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Full text of "Yosemite national park, California .."



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OSEMITE 

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UNITED STATES RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION 





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Glacier Point. Yosemite Valley. The Half Dome in background 



Page two 




An Appreciation of 

Yosemite NationalPark 

By HARRIET MONROE. Editor of "Poetry, a Magazine of Verse" 

W'rilltm Especially for ihe United Stales Railroad Administration 

WICE — and each time through an entire July — I have 
tramped with the CaHfornia Sierra Club through the 
grandest areas of the Yosemite National Park. I have 
camped in the Valley, in Tuolumne Meadows, and in the 
lost Hetch-Hetchy — sleeping to the sound of rushing waters 
with mountains towering around me. I have crossed Vogelsang Pass 
when the mountain hemlocks were just slipping off their wet mantles of 
snow; I have descended the formidable Tuolumne Canyon past the third 
fall; and under Mount Dana I have looked down over the red rocks of 
Bloody Canyon to Lake Mono, lying incredibly blue among the pink 
and lilac craters of dead volcanoes. 

My memories of this prismatically shattered earth are sharp in details 
of beauty, but all of them rise against white granite and falling waters. 
Never anywhere else can there be mountains so silver-white — El Capitan 
shouldering the sky, Cloud's Rest and the two great Domes giving back 
the sun, and Ritter, Lyell and Dana, fierce and jagged, guarding their 
inscrutable heights. And through the crevices of this gleaming granite 
run everywhere crystal streams — streams mad with joy that foam as 
they fly, and shout as they take enormous leaps over stark precipices. 
All kinds of falling waters — the delicate cascades of Illilouette; the 
wind-blown tulle of Bridal Veil; Nevada, lacy, white-fingered, taking 
her 600-foot leap like a step in a dance; Vernal, broad-shouldered, 
strong-bodied, massive, as he jumps like an athlete; and, most wonder- 
ful of all, Yosemite, that Upper Yosemite Fall whose leap is 1 ,500 feet — 
a tall white living figure against the formidable cliff, a figure moving 
and breathing, tossing the spray from his eyes, shining tall and straight 
there like a young Greek god. 

Everywhere waters falling over and under and into white granite, 
falling in ribbons and rivers and cataracts, ringing golden bells, booming 
great guns, spraying the little flowers and the giant sequoias as they 
pass. Everywhere splendor — a world gorgeous, exultant, full of color 
and motion, existing for itself, for its own joy, and taking man on suffer- 
ance, as it were, if he will accept its terms and be free of soul. 



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Page t h r e I 



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To the American People: 

Uncle Sam asks you to be his guest. He has prepared for you the 
choice places of this continent — places of grandeur, beauty and of 
wonder. He has built roads through the deep-cut canyons and beside 
happy streams, which will carry you into these places in comfort, and 
has provided lodgings and food in the most distant and inaccessible 
places that you might enjoy yourself and realize as little as possible 
the rigors of the pioneer traveler's life. These are for you. They are 
the playgrounds of the people. To see them is to make more hearty 
your affection and admiration for America. ^ / 




Secretary of the Interior 



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Yosemite National Park 





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N the rock-ribbed heights of 
the Sierra Nevada in Cali- 
fornia lies the Yosemite 
National Park, 4,0 
to 9,000 feet above sea level 
and covering an area of 719,622 acres. 
It embraces so much in Nature that is 
majestic and sublime, one feels that in 
the "great order of things" this realm 
of enchantment was created solely for 
the purpose to which it is today de- 
voted — the recreation and enjoyment of 
mankind. 

Among our National Parks, Yosemite 
is especially favored in having, close to 
its two entrances, features that are 
singularly attractive. One is the Yos- 
emite Valley, just within the Parks' 
southwestern boundary; the other, the 
Mariposa Big Tree Grove, directly with- 
in the southern boundary of the Park. 
In either case Yosemite greets the visi- 
tor with a lavish display of its natural 
gifts. 

Yosemite Valley is only a mile wide 
by seven miles long, its portal a scant 
half-mile wide, but never was the vesti- 
bule to a palace decked in fashion more 
alluring. The revelation of its beauties 
comes so suddenly, so many unexpected 
sights are disclosed in so limited an en- 
closure, that visitors are amazed and 
well may wonder if anything more en- 
trancing can lie beyond. And so with 
the Mariposa Grove. From forests of 



stately pines one suddenly enters among 
trees of an immensity bewildering — 
trees that in height, girth and diameter 
exceed anything hitherto dreamed of. 

And should the visitor go no farther 
than either of these entrances to the 
Park, he will be repaid a hundred-fold; 
but beyond the narrow cliff-rimmed 
confines of this valley of witchery, and 
through the openings of this magic 
grove, there stretches an immense region 
that includes, in John Muir's words: 

"The headwaters of the Tuolumne 
and Merced rivers, two of the most 
songful streams in the world; innumer- 
able lakes and waterfalls and smooth 
silky lawns; the noblest forests, the 
loftiest granite domes, the deepest ice- 
sculptured canyons, the brightest crys- 
talline pavements, and snowy moun- 
tains soaring into the sky twelve and 
thirteen thousand feet, arrayed in open 
ranks and spiry pinnacled groups par- 
tially separated by tremendous canyons 
and amphitheaters; gardens on their 
sunny brows, avalanches thundering 
down their long white slopes, cataracts 
roaring gray and foaming in the crooked, 
rugged gorges, and glaciers, in their 
shadowy recesses, working in silence, 
slowly completing their sculptures; new- 
born lakes at their feet, blue and green, 
free or encumbered with drifting ice- 
bergs like miniature Arctic Oceans — 
shining, sparkling, calm as stars." 



Page f o u 




Happy Isles in the Merced River 



The Yosemite Valley 

The Yosemite Valley was discovered 
to the world in 1851 by Captain John 
Boling, while pursuing hostile Indians 
with a detachment of mounted volun- 
teers. 

The Indians called it the Heart of 
the Sky Mountain, or Ahwanee, "the 
deep grass valley. " Later the name 
Yo Semite was given to the valley, its 
meaning being the "great grizzly bear," 
and subsequently, when the National 
Park was established, this famous name 
was retained. 

In spectacular waterfalls and sheer 
cliffs Yosemite Valley is supreme. No- 
where else have high mountain streams 
found such varied and beautiful courses 
to fling their waters over such lofty 
cliffs and unite in a valley river. In 
spring, from beneath the great snow- 
mantle of the High Sierra, pour the ice 
waters into the cups of the Yosemite; 
and all summer, though in lessening 
volume, these great reservoirs — moun- 
tain lakes of crystal — continue to feed 
the streams of the Park. 

All of the towering rock-masses of 
Yosemite are remarkable. There are 
peaks grouped strangely and peaks no 
less strangely isolated. There are needle- 
pointed pinnacles and smooth domes 
whose tops are perfect hemispheres. 



Wild Flowers, Shrubs and Ferns 

The floor of the valley is level meadow- 
land, its grass shining like green satin, 
and through it winds the Merced River. 
Over the stream bend alder, willow, 
flowering dogwood, balm-of-Gilead, and 
other water-loving trees, and inter- 
spersed with the emerald verdure of the 
glades are groves of pine and groups of 
stately black oak. Many and bright 
are the wild flowers of Yoaemite^j'^and 
with the shrubs will be counted the'red- 
branched manzanita, the chinquapin, 
the beautiful California lilac, violets, 
wild roses, the mariposa lily, goldcup 
oak, the brilliant snow plant and their 
kind. In cool recesses of the forest, by 
river banks and in rock-seams, grow 
numerous beautiful species of ferns. 

Thus near the river it is pastoral and 
peaceful; and yet only a few rods away, 
at the foot of a tumultuous cataract, 
you may hear the noise ol rushing waters 
hurled from the brink of precipitous 
cliffs. 

The First Sight of Yosemite 
Its Striking Features 

The first view of Yosemite Valley, a 
great gash in the heart of the mountains, 
is a sight to inspire reverence. From 
the deep shadows of the pines, a silence- 
compelling vista bursts upon the eye. 



