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1 



Bullet in du Club Al pin de Cri mée et da Caucas e. 

" ^ .U UNI 




LIBRAFfJES ' 



AUG 2 2 1994 



3AnMCKH 



KPblMCK0-KABKA3CKAT0 
FopHaro fijiyôa. 

u ft E C C A. 
I907. 



M N2l,8,9,1QJlu12. 



*m/®®ÈiF* 



OflKUCA, 
1ÔOT 



Tnno-JlHTorpa<f>ifl M. CokOvIObckoïï, I loBopuôHau As »*, bi, OAecdb. 



III 



A. A, TPAnAHH. 

(Henpojiorb). 

A. A. Trapani (Membre henoraire et Vice-Président du Club 
Alpin de Crimée et du Caucase; nécrologue). 

^ecHTaro uBrycra 1907 ro.ua B r b HM'huiH noJiKOBHHKa Bp>KeaHU- 
i<aro, XepcouiKoii ryoepuÎH, AHaiibeBCKaro yfe3Aa yMep'b ToBa- 
pnm/b lIpe^cfeAaTejiH K. — K. 1\ Kji. AjieKcfefi AjieKcaHApoBHHT> 
Tpanaim. 

AjieKcf»M A;ieKcaHApoBH4 , b poahjich 17 MapTa 1858 roAa. 
Euje GyAyHM mo-ioammi. ne;ioB , EKOM r b oht> îiocBHTH.Yb ceôfl KOMMep- 
x \eci{\m r b A^aM-b, KOTopHM-b ooTa.icn B , fepHbiM r b ao Komja CBoefl 
h\H3hh. Ha i iaB r b ciyîKÔy bt* P. 06. llap. h Topr. oh^ 1881 r. 
0TKpwji r b neôojJbiLioe CBoe ;)KciieAHuioniioe j\î>:io ' cnaqaJia bt> 
Oaocc/b, a 3arfeM r b BCK0p1> pacnpocTpaHHJib cbok) jrliflTeJibHOCTb h 
lia rieTep6ypn,. CypoBbiii h ueiipuBinvniBbifi neTepôyprcKÎË kjih- 
Marb 0Ka:*a;icfl BpeAHbiwb a.ih 3AopoBj>H A.ieKcfefl AjieKcaiiApoBRqa 
h B r b J895 roAy oH'b uepece.in.ieH cnoBa b'i» OAeccy. 

IIo ci, OeTepôyproMb A;i. A;i. ne npcKpaTHJn CHOUienifi, 
naouopon». oui, 3aAywa.Tb oTKpwTb Apyrofi nyTb jijir ToproRJiH, a 
HMeHho, OTiipaBJiHTb TOBapw B'i» IleTepfiyppb MopeM'b, 4T0 no ero 
MH'ibHiK) iipeACTaBJiHjio BbiroAy K;tK r b ji:\h OTiipaBHTCjien, TaK'b h 
juin napoxoAiiaro npeAiipinrifl. llo ero HHHniûTHB'ib P. 06. llap. 
ii Topr. OTKpwjio HOBbie rpyaoBwe peûcu MejKAy Ofleccoïï h 
IleTopôyproM'b, cyiuecTByiomie m ao chxtj nopi* h îipHHOcamie 
06Lu,ecTBy xopoiuift aoxoai>. 

R-b 1900 roAy ho BpeMH MaHVtfKypcKOft KoMnamn AjieKc. 
A.ieKcaHApoBHM'b iiphhh.ti» ua opôh norraBKy pa:*;iH4Hbix , b MaTe- 
pia;ioBi> A- 7 !» ny>K;ri* «[mora. 

TanoBa B'i, o'M'iib KpaTKHxi» cioBaxi» o6in,ecTBeHnafl pfbnTCJih- 
îiocTb ÀjieKcbn AjieKcaHApOBHHa. 



_ 4 — 

KyayHH T jpe3BuqaôH0 3aHaTHMi> cbohmt> npeAnpiaTieM'b 
AjieKcbfl AjieKcaHflpoBHHt yA'fe.flHJi'b HeMajio BpeMeHH xw A'ki'i» 
Hainero TopHaro Kjiyôa 

BcTynHBi> 6-ro Man 1890 ro/ja bi> «ihcio MJieHOB-b Kjiyôa 

OïTb BTb IiepBOMlï >Ke 3ac1>AaHiH UpejXJlOmUJlly H'feCKOJIbKHX-b JIHU/b B'b 

qjieHbi h npHHHJi'b auiBoe y^acTie bi> >kh3hh Kjiyôa. 

HacTyiiaen» Heôojibinoft iipoMe>KyTOK'b BpeMeHH, iiphôjihuh- 
TeifcHO 3 — 4 ro.ua, nor^a A'feflTejibHocTb AjieK. AjieKcaiiAp. bt> Kjiyôb 
H'fecKOJibKO yTHxaeTi, Tanx KaKi* on-b bi> IleTepôyprfe. Ilo B03Bpa- 
memn bt> Ofleccy, oH'b 6bun> BbiôpaH'b bx HJieHbi IIpaB:ieHiH m e r b 
3Toro BpeMeHH OH r b ropa i io npHHHMaerb na cef»i :*a6oTy o pac- 
uiHpeHÎH Kjiyôa. He npoxoAH.io iiomth hhoahofo aacfeAaimi npaB- 
jieHin i iTo6w Ha tieMb A.ieKcfeH AjieKcaHAP- He npe^iojKHJib 6bi 
irfccKOJibKHX'b hobuxtd 'LieiioBb n:n, cBonx-b Apy^eâ h 3HaK0Mbixi> 

27-ro Okthôph 1 ( J04 roAa A.ieKcfeii Ajiokcrhap- Gua'u na- 
6paHi> ÏOBaj)Hii;eM r b [IpeAcfcAaTejiH K.--K. V. K. na wfecTo ckoii- 
^aBiuarocH P. A. IIpeiiAcvni, a 12 Mapia 1906 r. na :)KCTpeHHOMb 
coôpaHiw eAHHOiviacHo Obwrb BbiOpaHi» B'b rio'ieTuwe M.ienbi 

Uwkti HCMHoro cBoôoAHaro BpeMeHH, oirb plîAKo npHHHMajrb 
y i iacTie Bb oôwiHbixb :)KCKypciHX'b HJieHOBb KjiyOa B'b KpbiMb h 
na KaBKa3i3,'Ho saxo rpoMa;uiyio nojibay oiib 0Ka3biBajib B'i» npi- 
eM'fe yneHH^ecKHX'b îJKCKypciiï, a Tannée b'j» opiaHH3aiÛH :*aropoA- 
HHX'b ^KCKypciH qjienoBb. 

Bb MapuipyTi. ôo^biuHHCTBa yHeiiHMPeKHXb ;>KcKypcin bxo- 
AHïii nocbLuenie Oacccw, vxk aKCKypeaiiTbi upomiiBaiorb irfecKOJib- 
ko AHeft, ocMaTpHBan AocTOiipHM'feMaTejibHoeTH ropoAa h Bceraa 
iiomth iiOA'i» pyKOBOACTBOM r b AjieKC'bn AjieKcaHA})0BH4a. Bon» Tyi'b- 

TO H LipOHBJlHJUlCb A'feHTe.lbHOCTb HOKOHIiarO BO BCOH CBOOH JLLlHpO- 

rb. OTAaBan Macro irbjiwe ahh imôoTaM-b oG-b :-)KCKypcaiiTax r b, oiib 
npiHCKHBa;n. noM-bmeme h yAOÔiiwH cTo;n> jxmi Hiixb, npeAocTaB- 

JlHJVb CBOH KaTep r b ^,J\H liporyjIOKT» HO MOplO H IIpOMCO. 

BTeMeiiie nocji , feAHHX p b agchth .Tferb, iiomth Ka>KAoe jrbro, 
KOi\a,a ôo.ibLUHHCTBO ^jjeHOB'b TlpaB^eHifl Kjiy6a pain/bawaeTCfl, 
A.ieKciîH AjieKcaiiApOBHmj OAHH r b ii])HHHMa;rj> na ce6>i ooHiuuiHOc- 
th no îiepeiiHCKls, B r b npieMij HOBbix'bMjjeuoB-b m npo l iieTeKyiuie Aisjia 
Kjiyôa. 

AjieKciiH AjieKcaiiApoHHM'b ho npoiiyc.Ka.i-L iiomth hh oahoi'o 
3acfeAaHia q^enoBb, a TaKîiœ hoctohhho coA'bwcTBOBajrb ycirkxy h 



*- B -i 

tipncyTCTBOfeajiT> Ha oôbiHHbix-b Bewepaxi,, ycTpaHBaeMbixt ajih yee« 
jiwqeHifl 6iOA>KeTa K ! iy6a. Bc-Tp'h4an rocTew npn hxojifb bt> 3ajn>, 
oin>, Boeraa >KH3HepaA0CTHbifl, oMapoBbiBâjrh nx-b cBoeio Ao6poTOK> 

H npHB'feTJIHBOCTbK). 

IIocji^ cMepTH npoc{). 0. H. HjioBaftcKaro, AJieKefeH AjieKcaH- 
ApoBRHb nanajrb xjionoTaTb o npoAJieHÎH npaB-biia BJiaA'kHie yqac- 
tkomt» lia KpacHoft llojiflui;, hto eMy, A'kHCTBHTejibHO h yAajiocb 

CA'feJiaTb, BHXJlOIIOTaBl, OTCTpOHKy Ha OAHHt TOA'b. 

Oô'beAHiieHie qjieHOBi» ôbuio Bcer^aïunefo ero mchtoh h 3a- 
ôotoh. 

B-b jrau'b AjieKc-feH AjieKcaH^poBHHa Kp. KaB. Top. Kji. no- 
Tepajn, oahofo H3-b cbohxt, ;)Heprn»iH , feËuiHx r b h nojie3H , feHuiHx r b 
A'feflTOJieft. ITaMHTb o HeM-b BcerAa- coxpaHHTCH cpeAH ^jieHOBT» 
Kjiyôa, ^HaBHJHX-b ero jihmho. 

MHpi» npaxy TBoejiy, Aoporon AjieKcbM AjieKcaHApoBHTb!... 
A AAekctbeeh — A. Alexejeff. 

Oflecca 
10 flenaftp* 1907 r. 






IIpe^HCJiOBie. 



HacTonmifl Tpn JieKuin. npeAmecTBOBaBiuiH «reojiorHHecKOMy 
onepKy KpbiMa», *) ômjih npoHHTaHbi ajih ^JieiioBb HjiTHHCKaro 
TexHHnecKaro OômecTBa, no iipocbGt» CoBisTa iiocjiIj/ihhio, ji^tom'i» 
1906 roAa. Oh* hmIjjih ivluibic no3HaKOMMTb MJieHOBh HasBannaro 
OômecTBa c-b H'feKOTopbiMH rjiaBaMH (|)H3hmockom reojioriH, hmIjio- 
iijhmh qacTbio M'fecTHbiH HHTepecb (iiOAseMiibifi boah. reojiorHMec- 

Kafl A'feSTeJIbHOCTb MOpfl), a TaKÎKe B'b KpaTKOM'b OMêpK'fe Cb hcto- 

pnqecKOio reojiorieio, HeoôxoAHMofi ^ji fl noiiHMaHifl reojiorHHecKa- 
ro npoiiijiaro KpHMa **). 

nOCfemeHie STVlXly JIGKïUË 3Ha i lHTeJIbIlbIM , b HHCJIOM'b JIHH r b 

H3T> nyôJiHKH, KpoM* ^JienoBb OômecTBa, yKa^biBajio lia Hirrepccb 
npoflBJifleMbiô hmh kt> reo.rorHqecKHM'b TCMaMi». Bx BHAy 3Toro, a 
TaKMte M'fecTHaro HHTepeca, KOTopbifi npeACTaBjifljiH sth ^eKiiin 
C0Aep>KaBuiifl nacTwa yKa3aiiia Ha iipmirfepbi H3i> reojioriH KpuMa, 

fl p'feHIJilJICfl BHnyCTHTb HXT> B'b CBliT r b. 

HM'fefl B03MO>KHOCTb BOCnOJIb30BaTbCH BllOCJliiACTBiH H'IiKOTO- 
PHMH JIHTepaTVpHblMH HCTO^HHKaMH. KOTOpblX'b He ÔbIJIO y MeiIH 

noAt pynaMH B'b HjitIî, ***) a bkjuomhjit» bt> iiacTOflinJH jeiaûn h 

3TH AaHHHfl ****) ? upn iieM'b C4HTaJl r b He JIHUIHHM'b HOMiiCTHTb B'b 

KOHi^fe KaHCAOfi JieKain ciihcok'i> rjiaBirfeHiuew jiHTepaxypbi, otiioch- 
meficfl Kt TpaKTyeMWM'b B'b JieKuiHX-b BonpocaM-b. 

IIpoijj. 3aiii{e6i>. 
SlAma, 

25 ItOAH 1907 i. 



*) HanenaTaHt bt» „3an. Kp.-KaBK. TopH. Kjiy6a a , N2N2 6,--8, 1906. 
**) JleKqiH conpoBOJKflanHCt noKa3biBaHieM-b Ha 3KpaHt MHoro4HCJieH- 

HblXl» flian03HTHB0B-b; HfeKOTOpbie H3t HHX-b npHrOTOBJieHbl ÔbïJIH B'b fljn"B n. 

H. UHfleHHCOBWM'b, KOTopOMy ciHTaio npiaTHbiM-b fljïH ceôsi nonTowh Bbipa- 
3HTb afl^Cb cbok) HCKpeHioio npn3HarejibH0CTb 

***) CepflenHO ÔJiaroaapeH'b A. JI. BepTbe-fle/ia'rapfly h J\. C. Hepnecy 
Bis Hjitb 3a Jiio6e3HO npeAOCTaBJieHHyio hmji B'b Moe pacnopaMeme jiHTepaTypy 
jxnn jieKuiH. 

****) PaBHo KaK-b flaHHbiH, OTHOCHiuiaca K-b HyKypjiapcKOMy onoji3Hio. 



t. 

âaAaqrf h 3Ha?eHie reojioriH. — Ho/^eMHUfl bo/ju.— HctoihhkM. 

— lfeiuepu. — H3Br6iiefiie pe;n,e(J>a h HapynieiuiocTL HaiuracTO- 

Banifl no a f, BjiiflHiemi. A'6iiTejibHocTii 110 i^eMHhixi» bo^x (npo- 

eajiu. onojiSHH, oÔBajiu). 

npecjrfyijfl ^BOHKyio u'fejib: M3yweHie HacTonmaro h npomjaro 
Haniefi njaHeTu, reojiorifl (nay^a o 3eMjrfc) HM-feerb bt> bh/ij naB- 
Htfliae HCTopMqecKyio 3a«aMy 8Toro usyqeBisi. JIjih BunojiHeHifl noc- 
xbahcô reojoriH nojib3yeTCH tbmh AaHHbiMu, kotopwh OHa no^ep- 
naerb m3t> HayMemn HaCTOflnjaro cocTOHHia at mm: eH coCTaBa, npo- 
ueccoB'b, npoHCxoAflmHXTb Ha uoBepxHOCTH m iît» H'feflpax'b Hamefi 
riJiaHeTbi h npo*i. Bce 9to m MHoroe flpyroe hcoôxoahmo aih reo- 
jora, JKejaioinaro BOSCTaHOBHTb ncropiio pasBUTia seMjrw, oÔHUMaio- 
myio co6oh) He TOJbKO H3M , bHeHiH fc (J)H3HKo-reorpa<ï)n^ecKHx , b ycioBift 
eH bt> pasjiHMHbie reojiorwqecKie nepio^bi', ho h opraHHMecKaro 
Mipa, HacejflBraaro Hamy ruaHeTy. rjiaBH-fefiuieio 3aAa*ieio reoaora 
HBJiHeTCH, Tap. 06p., HsyqeHie pacnpeA'BJieHiH cyiiiM m Mopa bt» Te- 
veuie pn^a reojiorniiecKiix'b nepioAOB'b, ByjiKaHimecKHX'b n3BepJKeHïft, 
KjrMMaTwqecKMX-b mwbRemfi h t. a-, paBHO KaK'b (J)ayHT> h «faop'b, 
CM'feHHBiiiHX'b Apyri» Apyra h npHBeAiiiwx'b kt> pa3Hoo6paaiio coBpe- 
HeHHbixi> (}3ayHbi m (jMopw. KaK'b bmaho, sa^a^H reoJtoriu BecbMa 
pa3HOo6pa3HW m oôiuupHbi, OHa conpwKacaeTCH et ij'BJbiM'b pn- 
Aomt» Apyruxi» HayK'b; oTCio^a BHTepecb, upeACTaBjmeMwfi eio am 
cneuiajiuCTOB'b pa3jimHbix , b oTpacneft npaKTimecKOft /TBflTejibHoCTM: 
ropHbix-b HHMceHepoBb, npH noHCKaxT», pass-bAnai* h paspaôoTKaxi» 
noJie3HbJX> HCKonaeMbixi»; HH»eHepOBT>— CTpowTejefi 2Kejrb3Hb]X'b ao- 
porb h Ap. — bt> Boapocaxt, Kacaiomaxca npoBeAeHia pejibcoBaro 
nyTM, BOAOCHaÔHceHia, oTbiCKHBaHia noA3eMHbixT> boa'b h np. IIo- 
mmmo Bcero aToro, reojioriH HM^erb 3Ha*jeHie bt» ncropiH pa3BHTia 
qejiOB-BqecKoft mbicjh, 1160 OHa nocjyraHjia kt> ycTaHOBjieHiK) co3- 
HaTejbnaro OTHomeHin qe.iOB'BKa kl npwpoA*. 

B-b qacTHOCTH, rjlr Hamefi uIjjim OHa opeACTaBjuierB ôo-ibmoft 

HHTepeCb, AaBaH HHMT) B03M03KHOCTb II03HaKOMHTbCfl CB H'BKOTOpbJMM 

BonpocaMH oômaro reoJiorimecKaro xapaKTepa, HM'BiomHMH qaCTbio 
npaKTUMecKifi HHTepecb. 



IÏ3y<iaH pacnpeA*JieHie aTMOC$epHbix'b OGaAKOBT» (AOHAb, CHtrb 
m np.), ôepymuxcH BCJrfeACTBie HcnapeHi» boam cb noBepxHocTH 



-8 - 

OKfcaHOB'b ij Mopeft, mm aaM-feqaearfc, npw BbinaAeHÎH sthxi. ocaAKOB'b 
Ha noBepxHOCTb 3eMJH, pacnpeAlueHie mxt» na Tpw HepaBHBia *iacTH: 
1) nodepxuocmubiH eodbi, 2) ucnapnwwxcx u nàyu^in ua numanie pac- 
meniû BOflbi h S) noixomoeMbiH eodu cjytfcaïuJH AJia iM-ram» wofofw- 
**i#0 eod*. 

To hjh Apyroe KOJwiecTBo ynoMHHyTbixb boat» saBHCHTb orb 

KJIHMaTa, paCTHTeJIbHOCTM, nO^Bbl H np. T'dKh, BT» OÔJiaCTH p. Mhc- 

chchiih eweroAHO ucnapaeTCfl 75°/ aTMoc$epHbix r b BOA'b, bt> oôjiacTM 
HeBLi — npoHHKaeTB wb nonBy ok. 60°/ t-bxt» ace boa^ m t. a. Bt> 
oômeMT» ajh cpeAHeft EBponw Ko-umecTBo boam, upoHHKaiomeft bt* 
noiBy, onpefl'feJiHeTCH B'b Va— Vw 

^ajrfee, coCBAHin ropbi h pa3jn*rabie ckjohli ropi» pa3HJiTCH 
Me«Ay coôok) OTHonieHieMi» norjiomeHiH kt> CTony: Ha HaTbipAar-fc 
hctohhhkh AaK)Tb 24, 2°/ (cyTOHHbifl pacxoA'b paBHaeTcn 2, 785 kb. 
C), Ha BaôyraH-B — 42°/o (7, 432 kb c). OBBepHbift ckjoh?» 4a- 
TupAara AOCTaBjiaeT'b 80%, joscHbift — 20°/ ; He to saM^aeTcn Ha 
BaÔyran'B, ta* hcto^hhkh ctoepHaro CKjiOHa a&k>to 38,5%, — iojk- 
Haro CKJiOHa — 61,5% ( 3 / 5 Bcero KO-HM^ecTBa aTMoccJepHbix'b— ocaA- 
kob'l). 

IIOCJrBAHee OÔCTOHTejbCTBO 06T»flCHfleTCH, no TOJIOBKHHCKOMy 

côpocaMH, CABMraMH, oiioji3hhmh, oÔBajaMii- BBjrenie, wacTo naôjiio- 
AaeMoe Ha lOJKHOMfb ckjoh'b flffljbi, ta* hctomhhkm BbixoAHT-b Ha no- 
BepxHOCTb np» BepxHeft rpaHHivk rjiHHMCTaro cjanua. Bt> qacTHo- 
cth, npocj). FojioBKMHCKift yKasbiBaerb Ha mcto i ihhk'b MaccaHApoB- 
CKaro BOAonpoBOAa, Kaia> Ha HaxoAHutfftCH nfo HanpaBjeHiio o^HOro 
M3T» CABHroBii; Ha UepKOBBbift hctowhmkt» — apyroro CABHra (10.3. 

tfJU K).) (*). 

yiiOMHHyToe cooTHouieHie Meway noBepxHocTHMMH, ncnapn- 

K)II^HMHCH H norJIOïU,aeMbIMH BOAaMH, HaXOAHCb B'b 3aBHCHMOCTH OTTb 

BpeMeHH h npocrpaHCTBa, roBopnrb npoTHB , b npeAnojiojKemfl, bm- 
CKa3biBaBiiiarocfl paH'fee o pasAlwieHia aTiioc<j)epiibix'b ocaAKOBt Ha 
Tpn paBHHH nacra. 



*>npo(|). JleBaKOBCKift bt> cBoefi CTaTè-fe: ^HapyjKHbia h noA3eMHbiH boaw bt> 
EnaTepHH. h TaBpHH. ry6epHiaxi>", roBopsi o6t» HCT0HHWKaxi> io>KHaro ôepera 
KpuMa, yKa3biBaeT'b Ha Haxo*AeHie SAfccb npoAOJibHbix-b CKJiaAOK'b oôycjio- 
bmbujhxi>, no ero MH'BHiio, BM-fecT-fe ci> nosAH'BAiiiHMH H3MtHeHJHMn , K»KHoe na- 
ACHi« njiacroB'b h oÔ'bflCHSiiOLiiHX'b oÔHJiie hctohhhkobt», hmchho, no îOKHyto 
CTopoHy . Kpnxca. MtcTaMH (ropa fleMepAJKH m apJ hctohhhkk ^biTeKaioT'b H3i» 
n/iacTOi-b cb ctaepHbiM-b naxeHieMi». 



_ 9 — 

OcTaHOBHMCH Tenepb Ha airrepecyiomeÈ Hacb ^acTH aTMoc- 
(J)epHbixi> ocaAKoeTj — Ha nomomaeMbixb BOAaxi>. 

ilpOHHKafl bi, noHBy, ohI? o6pa3yiOT r b ecmecmeennyw eAd-w- 
nocnih h tpynmo6yw eody. Bt> OTHOineHiH fo» nonionjeHiio boaw 
nopoAw Moryrb ôbiTb pasA'feJieHH Ha BOAonpoHHtjaeMWH h boaohc 
npoHHuaeMbifl (BOAoynopHbia). Ha stomt, cbohctb* nopoA'b npn« 

HHMaTb H 3aAep/KHBaTb»H3BfcCTHOe KOJIHqeCTBO BOAW OCHOBaHa T. H. 

ejiaio — hjih tsodoeMKocmh, no oTHoineniio m> KOTopoft nopOAW pa3- 
HHTCfl: hmt> CBoftCTBeHHa BJiaroeMKocrb Haïiôojibuiafl h HaHMeHbiuafl. 

TpyHTOBafl BOAa, o KOTOpofi ynoMHHyTo euuie, HB-naeTCfl bo- 
AOK), noniomaeMOK) noHBOio h oôpasyicmeio BOAOHocHHfi ropH30HTb 
bt> noAnoHB'fe hjih Ha nepBOMT» ott, noBepxiiocTH BOAOHecipoHHua- 
eMOMij cjio15. TjiyÔHHa 3a;ieraHifl rpyHTOBbix-b bcat* HaxoAHTCH bt» 
3aBHCHM0CTH ott> cBoftcTBa iiohbh h noAnoHBbi; bt> any^alj nenpo- 
HHuaeMocTH TOfî h Apyroâ, rpyHTOBHfl boaw npiypoHenw kt> ca- 
Mofi noBepxHOCTH, bt> Apyraxi* cjiynaflx r b — npn npoHHuaeMociH — 
ohI* npoHHKaioT'b ao rjryôHHM 10 h ôojrfee caHœHT». 

ÛTM'feTHM'b SA'feCb, HTO ypOBeHb rpyHTOBblX'b BOATï HaXOAHTCfl 

bt* cooTHomeHiu ch pejibec^oMT, wècthocth h OMepTaHieMT> boao- 
nenpoHHitaeMaro Jioafa, npn neMi» KOJie6ani« 3Toro ypoBHH oôyc- 
jiOBJieHH HepaBHOM'fepHbiMfb BwnaAeHieM'b aTMOcc|)epHwx , b ocaAKOBT», 

paCTHTeJIbHOCTbIO, BH'kllllIHMH BOAaMH (Kojieôanifl ypOBHH boaw Bl* 

p'feKax'b, osepaxij h np. OTpawaiorcH 11a ypoBiife rpyHTOBblX'b boat»). 

Bt> nacTHOCTH, &JM KpbiMa npeACTaBJiflerb ocoôeHHbift HHTe- 
pecb Bonpocb o BJiiflHin JifccHOfi pacTHTejibHOCTH Ha rpyHTOBWfl h 

nOA3eilHbIH BOAbl. 

ITo c^oBaMi» r. neAAanaca, BbipyÔKa Ji-fecoBi» okojio GeoAociH, 
Me>KAy CyAaKOMT, h AjiyuiTOH Ha fO.B-Mi, ckjioh* 4aTbipAara h 
npoH., no>Kapbi bt* OKpecTHOCTHX'b fljiTbi abjuhotch npH4HHaMH 
yMeHbiueniH boaw bt> ncTOHHHKax r b. BbiKopneBWBaHie Ji'feca oipa- 
M^aeTCfl Ha H3CflKaiiin HCTOHHHKOB-b cfeBepHaro h Bocromiaro ckjio- 
Ha ropbi Moraôn nain» 3to iioKa3biBaK)rb JlHBaAificnie hctohhhkh, 
^acTbio coBepuieHHo H3CflKuiie, nacTbio yMeHbiuHBOiiecfl 3a agcath- 
jilvrie bi> AecflTb pas'b.C*) 



*) rio MHtHiio npo<t>. HHOCTpaHueBa, ocKyaeHie hctohhhkobt> K»KHaro 
Ôepera KpbiMa oÔycjiOBJieHO MeTeopojiorHHecKWMH HBjieHiïiMH. HaôjnoaeHiH Hafl-b 
BbinaAeHieMi> aTMOc<))epHbixi> ocaflKOB*b bi> KpbiMy ^CeBacTonojib, CHM^epono^b, 
Marapanb h H;iTa) npHBejiM ero, Kani> ohi> roBopnrb, ki> 3aK^K)HeHiio, mto 



- 10 - 

Orojieme Hôjih, no cjioBaM'B IleAAaKaca, oôycjioBJieHo TaioKe 
BwpyÔKOK) jrfeca a-kh aaroHa CKOTa; yHH4T0JKeme ocTaTKOBt jrfcca» 
3a npeflisjiaMH oxpaHHOH nojrocbj, npoHCxoAurb h Teuepb. ByAy4H 
He 3aAGp>KHBaeMH jrfccoM r b, aTMOC(})epHHH boam npH npojraBHbix r b 
AOJKAflXb h TaflHÎH CH'feroB'L nanpaBjmioTca bt> Mope, ÔJiarOAapn 
qeMy noTOKH h HaBOAHema bt> KpwMy CTaHOBHTca Bce 4ame h 
nanje HaÔJiiOAaeMbiM'b flBJienieM'b. 

rieAAaKacL yKa3biBaeTL, m. np., Ha pn. Reuepnmn okojto 
AjiyuiTH, no KOTopoft bt* CeHTflôp'b 1899 roAa Hecca noToirb bwc. 
bt> 2 ca>K.. o6pa30BaBiuiH np« ycrb't nojiyocTpoB'b. 

ToBopa, AaJi'fee, o tomt> me orojiemH Hôjih,(*) r. HeAAaKacb 
yKasbmaerb na Hero, KaKi> Ha npH4HHy KOJieôaHia boah bt> hcto4- 
HHKaxiD y^ancy n Ap.; npncyTCTBie jrfeca Ha flHjrfe cnocoôcTBOBajio 
6h no ero mh^huo, TOMy, hto 3hmok> CH'fera coôapajiocb 6h sji±ch 
ôojrfee, TaflHie ero ôhjio uh MejxJieHwbe, BOAa nponHTHBajia Cw 
3eMJiio ôojibuie h rjiyf»Ke — HCT04HHKH 6biJiH 6bi ôorane boaoio. He 
3aAep>KHBaeMbiH jrfecoM'i,, KaKb ywe cna3aH0 Bbime, AOîKA^Bbin boah, 

KaKT> H CH'ferOBblH, HanpaBJIHJOTCH TaKHtë ÔbICTpO KT> MOpK). 

SaM'feTHM'b 3AlSCb, 4TO pa3CMaTpHBaeMHH HBJiemfl CTOflTb BTj 

CBA3H Cb HaôjiiOAaBuiHMHCfl jrfeTOMT» iiponuiaro roAa bt> fljrrfc: n 
roBopro SA'fecb o HaBOAHeHin, nocTHruieM-b ropoAT* 28 — 29 Iiohh h 
19 Iiojih 190G roAa. HepBoe HaBOAHeHie Ha HlsKoropbix'b yjiHuaxi, 
ropoAa o6pa30Bajio HaHocHbin cjiofi na-b rviHHbi h KaMHew bhc. ao 
IVa apuj. Ha ApyrHXT> yjraiiiax'b h Ha xuocce pasMHJio nojioTHo; 
nocTpaAaJin TaKîKe oropoAbi h njianTanŒ. floTOK-b, Hecniiftca no 



SÏHJia 5iBJi55eTC5i 3aflep>KHBaTejieM , b BjiarH, npHHOcwMOH c-b Mopa nacTbiMH 

3fl^Cb K)>KHbIMH H 101*0 — BOCTOHHblMH BtTpaMH. TaKOe pa3pfl>KeHie npOHCXOflHT-b 

to Ha c^Bept, to Ha K»KHOM-b ckjioh-b KpbiMCKHxt rop-b-, HBjieHie 3to — cnynaH- 
Hoe, npexoflnmee. 

*) T. LLIyrypoB*b bi> CTaTbt cboch: „K-b Bonpocy o 6e3JiiceHiH KpbiM- 
ckoh fiPinhL*' ocTaHaBjiHBaeTCH noflpoÔHO Ha pa3CM0Tp-BHiH THnoTesi» o npHHw- 
Haxt 6e3nfeceHifi Hftjibi, yKasbiBaeMwx-b pa3JiHHHbiMH H3cn , Bfl0BaTe.n5ïMH, Meway 
npoHHM*b, h Ha AfeHTejibHOCTH nacywarocfl Ha fitink CKOTa (o6rpu3aHie mo^o- 
auxi> aepeBbeB-b); Ha npeflnojio>KeHiH. hto HHJia 6biJia nonpbiTa npewae Jit- 

CaMH, BbipyÔJieHHblMH BnOC^tflCTBiH HenOB-BKOM-b, BOCnOJlb30B3BIlIHMC» 5ÎHJIOK) 

Ajih nacTbôbi CKOTa. Pojib ne/iOB'BKa B-b atiit yHHHTOMteHÎH ^tcoB-b 5îh^h no 
MHfeHiio IIIyrypoBa — BTopocTeneHHaîï: npnHHHa ôesji'feceHiîi Hh^h — HB^eHin 
BTopHHHaro — KpoeTCH, no ero cnoBaM'b, B*b xapanTepHuxi» ocoôeHHOCTJix'b 
reojiorHnecKaro CTpoeHia fÎHjibi, Ha3biBaeM0H IUyrypoBbiM'b HaropHOio Kapcro- 

BOK) paBHHHOK). 



— 11 — 

pn. VqaHcy, 3aT0irajn> ABopw aomobt» bt» BepxHeMt TeneiuH; npn 
ycTb'fe en o6pa30BaJicn uojiyocTpoBt. 

Bi> HaBonHeHie 19 Itojifl nocTpaAaJia ciapaa i iacTb ropo^a, a 
TaKHœ AepeBHH /iepeKOH h Aw-BacHJib; ypoeeHb boam Ha Byjib- 

BapHOH yjIHUli AOCTHiaJTb H^K. BpeMfl AO 1 Ca>K. BblCOTW. Bmjih h 

qeJiOB'fcHecKifl HcepTBU. 

HSM^HeHÎfl ypOBIIfl rpyHTOBHX'b BO/Vb, B'b CMblCJTÈ noHHH^eHm 

nocji-feAHfiro, ctohttï, Aajrèe, bt> cbash ci> ycTpoficTBOMT* HCKyc- 
OTBeHHwx r b coopy>KeHiw (BOAonpoBOAbi). Taia>, B'b CeBacronojrfe, rjx'h 
BOAonpoBOA r b H3 r b rpyHTOBbixi» BOA'b AaBaji r b cna^ajia ao 80,000 BeA 
B'b cyTKH, OH r b crajib AocTaB^HTb npe;^ H'fecK. jrferb ok. 12,000 
BeA- 4to uofiyAHJio K r i> nepecrpoËK'fe h Aono;iHHTejibHOMy BOAOCHa6- 
meu'm. 

lÏ0Jlb30Banie rpyHTOBOK) BOAOKJ CBH3aH0 C'b yCTpOHCTBOM'b 

KaiïajiH3auiji; u/ÈJib en — cnocoôcTBOBarb yMeubmeuiio hjih yHHHTO- 
>KOHiio t. h. BpoAOHOCuaro cjioh, 06pa3y10maroo.fi BCJrfeACTBie npo- 
HHKawia bi> noMBy, BM'fecrfc c r b aTMOC(j>epHbiMH BOAaMH, neMHCTorb 

H IipOAyKTOB r b IHieHiH paCTHTeJIbHWX'b OCTaTKOfTb. 

06pa3yK)iu;iecR 3A r fecb Mia3Mbi cnocoocTByiOT'b- pa3BHTiio anHAe- 

MH l ieCKHXb 60Jll33He«; AaTb B03MO/KHOCTb CTOKa H0MHCTOTaMT> H 

cocTaBJiaerb 3a;i,aMy KaHa;iM3auiH. OrcioAa-To 3Ha4enie, KOTopoe 
HMljerb KaHajiH3aum in> rHrieHHMecKOM'b oTiioiueniH. 

EjiaroAapn wfecTHOMy 3arpH3HeHiK), oojibineMy hjih AtenbineMy 
coAepn<aHiio co;iefi, rpyirroBbiH boa«>i iipeACTaBJiHforb 3HaHHTeJibHoe 
pa3HOo6pa3ie B'b CBoeMb cociaB-fe; Haa6o;rl>e MHCTbiMH hbjihiotch 
OH'fe B'b necKax-b. 

Kam> y>Ke CKa3aH0 Bbiiue, rpyHroBbin boam îipeACTaBJJHiOT'b 

BepXHÎft ropH30HT r b nOA3eMHbIX r b BOA'b, IipOHHKaK)mHX r b, npH H3B"feCT- 

Hbixi, ycJiOBifixb cocTasa h ciiocoôa 3aJieraHi>i nopoA'b, ropa3AO 
rjiy6>ne, npn qeMi* boabi 3th ckohjihiotch bt> BOAOïipoHHnaeMbix-b nopo- 
Aax r b, ^epeAyïoinHXCH o/b BOAoynopHbiMH, o6pa3ya bi, nepaux-b bo- 
AflHbie cjioh. Bb nopoAax-b BOAOHeiipoHnuacMbix'b, ho mioTHbiX'b, 

IIOA3eMHblH BOAW HBJIHIOTCH B'b BHA'fc BOAHHblX'b HCHJrb; llJIOTHblM'b 
H OAHOpOAHHM-b UOpOAaM'b CBOHCTBeHHa IOpHaH BJia>KHOCTb. IlpH 
H3B-feCTHbIXTï yCJIOBiHX'b HOA3CMHbJH BOAbl CHOBa B03BpamaK)TCH 

Ha seMHyio noBepxHOCTb B'b bha* noTOKOBb, HasbiBaeMwx-b ucmov- 

HUKCLMa. 




llUlUUllut 



|'»r[."n 1. 1 ■ | i | i l 



— 12 — 

T&CÉRH CBH3b nÔCJI'ÈAHHX^ CL aTMOCC^epHblMH ocaflKaMrt— 

iipoHCXOHCAeme hctohhhkob-l h3t> 3Tnxt ocaAKOBi>— bt> rpoMaAHOM-b 
ÔojibniHHCTB* cjiyqaeBHb MOHferb cqHTaTbcn BnojiH'fe ycTaHOBjieHHoio, 
xoth, noBHAHMOMy, bt> H'feK. cjiy^iaflxi, HM-feert M-fecTo h Apyrofi 
cnocoôt o6pa30Bamfl . hctohhhkobi>, Ha kotophh yKasbiBaerb Bt 
CBoeft TtLUOTe3 , h 0. <I>eJibrep , b. Ilo ero MH^Hiio, noA3eMm>iH boam 
HHTaiOTCfl boaoïï, nojiynaiomeËcfl BCJi'feACTBie oxjia>KAeHifl B03Ayxa, 
coAepjKamaro BOAHHbie napu Ha iviyÔHH'fe, TaK-b KaK'b no4Ba 3A^cb 
xojiOAH'be B03Ayxa. Bt> 9tom.t> oraoïueHiH mh Haci> npecTaBJiHicrrL 
HHTepecb onHTH npo(J). TojiOBKHHCKaro(*) npoAOJi>KeHHb;e r. Tien- 
AaKacoMt, roBopfliuie bt» noJib3y o6pa30BaHifl BOAbi bt> ho^bIs, no- 

MHMO aTMOC(|)epiIbIX'b OCaAKOB'L BT> >K0AKOM r b HJ1H TBepAOMT, COCTO- 
HHÎH, H3T> BOAHHHX'b napOET^, npOHHKaK)IHHX r L BM'feCT'fe CT> B03- 

flyxoin» npw 6jiaronpiflTHbiXT> ycjiOBiflx-b bt* noqBy. TaKOBOft npo- 
Ueccb B03M0H«eH , b, naira» noKa3ajiH 9th onbiTbi, bt, ji'feTiiie Arfecaubi, 
Torfla KaKi> ocenbio h 3hmoô HM'feerb M'fecTO oôpasoBaHie boaw Ha 
cnerb aTMOc*epiiHX , b OCaAKOB'L. KaKi> npuM'fep'b nponcxojKAeHifr 

HCTOTOHKOB'b laCTbK) BCJTfeACTBÎe BOAH OTT> „nOA3eMHOH pOCbl* (Tep- 

mhhi> npocj). TojioBKHHCKaro), yKa3biBaioTCfl npAAaKacoM-b hctohhhkh, 
BHTeKaiomie h3t> — noAT> oôpwBa Hhjim, h jrfeTHie hctohhhkh Ha 
caMOfi flfijrfe (nocjrfeAHie — HCKJHOHHTeJibHO 'Ha cneTi> „noA3eMHOH 
pocw •).(**) 

ynOMflHyTaff BHUie CBfl3b HCTOHHHKOB'L CT, aTMOC(}jepHbIMH 

ocaAKaMH A0Ka3i»iBaeTCfl rfeM-b oôcTOflTejibCTBOMTb, hto 6oji r he oôwib- 

HHe HCTOHHHKH npiypOHeHH KT> M'feCTHOCTflMT, CL ÔOJIblHHM'L KOJIH- 

HecTBOMT> aTMOC^epHMXT. ocaAKOBT», npn ycjiOBiflxi, Jiy4uiaro nor- 
JiomeHÎH nocjii'AHHX'b. 

IIOflBflflHCb Ha pa3JIHHH0ÏÏ BblCOTfe, HCTOHHHKH BbICTynaK)T r b 

Ha 3eMHyio noBepxHOCTb no CKjiOHaM'b ropi., aojihh-l, oBparoBT>, bt* 
6oJiOTax , b, osepa-x'b, Ha ah* atopeft. Pa3JiiiHaK)T , L ab* rpynnw: nue* 
xodniyie h eocxodHiiçie ucmoHHHKu. 



*) OnuTbi ci» flowAeBbiMH AOJKfleM-fepaMH npHBejiH npotfc. TojiOBKHHCKaro 

Kl» BbIBOAy, HTO ,,Mbl HMteMl» R^HO He Cb npOCaHHBaHieWb nOBepXHOCTHblX-b 

ocaAKOBt bi> nowBy, a ci» o6pa30BaHieM-b hxi> bi> noHBt". 

**) Ilo MH'BHÎIO npO(}). HHOCTpaHUeBa, npOHCXOJKfleHÎe HCTOHHHKOB*b FOJK- 

Haro 6epera KpbiMa CB5!3aHO ci> Haxo^fleHieM-b 3anaca boau Ha 51&jit, bt, npo- 
Bajiaxi» h TpemHHax*b lopcnaro H3BecTH5îKa, bi> bha'b cKonjieHiA CHtra h 03epi>, 
Ha cnerb BunaAaiomHX'b SA^cb aTMOC^epHuxi} ocaflKOB-b. B-b nojib3y Tanoro 
npeAnojiojKeHia roBopHTT>, no HHOCTpaHueBy, Tanwe «ecTKocTb boau 3fltm- 

HHX-b HCTOHHHKOB'b, COAepXCaïUHXl» ÔOJIblIJOff 3anaCb KHC^OH yrjie-H3BeCTK0B0Jl 
C0J1H. 



— 13 — 

IlepBHe npHHaAJiewarb kt> Hanôojrfee paciipocTpaHeHHWMt 
HCT04HHKaMi>, hmt> cBOHCTBeHHo oTcyTCTBie Hanopa, CTeKame no 

yKJIOHy, OHH OTKpHBaHDTCfl HCKyCCTBCHHO B'b HpOCTHX'b KOJIOAUaXT>. 
BocXOflHmie HCT04HHKH BCTp'feqaiOTCfl p*H«e, OTJlHHaiOTCfl 

ôojifee hjih MeH'fee 3Ha4HTe^bHHMi» HanopoMi>, h3b13CTHM cpe^H 
MaccHBHbix-L h ocaAOHHHX'b nopoA'b* fljifl nojiyqeHifl 3thxt> boa*, 
ôbiomaxiD Hep'feAKO btj bra*— (jwHiaHa, HeoôxoAHMbi: MyjibAooô- 
pasHoe naorHyrie nf acTOBb h 3aJierame BOAOHOciiaro cjioh MencAy 
BOAOHeupoHHuaeMHMH cjiohmh. IloAOÔHaro poAa kojioauh Ha3biBa- 
îoTca npme3iaucKUMU. 

HacxoAflmie hctohhhkh noApasA'kJifliOTCfl, wh cboio onepeAi», 
na nJMxcmoem, Konuio&uHHbie h mpeutUHHwe ucmouuuKu. 

HepBwe cji'feAyroT'b yKJIOHy iuiacTOBT,, BTopwe BbiTeKaiorb hbt> 

CKOIIJieHifi BOAH BT> KOTJIOBHH006pa3HOM r b H30rHyTiH IlJiaCTOB'b H, 

iiaKOHeu-b, Tpem,HHHbie hctohhhkh HaxoAHTb ceô'fe BbixoA'b no Tpe- 

LUHH-fe B'b BOAOlipOHHUaeMOM'b CJIO'fe. HïîCXOAflmie HCTOHHHKH HBJIH- 
K3TCH MfeCTaMH B'b H'ÈCK. ropH30HTaXT>; KOJIHHeCTBO BOAH BT> HHX1> 

noABep>KeHO 3Ha i iHTejibHOMy KOJieôaHiio, 3aBHcnmeMy orb bojihhhhh 
nJiomaAH iiHTaHia HcroqHHKa ocaAKaMH, moiijhocth, cboôctbi» h 
rjiyôHHbi aajieraHifl BOAOHOCHaro cjioh, ho rjiaBH'feHUie — orb otho- 
iuchîh BejinqHHw BwnycKHMX'b KaHaJiofii) Kb oômeaiy roAOBOMy ko- 
jiHqecTBy. norJiomeHHOË boam. 

BoCXOAHmÎH HCTOHHHKH, HaCTb KOTOpHX'b OTJIHHaiOmaHCH BK- 

coKofi TeMiiepaTypoË, HocHrb Ha3BaHie îeu3ep06z y noApa3A , fcJiHK)TCH 
na rnpeuiuHHbie hjih JiciuibHue, ruMcmoeue h np. 

HcKyCCTBeHHO OTpbITbie HCTOHHHKH Ha3bIBaiOTCH tipOCtUtAMU H 

apmesiaucKUMu KOJoduaMU. IlepBbie no jpas/vkJiaiOTCH Ha cpyôoBwe 
hjih HMHbic, KaMeHHbie, aôeccHHCKie (npHAi^HneTCH 3aÔHBaHie hjih 
3aBHH»iHBaiiie) h TpyônaTwe (ôypeme) kojioaum. OcoôeHHbift HHTe- 
peci» iipeACTaB.iHiorb apTe3iaHCKie kojioaub^ KOToptixi» BOAa no- 
.'lynaoTca îiyTem» ôypeHia, Aocraraiomaro HHorAa rjiyÔHHu ôojrfee 
2000 MeTp. Ha3BaHÎe CBoe KOJioaiJbi 3th nojiyqHJiH orb c|)paHuy3- 
ckoîï npoBHnuiH Apiya, lyrfc Gypeme cTaJio npniirfeHHTbCH ct> 12-ro 
cTOJi'feTiH. ApTe3iaHCKie boah noA^HHeHbi saKOHy cooônjaiomHXCH 

COCyAOB'b HJIH TpyÔOK-b, 110 KOTOpOMy BOAa CTpeMHTCH 3aHHTb OAH- 

îiaKOBbin yj)OBeHb bt> oô-feHx-b TpyÔKaxi». BwcoTa 4>OHTaHa rfem» 
GojibiuaH H'feM-b pa3HHMa B-b ypoBHHX^ MtcTa HCTeneHia h oÔJiacTH 
uHTaHia HCTOHHHKa 604buiaa. 



-, w __> ï .îîppîîpîpf î wr|rnr tytxt"y i i 



— 14 — 

Hjih nojiyqeHifl apTesiaHCKHXt BOA'b HeoÔxoAHMM HSB'fecTHbiH 
ycjiOBirt reojionmecKaro (vrpoeiiifl m^cthocth, a HMeimo: 1) npncyr- 
CTBie cpeAH ocaAO'itibix'b tiopôjp* BOAoïiponHnaeMbix'b h BOAoHeupo- 
HHuaeMuxi> ruiacTOBiD h aajieraHic nepBbix-b cpeAH no(.vrbAHHX r b; 2) 
KoTJioBHHOo6pa3iioe naorHyTie oioeB-b h;ih HaKJioH'b mxl B'h ojny 
cropoHy, HHorAa ropH30HTajibHoe uojiOttceHie cioeB'b -y iioaoiubu 
ropBi. cjio>KeHHbix r b hst, iipHnoAHHTbix-b njiacTOBb. Bo Bcbxii othxi> 
ejiyqaHXTb B'fepoflTHOCTb iiojiyneHiH apTeaiancKOHpBOAbi mo/kho oupe- 
A^JiHTb aapairke poBiio KaKi> pacMHTaTb npH6jM3HTejibHO rjiyôHHy 3a- 
jieraniH en m BbiôpaTb nyHKTbi wn 3a.no>KeHiH OypoBbixT, cKBajKHirb; 
3) cpeAH MaccHBHbixi» nopoA'b apTesiaHCKaa BO/ia Bioraerb Bi-Tp'fc- 
THTbcfi TaKîKe, OAHaKo B-fepoflïHOCTb ;)Ta TpyAH'fee noAAaeTCH npe;ina- 
pHTe.ibHOMy pacqeTy; 4) 6ojrfet> ôjiaronpiflTHbiH ycjiOBin mh no.iy i ie- 
hi'h apTe3iaHCK0Ë boam hm^jotch, B-b AOJHnax r b. oKpy>neiiiibix r b ropa- 

MH a nOJIOrMMH CKJIOHaMH. 

Kam* yîKe ynoMBHyTO Bbiuie, apTesiancnie boah ôbiorb ctta- 
l iajia cJîOHTaiiOM^, neaiy cnocoôcTByicrb Bb]ji'bmi\oiu,\ecB raabi: bo3- 
Ayx-i , yrojibHafl KHCJiOTa, c r b Te^ieHÎeMi» BpuMeHH naiiop'b boau 
CTaHOBHTCH cjiaô'fee h bi, hIsk. cjiy i iaHx r b ypoBeHb boaw b^ cKBa- 
mawh craHOBHTCH Hn>Ke ea ycTbH. BM-feerk cb sTHM-b, yMenb- 
uiaeTCH KOJiHHecTBo BOAbi (Aeônrb) B-b apTeaiaHCKHxi» KOJioAuax r b, 
hto oô'bHCHaeTCH KaKi> ocBo6o>KAeHieMi» ciiepTbix r b ra30B*b, Tam> 
h BJiifluieM'b, oÔHapyttŒBaeMbiM'b Ha cKBa>KHiiy coc1>ahhmh cKBa>KH- 
HaMH- ITocji'feAHiH noHH>KnioT r b AaBJiftHie ncevi boahhom Mnecw h 
yMeHbinaio'rb B3aHMHbifi Ae6ïrn> cKBa>Knn r b. TaK r i, m> cTeimoft Mac- 
th KpbiMa. ôjiaroA^pa yBejiHHeiiiio MHCjra KojiOAUeBi,, rnrraiomHXCH 
.03^ capinaTCKHXi, nopoA'b, oftinin nefiuvh KOJiOAueB-b 3HaHHTejibH0 
yMeHbmFLacH, bi, BHAy nero ao^whh 6bïTb npHHHTbi (BoeBpeMeHHO 
M'fepbi kt> TOMy, qToôbi BocupenHTCTBOBaTb yMeHbuieHiio, a ço Bpe- 

MeHGM'b H H'dCHKailifl HiSK. KOJIOAHeBl.. K'b HHCJIV aTHX'b M'fepi» 

othochtch*. 1) hhcjio KO^OAUeB'b aoji>kho ôbiTb orpaunneiio pa3Mli - 
paMH ôacceôHa h MOiuHOCTbK) ero; 2) pacxoA'b boam jxojiwen-h npo- 

H3BOA0TbCfl no M'fep'fe HaAOÔHOCTH: B r b CaMOHCTeKaiOLUHX'b kojioa- 

uaxi> — nocji'feAHie cji'feAyeTb 3anpbiBaTb. 

Btj Aono.iHeHÎe kt. cKasaHHOMy, ny>KHo eine AoOaBHTb, mt© ap r re- 
3iaiicKiH BOAbi u^tsliotch osopaMH h p-fenaMH, npoHKKan ci> noBepx- 
hocth no noA3eMHbiM r b KanajiaM'b. Bthmi, mo>kho o6i,HCHHTb naxo>KAe- 
Hie bt> H'feK. cjiynaflx'b B'b ap're»iaHCKHxi> Ko^OAUax^ cTeôjieË h KopHefl 
pacTemâ, paKOBHH r b, phôokl h npoq. ApTeaiaHcnie ko^oauh cjiywarb 



- 15 — 

He tojibko pa nojiyqeHÎfl boah, ho h Hecfvra h ap., HHorfla hjih 
ocyuieHifl M'fecTHOCTH (ompufj^ameJihHbie hjih noiM>U4aioutie KOAodubï). 
TaKOBoe ocymeHie bo3mo;kho 5 ecjin bt* AaHHOH m^cthocth noAT> 
BO^OHenpoHMuaeMBiMH nopoaaMH aajieraKyrb BOAonponycKaiomie 
cjioh. 

ApTeaiaHCKifl boah ynoTpèôJiaiOTCH wh KanecTB'fe nHTbeBbixt 

bou^, a TaKHte cayacarL Ram* ABHraTejib ajih npHBeAema m> abh- 
HteHie pa3JiH4Hbix r b MexararaMOB-b Ha (J)a6pHKaxT> h aaBoaax'b h np.; 
M fi opomema caAOB'b h Apv mu npHroTOBJiemH renjiHx-b BaHH'L 
h t. Av cjiobomt>, HM-feioTt ôojibiuoe 3Ha*ïeHie a-kh nejioB'feKa. Kant 
noKasbiBaerb Hcropia apTe3iaHCKaro ôypeHia, npHwfeHeme nocji-feA" 
Haro et u.'fejibio nojiyqeHia apTe3iaHCKoft boah othochtch kt> Becb- 
Ma OTAaJieHHMM'b BpeMeHaMT> B-b ncropin qejiOB'feHecTBa hôo 6y- 
peme 3to ôhjio H3B-fecTHO eme AP^BHHM'b KHTaHuaMT», erHnTflHaM-b, 
>KHTejiHM , b AôHCCHHiH, Caxapbi h AP« Ci> 1855 roAa oho CTaJio 
npHM'feHHTbCH Bi) Ajinmp'fe rA* bt* 1890 r. cymecTBOBajio ynœ 625 
KOJioAueB'b cb AeÔHTOMTb btî 240,000 jihtpob'b bt> MHHyTy. Bjiaro- 
Aapn nojiyHeHiic apTe3iaHCKOti boah, Hacejieme yBeJiHHHJiocb Bt 

H'feKOTOpblX'b Oa3HCaX r b BABOe, CTaJIH B03HHKaTb HOBHe 0a3HCW. 

Bt> ^acTHocTH, y Hacb bt, Poccia apTe3iaHCKoe ôypeme, npa- 
M'feHflBuieeca eme bt> XVI cTOJilniH bt> HoBropoACKOfi h IlepMCKOfi 
ry6epHiflXT> rjipl nojiyneHi» coJiflHHx r b pa3COJioB , b, e/rajio pacnpoCTpa- 
HHTbCH, Ha^HHaH cb TpHAn;aTHx , b roAOBT> XIX CTOjrfeTia. IlepBbie 
apTeaiaHCKie KOJiOAiiib] ajih nojiyneHiH boah aaJio>KeHbi ôhjih bt* 
C.-TïeTep6yprfe bt> 1861 rOAy, bt> MocKB'fe bt» 1867 r. Ha iorfe 
Poccin, ta* noTpeôHocTb bt* apTesiaHCKofi boa* ocoôeHHO omyra- 
TejibHa, ôojibiuoe pacnpocTpaHeHie: Tam> bt> oahoô TaBpnHecKoË 
ryôepHia hhcjio KOJioAijeB'b npeBHiuaeT'b 200. Heôes-bHHTepecHO 
npHBecTH 3Al3Cb rjiaBH'feôHiia nojioHœHifl, kt> Ko , ropbiM , b npHinejrb, 

Ha OCHOBaHiH CBOHX'b »3CJI r feAOBaHiH, T. HHKHTHH'b, a HMeHHO: 

1) Ha rjiaBHbix'b BOAopa3A'feJiax r b H'ferb ocHOBanin nojiynHTb 
ap r re3iaHCKyio BOAy. 

2) HaHÔojrfee ya^Hbie ôypoBbia CKBawHHti npiypoqem>i kt> 

P'feMHHM'b AOJIHHaM-b. 

*3) Ha poBHbix-b TiJiomaAflX'b ôoji'fee 70 ca>K. HaA^ yposHeMi, 
Mopn H'feT'b HaAOÔHOCTH nojiyHHTb caMOHCTenaiomyio BOAy. 

4) Eo.ibiueio Macrbio CKBantHHbi noAHHMaiorb BOAy na bhcotv 
;3Ha^HTejy3HO HH>Ke 10 caw. naA'b ypoBHeM-b iviaBHoft p^KH Aan- 

HOË M^CTHOCTH ( lOrO-BOCTOHHaH H IOH<HaH PoCCifl.) 




I 



— 16 — 

ApTe3ÎaHCKifl BOflU, HOHBJIHIOmiflCH M'feCTaMH B'b H'fcCKO./IbKHX'b 

ropH30HTax-b, oT^HqaioTCfl cbohmh nanecTBaMH, npn nearb ôojib- 
niin: M^ecTKOCTb h conepwame cojiefi npncymH TJiyôme 3aaeraio- 

UJUM-b BOAaWb. 

OcTaHOBHMca Tenepb Ha apTe3iaHCKHX , b BOAaxt KaK-b Ha npeA- 
CTaBjiaiomHX'b hjih Hac-b ocoôeHHbift HHTepecb. Bt> bhay nocjrfcA- 
Hflro, npHBe^eMT> 3Al5Cb H'feKOTopufl flaHHHH H3i> paôoTU npocf). 
rojioBKHHCKaro „0 coBpeMeHHOMT> noJio>KeHiH apTe3iaHCKaro jifbna. 
bt, TaBpnnecKoft ryôepHÎH". 

ApTe3iaHCKia boam nocjrfcAHefi nojiynaiOTCfl h3t> noHTinec- 
Karo h capMaTCKaro ropH30HTa, bo3MO>kho pa3CHHTMBaTb nojiy- 

HHTb HXT> ^3^ M'fejIOBblX'b nJiaCTOBT>, HO nOCJrfcflHHX'b lie flOCTHrJia 

Aanœ caMan rjiyôoKaa H3-b cKBajKHHT, 3a:io>KeHHafi y Aep. A&ôap'b, 
bt> 60 b. K-b C. on> CnM(|)eponoJiH, rjiyô. 373 l / 2 ca>K. 

Han6o.Tfee fijiaronpiflTHbiMH B r b OTHOiueHiH uojiy i ieHifl apTe- 
3iaHCKoû boam npe^cTaBJiRiOTCfl M'fecTHOCTb ht* lory 0Tb CHBaïua h 
eBnaTopiôcKan HH3MeHH0CTb. H3T» 264 KOJiOAUeBT> B'b TaBpnqecKOfi 
ryôepHÎH 100 npHHaAJieîKaTi. kt> H3JiHBaic»mHM r b Ha noBepxHOCTb, 
89— m* CKBajKHHaM-b ci, ypoBHenrb boam ne rjiy6>Ke 10ca>K., 11 — 
rjiy6>Ke 10 ca>K. h 14 — kt> ôesBOAHMan, CKBaîKHHaM'b; o 50 cKBa- 
Huraax'b He HM'feeTCH onpeA'feJieHHbix-b CBisA'fcHiH. Ilo y^AaMi» cKBa- 
WHHM pacnpea'feJiflioTffl: btd JÏH'fenpoBCKOM'b yfe3A'fe 18 ckb., B'b Me- 
jiHTonojibCKOMiD ôljB'b EepAflHCKOM'b — 25, bi, EBnaTopiâcKOM'b — 34, 
B'b IlepeKoncKOM'b — 82, B'b GeoAOcifiOKOM'b — 22 h bt> CnM(f)epo- 
nojibCKOM-b yhwb—22. Eh» fljiTHHCKOM'b y^A* 3ajio>KeHM ômjih 
AB'fe CKBaHtaHbi: B'b ApreK'fe n noAi» Aep. UlyMa — o(rfe 6e3BOAHbifl. 

IlpoH3BOAHTeJibH()CTb CKBawHH'b (n3JiHBaH)mittca na noHepx- 
HOCTb h He rjiyÔHce 10 caw.), U P H oômeft rayônn* nx r b B'b 8238 

CBW. H CTOHMOCTH B'b 314,402 p. (cpeAHHH CTOHMOCTb 1 CaTKCHH 

39 p. 22 k.), onpeA'bJHeTca B r b 2, 875, 472 seApa (eyTonuoe ko- 
jHqecTBo boam). 

CTOHMOCTb 6e3BOABbix r b CKBajKHHt on. 200,000 pyô. TaK. 
oôpaaoMb ôypcuie b»b TaBpHiecKoiî ryôepuni oôouijocb okojo 
nojyMHJjiioHa pyôjiefi. 

Kuk?» ywe CKa3aHo Bbiuie, ci» yBCiH'ieHÎeM'b MHCJia apTe3i- 

aHCKHXt KOJOAUeB'b KOJH^eCTBO BOA" B'b HHX'b C0 BpeiieHCM'b 

yMeHbuiaeTCfl. 3to HOATBepiKAaeTCH Ha KOJiOAuaxi» TaBpnqecKoil 
ryôepHia. Tairb, B'b nepnoît CKBaacHU'b CaKCKoA 3eMCKoé rpaae- 



— 17 — 

jieqeÔHHuu, no chobûmi» TojiOBKHHCKaro, bt> 1890 ro*y Hanop* 
boau HaA^ noBepxflocTBH) noHBU 6ujh> onpeA'feJieH'b b*b0,65 ca». 
Tor^a Ka-Ki» bt> 1895 r. oht> paBflflJica 0,47 caw. Hto uacaéTca 
npHTOKa boam Ha bucot* 0,55 ca»., to bt> 1890 r. oh"b 6ujn> 
paBeHT> 18,825 BeAp.. bt> 1891 r. 18*439 B6Ap., a bt> OKTaôpfc 
1895 roAa 3,200 Be^p., npa qeirB BpeueHaMH obt» npexpaniajCH 

BOBCe. 

^pyrHMi) npHM'fepoM'b, AOKaswBaiomHM'b yMeHbnieeie kojui- 
qecTBa boam bt> CKBaafHeaxi>, nioserB cjyîKHTt KOJOAeiVB bt» Eb- 
naTopin, Ha napOBoiï aiejibHHivfc ,3,yBaHa, ta* bt> 1893 r. Hanopa 
npeBOcxoAHJi r b 0,30 caac. HaAi> noBepxHocTUO 3eMJiH, a npHTOKi» 
boam Ha Bbicorfc 0,15 caat. onpejfrjinjiCH Bt 12,000 bca., Me*jy 

TfeM'B KaKTb BT> 1895 T. HaHO T» H npHTOKT» npH HOBepXHOCTH 

paBHHjiHCb O. To îKe 3aM*qaeTCH h bt» ap- KOJiOAH.ax'B. 

IlpnqHHaMH, oôycJOBJHBaiomHMH BBiuieyaoMflHyru» HBjeHig 
bt> apTe3iaHCKHXT> KOiOAuaxTi TaBpnqecKoft ryôepHin, hbjhiotch, 
no MH'bHiio npo&. roJOBKHHCKaro: 1) H3MfeHeHie aTMoe^epaaro 
AaBJieaia; 2) HapyiueHÎe h nocTenenHoe B03CTaHOBJieHie paBHOBfe- 
cia Mea?Ay iipHX0A0&n> h pacxoAOMT» apTe3iaHCKOH boam; 3) B3a- 
HMHoe BJiiaHie cTapuxi» h hobux'b CKBaacnm>. TojioBKHHCBiii no* 
jaraeTB, 4to bt> aahhom'b cayqab p-feqb HAôn» He o6t> HCTomeflin 
KOJiOAueBTb, hôo nojiyqaeMaa hst* hhxi» BOAa (ok. 3,000,000 Ky6. 
cas. bt> toa'b) cocTaBjiaeTi> jmmb ok. V1043 Bcero KOjrnqecTBa aT- 
MOC4»epHbixi> oca^KOBt, BunaAaH>mHxi> Ha njiomaAt TaBpHqecKoft 
ryôepHia (1,428 m. k. c). HaromOHie Moacerb HacTynHTB, roBO- 
Phtt> npo*. TojiOBRHHCisiH, Bbipa3HBuiHCL y MeHbiueHieMi» Hanopa 
Ha CTOJbKo, qro MHorie KOjiOAUbi Hejib3H ôyAen» 9K£njyaTHpo- 
BaTb. M/fcpoio, Horymeio, no ero Mateiio, caocoôcTBOBaTB yfiejiu- 
qeHiio npoH3BOAHTejibHOCTH CKBaauiu'b, ôbijio 6li yBejHqeHie aî- 
aiieTpa bocji , êahhxt> hjih sajoateHie hobmxt> CKBasHHi> ôojtbmaro 
AiaweTpa. Kairc» Aa^bH^ftiuia M*pw n&n ynopaAoqeHÎa A*aa apTe- 
3iaHCKaro ôypeHÎa b-b TaBpHqecBoft ryÔepHÎH, FojiOBKHHCKift pe- 
KOMeBAyeT'L coÔHpame cb^a^hib HacjrfcAOBaHÎH, npoxoAHMOin» 
npn ôypeoin; aeAeHie ôypoBoro acypHajia; coxpaHeaie o6pa3uoBb 
nopoAT>; ôypeHie CKBasHHi» ôojibiuaro AÎ&MeTpa, He MeHfee 6 aïobm., 
ocmotpt> A'feficTByiomHX'b CKBa^HH'b ct> u'BJibio nswbpemn npHTOKa, 
Hanopa h TeMnepaTypu bo^h bt* hhxt>, h t. a- 

Pa3CM0Tp r feB'L n0A3eMHWH BOflbl Bt pa3JIHqHMX'b BHAaXT> f MH 

nepexoflHM-b Kt 03HaKOMJieHiio et A*HTejibHOCTbio hxt>, HaxoAHmeio 



- 18 — 

ceÔ* BHpaHceme bt> rrfejioM'b paA* HBJieHifi, npeACTaBJiaiomHX'b 
fljia Hact ôojibinoô HHTepect. Cio^a othochtch: nemepw npoBajiw, 
onoJi3HH, oÔBajiw. IIomhmo 3Toro, ynoMHHyTUH HBJieuia HHrepecHW 
jyiH Haci> Bt BHjiy uinpoKaro pacnpocTpaHeHifl 3A*cb, bt» KpwMy, 
ocoôeHHO Ha iojkhomtj ôepery. 

