls is come to reduce England to Mother Church. 
Sheriff Cornish is executed att his own door, &c. 

(at foot of page) grt expectation from ye parliamt now, eithr. 
their discord and so popery falls ; or accord & its set up now. 

410. 9 r * 15th, 85. Kipping 5 at night, many executed at 
London on pretence of Shaftsbury conspiracy. Its said there's 
7000 in Yorkshire that's in it, and two of them they haue in 
Thornton. 

K. tells parlamt as he hath raised an Army in stead of ye 
militia, so hee will keep them, tho not quallifyed by the teste 
& expects money from ym to mai'tane them now. 

415. 22° 9 r 65. Kipping at 6 at night. K. wants of pt. 
now 4,000,000 to maintain his Army. They giue him 700,000 
in Excise and Custom &c. advisses him to put out his illegall 
officrs not qualifyed, <&c. & W. W. spks in comons house 
briskly agst ym, & of dang r - of popry with a high hand brought 
in. forthwith he's sent for into ye K's clossett to be made 
anoth r - creature. 

425. 25 8 r * 85. Kipping at 6 at night. Mr. S. came not 
Lds. day before. 

429. 1st 9 r - 65. Kipping 6 at night. Cornish hangd (& 
woman burnt now) Hussells bussyness. 

485. 15th 9ber, 85. Kipping, 6 at night. 

441. 22° 9 r - 85. Kipping, 5 at night. 48 Lords of parlmt. 
are wanting. K. will haue ym. raise him 4,000,000th. they 
grant 700,0001b. wil. willing tells ym. ye constitution of 
England is not for popry, they must look to it. 

447. 29 9 r 85. Kipping at 5 at night, parliamt is pro- 
rogued. Cook is comited to Town for saying in lowrhouse, 
Oentlmen lets never be run down with ye K's. grt words, let it 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 188 

be seen we've English spirits & mind onr duty & work we're 
come on. 

452. 5° 10 r - 85. Kipping at 5 at night. Lord Grey, Ld. 
Howard & Bumsey swears Lord Brandon, Gerard, &c, out of 
their lines as far as they can. Now Excisers comanded to take 
accompt of Beds & Stables in Inns. 

459. 18° 10*- 85. Kipping, 5 at night. Lord Brand or 
Gilbert Gerard is said now to be reprieued in order to a pardon 
for yt which now he's condemned for, he was pardond for it 2 
years agoe by ye late King, now its said 80 nobles is gone to 
Borne, & prisonrs at London is released (some grand dessign 
carying on.) 

464. 20 10*- 85. Kipping, 5 at night. Trepaning designs 
carying on ; plotts pretended for keeping an Army to ruine all 
Protestants by : a feigned plot draw up by Le Strange to reflect 
it on all sorts. 

468. 27. 10 r - 85. Kipping, 6 at night. Ld. Gerrard's 
pardon is renoked & Balamany is condemned for High Treason. 
A cardinall at Lond. preacht before ye K. & tells him wt. grt. 
things Virgin Mary hath done, hath put a sword in 's hand to 
destroy all hereticques. 

474. 8 of 11th mon. 85. Kipping, 6 at night. Delemere is 
now condemnd at Ghestr. Gerrard to have no pardon. K. 
sends to grt men in London to educate their children in Bom. 
Belig. now its known ye K. intends to quarter his army on ye 
Dissentrs ; soldirs insolent in their quartrs, &c. Now Papists 
in Lancashire bring openly their priests to bury their dead. 

479. 17° of mon. 11. 85. Kipping at 6 at night. K. hath 
sent into Ireland & reduced all to his will, put all protestants 
out k papists in arms, &c. Qu. said now to be wth childe. 

486. 24° of 12th mon. 8!. Kipping at 7 at night. Now 
Delamere is cleared, try'd by his peers. Gray and Bumsey 
witnesses &c. Albemarle 1st spoke & told on his Honour yt 
Delamere was not guilty. Lord Gerard & Hambden are re- 
prieued. The apparition of the army in ye North on yt day is 
confirmd. 

498. Day ult. Jan. or 11th mon. 85*- Kipping, 7 at night. 
Now protestants sadly persecuted by all statutes. 

499. 7° of 12° mon. 85 6 Kipping, 7 at night. M™ 8 - Whitk* 
now is Dead at York. 

805. 14° of 12th mon. 85*- Kipping, 7 at night. Now its 
said ye K. will haue 20,000 soldiers raised in Yorkshire of 
Abeyrents (?Adherents.) 

* Now Dr. King is knighted for his good service to ye late K. 
vide supradict wt. it was. 

511. 21° of mon. 12° 85. Kiping, 4 afternoon, now yt K. 
C. lined & Died a Cathollick is seen. 



184 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

517. 11 di. mens. 12* 85* Shuckden, sunrising. Now K. 
asks prelates ye reason they not like roman religion, they say 
because its so bloody, he confutes ym. 

Now in York 8 Altars are set up already, openly hath mass, 
papists seeks grt. men to turn. 

628. 7° of mo. 1st. 85* Kiping, 7 at night. Now Count 
Tradley is aliue againe; after he's kil'd & his head sent to 
Constantinople. 

529. Notes of a Sermon preached by Mr. Bayly at North- 
owrom, June 24, 1678. 

Hitherto I have given the headings to the sermons without 
omission, as far as they are in Dr. Hall's handwriting, and 
relate to his time. The headings in the remaining volumes 
have generally less historical interest, and I therefore propose 
only to give a few of the more remarkable. 

The 1st Octavo contains sermons by Mr. Bayly, Mr. 
Byther, Mr. Gamaliel and Mr. Jeremiah Marsden, Mr. Smith. 
Mr. Ness, Mr. Firth of Mansfield, Mr. Accepted Lister, Mr. 
Heywood, Mr. Collier, Mr. Noble and Mr. Whittaker. 

One of Mr. Firth's sermons is thus headed — 

"Feb. 14, 168S. At Mansfield. By Mr. Firth. Thanksgiving 
Serm. for Engl, deliuerace &c." 

It is to be noticed that William & Mary were declared King 
and Queen Feb. 18th, 1685. 

The solitary sermon by Mr. Oliver Heywood in this collection 
is headed — 

"Mr. Heywood, Northowrom. preparation for sacr. 7ber. 
1700." 

The next heading is characteristic — 

" Mr. Lister (ye litle) at Bingley. June 28, 1700." 

Further on, we have 

"Mr. Listr. at Kipping, publiq Thanksgiuing June 27, 
1706. grt victory ouer ye ffrench. fflandrs." 

This is Bamilies. 

My next volume " No. 8 of Quartos " begins with a sermon 
thus headed — 

" Mr. Firth, a Sermon Respecting ye electing of Parliam' 
men by Mr. J. Firth. Mansfield 1681 or 82." 

Then— " Mr. Smith. Mon. ye 3rd (i. e. May) ye 1st day (87, 
at Kipping in ye meeting-place, ye 2nd time after ye K's De- 
claration for liberty.* ' 

"Now we are in our meeting-place by ye K's proclam. 
Kirk men rage and storm exceedingly specialy at those yt used 
to bear in ye persecution time, naming Mr. Sh. 

This book contains an almost complete series of expositions 
of the 5th, 6th and 7th chapters of Canticles, 2 of them being 
delivered each alternate month, and the whole extending from 
Nov. 1702 to Feb. 1709, the time of the preacher's death. The 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 185 

sermons in any given month are headed respectively — " Pre- 
paration Day " and " Snpper Day." The « Supper Day ' was, I 
presume, a Sunday; the 'Preparation' seems generally to 
have been held on the Wednesday preceding, but sometimes 
the interval is greater, sometimes less, ranging between 5 days 
k 2 inclusive. 

The last sermon but one which Accepted Lister preached is 
headed 

"ffeb. 20, 170S. Supper Day. (preparation 17th Day, ye 
Day of Thanksgiving.) 

The next sermon, headed merely ' Afternoon ' has the follow- 
ing note appended — 

' Note yt next morning aflr this he was taken with convulsio's 
wch continued with some intermission untill Thursday night, 
and yn about 12 or 2 a clock he dyed — we lost him but ye 
Church Triumphant has Gained him. 1 

Again after another series of sermons preached weekly during 
the summer of 1708, on S' John, xiv. xv., we have this note at 
the end of the sermon of Sept. 12. 

"Mr. Listr intended to haue prooeeded in his expossition 
furthr herein, but ye Lord took him home, ffeb. 24th in ye 
night betwixt 12 & 2 a clock. He was Interred ffeb. 28th." 

Once more we have a series of sermons preached by Mr. 
Lister in the end of 1708, & early part of 1709, and one more 
note appended to the sermon of Feb. 18. " The next Lord's 
day was Supper Day. As this day he busyly & more difficultly 
attended and performed his work ; and finished this text : so 
ye Supper Day's work much more difficulty, which was his 
last, for next morning he begun to be taken with convulsions, 
which continued till Thursday night (with some intermission) 
& y 1 - took him off, to our grt. troble & loss, but his grt. Gain."* 

The note is continued in the hand-writing of Dr. Hall's 
great-grandson, John Firth. 

" for to him to Live was Xt. and to dy was Unspeakable 
Gain, & it was part of his Xtian Character that he desired to 
know nothing save Xt and him Crucified, & who had for his 
Motto this Short Epitaph inscribed on his grave-stone, 'Impen- 
dam & Expendar,' i.e. 1 1 will spend my Strength & be willing 

* These are probably tbe last words written by Dr. Hall, which we have, as 
within four months of this he followed Accepted and Joseph Lister to the 
grare. c.p. the " Northowram Register," ed. by J. Horsfall Turner. 

" Mr. Accepted Lister minr- at Kipping, preacht twice & administred Lds. 
Supper, Febr. 20, died Febr. 28. An excellent Preacher, a little helpless 
body, but a great and sound soul. Mr. Joseph Lister of Kipping, The 
Minn. Father died Mar. 11, aged abt. 80, an Eminent Christian, but a 
fortnight between his and his son's death, both buried at Thornton Chappel. 
Mr. Hall, of Kipping, died June 6. A solid Judicious Christian & a useful 
Physician, aged abt. 78, (p. 245.) Mr. John Hall died at London, June 6, 
('1708.' by mistake) 

See also Jos. Lister's Autobiography, p. 58, and Whitaker's Sermons. 



186 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

to be Spent in ye cause of Xt., & in bringing Sons to Glory by 
my preaching &c. A certain person was pleased to say of him 
that he was Vox & proeterea Nihil, because of his Excellent & 
Melodious Voyce, & being but of Low Stature, &c, &c, &c." 

Then follows, "April 17th, 1709. Mr. Whitaker Funeral 
Sermon for old Joseph Listr, Kipping. Dyed March 11th, 
Buried 14th. " The sermon as given here differs greatly from 
the form it takes in Whitaker 1 s published sermons. 

There are one or two more headings in this volume which 
have some interest. 

Thus, "Aug. 29th, 1708. Thanksgiving for Victory on'r 
ffrench army in Slanders in latr. end of June, 1708. Mr. Listr 
at Kipping. There was King of Frances 2 grandsons, Burbon 
& Birry, & George Chavilier ye Pretender at ye fight many 
slain, many taken." 

"Feb. 17th, 1708 9 - Thanksgiving for Army's success in 
fflandrs. Taking Lisle aftr 2 moneths besieged, recovering 
Ghent & Bruges & two fforts from ye ffrench, gaining a Batle 
at Overard, preserving Brussels wn. besieged &c. 

" March 28, 1708. Now wee've an acoompt of ye pretended 
prince of Wales with a ffrench Army in Scotland at Anderness. 

The volume called Octavo 5 does not call for illustration 
here. Nor need I say much of the later series of sermons in 
the handwriting of John Firth. Mr. Hulme, who contributes 8, 
was minister at Kipping. The sermon preached by Mr. Dodd- 
ridge, at Northampton in 1785, is strong evidence for John 
Firth being the interpolator of these later sermons, as we find 
from his father's account book, that, he was at Northampton 
from Aug. 1785 to Aug. 1786. 

In conclusion, I may claim for these volumes a distinct value 
as material for the history of Yorkshire religious life. They 
bring before us again a score or two of worthies of whom we 
have read something in Galamy, in Oliver Heywood, or in 
Joseph Lister's Autobiography ; they give us a large collection 
of the sermons which these men preached and listened to, with 
details of time and place, which speak eloquently of persecution 
met by conscientious perseverance; they show besides what 
rumours from the outer world came to disturb the remote & 
pious congregation of the West Biding. 

Perhaps I may be permitted hereafter to say a few words on 
more general points which are raised by these Hall & Firth 
MSS. G. C. Moore Smith. 

Berlin. 

York Mint. — Your correspondent was a long way out when 
he wrote his account of the York coins, which were not struck 
at York, but at South wark under Sir John York, Master of 
that Mint. T. W. S. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 187 

$ iajjue of £ttrfelb.* 

Many of oar readers will be interested in hearing that upon 
the occasion of opening a Vault in the area of the Old Parish 
Church, for the interment of the late Mr. Greenwood, of Dews- 
bury Moor House, a stone was found bearing the following 
inscription : — There was a Plague in the Parish of Mirfield, A. D. 
1631, whereof died 140." We believe the Churchwardens 
propose to have it placed in the wall of the Old Church Tower. 

William Rhodes, of Northorpe, died of the pestilence on the 
18th September, 1681, and was buried near the Church Porch 
on the 20th of the same month, as appears by the inscription 
on his grave-stone. Agnes, wife of William Rhodes, of Nor- 
thorpe, died of the same epidemical distemper, and was buried 
6th October, 1681. Now as there is no memorial of her death 
upon the stone, in all probability she and many more were 
buried near their own dwellings. I find Alice, wife of Henry 
Wraith, buried June 1st, 1681, and it is said, the husband 
would not be at the expense of getting his wife's corpse decently 
interred at a convenient distance from the house, which oc- 
casioned the following Rhyme. 

Henry Wraith to save a Crown, 
Buried his Wife in hay-stack ground. 



JtttQEtt anb &fr*plor Uri&ges. 

THE FOLLOWING IS A COPY OF A CURIOUS ENTRY IN THE MIRFIELD 
PARISH BEOISTEB, RELATING TO LEDOARD BRIDGE. 



Let it be known for the time to come, of the many suits and 
troubles that were between Robert Ledgard and the parishioners 
of Mirfield, about his bridge called Ledgard Bridge. 

1627. 
Robert Ledgard, about the year of our Lord 1627, did lay a 
pain in the General Quarter Sessions, on the inhabitants of 
Mirfield, of 1001, to repair the said bridge, and by the advice of 
John Armytage, Esquire, and Mr. George Thurgarland, there 
were eight or ten of the oldest men in Mirfield provided to go 
to the Sessions, who entered a traverse of the same, and by the 
testimony of Thomas Beaumont, Richard Lee, Henry Rhodes, 
and others, who could remember the first foundation of the 
said bridge, and that Ledgard's elders did build it only for the 
use of their Mill, and that before ever it was built, they kept a 

' We are indebted to Mr. Nevin and Mr. Chadwick, for the Mirfield Notes 
contained in the following pages. 



188 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

boat, and the close where the boat was is called still Boat- 
houses, and so he was cast in his own action, and when he saw 
he could not prevail, he presently after set on workmen and 
felled timber of his own, and begs some trees of others, and 
also begs money of some, who made use of his Mill, and like- 
wise got some gatherings in neighbouring parishes for it. 

1650. 
And in the year 1650 he brings it into the General Sessions 
again, and the Justices flung it out and would not hear him. 

1655. 
And in the year 1655, he brings an information against the 
inhabitants of Mirfield in the name of the Lord Protector, and 
Mr. Shaw, his Attorney, returns the writ again, and so the 
town was fined for not appearing, and 11 and odd money camo 
in issues, which the town paid before they knew, and they then 
retained Mr. Peoples, who put in an appearance, and it came 
to an issue at Lammas following, and there he was non-suited. 

1656. 

And he brought it on again at the next Lammas Assizes 
following, which was anno 1656, and was also cast there by the 
testimony of Eichard Beaumont, of Liversedge, who made a 
relation of the first Session's business. 

And presently after the Assizes, the said Robert Ledgard, 
and Edward Hep worth, together hire Joseph Senior and his 
man to repair and prop it, and also found wood and paid them 
their wages. 

1657. 

And again in the year 1657, after the death of Robert 
Ledgard, John Ledgard, his son, and some others, adjacent 
neighbours of their own accord, and especially for their own 
ends, did amend and repair that remaining at the far end, and 
sent Hirsts' wife of Snake Hill, and Will Walker's wife, to go 
about to beg money where they thought they could get enough 
to pay wages with. 

These are the particulars of the several lawsuits about Led- 
gard Bridge in the 17th century, inserted in the Parish Register 
for a memorandum to posterity. 



Note — The Mr. Peoples, above mentioned, will most probably l>e Mr. 
John Peobles, or Peebles, who wan a Barrister and some time Clerk of the 
Peace for the West-Riding. He was first Steward, and afterwards by 
purchase, Lord of the Manor of Dewsbnry. For his many misdeeds he 
obtained the title of "the Devil of Dewsbnry." There is a tablet to his 
memory in the Chancel of Dewsbnry Church. Some curious particulars 
about Mr. Peebles may be seen in Greenwood's History of Dewsbnry, page 
119, and in note B to Sir Walter Scott's poem of Rokeby. See also Oliver 
Heywood's Diarie* % where Mr. Peebles is mentioned as taking part in a 
drinking bout at Nunbrook. 



YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 189 

This biidge, in 1714, was only a footbridge, and the ford was 
called Cow-ford. In 1717 the sum of 80/ was allowed towards 
repairing it by order of Sessions, as appears by the Sessions 
Record book. 

In 1767, Ootober 7th, this bridge was taken down by the 
largest flood ever remembered, with eleven neighbouring 
bridges ; and at Pontefract Sessions, 1768, Sir John Kaye, of 
Grange, and others, obtained an order there for it to be put on 
Agbrigg Wapontake ; and referred it to Sir Geo. Armytage, and 
others, to contract for rebuilding it, and agreed with Joseph 
Annitage, and Henry Wheatley, Carpenters, of Mirfield, to do 
it for 180/ ; besides part of the old materials. It was finished 
that year. 

A stone bridge of four arches, for carriages, was commenced 
in the Autumn of 1799, a little above the old wooden bridge 
above mentioned, but owing to the waters coming on, nothing 
more than the Hopton end pier, and the next one to it, were 
got up. The bridge was finished in the year 1800 ; and at 
Bradford Sessions in the year 1818, one hundred yards of the 
road through Milnfold, was indicted for non -repair, and sub- 
mitted to by the Wapontake, and set with E Hand-Edge Stones 
in December 1818, and January 1819. 

The following is a copy of the original subscription list, for 
snbstituting a stone bridge in the place of the wooden one. 
The original list was written on parchment with a deed stamp 
impressed, and in October, 1836, was in the possession of Mr. 
Richard Hurst, Maltster, East-thorpe. 
May, 1798. 

The Bridge called Ledgard Bridge, over the river Calder, 
leading from Mirfield to Hopton, (and likewise the King's 
Highway from Bradford to Barnsley), is in a dangerous situ- 
ation and much out of repair, therefore it was indicted at the 
General Quarter Sessions, held at Pontefract. The present 
bridge being only a pack and prime bridge, application was 
made at the Sessions, that it might be converted into a carriage 
bridge, but standing upon the Wapontake as a pack and prime 
bridge, the Court could not so order it. Mr. Hartley, the 
Bridge Surveyor, produced an estimate of the expense of the 
repairs of the present bridge, which amounted to 880/ or 850/ 
(the figures being nearly illegible in the original,) likewise a 
plan and estimate of a stone carriage bridge, which amounted 
1,799/. 

It appeared to the Court, that a carriage bridge would be 
more convenient to the public, than repairing the present pack 
and prime bridge, but if the same is undertook for a carriage 
bridge, they have ordered that 550/ be allowed and paid to- 
wards the building the same, and farther gratuity will be 
allowed when the bridge is completely finished. TI19 Court 



190 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



having so generously come forward (though the remaining sum 
to complete a carriage bridge will be 1,250/), it will require 
large subscriptions for performing the same, and without which 
a carriage bridge can't be obtained. 

Therefore, we, whose names are hereunto set, being well per- 
suaded of the great advantage the Country will derive from a 
Carriage bridge instead of a pack and priine bridge, do hereby 
severally and not jointly, agreo to subscribe and to pay unto 
Mr. Joshua Ingham, the treasurer appointed for the said bridge, 
the several sums of money set opposite to our respective names, 
upon demand towards the making of such a carriage bridge. 



G. Armytage 100 
R.H.Beaumont 100 
R.LumleySavile 50 
John Lister Kaye 80 
Wm. Norris, as 
Clark to the 
Calder and 
Hebble Navi- 
gation 



50 



£ s. 

31 10 
42 
21 
21 



Joshua Ingham 
Joshua Hint 
J. Stanoliffe 
Richard Hurst 
Wm. and Thos. 

Dawson 
JasMicklethwaitelO 10 
John and Thos. 

Wheatley 
Chas. Wooler 
Josa. Smith 
Josa. Haigh 



21 



21 
21 
15 15 
10 10 



Richd.Wheatley 
Thos. Wheatley 
Wm. Ledgard 
Thos. Oxley 
Josh. Hall 
Richd. Batley 
Levi Sheard 



Mr. Frans. Sykes 6 5 

Note. — £15 15 is written in pencil opposite Charles Wooler's name, and 
the columns are cast-up in pencil as follows : — 



First - 
Second 
Third - 



£830 

214 

- 9 



n f Being 11 too little on the supposition that 
u ( C. Wooler only paid £15 15 0. 




County 
More 



553 14 

550 

416 13 4 

£1,620 7 4 



From a note on the copy subscription list, from which this 
copy is taken, it appears that the deficiency in the subscriptions 
was paid by the gentlemen who entered into the contract with 
the builders (Luke Holt and another), the " further gratuity" 
which was promised at the sessions having been refused. 

Ledgard Mill, adjoining Ledgard Bridge, takes its name from 
the Ledgard Family. The bridge and mill, and a kiln adjoin- 
ing, were carried away by a flood, 10th Septr., 1673. The mill 
and kiln were rebuilt of stone by Mr. Matthew Wilkinson, of 
Oreenhead, in 1678. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 191 

SHEPLEY BRIDGE. 



This bridge appears to have been first built in the year 1732. 
Before it was built there was a ferry across the river at the 
place now called Boathouse; near Broad Oaks. The bridge was 
repaired by the Wapontake, in the year 1766, and again in 
1811. It is a bridle bridge, in connection with the bridle 
roads, leading past Cote Wall, and the Reformatory, to Whitley 
and Thornhill, and past New Hall to Liley Lane. The neigh- 
bouring Mills, now called Low Mills, Were formerly called 
Shepley Mills, and both the bridge and the mills are named 
from the Shepley family, one of whom named Edward, occupied 
the mills under the Hoptons, of Blake Hall, in the 16th 
Century. By a deed dated 18th March, 1652, Christopher 
Hopton, of Wortley, Esq., and John Hopton, his son and heir 
apparent, for and in consideration of the sum of 200// sold to 
Miles Stapleton, of Wighill, Esq., all the Manor or Lordship 
called Blake Hall, otherwise Blackall, or Hopton (i.e. Hopton 
House.) And all those mills, situate and being in Mirfield, 
commonly called Shepley Mills, in the occupation of Robert 
Holdsworth. 



Bretton Hall Ballad. — It is a mistake to state that the 
"original 1 ' Bretton Hall Ballad was printed by J as. Watts, 
Heckmondwike. He printed ballads, songs, &c, for tramping 
hawkers, and copy would undoubtedly be supplied by persons 
who hawked them. Spen Valley. 



Urufs. 

From a little book called How to write the History of a Parish 
we learn that "Royal Letters Patent authorising collections for 
charitable purposes within churches, were called « Briefs.' 
Lists of them, from the time of Elizabeth downwards, are 
often to be found on the fly leaves of old register books, or in 
churchwardens' accounts. The repair or re-building of churches 
in post-reformation days, until nearly the beginning of the 
Catholic Revival was almost invariably effected by this method. 
About the middle of last century, owing to the growing 
frequency of briefs, it was ordered that they should only be 
granted on the formal application of Quarter Sessions." 

The following is a copy of all the entries relating to Briefs in 
the Old Churchwardens' book, kept in the Vestry of Mirfield 
Parish Church. This book is in a very dilapidated state, and 
we venture to suggest that it should be carefully re-bound. It 
contains many curious entries and particulars of parish meet- 
ings, commencing in the year 1686:— April ye 18, 1690. 



192 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Collected for the Briefe of East Smithfield, in Midlesex, the 
sum of three shillings and three half-pence. 

Witnesse our hands, Rich. Margerison, Vic. 

«-*—{& ssr* 

Collected for the Irish Protestants by a briefe in the f 
Parish of Mirfield, the sum of one pound thirteen] 1 13 6 
shillings and sixpence. ( 

Collected for the Briefe of Bungay in Suffolke, six shillings and 
three pence. 

These three collections appear all to have been made on the 
same day and are all signed by the Vicar and Churchwardens. 

May the 5th, 1690. Collected for the Brieve of New Alers- 
ford, in Hampshire, the sum of five shillings and two pence. 

Signatures as before. 

June ye 8th, 1690. Collected for ye Irish Brieve the sum of 
three shillings, seaven pence halfe-peny. 

R. Margerison, Vic. 

Aug. ye 8rd, 1690. Collected upon ye Brieve for St. Ives, 
three shillings, three pence halfe-peny. 

Same signatures as last brief. 
Aug. ye 10, 1690. Collected upon ye Brieve for Stafford, 
the summ of two shillings, four pence halfe-peny. 

Same signatures as last brief. 
1691. Collected upon ye Brieve for (name not legible) three 
shillings and one peny. 

Signed by R. Margerison and Wm. Hepworth. 
Collected upon ye Brieve for Thirsk, ye sum of two shillings 
and two pence. 

Signed as last brief. 
Collected upon ye Brieve for Clayborne, ye sum of two 
shillings and two pence and halfe-peny. 

Signed as last brief. 
April ye 20th, 1695. Collected upon ye briefe for York, ye 
sum of seven shillings and ten pence. 

Rich. Margerison, Vic. 

SS^E* }<*■>*■-*- 

September ye 26, 1694. Collected upon ye French Protest- 
ants Briefe, ye sum of fourteen shillings. 

Same signatures as last brief. 
Aprill ye 14, 1695. Collected upon ye Briefe for nether 
haven and Hivelton (this name is doubtful) ye sum of three 
shillings. 

Same signatures as last brief. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 198 

Hhtg's Urofs. 

The Churchwardens 1 accounts of the parish of East Budleigh, 
Devonshire, contain long lists of Collections for Briefs. These 
were fairly responded to by the inhabitants from the date of 
the first recorded collection on Nov. 5, 1669, until the last 
quarter of the 18th century, when the donations were few and 
far between. The following list contains all that relate to 
Yorkshire. 

s. d. 

" 1684. Collected for Bunswick in Yorksheere, 8 6 ob. 

The record of a collection made at Clent in 
Staffordshire, in the same year (1684) upon a brief, 
gives full details of its object (N. <£• Q. 5th s., iv. 449.) 

" Bunswick. Collect. Aug. 8, upo' a Brief for ye 
inhabitants of Bunswick, in ye North Biding of ye 
cou'ty of York, wch. sd. Town standing w t in a Bay 
on ye side of a greate Hill wch opening about ye 
middle ye town did slip down from it. 08.07." 

1685. Collected in the prish of Est budligh for 
the poore suffers by fier of Sicklinghall in the 
County of York*, the sume of too shilens and one 
half-peny. 

1706. Colected within our prish for and towards 
Bepear of the Collegiate Church of St. John in 
towne of Benerley, in the County of York, eighten 
penc halfpeny. 

1720. Colected fore Ingman thorpe and norton 
vnder Cannock Conabor [Com: Ebor. ?] and 
Stafford fore fire ... ... ... 8 

Colected fore Ingman trop and norton vnd canock 
in Com. Ebor and Staford fore fire County of York 2 

[The two preceding entries follow each other. 
It is not probable that one brief included two places 
so widely apart. Very likely the recorder muddled 
the two collections.] 

Colected for Saint Olaues Church near the Cyti 
of York ... ... ... ... 2 

1721. Collected a briefe for Eingson upon Hull, 
the sume of six pence. 

1728. Collected a brieffe for Yarme in the County 
of Yorke the sume of three pence. 

1780. Coleted for Ouston Church in Com Ebor 
the sum of three pens. 

1782. Jan. 21. — Collectd a breefe for austerfeild 
in Count. York ... ... ... 1 2 

1785. Octob. 20.— Collectd a breefe for Empsay 
inCoxnEber ... ... ... ... 10 

Y.N.Q. K 



194. YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1759. For Tadcaster Church in the County of 

York ... ... ... ... 4 

1766. Hail Storm in York Shier ... ... 2 

1768. Walkington Fire County of York ... 

1769. Inundation in York Share ... ... 8* 

1784. March ye 14. one for East Coltingwith 
Chaple in ye count York ... ... ... 

March ye 28, one for Saint Anne's Chapel in ye 
Count York ... ... ... ... 

1785. febery 27, one for Ecclesall Chapel ... 
The Remainder are headed in each 'Annual List — " Briefs 

Published in East Budleigh Church," and the amounts appended 
to each entry, are those for which each brief was issued, except 
in the year 1810, which omits them. "Nothing collected" is 
added to most of the entries. 

" 1788. Bolsterstone Chapel in Com. York 
1790. Hemingborough Fire in Com. York 
1795. Maultby Church in Com. York 

1798. Arncliffe Church in Com. York 
Boltby Chapel in Com. York 

1799. Coley Chapel in Com. York 

1800. Felbeck Mill Fire in Com. York 
Deanhead Chapel in Com. York 

1808. Alne and appleton Boebuok fire Yourk 894 

1804. Ey ton fire Yourk 

1805. Grindleton Chapel Yourk 

1806. Coley Chapel in York 
Kingley Church in Yourk 
Wibsey Chapel in Yourk ... 

1807. Luddenden Church C. of York 
Follifoot Fire C. of York 

1810. Wibsey Chapel, [collected 0. 0.] 

Haworth Fire. [ „ 1. 0.] 
1812. Froston Church in the County of York 750 

Luddenden Chapel in the County of 
York 
1814. Dean Chapel in Com. York 

1818. St. Ann's Chapel in Com. York 

[collected] 6d. 
Luddenden Chapel in Com. York 
[collected! 6d. 

1819. Saint John's Chapel in Com. York 
Deanhead Chapel in Com. York 
Doncaster Fire in Com. York 

1820. Fylingdale's Church in Com. York 
Thornton Chapel in Com. York 

1821. Luddenden Chapel in Com. York 



£ 8. 


d. 


1285 18 


5 


566 





1706 14 


1 


567 10 


9i 


878 8 


6 


1161 18 


6 


670 14 


8 


578 12 10 


k894 8 





508 6 





664 8 





1064 10 


8 


2060 2 


12 [sic] 


888 14 * 


9 


1408 18 





806 






1255 


15 





580 


11 


4 


989 


7 


9J 


1055 


14 


9 


478 


4 


10 


428 


8 


11* 


6000 








885 


18 


2 


882 


6 





946 


8 10i 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. .195 

Woodkirk in Com. York 
SowerbyBridgeChapelinCom.York 4111 
Kettlewell Church in Com. York 
1828. Hampthwaste Church in Com. York 
1£24. Deanhead Chapel in Com. York 

Fylingdale's Church in Com. York 
Drypool Church in Com. York 
Calverley Mills Fire in Com. York 
[collected] Is. 
1825. Redcar Chapel in Com. York 
[collected] Is. 
Hampswaste Church in Com. York 
Low Harrogate Church in Com. York 
[collected] Is. 
1827. Longwood Chapel in Com. York 
It will be noticed that when the same place for which a 
Collection is sought, has had its brief presented on several 
occasions, the amount stated to be required gradually dimin- 
ishes. Presumably the difference will show the total amount 
received since the date on which the brief was formerly pre- 
sented. To those who are interested in this subject full 
information will be found in a paper by the late Cornelius 
Walford, entitled — " Kings' Briefs : their purposes and history, 1 ' 
in vol. x. of the Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 
Salterton, Devon. J. N. Brushfteld, M.D. 



572 11 





4111 4 


iH 


892 8 





890 10 





249 8 


1* 


661 18 





1990 





8856 16 





1700 





595 5 





2000 





417 5 


3.' 



Backing ^tcol. 

The following note is by the late Mr. Wm. Turner, of Hopton : 
" There was formerly a ducking stool in Mirneld. On the 
9th June, 1818, Mr. Hirst and self saw old Wm. Swift, of 
Quarry Hole (aged upwards of 87), who said he could remember 
it very well but never knew it used. It stood a little nearer to 
the church than where the pinfold now is. In the accounts of 
Michael Sheard, who served the office .of constable as deputy 
for Samuel Senior for a house at the sheep ings, in Hopton, 
for part of the years 1719 and 1720, 1 find the following entry: 

'For the cuck stool repairing 8s. 6d.' 

The punishment of the ducking stool was formerly inflicted for 
correction and cooling of scolds and unquiet women. It was 
also anciently inflicted upon bakers and brewers,* offending 

* In every Court Leet a person called an Ale-taster was formerly appointed 
to look to the assize and goodness of Ale and Beer within the Lordship. In 
the early Court Rolls of the Manor of Dewsbury of the time when Queen 
Elizabeth was Lady of the Manor, there are many entries of persons having 
brewed and sold Ale contrary to the assize, and who were therefore fined ijd. 
(2d.) each. We find no entries of such persons having incurred the penalty 
of the Ducking Stool, but possibly a more careful examination of the Rolls 



196 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIE8. 

against the laws. It was a kind of chair or stool, fixed at one 
end of a long pole which hung over a pond of water, and swung 
upon a bar or post somewhat like a balance, and the party 
punished was fastened into the chair and immersed oyer head 
and ears in the pond, and the more offensive the water pus 
and the better. 

This mode of punishment has been suffered to decay and be- 
come almost obsolete, though there was one of those engines 
existing at the end of Dawgreen, nearest to Dewsbury, about 
the place where the dam or reservoir belonging to Mr. Todd's 
oil mill is, within the memory of many persons now living. 
Mr. Hirst of Hagg, can recollect seeing it when he was young." 



(Extracts from tfr* Biarjj of ifr* &*b. I. f smag. 

A chronological account of some memorable events in and 
about Mirfield, &c. 

1722. May 18th— Rippon den Flood. 

1729. Nov. 19th— Bournans Flood. 

1786. An apple tree near the Vicarage blossomed and set 
for fruit nine times, and produced ripe fruit at five different 
times this year, and what is very remarkable it was in blossom 
on Xmas Day, and a red rose full blown, in the hedge by it. 

1788. Dec. 80th— An earthquake felt at Mirfield. I per- 
ceived my bed to rock, and the chamber to shake, at Kirklees, 
where I then lived. 

1789. Methodism first propagated at Mirfield, by Ben 
Ingham, clerk. 

A great frost which began on Christmas Day and lasted 
9 weeks. 

1740. April 26th. — A riot began at Dewsbury, where 1,500 
and upwards were assembled, and prooeeded to Mirfield, <fec. 
They mustered their crew and beat up their drum by the 
Vicarage in Mirfield. 

1740. Aug. 25th. — Buried Ann Holdsworth, of Little Lon- 
don, aged 102. She could see to thread a needle, sew and knit 
without spectacles. 

which are very lengthy and difficult to read, may discover some reference to 
this now obsolete instrument of justice. 

A Court Leet is a Court of Record with power to punish offences against 
the Crown. It is held in some large Manors, as the Manor of Wakefield, 
and the Steward of the Manor is the Judge. The Lord of the Leet ought 
formerly to have had a pillory and a Ducking Stool to punish offenders, but 
these Courts are now nearly obsolete. 

The word assize above mentioned means a statute or ordinance of Parlia- 
ment. 

Numerous acts of Parliaments were passed in former days regulating the 
sale of Bread and Ale, and these were commonly known as the assize of 
Bread and Ale. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 197 

In January, died Mr. John Philips, of Thorner, near Leeds, 
in the 101st year of his age.* 

1741. Feby. 4. — A new market begun at Dewsbury. 

1742. June 29th.— £2 lis. 8d. collected in the parish of 
Mirfield for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

The Vicarage of Mirfield augmented a second time. 

1748. June 22nd. — 102 persons confirmed at Wakefield 
from the parish of Mirfield, by Dr. Thomas Herring, Arch- 
bishop of York, (now of Canterbury.) • 

Dec. 28rd. — A very splendid comet was seen, in the signs 
Aries and Pisces, it continued visible to Feb. 20th. 

1748. Dec. 11th. — (ye shortest day} 14 persons were pub- 
lished in Mirfield Church, and 24 couples in ye year. 

1744. An estate purchased at Ribston in Craven for ye per- 
petual augmentation of the Vicarage of Mirfield. 

Sept. 18th. — The harvest flood. A late frost which continued 
till near Lady Day. Fruits of all sorts in abundance this year. 

1745. Subscribed and paid by the inhabitants of Mirfield 
towards ye maintenance of ye Yorkshire Buffs, £SS 14s. 6d. 

A dividend of 12s. in ye pound was returned. 

Nine persons were drowned in Calder near* Mirfield, from 
Nov. 1789, to Dec. 1745. 

Saturday, Nov. 80th. — Dies fuit memorabilia et tremebundus, 
commonly called runaway Saturday, because a rumour was 
spread thro' most towns in ye neighbourhood yt. the Rebels 
were approaching them. 

Sunday, Dec. 1st. — The people at Huddersfield, Mirfield, &c, 
were put into a prodigious panic by ye Lancashire Militia 
Officers, suspecting them to be Rebels. A wonlan at Hudders- 
field was frightened to death with the report of the Rebels 
approaching the place. The coal pits at Mirfield Moor and 
other places were stocked with clothes and provisions, and this 
day few women attending Divine Service for want of apparel, 
when ye congregation were entertained with the finest notes of 
a robin red breast I ever heard. The bird was both more 
musical and familiar than at other times. 

1745. Dec. 10th. — A detachment of Marshall Wade's army 
proceed to Mirfield, but are suddenly recalled to ye camp at 
Wakefield in order to march back to Leeds. 

1745. Dec. 80. Carlisle surrendered to the Duke of Cumber- 
land. Dec. 28. The cannons at Carlisle heard to Mirfield, 6} 
minutes past 9. ( ! ! ) 

1746. Sept. — 15 young persons died of small pox in Mirfield 
this month, and in ye whole 89. 

A new tax upon windows. 

1747. Orders for cattle read in Churches. 

• Notice the difference in age, tee p. 186, Folk-Lore. 



198 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

June 1st. — 86 persons from Mirfield confirmed at Wakefield. 

Saturday, June 18. — Trinity flood. This was preceded by a 
violent storm and lightning. 

August 21st. — Died at Kirklees, Sir Samuel Armytage, Bart,, 
aged 52. 

Fine harvest weather and a plentiful crop, scanty of apples 
and nut 8. 

1748. A new stone wall erected on the north side of the 
Moor. Locusts in Mirfield and other parts of this kingdom. 

July 14th. — A great solar eclipse. 

1742. August 7th. — An extraordinary Aurora Borealis at 
Mirfield. 

July 9th. — A remarkable whirlwind near the Vicarage. 

1750. A violent storm of thunder and lightning at Mirfield. 
22nd. — A fiery meteor. A hot dry summer at Mirfield. 

This year has been remarkable for earthquakes and ye A. 
Borealis. 

February 26th. — A violent storm of wind and rain. 

1751. A wet summer and late harvest. 

1752. January. — A great snow this month for 11 days 
together. 

1758. March. — A great wind for 8 days together. 
June. — Riots about turnpikes in Yorkshire. 

1754. Feb. 26th.— A meteor seen at Mirfield. 

April 19. The shock of an earthquake felt at Mirfield, 
Leeds, York, &c. 

A hard frosty winter, a cold sharp spring, a wet summer and 
a fine autumn. 

Chin cough And small-pox in Mirfield. 

Eatables of all sorts extravagantly dear in ye spring. 

1755. Multitudes of earwigs about the houses in Mirfield 
and other places. A very wet and cold summer, harvest and 
autumn. 

Oct. 15th. — Gave tickets to 182 persons to be confirmed at 
Halifax by Dr. Edward Keen, Bishop of Chester, who confirmed 
2,600. 

Nov. — Several acres of land in and about Mirfield, rendered 
too wet and incapable of being sown with wheat this season. 

1758. 21 children died of small pox and only 2 of chin 
cough. 

1754. Of ye small-pox and chin cough 11. 

1755. Nov. 1st. — A most dreadful and extensive earthquake 
in Portugal and various parts of Europe. 

Several ponds and lakes violently agitated in many parts of 
England. 

1756. Tempests, storms, hurricanes, thunder, lightning, 
and other Phenomena have never been known so frequent 
throughout Great Britain as in the winter 1755-6. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 199 

Feb. 6th. — Fast day for the earthquakes at Lisbon. 

Feb. 14th. — Died Mrs. Eltoff, of Ledstone, Yorkshire, aged 
114, she retained her senses till within a few hours of her death. 

Feb. 28th. — Died 6. Wilcock, Bishop of Rochester, &e. 

May 8th. — Fairs opened in Yorkshire for ye sale of horned 
cattle, being prohibited for upwards of nine years. 

May 18th. — War declared against ye French in London. 

May 25th. — War proclaimed against ye French at Leeds. 

June 4th. — A most violent storm of hail, &c. 

16th. — War declared against ye English by the French. 

24th. — Much lightning in ye evening, it continued for some 
time in a continual blaze at Mirfield. 

May 28th.— The Port of St. Philips in the Island of Minorca 
surrendered to the French. 

July 5th. — Apple and Plum trees in blossom a second time 
this year in my garden. 

July 22nd. — The Marine Society Instituted in London. The 
price of wheat began to advance, which occasioned mobs to 
arise in different parts of ye kingdom. 

Oct. 7th. A very extraordinary and extensive hurricane 
about 1 in the morng. 

Nov. 25th. — Died Mr. Thos. Clarke, Rector of Eirkheaton 
and Swillington, aged 81. 

1757. March 14th. — Admiral Byng shot on board ye Mon- 
arque. 

16th. — A great hurricane of wind at Liverpool, Chester, &c, 
by which much damage was done by sea and land. 

19th. — Died in ye Parish of Tadcaster, John Shepherd, aged 
109. He had lived in a cave on Bramham Moors many years. 

Sept. — Riots in several places about the Militia Act. 

26th. — A Comet appears about this time. 

80th.— Died at Bath, David Hartley, M.D. and F.R.S., aged 
58. 

Sept. 15. — A great riot at Manchester. 

Oct. 19th. — Died at Constantinople, Sultan Osman, Grand 
Bignor and Emperor of the Turks. 

Seven battles fought by ye King of Prussia this year, besides 
ye siege of Prague and a great number of skirmishes. 

A very droughty hot summer. 

All sorts of grain and provisions at an excessive and extra- 
vagant price. 

1758. Jan. 29th. — Died at Moor Town, near Leeds, James 
Goodrich, aged 104. 

A new workhouse erected and opened in Mirfield, in May. 

An Act of Parliament obtained, for extending ye navigation 
of ye river thro' Mirfield to Sowerby Bridge. 

Aug. 9th.— A Confirmation at Wakefield by the Bishop of 
St. Asaph. 



200 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

22nd. —The new Market house for coloured cloth was opened 
at Leeds. 
* July 27th. — A great flood about Wig ton, in Cumberland. 

Nov. 26th. — A remarkable meteor seen at Newcastle, &c. 

Dec. 29th. — A ball of fire seen at Colchester, moving N.E. 

Deo. 20th.— Died at E aland, Mr. Rd. Detly, aged 58. In 
this memorable and glorious year we had a plentiful crop, and 
have seen ye British Flag restored to its Ancient dignity, by 
being victorious in almost every part of ye world. 

1759. A dry Summer and Autumn. 

A malignant fever in Mir field, which continued six years. 

Jan. 27th.— An Ox was lately. killed at Lowther Hall, which 
weighed 84 stone and a quarter, and had 19 stone of tallow 
taken out of him. 

July 5th. — A parhelion seen about the setting of the sun at 
Mirfield. 

Sept. 2nd. — Died at Thornhill, Mr. Samuel Sandford, Rector 
of ye Church. 

Nov. 4th. — Died of a singular malady, Mr. Wm. Turner, of 
Blakehill, aged 46, Mirfield. 

Nov. 10th. — An hurrican of wind at Mirfield. 

A dry Summer. 

Deo. 81st. — A lunar iris observed from my door at the Vicarage 

Great and glorious conquest made by ye British Troops in 
America. 

1760. Jan. 16th. — A child shot by an accident at Mirfield. 
A hot droughty summer; there was ye greatest mortality 

this year in Mirfield that has happened since that of 1681, 
(?1681), when the plague raged in this parish. Many persons 
were cut off in their full strength, and some in ye vigour and 
bloom of their age, by an eruptive epidemical fever, which 
seized upon me the 5th September, and confined me to my bed 
for ye space of ye 14 days, my life being in great danger from 
ye violence of ye distemper. 

May 9th. — Died at Hermuth in Silesia, Count Zinzendorff, 
founder and head of ye Moravian sect. His son consecrated 
the conventicle at WeUhouse, in Mirfield, 16th March, 1755. 

Oct. 25th.— Died E. George 2nd, in the 77th year of his age, 
and 84th of his reign. 

26th. — K. George 3rd proclaimed. 

Sep. 19th. — Effect of a most surprising flow of water at 
Brackenthwaite, in Cumberland. 

1761. Jan. 1st.— A dreadful hurricane of wind at the N.W. 
in ye night. 

11th.— Died of a lingering illness, Mr. Joseph Wheeler, Vicar 
of Dewsbury. 

9th.— The quarter Sessions appointed to be held at Wakefield 
were postponed on account of the epidemical distemper raging 
in that town. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 201 

29th.— Died at Mirfield, Mr. Edward Darly, Attorney at Law, 
aged 84. 

April 80th. — (Ascen. Day) I read ye Divine Service and 
christened 19 children at ye font in Mirfield Gh. before dinner. 

1762. Feb. 21st. — Shrove Tuesday. A dreadful tempest of 
wind and snow p.m., by ye severity of which many persons 
perished. 

Jnly 14th. — A violent storm of thunder, hail, &c, at Kirklees 
and its environs. The hailstones were as large as pigeon's 
eggs, measuring three or four inches, by which great damage 
was done to corn, fruit, and windows. An excessive droughty 
summer, this month and last ye drought and heat of ye season 
was so great that several moors and peat mosses took fire and 
burnt underground for many miles together. 

An intense frost began Dec. 28rd, 1762, and continued to 
Jan. 29th, 1768. 

Feb. 10th, 11th, 12th. — A great fall of snow with a severe frost. 

Mar. 22nd. — Peace proclaimed in London. 

May 18th.— Do. at Mirfield. 

14th. — A B. of York confirms at Wakefield, and treats ye 
clergy. 78 persons confirmed from this Parish. Three floods 
in Mirfield in Christmas* week. 

1768. An excessive wet summer. 

Turnpike road made through Mirfield. 

1764. The river through Mirfield made navigable. 

Feb. 26th, 27th.— A great fall of snow. 

Mar. 4th. — An illumination from E. to S. 

April 1st. — A great solar eclipse. 

May 11th. — A B. of York's primary visitation of ye clergy. 
He treats ye clergy. 

Oct. 11th. — The Archdeacon's visitation at Wakefield. 

1768. The yew tree now growing near the south-east corner 
of the churchyard was planted by Thos. Sherrd, clerk, 5th 
Nov., 1678, as appears by an entry in the parish register. 

The other two (yew trees) are so very ancient that no man 
living can remember them in a youthful state. 



Some Account of the Parish of Mirfield (by Mb. Ismat), 

to a Friend in Cumberland. 

1756. 

Mirfield, ager ad ericetum, a manor lying near a heath or 

moor, as ager eboracensis, Yorkshire. The parish is situated 

on the sides of two hills, between which a fine river runs 

through it. 

Over the river, which is called Galder, are two bridges, one 
of them stands on eight wooden piers, and measures above 282 
feet in length. 



202 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

There are three corn mills here, and the same number for 
pulling of broad cloth, which is manufactured here and in the 
neighbouring towns. This is a large populous village, and, in 
general, is well built. It is bounded on the North by the 
parish of Birstal, to the South by the parishes of Thornhill 
and Kirkheaton, and to the East by Dewsbury, and to the 
West by the Parochial Chapelry of Hartshead. 

It is about two miles in breadth from W. to E., two and a 
half miles from N. to S.; and in circumference near eight 
miles. It is divided into six hamlets, and contains about 8,000 
acres of land, viz : 2,000 of arable, 400 of waste or common, 
and 600 of woodland. Sir George Savile, of Rufford, Notts., 
Bart., is Lord of the Manor. There is a fair or feast on 
Ascension Day, held near the Vicarage. The price of provision 
is variable. Wheat is sold at present for 19s. 6d. per load, t.f. 
24 gallons, which is your Cumberland bushel. It is sold at 4s. 
0d. statute measure, three of which makes your Wakefield load. 
Barley is at 20s. per quarter ; Oatmeat is £1 ds. 6d. per load. 
i.e. 58. per bushel, or 15s. the Cumberland bushel. 

The load consists of 9 strokes, containing 86 gall., which is 
one bushel and a half of your measure. Beef is from 2±d. to 
3d. per lb. ; mutton and veal about the same price at different 
seasons of the year ; butter from 5d. to 6d., and cheese from 
3d. to 4d. per lb. 

The number of houses are about 405, and allowing 5 persons 
to each house, the number of inhabitants will be 2,175. Land 
is let in general for about 30s. per acre, taxes included. A 
roasting pig is sold for 2s. ; a turkey and goose at Christmas 
2s. 6d. each ; a green goose Is. and Is. 6d. or Is. 8d. at the 
latter end of the harvest ; chickens 4d. generally ; a hen 7d. 
and ducks 8d. Agistment or pasture for cows and fat cattle is 
35s. or £2. Hay is 2 id. or 3d. per stone, or sometimes 6d. 
Much Clover is grown in the parish and made into hay. There 
is no copyhold land, but upwards of 40 freeholders in the 
parish. Day labouring men's wages is 12d., carpenters and 
masons Is. 3d. tailors 6d. and their victuals ; men servants for 
husbandry 7d., clothiers 5d., maids about 50s. per annum. 
There are about 100 pair of looms for weaving of broad cloth, 
200 persons employed in making of cloth, 400 in carding, 
spinning, and preparing wool for the looms, consequently no 
less than 600 persons are employed in the woollen manufacture 
carried on in this place. 

The Church is not large, but it has two aisles and two 
galleries, which in the summer season can but just contain ye 
number of persons tbat attend divine worship. It was enlarged, 
and the N. side new built in the year 1666. 

It is now 74 feet long and 89 in width. There is a tower 
steeple 47 feet high, which contains eight musical bells, which 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 208 

were east and hang about SO years ago. They were increased 
from three to eight by Daniel Heddersley, in 1725, and are 
now as fine a ring of bells as any in ye county of their weight. 
The steeple is 47 feet to the battlements, and 57± ft. to the top 
of the pinnacles. The mottoes on ye bells are, "peace and 
good neighbourhood." " When you hear me sound let peace 
and unity be found, 1726." 

There is an inscription in ye western wall near ye font, 
which shows that the plague raged with great violence in 1681. 

There are no remarkable monuments of any illustrious 
persons in the church. One of ye Nuns of Kirklees Monastery 
was interred here Feb. 5th, 1561, as appears by the parish 
register. Dr. John Hopton, who was made Bishop of Norwich 
in 1554, was born at Mirfield, as we may learn from ye history 
of that prelate's life. 

On a Table erected in 1745, is a list of ye pious and charit- 
able benefactions to ye church, school, and poor of ye parish 
of Mirfield. 

The arms of the Hoptons, Saviles, Mirfields, &c, are curiously 
painted in ye East Window. There is a large candlestick con- 
sisting of 12 branches, and 8 more on the reading desk, with a 
carious font made in 1662. There are upwards of 70 tombs 
and gravestones in church and churchyard, with sepulchral 
inscriptions too long to insert. 

The Church is in the honour of Pontefract, Diocese of York, 
hundred of Agbrig and the deanery of Pontefract, dedicated to 
8t. Mary, built 494 years ago, and consecrated to be a Chapel 
of ease under Dewsbury in 1261. It continued in subjection 
to its Mother Church, All Saint's, in Dewsbury, (where it is 
said Paulinus, the first Archbishop of York, preached and 
celebrated divine service,) till 1802, being the space of 41 years. 
Pope Urban 4th, at the request of Sir John Heton, Kt., made 
it parochial, and vested the right of nomination in Sir John, 
who presented his younger son to the living. He was the first 
Rector, built the parsonage house or manse, and died 1802. 

Wm. Cressacre was the 2nd Rector, who died in 1808. 

The next we have upon record is Wm. Willinge, who died 
in 1402. After the death of this incumbent, the predial tithes 
were alienated from the church and given to the [monks?] of 
Kirklees to pray for the soul of John Burgh. This Church 
continued a Kectory for the space of 141 years, and then was 
reduced to a small Vicarage to aggrandize monkery and support 
a nest of drones. It remained in this poor distressed condition 
for the space of 8 centuries, till it was relieved by a parochial 
subscription which obtained the Queen's Bounty about 85 years 
ago, and invested in land for a perpetual augmentation. 

It was augmented a second time by a lady's benefaction and 
the bounty in 1642, since which time it received £100, the 



204 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

donation of Sir Geo. Armytage, late of Kirklees, Bart., and 
about £7 lis. per annum in houses and land given by ye late 
Mrs. Ann Horsfall, by a deed bearing date Oct. 80th, 1787* 
duly enrolled in Chancery. It devolved to the Church in 1749. 

The names of the Vicars as appears by the registers are as 
follows : — Sir John Chrissmor, buried Feb. 18th, 1668. 

Sir Richard Wordsworth, buried Nov. 1677. 

Antony Crowther inducted March, 1668, and buried Aug. 
81st, 1628. He had five sons and one daughter, and was Vicar 
of Mirfield 60 years. 

Eichard Senior inducted Sept. 1st, 1628, buried Oct. 25th, 
1689. 

Eobert AUenson inducted Dec. 21st, 1689, buried Dec. 8th, 
1676. He enlarged the N. side of the church, and was buried 
at Cumberworth, where he had been Minister. He was 87 
years Vicar of Mirfield, and had five children. 

John Gibson inducted Dec. 12th, 1677, he resigned ye vicar- 
age for the Rectory of Kirkby. 

Thomas Gledhill succeeded Mr. Gibson, and was buried Dec. 
20th, 1687. He left a widow and two daughters. 

Richard Margerison, A.M., was inducted June 14th, 1688. 
He was baptized at Birstal Church, and buried at Mirfield, 
where he had been Vicar 27 years, on the 10th of Jan., 1716. 
He left three children who all arrived to maturity. He died in 
the 58rd year of his age. 

Thos. Hardy was inducted May 16th, 1706, and was buried 
19th Dec, 1789, Vicar 28 years. He left a widow and three 
sons, the oldest then a student at Cambridge, who had a good 
living given him by the Earl of Winchelsea, (Burleigh, Rutland- 
shire,) but he did not live to enjoy it. The second son is a 
bookseller in London, and is in good circumstances. The third 
has been twice in the East Indies, and is now with Admiral 
West in ye English Navy. The widow is still living at Mirfield 
and receives ye Bounty. 

The present Vicar, J. Ismay, B.A., was inducted Jan. 28th, 
1789, O. 8. in the presence of his worthy patron, Sir Saml. 
Armytage, late of Kirklees, Bart., then High Sheriff of ye 
County. The living is worth now about £75 per annum to the 
Vicar. The present patron is Sir John Armytage, Bart., Mem- 
ber of Parliament for ye City of York, who is now upon bis 
travels in Italy. He is impropriator or lay rector of Mirfield, 
and receives 200 guineas per annum for tithe of corn, and of 
money made for hay, besides a considerable sum for tithe of 
wood cut down in the parish. 

The Parish Register began in 1689, when there were no 
dissenters in the parish and is continued in one single parch- 
ment book to this present year, 1766. It escaped the confusion 
of the civil wars, and is perhaps as perfect and complete as 



YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUEBIE8. 205 

any one register in England. There are 100 marriages, 889 
christenings, and 220 burials in the first 20 years ; 296 marri- 
ages, 1,165 christenings, and 612 burials in the last 20 years 
as appears by the register. 

On the BOth Dee., 1788, a sudden and violent earthquake 
was felt at Mirfield and in the neighbourhood. I perceived 
my bed at Kirklees rock, and the chamber shake so much that 
I expected the whole house would have fallen. Being surprised 
with the shock I awaked my brother who lay with me that 
night, but he felt nothing of it. 

From the high ground in Hopton, especially the great 
pinnacle, on a clear day I have seen into 12 parishes at least, 
with 8 Parochial Chapelery's. From thenoe ye enclosed fields 
in Mirfield make one grand parterre, the thick planted hedge- 
rows seem like a wilderness or a labyrinth, the houses inter- 
persed look like so many noble seats of gentlemen at a distance. 

The nature of ye soil in ye parish being of such different 
kinds produces perhaps as great a variety of plants as are to 
be found in any part of Great Britain of the same extent. I 
have met with 250 sorts of wild plants growing spontaneously 
in the wood, field, pastures, and waste grounds, besides a 
curious collection transplanted into my garden at the vicarage 
from other parts. The poisonous plants found here are the 
cicuta or the lesser hemlock, the common nightshade, black 
henbane, cynocrambe, the yew tree, &c. The berries of the 
last are frequently eaten here without any ill consequence, but 
the fatal effect of the leaves to cattle was fully confirmed on 
Easter Monday, 1754, when 2 young heifers near the vicarage 
were poisoned by eating them. 

The front of Castle Hall, an old building near the church, is 
adorned with a great number of hieroglyphics curiously carved 
in wood, and the letters T.B. and the numerical figures 1,022 
about the middle of the large window. There is a Danish 
Mount behind the house with a plain piece of ground at the 
top 69 ft. in diameter. I can meet with nothing in the whole 
parish yet which wears the face of antiquity, besides 8 or 4 old 
studded buildings, much talked of by the vulgar for their great 
age, though without any authentic marks of authority besides 
ancient tradition and the curious fragments of painted glass in 
the windows of one of these old mansions. 

Here is a free Charity School, founded by Mr. R. Thorpe, 
late of Hopton Hall, 1667, at Knowle Lane, with a dwelling- 
house for the Master, and a salary of about £12 per annum. 

Near the school are the vestiges of a large round entrench- 
ment resembling that near Penrith, called King Arthur's round 
table. 

Here is a Workhouse for the poor, though it is only rented 
by ye parish. 



206 Y0KK8HIBE NOTE8 AND QUERIES. 

Blake Hall is supposed to be the ancient seat of the Hoptons, 
and Castle Hall the seat of Sir John Heton, Kt., ye 1st parson 
of the church, now the property of Richard Beaumont, of 
Whitley Hall, Esqre. Castle Hall stands very near the church, 
whence that proverbial saying: — He is John Armytage's Neighbour, 
i.e. he is dead. Sir John Heton, Kt., married ye oldest daughter 
of Sir Alexander Nevile de Mirfield. 

Robert Hop ton, of Hopton, Esqre., married Jennet, daughter 
of Henry Savile, Esqre. 

Robin Hood's gravestone, and the ruins of a Benedictine 
Nunnery founded anno 1286, and dedicated to St. Mary, are to 
be seen on ye N.W. side of the parish near Nun Brook. 

The latitude of Mirfield is 58° 42*" N., the longitude about 
1° 81" W. of London, it stands about 80 miles S.W. of York. 

The soil is of various sorts. We have sand, clay, stone, and 
gravel. Our lands produce all sorts of grains to great per- 
fection. The manure is dung, lime and ashes ; rapes, wolds, 
and turnips are frequently sown in the parish, they with 
potatoes are titheable to the Yicar. There are many good 
quarries of hard durable stone for building, very good earth for 
bricks, and great plenty of coal which is usually sold for 2s. 
the horse load at the pit mouth, and it is common in the 
meanest cot to see a good fire. The springs are generally 
found at various depths in the parish, and the water is very 
sweet and soft in most places except near ye coal, and there it 
is a little hard and brakish. We have, I believe, as fine an air 
as any in England. It is generally healthy, and the inhabitants 
in general live to a great age, especially the poorer sort who 
use proper exercise and enjoy the benefit of it. 

The present Yicar has buried no less than 92 persons each 
of them aged 80 years and upwards, whereof 8 arrived at 90 
and upwards, and one at 102. 

There are 2 dissenting meeting houses in the parish, one for 
the Presbyterians and the other for the Moravian Brethren, 
they are both small and inconsiderable. Mirfield is situated 
about the middle of the road between the towns of Wakefield 
and Halifax, but there is yet no turnpike. The Gentlemen's 
Seats bordering on the parish are Kirklees, Whitley Hall, and 
Grow Mount. The Aurora Borealis is very common, and par- 
ticularly one on the 7th of April, 1749. 

The dams across the river are in the nature of cataracts, and 
are a sort of catadupes by which the inhabitants form a prog- 
nostication of the weather. The river produces salmon, trout, 
smelts, graylings, daice, perch, eels, chubs, barbies, gudgeons, 
&c, wild ducks, wigeon, teal, coots, and several sorts of water 
hens are seen about the river in winter, especially in a great 
frost. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 207 

The great speckled loon or diver was shot here Sept. 20th, 
1749, and was the only one perhaps ever seen in this country. 
When mists appear to rise or fall on Whitley Wood or (Swindon 
Hill) which stands npon high ground, the people in Mirfield 
thereby prognosticate of the change of the weather, singing 
this rhyme : — 

If Whitley Wood wears a cap 
Balance Beck will smart for that, 
If Swindon Hill wears a cap 
Balance Beck must pay for that. 
When the sun appears over ye temple of Swindon Hill, it is 
12 o'clock at the Vicarage. The following inscription was 
formerly over the door of the Mansion House of the Hirsts in 
Mirfield: — "Know whom you trust. Robert Hirst, 1656." 
Over the door at Wellhouse: — G.B.H. i.e. God be here or 
about tins house. Hunting, fishing, shooting, add setting are 
diversions mostly used. We have hares, woodcocks, snipes, 
wood pigeons, plovers, quails, daker-hens or the land-rail, 
water-rails, red-wings, fieldfares, woodpeckers, jays, nightin- 
gales, and most of the small birds known in England. 

We have some pheasants in the wood, but the breed is in a 
great measure destroyed. 

We have a variety of plants in the woods, one of which is 
called the Garden of Eden. We had a fiery meteor passed over 
this place July 22nd, 1750. An earthquake in 1754, and often 
much damage done by the floods. 

Yours, 

J. ISMAY. 



Hamlets in the Parish of Mirfield l 9 1755. 
Number of houses in the parish of Mirfield in 1739 :- 
In Towngate Hamlet - - - 058 
„ Leegreen ,, - - - 108 

„ Northorpe „ ... 044 

„ Easthorpe „ - - 077 

„ Far Side Moor Hamlet - - 088 
„ Hopton „ - - 082 

Total 452 



Increase of houses in 18 years, 195. Inhabitants increased 
at 5 per house, 695. Do. at 6 per house, 750, as appears by 
my calculation, Jan. 27th, 1759. 

J. ISMAY. 

Sir Bichard Weston, of Sutton place, first brought ye plant- 
ing of clover grass out of Flanders into England about ve year 
1660. 



208 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

There generally dies in the parish of Mirfield one person in 
70 annually, as appears by an accurate calculation, about one 
marriage per annum among 100 persons. 

The number of christenings generally is double to the burials 
in the year, the congregation at Church (which is made up 
mostly of the male kind, there being generally nine men to a 
woman) is much smaller in winter than the summer season, 
and especially in the forenoons. 

Hay seeds were sold in 1766 for 1/6 and 2/- the sack. Rape 
dust at 2/6 a quarter in 1757. 

1755. — Agriculture in Mirfield. 

Tillage is ye most ancient and honourable employment in ye 
world. The soil being of very different natures, produces all 
sorts of grain. Wheat and rye called hard corn are sown in 
great plenty, barley, oats of various sorts, peas, beans, vetches, 
rapes, and turnips, with wolds for ye dyers are frequently sown 
in Mirfield. Clover was introduced into this parish about 60 
years ago, and turnips for the feeding of cattle began to be 
sown in fields much later, and are great improvers of land ; 
another good piece of husbandry here is ye draining of wet 
lands, and turning the water over ye dry ground designed for 
hay or pasture ; in ye winter and spring time some sour marshy 
grounds are made arable by spading the turf from the surface 
and then burning it in heaps ; this is called pairing or burning, 
and generally yields a plentiful crop of wheat or rapes ye first 
year without any other manure than ye turf ashes. 

For stiff lands there is no better manure than lime and coal 
ashes, this is looked on to be an excellent compost, better 
mixed than laid on separately. 

We have very little common field land. The advantages 
arising from inclosures have been long experienced in this 
parish. The fence is white thorn, and thrives greatly with us, 
being often cut and kept in repair. 

The other manure that we improve land with besides cow 
and horse dung, lime and cold ashes, is soot, soap ashes, and 
rape dust, but these last are used only by a few persons in this 
place, and that but seldom. 

The room next to the garden at Castle Hall is ceiled over 
the top, with ancient plaster work representing variety of 
figures, viz.: — fir cones, acorns, flower de luces, roses, etc., 
with the Beaumont's paternal coat of arms (about the centre) 
quartered with another, charged with rabbits or coneys, but to 
what family these belong I know not. 

I have since found by an MSS. in ye possession of my good 
friend Richard Frank of Campsall, Esqre., F.S.A., that the 
Turtons of Smallhaigh and Millhouse in ye parish of Penistone, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

had for their arms A 8 Conies sejant S. (Sejant in heraldry 
means upright.) 

Northorpe Hall was rebuilt by Josiah Sheard, Tenant, in 
1701, as appears by the figures covered over the door ; here 
are in the windows some curious remains of painted glass, viz : 
Christ's presentation in the temple, with a venerable old man 
representing Moses, etc. The house adjoining this ancient 
building was rebuilt by Edward Thomas, as appears by these 
letters and figures over ye chimney piece, in ye kitchen, £. T., 
1704. 

Mirfield is divided into six hamlets, each of which has a 
viacurus or surveyor of the highways, annually chosen by the 
Parish, A.D. 1755. 

Towngate Hamlet. 

The church parsonage and vicarage stand in this hamlet ; 
an old studded building near the church called Castle Hall, 
built in 1022-1066, with a Danish Mount behind the house ; 
Upperhall the property of Mr. Richard Shepley, who rebuilt it. 
The streets, lanes, and highways in Towngate: — Kimlane, 
Dunbottle, High Lane, Church Lane, Cross Green Lane, etc. 
Here are four public houses, viz: — The Pack Horse, Eight 
Bells, and the Horns, two blacksmiths, and two shops for 
groceries. 

Lee Green Hamlet. 

This hamlet contains Lee Green, Little London, Moorside 
to Foxroid, Gibhole, Wellhouse, Matchcroft, Nickhouse, and 
Oreenside. 

Ways to be mentioned are the great highroad over Mirfield 
Moor to Robert-town nr. Dewyard Lane, Wood Lane, and the 
Lane between that and Matchcroft, Water Boyd Lane, etc. 
Here are 8 public houses, viz.: — The Three Rungs, The Swan, 
and the Red Lion. Three Butchers* Shops, two Grocers, and 
a Moravian Meeting House, with a Workhouse for the poor. 
Northorpe Hamlet. 

Northorp, an old house which has been rebuilt, contains 
some curious remains of painted glass in the windows, and is 
still called Northorp Hall. 

Shillbank, here are some good modern buildings, near which 
is the late Dr. Bolderstone's, etc. Northbar, Crossley, Field 
Head, Pate Lane, etc. 

The roads are that leading to Nickhouse, Shill Bank Lane, 
that from Crossley, Dall Lane, Gill Lane, etc. Akeroid Lane 
is only a Bridle Lane, and not repaired by any public. 

Ravens thorp Lane is maintained by the parish, here are two 
ale-houses, a bowling green, a blacksmith's shop, and one for 
coffee and tea. There's a saddler's shop in Shillbank Lane, 
and an attorney's office. The alehouses are the Hare and 
Hounds and the Cock. 

Y.N.Q. N 



210 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

E as thorp Hamlet. 

The Low Mill, Blake Hall, a handsome new building, the 
property of William Turner, Esq. Easthorpe Lane, consisting 
of Water Hall, an ancient studded building. Flash House* 
another old fabric, and several modern ones. Fold Head, 
Legard Mill, Littlemoor, Snakehill, and Eastcliffe Bank, Knowl 
Lane, Knowl School, and Knowl. The ways are the great 
Low Road, Knowl Lane, etc. Here are three alehouses, viz: — 
The Black Bull, ye Horse and Jockey, and the Cock ; two corn 
and fulling mills, two grocers and drapers, an apothecary, the 
free school, and around the entrenchment vulgarly called 
Kirkstead by it. Easthorpe, Villa arabilis. 
Far Side Moor Hamlet. 

Nabstocks Bank, West Mills, Cinderhill (built by Thos. Sharp 
in 1638), Bracken Hall, Nunbrook, near it is Robin Hoods 
Sepulchral Monument, and the ruins of a Benedictine Nunnery. 
Yew Tree, an old studded building. Mock Beggar and Roe 
Head, two good farm houses, the long range of houses is 
called Ratton Row. The Warren House stands upon a high 
spot of ground, near which appears ye butts, which were much 
resorted to when ye long bow was in use in England. Here is 
one road to Leeds, two to Wakefield, besides a cross causeway 
to ye mill. Here are three alehouses, viz.: — The 8 Nuns, a 
Wooden Head, and the Virgin's Inn; one blacksmith, one 
butcher, and a grocer's shop with linen and woollen drapery. 
Hopton Hamlet. 

Liley, Windy Bank, this house stands upon ye highest 
ground in Hopton, except the great pinnacle, Cuckoo Hill, 
New Hall, Row Houses, Brier Knowles, Hagg, Hunger Hill, 
terra sterilis, Threaproyd i.e. terra lilis, Boat House, Sheep 
Tug, Tithe Laithe, Han Bank, Hollin Hall, Hopton Hall 
Galverts Clough. This hamlet consists of a great number of 
odd houses interspersed among the woods, hills and valleys, 
some of which retain their old names as above mentioned. 

The roads consist mostly of lanes, thro' different parts of ye 
hamlet. Here is a Presbyterian Meeting House commonly 
called a Chapel, two blacksmiths, three grocers, one butcher, 
and one alehouse. 

There are 40 pairs of looms for weaving of white broad cloth 
in the hamlet only. 

There are a great many springs and woods, viz.: — Oliver 
Car, Jordan Roid, Liley Wood, Gregory Spring, Whitley Wood, 
Hagg Wood, Balance Wood, Briery Bank, Chadwick Wood, 
Crow Wood, Little Hagg, Liley Range, Hepworth Wood, Ac. 
These woods produce such a number of medicinal plants, that 
one of them has got the denomination of the Garden of Eden. 

Here is employment for the Botanist in summer, and game 
for the Sportsman in the winter season. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 211 

The nature of the soil is various, here is sand, clay, stone, 
gravel, Ac. The lands consist of woods, arable pasture, 
meadow, &c, some of which are firm and some fenny or 
moorish. 