Page five 




El Capitan — Yosemite's Grandest Cliff 



Page six 




The Three Brothers 



Mighty rock sentinels guard the en- 
trance and beyond them towering cHfFs 
and verdant valley swim in a glorious 
light 

On the south wall shimmers the Bridal 
Veil Falls. The water slips over the 
great granite wall, white and ethereal. 
It seems to drop its tenuous mist into 
the very tree tops. The highest Euro- 
pean fall is that of the Staubbach in 
Switzerland, but even Bridal Veil — not 
half the height of Yosemite Falls — is 
higher, leaps out of a smoother channel, 
has greater volume of water and is seen 
in the midst of loftier precipices. The 
stream is full thirty feet wide, and falls 
first a distance of 620 feet, then pauses 
an instant and drops a perpendicular 
distance of 320 feet. But from the chief 
points of view it seems to make only 
one plunge and the effect is that of an 
unbroken descent of over nine hundred 
feet. Often the wind swings the great 
column of water from the face of the 
cliff and waves it like a scarf or veil. 
At sunset, rainbows with an indescrib- 
able radiance bejewel its foam. 

Around the shoulder behind which 
Bridal Veil Creek makes its way to the 
brink, tower the Cathedral Rocks. They 
get their name from a resemblance to 
the Duomo at Florence, and rise 2,591 
feet above the valley floor. Just be- 



yond them are seen the Cathedral Spires, 
one solitary shaft of granite uplifting 
for more than seven hundred feet. 

Across the narrow valley, and nearly 
opposite, is El Capitan — a rock more 
than twice as great as Gibraltar. It 
rises 3,604 feet, with an apparently ver- 
tical front. Thrust out like a buttress, 
it presents to the vision an area of more 
than four hundred acres of naked gran- 
ite. Sublime and steadfast it stands, a 
veritable "Rock of Ages." The bulk of 
El Capitan is so stupendous that it 
can be seen from a vantage ground 
sixty miles distant. 

Eagle Peak, in the Three Brothers 
group, lies a little beyond El Capitan. 
Its height is 3,813 feet. Sentinel Rock 
faces the Three Brothers from the south 
wall, a splintered granite spire, very 
slender, and nearly perpendicular for 
about 1,500 feet below its apex, its total 
height being 3,059 feet. Back of this 
natural and majestic monument stands 
Sentinel Dome, its storm-worn top 4, 1 57 
feet above the valley. 

Almost at the base of Sentinel Rock 
is Yosemite Village, the tourist center of 
the Valley, where the Sentinel Hotel, 
the post-office, a few shops and studios 
are grouped, directly opposite Yosemite 
Falls. Across the river to the west is 
Yosemite Camp. Camp Curry is a mile 



Page seven 




In the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoia* 



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Several good motor roads lead into the Valley 



east of the village, on the road to the 
Happy Isles and at the base of Glacier 
Point. Details of resorts and accom- 
modations in the Park will be found on 
later pages. 

The greatest cataract in all the Sierra 
is Yosemite Falls. This vast volume of 
foaming water plunges 2,350 feet — 
nearly half a mile. In reality it is not 
one fall, but three. The first is 1 ,430 
feet straight down. Then comes a 
series of cascades 600 feet, and a final 
leap of 320 feet. The stream is about 
thirty-five feet wide and when its waters 
are at flood the reverberations can be 
heard all over the valley. This wide- 
flung fall of wind-tossed water is Yose- 
mite's sublimest feature. 

Across the valley the massive shoulder 
of Glacier Point is thrust out from the 
south wall, and, almost opposite, on the 
north, stands Yosemite Point, flanked 
on the east by Indian Canyon, once used 
by the Indians as exit or entrance for 
Yosemite. 

The Royal Arches are near the head 
of the valley, in the vast vertical wall 
whose summit is North Dome. The 
arches are recessed curves in the granite 
front, very impressive because of their 
size, and made by ice-action. Much of 
the rock is formed in layers like the 
structure of an onion, the arches being 
the broken edges of these layers. Wash- 



ington Column is the angle of the cliff at 
this point — a tower completing the mas- 
sive wall at the very bead of Yosemite. 

Over against it, but looking down the 
valley, stands the highest rock of all the 
region — the great South Dome, or Half 
Dome, as it is most often called. It is 
8,852 feet above sea level, or 4,892 feet 
above the floor. Its massive front is 
fractured vertically for about two thou- 
sand feet, and the face turned outward is 
polished by wind and storm — a moun- 
tain apparently cleft in the center as by 
some mighty giant's scimitar. The side 
of the Half Dome toward the southwest 
has the curve of a great helmet, so 
smooth and precipitous as almost to 
defy the climber. On its overhanging 
rock, however, the most venturesome 
have stood. From hotels and camps. 
Half Dome is often seen raising its head 
above the clouds. 

To the northeast from here opens 
Tenaya Canyon. Mirror Lake, an ex- 
pansion of Tenaya Creek and lying be- 
tween the North and Half Dome, is at 
the entrance. When the sun creeps 
over the great flank of the Half Dome, 
the whole landscape is wonderfully re- 
produced in this miraculous mirror, the 
reflection of the sunrise being an unusual 
feature. But sunrise over these colossal 
cliffs is much later than the sunrise at 
lower levels. 



Page nine 




View from Panorama Point along the Trail to Glacier Point, Showing the Half Dome, Liberty Cap, 
Vernal Falls and Clouds Rest 



Page ten 




The Fallen Monarch in tlie Mariposa Grove of Big Trees 



The Mariposa Big Tree Grove 

Just within the southern boundary of 
the Park, and reached from the Sentinel 
Hotel and camps in the valley by a de- 
lightful thirty-five mile auto drive 
through timbered slopes and canyons, 
and also direct from Merced by auto over 
the Wawona Road, lies the Mariposa 
Big Tree Grove. Here stand over six 
hundred fine specimens of the Sequoia 
Washmgtoniana, the famous Big Trees 
which today grow only in the Sierra of 
California. These are the oldest living 
things. On some matured specimens, 
fallen or partly burned — thus exposing 
their annual wood rings — John Muir 
counted upward of 4,000 years of 
growth. The Mariposa Grove is the 
greatest grove of these giant trees out- 
side of the Sequoia National Park, and 
contains the third largest tree in the 
world, and also the world's tallest tree. 
This is the Mark Twain, 331 feet in 
height — with near-by neighbors not many 
feet lower. Its largest tree is the Griz- 
zly Giant. 93 feet in girth at its base. 
29.6 feet in diameter, and 204 feet in 
height. The first branch, 125 feet from 
the ground, is six feet in diameter — a 
tree itself. Twenty-two people can 
barely encompass its girth, touching 
finger tips. Eighteen horses, head to 
tail, just circle its base. This sequoia 



was considered by John Muir a mature 
tree, probably verging on old age; and 
there it stands today surrounded by its 
fellows of varying ages, many as old as 
itself — trees that were in their prime 
before the dawn of Christianity, and are 
still ripening their cones and regularly 
shedding their tiny seeds year after year. 
The Lafayette and Washington trees 
are only three or four inches less in 
diameter than the Grizzly Giant; the 
Columbia tree is 294 feet in height, the 
Nevada is 278, while the Forest Queen — 
the shortest of 27 other notable named 
trees — is 219 feet in height, 17 feet in 
diameter, and 53 feet in girth, at base. 
The Wawona, which is 227 feet in height, 
has for years had an archway in its 
trunk, through which the auto road 
passes; its vitality is unimpaired in spite 
of this 26-foot passage cut into its heart. 
The Fallen Giant, which has been lying 
in the grove for centuries, its firm wood 
still sound, forms a roadway upon which 
a six-horse coach, loaded with passengers, 
has many times been driven. These 
facts may give some idea of the immen- 
sity of these trees. Their true appreci- 
ation is difficult; but if the Grizzly Giant 
was sawed into inch boards, the tree 
would box the greatest steamship ever 
built, with enough boards left over to 
box a flock of submarines. The beauty 



Page eleven 




Good trails and pleasant horseback parties add to Yosemite's delights 



and symmetry of these giant conifers is no 
less striking than their size; their bark 
is soft and jfibrous, and deeply fluted, 
its bright cinnamon and purple giving 
a rich coloring to their stately columns. 
Just beyond the southwest corner of 
the Park, six miles from the Mariposa 
Grove, is the comfortable Hotel Wawona, 
providing good service. The auto trip 
from the Valley to the Mariposa Grove 
and return takes a full day. Within the 
park boundaries are also two smaller 
sequoia groves, the Merced Grove, six 
miles north, and the Tuolumne Grove, 
fifteen miles north from El Portal, by 
auto road. 

