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Full text of "Yorkshire place names, as recorded in the Yorkshire Domenday book, 1086: comprising all the references (nearly five thousand,) to places in the three ridings and North Lancashire .. with their modern names & suggested etymologies; the chief lords and tenants; and twenty-two illustrations"

M.L. 

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942.7401 

T85y 

1272557 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Wiiniiii99i , i!MT,y. p UBLiC LIBRARY 





3 1833 00730 2760 



UovUsljire f&oponomt) : 



PLACE NAMES FROM DOMESDAY BOOK, 

10S6. 



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Four Facsimiles from Domesday Book. 



> 

jj?j 



YORKSHIRE PLACE NAMES. 



AS RECORDED IN THE 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY BOOK 

1086 : 

Comprising all the References (nearly Five Thousand,) 
to places in the 

THREE RIDINGS AND NORTH LANCASHIRE 

(THEN INCLUDED IN YORKSHIRE FROM THE RlVER RlETLE 
TO FURNESS AND WESTMORELAND ) WITH THEIR 

MODERN NAMES & SUGGESTED ETYMOLOGIES; 
the CHIEF LORDS and TENANTS; 

AND TWENTY-TWO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



— J— 



By J. HOESFALL TUBNEB, 

IDEL, BRADFORD; 

Author of "Ilkley," " Bingley," " Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse,' 
"Halifax Bibliography," "Wakefield Prison," "Shipley District," &c. 

Editor of " Oliver Heywood's Diaries," 
"Yorkshire Anthology," "P. Bronte's Works," "C.Bronte's Letters,'* 
h-\ "Yorkshire Notes, Genealogist, &c." 

BINGLEY : 

Printed for the Author by Thos. Harrison & Sons, Queen Street. 



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Three Facsimiles from Domesday Book. 



1272557 





Jf^ 3 OME years ago, by invitation, I drew out a scheme 
of work for the Yorkshire Dialect Society, which 
scheme was adopted by the Council and printed 
in the Transactions. One of the suggestions was 
that the names of all the places in the County 
should be compiled, and the meanings of those 
names elucidated. It was stated that I had 
already extracted all the place-names from the 
photo-zincographic copy of Domesday Book, and 
had identified them as far as possible with the 
aid of Bawdwen's translation. Since then a 
more exact translation has appeared in the York- 
shire Archaeological Journal, but my copies of the 
names were taken from the photo-facsimiles, and to make 
the accuracy of the reading doubly sure the Journal version 
has been occasionally useful. 

Of all antiquarian British researches, I know no phase 
that has been brought into ridicule so much as the guesses 
at the meanings of our place-names, and I have shrunk from 
the task, and nothing but a sense of urgency that the work 
should be commenced for Yorkshire has induced me to brave 
the criticisms that must follow this first general effort for 
the County. 

I begin therefore on the surest grounds, following the 
advice given to the cook, — " First, you must catch your hare.' 7 
I had many fields in which to roam in search of the hare ; 
and gradually, and as I think scientifically, settled upon the 
following order : 

(1) — Names from Domesday Book, 1086. 
(2) — Incidental names of persons and places from Anglo- 
Saxon Charters, and from Runic inscriptions. 
(3) — Names of places from post-Conquest deeds, subsidy 

and manorial rolls, and ecclesiastical documents. 
(4) — Parish Registers (after their origin in 1538,) and 

printed sources. 
(5) — Field names, and — least valuable of all — names from 
local directories. 



vi. Yorkshire Toponpmy. 

Though I have numerous notes under each heading, I felt 
that the compactness and antiquity of Domesday Names 
demanded separate consideration, and a careful study of this 
valuable manuscript would be an educative preparation to 
the judicious arrangement of earlier and later forms of place- 
names. We are late in this County in tackling the work, for 
many of the Counties of the British Isles have already books 
on the subject, but I do not in the present volume intend to 
base my etymologies on their findings, but to establish, as 
authoritatively as ancient documents will help, the earliest 
examples of the manner in which the people wrote their 
phonetic attempts of the true meanings. We must remember 
that every name was as simple to the first people as Clifton 
is still to us, a tun or town on the cliffe, and Brighus, house 
near the bridge ; nay simpler than Saltaire, for in a century's 
time someone may imagine that it was a place for dancing, 
tracing the word from saltire, and ignorant that Mr. Salt 
built the village on the banks of the Aire. I am persuaded 
there was far more science in all the Anglian place-names 
than in the concoction of Saltaire, because Mr. Salt never 
owned the Aire. A small book could be compiled, but it 
would be a mass of rubbish, shewing that hundreds of wild, 
nonsensical guesses have been dogmatically stated respecting 
Yorkshire place-names. Thus we may find in print that Idle 
was the Eye of the dale, Briggate was the haunt of the 
Brk,antes, Cromwellbottom was named after the redoubtable 
Oliver, though never a Cromwell lived there, and it bore the 
name centuries before the Protector was born. Indeed, I 
have a pamphlet, printed in Switzerland, on Yorkshire place- 
names abounding in similar outrageous guesses. Surely, 
with these warnings, I have need to be cautious, but a faith- 
ful attempt on a scientific basis is all the more needed, and I 
am determined to do my share so far only as I feel I am on 
solid ground. 

Another matter we must bear in mind, namely, that for 
centuries the names were in most cases never written but 
passed from father to son, and when they were written in 
Anglian and Norman times they were rendered phonetically 
by strangers as well as neighbours. This was particularly so 
with Domesday Book, but I verily believe that the Norman 
Scribes had some guide as to spellings by scrips handed in 
by subordinates, as well as by the spoken testimony of the 



Yorkshire Toponomy. vii. 

natives. I notice that some writers disparage the Norman 
orthography, and though I cannot imagine on what principle 
the writers give us scores of variations, such as ton, tone, 
tun, tune, all for the same meaning, yet I am certain that in 
nearly every case the Domesday spelling is nearer to the 
original meaning than the modern methods. 

Though place-names may abound with mystery, they are 
replete with history. There is a peculiar fascination in the 
study of Toponomy, both to the antiquary and the general 
public. The man of the street is most dogmatic in his 
theories. Imagination has been allowed to run wild, and 
anachronisms are of little moment to the inventor of a 
plausible explanation. Poetical fancies outvie scientific 
linguistic facts, for the matter of fact is not so pleasing as 
the imaginative. Cherished ideas are crushed before the 
unbending demands of science. At a lecture before a philo- 
sophical society, an after-speaker asserted that ships ascended 
the Aire in ancient times as evidenced by the names Shipley 
and Eldwick ! ! Kershaw was formerly written and therefore 
understood as Kirkshaw, the church-wood, but one who 
bears the name traced it to " Qu'est cequ'ea (Who is this?) 
and thus gave a nickname to a valiant soldier. 

There are so many pit-falls and by-paths that I am more 
anxious to safe-guard myself and the reader than to offer 
conjectures in a dogmatic form. I think it will be soon 
enough to assume authority when the thousands of spellings 
have been classified that are to be found elsewhere as well as 
in the Domesday survey. Do not start with a pet theory : 
one has a craze for Druidism, another for Clan regime and 
Celtic survivals, a third flies away to Sanscrit or to the Ten 
Lost Tribes, and others squabble on the predominance of 
Danish, Saxon, Anglian, Norwegian, or Icelandic. In the 
present effort I shall be satisfied to include all the five under 
one term Norse, leaving the discrimination (where possible,) 
to future evidences. I don't see that we need trouble to give 
at present the various forms in the separate languages and 
dialects ; less still to rush off to Sanscrit, Hebrew, Greek or 
even Roman. As in the Anglo-Israel identification theories 
there is a wonderful facility in making the materials combine 
to suit preconceived meanings ; just so we can give another 
"proof" omitted by the Anglo-Israelites, that we are Jews 
for I.E.W.S. may stand for Ireland, England, Wales, Scotland! 



Yorkshire Toponomy . 



IX. 



By all means let us avoid philological crazes ; I cannot see 
why a ford should be called Oxenford, now Oxford, because 
oxen crossed the river there. Did nothing else cross there ? 
So at Hayford hay must have crossed. The readiest explan- 
ation is not always the most reliable, and in giving suggested 
component parts I have occasionally inserted possible but 
unlikely ones, whereby to counteract a false etymology pre- 
viously given. Northumberland does not now touch the 
Humber, but that does not justify us in stating (as Prof. 
Skeat jocosely suggested,) that it is the land of thumbs. 

In after-days when the meanings became obsolete, we shall 
find instances where the spelling was changed to suit the 
newly-conceived meaning. We must therefore follow up the 
history of each place, carefully note its geographical situation, 
trace the owners, and peruse all the ancient deeds accessible. 
No guessing must be allowed, and as in pedigree making, the 
names must be left to fall into line by the weight of their 
own evidence, or left distinctly marked in the query margin. 
By an after-thought it occurred to me to add illustrations 
for the benefit of those unaccustomed to ancient manuscripts, 
and samples of maps and runic inscriptions. So to the ten 
copies taken from various parts of the Yorkshire portion of 
Domesday, 1086, which, by the bye, then included all North 
Lancashire from the Bibble to Furness, I have given fac-simile 

copies of three 
deeds of early 
(out of 
thousands that I 
have copied,) and 
three instances 
of that lost liter- 
ature — runic in- 
scriptions — that 
obtained all over 
Scandinavia, Ice- 
land, and Britain ; 
many of which — 
of best preser- 
vation — may be 
found in the Isle 
fThortsm" ^~-°~~*& llffons %&£/&>!&>$. h<m of Man, but of a. 

Speed's Map, 1610. later date ' 



Ski 

9 



Jj&yhamg£ 




X. 



Yorkshire Toponomy. 



£'Ri>dcfiaD 
tOibfn 




"Hcatim Chip 

& 

Jiirfci 



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gwhartnbyc hrft£ 



Our famousYorkshire 
worthy, Christopher 
Saxton, was the pio- 
neer of County Sur- 
veyors and the 
prince as well. His 
Yorkshire map of 
1577 is too large to 
reproduce for this 
hook, but John 
Speed's map, 1626, 
(p. viii,) is well- 
worth studying. 
Speed and his suc- 
cessors all worked 
on the marvellously 
accurate labours of 
Saxton. Five small maps of Bingley district are added as 
specimens of later map-makers. 

A little study will be necessary to appreciate the excellence 
of Speed's map, 1626. Two lines across the rivers indicate 
bridges, a very important item of information in those days 
of walking and horse-riding. The letter n is frequently 
represented only by a dash over the preceding letter ; thus — 
Skipto-, We-tbridge, Castleto-. The custom in Domesday 
is to give an 



apostrophe 

mark in such ... :>^ 

cases. _ ■„*£ 

Huddersfield «&? 
is not named, 
but Lockwood, 
Honley Chapel, 
and Howne are. 

The bridges 
at Elland and 
Brighouse are 
shewn, but the 
places are not 
named, whilst 
Fixby Hall and 
Kirklesse Hall 



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Morden's Map, 1680. 




Teesdale's Map, 1827. 



xii. Yorkshire Toponomy. 

are. Instead of Keigbley you find little Newsome. Ilkley 
bridge is marked but not named, and yet a farm-house W. 
HALL (West Hall) occurs. Abborn cbappel is given, but I 
remember seeing a fragment of the last house of sweet 
Auburn tottering on the sea-cliffe, near Bridlington. Hause- 
garth near Whitby would not be so prominently recorded 
now-a-days. The Lancashire map shews Ingleboro', a giant 
among hills, whilst the Yorkshire map does not name it. 
Gisborn is given on the Lancashire map only. The Durham 
map supplies the names of several places that are south of 
the Tees. 

John Speed's larger- Yorkshire map, two fragments of 
which are here reproduced, was issued about 1610, and in- 
dicates palings around parks. Morden's map of 1680 is a bad 
copy of Speed's, as witness placing Shipley where Harden 
should be. Bo wen's map of 1695 gives fuller details respect- 
ing hamlets. Teesdale's map of 1827 prepares us for modern 
Ordnance Maps by indicating the contour. 

Respecting ancient deeds I have no Saxon ones to offer, 
and the three reproduced are given to afford the curious the 
opportunity of exercising their ingenuity in translating them 
into English. With the exception of a few Norman-French 
ones, the bulk of the old Yorkshire deeds up to the time of 
Queen Elizabeth are written in abbreviated Latin, and priests 
were the only persons who wrote deeds and wills. They had 
a disposition to Latinize names, thus Maun by they would 
spell Magnaby ; and the preposition cum is a relic of their 
influence in combinations such as Hartshead-cum-Clifton. 

In drawing our introduction to a close we may remark that 
generally our place-names from the Domesday list indicate 
(1) description of the locality as Clifton, or (2) ownership as 
Grimshaw, or (3) in a few cases the name may be an immi- 
grant in memory of the old home across the North Sea. 
When we look at the maps of our Colonies we find all three 
customs obtaining still. 

Further we notice that the names of rivers and mountains, 
and a few of the old towns, are of Celtic or British origin, or 
have in the case of towns a British root with Anglian affix. 
Very few are of Norman origin, Richmond being the most 
prominent. The immense majority are Anglian, (including 
at the present Danish, Frisian, Norse, &c.) A large number 
of these have the settlers' names incorporated as prefixes to 



Yorkshire Toponomy. xiii. 

their new possessions ; names so strange to modern readers 
that we should doubt whether they are personal names, if 
recent investigations had not furnished us with far more 
copious lists than I have ventured to insert in this volume. 
Thus whilst a very large number of our place-names bear the 
impress of their original founders, a much larger number of 
Yorkshire place-names three centuries after the Conquest 
had been appropriated by families as their surnames. Scarcely 
a township, hamlet, or farm-stead existed before 1300 which 
did not supply a family name. These early lists of surnames 
help us to the meanings of place-names. Thus Murgatroyd, 
often mutilated into Murgy, shows its own etymology in its 
earliest forms — John of the Moor-gate royd. 

We cannot at present follow the descent of place-names, 
except to indicate in a general way, that from Russia to 
Ireland, Spain to Scotland, the names of rivers shew very 
frequently a common origin ; and these names were fixed 
here before the Roman invasion, such as Dwr, Derwent, Tay, 
Thame, Aire, Ayr, Usk, Uisg, Wisk, Ux, Ouse, Esk, Ex, 
Esch, Ea, Yea, "Wharf, Calder, Dee. Tees, Rye, Ribble. 

In hills we have Pennine corresponding with the Appenines, 
Pen, Ben ; Chevin corresponding with Cevennes, Cheviots ; 
Don, Tor, Crag. Coed, Cote, and Cell remind us of the 
forests, solitary retreats, Coet has taken the form Govt in 
Harden-beck, Bingley. 

Passing from the British period to the Roman we find the 
imperial conquerors adding Roman inflections to the British 
names, thus Eboracum (York), Danum (Doncaster), Isurium 
(Iseur, the British capital at Aldboro', Boroughbridge), Cat- 
aractonium (Catterick), Legiolum (Castleford), Cambodunum 
(Scamonden, Slack), Calcaria (Tadcaster), Olicana (Ilkley), 
Camulodunum (Malton), Derventio (Aldby), Dunsinus (Duns- 
ley Bay), Petuaria (Spurn or Beverley), Pretorium (Patring- 
ton?), Brachium (Bainbridge), Lavatra? (Bowes), Delgovitia,(?) 
Ermine Street, StraHoxdi, Barton le Street, Leckon£.eld, Walton. 
In all our casters, chesters, street, strat, coin, we have 
Roman elements. 



xiv. Yorkshire loponomy. 



brfanjbttf^. i\a&&7vde. Qbtrdhdsu uwn& he 0qw 
niernuifrfumc* Garnet ^u^car^jfe. Bercng^V 



I 






*C*m c 






U vCVEta 



Facsimile of that part of DoniesJay Book relating to Settle, &c, 

•eta jdu filfrr tnUn^**tUt f<niurr*^d>«^& 

Facsimile of Holne paragraph in Domesday Book. 








\ O&^lajxiotmcon Ijrzwrx CXaxaonl Wtbexfe; ^ caf? 







tfeun.T* Cap ^^a ^SocaWjul?efe&. 

Facsimile of Morley paragraph in Domesday Book. 

I r\ N^AfrhtftlD of. iv. benafr. SaniaU. Sorein. WerLt 

7.<ti,p3nunt b<nutC' hartct^i pffamre ;xxv came* 
b^avmef fuw renf Edwifi-dftfa. Cttintnasutracisfot^ 

Simul bnr.vit- car^iluapajV.Vi.Uv i^.jtmXA Lzv. 
bra ^.Uv R-7 wi-Uv'W- IX t. tclifeiuK. moct/-U& 

Facsimile of Wakefield paragraph in Domesday Book. 



xvi. Yorkshire Toponomy, 

Anglo- Saxon local charters and deeds are of the greatest 
rarity. I have not been able to secure a single example ; 
my oldest parchment dates from the reign of Richard I, 
and I have several of the reign of King John, older than 
Magna Carta, one of which will be found herewith in fac- 
simile, dated 1200, wherein the local places named are 
Plumpton, Folifait, Ayketon, Godlesburg, Lelay, Brame, 
Weton, Morpathe, and Ribbestan. The 1316 deed refers to 
a booth in Wakefield Market held by Henry de Hyprum, the 
witnesses bearing the place-surnames Lockewode and Swyll- 
ington ; Wakefield is spelt Wakefeud. 

The Maude deed, 1357, I copied from the original, now 
stitched into the old register at Bingley. The Mohauds had 
been hitherto written at full as de Monte Alto from a place 
in Normandy. This deed refers to property in Morton, Kes- 
wyk, Over Yedon, Netheryedon, Halton (Harden), Bradeley 
and Skypton, being dated from Redelysdeyne near Bingley ; 
with witnesses, de Eltofte, de Ylton, de Locok, named after 
places near. 

Runic inscriptions in West Yorkshire are now excessively 
rare, so I will give three illustrations of a runic stone found 
at Bingley in 1863, and now preserved in the church there. 
The full story of Eadberht son of Eata, otherwise Egbert, 
who became King of Northumbria in 738, will be found in 
my " Ancient Bingley." Father Haigh's reading was "Ead- 
berht, Eatting Cyning rihte giban ceste nysode Ongus Bing- 
leahes," that is, " Eadberht, Eatta's son, king, uttered a 
gracious ban. Ongus or Angus visited Bingley." Prof. 
Stephens, of Copenhagen, and Prof. Victor, of Marburg, 
tackled the reading of the rough grit, but with no better 
result. In the Bingley History will be found the names of 
other Anglian rulers and inscriptions from coins minted in 
York. 




XVII. 




t TM&MfcH'niHir 

EA D B E R H TC UNING, 

t mxni 

( SIGEB NOS ODEONGEH). 

Bingley Runic Memorial, c. 740. 



xvm. 






^%t 



•a <» 3s ^ra «< V. <<S 



s ^ 




v^ 








-I 



H 









Hi 



H-. 



'>«=• 



. jd iJl^ 












Plomptou Charter, 1200. 



.ri.r. 







O 
ao 



4*1 






CD 

o 

ft 

CO 



XX. 



d 






* 







T% 1 1 i ^ 
** i ft 



y 




m 



.2 





f 4 






# cS- 



a 



*> 










3* *& /^^— c 



T ¥ dl (J I CLZa_fi 



Domes&aD fUscc Mantes, 10S6. 



Domesday, 


1086. Modern. 


Component Parts 


Page la. 






Eurvicescy] 
Eboraco 


:e Eur (Yore wick- shire) 
York 


Ure wick 
Y T ork shire 


Page lb. 


and 81a. 




Osboldewic 


Osbaldwick 


Osbald wick 


Stocthun 


Stockton on the Forest 


Stock ton 


Sa'bura 


Sand burn Wood 


Sa burn 


Hewarde 


Heworth 


He worth 


Fuleford 


Gate Fulford 


Fule ford 


Page 2a. 


and 81a. 




Cliftune 


Clifton 


Cliff ton 


Roudcliffe 


Rawcliffe 


Roud, Raw cliffe 


Ouertun 


Overton 


Ouer ton 


Sceltun 


Skelton 


Skel ton 


Mortun 


Murton in Galtres 


Mor ton 


Wicliistun 


Wigginton 


Wichin ton 


Cotingeha' 


Cottingham 


Coting ham 


Cucualt 


Coxwood 


.Cue wait 


The Kix< 


>'s Lands — Page 3a. 




Eisicewalt 


Easingwold 


Eisinc wait 


Hobi 

Molzbi 

Mortune 


Huby 

Moxby 

Murton (nr. Sutton) 


Ho, Hu by 
Molz by 
Mor ton 


Torp 
Sudtune 


Thorpe Hall 

Sutton on the Forest 


Thorp 
Sud ton 


Chelesterd 


Kelset Grange 


Cheles sterd 


Carebi 




Care by 


Tormozbi 
Hottune 


Thorrnanby 
Hutton Sessay 


Tormoz by 
Hot ton, Sess ay 


Sorebi 
Aluertune 


Sowerby (nr. Thirsk) 
Allerton (North) 


Sore by 
Alver ton 


Bretebi 
Smidetune 


Birkby 
Smeaton (Great) 


Brete, Birk by 
Smide, Smea ton 



18 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Smitune 

Sourebi 

Kirkebi 

Corketune 
Landemot 
Bergebi 
Gristorentun 

Eomundebi 

Iaforbe 

Neuhuse 

Westhuse 

Mannebi 

Wergelesbi 

Eindrebi 

Iaforde 

Leisencbi 

Digneshale 

Runtune 

Irebi 

Herelsaie 

Sigliestun 

Colebi 

Tirnbelbi 

Leche 

Chennieton 

Rauenestorp 

Torentun 

Croxebi 

trine tun 

Romundebi 

Brinton 

Gheluintun 

Keneuetun 

Walesgrif 

Nordfeld 

Asgozbi 

Ledbestun 

Grisetorp 



Modern. 
Smeaton (Little) 
Sowerby under CotclifTe 

Kirkby 

Landmoth 

Borrowby (nr. Leake) 
... Thornton 

Romanby 
Yaffortb 

Newsham farm ? 

Maunby 

W aria by 

Ainderby Steeple 

Yafforth 

Lazenby 

Dinsdale 

Rounton West 

Irby 

Harlsey East 

Sigston 

Cowsby 

Thimbleby 

Leake 

Knayton 

Raventhorpe 

Thornton le Street 

Crosby 

Otterington North 

Romanby 

Brompton 

Kilvington South 

Knayton ? 

Falsgrave 

(Northfield ?) 
Osgodby 
Lebberston 
Gristhorp 



Component Parts. 

Soure bv| 
Cot cliffej 
Kirk by 
Corke ton 
Lan, Land mot 
Berg, Boro' by 
Gris (stepping- 
stones) Thorn ton 
Rom and by 
la forth 
Neu hus ham 
West hus 
Maun, Magne by 
Werels, by 
Eindre, Aindre by 
la forth 
Leisenc by 
Diynes-hale dale 
Run Rowan ton 
Ire bi 

Herels, Harls sey 
Sighes ton 
Cole, Cows by 
Timble by 
Leek, Leak 
Chennie, Knay ton 
Ravens thorp 
Thorn ton street 
Crox Cros by 
Otrinc ton 
Romund by 
Brin, Bromp ton 
Chelvin, Kilving ton 
Keneve, Knay ton 
Vales, Wales, Fals, 

grif grave 
Nord field 
Asgoz, Osgod by 
Ledbes, Lebbers ton 
Grise thorp 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



19 



Domesday, 1086. 

Scagetorp 

Eterstorp 

Rodebestorp 

Fiuelac (Fucelac) Filey 



Modern. 



Bertune 

Depedale 

A tune 

Newetun 

Prestetune 

Hotune 

Martune 

Wicha' 

Rostune 

Tornelai 

Page 3b. 
Steintun 
Brinnistun 
Scallebi 
Cloctune 
Picberinga 
Bartune 
Newetune 
Blandebi 
Estorp 
Brunt on 
Odulfsmare 
Edbriztune 
Aluestune 
Wiltune 
Farmanesbi 
Rozebi 
Cbinetorp 
Chiluesmares 
Aschilesmares 
Maxudesmares 
Snecbintune 
Chigogemers 
Elreburne 
Torentune 
Leuecen 



Burton dale 
Deepdale 
Ayton West 
Newton 
(Priest town ?) 
Hutton Buscel 
Martou 
Wykebam 
Ruston 
(Tbornley ?) 



Burniston 

Scalby 

Clougbton 

Pickering 

Barton le Street 

Newton 

Blandsby 

Eastborpe 

Brompton 

Ebberston 

Allerston 

Wilton 

Farmanby 

Roxby 

Kintborp 



Snainton 

Ellerburn 
Tbornton Dale 
Levisbam 



Component Parts. 

Scaye, Scag tborp 

Eters tborp 

Rodbes tborp 

Fiue, Fuce lac ley 

Ber, Burg ton dale 

Depe dale 

A, Ay ton 

New ton 

Preste ton 

Ho, but, ton, Busc 

Mar ton 

Wike wich bam 

Ros, Rus ton 

Torn tborn ley 

Stein ton 

Brinnis, Burnis ton 
Seal by 

Cloc, Clougb ton 
Piek-er ing 
Bar ton street 
New ton 
Blands by 
Est tborpe 
Brun, Bromp ton 
Odulfs mare, mere 
Edbriz, Ebbers ton 
Alves, Allers ton 
Wil ton 
E,ar mans by 
Roze rox by 
Chine, Kin tborp 
Cbilves mares, marsh 
Ascbiles mares 
Maxudes mares 
Snecbin, snain ton 
Chigoges mers, mares 
Eire, Eller burn 
Tborn, Toren ton 
Leuec, Levis bam 



20 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Middeltun 


Middleton 


Bar tune 


Barton le street 


Haanburg 


Hemingbrough 


Wicstun 


Weighton Market 


Epton 


Shipton 


Cliue 


Cliff North 


Gudmandha' 


Goodmanharn 


Houeton 


Houghton 


Wartre 


Warter 


Ersewelle 


Harswell 


Torp 


Thorp Harswell 


Brunha' 


Nunburnholme 


Dighelbi 


Duggleby 


Turodebi 


Thoralby 


Hode 


Hotham 


Beton 


Beaton Ross 


Paqe 4a. 




Drifeit 


Driffield Great 


Chillon 


Kilham 


Elmeswelle 


Emswell 


Drigelinge 


(Little Driffield ?) 


Calgestorp 


Kelleythorpe 


Austburne 


Eastburn 


Westburne 


Kirkburn 


Sudburne 


Southburn 


Chilewit 


Kiln wick 


Tibetorp 


Tibthorpe 


Schirne 


S kerne 


Cranswic 


Cranswick 


Chillon 


Kilham 


Basewic 


Beswick 


Drifeit 


Driffield Great 


Poclinton 


Pocklington 


Haiton 


Hayton 


Mileton 


Millington 


Belebi 


Beilby 



Component Parts. 
Middel ton 
Bar ton street 
Haan, Heming burg, 

brough 
Wics, Weigh ton 

Market 
Ep, Ship ton 
Cliv, Cliff 
Gudmund ham 
Houe, Hough ton 
War tre ter 
Erse, Hars well 
Thorpe 
Brun, burn, holme, 

nuns' 
Dighel, Duggle by 
Turod, Thorald by 
Hode, Hoth ham 
Se ton ross 

Dri (Deira) field 
Chil, Kil ham (on 

urn) 
Elmes, Ems, well 
Drige, Dri ling, 

Drigel ing 
Calyes, Kelley thorp 
Aust, East burn 
West burn, Kirk 
Sud south burn 
Chile kiln wick 
Tibe thorp 
Schirne, Skerne 
Crans wick 
Chill, Kil ham (on) 
Base, Bes-wick 
Dri felt, field 
Poc ling ton 
Hai ton 

Mile, Mil ling ton 
Bele, Beil by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



21 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Brunha' 


Nunburnbolme 


Brun bam Nuns 


Meltebi 


Meltonby 


Mel (ton) by 


Griintorp 


Grimthorpe 


Grim tborp 


Mileton 


Millington 


Mile, Milling ton 


Brunebi 


Burnby 


Brune Burn by 


Alwarestorp 


Allertborpe 


Ahvares, aller tborpe 


Waplinton 


Waplington 


Wap ling ton 


Frangefos 


Fangfoss 


Frange, Fang foss 


Bernebi 


Barmby Moor 


Bern, Barm by moor 


Gbiuedale 


Givendale 


Given dale 


Torp 


(? Beltborpe) 


Bel tborpe 


Cbillewinc, (bis) 


Kildwick Percy 


Cbille wine, Kild 
wic Percy 


Poclinton 


Pocklington 


Pocl ing ton 


Bretlinton 


Bridlington 


Bret, Brid ling ton 


Hilgertorp 


Hildertborpe 


Hilger,Hilder tborpe 


Wiflestorp 


Wilstborpe 


Wifles, Wils tborpe 


Martone 


Marton 


Mar ton 


Basinghebi 


Bessingby 


Basing, Bessing by 


Estone 


Easton 


Est ton 


Bouintone 


Boynton 


Bouin Boyn ton 


Bouint' 


» j 


5> 


Gr end ale 


Grind ale 


Gren Grin dale 


Spretone 


Speeton 


Spre Spee ton 


Bocbetone 


Buckton 


Bocbe Buck ton 


Fleustone 


Flixton 


Fleus, Flix ton 


Stactone 


Staxton 


Stac ton 


Foxele 


Foxboles 


Fox ley boles 


Elestolf 




Eles tolf 


Galmeton 


Ganton 


Galme Gan ton 


Widlafeston 




Widlafes ton 


Edesbale 


Hensall (W. Riding) 


Edes Hens ball sail 


Santone 


(Sactun, in Staincross) 


San Sac ton 


Wiluelai 


Wolley (W. Riding) 


Wilve Wol ley 


Page 4b. 






Burtone 


Burton Agnes 


Bur ton Agnes 


Grenzmore 


Gransmoor 


Grenz Grans more 
moor 


Arpen 


Harpbam 


Arp Harp bam, (en) 


Buitorp 


Boytborpe 


Bui Boy tborp 


Langtou 


Langtoft 


Lang tov toft 



22 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Aschiltorp 


Haisthorpe 


Twenc 


Thwing 


Brunetone 


Potter Brompton 


Thirnon 


Thornholme 


Wachefeld 


Wakefield 


Sandala 


Sandal Magna 


Sorebi 


Sowerby 


Werla 


Warley 


fesler 


(Halifax ?) 


Micleie 


Midgley 


Wadeswrde 


Wadsworth 


Cru'betonestnn 


(Heptonstall '?) 


Langefelt 


Langfield 


Stanesfelt 


Stansfield 


Crigestone 


Criggleston 


Bretone 


Bretton West 


Orberie (bis) 


Horbury 


Osleset (bis) 


Ossett 


Ettone 


Earlsheaton 


Stanleie 


Stanley 


Scellintone 


Shitlington 


Ameleie 


Em ley 


Cheterwrde 


Cart worth 


Bertone 


Kirkburton 


Seppeleie 


Sbepley 


Scelneleie 


Shelley 


Cu'brewrde 


Cumberworth 


Crosland 


North Crosland 


Crigest' 


Criggleston 


Holne 


Holme, Holmfirth 


? 5 


Yateholm 


Alstanesleie 


Austonley 


Thoac 


(Thong or Quick ?) 


Norma'tune 


Normanton 


Wachefelt 


Wakefield 



Component Parts. 
Aschil, Hais thorp 
Twenc, Thwing 
Brune Bromp ton 

Potter 
Thirn Thorn, holme 

(on) 
Wache Wake field 
Sand al Magna 
Sore Sower by 
Wer War ley 
Fes lei ler Hali fax 

fex ley 
Mic Midg ley 
Wades worth 
Crumb ton stun 

Hep ton stall 
Lang field 
Stans field 
Crig Criggles ton 
Bret, Bre ton 
Or Hor bury 
Osle Os set 
Et, E, Hea ton 

Earls 
Stan ley 

Scell, Shill ing ton 
Ame, Em ley (Al- 

mund) 
Cheter Cart worth 
Ber, Bur ton Kirk 
Seppe, Shep ley 
Scelne, Shel ley 
Cumber worth 
Cros land 

Criges, Criggles ton 
Holne, Holm firth 
Yate gate 
Alstans, Auston ley 
Thoac, Thong Q uick 
Norman ton 
Wake field 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



23 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Deusbereia 


Dewsbury 


Deus,Dews bery bury 


Burc 


Aldborougb 


Burc, burgh aid 


Claretone 


Clareton 


Clare ton 


Hiltone 




Hill ton 


Burtone 


Burton Leonard 


Bur ton Leonard 


Page 5a. 






Adelingestorp 


Ellintborpe 


Ad elings, Ellin thorp 


Mildebi 


Milby 


Milde, Mil by 


Felgesclif 


Felliscliff 


Felges, Fellis cliff 


Cbenihalle 


Killingball 


Cheni, Killing hall 


Cliftone 


Clifton (nr. Fewston) 


Clif ton 


Timble 


Timble Great 


Timble 


Wipeleie 


Wbipley (nr. Clint) 


Wip, Whip ley Clint 


Stanlei 


Soutb Stainley 


Stan, Stain ley 


Chenaresburg 


Knaresborougb 


Chenares, Knares 
borough 


WalchiDgha' 


Walkingbam 


Walk, Walcb ing 
ham 


Feresbi (bis) 


Ferrensby 


Feres, Ferrens by 


Scrauinghe 


Scriven 


Scraying, Scrav ing 
Scriven 


Besthaim 


in Fewston 


Best haim 


Fostune 


Fewston 


Fos, Fews ton 


Braretone 


Brearton 


Brare, Brear ton 


Sosacre 


Southacres, Ripley 


Sos acre Rip ley 


Cbetune 


Cayton 


Che Cay ton 


Farneba' 


Farnbam 


Farn ham 


Stanleie 


Soutb Stainley 


Stan, Stain ley 


Bestbam 


(a woodland) 


Best ham (haim) 


Nokt Treding 


(North Riding) 


Tre ding Tri thing 


Langeberg W 


apent.' Langbargh W. 


Lang berg bargh, 
wapen tac 


Normanebi 


Norruanby 


Norman by 


Rozebi 


Rousby 


Roze, Rous by 


Ugbetorp 


Ugtborpe 


Ughe, Ug thorp 


Bolebi 


Boulby 


Bole, Boul by 


Loctusu' 


Loftbouse (Soutb) 


Loct, Loft bus, 
house um 


Steintun 


Stainton 


Stein, Stain ton 


Morebusu' 


Great Moorsbolrue 


More bus um holme 


Torp 


Kilton Tborpe 


Thorpe Kil ton 



24 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Chilton 


Kilton 


Chil kil ton 


Chigesburg 


Guisbrou^h 


Chiges Guis, burg 
brough 


Tornetun 


Thornton nr. Stainton 


Thorn ton 


Westude 


Westwood ? Kirk- 


West ude wood, 




leatham 


Leath ham 


Lesingebi 


Lazenby 


Lesing, Lazen bi 


Upesale 


Upsall 


Up sal 


Torp 


Pinchingthorpe 


Pinch ing thorpe 


Ergun 


Airyholme, Ayton 


Erg, Airy holme (un) 


Atun 


Great Ayton 


A, Ay ton 


Neweton 


Newton 


New ton 


Mortun 


Morton 


Mor ton 


Torp 


Nunthorpe 


Nun thorpe 


Dunesle 


Dunsley 


Dunes ley 


Page 5b. 






Tbormozbi 


Thornaby 


Thormoz, Thorna by 


Atun 


Little Ayton 


Ay ton 


Esebi 


Easby, Stokesley 


Ese Eas by Stokes 
ley 


Badresbi 


Battersby 


Badres, Batters by 


Martune 


Marton 


Mar ton 


Neweha' 


Newbam 


New ham 


Tollesbi 


Tolesby 


Tolles by 


Aclun 


Acklam 


Ulcbel (owner 1086) 
Acl un, Ackl ham 


Tonnestale 


Tunstall 


Tonne, Tun stall 


Tametun 


Tanton 


Tame, Tan ton 


Berguluesbi 




Bergulves by 


Codrescbelf 


Scutterskelfe 


Codre, Scutter skelfe 


Toroldesbi 


Thoraldby 


Thoroldes by 


Hiltune 


Hilton 


Hil ton 


Camisedale 




Camise dale 


Broctun 


Great Broughton 


Broc Brough ton 


Buschebi 


Great Bushby 


Busch, Bus by 


Fezbi 


Faceby 


Fez, Face by 


Goutun 


Goulton 


Gou, Goul ton 


Cratorne 


Crathorne 


Cra thorne 


Eantune 


East Rounton 


Ran, Roun ton 


[Pickering 


Lithe Wapentake] 


Picker ing lithe, 
Wapen tac 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



25 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Caitune 


Cayton 


Cai ton 


Martun 


Mar ton 


Mar ton 


Wicba' 


Wykeham 


Wike, Wyke, ham 


Bruntune 


Broropton 


Brun, Bromp ton 


Truzstal 


Troutsdale 


Truz trouts dale 
stal 


Alurestan 


Allerston 


Alvres, Allers ton 


Locteruares 


Loft Marishes 


Loot, Loft, mares 
marishes 


Torentun 


Thornton dale 


Thorn ton dale 


Elreburne 


Ellerburn 


Eire Eller burn 


Dalbi 


Dalby 


Dal by 


Chetelestorp 


Kettlethorpe 


Chetel's, Kettle 
thorp 


Lochetun 


Lockton 


Loch Lock ton 


Aslachesbi 


Aislaby 


Aslaches, Aisla by 


Wereltun 


W T relton 


Werel, Wrel ton 


Caltorne 


Cawthorne 


Cal, Caw thorne 


Croptune 


Cropton 


Crop ton 


Bascbebi 


(in Rydale Wap.) 


Basche by, Rye-dale 


Tornitun 


Thornton Riseborough 


Thorn ton, Rise 
brough 


Abbetune 


Habton 


Abbe, Hab ton 


Ritun 


Ryton 


Ri Ry ton 


Newebusu' 


Newsham, Appleton 


New hus ham (um) 




le street 


Apple ton street 


Pat/e 6a. 






Einclebi 


Ingleby 


Eincle bi 


Wicu' 


Wykeham, Malton 


Wic Wyke ham (um) 


Wiehe 


another Wyke 




Maltune 


Old Malton 


Mai ton 


Maltune 


Malton 


i ? 


Broctune 


Broughton, Appleton 
le street 


Broc Brough ton 


Suintune 


Swinton 


Sum, Swin ton 


Apeltun 


Appleton le street 


Apel, Apple ton 
street 


Berg 


Great Barugh 


Berg, Barugh 


Berg 


Little Barugh 


» > > » 


Holme 


South Holme 


Holme 


Wellebrune 


Welburn 


W T ell burn 



26 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Normanebi 

Newetune 

Newentune 

Sprostune 

Grif 

Tilstune 

Elmeslac 

Harun 

Ricalf 
Nunnigetune 

Coltune 



Modern. 
Norm an by 
West Newton 
East Newton 
Sproxton 
Griff 
Stilton 
Helmsley 

Harome 
Riccal 
Nunnington 
Colton 



[Bulmer Wapentake.] 
Hotun Hutton on Derwent 



Scacheldene 

Dalbi 
Hotone 
Gameltorp 
Wicliingastorp 

Hildingeslei 

Lilinge 

Cranbone 

Heretune 

Claxtorp 

Page 6b. 
Ho tune 
Diche 

Sudtune (bis.) 
Caldenesche 

Boltebi 

Lilinge 

Huntindune 

Flaxtune 

Raschel 

Mitune 

Bradfortun 



Scackleton 

Dalby 

Sheriff Hutton 

Ganthorpe 

Wiganthorpe 

Hildenley 

Lilling 

Crambe 

Harton 

Claxton 

Sand Hutton 

Sutton on the Forest 
? Thirsk on Cod beck 

Holtby 

East Lilling 

Huntington 

Flaxton 

Raskelfe 

Myton on Swale 

Brafferton 



[Birdforth Wapentake.] 



Component Parts. 
Norman by 
New ton 

>> >> 
Spros, Sprox ton 
Griff 

Tils, Stil ton 
Elmes, Helms lac 

ley 
Har un ome 
Ri calf cal 
Nunning ton 
Col ton 

Bui mer Wapen tac 
Ho Hut ton, Der 

went 
Scackle dene ton 
Dal by 

Ho Hut ton, Sheriff 
Gamel Gan thorp 
Wichingas, Wigan 

thorp 
Hildinges Hilden ley 
Lilling 

Cranb, Cramb on 
Here Har ton 
Clax thorp ton 

Ho ton Sand 
Diche Dike 
Sud ton 
Calden esche Tre 

esch Cod beck 
Bolt, Holt by 
Lilling 

Hunting dun ton 
Flax ton 

Ras chel Ra skelfe 
Mi My ton Swale 
Brad Braf for ton 
Bird forth Wapen 

tac 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



27 



Domesday, 1086. 

Uluestun 

Torp 

Carletun 
Neuhuse 



Sorebi 
Tresche 

Ostrinctune 

Romunclrebi 

Hotune 

Smidetune 

Wercesel 

Wercesel 

Apletnne 

Lentune 

larun 

Lentun 

Welleberge 

Herlesege 

Herlesege 

Mortune 

Englebi 

Gerneclif 
Bordlebi 

Elrebec 
Asinundrelac 

Siluetune 

Page 7a. 
Sourebi 



Modern. 

Oulston 
Thorpe Hall 
Carlton Miniot ? 
Newsham (Kirkby 

Wiske) 
Sowerby 
Thirsk 

Otterington North 
Romanby 
Hutton Bonville 
Smeaton Little 
Worsall High 
Worsall Low 
Appleton on Wiske 
Levington Kirk 

Yarm 

Levington Castle 
Welbury 
Harlsey West 
, , iiias l 
Morton 
Ingleby Arncliffe 

Arncliffe 
(Mount Grace) 

Ellerbeck 
Osinotherley 

Over Silton 

Sowerby Cotcliff 



Croxbi Crosby 

Capuic Kepwick 

Dal Dale-town 

Halmebi Hawnby 

Est Treding (East Riding) 



Component Parts. 
Ulves Ouls ton 
Thorp hall 
Carle ton Miniot 
New hns ham Kirk 

by Wiske 
Sore Sower by 
Tresch Tre esch 

Thirsk 
Ostrinc Ottering ton 
Romundr by 
Ho ton Bonville 
Smide Srnea ton 
Wercesel Wors all 
,, sail 
Apple ton Wiske 
Len, Leving ton 

Kirk 
la Yar urn un 
Len Leving ton 
Welle berge bury 
Herles ege ey 

Mor ton 

Engle Ingle by Arn 

cliffe 
Gerne Arn cliff 
Bordle by, Mount 

Grace 
Eire Eller beck 
Asroundre,Osmother 

lac, ley 
Silue Sil ton 

Sour Sower by, Cot 

cliffe 
Crox Cross by 
Cap kep wic 
Dal 

Halme Hawn by 
East Tre ding, Tri 

thing 



28 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
Umlouebi 
Ballebi 
Cleuinde 

Sundrelanwic 

Tibetorp 

Torp 

Naborne 

Hugliete 

Holde 

Belebi 

Steflinflet 

Iapun 

Bretlinton 

Eleburne 

E stone 

Bouinton 

Rictone 

Fleustone 

Staxtun 

Mustone 

Neutone 

Fordun 

Ledemare 

Burtone 

Fulcheton 

Ergone 

Nadfartone 

Chelche 

Chillon 

Roreston 

Loghetorp 
Caretorp 

Twenc 
Fornetorp 
Ocheton 
Langetoa 



Modern. 
Anlaby 
Belby 
Cleavinge Grange 

Sunderlandwick 

Tibtliorp 

(Thorp) 

Naburii 

Huggate 

Hotham 

Beilby 
Stillingfleet 

Yapham 

Bridlington 

Auburn 

Easton 

Boynton 

Reighton 

Flixton 

Staxton 

Muston 

Wold Newton 

Fordon 

(Sledmere ?) 

Burton Flemming 

Folkton 

Ergham 

Nafferton 

Kelke Little 

Kilham 

Ruston Parva 

Lowthorp 
Cay thorp 
Thwing 

Octon 
Langtoft 



Component Parts. 
Umlov, Anla by 
Ball, Bel by 
Clevinde, Cleaving 

Grange 
Sundre land wic 
Tibe Tib thorp 
Thorp 

Na borne burn 
Hu Hug ghet gate 
Holde Holte, Hoth 

ham 
Bele Beil by 
Stef ling, Stilling, 

fleet 
lap Yap ham (un) 
Bret Brid ling ton 
Ele Au burn 
Es, East ton 
Bouin Boyn ton 
Ric Reigh ton 
Fleus Flix ton 
Stax ton 
Mus ton 
Neu ton Wold 
For don dun 
Lede, Sled mare 

mere 
Bur ton Fleming 
Fulche Folk ton 
Erg ham (on) 
Nadfar, Naffer ton 
Chelche Kelk 
Chil Kil ham (on) 
Rores Rus ton 

parva 
Loghe Low thorp 
Care Cay thorp 
Twenc Thwing 
Forne thorp 
Oche Oc ton 
Lang tov toft 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



29 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Sudtone 


Sutton nr. Norton 


Sud ton 


Nortone 


Norton 


Nor ton 


Touetorp 


Towtborp 


Toue Tow tborp 


Bredballe 


Burdale 


Bred Bur ball dale 


Scameston 


Scampston 


Scames Scamps ton 


Page 7b. 






Eedlintone 


Rillington 


Redlin Rilling ton 


Torp 


Tborp Basset 


Tborp Basset 


Mennistorp 


Menetborp 


Mennis Mene tborp 


Gudwalestorp 


Eddletborp 


Gudwales Eddie 
tborp 


Bergetorp 


Burytborp 


Berg Bury tborp 


Chercbebi 


Kirkby Underdale 


Cbercbe Kirk by, 
under dale 


Unchelsbi 


Uncleby 


Uncbels by 


Torfe 


Pains tborp 


Torf, tborp, Pains 
Payans 


Grimeston 


Nortb Grimston 


Grimes ton 


Warran 


Wbarram Percy 


Wliar an am Percy 


Fridagstorp 


Fridaytborp 


Fridags tborp 


Redrestorp 


Raistborp 


Redres, Rais tborp 


Cbircbebi 


Kirkby Grindalytbe 


Cbircbe Kirk by 
Grinda lytb 


Cro'un 


Crooni 


Cro un (am) Croom 


Colnun 


Cowlam 


Coin un, Cowl am 


West Treding (West Riding) 


Tre ding, Tri tbing 


Roudeclife 


Rawcliffe (Nortb Rid.) 


Roud Raw cliffe 


Scbeltun 


Skelton (Nortb Rid.) 


Scbel Skelf ton 


Wodebuse 


Wotbersome 


Wode bus, Wotber 
some um 


Bereleseie 


Bardsey 


Berle sei Bards ey 


Mortune 


E. Morton (Bingley) 


Mor ton 


Redelesden 


Riddlesden 


Redels, Riddles den 


Scadewelle 


Sbadwell 


Scad Sbad well 


Mortune 


W. Morton, (Bingley) 


Mor ton 


Harewode 


Harewood 


Hare wood 


Cbesuic 


East Keswick 


Cbes, Kes wic 


Stocbetun 


Stockton(nr. Harewood) Stock ton 


Niweballe 


Newball (Harewood) 


New ball 


Wic 


Wike, (Harewood) 


Wike 


Loftbuse 


Loftbouse (Harewood) 


Loft bouse 



30 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Stubhusun 

Alwoldelei 

Horseforde 

Boudun 

Iadun 

Sproteburg 

Guldetorp 

Sceuelt 

Anesacre 

Pengestone 

Dertune 

Normetune 

Holne 

Linleie 

Rastric 

Page 8a. 
Badetorpes 
Useburne 
Burg 
Useburne 
Chenaresburg 

Brantune 

Graftone 
Ripestain 
Homptone 
Alureton 

Archedene 

Minescip 

Aldefeld 

Laureton 

Popleton 

Beristade 

Rodun 

Bomeslai 

Edidha' 

Ledelai 

Widetune 

Ardulfestorp 



Modern. 
Stubbhouse(Harewood) 
Alwoodley 
Horsforth 
Rawdon 
Yeadon 
Sprotborough 
Goldthorp 
Waldersbelfe 
Onesacre 
Peniston 
Darton 
Normanton 
Holme (? Holmfirth) 
Old Linley 
Rastrick 

('? near York city) 
Great Ouseburn 
Aldborough 
Little Ouseburn 
Knaresborough 

Branton Green 

Grafton 
Great Ribston 
Hopperton 
Allerton Mauleverer 

Aiken dale 
Min skip 
Aldfield 
Laverton 

Birstwith 

(Rowden ?) 

Beamsley 

Addingham 

Leathley 

Weeton 

Addlethorp 



Component Parts. 
Stub bus un (am) 
Alwold ley 
Hors forth 
Rou Raw don 
la don dun 
Sprote burg, brough 
Guide, Golde thorp 
Sceult,Shelf,Walder 
Anes Ones acre 
Penges Penis ton 
Der, Dar ton 
Norman ton 
Holne, Holme 
Lin ley 
Rast rick 

Bade thorpes 
Use, Ouse burn 
Burg brough, Aid 
Use, Ouse burn 
Chenares, Knares, 

burg 
Brant, Bran ton, 

Green 
Graf ton 

Ripe Ribs stain ton 
Homp, Hopper ton 
Alure Aller ton 

Mauleverer 
Archen, dene, dale 
Mm skip 
Aid field 
Laver ton 
Pople ton 
Berist ade with 
Ro Row dun den 
Bomes, Beams ley 
Edid, Adding ham 
Lede, Leath, ley 
Wide Wee ton 
Ardulfes, Addle 

thorp 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



31 



Domesday, 1086. 
Sidingale 

d for cl] 
Stanburne 
Roserte 
Castelai 
Chirchebi 
Bran tone 

In Crave' 
Chersintone 
Treschefelt 
Cutnelai 
Bradelei 
Fernehil 
Cbildewic 
Esebrune 
Utelai 
Chichelai 
TVilsedene 
Acurde 
Neuhuse 
Lacoc 
Sutun 
Mellinge 
Hornebi 
Weningetun 
Tornetun 
Borcb 

Page 8b. 
Bodeltone 
Alton 
Embesie 
Dractone 
Scipeden 
Scipton 
Snachebale 

Toreddereby 

Bedrnesleia 

Holme 

Geregraue 

Staintone 



Modern. 



Sicklinghall 



Stainburn 

Rosset 

Castley 

Kirkby, Kearby 

Branton Green 

Craven 

Grassington 

Threshfield 

Cononley 

Bradley 

Farnhill 

Kildwick 

Eastburn 

Utley 

Keighley 

Wilsden 

Oakworth 

(Newsholme, Keighley) 

Laycock, Keighley 

Sutton, Kildwick 

in Lancashire now 

in Lancashire now 

in Lancashire now 

in Lonsdale now 

in Lonsdale now 

Bolton (Craven) 

Halton 

Embsay 

Draughton 

Skibeden 

Skipton 

Snaygill 

Thorlby 
Beamsley 
Holme (Skipton) 
Gargrave 
Stain ton 



Component Parts. 
Siding, Sicling, al 

hall 
Stanburn, Stainburn 
Ros ert et 
Castle Cast ley 
Chirche, Kirk, by 
Bran ton 
Craven 

Chersin Gersing ton 
Thresch field 
Cutn, Conon ley 
Brade ley 
Fern Farn hill 
Child, Kild wic 
Ese East burn, brim 
Ut ley, lai 
Chichel, Keigh ley 
Wils den 

Ac Oak urde worth 
New hus holme 
La Lay cock 
Sut ton 



Bodel Bol ton 
Al Hal ton 
Embs, ie, Emb say 
Drac Draugh ton 
Scip, Skib den 
Scip, Skip ton 
Snache Snay, hall 

gill 
Toredder, Thorl by 
Bedmes Beams ley 
Holme 

Gere Gar grave 
Stain ton 



32 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Odingehem Addingham 



Otreburne 
Scotorp 

Malgun 
Coneghestone 



Otterburn 
Scosthrop 

Mai ham 
Cold Coniston 



Helgefeld Hellifield 

Anleie Anley 

Hangelif Hanlith 

Agemundrenesse (Amounderness) 
Earl Tosti's lands. 



Component Parts. 
Oding Adding ham 
Otre Otter burn 
Sco Scos throp 

thorp 
Malg Mai ham (un) 
Coneghes, Corns ton 

Cold 
Helge Helli field 
An ley 
Hange Han lif lith 



Prestune 

Estun 

Lea 

Saleuuic 

Cliftun 

Neutune 

Frecheltun 

Rigbi 

Chicheham 

Treueles 

Westbi 

Pluntun 

Widecur 

Pres 

Wartun 

Lidun 

Meretun 

Latun 

Staininghe 

Carlentun 

Biscopham 

Rushale 

Brune 

Torentun 

Poltun 

Singletun 

Greneliolf 

Eglestun 

other Eglestun 



Preston 

Ash ton 

Lea Gate 

Salwick 

Clifton 

Newton 

Freckleton 

Rigby 

Kirkham 

Treales 

Westby 

Plumpton 

Widker 

Preese 

Warton 

Lytham 

Great Marton 

Layton 

Staining 

Carlton 

Bispham 

Rossal 

Bryning 

Thornton 

Poulton le Fylde 

Singleton 

Greenhalgh 

Eccleston 



[ Lancashire, north of 
Preston and Blackpool, that 
is north of the Ribble, was 
then included with York- 
shire.] 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



33 



Domesday, 1086. 

Edelels uuic 

Inscip 

Sorbi 

Ascbebi 

Michelescberch 

Catrebala 

Clactune 

Newbuse 

Plnntun 

Broctun 

Witingbebam 

Bartun 

Gusansarghe 

Halctun 

Trelefelt 

Watelei 

Cbipinden 

Actun 

Fiscwic 

Grimesarge 

Ribelcastre 

Biseuurde, Bileuurde 

Suenesat Swainset 

Fortune 

Crimeles 

Cberestanc 

Rodeclif 

otber Rodeclif 

third Rodeclif 

Hameltun 



Modern. ' 
Ethelswick, Elswick,: 
Inskip 
Sourby 
? Nateby 

St. Michael's on Wyre 
Cathrall 
Claughton 
Newsham 
Wood Plumpton 
Broughton 
Whittingbam 
Barton 
Goosnargh 
Haighton 

Tbrelfield, Threlfalds 
^Ybeatley 
Chipping 
Aighton 
Fishwick 
Grimsargh 
Ribchester 



Component Parts. 



[Places in 

North 
Lancashire.] 



Stalmine 

Pressouede 

Midehope 

Haltun 

Aldeclif 

Tiernun 

Hillun 

Loncastre 

Cherca loncastre 

Hotun 

Neutun 



Forton 

Crimbles 

Garstang 

Rawclifte, Upper 
,, Middle 

,, Lower 

Hambleton 

Stalmine 

Preesall 

Mithope 

Halton 

Aldcliffe 

Thurnham 

Hillara 

Lancaster 

Kirkby Lancaster 

Hutton 

Newton 



34 



YORKSHIKE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 108G. 
Ouretun 

Middeltun 

Hietune 

Hessam 

Oxeneclif 

Poltune 

Toredholme 

Schertune 

Bare 

Sline 

Bodeltone 

Chellet 

Stopeltierne 

Neulmse 

Chreneforde 

Witetone 

Neutune 

Ergune 

Gbersinctune 

Hotun 

Cantesfel 

Irebi 

Borch 

Lech 

Borctune 

Bernulfeswic 

Inglestune 

Castretune 

Berebrune 

Sedberge 

Tiernebi 

Oustewic 

ToRFIN HAS- 

Heldetune 

Clapeham 

Middeltun 

Manzserge 

Chercbebi 



Modern. 
Overton 
Middleton 
Heaton 
Heyshani 
Oxcliff 

Poulton le Sands 
Torrisbolme 
Skerton 
Bare 
Slyne 

Bolton le Sands 
Kellet 

Stapleton tbierne 
Newsome 
Carnfortb 
Wbittington 
Newton 
Ark holme 
Gressingham 
Hutton 
Cantsfield 
Ireby 
Burrow 
Leek 
Burton in Lonsdale, 

Yks. 
Barnoldswick 

Ingleton 

in Westmord. 
in Westmd. 

Sedbergb 

Thirnby 

Austwick 

(Halton) 

Clapham 

Middleton (Westmor.) 

Mansergh 

Kirkby Lonsdale 



Component Parts. 



Bore, Bur ton Lons 

dale 
Bernulfes, Barnolds 

wic 
Ingles Ingulpbs 

Ingle ton 



Sed berg bergh 
Tiern, Thirn by 
Oust Aust wic 

Helde Hal ton 
Clap ham 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



35 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Lupetun 


Lupton 


Prestun 


Preston 


Holme 


Holme 


Bortun 


Burton in Kendall 


Hotune 


Hutton (Priest) 


Warfcun 


Warton 


Clactun 


Claughton 


Catun 


Caton 


Chetel has— 


Benetain 


Bentbam 


Wininctane 


Wennington 


Tathaim 


Tatbam 


Fareltun 


Farlton 


Tunestalle 


Tunstall 


Tosti has— 




Hougun 


Low Furness 


Chiluestrewic 


Killerwick 


Sourebi 


Sowerby 


Hietun 


Heaton 


Dal tune 


Dal ton 


Warte 


Swarth 


Neutun 


Newton 


Walletun 


Walton 


Suntun 


Santon 


Fordebodele 


Washed away 


Eosse 


Boose 


Hert 


Washed away 


Lies 


J5 >> 


Other Lies 


Leece 


Glassertun 


Gleaston 


Steyetun 


Stainton 


Clivertun 


Crinleton, lost 


Ourgreve 


Orgrave 


Meretun 


Marton 


Pennegetun 


Pennington 


Gerleuuorde 


Kirkby Irelith 


Borch 


B or wick 


Berretseige 


Bardsea 


Witinglia 


Whitingham 


Bodele 


Botbill, Bootle 


Santacherche 


Kirk Santon 



Component Parts. 



1272557 



Benet, Bent ham 



86 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 108G. 
Hougenai 
Page 9a. 

GlLEMICHEL 

Stercaland 

Munet 

Cberchebi 

Helsingetune 

Steintun 

Bodelforde 

Hotim 

Bortun 

Daltun 

Patun 

Duuan has 
Eenulf has 
Turulf has 



Modern. 
High Furness 



Component Parts. 



has — 
Strickland 
Mint 

Kirkby Kendal 
Helsington 
Stainton 
Bolford 
Hutton 

Burton in Kendal 
Dalton 

Patton in Kendal 
Cberchebi 
Aldingha 
Vluerstun 
Bodeltun 
Dene 



Rest of 9a blank. 



Page 9b. 
Lands 
Patrictone 
Wi'stede 
Halsam 
Torp 
Toruelestorp 

Swine 

Brunebi 

Coletun 

[Alnieslai 

Page 10a. 
Scireburne 

Elgendon 

Walbi 

Walchinton 
Cave 



OF 



the Archbishop of York 

Patrington 

Winstead 

Halsham 

Welwick Thorp 

Thorlesthorp(swamped 
by Humber, 1393) 
. Swine 

Burnby 

Colton, nr. Hovingham 

Helmsley] 

Sherburn (W.Riding) 
Barchestone Wap. 
Elloughton 

Wauldby 
Walkinton 

(South) Cave 



Patric Patring ton 
Win stede stead 
Hals ham 
Wei wic thorp 
Thoruld's thorp 

Swine 

Brune by 

Cole Col ton, Hov- 

ing ham 
Almes Helms ley 

Shire burn 

Elgen Elough don 

ton 
Wal Wauld by 
Walch Walkin ton 
Cave 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



37 



Domesday, 1086. 



Modern, 



Component Paets. 



Page 10b. 






Niwebolt 


Newbald 


New bolt, bald 


Richale 


Riccall 


Ric all hal 


Domniton 


Dunnington 


Donmi Dunning ton 


Evringha' 


Everingbam 


Evring bam 


Lodenesburg 


Londesbrough 


Lodenes Londes 
burg brougb 


Toletorp 


Toltborp 


Tole Tol tborp 


Gudmundha' 


Goodrnanbam 


Gudmund, Goodman 

bam 
Wet wang bam 


Wetwangha' 


Wetwang 


Wiltone 


Wilton (Bishop) 


Wil ton Bisbop 


Bodelton 


Bolton 


Bodel Bol ton 


Gbeuetorp 


Gowthorp 


Gheu Gow tborp 


Aiultorp 


Youltborp 


Aiul Youl tborp 


Grenewic 


Greenwick farm 


Grene wic 


Fridarstorp 


Fridaytborp 


Fridars tborp 


Grendele 


Grin dale 


Gren Grin del dale 


Barnebi 


Barmby on Moor 


Barn Barm by moor 


Milleton 


Millington 


Mille Milling ton 


Acb 


Aike 


Acb Aike 


Page 11a. 






Caretorp 


Caytborp 


Care Cay tborp 


Langhetov 


Lang to ft 


Langhe tov toft 


Cottun 


Cottam 


Cot tun am 


Wifretorp 


Weaverthorp 


Wifre Weaver tborp 


Meletorp 


Mowthorp 


Mele Mow tborp 


Sciresburne 


Sberburn (E. Riding) 


Scires, Sber burn 


Elpetorp 


Helpertborpe 


Elpe Helper tborp 


Grimstone 


Grimston 


Grims ton 


Sudtone 


Sutton near Norton 


Sud ton, Nor ton 


Bntesbale 


Birdsall 


Brites Birds bal all 


Crogun 


Croom 


Crog un Croom 


Turgilebi 


Thirkleby 


Tburgil Tbirkle by 


Ludton 


Lutton 


Lud Lut ton 


Ulcbiltorp 




Ulcbil tborp 


Bugbetorp 


Bugthorp 


Bugbe Bug tborp 


Nort Treding (North Riding) 


Nortb Tre ding, 






Tri thing 


Wichu' . 


Wykeham (Malton) 


Wicb Wyke ham ( um ) 


Saletun 


Salton 


Sale Sal ton 



38 



YOKKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Bragebi 


Brawby 


Brage Braw by 


Berg 


Barugli (Great) 


Berg Barugli 


Other Berg 


(Little) 


»» >> 


Neweton 


Newton (West) 


New ton 


Naghelton 


Nawton 


Naghel Naw ton 


Maltun 


Malton (Old) 


Mai ton 


Page lib. 






Wilbetun 


Wombleton 


Wilbe, Womble ton 


Pochelaf 


Pockley 


Poch, Pock, laf ley 


Ambreforde 


Ampleforth 


Ambre Ample forth 


Flaxtun 


Flaxton 


Flax ton 


Mortun 


Murton in Sutton 


Mor Mur ton 


Bachesbi 


Baxby 


Baches Bax by 


Carleton 


Carlton (Husthwaite) 


Carle ton, Hus 
thwaite 


Stanegrif 


Stonegrave 


Stane, Stone grif, 
grave 


Balchetorp 


Belkertliorp (now 


Balches, Belker, 




Beltborp) 


Bel, thorp 


Hamelsec 


(Gate) Helmsley 


Hamels Helms, ec, 
ley, Gate 


Wardille 


Warthill 


Ward ille Wart hill 


Careltone 


Carlton (Stockton on 


Carle ton, Stock ton 




Forest, ) 


Galtres Forest 


Marton, 


Marton, near Brid- 
lington 


Mar ton 


Stivelinctun 


Stillington 


Stivelinc, Stilling 
ton 


Haxebi 


Haxby 


Hax by 


Tolentun 


Tollerton 


Tolen, Toller ton 


Alne 


Alne 


Alne 


Hilprebi 


Helperby 


Hilper, Helper by 


Ioletune 


Youlton 


Iole Youl ton 


Turulfestorp 


Tholthorp, (de- 


Thurulfes, Thol 




populated) 


thorp 


Wipestune 




Wipes ton 


Mitune 


Myton on Swale 


Mi, My ton 


Page 12a. 






Strenshale 


Strensall 


Strens hal sail 


Touetorp 


Towthorp 


Toue Tow thorp 


Edreswic 


Ears wick 


Edres Ears wic 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



39 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Coteborne 


Corteborne, (Skelton 


Cote, Corte borne 




in Galtres,) lost 


Skelton Galtres 


West Treding West Riding 




Warnesfeld 


Warmfield 


Warnes, Warm field 


Osboldewic 


Osbaldwick 


Osbold wic 


Popletime 


Upper Poppleton 


Pople ton 


Achu' 


Aconib 


Ach, Acomb, um 


Othelai 


Otley 


Othe, Ot ley 


Stube 


Stubham (Ilkley) 


Stub Stubham, 
Ilk ley 


Middeltune 


Middleton 


Middel ton 


Den tune 


Denton 


Den ton 


Cliftun 


Clifton 


Clif ton 


Bicbertun 




Bicher ton 


Fernelai 


F am ley 


Fern, Farn ley 


Timbe 


Tiinble 


Timbe Timble 


Ectone 


Easton (East-end) 


Ec, East ton 


Pouele 


Pool 


Pouele Pool 


Gisele 


Guiseley 


Gise, Guise ley 


Henocheswrde(2 


Hawksworth 


Henoche Hawks 
worth 


Beldone 


Baildon 


Bel Bail don 


Mersintone 


Menston 


Mersing, Mens ton 


Burghelai 


Burley 


Burgh Bur ley 


Ileclive 


Ilkley 


Ilcliv ley Alicana 


Graftone 


Grafton 


Graf ton 


Page 12b. 






Oleslec 


Ulleskelf 


Oles, Ulles, lee skelf 


Ripum 


Ripon 


Rip um on 


Torp 


Little Thorp 


Thorp 


Estuinc 


(East wick ?) 


Est wine wic 


Westuic 


Westwick 


West wic 


Monucheton 


Bishop Monkton 


Monuch Monk ton 
Bishop 


Nit 


Nidd 


Nit, Nidd 


Kilingala 


Killinghall 


Kiling al hall 


Torentune 


Thornton (Bishop) 


Thorn ton, Bishop 


Sallaia 


Sawley 


Sail Saw ley 


Evestone 


Eaveston 


Eves Eaves ton 


Wifleshale 


Wilsill 


Wifles Wils hal ill 



40 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Kenaresforde Knarford or Skelden 



Grentelaia 
Erlesbolt 



Grantley 
Herleshow 



Merchintone Markington 

Aldefelt Aldfield 

Eipu' Ripon 

Estanlai (East Stainley) 

Sudton Sutton 
another Estollaia (East Stainley) 

Nordstanlaia North Stainley 

Scleneford Slenningford 



Suthewic 

Nonnewic 

Hawinc 

Hadewic 

Gherindale 

Scheldone 

Hogram 

Hottone 

Hashundebi 



Stanlai 

Page 13 a. 
Bevreli 
Schitebi 
Burton e 
Delton 
Flotemanebi 
Risbi 
Locbeton 
Ettone 
Rageneltorp 



(South wick) 

Nuirwick 

He wick (Bridge) 

„ (Copt) 
Givendale 
Skelton 
(Sutton) Howgrave 

Hutton Conyers 

Aismunderby 



Merchintone Markington 



(South) Stainley 

Beverley 

Skidby . 

(Cherry or North) B. 

Dalton (South) 

Flotmanby 

Risby 

Lockington 

Etton 

Raventhorp 



Component Parts. 
Ken ares, Knar ford 

Skelden 
Grent Grant ley 
Erles Herles holt 

how 
Merchin, Marking 

ton 
Aid field 
Rip on urn 
E. Stain ley 
Sud ton 

E. Stol Stod ley 
Nor Stan ley 
Selene Slenning 

ford 
Suth wic 
Nonne Nun wic 
Ha He wick 
Hade wic Copt 
Gherin Given dale 
Schel Skel don ton 
Ho How gram 

grave, Sut ton 
Hot Hut ton Con- 
yers 
Hashunde 

Aism under by 
Merchin Marking 

ton 
Stan Stain ley 

Bevre Bever ley 
Schit Skid by 
Bur ton Cherrv 
Del Dal ton 
Flotman by 
Ris by 

Loch Locking ton 
Et ton 

Rayenel Raven 
thorp 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



41 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Burtone 


(Bisbop or Soutb) B. 


Bur ton Bisbop 


Molescroft 


Molescroft 


Moles croft 


Calgestorp 


Kelleytborp 


Calyes Kelley tborp 


Climbicote 


Kiplingcotes 


Climbi Kipling cotes 


Middeltnn 


Middleton on Wolds 


Middel ton Wolds 


Lachinfeld 


Leckonfield 


Lachin Leckon field 


Chelcbe 


Kelk 


Cbelche Kelk 


Ghemelinge 


Gembling 


Gbeinel Gembl ing 


Rictone 


Reigbton 


Ric Reigb ton 


Page 13b. 






Gartune 


Gar ton on Wolds 


Gar ton Wolds 


Langetorp 


Lowtborp 


Lang Low tborp 


Roreston 


Huston (Parva) 


Rores Rus ton 
Parva 


Ascbeltorp 


Haistborp 


Ascbel Hais thorp 


Benedlage 


Bentley 


JLenedBent ley (lage) 


In Bevreli 


and Heldernesse 






(Holderness) 


Helder Holder ness 


W agene 


Wagben 


Wagen, Wagben 
Wawn 


Wela 


Weel 


Weel 


Ticbetone 


Tickton 


Ticb Tick ton 


Asch 


Eske 


Asch Eske 


Estoch 


(Storkbill, Beverley) 


Est ocb, Estoch, 
Stork 


Uth Hund. 


Soutb Hundred. 


Uth (South) 


Welwic 


Welwick 


Wei wic 


Wideton 


Wyton 


Wide Wy ton 


Grimestone 


Grimston (Gartb) 


Grimes Grims ton, 
Garth 


Moncwic 


Monkwick 


Monc Monk wic 


OtriDgeba' 


Ottringbam 


Otring ham 


Mith Hundret (Middle Hundred) 


Mith (Middle) 


Billetone 


Bilton 


Bille ton 


Santriburtone 


Burton (Constable) 


San tri bur ton 

Constable 


Neutone 


Newton (West) 


Neu ton 


Flintone 


Flinton 


Flin ton 


Danetorp 


Danthorp 


Dane Dan thorp 


Withfornewinc 


WitberiiYvick 


With forne Withern, 


r ' \iul ; 


■ 


wine wic 



42 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Rutha Routh 

Sudtone Sutton 

Sotecote South Coates 

Dritpol Drypool 

Nort Hundret (North Hundred) 
Coledun (Great) Golden 

Rison Rise 

Siglestorne Sigglesthorn 

Catingewic Catwick 

Brantisburton Bransburton 

Levene Leven 

Page 14a. 

Bishop of Durham's lands — 



Welleton 
Alrecher 
Walcheton 
Hundeslege 

Iugufled 
Bredingha' 

other Bretingha' 

Hode 
Clive 
Scogerbud 

Neuton 
Gerdune 



Welton 
Elleker 

Walkington 
Hunsley 

Yokefleet 
Brantingham 

Thorp 

Hotham 
(South) Cliff 
Scorbrough 

Newton or Gardham 
Gardham 



Lont Lund 

Pr'sene ? Preston 

Houedene Howden 

Hidon Hive 

Dwestorp Ousethorp, (Eastring- 

ton) 

Portiton Portington 

Chevetle Caville 

Estrincton Eastrington 



Component Parts. 
Ruth Routh 
Sud ton 
Sote Sut Cotes 
Drit Dry pol pool 
Nort North 
Cole Col dun den 
Ris Rise on (ham) 
Siggles tliorne 
Cat ing wick 
Brantis Brans bur 

ton 
Leven 



Wei ton 

Aire Elle cher ker 
Walch Walk ing ton 
Hundes Huns lege 

ley 
Iugu Yoke fled fleet 
Breding Bran ting 

ham 
Breting Branting 

ham Thorp 
Hode Hoth ham 
Clive Cliff 
Scoyer Scor bud 

brough 
Neu ton, Gard ham 
Gerd, Gird, ham 

(un) 
Lont Lund 
Pr'sen 

Houe How den 
Hid Hive on (don, 

ham) 
Dwes Ouse thorp, 

Eastr ing ton 
Porti Porting ton 
Chevetle Caville 
Eastr ing ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



4B 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Chelpin Kilpin 

Ballebi Belby 

Iucufled Yokefleet 



Component Parts. 
Chelp Kilp in 
Balle Bel bi 
Iucu, Iugu, Yoke, 
fled fleet 



Cotes 


Cotness 


Cotes Cot ness 


Saltemersc 


Saltmarsh 


Salt merse marsh 


Laxmton 


Laxton 


Lax in ton 


Scilton 


Skelton 


Scil Skel ton 


Bernehelt 


Barnhill (Howden) 


Berne Barn belt hill 


Torp 


Thorp (Howden) 


Thorp How den 


Cledinton 


Knedlington 


Cledin Knedl ing ton 


Aschilebi 


Asselby 


Aschil Assel by 


Barnebi 


Barmby on Marsh 


Barne Barm by, 
Marsh 


Babetorp 


Babthorp 


Babe Bab thorp 


Bardulbi 


Barlby 


Bardul(f), Barl by 


Richale 


Riccall 


Rich Ric al all 


Pcuje 14b. 






Hougon 


Holme on Wolds 


Houg on Holme 
Wolds 


Hotone 


Hutton Conyers 


Ho Hut ton 


Hogrem 


Hongrave 


Ho Hou grem grave 


Norton e 


Norton Conyers 


Nor ton Conyers 


Sudtone 


Sutton Hougrave 


Sud Sut ton Hou 
grave 


Hulme 


Holme in Pickhill 


Hulme Holme Pick 
hill 


Torp 


(Thorp) 


Thorp 


Creic 


Crayke 


Creic Crayke 


Sezai 


Sessay 


Sez Ses ai say 


Horebodebi 


Hornby in Smeaton 


Hor bod Horn by r 
Smea ton 


Chenevetone 


Knayton 


Chenev Knay ton 


Foustune 


Foxton in Sigston 


Fous Fox ton, 
Sigs ton 


Bruntone 


Brompton in North- 


Brun Bromp ton r 




allerton 


Aller ton 


Grisebi 


Girsby 


Grise Girs by 


Dictune 


Deighton 


Die Deigh ton 


Winetun 


Winton 


Win ton 



44 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Page 15a. 






Earl Hugh' 


s lands — 




Witebi 


Whitby 


Wit Whit by 


Sneton 


Sneaton 


Sne Snea ton 


Figelinge 


Fyling 


Fiyel Fyl ing 


Nortfigelinge 


North Fyling 


Nort 




Gnip, now Hawkes 


Ghinipe, Knype 


Ghinipe ■ 


garth or Hawsker 
Knype Howe is still 


Gnip, Hawkes garth 




named 


Haws ker 


Prestebi 


(Whitby Abbey) 


Preste by 


Ugleberdesbi 


Ugglebarnby 


Ugleberdes, Uggle 
barn by 


Sourebi 


(West Whitby) 


Soure by 


Brecca 


(near Stakesby) 


Brec Stokes ley 


Baldebi 


Baldby Fields 


Bald by Fields 


Florun 


(Flowergate, Whitby) 


Flor un (bam, 
holme), gate 


Staxebi 


Stakesby 


Stax Stakes by 


Neueba' 


Newholme 


Neu ham holme 


Loctusbuui 


Lofthouse 


Loct Loft bus hum 


Roscheltorp 




Eos chel thorp 


Hildrewelle 


Hinderwell 


Hildre, Hinder well 


Bollebi 


Boulby 


Bolle Boul by 


Esingetun 


Easington 


Es Eas ing ton tun 


Liuretun 


Li vert on 


Livre ton 


Gighesborc 


Guisborough 


Gighes Guis bore 
borough 


Roudeclif 


Rawcliff in Skelton 


Roude Raw cliff 


Upelider 


Upleatham 


Up lider leath ham 


Mersc 


Marske 


Marsk Mersk 


Westlidu' 


W. or Kirkleatham 


West, kirk lid leat 
um ham 


Leisingebi 


Lazenby 


Leising Lazen by 


Lacbebi 


Lackenby 


Lache Lacken by 


Aclum 


Acklam 


Acl Ackl um am 


Englebi 


[Barwick), Ingleby 


Engle Ingle by Bar 


€olebi 


Coulby 


W1C 

Cole Coul by 


Himeligetun 


Hemlington 


Himel Heml ing ton 


•Steintun 


Stainton 


Stein Stain ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



4& 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Torentun 


Thornton in Stainton 


Thorn ton 


Maltebi 


Maltby 


Malt by 


Englebi 


(Cold) Ingleby 


Engle Ingle by Cold 


Torroozbi 


Thornaby 


Thormoz Thorna by 


Steinesbi 


Stainsby 


Steines, Stains by 


Flaneburg 


Flaraborough 


Flane Flam burg 
borough 


Siwarbi 


Sewerby 


Siwar(d) Sewer by 


Cattune 


Catton, East Riding 


Cat tun ton 


Pcuje 15b. 






Earl Mortain's lands- 




Lid 


Lythe 


Lid Lythe 


G art on 


Garton, E. Rid 


Gar ton 


Benedlage 


Bentley, E. R. 


Bened Bent ley lage- 


Hotune 


Hutton Mulgrave 


Ho Hut ton, Mul- 
grave 


Egetune 


Egton 


Eg ton 


Grif 


Mulgrave 


Grif Mul grave 


Golborg 


Goldsborough 


Gol Golds borg 
borough 


Elwordebi 


Ellerby 


Elworde Eller by 


Michelbi 


Mickleby 


Michel Mickle by 


Bergebi 


Borrowby in Lythe 


Berge Borrow by, 
Lythe 


Roscebi 


Rousby 


Rosce Rous by 


Newetune 


Newton Mulgrave 


New ton, Mulgrave 


Asulvesby 


Aislaby 


Asulves, Aisla by 


Grimesbi 




Grimes by 


Scetun 


Seaton in Hinderwell 


See Sea ton, 
Hinder well 


Steintun 


Stainton 


Stein Stain ton 


Page lQa. 






Morehusu' 


Moorsholme (Great) 


More Moor hus 
holme (um) 


other , , 


(Little) 


» ? j? 


Torpe 


Kilton Thorp 


Kil ton Thorpe 


Chiltun 


Kilton 


Chil Kil ton 


Broctune 


Brotton 


Broc Brot ton 


Mersc 


Marske 


Mersc Marske 


Scheltun 


Skelton 


Schel Skel ton 


Ghigesburg 


Guisbrough 


Ghiges Guis burg 
brough 



n; 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 

Middeltone 

Hotun 

Toscotun 
Westlidun 

Widtune 

Lacbenebi 

Astune 

Normanebi 

Bernodebi 

Atun 

Pmje 16b. 
Seiners 
Tametun 
Hiltun 
Middeltun 
Fostun 

Carletun 
Hotun 
Rodebi 
Codresebef 

Blatun 

Wirveltune 
Goutun 
Gratome 
Magna Broctun 

Cloetone 

Stemanesbi 

Wallesgrif 

Loctemersc 

Chigogesniersc 

Habetun 
Ne\v< Im-u' 



Modern. 
Middleton 
Hutton Lowcross 

Toeketts 

West i Kirk) Leatham 

Wilton 

Lackenby 

Eston 

Normanby 

Barnaby 

( treat Ayton 

Searner 

Tan ton 

Hilton 

Middleton 

Foxton in Cratborn 

Carlton 
Hutton Rudby 
Rudeby 
Scutterskelf 

Blater Carr, Busby 

Wborlton 

Goulton 

Crathorne 

< rreat Brougbton 

Clougbton 

Falsgrave 

Loft Marisbes 

(?)Pickering Marisbes 

Habton 

New sham, Appletou 
le street 



Component Parts. 

Middel ton 

Ho Hut ton Low 

cross 
Tosco Toek etts tun 
West, Kirk lid leat 

un ham 
Wid Wil ton 
Lacben by 
As Es ton 
Norman by 
Bernod Barna by 
A Ay ton 

Se Sea mer 
Tame Tan ton 
Hil ton 
Middel ton 
Fos Fox ton, Cra 

thorn 
Carle ton 

Ho Hut ton. Rud by 
Rode Rud by 
Codre Scutter scbef 

skelf 
1 >la 1 ilater ton Carr 

Bus by 
Wirvel Whorl ton 
(Ion Goul ton 
Gra Cra tborne 
Broc Brougb ton 

Magna 
Cloc Clougb ton 
Stemans by 
Walles Fals grif 

-r;i\ I 

Loct Loft mersc 

marisbes 
Cbigoges morse, 

Picker ing 
Babe Hab ton 
NVw bus ma ham 

street 



PLACE NAMES, lOtSIJ. 



17 



Domesday, 108ti. Modern. 

Maltun Malton (Old) 

Oswaldescheroa Oswaldkirk 



Soaltun 
Pochelac 
Bodlum 
Harum 

Calvetun 
Scachelden 

Bartone 
Fademora 
Noningtune 
Selungesbi 

Page 17a. 
Tilstun 

Elmeslae 

Fritun 

Coletun 

Bodlun 

Bolemere 

Stidnun 



Scawton 

Pockley 

Beadlam 

Harome 

Cawton 

Skackleton 

Barton le street 
Fadmoor 
Nunnington 
Slinesby 



Helmsley 

Fryton 

Colton, Hovingham 

Beadlam 
Bulmer 

Stittenham 



Component Parts 
Mai ton 
Oswaldes church 

kirk 
Seal Scaw ton 
Poch Pock lac ley 
Bodl Beadl run am 
Har urn ome 
Calve Caw ton 
Scachel Skackle den 

ton 
Bar ton street 
Fade Fad mor moor 
Noning Nunning ton 
Belunges Slings by 



Stilton, Helmsley Tils Stil ton Helms 



Elmes Helms lac 

Fri Fry ton 

Cole Col ton, Hov- 

ing ham 
Bodl Beadl am im 
Bole Bui mere mer 
Stidn Stitten ham 



Hotun 

Wellebrune 

Gameltorp 

Teurintone 

Wichingastorp 



Sheriff Hutton 
Welburn 
G an thorp 
Terrington 
Wiganthorp 



Coungestorp Coneysthorp 



Scoxebi 

Martini 

Ferlintun 

Fornetorp 

Corlebroc 

Lilinga 
Torentun 



Skewsby 

Marton on Forest 
Farlington 
? Towthorpe 
Cornbrough 

West Lilling 
Thornton le Clay 



Ho Hut ton Sheriff 
Well bran burn 
Camel Clan thorp 
Teurin Terring ton 
Wichingas Wigan 

thorp 
Couneys, Coneys 

thorp 
Scox Skews by 
Mar ton Forest 
Fer Far Lin ton 
Forne Tow thorp 
Corle Corn broc 

brough 
Lil in g Billing 
Thorn ton Clay 



48 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Claxtorp Claxton 

Hamelsec Over Heluisley 



Lilinga 
Boleber 

Page 17 b. 
Cram bom 
Bartun 
Wardhilla 
Witeuella 
Huntindune 
Luctone 
Warvelestorp 
Mitune 
Adewerca 
Bracheberc 

Chelvinctune 

Lece 

Bratfortune 

Chelvinctune 

Upsale 

Hundulftorp 



East Lilling 
Bulmer 

Cram be 

Barton le Willows 

Warthill 

Whitwell 

Huntington 

Youlton 

Myton on Swale 

Aldwark 

Breckenbrough 

North Kilvington 

Leake 

Brafferton 

South Kilvington 

Upsall 

?Thornbrough 



[East Riding.] 



Cave 

Umlouebi 
Ferebi 
Settone 

Pcuje 18a. 
Hode 
Welleton 
Actun 
Spellinton 
Wilgetot 
Fulcartorp 
Ladone 
Cotewid 

Bretingha' 



South Cave 
Anlaby 

North Ferriby 
Seaton Boss 

Hotham 

Welton 

Aughton 

Spaldington 

Willitoft 

Foggathorp 

Laytham 

West Cottingwith 

Brantingham 



Component Parts. 
Clax thorp ton 
Hamels ec, Helms 

ley 
Lil ing 
Bole Bui ber mer 

Cramb om 
Bar ton Willows 
Ward Wart hill 
Wit Whit well 
Hunt ing dune ton 
Luc Youl ton 
W'arvels thorp 
Mi My ton Swale 
Ade Aid were wark 
Brach Brecken berc 

brough 
Chelvinc,Kilving ton 
Lece Leak 
Brat Braf fer ton 
Chelvinc Kilving ton 
Up sail 
Hundulf thorp, 

Thornbrough 

Cave 

Umlou Anla by 
Fere Ferri by 
Set Sea ton Ross 

Hode Hot ham 
Well ton 
Ac Augh ton 
Spell Spald ing ton 
Wilye Willi tot toft 
Fulcar Fogga thorp 
La Layt, don ham 
Cote Cott ing wid 

with 
Breting Branting 

ham 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



49 



Domesday, 1086. 

Toschetorp 

Cotewid 



Modern. 
East Cottingwith 



Sud Dufelt (bis) South Duffield 



Houeden (bis) 
Dufelt (bis) 
Clive 

Ansgotesbi (bis) 
Gudmundha' 
Estorp 

Cliinbicote 
Middeltune (bis) 
Drifelt (bis) 
Page 18b. 
Alvengi 
Elreton 
Actun 
Ascbilebi 
Wattune 
Chile wid 
Basewic 
Lecheton 
Welletun (bis) 
Warte 
Ach 

Steintorp 
Etton 
Lachinfelt 



Howden 
North Duffield 
Long Cliff 
Osgodby 
Goodmanharn 
Easthorp in Londesbro 

Kiplingcotes 
Middleton on Wolds 
Great Driffield 

Kirk Ella 

Ellerton 

Aughton 

Asselby 

Watton 

Kilnwick 

Beswick 

Lockington 

Welton 

Warter 

Aike 

(Stein-thorp) 

Etton 

Leckonfield 



Ragheneltorp Raventhorp 



Page 19a. 
Burton 

Grimestone 



Cherry (North) Burton 
Grimston in Dunning- 
ton 
Drifel Hund'. Driffield Hundred 
Cranzvic Cranswick 

Hotone Hutton 

Nessvinc Neswick 



Component Parts. 
Tosche thorp 
Cote Cot ing wid 

with 
Sud Du Duf felt 

field 
Hou How den 
Du Duf felt field 
Clive Cliff 
Ansgotes Osgod by 
Gudmund ham 
Es Eas thorp Londes 

bro' 
Climbi Kipling cotes 
Middel ton Wolds 
Dri Drif felt field 

Alvengi Ella Kirk 

Eire Eller ton 

Ac Augh ton 

Aschil Assel by 

Wat ton 

Chil Kiln wid wic 

Base Bes wic 

Lech Locking ton 

Well ton 

Warte, Warter 

Ach Aike 

Stein thorp 

Et ton 

Lachin Leckon felt 

field 
Raghenel Raven 

thorp 

Bur ton Cherry 
Grims ton Dunning- 

ton 
Dri fel Drif field 
Cranz wic 
Ho Hut ton 
Ness vine wic 



50 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Neuson Newsham in Leckon- Neus ham Leckon- 

field field 

Bagenton Bainton Bayen Bain ton 

Warte Hund' Warter Hundred Wart, Warter 
Dalton North Dalton Dal ton 

Poclinton Hund' Pocklington Hundred Poc ling ton 
Sudtone Sutton on Derwent Sud Sut ton, Der 

went 

jHuntov Hund' ...Hundred Hunt ou A tumulus in a field 

near Bridlington 
Siwardbi Sewerby 

Martun Marton 

Bretlinton Bridlington 

Frestintorp Fraisthorp 

Bouinton Boynton 

Specton Speeton 

Bocheton Buckton 

Bentone Bempton 

Bringeha' Brigham 

f Burton Hund' Burton Hundred 
Kodestan Rudston 

fToRBAR-HuND' Hundred 

Gartune Garton on Wolds 

Bigneton Binnington 

Scard Hund' Hundred 

Briteshala Birdsall 



Si ward Sewer by 

Mar ton 

Bretl Brid ling ton 

Fres, Frais in thorp 

Bouin Boyn thorp 

Spec Spee ton 

Boche Buck ton 

Ben Bemp ton 

Bring Brig ham 

Bur ton 

Rode Rud stan 

Tor bar 

Gar ton Wolds • 

Bigne Binning ton 

Scard 

Brites Birds hal all 



[Dickering Wapentake Dicker ing Wapen tac] 
Page 19b. 

Wharram le Street 



Warham 

Touetorp 

Huson (bis) 
Scachetorp 



Towthorp, Wharram 

Percy 
Howsham 
Scagglethorp 



Mennistorp Menethorp 

Renliton Rillington 

Chercan Kirkham 

Hacle Hund'. Acklam Hundred 
Aclun Acklam 



War, Whar ham 

Street 
T'oue Tow thorp 

Percy 
Hus Hows ham on 
Scache Scaggle 

thorp 
Mennis Mene thorp 
Renli Rilling ton 
Cherc Kirk ham an 
Hacle Ackl am 
Acl am un 



+ Huntou, Burton, Torbar, form Dickering Wapentake. 



PLACE NAVIES, 1086. 



51 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Barcbertorp Barthorp 

Huson Howshain 

Sudnicton 

Cherca' Kirkham 

Xistendale Thixendale 

Toreshov Hund'. Hundred 

Turgislebi Thirkleby(Grindalythe) 

Cbircbebi Kirkby Grindalytbe 



Muletorp 

Page 20a. 
Slidemare 



Mowtborpi Grindalytbe; 
Mule thorp 



Sledmere 



Crogun Croom 

West reding West Riding. 
Hardinctone Artbington 

Adele Adel, Addle 

Cucberic Cookridge 

Burgbeduru' Burdon Head ? 

Ecbope Eccup 

BARCHE STONE WAPENTAC 



Cliford 


Clifford 


Bramba' 


Brambam 


Monechet 

Toglestun 


(Monkton) 
Toulston 


Ocelestorp 
Page 20b. 


Ogletborp 


Niweton 


Newton Kyme 


[Strafordes Wapentac. St: 


Estorp 
Doncastre 


Hextborp 
Doncaster 


Wermesford 


Warrnswortb 


Ballebi 
Geuresbale 


Balby 
Loversall 



Component Parts. 
Barcber, Bar tborp 
Hus Hows bam on 
Sud nic (knight) 

ton 
Cberc Kirk bam 
Xisten Tbixen dale 
Tores bou 
Turgisle Thirkle by 
Cbircbe Kirkby 

Grin dalytbe 
Mule, a man's name 

then 

Slide Sled mare 

mere 
Crog Croom un 

Hardinc,Arthing ton 
Adel (Addle) Ade '1 
Cucb Cook ric ridge 
Burgh Bur dur don 

urn 
Ecb Ec hope up 
Barcb Bark stone 

Wapen tac 
Clif ford 
Bram ham 
Monech Monk ton 
Toyles Touls ton 
Oceles Ogles tborp 



Niwe New ton Kyme 
Wapentake] Straf 

forth 
Es Hex thorp 
Don castre 
Wermes Worms 

ford worth 
Ball Bal by 
Geures Lovers bal 

all sail 



no 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Scitelesworde 


Littleworth 


Oscitles Little 
worth 


Oustrefeld 


Austerfield 


Oustre Auster feld 
field 


Alcheslei 


Auckley 


Alches Auck ley 


Marra 


Marr 


Marr 


Barnebi 


Barnby upon Don 


Barn by Don 


Sandala 


Long Sandal 


Sand al dal 


Hotone 


Hooton Levet 


Ho Hoo ton Levet 


Rodreham 


Rotherham 


Rodre Rother ham 


Hotone - 


Hooton Pagnell 


Ho Hoo ton Paynell 


Bileham 


Bilham 


Bil ham 


Page 21a. 