Heiuept* npeACTaBJiflK)Ti> coôoio ôoji'fee hjih MeH-fee oôuinpHHH 
nycTOTw, HBJifliomiHca pesyjibTaTOM'b A'feHTejibHociH noA3eifHHXT> 

BO/Tb- IIOC^'feAHiH Ha H'feK. nopOAH: H3BeCTHHKT>, ranch,' A'feftCTBy- 

iorb pacTBopaiomHM'b oôpasoM'b; oôpasoBaBiniacfl bhslhbji% ÔJiaro- 
Aapa npoHHKamio boah no TpeiijHHaM'b bt> nopoAaxT», HeôoJibinifl 
nycTOTH co BpeMeHeM-b Bce ôojrfee h ôoji'fee pacuinpflioTCfl h bt> 
H'feK. cjiyqaflX'b, KaKi> mm yBHAHM'b HHnœ, noToiKH 3THX r b nemepi». 
noA^» TflHcecTbio aajieraiomHX'b Bbime ruiac/roB-b, oôpyuiHBaiOTCH 
h np. 

OT^HHaacb apyrb orb Apyra cbohmh paaM'fepaMH (HeôojibimH 
nemepw ct> cBOAOo6pa3HMMH BXOAaMH Ha3HBaioTCH tpomaMu), ne- 
njepbï npeACTaB^flioT'b ôojibinoe pa3Hoo6pa3ie no cBoeMy BHAy, pac- 
nojiaraflcb HHorAa bt> H'fecKOJibKo 3Ta>neft. Cbohml cBoeo6pa3Hbiin> 
xapaKTepoMi, nemepw o6fl3aHM He TOJibKo oôpaayiomHMca SA'fecb 

OCaflKaMT» (o HHXT> 6y.aeTTD p'feHb HH>Ke), HO H nOA3eMHMM , b P'feKaM'b 

h osepaMt, HaôjnoAaeMHMT) bt> h^k. nenjepax-b. Bt> nocjrfeAHeMT> 
oTHouiemH ocoôeHHbiH HHTepecb npeACTaBjiaerb MaMOHTOBa ne- 
mepa 3^ niTarfe KeHTyKKH (C. AMepuna), saHHMaioman ct> cbo- 
hmh 03epaMH h p'fenaMH nJiomaAb okojio 650 kb. KHJiOMeTpoBT>. 
Oca^KH btd nenjepax'b — ABoanaro poAa: XHMHMecKie h MexaHHnec- 
Kie. Kt> nepBMMij othochtch t. h. cTanaKTHTbi h CTajiarMHTbi, cocto- 
amie 6. ^. h3t> H3BecTKOBaro iunaTa, p'hme h3t> aparoHHTa h 
h^k. ,n;p. o6pa30BaHie hxt^ oô'bacHaeTca rfeMi», mto npoHHKaiomaH 
bt^ nemepw BO#a coAepacnT'b bt> pacTBop'fe yrjieKHCJiyio H3BecTb, 
Bbi.n'feJiHiomyiocH KaKi> H3-L Kanejib, BHcamnx'b Ha nomjiK'fe, Tairb 
h naflaiomnx'b Ha nojiT» nemepw . Bi> uepBOM'b oiy^ais o6pa3yiOTCH 
CTaJiaKTHTbi, bo btopomi>— CTajiarMHTbi oTJMqaacb ôojibuiHMi, pa3- 
Hooôpasiewb bt> OTHonieHin cBoeft $opMbi, HasBaHHbie HaTeKH He- 
P'eako coeAHHHiOTCfl BM'fecT'fe o6pa3ya kojiohhh, npHAaioiniH neme- 
paMt CTOJib opnrHHajibHHH b»^: neiuepa pa3A r fe^aeTCH na pha^ 
OTA'fe-ibHbix'b nowfemeHifi cooômaiom.HxcH HHorAa y3KHMH xoAaMH, 
cjioBOM'b, npeACTaBJineTCH B*b h^k. cJiyMaaxTb HacTOflu^HM'b Jiaôn- 

pHHTOM'b. 

KpOM* XHMHHeCKHX'b OGaAKOBl», UOKpbIBaK)mHX r b nOTOJIOKTb, 



— 19 - 

crfeHH h aho nenjep-b, nocji'feAHiH noKpHTM Ha ah* MexaHnqec- 
khmh ocaflKaMH: rjiHHHCTHMt HjioMt, necKOMt h rajibKaMH. Bt 
HHX r b nona^aiOTCfl M'fecraMH irkjibHbia h anoMaHHbifl kocth jkhbot- 
Hwxt, HHoraa ocTaTKH qejiOB'feKa h ero opyAÎfl. B'b H'feK. neme- 
paxi> cpeflHHfl roflOBan TeMnepaTypa HH>Ke 0°, bt> hhxtj HaÔJiio- 
AaiorcH cKonjieHia cH'fera h jibAa. Tanin neiijepbt hochtt> Ha3BaHie 
Aedxnwxh hjih neutept — *edHUK08b (oKpecTHOCTH HjieuKOË 3amaTbi, 
okhjio r. KyHrypa h apO- 

OxapaKTepH30BaBi>, TaK. 06p., B'b oômHXi, Mep-rax-b nemepu, 
ocTaHOBHMca Tenepb H'fecK. noApoÔH'fee Ha KpbiMCKHX'b nemepax-b. 
Cpe^H HHX'b nepBoe m*cto npHHaAJieJKnrb nemepaM-b HarapAara. 
Hanôojrfee HSB'fecTHbi hst» HHX'b neiijepbi: BHHb — 6aun> — Xoôa h 
CyyKTï-xoôa; 3a nocji'feAHee BpeMH m» hhmt» npnôaBHJiocb eme ab*. 
nemepw Aocejiiî MaJio H3B'fecTHbifl. 3to — nemepbi «N*^ 3 h 4 h*- 

KOTOpbJH CB'feA'feHifl O KOTOpblX'b HOM'feUl.eHbl HaMH B'b 3aM'bTK'b „H3t 

Bne i iaTJi'feHiË no^AKH m> nemepaM-b HarapAara' 1 . 

Ilemepa EHHb-6aurb-xo6a HMlserb ysirifi npoxoA*t M'fecTaMH 
He ôoji'fee 1 apiiiHHa lunpHHbi, bwcotoô— He ôojrfee 2 apui. JaJi'fee 
BbicoTa npoxoAa yBejiH4HBaeTca h owh npHBOAHTb bt> aajii», cm*- 
Hfliomifica cHOBa 6ojrbe hjih MeH'fee y3KHMi> . KoppnAopoM r b 1 3a ko- 
TopwMi, onflTb cjrfeAyerb oôuiHpHbift zdjvh ct> bbchiiuïmch ho^th 
no cpeABH* MaccHBHbiM r b cTaJiarMHTOM^ h ApyrHifb MeHbiuaM'b — 
Phaûm^. 

flemepa BHHb-ôaurb-xoôa HHTepecHa HaxoHtAOHieM'b 3Al*Cb 
KocTefl, ôjiaroAapa neMy h nojiyqHJia CBoe Ha3BaHie (nemepa th- 

CH4H rOJIOBT>). 

CyyK , b-xo6a, OTJinqaiomaflCH orb npeAWAymeft cbohmtj ihh- 
poKHMb bxoaomt» cpa3y B'b BbicoKiâ gajn>, pacnojioaceHa no 6jih- 
aocTH nepBofl nemepbi. ÛHa HM'feeT'b 3aM r feqaTejibHMH hkctotoh) 
boah hctomhhkiï cb TeMnepaTypoA 5° D,. (4° P. ) (no .BJMHTpieByj f*). 
CrtHbi nemepbi yKpauieHbi cTaJiaKTHTaMH h cTajiarMHTaMH, coeAHHfl- 
iomHMHca M'fecTaMH bt> kojiohhu; KpoM* ynoMHHyTaro 3ajia, Ha6jiio- 
naerca eme H'fecKOJibKo 3ajn>, pacnojioaœHHbix'b 3Ta>naMH. 

*) JIe6eflHHCwiH onpeflfejiflerb t° MCToqHHKa bt» 6° P. Hmt> onHcaHa 
Tanwe nemepa Jorpatfrfe hjih reorpatjrb, Haxoflflmaaca y caMoft BepuiHHbi SIftjibi. 
flemepa 9Ta OTjiH^aeTca B03BbiiiiaK)WHMC5i noHTH bt» cpeflHHt ea KOJioccajibHbiMi» 
CTa^arMHTOMT>; yKa3biBaioT*b M'fecTo, nrfe 6ujia paH^e qepKOBb. O nemept Ior- 
pat})*b ynoMHHaeTi» TaK«e r. JJaHHJiOBi», Atiomift flBa pHcyHKa, OTHocamieca ki 
9toh nemept. 



— 12 — 

TbCHRH CBH3B nocjrfeflHHXi* cii aTltOC(J)epHMMM oca^KaMit— 
IipOHCXOKAeHÎe HCTOHHHKOB'b H3T> 3TnXt OCaAKOB'b— BT> rpOMaAHOM'b 

ôojibniHHCTB'b cjiyqaeBi> MOHcerb cqHTaTbca BnojiHls ycTaHOBjieHHoio, 
xotb, noBHAHMOMy, bt> H'bK. cjiy^aflxi> HM-feeTt M-fecTO h ApyroË 
cnocoô'b o6pa30Bamfl hctohhhkobt>, Ha kotopwh vKasbiBaerb bt^ 
CBoefl THnoTea* 0. <I>ejibrep'b. Ilo ero MH'feHiio, noA3eMH±>iH boah 
HHTaiOTCfl boaoô, nojiyHaiomeËCfl BCjrfeACTBie oxjia>KAeHifl BoaAyxa. 
coAepncamaro BOAflHbie napti Ha rjiyÔHHt, Tan-b KaK'b nosBa 3A^cb 
xojiOAH'be B03Ayxa. Bt> 9tomt> OTHomeHin a-kh nacb npecTaBJifliorb 
HHTepecb onwTH npo(J). roJiOBKHHCKaro(*) npoAOJi>KeHHKe r. IleA- 
AaKacom», roBopamie bt> nojib3y o6pa30BamH BOAbT bt> iiohbIî, no- 

MHMO aTMOC^epiIHXl, OCaAKOB'b BT> JKHAKOMHb HJ1H TBepAOMT, COCTO- 
HHÎH, H3T> BOAHHWX'b napOB'b, npOHHKaiOlUHX'b BM'feCT'fe CHb B03- 

Ayxoin, npK ôjiaronpiflTHHX'b ycJioBiflX'b bt> noHBy. TaKOBOË npo- 

UeCCTb B03M0H<eH'b, KaK'b nOKa3aJIH 9TH OnblTH, BTi JI'feTllio M*CflHW, 

TorAa KBKh oceiibio h 3hmoë HM'feeT'b wfecTO oôpasoBaHie boah Ha 
cnerb aTMOC*epiiwx r b OCaAKOB'b. KaK'b npnM'fep'b npoHCxojKAeHifl- 

HCTOTOHKOB'b HaCTbK) BCJI'ÈACTBie BOAH OTT* v n0A3eMH0H pocbi* (Tep- 

mhhi> npoc}). To^oBKHHCKaro), yKa3WBaioTCfl npAAaKacoM-b hctohhhkh, 
BWTeKaiomie h3t> — noA'b oôpbiBa Hhjih, h Jilmrie hctohhhkh Ha 
caMOË R&ji'h (nocjrfeAHie — HCKJHOHHTejibno 'Ha cneTi> „noA3eMHOH 

pOCN").(**) 

ynOMflHyTaH BHUie CBH3b HCTOHHHKOB'L CL aTMOC(J)epHbIMH 
OCaAKaMH AOKaSWBaeTCH VkWh OÔCTOflTeJIbCTBORTb, HTO ÔOJlbe OÔHJIb- 
Hbie HCTOHHHKH npiypOHeHH KT> M'feCTHOCTflM'b C/b ÔOJÏbllIHM'b KOJTH- 

necTBOMi» aTMOC^epHMxa» OCaAKOB'b, np« ycjioBÎHXi» Jiymuaro nor- 
JiomeHÎH nocJii'AHHX'b. 

IIOflBAHHCb Ha pa3JlHHH0H BblCOrfe, HCTOHHHKH BbICTynaiOTl, 

Ha 3eMHyio noBepxHOCTb no CKJioHaMTD ropi., aojihh-l, oBparoB-b, bt, 
ÔojiOTax'b, osepftx'b, Ha ah* Mopefi. Pa3JinHaK)Tb ab* rpynnw: «?/c- 
xodsuçie h eocxodnutie ucmoHHUKu. 



*) OnbiTbi ci> AOHCAeBbiMH AO>KfleMtpaMH npHBejiH npo<i>. rojiOBKHHCKaro 

Kl> BbIBOAy, 1T0 ,,MbI HM'BeM'b fl-fe/IO He C*b npOCaHHBaHieWb nOBepXHOCTHblX-b 

ocaAKOB'B bi> noHBy, a ci» o6pa30BaHieMi> hxi> bt> noMBt". 

**) Ilo MH-BHÎIO npO(|). HHOCTpaHUeBa, npOMCXO^eHÎe HCTOHHHKOB-b K)>K- 

Haro ôepera KpbiMa CBHaaHO cb HaxoMAeHieMi» 3anaca boau Ha HMjit, bi> npo- 
Bajiax-b h TpemHHax'b lopcicaro H3BecTHfiKa, bi> bha^ cKonjieHiA ctitra h 03epi>, 
Ha cneT-b BbinaAaiomHX'b 3fltcb aTMOC())epHbix'b ocaAKOBi». B-b nojib3y TaKoro 
npeAnojioxceHifl roBopHTi», no HHoerpaHueBy, TaKwe >KecTK0CTb boau 3 a tin - 
hmxi> hctohhhkobt», coAepxcaïUHxi» 6oj\hUiov\ 3anacb kmcjioh yrjie-H3BecTK0B0â 

C0J1H. 



— 13 — 

IlepBbie npHHaAJiemarb kt> HaHÔojrfee pacupocTpaHeHHMMt 
HCTOHHHKaM'b, hatl cBoôcTBeHHO oTcyrcTBie Hanopa, CTeKanie no 

yKJIOHy, OHH OTKpMBaiOTCfl HCKyCCTBCHHO BT> npOCTHXT> KOJIOAUaXl». 
BocXOAHmie HCT04HHKR BCTp'feqaiOTCH ptJKe, OTJIHiaiOTCH 

ôojifee hjih MeH'fee su&wrejihmm'h HanopoM-b, H3B-fecTHM cpeAH 
MaccHBHbix-b h ocaAOMHHX'b nopoAL* j],Jifl noJiy^eHÎH 3thxt> boa*, 

ÔblOlUHX-b Hep'feAKO B-b BHA*— 4>OHTaHa, HeOÔXOAHMW: MyJIbAOOÔ- 

pasHoe H3orHyTie nf acTOB'b h 3aJieraHie BOAOHOcuaro cjioh MencAy 
BOAOHeupoHHuaeMHMH cjiohmh. IloAOÔHaro poAa kojioauu HaaMBa- 
K)TCfl ajmieaiancKiiMU. 

HacxoAflmie hcto4Hhkh noApa3A'fc.JiHK)TCfl, bt> cbok) onepeAfe, 
ua tuiacmoetoc, Kom^oetmubie m mpeutuuHbie ucmovnuKu. 

HepBwe cjïhjiytoTb yK^oHy njiacTOB'b, BTopwe BHTeKaForb h3T> 

CKOlIJieHifi BOAW B r b KOTJIOBHHOOÔpaaHOM'b H30FHyTiH njiacTOB'b H, 

iiaKoticLTb, TpemHHHbie hctomhhkh mxoRHTh ceô* BbixoA'b no Tpe- 

LUHH-fe B1» BOAOIipOHHaaeMOM'b CJIO'fe. HHCXOAHIIjie HCTOHHHKH flBJIfl- 
10TCH M'feCTaMH BTd H'BCK. ropH30HTaXT>; KOJlHqeCTBO BOAW BT> HHX1> 

noABep>KeHo HHaHHTtMbHOMy KOJieôaHiio, 3aBHCHmeiny orb bojihhhhh 
pjiouxsLjm iiHTaniH HcroqHHKa ocaAKaMH, moiiihocth, cboôctbt> a 
rjiyôHiibi aajieraHin BOAOHocHaro cjioh, ho niaBH'feHine — OTb otho- 
luoHia BeJinqHHbi BbinycKHbix'b KaHajioÈi» kl o6meMy roAOBOMy ko- 
jiH i iecTBy. noiJiomeHHoft boam. 

BoCXOAHmia HCTOMHHKH, HaCTb KOTOpbïX'b OTJIHHafOIIiaHCH Bbi- 

coKoft TeMiiepaTypoïi, hochttj Ha3Bame îeïï3epo&b y noApasA'feJifliOTCfl 
Ha tnpemuHHbie hjih muAbnue, njMcmoeue h np. 

HcnyccTBeHHo oTpwTbie hctohhhkh Ha3biBaioTCH npocmtAMu H 
apme;iiaHCKt(Mii xo.wdwMU. IlepBbie no ipasA^JiniOTCH Ha cpyôoBbie 
h;ih HMtibic, KaMeHHbie, aôeccHHCKie (npnM'feHfleTca 3aÔHBaHie hjih 
aaBHiiMHBaiiie) h xpyôqaTwe (ôypeme) kojioauh. OcoôeHHbifl HHTe- 
peci» iipeACTaBJiHiorb apTe3iaHCKie KOJiOAaw, KOTOpbïX'b BOAa no- 
.lyjaeTCH iiyTem» ôypema, Aocraraiomaro HHorAa iviyÔHHN ôojrfee 
2000 MeTp. UasBaHÎe CBoe KOJioaaw 3th nojiyqHJiH ott» <f>paHay3- 
cKoii npoBHHuin ApTya, rA'fe 6ypeme CTaJio npHM'feHHTbCH ci» 12-ro 
cTo;i-feTJH. ApTe3iaHCide boau noA^HHeHU 3aKOHy cooôiuawmexcH 

COCJ'AOB'b HJIH TpyÔOKT*, 110 KOTOpOMy BOAa CTpeMHTCfl 3aHHTb OAH- 

uaHOBbiii ypoBOHb bt, oô'feax'b Tpy6naxT>. BucoTa (})OHTaHa rfeM-b 
Go.ibiiiaH M-feM-b pa»HHua Bb ypoBHflxi> M^CTa HCTeneHia h oÔJiacra 

llHTaHÎH HCTOHHHKa GOjJbliiaa. 



— 14 — 

Hjih nojiyqeHïfl apTe3iaHCKHXT> boat> hgoôxoahmh H3Bl5CTHbifl 
ycjiOBifl reojiorHMec-Karo cTpoenifl mIîCthocth, a HMeiiHo: 1) npucyT- 
CTBie cpeAU ocaAOMUHX'b iiopôA'b BOAOïipoiiHnaeMbix'b h BOAonenpo- 
HHqaeMhixi» u;iacTOBi> n aajieranie iiepBbix r b cpeAH uoc.rbAUHX'b; 2 ) 
KOTJioBHHoo6pa3iioe naorHyTie cioeB-b h.ih Han.ioH'b hx'l B'b ojny 
CTopoHy, HHorAa ropH3oirrajibHoe iiojioweHie cioeB'b -y noAouiBbi 
ropu, cjio>KeHHbix'b Mai, iipHiiOAHHTbix-b ruiacioBb. Bo Bci>x r b ivrax'b 
cjiyMaax'b B'fepoHTiiocTb iiojiyMemH apTe3iaHCKOH0BOAbi mo/kho oupe- 
A'feJiHTb ^apaH'fee pobho nain, pacMHTarb npHÔJiHSHTejibno rJiyôHHy ;m- 
Jieraiiia ea m BbiôpaTb nyiiKTbi &jm -sajioweiïui 6ypoBbix r b cKBa/KHirb; 
3) cpeAtf MaccHBHbixi^ nopoA'b ap r re3iaHCKaH Bo/ia Moraerb Bi-Tp'b- 
THTbcfi Tannée, OAHano B'bpoHTHOCTb ;)Ta TpyAH-fee noAAaoToi npe;iBa- 
pHTe.ibHOMy pacMeTy: 4) ôoji'feo ôjiaronpiRTHbia ycjiOBÎH ajih no/iyMe- 
hîh apTe3iaHCKoti Bo^bi MM^iOTCfl, bx AOJHHax r i>. 0Kpy>Keniibix r b ropa- 

MH Cb IIOJlOrUMH CKJlOHaMM. 

KaK-b y>ne ynoMBHyTO Bbinie, apTe3iancKÎe boam fibiorb cua- 
Majia (j)OHTanoM r b, neaiy cnocoôcTByiCTb BbiA'kiHioiu,iecfl raabi: bo3- 
Ayx'i , yrojibHafl KHCAOTa, c r b TeMem'oMi» BpeMeHH îianop'b boaw 
CTaHOBHTCH cjiaÔ'fee h bi> u±k. c*jiy i iaHx r b ypoBeHb boah b^ cKBa- 
ynnwh craHOBHTCH hh>ko ea ycTba. BMiscrfe c/b WHM'h, VMCHb- 
uiaeTCfl KOJiHHecTBo BOAbi (AeÔHTb) bt> apreaiaHCKHxi» KOJiOAUax r b. 
mto oôiîHCHaeTCH Kairb ocBo6o>KAeHieMi> cnepTbix^ ra30B~b, Tarn» 
h BJiifliiieM'b, oÔHapy>KMBaeMbiM r b Ha c*KBa>KHny coc/bAHHMH eKBawH- 
naMH. Ilocji'feAHiH noHHraaiorb AaBJieme Breft boabhoïï Maccw h 
yMeHbiuaio'rb B3anMHbifi Ae6HTi> cKBa>KHH r b. Tarn» in» CTennofî Mac- 
th KpbiMa. OjiaroA^pn yBOJiHMeiiiio nucia KOJioAUeB'i», rrHTaiomHxcH 
«31» capMaTCKHX r b nopoA'b, o6nn'H jneftvtTh KOJiOAHeB'b suaHHTejibHO 
yaieHbuiHJiCH, bi> BHAy Mero AO.i>KHbi 6biTb npwHHTbi (BoeBpeMeHHO 
M'fepbi kt> TOMy, MTOôbi BocupenHTCTBOBaTb yMenbiueHiio, a ço Bpe- 

MeHeM'b H H3CHKanifl H'feK. KOJIUAUeBl». K'b MHCJiy 3THX r b M'fep'i. 

othochtch: 1) mhcjio KOJioAueB'b aoji>kho 6biTb orpammeno paaivrk - 
paMM ôacceHHa h MOiu,HOCTbio ero; 2) pacxoA'b boah AOJiweiï-b npo- 

H3BOAiHTbCH nO M±p± HaAOÔHOCTHI B r b CaMOHCTeKaK)UI,HX r b KOJIOA" 

uax-b— nocjrfeAHie CA^Ayerb 3aKpbiBaTb. 

Bl Aono.iHeHie kt> c-Ka^ainioMy, ny>KHo eu;e AOÔaBHTb, mt© ap r re- 
aiancKÎH boah nHTaiOTC>] osopaMH h p-fenaMw, npoHFiKaa ri, noBepx- 
hocth no noA3eMHbiM r i» Kana.iaM'b. 3THM-b mo>kho o6i,hchhti> naxo>KAe- 
nie Biï h1>k. c^yMaax'i> bi, ap're3iaHCKHXi> KOJiOAUax r b cTeôJieË h KopueH 
pacTeHin, paKOBHHi,, pbiôom» h npoM. AprediaHCKie KOJioAUbi cjiyn;aTi> 



- 15 — 

He TOJibKO jiJia nojiyHemfl boah, ho h nefyrn h ap., HHoraa jpra 
ocyiueHÎfl m^cthocth (ompuvtamejibHbie hjih noiMtyawtyie noxodubi). 
TaKOBoe ocyiueHie bo3moîkho 3 ecjiH bt* AaHHoii m'ècthocth noAt 
BOAOHenpoHHuaeMbiMH nopoAaMH aajieraiorb BOAonpoaycKaiomie 

cjioh. 

ApTeaiaHCKifl boah ynoTpèôJiaiOTCfl bt> KaiecTB'fe nHTbeBbix , b 

BOA!», a TaK>Ke c/iy^arb Kain> ABHraTejib ajih npHBeaenia bt> abh- 

HceHie pa3JiH4Hwx r b MexamiSMOBT» Ha (|)a6pHKaxT> h saBO^ax^ h np.; 

juin opomeHifl caAOBi> h ap-> hjih. npHroTOBJiemfl Tenjibix-b BaHHi, 

H T. &., CJIOBOM'b, HM'felOrb ÔOJIbllIOe 3HaneHie AJIH 4eJI0B r feKa. Kam* 

noKa3biBaeTi» Hcropin apTe3iaHcnaro ôypemn, npHwfeHeme nocji'feA" 
Haro cb u'fejibK) nojiyqeHia apTe3iaHCK0ft boah othochtch kt» Becb- 
Ma OTflaJieHHbiM-b BpeMeHa*rb bt> HeropiH qejioBliHecTBa hôo 6y- 

peHÎe 3TO ÔHJIO H3B-feCTHO eilje ApeBHHMl> KHTaHUaMT>, erHnTflHaM-b, 

^KHTeJiHMT» Aôhcchhîh, Caxapbi h AP- Ci. 1855 ro^a oho CTajio 
npHM'feHHTbca Bi) AjHKHp'fe rjxh bt. 1890 r. eymecTBOBajio y?Ke 625 
KOJioAueB'b ci* AeÔHTOMTb bt> 240,000 .iHTpoB'b bt> MHHyTy. Bjiaro- 
Aapa iiojiyHemie apTe3iaHCKoft boah, Hacejieme yBeJiHiHJiocb bi> 

H'feKOTOpblXTb OaSHCaXT, BABpe, CTaJIH B03HHKaTb HOBHe Oa3HCW. 

Bt> MacTHocTH, y Haci> B-b PocciH apTesiaHCKoe ôypeme, npn- 
M'feHflBineecfl eaj,e bt* XVI erojrfeTiH btd HoBropoAcnoft h IlepMCKOfi 
ryôepHiflX'b rjih nojiyneHifl cojiHHHX'b pa3COJiOBT>, CTajio pacnpoCTpa- 
HHTbCH, Ha^EHaa ct> TpHAnarax-b roAOB'b XIX crojrkTiH. IlepBbie 
apTeaiaHCKie KOJiOAnu jxjir nojiyHemfl boah sajiojKeHH 6wjih bt> 
C.-TIeTepôyprfc B-b 1861 roAy, bi> MocKB'fe BTb 1867 r. Ha lorfe 
Poccin, rA'fe nOTpe6nocTb bt. apTe3iaHCKOfi BOA'fc ocoôeHHO omyra- 
TejibHa, ôojibiiioe pacnpocTpaHeme: Tarn* bt> oahoë TaBpHHecKOfi 
ryôepHJH hhcjjo KOJioAijeB'b npeBHiuaeT'b 200. He6e3 r bHHTepecH0 
îîpHBecTH SA'fecb r.iaBH'fetiinifl nojio>KeHifl, m> KoropbiM'b npHiiiejrb, 

Ha OCHOBaHiH CBOHX'b W3CJI r feA0BaHM, T. IlHKHTHH-b, a HMeHHO: 

1) Ha niaBHbix'b BOAopa3A r feJiaxT» HliTb ocHOBanin nojiyMHTb 
apTe3iaHcicyio BOAy. 

2) HaHÔoji-fee yagumbie ôypoBHa CKBawHHH npiypoqeHw kt> 

pfr-IHUlTb AOJIHHaM-b. 

'3) Ha poBHbix-b njioinaAHx-b 6oj\±e 70 ca>K. HaA^ ypoBHeMTï 
Mopn H'ferb HaAOÔHOcTH noJiy^HTb caMOHCTenaioinyK) BOAy. 

4) Bo.ibmeio MacTbio cKBanŒHbi iiOAHHMaiOT'b BOAy na bmcotv 
3na i iHTejibHO hh/ko 10 ca>K. naAJ> ypoBHeMTj r^aBHOii pi>KH Aan- 
Hofl m^cthocth (loro-BOCTo^Haa h K)WHafl PocciH.) 



— 16 — 

ApTeaîaHCKifl BOAH, nOHBJIHK>miflCH M'feCTaMH B'b H'feCKOJIbKHX'b 

ropH30HTaxi>, OTJiHnaiOTCH cbohmh Ka^ecTBaMH, npn qeMi» ôojib- 
mifl: >necTKOCTb h coAep>KaHie cojieË npncymH myônte 3aJieraio- 

OcTaHOBHMca Tenepb Ha apTe3iaHCKHXT> BOAax r b nain* Ha npeA- 
CTaBJifliomHXTj ajih Hac-b ocoôeHHïjft HHTepecb. B'b bhay nocjrfeA- 
Hnro, npHBeAeMTï .sA'fecb H'feKOTopwH AaHHWfl H3T> paÔOTbi npoc}). 
TojioBKHHCKaro „0 coBpeMeHHOM'b noJiOHcemH apTe3iaHCKaro A'fcrca 
bt, TaBpnqecKoô ryôepHÎH". 

ApTe3iaHCKÎH boah nocjrfeAHefi nojiyqaiOTCfl h3t> noHTH^ec- 
Karo h capMaTCKaro ropH30HTa, bo3mojkho pa3CHHTWBaTb nojiy- 

HHTb HX1> «3^ M'fcjIOBblX'b nJiaCTOBl>, HO IIOOJI'fcAHHX'b ne AOCTHrJia 

Aa>ne caMafl rjiyôoKaa H3-b cKBajKHHi, aajiottceHHaft y Aep- A&ôapii, 
bi, 60 b. K r b C. orb CnM(j)epono.ifl, rjiyô. 373V 2 ca>K. 

HaHÔo.Tfee 6jiaronpiHTHbiMH bt> OTHoujeHia uojiy i ieHiH apie- 
3iaHCK0Ë boah npeACTaBJiRiOTCH M'fecTHOCTb K-b iory on» CHBaina H 
eBnaTopiËCKaH HH3MeHHOCTb. H3i> 264 KOJiOAueBT> B'b TaBpHqecKofi 
ryôepHÎH 100 npHHaAJieHfarb kt> H3JiHBaiomHM'b Ha noBepxHocTb, 
89— kt> CKBa>KHHaM , b ci, ypoBHeM'b boah He rjiyôme 10ca>K., 11 — 
rjiyôaœ 10 ca>K. h 14 — kt> ôesBOAHuarb CKBa>KHHaM , b; o 50 cKBa- 
>KHHax , b He HM-feeTCH onpeA'feJieHHbix'b CB'feA'feHiH. IIo yfeAawb CKBa- 
jkhhm pacnpeA'feJifliOTf/i: B'b JlH-knpoBCKOM-b yfe3A r fe 18 ckb., B'b Me- 

JIHTOHOJIbCKOM'b 61, B'b EepAHHCKOM'b — 25, B'b EBHaTOpiBCKOM'b — 34, 

BT> IlepeKoncKOM'b — 82, B'b GeoAOciftcKOM'b — 22 h bt> CHM(|)epo- 
nojibeKOMT» y f fe3A r fe—22. Bi» fljiTHHCKOM'b y^A* 3a;io>KeHbi ôhjih 
AB* CKBa>K0Hbi: B'b ApreK'b h noA'b Aep. UlyMa — 06* 6e3B0AHHH. 

npOHSBOAHTeJlbHOCTb CKBaHîHHTb (H3JIHBaK)miHCH HH nOBepX- 

HocTb h ne rjiyôme 10 caw.), apn oômefi rjyÔHHfc nx r b b'b 8238 

CajK. H CTOHMOCTB B'b 314,402 p. (epeAHHH CTOHMOCTb 1 cajKeHH 

39 p. 22 k.), onpeA*JHeTca ivt 2, 875, 472 Beapa (cyTomioe ko- 
jHqecTBo boam). 

CTOHMOCTb Ôe3BOAHblXT> CKBaJKHH'B 0K. 200,000 pj6. TdK. 

oopaaoMb ôypeuie b«b TaspHiecKoil ryôepHhi oôouuocb o-kojo 
nojyMHJiJiioHa pyôjieft. 

Kain» yme CKa3aHo Bbime, cb yBejiH i ieHieM , b MHCJia apTe3i- 

HHCKHXt KOJOAUeB'b KOIH^eCTBO HOAbl BTb HHXt C0 BpeiieHeM'b 

y^esbuiaeTCfl. 3to HOATBepjKAaeTCn Ha KOJiOAuaxt TaBpnqecKOH 
ryôepuiH. Tarn», bi» nepnofi cKBastHH'b CaKCKoft aeucKofi rpnae- 



— 17 — 

jteqeÔHHuu, no cjiobûmt» TojiOBKHHCKaro, wb 1890 rojiy Hanopi> 
boabi HaA'B noBepxHOCTbio noqBhi ôblitb onpeA^eu'b b*b0,65 ca». 
TorAa KaRi» b^ 1895 r. oh'b paBHflJica 0,47 ca*. Hto xacaéTCfl 
npHTOKa boabi Ha bbicot* 0,55 cas., to bt> 1890 r. oh'b 6bui> 
paBeH'B 18,825 BeAp.. bt> 1891 r. 18.439 BeAp., a b^ oRTHÔpt 
1895 roAa 3,200 BeAp., npa qewB BpeiieHaMH oh'b npeRpamajcn 

BOBCe. 

^pyrHMi» QpHMtpoMT>, AORaawBaiomHM'b yMeHBmeBie rojiii- 
qecTBa boabi bt> CRBamHHax'B, MOxerB cjywHTB ROJOAeivB bt> Eb- 
naTopin, Ha napOBoft MejbHHivB ,3,yBaHa, ta* b"b 1893 r. Hanop'B 
npenocxoAHJi'B 0,30 case. HaA'B noBepxHocTBH) 36bulh, a npHT0Ki> 
boabi Ha Bbicorfe 0,15 caaf. onpeA*JiflJicfl bt> 12,000 bca., Me*Ay 
T'bM'B KaKi> m> 1895 r. aano t» h npHTOR'B npa noBepxHOCTH 
paBHHJiHCB 0. To me 3aM*qaeTca h bt» ap- KOJOAUaxi». 

HpnqHHaMH, ooycJiOBJiïBaiomHMH BBXiueynoM/iHyTwa flBjeHis 
bt> apTesiaHCKHX'B KoaoAuax'b TaBpnqecKOH ryôepHÎH, hbjaiotch, 
no MH'hHiio npoo». TojiOBKHHCKaro: 1) H3K , bHeHie aTMOCoepaaro 
AaBJieaia; 2) HapyuieHie h nocTenenHoe B03CTaHOBjeHie paBHOBfe- 
cifl MewAy apHxoAOWB h pacxoAOw-b apTeaiaHCRoft boa m; 3) B3a- 

HMHOe BJlîaeie CTapblXt H HOBMX'b CRBaKHR-B. rOJIOBRHHCHÎH no* 

jaraerb, q-ro bt> a^hhomb cayqab pfcqb habtb He o6t> HcromeHin 
KOJiOAueBi», hôo nojiyqaeMaH h3*b hhx'b BOAa (ok. 3,000,000 Ry6. 
ca». bt> toa'b) cocTaBjiHeT'B jHrab ok. V1043 Bcero ROJHqecTBa aT- 
MOc*epHbixi> ocaAKOB'B^ BbinaAaiomHX'b Ha njomaAb TaBpnqecKOil 
ryôepHia (1,428 m. k. a). HcromOHie Mosçerb HacTyaHTB, roBO- 
pHTb npo*. rojOBKHHCtsiH, Bbipa3HBoiHCb y MeHbiueHieMT> Hanopa 
ua CTOJbKo, q r ro MHorie kojoaum Hejb3a 6yAerB BK^njyaTHpo 
BaTB. Mtpoio, Horyiueio, no ero MEitHiio, caocoôcTBOBaTB yBeJH- 
qeHiio npoH3BOAHTejibHOCTH CKBaxHii'B, 6ujio 6bi yBejiaqeHie aî- 
aHeTpa uocji^ahbx'b hjih 3aj0JKeHie hobbix'b CRBaarHH'b ôojBoiaro 
AiaweTpa. KaK'b AaJBHftiïiiiifl M*pw a-ïh yQopflAoqenia A*^a apTe- 
aiaHCRaro ôypeeia bt> TaBpnqecgOH ryôepHÎH, ToiOBRRHCRift pe- 
KOMeHAyeTT» coônpaHie CB*A*HiH o HacrbAOBaHÎH, npoxoAHMOin» 
npn ôypeoiH; BeAeHie ôyposoro HçypHaja; coxpaHeHie o6pa3uoBb 
nopoA'B; ôypeeie cKBaxHH'b ôojbinaro A^aiieTpa, He MeHte 6 ak>Am., 

OCMOTp'b A'^HCTByiOII^IlX'b CKBaWHH-L Cb U'BJlbK) H3M-BpeHifl npHTOKa, 

nanopa h TeMnepaTypu boah Kh hhxt>, h t. a. 

Pa3CM0Tp , BB'b n0A3eMHbIH BOAW BTj pa3^HqHHXT> BHAaX'b, MN 

nepexoAHM-b kt> 03HaKOMJiemio ct> A'BHTejibHOCTbK) hxt^, HaxoAHmeio 



- 18 — 

ce6* BHpaJKeme bt* u'fejioM'b paA* aBJiemË, npeACTaBJiaioinHX'b 
fljia Hact ôojibinoô HHTepeci». CiOAa othochtch: nemepu npoBaJiw, 
onoji3HH > oÔBajibi. IIomhmo 3Toro, ynoMHHyTWH aBJiema HHiepecHbi 
HJiH Hact Bt BHfly uinpoKaro pacnpocTpaHeHÎH 3^-fecb, bt* KpwMy, 
ocoôeHHO Ha loacHOMt ôepery. 

IlemepM npeACTaBJiaiOT'b coôoio Ôojrfee hjih MeH-fee oôihhphhh 
nycTora, HBJiaiomiaca pe3yjibTaTOM , b A'feaTejibHocTH noA3eMHHXT> 
BO/n>- IIocji'feAHifl Ha H'feK. nopoAbi: HSBecTHaK-b, ranci*,' A'feftcTBy- 
iorb pacTBopaiomaM-b o6pa30Mi>; oôpasoBaBiniaca BHaqajrfe, ÔJiaro- 
Aapa npoHHKamio boam no TpemHHaMi, bt> nopoAax'b, Heôojibuiia 
nycTOTH co BpeMeHeMT> Bce 6o;rfee h ôojrfee pacniHpaioTCH h bt> 

H'feK. CJiyqaHXTi, KaKTî MH yBH^HM'b HHîKe, HOTOUKH ^THXT, IiemepT>. 

noflT> TflHçecTbio ^ajieraiomHX'b Bbime ruiac/roBi», oôpyinnsaiOTca 
h np. 

OTJiH^aacb «apyn> orb Apyra cbohmh paaM'fepaMH (Heôojibiuia 
nemepH ct> CBOAOo6pa3HMMH BxoAaMH Ha3WBai0TCH tpomaMu), ne- 
mepbi npe^CTaB^flioT'b ôojibiiioe pa3Hoo6pa3ie no cBoeMy BHAy, pac- 
nojiaraacb HHorAa bt> H'fecKOJibKo 3Ta>neô. Cbohml CBoeo6pa3HMBrb 
xapaKTepoMi> nemepbi oôaaaHbi He TOJibKo oôpaayiomHMca wkcb 
ocaAKaM r & (o HHXT> ôyAerb p*feqb HH>Ke), ho h noA3eMHHM r b pénaux 
h osepaMT», HaôjnoAaeMMM'b bt> H'feK. nenjepax'b. Ih> noc./i'feAHeM'b 
OTHoniemH ocoôeHHbiH HHTepecb npeACTaBJiaerb MaMOHTOBa ne- 
mepa ji) niTart KeHTyKKH (C. AniepHKa), 3aHHMaïomaa ct> cbo- 
hmh 03epaMH h plîKaMH njiom,aAb okojio 650 kb. KHJioMeipoB'b. 
Oca^Ka btj nemepaxi, — ABOHKaro poAa: XHMHHecKie h MexaHHHec- 
Kie. Kt> nepBbiMT> OTHoeaTca t. h. cTanaKTHTH h crajiarMHTbi, cocto- 
amie 6. ^. h3t> H3BecTKOBaro mnaTa, ptnte H3-b aparoHHTa h 
h^k. Ap. o6pa3oeaHie hxt> oô^acHaeica rfeMi», mto npoHHKaiomaa 
B-b iiemepw BOAa coAep>KPn"b bi> pacTBop* yrjieKHCJiyK) H3BecTb, 
BbiA'feJiaioH^yioca KaKi> H31* Kanejib, BHcamnx'b na nomjiK'fe, Tairb 
h naAaiomnx-b na nojii> nemepw. Bi» nepBOMi> cjiyMa'fe o6pa3yioTca 
cTajiaKTHTbi, bo btopomi> — CTajiarMHTbi oT.iHHaacb ôojibuiHMi. paa- 
HOo6pa3ieM , b bi> oraonieHin cBoeft (JwpMbi, Ha3BaHHbie naTeKH He- 
pfeAKO coeAHHaiOTca Biffecrfe o6pa3ya kojiohhh, npHAaiomia neuje- 
paMt CTOJib opnrHHaJibHbiH BHA'b 1 nemepa pasA^aeTca 11a paA^ 
OTA'fe-ibHbix'b noMlsmeHift cooônxaioui.Hxca HHorAa y3KHMn xoAaMH, 
cjioBoarb, npeACTaBjiaeTca btj h^k. cJiyHaaxTî HacToam.HM'b Jiaôn- 

pHHTOM'b. 

KpOM* XHMHHeCKHX r b OGaAKOBT», UOKpHBaK)III 1 HX , b nOTOJIOK'b, 



~ 19 — 

crfeHM h aho nemepTb, nocji'fcAHiH noKpwTH Ha ah* Mexammec- 

KHMH OCaflKaMHI rJIHHHCTHM'b HJIOMT*, necKOMi» h rajibKaMH. Bt> 
HHX'b nona^aiOTCfl M-feCTaMH IvfejIbHblfl H CJIOMaHHHfl kocth hchbot- 

hhxtd, HHorAa ocTaTKH qejiOBijKa h ero opyAifl. Bt* hIsk. neme- 
paxT> cpeAHHfl roAOBan TeMnepaTypa HHHte 0°, bt^ hhxt> Ha6;no- 
aajorcfl cKonjieHia eH'fera h JibAa. Tanin nemepù hocatt> Ha3BaHie 
Aedxtittxh hjih neutepQ — AeÔHUKoeb (oKpecTHOCTH HjieuKOfi 3am,HTU, 
okhjio r. KyHrypa h ap-)- 

OxapaKTepHSOBaBT, TaK. 06p., B'b oômnxi, HepTaxi> neujepw, 
ocTaHOBHMca Tenepb H'fecK. noApoÔH-fee Ha KpuMCKHX'b nemepax-b. 
Cpe^H hhxi> nepBoe m-ècto npHHaAJie>KHTb nemepaM'b HarapAara. 
Hanôoji'fee H3B'fecTHbi h3T> HHX-b nemepw: BnHb — ôaun» — Xoôa h 
Cyytcb-xoôa; 3a nocjrfeAHee BpeMH kt> hhmt> npnôaBHJiocb eme ah*. 
nemepw Aocejiiî MaJio H3B , fecTHbifl. 3to — nemepbi f&Jtè 3 h 4 h*- 

KOTOpblH CB'feA'feHifl O KOT0pbIXT> llOM'femeHbJ HaMH B'b 3aM , &TK'fc ,^31* 

Bne^aTJi'feHiË no^AKH ht* nemepaM'b HaTbipAara' 1 . 

rieojepa BHHb-6aun>-xo6a HM'feerb ysirift npoxoA*b f M'fecTaMH 
He ôoji'fee 1 apuiHHa ninpHHbi, bhcotoh — He ôojrfee 2 apm. flaji'fee 
BbicoTa npoxoAa yBejiH4.HBaeTCH h oht> npHBOAHTb bt> aajrb, cwb- 

HfllOmifiCfl CHOBa C)OJl±e HJIH MeH'fee ySKHMTï . KoppHAopoMTb, 3a ko- 
TOpWMT> OnHTb CJ'feAyeT'b OÔUJHpHblft 3aJIT> CT> BHCHIIUÏMCH nOHTH 
nO CpeAHHlî MaCCHBHblM'b CTa^arMHTOM-b H ApyrHMl» MeHbUIHMl> — 
pflAOM'b. 

Jlemepa BaHb-ôaurb-xoôa HHTepecHa HaxoHtAemeM'b 3A*Cb 
KocTeâ, ôjiaroAapa 4eMy h no^yHHJia CBoe Ha3BaHie (neujepa th- 

CH4H rOJIOBT»). 

CyyK-b-xoôa, OTJinqaiomaflCH orb npeAHAymeft cbohmi> uih- 
poKHM-b BXOAOM-b cpasy B'b bhcokm aajrb, pacnojio>KeHa no ÔJIH- 
aocTH riepBoô nemepw. OHa HM'feeT'b 3aM'feqaTejibHbiH hkctotoio 
boaw hcto4hhki> cb TeMiiepaTypoft 5° D,. (4° P. ) (no flJMHTpieByj (*). 
CT'feHbi nemepbi yKpauieHw CTaJiaKTHTaMH h cTajiarMHTaMH, coeAHHH- 
ioluhmhch M'fecTaMH bt> kojiohhh; KpoM^ yiioMHHyTaro 3ajia, Haôjiio- 
Aaexcfl enje H'fecKOJibKo 3ajn>, pacnojio>KeHHbix'b 3Tan«aMH. 

*)' JleôeflHHCMÎH onpeafcjiaerb t° MCTOiHHKa bt> 6° P. Hmt> onHcaHa 
Tanwe nemepa Jorpa^-b hjih reorpa4)*b, Haxoaamajicj! y caMofl BepuiHHbi 51ftjibi. 
riemepa 3Ta OTjurtaeTC* B03BbiuiaiomHMC5i noHTH bi> cpeflHHt en KOJiocca/ibHbiM'b 
cTanarMHTOMT>; ynasbiBaioTt m^cto, rat 6u^a paH*Be qepKOBb. O nemep-fe Ior- 
pa(J)T> ynoMHHaeTT» TaK«e r. flaHHJiOBT>, naiomift ABa pHcyHKa, OTHocamieca k* 
stoh nemept. 



— 20 — 

flemepa J* 3, naxojxHmaflCR Bepcrart bt> 3—1 orfc ^OMana 
TopHaro Itnyôa, 6j)H3b Kpan cpeaMfO nmro HaThip^ara, aaw'fe- 
MaTeJibiia ipandiùsnhiMu pauM'fepaMu choux f. iaJS* b cmaaKTttxaHil h 
CTa^aiMHTaMH, coejumetrie KOTopwxii oôpaayeri* wfecTiiMH ceoeoô- 
paano— upMMyA-fTHBHfl (JïQpMbi (pue. 1) 




Pmc, 1. 

Il^tuepa Ni 4— ca»; Bis 40 Ha K)3. orb nenj. EH;ib~6atiJ'L- 
xoôa — HM'feeT'b Kpymoe oTBepcTÏe, kotophmt» caycKaJOTCH na r/iy- 
6HHy H caHtesi>, 3ajibi nemepbi pacnojiaraiOTCfl si» ABa dTawa; 

Bt O^HOM-b H3T* imxl* WCTOHHHKb npOSpa^IUlfi XCMOTJHQH BOflbL 

Ilemepbi Kn;.iiM"h -xo6a, iiaxo^nmiflea UJiu-ib JiepeBHH topo me 

HM6HH, K-b B. GT*b AOpOfH H3T> CnM(î>epOIIOJia BT> àJiytOTy, B flp* 



— 21 — 

nemepw Kpwiia npeACTaBJiHJorb, cpaBHHTejibHO ci> HaTbipAarcKHMt, 
MeHbiuip HHTepec*. Hpe3T> nenjepy KapaHH-xo6a (hhhchhh h3t> 
nemepi> KH3HjrL-xo6a) npoTeKaerb noTOKT> ct> t° 80 IJ., cKpwBa- 
lomiflcfl bhhtl; nemepa ynpaujeHa 9(J)(|)eKTHbiMH CTajiaKTHTaMH. 
RepxHHH nen^epa y-3Jib-xo6a HMlserb MHoroHHCJieHHwe xoah. ~ 
KpoMb nenjep'b, pe3yjibTaTOMTb A'fcHTejibHOCTH no^3eMHwxi> boat> hbjih- 
iotch BopoHKOo6pa3HWH yrjiyôJieuiH-npoeaAu, onoùmu, oôecuii h np. 
IlpoBajibT HaxoAflTcn bt> 6jiHH<aftuieH cbhsh ct> nemepaMH, 
noTOKOBT> KOTopwx'b, npH AaJibH'feônieM'b pacnrapema nenjepw, 
BCJi'feACTBie pacTBopaiomefi A'feflTejibHOCTH noA3eMHHXi> boat>, He 
BbiaepHŒBaeTb TH>Kec™ AaBflmHxi> CBepxy cjioeBT> nopoATï h 06- 
pyiuHBaeTCH. IIocJi'feAHee OTparaaeTCfl Ha riOBepxHocTH 3eMJiH oôpa- 
soBaHienrb npoBajiOBT>, HM'feiomHX'b HHorAa ao 700 MeTpoBT» wh 
AiaMeTp'fe. 

Bt> hIjk. cjiynaflX'b npoBanw 3th, saHHTH 03epaMH rjiyô. ao 
200 m. *). 

IloAOÔHaro poAa npoBa/ibi h ufejiwâ pHAt> AP- flBflemË, CBH3aH- 

HblXT> paCTBOpfllOmHM'L flMCTBieM'b nOA3eMHHX'b BOA^, npHAaiOTb 

m^cthocth oparHHâJibHbift beat* t. h. KapcTOBaro JiaHAina(()Ta. IIoc- 
Ji-feAHiô HaôJiioAaeTCH Ha oôuihphoë njionjaAK ÂBCTpin h urne. dp. 
M , fecTHOCTHxi>. m. np., bt> KpwMy, rA* Hfijia AOJiHCHa 6biTb OTHeceHa 
KaKi» ynce ynoMHHyTO ôhjio Bbiine, kte> HaropHOË paBHHH'fe. 

Kt> nocji'feAHeft sacTaBJiflerb ee oraecTH no IIIyrypoBy, ufe- 
Jibin phat> ocoôeHHOCTen xapaKTepHbixt &jih BffecTHocTeË, ta* Ha6- 
JiiOAaiOTca mpcmoeuH HeMnia. CiOAa npnHaAJie>KHTT> pa3CMOTp , feH- 
hwh BLiuie nemepw, HHorAa ct> noA3eMHbiMH noTOKaMH, h BopoH- 
Koo6pa3Hbie npoBaJbi cooTB-feTCTByiomie „AOJiHHaMT> u thhhhhuxt» 
oôJiacîeË napcTa bt> ABCTpin(**). 

Onoji3HH h oÔBaJH npHHaAJieMxarb K-b HHCjiy HBJiemË, qacro 
HaÔJiiOAaeMbix'b bt> KpwMy, m> BHAy nero npeACTaBJiaioT'b a*h Hacb 
3HaHHTeJIbHHÔ HHTepecb. 

PaaAUKie Me>KAy onoji3HHMH h oôBajiaMH 3aKJnoqaeTCfl bt> 
tout», hto nepBwe oôycjioBJieHH cnoji3aHieMT> OTpuBaiomHXCH 



*) Heôo^bujiH 03e pa HaÔJiioAaioTCfl, m. np., Ha KpbiMCKOft Afint. 

♦♦JCokojiobt» xapaKTepH3yeT*b 5ïftJiy Ram w poBHyK> KaMeHHCTyK) iuiockoctl 
noHTH cnjiouib noKpuTyio BopoHKOo6pa3HbiMH yiviyÔJieHiHMH, npeACTaBJiaiomHMH 
pesy/ikTarb MHoroHMCJieHHbix-b npoBa/ioB-b HaAi> nycTOTaMH nemep-b, npoHHSbi- 
eaiomHxi> Hftny' v . 



_ 22 — 

orb ocTa/ibHoft Maccw njiacTOBTb no cKJioHy BHH3T», Tor^a KaKt 

OÔBaJIbI, npOHCXOAHII^ie BT> M'fcCTHOCTHX'b CT> KpyTbIM'b HaKJIOHOMT> 

n^acTOBi» conpoBOHCAaiOTCfl onpoKHAbïBaHieMi>, uocjrfeAHHX'b H 6mc- 

TpUMt ABHH«eHieM1> HXt BHH3T>, 

KaKT> On03HH, TaKT> H OÔBaJIH OHeHb HaCTO BH3BaHH ZVfcfl- 

Te^bHOCTbio noA3eMHbixT> BOA'b: oh* pa3MbiBaK)T r b BOAonpoHHqaeMH^ 
cjiofl, 3ajieraiomiË cpeAH BOAOiipoHnuaeMbixT> njiacroB-b, ôjiaroAapa 
4eMy npoHCxoAHT r b CKOJibHfeme BepxHaro BOAOHenpoHHijaeMaro njia- 
CTa no HHHtHeMy. 

IIoAOÔHaro poAa HBJieHia HacTO HaôjnoAaiOTCfl bt> EBponeftcKoô 
Poccîh. ynoMHHeMi, SA'fecb oôt» onoJi3HHX , b no ôeperaMi* Bojirn: bt> 
CHMÔnpCK'fe, CapaTOB* h aP-i okojio OAeccbi Ha ôepery HepHaro 
MOpfl h npoH. 

OnOJI3HH H OÔBaJIbI BT> KpbIMy OCOÔeHHO qaCTbl Ha KDKHOM'b 

ôepery. Ein;e Ftajuiacb onHCbiBaerb onoji3eHb okojio Aep. KynyKT»- 
Koft, nepBwe npH3HaKH KOTO/iaro HaôjnoAajiacb 10 4>eBpajifl 1786 
roAa. 3to ôhjih TpenjHHbi, ocyniHBaiomiff pynefl. 3a hhmh noej]*- 

AOBaJIt Hpe3T> ABa AHH CHJIbHblË TpeCKT,: MljCTHOCTb MejKAY OCHOBa- 

HieMi> flfijiw h ôeperoMi», oTCTOHiimM-b Ha 900 ca>K., nojiocoio uih- 
pHHOâ 350—500 can*. CTajia ABHraTbCfl buhs^. TaKOBoe ABHttceme 
npOAOJiHca^ocb ao 28 (j>eBpaJiH npn neui* bt> ABH^emn npHHHMajra 
yqacTie rJiaBH. o6p. iMHHHCTHe cjiaHijbi h tjihhh, a BM'fecrfe ct> hh- 
mh h tjihôh H3BecTHHKa, o6pa30BaBuiifl Tpn nojiocw: OAHy, 3HanH- 
TejibHyio, h ab* napajuiejibHWH en, MeHbinin nojiocw. PesyjibTaTOMT, 
ynoMHHyTaro ABH/KeHÎH ôhjio to oôcToaTejibCTBO, hto 6epen> bwa- 
BHHyjicH bt» Mope Ha 50 — 80 ca>K. Bt* 1809 roAy oÔBajiHJiacb ^acTb 
H3BecTKOBaro oôpwBa HaAT> Aep. JlHMeHofi, noAMbrran KjnoneBbiMH 
BOAaMH, h pa3pyuiH^a AepeBHio. JTfeTOM'b 1881 roAa okojio Aep. 

KôKOSt (ciiB. CKJIOH'b flfljlbl) HaÔJIIOAaJICH OnOJI3eHb A^IHHOK) ao 
3 BepCTB H UIHpHHOK) AO 1 BepCTbI. IIOAOÔHblH me HBJieHifl otm*- 

neHH iie;KAy JlacnH h FÎHKeHeH30M , L, MeîKAy nocjrfeAHHMT> h 4>opo- 
com-l. Cnojmme H3BecTHHKa HaôjiioAaeTCH TaKJKe bt* paMOH* Me>KAy 
fljiTOK) h rypsy^OMi. h bt> pa3Ji. ap- MliCTax-b, *) npn «leM-L oôpasy- 
lOTCfl nOJIOCH H3BeCTHHKa, HanpaBJiHiomiHCfl KT> Mopio, HHorAa CT> 



•) Kt> M*fecTHOCT5!Mi>, rA'fe HaÔJiKflaiOTCfl onycKaHÎfl h cnon3aHi$i nOHBbl 
r. IleManacb (cm. HMXce) othochtt» eme cjitayiomiH: Myxo^aTKy, BepxHifi Ch- 
MeH3i>, HyKypjiap-b (3a riapTeHHTOMT»), KapacaHi», KyHyK-b— JlaMÔaT-b, oTnacTH 
Kapa6axi> (wM'hHie Ke^-nepa), MtcTaMH «npo<))eccopcKiA yronoKi>» okoho Ajiy- 
iiiTbi; 



_ 2g — 

coxpaHetiieBrb naAemn Ha C.3. HHor^a ace ct> yRnoHoitb Ha K). 3, 
hjih Ha K).È. TaKOBOMy cnoji3aHiio uaBecTHHKa coA'fcficTByiorb bt> 
aHaqHTCJibHofi crerreHH no MH'feuiio npo(|). JleBaKOBCKaro, noA3eM- 
hua boam. Me>KAy npoHHMb, ouo./i3hhmh h oÔBaJiaMH, npeACTaBJiflio- 
iijhmh CTOJib qacroe HBJieme bt> yaoMHHyTOMt pafloirfe, Tojiob- 

KHHCKifl OÔ'bflCHfleTl» OÔH lie HCTOHHHKOBT> Ha K)5KHOMT> CKJIOH* Ba* 

fiyraHa feu. BMiue). CnojiaaHie KMKHaro ôepera KpbiMa npoHCxo- 
Ahtt>, no JleBaKOBCKOMj, ÔJiaroAapa 3ajieraHiio hxt> Ha KOHiviOMe- 
paTaxt h tji. c./iaHuax r b, npeACTaBjiHK>mHXT> coôoio, „cjiohcthh Mac- 
cw, orpaneHHbifl CBepxy KpyTO HaRffOHeHHWMH hjiockocthmh h npeA- 
cTaBJifliomifl uo3TOMy (froptiy KJiHHbeB-b, ocHOBaHÎH KOTopux'b oôpa- 
meHbi ni. Biopio." flaBïïeme Ha 3th noBepxHocTH pa3JiaraeTCH, a*- 
jiaHCb napajuiejibHHMT, nacTbio na^eHiio miacTOBi», nacTbio nepneH- 
AHKyjiapHbiM'b kt> HeMy bt> nocjrfeAHeM'b cjiy^a'fe AaBjieme CTaHOBHTCH 

ÔOKOBblMt H HBJlBeTCft npHHHHOK) BbinflHHBailiH RJIH BHABHraHifl 

HH>KHHXb njiacTOBi> bt> Mope h nocTeneHHaro noHHTKema ocTaab- 
iiwx'b. 3TOMy ABHHîeHiio coA'bflcTByiOTb HaxoAamiflCfl bt> hhhœhxT) 
njiacTaxT> noA3eMHbjff boah. 

noAOÔHO onojisHHMi,, oÔBajiu npeACTaBJiaiOTCfl Ha k^khomt» 
fiepery KpbiMa pacnpocTpaHeHHbiM'b flBJiemeM'b. IIoHHTie 06% 
oCm&ji'b ycTaHOBJieHO Bbiuie; OTM'feTHM'b sjifbch, hto, roBopa o6t> 
o6BajiaxT>, OTJWMaKyrb: oÔMicnib ero ompbiea, nymb oôeaAa ti uao- 
madb oynAOJtcPHia onjoMKoeh. llepBOio HBJiaeTCfl OTB'fecHaa crfeHa 

flflJIbl, BTOpWM'b - OTA^bHblfl paaÔpOCaHHblH TJIblÔbl H pflAbl H3BeCT- 
HHKOBblX'h r.1b)6 r b, CIiyCKaiOIUHXCfl 110 WHŒOMy CKJIOHy KpblM- 

CKHxt ropi>. *) 

HaHôo-irfee rpaHAÎ03HbiM r b npnM'fepoM'b oôBajia npeACTaBJiaeTCH 
SA'fecb AjiynKa* rA'b bt^ oÔBajrfe yqacTByiorb He TOjibKO H3BecTHflKH, 

HO H H3Bep>KeHHbIH UOpOAW; Bb^OAT» nOCJrfeAHHXTi BT> BopOHUOB- 
CKOMT» IiapK* HBJIfleTCfl OÔBaJIOM'b, TOrAa KaKT, KOpeHHOft BbIXOAt 

hxt>, iiaÔJHOAaeTCH kt> 3. ort KpecroBoft ropu. 

B03BpamaflCb CHOBa KT> OnOJI3HHBn>, OCTaHOBHMCfl H'feCK. noA- 

poÔH'fee Ha onoji3Hii bt> m'ècthocth «4yKypjiap'b»» okojio Hjitw 
KaKTï iipeACTaB^aioineM'b ajih nacb ocoôeHHuiî HHTepec-b. **) SA'fecb- 



*) BopwcjiK-b. ropHbix-b oÔBajiaxT» 6jiH3b AjiyiiKH bi» KpwMy. 

••) OTMtTHMi> 3Atcb, MTO 6^H3b Bepxtieft AyTKH, Hh Aant H. Jl. >Kh- 
xapeBOft HaMM Haôjiiofla^cH ono;i3eHb, Bbi3BaHHbift, noBHflHMOMy, npoHHKHOBe- 

HieM-b MaCTM nOA3eMHbIXT> BOA1. BOAOHOCHarO r0pH30HTa, BT> rJlHHHCTWe CJiaHUbl, 

6naroAapji OTBOAy 3Thxt> boat> ct» AaiH r. KaMeHeBa no HeueMeHTHpoBaHHOfi 
TpyÔt. 



— 24 — 

Bt Haïajife AGKaôpa 1906 r. aaM^neHO ôwjio ouojraaHie 3HaqHTeJib- 
hoh njiomaAH no HanpaBJieHiio ht* Mopio, Bwpa3HBiueecH Ha noBepx - 
hocth o6pa30BaHieMt TpemHHi> paapwBa iiohbh, TpeuiHH'b bt* ao- 
MaxTb h crfeHax'b h np. 

PaftoHT> oiioji3Hfl 3aHHMaeTi> njiomaAt okojio 20500 
kb. cara. *), ôyayqn pacnojio>KeHi, Me>KAy Hjitoio h JlnBaAieio, npa 
qeMi>, bt> nacTHOcTH, sani'feHaeTCfl ABa yiacTKa oiiojishh: oahht>, 
ôojwiiift, coôcTBeHHO HyKypjiapcKifi h Apyrofl, Menbiniô, pacnpo- 
CTpaHHiomiHCfl Ha AOMa JKe;m>iiiiOBa, Tphahhoë h H'feK. AP- KaKb 
noKa3WBaerb njiaH'L m^cthocth (qepT. 1) bi> pa^crn* 




:-v 






HepT. 1. 



— 26 — 

otioJiSHH npoxoAM'n. CeBacTonojibCKoe uiocce (HuKOJiaeBcKaH yjin- 
ua) h paciioJio>KeHfci Aa i iH. CnojisaHie coupoBO>KAaJiocb 3Aiscb ij'fc- 
jihmx pa^OMT. ABJieHifi, a hmchuo: yiiOMflHyrwMH ywe Bwme Tpe- 

IUHHaMH BT> AOMaXt H Ha UlOCCe H BO MHOF AP- M'fcCTaX'b; OTA*" 

jieHieM r b OKOHHHXb h ABepHbixi, M'fecTT, orb KaMeHHbiXT> crfeHt; 
onycKaHieirb h BbinyqHBairieM'b rpyHTa h npoq. Oahht> 031, Tpe- 
iHHH'b pa3pwBa jiohbw npoxoAHTb napa^JieJibHO ôepery Mopn, Apy- 
lia uepneHAHKyjiflpHo kx HeMy; MiiCTaMH noBHiueHHbiË (HaropHHfl) 
Kpaâ bthxtî TpeinHHi, jienŒTb Ha Bbicorfe ôojrfee Va apui. HaflT> 
onycTHBiiiHMCfl (noAropHMMi,) Kpaeii r b. yiioMHHyTbifl h Ap. HBJieHifl' 
yrporaaiomaro xapairrepa, noôyAHJH oôirraTejieH Aa^b, ocoôeHHO 
nocTpanaBUiHX'b orb onoji3HH noKHHyTb nocjrfeAHifl. Ki» HHCJiy Ta- 
kobwxi, npHHaAJiOKaT-b: Aa^a #>KaHeqKa (pue. 2) r-HŒ,Zto6poBOJib- 
ckoô; Aa^n r.r. JleBeHTOHa, BoËuexoBHna IpHC. 3) h KopcaKOBa 
o6iu.ee. HepBHH ab* pacnojio^eHw no npaByio (c4HTaa ott> Hji- 
tm) cTopoHy uiocce. nocjrfeAHifl— no jrfeByio CTopoHy ero; npeA- 
CTaBJieHie o uiocce bt, pafioH'fe onoJi3HB aaerb. 