The Trails to Glacier Point and Other 
Vantage Points 

From the Sentinel Hotel the road leads to 
Happy Isles, where the Merced races in joyous 
frolic. From here starts the "long trail" — twelve 
miles to Glacier Point. It winds along the 
bottom of a wild canyon hemmed in by titanic 
walls. Panorama Point, 4,000 feet above the 
river on the south side, is almost perpendicular, 
and the highest continuous wall of Yosemite. 
Its face is traced by miniature streams of trick- 
ling water and painted by purple lichen, and per- 
haps nowhere else do you feel so deeply the 
geological impressiveness of the region. From 
a bridge over the river, half a mile farther, you 
catch a glimpse of Vernal Falls, gloriously re- 
splendent in the dark canyon. The river is 
nearly eighty feet wide and falls 317 feet from 
granite ledge to fern-hung glen. The sparkling 
waters drop like an endless stream of shooting 
stars. The spray is driven outward like smoke, 



and every sprig of plant and grass, moss and 
fern, is kept vividly green by this incessant bap- 
tism. The trail leads to the top of the Fall. 

A little beyond — within a mile — is Nevada 
Falls, where the same stream plunges over a 
precipice 594 feet high, the great snowy torrent 
glancing from sloping rock about midway in a 
compound curve, over cliffs of polished granite. 
Under the bald dome of lofty Liberty Cap, with 
Mount Broderick at its back and the Half Dome 
near by, Nevada Falls plunges into its abyss, the 
whole volume of the crystal Merced shattered 
into a shower of shining jewels, while below — 
where the river gathers its forces — banners of 
rainbow-tinted spray fly wide upon the wind. 
The horse trail leads up the timbered sides 
of the gorge to the top of Vernal Falls, where 
is a natural parapet of granite from which to 
watch the river falling in a green and azure 
mantle over the square-cut edge. The trail 
thence mounts to the top of Nevada Falls where 
another guarded vantage point, directly on the 
brink, shows the swiftly gliding stream curving 
and breaking in foam in its descent. Where 
else can two such waterfalls be so closely fol- 
lowed from river-bed to rim, with their spray 
moistening the air around you? A few yards 
beyond the edge of Nevada Falls, the river is 
crossed by a low bridge, built on granite out- 
croppings. From here the trail turns west along 
the southern side of the canyon, passing over 
the ridge of Panorama Point, and beneath stately 
pines enters the picture-gorge of lllilouette Creek, 
its falls splashing 370 feet in festoons of silver 
spray. Descending to the stream, another 
bridge is crossed and the trail turns sharply 
north, zig-zagging up the heavily timbered 
southern side of Glacier Point to its summit. 
The marvelous view at every turn grows wider 
in its scope. The new and attractive Glacier 
Point Hotel stands in a grove of pine that covers 
the mountain top. 



Page twelve 



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Liberty Cap and Nevada Falls 



The View from Glacier Point 

Glacier Point is the most accessible and per- 
haps the greatest vantage point in Yosemite. 
Within a hundred yards of the hotel are the 
projecting rocks which mark the Point. It is 
3,234 feet from their tops to the valley floor. A 
pebble dropped will touch nothing until it strikes 
the talus. 3,000 feet below. The largest buildings 
are dwarfed to cottages, camps are white sp)ecks. 
lofty pines are mere shrubs, men and horses seem 
dots on the valley floor. The view is sublime. 
Sharp brinks and precipices plunge into the val- 
ley on one side; into the gorge of the lUilouette 
on the other. Looking down the valley to the 
left. Eagle Peak juts above the rim, and Yose- 
mite Falls gleams in full light; opposite are the 
Royal Arches and the North Dome, and beyond 
them the Basket Dome; Mirror Lake is a splash 
of brightness at the entrance to the Tenaya Can- 
yon, which can be traced to the northeast 
through its steep walls. The great face of the 
Half Dome, with the curve of its splendid helmet 
in unbroken view, towers above; beyond, against 
the sky, rises the bare granite of Cloud's Rest. 
To the right is seen majestic Liberty Cap, while 
in the distance rears the white peak of the 
Obelisk, with the snowy range of Mounts Starr 
King, Lyell, Clark and Dana, 13,000 feet above 
the sea, seeming to swim in the Eizure. Below 
you. Vernal and Nevada Falls sparkle in their 
gorge of green. 

The view beyond the valley to the north 
embraces snow-capped Hoffman Peak, Tuolumne 
Peak and Colby Mountain and reaches beyond 
the Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne and the 
Hetch-Hetchy Valley — a remarkable region of the 
Park recently opened by roads and trails, and 
later described. 

Sentinel Dome, a mile and a half south, rises 
over Glacier Point a thousand feet, and can be 
climbed without difficulty. From its summit 



the San Joaquin Valley and the Coast Range, 
nearly a hundred miles distant, are distinctly 
seen. The Pohono trail from Glacier Point leads 
to The Fissures, on the rim, clefts in the rock 
that reach down hundreds of feet, one being only 
four feet across. 

From Glacier Point return can be made by 
the short trail, four and a half miles to the valley 
floor. It is a steep and continuous zig-zag. At 
Union Point, 2,350 feet above the valley, stop 
is made for a rest. Just below stands Agassiz 
Column, like a balanced rock, a shaft of granite 
eighty-five feet in height. Its corroded base 
seems too frail to support its great bulk. 

In addition to the two trails described. Glacier 
Point is reached by auto-stages over the Wawona 
Road to Chinquapin, there turning east and run- 
ning fourteen miles to the Glacier Point Hotel. 

There is also a newly constructed foot trail 
leading from the valley at the base of Glacier 
Point, on a natural ledge diagonally across the 
face of the cliff to the top. While this trail is 
steep, it is well built and safe and is less than 
two miles in length. 

Trail Trips to Top of Yosemite Falls, 
Eagle Peak and El Capitan 

Among other horse and foot trails from the 
valley are those to the rim at Yosemite Point, 
above Yosemite Falls. One can climb 500 feet 
below to the very lip of the falls and look down 
into the peaceful valley across the plunging 
waters that shatter the air with their roar. Far- 
ther along, the trail reaches Eagle Peak, 3,81 3 feet 
above the floor, where a splendid view is had; 
and the trip can be continued to the crest of 
El Capitan. 

Artist's Point and Inspiration Point — along 
the Wawona auto road to the Mariposa Big 
Tree Grove — are among the outlooks affording 
vistas that are never forgotten. 



Page thirteen 




Nevada Falls 



Page fourteen 




Polly Dome on the Tioga Road — Its polished sides glint in the sun 



The Tioga Road and Tenaya Lake Region 

The completion of the Tioga Road crossing 
the Park from east to west, and connecting 
with roads from Yosemite Valley, offers to Park 
visitors a new auto drive through a mountain- 
top paradise. Crossing the South Fork of the 
Tuolumne close to the western border, the 
Tioga Road runs east near the Tuolumne Grove of 
Big Trees, and continues toward Harden Lake, 
whence it turns south and skirts Mount 
Hoffman, 10,921 feet, passing along the shore of 
Tenaya Lake and winding upward amidst moun- 
tain heights of striking formation. At Tenaya 
Lake Lodge there is good accommodation and 
service. Tuolumne Peak rises to the north, 
Cathedral Peak to the south, and beyond, 
through a wilderness of timbered granite slopes, 
the road mounts to the Sierra's rim at Tioga 
Pass, 9,941 feet, with Dana Mountain. 13,050 
feet above sea level, towering 3,000 feet higher 
than the road. The view to the east looks 
down the precipitous wall of the Sierra into 
Owens Valley, lying like an emerald 5,741 feet 
below, while northward gleams Mono Lake in 
turquoise blue. 

Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne 

Directly north of the Tioga Road and fifteen 
miles from the rim of Yosemite Valley, lies the 
Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne, another of 
Yosemite's marvels. This great spectacle, with 
the Hetch-Hetchy Valley joining it on the west, 
and the miles of lake-dotted, stream-woven 
slopes of the gorged Sierra still farther north, 
are now ojien to the tourist by the improvement 
of horse trails connecting with those leading 
from the valley by way of Tenaya Lake, through 
Soda Springs and other points on the Tioga 
Road. It is a section hitherto little known 
and seldom explored by any but the con- 
firmed mountain-lovers of the Pacific Coast, 



the Sierra Club having camped throughout this 
wide domain during fifteen years of summer out- 
ings. Another trail leaves the Tioga Road at 
the Yosemite Creek bridge and covers eight 
remarkable scenic miles to the Ten Lakes Basin, 
on the south rim of the Tuolumne Canyon. 

This region, and that leading to the crest of 
the range along the eastern boundaries of the 
Park, is the realm of the camper in the forest, 
whose outing may last two weeks or a month 
or more. Saddle horses and pack animals follow 
winding trails by icy streams that have their 
birth in everlasting snows and flow westward 
through a sea of peaks, resting by the way in 
snow-bordered lakes, romping through luxuriant 
glades, rushing over rocky heights and swinging 
in and out of the shadows of mighty mountains. 
It is a summerland of sunshine where it seldom 
rains. 

"It is the heart of High Sierra," writes John 
Muir, "8.500 to 9,000 feet above the level of 
the sea. The gray, picturesque Cathedral Range 
bounds it on the south; a similar range or spur, 
the highest peak of which is Mount Conness, on 
the north; the noble Mount Dana. Gibbs, Mam- 
moth, Lyell, McClure, and others on the axis of 
the range, on the east; a heaving, billowy crowd 
of glacier-polished rocks and Mount Hoffman on 
the west. Down through the ojjen, sunny 
meadow levels of the valley flows the Tuolumne 
River, fresh and cool from its many glacial foun- 
tains, the highest of which are the glaciers that 
lie on the north sides of Mount Lyell and Mount 
McClure." 

Of the Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne, Muir 
wrote: "It is the cascades or sloping falls on the 
main river that are the crowning glory of the 
canyon, and these, in volume, extent, and var- 
iety, surpass those of any other canyon in the 
Sierra. The most showy and interesting of them 
are mostly in the upper part of the canyon above 



Page fifteen 




Yosemite Valley from Inspiration Point. Bridal Veil Fall» on right. Tenai 



P a ie sixteen 




ice on the Tioga Road. Mirror Lake, showing reflection of the Half Dome. 



P a 4 e seventeen 




Stanton 



_ / ' Regulation Peak 

*- A N / / 10500 ft -' 



I / Stanton ^ ^ ^* 

» 'l1657ft. f Vs ^X~*^' 

* y' f \ 

I* / I V Saddlebag 

. .,».</ ,\;onness Mt/ m 

">^\ * '2556ft/Jfe ^ TO 



^^uo's?" 



/ '%!^ 

I Dana Mt.l 
l»13050 ft.> 

f 

&>'''/'^'"°'-"" ';o?>^ .'c'athedra-lPeeV-^\^ \\{ 



sjo <^ QLACir.R POINT _^ ^ '<^ '^S^^dshburn Lake 

^V^'^ % .HOTEL ,•' '5^^^'^;;„,:.^v_^ 




/"Triple Divide Peak 

' 1 161 3 It. 



YOSEMITE 
NATIONAL PARK 

CALIFORNIA 

Scale 



.Boundary 
. Automobile Roads 
Trails 

\\ \ \\\ \ \ \\\ \ \ Railroads 



Coovrbtit hy Rand Morally & Co. 



Page eighteen 




Tioga Lake in Glacier Canyon, on the Tioga Road 



the point of entrance of Cathedral Creek and 
Hoffman Creek. For miles the river is one 
wild, exulting, on-rushing mass of snowy purple 
bloom, spreading over glacial waves of granite 
Without £ny definite channel, gliding in mag- 
nificent silver plumes, dashing and foaming 
through huge bowlder dams, leaping high in the 
air in wheel-like whirls, displaying glorious en- 
thusiasm, tossing from side to side, doubling, 
glinting, singing in exuberance of mountain 
energy." 

The Waterwheel Falls 

Muir's "wheel-like whirls" are the soon-to-be- 
celebrated Waterwheel Falls. Rushing down 
the canyon's slanting granites under great head- 
way, the river encounters shelves of rock pro- 
jecting from its bottom. From these are thrown 
up enormous arcs of solid water high in the air. 
Some of the waterwheels rise fifty feet and span 
eighty feet in the air. 

The sight is extraordinary in character and 
quite unequaled in beauty. Nevertheless, be- 
fore the trail was built, so difficult was the going 
that probably only a few hundred p>ersons all 
told had ever seen the waterwheels. 

The Mountain Climax of Yosemite Park 

The mountciin mass, of which Mount Lyell 
is the chief, lies on the southeast boundary of 
the Park. It is reached by trail from Tuolumne 
Meadows on the north, or from Yosemite Valley 
on the south, by the trail passing Vernal and 
Nevada Falls. 

From the Tuolumne Meadows the trail swings 
around Johnson Peak along the Lyell Fork, and 
turns southward up its valley. Rafferty Peak 



and Parsons Peak rear gray heads on the right, 
and huge Kuna Crest borders on the left side of 
the trail for miles. At the head of the valley, 
beyond several immense granite shelves, rears 
the mighty group with Mount Lyell. 13.090 
feet, in the center, supported on the north by 
McClure Mountain and on the south by Rodgers 
Peak. 

The way up is through a vast basin of tumbled 
granite, encircled by a rampart of nine sharp, 
glistening peaks and hundreds of sp>earlike points, 
the whole cloaked in enormous sweeping shrouds 
of snow. Presently the granite spurs inclose 
you. And beyond these looms a mighty wall 
which apparently forbids further approach to 
the mountain's shrine. But another half hour 
brings your climbing horse face to face with 
Lyell's rugged top and shining glaciers, one of 
the noblest places in America. 

Merced and Washburn Lakes 

The waters from the western slop>es of Lyell 
and McClure find their way, through many 
streams and many lakelets of splendid beauty_ 
into two lakes which are the headwaters ol 
Merced River. The upper of these is Washburn 
Lake, cradled in bare heights and celebrated for 
its fishing. This is the formal source of the 
Merced. Several miles below, the river rests 
again in Merced Lake. 

There is a mountain lodge with good accom- 
modations and service at Merced Lake, and a 
fine trail leads to the Yosemite Valley through 
glacier-polished slopes. 

Fishing in these waters is unusually good. 



P a i e nineteen 




Vernal FalU. Its chorua of liquid voices is heard for miles. 



P a li e twenty 




Motor road tunneling one of the giant Sequoias 



Wild Animals and Fishing 

The Park is a sanctuary for wild game of 
every sort, firearms not being permitted. There 
is an abundance of deer, bear and smaller fur 
animals. The predatory mountain lion or 
cougar, lynx, timber wolf, fox and coyote, are 
being exterminated as rapidly as possible by 
the rangers. Fishing is permitted in all waters 
within the Park during the open season, under 
the State laws regarding size of fish and limit. 
A State fishing license is necessary and can be 
obtained in Yosemite village. On many of the 
lakes there are boats which can be rented. 

The Park Season 

While Yosemite National Park is op>en all the 
year, and the Sentinel Hotel, in the valley, is 
always open for tourists, the Mariposa Grove 
and the higher elevations are inaccessible except 
during the summer season, extending from May 
1st to November 1st. In the spring months 
the waterfalls are seen at their best, though even 
late in August, when the waters have lowered, 
their mist-like filmy beauty is incomparable. In 
September and October Yosemite is delightful. 
These are the "months of reflection," when the 
exquisite autumnal colorings, and the light and 
air of Indian summer, lend their charm to the 
glories mirrored in mountain lakes. 