Brodesworde 


Brodsworth 


Brods worth 


Picheburne 


Pickburn 


Piche Pick burn 


Tatewic 


Todwick 


Tate Tod wic 


Haltun 


Great Houghton 


Hal Hough ton 


Ternuso 


Thurnscoe 


Tern Thurn use scoe 


Dictenebi 


Deigbtonby 


Die Deigh ton by 


Claitone 


Clayton in the Clay 


Clai Clay ton 


Stotfalde 


Stotfold 


Stot falde fold 


Sceptone 


Sliafton 


Seep Shaf ton 


Widestan 


Wbis ton 


Wide Whis stan ton 


Handeswrde 


Handsworth 


Hands worth 


Trectone 


Treeton 


Tree Tree ton 


Hacstone 


Aughton in Aston 


Hac Augh stone ton 

As ton 


Page 21b. 






E stone 


Aston 


Es As ton 


Walise 


Wales 


Walise Wales 


Olleie 


Ulley 


01 Ul ley 


Brantone 


Brampton-en-le- 


Bran Bramp ton 




Morthing 


Morthen 


Watelage 


Wlieatloy, Doncaster 


Wate Wheat laye ley 


Langetouft 


Langthwaite 


Lang touft thwaite 


Scinestorp 


Skintliorp,(Cusworth) 


Seines Skin thorp, 
Cus worth 


Donecastre 


Doncaster 


Don castre 


Benedleia 


Bentley, near Arksey 


Bened, Bentley, 
Arksey 


Langetouet 


Langthwait 


Lang tovt thwaite 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



53 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Adewic Adwick le Street 

Sandalia Long Sandal 

OsGOTCROS WAPENTAC 

Adewic Adwick le Street 

Marra Man 

Staincross Wapentac 
Pillei Pilley 

Page 22a. 
Tancresleia Tankersley 

Wrleia Wortley 

Ainesti Wapentac 
Torp Pallethorp 

Borghescire Wapentac. 



Component Parts 
Ade wic street 
Sand al dal 
Os gold cross 
Ad wick street 
Marr 

Stain cross 
Pil ley 



Ulsigouere 
Gemunstorp 



Hunsingore 



Tancres lev 
Wr, Wort "ley 
Ains ty 
Palle thorp 
Claro Wapentake Clar o Borgh 
scire 

Ulsiff, Hunsing oure 



Ingm an thorp 



Gemuns Ingman 
thorp 
Halichelde Wapentac, Hallikeld Wap. Halli keld 



Givendale 



Cundel (bis) 

Nortone 

Ledebi 

Branstone 

Goindel 

Staneleia 

Danefelt 

Caldewelle 

hage 22b. Blank. 

Page 23a. 

Land of Count Alan. 



Cundall Cun del dall 

Norton le Clay Nor ton Clay 

Leckby Lede Leek by 

Brampton, Kirkby Hill Brans Bramp ton 



Ghellinghes 

Herfort (bis) 

Neuton 

Cudton 

Cudton (bis) 

Argun 

Hale 

Staplendun 

Forset 

Bereford 

Moltun 

Barton 



Gilling 
Hartforth 
Newton Morell ? 
Cowton N. or S. 

Ery holme 

Healaugh ? 

Stapleton 

Forset 

Barforth 

Moulton 

Barton 



Goine del 
Stane ley 
Dane felt 
Cald well 



Ghellinghes Gill ing 
Her Hart furt forthe 
Neu ton Morell 
Cud Cow ton 

)» > > 

Arg Ery holme un 
Hale Heal augh 
Staple dun ton 
Fors et (head) 
Bere Bar forth 
Mol ton 
Bar ton 



54 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts, 


Aplebi 


Eppleby 


Aple Epple by 


Clive 


Cliff on Tees 


Clive Cliff Tees 


Cartun 


? Carlton 


Car Carl ton 


Ulfeton 


Ovington 


Ulfe Ov ing ton 


Gerlinton 


Girlington 


Ger lin Girl ing ton 


Witclive 


Wyoliffe 


Wit Wy clive cliffe 


Torp 


Thorp, near Wycliffe 


Thorp 


Mortha' 


Mortham 


Mort ham 


Eghistun 


Eggleston 


Eghis Eggles ton 


Bringhenale 


Brignall 


Bringhen Brign all 


Scracreghil 


Scargill 


Scracre Scar gill 


Berningha' 


Barningham 


Berning Barning 
ham 


Lastun 


West Layton 


Las Lay ton 


Latton 


East Layton 


Lat Lay ton 


Stenweghes 


Stanwick 


Sten weghes Stan 
wic 


the other Sten 


St an wick 


»> »> >» 


weghe 






Mannefelt 


Manfield 


Manne felt field 


Hottun 


Great Hutton 


Hot Hut ton 


Page 23b. 






Middeltun 


Middleton Tyas 


Middel ton Tyas 


Naton 


Kneeton 


Na Knee ton 


Staplendun 


Stapleton 


Staplen Staple dun 
ton 


Berningha' 


Barningham 


Berning Barning 
ham 


Latton 


East Layton 


Lat Lay ton 


Stenwege 


Stanwick 


Sten weye Stan 
wick 


Dirneshala 


Over Dinsdale 


Dimes Dins hal 
dale 


Smetton 


Great Smeaton 


Smet Smea ton 


Langeton 


Langton on Swale 


Lang ton Swale 


Page 24a. 






Caldewelle 


Caldwell 


Cald well 


Aldeburne 


Aldbrough 


Aid burn brough 


Cartun 


Carlton in Stanwick 


Car Carl ton Stan 
wick 


Clesbi 


Cleasby 


Cles Cleas by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



55 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Crofst 


Croft 


Croft 


Torp 


Thorp in Wycliffe 


Thorp 


Stradford 


Startforth 


Strad Start forth 


Hindrelac 


(now Richmond) 


Hindre lacRichniond 


Asebi 


Easby 


Ase Eas by 


Brunton 


Brunton 


Brun ton 


Schirebi 


Skeeby 


Schire Skee by 


Neutone 


Newton Morell 


Neu ton Morell 


Page 24b. 






Boletone 


Bolton on Swale 


Bol ton Swale 


Chipeling 


Kiplin 


Chipel, Kipl, Kip 
ling ing 


Langeton 


Little Langton 


Lang ton 


Fleteha' (bis) 


Fleetham 


Flete Fleet ham 


Tirnetoste 


Thirntoft 


Thirn toft 


Morton (bis) 


Morton on Swale 


Mor ton Swale 


Solberge 


Sowber Hill 


Sol Sow berg ber 
hill 


Mannebi 


Maunby 


Manne Maun Magna 

by 


Alreton 


North-allerton 


Aire ton 


Cbirchebi 


Kirkby Wiske 


Chirch Kirk by 
Wiske 


Page 25a. 






Alreton 


Ellerton on Swale 


Aire Eller ton Swale 


Eiford 


Yafforth 


Ei Ya Y T af forth 


Andrebi 


Ainderby Steeple 


Andre Ainder by 
Steeple 


Alreton 


North-allerton 


Alfre Aller ton 


Warlavesbi 


Warlaby 


Warlaves, Warla by 


Danebi 


Danby Wiske 


Dane Dan by W ? iske 


Cottune 


South Cowton ? 


Cot Cow ton 


Lontune 


L on ton 


Lon ton 


Micleton 


Mickleton 


Mickle ton 


Rumoldescherce 


Rornaldkirk 


Rumoldes Romald 
cherc kirk 


Page 25b. 






Hundredestoit 


Hunderthwaite 


Hundreds Hunder 
toit thwaite 


Lertinton 


Lartington 


Lertin Lart ing ton 


Codrestune 


Cotherston 


Codres Cothers ton 



56 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Rochebi 


Rokeby 


Roch Roke by 


Broctun 


Broughton Lythe 


Broc Brough ton 
Lythe 


Neuhuson 


Newsham in K. 
Ravensworth 


New hus ham on 


Daltun 


Dalton ,, 


Dal ton 


other Daltun 


> » 


,, ,, Ravens worth 


Ravenswet 


Ravensworth 


Ravens wet worth 


Malsenebi 


Melsonby 


Malsen Melson by 


Dirdreston 


Didderston Grange 


Dirdres Didders ton 
grange 


Ghellinges 


Gilling 


Ghellinges Gill ing 


Scortone 


Scorton 


Scor ton 


Page 26a. 






Catrice 


Catterick 


Cat ric 


Chiluordebi 


Killerby Hall 


Chiluord Killer by 


Endrebi (bis) 


Ainderby Myers 


Endre Aindre by 
Myers 


Tunestale (bis) 


Tunstall 


Tun stall 


Chirchebi 


Kirkby Fleetham 


Chirch Kirk by 
Fleet ham 


Fleteha' 


Fleetham 


Fleet ham 


Fencotes 


Fencotes 


Fen cotes 


Hasse 


Aske 


Hasse Ask 


Page 26b. 






Scuruetone 


Scruton 


Scurue Scru ton 


Langetorp 


Langthorne 


Lang thorp thorn 


Acheford 


Hackforth 


Ache Hack forth 


Hornebi 


Hornby 


Horn by 


Heltebi 


Little Holtby 


Helt Holt by 


Apeltun 


Appleton (E., W.) 


Apel Apple ton 


Bore 


Brough 


Bore Brough 


Corburne 


Colburn 


Cor Col burn 


Hiplewelle 


Hipswell 


Hiple Hips well 


Scottune 


Scotton 


Scot ton 


Page 27a. 






Hudreswelle 


Hudswell 


Hudres Huds well 


Hindrelache 


(now Richmond) 


Hindre lach, Rich- 
mond 


Dune 


Downholme 


Dune Down holme 


Elreton 


Ellerton Abbey 


Eire Eller ton Abbey 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



57 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Mange 


Marrick 


Mange Mar rick 


Grinton 


Grinton 


Grin ton (Crin, 
landowner) 


Fremington 


Fremington 


Frem ing ton 


Eie 


Reeth 


Rie Reeth 


Dentone 




Den ton 


Borch 


Brough 


Borch Brough 


Fors 


Force 


Fors Force Foss 


Ascnc 


Askrigg 


Ask ric rig 


Werton 


Worton 


AVer Wor ton 


Page 27b. 






Toreton 


Thornton Rust 


Thorn ton Rust 
(Turot the owner) 


Echescard 


Aysgarth 


Eches Ays card 
garth 


Crocsbi 




Crocs by 


Turoldesbi 


Thoralby 


Thurolds Thoral by 


Burton (bis) 


West Burton 


Bur ton 


Ecinton 




Ecin ton 


Chirprebi 


Carperby 


Chirper Car per by 


Bodelton 


Bolton Castle 


Bodel Bol ton 


other Bodelton 


,, West, or Low 


> » »» 


Toresbi (bis) 


Thoresby 


Tores Thores by 


Rideruare 


Redmire 


Ride Red (Reed) 
rnare mire 


Prestun 


Preston under Scar 


Prest ton Scar 


Witun (bis) 


Witton (West & East) 


Wit Wi ton 


Pa f/e 28a. 






"Wendreslaga 


W T ensley 


Wendres Wens lay 
ley 

5 J 5 » 


other ,, 


>5 


Carleton 


Carlton in Coverdale 


Carle ton Cover dale 


Scraftun 


Scrafton 


Scraf ton 


Melmerbi • 


Melmerby 


Mel mer by 


Aculestorp 


Agglethorp 


Acules Aggie thorp 


Caldeber 


Caldbergh 


Cald ber bergh 


Covreha 


Coverham 


Cover ham 


Medelai 


Middleham 


Mede lai Middle ham 


Leborne 


Ley burn 


Le Ley borne burn 


Hernebi 


Harnby 


Hern Harn by 



58 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Page 28b. 






Speningetorp 
Danebi 


Spennithorne 
Danby in Thornton 


Spening Spenni 

thorp thorne 
Dane Dan by, 




Steward 


Thorn ton 


Belgebi 
Bernedan 


Bellerby 
Barden 


Beige, Beller by 
Bern Bar dan den 


Hauocswelle 


Hauxwell (E.) 


Hauocs Haux well 


other ,, 
Gerdestone 


... (W.) 

Garriston 


Gerdes Garris ton 


Bortone 


Burton Constable 


Bor Bur ton 

Constable 


Tornentone (bis) 


Thornton Steward 


Thorn ton Steward 


A scam 


(under Witton) 


Asc am Wit Wi ton 


Ellintone 


Ellington 


Ellin Elling ton 


Page 29 a. 






Siwartorp 
Massan (bis) 


Mash am 


Siwar(d) thorp 
Mass Mas ham an 


Sudtone (bis) 


High Sutton 


Sud Sut ton 


Federbi 
Hilchetun 


Fearby 
Ilton 


Feder Fear by 
Hilch 11 ton 


Tuislebroc 




Twisle broc 


Suinton 


Swinton 


Suin Swin (Sweyn) 
ton 


Clifton 


Clifton on Ure 


Clif ton Urc 


Welle 


Well 


Well 


Bur tone 


High Burton 


Bur ton 


Opetone 
Achebi 


Aikbar ? 


Op ton 

Ach Ack by bar 


Page 29b. 






Fredebi 
Bedale 


Firby 
Bedale 


Frede Fir by 
Be dale 


Ecliescol 


Aiskew in Masham 


Eches col Ais kew, 
Mas ham 


Borel 


Burrill in Witton 


Borel Burr ill W 7 it 
ton 


Torre ton 


Thornton Watlas 


Torre Thorn ton 


Wadles 


Watlas 


Wadles Wat las 


Torp 
Torneton 


Thorp Perrow, in Well 
Thornton 


Thorp Perrow, Well 
Thorn ton 


Thirne 


Thirn 


Thirn 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



59 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Eocuid Rookwith 

Hotun Hutton Hang 

Finegala Fingall 

Page 30a. 
Risewic 
Neuton 
Huntone 
Heslintone 
Bruntone 



Crachele 
Tanefeld 

Page 30b. 
other Tanefeld 
Opsala 
Hograve 
Sudtone 
Wat 

Malrnerbi 
Middeltun 

Clierdinton 
Gernuic 

Normanebi 
Caretorp 

Page 31a. 
Brennigston 
Eston 
Aschilebi 
Neutone 
Gbetenesbi 
Ounesbi 
Suanebi • 

Herlevestorp 

Sevenetorp 
Picala (bis) 
Senerebi 



Ruswick 

Newton le Willows 

Hunton 

Hesselton 

Brompton Patrick 

Crakeball 
East Tanfield 

West Tanfield 

Upsland 

Hougrave 

Sutton Hougrave 

Watb 

Melmerby 

Middleton Quernhowe 

Kirklington 
Yarn wick 



Cartborp 

Burneston 
(Tbeakston) 
Exilby 

Newton Picot 
Gatenby 

Swainby 

Allertborp in Burnes- 
ton 

Pickbill 

tSinderby 



Component Parts. 
Roc Rook uid with 
Ho Hut ton Hang 
Fin gal 

Ris Rus wic 
Neu ton Willows 
Hun ton 

Hesl in Hessel ton 
Brun Bromp ton 

Patrick 
Crach Crake hall 
Tan field 



Op sal Ups land 
Ho Hou grave 
Sud Sut ton 
Wat Watb 
Mai Mel mer by 
Middle ton Quern 

how 
Cherd Kirk ling ton 
Gernan then owner, 

Gern, Yarn, wic 
Norman by 
Car thorp 

Brennigs Burnes ton 
Es Theaks ton 
Aschil Exil by 
Neu ton Picot 
Ghetens Gaten by 
Ounes by 
Suan Swain (Sweyn) 

by 

Herlevs, Aller thorp 

Burneston 
Seven thorp (Swen) 
Pic al hill 
Sener Sinder bv 



tfO 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Aiendrebi 


Ainderby Quernbow 


Aiendre Ainder 
Andrew by 
Quern bow 


Hou 


Howe 


Hou Howe 


Baldrebi 


Baldersby 


Baldre Balders by 


Asebi 


Asenby 


Ase Asen by 


Keineton 


Rainton 


Rein Rain ton 


Westreding, West Riding. 




Ascam 


Askbam Bryan 


Asc bam am Bryan 


Ovretun 


Overton (Nortb Riding) 


Over ton 


Scbeltun 


Skelton ,, 


Scbel Skel ton 


Acastre 


Acaster Selby 


A castre, Acas tre, 
Sel by 


Stocbetun 


Stockton on Forest 


Stocbe Stock ton 




(N.R.) 


Forest 


Foleforde 


Fulford (E.R.) 


Fole Ful ford 


Steflingefled 


Stillingfleet (E.R.) 


Stefl ing Stilling 
fled fleet 


Page 31b. 






Cliftune (bis) 


Clifton, York 


Clif ton 


EsTREDING, 


East Riding. 




Fuleforde 


Fulford 


Ful ford 


Ascn 


Escrick 


Asc Esc ri ric 


Cbetelstorp 




Cbetels tborp 


Languelt 


Langwitb 


Lang uelt with 


Cbelcbefeld 


Kelfield 


Cbelcb Kel field 


Morebi 


Moreby 


More by 


Distone 


Deigbton 


Dis Deigb ton 


NORTREDING 


, Nortb Riding. 




Fostun 


Foston in Bulmer 


Fos ton Bui mer 


Teurinctune 


Terrington 


Teurinc Terring ton 


Torentune 


Tbornton le Clay 


Tborn ton Clay 


Huntmdune 


Huntington 


Hunt ing dune ton 


Flaxtune 


Flax ton 


Flax ton 


Page 32, blan 


k. 




Page S3 a. 






Land of Robert de Todeni. 




Daltone 


Nortb Dalton 


Dal ton 


Naborne 


Nab urn 


Na borne burn 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



61 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Land of Berengarh de Todeni. 
In Nort Treding, North Ridine 



Component Parts. 



Chirchebi 


Kirkby Misperton 


Chirch Kirk by 
Misper ton 


other Chirchebi 


Kirkby Moorside 


Chirch Kirk by 
Moorside 


Lestingeham 


Lastingham 


LestingLasting ham 


Span tun 


Spaunton 


Span Spaun ton 


Dalbi 


Dalby in Buhner 


Dal by Bui mer 


Fornetorp 




Forne thorp 


Page 33b. 






Bran tun 


Brompton in Pickering 


Brun Bromp ton, 




Lythe 


Lythe 


Leidtorp 




Leid thorp 


Sevenictun 


Sinnington 


Sevenic Sinning ton 


Hotun 


High Hutton, or 
Hutton Bardolf 


Ho Hut ton Bardolf 


Hildreschelf 


Hinderskelfe, now 


Hildres Hinder skelf 




Castle Howard 


Castle Howard 


Atun 


East Ay ton 


A Ay ton 


Newetun 


Newton in Pickering 


New ton Picker ing 


Snechintun 


Snainton 


Snechin Snain ton 


Parva Mersc 


Little Mareis Yeding- 


Parva Mersc Mareis 




ham 


Yedingham 


Torentun 


Thornton Dale 


Thornton dale 


Martun 


Marton in Sinnington 


Mar ton, Sinning ton 


Broctun 


Broughton in Appleton 
le Street 


Broc, Brough ton 


Horn 


South Holme 


Horn Holme 


Oswaldescherca 


Oswaldkirk 


Oswalds cherc kirk 


Teurinctun 


Terrington 


Teurinc Terring ton 


Wichmgastorp 


Wiganthorp 


Wichingas Wigan 
thorp 


Micheledestun 


Great Edston 


Mickle Edes ton 


Parva Edestun 


Little Edston 


_L arva , , , , 


Page 34a. (Page 34b. blank.) 




Nageltone 


Nawton 


Nayel Naw ton 


Siverinctun 


Sinnington 


Siverinc Sinning ton 


Wellebrune 


Welburn 


Well brun burn 


Waletune 




Wale ton 


Harun 


Harome 


Har Har un ome 



62 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Westreding West Riding. 



Component Parts. 



Westone 


Weston 


West ton 


Ascvid 


Ask with 


Asc vid with 


Crave: — 


Craven : — 


Craven 


Neutune 


Bank Newton 


New ton Bank 


Broctune 


Broughton 


Broc Brough ton 


EsTREDING 


East Riding. 




Bochetone 


Buckton 


Boche Buck ton 


Unglesbi 


Uncleby 


Ungles Uncle by 


Cogrun 


Croom 


Cogr Croom un 


Colnun 


Cowlam 


Coin Cowl am un 


Mennistorp 


M en e thorp 


Mennis Mene thorp 


Sendriton 


Settrington 


Sendri Settring ton 


Difgelibi 


Duggleby 


Difgel Duggle by 


Higrefelt 


(Heathfield, Bewerley 


Higre Heath felt 




W. R.? ) 


field Bewer ley 


Bergetorp 


Burythorp 


Berge Bury thorp 


Land of Ilbert de Laci. 




Page 35a. 






Westreding, Siraches Wapentac, 


Skirack Wapentake. 






Skire ack. 


Chipesch 


Kippax 


Chip Kip esch ax 


Ledestune 


Ledston 


Ledes Leds ton 


Alretune 


Allerton Bywater 


Aire Aller ton 
Bywater 


Prestune 


Preston, Kippax 


Prest ton, Kippax 


Suilligtune 


Swill ington 


Suillig Swilling ton 


Gereforde (bis) 


Garforth 


Gere Gar forth 


Sceltune 


Skelton, Leeds 


Skel Seel ton, Leeds 


Caldecotes 


Coldcotes 


Cald Cold cotes 


Colletun 


Colton in Whitkirk 


Coll ton, Whit kirk 


Ossetorp 


Austhorpe 


Osse Aus thorp 


Mainestune 


Mans ton 


Maines Mans ton 


Chidal 


Kiddal 


Chid Kid dal, al 


Potertun 


Potterton 


Potter ton 


Chipertun 


Gipton 


Chiper Gip ton 


Perlinct'une 


Parlington 


Perlinc Parling ton 


Cuford 


Cuforth near Becca 


Cu forth Becca 


Suillictun 


Swilhngton 


Suillic Swilling ton 


Scipen 


Shippen in Barwick 


Scipen Shippen 




in Elmete 


Bar wick Elmete 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



63 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Stretune (bis) 


Sturton Grange, 


Stre Stur ton 




Aberford 


Grange Aber ford 


Ledes 


Leeds 


Ledes Leeds 


Hedingeleia 


Headingley 


Heding Head ing ley 


Saxtun 


Saxton 


Sax ton 


Page 35b. 






Chidale 


Kiddal 


Chid Kid dale 


P'tilinctun 


Parlington 


Prtilinc Parling ton 


Halletuue 


Halton 


Hall ton 


Sacroft 


Seacroft 


Sa Sea croft 


Torneure 


Thorner 


Thorn ure er 


Bretebi 


(Birkby Hill, Thorner) 


Brete Birk by hill 


Watecroft 




Wate croft 


Alretun 


(Chapel?) Allerton 


Aire Aller ton 
Chapel 


Cipetun 


Gipton 


Cipe Gip ton 


Coletun 


Colton 


Cole ton 


Neuhusu' 


Temple Newsam 


Temple Neu bus 
am um 


Torp 


Thorp Stapleton 


Thorp Staple ton 


Snitertun 


(not Priesthorpe in 
Bingley as supposed) 


Suiter tun 


Lied 


Lede 


Lied Lede 


Page 36a. 






Burton e 


Burton Hall 


Bur ton 


Bretone 


Brayton 


Bre Bray ton 


Torp 


Thorp Willough by 


Thorp Willough by 


Hunchilhuse 


(?Huddleston) 


Hunchil hus, 




Hunchil, owner 


Huddles ton 


Barcbestun 


Barkston 


Bardies Barks ton 


Fentun 


Church Fenton 


Fen ton Church 


Rie 


Ryther 


Rie Ry the* 


Hameltun 


Hambleton 


Hamel Hamble ton 


Berchinge 


Birkin 


Berch Birk ing 


Esneid 


Snaith 


E sneid, Snaith 


Niweton 


Newton Wallis 


Niwe New ton 
Wallis 


Fareburne 


Fairburn 


Fare Fair burne 


Ledesba' 


Ledsham 


Ledes Leds ham 


Grimeston 


Grimston in K.Wharfe 


Grimes ton Kirk by 


Chirchebi 


Kirkby Wharfe 


Chirche Wharfe 



64 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Niwehusu' 


(Newtborpe ?) 


New bus um New 


Page 36b. 






Witewde 


Wbitwood 


Wite, Whit wood 


Mileford 


Milford (North) 


Mil ford 


Ermeshale 


Elmsall (South) 


Ermes Elms hal all 


Torp 


Moorthorp 


Thorp moor 


Chercbebi 


Kirkby (South) 


Cherch Kirk by 


Fricbehale 


Frickley 


Frich Frick hal ley 


Nortone 


Norton in Campsall 


Nor ton Camp sail 


Cansale (bis) 


Campsall 


Cans al ,, ,, 


Burg 


Burghwallis 


Burgh Wallis 


Scanhalla 


Skellow 


Scan hall, Skell ow 


Austun 


Owston 


Aus Ows ton 


Newose 


(?Moss in Campsall) 


New ose Moss 


Sutone 


Sutton in Campsall 


Sut ton, Camp sail 


Page 37a. 






Scalebre 


Skelbrooke 


Scale bre Skel brook 


Hanepol 


Hampole 


Hane Ham pole 


Eistop 


Stubbs Walden 


Ei stop Stubbs 
Walden 


Badeswode 


Badsworth 


Bades Bads worth 


Ultone 


Upton 


Ul Up ton 


Rugartorp 


Rogerthorp 


Rugar Roger thorp 


Torp 


Thorp Audlin 


Thorp Audlin 


Smedetone 


Kirk Smeaton 


Smede Smea ton 
Kirk 


Srnedetone 


Little Smeaton 


" J> 5 J 


Wlrneresleia 


Womersley 


Wlmers Womers ley 


Stapletone 


Stapleton 


Staple ton 


Page 37b. 






Darnintone 


Darrington 


Darnin Darring ton 


Acewrde 


Ackworth 


Ac Ack worth 


Hasele 


Hessle 


Hasel Hessle 


Ferestane 


Featherston 


Feres Feathers ton 
(stone) 


Prestone 


Purston Jaglin 


Pres Purs ton 
Jaglin 


Arduwic 


Hardwick 


Ard Hard wic 


Osele 


(Nostell, Wragby) 


Os el No stell, 
Wrag by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



65 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Hoctun Glass Houghton 



Queldale 
Fri stone 
Fereia 
Notingeleia 
Begale 
Chelinctone 
Page 38a. 
Ruhale 
Eburg 
Chellinctone 
Acheburg 
Errueshala 
Tateshalle 



Wbeldale 

Ferry Fryston 

Ferrybridge 

Knottingley 

Beall 

Kellington 

Roall 

Egbrough 

Kellington 

Egbrough 

Elmsall (North) 

Tanshelf, Pontefract 



Manestorp Mensthorp 

Barnebi Barnby in Cawthorne 

Silchestone Silkston(e) 

Staincross Wapentac 
Chineslai Kinsley 

Harneleswrde Hemsworth 



Breselai 
Hindeleia 

Page 38b. 
Rorestone 
Dodeswrde 
Caltorne 
Silchestone 
Holant (bis) 

Clactone 

Pangeston 

Berg 

Dertone 

Chizeburg 

Sceptone 
Carlentone 



Brierley 
South Heindley 

Royston 
Dodsworth 
Cawthorne 
Silkston(e) 
High Hoyland 

Clayton West 
Peniston 
Baragh 
Dart on 
Kexbrough 

Shaft on 

Carlton in Royston 



Component Parts. 
Hoc Hough ton 

Quel Whel dale 
Fris Frys ton Ferry 
Ferei Ferry bridge 
Noting Knotting ley 
Beg Be all 
Chellinc Kelling ton 

Ru Ro hal all 
E Eg burg brough 
Chellinc, Kelling ton 
Ache Eg burg 
Ermes Elms hal all 
Tates Tan hall 

shelf, Pontefract 
Manes Mens thorp 
Barn by, Caw thorne 
Silches Silks ton 
Stain cross 
Chines Kins ley 
Hamels Hems 

worth 
Brese Brier ley 
Hinde Heind ley 

Rores Roys ton 
Dods worth 
Cal Caw thorn 
Silches Silk stone 
Ho Hoy lant land 

High 
Clac Clay ton 
Panges Penis ton 
Berg Baragh 
Der Dar ton 
Chize Kex burg 

brough 
Seep Shaf ton 
Carlen, Carl ton 

Roys ton 



66 



YORKSHIKE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
Page 39a. 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Wircesburg 


Worsbrough 


Wirces Wors burg 
brough 


Turgesland 


Thurgoland 


Turges Thurgo land 


Tatessella 


Tanshelf 


Tates sell Tan shelf 


(several times) 




Stainburg 


Stainborough 


Stain burg borough 


Crevesford 


Keresforth 


Creves Keres forth 


Berneslai 


Barnsley 


Bernes Barns ley 


Dertone 


Darton 


Der Dar ton 


Notone 


Notton 


No Not ton 


Cevet 


Chevet 


Chevet et (head) 


Hindeleia 


Cold Heindley 


Hinde Heind ley 
Cold 


Hunescelf 


Hunshelf 


Hun scelf shelf 


Turulfestune 


Thurlston(e) 


Thurulfes Thurls 
ton 


Berceworde 


Ingbirchworth 


Berc birch worth ing 


Scelmertorp 


Skelmanthorp 


Scelmer Skelman 
thorp 


Denebi 


Denby, Peniston 


Dene Den by Penis 
ton 


Page 39b. 






Cu'breworde 


Cumberworth (Lower) 


Cumbre worth 


Claitone 


Clayton West 


Clay ton 


Brettone 


Monk Bretton 


Bret ton Monk 


Osprinc 


Oxspring 


Os Ox spring 


Bercewrde 


Birch worth 


Berc Birch worth 


Holan 


Hoyland Swaine 


Ho Hoy Ian land 
Swaine 


Kihella 


Ryhill, Wragby 


Ei Ry hell hill 
Wrag by 


Sceptone 


Shafton 


Seep Shaf ton 


Hagebrige, 


Agbrigg Wapentake 


Hage Ag brig 


Medelai 


Methley 


Med Meth ley 


Aitone 


Ackton 


Ai Ack ton 


Westrebi 




Westre by 


Snitehala 


Snydall 


Snite hal Sny dall 


Scrotone 


Crofton 


Scro Crof ton 


Page 40a. 






Witewde 


Whitwood 


Wit Whit wood 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



07 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Flocbetone 


Flockton 


Floch Flock ton 


Denebi 


Denby in K. Burton 


Den by Kirk Bur 
ton 


Leptone 


Lepton 


Lep ton 


Heptone 


Kirkbeaton 


Hep Hea ton Kirk 


Alruaneberie 


Alrnondbury 


Alman Almond bury 


Dalton (obliterated) Dalton 


Dal ton 


Fereleia 


Farnley Tyas 


Fere Farn ley Tyas 


Haneleia 


Honley 


Han Hon ley 


Meltba' 


Meltbam 


Melt ham 


Hoptone 


Hop ton 


Hop ton 


Oderesfelt 


Huddersfield 


Oderes, Hudders 
felt field 


Bradeleia 


Bradley, Huddersfield 


Brad ley 


Lillai 


Lindley 


JL.il Lind ley 


Cornebi 


Quarmby 


Corn Quarm 
Wharm by 


Page 40b. 






Gudlages arc 


Golcar 


Gudlags Gol arc car 


Croisland 


(Soutb) Crosland 


Crois Cros land 


Torni(l) 


Tbornbill 


Torni Thorn hill 


Witelaia 


Whitley 


Wit Whit lev 


Daltone 


Dalton 


Dal ton 


Moeleia 


Wapentac. Wapen tac 




Moreleia 


Morley 


More ley 


Rodewelle 


Rothwell 


Roth Rode well 


Loftose 


Loftbouse 


Loft ose house 


Carlentone 


Carlton 


Carlen Carl ton 


Torp 


Thorp on the Hill 


Thorp Hill 


Mildetone 


Middleton 


Milde Middle ton 


Erdeslawe 


Ardsley (East) 


Erdes Ards lawe ley 


Ristone 




Ri Ris ton 


Ermelai 


Arm ley 


Erm Arm ley 


Podechesaie 


Pudsey 


Podeches Puds ai ey 


Page 41a. 






Brameleia 


Bramley 


Brame Bram ley 


Bestone 


Beeston 


Bees ton 


Hunslet 


Hunslet 


Huns let slet 


daverleia 


Calverley 


Caver Calver ley 


Ferselleia 


Farsley 


Fersel Fars ley 


Tuinc 


Tong 


Tunic Ton" 



68 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Dreslintone Drighlington 



Gomer shale 
Bradeford 
Bodeltone 
Celeslau (bis) 

Alretone (bis) 
Torentone (bis) 
Claitone (bis) 
Wibetese (bis) 
Bollinc 
Scipeleia 
Birle 
Wiche 

Page 41b. 
Ketone 
Cliftone 
Mirefelt 
Bateleia 
Livresec 

Horteseve 



Gomersall 
Bradford 
Bolton 
Chellow-dene 

Allerton, Bradford 

Thornton, Bradford 

Clayton 

Wibsey 

Bowling 

Shipley 

Bierley (East or North) 

Wike, (Bradford) 

Cleck-heaton 
Clifton, Brighouse 
Mirfield 
Batley 
Liversedge 

Hartshead 



Elant Elland 

Overe Owram (South) 

Page 42, blank. 
Page 43a. 

Land of Roger de Busli. 
Lastone Laughton-en-le- 

Morthen 
Trapu' Throapham 



Dunnitone 


Dinnington 


Litelastone 


(South) Anston 


An est an 


(North) Anston 


Torp 


Thorp Salvin 


Wales 


Wales 


Hotone 


Slade Hooton 


Newehalla 


Newhall grange 


Wadewrde 


Wadworth 



Component Parts. 
Dreslin Drighling 

ton 
Gomers hal sail 
Brad ford forth 
Bodel Bol ton 
Celes lau Chellow 

dene 
Aire Aller ton 
Thorn Toren ton 
Clay ton 
Wibet ey sey 
Boll inc Bowl ing 
Scip Ship ley 
Bir Bier ley 
Wiche Wike 

Hea ton Cleck 
Clif ton (on Calder) 
Mire Mir felt field 
Bat ley 
Livres Leofrs ec 

edge 
Horts Hartis eve 

et head 
E El lant land 
Ouer Owr arn um 



Las Laugh ton 

Morthen 
Trap Throap um 

ham 
Dunni Dinning ton 
Little As Ans ton 
Ane Ans stan ton 
Thorpe Salvin 
Wales 

Ho Hoo ton Slade 
New hall grange 
Wad worth 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



69 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Dadesleia 


now Tickbill 


Dades ley Tick hill 


Stantone (bis) 


Stainton 


Stan Stain ton 


Helgebi (bis) 


Hellaby 


Helye Hella by 


Maltebi (bis) 


Maltby 


Malt by 


Wicresleia 


Wickersley 


Wicres ley 


Page 43b. 






Brinesford 


Brinsworth 


Brins ford worth 


Tirneslawe 


Tinsley 


Thirnes Tins law ley 


Nortgrave 


Orgrave 


Nort Or grave 


Gersebroc 


Greasbrough 


Gerse, Greas broc 
brough 


Grimeshou 




Grimes how 


Mwehalla 


Newball in Wath 


New hall Wath 


Hotun 


Hooton Roberts 


Ho Hoo ton Boberts 


Degenebi 


Denaby 


Deyen Dena by 


Mechesburg 


Mexbrough 


Meches Mex burg 
brough 


Hadewic 


Aldwick on Dearne 


Had Ad wic Dearn 


Berneburg 


Barnbrough 


Bern Barn burg bro' 


Bilha' 


Bilbani 


Bil harn 


Eclesfelt 


Ecclesfield 


Ecles felt field 


Page 44a. 






Wade 


Wath 


Wade Wath 


Suintone 


Swinton 


Suin Swin Sweyn 
ton 


Winteworde 


Wentworth 


Wint Went worth 


Holand 


Hoyland in Wath 


Ho Hoy land Wath 


Wanbuelle 


Wombwell 


Wanb Womb well 


Toftes 


(Al-tofts?) 


Tofts Al 


Middeltun 


Melton on the Hill 


Middle Mel ton 


Widuntorp 


Wildthorp Cliff, depop 


. Wid un Wild thorp 
Cliff 


Catebi 


Cadeby 


Cate Cade by 


Sproteburg 


Sprotborough 


Sprote Sprot burg 
borough 


Scuscewrde 


C us worth 


Scusce Cus worth 


Ballebi 


Balby 


Ball Bal by 


Haltone 


Little Houghton 


Hal Hough ton 


Bilingeleia 


Billingley 


Bil ing ley 


Bode(l)tone 


Bolton on Dearne 


Bode Bol ton Dearne 


Marra 


Marr 


Marr 



70 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Page 44b. 
Egescop 
Godetorp 
Dermescop 

Branwat 

other Branwat 

Barnebi 

Chibereworde 



Modern. 



Goldtborp 
Thurnscoe 

Kirk Bramwitli 

Sand B ram with 
Barn by upon Don 
lumber worth 



Honepol 

Friceleia 

Stodfald 

Brodeswrde 

Haldewrde 

Ughil 

Wihala 

Wadesleia 

Archeseia 

Page 45a. 
Beneslai 
Adewinc 
Marie 

Hallun (bis) 
Ateclive 
Escafeld 
Scalchebi 
Brodeswrde 



Hampole 
Frickley 
Stotfold 
Brodsworth 
Holdworth 
Ughill 
Worrall 
Wadsley 
Arksey 
(Page 45b. blank.) 
Bentley 

Ad wick le street 
Marr 
Hallam 
Atterchffe 
Sheffield 
Scawsby 
Brodsworth 



Page 46a. 

Land of Robert Malet. 

^Estreding. East Riding. 
Welleton Hund.' now Cave Hundred. 
Cave North Cave 

other Cave South Cave 

Drowetone Drewton 

Torp Kettlethorp 



Hode 
Wellet' 



Hotham 
Welton 



Component Parts. 

Eges Eysc op 'cop 
Gode Gold thorp 
Dermes Thurns cop 

coe 
Bran Bram wat with 

Kirk 

,, ,, Sand 
Barn by Don 
Cbiber lumber 

worth 
Hone Ham pol 
Fric Frick ley 
Stod Stot fald fold 
Brods worth 
Hald Hold worth 
Ug hill 

Wi Wor hal all 
Wades Wads ley 
Arches Ark ei sey 

Benes Bent ley 
Ad wine wic street 
Marl Marr 
Hall un am 
At Atter clive cliffe 
Esca Shef field 
Scalche Scaws by 
Brods worth 



Well. Cave, Hundred, 
Cave 

Drowe Drew ton 
Chetel then owned 

it, Thorp 
Ho Hoth ham 
Wei ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



71 



Domesday, 1086. 


MODEEN. 


Component Paets. 


Wicstun 


Market Weigh ton 


Wics Weigh ton 
Market 


Houeton 


Houghton 


Houe Hough ton 


Iugufled 


Yokefleet 


Iugu Yoke fleet 


San ton 


Sancton 


San Sane ton 


Brunebi 


Burn by 


Brun by 


Pocli'ton 


Pocklington 


Poclin Pockling ton 


NOETEEDING 


North Riding. 




Langebeegi 


: Wapentac, Langbargh 


Wapentake. 


Ghigesborg 


Guisbrough 


Ghiges Guis borg 
brough 


Normanebi 


Normanby 


Norman by 


Torp 


Pinchingthorp 


Pinching thorp 


Atun 


Great Ayton 


A Ay ton 


other Atun 


Little Ayton 


i ■> * i 


Martune (bis) 


Marton 


Mar ton 


V age 46b. 






Niweha' 


Newham 


New ham 


Tollesbi 


Tolesby 


Tolles by 
(? Thorold's) 


Aclun 


Acklam 


Ac Ackl Eckl, 
ham un 


Steintun (bis) 


Stainton 


Stein Stain ton 


Tormozbi 


Thorn aby 


Tormoz Thorna by 


Torentun 


Thornton in Stainton 


Thorn ton 


Buschebi 


Great Busby 


Busch Bus Busk by 


Maneshou 


Wapentac (Ryedale now,) part. Manes how 



Ryedale 
Scaltune Scawton. Aschil was then owner. 

Ascal Scaw ton 
Bolesfoede W t apentac (part of Buhner Wapentake.) 

Boles ford Bui mer 
Torentune Thornton-le-Clay Thornton Clay 

Geelestee Wapentac (part of Birdforth Wapentac.) 

Gerles tre Bird 
forth 
Tormoz Thorman by 
Beye By land 
Bern by 
Horen bode by 
Horn Smea 



Tormozbi 
Begeland 
Bernebi 
Horenbodebi 



Thormanbi 
Old Byland 

Hornby in Great 
Smeaton 



72 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts 

Aluretone Wapentac. Allerton Wapentake. Alver 

Aller ton 
Torentone Thorn ton-le -Street 

Mortun (? Murton) 

Dal Dale Town 

Halmebi Hawnby 

Westreding. 

Siraches Wapentac Skyrack Wapentake Scir aches 

Skyr ack 
Carletune Carlton in Guiseley 

Page 47 a. 

[Ainsty Wapentake.] 
Torp Bishopthorp 

Acastra Acaster Malbis 

other Acastre Acaster Selby 
Page 47 b. 

Land of William de Warene. 
Coningesburg Conisbrough 



Thorn ton street 
Mor Mur ton 
Dal Dale town 
Halm Hawn by 



Carl ton Guise lev 

Ains ty 
Thorp Bishop 
A Caster Malbis 
Selby 



Ravenesfeld (bis) Ravenfield 
Cliftone (bis) Clifton 
Bradewelle (bis) Braithwell 
Barneburg (bis) Barnbrough 
Holand (bis) 



Bilam (bis) 
Daltone (bis) 
Wilsewic (bis) 
Hertil (bis) 
Civeton 
E stone (bis) 
Sand ale (bis) 
Greseburg (bis) 

Cuzeworde (bis) 
Bramelei (bis) 
Actone (bis) 
Witestan (bis) 



Hoyland in Wath 

Bilham 

Dalton in Rotherham 

Wilswick 

Harthill 

Kiveton 

Aston 

Kirk Sandall 

Greasbrough 

Cusworth 
Bramley 

Aughton in Aston 
Whiston 



Wemesforde (bis) Warmsworth 

Domnitone (bis) Dinnington 
Anestan (bis) North Anstan 



Coninges Conis burg 

brough 
Ravens field 
Clif ton 

Brade Braith well 
Barn burg brough 
Ho Hoy land Wath 
Bil ham 

Dal ton Rother ham 
Wils wic 
Hert Hart hill 
Cive Kive ton 
Es As(h) ton 
Sand al dall Kirk 
Grese Greas burg 

brough 
Cuz Cus worth 
Brame Bram ley 
Ac Augh ton As ton 
Wit Whit stan ton 
Wemes Warms ford 

worth 
Domni Dinning ton 
Ane An stan 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



73 



Domesday, 1086. 
-Stenforde (bis) 
Branwitte (bis) 
Fixcale (bis) 
Torne (bis) 
Tudeworde (bis) 
Hedfeld (bis) 
Stirestorp (bis) 
Sandela 
Sandalie 
Pac\e 48a. 
Land of 
Tatecastre 
Stutone 
Eselewode 
Saxballa 



Modern. 
Stainforth 
Bramwith 
Fishlake 
Thome 
Tudworth 
Hatfield 
Street-thorp 
Little Sandall 



Illicleia 

Brinesford 

Bodeltone 

Ternusche 
Stivetune 

Barnebi 
Ellintone 
Bradewell 
Donecastre 
Page 48b. 
Triberga 
Dal tone 
Bode(lUone 
Torp 
Ulsitone 
Hailaga 
Malchetone 
Hagbedenebi 

Homitone 

Coletorp 

Cuselade 



William de Perci. 
Tadcaster 
Stutton 
Haslewood 
(Barkston Wap.) 

Ilkley 

Brinsworth 

Bolton (upon Dearne, 

? Percy) 
Thurnscoe 
Steeton (? in Bolton 

Percy) 
Barnby upon Don 
Edlington 
Braitbwell 
Doncaster 

Tbribergb 

Dalton, Kotberbam 

Bolton Percy 

Palletborp 

Ouston 

Healaugb 

(? near Tadcaster) 

Haggenby, near 

Easdike 
Hornington 
Cowtborp 
Wbixley 



Component Parts. 
Sten Stain fortb 
Bran Bram witb 
Fix cal Fish lake 
Tborne 
Tud worth 
Hed Hat field 
Stires Street thorp 
Sand el all 
San del 



Tate Tad castre 
Stu Stut con 
Esel Hasle wood 
Sax hall Barks ton 

stone 
Illic Ilk ley 
Brins ford worth 
Bodel Bol ton 

Ternus Thurns coe 
Stive Stee ton 

Barn by Don 
Ellin Edling ton 
Brad Braith well 
Don caster 

Tri Thri bergh 
Dal ton Bother ham 
Bodel Bol ton Percy 
Palle thorp 
Ulsi Ous ton 
Hai Hea lay laugh 
Malch ton Tad caster 
Hagh den Haggen 

by Eas Dike 
Horni Horning ton 
Cole Cow thorp 
Whix Cuse lade ley 



* From here, on page 47a for convemerce. 



74 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Borgescire Wapentac : now Claro Wapentake. Borg shire 






Clar oe 


Page 49a. 






Ripesten 


Little Ribston 


Ripe Ribs ton sten 


Mercliefeld 


Markenfield 


Merch Mark en field 


Asmundrebi 


Aismun derby 


Asrnundre by 


Stollai 


Studley 


Stol Stud ley 


Cludun 


Clotberbolme 


Clud Clother holme 


Nacefeld 


Nesfield, Ilkley 


un 
Nace Ness field Ilk 
ley 


Ascuid 


Askwith 


Asc Ask with 


Ledelai 


Leatbley 


Lede Leath ley 


Cherebi 


Kereby 


Chore Kere by 


Cherchebi 


Kirkby Overblow 


Cherch Kirk by Ouer 




(Orblauers) 


Or blow blauers 


Todoure 




Tod our 


Walt one 


Walton Head 


Wall ton Head 


Bergbebi 


Barrowby 


Bergh Barrow by 


Rofellintone 


Rudfarlington 


Rofellin Rud farling 
ton 


Plontone 


Plumpton 


Plon Plump ton 


Page 49b. 






Michelbram 


Great Brame 


Mickle Brame 


Spoford 


Spofforth 


Spo Spaw Spof 
forth 


Cradewelle 


or Caldwell 


Crade Cald well 




(? Stockeld) 


Stock eld 


Lin tone 


Linton in Spofforth 


Lin ton Spof forth 


Wedrebi 


Wetherby 


Wedre Wether by 


Chenaresburg 


Knaresbrough 


Chenares Knares 
burg brough 


Coletorp 


Cow thorp 


Cole Cow thorp 


Cruclieslaga 


Whixley 


Cruches, Whix ley 


Halichelde Wap. Hallikeld Wapentake. Halli keld 


Disforde 


Dishforth 


Bis Dish ford 


Crave 


Craven 


Craven 


Renitone 


Rimington 


Rem Riming ton 


Crocbe 


Crooks, in Bracewell 


Croch Crooks Brace 

well 
Mith Mid op 


Mithope 


Middop 



PLACE NAMES, 108G. 



75 



Domesday, 1086. 

Strateserguni 

Bodeltone 

Baghil 

Holme 

Paghenale 

Ghiseburne 

Patborp 

Neubuse 

Halwidetorp 

Napars 

Hortun 

Torentun 

Cbelbroc 

Suindene 

Helgefelt 
Malgun 

Cuningestone 

Gluseburn 



Modern. 

Bolton-by-Bowland 

Raygill 

Painley 

Gisburn 

Paytborne 

Xewsholme 

Ellen thorp 

Nappa 

Horton 

Thornton 

Kelbrook 

Swinden 

Hellifield 
Malham 
Cold Coniston 

Glusburn 

(? Melsis Hall) 



Component Parts. 
btrates erg urn 
Bodel Bol ton, 

Bo^Yl land 
Ba Bay hil, gill 
Holme 

Payhen Pain al ley 
Ghise Gis burn 
Pa Pay tborpe thorn 
Neu bus holme 
Halwid Ellen thorp 
Nap ars a 
Hor ton 
Thorn ton 
Chel Kel broc brook 
Suin Swin Sweyn 

den 
Helye Helli felt field 
Malg Mai bam mi 
Cunmges Conis ton 

Cold 
Gluse Glus brim 

burn 
Cbelclis Malsis 



Cheldis 
Par/e 50a. 

Estreding. East Biding. 

Wicstun Hund. Weighton Hundred. Wics Weigh ton 
Gudmundha' Goodmanham Gud Goodmund 

bam 
Eastborp Es Eas thorp 

Kipling Cotes Climbi Kipling Cote 

Warter War tre 

Snec ulf cross 
Lachin Leckon field 
Scoreby Scornes Score by 

Owstborp, Pocklington Ianulfes, Ows thorp 
Clifton, York Clif ton 

Dunnington Domni Dunning ton 

Wart'e Hundret. Warter Hundred. Wartre 
Warte Warter 

Poclinton Hundret, Pocklington Hundred. Pocl ing ton 
Haitone Hayton Hai Hay ton 



Estorp 

Climbicote 

Wartre 

Sneculfcros Sund' 
Lacbinfeld Leckonfield 

Scornesbi 
Ianulfestorp 
Cliftun 
Domniton 



76 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Brunebi Bruneby 

Sudtone 

Page 50b. 
Coldrid 



(Full) Sutton 
(Wheldrake) 



Component Parts. 

Brun by 

Sud Sut ton, Full 



Alwintone Elvington 

TURBAR HUNDRET ( 



Col drid Wheld rake 

Whel drake 
Alwin Elving ton 
Hundred) Tur bar 
Fodstone Foston on Wolds Fods Fos ton Wolds 

Nadfartone Nafferton Nad Naf far fer ton 

Norttreding. North Riding. 

Langeberge Wap. Langbargh Wapentake. Lang berg 

bargh 



Figclinge 


Fyling-dale 


Fiyc Fylling dale 


Heldrewelle 


Hinderwell 


Hildre Hinder well 


Arnodestorp 


Arnoldstoft near 
Linthorp 


Arnolds thorp toft 


Mersche 


Marske 


Mersch Marsk 


Weslide 


West (Kirk) leatham 


Wes West lide leath 


Page 51a. 




am 


Normanebi 


Normanby 


Norman by 


Die Wapentac, Dickering Wap. 


Die Dicker ing 






Wapen take 


Cloctune 


Cloughton 


Cloc Clough ton 


Chilvertebi 


Killerby in Seamer 


Chilvert Killer by 
Sea mer 


Semser 


Seamer 


Se Sea mer 


Torp 


Thorpfield 


Thorp field 


Iretune 


Irton 


Ire Ir ton 


Hildegrip 


Hilda Green, Hackness 


Hilda Grip Green 
Hack ness 


Atune 


East Ayton 


A Ay ton 


Hagenesse 


Hackness 


Hage Hack ness 


Sudfelt 


Suffield 


Sud Suf felt field 


Eurelai 


Everley 


Eure Ever ley 


Walesgrip 


Falsgrave 


Wales Fals grip 
grave 


Snechintune 


Snainton 


Snechin Snain ton 


Inguluestuet 


(Ingulfs thwait) 


Ingulves Ingolds 
tuet thwait 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



77 



Domesday, 1086. Modeen. Component Parts 

Gerlestre Wapentac (part of Birdforth Wap.) Girles tre 

Bird forth 
Borrowby, in Leake 



Berghebi 

Page 51b. 
Topeclive 
Crecala 
Deltune 
Estanesbi 
Scbipetune 



Bergh Borrow 
Leake 



by 



Topcliffe 

Crakehill in Topcliffe 

Dalton 

Asenby 

Skipton on Swale 



Eanewat or) 
Rainincton f 
Catune 

Land of 

Page 52a. 
[Skipsea in 

Claeton 

[HOLDERNESS.] 



Rainton 

Catton in Topcliffe 
Drogo de Bevrere. 

not mentioned] 



Brocstewic 

Paghel 

Nicbueton 

Holm (bis) 

Notele 

Scacbelinge 

Sudtone 

Camerinton 

Torne 

Diche 

Sprotele 

Prestone 

Cbilnesse 

Tunestale 

Rosse 

Hostewic (bis) 

Astenewic 

Tansterne 

Redewince 

Righeborg 



Burstwick 
Paull 
(Newton, Burstwick, 

lost) 
Paull Holme 
Nuttles 
Skeckling 
Sutton 
Camerton 
Thorngumbald 

(?Lelley Dike) 

Sproatley 

Preston 

Kilnsea 

Tunstall 

Roos 

Owstwick 

Elsternwick 

Tansterne 

Ringburg 



Top clive cliff 
Crec Crake al hill 
Del Dal ton 
Estanes Asen by 
Schip Skip ton 

Swale 
Rane wat Raininc 

ton 
Cat Ca ton 



Skips ea Skip 
Cleeton 



sea,. 



Brocst Burst wic 
Payhel Paull 
Nichue New ton 

Burst wick 
Paull Holm 
Not el Nuttles 
Scachl, Skeckl ing~ 
Sud Sut ton 
Camer in ton 
Torn Thorn gum 

bald 
Dich Dike Lei ley 
Sprote Sproat ley 
Prest ton 
Chiln Kilns sea 
Tun stall 
Ross Roos 
Hoste Owst wic 
Asten Elstern wic 
Tans tern sterne 
Rede wine wic 
Righe Ring borg burg 



78 



YOKKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Humeltone 


Humbleton 


Humel Humble ton 


Fostun (bis) 


Foston (on Wolds) 


Fos ton W 7 olds 


Flentun 


Flinton 


Flen Flin ton 


Wifestad 


Win stead 


Wifes Win stead 


Heldovestun 


Hilston 


Heldoves Hils ton 


Witfornes 


Withernsea 


Witforn Withern 
ness, sea 


Andrebi 




Andrew Andre by 


Bortune 


T3urton Pidsea 


Bor Bur ton Pidsea 


Danetorp 


Danthorp 


Dane Dan thorp 


Fidlinge 


Fitling 


Fidl Fitl ing 


Sprotele 


Sproatley 


Sprote Sproat ley 


Grimestun 


Grimston Garth 


Grimes ton Garth 


Was ham 


Waxholme 


Was, Wax ham 
holme 


Tunestal 


Tunstall 


Tun stall 


Torne 


(Owthorne ?) 


Ow thorne 


Holam 


Hollym 


Hoi am ym 


Eotmare 


(Redmere ? in Owthorne) 


Rot Red mere 


Page 52b. 






Mapletone 


Mappleton 


Mapple ton 


Roolfestone 


Rowlston 


Roolfes Rowls ton 


Arnestorp 


Arnold 


Arnes thorp Arnold 


Coldun 


Little Colden 


Cold un Col dun den 


Widfornewinc 


Withernwick 


Widforn Withern 
wine wic 


Torchilebi 


Thirkleby 


Torchil, Thirkle by 


Widetune 


Wyton 


Wide Wy ton 


Mereflet 


Marfleet 


Mere Mar fleet 


Coiningesbi 


Coniston 


Coininges Conis by 
ton 


Rute 


Routh 


Rute Routh 


Haifelt 


Great Hatfield 


Hai Hat felt, field 


Golse 


Goxbill 


Golse Gox hill 


Hornesse 


Hornsea 


Home sea 


Burtune 


Hornsea Burton 


Bur ton 


Torp 


Southorp (South 
thorp lost,) 


Sou thorp 


Bis tune 


Long Riston 


Ris ton, Long 


Schireslai 


North Skirlaugh 


Schires Skir lai 
laugh 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



79 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Sckereltune 


Skirlington 


Scherel Skirling ton 


Cletune 


Cleeton-cum-Skipsea 


Cle clee ton cum 
Skip sea 


Dringohne 


Dringhoe 


Dring olme hoe 


Uptun 




Up ton 


E sin tone 


Easington 


Es Eas ing ton 


Paije 53a. 






Garton 


Garton 


Gar ton 


Ringheborg (bis) 


Ringburgh 


Ring borgh 


Dim el ton 


Dimlington 


Dimel Dimling ton 


Hesintone 


Easington 


Hes Es Eas ing ton 


Aldenburg 


Aldbrough 


Alden Aid burg 
brough 


Niwetone (bis) 


East Newton 


Niwe New ton 


Scirelai 


Skirlaugh 


Scire Skir lai laugh 


Totele (bis) 


(Toothill ?) 


Tote 1 Toot hill 


Wagene 


Waghen 


Wayen Waghen 
Wawn 


Melse 


Meaux 


Melse, Meaux 


Benincol 


Benningholme 


Beninc Benning ol 
holme 


Rugheton 


Rowtcra 


Rughe Row ton 


Scherle 


South Skirlangh 


Scherle Skirl augh 


Dwetorp 


Dow thorp 


Dwe Dow thorp 


Meretone 


Marton 


Mere Mar ton 


Fosbam 


Fosham 


Fos ham 


Biuincli 


Bewick 


Biu inc Be wic 


Wassuru 


Waxholme 


Wass Wax urn 
holme 


Otrege 


Ottringham 


Otreye Otring ham 


Chaingeha' 


Keyingham 


Chaing Key ing ham 


Otrenglia' 


Ottringham 


Otreng ham 


Halsem 


Halsham 


Hals ham em 


Niwehusu' 


Newsome in Owthorne 


Niwe hus um ome, 
Ow thorne 


Patje 53b. 






Rimeswelle 


Rimswell 


Rimes Rims well 


Wash am 


Waxholme 


Was Wax ham 
holme 


Eedmare 


Redmere in Owthorne 


Red mare mere, Ow 
thorne 



80 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Holmetone 


Holmpton 


Holm Holmp ton 


Niwetone 


Out Newton 


New ton Out 


Rison 


Rysome Garth or 


Ris Rise Rys on 




Rise? 


ome Garth 


Torp 




Thorp 


Lessete 


Lisset 


Less et set, Liss et 


Biworde 


Beeford 


Bi Bee worth ford 


Dodintone 


Dunnington 


Dodin Dunning ton 


Wincheton 


Winkton 


Winch Wink ton 


Chelinge 


Nun Keeling 


Chel Keel ing Nun 


Frotingha' 


North Frodingham 


Frot Froding ham 


Benestone 


Barmston 


Benes Barms ton 


Patje 54a. 






Ulreham 


Ulrome 


Ulre Ulr ham ome 


Chilinghe 


Nun keeling 


Chil Keel ingh Nun 


Begun 


Bewholme 


Beg Bey Bew holme 


Argun 


Arrum 


un 
Ary Arr um un 


Burtun 


Brandsburton 


Brands bur ton 


Settun 


Seaton 


Sea ton 


Catefos 


Catfoss 


Cate Cat foss 


Catinwic 


Catwick 


Catin Cat wic 


Cbenecol 


(Chenuthesholrn, 


Chenec, Chenuthes 




Canutes'holm) 


ol holm Kenneth 


Ris tun 


Long Riston 


Long Ris ton 


Page 54b. 






Risun 


Rise 


Rise un 


Wadsande 


Wassand 


Wad Wads, Was 
sand 


Haiefelt 


Great Hatfield 


Haie Hat, Hat felt 
field 


Widfornewic 


Withernwick 


Widforne Withern 


Lambetorp 


Langthorpe 


wic 
Lamb, Lang thorp 


Heiefeld 


Little Hatfield 


Heie Hat field 


Aluerdebi 


Ellerby 


Alverde Eller by 


Ulenburg 


Oubrough 


Ulen Ou burg 
brough 


Gagenestad 


Ganstead 


Gayen Gan stead 


Sudtone 


Sutton 


Sud ton Sut 


Biletone 


Bilton 


Bil ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



81 



Domesday, 1086. 

Page 55a. 
Prestune 
Sotecote 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Preston 
South Coates 



Dridpol 

Carlentun 

Meretone 

Sprotele 
Rosse 



Drypool 
Carlton 
Marton in Swine 

Sproatley 
Roos 



;HUNT0U HUNDRET- 



Prest ton 

Sote South Cote 

Coates 
Drid Dry pool 
Carlen Carl ton 
Mere Mar ton, 

Swine 
Sprote Sproat ley 
Rosse Roos 
part of Dickering Wap. now] Hunt 

ou 
Wiflestorp Wilsthorp Wines Wils thorp 

Land of Ralph de Mortemer, mostly taken from Editha r 

queen of Harold 
Estreding East Riding. 
Hase Hundret. Hessle Hundred. Hase Hessle 

Alvengi Ella Kirk 
Fere Ferri by 
Umlove Umlaf 
Anla by 
Wal Wauld by 
Rip nig Rippling 

ham 
Tot fled fleet 
Mi My ton 
Ulvar Wolfre dun 

ton 
Hase Hess le Wress 

el, sel 
New hus am holme 
Spell Spald ing ton 
Weres Wress el sel 
Gripe Grib thorp 
Bris Breigh ton 
Lont Lund 
Wilye Willi tot toft 
Fulcar Fogga thorp 
Chetels Kettle thorp 

Drew ton 
Middle Mel burn 



Alvengi 


Kirk Ella 


Ferebi 


North Ferriby 


Umloveby 


Anlaby 


Walbi 


Wauldby 


Ripingha' 


Ripplingham 


Totfled 




Mitune 


Myton 


Ulvardune 


Wolfreton 


Hase 


Hessle 


Neuhusa 


Newsholme in Wressel 


Spellinton 


Spaldington 


Weresa 


Wressel 


Gripetorp 


Gribthorp 


Briston (bis) 


Breighton 


Lont 


Lund 


Wilgetot 


Willitoft 


Fulcartorp 


Foggathorp 


Chetelestorp 


Kettlethorp, Drewton 


Middelburne 


Melbourne 



82 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Tortetun Thornton 



SCARD HlJNDRET ( 

Wellun (bis) Welham 



Sutton 
Norton 
Wintringham 



Scampston 
Knapton 
Thurkleby in K. 
Grindalythe 



Sudton 
Norton 
Wentriglia' 

Page 56a. 
Scameston 
Cnapeton 
Turgislebi 

Dalbi 

Maneshou Wapentac 
Gheliinge Gilling in Ryedale 

Land of Ralph Pagenel. 
Estreding, East Riding. 

HOUEDEN HUNDRET. 

Turgisbi Thorganby 

Cotinwi East Cottingwith 

Bardulbi Barlby 

TORESHOU HUNDRET. 

Newetone Newton in 

Wintringham 
Burton Hundret 
Rodestan Rudston(e) 

Norttreding. North Riding. 
Nonninctune Nunnington 



Component Parts. 

Tored held land near. 
Tored ton, Thorn 
) Hundred. Scard 

Well ham un 
Sud Sut ton 
Nor ton 

Wentr Wintr ing 
ham 



Scames Scamps ton 
Cnape Knap ton 
Turgisle Thurkle by 
Grinda lythe 



Wichu' 



Dalby in Buhner Wap. Dal by Bui mer 

Manes hou 
Ghell ing Gilling, 
Rye dale 



Houe den 
Turgis Thorgan by 
Cotin Cott ing with 
Bardulf Barl by 

Tores Thors, hou 
New ton Wintring 

ham 
Bur ton 
Rode stan, Rud 

stone 

Nonninc Nunning 

ton 
Wich Wyke ham um 

Mai ton 
Stein Stone grave 
Ness 
Holme 



Wykeham in Malton 



Steinegrif Stonegrave 

Nesse Ness 

Holme North Holme 

Bolesford W 7 apentac. Bols ford Wapen tac 
Newetone Newton on Ouse New ton Ouse 

Toresbi Thoresby Tores Thores by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



83 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Westtreding-, West Riding. 
Barcheston Wapentac. Bardies ton Wapen tac 



Drac 


Drax 


Drac Drake Drax 


Ermenie 


Armin 


Er Ar Air men min 


Camelesforde 


Camblesforth 


Camels Gambles 
forth 


Berlai 


Barlow 


Ber Bar lai low 


BoRGESCIRE, 


now Claro Wapentake 


'.] Burg scire Gar o 


Ripest an 


Great Ribston 


Ripe Rib stan ton 


Godenesburg 


Goldsbrough 


Godenes Golds burg 
brough 


Page 57 a. 






Ripeleia 


Ripley 


Ripe Rip ley 


Distone 


Kirk Deighton 


Dis Die Deigh ton 


Tuadestorp 


Thorp green 


Tuades Thorp green 


Newetone 


Newton on Ouse 


New ton Ouse 


Land of G< 


MSFRID DE LA WlRCE. 




Westreding. West Riding. 




Adelingesfluet 


Adlingrleet 


Adelings Adling 



Land of Goisfrid Alselin. 
W t estreding. W T est Riding. 



Brampton in Cantley 

Cantley 

Healaugh 



Wigbill 



Park 



Bran to ne 
Canteleia 
Hailaga 
Wicheles 
other Wicheles 
Page 57 b. 

Land of Walter de Aincurt. 
Westreding. West Riding. 
Wanbella Wornbwell 

Medeltone West Melton 

Toftes 
Rodemesc Rawmarsh 

Lands of Gilbert de Gant. 

Estreding. East Riding, 
Hundemanebi Hunmanby 
Ricstorp 
Mustone Muston 



liuet fleet (boat 
creek) 



Bran Bramp ton 
Cant, Knut, ley 
Hai lay laugh 
Wieh Wig eles hill 



Wanb Womb well 
Medel Mel ton 
Tofts 

Rode Raw mesc 
marsh 



Hundman by 
Rics thorp 
Mus ton 



84 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Flotmanby 
Wold Newton 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Scolfstona 
Flotemanebi 
Neuton 
Page 58a. 

Lands of Gilbert Tison. 

Estreding. East Riding. 

Hase Hundret. [Hessle Hundred.] 
Aluen(g)i (bi) Kirk Ella 



Hase 

Umlouebi 

Chrachetorp 

Weresa (bis) 

Siwarbi 

Spellinton 

Lont 

Wilgetot 

Gripetorp 

Ladon 

Nort Dufelt 

Bonnebi 

Bubvid 

Bricstune 

Fulcartorp 

Page 58b. 
Holme 

Santune 
Honetone 
Rucltorp 
Poclinton 

Westreding 
Bramliop 
Sinitun 
Scotone 
Burg 
Bomeslai 
Ediham 



Hessle 
Anlaby 

Wressel 

Bpaldington 

Lund 

Willitoft 

Gribthorp 

Lathom 

North Duffield 

Gunby 

Bubwith 

Breighton 

Foggatliorp 

Holme [on Spalding 

moor] 
Sancton 
Houghton 

Pocklington 

West Riding. 
Bramhope 

Scotton 
Aldbrough 
Beamsley 
Addingham 



Component Parts. 
Scolfs Ascolfs ton 
Flotman by 
New ton Wold 



Hase Hessle 
Alwing-by ; Ella ob- 
tained it. Alwin 
was large owner 
in 1087 hereabouts 
Hase Hessle 
Umlove Anlaf by 
Chrach Crake thorp 
Weres Wress el 
Si ward by 
Spellin Spald ing 

ton 
Lont Lund 
Wilge Willi tot toft 
Gripe Grib thorp 
Lade Lath om on 
Nort Du Duf field 
Bonn Gun by 
Bub vid with 
Brics Breigh ton 
Fulcar Fogga thorp 

Holm Spalding 

moor 
San Sane ton 
Hou Hough ton 
Rud thorp 
Poc Pockl ing ton 

Bram hope 
Sini ton 
Sco Scot ton 
Aid burg brough 
Bomes Beams ley 
Edi Adding ham 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



85 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Ledelai 




Leathley 


Lede leath ley 


Birnebeha' 




Brimham 


Birnebe Brim ham 


Ristone 




Rigton, (Overblow) 


Ris Rig ton Over 

blow 
Bee Beck vid with 


Becvi 




Beckwith 


Rosert 




Rosset 


Ros ert et 


Biletone 




Bilton 


Bil ton 


Page 59a. 








Rofellnton 




Rudfarlington 


Rofelln Rudfar ling 
ton 


Plontone 




Plumpton 


Plon Plump ton 


Michel Bra' 




Great' Braham 


Mickle Braam 


Crave. 


Craven 


Craven 


Ghersintone 




Grassington 


Ghersin Grass iDg 
ton 


Lipton 




Linton 


Lip Lin ton 


Freschefelt 




Threshfield 


Fresch Thresh field 


Estbrune 




Eastburn 


Est East brun burn 


Stiuetune 




Steeton 


Stive Stee ton 


Glusbrun 




Glusburn 


Glus brun burn 


Chelchis 




Melsis 


Chelchis Melsis, 
Malsis 


Acurde 




Oak worth 


Ac Oak worth 


Land of 


Richard son of Erfast 




Annesti 


W 


apentac. Ainsty Wapentake. Ains ty 


Torp 




Bishop Thorp 


Bishop Thorp 


Mileburg 




Bilbrough 


Mil Bil burg brough 


Monechetune 




Moor Monkton 


Monech Monk ton 
Moor 


Esdesai 




Hessay 


Esd Hes say 


Cnapetone 




Knapton 


Cnap Knap ton 



Page 59b. 

Land of Hugh, son of Baldric 

Gerlestre Wap. [Galtres : ?Birdforth Wap.] Gerles, 

Gal, tres Bird forth 
Cucualt Coxwold Cue Cox ualt wold 

Iretone Ir ton 

Eureslage Yearsley Eures Years lay ley 

Ampreforde Ampleforth Ampre Ample forth 

Ansgotebi Osgodby Ansgote Osgod by 

Turchilebi Thirkleby Turchil Thirkle by 



86 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Baschebi 

Chileburne 

Wilema 

Calvetone 

Tresch 

Torp 
Neuhusu' 

Bagebi 
Cliirchebi 

Carleton 
Iselbec 
Sudtune * 

Ardene 
Chipuic 
Sudtune 

Martrebi 

Paije 60a. 
Fridebi (bis) 
Eavenetorp (bis) 
Boltebi (bis) 
Cahosbi 
Alrebec 
Cru'beclive 

Danebi 

Lelun 

Broctun 

Camisedale 

Cliirchebi (bis) 

Waletun 

Hotun 

Gedlingesmore 

Houetune 

Wellebrune 

Middelha' 



Modern. 
Baxby 
Kilburn 

Caw ton 
Thirsk 

Thorp Underwood ? 
Newsham in K.Wiske? 

Bagby 

Kirkby Knowle 

Carlton Miniot 

Islebeck 

Sutton under Whit- 
stone Cliff 

Arden 

Kepwick 

Sutton under White- 
stone cliff 

Mardeby 

[Felixkirk] 

Raventhorp 

Boltby 

Cowesby 

Ellerbeck 

[Crunkley in Eskdale?] 

Danby 
Lealholme 
Broughton 
[near Greenhow] 

Kirk -dale 

Hutton in the Hole 
Gillamoor 

Welburn 
Middleham 



Component Parts. 

Basche Bax by 

Chile Kil burn 

Wilem 

Calve Caw ton 

Tresch Thirsk Thir 

usq? 
Thorp under wood 
New hus um ham 

Wiske 
Bage by 
Chirch Kirk by 

Knowl 
Carl ton Miniot 
Isel beck 
Sud Sut ton Whit 

stone 
Ar den 
Chip Kep wic 
Sud Sut ton 

Martre Marde by 

Fride by Felix kirk 
Raven thorp 
Bolt by 

Cahos Cowes by 
Aire Eller beck 
Crumb clive, Crunk 

ley 
Dan by 

Lei Leal un holme 
Broc Brough ton 
Camis dale Green 

how 
Chirch Kirk bi dale 
Wal ton 

Ho Hut ton Hole 
Gedlings Gilla moor 
Hou ton 
Wei brun burn 
Middel ham 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



87 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Hareru 


Harome 


Har ome 


N aglet une 


Nawton 


Nayle Naw ton 


Berch 


Great Barugh 


Berch Barugh 


Normanebi 


Nonnanby 


Norman by 


Mispeton 


Misperton 


Mispe Misper ton 


Ritone 


Ryton 


Ri Ry ton 


Martone 


Marton 


Mar ton 


Berch 


Little Barugh 


Berch Barugh 


Crave 


Craven 


Craven 


Holecher 


Holker, Lancashire 




Page 60b. 






Hovingham 


Hovingham 


Hov ing ham 


Wad 


Wath 


Wad Wath 


Frideton 


Fry ton 


Fride Fry ton 


Holtorp 


Howthorp 


Hoi How thorp 


Eschalchedene 


Shackleton 


Eschalch Shackle 
ton den 


Hawade 




Ha wade 


Coltune 


Colton 


Col ton 


Grimeston 


Grimston in Gilling 


Grims ton Gilling 


Newtone 




New ton 


Nesse 




Nesse 


Holme 


North Holme 


Holm 


Eslingesbi 


Slingsby 


Eslinges Slings by 


Butruic 


Butterwick 


Butr Butter wic 


Aimundrebi 


Amotherby 


Aimundre Amother 

by 


Brostone 


Broughton in Appleton 
le street 


Bros Brough ton 


Neuhuse 


Newshani ,, ,, 


New hus ham 
Appleton street 


Leehestorp 


Laysthorp 


Leches Lays thorp 


Ghellinge 


Gilling, in Ryedala 


Ghellmg Gilling 
Rye dale 


Branzbi 


Brandsby 


Branz Brands by 


Estiresbi 


Stearsby 


Estires Stears by 


Benniburg 


Benningbrough 


Benin Benning 
burg brough 


Haslinton 


Heslington 


Haslin Hesl ing 
ton 


Torp 




Thorp 



$8 



YORKSHIKE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Butecrame (bis) Buttercrambe 


But crame Butter 




cramb 


Hottune Sand Hutton 


Hot Hut ton Sand 


Escraingha' (bis) Scrayingham 


Escraing Scraying 




ham 


Barnebi Barnby in Bossall 


Barn by Bossall 


Boscele Bossall 


(church of St. 




Botolph) Bosc all 


Flastun Flaxton 


Flas Flax ton 


Page 61a. 




Estreding. East Riding. 




Hase Hundret. Hessle Hundred. 


Hase Hessle 


Aluengi Kirk Ella (Alwin in 


Alveng Alwin Ella 


1087) 


Kirk 


[Welleton Hundret.] 


Well ton 


Cotingha' Cottingham 


Cot ing ham 


Pileford Pilewood in Cotting 


Pile ford wood 


ham 




Widetone Little Weigbton 


Wide Weigh ton 


Cave South Cave 


Cave 


Hundreslege Hunsley 


Hundres Huns ley 


Houeden Hundret. 


Hon den 


Schipewic Skipwith 


Schip Skip wic with 


Sneculfcros Hundret. 


Sneculf cross 


Ettone Etton 


Et E ton 


Torp 


Thorp 


Drifelt Hundret. 


Dri felt field 


Schirne Skirne 


Schirn Skern 


Cranzvic Cranswick 


Cranz Crans vie 


Hottune Hutton 


wic 
Hot. Hut ton 


Bagentone Bainton 


Bayen Bain ton 


Poclinton Hundret. 


Pocklin ton 


Chelchefelt Kelfield 


Chelch Kelk Kel 




field 


Steflingefled Stillingfleet 


Stef ling Stilling 




fleet 


Page 61b. 




Morebi Moreby 


More by 


Huntou Hundret. 


Hunt ou 


Frestintorp Fraisthorp 


Frestin Frais thorp 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



89 



Domesday, 1086. 
Schirebur' 

Lanton 

Cheretorp 

Breddale 

Redrestorp 

Schiresburne 

Heslerton 

Scard Hun 
Nortone 
Wellon 
Bochetone 
Grimestone 
Screngha' 



Modern. 

Sherburn (East 

Riding) 
Langton 
Kennytkorp 
Burdale 
Raisthorp 
Sherburn 
East Heslerton 

DPET. 

Norton 

Welhani 

Buckton 

North Grimston 

Scrayingham 



Ainsty 



Annesti Wapentac. 
Badetorp 

Nort Treding. North Riding. 
Cru'beclive Crunkley in Eskdale ? 



Lealholme 
Danby 

Heworth near York 



Lelun 
Danebi 
Camisedale 
Hewarde 
Pa rie 62a. 

Land of Erneis de Burun, 
West Treding. West Riding, 
Siraches Wap. Skyrack 
Bingley 



Bingheleia 
Beldnne 
Cotingelei 
Helguic 

Muceltuoit 

Mardelei 
Hateltun 



Beldon (or ? Baildon) 
Cottingley 
Helwick, modern 

Eldwick 
Micklethwaite 

Marley 

Halton (now Harden) 



Annesti Wapentac. Ainsty 
Copemantorp Copmanthorp 
Acastra Acaster Selby 



Component Parts. 
Schire Sher burn 

Lan Lang ton 
Chere Kenny thorp 
Bred Bur dale 
Redres Rais thorp 
Schires Sher burn 
Hesler ton 
Scarth 
Nor ton 
Well ham on 
Boch Buck ton 
Grimes ton 
Screng Scray ing 

ham 
Ains ty 
Bade thorp 

Crumb clive Crunk 

ley Esk dale 
Lei Leal holme un 
Dane Dan by 
Camis dale 
Heward worth York 



Scir Skyr ack 
Binghe ley 
Bel dune don 
Cot Cotting ley 
Hely Hel wick 

(Eld.) 
Mncel Mickle tuoit, 

thwait 
Marde Marth ley 
Hatel, Hal ton, 

Harden 
Ains Anes ty 
Cop man thorp 
A caster Selby 



90 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
borgescire 
Dunesforde 
Brantune 

Graftune 

Cathale 

Hulsingoure 



Modern. Component Parts. 

Wap. Claro Wapentake, Borg shire Claro 



Dunsforth 

Branton -green 
Grafton 
Little Cattal 
Hunsingore 



Chenaresburg Knaresbrougli 



Eipestain 

Homptone 

Flatesbi 

Burg 

Arghendene 

Copegrave 

Page 62b. 
Birnebeha' 
Wipelei 

Bemeslai 

Beurelie 

Dacre 

Litelbran 

Miclielbran 

Neusone 

Wedrebi 
Berghebi 
Distone 
Gemunstorp 



Crave 
Merdelai 
Heldetone 



Cotingelai 
Colingaworde 



Little Ribston 
Hopperton 
Flaxby ■ 
Aldbrougli 
Arkendale 

Copgrove 

Brim ham 
Whipley in Clint 

Beamsley 

Bewerley 

Dacre 

Little Braham 

Great Braham 

Newsome in Spofforth 

Wetherby 
Barrowby 
North Deighton 
Ingmanthorp 



Holsingoure Hunsingore 



Craven 
Marley 
Halton (now Harden) 



Cottingley 
Cullmgworth 



Dunes forth 
Bran ton green 
Graf ton 
Cat hal al 
Hulsing Hunsing 

oure 
Chenares Knares 

burg brough 
Ripe Rib stain ton 
Homp Hopper ton 
Flates Flax by 
Aid burg brough 
Arghen Arken den 

dale 
Cope grave grove 

Birnebe Brim ham 
Wipe Whip ley 

Clint 
Bemes Beams ley 
Beure Bewer ley 
Dacre 

Litel Little Braam 
Michel Braam 
New(s)ome on 

Spofforth 
Wedre Wether by 
Bergh Barrow by 
Dis Die Deigh ton 
Gemuns Ingman 

thorp 
Holsing Hunsing 

oure 
Craven 

Merd Mar ley 
St. Hilda's town ? 

Held Hal ton, 

Har den 
Cot ing ley 
Col Cull ing worth 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



91 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Hageneworde Hainworth 

Est Treding. East Riding. 

Cave Hundret, 
Cotewid East Cottingwith 

Poclinton Hundret. Pocklington 



Steflingfled 



Stillingfleet 



Page 63 a. 

Land of Osbern de Arches. 
West Treding. West Riding. 
Einesti W t ap. Ainsty Wapentake 



Stivetone 

Apletone 

Coletone 

Rodewelle 

Torp 

Ossetone 

Merstone 

Cadre tone 

Hornitone 

Torp 

Waletone 

Biletone 

Mersetone 

Page 63b. 
Tocvi 
Wilestorp 
Wandeslage 
Popletone 
other Popletone 
A scam 



Steeton in Bolton 

Percy 
Appleton Roebuck 
Colton 
Roth well 
Pallethorp 
Oxton 
Marston 
Catterton 
Hornington 
Thorparch 

W 7 alton 

Bilton 

Marston 

Tockwith 
Wilstrop 

Hutton Wandesley 
Upper Poppleton 
Nether ,, 
Askham Richard 



Scarchetorp Scagglethorp 



Hesdesai 

Cnapetone 

Rufort 



Hessay 

Knapton 

Rufforth 



Borgescire Wapent. Claro Wap. 



Component Parts. 

Hay en e Hain worth 

East Tri thing ding 

Cave 

Cote Cotting wid 

with 
Pockl ing ton 
Sterling Stilling 

fled fleet 



Eines Annes ty 
Stive Stee ton, 

Bolton Percy 
Apple ton Roebuck 
Cole ton 
Rode Roth well 
Palle thorp 
Osse Ox ton 
Mers Mars ton 
Cadre Catter ton 
Horni Horning ton 
Arches, (owner), 

Thorp 
Wal ton 
Bil ton 
Merse Mars ton 

Tock vi with 
W T ils thorp 
Wandes ley Hutton 
Pople Popple ton 

Asc Ask harn an 

Richard 
Search Scaggle 

thorp 
Hesd Hes say 
Cnap Knap ton 
Ru Ruf forth 
Borg scire Claro 



92 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Monechetone 


Nun Monkton 


Monech Monk ton 
Nun 


Pa ffe 64a. 






Chirchebi 


Kirkby, Little 


Chirch Kirk by 




Ousburn 


Ouse burn 


Cucheslage 


Whixley 


Cuches Whix ley 


Hanbretone 


Green Hammerton 


Hanbre Hammer 
ton Green 


other ,, 


Kirk 


„ „ Kirk 


Homptone 


Hopperton 


Homp Hopper ton 


Sosacra 


Sosacre 


South Acres in 
Ripley, Sos acres 


Catale 


Cattal Magna 


Cat al Magna 


Burg 


Aldbrough 


Burg Aid brough 


Barcheston Wapentac. Barkston 


Wap. Barks ton 


Stutune 


Stutton 


Stu Stut ton 


Toglestun 


Toulston 


Toyles Touls ton 


Neweton (bis) 


Newton Kyme 


New ton Kyme 


Oglestorp (bis) 


Oglethorp 


Ogles Ogle thorp 


Crave 


Craven 


Craven 


Siglesdene 


Silsden 


Sigles Siyles Sils 

den 
Heb den 


Hebedene 


Hebden 


Torp 


Thorpe-sub-Montem 


Thorp sub Montem 


Brineshale 


Burnsall 


Brines Burns hal 
sail 


Drebelaie 


Drebley 


Drebe Dreb ley 


Pcuje 6M. 






Land of 0] 


do Arbaltstarius. 




Est Treding. East Riding. 




Hacle Hundret. 


Hacle 


Buchetorp 


Bugthorp 


Buch Bug thorp 


Barchetorp 


Barthorp 


Barch Bar thorp 


Poclinton ] 


Hundret. 


Pooling ton 


Aiultorp 


Youlthorp 


Aiul Youl thorp 


Poclinton 


Pocklington 


Pooling ton 


Hacle Hundret 


Hacle 


Fridagstorp 


Fridaythorp 


Fridays thorp 


Sixtedale 


Thixendale 


Sixte Thixen dale 


Redrestorp 


Raisthorp 


Redres Rais thorp 


Scradiztorp 




Scradiz thorp 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



9a 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Burton Hundret 
Suauetorp Swaythorp 

Hacle Hundret 
Scarpenbec Skirpenbeck 



Component Parts. 

Bur ton 

Suaue Sway thorp 

(Osway) 
Hacle 
Scarpen Skirpen 

beck 
Grimes ton Hanging 
Bur ton 
Chill Kil ham on 



Grimeston Hanging Grimston 

Burton Hundret 
Chillon Kilh am 

Lands of Alberic de Coci. 
Chicheltone Hickleton 

Catebi Cadeby 

Page 65a. 

Lands of Gospatric. 

\Yest Treding. 

Borgescire Wapentac. [Claro \Yapentake] Borg shire 



Chichel Hickle ton 
Cate Cade by 



Martone 


Marton-with-Grafton 


Mar Graf 


Cadretone 


[? Grafton] 


Cadre ton Graf 


A 1 vert one 


Allerton Mauleverer 


Alver Aller ton 
Mauleverer 


Torp 




Thorp 


Tornburne 


Thornbrough in A. 


Torn Thorn burn 




Mauleverer 


brough 


Stanleia 


[Staveley ?] 


Stan Stave ley 


Farneha' 


Farnham 


Farn ham 


Claretone 


Clare ton 


Clare ton 


Lavretone 


Laverton 


Laver ton 


Chirchebi 


Kirkby Malzeard 


Chirch Kirk by 
Malzeard 


Torp 


Grewelthorp 


Grewel thorp 


Stolleia 


Studley 


Stoll Stud Stooth 
ley 


Wincheslaie 


Winksley 


Winchs Winks ley 


Asserle 


Azerley 


Asser Azer ley 


Brameleia 


Bramley in K. 
Malzeard 


Bram ley Malzeard 


Carlesmore 


Carles moor 


Carles moor 


Cotesmore 


Kex moor 


Cotes Kex moor 


Suatune 


Swetton 


Sua Swet ton 


Popletone 


Poppleton in Masham 


Pople Popple ton 
Masham 



'94 yorkshire domesday 

Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Birnebeha' Brimham Birnebe Brim ham 

Adulfestorp Addlethorp Adulfs Addle thorp 

Halichelde Wapentac. Halikeld Wapentake. Halikeld 
Chirchebi Kirkby Hill Chirch Kirk by 

Page 65b. 

Borgescire Wapentac. Claro Wapentake Borg shire 
Beristade Birstwith Berist ade with 

Halichelde Wapentac. Halikeld. Hali keld 
Scheltone Skelton, Ripon Schel Skel tonRipon 

Heworde Heworth (near York ?) He worth 

Est Reding. East Riding. 

Drifelt Hundret. Driffield Hundred. Dri felt field 
Sundreslanwic Sunderlandwick Sundres land wic 

Snechintone Snainton, North Ridg. Snechin Snain ton 

Borgescire Wapentac. [Claro Wap.] Borg shire Claro 
Ascuid Askwith Asc Ask wid with 

Widetun Weeton Wid Wee ton 

Wartle Weardley Wart Weard ley 

Ritun Rigton Ri Rig ton 

Halichelde Wapentac. Halikeld Wapentake Hali keld 
Torp Langthorp Lang thorp 

Torentone Thornton Bridge Thorn ton 

Burtun Humberton Hum bur ber ton 

Bolesford Wapentac. Buhner Wap. Boles ford Bui mer 
Bratfortone Brafferton Brat Braf for fer 

ton 

Gerlestre Wapentac. Birdforth Wapentake. Gerles, 

Gal tre Bird orth 
Ulvestone Oalston Ulves Ouls ton 

Halichelde Wapentac. Halikeld Wap. Hali keld 
Burtone Humberton Bur ton Hum 

Burg Aldbrough Aid burg brough 

Annesti Wapentac. Ainsty Wapentake. Amies Ains ty 
Bicretone Bickerton Bicre Bicker ton 

Borgescire Wapentac. Claro Wapentake. Borg, Claro 
Aldefelt Aldfield Aid felt field 

Sneculfcross Hundret. East Riding. Sneculf cross 
Middeltun Middleton-on-the- Middle ton Wolds 

Wolds 

Toreshou Hundret. Tores hou (Thors) 
■Slidemare Sledmere Slid Sled mare mere 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



95 



Canbesford 



Strafford Wapentake. 
Derewelle Darfield 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Borgescire Wapentac. Claro Wapentake. Borg Claro 
Neresforde Narford, now Skeldon Neres Nar ford 

or Skelden Skel don den 

Page 66a. 

Lands of the King's Thanes. 
West Treding. West Riding. 

Siraches Wapent. Skyrack Wapentake. Scir ack 
Barkston Ash Wapentake. Barks ton Ash 

Carletun Carlton in Snaith Carl ton Snaith 

Camblesfortli Canbes Cambles 

forth 
Strat Straf ford 
Der Dar well field 
Wanb ell Womb 

well 
Med el Mel ton 
Merel 
Wate Wade Wath 

Dearne 
Medel Mel ton 
Bran Bramp ton 

Byer law 
Biling Billing ley 
Ernulfes, Arm thorp 
Osgoldcross Wapentake. 

Of-gold Osgot cross 
Whitley in Kellington Wite Whit ley, 

Kellington 
Annesti Wapentac. Ainsty Wapentake. Annes Ains ty 
Mulede Mu lede 

Page 66b. 
Badetorpes Bade thorpe 

Acuta Acomb Ac um A comb 

Borgescire Wapentac. Claro Wapentake. Borg Claro 



Wanbella 

Medeltone 
Mereltone 
Wate 

Medeltone 
Brantone 

Bilingehe 
Ernulfestorp 



Wombwell 
West Melton 

» J 5 5 

Wath-upon-Dearne 

Melton-on-the Hill 
Brampton Byerlaw 

Billingley 
Arm thorp 



Osgotcros Wapentac 



Witelai 



Usebiirne 


Little Ouseburn 


Use Ouse burn 


Homtone 


Hopperton 


Horn Hopper ton 


Alvertone 


Allerton Mauleverer 


Alver Aller ton, 
Mauleverer 


Lothuse 


Lofthouse Hill 


Lot Loft hus hill 


Scotone 


Scotton 


Sco Scot ton 


Torp 


Thorp, near Scotton 


Thorp 



96 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Lavreton Laverton 

Widetone Widdington 

Widetone Weeton 

Aserla Azerley 

Kitone Rigton 

Mst Treding. East Riding. 

Hase Hundret. Hessle Hundred. 
Urnlouebi Anlaby 



Component Parts. 
Laver ton 
Wid with Widd 

ing ton 
Wid Wee ton 
Aser Azer ley 
Ri Rig ton 



Hase Hessle 
Umlove Amlaf 
Anla by 
Drifelt Hundret. Driffield Hundred. Dri felt 
Tibetorp Tibthorp Tib thorp 

Wartre Hundret. Warter Hundred. War tre 
Dalton North Dalton Dal ton 

Brunha' Nunburnholme Brim ham holme 

nun 
Poclinton Hun'. Pocklington Hundred. Pockl iug ton 
Bodelton Bolton in Bishop Bodel Bol ton, 

Wilton Wil ton 

Huntou Hundret. Hunt ou 

Flaneburc Flambrough Flane Flam burc 

brongh 
Wartre Hundret. Warter Hundred. Wartre 



Hughete Huggate 

Page 67a. 

Huntou Hundret. 
Martone 



Marton, Bridlington 



Hilgretorp 
Frestintorp 



Hilderthorp 
Fraisthorp 

Turbar Hundret. 
Helmeswelle Emswell 

Burton Hundret. 
Chillun Kilham 

Grenzmore Gransmoor 

Arpen Harpham 

Logetorp Lowthorp 

Rodestan Rudston(e) 

Scard Hundret. 
Briteshale Birdsall 

Sudtone Sutton (? in Norton) 



Hugh Hug et gate 

Hunt ou 

Mar ton Bridling 

ton 
Hilgre Hilder thorp 
Frestin Frais thorp 
Turbar 

Helmes Ems well 
Bur ton 

Chill Kil ham un 
Greuz Grans moor 
Arp Harp ham en 
Loge Low thorp 
Rod Rud stan 
Scard 

Brites Birds hal sail 
Sud Sut ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



97 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Hacle Hundret. 
Grimstone Hanging Grimston 

Chirchebi Kirkby Underdale 



Tkorf 

Gheruenzbi 

Turalzbi 

Warran 



Painsthorp 

Garrowby 

Thoralby 

Wharram Percy 



ToRESHOU HUNDRET. 

Heslertone East Heslerton 

another ,, West ,, 

Welleton Hundret. 
Walchintone Walkington 

Wicstun Hundret. 
Clive North Cliff 

Sneculfcros Hundret. 
Waton Watton 

Page 67 b. 

Nort Treding. North Hiding. 