HanpaBJieHie oiiojishh otm^hcho bt> CTopoHy Mopn, 6epen> 
KOToparo, OjjaroAapH pa3MbiBaiomeH A'feflTejibHOCTH Mopa h OTnaerH 
noA3eMiibix , b boa^, BWTenaiomHX'b SA^cb, - h3T> — noAT» ôeperoBoro 

OTKOCa, B'b BHA'fc >KHAKOË rpfl3H, HaXOAHTCH B'b COCTOflHÎH nOCTO- 

HHHaro cnoji3aHifl. 

Oôpamancb ki» npHHHuaMb, BbJ3BaBLUHMT> HyKypjiapcnifi 
onoji3enb, npHBeAeM»» MH'feHifl 110 aTOMy Bonpocy Kaicb kommhccîh, 
nepBonaMaJibHO ocMaipHRaBuien axy BrfccTHOcTb bt> cpeAHH-fe HHBa- 
pn J907 roAa, TaKi> h it. TleAAaKaca h Kopo'feAOBa. 

IIO MH'feHilO KOMMHCCUÏ, JViaBHOK) npMHHHOK) OnOJI3Hfl HBJIH' 

iotch oÔH^bHbifl rpyHTOBHH boah, CMaHHBaiomia HenpoHHu,aeMwe h 
TBepAue uiH(J)epHbie cjioh; bt> pesyjibTarfe CKOJibHœme BepxHHX'b 
MflrKHXTî cjioeB-b, npeBpamaiomHxcfl bt> jraiiKyio rpn3b, 110 hhîk- 
hbmt> njiacTaM'b cjiaHueBT>. 

OHa 3aHMCTB0BaHhi m3t> npoTOKOJia ocMOTpa MtcTHOCTM KOMMHCCieio, npHma- 

!UeHH0IO)5ijlTHHCKOIO PopOflCKOIO YnpaBOK) B'b HHBapt 1907., H H3T> flOKJiafla 

H. M. IleAflaKaca bt> MtcTHOMi» TexHH4ecK0MT> OÔmecTBt: n BbiHCHeHiH npw- 
hhhi» onycKaHisi h cnoji3aHÎH MtcTHOCTH «HyKyp/iapi.> bt> r. 5ïjiTt". 

r 
KpOMt TOrO, MU HMfcjIH B03M0>KH0CTfa OSHaKOMHTbCfl CT> peSyHbTaTaMM 

H3biCKaHifi, npoH3BefleHHbixT> B'b paftoHt HyKypnapcKaro onoji3HH K. H. Ko- 
potflOBbiM-b; r^aBHtftuiie h3t» hhxt,, a TaioKe peKOMeHflyeMbiH r. KopotflOBUMT> 
Mfcpw npMBeAeHbi h&kh HHxce. 



— 26 — 




Pue 2, 

Cnojiâamio TOJtbKo ^tû HasBaimuxi. ejioeB'b enocQÔcTByerb 
oGiuitë ckjioh'l mIîcthocth ki. Mûpio. KoMUnt'Cm yna^bifiaerb, ;ia- 
Jilse, mto rjiaBnwft noTûia. no/^eMtîbiXb boat* BaflpaBJiffeTCfl no rfc- 
Bepo-BOCTOHHOMy oTpory ropM MoraôH, na KOTopo*ni pacnojioîHeHa 
HaflaaH yjiHiia, 

I\ IleMaKac'b ocTaHaBJiHBtieT€Fï noflpofiïrfce Ha BWHçneam 
upHMHHt ono^'aHH bt> yponHiirt «HyKyp.nnpi^, yKa3biBafl. upem^ie 
BCerOj na HCKJuoMHiejibHHH MeTeopojioi l HHecKÎrt ycaoBijï. narfcBLuïfi 
M'feeTo B-b fljirk B T b 190B rofly, IIo ero aruBaM-b, crb ÀBrycTa 3T0* 
ro rofta AO nocjrb^HHXiï uneû (HHBapb 1907 r.) Bb jîjitIj Bbina.no 






— 27 — 

npn6jrau. 400 mm (0,19 cane.) ocrakort,. Ecjiw npHHarb, qro bo- 
At>c6opHaa MomaAb Ch iijioiuaAbio onox-si-in BKAioqHTe;ibHQ pas- 
HHercH m Mente 12,000 kb, ca?K,, to Ha yiioMflHyxyïo momfmb 
DpHfleTCfl npnfiji. 22S0 «y6 ea>K* (1.824,000 BeAepi») boam; bqjw 
aru mm cftaqajia Ha nacHm*Hie iio^ïbh onojRHA, a 3arfeMi> cTa- 
jïh BbiTcnaTh na Gepery Mopn. 






Pue, 3. 

Ofipattjagcfc, Aajrfee^ K r b reoTeKTOiinK*fe m^cthocth, IleAAaKac'b 
yKaatJuaerb na HaxomAeHÎe onojr<wetf ex ByjiKaHHHecKHX'b ofua- 
cTflx-L HpuMa, rA* npoïicxoAHTB ropoo6pa30BaTe^bHue npoueccw; 
6eperoBHe cabhfh oôpaayiGTCH aA'feeb, ÔJiaroAapa cAsury,- npoxo- 
AfliueMy no Bcewy io>KHOMy ôepery KpbTMa. A&Jrfce ohj> craBurb m 
cBH'èb Banajio ofïpaaoBaHia cepbe»HMXT> rpemnirb bx îynypjiapfc 



-2Ô- 

t% 3eMJieTpflceHieMi > , npoMcxoAHBUiHirb no^TH oAHOfepeiteHHO Bt 

KûHCTaHTHHOnOJI'fe. *) 

fla^bH'feËiuyK) CBH3b flBJieHiô cnojiBaHiH bt> Hynypjiap'fc ct> re- 
oTeKTOHHKoio M'fecTHocTH r. neAAaKacb ycMaTpHBaerb BT> Haxo>K- 
AeHÎH Hynypjiapa h JlHBaAiôcKHXT» BHHorpaAHHKOB'b Ha nepecfene- 
Hin AByxT> CABnroBi>: ôeperoBoro, HAymaro bt> HanpaBJieHin N— S, 
h apyroro — W fnocjrfeAHee coBiiaflaerb cl HanpaBJiemeM'b bh- 

XCAOBT. fljITHHCKHX r b H3BepweHHWXT> nopûAT*. **) 

Hto KacaeTCH M'fepi», KOTopwn Morjm 6u ôurh npeAnpnHHTbi 
ct> u'fejibio ynp'fenjieHifl HyKypjiapcKaro onoji3HH, to Bt stom'l ot- 
HOiuemH ynoMflHyraH kommhccîh BbicKasbiBaeTCfl aa HeoôxoAHMocrb 
npoH3BOACTBa H3WCKaHiâ Ha cfeBepo-BOCTOHHOM'b oTporfc Moraôn no 
HanpaBJieHiio ott> npyAa Ha JlnBaAiftcKHX'b oropoAax'b kt> nepecfe- 
HeHiio iuocce ci> ^afiHoio yjiHijeK), y AOMa MHHHCTepcTBa nyTeft 
coo6memfl. Ob 3TOH) u'fejibio KOMMHCcieio peKOMeHAyeTCH 3a./io>KHTb 
Tpn pflAa? KOJiOAijeB'b HM'feiomHX'b ivfejibio H3yneHie pacnpeA^JieHin 
noAseMHUxT» boat>? Pfl ApeHaaca KOMMHccia npoeKTHpyerb 
ycTpoâcTBo 7 KOJioAixeBt r;iy6. ao 10 cane., oômaa CTOHMOCTb 
hxt>— 1600 p. 

. KoMMHCcia npH3Haerb, Aajrfee, Heo6xoAHMHMT>, no oKOHHaHin 
H3MCKamfi, Ha ocHOBamn pe3yjibTaTOB , b bthxt* nocjrfeAHHX'b npne- 
TynHTb HeMeAJieHHO jw HacTyiuieHia BeceHHflro TanHia cH'feroB'L, kt> 
qaCTHHHOMy OTBOAy nOA3eHHbIXT> boat> bt» Hanôojrfee onacHwx*b BT> 
ciibicjrk cnoji3aHÎH MtcTaxT,. Bt> 3aKJiioHeHie, kommbccIh oôpamaerb 
BHHMaHie Ha HeyAOB#eTBopHTejibHoe cocTOHHie HafiHofi yjimjw cb 
U'fejibio HeMeAJieHHaro yperyjiHpoBamfl CTOKa no Heft AOJKAeBbix-b 
boat>. ***) 



*) HanoMHHM-b sfltcb, hto bt> jiHTepaTypfc HM-feeTca yKa3aHie IlajiJiaca 
Ha aeMJieTpjiceHie bt» KpwMy 10 h 28 4>eBpajiH 1786 rona, coBnaBiuee ci» onoji- 
3HeMT> bi> flep. KyHyhi> — koh (cm. bu me). 

**) Bt» kohitb sToro cjjBwra, roBopHrb neAnaKaci. ,,HaxoaHTC« Majio 
KOMy HSB'BCTHbift, ho KpaftHe xcHBonHCHbif) oiioxoeHb „Kaparojit — BapôajiHH- 
ckIh, HAymift napajuiejibHO jcpaio ftHjibi". 

***) ripH ocmotp'b nacTH HM'BHifl «JlHBaflifl», npHMbiKaiomefl kt> Hynypjiap- 



- 2* — 

F. riejutfiKac'fe *), roBopn o M'fepaxi», HeoôxoAHMOCTb koto- 
pHxi> BM3MBaeTCH HyKypjiapcKHMT, onoJisHeMT,, yKaawBaerb Ha c/rfe- 
Ayiomifl: Hepa^piîiueHie bt> TenymeMi» roAy nepeKanbiBamn bhho- 
rpa^HHKOBT> h ca^OB-b; sacuriKa TpemHH-b h npoBaJioBT> rjiHHOio; ot- 
Be^eHie boah h3t> HynypjiapcKofi 6ajiKH bt> ôa^Ky Hkoôv, OTBeAe- 
Hie boah boaoctohhhxt> Tpy6t aomobt> HenocpeACTBeHHO bt> Mope; 
HeMeflJieHHoe oTnaHHBaHie boah H3t BcfexTï KOJiOAueBT> h OTBeAe- 
Hie en no «ejioôaMi» hjih Tpy6aMT> bt> Mope; yc/rpoficTBO H'fecK. 
HOBbixt KOJiOAUeB-b ct> ivfejibio 0TKa4HBaHia ea B-b Mope; ycTpoË- 
ctbo Bb paHOH-fe onoji3HH ufcjioPi cepin ocymHTejibHbix , b h ApeHaac- 
HHX-b KauaBb. 

F. Kopo*bAOB'i> hu ocHOBauiH H3bicKaHift npa nOMOmH KOJIOfl- 
ueBi> iviyô. ao 15 ca>K. m 6ypoBWXT> cKBantHH'b, dajioweHHHX'b B'b 
paôoH'fe MyKypjiapcnaro oiioji3hh, npHiuejrb kt> 3aKJnoqeHiio, hto 
aA'feiiiHifl ipyHTOBbia noiibi -He M'fecTHaro npoiicxo>KAeHifl, a, nHTa- 
HCb aTMoc(|)epHbiMH ocaAKaMH, ôepyTCH cl ropu Moraôn h3t> bo- 
AOHocuaro ropnsoiiTa (necqaHHKH h KOHivioMepaTH lopcKOft CMCTe- 
Mbi). **) ynoMHHyTbiË BOAOHOCHbiri ropnsoHT'b Aae*n- Haqajio raK>Ke 
pa^y HCTOHHHKOB-b cKJiOHOBb Moraôn: CyyKi>-cy, BhoK-b-cy h Ap. 
rpyiiTOBbia BOAi-i Hynypjiapa h npnjie>Kameft nacra JlnBaAin ***) Ha- 

XOflHTCH Bb ABHîKeHiH, npeACTaBJIHH COÔOK) nOA3eMHHH nOTOKT> Cb 

cpeAHeio cKopocTbio 14,43 <f>. Bb qacb f ABHH<ymiiicH Ha B-, TeM- 



CKOMy 0ri0JI3HK>, ÔbIJIH OÔHapyweHbl B'b JlHBajtfftCKOft' UepKBH TpeiUHHbl B'b CTi- 

Haxt, apKax-b h CBOAax-b, HBHBiiiiHCH pe3yjibTaT0M-b ABHweHia rpyHTa BCJitA- 

CTBle CMaHHBaHifl n0fl3CMHbIMH BOflaMM HH)KHMX-b CJ10CBF, CJiaHLja. KpOM"B TOTO, 

ôbinw 3aMtHeHbi TpemHHbi B'b MaHKax-b h B'b ÔJitDKaftiiiMX'b ki> uepKBH nocrpoH- 
Kax-b. B'b HMC^t M-sp-b, npeA/io>KeHO KOMMHCcieio. npoH3BOAHBiueio ocMOTpi», yc- 
TpoMTb uiyôoKift ApeHaw-b aji* OTBoaa noflaeMHHx-b boat» h h*bk. Apyr. 

*) *Mbi He B'b CMJiax-b», roBopnrL ohi>, yaajiMrb 9toti> npoueccb Ten- 
TOHHHccKaro xapamepa. a ao^>KHbi y>Ke npeaocTaBHTb BoacbeMy npoMucjiy. 
Boay mu MOweMT» ecjiM He cosepiijeHHO yflajiHTb, to, no KpaHHeH M-fepbi, 3Ha- 
HHTejibHo ocjiaÔHTb. Tan-b KaK-b BOfla — MtcTHaro npoHCxo»fleHifl hjih ■tpHte 
mo>kho oÔ-bHCHHTb 0TM0C(J)epHbiMM ocaflKaMH, BbinaAaiomHMH Ha AaHHyic MtCT- 
HOCTb, to Mbi h AOJiWHbi ynoTpeÔHTb cooTBtTCTByiomie cnocoôw ea yflajieHiH.» 

**) Boau sth npoHHKarorb bt> rjiHHHCTwe cjiaHuw, cnaraiomie MfecTHOcTb 
bi> paHOH-E onoji3Hîï, no TpemHHaMi> bi> nopoflt, ki> TOMy me HpesBbiHaflHO 
CKJiaflHaTOH, a TaKwe npiyponeHbi BtpoHTHO, kt> npocjiOHKaM-b necnaHHKa, no- 
51BJlHK)mHMC51 MtCTaMH cpeflw cjiaHqeB-b. 

***) XHMHHecKHMH onbiTaMH ycTaHOBjieHO cooCmeHie KOJioflueBT> h 6yp.. 
CKBawHH-b HyKypjiapcKaro paftona Ne>KAy coôoio h ci» HaxoAfliiJHMHCS! B'b JIh- 
BaAiH, 



— 80 - 

nepaTypa boah bt> KOJiOAuax'b h CKB&mvmax'b— okojio 11° P. IIo- 
HHHceHin ypoBHH boah bt> KOJiOAUax'b noHTH He aaM'feqeHO (BpeMa 
HaôjuofleHifl— 7 HeA'kJib). 

npHHHHbi^ Bbi3BaBinifl o6pa30Bame onoji3HH, no MH'feHiio r. 
KopcrèflOBa: I ) HaKJioHHoe (?) 3ajierame rjHHHCTbixT> onaHueB'b ; 2) 
Hapymeme ca*njieHia Me>KAy HacTHixaMH rpyHTa HepaBHOBffepHÔio 
Harpy3KOio, ÔJiaroAapa bmcokhmt» KaMeHHbiMT> nocTpoftKain> BT^^aH- 

HOH IfÈCTHOCTH; 3) BMXOflHmee H3T> pflfty BOHT> KOJIHHeCTBO aTMÛC- 

(^epHbix-b ocajiKOBi», BwnaBuiHX'b bt> fljirfe bt> 1906 roay: oho npe- 
BHCHJio B-b 2,02 pa3a cpeAHee roAOBoe KOjiHnecTBo ocaAKOB'b sa 
nocjrfeAHia 15 jrferb; 4) pa3HŒ>KeHie rpyHTa h nacTbio rJiHHHCTHX'b 
cjiaHueB'B noHBeHHWMH BOAaMH, oÔJierHeHHoe CTeKaHieM'b nocjrfeA - 
hhxtj OTqacTH qpe3i> TOJimy HaHocoBi» h npoAyKTOBt pa3pyuieHifl 
r^HHHCTbix'b c^aHueBT>; 5) noAMbiBame ôeperoBoro OTKoea noA3eM- 

HblMH BOAaMH. , 

BjiaroAapa bthmt» riocjrfeAHHM'b, a Tannée noAMHBaHiio ôepera 
MopeM-b. o6pa3yioTCH TpemHHH paspbiBa rpyHTa, napajuiejibHWH 
ôepery Mopn, BJieKymia 3a coôoio o6pa30BaHie TaKOBbix'b we bu- 
me no CKJiony h APHHfeme nocjrfeAHflro no HanpaBJiemio kt> Mopio. 

M/fepw, npoeKTHpyeMbifl r. Kopo'feAOBbiM'b: 1 ) HeAonymeHie 
yBejiHHeHifl rpyHTOBbixi> BOA'b bt> Hynypjiap'fe; 2) HeAonymeHie _3a- 
CTpaHBaHia HyKypjiapa KaMeHHbiMH nocTpofiKaMn; 3) yKp'fenjieHie 
fiepera iiopa; 4) OTBeAeme noTOKa rpyHTOBHXT> boa^, ôepymnxcfl 
ch Moraôn h ABHH<ymHxcH no HanpaB^emio kt> HyKypjiapy, nocjrfe 
côopa hxt> bt, noA3eMHOô ra^Jiepe*, bt> TaKOByio we, ycTpoeHHyio 
bt> 6&jik± AkoÔTï. 

IIoA3eMHbifl boaw, BJiiflHie KOTopMXb Ha pejibecjvb mècthocth, 
pa3CM0Tp*H0 HaMH Bbiuie, Bbi3biBaiOT , b ne TOJibKO npoBa^bi, oiioji- 
3hh, oÔBajiu, ho h HSMlmeHiff caaiaro 3ajieraHia njiacTOB'b. 

IlocJi'feAHee HBJifleTCH HapymeHHMM'b ÔJiaroAapa noA3eMiibiM , b 
o^BajiaM'b, npoHcxoAflmHM'b BCJi'bACTBie oôpyuiHBaHifl noTOJiKOB'b 
nemept, npn AaJibH'feôuieM'b yMeribuiemn hxt* pasM'fepoB'b: HBJieme, 
Ha KOTopoe Mbi y>ne oôpamajin BHHMaHie Bbiine, KorAa niJia plnb 
oôt» o6pa30BaHia oÔBaJioB'b. Kt> HMCJiy TaKOBbix'b cjiyqaeB'b, ocq- 
6eHHO xopomo noflCHHiomHX r b TOJibKO 4to cKa3aHHoe, npHHaAJie- 
jkhtt, Haô^iOAaeMMâ bt> 0Kp. 3ôcjie6eHa. lLiacTbi t. h. necTparo 
necnaHHKa, 3a.neraiomie sjifkcb Ha cjiohxtj H3BecTHHKa ct> 3aJie- 
msMU rnnca, b^ KOTopoM-b M-fecTaMB saM-fenaiOTCfl nemepu, npeA- 



— 31 — 

CTaBJIHIOTCH H30rHyTHMH, IlliCTaMH CTOHmHMH BepTHKaJIbHO, CABH- 

HyTWMH h npoH.; noBepxHocTb necnaHHKa noKpbrra upoBajiaMH. 
OqeBHflHO, nocntAHie, KaKT> h Hapytrieme * njiacTOBamfl necqaHHKa, 

CTOflTl> BT> CBA3H CT> o6pyiUHBaHieMT> nOTOJIKOBT> 3A*UIHHX'b ne- 

mept, 0TKy,aa BMmejianHBaiOTCH noA3eMrtHMH BOAaMH 3HaraTejib- 
HUfl Maccbi rnnca. 



H3T> npeAHAymaro bhaho, Ram* pa3HOo6pa3HH HBjjeHÎH, pa3- 
CMOTp'feHiK) KOTopwx-b Mbi nocBHTHJiH Hamy JieKU'lK) O nOASeMHMX'b 
BOAaxi>, codaBJifïiomHX'b jiHuib nacTb boat*, BbHiaaaiomHX'b Ha 3eM- 
Hyio noBepxHocTb bt> bea* aTMOC(J>epHHXT> oca^KOB-b: mu He na- 
caJiHCb SA'fecb BOBce npoTOHHwx'b BOA'b. fla h rjiaBa o noA3eMHbix , b 
BOAaxT> ôujia HcqepnaHa HaMH AajieKO He bch: bh* Kpyra Haïuero 
pa3CMOTp-feHifl ocTajiHCb, Hanp. f MHHepajibHue hctohhhkh, hxt> 
ocaAKH h npoH. 

OAHaKO, h aaTpoHyTbie naMH Bonpocbi caMH no ce6* npeA- 
CTaBJiHKrrb He MajibiH npaKTHMecKift h M-fecTHbiH HHiepecb. IIocjtIîa- 
HeMy Mbi crapajiHCb oTBecTH sA'fecb, no bo3mo>khocth, noAOÔaiomee 
m^cto m bt> 3T0M-b OTHOUjemH conocTaBJienie AaHHbix-b, othoch- 
iuhxch kt> KpbiMy, B-b HucToameH jienuiH KaaœTCH HaMi> AaJieKo He 
jimuHHM-b hah BbiHCHeHifl H'feK. ocoôeHHocTefi pejibe<|)a h reoJiorH- 
qecKaro CTpoeHia KpbiMCKHX'b rop-b. 



JlMTepaTypa- 



1) Myumemoeh. <J>M3HHecKafl reojioria. 2-e h3a. C.-IIeTep- 
6ypn>. 1903. T. II. Bwn. I. 

2) roAOôKUHCKiu. Hctohhhkh HaTbipAara h BaôyraHa. (Ct> 
2-mh KapTaMH). CnMcfepoiiojib. 1893. 

S) JleeahcoecKiû. O HapyjKHwx'b h noAseMHwx'b BOAax-b 
EKaTepHHocji. h TaBpHH. ryôepHiâ. TopH. }KypH. 1883. Iiojib. 

4) ITeddakacv. O BJiiHHiH jrfeca Ha rpyHTOBbia h noA3eM- 
HHH BOAbl. CnM(J)eponojib 1905. 

5) HHoempaHtieôh. CooômeHie o6t> HCTOMHHKax-b K»KHa- 
ro ôepera KpwMa. IIpoTOKOJiw C.-IleTep6. 06m. EcreCTBoncn., CTp. 
XX— XXII t. VII tTpyAOBi,*, 1876, 



— 82 — 

6) Illytypoeh Kt> Bonpocy o ôeajrfecemH KpuMCKoâ Hôjth. 
3an. Kp.— KaBK. TopHaro Kjiyôa. JV2JV2 1—3—1907. ÛAecca. 

7) roAOôkuHckiiï. HaôJiioAfiHiff HaA^ ocaAKaMH bt> iioHB*fe 
1896. 

8) Ileddatcach. Kt> Bonpocy o6t ofipaaoBaHin HCT04HHK0B-b 
h rpyHTOBHxi> boai> h noA3eMHofl pocw. (AjiyniTa. 1905). 

9) roAOôKUHCtàû. coBpeîieHHOM'b nojio>KeHiH apTe3iaH- 
CKaro A^Jia bt» TaBpH4. ryôepHÎH. CHMgbeponojib. 1896. 3an. TaBp. 
Ty6. 3cmck. Coôpamn. 

10) rUMumpiesb. OcMOTpt nemepf. bo BpeMH iio^akh Ha 
HaTwpAan> 29 Ifohh 1892 roAa. (Ct, npnjio>K. KapTH M 1 h 
AByx-b TaÔJitmt MeTeopoji. Ha6;i.) 3an KpwMCK. TopH. Kjj. 1893. 
Bun 3. 

11) Qtih Ofce. 3KCKypcifl Ha HarapAarb, kt> HCTOHHHKaivrb 
CaJiiHpa h bt> nemepw KH3HJib-xo6a B r b 1893 r. TaMi> me. 1894. 
Bbiu. 4. 

12) 3aiït(ee'b. [43^ BueqaTjrfeHift ucrfesAKH m* nemepaMi. Ha- 
rapAara. Tain, me. 1906. MM 9—12. 

13) JleôeduHChciiï. Kt> qbayirfe KpwMCKHxi, uemep-b. 3an. 
Hob. 06m. Ect. T. XXIII H. II 1900. T. XXV. B. 2 1904. 

4) Du Daiûloff. Le district de Jalta (Crimée). Etude de 
geôgr physique. Paris. 1905 

15J CohCO.îoôh. IlpouiJioe h HacTOHiuee 3eM^H rec/ionmecKie 
oqepKM. MocKBa 1890. 

16) Jleeahcoechciû. H3CJil>AOBaHie HaA'b o6pa30BaHieM-b TaB- 
pH^ecKHX'b ropi, XapbKoB'b. 1881. Ota. ott. H3b «TpyAOB-b» oôuj,. 
ncn. npHpoAbi. 

J7) EopucHKh. O ropHwx-b oÔBaJiaxx 6.iH3b A.'iynKH B-b 
Kpbuiy. 



Zinal-Rolhorn (4223 m.- mis *t) - 

2 Cemnflôpfl (20 Aeiycma) 1905 i. 

Cpe^H rpoMa^Hoft noAKOBbi IleHHHHCKHX'b Ajibm>, oKpyMcaio- 
meft c-b BocroKa, iora h 3anaAa IJepMarrb, qeTBipe cKajracTMX'b 
Be;inKaHa cqaTaiOTCH HanMeH'fee AOCTynHWMH no TpyAHOcra bocxo- 
mnemn: Mont-Cervin (^4482), Dent Blanche (4364), Weisshom 
(4512) h Zinal-Rothhorn (4223 m.) (*). 

3HaqHTejn>HO paH*fee Toro ahh, o KOTopoM'b haôtt» ptqb hh- 
)Ke, MH'fe npnxoAHJiocb JiioôoBaTbCfl CTpofiHofi h JierKoft (})Hry- 
pofi Rothhorn'a, nOAKynaBineft kt> TOMy->Ke mojiboû o6t> HHTepec- 
H'feôuieM'b BOcxo>KAeHiH no cKaJiaM'b. OcoôenHO co CH'feîKHHX'b no- 
jieft Teo/iyJia h ct> BepiuHHH Unter-Gabelhorn ôpocajiCH bt» i\iia3a 
oôpbiB-b Ha boctoktd kt> AOJiHHfe cb. HHKOJiaa, a caubift nHKi>, Ka- 
aajiocb, KaKT>-6w HaABHHyjicfl Ha IJepMaTTb. 

CyAH 110 IipeflOCTOpOJKHOCTflM'b, Ha KOTOpMXT> HaCTaHBaJIH 

Mofa oxjiHHHbie npoBOAHHKH Math i as h Sébastian zum Taugwald 
(sB'feaAOHKa bt> nyTeBOAHTejrfe Whymper'a) a BnepeA^ nojiyqHjn, 
AOJi>KHoe noqTeme kt> npeAMeTy mohxt> BOJKA'fc.neHift; to tbo3ah 
npnxoAHJiocb nepeKOBaTb, to KynnTb BTopyio napy pyKaBHirb, to 
3axBaiHTb ôauiJibiKb Ha cjjyqaft MRTejia. CA^aHO ômjio Aawe npeA- 
jiowenie npoM'feHHTb Rothhorn Ha qTO-jra6o HHoe; T. k. mojk- 
ho ôhjio OHCHAaTb CB'bncaro CH-fera h JibAa Ha CKa^axi* nocjrfc npo- 
AOJi>KHTe^bHoô AypHoft noroAH. 

HanoHeirb Bce ycTpoH.iocb, bi» tomt» qHc:rfe h norOAa, h Be- 
qep-b 1 ceHTflôpa aacTaji'b nac-b B'b ropHOM'b OTeJi'fe Tpnc^rb (2300 
m.) Bb nByx-b qacaxi> K r b 3anaAy orb IJepMarra. ÛTejib JiOKHrb bt> 
KOTJioBHH-fe, kt> KOTopoH cb pasHbix'b cTopoH'b cnycKaiOTCH Gabel- 
horn-Trift — h Rothhorngletschcr; xoth ohi> h cJiy>KHrb irfecTOM'b 
nporyjiKH mi> LJepMarra, ho îviaBHyio qacTb ero- rocTefl cocTaBJH- 



*) nepBoe Bocxo>KfleHie Ha Zinal-Rothhorn HcnojiHeHO co ctopohw I4h- 
HajiH aHniHHaHaMH Leslie Stephen u Craufurd Grove ct> npoBOAHMicaMH Mcl- 
chior h Iakob Anderegg 22 ABr. 1864 r. OnHCbiBaeMaa HH>Ke aopora co cto- 
poHbi IJepMarra Hcno/iHeHa bt> nepBbiH pa3i» aHi\nnHaHaMH Dent u Passiugham 
ci» npoBOflHHKaMH Alexauder Burpener, Franz Anderraaiten m Ferdinand Imsen<r. 
5 CeHTaÔpji 1872 r. Bt> HacTonmee BpeM$> oneHb nacTO Bt oahht> aeHb mc- 
no^HHioT'b o6a nyTw: noAHMMaioTCH co CTopoHbi HepMaTTa h cnyoKaiOTca bt» 
UHHajib. 



— 84 — 

iorb aJifciiHHHCTH, noAHHMaiomiecH H3T> hojihhh kt Beqepy et 
irfeJibK) flBHHyTbca AaJibine paHHHM-b yipoMi,. EfaHopaMa AOBo;ibHO 
orpaHHMeHa (cb aJibniôcKOft toikh ap-feHifl), a Zinal-Rbthhoi-n bt> 
i iacTHOCTH HacTOJibKO 3acTaBJieai>, ^to BHAHlieTCH TOJibuo kohhhk-l 
BepniHHM, AaJieKo He BHymaiomiH kl ceô* npewHnro noiTOHin. 

nocjrfe çKpoMHaro oô'feAa, 3aKa3a npoAOBOJibCTBin Ha campant- 
HiË AeHb h nocjilî ôechivb ct> AByMfl Tpeatn ajibnHHHcraMH, çnA'feB- 

HIHMH B-b CTOJIOBOÔ, OTnpaBJIfllOCb CIiaTb. 

Bt> flBa naca hohh, KaK-b ôbuio ycjioBJieHo, cTyKL bl ABcpb. 
CoBepniaeTCfl aJibniâcKift TyaJierb — bm^cto yMbiBaHba cMasbiBUHie 
Jinija cajioifb — no KapMaHaMT» pa3M-kmaioTCfl pyKaBHUbi, Kapiu, an- 
Tena, 3anHCHMH khhjkkh, h, HaKcmeivb, nocjrfe Bcero c-Ji-fe/ivioTi, th- 
Hcejiwe ôothhkh, HacTOflinie ôpoHeHocijbi. BHH3y mjxer'b Koi|)e, Jier 
Kaa 3aKycKa h, HaKOHeu'b, nocjrfe reHepajibHofi ynanonKH iipoBH3in 
h upoBljpKH BepeBOK r b, iiycKaeMca bt, nyTb (3 h. 15 mhh hohh) 

Okojio naca BpeMeHH npn CB'feT'fe cjpouapn cji'feAyeM'b 110 Tpo 
nnHK'fe mhmo pynHi> npe>«HHro o^ejia, BAOJib nacTÔnnj-b h, HaKO- 
Heu'b, noAHHMancb BBepxTj no CTapoâ KOHeHHon MopeH'fe Aoernra- 
eMi> 03epua, nïrraiomarocfl boaoh Triftgletscher n Rothhoru fflet- 
6cher. JIfljrbe cnpaBa, ocvrpuft KaKi» ,ie3Bie, Ho>Ka, B03BbiuîaoTca bm- 
cokîè b3lai> jrbBofi MopeHbi Triftgletscher'a, npHHHBiiiifi rpan,Û03Hbie 
pasM^pw noAi» BJiiflHieM-b onycKaHia noBepxHOCTH jieAHHKa. Ilo 
Bepxy 3T0fi ôokoboô MopeHH Hama TponHHKa uoAHHMaeTCH Bce bu- 
uie h, CR'hjidLB'h HeôoJibinon 3nr3ari> Bnpaao, nepexonun, i-ia npa- 
By» ôoKOByio MopeHy Rothhorngletschera no Koropon Aa.rfct\ i*ce 
Bwuie, Bce Kpyne, bt» KOHijfe no MHoroHHCJieHHbi.vrb KaMHHMi,. 3n±cu 
Hacb HacTHraiorb nepBwe npoÔJiecKH cBlîTa h itajio 110 Ma;iy onpy- 
watoman Hacb KapTHHa ct> AaJieKHML bhaomi> na ciit.wiibiH 110 
an h TeMHWfl CKaJiw pasBepTbiBaeTca npeAi> rjia3aMH npn uepBOM-b 
ÔJiecKh yTppHHHro cojimia. 

Me>KAy rfein» Mbi noAXOAHMi no JibAy h o6;iOMKaM-b in> toA 
HacTH Rothhorngletschcr , a 1 rA'kom> 3aMbiKaeTcn BbicoKHMi, cKa-inc- 
TbiMij rpeÔHeMT> (2 ^ac. OT-b oTejia TpHcfrrb); BHn»y BAo.ib aioro 
rpeÔHH mh HAeMT» nanpaBO no r^ieT i iepy, He npeACTaBjinioineMy 
3A^Cb HHKaKHX-L 3aTpyAHeHiH. 

Ki> uiecTH qacaMij yTpa mm no^xo^HM-b kt> o^HOMy H3'bT'fex , b 

OÔ'feTOBaHHMXT» M'ÈCT'b r^t COBepUiaK)TCfl 3aBTpaKH, A'feJiaeM'b npn- 
BaJIT> KhJlH, BHHMaHie Me>KAy COAepîKHMHM'b 6yTbU10Kl> H bhaomt> 



— 85 — 

Ha uepMaTTCKÎa ropw. Cairb IïepMaTTb BHH3y y HaniHXT> Hort Bect 
bt> TyMaH'fe, a BBepxy, bt» Jiaaypn Heôa, h bt> apKBX'b Jiynaxt 
cojiHua pasBepTHBaeTca rpaHAio3Haa n/ieTnepHaa naHopaMa; 

TOJJbKO OTCIO^a MO>KHO nOHHTb KaKÎfl Heo6l>HTHUH no-ia 

cH*ra h Jib/ia Bucarb mxb aojihhoô cb. HHKOJiaa. Ho He Jia3ypb 
He6a m ne 6jiecK-b rjieTHepoB-b TflHerb kt> ceô-fe ajibHHHHCTa, to, 
hto o>KMflaeTT> Haci> Bnepe^H— AHKie oôpbiBbi, rjiyôoKia nponacTH, 
3ifliomifl nojyh HoraMH, — bott» hto 3acTaBJiflen> a;ibnHHHCTa BHOBb 

H BHOBb B03BpamaTbCH BT> TOpM BCe yBCflHHHBafl Tpy^HOCTb 3K" 

cneAHuiô, KaK-b nopitfio HapK03a, nona ohi» He naaeT-b îKepTBofi 

CBOeË CTpaCTH. 

Bt> btomtd irbcrfe oôwHHafl „Aopora" /rkJiaerb 3Hr3arb BJil5B0 f 
KaK'b-ôbi H'fecKOJibKo B03BpamaHCb Ha3aAT>, m noAHHMaacb BKocb no 
BepxHHM'b qacTHMi, rjieTqepa, HanpaBJiaeTca kt> CKajiHCTOMy rpeô- 
hk), cjiy>KameMy aajibHiiËiiiHM'b noAXOAOMi>, ho mbi bt* pa3CHerfe Ha 
npoHHOCTb cH'fera ABHraeMC» npaMO BBepx'b no KpyTOMy nieTHep- 
HOMy H3biKy h sarfeM-b npoAOJiHfaeM'b no CKaJiaM'b h irkjibiM-b pa- 

AaMT» MeJIKHX'b KaMHHOB'b BblXOAHM-b Ha rpeÔGHb. Ha BCeM'b upoTa- 

HteHÎH rpaH tf-rb cHJibHo BMB-feTpnjica, npH^aBaa rpeôeuiKy bea^ rpy- 
AM KpynHW\"b oôjiOMKOB'b, HaBajieHHHXb B-b ôesnopaAK*. Bnpô- 
qeMij Bcfe ohh npeACTaBJiaiOT'b BuojiH'fe HenoABHJKHyio h yAOÔHyio 
onopy AJifl Horb, a bt> 6o;rfce TpyAHbix'b M-fecTaxi», ta* npaxoAHT- 
ca u.'fenjiaTbca, h rjih pyirb. TaKHM^o6pa30M'b cpeAH aToro Mipa rpoMaA- 

HMXTd nJlHT'b, TOp^amHX'b BO BCfe CTOpOHbl, CfepOBaTO-p030BarO U,B±Tdi 

mh npoAOJiJKaeMTi nani'b nyTb h kt> BocbMH Hacaarb y>Ke HacTOJibKO 
noABHHyjiHCb Bb cBoen paôoTt, mto BepuiHHa Zinal-Rolhhoru, ao 
3THx-b nopT> BnoJiH'fe CKpMTan, acHo BUAHa ct> Hauien no3Hi|ÎH. noAT» 
îipeA^ioroMT, AeTaJibHaro oôoapbHia npeAcroamaro Haxn> nyra mu 
pacno.aaraeMca rjih Bioporo 3aBTpaKa iioat* ocTpbiM'b nHKOM-b, ko- 
TopwM-b aaMunaeTca CKajmcTaa HacTb rpeÔHa. 

npeAi> HaMH MaccHB-b Rothhorn'a (KaKi> h^mum HasuBaiorb 
Gipielaiifbaû), yHHHTOiKaiomiH Hacb cbohmh iiponacTaMH. Me>KAy 
HHM'b h HaMH THHeTca 3HaMeHHTaH «arête du Zinal-Ruthhorn». 
Becb rpeôeuien'b, HaMHHaa ott> Hacb h ao cKajiHCTaro MaccHBa, co- 
BepmeHHO 3aBajieHi> cH'feroM b, npHHaBuiHicb noA^ BJiiameM'b B-feTpa 
(J)opaiy ocTparo jie3Bia, MtcTaMH ct> HasHcaion^HM-b KpaeM-b, Bpo- 
A'b rtxb cubmHbiK'b Ba,ioBi>, 4T0 o6pa3yk)Tca bt> MaTe^H B^ojib 
mHTOBb, orpa^AaïomHxij >KeJib3Ho AopomHoe hojiotho. TojibKO 
3AËcb aBJieme npHHHMaerb rHraHTCKie pasM'fepu: arête noxowa Ha 



— m — 

tTÈJIblâ pflAT» OrpOMHMX'b 6 r fejIMXT> BOJIHT> BT> HiiCKOJIbKO CaHteH'b 

bhcoth, oKaMeH'ÈBUiHX'b M6}Kfly AByMH nponacTHMH; h xau'b-Hfe 

KaKT> BT> MOp* BepmHHW BTHXT» BOJIHT» rpeÔHHMH CBOHMH HaBHCaiOrb 

nsiXb nycTOTOH (bto t. Ha3- corniches). BAOJib 9thxt> arêtes h cor- 
niches Ha npoTHMcemn noay-qaca h JieHcarb Haoïb nyTb. OaMO 
coôok) noHHTHO, hto flBHraiOTCfl KpafiHe MejiJieHHo, octopoîkho » po- 
6yn noAt Horoft CH'ferb, npe>KAe q'feM'b nepeHecTH Ha Hero bcïo 
THHcecTb rfejia. IIomhmo y3K0CTH npoxoaa, HanoMïmaiomaro H-fe- 
CKOJibKO xojKAeme no KanaTy bt> anpK'fe, nocTO«HHbix r b noA'beMOBi. 
h cnycKOBTj no CH'ÉHŒHM'b BOjraaM'b h pncKa oôuajia noAiaaB- 
uihxt>) „ corniches", HeyAOÔCTBO ycyryÔJiaeTCH h6bo3moîkhoctlio 
3airfenHTbCfl syôOM-b khpkh 3a qTo-Jinôo t. k. cl oô-fenx'b cto- 
poHT> H3T> noAT» Horb „arête" KpyTO yxoAHTii bt> iiponacTH, oc/raB- 
jiflfl ajibnHHHCTa bt> nojio>KeHiEL HeoôwKHOBeHHo BosAynmoarb. Ilpn 
cJitAOBaHiH BAOJib „ corniches 1 * ocTopojKHOCTb yABanBaiorb t. 
k. Hep'feAKO HaBHcaiomiH mmurb CH'fera npoÔHBaeTca naeKB03b rop- 
hoh khpkoh (jieAopy6oMT>) hto sacTaBJiHerb AepjKarbCH bosmojkho 
AaJibine côoKy orb Kpaa c/iliAyfl t. 06p. no KpyTOMy Kocoropy, aa 
KOTopuM'b rjia3T> yraAHBaeT'b 6e3AHy. BnpoqeMTD M'fecxo 3to ôwjio 
ocoôeHHO onacHO npn cnyoK*, KorAa CHlsrb CTaji-b MHoro mhpic 
noA't BJiiaHieMi> cojmija. Bo BCHKOM'b cjiyqa'fc mbi ocTaBjiaeM'b sa 
coôoË CH'fer'b co B3Aoxomt> oÔJierqemH h bt> 9 qac. yTpa npuBajiH- 
BaeMi» Ha CKajrfc, npeKpacHOîî oôcepBaTopin ajih ocraiomeftcfl qacxM 
Aoporn. 

HaqHHaa OTciOAa h ao KOHqa mh ôyAeM-b ABuraTbCH bt> cf>an- 
TacTHnecKOM-b Mip'fe cKaji'b h nponacTeô. Bott, bo nepBbix'b npeA r *> 
HaMH rjiaBHMô Kyjiyap'b KpyTO naAaiomiË H-fecKOJibKo bjiIjbo m hh- 
me Hacb kt> BepxoBbHiiTb Triftgletscher'a; ero Jierno npocTfeAHTb uo 
y3Kofl cHtacHOô Jieurh 3anojiHaioii];eH aho. 

Htoôh AOCTHrHyTb HHHtHeâ ero qacra mh naqHHaeM-b nepe- 
cfeKaTb HancKocb cnpaBa Ha jrfeBO, H'fecKOJibKo noAHHMaacb, io>KHb]H 
CKJiOH r b Rothhorn'a, cjrfeAyn ivhjiuwb pflAOMTj CKaJiHCTwx r b Kapuw- 
30bt>, HHorAa co cB , fe}KHM , b cH'feroM'b. Ki> cqacTbio HenoroAa np^Abi- 
AymHxi> AHeô Majio yxyAuiHJia cocToame CKaji'b, h cB'feHriH cH'feîKeK'b 
CBoeô npeAaTejibCKOô nejieHOH bt, Tpeui,HHaxT3 sacTaBJiaeT'b cpaB- 
HHTejibHo p'feAKo 3acTpnBarb HaujH 6othhkh. Me>KAy rfeM'b «a Jii>- 
bo rjiyôoKo BHH3y Bce ôojrhe h ôo^e HaHHHaerb yrjiyô^flTbcn 
noA'b HoraMH nponacTb — oahht> pi3t> T'fex'b bïtaobi,, nanie Moryx-b 
AaTb TOJibKO CKaJibi. JlerKocTb, B03AyuiH0CTb noAT>eMaî Heo6xoAH- 



- 37 — 

MocTh pa6oTaTt nce BpeMfl nwioBoft, cooôpaMtaH KyAa nocTaBHTb hô- 
ry, rxh 3au,bnHTbCH pyKoft, 6e3KOHeqHoe pa3Hoo6pa3ie h ahkoctb 
oôCTaHOBKH — BOTb to, HTO 3acTaBJiflerb npeAnonecTfc KapaÔKam^ 
no CKaJiaM-b yTOMHTOJibiioH h oo,Hoo6pa3HOô xoAbôls no CH-fery. Kt» 
TOMy >ne co3HaHie, mto cTynaeuib no oahomy ^t» 3JiOB , femHx r b rn- 
raHTOB-b ropb A'feficTByerb Ha HacTpoeme, ycnjiHBaa BneqaTjrfcHie 

MHHyTbI. 

flocTHrHyB-b HH3a Kyjiyapa, *) mh H'feKOTopoe BpeMfl ABHraeM- 
ch BBepxij iienocpe/jCTBeHHO no CH'fery, aanojiHfliomeMy aho. 3a- 
T'feM'b, Kor^a 6oKa Kyjiyapa craHOBHTCfl flocTynH'fee, mh H3ÔHpaeM , b 
nyTb Jifebe no u r fejioMy p«Ay ôoKOBbix-b KaMHHOBV htoôh He cjiy- 
>KRTb MHUieHbK) ajih riaAaiomHX'b KaMHeË, AJifl KOTopwx'b Kyjiyapa 
aB^fleTCH ecTecTBeniiHMi, wepjiOM'b. Efy KaMHHax'b Bce ôojrfee h 60- 
jrfee npnHHMaiOT'b yqaerie pyKH, a ropHan KHpKa, naK'b HHBajmAT> 
noBHcaerb y npaBofi pyra, TOJibKo M^man noA'beMy. „Gemûthlich, 
nur ganz çemiithlich", cjiHiiirrrcfl Bce qanje orpekt» ra^OB-b. H'feM'b 
Aajjbiiïe BBepxi., rkM-b i HMHacTHKa CTanoBHTCfl cjioncH'fee, AHxame 
*iame, Hirrepecb Combine. Euje OAHa npeAocTopo>KHOCTb BBepxy Ky- 
jiyapa: mm Aep>KHMCfl bo3mo>kho ôjinjKe Apyrx kt» Apyry, He co- 
ôjnoAaa oÔHHHwx'b HHTepBajiOB r b, hto6t> yMeHbniHTb onacHOCTb oi"b 

KaMHeÔ, BHpHBaK>IU;iïXCH H3T> nOAT» HOrb H CTpeMHTejIbHO yHOCfl- 

iijhxch BHH3 r b. Bb aTOM-b M^crfe Mljpa 3Ta Kpafine HeoôxoAHMa 
H3i>-3a CHJibHO BbiB'feTpeHHwx'b CKajrb.— 

Bt> 10 m. 30 m. yxpa mm AOCTHraeM'b t. Ha3. bhjikh (Gabel) 
BBepxy Hauiero Kyjiyapa, HeôojibuioË 6peuiH Me>KAy oahhmt> h3t> 
BTopocieneHHbix'b BbicTynoBT, h rjiaBHOft nacTbio MaccHBa. Ci> Apy- 

TOft CTOpOIIbf „BHJIKH* TJiyÔOKO BHH3y npOBOAHHKH nOKa3NBaK)TT> 

miiIî xn>KHHy Monntet Hepe3i> KOTopyio HAerb noA'beM'b • Ha Zinal, 
Rothhorn co ctopohm E[nHaJib, bt> Val d' Anniviers. Pa3MliCTHB- 
inncb yAOôiio B-b nauieM-b opjraHOM-b rH'fesA'fe Ha bhjik*, cpeAH 6e3- 
MOJiBnaro Mipa CKajn» h nponatvreô, OTAaeM7> AOJi>KHoe BHHMame co- 

Aep>KHMOMy BHHHOft (J)JIfl>KKH H CyXHMT> (^pyKTaMT*, T. K. HpOHÎe, 
iiaUlH 3anaCM BM-fccrfe Ch THpOJIbCKHMH M'feUIKaMH OCTa/IHCb BHH3y 

Kyjiyapa. Tenepb HacTynaeTT> o^epeAb ocTaBHTb ropHMfl khpkh (3a- 
HCKJno i ieHieM'b oahoh) aji» no^Hoô cboôoam pyio> h npoH3Becra pt- 

IUHTeJIbHHÔ UITypM-b BepUlHHH. 



*) T. Ha3. «ôojibtuofi Kyjiyapi, - . 2 aBrycTa 1879 r. flOKTop-L BpyHO Bar- 

Hep-b CO CnyTHHKaMH 6bl^l> flBa>KAbI OÔCbinaHT» Bl HeMl, CHtWHblMH JiaBHHaMM 

He npH4HHHBuiHMH oflHaKo BpeAa. OôbiKHOBeHHO ropaaAO 6o/ite onacaiorcsi na- 
AaiomHx-b KaMHen. 



- as - 

ÈoTb Bo-nepBHxi» orpoMHafl rjiuôa caaceHH TpH bmcotoA, aa* 




MbiKatomaa BHJiKy cnpasa n BOBce ne npoH3BOAamafl BneHaTjrfcme 
«Aopora* Aaœe bi> aJn>nifiCKOMT> CMticjrfe. H A'kôCTBHTeJibHO, Hann* 



— 39 — 

rtafl orî, bhjikh h ^o BepmHHH Aopora r raMT>, rA* momcho nojib- 
3ynci> bcÈmh cpeACTBaMH pyKi> h Hor'L npoHHKHyTb flajibnie bt» ne- 
CTpoM'i. KajTeftAocKon'fe npenflTCTBiâ. Ilocjrk B3HTifl nepBaro ôacTiona 
Ha^nnaoTCH kocom noÀxeMt no 3anaAH0My cKJiOHy Rothhorn'a h,. 
MHiioBaBT> Heôojibinyio ôpeuib, HacrojibKO y3Kyio, hto bt» HeË mohc- 
ho 3aKJiHHHTbCH, mm nonaAaeM'b Ha y3Kiiî, CKajracTbift KapHH3i>,ca- 
Moe exHflHoe M'fer.TeHKO. KOTopoe noKpbiToe npeAaTejibCKHM'b cirfcïK- 
komt» He Aaerb HHKanoH bo3mo)khocth 3ai*1mHTbCfl . cnpaBa py- 
koô, npeAOCTaBJiHH ynepHCHBaTbcn jiHuib npaBHJibHbiMi, paBHOBlici- 
eM-b Ha Horaxt. Bt> BTHX'b M'fecTax'b, TexHHKa noA'beMa cocTOHTb 
bt> tomt>, qTo ABHraiOTCH no onepeAH bt> to BpeMH KaKi> flBoe Apy- 
rax'b BbiÔHpaKyrb npoHHyio no3»uiio h, oÔMOTaBi, BepeBKy H'fecKOJib- 
ko pa3-b BOKpyn> KaKoro-Jin6o BHCTyna CKajiu, CTOHTb Ha roTOB*. 
T. 06p. bt> cjiyna'fe na^eHia Koro ;ra6o oht» noBHCb-6bi Ha npnBfl- 
3aHHoâ BepeBidb, He yBJienaH ocTaJibHHX-b. 

MpeSt H'fcCKOJJbKO MHHyTb MbI OCTaHaBJIHBaCMCH y OflHOrO H3T» 

o^enb cepi,e3Hbix'b 3aTpyAHeHift: Aopora saMHKaeTCH t. Ha3. „plaque 

lisse", CKaJlHCTblM-b CKaTOM-b HaCTOJIbKO TJiaAKHM'b, HTO H'ÈT'b B03- 

mohchocth HdLfim onopy juin Hor-b *). Bt> AByx'b-Tpex'b MtcTax-b cKa- 
jia. n36opo}KAeHa TpemHHaMH, KyAa c% TpyAOMT, nocjrfe othctkh 
hxt> orb CH-fera yAaeTca 3anycTHTb najibfjbi h co3AaTb t. 06p. 
Kanyio hh Ha ecTb TO^Ky onopw. 3to M'fecro ajihtch caweHH ab* 
npHHeMTj npn noA'beM'fe noABHraiOTCfl CTaBT> Ha KOJrfeHH h paôoTan 
hmh bx cbh3h cb pyKaMH. IIpH cnycK'fe jh±jio o6ctohtt> eme xy>Ke 
3anycTHB-b najibijbi B r b TpemHHH h pacnjiacTaBUincb Ha CKajrfe, 
BHCHiHb Ha pynax-b HaA^ nponacTbio, npHHeirb 3a OTcyTCTBieM'b 
KaKoft-jiHôo onopw Horn He bt> cnjiax'b 0Ka3aTb noMomb. Kt> to- 
My->Ke TpemHHw bt* cKajrfc pacnojiOHceHH Tain* HeyAOÔHO, hto He- 



*) Ch> sthmi» m-bctomt» CB5i3aHO BOcnoMHHaMie, o HecHacTHOM*b cjiyna* 
MM^BiueMi» MtcTO 20 ceHraôp. 1894 r. fl-p-b HorrocKS ci> npoBOAHHKaMW Joseph 
Maria Riener h Peter Perren cnycKaacb ci» Rothhora'a HaxoAHJica Kain> paai» 
Ha ynoM5iHyTOM*b m*bct*b; Biener, uieAUiift BnepeflH, y«e MHHOBajn> npen»TCTBie, 
a Perren ctohjit, Bbiiue ct> BepeBKoft oÔMOTaHHOfl o BfaiCTym» cxaiibi. 3tott» 
Kpaft CHamu copBancsi h, CH^bHO yflapHB*b A-pa HorrocKS, c6hjit> ero bhm31>; 
Perren, copBaHHbifi co CBOero M-bcTa noiieT-BJH» 3a hhmt». Biener He Mon» 
yAepwaTb hxi> h bc-b Tpoe co cicajibi Ha CKajiy HanajiH KaTHTbc* bhh3t>, noxa 
BepeBKa mokav HorrocKB h Perren He saqtnHjiacb «lynaftHO sa CKajiy. ocTaHO- 
BMB'b Hx-b naAeHie: hto KacaeTCH Biener 'a, to BepeBKa Me>KAy hhmt> h Horrocxi 
^onHyjia h oht, ynajn. bhh3t> Ha DurandgI. ct> bucoth 600 m. ta* Tpym. ero 
h 6bijrb HaftfleH-b. 



— 40 — 

p^AKO, npofeHcfeBij bt> TaKOMt noTOHcema 6e3ycirfemH0, Haflo bhobb 

nOAHHTbCfl Ha BepXt H COÔpaBUIHCb Ct CHJiaMH, OnHTb B030ÔH0BJIflTb 

MaHeBpt OTwcKHBan ôojrfce yAOÔHyio KOMÔHHaïuio TpenjHHt. 

BcKop'fe nocji'fe „ plaque lisse" mu AOcraraeMt oneHb npyTOH 
CH , fe>KHOô' ïiojihhu, no KOTopofl noAteMt HAerb BBepxt 6e3t bch- 

KHXt KOMDpOMHCCOB'b, BHCfeKafl KHpKOÔ CTyneHH» IÏHHŒift KOBeUt 

CHiîJKHaro cnaTa HaBHcaerb HaAt ofipbiBOMt h npn hgjiobkomi uia- 
rfc cnycKt Ha Zinal-gletscher 6bîjn>-6bi npaMOft k cKopbifi. 3avfeMt 
eme HicKOJibKO He3Ha t nrrejibHbix r b cKaJit h mu BbixoAHMt na Bepx- 
Hifi rpeÔenieKt. 

fl'feôcTBHTeJibHo BepxHHfl qacTb Rothhorn'a npeACTaBJiflerb ena- 
jihctmô rpeôeHb, npHqyAflHBO nspfeaHHbift h TflHymifica et iora na 
cfeBept kt> BepuiHH-fe. Ct aanaAa, OTKyAa mm noAHHJiHCb, Kpyrbia 
CKajibi yxoAflT'b rjiyôoKO Kt rjieTnepy IjHHajib, a cnpaBa 3iaerb 
CTpauiHaa nponacTb t. k. et boctohhoh ctopohh Rothhorn 06- 
pHBaeTCR OTB'feeHO Kt Hohlîchtgletscher h Taatt npaMO noAt ho- 
raMH BHAHbi CHHifl TpemHHbi JieAHHKa. 3to Ta caMaa Bocroquan 

CTOpOHa, HTO KaJKeTCfl Cp'fesaHHOÔ COBCfeMt BepTHKa^bHO H TaKOM 

6e3HaAe5KHOH ct Unter Gabclhorn'a. 

IlepexoAt OTt Hauien no3Hu;iH Kt BepuiHH'fe BAOJib rpeôeuiKa 
3aTpyAHaeTCfl CKajiHCTHMt OacTioHOMt, coBepiiieHHo 3aKpbiBaioinnMt 
npoxoAt— 3to t. Has. „»«afîAapMt u . T. k. He npeACTaBJi/ieTCH 
yAOÔHUMt BCKapaÔKaTbCfl Ha Hero, to mh piinaeMCH Ha ero 06- 

XOAt CnpaBa. Ct 3T0Ë CTOpOHM BHH3y BMCTynaiOTt HlsCKOJIbKO 

CKajiHCTbixt jionacTeft; MaHespt HcnojiHaeTca t. 06p., hto py«a- 

MH Kp'fenKO XBaTaiOTCfl 3a KaKOÔ-JIHÔO HaAOKHblH BblCTyiIt, Bt TO 

BpeMH naKt HHH«Hflfl qacTb rfejia coBepmaerb ABHHeeme na iioao- 
6ie MaaTHHKa, cji'feAyn no HH^cHHMt jionacTHMt; iiOTOMt MiiHflioTt 
TOHKy onopH pynt h t. a- nona oôxoAt He KOHnent. Bo BpeMH 
Bcero, oôxOAa noAt caMHMii HoraMH 3ineTt nponacTb BocTOHHaro 
oôpbiBa. Kt cqacTbK) 3to TpyAHoe M'fecTO a^ihtch HeAOJiro, uoe/rfe 
qero a AoroHflio nepeAHaro npoBOAHHKa. Ein,e H-fccKOJibKO ca>ne- 
Heô no rpefmio MeacAy AByMfl 6eaAHaMH, Jientifl cnajibi, neMHoro 
CHiiry h mh Ha BepniHH*. 

Ha KaHftH noô'feAW aohochtch CHH3y oTB'feTt — 3to KapaBant 
noAHHMateTca co ctopohh HHHajia; no TmaTejibHOMt pa3CMOTpfeHiH 
BM^CHaeTCH, hto napTHepw HanjH TaMt rjiyôoKo BHHsy ABflraiOTea 
nyTHMa, He ocBflmeHHMMH TpaAHideô, h 3a nosAHHjfb BpeMeHeMt 
(11 h. 30 m. yTpa) eABa-JiH MoryTt pa3CHHTWBaTb nonacTb HaBep- 
niHHy. 



— 41 — 

IlaHOpaMa He oeraBJiflerb JKejiaTb HHnero Jiyquiaro: orb 
Meidje b% Dauphiné h ao Toedi. Mbi AOJiro cnjyhjm Ha BepiiiHirk, 
3aHHMan ee BTpoeMij noqTH coBcfeMt, rp'feHCb HacoJiHU'fc KaKT> Hiije- 
pHiibi, JiioôyflCb Jia3ypbio He6a, (J)aHTacTHHecKHMH 3y6rjaMH ropi> h 

flpKHWb HCKpHIU,HMCH CH'fcrOM'b. H AyMaeTCH MH'fe, HTO TOJIbKO SA'feCb 

bhcoko Hajvh cyeTOH aojihh^, cpeAH nojmaro ôesMOJiBia npocTpan- 
CTBa npoxoAflrb en,HHCTBeHHWfl MHHyrbi Hameâ >kh3hh, kt> koto- 
pwirb He npHMisiiiHBaeTCH Ha KaiuiH ropena, a npHJiHB'b uouijioctr 

JIIOACKOË BTj OÔpa3-fe MOAHOH UepMaTTCKOH HyÔJIHKH HHKorAa He 

BcnJiecHen> CBoefi bojihoh ao BepuiHHbi Rothhorn'a. 

Bi> 12 q. 30 m. Mbi HaqnnaeM'b cijyctcb, He AO>KAaBiiiHCb 
napTiiepoB'b co cropoHbi IjHHajifl. 3HanHTejibHO no3>ne, KorAa mh 

MHIlOBaJIH y>Ke BCfe TpyAHOCTH H OCTaBMJIH 1103aAH Ce6a CH'feïKHblH 

„arêtes h corniches", noroAa HanaJia XMypHTbcn. C'fepoBaTbifl Ty- 
qH, KaKi> KycKH BaTM, hobhcjih Ha cKJionax'b Mont - Cervin h 
Weisshorn'a, sanpbiJiH rpoMaAHyio nupaMHAy Dent-Blanche, a Bep- 
HJHHa Rothhorn'a 3aKypHJiacb itoa^ naôliroMt 3anaAwaro B'feTpa. 
IIpomaË! 

Cnycicb Ha Rothhorngletscher ocjioHtiiflJiCH naAeHieMi* KaMHeft 
nrîcjils nojiyAHH. J3^HCTBHTejibH0 cna^HCTHË rpeôeHb bi> stomt* 

MtCTfe CHJIbHO BblBiiTpHJICfl H OTA'kJIBHbie KaMHH A^P^aTCfl TOJIbKO 

ÔJiaroAapa CBH3H jibAOM'i»; nocjrfc uojiyAiifl hoa^ ropflHHMH JiyqaMH 
cojiHU,a cRH3b axa HapyiiiaeTca h KaHOHaAa bi, noJiiioMi> xoAy. ïïpo- 

BOAHHKH CHJIbHO TOpOIlflT-b H Mbi iipOXOAHML BepXHM CH'feHCHblfl 

CKarb -iyTb He ô'feroM'h. Bo BpeMH iieôojibiijoft nay3bi cl CHJibHbiM-b 
uiyMOMiï cpbiBaeTCH cBepxy orpoMHbiiï Ka>ieHi», nepecfeKaerb To;ib- 

KO-HTO npOËAGHIlblH HaMH liyTb H BOH3aeTCfl Il1>CKOJIbKO HH>Ke BT* 

rvieTqep'b, BcnaxaB'b 3a coôoh rjiyôoKyio 6opo3Ay. 3to cojihahop 
npeAyupeHxAGHie mh cpuBaeMCfi Ch M r bcTa, cnycKaeMcn Ha Roth- 
horngletscher h GpocaeMCH najrfee- ô'broM'b, cK0Jib3H no CKaTaMT> no- 
Ka He BbJX0AHMi> wh coepbi oniH. He6o noKpbiJiocb ciuiouiHbiM'b 
C'fepbiM'b TyMaHOM'b, uaAaeTi» wkniem,— paôoTa KOHneHa, CKopiie 
bi> AOJiHHy. B-b 5Vî nac. mu npHÔbiBaeM-b bt, TpHqVrb 

BenepoMi, bt* coBepiueHHyio TbMy, mm Ha rviaBHOfi yjiHu-fe 
IlepMarra; MarasHHbi eme flpKO ocB'LmeHbi. Bb OTeji*fe Mont-Cervin 
rpeMETi. My3biKa, Ha Teppacis hshiuhhh AaMbi h KaBajiepbi— AHeB- 
Han cyeTa enj,e He K0H4HJiacb... Ho mhcjih Bce eiue TaMT> BM'fecrfc 
c^ toh ahkoh paucoAieH, 4T0 noeT'b Tenepb B'feTepT» yrpioMbiM r b 
CKaJiaM-b oAHHonaro BejiHKaHa. 

P. Aeanacbe6T>.—R. Athanasieff. 



^toKJia^t o6t> nacji^OBaHiH ropt PyBeHuopH 

HTaJILHHCKOK) OKClie^HUieiO COCTOiïBLLieK) noprb 

HanajibCTBOMi^ repuora Aôpyimnaro bt> 1906 ro,ay 

n saettaiii Kpui»CKO-KaBKa3CKapo ropiian KjiyOa 

12 AeKaÔpa 1907 r. 

BonpocT» o6"B HCTOKax'L Hnja c& ApeBH'feftmHX'B ripeiieirb 
3aHHMajn> yMbi yqeHbix'B h reorpaa>OB r b apeBHHro Mipa, cpe/UHHX'B 
H'ËKOB'B H HOB'bitraHXh BpeMeHB. — HHTepecB btctt» oqeHb dohîi- 

TeHTE», KaK^ BCJlliACTBie TaHHCTBCHHOCTH, UpHKpBlB'tlBUieft BTb TeqeHÎH 

h'êckojibkhx'i, TucflqHjilîTiii m^cthocth r^-fe ôepert Haqa.no BejH- 
Kaa aopHRaHCRafl plusa, HMfciomaH ôoji'fee ceun TbicaqB KH-iOMeT- 
poB"B ajïhhw h ycTynaiomaa tojibko AMaaoHCKOfi, Mhcchchiih 
KoHro, Ah'b — Ile— KiaHry h JIeH* no oôajiifo HecoMOfl eio boabi 
Tarb h BCJi'fiACTBie toto 3HaqeHia, KOTopoe OHa Bceraa Hwfejia 
h HM'feeT'B eme h b»b Hacroamee BpeMa nxa. EmnTa. BcfeMi» H3- 
b*ctho, qTO eacerOAHO, ji^tomt», Bca*ACTBie cajn>Hbixi> aotkach, 
naAaioiUHX'b y BepxoBbeB-B rojiyôaro Hiua, Barp'B-a.flb-AapeKa 
bt> AôHCCHHin, p-feKa BucTynaeT'B H3n» cbohxb ôeperoBt h pasjH- 
BaeTca no 3naqHTeJibH0H qacTH ErwiTa.' Kor^a dotom'b puna 
onaTb bxorht'l Bt cboh ôepera, OHa ocTaBjaeT'B uocjiIj eeôa 
Bjaacubift hjltj, yaoôpaiomift 3eMJio h A-fejiaiomift ee HeoôbiKHO- 
BeéHO njioffopoAHeio. H'bM'L ôojbrae ôbijtb pasjiHB'B, tèm'b jyqiue 
BbixoffHTii ypo»afi h oôpaTHO. Bcn , feflCTBie BToro oôcToaTejiBCTBa 
h Ma coxpaHeHia borm Ha cjiyqaô wajiOBOABa bt> p'bKls, Ernn- 
THHe b*b aP^bhocth npopwBaJiH KaHajM h kodhjih 03epa. Caaioe 

H3B*CTH0e H3T> 9THX»B 03epi> ÔbIJIO 03ep0 MepH BblKOUHHHOe no 

npHKa3aHiio oapaoHa AftieHeMxa Ill-ro, a h3*b KaHajiOBb Ioch- 
oob'b KaHait. 