Approaches to the Park 
The EI Portal Entrance — The approach 
from Merced by rail to El Portal, the western 
gateway to Yosemite Park, follows for over 
seventy miles the picturesque canyon of the 
Merced River — once famous for its gold-bearing 
gravels, now for its speckled trout. Winding 
through the foothills, the scenery each mile in- 
dicates, by the increasing ruggedness of the rock 
formations, a nearing to the great Sierra Range. 
The pines take on a greater height, their stately 
outlines appearing against a mountain back- 
ground ever becoming loftier. Auto-stages 



daily meet incoming trains at El Portal and from 
there start on the fifteen-mile drive into the 
heart of the valley, the road closely skirting, 
beneath shady forests, the curves and reaches of 
the turbulent, musical stream. Passing under 
a rocky archway, a narrow portal towers ahead, 
pinnacles and precipices crowding on either 
side — a fitting introduction to the wild beauties 
beyond. Arriving at Yosemite village, stop is 
made at the Sentinel Hotel. Yosemite Camp and 
Camp Curry. 

The Wawona Entrance — At Merced, auto- 
stages meet incoming trains and daily, during 
the summer season, leave for the Park over the 
Wawona Road. From the San Joaquin Valley 
the road climbs upwards into the romantic foot- 
hill country that in Forty-Nine was crowded 
with gold-seekers. The scenic drive continues to 
Miami Lodge, on the margin of the forest over- 
looking the valley of Miami Creek. Here lunch 
is had, the road beyond Miami leading through 
forests that grow denser, and amid scenery in- 
creasing in grandeur. Following a short detour 
to the south, the road turns into the Mariposa 
Grove of Big Trees — the southern gateway to the 
Park. After a stop amidst the giant trees, the 
trip is continued to the Wawona Hotel, seventy- 
four miles from Merced. Each morning the auto- 
stage starts from Wawona on the thirty-five-mile 
drive through densely forested canyons to the 
hotel and camps in the Yosemite Valley. The 
first view of the valley is had from Inspiration 
Point. At Chinquapin, fourteen miles from 
Yosemite Village, a road diverges to the east 
and runs the same distance to the Glacier Point 
Hotel, on the summit of Glacier Point. 

How to Reach Yosemite National Park 

Yosemite National Park is reached the year 
'round via Merced and El Portal. Cal. The 
Yosemite Valley Railroad operates daily be- 
tween Merced and El Portal, a distance of 



P a 6 e twenty-one 




Cathedral Rocks 



Page twenty-two 




Another of the amazing spectacles of Yosemite is the Waterwheel Falls of the Tuolumne River 



seventy-eight miles, connecting with auto stages 
of the Yosemite National Park Company run- 
ning between El Portal and Yosemite Valley, a 
distance of fourteen miles. During summer 
season the Park is also reached by daily auto- 
mobile service of the Yosemite Stage and Turn- 
pike Co., "The Horseshoe Route," operating 
between Merced and Yosemite Valley, a dis- 
tance of 109 miles, via Mariposa Grove of Big 
Trees and Wawona (over-night stop), with side 
trip of twenty-eight miles from Chinquapin to 
Glacier Point and return. Another summer 
route is via EI Portal and Tuolumne Big Trees, 
("Triangle Route"). 

Round-trip excursion tickets at reduced fares 
are sold at certain stations in California to 
Yosemite National Park as a destination. Pas- 
sengers wishing to visit the Park in connection 
with journeys tootherdestinations (while en route 
between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 
example) will find stop-over privileges available 
on both round-trip and one-way tickets and may 
make side trip from Merced to the Park and return. 

During summer season the fare from Merced 
to Yosemite village via El Portal is $10 one way, 
$13.50 round trip; via Mariposa Grove and 
Wawona it is $14.25 in each direction, with $5 
additional charge for side trip to Glacier Point. 
Fare from Merced to Yosemite Valley and re- 
turn, for circle tour in one direction via El 
Portal, and in the opposite direction via Wawona 
and Mariposa Grove, is $24.25. Fare from 
Merced to Yosemite Valley and return via El 
Portal, in one direction via Tuolumne Big Trees, 
is $20.00. 

Certain regulations are in effect for free stor- 
age of baggage at Merced and other stations for 
actual length of time consumed by passen- 
gers in making side trip to Yosemite National 
Park. On baggage checked to El Portal usual 
free allowance will be made by railroads. On 
baggage checked through to Yosemite village. 



via El Portal, collection of $1.00 for each trunk 
will be made. Automobile stage lines will carry 
limited amount of hand baggage without charge. 

Hotels, Camps, and Lodges 

Sentinel Hotel, American plan: 

Per day, each, room without bath 

Per day, each, room with bath $ 

Elxclusive use of double room by one per- 
son, additional charge, per day 

Tub or shower baths in detached rooms. 

each 

Meal and lodging rates — 

Breakfast 

Luncheon 

Dinner 

Lodging 

Meals served in rooms, extra 

New Glacier Point Hotel, American plan: 

Per day, each, room without bath. . . 

Per day, each, room with bath 

Elxclusive use of double room by one per- 
son, additional charge, per day 

Tub or shower baths 

Meal and lodging rates: 

Breakfast 

Luncheon 

Dinner 

Lodging 

Meals served in room, extra 

Camp Curry, American Plan: 

Board and lodging in ordinary tents — 

Per day. each 

Per week, each 

Per four weeks, each 

Children between 5 and 8 years, per day 

Between 3 and 5 years, per day 

Under 3 years, per day 

Guests desiring extra tent room will be 
charged as follows: 
Tent for four people, occupied by two 

people, per day extra, each 

Tent for two people, occupied by one 

person, pei day extra 

Extra tent rates will be applied only be- 
tween June 1 and August I. 
Meal and lodging rates: 

Breakfast 

Lunch 

Dinner 

Lodging 

Meals sent to tents or served out of meal 

hours, extra .25 



6 


00- 


$5 00 
7 00 


1 


50- 


3.00 
.50 


i 


25- 


1.00 
1 25 
1 50 
3 25 
50 


4 

5 


00- 
00- 


4 50 
8.00 


1 


50- 


3 00 
50 


1 


00- 


1 00 

1 00 
1.00 
5 00 

.50 

3.50 
23.00 
90 00 

2 25 
1.75 
1 25 

1 00 
1.00 

.75 

.75 

1.00 

1.00 



Page twenty-three 




Agassiz Column 



Page twenty-four 



Hotels, Camps and Lodges — Continued 
Board and lodging in bungalow tents, in- 
cluding bath: 

Per day. each $ 5 . 00 $ 6 00 

Per week, each 33 . 00- 40 . 00 

Per four weeks, each 125.00-150.00 

Tub or shower baths, each .35 

3 tickets for 1 , 00 

5 tickets for I . 50 

Yosemite Camp. American plan: 

Per day. each 3 50- 4 . 00 

Per week, each 23 00- 26. 50 

Per four weeks, each 90 00-104.00 

Elxclusive use of bungalow or tent by one 

person, additional charge per day I 00 

Tub or shower baths in detached rooms, 

each .35 

Meal and lodging rates: 

Breakfast .75 

Luncheon 75 

Dinner I 00 

Lodging I . 00- 150 

Meals served in tents or bungalows. 

extra .25 

Merced Lake Lodge, American plan: 

Per day, each 4 00 

Elxclusive use of tent by one person, addi- 
tional charge per day I . 00 

Tub or shower baths 50 

Meal and lodging rates: 

Breakfast $1.00 

Luncheon .75 

Dinner 1.00 

Lodging 1 . 50 

Meals served in tents, extra .50 

Tenaya Lake Lodge. American plan: 

Per day, each 4.00 

Elxclusive use of tent by one person, additional 

charge per day I . 00 

Tub or shower baths 50 

Meal and lodging rates: 

Breakfast 1.00 

Luncheon .75 

Dinner 1 . 00 

Lodging 1 . 50 

Meals served in tents, extra .50 

Swimming — There are swimming pools at Camp Curry 
and Yosemite Camp. 