Langeberge Wapentac. Langbar^ 



Wilt une (bis) 


Wilton 


Lesinghebi 


Lazenby 


Ormesbi (bis) 


Ormesby 


Upeshale 


Up sail 


Childale 


Kildale 


Martune (bis) 


Marton 


Tollesbi 


Tolesby 


Stocheslage 


Stokesley 


Codeschelf 


Scutterskelfe 


Turoldesbi 


Thoraldby 


Englebi 


Ingleby Greenhow 


Broctune 


Little Broughton 


Tametun 


Tanton 


Cherchebi 


Kirkby in Cleveland 


Buschebi 

G 


Little Busby 



Component Parts. 

Hacle 

Grirns ton Hanging 

Chirch Kirk by 

Underdale 
Pains thorp torf 
Gheruenz G arrow 
Turalz Thoral 

Thorolds by 
Whar Wharr am an 

Percy 
Tores Thorolds hou 
Hesler ton 

Well ton" 
Walchin Walk ing 

ton 
Wics ton 
Clive Cliff 
Sneculf cross 
Wa Wat ton 



jh Wapentake. 
Lang bargh 
Wil ton 

Lesingh Lazen by 
Orines by 
Upes hal Up sail 
Chil Kil dale 
Mar ton 
Tolles by 

Stoches Stokes ley 
Code Scutter skelfe 
Turoldes Thoraldby 
Engle Ingle by 

Green how 
Broc Brough ton 
Tame Tan ton 
Cherch Kirk by 

Cleveland 
Busch Bus by, Little 



98 yorkshire domesday 

Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Buschebi Great Busby Busch Bus by, Great 

Dragmalebi Dromonby Dragmale Dromon 

Die Wapentac. Dickering Wapentake. Die Dicker ing 
Stemanesbi Stemanes by 

Bolesford Wapentac. Bulmer Wapentake. Boles ford 
Lilinge East Lilling Liling Lill ing 

Gerlestre Wapentac. , Part of Birdforth Wap. Girles 

Gal tre 
Newehusu Newsham in North- New hus bam urn 

allerton 
Bolesford Wapentac. Bulmer Wap. Bolesford Bulmer 
Hobi Huby Hob Hu by 

Estreding. East Riding. 
Huntou Hundret. Hunt ou. 
Siwardbi Sewerby Siward Sewer by 

Burton Hundret. Bur ton 

Cherendebi Carnaby Cherend Carna by 

Par/e 68a. 

Hacle Hundret. Hacle 

Aclun Acklam Ack Acl Hacke am 

un 
Ledlinghe Leavening Ledlingh Leaven 

ing 
West Tred. West Riding. 

Osgotcros Wapentac. Osgoldcross Wap. Osgot Osgold 

cross 
Edeshale Hensall Edres Hens bal sail 

Esnoid Snaith Esnoid Snaith 

Stancros Wapentac. Staincross Wapentake. Stain cross 
Wirtleie Wortley in Tankersley Wirt Wort ley 

Tankers ley 
Annesti Wapentac. Ainsty Wapentake. Ains ty 
Badetorp Bad thorp 

Acastre Acaster Selby A caster Selby 

Borgescire Wapentac. Claro Wapentake. Borg Claro 
Dunesforde Dunsforth Duns forth 

Brantune Branton green Bran ton green 

Graftone Grafton Graf ton 

Stollai Stuclley Stoll Stooth Stud 

ley 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



99 



Domesday, 1086. 

Wipeleie 

Kipeleie 

Cheswic 

Ristone 

Billetone 
Page 68b. 
Crave 
Rilestun 
Herlintone 

Apletrewic (bis) 

Brinshale 

Torp 

Herlintun 

Eilistune 

Holeclene 

Chileseie 



Modern. 
Whipley in Clint 
Ripley 

Dun Keswick 
(Rigton in K. Over- 
blow ? ) 
Bilton, Knaresbrougb 

Craven 
Rilston 
Hartlington 

Appletreewick 

Burnsall 

Thorp-sub-Montem 

Hartlington 

Rilston 

Holden 

Kilnsey 



Hewrde 

Cunestune Coniston 

Page 69a. 

Lands of Roger Pictavensis 
Ghigeleswic Giggleswick 



Stranforde 

Rodemele 
Cbircbebi 

Litone 
Cuningestone 



(Stainforth ?) 

Rathmell 

Kirkby Malbamdale 

Litton 

Cold Coniston 



Bernulfeswic Barnoldswick 



Prestune 

Stainforde 

Wiclesforde 

Helgefelt 

Neuhuse 



Long Preston 
Stainforth 

Wigglesworth 

Hellifield 
Newsbolme 



Component Parts. 
Wipe Wbip ley 
Ripe Rip ley 
Dun dies Kes wic 
Ris Rig ton Over 

blow 
Bil ton, Knares bro 

Craven 

Rils ton 

Her Hart Hartl 

iug ton lin 
Apple tre wic 
Brins Burns bal all 
Thorp sub Montem 
Her Hart lin ton 
Rilis Rils ton 
Hole Hoi den 
Chils Chil sei Kiln 

sey ey 
He worth 
Cunes Conis ton 



Ghigels Gigles wic 
Stran (Strang) 

Stain forth 
Rode Rath mell 
C birch Kirk by 

Malham dale 
Li Lit ton 
Cuuiuges Conis ton 

Cold 
Bernulfs Barnolds 

wic 
Prest Long ton 
Stain forth 
Wicles Wiggles 

forth worth 
Helye Helli field 
New hus News 

holme 



100 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Padehale (Painley ?) 

Gbiseburne Gisburn 

Hortone Horton 

Cbeuebroc Kelbrook 



Crocbes 


Crooks House 


Cbetelewelle 


Kettlewell 


Huburgbeba' 


Hubberbolme 


Stampbotne 


Starbotton 


Anele 


Ainley 


Setel 


Settle 


Witreburne 


Winterburn 


Leuetat 




Flatebi 




Geregrave 


Gargrave 


Neutone 


Bank Newton 


Hortnne 


Horton 


Selesat 


(Selside) 


Rodemare 


(? Ratbmell) 


"Wincbeleswrde 


Wiggleswortb 


Helgeflet 


Hellifield 


Erneforde 


Arnford 


Oaretorp 




Patborme 


Paythorne 


Elwinetorp 


Ellentborp 


Otreburne 


Otterburn 


Gberegrave 


Gargrave 


Carlentone 


Carlton 


Lodresdene 


Lotbersdale 


Braisuelle 


Bracewell 


Stocbe 


Stock 


B roc tune 


Brougbton 


Collingbe 


CowliDg 


Torentune 


Tbornton 


Eurebi 


Earby 



Component Parts. 
Pade bal Pain ley 
Gbise Gis burn 
Hor ton 
Cbev Kel broc 

brook 
Crocb Crooks 
Cbetel Kettle well 
Hu bergh ber bam 

bolme 
Staropb otne Star 

bottom 
Ane Ain ley 
Set el tie ' 
Wit re Winter burn 
Lev tat 
Flate by 
Ger Gar grave 
Neu ton Baok 
Hor ton 
Sel sat side 
Bode Rath mare 

mell 
Winchels Wiggles 

worth 
Helye Helli net 

field 
Erne Arn ford 
Car thorp 
Pa Pay thorn 
Elwin Ellen thorp 
Otre Otter burn 
Gber Gar grave 
Carlen Carl ton 
Lodres Lothers den 

dale 
Brais Brace well 
Stock 

Broc Brougb ton 
Coll Cowl ing 
Thorn ton 
Eure Ear by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



101 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


another Eurebi 


Earby 


Eure Ear by 


Eleslac 


Elslack 


Eles lac El slack 


Neutone 


Little Newton 


Neu ton 


Hetune 


Hetton 


He Het ton 


Stainton 


Stainton in Gargrave 


Stain ton Gar 
grave 


Mar tun 


Mar ton (East and 
West) 


Mar ton 


Ucnetorp 


Ingthorp 


Ucne Ing thorp 


Airtone 


Airton 


Air ton 


Scotorp 


Scostlirop 


Sco Scos throp 


Caltun 


Calton 


Cal ton 


Lanclif 


L an cliff e 


Lan cliff 


Stacuse 


Stackhouse 


Stac Stack us house 


Estune 


Eshton 


Es Esh ton 


Page 69b. 






Borelaie 


Bordley 


Bore Bord ley 


Arneclif 


Arncliffe 


Arn cliffe 


Hocheswic 


Hawkswick 


Heches Hawks wic 


Gretlintone 


Grindleton 


Gret lin Grindle ton 


Bradeforde 


West Bradford 


Brad ford West 


Widitun 


Waddington 


Widi Wadd ing ton 


Baschelf 


Bashall 


Bas schelf shall 


Mitune 


Mitton 


Mi Mit ton 


Hamereton 


Hamrnerton 


Hammer ton 


Slateborne 


Slaidburn 


Slate Slaid burn 


Badresbi 




Badres Battrix by 


Neutone 


Newton on Hodder 


New ton Hodder 


Bogewrde 




Bog Boy worth 


Esintune 


Easington 


Es Eas ing ton 


Radun 


Badholme 


Bad holme un 


Sotleie 


(Sawley, Salley ?) 


Sot Saw Sal ley 



Ulf and Machel held 
Lanesdale Lonsdale 

Cocreha Cockerham 

Cliber, Machern and Chilemichel 
Estun Ashton 

Ellhale Ellel 

Scozford Scotforth 

Earl Tosti held Biedun, Beetham 



held 



102 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Roger Pictavensis and Ernuin held 



Talant 


Ye aland 




Fareltun 


Farelton 




Prestun 


Preston 




Bereuuic 


B or wick 




Hennecastre 


Hencaster 




Eureshaim 


Eversham 




Lefuenes 


Levens 




(rest of page blank.) 




Page 70a. 






Land of Robert de Bruis [A 


different and somewhat 


later hand- writing for all Bruce 's lands.] 


Oustredinc. 


East Riding. 




Bortona 


Burton Agnes 


Bor Bur ton Agnes 


Harpein 


Harpham 


Harp ham in 


Grentesmor 


Gransmoor 


Grents Grans moor 


Haschetorp 


Haisthorp 


Hasch Hais thorp 


Tirnu' 


Thornholme 


Tirn Thorn holme um 


Foxohole 


Foxholes 


Fox hole (Fawkes, 
Vaux) 


Tuenc 


Thwing 


Tuenc Thwing 


Rodestein 


Rudston(e) 


Rode Rud stein 


Haselintonis 


Heslerton, East 


Hasel Hesler lin 


>> 


and West 


ton 


Scamestona 


Scampston 


Scames Scamps ton 


Burnous 


Kirkburn 


Burn ous Kirk 


Tipetorp 


Tibthorp 


Tip Tib thorp 


Brentingeha' 


Brantingham 


Brenting Brant ing 
ham 


Cava 


North Cave 


Cave 


Hodhu' 


Hotham 


Hodh Hoth am um 


Clive 


South Cliff 


Clive Cliff 


Chelingewic 


Kilnwick Percy 


Cheling Kiln wic 
Percy 


Milletona 


Millington 


Mille Milling ton 


Brideshala 


Birdsall 


Brids Bird hal sail 


Geruezbi 


Garrowby 


Geruez Garrow by 


Eduardestorp 


Eddlethorp 


Edwards Eddie 
thorp 


Torgrimestorp 


? Thorn thorpe, 


Thorgrims Thorn 




Langton 


thorp Lang ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



103 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Fribia 


Firby 


Frie Fir by 


Grimetona 


North Grimston 


Grim Grims ton 


Berguetorp 


Burythorp 


Bergu Bury thorp 


Westredinc 


. West Biding. 




Aluretona 


Allerton Mauleverer 


Alvre Aller ton 
Mauleverer 


Widetona 


Widdington 


Wid e Widd ing ton 


Usebruna 


Little Ouseburn 


Use Ouse brun 
burn 


Hopretone 


Hopperton 


Hopre Hopper ton 


Doneforde 


Dunsforth 


Don Duns forth 


Brantona 


Branton Green 


Bran ton Green 


Grafton a 


Grafton 


Graf ton 


Torp 


Thorp, near Scotton 


Thorp Scot ton 


Scotona 


Scotton 


Sco Scot ton 


Sotesac 


South Acres, Bipley 


Sotes South ac 
acres, Bipley 


Lavretona 


Laverton 


Laver ton 


Haserlai 


Azerley 


Haser Azer ley 


Page 70b. 






Ledelai 


Leathley 


Lede Leath ley 


Bodurn 


Bawdon 


Bod Baw don dum 


Hoseforde 


Horsforth 


Hose Hors forth 


Torp 


(? Thorp in Idle) 


Thorp Ide hill 


Carletona 


Carlton (?in Snaith 


Carl ton Snaith 




or Guiseley) 


Guise ley 


Gamesford 


Camblesforth 


Game(l)s Cambles 
forth 


NoRTREDING 


. North Biding. 




Apeltona 


Appleton-upon-Wiske 


Apel ton Wiske 


Hornebia 


Hornby, in Great 
Smeaton 


Horn by Smea ton 


Wercbesbala 


Low Worsall 


Werchs Wors hal all 


Gerou 


Yarm 


Ger ou Yar urn 


Otrintona 


North Ottrington 


Otrin Ottr ing ton 


Herlesia 


East Harlsey 


Herl Harl sey 


Welberga 


Welbury 


Wei berg bury 


Levetona 


Kirk Levin gton 


Leve Leving ton 

Kirk 


other ,, 


Castle ,, 


,, ,, Castle 


Morton a 


Morton 


Mor ton 



104 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Bordelbia 


Bordelby now 


Bor del by, Mt. 




Mount Grace 


Grace 


Erneclive 


Arncliffe 


Ern Am Cliv Cliff 


Englebia 


Iugleby Arncliffe 


Engle Ingle by ,, 


Buschebia 


Busby 


Busch Bus by 


Or atom a 


Crathorne 


Gra tborne 


Foxtun 


Foxton 


Fox ton 


Hiltona 


Hilton 


Hil ton 


Torruozbia 


Thorn aby 


Thormoz Thorna by 


Martona 


Marton 


Mar ton 


Niuehain 


Newham 


New ham 


Tolesbi 


Tolesby 


Toles Tholes by 


Achelu' 


Acklam 


Achel Ackl am um 


Foitesbi 


Faceby 


Foites Face by 


Tametona 


Tanton 


Tame Thame Tan 
ton 


Goltona 


Goulton 


Gol Goul ton 


Bergolbi 




Bergolfs by 


Torp 


Nunthorp 


Nun thorp 


Mortona 


Morton in Ormesby 


Mor ton Orines by 


Nietona 


Newton 


New ton 


Upesale 


Upsall 


Up sail 


Oustorp 


(? Pinchinthorp) 


Ous thorp Pinchin 


Childala 


Kildale 


Chil Kil dale 


Ormesbia 


Ormesby 


Ormes by 


Laisinbia 


Lazenby 


Laisin Lazen by 


Giseborne 


Guisbrough 


Gise Guis borne 
brough 


Esteintoua 


Stainton 


Estein Stain ton 


Morhusu' 


Great Moorsbolme 


Moor hous holme 


Caltoma 


Cawthorne, in 


um 
Cal Caw thorn, 




Middleton 


Middle ton 


Crambun 


Crambe 


Cramb uu 


Niehusu' 


Newsham, Appleton 


New hus um ham 




le street 


street 


Edmundrebia 


Amotherby 


Edmundre Amother 

by 
Ho Hut ton Moor 


Hotuu 


Hutton Moorton, lost 






ton 


Galmetona 


Ganton 


Galme Gan ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



105 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Brunetona Potter Broinpton 



Page 71a. 
Torentona 

Wicarn 
Caimtona 

Harpein 

Grentesrnora 

Eschedala 

Danebia 

Cru'becliva 



Thornton, near 

Pickering 
Wykeham 
Cayton, Seamer 

Harpham 
Gransmoor 
Eskdale 
Ban by 
Crunkley Gill 



Component Parts. 
Brun Brornp ton 
Potter 

Thorn ton, Picker- 
ing 

Wic Wyke am ham 

Caim Cay ton Sea 
mer 

Harp ham in 

Grents Grans moor 

Esch Esk dale 

Dane Dan by 

Crumbe clive 
Crunk ley Gill 

Hanech ton 



Lacl Ackl am nm 



Hanechetonis 
the other ,, 

Laclum Acklam 

Page 71b. blank 
Pages 72-76, all blank. 

Claims for Euruic Scire (York- shire) Eure-vic Yor'k 
Page 77a. 
Nort Treding. North Riding. 
Langeberge Wapentac. 
Figelinge Eyling dales 

Witebi Whitby 



Maneskou 
Stain egrif 
Hotone 
Hotune 

^Estredin 
Clive 
Elretone 
Middeltun 

Drifeld (bis) 

Dalton 

Naborne 

Toreshou 
Crogun 



Wapentac 

Stonegrave 

Sand Button 

Sheriff Hutton 
g. East Biding 

South Cliff 

Ellerton 

Middleton-on-the- 
Wolds 

Driffield 

North Dalton 

Nab urn 
Wapentac. 

Croom 



Lang, bergh 
Fiyel ing dales 
(older name Streons 

halgh) Whit by 
Manes hou 
Stain grif grave 
llo Hut ton Sand 
,, Shenf 
? Mulgrave from Mule 
Clive, Cliff 
Eire i^ller ton 
Middle ton Wolds 

Dri field 
Dal ton 
Na burn 
Thores hou 
Crog Croy Croom 
un 



10G 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 

i 


Burton 


(Cherry or North) 
Burton 


1 

Bur ton Cherry 


Bevreli 


Beverley 


Bevre Bever ley 


Welletone 


Welton 


Well ton 


Ballebi 


Belby 


Balle Bel by 


Brentingha' 


Brantingham 


Brentiug Brant ing 
ham 


Cave 


South Cave 


Cave 


Lont 


Lund 


Lont Lund 


Page 77b. 






Birland 


Burland 


Bir Bur land 


Houeden 


Howden 


Hou How den 


Bellebi 


Belby 


Belle Bel by 


Ac tun 


Aughton 


Ac Augh ton 


Nortdufelt 


North Duffield 


Nort Du field 


Suddufelt 


South Duffield 


Sud du field 


Poclinton 


Pocklington 


Pocl ing ton 


Euruic 


Eure-wic, York 


Eur wic York 


Clive 


Long Cliff 


Clive Cliff 


Ansgotebi 


Osgodby 


Ansgot Osgod by 


Santune 


Sancton 


San Sane ton 


Welletone (bis) 


Welton 


Well ton 


Bevreli (bis) 


Beverley 


Bevre Bever ley 


Neutone 


Newton 


New ton 


Ianulfestorp 


Owsthorp 


Ianulfs Ows thorp 


Scornesbi 


Scoreby 


Scornes Score by 


Donniton 


Dunnington 


Donni Dunning ton 


Grimeston 


Grimston 


Grimes ton 


Page 78a. 






Rudetorp 


Bud stone ? 


Bude thorp Rudstan 


Alwintone 


Elvington 


Alwin Elving ton 


Coldrid (bis) 


(? Wheldrake) 


Col drid Whel drake 


Cliftune 


Clifton, near York 


Clif ton Yor wic 


Logetorp 


Lowthorp 


Loye Low thorp 


Scarpinberg 


Skirpenbeck 


Scarpin Skirpen 
berg beck 


Scardiztorp 




Scardiz thorp 


Risbi 


Risby 


Ris by 


Walchinton 


Walkington 


Walchin Walking 



ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



107 



Domesday, 1086. Modern, 

Westreding. West Riding. 
Barcheston Wapentac. 
Siraches Wapentac. 

Tornoure Thorn er 

Iadon Yeadon 



Oglestorp 

Bra m eh a' 

Heselewode (bis 

Stantun 

Tatecastre 

Mileforde 

Neuhuse 

Toglestun 

Bidre 

Saxehale 

Lede 

Neutone 

Berchine 

Page 78b. 
Tatecastre 
Warda' 
Riston 
Contone 

Strafordes 
Cliftune (bis) 
Berneborc 



Oglethorp 

Bramharn 
) Haslewood 
' (Stutton?) 

Tadcaster 

North Milford 

Toulston 
Rvther 

Lede Chapel 
Newton Kyine 
Birkin 

Tadcaster 
Weardley 
Rigton ? 
Compton ? 
Wapentac. 

Clifton (Earl Warren's] 
Barnbrough 



Coningesborc Conisbrough 



Wiselewinc 
Barneburg 
Sandale 
Coningesburg 

(bis) 
Branwode 



Wilsick 
Barnbrough 
Sandall 
Conisbrongh 



B ram with 



Tudeforde Tudworth 

Steinforde Stainforth 

Fiscelac Fishlake 

Lovreshale (bis) Loversall 



Component Parts. 

Barchs ton Ash 
Skyr acks 
Thorn ur er 
la don [large dam 

remains] 
Ogles Ogle thorp 
Brame Bram ham 
Hesel Hasle wood 
Stan Stut ton 
Tate Tad eastre 
Mil ford 
New house 
Toyles Touls ton 
Ridre Ryther 
Sax hal (ton) 
Lede Chapel 
New ton Kyme 
Berch Birk in 

Tate Tad eastre 

Ward Weard am ley 

Ris Rig ton 

Con Comp ton 

Stra forth 

Clif ton 

Bern Barn bore 

brou gh 
Coninges Conis bore 

brongh 
Wisel Wils wine ick 
Barn burg brough 
San dale Sand all 
Coninges Conis 

burg brough 
Bran Bram wode 

with 
TudeTud ford worth 
Stein forth 
Fisc Fish lac lake 
Lovres hal sail 



108 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Hestorp 


Hexthorp 


Hes Hex thorp 


Scirestorp 


Streetthorpe 


Scires Shires, Street 
thorp 


Catlialai 


(Cattal ?) 


Cath lai Cat al 


Estorp (bis) 


Hextborp 


Es Hex thorp 


Wadewrde (bis) 


Wadworth 


Wade Wad worth 


Steineshale 


Stancil 


Steines Stanc hal il 


Haltune 


Great Houghton 


Hal Hough ton 


Hadewic 


Adwick-le- Street 


Hade Ad wic le 
Street 


Morelege i 


(Morley) Wapentac. 


Mor ley 


Morelege 


M orley 


? > ?5 


Wa chef eld 


Wakefield 


Wach field Wake 


Anestig 


(Ainsty) Wapentac 


Anes tiy 


Stivetuue 


Steeton 


Stive Steet ton 


Coletune 


Colton 


Cole Col ton 


Cadre tune 


Catterton 


Cadre Catter ton 


Page 79a. 






Hagendebi 


Hagenby, near 


Hagende Hayen by 




Esedike 


Es dike 


Helage 


Healaugli 


He lay Hea laugh 


Coletune (bis) 


Colton 


Col ton 


Stivetune 


Steeton 


Stive Stee ton 


Ascha' 


Askharn Kiehard 


Asch Ask am ham 
Kiehard 


Torp 


Pallethorp 


Palle Thorp 


Mulehale 




Mule hal (Mule's 
griff) 


Horninctune 


Hornington 


Horninc Horning 
ton 


Scachertorp 


Scagglethorp 


Scacher Scaggle 
thorp 


Popletunis 


Poppleton, Upper 


Popple ton Upper 


5 5 


and Nether 


,, ,, Nether 


Bodeltune (bis) 


Bolton Percy 


Bodel Bol ton Percy 


Hailaga (bis) 


Healaugli 


Hai Hea laya laugh 


Waietune 


Walton 


Wal ton 


Apeltone 


Appleton Pioebuck 


Apel ton Boebuck 


Stivetone 


Steeton 


Stive Stee ton 


Hornintone 


Hornington 


Horn ing ton 


Oxetone 


Oxton 


Ox ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



109 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Torp Pallethorp 

Coletone Colton 

Borchescire (Claro) Wapentake. 
Monechetone Nun Monkton 
Beverlei (St. Beverley 

John) 
Page 79b. 

Heldernesse Holderness 

Branzbortune Bransburtou 

Livetotholrn Lunetotholm 

Chenuthesholrn Cnutsholrn 



Catefos 


Cat-foss 


Risun 


Rise 


Catinwic 


Cat wick 


Alwerdebi 


Ellerby 


La'betorp 


Langtborp 


Sprotelie 


Sproatley 


Chaingeha' 


KeyiDgbam 


Prestune 


Preston 


Andrebi 




Waxbam 


Waxbolrne 


Redrnaere 


Redmere field 


Holmetune 


Holmpton 


Utrisun 


(Out) Rysome Garth 


Torp 




Sotecotes 


Soutbcoates 


Hailaga 


Healaugh 


Bodeltone 


Bolton Percy 


Hagedebi 


Hagenby in Esedike, 




lost 


Acastre 


Acaster 


Wlsintone 


Ouston 


Wale tone 


Walton 


Ruforde 


RufTbrd 


Asebam 


Askham Bryan 


Page 80 blanl 





Component Parts. 
Palle thorp 
Col ton 

Borch Burg shire 
Monech Monk ton 
(Drogo de Bevere 
owner,) Bever ley 

Helder Hoi der 

ness 
Branz Brans bur 

ton 
(formerly Livetot's) 

Livetot holm 
(formerly Cnut's or 

Chenutes) holm 
Cate Cat foss 
Rise un 
Catin Cat wic 
Alverd Eller by 
Lamb Lang thorp 
Sprot Sproat ley 
Chaing Key ing ham 
Prest ton 
Andrew by 
Wax holme 
Red mere 
Holme Holmp ton 
Ut ris Rys ome un 

Garth 
Thorp 

Sote South cotes 
Hai Hea lay laugh 
Bodel Bol ton Percy 
Haged Hagen by 

Es dike 
A castre 
Wlfsin Ous ton 
Wal ton 
Ru Ruf forth 
Asch ham Bryan 



110 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Page 81 (a) Recapitulation, or Index. West Biding. 
York and Suburbs (page 1) twelve names: — 
Siraches Wapentac. Skyrack Wapentake. Shire oak, 

Headingley 
Archbp. has 

Otelai (bis) Otley 
,, Pouele Pool 

,, Gisele Guiseley 

,, HauocesordeHawksworth 



other Hauoehesord (?Esholt) 
Beldone Baildon 
Mersintone Menston 



Burgelei 
Illeclive 



Burley 
Ilkley 



Gereburg Wapentac. 



Ote Otho ley 
Pouel Poole 
Gise Guys ley 
Hauoces Hawks ord 
worth 

,, ., Esh holt 
Bel Bail don 
Mersin Men sing 

Mens ton 
Burg Bur ley 
Olicana (Roman,) 

Llecan (British,) 

cliff ley 
(Part of Borgescire Wap.?) 

Gerburg, Burg shire 



55 


Stube 


Stubham Wood, Ilkley 


Stub ham Stub ic 


55 


Fernelie 


Farnley 


Farn ley 


55 


Mideltun 


Middleton 


Middle ton 


55 


Timbe 


Timble (Great or 
Little) 


Timbe Timble 


55 


Den tun 


Denton 


Den ton 


55 


E stone 


(?East end) 


Es ton East end 


55 


Cliftun 


Clifton 


Clif ton 


55 


Bicherun 




Bicher un 


Abp 


i. and Go spat 


ric's. 




55 


Ritun 


Ryton 


Ri Rig ton 


55 


Wartle 


Weardley 


Wart Weard ley 


Laci has Chipesch Kippax 


Chip Kip esch ax 


55 


Ledestun 


Ledston 


Ledes Leds ton 


55 


Alretun 


Allerton Bywater 


Aire Aller ton By- 
water 


55 


Pre stun 


Preston 


Prest ton 


55 


Suillintun 
(bis) 


Swillington 


Swilling ton 


55 


Ingereforde 


? Garforth 


Inger Gar forth 


55 


Sceltun 


Skelton 


Seel Skel ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



Ill 



Domesday, 1086. 

Laci has 

Caldecotes 

Coletun (bis) 

Ossetorp 

Manestun 

Berewich 

Chidal (bis) 

Potertuu 

Prlintun 

Chipetun 

Gereford 

Stretun (bis) 

Scipene 

Prtilintun 

Cudford 

Halletun 

Sacrofft 

Tornoure 

Bretebi 

Watecroft 

Alretun 



The 



Cipetun 
Neuhusu' 

Torp 

Ledes 

Hedingelei 

Snitertun 

King has 

Scadewelle 

Mortun ( 

Wodelmsu' 

Berdesei 

Redelesdene 

Harewode 

Niwehal(bis) 

Chesing 

Stochetun 



Modern. 

Coldcotes 

Colton 

Austhorp 

Manston 

Bar wick 

Kiddal 

Potterton 

Parlington 

Gipton 

Gar for th 

Sturton Grange 

Shippen House 

Parlington 

Cuforth 

Halton 

Seacroft 

Thorner 

Birkby Hill 

Allerton (Chapel ?) 

Gipton 

Temple Newsham 

Thorp Stapleton 

Leeds 

Headingley 



Shadwell 

not Bingley parish) 

Woodhouse, 

? Wothersome 
Bardsey 
Riddlesden 
Harewood 
Newhall 
Keswick (East) 
Stockton Farm 



Component Parts. 

Cald Cold cotes 
Col ton 

Osse Aus thorp 
Manes Mans ton 
Bere Bar wich wick 
Chid al Kid hall 
Potter ton 
Pari ing ton 
Chipe Gip ton 
Gere Gar forth 
Stre Stur ton 

Grange 
Scip Ship pen 
Parti lin ing ton 
Cud forth 
Hall ton 
Sa Sea croft 
Thorn our er 
Bret Birk by 
Wate croft 
Aire Aller ton 

Chapel 
Cip Gip ton 
New bus ham 

Templars 
Thorp Stapleton 
Ledes Leeds 
He Head ding ley 
Suiter ton 

Scad Shad well 
Mor ton 
Wood hus urn 
Wother some 
Berd Bard sey 
Bedels Riddles den 
Hare wood 
New Hall 
Ches Kes ing wic 
Stoche Stock ton 



112 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

The King has 
,, Locthusun 
,, Stubushu' 
,, Alwoldelei 
,, Wich 
,, Horseford 
,, Roudun 
,, Iadnn 

G. Tisou has 
,, Bra'hop 

Malet has 

Carletun 



Modern. 

Lofthouse (farm) 

Stubb House 

Alwoodley 

Wike 

Horsforth 

Rawdon 

Yeadon 

Brarnhope 

Carlton 



Percy has Illiclei Ilkley 



E. de Burun has 

,, Bingelei 



Beldun 
Helwic 

Mardelei 

Cotingelei 
Hatelton 



Component Parts. 

Loot Loft hus un 

Stub hus um 

Al wold wood ley 

Wich Wike 

Hors forth 

Rou Raw dun don 

la Yea ,, ,, 

Brarne Bram hop 

Carl ton 

Illic Ilk ley, Llecan, 
Olican 

Bing ley 
Bel dun Bail 



Bingley 
(? not Baildon) 
Helwick, now Eldwick Hel (Eld) wic 

in error. 
Marley 



Cottiugley 

Halton, now Harden 



Muceltuit Micklethwaite 



Mard Marth Mar 

ley 

Coting Cotting ley 
Hatel Hal ton Har 

den 
Mucle Mickle tuit 

thwait 



Mortain has 
,, Adele 
,, Ardinton 
Cucheric 



Ad 1 Add hill 
Arding Ar thing ton 
Cuch Cook ric ridge 
Burg Bur durun don 
Ech Ecc ope up 



Adel, or Addle 
Arthington 
Cookridge 
,, Burgedurun Burdon Head 
,, Echope Eccup 

Barcheston Wapentac (Barkston Ash Wapentake.) 
Archbp. has 
,, Scireburne Sherburn Shire Sher burn 

„ Oleschel Ulleskelf Oles Ulles schel 

skelf 
Mortain has 
,, Cliford 
, , Braha' 



Clifford 
Bramham 
Monuchetone Monkton 



Clif ford 

Bra Bram ham 

Monuch Monk ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



115 



Domesday, 1086. 
Mortain has 

,, Togelestun 

,, Niweton 

,, Oglestorp 
Percy has 

,, Heselewode 
Page 81b. 
Percy has Saxhale 

,, Tatecastre 

,, Stuton 
Laci has Saxtun 

,, Stouetun 

,, Grimestun 
(bis) 

,, Touetun 

,, Chirchebi 
(bis) 

,, Led 

,, Burton 
,, Brettan 
Torp 



Modern. 

Toulston 
Newton Kyme 
Oglethorp 

Haslewood 



Tadcaster 



Component Parts. 

Toyels Touls ton 
New ton Kyme 
Ogles thorp 

Hesel Hasel wood 

(Sax, owner,) Sax hal 
Tad castre 



Stutton (Percy and DeArches) Stut ton 



Hunchilhuses 



Saxton 
(? Stutton) 
Grimston 

Towton 
Kirkby Wharfe 

Lead, Lede Chapel 

Burton Hall 

Brayton 

Thorp Willoughby 



,, Barchestun 

,, Fentun 

,, Rie 

,, Hameltun 

,, Berchige 

,, Niweton 

,, Neuhuse 

,, Mileford 

,, Fareburne 

,, Ledesharn 

The King has 

,, Carletun 

Ernwin has 

,, Ca'besford 

Arches has 
,, Togleston 
h 



Barkston 
Church Fenton 
Ryther 
Hambleton 
Birkin 

Newton Wallis 
? Newthorp 
North Milford 
Fairburn 
Led sham 



Carlton 



Sax ton 
Stoue Stut ton 
Grimes ton 

Tow ton 
Chirch Kirk by 

Wharfe 
Led Lead Lede 

Chapel 
Bur ton 
Bret, Bray ton 
Thorp Willoughby 
Hunchil Uncle 

houses 
Barks Barches ton 
Fen ton Church 
Bie By ther 
Hamel ton Hamble 
Berch ing Birk in 
Newton Wallis 
New hus thorp 
Mile Mil ford 
Fare Fair burn 
Ledes Leds ham 



Carle ton 
Centered in 
Camblesforth Skyrack Cambes Cambles 
J forth 



Toulston 



Toyles Touls ton 



114 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Arches has 
,, Neuton (bis) Newton Kyme 
,, Oglestorp Oglethorp 

Paganel has 
,, Drac Drax 

,, Ermenia Armin 
,, Camelesford Camblesforth 

„ Berlai Barlow 

Strafforth Wapentake 
Warren has 
,, Coningesburg Conisbrough 



Busli has 



Lastone 

Trapun 

Dunintone 
Litel Anstan 
Anestan 
Torp 
Wales 
Hotone 
Neuhalle 
W T adewrde 
Stantone 
(bis) _ 
Dadeslei 
Elgebi (bis) 
Wincreslei 
Maltebi 
Brinesford 



Laughton-en-le- 

Morthen 
Throapham 

Dinnington 
South Anston 
North ,, 
Thorp Salvin 
Wales 

Slade Hooton 
Newhall Grange 
Wad worth 
Stainton 

(now Tickhill) 

Hellaby 

Wickersley 

Maltby 

Brinsworth 



,, Tineslawe Tinsley 

„ Gresseburg Greasbrough 

,, Grimeshou 

,, Mechesburg Mexborongh 



Component Parts. 

Neu ton Kyme 
Ogles thorp 

Drac Drax 
Ermen Armin ia 
Camels (Gamels) 
C ambles forth 
Ber Bar lai low 
Stra forth 

Coninges Conis 
burg brough 

Las Laugh ton en 

le Morthen 
Trap Throap ham 

un 
Dun Dinning ton 
An stan Ans ton 

Thorp Salvin 

Wales 

Ho Hoo ton Slade 

New Hall Grange 

Wade Wad worth 

Stan Stain ton 

Dades ley Tick hill 
Elye Hella by 
Wincres Wickers ley 
Malt by 
Brines Biins ford 

worth 
(Thing- lawe) Tins 

ley 
Gresse Greas burg 

brough 
Grimes hou 
Mechs Mex burg 

borough 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



115 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Busli has 




,, Neuhalte 


Newhall 


,, Hotun 


Hooton Roberts 


,, Denegebi 


Denaby 


„ Adewic 


Adwick-on-Dearne 


,, Barneburg 


Barnbrough 


„ Bilha' 


Bilham 


,, Eclesfeld 


Ecclesfield 


,, Wade 


Wath-upon-Dearne 


,, Suintone 


Swinton 



,, Wintreworde Wentworth 

,, Hoilaud Hoylarid in Wath 

,, Wanbuelle Wombwell (also 



Component Parts. 

New hall 

Ho Hoo ton Boberts 

Deney Dena by 

Ade Ad wic Dearne 

Barn burg brough 

Bil ham 

Ecles Eccles Aikils 

field 
Wad Wath Dearne 
Sum Sweyn Swin 

ton 
Wintre Went worth 
Hoi land Wath 
the King and Aincurt) 

Wanb Womb well 



55 


Medeltone 
(bis) 


Melton on the Hill 


Middle Mel ton Hill 


J5 


Toftes 


? Altofts 


Al tofts 


55 


Widuntorp 


(Wildthorp, lost) 


Widun thorp 


15 


Catebi 


Cadeby 


Cate Cade by 


55 


Sproteburg 


Sprotborough 


Sprote burg boro' 


55 


Cuzeworde 


Cusworth 


Cuze Cus worth 


55 


Ballebi 


Balby 


Balle Bal by 


55 


Haltone 


Little Houghton 


Hal Hough ton 


55 


Bilingelie 


Billingley 


Billing ley 


55 


Goldetorp 


Goldthorp 


Gold thorp 


55 


Dermescop 


Thurnscoe 


Dermes Thurns cop 

coe 
Bran wet with Kirk 


55 


Branwet 


Kirk Branwith 


55 


Barnebi 


Barnby upon Don 


Barn by 


55 


Chibereworde Kimberworth 


Chiber Kiniber 








worth 


55 


Honepol 


Hampole 


Hone Ham pol 


55 


Fricelei 


Frickley 


Frice Frick ley 


55 


Stodfald 


Stotfold 


Stod Stot fald fold 


55 


Brochesworde Brodsworth 


Brochs Brods worth 


55 


Picheburne 


Pickburn 


Piche Pick burn 


55 


Aldeworde 


Holdworth 


Aid Hold worth 


Alberic Coci has 






55 


Icheltone 


Hickleton 


Ichel Hickle ton 



116 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Aincurt has 
,, Rodemesc Rawmarsh 



The King has 
,, Dereweld 
,, Merelton 
,, Hoiland 
,, Torp (bis) 
,, Winteworde 

(bis) 
,, Brantone 

(bis) 
„ Wat 
,, Mideltone 
,, Eldeb'ge 

(bis) 
,, Medeltone 
,, Bingelie 
,, Guldetorp 
Perci has 
,, Bodetone 
,, Eilintone 
,, Bradewelle 
,, Donecastre 
,, Triberge 
,-, Daltone 
Mortain has 
, , Marra 
,, Estorp 
,, Donecastre 

(bis) 
,, Ballesbi 
,, Scitelesworde 



Darfield 
West Melton 
Hoyland Swaine 
Thorp Hesley 
Wentworth 

Brampton Bierlow 

Wath upon Dearne 
West Melton 
Hellaby 

Melton on the Hill 

Billingley 

Goldthorp 

Bolton upon Dearne 

Edlington 

Braithwell 

Doncaster 

Thribergh 

Dalton 

Marr 

Hexthorpe 

Doncaster 

Balby 
Littleworth 



Wermesford Warmsworth 

Luureshale Loversall 

Oustrefeld Austerfield 
Alceslei Auckley 

Alchelie ,, 



Component Parts. 

Rode Raw mesc 
marsh 

Der Dar weld field 
Merel Mel ton 
Hoy land Swaine 
Thorp Hes ley 
Wint Went worth 

Bran Bramp ton 

Bierlow 
Wat Wath Dearne 
Midel Mel ton 
Elde Hella brg by 

Medel Mel ton 
Bing Billing ley 
Guld Gold thorp 

Bode Bolton Dearne 
Eil Eilin Edling ton 
Brade Braith well 
Don castre 
Tri Thri bergh 
Dal ton 

Marr 

Es Hex thorp 

Don caster 

Balles Bal by 
Scitels (Oskitels) 

Little worth 
Wermes Warms ford 

worth 
Luvres Lovers hal 

sail 
Oustre Auster field 
Alces Auck ley 
Alche ,, ,, 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



117 



Domesday, 1086. 

Mortain has 
Sand ale 
Hotone 
Rodreha' 
Hotun 
Tatewic 
Haltune 
Ternusch 

Claitone 
Dictenebi 

Stofald 
Widestha' 



Modern. 

Long Sandal 

Hooton Levet 

Rotherham 

Hooton Pagnell 

Todwick 

Great Houghton 

Thurnscoe 

Clayton in the Clay 
Deightonby 

Stotfold 
Winston 



Component Paets. 

San dal Sand al 
Ho Hoo ton Levet 
Rodre Rother ham 
Ho Hoo ton Paynell 
Tate Tod wic 
Hal Hough ton 
Tern Thurn usch 

scoe 
Clai ton Clay 
Die Deigh ten ton 

by 

Sto Stot fald fold 
Widest Whist ham 



Handesword Handsworth 

Tretone Treeton 

Hactone 

Walis 

Estone 

Ollei 

Bran tone 



ton 
H ancles worth 
Tre Tree ton 
Aughton Hac Augh ton 

Wales Walis Wales 

Aston Es As ton 

Ulley 01 Ul ley 

Brampton-en-le-Morthen (? Mortain) Bran 

Bramp ton Morthen 



Wheatley 

Adwick-le-Street 

Skinthorp 

Langthwaite 

Bentley 

Long Sandal? 



Wate Wheat ley 
Ade Ad wic Street 
Scins Skin thorp 
Lang touet thwaite 
Bene Bent ley 
Sand a ley Sand al 

Einulfs Arm thorp 
Sini ton 



Watelag 
Adewic 
Scinestorp 
Langetouet 
Benelei 
Sandalie 
Ernwin has 

,, Einulvestorp Armthorp 
Tison has Sinitun 

Page 82a. 
Waltheof s Countess has 
,, Hallun Hallam 

,, Ateclive Attercliffe 
„ Scafeld Sheffield 

King has Scevelt ?Waldershelfe, or See velt (field), Walder 

Sheffield skelf 

Busli has Ughil Ughill Ug hill 

„ Wihale Worrall Wi Worr hal all 



Hall am un 

At Atter clive cliff 

Sea Shef field 



118 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
Busli has 

,, Wadelei 
Laci has 
,, Ermeshall 
, , Frichelie 
,, Torp 
,, Chirchebi 
Osgotcross 
Busli has 

Archesei 
Beneslei 
Adewic 
Scalchebi 
Laci has Nortone 
Cansale 
Bcanhalle 
Burg 
Austhu' 
Neuhuse 
Sutone 
Scalebro 
Hanepol 
Istop 

Torp 

Badesworde 

Uptone 

Rogartorp 

Smedeton 



Modern. 

Wadsley 

South Elmsall 
Frickley 
Moorthorp 
South Kirkby 
Wapentac 

Arksey 

Bentley 

Adwick le Street 

Scawsby 

Norton 

Campsall 

Skellow 

Burghwallis 

Ovvston 

Newhouse (?Moss) 

Sutton 

Skelbrook 

Harnpole 

Stubbs Walden 

Thorp Audlin 
Badsworth 
Upton 
Rogerthorp 
Kirk Smeaton 



Wilmereslege Womersley 



Stapleton 
Darnitone 

Asele 

Acewrde 

Hoctun 

Ferie 
Fredestan 



Stapleton 
Darrington 
Hessle 
Ackworth 
Glass Houghton 

Ferrybridge 
Featherston 



„ Preston Purston Jaglin 



Component Parts. 

Wade Wads ley 

Ermes Elms hal sail 
Frich Frick ley 
Moor thorp 
Chirch Kirk by 
Osgold Osgot cross 

Archs ei Arksey 
Benes Bent ley 
Ad wic Street 
Scalch Scaws by 
Nor ton 

Cans Camp al sail 
Scan hall Skel ow 
Burgh Wallis 
Aust Ows ton 
New hus Moss 
Su Sut ton 
Scale Skel bro brook 
Hane Ham pol 
1st op Stubbs Wal 

den 
Thorp Audlin 
Bades Bads worth 
Up ton 

Rogar Roger thorp 
Smed Smea ton 
Wilmers Womers 

ley 
Staple ton 
Darni Darring ton 
Asel Hessle 
Ac Ack worth 
Hoc Hough ton 

Glass 
Ferie Ferry bridge 
Fred Feathers stan 

ton 
Prest Purs ton Jaglin 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



119 



Domesday, 1086. 

Laci has 
,, Hardwic 
,, Osle 
,, Weldale 
,, Fristone 
,, Notingelai 
,, Begale 
,, Clielintune 

(bis) 
,, Eraieshale 

,, Ruhale 



Modern. 

West Hardwick 

Nostell 

Wheldale 

Ferry Fryston 

Knottingley 

Beal 

Kellington 

North Elmsall 

Koall 



Egburg (bis) Egbrough 
Manestorp Menstborp 



Component Parts. 

Hard wic 

Osle Nos stell stall 
Wei Whel dale 
Fris Frys ton Ferry 
Noting Knotting ley 
Beyal Beal 
Cbelin Kelling ton 

Ermes Elms hal 

sail 
Ru Ro hal all 
Eg burg brough 
Manes Mens thorp 



The King has 
,, Tateshale 



Tanshelf and Pontefract (became Laci's) 

Tates hal Tan shelf 
Hensall Edes hal Hen sail 

Whitley Wit Whit ley 

Staincross Wapentake. 



,, Edeshale 
,, Witelai 

Stancros Wapentac. 

The King has 
,, Barnebi Barnby in Cawthorne Barn by Caw thorne 

,, Silchestone Silkston Silches Silks ton 

,, Sactun Saxton Sac Sax ton 

,, Wirlei Wortley also Mortain Wir Wort ley 

De la Wire has 
,, Adelingesfluet Adlingfleet 

Mortain has 



Adelings fluet, fleet 



> > 


Pillei 


Pilley 


Pil ley 


»> 


Tancreslei 


Tankersley 


Tancres ley 


Lac 


i has 






» » 


Chineslei 


Kinsley 


Chins Kins ley 


» > 


Hilmeword 


Hemsworth 


Hilme Hems worth 


>> 


Breselie 


Brierley 


Bres Brier ley 


f » 


Indelie 


South Heindley 


Inde Heind ley 


> j 


Rorestun 


Royston 


Rores Roys ton 


>> 


Dodesworde Dodworth 


Dodes Dod worth 


5 > 


Caltorn 


Caw thorn 


Cal Caw thorn 


J> 


Silcston 


Silkston 


Silcs Silks ton 


J> 


Pengeston 


Peniston 


Penyes Penis ton 


>> 


Dertun 


Darton 


Der Dar ton 



120 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Laci has 

,, Berg Baragh 

„ Cezeburg Kexbrough 

,, Holand High Hoyland 

,, Sceptun Shafton 

,, Carleton Carlton 

,, Wircesburg Worsbrough 

,, Turgesland Thurgoland 

,, Stanburg Stainbrough 

,, Hunescelf Hunshelf 

„ Turolveston Thurlston 

,, Berceworde Ingbirch worth 

,, Cu'breworde Cumberworth 

,, Denebi Denby 

„ Scemeltorp Skelmanthorp 

,, Claitone Clayton West 

,, Bretone Monk Bretton 

,, Ospring Oxspring 

,, Berceworde Rough Birch worth 



,, Holand e 

,, Dertone 

„ Norton 

,, Creuesford 

,, Berneslai 

,, Cevet 

,, Hindelei 

,, Rihelle 

Agebruge Wapentac. 
Arbp. has 

,, Warnesfeld Warmfield 
Laci has Medelai Methley 

,, Witewde Whitwood 

,, Actone Ackton 

,, Westrebi 

,, Snitehale Snydall 



Hoyland Swaine 

Darton 

Notton 

Keresforth 

Barnsley 

Chevet 

Cold Heindley 

Ryhill 

Agbrigg 



Component Parts. 

Berg Baragh 
Cez Kex burg 

brough 
Ho Hoy land 
Seep Shaf ton 
Carle ton 
Wirces Wors burg 

brough 
Turges Thurgo land 
Stan Stain burg 

brough 
Hun scelf shelf 
Turolfs Thurls ton 
Ing berc birch 

worth 
Cumbre worth 
Dene Den by 
Scemel Skelman 

thorp 
Clai Clay ton West 
Bre Bret ton Monk 
Os Ox spring 
Rough Berc birch 

worth 
Ho Hoy land Swaine 
Der Dar ton 
Nor Not ton 
Creves Keres forth 
Bernes Barns ley 
Cevet Chev et 
Hind Heind ley Cold 
Ri hell Ry hill 
Wap. 

Warnes Warm field 
Med Metli ley 
Wit Whit wood 
Ac Ack ton 
Westre bi 
Snite hal Snyd all 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



121 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Laci has 




,, Scroftune 


Crofton 


,, Flocheton 


Flockton 


,, Denebi 


Denby 


,, Tornil 


Thornhill 


,, Witelei 


Whitley 


,, Leptone 


Lepton 


,, Heptone 


Kirkheaton 


,, Daltone 


Dalton 


,, Almaneberie Almondbury 


,, Ferlei 


Farnley Tyas 


,, Hanelei 


Honley 


,, Meltha' 


Meltharn 


King has 




,, Norm'tone 


Norm an ton 


,, Waletun 


Walton 


,, Sand ale 


Sandal Magna 


,, Amelai 


Emley 


,, Scipelei 


Shepley 


,, Scivelei 


Shelley 


Page 82b. 




,, Wachefeld 


Wakefield 


,, Crigeston 


Criggleston 


,, Bretone 


West Bretton 


,, Horberie 


Horbury 


,, Etone 


Earl's heaton 


,, Osleset 


Ossett 


,, Stanlei 


Stanley 


,, Schelintone 


Shitlington 


,, Holne 


Holme 


i » >» 


(Holmfirth, Yatholme) 


,, Alstaneslei 


Austonley 


,, Tohac 


Quick 


,, Cu'breworde Upper Curaberworth 


,, Bertone 


Kirkburton 


,, Crosland 


North Crosland 


„ Cheteworde 


Cartworth 


,, Heppeword 


Hepworth 


,, Ulvedel 


Wooldale 


,, Fugelestun 


Foolston 



Component Parts. 

Scrof Crof ton 
Floch Flock ton 
Dene Den by 
Torn Thorn il hill 
Wit Whit ley 
Lep ton 

Hep ton Kirk heaton 
Dal ton 
Almane Almond 

berie bury 
Fer Farn ley Tyas 
Hane Hon ley 
Melt ham 

Norman ton 
Wal ton 
Sand al Magna 
Ame Em ley 
Scip Shep ley 
Sciv Shel ley 

W 7 ache W 7 ake field 
Criges Criggles ton 
Bre Bret ton 
Hor berie bury 
E Earls hea ton 
Osle set Oss ett 
Stan ley 

Schelin Shitling ton 
Holne Holm 
Yate ,, firth, 
Alstanes Auston ley 
Tohac Quick 
Cumbre worth 
Kirk ber bur ton 
Cros land 
Chet Cart worth 
Hepp worth 
Ulve Wool(f) del 
Fuyels Fools ton 



122 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


King has 






,, Tostenland 


Thurstanland 


Tosten Thurstan 
land 


Laci has 






,, Hoptun 


Hopton 


Hop ton 


,, Odresfeld 


Huddersfield 


Odres Hudders field 


,, Bradelie 


Bradley 


Brad ley 


,, Lillai 


Lindley 


Lil Lind Lin ley 


,, Gudlagesargc 


) Golcar 


Gudlages Guthlacs 
Gol arg car 


,, Cornelbi 


Quarmby 


Cornel Quarm 
Wharm by 


,, other Cros- 


South Crosland 


Cross land 


land 






Morelei Wapentac. Morley W 


apentake. 


Page 82b. 






Laci has Morelei 


Morley 


More ley 


,, Erdeslau 


East Ardsley 


Erdes Ards lau ley 


,, Bestone 


Beeston 


Bes Bees ton 


,, Rodowelle 


Rothwell 


Rodo Roth well 


,, Carlentone 


Carlton 


Carlen Carl ton 


,, Locthuse 


Lofthouse 


Loct Loft hus 


,, Torp 


Thorp on the Hill 


Thorp Hill 


,, Mildentone 


Middleton 


Milden Middle ton 


,, Hunslet 


Hunslet 


Huns let 


,, Riston 




Ris ton 


,, Ermelai 


Armley 


Erme Arm ley 


,, Bramelei 


Bramley 


Brame ley 


,, Caverlei 


Calverley 


Caver Calver ley 


,, Fersellei 


Farsley 


Fersel Ears ley 


,, Podechesai 


Pudsey 


Podechs Pud sey ai 


,, Tuinc 


Tong 


Tuinc Tong 


,, Dreslingtone 


Drighlington 


Dresling Drighling 
ton 


,, Gomeshale 


Gomersall 


Gomes Gomers hal 
sail 


,, Bodeltone 


Bolton 


Bodel Bol ton 


,, Bradeford 


Bradford 


Brad ford 


,, Bollinc 


Bowling, Boiling 


Boll inc Bowl Boll 


,, Celeslau 


Chellow Dene 


ing 

Celes Chel law dene 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



123r 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Laci has 






,, Torenton 


Thornton 


Thorn ton 


,, Alreton 


Allerton 


Aire A Her ton 


,, Claiton 


Clayton 


Clai Clay ton 


,, Wibetese 


Wibsey 


Wibets e Wib sey 


,, Scipelei 


Shipley 


Scip Ship ley 


,, Birle 


Bierley (East or North) Bir Bier ley 


„ Wich 


Wike 


W r ich Wike 


,, Hetun 


Cleckheaton 


Cleck he hea ton 


,, Clifton e 


Clifton 


Clif ton 


,, Mirefeld 


Mirfield 


Mir field 


,, Deusberie 


Dewsbury 


Deus Dews berie 
bury 


,, Batbelie 


Batley 


Bath Bat ley 


,, Livresecb 


Liversedge 


Livres, Leofr, ech 
edge 


,, Hortesheve 


Hartshead 


Horts Harts heved 
head 


,, Elont 


Elland 


E Ea El ont land 


,, Oure 


South Owram 


Our am 


King bas 


(afterwards Warren's) 




,, Huperun 


Hipperholme 


Huper Hipper holme 

titi 


,, Ufrun 


North Owrarn 


UI1 

Ufr Owr am un 


,, Scelf 


Shelf 


Scelf Shelf 


,, Stanland 


Stainland 


Stain land 


,, Linlei 


Old Linley 


Lin ley, Old 


,, Fecbesbi 


Fixby 


Feches Fix by 


,, Rastric 


Rastrick 


Rast Raist ric 


,, Eglesbil 


Eccleshill 


Egles Eccles Aikils 
hill 


,, Fernelei 


Farnley 


Fern Farn ley 


,, Erdeslau 


(West) Ardsley 


Erdes Ards law ley 


,, Gr eland 


Greetland 


Gre Greet land 


,, Etun 


Hanging Heaton 


E tun Hea ton 
Hanging 


,, [Wacbefeld Soke, all above in :] 


Wake field 


Annesti Wapentac. Ainsty Wapentake. Ains ty 


Page 82b. 






Baldric's son has 






,, Badetorpes 




Bade thorps 



124 



YORKSHIKE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Erfast's son has 






>> 


Torp 


Bishopthorpe 


Bishop thorp 


i> 


Mileburg 


Bilbrough Mileburg 


Mil Bil burg burgh 


Erneis has 






,, Copemantorp Copmanthorp 


Cop man thorp 


X*J-Ct. 


Acastre 


Acaster Malbis 


A caster Malbis 


>J 


Acastre 


Acaster Selby (also 


A caster Selby 






Alan, Erneis & the King,) 


Arches has 






i> 


Apleton 


Appleton Roebuck 


Apple ton Roe buck 


>> 


Stiveton 


Steeton also Ernwin 


Stive Stee ton 


)> 


Ositone 


Oxton 


Osi Ox ton 


5> 


Coletone 


Colton 


Col ton 


?> 


Cadretone 


Catterton 


Cadre Catter ton 


>1 


Torp 


Thorp Arch 


Thorp Arch (from 
Arches, owner) 


?> 


Walitone 


Walton 


Wali Wal ton 


>5 


Biletone 


Bilton 


Bil ton 


?> 


Merstone 


Mars ton 


Mers Mars ton 


5> 


Wivlestorp 


Wilstrop 


Wivles Wils trop 
thorp 


»> 


Wandeslage 


Hutton Wandesley 


Hut ton Wandes ley 


5 > 


Ascha' 


Askham Richard 


A sch ham Richard 


5> 


Popletone 


Nether Poppleton 


Nether Popple ton 


J J 


other 








Popletone 


Upper ,, 


? > 


5> 


Scachertorp 


Scagglethorp 


Scacher Scaggle 

thorp 
Esde Hes say 


J> 


Esdesai 


Hessay 


> J 


Cnapetone 


Knapton 


Cnap Knap ton 


Per 


Ruford 
ci has 


Ruftbrth 


Ru Ruf forth 


5) 


Badetone 


Bolton Percy 


Bade Bolt ton Percy 


»J 


Torp 


Pallethorp 


Palle thorp 


»> 


Ulsitone 


Ouston 


Ulsi Ous ton 


»> 


Malchetone 




Malch ton 


>> 


Hagendebi 


Hagenby 


Hagend Hagen by 


)> 


Hailaga 


Healaugh 


Hai Hea lag laugh 


J5 


Hornitone 


Hornington 


Horni Horning ton 


»> 


Coletorp 


Cowthorp 


Col Cow thorp 



Domesday, 1086. 

Alselin has 
,, Hailaga Healaugh 

,, Wicheles Wighill and 

Wighill Park 

Erfast's son 
,, Monecheton Moor Monkton 

,, Christ's Micklegate, York 

Church 
Archbp. has 

,, Acun Acomb 

,, Bishopfields near Bishopthorp 
The King has 

,, Mulhede 

,, Bithen ?Beddern 

Gospatric has 

,, Bichreton Bickerton 
Alan has Ascha' Askham Bryan 
Page 82b. 

BoRGE SCIRE WaPENTAC. 

Arches has 
,, Monucheton Nun Monkton 



Kirkby 



place names, 1086. 125 

Modern. Component Parts. 



Hai Hea lag laugk 
Wich els Wig hill 



Monech Monk ton 

moor 
Mickle gate York 

Ac A comb un 
Bishop fields 

Mul hed 

Bith Bedd ern en 

Bichre Bicker ton 
Asch Ask ham Bryan 

Claro Wapentake 

Monuch Monk ton 

Nun 
Chirch Kirk by 



,, Chirchebi 
Paganel has 

,, Tuadestorp Thorp Green 
Baldric's son has 

,, Torp Thorp Underwood 

The King has 

Widdington 

Great Ouseburn 

-Little ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Dunsforth (also Erneis de Burun) Duns forth 

Branton Green ,, ,, Bran ton Green 

Grafton ,, ,, and Archbp. 

Graf ton 
Marton Mar ton 

Thorn burn brough 



Wideton 
,, Useburne 
,, other ,, 
,, Dunesford 
,, Brantun 
,, Graftone 
Gospatric has 
,, Martone 



Tuades thorp Green 

Thorp 

Wid Widding ton 
Use Ouse burn 



,, Torneburne Thornbrough 
Page 83a. 
Arches has 
,, Cucheslage Whixley (also Gospatric) Cuches Whix ley 



126 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
Arches has 

,, Cathala 

,, Ambretone 

,, Sosacre 
King has 

,, Elewic 

„ Homptone 

,, Alureton 

,, Clareton 

,, Archedene 

,, Locthusun 

„ Burg 

,, Minescip 

,, Hilton 

.,, Burton 

,, Farneha' 

,, Torp 

,, Walchingeha' 

,, Feresbi 
, , Scravinge 
,, Chenares 

burg 
,, Scotone 
,, Baretone 
,, Stanlei 
,, Chettone 
E. de Burun has 
otherCathala 
,, Hulsingoure 

,, Flatesbi 
,, Copegrave 
Pagan el has 
,, Godesburg 



Modern. 

Cattal Magna 
Green Hammerton 
South acres 



Component Parts. 

Cath Catt al Magna 
Ambre Hammer ton 
Sos South acres 

El wic Ouse burn 



El wick in Little 

Ouseburn 
Hopperton (also Erneis Burun and Arches) 

Homp Hopper ton 
Allerton Mauleverer (also Gospatric) Alure, 

Aller ton Mauleverer 
Clareton (also Gospatric) Clare ton 



Arkendale 

Lofthouse Hill 

Aldborough 

Min skip 

(lost) 

Burton Leonard 



Arch den Arken dale 
Loct Loft hus un hill 
Burg Aid borough 
Mine Min scip Skip 
Hil ton 
Bur ton Leonard 



Farnham (also Gospatric) Farn ham 
Thorp, near Scotton Thorp Scot ton 



Ripestain 



Walkingham 

Ferrensby 

Scriven 

Knaresborough 

Scotton 
Brearton 
South Stainley 
Cayton 

Little Cattal 
Hunsingore 

Flaxby 
Copgrove 

Goldsborough 

Great Ribston 



Walch ing Walking 

ham 
Feres Ferrens by 
Scrav ing Scriv en 
Chenares Knares 

burg boro' 
Sco Scot ton 
Bare Brear ton 
Stan Stain ley 
Chet Cay ton 

Cath Cat al 
also Mortain, Hulsing 
Hunsing ore 
Flates Flax by 
Cop grave grove 

Godes Golds burg 
borough 
(also the King, Percy and 
Burun) Ripe Rib stain ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



127 



Domesday, 1086. 
Gospatric has 

,, Stanlei 

,, Aldefeld 

,, Stollei 
G. Tison has 

,, Scotone 
Perci lias 

,, Mer chef eld 

,, Asmundrebi 

,, Cludun 

Page 83a. 

Gospatric has 
Wichingeslei 
Lavretone 
Chirchebi 

Torp (bis) 

Aserle 

Bramelie 

Carlesmor 

Sualun 

Chetesmor 

Popletone 
The King has 
Wipelie 
Besthaim 
Fostun 
Elesworde 
Cliftone 
Timble 
Beristade 
Felgesclif 
Rodun 
Chenehalle 
Ediha' 
Widitun 
Chesuic 
Siclingal 
Riston 



Modekn. 



Component Parts. 



? Staveley Stan Stave ley 

Aldfield (also the King & Archbp.) Aid field 
Studley ,, ,, & Perci Stol ley Stud 



Scotton 

Markingfield 

Aisrnunderby 

Clotherholme 

A second section. 



Sco Scot ton 

Merch Marking field 
Asmunder Ais... by 
Clud Clother holme 
un 



Winksley Wichings Winks ley 

Laverton (also the King) Laver ton 
Kirkby Malzeard Chirch Kirk by 

Malzeard 
Grewelthorp Grewel thorp 

Azerley (also the King) Aser Azer ley 
Brarnley Grange Brame Brarn ley 

Grange 
Carlesmor Carles moor 

Swetton Sual Swet ton un 

Kexmoor diets Kex moor 

(also the King) Pople ton 



Whipley, in Clint 
Bestham (lost) 
Fewston ? 
Els worth 
Clifton 
Great Timble 



Wipe Whip ley, Clint 
Besth Best ham aim 
Fos Fews ton 
Els worth 
Clif ton 
Timble 



Birstwith (also Gospatric) Berist Birst with 
FellisclifY Felges Fellis cliff 

Rowden Ro Row dun den 

Killinghall Chen Killing hall 

Addingham (also Tison) Edi Adding ham 
Weeton (also Gospatric) Widi Wee ton 
Dunkeswick Dun Ches kes wic 

Sicklinghall Siding hall 

Rigton (also Tison) Ris Rig ton 



128 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
The King has 

,, Stainburne 

,, Rosert 

,, Billeton 
Gospatric has 

,, Birnebeha' 



Modern. 

Stainburn 

Rosset (also Tison) 

Bilton (also Tison) 



Component Parts. 

Stain burn 
Ros ert et set 
Bil ton 



Brimham (also Tison & Erneis Burun) 

Birnb Brim ham 
Ascuid Askwith (also Percy and Todeni) 

Asc uid with 
Ardulvestorp Addlethorp (also the King) 

Ardulfs Addle thorp 



Pagan el has 
,, Ripelie 
,, Distone 



Ripley (also the King) Rip ley 
Kirk Deighton (also E. Burun) Dis Deigh 

ton Kirk 



Todeni has 

,, Higrefeld Heathfield 

,, Westone Weston 
Erneis Burun has 

,, Beurelie Bewerley 

,, Dacre 

,, Bemeslai 



Higre Heath field 
West ton 



,, Berghebi 

,, Litelbra' 

,, Neusone 

,, Germunds- 
torp 
Perci has 

,, Nacefeld 

,, Ledelai 

,, Cherebi 

,, Cherchebi 

,, Waltone 

,, Todoure 

, , Rofellinton 

,, Plontone 

,, Michelbra' 



Beure Bewer ley 
Dacre Dacre 

Beamsley (also King and Tison) 

Bemes Beams ley 
Barrowby (also Perci) Bergh Barrow by 



Little Braham 
Newsome Farm 
Ingmanthorp also 
Mortain 

Nesfield 



LittleBram Bra ham 
New some on 
Germunds Ing man 
thorpe 

Nace Nes field 



Leathley (also King & Tison) Lede Leath ley 
Kereby Chere Kere by 

Kirkby Overblow Cherch Kirk by 

Over blow 
Walton Head Wal ton Head 

Tod our 
Rudfarlington (also Tison) 

Rofel Rudfar lin ton 
Plumpton (also Tison) Plon Plump ton 
Great Braham (Tison Mickle Braham 
and Burun) 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



129 



MODEKN. 

Spofforth 

Linton 

Wetherby (alsoBurun) 

Cowthorp 



Domesday, 1086. 
Perci has 

,, Spoford 

,, Caldewelle 

,, Lin tone 

,, Wedrebi 

,, Coletorp 

Eipon Liberty. 
Arcbbp. Torp Littletborp 

,, Estwic 

„ Nitb Nidd 

,, Westwic Westwick 

,, Monuchetone Bisbrop Monkton 

,, Cbilingale Killingball 

,, Torentone Bisbop Thornton 
,, Sallai Sawley 

,, Evestone Eaveston 
„ Wiveshale Wilsill 

,, Chenaresford (Skelden) 

,, Stollai Studley 

,, Grentelai Grantley 
., Erlesbold Herleshow 

,, Merchintone Markington 

,, Stanlai (Stainley) 

,, Sudtunen Sutton 

,, Nordstanlai North Stainley 

,, Sclenneford Slenningford 
Gospatric has 
,, (Ch)Neresford (Skelden) 



Ebrard, under Percy, has 
,, Castelai Castley 
Page 83b. 

Halichelde Wapentac. 
Arcbbp. has 
,, Nonnewic Nun wick 



Component Parts. 

Spo forth 

Cald well 

Lin ton 

Wedre Wether by 

Cole Cow thorp 

Little thorp 
Est wic 
Nith Nidd 
West wic 
Monaco Monk ton 

Bishop 
Chiling Killing al 

hall 
Bishop Thorn ton 
Sal Saw ley 
Eves Eaves ton 
Wives Wils hal ill 
Chenares ford Skel 

den 
Stol lai Stud ley 
Grent Grant lai ley 
Erles Herles hold 

how 
Merchin Marking 

ton 
Stan Stain ley 
Sud Sut ton 
Nord Stan Stain 

ley 
Sclen Slenning ford 

Neres Chneres ford 
Skel den 



Castle, Cast ley 
Hallikeld Wap. 

Nonne Nun wic 



130 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Archbp. has 
,, Suthawic 
,, Gherindale 

,, Scheltone 
,, Hogra' 



Modern. 



Givendale 

Skelton 

Sutton Hougrave 



,, Hadewic Copt He wick 

,, Hashundebi Aismunderby 

„ Hotone Hutton Conyers 

,, Merchinton Markington 

,, Stanlai South Stainley 

,, Hawic Bridge He wick 

Durham Bishop has 

„ Hotone (bis) Hutton Conyers 



Norton 
Sudton 
Hogram 



Norton Conyers 
Sutton Hougrave 
Hougrave 
Holme 



Skelton 
Langthorp 
Kirkby Hill 
Thornton Bridge 
Humberton 



,, Hulme 

„ Torp 
Gospatric has 

,, Scheltone 

,, Torp 

,, Chirchebi 

,, Torenton 

,, Burton 
King has 

,, Adelingestorp Ellin thorp 

,, Mildebi Milby 

,, Brantone Branton Green 
Mortain has 

,, Cundal (bis) Cundall 

,, Norton e Norton le Clay 

,, Ledebi Leckby 

,, Brantone Brampton Hall 

,, Goindel 

„ Stanlei 

,, Danefeld 

,, Caldewelle 



Component Parts. 

Suth wic 

Gherin Grin Given 

dale 
Schel Skel ton 
Ho Hou grave Sut 

ton 
Hade He wic Copt 
Hashund Aismunder 

by 

Ho Hut ton Conyers 
Merchin Marking 

ton 
Stan Stain ley 
Ha He wick Bridge 

Ho Hut ton Conyers 
Nor ton Conyers 
Sud ton Hougrave 
Hogram Hou grave 
Hulme Holme 
Thorp 

Skel Schel ton 
Lang thorp 
Chirch Kirk by hill 
Thorn ton bridge 
Hum ber bur ton 

Adelings Ellin thorp 
Milde Mil by 
Bran ton Green 

Cun dal 
Nor ton Clay 
Lede Leek by 
Bran Bramp ton 
Goin Given del 
Stan ley 
Dane field 
Cald well 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



131 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Crayescire 


Craven (shire) 


Craven 


King has 






,, Bodeltone 


Bolton 


Bodel Bol ton 


(bis) 






,, Haltone 


Halton 


Hal ton 


,, Embesie 


Einbsay 


Emb sie Embs ay 


,, Dractone 


Draugbton 


Drac Draugb ton 


,, Schibeden 


Skibeden 


Schibe Skibe den 


,, Scipton 


Skipton 


Scip Skip ton 


,, Snachebale 


Snaygill 


Snache Snay hal gill 


,, Torederebi 


Thorlby 


Tboreder Thorl by 


,, Odingeben 


Addingbam 


Oding Adding ham 


,, Bedmeslei 


Beamsley 


Bedmes Beams ley 


,, Holme 


Holme 


Holme 


,, Geregrave 


Gargrave 


Ger Gar grave 


,, Stain tone 


Stainton 


Stain ton 


,, Otreburne 


Otterburn 


Otre Otter burn 


,, Scotorp 


Scosthrop 


Sco Scos tbrop 


,, Malgon 


Mai ham 


Malg Mai ham on 


,, Anlei 


Anley 


An ley 


,, Coningeston Cold Coniston 


Coninges Conis ton 


,, Haelgefeld 


Hellifield 


Helye Helli field 


,, Hangelif 


Hanlitb 


Hang Han lif litb 


Page 84a. 






NoRTREDING 


. North Riding. 




Earl Hugh has 






,, Figlinge 


Fylingdale (also Perci) Fiyl ing dale 


,, Nortfigeliage 


North Fyling 


North ,, 


,, Ghinipe 


[Knipe, Hawsker] 


Ghinipe Knipe 
Haws ker 


„ Witebi 


Whitby 


Wite Whit by 


,, Prestebi 




Prest by 


,, Normanebi 


Normanby 


Norman by 


,, Snetune 


Sneaton 


Sne Snea ton 


,, Ulgeberdesbi 


Ugglebarnby 


Ulge Uggle herds 
barn by 


,, Sourebi 


(Sowerby) 


Sour Sower by 


,, Brecbe 


(Broxa) 


Brech Brox a 


,, Baldebi 


Baldby 


Balde Bald by 


„ Flore 


Flowergate, Whitby 


Flor Flower gate 


„ Staxebi 


Stakesby (also Morta 


in) Stax Stokes by 



132 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Earl Hugh has 
,, Neuha' 
,, Roscheltorp 
,, Bollebi 
,, Esingeton 
,, Livreton 
,, Loctehusu' 

Mortain has 
,, Lid 
,, Hotone 
,, Egetune 
„ Grif 

,, Goldeburg 
,, Alwardebi 
,, Michelbi 
,, Neutone 
,, Grimesbi 
,, Rozebi 
,, Asulvebi 
,, Scetune 

King. Dunesla 
,, Barnebi 
,, Ugetorp 
,, other Locte 
husu' 

Perci has 
,, Arnodestorp 

,, Tldrewelle 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Newholme 



New ham holme 
Ros chel thorp 
Boulby (also the King) Boll Boul by 
Easington Es Eas ing ton 

Liverton Livre Leofr ton 

North Lofthouse Loct Loft hus um 



Lythe 

Hutton Mulgrave 

Egton 

Mulgrave 

Goldsborough 
Ellerby 
Mickleby 
Newton Mulgrave 



Lid Lythe 
Ho Hut ton Mulgrave 
Eg ton 

Grif Grave Mul 
(person) 
Gold Golds burg brough 
Alward Eller by 
Mickle by 
New ton Mulgrave 
Grimes by 
Rousby (also the King) Roz Rous by 
Aislaby Asulf Aisla by 

Seaton Hall See Sea ton 

Dunsley (also Todeni) Duns ley 
Barnby, East & West Barn by 
Ugthorp Ug thorp 

South Lofthouse Loct Loft hus um 



Arnold's Toft Arnods Arnolds 

thorp toft 

Hinderwell (also Earl Hugh) Ildre, Hinder 

well 



Baldric's son has 
„ Cru'beclif (Crunkley Gill) 



,, Lelun 
,, Danebi 
Mortain has 
,, Steintun 
,, Morehusun 
,, other More- 
husu' 



Lealholme 
Danby 



Crumbe cliff, Crunk- 
ley Gill 
Lei Leal holme un 
Dane Dan by 



Stainton (also the King) Stein Stain ton 
Great Moorsholme (also the King) 
Little Moorsholme (also the King) More 

hus un holme 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



133 



Domesday, 1086. 

Mortain has 
,, Torp 
,, Chiltun 
,, Brotune 
„ Sceltun 
,, Chigesburg 



,, Mideltune 

,, Hotun 

,; Tocstune 

,, Mersch 

„ Westlid 

,, Wiltune 

,, Lacbenebi 

,, Astun 

,, Normanebi 

,, Bernodebi 

,, Atun 

Earl Hugh has 

,, Roudclive 

,, Upelider 
King has 

,, Tornetun 

,, Lesingebi 

,, Ormesbi 

,, Upeshale 

„ Torp 

„ Ergun 

,, Newetun 

,, Mortun 

„ Torp 

,, other Atun 

,, Esebi 

,, Badresbi 

,, Childale 



Modeen. 



Component Paets. 



Kilton Thorp (also the King) Kil ton Thorp 
Kilton (also the King) Chil Kil ton 
Brotton Bro Brot ton 

Skelton Seel Skel ton 

Guisbrough (also the King, Malet & Earl 

Hugh) Chiges Guis 

burg 
Middleton Midel Middle ton 

Hutton Lowcross Ho' Hut ton Low 

cross 
Tocketts Toes ton etts 

Marske (also Perci & Earl Hugh) Mersch 

Marsk 
West or Kirkleatham (also ,, ,, & King) 
West Kirk Lid Leat ham 
Wilton (also the King) Wil ton 
Lackenby (also Earl Hugh) Lachen by 
Eston As Es ton 

Normanby (also Malet & Perci) Norman by 
Barnaby Bernold Barna by 

Great Ay ton (also Malet & the King) A Ay 

ton 



Rawcliff Banks 

Upleatham 

Thornton 

Lazenby (also Earl 

Ormesby 

Up sail 

Pinchinthorp (also 

Airyholme 

Newton 

Morton 

Nunthorp 

Great Ayton 

Easby 

Battersby 

Kildale 



Roud Raw cliff 

banks 
Up lid er leath am 

'Thorn ton 
Hugh) Lesing Lazen by 

Ormes by 

Ups hal all 
Malet) Pinching thorp 

Erg airy holm un 

New ton 

Mor ton 

Nun thorp 

A Ay ton 

Ese Eas by 

Badres Batters by 

Chil Kil dale 



134 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
Malet has Atun 
King has Martun 

,, Neuha 

,, Tollesbi 

,, Tonestale 

,, Tame tun 

,, Bergulvesbi 

,, Turoldesbi 

,, Stocheslag 

,, Englebi 

,, Camisedale 

,, Broctun 

,, other ,, 

,, Cherchebi 

,, Dragmalebi 

,, two Buschebi 

,, Feizbi 

,, Rontun 
Earl Hugh has 

,, Aclun 

,, Colebi 

,, Himelintun 

,, Steintun 

,, Torentun 

,, Maltebi 

,, Englebi 

,, Berewic 

,, Turmozbi 

,, Steinesbi 
Mortain, Semer 

,, Hiltun 

,, Mideltun 

,, Fostun 

,, Hotun 

,, Carleton 

,, Blatun 



Modern. 
Little Ayton 
Marton (also Malet) 
Newham ,, 
Tolesby ,, 

Tunstall 

Tanton (also Mortain) Tame Tan ton 

Bergulfs by 



Component Parts. 
A Ay ton 
Mar ton 
New ham 
Tolls Toles by 
Tone Tun stall 



Thoraldby 
Stokesley 
Ingleby Greenhow 



Thurolds Thorald by 
Stochs Stokes ley 
Engle Ingle by 

Green how 
(also Mortain & Baldric's son) Camis dale 
Little Broughton Broc Brough ton 

Great Broughton (also Mortain) 
Kirkby in Cleveland Cherch Kirk by 

Cleve land 
Dromondby Draymal Dromond 

by 
Great & Little Busby (also Malet) Busch by 

Bus 
Faceby Feiz Fac Feks by 

East Rounton Ron Roun ton 

Acklam (also King & Malet) Ac Ackl am un 



Coulby 
Hemlington 
Stainton (also Malet) 
Thornton ,, 
Maltby 
Cold Ingleby 
Barwick Ingleby 
Thornaby (also King 

and Malet) 
Stainsby 
Seamer 
Hilton 
Middleton 
Foxton 

Hutton Rudby 
Carlton 
Blaten Carr 



Cole Coul by 
Him lin Hemling ton 
Stein Stain ton 
Thorn ton 
Malt (Malet) by 
Engl Ingl by Cold 
Ber Bar wic 
Thurrnoz Thorna 

by 
Steins Stains by 
Se Sea mer 
Hil ton 
Middle ton 
Fos Fox ton 
Ho Hu' ton Rud by 
Carl ton 
Bla Blaten ton Carr 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



135 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Mortain has 
,, Wirveltun Whorlton Wirwel Whorl ton 

,, Gotun Goulton (also the King) Go Goul ton 

,, Cratorn Cratborne ,, Cra thorne 

Die Wapentac. Pickering Lythe Wap. Die. 

King, Walesgrif Falsgrave Yals Wales Fals 

grif grave 
,, Norfel ?Northfield Nor North fel field 

,, Asgozbi Osgodby Asgoz Osgod by 

,, Torneslag Thornes lag ley 

,, Steintun Stein ton 

,, Brmitun Burniston Brini Burnis ton 

,, Scalebi Scalby Seal by 

,, Cloctune Cloughton (also Perci & Mortain) 

Cloc Cloush ton 



,, Ledbeztun Lebberston 

,, Scagestorp 

,, Grisetorp Gristhorp 

,, Pioudelvestorp 

,, Eterstorp 

,, Fiuelac Filey 

Mortain has 

,, Stemainesbi 
Page 84b. 
Perci has 

,, Chilvertesbi Killerby 



,, Seiner 

„ Torp 

,, Iretune 

,, Ildegrip 

,, A tun 

, , Sudfeld 

,, Eurelag 

,, Hagenesse 
King, Caitun 

,, Bortun 

,, Depedale 



Seamer 

Thorpfield 

Irton 

Hilda green (greave) 

East Ay ton (also 

Todeni) 
Suffield ' 
Everley 
Hackness 
Cayton 
Burton Dale 
Deepdale 



other Atune West Ayton 
Newetone Newton 



Ledbez Lebbers ton 
Scages Scayes thorp 
Gris thorp 
Roudolfs thorp 
Eters thorp 
Fiue lac Fi ley 

Steinains by 



Chilverts Killer by 
Sey Sea rner 
Thorp field 
Ire Ir ton 
Ilde Hilda grip 
greave green 
A Ay ton 

Sud Suf field 
Eure Ever lag ley 
Hage Hack ness 
Cai Cay ton 
Bor Bur ton dale 
Depe Deep dale 
A Ay ton 
New ton 



136 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
King has 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



,, Presteton 




Prest ton 


,, Hotun 


Hutton Buscel 


Ho Hut ton Buscel 


,, Martun 


Marton 


Mar ton 


„ Wicha' 


Wykeham 


Wic Wyke ham 


,, Rostun 


Ruston 


Ros Rus ton 


,, Brunton 


Brompton (alsoTodeni) Brun Bronip ton 


,, Pickeringe 


Pickering 


Picker ing 


,, Bart un 


Barton le Street 


Bar ton Street 


,, Blaudebi 


Blandsby 


Bland s by 


,, Neuton 


Newton 


New ton 


,, Estorp 


Easthorp 


Es Eas thorp 


,, A Ives tun 


Allerston 


Alves Allers ton 


,, Edbriztun 


Ebberston 


Edbriz Ebbers ton 


,, Farmanesbi 


Farmanby 


Farmans by 


,, Chinetorp 


Kinthorp 


Chin Kin thorp 


,, Oudulvesmersc \ 


Oudulfs Mersc marsh 


,, Asclielesmersc I Pickering- 


Aschels ,, ,, 


,, Maxudesmersc Marishes 


Maxuds ,, ,, 


,, Chilvesmersc j 


Chilves ,, ,, 






Pickering ,, 


„ Wiltune 


Wilton 


Wil ton 


„ Rozebi 


Roxby 


Roze Rox by 


,, Truzstal 


Troutsdale 


Truzs Trouts stal 
dale 


,, Alvrestain 


Allerston 


Alfres stain Allers 
ton 


,, Loctemersc 


Loft Marisbes (also 
Mortain) 


Loct Loft mersc 


,, Cliigomersc 


>5 


Chigo mersc marsh 


,, Torentun 


Thornton Dale 

(also Todeni) 


Thorn ton dale 


„ Elrebrune 


E Herb urn 


Eire Eller brun 
burn 


„ Dalbi 


Dalby 


Dal by 


,, Cbetelestorp Kettlethorp (also 


Chetels Kettle thorp 




Mortain) 




,, Loclietun 


Lockton 


Loch Lock ton 


,, Lewecen 


Levisham 


Lewec Levis ham en 


,, Mideltun 


Middleton 


Midel ton 


,, Aslachebi 


Aislaby 


Aslach Aisla by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



137 



Domesday, 1086. 

King has 
,, Wereltun 
,, Bar tun 
,, Caltorn 
,, Crop tun 
,, Bascbesbi 

Todeni has 
,, Neuton 



Modern. 

Wrelton 
Barton le Street 
Cawthorne 
Cropton 



Newton 



Parvo Mersc Little Mareis 

Snechintun Snainton (also King 
and Perci) 



,, Liedtorp 
,, Siuenintun 

,, Martun 
Abbot of York 
,, Lestingba' 

,, Apeltun 



Sinnington 
Mar ton 
Lastingbam 
Appleton-le-moor 



Component Parts. 

Werel Wrel ton 
Bar ton le Street 
Cal Caw thorn 
Crop ton 
Basches by 

New ton 

Parvo Little Mersc 

Marsh Mareis 
Snechin Snainton 

Lied thorp 
Siuen Swening 
Sinning ton 
Mar ton 



Maneshou Wapentac. 



Lesting Last ing 

ham 
Apel, Apple ton 

moor 
Part of Ryedale Wapentake. 

Manes how Rye dale 



King has 

,, Torentun 

,, Abetune 

,, Salescale 

,, Ritun 

,, Neuhuse 

,, Andebi (bis) 



Thornton Riseborough Thorn ton Ris 

borough 
Habton (also Mortain) Abe Hab ton 

Sal scale Sales cal 
Ryton Ri Ry ton 

Newsham New bus ham 

(also Mortain) Ande by 



Wich Wykeham Wich Wyke ham 

other Wich ,, Hill ?(also Abp. and Paganel) 

Maltun Old Malton (also Abp.) Mortain Mai ton 

Broctun Broughton (also Todeni) Broc Brough ton 
Suintun Swinton Suin Swin Sweyn 

ton 
Apletun Appleton-le-street Apel Apple ton 

street 
Berg Great Barugh (also Archbp.) Berg Barugh 



other Berg Little 



138 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 
King has 

,, Holm 
Todeni has 

,, Cherchebi 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



South Holme (also Todeni) holm 



Kirkby Misperton 



,, other Cherchebi ,, Moorside 
,, Michel Great Edston 

Edestnn 
,, otherEdestun Little Edston 
,, Siuerintune Sinnington 
Archbp. has 



Cherch Kirk by 

Misper ton 
,, ,, ,, Moorside 
Mickle Eds ton 

Eds ton 

Siuerin Sinning ton 



Sal ton 

Brawby 

Nawton (also Todeni) 



Sal ton 

Br aye Braw by 

Nayel Naw ton 



Saletun 
,, Bragebi 
,, Nageltune 
King has 

,, Wellebrune Welburn (also Todeni) Well burn 
,, Apeltun Appleton-le-moor? Apel ton moor 

(the Abbot sub-tenant) 
,, Normanebi Normanby (the Abbot Norman by 
sub-tenant) 
East Newton 
Sproxton 

Griff (also Mortain) 
Riccal 
Colton 



,, Neutune 

,, Sprostune 

„ Grif 

,, Ricalf 

,, Coltun 
Archbp. has 

,, Winbeltun 

,, Neutun 



New ton 

Spros Sprox ton 

Griff 

Ric alf Ric Ri cal 

Col ton 



Winbel Wombl ton 
New ton 



,, Pochelac 
,, Steinegrif 

,, Ampreford 
,, Colnun 
Mortain, Bartun 
,, Oswaldes- 
cherce 
,, Fademore 
,, Tilstune 
,, Elmeslac 
,, Bodlun 



Wombleton 

West Newton (also 

the King) 
Pockley (also Mortain) Poch Pock ley lac 



Stonegrave (also 

Paganel) 
Ampleforth 
Cowlam 

Barton le Willows 
Oswaldkirk (also 

Todeni) 
Fadmoor 



Stein Stone grif 

grave 
Am pre Ample forth 
Coin Cowl am un 
Bar ton le Willows 
Oswalds cherc kirk 

Fad moor 



Stilton (also the King) Tils Stil ton 
Helmsley ,, Elmes Helms lac ley 

Beadlam Bodl Beadl ham un 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



139 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Mortain has 






Harun 


Harome (also King 
and Todeni) 


Har ome un 


,, Coletun 


Colton 


Col ton 


,, Galvetun 


Oawton 


Calve Caw ton 


,, Selungesbi 


Slingsby 


Sellings Slings by 


,, Fritun 


Fry ton 


Fri Fry ton 


Morterner has 






,, Gellinge 


Gilling 


Gell Gill ing 


Malet has 






,, Scaltun 


Seawton 


Seal Scaw ton 


Todeni has 






,, Wale tun 




Wal ton 


,, Spautune 


Spaunton (also the 
King and Abbot) 


Spau Spaun ton 


Paganel has 






,, Nonnintune 


Nunnington (also 


Nonning Nunning 




Mortain) 


ton 


,, Neisse 


Ness 


Neiss Ness 


,, Holm 


North Holme 


Holm 


BoLESFORD 


^Vapentac. Buhner W 


apentake. Boles ford 
Bui mer 


King has Hotun 


High Hutton (also 
Todeni) 


Ho Hut ton 


Todeni has 






,, Ilderschelf 


Hinderskelfe 


Ilder Hinder schelf 


Mortain has 






,, Scacheldene 


s Scackleton (also the 


Scachle Scackle den 




King) 


ton 


,, Bolemere 


Bulmer 


Bol Bui mer 


,, Stidnun 


Stittenham 


Stidn Stitten ham 


,, Hotune 


Sheriff Hutton (also 


un 
Ho Hut ton Sheriff 



the King) 
,, Wellebrune Welburn 
,, Gameltorp Ganthorp (also the 

King) 
,, Teurintune Terrington (also 

Todeni & Earl Alan) 
,, Wich'gastorp Wiganthorp (also Wich ingas Wigan 

Todeni and King thorp 



"Well brun burn 
Gamel Gan thorp 

Teurin Terring ton 



140 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Berengar has 
,, Dalbi 
Page 85a. 

King has 
,, Ildingeslei 
,, Lilinge 
,, Crambon 
,, Heretun 
,, Claxtorp 
,, Hotun 
„ Die 
,, Suton 
,, Holteby 
,, Lillinge 
,, Flaxtune 

,, Hobi 

,, Quennebi 

,, Molscebi 

,, Mortun 

„ Torp 

,, Chelestuit 

,, Sutun 
,, Carebi 
Mortain has 
,, Coningestorp 



Dalby 



Modern. Component Parts. 

Dal by 



Hildenley Ildinges Hilden ley 

West Lilling (also Mortain) Lil ing 
Crambe ,, Cramb on 

Harton Here Har ton 

Claxton (also Mortain) Clax thorp ton 
Sand Hutton Ho Hut ton Sand 

Die (Die Wapentake) 
Sutton on the Forest Su Sut ton Forest 
Holtby Holt by 

East Lilling (also Mortain) Li 11 ing 
Flaxton (also Archbp. Flax ton 

and Earl Alan) 
Huby 
Whenby 



Ho Hu by 
Quenn When by 
Molsc Mox by 
Murton (also Archbp.) Mor Mur ton 



Thorp Hall 
Kelset Grange 

Sutton on the Forest 



Coneysthorp 

Martun Marton on the Forest 

Farlintun Farlington 

Fornetorp ? Towthorp (also Todeni 
Corlebra Cornbrough 

Scoxebi Skewsby 



Torentun 

Bar tun 
Hamelsech 



Thornton-le-Clay (also 
Earl Alan & Malet) 
Barton-le-W T illows 
Over Helmsley 



Witewelle Whitwell 



Thorp Hall 
Chels Kels tuit et 
thwaite Grange 
Su Sut ton Forest 
Car by 

Coninges Coneys 

thorp 
Mar ton Forest 
Farl ing ton 
) Forn Tow thorp 
Corl Corn broc 

brough 
Scox Skews by 

(Askew) 
Thorn ton Clay 

Bar ton Willows 
Hamels Helms ech 

ley Over 
Wit Whit weil 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



141 



Domesday, 1086. 
Mortain has 
,, Huntindune 

Earl Alun 

,, Fostun 
Archbp. has other 
Hamelsec 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Huntington (also King Hunting dun ton 
and Earl Alan) 



Foston 



Fos ton 



,, Wardhille 

,, Careltun 

,, Strenshale 

,, Touetorp 

,, Edrezuic 

,, Stivelinctun 
King has 

,, Eisincewald Easingwold 



Gate Helmsley Hamels Helms ec 

ley 

War thill (also Mortain) Ward Wart hill 

Carlton Carel Carl ton 

Strensall Strens hal sail 

Towthorp (alsoMortain) Tou Tow thorp 

Ears wick Edrez Ears wic 



Stillington 



Stivelinc Stilling ton 



,, Raschel 
,, Bradfortune 
Archbp. has 
,, Coteburun 

,, Haxebi 

,, Tolletune 

,, Alne 

,, Ioletun 

,, Mitune (bis) 

,, Turolvestorp 

,, Wibedstune 

,, Hilprebi 

,, Ilprebi 
Paganel has 

,, Neuton 

,, Toresbi 

Perci has 

, , Ingulvestuet 
Mortain has 

,, Aldewerc 

,, Stirsbi 



Eisinc Easing wald 
wold 
Raskelfe Ras Ra schel skelf 

Brafferton(alsoMortain)Brad Braf for ton 



Corteborne 

Haxby 
Tollerton 
Alne 
Youlton 

Myton on Swale (also 
the King) 
Tholthorp 

Helperby 



Newton upon Ouse 
Thoresby ? Linton 
on Ouse 

Ingulph's thwait 

Aldwark 
Stearsby 



Cote Cort burun 

borne 
Hax by 

Toll Toller ton 
Alne 

Iole Youl ton 
My ton Swale 

Thurolfs Thol thorp 
W 7 ibeds ton (Wibets) 
Hilpre Helper by 
Ilpre ,, 

New ton Ouse 
Thors by, Linton 
Ouse 

Ingulfs tuet thwait 

Aid were wark 
Stirs Stears by 



142 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Mortain has 

Muletorp Mowthorp (in Terring- Mule Mow thorp 





ton) 


Terrington 


Earl Alan has 






,, Hip ton 


Shipton in Overton 


Hip Ship ton 
Overton 


Hugh Baldricson has 




,, Bosciale 


Bossall 


Bosci Bos al sail 


Gerlestre 


Wapentac (Part of 


Gerles Gal tre 




Birdforth 


Bird forth 


Malet has 






,, Turmozbi 


Thormanby (also the 


Thurmoz Thorman 




King) 


by 


,, Begeland 


Old Byland 


Beye By land Old 


,, Bernebi 




Bern by 


Bp. of Durham has 




,, Creic 


Crayke 


Creic Crayke 


,, Sezai 


Sessay 


Sez Ses ai say 


,, Horenbodeb 


i Hornby in Great 


Horen Horn bode 




Smeaton 


by Smeaton 


,, Chenivetune Knayton (also the 


Chenif Knay ton 




King) 




Abp. York has 






,, Baschesbi 


Baxby 


Baschs Bax by 


,, Carletun 


Carlton Husthwaite 


Carl ton Hus thwaite 


Gospatric has 






„ Torp 




Thorp 


, , Ulvestun 


Oulston 


Ulfs Ouls ton 


Perci has 






,, Topeclive 


Topcliff 


Top clive cliff 


,, Bergebi 


Borrowby 


Berg Berry Borrow 

by 


,, Rainingewat Rainton 


Raining wat Rain 

ton 
Cat Ca ton 


,, Catune 


Catton 


King has 






,, Carletun 


Carlton Miniot ? 