Muorie apeBHie yqeHbie 3aHHiiajiHCB ptineHiewB nonpoca^ 
o BepxoBBHx'B Hnjia h fl.oôwBaHieM'B cBtfcljHiH o xapaKTep*, opo- 
rpaoin h rHApoRporpaoiH cTpam», bt> KOTopbixT» BTa pliita 6e- 
peTT> Haqa.no. IIoHaTia hxt> 06*5 9T0fi m*cthocth ojjHaKO ocTa- 



- 43 - 

jrîh'b cMyimiMH h neonpeAliJietini>T»ii. TaK^ aanpHMlip*, Opa- 

ÔOBTi COO(VmHJn> HUtt*b B'hROTOpUJl CB'flflllHitt, KOTOpbXH BQOCJTbA- 
CT&lS OgaBltJlHCb Oluefio^UblMH H TOJfeEO OAHB'b 8e.ïHRîft ajjeRcaHjt* 

pifîctfiri i*eorpa*i> h warewaTiiKii IlTOjreiieft ucthhbji*î, naMt cb** 
a-bbïb, OKaaaBiiiiHCH Baoci*A^TBin ao nSB-BCTHon: cTetieHH 
hHphf»imh h Tfnefaiïtï,— Tar&ï aanpElulipi», IlTO-jeiieft ynouiiHaerb 
o jyaflwx'b ropaxv HaxoftaniHXCi! obojio CTpaB&j B6^hkhx^ oaept, 
ho reorpaabi aaxeiïo ne cor-iaCHbi OTHi.iCHTejbHo *roro uaKia ropu 
cj^AjeT^ noflpaayifBBaTb hoa* HueeeM-t .iyaabix*b ropii; h-beo- 
topue AywaïOT^, hto jiymihiuii ropa&itï IlTOdeaiefl rj'bAjeTt c^h* 
TaTi> Keoifo *i KajRflUHAffiapn, flpyrie sep in hum ya^BHiiBaiomifl 
KbicnRia njocaorupta AôhcchhIïî^ a rpeTte, aaKOBeu/& — bji- 
KaiiM M^yM6»po ^ewamie Ht lory oTt oaepa BHRTopia Hiaaubi, 
caworo oT^ajenaaro ncTO^anKa B'Bjaro HBJta. Beviniufi b3Cj*ao- 
carejb À^pHKH FeiipBxii CTaBiettcieTtfji'b Haiiéo-a-be b^pohtbijmt» 
aro nocjliAHee npeAHo.iusEeHÎe. Bi> nocruxuee speua uTyjiHHCKih 
ieorpa*b AosTopt rtorec* Taume aaaaiicii BTBirb BOupocoMi». 
( leBOBbinaflCi* Ba tomi, wro miipoTM h AOJiroTw uaept H nia. 
HOTopwx'B rOBopiiTi» rTroJieMefi, eonacyioTca c% TftKOBbniH 
oaep'b BHKTopia-HIaBua. À^b6eprb HïaHua h ÀàbôepTt-3flyapAii- 
HiaBi^a, oht» y TBepffiASBT'b 1 qi i o 03epa 3rn ueeowH'BBHo Tû«A ecT " 

B6HHB] H npHXOABl'l» li'i 3aKJliO<îeBÎlO, ^TO HSCJrBAOBaHHfclrt B*b HOU' 

J'bahcg BpeiiH rupbi Pyiien^opH, cjtl jiy&Hbifl ropw UtoieMea* 
liiipOflTBOCTb 3tora oôcToaTeJibCTBa DOATBepwAaeTca eme t'bm'b, 
4T0 ropw PyBeHiiopB cyT6 eAWHCTBeBHbifl ropbt bt* ôacceilfl* 
Hnxa EORpHTbïn FtiBuin» CH^roira, h ^ito oh* ctBAOBaTeibBO 

eRBHCTBeBHblH lOpHblft XpeôeTb B*b 8T(*H CTpafl'Ë^ COOTB-BTCTBy- 

H) lui fi onHcafliro flTOjeut;a 1 yTBepsAaiomaro, ^tu Hhjti> nnTaeTCH 
('BliraMB ropaaro spaaïft, 

JlocJiB llTOieMen, sKHBiiiaro m 2-wb ctojl'&tïh do P* X., 

B*b Té^eBiH uo^yTopuTbicaRa ji^fert Bonpocb oôt HCTOHax-b llnja 
ocTaBaJica OTicpuTusni n iim;aKHxi. iï3CJU.A0BHHiii, hh rt, Te^eBia 

OOCJlHAHHX'b CTOJl'BTJfi CyiUeCTBOBaBÎH PbMCROÎÎ HMDepiH, BH B'b 

epexBÎe B-sea CA^jano Be ôlijo; toileo ca speMeHaui» apaÔCKJe 
KapaBanu otuptiBitaBmîecfl BT& ueHTpajibiîyîo A^pBKV ;ljh aa 
xuara BerpOB'»*HeBO i ffbBHaoB*b > npnHOCHJiH, no BosapameaiB, c^yn- 
tibia b HeoupeA^jeaifLiH cb-b.i'Bhîh o crpan* BepxoBbeBi» Ha je. 
Et 1686 r. ORBa-b apaôcKÎfi BEcaTejb eoôpai'b cji-BAyM)ij;ia ot- 

qaCTH BBpHbJH l! OT^aCTH *aHTaCTH<3eCKi JI CBHA*BÎfl OÔ'b 9TOÔ 






— 44 - 

CTpnH*. ÎÎH OCHOBBHitt COÔpaHHblX^ HMT> OTb paSHUXT» JIMH,!» 

h nyTeraecTBeHHHKOBi» cB r BA , BBi&, oh* yTBepafAaeTB. hto Hnjrb 
6epen> uaqajo h3t> CH'fejKHbix'b ropi», Ha3MB"aiomHxcH Ka*i> h 

qTO BT> 3TOÔ TOpHOÔ IVBBH eCTb BepilIHHbl nOAHHMaiOmiflCfl OH^Hb 

bmcoko Bi> B03AyxT> h ecTt BepniHHbi ropa3flo hh»c IhicaTejiL 
btott» yTBepîKAaeTT», qTO H*KOTopwe ayTemecTBeHHiiKH bmcoko 
QOAHHiiajiHCb BBepxt no 8thbtb ropasn» h cmotpbjh no Kpyryio 
CTopoHy 0x1», OTKyAa ohh bha , bjih pa3CTHJiaiomeeca nepeA** hhmii 
oôuiupHoe Mope. IIo pa3CKa3aMi» nepeAaHHbiarb t^m-l me apaûovb 

KaKOft-TO H3T> aTBCTHblX'L uapbKOBT» CHapffAHJTB 3BCae,\HlÛH) B*B 

8TH M-BCTa a-ih OTKpurifl BepxoBbeBi» HHja h dKcaeARuiH 3Ta 
AOCTHrJia KaKHx r b-TO ai'BAHbixb rop'b, ^o TaKoft CTeneHii OTpa/Kan- 
niHX'B no bocxoa'b cojHU,a ero JiyqH, qTO jiioah bt» hhxb cropsum. 
TaKOBbi ( , B , BA*Hirt cooômeHEibia eaun» apaôawn; eBponeilcKÎe ny- 

Teine('TB6HHHKH H6 COOÔmaJIH nOftOÔHblXT» CKa30KT>, HO II HHKa- 
KHXT> OnpeA'BJreHFIblX'b CB'BA'BHHi COOÔmHTb He MOrjlH, HÔO hh 
OAHHTj H31> HHXt TaK1> A&-IGKO He 3aX0AHJTB. 

Bo BTopofi nojiOBHHB XIX ct. bwectb cb nporpeccoai-b II 
pa3B;B , BT0M , B HayKi» npoôyAHJiacb h ntasAa reorpa*H i iecKHx r b 3aa- 
Hiâ. H'BKOTopbm rocy^apcTBa CTajiH CHapaHtaTb SKcne^Huin juin 
HBCJiBAOBaHia CTpaabi BejiHKHxi» aapHKaHCBHXb osept, KOTopua 
yB'biiqajiHCb CTOJib 3aM , BqaTejibHbiMH yenijxaMH, qro o hhxt> uoao- 
ôaerb 3A r bcb cA'fe.ïaTb KpaTKoe cooômeaie. IIocji'BAOBaTejiaMH CraH- 
jea bt» H3CJi , BAQBaHiH ropi» PyBeBuopH ôujeh aobtop'b niTyjniaiiui» 
bt> 1891 r. h Ckotti, SjrjiioTT», nocBTHBiuift 9Ty CTpaHy bt> 1895 
ro^y. UlTyjiMaHH'b noftHfljicfl no aojihh'b EyTary, jewameii K r b 3a- 
na^y ott» aToft ropHOÎî D^ferin, ko bmcoth 13,326 <&yTOB r f> h 
eHH-n> BejHKOJ'BnHbift *OTOrpa*HqecKiô chhmob'b ct> uepuiHH'b 
iiOKpbiTbixi» jib^omT). Ckotti» Bjuiiott» npe r i l npHHaji , L naTb 3KCKyp- 
cift B«i» u,eHTpajiLHyH) ii/fenb ropi», noAxojia k«b bhmt> ct» Bocrowa 
qepe3i>ftOJiHHi>i lepia, Bhmh, MoôyKy h HiaaiBaMÔbi h c r b aaua^a ^e- 
pe3"B AOJHBy ByTapy. 1131» 9Tûft nocJi'BAHefi oh'b AOCTiiri» bbicotli 
bt> 13,000 «yTOBi». Bo BpeMa cbouxt» upeAti/i;yuxHX'L 9KCKypciîi 
oh'b ABaîKAM AOCTHri» co CToposu aojlhht» lepia h Bhmo BOAOpaa- 
AtJibHoil JiHHiH. ho ne noAHHMajrca ao Tanoft bbicotw. Xora hhkto 
H3i» sthxi» nyTeraecTBeHBHKOB'L He AOCTHri> JIHHÎH BBMHaro CH^ra, 
BasABifi H3i» hhxt> ycD^jb CA'BJiaTb nojie3H'Bft oiia HayqHbia na6- 
JiiOAeHifl h coôpaTL SHa^HTeJibHbifl KOJUieKD;iH. ^OKTopt UlTyj- 
MaHH'B nepBuft o6uapy»Bjn»npHcyTCTBie qeTbipex r b OTA^Jibnuxt 
FopHbixT> rpyaat, BûTopuoii» ohi> a^i», no M'Bpfi Toro KaBi» ohi> 



- 45 — 

Ki» hhmt> npHÔJiHTKHjicfl. HueHa KpeneHHH'b, MoefîiycB h^h Kam- 
aHryHTBe, Ceiinep'b hjih Hhmbiimôh h BencMaHH'B, npnqeMT» sa- 
MtTHJ'B, qTo BTopafl H3*b hhx'b KamaHryHrBe caiiaa BbicOKaa. 

B-b 1900 r. Mypi» aepBHH AOCTHrc, CH'featHbixT» npe^tjiOBt 
Ba CeMnep* iuh Hhmbhmôh h AOCTHr'B bmcoth 14.900 <*yT. Ha 
xpeÔT*, jie*ameBix kt» BocroKy ott» 9toh BepmHHbi, KOTopyio 
oht>, uo oinHÔirfe, npHHfljn> 3a qaCTfc B0A0pa3AluibH0n jihhîh. Bt 
tomt> are roÂy r-Hi, ^«OHCTom» aocthpb TaKOil ate bmcotu eu 
BOCTOqHMxi> cKJiOHax r b to8 >Ke ropu, KOTopyio oh^b HaaBajn» 
KiHaHffîKa. Apyryio BepujHHy BHAHiiyio Cb iojhum MoôyKy 

JJîKOHCTOH'b HaBBaJI'B ^yBOHH, XOTfl OHT» He MOn> nOJOîKHTeJLHO 

CBa3aTi> ecTb jih sto OAHa h3t> ropt BHA'feHHbix'b lIlTyjiMaBHOMb. 
Ob 1901 r. 6wjto Cft'fiaaHO H'fecKOJbKo nonbiTOKt ht» noAHariio 
sa 9T t y ropy ct> oô^hx^ CTopom». Ct> BocroqHOH ctopohw ôtua 
n3ÔpaHa ^ojiHHa p-feKH MoôyKy, ho bh oahht» h3*b nyTeuieciBee- 
HHKOB'b ne AOCTHr'b KHCOTw, ao KOTopoft noAHajica MypTb. fla 
sana^Hofi ctopoh1> aoktop'b ^aBH^i» AOCTHrb, no erô caoBaMi», 
BwcoTbi bt> 16,728 *. Ha •jieAHHKax'b ropu Moeôiycb. Xoth OHb 
n yTBepjK/i.aeT'b nojoîKHTe-ibHO, i rro naxoAHjrCH Bcero TojbKo Ha 
1,400 «DyTOPT» HHTKe caMbix'b HbicoKHX'b BepmiiH'B, yTBep»Aenie 
&to He.B'bpHo. Bc* 9th noAHaiia ne 6biJiH npeAnpHHHTbi 3HaTO- 

KaMH rOpHBIX'L JieAHHKOB'b H JHDJb TOJbKO 3HM0I0 1905 T. ÔbIJH DpeA" 
OpHHflTbl UBfc 9KCKypCÎHHaCTOflmnMH aJbnHHHCTaMH. IlepBafl H3T» 

hhx«b noAT> npeABOAHrejbCTBOji'b ^yrjraca $peiii<i>ejibAa noAHHjrae.b 
bt> noaôp* 1905 r. %o bmcotu 14,500 «dytobt» Ha jeAimirb na- 
xoAHiueMCH y BxoAa bt> AOJiHHy MoÔyKy. FIjiaH'b hxt» bscji'èao- 
Bania roj)b Ôbi.Tb m> 3HaqHTejbH0H CTeneHH pascTpoeH'b npo- 

.lOJIJKHTe-lbHblMH TVMaBaMIÏ H nOCTOHHHUMII JIHBHflMH AOWAJIHBarO 

BpeMeHH roAa. BTOpaa napTia ÔTapaBHJiacb dort» npeABOAHrc.ib- 
ctbomt> ancTpÎHua Tpayepa h aiHcciofiepoirb Majwoica h TerapTa 
n AOCTKrjia 15^000 «yroBT» bi>icotw. 3,rfecb, KCTaTH, c.i-feAyeTi. 
ynoMHHyTb, ^to bo npeMa oahoh h3*b HayqHbixb BKCKypciil 

BTOpOH IIOJlOBHHbl XIX CTOJI*Tia ôblJTb OTKpblTT» BOAODaA'B' PlI- 

noH*B (Bipponfalfs), .lewamili HeAajeKO ott» c*BepHaro ôepera 
o^epa BnKTOpia-HiaHUbi n cqHTaiomincfl HacToainHM'B HCToqHH- 
.momt» h HaqajOM'b Hhjiu. Bcb 9th oôcroaTejbCTBa noôyAHjiH HTa- 
jiancKoe npaBHiejbCTBO upeAnpnHaTb 9KcneAuuiio a^h H3Cji'bAO- 
BaHia roi)nux , b KpaHfeft, HaxoAamuxca bt» ÔHcceftH* Hnja h 
DHTaiomHX'b nocpeACTBOM r b TaaHia cbohx*b CH'ferOB'B h jreAHHKOB'b 
BepxoBbH 9TOf1 p'fiKH h isejuisifl 03epa, HaxOAamiaca b»b ea 



~ 46 - 

ÔaccefiH'fe. 60 rJaB* 9to8 9RcneAHuin HaxoAHica repaort A6pyij- 
UKJfi poACTneHHHR'b Kopo-ia HTajiiH BHKTopa-SMMBHyHia Il-ro 
n noqeTHwft qjeH'B Be;iHKo6pHTaHCKaro reorpa«HqecRaro oômecTBa 
repuon> AôpymjRÎft y»e paHbme CA**ajca H3Bl}CTeH% nocxoat- 
AetiieirB Ha ropy KBBqHHAwaHry bt» THÔerfe h HSCjrbxoBaHieM'b 
3HaqHTejtHoS qacTH OfeBepaaro JleAOBHTaro Ctaeaaa h no*y- 
ocTpoBa Ajhckh, bo Bpeua KOTOparo or*b aepBbift h3*b qHCJia 
bcbxt> nyTemecTBeHHHKOB'B, H3CJrôAOBaBmHX'b 3Ty CTpaay, no*- 
Hfljica Ha BepniHay ropu cb. Hjuh. TIo B03Bpam«Hin bt» EBpony 
H3i» A«p»rh repuori> noxyqajrb npnrjiaineBie ott> RopoJieBCRaro 
BejBKOÔpHTaHCKaro reorpa«>HqecRaro oômecTBa npaÔbiTb bt» 
JIohaohi> a npoqecrb bt» orhom«b h3«b ero 3ac*^aBift noApoÔHuft 
AORjaA'B ero 9Kcne^Hn,iH. ^B'BHaaaaTaro ««sapa aacroaniaro 
1907 r. cocToajiocb sacfcAaHie BToro ofimecTBa bb ôoJbmoui» ko- 
poJieBCBOMib 3ai*B ABopua JlaBrxaHi». 3ajT> 6ujn> nepepojHea r b 

6jeCTflLUHMT> OÔlUeCTBOWL, CpeAH KOTOparO PMR'BJaXHCb MHoro^H- 

cjeHHwe yqeuue h Bwcmie chbobhhkh aarjiiitCKHXT» axvHHH- 
CTpaTBBBuxT, c<&ep"b. CoÔpaaie noqTHJH cbohm*b opucyTCTBieirB 
aoKpoBBTejib oômecTBa Ero KopojieBCRoe BejraqecTBO Kopojb 
9AyapAT> VU h BHue-npe3BAeu , n> oHaro Ero Kopo-ieBCRoe Bm- 
coqecTBO IIpHHivb BajiiâcKifi. Bt> npoAOJweniH copoRa ji'feT'b, b* 
TeqeHÎH KOToptixt Ropojib 9AyapA*B VII 6biJTb BHue-npesHaeH- 
tomt» oômecTBa bt> RaqecTB* npaHija BajiificKaro, oht> qacro 
noabiB;ajn> ero coôpasia, ho 12 «BBapa ôurb nepBbift cjyqaft, 
nocBmeoia oônjecTBa aHrjnHCKHWb RopoHOBaHHbiM'B MOHapxoMi», 
q-BMTb oômecrBy h 6biJia OKa3aBa Bejnqaâniaa qecrb. 3a h*- 
CKOJibKO a u 6i! ao 12 aHBapa npHÔburb bt> J[obaohi> repu,on> 
AôpyuuKiô h npoqeji'B BeqepoMT> 3Toro aha bt» 3acfeAaHiH BeiBio- 
ôpaTaHCKaro reorpaaaqecKaro o6ui,ecTBa oôniHpHbiiï goBia*** o 
CBoeMi» nyTeniecTBÎH bt» ropu PyBeHo;opB, cogepsaHie ROToparo 
mm 3a^cb nepeAaAHin> ao bo3mo?khocth oôcTOaTejibBfce. MciKia 
noApoÔHOCTH nyTeuiecTBia mm, KOHeqHO, octubhmt» bt> CTopoH'fe, 
ho HayqHbie peayjibTaTbi 9KcneAHH.ia h reorpa*HqecRia h3Ci , bao- 
Bauia mu nepeAaftHM'b et, b^jocth n ôesT» bchkhxt, nponycROBT». 
Bt cocTaBi» 9RcneAHuiH bxoabjeh RanaTaH'b KaHH, iiTajiiaHCKaro 
♦JiOTa, KOTopoMy nopyqeHO ôujio dpoh3boactbo oômHXTb h itar- 
HHTBbix'b Ha6jiH)AeuiH, jiefiTeflanTb BHHcaepi>, KOTopoMy nopyqe^ 
ho ôbiJio npoH3BOACTBO MeTeopojiorHqecKHX'b h Tonorpa#Hqe- 
ckhxt> HaÔJiiOAeHifi, Maiop*b KaBa.iJH MoJHeejuiH, KOTopoMy no- 
pyqeao ôbijio coÔHpaaie 3oojiorBqecKHX'b u ôoTaHuqecKHXb koji- 



— 47 — 

jreKQift, reojorB PoKKaHH, saHHMaiomifte.H TaK»e coÔupaHiein» 
300JiorH4ecKHX'B h ôoaaHHqecKHX'B KOJiieKuiS, «oTorpa«i> Ceua 

H HtCKOilbKO APjrHXT> JHB/b. 

Beci» «opoacHwft MaTepiajrt obi» pacupeAfcJieH'b bt» 114-th 

flmHKaX1>, H3T> KOTOpMXrb KaiKAblii COfcepRaJTB npOBH3iH) Ha OAHH'B 

AeHb Ha 12 oco6t>. CopoKi» hst» sthx'b hiu.hkobt> ômjih npeAsa- 
3HaieHH kt> CHa6rceHiio npoBH3ieio 3KcneAHUÎH Me»Ay 9oTe66e 
h OopTTï-IIopTajOMT». OcTajbHbie 140 amHKOB'b cOAepacajH mhc- 
Hbie KOHcepBbi, npeAHasHa^eHHbie rjui HyxA'b 3RcneAHijiH bo 
BpeMfl ea npeô&iBaHÎH bt> ropaxi». ^jih nepeHOCKH Bcero sxoro 
MaTepiaja ott> 3HTe66e ao crjobobt» rop'B PyBeai;opH noHa&o 

ÔHJIOCL CTO «eRAHOCTO leTbipe HOCHJTtmHKa. 

SKcneAHuifl noHHHyja Heanojib 16 anptjifl h OTnpaBHiacb 
bt> MoMÔa3y; no nyTH 6wjih nparKia ocTaHOBKH TOJibKO bt» Cy- 
en/b, JJwHÔyTTH h Arch*. Tpen>aro &iaa, yTpoMT>, nocjrfe nyTe- 
mecTBÎa, A^HBniaroca ceMBaAuaTb AHeft, noKa3ajiHCb Ha ropHSOHrb 
6*jieHLKie aomhrh MoMÔa3w h bt> ckopocth nocjffe TOro napo- 
xoat» onycTHJi'B HKOpb bt» raBaHH Khjhbahbh. Biaro^apa coA'bfi- 
CTBiio H CTapaHiaMT) aHrjificRHX'b qHHOBBHHOB'b h npHBHjeriaM'b 
AaHHbiM'b 9KcneAHi;iH, paBHO Kani h noaiomn ORa3aHBoâ m4ct- 
hbimh HiaJiianuaMH, 3KcneAHn,ifl ôbijia bt> cocToasin nepeBesTH 
bt> Te^eeiH oiHoro ahh Becb ôaraarb cl napoxoAa Ha 3Kexfe3Byio 
AOpory h ABHHyTbca Ha cjrfcAyiomifi A^Hb Aft-atme. Ytpom-b, 4-ro 
Maa, 3KcneAHo,ia OTnpaBHjacb no Kejrfe3H0ft Aoporfe ct> oômkho* 

BeHHblBTL, e5KeH6A*JIbHbl51 , b, HO'&SAOM'b BT» ïlopT'B-$JlOpeHlJ,iH), TO- 

poAOK'b Jie»amiîi Ha cfcBepo-BOCToqHoft orobcihocth 03epa Bhr- 
Topifl-Hianubi. ,3,opora, HwrBiomaa 640 aHrjriâcRiix'B MHjb ajhhm, 
6bija HaqaTa nocTpofiKOK) bt> 1896 r. h oKOHqeHa b?> 1902 rOAy. 
OHa CHa^aja noAHHMaeTca ott> ôepera Mopa ao bmcoth 7,330 
«DyTOBi» h sarfeM'b onaTb onycKaeTca ao BbicoTbi 3,675 oyTOBT» 
okojio osepa BnRTopia-HiaHUbi. Tlo'bzp.'b 3tott» HAerb co CRopo- 
cTbio 20 MHjb bt» qacit h A^erb, TaKHWb o6pa30irB, nyTeraecT- 

BeHHBKaMT> HOJIHyK) B03MO'/KHOCTb BaCiaffiA&TbCfl nOCTOHHHO 11*- 

Haiomeioca naHOpaMOio iyAecHbix , b bhaobt> aopHBaBCKOÔ npupo- 

Abl. OKpeCTHOCTH Mou6a3bI nORpbITbl Be-lHKOJ'fenHblMH, a*bctbch- 
HMMH naJIbMOBMMH, ÔaHaHOBblMH, MHM030BUMH H APy^HBlH JftCaMH . 

JÏHBia seJi^Hoâ Aoporu nocTeneaHO noAHHMaeTca ao oômHpBux'B 
paBBHHTi Atxh, n3o6HjyTom;HX'b pocROuiH^Smeio pacTHTejibHOCTbK). 
IIo BceMy nyTH noaa^aiOTca smoroqucJieHHbia CTaAa 3e6p*b, ra- 
je3e8, aHTHJiom>, îKHpa^OBT», cjobobti, CTpaycoB 1 » h t. a» h oah- 



— 48 — 

HOiHMe jbBM, jbBHmj, jeonapabi h «pyriii xHnjHbia MjeROnn* 
Taromiflcff. IIo BpeMeHaMt BCTpiiqaiOTca Hocopora, jaaamie 
no CKaïairb, h Jibca orjamaioTca KpHKOMi> pa3HHxi> nopo*** 
o6e3bHHT> h n^HiewL MHoa?ecTBa othut» et gyAHMirc» onepeHB* 
e&fB. B.S'b TpaBi>i D0Ka3biBaK)TCH rpoHaAHKiH amepnijbi h 3H*Bn, 
bt> ocoôeBHOCTH HSB'feCTHafl no c.Boeiï haobhtocth, qepHaa, a*pH- 

RaHCKafl 3M-Ba. TIpH BHft'fi JTBBH UUOT&'d OCTaH8BJlHBaK3TT> 0053^1» 

A,ja npenocTaBjieHifl naccaatupaMT» bo3motkhocth uojiioôoBaTbca 
uapewB nycTUHH He bt> sb-bphhu'b, a Ha cboôoa'b h isjlh oxotki 

3a HHWL. nOCJ* MHOrHXT» II3riîÔ0B , B H CDyCKOB'b JIHHÎH lipOXO- 

AHr& B^OJJb nOAHOTKÎH ByjKaHa JToHroHeTa h ôeperoB-b osepa Ha- 
iiBama h dotomt» onaTb noAHHMaeTca ao CTamjiH Hwopo, uyJB- 
MHHanioHHaro nyHKTa, Jieffiamaro Ha 3anaKH0MT» Kpaio nponacTH. 
LUecToro MaH, bi 11 q. yTpa, 9KcneAHiua npBÔbijra bt> KHCyMy 

HJIH Il0pTT>$J0peHn,lI0, KOHe^HOÔ TOqK'B 3RejTB3HOflOpOiKHOft JH- 

hîh, HaxoAflmeftca Ha bocto^hoîI 0R0neqH0CTH 03epa Bnicropifl- 
HiaHUbi, coBepiuHB-B TaKHxn» o6pa30M'b bt> ffBoe cvtortb nyTe- 
. mecTBie, ma KOToparo bt> apea?Hee Bpeaia uoHaAOÔHJiocb 6m TpH 
MBcaija. Bt» KacyMy ny remecTBeHHiiKH nocfeTHjiH pbiHom», Ha 
KOTopoMi. hm'bju cjyqaft bhabtb MHoroqHCJieHHbix'B rrpeACTaBH- 
Tejiefi pasHux'b HerpcRiix'b ujreMeHT», Haqmian orb no.ayro.iMXT> 

,1HKape8, OA'feTWXb JTHOIb BT> 3BlîpHHWfl inKypbi, ao HerpoB*B o**- 
TblXT» Aa**e CB H3B*CTH0H) pOCKOOJbK). HB'BT'B K07KH BCBXTb HX*b 

MepHwô ct> KpacHOBaTbiMb ott'bhkom'b. Bt> tott> »e AeHb, Beqe- 
poMi>, BKCneAHuia Bwfcxajia no 03epy BHKropia-HiaHua Ha aH- 

KlifiCKOM'B napOXOA'fe BHHH<DpeA1> H3 f b KyCHMBI, a bt> iuecTL Ma- 

coiit Beqepa Ha Apyroft neub uapoxoA'B ôpocHJTb «Kopb y ocTpo- 
bu PycHHH. BojiHbi osepa cl jierKHWb myaiOMT* njiecKajH oô'h 
napoxo/yB; M-fecTaMH hst» tbxhxt» boat» 03epa, cpe&H KaMbiiueô, 
HinaonoraMbi h i?poKOAH.ibi BbicoBbinajm cboh rpoaiaAHbia roJOBhi, 
a pa3H0UBlîTHbia, qy^Hbia othum, nma MBCTa Afla HoqHoro ot- 
A^xHOBenia, npH.ieTajiH kt> CKa.iaMb pa3ÔpocanHbiM r b baojb 6e- 
peroBT> ero. 

CojrHue cbjo Ha SanaA'B bt> nojiyKpyr'B orHeHHbix'B oôjia- 

KOBT> H HCnyCTIIJTO CBOH Jiy^H Ha CTpaHy TOJIbKO hwh* OTKpwBa- 

wmyioca ajih nporpecca h uHBHjiHsauiH. Tyqa, noej* HenpoAOJ- 
HfHTejibHaro nepexoAa ott» apKO-KpacHaro u,BBTa kt» ôoj'fee HliJK- 
Hoft ORpacK* KaKi» 6yAT0 pacTonjiajincb, h cojHn,e acqesio noc- 
jL-b oqeHb KpaTKHxiï cyMepeRT>, Rawb BcerAa ôbiBaerb bt> Tpo- 
nHqecKHX'B CTpaHaxt. bi> BeqepHeft tcmbotb, ôbiCTpo pacnpoS 



- 49 — 

CTpaH&Bmeftcji no oaepy.— nyTeînecTBeHBHKaaii> rpeaniacb b*& 

BeiepHeîi TeiiHOT'fe ôûx-fte fMaronojiyqHan Ôy&ymaocTb stex^ 
cTpaH-b oorpyateHHwx'î. bt* HarrOKmee Bpeuji bo wpag'B aes-B- 
«ecTBa, noria, ôjaro^apa ycHiifl» » caMOOTBepweHÎK) Mymeft 
Hay&H « ynpaBJieHim eBponericKHxi> rocyaapcTB%, miBiMnaaiiifi 
pacnpocTpaaHTca bt> 9Toft cTpaa-fe* — 

7*ro Maa, nocin rrojyAHB, aKCnejumÎH apnfi&Tja wh 3HTe6- 
6e hjh nopTt-AjiHC'b^ peaîueHuiH} ripaBRreatCTBa IIpoteitTOpa 
yraHiu. — ropoA'Bi pas^-fiieBBijJt na hb-r ^acra. Ha eaponeftctcift 
h n-fecTHMÎî KBapTaibï, saHHMaeT'B o^eab EtaBonacHOe nojtoweHie 
sa hmch aaxoftîinieMCH laew^y abymh rjyôoKHMH ôyxTaMR oaepa. 
— ^OMa eBpoaetiReB'b npHHaajesraT'b kt> nGbiiHQwy Ttiny komobt» 
TponRqecKHX'B CTpaHi» ci) stHoroiHCjeHHbiMH BepaiiAaMH h caxa- 
mh IIoBCK>Ay HaA% KposaT^MH, Ha^i! OKBauH a BOKpyr'fc 6ajïK0- 
HOB'b nniiBt>iueHM gaHaettcH, ciyav-amin aih aamnTbi on mçk-rh- 
ttbii iî MyxTi, ysymeaie BOTopuxTi aapoaAaeT-b ôoHiBeb caa 
(la maladie du sommeil)- Xhshhh h'bctbmx'Ii scHrejeft bm-btott* 
Kpyrjyio aopiiy Bt> 3a-re66e :aRcueABuifl ôuia npaanTa oieab 
iiofiftano b ci» oenôuui BBHMaBieMT» aHrjiÔCKHMH HxacTHttH, oia 
3aBmiiun etl hb&j enta niée roeTenpiHMCTBo, Ha paacB'feT'b 14-ro 
Maa BapasaB% aBcneAHtUH OTDpaBHJica Bt Aa-ibHUflujïtf ayr*. 
0* ï*Toro MOMeHTa qjêBaui) aietieAïmÎH npnuunct nepeuTHarb 
aHBHjH3onaoHwft, esponeftcnift, cn0eoo*b oepeiBBateflia sa xarep- 
bmH ii ko^cboh oôpaa-b 3kbbbh. 

PaacTOSHie OT't 9are66e ao <I>opT'b-IIopTaJia paBaaeTca 
aHrjnftcKHMi 18 MHJHK'b. Bt> stob u-bcthocth aaxo^HTCa Tpa 
pfciBbix'b Ôacceilna, oTAHieriBMX'b o,uih*b ott> jipyroro ropauMH 
B03BwruenH0CTflMM Ki> uepBOuy 6aeceBBy nj/Bna/ue^aTTb p-bKB 
Tenymifl Kii rary a Bna^aiom,ia wh Kaxoary h, BCrfcACTBie btoto, 
bt> oaepo liniïTOpi^-HiuBua. Ko BTOpouy b xperbeiiy GaftefiiiaMT» 
npnHaMejKarb p*BH Bnajiaiomifl 3% p-fciTy Mhcchjb, aaiRBaainiyio 
cbom boâw bi> oaepo ÀJrbGepTii-HîaBB.a. MerBepran mh«b aTaxi 

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Hu TeBymBMu b^ AxiïOepT'b-HiaHua h b-b ÀibftepT'b-SftyapA^- 
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BaupaBJienïaM't. xoiMaun b noapbito paeTHTei&HorTbio cootb^t- 
CTByromero gam^>ft OT^lîibHoîî ^acTB oaaro. xapatiTepy Mtci-ao- 
cth a cocTasy nrjqBbi. Hm^mhhh oit» 9iiTe66e uacTo ncTp'b'qatoT- 

Ctt 60J0TH t AliJ&IOmiH 3Ty M'bCTMOCTb BeBAOpOBOK) H iHXOpa- 
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— £0 — 
Opasa 9Ta oÔHTaeua h Bjojib Rcett Aopora RCTpfeqaiOTCff 

XHîKHHbl HerpOR'B, HaCTOJKbRO CQpflTaHHUA B'B 6aBaHOBfalX<fc 

nJiaHTauiax'b, qTo ext cb TpyAOïn» moaho bhj'btl. BoKpyrh 

XHJKHB'B 9THXT, BCTpfeqaiOTCH OÔUlHpHblfl HaC&JR&eHifl ÔanaHOB'B, 

BapTO<»ejiH, Manca h CBBepuaro TpocTHHita. XrBÔonainecTBOiTB 
noBCK)Aj 3aHHMaK>TCH tojbko weBnjHHbi. d&cuewnin ynoTpeÔHJa 
nflTHa^uaTb AHefl ajh nepexoja hsb 9BTe66e Rb $opr , B-IIopTa*'B. 
TlepexoRu rjihjihcb otb S-x* ao 6-th qacoBT». TeMnepaTypa 
B03o.yxa 6m ja yM-bpeHHaa yTpoM-B h Beqepoio», npoxjaxHasr 

flO^BK) H /KapKafl B'B DOJIAeHb- XOTfl no DJTH 3KcneiHnï* H 

BCTp'feqajia He Maio cjohor , b, jh>bob*b, anTHJiom> h 3e6p*B, hxt> ne 
apeci!BAOBajiH; MejRaa AHqb BCTp*Bqa,iacb b*b iiboohiîh h *ocTa- 

T04H0 6bUO HeMHOrO npOÔTH Bb CTOpOBy. MTOÔM HMliTb B03MOJR- 

hoctb sacTp-ËjiHTb nopflAoqeoe ROJHqecTRo iBBHeficKHX'B iiTHij'b. 

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jiocth 3KcneAHn;ifl AOCTHr.ia rpHBHubi YraHAM. HacTO RaaaJOCb 
mto y me kh^hh ôbijui ropu PyBeBUopn, bo 3to Rcerga oisasbi 

BHJlOCb OÔMaHOMT,, DpHqHBeBBBlMB MaCCHMH Ô'BJblX'B OÔJiaKOBfe 
HM'BBIUHX'B BHfc'B ÔOJbUJHX'B Ô'BJlblX'B TOpT» nOKpi.lTblXT» CH'BrOU'b 

h jibAOM'b. HaKOHeui» sa ABa ^ HH ^ npHÔBmj? ivb ŒopT'B-IIop- 
Tajib qjeHbi 3RcneAuuiH MOrJin 3au^THTb hh aana-iBofi CTopoH* 

ll'BCBOJDKO BCpmHB'B, BblCORO nOftHHMaBUJHXCfl HnA*B TyMaHOITB, 
pa3CTHJHaBLUHMCH no HXt CKJOHaMI»; CaMHfl B03RblUjeHHafl U&b 

hhxt> ôbijia yB'BHqaHa Tpewfl nHRawn. Ha'B 3thx f> dukobb caMBif 
iowhbiS ôbijtb OTA'fejieH'B otb .ipyrHX'B rjiyôoRoio nponacTbio. 
TIhr'b dTOT'B 6bun> npH3HaHT> <I>peni*ej[bAOM b caMbiirb bbicokhm«b 
hs'b bhx»b h 0T02KAecTBJieB , b UlTyjniaHBOMT» cb roporo Moeôiyci». 
Ha cjfefcyfomifl A^Hb hx^ obhtb yBBA**w, bo, 6yAyqa ôjehc ki. 
hhptb, qjenbi 3RcneAan;iH se motjih rhrbtb bbrotopbiji hB'b 

3THX r B BepiDHH'B, TaR'B RaHl> OH* ÔbIJIH SBCJlOBeBBl OT»B BBOpOH-B 

BaÔJiFOAaTejieil ôoJi'be ôjHBKnMH ropBbi&ni BBicTynaMH. 

29 lias 9RcneAHii;ifl AOCTHrjia OoprB TIopTaj» t. e caaiofi 

3aUa^H0H BeJHKOÔpHTaHCKOH B06HHOH CTaflOliH. 

HO UpBÔBITÎH B'b 9T0TB ropOAOKrB BeJIHROÔpHTaBCKÎtt KO- 

MHccapi» npnrjacHJi'B r-Ha BojuacTOHa, HaqajiBHHRa napTÎH 
cHapMHîenHOH a-ih HSCJ'haOHaBia ropi> PyBeaixopH ôpHTaBCKHin» 
My3eeM'B, iiphôbitb kb repuory h cooômaTB ejiy noApoÔHbifl 
CB*B^uitt o uouwtkb noAHflTBCH b'b TeqeHiH npe^biAymaro m-b- 
Cflija Ha BepuiHUbi KiaH^îKa h ^yBOBH. BojuacTOB'B cooôiUHJirb 



— 51 - 

repuory bth cb^a^hI», noci* qero aKcne^Buia p*mHja nojiHflTb- 
ch hh Mo66yKy h oôcyAHTb y«e B'B arosi'B m^ct* Bonpoc/B o 

TOM«B CJ*Ay6T'B JH OepeHTH B'B CTOpOHy pfcRH CeMJIHKH. OopTB- 

IIopTaJib BaxoAHTCH Ha BbicoT'B 5,036 «yroBi» Ha^t ypoBHeM'B 

MOpH RI» 3fl0p0B0fi M'BCTHOCTH, paCOOJIOTKeHHOH aMOHTeaTpOM'B H 

ORpyweHBOH cb sanaAHoft ctopohm ropaMH PyBeHUopH, a cb 
BOCTOHHoft xojmaMH oôpaayiomHMH BOAopa3A*ibByK) ihhîk> Me»Ay 
oaepaMii Ajibôep-TB-HiaHua h AiBÔeprB-BAyapA'b-HiaHua. 3A*cb He 
6oji*e naTHBAU&TH eBponeiiueB'B. Bca m'bcthoctb b'b OKpywHOCTH 
npeupacHO B03A'BJiaHa, a na yiacTK* npHH8A*e?KameM , B RaTOJiH- 
qecBHMi» MHCcioHepaM'B, npoH3pacTaioT r B MHorie poaw oropOAHoft 
aeieHH pacTymie bt» EBpoat. 1-ro Itohh RapaBaH* OTnpaBHiCfl 
B'B A^JbB-BftmiS nyTB h CA'fejraJi'B tojbbo OAHy KpaTKOBpeiieHHyH) 
ocTaHOBRy bi» peBHAeuuiH AOÔpoAyniBaro uapa KacaraMbi, a 
Apyryio nepeAT> nepROBbio Noire-Dame de la Neige rah nponjaHia 
Cb uapewb h «paBnj3CBHMH MHCcionepaMH. 

nocjfB Tpex»B nepexo r i ( OB , B mhccîh AocTHrja HôaHAu cb 
ocTaaoBRaMH B'B ^ynoHH h KacoHro. Xoth noroA& 6bua xopoma 
h acoa, BRCueAHnja Ôojibiue ne BHA'Bja bt> bto BpeMa chbirhbix'b 

BepiHHH'B KOTOpLIH Obi il H 3a<M0HeHbl ÔO-lte BH3KHMH pH/iaMH 
rOpT> nORpMTMX»B CH'BrOM'B. 

IToRHByB'b Kacoaro b'b oaho npeRpacHoe yrpo h cnycxHB- 

HJHCb B'B AOJIHHJ XHBlbl, BKCDeAHlÛH ODHTb 3aM hTHJia ABU I'OpHblX'B 

BHCTjna h noAT> bhmh jcahhk'b. Hpn ABHJReHiH BRcneAHBJH Bce 
K'b iory iioith bcb BepniHHbi cna-ib Hcqe3JiH; aRcneAHUia Morjia 

3aM-BTHTb TOJIbKO AB* BepiHHHbl BHAHHblH H3 r B KaHAO H EyTHTH 

h, npH3HaHUbifl $peui«ejibAOM , B h qjieHaMH 9RcneAHiÛH caMbiHu 
BbicoRHMH. KorAa BRCne^Hma oayCTHJiacB bt» AomHy MeôyRy 
noRaaajacb onaTb EepmHHa aoRpbiTaa ôojebuihm'b JieAHHROWB h 
CH'BrOM'B Ha CEBepHOMT, en crjiohb, b'b KOTopoft rcorpaau 3Kcae- 
Ahojh cKopo ysHajiH ropy ^yBOH» ,II,xoHCTOHa. BBitxaBb h3t> 
HBaHABi 4-ro Iiohh h npo&Aa mhmo HaRHTaBu BRcaeAHojfl ne- 
penpaBHJiacb Ha npaBuft 6epei"B p*HH Moôyiy a AOCTHria 
ByioHA»ono hocjtb qeTupexqacoBaro nepexo/ja. Hocjtb nyTerae- 
CTBia, npoAOJiHcaBaiarocfl 54 ahh, bo BpeMa ROToparo aRcneAHnja 
nponuia npocTpaHCTBO b*b 600 mhjb, qjieHu ohoô, HaROHen/B, ao- 
cthtjh nOAomBbi ropearo Rparca, BOTopuft 0Ha Han*peBajiacb H3- 
cii>AOBaTB. ^eBHTaro 'noua uajieHbRifi jarepb 3RcaeAHaie abh- 
nyjcfl B'B nyTb. 3KcneABuifl cx^AOBaia no Teieaiio ptRM l Mo- 



- 52 - 

6ysy, no cTonaMi» iipeguAymeft dncuennum rpayepa, m csopo 
AOCTarja aanefi rpaaaiiu jeAHBRa. Ha bucot* 13,780 «yTOB» 
osa BUHysxeHa 6uia ocTBBBTb *acT* aerpoB*, bq dojhmbb- 
maxca BBRorxa ao Tasoiï bucotm, h6o ae aa-fea oôyBM, osa 
nocToaoHO ckoju>8bjib b najain. Tyqa b% 8to npeMH nOAHBJBCb 
b 3KcneAHuia BUHyuAeaa 6uia pacnojojKBTbca Jarepeir*. 

Ha ci'BKyiomift Aeat npa ÔiaroopiaTBof noroA*, BBcnexa- 
ijia AOCTnrja xpasa noca* oepexOAa no noqrt HspuTpfl *ê- 
ôoibmBMH mejiflMB h AiBBmaroca Tpa qeTBepTB qaca. Ha paa- 
CB'bT'B ci*Ayiomaro abh osa AOCiarja BepmBBu xpeÔTa. 3kcd6- 
AHuia BaxOAHjacfc bt» caMOWB hb3komt> ym,eJbH xpeÔTa coega- 
Bfliomaro KiaBAsy ct> dhkomI), aaxOAamBMca b«b boctobj ot% 
bob b sa KOTopufi bocxoahj'b BojxacTou*. BeaoojaqBoe se6o 
A03BOifljio qjeaaM'B BKcneAHnJH bha'êti» bcb CHfearaufi BepmHBH, 
BxoAamia Bt coctbb'b cauoâ BOSBunieBHofi qacTB STott ropaot 

Cl> CBBepBOit CTOpOBU BpflS'B, Ha KOTOpOMT» qieau 8SÇfl4- 

abiûh HaxoAHJHCb, cnycBajica bt> nponacrb. IIpoTHBT» HHx'b, b^tom 
se BanpaBJCHÎH, noaaaajiHCb qeTupe ota^jtbho jeataorfa ropu 

CO CH'EHÎHblMH FepniHHailH EIOAHHMatOmBMHCfl BblCOKO HaA«B M** 

ctoitl, Ham BOTopuiiT» HaxoAHJHCb qjieHbi 8BcneAHuia. JS0k 
ueHTpajbHbifl ^opu aaxoAaJHCb aoqTH Ha oahoïï jibbIr; Basait* 
aaa ôbua yB'BHqeaa qeTbipbMa nasaMa, pacnojoxeHHUMB b*b gs* 
rpynnu, no ABa nasa bt> aaîKAoii; c-BBepHuâ paA*B 6biJi Buroe 
losaaro. 3to 6mih BepniHHbi BHA'BHHbia RojjiacTOHOM'b a Tiie 
caMbia, KOTopMfl qieHbi 3Kcneifmi« bba*jib cl AOJiHBbi Xhmiu. 
IIhbte>, jeatamift b-b Bocrosy OfB jieAHHBa Moôysy, Ha BOTOpui 
nOAHBMajicfl BajjacTOH'B a 0Ka3aBrai8ca jeacamuM'b Harce KiaHjtatB 
ae Mort 6uTb .HyBOHH, BHA'BHHbiM SKcneiBojeio h3t> HôaHAu, ao 
6hun> BTopocTeneHBbiS iibkt,, ,iejKain;i8 bh'b jinHin BOAopadA&ita. 

Bmxo Bceiro 6 q. yTpa h BnepeAH 6bun> secb asbb. rforoga 
6bi.ia xopouia a qjieHbi 3KcneAauin pbidhjir noAHaTbca Ba Ki- 

BBASy AJfl HSC.I'BAOBaBiH DyTH, DO KOTOpOHy BapaBaH*B A01K6H% 

6biJi cj'BAOBaTb A-^a AOCTHKe.Bia ospyrjioS qacia xpeÔTa, HaxoAB* 
m,eôca aesAy AByMa caHUMH pmcokhmb nepujaaaMH. Hjchh BB^ciie- 
A bu, in cnycTBjHCb bt» rjeqepy, je»am€My vn> îory ot* Rpam, 
a dotoh'b BepHyjiacb bi> apaacy a cji^AOBajn no ero noBepx- 

BOCTH AO BepuiHHW. 



- 53 - 



Bl Tft me BpewH oôiasajiHCb Tyw* Bo Bpetta spataux^ 
opOHewyTBQB'b* Bt Teieain hotop&ixti nefio npoflXHflJOCb, qjeHbi 
dKc-ne^HUÎii 3&MRTH1H 6ojti»iiiofl npoca-iT» Me<KA % T Kiae^sew h 
chIîwhoh) ropoio, jieaameio ni* tory u Be^ymeio ci» oAHOtl cto- 
pouM et ByA»OHrjro, a c% Apjroîî m* p-fcrt CeujHKB, 

Kaaa.iocL, qro hg Bcrp'&q&iocb oj-enaTCTBiâ a*h nepexoxa 
BToro npoxOAa h ash juxmimeEiji TâsBKft o6pa30MT» aojwhu 
paeiîOJiûaîeflHofi Mea^y KîaHAffieTû a cbmlimb blicokhmh naitaMH, 
Bmjo retuo (43 rp* no ^upenrefiTy * h âBCneAtmia sanpacBû 
WAajia qextipe qat!a noBa Tjms. ee paaottAyTCH, bo btq HHForaa 
u^ aacTyiiHJo, B'b nac% ahs BapaBaH'L comejn» cl uepimiBbi. 
BoaBpmiuuicf. no ppouijtuni» ea'BA&Mi», aHcnexnilifl AOCTana 
^arepHv c% «oToparo ona ornpaBBJiaCh yTpoirb b-b 3 qaea* 
Ha cjBAyromee yTpo BnciieAnuia BepHyjact bt» By^OBrojto. 
Bt, TeqeBiB Tpexi* nocj'BAyiomHX'B naeÛ 12-ro, 13-ro e 14-ro 
TiOBA aoîka*» »6 Aû3B0iHJ r b bi.ihtb BHCiieAaaÎH H3** jarepa. B% 
Tt^ieaiB stiixt. xp**<& nettiwnil ahcB 3ncneAHuifl ocxaBa- 
jiacb BOrpytttiMûA) jpg a paît i wh ryeTOârb TynaB'E /(ave 
hiiilk) He ôujio noina ot* myata boam, naABBmefl ôeaopeeTBBBQ 

Cl» UOHOTOBHblM'I» UiyuOU'I» CO CKUJ'b uaUHCUHlxl> fUM'b liaJ&Tlta- 
MH EAHBCTtieBBUU'B BblAaiOmHUCH COÛblTieirb ÔblJO BeOffiHA^BHQe 

noHBjeHÎti jeoaapA&i aoTOparo cHi^u 3»«'feqeHw ôlijiii paiibiue* 
Bt» ojuy noqb oh ii coffipaii> AByxt 6apauo&'L, a îrb ApyryEO, 
tfoi'Aa rfcpuoi'b CHA'^'fc nepeAX «Boeio uajiaTKGio, obi» noxowei'b 
ktj se «y aa pa3CT0;iaie iiath oyTOB*. t KaBt thaï» ko repD,orfc 
ncrajï'b, jeonapAt yG-Êjtfaji», ttO repuort, HOBeqgo, noqyBCTBO- 
Bajt ce6a HejoBKo ori» DpacyTCTBÎa aroro 3irnp« iiohth bl 
caMijiiTi îUîBTpi» jiarepa- /J, -i a BoenjbmiiKoii'i» »e coasuiBX'b bt> 

HBCTfi CiîBCliitl» BeOrpHHEAeflBOMTi U A* 8 ** JHOACfi AOCUJïaBIllïîXCfl 

aa boaoh> npwcyTCTBÎe sroro Mmunmuù apaAGTaBJBJO Bacxo- 
amyio onacaocTb. 

yTpoMi», 15 imaa, npn hchom^ Béé*, BKcneAHuia ooKBByja 
Fbkoba^o a B'b qeTbipe qaca oouujiyAHH AûCTnna Auyx'B 
OMp%j soAbi îtoToptaxi» eie noAHpajtiiL'ii pnôbio ot*b ABHseHia 
AKKHx'k yxOBi», DiaBaBiuux'b no ux*h noBepxBOCTn h oTpawajH 
BiiicoKÏrt, ÔBJïLia BepraHHLi OBpynraiOLuaro hxi> ropaaro xpeÔTa.— 
Beqepii ôbui'b ^y^ecat-ifi u qiesu BEcaeAHma baoboji» HaciaAH- 
xnch BejHicojiBnïeM'b oKpyîKUKï me tt h xi» iipnpOAu. — Co-JHue aa- 

BHTHJIOCL BBAI* II]Hp080EO A0J1HHOIO, OTffpUBaiPUieiDi!A BE 3BBaA^ 



54 



H HCHC3JI0 BpeHCHHO Bt rpyiHTÈ Tyi'B: nOTOM'B OHO oohtl nova* 

aajiocb nOA r i> hhmh h, HatcoHeirb, OROHqaTejibHo aaRaTH-aocb sa 
rpoMaAUMMrb jliCOMi», paBCTHJiaiomHifCfi y«?e bt> ôacceftH* pliRH 
KoHro. — lie toji>ko ropH30Hi"b* ho h bch aTMOC^epa 6biiH 3a- 

JIHTLI p030BblM*b OTTlïHKOM'b, BCJTllACTBÎe KOTOpUIH) Raw* r h AOlHHa 

TaKT» h ji'èct» KaaajiHCb oÔ'bhtuhh ruaMeHeM'B — Ha cjilj/iyïoinift 
AeHb 8RcneAHu,ifl npoAOJiîKajia cboU nyrb no aojihhIj, HMfea ct> 
npaBOfi CTopoHM CRajibi KianA»H. li«& TeqeeiH Asyx*B AHefl OHa 
nepeHecja cboh jiarepb kt> .icahhk.y cnycKaiomeBiyca k*b ropHofi 
rpynn-B, qepe3'B KOTopyio OHa wejrajia apoopaThca bt> AOJRHy, 
no KOTopoîi OHa HaMtpeBajiacb npoiÎTH. -C'BiiepHWH ckjiohi» 
KiaHAKH cnycKajiCH noqTH otbIicho naAT> 3tok> ;i,ojihhok). — ropa, 
noKpuTaa jieAHHROM'B. BHAHMaa K r b cfeBepo-BOCTOKy ott> jarepa 
9KcneAHi;iH, 6wjia ropa ftyBOBH. BHAliHHaa cl HôaHAbi, a AOJHHa., 
KH^HMafl bt> bo'ctoihomi» HanpaBjienin ott» jarepa, 6biia Haqa- 
jiom'b AOJHHbi • OTKpbiBaionieiIca npoTHBrb HaKiiTaBu. — Tenepb 
He ocTaBajiocb coMHfcHia bt> tout». qTO npoBajn> Tpayepa He 
cjyaHTb BOAopa3A'feJii>HOio JHHieio. — Bc* ropHbie hotobh coôh- 
paiomjeca b*b aojhh'ïî, jeacameil k'b 3anaAy oti> aToro npoBajia, 
cyTb npHTOKH MoôyKy.- yTpoai'B cjliAyïomaro ahh BKCneAHuia 
OTnpaBHjacb bi> A^JbH'bfiiiiifi nyrb h 110 BCTeqeHin qaca ao- 
CTHna poBHaro jreAHHKa npopfc3aHHaro TOJibKo HeMHOiMMH Tpe- 
mHHaMU. — ^bIj BepniHHbi, OTA'bieHHbja OAHa ott» Apyrofi bosbu- 
meHHbiM'b xpeÔTOMT». HM'èiouiHM^ xapaRTepHCTHqecKyio «opiiy 
cbaab, noKa3ajiHCb nepeAi» shciicahiûio bt> 6jH»aHiueM r b ott> hoa 
pascTOflHÎH. — Bwjio 6 q.^30 m.; cojiHite noKa3a.iocb Ha MHHyTy, 
a noTOBfb cnpjiTajiocb 3a TyqaMH, uoRa3aBiuHMHca kt> BOCTOqHofi 
CTopoHfe ropH30HTa. — CKopo B^Teph cTajH» AyTb nopw- 
BaHH Cb iora-BocTOKa; nopuBbi 3th Bce ycHJiiiBajiHCb h nocpe^a 
nJOCKoropbfl 3RcneAnu,ia 6wjia OKyTaHacHJbH'bHiiJHM'bTyMaHOM'b. — 
Oahh'l h3t> □poBOAHBKOB'B, meAuiift nnepeAH, upoBejn» 9KcneAHuiio 
kt> Bpasy cnycKaBiueMycH HHHce okojo oahoh h3Tj A^yxi» ca- 

MblX/b BblCOKHX'b BepiUHH'b. — CH'hr'b ÔblJ!!. TBepAT», H, CA'hJaB'B 

h'èckojilko maroB'b BaepeA'b, 3KcncAHi;iA AOCTHrjia BepniHHbi ero 
Brb 7 q. 30 m. BcjrfeACTBie rycTtiliuaro TywaHa nyTeiuecTBeBHHRH 
Aawe He MorjiH OTjHqHTb ôoji'he Bbico«iô nuK'b, BaxOAHBniificfl 

JEIIIb BT» paSCTOHHÎH H'hCKOJbKHX'b COTT» ApAOBT» OTT> HHXt. 

HaKaHyH* upoboahhrh 3aaBHjiH, ^to oqeHb tp/aho 6yAeT*B noR- 
HHTbca cb clJAJioo6pa3uaro xpeÔTa qepe3i» BepniHHbi Bbicinaro 
nuRa no npHqHHt ero HaBHcmaro xapHH3a. Bcji^ACTBie rycTOTM 



— 55 — 



Tyiiiana nTTetimrrBeHnnKii p&me ne unrjnr aaa'BTHTb enyma ci» 

RepillBGbï, HE KOTfipoH OHH B&XOftBâKfcli II BafiTïi JiyiHlift nVTb 
JUff OOXO^a KapHHSa .— f>BH AOJUBHU 6bIJH HJB OTaOBTBTb ftO 

Apyroro an h cnae ntwiHTÎe hjih* enycniTbCH bhh^^ do xpe6T\\ 
no «OTOpOMy ohii Bàftaiifffi-ft, h npmlTB Haute c^A^ooôpa^saro 
xpeÔTa, hjh eaKOHeut noiiwtûTbcn uepeôpaTLcn qepeai» btot^ 

XpeéCTt— lIpOBOAHHKH Bfc BUCKE3blRaJIH HHKftKOrO Mfl^Hia 

repuori* p r ËmHj^ t <ito6m atccneAnuifl nepaôpajach ^epeai» vhri- 
ioo6pa3BMÎt xpe6e r rt h ToatiKO b*& cjtyuafe uQMommexhuoft ae- 
apoxoaHMOCTH ttsôp&ja oôxoaboîî njTb. — ÏIpeKpacHoe ea- 
CToaHÎe cB'Bra oôjerrçiuo enyeK% r-è CBA^Goôpasaouy xpe6>y 
a cA'Bjajio ero ôoifee AOcrynabiM'*. — Tep^ort a ero cq-j'tbhkh 
DOABffjiHCH aaTftMii no ohchi» spyTOMy CKiïOHy no BbiCTyua 

rOpW; HM-b OpiltlJJOCb oGxOAHTb CTaiaKTHTbl H JlëAHHHH KOJtOHBU, 

ecycKaamieca ct* aero h iio/uepatuBaBiiiie BbïCTyn-b, ajîh Toro 

4T"Ôbl ÏIMliTb H03WOÏEBOÇTL AOÔpaTliCJl HO BepLHRBbl XpeÔTa.— 

HjieHiii 9KcneABuia HaKoaeivB otkpi.mh ocoôaro poAa jeAflayio 
Tpyfiy bbicotoio b'è raecTt oyTOBt; abb [ïpoboahh»& BCKapaôna* 
jihcl aa e*i Bepuifray a nocit »Toro t*c*i aBcneftimiH BBonua 
na BepuiBHy xpeôTa, BhiJio 7 h. 30 MaByri- — CB&flfin Btrepoiri, 
nn^y BajiTi cl roro^BOCTOKa, a tjhh rOHHU£>ia hmt>, apoxOAHJiH ut 
irbCKO.ibKiixi» apA&xt nOA*b HOtaaiB tueHOB'B BarneAnaja, ocTaBjaa 

OTSpblTblMB TOJkKO ABB IlBKU t!T» A'fittOfi CTOpOHbl QT'b BEX?. B 
TOTt, B» KOTOpOM'b OHH HaKOAH-lHCb. 

9THK-b AByMl» B6piBBBaU p b 1 eAHHCTBeBHblMli BHAllHbltU'B BT, 

atOT'b MomeaTt a ^ocTHxteBie ttcvropbix:& B^H^aao ero yemïa 
repaori> aa^t Hweaa ^MaprapaTa" m ÂjœKcaHjipa", Cb toio ubjlio 

*IT06b] BTi CBH3FI CB HMCHaMH BTHXli RBJX'h KopOJieFTb, BOCnOMB- 

BBHie o AByxii ApymecTHeBflbix'B Hauïax-b jiyqme nupemjro k'b 
noTo»cTf*y. BocnoiiBHfiHie ori'b liTajuH 1 hmh KOTopon b^ nepfibiifl 
paat pa33,a;nicb bt. a-nixt ropaxi», np« rpOMBHX'b a pa^ocTabix^ 

BpHKRX-b BHCHeAHUÎK II II M H AhIMIH, KOTOpHfl, 6iarOAH.pfl CB08B 

KOJiouusuTopcKon A'BiiTejTbeacTH, Hfi,iHeTca aocETeibRauefo ubbh- 
jH3auia AiiHte hh cffjoBax^ BTaxb A^ji6BHX f B rop'B. 

PaaBepByBt ua.ieflbifiîl *jafb, Bpy^eeabjS eaiy oepeAi» eto 
0Ttfl3A0M r B Eh BejisiecTHOM'b K^pojieBoio MaprapHToio, repuon 
npaiijrbniijr» erj i;t> AP^«By « BOjtpyaiu'b ira cEMOH'b B03Bbimen- 
bomti MiiCTB ch^jkbom BepuniBbi apis Tpoeï.pa THux'fa a UOJBWXT> 
BHTy3ta3iia Boarjacnx'b bcbx% qieaOB'b ^KCnejiauïii ,,Viva 
Margherita! Viva Alessauclra! Vi\a V [talial' L .— B'B'rcpii pM^ys* 



— 56 — 

TpexuBtTHoe 3HaMfl Èa^i» cHtraMH ropt, KOTopua *o TOro épé* 
MeHa 3HttiH TOJibRO AyHOBeHie sfrrpa a& peBT» 6ypb, a MaJeHbBia 

ÔJKBM AeBHSa, BblHIHTblH COÔCTBeHHOpyqHO BAOBCTBJfOmeiO ko- 

pojeBOK) HTajiiH Ha btoh'b eiarfe, 6ujih pasBepHyru bt> npHcyr- 
ctbîh BBcneAHuiH. — MajteHbKÎH 6yaBbi bth, TpenaeiibiH B'BTpoM'b, 
Moryrb Hcqe3HyTb, ho cjiOBa bth, bh'bct'b cb HMeHauH bthx'b 

AByXT> BepUIHHT», OCTaHyTCfl KaiCB 6bl Bbip*B8aHHblllH Ha BXl 

cKajaxi» bt> HenarjiaAHMMX'B nepTaxi». Oh* nocjywaTi» noompe- 
HieMT» h OAo6peHien , b bcbmt» ueyToitHMbiM'b h MyKecTBeHHuirb 

HBGJI'BAOBaTeiflM'B AHKHXT» a*pHKaHCKHXT> nyCTMHb, TpyAfllUHXCfl 

HaA'B pacnpocTpaHeHieMt eBponeficKOft iiHBHjaBauiH. - 

Ho B03BpaiueHÎH bt> EBpony repn,orb hm-bjh» CBHAaHie cb 
^kohctohomt» h IITryjEBMaHHOM'B h, no corjaineHiio CT> HHMH, 
pfemHj'b He ocTaBjaTb, no pa3HbiMi> npHqnHaMi», m'bcthux'b Ha- 
SBaHifi h Ha3BaTb c&bpjiomBL*ii HueHaMH cH'fewHbiH BepniHHu 
Bbicineô qacTH ropTb PyBeHn,opH. — 

Ho npeAJioseHiH) repuora ropHbifl MaccHB'b, HaA'B kotopmitb 
B03BbimaH>Tca naTb caMbixrb bwcokhxt> BepmHH'b, MaprapHTà 
(16,816 *.) AjLeKcaHApa (16,750 *.) EjeHa (16,388 *.) CaBoa 
(16,340 *.) h MoeôiycB (16,214 *.) Ha3Bam> ropoio Oranjieft. 