Rates for Sight-Seeing Automobile Trips 

Round 
Trip 

Floor of Yosemite Valley to Mirror Lake, upper end 

of valley and Happy Isles (time, about 2 hours) . $1 00 

Floor of Yosemite Valley to El Capitan, Pohono 
Bridge, lower end of valley, returning via Bridal 
Veil Falls and Cathedral Rocks (time, about 2 
hours) 1 00 

Yosemite Valley to Artist and Inspiration Points, 
on the rim of the valley, including lower end 
of valley and El Capitan via Pohono Bridge, 
returning via Bridal Veil Falls and Cathedral 
Rocks (time, about 3 hours) 3 00 



Rates for Automobile Tours 

One Round 
Way Trip 

Between Yosemite Valley, Artist and In- 
spiration Points, Glacier Point, and 
Mariposa Big Trees: 

Yosemite to Glacier Point $5 00 $7.50 

Yosemite to Mariposa Big Trees 7 50 10.00 

Yosemite to Mariposa Big Trees and re- 
turn to Glacier Point 1 00 

Yosemite to Glacier Point, thence to 
Mariposa Big Trees and return to 

Yosemite I 5 00 

Glacier Point to Mariposa Big Trees. ... 7 50 
Glacier Point to Mariposa Big Trees and 

return to Yosemite 10.00 

Between Yosemite Valley and Tuolumne 

Bi? Trees 5.00 

Saddle Animals for Riding on Floor of Valley 

Full day $4.00 

Half day 2.50 

Full day shall consist of eight hours — the first half day 
to terminate not later than 12 o'clock noon; the second 
half day to terminate not later than 6.00 p. m.; each half to 
consist of a period of four hours or less. 



Horseback Tours from 
Yosemite Valley 



One 

Way 



ind 



From Yosemite Valley to: 
Glacier Point, short trail . . 

Glacier Point via Vernal 

Nevada Falls, long trail 

Glacier Point via Pohono Trail, 
returning via Pohono Trail, 
short trail or long trail 

Merced Lake 

Tenaya Lake 

Top of Vernal and Nevada Falls 

Clouds Rest by Vernal and 
Nevada Falls 

Eagle Peak via Yosemite Falls 

Yosemite Falls 

North Dome via Mirror Lake 

returning via Yosemite Falls 

From Glacier Point to: 

Floor of valley, short trai 

Floor of valley via Nevada and 
Vernal Falls, long trail 

Floor of valley via Pohono Trail 

Sentinel Dome 

Ostrander Lake (good fishing) 

Mariposa Big Trees via Wa 
wona, Peregoy Meadows, and 
Alder Creek, returning via 
Chilnulalna Falls and Mon 
Meadows (3-day trip) .... 

Merced Lake 

Johnson Lake 

The Fissures \halfday. 

IheMssures /full day. 

From Merced Lake to: 

Floor of valley, direct 

Floor of valley via Clouds Rest 
Washburn Lake (good fishing) . 
Tenaya Lake via Forsyth Pass 
Tenaya Lake via Vogelsang or 

Babcock Pass and Tuolumne 

Meadows 

From Merced Lake to: 

Tenaya Lake via Sunrise Trail 

and Tuolumne Meadows . . . 

Glacier Point 

From Tenaya Lake to: 

Floor of valley via Snow Creek 

and Tenaya Canyon 
Floor of valley via Forsyth Pass 
Merced Lake via Forsyth Pass 

or Babcock Pass and Tuol 

umne Meadows 

Merced Lake via Forsyth Pass 
Merced Lake via Sunrise Trail 

and Tuolumne Meadows 

McGee Lake 

Tuolumne Soda Springs. . . 

Waterwheel Falls 

May Lake (good fishing) . . 
Dog Lake (good fishing) . . 
Mount Conness via Tuolumne 

Meadows 

Bloody Canyon via Tuolumne 

Meadows 

Ranger's station down Leevin- 

ing Canyon (2 days) 



$4 00 
4 00 



2 00 



Round 
Trip 



Number 
Required 
in Party 



$4 00 
4 00 



7 00 
7 50 
7 50 

3 50 

5 00 

4 00 
3.50 

5 00 



7 00 
I 00 
4 00 



4 00 
5.00 



5.00 



5 00 
4.00 

5 00 



2.00 



7 50 



3 50 
3.50 

4 00 
2.00 
3.50 

5.00 

5.00 

10 00 



Rates for Private Party Camping Trips 

Saddle horses, per day. each $2 00 $3 00 

Pack horses, per day. each 2 . 00- 3 . 00 

Guides, with horse, per day. each 5.00 

Packers, with horse, per day, each 5.00 

Cook, with horse, per day. each 5.00 

Rates for All-Expense Camping Tours 

1 person, cost per day. per person $25 . 00 

2 persons, cost per day. per person i ' If 

3 persons, cost per day. per person l^ 5n 

4 persons, cost per day, per person ! i tn 

5 persons, cost per day, per person in ^ 

6 persons, cost per day, per person ,nrS\ 

7 persons, cost per day, per person q SR 

8 persons, cost per day, per person q In 

9 persons, cost per day, per person o fn 

10 persons or more, cost per day, per person 9. 50 

Above rates include the necessary guides, cooks, saddle 

horses, pack horses, provisions, canvas shelters, cookmg 
utensils, stoves and bedding. 



Page twenty-/iv» 




Some of the sequoia trees are the largest and the oldest living things 
Page twenty-six 




Sentinel Hotel, Yosemite Valley 
One of the swimming pools in Yosemite Valley 



Glacier Point Hotel 
Hotel Wawona, near Mariposa Grove of Big Trees 



Camping Outfits for Valley Use 

Many tourists prefer to rent their camping outfits in- 
stead of bringing same with them, and for the benefit of 
such persons the following schedules have been prepared, 
showing cost of renting camping outfits and equipment 
furnished. 

It is advisable in every instance that tourists desiring 
to camp in the Park should have reserved the necessary 
equipment before arrival, as during the busy season tents 
are in great demand. 

No charge is made for camp sites, which are 
assigned to campers by the superintendent of the 
Park. 

Price List for Regular Outfits by the Week and Month 



Persons in Party 


One 
Week 


Two 
Weeks 


Three 
Weeks 


One 
Month 


One 


$5 00 
7 50 
9 00 
11.00 
13 00 
15.00 


$6 50 
9 00 
10 50 
12 00 
14 00 
16 00 


$7.50 
9.50 
11.50 
13 00 
15 00 
17.00 


$8 00 
10.00 


Three 

Four 


12.00 
14.00 
16.00 


Six 


18.00 



Hikers' Tours 

The hotels and camps are within walking distance of 
each other, for those accustomed to that means of travel- 
ing. Economical and comfortable trips can be made by 
equipping oneself at the rental department and merchan- 
dise store in the valley with camp outfit and supplies, 
and with pack animal, if desired. Carrying heavy equip- 
ment on a walking trip robs the trip of much of its pleasure. 
A delightful vacation may be had at an approximate cost 
of $1 to $2 per day per person, including all expense. 

Trail Trips from Yosemite Village 

1. Yosemite to Wawona by horse trail via Glacier Point. 

Distance twenty-five miles. 

2. Yosemite to Glacier Point via short trail, over Pohono 

Trail, and return via Fort Monroe on Wawona Road. 
Distance twenty-four miles. 

3. Yosemite to Buck Camp by horse trail via Glacier 

Point, and return via Merced Lake. Distance 
seventy-eight miles. 

4. Yosemite to Tuolumne Meadows and Soda Springs via 

road to Mirror Lake, thence via horse trail and 
Tenaya Canyon. Distance twenty-four miles. 



5. Yosemite to Hetch-Hetchy Valley by horse trail via 

Tenaya Canyon and McGee Lake. Distance sixty- 
two miles. 

6. Yosemite to Hetch-Hetchy via Yosemite Falls. White 

Wolf, and Harden Lake. Distance thirty-one miles. 

7. Yosemite to Hetch-Hetchy by horse trail via Tenaya 

Canyon, Matterhorn. and Tiltill. Distance 100 miles. 

8. Yosemite to Hetch-Hetchy by horse trail via Tenaya 

Canyon, Smedburg, and Benson Lakes. Distance 
seventy miles. 

9. Yosemite to Soda Springs by horse trail via Vogelsang 

Pass. Distance thirty-seven miles. 

10. Yosemite to Soda Springs. Lyell Fork Meadows, and 
Donohue Pass, via horse trail and Nevada Falls. 
Distance thirty-eight miles. 