As to the appearance of this Hamlet, it is mostly hilly, 
rocky, or mountainous, except the land near the river. There 
are some excellent springs, plenty of coal, stone, and oak wood. 
The clay in Mirfield is generally of a yellowish colour, hut 
there is Borne at the bottom of Mr. Turner's quarry in Hopton, 
of a blueish colour and exceedingly fine grain. It is remark- 
able that the Vicar, Churchwardens, Master and Scholars of 
the Free School, &c, in Mirfield, walk thro' the middle of a 
garden, yard, and barn, belonging to a farm house in Kirk- 
heaton Parish, in their perambulations in Kogation Week, 
when it is customary to go round the bounds and limits of the 
parish to beg a blessing on the fruits of the earth, and preserve 
the rights and properties of their parish. 

The men and the boys in Hopton employ themselves in the 
Christmas holidays in hunting the squirrel, which gives them 
violent exercise in the woods, and affords them excellent 
diversion. 

The dwellings at and about Hopton Hall are increased in 
less than 40 years, from three to eloven ; inhabitants, from 17 
to 80, as appears by an exact calculation of a person who 
formerly lived there, and is now (1755) in the 82nd year of his 
age. 

Some boggy wet ground in Hopton, consisting of black earth 
upwards of 12 ft. deep. 

The following inscription is painted in red character over 
the north door at Hopton Hall, with the order of letters and 
the words inverted, and, as in Hebrew, read from right to left : 
Jehovah Nisi, i.e. The Lord my banner, 1695, Ex. 17, 15. 

Buddie or red chalk found in a quarry near New Hall, in 
Hopton. 

About 2 years ago only 8 families lived on ye N. side of Lee 
Green (between Gibhole and Little London,) but now the 
number of families amount to 28, and more new buildings are 
about to be erected. 

Crawfish in a small brook by Briery Bank in Hopton. 
Jackroid, this affords an extensive prospect as well as ye great 
pinnacle and Windy Bank before mentioned. 



Btomxfs ftorksljire 8*nttr*s. 

Thomas Blount was a barrister of the Temple, who lived in 
the seventeenth century. He was a voluminous writer, his 
works being chiefly connected with his profession. His best- 
known work is called "Fragmenta Antiquitatis, or Jocular 



212 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Tenures; 1 * it was first published in 1679, a new edition was 
published in 1784, edited by Josiah Beokwith, another in 1815, 
edited by Hercules Malebysse Beck with, son of the former 
editor; a fourth edition was published in 1874, edited by Mr. 
W. Carew Hazlitt, of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. 

Aislaby. — Richard, son of Wyde de Aslabie, holds two earn- 
cates of land by the service of teaching one hare- dog (liverius) 
belonging to the King. 

[M.S. penes Sam. Roper, arm.] Hare-dog, " canem liveri- 
um," perhaps the same with " leporarium," from the French, 
lievre. J. Beckwith. 

Athwick-(Adwicx)-upon-Deakne. — William Clarell formerly 
did fealty, and acknowledged that he held the Manor of 
Adthwyk, and paid every two years towards keeping the castle 
(of Tick hill) each year seven shillings and fourpence, and every 
third year eight shillings, and ten shillings to keep a hawk ; 
and he said that Hugh Carson, every third year, paid fourteen- 
pence for his tenement in Athewyk. 

[Ex. vel. Rot. Feodar, Honoris de Tickhill, penes F. F. 
Foljambe, arm.] Hawke, " osterer." Probably miscopied for 
"ostercum," a gos-hawk, and observe, that Francis F.Foljambe, 
esq., is now seized of a rent of 4s. 8d. issuing out of lands at 
Mexbrough, the adjoining township, every third year, by the 
name of " Hawk-silver." H. M. Beckwith. 

Bainton. — In the second year of King Edward II., Peter de 
Mauley was found to be seized of the Manor of Bainton, with 
the advowson of the church, by the service of finding two 
knights and four esquires in the King's army for forty days in 
time of war, and to provide a steward to do suit for him at the 
King's Court at York, from six weeks to six weeks. 

[Escalt. 8. Ed. II., no. 84.] 

Babnby. — Dionysis, daughter and heiress of Robert de Cropp- 
ing, holds one toft and four oxgangs of land, with the appurten- 
ances, in Barneby, near Pocklington, by the service of finding 
part of one archer (partem unius sagitt') within the King's 
Castle of York, for forty days in the time of war. — 11 Richard 
II. 

[De term. Hil., ann. 11. Ric. II., rot. 1.] 

Bently. — Richard Scrope holds the manor of Bently, with 
its members, for four knight's fees, and pays yearly, at the 
Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, for castle-guard, twenty 
shillings; and at the Purification of the Blessed Mary, six 
shillings and eightpence ; and at the Feast of Easter, for meat 
to the watchmen, eightpence, and aid to the Sheriff, two 
shillings and sixpence ; and at the Feast of the Nativity of St. 
John the Baptist, for castle-guard, twenty shillings ; and at the 
Feast of St. Michael, for meat to the watchmen, eightpence, 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 218 

and for aid to the Sheriff, two shillings and sixpence ; and does 
suit to the Count from three weeks to three weeks. 

[Ex prcedicto Eot. Feodar.] 

This manor afterwards belonged to Adam de Newmarch ; and 
19th Eliz., 1577, to Francis Wyndham, Esq., and was held by 
the same services. 

[Betnrn of a Commission to enquire concerning the Honor 
of Tickhill, dated 28th June, 19 Eliz.] 

The heirs of John Annesly hold one knight's fee of the said 
four knight's fees, and pay to the Castle of Tickhill, at the 
Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, twelve pence, 
and more eightpence half-penny. 

[Ex prcedicto Rot. Feodar.] 

Bradford. — This manor belonged to John of Gaunt, who 
granted to John Northrop of Manningham, an adjoining village, 
and his heirs, three messuages and six bovates of land, to come 
to Bradford, on the blowing of a horn on St. Martin's Day in 
winter, and wait on him and his heirs, in their way from 
Blackburnshire, with a lance and hunting-dog for thirty days, 
to have for yeoman's board, one penny for himself and a half- 
penny for his dog, &c, for going with the receiver or bailiff to 
conduct him safe to the Castle of Pontefract. A descendant of 
Northrop afterwards granted land in Horton to Bushworth, of 
Horton, another adjoining village, to hold the bound while 
Northrop's man blew the horn. These are called "Hornman" 
or "Hornblow " lands, and the custom is still kept up : a man 
coming into the market-place with a horn, halbert and dog, is 
met by the owner of tbe lands in Horton. After proclamation 
made, the former calls out aloud, " Heirs of Bushworth, come 
hold me my hound, whilst I blow three blasts of my horn, to 
pay the rent due to our " Sovereign Lord the King." He then 
delivers the string to the man from Horton, and winds his 
horn thrice. The original horn, resembling that of Tutbury in 
Staffordshire, is still preserved, though stripped of its silver 
ornaments. 

[Gough's Camd. Brit. edit. 1789, vol. iii., p. 45.] 

Braithweix. — In the seventh year of the reign of King 
Richard II., 1888, William Cownall held a tenement in Braith- 
well, by homage, fealty, Ac, and suit of court to the manor of 
Conisborough, and by finding one footman ( hominem peditum J 
to guard the Castle for forty days, in time of war, at his own 
proper costs. At the Court held at Conisborough the 24th of 
August, 18 Hen. IV., 1412, William Eylmyn did fealty to the 
Lord, and acknowledged that he held of him one messuage, 
one toft, and nineteen acres of land, in Braithwell, in right of 
his wife, lately belonging to William Cresey, by homage, fealty, 
and the service of ten shillings a year rent, and by suit of court 



214 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

to the Court of Conisborough, from three weeks to three weeks, 
and by suit to the Lord's mill at Conisborough, &c. 

[Ex. Cop. Rot. Cur. penes edit. H. M. B.] 

Brook-house. — A farm a Brook-house, in Langsett, in the 
parish of Penis ton, pays yearly to Godfrey Bosville, Esq., ft 
snowball at Midsummer, and a red rose at Christmas. 

[Extracted from the writings of Godfrey Bosville, of Gun- 
thwaite, Esq., and communicated to the editor (H. M. B.) by 
John Wilson, of Broomhead, Esq.] 

Brotherton. — Not far from the church of Brotherton is a 
place of twenty acres, surrounded by a trenoh and wall, where, 
as tradition says, stood the house in which the Queen of 
Edward I. was delivered of a son. The tenants are still bound 
to keep it surrounded by a wall of stone. 

[Gough's Camd. Brit., edit. 1789, vol. iii., p. 46.] 

Carlcoats. — Two farms at Carlcoats, in the parish of Peni- 
stone, pay to Godfrey Bosville, Esq., the one a right-hand, and 
the other a left-hand glove, yearly. 

[From the writings of Godfrey Bosville.] 

Carlton -juxta-Rothwell. — William Hunt, of Carlton-by- 
Bothwell, holdeth freely from all services and demands (except 
one rose in the time of roses, if demanded) in Carlton aforesaid, 
one capital messuage, six curtilages, four cottages, two carneals 
(carucates) of land and meadow, and six assarts inseparable at 
all times in the year, with their appurtenances, of the Earl of 
Lincoln (Henry de Lacy), as of his manor of Both well, and the 
same William and his heirs shall have and for ever enjoy, in 
the manor of the said Earl there, without the park there, a 
leash of greyhounds and six hounds, and the said William and 
his heirs shall be ready and prepared, when they shall be 
required by the forester there for the time being of the afore- 
said Earl and his heirs, with the greyhounds and hunting- 
hounds aforesaid, to hunt and kill fat venison of the aforesaid 
Earl and his heirs in venison season in the said park. 

[Ex. Record, 18 Edward vi.] 

Cotingham.— Margaret, Duchess of Clarence, one of the 
sisters and heirs of Edward, late Earl of Kent, held the manor 
of Cotingham of the King by grand serjeantry, viz., by the 
service of finding one horseman, or esquire, sufficiently armed, 
to carry the coat of mail (Inricam) of our Lord the King, in his 
war with Wales, at her own proper costs, for forty days, if 
there should be a war in Wales. 

[De term. Mich., ann. 4 Hen. vi. Harl. MS. Brit. Mus. 84, 
pp. 488, 489.1 

[Note. — The words here translated, " horseman or esquire,'* 
are " unum armigerum equitem." It would, I think, be more 
correct to translate "one horse soldier," or perhaps, "one 
mounted esquire " would be better still. — W.P.B.] 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 215 

Cuckwold. — Sir Thomas Colevyle, Knight, holds the manor 
of Cuckwold, of Thomas, late Lord de Mowbray, as of his 
manor of Threke (Thirsk), rendering one target or shield, with 
the arms of the said Lord painted thereon, yearly at Whitsun- 
tide. 

[Escalt. 6 Hen. vi. no. 48.] 

Danegate. — John Thwaytes, and Joan, his wife, held the 
manor of Danegate ("Danygate "), in the county of York, 
called the Prison of the Lardonary, with the appurtenances, of 
our Lord the King, by the service of keeping the King's gaol in 
his forest of Galtres, receiving every year of our Lord the King 
and his heirs for keeping the said gaol £1 12s. Id. by the hands 
of the Sheriff of the county aforesaid, for the time being, at 
Easter and Michaelmas, by equal portions, and two oaks every 
year in the forest aforesaid, and one buck in summer and one 
doe in winter every year within the said forest, and with liberty 
to hunt foxes and hares in the said forest at all times in the 
year. 

[De term. Hil., ann. 4 Hen. vi., Harl. MS. Brit. Mus. 84, 
p.*441.] 

Doxgasteb. — At this place, on the 5th November yearly, 
whether it happens on a Sunday or any other day of the. week, 
the town waits play for some time on the top of the church 
steeple, at the time when the congregation are coming out of 
church from Morning service, the tune of "God Save the King." 
This has been done since 1700 at least, and very possibly ever 
since the 5th November has been a festival, except that form- 
erly the tune played was "Britons Strike Home. 1 ' The waits 
always receive from the churchwardens sixpence apiece for this 
service. [Letter from the Bev. Mr. Scott, of Doncaster, dated 
17th November, 1780.] 

Elmsaix. — John Besett gave to the King eight-pence for his 
relief for forty-eight acres of land in Elmesale, which John, his 
father, held of the King by the service of paying at the Castle 
of Pontefracc one pair of gloves furred with fox's skin, or eight- 
pence yearly. 

[De term. Mich., ann. 2 Edw. iii. Harl. MS., Brit. Mus. 
84. p. 96.] 

[An heiress of Bissett brought this estate to a branch of the 
Wentworth family. See Tong's Visitation of Yorkshire. 
W.P.B.] 

Gowthobp, Billingley, and Swinton. — Our Lord the King 
had eighteen bovates of land and a half in Goul thorp, Billinge- 
lay, and Swinton, which were his escheats, and he gave them 
to Daniel Pincerna, by the service of one sextary of wine, with 
the flaskets, to be rendered at London at the Feast of St. 
Michael. The land was worth five marks. 



216 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

[Testa de Nevil, p. 875.] Sextary, about a pint and a half, 
sometimes more. Blount. Flasket, flaskettum, a kind of 
basket. Blount. Probably a small bottle covered with basket- 
work, a " twiggen-bottle," Othello, act ii, sc. 8. 

Gunthwaite. — In the year 1588 the following rents were 
paid to Francis Bosville, lord of this manor, ancestor of Godfrey 
Bosville, Esq., viz. : — 

George Blunt, gent., paid two broad arrows with heads. 

James Bilcliffe paid a pair of gloves. 

Thomas Wardsworth, for Boughbanks, paid a thwittle. 

[From the writings of Godfrey Bosville.] 

Halifax. — Mr. Hazlitt gives an account of the Gibbet, from 
Watson's History of Halifax, p. 214, et seq. 

Hunshelf. — A farm called Unshriven Bridge (vulgo Unsliven 
Brigg), in Hunshelfe, in the parish of Penistone, pays yearly to 
Godfrey Bosville, Esq., of Gunthwaite, in the same parish, two 
broad-headed and feathered arrows. 

[From the writings of Godfrey Bosville.] 

Hutton-Conyers. — Near this town, which lies a few miles 
from Rip on, there is a large common, called Hutton-Conyers 
Moor, whereof William Aislabie, Esq., of Studley Royal (Lord 
of the Manor of Hutton-Conyers), is lord of the soil, and on 
which there is a large coney warren belonging to the Lord. 
The occupiers of messuages and cottages within the several 
towns of Hutton-Conyers, Melmerby, Baldersby, Bainton, 
Dishforth, and He wick, have right of estray for their sheep to 
certain limited boundaries on the common, and each township 
has a shepherd. 

The lord's shepherd bas a pre-eminence of tending his sheep 
on any part of the common, and wherever he herds the lord's 
sheep the several other shepherds are to give way to him, and 
give up their hooiing-place so long as he pleases to depasture 
the lord's sheep thereon. The lord holds his court the first 
day in the year, and to entitle those several townships to such 
right of estray, the shepherd of each township attends the 
court, and does fealty by bringing to the court a large apple 
pie and a twopenny sweet cake, except the shepherd of Hewick, 
who compounds by paying sixteenpence for ale (which is drunk 
as after-mentioned) and a wooden spoon ; each pie is cut in 
two and divided by the bailiff, one-half between the steward, 
bailiff, and the tenant of the coney warren before-mentioned, 
and the other half into six parts, and divided amongst the 6ix 
shepherds of the before-mentioned six townships. In the pie 
brought by the shepherd of Rain ton an inner one is made 
filled with prunes. The cakes are divided in the same manner. 
The bailiff of the manor provides furmety and mustard, and 
delivers to each shepherd a slice of cheese and a penny roll. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 217 

The furmety, well mixed with mustard, is put into an earthen 
pot and placed in a hole in the ground, in a garth belonging to 
{he bailiff's house, to which place the steward of the court, the 
bailiff, the tenant of the warren, and the six shepherds adjourn, 
with their respective wooden spoons. The bailiff provides 
spoons for the bteward, the tenant of the warren, and himself. 
The steward first pays respect to the furmety by taking a large 
spoonful, the bailiff has the next honour, the tenant of the 
warren next, then the shepherd of Hutton-Conyers, and after- 
wards the other shepherds by regular turns ; then each person 
is served with a glass of ale (paid for by the sixteen -pence 
brought by the Hewick shepherd), and the health of the Lord 
of the Manor is drunk ; then they adjourn back to the bailiffs 
house, and the further business of the court is proceeded with. 

[From a letter addressed by Mr. Henry Atkinson, of Eipon, 
to the editor H. M. Beckwith, dated 19th January, 1778.] 

In addition to the above account, which the editor received 
from the steward of the court, he learned the following par- 
ticulars from a Mr. Barrowby, of Dishforth, who has several 
times attended the court, and observed the customs used there : 
He says that each pie contains about a peck of flour, is about 
16 or 18 inches in diameter, and as large as will go into the 
mouth of an ordinary oven; that the bailiff of the manor 
measures them with a rule, and compasses them into four equal 
parts, of which the steward claims one, the warrener another, 
and the remainder is divided amongst the shepherds. In 
respect to the furmety, he says that the top of the dish in 
which it is put is placed level with the surface of the ground ; 
that all persons present are invited to eat of it, and those who 
do not are not deemed loyal to the lord ; that every shepherd 
is obliged to eat of it, and for that purpose is obliged to take a 
spoon in his pocket to the court, for if any one of them neglects 
to carry a spoon with him he is to lay him down upon his 
belly, and sup the furmety with his face to the pot or dish ; at 
which time it is usual, by way of sport, for some of the by- 
standers to dip his face into the furmety; and sometimes a 
shepherd, for the sake of diversion, will purposely leave his 
spoon at home. 

Lanowath. — On the 18th of the Calends of January (20th 
December), 1279, the Chapter of St. Peter of York granted to 
farm to J. S. all their Hay of Laugwath, with the soil of the 
same Hay, heath, marsh, and all other appurtenances, render- 
ing therefor yearly to them in the buck season one buck, and 
in the doe season one doe. 

[Ex ipso autographo.] 

Lbtwell. — Thomas de Lettewelle holds one acre of land in 
Lettewelle by serjeanty, and he is to receive one hound at the 
Nativity of the Blessed Mary, and to keep it the whole winter, 



218 YOBKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

and to have every day for keeping it threepence half-penny. 
It appears in the book of fees that eight oxgangs of land were 
held of the Honour of Tickhill by the same service. 

[Ex prcedicto Rot. Feodar.] 

Levington. — Adam de Br us, lord of Skelton, gave in marriage 
with his daughter Isabel, to Henry de Percy, eldest son and 
heir of Joceline de Lovain, the manor of Levington, for which 
he and his heirs were to repair to Skelton Castle every Christ- 
mas Day, and lead the Lady of the Castle from her chamber to 
the chapel for mass, and thence to her chamber again, and, 
after dining with her, to depart. 

[Circ. temp. Ric. I. vel. Joh. Regis. Great Percy chartulary, 
fo. 60. Collin8's Peerage, vol. 2, pa. 97, edit. 5.] 

Mexbobough. — The tenants of the land of Roger Bacon did 
fealty, and acknowledged that they held in M ex borough four 
oxgangs of land, and paid every two years for keeping the 
Castle (of Tickhill), in each year, two shillings and four pence, 
and the third year they paid nothing ; and they came to the 
two great courts. 

[Ex proedict. Rot. Feodar.] 

Query if this was not the famous friar, Roger Bacon ; for 
there is a tradition that he was a native of this part of York- 
shire, and that his brazen head was set up in a Held at Roth- 
well, near Leeds, where the editor was born. J. Beckwith. 

[Note. — Roger Bacon is said to have been born near Ilches- 
ter, co. Somerset, in 1214. I do not understand what is meant 
by the allusion to the brazen head, and should like an expla- 
nation.— W. P. B.] 

Newbiogin. — The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem in Eng- 
land, had at Newbigging thirteen oxgangs of land of assize held 
by these men — Baldwin held one oxgang for two shillings and 
a half, and two hens, and twenty eggs, and four days' work in 
autumn, with one man, to plough twice, to harrow twice, to 
mow once, to make hay once, and, when necessary, to repair 
the mill-dam, and carry the mill-stones, and to wash sheep one 
day, and to shear them another ; Bertram and Osbert, for one 
oxgang of land, paid thirty pence, and did service as aforesaid, 
&c. And be it known that all cottagers ought to spread and 
cock hay once, and to wash and shear sheep, and repair the 
mill-dam, as those which held one oxgang of land. 

[Inquis. capt. ann. 1185. Mon. Aug. torn, ii, pa. 589.] 

North Gyneldale. — Thomas de Walkingham, son and heir 
of John de Walkingham, gives to the King six marks, for his 
relief, for tenements in North Gyneldall and East Gineldale, 
which he held by the service of finding one balistar towards 
fortifying the castle of York in time of war. 80 Ed. I. 

[De term. Hil. ann. 80 Edw. I. Harl. MS. Brit. Mas., 84. 
pa. 24.] Now Great and Little Givendale. W.P.B. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 219 

Okston and Dalton. — Anketil Malore holds certain lands 
and ten shillings rent, in Oketon and Dalton, by serjeanty to 
the King by archery (per archeriamj which land the King gave 
to the said Anketil in marriage with the daughter and heir of 
William de Muletorp ; and he holds the aforesaid land of one 
archery for finding one servant towards the guarding of the 
Castle of York in time of war, for forty days, at his own proper 
charge. He has also to find a servant to conduct the treasure 
of our Lord the King throughout the whole county at his own 
proper charge, and out of the county at the charge of our Lord 
the King. 

[Plac. coron. 15 Hen. III. Ebor. rot. i, dors.] 

Oxspbing. — In the year 1572, John Waynwright, Wytwell 
Hall, in Hallamshire (in the manor of Bolsterstone), paid to 
Godfrey Bosvilie, Esq., Lord of the manor of Oxspring, " two 
grett brode arrows well hedyd, and barbyd ordrly." 

[From the writings of Godfrey Bosvilie.] 

Poluhoton. — The Manor of Pollington, near Snaith, is copy- 
hold, and the custom is there that if a copyholder dies seised of 
lands, having no issue male, but having daughters, and does 
not surrender it to them in his lifetime, the same shall escheat 
to the Lord of the Manor, and the daughters shall not inherit. 
Sir Henry Savile, of Methley, Baronet, purchased this manor 
of Sir Thomas Metham, Knight, and John Savile, of Methley 
aforesaid, Esq., now enjoyeth the same, 1674. 

[Ex. MS. in Bibliotheca, Monast. Ebor.] 

Ripon. — There are the remains of a very ancient custom 
once generally observed here by the inhabitants. On Mid- 
summer Eve, every housekeeper (i.e. householder) who has in 
that year changed his residence into a new neighbourhood 
(there being certain limited districts called neighbourhoods), 
spreads a table before his door in the street with bread, cheese, 
and ale, for those that choose to resort to it, where, after stay- 
ing awhile, if the master is of ability, the company are invited 
to supper, and the evening is concluded with mirth and good 
humour. The introduction of this custom is immorial, but it 
seems to have been instituted for the purpose of introducing 
new comers to an early acquaintance with their neighbours ; or 
it may have been with the more laudable design of settling 
differences by the meeting and mediation of friends. The 
feast of St. Wilfrid, celebrated annually at this place, continues 
nearly a week. On the Saturday after Lammas Day an effigy 
of the Prelate is brought into the town, preceded by music ; the 
people go out to meet it and, with every demonstration of joy, 
commemorate the return of their former patron from exile. 
The next day is dedicated to him, being here called St. Wilfray's 
Sunday. 

[Hist, of Ilipon, pp. 46, 47.] 



220 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Sheffield. — [What follows is a revised translation of the 
title of a roll, as given by •'E.G." in a letter to the Gentleman's 
Magazine, vol. 84, p. 829.] 

From the office of the Escheator, 89, Edw. III., after the 
death of Thomas, Lord de Furnival, comity of York ; the Castle 
and Lordship of Sheffield, with its members and appurtenances, 
are held of our Lord the King in capite, as of his crown, by 
homage and fealty, and by the service of one Knight's Fee, and 
by the service of paying to the King and his heirs yearly two 
white greyhounds ( leporarios ) on the Feast of the Nativity of 
St. John the Baptist. 

(There is a long note here as to whether the correct reading 
is •' lepores" hares, or " leporarios" greyhounds. The various 
editors of Blount, and others, have given their opinions, which 
are mostly in favour of "hares." With great deference, I 
venture to say that, in my opinion, the greyhound theory is 
much more likely to be correct.— W.P.B.) 

At this place there was a custom formerly used, that those 
persons who held lands of the Manor of Sheffield, by Knight's 
service, met yearly in the Wicker, near that town, on Easter- 
Tuesday, dressed in armour and on horse-back, and were there 
drawn up by a captain, and proceeded from thence to the Town 
Hall and back again ; after which parade they had a dinner 
provided for them by the lord's steward. The person whose 
duty it was to act as captain of this company was John Wilson, 
Esq., of Broomhead, who for soveral years employed one 
Thomas Bam forth, a scissor-3inith, as his deputy, to officiate 
for him, to whom he used to lend his horse and sword for the 
day; and this Bamforth, by leading up the men in that manner 
for several years acquired the name of Captain Bamforth. 

In the pleadings upon a writ of Quo Warranto brought 
against Thomas de Furnival, before John de Yallibus and other 
Justices Itinerant, at York, 7 Edw. I., 1279, he claimed to 
cause an assembly of all his men in Hallamshire to be held 
every year after Easter, for the confirming of the peace of the 
King, in the place of the Great Tourne. This account was had 
by Josiah Beckwith, the editor of the 1784 edition, from John 
Wilson, Esq., of Broomhead, a gentleman well skilled in the 
science of antiquities, son to the Mr. Wilson whose deputy, 
Captain Bamforth was. Mr. Wilson says he does not know how 
his ancestors came to head up the men, as there were gentlemen 
of more landed property in the manors, which comprehended 
Sheffield, Hands worth, Whiston, Treeton, &c, but thinks it took 
rise from Adam Wilson, of Broomhead, his ancestor, who was 
shield-bearer, or esquire, to the said Lord Furnival, and had 
lands given him in Wigtwisle, near Broomhead, which Mr. 
Wilson still possesses, for his good services in the wars against 
the Scots ; in which grant Thomas de Furnival calls him 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 221 

" scutiger mens," and gives him the lands "pro bono servitio 
sno in guerram contra Scotos." This custom, Mr. Wilson 
says, was kept up till the year 1715 or 1716, when it was quite 
dropped, but for what reason he knows not, unless the Duke of 
Norfolk, who was then lord of the district of Hallamshire, and 
was a Roman Catholic, thought it prudent so to do, lest some 
hundreds of his tenants, so arrayed, should give offence to the 
Govenment, especially at that time. Mr. Wilson further says 
he was told by Mr. Andrew Wade and Mr. Thomas Eadford, 
two old master cutlers, who could remember this custom 
several years, that it was usual to hang a large bag filled with 
sand upon the bough of a tree in the wicker, with a number of 
small rings fastened to it, at which they tilted full gallop with 
their swords drawn ; if they missed running their swords into 
one of the rings, the bag came back with such force that it 
knocked them off the horse's back, which was good sport for 
the bystanders. 

According to a writer in the Builder, March 26 bh, 1870, there 
is a custom here of granting leases for 800 years. 

Softley. — A farm at Softley, in the parish of Penistone, pays 
yearly to the Bosvilles of Gunthwaite a whittle. 

[From the writings of Godfrey Bosville.] 

Strafpobd Wapentake. — Thomas Garnifex holds of our lord 
the King, in capite' the manor of R (sic) by the sergeanty of 
finding for him in his army in Wales one horse, one bill, one 
pin, (brochiam) and one sack, &c. ; and the aforesaid Thomas 
was amerced for the unjust detention. 

[Plac. Coron. 7 Edw. I. Ebor.] 

Swinton. — William FitzDaniel holds four oxgangs and a half 
of land in Swinton, paying therefor yearly one flasket, &c. 

[Plac. Coron. 15 Hen. III. Ebor. rot. 17.] Vide under 
Goulthorp. 

Two farms lying in this township which belong to Earl Fitz- 
william, late in the occupations of John Mercer and Richard 
Thompson, every year change their parish ; for one year, from 
Easter-day at twelve noon till next Easter-day at the same 
honr, they lie in the parish of Mexborough, and then till the 
Easter-day following at the same hour they are in the parish 
of Wath-upon-Dearne, and so alternately. These farms con- 
sist of about 802 acres. 

[H. M. Beckwith, 1815.] 

Tinsley. — William de London holds Tinneslowe by serjeanty, 
and he is to receive a hawk at the feast of St. Michael, and to 
train and teach it custodire the whole winter, and to have for 
training it sevenpence halfpenny every day out of the lord's 
purse for his service ; and his horses were to be appraised if 
they died in the same service, and the lord was to pay him the 
price. 



222 Y0BK8HIRE N0TE8 AND QUERIES. 

William Wyntworth holds his tenements in Tynneslowe by 
the service of training and teaching custodiendum a hawk, as 
above ; and Thomas Denman holds the other moiety in Tynnes- 
lowe by the same service. 

[Ex prcediot. Rot. Feodar.] 

Ulf's Lands. — About the time of King Canute the Dane, Ulf, 
the son of Thorold, a prince of that nation, governed in the 
western part of Deira, that division of the ancient kingdom of 
Northumbria which was bounded by the river Humber south- 
wards, and to the north by the Tyne, which continued so dis- 
tinguished under the Danes, but is now better known by the 
name of Yorkshire, and the five other northern counties of 
England. "This prince, by reason of a difference like to 
happen between his eldest son and his youngest, about his 
estate after his death, presently took this course to make them 
equal ; without delay he went to York, and taking with him the 
horn, wherein he was wont to drink, he filled it with wine, and 
kneeling upon his knees before the altar, bestowed upon God 
and the blessed St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, all his lands 
and revenues." [Camd. Brit. tit. Yorkshire, West Biding.] 
The figure of which horn, in memory thereof, is cut in stone 
upon several parts of the choir, but the horn itself, about King 
Edward VI's time, is supposed to have been sold to a gold- 
smith, who took away from it those tippings of gold wherewith 
it was adorned, and the gold chain affixed thereto ; it is certain 
that it was remaining among many other ornaments, and pre- 
sented in the Sacristy at York in the time of King Henry VIII. , 
some time before the Reformation ; where it lay from the 
time of King Edward VI. till it fortunately came into the hands 
of Thomas, Lord Fairfax, General of the Parliament Army, 
there is no account ; but he being a lover of antiquities, took 
care to preserve it during the confusions of the civil wars ; and 
dying in 1651, it came into the possession of his next relation, 
Henry, Lord Fairfax, who restored it again to its first re- 
pository, where it now remains a noble monument of modern 
as well as ancient piety. 

As to its present condition, its beauty is not in the least im- 
paired by age, it being of ivory, (of an eight-square form) — the 
carving is very durable, and it is ornamented in the circum- 
ference, at the larger extremity, with the figures of two griffins, 
a lion, unicorn, dogs, and trees interspersed in bas relief, and 
where the plates are fixed, with a foliage after the taste of those 
times. 

Lord Fairfax supplied the want of the plates, which anciently 
embellished this horn, honoured in all probability with the 
name of the donor, (the loss of which original inscription can 
only be lamented, not retrieved) and substituted the present 
one, with the chain of silver gilt. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

CORNY HOG VLPHV8, IN OGCIDENTALI PARTE DEIRAE PRINCEPS, 

YNA GVM 0MNIBV3 TERRJS ET REDDITI3YS SYIS 

OLIM DONAYIT: 

ADMISSYM YEL ABREPTVM 

HENRICY8 D« FAIRFAX OEMYM RE8TITVIT DEC. ET CAP OE NOVO 

ORNAVIT. AN. DOM. 1675. 

[Arclucologia, vol. i., p. 168, et seq.] 

[The following lands are mentioned in Doomsday Book as 
having formerly belonged to Ulf, and now (1087) belonging to 
the Archbishop of York. 

Biding not specified. 

Langtoft, 1 Manor, 9 Carucates. 
Gotham, 1 „ 9 ,, 

Nobth Biding. 

Salt on, 2 Manors, 9 Carucates. 

Brawby, 2 ,, 6 „ 

Barugh \ q qj 

AliaBarughj * " ** 

Nawton 4 ,, 

Malton 1 ,, 1 ,, 

Wimbleton 1 ,, 1 „ 

Pockley 1 „ 1 ,, 

Ampleford 1 ,, 8 ,, 

Flaxton 1 ,, 6 oxgangs. 
Morton 



'Baschebi" 
Coulton 



2 J carucates. 

6 ,, and 1 oxgang. 

4* 



Stonegrave 6 oxgangs. 

W.P.B.] 
Wadslky. — Josiah Beckwith (editor of the 1784 edition) was 
informed by his correspondent, Mr. Wilson, of Broomhead, that 
he has heard old men speak of an ancient custom in the Manor 
of Wadsley which was that the lord or owner of Wadsley Hall 
always maintained twelve men and their horses at free com- 
mons twelve days in Christmas, and when they went away 
every one stuck a large pin, or a needle, in the mantle tree. 

Wakefield. — John, Earl of Warren and Surrey, granted to 
one John Howson a messuage in Wakefield, the said Howson 
paying the annual rent of a thousand clusters of nuts, and up- 
holding a gauntlet firm and strong. 

[Watson's Memoirs of the Earls of Warren and Surrey, Vol. 1, 
pa. 264; from a deed in French, dated 7 Edw. I., late in the 
possession of Mr. Thos. Wilson, of Leeds.] 

To be continued. W.P.B. 



224 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Saltan*, 




Sir Titus Salt, Bart. 
Saltaire, as will bo seen from the plate herewith, is a modern 
town, with a newly-invented name. It is the grand design of 
a noble mind. The Founder of Saltaire was the son of Daniel 
Bait and Grace, his wife, daughter of Isaac Smithies, of Mor- 
ley. He was born September 20th, 1808, and named after his 
grandfather, Titus Salt, of Hunslet. Soon after his birth, 
which took place at the old Manor House, Morley, the family 
removed to a farm at Crofton. Whilst Titus was at Heath 
Grammar School, Wakefield, his father removed to Bradford, 
and commenced busiuess as a woolstapler, and was joined in 
due time by his son, the firm becoming known as Daniel Salt 
and Son. During the partnership with his father, he intro- 
duced the Russian Donskoi Wool into the worsted trade. 
About 1880, ho first became acquainted with Alpaca, and the 




3 



YORKSHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

business outgrew the Bradford accommodation. It is said that 
8ir Titus intended to form a new establishment east of Brig- 
house, but falling to agree with Sir George Armytage about 




Saltaire Congregational Church, 
the land, he procured a site at Shipley, and in 1851 commenced 
the erection of the model factories and town, now known as 
Saltaire, from the founder and the river* 

Y.N.Q. 



226 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

We need not repeat the oft-told story from Dickens' HoiueluM 
Words of the purchase of the "frowsy nondescript stuff/' Alpaca 
wool, in 1886, nor the growth of this beautiful little town, 
whose praise has reached the four quarters of the globe. In 
Abraham Holroyd's booklet — " Saltaire, and Its Founder/* the 
grand conception and its ultimate development is minutely 
traced. The whole story stands forth more like an idea worked 
out by some Utopian novelist than an accomplished fact in 
these pushing times. We have the romantic incidents of the 
opening of the works on the Founder's fiftieth birthday, Sep- 
tember 20th, 1858. The workpeople, 2500 in number, were 
conveyed by special train from Bradford, and rubbed shoulder 
to shoulder with Yorkshire's aristocracy, including the Lord 
Lieutenant of the County, the Earl of Harewood, in the unpar- 
alleled rejoicings of that day. Not content with a large mill 
and first-class cottage houses, each succeeding year saw some 
magnificent structure — literary or religious, or purely philan- 
thropic — such as Infirmary and Alms-houses, added to the at- 
tractions of the town, but public houses were rigidly suppressed. 
The Literary Institute and the Park crowned the unique design, 
and the Queen and her subjects were of one mind in the be- 
stowal and approval of a Baronetcy. Sir Titus had yielded his 
seat as Member of Parliament for Bradford for more congenial 
labours in local philanthropy. He must have looked with 
great satisfaction and thankfulness on the accomplishment of 
his noble purpose. Sir Titus died at Crow Nest, Lightcliffe, 
but was brought to the Congregational Church at Saltaire, 
which he had himself founded, to be interred, and a beautiful 
mausoleum was added to the structure. Since his death, royal 
pageants reminding us of the days of Queen Elizabeth have 
been seen at Saltaire, — the first when the Prince and Princess 
of Wales stayed over-night at Milner Field, Mr. Titus Salt's 
residence, and again in the Jubilee year when the Princess 
Beatrice, accompanied by her husband, opened the Exhibition 
at Saltaire. Hardly had the Exhibition come to a close when 
Mr. Titus Salt was suddenly struck down by heart disease, and 
he too was interred amongst the people with whom he had 
spent his life's labours. 

Of Sir Titus Salt's ancestors we know nothing, save that his 
grandfather died at Hunslet Foundry, August 21st, 1827. 



COINS STRUCK IN YORKSHIRE. 

By the Rev. G. F. Cbowtheb, M.A., Member of the Numismatic 
Society, and Author of a " Guide to English Pattern Coins." 

In a description of coins struck in Yorkshire our attention is 
limited to only a small number of towns. In fact, with the 



YORKSHIRE NOTES. AND QUERIES. 227 

single exception of York itself, no Yorkshire mint long retained 
the privilege of issuing coins. Edward I. established a mint at 
Kyngeston upon Hull, and we have silver pennies of his, bearing 
on the reverse the inscription, vill kyngeston. But these pen- 
nies of Edward I. are by no means common, and they are the 
only coins that were ever issued from the Kyngeston mint. 

During the Civil War various pieces of necessity, or siege 
pieces, were struck at Scarborough and at Pontefract. At the 
last named town the Governor of the Castle, Colonel John 
Morris, held out against the rebels for seven weeks after the 
death of King Charles I. During that period he coined some 
shillings of an octagonal shape, inscribed on the obverse, post : 
mortem : patbis : pro : filio ; and on the reverse, carol : ii : d : 
g: mao: b: f: et: h: rex. 

The only other coins struck in Yorkshire are those which 
were issued from the York mint. The earliest known coins 
which can undoubtedly be attributed to York, date from the end 
of the eighth century: from which time to the end of the seven- 
teenth century, the York mint was worked almost without 
interruption. It is probable that the coins of Ecgfrith, King of 
Northumbria (670-685), were struck at York: and there can be 
no doubt that most, if not all the small copper coins, known as 
"styctf," issued by the Archbishops, E an bald (796), Yigmund 
(887-854), and Yulfhere (854-900;, also owe their origin to the 
city of York. 

The number of early coins still extant, which were struck in 
this city, bears witness to the wealth and power of Northumbria; 
and shews that the second city of the kingdom was at one time 
no mean rival of London itself. Although I have not sought 
for coins of the York mint, my collection furnishes, amongst 
others, the following examples : — 

A.D. 887-854. Styca of Vigmund, by the moneyer hvnlap. 
877-894. Silver penny of Cnut, or Guthred, reading on 

the reverse, ebraice ctvita ••• 
circa 905. Silver penny of S. Peter, with sword to left. 
1016-1038. Silver penny of Cnut the Great, with name 
of moneyer and mint on reverse, pvlnod m.o 
eof., i.e. Wulnoth monetaries Eoferwic. 
But to give a list of the York coins in my collection would be 
tedious to your readers.* It is enough to add that coins were 
struck there by Aethelstan, Eadmund, Eadvig, Eadgar, Aethel- 
raedlL, Cnut, Harold I., Edward the Confessor, Harold II., 
William I. & II., Henry I., Stephen, Henry II. & III,, Edward 
L, H. & HI., Bichard H., Henry V. & VI., Edward IV., 
Bichard HI., Henry VII. & VIII., Edward VI., Charles I., and 
William IH. 

• We trow not.— Ed. 



228 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

With respect, however, to the coins of Edward VI., your cor- 
respondent is in error in attributing to the York mint those 
which bear the mint mark Y. This letter has reference to Sir 
John Yorke, who was master of the Southwark mint, where all 
pieces of Edward VI. with this mint mark were coined. The 
York coins of Edward VI. have for mint mark a pierced mullet. 
Of these we have sixpences and threepences of fine silver, with 
the King's bust, full faced, on the obverse ; and on the reverse, a 
shield of arms divided by a cross, with legend, civitas ebobaci : 
and a penny of base silver, with a Tudor rose on the obverse, 
and legend e.d.o. rosa sine spi., the reverse bearing a shield of 
arms divided by a cross, with legend, civitas ebobaci. 



Blount's Yorkshire Tenures. — Continued. 

Wakefield. — In ejectment for copyhold lands, held of this 
manor, it was admitted at a trial at bar that, by the custom of the 
manor, copyhold lands might be entailed ; and that the custom to 
bar such entails is for the tenant in tail to commit a forfeiture ; 
and then after three proclamations made, the lord of the manor 
may seize for such forfeiture, and regrant the lands to the 
copyholder and his heirs, by which means he hath an estate in 
fee, and by consequence the estate tail is gone; but that 
another custom to bar such entails is for the tenant in tail in 
possession to make a surrender to a purchaser and his heirs, 
and then such purchaser is to commit a forfeiture, for which 
the lord of the manor is to seize, and to regrant to the pur- 
chaser, and by this means the issue in tail are barred, though 
the tenant in tail did not join. 

[1 Sid. 814 ; Pilkington v. Stanhope] 

[Under Wakefield Manor it is customary to make surrender 
by yielding a straw, and occasionally a straw may be found 
affixed to the deed. J.H.T.] 

Whitby. — In the fifth year of the reign of King Henry II., 
after the conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy, 
the lord of Uglebarmby, then called William de Bruce, the lord 
of Snaynton, called Ralph de Percy, and a gentleman free- 
holder, called A Hot son, did, on the 16th day of October, meet 
to hunt the wild boar, in a certain wood or desart called Esk- 
dale-side : the wood or place did belong to the Abbot of the 
Monastery of Whitby, who was then called Sedman, and Abbot 
of the said place. 

Then the aforesaid gentlemen did meet with their hounds 
and boar-staves in the place aforesaid, and there found a great 
wild boar ; and the hounds did run him very hard near the 
chapel and hermitage of Eskdale-side, where there was a monk 
of Whitby, who was a hermit ; and the boar being so hard 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 229 

pursued, took in at the chapel door, and there laid him down 
and died immediately, and the hermit shut the hounds out of 
the chapel, and kept himself at his meditation and prayers, the 
hounds standing at a bay without, the gentlemen in the thick 
of the wood, put behind their game, in following the cry of the 
hounds, came to the hermitage, and found the hounds round the 
chapel ; then came the gentlemen to the door of the chapel, 
and called on the hermit, who did open the door, and then they 
got forth, and within lay the boar dead, for which the gentle- 
men in a fury, because their hounds were put out of their 
game, run at the hermit with their boar-staves, whereof he 
died ; then the gentlemen knowing, and perceiving that he was 
in peril of death, took sanctuary at Scarborough ; but at that 
time, the Abbot, being in great favour with the King, did re- 
move them out of the sanctuary, whereby they came in danger 
of the law, and not privileged, but like to have the severity of 
the law, which was death. But the hermit, being a holy man, 
and being very sick, and at the point of death, sent for the 
Abbot, and desired him to send for the gentlemen, who had 
wounded him to death ; so doing, the gentlemen came, and the 
hermit, being sick, said, " I am sure to die of these wounds : " 
the Abbot answered, " They shall die for it ; " but the hermit 
said, " Not so, for I will freely forgive them my death, if they 
are content to be enjoined this penalty (penance) for the safe- 
guard of their souls : " the gentlemen being there present, bid 
him enjoin what he would, so he saved their lives : then said 
the hermit, " You and yours shall hold your land upon (of) the 
Abbot of Whitby and (his) successors in this manner ; that 
upon Ascension-day even, you, or some of you, shall come to 
the wood of Stray heads, which is in Eskdale-side, and the 
same day (Ascension-day at sun-rising), and there shall the 
officer of the Abbot blow his horn, to the intent that you may 
know how to find him, an4 deliver unto you, William de 
Bruce, ten stakes, eleven strut stowers, and eleven yadders, to 
be cut with a knife of a penny price ; and you, Ralph de Percy, 
shall take one and twenty of each sort, to be cut in the same 
manner ; and you, Allotson, shall take nine of each sort, to be 
cut as aforesaid, and to be taken on your backs, and carried to 
the town of Whitby, and to be there before nine o'clock of the 
day before mentioned ; and at the hour of nine o'clock, if it be 
fall sea, to cease their service, as long as till it be low water ; 
and at nine o'clock of the same day, each of you shall set your 
stakes at the brim of the water, each stake a yard from another, 
and so yadder them with your yadders, and to stake them on 
each side with strut-stowers, that they stand three tides, with- 
out removing by the force of the water; each of you shall make 
at that hour in every year, except it be full sea at that hour, 
which when it shall happen to come to pass the service shall 



280 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

cease : you shall do this to remember that yon did slay me, and 
that you may the better call to God for mercy, repent yourselves, 
and do good works. The officer of Eskdale-Side shall blow, 
Out on you ! Out on you ! for this heinous crime of yours : if 
you or your successors refuse this service, as long as it shall 
not be a full sea, at the hour aforesaid, you or yours shall forfeit 
all your lands to the Abbot or his successors ; this I do intreat, 
that you may have your lives and goods for this service, and 
you to promise by your parts in heaven, that it shall be done 
by you and your successors as it is aforesaid " : and then the 
Abbot said, " I grant all that you have said, and will confirm 
it by the faith of an honest man " : then the hermit said, " My 
soul longeth for the Lord, and I as freely forgive these gentle- 
men my death, as Christ forgave the thief upon the cross"; and 
in the presence of the Abbot and the rest, he said moreover 
these words, "In manus tuas, Domine, commendo spiritual 
meum, a vinculisenim mortis redemisti me, Domine veritatis." 
(Into Thy hands, Lord, I commend my spirit, for Thou hast 
redeemed me from the bonds of death, Lord of truth.) And 
the Abbot and the rest said "Amen." And so (the hermit) 
yielded up the ghost the 8th day of December. Upon whose 
soul God have mercy, Anno Domini, 1160. 

[From a printed copy published at Whitby a few years prior 
to 1816.] 

N.B. — This service is still annually performed. H.M.B. 
[The Lord of Whitby Manor, as successor to the abbots, 
about half a century since offered to dispense with the cere- 
mony, but the proprietor of the remaining lands held by this 
remarkable tenure declined it. N. & Q., 3rd ser., ii. pa. 88. 

The feudal system of the Penny Hedge was duly observed on 
Wednesday Morning (Ascension Eve), by Mr. Herbert, in the 
presence of Mr. Pennock and others. Whitby Gazette, May 
81, 1862. W.P.B.] 

Whorlton. — Nicholas de Menyll held the Manor of Whorlton, 
&c, of the Archbishop of Canterbury, by serving the said Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury on the day of his consecration, with the 
cup out of which the Archbishop was to drink that day. 
[Escaet. 16 Edw. III., no. 87.] 

I [Bradford Horn, see p. 218. UlfsHorn, 
York, see pp. 222, 223. Poulson gives the 
arms of Ulf, the Danish Lord of Aldbrough, 
and other East Biding Manors, as shewn 
herewith, and &tates that he died in the 
reign of the Confessor, and that the fifth 
in descent from him married in 1228 the 
daughter of Thomas, Lord of Greystock, 
and the later Barons of Greystook take the 
Forno and Ulf arms quarterly.] 




Y0BK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



281 




York. — Philip le Lardiner claims to be salesman (venditor) 
for our Lord the King in fee, within the county of York, of all 
things to be sold for debt owing to the King, and also for Queen - 
gold fproauro Regime). In this manner — viz., that he or his 
certain attorney should, at the command of the Sheriff, go from 



282 Y0RK8HIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

place to place within the county at his own charges to make the 
said sales, and should take for every such sale for his fee xxxij. 
pence. [Quo Warr. Ebor. temp. Edw. I.] 

Which tenure was afterwards seized into the King's hands 
for the abuse thereof, as appears by the Great Roll of the Pipe, 
2 Ed. II. 

David Lardinar holds one piece of land in York by the service 
of keeping the gaol, and of selling the cattle which were taken 
for the debts of our Lord the King, and it is worth yearly 6 
shillings. 

[Testa de Nevil. 868.] 

William de Malehovers holds one piece of land, and the ad- 
vowson of the chapel of St. Mary Magdalen, by the service of 
finding benches for the county court. 

iibid.] 

The 1st of August is said to be called Lammas, quasi Lamb 
Mass, because on that day the tenants that held land of the 
cathedral church of York, which is dedicated to St. Peter ad 
Yincula, were bound by their tenure to bring a live lamb into 
the church at high mass on that day. 

[Blount's Law Diet, in verbo.] 

Before the Enclosure Act came into effect, a large portion of 
the land in the immediate vicinity of York was held by a rather 
peculiar tenure. The owners of the fields were entitled to keep 
them enclosed, and have the exclusive enjoyment of the land 
during the summer half-year; but on Michaelmas Day the 
fences were thrown down, and certain freemen of the city had 
the right of turning on their cattle to depasture for the ensuing 
six months. 

[Extracts from the York Records, by Robert Davies, 1848, 
pp. 186, 198.] 

London. W. Paley Baildon. 



Washbdrn Place Names. — I should be extremely obliged by 
the notes, etymological and otherwise, of correspondents upon 
the following place-names, all occurring near the head- waters 
of the Washburn, some on the high moors, some on the rocky 
slopes of the dells, and some as names of brooks, &c. The 
spelling is that of the Ordnance Survey. The portion in italics 
is the portion of the word to which attention is drawn— Hood- 
stnrth, Whams (" The Whams," " White Whams," &c.) ; Slade 
(Hangon Slade); CapelshtLW, or Cappish&vr; Lifo'shaw; Brandrith, 
or BrandrrtA; RedfwA ; Fleets (on the moor); Iioclianl Dyke; 
Maukin Gro68 ; Pan Head ; Yaud Bones Ridge ; /WAstones. 

A FORESTEB. 



YOBXBHIBE NOTES AND QUERIES. 288 

Domestic State Papers, James I., Vol. XXXVII, No. 107. — 
An undated and an unsigned State Paper being a description of 
the Manors of Wakefield, Pontefract, Knaresborough, and Tic- 
kell in Yorkshire, belonging to the Duchy of Lancaster, and of 
others in Lincolnshire, according to a recent survey with entries 
of the nature of the tenures, the occupation and character of 
the inhabitants, and the feasibility of obtaining increased rents. 
About November, 1608. 

Ducatus Lancaster. — Wakefeild. 

The Manor of Wakefeild is neare 800£ of copihold rent, 
rented generally at iiijd. the acre. 

The most of it inclosed ground, meadow and pasture worthe 
Eight or Tenn shillings an acre, p. ann. 

Their fynes upon deathe or alienacon arbitrable. 

The proffitts of Courts are in lease. 

The Stewards make great proffit. 

The better sort of tenants, there, desire to be made free and 
thinck fourescore years fyne no great rate. 

The Tenants generally riche and traders in clothe, most of 
them peaceable and quietly disposed. 

Therefore I think this Lordshipp may be made a worthie ex- 
ample of proffitt to many other of like tenure, for I verily think 
they may be drawen with some circumstances to very high rates. 
Pountfrett. 

The Honor of Pountfrett consists of eightene Manors whereof 
fowre of the best are in Joincture to the Queen, therefore not 
surveyed by me. The Copihold rent of the rest amounts to £400 
or thereabouts. 

The rents are rated Higher than Wakefeild. 

Their fynes arbitrable as Wakefeild. 

The soile nor Tenants so riche, yett well disposed and may 
be drawen to convicons annswerable to their abilities and the 
benefitt they shall receave. 

Knaresbroughe. 

The manor and forest of Knaresbroughe in Copihold rent is 
about £200. 

The soile good and inclosed, the tenants generally riche. 

The one half of this rent is in the forest where all their land 
is rented at vjd. an acre, their measure is so great as, one with 
another, they hold fowre acres for one throughout the forest. 

They observe their Customs curiously and stand upon it that 
their fynes are certein upon alienacon, and so are they, for 
anything I could either see or learne. 

They are the most headstrong people in that country, there- 
for preparatives must be there used before the mayne service be 
in band. 

There neither is nor hath been (within memory) any deare 
in the forest, nor any woods to make account of. 



284 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Great store of sheep are kept in the forest which are no forest 
goods. 

In this Lordship are moch and good demesnes claymed and 
holden by Copie, the Tenants whereof are willing to give fortie 
yeares fyne to be made free, thoughe their rent farr exceed the 
forest rent ratably. 

Tickhull. 

In the manor of Tickhull is about 100£ Gopihold rent. 

The fynes arbitrable but the rents highly rated. 

The Tenants nor soile so good or riche as in other places, 
yet will the Tenants intertayne their freedome at a reasonable 
highe rate, in respect they think their Steward useth them 
hardely thoughe the King's proffitt be small therein. 

Some other small manors there are in Yorkshire of like state 
and nature as Tickhull, but the rents of them all amount not 
to 100£. 

Lincoln. 

All the Duchie Manors in this countie I have surveyed and 
fynd the Copihold rents there amount near to 500£. 

Their fynes generally uncertaine, except the Manors of Gree- 
tham and Waddington, which are but small things. 

The rents of the Manors of Long Sutton and Ingoldemeales 
are about 200£. The Soile very good and inclosed. 

The Tenants riche and great reason to hope to raise as moch 
proffit to His Matie. in these two manors as in Wakefeild. 

The rest in Lincolnshire are not so riche tenants nor soile so 
good, yett may they easily be drawen by example of their 
neighbours to what their abilities will beare. 

So the whole Copihold rent in theis two Counties (which I 
have onely yett surveyed) comes to about 1500£. 

In Lancashire, Staffordshire, Derbishire, Leicestershire and 
other Counties within my office are very great store of Copihold 
rent which I shall willingly survey upon direccon. 

Transcribed by Dr. F. Collins, York. 



Yorkshire Collections on Briefs from the Parish Records 
of Denston, Suffolk. £ Bm <j # 

1665. It. Collected to a Breife Oct. 15, for 
Shelling ffleete in the East Ridinge of Yorkeshire 2 1 

1691. Aug. 16, for Thirske (Poor Persons in N. 

Riding of Yorks. Arch. Cant. xiv. 211.) 1 

1692. For Hedon in Yorkshire 1 1 

1805. June 16, Coley Chapel, co. York, charges 106 10 8 

* „ 28, Kighley Church, „ „ 2620 12 9 

Collected nothing. 

• This is written Kinjley in \\>rki. Notei an I Queriei. p. 194. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1805. + Nov. 24, Wobsey (?) Chapel, co. York. 

Collected nothing. Charges 888 14 9 

1806. June 15, Lnddenham Chnrch, co. York. 

Charges 1418 18 

1807. July 19, Thornwaite Chpel. co. York. 

Charges 258 11 5| 

1807. Aug. 9, Folly foot Fire, co. York. „ 806 

1808. July 17, Fewston Church in co. York. 

Charges 719 16 5£ 
Sep. 18, Pudsey Mill Fire co. York. 

Charges 128 14 
From Proceedings of Suffolk Institute of Archaology, VI. p. 
425-9. 1888. F. R. F. 



Weeping Cross. — I am collecting materials for the history of 
the. Weeping Cross (Crux lacrymansj, to illustrate the phrase 
"coming home by Weeping Cross "; and shall be much obliged 
to you if you can contribute any information from unpublished 
sources. W. H. 8., Yaxley, Suffolk. 

Inscriptions on Early English Pottery. — Believing that not 
a few collectors would appreciate a list of the names, initials, 
inscriptions and dates occurring on pieces of English pottery of 
the Mrlier fabriques, I am collecting information with a view to 
publication. I have already notices of such specimens as are 
to be found in the public and larger private collections, but am 
desirous of including as many as may be, of those in private 
hands, and my object in asking you kindly to insert this letter, 
is to encourage possessors to communicate with me. The prin- 
cipal varieties of pottery which I propose to include in my list 
are the following : — Slip Ware, including Toft. Maroud Ware. 
Lambeth, Bristol and Liverpool Delft. Salt Glazed Ware. 
Jackfield. Nottingham. Fulham and Lambeth Stone Ware. 
Porcelain and the later descriptions of pottery such as Leeds 
and Wedgewood are outside the scope of my enquiries. 

Replies, stating size of specimens and giving full particulars 
of the Inscriptions or Dates will be gratefully received by 

Childwall, Bichmond-on-Thames. J. Eliot Hodgkin. 

A Regiment of Yorkshire Militia before 1815. — I should 
be glad if any of your readers could give me information re- 
specting a regiment of Militia which was raised some time 
before the battle of Waterloo, in the neighbourhood of Halifax, 
when there was a scare about an impending French invasion. 
Is there any account of same in any Yorkshire books, giving a 
list of officers, etc. W. A. T. 



t Wibsey. Ibid. 



286 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

[Several sketches, including one in YorksJdre Costumes, have 
appeared respecting the 83rd Regiment, alias Haver-cake Lads. 
Notices of Halifax Volunteer Regiments appeared in the Local 
Portfolio, a series of papers in the Halifax Guardian. A list of 
Officers, &c, will oblige. — Ed.] 



Notes from Silkstone Registers. 
Marriages. 

1655. Nov. 22. John Moksone and Jane Wardsworth. 
1661. Feb. 14. Josias Wardsworth and Elizabeth Harison. 
1668 or 9 qy month 80. Thomas Wordsworth & Anne Burdett. 
1670. Oct. 27. John Wordsworth and Jane Heap. 

1676. May 25. Francis Wodsworth and Mary Smith. 

Nov. 7. Francis Wardsworth and Martha Samson. 
1680. Oct. 7. Francis Wordsworth and Sarah Pollard. 
1702. Dec. 81. William Wadsworth and Mary Roberts, both of 

Hoy lands waine. 
1702. Oct. 12. George Womersley and Mary Wordsworth. 
1710. Apr. 18. Robert Wadsworth and Anne Bramha. 
1718. Oct. 27. Jeremy Kenerley and Martha Wardsworth. 

1714. Aug. 81. Robert Wordsworth and Anne Harper, of ye 

p'ish. of Darfield. 

1715. Apr. 22. Edward Wilkinson, of Peniston, and Sara 

Wadsworth of p'ish of Tankersley. 
The 5th Vol. of Registers containing entries up to 1788 is so 
full of notes of Wordsworths, I had not time to extract them. 
I also observed numerous entries of Wordsworths in the 2nd 
Vol., that is during the period anterior to 1598. There is a 
note in Vol. 8 as follows : — " There is a deficiency in these 
Registers of 55 years, from 1598 to 1658. Note this Vol. com- 
mences with a single Baptism in 1651." 

Baptisms. 

1656. Dec. 21. Robert, s. Adam Wardsworth, of Stainborough. 
7. July 4. Elizabeth, d. Cristopher Wardsworth, of Healey 

in Hoyland. 
1659. Apr. 11. Mary, d. John Wardsworth, of Thurguland. 
1664. Aug. 14. William, s. Adam and Anne Wadsworth. 

5. Mar. 4. Adam, s. Adam and Anne Wadsworth, of Stain- 
brough. 
1669-70. Jan. 8. Amos, s. Thomas and Anne Wordsworth. 
71. Aug. 12. Mary, d. John and Jane Wod worth. 
75. Feb. 6. William, s. John and Jane Wod worth. 

77. July 10. Francis, s. Francis and Sarah Wadsworth. 

78. July 11. Mary, d. Richard Wordsworth. 
71. Jan. 8. Joshuah, s. John Wordsworth. 

Feb. 11. Anne, d. John Wordsworth. 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 23V 

1679. May 15. Sarah, d. Francis Wordsworth. 

Sep. 5. Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Richard Wordsworth. 

80. Jan. 11. Susanna, d. Mr. Richard Wordsworth, of Folth- 

wait. 

81. July 28. John, s. Francis and Sarah Wordsworth, of 

Stainborough. 
168}. Mar. 22. Joseph, s. Johnathan Wordsworth, of Thurgo- 
land. 
88. May 27. William, s. Mr. Richard Wordsworth, of Faw- 
lethwaite. 

84. Oct. 0. Elizabeth, d. Johnathan Wordsworth, of Thurgo- 

land. 
Dec. 26. Joseph, s. Francis Wordsworth, of Thorgoland. 

85. Sep. 8. Hanna, d. Robert Wordsworth, of Thorgeland. 
8i. Jan. 19. Thomas, s. Mr. Richard Wordsworth, of Fawlett 

87. Sep. 20. Jonathan, s. Robert Wordsworth, of Thorgoland 

88. Sep. 18. Johnathan, s. Johnathan Wordsworth, of Thur- 

guland. 
91. May 21. Benjamin, s. „ „ Thorgoland. 

99. July 16. William, baseborn son of Martha Wadsworth, 
of Thurgoland. 
1708. Sep. 28. Adam, 8. William Wadsworth, of Hoylandswaine 

}. Jan. 15. Jonathan, 8. John Wadsworth, „ ,, 
1704. Oct. 8. John, s. Josias Wordsworth (altered from Wails- 
worth), of Thurgoland. 

5. May 8. Martha, d. Matthew Wadsworth, Brettain. 
June 6. Sarah, d. Jo. Wordsworth, Hoylandswaine. 

6. April 29. Jonathan, 8. Wm. Wordsworth, „ 

7. „ 11. John, s. John ,, „ 

June 4. Jane, d. Josias „ of Thurgoland. 

9. Dec. 81. Sarah, d. William Wadsworth, of Hoylandswaine 
10. Apr. 19. Joseph & Benjamin, s. of Robt. & Anne Wods- 
worth, base begotten, of Hoylandswaine. 
171?. Feb. 2. Josias, s. John Wodsworth, of Hoylandswaine. 

BUBIALS. 

1658. Nov. 11. Elizabeth Wardsworth, of Silkston. 
57. May 7. Robert, s. Adam Wardsworth, of Stainborough. 
68. April 16. William Wardsworth, of Wrathhouse, in the 
p'ish of Peniston. 

60. Mar. 25. WUlem, s. Wilem Wardsworth, of Stainbrough* 
Oct. 26. Anne, wife „ ,, „ 

Dec. 8. Richard, s. John Wardsworth, of Thurgoland. 
„ 21. Elizabeth, d. John „ „ 

61. July 17. Christopher Wardsworth, of Hoylandswaine. 

65. Apr. 4. Richard, s. Mr. Willm Wadsworth, of Fawfet. 

66. Oct. 8. Christopher, s. Jane Wadsworth, of Hoola. 
11. Jane, d. 



Dec. 28. William, s. 



288 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

166?. Mar. 5. William Wordsworth, of Falthwaite. 

79. Aug. 29. Ann Wordsworth. 
Sep. 1. John ,, 
Oct. 10. Mary „ 

80. Aug. 11. Mary ,, of Thurgoland. 

81. June 7. Adam „ of Stainborough. 

82. Feb. 18. Sarah Wordsworth, of Thurgoland. 

82. Nov. 7. Sarah, d. John Wordsworth, of Thurgoland. 
88. Oct. 1. Sarah, d. Francis Wordsworth. 

84. Apr. 10. John Wordsworth, of Thurgoland. 

85. July 6. William Wordsworth, of Stainborough. 

87. Aug. 7. Mary, wife of Francis Wordsworth, of Thurgoland 
98. Dec. 11. Mary, d. Bobert Wordsworth, of Thurgoland. 
1707. Nov. 25. Jane, d. Josias Wordsworth, of Thurgoland. 

10. Ap. 29. Joseph and Benjamin, ss. of Bobert and Anne 

Wadsworth. 

11. July 18. Joshua, s. Bobert Wodsworth, of Thurgoland. 
4i. Jan. 28. Bobert Wodsworth, of Thurgoland. 

if. Feb. 14. A still born child of John Wadsworth's of Hoy- 

landswaine. 
London. J. T. Squibe. 



Ancient Sessions Notes Extracted fkom the Originals. 

Alehouse. — Upon a good certificate now prsentd. at Corte 
vnder the hands of Sir George Cook Barrt. John Mawhood 
Clerk Vickar of Arksey and eighteen more substantyall Inhi- 
tants there, as alsoe by the oath of two witnesses now sworne 
in corte it is made appeare That Bobte Carver and Anne his 
wife of Stockbridge within the pish, of Arksey aforesaid who 
kepes a comon Alehouse or Tipleing house are psons much 
debauched in their lives amongst their neighbors for cheateing 
and deceiving all whom they converse with, haveing heretofore 
suffered for Thefte and doe uniustly sue, vex and trouble many 
psons at Law without any iust cawse and sevall other misde- 
meanors all wch the Corte now takeing into seryous considera- 
cion doe think fitt and accordingly order That the said Bobte 
Carver for the reasons above said be for future supprest for 
keeping any Alehouse or tipling house any longer, and if hee 
continue to doe," &c. then to be sent to York Castle. Don- 
caster, 1677. 

A Leeds Wedding. — The Information of Jane Streaker taken 
before Thomas Fairfax, Esq., March 8, 1685, Who saith, That 
she did goe to Leeds old Church to be marryed about ffoure 
yeares agoe with one John Streaker and they did both then say 
part of the words required by the Church of England in Matri- 
mony but did not say all that should compleat their marryage. 
After living sometime with her husband she ran away to 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 289 

London, returning to Yorkshire to know if her husband was 
dead so that she could marry Mathew Holdsworth, servant to 
a stapler in Sotherick (Southwark) att the signe of the plume 
of ffeathers." Pontefract, April 1686. 

Scene in Bradford Church. — Sarah Hurd on Sunday, 7th 
March 1674 (O.8.), in a very disorderly and seditious manner 
com'd into the Church of Bradford in time of divine service, 
and did then and there by some indecent and clamorous 
speeches disturb the minister in his prayer and the whole con- 
gregation in their devotion. She was a qnakeress. 

Witchcraft. — The Information of Laurence Slater of Idel, 
W. R. Yorks, Salter, taken upon oath the 27th August, 1690, 
That he was by and prsent with James Booth, Martha Thorn- 
ton Junr., and John Thornton of Idel his neighbours about a 
fortnight since in the dwellinghouse of Anthony Baistricke of 
Idel aforesaid in the parlour there (drinking ale) when the 
aforesaid Martha Thornton and James Booth began to differ in 
words in his hearing, and James Booth said to Martha Thorn- 
ton What do my children call thee, and she answered They call 
me Witch. And he said What art thou but a Witch. She 
answered Ye have not such a one to set by me. And he said 
again, I had a daughter but thou hast destroyed her by Witch- 
craft. Vpon wch the said Martha Thornton did catch the said 
Jamefl Booth by the hair of the head and dasht his head against 
a cupboard but afterwards they were quieted. Before Walter 
Calverley, Esq., J.P., Esholt. Wakefield, Oct. 1690. 

Hearth Tax. — "John Simpson, of IdeD, yeoman, Constable, 
gave information Oct. 18th, 1686, before Walter Calverley Esq., 
J.P., that Anthony Sclater, of Idell, yeoman, in February last 
did assault him when assisting Mr. Joseph Holden to collect 
the hearth money there; and set his mastine dogg upon them." 
Settlements. — The Churchwardens, Overseers and Inhabi- 
tants of Idell, 1686, petition the magistrates, reciting that Luke 
Sutcliffe, in order to gain a settlement had pretended to take a 
farm of William Hillhouse of £10 rent per annum, assisted by 
James Hobson, of Eccleshill, they pray for his removal to his 
own town, Laurence Bucke, of Idel, churchwarden, Jas. Booth, 
Thomas Slater, Joseph Vicars. 

There was some disturbance about the settlement of Jeremy 
Ffield at Idel in 1699, but the previous order giving him a set- 
tlement, was confirmed. [I have traced the Fields from 1280, 
when they were owners of land at Fieldhouse, in Sowerby, a 
branch settling at Hipperholme about 1580. This Jeremy was 
of the Hipperholme family, and progenitor of the Fields, Lords 
of the manor of Shipley, now represented by Lady Kosse.] 

Roads. — At Pontefract Sessions, 1695, two magistrates certi- 
fied that Wrose Bank bad been placed in good repair. 



240 YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

In 1699 the inhabitants of Idel petition to be freed from an 
expensive service laid upon them, by the main road passing 
over a narrow strip of the township at Apperley Bridge. 

To the Bight Worppfull His matyes Justices of the Peace at 
Wakefield Sessions in January 1699. 

The Humble Petioon of the Con[sta]ble & other Inhitants of 
Idel Sheweth 

That the High Boad leading from Bewick vpon Tweed, New- 
castle vpon Tyne and seu'all other places in the north to Hallifax 
Manchester Leverpool Chester Wales and other places adjacent 
lyeth from Otley to Carleton and from thence to Yeadon and so 
down a long lane called Apperley Lane in the Constablerys of 
Yeadon and Bawdon to Apperly Bridge and thence in a little 
track or neck of land by the Biver Ayre not above one hundred 
yards in length within the Gontblery of Idel aforesaid and no 
further within that Contblery but then up a Long Lane called 
Eccleshill Banke to Eccleshill Town and so through Gontblery 
of Eccleshill to Bradford And though the town of Idel lyeth a 
mile backwards from the said Bridge out of the Boad, yet by 
reason of the said little neck of Land in their Gonblery through 
wch the Boad passeth, the Gonbles of Yeadon Bawdon and Ec- 
cleshill aforesaid do daily bring passengers to the Conble of Idel 
aforesaid to be passed to or fro (as occasion) on the said Boad 
to the manifest grievance of yor Peticoners and the great hin- 
drance of such passengers on their Boad, for by that means 
they are put a long mile and a half at least out of theire way 
besides the badness and inconveniency of the Byroad. And 
though the Gonbles of Yeadon Bawdon and Eccleshill doe know 
and have been often informed that they might more convenient- 
ly and for quicker conveying of the said passengers bring them 
from one to another without going out of the said way to Idel 
yet they p'tend they cannot do it by reason of the said little 
neck of land lying in Idel without an order of these sessions 
for it. 

Yor Peticoners therefore humbly pray that yor Wor'pps 
would be pleased to grant them an Order that the said Conbles 
of Yeadon Bawdon and Eccleshill may convey passengers from 
one to another on the said Boad without going out of the way 
to yor peticoners And that upon notice of the said Order they 
yield Obedience therevnto. 

And yor Peticoners shall ever pray, &c. 
[An Order to be pursuant to this Petition. Becite the whole 

matter.] 

Tobacco. — Order requiring the law suppressing the planting 
of tobacco in England to be more rigidly enforced. 1675. 
J. H. T. 

T. HARRISON, M INTRA. ROCKRINDRR. AC, RtNttkRY. 



$n&*£ jSominum- 

(Yorkshire Notes d- Queries.) 

[Compiled by Mr. G. F. Tudor Shebwood, 88 Museum Street, 
Oxford Street, W.] 



Abbott, 112. 
Adam, 109, 111. 
Adamson, 167, 168, 170 

Mb. 
Aethelraed, 227. 
Aethelatan, 227. 
Aislabie, 6, 212, 210. 
Akroyd, 12, 16, 17 p., 

18 bis., 54. 
Albermarle, 48. 
Alderburae, 63. 
Alderalaye, 114, 171 bis. 
Aldenon, 162. 
Algetor, 161, 162, 164 p. 
AUenson, 204. 

Alline, 109. 