BTopafl ropuaa rpynna /JyBOHH, BHAfcaaaa HBTb HôaHAU 
Ha3BaHa no hmchb BejiHKaroHSCJi'BAonaTeia A«phkh, oTRpbiBmaro 
BOAonaA* Phqobt>, (Ripon falls) ropoio Cnent. — OHa, xoth h 
yciynaerb HeuHoro no bucoiyb npeA'BBAymeft, raB«e coAepsiiTb 
MHoro BbicoKHxt Bepuiuah. — CaiiaH K03BbimeHHafl H3t> hhxt» 
(16,080 *.) HaBBaHa no Huean Kopoia HTaJiin auKOMT» BaRTopi>- 
BMaHyHJT», a caiiafl HHBKaH h cainaa ioasuaa HaaBaHa ropoio 
Akohctohi» no hmchh «eJHKaro uyTemecTBeuBHRa.— TpeTBio 
rpjnny repéra HasBainb no hmchh 3Ha&ieHHTaro nyTeuiecTBeH- 
HHKa, OTKpbiBmaro oaepo AJibôepri, Hiauua rpynnoio EaBepi»; 
caMyio BucoByio hbb ea Bepuiam (15,988 *.) oht> Ha3Baji> b«& 
qecTB BejiHKOôpHTaHCKaro aopoja ropoio &AyapAT>, a caMyw, 
HHSxyio ropoio Cenaep , &; HeTBepryio rp^uuy repuort uneuOBi.A'b 
rpynnoH) Emhht>, no hmchh nyTeuieeTBeHHHKa H3CJi*A0BaBuiaro 
bth cTpaHU nocjiB CraHJiea. - CaMbia BbicoKia BepniHHbi ea uoiy- 
ihjh HasBaaie ryMÔeprb (15,807 ♦.) h KpenjLHHt (15,752 •). 
naTufi MaccHBi) repuornb Ba3Bajn» ropoio A xecCH no hm ghh 3Ha- 
neHBTaro HTaiiaHCKaro nyTeuiecTBeHHHaa, KOTopuft nepBwft no 



_ S7 - 



boa* ofH-fexajTï oaepo Aj^oeprii- a a^ bmcqiîe ea BepmwHy 
oht. Ha3Ba,ij> Iojaojia (1.%677 ♦,), h Euxrern (15,483 *.)< ïlle- 
ctvio rpjaay uH r b hhsbrj'i» Tomcûbtï. ws* qeci% BejiHKaro B3- 
fi'bj.OHaTejii] ÀapuiïH, ROTopoaiy uu uôssariu paenpoeTpaneHÏeii'L 
UBmijusauni ht, BTail <'Tpaij'fc. — Bbicimu BepiuBBM &TOH rpynnid 
oht» aaau&xb BefleMaui» (15,273 *.) Cejja (15,288 *.) a Crepct 
(1*\060 *,)♦ Havy, b& KOTopwft nOAUHuajcH BojuaeTOB'b a 
KOTopbiM, no ero lun-bniio, ubk<& ^jbohh (15,386 t.), repuorx 
Aajt* BaanaBie ero HacjbAûR&TejiJi. — 

BcBm-l AOJJHBfeâMTi, o»epanii h BOAonaAaMi-, Boiopue hocatti 
yiiUcxHMx^ iKUTeiêft oabo HaaBaHÎe, repaori» ocTanH» uteTHbirf 

uaaimiih, a&bhmu ami» HerpitM» njenenB BaKOHAHO* — T&m-b ace 

lll HHX'h, KOTOpwe HBBrOTTi HtïOBOJIbKf* M*C TBblX'b BMtHT> H T'bU'b 

KOTupwe HaxoijiTCfl Ha <k,iohd Omihkh oh* se Aai't uHitarcHX'B 

HBeB'b.-- 

UoAopaaAlïJibHan JiHHÏn upoxoAHTii otb (BToro) nitKa Ben- 
cMa.ja BAOïb no npoxoAy ^peiii^eib^a a<> BepoiiiBLi jopoia 3ny 
up^a t cj1ïaJ6ti» no rpefiflMi ropaofi u/baa b-l bûctqhuom'l aaopa- 
BJieuiB ao apoxoAa Ckott'i* Sxijora, DOABHMaeTCH aartM'h ao 
BepiuHBbi rpyrnibi CiaHJieK 1 ciotomi» npoxOABTb qepeat npoxOA^ 
lIliy.iMHiJBa ao ne pain nu BMKTopa-Sitanyfiia, OTTyaa lepesi* 
upoxo r i,b KaaaiJHi (Cavallij aq Bopmi-inu TyMÔepTa, a ot* btoS 
BepujiiHM Mepea* upoxoA-b PatsKaTH ffl separne* GoTrero a 

lOJlBHAU-^UBa 3aTl>M% CUyCEaeTCÎl OTb lOJ&tUU B% B0rO*BOCTO*ï* 

Uûm% uaupuBieRiu ao eoeABBeaitc ^h BeprunaaMn IJopTajjt a 
BaKOuau'i» ott» bthxi» BepuiHB-L onBTfc noBOpuMriBaeTi kt> c^Bepy- 
BocTOiîy»*- Ha ptsy MoôyKy moxio caoTpiiTb kbbt» aa ppaToK* 
p-bHM Boacysy. — 

Oaepo Bohc.vkv anTaemi Bo^aun riiaitHuxi» ieaHtii50n% rpynni» 
CTaajen, Cues* a J^neccn; obo HHoroBoxH-be oaepa Mo Oyicy, 
«ojiyqaKuuaro roibieo boa m xe^aaRoBb rpyoubi Eaaep*. — flfime 
npB xopomefi DoroaH cauwa BbJCoKÎB Bepinanbi ômjb 6oj*e 
h^ib Mes te CBpuTij :*a rycTbiMii TvitaHoui», POTapbirt rahse 
wtiiua.jt* oupt'A'b-'itiaitt) BaBpaBJteahf aoihht» etiycKaiOiuflXCA u% 

frlojffHO OAHavo LiolOWBTeJbHO «:Rft3aTb. mto qeTupe aojhhw 
ip^ymin k* 4>peui»eJibAy T Cmott* 9,uiory, lllTyjriiaBBy a Ka- 




— 68 ~ 

BeuiH coeAHHHiOTCfl BM'bCT'fe h hto TeRymin no hhm'b boam o6pa- 
3yKn"b p*Kj Eyrary.— P*»a »Ta nojyqaeT'b cboh boam H3*b 
jieA,HHKOui> rpynm» GraHjeft, Eanept, Cnena h 9mhhb. — Bcb*a- 

CTBÎe BTOrO p*Ka ara HBJIfleTCfl CaMblUTB Btt/KHUM'b ophtokomi» . 

Ha 3anaAHOifb crjioh*. — PfeqRH HiaMBaiiOa, PyccHpHAn h PyAMa 
nHTaiOTCH BOAawH jieAHHROB'b rop* ToMCOHa, 3MHaa h ^rceccH.-- 
20-ro iiOHfl wjieHbi BKcneAHuiH ohat* noAHuiHCb Ha ropy Aje- 
KcaHApa h noT^M'B aocthtjih rop'B EieHbi h CaBOH, — Bci-bat» 
aaT'&M'b bt> DpoMewyTOR'B BpesieHH et 22-ro iioua RKcaeAHuiH 
eaceAHeBHO coBepiuajua BKCKypcin Ha RaKyio-HHÔyAb ropy. rioA^- 
eMbi ôujih jerKH h ch^pl bt» ÔJiaronpiflTaoMi» hih BToro coctoh- 

HÎH. IIO B03BpameHÎH BT> EyATKOHrOJIO qJieHBl MOIMH 6blTb #>- 

BOJbHbl TfelTb, «?T0 BQOJIHt H3CJI'&A0BaJIH 9TOTT> CRJIOHT» rOpHOft 

n.'bnH; bocxoahjh Ha 13 Bepmufl'B h, Memgy npoMHMT>, ua caMyio 

BBICOKylO H3*B BHX'b, QpHqeM'B BbICOTa BepiDHH'b 6bUa T04HO 

onpeA*JieHa. — ^BfcHaAuaTaro iiojifl SKcne^nuia piiiiinja nycTHTbCH 
bt» oôpaTHwft nyrb qepesb aojhhbi pfeRi» Moôywy h BoHcyKy. 
CKopo osa AOCTHrja IIÔaeAbi, a 21 iioHfl qjieHbi aRcneAHuÎH 
BepHyjHCb bt» «SoprB-Poaju», ta* npoôbiiH AeCHTb AHeft, BO 
BpeuH KOTopbixT> ohh H3crbA0RaJiH KpaTepRbitf 03epa H OXO- 
THJiBCb sa cjiOHaMH b'l KyôaHCKOM'b jfccy. — 14-ro aarycTa 
obh npHÔbuiH B'L 3aTe66e npo'bxaBi» no wajieiibKOMy KaHaiy 
03epa BnKTopia-HiaHUbi. — Ohh BbicaAHiHCb bt> ,B,jkhiia>kh AJifl 
o6o3p1>Hifl BOAoaaAa PHnom» (Ripon F ails), a OTTyAa BepeyjHcb 
^•b EBpony no roft ace Aoporb, no ROTopoft nprfcxajiH, h aocthimh 
MapceJH bt» cpeAHHt ceHTHÔpa. — 

KorAa repuon» OROHqnjrb cbok> p'feqb Kopojb 3AyapAT> VII 
noABflica et m -Boxa h bt» noxBajibHott pfcqH,, iibxcKasajrb cBoe 
BoexnmeHie He tojbko Bacroameio, ho h npeAWAymHMH dECByp- 
ciflMH repuora. KopoJib ott> HueHH Bcero coôpaHia h npn npô- 
AOJWHTejbHbix'b h rpovKHX'B py KonjecKamax-j. bcëxt» npncyr- 
CTByiomHXŒ» noôj iroftapHJTB Ero KopojieBCRoe BucoiecTBO sa 
ero HHTepecHoe cooômeaie. — 

Ha 3Ty ptqb Kopojfl, repuorrb OTBfeTHjn» bt> KpaiKHx*B 
cjiOBax'b BbipaveHieM'b rjiyôoKofi ôjiaroAapHOCTH sa jecTHbift 
0T3biBT, o Heu'B h noôiaro^apH^b Ero BeiHqecTBO, IïpHHiia Ba- 
aiôcKaro h aHrjiftcKoe reorpaoHqecRoe OômecTRO sa cepAeqHuit 
npieMt ORasaHHwft ewy b^ JIohaoh* h 3a noAAepwRy ORa3aBHyio 
HHraificKHMH BjiacTHMH ero 3Rcne^Hi;iH.— 



— 59 — 



Tenepi* OCÏMTCl cAfcjratfc tcpaTïrifl o6aop*& BaytiBUXt pe- 

ayjfbTaTOBi» AfH i TNrByn»ix'i> 3nc:iiefliirueK> n KpatKoe «muni nie 

jtpjrHK'b rOpHMX'h HepilIHWb ROCTMHHOH A*pHKH.— 

II peau e utero cjifcjtyt»rb cicuatiTb uUcttoxhBo l\boht> o reo- 
.îOfH'iecunM i rTpoeniH nipt PyBeHUnpH- — npeAnojfiiReHÎf o RyjKa- 
HRqoL'KnArij npwR'xoiKAetMir u%% aojvbo 6wTb ocmmeHO* Bo Beeft 
fiepxueil qiiuTH CTpasu, TTpûtt^eimôft aK^neAnuH'KK aaxoflaTca 

THJfcKO JTb 04B )MIi UftCT'B, îï'b OKpeCTilO* Ttf XT. KllUCjJiy, CI'fcAM 

rouepuieBRu M^riHbie fi&aaxhTOfrçra sein, m* ruentoBuxTi ckô- 
llaKinnenie CflipeTO, 'i&eni oqeab rjiyôorcHX'b, HMliromuxT, 

firtK-inn'b ffi 60", , np'ïCTHpaeTCH OÔbîKHOBOHUO BTi HOCTO«?HOft 

nacra uesrpjijiiHOM rpynau lift ftOBfOM hjh lOro-BoCTOts-v — 

MpoHcxoïKjieHie rpynnt.1 ropi* FyuennopH h bucouhxi» nep- 
iuhhii en uetarjjHiKM.fi qaeiH ciBAyert îipnnncaTb Tpein> e**- 
jytomairb npn^MHSMi»— reoreiîTt»eBMeciïOH cîpaTifrpa^iiHeciïofî h 
jnrrojorHiti'goft, — »ai%-TO: 1 ). HnccoBOvy wï&bhtUq <ihCt« apxaa 
lecitim» cjoent, ae^xp ntaort A<&p kh, BuanàBmeuj oômjfl hubjohi» 
qui du c* sami^a na mdclobi» — Hûkjob h stots Bnfceri» cB«3b 
ci» f'jojbiuoïo Tpemmioin BMBBaïuu^io oôpa30Bauie a^ibbw Oh- 
jinuii paBHD Ktwh tf ri apyrawn TpeuiHimua aaM-Btu'atibifrHi 
B'h ei.Hepy uTtrpynaki rapt onjaiaiomen u-èimmti cepimiH n'fettcr- 
nvïomBxii ny.]KûtioB%, o6p&3uoui> KOroptâ» uoryr* .cjyvKHTb 
ByiKuuu u poussai h Topa.,— 

2) Oqtab actiu uôpiieoita-Buoiiy 3JJHUC*UAajibaoMy nojtiui- 
Tiiû uimBbj ch iijacTauu Bp$3aBWHiiHea bt> ipynnv ropx l'y 
iu^bu upii b iiM-ftiomeMy oômee uanpaBxeHÎe et cbjiepa sa lorrb. — 

3) llpHcyTCTBiio Rh neuipb rpytinu u/liJbixb eepifi riopn- 
TOB'b, Aiu6a30Rb. an^a6o-nnoHiï f ruefleouTï h jpymxi c«a- 
jiHCTbixT, nopoATbt tipeupacHo upirrtiBwc-ioamHx» oôflameaiio su'lmi- 

5IIIMM iBUTejlHUH, XHaiHWCKHMH H OHHKMeCBHUB, t^BCTUt» KOTO- 

pbivb itHiamacTbi, rneiicbi h .ipyrifl nopojuj oKasbmaton» uesbuiee 
riïnpoTHB-ieaîe. 

Kl* BTBH'b rJEnHUUTï npH4HHa51% C-l^iyeT^ [ipHnaBHTb B*- 

pnHTtiûCTb cymer.TnoHaHÎH BfîyTp€BHbiXT» TpeiuHHx npop'biUBain 

IUHXT, M1LCCBB1> OÔWKBOBdHBO^ Bt CT>&epflO»11> 'H lOHBOM'b Banpa- 

B4eBinxT>^ ito mo no aocjy*ari> ocHottauieM^ Kb ornU-seniio 
paajB^Nbix-h rpyunii uepuiiiflK oAtiott ot% ipyr^ft, 




*- 60 — 

XapavfepHOH) reojoraqecKOio qepTOK) bt> ropooin» Rpairii 
PyBeHaopii flBJfleTca rpoMaAHoe pa3BHTie h pacnpocTpaHeHÎe 
ero jeAHHKOB'b bo Bpeufl JieABHKOBaro nepioja. SKcaeAHuiH Bauua 
HCBue cj^au 3Toro nepio^a ao npHÔUTÎfl b-b HnxjBvy h eme 
6oi*e bocjtb Toro. — Bt> npeAHAymie reojorHiecRie nepîoAU 
AOihhw MaxOMa, Moôysy h Byiosy ôbijh nepeaojfleau rpoua/i- 
bijmb JejiBflvaHB, BOTopue coeAHuajfHCb anse HaRUTaBbi h cny- 
ciajBCL no tj cTOpoBy BnxynrH. Ha aaftaABoft ace CTopoa* 
jeABBKH Cbboh, -Ej6bm h Cearepu, ao Bcevy BftpoflTiio, aanoji- 
HflJHBnaABBy saxogiimyiocfl ue»A.vrpyunaNH roptOraBjea, Basepi» 

H TOMCOBI» H, OOBBABMOBy, COeAUHUJBCb C& jeABHKOWb KopOJb" 

BAyapA*.— A° KBRoro MftCTaoHB AOCTaraja aa 3anaAB0ii* cmob*, 
BRCoeAHaiB ae yAajiocb oopeA^Jnrb, dotomv qTo qjeaaM-B en se 

npeACTaBBJOCb HHKaBÛH B03MOJKBOCTH nOCkTHTb 8TOTl> CKJOUT» 

ropHOft u/bnu. 

B'B BacTOHm.ee Bpeain JieAHHKH 3th hm*iot'b HesHaqHieib- 
sue pa3M*pw b HaxoAflTCB bt» riepioA* aojiBaro OTCTynieaiff. — 
AoKa3aT6jLCTBOMi> BTOro «uRTa cjywHTi» npdcyTCTBie Mopee'b 
bt» pa3CT0flBiu h^croilrhx*b cor* apAOïrh BnepeAB Tenepemaett 

1HHÎB Jlbja H HeAaBBHMT> CTIipaHÎeM'B OOqBbi BÔJH8H uaacAaro 
H3 r i» 3THXT» JieABHKOBl».— 

3vBCb HtTT> nepBOKjaCCBblX'B jeAHHKOBT> BT> naBBblX'b ao- 

JiBaax'b, ecTb toji»ro jieAHHitH Bropuro paspaAa Ha Ôojf&e B03- 
Kunieaauxi, CKJioHaxi, hbï uiHpoKax'b osparaxb. — 9tb aocjrfcA- 
flie ae npBHaAJesaT'b *i> Tany upocTbix* CH'fcaKHbix'b uoJefl, a 
cyTb HacToamie ji6ahhkh. Bro He «apaoBbis ciojh, noAOÔHbia 
rbm», KOTopwH TaR'B qacro BCTpUqaiOTCfl b^b EBpoirb Ha A.ibnax'b, 
a HacToamie jcabhkh, pacnpocTpauHiomie cboii paaB'&TBjeHifl ht» 
pasHbix'B aaapaBJLeaiflx'B. — B«b ôojffie BoaBbiuieaauxi» rpynuax'B 
ropi» PyB6Bi(opfl mm ncTp'fcqaeM'h qepTbi, apncymia ropain» 

CKaHAHHaBCKHM'b. JleAHBRH, ROTOpbie ODyCKHIOTCM HHJKe BC*XT> 

cyTb JieAHHR'b MoôyKy, ouycnaiomiflea aobucotu 13.682 *yroB'b 
a jieAHBK'B CejTepo» onycKaiomittcH ao BbicoTbi 14,335 «. CaMue o f >- 
mapabie jcaharb BaxoA«Tca ua Bepuiaaaxb OraHJieii, CaeK-B, Ba- 
Kepi» b Ha BOCToqBOM'B crioh'b ^/KeccH. — Ha BepiuHHaxT» 3mhui> h 
^afoacoBi> JieABBBB hmèioti» ^eabniie pa3Mlipbi. — Ha Bepmaaaxrb 
bthx'b rop'b BCTp'B^aiOTCH oqeHb qacTO jeAflHbie BbicTynu bjb 
Rapaa3bi t noAAep»HBaeMbie ôojtbuiHiiB cTajutRTHTatta. B-feqHbie 
CH*ra sa 9thxt» BepiuHaaxi» hm'èiot'b OKpy»HOCTb, AiaueTpi» ko- 
Topoft paBBaexcfl aaorAa agchth mhjhmi». 





Maorie B3% npe^EnecTBeafltîKOBi» HftCTUAmeft diicaeAffaJH 
hhujjh Jfieiio B"Bqnaro cHtra na bmcotU npBÔJfl3BT6Jfeao 13,700 

•yTOBT», V6JRAJ T-fett-fc KAK^ HO MliKsilO jlaRBAa S $p60J*nJbAft 

OHa eaxOAHTCH na 650 «.vtobt. Bbiuie. 3ia Bwcoxa oiBuasoBa 
et tuio, KOTnpym AOCTiirBïOT'fc je^anKH aa CFioHaxt rop'fc, — 
^o*îi> HeMHHjeMD upeBp^maeTcn bi* cH^n» Ha bmcoti 14^60 

*yTOB*b. Bt B'fcKOTOpLIX'b M*CTftXï, B% AOaBHaX*, BflCDeiBllîU 

Bâiuja noôojbiuiîï, poBBi.ia m-bctb, noEpuTbia nCBJioqHTêJbflo 

TpaBOK) B paBBBBU IIOtîpLlTLIfl HBBOCBblBB SeuiflMH. *TO 6lJin 

BMSBaBO narpûâioîKieoiaMH cKajn, h, KauesHbixii nopofct ôoifce 

njOTBblXli q'BHT, OCHJJIbBhlH B0pQI.bï H KOTOpbïfl Wh npOtilJfcje 

reojoraiecKie oepiojbj saGpyaHJH bt» hîïiiotopwx'* MfceTaxi btb 
AOJBBbi, BbiabiBaa Bbitiie aaupyjn. BOianijfl aaKûajieHirt h oaep- 

BblH OTJIOSeQi S, BOTOpuîï CO BpeueHeMl» lipeBpftlUB JHCb BT» paRHHSbl 

DOspidTUB ôojfce hjh Menue 6ojibraiia!B 5ojroTawH, Oaepo Bymy- 
kj HoaseTti CjyîKBJb npeKpacBbm oôpaâïiOM'fc oeTarBOai* oifloro 
mb-b 8THX*b oaepHux'b ôaceeftBOH-b. 

Bt> AOJHHax'b Moôyay h Eoacyity, aa bwcot* upn6jn3B- 
TejbBO 10,000 *yTOH* T noqTfl hoctoabbo t6pjmh h bjb^uuh 
BJiauaT'b BbiabiFiaen» ocofieinio ofiiubaoe npoiiapacTBine kxob* 
poxa renaTHKACi» h jawneB**, noBpbiBaiomBx'b [jonepxBocTB 
ytet'O&'b h 36UJIH ti npïiKpr.iBSKîiUHXTî ftesqncJieHHbie ctboiu bm- 
bt> apoH^pacTaioimix r b pacTetfift a pacTeBift CKA.nnBiiiBxCH ot'b 
BftTxocTH. Ha btob bmcot'B AOJBBbt HQvpbiTbi paciotUBOfO pacrw- 

TejbBOCTl.10, BepeCKHHB, JBBpOByUB A^P^BbHHHt OpXMAeHMH R 

uanopuTHHiïîtMH, m* rbBii É KOTopuxi* npoii3pacTaK>T , fc •ÎHIBH, 110' 
TniEOBbiBjrepaflîyiibi^nfl^BiiiH^oBTHqBUBpaCTeaiH n ocoibhHa abico- 
rt 11,500 «yTonii y «a neftocTaeT-b 3tia<iHTtMbuaro qucia pueré- 
bîh pacTymax-b wh 6ox1*e nuHueBBbix'b mcTaxi h BAftt'-b bctp*- 
HuiorCH roJbKO raraBTrtde nepecifB, Lobeliasu Scnecios, a naB- 

fifalMI» 0Ôp«3i>M» LIADUpOTfiHfflf, ttXH HepHtlCBSU JIHUUU). ObB 10- 

CTHratoT^b HaB6ojbtJuett cTeDeBH CBoero paaBirria na HbicOT* 
12,000 «yroBii, obojo nepxHBX^ apeibaoBi» npoHupacTUBifl »e* 
pec^OHTï. Hume nCTp-B^aiorcfl roibno Seiu-cniriae Lobelîa h bb 
iiOBepxBOCTU 36KJ1B [u na iweejWHotmu $éMÀu) Hepaticas a An- 

{BHB. 

Ha ça mm xi» BepmiiBax% pai'TyT* xoibBo mxii, jbdjsh b 
ptA^ie a oqeab MajenbKie aK^onminpbi ♦aecporauTy KOTopwe 
nanoMHBaioi'b bbu% xapBKTepBCTH'iecvyxopaoTBTejibHOCTb Àibiit. 
B*h 6oTaHiiHeeKOi1 KOJiesaiB T cofipaBBOH aucneABJiieio, do sceMy 



i 



— 62 — 

R-fepOflTÎK), HaÔjieTCfl MHOrO BRReMnJIflpOB'B HOBMXT», HeHSB'&CTHUX'B 
HaM*B ftO CBXTb DOP'B pOAOB'b H BHJOBT» paCTeBift. 

B*b njasu BKcneAHiuH se bxoabjo noApoÔHoe h cneuiaib- 
Boe asyqeaie «ayHu bthx*b îfbCTHOcTeâ. Oahbro, sacKOJbBo 
CKopocTb nepeABHweHia h coctbb'b do^hu bto aobbojajb, aoojorp, 

BXOAHBUlie B'h COCTftBT» BRCneARlUB, QpB COA*HCTBiH KttTOJB<ieC- 
RBXT» MHCCiOBepOBT), COÔpaiB 3BaqHTPJbBblfl ROJieRUJB. HO M*p* 

Toro KaKi» aueneAHuîn cnycBajiacb b«b AOJaay MoÔyRy, «ayaa 
CTasoBHjacb 6*AH*e, a noci* ByA/Korjio meâu en BCTpfeqajiii 
h 31» MjeKonHTfiioiHHx'B tojii>bo jfeonapAOBT», jieTyqiA MbimB h spo- 

TOB'b, a B3l> HTHn/b B0pOH«b H COBOJOB'b. IÎ3T> Ôe3Q03B0H0 , lBVX > B 

arHBOTHUx'b nona^ajiflcb pa3JiHqHbixT> nopo/n» HacbKOMUfl a iep- 
bb. Ha caMwxi» BucOKH>rb BepniHBax'B aaxOABJB qepBeft bbaori» 
Hemoptera h Diptera. 

IIocjcè KpaTRaro h ÔBrjiaro oôsopa KOJijieKuiô, npHneaeo- 
bux-b aKcne/iHaieio, uotkbo npifiTH ri» 3aKJH)qeBiK), qTo oh* npeft- 

CTBBJIflH)Tl> 3lia«IBTejlkByH) H ÔOrBTyH) afHTHy He TOJbKO pa3JIB1- 
BUXT» nOpO^l» H8MT> yse B3B l feCTflUX'b JKHBOTHMX'b HO H 78006% 
A0 CBX'b DOP'B COBepmeHBO B£H3B'BCTflblX'b HByRT,, B'b OCOÔeHHO- 

ctb paasaro po^a iithe/b, mouhocrobt», h paKOOo6pa3HbixT>. 

IIo nopy^esiio pejaRoôparaBCRaro IIpaBBTejibCTBa B'b 1904 
roiy ôbijta OTDpaBJieHa aBrjiHCBax HHCcifl dort» flaqaJbCTBOM'B 
RauHTaBa IIlMH/vra a-uh npoBeAeHÎa rpaHHU,bi Meway BeiHKOôpa- 

TaHCRBMH B repBiaBCKBMH BJiaA^BiflBIB BT> BffBaTOpiajbBOH Ào- 
PBR*B. 

Hzi* orqeTa npeftCTaBJieHflaro KanaTaHOMt IIImhatomt» mm 
no3aHHCTByeM r b tojbro qacxb Racaiomyiocn onflcaaiH BbK'-oqaft- 
iueiï ropu bt> A^phb* KajiBMaBAacapo b ea oupecTHOCTeô. M*ct- 
aocTb BORpyrb ropu rpaBAiossa h JKHBonncH'feHiiiie bbau cj*- 
AyiOTTb OABHb 3a ApyraMi». Topa BTa AOCTHraerb 19,718 «ayTOBT» 
bucotu a Dpesumaerb, 3HaqHTi>, sa 1,200 *yTOB*b 3ib6py cb a 
Ha 3.000 •yroB'b KasôeRV oaa mibKO sa 400 «yTOB'b BH«e 
HaMôopacco, caMoro B03BbioieBHaro, aocxfe AKOHOKaryB, aorac- 
maro BfJKaHa ioxhob AiiepaRB; ycTynu ropi» n aojhhw qepe- 
AyiOTca oahh 3a ApyrnMH B'b dToft cTpaB'È h opaAaiOT'b en pas- 
HOo6pa3H*HmiH bhat>; ÔJiaroAapa aroiiy a KjHMarb 3Atcb He 
OAHHaKOBi»; b^ AOJHHaxT» rocaoACTByeT'b caiibHaa sapa, a Ha 

BOSBblUieHHOCTflX'b RJCHMaTl yifbpeHHbjil H M'BCTaMHJiaSte AOBOJb- 

ao xojiOAHbift. 



— 63 — 



CoqHHfl « xopoman xpasa 3 a* et BaxOAHTCfl bt> usoÔbjiîh, 

a l^Ca BrTJl'HlRHri'OH TOJfeKQ Bit AOJHBHXl» h B& XOJfiiaxi». Fopfal 

KpoKi> h KBJiaitaBAîKapo nospuTu rycTuMH, i-fcBCTBeBHLiMB ift« 

CôMB. 

TTiiiKtiflg qai-Tb cbjiqhobii ropw Kbjhw&fu^PO npeACTan- 
jflCT'b qucToe, Tpanapoe nnjie et TepHOBbiuti KvcTapHBKauH, nooa- 
AawimHMMCFi Bb nft&OTopux'ïi MUcTax*; aa stext, CEJûHax'b eOahh- 
uïiioti'H utiCTaMH aeoojibniie xojhu, KOTopbix* KpaTepQoôpaaBbiR 

OqepTaHÎrt JRâ3URafOT% JU*BblM r T> 06pB30MT, BH BX1, BJ JK&HH«ieCIT06 

nponcxoHîxeuie, ooJitmiïi janoBua cebjbi» tronaiatomiaca hbofab 

BTi BUCOHutt TpaB* RfclftS>TO 9T0 TpaBHHOe DOie H&CVQ OUBBb TpjflBO 

upoxojiHMwin». «Hea aa^BuaiOTCfl aa stuS ropti aa bmcot* 7000 
gjtoi * H nojtBHHaioTCH *o 10,000 *jtobi». Py^Mi h p-fc^KH *iac- 
to jîcxp^qaiOTCrt j\*b 9T0ft noxoc*, ho aaiacTjK) Tasse cnycKa* 
iotch non» laBOnwe ootobh, a Becnofo ohb oaan. noauiHiûTC& 

Hft paBHHHH. OftHUBO BOAft *** B306nAlH BCTp-B^aeTCB JHIUl. 

y ■laiiTOKHTOHa Hiiffierophi w> koctoibomi flanpaBieBiu paaHHBa 
CepBBreTu 11 pQBBHBa p'Bkh Toaao HOKpbirbi rycTwMB AJffyar- 
ibmh. ripespacHoe «paTepsoe 03epo ^axa mbxoahtch bt» CbBepo- 
BOCTGiy on cTaHDtiH TaBeTu. BocTO^Hbifl, KoaeqHbift bjhkt'b y 
•lairrriKUTOKa, Ha cÊBepHOSit eiioa-B KHaanaHA^&po, 6ui-b 
AncTHrajT'B 3KcaeAHaîêio h% napi"B 1905 roAa* a paôoTaHoiiHHceiB 
.10 gToro ujHiïTa 6u-ia OBnuqeHa bt» îioj*b toto we ro&a. 

.Hpyraa sQrjiïncsaK ancneABuia boa* aaqaj témoin, Kaan- 
raBa Eepeeca npoaaBOAaja b* 1903 r<uy TparoBOMeTpameoEiH 

ït3M*peHÏH BUCUT* RBAT» JpOBBeMT» OKeaBB, BB KOTOptl** le- 

w^T-b riaBBbifT atpnttaHCRifi oaepa h bmcott» cnubix r b biucokiixi» 

bejnunFT> nip-b boctohboh à*phkb. 

HavËpaBiH btb o^eab toihu h a&jh ci*A> 7 *>mie pesjAb- 

TftTbJ* 

BbicoTa 03epb Ha/u> ypOBHenb oneana. 

BflBropiB HiaHqa jemuTi» aa Bucurfc 3,720 

TaHraaaaiîci , . ♦ , 2,624 

Hlscca f * l t 645 

A.4b6epT"b - * . . 1,037 

AjibôepT* diyapA* . • * 3,004 



— 64 - 

KHBy • . • . 4,829 

HaTpoirb . . . . ■ 1,096 

Maraja '2 050 

AMne 2,333 

HaftRama 6,135 

HaKypy 5,668 

Bbicoîa ropi> sanaAHOft A^pmkm ma* ypoBHerb oneaHa. 

KHJBMaHRflCapO *yTOB*b 

tiepeag ero pepniBHa Khoo .... 19,718 

BTopaH KnMaBeH8H 17,569 

KeHÎH 17,007 

Topw PypeHEtopn. *yTOB«B 
KaHBarirynrBe 

hjh MaprapuTa 16,619 

ÂJieBcaHApa 16,549 

Kopojb S/iyapa.'B 15,748 

BwKTop-L 9MiianyHJ , B 15,846 

Kopojt TyMôepT-L 15,554 

Topa a^roHi» 15,258 

IojiaHAa 14,152 

ByjKaHM M*yM6npo 

KapHCCHMÔw 14 683 

MHKeHO 14,385 

MyxaBypa . . 13,562 

CaÔHHaio 11,881 

CaTTHwa 14,152 

KflBBHion'B 12,753 

Ha** ai-oro spaTBaro o6oap*BHiH hcho bbaho, qTO b'broto- 
pwn a«pHRaBCBifl oaepa saB^-TO BHRTopia— Hianua, K«By, 
HaftBamu h Hasypy JiewarB sa ôojibiuofl bwcot* Ha^i» ypoBHeM* 
OBeaHa h ito ropw BocTOiHofi Aophhh ycTyaaiorB no bmcot-b 

TOJbKO caMUHT» BUCOKHMT, BepU]HB8M f B FhbIB JiattCRHXl» ropt H 

Ahaobi AiiepHKH. 

KapA7> JIblCaK06CHiÛ. 
flïbûctneumejibHbiû HJteHh KpbiMCK0-Ka6K(i3CKaw ropnaio Kjiytia. 



, AjifeniïïcHafl xpoHUKa- 

Ilpopbtmie MoKb-Ejiana. 
llpopwTie cHMnjioHCKaro TyHHejia Bbi3Bajio bo 4>paHuin m ace 

IIOAOÔHMX'b.lipoeKTOB'b MeJKfly KOTOpbIMH CaMMH HHTepeCHUfl Cb 

tohkh ap^Hifl qncTaro aJibnHHH3Ma — npoeKTb npopHTia MoH'b-EjiaHa. 
JIjih stou ivfejjH bx CaBOHio h >KeHeBy npHÔujiH M« Mauris, ho- 
bhô AMpeKTopi. KOMiiamw «ParisZyon-Méditcrranée», cl HHHteHe- 
paMH Margo h Pourcel. Ilocjrfe neperoBopoB-b cl aflMHHHcrpaijieâ 
JKeHeBH, 3th JiHua otômjih B-b Chamonix, rn'h MHoroqHCJieHHbie 
HHJKeHepbi y me Ha^ajiH TexHHHecKia H3bicKamfl. 

«La montagne» 1907. 



HayHHan jiaôopaîopifl Ha Monte Rosa. 

• Ha xpeôrfe OjieH'b (Olen) Ha Monte Rosa Ha Bucorfe 3000 
m. HeAaBHo oTKpHTa .laôopaTopiH hjih HayHHwx-b ropHuxi, H3Cjrfe- 
AOBamft 110 6oTaHHK r É, 6aKTepiojioriH, 300 florin, (J)iï3iojioriH, 3eMHOâ 
(fmanK-fe h MeTeopojiorin. Bb JiaôopaTopin Haxo^HTca 18 Arfecrb, 
Koxopbifl pacnpeivfejieHbi cjrfeAyiomHM'b oôpasoMi*: Be.nbrin 2, Ah- 
rjiifl 2, TepMamH 2, OpaHijifl 2, ÀBCTpo-BeHrpia 2, UlBeûuapifl 2, 
AMepnna 1, h HTaJiia 5. JXjih ôojrfee BbicoKHxt H3Cjrfc,aoBaHiâ no 
(J)H3hk15 3eM;iH h uo cJ)H3iojioriH HaxoAHTCfl iioM'ÈiiieHie pacuojio- 
meHHoe Ha Copanua Regina Mirqherita, Ha BepuiHH'fe qnifetti 
(4500 m.). >Kejiaiomie 3aHHTb M'fecra npHrjianiaioTCH oôpamaTbCfl 
no cji'bJiyioiueMy aapecy Turin cà M. le prof. A. Mosso. 

wLa montagne i 1907. 



BKCKypCÎOHHHÏ 0630111 

1906 ro.ua fljiTHHCKaro OTji±jiemn KpwMCKo-KaB- 
Ka3CKaro TopHaro Kjiyôa. 

v 3KCKypcioHHWH ceBOHi» oTqeraaro 1906 ro^a ÔJiarojjapfl irt- 
JiOMy p/iAy (fraKTOBrb, HeôjiaronpiflTHO OT3biBaiomHXCH Ha pa3BHTin 
TypH3iia, Booôuje, no pesyjibTaTaMT, cbohmi» HeMOHferb 6bm> npH3-:- 
Ham» yAaqHMMii. 

IlpoAOJiHcaiomeecH bt> cTpaH'fe OTcy-rcTBie rapaiiTÎH h HMymecT- 

BeHHOÔ 6e30naeiIOCTH. BHb CBH3H CO BCeoClUHM'b 3KOHOMHqeCKHMT> 

KpH3HCOM r b, oTBJieKaa Maccy TypHc/roB-b 3arpaHHuy, qyTb He Ha 
nanoBHHy noHH3»jio oômee mhcjio uprEswHxi» bt> HCTeKinewb roAy 

BT> fljITy, HTO He 3aMeAJIHJIO OTpa3HTbCfl Ha OKHBJieHHOCTH 3KCKyp- 

cioHHaro ce30Ha HjiTHHCKaro Oijx±j\cmH. He ocTa;wcb 6e3*b BJiiflHÎH a 
KpaHHe HeÔJiaronpiaTHHH rj\h coBepuiemn HKCKypcifi Mereopojio- 
rHHecKifl ycJioBifl MHHyBiuaro ,TBTa HenpepbiBHue, qncTO Tponaqec- 
Kie no CBoefi wuvk ao>kah h paHO nocETHBUiee KpbiM'B Bnojiirfe 
oceHHee HeHaerbe. HoKh BJiiflHieMT* bc-ext* 3thxt> cfmKTopoB'b o6mee 
qncjio ynacTHHKOB'b uKCKypcifî Kjiyôa noimsiuiocb no cpaBHeHiio 
ct> npeja.tuecTBOBaBiiiHM'b 1905 roAOMi> iio^th Ha 900 qeJioP'fcK'b: 
bt> 1905 r. -7905, bt> 1906 r.— 7014 yqacTHHKOK'b. 

IIo npoAOJïHCHTeubHOCTH CBoeâ cesoHT. 0Ka3aJiCH cpeAHHM'b 
OTKpwTHË 1 -ro anp"BJiH, ohi» THHyjicfl ao 10 0KTH6pfl, t. e. npo- 
AOJiwaJicfl 193 ahh, Ha ABa auh MeHbuie, q-fcja'b bi> 1905 roAy- 

Bcbxtj aKCKypciô m> oTqeTHOM-b roAy cocTOHJiocb 306; w&h 
hhxt> 288 SKHnaHtHbixnb sKCKypcm h 18 3KCKypcÎH n'feniexoAHHX'b 
Hst» qHCJia 3Knna>KHbix r b BKCKypcift OAHOAHeBHbrx-b ôhjio 262 h 

MHOrOAHeBHHX'b — 26 . 

CpeAH coBepineHHbix-b B-b OTqeTHOM-b roAy MHoroAHeBHHXT> 
3KCKypciô KaKTb no CBoeMy HayqHo-o6pa30BaTejibHOMy xapaKTepy, 
TaKT> h no 3HaqnTeJibHOMy qncjiy yqacTHHKOB-b BHA'BJiflioTCfl ab* 
3KCKypcin: AByxAHeBHan acmponoMUHecKaH 9KCKypcin Ha Aâ-IleTpH 
h 4-xi> AHeBHaa leoAOïutiecKU-ôomaHimeeKaH 3KCKypcia Ha 
l IaTup'b-ilar r b. 

AcTpoHOMHqecKan 3KCKypcifl Morjia 6biTb opraHH3onaHa no- 
TOMy, qTO Ji'BTOM'b oTqeTHaro roAa no nopyqeHiio IlyjiKOBCKofl 06- 
cepBaTopin na LIIhihko ôbijrb ycTpoeirb h ofiopyAOBaHTj KOMaHAH- 
poBaHHbiMH OôcepBaropieà yqeiiHMH aeTpoHOMaMH rr. TnxoBbiMTî 
h FaHCKHM-b, BpeiieHHUH acTpoHOMHqecKiâ HaôJiioAaTejibHbiâ nyHKTb. 



— «7 — 

3KCKypcin KJiy6a 6ujia jiio6e3Ho BCTp-feieHa rr. acTpoHOMaMH 
h npoBejia nacTb hohm 3a acrrpoHOMHHecKHMH Haôjno.a.eHijiMH, uojib- 
3yacb pyKOBo^cTBOMb, oô-bacHeHiflMH h yKa3aHiaMH rr. Thxob^ h 
TaHCKaro. 

Eme ôoji'fee HHTepecHofi h o;KHBjieHHofi Bhiuuia 4-xt» ^HeBHan 
reoJiorHHecKH ôoTaHHnecKafl SKCKypcifl Ha HaTbip-b-ilar'b h B'b 
KocbMo-JlaMiaHOBCKiH MOHacTbipb. PyKOBo^HJiH aKCKypciefl: npocf)ec- 
cop-b reo.TioriH HMoepaTopcnaro ToMCKaro yHHBepcHTeTa r. 3afi- 
ueBi> h jioueHT'b no Kac^eap'E ôoTaHHKH yHHBepcHTeTa cb. BaaAH 
pa B. B. <ï>HHHb. ynacTBOBajio B'b BKcKypcin HeôuBajioe nnn Tano- 
ro oMajieHHaro h TjiKejiaro MapmpyTa kojihhcctbo SKCKypcaHTOB-b 
39 HejioB-BKi». B'b HayHHOMb oTHoniemn SKCKypcin oKaaajiacb Becb- 

Ma nJIOflOTBOpHOHI ÔbUlT* COÔpaH-b 3HaHHTeJIbHbIH ÔOTaHHHeCKifi H 

reojiorHHecKiô MaTepiajn>, h yqacTHHKaMb aKCKypcin HaB-tpHo, aoJi- 
ro ôyjaeT-b uaMATHa Ta B'b Buctueô cTeneHH opnrHHajibHafl, Heoôbin- 
Haa oôcTaHOBKa, B'b kotopoh ohh cjiyuiajiH npeKpacHbis, TajiaHTJiH- 
BbiH jieKixin npocj). 3aftucBa: TeMHaa rpoMa^a TaHHcTBCHHoâ . ncme- 
pu, yxo^nmie bt> Bbicb Bbicouie cboâu, HCKpfliuiecn npn TpeneTHOirb 

CB-BT^fe 4 ) aKeJ10BT> npHHyAJTHBUe H3JIOMLJ CTa.:iaKTHTOB'b H CTaJiarMH- 

tobt>, h cpe^H 3Toh c|)aHTacTHHecKofi ay^nTopin, BbicoKan 4>Hrypa 
MacTHTaro npoc|)eccopa ci> yBjieneHieMb npocTo, hcho h 3axBaTbi- 
Baiome HHTepecHo HaôpacbiBaiomaro BejiHnecTBeHHyio KapTHHy nocre- 
neHHOâ CM-BHW reojiorHHCcKHXT> anoxb h nepio^oBb. 

3KCKypci5ixMH cneuiajibHo-GoTaHHMecKHMH pyKOBOflHJTb, KaK'b h 
Bb npoiujibie ro^bi He3a6BeHHUH npcj,cbflaTCJib H^THHcnaro oTjrB- 
jieHin MarHCTpb Kapjii» JleoHTbeBH*n> Tcaiae. Tanux-b SKCKypcifi 
cocTo^jiocb Bcero 5, h npHBJieiuH on-fc 59 ynacTHHKOR'b. Eme paH- 
Heio BecHoio KOHTopofi 3KCKypciâ cTajiH nojiyqaTbCH nHCbMa H3i> 

pa3HbIXT> M-BCT'b PoCCJH, CT> 3anpoCOMT> OTHOCHTeJIbHO BpeMCHH H 

MapuipyTOBb 6oTaHHHecKHXT> oKCKypcifi Bb 1906 ro^y. ABTopw 
3THX'b nviceM-b, H3b ro^a bi> roxb nprfc3}K.aK>Hi,ie Ji^TOM-b B'b #jitv 

HCKJlIOMHTeJIbHO pa^H 6oTaHH3HpoBaHifl, HJieHU TOfl lieÔOJlblUOfi, HO 
Hpy>KHOH CeMbH O^yXOTBOpeHHOH JIlOÔOBblO KT> HHCTOMy 3HaHiK), 

KOTopyio co3Aaji-b h cnJioTHJib BOKpyrb ccGh HeyTOMHMbiH yqeHbifi m 
6e33aB-BTHbiH TpyaceHHK'b noKOfiHtiô Kapvni> JleoHTbeBHHT>. H bch 
3Ta ceMbH Kb Maio M-feomy ôbijia y>Ke Bb côop-fe, m jlo no3^Hefl 
oceHH noMTeHHbiH oixmaMH, ho lOHbiH ^yiuoK) rpnmeK) .nioôoBbK) kt> 
jioporoMy A'kay, Kap.Tb JleoHTbeBHHb OKpy>KeHHUH Tojinofi yneHH- 

KOB'b, 3KCKypCHpOBatf'b, A'BJiaJI'b n-BUIKOMT> AeOlTKH BepcTi>, 6oTa- 



— 68 — 

HH3Hpyfl h rep6apH3Hpy5, nepeHooi HapaBH-fe c*b iohmmh npo3ejnrra- 
mh ^.oporoô mh Hero HayKH bce HeB3ro;ibi h HejvioÔcTBa OT^ajeH- 

HHXT> nO-ii3^0K'b. BoJIbHO CTaHOBHTC* npH MblCJlH. HTO HCOyKHAaH- 

Haa cMepTb Kapjia JleoHTbeBnqa, cocTaBJi^iomafl TfljKejmo îioTepio 

;um ÔoTaHHHecKoô HayKH, Booôme, ajih ôoTaHunecKoô oTpacjiH 3K- 

_CKypcioHHOH opraHH3auin HjiTHHCKaro oT^-fejieHiH Mo>Kerb cTaTb 

He3aM-BHHMOfï, H XOTEJIOCb 6bl B-fcpHTb, HTO HaHJXeTOI KTO HHfivjXb 

H3i> cTapuiHX'b yneHHKOBT> He3a6BeHHaro Kapjia JleoHTbeBuna, ko 

TOptlfj 6bl nOCHJlbHO 3aM-BHHJIT> B'b pyKOBO.HHTeJIbCTB'E ÔOTaHHHCC - 

khmh DKCKypciHMH OTouicainaro Ha b-b i ihuh dokoh yneHaro. 

B.narcuapfl cjiaôoMy CT/E3iiy TypncTOB'b h hum'Ijhhuboh noro- 
j.'fe OTpacib JKCKypciô n+>iuexo^Fibix'b oiviHqajiacb H'bcKOJibKo Mt'Hb- 

UieïO OyKHBJieHHOCTbIO, H^Mb B'b npCAIllCCTBOBaBIUCM'b 1905 rojiy. 

Bujio coBepuieHO Bcero 18 sKCKypcin, npH 127 yqacTHHKaxT>. 3k- 

CKypCÎH 3TH, KaK-b H B'b 1905 TOAY HOCHJIH nOCTOflHHblfl, npaBHJlb- 

hhh xapaKTepT>: bt> ejKeneA'kabHoe pocnncaHie SKCKypcifi bhoch- 
jiocb peryjiapno no ABa n-buicxo^iibix'b MapiupyTa Bbipa6oTaHHbiXT> 
coraacHTj KOMneTeHTHbiM-b yKasaHiflM-b dlyTeBO^HTejiH no ropa>rb 
KpfeiMa*. 

OcTaeTCH eme CKa3aTb H-fecKOJibKO c.iobt> 06'b 3KCKypciax'b 
yneHHqecKHX'b. ycnyraMH HjiTHHCKaro oTjVKJieniH bo BpeMH cbohxt> 
acKKypcifl Bocnonb30BajiHCb cji'fe^yiomifl yneôHbia 3aBe^eniH h ne- 
^arorH^ecKH yneHHHecKbi rpynnbi: 

1) <ï>acToBCKoe >k. 4. ynusimno. 

2) Ilpcno^aBaTc/ni h yMCHUKii H.ithhckoh MyjKCKOH AjieKcaH- 

^POBCKOH rHiMHa3Îli. 

3) Tpynna nej.aroroB-b hst* HHyKH^ro-HoBropo^a 

4) 1-an XapbKQBCKa^ My^vCKaa rnMHa3iH. 

5) ^LiTHiicKaa /KcucKan rMMHaiiiji. 

6) XapbKOBCKue 3eMJie;rb\ibHCCKoe ymumme. 

7) IH-e ropojxcKoe fljrrancKoe ynHJiHme. 

8) BocnuTaHHHKu EKaTepHnoaiaBCKaro hc. £. yHHJinma ct> 
npeno^âBaTCJiHMH . 

Bcero 213 ynainHxcn h ne^aroroBi 

3sLKOHHliJlCH SKCKypdoHHblH Ce30HT> KaKT* CKa3aHO BblUie 10 
OKTAÔpH. 



OTHETT> 

o cocTOHHin My3eaiîjiTHHCKaro OTA±jiema KpuM- 
cko KaBKa3CKaro TopHaro Kjiyôa bt> 1906 ro/iy. 

il^aTejibHocTL My3en HjiTHRCKaro oTxfejieHiii bt> HCTeKnieMT, 
1906 ro,4y KpacHop-feHHBo £OKa3biBaerb, Kaio> MHoro Mo^eTt czrfc- 
jiaTb, ^a^aBinHct KyjibTypHbiMw u^ji^mh o^ho CKpoMHoe y^pe^ae- 
me, ^a>Ke JiHiueHHoe KaKOH-6bi to hh ômjio oômecTBeHHoâ homo- 
uj,vl h no^ii,ep>KKH, npeAocTaBJieHHoe bt> cBoefi paôorfc hckjiiohh- 

TeJIbHO Co6cTBeHHRMT> CHJiaM'b. 

Hhcjio noc-tmeHiâ My3en — 3Tott> B-fepHHH noKa3aTejib HHTe- 
peca, npoflBJineMaro ki> My3eio co cTopoHbi OômecTBa, npoaojijrça- 
eTt HeyKJioHHo B03pacTaTb. H 3To, HecMOTpn Ha CBoeo6pa3Hbii i 
yKJiaA'b oôiuecTBeHHoii >kh3hh nocjrkaHHX'b jit3TT> oTBJieKatoimii 
BHHMaHie oômccTBa or* onaroBb mhphom, HayqHofi paôoTbi, KaKb 
My3eô Hamero OixfejieHiH, Bb cTopoHy KHnyqefi ncuHTHHecKOH 
>KH3hh, HecMOTpa Ha HCKJiioHHTeJibHo HeÔJiaronpiHTHbifi Ce30HT> OT- 
M-feneHHUH KpafiHe cjia6«MT>npi-fe340MT> TypncTOB-b h ce30HHUXT> no- 
cfeTHTeJien. 

Bott> hto roBopHTi> cTaTHCTHKa nocfcmeHiâ My3eH 3a pwb 
nocji-feAHHXT> jrfrnb: 

Bt» 1 903 r. pacnncajiocb bt> KHnrfc nocfemeHiâ 1490 uocfcraTejieâ 
B"bl904r. » >. » 1786 » 

B-bl905r. > » » 2034 » 

h bt» 1906 r. > » » 2270 » 

JlonycTHB'b, hto Ha oAHoro 3anncaBmarocH noctTHTeJin npn- 
X04HTCH Tpoe HesanHcaBiHHXca, nOJiy i iHMT> npH6jiH3HTejn>Ho o6in.ee 
hhcjio nocfeTHBuiHX-b My3efi bt> TeneHie 1906 ro^a 9000 HeaoB-fcKT» 
Ha 1000 nocfcmeHiâ ôojibuie, htîmt> b^ 1905 roay. 

rio oT^-fejibHbiM-b M-feomaMi, 3aperHCTpoBaHHHH nocfemeHia pac- 
npeji^JiHJOTCH cjiHb^yiouxHM'b o6pa30MT,: bt> HHBap-fc 27 nocfemeHifl, 
b-l cJDeBpajrfc 47, bt, Maprfe 58, B-b anp-fcxk 736, bt> Mai 257, bt, 
iioHi 277. B-biioork 299, bt, aBrycrfc 228, bt> ceHTHÔpi 148, bt, 
OKTHÔpi 85, Brb Hoaôpi 59, bt, AeKaôp-fe 49 nocimeHiâ. 



— 70 — 

BojiBniaH uHcJDpa nocBmemft bt> anp-fcjrfe oôtHCHHeTcji np«- 

Uie^IllHMC^ BT» 3T0Mb M'fecHU'fe nOCTynJieHieM'b BT> • TOCJIO 300JIOrH- 

qecKHxi» KoJiJieKuiâ My3ea p-fc^Karo npe^cTaBHTejia HepHOMopcKOft 
<£ayHM- jinrBu — pu6ojioBa (MopcKoro nepTa), upe^CTaBjinioiUAro bh- 
^aiomiôcH HHTepech h npHBJieKiiiaro kh ceôis co cTopoHw Hjithh- 
CKaro oôui,ecTBa cocpcuoTO'ieHHoe BHHMaHie. 

KoJiJieKixiH My3en oôoraTHJiHCb bt, 1906 ro^y BecbMa MHom- 

MH II^HHblMH IlOCTynJICHiflMH H IKWepTBOBaHiflxMH. Bi> 3oojiorKnec- 

Km oTA'tJi'H My3CH iiomhmo npioGpHbTeHHaro MyjeeM-b ynoMjmyTaro 
pHb^KocTHaro 3K3eMnJiflpa jiflrBH-puôojioBa BHTpHHa .ajth KOToparo 
no^epTBOBaHa H. A. CeôpHKOBUMi», iiocTynHJiH cjrE.jiyioiiiJH no^cep- 

TBOBaHÎH OTT> H. A. CeÔpHKOBa HO XOpOUieMV 3K3CMlIJlHpy HepHo- 

MopcKHXt yrpH h CKaTa. 

Orb r. TpecKOBa — upeKpacno KOiicepBHpoBaHHtifî 3K3eMiuiflpT> 
KpynHaro wcJiToÔpioxa. Ott> KanwTaiia JIa3apeBa — idkcKoJibKO sk- 
aeMnjiapoBT, TpenaHroB r i> îî3t> KnTaHCKaro Mopa. XpaHHTejieM'b mv- 
3en B. ripaKaôTHcoMt npHroToB.iCHi> npcnapaTi, kpijmckoh np-fecHo- 

BOAHOH CanaMaH^pbl HCmC ITECKOJlbKO npeiiapaTOBT> MCJIKHX-b tfÇH- 
BOTHHX'b. 

Ilo oiXEJiy 3HTOM0JioriH, ott> 3aB-E£yK>maro Biy3eeMT> TaBpH- 
necKaro 3eMCTBa C. A. Monp>Keij,Karo nocTynnno KpaâHe u*feHHoe 
h Ba^Hoe Bt o6pa3OBaTeJibH0Mi> oTHoiueHiM no>KepTBOBaHie: 4 bht- 
pHHti, HJiJiiocTpHpyioiuiîi nojiHoe pa3BHTie rjiaBH r EftuiHXT> BpejïHTejieô 
KpuMCKaro cejibCKaro xo3flfîcTBa h ca^oBo^cTBa: h6jiohho& mojih, 
KonbiaTaro uieJiKoiipH^a, nenapHaro inejiKonpMa h 3JiaTory3KH. 

Q6pa3u,OBO cocTaBJieHHaH, cHa6>KeHHaH nonyjinpHLiM'b h HHTe- 
pecHO HanHcaHHHM-b onHcameM'b BpcnHTejieH, KOJiJieKuifl 3Ta #bjui- 

eTCH He3aM-BHHMbIM'b nO.flCIIOpîeM'b AJ1H UIKOUt H, BOOÔlUe BCEX"b 

HHTepecyioiu,HxcH arpoHOMieâ h jiioÔHTejieH npHpoflu. 

OwfeJi'b HyMH3MaTHHecKiô nonojiHHJicH noKepTBOBaHieM-b A. 
JI. BepTbe-JlejiarapAa 19 cepe6pjiHbixT> h M^Htix-b - apeBHe-pHM- 

CKHX-b H XepCOHeCCKHX-b MOHeTT> XOpOHiefi COXpaHHOCTH H3T> AyT- 

CKaro CKJia^a. 

il-BôcTBHTejibHHH qjiein> #. O. H. A. CaBHmuH no^epTBO- 
Bajn> no OT/j-EJiy najieoHTOJioriH nojiHbiH cKeJierb 6e33y6aro aejib- 
(j)HHa h H-fecKOJibKo MejiKHxi» BemHU'b no oTxfcjiy apxeojioriH. 

OTA'feji'b KOJuieKuiô 6oTaHHHer.KHXT> nonojiHHJicH, a Kaio> h bt» 



— 71 — 

npoiujiue ro;0J, BucoKoyBa>KaeMbiMT> npeAcfe^aTeJieMT» HjiTHHCKaro 

OTA-tjieHÎH KapJIOMT» JIeOHTBeBHHeMT> TojibAe. 

Ott> TOBapHiu.a npeacEjaaTejifl HjrraHCKaro oTA-EjieHia 4>. Jl. 
Beôepa nocTynHjia bt> Aap'b npeKpacHaa tohkoh xyAOKecTBeHHoft 
paôoîu KPy^CKa bt> ^peBHe-repMaHCKOMt cthjte, noAHeceHHan eMy 
BKCKypcHpoBaBiiiHMH no KpHMy HjieHaMH JleânnHrcKaro OpieHTb- 
PeM3e Knyfia bt> 3HaKi> npH3HaTejibHocTH 3a Jiio6e3Hoe coA-sficTBie 
oKa3aHHoe hmt> 4-poMb BeôepoMt bo BpeMH aKCKypcifi. 

HaKOHem», Bb kohite ceHTHÔpn oTqeTHaro ro^a, nocrynHjio 
ott> apxHTeKTopa 3^yap^a 4>eJiHKcoBHqa IleTpjKHKOBCKaro H3-b 
AjiynKH ôoraToe aTHorpac^HHecKoe coôpame npeAMeTOB'b cTapHH- 
Haro h coBpeMeHHaro TaTapcKaro oônxo^a: cTapHHHan TaTapCKan no- 
cy^a, KOJijieKuia cTapHHHux-b nap^n* h apyrHxt npeAMeTOB-b kch- 
cKaro OA-E^ma, aMyjieTbi, opy^ie, noacHtm h rojioBHtin ;KeHCKifl 
yKpauieHiH, Kajiwmbi h t. n. }KepTBOBaTejn> ocTaBJiflerb 3a coôofi 
npaBo B3^iTb h 31» My3en Ha3BaHHwi KOJiJieKiÛH Ha cjiynafi, ecjiH 6u 
ocymecTBHJiocb KorAa HHÔyAb ero HaM-tpeme ocHOBaTb bt, AjiynicE 
CBofi co6cTBeHiibu°i 3T.iorpacf)ii t iccKn — apxcojiorn T iccKiô My3eô. KaKT> 
h3b-ectho Ha TaKHxi> ace ycjioBinxi, DOM-femeHia bt> My3e-i> #jithh- 
cnaro OTA'EJieHifl h bcb KOJuieKUiH OjibrH Bjia^HMHpoBHU MeTajib- 

HHKOBOH. 

Ci> pa3M-BmeHieM-b KojuieKUÎH r. IleTp>KHKOBCKaro KoTopoe 

ÔLIJ10 BbinOJIHeHO, 33 HCHM'BHieM'b BT> My3CB CBOÔOflHarO ATBCTa CT> 

6ojibiuHMT> TpyAOMT>, noM'bmeHie My3ea aocthtjio npeA'BJibHOH cre- 
neHH nepeiiojiHeHia, h cHOBa ct> HeoôbinaHHOH ocrpoToft BCTaerb 
Boupoc-b o HeoTjio>KHOH, HacTOHTejibH-BHinefi HeoôxojiHMocTH pac- 
uiHpeHm 3aHHMaeMaro My3eeMb noM-fcmeHbi. 

Ct> 1-ro OKTflôpa orneTHaro roAa IIpaBneHieirb HjiTHHCKaro 
OTo.'feJieHifl ycTaHOBjieHa 3a nocfememe My3ea He3HaHHTejn>Han 
nJiaTa (cb A^Ten h yqamHxcn bcbxt» yneônux-h 3aBeAemfi 5 koo-, 

CO B3pOC^bIX'b 15 KOn. nO BOCKpeceHiflMT> C0 BC'EX'b 5 KOH. OIKOJXb- 

Hbin rpynnw ct> pyKOBOflHTejiflMH ne^aroraMM 6e3n;iaTHo). 

MlspOH 3T0H HBTBJIOCb BT> BHAy H/BKOTOpoe yCHJieHÎe CpeflCTBT, 

Ha noAAep»aHie My3ea, CTaBinee ôjiaroAapn HeyAaraoMy 3KCKyp- 
cioHHOMy ce30Hy, 3aTpyflHHTeJibHWM f b, rjiaBHHM'b me o6pa30Mi> or- 
paHcaeHie Mysea orb Hanjibraa xyjmraHOBT>, HeTpe3Bwx'b jim^-h h 

npa3AH0UiaTaK)IH l HXCfl, nopTHmHXT> KOJUieKUiH H CM0TpflmHXT> Ha 

My3en h Ha npnjieraiomyio kt, rieMy Teppacy KaK-b Ha m'bcto yAo6- 
iiaro oTAwxa h 3amnTu ott> HenoroAw. 



— 72 - 



TaKHMi* oôpasoirb, bc* KewuieKuiii Myaefi kt> 1-ny nfifeap* 
1907 rofla pacnpefl'fejifliOTCii no OTvrfejiain* cjrfcAyiomHM'b o6pasoMi>: 









Kt> 


1 HHBapa 


Bt> TOMT> MHCJTfe 








1907 r. cocto- 


nocTynn^o Bt 








HTb 


irpeAMeTOBi». 


1906 r. npefliieT. 


a) Oxfl'fejrb 


ÔOTaHHKH: 




1205 


387 


6) 


» 


reojiorin, 








MHHepajiorifl 


[Hna^eoHTOJiorin 




543 


17 • 


B) 


» 


ampono- 








jiorin .... 








5 
352 


___ 


r) 


» 


300Jl0riH 


47 


fl) 


1 
2 


apxeojioriH 

HyMH3Ma- 




190 


19 


THKH . . • 








396 
11() 


27 " 


e) 


» 


3THorpac|)iH 


116 


m.) 


» 


(J)OTorpa- 








(J)HHeCKHXl> 


CHHMKOBt . . . 




318 


32 


3) 


» 


KapTi> re- 








orpa^mecKHX'fe 


h njiaHOBi» 




32 


6 



A Bcero 



3157 



651 



ïpaHHTejn> My3ea BjaducÂaei Ilpaxaûmuci. 



HaTbip-b-flarcKiM ripitcrnb 
KpuMCKO-KaBKa3CKaro TopHaro Bjy6a, 

bi> 1906 r. 



IlepBaH 3anHCb bt> KHarfe noM'feHeHa 30 Maa, nocjrfeAHflfl 13 
ceHTRÔpfl, cjrfcflOBaTeJibHo npiiorb (J>yHKuioHHpoBa.irb bt> oT^eT- 
homt» roAy 3 nojmMX'b M'fecaua h 14 AHefi. 

4hcjio Bcfex'b 3anHcaBuiHxcfl bt> nocfeTHTejibCKOâ KHHrfc 
TypncTOB'b — 556 qejioB'fcK'b. 

IIo OTA'feJibHMMt M'fecflaaM'b nocfemeHia pacnpeA'feJiHJiHCb 
cji'feAyiomHM'b o6pa30Brb: 

bt> Ma* 47 TypncTOB'b, ynjiaTHBUiHXT> CToporay 3a hoh- 

Jiert, ocMOTpT> nemep-b h saô 
bt, iroH* .... 215 „ 

b^ uoji± .... 143 „ 

Bii aBrycrfc . . 132 „ 

BTa ceHTflôpIî . . 19 „ 

A Bcero . . 556 „ 



BbipyqeHHafl cyMMa noniJia irfejiHKOM'b bt> nojib3y areirra 
TopHaro Kjiyôa ,H>KejiHJifl, HaHHMaBinaro CTopoHcefî h nocTaBJiHB- 
maro npHnacbi. 

PacxoflT> Ha HaTbip'b-flarcKÎË npiiorb Bupa3HJic h bt> ynjiarfe 
apenflbi 3a nemepw bt> cyMM'fe 100 p. 25 k. 



HHe npoAyKTH . 


. . 3 p. 80 k. 


» n 


64 p. 74- k. 


n M 


49 p 16 k. 


» » 


21 p. 50 k. 


v n 


7 p 80 k. 


yn/iaTMBQJMX-b 


147 p. - 



-Es- 



AEHEHCHbltf OTMETV 



HjiTHHCKaro OiyrfejieHifl KpbiMCKO -KaeKaacKaro 
TopHaro Kjiyôa 3a 1906 r. 



npHXOfl 


T>. 






- 


CTATbH nPHXOflA. 


Py6. 


Kon. 


Py6; 


Kon. 


1 

OcTaTOKT> kt> 1-My HHBapa 1906 ro/ja. | • • 




884 


65 


noEjiyBy: 








HjieHCKie b3hocm 


180 


50 






IIpoAa>Ka H3AaHiô Kjiyôa 


23 


4 






Ott> nocfcmemft My3efl Kjiyôa .... 


16 


55 






MToro .... 


220 


9 




1 
no 9KCKyPCI0HH0Ë KACOB: 


i 




A6oHeMeHTi> ({wTorpaiJm Ha Bcfe ncrfcsAKH 


600 


i 
i 
i 




IIpOAaiIO DKCKypciOHHHX-b 6HJieT0BT> Ha 
CVMMV 


5761 


76 








Hïoro .... 


6361 


76 


i 


Bcero. . . . 


6581 


85 


6581 


85 


Bcero npMXOA* . . . 


• • 


• • 


7466 


50 


Pacxofli» 






7797 


17 


ripHxoflt 


• 


• . 


7466 


50 


A*4>mumti> . 

• 






330 


67 



P a c x o a r b. 



!Ç a. 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 

12 
13 
14 
15 

16 

17 



18 

19 
20 
21 
22 

23 
24 
25 
26 



CTATbH PAGXOM- 



ynmiiHa. 