I I. Yosemite to Soda Springs by horse trail via Yosemite 
Falls, Eagle Peak, and Yosemite Point Trail. Dis- 
tance twenty-eight miles. 

12. Yosemite to North Dome by horse trail and return 

via Yosemite Point. Distance nineteen miles. 

13. Yosemite to Lake Tenaya by horse trail and return 

via Forsyth Pass and Clouds Rest. Distance thirty- 
two miles. 

14. Yosemite to Merced Lake and Washburn Lake by 

horse trail. Distance twenty miles. 
I 5. Yosemite to Johnson Lake and Buck Camp, via Glacier 
Point, Illilouette Creek, Buena Vista Creek, and 
Royal Arch Lakes. Distance twenty-two miles 

16. To Moraine Meadows via Nevada Falls. Starr King, 

Ottoway Creek, and Merced Pass. Distance twenty- 
one miles. 

17. Yosemite to Waterwheel Falls via Tenaya Canyon and 

White Cascades. Distance twenty-five miles. 

18. Yosemite to Ten Lakes via Yosemite Falls and Yo- 

semite Creek. Distance seventeen miles. 



U. S. R. R. Administration Publications 

The following publications may be obtained 
free on application to any Consolidated Ticket 
Office; or apply to the Bureau of Service National 
Parks and Monuments, or Travel Bureau — 
Western Lines, 646 Transportation Building, 
Chicago, 111. : 

Arizona and New Mexico Rockies. 
California for the Tourist. 
Colorado and Utah Rockies. 
Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. 
Glacier National Park, Montana. 
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. 
Hawaii National Park, Hawaiian Islands. 
Hot Springs National Park. Arkansas. 



Page twenty-seven 




The Maiden's Profile in Nevada Falls 



Page twenty-eight 




Camp Curry, on the floor of the valley 



Mount Rainier National Park. Washington. 
Northern Lakes — Wisconsin, Minnesota, Upper Mich- 
igan, Iowa and Illinois. 

Mesa Verda National Park, Colorado. 

Pacific Northwest and Alaska. 

Petrified Forest National Monument, Arizona. 

Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 

Sequoia and General Grant National Parks, California. 

Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho. 

Yosemite National Park, California. 

Zion National Monument, Utah. 

U. S. Government Publications 

The following publications may be obtained 
from the Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington. D. C., at 
prices given. Remittances should be by money 
order or in cash. 

Sketch of Yosemite National Park and an account of 
the origin of Yo.semite and Hetch-Hetchy Valleys, by F. 
E. Matthes. 48 pages. 24 illustrations. 10 cents. 

The Secret of the Big Trees, by Ellsworth Huntington. 
24 pages, 14 illustrations. 5 cents. 

Forests of Yosemite. Sequoia, and General Grant National 
Parks, by C. L. Hill. 40 pages, 23 illustrations. 20 cents. 

Panoramic view of Yosemite National Park, 18J^ by 18 
inches. 25 cents. 

The National Parks Portfolio. By Robert Sterling Yard. 
260 pages, 270 illustrations. Pamphlet edition, 35 cents: 
book edition. 55 cents. 



Altitude of Summits in Yosemite Valley 



The following may be obtained from the Director of 
the United States Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. 

Map of Yosemite National Park, 29 by 31 inches, 25 
cents a copy flat; 40 cents a copy folded and bound be- 
tween covers. 

Map of Yosemite Valley, 35 by I5'2 inches. 10 cents. 



The following publications may be obtained free on 
written application to the Director of the National Park 
Service. Washington, D. C, or by personal application to 
the office of the superintendent of the Park. 

Circular of General Information Regarding Yosemite 
National Park. 

Glimpses of our National Parks. 48 pages, illustrated. 

Map showing location of National Parks and National 
Monuments and railroad routes th reto. 

Park Administration 

Yosemite National Park is under the jurisdiction 
of the Director, National Park Service, Depart- 
ment of the Interior. Washington, D. C. The 
Park Superintendent is located at Yosemite, Cal. 



Artist's Point 

Basket Dome . . 
Cathedral Rocks. . . 

Cathedral Spires 

Clouds Rest 

Columbia Rock 

Eagle Peak 

El Capitan 

Glacier Point 

Half Dome 

Leaning Tower 

Liberty Cap 

North Dome 

Old Inspiration Point 

Panorama Point 

Profile Cliff 

Pulpit Rock 

Sentinel Dome 

Stanford Point 

Washington Column . 
Yosemite Point 





Altitude 


Altitude 


Above 


Above 


Pier near 


Sea Level 


Sentinel 




Hotel 


Feet 


Feet 


4,701 


739 


7,602 


3.642 


6.551 


2.591 


6.114 


2.154 


9.924 


5.964 


5.031 


1.071 


7.773 


3.813 


7.564 


3.604 


7,214 


3.254 


8,852 


4.892 


5,863 


1.903 


7,072 


3.112 


7,531 


3.571 


6,603 


2.643 


6,224 


2.264 


7,503 


3.543 


4.195 


765 


8.117 


4.157 


6.659 


2,699 


5.912 


1,952 


6.935 


2.975 



Height of Waterfalls in Yosemite Valley 





Height 
of Fall 


Altitude 


of Crest 


Name 


Above 

Sea 
Level 


Above 
Pier near 
Sentinel 

Hotel 


Yosemite Falls 

Middle Yosemite Falls. . 
Lower Yosemite Falls 


Feet 

1,430 

600 

320 

594 

317 

370 

620 

1.612 

1.170 


Feet 
6.525 

4.420 
5.907 
5.044 
5.816 
4.787 
7.008 
6.466 


Feet 
2.565 

460 
1,947 


Vernal Falls 

Illilouette Falls 

Bridal Veil Falls 

Ribbon Falls 

Widows Tears Falls 


1,084 
1,856 
827 
3,048 
2.506 



Page twenty-nine 




Camp Yosemite. on the floor of the valley 



Size of Big Trees in Mariposa Grove 

[All dimensions are in feet.] 



Distances from Yosemite Post-Oflfice to Principal 
Points in Yosemite Valley- 



Trees 



Grizzly Giant 

Faithful Couple. . . 

Michigan 

Fresno 

Columbia 

Old Guard (South 

Tree) 

Lafayette 

Nevada 

General Sherman.. 
General Grant . 
General Sheridan.. 

Philadelphia 

St. Louis 

Lincoln 

Washington 

William McKinley 
General Logan. . . . 

Galen ClarK 

Pittsburgh 

Vermont 

Wawona (26 feet 

through opening) 

New York 

Forest Queen 

Boston 

Chicago 

Whittier 

Longfellow 

Capt. A. E. Wood. 

Mark Twain 

Mississippi 

Stonewall Jackson. 

Georgia 

South Carolina. . . . 





Ap. 




Ap- 




proxi- 


Girth 


proxi- 


Girth 
at 


mate 
Diam- 


about 
10 Feet 


Diam- 

eter 
10 Feet 


Base 


eter 

at 

Base 


Above 




Ground 


Above 








Ground 


93 


29.6 


64.5 


20.5 


94 


29.9 


63 


20 


55 5 


17 7 


40 


12 7 


63 


20 


38.5 


12.2 


80 5 


25 6 


52 


16 5 


45 


14.3 


31 


9.9 


92 5 


29.4 


53 


16.9 


48.5 


15.4 


35 


III 


63 


20 


41.5 


13.2 


67 


21.3 


42 


13.4 


76 


24.2 


51 


16.2 


61.5 


19.6 


50 5 


16. I 


73 


23.2 


51 


16 2 


72 


22.9 


54.5 


17.3 


92 


29.3 


65 


20.7 


70 


22.3 


46.5 


14.8 


76 


24.2 


49.5 


15.7 


59.5 


18 9 


47 


14.9 


53.5 


17 


41 


13 


47 


14.9 


38 


12.1 






60.5 
45.5 


19.2 
14.5 


52 


16 5 


53.5 


17 


38 


12 1 


58 


18 4 


47 


14.9 


57 


18 1 


40.5 


12.9 


62 


19.7 


47 


14.9 


515 


16.4 


43 


13.7 


52 


16.5 


40 


12.7 


53 


16.9 


41 


13 


54.5 


17.3 


37.5 


11.9 


53 


16.9 


38.5 


12.2 


48 


15.3 


35 


III 


74 


23.5 


54.5 


17.3 



Height 



204 
244 
257 
273 
294 

244 
273 
278 
267 
271 
263 
275 
269 
258 
235 
243 
259 
238 
242 
257 

227 
237 
219 
248 
223 
268 
273 
310 
331 
269 
265 
270 
264 



Name 



Basket Dome (top of) 

Camp Curry 

Clouds Rest 

El Capitan 

Glacier Point 

Glacier Point Hotel 

Half Dome (foot of) 

Happy Isles 

Liberty Cap 

Minor Lake 

Mount Watkins (top of ) . . . 
Nevada Falls (594 feet) .... 