Carl ton Miniot 


,, Hotune 


Hutton Sessay? 


Ho Hut ton Sessay 


„ Tresc 


Thirsk 


Tresc tre sc Thirsk 


,, Neuhuse 


Newsham 


New hus ham 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



143 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

King has 

,, Sorebi Sowerby 

,, Cbelvintun South Kilvington (also 
Mortain) 
Mortain has 

,, Upsale Upsall 

,, Hundulftorp (Thornbrough) 

,, Bracheberc Breckenbrough 

Alvretun Wapentac. Allerton Wap 
King has 
,, Alvretune North Allerton 
,, Bretebi Birkby 

,, Sourebi Sowerby under CotclifT 

,, Cherchebi Kirkby Wiske 

,, Landemot Landruoth 

,, Gritorentun Thornton le Beans? 



Component Parts. 

Sore Sower by 
Chelvin Kilving ton 



Smidet' (bis) 

,, tune 
Co tun 
Bergebi 
Bornundebi 
Iaforde (bis) 
Neuhuse 
Herselaige 
Westhuse 
Mannesbi 
Sigestun 
Colesbi 
Werlegesbi 
Tirnbelli 
Einderby 



Little Smeaton 
Great Smeaton 
Crosby Cote 
Borrowby 
Romanby 
Yafforth 
Newsham Farm 
East Harlsey 

Maunby 
Sigston 
Cowsby 
Warlaby 

Thimbleby 
Ainderby Steeple 



Leche Leake 

Cheniveton Knayton 
Leisingbi Lazenby 
Ravenstorp Raventhorp 



Up sail (Upsall in 

Sweden) 
Hundulfs thorp, 

thorn brough 
Brach Brecken berc 

brough 
. Alvre Aller ton 

Alvre Aller ton 
Brete Birk by 
Sour Sower by 

Cot cliffe 
Cherch Kirk by Wisk 
Land mot moth 
Gri thorn ton le 

Beans 
Smid Smea ton 

Co Cote ton Crosby 
Berg Borrow by 
Romund Roman by 
la Yaf forth 
New hus News ham 
Hers Harls laig sey 
West hus 
Mannes Maun by 
Sigs ton 
Coles Cows by 
Werleys Warla by 
Timbel Thimble by 
Einder Ainder by 

Steeple 
Lech Leak 
Cheniv Knay ton 
Leising Lazen by 
Ravens thorp 



144 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

King has 
,, Dine shale 
,, Torentun 
,, Croxebi 
,, Runtime 
,, Otrintune 

(bis) 
,, Romundebi 

(bis) 
,, Brunton 
,, Irebi 
,, Ho tune 
,, Wirceshel 

,, Apletun 

,, Lentune 

, , Iarun 

,, Welleberg 

,, Erleseie 

,, Erleseie 

,, Mortune 

,, Englebi 

,, Lerneclif 
,, Bordalebi 

,, Elrebec 
,, Asmundre- 

lac 
,, Silftune 
Mortain has 
, , Silftune 
,, Sourebi 

King has 
,, Croxebi 
,, Capwic 
„ Dal 
,, Halmbi 



Modern. 

Over Dinsdale 

Thornton le street 

Crosby 

West Rounton 

North Otterington 

Romanby 

Brompton 

Irby 

Hutton Bonville 

High Worsall 

Low ,, 

Appleton upon Wiske 

Kirk Levington 
Castle ,, 
Yarrn 
Welbury 
East Harlsey 
West ,, 
Morton 
Ingleby Arncliffe 

Arncliffe 

(now Mount Grace 

Priory) 
Ellerbeck 
Osmotherley 

Over Silton 



Component Parts. 

Dines Dins dale 
Thorn ton street 
Crox Cros by 
Run Roun ton 
trin Ottering ton 

Romund Roman by 

Brun Bromp ton 
Ire Ir by 

Ho Hut ton Bonville 
Wirces Wors hel all 
, , , , sail 

Apel Apple ton 

Wiske 
Len Leving ton Kirk 
,, ,, Castle 

Iar Yar un m 
Well berg bury 
Erles Harls ie sey 

Mor ton 
Engle Ingle by 

Arncliffe 
L'Ern Arn cliffe 
Bor dale by, Mt 

Grace 
Eire Eller bee 
Asrnundr Osmother 

lac ley 
Silf Sil ton 



Nether Silton Silf Sil ton 

Sowerby under Cotcliff Sour Sower by Cot 

cliffe 

Crosby Crox Cros by 

Kepwick Cap Kep wic 

Dale Town (also Malet) Dal town 
Hawnby ,, Halm Hawn by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



145 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Bp. Durham has 






,, Grisebi 


Girsby 


Gris Girs by 


,, Dictune 


Deighton in North- 


Die Deigh ton, 




allerton 


Allerton 


,, Winetune 


Winton 


Win ton 


,, Fostune 


Foxton 


Fos Fox ton 


,, Bruntune 


Brompton 


Brun Bromp ton 


Malet has 






,, Torentune 


Thornton le street 


Thorn ton le street 


,, Mortun 


Murton or Morton 


Mor Mur ton 


,, Lece 


Leake 


Lee Leake 


Page 85b. 






Earl Alan's Lands— 




Gellinges 


Gilling 


Gell Gill ing 


Herford 


Hartforth 


Her Hart forth 


Neuton 


Newton Morell ? 


New ton Morell 


Cudtone 


North Cowton 


Cud Cow ton 


>> 


South ,, 


M M >» 


Argun 


Eryholme 


Arg Ary Ery holme un 


Hale 


Healaugh 


Ha le Hea laugh 


Stapledun 


Stapleton 


Staple dun ton 


Forsed 


Forset 


Fors ed et 


Bereford (bis) 


Barforth 


Ber Bar forth 


Moltun 


Moulton 


Mol Moul ton 


Barton 


Barton 


Bar ton 


Aplebi 


Eppleby 


Aple Epple by 


Olive 


Cliff on Tees 


Clive Cliff Tees 


Cartune 


? Carlton in Stanwick 


Car Carl ton Stan- 
wick 


Ulfeton 


Ovington 


Ulf Ov ing ton 


Gerlinton 


Girlington 


Ger lin ton Girling 


Witclive 


Wycliffe 


Wit Wy clive cliffe 


Torp 


Thorpe 


Thorp 


Mortham 


Mortham 


Mort Morth ham 


Eghiston 


Eggleston 


Eghis Eggles ton 


Bringhale 


Brignall 


Bring Brign hal all 


Seacreghil 


Scargill 


Seacre Scar ghil gill 


Berningha' (bis) 


Barningham 


Berning Barning 
ham 


Laston 


West Layton 


Las Lay ton West 


Latone (bis) 


East ,, 


,, ,, East 



146 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Steinuege (bis) 

other ,, 

Manefeld 

Hotune 

Midelton 

Naton 

Staplendun 

Dirneshale 

Smeton 

Langeton 

Caldewelle 

Aldeburne 

Cartun 

Clesbi 

Croft 

Torp 

Stradford 

Indrelag 

Asebi 

Brunton 

Schirebi 

Neutone 

Boletone 

Chipeling 

Langeton 

Tirnetofte 

Solberge 

Mannebi 

Chirchebi 

Mortnne 
Alreton 
Eiford 
Eindrebi 

"Warlauesbi 
Danebi 
Cotune 
Lontone 



Modern. 
Stan wick 

Manfield 
Great Hutton 
Middleton Tyas 
Kneeton 
Stapleton 
Over Dinsdale 

Great Smeaton 

Langton on Swale 

Caldwell 

Aldbrough 

Carlton 

Cleasby 

Croft " 

Thorp in Wycliffe 

Startforth 

(now Richmond?) 

Easby 

Brompton upon Swale 

Skeeby 

Newton Morell 

Bolton on Swale 

Kiplin 

Little Langton 

Thirntoft 

Sowber Hill 

Maunby 

Kirkby Wiske 

Morton upon Swale 
Ellerton ,, ,, 
Yafforth 
Ainderby Steeple 

Warlaby 
Danby Wiske 
South? Cowton 
Lonton 



Component Parts. 
Stein Stan ueg wic 

Mane Man field 
Ho Hut ton 
Midel ton Tyas 
Na Knee ton 
Staplen Staple dun 
Dimes Thirns hal 

Dins dale 
Sme Smea ton 
Lang ton Swale 
Cald well 
Aid burn brough 
Car Carl ton 
Cles Cleas by 
Croft 

Thorp Wy cliffe 
Strad Start forth 
Indre lag Richmond 
Ase Eas by 
Brun Bromp ton 
Schire Skee by 
New ton Morell 
Bol ton Swale 
Chip Kip lin ing 
Lang ton 
Thirn toft 
Sol Sow berg ber 
Mamie Maun Magna 

by 
Chirch Kirk by 

Wisk 
Mor ton Swale 
Aire Eller ton Swale 
Ei Ya forth 
E indre Aindre by 

Steeple 
Warlavs Warla by 
Dane Dan by Wiske 
Co Cow ton 
Lon ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



147 



Domesday, 1086. 


MODEKN. 


Component Parts. 


Micleton 


Mickleton 


Mickle ton 


Runioldescerce 


Romaldkirk 


Rumolds Romald 
cere kirk 


Hundredestoith 


Hunderthwaite 


Hundreds Hunder 
toith thwait 


Lertinton 


Lartington 


Lert Lart ing ton 


Codreston 


Cotherston 


Codres Cotbers ton 


Rocbebi 


Rokeby 


Rocb Roke by 


Broctune 


Broughton Lythe 


Broc Brough ton 
Lythe 


Neuhuson 


Newsham 


New bus ham on 


Dalton 


Dalton 


Dal ton 


other Dalton 


? ? 


5 ) J > 


Raveneswet 


Ravensworth 


Ravens wet worth 


Malsenebi 


Melsonby 


Malsen Melson by 


Dirdeston 


Didderston Grange 


Dirds Didders ton 
Grange 


Scortone 


Scorton 


Scor ton 


Catrice 


Catterick 


Cat Catte ric 


Chilwordebi 


Killerby 


Chilvord Killer by 


Endrebi 


Ainderby Myers 


Endre Ainder by 
Myers 


Tunestale (bis) 


Tunstall 


Tun* stall 


Endrebi 


Ainderby Steeple 


Endre Ainder by 
Steeple 


Cherchebi 


Kirkby Fleetbam 


Cherch Kirkby Fleet 
barn 


Fleteha' 


Fleethani 


Flete Fleet ham 


Hase 


Aske 


Hase Aske 


Fencote 


Fencotes 


Fen cote 


Scurueton 


5 5 

Scruton 


»? 1 1 

Scuru Scru ton 


Langetorp 


Langthorne 


Lang thorp thorne 


Acheforde 


Hackforth 


Acke Hack forth 


Hornebi 


Hornby 


Horn bv 


Eltebi 


Little Holtby 


Elt Holt by 


Apleton 


East & West Appleton Aple Apple ton 


Burg 


Brough 


Burg Brough 


Corburne 


Colburn 


Cor Col burn 


Hiplewelle 


Hipswell 


Hiple Hips well 


Scotune 


Scotton 


Sco Scot ton 



148 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Udreswelle 


Hudswell 


Udres Huds well 


Indrelage 


(Richmond) 


Indre lag Richmond 


Dune 


Downholme 


Dun Down holm 


Elreton 


Ellerton 


Eire Eller ton 


Marige 


Marrick 


Mar ige ick 


Grinton 


Grinton 


Grin ton 


Freminton 


Fremington 


Frem ing ton 


Rie 


Reeth 


Rie Reeth 


Denton 




Den ton 


Burg 


Brough pasture 


Bur Brough pasture 


Fors 


Force 


Fors Force Foss 


Ascric 


Askrigg 


Asc rie rigg 


Werton 


W or ton 


Wer Wor ton 


Torenton 


Thornton Rust 


Thorn ton Rust 


Echescard 


Aysgarth 


Eches Ays scard 
garth 


Crochesbi 




Crochs by 


Turodesbi 


Thoralby 


Thurolds Thoral by 


Burton 


West Burton 


Bur ton 


Chirprebi 


Carperby 


Chirpre Carper by 


Bodelton 


Castle Bolton 


Bodel Bol ton Castle 


other Bod' 


Low or West Bolton 


?» 55 55 


Toresbi ^bis) 


Th ores by 


Thores by 


Ridemare 


Redmire 


Rid Red mare mire 


Preston 


Preston under Scar 


Prest ton Scar 


Witun 


West Witton 


Wit Wi ton 


> > 


East ,, 


5 5 5 5 5 5 


Scalftun 


Scrafton 


Scalf Scraf Oscalf 
ton 


Wentreslage 


Wensley 


Wentres Wens ley 


other ,, 


i > 


5 5 55 55 


Carleton 


Carlton 


Carl ton 


Melmerbi 


Melmerby 


Melmer by 


Aculestorp 


Agglethorp 


Acules Aggie thorp 


Caldeber 


Caldbergh 


Cald ber bergh 


Covreha' 


Coverham 


Cover ham 


Medelai 


Middleham 


Medel Middle ham 


Leborne 


Leyburn 


Le Ley borne burn 


Ernebi 


Harnby 


Ern Harn by 


Speningetorp 


Spennithorne 


Spen ing Spenni 
thorp thorne 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



149 



Domesday, 1086, 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Danebi 


Danby 


Dane Dan by 


Belgebi 


Bellerby 


Beige Bely Beller by 


Bernedan 


Barden 


Bern Bar dan den 


Gerdeston 


Garriston 


Gerds Garris ton 


Hauocheswelle 


East Hauxwell 


Hauoches Haux well 


other ,, 


West 


J» J > 1 J 


Bertone 


Constable Burton 


Ber Bur ton Con- 
stable 


Tornenton 


Thornton Steward 


Thorn ton Steward 


Ascha' 




Asch ham 


Ellintone 


Ellington 


Elling ton 


Siwartorp 




Siward thorp 


Sutone 


High Sutton 


Su Sut ton 


Federbi 


Fearby 


Feder Fear by 


Ilcheton 


Ilton 


Ilch 11 ton 


Massan 


Ma sham 


Mass ham an 


Tmslebroc 




Twisle broc bro' 


Suinton 


Swinton 


Suin Swin ton 


Sudton 


High Sutton 


Sud Sut ton 


Clifton 


Clifton on Ure 


Clif ton Ure 


Welle 


Well 


Well 


Burton 


High Burton 


Bur ton 


Opetune 




Ope Op ton 


Achebi 


Aikbar ? 


Ache Aik by bar 


Fredebi' 


Firby 


Frede Fir by 


Bedale 


Bedale 


Be dale 


Echescol 


Aiskew 


Eches Ais col kew 
skew 


Borel 


Bur rill 


Bor Burr el ill 


Torreton 


Thornton Watlas 


Torre Thorn ton 


Wadles 


W atlas 


Wad Wat las 


Torp 


Thorp Perrow 


Thorp Perrow 


Torneton 


Thornton 


Thorn ton 


Thirne 


Thirn 


Thirn 


Kocwid 


Rookwith 


Roc Rook wid with 


Hotune 


Hutton Hang 


Ho Hut ton Hang 


Finegal 


Fingall 


Fin gall 


Risewic 


Ruswick 


Ris Rus wic 


Neuton 


Newton-le- Willows 


New ton Willows 


Hun ton 


Hunton 


Hun ton 


Eslinton 


Hesselton 


Eslin Hessel ton 



150 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Brunton 


Patrick Brompton 


Brun Bromp ton 
Patrick 


Crachele 


Crakehall 


Crach Crake el hall 


Tanefeld 


East Tanfield 


Tan field 


other ,, 


West 


>> >> 


Upsale 


Upsland 


Up sal land 


Ho grave 


Hougrave 


Ho Hou grave 


Sutone 


Sutton Howgrave 


Su Sut ton 


Wat 


Wath 


Wat Wath 


Malmerbi 


Melmerby 


Maimer Melmer by 


Mideltune 


Middleton Qwernhowe 


Middle ton Qwern 
howe 


Cherclinton 


Kirklington 


Cherc Kirk lin ling 
ton 


Gernwic 


Yarn wick 


Gern Yarn wic 


Normanebi 




Norman by 


Caretorp 


Carthorp 


Car thorp 


Breningston 


Burneston 


Brenings Burnes ton 


Eston 


Theakston 


Es Theaks ton 


Aschilebi 


Exilby 


Aschil Exil by 


Neutone 


Newton Picot 


New ton Picot 


Chenetesbi 


Gatenby 


Chenets Gaten by 


Ounesby 




Ounes by 


Suanebi 


Swainby 


Suane Swain by 


Picale 


Pickhill 


Pic al hill 


Erlevestorp 


Allerthorp 


Erlevs Aller thorp 


Seuenetorp 


(Swainethorp ?where) 


Seuen Swain thorp 


Senerebi 


Sinderby 


Sener Sinder by 


Andrebi 


Ainderby Qwernhowe 


Andre Aindre by 
Qwern how 


Hon 


Howe 


Hou Howe 


Baldrebi 


Baldersby 


Baldre Balders by 


Asebi 


Asenby 


Ase Asen by 


Reineton 


Rainton 


Rein Rain ton 


ESTREDING. 






Hase Htjndret. Hessle Hundred. 


Hase Hessle 


Tison has 






,, Hase 


Hessle (also Morterner) 


Hase Hessle 


,, Crachetorp 




Crake thorp 


,, Unlouebi 


Anlaby (also the King 


, M or tain and 




Morterner) 


Unlov Anlaf by 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



151 



Domesday, 1086. 
Tison has 
,, Aluengi 

,, Weresa 

,, Bomiebi 

,, Bubuid 
Mortemer has 

,, Ferebi 

„ Walbi 

,, Mitun 

,, Ripingha' 

,, Totfled 

,, Ulfardun 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Kirk Ella (also Mortemer, Mortain and 
Baldricson) Alwen Ella Kirk 
Wressle (also Mortemer) Weres Wres sal 
Gunby (also Mortain) Bonne Gun by 
Bub with (also Mortemer) Bub uid with 

North Ferriby (also Mortain) Fere Ferri by 



Wauldby 
Myton 

Riplmgham 

Wolfreton 



Nesse 
Lont 
Bristun 
Wilgetot 



Wal Wauld by 

Mi My ton 

Kip ing Ripling ham 

Tot fled 

Ulfar Wolfre dun 

ton 
Ness News holme 
Lont Lund 
Bris Breigh ton 



"Wilier by 



W 7 ilgar "Wilier by 



Newsholme 

Lund (also Tison) 
Breighton 

Willitoft (also Mortain and Tison) W T ilge 

Willi tot toft 
King has 

,, W 7 ilgardi 
Mortain has 
,, Spellinton 

W 7 ELLETON HUNDRET. 

Bp. Durham has 
„ Welleton Welton Welle ton 

,, Brending- Brantingham (also Malet and Mortain) 

ham (bis) Brending Branting ham 

,, Brentingha' ,, Thorp Thorp ,, ,, 

,, Walchinton Walkington (also Archbp. York & the King) 



Spaldington Spellin Spalding ton 

Welton Hundred 



(bis; 

,, Lont Lund 

Archbp. York has 



Schitebi 
Elgendon 



Skidby 
E Houghton 



„ W 7 albi Wauldby 

,, Benedlage Bentley 
,, Risbi Risby 

Hugh Baldricson has 
,, Cotingha' Cottingham 



Walehin Walk ing ton 
Lont Lund 

Schit Skid by 
Elgen Ellough don 

ton 
W 7 al Wauld by 
Bened Bent lag ley 
Ris by 

Cot ing Cotting ham 



152 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Component Parts. 



Wid Weigh ton 
Pil ford wood 
Cave 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Hugh Baldricson has 
,, Widetun Little Weighton 
,, Pileford Pilwood Farm 

Cave Hundret. Cave Hundred. 
Malet has 

North Cave Cave 

South ,, (also Abp.Mortain & Baldricson) 
Drewton Drowe Drew ton 

Kettlethorp Chetels thorp 

Ever thorp Ever thorp 

Hotham (also Bp. of Durham, King, and 

Malet) Hod Hot ham 
Seaton Ross (also the King) Set Sea ton 

Ross 
Laytham (also Tison) La Layt ham don 
Aughton Ac Augh ton 

Ellerton Eire Eller ton 

East Cottingwith Cote Cotting wid 

with 
,, other ,, West ,, (also Ernest Burun) ,, 
Bp. Durham has 
,, Hundeslege Hunsley (also Baldricson) Hunds Huns ley 



55 


Cave 


55 


other Cave 


55 


Droweton 


„ Torp 
Mortain has 


55 
55 


Evertorp 
Hode 


55 


Setton 


95 


Ladon 


55 


Actun 


55 


Elretun 


55 


Cote wid 



Clive 
,, Iugufied 

Archbp. has 
,, Niwebold 

Tison has 
,, Fulcartorp 



South Cliff 
Yokeneet 

North Newbald 



South Clive Cliffe 
Iugu Yoke fled fleet 

Niwe New bold bald 



Gribthorp 



Melbourne 
Thornton 



,, Gripetorp 
Mortemer has 

,, Midelborne 

,, Torentun 

Houeden Hundret 
Bp. Durham has 

,, Houeden 

,, Hidon 

,, Owestorp 

„ Portinton 

,, Birland 



Foggathorp (also Mortimer and Mortain) 

Fulcar Fogga Thorp 



Gripe Gnb thorp 

Midel Mel bourne 
Thorn ton 



Howden Hundred 



Howden 

Hive 

Ousethorp 

Portington 

Burland 



Ho ue How den 
Hid Hive on 
Owes Ouse thorp 
Por lin ton Porling 
Bir Bur land 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



153 



Domesday, 1086. 

Bp. Durham has 
,, Chevede 
,, Estrinton 
,, Chelpin 
,, Iugufled 
,, Cotes 
,, Saltemersc 
,, Laxinton 
,, Schilton 
,, Berneheld 



Modern. 



Caville 
Eastrington 
Kilpin 
Yokefleet 

Cotness 
Saltmarsh 
Laxton 
Skelton 



Component Parts. 

Chev Cav ed ill 
Estr Eastr ing ton 
Chelp Kilp in 
Iugu Yoke fled fleet 
Cotes Cot ness 
Salt mersc marsh 
Lax ing ton 
Schil Skel ton 
Bern Barn held hill 
Ball Bel by 
Thorp How den 
Cled Knedl ing ton 



Barn hill 
Ballebi (bis) Belby (also the King) 
Torp Thorp in Howden 

Cledinton Knedlington 
Aschilebi(bis) Asselby (also Mortain) Aschil Assel by 
Barnebi Barmby on the Marsh Barn Barm by 

Marsh 
Babetorp Babthorp Bab thorp 

Brachenel- Brackenholme (also Tison & Ernuin) 
holm (bis) Bracken holme 

Achetorp(bis) Hagthorp (also Tison) Ache Hag thorp 



Boletorp 
Bardulbi 
Kichale 
Hamiburg 



Bowthorp Bole Bow thorp 

Barlby (also the King) Bardulf Barl by 
Riccall (also Archbp. Yk.) Ric lial all 



Hemingbrough 



Mortain has 

,, Clive 

,, Sud Dufeld 

,, Dufeld 

,, Ansgotebi 
Hugh Baldricson has 

,, Schipewic Skip with 
Paganel has 



Long Cliff 
South Duffield 
North Duffield 
Osgodby 



Hami Hem ing burg 
brough 

Clive Cliff 
Sud Duf Du field 
lalso Tison) Du Duf field 
Ansgot Osgod by 

Schip Skip wic with 



,, Cotinwi 




East Cottingwith 


Cot ing with 


,, Turgisbi 




Thorganby 


Thurgis Thorgan by 


WlCSTUN 


Hundret. Weighton Hundred- Wics Weigh ton 


King has 








,, Wicstun 




Market Weighton 


Market Weigh ton 


,, Epton 




Shipton 


Ep Ship ton 


,, Oueton 




Houghton (or Malet) 


Ou Hough ton 


,, Clive (bis) 


North Cliff 


Clive Cliff 



154 yorkshire domesday 

Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

King has 
,, Gudmundha Goodmanham (also Arclibp. Tison, Mortain 

(bis) and Perci) Gudmund ham 

,, Houeton Houghton (also Tison) Hou Hough ton 

Tison has Holme Holme on Spalding Holme Spalding 
Moor Moor 

,, Santun Sancton San Sane ton 

Page S6b. 

Perci hasEstorp Easthorp (also Mortain) Es East thorp 

Arclibp. has 
,, Lodenesburg Londesbrough Lodens Londes burg 

brough 
,, Toletorp Tol thorp Tole Tol thorp 

,, Clinbicote Kiplingcotes (also Mortain & Perci) 

Clin bi Kipling Cotes 
,, Burton Cherry or NorthBurton Bur ton Cherry 

King has 
,, Ersewelle Harswell Erse Hars well 

„ Torpi Thorp „ Thorp 

,, Clevinge Cleaving Grange Clev ing Grange 

Sneculfcros Hundret. Snec Ulf cros Hundred. 

Mortain has 
,, Midelton Middleton on the Wolds (also Abp.) 

Midel ton Wolds 
,, Watun Watton (also the King) Wa W T at ton 

,, Chilewid Kilnwick ,, ,, Chil Kiln wid wic 
,, Basewic Beswick ,, ,, Base Bes wic 
,, Locheton Lockington (also Abp.) Loche Locking ton 
,, Ach Aike ,, ,, Ach Aike 

,, Steintorp Stein thorp 

,, Eton Etton (also Hugh Baldricson) E Et ton 

,, Neuson Newsham News ham on 

,, Rageneltorp Raventhorp Ray enel Raven thorp 

,, Grimeston Grimston (also Perci) Grimes ton 

Beverley St. John, has 
,, Bevreli Beverley Bevre Bever ley 

Erneis Burun has 
,, Brachen Bracken Bracken 

Perci has 
,, Pr'sene (also Bp. Durham) Prest en ham 

,, Lachinfeld Leckonfield (alsoMortain) LachinLeckon field 



PLACE NAMES, 108G. 



155 



Domesday, 1086. 
Perci has 
,, Scornesbi Scoreby 



Modern. 



Ianulfestorp Owstborp 
Do'Diton Dunnington (also 

Arcbbp.) 



Component Parts. 

Scornes, Ascorns, 

Score by 
Ianulfs Ows thorp 
Donni Dun nine ton 



Bp. Durham has 
,, Scogerbud 



,, Neuton 
,, Gerdene 
,, Hougon 

Hugh Baldricson has 

„ Torp 
Arcbbp. has 

,, Burton 

,, Molecroft 

,, Delton 



Scorbrougb (also Percy) Scoyer Scoger Scor 

bud brough 
Newton (also Arcbbp.) New ton 
Gardham Gerd Gard en ham 

Holme on the \Yolds Hou Holme Wolds 



Thorp 

Bishop or South Burton Bur ton Bishop 
Molescroft Mole Moles croft 

South Dalton Del Dal ton 



Drifelt Hundret. Driffield Hundred. Drif field 
King has Drifeld Great Driffield (also Mortain) 



Elmeswelle Ems well 

Calgestorp Kelleythorpe 

Cheldale Kendale Farm 

Augustburne Eastburn 

Westburne Kirkburn 
Sudburne Southburn 
Tibetorp (bis) Tibtborp 



Schirne 
,, Cranzwic 
,, Sundre- 
lanwic 
„ Torp 
Mortain has 
,, Rotesse 
,, Nessewic 
,, Cranzwic 

,, Hotune 
,, Bagenton 



S kerne 
Cranswick 

Sunderlanclwick (also 
Gospatric) 



Elmes Ems well 
Calyes Kelley thorp 
Cbel Ken dale 
August Aust East 

burn 
"West Kirk burn 
Sud burn 
Tib thorp 
Schirn Skern 
Cranz Crans wic 
Sunder land wic 

Thorp 



Botes Rot se sea 
Ness wic 



Rotsea 

Neswick 

Cranswick (also Hugh Crans wic 

Baldricson) 
Hutton ,, ,, 
Bain ton 



Ho Hut ton 
Bayen Bain ton 



156 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

Wartre Hundret. 
King has 

,, Wartre 

,, Brunha' 

,, Hughete 

,, Holde 

,, Chile wic 

„ Metelbi 

„ Torp 

,, Iapun 

,, Gevedale 

,, other ,, 

,, Grintorp 

,, Milleton 
Todeni has 

,, Naborne 

,, Dalton 
Earl Alan has 

,, Eslinton 



Modern. Component Parts. 

Warter Hundred. War tre 



Warter (also Perci) War tre 
Nunburnholme Nun burn holme 

Huggate (also Ernuin) Hug het gate 
Hotharn (also Abp.) Hold Hot Hoth ham 



Kildwick Priory 
Meltonby 



Chil Kild wic Priory 

Metel Mel ton by 

Thorp 

la Yap ham un 

Geve Given dale 



Yapham 

Great Givendale 

Little ,, (also Abp.) ,, ,, ,, 

Grim thorp Grin Grim thorp 

Millington (also Archbp.) Mill ing ton 



Naburn (also the King) Na burn 

North Dalton ,, ,, & Mortain Dal ton 



Heslington (also Archbp. & Baldricson) 

Eslin Hesling ton 
,, Languelt Langwith (also Baldricson) Lang uelt with 
Archbp. has 
,, Wetwangha' Wetwang Wet wang ham 

,, Euletorp Fulford (also Earl Alan & Erneis Burun) 

Fule thorp ford 
Poclinton Hundret. Pock lin Pockl ing ton 

King has 
,, Poclinton Pocklington ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, 

,, Belebi Beilby 

,, Haiton Hayton (also Perci) 

,, Waplinton Waplington 



Alwarestorp Allerthorp 
Frangefos Fangfoss 



Archbp. has 
,, Brunebi 

,, Evringha' 

,, Wilton 

,, Bodelton 

, Geutorp 



Bele Beil by 
Hai Hay ton 
Wap lin Wapl ing 

ton 
Alwares Aller thorp 
Frang Fang foss 



Burnby (also King, Malet & Perci) 

Brim by 
Everingham Evr Eofr ing ham 

Bishop Wilton Wil ton Bishop 

Bolton (alse King) Bodel Bol ton 
Gowthorp Geu Gow thorp 



place names, 1086. 157 

Domesday, 1086. Modern. Component Parts. 

Archbp. has 
,, Aiultorp Youlthorp (also 0. Arbalistarius) 

Aiul Youl thorp 
,, Grenewic Green wick Farm Green wic 

,, Balchetorp Belthorp Balcbe Bel thorp 

,, Bernebi Barmby on the moor (also the King) Bern, 

Barm by moor 
Tison has 

Rudtorp Rud thorp 

Perci has 
,, Sudton Sutton upon Derwent (also Mortain) 

Sud ton Derwent 
,, Coldrid Wheldrake Col Whel drid drake 

,, Alwinton Elvington Alwin Elving ton 

Earl Hugh has 

,, Caton Catton Ca Cat ton 

Earl Alan has 
,, Chelchefeld Kelfield (also Hugh Baldricson) Chelch, 

Kelk Kel field 
,, Ascri Escrick Asc Esc ric 

,, Morebi Moreby (also Hugh Baldricson) More by 

,, Diston Deighton Dis Deigh ton 

,, Chetelstorp Chetels thorp 

Erneis Burun has 
,, Steflingefeld Stillingfleet (also King, Earl Allan, Hugh 

Baldricson) Stefl Stilling feld, fleet 
Huntou Hundret. Hunt ou Hundred 

Earl Hugh has 
,, Flaneburg Flamborough Flane Flam burg borough 
,, Siwardbi Sewerby (also Mortain and the King) 

Siward Sewer by 
Mortain has 
,, Hilgertorp Hilderthorp (also the King) 

Hilger Hilder thorp 
,, Frestintorp Fraisthorp (also the King and Hugh 

Baldricson) Fresting Frais thorp 
,, Benton Bempton Ben Bemp ton 

King has 
,, Marton Marton (also Archbp. & Mortain) Mar ton 

,, Bretlinton Bridlington (also King & Mortain) 

Bret Bridl ing ton 



158 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 

King has 
,, Wiulestorp 
„ Basingebi 
,, Eleburne 
,, Eston 
,, Bouintorp 

„ Gerendale 
,, Ricton 

Page 87a. 
,, Spetton 
,, Bocheton 



Modern. 



Component Parts. 



Wilsthorp (also Drogo) Wivles Wils thorp 
Bessingby Basing Bessing by 

Auburn Ele Au burn 

Easton Es Eas ton 

Boynton (also Mortain) Bouin Boyn thorp 

ton 
Grindale (also Archbp.) Geren Grin dale 
Reighton ,, ,, Ric Reigh ton 



Speeton (also Mortain) Spet Spee ton 
Buckton (also Mortain Boch Buck ton 
& Earl Hugh) 
Fleuston Flixton Fleus Flix ton 

Stacstone Staxton Stacs Stax ton 

Foxhole Foxholes (partly Robert de Bruce's after- 
wards) Fox holes 
Turbar Hundret. Thur bar Hundred 



Muston 

Neuton 

Fordun 

Ledemare 

Burton 

Fulcheton 

Chelch 

Ergon e 



Muston 
Wold Newton 
Fordon 

Burton Flemming 

Folkton 

Little Kelk 



Mus ton 
Wold New ton 
Ford For dun don 
Lede (Sled) mare 
Bur ton Fleming 
Fulch Folk ton 
Chelch Kelk 
Ergham, Argam (also Mortain) 

Erg Arg ham am on 



Est Eles tolf 
Helmes Ems well 



„ Estolf [or Elestolf] 
,, Helmeswelle Ems well 

Gand has 

,, HundemanebiHunmanby 

,, Ricstorp 

,, Mustone Muston 

,, Scloftone 

,, Neuton Wold Newton 

,, Flotemanebi Flotmanby (also Archbp.) Flotman by 
Archbp. has 

,, Chelc Great Kelk Chelc Kelk 

,, Chemelinge Gembling Chemel Gembl 

Gamel ing 



Hund man by 
Rics thorp 
Mus ton 

Sclof (Ascolf) ton 
Wold New ton 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



159 



Component Parts. 



Garton (also Archbp.) Gar ton 
Brigham (also the King) Bring Brig bam 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Mortain has 
,, Gar tune 
,, Bringeha' 

Perci has 

,, Fodstone Foston on the Wolds Fods Fos ton Wolds 
,, Nadfartone Nafferton (also the King) Nad far Naffer ton 
,, Pochetorp Pockthorp (also Mortain) Poch Pock thorp 
Burton Hundret. Bur ton Hundred 

King has 
,, Burton Burton Agnes Bur ton Agnes 

,, Grenzmore Gransmoor (also Ernuin) Grenz Grans 

moor 
,, Logetorp Lowthorp (also Archbp.) Loge Low thorp 
,, Thirnon Thornholme Thirn Thorn holme 

on 
,, Ascheltorp Haisthorp (also Archbp.) Aschels Hais thorp 
,, Cherendebi Carnaby Cherend Carna by 

,, Caretorp Caythorp (also Archbp. & Mortain) 

Car Cay thorp 
,, Piodestain Rudston (also Paganell & Mortain) 

Rode stain Ruds ton 
,, Twenc Thwing 

,, Buitorp Boythorp 

,, Bruneton Potter Brompton 



,, Galmeton 
,, Widlaueston 
Ernuin has 
,, Arpen 

,, Chillon 

Archbp. has 
,, Roreston 
,, Langetov 

Mortain has 
„ Torp 
,, Fornetorp 
,, Ocheton 
,, Butruid 
,, Binneton 



Ganton 



Harpham (also the 
King) 



Thwenc Thwing 
Bui Boy thorp 
Brim Bromp ton 

Potter 
Galm Gan ton 
Widlafs ton 

Arp Harp ham en 



Kilham 



& 0. Arbalistarius 

Chil Kil ham on 



Ruston Parva Rores Rus ton Parva 

Langtoft (also the King) Lang tov toft 



(also the King) 
Octon ,, ,, 
Butterwick 
Binnington 



Thorp 

Forn thorp 

Och Oc ton 

Butr Butter wid wic 

Binne Binning ton 



160 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

Arbalistarius has 
,, Suauetorp Swaytborp 

Scard Hundret. Scard Hundred 
Hugh Baldricson has 



Component Parts. 
Suaue Sway thorp 



,, Lanton 
,, Cheretorp 
,, Norton 
,, Bredale 
Mortain has 
,, Briteshale 

,, Sudton 

,, Warran 
King has 
,, Suton 

,, Grimston 

,, Touetorp 
,, Scameston 

„ Torp 
Mortemer has 
„ Wellon 



Langton Lan Lang ton 

Kennythorp Cher Kenny thorp 

Norton (also King & Mortemer) Nor ton 
Burdale (also King) Bre Bur dale 

Birdsall (also the King & Archbp.) 

Brites Birds hal sail 

Sutton in Norton (also the King) 

Sud Sut ton, Nor ton 

Wharram le street Wharr am le street 

Sutton in Norton (also Ralph Mortemer, 
Hugh Baldricson & Archbp.) Sut ton 
North Grimston (also Archbp. and 

Baldricson) Grims ton 
Towthorp (alsoMortain) Tou Tow thorp 
Scampston (also Mortemer) Scames Scamps 

ton 
Thorp Basset (also Mortain) Thorp Basset 



Welham (also Hugh Baldricson) 

Well ham on 
Wentrigena' Wintringham Wentring Wintring 

ham 
Linton Lin ton 



,, , Linton 
Todeni has 
,, Sendriton 
,, Bocheton 



Settrington Sendri Settring ton 

Buckton Boch Buck ton 

Duggleby Difgel Duggle by 

Rillington (also the King & Mortain) 

Red lin Rilling ton 
Scagglethorp Scach Scaggle thorp 

Hacle Hundret. Acklam Hundred. 

Mennistorp Menethorp (also the King) 

Mennis Mene thorp 

Bergetorp Bury thorp ,, Berg Bury thorp 

Unchelfsbi Uncleby ,, Unchelfs Uncle by 



Difgelibi 
Redlinton 

Scachetorp 



PLACE NAMES, 108G. 



161 



Domesday, 1086. Modern. 

King has 
,, Gedwalestorp Eddlethorp 



Component Parts. 



Chircbebi Kirkby Underdale 



Thorf 
Grimeston 

Aclun 



Gedwales Eddie 

thorp 
Chirch Kirk by 
Under dale 
Painsthorp (also Maminot) Pains thorp 
Hanging Grirnston (also Arbalistarius) 

Grims ton Hanging 
Acklam (also Mortain) Acl un ham 
,, Gheruenzbi Garrowby ,, Gheruenz Garrow by 

,, Ledlinge Leavening Ledl Leaven ing 

,, Turalzbi Thoralby Thuralz Thoral by 

,, Warron Wharram Percy Warr Wharr am on 

Percy 
,, Redrestorp Raisthorp (also Arbalistarius & Baldricson) 

Redres Rais thorp 
Mortain has 
,, otherLedlinge Leavening Ledl Leaven ing 

,, Huson Howsham Hus Hows ham on 

,, Barchetorp Barthorp (also Arbalistarius) 

Barch Bar thorp 
Leppington Lep ing ton 

South Kniton Sud Cnit Knight ton 

Kirkham Chirch Kirk ham 

Thixendale (also Arbalistarius) 

Sixten Thixen dale 
Archbp. has 
,, Bugetorp Bugthorp Bug thorp 

,, Fridaizstorp Friday thorp (also Arbalistarius & the King) 

Fridays thorp 
Arbalistarius has 
,, Scarpenbec Skirpenbeck (also Mortain) Scarpen 

Skirpen thorp 
Scradiztorp Scradiz thorp 



Lepinton 
Sudcniton 
Chirchan 
Sixtendale 



Hugh Baldricson has 
,, Screngha' Scrayingham 
Page 87b. 

ToRESHOU HuNDRET. 

Hugh Baldricson has 
,, Schiresburne Sherburn (also Mortain Shires burn 

and Archbp.) 



Screng Scraying ham 
Thores hou 



162 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1080. 
Paganel has 
,, Neuton 

King has 
,, Eslerton 

,, other ,, 

,, Turodebi 

,, Slidemare 

,, Crogun 

,, Colnun 
Mortemer has 
,, Cn ape tone 
,, Turgislebi 



Modern. 

Newton in Wintring 
ham 



Component Parts. 

New ton Wintring 
ham 



East Heslerton (also Baldricson 

Mortain and Todeni) 
West ,, (also Mortain) Esler Hesler ton 
Thoralby Thurod Thorald by 

Sledmere (alsoMortain) Slid Sled mere 
Croom (also Baldricson Crog Groom un 

and Todeni) 
Cowlam (also Todeni) Coin Cowl am un 



Knapton 

Thirkleby in Kirkby 
Grindalythe 
Mortain has 



Knap Cnap ton 
Thurgisle Thirkle by 



> ) 


other Turgi 


slebi Thirkleby 


Thurgisle Thirkle by 


>> 


Chirchebi 


Kirkby Grindalythe 


Chirch Kirk by 






(also King) 


Grindalythe 


Archbp. has 






5 J 


Wilfretorp 


Weaverthorp 


Wilfre Weaver thorp 


» J 


Ludton 


East & West Lutton 


Lud Lut ton 


1> 


Elpetorp 


Helperthorp 


Elp Helper thorp 


J J 


Muletorp 


Mowthorp (alsoMortain) Mule Mow thorp 


5 > 


Coletun, 


Cowlam 


Col Cowl ham un 




Colnun 




ton 


'> 


Cottun 


Cottam 


Cott ham un 


5> 


Patrictone 


Patrington 


Patric Patring ton 


5 J 


Wifestede 


Winstead 


Wit* Win sted 


1 > 


Halsam 


Halsham 


Hals ham 


>> 


Torp 


Welwick Thorp 


Wei wic Thorp 


1 J 


Toruelestorp Tharlesthorp 


Thoruls Tharles 








thorp 


■> > 


Suine 


Swine 


Suine Swine 


1 > 


Scirlai 


Skirlaugh 


Scir Skir lai laugh 


1 J 


Mereflot 


Marfleet 


Mere Mar not fleet 


?> 


Sprotelai 


Sproatley 


Sprote Sproat ley 


?5 


Dane torp 


Danthorp 


Dane Dan thorp 


1 > 


Waghene 


Waghen 


Wagh en 


•5 J 


Vela 


Weel 


Vela Weel 



PLACE NAMES, 1086. 



163 



Domesday, 1086. 

Archbp. has 
,, Ticbetoue 
,, Asch 
,, Es torch 
,, Welwic 
,, Wideton 

Uth Hund'. 
,, Grimeston 
,, Monnewic 
,, Otringeha' 

Mith Hund', 
,, Billetone 
,, Santriburtone 



Modern. 

Tickton 
Eske 

Storkhill Farm 
Welwick 
Wyton 

South Hundred. 
Grirnston Garth 
Monk wick 
Ottringham 

Middle Hundred. 
Bilton 
Burton Constable 



Neutone West Newton 
Flintone Flinton 
Danetorp Danthorp 
Witfornewinc Withernwick 



Rutha 

Sutone 

Sotecote 

Drip old 

Nort Hund. 

Coledun 

Rison 

Siglestone 

Cotingewic 

Brantisbur- 

tune 
Levene 



Routh 
Sutton 
South Coates 
Drypool 

North Hundred 
Great Golden 
Rise 

Sigglesthorn 
Catwick 
Bransburton 

Leven 



Heldrenesse. Holderness. 
Brostewic Burstwick 



Pagele 

Sutone 

Holm (bis) 

Niweton 

Nothele 

Scachelinge 

Camerinton 

Torn 



Paull 

Sutton 

Paull Holme 

Newton 

Nuttles 

Skekling 

Camerton 

Thorngumbald 



Component Parts. 

Tich Tick ton 
Asch Esk 
E scorch Stork hill 
Wei wic 
Wid Wy ton 
Uth South 
Grims ton Garth 
Monn Monk wic 
Otring ham 
Mith Middle 
Bill ton 
San tri bur ton 

Constable 
New ton 
Flin ton 

Dane Dan thorp 
Wit forn Withern 

wine wic 
Rutha Routh 
Su Siit ton 
Sote South Coats 
Dri pold pool 

Col dun den 
Ris Rise on 
Sigles ton thorn 
Coting Cat wic 
Brantis Brans bur 

ton 
Leven 

Heldre Holder ness 
Brost Burst wic 
Payel Paull 
Su Sut ton 
Holm Paull 
Niwe New ton 
Noth Nutt el 
Scachel Skekl ing 
Camer in ton 
Thorn gum bald 



1G4 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086. 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Die 

Sprotele 

Prestune 


Lelley Dike ? 

Sproatley 

Preston 


Die Dike Lelley 
Sprote ley 
Prest ton 


Chilnesse 


Kiln sea 


Chilnes Kiln sea 
nesse 


Tunestal 


Tunstall 


Tun stall 


Rosse 


Roos 


Rosse Roos 


Heldeweston 


Hilston 


Heldews Hils ton 


Ostewie 


Owstwick 


Ost Owst wic 


Astenewic 


Elsternwick 


Asten Elstern wic 


Tan sterne 


Tansterne 


Tans tern sterne 


Redewic 




Red wic 


Rigeborch 


Ringburgh 


Rig Ring borch 


Umeltun 


Humbleton 


burgh 
Umel Humble ton 


Fostun 


Foston on the Wolds 


Fos ton Wolds 


Flentun 


Flinton 


Flen Flin ton 


Wivestad 


Winstead 


Wiv Win stead 


Widfornessei 


Withernsea 


Wid for ness ei 
Withern sea 


Andrebi 




Andre by 


Bortun 


Burton Pidsea 


Bor Bur ton Pidsea 


Danetorp 
Fitlinge 


Danthorp 
Fitling 


Dane Dan thorp 
Fitl ing 


Sprotele 
Grimeston 


Sproatley 
Grimston Garth 


Sprote ley 
Grims ton Garth 


Washa' 


Waxholme (Wassam) 


Was Wax holme 
ham 


Tunestal 


Tunstall 


Tun stall 


Thorne 


Owthorne ? 


Ow thorn 


Holun 
Redmar 


Hollym 
Redmere Field 


Hoi ym un 

Red mar mere field 


Mapletone 
Rolvestun 


Mappleton 
Rowlston 


Maple Mapple ton 
Rolves Rowls ton 


Arnestorp 
Coldun 


Arnold 
Little Colden 


Arnes thorp old 

(holt) 
Col dun den 


Widfornewic 


Withernwick 


Wid forn Withern 


Torcliilebi 
Widetun 


Thirtleby 
Wyton 


wic 
Thorchil Thirtle by 
Wid Wy ton 



PLACE NAMES, 108(L 



165 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Mereflet 


Marfleet 


Mere Mar fleet 


•Coningesbi 


Coniston 


Coninges Conis by 
ton 


Bute 


Bouth 


Bute Bouth 


Hornessei 


Hornsea 


Horns ea sea Hor 
ness ei 


Bortun 


Hornsea Burton 


Bor Bur ton Hor 
ness ei 


Torp 


Soutborp 


South thorp 


Kiston 


Long Biston 


Bis ton Long 


Scbirelai 


Nortb Skirlaugb 


Schir Skir lai laugh 


Scbereltun 


Skirlington 


Scherel Skirl ing ton 


€letim 


Cleeton 


Clee ton 


Hesinton 


Easington 


Hesin Easing ton 


Gartun 


Garton 


Gar ton 


Bingeburg 


Bingburgh 


Bing burgh 


Aldenburg 


Aldbrough 


Alden burg brough 


Niwetone 


East Newton 


Niwe New ton 


Scbirelai 


South Skirlaugb 


Schir Skir lai laugh 


Totele (bis) 


Toothill? Thorpe 


Tote hill Thorpe 




Garth? 


Garth 


Wagene 


Waghen 


Wayen Waghen 


Melse 


Meaux 


Melse Meaux 


Benicol 


Bennmgholme 


Benic Benning ol 
holme 


Bugeton 


Bowton 


Buye Bow ton 


Schirle 


South Skirlaugb 


Schirl Skir laugh 


D we torp 


Dowthorp 


Dwe Dow thorp 


Meretone 


Marton 


Mere Mar ton 


Fossham 


Fosham 


Foss ham 


Biwicb 


Bewick 


Bi Be wic 


Niwetun 


East Newton 


Niwe New ton 


Bingeborg 


Bingbrough 


Bing borg brough 


Wassba' (bis) 


Waxholm 


Wass Wax ham 
holm 


Otrengha' (bis) 


Ottringham 


Ottring ham 


Caingeba' 


Keyingham 


Cainge Keying ham 


Halsha' 


Halsham 


Hals ham 


Neuhuson 


Newsome Farm 


New bus on New- 
some 


Birueswelle 


Bim swell 


Bims well 



1G6 



YORKSHIRE DOMESDAY 



Domesday, 1086 


Modern. 


Component Parts. 


Redmar 


Redrnere Field 


Red mar mere 


Ulmetun 


Holmpton 


Ulm Holmp ton 


Niweton 


Out Newton 


Out New ton 


Eison 


Rysome Garth 


Ris Rys on om 


Torp 




Thorp 


Lessete 


Lisset 


Less Liss et 


Biworde 


Beeford 


Bi Bee word ford 


Dodintone 


Dnnnington 


Dod in Dunning ton 


Wincheton 


Winkton 


Winch Wink ton 


Chelinge (bis) 


Nun Keeling 


Nun Cheling Keel ing 


Frotingha' 


North Frodingham 


Frot Frod ing ham 


Benestun 


Barmston 


Benes Barms ton 


Ulfram 


Ulrome 


Ulfr Ulr am ome 


Begun 


Bewholm 


Bey Bew un holm 


Argun 


Arram 


Ary Arr am un 


Bortun 


Brandsburton 


Bor Bur ton Brands 


Settun 


Seaton 


Set Sea ton 


Catefoss 


Catfoss 


Cate Cat foss 


Catinwic 


Catwick 


Catin Cat wic 


Chenucol 




Chenuc ol (holme) 


Riston 


Long Riston 


Ris ton Long 


Rison 


Rise 


Ris Rise on 


Wadsande 


Wassand 


Wads Was sand 


Haifeld 


Great Hatfield 


Hai Hat field 


Widfornewic 


Withernwick 


Wid forn Withern 


Lanbetorp 


Langthorp 


Lanbe Lang thorp 


Heifeld 


Little Hatfield 


Hei Hat field 


Alwardebi 


Ellerby 


Alward Eller by 


Uleburg 


Oubrough 


Ule Ou burg brough 


Gagenestad 


Ganstead 


Gayen Gan stead 


Sutone 


Sutton 


Su Sut ton 


Bileton 


Bilton 


Bil ton 


Preston 


Preston 


Prest ton 


Sotecote 


South Coates 


Sote coates 


Dripold 


Drypool 


Dri pold pool 


Carletun 


Carlton 


Carl ton 


Meretune 


Marton 


Mere Mar ton 


Sprotele 


Sproatley 


Sprote ley 


Rosse 


Ross 


Ross Roos 



End of the Yorkshire Domesday Book, 10S6. 



167 

PERSONS NAMED IN DOMESDAY BOOK, 
YORKSHIRE, 1086-7. 

Asford (?Saxford), Archil, Archel, Allium, Asulf, Asul, 
Algrim, Aldulf, Alulf, Alcbemonts, Aluuard, Aldred, Aluret, 
Acun, Alver, Aluer, Arnenger, Aifrid, Arugrim, Aregrin, 
Alverle, Alter see Heltor, Ascbil, Alden, Aldene, Audulf, 
Aldulf, Alferd, Ardulf, Arulf, Ardul, Alsi see Elsi, Alric, 
Aluric, Alcolm, Alured, Arnebrand, Asi or Alsi, Asger, Artor, 
Alcbetel, Anscbitil, Auduid, Ansfrid, Alcbel, Alcliil, Adelo, 
Adla, Ansgot, Azor, Alden see Halden, Agemund, Asa, Alelm, 
Alestan, Adestan, Arnui, Albert, Alselin or Alsi, Arfast, 
Aeluuin, Alberic, Autbert, Almunt, 

Boson, Basin, Basinc, Bernulf, Brandulf, Baldric, Baldri, 
Brun, Bund, Bonde, Bugo, Bu, Baret, Bared, Barcb, Berne, 
Bodin, Bait, Berenger, Berguluer, Ber, Bar, Blac, Blacre, 
Balduin, Busli. 

Carle, Colebrand, Copsi, Cofsi, Copsige, Cnut, Cnud, 
Cbenute, Cbilvert, Cbilbert, Clibert, Colgrim, Cbetel see 
Ketel, Clanian, Clibert, Crin, Grin, Cbetelber, Cbetelbert, 
Cola, Cille. 

Dunstan, Duglel, Dolfin, Delfin, Drogo, Doneuuald, Dama, 
Dunninc, Dringlel, Dringbel. 

Ernuin, Esuarr, Einulf, Egbert, Erniu, Elsi, Elaf, Eilaf, 
Erfast, Edwin, Ealdred, Esbern, Eddicl, Elduif, Eddulf, 
Erneber, Egelfrid, Eltor see Heltor, Egfricl, Ecbebrand, 
Egbebrand, Egbrand, Elnuin, Elflet, Ebrard, Eldred, Egel- 
fride, Elric, Enisan, Ernegis, Eduuard, Ernulf, Etheluoth, 
Escelf, Escul, Estan, Elmar, Edmund, Erenbald, Eddine, 
Editba, Earne, Esnebern, Ernebrand. 

Fossart, Forne, Fredgist, Floternan, Finegal, Fulk, Fules, 
Fargrim, Fulcber, Franco, Frane, Frumold, Fulcbri, Fardan, 
Fecb, Feg. 

Godrida, Grucan, Gulbert, Gerard, Girard, Guntard, 
Gumar, Geruber, Gerbodo, Gislebert, Gilbert, Gunner, 
Gbilpatric, Gernan, Godred, Godefrid, Ghilefrid, Gunneuuare, 
Gamel, Gamelbari, Godelent, Gospatric, Grim, Grimcbetel, 
Glunier, Gamelcar, Godric, Game, Gam, Godise, Gida, Gbil- 
michel, Grinchel, Grimcbil, Gliil, Glonieorn, Gerneberne, 
Goduin, Gunre, Gamelber, Gamelbar, Gamebar, Goisfrid, 
Gbilander. 



168 PERSONS NAMED IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 

Hugh, Hamelin, Hedned, Halden, Hauward, Hauaart, 
Hauuart, Hundegrim, Haltor, Heltor, Altor, Eltor, Haregrin, 
Arnegrin, Hundic, Hundinc, Heardulf, Hardulf, Herveus, 
Hunchil, Hanfrid, Humphry, Henry, Hune, Hubert, Her- 
menfrid, Ermenfrid. 

Ingold, Iole, Ingrede, Ingfrid. 

John. 

Ketel. 

Luuetot, Leuuin, Leuing, Levinc, Ligulf, Ligul, Leising, 
Lesing, Leising, Levinot, Lagman, Lepsi, Lefchil, Leduuin, 
Landric, Leuecol, Ledwin, Laubert. 

Morulf, Modeva, Mule, Muls, Meurdoch, Morcar, Merlsuen, 
Morlesuan, Merlswegen, Magbanet, Malgrin, Melmidoc, 
Milnegrim, Milgrim, Macus, Malcolun, Morfare, Malger, 
Meruuin, Murdac, Murdoc, Manbodo, Man, Maminot, 
Maldred, Machel Machern, Malegrim. 

Nigel, Niel, Norman, Niuelig, Niuelin. 

Osulf, Osul, Osmund, Osbern, Odulf, Oudulf, Otbert, Orme, 
Otta, Osbert, Osber, Otre, Oder, Hudder, Osuuard, Oudfride, 
Odfrid, Odil, Oswulf, Odo, Ode, Ote, Picot, Pigot, a Norman. 

Rainuld, Rainald, Ravenchel, Ravechil, Richard, Roschel, 
Ruschil, Ranchil, Ram, Ravensuar, Ravensuard, Rayner, 
Ragenald, Ragenild, Ragenal, Ragenot, Ribald, Robert, 
Radulph, Ralph, Rannulf, Roger, Reicler, Reder, Rozelin, 
Rede, Ramechil, Rodmund, Rumeli. 

Sumerful, Salomon, Sonulf, Sterr, Sort, Selecolf, Sonneve, 
Scotecol, Scotcol, Saxford, Sasford, Sumorled, Siuuard, 
Seuuard, Sortcolf, Sprot, Sandi, Sindi, Suardcol, Suneman, 
Suuen, Suen, Suuan, Slettan, Scanchel, Sorthoued, Stan, 
Stain, Sigreda, Segrida, Stenulf, Stainulf, Sudan, Saxulf, 
Siuargert, Suuarger, Siuuardbar, Scelfricle, Sigulf, Sigefirth. 

Turfin, Torfin, Turchil, Torchil, Tumme, Turber, Turbern, 
Turbran, Torber, Turgood, Turgot, Tochi, Toe, Tosti, Tostig, 
Tor, Tori also Stori, Torolf, Turolf, Torbrand, Torbran, 
Torbrant, Turloga, Turstan, Thurstin, Tof, Tona, Tornulf, 
Thole, Tormord, Torn, Thorn, Turot, Toreton, Todeni, 
Tored, Toret, Toruerd, Turorne, Turet, Turuert, Tedbald, 
Tureuert, Turvert, 

Ulgrim, Uluuine, Ulfac, Uctred, Ulchel, Ulchil, Ulstan, 
Wlstan, Uglebert, Uluric, Ulric, Uluiet, Ulfiet, Ulf, Ulfmer, 
Uhtred, Ulffenisc, Ulsi, Wlsi, Uluuard, Ulmar, Wlmer, 
Uluer. 



PERSONS MENTIONED ON MANX RUNIC STONES. 169 

Wibert, Westre, Wege, Warm, Waldin, Weleret, Waltheof, 
Waltef, Wifle, William, Walchelin, Wallef, Wihomarc, 
Ouihomar, Wizo, Welp, Walter, Waih, Wazelin, Wirce, 
Wallaf, Walo, Wiga, Wige. 



PERSONS MENTIONED ON MANX 
RUNIC STONES. 

Ufaik or Ufeg, Gaut (Cant), Biarn of Cooiley or Kuli. 

Sontulf suart (black), Sandulf, Arinbiaurk (Arinbiorg) his 
wife (cuinu). 

Thurualter (Tliurwold). 

Oulaibr (Olave), Liutulb (Liutwolf), Ulb (Wolf, Ulf.) 

Thorlaibr, (Thorlaf), Thoriulb (Thorulf), Ulb (Olave, Ulf). 

Feaak (Fek), Ufaak, Crinaa, Malfiaac. 

Roskitil (Hrosketil Horskel Ascatel, Osketel, Aitha. 

Otter (Utr), Froca, Fraca, Tliorbiorn. 

Tlmrlab, Thorlaf, Neaki, Fiak, Fek, Eab, Iabr. 

Tliorbiorn, Thurbiaurn. 

Druian, Truian. Dugald, Tuftal. Kathmiul his wife. 

Thurith, Murkiblu, Ukikat, Ugigat, Rathfrid, Athgrid, 
Haukr. 

Osrun, Inausruir, Mosruth, Asrith, Onund, Onon, Ro, Ru. 

Mael Brigd, Brikt, Athakan the Smith, Kaut, Gaut. 

Mal-Lurnkun, Niel Lumkun. Mai, Mur. Tufkal, Dugald. 
Athisl. 

Suak, Suag, Suae. Rumun, Romand. Grim. 

Jualf, Joalf. Thurulf the Red. Frithu his mother (Frida.) 

Aulaf, Olaf. Thurulf, Thorwolf the Red. Krims, Grims, 
Crims, the Suarta, black. 



PERSONS MENTIONED ON NORTH RIDING 
ANGLIAN STONES. 

Lothan, Lodan. Orm, Gamel, Haward, Brand, Sumarledi, 
Huscarl, Eadbercht, Breda, Berchwin. 



170 



INDEX TO NAMES IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



Abbetune, Abetune, 25, 

137 
Acastra, Acastre, 60, 

72, 89, 98, 109, 124 

bis 
Acewrde, 64, 118 
Acb, 37, 49, 154 
Acbebi, 58, 149 
Acbeburg (Eburg), 65 
Aebeford, 55, 147 
Acbelu 1 , 104 
Acbetorp, 153 
Aclm', 39 
Aclun, Aclum, 24, 44, 

71, 50, 98, 134, 161 
Actuu, Actoue, 48, 49, 

72, 106, 120, 152 
Aculestorp, 57, 148 
Acum, Acim, 95, 125 
Acurde, 4, 31, 85 
Adele, 2, 51, 112 
Adelingesfluet, 83, 119 
Adelingestorp, 23, 130 
Adewerca, 48 
Adewic,Adewinc,53bis, 

70, 115, 117, 118 
Adulfestorp, 94 
^Estreding, 70, 105, &o. 
Agebruge, 120 
Aimundrebi, 87 
Aindrebi, Aendrebi, 60 
Ainesti, 53, 72, 85 
Airton, 101 
Aitone (Ackton), 66 
Aiultorp, 37, 92, 157 
Alcbeslei, Alceslie, 

Alchelie, 52, 116 bis 
Aldeburn, 54, 146 
Aldenburg, 79, 165 
Aldewerc, 141 
Aldeworde, 115 
Aldfeld, Aldfelt, 30, 40, 

94, 127 
Alraaneberie, 67, 121 
Almeslai, 36 
Alne, 38, 141 
Alrebec, 86 
Alrecber, 42 



Alreton, Alretun, 15, 

55 pass.. 62, 63, 68, 

110, 1.11. 123, 146 
Alstanesleie, 22, 121 
Alton, 31 
Alurestan, Alvrestain, 

25, 136 
Alureton, Aluretune, 

Aluretona, 17, 30, 

103, 126 
Alvengi, Aluengi, 49, 

81, tf4, 88, 151 
Alvertone, Alvretun, 

93, 95, 143 bis 
Alvestune, Aluestun, 

19, 136 
Alwardebi, Alwerdebi, 

80, 109, 132, 166 
Alwarestorp, 21, 156 
Ahvintone, 76, 106, 157 
Alwoldelei, 30, 112 
Ambreforde, Ampreford 

38, 85, 138 
Ambretone, 126 
Aineleie, Amelai,22,121 
ADdebi, 137 
Andrebi, 55, 78, 109, 

150, 164 
Anele, 14, 100 
Anesacre, 30 
Anestan,Astone,Anstan 

69, 72, 114 bis 
Anestig,Annesti, 89 bis, 

91,94,95,98,108,123 
Anleie, 32, 131 
Ansgotesbi, 49, 85, 106, 

153 
Apeltun,Apletune,Apel- 

tona, Apletone,25,'z7, 

56, 91,103,108,124, 

137 bis, 138,144, 147 
Aplebi, 54, 145 
Apletrewic, 99 
Arcbdene, 30, 126 
Arcbeseia, 70, 118 
Ardene, 86 
Ardinton, 2, 112 
Ardulfestorp, 30, 128 



Arduuic, 64 
Arghendene, 90 
Argun, 53, 80, 145, 166 
Arneclif, 101 
Arnesiovp, 78, 164 
Arnodestorp, 76, 132 
Arpen, 21, 96, 3 59 
Ascam, 58. 60, 91 
Ascbam, Ascha', 108, 

109, 124, 125, 149 
Ascb, 41, 163 
Ascbileli, 43, 49, 59, 

150, 153 
Aschilesmares, Ascbel- 

esmersc, 19, 136 
Aschiltorp, Ascbeltorp, 

22, 41, 159 
Ascuid, 62, 74, 94, 128 
Ascric, Ascri, 57, 60, 

148, 157 
Asebi, 55, 60, 146, 150 
Asele, 118 
Aserla, 96, 127 
Asgozbi, 18, 135 
Aslacbesbi, 25, 136 
Asmundrebi, 74, 127 
Asmundrelac, 27, 144 
Asserle, 93 
Astenewic, 77, 164 
Astu-ne, 46, 133 
Asulvesbi, Asulvebi, 45, 

132 
Ateclive, 70, 117 
Atun, Atune, Atone, 19, 

46, 24 bis, 61,71, 76, 

133 bis, 134, 135 bis 
Augustburne, 155 
Austburn, 20 
Austhu', 118 
Austun, 64 

Babetorp, 43, 153 
Bacbesbi, 38 
Badeswode, 64 
Badesworde, 118 
Badetone, 124 
Badetorpes, 30, 89, 95, 
98, 123 



INDEX TO NAMES IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



171 



Badresbi, 24, 101, 133 
Bagebi, 86 

BageEton, 50, 88, 155 
Balcbetorp, 38, 157 
Baldebi, 44, 131 
Ballebi 28, 43, 51, 69, 

106, 115, 153 
Ballesbi, 116 
Baldrebi, 60, 150 
Barcbertorp. 51, 92,161 
Barcheston, 51, 63, 83, 

92, 95, 107, 112, 113 
Bardulbi, 43, 82, 153 
Baretone, 126 
Barnebi, 37, 43, 52, 65, 

70, 73, 88, 115, 119, 

132, 153 
Barneburg, 72, 107, 115 
B-artune, Barton, 19,20, 

47, 48, 53, 136, 137, 

138, 140, 145 
Bascbebi, Bascbesbi,25, 

86, 137, 142 
Bascbelf, 101 
Basewic, 20, 49, 154 
Basingbebi, 21, 158 
Bateleia, 68 
Batbelei, 15, 123 
Bec\id, 85 
Bedale, 58, 149 
Bedniesleia, 31, 131 
BegaJe, 65, 119 
Begeland, 71, 142 
Begun, 80, 166 
Beldone, 4, 39, 110 
Beldun, Beldune, 2 bis, 

89, 112 
Belebi, Bellebi,Belgebi, 

20, 28, 106, 149, 156 
Belgebi, 58 
Bemeslai, 90, 128 
Benedlage, Beuedleia, 

41, 45, 52, 151 
Benelei, 117 
Beneslai, 70, 118 
Benestone, 80, 166 
Benetain, 35 
Benicol, 165 
Beuiueol, 79 
Benniburg, 87 
Bentone, 50, 157 
Berceworde,66&120bis , 



Bercb, 87 bis 
Berchinge, 63, 107, 113 
Berdesei, 111 
Bereford, 53, 145 
Bereleseie, 29 
Berewich, 111, 134 
Berg, 25 bis, 38, 65, 

120, 137 bis 
Bergebi, Bergbebi, 18, 

45,71,77,90,128,142, 

143 
Bergetorp, 29, 62, 160 
Bergolbi, 104 
Berguetorp, 103 
Berguluesbi, 24, 134 
Beristade, 30, 94, 127 
Berlai, 83, 114 
Bernebi, 21, 71, 142, 

157 
Berneburg, Bernebore, 

69, 107 
Bernedan, 58, 149 
Bernebelt, 43, 153 
Berrieslai, 66, 120 
Bemingbam, 54 bis, 145 
Bernodebi, 46, 133 
Bernulfesuuic, 14,34,99 
Bertune, Berton, 19, 22, 

121, 149 
Besthaiin, 23 bis, 127 
Bestone, 15 bis, 67, 122 
Bevreli, Beurelie, 40, 

41, 90, 106 bis, 109, 

128, 154 
Bicberton, Bicreton, 4, 

39, 94, 125 
Bicberun, 110 
Bigneton, 50 
Bilebam, Bilha', 52, 69, 

72, 115 
Bilingeleia, 69, 95, 115 
Billetone, Bileton, 41, 

80, 85, 91, 99, 124, 

128, 163, 166 
Bingelei, Bingbaleia, 2 

bis, 89, 112, 116 
Binneton, 159 
Birdfortb, 26 
Birland, 106, 152 
Birle, 15, 68, 123 
Birnebeha', 85, 90, 94, 

128 



Bishopfields, 125 

Bitben, 125 

Biuinch. Biwicb, 79,165 

Biword, 80, 166 

Blandebi, 19, 136 
BlatuD, 46, 131 
Bocbetone, 21, 50, 62, 

89, 158, 160 
Bodeltone, 15, 31, 37, 

57 bis, 68, 73,75,96, 

108, 109, 122, 131, 

148 bis, 156 
Bodetone. 69, 73, 116 
Bodluui. Bodltm, 47 bis, 

138 
Bogewode. 101 
Boleber, Bolenier, 47, 

48, 139 
Bolebi, 23, 44, 132 
BolesfVrd, 71, 82, 94, 

98 bis, 139 
Boleton, 55, 146 
Bollinc, 15, 68, 122 
Boltebi, 26, 86 
Boniesleie, 30, 84 
Bonuebi, 84, 151 
Bore, 56 
Borcb, 57 
Borctuue, 34 
Bordlebi, Bordalebi, 27, 

104, 144 
Borelai, 101 
Boletorp. 153 
Borel, 58, 149 
Borgbescire, 53, 74, 83, 

90, 91, 93, 94, 95 bis, 
98, 109. 125 

Borton, Bortune, 58, 78, 

102, 135, 164, 165, 

166 
Boscele, Boseiale, 88, 

142 
Bouinton, Bouint', 21 

bis, 28, 50 
Bouintoi'p, 158 
Bracbeberc, 48, 143 
Bracbenelbolin, 153 
Bracben, 154 
Bradeford, 15, 68, 101, 

122 
Bradelei, 4, 31, 67, 122 
Bradewell, 72, 73, 116 



172 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Bradfortun,Brafortune, 

26, 48, 94, 141 
Bragebi, 38, 138 
Braisuelle, 100 
Bra 1 ,Bran,Brahani,85, 

112, (see Little and 

Michel Bran) 
Bramelei, 15, 67, 72, 

93, 122, 127 
Bramham, 51, 107 
Bramhop, Bra' hop, 84, 

112 
Branstone, 53 
Brantune, Brantou, 

Brantona, 30, 31, 83, 

90, 95, 98, 103, 116, 

117, 125, 130 his 
Branwat, 70, 115 
Branwitte, 73 
Branwode, 107 
Branzbi, 87 
Branzbortune, Brantis- 

burton, 42, 109, 163 
Brareton, 23 
Brecca, 44 
Breche, 131 
Bredhale, Breddale, 29, 

89, 160 
Bredingha", Bretingha', 

42 bis, 48 
Brennigston, Brenings- 

ton, 59, 150 
Brentingeha'iBrending- 

ham, 102, 106, 151 bis 
Breselai, 65, 119 
Breslingtone, (? Dres- 

lington) 15 
Bretebi, 17, 63,111,143 
Bretlinton, 21, 28, 50, 

157 
Bretone, 22, 63,66, 120, 

121 
Brettan, 113 
Bricstune, Briston, 81. 

84 
Brinesford, 69, 73, 114 
Brineshale, 92, 99 
Bringhenale,Bringhale, 

54, 145 
Bringeham, 50, 159 
Brinitun, 135 
Brinnistun, 19 



Brinton, 18 

Bristun, 151 

Briteshale, Brideshala, 
37, 50, 96, 102, 160 

Broctun, 24, 25, 45, 46, 
56, 61, 62, 86, 97, 
100, 134 bis, 137, 147 

Brochesworde, 115 

Brodesworde, 52, 70 bis 

Broestewic, Brostewic, 
77, 163 

Brostone, 87 

Brotune, 133 

Brunebi, 21, 36, 71, 76, 
156 

Brunha',20,21,96, 156 

Brunton,Brunetona,19, 
22,25,43, 52,55,59, 
61,105,136,144,145, 
146, 150, 159 

Bubvid, Bubuid. 84, 151 

Buchetorp, 92 

Bughetorp, Buitorp, 
Bugetorp.21,37,159, 
161 

Buliner, 26 

Buvc, 23 

Burg, 30,64,84,90,92, 
94,118, 126,147,148 

Burgheduru', 51, 112 

Burghelei, 4, 39, 110 

Burnous, 102 

Burtone, Burtun, 21,23, 
28, 40, 41, 49, 50, 57, 
58, 63, 78, 80, 82, 93, 
94 bis, 96, 98, 106, 
113, 126, 130, 148, 
149, 154, 155, 158, 
159 bis 

Buschebi, 24, 71, 97, 
98, 104, 134 bis 

Bute'crame, 88 

Butruic, 87 

Butruid, 159 

Cadretone, 91, 93, 108, 

124 
Cahosbi, 86 
Caimtona, 105 
Caingeha' 165 
Caitune, 25, 135 
Caldeber, 57, 148 



Caldecotes, 62, 111 
Caldenesche, 26 
Caldewelle, 53, 54, 129, 

130, 146 
Calgestorp, 20, 41, 155 
Caltorne, 25, 65, 104, 

119, 137 
Caltun, Calton, 101 
Calveton, 47, 86, 139 
Camelesforde, 83, 114 
Camerinton, 77, 163 
Caraisedale, 24, 86, 89, 

134 
Canbesford, Ca'besford, 

95, 113 
Cansale, 64, 118 
Canteleia, 83 
Capuic, 27, 144 
Carebi, 17, 140 
Carelton, 38, 141 
Caretorp, 28, 37, 100, 

150, 159 
Carlentone, 15, 65, 67, 

81, 100, 122 
Carlesinoor, 93, 127 
Carletun, 27, 38, 46, 

57, 72, 86, 95, 103, 

112, 113, 120, 134, 

142 bis, 148, 166 
Carstorp, 59 
Cartun, 54 bis, 145, 146 
Castelai, 31, 129 
Catefos, 80, 109, 166 
Cathaha,Catale,90,92, 

108, 126 bis 
Catebi, 69, 93, 115 
Catiugewic, 42, 80, 109, 

166 
Catrice, 56, 147 
Cattune, Catun, 45, 77, 

142, 157 
I Cauerlei, Caverleia, 15, 

67, 122 
Cave, 36, 48, 70, 88, 91, 

102, 106, 152 bis 
Celeslau. 15, 68, 122 
Cevet, 66, 120 
Cezeburg, 120 
Cbaingeha', 79, 109 
Chelbroc, 75 
Chelch, 28, 41, 158 bis 
Chelchefeld, 60, 88, 157 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK 



17a 



Cheldale, 155 
Cheldis, Chelchis, 75,85 
Chelesterd, 17 
Chelestuit, 140 
Chelinctone, 18, 65 bis, 

119 
Chelinge, 80, 166 
Chelingewic, 102 
Chelpin, 43, 153 
Chelvinctun, 48 bis, 143 
Chemeling, 158 
Chenaresburg,23,30,74, 

90, 126, 129 bis 
Chenecol, 80, 166 
Ckenetesbi, 150 
Cheneveton, 43, 142,143 
Cheniball, 23, 127 
Cbennieton, 18 
Ckenutkeskohn, 109 
Ckercan, 50, 51 
Ckerckebi, see Cbircb 
Cherdinton, Ckerclin- 

ton, 59, 159 
Cherebi, 74, 128 
Cberendebi, 98, 159 
Cheretorp, 89, 160 
Cbersinton, 31 
Ckesing, 111 
Cbesuic, 29, 99, 127 
Cketelewelle, 14, 100 
Chetelstorp, 25. 60, 81, 

136, 157 
Cheterwrde, 22, 121 
Chetesmoor, 127 
Chetune, Chetton, 23, 

126 
Ckeubroc,Ckevbroc, 14, 

100 
Cbevede, 153 
Chevetle, 42 
Chibereworde, 70, 115 
Ckickelai, 1, 31 
Cbicbeltone, 93 
Chidale, 62, 63, 111 
Chigesburg, 24, 133 
Cliigogemersc, 19, 46, 

136 
Cbildale, 97, 104, 133 
Childeuuic, 4, 31 
Ckileburn, 86 
Chilewic, 156 
Chileseie, 99 



Cbilewitt, 20, 49, 154 
Cbilingale, 129 
Chilingba', 80 
Ckillewinc, 21 
Cbillon, 20 bis, 28, 93, 

96, 159 
Cbilnesse, 77, 164 
Chilton, 24, 45, 133 
Cbilvertebi, 76, 135 
Ckilvesniares, Ckilves- 

mersc, 19, 136 

Ckihvordebi, 56, 147 

Chineslai, 65, 119 

Ckinetorp, 19, 136 

Cbipeliug, 55, 146 

Chipertun, Ckipetun, 
62, 111 

Cbipesch, 62, 110 

Cbipuic, 86 

Cbircbam, 161 

Ckirckebi.Cberckbi, 14, 
29 bis, 31, 51, 55, 56, 
61 bis, 63, 64, 74, 86 
bis, 92, 93, 94, 97 bis, 
99,113,118,125,127, 
128, 130, 134, 138 bis, 
143,146,147,161,162 

Cbirprebi, 57, 148 

Cbizeburg, 65 

Ckracketorp, 84 

Christ's Ch., York, 125 

Cipetun, 63, 111 

Civeton, 72 

Claiton, 15, 52, 66, 68, 
117, 120 bis 

Clapekarn, 34 

Clareton, 23, 93, 126 

Claxtorp, 26, 48, 140 

Cledinton, 43, 153 

Clesbi, 54, 146 

Cletun, 165 

Clevinde(ge), 28, 154 

Clifford, 51, 112 

Cliftun, 4, 15, 17, 23, 
39, 58, 60, 68, 72, 
75, 106, 107, 110, 
120, 127, 149 

Climbicote, 47, 49, 75, 
154 

Clive, 20, 42, 49, 54, 

97, 102, 105, 106, 
145, 152, 153 bis 



Cloctune, C lee tun, 

Clacton, 19, 46, 65. 

76, 79, 135 
Cludun, 74, 127 
Cnapeton, 82, 85, 91, 

124, 162 
Codreschelf, 24, 46, 97 
Codrestune, 55, 147 
Cogrun, 62 
Coiningesbi, 78, 164 
Coldrid, 76, 106, 157 
Colebi, 18, 44, 134. 143 
Coledun, 42,78, 163,164 
Coletorp, 73, 74, 124, 

129 
Colingsworde, 2, 90 
Collinghe, 100 
Colnun, 29, 62, 138, 

162 bis 
Coltune,Coletun, Colle- 

tuu, 26, 36, 47, 62, 

63, 87, 91, 108 bis, 

109, 111, 124, 138, 

139, 162 
Coneghestone, Coning- 

eston, 32, 131 
Coningesburg(bi), 72, 

107 bis, 114, 165 
Coningestorp, 140 
Contone, 107 
Copegrave, 90, 126 
Copemantorp, 89, 124 
Corburn, 56, 147 
Corketune, 18 
Corlebroc, 47, 140 
Cornebi, 67 
Cornelbi, 122 
Coteborne, 39 
Coteburun, 141 
Cotes, 43, 153 
Cotesmore, 93 
Cotewid, 48, 49, 91,. 

152 bis 
Cotingeha', 17, 88, 151 
Cotingelei, 2 pass., 89, 

90, 112 
Cotingewic, 163 
Cotinwi', 82, 153 
Cottun, 37, 55, 143. 

146, 162 
Covreham, 57, 148 
Crachele, 59, 150 



174 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Cracbetorp, 150 
Cradewelle, 74 
Crambone, 26, 48, 104, 

140 
Cranzwic, 20, 49, 88, 

155 bis 
Cratorne, 24, 104, 135 
Crave', Cravenscire, 31, 

62, 74,85,87,90,92, 

99, 131 
Crecala, 77 
Creic, 43, 142 
Crevesford, 66, 120 
Crigestone, Crige%t', 22 

bis, 121 
Croches, 14, 74. 100 
Crofst, Croft, 55, 146 
Crogun, Cro'ua, 29, 37, 

51, 105, 162 
Croptun, 137 
Croslaud, Croisland. 22, 

67, 121, 122 
Croxebi,Crocsbi, Crocb- 

esbi, 18, 27, 57, 144 

bis, 148 
Crucbeslaga, 74, see 

Cuselade & Cuches- 

lage, 92, 125 
Cru'beclive, 86,89, 105, 

132 
Crumbetonstun, 15, 22 
Cucberic, 2, 51, 112 
Cucuait, 17, 85 
Cudford,Cuford, 62,111 
Cudton, 53 bis, 145 bis 
Cumbreworde, 22, 66, 

120, 121 
€undel, 53, 130 
Cuningestone, Cunes- 

tun, 14, 75, 99 bis 
Cuselade, 73, see 

Crucbes 
Cutnelai, 4, 31 
Cuzeworde, 72, 115 

Dacre, 90, 128 
Dadesleia, 69, 114 
Dal 27, 72, 144 
Dalbi, 25, 26, 61, 82, 

136, 140 
Dalton, 50, 56 bis, 60, 

67 bis, 72, 73, 96, 



105, 116, 121, 147 

bis, 156 
Danebi, 55, 58, 86, 89, 

105, 132, 149 
Danefelt, 53, 130 
Danetorp, 41, 78, 162, 

163, 164 
Darnintone, 64, 118 
Degenebi, Denegebi, 

69, 115 
Delton, 40, 77, 155 
Denebi. 66, 67, 120, 

121, 146 
Dentime, Denton, 4, 39, 

57, 110, 148 
Depedale, 19, 135 
Derewelld, 95, 116 
Derrnescop, 70, 115 
Dertun, 30, 65, 66, 119, 

120 
Deusberie, 15, 23, 123 
Die, 76, 98, 135, 140, 

164 
Dicbe, 26, 77 
Dickering, 50 
Dictenebi. 52, 117 
Dictun, 43, 145 
Difgelibi, 62, 160 
Digbelbi, 20 
Dignesale, 18 
Dimelton, 79 
Dirdreston, o&, 147 
Dirnesbala, Dineshale, 

54, 144, 146 
Disford, 74 
Distone, 60, 83,90,128, 

157 
Dodeswrde, 65, 119 
Dodinton, 80, 166 
Domniton, Donniton, 

37, 72, 75, 106, 155 
Doncaster, 51, 52, 73, 

116 bis 
Doneford, 103 
Drac, 83, 114 
Dractone, 31, 131 
Dragmalebi, 98, 134 
Drebelaie, 92 
Dreslintone, 68, 122 
Drifel, Drifelt, 20 bis, 

49 pass, 88, 94, 96, 

105, 155 bis 



Drigelinge, 20 
Dringolme, 79 
Dritpol, Dripold, Drid- 

pol, 42, 81, 163, 166 
Drowetone, 70, 152 
Dufelt, 84, 106 bis, 153 

bis 
Dune, 50, 148 
Dunesford, 90, 98, 125 
Dunesle, 24, 132 
Dunniton, Dunintone, 

68, 114 
Dwestorp, 42, 79, 165 

Eboraco, 17 
Eburg, Acbeburg, 65 
Ecbescard, 57, 148 
Ecbescol, 58, 149 
Ecbope, 51, 112 
Ecinton, 57 
Eclesfelt, 69, 115 
Ectone, 4, 39 
Edbriztune, 19, 136 
Edesbale, 21, 98, 119 
Edestun, 61 bis, 138 bis 
Edidba', Edibam, 30, 

84, 127 
Edmundrebia, 104 
Edreswic, 38, 141 
Eduardestorp, 102 
Egburg, 119 
Egescop,(Ayscougb),70 
Egetune, 4 5, 132 
Egbistun, 54, 145 
Eglesbil, 15, 123 
Eiford, 55, 146 
Eilintone, 116 
Einclebi, 25 
Eindrebi, 18, 143, 146 
Einstie, 91, see Ainsty 
Einulvestorp, 117 
Eisicewalt,Eisincewald 

17, 141 
Eistop, 64 

Elant, Elont, 15,68, 123 
Eldeb'ge, 116 
Eleburne, 28, 158 
Eleslac, 101 
Elestolf, 21, 158 
Elgebi, 114 
Elgendon, 36, 151 
Elewic, 126 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



175 



Elesworde, 127 
Ellinton. 58, 73, 149 
Elmeslac, 26, 47, 138 
Elmeswell, 20, 155 
Elpetorp, 37, 162 
Elrebec, 27, 144 
Elreburn, 19, 25, 136 
Elreton, 49, 56, 105, 

148, 152 
Eltebi, 147 
Elwintorp, 100 
Ehvordebi, 45 
Embesie, 31, 131 
Endrebi, 56, 147 bis 
Ecglebi, 27, 44, 45, 97, 

104, 134 bis, 144 
Epton. 20, 153 
Erdeslau, 15 bis, 67, 

122, 123 
Erguu. 24, 28, 133, 158 
Erleseie, 144 bis 
Erlesbolt, 40. 129 
Erlevestorp, 150 
Ermelai, 15, 67, 122 
Ermenie, 83. 114 
Ermesbale, 64, 65, 118, 

119 
Erneclive, 104 
Emeford, 100 
Ernesbi, 148 
Ernulfestorp, 95 
Ersewell, 20, 154 
Escafeld, 70 
Escbalcbedene, 87 
Escbedala, 105 
Escraingha', 88 
Esdesai, 85, 124 
Esebi, 21, 133 
Esebrune, 4, 31 
Eselewode, 73 
Esingetim, 44 
Esmton,44,79,101,132 
Eslertou, 162 bis 
Eslingesbi, 87 
Eslinton, 149, 156 
Esneid, Esnoid, 63, 98 
Estainton, 104 
Estanesbi. 77 
Estaulai, Estollaia, 40 

bis 
Estbrune, 85 
Estiresbi, 87 



Estoch.Estorch, 41,163 
Estolf, see Elestoif 
Estone, 21, 28, 52, 59, 

72,101,110,117,150, 

158 
Estorp, 19, 49, 51, 75, 

108, 116, 136, 154, 

see Hestorp 
Estreding, 62, &c. 
Estrincton, 42, 153 
Estninc, Est wic, 39,129 
Eterstorp, 19, 135 
Etton, Eton, Etun, 15, 

22, 40, 49, 88, 121, 

123, 154 
Enrebi, 100, 101 
Eurelai, Eureslage, 76, 

85, 135 
Euruic, 106 
Eurvicescyre, 17, 105 
Evertorp, 152 
Eveston, 39, 129 
Evi-ingbam, Everingba' 

37, 156 

Fademore, 47, 138 

Fareburne, 63, 113 

Farlintuu, 140 

Farmanesbi, 19, 136 

Farnebam, 23, 93, 126 

Fecbesbi, 15, 123 

Fedeibi, 58, 149 

Felgesclif, 23, 127 

Fencotes, 56, 147 bis 

Fentun, 63, 113 

Fereia, 65, 118 

Fereleia, 67, 121 

Feresbi, Ferebi, 23, 48, 
81, 126, 151 

Ferestane, 64 

Ferlintun, 47 

Fernelai, 4, 15,39,110, 
123 

Fernhill, 4, 31 

Fersellei. 15, 67, 122 

Fesler, 15, 22 

Fezbi, Feizbi, 24, 134 

Figelinge, Fidling, Pit- 
ling, 44, 76, 78, 105, 
131 bis, 164 

Finegal, 59, 149 

Fiscelac, 107 



Fivelac, Fucelac, 19 bis, 

135 
Fixcale, 73 

Flaneburg, 45, 96, 157 
Flatesbi, 14, 90, 100,126 
Flaxtun, Flasturt, 26, 

38, 60, 88, 140 
Flentun, 78, 164 
Fletebam, 55, 56, 147 
Fieustone, 21, 28, 158 
Flinton, 41, 163 
Flochetone, 67, 121 
Florun, Flore, 44, 131 
Flotemanbi, 40, 84, 158 
Foitesbi, 104 
Foleforde, Fuleford, 6') 

bis 
ForduD, 28, 158 
Fornetorp, 28, 47, 61 

110, 159 
Fors, 57, 148 
Forsed, 145 
Forset, 53 
Fosbam, 79, 165 
Fostuu, FoJstone, 23 
Foustun, Foston, 43, 

46, 60, 76, 78, 127, 

134, 141, 145, 159, 

164 
Foxele, 21 
Foxohole, 102, 158 
Foxtun, 104 
Frangefos, 21, 156 
Fredebi, 58, 149 
Fredestan, 118 
Freinington, 57, 148 
Frescbefelt, 85 
Frestintorp, 50, 88, 96, 

157 
Fribia, 103 
Fricbebale, 64 
Fridarstorp, Fridag- 

storp, 37 bis, 92, 161 
Fridebi, 86 
Frideton, 87 
Fristone, 65, 119 
Fritun, 47, 139 
Friceleia, 70, 115, 118 
Frotingba', 80, 166 
Fugelestun, 121 
Fulcartorp, 48, 81, 84, 

152 



17G 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Fulcheton, 28, 158 
Fuleford, 17 
Fuletorp, 156 

Gaeregrave, 100, see 

Geregrave 
Gagenestad, 80, 166 
Galmeton, 21, 104, 159 
Gameltorp, 26, 47, 159 
Garnesford, 103 
Gartun, 41, 45, 50, 79, 

159, 165 
Gedlingsniore, 86 
Gedwalestorp, 161 
Gellinge, 139, 145 
Gerdestone. 58, 149 
Gereburg, 110 
Gereford, 62, 111, see 

In ger ford 
Gerendale, 158 
Gerlestre, 71, 77, 94, 

98, 142 
Gerlinton, 54, 145 
Germundstorp, Gem- 

unstorp, 53, 90, 128 
Gerneclif, 27 
Gernuic, 59, 150 
Geron, 103 
Gersebroc, 69 
Geruezbi, 102 
Geureshale, 51 
Geutorp, 156 
Gevedale, 156 bis 
Gbellingbes, 53, 56, 82, 

87 
Ghemelinge, 41 
Gberindale, 40, 130 
Ghersiutoii, 85 
Gberunzbi, 97, 161 
Gbetenesbi, 59 
Gbeuetorp, 37 
Gbiceleswic, 14, Glrig- 

eleswic, 14, 99 
Ghigesborg, 71 
Gbinipe, 44, 131 
Gbiseburue, 14, 75, 100 
Gliivendale, 21 
Gigbesborc, 44, 45 
Giseborne, 104 
Gisele, 4, 39, 110 
Glusbrun, 75 bis, 85 
Godeuesburg., 83 



Godesburg, Goldeburg, 

126, 132 
Godetorp, Goldetorp. 