He yn/iaie«o 



Py6. 



Kon. 



h o k ji y b y. 

JKa^OBaHbe KOHcepBaTopa My3ea 
}Kaji"Banbe cropoxty .... 

PeMOHTT, AOMa 

PeMOHn> HHBeHrapfl 

Tejiet^oHT. 

Ape«Aa HaTbipi-JIarcKHX'b ueiu/pi 

PeMOHTb f'OpHMXT» TpOHHHOKT> 

Pacxoflbi no Myaeio 

OToruieHie 

OcBismeHie 

Pa3CbJib»ufi h HajowdHBUfl njaiesa 
Ht h co6«paBia qjeHCKin b3B0C0bi> 

Kamiejuipifl 

IlomoRbie pacxoAM 

TepôoBbiH MapKH ....... 

Pa3il3AU ceKpeiapH in jCBjam 

Rjyôa . 

rijiaKaTM o My3e-fe . . . • . 
PacxoAt no aacBAaHiaM-b . . . 



MToro pacxoAOB-fc no Kiiytfy 
00 3KCHyPCI0HH0i 0Pr»H«3»HI«. 

TMnorpa(p. pac\. h o6i>HBJieHia 

bt> ra3eTaxi> 

TaTapcKOfl KOMiiuHin 3a JiouiaaeH 

PeMOHTT» ;)KHiiameH 

JKajiOBanbe npoBOAHRKaH-b . . . 

HaeMT. 4aCTHWXT> H3B03HHKOB'b . 

JKaJioBaHbe h °' B03Harpa5KAe 

Hie KaccHpui-B 

BosaarpaajiPB. «HpeKTopy anciypcifi 
PasvBSflHbie AHpeKTopy .... 
Bo3BpameiiHbiH Ai'Hbrn sa. neco 
CTOHBiuieca 3KCKypcm 



MToro pacxoAon no aKÇHypcifwi 



240 
60 

141 
16 
37 

100 
75 
44 
23 
24 

12 

10 
16 



814 



165 

4749 
400) 
262 
-54 



30 
82 
50 
25 



75 
9 

78 
80 
20 
20 

20 



89 



50 



50 
70 



Py6. iKon. 1 Py6. Kon 



225 98 

500 

100 



224 



6682 



A BCerO pacXOAOBt 7497 



60 
28 

17 



300 



300 



7497! 17 



300 — 

I 



7797 17 



CM*- 

fljiTHHCKaro OT^'fejieHifl KptJMCKO-KaB- 

n p h x o g t>. 



CTATbH I1PHX0M- !Py6. 


K. 


ii o k ji y b y: 

HjeHCKie B3HOCW ... 

Ilpo^aîKa H3namfl . . 

Ott> nocfememfi Myaea K/iyôa ... 

00 3KCKyPCIOHHOH OPrAHH3AD,IH: 

BKCKypcioHHbie ÔHJieTW 

A6oHeMeHTi> <J>OTorpa<f>a Ha 3KCKypcin ce30Ha 


100 

2* 

100 

2800 
600 


— 


Mïoro Bb npHX0A*b 


3625 





T A- 

Ka3GKaro FopHaro Kjiyôa Ha 1907 r. 

p a c x o a t». 



no no- 
pgflKy, 



1 

2 

3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 
9 

10 
11 

12 
13 



14 
15 
lfi 
17 
18 
10 
20 



CTATbH P A C X jl A. 



Py6. 



h o k ji y b y : 

}K&«OBaHh& KOHcepBaTopa My3en .... 

JKa^oBaHbe cropowy 

PeMOHTT> floina 

PeMOHTT. HHBeHTapa . . • 

ApeHfla HaTMp-b-flarcKHXT. nemep-b . . • 

Pacxoflu no My3eio 

OroiuieHie 

OcB-femeHie 

PaacwjibHbifi 3a nojiyHeHiejn. qjieHCKHXT> 

B3H0C0B1> • • • 

nOHTOBbie pacxoAH 

KaHue^apifl . 

TepôoBbiH MapKH 

PacxoAM no sacBAaHiflM-b 



no opraHHaan.iû aKCKypciH: 



Oôi.HBJiemH h TmiorpacpcKie pacxoAH 



Pa3b-B3flN AHpeKTopa »KCKypcifl . 
TaTapcKoB KOMnamH 3a JiwuaAefi 

PeMOHTb 3Knna>KeH 

}KajioBaHbe h °/o KaccHpin'fe . . 
HiajioBaHbe npoBOAHHKaiit ... 
Ha HenpeftBHA'BHHbie pacxoAbi . . 



HToro 



Aojin» 



240 

60 

20 
10 

100 
25 
15 
25 

10 

15 

5 

5 

2 



BanaHct 



150 

100 
2000 

150 
150 
180 
82_ 

3294 
330 

3625 



iKon- 



33 
33 
67 



— so- 
lo anp-fcjia c. r. cocTOHJiocb, no,zn> npe^cfe^aTejib- 
ctbomt> ToBapHma npejictiiaTejiH A. A. TpanaHH 3acfe- 
aairie IlpaBJieHiH KpuMCKo-KaBKa3CKaro TopHaro KJiyôa, 

BT> KOTOpOM-b OhJJIH pa3CMOTp-fcHH CJl^R. JOrkia: 

1. H36paHbi bt^ .n'feflCTBHTejibHbie qjieHbi Kjiyôa: 

1) JleMeHKOBa JIhjùh TaBpHJiofeHa; 

2) BaôueB-b AjieKcfefi MaxaHJiOBHq'b; 

3) MaHTaHpyarL, 3pHeerb Crec^aHOBHq'b; 

4) HBaHOBCKift, AjieKcaHApt Ioch^obhhx; 

5) BHJibKoiueBCKiô, Mapiairb JlbBOBaq-b; 

6) JOpreHCOHb <t>pHApHX-b XpHCTJaHOBHH-b 

7) [],aKHH A.ieKCaHAP'b KoHCTaHTHHOBHq'b 

8) TepameHKo CTe^aH'b HBaHOBHnx; 

9) IlepcHUKiH, MapKTj BopHCOBHq'b; 

10) CoKOJioBa, TaTbflHa HBaHOBHa; 

11) CancaH, Anna rparopbeBHa h 

12) ^aHqHq-b. AHHa HBaHOBHa. 

2. FIocTaHOBJieHo: BupasHTb ôjiaroAapHocrb qjieHy Kjiyôa K. 
H. HepeneHHHKOBy 3a npHiiecenHbiH hmi. bt. Aap^ Kjiyôy 5-th 
BepcTHyio KapTy KaBKaaa h HiiCKOJibKo KHHrb h uyTeBOAHTejieft. 

3 y-rBepHCHeH-b B3aHMHbIË OÔM'feH'b H3AaHiflMH, npeAJioîKeHHHH 
BiOJIOrHHeCKHM-b KpyWKOM'b CTyAeHTOBl> npn HOBOpOCCifiCKOBTL 

yHHBepcHïer'fe, îipnqeM'b p'feuieno oTiipaBHTb 03HaqeHH0My KpyacKy 
3anncKH Kjy6a 3a iipouuibie roaw, HaqHHan c r b 1900, — coiviacHO 
ero npocbCrfe. 

1<. OniocHTejibHo 3aHBJieHin eiyACHTOBb EKaTepHHocjiaBCKaro 
Bucinaro ropuaro yqHJwma o coaMctbîh 3KCKypc*iH, opraHH3yeMOÈ 
AJia HMXT> A^ifl reojiornqecK. H3wcKanift na KaBKa3 , fe, p-feuieno nepe 
AaTb :rro A'feJio KaBKa3CKOMy TopHOMy OômecTBy, nan-b yqpe»<AeHiio 

ÔJIH3KO CTOflmeMy K'b yKa3aHHOH M'feCTHOCTH. 

5 ÛTHecacb ci> jkhboio CHMiiarieio K'b ri[)eAJiOH<eHiio r. 
TjiOHTH-yqpeAHTb OTA'feJieHie Kjiyôa bi> r. Bany, Kam> Bnojurb 
OTB'feqaiomeMy iviaBHoô saAaql* Kjiyôa, IIpaBJieme nocTaHOBHJio 
cooômuTb r. Tjiohth o T-fex'b <|)opMajibHocTflx , b; Kania upeAycMOT- 
P'bHbi ycTaBOM-b Kjiyôa iipn OTupuriH HOBHX-b OTA^-nemô ero. 



Toro >Ke qncjia cocToajiocb OqepeAHoe Coôpame Kjiyôa. 

IIpeAC'feAaïejibCTBOBaJi'b ToBapHiu/b HpeAcfcAaTeJiH A. A. TpajiaHH. 

llo OTKpuTia 3acfeAaHÎH h npoqTeHifl h yTBep^AemH atyp- 



— 81 — 

Hn.ia iipo^iuecTBOBaBiiiaro 3acfeAauifl OnepeAHaro Coôpanin Kjiyôa 
7 -oro ACKaGpn upomjiaro roAa ^Jieirb Kjiyôa K. O. JbicaKOBCKift 
cAi3./iaJi-b cooCmeHie o BiiQBb otkphtwx^ ByjiKaHaxt ueHTpaJibHOH 
A(|>pnKn, a Bi, 3aKjno c ieHie npeACTaBHjrb KpaTKift o^epicb Hcropin 
oïKpwTÎH «thxtj naCTen Ac{)pHKH Booôme, HaHHHaH C r L JleBHHrCTOHa. 
KpoMb Toro, no npocbô* npncyTCTByiomHX'b, j&Ji-h HirrepecHbifl 
noApof)HocTH o nocjrfenHHXTj pacKoriKaxi» Bb BaBHJiOHli w Ha o. 
Kpnrfe. 

'Sarbwh r. Kan r ropoBH i rb AeMOHcrpHpoBa;rb apea'b coôpamearb 
ycoBepuKîHCTBOBaHHbift aMepHKaHCKift (rrepeocKon'b 4>HpMw YH^ep- 
ByA'b h yn#epByA r b Ha BHAax'b ]>epwcKHx r b 'Ajimiid h Apyraxi* M'fecT- 

HOCTCH. 

lfi aiipkjiH c. r. no;rb npe^cb^aTeJibCTBOMt> llpeii- 
cfc.'iaTein K/iyôa A. Jl. Beprbe-, tejiarap.ua oocroHJiocb 
3acf>,nanie ripaB.neniH Kjiyôa. 

Uo oTKpwTÎH aacfcAauiH [IpeAcbAaTeJib Kjiyôa, oxapanrepH- 
aoBairb A'bflTe.ibHocTb uoKOHiiaro Ceprbfl HBaHOBima RiOBaftcKaro 
na nojibay Kjiy6a, npeAJioHŒjrb noHTHTb naM/iTb ero BcraBaHbeM'b. 

3aT^ML oii'b BbiacHHJi-b KpaHHe crfccHHTejibHoe MaTepiaJibHOo 
uo.'io>Koiiio HjjTHHCKaro (hxkJienm, îioHecuiaro ôojibiuie yôbiTKH 3a 
ABa noc.TfeAHie ro^a, h upeACTaBHJiL IIpaBJieiiiïo xOAaTaftCTBO 
llpaB.ieuin fljiTHHCKaro (hyi/kienin ofh* onasaHin eMy MaTepiajibHOË 

HOAAOP'/KKH. 

OpaBjieme Kjiyoa, vKejian iijhhth na noMOiijb iviaBHOMy Ot- 
A^ieniio Kjiyfia noc.n1; npoAOJi>KHTejibHaro coB'fcmamH p'feniHJio ynoji- 
HOMOHHTb MJieHa iipaBJienifl fl. A. TepHOBCKaro h r. r. CoKOJioBa h 
llpioMbiiiieBa o6cyAHTb cobm^ctho cb lIpaKjieHieMT> Hjithh. Ota1> 

JieHlfl M'IipM NpH irOMOJHH KOTOpMXI, B03MOKHO yJiyHLUHTb 110JI0- 

>KeHie A'IîJii» OTA'kJieHifl, a uarBM'b Bonpocb »toti> noABeprHyTb 
o6cy>KAeiiiio b-i» c.n r fcAyiomeM f b aadkAaHÎn no BHCJiyuiaHiH AOKjiaAa 
r. TepHOBCKaro. 

Tonapmiii' HpeACkAaTejiH Kjiyôa A. A. TpanaHH B036yAH;rc> 

BOIlpOCb O IiecfixOAHMOCTM IipioCTaHOBHTb BpeMeHHO paôOTbi no 

nocTpoHK'h Kjiytia ropHaro ytvfeHcmua na KpacHOH lïojiflH'k ao 

BbIHClieHiH BCfeX'b OÔCTOflTCJlbCTB'b tfTOrO JX±J\Si BT> ÔJIHTKaÔIlieM'b 3a- 

duaniH ITpaB;ioH'iH. IIpaBJieHie Kjiyôa. cornacHBinncb ct> 03HaneH- 
HbiMb MirfenieM-b, nocTaHOBHJio yBbAOMHTb o HeMi» 3aB r feAWBaK>maro 
nocTpoËKaMH apxHTeKTopa ByTKHHa. 



— 82 — 

4~aro m 24-aro Ma* c. r., no^t npeflCfcflaTe/ThCTBOMfc J"oBa- 
pwu{a 5Tpe£Ci>AaTe/tfl )^« A T? anaHM » cocto*/iuci> 3ac*AaHÛT 
JTpaB/ieHw K<tyBa, b* koTopwx* bw/im pa3CMorp*Hw c/t*fl. a*/ra: 

1. IlpH BTOpHMHOM'h OÔCy>KAeHiH BOlipOCa OÔIj cyôcHAin flji- 

thhck. OTjtfuiemio K-Jiyôa nocTaHOBJieHo: BbiAaTb mi* naccbi Kjiyôa 
03Ha i ieiinoMy OrAiMeHiio 3aHMOo6pa3HO 300 pyôji. 

2. Bi» BHfly KpaûHe HeÔJiaronpiflTHbix'b oôcTOHTeJibCTB'i» cio- 
>khbuihxch bt» nocjrfeAHie roAbi Ha KaBKaa'Ë mh pa6on> lia Kpac- 
Hofl nojiHHij, p'biueHo: upocHTb B-b nojyiejKameM-b nop/jwfe o upoA- 
.ic h in cpoKa j\jih 'sacrpoMu Kjiy6oM r b CBoero yqacraa na osHaqeHHofl 
KpacHofi nojiHH'fe Ha 3 roAa. 

3. IlocTaHOBJieHo: onaaaTb boumohchoc coA'feftcTBie yqcHunec- 
KHWb ^KCKypciHM'b Bï, KpbIM'b, ycTpaHBaeMbiM r j>: 

a) KaMCHeui» IIoAOJibCKHM r ]> 8-mh KJiaccH. TexiiimccKHM'b yqn- 
.iHineM-b: 

6.) KHIUHHeBCKHM'b 2-XT> KJiaCCH. FOpOACK. H{6HCKhM'b y«iH- 

jinm.eM'b; 

b.) HuMaHJibCKOK) My>KCKoiu numaaieio. 
r.) Ai-iaHbOBCKOio llikojiok) peMecJieHHbix r b yqeiiHKOB-b: 
A.) KapHeuicKHM'b 2-x-b-KJiaecH. y4HJiHiueM-b, h 
e.) CopoKCKOio }KeHCKOio rHMHa3ieio. 

4. MaôpaHH Bb A*ficTBHTe;ibHbie HJieHbi Kjiyfia: 

TépuieHeB-b, llexp-b AjieKcanApoBHH-b, 
J3,o6poBa, EjieHa J],MHTpieBHa, 
rajiauib, Hjiba JlynnoBHq'b, 
ApaôaA^H, HcHAop-b AjieKcaHApoBHq-b, 

Mep^JlHKOB'b, HHKOJiaH HHK0JiaeBH4'b, 

KapaflHOB-b, ITaBe;i r b XpHCTOi|)opoBHH , b, 
flaLuiceBHM'b, BaJiepiaHT, HBaHOBHTb, 
FojibAeHBeH3epx, Mapin CeMeHOBHa. 
HcaK0BH4i>, AHHa CaBtofijioBHa, 
^HAe^bMaH'b, AjieKcaHAP'b neTpoBnq-b. 



12 ceHTflBp* c r., no/p npeAO&flaTe/ïbCTBOM* )\. £. ÛBCHa, 
cocTOxnoch 3ac^A aH ^ JTpaB/ïeHiff fyiyBa. pfciueHH bh/w 

cic^A- A** a: 
1.) BacjiyiuaH-b AOKJiaA'b CçKpeTapa K^yôa oôt» yneHiree- 



— 83 — 

CKHx-fe iwcKypciHX'b bt> KpMMi>, coBepineHHbix'b bt> Teqeme atTa 
il pu coA'bficTBin Kjiyôa: 

TaiŒX'h 3KCKypciË ôhjio riflTb: 

a.) KaMeHem>-IloflOJibCKaro 8-mh KjiaccH. yHHJiuma, noAi* py- 
kohoactbomx AHp^KTopa yHHJiHuja, HJieHa Knyôa fl. F. BjiaAHMip- 
UOBa; 

6.) KHiiiHHeBCKaro 2-x r b KJiaccH. weHCK. ropoA- y^HJiHma, 
noAt pyKOBOACTBOM r b npenoAaBaTejieH h ^^eHOBt Kjiyôa-^aB'feAyK)- 
mcH y^iHJiHJueM'b E. il. 3,o6poBoft h H. Jl. rMJiaïua; 

b. ) AHaHbeBCKOft iiiKOJibr peMecjieHHbix r b yneHHKUBT», noAi> 

pVKOBOA^TBOM'b HHCneKTOpa 3TOH UIKOJlbi; 

r.) KopiieiiJCKaro 2-xx KJiaccH. yqnjmma, noA'b pyKOBOA- 
CTBOM-b :iaBl$AyK)iuaro yqjuinmeM'b qjieHa Kjiyôa A. H. Apa6aA>KH, h 

a) CopoKCKoiï w^eHCKofl rHMHa^iH, uojj^ pyKOBOACTBOnrb npeA- 
cbwvjiH eoB-fcTa 3toh rHMHaam, HjieHa Kjiyôa B. H. HauiKeBHqa. 

Bcfe ;^th 3KcnypciH, ocMOTp r feB r b (corjiac-HO MapujpyTaMi>, bu* 
paôoraHiibiM'b cobmIîctho c r b npaBJieHieMT> KjiyMa) Hanôojrfee HHTe- 
pecubiH AocTonpHM-fe i iaTejibHocTH OAeccw h KpHMa, 6-JiaroiiojiyHHO 
BodBpaTH.iHCb B r b MiscTa eBOHX'b OTnpaBJiemft. 

3KCKypcifl yHeHHKOB-b H3Ma«JibCKOË rHMHU3iH, opraHtraauieâ 
cBoeft Biio^H'fe 3aKOHqeHHafl, He cocToajiacb ôjiaroAapa ceBacronojib- 
ckhmi> coôbiTÎHM'b, npoHCiueAuiHii'b ki> caMOMy MOMemy BwfeaAa 3K- 
CKypCÎH 3TOH HSl» HaiiaHJia. 

npaBJieHie liocraHOBHJio: Bbipa3MTb orb HMeHH Kjiyôa ÔJia- 
roAapHocrb JiHuaMb h ynpe>KAeHiHM , b, btj tohhjih HHoft i^opM* 0Ka- 
aabiiiHMi» coji'hPiQTBie o^HaHeHHbiM-b 3KCKypciHM , b h chocoôctbo- 
BaBWHMi. MX'b ycnisxy. 

1.) yiipaBaM^: a.) OAeccKofi ropoACKOfi; 

f>.) CeBacTonoJibCKOfi FopoACKofi; 

B.) flTTHHCKOft ropOACKOfi; 

r.) Hjithh yteAHOH 3eMCKOfl. 

2.) ÛAeccKOMy OôiuecTBy HcropiH h flpeBHOCTeft; 

3.) OAeccKOMy BupweBOMy KoMHTeTy; 

4.) Hciiojihht. KoMMtfcciH no 3aB-feAWBaHiio OAecc. TopoA. 
rea'rpOM'b; 

5.) 4;ieHy Kjiyôa XpncTO(j)opy JÏMHTpieBHqy KypTHAfl; 

ti.) IIncneKTopy OAeccK. ToproBoft IUkoah riaBJiy Akhmo- 
BHHy IJ,HBiMepMaHy, h 

7.) L IJieHy CeBacTon. OTA*JieHifl Kjiyôa AjieKcfcio IocH(t>o- 



— 84 — 

BHMy MjifMapimy. 

2. JJojio^eiib oTBiiT-b HepHOMopcKO-Kyôan. yiipaBJieuiH 3eM- 
jieA'b^iifl h FocyAapcTB. HMymeeTBb lia xoAaTafiCTBo IIpaBJieHin o 
npoAJieHiH cpona jujih aacTpoûKH npio6p r bTeHiiaro KjiyôoMi» on 
Kaanbi yqacTKa na KpacHoii IlojiHH'fe. B'b oi'B'bT'fe :)TOMb cKa^ano, 

MTO CpOK'b JlJltl 3aCTpoflKH lipOAJieiI'b Ha OilHIfb l'OJl,!,. HocTaHOBJieHo: 

Bonpoe-b o aacTpofiK'fe 03HaqeïiHaro ynacTKa nepeflarb Ha paacMOT- 
p-fenie 6jin>Kafiniaro Oômaro CofipaHÎH Kjiyôa. 

3. VTBep^AeH'b B^aHMHbiâ oÔMiurb H3AaHi'flMH, npeA/ioîKCH- 
Hbift peAaKuieH TKypnajia „ypa;ibCKiH B'krrHHK'b". 

' 4. tljieH-b-coTpyAHHK-b OTTOMapi. OTTOMapoBnq-b raccejibôjiarï, 

corjiacHO ero 3aflB.neHiio «aHHCJien'b B'b A'McTBHTeJibHbie HJeHbi 
Kjiyôa. 



20 oKTHÔpa c. r., ncurb npe^ckAaTejibCTBOM-b B. JX. 
JlacKapena, cocTouiocb 3acfaaHie npaBJieimi KpwMCKo- 
KaBKaa. FopHaro I\jiyoa, b-b KOTopoMT* 6um\ ptuteHH 
cji^jl xkna: 

1. FTpe)KAe Bcero pa3CMOTpl3H r b 6bun> Boiipocb o HasHa^enin 
06m,aro Coôpanin Kjiyfta, iiocBfiinennaro naMATH iiUKOËuaro To- 
Bapnm,a NpeAcfeflaTejjH K.'iy6a iipot}>eccopa Ceprfea HBaHOBHHa 
HjjOBaHCKaro. 

BbiJio AO.fiOTKOHo, mto qjieHT* K;iy6a T. M. Thkthhi» Jiio6e3HO 
corjiacHJicfl cKasaTb p r fcqb ira btomt^ CoôpaHiH. BarfeMi, eAHHO- 
rjiacHo piîiiieHO BHecTH B-b 03HaMeHHoe Coôpanie npeAJio>KeHie oôt» 
yqpejKAeHÎH (J)oiiAa HMeHH rioKOËiiaro npo(})eccopa, npeACTaBHBi> 
Coôpamio onpeA'bJiHTb ciioco6td oôpaaoBaHia <})OHAa, a paBHO h 
iiasHanenie uocji'feAHflro. 

06ui.ee coôpaHie Ha3Ha4eH0 Ha 7 Honôpa. 

2. PaacMOTpIsua 6bi;ia uepeiiHCKa, OTHocflinancH ki> ynacray 
K/iyôa lia KpacHOft IIojiHH'fe. 

ynpaB.lHFOHlÎH AOMOM'b Mop030BOH Ha i)TOH IIojiflH-fe M. A. 

CaBejibOB-b h MJieti'b Kjiyfia apxHTGKTopb A. H. Byi'KHHi> B'b cbo- 
hxtj oxBlnax-b na saiipocu ITpaBjieHia AajiH n'feHHbia cBb'AiîHiH nairb 
B'b OTiioiueHin ycjiOBiô 3ac r rpoftKH aToro yqacTKa, Tarn» w Kaca- 
Tejibiio ôyAyiHHocTH Kpacn. IIojiHHbi Booôine. 

IIpaBJienie nocTaHOBHJio: Bbipa3HTb 03HaqeHHbiM , b Jinnaarb 
ôjiaroAapHOCTb sa nx r b BHHMame kt> -sanpocaMTb IIpaBJieHm, 



— 85 — 

S. HaôpaHbi bt> fl'feôCTBHTejibHwe qjieHBi Kjiyôa: 

1. CaBejibeBt, MHxaHMb AcfmHacbeBHH'b; 

2. TpanaHH, BjiaAHMipi> AjiencaHApoBH'rb; 

3. KoMapoBb, CoKparb HBaHOBnq-b h 

4. BycKOBH i n., HHKOJiaH HHKOJiaeBHHb. 

>k y p h a n ~b 

3ACtflAHIfl 

Oômaro Coôpam'fl KpbiMCKO-KaBKascKaro TopHaro K/iyôa, 

nocenwfiHnmo naMJwiv 

ToBapnma Ilpe^c^aTejiii Kjiyôa npo(|>eccopa 

Cepr^n f/na/fos/r/a 

JÏJioeaizckazo, 

7-ro HOHÔpa 1907 roaa. 

* 

1. IIo oTKpbiTÎH aaciiAaHÎH npeAcii^Tojib AOJio>KH;n> Cof>pa- 
hîk) o CMepTH qjieHOBi» Kjiyôa: lIoneTHWxi. hjicuob'i. h ToBapniiieft 
IlpeAcfeAaTCJifl C. H. RiOBaftcKaro h A. A. Tpanaiin, i jjiena IIpaB- 
Jionifl l\. A. TepuoBCKaro h OAiioro H3b CTapIifimuxi. qjieiiOBi. 
Kjiyfia T. T. Mapasjin. CofipaHie iiohth;io hxi, naMHTii BCTaBanieMi». 

'2. 3aTf>M r b npocJ)eccopi> B. J\. JlacnapeB-b npoue.ri,— AOKjiaA r i» 
UpaBJieHÎH o AliflTeJibHocTH C. H. HjiOBaftcKaro bt. KanecTBi) 
ToBapniua HpeAcfeAaTe^fl K;iy6a (HoKJiaA'b «Ton. uoMiuuein. bi. 
MM-ax'h 4—6 SariHCOK-b Kjiyôa, nocBfliueHHbixi, ero iiaMHTH. 

3. HjieHTj Kjiyôa T. H. Thkthh-l nponaiieci. p'bnb, bi> koto- 
poil BbiHCHHjn> Bbiconie npmmHnbi, Jie>Kaiuie bi> ociiobIi Bcofi >kh:v 
hh noKOflHaro npO(|)eccopa,— qacTiioft h ofiinecTBoniioft, k«iki» nejio- 
B'feKa, yneHaro h TypHCTa. 

4. IlpoqHTaHbi 6bijih TejierpaMMbi h nucbMa en BbipaweHieMi. 
coHyBCTBia no noBOAy CMepTH C. H. HjiOBaftcKaro (cm. bi« rLxi> 
4—0 .NïJVs-ax-b 3an. Kjiyfia). 

.">. IIpaBJieHie Buecjio npeajioHfenie o iieo6xoAHMocTH rbMi, 
hjir HiiHM-b cnocoôoM-b yB'feKOB'feHHTb nawflTb Taitoro pli^Karo Ocv.i- 
KopwcTHaro jxknTeJin lia nojibay Knyôa, KaitHM'i. Cmm* C. H. Hjio- 
BaftcKifl. CoôpaHie eAHHorjiacHo nocTanoBH^o: 



— M - 

aB^ bhay oco6eHHbix r b, BH^aiomHxcfl 3acjiyn>. oKasaHribixi 
Kjiyôy noKoâHbiM-b ToBapnmeM-b IIpeAC^Aaie^H npo^eccopoMi» 
CeprfeeMT> HBanoBHqeM'b HjioBaficKHM'b, yB'fcKOB'feqHTb naMHTb ero 
yqpejKAenieM'b 4>OHAa ero HMeHH jijih coopyHceHia AOMa rocTHimubi 
(ero->Ke HMeHH) Ha KpacHOft nojiBH'fc,— o nem^ h yB-feAOMHTb BcvhxT» 
HJieHOB'b KjiyÔa h IIpaBJieHiH Bcfex-b OTA'bJieHift ero". 

Bt> sajrfe, ta* npoHcxoAHJio uto aacfeAaHie, 6bun> noM'femeH'b 
HopTperb noKO&Haro npo(j)eccopu, yKpauieHHBiô nBlsTaMH h <f)Jia- 
raMH Kjiyôa, nepeBHTHMH Kpenourb. Co6pame oTJiH^ajiocb ocoôeH- 
HbiMT> MHoroJHOACTBOM'b. — bij JiHirfe qjierioB'b Kjiy6a, qjieHOB'b cot- 
pyAHHKOB'b ero h rocTeft, ripHiueAUiHX'b noHTHTb naMHTb DOKoôHaro... 

Toro-rae HHCJia cocroHJiocb 3acfeAaHie IlpaBJieHifl K,iy6a, bt* 
kotopomi» ôwjio nocTaHOBJieHO o Ha3HaqeHin Ha 12-oe AeKaôpn 
c. r. OqepeAHaro CoôpariH Kjiyôa ruh BiacJiyiijaHijr. 1) juokjislrbl 
IIpaBJieHiH o noKOftHOM r b ToBapHm-fe npeAcfeAaTe^fl A. A. TpanaHH 
h 2) cooÔLueHin ^JieHa K-nyôa K. O. JIucaKOBCKaro Ha TeMy: 
»3KcneAHuifl repéra AôpyuuKaro bt> ropw PyBeHixopn (LJenTpajib- 
Haa A({)pHKa a . Bt> TOMi>->Ke sacfeAamH HBam* IlaBJioBHm» Bpac- 
jiaBCKift KsôpaHi» btb A'feftcTBHTejibHbie qjieHbi K.ay6a. 

i2 .AeKaôpa c. r. cocroHJiocb no;rb npe^cfeiiaTejib- 
ctbomt> qjieHa IIpaBJieHiH B. J\. JlacKapeBa, cocroHJiocb 
3ac4jiaHie IIpaBJieHiH Kjiyôa, bt> KOTopcm-b 6ujiii pa3- 
CMOTp-feHbi cji-fejx. ii-fejia: 

1. YTBepjKAeH'b BaaHMHbiË oôm^hi» H3AaniHMH, npeAJioJKCH- 
Hbift peAaKai«MH >nypHajiOBT> „TpyAH BojibHO-3KOHOMHHecKaro 06- 
mecTBa h 3anncKH EnaTepHHOcjiaBCKaro OTA*Jienifl PyccKaro Te- 
XHHqecKaro 06mecTBa.» 

2. IIoCTaHOBJieHO: npeflJIOHÏHTb B3aHMHblft OÔM^H-b H3AaHÎflMH 

ch 1908 roAa PeAaKijiH >KHpHajia: «ITo^aAKH 3a-rpaHHH,y»», TaKi> 
Kani 3TOTT» HîypHaJi'b, cyAfl no toû Hacra cBoeft nporpaMMbi, ko- 
TopaH oô'femaeT'b AaTb pyKOBOAflmia CTaTbH no Bonpocy o6t> bk- 
CKypciflx r b, ôyAeT'b nojie3HbiM-b MaTepbHJioM r b ajih ÔHÔJiioTeKH 
Kjiy6a, 

3. P'feuieHO co3BaTb Ha lt> c. AeK. sackAamn IIpaBJieHiH Kjiy- 
6a ajih noAroTOBHTejibHbix-b pa6orb no ycTpoficTBy ceMeftnaro Be- 
nepa, AaBaeMaro oneroAHo KjiyôoMi, nyAa npnrjiaeHTb h HjieHOBt 
Kjiyôa, Morymax'b 6wTb nojie3HHMH nm o3HaneHHoa ivfe;ra. 



- 8? -■ 

4. PÏsôpaHbi: 

a) bi> A'feâçTBHTejibHwe qjieHM Kjiyôa. 

HHrjinHKT>, rycTaBT> AjieKcaHApoBHq-bf 
6) B-b qjienhi coTpy^HFiKH Kjiyôa: 

KnpHqeHKO, AjieKcaHApT> HHKOjiaeBMqi,; 
BacHJibeB^, IleTp-t HnKOjiaeBHqb; 
Coko^obt», Bacnjiift HBaHOBHq-b; 
KoBuiapoBt, BajiepbHHT^ BjiaAHMipoBnqb; 
#eH6cKifl, Ceprfefi MnxaHJioBHMT, h 

Bop3HKOBl,, BjiaAHMÎp-b AjieKCaHApOBHqi. 



Toro >kc qncjia coctohjiocl Oiepczuioc Coopame 
Kjiyoa. IIpeAC*h^aTejihCTHOBajn> mjich'l IIpaBJieniH B. Jl. 
JlacKapeB-b. 

1. Ilo oTKpbiTJH 3SLC±n,SLHiH cenpeTapb ftnyfia A. K. Ajiokcfc- 
eB-b npoqejrb AOKJiaA'b rTpaBJieHÎH Kjiyfia o /vbuTejiMiocTH iiokoA- 
Haro lIoqeTHaro qjiena, ToBapHma IlpeAf'lViaTejiH AjiciccJm Ajien- 
caHApoBHqa Tpanann (AOKJiaA'b 3toti» fiyAOTi. noMlim.en'b B-b JV^V» 
7-9. 3aiiMCOKi> Iwiyôa.) 

2. SarfeMij qjietrb K/iyfîa K. O. JucaKObcicift CA'feJiaJii» noA- 
pofmoe ioo6iqeHie ofn> aKcneAHiiin repuora AfipyniUîaro BOBiiyTpb 
Ai|)pHKH AJiH AonojiHHTeJibHbix-b HacjrfcAOBanm mvio em,e n:*yqen- 
Hbixb ropii PyBeHUopn, npHqewb cooôuienie cuoe AfcWoncTpnpo- 
Bajib pucyHKaMH H3*b >KypHajia, yacHHH Mapiupyri. aKcneAHuin, 
iiafifiojrfee 3aM-feqaTe^bHHH irbcTa m npoq. 

3. rtpeacfeAaTejib AOJicttKHJi'b Coôpaniio upoA^io;KHHie (j)paH- 
nyacKaro AjibnifieKaro K;iy6a npmiHTh yqacrie bt. ycrpaHBaeMOMb 
HM'b KOHKypcfe 6-fera na Jibiraax-b,— BHA'b cnopTa, ri. rbBepa Bce 
Aaji'bo h Aftjrbe Ha ion» nepeCupaiomiftca, aaBoeiiUBafl CHMiiaTiH 
oOmecTBa, KaK-b BecbMa nojie3Hoe h npia-nioc paaBJieqeHie h Bpe- 
mh- npunpoBOKAeHie. 

Bt, zaji± fiturb BbicTaBJieirb nopTpori. A. A. Tpanaiin, yK- 
paujeHHHfl UBiiTaMH h (j>;iaraMH Kjiyfia. 



ss «iQQ^ 



— 88 — 

SacbaaiiiH rfpaBJiemH KpbiMCKO-KaBKaacKaro PopHaro Kayôa 
16 h 23 Aenaôpfl c. r. ômjih nocBHmeHH npeABapHTejibHHMb 06- 
cyjKAeHiflM-b h paôcmM-b no ycTpoficTBy oôbnHaro .Ceftoefinaro Be- 
nepa", AaBaeMaro Kjiy6oMi>, npimearb o6pa30BaHa kommhccîh, koto- 
poft Bceirfejio npenopyneHO sto a^o: 1. Coe/raBb kommhcc'ih: E. C. 
HjioBaftCKafi; kh. A. n. Tpy6eu,KOH; HOTapiyci» A. T. Haupomcifi; 
AOKTop't B. A. flpoÔHNfi; E. <ï>. AlojmaHOB i>; A. A. TpaiiaHH h A. 
K. AjftKC r keB r b. OTB'kTCTBeHHue pacnopflAHTeJiM Boqepa: A. A. Tpa- 
naHH, A. 1\ HaBponKitt h B. A. ^pofiHhifi. 



Bt^ TeneHie Mapra 1907 r. bt> ÔHÔjiio'reKy 
KpbiMCKo-KaBKa3CKaro FopHaro Kjiyôa noeTynH- 
jih Cjii^Ayïomie KHHrw h >KypHajibi: 

A. OTe^iecTBeHHbie. 

1. HaB'fecTifl PyccKaro FeorpacfwqecKaro OômecTBa. XLII 
1906. BunycKH II. III, 

2. 3anncKH OômecTBa CejibCKaro XosflfîcTBa IOwHofî Poc- 
cia. 1906 r. JV« 12. 

3. HaB-fecTiH KaBKa3CKaro Mysea. 1905. ToMb II, Bbin. 2 — 4. 

4. ABTOMOÔHJIb. 1907. JVjo 4 h 5. 

5. flBHraTejib. 1907. M 4 n 5. 

6. H3Bl5CTiH TeojiorHqecKaro KoMMTeTa. 1905 r. JV>.M» 6, 7, 
8, 9, h 10, (nocjrkAHiË). 

7. 3anMCKn EKaTepHHocjiaBCKaro OTAlJJieHiH PyccKaro Tex- 
HH^ecKaro OômecTBa. 1907. MM 1-2. 

8. B. PHimacrb: s OcHOBaHie bt, HepHOMopcKofi ryGepHin ro- 
poAa PoMaHOBcna h sacejieiiie KaBKa3CKaro no6epe>Kb/i HepHaro 
Mopfl u . 

9. 3anncKH PyccKaro TexHHqecnaro Of>mecTBa. 1907. M 3 
i0. H:3Bf>CTifl MocKOBCKaro CejibCKoxo3HHCTBPHiiaro HucTHryTa. 

Poat> XII. KHHra 4-aa. 1906. 



<^s^ 



*- 89 — 

B). HHOCTpaHHbie. 

1. Revue Alpine. 1007 MM 3-4. 

2. La Montagne (Revue Mensuelle du Club Alpin Fran- 
çais) 1907 JfêAs 2.-:]. 

3. Mitteilungen de;* Deutschen uud Ôsterrcichischen Alpen- 
v e re i 1 1 s . 11)07- JSà 5.-4. 

4. Alpina (Bulletin du €Inb Alpin Suisse). 1907 MM 4.5. 

5. Ûsterreiclrische Alpenzeitung. 1907 js&M 734 — 735. 
<>. BojirapcKH TypHcrb 1900. Epofi. 10. 

7. Erdély XVI évfolyam. 1—2 szam. 1907. 

8. Bulletin de la Société de idéographie Commersciale de. 
Bordeaux. 1907. As 3. 

9. lïivist» Mensile del Club Alpino Jtâïiano. 1907 JNft 2. 

10. Alpi Giulie. 1907 As 2 

11. Planinski Vestnik. 1007. As 3. 

12. Bulletin Pyrénéen. M <>1. 

13. Bulletin oi'the American geograpbical Society 1907 M 2. 

14. MitteiluiKjen des Nordbômihschen Excursions. Klubs. 
30. lahgamj. Krstes Heft. 

15 v Jahresberiht der Kql. Ungurischen Geologisclien Ans- 
tait jùr 1905.' 

11». Revue des Alpes Dauphinoises. 1907 A» 9. 

17. Sicula. 190tf. As (>. 

18. Bulletin de la Société Uongroise de çéomapfie. Tome 
XXXV. II. Fascicule. 

19. Revista Portuqucza. M 114. 

20. 1/ Kclio des Alpes. 1907. As 3. 
21- Journal de Zennatl. 1907. M 19. 



Br> TcneHic anp-fcjiH, Ma*i n iiomi 1907 r. in> ôii&iioTe- 
Ky Kpi>iMCKo-I\aBKa3CKaro TopHaro K.ny6a iioctyiiiuih 
cji'b^yiomic KHiiru n >KypHajn>T: 

À. OTenecTBeHHBie: 

1. lteBljcrifl KaBKa3cnaro OTA'fe.ia PyccKaro reorpacJwHecKa- 
ro OOmecTBa, 1905—1906, M 4, 1907 M 1. 

2. flBHraTeJib, 1907 r. As <>,— 7 ,— 8 — 9. 

3. HaB'bcTifl EKaTepHUoc/iaBcnaro Bucuiaro Fopuaro yqHjin 
ma, 3a 1907 r. Bunycin. I. 



. — 90 — 

4. HepHOMopcKoe Cejibcnoe Xo3flftCTBo (OpratiT* CyxyMCKard 
OômecTBa CeJibCKaro Xo3HHCTBa). 1906. J* J\jo 11—12.; 1907 M 
1—2; 3-4. 

- 5. P-fenb h oT^erb, HHTaHHwe, bt> roAHHHOifb Coôpamw 
MocKOBCKaro CejibCKOxosHficTBeHHaro HHCTHTyTa. 26 ceHT. 1906 r. 

6. ABTOMOÔHJib. 1907. X* 7; 9; 10. 

7. 3anncKH PyccKaro TexHHnecKaro OômecTBa. 1907 r. M 
4—5 

8. EmeroAHHK r b no Feo;ioriH h MHHepajiorin Pocciw. Tomt* 
IX, BUn. 3. 

9 3anncKR OômecTBa CeJibCKaro XoaflflcTBa io?Kiioft Porcin 
1907 NkM 1—2; 3— 4. 

10 Bulletin de la Société Impériale Naturalistes <le Mos- 
coru. 1905 Ni 4. 1906. MM 1—2. 

11. IIpo(|). P. A. IIpeHAejib: „JIeKiÛH no ofmieaiy icypcy 
onucaTejibHOË MHHepa;ioriH. a 

12. 3anncKH ÛAoecKaro OrA'fcJieHiH Pyccnaro TéxnnHecKaro 
OGmecTHa. 1907. M 1—2. 

13. MaTepiajiu Kb nosHamio tpayiibi n c[)Jiopw PoccincKoi 
HMnepia. OrRbji'b aoojionmecKifi. Bbinyciu. VU. 

14. 3anHCKH EKaTepHHocjiaBCKaro OTA'bJienm PyccKaro Tex- 
HHMecKaro OômecTBa. 1907 N>M 3 — 4. 

15. TpyAw BaKHHCKaro OTA'fcJieHbi PyccKaro TexmmecKaro 
06mecTBa. 1907 JVfè 3. 

16. HHTHHCKoe OïA'bJieHÎe fipHUMypcKaro OTA'feJia Pyccnaro 
Peorpa4>H4ecKaro OômecTBa. KwnycK'b VIII. 1907 r. 

T. CryKOB'b: „OiepKb (Jjjiopu uocroqHaro 3a6afiKajibH". 

17. Un. BarauieBi»: «MmiepajiMibie hctohhhkh SafiaflKaJibH». 



6) HHOCTpaHHbie: 

1. Rollettino (Societa Geografïca Italiana). 1907 J\« 4— 5— 6. 

2. Bollettino délia Società Afrîcana <P Italia. Periodipo 
mensile. Sommario. 1907. JMsJé 1 — 2. 



-- 91 -* 

3. Boletin fie la Real Socidad geogr&fica: a) sumario. Tomo 
XLTX. Primer — Secundo trimestre de 1907, 6.) Revîsta de 
Geugrafia colonial y morcantil. Tomo IV. JV& 3, — 4 — 5. 

4. Bulletin of the American Geograpliical Society 1907. 
M 3.-4.-5 —6. 

5. Buttleti del Centre Kxcursionista de la Comarca de Ba- 
gos. 1907. M 8. 

fi. E-bjirapcKH TypHcri». 1907. Bpofi 1. — 2.-3. 

7. Buttleti del Centre Excurs onista de Cataluuya JNsXa 
144—145. 

8 U. 8 National Muséum. Animal Report of tle Smithso 
nian Institution. 1905, 190C>. 

9. Alpina ( Bulletin du Club Alpin Suisse). 1907. M fi. -7. 
S"— 9— 10. 

10. Mitteilungen des Deutschen und Osterrcichische Alpen- 
voreins 1907. JV» 7—8—9—10. 

11. X. Jahres bericht der Geographischen Gesellschait zu 
Greifswald 1905—1906. 

12. Osterreichische Alpenzeitung. M 73C— 737— 738— 739 
—740. 

13. Journal de Zermatt. 1907. .40 20.— 21.— 22. 

14. SocicUè de Géographie Commerciale du Havre. 2-e 
riin. 1906. 

15. Register of the Appalachian Monntain Cluslor 1907 

16. Rivista Mensile du Club Alpino Italiano. 1907 M 3— 
4.-5. 

17. Bulletin de la Société Neuchateloise de Géographie. 
Tome XVn. 1906. 

18. Bulletin de la Société de Géographie Commerciale de. 
Bordeaux. 1907. j\s 4. 

19. Planinski Vestnik. 1907 M JNfe 4.— 5— fi. 

20. Revista Portugueza. M 115-116. 

21. L c Kcho des Alpes. 1907. 4—5. 

22. Bulletin de la Société Hongroise de Géographie. Tome 
XXXV. III— IV Fascicule. 



- 92 —• 

23. Appalachia. Index do Volume I to X (1876— 1904J. 

24. La Montagne (Club Alpin Français). 1907. MN> 4.— 
5— fi. 

25. Bollettino dell c Alpinista. 1907 M 5. 
20. Bulletin Pyrénéen. Nî 62. 

27. Revue des Alpes Dauphinoises. 1906 MN> 10—11. 
; 28. Erdély. 1907. XVI évfolyam 3—4 szam. 

29. 90. Iahresbericht der Naturforschendeu Gesellschaft in 
Emden. 1904—1905. 

30. Mitteilungen ausdem Jarhbuche der Konigl. Ungarisc- 
hen Geologischen Anstalt. XV Band. 4 Heft. 

31. AlpiGiulie. 1907. Jft 3. 

32. Alpine Journal- Jtë 176. 

33. Touristfôreuingens; Pinland Arsbok. 1907. 

34. Bolctin de la Sociedad National de Âgricullura. 190J 
MM 13—14. 

35. Anales del Museo National de Buenos — Aires. Serif* III 
Tomo VI; VIII. 

36. Revue Alpine- 1907. JSJ° fj. 

37. Mitteilungen des v<-reins iïir Erdkunde zu Dresdt-n. 
Heft. 5. 



Bi> TeneHie îiojih, aBrycTa h ceHTflôp.fl 1907 r. 
bt> ÔHôjiioTeKy KpbiMCKo-KaBKa3CKaro FopHaro 
Kjiyôa nocTynnjiH cjrfeAyioinie KHHrw m >KypHajibi. 

A. OTenecTBeHHbie: 

1. HgB'fecria MocsoBCRaro CejfcCKoXoaflficiBeaHaro Hhctb- 
TyTa. 1907 r. KHiira 1-aa. 

2. 3anacKH PyecKaro TexHH^ecBaro OômecTBa 1907 r. M 6. 

3. 3aiiHCKH ERaTepaHOCJaBCKaro OTA^jeai» PyccKaro 
TexHHqecKaro GômecTBa 1907 MM 7, 8. 

4. ^BHraTejb. 1907 MM 11, 13, 14, 1% 16, h 17. 

5. Abtomoôhji, 1907 MM 11, 14, 15, 16. 

6. IIpo*. A. SaftiieB'B: cIIota^Ra na Aft-IIeTpH h npeôu- 
BBHie Ha deHAHBiojrb». 



— 93 — 

7. ^epHOMopcKOe Cextciioe XobhÉèctbo 1907 M 7. 

8. KnBKaacKiil OTA*jn» PyccKaro Feorpa*. OômeoTB*: 

a) 3anHCKH:-KHHjKKa XXVI, nunycKH 1, 2, 3-i8. 
6) H3B*CTiii: Ton* XIX, M 2. 

9. 3aane.KH Oômecrsa CeJbCKaro Xo3H8cTBa lOacBoii Poe- 
cîh. 1907 r. MM 5—6. 

10. ypajibCKitt TexHaK-B. 1907 r. M 2. 

11. AjTaflcirift CôopHHK-B. Tomu VI h VII. 

12. 3anHCBH HoBopoc. OÔmecrBa EcTecTBOHcnbrraTe.ae&. 
Tomt> XXX. 

13. 3aoHCKH ypajbCKarj OômecTBa JIioÔHTeJiefi Ectçctbo- 
3naHifl. T. XXVI c* 42 KapTaMH h 1 tbôji. pHCyaKoBT». 

B. HHOCTpaHHBie. 

1. Revista Portugucza. 1907. MN> 117, 118, 119,120. 

2. Bollettiuo (Società geograiîca Italiana) 1907 JtëJV? 7, 8, 
9, 10. 

3. Boletin de la Real Sociedad geografica. Revista de gtr- 
ografia colonialy mercaniil. Tomo IV. M 6. Tomo V MM 7,9 

4. Den Norske Tourist forenings Aarbog for 1907. 

5. L' Écho des Alpes. 1907. JV? 7, 8, 9. 

6. Bulletin Pyrénéen. 1907. M 63. 64. 

7. Bulletin de la Société Hongroise de géographie T. 
XXXV. Fasc. V— VL 

8. Sicula. 1907. M 1—3. 

9. Iournal de Zermatt. 1907. JN&JN& 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 14, 
15, 16. 

10. Mollusques de l l Isla del Coco (Museo National de 
Costa Rica). 

11. Revue des Alpes Dauphinoises. 1906. JtëJé 12— 13, 1907 
MM 1—2-3. 

12. Mitteiluugen des Nordbohschen Excuscions Klub. 2 — 3 
Heft. 30 Iahrgang. 

13. Mitteilungen des Deutschen und Osterreichiscben Al- 
pevereins. 1907 Jtë 12, 14, 16, 17, 18. 



— 94 — . 

14. Ostlerreiehische Alpenzeitung. MM 741, 743, 744, 
745-747. 

15. Revue Alpine. 1907 MM 7, 8, 9. 

16. Alpiua (Bulletin du Club Alpin Suisse). 1907. MM 11 
14, 15, l'>, 17. 

17. Bolletiu deir Alpiuista. 1007. JNs 6. 

18. Bulletin of fhe American geografical Society, 1907 MM 
7, 8, 9. 

: -. 19. Société de. géographie Commerciale du Havre. Bulletin. 
3 et 4 Trimestre 1906, 1-er Trim. 1907. 

20. Rivista Mensile del Club Alpino Italiano 1907 M JV& 
6—7. 

21. Butlleti del Centre Excursîonista de Catalunya. 1907 
MM 147—148. 

22. La Montagne (Mensuelle Club Alpin Français) 1907 M 
7, 8, 9. 

23. Planinski Vestnik. 1907 Ni 7, 8, 9. 

24. Butlleti del Centre Excursionista de la Comarca de 
Bages. 1907 JSfc 11—12. 

25. BoJlettino délia Società Africaua d* Italia. Sommario. 
Anno XXVI. Fasc. IV, V, Vil. 1907. 

26. Erdély. XVI evf. 5-6, 7, 8. szam. 1907. 

27. Bulletin de la Marifhienne. Fasc. XXXIV 1905 -'906. 

28. Bulletin de la Société sciences uaturales de Tarare. 
1907 MM 1—4. 

29. Boletin de la Real. Sociedad geografica. Sutnario To- 
rao XLIX. 

30. Iahres. Bericht der Naturforscheuden çeseilachaft çrau- 
bundens. XLIX. Band. 1906/07. 

31. Alpi giulie. 1907 M 4. 

32. United States geological Survcy: 

a) Monograch: L, f>0, 51, 55, 

b) Professioual Paper: 46. 51, 52 54. 

c) Bulletin: 275, 277, 278, 280 to 282 288. 291; 283, 
to 285, 289,' 290, 292, 293, 298, 301, 27 9, 28k] 
297, 303, 305, 306, 307. 310. 

d) Minerai Resources: 1905. 



— 95 — 

c) W;,ter Supply: 155, 158, 156, 163, 170, 173, 176, 
178, 159, 160, 162, 164, 172, 174, 176, 177, 179, 
180, 181, L88, 161, 184, 185, 182, 183, 187, 188, 189. 

33. Bulletiu de la Société d* Etudes des Hautes Alpes. 
MM 20, 21, 22. 

34. Bulletiu de la Société Rojalc de géographie d' Anves. 
Tome XXX. 

35. Bulletin de la Société Ramoud (Explorations Pyrénéeu- 
iirs). 1906 MM 1—2, 3—4. 

30. Uniou géographique du Nord de la France. Tome 
XXXII, 3 trimest. Tome XXXIII 4 trim., Tome XXXIV, 1-4 
trim. T. XXXV, 1 trim. 

37. Proceediugs of the National Sciences of Philadelphia. 
Volume UX, part. 1, Volume LVIII, part II— III. 

38. Rendiconto delT Accademia délie scieuce fisiche e nia- 
lematiche. 1906 MM 5-12, 1907 MM 1—2. 

39. Rivista Italiana di science naturali 1906 MM 3—12. 
1907 MM 1—4. 

40. Bollettiuo del Naturalista. 1900 J\M£3-12, 1907 MM 
1—4. 

41. Molisch H. Lumiuosity iu plants. 

42. Ileatley. The developuient of Rhodesia and its Railway 
System in relation t> ocjoiiie highw»ys. 

43. Jjungliusbaiid b\ Géographie» result8 of the Tibet 
Mission. 

44. lohnston H. Libéria. 

45. Wiscousin geological and Naturil Hiestory survey. 
Bulletin M 'XV 1900. 

46. Appalachia. Vol. XI M IU. 

47. Alpine Journal M 177. 

48. Bulletin de la Société de géographie Commerciale de 
Bordeaux. 1907 JNê 9. 

43. Sveiiska Toiiristfnreningetis Arsskrift, 1907 
50. Goteborg Idrutts Forbunds Arsskrift 1907. 



* « * •M"-^ * ^. 1 / *- 



TH-ft rofl-B ns^aHifl 
OmHpbimh npieMh nodnucnu ho 1908 eod* Ha mypnaa'b: 

3AnMCKM 

EKaTepBHOcjiaBCKaro OTjttJieHifl 
II M II E P A T F C K A r 

Pyocnaro TexHHHBCHaro OdiUBcrsa. 

BwxoAflT-b on> 6 ao 12 pa3i> bt> rofl-b. 

nPOrPAMMA. 1) OTtfe/ra o fttflTejTLHOCTH 06m,ecTBa; 2) 
CTaTBH Hay^HO-TexHHqecKaro co,a,ep»aHia; 
3) o63opH-TexHfl^ecKofi JiHTepaTypH h 
6H6jriorpa(l)ia; 4) oôMBjrema. 

CTaTbH, noM'bmaeiiufl bi> xypnejifc, pacnpea.tJHiOTCfl, nnRHUMt 

oôpaaoMt, ues^y ci*AyK>mHMM OT/i/fcJaMH: MeTajuiypruqecBHM'B, 

aejtaeofl.opoafHbiM'B, ManiHHOCTpoHTeJbHbiM'B h rofHbiMT». 

Bb aypHajrB npMuHMaiOTi» yqacrie npcxfeceopa h openo^apaTejH yMef.Hiix'b 

8aB6Aeuiit, npeACTaBHTeiH uej'feaHuxT, flopOn», *eTaJiJiypriiqei*<RHxi> aaKojjoBt, 

Konefi h Apyr. npouuniJieflBux'b npeflUpiHTlfi, a TaRse npoBHTejibCTBeHHUXT. 

H oômccTBeHHMxT» y^peasACHifi. 

na ro^ ct> ^ocTaBKoft h nepecuoiKofi— 6 pytf. un V2 roAa — 3 p. 25 k. 
OrAfeJibBaff RHHSRa — 1 py6. ysamniicfl cb 3tbxi> ufeHt — cgHAaa 

BT> 25%. 

06i>flBjieHia npHHHMaioTCH 110 CJiiAywiuefi ivkni: 

BDcpeAn TCRCTa: 1 cTpaaaiia — sa toat» 125 py6. 3a 1 / 1 ro/ja — 75 p. 

7 2 GTpoHimu — 75 • • • . — 50 • v 

II088AH TescTa: 1 cTpaHHija — sa roit 60 • • • • — 35 • 3a 1 pae-b 2U p. 
V, cTpaHBaM— • 35 • • • • —2o . • 1 . —10 p. 

OôtHBJieHig na oGjojkr* — Ba 25% ffopoae. 
OÔM'bBHUfl o6i>flBJieHifl Apyr. HtypBajOB'B h ra3eTb npBHHHaiOTCH 
no B3aHMH0Mj coriamemio.— 3a pa3CbuiBy oôrbfiBJifHifi npn wyp- 
Bai* B3UMaerca no 10 pyôjefi 3a Basque 500 9K3eMnjiflpoBTb 

B'BCOM'B B'B 1 JOTT». 
CHMA«a AJIfl KHMWHblX^ MaraSMHOBl, M ROMMHCiOHHUX'b KOHTOpV CB 

KajKAaro roAOForo dBsenfnjjipa sypsajia — 1 pytfjfe; ce KaacA&ro 

roAOBoro oô'BHBJieBifl— 25%. 

HojBwft 9K3eMDJflp'b mypHajra 3a npestBie toau npOAaeTCfl h 

uocujaeTca no cJifcAyiomeit nfisA: 1902 r. — 1 pyÔJifc; 1903, 1904, 

1905, 1906, h 1907 r.— no 5 pyôie». 



/ 



BULLETIN 

du Club Alpin de Crimée 

et du Caucase. 




HpbiMCKO- HaBKa3CKaro 
TopHaro Kiiyôa 



OflECCA 

1909. 



4-iï BbinycK*. 



OflECCA. 
Tiin. .1. Hume, yji. KoHjiptiTeKKO, (6biaui rioJtMu.) Jfe 30. 






cqA€P)km:j€. 



CTpaH. 

17. IJonoeh. HoBbm nemepbi MaTbipaara 219 — 231 

SKCKypcia bt> KpbiMT> yneHHirb 232—233 

AjibnificKaa xpOHHKa 234 

Ocj><})HuiajifeHaH qacrb 236 — 243 

06-bHBJiemH 244—248 



<& 



HoBbifl nemepbi SaibipAara- 



Cxa^aKTHTOBbïH nemepw oânsaim cbohmi» npoMCxoHCAe- 
HieM-b cnocofiHOCTH arMoct|)epHOH boau, coAepaamei'! e-b ceôt 
yro^bHuft annupHA'b CO^ KOTopyw mm oÔHKHOBeHHO Henpa- 
BH^bHo HaaHBaeM-b yr^eKHCJioTOH, pacxBopHTb yrjieKKCJibiH co^h. 

B'b BÛ3Ayxt, XOTH H BT> OieHb HM t ÎTOiKHOM'b KO/IHqCCTB'k , ) ï 

Bcer^a HaxOAHxCH bt* cboôoahomtï cocxosmin yroJïbHWM mm* 
ApjfA'b. ,Ho>K£eBbia Kan-iH, npoxoAfl ^epea-b BosAyx'b, norjioma- 
lOT-b 9T0T-b raa-b. BbinaB*b na noBepxHocib 3eiw^H t bom nonno- 
maeTi* h Apyrie ra3w f BbiA'fejifleMbie pa3JiHHHHMH BeuiecxBaMH 

p^XTHTe^bHa^O H KHBOXHarO npGHCXQJKAeHm, HaXGAHIUHMHCH bi> 

CTa^iJî paa^ojFCHifl. Hama noqsa, oco6eHHo caMHfc Bepxnm en 
cjioPit no BMpaiKeHiKj K^Hra ^KHoiaT-b* opraHM^eCKOH mchshbïû, 

norJlOTHB-b 3TH rE3bl, TJiaBHblM'b 06pa30M1> yniCKHOiOXy, 

BO^a npiodp-feTaerb cnocoônocTb paexBOpflxb yivieKHCJïbJîï cojth» 
Mapxejib 2 ) t (JïpaHuyacKiH reojior'b, b*b csoeM'b coiHHemH; *Le$ 
Hevennes* roBopHX't, 4X0 Jim paciBopenin oahoh qacxn yrjîe- 
khcjïoû HSBecTH HyjKHO 50,000 lacTeH 4HCT0M BOAbi; boam ace» 
ÔoratOH yoeKHc^oTofi, AocxaxcmHG Jim xofi >Ke u'b^H oii* ïJOO 
ao 3,000 qacxeft. 

Ec/ih xaKaH boas, npoca^MBaHCb cKB03b nOMsy, BcxptxHXT> 
c^oh yrjieKHCnofî hsbccxh hjih Apyroiï KaKûfi-mf6yAb ynieKH- 
cjioh cojiM, xo HeMeAJieHHO HaHHHaeTCH npoueccb pacxso peina 
noc^i'feAHeH, Koxopasi §i ywocHTCH boaoh bt^ mi>Ke;ie>Kaiuie cjîoh 
hjih noAseMHbie kjikjmh. 

Ecjih boah npocaqHBaexca c/iHuiKOM*b mhofo, qro Bceraa 

B03MO>KHO flOCJrfe npOAÛ^HTeJlbHHX'b AOMCAeïi HJIH TaflHJH Cirfe- 

ra secHoâ, ocoôeimo si* x%xt> M'bcTax*b 1 fa^ H3Beexb 3ajieraeT'b 
Her^yôOKû, a oioh nonau naA*b Heâ AOCTaxo^HO npoHnuaeM'b, 
npoacxoAHX'b, KpOM-b pacxBopeHifl h cMusaHie HaBeera, ôjiaro- 
Aapa MexaHH^iecKOMy AtficxBiio boaw* Bi> axoMt oy^at H3- 



*) 0,040. 

*) „Les Sevennes et la région des causse*". E* A. Martel 1891. 



BÊCTB yHOCHTCH BOAOll HC TOJÏbKO HT» paCTBOpeHHOMl,, HO H BO 
B3BtmeHH0M'b COCTOflHilf. 

06pa30B3Hie no^eMHHx-b nycTorb, mjih nemep'b, STHwb 
3naHHTejibH0 ycKopHeTCfl. Heor^a ara paôora boah ajihtch Bt- 
KaMH, nOKa, HaKOHem», bch miomaAb cojieii, pacrBopeHHbix'b 
hjih pasMHThjx-b hc ôyAeT-b BbiHecena boaoh. Hacro c;iy4aeTca» 
mto HaHÔoji-fee TOHKÎft cjioh 3eiw,in Ha^i. neiuepOH npoBajiHBaeT- 
ch h odHapyacHBaerb cymecTBO&aïrie nemepbi ? a xaoce cayiKHT-b 

npKpOAHHM'b B-b Hee BXOAOWb, 

nrcaBHbïMH 4)aKTopaMH oôpasosaniH nemep-b, team» mbï bh- 

HBM'b, nBj\nK>TCfi aTMoc(j)epHafl Bo.ua w HajinmiocTb yrvieKHc/iyx'b 
cojiefl, 3a;ierajomHX'b noiTb noBepxHoctbîo 3eMJiH, Ho 3th itoa- 
aeMHbiH nycxoTH ne npeiiCTaBJiHïorb ju*m naeb nOKa ocoÔeHHaro 
HHTepeca. Kone^HO mu cyAHMt cb tomkm sp'fcHia TypacTa, Bt> 

HayHHOMla OTHOIlJeHiïi nOAÛDHbïfl flBJieHlfl B-b OpHpO^t 4pe3BH- 

qaftHo HHiepeCHbiM bt> Hcropin naineA 3êmjih samiMaiûrb oaho 
H3t> BHAHbixi> M-fecTK AûCTaTOHHO ynasarb, hto HHorAa peay^b- 

TaTOMTï nOA3eMHOfl A'kflTeJlbHOCTH BOAbI, HBJ1Ï11QTCJÏ crpaiHHbie 

o6Ba.iH, BJieKymie 3a coôofl cosepuieHHoe H3M-feHeHîe pejibe$a 

CTpaHb!, r^-fe HMèlOTb M%CTO nOAOÔHWH HBJTeHÎH. 

Ao CHX'b OOpTi AtHTeJIbHOCTb BQAbî npQHBJlflJiaCb B'b CBO- 

eft paspyuiHTC/ibHoft craAitf- Cîa^aKTHTOBbïfl Hce nemepH HaAO 
cos^aTbp H Borb, ecjtH ecrb ajia 3Toro ô^aronpifiTHbiH yoiosia, 
HaMHHaeTCH cosHAaTejibHan pa6oTa BOAbî t a™ Hacb, bt> jxzh- 
HOM-b aiy^at, HaHôojite HHTepecHasr, npoHcxojWb 3to cji-feAy- 
iomHM'b o6pa30M"b. 

KanJiH Bo^bi, npoca^HBaflCb cKBosb M3BecTK0Bbifl nopoAH, 
pacTBOpsuorb B'b ce6t yrjieicHCJibJH Ka^buin CaC0 8 . JXo&jxn 
ao cboaû nemepta^ Karum boau conpHKacaeTCH cb B03AyxoMT>, 

KOTOpblft paCTBOpHeXCH B'b Hett H BbîTtCHSîeTl» COOTBtTCTByH)- 

mee KOJiwqecTBO yrvieKHoiOTbî, cb noTepeiï KOTopoft pacTBopw- 
moctb Ka/ibuia yMeHbuiaeTca, h BCJitACTBie 3Toro nôcjrfeAHifl 
BbiA'feJifleTCfl H3*b pacTBopa h oca>KAaeTCfl Ha cboa^* 3a nepBOH 
Kan^efi cn^jiy tr-h Biopan, sa HeS TpeTba h t. a.- KawAan Ka* 
njiH HeceTiî cboio aojiio Matepia^ia ajïh noCTpoiïKM CTaJïâKTHTO- 
Bhtx*h yKpameHiH nemepi». Mhophmh B^KaMH chocmtch KanjiHMH 
cTpoHTejibHHfl MaTepiaiiT? juin CTa^aKTHTOBT> ? KOTopbie ôeanpe- 



pyBHo pacTyTij h qaCTO AOCTHraror-b 
CBMcaioTii ki> caMOMy AHy nemepu. 