AUotson, 228, 229. 

Axnandus, 87. 

Ames, 53. 

Amyas, 90 bis. 

Aneram, 5. 

Anderson, 26 bis. 

Andrews, Andros, And- 
roys, 97, 98 p. 

Annesley, 213. 

Aqmtaine, 90. 

Archer, 109. 

Arderne, 90. 

Argyll, 181. 

Armitage, Axmytage, 20 
p., 27, 49, 76, 101 p., 
105, 138, 152, 187, 
189, 190, 198, 204 p., 
206,225. 

Armstrong, 178, 179. 

Arnold, 39 

Arundel, 5, 109. 

Ashe, 166, 167 bis., 168. 

Ashley, 28. 

Ashton, 115. 

Ashworth, 125. 

Askew, 136. 

Aspiner, 117, 118, 167, 
169, 170, 172. 

Atberskme. 68. 

Atkins, 48 bis. 

Atkinson, 82 p., 48,217. 

Aodland, 31. 

Aorelianus, 160. 
T.H.Q. 



Austwicke, 108, 109 bis., 
Ill, 112, 113, 115 p., 

116, 117, 118, 166, 
167 bis., 168 bis., 169, 
170, 171 p. 172, p. 

A'Wood, 7. 
Azacher (?), 166. 

Bacon, 218 p. 

Baildon, 64. 

Bailey, 96, 41, 50, 176, 

177, 184 bis. 
Baines, 32 p. 
Balamany, 183. 
Baldwin, 218. 
Ball, 162. 
Bamforth, 220 p. 
Banks, 79. 
Barber, 37, 141. 
Barghe, 113. 
Barker, 110 bis., 167, 

175, 192. 
Barkeston, 87. 
Barnebnrgh, 89. 
Barnebnrn, 87. 
Barnes, 15. 
Barras, 52. 
Barrowby, 217. 
Barton, 27. 
Barwic, 54. 
Bate, 75 bis. 
Batley, 190. 
Batt, 12, 13. 
Batty, 25, 79 bis., 81 bis., 

82, 161. 
Baynes, 74, 163. 
Bayntnn, 22 bis., 23. 
Baytman, 171 
Beaumont, Bemond, 88, 

94, 187, 188, 190, 206, 

208.' 
Beckit, 44, 109, 110, 

111 bis., 113, 114 bis., 

117, 167, 168, 172. 
Beckwith, 97, 212 bis., 

217,218,220,221,228. 
Bedforthe, 172. 
Beet, 115. 
Beilly, 47. 



Bell, 111 p , 112, 114, 

115 bis., 118, 170. 
Benson. 30. 
Bent, 96. 
Bentley. Bentlaye. 27, 

170, 171 bis., 172. 
Benton, 162. 
Benyon, 125. 
Berry, 29, 39, 42, 175, 

176, 180. 
Bertram, 218. 
Beverlaye, 109, 111, 112, 

116, 117. 
Bewlay, 110. 
Bigleskirke, 108, 116, 

167, 168, 169 p., 170 

p., 172. 
Bigmore, 42. 
Bileliffe, 216. 
Billington, 39. 
Binglaye, 168. 
BinnB, 96. 

Birtwhistle, 150, 160. 
Besett. Bissett, 215. 
Blackburn, 40, 41, 92, 

96, 170bis., 171. 
Blacketer, 41. 
Blackett, 1, 4. 
Blaize, 42. 
Blakeley, 38. 
Blakeling, 31 bis., 32 p. 
Bland, 27, 47. 
Blunt, 216. 
Blythman, 48. 
Bcehler, 66, 67 bis. 
Bolderstone, 209. 
Boiling, 94. 
Bollon, 51. 
Boniface Pope, 91 
Booth, 239 p. 
Borlase, 142. 
Bosril, 214 p., 216 p., 

219 bis., 221 bis. 
Boswell, 120. 
Bourne, 163. 
Bousfield, 80. 
Bower, 168. 
Bowling, 40. 
Bowser, 73. 



242 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Boyes, 138. 
Boynton, 28. 
Bradley, 24. 
Bramha, 236. 
Bramhall, 76 big. 
Bramham, 167 bis., 168. 
Brand, 89 bis., 188. 
Brandon, 183. 
Branthwaite, 32. 
Brathwaito, 110, 116,169. 
Braddell, 11. 
Brayshaw, 28. 
Brears, Bryers, 169, 170 

bis. 
Breman, 167. 
Brigge, Briggs, 11, 37. 

109, 110, 111 bis., 113 

bis., 117., 167, 168, 

170 bis., 171. 
Bright. 42. 
Bristoe, 177. 
Britton, 55 p. 
Broadbent, 162. 
Broadlaye, 110, 111 p., 

116 p., 117 bis., 118, 

171, 173. 
Broadrick, 162 bis. 
Broadhead, 168. 
Brooke, Brook, Brooke, 

28, 39, 51 bis., 87, 96 

p., 98, 99, 113, 115, 

116,117,141,169,171. 
Brooks, 94. 
Brooksbank, 29. 
Brownbrigg, 108, 109. 
Brace, 61, 228, 229. 
Bras, 218. 

Book, 26, 48, 118. 289. 
Burd, 27. 
Bnrdett, 236. 
Burgh, 90, 203. 
Burnett, 114, 115. 
Burnleye, 115. 
Burnouf , 59 bis. 
Bnrrell, 40. 
Barrow, 52. 
Barrows, 75. 
Barton, 78, 169 bis. 
Bushel, 116, 117 bis., 

168, 169, 170 bis., 171 

bis., 172. 
Butler, 94 p., 96 p. 
Byng, 199. 

Calamy, 124. 
Calcraft, 165. 
Calthom, 89. 
Calverley, 60, 78 p., 239 
bis. 



Cam, 31. 
Caney, 73. 

Canterbury Aby., 230. 
Carnifex, 221. 
Carr, 42, 184. 
Carter, 5, 43. 
Carver, 238 bis. 
Casson. 72 p., 81. 
Cavendish, 20, 21 p. 
Cawbord, 49. 
Cawood,168.169,170p., 

171 p., 172. 
Cawthron, 163. 
Chadwiok, 116, 187. 
Chaloner, 22 bis. 
Chamber, 93, 98. 
Chappell, 65 bis., 56. 
Chatburne, 109 p., 110, 

111 bis., 112, 113, 114. 

117. 
Chauncy. 161, 162. 
Chauntrve, 109, 171 bis. 
Child, 116. 
Childers, 165 bis. 
Chippendale, 26. 
Chorlton, 125 p. 
Chrissmor, 204. 
Clapham, 110 bis , 111, 

113, 117. 
Clarell, 212. 
Clarence, 214. 
Claridge, 16. 
Clarke, 162, 199. 
Clarkson, 96, 192. 
Clay, 49. 
Clayton, 10 bis., 11 p., 

12 p.. 13 p., 14 p., 15 

p., 98, 99, 171. 
Clayworth, 85. 
Clif, Clyfe, 88, 109 bis., 

169, 171 bis., 172 bis. 
Clifford, 29, 48. 
Clifton, 88. 
Cioughe, 110 bis. 
Cnut, 227 p. 
Coates, Coyts, 113, 138 

bis.. 176. 
Cockin, 74, 125, 127, 128. 
Cookshott, 94, 96. 
Cordington, 6. 
Collres, 117. 
Coldwell, 42. 
Colevyle, 215. 
Collins, 138. 
Collyer, 96 bis., 184. 
Coltass, 96. 
Comber, 53. 
Conder, 51. 
Constantino, 48. 



Cooke, 22 p., 44, 73, 

165, 182, 238. 
Cope, 42. 
Copeland, 30. 
Copley, 12, 13, 28, 48, 

79 p. 
Coppindale, 81. 
Corlrige, 108, 109, 111, 

16ft 
Corker, 113, 114 p.. 115 

bis., 116 p., 117 p., 

118, 167, 168, 169. 
Cornewell, 75. 
Corney, 32. 
Cornish, 182 bis. 
Costable. 111. 
Cotton, 124, 160. 
Coward, 125. 
Cowell, 50, 51. 
Cownall. 213. 
Cowper, 99 bis., 100. 
Cowpland, 47. 
Crabtree, 10 p., 14 bis., 

75. 
Crawshaye, 167. 
Cropping, 212. 
Cresey, 213. 
Cressacre, 203. 
Crew, 53. 
Cric, 122. 
Crigan, 18. 
Croft, 17, 82, 47, 138. 
Crofts, 17. 
Crosley, 18 bis. 
Cromwell, 140. 
Crowther, 204. 
Cumberland, 197. 
Cumming, 56. 
Cunningham, 125. 
Carson, 212. 

D'Abernoun, 63. 
D'Arcy, 5 bis. 
Dalkeith, 5. 
Dalton, 88. 
Darby, 201. 
Darwin, 139. 
Davenport, 122. 
Davidson, 108. 
Davies, 43, 232. 
Davis, 133. 
Davison, 110. 
Dawney, 5. 

Dawson, 29, 89, 177, 190. 
Dealtry, 79. 82. 
Dean, 175 bis. 
Deane, 27. 
Deighton, 81. 
De Lacy, 214. 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



248 



Delamere, 183 bis. 
Dent, 32. 
Denton, 46, 47. 
Derby, 71 bis., 73 bis., 

78. 
Detley, 220. 
Dewsberry, 120. 
Dickinson, Dickinson, 

19, 29, 32. 
Dickson, 125. 
Digby, 89. 
Dobeon, 117, 118, 167, 

170. 
Doddridge, 125, 177, 186. 
Dodgson, 110, 111 bis., 

117, 167, 168 p., 169 

bis., 170, 171 bis., 172. 
Dodson, 51, 113, 114. 
Dodsworth, 28, 49, 74 

bis, 83. 
Donlrin, 115, 116. 
Dorker, 113, 115. 
Downe, 5, 25. 
Dowoit, 120. 
Draper, 17 bis., 
Drurye, 170, 171. 
Dugdale, 80. 
Duncombe, 6, 21 bis., 

138 bis. 
Dnndas, 21 bis., 22 p., 

23. 
Dunnill, 44. 
Dvight, 119 bis., 120. 
Dyghton, 100. 
Dyson, 43. 

Eidgar, 227. 

Eadmund, 227. 

Eadyig, 227. 

Eanbald, 227. 

Ecgfrith, 227. 

Edmunds, 73. 

Edward Confessor, 227. 

Elgood\37. 

Eliot, 168. 

Ellis, 27, 115, 169. 

Elmsall, 81. 

Eltoff, 199, 

Empson, 28, 167. 

England, 68 p. 

Eoferwic, 227. 

Ergnm, 89. 

Erwin, 74 bis. 

Esh, 112, 116, 117 bis., 

118, 167, 168 bis., 170 

P., 171. 
Essex, 179. 
Encker, 165. 
Everingbam, 43, 111. 



Eyre, 45. 
Eylmyn, 213. 

Fairfax, 20 bis., 45, 48, 

222 p., 238. 
Farrand, 13, 115, 116 

Mb., 117, 167. 
Farrer, 12, 13, 51, 138. 
Fawcett, 32. 
Fawconer, 111, 112. 
Fawkes, 41. 
Fayle, 52. 

Fearnlaye, 169 bis , 171. 
Fenton, 40. 
Field, 79, 81, 239. 
Fieldhouse, 96. 
Finch, 5. 
Firth, 176 p., 177 bis., 

184 p., 185, 186. 
Fitz-Bardolph, 174. 
Fitz-Daniel, 221. 
Flamevill, 87. 
Flandrensis, 88. 
Fleming, 83, 87, 88 p., 

105. 
Fletcher, 86. 
Foljomb, 212 bis. 
Foolde, Foulds, Folds, 

108, 110, 116, 117, 

166, 167 p., 168, 169 

bis., 170 p., 171 bis. 
Foores, 117, 168. 
Forno, 230. 
Forster, 163, 166. 
Fox, 5, 20, 30 bis., 31 p. 
Frances, 116. 
Franke, 118, 208. 
FrankJand, 6 bis., 124 p. 
Fricklaye, 108, 110 bis., 

113, 117 bis., 169 bis., 

170. 
Frilend, 63. 
Fuller, 93, 98. 
Fnrnival, 72 bis., 220 p. 
Fyshe, 114. 

Galway, 6 p., 21 bis. 
Gargrave, 100. 
Garner, 172. 
Gaunt, 213. 
Gaythorne, 74. 
Gee, 110, bis. 
Geffirason, 112. 
Gennings, 96. 
Gerard, 183 p. 
Geryas, 25 p. 
Gibson, 27, 49, 73, 204 

bis. 
Gilbert, 87. 



Gill, 26, 42. 
Gledhill, 29, 204. 
Glover, 166. 
Godartins, 53. 
Golding, 32. 
Goldsbrough, 96. 
Goodrich, 199. 
Gosling. 162. 
Gott, 172. 
Gough, 105, 118. 
Gourd, 39. 
Graham, 39. 
Graunt, 81. 
Gray, 32, 179, 183. 
Greaves, 41. 

Green, 20 bis., 61, 54, 56, 
111 bis., 112 bis., 114, 

115, 116, 117, 118, 
123, 167 bis., 169. 

Greens, 54 bis., 55, 56. 
Greenwood, 32, 38, 49, 

81, 86, 110 bis., Ill 

bis., 187. 
Gregg, 73. 
Gregory, 44. 
Grenfield, 113, 115 p., 

116, 118 p., 166, 168, 
169, 170, 172. 

Grenegate, 88. 
Grey, 183. 
Greystock, 230. 
Griffith, 162. 
Grosvenor, 72 p. 
Gutch, 104. 
Guthred, 227. 
Gyles, 53. 

H., 62. 

Habergham, 74. 

Hague, 47 bis. 

Haigh, 190. 

Hailes, 75. 

Hailstone, 123. 

Hainsworth, 55 bis. 

Hakebourne, 63. 

Halilaye, Helilaye, 118, 
167, 168 bis. 

Hall, 37 bis., 108, 110 
bis., Ill bis., 112, 113 
p., 115, 116, 117, 138, 
167 bis., 175 bis., 176 
p., 17* bis., 185, 190. 

HaUey, 124 bis. 

Halliday, 40, 46, 47 bis. 

Hambden, 183. 

Hammond, 161, 162 bis. 

Hancock, 46. 

Handasyd, 5. 

Hanson, 160, 175. 



244 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Hardacres, 47. 
Hardcastle, 175. 
Harde, 167. 
Hardy, 204. 
Harewood, 226. 
Hargraves, 43. 
Harold, 227 bis. 
Harper, 40, 236. 
Harris, 165. 
Harrison, 32, 76, 118, 

236. 
Hartley, 24, 54 p., 55, 

56, 67, 123, 189, 199. 
Hartyndon, 108. 
Hasse, 66 bis., 68. 
Hattersley, 43. 
Hauptman, 67. 
Haveweldun, 88. 
Hawke, 21 p. 
Hawkswortb, 94, 116, 

117 bis., 118, 167, 169, 

170, 171 bis. 
Hazlitt, 212, 216. 
Heald, 38, 39, 40. 
Heap. 236. 
Heard, 239. 
Hearne, 151. 
Heatb, 81. 
Heather, 170. 
HeatoD, 10 bis., 114 bis., 

115 bis., 116, 118, 167 

bis., 168 bis., 169 bis., 

203, 206 bis. 
Heddersley, 203. 
Hemingway, 27. 
Heptinstall, 108, 112. 
Hepworth, 41, 113, 116, 

188, 192 bis. 
Herbert, 230. 
Herring, 197. 
Hewett, 47. 
Hewley, 129. 
Herwood, 46 p., 81, 124, 

175, 177 bis., 180, 184. 
Hickman, 124 p. 
Hicks, 85. 
Hill, 6, 85, 125. 
Hillhoupe, 239. 
Hinchliffe. 45, 109 bis., 

114, 116, 117 p. 
Hirst, 27, 113, 188, 189, 

190, 195, 19fr, 207. 
Hitchin, 125. 
Hobkirk, 105. 
Hobson, 170, 289. 
Hodgson, 32, 40, 51, 70, 

81. 114, 115 bis., 116 p. 
Holderness, 75, 161. 
Holdon, 94bie,96p,239. 



Holdroyd, 28. 

Holdsworth, 191, 196, 
239. 

Hollinworthe, 111. 

Holloway, 77. 

Holme, 32. 

Holmes, 29, 66, 96, 163. 

Holroyd, 226. 

Holt, 190. 

Hood, 82, 103, 105, 206. 

Hop, 63. 

Hopkins, 161. 

Hopkinson, 108, 109, 
110 p., Ill bis. 

Hopton, 87, 191 p., 203 
bis., 206 bis. 

Hopwood 72 bis. 

Hornby, 71 bis. 

Horncastle, 113, 114 p., 
115, 116, 118, 167, 168 
bis., 169. 

Horner, 109 bis., Ill bis., 
118, 114, 169. 

Horsfall, 29, 204. 

Horsley, 160. 

Horton, 26, 70 p , 71 p., 
72 p., 73 p., 74. 

Hotham, 130. 

Houghton, 45, 54, 119 p. 

Howard, 165, 181, 183. 

Howden, 22 bis. 

Howet, Hawet, J 09 bis., 
110 p., Ill bis., 112 
bis., 113, 114 bis., 115 
bis., 116,117, 118 bis., 
166, 167 p., 168, 169 
p., 171 bis., 172 bis. 

Howgill, 31, bis. 

Howson, 223, 

Hudson, 94 p., 96. 

Hugh, 171, 172. 

Hulme, 177, 186. 

Humble, 54. 

Hunlaf, 227. 

Hunt, 41, 214. 

Hunter, 51, 81, 105 bis., 
124 bis. 

Hnntingden, 110, 112 
biB , 113, 114, 115 p., 
HObis., 117 bis., 167 
169, 171 bis., 173 bis. 

Huntington, 118. 

Hurst, 190. 

Hurstwood, 121. 

Hutchinson, 109, 111. 

Huthwaite, 177. 

Hutton, 47 bis. 

Hyrst, 192. 

Hyrd,29. 



Ibbotson, 20. 
Illingworth, 28. 
Ingham, 66 bis., 101, 

190 bis. 
Ingram, 6 bis., 74. 
Irwin, 6. 

Ismay, 84, 85 bis.,86, 204. 
Isat, 168. 
Izat, 115, 116 bis., 117 

bis., 171, 172. 

Jackson, 49, 110 bis., 
Ill, 112 p., 113 p., 
114 bis., 115, 117, 133, 
166, 168, 169, 171 bis. 

Jagger, 50, 51. 

Jarcks, 168. 

Jecorngill, 13. 

Jefferey, 180, 182. 

Jefferson, 112, 139 bis., 
141. 

Jenkins, 20 bis. 

Jenkinson, 115 bis, 116 
bis., 117 bis., 170. 

Jennings, 29, 177. 

Jessop, 11. 

Jewit, 120, 122. 

Jollic, 124 bis., 177. 

Jolliff, 20, 166 bis. 

John, 87. 

Johnson, 120 bis., 135, 
168, 169. 

Jowett, 49. 

Eaye, 20 p., 26, 27, 43, 

48 bis., 76, 117, 171, 

172, 189, 190. 
Kean, 41, 77. 
Keen, 198. 
Keith, 138. 
Kemp, 41. 
Kendall, 40. 
Kenerley, 236. 
Kent, 43, 161, 162 bis., 

163, 164, 165 p., 214. 
Kenyon, 75. 
Kepast, Kepax, Keps, 86, 

87. 
Kerfoot, 73 bis. 
Kerr, 5. 
Kershaw, 76. 
Kighley, 99, 181 bis. 
Kirkby, 78, 125 p. 
King, 183. 
Kitson, 29. 

Lake, 168. 

Lambe, 112, 167, 170, 
171, 172. 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



245 



Lambert, 50, 161, 174. 

Lancaster, 27. 

Lane. 20 p., 21. 

Langdale, 47, 68 bis., 70. 

Langton, 32 big. 

Langwith, 96. 

Larthner, 231, 232. 

La9celle3, 5 bis., 6 bis. 

Latham, 125. 

La Trobe, 65, 67, 68. 

Law, 28. 

Lawson, 52. 

Lawton, 80. 

Ledgard, 187 bis., 188 

p., 190 bis. 
Lee. 39, 52, 93, 108, 172, 

187. 
Lees, 133. 
Legh,73bis., 74. 
Lepton. 88. 
Le Strange, 183. 
Lethall, 118. 
Letteron, 111 bis., 112 

bis., 113 bis., 114. 
Lettewelle, 217. 
Lewis, 80. 
Lillington, 163. 
Linfield, 111. 
Linnecar, 39. 
Lister, 6, 19 p., 29, 160, 

175 bis., 176, 177, 178, 

179, 184 p., 185 p., 

186 p. 
Litchford, 165 bis. 
Lbyd, 71 p., 73 p., 75. 
Lobley, 94. 
Lockley 96. 
London, 221. 
Long, 96. 
Longley, 51. 
Longstaff, 174. 
Lorraine, 43. 
Lothian, 5. 
Louther, 12. 
Lorain, 218. 
Lowther, 23, 43, 74. 
Ludlow, 166 p. 
Lund, 26 bis. 
Lyard, 167. 
Ljwegge 89 P- 

Macan,177. 
MariU, 41 bis. 
Makin, 109. 
Malhaos, 24. 
MalhoTors, 232. 
Mtlhom, 89 bis. 
MaUerye, 167, 168, 169 
bis. 



Mallinson, 169. 
Malore, 219. 
Manners, 5. 
Manser, 169. 
Marchlund, 116. 
Margerison, 192 p., 204. 
Margison, 109 bis. 
Marriott, 72 bis. 
Marryatt, 123. 
Marsden, 176, 177 bis., 

184. 
Marshall, 81. 
Martin, 106. 
Maser, 169. 
Mason, 32, 117, 162, 163, 

168 bis., 169. 
Matthews, 41. 
Maude, 40, 41, 96 bis,, 

106. 
Mauley, 118, 212. 
Mawhood, 238. 
Mawson, 109. 
Maxfield, 182. 
Maylins, 75. 
Medhurst, 39. 
Medope, 109, 115 116 

bis., 117 bis., 118. 
MenyU, 230. 
Mercer, 221. 
Meteyard, 122. 
Metham, 89, 219. 
Mexbro', 138 p. 
Miall, 47, 124 bis. 
Micklethwaite, 103, 190. 
Midleton, 168, 169, 170. 
Milner. 20 p., 21 p., 22 

p., 29, 51, 75, 112, 163. 
Milnerson, 111, 113, 114. 
Milnes, 21 p. 
Mirfield, 89 p., 90, 203. 
Modestus, 159. 
Moidre, 112. 
Moisier, 18, 53. 
Moksone, 236. 
Molt, 24. 
Monkhouse, 40. 
Monkton, 6 Mr., 47. 
Monmouth, 179, 181 bis., 

182. 
Monson, 5. 
Montgomery, 68. 
More, 100, 171. 
Morley, 76, 112, 169. 
Morris, 38, 227. 
Morritts, 48. 
Moseley, 72. 
Mostyn, 5, 6, 72 p. 
Mounger, 88. 
Mounteney, 90 bis. 



Mowbray, 215. 
Moxon, 51. 
Muletorp, 219. 
Muller, 59. 
Munket, 168. 
Murray, 5, 53. 
Musgrave, 138. 

Naylor, 37 bis., 79. 

Neai, 122, 177. 

Nelson, 82, 111, 113, 
114, 169, 171. 

Ness, 176, 177, 184. 

Nettleton, 81 bis. 

Neuell, 12, 13. 

Nevill, 74, 76, 206. 

Nevin, 187. 

Newall, 110. 

Newby, 94, 96. 

Newmarch, 213. 

Newnham, 6. 

Newton, 161. 

Nichols, 41, 44. 

Nightingale, 127. 

Noble, 124, 169, 177, 184. 

Norfolk, 221, 

Norris, 190. 

Northrop, 213, p. 

Norton, 109 p., 110 bis., 
Ill p., 112, 113 p., 
114, 115, 116, 117 p., 
168, 169, 170 p., 171, 
172 p., 173. 

Nowell, 11. 

Nussey, 38. 

Nut, 172. 

Oastler, 68. 
Ockershausen, 67. 
O'Conner, 43. 
Oddie, 28, 41. 
Oglethorp, 81. 
OUerton, 23, 24. 
Orde, 138. 
Osbert, 218. 
Owen, 125. 
Owens, 162. 
Oxley, 190. 

Padget, 110, 111, 112, 
113, 114, 117 bis., 118, 
168 bis., 169, 170. 

Palin, 19. 

Palmes, 74. 

Pape, 26. 

Park, 114, 117, 171, 174, 

Parker, 11, 27, 50, 169, 
170. 

Parkinson, 118, 172, 



246 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Parrott, 82. 
Parsons, 54, 79. 
Paslaye, 117, 118, 168, 

172 bis. 
Payler, 73. 
Pearson, 11, 29 bis., 108, 

111,112,113,116,117. 
Pease, 75. 
Peirse, 6. 
Peoples.Peobles, Peebles, 

188 
Peel, 112 bis., 113, 116, 

117, 168. 
Pelham, 6. 
Pemberton, 13. 
Pennock, 230. 
Percy, 218, 228, 229. 
Perke, 172. 
Perkins, 162. 
Perrot, 17. 

Peter, 87, 118. 

Petre, 22 bis. 

Philips, 197. 

Philipson, 75. 

Pickering, 81, 109 bis., 
110, 111, 112 bis., 113, 
114, 115, 116, 117, 

118, 167, 168 bis. 
Pighels, 10, 11 bis., 14 p. 
Pilkington, 6, 49, 97 bis., 

228. 
Pincerna, 215. 
Pitt, Pitts, 6, 44. 
Place, 52, 53 p., 54 p., 

119 p., 121. 
Planohe, 120. 
Plantagnett, 81. 
Pollard, 28, 236. 
Popplewell, 99. 
Popelay, 89. 
Portington, 74. 
Poulson, 230. 
Powell, 74. 
Preston, 119, 122. 
Price, 177. 
Prickett, 163. 
Priestley, 71 bis., 72 bis., 

98, 125. 
Priestman, 96. 
Prince, 116, 117, 167, 

168, 170, 172 bis. 
Proctor, 114. 
Pyke, 171. 
Pyman, 114. 

Qnincy, 175. 
Qninciano, 174. 

Raistracke, 239. 



Ramsden, 6, 42, 48, 49, 

97 p., 98, 100 p., 114. 
Ranolde, Renold, 116, 

118, 168 p., 169 bis., 

170. 
Rather, 42. 
Raven, 166. 
Bawling, 118 bis., 167. 
Rawson, 72 bis., 108, 

115 p., 116 p.. 117, 

118 bis., 166, 168, 171. 
Ray, 81. 
Reame, 111. 
Redman, 109, 111, 113, 

114 bis., 115, 116, 168, 

170. 
Reresby, 73. 
Reyner, Rayner, Rainer, 

26 bis., 27, 29, 47 bis. 
Rhodes, 26, 187 p. 
Rich, 45, 46 p. 
Richardson, 28, 37, 38 

bis., 81, 124, 138. 
Ridgnal, 118. 
Ridiall, 118, 167 bis., 

168 bis., 169, 170 bis. 
Rikysbere, 93. 
Ripon Bp., 96. 
Rish worth, 43, 44 bis., 

166. 
Ritson, 104. 
Roades, 113. 
Robart, 14 Mb. 
Roberts, 39 bis., 81, 109, 

110,113,114 bis, 115 

p., 116, 117, 169, 236. 
Robertson, 177. 
Robinson, 5, 17, 20 p., 

30,31, 32, 41, 112 bis., 

113 bis., 115, 161 bis., 

163 p., 164, 168 bis. 
Robson, 40, 138 Mb. 
Rockingham, 21. 
Rodwell, 108, 110, 111. 
Roeley, 88. 
Roger, 109, 110, 111 p., 

115. 
Rogers, 39. 
Rokeby, 28. 
Roods, 169. 
Rooks, 180, 181 bis. 
Rooks, 87. 
Root, 176 bis. 
Roper, 173, 212. 
Rose, 39. 
Rotherham, 125. 
Royes, Royds, 112, 113, 

171. 
Rumsey, 183 bis. 



Rushworth, 213. 

Raskin, 1. 

Russell, 179 p., 180, 182. 

Rastbie, 109. 

Rutland, 5, 

Ryan, 40. 

Ryche, 93. 

Rycroft, 46 Ms. 

Ryther, 177, 184. 

St. Asaph, Bp., 199. 
St. George, 80. 
8t. John, of Beverley, 7. 
Salt, 96, 224 p., 226 p. 
Saltershall, 87. 
Saltonstall, 68 p. 
Samson, 236. 
Sandall, 29, 90 bis. 
Sanderson, 45, 173. 
Sandford, 200. 
Sandson, 168. 
Saunder, 168. 
Savile, 5, 48, 76, 79, 97 

p., 100, 160, 190, 202, 

203, 206, 219 Ms. 
Scatcherd, 38, 79 p. 
Scales, 125. 
Schliemann, 59. 
Scholaye, 109, 110 bis.. 

Ill p., 114 bis., 115, 

116, 117 bis., 167, 168, 

170 bis. 
Scholayn, 167. 
Scholefteld, 39. 
Scorer, 172. 
Scott, 44, 125 p., 126 

Ms., 127 p., 129, 215. 
Screvyn, 85. 
Scroope, Scrope, 91, 212. 
Scruton, 96. 
Scryvyner, 169 bis. 
Seaton, 138. 
Sedgwick, 37. 
Sedman, 228. 
Seebohn, 68. 
Segar, 181. 
Senhouse, 138. 
Senior, 87, 88 p., 188, 

195, 204. 
Seyvill, 85 bis., 89. 
Shackleton, 29, 40. 
Shaftsbury, 179. 
Sharp, 24 p., 29 bis., 40, 

44. 
Shaw, 40, 47, 72 bis., 79 

p., 81, 117, 167, 168 

Ms., 171. 172, 188. 
8haye, 167. 
Sheard, 190,195,201,209 



INDEX N0M1NUM. 



247 



Shepherd, 115, 199. 
Shepley, 191, 209. 
Shildon, 48. 

Shillito, 111 bis., 114, 
115, 116, 117, 167 bis., 
171, 172 bis. 
Short, 29. 
Shaft, 26, 182. 
Sigston, 50, 51. 
Sill. 52. 

Simson, Simpson, 109 
bis., 110 p.. Ill bis, 
112, 113 bis., 167, 168, 
169 p., 170, 171, 172, 
239. 
Slack, 73. 
Slater, Sclater, 28, 94 

bis., 239 p. 
Slingsby, 5. 
Smallwood, 177. 
Smith, 9 bis., 10 p., 11 
p., 12 p., 13 p., 14 p., 
16 p., 17, 28, 39, 51, 
87, 96, 110, 121, 166, 
167, 168, 175, 176, 
177, 178, 179, 180 bis , 
184, 190, 236. 
Smithies, 224. 
Bmithson, 74, 173. 
Smythe, 81, 118, 169, 
171 bis., 172 bis., 173. 
Snawden, 50. 
Soetzler, 67. 
Somerscales, 118. 
Bonthcoat, 41. 
Sonthwood, Sawood, 99 

bis. 
Spangenberg, 67. 
8parke, 98 bis., 99 bis. 
Speight, 32. 
Spencer, 116, 118. 
Spode, 122. 
8tagge, 116, 172. 
Btancliffe, 190. 
Stanhope, 48 p., 228. 
Stansfeld, 42, 86. 
SUpleton, 191. 
Stapyltoc, 5. 
Steade, 112. 
Stephenson, 138. 
Sterne, 63. 
Stevens, 84. 
Btileman, 27. 
8tiUinge,109p.,110bis., 
Ill, 112, 113, 114, 
168, 171 bis. 
Stock*, 43. 
Stones. 82, 99. 
Btopforth, 176, 178. 



Stopler, 164. 
Stormont, 5. 
Strange, 78. 
Strangways, 96. 
Strawbenzee, 41. 
Streaker, 238 bis. 
Stretton, 129. 
Stringer, 48, 74 bis. 
Stuart, 166. 
Stnbbs, 52, 88. 
Staynton, 85 p., 103, 105. 
Sogden, 116 p. 
Sunderland, 68 p., 69, 

81, 169. 
Surrey, 83. 
Sutcliffe, 239. 
Swaine, 29, 96. 
Swallow, 167, 168. 
Swift, 46 bis., 195. 
Swinbunke, 51. 
Sykes,22p.,75bis.,162, 

163, 190, 192. 

Taptou, 113. 

Tarlton, 85. 

Tasbnrgh, 100. 

Tattershnll, 87. 

Taylor, Tayler, Tailior, 
10 bis , 11 bis., 14 p., 
15, 31, 44. 79, 125, 169 
170 bis., 172, 180. 

Terry, 39. 

Tester, 78. 

Thacker, 115, 116 bis., 
117, 118, 168, 170, 171 

Thackrah, 29, 39, 167. 

Thirnbeck, 32 bis. 

Thomas, 209. 

Thomlinson, 81. 

Thompson, Thomson. 20 
p., 82 p., 42, 53, 94, 
96 p., 114, 163, 172, 
221. 

Thoresby, 51, 52, 53 bis., 
122. 

Thornbory, 1. 

Thornhill, 69. 

Thornton, 5, 20 p., 239 p. 

Thorold, 165 p., 222. 

Thorp, 45, 205. 

Thnrgarland, 187. 

Thwaytes, 215. 

Tillitson, 12. 

Tindall, 51 

Tiplinge. 109, 169. 

Todd, 196. 

Toeltschig. 66 bis., 67. 

Toothill, 125. 

Topcliffe, 86. 



Toir, 86, 167. 

Townley, 74. 

Tradley, 184. 

Trnvis, 163. 

Treichard, 26, 179. 

Troos, 110. 

Trotter, 32. 

Troughton, 117. 

Turker, 170. 

Turner, Tornar, 1, 9 bis., 
10, 14 p., 15, 20 bis., 
21 p., 31, 40, 51, 105, 
135,162,175,195,200, 
210, 211. 

Tnrton, 208. 

TweUall, 110 bis. 

Tyas, 87. 

Tyler, 88. 

Tyreinan, 52. 

Uffett, 177, 
Ulf, 222, 223, 230. 
Upperdale, 42. 
Usher, 1671 
Utley, 52. 

Vallibus, 220. 
Vavasor, 47. 
Venables, 161. 
Verelot, 161 p., 162 p., 

163 bis.. 164 p., 166. 
Verity, 133. 
Vernon, 5. 
Vestris, 42. 
Vicars, 239. 
Victoria, 43. 
Vigmund, 227 bis. 
Vint, 127. 
Vulfhere, 227. 

Wade, 13, 28, 48, 197, 
221. 

Wadsworth, 124, 125, 
236 p., 237 p , 238. 

Wardsworth, 216. 

Wager, 168. 

Wailes, 44. 

Wainwright, 24, 40, 54 
bis., 55 bis., 219. 

Wakefield, 27. 

Walbank, 76. 

Wales, 177, 180. 

Walker, 32 p., 71 p., 72, 
94 bis., 96 p., 109 bis., 
110 bis.. 113 bis., 114 
p, 115 bis., 116 p., 117 
bis., 118,127,138,169 

Walkingham, 218 bis. 

Wall, 120. 



248 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Walpole, 52 bis., 54. 
Warbnrton, 55 bis. 
Ward, 31,38,70,72,116 

168, 170 big., 172. 
Waringe, 166, 168. 
Warren, 83, 223. 
Warton, 173. 
Waterton, 74. 
Watkin, 111. 
Watson, 5, 68, 151 bis., 

154, 159 bis., 167, 223 
Watteville, 67. 
Watts, 72 bis., 168, 191. 
Waun, 169. 
Webber, 41. 
Wedgwood, 54, 121. 
Wells, 73. 
Wentworth, 19, 20 bis., 

21. 41, 78 p., 215. 
Wesley, 66. 
Westbie, Westabye, 113 

bis,. 
Wester-man, 44. 
Weston, 207. 
Wetherhead, 110 bis., 

Ill p., 113, 115, 116, 

118, 167. 
Whalleye, 115. 
Wharncliffe, 42. 
Wharton, 48, 188 bis. 
Wheatley, 189, 190 p. 
Wheeler, 200. 
Whit, 12, 13. 
Whitaker, Whiticars, 79, 

83 bis., 85, 103, 115, 

116, 117, 159, 166, 167, 



168,169,171,177,183, 
184, 186. 

White, 40, 76, 78, 110, 
113. 

Whitehead, 24, 169. 

Whitehurst, 176, 177. 

Whittingdale, 137. 

Widap, 16. 

Wilbye, 112. 

Wilcocke, 108, 199. 

Wilkinson, 6, 26, 109, 
169 p., 170 bis., 171 
bis., 172 p., 190, 236. 

Williams, 129. 

Williamson, 170, 171 p., 
172. 

Willinge, 203. 

Willis, 86, 90. 

Wills, 171 bis. 

Wilson, 22, 27, 29, 32 
bis., 45, 51, 52 bis., 
112,116,117,118,167 
bis., 169, 170 bis., 172, 
173, 214, 220 p., 221 
bis., 223 bis. 

Winchester, 5. 

Winckley, 73 bis. 

Windebanke, 117. 

Windham, 213. 

Winn, 32. 

Wintringham, 81. 

Woderone, 90 bis. 

Wommersley, 192, 236. 

Wood, 42, 47, 114, 118, 
167, 172. 

Woodhouse, 26 bis. 



Woofenden, 27. 
Wooilin, 52. 
Woolner, 190 bis. 
Wordsworth, 45 p.. 46, 

161 p., 162 p., 163 p., 

164 p., 165 p., 166 p., 

204, 236 p., 237 p.. 

238 p. 
Wormald, 112 bis., 169, 

170, 171. 
WormaU, 109 bis, 110 p, 

111 p, 113 p, 114 p, 

115, 116, 117 p. 
Wortley, 6. 
Wraith, 187 bis. 
Wray, 94. 
Wright, 47, 110, 111, 113 

Mb, 114, 117 bis, 171. 
Wrightson, 138. 
Wrigley, 99. 
Wnlnoth, 227. 
Wyndham, 58. 
Wyntworth, 222. 
Wyse, 169. 
Wyvill, 22 bis. 

Yarbnrgh, 28, 73. 

Yordas, 137. 

York, Abp., 76, 115, 118, 

201 bis., 223. 
Yorke, 5, 186, 228. 
Young, 77. 

Zinzendorf, 67 bis., 200. 
Zoust, 53. 



|nb*£ Eocorum. 

[Compiled by Mr. G. F. Tudor Sherwood, 88, Museum St., 
Oxford Street, W.] 



Abberforth, 144. 
Abbotside, 173, 174. 
Acaster, 144. 
Ackworth, 52, 108, 129, 

146, 166. 
Addingham, 149. 
Adlingflete, 146. 
Adwalton, 80. 
Adwyke, 149. 
Agbrigg, 75, 76, 142, 189 
Airedale, 127. 
Airton, 142. 
Akeroid Lane, 209. 



Alcot, 72. 
Aldborongh, 6. 
Aldebnrgh, 148. 
Aldfleld, 147. 
Alersford, 192. 
Alford, 24. 
Alkley, 148. 
Allaneley, 143. 
Allerton, 142, 144, 145, 

178 p., 179. 180. 
Allerton Gledhow, 143. 
Allerton Mauleverer, 5, 

147. 



Almondbury, 48, 75, 99. 

142, 145. 
Alne, 194. 
Alnwick Castle, 61. 
Altofts. 142, 146. 
Alton, 148. 
Alum Pot, 138. 
Alverthorpe, 39. 
Amonderness, 12. 
Ampelford, 223. 
Amthoyre, 148. 
Aneoates, 72. 
Anderness, 166. 



INDEX LOCORUM. 



249 



ApperlftT Bridge, 240 bis. 
Apperley Lane, 240. 
Appleby, 6. 31. 
Appleion, 144, 194. 
Apyltreweke, 149. 
Ardsley, 78, 79 p., 80 p., 

81 p.. 82, 142, 146. 
Ardyslowe, 145. 
Arksey, 238. 
Armrne, 146. 
Arncliffe, 149, 194. 
Arthington, 144. 
Ashton, 148, 163. 
A&ke, 5. 

Askrigg, 174. 175. 
Askwyth, 147. 
Aston, 161, 162 p. 
Atheriawe, 147. 
Atherton, 47 bis. 
Atsham, 144. 
Atwick, 149, 157, 158, 

212 p. 
Attercliffe, 124. 
Aughton. 75. 162. 
Ansterfeild. 198. 
Auston, 146, 148. 
Awsthorpe, 148. 
Awstwyke, 150. 
Ajkton, 145. 
Ayre, R. 240. 
Ayrton, 149. 

Backstone Gill Hole, 135 
Badenham, 17. 
Badsworth, 28, 146. 
Baildon, 64, 66, 68, 94, 

96, 143. 
Balaton, 118, 212 bis. 
Balance Beck, 207 bid. 
Balmce Wood. 210. 
Baldersly, 216. 
Ballye, 148. 
Bansted, 166 bis. 
Barghe, 147. 
Barkerend, 24. 
Barkeston, 87, 144. 
Barley, 144. 
Barmby, 148. 
Bannston, i9. 
. Barnbrogh, 148. 
Barnby-upon-Dunn, 74. 
Bamsley, 1. 26 bis., 41, 

42, 64, 146, 189. 
Banland, 142. 
Barugh, 223 bis. 
Barwick, 12, 47 p., 143. 
Baschebi. 223. 
Baiedale, 85. 
Baihame, 150. 



Bath, 60, 199. 

Batley, 17 bis., 11, 27, 
37, 38, 48, 89 bis., 100 
bis., 142, 144. 

Battersea. 166. 

Bawtry, 52, 148. 

Baysfield, 162. 

Beall, 146. 

Bedal, 6, 29. 

Beezley Falls, 135. 

Beiston, 142. 

Bell Hill, 142. 

Benthame, 150. 

Benthon, 46. 

Bentley. 148, 212. 

Bergh, 89. 

Berrey, 47. 

Benton, 145. 

Bettain, 237. 

Beverley, 6 bis., 53, 153, 
193. 

Bewick-upon-Tweed, 240 

Billingley, 215 bis. 

Bingley, 55, 152, 184. 

Birchwaye. 89. 

Birdoswald. 61. 

Birstall, 125, 202, 204. 

Blacker Hall, 42. 

Blacwell Hall, 19. 

Blake Hall, 101, 191 p., 
206, 210. 

Blakehill, 200. 

Blakeiai a, 83. 

Blakstou. 148. 

Bleak Low Lane, 83. 

Blea Moor, 137. 

Boathonse, 191, 210. 

Bollinge. 112, 145. 

Holsterstone Chapel, 194 

Boltby Chapel, 194. 

Bolton. 142, 145, 149 bis. 

Bolton Percy, 29. 

Boroughbridge. 5, 6. 

Boston Spa, 72. 

Bournans, 196. 

Bousland, 145. 

Bow, 120. 

Bowling, 23. 

Bowton, 47. 

Bracken Hall, 210. 

Bracken Hall Glen, 106. 

Brackenthwaite, 200. 

Bradfeld, 148. 

Bradford, 8 bis., 9, 10, 
16, 24 p.. 29, 42, 47 bis. 
48,68.77,80,142,153, 
176, 181, 189 bis., 213 
bis., 224,225, 226 bis., 
230, 239 bis., 240. 



Bradforth, 13, 23, 145, 

150. 
Bradforthdale, 12. 
Bradley, 149. 
Bradley Hall, 151, 160. 
Bradley Wood, 49. 
Bradsburton Cross, 166. 
Bradsworth, 149. 
Braithwell, 218 p. 
Bramcroft, 146. 
Bramham, 144 bis., 199. 
Bramham Park, 5, 20. 
Bramley, 142, 145, 148. 
Bramton, 148 p. 
Bramwyth, 146. 
Braswell, 149. 
Brawby, 223. 
Brawell, 148. 
Brearley, 146. 
Brearton, 148. 
Brememium, 61. 
Bretton Hall, 1, 191 bis. 
Breton. 144, 145. 
Brier Knowles, 210. 
Briery Bank, fclO/211. 
Brig Flat, 30, 31. 
Brighouse, 74, 160, 225. 
Bristol, 45, 120, 132. 
Brockwell, 72. 
Brode Ynge, 92. 
Brook House, 214 bis. 
Broomhead, 214, 220 p., 

223. 
Brotherton, 144 bis., 214 

bis. 
Bronghton, 146, 149. 
Bruges, 186. 
Brussels, 186. 
Buerley, 18. 
Bulden, 150. 
Bu'lhouse, 40 p , 46 p., 

47. 
Buhner, 167. 
Bungay, 192. 
Burgwallis, 49, 146 bis. 
Burgbrigge, 148. 
Burley, 144. 
Burlington Key, 47. 
Burne, 144. 
Burnsall, 27 bis., 149. 
Burstall, 28. 
Burton, 144, 145, 148, 

150. 
Burton Constable, 154 bis 
Burton Agnes, 29. 
Burton Grange, 163, 164, 

165. 
Burton-lane-head, 45. 
Butterington, 114. 



250 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Byachworth, 146. 
Byerley, 144. 
Byland, 85. 
Byllome, 148. 
Byngeley, 144. 
Byram, 6, 144. 
Byrkyii, 144. 

Cadebie, 148. 

Calder, R.. 43, 152, 197, 

201. 
Calfe Crofte, 92. 
Calton, 149. 
Calverley, 78, 142, 144, 

195. 
Calverts Clough, 210. 
Cambodunum, 152, 159. 
Cambridge, 17 bis. 
Campsall, 14C, 208. 
Cams-gill, 31. 
Cantley, 148. 
Carhousc, 148. 
Carlcoats, 214 bis. 
Carlisle, 197. 
Carleton, 76, 143, 114, 

146, 149, 214 p., 240. 
CaBtilfelde, 92. 
Castlefurth, 146. 
Castle Hall. 205, 206, 208 
Castley, 147. 
Cattal, 5. 
Cawode, 144. 
Cawthome, 76, 147. 
Chadderton, 70, 71, 72. 
Chadwick Wood, 210. 
Chalons, 84. 
Chamber, 73. 
Chancery Lane, 164. 
Chapel-le-Dale, 135. 
Chapel Wells, 86 bis. 
Charter He use, 163. 
Chelsea, 120. 
Cherry Burton, 29. 
Chester, 45, 132, 199, 240 
Chette, 146. 
Church Lane, 209. 
Cindcrhill, 210. 
Citeaux or Cisteaux, 84 

bis. 
Clapdale Beck, 137. 
Clapham, 137, 150. 
Claro, 147. 
Clayborne, 192. 
Clayhouse, 49, 74. 
Clayton, 89,145. 146, 148 
Cleckheaton, 142, 144. 
Clent, 193. 
Clifford, 144. 
Clifton, 51, 83, 88, 97 



bis., 100 bia., 142,145. 
Clifton Flat, 92. 
Clitheroe, 6. 
Clothorme, 147. 
Cloughbank, 10. 
Clyent, 147. 
Colchester, 61, 62, 200. 
Coley, 70, 152, 194 bis., 

234. 
Collinge, 149. 
Collingham, 144. 
Collyston, 144. 
Colne, R., 83. 
Colthorpe, 147. 
Conington, 160. 
Coni6borough, 148, 213 

bis., 214 bis. 
Constantinople, 199. 
ConyBton, 149 bis. 
Cote Flat. 92. 
Cote Wall. 191. 
Cotham, 223. 
Cotingham, 214 bis. 
Coulton, 223. 
Cowe-forde, 92, 189. 
Co wick, 5. 
Crakeowe, 149. 
Craven, 197. 
Credlinge, 146. 
CreKjlston, 142, 145. 
Crofton 93, 324. 
Cros* Greon Lane, 209. 
Cross i'th 'Dean, 152. 
Crossland. 152, 145, 152. 
Cross-leigh. 152. 
Crossley, 209 bis. 
Cross-stone, 152. 
Croston, 142, 145. 
Crow Mount, 206. 
Crow Nest, 71, 72, 226. 
Crow Wood, 210. 
Crynglington, 150. 
Cuckoo Hill, 210. 
Cuckwold, 215 bis. 
Cudworth, 26. 
Cnllingworth, 87, 93. 
Cumberworth, 142, 145, 

204. 

Dalc-bech, 135 bis. 
Dale Graingo, 174. 
Dull Lane, 209. 
Dalton,142,145,219bis. 
Danbye Grange, 93. 
Danegate, 215 bis. 
Danish Mount, 205. 
Dartield, 29, 148, 236. 
Dariogton. 146. 
Darton, 64, 93. 



Daventry, 47, 125. 
Dawgreen, 196. 
Dean Chapel, 194. 
Deanhead Chapel, 194 

bis., 195. 
Dearham, 60. 
Delft. 70. 

Deuby, 98, 99, 146, 149. 
Dent, 32, 150. 
Denston, 234. 
Denton, 147 bis. 
Derby, 120. 
Derton, 89. 
Derwent Edge, 45. 
Dewsbory, 27, 39, 42, 

142. 145, 187. 188 p.. 

195, 196 bis., 197, 2UO, 

202, 203 bis. 
Dowyard La., 209. 
Diusdale, 53. 
Dirtcar, 43. 
Dishforth, 216, 217. 
Diss, 47. 
Doddington, 6. 
Dodworth, 146. 
Doe, R., 136, 137. 
Don, R.. 45 bis. 
Doncaster, 26, 62. 75, 

82, 148, 194, 215 bis. 
Dorking, 165. 
Douk Cave, 137. 
Dowkers, 99. 
Downton, 6. 
Dranwell, 31. 
Drax, 144. 

Drighlington t 29, 142, 145 
Droughton, 149. 
Drypool Church, 195. 
Dunbottle, 209. 
Duncombo Pk., 6. 
Dunford Bridge, 45. 
Dun Keswyke, 147. 
Dunster Court, 164. 
Duntford, 147. 
Durham, 53. 
Dusthorpe, 124. 

Ealand, 49, 50, 74, 200. 
Earlsheaton, 26, 75, 133. 
Easegill Force, 135 bis. I 
Eastbridleigh, 192, 193, 

194. 
Eastcliff Bank. 210. 
East Coltingwith. 194. 
Easthorpe, 189, 207, 210 

bis. 
East Horsley. 5. 
East Smiihfield, 192. 
East Oxe Pasture. 92. 



INDEX LOCORUM. 



251 



Eaton, 72. 
Ecclesall, 142, 194. 
Ecdesfield, 26, 73, 148. 
EccleshiU, 49, 145, 239, 

240 p. 
Edgoott, 162. 
Edghill, 48. 
Edinburgh, 7. 
Edlington, 148. 
Edworth, 146. 
ERburgh, 146. 
Eland, 142, 144. 
Elletrye Flat, 92. 
Elmsall, 215. 
Elreton, 85. 
Emley, 145. 
Emsey, 142, 149, 193. 
Erinden, 142. 
Erkcndale, 148. 
Esholt, 77, 85, 239. 
Eskdale-aide, 228 bis., 

229, 230. 
Esthtou, 149. 
Estkeswyke, 143. 
Esyngton, 149. 
EweU, 166 p. 
Exeleye, 97. 
Exeter, 39, 132. 
Eyton, 194. 

Fairfield, 68. 

Fairweather Green, 152. 
Farebnrne, 144. 
Farnham, 5. • 
Farnley, 41, 101, 142 

bis., 145. 
Farseley, 145. 
Far Bide Moor, 207, 210. 
Fawlett, Fawlethwaite, 

237 p.. 238. 
Felbeck MiU, 194. 
Fenton, 48, 144. 
Femhill, 149. 
Fernley, 145, 147. 
Fernnam, 148. 
Ferrybridge, 6. 
Fetberston, 146. 
Fewston, 25, 26, 235. 
Fieldbead, 125, 209. 
Fieldhoose, 239. 
Filey, 41. 
Findern, 125. 
Firbank, 31. 
Firbeck, 75. 
Fixby, 69, 151. 
Flanders, 207. 
Flanahaw, 39. 
PUpley, 147. 
Rub House, 210. 



Flaxbye, 149. 
Flaxton, 223. 
Flekesby, 145. 
Flintshire, 6. 
Flockton, 142, 145. 
Fokerbye, 146. 
Fold Head, 210. 
Folly foot, 25, 147, 194, 

235. 
Forbrigge Flat, 92. 
Fors Abbey, 173. 
Forsdale, 174. 
Fountains, 85, 97, 104. 
Foxroyd, 209. 
Frewell, 92. 
Frickley, 148. 
Fryston, 144, 146. 
Fulneck, 65, 66, 67, 68, 

119, 120, 123. 
Fylingdales Cb., 194, 195 
Fysbelake, 148. 

Gallows Moss, 45. 
Gaping GUI Hole, 137. 
Garfartbe, 144. 
Gargrave, 149. 
Gatefurth, 144. 
Gatebill, 144. 
Gatekirk Cave, 137. 
Gawthorpe Hall, 5. 
Gaynes Hall, 5. 
Ghent, 186. 
Gibhole, 209. 
Gilling, 29. 
Gill Lane, 209. 
Gingle Pot, 135. 
Gingling Cave, 137. 
Gisburne Park, 6. 
Glasgow, 70. 
Gloucester, 41. 
Glysburne, 149. 
God's bridge, 135. 
GoldhaU, 146. 
Goldsbnrgbe, 147. 
Gomersal, 66, 68, 142, 

145. 
Gowthorp, 147, 215 bis. 
Grace Hall, 67. 
Grainge, 174, 189. 
Grantley, 147. 
Grassington, 173. 
Great Tonrne, 220. 
Greenhead, 190. 
Greenside, 209. 
Greetham, 234. 
Greetland, 49, 159 bis. 
Gregory Spring, 210. 
Grenehamton, 147. 
Gresbrooke, 149. 



Greta, B., 135 bis. 
Grisedale, 32. 
Grindleton Chapel, 194. 
Grimston, 144. 
Gnnthwaite, 146. 216 bis. 
Gygleswyke, 149. 
Gyreington, 149. 
Gysburne, 149. 
Gyseley, 143. 

Haddockstones, 74. 

Haddyl, 144. 

Hadesley, 144 bis. 

Hagg, 196, 210 bis. 

Haigh Pk.. 42. 

Halgton, 89. 

Halifax, 10, 12 bis., 13, 
24 bis., 27, 29, 43, 46, 
48, 49, 50, 68, 70, 73, 
74, 127, 143, 145, 152, 
158, 161, 198, 206, 216 
bis., 235, 236, 240. 

Hallcroft, 87. 

Halsome-moore, 47. 

Halton, 148, 149 bis. 

Hamelton, 144. 

HameBworth, 148. 

Hampole, 85. 

Hampthwaste Ch., 195 
bis. 

Hampton, 107, 149. 

Handsworth, 220. 

Hanercrofte, 147. 

Hanging Banks. 162. 

Harden, 152. 

Hardenbeck, 180. 

Hardrow Soar, 174. 

Hardwicke, 162 bis. 

Harewood, 43, 144. 

Harrigate, 28. 

Hartcliff, 45. 

Harthill, 148. 

Hartsbead, 27, 82, 83 bis. 
89, 93, 100 bis., 142, 
145, 152, 202. 

Haslewood, 144. 

Hatefeld, 148. 

Hathweyte, 87. 

Hathermire, 133. 

Haw Bank, 210. 

Hawdonbye, 146. 

Hawes, 135, 175. 

Hawkeswyke, 149. 

Hawksworth, 143. 

Hawnlytbe, 149. 

Haworth, 10, 12, 13, 15, 
142, 144, 194. 

Hayke, 99. 

Hazlehead, 45. 



252 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Healey, 236. 
Heath, 224. 
Heaton, 29, 142. 
Hebden, 149. 
Hecke, 146. 
Heckmondwike, 29, 49, 

68. 93, 94, 99, 125 p, 

126, 127, 143, 145, 191 
Hcdensley, 83, 87. 
Hedingley. 144. 
Hedon, 5, 153, 154, 234. 
Heghome, 89. 
Heirthlington, 149. 
Hellifield, 49, 149. 
Helliwell, 158. 
Hemingborough, 194. 
Hemsworth, 43. 
Hensall, 146. 
Heptonstail, 76, 143. 
Hepworth Wood, 210. 
Hereden, 87. 
Hermutb, 200. 
Hessye, 144. 
Heton, 88, 94, 148, 149. 
Hewick, 144, 147, 216 

bis, 217. 
He j ton, 145 bis. 
Higham Ferrers, 6. 
High Lane, 209. 
High Stubbinge, 92. 
Hiph Sunderland, 68, 70, 

71. 
Hillome, 144. 
Hipperholme, 50, 75, 143 

145, 239 bis. 
Hivelton, 192. 
Holbeck, 50, 74. 
Holland, 146, 148. 
Hollin Hall, 210. 
Holmefirth, 143, 145. 
Holy Well, 158, 164. 
Hoola, 237. 
Hopton, 189 bis, 191 bis, 

195 bis, 205 bis, 207, 

210 p, 211 p, 213 bis. 
Hopwood, 72. 
Horbury, 24, 39, 42, 44, 

142, 145. 
Hornsea, 155 p. 
Horsford, 143. 
Horsham, 6. 
Horton, 24, 29, 125, 143, 

145, 149, 150. 
Hoton. 18, 149. 
Honndhill, 70. 
Howke, 146. 
Howley. 76, 81, 143, 145. 
Hoyland, 236. 
Hoylandswaine, 237 p, 



238. 
Hoy ton Pannell, 148. 
Huddle Cross, 158. 
Huddersfield, 41, 49, 76, 

93, 97, 99, 100, 143, 

145, 152 bis, 197 Mb. 
Hudleston, 144. 
Hnkrode, 92. 
Hall, 44, 129, 163, 181 

bis. 
Hull Pot, 138. 
Hulton, 17 bis. 
Hnnburton, 148. 
Handyshelfe, 146. 
Hnnger Hill, 210. 
Hunnesworth, 142, 145. 
Hnnshelf, 216 bis. 
Hansinghome, 147. 
Hunslet. 73, 121, 143, 

145, 224, 226. 
Huntington, 18. 
Hunt Pot, 138. 
Huret, 144. 
Hurtle Pot, 135. 
Hutton Conyers, 216 p, 

217. 
Hygheholland, 146. 
Hyghemelton. 149. 
Hykylton, 148. 
Hvmsworth, 146. 
Hyndeley, 147. 

Idel, 15, 29, 127, 148, 
145, 239 p, 240 p. 

Ilkley, 144. 

Illingworth, 46. 

Ingleborough, 135, 187 
bis. 

Ingleton, 134, 185, 137 
bis, 150. 

Ingmanthorpe, 193 bis. 

Ingoldemeales, 234. 

Ingraththorpe, 147. 

Inner Temple, 212. 

Jenkin Beck, 135. 
Jervaulx, 85, 178. 
Jordan Roid, 210. 

Kelder, R., 83. 
Keldon, 85. 
Kellyngton, 146. 
Kensing Ch.. 63. 
Kendal, 77, 125. 
Kepaxe, 148. 
Kettering. 40. 
Kettlewell, 149, 195. 
Kezburgh, 89, 93, 146. 
Keyingham, 158, 155. 



Kighley, 10, 13, 15, 27, 
149, 234. 

Killington. 32 bis. 

Kilnsey, 25, 154 p. 

Kimlane, 209. 

Kingley Ch., 194. 

King's Cross, 152. 

Kingsdale Beck, 137. 

Kings Manor House, 1S8 

Kingston -upon -Hull, 5, 
47, 163 p, 193, 227 bis. 

Kippax, 39, 73. 

Kipping, 128,175 p, 176 p, 
177 p, 178 p, 179 p, 180 
p, 181 p, 182 p, 183 p, 
184 p, 185 p, 186 p. 

Kirby Lonsdale, 32. 

Kirby Misperton, 29. 

Kirby Moorside, 16. 

Kirby Overblow. 25. 

Kirk Burton, 76, 142. 

Kirkby, 144, 147, 204. 

Kirkheaton, 97, 124, 142, 
199, 202, 211. 

Kirkleatham, 20. 

Kirklees, 82, 83, 84, 85 
bis, 86, 87, 90, 91, 93, 
97, 98 p, 100, 151, 196, 
198, 201, 203 bis, 204 
bis, 205, 206. 

Kirkstall, 68, 85. 

Kirkthorpe, 39, 40. 

Knapton, 144. 

Knaresborough, 5, 27, 74 
78, 147, 148, 283 p. 

Knightsbridge, 163. 

Knottyngley, 146. 

Knowl, 205, 210 p. 

Krymsfurth, 148. 

Kuthales, 83. 

Kuthelagam, 83. 

Kyldwyke, 149. 

Kyllinghall, 147. 

Kymberworth, 148. 

Kyndall, 147. 

Kyrbye, 147. 

Kyrbye Cattail, 148. 

Kyrkbie, 147, 149. 

Kyrkefaenton, 146. 

Kyrkhamton, 147. 

Kyrk Sandall, 148. 

Kytton, 149. 

Lamlyffe, 149. 
Lambs Hill, 67. 
Langefeld, 143, 145. 
Langhton, 149. 
Langsett, 146, 214. 
Langtoft, 223. 



INDEX LOCORUM. 



258 



Langthwate, 148. 

Langwath, 217 bis. 

Lardonary, 215. 

Laughton, 75, 149. 

Laweton, 77. 

Leapool, 47. 

Ledgard Bridge, 187 bis, 
188, 169, 190. 

Ledgard Mill, 190, 210. 

L*dsham, 144. 

Ledstone, 143, 199. 

Leeds, 18, 20, 23, 24 p, 
27 bis. 28, 29, 37, 40 p, 
42 p, 44, 48, 49 bis, 
53, 54, 74, 75, 76, 121, 
122 p, 144, 177 bis, 178 
bis, 197 Ms, 198, 199 
bis, 200, 210, 222, 238 
bis. 

Leegreen, 207, 209, 211. 

Lepton, 143, 145. 

Lester, 77. 

Letwell, 217 bis. 

Leven, 29, 156, 158. 

Levington, 218 bis. 

Lewknor, 63. 

Leyden, 178. 

Leythley. 147. 

Ltghtcliffe, 66, 226. 

Laey, 191, 210 p. 

Lincoln, 234. 

Linton, 27. 

Lisbon, 199. 

Lisle, 186. 

Little Don, R., 45. 

Little Hag, 210. 

Little Horton, 68. 

Little London, 196, 209. 

Littlemoor, 210. 

Liverpool, 199, 240. 

Liversedge, 83, 89 bis, 
93, 94, 98, 99, 143, 
145, 188. 

Lofthouse, 39, 76, 144. 

London, 7, 12, 45, 50, 53, 
66, 72, 132, 165, 166, 
182, 183, 185, 215. 

Lonkester, 11. 

Longley, 97, 100 bis. 

Long Mareton, 17, 18. 

Long Preston, 49. 

Long Sntton, 234. 

Longwood Chapel, 195. 

Londenden, 10. 

Loversall, 148. 

Low Harrogate Ch., 195. 

Low Mills, 191, 210. 

Low Road, 210. 

Lowther Hall, 200. 



Lnddenden, 194 p, 235. 
Lune R., 31, 135. 
Lyndley, 147. 
Lyon Roode, 93. 
Lynton, 147, 149. 

Magna Cattail, 147. 
Magna Usbrirne, 148. 
Mallame, 149. 
Maltby, 75, 149. 
Malton, 6, 222. 
Manchester, 45, 71, 125 

bis, 152, 159, 199, 240. 
Mankynholes, 151. 
Man, Ifle of, 56. 
Manningham, 24, 143, 

145, 213. 
Manor Ho., 52, 53 bis, 

54 bis, 119. 
Mansfield, 177, 184 bis. 
Marebrigge Flat, 92. 
Mark Lane, 164. 
Marledoore, 92. 
Marre, 149. 
Marscoate, 96. 
Marsden, 49. 
Marsheden, 143. 
Marsheland, 146. 
Mareton, 16, 17, 18. 
Marton, 87. 
Matchcroft, 209 bis. 
Manltby Ch., 194. 
Meagill, 28. 
Meaux or Melsa, 85. 
Medhope, 149. 
Medleton, 147. 
Medley, 143, 145. 
Meklefeld, 144. 
Melmerby, 216. 
Melthaxn, 73, 143, 145. 
Menston, 143. 
Merkynton, 147. 
Merton, 144. 
Merton Coll., 63. 
Methley, 5, 219. 
Mexbrongh, 148, 212, 218 

bis, 221. 
Middleton, 32, 74, 123, 

143. 
Migeley, 143. 
Mile-end, 125. 
Mill-bridge, 126. 
Mill-house, 208. 
Milner Field, 226. 
Milnfold, 189. 
Mincing Lane, 164. 
Minorca, 199. 
Mirfield, 82 bis, 83 p, 84, 

86, 90, 91, 93, 94, 97, 



100, 101 bis, 143 144, 
187 p, 188, 189 bis, 
191 bis, 192, 195, 196 
p, 197 p, 198 p, 199 p, 
200 p, 201 p, 203 f>, 
204 p, 205 bis, 206, 
207 p, 208 p, 209, 211 
bis. 

Mixeuden, 177, 180. 

Mock Beggar, 210. 

Molesme, 84. 

Monkton, 144. 147. 

Montier-la-Celle, 84. 

Moor House, 40. 

Moorside, 209. 

Moor Town, 199. 

Moravia, 66. 

Morkar, 74. 

Morlev, 75, 76 bis, 79, 
124, 142, 143, 145, 
224 bis. 

Morton, 144, 223. 

Moss Farm, 96. 

Mostyn, 72. 

Mount Sorril, 53. 

Mydleton, 145. 

Myghley, 145. 

Mynskyppe, 148. 

Mytton, 150, 

Nabstocks Bank, 210. 
Naustrope, 74. 
Nawton, 223. 
Nesfeld, 147. 
Netherneld, 45. 
Nether Hall, 79. 
Nether Thong, 43. 
Netherton, 143. 
Nettlested, 78. 
Newall, 147. 
Newbiggin, 218 bis. 
Newbye, 147. 
Newcastle, 7, 200, 240. 
New Close, 92. 
New Hall, 191, 210, 211. 
New Miller Dam, 76. 
Newsoin, 143, 149. 
Newthorpe, 144. 
Newton, 149, 150. 
Newton Kyme, 144. 
Newton Wallys, 144. 
New Wood, 93. 
Nickhouse, 209 bis. 
Nidderdale, 23. 
Norland, 50. 
Normanton, 143, 145. 
Northallerton, 5, 6, 107. 
Northampton, 40. 
Northbar, 209. 



-254 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



North Birley, 143. 
Northcroft, 87. 
North Crossland, 145. 
Northdighton, 147. 
North Elmsall, 146. 
North Frodingham, 155. 
Northgate, 40. 
North Gynedale, 218 p. 
Northorpe, 187, 207, 

209 p. 
Northowram, 19, 47, 50, 

127, 143, 145, 177, 

184 bis, 185. 
Norton, 146, 193 big. 
Norwich, 132. 
Nostell, 97, 146. 
North Stanley, 147. 
Nottingham, 48. 
Notton, 146. 
Novou, 15. 

Nun Appleton, 22, 85. 
Nunbanke, 93. 
Nunbrook, 82, 83, 188, 

206, 210. 
Nunkeeling, 157, 158. 
Nnnmonkton, 20, 73, 147. 
Nunwood, 97. 
Nun Wyk, 147. 
Nydd, 147. 

Oakham, 63. 
Ockbrook, 68. 
Okenshaw, 158. 
Oketon. 219 bis. 
Oliver Car, 210. 
Onchan, 56, 60. 
Osgodcrosse, 146. 
Osmonderbye, 147. 
Ossett, 43, 75, 143, 145. 
Oswestry, 125. 
Otley/39, 143, 240. 
Otterburne, 149. 
Ouse-bridge Hall, 21. 
Ousterfeld, 148, 
OuBtoh Ch., 198. 
Ovenden, 143, 145, 174. 
Overard, 186. 
Oxford, 17. 
Ox Lane, 166. 
Oxspringe, 146, 219 bis. 
Oxthorpe, 148. 

Padeham, 11. 

Paper, or Papist Hall, 

86 bis. 
Parkgate, 26. 
Pate Lane, 209. 
Pathorn, 149. 
Pecca Falls, 135. 



Pendle Hill, 30. 

Penistone, 45, 46 p, 146, 
162, 164, 208, 214. 

Penny Hedge, 230. 

Penrith, 205. 

Peterboro\ 6. 

Petersfield, 166. 

Petrosslanus, 83. 

Pickworth, 178. 

Pimbledow, 72. 

Plompton, 147. 

Pockley, 223. 

Pollington, 74, 144, 146, 
219 bis. 

Pomfret, 146. 

Pontefract, 6 bis, 12, 24 
bis, 25 bis, 26, 27, 46, 
47, 48, 49, 54, 74, 75, 
76 bis, 90, 98, 133, 
146, 189 bis, 208, 218, 
215, 227, 233 p, 239 bis. 

Poole, 119, 148. 

Popleton, 144 bis. 

Postern Gate, 163. 

Potternewton, 121, 143. 

Prague, 198. 

Preston, 12, 143, 146, 
149. 

Pudsey, 29, 143, 145, 
180, 285. 

Pygburne, 148. 

Quarmbv, 27, 143, 145. 
Quarry Hole, 195. 
Queenborongh, 6. 
Quick, 143. 

Rainton, 216 bis. 
Ranfeld, 148. 
Rastriok, 143, 145, 152. 
Rathmel, 124 bis. 
Ratton Row, 210. 
Ravenspurn Gross, 153, 

154. 
Ravensthorpe Lane, 209. 
Ravenwray, 135. 
Rawoliffe, 148. 
Rawden, 144, 240 p. 
Rawmarshe, 148. 
Rawthy, R., 29. 
Redbonrn, 5. 
Redear Chapel, 195. 
Rednesse, 146 bis. 
Reinsley, 147. 
Remyngton, 149. 
Reyll, 146. 
Reylston, 149. 
Ribston, 197. 
Richmond - on - Thames, 



235. 
Richmond, Yorks, 5. 
Rigton, 143. 
Ripley, 23, 147. 
Ripon, 5, 29, 147 his, 

216, 217, 219 bis. 
Ripponden, 196. 
Rise, 158. 
Rishforth, 143. 
Risingham Station, 61. 
Rivaulx, 85. 
Road End, 45. 
Roall. 146. 
Robert Town, 2^9. 
Roche, 85, 97. 
Rochester. 199. 
Roclyffe, 146. 
Roebuck, 194. 
Roehead, 210. 
Roodes, 76. 
Rosington, 148. 
Rothemell, 149. 
Rotherham, 47, 75, 127, 

148, 162. 
Rothwell Haigh, 40, 41, 

42,76,81,143,145,218. 
Roughbanks, 216. 
Row Houses, 210. 
Rowley, 29. 
Rowting Cave, 187. 
Royston, 140. 
Rufford, 202. 
Runswick, 193 p. 
Rushford Farm, 94. 
Rygton, 147. 
Rykston, 147 Ms. 
Ryllyingley, 148. 
Ryshworth, 146. 
Ryther, 144. 

Saddleworth, 94 bis, 99. 
St. Ann's Chapel, 194 bis. 
St. Ives 192. 
St. John's Chapel, 194. 
St. Mary's Abbey, 85. 
St. Miohrcl de Tounerre, 

84. 
St. Olave's, Ch., 193. 
St. Philip's Cross, 153. 
St. Philip's Well, 153. 
Sallay, 85, 147. 
Saltaire, 224 p, 225,226 

p, 289. 
Saltersbrook, 45. 
Salterton, 195. 
Salton, 223. 
Saltwood, 17. 
Sandall, 43, 143, 145, 

148. 