70, 115 
Goindel, 53, 130 
Golborg, 45 
Golse, 78 
Goltona, Gotun, Gou- 

ton, 24, 46, 104, 135 
Gomeshale, 15, 68, 122 
Grafton, 30, 39, 90, 98, 

103, 125 
Gratorne, 46 
Greland, 15, 123 
Grendale, Grendele, 21, 

37 
Grenewic, 37, 157 
Grentelaia, 40, 129 
Grenzniore Grentesmor 

21, 96, 102, 105, 159 
Greseburg, Gresseburg, 

72, 114 
Gretlintone, 101 
Griff, 26, 45, 132, 138 
Grimesbi, 45, 132 
Grimesbou, 69, 114 
Griuieston, Grimstun, 

29,37,41,49,63,78, 

87, 89, 93, 97, 103, 

106, 113, 154, 160, 

161, 163, 164 
Grimtorp, Grin, 21, 156 
Grinton, 57, 148 
Gi-ipetorp, 81, 84, 152 
Grisebi, 43, 145 
Grisetorp, 18, 135 
Gritorentun,Gristhorn- 

ton, 18, 143 
Gudlagesarg, 67, 122 
Gudmundbam, 20, 37, 

49, 75, 154 
Gudwalestorp, 29 
Guldetorp, 30, 116 

Haanburg, 20 

Habetun, 46 

Hacle, (Acle), 50, 92 bis 

93, 98, 160 
Hacston, Hactone, 52, 

117 
Hadewic, Hawinc, 40 

bis, 69, 108, 130 



Haelgefeld, 131 
Hagebrig, (Agbrig), 66 
Hagenesse, 76, 135 
Hageneuuorde, 2, 91 
Hagbedeuebi,Hagedebi 

Hagendebi, 73, 108, 

109, 124 
Haifelt, 78, 80, 166 
Hailaga, 73, 83, 108, 

109, 124, 125 
Haitone, 20, 75, 156 
Haldewrde, 70 
Hale, 53, 145 
Halichelde, 53, 74, 94 

bis. 129 
Hallun, 70, 117 
Halmebi, 27, 72, 144 
Halsara, Haliba', Hal- 

sera, 36, 79, 162, 165 
Haltan, Halletun, 52, 

83, 69, 108, 111, 115, 

117, 131 
Halwidstorp, 75 
Hameleswrde, 65 
Hamelsec, 38, 48, 140, 

141 
Hamelton, 101 
Hamiburg, 153 
Hameltun, 63, 113 
Hamereton, 101 
Hanbretone, 92 bis 
Haudeswrde, 52, 117 
Hanechetonis, 105 bis 
Haueleia, 67, 121 
Hanepol, 64, 118 
Hangelif, 32, 131 
Hardinctone, 51 
Hardwic, 119 
Hareuuode, Harewode, 

4, 29, 111 
Harpeiu, 102, 105 
Harun, Harem, 26, 47, 

61, 87, 139 
Haschetorp, 102 
Hase, Hasse, 56, 81 bis, 

84 bis, 88, 96, 147, 

150 bis 
Hasele, 64 
Haserlai, 103 
Hashmidebi, 40. 130 
Haslinton, Haselintonis 

87, 102 bis 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



177 



Hatelton, 2 bis, 89, 112 
Hauocswelle, 58 bis, 

149 bis 
Hauoceswde, 110 bis 
Hawade, 87 
Hawic, 130 
Haxebi, 38, 141 
Hebedene, 92 
Hedfeld, 73 
Hedingeleia, 63, 111 
Heiefeld, 80, 166 
Helage, 108 
Helderness.41,109,163 
Heldeton, 2, 34, 90 
Heldovestun,Heldwest- 

on, 78, 164 
Heldrewelle, 76 
Helgebi, 69 
Helgefeld, 14, 32, 75, 

99, 100 
Helguic, Heluuic, 2 bis, 

89, 112 
Helmeswelle, 96, 158 
Heltebi, 56 

Henocbeswode, 4 bis, 39 
Heppeword, 121 
Heptone, 67, 121 
Herelsaie, Herlesia, 18, 

103 
Herelsege, Herselaige, 

27 bis, 143 
Heretun, 26, 140 
Herfort, 53, 145 
Herlevestorp, 59 
Herlinton, 99 bis 
Hernebi, 57 
Hertil, 72 
Hesdesai, 91 
Heselewode, 107, 113 
Hesinton, 79, 165 
Heslerton, 89, 97 bis 
Heslinton, 59 
Hestorp, 108 bis 
Hetun, 15, 68,101,123 
Hewarde, 17, 89, 94, 99 
Hidon, 42, 152 
Higrefelt, 62, 128 
Hilcbetun, 58 
Hildegrip, 76 
Hilderschelf, 61 
Hilderwell, 44 
Hildingeslei, 26 
L 



Hilgeitorp, 21, 96, 157 
Hilmeword, 119 
Hilperbi, 38, 141 bis 
Hiltun, Hiltona, 23, 24, 

46, 104, 126, 134 
Hirneli'gton, 44, 134 
Hindeleia, 65, 66, 120 
Hindrelac, 55, 56 
Hiplewell, 56, 147 
Hipton, 142 
Hobi, 17, 98, 140 
Hocbeswic, 101 
Hoctun, 65, 118 
Hode, 20, 42, 48, 70, 

152 
Hodbu', 102 
Hogram, Hogra', Hog- 

rem, 40, 43, 130 bis 
Hogra ve, 59, 150 
Hoiland, 115, 116 
Holain, Holan, 66, 78, 

164 
Holant, 65, 69, 72, 120 

bis 
Holde, 28, 156 
Holecber, 87 
Holedeu, 99 
Holmeton, 80, 109 
Holne, Holme, 14, 22 

bis, 25, 30, 31, 75, 

77, 82, 84, 87, 121 

bis, 131, 138, 139, 

154, 163 
Holsiugoure, 90 
Holtebi, 140 
Holtorp, 87 
Holun, see Holam 
Horn, 61 
Homptone, 30, 90, 92, 

95, 126 
Honepol, 70, 115 
Hopreton, 103 
Hoptone, 67, 122 
Horberie, 121 
Hore'bodebi, 43,71, 142 
Hornebi, 56, 103, 147 
Horuesse, 78, 165 
Horniton, 73, 91, 108 

bis, 124 
Horseford, Hoseford, 2, 

30, 103, 112 
Hortesbeue', 15,68, 123 



Hortone, 14 bis, 75, 100 

bis 
Hostewic, 77 
Hoton, Hottune, 17,19 T 
26 pass., 27, 40, 43, 
45, 46 bis, 47, 49, 52, 
54, 59, 61, 68, 69, 86, 
88 bis, 104, 105 bis, 
114, 115, 117 bis, 130 
bis, 132,133, 134,136, 
139 bis, 140, 142,144, 
146, 149, 155 
Hon, 60, 150 
Houeden, 42,49,82,88, 

106, 152 bis 
Houeton, 20, 71,86,154 
Hougon, 43, 155 
Houlton, 84 
Hovingbam, 87 
Huburgheba, 14, 100 
Hudreswelle, 56 
Hughete, 28, 96, 156 
Hulme, 43, 130 
Hulsingoure, 90 bis, 126 
Hunieltone, 78 
Buncbilbuse', (Uncbil), 

63, 113 
Hund. Hundret, 41, 42 
Hundemanebi, 83, 158 
Hnndredstoit, 55, 147 
Hundrelege, 42, 88, 152 
Hundulftorp, 48, 143 
Hunescelf, 66, 120 
Hunslet, 15, 67, 122 
Huntindune, 26, 48, 60, 

141 
Huntone, 59. 149 
Hunton, 50, 81, 88, 96 

bis, 98, 157 
Huperun, 15, 123 
Husou, 50, 51, 161 

Iadun, 2,27,30, 107,112 
Iaforbe, Iaforde, 18 bis, 

143 
Ianulfestorp,75,106,155 
Iapun, 28, 156 
Iarun, 27, 144 
Icbeltone, 115 
Ilcbeton, 119 
Ildegrip, 135 
Ilderscbelf, 139 



178 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Ildingeslei, 140 
Ildrewelle, 132 
Ileclive, Illeclive, 2, 4, 

73, 110, 112 
Ilprebi, 141 
Indelie, 119 
Indrelage, 146, 148 
Inglestun, 34 
Ingereford, 110, see 

Gerford 
Ingulvestuet, 76, 141 
Ioletun, 38, 141 
Irebi, 18, 144 
Iretuu, 76, 85, 135 
Iselbec. 86 
Istop, 118 
Iugafled, Iucufled, 42, 

43, 152, 153 

K, see Ch. 
Kenaresforde, 40 
Keneueton, 18 
Kilingala, 39 
Eirkebi, 18 

Lacbebi, 44, 46. 133 
Lacbinfeld, 41, 49, 75, 

154 
Laclum, 105, see Aclura 
Lacoc, 4, 31 
Ladon, 48, 84, 152 
Laisinbia,104,seeLeisin 
Lambetorp, Lanbetorp, 

86, 109, 166 
Lanclif, 101 
Landeroot, 18, 143 
Langeberg, 23, 71, 76, 

97, 105 
Langfelt, 15, 22 
Langeton, 54,55, 146 bis 
Laugbetov,Langtov,21, 

28, 37, 159 
Langetouet, 117 
Langetouft, 52 bis 
Langtorp, 41, 56, 147 
Languelt, (Langefelt), 

60, 156 
Lanton, 89, 160 
Laureton, Lavreton, 30, 

93, 96, 103, 127 
Laston, Lastun, 54, 68, 

114, 145 



Latton, Latone, 54 bis, 

145 
Laxinton, 43, 153 
Leborne, 57, 148 
Leche, Lece, 18, 48, 

143, 145 
Lecbeton, 49 
Lecbestorp, 87 
Ledbestun, 18, 135 
Ledebi, 53, 130 
Ledelai, 30, 74, 85, 103, 

128 
Led, Lede, 107, 113 
Ledemare, 28, 158 
Ledes, 63, 111 
Ledesham, 63, 113 
Ledestun, 62, 110 
Ledlingbe, 98, 161 bis 
Leidtorp, 61, see Lied 
Leisincbi, Leisingebi, 

Lesinghebi, Lesinge- 

bi, 18, 24, 44, 97, 

133, 143 
Lelun, 86, 89, 132 
Lentun, 27 bis, 144 bis 
Lepinton, 161 
Leptone, 67, 121 
L'erneclif, 144 
Lertinton, 55, 146 
Lesset, 80, 166 
Lestingebani, 61, 137 
Levecen, Lewecan, 19, 

136 
Levene, 42, 163 
Levetat, 14, 100 
Leveton, 103 bis 
Lid, Weslid, Upelider, 

45, 132, 133 bis 
Lied, 63 
Liedtorp, 137 
Lilinge, 26 bis, 47, 48, 

98, 140 bis 
Lillai, 67, 122 
Linlei, 14, 15, 30, 123 
Linton, 74, 129, 160 
Lipton, 85 

Litelaston, 68, see Aston 
Litelbra', see Brabam, 

90, 128 
Litone, 14, 99 
Liverton, Liuretun, 44, 

132 



Livetotbolm, 109 
Liuresech, 15, 68, 123 
Locbetun,25,40, 136,154 
Loctemares Loctemersc 

25, 46, 136 
Loctbuse, 122 
Loctusbum,23,44, 112, 

126, 132 bis 
Lodenesburg, 37, 154 
Lodresdene, 100 
Loftose,Loftbns,Lotuse 

29, 67, 95 
Logetorp, Logbetorp, 

28, 96, 106, 159 
Lout, 42, 81, 84, 106, 

151 bis 
Lontun, 55, 146 
Lovresbale, Luuvesbale 

107, 116 
Luctone, 48 
Ludton, 37, 162 

Magna, Great, 46 
Malchetone, 73, 124 
Malgun, 32, 75, 131 
Ma!merbi,Melrnerbi,57, 

59, 148, 150 
Malsenebi, 56, 147 
Maltebi, 45, 69, 114,134 
Maltun, 25 bis, 38, 47, 

137 
Mainestun, Manestun, 

62, 111 
Manesbou, 71, 82, 105, 

137 
Manestorp, 65, 119 
Mange, 57 
Mannebi, Mannesbi, 18, 

55, 143, 146 
Mannefelt, Manefeld, 

54, 146 
Mapleton, 78, 164 
Mardelei, (Merdelei), 2 

bis, 89, 90, 112 
Mavige, 143 
Marie, 70 

Marra, 52, 53, 69, 116 
Martini, 19, 21, 24, 25, 

38,47, 50,61,71,87, 

93, 96, 97, 101, 104, 

125, 134, 136, 137, 

140, 157 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



179 



Martrebi, 86 
Massan, 58, 149 
Maxutlesmares, 19, 136 
Mecbesburg, 69, 114 
Medelai, 57,66, 120,148 
Medeltone, 83, 95 bis, 

115, 116 
Meletorp, 37 
Melse, 79, 165 
Meltebi, 21 
Meltba', 67, 121 
Mennistorp, 29, 50, 62, 

160 
Mercbefeld, 74, 127 
Mercbintone, 40 bis, 

129, 130 
Mereflet, 78, 162, 165 
Merelton, 95, 116 
Merestone, 91 
Mereton, 79,81, 165,166 
Mersc, Merscb, 44, 45, 

61, 76, 133, 137 
Mersinton, 4, 39, 110 
Merston, 91, 124 
Metelbi, (Meltebi), 156 
Micbel, Great 
Micbel, seeEdestun, 61 
Micbel, see Branie, 74, 

90, 128 
Micbelbi, 45, 132 
Micleie, 15, 22 
Micleton, 55, 147 
Middelborne, 81, 152 
Mideltiin. Middleton, 4, 
20, 39, 41, 46 bis, 49, 
54, 59, 69, 94, 105, 
110, 116, 133, 134, 
136, 116, 150, 154 
Middelba', 86 
Mildebi, 23, 131 
Mildentou, 15, 122 
jtfildeton, 67 
Mileburg, 85, 124 
Mileford, 64, 107, 113 
Mileton, 20, 21 
Milleton, 37, 102, 156 
Minescip, 30, 126 
Mirefeld, 15, 68, 123 
Mispeton, 87 
Mitbope, 74 
Mitb, Middle, 41, 163 
JVIolescroft, 41, 155 



Mitune, 26, 38, 48, 81, 

101, 141, 151 
Molscebi, Molzbi, 17, 

140 
Mo-lton, 53, 145 
Moncwic, Monnewic, 

41, 163 
Monecbet',Monucbeton 

39, 51. 85, 92. 109, 

112, 125 bis, 129 
Morebi, 60, 88, 157 
Morebusu', 23, 45 bis, 

104, 132 bis 
Morelege, Moreleia, 15 

bis, 67, 108 bis, 122 
Mortbam, 54, 145 
Mortim, 4 bis, 17 bis, 

24, 27, 29 bis, 38. 55, 
72,103,104,111,133, 
140, 144, 145, 146 

Muceltuoit, 2 bis, 89, 

112 
Mucbel Great 
Mulede, 95 
Mulebale, 108 
Muletorp, 51, 142, 162 
Mulbede, 125 
Muston, 28, 83, 158 bis 

Xaborne, 28, 60, 105, 

156 
Nacefeld, 74, 128 
Nadfortun, 28, 76, 159 
Xagbelton, 38, 61, 87, 

138 
Xapars, 75 
Naton, 54, 146 
Neise, Nesse, 82, 87, 

139, 151 
Neresford, (Chenares- 

ford), 95, 129 
Nessvinc, 49, 155 
Neubus, Newebus, 4,14, 

18, 27, 31, 75, 107, 

113, 118, 137, 142, 
143 

Neweball, 68, 114 115 
Newbuson, Neubusu', 

25, 46, 56, 63, 81, 86, 
87, 98, 99, 111, 146, 
165 

Neuson, 50, 90, 128, 154 



Xeuton, Neutun, Newe- 
ton, 9 bis, 14, 24, 26, 
28, 38, 41, 42, 45, 53, 
55, 59 bis, 61, 62, 82 
bis, 83, 84, 87, 92, 100, 
101 bis, 106, 107,114, 
132bis,133,135,136, 
137, 138 bis, 141,145, 
146, 149, 150. 155, 
158 bis, 162, 163 

Xewebam, Neueba", 24, 
44, 132, 134 

Newentune, 26 

Newose, 64 

Nichueton, 77 

Nicton, (Sudnictou), 51 

Xiebusu', 104 

Nieton, 104 

Nit, 39 

Nitb, 129 

Nisveballa, 29, 69, 111 

Niweham, 71, 104 

Niwebusu', 64, 79 

Xiwebolt, 37, 152 

Niweton, 51, 63, 79. 80, 
113 bis, 163, 165 bis, 
166 

Noningtun, 47 

Noiminctune, 47,82,139 

Noimewic, 40, 129 

Nordfeld.Norfel, 18,135 

Nordstanlai, 40, 129 

Xormanebi, 23, 26, 46, 
59,71,76,87,131,183 

Xorniantune, Xoruie- 
tune, 22, 30,121,138, 
150 

Xort, Nortb, 163 

Xort Riding, 37 

Xortdufelt, 106 

Xortfigelioge, 44, 131 

Nortgrave, 69 

Xorton, 29, 43, 53, 64, 
82, 89, 118, 120, 130 
bis, 160 

Xotele, 77, 163 

Xotingeleia, Q5, 119 

Xotone, 66 

Nunningtone, 26 

Ocelestorp, 51 
Ocbeton, 28, 159 



180 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Oderesfelt, 67, 122 
Odingehem, 32, 131 
Odulfsmare, 19 
Oglestorp, 92, 107, 113, 

114 
Oleslec, 39 
Oleschel, 112 
Olleie, 52, 117 
Opetone, 58, 149 
Opsala, 59 
Orberie, 22 
Ormesbi, 97, 104, 133 
Osboldewic, 17, 39 
Osgotcross, 53, 95, 98, 

118 
Ositone, 124 
Osle, Osele, 64, 119 
Osleset, 22, 121 
Osprinc, 66, 120 
Ossetone, 91 
Ossetorp, 62, 111 
Ostewic, 164 
Ostrinctun, 27 
Oswaldescberca, 47, 61, 

138 
Othelai, 4, 39, 110 
Otrinctune, 18, 103, 144 
Otringeba', 41, 163, 165 
Otrege, (Otrengha'), 79 

bis 
Otrreburn, 32, 100, 131 
Oucton, 153 
Oudulvesmersc, 136 
Outrtun, 17 
Ounesbi, 59, 150 
Onre, Overe, 15, 68, 123 
Oustewic, 34 
Oustredinc, 102 
Oustrefeld, 52, 116 
Oustorp, 104 
Ovretun, 60 
Owestorp, 152 
Oxeton, 108 

Padebale, 14, 100 
Paghel, 77, 163 
Paghenale, 75 
Pangeston, 65 
Parva (Little), Parvo 

Mersc, 137 
Pathorne, 100 
Pathorp, 75 



Patricton, 36, 162 
Pengeston, 30, 119 
Perlinctun, 62 
Picala, 59, 150 
Picbeburue, 52, 115 
Picbering, 19, 136 
Pickering Lytbe, 24 
Pileford, 88, 152 
Pillei, 53, 119 
Plontone, 74, 85, 128 
Pocbelac, 47, 138 
Pocbelaf, 38 
Pocbetorp, 159 
Poclinton, 20, 21, 50, 

71, 75, 84, 88, 91, 92 

bis, 96, 106, 156 bis 
Podecbesai, 15, 67, 122 
Popleton, 30, 39, 91 bis, 

93, 3 08 bis, 124 bis, 

127 
Portinton, 42, 152 
Potertun, 62, 111 
Pouele, 4, 39, 110 
Prestebi, 44, 131 
Prestetune, 19, 136 
Prestun, Preston, 14, 

57, 62,64,77,81,99, 

109,110,118,146,164, 

166 
Prlintun, 111 
Pr'sene, 42, 154 
Prtilintun, 63, 111 

Queldale, 65 
Quennebi, 140 

Radun, 101 

Rageneltorp, 40,49, 154 
Ragbil, 75 
Rainincton, 77 
Ranewat, Rainingewat, 

77, 142 
Rantune, 24 
Rascbel, 26, 141 
Rastric, 14, 15, 30, 123 
Ravensfeld, 72 
Ravenstorp, 18, 86, 143 
Ravenswet, 56, 147 
Redelesden, 4, 29, 111 
Rede wine, 77, 164 
Redlinton, 29, 160 
Redmere79,109,164,166 



Redrestorp, 29, 89, 92, 

161 
Reineton, 60, 150 
Reniton, 74 
Renliton, 50 
Ricalf, 26, 138 
Ricbale, 37, 43, 153 
Ricstorp, 83, 158 
Rictone, 28, 41, 158 
Ridemare, 57, 148 
Ridre, 107 

Rie, 57, 63, 113, 148 
Rigbeburg, 77, 164 
RibelJa, 61!, 120 
Rilestun, 99 bis 
Ringbeborg, 79, 165 bi& 
Ripelei, 83, 99, 128 
Ripesten, 30, 74,83, 90, 

126 
Ripingha', 81, 151 
Ripum, Ripu', 39, 40, 

129 
Risbi, 40, 106, 15] 
Risneswell, 79, 165 
Rison, 42, 80 bis, 109, 

163, 166 bis 
Risewic, 59, 149 
Riston, 67, 78, 80, 85, 

99, 107, 122, 127,165, 

166 
Riton, 25, 87, 94, 96, 

110, 137 
Rocuid, 59, 149 
Rocbebi, 56, 147 
Rodebestorp, 19 
Rodebi, 46 
Rodeinare, 100 
Rodemele, 14, 99 
Rodemesc, 83, 116 
Rodestan, 50, 82, 96, 

102, 159 
Rodouuelle, 15, 67, 91, 

122 
Rodreba', 117 
Rodum,Rodun, 30,103, 

127 
Rofellinton, 74, 85, 128 
Rogartorp, 118 
Rolvestun, Roolfeston, 

78, 164 
Romundebi, 18 bis, 27, 

143, 144 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK 



181 



Eontun, 134 
Eoreston, 28, 41, 65, 

119, 159 
Eoscebi, 45 
Eoscbeltorp, 44, 132 
Eoserte, 31, 85, 128 
Eosse, 77, 81, 161, 166 
Eostun, 19, 136 
Eotesse, 155 
Eotmare, 78 
Eoudecliffe, 17, 29, 41, 

133 
Eoudelvestorp, 135 
Eoudun, 2, 30, 112 
Eozebi, 19. 23, 132, 136 
Eudtorp, 84, 106, 157 
Euforde, 91, 109, 124 
Eugartorp, 61 
Eugbeton, 79, 165 
Euhale, 65, 119 
Eumoldescherce, 55, 

147 
Euntun, 18, 144 
Eute, 78, 165 
Eutha, 42, 163 

Sa'bnra, 17 
Sacroft, 63, 111 
Sactun, 119 
Salescale, 137 
Saletun, 37, 138 
Sallaia, 39, 129 
Saltemersc, 43, 153 
Sancton, 71 
Sandal, 15, 22, 52, 53, 

72, 73 bis, 107, 117 

bis, 121 
Santone, 21, 84, 106, 

154 
Santriburton, 41, 163 
Saxball, 73, 107, 113 
Saxtun, 63, 113 
Scacbeldene,26,47,139 
Scacheling, 77, 163 
Scachetorp, 50,108,124, 

160 
Scadeuuelle, 4, 29, 111 
Scafeld, 117 
Scagetorp, 19, 135 
Scalcbebi, 70, 118 
Scalebro, 61, 118 
Scalftun, 148 



Scallebi, 19, 135 
Scaltun, 47, 71, 139 
Scameston, 29, 82, 102, 

160 
Scanhall, 64, 118 
Scarcbetorp, 91 
Scard,50,82,89,96, 160 
Scardiztorp, 106 
Scarpenbec, 93, 161 
Scarpinberg, 106 
Scelf, 15, 123 
Scellintun, 22 
Scelmertorp, 66 
Scelneleie, 22 
Sceltun, 62, 110, 133 
Scetneltorp, 120 
Scepton, 52, 65, 66, 120 
Scetun, 45, 132 
Sceuelt, 30, 117 
Scbeldon, 40 
Scbelinton, 121 
Scbehun,29,45,60,94, 

130 bis 
Schereltun, 79, 165 
Scberle, 79, 165 
Scbibeden, 131 
Scbilton, 153 
Schipetun, Scipton, 31, 

77, 131 
Scbipewic, 88, 153 
Scbirebi, 55, 146 
Scbirne, 20, 88, 155 
Scbitebi, 40, 151 
Scbireburn, Scireburn, 

36, 37, 89 bis, 112, 

161 
Schirelai, Scbirle, 165 

bis 
Scbireslai, 78 
Scilton, 43 
Scinestorp, 52, 117 
Scipeden, 31 
Scipeleia,2,15,68, 121, 

123 
Scipen, 62, 111 
Scirelai, 79, 162 
Scirestorp, 108 
Scitelesworde, 52, 116 
Scivelei, 121 
Scleneford, 40, 129 
Sclofston,Scolfston, 84, 

158 



Scogerbud, 42, 155 
Scornesbi, 75, 106, 155 
Scorton, 56, 147 
Scotorp, 32, 101, 131 
Scotton,56, 84, 95,103, 

126, 127, 147 
Scoxebi, 47, 140 
Scracregbill, 54 
Scradiztorp, 92, 161 
Scrafton, Scroftun, 57, 

121 
Scrauinge, 23, 126 
Screngha', 89, 161 
Scroton, 66 
Scurueton, 56, 147 
Scuscewrde, 69 
Seacregbill, 145 
Sedberge, 34 
Selesit, 14, 100 
Selungesbi, 47, 139 
Semero, Semaer, 46,76, 

134, 135 
Sendriton, 62, 160 
Senerebi, 59, 150 
Seppeleia, 22 
Setel, 14, 100 
Seton, Settou, 20, 48, 

80, 152, 166 
Sevenetorp, 59, 150 
Sevenictun, 61 
Sezai, 43, 142 
Siclinsale (Sidlingale), 

31, 127 
Siglesdene, 92 
Siglestorne, 18,42, 143, 

163 
Sigbestun, 18 
Silcbeston,65 bis. 119 bis 
Siluetnne, Silftune, 27, 

144 bis 
Sinitun, 84, 117 
Siracbes, 2, 62, 72, 89, 

95, 107, 110 
Siverinctun,Siuenintun 

61, 137, 138 
Shvarbi, Siwardbi, 45, 

50, 81, 98, 157 
Siwavtorp, 58, 149 
Sixte'dale, 92, 161, see 

Tbixendale 
Sladeburn, Slateborne, 

101 



"182 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Slidemare, 51, 94, 162 
Smidetim, Smedeton, 

Srnidet', 17, 27, 64 

bis, 118, 143 bis 
Smetton, Smeton, 54, 

146 
Smitun, 18 
Snachebale, 31, 131 
SnecMnttm, 19, 71, 76, 

94, 137 
Sneculfcros, 75, 88, 94, 

97, 154 
Sueton, 44, 131 
Snitehale, 66, 120 
Snitertun, 63, 111 
Solberge, 55, 146 
Sosacre, 23, 92, 126 
Sotecote, 42, 81, 109 
Sotecroft, 163, 166 
Sotesac, 103 
Sotleie, 101 
Sourebi, Sorebi, 15, 17, 

18, 22, 27 bis, 44, 131, 

142, 143, 144 
Spantun, Spaimton, 61, 

139 
Specton, Spetton, 50, 

158 
Spellinton, 48, 81, 84, 

151 
Speningetorp, 58, 148 
Spoford, 74, 129 
Spreton, 21 
Sprostun, 26, 138 
Sproteburg, 30, 69, 115 
Sprotelei, 77, 78, 81, 

109, 162, 163, 164, 

166 
Stacton, 21, 158 
Stacuse, 101 
Staiuburn, 128 
Staincross, 53, 65 
Stainforde, 14, 99 
Stainton, 31, 101, 131 
Stamphotne, 14, 100 
Stanburg, 66, 120 
Stanburn, 31 
Stancross, 98, 119 
Stanegrif, 38, 105 
Stanesfelt, 15, 22 
Stanlai (Nord) 40 
Stanland, 15, 123 



Stanleie, 22, 23 bis, 53, 

9.5, 121, 126, 127, 129 

bis, 130 bis 
Stantun, 69, 107, 114 
Staplendun, 53, 54, 145, 

146 
Stapletone, 64, 118 
Statesergum, 75 
Staxebi, 44, 131 
Staxtun, 28 
Steflinflet, 28, 60, 88, 

91, 157 
Steineshale, 108 
Steingrif, 82, 138 
Steinsbi, 45, 134 
Steintorp, 49, 154 
Steintun (Staintou) 19, 

23, 44, 45, 71, 132, 

134, 135 
Sternaiiesbi, 46, 98, 135 
Stenford, Steinford, 73, 

107 
Stenwegbes, Steinuege, 

54 passim, 146 bis 
Stidnun, 47, 134 
Stivestorp, 73 
Stirsbi, 141 
Stivelinctun, 38, 141 
Stivetim, 73, 85, 91, 

108 bis, 124 
Stocbe, 100 
Stocbeslage, 97, 134 
Stocbetun, 29, 60, 111 
Stoctbun, 17 
Stodfald, Stotfald, 52, 

70, 115, 117 
Stollai, 74, 93, 98, 127, 

129 
Stoueton, 113 
Stradford, 114, 146 
Strafordes, 51, 55, 95, 

107, 114, 146 
Strangford, Stranford, 

14, 99 
Strensbale, 38, 141 
Stretun, 63, 111 
Stube, 4, 39, 110 
Stubhusuu, 30, 112 
Stuton, 73, 92, 113 
Suanebi, 59, 150 
Sudburn, 20, 155 
Sudnicton, 51, 161 



Sualun, 127 

Suatuu, 93 

Suauetorp, 93, 160 

Sud-Dufelt, 106 

Sudfelt, 76, 135 

Sudtuu, Sudton. Sud- 
tunen, 7, 26, 29, -37, 
40, 42, 43, 50, 58, 59, 
76, 77, 80, 82, 86 bis, 
96, 129, 130 bis, 149, 
157, 160 bis 

Suilli'gtun, 62 bis, 110 

Suinden, 75 

Suintun, 15, 25, 58, 69, 
137, 149 

Sundrelauwic, 28, 94, 
155 
I Suthewic, 40, 130 

Sutun, 4, 31, 64, 118, 
140 bis, 149, 150, 
163 bis. 166 

Swine, Suiiie, 36, 162 

Tametun, 24, 46, 97, 

104, 134 
Tancreslei, 53, 119 
Tanefeld, 59 bis, 150 bis 
Taneterne, 77, 164 
Tatecastre, 73, 107 bis, 

113 
Tatesbaie, 65, 119 
Tatessella, 66 
Tatewic, 52, 117 
Ternuscb, 52, 73, 117 
Teurinctun, 47, 60, 61 r 

139 
Tboi'mozbi, 24 
Tbirne, 58, 149 
Thiruon, 22, 159 
Tboac, 22 
Tborf , 97 
Tborne, 164 
Tibetorp, 20, 28, 96, 

155 
Ticbeton, 41, 163 
Tieruebi, 34 
Tilstun, 26, 47, 138 
Timbe, 4, 39, 110 
Timbelbi, 18, 143 
Timble, 23, 127 
Tineslawe, 114 
Tipetorp, 102 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



183 



Tirneslawe, 69 

Timet oft, 55, 146 

Tirmv, 102 

Tocstun, 133 

Tocvi, 91. 

Tocloure, 74, 128 

Toftes, 69, 83, 115 

Togelestun, 51,92,107, 
113 bis 

Tohac, (Thoac), 121 

Tolentun, Tolletun, 38, 
141 

Toletorp, 37, 154 

Tollesbi, 24, 71, 97, 104 
134 

Toneclive, 77, 142 

Tonnestal, 24, 134 

Torbar, 50 

Torcbilebi, 78, 164 

Toredderbi, 31, 131 

Torentun, seeTorneton 

Torfe, 29 

Torgriniestorp, 182 

Tormozbi, 17, 45, 71 
bis, 104 

Toresbi,57,82,141,148 

Toreshou, 51, 82, 94, 
97, 105, 161 

Toreton, Torreton, 57, 
58, 149 

Torneton, Tornitun, 
Torentun.Tornenton, 
15, 18, 19, 24, 25 bis. 
39, 45, 47, 58 bis, 60, 
61, 68, 71 bis, 72, 75, 
94,100,105,123,129, 
130,133,134,136,137, 
140,144,145,118,152, 
149 bis 

Torneburn, 93, 125 

Tome, 73, 78, 163 

Tornelai, 19 

Torneslag, 135 

Tomeure, 63, 107, 111 

Torail, 67, 121 

Toroldesbi, 24 

Torp, 15,17, 20, 21,23, 
24 bis, 27, 28, 29, 36, 
39, 43 bis, 45, 53, 54, 
55, 58, 63 bis, 64 bis, 
67, 68,70,71,72,73, 
76, 77,73,80,85,86, 



87, 88, 91 bis, 92, 93 
bis, 94,95,99, 103 bis 
104, 108, 109 bis, 111, 
113, 114, 116, 118 bis 
122,124pass,125,126, 
127, 129. 130 bis, 133 
pass, 135, 140, 142, 
145,146,149,152,153, 
154, 155 bis, 156, 159, 
160,161,162,165,166 

Toruelestorp, 36, 162 

Tortetuu, 82 

Toscbetorp, 49 

Toscotun, 46 

Tostenland, 122 

Totele, 79, 165 

Totfled, 81, 151 

Touetorp, 29, 38, 50, 
141, 160 

Touetun, 113 

Trapum, 68, 114 

Trecton, 52 

Treding, Thirding or 
Riding 

Tresche, 27, SQ, 142 

Trescbefelt, 31 

Treton, 117 

Triberg, 73, 116 

Truzstall, 25, 136 

Tuadestorp, 83, 125 

Tudeford, Tudeworde, 
73, 107 

Tuinc, Tuenc, 15, 122, 
67, 102 

Tuislebroc, 58, 149 

Tunestale, 56, 77, 147, 
164 pass 

Turalzbi, 97, 161 

Turbar, 76, 96, 158 

Turcbilebi, 85 

Turgesland, 66, 120 

Turgislebi, Turgilebi, 
Turgisbi, 37, 51, 82 
bis, 153, 162 bis 

Turmozbi, 134, 142 

Turodesbi, Turoldesbi, 
57, 97, 134, 148, 162 

Turolveston, 66, 120 

Turolvestorp, Turulfes- 
torp, 38, 141 

Twenc, (see Tuinc), 22, 
28, 159 



Ucnetorp, 101 
Udreswell, 148 
Ufrun, 15, 123 
Ughetorp, Ugetorp, 23, 

132 
Ugbil, 70, 1 17 
Ugleberdesbi, 44 
Ulcbiltorp, 37 
Uleburg, 166 
Ulenburg, 80 
Ulfardun, 151 
Ulfeton, 64, 145 
Ulfrain, 166 
Ulgeberdesbi, 131 
Ulmetun, 166, see 

Unielton 
Ulreham, 80 
Ulsingouere, 53 
Ulsitone, 73, 124 
Ultone, 64 
Uluestun, 27, 142 
Ulvardune, 81 
Ulvedel, 121 
Ulveston, 94 
Umeltun, 166 
Umlouebi,Umlovebi,28, 

48, 81, 84, 96, 150 
Uncbelsbi, Uncbelfebi, 

Unglesbi, 29, 62, 160 
Uncbil, see Huncbilbus 
Upelider, 44, 133 
Upsale,Upesbale,24,48, 

97,104,133,143,150 
Upton, 79, 118 
Useburn, 30, 95, 103, 

125 bis 
Utelai. 4, 31 
Utb, Soutb, 41, 163 
Ut-Risun, 109 

Vela, 162, see Wela 

Wachefeld, 14, 15 bis, 
22 bis, 108, 121, 123 

Wad, Wade, 69,87,115 

Wadesleia, Wadelei, 70, 
118 

Wadeswrde, 15, 22 

Wadles, 58, 149 

Wadewrde, 68, 108, 114 

Wadsande, Wassand, 
80, 166 



184 



INDEX TO NAMES 



Waghen,Wagen,41,79, 

162, 165 
Walbi, 36, 81, 151 bis 
Walcbingham, 23, 126 
Walcbinton, 36, 42, 97, 

106, 151 
Wales, 68, 114 
Walesgrif, 18, 46, 76, 

134 
Walise, 52, 117 
Waliton,Waletun, Wal- 
ton, 61, 74, 86, 91, 

108,109,121,124,128, 

139 
Wanbuella, 69, 83, 95, 

115 
Wandeslagb, 91, 124 
Waplinton, 21, 156 
Warda', 107 
Wardille, 38, 48, 141 
Warham, 50 
Warlavesbi, 55, 146 
Warnesfeld, 39, 120 
Warran, Warron, 29, 

97, 160, 161 
Warte, 49, 50, 96 bis 
Wavtle, 94, 110 
Wartre, 20, 75, 156 bis 
Warvelestorp, 48 
Wassba', Wasbam, 

Wassum, 78, 79 bis 
Wate, 59, 95, 116, 150, 

154 
Wateoroft, 63, 111 
Watelag, 52, 117 
Waton,WattunWatton, 

49, 97 
Waxbain, 109 
Wecesel,Wercesel,27bs 
Wecbesbala, 103 
Wedrebi, 74, 90, 129 
Wela, 41 
Weldale, 119 
Welle, 149 

Welleberge, 27,103,144 
Wellebrune, 17, 25, 61, 

86, 138, 139 
Wellet', Welleton, 42, 

48, 49, 70, 88, 97, 

106 bis, 151 bis 
Wellun, 82, 89, 160 
Welwic, 41, 163 



Wentreslaze, 57 bis, 

148 bis 
Wentri'gba', 82, 160 
Wereltun, 25, 137 
Weresa, 81, 84, 151 
Werla, 15, 22 
Werlegesbi Wergelesbi, 

18, 143 
Wermesfovd, Wemes- 

ford, 51, 72. 116 
Werton, 57, 148 
Wes-Lide, 44,46,76, 133 
Weston, 62, 128 
Westrebi, 66, 120 
Westburn, 20, 155 
Westhuse, 18, 143 
Westreding, West Rid- 
ing 
Westude, 21 
Westwic, 39, 129 
Wetwaugba', 37, 156 
Wibedstun. 141 
Wibetese, 15, 68, 123 
Wic, 29 
Wicam, Wicba', 19, 25, 

105, 136 
Wicbe, 15, 25, 68, 112, 

123, 137 bis 
Wicbeles, 83 bis, 125 
Wichingastorp, 26, 47, 

61, 139 
Wicbiogeslei, 127 
Wicbistun, 17 
Wicbu'.Wicu', 25,37,82 
Wiclesford, 14, 99 
Wicresleia, 69 
Wicstun, 20, 71, 75, 97, 

153 bis 
Widestba', 117 
Widest an, Wide tun, 

Widtun, 30, 41, 46, 

52, 78, 88, 94, 96 bis, 

101, 103, 125, 127, 

152, 163, 164 
Widforaessei, 164 
Widfornewic, 78, 80, 

164, 166 
Widlauston, Widlafes- 

ton, 21, 159 
Widuntorp, 69, 115 
Wifestade, 78, 162 
Wiflesbale, 39 



Wiflestorp, 21, 81 
Wifretorp, 37 
Wibale, 70, 117 
Wilbetun, 38 
Wilema, 86 
Wilestorp, 91 
Wilfretorp, 162 
Wilgardi, 151 
Wilgetot, 48,81,84, 151 
Wilmereslege, 118 
Wilsedene, 4, 31 
Wilsewic, 72 
Wiltun, Wilton, 19, 37, 

97, 133, 136, 156 
Wiluelai, 21 
Winbeltun, 138 
Wincbeleswrde, 100 
Wincbeslaie, 93 
Wincbeton, 80, 166 
Wincreslei, 114 
Winton, Winetun, 43, 

145 
Wintreword, Winte'- 

worde, 69, 115, 116 
Wipeleie,23,90,99,127 
Wipestun, 38 
Wircesburg, 66, 120 
Wircesbel, 144 bis 
Wirlei, 119 
Wivtleie, 98 
Wirveltun, 46, 134 
Wiselwinc, 107 
Witclive, 54, 145 
Witebi, 44, 105, 1B1 
Witelai,67,95,119, 121 
Witestan, 72 
Witeuella, 48, 140 
Witbfornewic, Wilfor- 

newic, 41, 163 
Witewde, 64, 66, 120 
Witfornes, 78 
Witun, 57, 148 bis 
Wi'treburn, 14, 100 
Wivesbale, 129 
Wivestad, Wi'stede, 36, 

164 
Wivlestorp, 124, 158 
Wlmeresleia, 64 
Wlsintone, 109 
Wodehus', 29, 111 
Wrleia, 53 
Xistendale, (Thix), 51 



IN DOMESDAY BOOK. 



185 



NORTH LANCASHIRE, INCLUDING 
FURNESS DISTRICT. 



Actun, Aighton, 33 

Agemunderness, 32 

Aldcliffe, 33 

Aldingharn, 36 

Aschebi, 33 

Borch, Burrow, 32, 34 

Biscopharn,Bispham,32 

BartuD, 33 

Brocton, Broughton, 33 

Biseuurde, Bileworth, 

33 
Bare, 34 
Bodelton, Bolton le 

Sands, 36 
Borwick, Berewick, 35, 

102 
Borton, 35, 36 
Berebrun, 34 
Bodela, Bothell, Bootle, 

35 
Berretseige,Bardsea,35 
Bodelford, Bolford, 36 
Biedun, Beetkam, 101 
Brune, Brjning, 32 

Catrehala, 33 
€liftun, (in Fylde), 32 
Oatun, 35 
Clactune, Claughton, 

33, 35 
Ghipendun, Chipping, 33 
Chichehani, Kirkham, 

32 
Carlentun,(Wyersdale), 

32 
Gherch Loncaster, 33 
Crimeles, 33 
Ckerestanc, Garstang, 

33 
Chellet, Kellet, 31 
Chreneford, Carnforth, 

34 
€antesfel,Cantsfield, :-5l 
Casterton, 31 
Cherchebi, Kirkby 

Lonsdale, 34 
Gkerchebi, Kirkby 

Kendal, 36 



Chilvestrewic, Killer- 
wick, 35 
Cliverton, Ci'inleton, 35 
Cocreha', Cockerham, 
101 

Daltun (Furness) 35, 36 
Dene, 36 

Edelelesuuic, Elswick, 

33 
Estun, Ashton near 

Lancaster. 32, 101 
Ergun, Arkholme, 34 
Eglestun, Eccleston, 

32 bis 
Ellhale, Ellel, 101 
Eureshairn, Eversham, 

102 

Farelton, 35, 102 
Fiscwic, Fisbwick, 33 
Fordebodele, 35 
Forstun, 33 
Frecheltun, 32 

Griniesarge, 33 *► 
Ghersinctun, Gressing- 

bam, 34 
Glassertun,Gleaston,35 
Gerleuuorde, Kirkby 

Irelith, 35 
Gusansarghe, 33 
Greenholf, 32 

Hennecaster, 102 

Halctun, Haigbton, 33 

Horebi (Castle) 32 

Hameltun, 33 

Haltun, 33 

Hillun, 33 

Hotun, Hutton, 33, 34 

bis, 36 
Hietun, Heaton, 34, 35 
Hessam, Heyskarn, 34 
Holme, 35 
Hougun, Hougenai, 35, 

36 



Hert, 35 
Helsingetun, 36 

Irebi, 34 

Inscip, 33 

Ialant, Yealand, 102 

Lea (Gate in Fylde) 32 
Lidun, Lytbarn, 32 
Latun, Layton, 32 
Loncastre, Lancaster, 

33 
Lech, 34 
Lupetun, 35 
Lies, Leece, 35 
Lanesdale, Lunesdale, 

101 
Lefuenes, Levens, 103 

Midehope, Mithope, 33 
Middeltun, 31 bis 
Meretun, Marton, 32,35 
Munet, Mint, 36 
Manzserge, 31 
Micheles-cherch (on 

Wyre) 33 
Mellinge, 32 

Newhuse, Newsome, 
Newsham, 33, 34 

Neutune, Newton le 
Fylde, 32, 33, 31, 35 

Ouretun, Overton, 34 
Oxenecliff, 34 
Ourgreve, 35 

Prestun, 32, 35, 102 
Pennegetun, 35 
Patun, 36 
Pluntun, Plumpton, 32, 

33 
Pres, Prees, 32 
Pressonede.Preesall, 33 
Poltun, (le Fyldes and 

le Sands) 32, 83 

Rigbi, 32 



186 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 



Rodecliff, Rawcliff, 33 
Rushale, Rossal, 32 
Ribelcastre,Ribchester, 

33 
Rosse, Roose, 35 

Scozford,Scotforth, 101 
Saleuuic, Salwick in 

Fylde, 32 
Suenesat, Swainset, 33 
Staiaiughe, 32 
Schertun(Lancaster) 31 
Singletun, 32 
Sorbi, Sourbi, 33, 35 
Sline, 31 
Stalmine, 33 
Steintnn, 36 



Stercaland, 36 
Santacberche, Kirk 

Santon, 35 
Slopeltierne,Stapleton, 

34 
Sunton, Santon, 35 
Steyetun, Stainton, 35 

Tathaim, 35 

Tunestall, 35 
Tornetun, Tbornton in 

Lonsdale, 32 
Torentun, Tbornton le 

Fylde, 32 
Treiefelt, 32 
Treueles, Treales, 32 
Toredbolme, Torris- 



holme, 34 
Tiernun, Tburnbam, 33 

Ulverstun, 36 

Witingba', 35 
Walletun, 35 
Warte, Swarth, 35 
Witetone, Wbittington r 

31 
Wininctune, Wenning- 

ton, 32, 35 
Westbi (in Fylde) 32 
Wartun, 32, 35 
Widecur, Widker, 32 
Witingheham, 33 
Watele&, Wbeatley, 33 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 
OK SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



Aberford, 63 
Acklarn, Lacl, Aclun, 

Ach, Acl, Hacl 
Ackwortb, Ace 
Acornb, Acun, Acbu' 
Ackton, Ait 
Addle, Adel 
Adwick, Hade, Adew 
Addingbam,Edib,Oding 

Edid 
Addletborp, Ardulf, 

Adulfs, Ard 
Agbrigg, Hage 
Agnes, Burton, 21, 102 
Agglethorp, Acul 
Aismunderby, Hash, 

Asm 
Aislaby,Asulve,Aslacbe, 

Asl 
Airyholrne, Ergun 
Ainderby, Ein, Andr, 

Enclr 
Aikbar, Acbe, Aike 
Aiskew, Ecbe, Egescop 
Ainsty, Annes, Anes 
Ainely, Ane 
Aigbton, Act 
Aike, Ach 
Allerston,Alves, Alvres, 

Alue, Alur, Alver 



Allerton, Alvre, Aluer, 

Aire 
Altofts, Toftes 
Aldboro 1 , Burg, Aldenb, 

Burc, Aide 
Allertborp, Herlev, 

Alwar, Erlev 
Aldwark, Ade 
Anlotherby Edmund, 

Aiinund 
Amplefortb, Aropre, 

Ambre 
Anston, Anes, Litelas 
Anlaby,Uml, Uul,Amlaf 
Appleton le Street, 25, 

87 &c, Apel 
Arnoldstoft, Arnodes 
Arocliffe, Lernc, Erne, 

Gern, (p. 27) 
Ai*tbington, Ard, Hard 
Armin, Ermen 
Armthorp, Ernulfes 
Arksey, Arch 
Ardsley, Erdes 
Arch, see Thorp-Arch 
Arkendale, Arch, Argh 
Armley, Erm 
Arnold, Arnes 
Arrum, Arram, Argun 
Arnford, Erne 



Arkbolme, Argam, Erg 
Askwitk, Ascu 
Asenby, Asebi, Esten 
Aston, Estun 
Ashton, Estun 
Asselby, Ascbil 
Aske, Hasse, Hase 
Attercliff, Atec 
Au^bton, Act, Hac, 

Hacs 
Auckley, Alces, Alch 
Austertield, Oust 
Audlin, 61, 118 
Austonley, Alstan 
Austhorpe, Osse 
Auburn, Ele 
Austwick, Oust 
Aysgarth, Eches 
Ayton, Atun 
Azerley, Aser, Asser r 

Hase 

Barnoldswick, Bernulf 
Bank Newton, 100 
Basball, Basch 
Barnbrough, Berne 
Baildon, Beld 
Barwick, Bere 
Bardsey, Berd 
Barlow, Berl 



OR SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



187 



Balby, Balles 
Baragh, Berg 
Barnsley, Berns 
Batley, Bath 
Barrowby, Btrghe 
Barnaby, Bernod 
Battersby, Badres 
Barugb Berg, Berch 
Baxby, Bascb, Baches 
Barforth, Beref 
Barningham, Beru 
Barden, Berne 
Barnhill, Bernheld 
Barmby on Marsh, 

Barn, Bern 
Barrow, Borch 
Barlby, Bardnl 
Bainton, Bagen, Bagh 
Basset, 29, 160 
Barthorpe, Barch 
Barrnston, Benes 
Bardsey, Berret, Bere 
Barkeston, 36, 73, 92 
Bardolf, 61 
Bank, 62 
Barlow, Berlai 
Benningholme, Benin, 

Benic 
Benningbrough, BeDni, 
Bewick, Bin 
Beeford, Biu 
Bewholme, Begu 
Beamsley, Bomes, 

Bernes, Bethmes, 

Be dm 
Beckwitb, Becv 
Beldon, Bail 
Bewerley, Beure 
Beswick, Base 
Beilby, Bele 
Belthorpe, 21 
Bessingby, Bas 
Belby, Ball, Belle 
Bentham, Benet 
Becca, 62 
Beall, Beg 
Bentley, Benes, Bened, 

Benel 
Belker, Belthorpe, 

Balch 
Bellerby, Beige 
Beadlam, Bodl 



Bempton, Bent 
Beddern, 125 
Birstwith, Berist 
Birdforth, Gerles, 142, 

71, 77, 98, 85 
Bircsall. Brites, Brides 
Bilton, Bille 
Birkin, Berch 
Birkby, Brete 
Bierlow, 116 
Billingley, Bing 
Birchworth, Berce 
Bierley, Birl 
Bishopthorpe, Torp 
Bilbrough, Mileb 
Bickeiton, Bich 
Bishop Monkton, 

Monu 
Bishop Thornton ,Toren 
Binnington, Bigne 
Bisphain, Biscop 
Blater Carr, Blatun 
Bolton Bode Bodel Bade 
Bowling, Bollinc 
Boulby, Bolle 
Bordley, Bore 
Bossall, Bosc 
Borrowby, Berge 
Bonville"(Hutton) 27 
Bowthorpe, Bole 
Bojnton, Bouin 
Boythorp, Bui 
Bootle, Bodel 
Bolford, Bodel 
Borwick, Borch 
Bowland, Bolland, 75 
Bramwith, Bran 
Braithwell, Brade 
Brame, Braham, Little, 

Michel 
Bracewell, 74, Brais 
Brandsburton, Burt 
Brampton, Bran 
Brafferton, Bradf , Bratf 
Brayton, Bret 
Brawby, Brag, Bray 
Brantingham, Bred, 

Bret, Brend, Brent 
Bramham, Braha' 
Bramhope, Bra'h 
Brearton, Bare, Brar 
Breckenbrough, Brache 



Breightori, Brist, Brice 
Brimham, Birneb 
Brins worth, Brinesf 
Brignall, Bring 
Bridlington, Bret 
Brierley, Bresc, Brese 
Brighouse, 68 
Brigham, Bring 
Brods worth, Broches 
Broxa, Breche 
Broughton, Broc, Bros 
Brompton, Brune Biin 
Brough, Burg, Bore 
Brotton, Broc 
Bryning, Brune 
Bryan, 109, 125, 60 
Bubwith, Bubr 
Bugthorp, Buche, 

Bughe 
Bulmer, Boles, 82, 60 
Buckton, Boche, Boc 
Burgh, Wall is, Burgh, 

64 
Burneston, Brinit, 

Brening 
Burnsall, Brins 
Burton, Bor, Ber, Bore 
Burythorp, Bergu, 

Berge 
Burland, Bir 
Burley, Burg 
Bnrdon, Burg 
Burrill, Borel 
Burdale, Bre, Bred 
Burton, Santrib 
Burnby, Brune 
Burstwick, Brocs 
Butterwick, Butr 
Buscel, 19 
Busby, Busche, 46 
Byerlaw, 95 
Byland. Bege 
Bywater, 62, 110 

Cadeby, Cate 
Camblesforth, Canbes r 

Games 
Carnaby, Cherend 
Carlton, Carlen, Cart 
Cawthorne, Calt 
Cayton, Caim, Chet, Cai 
Cattal, Cath 



188 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 



Catterton, Cadre 
•Campsall, Cans 
■Cart worth, Cbete 
•Calverley, Caver 
Cawton, Calve 
Cartworth, Chet 
Caythorpe, Care 
•Carnforth, Chren 
"Caville, Chev 
Carperby, Chirp 
Catwick, Coting, Catin 
Caldwell, Crade 
Camerton, Camerin 
Cherry, see Burton, 40, 

154 
■Chevet, Cev 
Chellow, Celes 
Chenuthesholm,Chenec 
Chapel, 63, 111 
Church, 63 
Chellow, Celes 
Cliff, Clive, Cliue 
Cleasby, Cles 
Claro, Burgscire, 83,90, 

98 
-Cloughton, Cloc 
Clint, 23, 90, 127 
Claxton, Claxen, Clax- 

torp 
Cleavinge, Cleu 
•Claughton, Clac 
Cleveland, 97, 134 
Clay, (Clavton on), 

(Norton le) 53, 71 
Cleckheaton, Het 
Olotherholme, Clud 
Clayton, Clac, Clai 
Cleeton, 77 
Cold, 32, see Heindley, 

Coniston 
Coniston, Coneg,Cunes, 

Cumng, Coining 
Codbeck, 26 
•Cononley, Cutn 
€onyers, 40, 43 (Hutton 

Norton 
Constable41,58,149,163 
■Coneysthorp, Coung, 

Coninges 
Compton, Con 
Coldcotes, Calde 
■Cookridge, Cuch 



Copt, see Hewick 

Colburn, Corb 

Coniston, Coningesbi 

Cornbrough, Corl 

Corteborne, Cote 

Cotting, Coting 

Cotcliffe, 18, 27, 143 

Cotness, Cotes 

Cottingwith, Cotewid 

Cottani, Cottun 

Cotherston, Cod 

Coulby, Cole 

Coverdale, 57 

Cowlam, Cole, Coin 

Cowsby, Col, Cahes, 
Coles 

Cowthorpe, Cole 
I Cowling, Coll 
| Cowton, Cudt, Cot 
j Coxwold, Coxwood, Cue 

Croft, Crofst 

Crofton, Scrof, Scrot 

Crathorne, Grat 

Crakehall, Crach 

Crakehill, Cree 

Crambe, Cran 

Cranswick, Cranz 

Crinleton, Cliver 

Croom, Crog, Cro' 

Crosland, Crois 

Crooks, Croche 

Crayke, Creic 

Crosby, Cote, Cotun 

Crosby, Ciox 

Cromwellbottom, 6 

Crunkley, Crurnbe, 
Cru'b 

Cullingworth, Colin 

Cusworth, Sous, Cuze 

Cuforth, Cudf 

Cumberworth, Cu'ber 

Darton, Der 
Dalton, Del 
Darrington, Darn 
Darfield, Der, Derew 
Dale, Town, Dal 
Deepdale, Depe 
Dement, 26, 50, 157 
Deighton Kirk, Dis 
Deighton, Die, Dis, 
Dicten 



Denaby, Deneg, Degen 
Dearne, 73, 116, &c. 
Didderston, Dird 
Dinnington, Dunin, 

Domni, Dunn 
Dinsdale, Dims, Dinesh 

Dign 
Dickering, see Die, 81 

&c. 
Dike, Diche 
Don, 52, 73 
Downholme, Dune 
Dowthorp, Dwe 
Driffield, Drif, Drig 
Draughton, Drac 
Drypool, Drit, Drid 
Drighlington, Dresl 
Dringhoe 
Drax, Drac 
Dromonby, Dragmal 
Duggleby, Digh, Difgel 
Duffield, Dufelt 
Dunnington, Douni, 

Domni, Dodin 
Dunsforth, Done 
Dunkeswick, Chesw. 

Easingwold, Eisinc 
Easthorpe, Est 
Easington, Hes, Es 
Eastburn, Aust, Ese, 

Est, August 
Easton, Est 
Earlsheaton, Ett, Etone 
Easby, Ese, Ase 
Earswick, Edres 
Eastend, Ect Estone 
Eaveston, Eves 
East Stainlev, Estan, 

Estol 
Eastrington, Estrinc 
Easdike, Ese, 73, 108 
Ear by, Eure 
Ebberston, Edbriz 
Eccleshill, Egles 
Eccleston, Egles 
Eddlethorp, Gedwales, 

Gudw, Eduardes 
Edlington, Ellin, Eilin 
Eggleston, Eghis 
Egbrough, Eburg, 

Acheb 



OR SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



189 



Eldwick. Helw\ 7, 89 
Elland, Elant, Elont 
Ellerburn, Eire 
Ellerby, Alward, Elwor, 

Aluer 
Ellenthorpe, Adel, Hal- 

wid, Elwin 
Elloughton, Elgen 
Elleker, Alrecher 
Ellerton, Aire, Eire 
Ella, Alwen, Aluengi 
Ellerbeck, Aire 
Elestolf, Est 
Elsternwick, Asten 
Elswick, Ethels, 

Edelels 
Ehnete, 62 
Elmsall, Erm 
Elvingtou, Alwin 
Emswell, Helmes, Elm 
Einley, Ame 
Eppleby, Aple 
Eryholme, Argun 
Escrick, Ascri 
Eske, Asc, Ascli 
Eston, Ast 
Eskdale, 86, 89 
EsktoD, Est 
Eskolt, 110 
Everley, Eure 
Exilby, Aschil 

Falsgrave, Walesg, 

Walles 
Fangfoss, Frang 
Faceby, Fez, Foites 
Farnhill, Fern 
Farnley, Fern, Ferel 
Farsley, Fersel 
Featherston, Feres, 

Frede 
Fearbv, Feder 
Felliscliff, Felg 
Felixkirk, Fride 
Ferrensby, Fere 
Ferriby, Fere 
Ferry, Fereia, Fris 
Ferribridge, Ferie 
Fewston, Fos, 23 
Firby, Frede, Frib 
Filey, Fiu, Fu 
Fields, Bald 



Fisblake, Fix 
Fixby, Fech 
Flamborough, Flane 
Flaxton, Flas 
Flaxby, Flates 
Flowergate, Flore 
Fleimning, 28, 158 
Flixton, Fleus 
Foggatborp, Fulcar 
Folkton, Fulch 
Foolston, Fngel 
Force, Fors 
Foston, Fods 
Forest (Galtres, &c.) 

17, 26, 60 
Foxton, Fos, Fous 
Foxholes, Foxel 
Fornetorp, 61 
Fraisthorpe, Frest, 

Frestin 
Fryston, Fris 
Fry ton, Fride 
Frickley, Frice 
Furness, 35, 36 
Fulford, Fole 
Fyling, Figel 
Fylingdale, Figl, Fige 

Galtres, Gerles, 17, 39 
Gate Fulford, Fule 
Ganton, Garni 
Ganthorpe Gam, Gamel 
Gargrave. Gere, Ghere 
Garstang, Cheres 
Gardham, Gerd 
Garriston, Gerdes 
Gatenby, Ghetens, 

Chenets 
Garth, 78 
Ganstead, Gagen 
Garrowby, Gheru, Geru 
Garforth, Gere, Ingev 
Gembling, Ghem, 

Chemel 
Givendale, Ghi, Gher, 

Goin, Geve 
Girsby, Gris 
Gilling, Ghellinges, 

Gell 
Girlington, Gerl 
Gipton, Chip, Cip 
Gisburu, Ghise, Gys 



Gillamoor, Gedling 
Giggleswick, Ghigel 
Glass, 65, 118 
Gleaston, Glass 
Gnipe, Ghin 
Goldthorpe. Guld,Gode 
Goldsborough, Gol, 

Godes, Goden 
Goodmanham, Gud 
Goosnargh, Gusan 
Goulton, Gout, Gol, Got 
Gowthorpe, Gheue,Geu 
Golcar, Gudlag 
Goxhill, Golsc 
Grace (Mount) 27, 101 
Grafton , Cadre 
Gransmoor, Grenz, 

Grentes 
Grange,17,28,56,63,Ltc. 
Green, 30, 125, &c. 
Grassington, Chers, 

Ghers 
Grantley, Grent 
Gressingham, Ghers 
Greasbrough, Gerse 
Greenhow (Ingleby) 86,. 

134 
Grewelthorp, Torp 
Greetland, Grel 
Gribthorp, Grip 
Grimthorp, Grin 
Grindale, Geren, Gren 
Grindalythe, 29, 51, 82,. 

162 
Grimshaw, 12 
Grindleton, Gretl 
Grimston, Grimet 
Guisbrough , Chig, 

Gighes, Ghiges, Gise- 

borne 
Guiseley, Gisl, Gisel, 

103 
Gisbiu'n,seeGuisbrough 
Guuby, Bonnebi 

Hackforth, Ache 
Hagthorp, Ache 
Hackness, Hage 
Habton, Abe. Abb 
Haggenby, Hugh 
Haisthorpe, Asc, Asch r 
Aschel 



190 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 



Halifax, 22 

Halton, Alt, Helde, 

Hatel, see Harden 
Haighton, Hale 
Hampole, Hone, Hane, 

Han 
Halsham, Halsem 
Hainworth, Hagen 
Hang, 59, 149 
Hanging (Grimston, 

Heaton) 161, &c. 
Harnmerton, Ambre 
Hanlith, Hang 
Hartshead, Hortes, 12, 

68 
Hartbill, Hert 
Haronie, Harem, Harun 
Harden(Hatelton)89,90 
Harpham, Arp, Harpein 
Harlsey, Herl, Herel, 

Hers, Erles 
Harswell, Erse 
Harton, Here 
Harnby, Erne, Hern 
Hartfortb, Herf 
Hardwick, Ard 
Hartlington, Herl 
Haslewood, Esele, 

HesGl 
Hatfield, Hed, Hai 

Heie 
Hauxwell, Hauocb 
Hawnby, Halme 
Hawksworth,Heuoches, 

Hauoc 
Hawkswick, Hocb 
Hawsker, 44, 131 
Hawkesgartb, 44 
Healaugb, Hail, Hela, 

Hale 
Hellifield, Helge 
Helwick, (Eklwick), 

Helg 
Hensall, Edes, Ede 
Hemingbrougb, Haan, 

Hami 
Heptonstall, 22 
Heaton, Ett, Hie, Het 
Helmsley, Elm, Almes, 

Hamels, Elmes 
Hemsworth, Hameles, 

Hilme 



Hey sham, Hess 
Helperby, Hilp, Ilpr 
Helpertliorpe, Elpe 
Headinglev, 110 
Hellaby, Elge, Elde 
Heindley, Ind, Hinde 
Heatbfield, Higre 
HemliDgton, Himel 
Herleshow, Erles 
Hessay, Esd, Hesdes, 

Esdes 
Hessle, Hase, Asele 
Heslington, Hasl 
Hewick, Haw, Hade, 

see Copt 
Hetton, Hetune 
Heslerton, Hasel, Esl 
Hexthorp, Hest, Est 
Hesley, 116 
Hesselton, Eslin, Hesl 
Hinderwell, Heldre, 

Ildre Hild 
Hilston,Heldov,Heldew 
Hickleton, Chicbel, 

Icliel 
Hildertborpe, Hilger 
Hildenley, Hild Ilding 
Hive, Hidon 
Hipperbolme, Huper 
Hildagreen, Ilde 
Hinderskelf, Ilder, 

Hilder(CastleHoward) 
Hipswell, Hiple 
Holme, Hulme,Hougon, 

Holne, Horn 
Houghton, Houe, Halt, 

Oue, Hoc, (see Glass] 
Hotham, Hode, Holde, 

Hod 
Horbury, Orb 
Holmfirth, 22, Holne 
Holtby, Bolt, Elt, Helt 
Hopperton, Homp, 

Horn 
Hovingham, 36, 47 
Howgrave, Hougrave, 

Hogr, Hogram 
Holdernese, Helder, 77 
Howden. Houe 
Holdworth, Halse, Aid 
Hoyland, Hoi, Holant 
Horniugton, Hornit 



Howthorp, Hoi 
Hollym, Holun, Holam 
Hodder, 101 
Horsforth, Hose 
Hooton, Ho 
Honley. Hane 
Hornby, Horenbode, 

Horebod 
Howsham, Hus, Huson 
Howe, Hon 

Hornsea, Hornesse, 78 
Huddersfield, Oders, 

OJres 
Huddleston, Hunchil 
Hunsingore, Ulsig, 

Huls, Hols 
Hudswell, Hudres, 

Udres 
Hubberholme, Huburg 
Huttou, Hoton, see 

Wandeslage 
Humberton, Burt 
Huby, Hobi 
Husthwaite, 142 
Hunderthwaite, 

Hundreds 
Hunsley, Hundes, 

Hundres 
Huggate, Hugh, Hug 
Hunibleton, Umelt 
Hull, 27 
Humber, 36 

Idel, Idle, 6, 103 
Ingleby, Ein, Engl 
Ingleton, Ingles 
Ingmanthorp, Gemun, 

Germunds 
Ingbirchworth, Berc 
Ingolds, Ingulf 
Ukley, Illec, Illic, 39, 73 
Ilton, Hilch, Ilche 
Ingthorp, Ucne 
Irelith, Gerle 

Jaglin, 64, 118 

Kelset, Chel 
Kelleythorpe, Calges 
Kelfield, Chelch 
Kelk, Chelch 
Kellington, Chel, 95 



OR SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



191 



Kelbrook, Chel, Cheue 
Keeling (Nun) Chil 
Kearby, 31 
Keighley. Chic 
Kellet, Chel 
Kereby, Chere 
Kepwick, Cap, Chip 
Kendal, 36, Cheldale 
Kennythorp, Chere 
Keresforth, Creu, 

Creves 
Kettlethorpe, Chet, see 

Thorp, Torp, 152 
Keswick, Ches, Chesing 

(see Dnnkcs) 
Kexmoor, Chetes, Cotes 
Kexbrough, Chize, Ceze 
Keyingham, Chaing 
Kettlewell, Chet 
Kershaw, 7 
Kilnsey, Chile 
Kilnsea, Chiln 
Kildale, Chil 
Kilton, Chil 
Killerby, Chilv, Chilvert 
Kilvington, Chelv 
Kilpin, Chelp 
Kilnwick, Chil, Chelin, 

Chilewid 
Kildwick, Chil 
Kilham, Chil 
Kilburn. Chil 
Kiddal, Chid 
Killinghall, Chen, Chil 
Killerwick, Chilves 
Kimberworth, Chiber 
Kinsley, Chines 
Kinthorp, Chin 
Kiplin, Chipe 
Kiplingcotes, Climb, 

Clinbi 
Kippax, Cbip 
Kirkby Hill, Chirc 
Kirklington, Chere, 

Cherd 
Kirkby Wiske, Cherc,86 
Kirkburn, Westb., 

Burns 
Kirkheaton, Hepton 
Kirkby Overblow, Chere 
Kirk Ella, Alven, 

Aluengi 



Kirkburton, Bert 

Kirkby Knowle, 86 

Kirkdale, Chire 

Kirkleatharn, Leath, 24 

Kirk, affix, 27, &c. 

Kirkby, Cher, Chir 

Kirkhani, Chich, Cher- 
can 

Kiveton, Cive 

Knaresborough, Chen- 
ares 

Knarford, Kenares 

Knapton, Cnape 

Knayton,Cheniv,Keneu 
Chenev 

Knedlington, Cled, 
Cledin 

Kneeton, Nat 

Knipe, Ghinipe 

Knottingley, Not 

Kniton, Sudnict 

Kyme (Newton) 51,107, 
113 

Lancaster, Lou 

Lackenby, Lach 

Langthorp, Lamb, 30, 
91, see Torp 

Langton. Lant 

Lastingham, Lest 

Langthorn, Langtorp 

Laycock, Lac 

Layton, La, Las 

Laughton, (en le Mor- 
then) Last 

Laysthorp, Leches 

Lathom, Ladon 

Laytham, Ladon 

Lazenby, Leisiug, 
Lesing, Laisin 

Leake, Lecke, Lech, 
Lece, 77 

Leathley, Lede 

Leatham, 'West Lidu,' 
Lid 

Lealholme, Lelun 

Leavening, Ledl 

Lebberston, Ledbez 

Leckonfield, Lach, 
Lachin 

Leckby, Lede 

Lead, Lede, Lied, Led, 
Leek 



Leonard, 23, 126 
Leece, Lies 
Lelley, 17, 161 
Levisham, Lewec, Leu 
Levington, Lent, Levet, 

see Kirk 
Levet, 52, 117 
Lindley, Lillai 
Linton (on Ousej 141, 

Lip 
Linthorp, 76 
Lisset, Les 
Littlethorp, 129 
Littleworth, Sciteles 
Liverton, Liur 
Liversedge, Lesfr 
Lockton, Loche 
Locheton, Lock 
Lochington, Loche, 

Leche 
Loft, Locte 
Lofthouse, Lofthus, 

Loct, Lot 
Loftmarisbes, Loct 
Londesborough,Lodens 
Lonsdale, 34 
Lothersdale, Lodr 
Loversall, Geures, 

Luures 
Lowcross, 46, see 

Hutton 
Lowthorp, Langet, 

Logh, Loge 
Lund, Lont 
Lutton, Ludt 
Lythe, 147, Lid 
Lytbam, Lidun 

Magna or Great 
Mareis,Mersc,Marishes 

25 
Manston, Mains 
Marr, Marie 
Malbis, see Acaster 
Markenrield, Merch 
Malham, Malg, 99 
Marske, Mersche, 

Mersc 
Marfleet, Mere 
Marton, Mere 
Mardeby, Martre 
Marley, Mard, Merde 



192 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 



Marston, Mers 
Mauleverer,seeAllerton 

30, 103 
Malzeard, see Kirkby, 

127 
Masham, Mass, 93 
Malbis, 121 
Maunby, Mann, 12 
Market (Weighton) 20 
Markington, Mercb. 
Marrick,Marige, Mange 
Melmerby, Mai 
Menstborp, Manes 
Metbley, Mede 
Mexbvougb, Mecbes 
Melton, Middel, Merel, 

Midel, Medel 
Menston, Mersin 
Melsis, Malsis, Cbeldis, 

Cbelcbis 
M enetborp,Mane,Menn 

Menis 
Meaux, Melse 
Melbourne, Middel, 

Midel 
Meltonby, Meltby, 

Metel 
Melsonby, Mais 
Miniot, see Carlton, 27, 

142 
Middleton, Milde, 

Milden 
Misperton, 61, 138 
Mickletbwaite, Mucel 
Micklegate, 125 
Middop, Mitb 
Middlebam, Medelai 
Midgley, Mic 
Milby, Mild 
Mitbope, Mid 
Mint, Munet 
Millington, Mille, Mile 
Monk, see Bretton, 

Monecb 
Moutem, 92, 99 
Monkton, Monucb, 

Monecb 
Monkwick, Monne 
Moorside, 61 
Moortborp, 64, 118, 

see Torp 
Moor Monkton,Monecb 



Moorsholme, Moreb, 

Morbus 
Morley, Morelege 
Mortben, (Laugbton) 

52, 68 
Morell, 53, 55, 145, 146 
Mount Grace, 27, 144 
Mowtborpe, Mele, Mule 
Moxby, Molz, Molsce 
Moss, 64, 118 
Murton, Mor 
Mulgrave, Grif, 45, 132 
Murgatroyd, 13 
My ton, Mit 
Myers, 56, 147 

Nafterton, Nadf 
Nateby, 33 

Nawton, Nagbel, Nagel 
Nappa, Napars 
Narford, Neres 
Ness, Neisse 
Nestield, Nace 
Newham, Niue, Niwe 
Newton, Nie, Neu, Niw, 

Niebu 
Newsbarn, Nieb, Neub, 

Neus 
Newtborp, Neubu, 64 
Newboline, Neuba' 
Newball, Niw 
Newsbolme, Neub, 

Nesse 
Newbald, Niw 
Newsome, Niwe 
Nicton (Sud) 51 
Nidd, Nit, Nitb 
Nortballerton, Aire I 
Nostell, 64, Osle 
Notton, Note, Nort 
NunburnholmeBrunba' 
Nunkeeling, Cbel 
Nuntborp, Torp, 104 
Nunwick, Nonne 
Nunnington, Nonne 
Nun Monkton, Monec 
Nuttles, Notb, Notel 

Oakwortb, Ac, Acu 
Ogletborp, Oceles 
Old, see Linley, 30 
Ouesacre, Ane 



Orgrave, Nort 
Ormesby, 104 
Osgodby, Ausg, Asg, 

Ansgote 
Ossett, Osl 
Osmotherley, Asm 
Osgoldcross, Osgot, 53, 

95 
Otterington, Otre, 

Ostr 
Ottringbam, Otrege, 

Otren 
Oulston, Ulu, Ulves 
Ouse, 83 

Ouseburn, Use. 92, 12G 
Ousetborp, Owes, Dwes 
Ouston, Ulsi 
Oubrougb, Ulen, Ule 
Overblow, Kirkby, 85 
Overton, 142, Ouer 
Ovington, Ulfe 
Owston, Aus, Austh 
Owram, Overe, Oure, 

Ufrun 
Owstborp, Ianulfs 
Owstwick, Hoste, Oste 
Owthorne, Torn, 79,164 
Oxcliffe, Oxen 
Oxspring, Osp 
Oxton, Osse, Osi 

Parva, or Little 
Painsthorpe, 29, 161, 

see Tborf 
Pagnell, 52, 117 
Pallethorp, 53, 108, see 

Torp 
Patrick, 59, 150 
Partington, Per, P'til, 

Prl, Prtil 
Painley, Pagben, Pade 
Paytborne, Patborp 
Paull, Pagb, Pagel, see 

Holme 
Patrington, Patric 
Peniston,Panges,Penge 
Percy, 21, 29, 50, 73, 

91, 102, 108, 124, 161 
Perrow, 58, 149 
Pickering, Pickering 

Marisbes, Cbigoges, 

61, 136 



OR SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



193 



Pickhill, 43, Picale 
Picot, 59, 150 
Pilwood, Pileford 
Pinckintkorp, Oustorp, 

24 
Pidsea, 78, 164 
Plumpton, Plun, Plon 
Pontefract, 119 
Pockley, Pock 
Pool, Pouel 
Portington, Portit 
Potter, 22, 159, see 

Newton, Bruere, &c. 
Poulton, Pol 
Preese, Pres 
Priestkorpe, 63 
Pudsey, Podeck 
Purston, Prest 

Quick, Tokac, 22 
Quarmky, Wkarmby, 

Corn 
Quernkowe, 59, 150 

Rainton, Rein, Raining, 

Rane, Rain 
Raistkorp, Redr,Redres 
Radkolme, Radun 
Ratkinell, Rode 
Rawciiffe, Rond, Rode 
Rawdun, Rod 
Rawdon, Rou 
Rawmarsk, Rode 
Ray gill, Ra 
Raventkorpe, Ragenel, 

Rau 
Reetk, Rie 

Redmire, Ride,Rotmere 
Reigkton, Ric 
Rikston, Ripe 
Rickniond, 12, 55, 56, 

146, 148 
Riccall, Rica, Rick 
Rigton, Ris, Rit 
Riddlesden, Redel 
River-names, 13 
Rillington, Redlin, Renl 
Ringkurg, Rige, Rigk 
Rirnington, Reni 
Rise, Rison, Risun 
Ripplingkam, Riping 
Richard, see Askkam, 

108, 124 
M 



Rilston, Riles, Rilis 
Ripley, 23, 103 
Riseborougk, 25, 137 
Rookvdtk, Roc 
Roos, Rosse 
Romanby, Romuud 
Romanized names, 13 
Roall, Ruk 

Roebuck, 91, 108, 124 
Roberts, 115, see Hoot- 
on 
Rogertkorp, Rugar 
Rossal, Rusk 
Ross, 20, 152, see Sea- 
ton 
Rosset, Rosert 
Rongk, 120 
Rotherkam, Rodre, 73 
Rotkwell, Rode 
Rounton,Run,Ran,Ron 
Routk, Rutka, Rute 
Rousby, Roze, Rose 
Rowden, Rod, Rodun 
Rowlston, Roolf , Rolves 
Rowton, Rugke, Ruge 
Roxby, Roz 
Royston, Rores 
Rudston, Rode 
Rudby, Rode, 134 
Rudfarlington, Rofel 
Ruston, Ros, Rores 
Rust (Thornton) 57, 148 
Ruswick, Rise 
Ryedale (Maneskou)25, 

82, 87, 137 
Rykill, Rih 
Rysome, Rison 
Ryther, Ric, Ridr 
Ryton, Ri 

Sacton, San 

Sancton, Sant 

Sandburn, Sa'b 

Sand, 26, 105, see Hut- 
ton, &c. 

Sallev, Sawley, Sotl, 
Sail 

Salvin, 68, 114 

Saltaire, 6 

Santon, Sun, Santa 

Saxton, Sac 

Scar, 59, 148 



Scotton, 126 
Scriven, Scrav 
Scutterskelfe, Codr. 

Code 
Scackleton, Scac 
Scoreby, Scorne 
Scorbrougk, Scoger 
Scaggletkorp, Scacke, 

Scarche 
Scrayingkam, Scren, 

Escr 
Scostkrop, Scot 
Scawsby, Scalck, 

Sckalcke 
Scawton, Seal 
Scargill, Scracre, Sea- 

cre 
Scruton, Scum 
Scrafton, Scalf 
Seamer, 105 
Seaton, Set, See 
Selby, 60, 89, 98, 124, 

see Acaster 
Selside, Selesat 
Sessay, 17, 142 bis, Sez 
Sewerby, Siward 
Settle, Setel 
Settrington, Sendr 
Skackleton, Esck 
Skadwell, Scad 
Skafton, Seep 
Skeffield, Escaf, Scaf, 

Scev 
Skelf, Scelf 
Skelley, Scive, Seel 
Skepley, Scipe, Sep 
Skerburn, Scire, Sck 
Skeriff, see Hutton, 26, 

47, 105 
Skipton, Ep, Hip 
Skitlington, Scell,Sckel 
Skippen, Scip 
Skipley, Scip, 7 
Sicklingkall, Sidin? 

Siclin 
Silton, Silit, Silf 
Silsden, Sigles 
Sigston, 43 
Sinnington, Sevenic, 

Siver, Siuen, Siuer 
Silkston, Silckes 
Sinderby, Sener 



194 



PLACES NOT MENTIONED IN DOMESDAY 



Skelbrook, Scale 
Skelmanthorp, Scemel, 

Seel 
Skelton, Seel, Sch, Scil 
Skelden, Skeldon, 

Chenares, Neres, 95 
Skewsby, Scoxe 
Skeeby, Scbire 
Skellow, Scan 
Skelbrooke, Scale 
Skeckling, Skekling, 

Scacb 
Skackleton, Scach 
'Skelton, Scb, Schil 
Skerne, Skirne 
Skidby, Scbit 
Skipwith, Scb 
Skirpenbeck, Scar 
Skirlaugh, Scir, Scbir, 

Scbeile 
Skirlington, Scber 
Skibeden, Scip, Scbib 
Skipton, Scip, Schip 
Skerton, Scber 
Skintborp, Sc 
Skipsea (seeCleeton) 77 
Skyrack, Sirac 
Slade, 68, 114, see 

Hutton 
Slenningford, Sclen 
Slingsby, SeluDgs, 

Eslings 
Sledrnere, Slide, Led 
Slaideburn, Slate 
Snieaton, Smi, Smid, 

Smede, Smet, 43,103, 

142 
Snainton, Snecb 
Snaitb, Esnoid, 95, 103 
Sneculfcross, 154 
Snaygill, Snac, Snacbe 
Snydall, Snit 
Soutbburn, Sud 
Soutborp, 78, 165 
Sowerby, Sore, Soure 
Southacres, Sos, Sote 
Soutbcotes, Sote 
Sowber, Solberge 
Soutbwick, Sutb 
Spalding-Moor, 84, 154 
Spaldington, Spell 
Spaunton, Span 



Speeton, Spec, Spr 
Spennitborne, Spenni- 

torp 
Spofiortb, 74, 90 
Spi*oatley, Sprote 
Stakesby, Stax 
Stainton, Steye, Stei, 

Estein, Stein, Stan 
Stapleton,Staplen, Stop 

63, 111, Staplendun 
Stanwick, Stenweg, 

Stein, 54 
Stancil, Stein 
Staveley, Stan 
Stainfortb, Stran, Sten 
Starbotton.Starbottom, 

Stamph 
Stackbouse, Stacu 
Staxton, Stac 
Staiucross, 21, Stan 
Stainley, Stan,Nordstan 
Stainbum, Stan 
Stainlaud, Stan 
Stainsby, Steins 
Startfortb, Strad 
Steeton, Stive 
Stearsby, Stirs, Estires 
Steeple (Ainderby) 55, 

146 
Steward, 58, 149 
Stillington, Stivel 
Stilton. Tils 
Stittenham, Stid 
Sullingfleet, Steflin 
Stockeld, 74 
Stokesley, 24 
Stonegrave, Steine, 

Staine, Stane 
Storkbill, Estorch, 

Estoc 
Stotfold, Stod, Stof 
Street-tborpe, Stires, 

Scires 
Street (le) 18,25,47, &c. 
Streonsbalgb, 105 
Stricjriand, Sterc 
Stubbam, Stube 
Stubbs, Istop 
Studley, Stoll 
Stutton, Stant 
Sturton, Stret 
Stubbs, Walden, Eis 



Suffield, Sud 
Sntton, Sud, Su 
Sub, Monteni, under 

tbe Mount, 92 
Swale, 26, 54, &c. 
Swartb, Warte 
Swaytborp, Suau 
Swaiae, 116, 120, see 

Hoyland 
Swetton, Sua, Sual 
Swine, 81 
Swinton, Suin 
Swainset, Suen 
Swainby, Suan 
Swinden, Suin 

Tadcaster, Tate 
Tanton, Tame 
Tansbelf, Tates 
Tankersley, 98 
Tees, 51, &c. 
Terrington, Teur, 142 
Temple (Newsam), 63, 

111 
Tbarlesthorp, Toruel 
Tbeakston, 59, Eston 
Tbirkleby, Turgil, Tur- 

gis, Torcb, Turch, 

Tbirtleby, Torcbil 
Tbirnbv, Tiern 
Tbimbleby, Timb 
Tbirsk, Tresc, 26 
Tbirntoft, Tirn 
Tbixendale,Xisten, Sixt 
Tbong, 22 
Tboltborp, Turulfs, 

Turolv 
Tboralby, Tur, Turol, 

Turodes. Turalz 
Tboraldby,Toro,Turold 

Tural 
Tborlby, Tored 
Tborlestborp, Torul 
Tboresby, Tores 
Tborganby, Turgis, 

Turg 
Tbormanby, Torm, 

Turmoz, Torrnoz 
Tbornbrougb, Torne. 

Torneburne, 48, 143 
Tbornaby, Torm, Tur- 
moz, Torrnoz, Tormo 



OK SPELT VERY DIFFERENTLY. 



195 



Thornholme,Thir,Thir- 

non, Thorne, Torne 
Thornton, Gris, Torn, 

Toren, Gri, Torte 
Thornhill, Torn 
Thorner, Torn 
Thorngumbald, Torn, 

77, 163 
Thornthorp, Torgr 
Thorp, Torp, Torf, 

Tuadestorp 
Thorparch, Torp 
Threshfield, Tresc, 

Fresch 
Threlfield, Trel 
Throapham, Trap 
Thribergh, Tri 
Thurnhain, Tiern 
Thurnseve, Tern, Der- 

nies, Ternus 
Thurgoland, Turg, 

Tnrges 
Thurlston, Turolv, 

Turalf 
Thweng, Twenc 
Thurstanland, Tost 
Thurkleby, Turg 
Thwing, Tuenc 
Tickhill, Dadeslei 
Tinsley, Tmslawe, 

Tirnes 
Timble, Timbe 
Torrisholme, Tored 
Tocketts, Tosc, Toes 
Tollerton, Tolen 
Towthorpe,Toue, Forne 
Todwick, Tate 
Toulston, Togles 
Tong, Tuinc 
Toothill, Totel 
Tockwith, Tocvi 
Tyas, 121, 146, see 

Farnley. &c. 
Tunstall. Tone 
Troutsdale, Truz 
Tudworth, Tudef 

Ugglebarnby, Ugleber, 

Ulge 
XJlrome, Ulf 
Ulleskelf, Oleslec, 

Olesch 



Ulley, Ollei 
Uncleby, Unch, Ung, 

Unchelf 
Underdale, 29, 47, 161 
Underwood (Torp) 
Upsland. Ops, Upsale 
Upton, Ult 
Upsall, Upesh 
Upleatham, Upelid 
Ure, 58, &c. 

Wadsley, "Wade 
Waddington, Widi 
Walton, Wale 
Walkington, Walch 
Wales, Walis, 68 
Waldershelfe, Scev 
Wakefield, Wache 
Wallis(Burgb)63,64,113 
Walden (Stubbs) 64 
Walton, Walit 
Waghen, Wage 
Wandesley (Hutton) 
Warniswortk,Wermest, 

Werms, Wemes 
Warlaby, Werg, Werl 
Warley, Wer 
Warthill, Ward 
Warmfield, Warnes 
Wassand, Wads 
Watlas, 58, Wadl 
Wath, Wade,Wat, Wate 
Waxholme, Was, 

Washa' 
Wauldby, Walbi 
Weardlev, Wartle, 

Ward,' Wart 
Weeton, Wide, Widi 
Weighton, Wide, Wics, 

(Market) 
Weaverthorpe, Wifre, 

Wilfre 
Weel, Wela, Yela 
Welton, Welle 
Welham, Well, Wellon 
Welwick, 36, 162 
Welbnry, Welberg 
Wentwortk, Wint, 

Wintre 
Wensley, Wendr, 

Wentre 
Westwood, West 



Wetherby, W T edre 
Wharfe, 63, 113 
Wharram le Street, 

Warran, (Percy) 
Wheatley, Wate 
Wheldrake, Coldr, 76 
Wbeldale, Quel 
Wkenby, Quenne 
Wharinby, Quarmby 
Whip ley, Wipe 
Whixley Cuches, Cuse, 

Cruches 
Whittington, Wite 
Whitby, Wite, Preste, 

Sour, Flor 
Whorlton, Wirvel 
Whitstone, Cliffe, 86 
Whitley, Wite 
Winston, Wid, Wite, 

Wides 
W 7 hitkirk, 62 
Whitwood, 61, Wite 
Whit well, Wite 
Wibsey, Wibet 
Wickersley, Winer 
Widdington, Widet 
Wighill, Wichel 
Wiganthorp, Wich, 

Wiching 
Wigglesworth, Wicles, 

Winch 
Wigginton, Wichis 
Wike, Wyke,Wich,Wic 
Wilsthorpe, Wilstrop, 

Wifl, Wiles, Wivl 
Wilsill, Wifles, Wives 
Wilton, Wid, (Bishop) 
Willows, 48, 58, 149 
Willitoft, Wite, Wildit- 

oft, Wilgetot 
Wilsick, Wisel 
Winksley, Winch, Wich- 
ing 
Winestead, Wi', Win- 
stead, Wifes, Wives 
Wiske, 27, 55, 103, 146 
Winterburn, Witre 
Wildthorp, W 7 idun 
Willerbi, Wilgar 
Wintringham, Wentr 
Withernsea, Widforn, 
Witforn 



196 



COMPONENT PARTS : 



Withernwick, Widforn, 

Witforn 
Willoughby, 63, 113 
Witton, 58 
Winkton, Winclie 
Wolf reton , Ulvar , Ulf ard 
Wold, (Newton), 28, 

43, 94, 105 
Womersley, Ulm, Wil- 

mers 
Womb well, Wanb 
Wombleton, Winbel, 

Wilbe 
Wooldale, Ulve 
Wolley, VVoolley, Wilu 
Worsall, Were, Wee, 



Wercbes, Wirces 
Wortley, Wirt, Wirl, 

Wrl 
Worton, Wert 
Wothersome,Wode, 111 
Worrall, Wib 
Worsborough, Wirces 
Wragby, 64, 66 
Wrelton, Werel 
Wressel, Weresa 
Wykeham, Wicain.Wic, 

Wicb, Wicba' 
Wyke, Wike, Wic, 

Wicb 
Wyton, Wide 
Wycliffe, Witc 



Yafforth, Iaf, Eif 
Yapham, lap 
Yarm, Iar, Gerou 
Yarn wick, Gern 
Yateholrne, Yatholm, 

Holne, 22 
Yeadon, lad 
Yedingbam, 61 
Yearsley, Eures 
Yokefleet, Iugu, Iucu 
York, Eur, Ebor, Euruic 

110 
Yorkshire, Euric, Euruic 
Youlthorp, Aiul 
Youlton, Iole, Luc 



COMPONENT PARTS: 
SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



A, Ay, Ai 

A, Acaster 
A, Ars 
A, Ac 

Aber 

Abbe, Hab, Abe 

Abbey 

Ac, Augb, Aigb 

Ac, Oak 

Acbes, Ack 

Acbe, Eg, Aik 

Ack, Ai 

Ack, Ace, Ac 

Acbe, Hacb, Aik, Hag, 

Acke 
Ackl,Acl, Eckl, (Ulcbel, 

tbe owner, ) Hacle, 

Lacl, Acbel 
Aculfs, Acules, Aggie 
Acres, Acre, Ac 
Addle, Adulfes,Ardulfes 
Adelinges, Adling, Ellin 
Adding, Edi, Edid, 

Oding 
Ad, Hade, Ade 
Ade witb 
Ag, Hage, Age 
Agnes 
Aimundre, Amotber, 

Edniundre 
Ains, Eines, Annes 



Aiul, Youl 

Ain, Ane 

Airmin,Arrnin,Ermenia 

Aire, Are 

Ainder, Eindre, Endre, 

Aindre, Andre 
Airy, Ery, Erg 
Aisla, Aslacbes, Asulves 
Aismunder, Hasbund, 

Asmunder 
Ai, Ay, ey, sey, ey 
Ais, Ecbes 
Aikils, Eccles, Egles 
Ains, Anes, Ans, Annes 
al, hala, all, bale, sail 
alf, cal 
al, lie, ley 
al, el. del, dal 
Aid, Hold, Ade 
Alcbes, Auck 
al, bill 

Aid, Alden, Old 
Aiding 
alf, al 
Aluen, Alwin, Ella, 

Alven, Alueng, El- 

ving, Alwen 
Alwerde, Eller, Alward, 

Alverd 
Aller, Aire, Aluer, Alver, 

Elle, Ellre, Alwares, 



Alfre, Alvre, Erleves, 

Herleves 
Alwold, Alwood 
Alines, Helmes 
Alves, Allers, Alvres,. 