TaKOÔ Be^M^HHbl, *1TQ 



— 221 — 
CtajiaKTHTH Hirfeîorb oâbiKHOBeHHo 4>opMy yjumntBEbix-b 

KOHyCOB-b, O^eHb HânOMHHaiOmHX'b CBOHM*b BHtU]HHMT> BUJXOWh 

kahvîuh cocyjibUH. Ho sto to + jîlko b-b o6meM-b aiyuat* Bt> 
qacTHOMi> >Ke— pa3Hoo6pa3iio cJmpM-b CTajiaKTHTOBt H-brb npe- 
iit^OB-b. HHKaKan $aHTa3ifl He B-bcocToaHÎH conepHKHaxb 3R^Ch 
a* npHpoaoiL Ea TBopMecKan HBOÔp-feTaTejibHocTb HsyMtue-ibHa. 
J\m npH6jiH3HT€JibHaro npeacxaBJieHiH o Kpacorb h pa3HO- 
oôpaaiH (fopM-b CTajiaKTHTOBbix*b coopy^eeiH npuBeay HttKOjib- 
ko CTpOKT> hs^ npeKpacHaro onHcaHia E. MapKOBa, oflHoft H3*b 
KpwMCKHx-b nemep-b, Tenepb yme noqm paapymeHHOH crapaHi- 

CM-b pyCCKHX-b TypHCTOB-b. „fl B^pyrb, rOBOpHrb MapKOB-b, 
O^yTHJlCfl B-b MpaHHOH H TaHtiCTBeHHOH HH^iftCKOft narOflt, Bbl- 

coKie cBOAbi npona^ajiH bi* reMHorb; KOJioHHbi ysopqaTbïH, bh- 
Tbrfl, Ôy^To cnjieTeHHbîfl H3*b «opaMOB-b irknbtMH 6yKeTaMH, 
no^HHMa^iHCb Ksepxy no crhtraM'b h yniaM-b; nx*b pacrmcajia 
KaKHMii to qyAecHHMH ieporjiH(t>aMH HeB-fe^oMan pyna.i. Co 
cbo^obt> naAa^H aecflTfcaMH KaMeHHbm m xpyCTajibHbia naHHKa- 
jima\ ctohjih nocpeiiH noji3eMHaro xpaMa BemiKOJi'bnHbie Mac* 
cHBHbie CBtiUHtiKii cTpaimOH paôOTbi, Towe csepKaiomîe, tcaîeb 
xpycrajib. Ctohjih orpOMHbie npecTojjbi h opraHbî H3-b TJDKejiaro 
xpycTaiîîi, ôeaoôpasHbte KaMeHHbie haojiu, to KOpoTeHbKie h 

TOJlCTbie, TO BUCOKJe, KaK-b CTOJlÔU KOJlOHHli... O/WHT* nO£3eM- 

Hyft xpaarb CiitAyeTis 3a ^pyrHMTi»,,, ht a. 

Ho He Bct KanjiM octsiotch Ha cBojrfe. HiiorjLa npocanH- 
Banie boaw Hjien> Tarb ÔwcTpo, hto Kan;m ne ycn+.saiOT'b no- 
r.noTHTb AOCTaTO^Hoe KOJUiHeeTBO B03Ayxa ami HarrojibKO Mena* 
pMTbCH, tîTo6bi Bb!fl-fe.F]HTb Kajibuiîî, h naAaiorb h a hho nemepbi, 
rzrfe yme saKaHHHBaeTca npouecrb ByjrkjieHia nocjit^Hflro, Bt> 
3TOMT> cjiyqa-fe o6pa3ytOTCH CTajiarMHTy, KOTopwe, BbipacTafl, 
HHor.ua CJiHBaioTCfl ci» cnycKaiomHMHCsi icb hmm'b HaBCTp-feqy 
cra^aKTHTaMH h oôpasyioT'b Ko;ioHHb!, npomio no^,aep>KHBaïomifl 
cboatï nemepbi, 

Tanii btî o6iuHX-b qepTaxij mo>kho npeflcraBHTb ceOt 06- 
pa30BaHie CTaJiaKTHTOBbix*b nemepii, ki> K0TopbiM*b npHHaA-ne- 
Mcarb h H3B j fecTHbtfl KpbiMCKifl nemepH CyyK^b-Xoôa h Bhhtj- 
Bauiia-Xoôa, a3bho cHHCKasuiiH ceôt saBHiiHyio cjiaBy, kti co- 
}Ka,TfeHiK> HeaacjiyKeHHyKi» a Tannce h hobhh nemepbi JVs 3, 



') MapKOBiï- *-OqepKM KpuMa^ 



— 222 — 
Ns à m JSfe 5, onncaHifO KOTOpax'b h nocBAmen-b a-rorb 

OcMOTptxb jiemepu Ha H&Twp'b-ZUrfej naTb o HHxt. onn- 
canie m ah>kc, ecnn npe&craBHTeH cHacuiMBaH c/iy i iafiH0CTb ot- 
KpHTb hobhh neuiepbi — Ôh/io AaBHHLUHeH Moeiï MeqrûH, 

Bii HacTOameM-b rojxy BTa mcht3 cGujiacb OT^acm K-b 

COMCajïtHiïO, Mbl He HMtjlH AOCTaTO l lHblX'b CpeACTBl3 CHapïlJKeHÏH 

Aflji H3C^t40BaHÎ5i H'kKOTopfcTX'b netuepi»» rJiyÔHHa KOTopbixT> 
CJujia Haero.nbKo anaHHTe^bHa, hto Haïua MaHHJibCican BepeBKa, 
wa KOTOpyio MH TaKii pa3CHHTbiBa^H f oKaaajiacb HenpHroAHOH. 
HaM-b npHm^ocb TOjibKo KOHcxaTHpo^aTb cymecxBOBaHie nt- 
cKo,ibKHXi> nemepii, eme HHKOMy HeHSB'bcTHbiX'b, HacroftHHBo 

OJKHJiaTOmHXTj CBOHXT> HSGTfeAÛBaTCJieH, HO OUTb nepilUMH ro- 

cthmh 9THXT? nemep-b naMt ne yaaJiocb. 

nepBoft nemepoft, bi> KOTopyio Mbi cnycTHJiHCb cb ufcjibo 
H3C^ , bjiOBaTb ee h Hairecnt wa miairb, ÔHJia nemepa N»4-h, 

nepaaro lions Hacrostmaro ro^a h 3 cryAeHTbi Hecrypxb h 
riHiiieHHH'b m 3aB*fe#yiomiïï aomhkomtj ropHaro Knyôa Ha Ha- 
rap-b-Xlarfe r, ILIaôaH-b no waHHjibCKOH BepesK-fe cnytTHJiFCb bt> 
née. 3Ta nemepa hexo^htch B*b 2fiU Mexpax-b Ha forb orb ao- 
MHKa no npçiMOH JtHHjH h bt> 8U Mexpax-b OT-b xopouio mB'hcr- 
Hoft nemepu BHH-b-Bawb-Xoôbi, 

OTKpbîBaeTCfl OHa AOBO/îbHO UlHpQKHMb, HM'klOHJ.EM'b BH^'b 

Kojiojma OToepCTieM-b, noHTH oTn-kcHbiM-b, BhicoTa Koroparo 
paBHa 18-th MeTpaM-b. CT-feHbi, oôpasyiomm K0^o^e3b t noKpbiTw 

BOAOpQCJIHMH, KOTOpbia B*b H'feKOTQpblX'b M'kCTaX'b T3K1> ryCTO 

nopocjm, *itû npe^cTaBJiflioT'b ciuiomHOH 3ejieHbm Koeepi?, Bo- 
na, yAep»cHBaeMan bojiopocjihmh oqenb xojioana h npH Majitiï- 
ujeM'b npHKocHOBemH ki> Heft Bbîcxynaex'b Hapyacy. Kojicweab, 

HeCMOTpH Ha CBOK) rJiyfliHy, Ht OCOÔeHHO LUHpOïCB: BTî HaMaJlti 

hc ôoji'fee Tpexii— neTHpexiï MexpoBi., no wkp'k aœ yrjiyôjieHin 
oneHb HesHaqHTejibHo paciuMpaeicH h y KOHija pt>3KO nepexo- 
jWT'h bt» cBOiVb, hh3ko cnycKatomiftcH Ha4i> ahomti nemepbi h 

£OCTMrafOmîâ Bt CaMOM^ UJMpOKOM'b MtCTt ABajJUaTH MCTpOBTi* 

CnyCKfiTbCfl npHxOÂHTCH Ha nacHHb hstï aeiwjiM, KaMHen h pa3- 
Haro copa, o^esBAHo 3aBeceHHaro cioAa ^ojK^eBHMH bo^smh h 

BtTpOM'b, 

Hacbinb HM'feeT'b na^h Konyca h B03BbituaeTCH naji'b 06* 
mHM'b ropH30HTOM'b neiuepH na i l / % MeTpa, Kpaa en 3aMbma- 



^ 



- 223 — 

K>TCfl cboaom-b, oôpaaya cb hhmtï oCTpbie yrjibL, Flemepa mo- 
Kpaa. ho He TaKaa rpasHaa, k3kt> Cyyicb-Xoôa* BosAyx-b cwpoft 
h npox/ia^HbïH; TewnepaTypa 6,25 a no Ue^bciio. 

Ha nojiy nemeptj mu HaxoAHJiH MHoro Kocrefi Mejmnx-b 

JKHBOTHUX'b, B-fepOflTHO 3âHeceHHb!X'b CIOAa XHIUHbiMH rXTHUaMH, 

HiuymHMH yÔtiKHiua B-b 6e3onacH0M"b m-bctb. 3to npeAnoJio- 
acenîe no^TeepjKAaeTCfl eme h rfeMi^ hto mu nain.™ nOHTH 
nocpenH cnyCKa, Ha Bbicrynt, rHt3A0 ? .aoBOJibHo BHa^HxeJibHoe 
no pa3MtpaM-b. MapTejib npHBOAHTb coBepiiieHHo Huoe 06-bHC- 
Henie axoro nBMnm t aaHMCTBOsaHHoe nwh y Lapparent'a, hh- 
CKOJibico, snpoqeM'b, He HCKJiioMaiomee Haine npeAnojiosceHie. 

OhT> TOBOpHT-b, 4TO 3HMOM, KOTAa CHtrb SaHeceTb BC* BXOAbl 

h KOJioAUbf nemep-b TaKi>, hto noBepxHoerb npeACTaBjiHeTCfï 
ÏÏ04TH pOBHOH, ahkîh khbothuh, He nOA03ptBaa onaCHOCTH, 
nonajunorb b-b hrbcra bxoaobti s-b Demepbi m nposa/iMBatoxca 

B-b HHXT^ He HM*Bfl B03MOHCHOCTH BbTÔpaTbCH OÔpaTHO» GHH SJl^ilh 

norHÔaiO'rb. 

HsM-BpeHie nemepu mw HanajLH ct> nacbinif^ BepxyuiKy ko* 

TOpoft npHHHJlH 33 UeHTp-b, OTb HerO HBM'bpH.nH pa3CT0HHie BO 
BC% CTQpOHW, TA^ 3aMblKa.lCfl CBOifb, no HanpaBJieHïHM'b, B3fl- 

TbiM^b no KOMnacy* 

.HiaMerp-b H3MtpfleMaro Mtcra no pa3Hbi*n> HanpaBJieHïtiMi> 

0Ka3ajicfl pa3^H4HMM'b t h caMoe m^cto Momen. ôbitb npeA- 
CTaB^eno s-b Bujxt cjrfeAyroiueft cfwrypbi; (cm. 4>hi\ JSTs I). Ilo 

CTOpOHaMl* CB0A3 H3X0AflTCfl HHUJH. flpflMO Ha CfeBep"b 0Tb Ha- 

Cbinn, sa neôo^biuHM'b ctojiôhkomt> ï oxKpHBaeTCH HHCian rjiaA- 



esi B-b tfaqa-rfe ne ôojrke 1 y* MeTpa, juium ace okojio ccmh 

MeTpOBT>. 

Bcfl netuepa coeroHrb H3*b neTypex'b sa/n?, H3*b KOTOpbix'b 
OAHa coBepinenHo oôocoôjieHa h HaxoAWTCfl ct> ji-bboïï cropoHbr 
nepBOH 3aJibi, B03BbiiiiaHCb na BBa MCTpa «aA'b npoHHM'b ropM* 
30htomi3. OcxajibHbifl sa-nbi THHyTCîi no HanpaB/iemio Ha K>nb 5 
OAHa sa ApyroH, oTA^HflCb Apyn> orb Apyra KpacHBbiMH ko- 

JIOHHBMH. 

HepBwe CTajiaKTHTu BcrptnaioTCfl bt^ AecHTH MeTpaxi* oT-b 
BepxyiuKtf HacbinH h cpasy nopa)Ka!OTT> cBoeft KpacoTow. Cra- 
jiaKTHTbi h CTaJiarMHTbî paanoH BevinqwHbi BbîjiHBaiOTCïi bt> ca^ 
MbiH npHqyA^iHBbîîi iJjopMbi h rpynnbi, HeBtAOMan TaHHCTBeH- 



224 



nas pys<a paâÔpoeaJia hxt> no noTo^Ky, nojiy h -crkHaMi» bt* 
HeHCnepnaeMOMii pasHooôpasiw. Bt* KaHtAOM-b yrojiKt nemepu 

CKa3ajiacb en TBopqecKasi cmia. Box-b CToar-b pQCKOuiHwe 3a- 

CTMBinîe (flOHTâHbT; BOTT3 HtTlblH psîXb npHMyfl/lHBbîX'b KOJÏOHÏTb; 

6axpoMa h iconbg csHcarorb kt> caMOMy nojiy! 

ripeoô^ajiaioT'b verrue MaTOBbie CTajiaKTHTbi, Koe-r^t no- 
na^aiûTCa m posoBaibie H mmz cobc^mi* npospa^Hya, KaK*b 
xpyCTajit, cocyjîbKB. flo RpaaMi* Befe CTa^aKTHTbi npoce^HH- 
Baron* h npa CB-ferfa m arma qapyiorb B30pi> cbohmh H*fe)KHbiMH 
M<ej]To-opaFi>KeBbiMH ronaMn. C/ra;iaKTHTbi h cTajiarMHTbt Bct 
n-hjibi h BCTptnaiOTCH B-b ôojibuiOMii KOJinqeCTBt, XHiuHHqecKaa 
pyna pyccKaro rypHcxa eme He nponsBejia 3A"fecb cBoen ony- 
cTouiHTejibHoft paôoxbi; Bce CTOHrb HeTpoHyTbiM-b; Kpacota A'bB- 

CTBeHHOCTH He OCKOpÔ^eHa HH^bHM-b npHKOCHOBemeMTï, Tpy#- 

ROCTb aocryna bt> neîMepy xpaHurb noKa btu 6oraTCTBa B*b 

HXT» nepBOÔblTHOti qHCTOT-fe, 

TopHOMy Kjiy6y ocoôenno peKOMeHayeTCH npHHgTb Bcb 
Mtpbi kl cCepemeHiio stoh ahbfioh no KpacoTt nemepw crb 
Hes^îKecTBeHHbix'b nocbTHTejieK, KOiopbie ne MoryTT> BiwfeTb 
npacOTbip qTOÔbi He 3aMapaxb ea 5 Koropbie pacxHTflrb aparo- 

UtHHOCTH, HaKOnjieHHbïfl npttpOJXQÏÏ B'bKaMH, 6e3»taJ10CTHO co- 

âfeiorb npnqyjuiHBbirt rHpJiflH#y t — h Jiy 1 ^* aa H3i> nemep*h, aiOTb 
CKa3oqHbiH ABOpeuis, CTaHeTT> TaKoâ ace hmoE, KaKOH îmjiaeTCH 
renepb nemepa CyyFCb-Xo6a, 

51 Aynaio, MHOrie, H3i> eaeb, sxojiHBiiJÎe B*b Cyytcb-Xoôy, 
McnbiTa^H TH>Ke;ioe o6n^Hoe qyBCTBo : BM-tcro Be^HqecTBeHHaro 
xpaïua, KaKHMTï BH£%j]'b ee eme MapKOBT>, bm%cto ysop^aTLix-b 

HaTCKOB-b. HyAHblX'b KOJlOHH'b — Bbl BHAHie rOJIblH CTfeBbJ H no- 

to^oktj ci> ôtJibiMH naTHaMH — M-fecTaiwH npHKp-fenJieiriH CTaJISK- 
THTOB'b, 6e3MOJ]BHbiMH CBMA^Te^AMM 6bïJioro Bejmqisî H 6e3CTblA- 

CTB3 pyCCKHX-b TypHCTOBTi» paSBOpOBaBUJHX'b 3T0Tb AHBKblft 

xpaNTbl 

TojibKO B"b caMofl r^yfiHH'fe nemepw, OTKy#a BbinecTH th- 
3Ke^bin KOJioHHbi npeACTae^H^ocb A'b.noM'b AaJieKO He.ierKHM'b, 

OCT3-1HCb C^%AH HpOKKeÔ KpaCOTbl H pOCKOUlH, npeA*b H3yM- 
JieHHbtM'b nOCtTHie^eMli BCTaiOTli H'feCKOilbKO KO^OHHlï BO Bcefi 

CBOen qapyiomeft Rpacort, HeeojibHO saôHBaemb toti» j^mm- 
hhh h 6e30Tpa£HbiA nyTb^ no KoropoMy AoÔpajicH jxq 3Toro 

Mfecta. 



- 225 — 



Ho qyscTBo BOcxnmeHÎH neAo/tro, ero cM-tHaerb Apyroe — 
nyscTBO r-nyôoKOM 06 bah 3a Ttx-b «3-b typifCTOB-b, KOTopwe, 

336blBTï CTbïA*', Cb paÔCKOH CiapaTCJIbHOCTbK} JTBHqTOHCHJIÏl BI3 

neuiep-fe oo^th Bt/fe en npHpOAHbia yKpameHiH. 

Hojiro cTOHJia ara nemepa iiHKûMy HeHaa-fecxHaa, HutcfeM-b 
bù noctmaeMas, xpaHH B*b ceôt bck> npejieerb AtBCTBeHHOcra. 
Ho BOTt xaTapbi oTKpbum ee c/iy^anHo. Btcrb o hobûh ne me- 
p-fe, o HeoôbiKHOBeHHoft Kpacorfe h SorarcTB^ ea CTajiarrHTOB-b 
RajieKo paaneoacb He tojibko no KpbtMy, ho h no ecefl PocciH. 

TypHCTH-XHmïIHKH ne 3aMejlJlH/lH ABHTbCft Cb MOJlOTâMH 

Bt pyKaxTî h 3/rfecb, HHK'bM'b He cT-fecHHewtje, coeepiiia^M cBoe 
TeMHoe a^o> 

CxpOMMbia, tohkÎh kojiohkh yHocHJîHCb Ha pyKax*b, TflîKe- 
ahh yBoan^HCb Ha Teji-feraxiï, Tarapbt-nacTyxH Moryrb pascica- 
3axb MHoro xaKHX'b cjiy^aeB'b H3*b stoô rpycTHoft HCTOpin»KaK'b 
npitatttajiH ^rocnoAa* h yBOBHJiH ct> coôofl qyAHHH kojiohhm. 
TaKi> pacxHTHJiH AHBHbift xpaM*b t coaziaBaeMbiH npHpOAûfi Bt- 
«aMH, a Momerb ôbiib H TbjCîmejrfeTinMH, PyccKOe oôtueCTBO 
Hasceriia nmnmocb bo3mojkhocth BHA"feTb Kpacory Cyyrb-Xo- 
6w, Ho mto hmi> ao 9Toro? CoBfccrb Mojmnrb, npHpoaa HC 
BSbimeTiit 

MucTib, *ito h hobûh nemepbt MûKcrb nocTHqb Ta >Ke 
yqacTb» ynieTaerb cosHanie. 

B% H'bKOTOpbixii npocB'femeHHbrx'b crpaHax*b 3anaAH0H 
Esponbi h C Amcphkh cTa^aKTHTOBMg nemepu, ne npMHaA/te- 
atarb qaCTHbîWb jumaarb, a cocTaBJiHiorb AocioflHie Bceft HauiH, 
h oôeperatoTCH npaBHTe;ibCTBaMH. y Hacb, KâKi, bh saaeïe, 
HHqero no^o^Haro H'brb. Be3*b C0MH%Hià HaciynHrb speiwi, 
Kor^a 3th nemepbi, tcatcb h Apyria coKpoBHiua npHpozibi, ko- 
TopwMH Taicb ôoraTa Hawa poAHHa, ôyjiyr'h npHHsxbi ripas,*- 
Te;ibCTBOM'b noifb nOKpoBHreJibCTBo 3aK0H0B*b t u AajibH-fefnuee 
hxt> cymecTBOBanie 6yAerb Bnojint oôesneueno. 

A nona ropHbiiî K/iyÔii $BJintTcn y nacb eAHHCTBeHHbiMT* 
yypeHCAeHiewb, KOTopoe HM^effa ne ro^bKO ftpano. ho h eefe 
cpeACTBâ kti oxpan-fe aTHX'b nemepii. H mu ne coMHtBaeMCH! 
mo 9th cpeACTBâ ôyAyTii HCno^baoBaHu. 

Ho B03BpamaeMCH Kb onMcaniio. 

H'bKOTopbie crajiarMHTbi bi> Hanjea nemept AOCTHraK>T"b 
oqeHb cojiHJiHbix'b pasMtpOB-b, Ha psîAy Cb CTa^arMHTa«wn B-b 



- 226 - 



H-kCKO/lbKO MCTpOB'b Bl* OKpyjKHOCTH, HB 1 M% BCXp*fcTHJïCfl OJU*HT> 
B"b 13 MeTpOB'b. H'feCKO.lbKO CTaJiaKXHTOBTï nO*!TH KOCHyJiHCb 

CBOHMH OCTpiHMM CT3JiarMHTOBMX*b CTOJl6ûBT> H npe£CXaBjmïOTb 

xaKHM-b o6pa30Mii rtpeKpacHHïï m yôiiAHTejïbHbiJt npHMtpi> 

06pa30BaHÎH KQTïOHH-b. 

nepsaîî 3a.ua— caMan ôojibiuasï: Bbicoxa en bt> H-feKOTOpHxi> 
M-feCTax-b, no eauieMy Mtrbtriio, jtocTHraerb AecHXH MexpOB-b, Qb 
.TfeBoâ CTopoHbî ea, KaK-b y>Ke ôuno cKaaaHD, B03BbiiuaeTCfl Ha 
jma MeTpa Ha,zrb npo^HM-b ropnsoHTOirb Bropaa sajia, ne oneHh 
ôoraxafl cxajiaKTHxaMir, pa3M*i>p*b en 7X4^ MeTpa, Cb npaBofl 
CTopOHM nepBofi sanu TflHexca no^xn jmmenHuû CTajiaKTirroB'b 

y3KÎH XOJVh B-b ?*/* MeTpOB'b jyiHHOH» BTi KOH^t KOTOparO CTO- 

Hi"b ireâojibtuasi KOJiotfKa. lipn Bxo;vfe bt* xpexbio sa-ny, nyxb 
saropaiKHBaeT'b Hy^Haa KcuiQHHa yôpaHaan HaieKaMH, icaKib 6a- 
xpOMOïi, cji%Ba B03BHUiaeTCH orpoMHHil crajiarMidT^ HanoMMHa- 
lomiiï aacTHBmifi tfïûHxaH'b. TpexbH aa^a oqenb MajieHbKaa, Bce- 
ro 3,5X2*6 Merpa. fletuepa saKaHHHBaexca qerBepTOH sajioiï, 
pa3MtpOMi> 4,dX2 5 5 Mexpa. Exo^-b B-b Hee xatŒe sarpaa^jeH-b 
KpacHBofi kojiohhoh, 3a KoxopoH npiioTHjjacb acHBOnHCHas rpyn* 
na cxa^arMHxoB-b cb HeôojibiooÊî kojiohkoh, C-b ji^boh cxopo- 
Hbt sxoh rpynnbi, oTKpMEaeTca MajienbKoe npe/iecrHoe 03epue 
xpycxa^bHOH xojioahoh bqah c-b £— G,25° C. Mu HcnpoôOBaJin 
Bo^y, OKasaBuiyiocii oqeHb npiflTHOH Ha Bicycrb. Cx^hh h cbojh> 

^eXBepTOB 33JlbI CÏÏJlOlIJb nOKpUTbl H35UHHb1MH HaTeKaMH, II3T> 
KOTOpHX*b HtKOTOpbie OXpa>ÏCaïOT r b pO30BaTHH UB^T-b. 3n,*fecb 

aœ Mbt yBiwfejïH h coBepmeHHo npospaHBbiH cocy/ibKM. npH 
cB'fcxt Manda bcb 3xa cKa30UHaa KOMHaxKa, Cb ôacceflHOMi» 
CB-bxjiofi Bo^bi, npoH3Bo^Hxi> oqapoBaTeJibHoe Bne*ïaTjrfeHie. 

Biî nemep'b mh npoôbijiH ôojrfee Tpexii HacoBt, ne 3aMt- 

HâH BpeMeHH, H TOJlbKO CKJIbHHM XOJlOA'b AaBaJlT> HyBCXBOBaTb, 

qxo ocxaBaxbCfl ^a^bine pHCKOBaHHO, k^b xoMy >Ke Mbi ùbim 
o^txbi no ji'fexHeMy* Mbi c^jibjih (J>oTorpa4>îio h crann bhoh- 
paxbCH* Ho Bb]6paxbCH H3T» nemepbî dHJione xaKi> ^erno, icaicb 
cnycîHTfaCfl b% Hee, Ha nOA'beM'b qexupeîcb 4e^0BtKi> nonaAOÔH- 
^ocb Ôoji-be qacy BpeMewH* Pyna H-^M'beT'b ox'b ycxa^iûcxn h 
xojio^a. IlpeKpacHafl MaHHJibCKaH Bepeena, HeaaMtHiîMaH bt> 
TaKHX'b cjiyHaflXTï, ôjiaro^apa cHJSbHOMy xpeHiio, Koxopoe ona 
OKasbisaex'bj Korjta XBaxaeiubCïi 3a Hee pyicaMM, k% coyKaji^mm 

OMCHb npOMOKJIâ B"b HtKOTOpblX'b M'feCTaX'b, H pyKH CKOJIb3H^a 



- 227 - 



no hcm. nomuM&Tbcn npHuuiocb Ha wycKyjiaxi,, jinmh Koe-rat 
crtHbï motjw CJiy>KHTb B'b cBOUxii pacmejiHHaxi> onopoio AJIfl 
Horb h cnmm, KOTOpaa y Mena 6u,ia coBepuieHNo MOKpaa oti> 
boau, coqHBtueftcfï no crtnaM-b. 

C-b 6o^buiMMT) Tpy^OM'b, no-mtptm, Hanonm-b, mh bu- 
Ôpa^HCb Ha ROeepxHOCib. Bbui-b noJueHb* Cojiime QCJitimTejih- 
ho CBtTH/io h ropflHtiMH .ny4aMH corptBajio seMJiio; xeruio ero 
Kasa^ocb Haivt-b ocofieHHO npiaxH^M-b noejxfe npeôbraaHifl bx> ne- 
mept* Kami to cxpaHHû ùujiq cosHasaxb, hxo r&%«xo, no;vb 

SeMJieft, B*b aÔCOJliOTHOH T€MHOTK XG3Qft& H CbipOCTH T3HTCH 

crojibKo qapytomeft Kpacoxbi ! 

B-b Torb me AeHb, mh ocmox> ^jih nemepy JSfe 3«£L Bt> 
BH^y xoro, hto npoèeccopOMb BanueBbiM^ yace ^a»o ôujïo 
onHcame stoA nemepn AOBcnbHo npocrpaHHoe, xoxa h ne cob- 
cbM-b TOHHoe, h we 6y^y ocxaHaBJiHBâXbCfl na noApoÔHoexflx-b. 

Bch nemepa ;rb;iHxcfl Ha hb% sa-aw, ws-b Koxopwx*b ifesafi 
orb Bxoaa h bi> jijiHHy h B*b uiHpHHy HMtetT> no 30 Mexpoa-b. 
ripasafl 3a^a bt> flJiHHy HM-feexT* 28 MexpoB'b, mwpHHa >Ke ew 
B*b pasHbix-b M-fecTax-b pa3JiH4Hafl, HHKaKHXi> Apyruxii 3a-n*b t h h 

BXOAOBli, HH BblXO^OBT^ Mbï, KaKT> HH HCK3JIH, HafiXH He MOJMH. 

OepBaîï aa.ia nopavKaex-b cboch BejiHHHHOHj ocoôenno, 
ecjiH ee cMoxptTb» KaK-b hbm^ Hpnujjiocb, noorfc nemepu JST* 4-£L 
nopa^aeT-b B-b Hefi xairb >Ke nonTH nojiHoe OTcyTCTBie 3HanH- 
xej!bHbjx*b CTaJiaKTHTOB*b* Cbo^i> neiuepw, xoth h nOKpbirb 

CTaJlâKTHTOBblMH HaXCKaMH, He MOHœTb C^y>KHTb yKpaiueFiîeM'b 

nemepbi, TaKt KaK-b sck cxa^aKXHXbi na neMi^ qpe3Hbmaiwo 
Ma^bi no cpasHeHiio ex» bmcotoh CBOAa, AOCTHrsiotiiaro, no 
HauieMy MH^HiK), '20-xh MexpoB-b. Ilo cjioeaM'b npo4 )LCC0 P a 
3afmeBa ') Sbicoxa sra 3Ha4Hxe/tbH0 6o;ibii:e. CTajiarMHTûS'b 
xoaœ neMHoro ium raKofi ruiomaAH, h ctohtt> ohh QTjrfejibHo 
^pyrii ox-b ^pyra h HeeticoKH. flpH CBtxt MarniFi, KOtoparo 
eÂBa xsaxaeib, hxo6h ocB-fexnxb Bce ^to npocxpaHCTao, no^iy- 
4aexc« o^ieHb opHrHHa^bHaa h KpacHBan KapxHHa. MH*fe 0Ha na- 
noMHH,ia MaroMexaHCKOe KJiaAômiie* Bxopaa 3ajïa MtHbtiie no 
paaM'fepaM'b, ho 3Ha4Hxe.ibH0 ôorane cxa.iaKXHxaMH, h3t> koxo» 
pyx-b ti-feKOxopbie no^BtmeHbi kt> noxojiKy na noÂOôie bhho- 
iyaaHbrx'b rposAe^. HecMoxpn Ha 3HaMHTe-nbHyio rjiyôHHy nc- 



y ) 3anmhu [\\f\, F. I\Ayôa sa lUOj 



— 228 - 



îuepkî, pâBfiyio domth copoKa MeTpaMT>, bch Rama KaMnanis H3i> 

BOCbMH fffWb, BT> qjiCJI-fe KOTOpWX-b 6fcJJlH £B% AaMbî, CpaBHH- 

Te/ibHo Ce3-b ocoâux'b TpynHocTeft, criycmnacb no jrfecTHtmaM'b 
B-b Hee, 

Ha cjitÂyiomifi aeHb 7 2 iio^isi, naM*b yaajioeb ocMOTpfcrb 
coeepiiieHHo eme HensB-BCTHyio nemepy, KOTopyto no BpeweHH 
OTKpurifl M03KHO HasBaTb Ne 5 Mi*. 3ra nemepa OTCTOHT-b orb 
aomhkh Bt 1300 marax-b no uiaroM-fepy, OTKpbiBaeTOi ona no- 

ilOÔHO N? 4-My CBOÔOaHblM'b BHXO^OM'b, HOHTH QTB'tCBbIM'b H 

OH€Hb ujHpoKHM-b; BHcOTa cnycKa pasHa 13-th MeTpaM^, rio 
MaHujibCKOH BepeBK-b cnyCTH^HCb mw Ha 3eM^HHyio Hacbinb, 
n,ioTHo npïfMbtKatomyïO ich crfcH-fe, no kotopoh npHxo.nHTCB 
cnycKarbCîi. OôpasoBame srok wacwnH oÔyeJioBJieno npoBajiOM-b 
3eM*iH Hajrb nemepofi, Haebinb KpyTan, seMJin BiaHOïaa h cxo- 
AMTb Cb hch npe^CTaB.nîi/TO Ôojihwin TpyaHotTH. Coh^s Cb H3- 
cbrnH» oqyxH^HCb mh no;rb cso^OM-b rpaHAiosHUx-b pa3\rBpoB*bp 
K*b cOHtaji%HÎK) OMeHb Tpy^HO 6hjïo onpeii'B^MTb ero bbi- 
cory sa HeHMtHÎeM-b HeoôxoAHMbJX'b ^jih aioro HHCTpyMeHTOBT>, 
BnpaBO h bjtbbo TawyTCH ABa paBHbix-b no juihh-e, ho coeep- 
lueHHo OTJTHUHbîX'b no pacnQjiO)Keniïo KoppH^opa, y Hauajia 
Hacbinn oTKpbiBaeTCa wh crfenii yr^y6jieHie npcacTBB^fliomee 
^oBOJibHo sHatîHte^bHyio saJiy, coBepuieeno jiHLueHHyio CTajiaK- 

THTCB'b. riepBblfi npaBblH KOppHAOp'b T BT> 70 MeTpOB'b AJ1HHOK)» 

M^erb Bce BpewH BBepx'b Ha Bcearb cbocmI) npoTHmeHiM. no 
oô'feHM'b cTopoeaMiî ero, a HHoraa h nocpe^HH'fe rpoM03&îîTCîi 
cxajiaKTHTCBbia rpynnbi. CBQjrb KOppHAopa He BbicOKi.. Htth 
npMxojifiTCfl no AOsojtbHo yaoÔHOMy KaMenHOMy £Hy, Koe-nrk 

BT> HeÔOJIbiUHX'b BbieMKaXT> KOTOparO HaXOAHTCSÏ HHCT3Î! xojtoa- 

Haa BO^aj npi^iTHaîi na BKycb. B/i'feBo TAHeica BTOpofi KOppH- 
Aop'b-, KOTopwô BnpOTHBonojiOttŒOCTb nepBOwy ace BpeuH no- 
HH>KaeTCfl, Bt> H'BKOTopbiX'b M'BCTax'b yKJioH-b RacmibKO sna^H* 
Te^eH^, 4TO npHxo^HTCfl KapaÔKâTbCî!, riojrb HepOBHbiô, 3arpo- 
Mom^eHii qacTO OTBa^HBnjHMHcsi cra.jiaKT«TaMH. B-b HHbtx'b M'B- 
CTax'b Bcrp^aeTCs? Marnaa aeM^fl, coBepmeHHo ^epHan* JXojimno 

ÔblTb BOAbï, pa3MbIB3fl HSCbinb, OCTaBJIHÏOT'b 61= 9T0M-b KOppH- 

AOp'Bj KaKi> caMOWb HH3KOM-b M/fecrfe neiuepbi sxy aeM^io, cawK- 
jKe npocaMHBaiOTCH Br^y6b* Jl%Bbiiî KoppHaop"b, xoth h ne Ta- 
Koft mtcruPi, KaK-b npaBbifl» ho 3Ha4HTejibHo HHTepecHte ero. 
3^-fecb 6o^bme cxa^aKTHTOB'b h HareKOBii no cT'bHaM'b h caivrb 



229 — 



ojrb pa3Hoo6pa3Hte, Bca nemepa npoHSBOAHrb oneHb CHJibHoe 
BnenaTJitHie. OHa Ka>KexcH CTapofi, n es cTajiaKXHxy cosep- 
meHHo hc noxoacH na T-fe, KOxopwe mw bh^jim bt> ApyrHXTï 
nemepax-b. Co3H,naxejibHaa padoxa npHpoan B*b ueiï KamtTCH 

AaBHO 3aKÛH4eHHOH, 3/vbCb HtT-b XOHKHX1» H CTpOfiHHX-b CTa- 
wiaKTHTOBl> ? HtT-b JierKHX-b M3HEUHhIX'b KOJIOHOKT>, H^T-b H'fejKHhlX'b 
TOHOB-b^ nJltHflfOlUHX-b B30p*b HpH CBtx-fe MaFHia, KaKT> B* ne- 

lUep-fe Ne 4-ïï. CTajiaKTHTH en se djiecTflx-b h He or^iHHaioTCîi 
JicrKOCTbio cBOHX'b ^opi^b — wanpOTHBTî ohh MaccHBHU, rpydbi 

nO iftûpM'k H UB-fcTy, Bct nOKpbITH ryCTWMTs MaXOBMNTb Hajie- 

mwh, na^KaioiaHM-b pyKH. CTajiaKx*Tbi tohho BbiMaaaHbi mh- 

HOH HJïH H3B€CXbK>. tiB^T-b HX% OAHOOÔpaseH'b : OHT> frfejIHH 

hjih CBfrivîo>Ke;rrbiH. H Bce-TaKH axa nemepa npOHSBOAHxi» my- 
60Koe BneqaT^tHÎe* CBoeoôpaaHocxb bx* pacnojioiKeHiK h bt* 
MacCHBHocTH cxaJiaKXHxoBwx-b odpasoBaHw; oAHOofipasie tohobt> 
npujiBioT'h ei cbok> ocoôenHyio npeJiecxb. Bhaho no BceMy, 
ito juojffl 3û%cb eme He 6ujul CjitjLOB'b pacxHiueHîsi HC 30- 

MtxHO. MaCCa GÔJîOMaBLLlHXCfl CTaJiaKTHTOB-b BCfltACTBle co6- 

CTBenHon TH^ecTH» a MOmerb 6nxb ox-b ;tpynix*b KaKHx-b-HK- 
6y&b npHqMH-b, jieHtHx-b Tyx-b ace. Cpe^H Me/iKHX-b pasdBBiuHxcn 
CTajiaKTHTûB'b nona^aioTCH m ohchb KpynHbie, Mbi jio/ïfo /noôo- 
BajiHCb btqu nemepow, en cBûeo6pa3H0fi Kpacoxoiï h Heodbi- 
KHOBeHHbtMH pa3M*fepaMH efl KoppHAopos'b, K-b co>Ka^1iHiio nawh 
npHXOAH^ocb o^eHb xopomiTbca, xaicb KaK^ HtKoxopbie h3t> 
HaoïHX'b TOBapameft, AOîKH£afiCb nacb, hctoiuiuih Bce csoe xep- 
ntme h yuuiu Bnepejm>* 

OcMOTptB-b ncmcpbï, mu noô^aroaapHJiH cï4oxpnxe/iH 40- 
MHKa i\ LUadana 3a jno6e3Hoe rocxenpÏHcxBO h npejxynpe4>> 
xejibHoe BHHManie, Koxopoe ohi* Hawb OKasbiBajrb btj sth ABa 
,hhh, Jiymnie m% Hauiefi ^KCKypciH. Mh yuuiH snepe^-b, yHOCH 
ci> coôoh nyjiHUH Bne^ax^^Hia o Kpacoxt HOBbixt nemepi>. 

SaKaHHHBaa onHCâHie naiuero oôsopa nemepii, h CHHxaio 
He ^HLnHHM-b CKaaaXb H%CKO^bKO CJIOBTi o tomt> paBHOAyuiiH, 
C^b KOXOpHMTï MH pyCCKie OTHOCHMCH KO BC%M-b BXMMTî AapaMT> 
npHpOAM. Mbi C^HUIKOMlï JUQÔHM'b CU^e BCt HHOCTpaHHOe H H6- 

npocxMxe^bHo HeôpeacHo oxhochmca ko BceMy po^BOMy* Bcflb.n- 
CTBie xaKoro oxHoiiienifl kt> npHpoivfc cboch pûiiHHbi mbi, KaKx> 
3T0 hh rpycxHO, coBepiiieHBO ea ne anacMis. 

Mnorie «3^ pyccKMX'b o6"bt3An^H 3anaAHyio Espony # no- 



— 230 — 

ôbisaJiK bti Hhjùh, AMepHKt h ApyrHx-b crpaHax p b mi a, aenpo- 
cme mxts mo HHfiyAb o KpbdM-fe nm KâBKâa'b, a yme ho m- 
sopio o îiatuefl A3Îw, — ne MHOrîe yAOBJieTBopHrb BauiCMy bo- 
npocy. 

A BM-fecrfe ci>TtMT> 9th cTpaHH, ocoôlHho KaBKa3-b, npea- 
CTaBjmerb Bbi^aiomincH HHTepecb juin BCHKaro HFfTejumreHTHa- 
ro h oôpa30BaHHaro qe/ioB-feKa. Bck xopouio SHaiorb, hto oas- 
Haa BepiowHa Ajtbn-b MonÈ/raH-b, sHarorb oÔbiicHOBeHHo CKOjibKQ 
0Ha MeTpoB-h BbicoTbi, h /îpyria eeptuHHbi Mente sHaHKTejibRbifl, 

HMCfîa KOTOpbïX-b XOpOUJO 3H3K0MbI MHOrHM-b pyCCKHM'b, a 

cnpoCHTe Hx-b nrasHusi eepui^Hbi KaBKaaCKHx-b rop-b — HeMHOrie 
OTBtîHTi>; HaaoByT'b, nowa/iyn, eme: 3,ibôpycb, A MtMny T^Mt 
na KaBKaa-b Haôepexca ,no Asa/maxit BepiiiHHi>, npeBoexoiifl- 
mHx-b CBoefô bucoxoB MoHÔJiaH'b I 

CaMbie Jtytjurïe yrojiKH CBoen poijHHU, mm ocxaB/iHeMi. 
6e3iî BHHïwaHisï. npHxo^Hwcb bt* BocTopnb oti> Bcero, HTO BH- 
£HMiî na aanaat. CxapaxejibHO 3anoMHHaefcn> HMena bha^hhhxt3 
M-bcT-b, nacxo HHTfeM-b ne aaM'kHaTejibHbTX'bj m nyMaeM-bj qxo 
sTHM'b 3HaHieM-b npioôp-fexaeM-b HCKJiioHHTeJibHoe npaeo na Kyjib- 

TypHOCTb. Kor^a >Ke npHXOAHXCfl 3HaK0MHXbCH co CBoefi poAH- 
HOH, npHd-feraeMt KT> HHOCXpaHHHM'b HCXO L ÏHHKaM'b î Tah"b KBK'h 
XaKHX*b UOHTH HC URXOJXHWh r Ha pOAHOMli 5!3blK'k. 

riemepa JST* f>-iu o KOTopofi nepe;rb 3xhmt> nj.na pt^b» ea- 
xoahtch Ha coBepiueHHO poBHOMis Mtcx'fc, ne BaMacKMpoBana 

HH ^epeBbflMM HH KHMHflMIf, [IeUJ,epa 0X011715 OTKpHTOH, H HC- 

CMOTpfl Ha axo OHa ao CHX'b nopi» ociaBajiacb HesaM^HCRHoft, 
KaKiï h MHoro ApyrHxt nemep'b, mhmû KoxopHxii npoiojia h 

npOXOAHT'b He O^Ha COTHfl pyCCKMXl? TypHCXOB'b. A OXKptlXb H 

Hsc^tAOBaTb 3th nemepbi — gfêso He xaicoe y^i» h TpyaHoe, 
T*fcaiTî Ôoji'be, hto OTKpHBaTb-To He na&o, xairb Kaicb ont aae- 
110 yaee oTKpbixw, ho x^mh jnojihiAM^ kt> cosKajrb&iio, kto hmh 
MeHbiiie Bcero HHxepecyeTcn. 

JIïoah axa — qa6a.Hbi, nacymie ckott* Ha MaTbip'b'Jlar'b, 
Cpe^H hhxi> ecxb TaKÎe, KOTopbie bckj cbok) }Kh3hb npose^H 

Hâ 3TÔM-b MtCTt, KOTOpOC HM*b TaKTi me XOpOUJO BHaKOMO, K3Kt 
H8M1> COÔCTBeHHH^i AHOP^ HJ1H CBR'h. Cli nOMOlUbK) 3THX1» JI10- 

Aefl, KOTOptie t KCTaxH cKasaTb, oqeHb apHatT^iMBH h ecer^a 
roTOBti oKasaTb ycjiyry, mokho otkputb MHoro w HeH3Btcrnbix'b 4i 
nemepi>, Mw caMH sa flByxAHCBHoe npeÔHBaHie Ha MBTbtp'b' 






— 231 — 



Harfc HaTbiKajiMCb Ma MHOriH oTBepcris, ee^ymis B-b noA3eM- 
nun uapcTsa. B-b oaho H3t> taKHxi, OTBepcTift h cnycTHJica, 
CHaïajia îne^rb 04eHb y3Kiiï xo^, KOxopbiH no Mtpt xoro r 
KaK-b h pa3MaTMBajn> BepeBKy, craHOBHJicfl lunpe HaicoHeiVb, 
bch MaHH.nbCKaa BepeBKa Buiu^a, a xoa^ ne KOHqaJicsr; 3aHHMiï 
oTKpuBajiacb nponaCTb. H fipocn.n'b KaweHb; qepea-b HtKOTopoe 
Bpewa pasAaJica ssytcb: KâMenb yaapujicH bo ^to-to TBepAoe, 
Aojimœo 6wTb o BbiCTyn-b; cnycrfl ciue HCMHoro naMCHb 6yn- 
TbixnyjicH bt> BOAy* Mtoôta opîeiiTHpoBâTbCH, a sauce rh Ht- 
cKOJibKO njiacrifH'E» MamiA a epociun» HX*b bt, Haaejiwkj xoth 
qïo-HHdyAb ysHA^Tb. Cs-tx-b cnfeniurb Mirb r;ia3a, a TeMHoxa, 
0Kpy>KaBtijafl mëhh Kasa^acb eme ôojtte HenponHuaeMOH. Mar- 
Hifî naiLajiin cropaa h He Aocxwrajrb no^Bbi, Hto xanxcn bt* 
9TOM-b uapCTBt TeMHOTbi? Kanan Kpacoxa CKpbiBâeTca bi> Hefi? 
Bce 3to mohcho 6ujio 6h yanaïb Cb aaxpaToio cawbix-bHeôojib- 
QjHX'b cpe^CTB-b* Ha h He B*b cpeACXBaxiï a^jio — bt> npeAnpi- 

tïM^MBOCTHl CTOHT-b 3TH J10A3eMHbîe ABOpUbI, H HHKTO He A€p' 

3aeTi» HapyiuHTb hxi, napCTBeHHtdfi ookom. H AOJiro, B'kpoHxHO, 

6yAyT"b cTOHTb oiih eme npn TOM-b paBHOAymiH, cb KoropbiM'b 

natue oômecxBO othocmtca ko BC&Wh Bruni* AparoutanbiM-b 

ASpaivi^ npHpOAH ! 

/7, flempoea* 



3KCKypCiH Wh KpbIMT» yHQKEWh 

>KeHCKHx-b r&Mflftsift, npenOAaBaTejibHHu-b h qjieHOB'b TopHaro 
K«iy6a, ycrpoeHHafl KpbîMCKO-KaBKa3CKHMb FopHHM*b KjiyôoM-b 

B*b liant 1909 r. 



>KcHCKasî 3KCKypcÎH KpbiMCKO-KaBKaaCKaro TopHaro Kjiy- 
6a, co 2-ro no 16-e iiojifl 1909 r. ncurb pyKOBoacTBOM'b Hneua 
Knyôa Ejtenu #KOBJieBHbi tOuHceen^, Bwfea^a H3*b Oaeccn 
no BwpaÔOTaHBOMy ripaBjreHieivn> MaptiipyTy, B'b kotophh bxo- 
jwmi ocMorp'b— CeBacTonojiH cb oKpecxHocTfîMM, BKjno^aîï cw> 
aa nonnny ptra Kann h CKirrb cb, AHacTaciH, 3artMT> 5 H3ii 
CeBaCTOnojiH bt> finry, m Moacapaxi,; ocMOTp-b Hjitu h ea 
OKpecTHOCTefi; BocxoïK^eHie na MaTbip-b-JIarb h B03Bpameme 
napoxoAQMT> h3t> Hjith B*b Oaeccy, Haï* ecero âToro Mapuipy- 
xa Booccm^eHie Ha HaTbTp F b-/lar'b #ojukho Ôujio ôuth Bbiny- 
uieno, 6jiaroja;apH cjiaGoctH m HeBbmocraHBOCTH aKCKypcaHTOicb, 
qTO H o6HapymHJiocb Bii nepBbte ahh nyieuiecTeifl, Tarç*b : B'b 
Ha^a.Tfe aKCKypcÎH, eme B'b CesacTono^ npHujjiocb oahht> 
^enb ynoipefîMTb Ha OTAbix'b, Bropon, ivfcjibtft £eHb OTauxa 
Ha.no ôbtno Hcnojib30BaTb bt> Jljrrfe, nocjrfe 3*x'b-£HeBHaro ny- 
TeinecTBÎH Ha MOjKapax-b, OKasa/iocb, hto BasiTan cb 3KCKyp- 
caHTOKiï na stott» pa3i> njiaxa, BT> 25 h 30 py6. t cjihiukomt» 
Ma«na ajia BbinoJiHeHia TaKoro oCuinpHaro Mapjupyra (ct> c;ia- 
6oh BKCKypciefl) ôviaro^apa TenepeuiHeft £ûporoBH3H"fc skbsbh 
h nepe^BHiKeHiflj B'b BH^y qero He^ocTaiomafl cyMMa 6un& bh- 
ijaHa, Kaicb nocodie, KpbiMCKo-KaBKascKEM'b fopHbiMT> Kjiyôûftrb, 

JXo MCHîl AOU1J1H OiyXH, HTO H'feKGTOpHfl H3T* y i iaCTHHU'b 

3KCKypciH BHpasca^H no npik3A"k HeyAOBO^bcme, mo MM-b 
nptiuiJiocb rojiojiaTb. Met, tcairb pyKOBOAHTe^bHHUt, oGhaho 
CJiHiuaTb no^oSHbiH cymjiem^, TaK*b Kaieb cb Moefi ctopohu 



— 233 — 

ÔUJIH npHHflTM BCk M*fepbï, HTOÔhl BCfe ÔbIJIH CbITbl H AOBOJIbHbï. 

>Ke^aiomia yAocxOB-fepKTbCH e-b Hecnpaee^jiHBocTH 9xnx*b aiy- 
xoB-h, 6;iaroBOJîïïrb no)KajiO&axb B-b KaimejjHpiïo KjiyÔa h npo- 

B-fepHTb BT* MOÉM-b QTWTfe, HtMli nHxajïacb SKCKypcifl BO BpeMH 

nyTetuecTBisî, h KaKie aanacn ôujik B3ïtTbi cb coôoîo. Hjih 6oJïb- 
meft hchocth npe^araio npocMoxp-fexb Mémo aaniicbiBaeMoe 
emejotHesHO ojiflOH H3t> aKCKypcaHxOK-b. 



OTHETt 

Hpffixo;vL* 

Orb 5-tm hjichob^ TopHaro Kjiyda no 30 pyô, . 150 p, — k. 

n 10-TM npeno^aBaTe^bRHu-b no 30 pyô, . . 300 „ — „ 

„ 1 -fi— (ocTajiacb bi> fljrrfe)— 25 py6. ..... 25 „ — „ 

„ 7-mh yneHaut-b no 25 py6. ...... 175 , — „ 

w 1-ïï yqeHHUbi 20 pyfi. .,.,.,...,, 20 „ — 9 

CyCcimifl KpHMCKaro FopHaro K;iy6 a 1 12 n 14 w 

BCErO . . 782 p 

flpo'tsA'b aKCKypcaHTOK'b Ha napoxo,zt*fe P. O- n, h 

T. „B. Kh. Kcemn" ox-b O^eccw ao CeBacxonojm. 100 p. 

Ofb JIjiTbi ao O^eccbï , 108 r 

Moacapbi OT-b CeBacxonojm ao S^tu 115 „ 

npo'fesA'b no )Keji„ AOp* ox-b CesacTonojiîi ao Bax- 

qfîcapaH h oôpaxno 32 tt 50 „ 

JluHePiKH TopHaro Kjiyda bt^ fl-TiT-fe 54 , — „ 

CrOHMOCTb nHIUH B-b xeMCHUi BC€fl 3KCKypClH . 240 „ 57 „ 
HSBOStïHKHj HOCMJlbmHKH, JÏOAKH, [|)a3T0Hbï, QO£- 

Bo^bi ahîi ôara^a » . 70 „ 45 * 

rijîaxa npucjiyrfe bt* noMtmeniH rat ocxaHaBJiH- 

Ba^iacb sKCKypciH h qaeBfeie . . 39 n 90 „ 

Te^erpaMMu • * . . G w 33 „ 

JloKTop*b h anxeica . , * , , 3 „ 54 m 

BiojiorHHecKas cxanuia B*b 06630X000/1% . . . . 4 „ 65 „ 

Hoqjierb bt* BafiAapaxi» ...... •■*•• 6 „ 25 , 

BCErO . . 782 p. 14 k. 



14 k. 



75 , 
20 , 



A/lbflÎMCKaH xpoHHKa, 



Cpe^M rpynnbi max^ MeTeopoJioroB'b BOBHHKjia mhcjiî* 
ycTpoHTb xopomo oôopyAOBâHiiyto SKcneAHuiio Ha EoAhtttoù 
Apapamh cb utJibïO ptuienia HfcKOTopbirrb Bonpocoe-b, iviaB- 
HbîMi> o6pa30Mi> no aKTHHOMexpiH, jAtomt» 1907 ro;u ZL <t>- 
HeaakpOB'b bi> cohpobojmghh crapuiaro môjiiojiarejiH th^jihc. 
ckoh oGcepBaTOpÎH 0. 3- lllTeMJiHHra, cOBepuiHjrb npe^sapH- 
TcnbHyio nofejiKy na B, Àpapan». B. h M, ApapaTbi npeacraB- 
aHiOT-b yAOÔHbie nyHKTK ajïh nponsBOActsa aHTHHOMeTpHHecKHx-b 
HaÔjnoAeHiH BCjrbACTBie ÔJiaronpîflTHaro oh m ara, cyxoern bos- 
ayxa h cpaBHHTejibHoïï /lencocTH ncwbeMa.. 3th loiHMaTimecKÎfi 
ycjiOBin sacraBHJiH MeîKAy npoqHMii K. OHrcrpeMa bo BpeMH 

CBOHX-b Hay^HbJX-b HSCJltAOBaHÎti, npOM-feHHTb AjIbOH H OCHO- 

BaTbcsr ajih HaôJiKxuemiï Ha TeHepH({r& (3683 4>.) : B, h M. Apa- 
paTtï >Ke npeACTaBflflKîT'b 6ji a retapa cBoeiï ôojibiueH BMCïrfe 
(5100 h 9800 m.) nyHKTbi eiue Gojite yaoÔHbie rjik HaôjuojieHift. 



Bii nepiOA'b PoiimecTBeHCKHX'b npasAHHKOB'b bt^ Mockb^ 
bo BpeMfl XII Chtsm EcrecTBOHcnbiTaTejieH h spaMefi ÔHjia 
ycipoeHa B*b 3£aHJH yHHBepcuTeTa sucmanKa no AAhmtHiuM\\ 
ycTpoeHHaa pyccKHM-b ropHbiwb OdmeCTBOMT> h npeAcfe£aTe- 
mwb ero A. K* (JjoH'b-MeKKOM'b. Ha stoh BbiCTaK'i btj HHQrb 
3KcnOHeHT0BT> y^acTBOBajrb raioKe KpbiMCKo-KaBKaacKiH Top- 
Htifl KjiyÔ-b, BbicxaBMBiiJÎiî cboh H3AaHia, ^ari, sHaneK-b Kjiy- 
6aj nJiaHM jiowHKa na KpacHoô IlojiflH'b, $OTOrpa£j>tH nemep-b 



— 235 - 

B-b KpHMy h npcmee, KpoM-fe npejiMCTOB-b eHapHncenifl Booôme 
a^bnHHHCTOB-b (nojifiMTMe rnosmMu canorn, Jiejiopyôu, sepee- 
kh, najiaTKH h npo^Jj 6w^h sKcnoHHpoBaHU o6pa3uw oôyBM 
Ty3eMueB*b Canin* > KaBKasa h Ohh^hhaïh, a Tairae mhofo (J)o- 
Torpa^ifî, KapTMH-b h Kaprb H;mîOCTpHpyK>iUHX'b ropw Bceiï 
Porcin, a OTwacxH TaK>ne Ajibnw^ rmviajiaH, KOTafiCKifi TsHb- 
IJJaHb h ropbi HoBoâ SeftjiaH.zuH, Bt ocoÔHx-b lUKanaxiï StrjiH 
BwcTae^eHbi paa^HHHbie npHÔopw : juih onpeA-kneHifl bhcotw ? 
TepMOMeipbij Chhokjih, noasopHtisî Tpy6bi 5 KOMnacu » npo^ee. 



31 fleKaôpH 1909 roua Hianb^HCKiM Ajibnift- 
ckim Kny6-b JiHiiiHJicfl o^Horo H3i> cbohxt, nnaB- 
Hbix'b ûtHrenefi. CKOH'iajicfl e-b Novara IIpe3H~ 
nemp Kny6a Comm. Ayt. Antonio Grober, 

noTpyflHBmificH Ha nonbsy Knyôa BTeneniH 

19 JïtTV. 



0<{)(|)MUia/ibHafl nacTb. 



OTHETb 

o BeHep'b, ycTpoeHHOM-b npaBJieHieirb KpfciMCKo-KaBKa3CKaro 
PopHaro Kjiyôa 22 HOHGpa 1909 roiia bi> 3a;iaxb KyneqeCKaro 
CodpaHia AJifl ysejiH^eHJa cpc^CTB-b Ha Ha ycTpOHCTBO yqeHM- 
4ecKHx-b 3KCKypcin h ApyrHx-b utflefi, npec^-b^yeMbix-bK^yôoM'b. 



llpux o$%. 



L Orb npoAaacH ÔHJiexOB'b 

2. noacepTBOBaHifl orb: rp. M. M. Tojictoro — 50 

py6 M kh. M, H, Ahapohhkoh— 25 pyô., B, FL 
AMHTpïeBofi — 25 py6.j E. C. HaoBaftCKoft — 8 
py6_ 50 Kon. f O. H» Hojijie — 5 pyô., ceMbH 
KaqypHHbix'b— 8 py6-, A. C. ûyHHHa— 5 py6 M 
B. Jl. JlacKapeea — 5 py6«, C, H. Tpetcica — 
5 pyô., 3. C. FypoBHHa —5 pyô., mcjikÎh no- 
}KepTBOBaHiH— 4 p. 49 Kon. . . . 148 

3. Ort npo^ajKH nporpaMMi* h pacnopsmirrejib- 

CKHXb SHa^KOBb ..,.-..- 43 

MifCTtJfl jtoxojrb orb npojtaKH inaMnancKaro . 38 

Mhctlih aoxojrb orb npOAa)KH uetTOBb , * , 33 

Mhcthh #oxoA*b orb Atryneû noqTbi 21 

Hmcthû £oxoa*b orb AaMCKaro 6y<jjeTa . . . . 20 



456 p. 10 k- 



99 



35 



50 



Hroro 



760 p. 94 k. 



— 237 — 






BjiaroTBopMTejibHbiH h repôoeun wapKH . < . 2,> p* -- k. 

2. 3 a sajrb KyneMecKOMy CofipaHiio 94 9 — „ 

3. OpKecTpy r. IUjiexTa 40 „ — „ 

4. 3. £L ypfiaeeKy Ha pacxo^H no yCTpoftCTsy 

KOHuepta „...«.. 21) fl - „ 

5. flpoKarb poa.iH , . . . . . . 12 m — „ 

6. KapeTH ■ . . 10 „ — M 

7. Mopo)KeHHoe .,....,...-.... 8 „ — „ 

8. Fle^âTaHie 6njieTOBi» m nporpaMM*b . . , . , 15 „ — „ 

9. Od-bHBJienie B-b raseiax-b . , , 29 „ 05 n 

10. ByKeTH , 12 „ — „ 

11. KûTH^bOH^ . , . , 36 * 31 B 

12. fleKopHpoeaHie 3aj*a, nepeB03Ka h nepenocKa 

Bemefi, Ha qafl npHoiyrfc h pa3HMM*b mn&wh 

h apyrie Mejnrïe pacxojjbi , . . 9 , 56 „ 



Htofo 



310 p, 94 k. 



Bi> ocTaTK'fe no^ynHjiocb KHctaro aoxoAa 450 py6., koto- 
pbic h CAaHbi KaananeK) K;iy6a B. K. KosjieHKo bt* Kaccy Kjiy- 
6a 24 Bonôpn 1909 r. nojrb KBHTaHuiio 3a N° 901. 

ripaB^ewie Kjiyfia CHHîaerb csoHM'b npiHTHbiM-b AOJirOM-b 

BbipaSHTb CBOH) HCKpeHHÏOH) npH3HaTe«flbH0CTb JmtXQWb, upnnu- 

MaBTUMM-b yqacTÎe btj Konuepri: E. H. >KepBe, K, I\ 3opH- 
hoS, O, H. MHJiyTHHO&oA, T. 4>. BpaMÔHJifla, XL M. BpanqaHy, 
3. IL yp6aHeKy, Aauaiurb narponeccaMi», pacnopflAHTejibHHuaM-b 
h pacnopsmHTejiflftrb seqepa, a Taicace bc%mt> jii&]xawb> onasas- 
iuhmij bt> toh hjih HHOH 4>opM*fc cOA"feftcTBie ycnkxy seqepa, 
pe^aKuiK O^eccKaro JlwcTKa, MaraaHHaM'b BpeflÔapxa, Hb. 
Maxa h nexpOKOKHHO. 

Ceicperapb À, AneHc/teez, 









— 238 — 

IIpOTOKOJI'b 

saabdautji UpasAmiM Kp.-RaQKas. Top h. I\A\6a 

10 ceHTfrôpa 1809 r. 

IlpMcyTCTBOBajiH: E. <t>. Mo;maHOB"b, B. JX* JlacKapea'bi 
T. M, TâncJwjibeB-b, B. K, Ko3JieHKO, A. K, A^eKcfeeBi>. 

npeAcbAaTejibCTBOBa.. T îTî Tob. npeAcfeAaTejiH E, 4>. Moji- 
qaHOBi>. 

no 'oTtcpbiTiH sackAanifl Tob. IlpenctaaTe^fl 6bi;ia rqjiq- 
>K€Ha npocb6a noapHjwnKa KJiyda B. M, TopôoBa o Bucujiicb 
600 pytijieft sa npoH3Be^eHHHe paôOTM no nocxpoHrfc AOMa 
Kjiyfia Ha Kpacnoft nojiHïrk. 

BfaicjiymaB"b nacroîimiH noKJiaR-h h ocB'bAOMHBiuHCb y 
KasHane» KjiyÔa o coctohhih Kaccu, npaBJieme noeTaHOBHJio: 

1) B*h BH,ay cn-fcumaro Tpedosatria noApflA4HKOM'B BHCbiJîKH 
^eHerbHsa GTcyTCTBieM*b Ha^H^HOCTH bt> KacctHHa TeRymeMi* 
cqerfe, BnpeAt no nGCTyn/ieHÏH cyMMbi OTKpwTb onepanîOHHbift 
cqeT-b nOA*b npou. CyMarH h BUcjiaxb nona 450 pyô., ajih *iero 
B3HTfa h^oahiuÎhch aa xpaneHiH B-b KOHTOpt FocyjiapeTBeHHaro 
BaHKa rocy^apcTBeHHtie ZlBOpHHCKaro 3eMejibHaro BaHica 3Vi% 
3aK^a^Hye jîhcth: Asa no 150 py6, sa NsKa 3/001115, 001116, 
Cb KynoifaMH Mafl 1909 r, h BoceMb no 100 py6. 3a MN* 
4 018984, 018985, 018986 Cb KynonaMH Mail 1909 r. h NsM 
106315, 064694, 092023, 052778, 052TÎ9 ct> TajiOHaMH 6e3T> Ky- 

nOHOBTï, 

2) BtJiueo3HaqeHHbifl npou. 6yMarH BbiKynHïb h bhccth 
oÔpaTHO he xpaneHie btj rocyAapCTBeHHbiH EaHKi>, Kor^a B*b 
Kaccfe Kjiyôa aaKonHTCH AOCTaTO^Hafl juin aroro cyMMa* 



npOTOKOJlli 

3actbdaHtM ripaeAeuijt EphtMCKo-KasK. ropuaw f\AyÔa 

21 oKTflCpH 1909 r. 

npHcyîCTBOBâ^H: T. H, TamjîHjibeB'b, B. J\* JlaCKapeB-b, 
B, A. HpoÔHHiïj A, K* AjieKCfceB-b. 



^H 



— 239 — 

npeactaaTejibCTBOBaJi'b E, 4>. MojiqaHOB'b. 

t) npeACfcxaxeJibcxByioimfi AOJiosKHJTb npaBJieniio, mo 28 
ceHTfiôpsï Ew IlMmpamopcKQMy BeAunecmey rocydapfo Mmiu- 
pamopy bt> JlHBaaiH HM-fcjia cnacxbe npeitCTaBJiflTbcsî aenyTauifl 
KpbiMCKO-KaBKaaCKaro TopHaro Kjiyôa bt> jihu% ripeackaaTe/m 
JljiTMHCKaro GT^tJieHiH K;iy6a A. T. TaHKGBaro, h HJieHa npaB- 
jiema Kjiyôa HHpeKxopa Ajixhhckoh THMHa3iH r. Fyxbapa. He- 
nyxauiH nojiHerjia Eto fÎMmpamopacoMy BeAunecmey Tocyàapm 
I Lumpamopy pejibec})^ io?KHaro 6epera Kpb*Ma. 

npaB,fieHie nocxaifOBHJio HcnpQCHB'b pasp-kineme t\ Mhhk- 
CTpa HMnepaTOpCKaro ABopa Haneqaxaxb bt> 3anncKax*b Kiiyôa 

O TEKOM-b BattCHOM'b COÔHTiM BT> >KH3HH K^y6a. 