INDEX LOCORUM. 



255 



f 



Sandford Park, 17 

Sandsend, 153. 

Saxton, 144. 

Scaleber Force, 133. 

Scarboro', 5, 6, 53, 138, 
227, 229. 

Scarcroft, 144. 

Scavrgbye, 149. 

Scladburne, 149. 

Scoles, 15, 93, 99 bis. 

Scothorpe, 149. 

Scrathayks. 99. 

Screfyn, 148. 

Scyrcotte, 144. 

Secroft, 143. 

Sedbergh, 29, 30, 31, 32. 

Sedgbige, 150. 

Selby,24bis,44,47,144. 

Selesden, 149. 

Settle, 133, 149. 

Settrragton, 29. 

Shadwell, 144. 

Shafton, U6. 

Sharbore, 147. 

Shariesto*, 143, 145. 

Sheep To/, 210. 

Sheffield, 8, 28, 29, 148, 
163, lf5, 220 p. 

8helfe,fc,87,93,98,99, 
144. 

Shelley, 143, 145. 

Shepefeycarre, 99. 

ShepK, U3, 145, 187, 
tfiris. 

Bhfeurne, 144. 

mien Hall, 19 bis. 

ShUnk La, 86, 209 p. 

%ley, 49, 105, 143, 
44, 225, 239. 

Slrclif , 90. 

litlington,90,143,145. 

faewsbury, 125. 

huckden, 178 p, 179 bis, 

181 p, 182, 184. 
Sicklinghall, 25, 193. 
Silkstone, 236, 237. 
Sindall, 143. 
Sitiningthwait, 85. 
Skeffling, 156. 
Skellbrooke, 146. 
Skellowe, 146. 
tikelton, 147, 218. 
Skimlthorpe, 146. 
Skipton, 24, 25 p, 28 bis, 
48, 49, 52, 149. 

Skircote, 50, 143. 

Skybdcn, 149. 

Slaok, 152, 159 bis. 

Slaithwaite, 94, 143, 145 



Slate quarries, 135. 
Sleeford, 178. 
Smallhaigh, 208. 
Smeaton parva, 146. 
Snaith, 25. 146, 219. 
Snake Hill, 188, 210. 
Snaynton, 228. 
Sneaton Castle, 22. 
Snydall, 145. 
Softley, 221 bis. 
South Dighton, 147. 
South Elmesall, 146. 
Southfield, 127, 128. 
Southgate, 155. 
South Kirkby, 73, 146. 
South Mylefurth, 144. 
Southowram, 27, 50, 143, 

145. 
South Stanley, 148. 
Sonthwark, 48, 239. 
Sowerby. 50, 143, 145, 

195, 199, 239. 
Soytyll, 145. 
Spennymoor, 118. 
Spofforth, 29, 147. 
Sprodburgh, 148. 
Stafford, 192. 
Stainborongh, 236 bis, 

237 p, 238 bis. 
Stainclif, 149. 
Staincrosse, 146. 
Stainland, 143, 145, 150, 

151. 
Stainley, 6, 145. 
Staintou, 125, 149. 
Stakford, 92. 
Stanbury, 9,10p, 11, 13, 

14 bis, 15 p. 
Stanhope, 29. 
Stanley, 41, 49. 143, 148 
Stansfeld, 52, 75, 143. 
Stapylton, 146. 
Statton, 144. 
Staynburne, 147. 
Staynfeld, 145. 
Staynfirth, 148, 149. 
Staynsall, 149. 
Steton, 149. 
8teynburghe, 146. 
Stockbridge, 238. 
Stokesley, 138. 
Stonegate, 121. 
Stonegrave, 223. 
Stonehouses, 99. 
Stoynfeld, 149. 
Strafford, 75 bis, 148, 221 
Strawberry Hill, 54. 
Stubbes hampoll, 148. 
Stubbes Walden, 146. 



Stubbynge, 92. 
Studley, 5, 147. 
Stump Gross, 152. 
Styrton, 149. 
Sutcliffe, 239. 
Suttell, 143. 
Sutton, 144, 148, 149, 

163. 209. 
Sutton place, 207. 
Swillabottom, 135. 
Swillington Ho., 43, 143, 

199. 
Swindon, 149, 207 p. 
Swine, 85, 155 bis. 
8wine pasture, 92. 
Swinfleet, 75. 
S win ton, 149, 215 bis, 

221 bis. 
Sylkstone, 146. 
Synclynghall, 147. 

Tadcaster, 47, 144, 194, 

199. 
Tankersley, 146, 236. 
Temple, 211. 
Thanet, 162. 
Thirsk, 6 bis, 192, 215, 

234. 
Thome, 73. 148. 
Thornell, 143. 
Thorner, 197. 
Thornhill, 29, 145, 191, 

200, 202. 
Thornnour, 143. 
Thornton, 6, 29, 128, 

143, 145, 147, 149, 160 

176, 182, 185, 194. 
Thornton Force, 134, 137 
Thornwaite Chapel, 235. 
Thorp Arch, 72. 
Thorpawdleybye, 146. 
Thorpe, 28, 74, 79, 147. 
Thorpsalvyn, 148. 
Thorp Stapleton, 144. 
Thorpsup'monte, 143. 
Thorpwillingbye, 144. 
Threaproyd, 210. 
Thrownstone, 148. 
Thryberg, 138. 
Thurguland, .146, 236, 

237 p, 238 p. 
Thurlstone, 45, 147. 
ThurscroBse, 147. 
Thurstonland, 143, 145. 
Tickell, 75 bis, 148, 149, 

162, 213 bis, 233, 234 p. 
Tinmouth Castle, 53. 
Tinsley, 221 bis. 
Tithe Laithe, 210. 



256 



YORKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Tockboles, 125. 
Toddwyke, 148. 
Tong, 28, 51, 143, 145. 
Topgrave, 147. 
Tore R, 173. 
Towcrosse, 150. 
Towngate, 207, 209 bis. 
Towton, 144. 
Tresfeld, 149. 
Treton, 148, 220. 
Trougill gorge, 137. 
Turnbridge 24 bis, 27. 
Tutbury, 213. 
Twickenham, 6. 
Twiselton Soar, 135. 
Tymkill, 147 bis. 
Tynslowe, 149, 222 bis. 

Uglebarmby, 228. 
Ulf's Lands, 222. 
Ulley, 148. 
Undercliffe, 127. 
Unshriven Bridge, 216. 
Upperhall, 209. 
Upper Wortley, 68. 
Upton, 146. 
Uakett, 146. 
UskUl, 144. 
Uskorne, 147. 

Victoria Cave, 133. 

Waddington, 150, 234. 

Wadsley, 26, 223 p. 

Wadsworth, 143, 145, 
149, 161, 162, 163 p, 
164 p, 165. 

Wagestan, 83. 

Wakefield, 1, 11, 12 bis, 
13 bis, 24 p, 26 bis, 27, 
37, 39 p, 40 p. 41 p, 42 
p, 43 p, 44 p, 49 p, 50, 
61, 52, 70, 71, 72, 74 
p, 75 bis, 80 p, 98, 143, 
145, 162 bis, 163, 196, 
197 bis, 198, 199, 200, 
201 bis, 202, 206, 210, 
223 bis, 224, 228 bis, 
233 p, 234, 239, 240. 

Waicot, 5. 

Walkingtdn, 194. 

Walles, 148. 

Walton, 74, 83, 143, 145, 
152 bis. 

Warley, 50, 148, 145. 



Warmefeld, 143, 145. 
Warmsworth, 148 bis. 
Warren House. 210. 
Warrington, 125, 126. 
Washburn Place, 282 bis. 
Water Hall, 45, 163, 164 

bis, 210. 
Waterloo, 235. 
Water Royd Lane, 209. 
Wath, 148 bis, 221. 
Wekeleye, 93. 
Wellhouse, 66, 68, 200, 

207, 209 
Wenning, R., 137. 
Wensley, 29. 
Wensleydale, 30, 173, 

175. 
Wentworth, 26, 148. 
Wentworth House, 43. 
Westbretton, 89, 146. 
Westchestre, 78. 
West Ella, 163. 
Westgate, 42, 96. 
Westhalton, 49. 
Westhaye, 89, 93, 97, 98, 

99. 
Westhonse, 137. 
West Mills, 210. 
West Oxe Pasture, 92. 
Weston, 147. 
West Strodes, 99. 
Westwike, 147. 
Wetecroft, 87. 
Wethercote, 135. 
Wetherby, 27, 28, 47, 

147. 
Whalley, 78, 152. 
Wharfe, R., 1. 
Wheat-hey, 148. 
Wheatley, 22, 176. 
Wheldall, 146. 
Whernside, 137. 
Whetlye, 146. 
Whiston, 25 bis, 148, 220 
Whitby, 153, 158, 228 p, 

229 bis, 230 bis. 
Whitecross, 156, 157, 

158. 
Whitehaven, 125. 
Whitgyfte, 146. 
Whitley, 94, 145, 191, 

206, 207 bis, 210. 
Whittington, 73. 
Whitwood, 143, 145. 
Whorlton, 230. 



Whyxley. 147. 

Wibsey Chapel, 194 bis, 

285. 
WighiU, 191. 
Wigles worth, 49. 
Wigton, 144, 200. 
Wigtwisle, 220. 
Wike, 28, 49, 66, 68, 143 

bis, 144, 145. 
Willoughby, 47. 
Wimbleton, 223. 
Windy Bank, 210. 
Winwick, 71. 
Wifitow, 144. 
Wodersley, 143. 
Wodesom, 143. 
Wolley. 89, 90, 146. 
Wombewell, 148. 
Woodchurch, 78, 79, 80. 
Woodhouse, 160. 
Woodkirk, 81. 195. 
Woodlane, 209. 
Woodlesford, 41, 76. 
Wooley Park, 41. 
Worcester, 120. 
Wornesloy, 146. 
Wortley. 6, 53] 119, 143, 

146, 191. \ 
Wospurne, 147 A 
Wrangbrooke, 1U6. 
WroseBank, 2] 
Wyokham, 85. 
Wyghton, 147. 
Wygylsworth, 149)i 
Wykerley, 145, 147, 148. 
Wyntercett, 147. 
Wytwell Hall, 219. I 

Yarme, 193. 

Yeadon, 143, 240 p. 

Yew Tree, 135, 210. 

Yordas Cave, 137. 

York, 5, 7, 11, 18 bis, J 
22, 24 bis, 26 bis, 23 
29, 32. 33, 34, 35, 36\ 
37, 39 p, 41, 42, 43, 
46, 52, 53, 121, 122, 
132, 181 bis, 182, 184, 
186 p, 192. 193 p, 194 
p, 197, 198, 203, 212, 
218, 220, 227 p, 228, 
230, 231 bis, 232 p, 
234, 235. 



T. Harriion, Printer, Bookbinder, Ac., Queen Street, Bingiey. 




/IS G*+sUo (O-Jt-^j CZZ^GL 





^Ut^^^f^4t/t 



Sulk-fait Inurnal: 

With Notes Comical and Dialectic. 



THIRTY ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Edited by J. HORSFALL TURNER, 
Idel, Bradford. 



Vol. I. 



$)rinteb for ilj* ©Mtor 

By T. Harrison, Queen Street, Bingley. 

1888. 



T'-V.:.-. ' . 

63796 






\i 







Mother Shipton 1, 81, 82. 

Witches — Hares, Broom- 
sticks 2, 25, 98, 94, 209. 
Spiders - - - 2, 22. 
Charms — Sore Mouth - 21. 
Potato ... 48. 
Kincough - - - 282. 
Selling Warts - - 2, 21. 
Robin Hood Gravestone 2. 
Haunted Houses, 2, 22, 88, 45, 
70, 286. 
Holy Wells 8,120,191,194, 
196, 200. 
Children's Games 8, 22, 45, 
46, 214. 
Prophet Wroe 5, 6, 7, 17, 210. 
Anecdotes 8, 67, 69, 78, 91, 
99, 167, 215, 225. 
Popular errors : 
Cromwells - - 9. 
Romans - - - 73. 
Abbotside - - - 9, 25. 
Hardrow Scar (Poem) - 11. 
Poor Man's Bane 12, 78. 
Calder-vale Dialect, 12, 22, 78, 
87, 109, 122. 
Burials in Woollen - 17. 
" Duck " threat - - 21. 
Frxis jingle - - - 21. 
Arkengarthdale - 22, 66. 
Fair Imogene - 22, 45. 
Ballads, 22, 23, 25, 42, 45, 46, 
99, 102, 117, 119, 146, 151, 
165, 170, 180, 183, 184, 186, 
187, 188, 204, 211, 229. 
Christmas Customs, 25, 29, 210. 
York Waits - - 27. 
Wassailing - 28, 178. 
Devil's Knell - - 29. 
Boiling Ghost - - 88. 



Superstitions 48, 45, 88, 96, 
98, 229. 
G. Daniel's Poem - 45. 

York Minster Screen (North 

Riding Dialect - - 49. 
Centenarians, 55, 57, 66, 188, 
186, 168, 192, 194, 280. 
Henry Jenkins - 57, 169. 
Strike luck 66. 

Yorkshire Charac^a, 67, 69, 

120, 122, 189, 167, 171, 174, 

207, 208, 222, 228, 225, 240. 
Paper Hall Ghost - 70. 

Lope Hoil - 78. 

Births, &c. - - - 78. 
Darney's Hymn - 74. 

Wife Sales - - 87, 189. 
Aerial Phenomena 88, 92. 

Batley Legend - - 89. 
Dewsbury Legend - 89. 

Tenure Custom - - 91. 
Golden Ball Legend - 94. 
Hull Corporation Arms 104. 
Cruel Unkle Legend - 115. 
Palm Sunday - - 120. 
Tibby Tinkler - 121, 166. 
Yorkshire Bite - 121, 166. 
Local Preachers - 122, 189. 
Peace Egg, F.axterFjm, 127,140. 
Yorkshire Speyks, 181,217,225. 
Clothier's Vain Wife - 186. 
Soothill Legend - - 140. 
Yorkshire PI ace -Name 

Rhymes - 141, 143, 144. 
Robin Hood - 146, 147. 

Whitby FisherLad Ballad, 151. 
Nursery Rhymes - - 152. 
Sprotbro' Hospitality - 166. 
Ribston Song - - 170. 
Hal of Kirklees - - 174. 



Contents — continued. 



Herbert Knowles - 


180 


PAGE. 

,182. 


Yorkshire Wit & Humour 


PAGE 

225 


All Fool's Day - 


- 


185. 


Delivering a Sod - 


281 


Parkin 


- 


186. 


Runswick Charm - 


282. 


Whig and Tory - 


189 


,190. 


Whitby Legend - 


234. 


Gabriel Hounds - 


- 


201. 


York Castle Custom 


284 


Hal of Bradford - 


- 


207. 


Bradford Waits - 


284 


Pyrah the Prophet 


- 


208. 


Horn -blowing 


286. 


Semerwater Legend 


46 


,211. 


Simeon Rayner - 


289 


Burial Customs - 


- 


212. 


Index Nominum - 


241. 


" Stand a York drop' 


' 


214. 


Index Locorum - 


248. 


Mischief Night 




215. 








Simeon Rayner 
Boiling Hall 
Hull Arms 



PAGE. 

Frontispiece. 

- 89.. 

- 105. 



PAGE. 

Witches - - 2,88,209. 
Prophet Wroe's Birthplace, 17. 
Woollen Burial Certificate, 

18, 19. 
Boiling Hall - - 39. 

44 Pity Poor Bradford" - 41. 
A Yorkshire Post - - 67. 
Paper Hall, Bradford - 71. 
Senior the Hermit - 102. 

Hull Seals (6) - - 105. 



Cruel Unkle 
John Phillips, gent. 
Bradford Legend - 
44 Prophet Wroe " 
Typical Yorkshiremen, 22 
Runswick 
Whitby Abbey - 
Bradford Waits - 
Tasker the Grave-digger 
Bentley the Bellman - 



PAGE" 

117. 
192. 
196. 
210. 
2,228. 
232. 
288. 
235. 
240. 
240. 



With Notes Comical and Dialectic. 



Fabricated " Ancient Prediction. (Entitled by popular tra- 
dition — 'Mother Shipton's Prophecy,' published in 1448, 
republished in 1641.) 

" Carriages without horses shall go, 

And accidents fill the world with woe. 

Around the earth thoughts shall fly 

In ttie twinkling of an eye. 

The world upside down shall be, 

And gold be found at the root of a tree. 

Through hills men shall ride, 

And no horse be at his side. 

Under water men shall walk, 

Shall ride, shall sleep, shall talk. 

In the air men shall be seen, 

In white, in black, in green. 

Iron in the water shall float, 

As easy as a wooden boat. 

Gold shall be found and shown 

In a land that's not now known. 

Fire and water shall wonders do, 

England shall at last admit a foe. 

The world to an end shall come 

In eighteen hundred and eighty-one. ,, 

This alleged "prediction" has been published in several 
newspapers, &c, during the past few years, and having very 
strong doubts regarding its authenticity I forwarded a cutting 
of it to Notes and Queries, with the enquiry " Where was it first 
published, and is it considered genuine ? " It appeared in (4th 
8., vol. X., p. 450, Dec. 7, 72,) and replies appeared at page 
502; and vol. XI., pp. 60 and 206, from the Rev. W. W. Skeat, 
Mr. J. C. Cox, Dr. Rimbault, and Mr. Wm. Andrews. The 
answers were to the effect that there were very great doubts 
regarding its authenticity, and that the date 1448 could not be 
correct, as the accounts of " The Life and Prophecies of Mother 
Shipton," generally say that she died in 1661, aged 78, so that 
her birth would be about 1488. However, the matter was com- 
pletely set at rest by the following note by the editor in " Notices 
to Correspondents," at page 855, 4th S., vol. XI., Notes and 
Queiies: — 

Y.F. B 



2 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



Mother Shipton's Prophecies. — Mr. Charles Hindley, of 
Brighton, in a letter to us, has made a clean breast of haying 
fabricated the Prophecy quoted at page 450 of our last volume, 
with some ten others included in his reprint of a chap-book 
version, published in 1862." Simeon Bayneb. 

Witches and Broomsticks. — I have an old Mother Shipton 
chap-book bearing on the title page a woodcut as follows : — 




Can any reader favour me with the origin of the broomstick 
notion ? 

Spiders. — The other day I knocked a spider from my face, 
and a little girl, standing by, remarked, " You are going to have 
a fortune." 

Selling Warts. — My little boy's hands were covered with 
warts a few months ago, and a bottle I got from the doctor 
containing some liquid to rub them, seemed to be ineffective in 
removing them. A neighbour woman seeing the disfigurements 
told the boy to go to her house and sell them. She paid him a 
half-penny," wrapped in paper, and told him to place it carefully 
away till the warts disappeared. In a month his hands were 
clear, and the coin is still wrapped up. Ho has not had one 
since September. This is a fact ; whether the doctor's lotion 
took effect afterwards I cannot say. Mary Stead. 

Robin Hood's Gravestone. — Not only is this old stone sur- 
rounded by high, iron railings, but the top has been also 
protected by iron bars, because the rustics stole into the grounds 
and climbed the rails, to chip a little off the stone as a charm for 
toothache. J.H.T. 

Haunted House. — Mayroid, the old home of the Cockrofts, 
at Hebden Bridge, was formerly reported to be haunted ; and 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. S 

no wonder such statements should arise, if all that Oliver Hey- 
wood and others tell of their debauchery is true. Persons now 
living have heard many unaccountable noises in the roof, but 
my chief object in writing is to report that the knockings have 
ceased since we bored holes in the under-drawing. There is a 
fine coat of arm's over the side door, of the Gockroft family, 
with a Cock for crest. W.H. 

Holy Wells. — A descriptive list of these interesting relics 
will be acceptable. We have accounts of three to hand, viz.: 
Alegar Well, near Kirklees, Holywell at Stainland, and Helliwell, 
in Lightcliffe. Ed. 

Ancient Village Sport. — In the XortJuimptonshire Notes and 
Queries for April, 188$, is a Note which we transcribe as it cor- 
responds with a favourite game now played in Shipley district, 
under the name of A Farmer's Life. My daughter has given 
me the following rendering, retaining the bad grammar : 

Oats, and beans, and barley corn, 
You, nor I, nor any one knows, 
You, nor I, nor any one knows, 
Where oats, and beans, and barley grows. 

First the farmer sows his seed, 
And then he stands, and takes his ease, 
Stamps his foot, and clasps his hand, 
And turns him round to view the land. 

Waiting for a partner ; waiting for a partner, 

Open the ring, and take one in, 

And piok the fairest of the ring. 
Now you're married you must obey, 
You must attend to all I say, 
You must be kind, you must be good, 
And help your wife to chop the wood. 

We make a ring by joining hands, and a boy goes into it, and 
we begin to sing. At the proper time, he picks a girl he likes 
the best. He then kisses the girl, and goes out whilst she 
remains in and picks a boy. Ed. 

"Having been recently invited by the kind Vicar of Eaunds, 
to join the annual Christmas Entertainment of the Eaunds 
Church Choir, I noticed that a very favourite pastime of the 
evening was one which I shall call " Choosing Partners," and 
this I will go on to describe, as being in all probability a sport 
which has come down by tradition from very remote times, and 
possibly has not before been noticed in print. The game is 
played thus. The young men and maidens join hands indis- 
criminately, and form a ring ; within the ring stand a lad and 
bus ; then they all step round the way the sun goes, to a plain 
tune and the following words : — 



4 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

" Does you, or I, or anie one knowe 
Where oates and beanes & barlie growe f 

Where oates and beanes and barlie growe ? 
The farmer comes and sowes ye seede. 
Then he standee and takes hys ease 
Stamps hys foote, and slappes hys hand 
And turnes hym rounde to viewe ye lande." 

During the singing of the two last lines they all disjoin hands, 
stop, and stamp their feet, and clap their hands, and turn right 
round — all in time and tune ; and then join hands again, and 
proceed:— 

" Waiting for a partner 
Waiting for a partner 
Open the ringe and take mee in 
Make haste and choose your partner." 

The two in the middle here choose each of them a partner of 
the opposite sex out of the ring, which they do by pointing to 
the one chosen ; then they continue the dance round to the 
words below, the two pairs of partners crossing hands, — first 
right and then left, — and revolving opposite ways alternately. 
The march round is temporarily suspended for choosing part- 
ners : — 

" Now you're married you must obey 
Must bee true to alle you saye 
Must bee kinde and verie goode 
And helpe your wyfe to choppe ye woode." 

The partners then salute — or rather each lad kisses his 
chosen lass, with the proper amount of reluctance on her part, 
and the first two partners go out ; the game continues as before, 
being repeated ad infinitum; until every one in the ring has 
chosen, and been chosen ; and consequently every lad has 
saluted every lass, which is lovely. 

The antiquity of the pastime is evidenced by its not mention- 
ing wheat; wheat was in remote times an exceptional crop. 
The village people lived on oatmeal, and barley bread, and 
were none the less strong and happy for that. 

It also, possibly, points to a period when most of the land 
lay in grass. Portions of the open fields were cultivated in 
turn, and after a few years of merciless cropping were laid down 
again to recuperate. 

The advent of a young bachelor farmer to a parish would 
cause a flutter among the girls ; and in the winter time when 
this eligible individual had nothing to do but walk over his 
land and slap his hands to keep them warm, then was the time 
to choose a partner to grace his lonely hearth and warm his 
heart. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 5 

One good joke to be noticed is the ignorance calmly professed 
by each maiden, and recognised as the correct thing, as to the 
whereabouts of the farm in question. " Do yon or I or anyone 
know?'* No, of coarse we don't know, who ever thought we 
did? 

When, at length, the farmer's heart has been entangled, and 
the knot securely tied by the good Priest of St. Peter's ; then 
the triumphant Baunds damsel, in secure possession of the 
ring, quite forgetful of the marriage service, proceeds to say or 



" Now you're married you must obey," &c. &c. 

" Helping to chop the wood " recalls the time when coal was 
not known as fuel. 

There are many other local village pastimes still existing 
with quaint rhymes attached to them, which ought to be pre- 
served from possible extinction by being recorded in " N.N. & Q." 

Will your readers say whether they have met with " Choosing 
Partners," or other sports of a like kind ? 

I am indebted for the correct words of the above to a Baunds 
maiden, Miss Bertha Finding, a native of the village, who 
kindly wrote them down for me. Bob. S. Baker. 

Hargreave. Hon. Local Sec. of the Soc. Antiquaries, London. 

The same game is played at the school feast at Maxey ; but 
the words, as I have taken them down, vary from those given 
above. We have no mention of any crop except barley, which 
18 largely grown in the district ; and the refrain, repeated after 
the second and sixth lines, is 

" Waiting for the harvest." 

A lady suggested to me that the two first lines of the conclu- 
sion are addressed to the bride of the game ; and the two last, 
which in our version run 

"You must be kind and very good," 
apply to the happy swain. Ed., N. N. & Q. 



Pbopbet Wboe. — The following is a copy of a placard in my 
possession which was posted in this neighbourhood fifty years 
ago, and will, no doubt, be interesting to your readers ; — 

The public are respectfully informed 

that 

John Wboe, 

will be 

Publicly Baptised 

in the Biver Aire, 

near Idle Thorpe, 

At half-past one o'clock 

on Sunday, the 29th day of the 2nd month, 1824, 



8 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

TAKE NOTICE 
to facilitate said parties in their search for proof, I do hereby 
agree to furnish them with my Public writings for the past 8 
years, and furthermore, I will agree to be examined Mentally, 
before any number of Clergymen of the Church of England, or 
be examined Physically by any number of Doctors, or Morally 
by any number of Lawyers. 
Given under my Hand this 25th day of April, 1861, in Wakefield, 

DANIEL MILTON. 

Copy of a letter from Lawyer Barratt, to the parties that I have 
hired the field from to Lecture in, and to expose a most Gigan- 
tic and Outrageous Swindling Company : 

" I do hereby give you and each of you Notice that every 
person who shall knowingly permit or suffer any congregation 
or assembly for Beligious Worship of Protestants to meet in 
any place occupied by him until the same shall have been certi- 
fied as required by Law, shall forfeit not exceeding Twenty 
Pounds. You are therefore hereby required to take Notice that 
if you permit any person or persons or any congregation or 
assembly to meet in or on your premises on Sunday next, or at 
any other time for the purpose aforesaid, proceedings will be 
taken against you to recover the said forfeiture." 
Dated this Nineteenth day of April, 1861. 

Yours &c, 

B. BABBATT, 
Attorney at Law, Wakefield. 
To Jane Bamsden, Thos. Bamsden, 1 
and each of them. ) 

W. B. Hall, Machine Printer, Free Press Office, Wakefield. 

CW. 



Anecdotes. — In the early days of Moravianism in Yorkshire, 
1742, a German Preacher was sent to Gomersall, bnt, being 
overtaken by darkness, managed to slide down one of the top- 
shafts, or surface coal pits, on Hartshead Moor, where he was 
fortunately discovered next morning by a collier, who hearing 
a call, looked down, and heard the marvellous question, " Is 
this the way to Gomersall ? " the only words of English the 
foreigner had been taught. 

A Bradford girl of tender years, hearing the Coffee Tavern 
movement highly praised, expressed a strong desire to go into 
a Toffee Cavern. 

The Bev. Canon Hulbert being shewn Tillotson's Sermons, 
three folio volumes, chained to the Communion Table at Lyd- 
gate Unitarian Chapel, Holmfirth, where David Clarkson's 
Works had formerly kept them company, expressed his earnest 



YOBKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 9 

desire they should be released from their captivity and elevated 
to the Pulpit. Well done! 

Mr. Slugg's Woodhouse Grove School records an instance of 
juvenile revolt. A boy had seen the porridge ladle in the « swill* 
tab. All vowed they would touch no more porridge until they 
had taught the governor their sense of indignation. Most of 
the boys refused their porridge morning, noon, night ; but next 
morning, when they should have joined in the Lord's Prayer, 
they were mute, except in responding to one sentence, which 
they thundered out with more indignation than devotion — 
" Give us this day our daily bread." 

Cbomwells — Thomas and Oliver. — It is amazing to find the 
amount of confusion that obtains regarding these two Gromwells. 
Thomas, to nine-tenths of the people, is a name unknown, and 
his acts are added to those of the more recent Oliver. The 
latter has the credit, like Robin Hood in a former day, of all 
the marvellous feats and wicked pranks of giants. In the 
popular mind, it was Oliver that planted his cannon against 
Bolton, Kirklees, Kirkstall, and all our old abbey ruins, and 
a line or two may be of service to your readers in calling 
attention to the anachronism, that they may rectify this wide- 
spread notion. Y. 

Notes on Township of High Abbotside. — Libraries, News- 
papers, Beading Boom, Booksellers, — nil. Education is under 
control of 3chool Board. New Schools (two), one at Hardrow, 
one at Lunds (Hell Beck Lunds). Curate was formerly school- 
master. The Fawcetts were curates and schoolmasters for 
three generations. The Bev. John Fawoett, the last curate- 
pedagogue, is said to have been the author of many poems, the 
M8. of which is, I believe, in the hands of the Bev. Bichard 
Fawcett. I was fortunate enough to obtain copies of two of 
the poems, said to be the composition of the above reverend 

rtleman, which I enclose. The poems have never, so 
as I am aware, been published in book form, although I 
am given to understand such a thing has been contemplated. 
The Church is new, having been opened in 1880. It was built 
by the Bt. fionble. the Earl of Wharncliffe, who is owner of by 
for the largest portion of the Township ; the villages of Hardrow, 
Sedbusk, Shaw, and Cotterdale being almost wholly his 
property. There are no remarkable epitaphs in the Church 
Yard, but the names most numerous are those of Stuart 
(formerly one of the principal land-owners of the distriot); 
Metcalfe (whose original home was Bear Park, Aysgarth), 
Taylor, Moore, and Johnson ; the latter three do not seem to 
be original natives, but of comparative recent importation. 
Bell, Ineson, and Mason are also very common names in the 



10 YORKSHIBE FOLK-LORE. 

District. Dinsdale was, I believe, the original owner of the 
Simonstone estate, but as a tombstone in memory of George 
Dinsdale, of Simonstone, states — "In the Dale had lived 
and died his forefathers for 800 years. And in him passed 
away the last who made it his dwelling-place, beloved and 
honoured fax as he was known." George Dinsdale's mother 
was a Stuart. There are tombstones to the Stuarts from 1768, 
one signed, Firmadge, Fecit, Leicester, is a most beautiful 
specimen of caligraphy, on a Lias flag, to Guthbert Stuart, 
Esq., of Simonstone, who died in 1768. 

Customs. — Hen Silver at Weddings, spent, with additions, in 
feasting and drinking. 

Begging Collops, i.e. begging slices of bacon on the Monday 
(i.e. Collop-Monday) before Shrove Tuesday. This custom 
is almost extinct. 

Barring Out the Schoolmaster on the 5th of November,* is still 
encouraged by the elders as it was by their forefathers. 

Peace-egging or Mumming at Xmas. 

The Church bell is rung at 8 a.m. each Sunday to inform the 
people there will be Morning Service, and at 4 p.m. to in- 
form them there will be Evening Service. 

Words, &c. — Bad with you, injurious or detrimental to you. 

Good with you, beneficial or of service to you. 

Thummel tea bo, the ball of the big toe. 

Formel, to order for any person what he or she might require 
from a shop, &c, i.e. to forward. 

Garth, a small field, as Mill Garth, the field in which the mill 
either stands or stood. 

Scar, a waterfall, as " Hardrow Scar." 

Fobs, fors, or force, a waterfall, as Colter Force, Aysgarth 
Force. 

Ghyl, a ravine, as Shaw Ghyl, Hell Ghyl. 

Beck, a small river or beck. 

Sett, against : — generally a village set against or opposite to a 
hill, as Burtersett, Countersett, Appersett. 

Ware, to spend. 

Gan, to go, 

Gane, gone. 

Lile, little. 

Car, care. Hardrow, Aug. 25, 1885. 

[Our friend has omitted to mention that grand sight of some 
winters back, when Hardrow-force was one mass of ice. Photo* 
graphs were taken of it.] 

• This was (and slightly lingers still,) the custom in various parts of York- 
shire on Shrore Tuesday, at 11 1 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 11 

HARDROW SCAR. 
A Descriptive Poem by Rev. J. Fawcett. 



While modern bards depict the scenes of war, 

The rival muse resorts to Hardrow Scar, 

A strange hiatus formed in nature's mould, 

A striking portrait wondrous to behold. 

On first approaching this romantic place. 

Majestic rocks the op'ning prospect grace, 

A humble cottage at the foot appears, 

Above, a towering hill its summit rears. 

A scene of grandeur meets the ravished eye, 

Here rocks impend, there moss-grown fragments lie, 

While round the top or elms or ashes grow, 

And form an ombre o'er the gulf below. 

Amidst the rocks, and near the centre, stands 

A curious pile as if composed with hands ; 

Ingenious nature here displays a part 

That seems to rival all the traits of art. 

Yet what excites our wonder most of all 

Is the renowned Cascade — the water-fall. 

When low the river, and the day is bright, 

The stream descending forms a brilliant sight ; 

A thousand colours beauteously display 

The various power of Sol's reflective ray, 

While o'er the top a pond'rous rock impends 

In awful grandeur, as the stream descends ; 

But if incessant rains have swelled the rills 

That pour spontaneous from the neighbouring hills, 

And these united in one common course 

Rush down the precipice with rapid force, 

From the deep gulf the raging flood recoils 

And hideous, roaring, like Cb&rybdis boils. 

The gazing trav'ller, with uplifted hands, 

In dread amazement at a distance stands, 

8truck with the scene he contemplates it o'er, 

And tries the work of nature to explore ; 

Then tired, at last, he quits his nice surveys 

And on the Scar betows his meed of praise. 



12 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

The Poob Man's Bane and Antidote. 

Poverty, begone ! thou dread source of my care, 
Thou parent of sorrow and nurse of despair ; 
Through thee life's a portion embittered with gall 
I trust there's a Providence careth for all. 

I find with regret the old adage too true — 
When Fortune deserts us our friends are but few, 
Yet blessed with content, though my pittance is small, 
I know there's a Providence careth for all. 

To numberless ills so [oft subject] * are we, 
From suffering and sorrow no mortal is free. 
Distress was entailed on our race through the fall 
Yet still the same Providence careth for ail. 

What though I am plunged in misfortune and woe, 
And mis'ry and want are my portion below, 
Joy beams on my soul which no grief can appal 
From the trust that a Providence careth for all. 

Then why should I fret and in anguish despair, 
Since man still is Heaven's peculiar oare, 
This anchor of hope shall my spirit console 
A firm trust that a Providence careth for all. per J.G. 
• Obnoxious, in copy. 



Yorkshire lialetts. 



Each of the numerous Yorkshire valleys has its own peculiar 
words and modes of pronunciation ; nay, there is frequently a 
marked difference on opposite sides of a valley, and between the 
dwellers in the upper and lower dales. By the aid of oar 
philological friends, we hope to register the dialectic peculiar- 
ities of each district ; and we commence with a list compiled a 
dozen or twenty years ago of words and pronunciations common 
to Galder Yale, from the source of the river to Wakefield. It 
need scarcely be added that omissions— few or many — will be 
thankfully inserted as supplied. Some of the words are recog- 
nized as good English, and found almost throughout the country, 
but we give the list in its entirety. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOREL 18 

Aaae-verae, a ' spell ' on a house, to prevent its being burnt, or 

to keep off witchcraft. 
Aboon, above, more than. 
Abaht, about. 
Abide, tolerate. 
Ackerons, ackerils, acorns. 

Addle, to earn ; addlins, earnings. " Savin' 's gooid addlin'." 
Afore, before. 

Agate'ards, to accompany part of the way. 
Agait, get agate, begin. 

Agate, annoying; "Agate o' sumdy," (somebody.) 
Ah, oi, I ; ah-ther-say, I dare say. 
Aht, out ; ahted, put out ; ahtin, outing or excursion ; aht o' 

t'gate, out of the way, or dead. 
Ait, eat ; Saxon aete. 
Aight, ought, or owed; "handed down to us by our Saxon 

ancestors." Watson's Halifax. 
Akst, banns of marriage published. 

Aks, ax, ask, from acsian. Used by Chaucer and other writers. 
Alegar (Elliker) Well, near Kirklees, a noted < holy well." 
Aleker, elliker, vinegar. 

Alehoof, ground ivy, used in brewing, formerly. 
Amang, among ; Saxon gemang. 
Ample, a corruption of amble. 
A nod glass, a nuther, a nahnce ; an odd glass, an other, an 

ounce. 
All-hallow-tide, All Saints' day, November 1st. 
All aht, entirely ; all nowt, nothing ; all ta nowt, 
Alley, passage, also aisle. 

All theare, self-possessed ; not all theare, short of intellect. 
Anent, opposite ; we hear " opposite anent " ; sometimes 

" ower anent." 
Apprun, apprum, apron. 
Ammut, am not. 
Arr, vicious, as, arr toad. 
Arless, an earnest penny. (Watson's Halifax.) 
A-e, though now considered a vulgar and indecent word, is 

frequently used without any intention of being indecent. 

It is found in old writings, particularly ballads. Saxon, 

breach or fundament. 
[Cart- a-e] behind a cart, tied behind a cart. 
Ar-e-smart, water pepper-plant. 
Arran, a spider ; Latin. 
Arrandweb, spider's web. 
Arrant, downright, monstrous, arrant rogue. 
ABsart, to grub roots up, land cleared of roots. 
Ask, keen, piercing, as, an ask mruh 
Asteead, instead. 



14 YOBKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 

Askerd, " dry askerd," a land lizard ; " watter askerd," a newt. 

Ass, ashes, cinders. 

Assemever, how-so-ever, however. 

" Tremmle, (tremble) like an aspin leaf," trembling poplar. 

At, t/tat : probably a Danish habit. 

Aumery, a provision cupboard. 

An-all, also ; but really is and all ; l him an-all " means " him 

also." 
Aumust, almost. 

Awand, a warrant, as, I'll awand tliee. 
Awms-haases, owms-hahses, alms-houses. 
Awf, elf; also a sly fellow. " Awf- Houses " in Hipperholme, 

"Half," or "Elf"? 
Awther, ayther, either. Saxon awther. 
Anparcy, and parcel, &o. " x, y, z, and parcel, goa ta bed." 
Arridge, edge or ridge, in front of the horse shoe. 
Arvil-cake, bread given to poor people at funerals. Now a 

Savoy biscuit is given. 
At-after, afterward. 
Assoyl, absolve. On a gravestone found in Ilkley Church. 

Obsolete. 
Avver-breead, oat-cake. 
Awfish, sickly, neither ill nor well ; half-ish. 
Aye, eea, ah ; yes. 
Aye Marry, Ave Mary, Hail Mary ! yes, surely. 

B thru a bull fooit, one who does not know the alphabet ; an 

illiterate. 
Baarns, children. Saxon-baeran, to bear. 

" The blissful Barne that bought us on the rode." [ Cross.] 

Shakespeare and other old writers use it. 
Bang-full, bank-full, brim-full. 
Balack-handed, left-handed, gauchy. 
Bahn, going. Where are ta balm * |Tm bahn to go, I am 

going away.] 
Bain, near, convenient. (Watson). 
Bat, bundle of straw. " The straw of two wheat-sheaves." 

(Watson.) 
Bat, speed, to go at a great bat. 
Bat, a knock on the head. 
Bad, a cricketer's bat. 
Bawson, ugly, brutish fellow. 
Bauk, a beam, joist. 
Bauk, to disappoint, disappointment. 
Badger, flour-dealer. 
Baarly, barly, a truce when boys are* at play; "parley;" 

"by your leave." 
Bas, a doormat. German — ajruslu 
Beade, a prayer ; obsolete. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 15 

Beck, a brook. Scandinavian — a small stream. 

Beass, beasts, cows. 

" Begin at t'beginnin,' like t'clark o* Beeston." 

Beest, firstjnilk after the cow has calved. It was formerly 

distributed among the customers gratuitously, and a rich 

Yorkshire pudding made from it. 
Bezzlt, drunken, tipsy. 
Bensel, to soundly beat, thrash a person. 
Bene, beneson, blessing. 

Belive, in the evening, quickly, immediately. (Watson.) 
Bell, belling, bellowing. 
Benin, burying, funeral. 

Birk, birch; Saxon-berc, "Birk-hill," "American birk." 
Bildering, levelling the ground, breaking the clouds ; billing. 
Bid, to invite ; bid to burying. 
Bigging, a building; big, to build. (Watson.) 
Blags, blackberries, fruit of bramble, one of the sweetest of 
fruits, and makes a delicious preserve. "Bumblekites," N.R.Y. 
Blade, slang term for a sharp, cutting fellow. 
Bleared, besmeared, sticky substance; "bleared to th' een." 
Blether, bladder : " as a full bleddere," Piers Plowman, 1890. 

Welsh, dd and th often interchange. 
Blether-eead, a wrong head, an empty head ; like a bladder. 
Blether, blethered, blethering, roared, wept. 
Bluthered, bellowed, roared, wept. 
Blink, evade. 

Bloke, a name of contempt applied to persons. 
Boadle, half-farthing. We were well pleased formerly if we got 

a boadle-worth of spice, [sweets.] 
Boken, nauseate, inclination to vomit. 
Bother, trouble. 
Bonny, beautiful. 
Bosm, bosom. Saxon-bosm. 

Botch, a novice at workmanship, a jobber, but not a cow-jobber. 
Boggard, ghost, common to Northern languages. "Be not 

afraid of the bugs (terrors, evil spirits) by night." One 

scarcely dare stir out on dark nights before gas lights were 

common for fear of boggards. 
Boh, to frighten; "Boh, son of Odin." — Fosbroke. 
Bolster, bowster drawer, pillow-case, pillow-beer. 
Bolster, a boy against whom another places his head at the 

game " Ships." 
Brackle, broken, unsettled; " brackle weather." 
Brackens, fern. Used still for bedding for cattle during winter, 

instead of straw. 
Brah, brow, bank of a hill. ? Brea in Over Brea. 
Braidy, foolish. (Watson.) 
Bran-new, brand new, burnt new, quite new. * 



16 YORKSHIBE FOLK-LOBE. 

Brake, broken. 

Brag, boasting. 

Brades, resembles, acts like. 

Brat, a pinafore, coarse apron. Used by Chaucer. * Brat '-ft 

child, is seldom used in Calder Vale. 
Breet, bright; Saxon-breoht. 
Brander, Brandrith, an iron, over the fire place, to set a vessel 

upon. Also an iron frame on which Yorkshire puddings 

are baked. 
Bray, to beat, to pound, to hammer, to break. 
Brig, bridge; Saxon-brig, "Brighus for Brighouse, Brigg, 

Briggs." Used by old writers. 
Briggs, a two-forked branch of a tree, similar to Y, placed 

across the brewing tub, on which was placed the hop-seive, 

and all the liquor ' strained ' through it. Recent legislation 

on ' home brewing * will render this description necessary 

for the next generation. 
Brocks, old name for badgers or pates ; used by the Bev. Oliver 

Heywood. 
Brocks, cuckoo spit, an insect. " Sweat like a brick, 1 ' properly, 

" Sweat like a brock." the little fly which envelopes itself 

in ' spit ' for self-defence, found by thousands on the grass 

on road sides in spring. The spit is locally called " cuckoo 

spit." 
Brief, a funeral club. Probably the name is derived from the 

briefs granted by magistrates authorizing collections in 

places of worship for persons &c, suffering from fires, ship* 

wrecks, floods, before the days of Insurance Societies. 
Bridle sty, a road for horses but not for vehicles. 
Breward, braward, the rim of a hat. 

Broached, broiched, a spire steeple, (Watson) ; tapping a barrel. 
Brust, burst. 
Bukth, bulkth, great size. 
Bun, bound, bond. 
Bur, to stop a boy's marble ; to put a block or stone behind a 

cartwheel ; to prop, as a bur-wall ; to burrow ; a rabbit's 

bur. 
Buck-hummer, used as an invective ; " Go to Buck-hummer, 

where there's nother winter nor sunagner." 
Butty, partnership, rendering mutu&Hielp, often surreptitiously. 
Butter and Cheese, the tender leaves of the thorn. Some 

children are fond of eating them. 
Butts, abuttals, (French^, boundaries. Used also as a verb. 

Also for the place where archers met to shoot at a mark. 
Buokstick, a smart or brave fellow. 
By, in place names, is found at Sowerby. Danish. 
Byerlaw, by-law, b6rough-laws. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 



17 



Pbophst Wbob. — Bonks, in his "Walks in Yorkshire,'* 
records that Wroe's house at Wrenthorpe was broken into by 
burglars in 1842, and in consequence of false statements, made 
by Wroe's son, daughter, and servant, three innocent persons 
were transported for ten years but released at the end of five 
years, as it had been discovered to be the work of others, and 
the servant declared she had given her statements under com- 
pulsion. The three convicts returned home to find their homes 
ruined. Prophet Wroe's mansion, otherwise Melbourne House, 
was built in 1866-7, at a cost of £9,000. It is two storeys 
high, Doric in style, and has a frontage of about ninety feet 
toward Wakefield. This temple for the Israelites was left' by 
his will to his grandchildren. The old house at Bowling, 
where the prophet was born, is still standing, and we give an 
excellent sketch of it made by Mr. W. Scruton. 




Wroe began his mission in 1822, issued his Southcottian 
writings about 1828 ; travelled in Spain, Italy, Germany, Scot- 
land and Wales ; was mobbed in Bradford and Ashton-under- 
Lyne in 1881, settled in and near Wakefield about 1882, visited 
America and Australia — the latter several times, and died at 
Melbourne in that colony, in 1864. 

Burials in Woollen. — Two witnesses were required to 
certify on oath, immediately after any funeral ceremony took 
place, that the deceased person was buried in woollen. Entries 
in our parish registers, referring to this custom, are not in- 
frequent. Generally the woman who " laid out " the body, and 
a relative, took the oath. The following is a copy of the 
printed certificate, 9} inches by 7J, and is worthy of insertion 
in the pages of Y. N. d Q. f because (1) of its great scarcity ; 

T.F. C 



18 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 



(one in the possession of Mr. W. Scruton being the only one I 
have ever seen), (2) it bears a local Bookseller's name, and (8) 
its pictorial embellishments are admonishing if not charming* 
A monument at Otley bears a sculptured alto-relief copy of * 
winding sheet, with the face uncovered. 



of the Parish of 

in the of make Oath, That 

of the Parish of 

in the. of 

lately Deceased, was not put in, wrapt, 
or wound up, 

or Buried, in ant/ Shirt, Shift, Sheet, or 
Shrowd, made or mingled with 

Flax, Hemp, Silk, Hair, Gold or Silver, 
or other than what is made of 

Sheep s Wool only: Nor in any Cojfin 
lined or faced with any Cloth, Stuff, 

or any other thing whatsoever made or 
mingled with Flax, Hemp, Silk, 

Hair, Gold or Silver, or any other 
Material, contrary to the Act of 

Parliament for Burying in Woollen, hut 
Sheep s Wool only. 

Dated the of 

year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, 
Charles the Second, King of England, 
Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender 
of the Faith. And in the year of our 
Lord God, 16 

•Sealed and subscribed by us 
who were present, and Wit- 
nesses to the swearing of 
the abovesaid Affidavit- 



YORKSHIKE FOLK-LORE. 19 




do hereby Certifie, that the Day and Year abovesaid, the said 
came before me, and made such Affidavit as 
is above mentioned, according to the said late Act of 
Parliament, Intituled, An Act for Burying in Woollen. 
Witness my Hand the Day and Year above-written. 
London : printed for John Penrose, Bookseller in Leedes. 



By tlte SO Curl. #., St. 1, c S. — For the encouragement of the 
Woollen Manufactures, and prevention of the exportation of 
money for the importing of linen, it is enacted that no corps 
(sic) of any person shall be buried in any shirt, shift, sheet or 
shroud, or any thing whatsoever made or mingled with flax, 
hemp, silk, hair, gold or silver, &c, in any stuff or thing, other 
than what is made of sheep's wool only ; on pain of £5. 

And all persons in holy orders, deans, parsons, deacons, 
vicars, curates and their substitutes, shall take in account and 
keep a register of every person buried within their respective 
precincts, or in such common burial places as their respective 
parishioners are usually buried ; and one of the relations of the 
party deceased, or other credible person, shall within eight 
days next after the interment, bring an affidavit in writing 
under the hands and seals of two or more witnesses, and under 
the hand of the Magistrate or Officer before whom the same 
was sworn (for which nothing shall be paid), to the minister or 
person, that the said person was not put in, wrapt or wound 
up or buried, in any shirt, shift, sheet or shroud, made or 
mingled with flax, hemp, silk, hair, gold or silver, or other 
than what is made of sheep's wool only ; or in any coffin lined 
or faced with any cloth, stuff, or any other thing made or 
mingled with flax, hemp, &c, or any other material but sheep's 
wool only; And if no relation of the party buried or other 
person shall bring an affidavit as aforesaid, to the parson or 
minister within the time aforesaid, then the goods and chattels 
of the party deceased shall be liable to the said forfeiture of £5, 
to be levied by way of distress and sale thereof, by warrant of 

* This Capital I is adorned with a flowering plant on each side. 



20 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

the chief Magistrate in a town corporate, or any Justice of the 
Peace ; or in default thereof, by like distress and sale of the 
goods of the person in whose house the party died, or of any 
that had a hand in putting such person into any shirt, shift, 
shroud or coffin, contrary to the act, or did order or dispose 
the doing thereof; and in case such person were a servant, and 
died in the family of his master or mistress, the same shall be 
levied on the goods of such master or mistress, and if such per- 
son died in the family of his father or mother, then the same to 
be levied on the goods of such father or mother ; which said 
forfeiture shall be levied, paid and allowed, out of the estate of 
the deceased person before any statute, judgment, debt, legacy, 
or other duty whatsoever. 

The said Affidavit to be made before a Justice of the Peace, 
or Master of Chancery, Mayor, or other Chief Officer of the city, 
borough, corporation, or market Town where the party was 
buried, who shall administer the said oath, and attest the same 
under their hands upon such Affidavit gratis. And if no such 
Affidavit shall be brought to the minister where the party was 
buried within eight days, such Minister shall forthwith give or 
cause notice to be given in writing under his hand to the 
churchwardens or overseers of the poor of such parish, who ' 
shall within eight days after such notice, repair to the chief 
magistrate in a town corporate, if such party was buried there, 
or else to any justice of the peace, who upon the certificate 
thereof from such minister, shall forthwith grant a wan-ant for 
the levying the forfeiture : Half of which forfeitures shall be to 
the poor of the parish where the party shall be buried, and half 
to him that shall sue for the same ; to be recovered by warrant 
of the chief Magistrate or any justice of peace in the city, town 
corporate, or county where such party was buried. 

Then follows a clause setting forth that — If any Minister 
shall neglect to give notice to the churchwardens or overseers 
of the poor, or not give unto them a note or certificate that such 
affidavit was not brought to him within the time limited ; or if 
the churchwardens, or overseers of the poor, shall not within 
eight days after the receipt of such certificate, repair to such 
chief Magistrate or justice of the peace with such certificate and 
demand his warrant thereupon for levying the forfeiture ; and 
if such magistrate or justice of the peace shall neglect his duty 
in not issuing his warrant for levying the same, he shall forfeit 
£5, to be recovered by him that shall sue, with full costs, so as 
the suit be commenced within six months ; one fourth to the 
King, two fourths to the poor of the parish where the offender 
shall dwell, and one fourth to him who shall sue. 

The Minister of every parish to keep a register in which he 
shall keep an account of all burials within his parish, and of all 
affidavits brought to him as aforesaid. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 21 

Provided that no penalty shall be incurred by reason of any 
person that died of the plague. W.6. 

Cubes fob Wabts. — Your note on SeUiny Warts in No. 1, re- 
minds me of a few " Notes " made, Captain Cuttle like, some 
years ago when I heard the cures mentioned: — If you have 
warts that you want to be rid, try some of the following 
remedies, which I have been told are never failing cures. Hell 
them to some one, a friend, and then wrap up the money re- 
ceived, be it a penny or more, and hide it, not looking at it 
again, and you will soon lose your warts ; so my informant, a 
woman, told me, and she had it done, and successfully too, she 
said. Other remedies are — Rub them with raw beef, and then 
bury the beef somewhere, and as the flesh decays so will your 
warts die. Tie a piece of silk round the warts cutting off the 
ends of the silk after tieing : wrap up the ends and lose them, 
and you will soon lose your warts, not knowing how or when : 
so my informant did, (again a woman,) and she lost her warts, 
and never knew how. Bub them with a cinder and then throw 
the cinder over your head. This reminds me of a practice 
we used to perform when I was a boy at school. When we 
found one of these long haired or downy snails, or caterpillars, 
which are generally found in hedge bottoms and which we 
called " Tommy Tailyers," we used to throw them over our 
heads for luck. S.B. 

Our readers will remember the instance of wart-cure by cut- 
ting notches off a stick in Tom Bmwn's Schooldays. Ed. 

A woman here, a noted Methodist, cures warts regularly 
simply by looking at them. The usual advice is " Go to Mrs. — 
and let her look at them." B. 

Cure fob a Sobe Mouth. — A woman was going recently to 
a medical man with her child who had a sore mouth, with a view 
to have it cured, and meeting on the way with an old woman 
whom she knew, told her her errand. The old woman said to 
her go back home, and obtain a live frog and put it into the 
child's mouth ; then pull it out by the legs and the child would 
be cured, and not only that, but ever afterwards, any person 
who might be suffering from a sore mouth might also be cured, 
if her child should blow its breath into the mouth of the person 
so afflicted. S.B. 

Duck. — " The duck will come and lay you if you don't behave," 
was the expression used by a poor woman, whose child would 
not keep quiet when my wife called on her. What is the mean- 
ing of the word " duck "? G. W. 

Botherham. 

Finis.— Who does not remember his wonderful school-boy 
feat of F. for fig, and I. for jig and N. for nigny no ne, I. for 
John the Waterman and S. for Sally Stoney ? and still the 
wonder grew how I. rather than J. should stand for John. 



22 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Arkengarthdale. — A great majority of the Christian names 
of the people here are Scriptural. When I came here, ten 
years ago, I had in the School a Matthew, a Mark, Luke and a 
John. Obadiah, Reuben, and Benjamin are not uncommon 
names. There is a peculiar custom here with regard to the use 
of Christian names — a custom which is even more prevalent in 
the neighbouring dale (Swaledale). An illustration will make 
plain the custom to which I refer : There is a person living in 
the dale named Win. Slack, whose father's name was Andrew. 
. He is almost invariably called Andrew Will. Sometimes three 
and occasionally four Christian names are connected in this 
way, the surname being omitted. In White's " Month in 
Yorks." you will find a reference to this custom. The principal 
Inn in this dale is called the C.B. — the initials it is said of 
Charles Backhouse, the person who discovered lead in the dale 
more than two centuries ago. H.G. 

Prison Bars, or Run-out Scotch. — This is an old game for 
boys, and a great favourite. It was a royal amusement in 1549. 
It seems to have originated with the Scotch depredations. The 
boys take opposite sides, and one of set A runs or ventures out 
as scout, and is followed in hot haste by one of set B, who is 
again followed by one from A, and he is also pursued. The 
first may elude all his opponents and get back safely to his den. 
Any that are caught by opponents, who left the den after they 
departed, are sent to prisons. A's prison is at some distance 
opposite B's den, and B's prison opposite A's den. One of As 
lot can release an imprisoned countryman if he can manage to 
touch him before a B touches the gallant rescuer. The game 
is really up when all are caught save one, or if a den is totally 
abandoned. The enemy leaps over the line, and raises a jubilant 
shout of victory. If tjie armies are face to face the prisons are 
kept in the enemies' dens, and all the skirmishing is between 
the dens, with the greatest latitude commandable. This is 
called " Short Scotch." E.R. 

Shipley. 

Fair Imogene. — Where can I find a poem beginning: "A 
warrior so bold and a maiden so bright " ? M.T. 

Spiders.— It is said to be unlucky to kill spiders. The very 
small spiders we see suspended by a thread of web, are known 
as money-spinners, and are said to betoken good fortune to 
those they visit. I.B. 

What is the Ghost Story of Woodsome Hall ? J.H.I. 

The Bretton Ballad cannot be very old, from the substitu- 
tion of beer for ale, and the common use of gla*$e&, not cups or 
horns. I.B. 

. Obnoxious. — " The Poor Man's Bane and Antidote," page 12, 
should properly be — "To numberless ills vlmoxiou* are we." 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOJtE. 2a 

The word obnoxious has two meanings the older one is "liable/* 
the later one is "disagreeable, repulsive, offensive," &c, and 
any good dictionary will give both forms. I.B. 

Alegab, is not, correctly speaking, vinegar. Alegar was 
formerly made from stale ale, vinegar from wine, or grapes. 
The latter word has been improperly adopted in both cases. I 
can remember when it was otherwise, at least in Manchester. 

LB. 



fjorksljir* Sallabs. 

The following ballad, communicated by the Rev. J. L. Say- 
well, F.R.H.S., F.S.Sc, (London), was written by a lady on 
the occasion of the Duke of Gloucester's visit to Ackworth in 
October, 1828 :— 

" I trust my muse will not refuse 

To celebrate the happy day 
When Gloucester's Duke his court forsook, 

And to the Country hied his way. 

T'was Gantley Hall which first of all 
Received this most illustrious guest ; 

What there befell I cannot tell, 
I must proceed to speak the rest. 

All in the dark to Kippax* Park 

The royal stranger sped amain, 
Perchance that he disliked to see 

On Pomfret's wall, the bloody stain. 

All danger past, arrived at last, 

He finds a noble party there, 
The welcome said, the board is spread 

With fish, and soup, and viands rare. 

And fowl and game, both wild and tame, 

Were all in tasteful plenty given, 
And fruit so fine, and choicest wine 

From every country under heaven. 

Each day and night, with rapid flight 

In gay succession sunk and rose ; 
The time is flown the Duke is gone, 

I must pursue him as he goes. 



Jm!* objeet of the Duke's visit, was to stand sponsor to the twelfth child 
of Thomas Davidson Bland, Esq., of Kippax. 



24 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

A friendly call at Hundhill* Hall 

Impedes him in bis hasty coarse ; 
He there would stay the Sabbath day, 
• That day of rest for man and horse. 

Then in the morn to Ghurchf he's borne, 

But not in car of royal state ; 
To lay aside all thoughts of pride, 

Full well becomes the rich and great. 

The Rector's]: seat, as (h)is most meet, 
Receives him with a train of friends ; 

The bells have rung, the hymn is sung ; 
The congregation mute attends. 

" God save the King," or some such thing, 

Is sung with ready glee and art ; 
Then out they pour forth from the door, 

And for the Quaker's school depart. § 

All in amaze, with steady gaze, 

The assembled crowd astonished stare, 

Take a last look at Gloucester's Duke, 
Then to their several homes repair. 

The school is seen,§ so neat and clean ; 

The boys and girls prepare to eat ; 
The dinner brought, the grace is thought, || 

Who would not relish such a treat ? 

The meal is done, the clock strikes one, 

The noble party onward passed ; 
T'was pleasure all at Hundhill Hall 

That even, but it was the last. 

The noble guest awakes from rest, 

And takes his leave with grief so true ; 
The coach and four are at the door 
. Adieu, Adieu, Adieu, Adieu ! " 

The caJigraphy of the original MS is very obscure, and al- 
though several hiati are apparent, the rhyme is a good specimen 
of the Yorkshire ballad. 

* The residence of Mrs. Bland, mother of T. D. Bland, Esq., and two or 
three unmarried daughters. It was said that she had been kind to the Duke 
when he was a young officer in the army, hence his intimacy with the family 
J.L.S. 

t Ackworth Church. J Rev. W. R. Hay, M.A. 

{ The writer's chronology is doubtful. The visit to Ackworth 8ehool took 
place on Monday morning, the festivities on Monday evening, and the depar- 
ture on Tuesday Morning. 

i| After the manner of the Quakers. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 25 

In the Ballad— " The History of Sir John Elland of Eland, 
and his Antagonists," given in " Whitaker's History of Leeds," 
one Verse has been omitted. The ballad as given in " Watson's 
Halifax " consists of 124 verses, but Whitaker has only given 
128, having omitted verse no. 116 which is as follows : — 

" And then they slew him out of hand, 

Dispatch'd him of his pain ; 
The late death of their Lord Eland 

Inforced them certain." 

It will perhaps be as well to give the 115th verse in order to 
understand the above. 

" When Eland men returned home 

Thro Aneley Wood that day, 
Then they found Quarmby laid alone, 
Scarce dead, as some men say." 

Batlbt. W. Colbeck Dyson, F.S.A. (Scot). 

Witches axd Broomsticks (vol. 1, p. 2). — Perhaps the follow- 
ing remarks will not be unacceptable to your correspondent : — 
The notorious besom or broomstick is an instrument in the 
operations of witchcraft common to all the Aryan nations. 
According to the " Asiatic Register," for 1801, the Eastern, as 
well as the European witches, "practice (sic) their spells by 
dancing at midnight, and the principal instrument they use on 
such occasions is a broom." It is regarded as " a type of the 
winds, and therefore an appropriate utensil in the hands of the 
witches, who are wind makers and workers in that element." 
Traditions, Superstitions, and Folk-Lore, by C. Hardwick, 1872, 
p. 116. F. C. Bibkbeck Terry. 

Notes on Township of High Abbotside, (vol. 1, p. 9). — The 
explanation of " formel" given by your correspondent is incorrect. 
The word has nothing at all to do with " forward," but is from 
the A. 8. "fur-mtBl,"an agreement, a treaty, &c; hence the verb 
means to bespeak, order, &c. Again, " Scar " never means a 
"waterfall," but a rock from Icelandic "sker," isolated rook, 
and is cognate with " share." " Sett " has nothing to do with 
the meaning of " against," but probably means " seat," " settle- 
ment," " possession." 

It may be as well to mention that Hardraw Force was frozen 
in January, 1881, an event, I believe, which had never occured 
since the great frost of 1789-40. F. C. Bibkbeck Terry. 

Christmas Observances at York in the Olden Time. — The 
ceremony of " the Sheriff's riding " used to be one of the greatest 
observances in the city of York, but. is now discontinued. The 
riding day was usually on Wednesday, eight days after Martin* 
mas, but they were not strictly tied to that day; any day 
betwixt Martinmas and Christmas would serve for the ceremony. 



26 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

They then appeared on horseback, apparelled in their black 
gowns and velvet tippets. Their horses were in suitable costume, 
and each sheriff carried a white wand in his hand, a badge of 
his office, and there was a servant to lead his horse, who also 
carried a gilded truncheon. Serjeants-at-mace, attorneys, and 
other officers of their court then came on horseback, in their 
gowns, preceded by the city waits in their scarlet liveries and 
silver badges, playing all the way through the streets, one of 
these wearing on his head a red or pink tattered cap or 
badge. They then went at the toll of the bell to Allhallows' 
Kirk, in the Pavement, to hear a mass of St. Thomas. When 
the mass was over, they made a proclamation at the Pillory of 
the Yoole-Girthal in the form that follows : — " yes, &c. We 
command in our liege lord's behalf, the King of England, whom 
God save and keep, that the peace of the King be well kept 
within this city, by night and by day, with all manner of men 
both gentle and simple, &c. Also we command that the bakers 
of the city bake good bread, and that no baker nor huckster 
put to sale any manner of bread, unless that it be sealed with a 
seal delivered from the sheriffs, also that the brewers of the city 
brew good ale and wholesome for man's body, &c. Also that 
all manner of thieves, diceplayers, and all other unthrifty folks 
be welcome to the town, whether they come late cr early, at the 
reverence of the high feast of Yoole, till the twelve days be 
passed.'* After this proclamation, the four sergeants shall go 
and ride whither they will, and one of them shall have a horn 
of brass of the Toolbooth, and the other three sergeants shall 
have each a horn, and so go forth to the four Bars of the city 
and blow the Yoole -girth, &c. The origin of this custom is said 
to be as follows : — " William the Conqueror in the third year 
of his reign (on St. Thomas's day) laid siege to the city of York, 
but finding himself unable either by policy or strength to gain 
it, raised the siege, which he had no sooner done, but by acci- 
dent he met with two Fryers at a place called Skelton not far 
from York, who, being examined, told him they belonged to a 
poor Fryery of St. Peter's in York, and had been to seek relief 
for their Fellows and themselves against Christmas, the one 
having a wallet full of victuals and a shoulder of mutton in his 
hand, with two great cakes hanging about his neck, the other 
having bottles of ale with provisions likewise of beef and mutton 
in his wallet. The King knowing their poverty and condition 
thought they might be serviceable to him towards the attaining 
York, wherefore (being accompanied by Sir George Fothergill,* 
General of the field, a Norman baron), he gave them money and 
promised that if they would let him and his soldiers into their 
Priory at a time appointed he would not only rebuild their 

• Who ever heard of General Fothergill before? Where has the writer got 
his information ? 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 27 

Priory, but endow it likewise with large revenues and ample 
privileges. The Fryers easily consented and the Conqueror as 
soon sent back his army, which that night, according to agree- 
ment, were let into the Fryery by the two Fryers, by which they 
immediately made themselves masters of all York, after which 
Sir Robert Clifford, who was Governor thereof, was so far from 
being blamed by the Conqueror for his stout defence made the 
preceding days that he was highly esteemed and rewarded for 
his valour, being created Lord Clifford, and there knighted with 
the four magistrates then in office, viz. Howngate, Talbott, 
Lassels, and Erringham. The arms of the city of York at that 
time were Argent, a cross Gules, viz. St. George's Cross. The 
Conqueror charged the cross with five lions passant gardant or 
in memory of the five worthy captains magistrates who governed 
the city so well that he afterwards made Sir Robert Clifford 
governor thereof and the other four to aid him in counsel, and 
the better to keep the city in obedience he built two castles and 
double moated them about, and to show the confidence and 
trust he put in these old but new made officers, he offered them 
freely to ask whatsoever they would of him before he went, and 
he would grant their request, wherefore they (abominating the 
treachery of the two Fryers to their eternal infamy) desired that 
on 8t. Thomas's day for ever they might have a Fryer of the 
Priory of St. Peter's to ride through the city on horseback with 
his face to the horse's tail and that in his hand instead of a 
bridle he should have a rope and in the other a shoulder of 
mutton, with one cake hanging on his back, and another on his 
breast, with his face painted like a Jew, and the youths of the 
city to ride with him, and to cry and shout ( Yoole ! Yoole ! ' 
with the officers of the city riding before and making proclam- 
ation that on this day the city was betrayed. Their request 
was granted them, which custom continued till the dissolution 
of the said Fryery and afterwards in imitation of the same the 
young men and artizans of the city on the aforesaid St. 
Thomas's day used to dress up one of their companions like 
the Fryer and call him Yoole, this being done in memory 
of betraying the city by the said Fryers to William the 

Conqueror." 

Thb York City Waits. — On the 1st December, 1571, it was 
ordered and agreed that the common waits of the city of York, 
"for divers good causes and considerations, shall from hence- 
forth use and keep their morning watch with their instruments 
accustomed, every day in the week except only Sundays, and in 
the time of Christmas only, any custom or usage heretofore had 
and used amongst them, or others before them to the contrary, 
notwithstanding." But on the 2nd of February, 1770, another 
order was made, which is read to them on their several appoint- 
ments, as follows : — " You shall be obedient to the Lord Mayor, 



28 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

or his Deputy for the time being, and shall attend and play 
upon such musical instruments as you are best masters of, in 
all service of the Corporation when required by him or his 
Deputy. You shall attend the Sheriffs of this city in their public 
oavalcade to read the proclamation on or about Martinmas, as 
also each Sheriff, on the day he makes an entertainment for the 
Lord Mayor and Aldermen, for which service you shall receive 
from each Sheriff one guinea, but if the Sheriffs, or either of 
them, require your further attendance for the entertainment of 
their friends after the aforesaid days, then you shall be paid as 
such service may deserve. You shall call the city from the 
Monday after Martinmas to the end of February, that is every 
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in the morning, (Fast dayB 
and Christmas week excepted)/' Thos. Haxuy. 

Wassailing. — In nearly all parts of Yorkshire, the week 
after Christmas, children go from house to house with a box 
containing two dolls, one to represent the Virgin Mary and the 
other the child Jesus, and various ornaments. They sing the 
following primitive verses : — 

Here we come a wassailing, 

Among the leaves so green ; 
Here we come a wandering, 

So fair to be seen. 

Uwrwt. — Love and joy come to you, 
And to your wassail too ; 
And God send you a happy new year ; 

A new year ; 
And God send you a happy new year. 
Our wassail cup is made of the rosemary tree, 
So is your beer of the best barley. 

We are not daily beggars 

That beg from door to door, 
But we are neighbours* children, 

Whom you have seen before. 

Call up the butler of this house. 

Put on his golden ring ; 
Bid him bring up a glass of beer, 

The better that we may sing. 

We have got a little purse, 
Made of shining leather skin ; 

We want a little of your money 
To line it well within. 

Bring us out a table, 

And spread the table-cloth ; 
Bring us out a mouldy cheese, 

And some of your Christmas loaf. 



YORKSHIBE FOLK-LOBE. 2fr 

God bless the master of this house, 

Likewise the mispress too ; 
And all the little children, 

That around the table go. 

Good master and mistress, 
While you're sitting by the fire, 

Pray think of us poor children 
Who are wandering in the mire. 

[The following is the Chorus in Calderdale : 

For it is at Christmas time 

Strangers travel far and near, 
So God bless you, and send you 

A happy now year : 
So God bless you, and send you 

A happy new year. 

The Carol was formerly sung on New Year's day only, and 
chiefly by girls, who carried a holly-bush decorated with ribbons 
and dolls, and having apples and oranges suspended from the 
branches. The jingle ran as follows : 

d-r m-f s-m r- 
s, d-t, d-m r- 
r m-r d-t, d-r Da- 
rn r-t, 1,-t, d.- 

Chorus— 1,-t, d-d d-1, t,- 
d-1, 8,-fe, s,-l, t,- 
s,-l, t,-m-r d-1,- 
d m-d-d-d- 
8,-1, t,-m-r d-1,- 
d m-d-d-d. ] 

Devil's Knell. — At Dewsbury, Yorkshire, it is the custom 
to toll the bells, as at a funeral, every Christmas Eve, which 
ringing is called the " devil's knell/' meaning that the devil 
died when Christ was born. 

Chkistmas Customs. — Christmas has again come round with 
its accompanying customs and feastings. Some of its customs 
we of high antiquity, and very generally diffused. It will, 
perhaps, not be out of place to record them as we find them in 
our day. The history of each custom would form an article of 
itself, so we must confine ourselves to a bare recital of them. 

Our good dames of the olden type are still very anxious to 
stcnre a yule log, which some term a ' unionclog.' The word 
'yule' leads our thoughts back to days of heathenism, and 
reminds us that our Christ's Mass is founded on the ancient 
heathen yule feast. A superstitious notion still obtains, that 
H is unlucky to light a fire either on Christmas or New Year's 



80 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

mornings. Whilst the yule log is blazing, groups of young 
men, and sometimes youpg women, (chiefly composed of 
Sunday Scholars or Chapel Choirs,) sing the well-known 
Christmas Hymn — 

" Christians, awake ! salute the happy morn/' 
To the tune called ' Yorkshire.' They have generally a bass, 
flute, concertina, or harmonium, to play the prelude and 
interlude — 

* " Tom, torn, the roddi diddi, 
Diddi diddi, hey ow om." 
The local brass band is, of course, the chief musical body, and 
plays the same tune. 