Aluers 
Alne, Arn 
Alch, Alces, Auck 
Alvengi, Ella 
Almond, Almane 
Alstanes, Auston 
am, bam, un, on, bolme,. 

um, ym, an 
Ame, Em (Almund) 
Ambre, Hammer 
Ample, Ampre, Ambre 
Ane, Anes, Ones, An 
Ansgot, Osgod, Asgoz 
Andre, Andrew 
Anlaf, Unlov, Anla, 

Umlove 
Ande 
Apel, Apple, Epple, 

Apul, Aple 
Ards, Erds 
Ar, Air, Er 
Ar, Ard, Hard 
Arcbes, (a family) Arch 
Arken, Argben, Arcbe 
Arm, Ernulfes, Ernie 
Arn, Ern, Arnes, L'ern 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



197 



Arp, Harp 

Arnolds, Arnods 
Arthing, Ardin, Hardinc 
Arr, Arg, Argh 
Ark, Erg, Arks, Arches 
Arg, Ery, Erg, An-, Ary 
Arm, Einulfs, Arnulfs 
Argo, carr, arc 
Asc, Ask, Asck, Asche, 

Eske, Esc, Hasse, 

Hase 
Ascolfs, Scolfs, Sclof 
Aschel, Hais, Aschels 
Aschiles, Aschil, Assel, 

Exil 
As, Es, Ash, (Barkston 

Ash) 
Ascornp, Scornes 
Ase, Eas, Ese, Asen 
Asel, Hessle 
Aser, Azer, Haser, Asser 
Aslach, Aisla 
Asten, Elstern 
Asmundre, Osinother 
Asen, Estanes 
Atter, Ate 
Au, Ele 
Aus, Osse 
Auster, Oustre 
Austan, Ows, Alstan 
Audlin, (Thorpe) 
Augh, Hac 

Aust, August, East, Oust 
Ax, esch, Ays, Eches 
Bab 

Badres, Battrix, Batters 
Bads, Bades 
Bade 

Bag, Bage 
Bagen, Bayen, Bain 
Bail, Bel 

Balches, Belker, Bel 
Baldre, Balders 
Bald, Bold 
Balle, Bal, Bel, Belle, 

Ball, Bal 
Bank (family) , 

bar, bi 
Bar, Bere, Ber, Bare, 

Berne, Bern, Barn 
Barn, Barm, Barns, 

Berne, Berne 



Bardulf, Barl, Bardolf 
Bard, Berde, Berret, 

Bards, Bereles 
Barrow, bergh 
barn, berdes 
Barche. Bark, Barkis, 

Barches, Barks 
Barnolds, Bernulfs 
Barugh, Berg, bargh, 

borrow, Berch 
Barna, Bernode 
bar, burgh, Barch 
Barcher, Bar 
Barning, Berning 
Barks, Barkis 
Barms, Benes 
Bare, Brear, Brare 
Ba, Bas 
Base, Bes 
Bat, Bath, Bate 
Basches, Bax 
Basing, Bessing 
Basset. (Thorpe) 
Re, Begale, Beal 
Be, Bee, Bi, Biu 
Beams, Hemes, Bethmes 

Bomes, Bedmes 
Ben, Bemp 

Benic, Benning, Benni 
Beg, Bey, Bew 
Becca 
beck, bee 
Bened, Bent, Benes, 

Benet, Bene 
Beller, Beige 
Bees, Bes 
Beil, Bele, Bel 
Beadl, Bodl 
Beans (le), seeThornton 
Bedd, Bith 
Bergh, Bury, Borrow, 

Berge, Ber, Bur, 

Burg, Bere 
Berie, Baragh, Burgh, 

Bergue 
Bere, Birch, Ingbirch, 

brough 
bers, Lebbers 
Bern 

Bes, Base 
Bewer, Beure, Bevre, 

Bever 



Best, Besth 
Bergulves, Bergolfs, 

Bergol 
Bernold, Barna 
Berchin, Birkin, Birk, 

Brete, Berchige 
Bicher, Bichre, Bicker, 

Bicre 
Binge 
Bierlow, Byerlaw, Bir, 

Bier 
Bing, Billing 
Bil. Bille, Mile, Bise, 

Mil 
Bi, By, Bege 
Bir, Bur, Bor 
Binning, Bigne, Binne 
Birst, Berist 
Birnebe, Brim 
Birds, Brides, Brites, 

Bird 
Bishop, Bisp, Biscop 
Blands, Blande 
Blater, Bla, Blaten 
Black, Blake 
blow, blowers 
Bodel, Bol, Bade, Bode, 

Bootle, (Bot-hillj 
Boch, Buck 
Bolle, Boul, Bowl, Bole, 

Bui, Bol 
Boy, Boge, Bois, Bosk 
Bonne, Gun, (Bouville) 
Boles, Bui 

Bolt for Holt, (vice- 
versa) 
bolt, bald 
Bor-dal, Bor-dle 
Borough, brough, burg, 

broc, burgh, bud, 

borg,borc, burc,borgh 
Bor, Bur, Burch, Borch, 

Burrow, Burge 
Borne, burn, brune, 

brun, burun 
Bouin, Boyn 
Bow, Boll, Bole 
Boss, Bosci, Bos, 

(Botolph's) 
Boy, Bui 
Brache, Brecken, 

Bracken 



198 



COMPONENT PAKTS '. 



Brace, Brais 

Brad, Brade 

Braf, Brat 

Braith, Brad, Brade 

Brage, Brave, Braw 

Bram, Braham, Brame, 

Braam, Bran 
Brands, Brans, Brantis, 

Branz 
Bran, Bramp, Bram, 

Brans 
Branting, Brenting, 

Brending, Brant, 

Brent, Breting, Bred, 

Bret 
Bray, Bret, Bre 
Brenings, Barnes 
Brecca 

Bret, Brid, Bridl 
Breigh, Bris, Brics 
Bred, Bur, Burd 
Bre, Bur, Bir 
Bring, Brig, Brign, 

Bringhen 
Brines, Brins, Brine, 

Burn, Brun, Brune, 

Brin, Bronip 
Brier, Bres 
brigg, bruge 
bridge (Ferry) Brig- 
bouse 
Brinnis, Burnis 
Bryning, Brune 
brougb, burn, borne, 

bud, brook, bro, broc, 

Brot, Bros 
Brods, Brodes, Brccbes 
brougb, changed to 

torp, vice-versa 
Bryan, see Askham 
Brox, Brech 
botton, pbotne 
Brost, Burst, Brogs 
Bub 
Bug, Bucbe, Bughe, 

Bu 
Bui, Boles, Bole 
Busche, Bus, Busk, 

Bush 
Butter, Butr, But 
Buscel, Bustel 
Bywater (Allerton) 



Cat,Cate, Cating,Catte, 

Ca, Coting, Catin, 

Catb, Catt, Cade 
Catbr, Catre, Catter, 

Cadre, Graf 
Caster, Castre, Chester 
Carna, Cberend, Carn, 

Cbren 
Cald, Cold, Calde, Cal, 

Calden, Crade 
Cants, Cantes 
Car, Care, Cay, Carr, 

argo, ker, arc, cher 
Calges, Calais, Kelley, 

Caleys 
Calder 

Cavil, Cbevet 
Calve, Caw, Cal, Calver, 

Caver, Cover 
Cante (Knut). Canutes, 

Chenec, Chenuthes, 

(Kenneth) 
Card, garth 
Cahos, Cows 
Carl, Carle, Car, Carel, 

Carlen, Carles 
Cave 

Camer, Canierin 
Cainge, Keying, Chaing 
Castel, Caste(l) 
Caniise 

Cay,Cai,Caini,Chet Che 
cal, alf, calf, lake 
Cal, Caw 
Cap, Kep 
Car-per, Chir-per 
Canibles, Canbes, 

Games, Gamels, 

Ca'bes, Cameles 
Camp, Cans 
Cart, Cheter, Chet 
Cev, Chev 
Celes, Chel 
Cez, Kex 
Ches, Kes 
Chersin, Grassing 
Chere, Gar 
Chell,Kell, Cheue,Chel, 

Chil, Keel 
Chelp, Kilp 
Chelvinc, Kilving, 

Chelvin 



Chelde, Keld 
Chetels, Kettles, Chettle 
Chelche, Kelke 
Chelchis, Melsis, Mal- 

sis, Cheldis 
Cherch, Kirk, Chirche, 

Cherc, Cherca (Cherd. 

for Cherc-1) 
Cherets, Gaten 
Cherry, see Burton 
Chel, Ken 

Chemel, Gembl, Gamel 
Chere, Kenny 
Cheling, Keeling, Kiln, 

Chelin, Kelling 
Chenuic 
Chenares. Chneres, 

Neres. Knares 
Cheles, Kels 
Chenive, Knay,Chennie 
cher, ker 
Chenuthes, Cnut, see 

Canute 
Chetes, Kex, Cheze, 

Chize 
Chere, Kere 
Chene, Killing, Keneue 
Chellinc, Kelling, 

Chilling 
Chicke, Keigh 
Chichel, Hickle 
Chides, Guis 
Chid, Kid 
Chigoge, Chigo 
Chiber, lumber 
Chille, Kild, Chil, Kil 
Chile, Kiln, Chil, Chilnes 
Chilvert, Killer, Chil- 

word, Chilverts, 

Chilves, Chilvestre 
Chines, Kins, Chine, 

Kin, Chins, Chin 
Chip, Kep, Kip, Chipp- 
ing, Chipin 
Chipe, Kipe, Gip, 

Chiper 
Chipel, Kipl 
Cive, Kive 
Clay, Clai, Clac 
Clax 

Clare, Clar 
Claro, see Borch 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



199 



Clap, Clape 

Claugh, Clac 

Clack, Cleck 

Cleas, Cles 

Clee 

Cleding, Knedl, Cled 

Cleveland, Clifflond 

Clev, Cleav, Clevinde, 

Cleaving 
Clif, Clive, Cliff 
clive changed to ley 
Clinibi, Kipling, Clinbi 
Clint 

Clother, Clud 
Clough, Cloc 
Cnape, Knap, Cnap 
Cnit (Knight) 
Cock, Coc 
Codre, Scutter, Codres, 

Cother 
Cod 

Coe, Cough, Cop 
Cogr, Crooni, Crog, 

Cro'un, Crogun, Croy 
Cold, Cald 
Col, Cow, Cole, Co, 

Coles. Cows 
Col, Whel 
col, kew 
Col, Cor 
Cole, Coin, Cowl, Coll, 

Col 
Col, Cull, Culling 
comb, um 
Comp, Con 
Conis, Cunes, Cuninges, 

Coninges, Coneghes, 

Coinings, Counges, 

Coneys 
Conon, Cutne 
Constable 
Cook, Cuch 
Conyers* 

Cop, Cope, Copman 
Copt. Hade (Hewick) 
Corle, Corn 
Corte, Cote 
Corke, (? Kirk) 
Cornel, Quarm, Wharm 
Coates, Cotes, Kex 
Cotting, Coting, Cot, 

Cote 



Cover 

Cow, Cud 

Crake, Chrach, Crec, 

Crache, Creic, Crayke 
Cra 

Crans, Cranz 
Crambe, Cranb, Crame 
Craven, Crave' 
Creves, Creues, Keres 
Criggles, Criges 
Crimbles, Crimeles 
Crinle, Clives 
Croches, Crooks, Crocs 
Croft 

Crof, Scrof 

Crog, Croom, see Cogr 
Crop 

Cross, Crox, Crois 
Crunk, Crumbe 
Cruches, Whix, Cuse, 

Cuches 
Cud, see Cow 
Cum (with, joined with) 
Cumber 
Cun 

Cus, Scusce 
Cuze, Cuse, Cus 
Cue, Cox 
Cur, Car, ker 

Dal, dale, del, den, dall, 

el, all 
dal, changed to stal, 
vice-versa, to hale, 
hall 
Dar, Der 
Dene, Den. see dale, 

Dean 
Dan, Dane 

Darring, Darnin, Darni 
Dades, Tick, Tades 
Dacre 

Deigh, Dis, Die 
Dena, Degene, Deneye 
Den, see dale, changed 

to Dun and vice-versa 
Dearne (River) 
den, changed to don, 

or dun and vice-versa; 

also to ton and to lau 
Derwent 
Deep, Depe 



Dews, Deus 
Dermes, Thurns 
Diche, Dike, Die 
Die, Dickering 
Dighel, Difgeli, Duggle 

(? Dougald) 
Dimling, Dimel 
Dins, Digues, Dimes, 

Dines, Thirns 
Ding, thing, Ting, Tyn 
Didders, Dirdres, Dirds 
Dish, Dis 
don changed to ton, 

and den, and ham, 

and dur, and vice- 
versa ; see Dun 
Don (River) 
Donni, Dunning, Dodin, 

Domni, Dinning, 

Dunni, Dunin 
Dods, Dod, Dodes 
Done, Duns 
Dow, Dwe 
Drac, Drake, Drax, 

Draugh 
Dragmale, Dromon, 

Dromond 
drake, drid 
Drew, Drow 
Dreb, Drebe 
Drif, Dri, Drig (Deira) 
Dri, Dry, Drit, Drid 
Drigling, Drighling, 

Dreslin 
Dring 
Duf, Du 
dun, dune, don, down, 

durun 
dun, don changed to 

ton and to den, and 

vice-versa 
Duns, Dunes 
E,Hea, ea,ei, ey , sea,sey 
Ea = water, Ea, El 
Ea = Hea, high 
Eas, Es = east 
E, Et 

E, Eg, Ache 
Eas, Ese, Es, As, Esin, 

Ase, Easing 
East, Aust, August, Es, 

Ese, Est, E, Eas 



200 



COMPONENT PARTS : 



Eastr, Estr 

Easing, Hesin, Eisice, 

Eisinc 
Earls 

Ears, Edres 
Eaves, Eves 
Ebbers, Edbriz 
Ech, Ec, edge 
Ecbes, E«jes, Ays, Ais 
Eccles, Ecles, Aikils, 

Egles 
Ecc, Ech 

ech for ley, and vice- 
versa 
ed, ille 
ed, et 
Eddie, Gedwales, Gud- 

wales 
Edes, Hens, Eds, Edres 
Edid, Adding 
Edelels, Ethels, Els 
Edling, Eilin, Ellin 
Edmundre, Amother 
Eddie, Eduardes 
Eg, Ege 
Eggles, Eghis 
Eindre, Aindre, see 

Ainder 
Eincle, see Ingle, Engle 
Eins, Ains 
ei, ey, ea, ai, saie, sey, 

Ya 
Eld, Hel 

Eles, El, Els, Est 
Elde, Ecin, Hella 
el, ill 
Ella, Alvengi, Aluen, 

Alwin. Elving 
Elling, Ellin 
El-naete, Elm-et 
Elmes, Ermes, Ems, 

Helmes 
Ellen, Halwid, Elwin 
Eller,Alverde, Elworde, 

Alward 
Eller, Eire 
Ellin, Adelinges 
Ele, Au 
Elgen, Ellough 
Elpe, Helper 
Els, hills 
Elstein, Asten 



Em, Ame, em, ome 

Emb, Embs 

en, ern, ham, ing 

Engle, Ingle 

Ep, Ship 

Eple, Apple 

Erds, Ards, Ardis 

Erg, Ery, ergh, Arg 

Erles, Herles, Harles 

Erlevs, Aller 

Ermenia, Armin 

Erin, Arm (Orm, Almias) 

ert, et 

Erse, Hars 

er, oure 

Ergum, Erg 

Ernulfes, Arm 

Erne, Arn, Harn, L'arn 

Esler, Hesler 

Eske. Asche, Esch, ax, 

Esk, Es, Hex, eas 
Esh, Ash, Es, As 
Estorch, Stork, Estoch 
Eslin, Hesling 
Es, Theaks 

Estein, Stain, Estanes, 
Asen,Estan, East, stain 
Esd, Hes, Esdes 
Eschalche, Shackle 
Eslinges, Slings 
Estires, Stears 
Esele, Hasle 
Esca, Sheff 
Esnoid, Snaith 
Es, East 
Es, As, Ese, Ase 
Estoll 
Et 

et, heved, head, eve 
Eters 
Etts 
Eure, Yor, Yore, Eures, 

Ures, Years, Ear 
Evering 

Ever, Evr, Eure 
Exil, Aschil 

falde, fold, falds, felt 

Fad, fade 

farm 

Fals, Wales, Vals 

Farman, Farmanes 



Fang, Frang 

Fars, Fersel 

Far, Fer 

Farn, Fern, Far 

Farl, Farel 

Fair, Fare 

farling, fellin 

Face, Feiz (Feks), 

Foites, Fez, Feches, 

Fix 
Fear, Feder 
Fere, Ferri, Fereia, 

Ferry, Feres, Ferrens, 

Eerie 
feld, held, weld, felt, 

velt, well 
Fen 

Feathers, Feres, Fredes 
Fellis, Felges (Felix) 
Felix, Fride 
Fes, Fax 
Fews, Fos, Fous 
Fir, Frede 
Fin, Fine 
Fish, Fix, Fisc 
Fif?c, Fiyc, Fylling, 

Figel, Fyl, Fiiie, Fi, 

Fiu, Fuce 
Fitl, Fidl 
firth 

Flax, Flates, Flas 
Flam, Flane 
Fled, Flet, Fleet, fluet, 

flot, (sometimes felt) 
Fleus, Flix 
Flemming, Fleming 
Flen, Flin 
Flock, Floch 
Flor, Flower 
Flotman 
Ford, forth, furth, furt, 

for, fer, forbe 
Fogga, Fulcar 
Force, Fos, Foss, Fors, 

Fod, Fox 
Fools, Fuls, Fugeles, 

Fule, Ful, Fole 
Forne, see Widforn, 

Withern, see Tow 
ford changed to worth, 

and vice-versa ; also 

to wood 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



201 



Forest 

Fosc, see Folk, Fulch ; 

possibly Fawkes, 

Yaux, Falc 
Folk, Fulch 
Frais, Fresting, Fres 
Frem 
Fri, Fry, Fridars, Fride, 

Fridays (Freda) 
Frick, Frice, Frich, 

Fi-eckle, Freeh el 
Frot, Frod, Froding 
Fris, Frys 
Full 

Fresck, Thresh 
Fur 

gall, gala 

Gamels, Games, Cam- 

bles, Gembl, Chemel, 

Ghemel 
Gan, Galme, Game!, 

Gagen, Gay en 
Galtres, Galtre, Girles, 

Gerles, Gait, Gal 
Gar, Gere, Ghere, Inger 
Gard, Gerd 
Garrow, Gheruenz, 

Geruez 
garth (also card-scard) J 
Garris, Gerdes 
Gaten, Ghetenes, 

Chenets 
Gate, Yate, ghet, et 
Ger, Yar 
Germunds, Gemmund, 

Insman, Gemuns 
Gerlin, Girliug 
Geve, Given 
Gen, Gow 
Geren, Grin 
Gedwales, Eddie 
Gerne, Arn, Yarn, (Ger- 

nan the ownei) 
Gerle, Ger, Girl, Gerles 
Geures, Lovers 
Gerse, Grease 
Gedlmges, Gilla 
Ghellinghes, Gilling 
Ghil, gill, Ghel, Gilling, 

gell 
gill changed to hall 



Ghise, Gis 

Ghiges, Guis, Chiges, 

Gighes, Gise, Guise, 

Ghise, Gis 
Ghive, Give 
Ghersinc, Gressing 
Gheue, Gow 
Gherin, Given, Goin, 

Grin 
Ghigels, Giggles 
Ghinipe, Knipe, Gnip, 

knype 
Gip, Chipe, Cipe, 

Chiper, Cip 
Glass 
Glus 

Gleas, Glasser 
Gold, Gold, Golds, 

Godes, Gol, Godenes 
Gol, Goul, Go, Gou 
Gol,Guthlacs,Gudlages 
Gomers, Gomes 
Goodman, Godmund, 

Gudmund 
Goosen, Gusans 
Golse, Gox 
grave, grif , grove, gram, 

grem, greave, Graf, 

grip 
Grass, Ghers, Gersing, 

Chersin 
Grange 

Grans, Grenz, Grentes 
Grace, (Mount) 
Grant, Grent 
Graf, Cadre 
Gra, Cra 
Greas, Greese, Gris, 

Grise, Gresse, Gri, 

Greece, Greis, Girs, 

Grese 
Great, Magna, Michel, 

Mickle 
Green, Grene, for grip 
Greet, Gre 
Grewel 
Gren, Grin 
Grin, (Crin the owner) 

Grinda, Grim 
Grimes, Grims, Grim 
Grib, Gripe, grif 
Gris, Girs, Giise 



Grin die, Gretlin 
gum (bald) 
Guise, Guys, Gise 
Gun, Bonne 

Hab, Habe, Abbe, Abe 

Hade, Ad, He, Ha 

Hade, Copt 

Hai, Hea, Hei, Hat, 
Ha, He, Hay, E 

Haghe, Haggen, Hag- 
ende, Hayen 

Hack, Hage, Ache, 
Hac, Augh 

Hacle, Ackl 

Hais. Aschel 

Haigh, Hale 

Hain, Hagen, Haged 

hall changed to dall, 
dale, and vice-versa, 
also to ow and shelf 

hala.hall, see sail, hale, 
hal, shal, all, ill, il 

Hal, Hall, Halle, Al 

Hald, Haldis, Holds, 
Hold, Aid 

Halme, Hawn 

Halwide, Eller 

Hals 

Hal, Hough 

Halli,Hali,Helli,Ha?lge, 
Helge, Hella, Hety, 
Hel (Eldj Elge 

Hale, Heal, (Hea) 

halgh, holf 

hall, hale changes to 
ley, also to gill, and 
vice-versa, also to low 

Haan, Heming, Hami 

Hal, Hatel, Har 

Hal, Har 

ham, ha', em, um, un, 
en, on, haim, u', aim 
om am an ham be- 
comes holme & vice- 
versa; also tun, ton 

Hamels, Hems, Helms, 
Elmes 

Ham, Hone, Hane, Hon 

Hamel, Hamble 

Hammer, Hanbre, 
Hamer, Ambre 



202 



COMPONENT PARTS : 



Han, Hang 

Haneche 

Hands, Handes 

Hanging 

Hart, Hert, Her 

Har 

Harp, Arp 

Hardinc, Arthing 

Harn, Heme, Erne 

Harl, Herle, Herels, 

Harls, Herse, Erie 
Hars, Er?e 
Har, Here 
Hare 
Hartliug, Herlin see 

Hart 
Hard 

Hase, Hessle, Asel 
Hashund, Aistnunder 
Hasch, see Hais 
Hasel, Hesler, Hasle, 

Hesle, Hessle, Hesel, 

Hasel, Esele 
Haser, Azer 
Haslin, Hesling, Hesl 
Hasse, Aske 
Hat, Hed, Hai, Hei 
Haws 
Hawks, Henoches, 

Hoches, Hauoces, 

Haux 
Haw, Howe 
Hax 
Heading, Hea-ding, 

Hed-ing, hede 
Heldews, Hils 
Heldre, Holder 
Helnies, Ems, Elmes 
Helper, Elpe, Hilper, 

Ilpre 
helle, hill, belt, '1, al, 

hell, heles, helde 
He hey 
hea, hee, hie, high, E, 

Het 
Heath, Higre 
Heb, Hep 
He! became Eld in 

Eldwick, Hella 
Helde, Hal 
Helsing 
Heinde, Hinde, Inde 



Hep, Hea, Heppe 
Hes, Esd, Hesde 
Hess, Heys 
Hemling, Himelige, 

Himel 
Hessle, Hes, Hessel, 

Eslin 
Herles, Erles 
Hex, Es 
Heite, Holt 

Hens, Edes, Edres, Hen 
heved, head, it 
Hesley 
Hems, Hilme 
Hesler, Esler 
Hesin, Easing 
Hish 

Hilda,Hilde,Helde,Ilcle 
Hils, Hildoves 
hills, els, Hil, Ille, el, le 
Hindre 

Hippie, Hips, Hipl 
Hilche, II 
Hilder, Hilger, Hinder, 

Hilgre, Ildre 
Hivp, Hid 
Hilden, Hildinges, 

Ildinges 
Hickle, Chichel, Ichel 
Hip, Ship 
Hipper, Huper 
Ho, Hou, Hu, Hoo 
Ho, Hut, Hot, Hoo 
Hod, Hot 
Holt, Elt, changed to 

Bolt, how 
Hold, Hot, how 
holme, on, un, ol, hulme, 

olme,um, home, Horn, 

Holmp, also changed 

to ham, and vice-versa 
holes, el 
hole, Hoyle, hoi 
Hoi 

Holmp, Ulm, Holme 
Hodder 
Hoy, Hoi, Hoc, Hough, 

Ho 
Hode, Hoth 
Horn, Horen, Horni, 

Horning, Hore, 

Horninc 



Hough, Howe, Houe, 

Hou, Ho, how, Ou 
Hop, hope, up 
House, ose, us, Hus 

Hows 
Hor, Or 
Hors, Hose 
Hoste, Ovvst 
Hopper, Horn, Homp, 

Hopre 
Houg, Hougen, Holme 
Hov, Hoving 
How, Hoi 
Howard 
Horts, Harts 
Hub, Hubber, Hu 
Huds, Udres, Hndres 
Hudders, Oders, Others 
Hugh, Hug, Hu 
Humble, Umel, Humel 
Humber 
Hun, Huns, Hunsing, 

Hulsing, Huls, Hols, 

Ulsig 
Hum 

Hundeman, Hunman 
Hunds, Huns, Hundres 
Hundred, Hundret, 

Hunder, Hundreds 
Huudulfs 
Hunt 

Huntin, Hunting 
Hunchil, Uncle, Uncles, 

Huddles, (Hunchil the 
owner) 

la, ya, ea, Yea 

Iar, Yar 

lap, Yap 

Ianulfs, Ows 

Iaf, la, Ya(f) 

Ide, Idle 

ige, ick 

llche, II, Hilche 

Ilde, Hilda 

Udings, Hilden 

Ilk,Ulic,Alican, Llecan, 

Olicana 
ill, il, hall, el, hill ed 
ing (final syllable) 
ing (middle of the word) 
in, ing, inc, ling, en 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



203 



ingas 

Ingman, Gemuns 

Ingle, Engle, Eincle, 

Ingolds, Ingulfs, In- 

gulves, Ingles 
Inskip 
Inde, Heind 
Ingbirch 

Indre, Ildre, Hinder 
Ing, Ucne 
Ivger (for Gar) 
in, ham, inc, ing, wick 
Ir, Ire 
Iole, Youl 
Isle, Isel 
Istop, Stubbs 
Iugu, Iucu, Yoke 

Jaglin, see Purston, 118 

Kel, Chel, Kels, Chels, 

Kell 
Keld, Cheld 
Keel, Chel, Chil 
Kell -ing, Chelin 
Kelk, Kel, Chelch 
Kelley, Calges, Calais 
Kear, Kere, Chere 
Keigh, Chiche 
Ken, (Kennet) 
Kenny, Chere 
Kes, Ches 
Kep, Chip, Cap 
Ker, cher, sker, cur, car 
Keres, Creues, Creves 
Kew, skew, col, cough 
Kettle, Chetels 
Keying, Cainge, Chaing 
Kex,Cotes,Ceze,Chetes, 

Chize 
Kid, Chid 
Kiln, Chelin g, Chile, 

Chiln 
Kilving, C halving, 

Chelvinc, Chelvin 
Killer, Chilver, Chil- 

verts, Chilvord, Chil- 

vestre 
Kil, Chil, Chill 
Kild, Chille, Childe 
Killing, Kiling, Cheni 
Kilpin, Chelp 
Kip, Chip 



Kin, Chin, Kins, Chines 

Kimber, Chiber 

Kipl, Chipel, Kip 

Kipling, Climbi 

Kip, Skip 

Kive, Cive 

Kirk, Chere, Chirche, 

Cherch 
Knares, Chenares 
Knap, Cnap 
Knay,Chenive, Keneue, 

Chennic 
Knee, Na 
Knotting, Noting, Not- 

ting 
Knight, Cnit 
Knipe, Ghinipe, Gnip 
Knowle, Cnol 
Kyme 
lac, ley, lag, lage, lege, 

lay, ley 
lag, lac, lacbe, cal, lake, 

slack, laige, sey 
lai, ley, lei. lie, lade, la 
Lad, layt, Lathe, Lade 
Lachen,Lacken, Lachin 

Leckon, Lache 
las, les 
Laugh, le, lai, laga, 

Las, ley 
Laugh 

Lay, Lachas, Lat 
Lazen, Leising, Lesing, 

Leisenc, Laisin, 

Leizing 
land, lant, Ian, lont, 

Landmoth 
lau became dene 
Lax, Laxin 
Lang, Lan, Langhe, 

(changed to low) 
L'acl, Ackl 

lau, lawe (ley in mis- 
take), low, lou, lai 
Larting, Lertin, Lart, 

Lert 
Lasting, Lesting 
Lang, Lanb, Long 
Lays, Leches 
Lavre, Laver 
Lan, Lone, Lune, Lon, 

Lons 



Leake, Lece, Leche, 
Leek, Locking 

Lebbers, Ledbez 

Leath, Lid, Lider, 
Lythe, Lede, lide y 
Leat, lid', Lyth, 
Lithe, Lied 

le as in le street = the 

Leal, Lei 

Leaven, Ledl,Ledlinghe 
Leven 

Lea, lee, lei, leie, ler, 
ley, le, lege, Li, Lit, 
(changed to hal, al r 
clive 

lecan, Ilk, Olican 

Lede, Sled, Leek, Leid r 
Lied 

Leeds, Ledes, Leds, 
Loidis, Lead, Led 

lee, skeif 

let, slet 

Leonard 

Levet 

Levetot, Leutat, Live- 
tots 

Levis, Leuec, Lewec 

Leving, Len, Leve 

Leofrs, see Livers 

L'ern, Arn 

Lepin, Lepping, Lep 

Lelley 

Less, Liss 

Leece, Lies 

Ling, Lin 

Lind, Lin, Lil 

lin, Hug, (or ing, in r 
ingas, family or tribal 
name) 

ling for ing, and vice- 
versa 

Lilling, Lilinga, Lill,LiL 

lif, lith. liff, cliff 

Lip, Lin 

Little, Sciteles 

Livers, Leofrs, Livre 

Loft, Loct, Lot 

Lock, Loche, Loche, 
Locking 

Low, Loghe, Loge 

Lovers, Luvres, Luures r 
Geures 



204 



COMPONENT PARTS I 



Lont, Lund 
Lodres, Lothers 
Lon (? Long) 
Londes, Lodens 
low changes to hall 
Lythe, Lithe, see Leath, 

Lede 
Luc, Youl 
Lud, Lut 
Lup, Lnpe 

Manne, Mann, Magne, 
(Latinized), Mannes, 
Man 

Magna, Michel, Great 

Mai, Maul, Malg 

Mai, Mel 

Mans, Manz 

Malt (Malet ?) 

Malzeard 

Malbis 

Manes, Mans, Mens, 
Man, Mane, Maines 

Malche 

Maimer, Melmer 

Malsen, Melson 

Maple, Mapple 

Marde, Martre, Mar, 
Merde, Marthe 

Mange, Marrick 

Marken, Merch, Mark- 
ing, Merchin 

Mare, Mere, Mire, Mar, 
Mars, Mers, Merse, 
Mer 

Mareis, Mersc, Mersch, 
Mares,Marske,Marsk 
Mesc, Marishes 

Marr, Marra, Marl 

Mas 

Market 

Mauleverer 

Mare. Mell 

Maxudes 

Melt, ( certainly not 
from Mel, honey, and 
not so named by the 
Romans! ) 

.Mel,Medel,Merel,Midel 
Middle, Mith, Myth, 
Metel, Met, Milde, 
Milden 



mell 

Mede, Meth 
mer, mere 
Mene, Mennis 
Melling 
Mele, Mow 
Mensing, Mersinc, 

Mens 
Melse, Meaux 
Melmer 
mer, see mare, mere, 

sea 
mete 
men, min 
Mex, Meches 
Melsis, Malsis, Chelchis 
Michel, Mickle, Mucel, 

Magna, Great 
Mid, Mith, Myth, Midel, 

Mit 
Mil, Bil, Mile, Milde 
Miniot 
Mi, My, Mit 
Misper 
Mire, Mir 
Mille, Milling, Mill 
Midg, Mic 
Min, Mine 
Michael's (St.) 
Mint, Munet 
Mole, Moles, Mol, Moul 
Moor, More, Mor, Mur, 

Mir, Moors 
Monn, Monk, Monech, 

Monuch, Mono 
Montem, (sub.) 
Moorside 
Morthen (en le) in the 

Morthen 
Mort 
Morell 

Moth, Mot,Morth, Mort 
Moss 
Mow, Mule, Mul, Mu 

(lede) 
Mox, Mosche, Molsce, 

Molz 
Mus 
Myers 

Na, Knee 
Nadfar, Naffer 



Nate 

Nagrhel, Naw, Nagel, 

Nayel 
Nace, Nes, Ness, Nesse 
Nap 
Nar, Neres, Knares, 

Chenares 
Nether, Nidder 
Ness, neisse, (News in 

mistake probably,) 

Nesse 
Neu, New, Niue, Niwe, 

Nichue 
News, Neus 
Nic (Knight) 
Nidd, Nit, Nidder, 

Nether, Nith 
Nonuinc, Nunning. 

Nonne, Nun, Noning 
Nor, Nord, North, Nort 

(Or, in mistake), Not 
Norman, Norme 
Noth, Nutt, No, Notele, 

Nuttles 
Nostell, Osele, Osle 
Noting, Knotting 

Oak, Ac, Ocker 

0, oe, hou, ou, houe, 
Oue, Hough, Ou, Ule 

Och, Oc 

Odulfs 

Oders, Hudders, 

Huthers 
Oding, Adding 
Ogle, Ogles, Oceles 
Oles, Olles, Ulles, Ouls, 

Ulves 

01, Ul 
ol, holme 
old, holt 

ome, ham, un, em, omb, 
on, oom, om, am 

Ones, Anes, Ounes 

ope, up, op, hope 

Ops, Ups 

Or, Hor, Our, ore, (see 
Over,) oure, er 

Or, Nort 

Ormes 

orde, worth 

Osbald, Osbold 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



205 



Osgold, Osgot, Ansgot, 

Osgod, Asgoz 
Osmother, Asmunder, 

Asmundre 
Osle, Nostell, Oss, Osele 
Oswy, Sway 
Oswalds 
Ost, Owst 
ose, house 

Osi, Ox, Os, Osse, Aus 
Oscitles, 'Sciteles 
Ottering, Otrege, Ot- 

reng, Otrin, Ottring, 

Otrinc, Otrin, Os- 

trinc, Otringe 
Ote, Ot, (Otto, Odo, 

Otho) Othe 
Otter, Otre, Ottr 
Oudulfs 
Ouls, Ulfs 
Ounes, see Ones 
Ouse, Owes, Ous, Use, 

Dwes 
Ous, Ulsi 
Oustre, Auster 
Oust, Wlfsin, Ulsin 
Oust, Owst, Aust, Ows, 

Aus, Out 
Over, Ouer, Owr, Ore, 

Ufr 
Ov, Oving, Ulfe 
Ow 

ow changed to hall 
Ows, Ianulfes 
Owst, Hoste 
Ox, Oxe, Oxen, Os, Osi 

Pa, Pay 

Palle 

Pain, Paghen, Pains, 

Pagans, Payans,Pade 
Parva, Little Parvo 
Patun, Paiton 
Patrick (St.), Patring, 

Patric 
Paull, Paghel, Pagel 
Park 
Parling, Perlinc, P'rti- 

linc, Parlin 
Panges, Penis, Pennys, 

Penges 
Pagnell, Paynell 



Penneg, Penning 
Penine, Pennine, Peni- 

gant, pen 
Perrow, a family 
Percy, a family 
per corrupted from 

forth 
Pick, (?peak), Piche, 

Pic, Pich 
Picker-ing, Picher, 

" Pick-ring " ! 
Pil, Pile 
Picot, a family 
Pidsea 

Pinching, Pinchin 
Plon, Plom, Plomp, 

Plump, Plun 
Pock, Poche, Pocl, Poc, 

Poclin, Pockling 
pole, pol, Pool, Poule, 

pool, pold, Poul, 

Pouel 
Popple, Pople 
Potter, Poter 
Portin, Porting, Porti 
Ponte-fract 
Podeches, Puds 
Pres, Preese 
Pr'sene, Prest 
Preste, Pres, Purs 
Priory 

Quaim, Wharm, Cornel 
Quel, Whel 
Quenne, When 
Quick, Q'wick, Tohac, 

(see Whix, Cuches) 
Qwern, Whern 

Eain, Raining, Rein, 
(? Rafn.Rawn, Raven) 
Rane, Raininc 

Rais, Redres 

Rad 

Ra, Ras 

Rast, Raist 

Ravens, Raven, Ragenel 
Raghenel 

Raw, Rou, Roude, Rode 

Ray, Ra 

Rath, Rode 

Raw, Rou, Ro 



Reeth, Ric 

Red, Rid, Rede, Ride, 

(Reed) 
Red Rilling, Redlin, 

Renli 
Reding, Riding for Tre- 

ding (Third-ding, see 

ding or thing) 
Reni, Riming 
Red, Rot 
Reigh, Ric 
Redeles, Riddles 
Rib-Ribel. Ribble 
Ripes, Rip, Ripe, Rib,. 

Ribs 
Ri, Ry, Rye, Rie 
Ric, rick, ridge, rig, 

Rich, ri, rigg 
Rich (mond) 
Ris, Rise, Rys, Rus, Ri 
Richard 

Rie, Ryther, Ridre 
Rig, Ris, Rics, Ri, Ry 
Ring, Righe, Ringhe, 

Rig 
Rims, Rimes 
Ripling, Rippling, Rip 
Rils, Rilis 
Roebuck 

Roger, Rugar, Rogar 
Roman, Romund 
Roberts 
Rodbes 

Rodo, Roth, Rode 
Rodre, Rother 
Rode, Rud, Ruds 
Roche, Roke, Rokes 
Romald, Rumoldes 
Ron,Roun,Run,Rowan r 

Ran 
Roudelves, (Rudolfs) 
Ros, Rus, Ross, Rosse, 

Roos 
Rook, Roc 
Rox, Roze, Rous, 

Rousce 
Rot, Rotes 
Rores, Rus, Roys 
Routh, Rutha, Rute, 

Ruth 
Rolves, Rowls, Roolfe 
Row, Ruye 



206 



COMPONENT PARTS 



Ro-schel 

Rofel, Rudfarling, 

Rofellin 
Ro, Ru, Row, Rughe 
Rough, Ruf, Ru 
Rud, Rude 
Rust 

Sac, Sax, (Sax the own- 
er), Saxe, San in error 
Sal, sail, sle, hale, shale, 

sale, sala, all, hall 
Sal, Saw, Sot 
Sale, Sales 
Salvin 

Salt (Sir Titus) 
Sane, San, Sac 
San, Sun 
Santri 

Santa, San, (St.) 
Sand, Sands, San 
sat, side 
Say, see, Sea, sai, sa, 

sey, ai, se, sege, sie, 

ey 

Scad, Shad, Scade 
Scach, Scaggle, Search, 

Scacher 
Scachel,Skekl, Scackle, 

Skackle, Seachl, 

Skeckl 
Scames, Scamps 
Scard, Scardiz, Scarth 
Scar, Seacre, Scracre 
Scarpen, Skii-pen 
Sea, See, Skelf, Shef 
Scaws, Scalchc, Scaw, 

Seal (Aschil, Aschal) 
Scale, Scan, Skell, Seal, 

Skel, Scalle 
.Scages, Scayes, Scage, 

Scag, Scav 
Scalf (Oscalf) Scraf 
Scelf, Shelf, Schelf, 

Skelf e, Schel, shall, 

lee for skelf, Scevelt, 

Schef 
Seel, Skel, Schel, Scil, 

Schil 
Scelne, Shell 
See, Sea 
Seep, Shaf, Skep 



Scemel, Skelman, 

Sceliner 
Schip, Skip, Scip, Ship, 

Skih 
Schelin, Shitling, 

Scellin 
Scipe, Shep 
Scive, Shel 
Scir, Skyr, Sir, Schires, 

Scire, shire, slier, 

Sker, scher, Skir 
Scherel, Skirl, Schirl, 

Skir 
Schibe, Skibe 
Sciteles (Oskitel's) 

Little 
Schirne, Skerne 
Schit, Skid 
Seines, Skin 
Schire, Skee 
Scipen, Shippen 
Sclenne, Slenning, 

Sclen 
Sclof (Ascolf) Scolfs 
scoe, usch 
Scoger, Scor 
Scoxe, Skews, (Askew) 
Scornes, Score (Ask- 

orn's) 
Scot, Sco, Scos 
Scradiz 
Screng, Scraying, 

Escraing 
Scru, Scuru 
Scrof, Scro, Crof 
Scraf 
Scriven, Scrauing, 

Scraving 
Scutter, Codre,Skutter, 

Code 
Scusce, Cus 
Sea, sey, eia, mer, seige, 

sai, ai, ey, sei, sia, se 
set, et, sterd, set 

changed to sea 
Sel, Sele 
Sess, Sez 
seppe, shep 
Sed 
Selunges, Slings, 

Eslinges 
Seven, Swen, Seuen 



sel, el 

Sener, Sinder, Sindre 
Semer, Sea-mer 
Sewer, Siwar, Si ward, 

Sievar 
Sevenic, Sinning, 

Siverinc, Siuerin 
Settring, Sendri 
Ship, Ep, (Scip, &c, 

before), Hip 
Setel, Settle, Set 
Sheriff, see Hutton, 

shire-reeve 
shelf, changed to hall, 

or vice-versa ; also 

sell 
Sheff, Esca 
Shackle, Eschalcke 
SickliDg, Siclin 
Sigs, Sighes, Sighels, 

Sigles,Siggles,Siyles, 

Sils 
Silve, Silue, Sil, Silf 
Single 

Silks, Silches, Siles 
Sinni, see Sinning, 

Sini 
Sixten, Thixen, Sixte 
Sker, ker 
Slack, lac 
Slade, Sled, Slead, 

Slaith, Slid, (Lede), 

Slaid, Slate, Slide 
slet, let 
Sline, Slyne 
Sniea,Smi,Smid,Smede 

Smet, Sme, Smide 
Snain, Snechin 
Snay, Snache 
Snaith, Esnoid, Sneid 
Snea, Sne 
Suec, Sneculf 
Sniter 

Sny, Suite, Snyd 
Sou, South, Sote, Sotes, 

Sud, Sut, Suf, Sos, 

Suth, Uth, Su 
some, um 
Sore, Sour, Sower, Sor, 

Soure 
Sol, Sow 
Spaun, Span, Spau 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



207 



Spenni, Speninge 
Spalding. Spellin 
Sproat, Sprote, Sprot 
Spee, Spec, Spre, Spet 
Sprox, Spros 
spring, sprinc 
Spo, Spaw, Spof (Spot?) 
Stall, stal, stell 
Stain, Stein, Stan, 

(Stran?), Estein, 

Stone, Stane,Steines, 

sten, stains 
Stacs, Stax, Stakes, 

Stokes, Stac, Stack, 

Stax 
stain changed to ton, & 

vice-versa ; stut, stey 
Staple, Staplen, Stople 
Stave change! to Stan 
Star, Si amp 
s'tal changed to dale, 

or vice-versa 
Stang, Stanc 
Staining 

Stead, Stede, stad, sted 
Stee, Stive 
Steeple 

Stemans, Stemaines 
Stears, Estires, see 

Stires, Stirs 
Steward 

sten for ston or s'ton 
Sterling, Stilling, 

Stivelinc, Steflin 
sterne, terne 
Stil, Tils 
Stidn, Stitten 
Stirs, Stires (Street) 
Stoche, Stock, Stokes 

(see Estoches) 
Stork, Estoch, Estorch 
Stone see stan 
Stone changed for ton, 

(and vice-versa ?) 
Stot, Stod, Sto 
Stoll, Stud, Stooth 
Stoue, Stut, Stu 
Stra 
Street, le Street, Roman 

Strata, "the street 

called Straight, "Sarn 

in Welsh 



Streons, Whithy 

Stra, Straf, Stre, Stur, 
Strat, Strates, Strad, 
Start, see (Roman) 
'Street 

S trick, Sterc 

Strens 

Stuh, Stubbs, Stop, 
Istop 

Stun 

Suaue, Sway, (Oswy) 

Suane, Seuen, Swain, 
Sum, Swin, Sweyne, 
Swaine, Suene 

Suilling. Suillin, Swill- 
ing, Suillig, Suillic 

Suine, Swine 

Sunder, Sundres 

Swale 

Swet, Sua, (Oswy), Sual 

Swarth, Warte 

Tad, Tate, Tod, Tat, 
(Tate, a woman's name) 
Tancres, Tankers 
Tan, Tane.Tans, Tame, 

Thame 
Tans, Tates 
tac, take (trecan) 
Tees 
Tern, terne, Thurn,Tirn 

Thirn, Thurns,Turnu 
Terring,Teurinc,Teurin 
Temple, see Timble 
ter, tre 

Thixen, Xisten, Sixten 
Thirkle, Torchil, Tur- 

gisle,Turkle,Thurkle, 

Turchil,Turgil,Thur- 

gil, Thirtle 
Theaks, Es 
thing, tyn, ding, Tins, 

Tines 
ther, der 
Thirn, Tirn, Thorn, 

thierne, tierne,Thurn 
Tharles,Torueles,Thur- 

les, Turulfes,Turolfs, 

Turolves, Thol, Tur- 

ulfes ; see Thoral 
thorp, torp, torf, throp, 

Thorf, dorf 



thorp changes with 

thorn, and vice-versa; 

also toft ; also with 

ton and vice-versa ; 

also brough 
Thorn, Tornen, Torne, 

Torre, Toren, Tored, 

Torte, thorm for 

thorn, Tirn, torna, 

Torn 
Thorn, Toret, (Turot, 

the owner) 
Thornes 

Thoral. Turoldes,Turalz 
Thorl,Toreder,Turod, 
Toroldes, Toredder, 
Thorulds, Torueles, 
Thorles, Thorald, 
Thurolds 
Thores, Tores 
Thorna, Thorman, Tor- 

moz, Thormoz, Tur- 

moz 
Thorgan, Turgis, 

Thorgo, Turges, 

Thurgis, Thurgo 
Thoac, Thong, see To- 

hac 
Thri,Tri, Tre, tre (ding) 
Thresh, Thirsk, Tresch, 

Fresch, (Thir-usq? 

Tre-esk) 
Throap, Trap 
thwaite, toit, tuet, fit, 

(Tuades ?) tuoit, tuit 
thwaite changes to toft, 

tovt, touft, touet, et, 

toith 
Thwing, Tuenc, Twenc, 

Thwenc 
Thirnes becomes Tins, 

and vice-versa 
Thurns, Dermes 
Thurstan,Tosten, Tors- 
tan 
Threl, Trel 
ti, ty 

Tib, Tipe, Tibe 
Tils, Stil 
Timble, Thimble, Tim- 

bel, (Temple) Timb 
Tiche, Tick 



208 



COMPONENT PAKTS '. 



Tod 

Tohac, Quick 

Toft, Tofts, tot, toste, 

tov, tolf, see thwaite 
ton, tun, tone, tune, 

tonne 
ton changes to don, 

dune ; thorn ; etts ; 

stone ; stan ; den, 

ham, tene, bi, by 
Tolles, Thorold's, 

Toles, Tholes 
Tol, Tole 
Tong, Tuinc 
Top 

Tor, Thor 
Tot, see toft 
Toot, Tote 
Tor grimes 
Tosche, Tocks, Toes, 

Tock, Toscot 
Toller, Tolle, Tollen 
Touls, Togles, Toyels, 

Togeles 
Tow, Tone, Towe, Forne 
Tores, Thors, Thurs 
Torris, Tored, Thorolds 
Treales 
Trouts, Truz 
try, tri, tree, tre, Tree, 

Tree 
Tud, Tude 
Tur 

Twisle, Tuisle 
Tyas, (Teutonicus) 

Udres, Huds 

uic, wick, uuic, uinc, 

ueg, vie, wic, 'k 
uid, with 
uald, ualt, wold 
uelt, with 
Ug, Ughe, Uge 
Uggle, Ugle, Ulge 
Ufr, Our, Owr, Over, 

Upper 
Ule, Ou, Ul, 01, Ulen, 

Oue 
Ulfs, Ouls, Ulves 
Ulfe, Oving 
Ulfar, Wolfre, Ulfr, 

Ulr, Ulvar, Ulvers 



Ulm, Holmp 

Ulve, Wool, Woolf 

Ulchil 

Ulles 

Ulsig, Hunsing 

Ulsi, Ous 

Umel, Humbl 

um, omb, on, un, ham, 
ome, some, an, holme, 
changed for each other 

Umloue, Umlov, Anla, 
Anlaf, Amlaf, Umlaf, 
Unlov 

Unchelf's, Uncle, Un- 
chels, Ungles, Hun- 
chiles 

Under 

Upper, Up, hope, Ops, 
Ul, Upes, ope 

Upsall, Up-sall (Up- 
sala in Sweden) 

Ure, Yore 

urd, worth, uurd 

Ures, Eures, Years 

Usch, scoe, Use, usq 

Use, Ouse 

Uth, South 

Ut, Out 

Vela, Weel 
velt, field 
vid, vi, with, wid 
vine, vie, wic 

Wad , Wade, Wath, Wat, 

Wate, Wa 
Wad, Was, Wax, Wass 
Wads, Wades 
Waghen , Wagen ,Wawn, 

Way en, Wagh 
Wache, Wake 
Wadding, Widi 
Wal,Walle,Wale,Wali 
Wal, Waulde 
Walchin, Walking, 

Walche 
Walden 

Walder, Walders 
Walles, Fals, Wales 
Walise, Wales, Walis 
Wallis 
Wald, Wold 



Wanb, Womb 

Wandes 

Wang 

Wapling, Wap, Wapl 

Wapon(take) 

Wark, Were 

Warla, War, Warla ves,. 

see Werleges 
War, Wer 
Warms, Wemes, 

Wermes (Orm's), 

Warm, Warnes 
ward, see worth 
War, see Wharr, Wan- 
Wart, Ward, Weard 
Wartre, Warter, Warte 
Warvels 
Wat, wat, wath, Wa,. 

With, see Wid 
Wate, Wheat 
Weaver, Wilfre, Wifre 
Weard, Wart 
Weigh, Wics, Wide, Wid 
Wether, Wedre 
Well, ell, Welle, uelle 
Wee, Wide, Widi 
West 
Werleges, Werels, Wer- 

gel (see Warla), Wrel, 

Wer el 
Went, Wintre, Wint 
went, (Der— ) 
Were, Wee, Wor 
Wenning, Wininc 
Westre 

wet, (see with), Wet 
weld see field, (veldt) 
Wentres, Wens, Wen- 

dres 
Werches Wors, see 

Wirces 
Weres, W r res 
Weel, Vela, Wela 
Wharf, Guerf 
Whel, Quel, Col, Wei, 

Wheld 
Whit, Wite, Wit 
Whorl, Wirvel, Wirwel 
Wharr, War 
Whist, Widest 
Whix, Cuches, Cruches> 

Cuse 



SUGGESTED AND TENTATIVE. 



209 



Whip, Wipe, Wipes 
When, Quenne 
Whitting, Witinghe, 

Wite, Witing 
Whis, Wite, Wide 
Wibeds, Wibets, Wibs 
Wic, Wine, vie, uic, ick, 

'k, wege, weghes, 

vine, uege 
Wiche, Wike, Wyke, 

Wich (see Wic) Wig, 

wit, changed to wid 
Wickers, Wicres, Win- 

cres 
Wics 

Widding, Wide, Wid 
Widlafes 
Wid, With, witt, with, 

uid, Vid, ade, wi, 

uelt, Wy, changed to 

wic, and vice-versa 
Wifles, Wils, Wiles 
Wif , Wins, Wive, Wine, 

Wifes 
Wiggles, Wicles, Win- 

chels 
Wigan, Wichingas, 

Wich "gas, Wiggin, 

Wichis 
Wilgar, Wilier 
Willi, Wilge, Wil, WiUe 
Wilbe, Wombl, Winbel 



Wil, Wils, Wivles, see 

Wifles, Wives 
Wil changed to Wid 
Wilem 
Willows 
Willough 
Wild, Widnn 
Wilmers, Womers, 

Wlmeres 
Wirces, Wors 
Winks,Wichings,Wink, 

Winch, Winches 
Wir, Wort, Wirt 
Wintre, Winter, Witre, 

Wentr, Wintring, 

Wentring 
Wiske 
Wisel, Wils 
Wit, Wid, Wy, Wide 
Witforn, Widforn, 

Withern 
Wilve, Wol 
Wi, Wor, Worr 
with, wid, changed for 

wic, and vice-versa 
Wlmeres, see Wilmers 
Wlfsin, Ous 
Wolfre, Ulfar, Ulvar 
Wool, Woolf, Ulve 
Wold, Wolds, ualt, wait, 

changed to wood 
Wood, Wode, Wother 



wode, changed to with 

wood, changed to ford, 
and to wold, and vice- 
versa 

worth, orde, forde, wet, 
wrde, ward, uuorde, 
nurd, ude 

Womb, see Wanb 

Wormes, Wermes 

Wress, Weres 

Wr, Wort 

Wor, Wer 

Wrag 

Xisten, Thixen, Sixten 

Ya, ea, ei, Yea, la 

Yaf, Ya, la 

Yap, lap 

Yarm, Yar, Iar 

Yarn, Gern, Yar, Gar, 

Iar 
Yate, Yat, gate 
Years, Eures, Ures 
Yeding 

Yoke, Iugu, Iucu 
York, Yore'k 
Youl, Aiul, Iole, Luc 
ym, see am, ham 




N 



210 

TERRITORIAL DIVISIONS. 

Lancashire : Agmounderness and Furness only. 

Yorkshire, Euruicscire : 

Tridings, Tredings, Ridings, Tri-things : North, East West. 

Wapentakes : Agbrigg, Ainsty, Allertonshire, Barcheston 
(Barkston Ash), Birdforth, Bolesford, Buhner, Borgeshire 
(Borchescire), Buckrose, Clarhou or Claro (formerly Borge- 
shire), Craven or Cravenshire, Dickering (Die), Gerlestre, 
Gersburg (part of Borgeshire), Holderness (divided into 
three Hundreds, North, Middle and South Hundreds), Halli- 
keld, Harthill (in five divisions, — Bainton Beacon, Holme 
Beacon, Wilton Beacon, Hunsley Beacon, North and South,) 
Maneshou, Morley, (Northallerton see Allertonshire), Ouse 
and Derwent, Osgoldcross, Pickering Lythe, Rydale, Sky- 
rack, StainclifTe, Staincross, Strafforth, Tickhill or Tykehull, 
West and East Hang, Langbargh East and West. 

Hundreds : South, Middle and North (parts of Holderness), 
Huntou, Burton and Turbar (parts of Dickering Wapentake), 
Acklam or Hacle, Driffield, Hessle or Hase, Howdenshire, 
Pockliugton, Scard, Sneculfcross, Toreshou, Wartre, Welton 
or Cave, Wicstun or Weighton. 

Obsolete Shires : Bowland (Bolland) Trough or Forest, 
Barnsdale Forest, Beverley Liberty, Byland Liberty, Cleve- 
land, Elmete, Galtres Forest, Gillingshire, Hallamshire, Hull- 
shire, Hatfield Chase, Knaresbrough Forest, Massamshire, 
Honor of Pontefract, Richmondshire (Five Wapentakes of 
Gilling East and West, Hang East and West, Hallikeld), 
Ripon Liberty, Sowerbyshire or Forest of Hardwick, York 
City and Liberty, Whitby Strand and Liberty. 

I think there are about 29 recognised Wapentakes now, 7 
in the East Riding, 10 in the West, 12 in the North. 

Natural Divisions : Plain of York, Wolds, Marshland, 
Thorne Waste, The Dales and Vales — Vale of York, Vale of 
Mowbray, Wensley-dale, Bradford-dale, Spen-valley, Arken- 
garthdale, Bilsdale, Bransdale, Rosedale, Shibden-dale, 
Worth valley, Langstrothdale and innumerable other 
doughs, denes, dales, gills, hopes; besides Teesdale and its 
off-shoots, from Bowes, Stokesley, &c, six of them fairly 
long. 

Swaledale, Reethbeck, Wiske, Cod, Bedale. 

Uredale (Yoredale, so called as far as York formerly, I 
believe, ) with Cover, Masham Burn, Skell. 



TERRITORIAL DIVISIONS. 211 

Nidd, Nidderdale or Netberdale. 

Wharfe, with Washburn, Skirfare, Cowside, Aberford. 

Aire, with Bradford beck, the Worth. 

Calder, with Hebble, Ryburn, Colne, Spen, tributaries. 

Don, with Dearne, Rother, Sheaf, Went, Roche. 

Ouse, from the Ouseburn, receives also the Foss. 

Derwent, with Rye, Dove, Seven, Pickering beck. 

All these rivers, except the Tees, empty themselves down 
the central river (the Ouse) into the Humber. 

The Hull joins the Humber. Idle joins the Trent. 

The Esk falls into the sea at Whitby ; Gipsey Race. 

To these may be added the upper courses of the Lancashire 
rivers — Ribble, Lune, Wenning, Wyre, Rawther, Hodder. 

The mountains have not so distinctly given names to 
territorial districts, though we speak of the Fells in a very 
vague way ; and the North Yorkshire Moors and the Pennine 
Moorlands are used as general terms. The specific names, 
mostly of Celtic origin, such as Bow Fell, Mickle Fell, Ingle- 
borough, Penighent, the three Whernsides, Cracoe, Rumbles 
Moor, Otley Chevin, Rosebury Topping, Stake, Pendle, and 
numerous others do not come within the scope of the present 
volume, Domesday Manors and their berewicks being our 
limits. 

For the same reason parishes and other ecclesiastical 
divisions are passed by at present. Before the Conquest, as 
now, Yorkshire ( Eurwicscire,) was divided into three 
Tredings. Subsequently the word Ridings became prevalent 
and thus obscured the etymology Tri, three; things, dings, 
court or tourn or folk-mote, court baron, or court leet. It will 
be shewn that the same word is found in Thinglawe, Ding- 
wall, Tynwald, Storthing. The Sheriff, that is, shire reeve, 
perambulated his part of the shire as representative of the 
King every year, and the tenants were required to meet him 
at fixed places on fixed dates to swear fealty to the King, 
and pay dues accruing from their estates. From early 
Anglian times the country had been constituted into tythings 
or tunships, where ten free families (slaves not being reck- 
oned,) were bound to be responsible for each other, hence 
the name ty things or court of ten men, sometimes called 
ten-men-tale. Ten of such townships originally formed a 
hundred, which in Anglian districts (like Yorkshire and 
Lincolnshire) took the name of Wapentake, because the 



212 



ETYMOLOGY. 



tenants touched the Sheriff's weapon with their own, as a sign 
of fealty at the Sheriff's moot, which was held at conspicu- 
ous places, such as mounds, (hows), crosses, trees, bridges, 
&c. Over each Wapentake was a High Constable, the chief 
tenants taking the office in rotation ; and each township had 
to be represented by a petty constable and four tenants at 
the courts. The word constable probably means the cuning's 
or King's stability. 

Large Manors, like Wakefield, were divided into greave- 
ships, over each of which was a Greave or Grave, such as 
Sowerby, Hipperholme, Rastrick, Holme, &c, &c, including 
several townships each. 

Recent parliamentary divisions are of a very arbitrary 
character; thus, Shipley, named after the largest village in 
its area, forms a kind of orange peel around Bradford ; some 
of it is now in the city. Spen Valley division is from a dirty 
beck, with the hamlet Spen at the head, whilst its populous 
villages Heckmondwike, Cleckheaton, Birstall, &c, are over- 
looked. Elland division contains the borough of Brighouse. 



ETYMOLOGY. 



A Ay 

Ack Ai Ac 

Aich Ac Aigh Augh 

Hacs 
Air 
Allers Alves Alvres 

(see stain) 
Alver Aller Alure Aire 

Alvre 
Ans Anes 
Apple Apel 

Arthing Arclin Hardinc 
Ash Es As 
As Es 

Bain Bagen 

Bar 

Barms Benes 

Barks B arches 

Bemp Ben 

Bees Bes 



TON. 

Binning Bigne Binne 

Bicher Bicker Bicre 

Bil Bille Bile 

Bla Blater 

Bol Bodel Bole Bode 

Bade 
Boyn Bouin 
Bran Bramp Brans 
Braffer Bradfor Bratfor 
Breigh Brics Bris 
Brear Brare 
Bray Bre Brettan 
Bret Bre 
Brantisbur Bransbur 

Brandsbur 
Bridling Bretlin 
Brot Broc Bro 
Bromp Bron Brin Brun 
Brough Broc Bros 
Buck Boche 
Burnis Brinnis Burnes 



Brenings Brini 
Bur Ber Bor Bore 

Ca 

Cal 

Carl Carlen Car el Car 

Cay Cai Che Cairn Chet 

Caster 

Cat Ca 

Catter Cadre 

Caw Calve 

Camer Camerin 

Clee 

Cleckhea 

Clay Clai (in the Clay) 

Clac 
Claugh Clac 
Clare 
Clax 
Clif 
Clough Cloc 



ETYMOLOGY. 



213 



Col Colle Cole 

Conis Coneghes Cun- 
inges Coininghes 
Cunes Coninges 

Cork (? Kirk) 

Cow Cud Cot 

Cothers Codres 

Criggles Criges 

Crumbton (stun) 

Crop Crof Scrof 

Crinle C liver 

Comp Con 

Dar Der 

Dal Del 

Draugh Drac 

Den 

Dunning Domni Dodin 

Donni 
Deigh Die Dis 
Deigbton-by Dictenbi 
Didders Dirdres Dii'des 
Darring Darnin Darni 
Drighling Dreslin 
Dinning Dunni Domni 

Dunin 
Drew Drowe 
Dirnling Dimel 
Drew 

Eas Es eith East-tun 

Eas-ton 
Earlsbea-Eton 
Ebbers Edbriz 
Easing Esin He sin 

Esing 
Eccles Egles 
Eggles Egbis 
Ellougb (Elgendon) 
Eller Eire Aire 
East 
Eg 
Ec 

Eaves Eves 
Et E 

Eastring Estrinc Estrin 
Ecin (? Haakon) 
Elling Ellin Edling 
Eds Edes 
Elving Alwin 
EsbEs 



TON— (continued). 
Farl Farel 

Farling Ferlin Farlin 
Fen 
Featbers Ferestane 

Fredestan 
Fews Fos 
Flix Fleus 
Flock Flocbe 
Flax Flas 
Flin Flen Flin 
Folk Fulcbe 
For 

Freckle 
Fools Fugeles 
Fox Fous Fos 
Fos Fods Fas 
Fry Fri Fride 
Fleming Fremin 
Frys Fris (Ferry) 

Garris Gerdes 

Gan Game 

Gar 

Gip Cipe Chiper Cbipe 

Girling Gerlin 

Gleas Glasser 

Goul Gou Gol Go 

Graf 

Grims Grimes 

Grassing Cbersin Gber- 

sin 
Grin 
Grindle Gretlin 

Hab Abbe Abe 

Hay Hai 

Hammer Hamer Ham- 

bre Ambre 
Har Here 
Hal Al Halle Helde 

Hatel (see Harden) 
Haigb Hale 
Hamble Hamel 
Hea Hie Hep He E 
Helsing 

Hartling Herling 
Hemling Himelige 

Himelin 
Hessel Heslin Eslin 
Hickle Icbel Cbicbel 
Hil 



Hesling Haslin Eslin 

Hils HeldovesHeldewes 

Hesler Haselin Esler 

Haneche 

Het He 

Holmp Holme Ulme 

see Holme affix 
Hoo Ho 
Hopper Homp Hopre 

Horn 
Hot Ho Hut 
Hop 

Horning HorniHorninc 
Hougb Houe Hal Hoc 

Oue 
Hor 
Huddles also Huncbil- 

hus Uncbel owner 
Humble Humel Umel 
Hunting (also dun for 

ton) 
Hun 
Humber Bur 

II Hilcbe Ilcbe 
Ir Ire 
Ingle Ingles 

Kelliug Cbelinc 
Kirkling Cberdin 

(d = cl) Cberclin 
Kirkbea — see Hea 
Kixkbur see Bur Ber 
Kil Cbil 

Kilving Cbelvinc 
Kive Cive 
Knay Cbenni Keneue 

Cbenive 
Knedling Cledin 
Knee Na 
Knap Cnape 
Kuiton. Sudcniton 
Kelling 

Laver 

Lay La Las Lat 
Lebbers Ledbes 
Leving Len Leve 
Lax Laxin 
Lang Lan 
' Larting Lartin Lertin 



214 



ETYMOLOGY. 



Liver 

Lock Locke 

Locking Locke Leche 

Lon 

Lup 

Lepping Lepin 

Lut Lud 

Leds Ledes 

Lep 

Laugk Las 

Lin Lip 

Lit Li 

Malcke 
Mai 

Mar Mere 
Mars Mers 
Marking Merchin 
Mans Maines Manes 
Mapple Maple 
Mel Middle Medel 

Merel Milden Midel 
Mens Mersin 
Misper 
Mickle 

Middle Midel Milde 
Milling Mile Mille 
Misper Mispe 
Monk MonuckeMoneck 
Mor Mur 
Moul Mol 
Moor 
Mus 
My Mi Mit 

Naffer Nadfar 
Naw Nagkel Nagel 

Nagle 
New Nue Niwe Nicke 
Nic [Knight] 
Not No Nor 
Norman 
Nor 

Nortkaller Aller 
Nunning Noning 

Nonninc 

Oc Ocke 

Ope 

Ottering Otrin 

Ouls Ulves 



TON— (continued). 
Over Ouer Ovre 
Oving Ulfe 
Ows Aus Aust/m' 
Ous Ulsi Ulsin 
Ox Osse Osi 

Pat Pa 

Patring Patric 
Parling Parlinc Prtilinc 
Penning Pennege 
Penis Penges Panges 

see also stone 
Plump Plun Plon 
Pockling Poclin 
Popple Pople 
Pres 
Preste 
Poul Pol 

Porting Porti Portin 
Potter Poter 
Purs Pres 

Eain Raine Rainino 

(see Haneivot) Rain- 

ingeivat Reine 
Reigk Ric 
Riks Ripes see also 

stone 
Rig Ris Ri 
Rilling Redlin Renli 
Riming Reni 
Rils Rilis 
Ris 

Rowls Roolfes Rolves 
Rudfarling Rofellin 
Ruds Rode(tkorp) see 

also stone 
Run Roun Ran Ron 
Row Rugk Ruge 
Roys Rores 
Rus Ros Rores 
RyRi 

Sane San Sac Sun 

Santa Santri Sane 

Sax Sac 
Sal 
ScackleSkackleSkackle 

Esckalcke see also 

dene 
Scamp Scames 



Sea Se See Set 
Scaw Seal (Asckil 

owner) 
Scackel 

Sclof Scolfs (Ascolf's) 
Scor 

Scru Scurue 
Scot Sco (Skaw) 
Scraf Scalf 
Settring Sendri 
Skip Ep Hip 
Skilling Scellin Sckelin 
Skaf Seep 
Sigs Sigkes Siges 
Silks Silckes Silco (see 

stone) 
Sil Silve Silf 
Single 
Sinni Sini 
Sinning Sevenic Siver- 

inc Sivenin 
Skel Sckel Scil Sckil 

Seel see don 
Skip Scip 
Sker Seller 
Skirling Sckerel 
Sniter 
Snea Sue 
Smea Smid Smet Sme 

Smede 
Snain Sneckin 
Spee Spre Spec Spet 
Stain Stein Steye Stan 

E stein 
Stax Stac Stacs 
Stock Stocke 
Sprox Spros 
Spaun Span Spau 
Stee Stive 

Starkot St&mphotne ? 
Stut Stan 
Stut Stu Stoue 
Stur Stre 
Staple Stopel Staplen 

see dun 
Stil Tils 
Sut Sud Su 
Stilling Stivelinc 
Swet Suat Sualuu 
Swin Suin 
Spalding Spellin 





ETYMOLOGY. 


215 




TON— (continued). 




Swilling Suillic Suillig 


Tree Tree Tre 


Whis Wide Wik see 


Suillin 




stan 




UpUl 


Whis Widest ha' Wib- 


Tan Tarn Tame 


Up Up 


edstun 


Thurls Turulf sTurolves 




Wil Wid 


Terring Teurinc 


Wal Wale Wali 


Win 


Theaks Es 


Wadding Widi 


Wink Winche 


Thorn Toren Torn 


Wapling Waplin 


Whitting Wite 


Tornen Gritoren 


WalkinWalchinWalche 


Wipes 


Thorn Tore (Turot or 


Wat Wa 


Wit Wi 


Tored owner) Torre 


War 


Womble Wilbe Winbel 


Torte 


Wei Welle 


Wrel Werel 


Tick Tich 


Wee Wide Widi 


Whorl Wirvel 


Tocketts Toscoton 


Weigh Wlcs Wide 


Wor Wer 


Tocsftm 


Wenoing Wininc 


Wy Wide 


Toller Tolen Tolle 


W r es 


Wolfre \Jl\ardun Ulfar- 


Touls Togles Togeles 


Widding Wide 


dun 


Toyles 


Wiggin Wichis 




Tow Toue 


Widlafes 


Youl Iole Luc 


THORP THROP TROP 


Addle Ardulfes Adulfes 


Dan Dane 


Helper Elpe 


Aggie Acules 


Dow Dwe 


Hex Es Hes 


Aller Alwares Herleves 




Hilder Hilger 


Erleves 


Eas Es (? East or eas) 


How Hoi 


Arm Ernulfes Einulves 


Eddie Gudwales Ged- 


Hundulf 


Arnes Arnolds now 


wales Eduardes 




Arnold without thorpe 


Ellen Halwid Elwine 


Ingman Gemuns Ger- 


Arnodes now Arnolds- 


Ellin Adelinges 


munds 


toft 


Eters 


Ing Ucne 


Aus Osse 


Ever 


Idle 


Bab 


Fogga Fulcar 


Kelley Calyes 


Bade 


Eorne 


Kenny Chere 


Bar Barche B archer 


Frais Frestin 


Kettle Chetels 


Bel Balche Belker 


Friday Fridags Fridaizs 


Kin Chin 


Bird 


Fridars 


Kilton Chiltun 


Bishop 


Fule now Ful/orcZ 




Bow Bole 




Lays Leches 


Boy Bui 


Gan Gamel 


Lang Lanbe Lamb 


Bug Buge Bugbe Buche 


Gold Gu.d Gode 


Lang now ~La,ngthorne 


Bury Berge Bergue 


Gow Gheue Geu 


Leid Lied 




Grim Grin 


Low Loge Loghe 


Car Care 


Gris Grise 


Low Lang 


Cay Care 


Grib Gripe 


Lin 


Clax now Claxfon 


Grewel 


Little 


Chrache Crache 






Coneys Counges 


Hag Ache 


Mens Manes 


Cow Cole 


Hais Aschil Aschel 


Mene Mennis 


Copman 


Hasch 


Moor 



216 



ETYMOLOGY. 



THORP THROP TROP— (continued). 



Mow Mule Mele 

New formerly New/ats 
Nun 

Ogle Oceles Ogles 
Ouse Dwes Owes 
Ows Ianulfs 

Palle 

Pains [Payans] thorf 

Pinching 

Pock Poche 

Pay now J?&ythorne 

Priest 

Rais Redres 
Ravens Ravenes 
Raven Rayenel Rag- 

henel 
Rics 
Rodbes 

Roger Rugar Rogar 
Boschel 
Rud Rude 
Rou delves 



Scage Scages 



Scaggle Scache Scarche 

Scacher 
Scos Scotorp 
Seven Swen Swain 
Siwar 

Scradiz Scardiz 
Skin Seines 
Sou 

Sway Suane 
Skelnian Scelmer 

Scemel 
Stein 

Street Stires Scires 
Speninge now Spening- 

thorne 

Thorp Torp several 

different places 
Thorp Audlin 

,, Arch 

,, Basset 

,, on the Hill 

,, Garth 

,, Hasley 

,, Salvin 

,, Stapleton 

,, Green see Tuades 

,, Willoughby 



Aid Alden 

Aid also as Aldburn in 

error 
Aikbar also Achebi 
Almond Almane 
Ald& rough as Burg 

Barn Berneborc 
Barugh Berg Baragh 

Berch 
Benning Benni 
Burrow Borch 
Bil Mileburg Mil 
Brecken Brachefrerc 
Brough Bore Borch 

Burg 
Burgh Wallis 

Cald Caldeber 
Conis Conin^es 



Corn Corle&roc 

Dews Deus 

Eg E Ache 

Flam Flane Flan 

Gereburg Wapentake 
Golds Godes Gol 

Godenes Golde 
Greas Gersebroc Grese 

Gress 
Guis Chiges Gighes 

Ghiges also Glse- 

borne 

Heming Haan Hami 
Hor Orberie 



Thorp Underwood 

,, sub Montem 

„ Field 

„ Hall 

,, Perrow 
Tharles Torueles 

Thorles 
Tib Tip 
Tosche 
Tol Thol Turulfs 

Turolves 
Tow Toue 
Tow see Fornetorp 
Tuadestorp Thorp 

Green 
Thorn Torgrimes 

Ulchil 
UgUge(?Hugh) 

Weaver Wilfre Wifre 

Welwick 

Wigan Wichingas 

Warvels 

Wils Wifles Wivles 

Wilestrop 
Wild Widun 

Youl Aiul 



BURG BUKY BRO' &c. 



Kex Chize Ceze 
Knares Chenares 

Lang&ar bargh bergh 
Londes Lodenes 

Mex Meches 
Mil see Bil 

Ou Ulen Ule 

Ring Rige&orc/t Righe 

Ringhe 
Rise 

Scor Scoger&ud 

Sed 

Skirpenbecfe Scarpin- 

berg 
Sowber Sdlberg 





ETYMOLOGY. 


*Z17 


BURG 


BURY BRO' &c— (continued). 


Sprot 


Thri Tri 


Wei 


Stan Stain 


Thorn also Tkornfr urn 


Wors Wirces 


Skelbrook Scale&ro' 


Tor Tur Thurbar 
Tuisle&roe 

DEN. 




Ar 


Har 


Shacklefor?, Scacheldere 


Arghendene see dale 


Heb 


Escalchrfene 




How Houe 


Skel 


Bar Bevnedan 


Hoi Hole 


Skibe Scip Schipe 
Sils Sighels Sigles 


Col see Coldun 


Riddles Redeles 


Swin Suin 


Chellow 


Row Bodun 






Raw properly Rawdorc 


Wils 


Dene Dean 


DALE. 




Arhendale dene Arghen 


Esk 


Malham 


Arche 








Fyling dales Figelinge 


Rye 


Be 


Figl 




Bur Bre Bre&hale 




S&ndall dal ?haldela 


Burton 


Given Ghive Goin 
Geve 


dalia 


Camise 


Grin Gren Geren 


Thixen Sixten Xisten 


Cover 


Gherin 


Sixte 


Cun dall del 




Thornton 




Ken Chel Ken(t) 


Trouts Truzstal 


Dale Dal Dale Town 


Kid Chid (? hall) 




dale or hall ? 


Kil Chil 


Under 


Deep Depe 


Kirk 




Dins Dignes Dineshall 




Whel Wei Quel 


Divneshala 


Lons Lanes Lunes 


Wool Ulve 


le dale 


Lothers ~Lodresdene 

BY 




Ache now Aik&ar 


Balders Bald re 


Beller Beige 


Aindre Eindre Andre 


Basr 


Blands Blande 


EDdre Ande Ainder 


Batters Badres 


Bordie Bordel Bordale 


Aisla Aslaches Asulves 


Basche Bax Baches 


Borrow Berge Barrow 


Anla Umloue Uuloue 


Bel Balle Bal Belle 


Bergbe 


Aismunder Hashund 


Balles 


Boul Bole Bolle Bolt 


Asm under 


Beil Bele 


Brands Branz 


Alueng (Alwin) now 


Bessing Basing 


Braw Brage 


Kirk Ella 


Bern Barm Barn 


Burn Brun Brune 


As eke 


Bergulves Bergol Ber- 


Bush Busche 


Assel Aschil 


gulfs 


Bus Busche 


Asen Ase Estanes 


Birk Brete 




Amother Aimuuder 


Barl Bardulff) 


Cad Cate Cade 


Edmundre 


Bald 


Care Car 




Barna Bernode 


Carna Cherende 



218 


ETYMOLOGY. 






BY — (continued) . 




Carper Chirpre 


Holt Helt Elt 


Rous Roze Rosce 


Cleas Cles 


Holt see Bolt 


Rude Rode Rud 


Cole Cows Coul Coles 


Horn Horebode Horen- 




Couinges afterwards ton 


bode 


Scaws Scalche 


Cowes Cahos 


HuHo 


Score Scornes 


Cros Crox Crocs 


Hunman Hundeman 


Seal Scale 


Croches 




Sel 




Ir 


Sewer Siwar Siward 


Dan Dane 


Ingle Eincle Engle 


Skews Scox 


Dal Dale 




Skid Schite 


Deighton Dicten 


Kirk Cherch Cbirch 


Slings Selunges Es- 


Den Dene 


Kear Kere Chere 


linges 


Dena Degene Denege 


Killer Cbilwrde Chil- 


Skee Schire 


Dromon Dragmale 


vert Cbilvertes 


Sinder Sener 


Dromond 




Sower Sore Sor Sour 


Duo-gle Difgeli Difghel 


Lacken Lacbe Lacben 


Staines Steines 


Digbel 


Lazen Lesing Leisenc 


Stakes Stax 




Leising Lesingbe 


Stears Estires Stirs 


Eas Ese Ase 


Laisin 


Stemans Stemaines 


Eller Alwarde Elworde 


Leek Lede 


Swain Suane 


Aluerd 






Ear Eure 


Marde Martre 


Thirn Tierne 


Epple Aple 


Maun Manne (Magna 


Thirtle Torchil Thirkle 


Exil Aschil 


latinized) Mannes 


Turgil Turgisle Tur- 




Malt 


chil 


Face Feiz Fez Foiles 


Melson Malsen 


Thimble Timbel Tim- 


Farmans Farrnan 


Melton Melte Metel 


belli 


Ferrens Feres 


Mickle Michel 


Thorman Tormoz Tur- 


Ferri Fere 


Mil Milde 


moz 


Flotman Floteman 


Melmer Maimer 


Thoral Turalz Turode 


Fear Feder 


Mox Molz Molsce 


Thorald Torolds 


Fir Frede Fride Fri 


More 


Turolds 


Fix Feches 




Thorna Thormoz Tor- 


Flax Flates 


Nate 


moz Turmoz 


Flas Flate 


Norman 


Thorl Toredder 
Thores Tores 


Garrow Glieruenz 


Ornies 


Thorgan Turgis 


Gaten Ghetens Chen- 


Osgod Asgoz Ansgotes 


Tolles Toles 


etes 


Ansgote 




Girs Gris Grise 


Ounes 


Ugglebarn Ugleberds 


Grims Grimes 




Ulgeberdes 


Gun Bonne 


Preste 


Uncle Unchelfs Un- 
chels Ungles 


Ham Heme Erne 


Quarm Come Cornel 




Hawn Halme 




Wauld Wal 


Hax 


Rig 


Warla Wergeles War- 


Haggen Haghed^nHag- 


His 


laves Warlages 


en Hagende Haged 


Romund Roman 


Wether Wedr Wedre 


Helper Hilpre Ilpre 


Romande 


West 


Hella Helge Elde see 


Roke Roche 


Westre 


similar Eldwick 


Rox Roze 


Whit Wite 



ETYMOLOGY. 



219 



BY— (continued). 
Willongh Wilier Wilgardi I When Quenne 

Wrag J 

WORTH WRD UURDE 

Ack Ace Oak Dods Dod Dodes Kimber Chiber 



Bads Bades 

Biword now Beeforth 

Bis Bil 

Birch Ingbirch Berce 

Boge Boy 

Brins Bvinesford 

Brods Brodes Broches 

Cart Cheter Chete 

Culling Colinga 
Cus Scusce Cuze 
Cumber 



Els Eles 

Gerele now Irelith 

Hands 

Hain Hagen 

Hawks Henoches Han- 

ocesorde 
He v^ard 

Hems Hameles Hilme 
Hold Halde Aide 

Ingbirch Roughbirch 
see Birch 



Acklam Acklurc (Ulchel ] 

owner) Aclim Hacle 

Laclu/n 
Acomb Achum Acum 

Acun 
Adding Edid Oding 

Edi O&inghen 
Aiding 
Aivam Argu?i see 

Harome 
Ask Asc 

Barning Berning 

Beadl Bodhm 

Bentain Benet 

Best Besthaim 

Beet Bie&mi 

Bickentn alsoBickerton 

Bil 

Bisp Biscop 

Bra Braham Bran 

Bram Michelbra 
Bram 

Branting Breding Bret- 
ingBrentingBrending 
Brig Bringe 
Brun Nunburn/zoZme 
Brim Birnebe 
Bracken Bracherc 



Burgedunm Burdon 
Head 

Clap 

Cocker Cocre 
Cot Coat Cottun Cott- 
on m 
Cotting Coting 
Cowl Colmm 
Cover Covre 
Crambe Crambuh 
Croom Crogun 

Ei*g Argam Ergon 

Evering 

Evers Eures haim 

Farn 

Fleet Flete 
Fos Foss 
Froding Froting 

Gard Gerd Gev&en 
Goodman Gudmund 
Gressing Ghersincfore 

Hallam Halhm 
ham and holme inter- 
changed 



Little Sciteles (Os- 
kitel's) 

Oak see Ack Acwde 

Ravens Ravenszce* 

Tud Tude/ord 

Wads Wad Wade 
Warms Wermesford 
Went Wint Wintre 
Wiggles Wicles/brd 
Winckelsi6-rd 



HAM EN AM UN ON 



Harp Arp Arp<??i Harp- 

ein 
Harome Harun B.a.rum 

see Arram and holme 
Hacle see Ackl 
Hals Halse/zi 
Heys Hess 
Hillam 
Hive HidoM 
Hoth Hode Hot Holde 

Hod/at 
HoUym Hokro Holim 
Houguu see Hougenai 
Hoving 
Hows Huson. 

Keving Cainge Chaing 
Kil Chilo/t Chilkm 

Chilhm 
Kirk Chiche Cherchawi 

Chercan 

Lasting Lesting 

Ledes Leds 

Leath Leat Upleat 

Uplid West Kirk 
Levis Leuc'en 
Loft Loct/jus-im 
Lyt Lid 



220 



ETYMOLOGY 



HAM EN AM UN ON, 
Layt Ladora Ripon, Bipum 

Rise Rison. 
Rysome Risorc. 
Rippling Riping 
Rother Rodre 



Mai Malgun Malgorc 

Mas Massa/i 

Melt 

Middle Medelai Middel 

Mort 



New 

Newsa??i see Teniple N. 

Neuson 
Neu-hus-am 
Newsome see holme 

New-hus-holme 

Ottring Otreng Otreg 
Owram Oxaam Oure 
TJfrun (North South) 



Airy Erg<m 
Ark Ergtm 

Bemiing BenicoZ 

BenincoZ 
Bew-Begu?i 
Bracken Brachenil 
Branting Breting 
Brun/ia Hi holme Nun- 

burn/toZHig 

Clother Cludiin 
Chenuthes (Canutes) 

ChenecoZ Cnni&holme 

ChenucoZ 

Down Dune 
DringoZ/ne Dring/ioe 

Ery Argun 

HaroHie Harun see 
Argun Arram 



Burnous now Kirkburn 
Brighouse 

Hunchil/utses (Huncbil 
or Unchil owner) 



— (eontinucd). 

Ulr ome Ulfrawi 

Walking Walchin 
Waghen Wagene Wawn 
Welham Wellon Well- 



Scriven Scraving 
Scraying Screng Es- 

craing 
Shippen Scipen, 
Stitten Stidmm 
Stub 

Strates-erg-MHi 
Stub-hus-Tu*' 

Tat aim 

Thurn Tiern Thirnon 

Thorne 
Throap Trap un 

HOLME UN AM 

Harem 

holme and ham inter- 
changed 
Holmfirth 

Holme Holne Hulme 
Holme Hougo/i 
Holme North 
Hipper Huperura 
Hubber Huburgh-Ziawi 

Leal Lelun 
Lathom Ladon, 
Luuetot(Livetot owner) 

Moor-hus-holme un 
Moors 

News Newhus-7io?/H£ 
New New ham 
Newsowie Neusone 

Newusam 
News Nesse 
N unburn Brunham 

HOUSE HUS 

Loft-house Loftose Lot 
hus Loct/iits 

News/iaHiNew-hus-ham 
New Neu 



un 
Wetwang ham 
Whitting Witing 
Wharmni Warran War- 

an Warron 
Wintring Wentrig 
Wyke Wich Wic 

Wichu' 
Wother.soHieWodehusii' 

Yap Iapwn Yapum 

Yar/n, Yartm Geron 

Iartm 
Yeding 



North Holme 

Overe Owram XJfvun 
(North and South) 

Paull Holme 

Rad Radan 
Risim Rise 
Rysome (Out) Ut risun 

South Holme (Suf- 
bolme) Horn 

Thorn Tirnw 
Toms Tored( Thor- 
old's) 

W&xholme Wassa?;i 
Washa' Wassum 

Yate 



Stubb 

Stack Stacuse 

West Westhuse 
Wood 





ETYMOLOGY. 


221 


WICK WINC UIC K 


VIC 


Aid Hade Ade 


El Ele (Eld Hel) 


Owst Oust Oste Hoste 


Ad Ade 






Aust Oust 


Fish Fise 


Rede 


Appletree Apletree 


Green Grene 


Bus Rise 


Be Bhcich Biuinch 


Giggles Ghigeles 


Sal 


Bes Base 




SkipitfZf/t Sckipezwc 


Barnolds Bernulfes 


Hard Ard 


Stan Steinuege Sten- 


Bor Borch Bere 


He Ha Hade 


weghes (? Stanways) 


Butter Butvuid Butruic 


Hel Helg (now Eld) 


Sunderland Sundrelan 


Burst Broste Brocste 


Hawks Hoches 


Sundreslan 


Bar Ber Bere 


Kes Ches (Durikes) 


Suth South Sutha 


Cat Catin Coting Cat- 


Chesi??a Chesiwc 


Tate Tod 


ing 


Kild Chile Chille Childe 




Cranzyj'c Crans 


Kiln Chile Chelinge 


Wei 




GMlwid 


West 


Dun see Kes 


Kep Cap Chipe 


Wike Wyke Wich Wic 




Killer Chilvestre 


wine (wid see with) 


Ebor Eur Ure Yore 




Wyke/m??i Wic 


Yor-k 


Monk Monn Monc 


Wils 


Els Edelels Ethels 




Withern Witforne 


Ears Edres Edrez 


Ness Nessvmc 


Widforn Withforn 


East Est 


Nun Nonne 




Elstern Asten 




Yarn Gern (Gernan 




Osbald Osbold 


owner) 




THORN 




Caw Cal 


Pay Pathorae Va^thorp 


Thorne Torne 


Cra 




Thirne Thirn 


Lang Langf/iorp 


Siggles Siglesfou 
Spenni Speninge^jorp 


Thorntons numerous 
Torenton Toreton 


Ow 


FORD FORTH 


Thorngumbalds 


Aber 


CuCud 


Mil 


Ample Ambre Ampre 






Arn Erne 


Dish Dis 


Neres Nar Cheneres 




Duns Dunes Done 


Chenares 


Bar Bere 






Bee Biworth Biword 


Ful Gate-Ful Fole also 


Pile now Pilewood see 


Bol Bodel 


Fulthorp 


Pilmoor 


Bird 






Brad 


Gar Gere (In)gere 


Ruf Ru 


Boles 






Brines Bvinsworth 


Hack Ache 


Scot Scoz 




Hart Her 


Slenning Sclen Sclenne 


Cambles Cameles 


Hors Hose Horse 


Spof Spo Spaw 


Canbes Games 




Stain Sten Stran 


Cam Cbrenc 


Keres Creves Creues 


(Strang) Stein 


Clif Cli 


Knar Kenares 


Start Strad 



222 


ETYMOLOGY. 




FORD FORTH.— ] 


FLEET 


WATH 


(continued). 


Adeling Adelingesjiuet 


Wath Wat Wad Wade 


Straf Stra 




Wate 




Mar Mere/Jo* Meveflet 


Rainingwai now Rain- 


Tud Tu&worth 




ton 




Stilling Stenmgfled 


Wicles Wiggiesworth 


Stefling/eW 


FERRY 


Wermes Warms worth 


Tot fled 






Ferry bridge Ferie 


Yaf la Ei 


Yoke Iugu Iucu 


Ferry Frysfoji 


MERE MARE MARSH MERSC MARSKE 


Asckiles Ascheles 


Loft Loctemersc 


Ra.wma.rsh Rodewzesc 




Little or Parvo Mersc 


Ttedmere mar Hoimare 


"Buhner "Bolemere Boles- 


Mareis 


He&mire Rideware 


ford 


Marr Marra 


Rodemare see RatbmeZ 


€hilves 


Maxudes 




Chigoges Chigo 


Odulfs Oudulfs 


Salt mersc 
Seamer Se 


he&emare Sledmere 




Sled Slide 


see below 


Pickering marishes 




AIE 


EY AY SEY SAIE EA 


Ark sey Archesei 


Hornsea Hornes-se 


Vidsea (Burton) 




Hessav Esdesai Hesse- 


Pu&sey Podechesaie 


Bard Berels Ber&esei 


sai 




Berrets 


Hougenai 


Hotsea Rotes-se 


Broxa Breche 








Kilnsea Chilnesse 


Sessaw Sezai 


Embsay Embsie 


Chilesey 


Skipsm 


HaiTHerels Herselaige 


Melse Meaux 


Wibsey Wibetes-<? 


lErlsey 


BURN BRUN 


Withernsea Witfornes 
Widfornes 


Al&burn Aldbrough 


Gis Ghise 


Ouse Use 


Au Ele 


Glus Gluse 




Ber 

Burnous 


Gise&orne Gmsbroiiyh 


Pick Piche 


Kil Chile 


Sand Sa' 




Kirk 


Sber Scire Schire 


Col Cor 




Scires Schires 


Coteburun Covteborne 


Ley heborne 


South Sud 


Coteburn 




Slaid Slate 




Mel Middel Midel&orae 


Stain Stan 


East Aust August Ese 






Est 


Na Na&orne 


Wei Welle 


Eller Eire 


Nun-burn holme 


West 

Winter Wiutre 


Fair Fare 


Otter Otre 





ETYMOLOGY. 



223 



WELL 

Brace Brais 
Braith Brade 

€ald Crade Calde 

Dere Dar field 

Ems Helmes Elraes 

Haux HauocliesHauocs 

Hars Erse 

Hinder Hildre Heldre 

Ildre 
Hips Hippie Hiple 
Huds Hudres Udres 

Kettle Chetel 

Rims Bimes 



Both Rode Rods 

Shad Scad 

Whit Wite 
Well also Welton 
Womb Wanb \Yanbella 

BROOK 

Kel Chel&roc Cheue&roc 
Skel Scale&r<2 Scale&ro 

BECK 

Eller Eire Aire 

Isle Isel 

Skirpen Scarpin&gn/ 
Scarpen&ec 



DIKE 

Diche Lelley Dike 
Die 

Eas Esc 

KELD 

Halli TLalicheld 

SPRING 

Ox Ospring 

FOSS FORCE 

Cat Cate 

Fang Frang 
Force Fors 



SKELF SCHELF SHELFE SKEW SCOL 
ESK SK SGOE USC 



Aiskeiv EchescoZ 
Aske Hasse Hase 

Eske Asch 

Caldenesc7i£ 
Aiskeic EchescoZ 

See ~Bashall 

Egescop Eyescop 

Hinders Jrelfe Hildre- 
schelj Ildre 



Aid 

Am Gerne Erne Lern 

Atter Ate 

Cot 

Clifton Hartishead cum 

Clifton 
Cliffe Clive 
Cleveland Cli&lorid 
•Crumbe clive Cunbeclif 

Crxmkley 



Hxmshelf scelf 

Kippax Chipesch 

Raschel skelfe 

Salescale 
See Skelton 
Shelf Scelf 
Scatters^?/ Co&veschelf 

CLIFFE CLIVE 

Fellis Felges 

llkley Illeclive (British 
Llecan Roman Oli- 
cana Alicana) ?ley or 
klev 

Lang Lan 

North South 

[Nor Sut Light all 



Tamhelf Tateshall 

Tatesella 
Thirsk Tresche Tresc 
ThurnescoZ Dermescop 

Ternusch 

Vlleskelf Oleslec Uls- 
chel 

Waldei shelf e Scevelt 



near Halifax] 

Ox Oxen 

Raw Rode Roude 

Top 

Whitstone 
Wy Wit 



224 


ETYMOLOGY. 