North Dome (top of) 

Sentinel Rock 

Teriaya Canyon 

Union Point 

Vernal Falls (3 1 7 feet) 

Yosemite Falls (1.750 feet). 



Distance 

Miles 



Direction 



9.0 


Northeast 


1.0 


East 


11.0 




3.5 


West 


4.5 


South 


4.5 




3.0 


East 


2.5 




5.5 


•• 


3.0 


•' 


9,0 




6.0 




no 


Northeast 


1.0 


West 


4.0 


East 


3.0 


South 


5.0 


East 


.5 


North 



What to Wear 

Reasonably warm clothing should be worn, and persons 
should be prepared for sudden changes of weather and 
altitude. Good everyday clothes, golf or bicycle suits are 
suitable for both men and women for Park travel. Wear- 
ing apparel, dry goods, boots, shoes, etc., may be procured 
at Reasonable rates at the general store on the floor of the 
!il|ey. Serviceable gloves and tinted glasses should form 
irt of one's outfit. 



Page thirty 












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£ e R A s K. A 



KANSAS 

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litki.t. „ ^ o IPortsmith . Z\ 



! Oklahoma City O ° p 

£.."0 j-MmkoBicf 



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'« * ° I THE HAWAMAW ISLAM 



o.l.Mion^ gulf 



The National Parks at a glance 



s t r a t 1 o n 



United States Railroad Admin 

Director General of Railroads 

For particulars as to fares, train schedules, etc., apply to any Railroad Ticket Agent, or to any 
of the following Consolidated Ticket Offices: 

West 



Beaumont, Tex., Orleans and Pearl Sts. 

Bremerton, Wash 224 Front St. 

Butte, Mont. 2 N Main St. 

Chicago. Ill 175 W. Jackson Blvd. 

Colorado Springs, Colo. 

I 19 E. Pike's Peak Ave. 

Dallas, Tex 112-114 Field St. 

Denver, Colo 601 17th St. 

Des Moines, Iowa 403 Walnut St. 

Duluth, Minn 334 W. Superior St. 

El Paso, Tex. . Mills and Oregon Sts. 

Ft. Worth. Tex 702 Houston St. 

Fresno, Cal .J and Fresno Sts. 

Galveston. Tex.. 21st and Market Sts. 

Helena. Mont 58 S. Main St. 

Houston, Tex 904 Texas Ave. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Ry. Elx. BIdg., 7th and Walnut Sts. 



Annapolis. Md . 
Atlantic City, N. J 
Baltimore, Md . 
Boston, Mass 
Brooklyn, N. Y 
Buffalo, N. Y., Ma 
Cincinnati. Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio. 
Columbus, Ohio . 
Dayton, Ohio 



54 Maryland Ave. 

.1301 Pacific Ave. 

B. &0. R. R. Bldg. 

67 Franklin St. 

336 Fulton St. 

in and Division Sts. 

6th and Main Sts. 

1004 Prospect Ave. 

70 East Gay St. 

19 S. Ludlow St. 



Lincoln, Neb 104 N. 13th St. 

Little Rock, Ark 202 W. 2d St. 

Long Beach. Cal. . L.A.&S.L. Station 
Los Angeles. Cal . . . ' 2 1 5 S. Broadway 

Milwaukee. Wis 99 Wisconsin St. 

Minneapolis, Minn. ,202 Sixth St. South 
Oakland, Cal. . . 13th St. and Broadway 

Ocean Park, Cal 160 Pier Ave. 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 

131 W. Grand Ave. 

Omaha, Neb 1416 Dodge St. 

Peoria, III Jefferson and Liberty Sts. 
Phoenix, Ariz 

Adams St. and Central Ave. 
Portland, Ore., 3d and Washington Sts. 
Pueblo, Colo. .401-3 N. Union Ave. 

St. Joseph, Mo 505 Francis St. 

St. Louis, Mo. 318-328 N. Broadway 

East 

Detroit. Mich.. 13 W. LaFayette Ave. 
Evansville, Ind. . L. & N. R. R. Bldg. 
Grand Rapids, Mich 125 Pearl St. 

Indianapolis. Ind., 112-14 English Block 
Newark, N.J., Clinton and Beaver Sts. 

New York, NY 64 Broadway 

New York, NY. 57 Chambers St. 

New York, N. Y 3IW. 32dSt. 

New York, N. Y II4W. 42dSt. 

South 



St. Paul, Minn . .4th and Jackson Sts. 

Sacramento, Cal 801 K St. 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Main and S. Temple Sts. 
San Antonio, Texas 

315-17 N. St. Mary's St. 

San Diego, Cal 300 Broadway 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Lick Bldg.. Post St. and Lick Place 
San Jose, Cal.. 1st and San Fernando Sts. 

Seattle, Wash 7 1 4- 1 6 2d Ave. 

Shreveport, La. .Milam and Market Sts. 

Sioux City, Iowa 510 4th St. 

Spokane, Wash. 

Davenport Hotel, 815 Sprague Ave. 
Tacoma. Wash.. 1117-19 Pacific Ave. 
Waco. Texas . . 6th and Franklin Sts. 
Whittier, Cal . . . L. A. & S. L. Station 
Winnipeg, Man 226 Portage Ave. 



Philadelphia, Pa 1539 Chestnut St. 

Pittsburgh, Pa Arcade Building 

Reading, Pa 16 N. Fifth St. 

Rochester, N. Y 20 State St. 

Syracuse, N. Y University Block 

Toledo, Ohio 320 Madison Ave. 

Washington. D. C . . 1229 F St. N. W. 
Williamsport. Pa . . 4th and Pine Sts. 
Wilmington. Del 905 Market St. 



Asheville, N. C . . . . 

Atlanta. Ga 

Augusta. Ga 

Birmingham, Ala . . 
Charleston, S. C 
Charlotte, N. C 
Chattanooga. Tenn 
Columbia, S. C. 
Jacksonville, Fla 

For detailed 
National Parks 
Chicago. 

POOLE BROS CHICAGO 



. 14 S. Polk Square 

. 74 Peachtree St. 

811 Broad St. 

2010 1st Ave. 

Charleston Hotel 

22 S. Tryon St. 

817 Market St. 

Arcade Building 

38 W. Bay St. 

information reg 
and Monument 



Knoxville, Tenn 600 Gay St. 

Lexington, Ky Union Station 

Louisville. Ky . 4th and Market Sts. 

Lynchburg. Va 722 Mam St. 

Memphis, Tenn 60 N. Mam St. 

Mobile. Ala 51 S. Royal St. 

Montgomery, Ala. , Exchange Hotel 

Nashville, Tenn. ,IndependentLifeBldg. .- „. . _ . 

New Orleans, La St. Charles Hotel ' Wmston-Salem, N. C .236 N. Mam St 

arding National Parks and Monuments address Bureau of Service, 
or 



Paducah. Ky 430 Broadway 

Pensacola. Fla San Carlos Hotel 

Raleigh, N. C. . . 305 LaFayette St. 

Richmond, Va 830 E. Main St. 

Savannah, Ga 37 Bull St. 

Sheffield, Ala Sheffield Hotel 

Tampa, Fla Hillsboro Hotel 

Vicksburg, Miss I 3 19 Washington St. 



Travel Bureau Western Lines. 646 Transportation Bldg., 



Season 19 19 



Page thirty-one 




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LIBRftRY OF CONGRESS 



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