We people of Brighouse are apt to think that this hymn and 
tune is common over the wide English world, and nearly as old 
as Christianity ; but the contrary is the fact. By five o'clock 
in the morning, the night carolling has mostly subsided, and 
young boys prowl from door to door to "let Christmas in," 
which they announce in the following strain : — 
" I wish you a merry Christmas, 

And a happy New Year, 
A pocket full of money, 

And a cellar full of beer, 
And a great fat pig 
To kill every year." 
For these good wishes they expect a penny or a half-penny. 
Sometimes either through ignorance or desire to obtain a larger 
donation, they construe this nomeny into — 
" A cellar full of money, 

And a pocket full of beer, 

And two fat pigs 

To kill every year." 

The ridiculous superstition that boys with black hair are the 

lucky ones, still clings to the benighted minds of some persons. 

Breakfast time comes, when the rich Christmas or spice-cake 

is brought out. The carollers and musicians pay their second 

visit, not merely to play 'Yorkshire,' 'The Last Wish/ and 

' Hail, Smiling Morn,' but to receive cash, bread, cheese, and 

beer,— the last-named article to such an extent, sometimes, as 

to drive both music and devotion out of their soul. Breakfast 

being finished, the male part of the family adjourn to the lanes, 

fields, and ponds, to divert themselves with the bracing games 

of foot-ball, skating, sliding, &c; whilst within, the good ladies 

are busily preparing dinner— Christmas dinner, remember !— 

such fare as only comes once a year,— prime roast beef, or it 

* Key D. m. s. f. m. I r. rr. r.m. f.r. I m. m.m. m. r. m.f. 

| Tom torn | Tom torn 

a. 8.8. s. 1. t. d\ j d. d. d. d. r. m. f. I 8. 1. s. f. m. r. d. 

Tom torn | Tom torn | Biddy Diddy 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 31 

may be goose, turkey, &c, &c, and the jolly-looking plum 
padding, and other et cetera* too numerous to mention. Dinner 
over, oat-door games are resumed, or families gather round 
their respective hearths, and spend the afternoon in pleasant 
conversation. Christmas is especially the season of family 
gatherings, — when the absent ones join their family circle, to 
spend a " merry Christmas " at home. Evening brings with it 
an abundance of public and private parties, with their varied 
attractions, from the gay ball to the little ' toffy ' party. This 
is the time for in-door enjoyments, and this evening is perhaps 
the most enjoyable one of the year. During the day, deputies 
from the various trades solicit Christmas boxes (though they 
are not particular about the box, now-a-days, if they only get 
the money) from the firms with whom their firm does business. 
These deputies visit the neighbouring towns, and divide the 
proceeds on their return. 

St. Thomas' Day ( 21st December) was till recently the great 
alms-giving day, and a few years ago each boy and girl that 
went to Crow Nest, Toothill, &c, received a penny. 

The last evening of the year is devoted to mumming, or 
disguising, but its devotees claim a few nights before and after 
the chief night. Boys, and even young men and women, dis- 
guise themselves, blacken their faces, or wear grotesque masks, 
dress in the costume of the opposite sex, and obtain admittance 
to houses mostly by deception. Having entered, they * play the 
nigger,' sing and dance ; but formerly they cleaned the fireirons 
and fender. The fire must be kept in, particularly through the 
last night of the year. " Letting the New Year in," or the 
"first foot," as the Scotch term it, is of more importance than 
Christmas day with many old ladies. It has become common 
at some chapels to hold a * watch night/ or prayer meeting, at 
12 p.m., December 81st. The old people have long been ac- 
customed to sit up and see the New Year in. 

New Year's Day is the proper day for the Wassailers, chiefly 
girls, who sing the ancient ballad — 

44 Here we come a-wassailing 
Among the leaves so green," 
or as some say, 4 amongst the Lucy Green ! ' They, like the 
mummers, see the disadvantage of coming last for the money ; 
bo they have recently begun on Christmas Day, and had a week's 
carolling. The decorated holly-bush has degenerated into a 
decorated herring box. 

Motheb Shipton. — " Carriages shall go without horses," was 
quoted as an old prophecy of Mother Shipton's when I was a 
child, long before the Brighton Bookseller published his fabri- 
cation ; and even then it was a prophecy after the fact, the 
Manchester and Liverpool railway having just been .opened. I 



32 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

have had a copy made of the prophecy preserved in the Percy 
family, and referred to as by Mother S. but it neither bears her 
name, nor has any connection with her. I.B. 

MOTHER ShIPTON'8 LlFE AND CURIOUS PROPHECIES. — VarioUS 

have been the conjectures of mankind in this part of the world 
concerning our famous prophetess. Some have reported her 
father was a famous necromancer, and her mother a witch, so 
she had the Black Art by succession ; others, of a more exalted 
turn, pretend that her mother, being left an orphan about the 
age of sixteen, took a walk into the fields, and sitting down 
upon a green bank, under a shade, to soothe her melancholy, & 
Demon, in the shape of a handsome young man, appeared before 
her, and enquired the cause of her distress ; she answered him 
her parents and friends were dead, and she despaired of a live- 
lihood, upon which, under a pretence of being a person of figure 
and fortune, he gave her to understand, if she would comply 
with his desires, he would preserve her above the reach of want 
as long as she lived ; she readily consented, received him 
into her apartment, and entertained him as a gallant ; in return, 
he bid her sweep the floor once every day after his departure ; 
she punctually observed his directions ; and nover failed finding 
a quantity of ninepences, three pences, and other odd kind of 
pieces sufficient for all her occasions. At length the embraces 
of her infernal gallant produced a pregnancy, and at the time of 
her delivery, such a terrible storm of thunder and lightning ap- 
peared, that houses were beat down, trees shattered, and the 
very features of the child were so warped and distorted, that it 
appeared the very masterpiece of deformity. 

But these, and many other reports of the like nature, are as 
romantic as the fabulous intrigues of the Heathen Gods and 
Goddesses. The genuine account is, she was born in July, 1488, 
in the reign of King Henry 7th, near Enaresborough in the 
County of York ; she was, like the rest of female infants, her 
mother's daughter by a man ; and was baptized by the Abbott 
of Beverley by the name of Ursula Sonthiel ; her stature was 
larger than common, her body crooked, her face frightful, but 
her understanding extraordinary. The vulgar relations of her 
life and actions are equally extravagant with those of her birth 
before-mentioned, but as those legends are so ridiculous and 
trifling, the ingenious reader will excuse us if we pass 'em by, 
and proceed to more probable and authentic information. 

'Tis generally held by most of the first quality and best judg- 
ment in the County, that she was a person of an ordinary 
education, but great piety; and that she was supernaturally 
endowed with an uncommon penetration into things, for which 
she became so famous, in time, that great numbers of all ranks 
and degrees resorted to her habitation to hear her wonderful 
discoveries. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 88 

We find nothing particularly remarkable of her until she ar- 
rived at the age of twenty four years, when she was courted by 
one Toby Shipton, a Builder, of Skiptan, a village situate four 
miles north of the City of York, who soon after married her ; 
and from this match she afterwards derived the name of Mother 
Shipton. After her marriage her fame increased more than 
ever ; the events proved the truth of her Predictions, and many 
began to commit them to writing. 

The first remarkable Prophecy recorded of her's is that upon 
Cardinal WoUey ; the story runs as follows. . She was told the 
Cardinal intended to remove his residence to York (that being 
his Archbishoprick), upon which she publickly gave out "he 
should never reach the city/ 1 This report coming to the Cardi- 
nal's ear, he sent three gentlemen, or lords of his retinue to her 
to enquire the truth of it, and to menace her if she persisted in 
it. These three came disguised to a village, a mile west of the 
eity, called Dring Houses, and leaving their horses they took a 




From an old Mother Shipton Chap-book, 
guide to direct them to her house ; upon their knocking at the 
door 'tis said she called out from within, " Come in Mr. Beasly 
(that being the name of the guide) and the three noble Lords 
with you." This discovery very much surprised them; but 
when they were enter'd she called each by his name, and pre* 
sented 'em with cake and ale. They signified to her, if she knew 
their errand she would hardly treat 'em so handsomely. " You 
gave out," say they, " the Cardinal should never see York." 
"No," she replies, "I said he might see it, but never come to it." 
They return, " When he does come he'll certainly burn thee." 
Then, taking her linen handkerchief off her head, " If this burn," 
says she, '< so shall I ;" and casting it into the fire before 'em, 
she let it lie in the flames a quarter of an hour and taking it 
out again it was not so much as singed ; which very much 
astonished 'em. One of them asked her what she thought of 
him; she answered " The time will come, my Lord, when you 

Y.F-L. D 



84 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

shall be as low as I am, and that is low indeed." This was 
judged to be verified when Thomas Lord Cromwell was beheaded. 

The Cardinal coming to C a wood, ascended the Castle Tower, 
and taking a prospect of the city of York, at eight miles 
distance, he vowed, when he came there he would burn the 
Witch; but e'er he descended the stairs, a message arrived 
from the King to demand his presence forthwith; so he was 
obliged to return directly, and being taken with a violent loose- 
ness at Leicester, he gave up the ghost in his journey, which 
verified the prophecy. 

Several others she delivered to different persons, one of 
which was : — 

"Before *Ouze-Bridge and Trinity Church meet, what is built 
in the day shall fall in the night, till the highest stone in the 
Church be the lowest stone of the Bridge." 

This came to pass ; for the Steeple was blown down by a 
tempest, and the Bridge broke down by a flood occasioned by 
the storm ; and how it came to pass we can't learn, that what 
they built in the day fell down in the night ; but 'tis generally 
asserted it was so ; and it is certain that the top-stone of the 
former Steeple is the foundation stone of that part of the 
Bridge then rebuilt. The second of this kind runs thus: "Time 
shall happen ; a ship shall sail upon the river Thames, till it 
reach the city of London, the master shall weep and cry out, 
Ah ! what a flourishing city was this when I left it, unequalled 
through the world ! but now scarce a house is left to entertain 
us with a Flaggon." This was terribly verified when the city 
was burnt, September, 1666, there being not one house left 
from the Tower to the Temple. 

We now come to the prophecies that occasioned this publi- 
cation, and which appear far to exceed everything of the like 
nature extant. 

A copy of them was lately found amongst other valuable 
manuscripts the property of a gentleman deceased, with this 
title — " A copy of a collection of prophecies delivered to the 
Abbot of Beverley, etc." 

The greatest part of what has been hitherto published under 
the title of " Mother Shipton's Prophecies," plainly appears to 
be no more than imperfect bits and scraps of this collection, 
carried away, perhaps, in the memory of such, as might some- 
time have the opportunity of seeing it in the noble family where 
it was deposited. The whole seems entirely to point at the 
great events that already have happened and yet may happen 
to both Church and State in this and the neighbouring nations. 

Explanation of the different prophecies — 

The first thirty verses seem to relate to the disasters thai 
should befal great part of Europe, during the time of King 

* A large stone Bridge over the River Ouse, within the city of York. 



Y0RE8HIRE FOLK LORE. 35 

Henry 8th, for the 29th and 80th verses terminate in his reign, 
and are the last wherein that reign can be understood to be 
hinted at. 
Verse 29. — " And when the cow shall ride the bull." 
This seems to have been fulfilled when Henry 8th married 
Lady Anna Bullen ; for he, as Duke of Richmond, placed the 
cow in his arms, and the crest of her family was a black bull's 
head. 
Verse 80. — " Then motley priest beware thy skull." 
Presently after the king's marriage, the seizure of Abbey 
Lands, etc., and the dissolution of monasteries ensued ; where- 
by the skull or head-piece of the priesthood (i. e. gain) was 
miserably broken. 
Verse 81. — " For a sweet pious prince make room." 
By this, doubtless, is meant King Edward VI., a part of 
whose character is thus given by the learned Dean Echard, in 
his History of England ; " He was truly just and merciful in 
his disposition ; and took special care of the petitions that were 
given him by the poor and oppressed. But his zeal for religion 
crowned all .the rest; which did not proceed from an angry 
heat, but from a real tenderness of conscience, founded on the 
love of God, and his fellow creatures." 
Verse 82. — "And for the *Kirk prepare a broom." 
This alludes to the beginning of the reformation; when 
many superstitions were swept out of the Church. 
Verse 88. — " Alecto next shall seize the crown." 
Alecto was one of the fabulous furies of the heathen ; whose 
employment was to kindle war and distress mankind. She is 
here placed for Queen Mary I., in whose reign, as alluded 
to in the 84th verse, the blood of the glorious Protestant 
Martyrs was plentifully shed in Smithfield. 
Verses 85 & 86. — "A maiden Queen, full many a year, 

Shall England's warlike scepter bear." 
By these are meant Queen Elizabeth, who reigned 44 years, 
4 months and 6 days, upon whom Andrew Marvel has left the 
following lines : — 

" The other day, said Spencer, I did bring, 
In lofty notes Tudor's bless'd race to sing ; 
How Spain's proud powers her Virgin Arms controulTd, 
And golden days in peaceful order rolTd ; 
How like ripe fruit, she dropp'd from off her throne, 
Full of grey hairs, good deeds, and great renown." 
Verses 87 & 88.—" The Western Monarch's Wooden Horses 
shall be destroyed by a Drake's forces." 

The Western Monarch is supposed to mean the King of 
Spain, whose country lies on the west-side of the Continent, 
and his Wooden Horses, his fleet of ships, or Armada, 

# A North-country word for Church 



86 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

vanquished by the brave Admiral Drake and the rest of the 
Queen's forces, in the year 1588. 
Verses 89 & 40. — " The Northern Lion over Tweed, 

The Maiden Queen shall next succeed." 
The Northern Lion ; i. e., King James I., born in Scotland. 
A Lion is the principal figure in the British Arms; whence 
the King, as the principal person in the realm, metaphorically 
takes the name. 

Verses 41 & 42. — " And join in one, two mighty states, 

Then shall Janus shut his gates." 
The first bears an allusion to the uniting of the two Crowns 
of England and Scotland in one, in the person of King James. 
And the second points out the peaceful reign of that Monarch, 
by shutting the gates of Janus ; who was one of the Hehthen 
Gods, and the gates of whose temple were never shut but in 
time of peace. 

Verses 43 and 44 seem to hint at some great calamities that 
should befall this nation before the deposition of Episcopacy, in 
the reign of the Republican Anarchy, under the usurper Oliver 
Cromwell. 
Verses 46 & 46. — " False Ireland contrives our woe, 

But zealous Scotland .doth not so." 
Doubtless these intended the execrable massacre in Ireland 
in the reign of King Charles I, and the loyalty of the Scotch in 
not joining the Irish rebels but suffering with the English. 
Verses 47, 48, 49 and 50— 

" Bough Mars shall rage as he were *woo'd, 
And earth shall dark'ned be with blood. 
Then will be sacrificed, C 
And not a King in England be." 
This was verified in the time of the grand rebellion, and 
most unnatural civil war, when the nation was torn and 
pillag'd, the laws broken, the constitution overturned, the king 
and monarchy most execrably slain together. 
Verses 51, 52, 58 and 54— 

" But death shall snatch the Wolf away, 
Confusion shall give up the sway, 
And fate to England shall restore 
A King to reign as heretofore." 
If we can guess right, the first of these verses alludes to the 
death of the usurper Oliver Cromwell, who is very properly 
depicted as a Wolf, and the other three to the restoration of 
King Charles the Second. 
Verses 55 <fe 56. — " Triumphant death rides London thro*, 

And men on tops of houses go." 
The first, in all appearance, points out the terrible plague 
that raged in London, a.d. 1665. The second circumstantially 

*Mnd. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 87 

alludes to the fire in the year following ; signifying that people 
should be obliged to run from one house to another, over the 
tops of the houses, to save themselves, and all their effects. 

Verse 57. — " J. R. shall into saddle slide." 

J. B., t. «., James Bex, or King James 2nd, who ascended 
the throne upon the death of King Charles II. 

Verse 58. — " And furiously to Borne shall ride." 

Scarcely was he seated Upon the throne before he went to Mass 
publickly; and by pursuing imprudent and illegal measures, 
was the cause of the verification of Verses 69 and 60 — 
" The Pope shall have a fatal fall, 
And never more distress Whitehall." 

His mis-government led to his abdication, and his son-in- 
law King William, and Queen Mary II, were placed upon his 
throne. 

Verse 61. — " A Queen shall knit both north and south." 

This seems to refer to the union of England and Scotland in 
the reign of Queen Anne. 

Verse 62.— "And take away the Luce's tooth." 

This likewise seems to relate to her extraordinary victories 
over Lewis 14th, King of France ; who, we judge, is intended 
here by the Luce, which by way of allusion, might here be put 
for Fleur de luce ; the arms of that monarchy. 

Verses 68 & 64. — " A Lion-Duce shall after reign 

And of the whiskers clear the main. 

What is meant by the Lion Duce may be matter of amuse- 
ment to the curious ; but as the word Duce sometimes represents 
the number two, so two in this ambiguous phrase may intend 
the familiar word second ; and our present gracious sovereign* 
being the second Lion (or English Monarch) of his name, it is 
far from being unlikely that he may be the Prince here pointed 
out who shall clear the main of the whiskers, which is a 
northern term for mustachioes, and doubtless alludes to the 
Spanish, whose fashion it has been for many centuries past to 
wear them. But as this appears to relate to the present age, 
we leave it to the skilful and ingenious. 

Whether the prophecy of the Lilly be Mother Shipton's or 
no, we can't certainly determine, but as it has been attributed 
to her, and is writ in a peculiar sublimity of sense and style, 
we think it would be very improper to omit it. 

It runs as follows : A curious Prophecy. — The Lilly 6hall re- 
main in a merry world; and he shall be moved against the 
seed of the Lion ; and he shall stand on one side of his country 
with a number of ships. Then shall come the son of man, having 
a fierce Beast in his arms ; whose kingdom is the land of the 
Moon, which is dreaded throughout the whole world. With a 

* The explanation of the above verse was taken from an edition of Mother 
Bhipton'g Prophecies printed in the reign of King George the Second. 



88 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

number of people shall he pass many waters and shall come to 
the Land of the Lion, looking for help of the Beast of his 
country. And an eagle shall come out of the East, spread with 
the Beams of the Son of Man, and shall destroy Castles of the 
Thames ; and there shall be battles among many kingdoms : 
that year shall be the bloody field, and Lilly, F. K. shall lose 
his crown ; and therewith shall be crowned the son of man 

K. W. and the fourth year shall be many battles for the 

and the Son of Man with the Eagle shall be preferred, and 
there shall be an universal peace over the whole world, and 
there shall be plenty of fruits, and then shall he go to the 
land of the cross. 

- Whether the accomplishment of the above prophecy be past 
or to come, we cannot ascertain. It appears to be very deep and 
mysterious; we therefore leave it to persons of profounder 
penetration and superior judgment. 

We are informed, the last prediction of our famous prophetess 
was concerning the time of her own death ; which 'tis said, she 
declared to several who visited her in her advanced age ; and 
when the time approached, she called her friends together, 
advised them well, and took a solemn leave of them, and laying 
herself down on her bed, she departed with much serenity, 
a. d. 1651, being upwards of seventy years of age; after her 
death a monument of stone was erected to her memory in 
the high north-road betwixt the villages of Clifton and Shipton, 
about a mile distant from the city of York. The monument 
represents a woman upon her knees, with her hands closed 
before her, in a praying posture, and stands there to be seen 
to this day. I. B. 

o 

Bolling Hall and its Ghost. — For fully five hundred years 
the storm-beaten walls of this fine old mansion have withstood 
the ravages of time, and to day the ancient fabric is in a 
wonderful state of good preservation, such as few of the monu- 
ments of feudal times in Yorkshire can boast. The architecture 
of the south part of the Hall may be taken as fairly represent- 
ative of the different periods of its history. It would seem to 
have been the work of at least four separate builders, the two 
ancient wings taking us back to the time of the Boilings, 
while the central portion, with its deeply embayed windows, 
and large central window of three tiers, unmistakeably tells of 
the Tudor period— when the Tempests came in— which brought 
with it a more luxurious and domesticated order of things. 
The modern mercantile period is but too faithfully written in 
that piece of vandalism, the bay window next to the entrance 
tower. Our copper-plate illustration,* which shows the south- 
front of the hall, happily does not perpetuate this hideous 

# Part 2. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 



89 



distortion. Of the very few historic relics of which Bradford 
can boast, Boiling Hall is, next to the Parish Church, the 
most interesting. It is a spot " familiar with forgotten years/' 
and the history of " olden times " is written in its very walls. 
The present owners have done everything to render it con- 
venient and comfortable as a place of residence without 
sacrificing its ancient aspect, and the hnll is bo leas fortunate 
in its present occupant, Mr. James M. Tankard, who is proud 
of the place, and sparea no pains in sustaining its ancient 
character and reputation. 




Boiling Hail,— NoUk View. 

large central hall has been furnished by Mr. Tankard 
with curious old oak furniture, which is in keeping with the 
old oak balcony on the northern side of the room, and the 
wainscotting and cornice, which are also of black oak. 

This noble apartment possesses many features of attraction, 
among which may be mentioned its fine central window looking 
on to the lawn, its collection of ancient relic3 in the shape of 
crossbows, pikes, helmets, mail-shirts, battle axes, and other 
implements of warfare, and its portraits of warriors clad in 
armour, ladies in Elizabethan costume, feudal lords and 
titled gentry. Worthy of special mention among these are the 

Srtraits of General Fairfax, Prince Rupert, Mary Queen of 
sots, Sir Francis Gresham, and Sir Charles Lucas. 
The view from the top of the old western tower amply repays 
thS scramble up its narrow, winding staircase. Here is 
abundant scope for drawing pretty largely upon one's imagin- 
ation, and painting no end of fancy pictures. History tells us 
of a far-off time when Boiling Hall was surrounded by a wall 



40 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

and a moat for purposes of defence, when men loved the 
dangers and excitements of war rather than the refining in- 
fluences of peace and civilization. It also tells of a more 
recent period, when it was encompassed by an extensive park, 
well wooded and stocked with deer. The wall, the moat and 
the deer have long since disappeared, but a portion of the 
park has been recently restored, and set apart for the benefit 
of a toiling, industrious population, who resort hither in 
search of that " breath of unadulterated air " which they can- 
not find in the streets and workshops where they spend their 
lives. 

It does not fall within the scope of the present sketch to 
trace the history of Boiling Hall. Indeed, this has been 
already done, (though not so fully as we could wish,) by Mr. 
James, in his History of Bradford. We are now only concerned 
with the traditional, — the folk-lore association of this fine old 
mansion, and fortunately it is not lacking in this respect. It 
has its ghost story, as a house of such antiquity and import- 
ance ought to have. Thanks to that best of local chroniclers, 
Joseph Lister, we can tell the tale of it with all the gravity 
and mystery which every good ghost story demands. 

It was after the battle on Adwalton moor, at which the 
Roundheads had met with a sad defeat, that the Earl of New- 
castle, the Royalist Commander, turned his face towards 
Bradford, and taking up his quarters at Boiling Hall, began 
what is known as the second siege of Bradford. The command- 
ing position of this spot doubtless attracted the military eye of 
the Earl, and from this standpoint he at once set about invest- 
ing the town. He took three or five days in doing this, 
although there were no batteries to raise, as the hills surround- 
ing Bradford were near enough to render such unnecessary. 
He placed his guns in two positions, and opened a heavy fire 
which was returned by Sir Thomas Fairfax, who was defending 
the town, with volleys of musketry. But this time the odds 
were sadly against the Bradfordians, brave fighting men though 
they were. Reduced to the extremity of possessing only one 
barrel of powder, but no match, Sir Thomas saw that he must 
either cut his way through the Royalists, or surrender with the 
town. He adopted the former course, and by this step all hope 
of saving Bradford from falling into the hands of the enemy 
was abandoned. 

41 Oh ! what a night and morning was that in which Bradford 
was taken," says Joseph Lister, " what weeping and wringing 
of hands — none expecting to live any longer than till the 
enemy came into the town; the Earl of Newcastle having 
charged his men to kill all, man, woman and child, in the 
town, and to give them all Bradford quarter, for the brave 
Earl of Newport's sake, (who was said to have been barbarously 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



41 



slain here daring the first siege.) However, God so ordered it, 
that before the town was taken, the Earl gave a different order, 
viz — " that quarter should be given to all the townsmen." 

And then the 
narrative goes on 
to tell how it 
came about that 
the Earl had so 
suddenly changed 
his mind. While 
he was sleeping in 
one of the rooms 
of the hall, (known 
as "the ghost 
room' 1 unto this 
day,) on the eve 
of the day that 
was to witness the 
destruction of the 
town, a lady in 
white appeared, 
pulled the clothes 
off his bed several 
times, and cried 
out with a lament- 
able voice, " Pity 
poor Bradford ! " 
on which he sent 
out his orders 
that neither man, 
woman, nor child, 
should be killed in 
the town, where- 
upon the appa- 
rition which had 
so disturbed his 
slumbers left him 
and went away. 

Of course, in 
these days of 
science, lectures, 
and Board Schools, a story like this has not the ghost of a 
chance of gaining credence, hence some will have it that in the 
carousals of the soldiers, in anticipation of the carnage that was 
to take place on the following day, the wine had flowed a little 
too freely, and that the Earl, in a restless, broken sleep had 
conjured up some weird, unearthly shape in his dreams, which 
in a superstitious age, would readily be taken as some spectre 




Facsimile of an old print. 



42 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

from the spirit land.* Others again, have gone the length of 
regarding it as the clever performance of some brave Bradford 
lass, who, afraid lest anything should happen her relatives, or 
perhaps her lover, boldly assumed this ghostly guise in order 
to frighten the Earl from his cruel purpose. For ourselves, we 
prefer to take the legend simply on its merits, and without 
offering any apology for it whatever. It is enough to know 
that the Earl gave final orders that the good people of Bradford 
should be spared, and that he speedily withdrew his troops from 
the town, to the no small joy and relief of many who were 
quaking with fear, believing that, verily, they were in the jaws 
of death. 

I have recently come across the following verses and quote 
them in full, not for any poetic excellence they possess, but 
because they relate to the subject of my contribution. I should 
like to know when and by whom they were written ? They are 
entitled — 

The Earl of Newcastle's Vision. 

The shades of night began to fall, 

Enveloping with sable pall, 

The precincts of Old Boiling Hall 

Where proud Newcastle lay. 

His angry eye, and brow of gloom, 
Told plainly of poor Bradford's doom, 
As he passed to his lonely room 
To wait the coming day. 

A day that should to sword and fire 
Give that fine town ; both son and sire, 
He vow'd should midst the flame expire 
For arming against their King. 

His plumed helm a table graced, 
His trusty sword was near him placed, 
The cuirass that his bosom braced 
Upon the floor was flung. 

Then on the couch he threw him down, 
His thoughts were on tbat doomed town 
And on his dearly-bought renown, 
When Fairfax lost the day. 

A day that saw, 'midst seas of gore, 
The Royal standard proudly soar 
Triumphant on Adwalton Moor — 
That long-contested field. 

•Was it the vanishing female portrait, still dimly traceable on a panel 
over the fireplace. — Ed. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 48 

The night was still, serene and clear, 
He dreams, or surely does he hear — 
When soft, a yoice, low whispering near, 
Said, " Pity poor Bradford." 

Upstarting with a sudden bound, 
He oast a sudden glance around, 
And with astonishment he found 
A female near him stand. 

Mournful she seem'd, tho' young and fair ; 
She clasp'd her hands as if in prayer, 
And, sighing, said, " In pity spare 
Our poor, devoted town." 

Newcastle was as brave a knight 
As e'er spurred charger into fight ; 
But who can say that solemn night 
He was devoid of fear ? 

The ranks of war he oft had led — 
Had seen the field with slaughter spread, 
Yet never felt he so much dread, 
As at that lonely hour. 

To call for aid he vainly tries, 
His tongue its wonted use denies, 
And when again he raised his eyes, 
The visitant had fled. 

And whither fled, no one could say, 
The guards had watch'd till dawn of day, 
But no one ever crossed their way, 
They all and each declared. 

But changed was Newcastle's vow, 
The gloom had vanished from his brow, 
He spoke in mercy's accents now 

" Let Bradford town be spared." 

W.S. 



Folk-Lobe. — The following superstitions still linger in York- 
shire, and may elicit from the readers of " Notes and Queries" 
additional information on the subject. To turn away the first 
*' vessel-cup" singer without reward, is to forfeit the good 
fock of the ensuing year. Query — Is the word " vessel " a 
corruption of wassail ? 

A niece of the yule-log is preserved until the following Christ- 
mas by each prudent housewife, to secure the house from fire 
doting the year. Query — What i6 the origin of this superstition? 



44 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

The yule-candle must on no account be snuffed after being 
lighted, and it is accounted very unlucky to cut into the cheese 
before supper on Christmas-eve. Query — Why ? 

No person must presume to go out of doors, or even to open 
it, until the threshold has been consecrated by the entrance of 
the lucky bird of New Year's day. Query — What is the origin 
of the superstition respecting the complexion* of the first visitor 
on New Year's morning ? 

Those who have not the common materials for making a fire, 
on New Year's Day, generally sit without one, for none of their 
neighbours, although hospitable at other times, will allow them 
to light a candle at their fires ; nay not even to throw out the 
ashes, or sweep out the dust ! If they do, it is said that one of 
the family will die within the year. Query — Can any reader of 
" Notes and Queries " supply any additional information con- 
cerning this strange superstition ? 

The first new moon in the year is looked upon by the fair 
sex with great adoration. Query— Why ? 

On Easter Sunday, in Yorkshire, females are seized by boys 
and young men, who take off their shoes, which have to be 
redeemed by money. On the following Monday afternoon and 
Tuesday morning females snatch off the youths' caps, which 
have to be redeemed in like manner. Query — Do these customs 
prevail elsewhere, or any modification of them ? 

" Poor Robin's Almanac " for 1760, contains the following: 
" The first of April some do say, 
Is set apart for All-Fool's day ; 
But why the people call it so, 
Nor I, nor they themselves do know." 
Query — Can anyone, better informed than " Poor Robin," supply 
the readers of " Notes and Queries " with an answer to the 
above poetical query ? 

The following lines respecting the tradition of St. SwithhVfl 
Day, is supposed to be a Yorkshire production : 
44 Better it is to rise betime, 
And to make hay while sun doth shine, 
Than to believe in tales or lies 
Which idle monks or friars devise." 

Query — Author wanted. 

For a wedding party to be in Church when the clock strikes, 
is said to be a sure sign that either the bride or bridegroom will 
not long survive. Query — Are there any authentic coincidences 
on record ? 

Friday weddings, births, and baptisms are considered very 
unlucky. Query — Why ? J. L. Saywell, f.b.hist.s., f.s.sc. 

* A red-haired boy is absolutely feared by many people as their 4 first foot,' 
and a black-haired boy is frequently bespoken to ( let Christmas and New 
Year in.' Can we trace antipathy to Scandinavian Nationality in this.— £4* 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 45 

Fair Ikogsne. — " A warrior so bold and a virgin so bright," 
is from a ballad by Matthew Gregory Lewis (Monk Lewis), and 
will be found probably in his "Wonderful Tales," or his "Tales 
of Terror." J.H.L 

'• Alonzo the Brave and the Fair Imogene " will be found in 
"Tales of Wonder," by M. G. Lewis, Esq., author of "The 
Monk," 8 vols., 12mo., Vienna, 1806. W.C. 

I have it in an excellent selection called "The Poetical Com- 
mon Place Book" ; Edinburgh, John Anderson, 1822. C.A.H. 

Fire Wobship. — Sometime about the year 1860, when I lived 
in Bradford, there came to lodge with me and my wife, a young 
woman who had been born and brought up at Cowling Head,. 
(Cowen Heead) near Skipton. Her purpose in coming was to 
learn to weave in the factory. Whenever either I or my wife 
meddled with the fire, to mend it, or blow it with the bellows, 
she seemed horrified, and would flee to the back of the house. 
She would tell us that it was a great sin to blow the fire, or to 
touch it, by stirring. Was this a relic of Fire worship, or 
some kind of superstition. Stobbs. 

The Bretton Hall Ballad, was printed first about fifty years 
ago, and the original broadsheet bears on it, at the bottom, 
"James Watts, Printer, etc., Heckmondwike." He was the 
father of Mr. J. S. Watts, Postmaster of Shipley. Stobbs. 
Mr. John Wood, of Penistone, has published an edition. Ed. 
Gborge Daniel, of Beswick. — I should be glad to know how 
or where I can find a poem by George Daniel, of Beswick, 
entitled "A Vindication of Poetry." I have what I believe to be 
the first verse of the poem, which begins thus, — 

" Truth speaks of old the power of Poesie ; 
Amphion, Orpheus stones and trees could move ; 
Men first by verse were taught Civilitie ; 
'Tis known and granted ; etc. 
I think there is mention of it in the Rev. Joseph Hunter's 
Works, but I have not access to them. Stobbs. 

Woodbome Hall Ghost. — The story, as given by the late 
Mr. Nowell to Mr. Hobkirk, will be found in the «' Annals of 
Almondbury," p. 184. The Bev. Thomas Lees is able to give 
a good account of it. C.A.H. 

Hop-Scotch. — No mention is made of this form of the Prison- 
Bars game, p. 22. It is like Short Scotch, but a much rougher 
game, for the combatants can hop out when they please, and, 
with folded arms, knock down any of the opposite set. 

Girls have a game called hop-scotch, in which they hop over 
the joints, or nicks, of flagstones, kicking before them a small 
stone, or potsherd (spotscar, they pronounce it,) one flag at a 
time. E.B. 



46 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 

Bbistol, a Game. — Bristol is a very interesting game, and 
not only keeps us warm in cold weather, bat teaches us activity. 
Why it is called Bristol, I do not know. We call out " first," 
"secky," "third," "fourth," &c, and then foot in the same 
order. The first and second foot, that is, stand a dozen yards 
apart and each puts one foot before his other until they meet, 
and the one whose foot is beneath the other's toe is down. He 
foots next with number three, and the loser foots again with 
number four, and so on until all have footed. The last loser 
goes between two dens, and the rest run backwards and forwards 
past him, shouting, Bristol ! He catches first one and then 
another, his prisoners helping him, until all are caught. The 
first he caught has then to start the game again by taking his 
place in the middle. E.B. 

— — o 

Lake Seemebwateb. — A Legend of Wensleydalb. 
Green grows the fern on Fleetmoss Wold, 

And brown the mantling heather, 
The harebells blue and furze-bloom gold 

Blend sweetly there together, 
And Nature spreads with flowery pride 

The robes which Peace has brought her, 
Where Bain's untroubled wavelets glide 

Down to Lake Seemerwater. 
The breeze through ash and birchen bowers 

Blows soft when day is closing, 
And rocks the lily's waxen flowers 

Upon the tide reposing. 
Gay with the blackbird's echoing tones 

And calm'd by dusk of even, 
The twilight star looks down and owns 

'Tie almost fair as Heaven. 
Yet legends say the peaceful scene 

Is but of late creation, — 
That erst these grassy glades have been 

A waste and desolation ; 
They tell how once a busy town 

Stood where these waves are flowing, 
The Btreets are hidden where far down 

The lily roots are growing. 
One day a poor and aged man 

Passed through the thriving city, 
And meekly ask'd of those he saw 
_ For food and rest in pity ; * 

* This inhospitable spirit seems to remain still, judging by the Editor'* 
experience. Accompanied by two friends, he reached the village overlooking 
the lake and enquired for food at three cottages unsuccessfully, and had to 
cross to the other side before he came to the house of a Malcolm. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 47 

Bat all so cold their hearts had grown 

With cares and fashions splendid, 
The homeless man pass'd on alone, 

Faint, worn, and unbefriended. 

Outside the town a cottage stood, 

The house of shepherd Malcolm, 
Who took him in and gave him food, 

And rest, and warmth, and welcome. 
Next morning, standing at the door, 

He looked toward the city, 
And raised his hand, and murmur' d o'er 

The words of this strange ditty : — 

" Seemerwater rise ! Seemerwater sink ! 

And bury the town all save the house 
Where they gave me meat and drink ! " 

And straightway then the water rose, 

From out the brown earth gushing, 
From where the river Bain now flows 

Came heavy billows rushing, 
And buried all the stately town, 

And drown'd the helpless people ; 
" Full fathoms five " the waters flowed 

Above the great church steeple ! 

And still, when boating on the lake 

When sunset clouds are glowing, 
The roof and spires may yet be seen 

Beneath the blue waves showing. 
But on the shepherd's house, they say, 

The old man left his blessing, 
And so they prosper'd every day, 

With flock and herds increasing. 
Nor did it rest with them alone, 

But reached to son and daughter, 
Until the land was all their own 

About Lake Seemerwater. 

Can any reader of your very interesting Notes and Queries 
tell me the name of the author of the above ? A.W. 



Talismanic Cures. — With all our boasted progress in know- 
ledge and enlightenment, we may yet come across some pitiable 
examples of credulity and superstition, and that without going 
into out-of-the-way corners, in search of the same. I was 
recently acquainted with a man at Bradford, whom I had 
always regarded as possessed of, at least, an ordinary share of 
common sense. He was a tall, well built, and elderly person, 



48 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

but was sadly tormented with rheumatism, often being obliged 
to take to his bed before he could be " brought round" again. 
I met him once after his immediate recovery from one of these 
attacks, and he was in high spirits. On enquiring the cause of 
his jubilant frame of mind, he told me that he had at length 
discovered a cure for his rheumatism ; one that would rid him 
of his old enemy " at once and for ever." Having assured him 
of my sincere congratulations, I was surprised to see him pro- 
duce from each of his trousers' pockets — a potato ! looking, from 
their having been rubbed and handled so much, as if they had 
been black-leaded. He said (and I am sure believed) that 60 
long as he carried these in his pockets the rheumatism would 
never again come near him. This was the secret of the poor 
man's freedom from his tortures of rheumatism; this, the 
philosopher's stone that gave him exemption from one of the 
most grievous ills that " flesh is heir to." 

I was so much struck by this instance of present-day super- 
stition that I communicated the fact to the columns of a local 
journal. Conceive my surprise when it called forth the following 
reply from one of its readers : — 

"Dear Sir — I have read with great interest the Article by 
'W.S.' in your journal, but being unwilling that any native of 
our loved county should be unjustly held up to ridicule, permit 
me to say that I have known several instances in which persons 
troubled with rheumatism have found relief and ultimate ex- 
emption from its pains by carrying a potato in the trousers' 
pocket. My own brother has carried one for years with benefit, 
until it is now as hard as a stone, up to a short time ago. I, 
like 'W.S.,' looked upon this proceeding as ( a pitiable example 
of credulity and superstition," but now think there is * method 
in this madness,' for I find that atropine, a homoeopathic 
remedy for rheumatism, which has been hitherto obtained 
from belladonna, is now extracted from the * eyes ' of potatoes, 
which are cut out at a certain stage of their growth, and sub- 
jected to a process which extracts the identical remedy whose 
source has been previously belladonna. I have heard of people 
who have taken the water in which potatoes have been well 
boiled, and experienced relief from rheumatic pains. Yours, Ac, 

M. M. 8. 

The Editor's comment on the above curious correspondence 
will perhaps form the most fitting conclusion to the present 
communication — 

44 Can any of my readers," he asks, "learned in matters 
medical, throw more light, scientific light I mean, on this sub- 
ject ? I have not the slightest doubt that as excellent curative 
properties may exist in the potato as in the roots of other plants 
more usually connected with the druggist's shop. But that the 
mere carrying in one's pocket of a couple of tubers will impart 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 49 

their medicinal virtues into tbe person who hugs them along 
with him seems to me a very different matter. However the 
subject is worth ventilating." W.S, 



||0rh Jffiinsta: %tmn: 

A Specimen of the Yorkshire Dialect as spoken in the North 
Riding. [Such is the title of a pamphlet just published by Mr. 
W. H. Allen, 18, Waterloo Place, London, and which Yorkshire 
Bibliophiles will be anxious to secure. A peculiar mystery as 
to the origin and authorship is shrouded in the Epistle Dedica- 
tory, and we are informed in the same Epistle that the profits 
will be given to a Yorkshire family needing help. It is said to 
have been put in type fifty years ago, and "was probably 
written at Nunnington Rectory. 1 ' At the suggestion of a Lady, 
and by leave of " the Great Unknown," we present our readers 
with this tasty piece.] 

Scene — Goodram Gate, York. 

" Mike Dobson is standing still in the street leaning on his stick, 
Bob Jackson, on horseback, rides quickly past him." 



Mike. Hollo, Bob Jackson, owr't a the plagues thee boon, b 
Ganging at sike a pe'ace as that thruff 't toon. — 
Stop mun, let's touch thee flesh,o— -what is tha blinnd, 
Or wadtha d wish te trot owr an o'ad e frinnd ? — 
There's nowther sense nor mense in sike a pe'ace, 
It leaks as thoff thoo dossent show thee fe'ace ; 
A gayish nag* that leaks, at thoo's asthrarde, 
Ah's seer it diz, is't good te owt te rarde ? 

Bob. The best that ivver put a fe'at on t' ro'ad, 

And will be bet'ther, he's noot twe'a yeer o'ad. 

Mike. Bood, what brings thee te York this tarme o't yeer, 
Ah's seer it diz yan good te see ye heer ; 
Hestha* browt owt to't market, owr's thee te'ame ? 
Are all thee bairns quite fresh at yam, and t' de'ame ? 
Ah sud ha 1 thowt you'd all been thrang at t' farm 
Mang t'hay and coorn, for this is't thrangest tarme. 

GLOSSARY. 
« Where b bound e shake hands d would you e old * have you. 

* No dialogue strictly characteristic ever took place between Yorkshiremen, 
the subject of which did not begin and end with " a hoss "—the present 
therefore, in this respect at least, will be found correct. 

T.F-L. E 



50 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Bob. Wi' some foo'aks it may be, bood bairn, may hay 

Hez all been stack'd* and theack'd b this monny a day ; 

And as t' wheat weant be ripe a fotnith yit, 

And glooaring at it winnot mak it fit, 

Ah've coom te York te weast d an hoor or se'a,- 

Since ah had nowt partick'ler else te de'a ; 

And man, for soom tarme past Ah've re' ally been 

Just crazed te knaw aboot this " Minsther Screen" 

T'newspapers used te talk of nothing else, 

It mead mair noise thon yan o't Minsther bells, 

And sea ah've coom'd te see what it be like, 

Diz thoo knaw owt at all aboot it Mike. 

Mike. Thoo mood ha' seerched all t' coontry sarde to see, 
A chap at knaws yah hauf* as mich as me — 
Put up thee hoss f mun heer i't Minsther Yard, 
And then we'll gang and hey a leak in sard. 

Bob here gives his horse to Mr. Moss's hostler, with sundry 
directions respecting the treatment of him, &c. 
They then enter the Minster. 

Bob. Bon ! its a strange gre'at pie 'ace, and dash it Mike, 
It maks a chap feel desprit lahtle* like ;* 
Ah' feels all iv a trimmle, h with the dre'ad 
Lest ony bad thowt now, sud fill mah he'ad. 
Bood, show us owr this Screen is te be foond, 1 
Is't summat up o't re'afj or doon o't groond ? k 

Mike. Whah' sootha, lootha, leakstha, 1 there it stands, 
The bonniest wark ere me'ad by mottal hands ; 
That thing all clairmed m wi lab tie dolls is 't screen, 
Aboot which all this noise and wark hez been, 
And if thoo'l whist a minnit mun or se'a, 
Ah'l sean insenstha 11 into t' yal te de'a. 
Thoo sees when Martin wiv his crackbrained tricks, 
Set fire t' Minsther like a he'ap o' wicks,P 
Fooaks* frev all pairts* o't coonthry vary se'an, 
Clubbed bras 8 te pay for reeting* it age'an ; 
Se'a Ah, mang t' rest o't quality, put doon 
(For iv'ry lahtle helps thoo knaws) a croon. 

a Stacked b thatched c staring 4 spend • half * horse g little k tremble 
1 found i roof * ground 1 60otha, lootha, leakstha ; see, look, behold — these 
words are always used together, m Covered over n explain to you • t' yal to 
de' a — the whole to do — the whole affair p quick grass, twitch, q folk * parts 
■ clubbed brass — subscribed money t repairing. 



* Sentiments of the deepest awe and veneration cannot fail to strike any 
person, however otherwise insensible, on entering so sublime a structure as 
York Minster, and it was no doubt as much with a view to excite such sensa- 
tions, as in honour of the Deity, that such magnificent edifices hare been 
erected. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 51 

Noo se'an as t' brass was gotten, afore lang, 
Prev iv'ry pairt a soort o' chaps did thrang : 
Ste'an me'asins,* airchitecks, and sike like straight, 
All clusthered roond like mennies b at a bait, 
Boom te leak on and give advice, and Bob, 
Ne'a doot soom on em com te late c a job. — 
Bood when te leak thruff t' Minsther they began, 
They started te finnd faut weet tiv' a man ; 
This thing was ower big, that ower small, 
While t'other had ne'a business there at all. — 
If ivver thoo did tiv a cobler send, 
A pair of sheun d he did not mak, to mend, 
Thoo's heerd what scoores o' fauts he vary seun, 
Wad start to finnd oot wiv tha poor o'ad sheun ; — 
" T' sowing wad be bad, and se'a wad t' mak, e 
And t' leather goad te nowt at all bood crack." 
Just se'a the'as chaps foond faut wi' ne'a pretense, 
Bood just 'at ple'ace was noot belt' by theirsens ; — 
Noo when they com to t' screen, it strake em blinnd, 
For noot yah singel faut weet could they finnd, 
Until yah cunning chap te show his teaste, 
Threaped* oot like mad at it wur wrangly pleaced. 
He said " it sud ha' been thrast fodther h back, 
For t' Ne'ave* leak ower lahtle it did mak, 
And that it se'a confarned his view o' t' ple'ace, 
Te let it bardJ wad be a sair disgre'ace." 

Bob. Wha sike a feal as that sud nivver stop 

Doon heer beloe, but gang and gloore fre' t' top ; 
Ah mood as weel ding k mah back deer 1 of t' creaks,™ 
And then tell t' wife at it confarned mah leaks ; 
Mah wod ! she'd se'an confarn mah leaks for me, 
Wiv what Ah weel sud merit, a black ee. n 

Mike. " Yah feal maks mony," is a thing weel knawn, 
And t' truth of it was heer me'ast truly shown ; 
A soort o' chaps, at scarcely could desarn, 
The dif rence twixt an oad chetch and a barn,* 
Fre' t' coonthry sarde all roond aboot did thrang, 
And aware it sud be shifted reet or wrang ; 
Noo de'ant thoo think that Ah had nowt te say, 

* stonemasons b minnows o seek a shoes « make * built g insisted 
b farther i the nave i bide, remain * thrown off l door m hinges n eye 
o church. 



*A difference, by the way, not so very easily to be distinguished. — I 
myself, with shame be it spoken 4 have seen many an antique church in 
Yorkshire so like an old barn with a dove cote on the top by way of a steeple, 
that it would hare puzzled my namesake himself to have discovered at a little 
distance—" which was which." Printer** DeviL 



52 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Bood just did let em hev their o'an fond way ; 

Nay — hundhreds, bairn, of foo'aks agreed wi me 

That stoored* it owt noot, and sud nivver be. — 

Disputes and diffrences that had ne'a end 

Began te start, friend quarrelled sean wi friend. — 

Mair nonsence te'a, aboot it, bairn, was writ, 

Than ivver hez been fairly read thruff yit ; 

For mony a feal his help each way to lend, 

Gease quills and fealscap we' as ted without end. 

Meetings were held, men spak till they gat hoo'arse, 

And barley- seager b raise in price of coo' arse, 

While soom foo'aks to their friends said se'a niich then, 

Yah wod° togither they've noot spokken sen. d * 

Bood tho' se'a despritly they talked and fowt,° 

Ne'an o' theas meetings ivver come te owt : 

At last they did resolve te call anoother, 

Te settle t' queshun' at yah way or t'oother, 

When efther beals and shouts, and claps and gre'ans, 

Eneaf to wakken t' vary tonpike? ste'ans 

The queshun to t' subscribers there was poot, 

Whether it sud be shifted, or sud noot. — 

We gat it, man, as se'af as se'af could be, 

For ivry man o' sense did vo'at wi me ; 

When lo ! t' o'ad chairman frev his pocket beuk 

A lot o' vo'ats h lapt up in paper teuk,t 

With which in spite of all at we could say, 

He turned the queshun clean the t'oother way, 

And thus desarded 1 it sud shifted be, 

Bood shifted t' nivver was, as thoo may see. 

For perhaps they thowt in spite of all their wits 

T* screen wad, if stoo'ared.J ha'tummeled* all te bits. — 

Nea doot thoo knaws t* oad riddle of an egg, 

I've knawn't sen Ah was boot V book 1 o* my leg, — 

• Stirred b sugar o word d since o fought * question g turnpike * votes 

i decided J stirred k tumbled l bulk, size. 

• To such a pitch was the discussion respecting the screen carried on in 
York about this time, that nothing else was heard, spoken, or thought of.— 
Footmen picking up scattered arguments in the dining room, debated together 
furiously in the servants' hall ; while in the kitchen the cook, house maid, 
and scullion, were all engaged in the dispute. At a dinner party, given by 

Mr. G , a gentleman, who sat with his back to the fire, feeling rather 

cold requested a servant, whose head was full of the argument, to "remove thf 
screen "—meaning that one at the back of his chair — John started from his 
reverie at once, and quite forgetting where he was, called out, ho would be 
d— d if it should be stoored for any man. 

f By " Voats lapt up in paper " — Mike means votes by proxy.— What a 
great effect the speeches and arguments at any meeting must have upon those 
who have given their votes by proxy three or four days before the meeting 
takes place 1 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 58 

Its " noompty doompty sat upon a wall, 
" And hoompty doompty gat a desprit fall, 
" And all t' king's bosses there, and all t' king's men, 
" Could neer set hoompty doompty reet agen." 
Se'a they consated* if they rarved this screen 
Bood yance fre't ple'ace in which t' had awlus been, 
Like hoompty doompty, it could neer age'an 
Be set te reets let what pains wad be te'an. — 
Bood there thoo sees it stands, yal and compleat, 
And that's because theyv'e nivver de'an nowt weet : 
A bonny thing like that, is bonny still, 
Put it in whatsumivver ple'ace you will, 
And as t' was weel while nowt was at it dea'n, 
They've just de'an weel in letting weel ale'an. 
Bood what did seam to me uncommon hard, 
And vexed me se'a, Ah knew noot how te bard, b 
Was that mah money, dash it, sud be te'an 
Te de'a that with, Ah wished sud noot be de'an, — 
Could Ah hev getten mah croon back, Ah sware 
That egg or shell oa't they sud noot see mair. 

Bob. Thah keas c joost d maks me think o' Jamie Broon, 
T' oad dhrunken carpenther of our toon. — 
Thoo sees yah day to Jamie's hoose Ah went, 
And fand he'd getten t* bailiers f * in for rent, 
His wife, poor thing, was awmeast flay'ds te de'ad, 
And rarved h off t' hair by neavesful 1 frev her he'ad, 
And t T bairns all roo'red te see their moother roore, 
Ah niwer i my life seed sike a stoore. — 
Oa'd Jamie he was set in t' ingle' neuk, 
Glooaring at t' fire wiv a hauf fond leuk ; 
Yah hand waz iv his britches pocket thrast, 
While t'other picked his nooas k end desprit fast ; t 
For him thoo sees Ah cared'nt hauf a pin, 
For drink had browt him te t' state he was in, 
Bood mah heart warked 1 te see t' poore bairns and t' 

de'ame, 
And se'a Ah moonted m t' meer n and skelped off he'ame, 
And there Ah teuk fahve? poond, pairt ov a hoo'ard,* 

• Conceived b bear e case A just • house * bailiffs g frightened n rived, 
tore i handsfol J fire side * nose l ached m mounted n mare o scampered 
P fire q hoard. 

* Bailiffs. — " The Sheriff being answerable for the misdemeanors of these 
BaffiUs, they are usually bound in an obligation, with sureties, for the due 
execution of their office, and thence are called bound bailiffs, which common 
people have corrupted into a much more homely appellation." Blackitone's 
Con. Book i. p. 345. 

t The nose of an habitual drunkard (haud ignarus loquor) is always afflicted 
with a tickling and tormenting heat — in fact that member seems constantly 
itching to be in the flagon. 



J 



54 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Ah'd feltin t' babble* te be out o't ro'ard b * 
(For All's yan o' thor chaps ats ommust se'af 9 
To spend all t' bras ats handy te my ne'af,) d 
And sent it tiv him by our dowther 6 Nance, 
At he mood pay off t' bailiers at yance. f 
Wad yon believe, as se'an as t' brass he gat, 
He off te t' public boose, and there he sat, 
And sat and smeuk'd,* and smeuk'd and drank away, 
Fra two'alve h o'clock, te two'alve o'clock next day, 
Just then Ah enthered t' hoose as Ah past by, 
Te get a dhrink, for Ah was desprit dry, 
And there Ah fand t' oad raggil 1 te be seer, 
Stritched on his back, dea'd dhrunk, o't palour fleer.— 
Ah thrast mail hand intiv his pocket neuk, 
And back agean mah fahve poond noo'ate Ah teuk, 
For when Ah gav him't, it was mah intent, 
That he sud de'a nowt weet bood pay his rent. 
Just se'a, Ah think thoo had a reet to tak 
T' croon thoo subscrarbed cud thoo ha* getten't back, 
Since they te whom t' was geenJ had ne'a reet 
Te de'a owt else, bood what t'was geen for, weet. 
Mike. Thoo's reet, thoo's reet, Ah'd seaner had that croon, 
Te we'ast in blash and dhrink like Jamie Broon, 
Than they ha' getten't, for then mun at le'ast 
Ah'd ple'ased mah oan, and not anoother's te'ast. 

Bob. Pray whe'ah belt Minsther ? for it se'anis te me 
He kenned far best ju6t whor this screen sud be, 
What tho* theas chaps may talk a he'ap o' blaah, k 
Ah wad'nt give a haup'ny 1 for their trash, 
Unless te pre'ave m his joodgment good, some yan 
Builds sike a spot as t' Minsther here, and than, 
And noot till than thoo sees a body may 
Be called upon te heed what he may say. 

Mike. And noo Ah thinks Ah've telled thee all Ah' ken, 
And mead thee just as wise mun as my sen, 
Se'a coom thoo yam n wi me and see t' oad lass, 
And get a bite o' summut and a glass, 
For Ah'se se'a hungered tonned° Ah scarce can barde, 
Ah've getten quite a wemlingy in t' insarde. 

• Bible * road « sure d hand • daughter t once g smoked b twebe 
i rascal J given * trash l halfpenny m prove a home ° turned pyearniag. 

* Country folks hide their money in strange places— old jars, bottles, bed- 
steads, and tea-pots have occasionally been the emporia of hidden t r eas on) — 
By Bob having hid his money in the bible to be out of the road, we «*J 
without much hesitation imply, that that worthy character did not often make 
the sacred volnme the subject of his perusal. Sir Walter Scott makes one of 
bis characters hide bank notes in a bible, under the impression thai it ww 
the most unlikely place for a thief to pry into. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 66 

Bob. Ah've ne'a objection, boon afore Ah wag 
A single leg, Ah's tied* te see mah nag. 

Mike. Thoo need'nt man, in Moss's yard hes seaf 
All's warrant, he'll get hay and coorn eneaf, 
His is'nt t' inn where rogueish hostlers che'at,* 
And grease 't boss' mouths te set 'em past their me'at, 
Nay, Moss's man will tak mair tent b o' t' be'ast, 
Than ony moother of her bairn awme'ast. 

Bob. Nea doot, neat doot he'll tent it well, bood bon,° 
Ah mood as well just see how he gets on, 
He may ha' slipped his neither 4 wiv a tug, 
Or getten yah leg owr 't te scrat his lug.f 

Mike. Aweel, leak sharp, and dean't be owr lang, 

Or yam bedoot 8 thee Ah'se be foorced te gang. 

Bob. Yah minnit for me, bairn, thoo need'nt stop, 
For Ah'll be back in t' cracking ov a lop.* J 

» Obliged b care ° burn d halter e without * flea. 

^ * A knavish hostler, in the presence of an inexperienced traveller, will give 
his horse a very large feed of oats, and as soon as the gentleman's back is 
turned he will subtract from the manger all the corn but a few handfuls, 
and then grease the horse's teeth with a candle which will effectually prevent 
the animal, for some time at least, from touching his food. — When the 
traveller returns and sees some oats still remaining in the manger, he liberally 
rewards the hostler for giving his horse more than he can eat ! Printer'* Devil. 

t Many a horse has got a leg over the halter in scratching his ears with 
the hind hoof, and hath thus hung himself. An ingenious farrier named 
Snowden, near Kirbymoorside has invented a very clever halter to prevent 
Eoch accidents. 

{ Reader ! didst thou ever behold thy dog Tray, suddenly starting from a 
pound nap on thy hearth rug, curl himself up and begin to sniff and snap 
through his hide from head to tail, if so, thou hast seen " the cracking of a 
lop." 

c— — 

YORKSHIRE CENTENARIANS. 
The writer of this article has recently heard it gravely 
asserted, more than once, that the term of human life has 
reached its climax of brevity, and is now gradually widening 
out the nearer we approach the Millennium. And indeed, 
there would seem to be some degree of truth in the statement, 
for we can scarcely take up a newspaper which does not record 
the death of a centenarian. Of course the increase of popu- 
lation would produce a relative increase in the number of 
centenarians, but putting that on one side, why should it seem 
a thing incredible, or inconsistent with the laws of nature, that 
human vitality should have its ebb and flow, and that human 
degeneracy having reached its furthermost point of retro- 
gression, should now advance towards that point of longevity 
attained by the patriarchs ? 



56 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

A Yorkshire clergyman has expressed his opinion, that in 
every million of our countrymen, there are at least two living, 
who have passed their hundredth year. It was Professor 
Hufeland's opinion that the limit of possible human life might 
be set at 200 years, and this on the general principle that the 
life of a creature is eight times the years of its period of growth. 
The Professor backs up his opinion, by several authentic 
instances, and his roll of centenarians includes many remark- 
able cases of human and animal longevity. An able article on 
centenarianism appeared in the " Daily Telegraph" of February 
12th ult., in which Mr. W. J. Thoms, the author of the cele- 
brated brochure, entitled " Human Longsvity: its Fads and 
Fictions? (1878) is somewhat severely handled, and his incre- 
dulity proved to be nescience. Sir George Cornewall, Lewis 
is another sceptic, and boldly affirms all cases of centenarianism 
to be hypothetical, and for the most part antediluvian. The 
writer of the article in question, vigorously attacks the casuistry 
of Mr. Thorn 8, and Sir George, and quotes M. Kohl on "Russian 
Longevity " to support the theory of contingent duration. 

The following list of Yorkshire Centenarians, verified in each 
instance from the registers of their respective parishes, will be 
of interest to the readers of " Yorkshire Notes and Queries," some 
of whom will be able to extend the list. — 

Henry Jenkins, of Ellerton-on-Swale, born 1501, ) 1AQ 
died 1670.* Aged J l ™ 

Elizabeth Gkay, a pensioner on the Wilsons of West- ) - M 
brook, buried at Ecclesall, December 8, 1848. J 

Ann Stringer of Northallerton, born 1618, died 1721. 108 

George Lumley, of Northallerton, born 1697, married 
1788 to Mary Dunning, aged 19; (Date of 
death unknown.)! 

Mary Hollindrake, born at Alderscholes, near Brad-] 

ford, January 5th, 1785, died at Shipley, March - 101 
20th, 1886. j 

Denis Sykes, born February 10th, 1717, died 
November 20th, 1819. { 



i 



104 



102 



* Buried in the Parish Church of Bolton-on-Swale. The parish register 
contains the following entry—" 1670, December 9th, Henry Jenkins, a very 
aged and poore man, of EUerton, was burred here." Besides the stone monu- 
ment over his grave in the churchyard, there is another of black marble inside 
the Church, erected to the memory of the " oldest Yorkahireman." Both 
monuments boar an appropriate inscription, the latter written by Dr. Thomas 
Chapman. 

f Vide " Gentleman's Magazine." The Wedding was performed by the 
Rev. Thos. Wilkinson, Curate, and the witnesses were Thomas Robeon, and 
W. M. Gibson. 

} Mary Sykes, sister of Denis Sykes, died February 11th, 1810, aged 99 
years, and 8 months. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 57 

105 



Ann Ykardley, wife of Joseph, of Sheffield Park/ 
died December 25th, 1807. Buried in Tankers- • 
ley Churchyard, aged 
(Thomas, their son, died Jan. 22, 1841, aged 91.) 

William Sturdy, of Romanby, near Northallerton, 
born 1785, died 1885. 

Elizabeth Bulmer, of West Acklam, died June 20th, 
1884. Buried at Acklam. 

Barbara Bbownbridoe, buried in Eastrington church- 
yard, January 16th, 1885. 

Mary Wilson, of Glaisdale, buried at Glaisdale, 
December 29th, 1880. 

Jane Garbutt, buried at Welbury, December 12, 1854. 109 

Mary Benton, of Yarm, buried at Elton, January 7,) +*» 
1858. ) 

Matthew Law, buried at Sandhutton, nearThirsk,i lnn 
Nov. 14, 1814, aged I 1UU 

According to statistics, more females reach the age of a 
hundred years than males, and no one I think will doubt it. 

J. L. Saywell, f.r.h.s. 



100 
100 
100 
100 



We have before us an ordinary black-edged funeral card, 
bearing the following inscription : 

" Death of a Matriarch. 

Elizabeth, the wife of the late Ely Whiteley, 

of Ri8hworth, 

Who died on the 8th of May, 1852, aged 100 years. 

She had had 18 children, 119 grandchildren, 189 great-grand 

children, and 28 great-great-grandchildren ; total, 849. Six of 

her children were at her funeral, of whom the eldest is 79 years 

of age, the next 77, and the third 75. 

She married at 21, was a wife 70 years, and a widow 9." 
Mrs. Neale, of Bawtry, died on September 12th, 1885, aged 
100. An old East Anglian ex-soldier, named Coe, who had 
carried a bullet in his arm for many years, died last year at 
Norristhorpe, near Heckmondwike, the residence, of his daughter. 
He had nearly completed his 101st year when we saw and had 
a pleasant chat with him, some weeks before his death. — Ed. 



HENRY JENKINS. 

In the York$hira Gazette a series of articles on Bolton-on-Swale 
is appearing, from which we cull the following, by leave of the 
Editor. 

" We now come to a tablet which to the general reader will 
possess more interest than any other in the church. This is 
the slab of black marble which commemorates the existence of 
the man who probably lived more years than any Englishman 



56 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

of whom there is any certain record. This was the celebrated 
Henry Jenkins, who undoubtedly lived to the extraordinary age 
of 169 years. The inscription runs as follows : — 
" Blush not, marble, to rescue from oblivion the memory of 
Henry Jenkins, a person obscure in birth, but of a life truly 
memorable, for he was enriched with the goods of nature 
if not of fortune, and happy in the duration if not the 
variety of his enjoyments : And though the partial world 
despised and disregarded his low and humble state, the 
equal eye of Providence beheld and blessed it with a patri- 
arch's health and length of days, to teach mistaken man 
these blessiugs are entailed on temperance, a life of labour, 
and a mind at ease. He lived to the amazing age of 169 ; 
was interred here December 6, 1670 ; and had this justice 
done to his memory. 1748." 
There is also in the churchyard a monument to the memory 
of Jenkins, consisting of an obelisk of squared freestone 11 feet 
high, standing upon a pedestal 4 feet 6 inches in height and 4 
feet 4 inches square. On the east side of the pedestal is the 
following inscription : — 

41 This monument was erected by contribution in ye year 1743 
to ye memory of Henry Jenkins." 
On the west side also are cut the name and age of the 
patriarch. 

Few things are more interesting than the investigation of 
such a case as this, for so closely does the question of life and 
death touch us all that we are to a man more or less attracted 
by the abnormal strangeness of a life prolonged so enormously 
beyond the usual allotted space. The late vicar of Bolton, the 
Bev. A. Cumby, was at great pains to collect and arrange the 
evidence bearing upon the case, and he seems to have exhausted 
every possible source of information. 

The principal evidences that prove or corroborate the age as- 
signed to Henry Jenkins by the inscription on his monument 
and by common report are given in various publications, and 
most completely in Clarkson's History of Richmond ; but no- 
where is a sufficient distinction drawn between those which 
seem to be merely traditional and those which rest on better 
authority. In these notes the credibility of the witnesses and 
the possibility of the fact which they assert are examined : — 

I. In Clarkson's History of Richmond (note p. 396) we are 
told of " A Commission out of the Court of Exchequer, dated 
12 Feby. 19 Charles II., authorising George Wright, Joseph 
Chapman, John Burnett, and Richard Faucett, gents., to ex- 
amine witnesses as well on the part of the plaintiff as defendant 
in a tythe cause between Charles Anthony, vicar of Catterick, 
complainant, and Calvert Smithson, owner and occupier of 
lands in Kipling, in the parish of Catterick ; 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 69 

Depositions taken in the house of John Stairman, at Catterick, 
co. Ebor : on the 15th April, 1667 :— 

Henry Jenkins, of Ellerton-upon-Swale, labourer, aged 157, 
or thereabouts, swore and examined, says, " that he has known 
the parties seven years, that the tithes of lambs, calves, wool, 
colts, chickens, goslings, pigs, apples, pears, plums, flax, hemp, 
fruit, and multure of mills were paid in kind by one Mr. 
Calvert, 1 the owner of the lordship or manor of Kipling, to one 
Mr. Thriscroft, above threescore years since the vicar of Catte- 
rick, and were so paid in kind during the time of his the said 
Mr. Thriscroft's continuance ; and after the tithes of Kipling 
were paid in kind to one Richard Fawcett, deceased, for many 
years together as vicar of Catterick; and that this deponent 
never knew of any customary tithes paid by any of the owners 
or occupiers of the lordship or manor of Kipling, or any other 
of the towns or hamlets within the said parish of Catterick, 
but all such particulars named in the interrogatories were ever 
paid in kind to the vicar there for the* time being." 

This document, Mr. Clarkson adds, was copied in Sept., 1819: 
II. From the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal 
Society, 2 (Abridgment, vol. iv., p. 92) :— " On the great age of 
Henry Jenkins ; in a letter from Mrs. Anne Savile* to Dr. 
Tancred Robinson, F.R.S., 4 with his remarks upon it. No. 
221, p. 266. 

" When I first came to live at Bolton it was told me that 
there lived in that parish a man near 150 years old ; that he 
had sworn as a witness in a cause at York to 120 years, which 
the judge reproving him for, he said he was butler at that time 
to Lord Conyers, 6 and they told me that it was reported his 
name was found in some old register of the Lord Conyers' 
menial servants. Being one day in my sister's kitchen, Henry 

1 Geo. Calvert, Esq., of Kiplin, was created Baron Baltimore of Baltimore, 
in the county of Longford, a.d. 1624. 

Henry Tbriscroft was vicar of Catterick from 1594 till 1G03, and Richard 
Fancett from 1603 till 1660, when he was succeeded by Charles Anthony. 

a In the year 1809 the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 
from the year 1665 to 1800 were abridged and republished by Drs. Chas, 
Hntton, Geo. Shaw, and Richard Pearson. We quote from the Abridgement. 

3 John Savile, Esq., of Methley, a direct ancestor of John, first Earl of 
Mexborough, had several daughters, among whom were Anne, the author of 
this letter, and Elizabeth, wife of Leonard Wastell, Esq., of Bolton-on-Swale. 
Both these ladies were residing with Mr. Wastell at the time of his death, 
a.d. 1665, in which year the interview with Henry Jenkirs took place. 

* Tancred, second son of Thomas Robinson, Esq., and own brother to Sir 
William Robinson, Bart., (direct ancestor of Thomas, first Lord Grantham) ; 
he was M.D. and F.R.8., and was knighted on his appointment as physician 
to George I. A list of his works is given in Watts' Bjbliotheca Britannica, 
They consist of seven papers published in the Transactions of the Royal 
Society, and show that he was the friend of Ray and other distinguished 
utaralists, and bad visited Italy for scientific purposes. 

s Of Hornby Castle, ancestor to the Duke of Leeds. 



60 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Jenkins coming in to beg an alms, I had a mind to examine 
him. I told him that he was an old man who must soon expect 
to give an account to God of all he did or said, and I desired 
him to tell me very truly how old he was ; on which he paused 
a little, and then said to the best of his remembrance he was 
about 162 or 168. I asked him what kings he remembered ? he 
said Henry VIII. I asked him what public thing he could 
longest remember ? he said Flodden field. I asked whether the 
king was there ? he said no, he was in France, and the Earl of 
Surrey was general. I asked him how old he might be then ? 
he said he believed between 10 or 12, "for," says he, "I was 
sent to Northallerton with a horse- load of arrows, but they sent 
a bigger boy from thence to the army with them." I thought 
by these marks 1 might find something in histories, and looking 
in an old chronicle I found that Flodden Field was about 152 
years before, so that if he was 10 or 11 years old, ho must be 
162 or 163, as he said when I examined him. I found that 
bows and arrows were then used, and that the earl he named 
was then general, and that King Henry VIII. was then at 
Tournay, 6 so that I don't know what to answer to the consis- 
tencies of these things, for Henry Jenkins was a poor man, and 
could neither write nor read. There were also four or five in 
the same parish 7 that were reputed all of them to be 100 years 
old, or within 2 or 3 years of it, and they all said he was an 
elderly man ever since they knew him, for he was born in 
another parish and before any register was in churches as it is 
said ; he told me he was butler to the Lord Conyers, and re- 
membered the Abbot of Fountain's Abbey very well, who used 
to drink a glass 8 with his lord heartily, and that the dissolution 
of the monasteries he said he well remembered. 

"Ann Saytle." 
"This Henry Jenkins died Dec. 8, 1670, at Ellerton-on- 
Swale. The battle of Flodden Field was fought on the 9th of 
Sept., 1513. Henry Jenkins was 12 years old when Flodden 

6 Both Hollinshed and Hail repeatedly mention the siege of Tournay by 
Henry VIII. as contemporary with the battle of Flodden ; it was probably 
one or other of these historians whose chronicle Miss 8avile consulted. 

7 During the interval between the year 1664 and 1684, the register of 
burials at Bolton-on-Swale is carefully kept and in the handwriting of Chas. 
Anthony, vicar of Catterick. He notices fifty-five persons as "aged" or 
" ancient," and three as " very aged." Among these is •• 1670, Decern, 9. 
Henry Jenkins, a very aged and poore man of EUerton." In the same year 
fourteen others are noticed as " aged,"— the exact age is never given for about 
a century afterwards. In 1668 Jenkins seems to have lost his wife, and these 
two entries are the only ones where the name of Jenkins occurs in the Bolton 
registers. 