HILL 


HOW 


Suf Sud 




Claro 


Stans 


AddZe AdeZ 








Greenhow 


Tan Tane 


Bothill (Bootle Bodel 


Gvimeshou 


Thresh Tresch Fresch 


see Bol) 


Ghinipe/tou Knype 


Threl Trelefalds 


Barn Bern7jeZ£Bernhild 




Thorp 


Bui-rill BoreZ 


Howe Hou 






Huntoit 


Wake Wache 


Crake CrecaZ 


Manes/iou 


Warn Warnes 


Eccles/iZZZ Egles/iZZ 




LAND 


Aikilshill 


Quevnhowe 


Bow Bol 


Farn Fern 


Skellcw Scan/iaZZa 


Bur Bir 

By Beye Bege 


Goxhill Golse 


Tores/io?t 


Cleve CliffZond 


Hart HertiZ 


FIELD FELT 


Cros Crois 


HessZe Hase 


Aid 






Auster Oustre 


Ea El Elont 


Ule IdeZ 








Danefeld 


Greet Gre 


Pick/u'ZZ PickZes PicaZa 


Dar Dei eivell Deveweld 


Hoy Hoi Ho 


Ry/iiZZ RicheZZa Ri/jeZZe 


Cants (Canute's) 


Strick Sterc 


Stork/»'ZZ Estoch Es- 


Dri Dry (Deira) 


Stain Stan 


torch 


Duf Du 


Sunder land-wick 


Tick formerly DadesZei 
Thorn TorniZ 


Eccles Ecles 
Hat Hai Hei Hed 


Thurgo Turges 
Thurstan Tosten 


Toot Totele 


Helli Uelgeflet 
Heath Higre 


JJ-psland Upsale Opsale 


Ug 


Hudders Oderes 


Yea la see also Elland 


Wart7uZZ Ward 


Kel Chelche 




Wig/u'ZZ WicheZes 




MOOR MORE 


WresseZ Were so. 


Jj&ngjield feld 


Carles mor 




Leckon Lachin 


HOPE 


L&nguelt liSLiagwith 


Fad Fade 


Bram 


Man Manne 




Markin Merche Marken 


Gilla Gedlinges 




Mir 


Grans Grenz Grentes 


Hiccup Echope 






Mid Mith 


Nord Nor/eZ 
Nes Nace 


Hex Chetes Cotes 


[Hope Hill Baildon] 




ACRES 




Raven Ravenes 


EDGE EC ECH 


Shef Sea Scevelt Esea- 


Ones Anes 


Livers Livres Leofres 


felt 


South Sos Sotesac 



ETYMOLOGY. 



225 



FOLD FALDE 
Stot Stod Sto 
FIRTH 

Holm 
[Firth Frith] 

NESS 

Amounder Agmander 

Cotness Cotes 

Fur 

Hack Hage 
Holders Helder 

Nesse Ness Neisse 
^es field 

ROSS ROOS 

Roos 
Ross 

Wrose 

LEY LACH 

Alwood Alwold 
An Aiie Ain 
Auston Alstanes 
Auck Alches Alces 

Alche 
Ardsley ErdesZawe 

Erdeslan 
Arm ErmZai 
Azer Asser Aserla 

Haser AserZe 

Barns Bernes 

Beams Bomes Bedmes 

BoinesZai Bemes 
Bat Bathe 
Bent Bened Benes 

Bene 'Benedlage 
BarZow BerZai 
Bever Bevre 
Bewer Beure 
o 



Bier BirZe 

Bing Binghe 

Billing BiliDg Binge 

Brad 

Bram 

Brier Brese 

Bur Burghe 

Calver Caver 
Cast 
Cant 

CathZat now CattaZ 
Conon Cutn 
Cotting Coting 
Crunk Cvubeclive 
Cvumbeclive clif 

Dades (Tates?) now 

Tickhill 
Dreb Dreblaie 
Duns DunesZa 

Em Ame 
Ever EureZa# 

Fars Fersel 

Filey FiueZac FuceZac 

Feslei Fesler (Halifax?) 

see also Faceby 
Farn Fern Fere Fer 
Frick Friche7irtZe Frice 

Frich 

Grant Grent 
Guise Gise 

Heading Heding 
HelmsZei/ ElmesZac 

Almes Hamelsec/t 

Elmesac 
Heind Hinde Inde 
Hes 
Hilden Hildinges Ild- 

inges 
HindreZac HindreZac7t 

now Richmond In- 

dreZa^ 
Hon Hane 
Huns Hundeslege 

Urmdveslege 

Ilkley Illeclive (Alicana 



Roman) Illic 

Keigh Chich 
Kins Chines 
Knotting Noting 

Leath Lede 
Lin Lind Lil 
Lei 

Meth Mede 

Midg 

Mar Marde Merde 

Mart he 
Mor ~Morelege 

Osmother AsmnndreZac 
Ot Oth Ote 

Pil 

Pain PagkenaZe Pade- 

liale 
Pock PocheZa/PocheZae 

Rip Ripe 

Saw Sal Sot 
Skep Seppe Scipe 
Shel Scelne Scive 
Ship Scip 
Sproat SproteZe 
Stan Stain Stane 
Stain Estan Estol 

Nordstan Stan 
Stokes StochesZa^e 
Stud StolZai 
Stave Stan 

Tankers Tancres 
Thorn Thorneslag 
Tins TirnesZawe 
TinesZaw 

U101 

ut 

Wads Wades Wade 

War Wer 

Wens WendresZa^a 

WentresZa/7e 
Wands WandesZa^a 
Wheat WateZa^e 
Whip Wipe 



226 



ETYMOLOGY. 



LEY — (continued). 
Whit Wit Witelai 
Wickers Wicres Win- 

cres 
Wol Wilve 
Womers Wlmeres 

Wilmeres 
Wort Wr Wirt Wir 
Wbix CuseZadeCruches- 

larja Cucheslage 
Winks Winches Wich- 

inges 
Weard Wartte Warda' 

Wait 

Years 'Euveslage 
LAW LOW 

ArdsZ*?/ Erdeslau 
ArdisZaiy 

"Barlow lai 
Bierloiv lai 

ChelZo?# Skellow Celes- 
law Scan/iaZZe 

TinsZey Tineslawe 
Tingley Tinglaw 
ThingeZaw 

LAUGH LAI 

He&laugh HaiZa#a 
Helage H&le 

Skirlaugh Schir Scir/at 

HOLE 

Fox FoxZe Foxs/jo/e 

CROFT 

Moles Mole 
Sea Sa 
Wate 

HALL ALL 

BashaZZ B&schelf 
Bealt Begate 



BirdsoZZ BritesZiaZe 

BridesZtaZe 
Boi'dal (Boredale) 
BossaZZ Boscele 

Bosciale 
BrignaZZ BringhenaZe 

Bringhale 
Bmnsall Br'meshale 

CampsaZZ C&nsale 
CatheraZZ CatreaZ Cath- 

rhaZa 
CattaZ CathaZ<? Cath- 

alai CatZiaZa 
CrakeZtaZZ CracheZ 

DinesZwZ^ Bmsdale 
DirnesZiaZ 

ElrasaZZ Ermes7iaZe 
Ellel Ellhale 

Finga 11 FingaZa 

Gomer«aZZ GomesZzaZe 
Gomershale 

Hensall Edes/taZe 

Kiddial Cbidale (?dale) 
KillingZmZZ Cheni 
Chene CbilingaZc 

LoversZioZZ GueresaZZ 
Luvres/iaZe 

Mule7iaZ<? 

New Niwe Neu 

PreesaZZ Presold*? 
Padehall, now PainZe?/ 

RiccaZ RicaZ/RicZtaZe 

Ricca/Z 
RossaZ Boshale 
RoaZZ RuZiaZe 

SandaZZ SandaZa 
SaxZiaZZa 
Sickling Siding 



SnydaZZ SniteZmZa 
Strensa 11 Strenshale 
Stanc/Z Steines/jaZe 
Snay^iZZ Snache/iaZe 

TatesZiaZZa Tates^ZZa 
(now Tanshelf ?) See 
Dades 

Upsale Upsall Upes/iaZ 
,, also UpsZawrf 

WilsaZZ WilsZZZ Wifles- 

liale WivesZmZe 
WorraZZ WihaZa 
WorsaZZ WerchesZiaZe 
Winces/ieZ 

STALL 

HeptonsZaZZ 

NosZeZZ Oscle Osle 

TroutsrfaZe TruzsZaZ 
Tun Tone Tonne 

DON 

Bail Beldune 
Bur BurghrZunm 

Coledun now Colden 

For 

Hi now Hive 
Huntingdon dune 

Raw Boudun Rodun 
(Rawde/i in error) 
RowcZuu 

SkeWorc Skelden 
StapleoZun ton 

Yea I&dun 

GRIF GRAVE 
GROVE 

Copgrove Coipegrave 



GKIF GRAVE 

GROVE— (con). 

Falsgra ve Wales Walles 
Yalsgrif grip 

riff Grif 

axgrave Gere Ghere 

HowHouer/remHoaram 
Hildegrip Hilda Green 
Ildegrip 

Mulgrave Mulgrif 
[Mule was owner] 

Orgrave Ourgrif Nort- 
grif 

■Stonegrave Stanegrif 
Steine Stain 

GILL 

Crunkley 

Ray R&ghil 

Scar ScracreSeacreghil 
Snay Snache/iate 

RICK RIDGE 

Askrigg Ascr/c 

Cookridge Cucheric 
C&tterick Catrice 

JLserick Ascri 

Mamcfc Marige Mange 

Rastrzcft ric Raistrick 

CARR KER 

FAleker Alrecher 

Golcar Gudlagesarc 
argo 

Hawsfter Hawkes&er 

garth 
Holder Holecher 



ETYMOLOGY. 

Widfer 

SCARD 

Scard 

GARTH SCARD 

Aysgarth Echescard 

STEAD 

Gan Gagenstaa" 

Winstead Wine Wif 
Wivstede 

ARGH ERGH 

Golcar Gutklagesarr/o 
Goosnargh Gusansarge 
Grimsergh 

Manser^ /j 

Stratesergum 

ER OUR 

Hunsingore Vlsigoure 
Hulsing Holsing 

Overblow Oreblawer 

Ryther Rie 

Thorne;- Torneurc 

Tornoure 
Todoure 

ET HEAD HEVED 

Chevet Cev Chiv 

~Forset Forsed 

Ravtshead Horteseue 
H&vtisheued Hartckgf 

Kelset Cheles Cheles- 

tuit (see thwaite) 
Kellett Chell 



227 

Lissef Lessee 
[Lnpset Lupuskeved] 

Mmiet Mint 
Moorset Moorside 
*Mu\hede 

Osset Ozleset 

~Rosset Roserte 

Swainsef Suens 
Selsa? Sehide 

Tocketts Toscotun 
Tocstun 

WOOD WOLD 

Alwoodley Ahcoldley 

Coxicold Cucualt 

EasingiroZd Eisincwald 

HsLreivood 
Haslewood Hesel Esel 

Vileicood Pil/brd 

Westwood 
Whitwood Witwde 

HOLT 

Esh Ash 

Herles 'Evlcshow Her- 
\eshow 'Evleshold 

FOREST 

Barnsdale 
Bolland Bowland 

Galtres 

Knaresborough 

TOFT 

Altofts Toftes 



228 



ETYMOLOGY. 



TOFT— (continued). 
Amol&stoft thorp 

"Elestolf Estolf 

It&ngtoft 

Thimtoft Timetot tov 

tost 
Toftes 

Williio/i Wilgetot 

COTE COATES 

Cold C&l&ecotes 
Crosby Cote 

Yencotes 

Kiplin gco tes Clinibi 
Clinbicote 

South Coates Sotecote 

WITH WID VID 

UID 

Ask Asc 

Beck Becvi 

Birst BeristacZe 

Bram Bv&mvit Bv&mcat 

Br&mvet BrsLnwode 
Bubivith Bubvid 
Buttruirf now Butter- 

wick 

Cotting CoteuicZ Cot- 
imei 

li&ngwith IjeLnguelt 
(? velt, field) 

Bcokwith Bocuid 
Bocwid 

Ski-pivith Sckipewic 
Tockivith Tocvi 
THWAITE TUET 
Hus 



Hunder HundredestoiJ 
toith 

Ingulfs Ingulvesfatei 
(Ingolds) 

Kelset Ch.elestu.it 

Lang liSLiigtouet touft 

Mickle Muceltuoit tuit 

AIKE ACH 

Aike Ach 

Skh-acA* Skymcfc Sira- 
ches 

BOLD BALD 

New Niwe 
Tkorngum&flM 
LITH LIF LYTHE 
Broughton Lytlie 
Grind aly the 
HanZi//( Hangeh'/* 
Irelith GerleuwM 
Lytbe Lid Lithe 
Pickering Lythe 

LEAT LET LID 
Hurislet 

UpZu?er Up-LeaAam 
Westlid West-Lm£ham 

LEAKE 

Leake Leche Leek Lech 
Lece 



HALGH HOLF 

Green 

Streons (now Whitby) 
SKIP SCIP jj 
In 
Min 

ING 

Birkin Berchirjg 
Boll Bowl Bollinc 
Brun Bryn 

Cowl Coll 
Cleav Clevinde 
Ches Kesivick 
Chipp 

Die Dicker 

Fitl Fidl 

Fyl Figel Nortfigel 

Gill Ghellinges 
Gernbl Chemel Ghemel 

Kiplin Chipelinge 
Keel Chil iVunchel 

Leven Ledl 
Lill Lil 

Mell 

Morthlng Morthen 

Picker 

Scriven Scriving Scrav 
Skeckl Scachel 
Stain 

INGHAM 

Cot 

Walk &c. (see under) 





ETYMOLOGY. 


229 


INGHALL 

Sickl &c. (see under) 
INGTON 


many others, all on 
the line of Roman 
roads, such as Tong 
Street, Lightcliffe 
Street 


CROSS 

Crosland 

Hutton Lowcross 


Bridl 

Drigl Drigel 
Orass Chersi/i 


CHESTER 
CASTER 

Acaster 


Osgold Osgot 

hundred's court 
Stain Stan ,, ,, 
Sneculf ,, ,, 

LAKE 


Kilving 


Don Done caster 


'Elslick ElesZac (see 


Mill 


Hen Henne caster 


slack 


Otter 


Lan Lon caster 


Fishlake Fixcate 
FisceZac 


Pockl Pocl 


Rib Ribel Chester 


BRIG 


Scellin 
Shitl 


Tad Tate caster 
KIKK CHURCH 


Ag Age Hzgebruge 
Brighouse 


Wapl &c. (see under) 
INGWOLD 

Easiug &c. (see under) 


Felixkirk (formerly 
Eridebi ?) 

Oswald Oswaldesc7i<?rc<? 
cerce 


Ferryhridge 

GATE 
Flower Florun Wbitby 


INGBY 


Romaldkirk Rurnoldes 


Gate Fulf ord 


Bess &c. (see under) 


St. Michaels on "Wjre 


Hug Hughete (see et 


GRIS 


Whit Woodkirk 


head) 


Oristhornton Gristhorp 
[Gris Greece Greis 
Gries stepping stones 
across a stream of 


TEMPLARS 
Temple Newsham 


Mickle 

POOL 
Black- 


water ; often called 
hippings] 


Timble Timbe (?) 


Dry Drit Dridpold 


LE STREET 


GRANGE 


HamDoZf Hane TLonepol 


Barton le Street and 


Sturton &c. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 


Pool Pouele 


Ainsty Annesti Einsti 

Anstig 
Arnold (Axnestorp 
Aldwark Aldwerc 


Alne 

Armin Ermenie 
Alvengi Kirk Ella 
(Alwin owner) 


Bare 
Becca 

Beddern Bithen 
Birkin Berchin 



230 



ETYMOLOGY. 



MISCELLANEOUS— (continued). 



Bootle (see Bodel Bol 
Blaten Can Blatun 
Bracken Brachen 
Brame Michel Brame 

see Br&ham 
Brecca 
Buttercrambe Bute- 

crame see Crambe 

Cave 

Caville Cbevetle 

Chevede 
Clint 
Crambe Crambon 

Crambom (see ham) 
Crayke Creic 
Craven 
Croom Crogun Cro'un 

Cogrun 
Crimbles Crimeles 
Crooks Croche 

Dacre 
Drax Drac 

Fesler (see Halifax 

Faceby Fixby) 
Fordbodel 

Galtres Gerlcstre 

Halifax (Feslei) 

Hidon Hive 

Hawade 

Hert 

Hessle Hasel Hase 

Hacle Acklam 

Himslet 



Knipe Gnip Ghinipe 

Kelk Chelche 

Kilpin Chelpin (see ing) 

Landmoth mot 
Lacock 
Leece Lies 
Leven Levens 
Lund Lont 

Leeds Ledes Lede Lied 
(Leds/^a//;) Lead Led 
Jjevetot hevetat 

Marr Marra Marie 
Meaux Melse 
Munet Mint 
Malsis Melsis Cheldis 

Chelchis 
Moss Newose 
Mulede 

Nappa Napars 
Nidd Nit Nith 
NuttlesNotele(?Knut , s 
or nut hill) Notheles 

Overblow see Kirkby 
Oreblawers 

Preese Pres 

Prsene (Presten Prest- 

ham?) 
Pontefract 
Paull Paghel Pagele 

Quick Tohac 

Reeth Bic 



Bichmond see Hlndre- 

lage 
Bonth Buthe Bute 
Bipon 
Bise Bisorc Bisurc Ry- 

some 
Bathmell Bodemele 

Bodemare 
Byther Bidre Bie 

Stockeld 

Slyne 

Stalmin 

Swine Suine 

Settle Setel 

Swarth Warte (see 

Wart re) 
Stock Stoche 
Snaith Esneid Esnoid 
StarbottonStamphotne 
Stubbs Eistop Istop 
Skirne Schirne (see 

Askern) 
Tansterne 

Thwing Twenc Tuenc 
Thoack Quick 
Tong Thong Tuinc 
Treales Treueles 
Thirsk Tresch 

Watlas Wadles 
Wales Walise 
Wassand Wadsand 
Wetwang (ham) 
Wartre 

Weel Wela Vela 
Wheldrake Coldrid 
Wilema 
Wressel Weresa 



PREFIXES AND POSTFIXES. 

Some names became so common, or two or more of the 
same name were so close together that it became necessary 
to add either the name of the family that subsequently owned 
the village, or a descriptive word to indicate its position or 
contiguity. 

PREFIXES. 



Bishop 
Bank 



Brans Brantis 
Bridge 



Castle 
Cherry 



ETYMOLOGY. 



2S1 



PREFLXE S - (continued) . 



Cold 
Copt 


log 


Out 


Chapel 


Kirk 


Paull 


Church 




Patrick 


Croshy 


Little 


Potter 


Constable 


Long 


Priest 




Low and Lower 


Parva see Little 


Dim 








Magna see Great 


Rough 


East 


Middle 




Earls 


Market 


Santri ('? Sanctuary) 




Monk 


Sheriff 


Ferry 


Moor 


Sand 


Full 


Mickle 


Slade 




Mith see Middle 


South Suf Sut Uth 


Gate 


New 


Sutton 


Glass 


Nether nearer nar (see 




Great 


over upper) 


Temple 


Green 


North 






Nun 


Upper 


Hanging 


Norton 




High 




West 


Hutton 


Old 


Wold 




Over 


Wood 




POSTFIXES. 




Ahbey 


Church 


Hill 


Agnes 


Clay 


Hole 


Audlin 


under Cotcliffe 


Hougrave 


Ash 


Cote 


Hesley 


Arch 




Husthwaite 


Arncliffe 


Ella see Alvengi 


Jaglin 


Bank 


on the Forest 




Bardolf 


Fleetharn 


Knowle 


Basset 


Farm 


Kirk 


le Beans 


Flemming 


Kyine 


Bonville 


Field 




Bryan 


le Fylde 


Leonard 


Bridge 




Levet 


Byenaw 


Garth 


Lowcross 


Bushel Buscel 


Gate 


Lythe 


Bywater 


Gill 






Greenhow 


Magna see Great 


Castle 


Grange 


Malbis 


le Clay 


Green 


Malzeard 


Carr 


Grindalythe 


Mauleverer 


Constable 




Marsh 


Conyers 


Hall 


sub Montem 


Cliffe 


Hang 


Morell 


Chapel 


Head 


Miniot 



POSTFIXES- 


OOY 

-(coi 


itinued). 


le Moor 


Priory 






under Scar 


enle Mortben Morthin# 


Parva see Little 




Swaine 


Mulgrave 








Sessay 


Mispertou 


Quernhowe 






Spalding Moor 


Moorside 










Myers 


Richard 
Roebuck 






Town 
Thorp 


on the Marsh 


Roberts 






Tyas 


Overblow 


Ross 
Rust 






Underdale 


Pagnell 


Rudby 








Patrick 








under Whitstone Cliffe 


Percy 


Salvin 






Watlas 


Perrow 


le Sands 






Walden 


Pidsea 


Selby 






Wallis 


Pickhill Pickles Pighills 


le Street 






Willoughby 


Pighulls 


Stapleton 






le Willows 


Picot 


Steward 






Wolds 


Park 


Steeple 






Wood 


In Bv, 1 


jey, Thorpe, Ford, 


Ham and Ton 


Most of 


the Yorkshire 


place-names run. 



In attempting to supply the etymologies, I purposely 
refrain from applying the meanings to individual instances, 
because it would be foolish to be dogmatic in many cases, 
until the thousands of other Yorkshire instances of place- 
names, not given in Domesday Book, have been classified, 
and the geographical surroundings compared. Further, it 
is very desirable to gather all the early spellings from ancient 
title deeds ; cautiously avoiding such as shew that the writer 
was disposed to Romanize the endings, and sometimes the 
spellings, to suit his own fanciful idea of the meaning. 

I have not multiplied the references to the languages of 
Northern Europe, and believe that the present purpose will 
be served by confining our attention to four main sources, 
indicated by the influx of 

(1) The British element, or Celtic language, (Welsh, Irish, 
Gaelic), consisting almost exclusively of names of rivers 
and hills ; the Romans added very few. 

(2) The Anglian, from the country south of Denmark: the 
Saxons settled in the south — in Essex, Middlesex, Sussex, 
Wessex ; and the Jutes in Kent : 450 to 700. 

(3) Norse or Scandinavian, from Norway and Sweden. 

(4) Danish, and some Frisians. 



ETYMOLOGY. 233 

The majority of the place-names in this Yorkshire book are 
■of Norse and Anglian origin, which differ very little in most 
particulars. Danish words are few, but strongly noticeable. 

The place-names of this volume apart from the roots, (ton, 
thorpe, ley, &c), indicate — 

(1) some noticeable geographical peculiarity of the place. 

(2) The claim made by or given to the original owner or his 
family ; the settlement of a particular family, (a.d. 450 to 
700 or later.) 

(3) Places named after the old homesteads in Scandinavia. 

(4) Norman owners, post-conquest, have their names added 
to a few places. 

It will be noticed that some words may be found both as 
prefix, root, and affix ; e.g., Clifton, Cliffe, Lightcliffe ; Thorp- 
Arch, Thorp, Buslingthorpe. 

The corruptions — one often hears of — in the Domesday 
manuscript are (so far as Yorkshire is concerned,) very few, 
whilst the elucidations afforded are numerous. 

The Yorkshire Dialect Student may find very much assist- 
ance by comparing transmutations of letters, f for v, w for v, 
g and y, s and sh, j and y, t, d and th, c and k, q and w, th 
and f, &c, as well as from the wide diffusion of words that 
are largely synonymous. Norse had some vowel sounds that 
are not preserved in English except in dialects. 

The local and general historian may trace the condition of 
the land, and the state of the people in almost every name ; 
but we are far from being able to classify the strata of suc- 
cessive immigrants, and the dates of their settlements. It is 
remarkable how little mythology and folk-lore have entered 
into place-names ; and how little the Romans have impressed 
their power on the language — apart from the Casters and 
Streets. It is not easy always to discover whether a York- 
shire settlement is named after the abandoned homestead 
across the Norseman's Sea, or whether both bear the name 
because of similar situation, or the original proprietors had 
similar names. By original owner, I simply mean the Norse- 
man who settled here, after whom the place was named : no 
more remote ownership need be thought of. Modern sur- 
names (generally dating back to 1300-1400,) have had nothing 
to do with the giving of pre-Norman place-names. Fixby 
was undoubtedly Fek's by, but the cle Fixby family are post- 
Norman. I would like to see a series of Yorkshire maps, — 



234 ETYMOLOGY. 

but we are far from having the materials at hand, and further 
from their proper classification, — indicating 

(1) all the names of water, rivers, tarns, swamps and the like ; 

(2) all the hills, plains, dales, doughs, gills, crags, fells, &c; 

(3) all the woods, coits, thwaites, royds, fields, trees, &c. ; 

(4) all the (ancient) streets, ways, fords and forths ; 

(5) all the burghs, dikes, monoliths, and earthworks ; 

(6) all the places that have original founders' names prefixed ; 

(7) all ecclesiastical and mythological elements in the place- 

names. 

One of the laws of Canute, 1017-1035, shews that 
Christianity was far from being universal in Angleland : 

We forbeodath . . . We forbid 

eornostlice relone . . . earnestly each 

hsethenscype, ... heathenship, 

tha3t man idola ... that man idols 

Weorthige ha3thene ... worship heathen 

Godas & Sunnan , . . Gods & the Sun 

oththe Monan ... or the Moon, 

Fyre oththe flodwaeter . . . fire or flowing water 

wyllas oththe stanas ... wells or stones, 

oththe amiges cynnes ... or any kinds 

Wudu treowa ... wood trees 

oththe wiccan craft ... or witchcraft. 

These seven maps, when we are ready for them, might be 
printed in various colours to represent the successive inhabit- 
ants ; British names in blue ink, Roman in red, Anglian and 
Norse in two other colours, Danish in another. Failing this, 
we might secure a preliminary series — a political one — (1) a 
map that supplies all the tons, (2) another all the leys, (3) 
another all the thorps, and (4) another all the burgs. The 
rest of the key-names may be on a separate map. 

Whilst some names indicate the description of the position 
others shew the defensive construction, others the character 
of the soil, others the nature of the surrounding district, such 
as contour, covering, condition, colour. 

We have, as yet, few printed lists of ancient Norse, Danish 
and Anglian personal names, beyond the Icelandic Name 
Book. Searle's Onom. Angl. Sax., and others mentioned in 
the previous pages. Whilst I could have printed more names 
of Norsemen that I have found in old lists, (Floki, Brand, 



ETYMOLOGY. 235 

Snel, Sneculf, and scores of others that support their intro- 
duction into our place-names,) I can assert that I have 
vouched for all heing personal names of pre-Norman date \ 
and many of them mentioned as owners of land in Domesday 
Book itself. 

Of the original settlers, we may learn particulars by the 
place-names, such as their vigorous activity in breaking 
np the forest land ; their sense of rights, properties and 
ownership ; their methods of defence ; their daring and enter- 
prise, against wolves and Celts ; their love of freedom, home, 
and local self-rule ; the rights of the individual and the obli- 
gations of a community ; their presence of mind inculcated 
by sea-roving lives and surrounding land dangers; their 
equity to all their children, and their claim to provincial 
management. The Norse and Anglians have given us their 
sturdy character : authority did not work from King to people 
but from people to King. They had not the dreaminess of 
the Celt, nor the easifulness of the Saxon. 

The student of Natural history may find particulars of 
trees and animals, soil and minerals, mills and trades, water 
rights and fences. 

Hraurnar thaull, 

Su er stench* thorpi a, 

Hlyrat henni baukr ne barr. 

Sna er mathr fa 

Er inanngi anu ; 

Hvat skal ban lengi lifa? 

Tbe pine falls to decay 

Wbicb stands in tborpi 

It bas no bark nor leaves to protect it. 

Like sucb is man 

Wbo bas none to befriend bim : 

Wherefore sbould be linger on ? 

These grand old Scands and Anglians had a literature and 
learning, but alas ! little remains. Their runic inscriptions 
had nearly all vanished, before Prof. Stevens and others dis- 
covered there was a lost Northern literature. 

The Aryan language has two main lines — 

(1) Celtic which divides into two branches 

fa ) Gaelic, — Ireland, Mann, Isles of Scotland, Brigantes 

(West Yks.) 
(b) Cymric, — Welsh, Breton, Parisu (East Riding). 

(2) Teutonic, — (a) Germanic dialects, — Anglian, Saxon r 

Frisian. 



236 ETYMOLOGY. 

(b) Scandinavian, — Norse, Icelandic, Dansk. 

Whilst the Norsemen were inclined to regard ranges of 
hills as their bounds and protection, the Anglians — by old 
association — were led to consider rivers and becks as their 
natural boundaries. 

May I caution readers from trying to find the meaning of 
one name from a combination of two words from different 
languages. Such hybrids are generally impossible, though 
there are cases where a later people have added their own 
description to the old name which they did not properly 
comprehend. Next, always seek for the most abiding causes, 
in preference to such transient ideas as the existence of birds 
or animals, — fox, heron, rook, &c. The more fanciful and 
poetic a name, the more tenaciously will the ignorant hold 
fast to it. 

I believe that what has been so constantly called the 
Danish settlement of our County should be more properly 
called a Norse settlement, the Danes largely being those who 
resided with the Norwegians and Swedes. Among other 
evidences of this we find in Scandinavia, on a casual survey, 
places with names of similar meanings to many Yorkshire 
places, which can only be explained in two ways ; either the 
Yorkshire settlers named their new abodes in memory of 
their old homesteads, or the geographical environments cor- 
responded, and names were given to describe those conditions 
altogether independent of old associations (if they were re- 
membered) of the homes they had left. 

Applethwait corresponds to the Scandinavian Eplethvet ; 
Aske — Aske ; Ask with — Askwike ; Adel — Adahl ; Berkin — 
Barkinge ; Barwick — Burwick ; Bowling) Boiling) — Balinge ; 
Braithwaite — Braithveit ; Cleveland — Kleveland ; Byland — 
Bielland ; Ealand — Alunda ; Easby — Asby ; Goole — Gool ; 
Holm — Holm; Howden — Hooden ; Howland — Hoyland ; 
Lund — Lund ; Lofthouse — Loftus ; Lee — Lie ; Lowthorp — 
Loderup ; Marton — Martuna ; Moulthorp — Moltorp ; Milby — 
Melby ; Risby — Ryssby ; Skipton — Skeptuna ; Starbeck — 
Stabek ; Sharrow — Skaro ; Thirsk — Thorsk ; Tong — Tonga ; 
Thorp— Thierp ; Timble— Tibbie ; Upsall— Upsala ; Wike— 
Wikes ; are examples. 
A, Ay, Ai, ey, sey, Ays, Esch, Ex, Ea, An, Ax, Eches, Asch, 

Asc, Esk, Aske, yea ; streams, ponds, water. 
Ach, Agh, Och, Aqua (Latin), Ux, Uks (Sanscrit); water. 



ETYMOLOGY. 237 

Ax, isc, ash, esh, esse, ase, eas, ese ; these indicate the 

neighbourhood of water. 
Aber, Inver (Scotland), 'Ber, 'Bar, Abberth (Newton), Apper; 

confluence, Celtic. 
Afon, Avon ; flowing water ; Celtic. 
Aire, Ayr, Aar, bright water, gentle, " Still Are "; Celtic is 

joined to Anglian in Airton. 
An, aine ; stream, as in Alne, Arun, bright water. 
Allen, Alan, Alwen ; white stream, Alne. 
Adder, Awdder ; running water. 

A, Ac, Aike, Ake, Ec, Hoc, Ack, Ecclen*#(?), Ocker, Occle, 

Acle, Hac, Augh ; oak. 
Ackl, Achel ; oak(?), see personal name. 
Ash, As, Es, Ask, yEsc, Esc, esch ; ash tree ; to be carefully 

compared with Msc, water. 
Aller, Alders, Eller, Aid ; alder-tree ; to be compared with 

Alver, a person. 

Epil, Apel, Apple, Epple, Apul ; Appletree ; see Epli, Appel's 

(owner.) 
Arden, Gaelic, a wood. 
Aspen, Epin ; poplar tree. 
Abbey, monastic, as Kirkstall, Bolton was only a priory. 

Acres, Acre ; area, plot : akr is arable to distinguish it from 

engr, ings. 

al, all, sail, hala, hale ; hall. 

al, lie ; ley 

al, el, del, dal ; dale. 

al ; hill. 

alf, al, cal ; see haulgh. 

am, un, on, urn, ym, an ; see ham, holme. 
Aus, Osse, Auster, Oustre, Aust, August, Oust, Ast, Est; east. 

Whilst Austria is from Auster, the west, not Ost the east, 

(German) ; Australia is from Auster, south, (Latin). 
Ain, Ane, Ans, Ains : one ; see also personal name. 
Airmin, Armin, Ermenia ; terminus of the Aire. 
Alt, arran ; high, cliff. 
Aid, alden, eald, aud ; old. 
Ard, Ar, Hard ; high, great. 

Arn, Ern, Arnes, L'ern ; eagle, or a house ; see Arne's. 
Arr, Argh, Arg, Ery, Erg, Airy, argo, arc ; carr. Ergh ; arr. 
Ard is ploughed or arable ; arth means rough. 



238 ETYMOLOGY 

Augh, Hac, Ac, Aigh, Eg, Aik, Audi, Ack, Ache, Aches, Ai, 
Ace, Achath, Hach, Hag, Acke, Ag, Hage, Age ; some of 
these refer (as shewn by the context,) to Haigh, a hedge, 
Aike an oak ; augh, a field (doubtful.) 

Ad-wal, (Ad-vallum, on Roman road.) Ad; pile, pillar, cross 
cairn. 

Adder, snake ; see also Ather, Adwal. 

Abbe, Abe, Hab ; confluence. 

Ade, see with. 

Aiul, see Youl. 

Ais, see Eches. 

Aid, Ade, Hold ; old. 

Alne, Arn, Awn ; (1) sacred enclosure (2) stream. 

Alveng ; Ella. 

Alwold, Alwood ; possibly Alwold's. 

Ande 

Anger, Angra, Angram, an angle, Norse ; see Hunger ; 
meadow, marsh. 

Arp, Harp ? Arpen, an enclosure. 

Asel, Hessle. 

Aper, Eper, Eofer ; a boar. 

Asten, Elstern. 

Atter, Ate, at ; see also Adder, Ather, Adwal. 

Au, Ele, (eels?), also au, a pasture. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

i.e., Anglian, Norse or Danish. 

Abn, Haben's, Abben's. 

Ackl, Acl, Eckl, Hade, Lacl, Achel. for Ulchel's, Alchel's, 

Ackle's. 
Aculf's, Acule's, Aggie, Akel's. 
Adders, Adrish, Ether's. 
Addle, Adulfe's, Ardulf's, Adda's, Ade, Aethel, Hedda's, 

Adda son of Ida (550), Hade. 
Adelinge's, Adling, Ellin, Atheling's. 
iEfings, Effing's. 

Adding's, Edi, Edid, Oding, Ade's, Odin's, Hadding's. 
Aikmunder, Heckmond : or oak-hill, 
Aimundre's, Amother, Edmundre's, Hashund's, Asmunder's, 

Osmother's. 
Ainder's, Eindre, Endre, Aindre, Andre. 
M lings, and iE ting's. 



ETYMOLOGY. 239 

Aisla, Aslache's, Asulves, Assolfs. 

Aikil's, Egle's, Eccle's, Ayles, Ails, Eile's. 

Ain's, Ane's, Ans, Amies, Erne's, Ane, An, Ones. 

Alche's, Auck, Alces, Alch. 

Alines, Helmes. 

Alwin, Aluen, Ella, Alven, Alueng, Alwen's, Elving. 

Aid, Alden's, Ullen's, Aiding. 

Alwerd's, Eller, Alverd, Alward, Aller's, Aire, Alver, Elle, 
Ellre, Alware's, Alfre, Alvre, Erleves, Herleve's, Alvery's, 
Alve's, Aluer's, Alfry's, Alware's, Alles, Adelard's, Ailwards, 
Alwoldes, Alvas. 

Alstane's, Auston, Als, Eile's. 

Alve, Alver, Alfgyth's. 

Amiund's, Ame, Em, Almond, Almane, Alkmont. 

Ambas, Embolds, Arnbalds. 

Ansgot's, Asgoz, Osgod, Osgot. 

Amber, Hammer, Hambe's, Ambrose, Ambre, Ampre, Ample. 

Andre, Andrew. 

Angles, from Anglen in Sleswick, an angle or corner, English. 

Anlaf s, Anla, Unlov, Umlove, Onlaf's. 

Apper and Apple are claimed as persons, Derbys. 

Ard's, Ardis, Erds, Erdis. 

Arken, Argben, Arche. 

Arl, Erles, Arling's. 

Arm, Ernulfe's, Erm, Einulf s, Arnulfs, Orm's. 

Arnold's, Arnods, Arne's. 

Arthing, Ardin, Hardinc's, Arding's, Artings. 

Ark, Erg, Ark's, Arche's, Arkin, Arkil's, Arghen, Archen. 

Asce's, Ash, Esse, Aesc (spearman). 

Ascolf s, Scolfs, Sclof. 

Aschel's, Hais, Aschil's, Aschiles, Assel, Exil. 

iEslings, Hesslings. 

Ascorns, Scornes. 

Ase, Aise, Asa's. 

Aser, Azer, Haser, Asser. 

Aslacb's, Aisla. 

Asmundre, Aismunder, Osmother. 

Asen, Estanes, Austan, Alstan. Ows. 

Adling, /Ethelings. 

Agnes, postfixed for later owners. 

Arch, 

Audlin, 



240 ETYMOLOGY. 

Artbings, eortb, eartb, farm labourers ? 
Armitage, hermitage. 

Burgb, Burg, Bury, Borougb, Bro', Barrow, Bergb, Barugh, 
Berge, Bargb, Borrow, Bercb, Borge, Barcb, Bar, Ber, 
Bur, Bere, Berie, Baragb, Bergue, Bor, Bir, Brougb, Broc, 
Bud, Bore, Borgb, Burcb, Borcb, Burc, Burb, Beorh, 
Byrig, Brougb, Byri, Barf, Berry, Bartb, BrufT; an earth- 
work, mound, hill. 
Brougb, Broc, changed to brook, also to thorpe, and vice-versa. 
The general idea of these words is a hill fortification, and 
many of them are based on the hill forts of the Brigantes. 
The root word is common to Norse and Anglian. They may 
be found in the centre of a modern place-name ; or used as 
either a prefix or postfix. 

From being a crude earthwork, the application gradually 
extended to a hill, mound, fort, entrenchment, rock defence, 
ridge, brow or edge ; burial mound, barrow, shelter, hiding 
place, cairn ; a town, borough, castle, caster, walled home- 
stead ; and in each case the adjectival prefix or affix should 
indicate either the geographical or natural features, or the 
original owners. Thus, as a burial mound we have Achan's 
grave near Jericho described — "And worhton mid stanum 
anne steapne beorb him ofer." — Jos. vii., 26. 

In some cases the nature of the fence or protection is 
indicated. Where Bur is given to a village in a valley, as 
Burley, near Otley, an entrenchment or earthwork should be 
traceable, as is the case at the said Burgh-ley. Borough- 
bridge was so named from the earthwork defence long before 
the modern idea of a borough town was entertained. Aid- 
borough gave its name to Borgescire now Claro Wapentake. 

Birkby may be Bergby. 

Brow, hill slope ; allied to burgh. 

Jirant , , ,, ,, ,, 

Borough, a town, ,, ,, 

Bur, bour, neighbour ,, ,, 

Bar, river or other defence ,, ,, 

Bryn, a hill, Bron, slope, both Welsh. 

Ben, pen, pennine, peny, Celtic a hill ; but a fortified home- 
stead is Caer. 

Borh, bour, neighbour, surety or defence, secure place, 
pledge ; Anglian. 



ETYMOLOGY. 241 

Every person was required to be member of a borh, or 
tithing. The Britons had a word bwr, a defence. In North 
Yorkshire a neighbour is properly called a nigh-bor, near 
dweller. 

A man's home is his castle, so a fortified cottage, or fenced 
hut was a bur, ber, byr (Icelandic), bo (Norse), by (Danish); 
boor, bower, arbour. 

By — Danish, a house, farm, abode, developed into a village 
or town generally. There are over 250 in Yorkshire, 115 
in the West Riding, 100 in the North, and 35 in the East; 
whilst Lincolnshire has 212, and there are very few indeed 
in Derbyshire and other Counties. This place-name cor- 
responds somewhat with the Welsh ty. Variations of the 
word are found in byre a cow-shed, byerlaw, byelaws, 
biggen (a building) ; thus — 

Bierlow, Byerlaw, Bir, Bier and Bege (g = y) ; biga is Norse — 
to build. 

The Norman scribe in one instance writes the Danish by 
for the Anglian ton. 

Bar and By have been applied to the same place in Domesday 
Book once or more. 

Bol, Bodel, Bold, Bald, a building (Anglian). The Old 
Saxon was Bodl and Buttel ; the Frisian Blod. It also 
takes the form Bottle, Bothel, Bodl, Beadl, Bade, Bawd. 

Bo, Bode, Bootle, Ball, Bowl, Boll, Boul, Botl, Bool, Butter, 
Butr, But, have been assigned to the same root ; also from 
the burtree. Boll is Norse for a farmstead, and for a log- 
cabin ; see Bolt, a wood, bole, trunk of a tree ; hence 
perhaps Bullhouse, Peniston. 

Booth, Bode, Bud, a hut, Norse ; and Bwth, Bedd, British ; 
Hebrew Beth. It is found in Cornish and Breton, Bod. 
A stall in Wakefield Market is called a booth in a deed I 
have, dated c. 1340. 

Bolt, a wood, like Holt, Bolshaw (duplication,) Boldshaw. 

Brow, Bra, Brea, Bray, Anglian, a slight headland, over- 
hanging cliff ; Brace, Brais ; Berry Brow is the bergh's 
brow, hill's edge ; Bryn, Bron, Celtic, slope. 

Back, Bakki, Icelandic ; a bank or slope ; ridge. The Ice- 
landic has also Breck, a slope. 

Bank, bench ; a hill side, a river's brink, Anglian. Bing, 
Bink, and Binns have the same idea. 

Bank : Newton owned by Banks family; otherwise Cold Newton. 



242 ETYMOLOGY. 

Bare, Brear, Brare ; barren, common land. 

Botn, a trough, hollow, as Starbotton, photne in Domesday 
Book. 

Bottom, Bothom, Bodm, Underbank ; the foot of a hill. 
Anglian. See Long, Side, Rams, Row, Shuffle (Shaw- 
field). 

Burn, Brim, Borne, Burun, Bourne, Norse. The name is 
not so common in Yorkshire as beck ; and in the pleonasm 
Burnbeck, the latter half was added because the people of 
the locality had lost the meaning of burn, a brook, beck, 
stream. 

Burn and Bruimr. — Although so great an authority as Pro- 
fessor Toller says that Brunanburh is "pure Anglo-Saxon," 
we seem to have some reasons for doubting his statement. 
In Bell's Gazetteer of England and Wales we have Bruncliffe, 
Brundale, Brundish, Brundon, Brunshaw, Brunsthorpe, 
Brunstock, Bruntingthorpe, Brunton, East Brunton, and 
West Brunton. Every one of these places is in Danish- 
England, and there is not a single place-name in all 
Anglo-Saxon England of which Brim forms the initial 
syllable. To come nearer home, in the Yorkshire portion 
of Domesday Book, Burnby, near Pocklington, is Brunehi, 
four times ; Nun&Mndiolme is Brunh&m three times and 
Brunhom once ; and a Bruneton, which seems to be Potter 
Brompton, occurs twice. These Domesday spellings were, 
no doubt, from the Old Norse Brunnr. Professor Toller 
also says that Brunanburh is from the personal name 
Bruna. If so, the place-name is absolutely unique in this 
neighbourhood. We have five hundred place-names in the 
East Riding, very many of which are from personal names, 
and there is not a single instance, neither in the modern 
nor in the Domesday names, of an "-an " or " -n " form- 
ation of the possessive case. In very many cases in the 
East Riding, in the formation of a place-name, the personal 
name and the terminal are stuck together without any 
regard to any rule of grammar ; for instance, we have 
Grimthorpe, Aldenburg, Bardulbi, Basingebi, Aschiltorp, 
and Osgodby, from the personal names Grimr, Aldene, 
Bardulf, Basing, Askil, and Osgod. Whenever a place-name 
is formed grammatically the possessive case is formed either 
by "es" or simply "s," as in Brando-burton, Grimston, &c. 
It is an extraordinary fact that though these burns have 



ETYMOLOGY. 243 

furnished an element in the formation of four of the five 

place-names of the parish, these streams are never now so 

called ; the people always call them becks— the Old Scand- 
inavian name. — Thomas Holderness, Driffield. 
Bourne, a boundary ; because burns were generally accepted 

as boundaries. " The bourne whence no traveller returns." 
Beggar, Becker, see Beck. 
Bywater, near the water. 
Brook, Bro, Broc, a torrent ; springs that break open the 

ground. Broc and Brough misplace each other occasion- 

ally. 
Beck, Bee, Norse, Danish, Anglian, Icelandic, Norman 

French, German (bach), a brook or burn. 
Ball, Bolt, Bole, Bolle, Boule, Bowl, Bol, Bui, Bow, Boll, 

Boles, Bui, Bullhouse (probably bull, rather than log); 

logs, blocks of wood. Bullace, wild plum. 
Bass, Bes, rushes, door mat. 
Bar, Ber, occasionally thought to indicate barley or other 

kinds of corn, but very questionable, as it is found with 

other words besides ley. 
Berc, Birch, Ingbirch, Birk, Birkin, Berchin, Berchige, 

Brete, Birken, Bark, Berk ; from beorc, birch. 
Bent, Bened, Benes, Benet, Bene ; coarse grass. Common 

in Denmark. 
Blair, cleared of wood. 
Blaeber, Blubber, Blueberry ; plant. 
Bock, Buck, boche, bok, Bug, Bughe, Buche ; beech. 
Boy, Bois, Boge (g=y), Bosk, Busk, Bosco, Bosci, Bui, 

Boss, Boyse, Boyes ; wood, 
Bracken, Breckeu, Brache, Brake, fern, "easily broken." 
Bain, Balne, bath. 
Berwic, village, sub-manor. 
Borde, cottage. 
Brother, brow, water's edge. 
Brecca, breach. 

Bramble, Bram ; blackberry bush. 
Brier, Brear, Bres, Briars, Bruer ?, Brere ; briar. 
Buscel, Bustel, Busche, Bus, Bisse, Busk, Bush, see Boy, 

Danish, a thicket, Bois is Norman. 
Burtree, alder, see Butter. Icelandic, largely used formerly 

for fences. 
Butter, doubtful whether burtree or botel (abode). 



244 ETYMOLOGY. 

Bram, Brom, broom ; planta genista, reseda, dyer's rocket. 

Brig, brycg, brugge (German) ; bridge, Norse, Anglian. 
Perhaps no more ridiculous explanations have been given 

of any place-name than have been assigned to Briggate in 

Leeds and Brighouse. In a local history (under Adel) the 

brigs are both ascribed to the Brigantes ! ! and a profuse 

writer ventures the origin of the name Brighouse to the 

Danish word Brekke, a steep ascent, or brekka, the hill 

where public meetings were held and the law promulgated ! ! 

If anything can be certain the two names trace back no 

further than the building of the two bridges. The Brigantes 

and modern brigands have probably the names from the 

same origin, hill-dwellers. See Pontefract. 

Brigham, see Bringe. 

Bred, Bur, Burd, breid ; broad. 

Bray, Bret, Bre, Brage, Braw ; brow of a hill. 

Brad, Brade, Braith, Braf, Brat, Braffer (broad-ford); broad. 

Brock, Brocken, Brog ; badgers. 

Brough, Brocken ; rough moorland. 

Brother, Brods ; Ubroder, mentioned c. 760, 

Bell, bel, Bele Beil, Beller, Beige (g = y) Belly (Bailiffe). 
See also Baal. Various questionable applications have 
been given. 

Bab and Bade, possibly from personal names. 

Bag, Bage, Bagen (g=y); Bain; personal name; see Bane. 

Bil Bille, ? a hill, see Billing. 

Balches, Belker, Bel ; probably personal name. 

Bar, Barn, Bern, beer, barley '. Bar, a boar. 

Bar, Ber ; abbreviations of Aber, confluence. 

Ba, Bas, Bes ; ? beasts. 

Be, Beal, Begale (g = y); Be, a stream. 

Be, Bee, Bi, Biu, Bey, Bew; stream. 

There is a Buholm in Norway ; bu, kine. 

Becca, beck. 

Ben, Bemp, (pen) ; hill. 

Beans, (Thornton le) ; requires historical research. 

Bedd, Bith, beth ; abode. 

Best, Besth ; requires further investigation. 

Bicker, Bicher, Bicre ; Bicker, Biker was an officer of a town- 
ship. Bicker, forked ; wanders, strife. 

Birne, Brim. 

Birst, Burst, Berist ; Bersa, a boundary ; Brist, bright. 



ETYMOLOGY. 245 

Blater, Blaten, Bla : babbling. 

Boclaiid, book or charter lands, v. Folk or Copyholders. 

Black, Blake ; bleak, or black. 

Blea, Blae ; dark blue, black. 

blow, blowers ; ore furnace. 

Buck, deer, (moorland districts.) 

Biggin, a building, Norse. 

Bow, Bowes, Boghes, Baw. Bow, parlour, (2) rounded. 

Burnt, Brunt ; moorland cleared by fire. 

Bog, marsh ; Pog (Celtic.) 

Bates, Batts ; holmes, low pastures, baitings, to bait or 

batten cattle ; beit, pasturage. 
Bail, Bally, Balla, Bal; Gaelic, a farm or rath, fenced place; 

allied to vallum. 
Ban, Bain; white; also high. Gaelic. 
Beg, little. Gaelic. 

Bride Stones, wedded or claimed by original owner ? 
Butts, — for archery shooting. 
Butts, — common land divisions ; also balks. 
Buckrose is Bu-cross, fiom Bu or Bui, landowner. 
Billing, Byl ; edge, or crown, brim. 
Bron, Brun, Brown ; Norse and Welsh, a slope. 
Bever, Petvarlech (Capital of the Parisii, East Yorkshire,) 

the sanctuary district indicated by four pillars (stones,) 

or Doomed steeples (Dumb Steeple.) British, Four-stones. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Batter's, Badres, Battrix, Patricks. 

Bads, Bade's, see Batte, Battle's, Badele's, Bat's, Badda. 

Barnsdale, see Piobin Hood Ballads. There was a Beorna 

son of Beldeg son of Woden in Anglian mythology, and 

it became a favourite name in Norway, &c. 
Barms, Bernes, Benes, (?for Bernes, D.B.) 
Barns, Berns, Berne, Barm, Barn, Bar, Beudes, Bern, 

Biorn's, (a bear, so named for supposed or wished for 

qualities. 
Bardulf, Bardolf, Barl. 
Bard, Berde, Berret, Bards, Bereles. 
Bark, Barche, Barcher, Bar, Barch's (D.B.) 
Barnolds, Bernulfs, Bernold, Barna, Barning, Berning's, 

see Barn's, Beorna's Barna, Bernode, Burnulf's. 
Barkis, Bark, Barche, Barks, Barches, Bar, Barch's. 



246 ETYMOLOGY 

Barkisland can have no connection with island. It is a 
township in Halifax parish and is not mentioned in Domes- 
day Book. It takes its name from the ancient family there, 
the Barkseys of Barksey. So conjectures ODe writer, but it 
is more likely that Barkis gave name to the place, than the 
family Barksey. 
Basing, Bessiug, Base, Bes, Basches, Bax, Bee's, Beigh's, 

persons of the names of Bassiug, Basin, Basinc, are men- 
tioned eleven times in the Yorkshire section of D.B. 
Basset, family who eventually owned one of the Thorpes. 
Batt, Bat, Bate, Bath : as above, Bads. 
Be, Bee, (Bede's ?) Bes, Bees. 
Beden, Bidden, Byda's, Bis, Beis, (St. Bees), Bedekirk (bede, 

a prayer). 
Beams, Bemes, Bethmes, Bomes, Bedmes. 
Bebings, Bedlings, Beslings, Beorlings or Barlings were well 

known clan names before the Conquest. Bam, Bemp, 

Bebba's. 
Benning, Benic, Benni. 
Bele, Beil ; a Norseman, Bioll, see Bil. 
Bergulves, Bergolf s, Bergol. 
Ben, in Ben Khydding is quite modern, and meant Ben's 

ridding of roots, and there are Dan's ridding and other 

clearings near it. 
Bewer, Beure, Bever, Bevre, Beevor's. 
Billings, Billa's, see Bil, Beale, see Bele. 
Bing, Billing (Bing), Bingh's. 
Binning, Bigne, Binne. 
Birds, Brides, Brites, Bird, a personal name, now a family 

name. 
Blands, Blande. 

Bonne, Gun, Bon, Bunts, Bunde. 
Boy, Bui, Buk, Bugi, Boyn, Bouin, Boi, from Bo, a god, son 

of Odin. 
Bram, Braam, Braham, Brame, Bran, Brimmings, Brim, a 

Norseman. See Middleton Pedigree for Braham. (Hist. 

of Ilkley.) 
Bran, Bramp, Brands, Brans, Brantis, Branz. Brand son 

of Beldeg son of Woden. 
Branting, Brenting, Brending, Breting, Brant, Brent, Bred, 

Bret, Branzinc, Brassing. 

Beowulf has " The Brondings country good." 



ETYMOLOGY. 247 

Brenings, Burnes, Bryning, Brune, Brinuis, Burnis, Brines, 
Brins, Brin, Brine, Brornp, Burns. 

Bret, Brid, Bridlings, Bridl, Bretlin, Brihtlings, Burling; 
bright, as in Albert, Egbert. Biidlington, there can 
be little doubt, is from the Anglo-Saxon personal name 
Briht, modern English Bright. The Anglo-Saxon was 
Briht, Bryht, and Bearht ; Old Saxon, Berht ; Gothic, 
Bairht ; Icelandic, Bjart ; O.H.G., peraht ; M.H.G., berht. 
Through the heterogeneous population of the East Biding 
at the time of the Domesday Survey, we seem to have in 
Bretlinton a mixture of A.-S. Briht and the O.S. berht, 
the "h" being dropped. From the A.-S. Bearht we seem 
to have the other name, Berlington. In the register of 
the Bridlington Priory we have Burlington. Mr. Bradley 
very pertinently remarks that in the course of centuries 
letters drop out of place-names like soldiers on a long 
march; and in this Beorhtlington the "o" and the " ht " 
have succumbed; the "e" has given place to "u," making 
it Burlington ; and the local rustic pronunciation is Bolit'n. 

Brecca, Broxa, Broksey, either the badger stream, or a 
Norseman. Brek who swam a match with Beowolf. 

Brods, Brodes, Broches, Brot, Bros, Brost, Burst, Brogs, 
Brox, Brech ; or from the brock or badger. 

Brom, Brun, Brim, Brown. 

Bub, Bubn, Bubbings. 

Bug, Buche, Bnghe, Bu, see Boy. Bux, Buck, Boeings. 
Bakki, a Norseman. 

Burns, Burnis. 

Buslings. 

Bull, Boles, Bui, Bole, Bula's, Boul. 

Buttrs, Butter; Buthar, a Yiking. 

Bards, Druids. 

Bail, Bel, Bal, Balle, Belle ; either after Baal the Sun God, 
or a family named after the God, — the Ball's, Bel's. 

Baldre, Balders ; Norse God of Music. 

Bishop, Bisp, Biscop, residence or ownership by a bishop. 

Bos, Botolph's, Bolts, Bottlings. 

Bryan, family ownership, to distinguish Askham. 

Bond, serfs, bondsmen. 

Brign, Bring, Bringhen, (Berings,) or from Bring, a steep 
place, Norse. " Brignall banks are fresh and fair." 

Brays, Brace's. 



248 ETYMOLOGY. 

Breigh, Bris, Brics, possibly Brice's, (Ap-rhys) found in 

Wales and England. 
Brands, Brantis, Brent ; also the name of a slope or steep 

place. 
Bre, Bur, Bir, bers, Lebbers. 

Cat, Cate, Catte, Catb, Cade, Coe, Cad, Cating, Cotting, 
Catin; Coit, Coat, Coed; Celtic, wood. Duplication in 
Cawood (?), locally Coud. See Goyt. 

Cul, Coille, Coul, Cowl, Cal, Coil ; wood. 

Catter has been claimed from Cather (Celtic) a warrior. 

Cathr, Catre, Catter, Cadre, Graf, Cader, Cathair ; seat, 
homestead. 

Copse, Coppice, plantation. 

Cother, Codres, Scutter, Codre, Cathbert's. 

Cote, Corte, Cotes, Coates' (Kex ?), Coat ; cottage. 

Cot, cottage ; Norse, Anglian. Corresponding with hut 

(Danish), Cwt and Bwth (Booth, Welsh), cabban (cabin, 

Manx ;) stones and mud, or wattled. 
Cotting, cottagers. 
Caster. Castre, Chester, Cester ; a camp, Roman. Castel, 

Castle. The name castle is retained frequently for mere 

earthworks, and even these have mostly been levelled in 

the Calder valley. 
Caer, (fort,) kar, Cymric and Parisii, corresponds to the 

Gaelic and Brigantian brough. 
Carr, (rocky,) car, care, ker, argo, arc, cher, cur ; cliffe, 

edge, scar, Anglian. 
Carr, (marsh,) cay, care, wet ; bog. Ker ; Danish Kaer, a 

pool or moss. 
Carrs, Icelandic, brushwood in a marshy spot; as Eller-ker, 

Ale-gar. The Welsh form is cors. 
Cairn, Carna, Cherend, Cam, Chren, Garn ; Gaelic, pile of 

stones. 
Chevin, Cefn, Chen, Chin, Chine, Chinel, Cev, Chev, 

Cevennes ; hill, ridge, Cymric. 
Cop, Coe, Cough, Copt, Hade (Hewick ;) the head, cap, or 

summit. See Knop, Cnoc. 
Cop, Cope, Copman, personal, or headman. 
Cowl, Coin, Koll : summit, top. 
Con, Kean, Ceann ; head, British. 



ETYMOLOGY. 249 

Crake, Crayke, Crec, Chracb, Crache, Cray, Creic, Crick, 

Crich, Crag, Cra, Cruc, Carrag, Craig, Carrick, Craw, 

rocky, craggy, a hillock, Welsh. 
Craven, Crag— ven, crauu : ven = district. 
Cronk, Manx, hill top ; Crunkley see Crurublclive, Cnoc ; 

Crumbe. 
Criges, Criggles, (rigs.) Creeg ; see Crag. 
Crimp, a ridge, Welsh : see Criinb. 
Cracoe may be from Cracow in Poland ; or both named from 

Crake — how, rocky mound. 
Creyke may be named after Krack in Norway, but more 

likely both are named from craig, crake, a rock. 
In Manx we have — " On this creg will I build my kirk." 
Cnap, Cnape, Knap, see Nabb. 
Cnoc, knock ; a mountain. 
Cnoll, cop, top, knoll, knowl. 
Cnoc, nook, corner. 
Crop, (?) top. 

Crunk, Crumb, Crump, summit ; see Crimbles. 
Cliffe, Cleve, Cleft, Clet, Clyt, Cleat, Clive, declivity ; Cleve- 
land. Klippe in German. It is used as a root, a prefix, 

or a postfix for steep hill, slope, or precipice. Norse. 
Clev, Cleav, Clevinde, Cleavinge, see Cliffe; land that is 

cleaven or split. 
Cleugh, Clough, Cloc ; bottom of a cliffe, a ho'low, glen, dale, 

hope. 
Clint, craggy, flinty rocks, a cleft in the summit, Danish ; 

the same root in klinkers, metallic cinders. "Barren cliffs 

and dints of wonder." Drunken Barnaby. 
Combe (Mountain in Furness,) Cumberland, Cumberworth ; 

group of hills. (2) Cumbri, Britons. 
Cambe, a bend, bay. 
Cwm, cup, cum, comp, coombs, combe; a hollow, cup-shaped 

valley; British. The Norse Kump, a bowl conveys the 

same idea. 
Cave, cof, cavit} 7 , cove; Anglian. "A cove, a huge recess." 

Southey. 
Cald, Cold, Cal, Calden, Crade, Caul, Cauld, Chald, Chil, 

Ceald, Kald; Anglian, &c; cold. 
Calder, cald, cold, (dwr water), more probably from Coill, 

wooded, coll, hazel tree. 
Chelde, Chell,Cheue, Chil, Cil, Keel, Keld; a fountain or spring. 



250 ETYMOLOGY. 

Card, see garth, yard; perhaps Crade well now Stock-held. 
Clither, Clydder, Clother, Clud ; a cluster of hills, group. 
Crimbles, Crimeles, Crimp, Crinle, Clives ; hill edge, summit. 
Calges, Calais, Kelley, Caleys ; a pass, strait : possibly of 

Roman origin. See Gate, Ghauts. 
Cambodunum, camp, on the hill. Scamonden seems to 

embody the name though some distance from Slack. 
Camp, Cans ; camp. 

Cold Harbour, col-arbhar, exposed shelter, near Roman roads. 
Coin, a colony, Roman. 
Chapel, Latin through the French : a subordinate place of 

worship ; Cardinal's hat. 
Church, Kirk, Chirche, Cherch, Cherca, Cherce, Corke, Cyric, 

or Kirk ; Anglian from Greek ? or Celtic (sacred rock.) 
Cell, Cil, Chil, Kil, Chel, Kel, see Kild ; retreat, church: 

possibly pre- Augustine. 
Crutch, Cric, Crouch, a cross ; also in crutches ; see Whix. 
Cross, Crox, Crois, Kros, Norse ; Latin Crux, French Croix, 

Anglian Rood. On the lines of Roman roads — Ilkley to 

Manchester, &c. 
Croches, Crooks, Crocs, Crox, Croc's. 
Crock; (1) cross, (2) crook or bend. 
Crook, Crook of Lune, Crookrise; winding, crooked, corners, 

Danish, Icelandic, Anglian. 
Cherry, the fruit tree : see the legend of the Virgin Mary, a 

ballad in Hone's Mysteries. 
Calc, Chelch, Kelke, Chal, Cealc ; chalk. 
Calcaria, Roman Tadcaster. 
Clay, Clai, Clac, Clax, Clau, Clee, clegg, cleg, clog, cloy; 

clayey. 
Clyde, Clid, Clydder, Cludder, Clowder, Clither, clustered ; 

British, sheltered. 
Cleck, Clack, Claugh ; slack, bog, clay. 
Close, a held, enclosed; not common. 

Chace larger than a park, smaller than a forest ; deer en- 
enclosure ; forests were royal properties. 
Cydde, Kuth, friendship. 

Common, unenclosed land; for use of all; see Green, Gates. 
Cnit, knight. 

Croft, a field, grazing field, Anglian, " toft and croft." 
Crof, Scrof. 
cum, (with,) two hamlets combined for one township. Latin. 



ETYMOLOGY. 251 

Cut, a canal, modern. 

Cavil, Chevet, doubtful. 

Cap, Kep, a head? Chef, Chev, head. 

Carper, Chirper, (per = forth,) Cow, Coo; carr. 

Cataract, a waterfall. 

Causeway, Norman French, chausse, caussi. 

Ches, Cez, Kes, Kex, Chetes, Cheze, Chix ; probably after 

the original owner, Key's, Kay's, Cai's, Chai's, or Cissa's r 

Chiz's, Kissa's, Chis', Chi's. There is the Anglian Chis r 

cheosl, chels, sandy. 
Chiber, Kimber, ? a well. 

Cinder, Binder; slag heap, iron works: charcoal, not sea-coal. 
Claro, Clarhou, (Clar-hill.) Clar, clare, clear. 
Cock, Coc, Cocker ; red-beck ; goch Welsh. 
Colne, river (narrow.) 
Cod, ? Coed wood, or Cod's, Coddings. 
Cover, river; cove, cave, hidden. 

Cook, Cuch, Cue, Cox, Cuze, Cuse, Cus, Scusce, see cock riveiv 
Crom, Crum, Crun ; crooked. 
Cam, see Cambe. 

Colster, — name of a dale, — stream. 
Cockle, darnel or tares. 
Cockhill, cock fighting resort; Cockshoots. 
cock, at the end of a word means little generally. See Cox r 

and Cock river. 
Cow and Calf; mother and young, big and little, contrast. 
Chep, Chipping, Kipping, Copen, Cheap; market. 
Clach, from Clech a stone ; (2) deck, clay. 
Crumbeton, Cruttonstall in Erringden, see Crom, Crwm. 
Col, Whel, Cold, Wheld : see Colne. 

col, kew, ending of a name. 

coe, gau, district ; (2) a cabin. 
Cun, Cund ; ? coneys, rabbits. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Calver, Calve, Cal, Caw, Caver, Cealf's, Kalfr's. 

Cackles, Scackles, Shackle's. 

Canutes, Knut, Cante, Chenec, Chenuthes, Kenneth, Cnut,. 

Knott ; Chenive, Knay, Chennie, Cant's. 
Cahos, Cows, Coles, Cole, Col, Cow, Co, Coll, Cowl, Cull, 

Culling, Cud. I don't think these names have any 

reference to a cow, as suggested. 



2,52 ETYMOLOGY. 

Carl, Carel, Car, Carlen, Carles. 

Camer, Camerin, Carnise. 

Cainge, Chainge, Keying, Cain, Chaine, Kane ; British cain, 

ken, whito, clear. 
Cay, Cai, Cliet, Che, Cade, Ket, Kati's, Cath, Caith, Catin. 
Gambles, Canbes, Games, Gamels, Cameles, Chemel, Gembl. 
Cart, Cheter, Cliet, Ket. 
Carl, Carlen, Karl, Charl ; Charles. 
Chetels, Chettle, Kettle, Chels, Chel, Kels. 
Chaddes, Chetes, Chad's. 
Chersin, Gersing, Grassing, Gar, Chere, Kere, Carsing, 

Ghersin's. 
Carna, Cherend, Cam, Chren. 
Chelp, Kilp, Chipl, Kipl, Chip, Kip, Kep, Chipping, Kipping, 

Chipin, Gip, Chiper. See also Chipping, a market. 
Chelvinc, Kilving, Chelvin, Chel, Ken, Cheling, Keeling, 

Kiln, Chelin, Kelling, Chellinc, Chilling, Chene, Keneue, 

Chen, Ceolwynn's, Chennie, Knay. 
Chenares, Chnares, Knares, Neres. 
Cherets, Gaten, Chere, Kenny. 
Chelchis, Cheldis, Melsis, Malsis. 
Chicke, Chiehel, Keigh, Hickle. 
Chids, Cedda's. 

Chiges, Guis, Chigoge, Chigo, Chick, Cicc's. 
Chid, Kid, Kild. 
Chil, Chille, Kiln, Chilvert, Chilword, Killer, Chilves, Chil- 

vestre, Chilnes. 
Chins, Kins, Chin, Kin. 
Cive, Kive. 
Clap, Clappa, Clope. 
Clee, Cleas, Cles. 
Cleding, Cled, Knedl. 
Climbi, Clinbi, Kipling. 
Cock, Cox, Cockin, Cockayne. 
Cogr, Croom, Crog, Croy, Cro'un, Crogun (g = y.) 
Collegrim. 
Colling, Culling. 
Conon, Cutue, Coning. 
Conis, Cunes, Cuninges, Coninges, Coneghes, Coinings, 

Coneys, Counges, King's, Cyning's. 
^Corle, Corn, Cornel, Quarm, Wharm. 
Crans, Cranz, Crambe, Cranb, Crame, Kraun's. 



ETYMOLOGY. 253 

Creves, Creues, Keres. 
Craw, Crow's. 
Crims, Grirns, Cryme's. 
Cruches, Whix, Cuse, Caches, Cus, Sense. 
Constable, family name added to that of the place to disting- 
uish it from other Burtons. 
Conj T ers, family name to distinguish this Norton from others. 
Cottings, cot, dwellers. 

Constable, king's stability : High C. over a hundred ; Petty 
C. over a township. 

Dale, Dal, Del, Dahl, Dael, die, el, all, (Anglian,) thai, tahl, 
(Germ,) dol a plain (Welsh,) vale ; Scandinavians intro- 
duced the word to Yorkshire. The Pennine offshoots, 
North York Moors and the Wolds afford innumerable 
dales. The river does not always give its name to the 
whole dale ; as part of Uredale is named Wensleydale. 
There is the word dale from the Anglian, daslan, deill, to 
divide, given to strips of land taken from the commons, as 
Slynedales ; dole, dalesman, middle ; dal is changed to 
stall occasionally, and vice versa ; also to hall. 

Den, Dean, Dene, Dingle ; sometimes confused with don, 
dun, a hill ; though the don may be taken to be the hill, 
and the dene the valley below the hill. The upper, rather 
than the lower, valleys bear the name den, a secluded 
place, even a cave. Den is changed to dale ; and den and 
don are interchanged. Where there is no dale, the dal or 
del should be traced to the Norse deill, dael, a share. 

Dennet, Dent, dean-head. As the ending of family names 
many of the smaller dens have had their names perpetu- 
ated, though some of the places are not now easily or 
widely recognised; e. g., Og, Dear, Brog, Sug, Swin, 
Asp, Woffen-dens. Some of these lead us to suppose they 
were the retreats or dens of wild animals. Denby-dale 
was known before 1800 as Denby-dike-side. 
Ansdell, suburb of Lytham, is modern and named after 
Sir Rd. Ansdell, artist, who resided near. 

Don, Dun, dune, down, durun ; a hill; Celtic and Anglian. 

Sometimes the hills were fortified. 

Don is confused in Domesday Book with ton, den, ham ; 
though the ham may mean the hamlet at the don. Bawdon 



254 ETYMOLOGY. 

was for a long period written Eawden, and is now properly 

restored. 

Done, Duns, Dunes ; undulating ground. 

Don, a river name, is found from liussia to Scotland. Don- 
caster, of course, is the camp on the Don ; Danum 
(Roman.) The idea is deep stream, as in Doon, Dwyn, 
(British,) deep ; Danube, Dneister, Dneiper. 

Dwr, Der, Darn, dour, Dore, Dar, Dur, thur, tur, Dear; 
water, river, Celtic. It would be easy to find fifty streams 
having the element dur in the name. 

Durkar. — Mr. Swift, postmaster there in 1905, states that 
in February the Postmaster-General received a petition 
setting forth that up to about the year 1800 the hamlet 
was called and spelt " Durkar." It was, and still is, 
as the name implies, (Dur) near a river, (kar) low 
lying ground. It was at that period a very small 
hamlet, approached only by a narrow roadway, had few 
residents, and no sanitary accommodation, and from a 
feeling of disrepute, or some other reason, the neighbour- 
ing inhabitants adopted the incorrect spelling of the 
name "Dirtcar," by which name up to a few years ago it 
was known, although the pronunciation was still that of 
" Dircar " or "Durcar." The hamlet has now largely 
increased in its population, and has an efficient water and 
drainage scheme. The residents have resented the spell- 
ing of the ancient name as "Dirtcar," and have addressed 
their communications and had them addressed " Durkar." 
Therefore, the Postmaster- General permitted the adoption 
of that spelling for postal purposes. 

Dearie, Derwen, Dencent, Dart, Da.vent ; bright water, swift. 

Daw, Taw, Tav; stream. 

Drake, Drax, Drac, Draugh, clrid, drith, Drech ; Norse, 
marshy pasture. 

Dubb, dub ; pond; Manx dubbyr, dark pool. 

Duf, Dow, Dove, Dwe, Du ; black water, rapid stream : 
Dewhbury ! Dowethorp is Dunetovp (erron.) D.B. 

Dob, Dib, Depe, deep ; or allied to Dub. The Norse word 
means deep. Dibb, a secluded beck. 

Dike, ditch, dyke ; trench, puddle, pool ; dubb, a pond. 
Anglian, Norse. 

Dike, Diche, Die, Dickering, Dane's Dike, a highway, a con- 
tinuous agger ; Wan's, Offa's, Grim's, Cnut's. 



ETYMOLOGY. 255 

Delf, Delph, a stone quarry. 

Dam, earthbank, artificial pond. 

Dena, Degen, Dins', Digens', Darn : personal ? 

Die, Deign, Dis ; ? dike. 

Dicten. Deighten. There is a Deigliton in Brabant. 

Dish, Dis ; hollow. 

Ding, thing, Ting, Tyn, din ; a Court hill ; Norse. 

Doire, Druid, Dare, Dar, Drew, Deri; oak, (drus Latin;) 

British. 
Douk, to duck, dowse, bend down, 
drop, see Throp. 

Delgovitia, British, Romanized, sacred place, seeGodmundham. 
Dumb Steeple, doomed steeple, sanctuary boundary ; bub 

query, what is Dumb Mill. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Dan, Dane, Den, Dena's, Dane's; Danish. 

Darring, Darnin, Darni, Dring, Dar, Dere, Dering's, Dor- 
rings, Driu g's. 

Dades, Tades, Tick, see Dods. 

Dena, Degene, Deneye, Dinning's. 

Dews, Teues, Deus ; Tuesco, god ; or Norseman so named. 

Dermes, Thurns, Dimes, Thirns, Dines, Dins, Dignes. 

Dighel, Difgel, Duggle, Dougald ; Diggle, a concealed 
' digged ' place. 

Dirulmg, Dirael's. 

Didders, Dirdres, Dirds ; or dother a marsh. 

Dob, Dob'sroyd. 

Dods, Dodes, Dod, Doding, Toding's. 

Donni, Dunning, Dodin, Domni, Dinning, Dunni, Dunin, 
Dona's ; or hill dwellers. 

Dron, Drans, Tran's. 

Dromond, Dromon, Dragmale. 

Drigling, Drighling, Dreslin, Drigeling. 

Dunder, Donar, Thunder ; perhaps Dander is from this 
source ; fire worship. 

Dacre, perhaps Danish Dalkar, frame work, or tree-trunked 
house. 

Drew, Drow, see drus, druid. 

Dreb, Drebe. 

Dri, Dry, Drit, Drid ; Driht, a lord ; Dyri, a Norseman ; or 
dried up pool. 



256 ETYMOLOGY. 

Drif, Dri Drig (g=y,) ? Deira-field. 

Dere, Dar ; ? deer. 

Deira, Derewood (or Deirawudu) was the name of the forest 
skirting the north-western portion of Holderness, its 
southern extremity being westward of Beverley, its north- 
ern westward of Driffield, covering thus an area of many 
square miles along the base and lower slopes of that 
branch of the Wolds which runs southward by Goodman- 
ham, towards Brough on the Humber. There is existing 
evidence that this was a vast tract of wooded country, 
rendered more definite and distinct (1) by the contiguous 
bare hills of the Wolds (likewise of vast extent) stretching 
at its northern extremity far away to the north and east, 
and (2) by the marshy tract (the little Holland, even yet, 
of Yorkshire,) comprising the whole of the lowlands lying 
between this wood and the sea, bounded on the south by 
the Humber, and on the northward reaching to within a 
few miles of Flamborough Head. The river Hull was the 
one great artery of this vast marshy district, which in 
Chaucer's days had not been so much subdued by culti- 
vation and science as it is now, for he thus opens his 
" Sompnoures Tale " — 

Lordings, ther is in Yorkshire, as I gesse, 
A mersh contree ycalled Holdernesse. 

Within the last century and a half, indeed, a goodly 
portion of this vast country has been subjugated to the 
plough, and smiling cornfields and verdant meadows are 
now to be found where erst the wild duck and the coot 
had their congenial home. 

That Driffield was a place of some importance there is 
existing local evidence: 1. In the burial there of Alfred, 
King of Northumbria (Deira?) in 705; 2. In the still 
prominent and well-defined Mo't-hill ; and 3. In traces of 
the moat surrounding the castle once standing there. 
This latter feature, I am sorry to say, is being encroached 
upon by buildings consequent upon the growth and de- 
velopment of the town. I have seen it asserted, though I 
know not on what authority, that this was the capital of 
the ancient kingdom of Deira. 

I take it there is strong reason to believe that these 
three several tracts of country have received alike their 
names from the people inhabiting them. They have been 



ETYMOLOGY. 257 

— Deira-wood, the wood of the Deiri ; Hol-deira-ness, the 
low (land) ness of the Deiri ; and Deira-felt, the field of 
the Deiri. The second of these may be a combination of 
the name of the river Hull with that of the people. At 
any rate, it has the same root and the same signification 
in the name of Holland. 

E, Ea, Yea, El (the 1 is redundant and ought not to appear 
in the first part of Elland,) Hea (the h is an error,) a, ei, 
ey, ai ; water. 

ew, sea, sey, Et (the t is redundant) ; water. 

aie, ya, saie : Norse. French form is eau, eu ; water. 

Eas, Ese, Es, As, Esin, Ase, Easing; water. 

Esk, Eske, Esch, Asche, Ax, ax, Es, Hex, Ex; Norse, 

Anglian, British uisge, Usk, a river. 
Ea, Hea ; high. 
ey, an island. 
Eas, Ea, east, Aust, August (g— -y,) Es, Est, E, Eastr, 

Estr ; the east. 
Eg, E, Ache, Ec, Ech, Ecc, Ac, Eches, Eges, Ays, Ais; oak. 
Eaves, Eves, Ive, Eva, Ever; edges, brink. 

Edge, Ech, Ecg, Eg, Ege, sage, seige ; ridge, edge, water- 
shed. Danish, Icelandic. 

Earth, yard of land; cultivated enclosure. Old Earth, old 
plot. 

Eller, Eire, owler, elder tree, alder ; see Alverde's. 

Elm, El, Emb ; elm tree. Elmete. 

El, ill, Hel, Eld, d is a recent error in Elwick; hidden. 
Elling, lonely. 

Els, hills. 

em, ame, ome ; ham, holme. 

en, ern, ham; a homestead. 

Ep, Ship ; sheep. See Shib, Shep. 

Eple, Apple. 

Esh, Es, As, Ash; (Esk, Asche, Anglian ;) ash tree. 

Erg, Ery, Erw, Errin, Ergh, Arg ; ploughed land. 

et, eve, heved, ed, ert, head; highland, heaved up. 

end, throps-end, town end ; limit of town ; limit of the Nab. 

er, oure : shore. 

Ern, Arn, Harn, L'arn, Earn, homestead; the origin from a 
falcon is doubtful. 

Esca, Shef; water, Sheaf beck. 

Q 



258 ETYMOLOGY. 

Eure, Eures, Ear, Ures, Years,Yor, Yore, Ever, Evr ; the river. 

Eoforwic, Eboracum, probably from Eure, the river, before 
the name Ouse, which is a tiny tributary, was given to 
the river; hence Yor-wick, York. Not Eofor, a boar; 
nor Eofor, a man's name ; f and b, u and v interchange. 

Estoll, (Stooth, Stud.) 

Esnoid, Snaith. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Easing, Hesin, Eisice, Eisinc, water dwellers; Esler, Hesler. 
Eslin, Hesling ; Eslinges, Slings, Esle, Hasle ; see Exil. 

Ears, Edres, Eds, Edes, Hens. 

Ebbers, Edbriz. 

Eculf, Ekil, Eccles, Ecles, Egles, Aikils, Eggles, Ayles, 
Eghis. It cannot be traced to ecclesia, as the places 
never had or belonged to a church, with about one ex- 
ception. 

Ekvn, Egging, Ecgas, Ecwyn, Aikmond, Heckmund, Eke's, 
Eck's. 

Eddie, Gedwales, Gudwales, Eadulfs, Edolves, Els, Edulves. 

Edid, Adding, Eada, Edes, Eden's, Edstun. 

Edelels, Ethels, Els, Athels. 

Eddie, Eduardes. 

Edling, Eilin, Ellin, Elling, Etheling, Illing, Adelinges, 
Ellen (Helen,) Elwin, Halwid, Elings. 

Edmundre, Amother. 

Effing, Efing's. 

Eindre, Aindre, see Ainders, Eins, Aines. 

Eincle, Engle, Iugle. 

Eles, Els, El, Est, Elge ; (abbreviated name.) 

Elde, Ecin, Hella. 

Ella, Elving, Alvengi, Aluen, Alwin, Elwin, Elves. [Ella 
died in 588 ; Adda son of Ida got the Northern Bernicia.] 

Elmes, Ermes, Ems, Embs, Helmes, Elm, Elmer, Elmings, 
Emmings, Heming. 

Eller, Alverde, Elworde, Alward ; (Ele, Au, ? eels.) 

Elgen, Ellough, Eln, Aln, Aun. 

Elpe, Helper. There was a family named Epping. 

Elstein, Asten. 

Engles, Angles; England, from the Anglen who left Sleswick. 

Erds, Ards, Ardis. 

Erles, Herles, Harles, Earls, Aller, Erlevs. 



ETYMOLOGY. 259 

Erm, Arm, Orm, Alrnias. 

Ermenia, Armin, (? end of the Aire.) There was a family 

named Ermings. 
Ers, Hars. 
Erring, Irrings. 
Ernulfes, Arm. 
Estorch, Estoch, Stork. 
Es, Theaks, Esd, Hes, Esdes. There was a family named 

Essings, see Easing. 
Esteiu, Stain, Estanes, Asen, Estan; see Elstern, Astern. 
Eschalche, Shackle. 
Estires, S tears. 

Eters, Etts, Eta's, Et; there was a family named Ettings. 
Eofors, Ever, Eure, as in Beowulf's poem, brave as a boar. 
Evering, Eofer-ingas. 
Exil, Aschil. 

Ford, Forth, Furth, furt, for, fer, forbe ; (1) a roadway. (2) 
road through a river. 

Welsh, ffordd, a roadway; gate. Sometimes it is confounded 
with worth in Domesday Book. 

In a secondary sense a roadway through a stream; a wading 
place, vadum, wath, or in the Welsh — rhyd, rhydle ; 
shallow part of a river. There are some places bearing 
the affix forth that are not near a stream ; especially some 
on Roman roads. 

Ferry, part of a river or estuary where boats may be hired 
to convey persons or goods across the water. Fere, Ferri, 
Fereia, Feres, Ferrens, Ferie. 

Firth, Frith, a creek, inlet of the sea; fiord, Forth. Scandi- 
navian. 

Firth, a plot of land free from certain manorial obligations. 
Frith, brith, Fyrhde, Fridd (Welsh ;) freed from brush- 
wood, also a plantation (Welsh,) sacred grove, correspond- 
ing to Chapel le Grove, Chapel le Brear. The Anglian 
idea is a plain between woods. Sanctuary, Sacrobosco. 

Fleet, Flit, fleot ; Fleyt, flot, fluet, fled, Flet, flow, a channel, 
flattened out, tidal river. Anglian. 

Field, Feld, fell, feud, Felt, velt, weld ; a clearing, the trees 
being felled. Norse and Anglian. 

Fell, Feld, veldt ; barren hill, crags, moorland. Yorkshire 
Fells reach as far south as Flasbv. Norse. 



2G0 ETYMOLOGY. 

Fold, enclosed, falod (Norse,) pen, stall, paddock, cattle-fold; 
Icelandic, Anglian. Fald, Falds, Felt, Pinfold (Pound, 
penned up.) 

Foss, Force, Fors, Fos, Fous, Fews, Fox, Norse ; waterfall, 
torrent, rapid current. High Force, 70 feet. 

Forcett, (?Fawcett,) head of the force. The Anglian form 
is waeter, the Calder valley folks' watter. 

Foss, a ditch, dike, river defence at York ; tributary of the 
Ouse. 

Forest ; in some cases dis-forested. 

Farm; Fermhold, house, barn, stables and land rented yearly; 
or leasehold ; rent paid originally in kind. Frem, separa- 
ted, sub-let. 

Fen, Fenny, Fins ; marshy ; moorland. 

Farn, Fern, Far; fern. 

Furze, gorse, (Norse,) Whin (Celtic.) 

Fang, Frang, Vang, Wang ; field, meadow. 

Far, Fer ; beyond. 

Fair, Fare, (?Faar, sheep, Danish,) Fairweather, ? redundant 
Faar, wether. 

Fes, Fax, veg, wegges ; way. 

Fin, Fine; confine, boundary. 

Fige, Figel, Fylling, Fyl, Fiue, Fuie, Fi, Fiu, Fuce, fuyol; 
? fowls. 

Fools, Fuls, Fugeles, Fule, Ful, Fole, Full; ? fowls. 

Flam, Flane, Fleamburg in Denmark. Flanshaw is regarded 
as Flan's wood. Flaynburg, Fleandike, Fleamdike 
somewhat support the idea. Ida, the Flame-bearer, has 
been mentioned as having given the name to the Danish 
headland ; and others think that a beacon long ago pre- 
ceded the days of lighthouses on the summit. 

Fad, Fade. 

Forne, W 7 idforn, Withern, see Tow, Thorne; Thornwick Bay 
from Forne, a Dane, or Norseman. 

Fountains, after Fontaines in Burgundy. 

Fur, see Fir, Frede. 

Fleak, Flakes, swing.gate, hurdle, bread-creel. Belgic. 

Flush, Flash ; swamp, plashy. 

Flask, Celtic, bold cliff. 

Ful, foul, Folli ; see Folly. > 

Fulneck, Fulneck in Moravia. 

Folly, perhaps Folk-ley ; or indicative of foolish. 



ETYMOLOGY. 261 

Foot, bottom of a bill. 

Fall, rotation of crops ; bollow near cliff. 

Finkle, Finkil, Yincle : (1) Finkel Street is found in ancient 
towns, and often near or part of Roman roads, and in 
those instances seems to imply crooked lane or way. In 
Belgic, Danish, &c, vincle means an angle or corner. 

(2) Finkle is an old word for fennel, feniculum ; it is spelt 
in many ways, — Fenkyl, fenkel. 

(3) Finkle, may be finch-bill ; but so is every hill more or 
less, for the finch builds in country lane hedges, but not 
in busy old streets. 

I have met with the name at Lightcliffe, Horsforth, Gild- 
ersome, Market Weighton; in each case indicating a country 
lane ; whilst York, Richmond, Sedbergh, Malton, Knares- 
borough, and old towns bordering on Yorkshire have Finkle 
streets. Probably Finchale Abbey (Durham,) and Funchala 
(Madeira,) take the name from the fennel plant. 

It has been suggested that the root may be found in the 
Scotch word vennel, a narrow passage, a ginnel or snicket ; 
but this is not supported by the descriptive name Lane, 
Street. At Armley, Fink Hill is a very narrow footpath. 

Thus the name is found in busy haunts and lonely places, 
and I am no nearer a solution than when I wrote forty 
years ago : — 

'•In the early volumes of Notes and Queries (London) dis- 
cussion took place on the etymology of this word. What is 
wanted is a list of the occurrences and descriptions of sites. 
Finkle-street, Knaresborough, is a straight, narrow street at 
right angles to the main streets. Finkills, in Hipperholme, 
is a straight country road from Nab -end to Upper Green, 
and there never was a house near it. " On the Finkills " is 
the common expression. Whether from finch (bird), fennel 
(plant), vinkle (crooked), must be left for comparisons." 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Fals, Vals, Wales ; strangers, Welsh ; it has been asserted 

that fals, Yals, is from Flask, Falsk, cliff. 
Farman, Farmanes. 
Fars, Fersel. 

Pari, Farel ; (farling, fellin ?) 
Face, Feiz (Fek's,) Foites, Fez, Feches, Fix, Fisc, Fish. 



262 ETYMOLOGY. 

Fear, Feder, Feathers, Feres, Fredes, Fir, Fur, Frede, Firs ; 
person, probably from the Fries tribe. 

Felix, Felgis, Fellis, Fride, Flix. 

Fitl, Fidl, Fitlings, Fylings. There is a Fitling in Norway. 

Flax, Flates, Flas, Fleus, Flix. Perhaps Flas, Fles, Flask; 
green spots on bare hills. 

Fleming, Flemming. 

Flen, Flin, Flein, Norseman, see Flamborough. 

Flock, Floch, Folk, Fulch, Falc, Yaux, Fawkes, Fox, Fosc, 
(Folca's.) 

Flor, Flower. 

Flotman, Norse, a sailor; Floteman is a person's name in 
Yks. D.B. 

Fogs, Fulcar, Focker, Fogga (Folca's.) Folchar is mentioned 
in Yks. D.B. 

Frais, Fresting, Fres, Fresch, Thresh, Fris, Frys; Freysteinn 
is a Norseman's name ; well known tribe. 

Frem. 

Fri, Frys, Fridars, Fride, Fridays (Freda,) Freya's, (Venus',) 
Frey'r, Fryup (Frey's hope.) Suu-day, Moon-day, Tuisco, 
Woden, Thor, (Thunor.) Frea, Saturn (Seater.) Frithr 
formed part of several persons names, e.g. Frithgerthr, 
Frithleifr, Frithmundr, Frithrekr. The final r is silent. 

Frick, Frice, Frich, Freckle, Frechel, Frish, Tresh. 

Froting, Frod, Froding, Fording, Frod, Norseman, from 
frod, wise. In Lumsden's Beowulf we meet with " Be- 
trothed to Froda's happy son," and in the Icelandic Land- 
nama Book a Frothi is mentioned. 

Fylings, see Fitling. 

Gate, Yate, Yat, ghet, Ghauts, gett, geat ; Icelandic, a road- 
way ; thus we have the town-gate, or central street in 
many villages, Briggate, Kirkgate, Swinegate, Harrogate, 
and sheep-gates on the moors, narrow strips of land ; 
whilst going a gate-ards (gatewards,) means to accompany 
one part-way home. The word is now generally used for 
a swinging-door at the entrance to a field. Probably 
Ghauts means primarily a steep hill pass, like the Welsh, 
gallt. 

Gris, Greece, Greese, Greas, Gresse, Grise, Gri, Grese ; 
stepping stones, hippiugs, by which to cross a river. 
Blackgreiss at Brighouse were the stepping stones at the 



ETYMOLOGY. 263 

Rornan Ford, before Brighouse got its name, that is, before 
a bridge was built. 

Garth, Yard, Gar, Gard, Gerd, card, scard ; Norse and 
Anglian, an enclosure, a place guarded ; as in garden, 
kirkgarth, stackgartb, and corresponds "with the word toft, 
which included the dwelling house ; and with wang, vang, 
grad, a field enclosed. In the Gothic Bible garth implies 
a house, and in Iceland, a house and yard. Wort garten 
(vegetable garden), kindergarten (children's garden), guard 
(a place or persons), orchard or aurtigarde, Belgrade, and 
Novogorod (New Garth in Russia), all imply protection or 
fences. So do girdle, girth, hagegarth (the hedge, as in 
Ho- or How-garth), Howard, Grit (stone) garth, as well as 
the Welsh garz, arth, yarth, fenced place; and Old Earth 
mentioned in the Elland Feud ballad. The Danish vaenge, 
omfang, implied an enclosed property as distinguished 
from tykkelse, a wide extent. 

gall, gala, Gayle ? 

glade, grassy margin near a wood. 

gill changed to hall. 

Gill, glen, ghyll, Norse, narrow valley, ravine, fissure. 

Gled, a hawk, glaicl, glede. 

Glass, "? glass making at Houghton ; glas in British signifies 
blue or green colour. 

Glen, gill, dell, (Welsh glyn). 