8 Jenkins might have used this very word, for drinking-glasses though 
little used in England before the dissolution of monasteries, were common in 
the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. Bee Shakesp. 2nd part of E. Hen. IV. 
Act II., 8c. 1. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 61 

Field was fought, so that he lived 169 years. Old Parr lived 
152 years. and 9 months, so that Henry Jenkins outlived him 
by computation 16 years, and was the oldest man born on the 
ruins of this po6t-diluvian world." 9 % 

" This Henry Jenkins, in the last century of his life, was a 
fisherman, and used to wade in the streams. His diet was 
coarse and sour, but towards the latter end of his days he 
begged up and down. He has sworn in Chancery and other 
courts to above 140 years' memory, and was often at the Assizes 
at York, whither he generally went a-foot, and I have heard 
some of the country gentlemen 10 affirm that he frequently swam 
in the rivers after he was past the age of 100 years. 

IH. Miss Savile sent a copy of her statement to Sir Richard 
Graham, of Norton Conyers ; a transcript of this was afterwards 
given to Roger Gale, of Scruton, 11 by Sir Reginald Graham, 
with the following note from himself : — 

" Sir, — I have sent you an account of Henry Jenkins as I 
find it in my grandfather's Household Book — the time of his 
death is mentioned under the letter as I have set it down ; it 
seems not to have been the same hand ; he must have lived 
some time after Mrs. Savile sent this account to Sir Richard ; 
1 have heard 13 Sir Richard was sheriff when Jenkins gave evi- 
dence to six score years in a cause betwixt Mr. How 18 and Mrs. 
Wastell 14 of Ellerton. The judge asked him how he got his 
living ? he said ' by thatching houses and fishing/ 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 
Norton, 26 Aug., 1789-40. . R. Gbaham." 

9 This sentence seems to be from the pen of Dr. Robinson, and it is difficult 
to say what he means 1>y it ; the ages of the post-diluvian patriarch are given 
infra. 

10 At this time within three or four miles of Bolton, no less than eighty 
hall-houses were occupied by their owners or by wealthy tenants, and at 
greater distances in the same proportion ; among those latter we may mention 
Scrnton, the residence of the most learned man of his day, Dr. Thomas Gale, 
Dean of York, and Greek Professor in the University of Cambridge. 

U A very learned antiquary, son of a Dean of York. He received this letter 
in 1740, and the monuments at Bolton were erected in 1743 ; it is therefore 
not improbable that he may have been a contributor towards them. 

13 Sir Reginald has been misinformed. Richard, the first of the Yorkshire 
branch of the Graham family was Sheriff for the first time in 1680, ten years 
after Jenkins* death. 

13 John Grubham Howe, Esq., brother to the first Viscount Howe ; he was 
M.ft for Gloucestershire in the reigns of William and Mary, and also of 
Qneen Anne, who made him a Privy Councillor ; he died in the year 1722, 
and his Yorkshire estates, including the manor of Ellerton, were sold to Mr. 
Chr. Crowe. 

U Mrs. WastelTs husband died in 1671, the year after Jenkins' death ; but 
she continued to reside at Ellerton for several (perhaps many) years, and was 
perhaps better known as a widow, so that Sir Reginald calls her so, though 
the suit must have been commenced in her husband's life-time. Her husband 
was one of the Bolton family, and Ellerton Manor was a jointure house. 



62 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Then follows a transcript of the letter already given, and 
then the following postscript : — 

44 This letter is without date, but appears to have been written 
by Mrs. Bavell in the year 1661 or 1662 by what she says of 
the time when she examined the old man compared with that 
of Flodden Field, and was eight or nine years before he died, 
for I found his burial in the register of Bolton Church thus — 
4 December the 9th, 1670, Henry Jenkins, a very old poor man/ 

And was also showed his grave. 15 

B. Gbaham." 

These papers were sent by Mr. Gale to Dr. Lyttleton, Bishop 
of Carlisle, who, in the year 1766, read them before the Anti- 
quarian Society, of which he was president. They are given by 
Mr. Clarkson, Appendix No. XLV. 

IV. Prideaux Connection, Book V., p. 278, of 8vo edition, 
speaks of Parr, who lived to the age of 152, and Jenkinson to 
that of 160. It is clear that, notwithstanding the misnomer, 
Henry Jenkins is the person here intended. The possibility of 
attaining such an age somewhat invalidates the Dean's argu- 
ment respecting an important prophecy contained in the Book 
of Daniel, and he meets the objection on other grounds, without 
questioning the 169 years, which he regards as an admitted 
fact. The book was published in 1715. 

V. More than seventy years after Jenkins' death a subscrip- 
tion was set on foot for the erection of a monument to his 
memory in Bolton Church. We are unable to say who proposed 
the subscription, what sum was raised, or who were the 
subscribers. 

The inscriptions on the tablet in the church and on the 
monument in the churchyard we have already given. 

VI. In the year 1752 Thomas Worlidge engraved a head of 
Jenkins. It professes to be " taken from an original painting 
done by Walker/' Robert Walker died in the year 1658. He 
was painter to the Protector, and his pictures of him and his 
generals are numerous and very valuable. Jenkins seems to 
have been little known before the year 1660, and it might be 
thought unlikely that he should have attracted the notice of a 
great court painter ; but we have other proof of the existence 
of a portrait of him. M. de Bomare, a distinguished French 
naturlist, in his Dictionary of Natural History, vol. iv. p. 441 
(Dictionnaire raissonne universel de THistoire Naturelle, pay M. 
Valmont de Bomare, Paris, 8vo, 1764), mentions the great ago 
of — 1st, Henry Jenkins, an Englishman, who died in 1670, 
aged 169 years ; 2nd, John Bovin, born at Czatlova-Carants- 
Bitcher, in the Bannat of Temeswar, who lived 172 years, and 

15 Sir Reginald does not say in what year he visited Bolton Churchyard, 
bat it was certainly prior to the year 1740 ; the tomb would therefore doubt- 
less be erected on the Bpot previously known as Jenkins 1 grave. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 68 

his wife 164. They lived together 147 years, and at the time 
of Rovin's death their grandson was 99 years old. Also, 8rd, 
Peter Zorten, a peasant in the same district, who died in the 
year 1724, at the age of 185 years. Fall length portraits of 
these three centenarians are in the library of Prince Charles at 
Brussels : So far M. de Bomare. Prince Charles of Lorraine, 
brother to the Emperor Francis I., was governor of the Nether- 
lands from 1745 to 1781 ; he was rich and a great favourite 
with the Empress Maria Theresa, his sister-in-law ; after his 
death in the year last named his library and pictures were sold 
by auction. Worlidge's print is a mere head, and the Prince's 
picture is said to have been full length ; but it appears at least 
that a portrait of Jenkins did exist at the end of the last century. 

VII. At the foot of the engraving is a copy of the inscription 
on the monument in Bolton Church, together with a short 
account of Jenkins, taken it would seem from Dr. Robinson's 
publication, and adding that in the King's Remembrancer's 
Office in the Exchequer is a record of a deposition made by 
Jenkins in the year 1665, in a cause between Anthony Clark 
and Sniirkson, taken at Kettering, in Yorkshire. This is per- 
haps a mistaken account of the deposition already mentioned 
as taken in 1667, at Catterick, in a cause between Charles 
Anthony, Clerk, and Calvert Smithaon. 

The records in the Queen's Remembrancer's Office have been 
transferred elsewhere, and though search has been made in their 
new repository we have not succeeded in finding either docu- 
ment ; but that mentioned by Mr. Clarkson as copied in 1819 
may obviously be relied on as being then in existence. 

Records of the Assize Courts at York are said to be preserved 
in London, but they merely give the cause tried and the decision 
of the Court, without stating any particulars of the evidence or 
the names of the witnesses. 

There seems to be three distinct instances mentioned of 
Jenkins giving evidence in a court of justice — (1) That mentioned 
by Miss Savile, where he asserted that he had been Lord Con- 
yew* butler 120 years before ; this may have taken place in 
1655, when he was 146 years old ; the point in dispute according 
to Mr. Clarkson was a right of way. (2) The deposition made 
at Catterick in 1667 16 when he was 157 years old. (3) The trial 
at York, where he was witness on the part of Mrs. Wastell, of 
Ellerton, (see Sir Reginald Graham's letter). 

It is of this last trial that Mr. Clarkson gives the account 
that Mrs. WastelTs agent found at Ellerton a son and grandson 

H Some of the printed accounts mentioned also a trial in the year 1667 
between the vicar of Catterick and John and Peter Mawbank, in which 
Jenkins deposed as a witness. Clarkson does not mention it. Two farmers 
Peter and William Wawbank (i.e., Walbank) were living at Uckerby at that 
time. 



/ 



/ 



64 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

of Henry Jenkins, both of whom were much more infirm in 
memory and in body than the patriarch himself; but the 
registers above cited make it probable that no one of the name 
except Henry Jenkins and his wife was buried at Bolton 6ince 
the year 1658, when those registers commence. 

VIII. The law suits in which Jenkins 1 depositions were ad- 
mitted show that the Court thought he had no intention to 
deceive, and that his assertion might be allowed as evidence of 
ancient usage to the extent of eighty or a hundred years. The 
principal evidence of the 169 years is Miss Savile's examination 
and letters ; her integrity and judgment are beyond dispute ; 
her account tells us what Jenkins' own assertion and belief 
were, and the reasons he gave for them ; the letters with other 
corroborative proofs establish the fact that Jenkins was fre- 
quently talked to and questioned about his age, not by his own 
poor neighbours only, but by well-informed persons able to 
detect an anachronism or contradiction of known historical 
facts. 

Jenkins 1 fame in his own neighbourhood would be kept up 
and maintained by the paper read before the Royal Society ; that 
society was then popular and fashionable, and Dr. Robinson, a 
distinguished naturalist and court physician. The notice in 
Prideaux' Connection sufficiently shows how extensively Jenkins 
was credited at the beginning of the last century ; some of the 
things told of him may be proved impossible or false, but this 
does not invalidate the truth of what had already been com- 
mitted to writing, while they certainly show that the main fact, 
his great age, was very universally admitted. 

The publication of Miss Savile's letters and the erection of 
the monument in Bolton Church would be a sort of double test 
and challenge to all who might be inclined to dispute the matter. 
The gentlemen who remembered Jenkins could scarcely all of 
them have been ignorant of Sir Tancred Bobinson's publication, 
and would have contradicted it either publicly or privately had 
they believed it false in any essential point ; yet the sons of 
these men must have known and some of them contributed to 
the monument erected in 1748. At that time the residents in 
the parish seem to have been as numerous and respectable as 
they had been seventy years before. 17 The church registers 
furnish no evidence either way; and if the assertion, "my 
father knew and conversed with Jenkins and believed what he 
said of himself," had been met by a counter assertion, " my 
father, or uncle, had conversed with Jenkins, and gave no credit 
to what he said," in this case the subscription for a monument 
could never have succeeded — public opinion would have been 
on the side of the doubters. 



J 7 In the parish of Bolton were Chr. Crowe, Leonard Bower, and John 
Wright, Esqa., and the Bev. John Noblo, Master of the Grammar School. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 65 

The history of the portrait is not wholly satisfactory, and 
does not bear directly on the question of Jenkins' age ; we have 
seen that he attended the York Assizes in 1655 or earlier. A 
great provincial metropolis where many distinguished Yorkshire 
families had houses and resided a part of the year, might well 
be visited by a portrait painter, and the remarkable face which 
the engraving exhibits would be as likely to attract his notice. 
Prince Charles would scarcely buy an inferior picture or an 
imaginary portrait ; the facts certainly tend to show that belief 
in Jenkins' great age was general and well founded. The en- 
graving was published ten years after the erection of the 
monument at the price of 2s. ; the publisher must have reckoned 
upon a very extensive sale to make such a price remunerative. 

The publication of the engraving may serve also to show that 
the subscription for the monument ten years before was not 
got up through the caprice or money of a single individual. 
Had it been so, it would have been regarded either with indiffer- 
ence or with ridicule; whereas we find the inscription published 
in the Gentleman's Magazine in 1749, and ten years later 
Scott, the great commentator on the Bible, seemed to think 
that Jenkins and his monument had made Bolton famous. (See 
Scott's life, p. 6.) 

The evidences we have collected show clearly that those who 
questioned Jenkins were satisfied of the truth of his statements, 
that they were numerous and some of them well-informed per- 
sons, of judgment and intelligence, able and willing to detect a 
falsehood ; still the fact of his great age rests primarily on his 
own assertion, nor under the circumstances could it easily have 
rested on any other. But the improbability of his passing 
successfully examinations to which he was subjected is on 
several accounts very considerable. He had no access to any 
written records, and the old chronicles, consulted by those who 
questioned him, abound in minute particulars of time, place, 
and persons, precisely the kind of things that would be likely 
to remain in his memory if he really remembered them, and to 
puzzle and confute him if he did not. We can fancy only two 
ways which promise any chance of success in such an imposture 
—either that he was somewhat younger, ten or fifteen years 
perhaps, than he asserted himself to be, and that he told as of 
himself things which as a boy he remembered hearing talked of; 
or that he had been for several years the friend and associate 
of some intelligent old man greatly his senior, and afterwards 
told his friend's reminiscences as if they were his own and had 
happened to himself. Let any person of education endeavour 
on such data only and without the aid of books to arrange and 
execute an imposture, and then let him imagine how far a 
footman, or butler, unaccustomed to the study of history or 
fiction would be likely to succeed in the same attempt. 

T.F-L. p 



66 Y0RK6SIRE FOLK-LORE. 

The statements which the other old people of Ellerton and 
Bolton made to Miss Savile respecting Jenkins would be little 
to the purpose unless they had meant that he was an old man 
when they were young, ie., about the year 1600, for they were 
about 100 years of age in 1664, the time of which Miss Savik 
speaks; they imply also that he had resided in or near the 
parish of Bolton ever Bince they knew him ; if so he must have 
told his stories about Flodden and the reign of Henry VIII. 
from the year 1600 to 1664 without having been convicted of 
falsehood. 

We ought also to bear in mind that he lived during the 
[Reformation and through the great Rebellion ; whichever party 
he sympathised with, whether Popish or Protestant, Cavalier 
or Roundhead, he would have the importance of religion and 
the obligation of an oath strongly brought before him, and this 
applies especially to his depositions as a witness in trials 
respecting property." 

o— — 

Abkenoabthdale. — As an illustration of Christian names 
derived from the Bible, allow me to mention that a few years 
ago I married in the Church of this place a couple whose 
Christian names were respectively Obadiah and Tabitha. Many 
of our Christian names are, however, derived from medieval 
and other sources, as Anthony, George, Edward, Robert, 
Richard, William, Ambrose, Sylvester, Margaret, Catharine, 
Ann, Vincent, Cuthbert, Leonard, Hugh, Lancelot. At the 
present time "fancy" names, as the people here call them, seem 
to be in favour ; thus one boy has been baptized among the 
Wesleyans in the name of Oliver Cromwell, another Admiral. 
With regard to the initials C. B., (p. 22,) the sign of the chief 
inn in the dale, they stand for Charles Bathurst, Esq., who in 
the 18th century had large share of the ownership of the Manor, 
with its lead-mines. These mines were worked in the reign of 
King John, if they were not, as is very probable, worked by the 
Romans. J.T. 



Striking thx Luck.— What was the nature of the custom of 
dealers in horses striking the luck of the guinea when horses 
were sold. My grandfather, Thomas Busby, native of Holme, 
Yorkshire, bought a horse at a fair at some Common and struck 
the luck of a guinea and lost it. The next year he bought 
another horBe at the same place and was asked to strike the 
luck of a guinea. He said, " No, this day twelve months ago, 
I bought a horse at this very place, and struck the luck of a 
guinea and lost it," the same time poking with his stick in the 
ground he recovered the lost guinea. 

M. T. Mobball, Matlock. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



67 



INTRODUCTORY. 

One of the most in- 
teresting books in the 
Annals of Scottish liter- 
ature is Dean Ramsay's 
''Reminiscences of 
Scottish Life & Charac- 
ter ," — a work chiefly 
composed of anecdotes, 
ho arranged as to throw 
a flood of light 
upon the vari- 
ous phases of 
Scottish charac- 
ter, of which the 
compiler treats. 
A similar 
work to thiB is 
wanted on be- 
half of York- 
shire, a county 
brimful of 
humorous, 
quaint and ec- 
centric charac- 
ter, and with 
abundant ma- 
terial scattered 
here and there 
in its folk-lore 
and literature. 

When the Rev. S. Baring-Gould first contemplated his work on 
" Yorkshire Oddities," a friend of his assured him that he little 
knew the gravity of the task he had undertaken, "for," said he, 
"every other Yorkshireman you meet is a 'character'." The 
work, however, was carried to a successful completion, and 
although it only touches upon some curious and out-of-the-way 
phases of Yorkshire Character, yet it remains an interesting 
and valuable contribution to the subject. 

This is more than can be said of Mrs. GaskelTs attempt (in 
her " Life of Charlotte Bronte,") to paint the Yorkshireman as 
he is supposed to exist in certain wild and isolated corners of 
the broad county. The grim and uncivilised creature that she 
has painted (based upon a few extravagant stories she has 




68 YORKSHIKE FOLK-LOBE. 

picked up) is no more the typical Yorkshireman of the moors 
and mountains, than is the idiotic lampoon depicted upon the 
London stage — the " John Chawbacon " sort of fellow that most 
Cockneys believe him to be. 

In giving some illustrations of Yorkshire Character by means 
of Anecdote, in these pages, no attempt at classification or 
arrangement, will be made. The compiler will simply confine 
himself to incidents that come within his own knowledge and 
for the truth of which he can in most instances vouch. Were 
he to overstep the bounds of this restriction, the resources of 
his portfolio of " Yorkshire Anecdote," might fill untold pages 
of the Yorkshire Notes and Queries. 



Some years ago there lived in Bradford two men, respectively 
named Hirst and Lister, who were remarkable for their size and 
build. To appear in the streets in open day was quite enough 
to draw a small crowd about them. 

They were once sent to London to give certain evidence 
before a Committee of the House of Commons. 

On their entering the room where the gentlemen sat, the 
Chairman, struck by their portly appearance, and wishing to 
crack a joke at their expense, asked if he might take them as 
a fair sample of Yorkshiremen, "0, dear no I " replied Hirst 
very coolly, "we are mere shrimps compared to some 'of 'em." 
The hearty laughter that followed somewhat disconcerted the 
Chairman, who felt that the joke was not all on his side. 



I have heard my father, who came from near York, vouch for 
the truth of the following story. — 

Some years ago, when hanging for sheep stealing was in 
vogue, a farmer who lived within a few miles of York, was 
charged with having committed a crime of that sort and con- 
demned to be hanged. On the day previous to his execution 
his wife came to see him and, with an eye to the progress of 
business matters at home, asked him where the beans were to 
be sown in the coming spring. After a moment's reflection the 
poor man exclaimed, " I really don't know, lass, sow 'em where 
tha' likes, I never was so grieved in my life." 



How delightfully innocent was the mistake made by an old 
woman in Wensleydale, when entering a Church for the first 
time in her life. Even then she somehow contrived to be late, 
and the people were just rising to sing. Struck by this mark 
of respect (as she took it) to her, she exclaimed, holding up her 
hands, "Neay, neay, sit ye down agean; its nobbut Betty 
Bates aat o' Swaledale ; sit deown, preya ! " 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 69 

I have heard another story hailing from Wensleydale, of a 
certain old lady, who, on hearing one of two benighted travellers 
whom she had taken in for the night from stress of weather, 
read aloud from his pocket Shakespeare, exclaimed " Ay, well, 
it fair does one's heart gooid to hear t' Scripter read so nicely." 

The Bradford and Wakefield Chronicle of October 15, 1825, 
records a wonderful instance of fortitude in the case of a boy, 
who was then working in the coal mines at Bowling, near 
Bradford. The poor lad had the misfortune to have one of his 
toes cut off by the fall of a large stone. He, however, managed 
to stop the bleeding, and, wrapping up the toe in a bit of brown 
paper, pursued his work till night. He then came down to 
Bradford and applied to a Surgeon to have it set on again, 
coolly producing it out of his waistcoat pocket where it had 
been for nearly eight hours. Bravo, Son of Iron 1 Here was 
Bowling metal of the genuine ring. W.S. 
o 

I was waiting at a junction near Leeds to day for a train, 
when a working man amused the score of people that were 
present by affirming that he knew a man with a wooden leg, 
who was in the habit of poking the shod-end into the fire to 
warm his toes, — the toes that he had lost some years before ; 
and this not as a mere habit or sentiment but to quell the 
'Imaging' in his thigh. Disrelishing the laugh that followed 
this narration, our entertainer affirmed further that a woman 
in their village had her foot amputated, and at certain seasons 
felt the pangs of a horrid, old corn that was buried with her 
lost member. He seemed not only to believe it himself, but to 
gain credence with some of the rustics. On my expostulation, 
he suited me by saying he would rather believe it than 
experience it. * * * 



Two Oxford scholars meeting on the road with a Yorkshire 
ostler, they fell to bantering him, and told the fellow that they 
would prove him to be either a horse or an ass. "Well," 
said the ostler, "and I can prove your saddle to be a mule." 
"A mule," cried one of them; " how can that be?" "Because," 
said the ostler, "it is something between a horse and an ass." 

* * * 



The following appears in a Liberal newspaper of recent 
date: Mr. Robert Leake, sen., of Pringle House, Normanton, 
is dead. Weighing twenty-six stone, he was sketched in a 
London illustrated journal as "a specimen of a Yorkshire Con- 
servative," on the occasion of a Nostell Priory demonstration. 
Tory though he was, he had grown fat on Free Trade bread. 

* * * 



70 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Jin (Bib Wousb anit its (Sfrast- 




Paper Hall, Bradford. 

Of the few remaining links connecting Bradford as a very 
small market town in bygone times, with Bradford as a large 
commercial metropolis as we see it to day, the on.ce stately old 
mansion in Barkerend, known as the Paper Hall, is about the 
last that is deserving of notice. But even this relic of " the 
olden time " has been so hacked and beaten out of its former 
shape and semblance, that it will cost but few pangs of regret 
when it shall become necessary to remove it out of sight al- 
together. 

The few traces that remain of its original appearance suffice 
to show that it has been one of Bradford's finest mansions. It 
was one of several old houses of the Bradford Aristocracy that 
once clustered around the Parish Church. The long streets of 
cottages, and small huckster's shops that are now plentiful 
enough in this locality, were never so much as dreamt of when 
the Paper Hall was built. Green fields bordered both sides of 
.the road, then the only highway to Leeds. In front of the hail 
lay the glebe lands of the church, which after changing hands 
a great many times, came into the possession of the late Mr. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 71 

Peekover, on a portion of which he built the mansion known as 
Eastbrook House. 

The Paper Hall stood then, as it does now, with its retiring 
oentre and its projecting wings to the east and west. The 
only entrance to it was at the front, and a well-dressed flower 
garden bloomed on each side of its main entrance. All around 
it was a spacious Court-yard, with all the a4junots for a mansion 
of such pretensions. 

How the place came to be called the Paper Hall, or the pre- 
cise year when it was erected, we do not know, but we do know 
that it was built by William Bookes, of Boyds Hall, near 
Halifax, who died on the 25th of October, 1661. From the 
Bookes it came by purchase into the possession of the Bowers, 
one of the oldest and most respectable of Bradford families. 

The next stage in the history of the Paper Hall is as curious 
as it is interesting. Towards the close of last century it was 
occupied by Mr. James Garnett, and it was during the residence 
here of that worthy soul that the first spinning machine in 
Bradford was set up. Some years ago, an old overlooker named 
John Hutton, formerly engaged in the factory of Mr. Wm. 
Garnett, (grandson of the above named James) made the 
following statement, — " I am seventy years of age. When about 
ten years- old I went to school in Barkerend and remember 
spinning machines being used in the Paper Hall by Mr. James 
Garnett, who employed in the work ten or a dozen hands. The 
machines (spinning mules) were turned by hand/' 

Mr. Garnett resided in one portion of the hall, while he plied 
his trade in the other portions of it. In the early struggles of 
the Independent Church in Bradford, the engagement of a room 
suitable for public worship was a matter of no little difficulty. 
Until better provision could be made James Garnett generously 
offered the use of one of the large rooms in the Paper Hall, 
which was gladly accepted. Among those who then composed 
the small Independent community in Bradford, were the 
honoured names of James Garnett and Eleanor his wife, worthy 
founders of a family which in more recent times has attained a 
prominent position in the Worsted trade. 

Even in the days of James Garnett, the Paper Hall could 
boast of much of its ancient splendour. The good man took a 
pride in making its fine old oak glitter with the bees' wax and 
oil with which it was constantly rubbed. To day, alas I its 
appearance is the very contrast of this, the hall has been put 
to such "base uses," and has been so mutilated and defaced 
that it is difficult to form a conception of what it was like in 
bygone days. Such is its solidity however, that some portions 
of the building seem to defy the ravages of time itself. In the 
disturbed times of the Revolution, for the Paper Hall was com- 
pleted during the Commonwealth, an Englishman's home had 



72 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

literally to be his Castle ; hence the doors of the hall are so 
constructed, being studded all over with nails, and provided 
with huge draw-bars at the back* as to be capable of resisting 
any attempt on the part of the enemy to intrude upon the 
privacy of the owner. All the floors, both upper and lower, 
are of solid old English black oak, and every beam and rafter 
is of the same material, and so also are all the old mantel pieces 
of the fire-grates. What was once the principal sitting-room is 
panelled from the floor to the roof, the latter having a carved 
black oak cornice all the way round. 

And now having said so much about the old hall and its 
former owners, it is time that we should speak of its ghost 
Without this its traditional history would be quite incomplete. 
We have not seen the ghost ourselves, but we have it on the 
authority of the blacksmith, whose workshop is just behind the 
hall, that it may be both seen and heard. " A pair of large 
staring eyes, belonging to a face of * gashly ' aspect, may often 
be seen looking out of the windows,'* says the smith, " and at 
dead of night mysterious sounds are heard in the old staircase, 
as of someone treading restlessly up and down," such sounds 
betokening the use of a wooden leg, which is believed to be that 
of a certain old admiral who was murdered here at some time 
or other, and whose spirit refuses to be "laid," ad all good 
spirits should. It is not quite clear, however, whether the face 
that is seen at the window is that of the old admiral ; but the 
smith " of large and sinewy hands," can swear to having dis- 
tinctly heard the " dot and carry one " tread of his ghost in its 
nightly perambulations. The thing is therefore beyond all 
question. If any of our readers do not believe the story, we 
have only to say that as the old Paper Hall is yet in existence, 
and the blacksmith is still " swinging his heavy sledge, with 
measured beat and slow," in his " stithy" behind, they are at 
liberty to investigate the matter for themselves. They will find 
the smith to be a chatty, communicative soul. 

We must not forget to mention, (on the blacksmith's au- 
thority) the existence of a subterranean passage leading from 
the hall to the Parish Church, but for what purpose such a 
means of intercommunication between these places was made 
we cannot very clearly make out. The redoubtable smith how- 
ever assured us that he has not only fathomed its depths, but 
has even discovered a skeleton in it with a rusty sword at its 
side, but whether it was the skeleton of a man or woman he is 
not quite clear. He was much too frightened to make necessary 
investigations on this point. W. Sobutoh. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 78 

A Methodist Preacher at Skipton in Graven recently prayed: 
" Lord, at this critical juncture of events, be pleased to grant 
that Mr. Gladstone and his supporters may hang together ; " 
whereupon a well-known Tory exclaimed, "Amen! Amen!" 
To remedy matters the minister continued: " Lord, I mean, 
may they in accord and concord hang together." "Amen! 
Amen 1 " retorted the Tory, " any sort of cord so long as they 
hang in it." * * * 

Bomans and Roman Catholics. — Tour reference to the con- 
fusion that obtains regarding the identity of the two Cromwells, 
Thomas and Oliver, induces me to call attention to another 
popular error, the confounding of the Roman occupation and 
the Roman Catholic religion. Our Abbeys are frequently said, 
by the common people, to have been built by the Romans. 



Low Countbt Lopb-hoil. — What is a Low Country Lipe, 
Lahpe, or Lope Hoil? A wide mouth is said to be like one. T. 



Populab Rhymes. Births. 

Monday's Bairn is fair of face, 
Tuesday's Bairn is full of grace, 
Wednesday's Bairn's the child of woe, 
Thursday's Bairn has far to go, 
Friday's Bairn is loving and giving, 
Saturday's Bairn works hard for a living ; 
But the Bairn that's born on a Sabbath day, 
Is lucky and bonny and wise and gay. 

Marriages. 
The Woman that changes Jier name and not the first letter, 
ifl all for the worse and none for the better. 

The Children here play the game : — When you are married 
be sure and be good, and help your wife to chop the wood. 

Matlock. 

Poob Man's Bane, and Antidote, (p. 12). — We find this poem 
appeared in the Lonsdale Magazine, 1820, where it bears the 
signature "Pauper," Sedbusk, 8th August, 1820. Two poems 
u the same volume appear from the pen of the Rev. E. Fawcett, 
8edbii8k, near Hawes. They are entitled " The Seasons, Analo- 
gous to Man/ 9 and " Reflections on Human Life." Ed. 



Giammab of Yorkshire Dialects. — Dr. — , M.A., Professor at 
a German University, suggests that this desirable object should 
b at once attempted. Assistance invited. 



74 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Militant Barnes Ifcmttt. 

" Not made so proper for singing as reading." 

Of William Darney, alias " Scotch Will," the pedlar preacher, 
nothing is recorded prior to 1742; when in the preface to 
Hymn 162 of his hymn book he says, "In the year of our Lord 
1742, after I had begun preaching, (sometime when I was 
under great affliction both of body and mind) I began te 
question my call to the ministry, altho' I had a clear call in 
October before. The words were impressed upon my mind 
which I put in verse after as followeth." 

1. " When thus the second time that He, 

My loving Ood and Lord, 
Was pleased for to reveal to me, 
That I should preach His word. 

2. As a defenced city He, 

Did promise me to make ; 
And as an iron pillar strong 
Which never none could shake." 

continued to ten stanzas. 

Of the locality of his birth, early life, conversion, and the 
commencement of his ministry, nothing is known. He is 
traditionally stated to have preached at Bradford, Manningham, 
Eeighley, and intermediate places, about the year 1744. In 
1745, the Bev. William Grimshaw went to hear him preach at 
a house in the ginnel nearly opposite the Church gates at 
Haworth, in order to confute his arguments, but he was con- 
vinced that Darney was right, and after several private conver- 
sations with him, conceived it to be his duty to assist in the 
work in which he was engaged ; and shortly after began to visit 
"Darney's Societies," as learner and instructor. These 
societies were founded and visited by Darney ; they were also 
called " Darney's Bound, because he went regularly round in 
succession preaching and holding conversational meetings with 
the members. 

His round included a number of places in the neighbour- 
hood of Heptonstall, Todmorden, Rochdale, Ooodshaw Chapel 
in Bossendale, Bacup, Padiham, Pendleforest, Colne, &e. His 
societies were visited by the Revs. John and Charles Wesley, in 
1747. Darney at this time carried his pedlar's pack, sold his 
wares, and preached a free gospel. In 1748, he was received 
at the Leeds Conference as an itinerant preacher, and appointed 
by Mr. Wesley, at Mr. Grimshaw's request, to the Haworth 
round. 

The following entries occur in the cirouit account book — 
Oct. 10— Gave Wm. Darney 1/7. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 75 

Jan. 10, 1749— To Wm. Darney'e wife £1 10s. 

Do. A pair of boots for Wm. Darney 14/- 

April 8, 1749— To Wm. Darney's wife £2 2s. 
July 11, 1749— Do. do. £1 10s. 

He several times receives money " for horse shoeing. 1 ' 
In October 1749, Darney brings the quarterage 6/6, from 
Menstou, (Otley.) The quarterly meetings were discontinued 
until 1754. 

In 1750 and 1751, he laboured in the Leeds and Sheffield 
circuits. 
In tins latter year he published 

A COLLECTION 

OF 

HYMNS. 

By WILLIAM DARNEY. 

In four Pabts. 

Lbbdes : 
Printed by James Lister, 1751. 

Each part has a separate Title page. Part II. has Leedes 
printed by James Lister, at New-Street-End. 

A large proportion of the hymns have passages of Scripture 
prefixed indicative of the subject; some have special titles — "A 
penitential hymn;" "Hymn for sanctifying grace," &c; others 
have titles pointing out the circumstances under which they 
were written. Hymn 7, " The progress of the gospel in divers 
parts of Great Britain/' (not made so proper for singing as for 
reading.)" Hymn 74, "A hymn first made for the little 
societies in the North of Yorkshire." Hymns 102 and 108, 
" Funeral Hymns, first made for William and Mary Calbert, a 
young couple who lay sick together, and died on one bed, Au- 
gust, 1750." "Rev: 14-18." Hymn 116, "A Hymn first made 
for the Bough Lee Society." 

In 1755, he published at Glasgow, a treatise on the Funda- 
mental Doctrines of the Holy Scriptures. 

At a special conference of preachers held by the Rev. Charles 
Wesley, at Leeds, in 1751, Darney was examined, and written 
instructions were left with William Shent, that unless he — 
Darney — "would abstain from railing, begging, and printing 
nonsense, he should not be allowed to preach in any of the 
Methodist Societies and preaching houses." He would have 
been excluded from the list of preachers but for an appeal on 
Kb behalf by Mr. Orimshaw. In 1758 he was in Wales, and 
afterwards in Scotland, but appears to have had no regular 
appointment for several years. At the Bristol Conference, 



s 

/ 



76 YOBKSHIBE FOLK-LOBE. 

1758, among other questions in the minutes in reference to the 
preachers is the following: "Can we receive Wm. Darney?" 
" Not till we are fully assured that he does not rail, print, or 
sell wares, without a license.** He received no appointment, 
but was employed by Mr. Grimshaw as an evangelist in the 
neighbourhoods of Haworth, Halifax, &c. He remained in the 
Haworth Circuit or Bound until 1764, when he was stationed 
in Cornwall. He continued in full circuit work at different 
places until 1769, when he settled at Barley, near Pendle Hill, 
continuing to labour as a local preacher, and supporting him- 
self by travelling, but a man of deep piety, strong sense, and 
burning zeal, with a courage that fearlessly defied all opposition. 
There was a rich vein of evangelical truth in his preaching, 
often delivered with the quaintness of the old Puritan preach- 
ers, which pleased and profited many. Perhaps, too, his 
popularity was not lessened, by his frequently at the close of 
his sermon giving out an extemporary hymn, adapted to the 
subject upon which he had been discoursing. The poetry of 
these extemporaneous effusions was not indeed of the first- 
class, but it interested the people, and his preaching was made 
the power of God to the salvation of many." 

Darney stands forth like a comet in the religious history of 
Yorkshire, and probably more credit is due to him than has 
yet been recorded in Methodist histories. That he was an 
illiterate man may easily be seen, but his genius and unflinch- 
ing boldness and eloquence enabled him to wield a powerful 
influence amongst the uneducated people. 

C. D. Habdcastle. 

THE PBOGBESS OP THE GOSPEL IN DIVEBS 
PLACES* OP GBEAT-BBATAIN (Sic.) 

1. In mercy guard thy little Flock, which do in Hawnby meet; 
build them up upon the Book, and keep them at thy Feet. 

2. When they were persecuted sore, for owning thy great name; 
Thou did defend them by thy Power, and thou remains the 

same. 
8. keep them from the foe within, (for he more subtile is) 
Their own besetting Bosom Sin, and we thy name shall bless 

4. On Silton and Osmotfierly, in mercy Lord look down ; 
Bemember likewise Ingleby, thou blessed Holt One. 

5. keep them from the Enemy, unite them more in Love ; 
O help them all to trust in Thee, and never from Thee more. 

6. Thou knows how weak and frail they are, and easy turned 

aside; 
guard them by thy mighty Power, in Jesus to abide. 

7. In Cleveland and in Stokesley Town, where Satan keeps his 

Seat; 

•Haying readers " in divers places of Great Bratain," we eopy the whole. Bi. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 77 

Come ! our God and oast him down* for Thou art very 
great. 

8. But in the midst of all the Town, thou know*st a lot doth 

dwell; 
With all his House Him do thou own, for He doth love thee 
well. 

9. He loves Thee, for thou first lov'd him, when he was gone 

astray; 
And brought him to thy self again, out of the evil Way. 

10. keep him and his Family, and all that with him meet ; 
That they may Thanks give unto thee, whose Love is very 

great. 

11. Open a Door to preach thy Word, in spite of Satan's Power ; 
From Satan's Power pluok Sinners, Lord t before he them 

devour. 

12. In Martain, thou hast called a few, who in thy Name do 

meet; 
Lord do their Hearts renew, and keep them at thy feet. 

13. They are in Danger now of Pride, that they shall never fall; 
keep them Savioub by thy side, and then they never shall. 

14. Remember Think, and Towns around, in Mercy and in 

Love; 
Some do obey the Gospel Sound, help them from Above. 

15. Help them to keep their garments clean, thy Name for to 

adore; 
That others unto thee may tufti, and praise thee evermore. 

16. In Holme there are some gracious souls, who've tasted of 

thy Grace ; 
But Satan doth throw in Gontrouls, his Power, O Lord, 
deface. 

17. That they may all agree in one, to meet and serve the 

Lord; 
In Unity of Spirit join, according to thy Word. 

18. In Bishopbridge and Stockton Town, the Gospel now do speed ; 
In Barnard Castle up and down, some are raised from the 

dead. 

19. Newcastle, in Northumberland, a Church there planted is ; 
Which by the Grace of God shall stand, his Holy Name to 

praise. 

20. Her Branches now around doth spread, the Country Towns 

all o'er ; 
They reach to Berwick upon Tweed, upon the Scottish Shore. 

21. In Whitehaven, we now do hear, a glorious Work's begun ; 
Bide on thou glorious Conqueror, thy Work there carry on. 

22. Our dear Bedeemer is at Work, the Country all around ; 
And in the City now of York the Gospel trump we sound. 

28. In Rufforih and in Accomb Town our Saviour hath a few ; 
Who do give Glory to his Name, for Mercies ever new. 



r 



78 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

24. Likewise to Selby>we do go, God's Mercies to proclaim ; 
And warn the people there also, to trust in Jesus Name. 

25. And to that pop'lous Place called Hull, where People far 

and near, 
On the Account of Ships that sail, oome to buy foreign Ware. 

26. And now the Gospel- Ship is come, rich laden from Above ; 
The Sailor's (8k) cry in Jesus Name, the Riches of his love. 

27. Here is good Ware that will enrich, all those who it receive. 
The Poor and Needy, and all such are welcome who believe. 

28. Repent, believe, and take, who will, now of this heavenly 

Store; 
Here now is plenty foryou all, make Rich for ever more. 

29. But if you now our Wares refuse, and feed on Husks like 

Swine; 
Towards another Coast we'll cruise, where they'll receive 
our Wine. 

80. And in that Day when we sail home, up to our Port above; 
Our Captain will bid you be gone, for trampling on his 

Love. 

81. Then will ye all repent too late, his Mercy ne'er shall know, 
dismal then will be your Fate, to burn in endless Woe. 

82. In Leedes and many Towns around, the Work goes sweetly 

on; 
There's many hear the Gospel Sound, and to the Bavioub 

turn. 
88. may the Number xnord increase, to feel the sprinkling 

Blood ; 
Which do thy People all refresh, to praise thy Name O God. 

84. In Birstal and in Towns that's near, have long Time heard 

the sound, 
Of thy sweet Gospel Savioub dear; let much Fruit there be 
found. 

85. purge thou them from Biggotry, likewise from spiritual 

Pride, 
And make them simple, set them free in Jasus to abide. 

86. do thou them restore again, God, to their first Love ; 
Then shall they cheerfully go on, And never from thee 

move. 

87. On Wakefield cast a pitying Eye, for it hath long withstood; 
And did thy Messenger defy. O turn thou them O God. 

88. On Bradford likewise look thou down, where Satan keeps 

his Seat; 
Come by thy Power Lobd him disthrone, for thou art very 
great. 

89. In Windall* and in Baildon Town, thy Children simple be: 
In Yeadon and in Menston-green, some truly mourn for thee. 

40. In Ecclesall,* they're stiff and proud, and few that dwell 
therein, 

• Windfall!, EocleahilL 



YORKSHIRE FOLK LOBE. 79 

Do shew they've any fear of God, or hatred unto Sin. 

41. let them feel thy mighty Power, before that they do die ; 
And save them from their hellish Gore, on Jesus to rely. 

42. In Keighley, by thine own right Hand, a Church is planted 

there; 
help them Sayioub all to stand, thy Goodness to declare. 

48. Haworth't a place that God doth own, with many a sweet 

smile; 
With Power the Gospel preach'd therein, which many one 
doth feel. 

44. Both far and near they hither come, their hungry souls to 

feed: 
And God from Heaven sendeth down, to them the living 
Bread. 

45. There's many go rejoicing home, in praising of their God ; 
And want their Neighbours for to come, and taste the 

heav'nly Food. 

46. But while the Strangers do receive, the Blessing from above, 
There's many near the Church that starve for want of 

Jksus Love. 

47. They do content themselves like Swine to feed on Husks 

and Dirt ; 
For all their pleasure is to Sin, and live in carnal Sport. 
46. At Bradforddale, near Thornton Town, and Places all 
around; 
And at Lingbob sometimes at Noon, the Gospel trump we 
sound. 

49. There are some few that do obey, our dear Redeemer's call ; 
And by his Grace they daily pray, that Christ may be their All. 

50. In Bradshaw and in Maxinden, our Saviour hath a few ; 
Who sweetly of his Love can tell, which doth their Souls 

renew. 

51. At Booth and Sowerby here and there, Christ hath a little 

flock; 
keep them from the Wolf and Bear, and hide them in 
the Bock. 

52. In HaUfax, and Sktrcoat-green, some precious Souls there be ; 
Which are now saved by Faith alone, and bring forth Fruit 

to thee. 
58. In Qreetland and at Bradley-Hall, and Lamb-coat there axe 

some; 
SaUenden-noak and Gowker-hill who seek to know the Lamb. 
64. In Htptonstall, the Parish flirough, the Gospel fftill doth 

spread; 
And here and there, there are a few which on the Savioub 

feed. 
56. Near Todmorden our blessed Lord, a Church hath planted 

there : 



/ 



80 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

The Pillars stand firm to his Word, his goodness they 
declare. 

56. The Gospel of our Lobd doth spread, likewise in Rottendall: 
In NewhaU-hay and Oakney-wood, Chkist is become their Ail. 

57. In Mercy Lobd t look thou down, on those about Good- 

sIulw ; 
For many of thy Lambs are torn, by Wolves who cunning 
be. 

58. These cunning Wolves the Truth in part, hold in un- 

righteousness ; 
But do not feel within their heart, the dear Redeemer's 
Bliss. 

59. For Faith that's true it works by Loye, and doth the Heart 

renew ; 
It sets the Mind on things Above, to witness God is true. 

60. Our dear Redeemer doth declare, the Tree's known by the 

Fruit : 
Of the true Vine Believers are, in Jesus they take Root. 

61. The Mind of Chbist implanted is, in each Believer's Heart; 
Which makes them sing their Savioub's Praise who is their 

happy Part. 

62. bring thou back these wand'ring Sheep, thou loving 

Savioub dear. 
And in thy Fold them do thou Keep by thine Almighty 

Power. 
68. On Pendleforest, from above God do thou look down ; 
Please to restore to their first love, thy People there again. 

64. In Harden, and in Simons tone, and Higham there's a few ; 

that thy Love may melt them down, and all their Hearts 
renew. 

65. At Sherfanside and Brimincroft the Work it is begun ; 
And Satan's Soldiers they do fight for fear we take Black- 
burn. 

66. To Chipping, and to Wycoler, we go each fortnight day : 

1 wish we could see Fruit appear, for that we still do pray. 

67. At Deinliead also at Bank- House, and other places near ; 
They now do long for Jesus bliss, our God to love and fear. 

68. In ShackerUy, and in Bolton, likewise in Harewood-Lee ; 
Our Savioub his Grace dropt down, and set his children free. 

69. And others he is calling still, and many they do mourn ; 
And long the Savioub's Power to feel, for to remove their 

Sin. 

70. In Manchester, that Populous Place, where trade hath 

flourished long ; 
In worldly Riches they increase, which fills both Heart 
and Tongue. 

71. Yet with all Art and cunning Skill, they cannot make one 

Robe, 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 81 

To Cloath a naked troubled Soul, who feels the Wrath of 
God. 
72. But now of late good News we bring, to all who give an Ear ; 
Here are fine Robes which make them sing who do the 
same now wear. 
78. But if you ask me when it was, that these fine Robes were 
spun; 
It was when Christ did bear our Curse, and died for our Sin. 

74. Come therefore now each naked Soul, put on this wedding 

Dress ; 
Believe and Chbist shall be your All, the Lobd our 
Righteousness. 

75. Therefore Manchester! return, this Call it is for you ; 
8eek to be saved by Grace alone, this Doctrine is for you. 

76. True Grace thro' Faith will bring good Fruit and make 

your Hearts rejoice ; 
In the true Vine when you take root and glorifie his Grace. 

77. In Cheshire still the work doth spread,and Jesus gets the Day: 
praise him all ye faithful Seed, still do ye watch and pray. 

78. All ye at Holme likewise Botlibank, Warburton, Oldjield-brow* 
Go on dear Souls, and never shrink for Jesus pleads for you. 

79. In Cluster, and in Alpraham, there's some that can rejoice ; 
Their Hearts do dance at Jesus Name, who sav'd them by 

his Grace. 

80. How many places here and there, do long to hear the 

sound ; 
And Multitudes in Derbyshire, have the Redeemer found. 

81. Come now dear Reader, let us take a turn another where, 
As far as Syke-house and Fishlake, which joins to Lincolnshire. 

82. There are a few who do believe, in our Redeeming Lord ; 
And in their Hearts they do receive the Blessings of his 

Word. 
88. There is Rotherham and Sheffield, and likewise Barley -hay ; 
let thy Power defend and shield, them from their foes 
alway. 

84. There is Barley-liaU and High-green, Lord do not forget ; 
Help them to conquer every Sin, and worship at thy Feet. 

85. In Epwortft- Ferry, West-wood-side, still let thy Blessings flow ; 
The tender Lambs of Cloweth hide, within thy skirts alway. 

86. Preserve all those in Misterton who call upon thee there, 

save them from each Bosom Sin and all their Hearts 
Lobd! chear. 

87. Bless Hainton and sweet Conningsby, and make their Hearts 

rejoice ; 
And all that do with them draw nigh, unto the Throne of 
Grace. 

88. There is brother Toft and Wrangle, of late they have begun 
To seek let them never strangle ; but thy Work carry on. 

y.p-L. g 



82 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

89. dearest Saviour oast an eye, on Ludbrough's little Flock; 
On thy pure bosom let them lye, and hide them in the Rock. 

90. The few tender Lambs in Tliorsby O bear them in thine 

Arms; 
And thy precious sheep in Tetney keep them from Satan's 
Charms. 

91. Remember Lobd thy tender Vine, which thy Right Hand 

did plant ; 
Thy little Church in Grimsby Town, supply their every want. 

92. On Lasby few, and KilUngholm, still let thy Mercy flow ; 
And at AUcbrough and Winterton, thy paths teach them to go. 

98. In Bilton-Elland, and Garthorp, these Towns within the 
Isle; 
Dear Jesus carry on thy work, by thy own power and skill. 

94. In Birmingham and Staffordshire, Shrewsbury, Dudley Town : 
And all the Places joining near, thy Work still carry on. 

95. In EvWsham, London, and in Kent, and Essex all around ; 
keep thy People who repent, within thy Gospel sound. 

96. Sometimes from Wales good news we hear, which makes 

our Hearts rejoice ; 
That many do believe and fear, and sing redeeming Grace. 

97. Likewise the Tinners in Cornwall, which did play, drink and 

swear ; 
They now the Saviour's Grace do feel; his Holy Namb they 
fear. 

98. In Bristol, Bath, and in Kingswood, Chbist hath been long 

at Work ; 
And now the sound of Jesus Blood, hath reached unto Cork. 

99. The Gospel now doth spread we hear, much in the Irish 

Nation. 
And many Souls the Lord do fear, and in Christ find 
Salvation. 

100. In Scotland, Lord, in Mercy, thy Work do thou revive; 
And purge thou them from Biggotry, that they to thee 

may live. 

101. There's many Places up and down, whereof I do not know; 
That many unto God return, and love his Will to do. 

102. Gird on thy Sword upon thy Thigh, thou most mighty 

God. 
In Glory and in Majesty, with Garments dipt in Blood. 
108. Bide on, ride on, the Nation thro' and conquer them all 
o'er; 
That they to Jesus Name may bow and the Godhead adore. 
104. Make all the Nations fear thy Name, And Anti-Christ to 
fall; 
Then shall we ever Praise the Lamb our God, our All in 
All. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 88 

8upbb8tition8. — Whilst turning over the pages of an old 
prose epitome of extracts, published in 1792, I crime upon a 
humorous article oh the above subject, by " A Connoisseur ; " 
so, thinking it might be interesting to readers of local folk-lore, 
I followed Captain Cuttle's advice, and have made a "note 
on't." Here it is, with the spelling civilised, [? modernized] 
but otherwise verbatim : — 

"You must know, Mr. Town, that I am just returned from 
a visit of a fortnight to an old aunt in the North, where I was 
mightily diverted with the traditional superstitions, which are 
most religiously preserved in the family, as they have been 
delivered down, time out of mind, from their sagacious grand- 
mothers. When I arrived I found the mistress of the house 
very busily employed, with her two daughters, in nailing a 
horse-shoe to the threshhold of the door. This they told me, 
was to guard against the spiteful designs of an old woman, who 
was a witch, and had threatened to do the family a mischief 
because my young cousins laid two straws across to see if the 
old hag could walk over them. The young lady assured me 
that she had several times heard Goody Cripple mutter to her- 
self, and to be sure she was saying the Lord's Prayer back- 
wards. Besides, the old woman had very often asked them for 
a pin, but they took care never to give her anything that was 
sharp, because she should not bewitch them. They afterwards 
told me many other particulars of this kind, the same that are 
mentioned with infinite humour by the Spectator ; and to con- 
firm them they assured me that the eldest miss, when she was 
little, used to have fits, till the mother flung a knife at another 
old witch, whom the devil had carried off in a high wind, and 
fetched blood from her. When I was to go to bed,- my aunt 
made a thousand apologies for not putting me in the best room 
of the house, which, she said, had never been lain in since the 
death of an old washerwoman, who walked every night and 
haunted that room in particular. They fancied that the old 
woman had hid money somewhere, and could not rest till she 
had told somebody ; and my cousin assured me that she might 
have had it all to herself, for the spirit came to her bedside one 
night, and wanted to tell her, but she had not courage to speak 
to it. I learned also that they had a footman once, who 
hanged himself for love ; and he walked for a great while, till 
they got the parson to lay him in the Bed Sea. I had not been 
here long when an accident happened which very much alarmed 
the whole family. Towzer one night howled most terribly, 
which was a sure sign that somebody belonging to them would 
die. The youngest miss declared that she had heard the hen 
crow that morning, which was another fatal prognostic. They 
told me that just before uncle died Towzer howled so for 
several nights together that they could not quiet him ; and my 



84 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

aunt heard the death-watch tick as plainly as if there had been 
a clock in the room ; the maid, too, who sat up with him, heard 
a bell toll at the top of the stairs the very moment the breath 
went out of his body. Daring this discourse I overheard one 
of my cousins whisper the other that she was afraid their 
mamma would not live long, for she smelt an ugly smell, like 
a dead carcase. They had a dairymaid who died the very week 
after a hearse had stopped at the door on its way to church ; 
and the eldest miss, when she was but thirteen, saw her own 
brother's ghost, who was gone to the West Indies, walking in 
the garden ; and to be sure, nine months after, they had an 
account that he died on board the ship the very same day, and 
hour of the day, that miss saw his apparition. I need not 
mention to you the common incidents, which were accounted 
by them no less prophetic. If a cinder popped from the fire 
they were in haste to examine whether it was a purse or a 
coffin. They were aware of my coming long before I arrived, 
because they had seen a stranger on the grate. The youngest 
miss will let nobody use the poker but herself, because when 
she stirs the fire it always burns bright, which is a sign that 
she will have a brisk husband ; and sho is no less sure of a 
good one, because she generally has ill-luck at cards. Nor is 
the candle less oracular than the fire ; for the squire of the 
parish came one night to pay them a visit, when the tallow 
winding-sheet pointed towards him, and he broke his neck 
soon after in a fox chase. My aunt one night observed, with 
great pleasure, a letter in the candle, and the very next day 
one came from her son in London. We knew when a spirit 
was in the room, by the candle burning blue ; but poor cousin 
Nancy was ready to cry one time, when she snuffed it out, and 
could not blow it in again ; though her sister did it at a whiff, 
and consequently triumphed in her superior virtue. We had 
no occasion for an almanack or weather-glass, to let us know 
whether it would rain or shine. One evening I proposed to 
ride out with my cousin the next day to see a gentleman's 
house in the neighbourhood ; but my aunt assured us it would 
be wet, she knew very well, from the shooting of her corn. 
Besides, there was a great spider crawling up the chimney, and 
the blackbird in the kitchen began to sing ; which were both of 
them as certain forerunners of rain. But the most to be 
depended on in these cases is a tabby cat, which usually lies 
basking on the parlour hearth. If the cat turned her tail to 
.the fire, we were to have a hard frost ; if the cat licked her tail, 
rain would certainly ensue. They wondered what stranger 
they should see, because puss washed her face over the left ear. 
The old lady complained of a cold, and her eldest daughter 
remarked that it would go through the family; for she observed 
that poor Tab had sneezed several times. Poor Tab, however, 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 85 

once flew at one of my cousins ; for which she had like to have 
been destroyed, as the whole family began to think she was no 
other than a witch. It is impossible to tell you the several 
tokens by which they know whether good or ill luck will happen 
to them. Spilling the salt, or laying knives across, are every- 
where accounted ill omens ; but a pin with the head turned 
towards you, or to be followed by a strange dog, I found -were 
very unlucky. I heard one of my cousins tell the cook-maid 
that she boiled away all her sweethearts, because she had let 
her dish-water boil over. The same young lady one morning 
came down to breakfast with her cap the wrong side out; which 
the mother observing, charged her not to alter it all day, for 
fear she should turn her luck. But above all I could not help 
remarking the various prognostics which the old lady and her 
daughters used to collect from almost every part of the body. 
A white speck upon the nails made them as sure of a gift as if 
they had it already in their pockets. The eldest sister is to 
have one husband more than the youngest, because she has 
one more wrinkle in her forehead ; but the other will have the 
advantage of her in the number of children, as was plainly 
proved by snapping their finger-joints. It would take up too 
much room to set down every circumstance which I observed of 
this sort during my stay with them. I shall therefore conclude 
my letter with the several remarks on other parts of the body, 
as far as I could learn them from this prophetic family ; for, as 
I was a relation, you know they had less reserve. If the head 
itches, it is a sign of rain. If the head aches, it is a profitable 
pain. If you have the toothache, you don't love true. If your 
eye-brow itches you will see a stranger. If your right eye 
itches, you will cry ; if your left, you will laugh ; but left or 
right is good at night. If your nose itches, you will shake 
bands with or kiss a fool, drink a glass of wine, run against a 
cuckold's door, or miss them all four. If your right ear or 
cheek burns, your left friends are talking of you ; if your left, 
your right friends are talking of you. If your elbow itches, 
yon will change your bedfellow. If your right hand itches, 
you will pay away money ; if your left, you will receive some. 
If your stomach itches, you will eat pudding. If your back 
itches, butter will be cheap when grass grows there. If your 
aide itches, somebody is wishing for you. If your gartering 
place itches, you will go to a strange place. If your foot itches, 
yon will tread strange ground. Lastly, if you shiver, somebody 
is walking over the place of your grave." 

Now we cannot by any stretch imagine all these events to 
have occurred in one family during the space of a fortnight ; so 
that it must be, as the title explains, an enumeration of the 
superstitions then prevalent. Were Mr. Connoisseur now 
living he would find that the descendants of his relations had 



86 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

not derogated one tittle from the customs impressed on them 
by their " sagacious grandmothers.'* There are many more 
curious sayings and customs yet existing, which the Connois- 
seur doubtless missed. These I shall not now detail, but as to 
the nature and origin of superstitions, I shall perhaps haye 
something to say in a future Note. 

Great Horton. Jbssb Mitchell. 

In the above enumeration, the Editor can corroborate from 
his own observation many of the superstitious notions. In Idel 
there are still to be found horse-shoes nailed on cottage doors 
(three cases at least), and one under a wooden pig-trough. 
Most children have " crossed the rainbow out " by placing two 
sticks across, until some youngster has reproved them for 
" crossing Christ's name out." In order to make assurance 
doubly certain, a boy will say to his mate— "If thou art sure 
and certain, cross thy sen," that is, make a sign of the cross 
with the finger on the forehead or breast. Several old people 
here believe that the Airedale College Students of sixty years 
ago most effectually laid a troublesome ghost. I can give the 
man's name, and a few of his personal characteristics, but as 
his spirit is now quiet I refrain. A very noted Wiseman lived 
here not long ago, and his books are in the hands of a relative. 
An old woman now lives here who is greatly feared by a few 
" believers." Haworth and Southowram have had, in the 
present century, highly reputed Wisemen. "A whistling woman 
and a crowing hen* are neither fit for God nor men, 1 ' is a com- 
mon saying. An old lady and her middle-aged son were 
greatly alarmed at the ticking of a death-watch. I relieved 
their anxieties by shewing them that it was my watch that I 
had placed on a shelf, but I did not remove their belief in 
death-watcheB. The death-watch, that is, the insect so called, 
may be frequently heard during hot summers in the damp old 
house at Idel, made historic by the residence of the Revs. 
Joseph Dawson and William Vint. Unaccountable knocks are 
certain signs of deaths, and many who try to disbelieve other 
death-signs, stand mute before these. The flakes of soot on 
the bars, the cinders cast out of the firegrate, the stalk swimm- 
ing in the tea-cup indicate, with more or less credence, a visit 
from a stranger, a gift or coffin, and a letter by next post. A 
few greatly fear the evil result of blowing or snuffing a candle 
out accidentally, and eagerly puff the red embers into a flame 
if possible. I have learnt by experience that there is truth in 
the relationship of corn shooting and bad weather. So may 
those who suffer from chilblains on the hands. Some greatly 
desire the good luck ensured by having a cricket singing on the 
hearth, and the cat would be severely punished that killed this 
good visitor. If puss sits with her back to the fire there will 
be bad weather, and she must make an alteration in her 

* " Will fetch the Devil out of his den." 



YORKSHIBE FOLK-LORE. 87 

position, or there will be discontented minds. If she runs wild 
after her tail a great storm is near. Spilling salt, crossing 
knives, a couple of persons when shaking hands crossing the 
hands of another couple doing the same, thirteen persons at 
table, these bring anxieties to some who fear there may be 
truth in the old sayings. If your right ear burns someone is 
praising you; if the left, you are being scolded or blamed. 
Perhaps the commonest, and yet least-believed, is that the 
cracks caused by pulling each of the ten fingers indicate the 
number of sweethearts. In conclusion, please to remember 
that if the ball or hollow of the hand tickles you will have 
some money left. 

Wipe Sales. — From a copy of the Leeds Mercury for June 
1st, 1889, we glean the following items of local interest: 
William Farrar of Stanningley, better known by Duke Farrar, 
took his wife to the market cross in Bradford, on Monday 
morning last, at a little after four o'clock, and sold and 
delivered her in the presence of a witness, named Hainsworth, 
to a man from the same place, called Green, for the sum of 5s., 
2s. 6d. of which was given to the witness for his wages. The 
parties went from Stanningley to Bradford market-cross, under 
the idea that the transfer would then be legal. 

Amongst the popular errors which have existed in the minds 
of the most ignorant of the population may be classed the 
strange belief that the marriage tie could be dissolved by the 
sale of the wife by public auction ; and a good deal of surprise 
was felt in many villages of ignorant peasantry at the result of 
a trial at the West Biding Sessions, June 28th, 1837, where a 
man named Joshua Jackson was convicted of selling his wife, 
and sentenced to imprisonment for one month with hard 
labour. In 1858, in a beershop in Little Horton, Bradford, a 
man named Hartley Thompson put up his wife, described by 
the local journals at the tintt as " a pretty young woman," for 
6ale ; he even announced the sale beforehand by means of a 
crier or bellman ; he brought her in with a ribbon round her 
neck, by way of halter. These two persons had lived unhappily 
together and both entertained a belief that by such a process 
as this they could legally separate for life. In the year 1815, 
a man held a regular auction in the market-place at Pontefract, 
offering his wife at a minimum bidding of one shilling, and 
u knocking her down " for eleven shillings. S. Bayneb. 

Another case has come under our notice on the authority of 
old people of Paddock, near Huddersfield. Edward Holt bought 
a woman, and, after the death of the legitimate husband, married 
her. Their children were widely known and respected under 
the name Th . Ed. 

Fuffen — Fought. — A Birstall woman told Mr. Heald, the 
Vicar, that she and her husband had been married forty years, 
and they had never " fuffen " during that time. 



88 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Btbanoe Phenomena. — On the 18th of January, 1792, a 
singular meteoric appearance was observed near Stockton-on* 
the-Forest, about four miles from York, which resembled a 
large army in separate divisions, some in black and others in 
white uniforms. One of these divisions formed a line thai 
appeared near a mile in extent, in the midst of which appeared 
a number of fir trees, which seemed to move along with the 
line. These aerial troops moved in different directions, and 
sometimes with amazing rapidity. The above is stated to have 
been seen by persons of credit and respectability. A meteoric 
phenomenon of the same kind was seen near Harrogate, on 
Sunday, June 28th, 1812, between seven and eight o'clock in 
the evening, by Anthony Jackson, aged 45 years, and Martin 
Turner, a young man, and son of a farmer in the neighbour- 
hood. When looking after their cattle they were suddenly 
surprised to see at some distance what appeared to them a 
large body of armed men, in white military uniforms, in the 
centre of which was a person of a commanding aspect dressed 
in scarlet. After performing various evolutions the whole body 
began to move forward in perfect order towards the summit of 
a hill, passing the spectators at the distance of about 100 
yards. No sooner had this body, which extended four deep 
over an enclosure of 80 acres, attained the hill, than a second 
body, far more numerous than the former, dressed in a dark, 
coloured uniform, appeared, and marched after the first to the 
top of the hill, where they both joined and passed down the 
opposite side of the hill and disappeared, when a column of 
thick smoke spread over the plain. The time from the first 
appearance of this strange phenomenon to the clearing up of 
the smoke, the spectators supposed was little more than five 
minutes. These appearances created a great sensation among 
the superstitious, who considered them as ominous of the great 
waste of blood by Britain in her wars with America and France. 
In 1748, one David Stricket, then servant to John Wren, of 
Wilton Hill, a shepherd, was sitting one evening after supper 
at the door with his master, when they saw a man with a dog 
pursuing some horses on Southerfell-side, a place so steep that 
a horse can scarcely travel on it at all, and they seemed to run 
at an amazing pace, and to disappear at the lower end of the 
fell. Master and man resolved to go next morning to the steep 
side of the mountain, on which they expected to find that the 
horses had lost their shoes, from the rate at which they galloped, 
and the man his life. They went, but to their surprise they 
found no vestige of horses having passed that way. They said 
nothing about their vision for some time, fearing the ridicule 
of their neighbours, and this they did not fail to receive when 
they at length ventured to relate their story. On the 28rd of 
June, the following year (1744), Stricket, who was then servant 



YORKSHIBE FOLK-LORE. 89 

Xo a Mr. Lancaster, of Blakehills, the next house to Wilton 
Hill 9 was walking a little above the house in the evening, about 
half-past seven, when on looking towards Southerfell, he saw a 
troop of men on horse-back riding on the mountain-side in 
pretty close ranks, and at the speed of a brisk walk. He looked 
earnestly at this appearance for some time before he ventured 
to acquaint any one with what he saw, remembering the 
ridicule he had brought on himself by relating his former 
vision. At length, satisfied of its reality, he went into the 
house and told his master he had something curious to show 
him. The master said he supposed Stricket wanted him to 
look at a bon-fire, (being the eve of St. John, it was a custom 
for the shepherds to vie with each other for the largest bon- 
fire). However, they went out together, and before Stricket 
re of or pointed to the phenomenon, Mr. Lancaster himself 
rved it, and when they found they both saw alike they 
summoned the rest of the family, who all came, and all saw 
the visionary horsemen. There were many troops, and they 
seemed to come from the lower part of the fell, becoming first 
visible at a place called Enott. They then moved in regular 
order in a curvilinear path along the side of the fell, until they 
came opposite to Blakehills, when they went over the mountain 
and disappeared. The last, or last but one, in every troop 
galloped to the front, and then took the swift walking pace of 
the rest. The phenomenon was also seen by every person at 
every cottage within a mile, and from the time that Stricket 
first observed it the appearance lasted two hours and a half, 
namely, from half-past seven until night prevented any further 
view. Such are the circumstances as related in Clark's Survey 
of the Lakes, 1789. Thomas Hanley. 



A Strange Legend. — On the eastern end of the outside of 
Batley Church, under the shade of the great eastern window, 
there is a not common tombstone ; insomuch as on its centre 
there is a small brass plate, in size about eight inches by six, 
which once had upon it an inscription but can now only boast 
of a few unintelligible letters. The centre of this brass plate is 
worn hollow by a strange process. A tradition is current that 
any one who will put his hands upon this plate, and at the 
same time look up at the great coloured window — dedicated 
people say to the memory of a drunken woman — for five 
minutes he will not be able to take his hands off again. The 
appearance of the plate testifies to the popularity as well as the 
untruthfulness of this popular fit. B. 

A Legend of Purlwell Hall, Dewsbury. — There is a pretty 
local legend connected with Purlwell Hall, or farm. It lacks 
the terrible blackness of a Rhenish tradition, is the pleasanter 



_J 



SO YORKSHIBE FOLK-LORE. 

for it ; and reads as well as the better known ones of our York- 
shire dales. Once upon a time, say 150 years ago, there dwelt 
at the old hall, along with her unole and aunt, a young orphan 
lady, noted alike for beauty, goodness, and intellect. She 
loved, and was beloved, and beloved by two, one honest and 
poor, the other handsome and rich, and her choice fell upon the 
former one. Her choice was not a happy one for all. Her 
uncle and aunt, and, we may suppose the rejected suitor, felt 
annoyed ; for the traditionary story so informs us, and further 
than that, the little square library was for the future her 
prison, till she should decide in favour of the " Captain." The 
story, as we heard it years ago, was incomplete ; it did not say 
how long she was here immured, but were we allowed to finish 
the tale we should certainly say that during the time she was 
there her love did not lessen for the man of her choice, and 
that he was ever in her thoughts as she gazed out upon the 
hills to the south, then visible in the smokeless sky, that in 
conclusion her adopted parents relented, the captain became 
tired of bis hopeless suit, and " Miss Taylor" became the wife 
of the one she loved. It is the pleasantest ending to the story. 
But this is not all. It cannot be said to be "legendary" 
upon these few facts, for the time is not far enough back, or 
the personage of so exalted rank as to make it a legend of note. 
We must therefore return to the windows, the little square 
ones, which a year or two ago were there, but which may now 
be replaced by others of more modern size. 

There she kept her reflections, scratched by some diamond; 
perhaps one she boasted of in a little keepsake " ring " of her 
mother's, and the visitor could read here a stray line and there 
a couple, here a verse and there another, but which most 
pleased was the one I learnt at the time, and which is, I think, 
as follows : — 

Come gentle muse, wont to divert 

Corroding cares from anxious heart, 

Adjust me now to bear the smart 

Of a relenting angry heart. 

What, though no being I have on earth, 

Tho' near the place which gave me birth, 

And kindred less regard do pay 

Than thy acquaintance of a day. 

Enow, what the best of men declare, 

That they on earth but strangers are ; 

Nor matters it a few years hence 

How fortune did to thee dispense. 

If— in a palace thou hast dwelt ; 

Or — in a cell penury felt ; 

Ruled — as a prince ; served — as a slave 

Six feet of earth U all thou' It Juive. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 91 

Here give my thoughts a nobler theme, 
Since all this world is but a dream 
Of short continuance. M. Taylob, 1726. 

Of course the spelling is rather different from our present 
method, bnt the caligraphy is a marvel of neatness, just as the 
sentiments expressed are noble. There are other pieces worthy 
of record here, but they do not bear upon or explain the story 
as this I have given does. In conclusion I should be glad if 
some reader could furnish us with the true history of the 
antique oak cross* which surmounts the gable end of the old 
hall, and for which Mr. J. B. Greenwood, the owner, pays, to 
this day, royalty of one shilling yearly. 



Curious Custom. — Two farms lying in the township of Swin- 
ton, Yorkshire, and which belong to Earl Fitzwilliam, late in 
the occupation of John Mercer and Bicbard Thompson, every 
year change their parish. For one year, from Easter Day at 
twelve at noon till next Easter Day at the same hour, they lie 
in the parish of Mexborough, and then till Easter Day follow- 
ing, at the same hour, they are in the parish of Wath-upon- 
Dearne, and so alternately. These farms consist of 802 acres. — 
Blount 9 8 Ancient Tenures of Land; Extracted from the Wath 
Magazine, June, 1832. 

o 

A Yorkshibeman's Joke. — On May 17th, 1828, (says "Hone's 
Year Book"), as a countrywoman, with her market basket on 
her arm, was admiring "a bit of finery" in a draper's window at 
York, her partner in life came up without being noticed by her, 
and perceiving her intense gaze at what she could not purchase, 
he secretly abstracted a handkerchief from her basket, and 
went his way in joyful anticipation of his wife's vexation upon 
her discovering its absence. Unluckily for the joker, a gentle- 
man, to whom the parties were strangers, observed the trick, ' 
and directed a constable to secure the villain. The robber was 
seized on the pavement and instantly carried before a magis- 
trate. In the meantime, the unsuspecting woman was informed 
of her loss, and hurried away to identify the luckless handker- 
chief. She did so, it was her own, the very one she had been 
deprived of, and turning with honest indignation to look at the 
thief, she exclaimed with astonishment, '• Oh, lawks ! gentle- 
men, it's my husband f " The arm of law was paralysed. The 
prisoner was the robber of his own property. The magistrate 
laughed, the gentleman and the constable laughed, and the 

•Probably the cross indicates that the property once belonged to the 
Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. On Winteredge, Coley Old Parsonage, 
tod Coley Hall gateway, in Hipperholme ; and on houses near Harden, 
nmflar crosses may still be seen. Such property was exempt from certain 
taxes.— Ed. 