Grange, barn, monastic storehouse, monastic farm, grainery, 
French from the Latin. 

Gor, Ghorn, Yorn, Goran, mountain; a narrow pass, gore. 

Grace (Mount), religious institution. 

Great, magna, michel, mickle. 

Green, portion of common land, generally near water; also 
as an adnoun, Green-how (green hill.) 

Grave, grif, grove, gram, grem, greave, Graf (Cadre,) grip, 
Grib Gripe ; 

(1) Grove, a small wood, plantation, sacred enclosure, 
toft. Anglian graef. 

(2) Grave, a trench, groef, Norse. Grub (dig up), grip (a 
furrow), grif (grof, Norse). 

(3) Greave, an officer over a greaveship, or a graveship 
itself. Gerefa, reeve, Shire-reeve (Sheriff). 

Galtres, Galtre, Girles, Gait, Gerles, Gal. 



264 ETYMOLOGY 

Gap, Gappe, Gob ; opening. Anglian. Gop, cop ; summit. 

British. 
Gant, Gent, Gwent, Went; windy. 
Garry, Yarrow, garv, gor ; rough. Celtic, Garw. 
Gauk, Gowk, Gow, Gawk ; Cuckoo. 
Geu, Gheue, Gow, Given, Geve. 
Gers, grass ; Gres, Girs ; person. 
Gehos, goose ; rough, Welsh. 
Geren, Grin, see Gerne's. 

Green road, on moorlands often British and Roman. 
Grain, a branch, prongs, unity of rivulets. Danish, Norse. 
Greet, Gre, Greta, grit, gritty, sandstone ; or girt, gert, great. 
Greta, rocky bedded stream. 
Grewel. 

Grindle, Gretlin ; either grundel, green or person. 
Groni (Old Saxon), marshy, growan, reedy; Granny, Green ; 

gwern, swamp, British. 
Gray, Gra, Cra, Graystones, grey; old, venerable; stone 

pillars, landmarks, boundaries, "Long stoops." 
Goole, a place in Norway also. 
Goit, a ditch ; also stands for coed, a wood ; Goit Stock, a 

waterfall, Stockgill, Stockdale, waterfalls. 
Ginnel, snicket, narrow footpath, fenced on both sides. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Gamel, Games, Cambles, Gembl, Chemel, Ghemel, Galme, 
Gamel, Gan, Gagen, Gayen, Gambles, Gains, Gegne's. 

Gar, Gere, Ghere, Inger, Garrow, Gheruenz, Geruez, 
Garra's, Ghervenz, Geirvin, owners. Also Whitgar's. 

Garris, Gerdes, Geures. 

Gaten, Ghetenes, Chenets. 

Germunds, Gemmund, Ingman, Gemuns. 

Geren, Grin, Gerne, Arn, Yarn, Gernan's, Gam. 

Gerling, Girling, Gerle, Girl, Ger, Gerles, Garlings, Yarlings. 

Gedwales, Eddie's, Yeddles, Gedlinges, Gilla, Ghellinghes, 
Gilling, Ghil, Ghel, gell. 

Geures, Lovers, Garris, Gerdes. 

Ghersinc, Gressing, Grassing, Garsing, Gerse, Grease. 

Gers, Ghers, Gersing, Chersin, Gar's, Geirr's. 

Gherin, Given, Goin, Grin. 

Ghise, Gise, Gis, Guis, Ghiges. 

Ghiges, Gighes. 



ETYMOLOGY. 265 

-Gilders, Gelders ; Flemings or Guelders. 
Ghive, Give, Gheve, Yeave ; see Gherin. 
Ghigels, Giggles, Gikel's ; some think Giggleswick is named 

from gugglian, the bubbling well. 
Ghinipe, Gnip, Knipe, Knype. 
Gillings, Gidlings, Gilla, Gellings. 
Gip, Chipe, Cipe, Chiper, Cip, Gippings. 
Glap, Glappa, Clappa's. 
Glus, Glos; (Glukes?) 
Gleas, Glasber, Glais, Glase. 
Gold, Guld, Golds, Godes, Gol, Godenes ; Golda's, Guld's, 

Goldings, in various parts of England as owners. 
Gol, Goul, Go, Gou, Guthlacs, Gudlages, Golse, Gox. 
Goth, Gout, Gode, Goath (on Manx runes); Goatland, part 

of Sweden ; also Gothland, land of the Goths. 
Gomers, Gomes, Goms ; Gomme, personal name ; and a 

variant of Gam's, Gamels. 
Goodman, Godmund, Gudmund ; Gudmund, a well known 

land proprietor in other parts of England. 
Goosen, Gusans. 

Grans, Grenz, Grentes, Grant, Grent. 
Gren, Grin, Grind, Grim, Grims, Grimes. Crin and Grim 

are personal names found in Yks. D.B., and in Beowulf. 
Grib, Gripr; Norseman. 
Gris, Girs, Grise. 
Grims, Grimes. Crims ; see Gren, Grin; Grim was another 

name for Odin, and added to persons names. There is a 

Grimsby in Norway. 
Guys, Guise, Gise ; the Gislings are mentioned by Kemble ; 

see Ghise. 
Gun, Bonne; Gun, Gunnr, owners of sub-manors elsewhere; 

Gun, Danish, a warrior, also Norse, 
gum-bald ? Gunbald. 
Grendel, Grindle ; either the Norse fiend, or a chieftain who 

assumed the name ; 

" Then if death taketh nae, thou wilt not need to hide my head ; 
Grendel will have me drenched in gore, my bleeding body dead." 

Lumsden's L'eoiculf. 
Ham, a home, hemmed in, enclosed, private, hamlet, a small 
collection of homes, heim (Norse), ham implies more 
sacred rights and reservations than a tun ; the home is the 
man's private abode. 



266 ETYMOLOGY. 

In one district of Wharfedale there are many hams, but in 
another none. Probably um for ham represents the Frisian 
pronunciation. Whilst there are few in Derbyshire, there 
are numerous instances in the East Riding. Ham and ton 
are the most common place-name endings. It must be noted 
very carefully that in Domesday Book um also represents 
the modern holme ; and besides um, we meet with em, un, 
en, on, haim, u', aim, om, am, an; and um is occasionally 
changed to tun. 

Holme is a Norse word with two applications — 

( 1 ) an island ; 

(2) land bordering on rivers and liable to overflowings, or 
land that is liable to be swampy though not near a river. 
Derbyshire has very few places bearing this name, whilst 
Yorkshire has a great number, particularly the East Riding. 
In the Yorkshire Domesday Book we have um, on, un (as in 
the case of ham,) ol, hulme, olme, holne ; with Horn, Holmp, 
Holme (prefix,) Ulm, Homp; Hopper, Hopre, Houg, Hougen; 
but these may be traced to a different source probably. 

Hill, ill, hull; els, el, le, Hil, belt, hell, helde, helle ; a hill, 
but in some cases is rather the secluded hole or valley ; 
see Hell, hollow. Anglian. 

How, hoe, oe, o, hoy, Hoi, Howe, Haw ; Danish ; Norse, 
haugr. Hill, spur of a hill, artificial mound on which the 
district courts were formerly held, especially Wapentake 
courts ; tumulus. 

Hove, Huff, Heugh, Haugh, Auch, Ho, Hough, Hoc, Hod, 

Halgh, Hoo, Hot, Hou, Ou, Hu; knoll, high, bank, crag. 

Norse. 
Hade, Copt He, head, Ad, Ha, Hat, Hed, Het, Head, et, 

heved, heaved up, hat, haupt, heafocl, heath, crest of a hill; 

Norse, Anglian. 
Height, Hegh, Hea, Hee, Ha, High, Hai, Hay, E, Hei, Hey; 

high. Anglian, Icelandic. 

Hope, up, op, Hop, ope, hwpp ; upland, head of a valley, 
sides of hills, upper part of a dale, slope. Celtic and 
Norse. 

Haigh, Hay, Haw, Haws, hedge, hawse, Hagg, haga, Hag, 
Hague, Haghe, an intake, fence, enclosure ; Hay, Hey, 
French Haie ; possibly for preserving game. 

Hawthorn — hedge thorn ; 



ETYMOLOGY. 267 

Hain, Haggen, Hagende, Hayen, Hale, Hayue, Hagen r 
Haged, Heirnug, Hains, Havening, Harning ; a harbour, a 
hedge, fence. Norse. 

Hep, Heb, Hea, Heppe ; high, heaped up. 

Haugh, Hove; also halche, swampy; halgh, holf, Hal r 
Hough ; a low meadow. 

Hole, hollow, hoyle, Hoi, Hul, holes, el, How, Hull, Hoole, 
Ollant (Holland,) howl (deep sound), see Hel ; a hole r 
bottom, dell. 

Houlbec in Normandy, Holbek in Demark. 

Hole, a cavity ; Hob's Hole, Lyth's Hole. 

Heath, Hide, Hithe (Danish), moorland; heather; Hat, Hed, 
Higre. 

Hadd, Hede ; Norse heidr ; Hather, broom, ling. 

Hithe, Hythe, hide of land : also Hyde, port, haven, shelter. 

House, hus, husband (house-bond), ose, us, Hows; a resi- 
dence, generally larger than a cottage. It is Scandinavian 
and Anglian, and in Welsh is represented by ty. Holster 
(horse-cover) is from the same root, and means a cover. 
As a prefix see Husse. Hustings, householders' court. 

Hall, hala, all, hale, hal, shal, ill, il, Hal, Halle, Al, sail, 
Hatel, Har ; a manorial or sub -manorial residence, of 
greater consequence than house. Hall interchanges in 
Domesday Book with dall, dale, ow, shelf, ley, low, gill, 
so these words must be taken into consideration in apply- 
ing the meaning to any particular place. 
The name hall indicated the residence of a freeman or 

yeoman. It is of Anglian origin, and perhaps allied to halch, 

halgh, haugh, a quiet nook ? It seems to have indicated a 

stone edifice ; and cell has been traced to the same root — 

healh, ealh, Anglian, a hall. Only churches and castles 

were solidly built of stone in the early Anglian period. The 

houses were built of mud, wood, and wattled. 

Helm, Hemmel ; a shed, barn, laith, halm. 

Hut, Hot, hutte ; a hut, cot, hovel, hence hood, a covering r 
and perhaps Hood given to the family who resided there ; 
Robin Hood is supposed to mean Robin of the wood. 

Holt, Norse, a wood, copse, plantation, hold; German holz.- 
Helte, Elt, changed in one instance each in Domesday 
Book to bolt, how, Hold, Hot, how ; see also hag, shaw, 
royd, thwaite, with, grove. Chaucer has " holtes and 
hayes," copse and hedgerows. 



268 



ETYMOLOGY. 



Hirst (Norse), Hurst (Anglian), liors, hyrst, a holt, thicket; 

from the same root we have hoys, rice, (twigs); " cherries 

on the rice." 
Hnut, nut ; see also Cnut's. 
Hock, Hoch, Okke, Ag, Hage, Hac, Augh, Hag, Ache, Ock, 

Hack, Tck, oak. 
Holling, Hollin ; holly, Anglian. 
Hazle, Hessle, Hessel, Hazel tree. 
Hex, Es ; water. 
Helli, Halli, Hali, Helge, Hella, Hety, Hel (Eld?), Elge, 

Halig:, Heligo, Norse, holy, secret or hidden, low, hollow. 

Hel is sometimes an error for Elm-wood. Eldwick is a 

modern corruption from Hel wick. 
Helliwells and Halykels are common : holy. 
Halifax, when was it called Uorton ? I believe never. Holy- 
way may be accepted ; holyhair and holyface are fanciful 

traditions without foundation: John the Baptist's head 

simply indicates the church dedication. 
Hang, Han, Hanging, Hanger; Norse, cliff edge, slope, 

wooded declivity, hanging over. Hean indicates high. 

Hammer, Hamr, a crag. 
Hart, Hert, Her, Hard, herd ; stag. 
Har, see Helde. 
Hard, barren land. 
Ham, Heme, Hearne, Earn, Erne; (1) house, (2) falcon, (3) 

heron. 
Hare, Here, Har; a hare? but see Harrow, here (an army), 

harbour. 
Har, Herghe, Harise, Heryes ; sacred enclosure. 
Hard, herd, heord, ard ; a flock; Hartz, deer forest; (2) 

durable. 
Hatch, a wicket gate, protection, hatchway, low gate. 
Hip, mistake for Ship, sheep. 
Hipper, Hubber, Huper, upper. 

Hearh, Herb, hearth; private, sacred; llan, tref, Celtic. 
Hen, old. 
Hodder, a river. 

Hook, Hok, Heck, water locked point. 
Horn, hum, hyrne, irne, dime; a corner, ness, cape, hook. 

Hornsea in Norway. 
Hor, Or, hoary, Hoarstones ; they are on hills. 
Hug, Hughet ; a gap, Norse. 



ETYMOLOGY. 269 

Hull, river; applied now to the town on it : -sounding, howl. 

Humber (estuary), humming. 

Honour of Pontefract, a lordship. 

Hundred, Hunder, Hundret, part of a Wapentake ; one 

hundred freemen's or yeomen's Court. Cantref, a hundred 

(Welsh.) 
Hunger hills, barren; yet Hungru indicates a meadow. It is 

found as such at Morley, Adwalton, Horsforth, &c. 
Hoar, Hore ; boundary stones. 

Hippings, stepping stones by which to pass over stream. 
Haws, Hause, hass, hors ; a pass, a ridge. 
Hol-der-ness, hollow-Deira-ness ? Ockell, Ocellum, from 

British ykill, foreland ? The Holdres were Norse Thanes, 

who sub-let to Bonders or farmers. Olderness in Norway. 
Hoste, Owst, Aust ; East. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Hab, Habe, Abbe, Abe. 

Haakon, Hackn, Hackons, Heck, Hack (901), Hacon. 

Hacle, Ackl, Ache, Hag, Aeki. 

Hadding, Adding, Had, Haddo, Hedda, Haddles, Ethels 

(man's name). 
Hais, Hasse, Hasch, Aske, Aschel. 
Hald, Haldis, Holds, Hold, Aid, Howls, Holdr ; Norseman ; 

see Holder-ness. 
Halme, Hawn, Hamps. 
Halwide, Eller. 

Hals, Hale, Heal, Haws ; probably not from a person. 
Haan, Hami, Heming. 

Hamels, Helms, Hems, Elmes, Hamel, Hamble, Humble. 
Ham, Hone, Hane, Hon. 

Hammer, Hanbre, Hamer, Ambre, Amer; Anglian. 
Hands, Hans, Hanes, Aines, Hean, Hanns, Hen, En, Hin, 

Hyne, Haynes, Hawns, Hagun's (g=y),Henne's,Haning's. 
Hardinc, Arthing, Hards, Herts, Hardis, Hartis, Harting, 

Herte ; Hardings mentioned amongst ancient Norse land 

owners. 
Hathers, Heres, Harths, Harts, Adderish, Ather; probably 

from heather. 
Harp, Arp ; ? Har-op. 
Harl, Herle, Herels, Harls, Erie, Herse, Hars, Erse, Harling, 

Earls. 



-270 ETYMOLOGY. 

Hartling, Herlin, Hart, Hort ; Heort in Beowulf's poem. 

Harring, Herring, Errin. The Herings are mentioned in 
Norse MSS. 

Hasbund, Aismundr ; r is silent. 

Hass, Hasse ; Haslund in Denmark. 

Hasel, Hesler, Hasle, Hesle, Hesel, Hase, Asel, Esele, Has- 
lin, Hesling, Hesl, Hes, Eslin, Esd, Hesde, Hess, Heys, 
Assel, iEsling ; mentioned as Norse landowners. 

Haser, Azer. 

Hanech, Hawks, Henoches, Hoches, Hauoces, Haux, Hax. 
It is not likely to be from bavoc, bauoc, a bawk. 

Heding, see Hadding. Tbe Headings are mentioned in Ice- 
landic MS. 

Heldews, Hils, Helde, Hal, Heldre, Holder. 

Heckmond, Agemund, Alcbemont, Heck, Hex. 

Helmes, Ems, Elmes. 

Helper, Elpe, Hilper, Ilpre. 

Helsing, ? Hesling. 

Heinde, Hinde, Inde, Hin, Hind ; if not from owner, perbaps 
from tbe bind, female deer, but this is more doubtful. 

Hemling, Himelinge, Himel : tun of tbe Hemlings. 

Herles, Erles, Earls, Harl, Herliug, Herulf's, Herel. 

Hens, Hen, Hans, Edes, Edres, (Edwin's, 633?). 

Hems, Hameles, Hilme, Heming's, Hemme, Hami, Em, 
Amy. Hemings are mentioned in Norse and Icelandic 
MSS., and in Beowulf. 

Hesler, Esler, Hex, Es, Hesin, Easing. 

He, Hai, (St. Heui, 610, foundress of Helaugb, Hailaga, 
Nunnery.) 

Hilda, Hilde, Helde, Har, Ilde, Hils, Hildoves, Hilder, 
Hilger, Hinder, Hilgre, Ildre, Hindre, Hilden, Hildinges, 
Ildings, Hildgeir. 

Hippie, Hips, Hipl. 

Hillings, Illing. 

Hilcbe, II, Hickle, Cbicbel, Icbel ; an Icel was a contempo- 
rary of Hengist and Horsa. 

Hive, Hid. 

Hock, Hocg's, Hoeing, Hoge, Hocb, Okke, Ock, Hox ; fear- 
less like a bog. 

Hode, Hotb, Huds, Hudres, Udres, Hudders, Oders, Otbers, 
Udda, Hudds, Hotbr, Hutbers ; Odder the blind brother and 



ETYMOLOGY. 271 

slayer of Baldr; after that a personal name for chieftain. 

Beowulf gives the name. 
Horn, Horen, Horni, Horning, Hore, Horninc. 
Hors, Hose, Horsa. 
Hov, Hoving, Offa's, Oven. 
Horts, Harts. 
Hub, Hubber, Ubba, Hug, Hugh, Hu. There was a Hubba 

in 8G7. 
Huck, Hueche, Uk, Ux. 
Humble, Humel, Umel, Hum. 
Hun, Huns, Hunsing, Hulsiug, Huls, Holsing, Ulsig, Hunds, 

Hundres, Hundulfs. Hundings are mentioned in Norse 

MSS. Hundelfsdale (Underdale). 
Hundeman, Hunman, Hunt, Huntin ; Danish ; wolf-hounds 

— man. 
Hunchil, Huddles, Uncle, Uncles ; Hunchil, well known 

Norseman. 
Hungar, Hingwar, Anglian chieftain. 
Howard, Castle of the family of. 
Hus, a prefix, may be from Husse, Hussa's. 

There are Hessle, Howden, Hook, Haaland (Harland) and 
Halsem in Norway as well as in Yorkshire. 

Ing, ingas ; family, tribe, descendants, as in the lists of 
original owners under each letter of the alphabet. This is 
the case with nearly all where ing is followed by a root 
word, — thus ingham, ington, inghurst, ingden, ingdon, 
ingwortb, ingley, inghow, ingthorpe, ingbeck. Abbreviated 
also — in, inc, en, ling. 

Ing, a meadow, generally low-lying pasture land. Norse, 
Anglian, German ung. Possibly it may be found as en in 
the middle of a word. Engs, ings, grass land; acres indi- 
cates arable land. 

la, ya, yea, ea, Iaf ; water. 

Iar, Yar, Yar[um\ a stream. 

iet, yet, gate. 

ige, ick, see wick. 

Ick, Gike, Yeke, Cuckoo : or Icelings, a tribe. 

Ilk, Illic, Alican, Olicana, llecan, Ilche, II, Hilche ; rocky. 
There is a remnant of the Celtic 11 pronunciation in the 
folk speech of even fifty years ago. Heathley for Ilkley. 

ill, il, el, hill ; sometimes a hall. 



272 ETYMOLOGY. 

Ingev see Gar ; Inkers, Ingers. 

Ingbirch ; meadow, birch tree. 

isk, esk, risk, ax, ex, wiske ; water. 

lap, Yap. 

Incle, see Heinde. 

Intakes, land enclosures from waste. 

In skip. 

Ing, Ucne. 

Ir, Ire. 

Iole, Youl. Ivel, Yevel, Givcl, Yel ; a stream. 

Isle, Isel, water: Isurium (Aldbro'), Roman town near Ure. 

Istop, Stubbs. 

Iugu, Iacu, Yoke. 

Ive, a steep place, ascent, Danish. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 
Ianulfs, Ows. 

Ide, Idel, I&law Idle ; Ide's. 

Ilde, Ildre, Indre, Hinder, Hilda, Ildings, Hilden. 
Illing, Illiugs, given in Kemble's list. 
Ingman, Gemuns. 
In, Ine's, Ina's. 
Ingle, Engle, Eincle, Ingolds, Ingulfs, Ingulves, Ingles. See 

also Angles, Engles. 
Ir, Yer, Ira, Ivar's, Ire. 

Jaglin, family at Purston. 

Keld, Kel, Kella, Kil, Cyl, qwella ; Kild, Chell, Kels, Chels, 
Cheld, Key ; skell, Chille, childe, a well, spring, pool ; 
Norse and Anglian ; Danish Kilde. 

Kelley, Calges, Calais, (1) springs; (2) passage or strait, 
steps, Kyle ; (3) personal. 

Kil, cell ; hermitage, sacred building, 

King's highway ; Via Regis ; perfectly free to all. 

Kirshaw, Ker — , Kirkshaw original spelling. Cherc, Chirche, 
Cherch, Kir. 

Kirk, Circe ; Norse, Anglian. The Greek kuri oikos, House 
of the Lord, has been claimed as the origin ; others trace 
it to the Celtic, Carreg, crag, ker, (sacred rock). Rare to 
find kirk in S. England. Latin, Eccles; "Welsh, Eglwys. 

Ker, cher, sker, cur, car, carr ; see carr for two explanations. 
On the moorlands we have Kirk, Druidical for Cyric, 
sacred rock. 



ETYMOLOGY. 273 

Ken, Kennet, Kent, clear river ; also Kens, Chen, Keen's, 
Norseman; also Ken, Cain, Kin, the head, end (Celtic). 

Kep, Chip, Cap ; keep, stronghold, mound. 

Kern, Churn, Quern (to grind), Cyrn ; Anglian. 

Kew, skew, cough, col, coe ; woodland. 

Kirnber, Chiber, (cwm-bergh '?) 

Kip, Chip, Skip, Kipl, Chipl. 

Knap, Cnape, Nab, summit of a hill, top, cop ; Knipe, Gnip, 
Ghinipe, Neb. Anglian, Norse. 

Knee, Na. 

Knowl, Knoll, Cnol, Knap ; summit of a hill. 

Knock, Cnoc, Knott ; round hill ; cnwc, Welsh, a nook. 

Kirklees ; why this name first appears as Kuthelaga I cannot 
explain ; nor the origin of Knostrop, unless it means 
Knolls-trop. Kiln, Chile, or Kyln in Kilnsea, requires 
further investigation, 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Katting, Chat, Chad. 

Keel, Chel, Chil, Chile, Chiln, Killing, Kiling, Cheni, Kenny, 

Kelling, Chelinc, Kiln, Cheling, (Kild), Keeling. 
Kelk, Chelch, Kel. 

Kear, Kere, Chere, Keres, Creves, Creues, Kenny. 
Keigh, Chiche ; Kihel's, (Keeth). 
Kes, Ches, Kex, Cotes, Ceze, Chetes, Chize ; from Norse 

Cissa, Kessa. 
Kemps, Kerns, Cambes, Cames. 
Kettle, Chetels, Kedles, Kels. 
Keying, Cainge, Chaing. 
Kid, Chid. 
Kilving, Chalving, Chelvinc, Chelvin, Chelp, Kilpin, Kipling r 

Climbi. 
Killer, Chilver, Chilverts, Chilvord, Chilvestre, Kive, Cive r 

Kilvers, Culvert. 
Killa, Chinewald, Gunwald. 
Kin, Chin, Kins, Chines, Kenis, Chenes, Chesne. 
Knares, Chenares. 

Knay, Chenive, Keneue, Chennic, Knive, Cheneve, Knave. 
Knotting, Noting, Notting, Cnut ; Canute's, as in Knutsford. 

Cnoting, Chenote, Knut are well-known spellings, distinct 

from Snotting (Notting) ham. 
Knight, Cnit. 

R 



274 ETYMOLOGY. 

Kyme, post-conquest owners; see " Ilkley, Ancient and 
Modern." Kymbol was an old spelling for Cynebald, a 
Norseman. 

Land, laund, lawn, lant, lont ; Norse and Anglian : Angle- 
land, Angleterre, Anghilterra. Vast territories — as Po — , 
Hoi — , Fin — , Switzer — , Ice — , Green — , Shet— , &c. 
Smaller territories as Sundered — , New — , Cross — . Four 
lands, four strips of common lands. Welsh llan, an en- 
closure, private or sacred, hence a kirkyard. 

Ley, la, lai, lei, lie, lade, lac, lay, lag, lage, lege, lea, lee, 
leigh, lees, meas, meadows ; leah ; pasture, grazing land, 
Norse ; Lay — " lond not tylled," to lie lea or fallow. Lig- 
gan to lig, lie. Applied also to rushy or thack-grass land. 
Nearly always in a low situation ; where otherwise it is on 
a flat ; as with holmes ; llys, (Wei.) Ley is often confused 
with lage, lac, law, low, so that words of these endings 
require separate examination on the spot. Newlay, near 
Leeds, is a modern spelling of New Laithe. See also 
Laugh. 

Law, hlaw, Loghe, Loge, lau, lai, see Low ; allied to Dane- 
lagh ; a mound wholly or partly artificial, as the cairn 
Rumbles Law, on Rumbles Moor. Thinglaw, Ardislaw, 
Ravenslaw each now spelt as ley. The ending in several 
wapentakes, where courts were held on mounds, shews the 
same origin, see hou, o, how. Duplicated in Lawhill. 
Danish form is hoy. 

Low, like Law, is much confused in our modern spellings 
and from Norman times has been substituted for ley, hall, 
cliffe, and vice versa. History, and the geographical 
situation must decide which spelling should be adopted, as 
in the case of don and den, and some others. Law and 
Low may mean a natural hill, a mound on which the local 
Courts were held as at Thinglaw (Tingley) or Tynwald 
(Manx), or a burial mound or cairn over a chieftain. Lau 
interchanged with dene in one instance, hill and hollow 
being contiguous. 

Laugh, le, lai, laga, Las, ley, Lau, Law, see ley. 

Lowthorp, Loghetorp, Logetorp, has a mound, circular in 
shape, called Fox Hill, really Folks' Hill, and there is no 
room to doubt that the Hundred Courts for Burton were 
held thereon. The mound has not been disturbed. 



ETYMOLOGY. 275 

Lake, lac, lage, lag, lache, cal, slack, sey, lock ; Anglian, a 
widened stream, slow current, or land locked, hence Lough, 
Loch, Logr, Llwch, (Ireland, Scotland, Iceland, Wales). 
Latin lacus. Sometimes confused with ley and slack in 
old documents. 

Leckon; rather than favour a hybrid etymology from Brit, 
llecan, a stone, I prefer leccan, wet, from Anglian, as 
opposed to Dri(field.) 

Lin, Linn, Len, llyn (Welsh), pwl (Wei), pool, dubb, mere, 
sea, water, pond. German hlinc, kling, a brook is an 
allied word. Lhing (Manx) a pool. 

Lea, stream. Lu, Ly, Lyg, Lade (a channel). 

Lune (Celtic), Lan, Lone, Lon, Lons, Alauna, Alna, Allan, 
clear. 

Leven (Celtic), Leaven, Ledl, Ledlinghe, smooth water. 

Laver, Lavre, Lavatre ; flooding, laving. 

Lad, layt, Lathe, Lade (see Lea, Lade, Leet). 

Laith, Lathe; barn, shed, helm, Norse and Anglian : Danish 
hlad, a barn. 

Lat, Lay, Lachas, Lag, Lig ; low. 

Lad, lead, in Scotland, pile of stones. Celtic lladfa, a 
slaughter, sacrifice; whilst leid, lead, ladder imply a gate, 
way ; las, les, Less, Liss, Leece, Lies ; pastures. 

Lachen, Lacken, Lachin, Leckon, Lache, Lecan, Olican, 
Alican, Ilk, llech (Welsh)-tablet, flat stone, funeral mem- 
orial as in cromlech. See also leckon, leccan, to leek, 
leak ; and also confused with ley. 

Lacl, see Ackl. 

Lang, Lan, Langhe, Lanb, Long, (Lon, see also Lon, Lune); 
(1) long, (2) stream. 

Lodge, resting place. 

Leeds, Leod, Ledes, Leds, Loidis, Lead, Led, Lede, Leid, 
Lied, (Sled, slet, let, see these under Sled), Lide Lid, Leat, 
Leath, Lider, Lythe, Lyth, Lithe, lif, litli ; lathe, Layt. 
For lythe, see also hithe, hide, ythe. Leoth, Lud, Leod ; 
the people, assembly of the freemen ; Lith, a slope ; liot, 
leod, the people ; leet, a court of the people ; Lathe, Lath, 
a district under the Sheriff's jurisdiction ; Loidis a chief- 
tain, doubtful. 

Lid, Lyd, Lud, Lut, Ludden ; watercourse, public gate to 
common lands. Lud and Letwell, the people's well ; the 
X>eople. 



276 ETYMOLOGY. 

le, the ; le street, the street. 

lee, see lake, skelf. 

ling for ing (field), ingas (family). 

Lern see Arn. 

Loft, Loct, Lot, Lopt : uplifted, aloft, two storeyed house. 

Lock, Loche, Luc, Youl, Locking ; enclosed, reserved : also 
lloch, Welsh, a protection, as in land-locked, lough. 

Ling, Lin, Lind, Lil, Lip, Lill, Lilling, Lilinga ; (1) ling, 
heather, bent, besom, thack ; (2) lyn, a pool or stream ; (3) 
the Lilling family; (4) flax, very unsatisfactory, though 
Hempholme favours it ; (5) lind or lime tree equally un- 
satisfactory. 

Lund, (llwyn, Welsh), a grove, sacred enclosure often; hint, 
laund, lownd, a sheltered place, a slade near a wood. 

Lax, Laxin ; Lax is still a family name. I have no faith in 
the statement that it represents lax, the salmon. 

Leal, Lei, Lelley, Lyt, Lit ; Little ? 

Lumb, a glen with pool or rapid stream. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Lazen, Leising, Lesing, Leisenc, Laisin, Leizing. 

Larting, Lertin, Lart, Lert; Lartings family in ancient MS. 

Lasting, Lesting ; mentioned by Beda ; see Lax, Laxin. 

Leake, Lece, Leche, Leek, Lays, Leches, Locking (see Loche, 
Lock); see also Leckon, Laching, Lax; but don't try to 
discover the descendants of old Loki, the devil or hobgoblin, 
for there were Locings of a respectable family. 

Lebbers Ledbez ; abbreviation of Norse name. 

Ledi, Loidis, unsupported ; though Ledings are mentioned. 

Leofric : also laverock from the Anglian laveroc, a lark. 

Levetot, Leutat, Livetots, Levis, Leuec, Lewec, Levet, Lev- 
ing, Len, Leve : also as Leovenoth, Leofnoth, Leuca's, 
Levings in Norse lists, Leven's, Lefan. 

Lepin, Lepping, Lep ; mentioned in Norse MSS. 

Leonard, later owner. 

Little, Sciteles (Oskitles). 

Livers, Leofrs, Livre, Lovers, Luvres, Luures, Geures. 

Lodres, Lothers ; as in Lothair. 

Londes, Lodens, (Ludden). 

Ludi, Lud, Lod, Loidis ; Norse ; as also Lodings and Luddings. 

Lup, Lupe, Lupus (wolf-man). 



ETYMOLOGY. 277 

Marsh, Mere, Mersc, Mareis, Mesc, Mire, Mersch, Mares, 
Marr, Marra, Marl, Marsice, Marishes, Mer, Mear, Mars, 
Mers, Mar, Mare; a pond, lake, miry place, swamp; Norse, 
Anglian. Now-a-days a marsh is a swampy ground, and 
some of them were formerly meres, the water having been 
drained off recently. In the East Biding mere corresponds 
with sea (lake) in some cases, and in N. West Yorkshire 
with tarn. 

Moor, More, Mir, Mor, Mur; Anglian, moorland, uncultivated 
high land, plain. Moors were liable to be swampy in a 
less degree than a marsh hence both may be miry and 
mossy. Myres, Myers, family at the marsh. 

Middle, Mel, Merel, Midel, Medel, Mith, Myth, Metel, Met, 
Milde, Milden, Mell, Mid, Mit, Mi, My, Mede, Meth, Mil, 
Methal (Manx), Anglian. 

Magna, Michel, Mickle, Mucel, Mic, Midg, Muchel, Mich, 
Much, Mitch ; great, large ; midge (gnat) in derision. 

Mill, Mil, Mile, Bil, Mille, Milling, Miln, Molina (Latin), 
Mele, Mel, Mylen ; cornmill. 

Marken, Marking, Merch, Merchin, Mearc, Mark; a boundary; 
meer, mear, mere, boundary stones. 

mete, limit or boundary ; mythas, boundary. 

min, mine, men, Mennis, Mene, end or bank of river. 

Moss, a marsh ; possibly also mas : see marsh, morass, moor- 
land, bogs. 

Market ; had market rights ; to distinguish Weighton from 
other Weightons. See chipping. 

Mor, Celtic, the sea ; allied to Celtic Mawr, great. 

Maple, mapple, tree. 

Maldon, Malton, Mealdun, Camelodun (Roman), Derventio 
on the Derwent (Roman) : see Malt. 

Marde, Martre, Mar, Merde, Marthe. 

Mas, Maes, mead ; Meth, meadows ; see Mease's. 

Mawm, see Malg-ham, a pass, plain ; Celtic. 

Melt, Malt, Mele, Mow, Mell, Mare, Mai, Maul, Mel, Malg, 
Melse, Meaux, Melsis, Malsis, Chelchis : (1) Mai, Maul, 
Mel, a cross or obelisk, (2) Malger, Mauger, the Norse 
settler, (3) Mai, Moel, hill, British. 

Montem, sub Montem, (under the hill.) 

Morthen, probably Moor-thing; moor whare the coart was 
held ; Laughton, mound or la we. 



278 ETYMOLOGY 

Moot, Mulct ; mote, meeting place : hill often moated, court r 

fine. 
Main, Mayne, a district, chief street. 
Maiden, found near Roman Roads. 
May, Mai, Magh ; Celtic, a plain. 
Mistal, milk-stall. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Manne, Mann, Magne (Latinized), Mannes, Man, Maun, 
Mans, Manz, Manes, Mens, Mane, Maines, Mensing, Mer- 
sinc ; Mannings are mentioned in Norsemen's lists ; also 
Maen, Man ; a stone. 

Malche, Malsis, Melsis, Chelchis, Mosc, Mosche, Molsce, 
Molz, Malcolm, Norseman; from mellow, sweet, milk. 

Malson, Melson : Malmes was corrupted from Maldulf's. 
Mailings and Mellings in Norse MSS. 

Maimer, Melmer. 

Malzeard. 

Malbis. 

Mange, Marrick. 

Mauleverer. 

Maxudes. 

Melling ; Mell, a Norseman, 

Meches, Mex ; from Machs, a Norse-name A.D. 969. One of 
the name held Anglesea. 

Miniot. 

Misper. 

Michael (St., to whom the church was dedicated, Wyresdale.) 

Monn, Monk, Monech, Monuch, Monc ; monastery built there. 

Mint, Munet ; mouth, defence. 

Mole, Moles, Mol, Moul, Mow, Mule, Mul, Uulede. 

Mowbray. 

Morell. 

Moth, Mot, Morth, Mort. 

Musgrave, Mus. 

Myers. 

Ness, Nace, Nes, Nesse, Neisse, Nace, Naze, Nase (German) ; 

Nose, projection, point of land, inland as well as near the 

sea, head Land ; Anglian. 
Nate, Neat ; Anglian, cattle, nowt. 
Na, Knee (Nahe German,) ney, water; also nigh, near. Nea- 

land in Norway. 



ETYMOLOGY. 279 

New, Neu, Nine, Niwe, Nichue, Newn, Neow (Anglian); recent. 

Nant, nent, a vale, Welsh. 

News, Neus, New-bus. 

Nic, knight ; also nick, a cleft. 

Neighbour, Nabor, pronounced nigh-bour, North Yorks; nigh. 

Nidd, Nit, Nether, Nidder, Nith ; Nid, a river of Norway; 

Neath, winding river, Celtic. Nidd (Welsh), dingle. 
Nether, Nidder, middle, lower. 
Nor, Nord, Nort, north, Norbeck, runs north, NorclifTe, faces 

north. 
Nappa, (rnappa), ? cliffe-hill, cliffe-streani. 
Nab, Nabb, Knap, nef, neb, Cnap, Cnol ; headland, cliff. 

Norse. 
Nonninc, N mining, Nonne, Noning, Nun, nunnery. 
Nook, Newkin, Niuc, Neuk : corner, Gaelic and Norse. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Nadfar, Naffer, Nap ; Nattfaris, Naef's, Norseman. 

Naghel, Naw, Nagel, Navel : Nollings. 

Nar, Neres, Knares, Chenares, 

Norman, Norme ; Norman's, mentioned in Domesday and 

other MSS. 
Noth, Nutt, No, Notele, Nuttles. 

Nostell, Osele, Osle ; Osel, a Norseman ; stall, a homestead. 
Noting, Knotting, Cnut, Canute ; see Snaith, Snein. 

Oak, Ac, Ocker, Och, Oc, Og ; oak. 

ock, cock, diminutive, for little. 

o, oe, hou, ou, houe, Oue, Hough, Ou, Ule, ow, hill. 

ow appears as hall once in D.B. 

ol appears as holme. 

old appears as holt. 

ome, omb, on, oom, om, am, em, un ; appear for ham, holme. 

oiler, see alder, owler. 

ope, op, up ; for hope ; Ops, Ups. 

or, once in error for north. 

orde, once for worth in D.B. 

ose, once for house. 
Orchard, ort-geard, fruit-yard. Angl. 
Or, Our, Hor, ore, Over, oure, er, Ouer, Upar, Owr, Ore, 

Ufr, (Norse,) over, upper ; but in rare cases, if at all here, 

border or shore (Ravensore.) 



280 ETYMOLOGY. 

Otter, with burn, perhaps the animal ; but see Oders : or 

Outer, beyond. 
Ost, Owst, Oustre, Auster, Oust, Aust, Ows, Aus, Out, Hoste; 

east, see Aust. 
Osi, Os, Osse, Ox, Aus, Ouse, Owes, Ous, Use, Dwes, Oxe, 

Oxen, Osi ; ooze, stream, spring, river ; isk, esk, wiske. 

Osset ? head of the stream. 
Oughter, Outter, uttermost, farthest away. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Odulfs. 

Oders, Hudders, Huthers, Otre, Ottr, Otter, Ottering, Ott- 

reng, Otrege, Otrin, Ottriiig, Otrinc, Ostrinc, Otringe. 
Oding, Adding. 
0°"le Osles Oceles. 
Oles,' 011es,'uiles, Ouls, Ulves, 01, Ul, Ulfs, Oudulfs, Ows, 

Ianulfs. 
Ous, Ulsi, Oust, Wlsin, Ulsin. 
Ones, Ounes, Anes. 
Ormes, Arms, Almias, Worms. 
Osbald, Osbold, see Oswald. 
Osgold, Osgot, Osgod, Ansgot, Asgoz. 
Osmother, Asmunder, Asmundre ; Osmunds, Asmunds, Osse, 

Ossin, (Oswin). 
Osle, Oss, Osele, Nost?// ; Oslaves, Osulfs ; Oslafes. 
Oscitles, Sciteles (Shuttle). 
Osway, Sway. 
Oswald, see Osbald. 
Ote, Ot, Othe, Otto, Otho, Odo, Oddi, Otes. 

Some contend Otley, Wheatley, Ryley, follow such words 
as Oakley : Domesday Otheley is against this idea. 
Ov, Oving, Ulfe ; Offa and Ofings, Oven, Uffens, Uffings. 

Pool, Poole, pie, pwl ; Anglian pol, Welsh pwl, puddle, pond, 
dubb, pole, pol, Poule, pold, Pouel, pyt, pot, phot, a 
cavern, sinking of water. See Paull. Pot-hole, a lime- 
stone cavity, cave, the entrance to which may be horizontal 
or on the face of a rock. 

Parva, Parvo, little. 

Park, pare, parrock, paddock, parwg (Celtic,) a park, wooded 
field ; field in which a mansion is erected ; deer enclosure ; 
impaled, emparked, not embanked. 



ETYMOLOGY. 281 

Penine, Pennine, Penighent, pen, Ben (Scotland), Celtic, 
bill, mountain ; pen, a bead or summit. 

Pen, Pin, Pound, enclosure for cattle; pinfold is a duplication. 

per, corruption for ford, as in Cowper. 

Pad, Path, peth, a food-road. 

Pate, badger or brock. 

Pud, Pudding, wood ; see personal name. 

Pa, Pay. 

Palle, Paull, Paghel, Pagel ; (1) a pool, bank or swamp, 
(Norse), (2) There are Paul and Paul Holme in Norway. 
(3) Paulin, Poling, Norse family : see Pile. 

Pick, Piche, Pic, Pich ; peak, pike, pike-law (tautology), bill 
top, pointed summit ; also personal name, but doubtful. 

Picker, Picber. 

Pickle, Pightel, Pingle, a small croft. 

Pil, Pile, see Pilling ; peel, pil or fort, (a heap or pawl in 
Welsh.) 

Plon, Plom, Plomp, Plump, Plun; clump, a wood, plantation, 
kind. 

Pontefract, Pomfret, broken bridge, but probably in Nor- 
mandy, not in Yorkshire. Post-Norman name. There was 
an ' old bridge ' near Bub with in 1310. Whether the 
Norman birth-place of Ilbert Lacy, or the place where a 
company of priests came from is unsettled. 

Priory ; governed by a prior ; lesser authority than an abbot. 

Pog, bog, morass. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Pain, Paghen, Pains, Pagans, Payans, Pade': Paben or Payen 
family, in ancient MS. (Norse). 

Pagnell, Paynell family ; after the Conquest were large land- 
owners. 

Parling, Perlinc, P'rtilinc, Parlin ; Peartas, Perten, Norse 
family. 

Panges, Penis, Pennys, Penges, Penneg, Penning, Pinx ; a 
Norse personal name. The Pennings are given in ancient 
Norse ownerships. 

Perrow, family name to distinguish which Thorpe was meant. 

Percy, family name to distinguish which Bolton was meant. 

Picot, family name, added for distinction. 

Pidsea, name, added for distinction. 

Pillings, Pila ; Norse personal names. 



282 



ETYMOLOGY. 



Pinching, Pinclrin. 

Pickles, Pichels, Biggies. Norsemen. 

Pock, Poclie, Pocl, Poc, Poclin, Podding ; probably Pucca, a 

Norseman, is a variant of the same name. 
Popple, Pople. 
Porting, Portin, Porti. 
Podeches, Puds (Pids) ; Puda, Podda, Podings, Pudding, in 

old Norse MSS. for persons. 
Pres, Preese, (1) priests'; (2) a meadow (Norman); (3) person, 

Prys. 
Pres, Pr'sene, Preste, Purs ; priests. 

Patrick, Patring, Patric ; dedication of church to St. Patrick. 
Potterfleet, off Spurn Point, see next. 
Potter, Poter ; possibly an ancient pottery, though it must be 

remembered that the Potts, Pottings, were Norse family. 

Quarm, Wharm, Cornel ; there was a Norseman, Corna. 

Quel, Whel. 

Quenne, When. 

Qwern, Whern, ("? millstone.) 

Quick (Q'wick ?) Tohac ; see Whix, Cuches, Cowick. 

RIVERS. — The Old Names will be Celtic. 

Ouse. Ribble, Ribel, Rib. 

Ra,Rhi,Ray,reigh, ft aes , race, mill- 

a stream ; see race ; stream ; 

Rye. 
Rother,Rodre,Raw- 

they, Rip (Ry- 

burn),Rotha,Rie, 

Reeth,rith, reide 

(Frisian), rythe, 

running water ; 

red water (rhud), 

raw, rough 
Rye, Rie, Ry, Ri, 

Ryther,Ridre(see 

der), Ra, Rea, 

Rhe, rapid, force. 

Rus, Roos, Rox, Roze, Rous, Rousce, 



Aire. 

Crimple. 

Calder. 

Cock. 

Colne. 

Cod. 

Derwent, dwr, der, 

ter, water. 
Don. 
Dove, du wy, dark 

water. 
Esk. 
Hull. 
Hebble. 
Humber. 
Nidd. 

Ross, Ros, Rhos, 



Anglian. 

Sheaf, shev, skew, 

Norse. 
Swale. 
Tees. 

Ure, Yore. 
Wharfe. 
Wiske, wysig,wash, 

water. 
Wye, wy, water. 
Went, winding. 



Wrose ; headland, high rounded moorland, promontory. 



ETYMOLOGY. 283 

Ris, Rise, Ryse, rice ; twig, brushwood, hris, shrubs, Rush, 
Rus, bris, Rys, Ri, Rise, Rix, Rish, Ryx, Rash (Scotch), 
reis (German), Rede, Red, Ride, Rid, reed, with, hreod : 
rushes. Redmayr (reed-mere) Spurn point ; washed away. 

Rad, Red, Rot, Rut, Rud, Roth, red, roy, Rod, Rat, rhudd ; 
red colour. 

Reach, Rake ; outspreading, extensive, stretch, range ; sheep 
rakes. 

rhyd, Celtic, ford, see rith, Rother. Reade, Rhydle, Riddles. 
Rahad, a road. 

Rick, ric, ridge, hrycg, ryg, Rics, Ry, Reigh ; rig, ris ri ;. 
Anglian and Danish. See also Rais, Rast-nck (duplication); 
ridge of a hill, summit ; rig and furrow of arable land ; 
rigging for ridge of a house ; rig, a person's back. 

Royd, rode, Routh, Rute, Rutha ; a clearing, making wood- 
land into pasture or arable land ; dig up the roots, make 
ruts ; Norse ; an essart, assart ; inanorially roydlands v. 
ancient oxgang enclosures, see thwaite. 

Ridding, Rydings, Rudding, a clearing; hreddan, Anglian, to 
root up, Rhydding. 

Riding, trithing, third part, treding. 

Rough, Ruf, Ru, Ro, Row, Rughe, Ruye, Rwan ; shrubbery ; 
rinding partially cleared ; also Ray, Wray, reoh, unculti- 
vated, Anglian. 

Raw, Ro, Rou, Roude, Rode, rough ; roe, doubtful. 

Roan, Rowan ; tree, mountain ash. 

Ra, Ras, Rast, Raist, Ray ; (1) Rae, Gaelic, a pasture, see 
Reeth ; (2) fence ; (3) rays, heap of stones ; (4) personal name. 

Reeth, Reidh, Reve, Gaelic, a slope: Anglian, Reth, Rithe r 
fenced water. 

Ripes, Rip, Ripe, Rib, Ribs, ripr, bank, reef: hrip ; Latin 
ripa ? There is a Rippen in Norway ; 

rhyn, rin, Rhine, runnel ; channel. 

Richmond ; Richemont in Britany ; Earl of Richmond's 
original home. 

Ring, Righe, Ringhe, Rig ; circle, enclosure. 

Runt, round. 

Rodo, Roth, Rode, Rud, Ruds, Rot, Rotes ; (1) monolith, 
memorial stone : Norse ; (2) stone cross; rood; (3) personal 
name. 

Roche, Roke, Rokes, Rook, Roc ; (1) rocky, (2) rookery, (3) 
river name, (4) personal. 



284: ETYMOLOGY. 

Rams, see Ravens. I dissent from rampo (buckthorn), ramps 

(garlick), rams (quadruped). 
Reins, balks, division lines in common fields; that is a narrow 

strip left unfurrowed. 
ric, rick; a jurisdiction ; ridge if geographically supported. 
Ro-schel. 
Runs, runes ; a council, assembly, rhyn (Br.) a point, is not 

likely to have been coupled with Norse wick, creek. 
Rawten, Ratten, Rotten : (1) rough ground, (2) friable ground, 

(3) place for parade, or meeting. 
Rath, Wrath, wreath, wnd, writh, Roth, Rode ; encircled, 

earthwork, baile. Rathhngs were an ancient Norse family. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Rain, Raining, Rein, Rane, Raininc, Rani, Ron, Ren ; personal 
names in Norse MSS. Ran is considered an abbreviation 
of Raven's. 

Ram, Rawn, Raven, Rawns, Ravens, Ragenel, Raghenel ; 
also Rames, Raims, Rams ; Dane, personal name ; named 
after the favourite raven, as borne on their banner. Raven- 
sore near Spurn ; Ravendale in Norway. 

Rais, Redres ; Rod, Rede, Retle, are variants of a Norse 
personal name. 

Risings, Ris, Norse names ; Rice, Rees, Rhys, Celtic personal 
names. Rise, Risun, are place-names in Norway and East 
Yks. Rest was living in 824 ; Rast. 

Red, Reclhn, Rilling, Renli, Rils, Rilis. The Rredas, Redings, 
are alluded to in Norse MSS., and the Redlins and Rillings, 
reed-dwellers ; lake dwellings. 

Reni, Riming, Rims, Rimes; Hrim, a Norseman; Reni, 
variant. The Riinmmgs are given in Norse lists of families. 

Redeles, Riddles. 

Richard, owner's name added for distinction. 

Roebuck, ,, ,, ,, 

Roberts, 

Kust, ,, ,, ,, 

Ripling, Rippling, Rip. The Riplings will be found in Ice- 
landic literature. 

Roger, Rugar, Rogar. 

Rokes, Hroc, Rux ; personal name ; see Roche. 

Roman, Romund, Romald, Rumoldes, Rumbles ; (1) personal 
name, Hromund, Norse. (2) St.Romuald, (3) Romilies family. 



ETYMOLOGY. 285 

Eodbes ; perhaps Rores, Roderic's. There is a Rodsee in 

Norway. 
Ron, Roun, Run, Rowan, Ran ; Norse personal name. 
Roudelves (Rudolf's), Rolves, Rowls, Roolfe's, Rofel; Rudfar- 

ling ; Hrolf, Rollo, Ralph, are variants. The name was 

abbreviated to Rous, and Rowe. 
Rores, Rus, Roys; Norse, Hroar, personal name; Roderic, 

Eos, Roschin are variants. 

Sey, sea, ai, ea, ey, ig, mere, wy (way), lake, say, see, sai, sa, 
a, se, sege, sie, see, eia; mer, seige, sei, sia, Se-mer, Sea- 
mer,set ; water, ponds, lakes, streams. 

Skehnan, Scelmer, Scemel; probably from Skalmar, a Norse- 
man. 

Spring, 'priug, sprmc ; (1) water, well, spring ; (2) young 
timber, plantation. 

Sheaf, river, see Sckelf. 

Skelf, Sea, See, She(f), Skel, Scalle, Scale, Scan, Skell, Seal, 
Schel, lee, Sche(f), Seel, Schel, Scil, Schil, Sceln, Shell, 
Scive, Shel ; water. 

Scae, usch, scoxe, skew, Scusce, Cus, Shef, Esca, Scue, Sco, 
Scos, Scau, Scot, Scua ; wood. 

Stanc, Stang, Stan ; stagnant pool, stank, Sourmires, saur. 
See Stang, a hill, pole. 

Swale ; sheltered, sweltered. The Swale in Kent is also 
claimed as the scene of the baptisms by the Pope's dele- 
gates, and this is verified by a letter from Gregory. 

Sol, Sul, swamp, mire, slough, sump, sink, sough, swang r 
flash, wass, bog, Solmonath (February, wet). 

Sike, Syke ; dyke, ditch, drain runlets, dike, gutter, water- 
course. 

Sewer, sauf, saur-hole, sour. Norse. 

Skerne, Schirne, Skirfare ; rivers. Skerne in Denmark, bright ; 
rather I think it is the boundary or deep cutting stream ; 
see shire. 

Scherl, Skirl, Schirl, Skir, Skeld, Schelt, keld, skelf, Skell 
(river). 

Shug, Sug ; boggy, swampy. 

Spout, Spooyt (Manx) ; Gaelic, waterfall; Norse, deep channel^ 
rapid fall. 

Stock, cascade. 

Spe, Spey, rapid stream. 



286 ETYMOLOGY. 

Spa, after the German spas : wells. 

Spaw, (Spo(f), see Spot's); there is the trace of a mineral 

water, spa, at Spofforth Haggs. 
Swin, Swine ; a stream ; swim. There is a Swine hamlet in 

Norway. 
Sea, schan, to see, extensive view. 
Sea, Scade, Shad, shade : allied to shaw, Scages, Scayes, 

Scag, Scay ; shelter. 
Shaw, Skogr ; Shuffle, (shaw-neld), Scor, Scoger, Shroggs, 

Scog, Ski, Skee, Scua, Scrog, shrubbery ; Scad, Scrob 

scrubby ; Skov, Schaw, Shaugh, Skeg, Skid. Norse, 

coppice, wood. 

" In Summer, when the shaws be sheen/' 

Slae, Sla, sloe ; see Slead, Slaithwaite. 

Shot, Shut, 's-holt, Scot, a wood. See Welsh coed, Angl. 
wude, Fr. Bois, Lat. Bosco. 

Shelf, Scelf, Shell, Scylf, shylie, shall, sell, Seel, Esel ; a 
shelf, sloping plateau. See also Scelf, Escel, water. 

Shelf is called in Domesday Book " Scelf." 

Hinderskelfe, now forgotten. The site of this hamlet is close 
to Castle Howard. It is called Hildreschelf and Ilderschelf 
in Domesday Book. The prefix is a personal name. 

Hunshelf, near Penistone, called Hunescelf in Domesday. 
The prefix is the personal name Hun or Hune. 

Skutterskelfe, near Stokesley, now called Leven Grove. It 
is called Scutherscelf, Scotherscelf, and Skutherskelf in the 
Guisborough Cartulary. The prefix is a personal name. 
Ida, King of Northumbria, had a son named Sceotheri. 

Tanshelf, now merged into Pontefract. This place is called 
Taddenesscylfe in one of the texts of the Saxon Chronicle. 
Taddene is clearly a personal name. 

Ulleskelf, near Tadcaster, called Ulshelf in an early deed in 
the Selby Cartulary, and Ulfchelf in a document of 1195, 
printed in Raine's ''Historians of the Church of York." 
The prefix is the very common personal name Ulf. 

Waldershelf, one of the four birelaws of the township of 
Bradfield. Walder is a personal name. 

I have omitted Raskelf (near Easingwold) because I am 
doubtful about it. 

Scar, scard, skor, Scarth ; rock; escarpment, precipice, edge, 
cliffe ; perhaps from sciran, to cut ; a part cut off, pot- 
sherd ; sker, ker ; Shar, shear, Skard, Scardiz, Scarth, 



ETYMOLOGY, 



287 



Scracre, Scarf, Seacre, Scarpen, Skirpen, Scars,- Skears, 
Skire, Danish. The Anglian word is carr ; British, caer. 
Scarth, a mountain pass. Esgair, Welsh, a long ridge ; 
Serai th, cut off. See Carr. 
Slack, lac ; hollow, flat, swamp. Slakki, Norse. 

stall, stol, stool, stal, stell ; stock, stow, place, settlement, 

crib as in mistal (milk-stall) ; stottle ; 's-tal, changed to 

dale. 
Sline, Slyne. I regret I cannot gratify my old and dear 

friend, Mr. Richmond of Slynedales, with an authentic 

etymology. 
Sail, shall, el, al, hall, sele, seal, shale, sale, sala, all, hale, 

sal, sle, manor-house, hall; Xorse, Swedish. Sel, Icelandic, 

a shed ; saul, soalt, a barn, Gaelic. 

No reek the hall o'erspread : 
Ej rok i sal sig lade. 
Salley in Denmark. Salley (Sawley) Abbey, near the Ribble. 

Selix Bay is Selwicks ; Sel, owner of the wick, or resident. 
Segg, seeg, sedge, seavy, Sea, Seu, Seve ; Anglian, reed. 
Slough, marshy place, swamp. 
Sal, sali, salf, saugh, Saw, sauf, sedge, sege, Soul, Salh, 

seavy, siv, rushy. Seal ; willow ; cultivated for growing 

sedge and willow, for candles. 
Stead, stede, stad, sted, stadt, hamsted, home-stead, settle- 
ment, Staddle, Stothal (Norse, a camp or settlement), 

Station, Stall, Stydd, Staith, coal-staith ; a place fixed 

upon. 
Set, Settle, Settring, Seat, Side, ster, sterd, scetr, Sed, sat, 

Sedilia, setel, Dorset, Somerset; a farm; seat; lofty abodes 

often ; seta. Setha, Frizian, a pasture. 
Saddle ; hill with settled top, a pass ; a seat ; saddle, settle, 

sedl. 
Ster, a province, district : setr, stadr, strict, di-strict, stretch, 

a station, see set. 
Stow, Stoue, Stut, Stu, stow, stock ; fixed place. 
Stock, stake, stockade, (a staked portion, block, post,) stoke, 

Stow, stowaway, Stoc, Staugh, Stou, stall, Stockbridge 

(wooden pillars), Stoche, Stokes; see Estoches. Stoke in 

Norway. Norse, Anglian. 
Stake, a hill; probably a succession of guide po^ts there. 

Stake Fell in Norway. 



288 ETYMOLOGY. 

Scire, Sbire, Sciran, Skee, Skeer, portion cut off, shears, 
scissors/ shar, shares, sometimes used as a boundary defi- 
nition : sir, schires, slier, sker, skyr, scher, skir ; allied to 
scar. 

Sheriff, shire-reeve. 

Sut, Sud, Suf, South, Suth, Sou, Sutha, Sote, Sotes, Sos, 
Uth, Su, Sol, Sow, Sude ; south. 

Sun, Sunny, facing south, shine, Scone, shone. 

Scip, Skip, Schip, Skib, Sep, Shep, Ship, shef, sceap, Scipen, 
Shippen, seppe, ep, Hip ; sheep. 

Shaf, Seep, Skep. 

Stacs, Stax, Stakes, Stokes, Stac, Stax, Stacks, piled up rocks. 

Street, strat, Strates, Stre, Stret, Stra, Straf, Stir, Stur, 
Stirs, strata, ^Roman), Streat, Start, strad ; straight, "the 
Street called Straight," as applicable in Britain as in 
Syria; Welsh sarn, ystrid, Italian Strada, German Strasse. 

Sid, Side, beside, sat, set, sed, seat ; slope of a hill. 

Staining, probably Stain's. 

Stone, Stane, Stein, Stain, Ston, Stam, Stan, Steyn, Staun, 
stone-cross, Steines, Sten, (see Estein, and 's-ton) ; adopted 
now, in some cases, where it should be evidently ton, not 
stone ; the possessive case 's being joined to the latter part 
of the word instead of the first part, owner's name. Anglian. 

Slead, Slate, Slaid, slet, Slai, Slaith, Slade, Sled, Slide 
(Lede), Sleights, sleet ; meadow between woods, level land, 
plain. " Slain in a slade," Rob. Hood. Norse. 

Sired, a valley (Icelandic). 

Scharne, Scerne, Sharn ; dirty. 

Shard, Serde, sheared ; denuded, stark. 

Sand, San, Sands ; Sandal in Norway, also a Sandholme. 

Salt, salt, mineral. 

Sal, Saw, Salton, Sotten ; 

Saltaire, Sir Titus Salt, founder. Aire — river. 

Soke, soc ; a district, manor, socn, liberty ; Swydd, Welsh, a 
moot Court, scot, shot, tax. 

Some, um, ome, see ham. 

Staple, Staplen, Stople, stable ; market. 

Steeple, church. 

San, Sane, Sac, Sun, Santri, Santa, St., saint. 

Snaith, Snade, Sneid, Snead, Snea, Snad, Snen, Snod, Esnoid, 
Snay, Snache, Sny, Suite, Snyd ; strip, slice, cut off, woods 
or pastures for feeding swine, common lands. 



ETYMOLOGY. 289 

Single. 

Sixten, Sixte, Tlrixen, 16 day's work, deal, a portion. 

Smea, Smi, Sraid, Smede, Smet, Sme, Sruide ; (1) smooth, 
as in Smithy-carr, (2) Smid's. 

Slai, Sloe, tree, Slaithwaite ; see Slaid. 

Spee, Spec, Spre, Spet, Spy ; Speeton in Norway. 

Spink, finch. 

Spital, hospital 

Stave, Stall', Staf, (changed to Stan), Stefan's; or fenced. 

Star, Stamp, Stam, Stanner, (1) stone, (2) Staar, stairs, 

pass, gradual rising, (3) sedge ; Norse, 
stern, terne. 

Stubbing, stubbed ; royded, wood clearing. 
Stud, Stooth, Stoll, Stot, Stod, Sto ; (1) stud of horses, 

young bullocks, (2) 

Strick, Sterc ; stirk. 

Stub, Stubbs, Stop, Istop, Stob, Estop, Stubbing; posts, 

pillars, stoop, monolith. 
Stor, large ; Storthing, great court. 

Sunder, Sundres ; sold off, freeman's land ; separated geo- 
graphically or manorially. 
Swaelow, Swallow; a sink, stream becoming subterranean; 

a beck ; see Swale. 
Swarth, Warte ; black ; also greensward, plat, grass-land. 
Swin, Swine ; see personal names. 
Swin, Suin, slanting, oblique. 
Summer, Somers, lower cattle runs opposed to Winters, 

(used in warmer weather). 
Scales, Shealds, Shields, Skal, Seal, Sheal, Scole, Scholes ; 

shed, hut, out-buildings, Norse. 
Stige, sty, stile, bridle-sty; right of passage for horse and 

men, without any conveyance, but including footpassengers; 

step or pass over a fence for footpassengers, but to pre- 
vent horses from passing. See Ainsty. 
Shott, Shutt, scyd, schut ; a wood ; a shooting or archery 

range ; sceotan, shuttle, skyttel, shetle, shuttle to fly ; 

shuttlecock, skittles, cockshoots. 
Snape, Nape, Cnaeb, Neb, Nabb, Knob, knop, see Knoll. 
Sop, op ; hope. 

Strath, Stroth, Strad, Ster; a plain, mountain valley; Gaelic. 
Storth, plantation, bent grass ; Norse. (2) Storr's, Storz. 

s 



290 ETYMOLOGY 

Stang, mountain ; pole (cart-stang) or brake ; ton, as in 
Garstang(?) 

Shippon (sheep-pen), stall, stable, mistal; Scypan, Anglian. 

Spurn (1) Raven's pum, (2) spyrian, to spy; perhaps from 
its name Ocellum little eye, (3) a headland, obstruction. 

Strid, (1) strife ; (2) striding place across the stream ; a very 
suitable name ; but a dangerous thing to do. (Bolton 
Priory.) 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Sac, Sax, Saxe, San. 

Sale, Sales, Sel, Sele; see Sela. There is a Selby in Norway. 

Scach, Scaggle, Search, Scacher, Scachel, Skekl, Scackle, 
Skackle, Seachl, Skeckl, Shackle, Eschalcke. The founder 
of the family may have been a fugitive, judging by the 
name. 

Scames, Scamps, see Scemel ; and Skalmar, a Norseman. 

Scaws, Scalche, Scaw, Seal, Scaif, scraf; (Aschil, Aschal, 
Oscalf's). 

Scemel, Skelman, Scelmer; Scemel means a bench, butcher's 
stall, shambles. Toll scemule, Matt. ix. 9 ; market-man, 
(2) Scalmar, Norseman. 

Schelin, Scellin, Shitling, Sicklin, Siclin, Shilling, Scitling, 
Scutling; the Scytel's. Sciteles, (Little, in error), Shuttle, 
(Oskitel's, Schuttler, Danish person. Syclings are men- 
tioned as a Norse family in ancient MSS. Schit, Skid; 
Skitti, Norseman. 

Schibe, Skibe. 

Seines, Skin. 

Sclenne, Slenning, Sclen. 

Sclof, Scolfs, (Ascolf's). 

Scornes, Score, (Askom's. 

Scradiz, Scrat, Scart, Skraut. 

Screng, Scraying, Escraing, Scraning, Scraving, Scriven. 

Scru, Scuru. 

Scrof, Scro, Crof, Scraf, Scrop, Scharf, Scarth, Sharp. 

Scul, Skule's ; son of Tosti, Dane. 

Scutter, Skutter, Codre, Code. 

Sex, Saxons, Middlesex, Essex, Sussex, Wessex. 

Sess, Sez. 

Sel, Sels, Sela, Shela ; see Sale. 

Selunges, Slings, Eslinges. 

Seven, Seuen, Swen ; see Swin, Swain. 



ETYMOLOGY. 291 

Sener, Sinder, Sindre, Sendri, Settering, Sinni, Sinning, 

Siui, Sevenic, Siverinc, Siuerin. 
Satter, Sastor ; god, Saturday. 

Sewer, Siwar, Siward, Sievar, Sore, Sour, Sower, Sor, Soure. 
Sigs, Sighes, Sighels. Sigles, Singles, Siyles, Sils; (Simmond, 

Sigmund). Simon's Seat, Wharfedale, may be older than 

mid-Eng.; therefore Sigmund's. 
Silver, Solvar, a viking, 
Silve, Silue, Sil, Silf, Sivels ; (Sigwulf's). 
Silks, Silches, Silcs. 
Snain, Snechin, Snec, Sneculf. 
Sniter, Sinetre ; Schnitter, a Dane. 
Spaun, Span, Spau. 
Spenni, Speninge, Spellin, Spalding. 
Sproat, Sprote, Sprot, Sprox, Spros. 
Stains, Steines, Steinn, Sten's, Stainings. 
Stee, Stive (Stephen), Steving, Steven, Stiven, Styfan : also 

St. Stephen's kirk. 
Stemans, Stemaines. 
Stears, Stires, Estires. 
Strens, Streons, Sterns. 

Sterling, Stilling, Stivelinc, Steflin, Styfecan (Stuke). 
Stil, Tils. 
Stidn, Stitten. 

Stork, Estoch, Estorch, Stoches, Stache, Eustache, Eustace. 
Suaue, Sway, Sua, Swet, Sual, (Oswald, Oswy). 
Suane, Seuen, Swain, Suin, Swin, Sweyne, Suene, Suine, 

Swine, Souyn ; "(Sweyne, Oswyn). There is a place-name 

Zwine in Germany. Swanland and Swine in Holderness. 

The Swannings in Norse MSS. 
Suilling, Suillin, Swilling, Suillig, Suillic ; mentioned as a 

tribe in Norse MSS. 
Salvin, family name added to indicate which Thorpe is 

meant. 
Salt, in Saltaire, from Sir Titus Salt, the founder, 1854. 
Steward, the officer's name added to indicate which Thornton 

is meant ; steward was the Richmond Castle dapifer. 

Ton, tun, tone, tune, tonne; town, toon, homestead, fenced 
abode ; Anglian. Ton is confused in D. Book with don, 
thorn, stone, den, ham, by, thorp. In the case Deighton 
by is added, and Tos-cotun becomes Tocketts. 



292 ETYMOLOGY. 

Tun is used as a prefix iu Tunstall. The modern idea of a 
town, that is, a borough, did not obtain in pre-Norman 
times, and originally a tun was merely a farmstead with 
perhaps a few huts within its fence circle. The tun or 
tyne was originally the fence, but eventually the enclosed 
area got the name. It is the commonest place-name end- 
ing in England; and is found in Anglian, Norse, and allied 
languages. It was applied to a field, Gaerstun, in 800. 

Thorp, torp, torf, throp, dorp, drop, trup, drop, forp, rup, 
Thorf, Thrup, Dorf (German), Throap, Trap, Threap. 
Thorp changes with thorn, toffc, ton and brough ; and 
vice-versa. 

It is specially Danish, though rarely found in Norway. 
It is very general in the East Hiding, and from Chaucer 
to Tennyson has a place in literature as a common noun r 
" Twenty thorps ; a little town." 
There are nearly two hundred thorps in Yorkshire. It 
indicates strong Danish settlements. The *word included 
the farm with adjacent cottages ; a hamlet, or a cluster; 
and as a secondary idea it meant a social combine, as in 
the Latin turba, a crowd; troupe, troop (French), thorubos 
(Greek), assembly. 

The root is found in nearly all European languages. 
Bally (Gaelic) and pentref (Welsh) are equivalents. 

Toft, tov, Tofts, tot, toste, tolf, Topt, tuft, tomft (Norse); 
(1) grove of trees, Danish. (2) messuage surrounded by a 
clump of trees for protection against the wind, " toft and 
croft," a peasant's home and adjoining croft, close, field. 
See also thwait, tuoit, touft, touet, toith, et, for confused 
spellings. 

Thorn, Tornen, Torne, Torr, Toren, Thyrn, torna, Torn; a 
thorn protected homestead. See also Tored, Torte. 

Thorn, see Forn ; Forne, a Norseman. 

Thirn, Thurn, Tern, terne, Tirn, Thurns, Turnu, Thorn, 
thierne, tierne; thorn tree, see also Tored, Thirnes. Con- 
fused with tun, and vice-versa, occasionally in Domesday 
Book. 

Thwaite, thveit, twaite, toit, tuoit, tuit, tuet, fit, as in Garfit, 
Braifit, &c; see also changes to toft, touft, &c; Tuades, 
person. Norse, a clearing, shrubbery, assart, cleared 
from tree roots. Whilst Thorpe prevails in Yorkshire 
and Lincolnshire; Danish districts, and there are not more 



ETYMOLOGY. 293 

than two or three in Cumberland, the Norwegian thwaite 
is found in Cumberland and the Lake district over fifty 
times. It is only to be found in the North West parts of 
Yorkshire about ten times. 

Trow, Treow, Anglian, tree. 

Thing, ding, Tyn, Ting, Tins, Tines, iThwing?); Norse and 
Anglian ; open-air court. Storthing of Norway ; Tynwald 
of Manxland; Thinghou, Court-hill (Sweden); Meeting 
(moot-thing); hustings I householder's court); Dingwall 
(North of Scotland) ; Tingley and Ardsley w T ere formerly 
Thinglaw and Ardislaw ; Thingwall in Shetlands ; in Ice- 
land; Tinsmond near Upsala, Thingvalla. See Moore's 
Manx Tynwald for outline of proceedings down to the 
present day. The six divisions of Mann are Sheadings. 

Tourn, Turn, Sheriff's tourn, half-yearly round for holding 
courts, court-leets. 

tac, take, Wapentac ; touching the weapon of the sheriff to 
indicate fealty. 

Twy, Tvi ; two. 

Ty, Ti, tigh ; a house. 

Thixten, Xisten, Sixten ; 6 thanes; or 10th share. 

Try, tri, tre, Tree, Tree, Thris, district; residence; Tref, 
Welsh. 

Tri, Tre, Hi-ding ; third part. 

ter, tre, terra : land. 

Tan, Tane, Tans, Tame, Tain, Tyne, hop-terns. Thame ; 
teaming, broad water. 

Ta, Tan, Tay ; water. Taff, Gaelic, Cymric. 

Tees, Eas; water, Theiss in Hungary. "Where Tees in 
tumult," (Scott). It receives 25 large feeders. 

Tarn, pond, lake, llyn, lac, mere, dub. 

Temple, Timble, Thimble, Timb, Temple Newsam, Knights' 
Templars. 

Thimble, Timble, has been given as Thing-hill, see Thing. 

ther, der, dwr, water. 

Tad, toad : even as a soubriquet for place-name, it is ridiculous. 

Tod, fox; surely foxes did not need warding as in Todworth. 
Scandinavian. Todhunter is passable for a man. 

Top, upper ; Tapp ? 

Toot, Tote, spy; tutta, sound, noise, scouts. 

Thunder = Th? Under; clifie, bridge, lower; not Thunor, 
Thor, Jupiter. 



294 ETYMOLOGY. 

Theaks, Es, Thack, thatch, thek, deck, bedeck, cover, bent 

grass. &c. 
Tbick, densely planted. 

Tick, see Thicken 's ; or tbick, densely planted. 
Tbong, Tboac, Tobac, Quick ; fenced witb pliable willow ; 

thong, strip of leatber. 
Tong, Tbweng, TbwiDg, Tuenc, Twenc, Tang, Tbwenc, 

Tuinc ; tynnan, fence, tied round ; bence tun, ton ; wedge- 
like strip of land. 
Tongue, strip of land between two streams or roads. 
Tbresb, Tbirsk, Trescb, Tretcb, (escb esk, water); see Tbor- 

esk. 
Tran, a craue ; see Tran's. 
Twisle, Tuisle, betwixt; slice, or Tongue. 
Turk, a vicious person, after the Turkish pirates, but I find a 

more ancient and likely origin in twyrcb, Welsh, wild 

boar, Tork bill at Killarney. 
Turv, Torf, turf. 
Tor, a bill, British. 
Tormorden, Todmor, Todmer ; see Tod, a fox, very unlikely; 

mor or mer is still unsettled (moor or mere). Compare 

Tadmor in the Desert. 
Trough, trobe ; a hollow. 
Towton, T' bow ton ; bill or mound. 
Till Carr, T' bill carr. 
Towlaw, T' bow law (duplication.) 
Thundercliffe, Tb' under or lower. 
Tb is mutilated frequently even now in parts of Airedale ; 

thus — thunder (funner), Thorp (forp), frost (throst), fingers 

(thingers), theatre (featre), threepenny (frippeny), &c. 

See Forne, Thorn. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Tad, Tod, Tate, Tates, Tans, Toddingas, Dodings, Tudings, 
tade, Tuda's, Todda's, Teddings, Taddings, Toting, Toti. 

Tancres, Tankers, Tans ; water-residents. 

Ten, perhaps meant for Dane ; e.g. Tenby. 

Tbirkle, Torchil, Turgisle, Turkle, Tburlde, Turcbil, Turgil, 
Tburgil, Thirtle, Turcbils. 

Tburles, Tbarles, Torueles, Twrulfes, Turolfs, Turolves, 
Turulfes, Tbol, Thoral, Turoldes, Turalz, Tborl, Toroldes, 
Torelder, Thorulds, Torueles, Tborles, Thorald, Thurolds, 



ETYMOLOGY. 295 

Thorolds, Torris, Tored, Treales, Tolles, Toles, Tholes, 

Tol, Tole, (Tyrrel?). 
Thnrns, Tirns, Thorn, Thornes, Thorna, Thorman, Tormoz, 

Thormoz, Turmoz, Dermcs, Thirns, Tirs, Forn (Thorn). 
Terring, Teurinc, Teurin, Tring, Tran ; there is a Tranby in 

Norway. 
Tored, Torte, Toret, Turot (owner), Trouts, Truz, Tur, 

Turverds. 
Thores, Tores, Thors, Thurs, Tor, Thor, Thir, persons named 

after Thor, Thurs or Thorsday after the god Thor, Toren 

(Thorn). Thrus-cross. 
Thorgan, Turgis, Thorgo, Turges, Thurgis, Thurgo ; (gau, a 

district ?) 
Thunres, Donar, god. Tiw, Ten, Dew, god. 
Thurstan, Tosten, Torstan. 
Threl, Trel, see Thurls. 

Tib, Tipe, Tibe ; Teb, Thebb, Teobba, Tibba. 
Tils, Stil, Tules, Toles, Tuyel? Pile in D.B. is evidently an 

error. 
Tiche, Tick ; also tykylls, wide expanse. 
Thorfinn, Torfin. Torpin; after Thor. 
Torgrimes, (Thor-Grim). 
Tosche, Tocks. Toes, Tock, Toscot, Tockets. 
Toller, Tolle, Tollen, Touls, Togles, Toyels, Togeles, Toils. 
Troll, a giant, hobgoblin, fiend. 
Tow, Tone, Towe, Forn, Torn. 
Tude, Tud, Tuades, Tids. 
Tyas (Teutonicus). 

Usk, Wiske, Uisge, Wysc, Esk, Usch, Use, usq, scoe; Celtic, 
fluid, flowing, stream. 

Ure, Yore, Yar, Eure ; (1) brisk, (2) long drawn and mys- 
terious in origin. Related to it is the Eoman and earlier 
British place-name Isurium ( Aldborough). Iseur is a 
Continental river name. 

Umber (Humber); some think it a Roman name after Umbria 
on the Continent, owing to similar surroundings. 

Use, Ouse, ooze. The Ouseburn really joins the Yore (Ure) 
and now gives the name Ouse to the rest of the main 
central river of Yorkshire, but it seems very probable 
that the Yore furmerly maintained its name as far as 
York (Yore-wick.) 



296 ETYMOLOGY. 

uic, uuic, nine, ueg, vie, wic, wick, 'k, wick ; village. 

uid, with, uelt, uald, ualt, wold; a wood. 

Ufr, Upper, Our, Owr, Over, Up, Upes, Ul, ope, hope, Ops; 
upper, higher, ufa (high), ufer (higher), auf, hove, huff. 

Under, Th'under, lower, below. Usum, sum, sam,= house- 
ham, husholme. Um, un, omb, on, ome, an, some, ham, 
holme; abbreviations of ham generally; sometimes of 
holme. Um is Frisian for ham. 

Uth, South. 

Ut, Out, beyond. 

urd, uurd, worth; warded, protected. 

uch, uchel, heuch ; height, knoll. 

Ulm, Holrnp ; holme. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Udres, Huds, Oders ; see Hudders. 

Uffing, Ofing. Oven, ancient Norse clan. 

Uggle, Ugle, Ulge, Ug, Ughe, Uge. 

Ule, Ul, Ulen, 01, Ou, Oue. 

Ulfe, Oving, Ulfs, Ulves, Ouls, Ulve, Wool, Woolf; Ulpha or 

Ulph of York was son of Torold. 
Ulfar. Ulfr, Ulr, Ulvar, Ulvers, Wolfre, Ulre, Ulf (wolf), 

Wulfer. 
Ulchil, see Unchelf. 
Ulles, Ulsi, Ous, Ulsig, Hunsing ; the same name as Ulla or 

Ella. 
Umel. Humbl, Umloue, Umlov, Umlaf, Unlov, Anlaf, Anla, 

Amlaf. 
Unchelf, Uncle, Unchels, Ungles, Hunchiles, Uns, Huns. 
Ures, Eures, years. 
Utting, a Norse clan. 
Ups, Uppings ; old Norse families. 
Upsall, Upsala in Sweden is said to be on the Sal. The 

North Riding one, and Upsal near Spurn Point, (now 

washed away), were probably named from the old home in 

Sweden. It has been suggested that Ups was a person. 

Vade (Norse), vadum (Latin), Wade, Wath. 

Vela, Wheel. 

Velt, field, veldt. 

vid, vi, wid, with ; wood. 

vie, vine, wick ; village (Latin vicus, Anglian wick). 



ETYMOLOGY. 297 

Wick, wic, Wyke, Wike, vik, uic, ick, ic, 'k, (wich?), wine, 
wege, weghes, vine, nege, Wiche, Wich, Wig; (1) Koman 
vicus, a village ; Norse (2) a creek, corner or nook on 
the coast. (H) Viking, sea-rover. (4) wic, marsh. (5) 
wig, wiggin-tree ; rowan. (6) Gaelic in bailiwick. 

Wich, High German, Cheshire, Kent. 

Wik, Frisian. Oike, a house, from Greek. 

Worth, Frisian, Angliau, a place of worth, warded; corre- 
sponding with tun, possession, fenced; generally found on 
uplands, and sometimes confounded with wath, with. A 
variant of the name is wyrth, yrth, Old Earth, Ward, 
orde. forde, wet, wrde, uuorde uurd, ude, warth, Wart, 
watching place, beacon, toot-hill. There are about forty 
worths in the West Riding. 

Wath, Wade, vade, Wass, wax, wat, Wa, Wad; ford, wading 
place; water-waes, Anglian; vadum (Latin); rhyd (Welsh; 
vado, I go (Latin); waddle. 

Wass, Wax, Wads, Wash, Weisa ; Norse, a river, watery 
land, foss-dike. 

Witforn, Withern, Widforn, White-thorn. 

Well, uelle, ell, Weel, Vela, Wela, (to well,) oyl, kil, spring, 
goit, whirlpool, wheel to turn round : Anglian. Wheel, 
wheel-race to turn the corn-mill wheel. 

Wells have always been held in veneration. 

Weld, veldt, held, weald. The Weald of Kent is the plain 
between the Downs or Wolds. 

Wood, small forest, see Wold and With. Coed (British), 
Bosco (Latin), Bois (French), Wed (Danish), Shaw, Skov, 
Scog (Norse), Busk, Arbor, Coat, Cote, Coille, Grove, 
Toft, Silva, Lignum, and other forms such as plantation, 
copse, &c. Anglian Wad, wudu, wode, wother, woot, wot. 

Wold, wald, old, weald, wal, wait, ualt, wauld ; Norse and 
Anglian, high woody district, allied to holt, wood. Wood 
and wo)d are confused in Domesday Book with ford, with, 
and themselves occasionally. 

With, weth, wid, vid, vitb, Wide, Widi, Wee, Wet, wit, uelt, 
ade, wi: Norse. Interchanged with wic, wath, wood, wold 
in D.B. and later MSS. 

Willows, Sal, Sel, salix, Willy, Wilge, Welig, willow-toft, 
Wille, Wil, withies. 

Wir, Wirt, Wort, Wr, Wirk, ort ; herb ? 

Winny, Whin, Wins ; furzebush. 



298 ETYMOLOGY. 

Wang, vang ; swamp, swang, flat, field, toft, strip of land; 

whang, a thong or leathern band to encompass a tract 

temporarily ; see Whain. 
Wapon, Weapon, Wapentake; division of a riding; each had 

an out-door ting, place of meeting; where the freeholders 

and copyholders met the Sheriff or his officer to touch his 

weapon (spear) in token of fidelity. 
Wark, Were, work; edifice, stone erection. 
Wart, Ward, Weard, Wartre, Warter ; a watch hill, observ- 
ation site, beacon-hill where watch and ward were kept. 
Wate, Wheat. Whit, Wha. 
West, Westre, Wes ; west. 
Whel, Wei, Wheld, Quel, Col, Whel, Vela. 
Wenning, AVininc. 
Wat, Watn, Wand, lake. 
W T ent (Derwent), gwent, clear, open; Went-worth? Gwent, 

Gent, Gant is also given as windy. 
Wharf, Guerf ; rough, rapid. 
Willy, stream. 

Wiske, Wysk, uisge, whisky; isc, ex, esk ; water. 
Wis, Ouse, Wissing, Washburn, Wash; stream. 
Wye, Wy, ooi, Wi, way; water. Wycliffe, from this root, is 

an exceptional etymology : hybrids being questionable. 
Wor, stagnant water. 
Wild, Widun. 
Wit, Wid, Wv. 

Wis, Wbis, Wite, Wide, Whist, Widest. 
Wit, Wite, Whit, hvit, white. 
Wi, Wor, Worr. 
Winter, Wintre, W T itre; lands that could be grazed in winter; 

high lands were only summer lands. (2) also wintry, 

windy, exposed lands. 
Womb, Wanb, woma, weeping place; where one was flogged 

when beating the bounds to fix the memory ? 
Waghen, Wagen, Wawn, Wayen, Wagh, a Roman Road 

crossed the Hull ; cart road. 
Wain, Wains, wagon, Cbarles' W'ain ; cart road. 
Waun, Wyne, waen ; a meadow. 
Wake, Wache; watch and ward, two outposts being Law Hill 

and Sandal Castle Hill. (2) from personal name, Wache. 
Wal, Wall, Wale, Walle, Waulde, Wald ; stone fenced, 

vallum, foss, baila, dike, boundary, rampart. 



ETYMOLOGY. 299' 

Weigh, Wics, Wide, Wid, Wee, Way; (1) watery land, (2) 
sacred, selected, (8) waeg, way, wey, a main roadway, 
causeway. 

Wether, Wedre. Weather; (1) personal name, (2) wether sheep. 

Wig, Wihs; (1) war, (2) holy, (3) a wood. 

Wigstuns, way-stones, pillars to guide over the moors ; why, 
whey. 

Wool, Wolf, Wolver ; wild animal, see Ulfar, person. 

Wilber, wild boar ? see Wilber's. 

Winch, Wink, Tinkle; (1) Finch, (2) Fennel, or (3) nook. 

Whorl, Quarrel; Quarry; Whail, Warrel, Whor, Querel. 

Whin, Whin stone. 

Wrose, see Ross, Eoos. 

Walker, Wauker, Wacker ; fuller, Walk-mill, walker's earth, 
fuller's earth. The wool had to be walked or stamped 
upon before stocks were provided ; stocks— heavy wooden 
hammers. 

War, ware, cautious, enclosure, protected, look out. 

Wham, hvammer, grassy ; but this does not serve for Whit- 
wham, which might mean a wheat-field. It is also used 
in the sense of sheltered, and in Iceland indicated swampy 
valley, undrained hollow. 

Witton, Wittan, Witn ; assembly of wise men; Anglian 
parliament. 

Whern, quern, gwern; British, a swamp; preferable to quern 
the corn-mill. 

Wharrel, quarry. 

Wet, Weet, moist, swampy. 

Wer, ware, wear, were ; price set upon each man's life-value, 
to be paid to his family in case he was killed. 

ORIGINAL OWNERS. 

Wake, Wache, I have not met with one of this name in 
Norse lists. 

Wads, Wades, Wadding, Widi ; in Norse MSS. Wada was 
well known. 

Watlas, Watlings, Wassings, Washings ; family of lake 
dwellers, water clan. 

Walchin, Walking, Walche, Walles, Gwal, Fals, Vals, Wales, 
Walise, Walis, Wallis (name afterwards added to Burgh, to 
indicate the Burgh of the Wallis family), Welsh; descend- 
ants of Britons, strangers. Wallings, Walsings, Norse MSS^ 



-300 ETYMOLOGY. 

Walden, Walder, Waklers ; Waldin and Wall, owners 

mentioned in D.B. 
Wans, W amies, Wens, Wodens, Wenz ; Norseman named 

after the god Woden : hence Wednesday, Odin or Mercury, 

English Devils. 
Wapling, Wap, Wapl ; Wapulingas in Norse MSS. 
Warla, Warlaves, War, Wer, Werleges, Werels, Wergel, 

Wrel, Werel, Whar, War, Warr ; Waerings in Norse MSS. 
Warms, Wemes, Wermes, Orms, Warm, Warnes; Wermund 

is mentioned in Anglo Saxon history. 
Warvels, Wirvel, Whorl, Whirwel. 
Weaver, Wilfre, Wifre ; probably a weaver. 
Weder, Weather, Wether. The Weder folk mentioned in 

Beowulf. 
Went, Wintre, Wint, Wentres, Wers, Wendres, When, 

Quenne ; Wintring, Wentring, in Lincolnshire. 
Were, Wee, Wor, Wors, Werches, Wirks, Wirces, Weres, 

Wres, Wickers, Wicres, Wincres. 
Wics ; see Wiggles. 
Whix, Cnches, Couches, Cuse ; in other parts of England 

were Wickestan, Wixam ; Wiccings in Norse MSS. 
Whip, Wipe, Wipes, Wibs, Wibeds, Wibets, Wyoblds, 

Wibalds, Wibba, Wimbald. 
Whitting, Witinghe, Wite, Witing, Whit, Wight, Wihts, 

Jutes ; also Wittings in Norse MSS. 
Widding, Wide, Wid. 
Widlafes. Wifles, Wils, Wiles; see Wif, Willough, Wivles ; 

Wifel, an archer. 
Wif, Wins, Wive, Wine, Wifes, Wil, Wils, Wivles, Wives, 

Wilve, Wol, Wife. 
Wiggles, Wicles, Winchels, Winks, Wichings, W 7 ink, Winch, 

Winches ; Wiglaf, a.d. 782, was a Mercian king. 
Wigan, W ; ichongas, Wich'gas, Wiggin, Wichis, Wickans, 

Wickam, Wicgan. 
Wilgar, Wilier, Winger, Wilder. 
Wilbe, Wombl, Winbel. 
Wilem, Wilmers, Womers, Wlmeres. 
Willough, see W T idlaf. 

Wils, Willis, D.B. (?Wilber = Wil's bergh, see Wild boar.) 
Win, Wina; Winstedt in Denmark. 
Wisel, Wils. 
Wlfsin, Ous. 



ETYMOLOGY. 301 

Woden, see Wans. 

Wolfre, Ulfar, Ulvar, Wool, Woolf, Ulve ; Woll, an ancient 

Dane. Wolver, (Wulfere son of Penda), Wulfrun. 
Wress, Weres ; Wrast and Wrastlings were old Norse families. 
Wor, Wer, W T ors ; (? stagnant pool,) Weorthings in Norse 

MSS. 
Wrag. 

Xisten, Tbixen, Sixten, (six thanes' shares ; or 16 land strips 
in Common Field more likely.) 

Ya, Yaf, Yea, ea, ei, la, Ea; water. Yeadon dam was 
formerly a larger natural lake. Elland (Ealand) is on 
both banks of the Calder. 

Yar, Iar, Yar-m, Yarn, Gern, Gar, Gers ; stream. 

Yore. Ure, Eure, Yor'k, ure-wick, river. 

Yap, lap. 

Yate, Yat, gate. 

Years, Eures, Ures ; see Yore. 

Yeding, Geding, y and g are frequently interchangeable, as 
yard and guard, yate and gate. 

Yoke, Iugu, Iucu; jugu a yoke ; a junction, anchorage. 

Yoken-thwaite, oaks, yacks, eyks. 

Youl, Ioie, Ami, Luc; evidently the same origin as Yiel, Y r el, 
Yevel, Ivel, Givel, II, Isil, yeave, gheve ; a river. 

Ym, am, ham, (homestead). 

York, Ca?r Efroc (British), Eboracum (Eoman), Efrocwyc, 
Everwyc, Eoferwic, Enerwic, Euorwic, Yuorwic, Yorewick, 
Y T orick. There can be no doubt that the name has no 
connection with efrog, a wild boar, but that the Ouse from 
York upwards to the Ure junction was known as the Ure, 
though the small stream the Ouseburn has gained the 
mastery. Evreux on the Eure (Normandy) confirms this 
etymology. 

Yorvaux, Jerveaux, Eure, Yore. 




Woi*RS By J. HORSFAbb TURNER, 

IDEL, BRADFORD. 
-i- 

d-6) YORKSHIRE Notes and Queries; 

YORKSHIRE Folk-Lore Journal; 
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(1M2) ILKLEY: Ancient and Modern; 

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(17-20) The Rev, OLIVER HEYWOOD, B.A. 

(1630-1702.) 
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(2D NONCONFORMIST REGISTER, 

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'j 



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(28) MORLEY and TOPCLIFFE 
NONCONFORMIST REGISTERS, 

(1654-1888,) 
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(29) BIOGRAPHIA HALIFAXIENSIS: 

Halifax Families & Worthies. 

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! 33 )AUTOBIOGRAPHY of Capt. J NO. HODGSON, 

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(4b) 



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(46) THORPE SALVIN PARISH REGISTER, 

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[47] 
[48] 
[49] 
[50] 



1DEL in OLDEN TIMES; a Lecture. 6d. 

A DAY AT SKIPTON, 36 illustrations, 6d. 

A DAY AT HAWORTH, 14 illustrations, 3d. 

A DAY AT B1NGLEY, 14 illustrations, 3d. 



Works by J. HORSFALL TURNER— (continued). 

[5i] A DAY AT BOLTON PRIORY, 13 „ 3d. 

[52] A DAY IN N1DDERDALE, 7 illustrations, 3d. 

[53] A DAY AT ILKLEY, 50 illustrations, 3d. 

[54, &c] Out of print : — Lord F. Cavendish, a Memoir. The Constable 
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WANDERINGS IN CARDIGANSHIRE: 

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A MUNICIPAL HISTORY OF 
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LOCAL TAXATION IN SCOTLAND, 

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