92 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

charge having been laughingly dismissed, the liberated husband 
and his artless wife posted away to tell the village neighbour* 
what awful things had happened to them in York. 

o 

Strange Appeabance. — In Cliambers's Papers for the People it 
is said : — There is no period in the history of this country so 
full of extraordinary occurrences as the seventeenth century. 
The death of Elizabeth in 1608 put an end to the comparative 
calm which had for some time existed ; and from that period 
until the accession of William and Mary in 1689, the whole 
kingdom was convulsed with intestine commotions. The re- 
bellion in Ireland, the civil wars of Scotland, the execution of 
Charles I., the usurpation of Cromwell, the destruction of the 
Monarchy, the establishment of a Commonwealth, the abdi- 
cation of James II., and again the rebellion in Ireland, form a 
series of events only to be rivalled perhaps by the history of 
Europe during the singular year of 1848. Besides events 
reaching to historical dignity, there was what appears at first 
sight an extraordinary succession of inferior occurrences— as 
plagues, tempests, conflagrations, marvellous appearances in 
the sky, all of which the people believed to be essentially con- 
nected with the march of historical events, in as far as every 
one of them was regarded as a mark of the way in whioh 
Providence regarded the doings of statesmen. Many of the 
narrations of these occurrences are exceedingly curious, both 
for the nature of the occurrences themselves, and the terms in 
which they are set forth for popular admiration, as well as the 
comments made upon them, in which we are presented with a 
lively illustration of the temper of the popular mind during that 
age. We select the following relating to Yorkshire: — "The 
true relation of a strange and very wonderful thing that was 
heard in the air October 12th, 1658, by many hundreds of 
people : — As the Lord sees what a deep sleep is seized upon as 
as no low voice will awaken us, so he is pleased to roar aloud 
from heaven, intending thereby (in all likelihood) either to 
rouse us up out of our present security, or to leave us the more 
without excuse in the day of his fierce wrath. Now I come to 
relate the matter, the which was thus : — Upon the 12th day of 
October, in the afternoon, there was heard by some hundreds 
of people in Holderness, Hedon, and about Hull, and several 
other places in Yorkshire — first, three great pieces of ordnance 
or cannons discharged in the air one after another, very terrible 
to hear, and afterwards immediately followed a peal of muskets. 
This shooting off of muskets continued about an half-quarter 
of an hour, drums beating all the while in the manner just as 
if two armies had been engaged. Such as heard the aforesaid 
cannons, muskets, and drums, do report that the sound was 
from the north-east quarter, and, to their thinking not far from 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 98 

the place where they stood. Two men being together about 
six miles from Hull in Holderness, near Humber-side, supposed 
it was directly over Hull ; whereupon one said to the other, 
" It being the sheriff's riding-day at Hull, this peal of muskets 
must be there; and see (quoth he) how the smoke riseth!" 
Now the reason why he mentioned the smoke was, because no 
sooner was this noise finished over Hull, but (as it happeneth 
after the discharge of gun6) there arose a very great smoke or 
thick mist round about the town, although immediately before 
(the day being a very clear day, and the sun shining all the 
while very bright) he saw the town very perfectly. One thing 
more was observed by him who saw the smoke over Hull ; that 
all the while this prodigious noise continued (which was as he 
supposed, about the eighth part of an hour), the face of the 
sky (as in the eclipses of the sun) waxed very dim ; yea, such 
a strange nature accompanied it, that the very earth seemed to 
tremble and quake under him. A certain gentleman, who had 
been some time a major in the war, as he was riding with a 
friend between the towns of Patterington and Ottringham, was 
so persuaded that some encounter by soldiers was on the other 
side of a small hill where they were riding, as that they could 
not but mount the hill to try the truth, so plainly did the 
drums beat and the muskets go off, and, to their thinking, so 
near them, as either it must be a sign from heaven or a real 
battle hard by. The country people were struck with such 
strange wonder and deep terror, that they gave over their 
labour, and ran home with fear; yea, some poor people gather- 
ing coals by the seaside were so frightened that they ran away, 
leaving their sacks behind them. In conclusion : for the space 
of forty miles this fearful noise of cannons, muskets, and drums, 
was heard all the country over." 



Thb Belief in Witches. — In Henderson's "Folk Lore" I 
find the following :— Through the dales of Yorkshire we find 
hares still in mysterious relationship to witches. The Rev. J. 
C. Atkinson informs me that a new plantation having been 
made near Eskdale, great havoc was committed among the 
newly-planted trees by hares. Many of these depredators were 
shot, but one hare seemed to bid defiance to shot and snare 
alike, and returned to the charge night after night. By the 
advice of a wise man (I believe of the wise man of Stokesley) 
recourse was had to silver shot, which was obtained by cutting 
up some small silver coin. The hare came again as usual, and 
was shot with the silver charge. At that moment an old lady 
who lived at some distance, but had always been considered 
somewhat uncannie, was busy tamming, that is, roughly card- 
ing wool for her spinning. She suddenly flung up both her 



04 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

hands, gave a wild shriek, and crying out, " They have shot 
my familiar spirit," fell down and died. 

In another dale, higher up the course of the Esk, was a hare 
which baffled all the greyhounds that were slipped at her. 
They seemed to have no more chance with her than if they 
were coursing the wind. There was at the time a noted witch 
residing near, and her advice was asked about this wonderful 
hare. She seemed to have little to say about it, however, only 
she thought they had better let it be, and above all they must 
take care how they slipped a black dog at it. Nevertheless, 
either from recklessness or from distrust of their adviser, the 

Sarty did soon after go out coursing with a black dog. The 
og was slipped, and they perceived at once that the hare was 
at a disadvantage. She made as soon as possible for a atone 
wall, and attempted to escape through a " smout " or sheep- 
hole at the bottom. Just as she reached it the hound threw 
himself upon her and caught her in the haunch, but was unable 
to hold her ; she got through, and was seen no more. The 
sportsmen, either in bravado or in terror of the consequences, 
went straight to the house of the witch to tell her what had 
happened. They found her in bed, hurt, she said, by a fall ; 
but the wound looked very much as if it had been produced by 
the teeth of a dog, and it was on a part of the person corres- 
ponding to that by which the hare had been seized before their 
eyes by the black hound. Whether this wise woman recovered 
of the wound I know not, but the Guisborough Witch, who 
died within the memory of man, was lame for several years, in 
consequence, it was said, of a bite she received from a dog 
while slipping through the key-hole of her own door in the 
shape of a hare. AJL 

Witch Box Found at Bramlet. — The following description 
of a Witch Box found at Bramley, on January 18th, 1878, is 
given as recorded in the Pudsey and Stanningley News, January 
17th, 1878. "A Belie of the Past.— On Monday, in taking 
down some old buildings at Bramley, a curiosity in the shape 
of a 'witch box* was found secreted on the top of an oaken 
beam in the roof. The box is in a good state of preservation, 
neatly lined, and contains a rusty nail wrapped in cotton wick, 
and about half a dozen pins in an upright position, with a little 
sparse cotton wick for the use of the witches. Behind the door 
of the house was nailed an old horseshoe, which was formerly 
considered to be a charm against witches: The box is in the 
possession of Mr. J. Dawson, postmaster." 8.B. 

The Golden Ball : A Yorkshire Tale. — There were once 
two lasses, the daughters of one mother, an' as they came home 
thro' t' fair, they saw a reight bonny young man standing i' t' 
haase door afore 'em. They niver seed sich a bonny man afore. 



YORKSHIEE FOLK-LORE. W* 

Be'd gold on his cap, an' gold on his finger, gold on his neck, 
an* a red gold watah-chain — eh I but he had some brass. He 
had a golden ball in each hand. An* he gave a ball to each 
lass, an' she was to keep it, an' if she lost it she was to be 
hanged. . One o' t' lasses, youngest one, lost her ball. I'll tell 
how she lost it. She was by a park paling, as she was tossing 
her ball, an' it went up, an 1 up, an' up, till it went fair over t' 
paling, an' when she went ta leuk for it, ball ran along green 
grass, an* it went reight forrud to t' door o' t' haase, an v t v ball 
went in an' she saw it no more. So she were taken away to be 
hanged be t' neck becos. she'd lost her ball. But she had a 
sweetheart, an' he said he would get her ball. So he went to 
t' park gate, but it were shut, so he climbed a hedge, an' when 
he got atop o' t' hedge, an old woman gate up aat o' t' dike 
afore him, an' she said if he would get the ball, he mud sleep 
three nights i' t' haase, so he said he would. Then he went 
into t' haase an' looked for t' ball, but couldn't find it. Night 
came on, an' he heard spirits moving i' t' courtyard, so he 
looked aat o' t' window, an' t' yard were as full on em' as 
maggots i' rotten meat. Then he heard steps coming upstairs. 
He hid behind a door, an' was as still as a maase. Then in 
came a big giant, five times as tall as he were, an' the giant 
looked raand but didn't see t' lad, so he went to t' window, and 
bent down to look out ; an' as he bent down on his elbows to 
see t' spirits i' t' yard, t' lad com behind him, and wi' one blow 
of his sword, cut him in tew, an' t' top part of him fell into t' 
yard, an' t' bottom part stood looking aat o' t' window. There 
was a great cry from t' spirits i' t' yard when they saw half 
their master come tumbling down, an' they called out, " There 
cornea half our master, give us t' other half." 

So the lad said, "It's no use o' thee, thou pair o' legs, 
standing aloan, as thou has no e'en to see with, so go join thy 
brother ; " an' he threw the bottom part o' t' giant after t' top 
part. So when the spirits hed gotten all their giant, they were 
quiet. Next night the lad was at the haase again, an' now a 
second giant came in at the door, an' as he came in the lad cut 
him i' two ; but the legs walked on to t' chimney, an' went up 
it. " Go get thee after thy legs," said the lad, to t' head, an' 
he threw t' head up t' chimney too. The third night the lad 
gate into bed, an' he heard spirits striving under the bed, an' 
they had the ball there, an' they were casting here an' there 
under the bed. NoW one of them has his leg thrussen aat from 
under t' bed, so t' lad brings his sword daan an' cuts it off. 
Then another thrusts his arm aat at the other side o' the bed, 
an' V lad cuts that off. So at last he had maimed 'em all, an' 
they all went crying an' wailing off, an' forgot the ball, but he 
took it from under the bed, an' went to seek his true love. 



96 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 

Now t' lass was taken to Tork to be hanged, and she was 
brought oat on to the scaffold, an' the hangman said — "Naa, 
lass, thaa man get ready to be hanged be the neek till thaa 
beest dead," but she cried out — 

" Stop, stop ; I think I see my mother coming. 
Oh ! mother, have you got my golden ball, 
An' are you come to set me free ?" 

" I've neither got tby golden ball. 

Nor come to set thee free, 
Bat I have come to see thee hong 

Upon this gallows-tree." 

Then the hangman said — " Naa, lass, say thi prayers, witha, 
for thaa man dee." Bat she said — 

" Stop, stop ; I think I see my father coming. 
Oh ! father, hast thou got my golden ball, 
An' come to set me free ? " 

" I've neither brought thy golden ball, 

Nor come to set thee free, 
But I have come to see thee hung 

Upon this gallows-tree." 

Then the hangman said — " Hast done thi prayers, lass ; come 
now, put thy head into t' noose." But she said — " Stop, stop;" 
and she excused herself because she thought she saw her 
brother, and her sister, and her uncle, and her aunt, and then 
her cousin, coming to save her. Then the hangman said — " I 
wean't stop no longer; thaa's makking gam' o' ma. Thaa man 
be hung at once." But now she saw her sweetheart coming 
through the crowd, and he held over his head, up in the air, 
the golden ball, so she said — 

" Stop, stop ; I see my sweetheart coming. 

Sweetheart, hast thou brought my golden ball, 

An' come to set me free ? " 

" Aye, I have brought thy golden ball, 

And come to set thee free ; 
I have not come to see thee hung 

Upon the gallows-tree." 

Suoh were the tales which delighted, or frightened, our ances- 
tors in Yorkshire. A. Holeotd. 

Sheffield Folk-lobe. — Mr. Charles Beade, in his Sheffield 
story, " Put Yourself in His Place," gives a lot of interesting 
folk-lore, some of which I quote. The ill-luck attendant on, or 
rather proceeding from, the meeting with a magpie, is widely 
known, but this following particular I never heard of until I 
saw it in the above-namad story. The magpie, according to 
Sheffield lore, is " the only bird that wouldn't go into the ark 



M 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 97 

with Noah and his folk." " She " (the magpie) " liked better 
to perch on the roof of th' ark, ana jabber over the drowning 
world. So ever after that, when a magpie flies across, turn back 
or look to meet ill-lack." Certainly a most curious reason why 
the magpie is an unlucky bird, and a reason which I fancy was 
unknown until produced in Mr. Beade's book. If any of your 
readers can attest from their own observation the fact of this 
lore being current in Sheffield, I hope they will do so. A magpie 
rhyme familiar to me when a child runs — 

One's a sign o' bad luck, 
Two's a sign o' good, 
Three's a sign o' a broken leg, 
And four a sign o' a weddin'. 

We spat, and made the sign of the Cross either in the air with 
our forefinger, or on the ground with our toes. This was to 
drive away the evil influence of one magpie. The following 
form of adjuration is known in Yorkshire villages a dozen miles 
from Sheffield, but I first heard it at Eakring, in Notts. If you 
meet a magpie cross yourself, and say — 

I cross one magpie, 
And one magpie cross me ; 
May the devU take the magpie, 
And God take me. 

The general opinion is that odd numbers of magpies are bad ; 
even numbers are good. A number of magpies " chattering " 
is a bad sign. They are talking of a death, or settling who 
shall die next. But the oddest magpie rhyme I ever met with 
was given by a North Notts lady : — 

One for sorrow, 
Two for mirth, 
Three for a wedding, 
Four for a birth ; 
Five for a parson, 
Six for a clerk, 
Seven for a babe 
Buried in the dark. 
Another ending is — 

Five for England, 
Six for France, 
Seven for a fiddler, 
Eight for a dance. 

Mr. Beade says : — " If a girl was in church when her banns were 
cried, her children would all be born deaf and dumb." This is 
believed, too, in Derbyshire, where they say if a girl do such 
&n improper thing, " she is darring it out ! " To see a flight of 
birds when on the way to be married is a good sign, if to have 

Y.I-L. h 



\y 



98 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

a dozen children is good, for a flight of birds going in your 
direction when on the way to matrimony foretells many chil- 
dren, bnt a flight of birds meeting yon is a sign of bad lack. 
To have a funeral cross your path on the wedding day foretells 
the death of one of the contracting parties within a year. To 
marry without changing the name, or even so as the new in* 
itials are the same as the old, is bad, for — 

If yon change the name and not the letter, 
You change for the worse and not for the better — 
a rhyme known widely. For the sun to emerge suddenly from 
a cloud and shine on the couple kneeling before the altar 
promises a life happy and prosperous. 

Happy is the bride that the sun shines on. 
" If you sing before breakfast, you'll cry before supper," is a 
local 1 saying, how true hundreds can attest. 

Mr. Beade also speaks of "Gabriel-hounds," called by one of 
his characters " Gabble-re tchet." These, the local lore says, 
"are not hounds at all; they are the souls of unbaptised 
children, wandering in the air till the day of judgment." This 
is a most curious bit, not, however, confined to this locality. I 
should be glad to hear what any of your correspondents ma; 
be able to say in the matter of " Gabriel-hounds." 

Thomas Ratcliffe. 

The following is from the Yorlattere Magazine : — " It is some- 
what surprising to find in this, the nineteenth century, to 
what a large extent silly superstition prevails in the every-day 
life of a great mass of the people ; how it is mixed up in the 
common daily conversation. For instance, one has often heard 
" I would not go on Friday, because it isn't lucky." If going 
on a journey, " Don't turn back, because there's no luck after 
it." If there is a leafy smut shaking on your fire-grate, "then 
it's a stranger about to visit you." Does a cinder fly out of the 
fire with a hollow side, " then it's a coffin for you." If a corpse 
retains a soft fleshy feeling until the funeral, " then there will 
be another death among the near relatives of the deceased 
before a long time elapses." Do you break a looking-glass, 
4 'then there is trouble in store for you." (I should think so, 
particularly if it be a costly one, and not your own.) Have 
you heard the ticking of a spider, of course it's " the death 
watch ; " or the howling of a dog during the night, then some 
one near you is going to die. (Very likely, if you reside in a 
populous locality.} I lately heard a person say, " They say be 
couldn't die easy oecause he was laid on a feather bed." Some- 
times it is a feather pillow that is blamed. Sometimes old 
people will say, " You will never be able to raise that child, 
because it has a blue vein on its nose." Many persons will 
not give a light during Christmas time, because it is unlucky 



yorkshibe folk-lore. 99 

to do so. If you have money in yonr pocket when yon hear 
the cuckoo for the first time in the season, " then you will be 
lucky daring the year." To spill salt is a sign of sorrow in 
store for yon. To have crickets in yonr house is a lucky sign. 
I have heard of one family who gathered up all they could find, 
(and they had a large lot of them), and took them with them 
when they removed from ope house to another. If you bathe 
in the sea, be sure and bathe an odd number of times, and also 
duck yourselves an odd number of times at each bath, if you 
don't it is unlucky. S.B. 
o 

Living in History. — A story is told of a soldier, who, when 
entering one of the European battles, was so terrified with the 
rattle of musketry and the noise of war, that he ran behind a 
tree or some other hiding place, saying that " if they went on 
in that way some one would be killed." His comrade said to 
him — " Gome on ! Be a hero, and we shall live in history." To 
this the man replied, " I don't want to live in history. I want 
to live i' Pudsey." S.B. 

o— — 

The 8ibter6 of Beverley. — (In the south aisle of the nave 
of Beverley Minster is an altar tomb, covered with a slab of 
Purbeck marble, placed under a groined canopy, adorned with 
pinnacles and surmounted with figures, without inscription, or 
indeed anything to lead to a knowledge of its occupants. Tra- 
dition assigns it to two maiden sisters (daughters of Earl Puch, 
of Bishop Burton, and in whose household St. John of Beverley 
is said, on the authority of Bede, to have effected a miraculous 
cure), who are said to have given two common pastures to the 
freemen of Beverley. — Paulson's Beverlac.) 

The tapers are blazing, the mass is sung 

In the chapel of Beverley, 
And merrily too the bells have rung ; 

'Tis the eve of our Lord's nativity ; 
And the holy maids are kneeling round, [ground. 

While the moon shines bright on the hallow'd 

• Tes, the sky is clear, and the stars are bright, 

And the air is hushed and mild ; 
Befitting well the holy night, 

When o'er Judah's mountains wild 
The mystic star blazed bright and free, 

And sweet rang the heavenly minstrelsy. 

The nuns have risen through the oloister dim, 

Each seeks her lonely cell ; 
To pray alone till the joyful hymn 

On the midnight breeze shall swell ; 
And all are gone save two sisters fair, 

Who stand in the moonlight silent there. 



100 YORK8HIRE FOLKLORE. 

Now hand in hand, through the shadowy aisle, 

Like airy things they've passed, 
With noiseless step, and with gentle smile, 

And meek eyes heavenward cast ; 
Like things too pure upon earth to stay, 

They have fled like a vision of light away. 

And again the merry bells have rung, 

So sweet through the starry sky ; 
For the midnight mass hath this night been sung, 

And the chalice is lifted high, 
And the nuns are kneeling in holiest prayer, 

Yes, all, save these meek-eyed sisters fair. 

Then up rose the abbess, she sought around, 
But in vain, for these gentle maids ; 

They were ever the first at the mass bell's sound. 
Have they fled these holy shades ? 

Or can they be numbered among the dead ? 
Oh ! whither can these fair maids be fled ? 

The snows have melted, the fields are green, 

The Cuckoo singeth loud, 
The flowers are budding, the sunny sheen 

Beams bright through the parted cloud, 
And maidens are gathering the sweet breath'd May, 

But these gentle sisters, oh, where are they? 

The summer is come in rosy pride, 
'Tis the eve of the blessed Saint John, 

And the holy nuns after vespertide, 
All forth from the chapel are gone ; 

While to taste the cool of the evening hour, 
s The abbess hath sought the topmost tower. 

" Gramercy sweet ladye 1 and can it be, 

The long lost sisters fair 
On the threshold lie calm and silently, 

As in holiest slumber there ! 
Yet sleep they not, but entranced they lie, 

With lifted" hands and heavenward eye." 

" long lost maidens, arise ! arise 1 

Say when did you hither stray ? " [eves, 

They have turned to the abbess with their meek bine 

" Not an hour has passed away, 
But glorious visions our eyes have seen ; 

Oh sure in the kingdom of heaven we've been ! " 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 101 

There is joy in the convent of Beverley, 
Now these saintly maidens are found, 

And to hear their story right wonderingly, 
The nuns have gathered around 

The long lost maidens, to whom was given 
To live so long the life of heaven. 

And again the chapel bell is rung, 

And all to the altar repair, 
And sweetly the midnight lauds are sung, 

By the sainted sisters there ; 
While their heaven-taught voices softly rise 

Like an incense cloud to the silent skies. 

The maidens have risen, with noiseless tread 

They glide o'er the marble floor ; 
They seek the abbess with bended head — 

" Thy blessing we would implore, 
Dear mother ? for ere the coming day 

Shall burst into light, we must hence away." 

The abbess hath lifted her gentle hands, 

And the words of peace hath said, 
vade in pacem, aghast she stands, 

Have their innocent spirits fled ? 
Yes, side by side lie these maidens fair, 

Like two wreaths of snow in the moonlight there. . 

List ! list f the sweet peal of the convent bells, 

They are rung by no earthly hand : 
And hark how far off melody swells 

Of the joyful angel band, 
Who hover around surpassingly bright, 

And the chapel is bathed in rosy light. 

'Tis o'er ! side by side in the chapel fair, 

Are the sainted maidens laid ; 
With their snowy brow, and their glossy hair, 

They look not like the dead ; 
Fifty summers have come and passed away, 

But their loveliness knoweth no decay ! 

And many a chaplet of flowers is hung, 

And many a bead told there, 
And many a hymn of praise is sung, 
And many a low-breathed prayer ; 
And many a pilgrim bends the knee 
At the shrine of the sisters of Beverley. 
(After considerable trouble I have failed to discover the 
Author of the foregoing charming lines, which first appeared 
JO the Literary Gazette. If any reader can name the writer, I 
dull feel greatly obliged. W. Andrews. ) 



102 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 




Ballad of Old Job Senior: the Hermit of Bombalds 
Moor. 

On Bomilies Moor a Hermit dwells, 

Who is infirm and old ; 
His sod-built cot so poor and mean, 

Will scarce keep out the cold. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 108 

He seems contented with his lot, 

Though scanty is his fare, 
And health sits smiling on his cheek, 

Fanned by the mountain air. 

He joins the lark in cheerful song, 

Which 8oales the mountains high, 
And floats along the lonely plain, 

And echoes through the sky. 

From every quarter thousands come, 

To visit where he dwells : 
Entranced they sit upon the turf, 

And list the tales he tells. 

The moor-game linger on the broom, 

As if his voice they knew ; 
The pewits whistle round the spot, 

Likewise the wild curlew. 

The plovers float around the place, 

And whirl in circles light, 
The Hermit views them as they pass, 

And gazes with delight. 

Hard was the fate of poor old Job, 

They pulled his cottage down : 
I do not know the reason why, 

Perhaps it was some clown. 

How hard and callous was that heart, 

Of adament or steel 1 
A bed of straw is now his lot, 

And sad his scanty meal. 

All ye that dwell in splendid halls, 

And rest on beds of down, 
Remember Job before too late, 

For he is quite forlorn. 

He's hastening fast unto his grave, 

For seventy years he's past ; 
And when he leaves the moorland cot, 

And when he breathes his last, 

May some kind angel guard him home, 

And waft him through the sky, 
To join the heavenly choir above, 

No longer here to sigh. 

Kind friends and neighbours round this place, 

Gome read these verses o'er, 
And then remember poor old Job, 

The Hermit of the Moor. 



104 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

When he is carried to his tomb, 

And storms roll round the spot, 
Many will gaze and then exclaim, 

" This was the Hermit's lot," 

But like the seed of Adam's race. 

We all must pass away ; 
Those that live long, how short their time ! 

And transient is their day ! 

This old Hermit, whom I have seen, lived by begging in his 
latter years ; but being taken ill on one of his journeys to 
Silsden, he with great difficulty got back to Ukley, and took up 
his abode in the barn belonging to the Wheat Sheaf Inn, but in 
the course of a few days the landlord was afraid his end was 
near, so he had him removed to Carlton Workhouse, where he 
died, being seventy-seven years of age; and was buried in 
Burley Churchyard, near Otley. 

Notices of Old Job appear in "Old Yorkshire," "Ilklev 
Ancient and Modern," and in a pamphlet published by Mr. T. 
Harrison, Bingley, who kindly lends the accompanying wood- 
cut. A.H. 



ttb* 3lrms* of tljt 
®0rp0ratt0tt of %tngatott-tt)ion-%ttIL 

BY T. TlNDALL WlLDBIDOK. 

From, at latest, the times of the Roman Empire, cities had 
their particular emblems, whioh they might and often did apply 
to the various purposes of coat of arms and seal. The use of 
such emblems, however, by medifflval incorporations is of com- 
paratively late introduction in this country and is naturally 
coeval with the successive establishment of boroughs under the 
later Normans, and followed in its development the growth of 
personal coat-armour. 

The Seals of the town of Eingston-upon-Hull are numerous. 
The earliest mention is in Richard H's. Charter of 1882, which 
grants that the Burgesses "may have for ever in the same 
borough our certain seal, to be ordained by us, of two pieces, 
as is the custom, for accepting the recognizances of debt there 
according to the statutes passed for merchants, and that the 

S eater piece of the same shall remain in the custody of the 
ayor or Warden of the Borough for the time being, and the 
lesser piece in the custody of a certain clerk by us, etc., 
deputed." 

• The Notes and Queries Section would be the more appropriate place for 
this article, but that sheet being worked off, the Editor Tentnres to place it 
here in order to return the blocks kindly lent by Mr. Wildridge. 



Ipublic ii; ;,.-.;: 



ASTOR. \^** r '*% '' 




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I 



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YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



105 



Neither this seal, nor any impression of it, remains. It was, 
however, merely a seal of 'statute merchant' and not a town's 
official seal.* 

The town's own official seal dates from 1881, when the 
elective office of Mayor was here first established. This seal 
bears the three crowns of Hull.t 

♦Such seals are for different reigns very much alike, and only 
vary essentially in the names of the town. Some Hull records 
bear seals of statute merchant 
of York. The annexed engrav- 
ing is of Chester and shews us 
what the Hull seal granted in 
1882 would be like. The men- 
tion of the greater piece and 
the less is explained by the 
fact that the reverse of most 
seals of statute merchant bear 
a very small and simple device. 
The crown of the King (proba- 
bly Edward III.) in this cut 
affords an illustration to follow- 
ing paragraphs. 

Seal of SUttite Merchant. 





|T he Borough was 
granted a Corporate 
Body in 1440, go from 
that year only can 
date its common seal. 
Hull had also a pri- 
vate seal which like 
that of mofit port- 
towns bore a ship. Its 
only known instance 
of use is in 1348* 



Private Seal. 



"Sigillvm Coinvne de Kyngiston 
svper Hvh." 

Common Seal. 




106 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Concerning these crowns the local mind has been frequently 
exercised, and various attempts have been made to dear the 
fog of uncertainty which hung over them. The Corporation 
have an emblazonment of Arms from the Herald's College, 
affirming the crowns to be Ducal. I propose to shew that this 
is an error. The only authority of the college (by its Windsor 
Herald and Registrar,) was a drawing of the seal of the Cor- 
poration allowed in the Herald's Visitation of Yorkshire in 
1612 and 1665-6. The following is the amount of information 
therein contained — 

"This is the figure of the Com'on Seale of the Mayoraltie 

Of KlNOSTON-UPON-HuiiL." 

The remainder of the record consists of an abstract of the 
governing charter of the town, of 1661, and the names of the 
Corporation in 1665. 

The Registrar, in a letter to G. C. Roberts, Esq., says— 
" There is no doubt that they are Ducal crowns and not Royal 
ones ; the field of the arms is not denoted in the sketch ; I 
observe in that which you use the field is blue, but I can find 
no authority for the Colour." Hence the emblazonment of 
arms supplied by the College is of no value. — The seal is not 
the Common Seal, the crowns are wrongly described, and the 
colours are unknown. Again, Stephen Tucker, Esq., (Rouge 
Croix,) upon the occasion of the Hull arms being required for a 
banner used at the Reception of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales at Sheffield in 1875, said " The Coronets are not strictly 
Ducal Coronets but of the form known as "Edward Ills'." 
Thus doctors differ. 




" S' officii Majoratus Ville de Kyngestoun super Hull." 
Mayor's Official Seal, as drawn in the HeraltFs Visitation above-mention** 
and met npon old deeds- 
It is, however, fortunately not necessary to rely upon the 
conflicting and almost necessarily meagre authority to be found 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



107 



among the national armorial collection, for the Record-rooms 
of Holt itself supply more fall and trustworthy particulars. To 
ascertain what was the kind of coronet or crown and what the 
colour of the shield intended, it is necessary to refer, as in the 
case of most of the ancient privileges of the town, to the 
Charters. The Charters of Hull, upwards of 80 in number, 
include two which furnish drawings of the arms of the Town. 
The first instance is perhaps one of the most interesting 
drawings of the kind extant. It is a little illumination in the 
margin of the Charter of Henry VI., of 1448, and coloured ex- 
actly as shewn in the engraving. An angel with an aureola 
bears an azure shield upon which are three crowns of gold 
placed two and one. The initial letter of the Charter is likewise 
illuminated and contained a representation of the King, and 
which also is here engraved. It will* be seen that the crowns 
upon the shields are the same as that which adorns the head of 
the king. Crowns are frequent initial ornaments of the Hull 
Charters and always of the same form as the crowns of the 
shield. 

Can anything more be 
asked? If so first must be 
explained away the very evi- 
dent connection between the 
presence of the crowns and 
the name of the town; — 
" King's Town upon Hull," 
" Ville Regie," as the legend 
runs upon the seal of the 
Admiral of the Humber. 
What, too, does the quaint 
distich mean, which was 
painted up in the old Gram- 
mar School, and which pro- 
bably dates from the wars 
S' Admirallitat' ville Regie de Hul. of the Roses when Hull was 
Seal of the Admiral of the Humber bold in the cause of Henry VI, 
appointed 1447. who g rante d it 7 Charters ? 

" well-built Royal Town, thou hast three crowns, 
Therefore love the king thy benefactor." 
Thus probabilty agrees with fact. 

It cannot be overlooked that the shield in this Charter has 
the crowns two and one. This is doubtless a liberty taken by 
"the London Artist," and possibly considered by him to be 
quite an allowable deviation, or perhaps the now recognised 
form is less correct. We err sometimes in imagining the me- 
diaeval herald to have been bound by rigid exactness, and are 
apt to evolve a pretty modern system out of a mediaeval chance 
medley. 




108 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

The other Charter which bears the arms is that of 24 Henry 
Yin, which at the headline has a crowned Tudor rose in the 
centre, supported on one side by the lily of France and on the 
other by the three crowns of Hull, one above another as now 
used, all not very skilfully sketched in a reddish-brown ink. 

Long before arms came to be painted on shields the Angles 
are said to have borne three crowns upon their banner. Placed 
two and one they are the arms of Sweden, and in various com- 
binations appear on the shields of many of her towns. The 
German towns yield one or two examples. In England, Hull 
is not the only town bearing them, as Bury St. Edmund's has 
the same, and Boston also, the latter by adoption among her 
other insignia in, it is said, the year 1568. They are also borne 
as in the Hull shield, silver on black by the Bishop of Bristol ; 
gold on a blue shield, with an open book, by the University of 
Oxford ; and two and one, silver on red, by the Bishop of Ely ; 
and gold on red upon a cross, by the Borough of Nottingham. 
The family of Frazer bears them two and one. 

The number of crowns has possibly no more meaning than is 
usual in heraldry ; the origin of armory was intermixed with 
religious ideas and the reason we find nearly everything " in 
threes" is that the first users wished to indicate and invoke the 
Trinity. The Church of Hull was dedicated to the Holy Trinity. 
The Town arms in modern representations are frequently shewn 
with supporters of rushes (for its river situation) and laurel 
(for its honour). Sometimes oak leaves take the place of the 
rushes. There seems, however, to be no ancient authority for 
any of these, and they, with a suitable motto, might very fitly 
be adopted by the Corporation. It can well be supposed that 
the Lancastrian couplet before quoted was intended as a town's 
motto. But the stormy changes of dynasty which from time to 
time have taken place, and the varying loyalty of the town, have 
shewn it to be one not suited to all times, and therefore, very 
fitly lapsed into the realms of oblivion. 

To suggest what might suitably be adopted opens a wide if 
not very important question. 



„. * <* », Aame, three Roj»I 

Kingston-upon-Hull. Ciowm or. 




YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 109 

CoUter-Vale tHRorbs. — (ronihuwb.) 

Cah, cow. Cawf, mutty-cawf, calf. 

Cahcummer, cowcummer, encumber. 

Cali-lady, cow-lady, the lady-bird beetle. Held in veneration. 
" Lady-bird, lady-bird, fly away home." 

Catting, ailing, weakly. 

Caise, kecks, boys make music-pipes of them. 

Caitiff, sickly, helpless. 

Cat-rigg'd, doth which by lying too long in the fuller's stocks, 
receives folds or ridges. (Watson.) 

Candler, chandler. 

Candlesticks or castles, a boys' game. Two piles of stones, a 
score yards apart, with equal number of boys at each pile. 
Each throws a stone to knock the opposite castle down, 
and if one succeeds, his party has to run backwards way 
as far as possible, pursued by the opponents who have to 
ride their conquerors to the fallen castle. 

Cained, the white substance on the top of bottled ale. (Watson.) 

Cart-gate, road-way for carts. 

Cant, nimble, spoken of vigorous old people. 

Causey, causeway. 

Capper, puzzler, chief. Capping, astonishing. 

Casement, a pane in a window that opens on hinges. 

Cahrin', cowering, bending, hiding, coiled. 

Cal, kal, gossipper. 

Call, to scold. A call, a need. 

Cakes, unites in a mass, cinders (verb). 

Cammeril, a strong notched stick used by butchers, especially 
noted as the professional staff of the old itinerant pig- 
butchers. It was pushed through the ham strings of the 
animal's hind legs, and thus hung in the cottage until the 
next day — the ' cutting-up day.' 

Can, tin vessel. 

Cappfl, a leather patch on a shoe. 

Carcass, body of human being or beast, dead or alive. 

Cat nut, hairy nut, earth nut. Catstones, steps near a wood. 

Cawf-lickt, front hair or * toppin ' which will not lie straight. 

Ceel, keel, cooil, cool. 

Cestern, cistern. 

Chez, ches, choose, ches what, i.e., whatsoever happens. 

Chavel, chewing, tearing to shreds. 

Charity Sermon, Sunday School Anniversary Sermon. 

Childer, children. 

Cham'er height, two storey houses, a grander house than the 
'one-decker' cottage. 

Cheltered, clotted, (Banks' Wakefield Words.) 

Chimley, ohiznney. 



110 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Chonce, chance, illegitimate child. 

Chowl, jowl, jaw, cheek to chowl, whispering. 

Chump heead, stupid person. 

Chumps, * prog ', wood for bonfire, Nov. 5th. 

Chuck, throw. 

Chuck up, chock full, crammed full. 

Claht, clout, cloth, old rags. A claht, a knock on the head 

given by a person. A claht heead, silly person, who 

deserves a ' claht.' Clahted, patched. 
Clumpst, unhandy, (Watson.) Clumsy, awkward. 
Clack, talk, noise. 
Claggy, clayey, sticky. 
Clammed, pined. Saxon, ' clam.* 

Click, catch hold. Saxon, * gelecan.' Also the tick of a watch. 
Clawk, scratch with finger nails. 
Clap-panie, clap-pandies, close hands. The p is added to give 

fluency, as in l Georgy porgie,' ' Ridy pidy,' and the t in 

' a-t-il,' (French), and the n in ' a norange,' < a napple.' 
Clawmin, clawing, sometimes means fondling. 
Cleats, Foal or colt's foot, from which a wine is made to purify 

the blood. 
Clew, a ball of string. 
Cletch, a brood of chickens. 
Clock, a beetle, also the ' cluck ' or cry of a hen. " War net a 

clockin' hen." 
Cluther, to crowd. 

Cobble-stones, small round boulders. 
Cobblin, large pieces of coal ; sleek is the small or smudge, 

turlings, the small pieces between sleek and cobblins. 
Cock-bo&t ; "ride a cock horse ;" as in names — Wilcock, Laycock, 

it means "little." 
Cockloft. — " He alwaies spent every afternoon in his chamber, 

which was a cocklelo/t over the common gate of Trinity 

College." 1645. " A museum of invaluable objects ac- 
tually thrust into a dusty cockloft, 106 steps up." 1885.— 

Mr. John Holmes, Leeds. 
Cockelty, shaky. 
Cock-web, cob-web, arrand-web. 
Coddle, taking care, or overmuch care. 
Coils, used in plural in " fotch some coils in." 
Covered, recovered. 
Colon, stalks of furze bushes, which remain after burning.— 

(Watson.) 
Cole, broth. So called because pottage was formerly made 

chiefly of the herb colewort. (Watson.) Nettle broth is 

called Nettle cole. 
Collops, rashers of bacon. Collop Monday is the day before 

Shrove Tuesday. Children go round begging dices of 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. Ill 

bacon, saying "Pray, deem a oollop," or, "Pray, Dame, 

[give us] a collop." 
Cop, catch, also receive. " Thou'll cop it." 
Come day, gooah day. " Let the day come and go," that is, 

heedless. 
Cos, because. 
Cotteril, a flat pin, usually split, to slip into a bolt hole to 

fasten windows, shutters, &c. (Banks.) 
Cowk, cinder, also the core of an apple, and used in the words 

" Keep thy cowk up," to mean the spirit or heart. 
Cowl, to scrape together. 

Cowlrake, coal-rake, the instrument to cowl with. 
Crag, a rocky place. This is needlessly given by Watson, for 

it is known in all districts populated by the Northmen. 

Creg will be found in the Manx New Testament, Matt, xvi, 

18, reads— "Dy nee uss Peddyr* as dy nee er y chreg shoh 

trog-ym's my agglish : (*Ta shen dy ghra, Creg.)" Upon 

this rock. " On this Creg will I build my Church." 
Crack, boast ; used thus by Tillotson. ' A Crack shot,' a good 

marksman. 
Cratch, a wooden frame on which pigs are killed. 
Cratchy, cranky, infirm, stiff in the joints. 
Croft, enclosed field, homestead field. 
Creel, wooden frame or flake suspended from the ceiling on 

which the oat-bread (haver-cake,) was placed to dry for 

future use. 
Cree, soften by steeping or soaking, as rice for puddings, wheat 

for " frummety " ^Latin, frumentis, wheat.) 
Crab'd, cross-grained, ill-tempered. 
Cracklin, brittle as ice under foot, also " Crackling of thorns 

under a pot." (Solomon.) 
Cransh, crush, cransning cinders under feet. 
Crackt, crazy, " a slate off." 
Craps, scraps, pig-craps, the skinny meat remaining after the 

fat-leaf is " rendered." 
Crate, a hamper for pots, &c. 
Creas, measles. (Watson.) 
Creese, " unnatural fold as in a coat that has been sitten upon." 

(Watson.) Crumpled, rumpled. f 

Cresh, cress, watercress. 
Crow, Craw to pull, quarrel to adjust. The Townley Mystery 

has— " Abelle. I will fayre." [Go.] "Cayn. Na, na, 

abide, we have a craw to pulle." (Banks.) 
CresBmass, Eersmiss, Christmas. 
Cresaen, Eersen, christen, baptize. 
Crick, pain or twisting the neck. (Wakefield.) 
Craddled, curdled, clotted. 
Crooidl'd crok'd, lying or sitting doubled up. 



112 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Crowd, a fiddle, only used in the saying " There's nobody born 
fiddlers but t' Craathers," that is, the Crowthers. This is 
a saying heard about Brighouse where the Crowther family 
is numerous, and they got their name from a fiddling 
ancestor. The moral is " Attempt something, for few are 
geniuses, or to the manner born." 

Cuddle, to embrace with the arms. 

Cumberly, heavy, lumberly. 

Curchy, curtsey. " The dame made a curchy." 

Gurns, cum berries, currants. 

Cushy-Cah, Gush : Cows are called to the gate by the latter 
word. Children are taught to say cushy-cow as if to a pet 
animal. 

Oussen, cast iron, a person in the dumps ; cnssen ground is 
applied to a filled-up quarry ; oussen sky, heavy clouds. 

Out, run off, as " Out an* run," " Cut your sticks." The Cut 
is the canal. Out, castrated. 

Cute, smart, clever fellow. 

Daahtalman, day labourer. Wakefield district. 

Daazd, unconscious, dull ; also bread slowly baked, white. 

Dab, a daub, to daub. 

Daffy dahn dilly, daffodil. 

Dafft, daunted, discouraged ; also a semi-idiot. 

Dagger, a vulgar expression for emphasis,—" What the dagger 
do you mean." (Watson.) Still used. 

Dahn i't' raahth, dahn-hearted, dejected. 

Dam-stakes, dam-stuns, mill dam-stones. 

Dawdle, idle, thriftless person ; also used as a verb. 

Dawkin, an idle slothful person. " There is this proverb here— 
* A man had better have a Dule than a Dawkin,* meaning 
that a woman with a bad tongue is a less evil than an idle 
one, or a slut." (Watson.) 

Dee, die. " Sud he not de." (Douglas.) 

Dee-nettles, stingless nettles. (Banks.) 

Delf case, a wooden frame containing shelves, with a lath 
nailed above each, for holding dinner plates edgeways. It 
is so called from Delft in Holland, where much crockery 
was made. 

Delf, delf-hoil, a qnarry. Delver, a quarry-man. (Saxon.) 

Dickey, a * front ' worn over the shirt-breast. Seat for the 
carriage-driver. A louse. 

Dickey-dunnock, a hedge sparrow. 

Differ, to quarrel. 

Dilly-hoil, a little play-house for children. 

Dike, a bank of earth for a fence ; also a ditch. 

Din, talk, noise. 

Ding one up, reproach. 

Disannul, annoy, interfere with. (Banks.) 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 11& 

Dither, tremble, shake, Caused by cold or fear. Dithered 

ageean means dithered much. 
Divels, Devils, Divlin, a small cone of gunpowder which, being 

worked up wet, fizzes slowly. 
Dizzy, giddy. " Dizziness in the head/' tautology. 
Doaf, dough. Doafy, childish, soft. Doughy breead is imper- 
fectly baked bread. 
Daddy, Welsh, dad, father. 
Dog-noper, sexton, ohapel-keeper ; though he has no longer to 

4 nope ' (hit on the head,) dogs. 
Dalley, tarry, delay. ? French origin. 
Daker hen, grass drake, corn-crake. 
Doff, undress, do-off; dofft, undressed. Doff it off thy sen, 

take it off thyself. 
Dick's hat-band. " Tha'rt as queer as Dick's hat-band, et went 

nine times rahnd and wouldn't tee." 
Dockens, docks ; a case of double plural. Children when stung 
by a nettle, get a dock leaf, and, rubbing the irritated 
place, say the nomine " Docken in, nettle out," as fast as 
possible, until the pain subsides. 
Door-steead, door- way; from stead, a place. Gate-steead, gate- 
way. 
Door-cheeks, upright stones to which the door is fixed. 
Doorstuns, flagstones or causeway (pro. causee,) in front of the 

house. 
Dog-daisy, the large flowered, wild daisy. The leaf is not like 

the ordinary daisy ; it is jagged like * lad's love ' leaf. 
Dooetin, dotage. 

Dollop, a great mass. Dollook is another form. 
Doled, wearied, jaded. 
Douce, drench. Douoing, drenching. 
Doy, pet word for joy when addressed to a child. 
Dolly legs, the peggy or swiller, used by washer- women, where, 
in Scotland, they would use their own in treading the 
clothes in a tub of water. Washing machines are super- 
annuating these old friends. It consists of a stout round 
piece of wood about 2 feet long, with a cross beam about 
18 inches at the top, and a round piece at the bottom (9 
inches diameter,) in which five or six feet are placed, abont 
a foot long, and all smoothly planed to ' swill ' the clothes 
round and back again in the wash tub. 
Donch, dainty of appetite. 

Doublet, quite obsolete, but singlet is used for waist-coat. 
Dossy, slut. What a dossy ! 
Drahnded, drowned. 
Drate, drawling, slow of speech. 

Drat, drot, od rot, a form of imprecation. " I'll rot you," or 
make you tremble. ? from the Hebrew, rod, to tremble. 
y. f-l. i 



114 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Dredgin box, a tin flour box with holes in the lid, like a pepper 
box ; for sprinkling flour. 

Drink, ale, or home-brewed beer. 

Drinkin time, tea-time, four to six o'clock p.m. Harvest men 
are allowed wages per day with fornooin (10 o'clock) and 
afternoon (4 o'clock) drinkins. 

Drop it, be quiet, * give over ' ; leave it (or me) alone. 

Drnkken, druffen, tipsy, drunken. 

Drop-dry, water tight roof. (Wakefield.) 

Dree work, dree way, wearisome, dreary. 

Draff, malt after brewing. Used for food of cows, pigs. Ang. 
Sax. draff, thrown away. 

Dubler, a pewter (pewther) dish. British dtcbler. 

Durn, a piece of wood, or stone, by which doors and gates 
hang. (Watson.) 

Duck-stooan, a boys' game. Each boy gets a boulder, and one 
is chosen by lottery, or footing, to place his boulder (or 
duck) on a flat stone, whilst the rest stand at a marked 
distance and throw their stones at the sitting duck. If 
one picks his boulder up, the boy who owns the imprisoned 
duck endeavours to touch him before he can return to the 
den, and then hastens to seize his own duck from its perch, 
and run off to the den. The boy thus touched has to place 
his duck in prison, but if he gets it down before the other 
is up, there are two ducks to shy (i.e. throw) at. flow- 
ever, it often happens that whilst the boy in charge of the 
duck is striving to touch a returning boy, his duck is 
knocked off its perch by another boy's boulder, and he 
must replace his duck before he can touch any returning 
boy. It is a very dangerous game, and seems to be allied 
to the * throwing at cocks ' on Pancake Tuesday, formerly 
in vogue. 

Dufft, yielded. Duffer, a coward, a yielder. 

Duberd heead, dull board, or wooden headed, a dunce, a numb- 
skull, thick-head. 

Dunnock, dicky dunnock, a hedge sparrow ; blue eggs. 

Dule, the devil. Also, a machine at woollen mills, with great 
iron teeth, a real demon. 

Een fair fall, equivalent to " make the best of it " — that which 
would have been better not being at hand, een fair fall 
(befall) what we have. (Banks.) 

Earwig, Saxon — eorth-wigga, earth insect, though the common 
notion is that these twinges cause death by entering a 
person's ear. 

Een, Saxon — eagan, ee,-eye. Old plural for eyes, as shooen, 
kine or cowen, swine or sowen, oxen, &c. 

Expect, suppose. " I expect so." 

EUiker, ale-gar, vin-e-gar. Sour beer. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 115 

EUiker well, now written but never pronounced "Alegar" 

well, near Kirklees, a great resort on Palm Sunday to the 

present time, one of the holy wells of olden times. Helle-carr, 

holy ridge well. (See p. 120.) 

Eery, every. 

Egg-cratch, frame with holes for holding eggs. (Banks.) 

Ehs-senz, our-selves. 

Eeah, yes, 

Eit, ait, ert. 

'Eights, heights or bills ; height. 

Eivy-keivy, (Aivy-kaivy), trembling in the balance. 

Eke, an addition, or * make-out,' an additional bottom rim to a 
bee hive. (Banks.) 

Elbow greeas, polishing a table, or iron fixtures, with great 
exertion. 

Elike, the same, *• Townley Mysteries " has — " They're all 
queer elike." " I am ever elyke." 

Emang, among. 

Em, Hem. Anglo Saxon dative plural, and therefore not a 
vulgar contraction, for it is used by early writers in the 
old form. "Some of hem," (Chaucer). "Putten hem," 
(Piers Plowman). A Southowram man, (Sahtharem-ur) 
uses both words still. 

Elsin, an awl. (Banks.) 

Enah, soon. " I'll come en ah." 

Enew, plural of enough. 

Enkled, entangled. (Banks.) 

Entry, narrow passage for carts between houses. A narrower 
entry is called a ginnel, (or, in Airedale, a snicket). 

Eah, ash tree. Saxon — Esche. 

Espin, aspin leaf. 

Etten, eaten. 

Ewen hands, even bargain. " Odd or evven." This is a 
guessing game, with marbles. A boy holds a marble or 
marbles in his clenched hand; if his opponent guesses 
correctly, "odd," or "even," he forfeits a marble, but 
gains one if he happen to have different to what is said. 
The other boy then takes his turn. 



®b* ttfrito in t\)t Wiaab ; or, &\)t and ®ttkie.* 

In the town of Beverley, in Yorkshire, about two years ago 
[17081 , there lived one squire Somers, a very honest gentleman 
of about three hundred per aim.; his wife dying, by whom he 
had one little daughter, about two years of age, he continued 
some months a sorrowful widower; he could not well enjoy 

* From a very rare chapbook, with facsimile wood-cut. 



116 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

himself after the loss of his dear spouse. And it so happened 
that, partly oat of grief, partly from a violent fever, he was 
brought to his bed of sickness, where he continued not long, 
for he died within a fortnight after he was taken by that fever. 
He expressed a great concern for his little girl, and therefore 
called his brother, a gentleman that lived about fourteen miles 
from him, and begged him to take the care of his daughter upon 
him. " Brother," said he, " I leave with you the dearest thing 
that I have in the world — my little daughter, and with her to 
you I intrust my estate ; manage it for her use, and take care 
of her education in virtue and religion ; use her as if she were 
your own, and, for my sake, see her married to an honest 
country gentleman." All which was faithfully promised by the 
brother. Thus, when all things were settled, the gentleman 
dies, and the brother takes home the child to his house, and for 
some time used her kindly. But at the last, the devil of covet- 
ousness possessed him ; nothing run in his mind so much as 
making away with the child, and so possess the estate. After 
many ways, he at last concluded to take her with him, and hide 
her in a hollow tree ; which one morning he effected, and left 
the poor infant with her mouth stopped that she might not cry. 
For he had so much grace not actually to murder her, therefore 
he left her alive in the hollow of the tree ; and, the better to 
hide the matter, gave out that the child was dead, and. therefore 
caused an effigy of wax to be made, laid it in a coffin, and a 
shroud, and made a great funeral for the child. Thus the effigy 
was buried, and no notice at all taken of the matter. At the 
same time, a neighbouring gentleman dreamed that that day 
he should see something that would sufficiently astonish him. 
He told it to his lady, who dissuaded him from going a hunting 
that day ; but he was resolved, not giving any oredit to dreams, 
and so takes horse in the morning. As he was a hunting, he 
happened to be in the wood where the child was, and as he was 
riding by the tree bis horse gave a great start, so that he had 
liked to have fallen down ; and turning about, to see what was 
the matter, he saw something stir in a hole, and being inquisi- 
tive to know the cause, his dream presently came in his head, 
and therefore he calls his man, and bids him examine what was 
in the hole ; who, having searched the tree, discovers the child 
in the tree. He took it out, and his master carried it to his 
lady almost dead ; he told her his dream was out, declaring how 
he found the child, and begged her to take care of it. The child 
was revived, and in a little time brought to itself again ; bat 
they could not imagine whose it was ; till at last it happened 
that some woman came to the gentleman's house, a singing at 
Christmas, and seeing the child, knew it, and declared whose it 
was, and that it was supposed to be dead and buried. The 
gentleman goes and prevails with the minister of the parish to 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 



117 



have the grave opened, and found the waxen effigy of the child 
in the grave. He went to the justice of the peace, to whom he 
declared the matter; who sent his warrant for the child's 
trustee, who, being convicted of the matter, was not able to 
deny it, but confessed all the business. But seeing the child 
was alive, it is supposed he will not be tried for his life, but it 
is thought a severe punishment will be inflicted on him ; and 
the justice appointed the gentleman that found the child to be 
its trustee till the assizes. The child is now at the gentleman's 
house, who loves it as if it was his own, for he has no* children 
himself, and is a man of a good estate, and is likely to augment 
very much the child's fortune. 




Tune " Forgive me if your looks I thought" 



A wealthy squire in the north, 

Who left an infant daughter 
All his estate of mighty worth ; 

But mark what follow'd after. 
As he lay on his dying bed, 

He calTd his brother to him, 
And unto him these words he said : 

" I from the world am going ; 



118 YOBKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

n. 

" Therefore, dear brother, take my child, 

Which is both young and tender, 
And for my sake be kind and mild, 

And faithfully defend her. 
Three hundred pounds a year I leave 

To bring her up in fashion ; 
1 hope you will not her deceive, 

But use her with compassion.'* 

ni. 
To which the brother then replied, 

"I'll sooner suffer torture, 
Than e'er become a wicked guide, 

Or wrong your only daughter." 
The father then did seem content, 

And like a lamb expired, 
As thinking nothing could prevent 

What he had thus desir'd. 

IV, 

The father being dead and gone, 
The unkle then contrived 

To make the child's estate his own, 
And of its life deprive it. 

A wicked thought came in his head, 
i And thus concludes to serve it ; 

He takes it up out of the bed 
And then resolves to starve it. 



With wicked mind, into a wood 

He then the infant carries ; 
And tho' he would not shed her blood, 

Yet there alive he buries 
Within a hollow oaken tree ; 

He stop'd the mouth from crying, 
That none might hear and come to see 

How the poor child was dying. 

VI. 

Then gave he out the child was dead, 

And did pretend some sorrow, 
And caus'd the shape in wax be made, 

To bury on the morrow ; 
Some mourning, too, he bought beside, 

All to avoid suspicion, 
But yet, alas ! this would not hide 

The guilt of his commission. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 119 

vn. 
For happy fate and providence 

Did keep the child from dying, 
Whose chiefest guard was innocence, 

On which is best relying ; 
For when the breath was almost spent, 

A gentleman did spy her, 
As he and 's man a hunting went 

And so approached nigh her. 

VIII. 

He took the wrong'd infant home, 

And to his lady gave it ; 
Quoth he, " This child from fatal doom 

I happily did save it ; 
Therefore I'll keep it as my own, 

Since I have none beside it ; 
Tho' such a thing is seldom known, 

I will support and guide it." 

IX. 

But as the lady and her spouse 

Did to the neighbours show it, 
A woman came into the house 

That presently did know it. 
And soon discovered all the cheat 

The unkle had intended, 
To get the poor young child's estate 

Who promised to defend it. 

x. 

The wicked unkle being seized, 

And charged with his transgression, 
His mind and conscience was so teazed, 

He made a full confession. 
The justice sent him to the jail, 

Where he is closely guarded, 
And next assizes will not fail 

Of being well rewarded. 



The Sisterb of Beverley. — Mr. W. Andrews, giving, in 
**rt VI, Yorkshire Notes and Queries, a transcript of the 
beautiful poem, bearing the above title, says — "After consider- 
able trouble, I have failed to discover the author of the fore- 
going charming lines which first appeared in the Literary 
Gazette. If any reader can name the writer I shall feel greatly 
obliged/' In reply to this Query — Mr. Andrews is in error in 
apposing that its first appearance was in the Literary Gazette, 



** 



120 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

where it was given as an extract from a new work. It was 
through that Journal that it became more generally known to 
the reading world and in consequence of its appearance there, 
it was attributed to the pen of Alaric A. Watts, whose style of 
writing it resembles, and who was a contributor to the Literary 
Gazette, and a much admired Poet of the " Annuals " school, 
one of which " The Literary Souvenir," he edited. He was 
residing in Leeds at the period in question, from 1822 to 1826-7, 
as Editor of the " Leeds Intelligencer." Mr. Watts however was 
not the writer of the Poem, which appeared in " London in the 
Olden Times: a series of Tales from the 12th to the 15th 
century," 1st series p. 191. The work was published anony- 
mously and consists of a series of very graphic pictures of the 
London of that period, each one with an appendant poem of a 
similar character to the above. Lowndes in his Bibliographer's 
Manual attributes it to " Miss Lawrence," but who she was and 
whether she published anything else, I cannot tell, as I do not 
find her name in Allibone, Maunder, or any other collection of 
literary Biographies. 

London. Fbbdk. Boss. 

Palm Sunday Custom. — In some parishes in the West 
Biding of Yorkshire there is a custom for the children to go on 
Palm Sunday to a particular well in the neighbourhood and 
there fill bottles with water, which they afterwards drink, 
sweetened with sugarcandy, or flavoured with Spanish juice. 
The well to whioh the children thus resort is, in three in- 
stances with which I am acquainted, known by the name of 
" Sennaca Well." This identity of name seems to point to 
some common origin and reason for the custom, of which, 
together with the meaning or derivation of the name "Sennaca/' 
I shall be glad if any of your readers can furnish an expla- 
nation. Can " Sennaca" be a corruption of " Sancta Aqua" 
and is this custom a survival from pagan times? or is "Sen- 
naca " the garbled name of some saint, to whom the wells in 
question were once dedicated ? I am not sure of the spelling 
of the word, but it is pronounced like the name of the Roman 
philosopher. F. C. Tbiblwall. 

169, Gloucester-road. N.W. 
We shall be glad to receive any information from our readers 
which may help to throw light on this singular custom. 

Notable Yorkshire Characters. — " There is probably more 
original and independent thought in Yorkshire brains, than in 
those of any half dozen other counties in England," was my 
hasty exclamation after perusing Mr. Baring-Gould's well known 
work, and further reflection confirms the view. The great lack 
of his volumes, is Portraits of the individuals whom he graphi- 
cally desoribes — a want which I have for many years been 
endeavouring to supply, though with but partial success ; 



V 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 121 

knowledge of any authentic additions will be thankfully ac- 
knowledged. I now wish greatly to complete a short biographical 
notice of the earliest Bookseller, if not also Stationer, of Rich- 
mond town, Isabella Tinkler by name but colloquially termed 
44 Tibby Tinkler," the predecessor of Mr. John Bell who was 
father to the well known George Bell, long head of the well 
known publishing firm of the metropolis. In vain have the 
Histories of Richmond been searched for any biographical 
notice of the worthy Tibby, but we are assured that some infor- 
mation will be found in the Richmond Pictorial Times, published 
and I presume printed also, in Bichmond. A complete File of 
this Journal, which only appeared for ten years ;— (1850-60) is 
probably scarce ; but some of your North Yorkshire readers 
may possess, or know of one, and be able to supply the, pro- 
bably short, account of the old lady, the memory of whom is 
by no means extinct in her native town. 

H. Eckoyd Smith. 

Advice to Quarry-men and Stone Breakers. — Never break 
up a stone that has an artificial hole in it, or bearing old tool 
marks. Keep it carefully, as, sooner or later you will find 
your advantage ; for if in fair condition the object may fetch 
money. Many a pound has been lost through allowing children 
to play with and mutilate ancient articles of great interest. 

H. Eobotd Smith. 

A Yorkshire Bite. — "We have thus given all our unsolicited 
contributors a thoroughly hearty Yorkshire welcome ; our motto 
in this connection being 4 a fair field and no favour/ it is one 
that naturally brings to our remembrance an old and genuine 
county term, which having become most scandalously perverted 
from its once honourable signification, has been twisted into a 
weapon of reproach and contempt. We allude to the term 4 A 
Yorkshire Bite.' Every one who has thoroughly examined the 
subject must candidly admit that, so far from originating in 
any tricky, mean, or dishonourable characteristic, the very reverse 
is the case. In fact, 4 A Yorkshire Bite ' is in homely phrase 
'the best Vih luniscj or, in other words, the best of the provisions 
in the family larder, for the guest or stranger ; and this as a 
recognized matter of course and custom. In our opening re- 
marks, we have dwelt somewhat on the corruption of proper or 
place-names, but, socially speaking, what is this in comparison 
with transmuting the sense of an honourable term into one of 
scorn, reproach and contumely? In the name of the whole 
county we protest against such a shamefully defamatory per- 
version of this most creditable and hospitable term, and trust 
every one of our readers will use their best endeavours to 
counteract the scandal so far as they can, by proclaiming the 
truth of the matter when occasion serves." — H. Ecroyd SmWi's 
History of Conisboroiigh Castle. 



122 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Can any of your readers inform me of the earliest known use 
of the curious appellation, smither-eetis, in the sense of the 
complete smash of an object ; also whether the term is general 
in England, or merely localised. H. Ecboyd Smith. 

Some of us can remember eccentric Sunday School Teachers, 
as well as local preachers. In the early part of this century 
there were established in Saddleworth a number of Sunday 
Schools in various districts, wherein were taught— Beading, 
Writing and other matters of elementary education. The 
scholars were taken in rotation to the various Churches and 
Chapels in the parish ; on one occasion at the School in Upper 
Mill, a scholar was reading the Scripture Lesson, he came upon 
a word he could not pronounce, he appealed to the Teacher who 
was in a like difficulty, so he told the lad to " ko it summat 
sharp an goo on," the lad immediately called out " Bazzur." 
This was so satisfactory that no objection was made. 

G.H.A. 



©n sonu (Barlg |torksljir* Jtocai |Jr*acIj*rs. 

When I was a young man, which would be about 1888, I 
used to take great pleasure in going round on the Sundays, to 
one Methodist Chapel or another, to listen to the popular 
preachers of the time ; many of whom were what were termed 
"Looals." These men were generally quite unlearned, and 
spoke what they had to say in the broadest of broad Yorkshire 
dialect. What they had to say was said in the strongest 
fashion, and had a telling effect on the audiences which they 
were addressing. All their illustrations and similes were 
drawn from humble life ; and being homely, the sentences went 
straight to the feelings of those whom they addressed. 

The first I shall name was Jonathan Savile, of Denholme, 
who died in 1842, between eighty and ninety years of age. He 
was wonderfully popular, although a very poor man as to this 
world's wealth. -There was also Joshua Northrop, of Clayton, 
who is still alive, (1887) at a good old age. He was a weaver 
by trade, and during a long life has been respected by all. 
Dick Throp, and John Thornton, of Great Horton, were power- 
ful for good in their time, and they both had the most powerful 
voices I ever heard. I used to tremble when they were speaking. 
Eli Crowther, who came from Colne, I think, into this part of 
the country, was a draper by trade, and quite untaught. I 
remember once going to hear him near White Abbey, Manning- 
ham, when he took for a text the words : — The men which have 
turned the world upside down, are come hither also." He read 
this two or three times over ; then he said, " The first sarmon 
that ever I preycht in my life, wor tul a row of peat stacks; 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 128 

an' its naa seven years sin. Well, I think I hear some on ye 
saying, if I'd preycht as long as ihaa hes, I could preych a 
better sarmon nor thaa does. Naa if ony on yo think soa, come 
up into this pooilpit, an' try." With that he came down the 
steps to the bottom, bat as nobody took up the challenge, he 
quietly walked back again. But although he talked for almost 
an hour, he never once mentioned his text, or the subject of it, 
in all he said afterwards. Another well-known character of 
the time, was Esquire Brook, of Huddersfield. He was in great 
demand for revival meetings, love-feasts, and chapel openings. 
His preaching was not of a very valuable sort, but then he was 
reputed to give largely when he was invited out to minister. I 
once went to a love feast with two companions, and after we 
got to the place we all went in to see the travelling preaoher in 
the vestry. We told him we had a great desire to be admitted, 
though not members of the society ; and he gave us tickets, 
along with a bit of, I dare say, good advice. It was at Wych- 
field Chapel, Shelf; and Squire Brook, as they called him 
occupied the pulpit. He spoke in quite a ranting manner for 
some time, when, one after another, many of the congregation 
began to swoon away, and fall down in the seats where they 
were. I at first thought it must be caused by the heat of the 
chapel, as it was crowded in every part. But I soon found out 
that the cause was religious fervour, and excitement. Soon 
some of them came round, and began shouting, Glory be to 
God, with all their strength. Altogether fifty people were 
affected in this way, and a young woman in our pew fell upon 
one of my friends as we were sitting there. This lasted for 
about two hours, as one after another related what they called, 
—"their experience." -Billy Dawson, of Barnbow, (I think 
that was the name of the place where he lived) was a very re- 
markable man. He was a farmer, and in great demand for 
Chapel-opening. Wherever he went crowds ran after him, and 
there was often a large congregation in the chapel-yard, of 
those who could not get to hear him inside. Some noted man 
generally addressed the disappointed ones. I heard Billy preach 
a sermon when he opened a chapel at Great Horton, and his 
sermon was uttered with great force, in the best Yorkshire 
vernacular. It was indeed a rare treat. Another was John 
Preston, of Yeadon. All he said was spoken in the purest 
dialect of the place he hailed from, and he was the most earnest 
man of his day. It was said that his wife always went with 
him to every town or village where he preached ; to encourage 
and help him ; but he certainly was the most amusing of all the 
local men who entered the Wesley an pulpits. The Eccleshill 
people adored him, and I am only sorry that I cannot give any 
specimens of what he said from my own memory. John Nelson, 
Sammy Hick, and Dicky Burdsal, had all passed away before 



124 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

my time, but their lives have been written, and can be bought. 
Of a later day, Charles Rhodes must not be unmentioned. 
From being a poor man, he accumulated money, and spent a 
• comfortable old age. It is related of him that once when he 
was preaching, he undertook to show his hearers how easy it 
was to go to hell, by sliding down the rail of the pulpit stairs. 
But wishing afterwards to show how hard it is to climb to 
heaven, he made an attempt to scramble up on the rail, but did 
not suoceed. He had to go up the steps in the ordinary way. 
Thus his illustration broke down, to the amusement of the con- 

Segation. But Mr. Rhodes, though uncultivated in manner, 
,d his heart in the right place, and has left a happy memory 
behind him. 

Fifty years ago very few of the people who lived in the 
villages of the West Biding of Yorkshire, could either read or 
write ; and books were exceedingly scarce in the cottages of the 
working people. Hence when a man had received the Gospel, 
and was called to preach, and exhort, he had no resources or 
learning to fall back upon. But his zeal often helped him to 
overcome all the obstacles which crowded his path. Blunders 
he would often make, many specimens of which I oould relate ; 
but his hearers were no better informed than he himself was; 
and being so, they did not notice the blunders which he made. 

A few "locals" of the old generation are left. There are of 
course "locals" yet in all Dissenting congregations, and it is 
not six months since one of them made himself famous by his 
flowery language; but ridiculous, also, at the same time, by his 
repetition of the term negative several times when he really 
meant the affirmative. He was a young man, wishful to show 
his learning, and did show it. But Sammy Hick, and Billy 
Dawson, and Squire Brooke, and old Casson are dead and gone, 
and their peculiar language, their strange idioms, and their 
undecorated dialeot speech are gone with them. Many strange 
tales are told of their eccentric conduct in the pulpit, and they 
all border upon the humorous, as much as the story of t'Clark 
o' Beeston, who said "let's begin agean." It was one of the 
four above-mentioned who described the broad and the narrow 
ways as follows: — " Friends, the road to hell is easy to travel; 
as easy as sliding down this rail." Then, after sliding down 
the pulpit rail, he stood at the bottom, and to further increase 
the interest of the subject as he stood there, he went on with 
his discourse to tell how hard in comparison the path of honour 
was to travel. "It is just as hard to get to heaven as to get 
back up this rail ; " and to further exemplify his discourse he 
began to scramble up the rail he had so easily come down ; and 
on arriving back in the pulpit panting, he went on with the 
subject he had explained in such a homely way. It was such 
men who led the revivals up and down the country, and carried 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 125 

an enthusiasm with them that better men were unable to do. 
The writer recollects a veteran "local*' likening men to ciphers, 
which, all added together, came but to another cypher, while God 
was the figure one, worth so much in comparison. Not only did 
he do this, but on the top of the dusty organ, which reached to 
nearly the top of the pulpit, he exemplified his discourse by 
making a row of ciphers there. It was, we believe, at Lowmoor 
where another such Christian filled the pulpit, and when there 
arrived in the doorway a crowd of people, who stared at the 
already filled chapel, and seemed lost as to where they oould 
sit, heard him call out : — " Make way thear for t f Pudsey chaps, 
ye Lowmoorers, an' let t f hauf-crahners come forrad," attend- 
ing to the better givers who had come from a distance to hear 
him. It is well known that some of these "locals" could draw 
crowded houses, and were much in request for anniversary 
sermons where a collection followed ; for not only did many 
come, but they gave liberally as well, in obedience to the rough 
and homely call from the pulpit at tlje close of the sermon. 
One yet Eves who in his younger days walked away a few miles 
into the country to give a morning sermon. He did not receive 
the usual invitation to dinner, and had therefore to walk baok 
home to his mid-day meal. But he was revenged upon them 
in his own way. His next sermon at that plaoe was an evening 
one ; before he began he hung upon the corner of the pulpit an 
old torn handkerchief, and at the finish of the sermon, before 
the prayer meeting which was to follow, he opened the hand- 
kerchief and commenced to eat. " I came," he said, " to preach 
one day and had no dinner, so I thought it best to bring some- 
thing with me this time." Old Bammy Senior never made an 
allusion to Noah but as Mr. Noah; and many others as curious 
as he, lived and moved and had their being forty years ago, and 
gave their little surpluses to charitable purposes. 

What follows appeared recently in a monthly issue of the 
Wedeyan Methodist Magazine and confirms what has previously 
been said : — 

It must be confessed that, from the days of John Nelson 
downward, Yorkshire has been distinguished for its powerful 
local preachers. Some of them have not been allowed to pass 
away without memorial, notably Richard Burdsall, Sammy 
Hick, William Dawson, Squire Brook, and John Preston, of 
Yeadon, better known to many readers as Johan Preston. For 
two intervals of more than a year's duration he was, inju- 
diciously, as we think, excluded from the Grove pulpit; the 
first time on account of his leading part in Mr. Parker's revival, 
the second because of the supposed ill-effect of his rich, though 
rough, humour on the lads. For ourselves, we never heard a 
syllable from Preston that tended to irreverence. And we have 
no hesitation in saying that, in preaching to the young or the 



126 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

old, the strong or even rough vernacular is far preferable to 
grandiloquent inflation, and that rustic point and power is 
much better than a dead level of monotonous respectability. 
Give us a man of unlettered genius and true spiritual force 
rather than such a one as Jay so happily described: "His only 
defect is that he has no excellence, and his only excellence that 
he has no defect." Preston's strong originality made him a 
great favourite with the boys. It must be confessed that Joh&n 
was not seldom irresistibly amusing, especially at the earlier 
part of his discourse. Once, before giving out his text, be 
looked deprecatingly at his congregation, and said, " Ye mind, 
I hope I s'all have a better time wi' this text nor I had t'last 
time I tackled it. It wur at Casho (Acacia) Got ; an' I had a 
fearful bad time, I promise (assure) you. T'woife wur wi' ineb, 
an' I ses tull her at eftur, * It didn't gooah vary weel to-neeght, 
lass.' ' Gooah mun ! gooah! ' shoo ses, 'it mudn't weel gooah; 
thah niver gat it on its feet.' " But, happily, t'woife knew how 
to be encouraging on occasion. Preston's popularity cause*! 
him to be in great request for charity sermons. We have heard 
the late Rev. W. 0. Booth tell with keen relish of the only time 
he ever heard Preston. The occasion was the chapel anniver- 
sary sermons at Eccleshill. Mr. Booth, who was immensely 
popular, especially in his native neighbourhood, took the 
morning and evening, and Preston the afternoon service. The 
former hoped to find some corner in the chapel where he might 
hear the famous local preacher unobserved. But he found the 
place so packed that he was obliged to plead privilege of clergy 
and go in through the vestry. On seeing him Preston exclaimed 
"Nah, lad, I'se noan bahn to heh thee before meh all t'time. 
Thah mun sit behint meh i' t'pulpit." In truth it was the only 
seat available. Before Preston gave out his text, he said, " Ye 
mind, all t'week t'woife 's been cummin' to me an' saying', 
* Johan, what dus ta sit luikin' inti t'fire i' that way for. Its 
that lad Oliver Boith thahs fleered on." ' Nah lass,' all ses, 
' ah can noan preich like Oliver Boith ; ' an' shoo ses, ( An* 
Oliver Boith can't preich like thee.' However, friends, I'se 
nobbut gie it a bit rough, ye knaw, an' I sal leave it for this 
lad here to snodden it." Then, glancing over his shoulder at 
Mr. Booth, " An' a bonnie job thah'd hev, lad." We once saw 
and felt an electric effect produced by an irrepressible exclama- 
tion from Johan Preston. It was at the opening service at 
Woodhouse Grove Chapel, at Apperley Bridge, the great Bobert 
Newton being the preacher. The place was so crowded tbat 
the boys were bestowed in the vestry, and we happened to sit 
so near to the open door step as to command almost the whole 
congregation. Bight in front of the preacher,* on a form be- 
tween the pews and the pulpit, sat Johan Preston. The text 
was, "For wheresoever two or three are gathered together," &c. 



YOBKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 127 

When the orator came to " There am I in the midst of them," 
he rose to his highest pitch. Preston sat grasping his right 
knee with both his hands, swaying with emotion ; and when 
the preacher in his grandest tone rolled out, " Yes, however 
humble the place, however homely the preacher, « There am 1/ " 
Preston took fire — fire which his tears could not put out, and 
he half sobbed, half shouted, " Ay, Robbard, that's it." There 
was a momentary shock, as if too great a freedom had been 
taken. But "Robbard" — himself a Yorkshire villager — bent 
his magnificent person, and stretched out towards Preston the 
right hand of fellowship, and answered, " Ay, my good brother, 
that is it." 

The Rev. Robert Newton, who is mentioned above was a very 
remarkable man, and a Yorkshireman. He was a splendid 
orator, and also well read in Scripture truths, from which he 
drew apt illustrations. He died at Easing wold, Yorkshire, on 
the 30th of April, 1854. " When the news of his death was 
made known at a missionary meeting held the day after, May 
1st, man and woman, all over that vast multitude, bowed under 
a personal sorrow, and youth and age together dropped a tear. 
That moment of silence and grief was such an ovation as a 
worldly hero seldom wins." He was more than seventy years 
of age when he passed away, fifty-five of which he had been a 
preacher in the Wesleyan Connexion. Roger Stobrs. 



Peace Egg. — Some of us can well remember how we desired 
to learn the " Peace Egg," and be enabled to strut about in tinsel 
and colours, but now we never see a company of performers at 
our doors. Yorkshiremen abroad will have forgotten the 
appearance of the chap-book that was vended in those days, 
with its bleared wood-cuts of gallant knights, and the final 
black, powerfully-winged devil. We will first record the popular 
rhyme, and then add a few lines on its meaning and antiquity. 
After a wood-cut of a most valiant, armour-clad knight, we have 
a grotesque block representing the Fool. 

ACT 1. 
Enter Actors. 

Fool. — Room, room, Brave gallants, give us room to sport, 
For to this roonj we wish now to resort, 
Resort, and to repeat to you our merry rhyme, 
For remember, good sirs, this is Christmas time. 
The time to cut up goose-pies now doth appear, 
So we are come to act a little of our merry Christmas here. 
At the sound of the trumpet, and the beat of the drum, 
Hake room, brave gentlemen, and let our actors come. 
We are the merry actors that traverse the street, 
We are the merry actors that fight for our meat ; 



128 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

We are the merry actors that show pleasant play, 
Step in, St. George, thou champion, and clear the way. 
Enter St. Gbobob. 
St. George. — I am St. George, who from old England sprung; 
My famous name throughout the world hath rung, 
Many bloody deeds and wonders have I made known, 
And made false tyrants tremble on their throne. 
I followed a fair lady to a giant's gate, 
Confined in dungeon deep to meet her fate ; 
Then I resolved with true knight-errantry, 
To burst the door, and set the prisoner free. 
When lo ! a giant almost struck me dead, 
But by my valour I cut off his head. — 
I've searched the world all round and round, 
But a man to equal me I've never found. 

Enter Slasher to St. Geoboe. 
Slaslier. — I am a valiant soldier, and Slasher is my name, 
With sword and buckler by my side, I hope to win more fame ; 
And for to fight with me I see thou art not able, 
So with my trusty broad-sword I soon will thee disable. 

St. George. — Disable ; disable ; it lies not in thy power, 
For with my glittering sword and spear I soon will thee devour. 
So stand off Slasher ; let no more be said, 
For if I draw my sword I am sure to break thy head. 

Slaslur. — How can'st thou break my head ? 
Since it is made of iron, 
And my body's made of steel, 
My hands and feet of knuckle bone, 

I challenge thee to field. — They fight and Slasher is wounded. 
Exit St. George. 

Enter Fool to Slasher. 
Fool. — Alas ! alas ! my ohiefest son is slain, 
What must I do to raise him up again ? 
Here he lies in the presence of you all : 
I'll lovingly for a doctor call — 
(aloud) A doctor ! a doctor ! ten pounds for a doctor, 
I'll go and fetch a doctor, (going) 

Enter Dootob. 
Doctor. — Here am I. 
Fool. — Are you the Doctor. 

Doctor. — Yes : that you may plainly see, by my art and activity* 
Fool. — Well, what's your fee to cure this man ? 
Doctor. — Ten pounds is my fee ; but Jack, if thou be an honest 
man, I'll only take five off thee. 

Fool, — You'll be wondrous cunning if you get any ( aside, j — 
Well, how far have you travelled in dootorahip ? 

Doctor.— From Italy, Titaly, High Germany, France k Spftin* 
and now am returned to cure the diseases in Old England again* 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 129 

Fool— So far, and no further ? 

Doctor.— yes ! a great deal further. 

Fool.— How far ? 

Doctor. — From the fireside, cupboard, upstairs, and into bed. 

Fool.- What diseases can you cure? * 

Doctor. — All sorts. 

Fool— What's all sorts ? 

Doctor. — The itch, pitch, the palsy, and the gout. If a man 
gets nineteen devils in his skull, I'll cast twenty of them out. 
I have in my pocket, crutches for lame ducks, spectacles for 
blind humblebees, paoksaddles and panniers for grasshoppers, 
and plaisters for broken-backed mice. I cured Sir Harry of a 
nang-nail, almost fifty-five yards long, surely I can cure this 
poor man.-^Here, Jack ; take a little out of my bottle, and let 
it run down thy throttle ; if thou be not quite slain, rise, Jack, 
and fight again — (Slasher rises.) 

Slasher. — my back ! 

Fool.— What's amiss with thy back ? 

Slather. — My back it is wounded, 

Ancl my heart is confounded, 
To be struck out of seven senses into four-score, 
The like was never seen in old England before. 
Enter St. George. 

Sksher.— hark! St. George, I hear the silver trumpet sound, 
That summons us from off this bloody ground, 
Down yonder is the way, (pointing.) 
Farewell, St. George, we can no longer stay. 

Fool— Yes, Slasher, thou had'st better go ; 

Else next time he'll pierce thee through. 
Eocit Slasher, Doctor, and Fool. 



ACT 2. 

St. George. — I am St. George, that noble champion bold, 
And with my trusty sword I won ten thousand pounds in gold : 
Twas I that fought the fiery dragon, and brought him to the 

slaughter, 
And by those means I won the King of Egypt's daughter. 

EntUr Prince of Paradinb. (Palestine.) 
11 that be he who doth stand there 
That slew my master's son and heir, 
If he be sprung from royal blood 
I'll make it run like Noah's flood. 

St. George. — Hold, Hector 1 do not be so hot, 

For here thou knowest not who thou'st got, 

Y. F-L. J 



380 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

For I can tame thee of thy pride, 
And lay thine anger, too, aside : 
Inch thee, and cut thee as small as flies 
And send thee over the sea to make mince pies, 
Mince pies hot, mince pies cold, 
I'll send thee to Black Sam* before thou art 
three days old. 
Hector. — How can'st thon tame me of my pride, 
And lay mine anger, too, aside ; 
Inch me, and cut me as small as flies 
And send me over the sea to make mince pies ; 
Mince pies hot, mince pies cold, 
How can'st thou send me to Black Sam before 

I'm three days old ? 
Since my head is made of iron, 
My body's made of steel, 
My hands and feet of knuckle bone, 
I challenge thee to field. 

They fight and Hector is irounded. 
I am a valiant knight, and Hector is my name, 

Many bloody battles have I fought, 
And always won the same, 

But from St. George I received this bloody wound, 

fa trum}>et sound*} 
Hark ! hark ! I hear the silver trumpet sound, 
Down yonder is the way, (pointing) 
Farewell, St. George, I can no longer stay. (ExU.j 

Enter Fool to St. George. 

St. George. — Here comes from post, Old Bold Ben. 

Fool. — Why, master, did ever I take you to be my friend ? 

St. George. — Why, Jack, did I ever do thee any harm ? 

Fool. — Thou proud saucy coxcomb, begone ! 

St. George. — A coxcomb ! I defy that name ! 
With a sword thou ought to be stabbed for the same. 

Fool. — To be stabbed is the least I fear, 
Appoint your time and place, I'll meet you there. 

St. George. — I'll cross the water at the hour of five, 
And meet you there, Sir, if I be alive. Exit. 

Here come I, Beelzebub, and over my shoulders I carry my 
club, and in my hand a dripping pan, and I think myself a jolly 
old man, and if you don't believe what I say, enter in Devil- 
doubt, and clear the way. 

Enter Devil-doubt. 

Here come I, little Devil-doubt, if you do not give me money 
I'll sweep you all out ; money I want, and money I crave ; if 
you do not give me money, I'll sweep you all to the grave. 

* Still used for " Satan.*' 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 181 

The Rapes [Rapier, or Sword] Dangers, about eight boys, 
acted a version of the old drama at Brighouse, on Easter- 
Monday,* April 11th, 1887. They were dressed in coloured 
jackets, and card-board hats, trimmed with coloured paper, 
beads, trinkets, artificial roses. Each carried a sword consist- 
ing of a long strip of plate iron, with tin handle. After per- 
forming, they begged coppers from the by-standers. 

In the North of Ireland after St. George, a Turk, and the 
Doctor, the boys introduce St. Patrick and Oliver Cromwell 
into the drama. 

01. Cnm. — Here come I, Oliver Cromwell, as you may sup- 
pose, I conquered many nations with my copper nose ; I made 
my foes for to tremble and my enemies for to quake, and beat 
my opposers till I made their hearts to ache ; and if you don't 
believe what I say, enter in Beelzebub, and clear the way. 

Bteh. — Here come I, Beelzebub, and over my shoulder I 
carry my club, and in my hand a dripping pan ; I think myself 
a jolly old man ; and if you don't believe what I say, enter in 
Devil-doubt and clear the way. 

Devil Doubt. — Here come I, little Devil-doubt, if you don't 
give me money, I'll sweep you all out ; money I want and 
money I crave, if you don't give me money I'll sweep you all 
to your grave. 

Leader. — Gentlemen and Ladies, — Since our sport is ended, 
our box must now be recommended ; our box would speak if it 
had a tongue, nine or ten shillings would do it no wrong. All 
silver and no brass. 

Song by them all : 

Your cellar doors are locked, 
And we're all like to choke ; 
And it's all for the drink 
That we sing, boys, sing. 



3J0rk5ljtrt $p*{rks. 

44 He couldn't finn'd in his heart," is a very common mode of 
expression. 

"I am quite better," is a positive comparative, when answer- 
ing friends. 

"I reckon not," has nothing to do with " ready reckoners." 

" He has got his wage," is never used but plurally. 

"He's fearful poorly," and a poor woman told me that her 
husband was a "fearful reader." 

"Fearful fine," and " fearful grand," are quite common. 

"There's a vast o' folks," means that there are a great many. 

• Also during Christmas-week, 1886. 



182 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

" Think on, then/' is naked language, but what of " I will 
think on of it ? 

" To ware money," is to spend it, and " brass " is money in 
Yorkshire; and it had once to endure the "trial of the pix." 
It is a pure Saxon word. 

When illness is likely to be fatal, they say " It will be too 
many for him." 

"Do" often turns up. " I can't do with this man." " This 
will do nothing." " It is a good do." 

When a candidate for favour is unpopular, they are said "to 
shout him," for " hoot him." 

If an unwilling assent is given, they say " I am like." If a 
denial, " None so," or " I will not do so, you mind." 

It is "good to see," they say, when sometimes the very 
opposite is meant. 

If a creditor gets only part of what is due, it is said " He has 
got part money." If a man is getting on in the world, " He is 
worth part money." 

" It was all long of him." This occurs in The Life and Death 
of Thomas Lord Cromwell. "Into decay indeed, 'long of that 
wretch." 

This is good Saxon. " He is carried on nicely," spoken of a 
person who is getting better of a complaint. 

" Nowt of the sort," is a very resolute disclaimer. 

A person, or neighbour, and even a prospect or landscape, is 
spoken of as " decent." This reminds one of the remark, the 
modesty of nature, 

" He did call him," implies abuse. 

" He's rare an' sick," in a "rare taking," in a " rare pain." 
Is from the Saxon (raran) to roar. Roaring, the participle, is 
now used in " He's doing a roaring trade." 

If a person needs assistance, his comrade promises to " give 
him a leg on." 

" To pay " a person is to beat him ; this is probably from the 
Greek. 

" I will take up the bill, if I nobbud get the money." The 
French words ne que are similar. Chaucer says in his Wife of 
Bath, — For mine intent is not but to play. 

" He is better of himself," is said of a person under a chronic 
disease feeling more oomfortable. 

" He takes sturdy," is said of a man who will not yield. 

" He is sadly let down by his wife." 

" He frets himself over it," or " He frets," used as a neuter. 

" To heir an estate," is parlance as prevalent as it is intoler- 
able. 

" He has aged very much lately," makes a person stare who 
is not used to it. 

" They regularly sarve him," is said of a person who receives 
alms. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 188 

" Gome oat of that," is friendly advice when a person is in 
danger. 

" He sets great store by him," implies value. 

" Nasty, or snasty," is said of a person who is litigious. 

" Happen it may," is distinctive. [Perhaps.'] 

" Forth putting," is energy of execution. 

" I'll come enow," that is, soon. 

'* He's a fool to him." It is said when the superlative excel- 
lence of some one is pleaded. 

" What is that man after ?" JSfter in Saxon, gives the sense 
of for and close to a thing. Thus the original sense is retained. 

" What do they call him ?" For what is his name ? 

" You have had your say" or " I will have my say, as how." 
This is clearly an outrage both on the verb and the substantive. 

" 1 am fair puzzled," is somewhat conflicting. 

(< He is safe to be hung," is an undesirable safety. But King 
John says the same of Peter of Pomfret. 

" He is a sore one," refers to wicked conduct. 

" He's gone to lead coals," would appear that he had per- 
suaded the minerals to follow him. 

" None " is very potential. " I will go none." " I will none 
pay his debts." " It's none o' mine." 

"I shall stop while such a day." But the dialect runs riot in 
prepositions. " I am richer nor you." " This man is better nor 
that." " Can you do anything at it." " He reads to him of 
night." "What by that?" "What do you think to such a 
thing, or man?" "He's got killed." "He is gone dead." 
"He is off on the rant," with which we will conclude for the 
present. Collated from "Nugjs Literary : by the Rev. Bichd. 
Winter Hamilton. Leeds : J. Y. Knight, 1841." 



100 
108 



YORKSHIRE CENTENARIANS. 

Richard Wrightson, of Sherburn, died July 7, 

1846, aged 
Mbs. Todd, of Richmond, Yorkshire, died in 

1790. Annual Register. Aged 

Thos. Clark, of Brook, computed to bee 105 years 

ould, Nov. 28, 1658. Ecclesfield Register. 
Alice Brearley, of Potterhill, Oct. 80, 1842, Aged 108 

Ecclesfield Register. 
1765. A Labouring Man and his Wife living in Pontefract, 

he 108, she 105. Annual Register, 1765. 
1792. Death of Mrs. Mawhood, or Maud, Aged 100 

Annual Register. 
1764. Death of Geo. Kirton, of Oxnop Hall, near Leyburn, 

aged 124. He followed the hounds until the age of 80 ; 



184 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

went in a chair to the unkennelling of the hounds until 
100, and made very free with the bottle until 110. 

Annual RegisUr. 

In Whitby Parish Church Yard, near the top of the steps, 
is a stone bearing the following : — 

To the 

Memory of 

Esther Lino, who died 

Nov. the 2nd, 1770, 

Aged 109 years. 

The longest liver to Death's power must yield ; 

Nor ought below can from that Tyrant shield. 

[Copied, April 11th, 1887.] 

Hannah, Widow of Joseph Wilkinson, of Idle Workhouse, 
aged 108, buried at Calverley Church in 1790. 

Richard Farber, of Bolton, near Bradford, a native of Idel, 
aged 100, buried at Calverley Church in 1657. 

Elizabeth, Widow of Daniel Farrer, of Owlcoates, aged 105, 
buried at Calverley Church in 1779. 

Old Dame Lobley, of Pudsey, aged 99, buried at Calverley 
Church in 1672. 

Agnes Bboadley, of Bagley, aged 106, buried at Calverley 
Church, May 10, 1718. 

Elizabeth Cromack, of Idle, aged 99* buried at Calverley 
Church in 1827. Her grandson 'long Benjamin/ re- 
quired a coffin seven feet eleven inches long. 

1782. Valentine Cateby, aged 116, of Preston, near Hull. 
He went to sea in his eighteenth year, and continued a sailor 
for about 86 years; he afterwards became a farmer, which 
calling he also followed 36 years. His diet, especially for the 
last twenty years of his life, was milk and biscuit. His intel- 
lect was perfect and composed up to the close of his life. 

Robert Ogleby, commonly known by the name of the " Old 
Tinker," was born at Bipon on the 16th of November, 1654, as 
appears by the register, and, to corroborate which, his own 
account of himself is that he was put apprentice in 1668, to 
one Sellers, a brazier, at York, when he was fourteen years of 
age ; that he served seven years in that capacity, and two years 
more as journeyman. He then began business for himself at 
Bipon, which he carried on five years, and failed. After which 
he went to Hull, and wrought journey work there four years, 
when he entered King James's service ; was sent with the regi- 
ment to Ireland, where he changed his master, and was among 
those who fought under King William at the battle of Boyne in 
1690, where he saw the Duke of Schomberg fall. He served 
about twenty-three years longer in the army in different places, 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 185 

and was discharged after the peace of Utrecht, but having 
neither wounds nor infirmities to plead for him, he got no pen- 
sion, so he resumed his old trade, or rather took up the new 
one of travelling brazier, which he continued till within four 
years of his death ; and at the amazing age of 110 woxdd carry 
his budget twenty miles on a winter's day, and do his business 
with as much alacrity as any other man at fifty. (?) But he 
soon after grew infirm, and was obliged to give up the itinerant 
trade he had carried on for above fifty years, and take to begging. 
He died at Leeds in 1768, after having completed the 114th year 
of his age. 

Fannie Cavill, of The Grange, Setterington, formerly of 
Hessle, died early in 1887, in her 102nd year. 

1616. Died John Graves, gent., of Yorkshire, aged 108, of 
whom there is an engraving by Yertue. 

• ( Nash's Worcestershire.) 

James* Bradford records the following list, and as he justly 
remarks, if ages had been entered before 1818, the list would 
have been much longer : 
" 1798, Ellen Lobley, Bradford, 109 years. 
1805, John Fawthrop, Silsbridge Lane, 100. 
1811, Major Pearson, Bradford, 104. 

( Major was not uncommon as a Christian name.) 
1817, Anthony Wrigglesworth, White Abbey, clothier, 100. 
1821, Betty Moor, Allerton, 100. 

1840, Margaret Walker, widow, Little Horton Lane, 99 yrs. 

11 months. 

1841, Mercy Drake was living in Pit Lane, Bradford, aged 

101 years. 

1854, March 5th, died Margaret Baxter, widow, George 

Street, Bradford, aged 99. 
1849, Sept. 6, died Ruth Wooler, widow, White Abbey, 

Bradford, aged 99. 
1861, Feb. 22, died Nancy Barning, of Banner Street, Brad- 
ford, aged 99. 
1859, June 17, died Michael Craighton, of Horton, Bradford, 

aged 95, had children under 12 years of age when 

he died. 
1847, May 6, died Elizabeth Myers, widow, of Low Moor, 

aged 101. 
1849, Aug. 11, died Grace Wilkinson, widow, Denholme, 

aged 99. 

1855, Oct. 15, died Susannah Stow, widow, of Denholme 

Clough, aged 99. 
1849, Feb. 4, died James Atkinson, weaver, of Shipley Moor- 
head, aged 100." 



186 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

1742. John Phillips, aged 117, of Thor&er, near Leeds. 
He was born at Carleton, near Stokesley, on the patrimonial 
property of the family, in the year 1625 9 the first year of the 
reign of Charles I. He thus saw 24 years under Charles l. t 
10 Commonwealth, 26 Charles II., 8 James II., 14 William 
and Mary, 12 Anne, 18 George L, 16 George II., making 117. 
His Bible and Copy of the Will are in the possession of John 
H. Phillips, Esq., of Scarborough, to whom we are under obliga- 
tions for a beautiful portrait of the Yorkshire Worthy, which we 
hope to have copied for our readers. He was a bachelor, the 
brother of Mr. Phillips' great-great-grandfather. The Centen- 
arian was a gentleman of considerable position in his day, and 
owned lands at Thorner, which passed from the family by the 
delinquencies of an unprincipled lawyer. The stirring events 
at Edgehill and Naseby lived in his memory, and he was in 
London at the time of the beheading of Charles I. Mr. Phillips 
was a great favourite with Cromwell, whose insubordinate 
soldiery he had placed in the stocks, for which the Protector 
praised him. He remembered Old St. Paul's which perished in 
the great conflagration. He was present at the laying of the 
foundation stone of Greenwich Hospital, and suffered loss from 
the South Sea Bubble. He joined in the rejoicings at Thorner 
when the Seven Bishops were liberated. He loved to converse, 
when past his hundredth year, on the great events that had 
happened during his life. He enjoyed uninterrupted good 
health through life, was moderate in eating and drinking, and 
at the time of his death had a summons to attend the Grand 
Jury at York Assizes, and had a new suit of clothes made for 
the occasion. His teeth were fairly sound, and his sight good, 
and he was able to walk till within a few days of his death. A 
full-length portrait ( six feet, ) of him is in the picture gallery 
at Temple Newsam, painted by Mercier in his best style, which 
was afterwards engraven, from which the photograph is taken. 
He was greatly esteemed by his neighbours, and his society 
was much sought after. There is a short memoir of him in 
Biographia Curiosa, and we shall be pleased to be favoured with 
a copy of it, if any of our readers have access to that book. 



Woman's Will in Olden Times. — The following picture to 
the life is from Deloney*s Thomas of Beading, a Romance of 
1600, in which Hodgekins, the Halifax clothier, and the Gibbet 
Law figure prominently. 

One of the great clothiers' wives said to her acquaintances,- 
" I will haue my Husband to buy me a London Gowne, or in 
faith he shall haue little quiet. So said they all. She daily lay 
at him for London apparell, to whom he said, Good Woman, 
be content, let us goe according to our Place and Ability : what 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 187 

will all the Bailiffes thinke, if I should prancke thee up like a 
Peaoocke, and thou in thy Attire surpasse their Wines. Beside 
that, it is enough to raise me yp in the Kings Booke (taxes,) for 
many times Mens Coffers are iudged by their Garments : why, 
we are Country Folks, and must keepe our semes in good 
Compasse : gray Russet, and good Hempe-spun Cloth doth best 
become vs ; I tell thee, Wife, it were as vndeoent for vs to goe 
like Londoners as it is for Londoners to goe like Courtiers. 
What a Coyle keepe you ? quoth she, are not we Gods Creatures 
as well as Londoners? and the Kings Subjects, as well as they? 
then, finding our Wealth to be as good as theirs, why should we 
not goe as gay as Londoners ? No, Husband, no, here is the 
Fault, wee are kept without it, onely because our Husbands be 
not so kind as Londoners : why, Man, a Cobler there keeps his 
Wife better then the best Clothier in this Countrey : nay, I will 
affirm it, that the London Oyster- wiues, and the very Kitchen- 
stuffe Cryers, doe exceed vs in their Sundaies Attire : nay, more 
then that, I did see the Water-bearers Wife, which belongs to 
One of our Merchants, come in with a Tankerd of Water on her 
Shoulder, and yet Half a Dozen Gold Binge on her Fingers. 

But, Wife, you must consider what London is, the chiefe and 
capitall City of all the Land, a Place on the which all Strangers 
cast their Eyes, it is (Wife) the Kings Chamber and His 
Majesties royall Seate : to that City repaires all Nations under 
Heaven. Therefore it is most meete and conuenient that the 
Citizens of such a City should not goe in their Apparrell like 
Peasants, but for the Credit of our Country, weare such seemely 
Habits as doe carry Grauity and Comelinesse in the Eyes of all 
Beholders. But if wee of the Country went so (quoth she) were 
it not as great Credit for the Land as the other ? Woman, qd. 
her Husband, it is altogether needlesse, and in diners Respects 
it maymot be. Why then, I pray you, quoth she, let us goe 
dwell at London. A Word soone spoken, said her Husband, 
but not so easie to be performed : therefore, Wife, I pray thee 
hold thy Prating, for thy Talke is foolish : Yea, yea, Husband, 
your old churlish Conditions will neuer be left, you keepe me 
here like a Drudge and a Droile, and so you may keepe your 
Money in your Purse, you care not for your Credit, but before 
I will goe so like a Shepheardesse, I will first goe naked : and 
I tell you plaine, I scorne it greatly that you should clap a gray 
Gowne on my Backe, as if I had not brought you Two-pence : 
before I was married, you swore I should haue any Thing that 
I requested, but now all is forgotten. And in saying this, she 
went in, and soone after she was so sicke, that needes she must 
goe to Bed : and when she was laid, she draue out that Night 
with many grieuous Groanes, Sighing and Sobbing, and no 
Best she could take God wot. And in the Morning when she 
should rise, the good Soule fell downe in a Swowne, which put 



186 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

her Maidens in a great Fright, who running downe to their 
Master, cryed out, Alas, alas, our Dame is dead ! our Dame is 
dead ! The Good-man hearing this ran vp in all Hast, and 
there fell to rubbing and chafing of her Temples, sending far 
aqua vita, and saying, Ah, my Sweet-heart, speake to me, Good- 
wife, alacke, alacke! call in the Neighbours, you Queanes, quoth 
he. With that she lift vp her Head, fetching a great Groane, 
and presently swouned againe, and much adoe ywis, he had to 
keepe Life in her : but when she was come to her selfe, How 
dost thou, Wife ? qd. he. What wilt thou haue ? for Gods sake 
tell me if thou hast a Mind to any Thing, thou shalt haue it- 
Away, Dissembler! (qd. she) how can I beleeue thee? thou 
hast said to me as much a hundred Times, and decerned me ; it 
is thy Churlishnesse that hath killed my Heart, neuer was 
Woman matcht to so unkind a Man. Nay, Good- wife, blame 
me not without Cause : God knoweth how heartily I loue thee. 
Loue me ? no, no, thou didst neuer carry my Loue but on the 
Tip of thy Tongue, quoth she ; I dare sweare thou desirest 
Nothing so much as my Death, and for my Part, I would to 
God thou hadst thy Desire : but be content, I shall not trouble 
thee long: and with that fetching a Sigh, she swouned and 
gaue a great Groane. The Man seeing her in this Case, was 
woundrous woe : but so soone as they had recouered her, he 
said, my deare Wife, if any bad Conceit hath ingendered this 
Sickenesse, let me know it ; or if thou knowst any Thing that 
may procure thy Health, let me vnderstand thereof, and 1 
protest thou shalt haue it, if it cost me all that ever I haue. 
Husband, quoth she, how may I credit your Words, when for 
a paltry Sute of Apparrell you denyed me ? Well, Wife, quoth 
he, thou shalt haue Apparrell or any Thing else thou wilt 
request, if God send thee once Health. O Husband, if I may 
find you so kind, I shall think my selfe the happiest Woman in 
the World, thy Words haue greatly comforted my Heart, mee 
thinketh if I had it, I could drink a good Draught of Banish 
Wine. Well, Wine was sent for : Lord, said she, that I had 
a Piece of a Chicken, I feele my Stomaoke desirous of some 
Meate. Glad am I of that, said her Husband ; and so the 
Woman within a few Dayes after that was very well. But you 
shall vnderstand, that her Husband was faine to dreBse her 
London-like, ere he could get her quiet, neither would it please 
her except the Stuffe was bought in Cheapside: for out of 
Cheapside nothing would content her, were it neuer so good: 
insomuch, that if she thought a Taylor of Cheapside made not 
her Gowne, she would sweare it were quite spoiled. And hauing 
thus wonne her Husband to her Will, when the Best of the 
Clothiers Wiues heard thereof, they would be anted in the ike 
sort too." 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 189 

Wife Sales. — The following are additional notices, see 
page 47: 

ATtnual Register, February 14, 1806 : — " A man named John 
Gorsthorpe exposed his wife for sale in the market, at Hull, 
about one o'clock; but, owing to the crowd which such an 
extraordinary occurrence had gathered together, he was obliged 
to defer the sale, and take her away. About four o'clock, how- 
ever, he again brought her out, and she was sold for 20 guineas, 
and delivered, in a halter, to a person named Houseman, who 
had lodged with them four or five years." 

Morning Post, October 10, 1807 : — " One of those disgraceful 
scenes, which have, of late, become too common, took place on 
Friday se'night at Knaresborough. Owing to some jealousy, 
or other family difference, a man brought his wife, equipped in 
the usual style, and sold her at the market cross for 6d. and a 
quid of tobacco ! " 

In the Doncaster Gazette of March 25, 1808, a sale is thus 
described: — "A fellow sold his wife, as a cow, in Sheffield 
market place a few days ago. The lady was put into the hands 
of a butcher, who held her by a halter fastened round her waist ! 
1 What do you ask for your cow?' said a bystander. ' A guinea/ 
replied the husband. 

" ' Done ! ' cried the other, and immediately led away his 
bargain. We understand that the purchaser and his 'cow' live 
very happily together. 



Local Preachers. — Sammy Senior. — Mr. Roger Storrs says 
"Old Sammy Senior" the well-known Heckmondwike local 
preacher never made an allusion to Noah but as " Mr. Noah." 
I have never heard that stated before, but I have heard a good 
many queer anecdotes about this worthy, and I have no doubt 
your readers will be able to supply many more. Sammy was a 
good sample of an almost extinct race. Possibly such parsons 
would not be tolerated in this age of superfineness, but with all 
their oddities and eccentricities they were men who did much 
good, if they did it in a primitive and rather rough fashion, and 
in the days before school boards were thought of they took the 
attention of the uneducated where polished men failed utterly. 
Sammy ever endeavoured to make the Scriptures very clear, as 
when he explained in a sermon on Jacob's ladder that a ladder 
was a "stee," and it certainly was not his fault if his hearers 
did not understand. It is said when preaching on Elijah and 
the prophets of Baal, he referred to the exclamation of Elijah, 
u Cry aloud, he is a God, Ac," " Nah this ye naw was ironical," 
he added. Then suddenly remembering that he was using a 
word some of his audience might not understand he hastened to 
say "But happen some of you don't know what ironical means; 



140 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

let me see if I can make it plain to yon. Some of you women 
when you 6end your bairns for a pound of treacle will say 
4 Nah mind an' breyk t'pot.' What you mean is 'at it isn't to 
breyk it. Nah that's ironical." This may seem to some a 
rather quaint explanation, but I question if some learned man 
had attempted to bring it home to the understandings of 
Sammy's unlettered audience if he would have succeeded half 
as well. Sammy's explanation of the meaning of " gross dark- 
ness," however, caps all I ever heard or read. " Let us see," 
Sammy is reported to have said, "if I can explain to you what 
this ' gross darkness ' means. Well, you know a gross is a 
hundred and forty four, so that this darkness was a hundred 
and forty four times darker than the common sort 1 " Perhaps 
some others of your readers may be able to tell us something 
respecting Sammy Senior. I never heard him myself but once, 
and I thought he was the oddest and most eccentric parson I 
ever saw. Nevertheless Sammy has a good record. He was a 
shining light in his day. Bookworm. 

Easter Eggs. — In the North of England, Yorkshire, and 
many other parts, & singular custom prevails in regard to these 
eggs. On Easter Monday and Tuesday, the people assemble in 
the meadows, everybody provided with plenty of hard-boiled, 
coloured Easter eggs. These they play with by tumbling them 
about on the grass — but if one, or more, should happen to get 
broken in the sport, it must be instantly eaten by the breaker, 
possibly as a punishment for his, or her, apparent clumsiness. 
These eggs are generally known by the name of pace, i.e. pasche, 
or pax, meaning Easter, but why the Raper* Dancers' Drama 
is named the Peace Egg, I cannot state. At Whitby and 
throughout Cleveland, on Easter Monday, (April 11th, 1887), 
the children had these eggs, with shells dyed in the brightest 
colours, whilst the confectioners exposed artificial eggs, of 
choicest workmanship, for sale to those with a 'sweet tooth' 
who preferred sugar to real eggs. 

Cubious Tradition.— A tradition has been handed down at 
Soothill, near Dewsbury, to the effect that the master of an 
iron-foundry a long time back, in a fit of passion, threw a boy 
into one of his furnaces. In our time if such a deed had been 
committed the perpetrator would probably have soon made the 
acquaintance of the hangman. The Soothill tradition, how- 
ever, says that the sentence upon the passionate ironfounder 
was that he should raise the church a yard all round, and 
provide a bell for the steeple. The old church, says a writer in 
1820, bore the marks of this addition. Can any reader furnish 
further particulars respecting this strange story ? Letbubh. 

* Rapier or Sword Dancers. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 141 

Elnmus on forksljir* $lnzt fiamtz. 

The following doggerel verses, taken from a rhyming 
geography, written by the Rev. Alex. Mackay, LL.D., may be 
worth preserving. The lines may serve to call to mind some 
more ancient bits of topographical rhyme — many such verses 
have been handed down from remote times — which might be 
worth recording : 

Next, Yorkshire comes, our largest shire, 

Between the Tees and Humber, 

For mines and manufactures fam'd 

And Ridings three in number. 

The West is noted for broadcloth, 

For silk and cotton mills ; 
The North a grazing country is ; 

The East a land of hills. 

The capital is York, on Ouse, 

A great archbishop's see, 
And famous for its Minster grand : 

Here meet the Sidings three. 

For races Doneaster is known, 

At Sheffield knives are made ; 
Leeds, Halifax, and Bradford too, 

Are fam'd for woollen trade ; 

With Hull and Whitby, seaport towns, — 

The first of greater name, — 
And Scarboro' and Harrogate 

Of mineral water fame. Sempronius. 

Havebah Pabx. — When John of Gaunt was lord of the forest 
of Enaresborough, a cripple, borne on crutches, of the name of 
Haverah, petitioned' the kind-hearted Prince to give him a 
piece of land, from which he might contrive to obtain a sub- 
sistence, who at once granted his request in the following 
charter-like terms — 

I, John o'Gaunt, 
Do give and do grant 

To thee Haverah, 
As much of my ground 
As thou canst hop round 
On a long summer day. 

The stout-hearted cripple selected the longest day in the year 

iSt. Barnabas) for his exploit, commencing with sunrise, and 
teeping hopping all day until evening, when just as the sun 
was setting he had completed the circuit of the park within 
such a short distance, that he threw his crutches over the 
intervening space, to the point where he had started, and by so 
doing gained the loud which ever since has borne his name. [?] 






142 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Here is another verse relating to a place called Bacnp, south 
east of Cleckheaton, which must have had its origin in the 
trade carried on by the parties named : — 

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, 
Lived in a house aboon Bacup ; 
Abraham [wan] carded, and Isaac span, 
And Jacob fetched oil in an old tin can. 

Bonny lass, bonny lass, bonny art thou, 
I wouldn't part with my lass for a fat cow, 
Nor for a fat bull, 
Nor all the ships on the sea sailing to Hull. 



If York and fair London were mine, little Nanny my heiress 

should be, 
To York and fair London and fair Coventry, 
With a castle by the Calder side and fair Dewsbury. 

One which has come down to us through the hardy Saxon, 
from the time of the invasion of England by the so-called 
William the Conqueror, is as follows : — 

William de Conigsby 

Came out of Brittany, 

With his wife Tiffany, 

And his maid Manfras, 

And his dogge Hardigrasse : 

I wish they were back again. 

Hartshead near Dewsbury, has three unmelodious bells : 
Hartchit cum Clifton, 
Two cracked bells an' a snipt un. 

" There was an old woman at Baildon, 
Whose door had a horse-shoe nail'd on, 

Because one night 

They'd such a fright 
With a boggart that was a horned and a tail'd 'un.*' 

This rhyme was noted at Baildon, near Bradford. It is com- 
mon to nail a horse-shoe behind the door, so that the inmates 
may not be bewitched. Respecting this subject, we may add 
one or two folk lore notes : — There is a great belief in the anti- 
witching propensity of mountain ash, or, as it is more commonly 
called, " wicken " or " wiggen-tree," or " sip-sap." If a person 
be ill, it is placed over his bed to scare away the witches, and 
the superstitious farmer will often place a small quantity over 
the heads of his cattle. The weaver would place it over her 
loom to prevent her web or chain suffering from the witches' 
influence. H. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 148 

The following is a well-known Cleveland couplet :— 
" When Roseberry Topping wears a cappe, 
Let Cleveland then beware of a clap." 
Roseberry Topping is a lofty conical-shaped hill, in the North 
Riding of Yorkshire. The "clap" alluded to is, in plain 
language, a thunderstorm. This old proverb is noticed by 
Camden two hundred years ago. He observes that " When its 
top begins to be darkened with clouds, rain generally follows ;" 
hence the ancient distich. 

Paul is a small place a few miles from Hull. The church is 
situated on a commanding eminence, and standing by itself, 
nearly a quarter of a mile from the village, gave rise to the 
following : — 

" High Paul and low, and Paul Holme, 
There never was a fair maid married at Paul town." 

In the " Popular Rhymes of Scotland " (published 1870) it is 
recorded, " A native of Edinburgh, who in 1825 was seventy- 
two years of age, stated that when he was a boy the following 
prophetic rhyme, ascribed to True Thomas, was in vogue : — 
" York was, London is, and Edinburgh will be 
The biggest o' tae three." 
In his early day, Edinburgh consisted only of what is now 
called the Old Town; and the New Town though projected, was 
not then expected to ever reach the extent and splendour which 
it has now attained. It is to be remarked, however, that there 
is a similar rhyme popular in England. Stukely, in his 
"Itinerarium Curiosum," after expatiating upon the original 
size and population of Lincoln, quotes as an old adage : — 
" Lincoln teas, London is, and York shall be 
The fairest city of the three." 
As to True Thomas, we are told " the common people through- 
out the whole of Scotland look with such veneration to a seer 
of old times, whom they variously designate * True Thomas,' 
and ' Thomas the Rhymer.' " They preserve a great number 
of prophetic sayings of this person, chiefly expressed in rhyme; 
and invariable tradition at Earltown represents as the prophet 
True Thomas. If such be the case, he must have deceased at 
the same period, not long prior to 1299. The people of Earls- 
town farther represent his real name as Thomas Learmont. 
They point to a ruined tower near the village, which they say 
was his property and residence, and to a spot in the parish 
churchyard with which his connection is denoted by an inscrip- 
tion on the church wall : — 

" Auld Rhymer's race 
Lies in this place." 

William Andrews, Hull. 



v 

144 Y0BK8HIRE FOLK-LOBE. 

From a well-constructed paper read to the Folk-lore Society 
I extract the following, believing that they will interest many 
of your readers: — Yorkshire generally. — "Looks as vild (worth- 
less) as a pair of Yorkshire sleeves in a goldsmith's shop." — 
Notes and Queries, vii., 284. 

"A Dent for a Galloway (This word should not, I think, be 
written with a capital ; galloway— pony or hackney) a Hind for 
an Ass." — Ibid. 

Barnsley. — " The town, from its exposed situation, was form- 
erly known as ' Bleak Barnsley/ an epithet now changed to 
* Black Barnsley/ from its smoke-stained houses and narrow 
dirty streets. — Murray's Handbook for Yorkshire, p. 605. 

Barnsley. — The people are called " Barnsley Folks."— J* 
BairnslaFoak's Annual is a well-known contribution to literature. 

Beverley.— "On the 29th April, 1520, part of the church of 
St. Mary's, Beverley, fell, and fifty-five persons were killed. 
Sir Richard Bokeby, knight, and Dame Jane, his wife, gave 
2001 towards its reparation, for which they were to be specially 
prayed for. Ralph Rokeby says : — • I have heard that a bear- 
baiting and a mass being both at one time in Beverley, there 
was near a thousand people at the bear-baiting, and only five- 
and-fifty at mass, who were all slain, and ever since, they say 
there It is better to be at the baiting of a bear than the singing of a 
mass. 1 " — W. H. Longstaffe's Richmondshire, pp. 125-6. 
Bowes. — 

" When Julius Ccesar was a king, 
Bowes Castle was a famous thing." 

Murray's Handbook, p. 868 ; Richmondshire, p. 189. 

Cotherston. — " On the south side of the road near Doe Park 
(Ledger Hall) stands the pedestal or socket of a cross on which, 
as on many similar remains, coffins were rested. It is in 
addition reported that here it was where they christened calves. 
Some hot-headed fanatics of the seventeenth century did per- 
form such a profane rite in contempt of baptism, and Cother- 
ston is pointed out as one locale of its enactment, * Cotherston, 
where they christen calves, hopple lops, and kneeband spiders/" 
— Richmondshire, p. 188. 

Doncaster. — " The profits of the town mills near the bridge 
over the Don were anciently assigned for the special expenses 
of the Mayor, hence the old saying : — 

1 The Doncaster mayor he sits in his chair, 
His mills they merrily go, 
His nose doth shine with drinking wine, 
And the gout is in his great toe/ " 

Murray's Handbook, p. 8. 

Chilling (near Richmond.) — " Gilling is commemorated in a 
weather rhyme : — 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 145 

4 When Gilling brews, 
Durham rues.' " 

Richmondshire, p. 120. 
Gorndre, — 

" When Gormire riggs shall be covered with hay, 
The white mare of Whitestone Cliffe shall bear it away." 

Ibid, p. 240. 
This white mare was a beast more or less mythical, which 
sprang over a cliff with a young lady rider, whose body was 
never found. 

Kirby. — "Kirby parsoned. — 'In several rural places about 
York it is the oustom to speak of bottles with cavities at the 
bottom as being Kirby parsoned. The popular explanation is 
that this Kirby parson was " a hollow-bottomed fellow," but 
the phrase will admit of a kindlier construction. With the 
parish, which must hold some tradition of a remarkable 
character, we have no acquaintance. 1 The above was a com- 
munication to JSoUs and Queries some years ago. The writer 
has since heard several other versions of the story, and 
attempted explanations of the above phrase in connection with 
a village in the North Riding, but none of them are worth 
repeating." — Glossary of Words pertaining to the Dialect of Mid- 
Yorkshire.— (E.D.S.) By C. Clough Bobinson. 

Lartington. — The enumeration of some local sayings about 
Barnard Castle (co. Durham) and its people ends with " Lar- 
tbgton's frogs and Barney Castle's butcher dogs " point (sic) to 
something like cowardly conduct in triumphing over the weak. 
-Ibid, p. 188. 

Leeds. — I have been told that " Leeds Loiners," i.e., Laners, 
" dwellers in lanes," is the style and title of its inhabitants 
amongst outsiders. 
SHpton. — " The old rhyme hardly now applies : — 
' Skipton in Craven 
'Tis never a haven, 
But many a day foul weather/ " 

Murray's Handbook, p. 410. 
Toitton. — " The Lancastrian Lord Dacre was shot, says tradi- 
tion, in a field called the * Nor (north) Acres,' by a boy out of a 
'bur-tree ' (elder tree). Hence the local rhyme : — 
< The Lord of Dacres 
Was slain at the North Acres.' " 
—Ibid., p. 518 ; H alii well's Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales, 
p. 200. 

Wakefield. — "Wakefield chap," is I believe, the usual epithet 
for its people. 
York. — " The Mayor is a lord for a year and a day, 
But his wife is a lady for ever and aye." 

Notes and Queries, second series, viii. 896. 
r. f-l. x 



146 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

Verstegan says, " The name or title of Lady, our honourable 
appellation generally for all principal women, extended so farre 
as that it not only mounteth up from the wife of the Knight to 
the wife of a King, but remaineth to some whose husbands are 
no Knights, such as having been Lord Mayors are afterwards 
only called masters, as, namely, the Aldermen of York."— 
Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, p. 817. This is no longer 
" The use of York." 

York and Sutton. — A proverbial simile, " As much as York 
excels foul Sutton." — Bonn's Handbook of Proveibs, p. 191. 

There is a variant in the prediction : — 

14 Lincoln was, London is, and York shall be 
The fairest city of the three." 
(quoted) Folk-lore Record, i., 160, which says, " the greatest city." 

Murray's Handbook, p. 28. 

Yorkshireman. — " A Yorkshireman will bite after he is dead." 
Heard by Mr. Edward Hailstone, F.S.A., September, 1879. 

Hobnsba Chxjech. — Its low square tower once bore a tall 
spire, on which, it is said, the builder had cut the inscription : 
" Hornsea steeple, when I built thee, 
Thou wast ten miles off Burlington, 
Ten miles off Beverley, 
And ten miles off sea." 



ftobiti Hood tit Dorksljir*. 

Watson, the Halifax Historian, a century ago, stated that 
all unaccountable stones and events were placed to the credit 
of Robin Hood in the North, where King Arthur would get 
the credit in the South of England. So it is that Robin Hood's 
arrows, undressed stone pillars, are found in several places in 
Yorkshire. The Devil, however, is a strong claimant with 
bold Robin for the authorship of these freaks. Mr. Hunter, 
no mean authority, gives Robin Hood a decided personal, 
not a mythical existence; and we are disposed to regard 
him as our personal friend Robin o' th' wood, leaving the 
works of Bit son, Gutch (1847, 2 vols.), Halliwell (ArchieoL 
Assoc. Journal, vol. 8), Hunter's pamphlet, Fordun's Sooti* 
ohronioon, (14th century), Mr. Wright, and others, for later 
consideration. We purpose to visit Robin Hood's Well in 
Barnsdale, Fountain's Abbey, Robin Hood's Bay, and other 
Yorkshire haunts in the hero's oompany, and to see him peace- 
folly and actually laid in the sylvan retreats of Kirklees, near 
Brighouse. I have just returned from the picturesque fishing 
village at Robin Hood'B Bay, and heard the story of the two 
upright stones at Hawsker which marked the spots where the 
arrows of Robin Hood and Little John fell, when to please the 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 147 

monks of Whitby, they shot from the old Church tower on the 
East Cliff. I have spent a day at Danby this Easter, where 
Robin Hood's Butts (tumuli) are shown, and three houses on 
Danby Moor are also so named. He must have trod the very 
ground, or people were foolish to start such tales. 

Here begins the story of " Robin Hood turned Fisherman : — 

In summer time, when the leaves were green, and the flowers 
sweet and gay, when the lily appeared with the primrose and 
cowslip-buds, Robin Hood grew weary of the forest and woods, 
and left off to chase the fat deer. 

"I will hasten to Scarborough now," said he, " and become 
a fisherman, for a fisherman's trade is good, and their harvest 
is in the sea." 

And when Robin came to Scarborough, he took up his inn at 
a widow's house, not far from the wide ocean. 

" Tell me, my bold young fellow," said the widow, " where 
thou wast born, and what is thy means of support." 

"I am a poor fisherman," he replied, " and want to be em- 
ployed." 

" Then what is thy name," asked she. 

"In mine own country," said Robin, "I am called Simon 
Wise." 

" Simon Wise, Simon Wise," said the good dame, "I am 
afraid thou hast got an unfit name, that may make thee the 
jest of thy fellows; however Simon, if thou wilt serve me, I 
will give thee good wages, for I have as good a ship of my own 
as any that sails in the sea." 

So Robin consented to serve this good widow, and went by 
the name of poor Simon. After a time the ship went to sea, 
and they sailed along for several days in hopes to take plenty 
of fish, but when others oast their baited hooks into the sea, 
Simon only cast in his bare lines. 

"It will be a long while," said the master, " ere this lubber 
will learn to thrive upon the sea. Let him do as he will, he 
shall have none of our fish, for in truth he is worthy of none." 

" What a hard fate is mine," said poor Simon, " since I set 
up for a fisherman before I had learnt my trade ; now every 
clownish fisherman laughs me to scorn, but if I had them in 
Sherwood groves, and was chasing the fat fallow deer, I would 
set as little by them as they do now by me." 

Away they sailed, and steered their course towards home, 
but the next day they espied a French ship of war, that sailed 
vigorously after them. 

"0 we are now lost," said the master, " unhappy the day 
that I was born, for our ship and our cargo will be taken from 
us, and these Frenohmen will carry us to the coast of France, 
and lay us fast in prison." 



148 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

But Simon said, " Fear them not, master, only give me my 
bow in my hand, and never a Frenchman shall live to board us." 

"Hold thy peace, thou great lubber," said the master, "for 
thou art nothing but brags and boasts, and if I should throw 
thee into the sea, there would only be a piece of lumber lost." 

Simon was grievously vexed at these words, and taking his 
bow, he went towards the ship's hatch. 

" Master, tie me to the mast," cried he, " and let me stand 
fair at the mark, then give me my bow in my hand, and if I 
spare a single Frenchman may they shoot their arrows through 
my breast." 

Then Simon drew his arrow to the head, and shot with such 
boldness and skill, that, in the twinkling of an eye, he pierced 
the first Frenchman's heart. 

He took such good aim, and shot so hastily that not a 
Frenchman could be seen, for they all fell down dead through 
the hatches below. 

" Now, master, untie me from the mast," cried he, " that I 
may go and board the French ship." 

And when they came thither, they found all their enemies 
slain, and discovered on board, twelve thousand pounds in 
glittering gold. 

Then said Simon, " One half of the ship I will give to our 
good mistress and her three little ohildren, and the other half 
I will divide among you, who are my comrades, to make yon 
think well of poor Simon." 

" Not so," said the master, "for that would be a shame, if we 
should receive that which you have won so gallantly ; 'tis all 
your own right, and you shall have the whole." 

"If so," answered Simon, "with this glittering gold I will 
buy an habitation for the oppressed, where they may live in 
peace and rest." 

Poor simple Simon though despis'd, 
Soon made his skill and valour pris'd, 

And prov'd bold Eobin Hood ; 
The Frenchman's gold when he possessed, 
He rais'd a dwelling for th' oppress'd, 

And made his promise good. 



The Noble Fisherman, or Robin Hood's Preferment. 
Black letter copies in the British Museum, Ac. 

In summer time, when leaves grow green, 
When they doe grow both green and long, — 

Of a bold outlaw, call'd Robin Hood, 
It is of him I sing this song. 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 149 

When the lily leafe, and the elephant,* 
Doth bud and spring with a merry cheere, 

This outlaw was weary of the wood side, 
And chasing of the fallow deere. 

The fishermen brave, more mony have 

Than any merchants two or three ; 
Therefore I will to Scarborough go, 

That I a fisherman brave may be. 

This outlaw called his merry men all, 
As they sat them under the green-wood tree : 

If any of you have gold to spend, 
I pray you heartily spend it with me. 

Now, quoth Kobin Hood, He to Scarborough go, 

It seems to be a very faire day. 
He took up his inn at a widdow woman's house, 

Hard by upon the water gray, 

Who asked of him, where wert thou born ? 

Or tell to me where dost thou fare ? 
I am a poor fisherman, 6aid he then, 

This day entrapped all in care. 

What is thy name, thou fine fellow, 

I pray thee heartily tell it to mee ? 
In my own country, where I was born, 

Men call me Simon over the Lee. 

Simon, Simon, said the good wife, 
I wish thou mayest well brook thy name. 

The out-law was aware of her courtesie, 
And rejoyced he had got such a dame. 

Simon, wilt thou be my man ? 

And good round wages He give thee ; 
I have as good a ship of my own, 

As any sails upon the sea. 

Anchors and planks thou shalt not want, 

Masts and ropes that are so long. 
And if you thus do furnish me, 

Said Simon nothing shall goe wrong. 

They pluckt up anchor, and away did sayle, 

More of a day then two or three :t 
When others cast in their baited hooks, 

The bare lines into the 6ea cast he. 

* de-plant. 

t Then is still the common pronunciation of. than. The reference to 
Hompton Park, near Knaresborongh, the yerb " ligge," Ac, indicate a York- 
shire author for this ballad.— Ed. 



150 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

It will be long, said the master then, 

Ere this great lubber do thrive on the sea ; 

I'll assure you he shall have no part of our fish, 
For in truth he is no part worthy, 

woe is me 1 said Simon then, 
This day that ever I came here 1 

1 wish I were in Plompton park, 
In chasing of the fallow deere. 

For every clown laughs me to scorne, 
And they by me set nought at all ; 

If I had them in Plompton park, 
I would set as little by them all. 

They pluckt up anchor, and away did sayle, 
More of a day then two or three, 

But Simon spied a ship of warre,* 
That sayled towards them most valorously. 

woe is me ! said the master then, 
This day that ever I was born ! 

For all our fish we have got to-day, 
Is every bit lost and forlorn. 

For your French robbers on the sea, 
They will not 6pare of us one man, 

But carry us to the coast of France, 
And ligge [lay] us in the prison strong. 

But Simon said, doe not feare them, 
Neither, master, take you no care : 

Give me my bent bow in my hand, 
And never a Frenchman will I spare. 

Hold thy peace, thou long* lubber, 
For thou art nought but brag and boast ; 

If I should cast thee over-board, 
There's but a simple lubber lost. 

Simon grew angry at these words, 

And so angry then was he, 
That he took his bent bow in his hand, 

And in the ship hatch goe doth he. 

Master, tye me to the mast, saith he, 
That at my mark I may stand fair, 

And give me my bent bow in my hand, 
And never a Frenchman will I spare. 

He drew his arrow to the very head, 
And drew it with all might and maine, 

And straightway, in the twinkling of an eye, 
To the Frenchman's heart the arrow's gane. 

' r Tiand~ 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 151 

The Frenchman fell down on the ship hatch, 

And under the hatches « there ' below ; 
Another Frenchman, that him espied, 

The dead corpse into the sea doth throw. 

master, loose me from the mast, he said, 

And for them all take you no care ; 
For give me my bent bow in my hand, 

And never a Frenchman will I spare. 

Then straight they boarded the French ship, 

They lyeing all dead in their sight ; 
They found within that ship of war, 

Twelve thousand pound of mony bright. 

The one halfe of the ship, said Simon then, 
I'll give to my dame and her children small ; 

The other halfe of the ship I'll bestow 
On you that are my fellows all. 

But now bespake the master then, 

For so, Simon, it shall not be, 
For you have won it with your own hand, 

And the owner of it you shall be. 

It shall be so as I have said, 

And, with this gold, for the opprest 
An habitation I will build, 

Where they shall live in peace and rest. 



®b* Iftsfro: %ab of tSEbitljs- 

My lover was a fisher lad, and when he came ashore 

He always steer'd straight home to me, to greet me at the door, 

For well he knew that I loved him, as any one could see, 

And few can judge how fain was I, when he came courting me. 

It was a lovely, genial morn, in th' early part of May, 

He took me in his little boat to sail upon the bay ; 

He told me of his ardent love, as he sat by my side, 

And said that ere a month had flown, he'd take me for his bride. 

A Man-of-War that afternoon swooped down upon the bay, 
The cruel Press-gang came and took my fisher lad away ; 
Strong chains upon his hands they placed, and irons on his feet, 
They carried him abroad that day to fight among the fleet. 

My father often talks about the perils of the Main, 
My mother often says she hopes he will come back again, 
Alas I I know he never will, for in my dreams I see 
His body lying low beneath the surging of the sea. 



152 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

I watch the ships come sailing in, I watch them sail away, 
I hear the sailors' merry songs resound across the bay ; 
For me ; my heart is breaking, and I only wish to be 
A-lying with my lover low, deep down in yonder sea. 

When all the house is dark and still, and every one asleep, 
I sit for hours npon my bed and bitterly I weep, 
And think of my dear fisher lad, away down in the sea, 
Who never, never, never more, will come again to me. 

Shipley, April 12th, 1887. H. 



<&n some of out Cngltsfr Itumrg fUjgnus: 

Their origin and meaning. A paper read before the Leeds 
& District Teachers' Association, by Alfonzo Gardiner, Head 
Master of the Little Holbeck Board Schools, Leeds, October 
28rd, 1886. 

" I am afraid the magnitude of this subject has almost over- 
whelmed me. To take only a very small number of our popular 
nursery rhymes and trace their origin and meaning, entering 
fully into the circumstances which brought them into being, 
and which have caused them to be passed on from father to son, 
with scarcely the variation of a word, and with no variation in 
meaning, through hundreds of years, in many cases, would be 
the task of a life-time. 

The study of these popular sayings is but a sub-section of 
that immense department of antiquities or archaeology called 
folk-lore — a word invented by the late Mr. Thorns— which is used 
to designate all that which relates to ancient observances and 
customs, and to those ideas, prejudices, superstitions, legends 
and sayings, which are the common property of English people 
—especially among the lower orders, but to a less extent, and 
in varying degrees, permeating all society. In illustrating 
particular periods of history, folk-lore is sometimes a most 
valuable adjunct. Many of our nursery rhymes have a strictly 
historical origin (as I hope to show more fully in a few 
moments,) and well illustrate the popular feeling of the day. 
But it is to be observed that whilst folk-lore has now for some 
years been engaging the attention of literary men, and has 
been put beyond the risk of oblivion by appearing in books, it 
is everywhere declining among the people themselves. Any 
careful student of children's literature — I mean original litera- 
ture, such as is found in «• Little Folks," " St. Nicholas," "The 
Infant's Magazine," and a number of other excellent periodicals 
for the nursery and the school-room — will be struck by two 
great facts. (1) That pithy sayings, funny stories, and side- 
splitting verses are produced in great abundance, many of them 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LOBE. 158 

showing high literary skill and ability, but that (2) very few of 
them become popular— i.e. the common property of the whole 
people, except to a very limited extent. I cannot myself call 
to mind a single instance of any of these marvellous produc- 
tions, born within the last 50 years, obtaining and retaining a 
permanent footing either amongst old or young. The reason 
of this is not perhaps far to seek. Our habits and customs 
change as do the fashions of our dress, and the same causes 
which have produced a decline in folk-lore in one direction pre- 
vent its growth in another one. Printing and the multiplication 
of books has not been an unmixed good. It is somewhat foreign 
to our subject to trace the causes which have altered the habits 
of our forefathers, who without books handed down from sire to 
son, the popular sayings, legends, and rhymes, which are now 
considered only suitable for the nursery, but we may point out 
one or two circumstances which have conduced to this effect. 
The diffusion of scientific ideas ; the gradual enlightenment of 
the common mind (which has banished fairies, witches, and all 
the host of supernatural beings to the realms of fancy), the 
disfavour of the clergy for everything connected with the super- 
natural, except Religion itself, and the great industrial changes 
and improvements of the last half century, including a greatly 
increased shifting of the people from one district to another, 
have all given a death blow to vulgar errors and rustic sayings. 
Equally interesting would it be to trace a few of our popular 
rhymes, legends and sayings from their original home in India, 
Egypt, and Scandinavia, through all civilised Europe, and to 
show that the same story, often with only slight modifications, 
is the common property of the Negro and the Kaffir, the low 
caste Hindoo of the Panjab and the Bed Indian of North 
America, the Samoyed of the icy Tundras of Siberia and the 
cannibal Fijian. But this entrancing and alluring branch of 
the subject is also foreign to our purpose to-day. 

We will first glance at a few historical rhymes, and commence 
with what is undoubtedly* the oldest of all our children's tales," 

Old Kino Cole. 
" Old King Cole 
Was a merry old soul, 
And a merry old soul was he, 
lie called for his pipe, 
And he called for his bowl, 
And he called for his fiddlers* three. 
Every fiddler, he had a fine fiddle, 
And a very fine fiddle had he ; 
Twee tweedle dee, tweedle dee, 
went the fiddlers. 

* ?, especially if pipe does not mean a musical instrument. 



154 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

Oh, there's none so rare 
As can oompare 

With King Cole and his fiddlers three." 
" The venerable king would find few subjects here to-day to 
acknowledge his monarchy of mirth, and this legend is a satire 
on one of the most mythical kings of Britain, who reigned (if 
he did reign,) in the third century after Christ. He appears to 
have been a brave and popular man in his day. According to 
Robert of Gloucester (who flourished in the reign of Ed. I.) he 
was the father of the celebrated St. Helena, a York worthy, the 
mother of Constantino the Great, who, at the age of 80, is said 
to have assisted at the discovery of the holy cross. 

There are several popular ballads about King Arthur (who is 
said to have died at Glastonbury in the year 542 from wounds 
reoeived at the fatal battle of Camlan,) but they have scarcely 
become such a part of our children's literature as to be included 
amongst Nursery Rhymes. 

The famous outlaw Robin Hood occupies however a large 
space in our popular literature, but probably the following is 
the only rhyme which has filtered down until it has become the 
common property of our children." 

" Robin Hood, Robin Hood, 
Is in the mickle wood ! 
Little John, Little John, 
He to the town is gone. 
Robin Hood, Robin Hood, 
Is telling his beads,* 
All in the green wood, 
Among the green weeds. 
Little John, Little John, 
If he comes no more, 
Robin Hood, Robin Hood, 
He shall fret full sore ! " 

" Of R. H's. actual existence little or no evidence can be 
discovered. Various periods, ranging from the time of Rd. II. 
to near the end of Ed. I.'s. reign, have been assigned as the 
age in which he lived. He is usually described as a yeoman, 
and his chief residence is said to have been the forest of 
Sherwood, in Notts and South Yorks. He is also to us, in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, a local celebrity, as his burial place, 
marked by an old tomb- stone, is still shown at Eirklees Hall, 
about 8 miles from Huddersfield. According to the most 
authentic version of the inscription, which was formerly on this 
tomb-stone, he died in 1247. Whether or not his existence is 
only legendary, all the popular tales, stories, and rhymes, extol 
his personal courage, his generosity, his humanity, and his skill 

* Saying his prayers. 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 155 

in archery. He is first mentioned by the Scottish historian 
Fordun, (who died in 1886, just 500 years ago). He was an 
immense favourite with the common people, for, says Fordun, 
" he suffered no woman to be oppressed, violated or molested : 
poor men's goods he spared, abundantly relieving them with 
that which by theft he got from Abbeys and the houses of rich 
Earles." According to one tradition, R. H. and his follower, 
Little John, were two heroes defeated, with Simon de Montfort, 
at the battle of Evesham, in 1265. His chaplain Friar Tuck, 
and his paramour, Maid Marian, are also immortalised in 
numberless rhymes and ballads. * 

Another oft repeated rhyme is the following, which probably 
refers to the visit of Joanna of Castile to the court of Henry VIL 
in the year 1506." 

" I had a little nut-tree, nothing would it bear 
" But a silver nutmeg and a golden pear ; 
" The King of Spain's daughter came to visit me 
" And all was because of my little nut-tree. 
" I skipped over water, I danced over sea, 
" And all the birds in the air couldn't catch me." 
"The satire is very fine, and is another exemplification of the 
proverb, " There is nothing new under the sun." As Joanna's 
visit was apparently for what she could get from rich England, 
so, according to radical prints, do German princes, and other 
foreigners, come here, not for the " silver nutmegs and golden 
pears," but for the tax-payer's sovereigns through the hands of 
our lovely princesses. 

The reign of good Queen Bess furnishes several popular 
rhymes of which the following is the best known." 
" Good Queen Bess was a glorious dame, 
When bonny King Jemmy from Scotland came ; 
We'll pepper their bodies, 
Their peaceable noddies, 
And give them a crack of the crown." 
"Here the hatred between the English and Scotch shows itself 
very strongly. We now come to a less known rhyme, but one 
which has had in its origin a most important effect upon our 
national life." 

" Ho I Master Teague, what is your story ? 
I went to the wood and killed a Tory ; 

* At Castleton in Cleveland the Editor saw a public-house sign, Easter, 
1887, with the following inscription under a rude painting of Hohin Hood and 
little John, armed with long bows : 

" Blind gentleman and yeoman good, 
Come take a glass with Robin Hood ; 
If Robin Hood be not at home, 
Then take a glasB with Little John." 

John licensed retailer, Ac. 

A similar sign exists at Brighonse, near which is Robin Hood's Mill. 



156 YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 

I went to the wood and killed another 
Was it the same, or was it his brother ? 
I hunted him in, and I hunted him out, 
Three times through the bog about and about ; 
When out of a bush I saw his head, 
So I fired my gun, and shot him dead." 
11 Not very pleasant this for Mr.' Tory, but probably Mr. Tory 
might now retaliate and sing : " 

" What is your story, oh ! Mr. Teague ? 
I went to the wood and killed a whig." 
&c, Ac. 
" The word Tory, says De Foe, is the Irish toruigh, and was 
used in the reign of Queen Elizabeth to signify a band of Irish 
Bobbers, from the verb toruighim, to make sudden raids. 
Orolius says " whatever inhabits mountains and forests is a 
Tory." According to Lord Macaulay it was first used in a 
political sense in 1680. He says, " The name Tory, was first 
given to those who refused to concur in excluding James from 
the throne," and he further explains that " The bogs of Ireland 
afforded a refuge to popish outlaws, called Torys," and Tory 
hunting was long a favourite pastime." 

[It may be mentioned incidentally that there are other 
derivations of the word tory.* One is from the Celtic taobh-righ, 
i.e. the " King's party ; " or from tuath-righ, i.e. " partisans of 
the King." Another derivation is from tar-a n, " Come King" 
and still another suggestion is the highwayman's demand torn, 
toree, " Give ! your money or your life I " Well may we say 
" See from what small beginnings do great causes spring."] 

Another popular rhyme explains itself — 
" Please to remember, 
The Fifth of November, 
Gunpowder treason and plot ; 
I know no reason 
Why gunpowder treason 
Should ever be forgot." 
"The unworthy favourite of James I., Geo. Villiers, Duke of 
Buckingham is satirised in the following lines. They were 
written in 1626. It will be remembered that B. was assassin- 
ated at Portsmouth by Felton, a lieutenant, in 1628." 
" There was a monkey climbed up a tree, 
When he fell down, then down fell he, 
There was a crow sat on a stone 
When he was gone, then there was none. 
There was an old wife did eat an apple, 
When she had eat two, she had eat a couple. 

•See Oliver Heywood's Dairies,— Tory, in index. Ed. by J. Horefall Tnxotf* 



YORKSHIRE FOLK-LORE. 157 

There was a horse going to the mill, 
When he went on he stood not still. 
There was a butcher cut his thumb, 
When it did bleed, then blood did come. 
There was a cobbler clouting shoon, 
When they were mended, they were done. 
There was a chandler making candle, 
When he them stripped, he did them handle. 
There was a navy went into Spain, 
When it returned, it came again." 
" In a popular riddle of the 17th century the allusion to 
Oliver Cromwell explains itself. It runs thus — " 
" Purple, yellow, red and green, 
The King cannot reach it nor the Queen, 
Nor can old Noll whose power's so great : 
Tell me this riddle while I count eight." 
" The answer is "a rainbow." I may bring this division of my 
subject, viz. strictly historical rhymes, to a conclusion by 
referring to the famous song of the Lion and Unicobn — " 
" The lion and the unicorn 
Were fighting for the crown ; 
The lion beat the unicorn 
All round about the town, 
Some gave them white bread, 
Some gave them brown ; 
Some gave them plum cake, 
And sent them out of town." 
"The animosity still existing between England and Scotland 
is well represented in these few lines. Ever since 1608 the 
royal arms have been supported by the English lion and the 
Scotch unicorn, James I. substituting this mythical animal for 
the red dragon of Wales, introduced by Henry VH." 

[It is interesting to note the various supporters used by our 
sovereigns. Ed. III. (with whom supporters began) had a lion 
and an eagle ; Ey. IV. an antelope and a swan ; Hy. V. a liQn 
and an antelope ; Ed. IV. a lion and a bull ; Bd. III. a lion 
and a boar ; Hy. VII. a lion and a red dragon ; Eliz., Mary, 
and Henry Yin. a lion and a greyhound.] 

"Amongst miscellaneous rhymes the number of popular ones 
ia exceedingly numerous, and a selection of a few amongst 
those best known is all I shall have time for. Taking them 
almost at random the first that occurs to me is the famous 

Taffy was a Welshman." 

" Taffy was a Welshman, Taffy was a thief; 
Taffy came to my house and stole a piece of beef; 
I went to Taffy's house, Taffy was not at home ; 
Taffy came to my house and stole a marrow bone. 



158 YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 

I went to Taffy's house, Taffy was not in ; 
Taffy came to my house and stole a silver pin ; 
I went to Taffy's house, Taffy was in bed, 
I took up a poker and flung it at his head." 
" Taffy of course is a corruption of David, one of the most 
common of Welsh names, familiarly, David becomes Davy, 
and in Welsh Taffid, and then our Taffy. Properly this rhyme 
has a historical origin, and graphically describes the raids of 
the English and the Welsh on the borders of the two countries 
with national pride giving our own countrymen the advantage. 
Again, history, and the social condition of the people as 
affected by religious influences, enables us to give the origin 
and meaning of the famous Little Jack Hornbb. " 
" Little Jack Horner sat in a corner, 
Eating a Christmas pie ; 
He put in his thumb, and he pulled out a plum, 
And said * What a good boy am I ! ' " 
"The rhyme of Jack Horner has been stated to be a satire on 
the Puritanical aversion to Christmas pies and such like abom- 
inations. It forms part of a metrical chap-book history, founded 
on the same story as the Friar and the Boy, entitled "The 
pleasant history of Jack Horner, containing his witty tricks 
and pleasant pranks, which he played from his youth to his 
riper years: right pleasant and delightful for winter and 
summer's recreation;" embellished with frightful woodcuts, 
which have not much connection with the tale. Another ex- 
planation goes back to the dissolution of the monasteries, and 
gives S. W. England as the scene. 

Little Jack Horner is often spoken of as a sample of a shrewd 
fellow, how different from Tom, the Piper's Son — " 
" Tom, Tom the piper's son, 
Stole a pig, and away he ran, 
The pig was eat, and Tom was beat, 
And Tom went roaring down the street." 
" Here we have a poor stupid thief who being caught, got well 
bdsted, and blubbered like a booby. Many of our nursery 
rhymes turn the table upon the foolish and the simple, making 
them a common butt, and holding them up to ridicule. Ai 
further examples we may mention — " 

" Simple Simon met a pieman 
Going to the fair : &o. 
" The wise men op Gotham, who under the title of the "fools 
of Gotham " are mentioned in the 15th century in the Townley 
mysteries, is another example. 

Another similar example is the following, the original of 
many rhymes, all having the same meaning." 

" My father he died, but I can't tell you how, 
He left me six horses to drive in my plough ; 



YORKSHIRE FOLKLORE. 159 

With my wing wang waddle oh, 
Jack sings saddle oh, 
Blowsey boys babble oh, 
Under the broom. 

I sold my six horses, and bought me a cow, 
I'd fain have made a fortune, bnt did not know how. 
With my, &c. 

I sold my cow, and I bou