2) Zlo^o>KeHa d^iaro^apeoCTb noqexiiaro n^eea K;iv6a H. 
B. norreHnom sa npHCMHHbie oxijtjibHbie oxxhckh ero cxaxbH. 

3) nonexHWM MJîeHiï K;iy6a 4\ J\. Be6ep*b coofiimurb cnH- 
cokt> pa6oxT>, npHroxoBJieHHbix'b ajih XII cb*fe3,na ecxecxaûHcnbi- 
xaTejien h epaneH bt> Mockb% h npe;yiaraex*b HasnanHxb ero 
npeACTaBHxe.ieM'b ox-b KpbiMCKO-KaBKa3CKaro ropearo tûyda. 
npaBJieme noexaHOBHJto H3st:x*rrb 4>, JX. Beôepa, hto KpoMt 
Hero, «a c-b-fea^-fe ôy^x-b xaK»ce ox-b FopHaro Kjiyôa HJieHbi 
npaBJieHifl npo4>eccopa TaH0HjibeBT>, JTaCKapeBi> h ceicpexapb 
ÂJieKcfceB'b. 

4} IlpHHsxo K"b cb hjxbn m cooômeHÎe H/ixHucicaro OxA"fe- 
-flenifl o hobuxii q;ieHâx*b. 

5) BbiotyinaHo npeÂ^oweHie jitHCTBBxejibaaro HJitna Kviy- 
6a npo4>eccopa JleBîUHHa o 6e3B03Me3^HOM , b 0Ka3anîH nepBo- 
Hana^bHOH XHpyprHnecKofî noMoiun Ha KpacnoH noJiflH'fe aicc- 
KypcaHxaM'b KptiMCKO-KaBKaacKaro TopHaro Kjiyôa. 

FIpaBJieHie rrocxaHOBHjio 6jiarûaapHXb. 



TlpOTOKOJll. 

sacibôanix Onepeànmo Coôpauîjt ha$uq$* KphiMCKo-KaëKascKazo 

FopHmo K-*y6a 

21 oKTsrôpH 1909 r, 

FlpHcyxcBBOBajjH E, A. Jlpo6Hbiiî t B, J\, JlacKapeB-b, I\ 
H. TaH(tm:ibeB*b 1 E. C HjioBaftcKasi, B A. Bayspii, r* CapaH- 
^HiiaKM, H. X. Xom€hkOj r. BaCHJieHKû, noqexHbjH q^en-b Kjiy- 









— 240 — 

6a noneHHTeJîb CUeccicaro yqeôHaio onpyra r. lUepôaKOB^ 
r. CoKOJiOBa, A, K. A/ieKcteBiî, r, BpauJiaBCKifê, r\ Koemapoea, 
r. MoKpîïcemdiî, Jl. J\. B*fejiotnnmriH, q/teHM cgxpyahhkh h rocxH. 
npe^cfe^aTêJibCTBOBaji'b E. <£>. MojinaHOB-b. 

1) B-b naqajrfe sacfe/iaHÎH npeAct^aTe-ibCTByioiuift aojio- 
WHJi'h o CMeptH 6uBuiaro HJicHa PeBUaiOHHOâ Kommhccîh Ajick- 
câH^pa HHKOJiaeBH^a ParosHHa h npciUïOHCHJrb nonxHXb naMsiTb 
nOKOHearo BCTaBameMT>, 

2) HjieH-b Kjiy6a A, H, KHpuqeHKO CAt^aji-b cooômenie 
na TeMy: „not3;iKa bi> Tajibiun* m b^o^b PyccKO-nepcHACKOiî 
rpaHHUbi", B^b coofimeniH cBoeroi» ROKjiajmm'h, nn3HaKOMK^i> 
coôpaHie Ch reorpattmqecKHM'b no;io>KenieM'b MtcTHOCTH^ ea 
K^HMaxoM-b, Hapo^oHacejieeieM'b, (JîJiopoH, $ayHofij yKa3ajn> 
xaiŒe h Ha HCTopiio n3Cjrb/i,0BaHm .aaHHaro Kpan« 

Cooômeme HJiJiiocTpHpoBajiocb KapTHHaMH cb noMombio 
nposKuioHHaro <J)OHapH h Bbi3Ba/io 3HaHHxe;ibHbiH HHxepecb 
cpeAH H/ieHOB-b K/iy6a. Bi> npemHX*b npHHïuw yqaciie npotjieccop'b 
F, H, TaHtJmjibeB-b, r. Baouiemco h A. H. KpmirraiJJOBHq'b. 

3acfe,naHïe 6mjio saKpbixo B-b Uï 1 /* lac- Benepa 



IlpOTOKOJlTi 

âacfàdcmU npWBAiHia KpbtMCKo-RaeKmcKazQ I opuazo Kryôa 

3 AeicaôpH 1909 iojul 

npHcyTCTBOBa^K : B. A, JIpoÔEîMHj B. Jl» JlacKâpeB-bj B* 
K, KoajïeHKO, F. H* TaH^w^^^ 30 ^» A, K, AjieKckeB*b, 

npeAct^aTe^bCTBOBa^-b E, $>. MojmaHOB-b. 

!} JIo^oiKeH'b h yTBepacneH'b npoxoicojrb 3acfcnaHifi ox^ 
30 ceuxHÔpH 1909 nxua. 

2) noCTaHOBJieHO npHHAXb npe^JiOiKeHie pe^aicum HtypHa^ia 
«Aapo h ABxoMoSujibHaH mH3Hb'\ B ABxoMOÔHJib h ABHraxejib", 
n 3anHCKH HMTIEPATOPCKArO PyccKaro TexHimecKaro 06- 

lUeCTBa" OÔ'b OÔM'feH'fe H3^aHi51MH H OÔTïflB/ieHÎflMH. 

3) Ptuieno Haneqaxaxb B*b oaho$ HS'b M%cxHbix'b rasexii 
oÔ'bHB^eHie SIjiTHHCKaro Or.a'bjieHifl o xoprax-b na npaso $OTOrpa* 
4)HpoBaxb bo BpeMfl 3KCKypcitî KJiyÔa- 

4) OpMHHxo K-b cB'bA'bHiio H3B*femeHie o HOBbix'b qjieHax'b 
JI/txHHCKaro OxatjieHisï Kjiyfia, 






-241 - 

I 

BieneHie OKTîiôpfl, Honôpsi h nemôpH 1909 r. bt> 6h- 
6^ïOT6Ky KpbiMCKû-KaBKasCKaro TopHaro K/ry6a nociy- 
iihjih Cii^yiomie khhfh h >KypHajibi: 

A) OTeiecTuemiiiie. 

1) SanMCKH HMnepaTOpCKaro PyccKaro TexHHieCKaro Ofî- 
tuecTBa, t. XUII, JftA6 89» 9 — 10, 1909 ft 

2) Tpyatt BaKHHcKaro Qj^jiemn HinnepaxopcKaro Pyo 
CKaro TexHjmeCHaro OâmecTBa. Bwn. 5— G, 1909 r* 

3) 3atiHCKH no FHaporpacjHH. Bun, XXX. 

4) HsBtcTin reoJtoruqecKaro KoMHTeTa. 1908 ro/n». Tomti 
XXVII, NkNî 5; 6; 7; 8; 9 ? 

H3B-BCT1H HMnepaTopcKaro PyccKaro Teorpac^HtiecKaro 
OômecTBa. Tomt, XLÏV, buiï, X, Tomt> XLV, Bwn. IV — VI 
m IX, 

6) SanHCKH KaBKa3CKaro OTAtjia HMnepaTopcKaro Pyc- 
cKaro reorpa(j)H4ecKaro OômecTBa, Khh/kkh XXVL Bbin, 5; d, 

7) HsstCTisi KaBKascKaro OTjrtjia HwnepaTOpCKaro Pyc- 
cKaro reorpa4>MHecKaro 06mecTBa. ToM-b XX, Ne 1 1909 r, 

8) MsB-fecTiH TypKeeraHCKaro Oxiï'fejm reorpa^HnecKaro 
OGiuecTBa. npHJioïKeme K-b VI TOMy. 

9) HaB'bcTifl OômecTBa nmôurenek H3yqeHifl KyôaHCKoiî 
oôjiacm Bwn. IV, 1909 r. 

il) HaB-fecTiH MocKOBCKaro Cc^bCKO-XoaaHCTBCHHaro Hh- 
CTKTyTa. Voji'h XV. Kmtra 2-n; KHMra 3-a; 1909 r. 

12) HepHOMopcKoe Ce.ifaCKOe Xosahctbo, JVb 7 — 8, 9- — 10, 
1909 r. 

13) 3anHCKH HMnepaTopcKaro OÔmecrsa CeJibCKaro Xo- 
ssïftcTBa ICîKHOft PoccÏh, Ks 5—8, 1909 r. 

14) YpajibCKin TexHHK-b. ffeJfi 7, 3, 9, 10; 1909 r, 

15) Finland. The land of a thousand lakes. Helsingfors, 
1909, 

16) TuristfOreningen i Kinland. Aersbonfor 1909, 

17) ycTaBiï ToMCKaro OômecrBa j*3yqeHiH CHÔHpn. 

18) 3eM^estAtHie t 1909 r. kh, II l 

19) XII C*ht3Rb pyccKHx-b EcTecTBOHcnwTaTeJieft h Bpa- 
neft bb Mockb%. 

20) A + 3aîiueB*b kt> fleTporpaijrïH KpbiMa* 






- 242 — 

B) II îlot-Titan Hue : 

I ) Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, Bul- 
letin Nq XW* 

2) Economies séries N° 13, 

3) Procerdings of the Àcademy of Natural Sciencos of Phi- 
ladelphïa. 

4} Volume LX, Part m Julito December, 1908. 

5) Frum the Smithsonian Report for 1907, MN» 1837, 1831, 
1838-40, 44,54. 

li) Bulletin of the American Geographical Society. VoL XLI 
N°N° 9; 10; IL 

7) United States Geological Survey: 

al Professional Paper 59. 

b) Bulletin: MJft 350; 368; 371; 373; 376; 378. 

c) Water-Supply Paper 223, 225. 

8) Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phi- 
ladetphia. Volume LXL Part L 1909. 

9) Pepert on the Progress ànd Condition of the CL S. Na- 
tional Muséum for the Year ending June 30, 1908. 

10) The Journal of the Manchester Geographical Society. 
Toi XXX Part 1>\ 1908. 

11) Bulletin Pyrénién XiV-e Année, t&Së 81; 82, 1909, 

12) Bulletin de la Société de Géographie Commerciale de 
Bordeaux. 35-e Année, JVs 1909, M IL 

18) Bulletin de la Société Ramond. Tome 111, Ne 3, 1908, 

14) Bulletin de la Société D'Etudes des Hautes Alpes. 
Vïng-Septiéme Année, fë 20, 1908. 

15) L'Echo des Alpes. 45-me Année. N2N2 10; 11; 1909. 

16) La Montagne, 5-me Année Ns 8, 1909, M IL 

17) Revue Alpine, 15- e Année. Ne 10j Ms IL 

18) Revue des Alpes Dauphinoises. 12-e Année N* L 

19) Union Géographique du Nord de la France* Bulletin 
1908 29-me Année, 4-e Trimt-stra. Bulletin 1909, 30-me Année, 
1-er trimestre. 

20) Bulletin de la de la Société Botanique de Genève. VoL 
I. JtiNv 6; 7; 8. 

21) Alpina, N*No 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 1909. 

22> Mitteilungen des Deutschen und ûesterreichischen Al- 
penvereins. Nitffc 10; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 1909. 

23) Mitteilungen ans dem Jahrbuch der Kônigl. Ungari- 
schen Geoiogischen Anstalt. XVII. Band, L Heft. 






— 243 — 

24) Ûaterreichische Alpenzeitung, N?M 795; 796; 797, 1909, 
Ks 7—9, 8, 7-9. 

25) Fflldrajzi Kôzlemények, Vol- XXX VIL Ut?- 1—2. 190ÎU 

26) Naturkundig Tijdschrifi vnor NéderJandsch-Indie. Deel 
LXVUh 1909. 

27) Alpi Giulie. Anno XIV, J» 5; 6; 1909. 

28) Balle ttîno délia Società degli Àlpinieti Trirtentina. An- 
no VU N* 5, 1909. 

29j Bollettîno délia Soc età Geografica Italiana. Série IV, 
Toi, X. M 10; 11; 12; 1909. 

30) Rendicondo delP Àecarîemia délie Scienze Fisische e 
Matematische, Vol. XIV. Fasciecolo 8°a 12*. 1908, Vol, XK, 
Fascïeolo 1° e 2 U , 1909. 

31) Rïvista del Club Alpino Itatiano. Vol, XXVLIL N° 10, 1 1 . 

32) Boletin de la Real Socitdad Geografica. Tomo VI. Ne 9; 
10; 11; 1909, Tomo LU 3-er trin. 1909, 

33) Butlleti del Centre Excursionista de Calanya. AnyXIX. 
NbJ* 175; 176; 1909, 

34 * Butlleti del Centre Excursionista de la Comarca de 
liages. Any V. NsNb 32; 33; 34; 35. 

£5) Boletin de Agriculture. Ano ffl, NeNs 14; 15; 16; 17; 18. 

36) Planinski Vestnïk. Leto XV. Ster 8, 9, 10, 1909. Le 
to XVI, U 

37) Slowansky Turista Rocnik 1, Culo 2,3, 1909. 

38) Ouvrages sur les Mathématiques. (Catalogue), Paria 1909. 
39J Jahr shericht der Kûniglich Uugarischen Geologischen 

Reichsanstalt far 1907. 

40) 93 Jahresbericht der Natnrforsciieuden Gesellachaft in 

Emden," 1907— 1908. 

41) Bulletin des Séances de la Soc. Nationale d'Agriculture 
de France M» 8, 1909. 

42) Alpine Journal. JS6 180, 

43) Botaniska notîser, 1909. 

44) Mitteilungeu des NordbtJhmischen Excursïons-Klubs, 32 
Jahrgang. 1909. 

45) Revista Portugueza. -Ne 145, 14*î, 147, 1909. 



OTRpHTa no^iuicua ira 1910 roa-L 

HA E^EM-feCHHHblR TEXHMHECKlPi HCYPHAJTb 



3AnMCHH 



tt 



HBDEPATOFCKArO PYCCKAPO TEXHHHECK. OBIECTBA 

1910. (CopOKT* HÊTBepTHH rO£l> M3^aHlH). 1910. 

Bo nnaB'fe w 3anHC0K-b HMneparopcKaro PyecKaro TexHH- 
^ecKaro 06mecTBa* etonT-b PeAaKuioHHbin KoMUxerb H3-b npe/i- 
cTasHTe^en Bctxt OTA-knoB-b 06mecTBa: I-ro — XtiMimecKaro, 
Il-ro— MexaHMuecKaro, llJ-ro — CTpoHTeJibHaro, IV-ro — BoeHHa- 
ro h MopCKoro, V-ro — ^OTorpatjmqecKaro, VIro — SjieKTpHMe- 
cKaro, Vll-ro— Bo3Ayxon;iaBaTe,7!bHaro, VW-ro — }Kejrfc3HOAo- 
poMcnaro, IX-ro — no TexHHqecKOMy oôpasoBaHito, X-ro — CeJib- 
cko - TexHHqecKaro t Xl-ro — ripoMbiiiïJieHHo3KOHOMHqec!caro, 
Xll-ro— CoaMctbih TpyAy, XUJ*ro — FopHaro. 

OchobhoE cBoeô aa^a^eâ ^BanHCKH MMnepaTOpCKaro Pyc- 
cKaro TexHHHecKaro OdmecTBa" crasHT-b oTpajKeHie nay^Hofl 
h npaKTHHecKOH jrBHTe;îbH0CTH H. P, T. OômecTBa trb ero 
13 Ota^^mh bt> C.-rïeTep6yprfc h 34 HHoropQAHbiMH OxA'k- 

JieHlîlMH. • 

Bt> fl 3anHCKax-b" nenaTaKjrcsï AOKJiaAH, HHTaHHbïe *ijieHa- 
mh H, P. T, O., omeibi o 3acfe£aHi?x'b Co-B'feTa 06mecTBa,ero 

OTA'BJlOB'b H MHOrCRHCJïeHHbJX'b KOMMHCCÎft. OTKpbITÎe B"b nO- 

cji-feAHie ro^bi npn H. P. T. O* Tpex-b hobhxi^ orA^-nos-b XI, XII* 
XU1 Aaerb B03MO>KHOCTb pacuiMpHTb coAep>KaHÎe fl 3anHC0K-b" 
AOK^aAaMH no paôoqeMy sonpocy, no BonpocaMTî rocy^ap- 
CTeeHHaro xosaflcTBa h no oômHpHofl QTpacjiH npOMbiiiiJieHHQ- 
cth ropHoaaeoACKOH, 

C-b 1908 roAa B*b ^SanMCKax-b" neqaTaioTCH nephiUJ^ecKH 
nSKOHOMHHecKiH OÔosp'feHisi", Aaromifl xapaKTepHCTHKy ofimaro 

C0CTOHHÎ5I K HanpaBjieHÎH pa3BHTÎfl TOprQBJÎH, npOMbllllJieHHQCTH 

h AGHe>KHaro puHKa, 



BULLETIN 

du Club Alpin de Crimée 

et du Caucase. 




3AT1HCKH 

HpbiMCHO-HaBHa3CHaro 
TopHaro Kny6a 






OflECCA 



1910. 



^"^ 



Uû BbinVCKÎ.. 



^-tseT.~="~ n 



OHECCA. 

ÎHn. JI. Hbtiic, yv. KoHflpateHKo, (6mbui. nom».) I* 90. 

I«10. 



C0A€?^^3€. 



CrpaH. 

H. J. AnuieAecb. rio ropaiib KaBKa3a . 3 — 28 

9. IIIaKAemoHh. Kb K»KHoiiy nojiiocy 29—44 

7". H. no;u>eM-b Ha Afl-neipa 45—47 

AjibniflcKaa xpoHHKa 48 — 

OcJxJmuiaJibHaH wacTb 49 68 



<$> 



Ilo ropaivi"b KaBHaaa *)« 



Ht 3 ji i» p y c y. 






B*b 47 eepcTax-b ott> CTawuiH KoTJispeBCKoft, nocpeAH îkii- 
BOnHCHtJX'b âapxaTHbix-b xojimob^ bts soieHH ca^OBi-, pactoiey- 
jiacb ôojxbmasï cjioôojja HajibqHKT*, na KpacMBWx-b oÔpbiBbrcTbtx-b 
Ôeperax-b QAHOHMeHHOH ropHOM p-feitH. HajibmiK*b — aAMMHHCxpa- 
THBHHfi aeHTpi> rpoMa^Haro HaabqHHCKaro OKpyra TepcKon o6- 
aacTH, BM-femaiomaro bt> ceSt Bojibtuyio h Manyio Kaôapay h 
5 ropHbtx-b oômecTB-b, \dthu\hxch no yâKMM'b ymejibHM-b Kaa- 
KascKaro xpeôxa, Oioâoaa ch (SoJibiiiHM'b ôyaymHftrb, 6jtaro^a- 
pa cBoeMy qapyiomeMy KJiHMaiy 11 TOMy, hto ona HBJifleTCH 
ueHTpoM'b oôuiHpHaro m HpeaBbHaiÎHQ fioraTaro icpan. Mtcxo 
no.io^veHïe HajibHHKa BecbMa y^aiiioe. Oht> «neiKHT'b Ha CKpe- 
meniii BcfexT> AOpon>, cnyacaioiUHxcsi c*b rop'b h pa36traK> 
mHxcfl no Kaôap^HHCKHM'b cTenflM'b, MnpHbie, rpauio3Hbie neii- 
3a}KH OKpecTHOCTea HajibHHKa 3aKanHHBaioTCH Ha &ajieKOWh ro~ 
piiaoHTt rpaHAÎ03HOil nanopaMOH cepe6po-KyApHxi> BemïKanoB'b 
KaBKasa. To MpaHHbie, KOr^a Ha Hx-b Mawywicfc HacfeAaiorb na- 
jieBbia Tytm, to HpKQ~BecejiLie ? cojiHeHHbie, ohh MaHsrrb *rb ce6% 
h OMapOBHBaioTi», 30ByTTi C03epuaxb cboh KpacoTH, ôjiaroroB'feTb 
h npeiciioHHTbCH ripea-b cbohm-b Be^HnieM-b-. 

H3i> Ha.ibmiKa, Kaxii 113^ uenTpa, paBÔtraioTCH paAÎycaMH 
AOporïi B-b iix-b TaHHCTBeHHHfl n%Apa. OTcio^a h Jiymue Bcero 



*) Dana ïi3i» MaBi> MacTonmtix-b oqepKOB-b («CbuiTpaH-b-KeJib») noMfciue* 
na bo BTopoirb Bhinycict ■■3nnHCOKb» aa 1909 roAb, 



— 4 — 

npeanpHHHMaTb BKCMypdÈ ht* H/iaBHOMy XpefiTy... B-b wa^aji-b eb- 
rycra h nauia rpoMos^Kan 4*yp a > aanpaaceHHafl napofô Mcajuaix-b 
KiiAM-b, nocjit Ao ji rHX'b c6opoB*b h cnopôB-bj ABHHyjiacb, naKo- 
Heirb, bt> nyxb — B-b BoauieÔnhifl aefipH rop^b. B-b (jjyproH'fe Ha 
MtinKax-b h MeMo^aHax-b cHA'bJio narepo TypHcros-b — 3 aaM-b 
h 2 MyKHHH'b. OcTaBuieecH Mtcro aaHHJi-b oônmpHbift daraarb. 
Mbi npexycMOTpHTe^bHO CHapE^a™ cboô noxo^Hbifi aomt» B-b 
ijojirifî h onacubiK nyrb. Hunero HS'b TOro, ito MOJKeT-b raicb 
mm HHane npHroAMTbca bt, nyTemecTBiH He 3a6biTO ndMB. Tyrb 
h M-feiiiKH xjit6a, h caxap'b, h Kpyna; kotcakh, BepeBKH, 4* * 
napbj arrreica h npo^. 

HtCKO^bKO B3MaxoBi> KHyTa crapuica M3B034HKa h Gt^bie 

AOMHKH CAOâOAH — HaJIb4HKl>^ p efl HblJIb H rpfl3b OCTaJIMCb no3a~ 

jtH — Mti e-b dearpanH^Hofi crenH, mu B*b paBHHHaxi> BojibiuoH 
Ka6ap^bî* floJiHNH coaaua, UBtiOB^b m *ch3hh CTeim Bo.ibiuoii 
KaôapAbi uiHpoKHM'b MflrKHM-b no.noroM'b noKpmm cfcaepHyio 
TTOKaTOCTb PjiaBHaro KaBKa3CKaro xpeÔTa, HHcrraaaH ct> 3ana£a 
Hâ BOCTOK-b orb AByrjiaBaro UJaTa jxo 6yiïHbix*b TepeKa h 
Ma^KH, 

noBopaHHBaeM-b na sana^-b m t^ern* no nymncTOfi aejieHOîi 
CKaTepm B^ 3 BepcTaxi* otts Hajïb^HKa sôpoA'Bj nepenpaBjm- 
eMC3 ^epea^b coHHbrii noroivb LUajiyuiKy. Cmhcjits Hassanm 
P^hkh He Jienco nojmaeTCa 06'bHCïïeHiio* Ona BbiTeKaerb H3*b 
3e/ieHaro xojjmh, jm>Kamaro tcb aana^y orb Ha.ib*iHKa + Topa na~ 
3bïBaeTCîi Ulajiyxaiiixa h orb Hesi KadapAHHubi npoH3BOAflTi> 
nasBame p'feqKH, PyccKie me sry ntcrh npHnHCbîBaiorb CBoefi 
jBOôp'fcTaTejibHOCTH, yTBep^KAafl, hto Ulajiyx'b, UlaJiymKa, *ma- 

JlOBJIHBafl 11 — KJIHIKHp'fcHKH — BCfe npOHCXOAffTb ott* rviarojia ma- 

jiMTb, H A^CTBHTejîbHO, LUajiyxa — acaJiKaa p-fe^iyuiKa bi> Torb 
MOMeHT'b, Koraa mu ee nepet3>Ka™, jno6nrb tnajiHTb h majinib 
3Jio h onacHO* H%>kho >tcypqamafl, npoô'braH no KaMyiiiKaMT> bt> 
no^yACHHufi SHoii, ntcnio, npo cienb h co^huc, OHa, Koraa bi* 
ropax-b paspa^aeTCH 6yp», noxpacan ropu h &ojih — nepe- 
nojiHfleTCH bo^oîI, MyTHoft, K^OKOuyEieft, 6tmeHHO boh, mmhtch 
no paBHHH-b a, y6'fe»taB'b H3i> CBoero ^o^a, CMeTaeT^, si? 6e3- 
yMHOMTï nopHB'fe, BCTp-fe'ïaiomïecH «a nyTH mocth, caKjiH, CKorb. 
Dji^bo on? Aoporn, s-b Kyo^i 3e^eHH yronaioTii 6tjibia 
caK,iïi ayjia KoiuepOKOBO» a HtcKo^bKo noo^a^ib orb Hero, ki* 
loro-BOCTOKy, CHH^eT-b doJibuiOH ay^-b UJap4aH0B'b t pasôpocan- 






— ;> — 

HHH y noaoïiJBbt jitcHCTbïx-b rop-b. 'Bacwb sce cxenbio, Jlertriâ 
Btiepoicb aohochtt* ao nacb oTAajieHHHÔ ryjrb w 6oJibmotf bo- 
Abi", npMÔJiMiKaeMCfl icb ptmck Boti> mm yate y QKOJiHUbï ôo/ib- 
moro Ka6apAHHCKaro ayjia KyAeHetOBQ h E%jibie AOMa ch Kpa- 

CHBHMH Ma/lCHbKHMH OKHaMH CO CTaBHflMH, OKpyHteHHblH HaB-fc- 

caMH Ha KpauieBbïX'b CTO/iÔKKax'b» TOHyrb b-b nbiuiHbixi> ca^a^^- 
Ayjn> pasôpocani, Ha jiLbomij depery pttoî HareMa, 3xo 6o;ib- 
iuag, p-feiiKaa no mupoT'b ropnan p-fena. Eh jioxce CBbime nojiy- 
Bepcxbi. E^WHaH ptKa paacbinajiacb Ha MHoaœcTBO MyTHUx-b p-fe- 
lem»; Ka>KAa« h3t> HHX'b 6tmHTi> no coÔCTBenHOMy pycAy, to 

3A*fcCb, TO TaMTa Ha OÔlUHpHOMTs npOCTpaHCTB^ MaTepHHCKaTO 

KaivieHHaro Jioma— BsaHMHO neperuieiasicb, cKpemHBancb, cxo- 
AflCb, pacxoflHCb. Moctobt* qepe3-b HereM-b H-fcrb, nepenpaBJia- 
eMCH B-b ôpoA'b. OôopBaHtibîH, 6e33y6btH crapHK'b-KaôapAHHeii'b 
ctohtt> y p-feicM h 3a3fejBaiome Mauiert pyKâMH, npeAJiarafl cboh 
ycayra bt> Ka^ecTB-fe npoBOAffHKa, On-b bbïcoko noAHsurb 4>ajiAi>ï 
cfeparo fieuiMeTa, Bbime Ko;rfeH'b aaKaïa/rb jioxMOTbfl 6pK>K-b h 
yCTpeMHJica B*b ôyniyiomyio ptKy, 

0yprOH-b Me^JieHHO nonjiejica 3a HH*rb. flpaxjiufi npoBOA- 
hhkii cMtJîO nepeçbKajrb 6ypHbie ïigtokHj wbcraMH no noncb 
yxOAfl bt> ciy^eHHyio BOAy. Ont* cTapaeTca yKa3aTb naM-b ca- 
MH a ôesonacHbisî h Her/iyôoKia M%cTa ? yARHHAH h 6e3T> Toro 
AJiHHHyio nepenpaey, Eme H-fecKO^bKO nocjrkAHHx-b 3Hr3aroBTs h 
Ufctj HaKOHeui», oMyTH^HCb na cyxoM-b Ôepery. noc:rfe Heôo^b- 
uioro no^TaCMa onHTb nouuia Ta ate ôesrpaHH^Hafl CTenb, H%- 
CKoJibKo BJiteo orb M-fcCTa nepenpaBbi, yHce Ha npasoM'b 6epe- 
ry, BH^HteTCH, CKpbiBatomiHCH, B*b 3eJieHH f 2-fl Ky^eneTOBCKifi 
ayjrb. y Hameii AOporH HeôoJibHiasï onomaAKa» BpoA*k TpatraieiL 
Pa^OM'b- MepTBoe AepeBo» cjiobho ct> MOJibGoiï npocTHpaiomee 
kti rojiyôOMy neôy ô'knun sacoxmin pyKH. rioAHoatbe Tpyna 
06^0 me ho KaMHHMH h oÔHeccHO HesHCOKoâ HBOBoii HsropoAbio. 
HeBAa^eK-fe MorHJibHbiïï CTO^ôia çb BbiÔHTMMH Hâ KûMH'b apâô- 

CKHMII nHCbM6HaMH H pHCyHKaMH. CBîOUeHHOe ACpeBO H CBfl- 

meHHaH Mormia cBHTOro. CïOAa, bt* MycyjibMaHCKie npasAHHKii 
cii oKpecTHbix'b nojieu h jrfecoB'h cb"fe3>KaioTCH npaBOB'bpHbie 

KâÔapAHHUW nOK^OHHTbCH CBHTOMy npaxy H H3JlHTb CBOH MQJlb* 

6bi h HaAe>KAbi npeAb> o^yxoTBOpeHHHM'b napCAHoâ 4>aHTa3ieâ, 
ceflTHM*b AepesOM-b A^jiaxa. Oahhoko cto»tt> btu HansHtie pe- 
4HKBÎH Mycy^bMaH-b nocpeAH 6e3KOHeuHbix'b ayroB^» m Jinoib bt» 






— 6 — 



p-fe^Kte ahh B03Ayx-b orjiauiaeTCH 3eyKaMM coten-b rojiocoe'b, 
c^BuneH'b Mo^HTBeHHbiii inonorb mniibi, npoTH^Hoe n-fenie Myji- 
jua no^T> aKKOMnaHMMeHTiï npHôoa BOJiH-b iirapoKaro Hereiwa, 
noBepHyBiuHCb ^Ht^oM-b K-b p^K%, Mbi co3epuaeM-b KpacHByso 
no/inyio MHpa h cnoKOHCTBia, KapxHHy; Ha aBaHcueHt îkhbo- 
iîhcho paaiOAo»ceKHbie KyAeHeTOBCide ayjibi, 3a hhmh, Ha dap- 
xaTHOM'b 4>OHt rrenefi, paAw nbiumo pa30A*fcTbix-b jrfecaMH rop- 
hmxtï KpHHceô. Jlwmnoik 3*fr3arooÔpa3Hoiï mmen aaMbinaiorb 
ohh HCûô'bHTHbiH ropHaoBT-b, MtcTaMH npepbiBaeTca xeMHo-3e- 
jfeHaa rpa^a — oôeapyjiCHB'b Ha aa^Heivrb rmant npHHy^^HBbia 
o^epTamn hobhxt> ropmatx-b utnefî. >Kry^ee comme, cTOnmee 
bhcoko bi> 6e3û6jia4HOMT> neô-fe, BbiabiBaerb k-b 3km3hh CoraTyio 
Hrpy CB-fera h rbneu; «picie jiyqH ero npopHBaioTCH ckbosb ro- 
jiy6oft AbiMOK-b, OKyTbtBaiomiH BepumHbi rop-b cB-feT-roMH }KH3He- 

pa^OCTHHMH nflTHâMH, paSCbinaflCb nO &OJimi£LWh, p*B3KO BblpH- 

coBWBaacb na cacJjbHH'fe aJibnifîcKHXT> JiyroB-b. flopora KpyTO 
noBopaHHBaeT-b na aana.n'fe, llo jrkByfo pyxy BH^H-feeTCH pflAi> 
cfepbix'b nupaMH^-b. B-b H-kCKOJibKHx-b caïKeHHX'b oti> hhxIï ocra- 
HaBJWBae&rb JiomaAefô, cji-fesaeM-b ct> 4>yproHa, ^toôh no6;in>Ke 

03HaKOMHTbC3 Cb OpHnmaJIbHblMU nOCTpOHKaMH. M31i TbMH B^- 
KOBTî npeiVb H3MH BCTBK)Th fïOSaÔblTbie, B'fepOSÏTHO, H^KOr^a BC- 
.IHKlfl, CTapHHHHH MOHUIH. Hxi> IIHTb t AB% CTOHTb pH^OMls H3 

poBHOH creriH, Tpn HeBAafleicfe Ha Kypran'fe. OaMïïTHMKH aboh- 
Karo THna : oahh npeACTaBJisnoT-b coôoâ KpacHBbm 6auiHH, cjio- 

5KeHHblH M31> OrpOMH b!X r b CtpbîX*b lUIHTl), BbICOTOfl CaïKeHH AB^, 

a AiaMeTpa, — ao AayxT* ct> hojiobhhoh. U'fejibHaH Ôauma co- 
CTOifT'b UB'b xpexii înecrHrpaHHbix-b yctHeMHbix'b mipaMH^Ti, Ch 
AByMJî BbîCTynaMH bt* oeHOBamn, Cb KapHH30M*b, oô^eraiomHM'b 
rpaHH. Pe6pa Bepxneft nHpaMHAbi 3aKaHMMBaïOTCH cro^ÔHKaMH 

Cb KpyrJIbïMH TO^OBKaMH, BHTOHeHHblMH TaiGKe H3t KaMHfl* LLJh- 

pHHa rpaHefl ao AByxi> apiunni*. HaKJioH'b ne bc^hki> — TaKi> 

4TO MOFHJlbHHKH H3A3^H HM'BlOT'b AaiKe RpHaMaTH^eCKlM BHA'b» 

Bbicora KamAOH H3*b ycfeqeeHbix'b nHpaMHA'b HeoAHHaKOBa — 
yMenbiuancb KTb BepuiHH't. BHH3y, apniHHa noOTopa naA^ seMJie^ 
bt> cT'BH'bj npooMTO HeÔo^buioe BeneuiaHCKoe OKomeHKO; HaA"b 
HHM-b oqepneH'b npHMoyrojibHHicb, paaA't^HHbiô Ha nerHpe 

K.TBTKH* Bli npHMOyrOflbHMlCfe 3âKJlIOHaiOTCfl, BHCfeueHHblfl Ha 

KaMH-fc CT^Hbi, apaécKin nHCbMeHa, Biï oahomt> yrjiy y»ce cOBep- 
ujeHHo CTepibJH. CnHcaBi> HaAnHCM, mh BCKapaÔKajiucb na ct-b- 



— ? — 



ny, LLlHpHHa en ne ôojibtiie apiuHHa. BHyxpeHHoeib naMHTHHKa 
ne npeacTaBJisïeT-b nmero HHxepecuaro — seMJin, noicpbixaH bh- 
cokoh copHOM xpaBofi; nopa^aer-b jmiiib xo, qxo BHyxpn crfeHa 
oôjumoBaHa Tam>, qxo OHa oôpaayerb ne mecTtirpaHHyio nwpa* 

MH^y, a OAHH!> CrmOlUHOft KOMyCb. 

MorH.ibHHKH BTOporo XHna coCTOHT-b yaœ H3-b £Byxi> HH- 
paMH^-b, irpHieMi» mimnm, cnyiKamafl naicb 6u ubeAecxajiOM-b, 
He3HaHHTejibHO HâKJiOHeHa K-b ropM30Hxy, TorAa khktï yKJioHi> 
BepxneH nHpaMHAbï BecbMa BeJjHirb, h ona yc-b^ena ao Toro 

6JIH3KO K-b BepiHHHt, HTO HBflHeXCÎÎ COMtrfeme H€ fîHp^MMAa JIH 

ona ci> paapymeHHoii orh BpeMeHM BepuiHHofl. Eh> nojib3y sxoro 
npeAnoJiOiKeHia roBopHx-b h to oôcxoflTejibcxBO, hto HHKaKHx-b 
yKpaineHiw Ha cx-kwax-b en ne bmaho, HeH36t>KHoe OKomemco 
HMteTCH h y STHx-b ÔameH-b, 

BbicTpoeHHue, no cJiosaM'b KaôapAMHueB-b, MHoro cot€hi> 
jitr% VoMy Ha3aAT>, nosaônxbie MOrHJibHHKH ojinaKO coxpamiJHtCb 

Ha AHBO. CTtHbl, CJIOBHO OTAMTbTfl H31> CXa/lH, Kat^b 6 H rHTaHT- 

CKie 3y6bi sp-feaa^HCb B-b necxpuft Koeep-b cxeneiL 

BH^HO, *ÎTO CMJIbHblfl pyKH paÔOB-b CXpQHJlH AOJirOBtHHHe 

naMHTHHKH. M paôCKiA xpyA* h HOi3Hb paôoe-b ne irfeHPumcb bo 
ciasy MpaHBwx-b MOHrojibCKHx-b repoe8*b-pa3pyiimxe«aefi. Oô-b 
aroMij cBHA'bTe^bCTByio'rb rpOMa^Hbie uMimommeciriH ruiMTbi, 
ueMeHTTi h€ oiA'feJiHMwft ottj KaMHfl h iipii yAap% MO^OTa OTKa- 
.msaioiuiftcfl BM'fcex'b Cb hhmi> oxt> crfcHH, icaicb ut^bMaH eAtt* 
Han nopo^a, 061* 9xomt> TBepAflTii BbicoKie (co3#aHie pyjcb qe- 
^lOB'feqecKHX'b), yB^HHaHHbie ustraMM, KypraHbi. 3a CTapHHHbJMH 
yCHnaTe-nbHHuaMH, no oô'b cxopottu AOporH xâKace xanexcA 
BO^HHCTaH minin KypraHOB-b, ymc ôea-b opHruHajibHbixi> ÔameH-b 
Ha CK^iotrax-b, MHorie H3-b hhxi, cimouib yctnHM KaMHHMH. 9xo 
MorMJibi ôoraneft. npoHcxotftAeHie rpQMaAHaro KJïaAÔHma* Ka!Cb 
h ôaïuetn», TepHeTCH bij rjiyôoKOH cTapHHt* MtcxHbie àŒTeJiH 

3HaK)X'b JIHUIb» HXO HC HX'b jxi&u H OXUH, a Kairie-TO qyKAbie 
A^bireftcKOMy «apo^y *) npHtiiejibUbt yme MHOro — MHOro Ji'bi'b 
xoMy naaaA'b oôp-fe^n a^tcb B-femibiH rokoh. K'bMiï 6hjih ohh — 

3XH XaHHCXBeHHbte nOKOHHHKH — KaÔapAHHUbî He MOr^JlH MH'fe CKa- 

3âTb, h6o o hmxii Bi» naMHTH HapoAHoft HC COXpaHHJIOCb HM 
ntcenii, hh jiereHAt.. 

Mh yxte HaxoAHMCfl oxis HaAbHKKa Bii Bepcxaxi> 15 — 

*) Kaôap^Mnuy caMH eeffa H33bJBaiOTTi Aaure T 



— 8 — 

17. 3a KJia#<ï*rmeM'b, HtcKOJibKo aepcTb cnpasa, TïtHercH 
pOBHan GTenb; orfesa, Ha ApyrOM-b 6epery HereMa, 3cm- 
jia t cjiobho H3pbiTaa aeivureTpHcenieM-bj H36opoaueHa AecHTKaMif 
ropi> h ropHbïXTî Kpiitfœft, to OTjmeaiomHX'b sojiotomti jiyroBi>, 
to Mpanno ^epHux-b, orb jAchuxti sapocneô. Popu Bb xaoTH* 
qecKOMii GesnopHAicfe pasôtraioTca no ^omMHaM-b, CKpbiBiiiHCb 
B-b cunefi Aa/tH. Aopora oTxOAHrb orb MereMa,*, Connue CTOHrb 
HH3KO Ha He6% — oho 6jih3ko k^ aaKaxy. Kocue nym/i ero oTrt- 
HfltOT-b MMpnyK), ônôJieûcKytQ tcapTimy: rpOMa#Hoe GT3AO, ne- 

CTpoe, UOÂBKiKHOe, IHHpQKHMT. KOJlbUOM-b oxBaTUBaerb hoa- 

HOJKbe KypraHa, a Ha BepuinH-fe ero, uapn HaA^b oKpecxHocTbio, 
CTOHT-b BbicOKaîi nepHaa (Jmrypa nacryxa bt> Cypid», Cb jyiHH- 
HMH-b nocoxoM-b Bii pyKaxi> — cjiobho Ch ropAbïM^b npeaptHieM-b 
ocMaTpHBaiomaH xojinflmuiCH y norb ero Mbinamift, Gjieiomift, 
cTonymia ckottï. 3a nacT6HmeMT> nouuiH cfeHOKOCbï* Konan 
cBtiKe yôpaHHaro cfeHa BbicTpoMJiticb no oÔtHM-b CTOponaM-b 
Aoporn bi> ôeâKOHeqHbie CTpOHHbie pflAbi. flopora noBopaHH- 
Baerb Ha sana^T?, Bce y^a^flucb orb ptKu. BnepCAH, Ha loro- 
BOCTOKt CHH-feerb cifjiyaT'b T-fecHHHbi, OTKyAa BbixoAHT'b Me- 
reiwb — TaM-b fjiaBHbiH KaBKascKÏft xpeôerb, Haa-feso, sa ptKOii 
pa^-b nepecbKaiomHX'b ^o^Mny HereMa TCMHHx-b ymejûli. B-b 
oahomt», e^aa-e^Ba BMAH%eTcsï p-fe^na KatvieHKa h dojibiuofô 
ayjrb— ToxTaMbimeso, 'ÈaeM'b no HCBbicoKOMy no^-beny bi> ro- 
py, HereMis cKpHJica H31j r^as-b* 

CnycKaeMCfl KyKypysHbiMH rojihmh, kti MeAJieHHo 6'ferymMM'b 
no KaMHHM-b CTyAeHHbiwb BOAaMi> poahhkoboh pt^KH îj ymneKi> 1 "» 

MbI BT> y3KOH II AJïHHHOH KOTJlOBHHt, SaKJlK^eHHOft BTj WCBbl- 

cokom 3e^eHOH ivfenH. MtcTaMH, no cKJîOHa&fb xpeôra, qepH-fe- 
iotî* MHHiaTfopHue ji-feca, a TaM'b onatb ece Koimbi h KonnbL 
C*b rora Ayerb B-krep-b, HaroHAH Ty^n; sorb ymc Becb HeGo- 

CKJIOH'b 3aBO,10KCH MMH, Mpa4HbïM«, CBWHUOBHMH* 

CyiwepKH crymaïOTCSL npwxo^HTCfl noAyMaTb o HO^jierk^H 
npHKpbiTiw on? 6^H3Karo romjxh, Bpe3eHTa, KOTOparo mh ^o^ro 
h TmeTHo posbicKHBajiH b^ HajibHHK'fe, HaMT> «e yAà^iocb ao- 
CTaTb. Ha^o coôcTBeHiïbrMH cpe^CTBaMM BbinyTaTbCsî H3i> eecbMa 
TîiJKe^aro nojioKeHiH. nocbina^HCb pa3Hbin npe;^£meHiH — Jienb 
noA-b Te.Tbroft, B-b caMOH TeJitr^ ycxpoHTb majiaui'b h t. n. 
HaKouem»^ 6h^o p-bweHO nonbixaTbCfl ycrpoHTbCfl noAt» 6oJib- 
moii TtHHCTow a6^0HeH 4 pocuiefl y AoporH, H*bCKOJibKO HHKe 









- % - 

en* MtcTHOCtbj noBHijHMOMy, cupan, ôojioTMCTaa, xaicb nain» 
b6jim3m nporeKa^a at HHSKHX'b, nopocmHX'b rpoiwa^HHMH Jiony- 
xaMM h noKpbiTbix-b thhoh, 6eperaxi> pinica yumeK-b. KaKi> bh- 
4ho, yc^OBJH hc coBcbMij ôjiaronpiHTCTBOBajiH a^îi notera, ho 
BHÔopa y nacb ne 6biao. SaKHntJia .iHxopa^OHHHH paôoxa. Kto 
jioMajit» jionyxH, kto HaTacKHBa^-b b%toki> w Kocxpa. H3-b 
nepBbix-b, mm HaHBHO no/iarajiH npH ïiomoiuh BfexBeiï h .FiHCTbeB'b 
Aepeaa ycxpoiixb Kpwmy majiauia* T-feMi* speMeneM-b H3B03HHKb 
Bepny^cfl ct> peKorHocuHpoBicH h eooômHirb, bto HeBAajieK'fe 
o*rb wame^-b nemepy, s-b Koxopoâ mo>kho yicpMTbCH Bcfcivrb. 
JXqatq pasAyMHBaTb ne npHxoAH.iocb, Tarn* KaK-b y>Ke nojiHjrb 

Bnpaso oT-b Aoporw xflHyjica cna/iMCTbiH xpe6eri>î kt> ne- 
My Mbi h HanpaBHJiHCb no bhcokoh TOimoâ xpaB-fe* y ace H3AajiH 
BHAHt^iMCb Ha OTBtCHOM-b pa3pt3fc cicajibi ABt ainiomÎH nemepbr* 
04Ha noBbime Apyroth Tejifery mu ocTaHOBHjm y caMbrxii CKaJTb, 
a cbmh no ae^eHOMy 6yrpy B'b HtcKo^bKo caateH-b BbiujMHOfl 
Bsô-fcacajui wh nemep-fc. Majio npiiMeKaTe.ibHaro npenCTaBJin^a 
0Ha co6oft< il^HHHafl, HenpaBHJibHOH (JiopMbi xpeiuHna &% KaMirfe, 
MtcTaMii AOBOJibHO rviy6oKO yxo^amaa bt* CKa^iy; nepoBHbiH 
nojrb cii neôoJibiiiofl noKaxocxbio B'b cxopoey p%kh; cboaWï to 
wi> wbcKOJibKO caHceH-b Bbicora, to HMcnycKaioiuiecH kt> caMOMy 
nojiy; umpHna nemepn tansë Heo^HnaKOBa — bt> caMOM'b liih- 
poKOM*b Mtcrt #o 3-xiï apiiiHH'b, bt* y3KOMi> h apiuHHa ne 6y- 
Aexi>. JltBbiii yrojrb aecb noKpbrr'b r^yfiOKHMii c^oeMi» caatti, 
a nant nepH'feeT'b oxtï nemia jtocrpa. Ohcbhaho He mu nepane 
yKpbiBaeMCH orb nenoro^bi B'b stomt^ 3B'bpHHOM r b jiorGBHmt. 

B'b H^CKOJibKO MHByyb mu nepeneam «3^ Ttjrhra Becb 
Hauj-b Ôarancb m pasMtcTHJiH ero bt> oôoHX-b ara>Kaxi> nemepbi. 
Ha OMepe^H ctohtt> eonpocb o Aposaxin flo#k ^oîk^m^ 
yTonaa B^b rjiyfioKOH h MOKpoîî Tpaat^ mh nycKaeMcii bt> no- 

IICKH XBOpOCTB* HailIH yCHJlifl HC ÔbJJIH 6e3n^OAHbl. Ct> ÔOJlb- 

uiHMii TpyAOMi> y^aJiocb npMHeciH cyxin ko^ïo^îji b%tkh. He- 
sâM'bTHo, noivîameHHafl cme Ôo^'fee Mpa^HbiMii ryqanui^ cny- 

CTHJiaCb HOHb, KpaCHBO BhlA*bJÏHJIHCb HH (})OHt Cfl ^epHUC CH^iy- 
3TbI TOBapHmeH, CJtOBHO ,TaTM B'b HOiUH*\ CyeXHBUlHXCH BO- 

Kpyriï Kocxpa, AOJiro h xmeTHo ch^hcb pas^e^b ero. Haico- 
wern», BwpBajiHCb n3b\m apKaro njiaMeun, Ôo^po u pa^ocTHO 

npOH3âH BO^b, M CB-feXvlblH OrOHb nOCTaBHJTb cxtHy MOKAy 






— 10 — 



H3MH H TeMHOÏf HOHbïQ M tcmhhmh TynaMH. HyBerBOBaJiacb He- 

OÔXOAHMOCTb COrptTbCfl, TaKT> Kaifb BC*t MU npOMOKJlH nQA*h 

/lOitmeM-h, — h mucjui ecTecTBeHHO oôpamniieb K-b Hato. npeA- 
CTOHJia Hejiencafl aa^Ha npHKp-fenHîb K-b cica-nt RafiHHKi* Tarn» 

qTOÔU OH*b BHCtJTb naj\*h KOCTpOM-b. Mm AOJIFO ÊHAUtb Ha;vb 

ptineHieM-b stoô, Kaicb 6yATo HexMTpoïï sa as l * h, — ho, HaKOHem», 
Cb noMômbto npoBo^KH h ubaki* ojtfwrfcjui ee, noy>KHHaAH, Hy)K- 
ho ôujïo no^ywaTb h o HOqjierb BnpoiieM'b, cb stmmtï sonpo- 
comt> [îop-bîiiM^M 6u crpo. Ha caMOH iijhpokoh njiomaAK* ne- 
mepu HajiojKHJiH fiypKH. cBepxy oA-fefuia h noAyuiKH — ôpaTGKati 
nocTejib roTO»a. nojn> KaMeHHUMH CBOAaMH JieîKajiocb aobojoiHH 
yiOTHO, rjiaBHOc eyxo, JiHiiib HOrH 6biJio onaCKO BUTflrnBaTb, 

-TaKTi KaK^b y BXOAa M» y&b*m& HXT» CTOp03KHJlH ÂOMCAb H 

B-biep-b. C-b rop-b cnycKa^cfl rycToô yAyiHJiHBbiH tyMaH-b h 3a- 
nojiKflji'b ymejibe ymneKa. JXbiwarb Heq%Mi>, OTKyaa to hohbh- 
jiacb napa jieTynHx-b Muiuew h, cjiobho nepubin mojihîh, onncbi- 
Ban A^HHHbie ôucTpuesHraarH, Hecracb eaA"b uruihmh ronOBaun, 
KpHJioM-b no^TH SûAtsan jiHua, npHBOAH bt> y)Kaci> Haiiiiix-b 
cnyTHHU-b. nonpoÔosaJiH Ômjio cnyrHyTb MbHiiefi, ho ohh, bhaho, 
CTpeMHjmcb bt> cBoe iKMjmme, Geai cnpocy saHHioe hemh, h 
no6%Aa AOCTasa^acb HaM-b ne Jienco. 

Ki) 11 qacaM-b npstBXh Ham^ ÔHByaxis— Bct xerjra cnaTb 
npeABapHTejibKO AOJirie AeÔaTta Bbt3aajrb Bonpocb o Kapay.rrfe - 
HyjKHO h CTOHT-b jih KapayjmTb hjih H'feT'b ? flpaBAa, Kaôap^a 
cjiaBHTCH CBoe ôesonacHOCTbio— ho paast mu mofjih ÔbiTb ra- 

paHTHpOBaHHbîMM QT r b TOrO, MTO OiyrçaHHblft npoxoaciâ, tasoKe 

KaKt h Mbi aacTHrHyTbiâ B-b nyTH HenoroAoô, HaopeAH Ha oroub 
h yBH#H bt> nemep-b enamHX'b nyTeuiecTBeHHMKOB'b, He ntwib- 
CTHTCH Ha uyacoe AOÔpo, m, naKOHeub, bt> nocn%AHee BpeMH 
h B*b MHpHHx-b KaôapAMHCKMx-b cTenax'b da^H noiua^MBaib 
npot|)ecciOHaJibHHe paaôofiHHKH— aôpeKH* H mu p^w&flft, hto 
sce-T^KM HeoôxOAHMO ycxaHOBMTb Ae^ypcTBo, J\o AByxis 43- 
cob% ho4h oqepeAb Bwnajia mh*. Kpyrowb bc% cnajiH h^h cm- 
jiHJiHCb aacHyxb. 51 npHcfejrb Ha MtuiOK'b c*b njiarbeM'b, oÔjioko- 
THBuiMCb cnHHoô oôii ocTpbiîi BwCTyn'b cxiflic B^b pyKaxi> 3a- 
pflmeHHafl depAaHica, FIoai» Mp hbumh cBOAaMH nemepu hh 
3ByKa, hh m exécra. MaptAKa aaxp'femHT'b bi> KOcrpt Cbipaa 
B^TKa m BcnuxHeTT) îi3bTK-b njiaiweHH, ufejiyn ctpyio CKaJiy, 6po- 
caa cTpaenyio, KpacHyio rfenb Ha cnsni4Hx*b cnyTHHKOBiiï TaHH- 



ctbchho MHraH bt> qepHoiî Hem BoKpynb Hatnero cBtTJiaro 
oa3iica BMTaeT'b 6*fejiecoBaTbi& otti BH%^p«BinarocH xyMaHE 

MpaKT> H CJ1HHJHTCH MOHOTQHHbîH, ptâKitt H KaJlOÔHblfi CTyK-b 

naAaiomux'h CTpyfl AOMj\n f — npeTBOpHHCb bt> Mucjmx'b B-b o6pa- 
3bi ZUtHaHA"b, B*b aACKifi, 6e3KOHenHbiH Tpy^-b* MHHyTbi Aencyp- 
CTBa Ka>Kyxcfl qacawi. OcTOpo^CHO, oûacb Bbinacïb H3-b nemepbi 
h nonacTb hoa^ AO^Ab, noAXOAHiiib kt» KOCTpy h noAÔpacbi- 
BaeiHb c&fcxrin BtTKH. Hmeuib BCHKaro hoboa» nepeM-tHUTb no- 
jiomeHie, cOBepcjHTb Kaitoe-HH6yAb ABHaœHie, cjioBOM*b H*kwb- 
HHôyAb HapyuiHTb THmejiwii, MeprBbift noKoft npHpoAM, bt> ko- 

TOpOMÎ* pâCTBOpHJICfl AHHte UiyWh AOHtAH, KoCTep-b MCAJieHHO 

Aoropaerb. JlHxopaAoqnOî 6ojit3HenHO-neqaJrbno BcnwxHyjrb no- 

CJI'bAlUH CHHÏft H3blK*b n^aMCHH, H HaiII*b ÔHByaiCb CJ1HJICH Cï> 

HOHbto. 51 noJioMMJi'b pyacbe mejKAy KOJi'feH'b h cawh oirbneirbjn» 
bt> HtMOM-b oacMAaHiM, H secb cnyx-b h BHHMame. Cmo- 
TpHiub, ne bhah, B-b 6e3iviacHy!G ^epHyio H04b, nHiaeuibca 
npoH3HTb ee B3opaMn, npoÔMTb nyTb cKB03b en rymy, Hanpac- 
Hbia ycMJiîîr. MpaK-b nonpe>KHeMy HenpOHHuaeM'b h Aaaœ cefin 
caMoro qyBCTByetub, ho ne BHAHuib. Tflaœ;ifeifl mucjih TuiHByrb 
B-b roAOB-fe, C*h TpenexoMii npHciyuiHBaeuibCfl K-b KancAOMy 1110- 
poxy; He cxpauiBo, ho myTKO. Hy! — Bii OTAa^eniH cjièiiiiho cna- 
Goe plante HaiDHX'b ^oiuaAeH* H onaTb thxo; CHOBa ho^b npo- 
CTHpaerb cbom oô-bsiTisL JlnxopaAO^HO BnepHB'b B30pH B-b ôea- 
KOHe4HOCTb, pfcujaeuib TaHHCTBeHHyto npoôJieMy ca-feTa h TbMbL 
M BApyrb moh r;ia3a BCTp-bnaKrrb ab% npKHXii HenoABKJKHO 

CB'feTflmHX'b SB^SAO^KM, AB3 )KaAHO yCTpeM^eHHbJX'b BOJmbMXl3 

r.iaai, cjiobho ocTpbiM-b HOHcoM'b pasptsaioiuHX'b KO^eftnyio ry- 
my houh. HeBHAHMan csasb ycraHOBHJiacb Me>KAy HaMH. H He 
Mory oTopBaTbCH orb nepejiHBatomHX'b îKyxKHM'b orHe&rb B30- 
potib xifiuKHKa. Ohh ôyAflrb bo MH-fe MHOHtecTBO caMHXT> Mpan- 

HbJX*b BOCnOMHHaHÎH; OHH, 3TH yCTpeMJïeHHbie Ha MeHH ABa HpKO 

CBiTHmHxcs! BOjmbHxiï rviaaa, noAttHMaioT-b co AHa AyuiH BC6 
qepHoe, bcc znot, mo nepOKHTo, hto ocTajiocb TaM-b, nosaAH. 
H3T> MpaKa BHn^biBaîOT'b riiraHTCKÎH t^hh — CM/iysrrbi kohgu. 

JleTyHlB MbIUJH CHOBa BTî CMKXeHÎH 3aMCTa^HCb no CKaJiaM-b, CT> 

pasôtry yA^paa odi» hxt> BwcTynH. TiiMis EpeMeHeM^ cxaAM 
npocbinaTbc>i moh cnymmiR* H CAa^'b ^KapayiLV h 3acHy/i"b 
KaK-b yôHTwii Ha cjrfeAyKHUee ytpo s BCTaAT> *iacoBT> B*b S, 
HoaKAb jiKJi-b Kax-b H3-b BeApa* CKB03b ô^JibiH TyMaB"b ee BH- 






— 12 — 



pHCOBbiea^HCb KOHTypu TeMHaro 6opa. l>xaTb aajibiiie 6uno 

HeB03MG)KHO. B*b TOMHTe^bHOMT> OXLHRmiH CHR^m MbI Ha 

Kpaio nemepy, ne smn 4io npeAnpHHATb. CrajîH pa3^a- 
eaibCH Ma/iOAyajHbie ro^oca o B03BpameHiw bi> Hajib(fHKi>. 
3to ôbuio 6u ôespaacyACTBOM-b, CB-feTa-ao, rtopofl Ha MHrb 
paapbJBajiûCb cBHHuoBoe noKpwBajio, OKyxbiBaïomee Heôo» ^o^K^b 

QCJiaÔ^BaJI'b, JlMXOpaj^OHHO HaMHCIll'b rOTOBHTbCH Kl* OTTs- 
tSAy — HO CHOBa COeAHHfllOTCSÏ paaOpBaHblH TyHH H MbI CHO- 

sa nosepmeHbi bi> yHbiHie. Macaron ki> 4-M*b AOmAb CTajrb 
Ma^o-no-MEJiy npeKpamaTbCH. noimia nepenocKa Bemeii B-b 
(^yprotî^p Ha bcstkIh aiynak K-b Tenfcrfe 6um npHA'fc.iaHbi hst* 
nmmuux'h npyTbeB-b AyrH, KOTOpbix-b noKpbura 6ypKaM*L Hawb 
c}]yproHTi npMHflji-b sha^ UbiraHCKoô khôhtkh, Kt* nain nacaMii 
Benepa Mbi ocTaBHJm Hamy rocTenpiHMiiyjo nemepy, jipoaeaa 

BT* HeÔ 6e3BbIXOAHO AJIHHHblH CyTKIL 

H-fecKO-ibKo eepcTT» — ywneKCKHM'b ymeubeM*b baojib p^kh» 
ho Bon» ;iopora noBopaMHBaeT-b snpaBo, yiunem» m 3ejietfbie 
xo^Mbi ero rojihhu ocxaioTCfl noaa/m. no nymHCTOMy Jiyry mbi 

nOAHHMaCMCH K-b rpeÔHK) AOBOJlbHO BblCOKOH U^HH XOJMLOB'b. 

BepcTbi ABt no^^eMa u un na nepeea^t y „KaMeHHOH 6a6u\ 
BpocaeM-b nocA-BAHift BsrmR-b aa npoit^eHuâ nyxb, Pha-b 
KpacMBbix'b RQjmn'h h se/ieHOKyApbiX'b xpeÔTOB'b. Ha nepBOMT> 
o.naH'fe TOHeTTî bi> Ô-bJioM-b TyMaiït yme^ibe yuineica, sa hhmt> 
o^Ha sa Apyroîi TeMHO-3e^eHHfl jieHTu rûpT>, boahhctoh JiHHÎefi 

OKaHMJIfltOTb ropH30H1"b* Bl> ÔHHOKJIb BHAHbl AaJKe Ô'fejlHe AO- 

MHKH HaAbHHKa* 

BnepeAHp OKyTaHHaa KJiyôaMH pososaro xyMana, B3opaivrb 
OTKpbiBaeTCH rpaH#io3Haa nanopaMa ao/imhm Batccana. LilHpb 
Heo6i>flTHa3. 

Ci* bmcoth nepesajia, Ha MHoro AecaxKOB'b sepcx-b Kpy- 

TOM-b, paCKHHy.lCSÏ nblIUHblH, COTKaHHblH »<* ub-btobIi, KOBep-b 

CTenefi. ZUHHHbisi, HarnôHCTbia 3m4h npop-fe3aîox'b ero no scbMi» 
HanpaB^eHÎHM"b chpusi, ont M3BHBaioTCa bt? Kopnaxiï, He3a- 
m^tho CKpbîBaîïCb «3^ rjiaaij. 3to ^oporn; hxi> MHojKecxBo. A 
noA"b OTAHBaioiiiHM'b ao.flOTOM'b ^yroBiî, Kpyxo BOBHocameMycH 

KTï rOpH30HTy H*T10CKOropbeMT> f B"b HH3KQM'b ÔapXaTHOM'b JlOJKt 

cienerî 6t)KMT r b ropjxufc BaKCani>* HjiHHHaa utnb ay^oe-b pacKH- 
Hyjiacb no ero GeperaM'b, BoH-b AajieKO BnpaBO ot-i'BeT'b HaypysoBo, 
ÔJiHAte, MHoroMHCJieHHbiH cai^H ayjiOB'b KHfl3eâ ATa^yKHHbixTs* 



— 13 - 



3a ptKoft h xpeôTOMiï np0p*k3bîBaîOT-b chmiok> Mray 3 oah- 
hokhxt, iepHtfxi> KOHyca Eeurray, a pa^oM-b BbHvuiAbiBaeT'b 
MaKyiuKa Mamyica. TaM-b ôberb KJiïoMeM-b myMHaa atH3Hb Kae- 
KaacKHxi> KypopTOBTi, Kii e%sepy, oTAajieHHasï orb wacb Ha 

*MHOrO ^eC5ITKOB*b BepCTT>, CMyTHO BbipHCOBUBaeTCfl oÔuiHpHaa 

crenHan nomina, HeaaMtxHO omBaiomaHCH c*b mHpoKHMi> ropK- 

30HTOMT>. P030Bbie KJiyÔU £HMa, BHCOKO B03HÛCHCb KT> He6y 

CTpeMKTejibHo ôtry-rb no crenn. XUimt* ott> nota^a, ho ero 
carvioro ne bhjjho* 

n^ocKoropte Ha ijpyroM-b ôepery BaKcaHa saKaHMUBaeTCfl 
K-b iory ocrpbTM-b, npoH3aioiuHMi> Ty^iH yiecoMi» Xapa-Xopa. 
IloAt HHM-b, 3a HHM-b, BOKpyri> Hero, k% aana^y, BDCTOKy h 
K>ry pHA*b ropHUX-b irbneîî qepHbix-b, cfepbix-b, ocTpoKOHe i wbix-b T 
BO^HHCTMXTi, aaxoAïLmHx-b Apyrb sa apyra, cjiobho AeKopauja 
bt> onep%, cnycKaiomMxcfl sce name m HHme ki> aBaHCueH'fc, B*b 
aojiHHy BaKcaHa. 3to npeAropbfl r^aBHaro xpeôxa. TaM-b rop- 
Hbie ayra ypyc6ieBueBi>, raM-b 3ap03K£aeTCfl EaiçcaH-b. Ha;rbB0, 

CKB03b ÔtjJOe OÔJiaKO npOpBaJlHCb 6'fejlOCH'fejKHblH BepillHHbJ 

KaBKa3CKHX-b sejiHKaHOB'b, noBH^HMOMy ZUmroaypyHa. 
HtjKHoe oôJiaKo u-knyerb h on-kHaerb CH-fera, 
Connue 3axoAHTTî. Uom^ ero se^epHHMH JiynaMH rpaH£i- 
03H3H nanopaMa npHHHMaerb BOJiuieôtiHH bhat>. CrenHofl ko- 
Bepi* nepejiHBaerb bc^mm uB*fexaMH pajjyrn, nopaaiaH 6oraT- 

CTBOM'b H COHHOCTbK) KpaCOtOn Orb ropl* ^OMCaTCîl lia JlOJlHHy 

rHraHTCKia MepHbia ôapxaTHbm rtHH* CHHie CHJiyaTH xpeôxoB'b, 
PHat* qepHbix'b HHSHïfb, apKia cojiHeHHHfi nHTHa... 

Me/^enHo onycKaiOTCH cyMepKM. Bcxo£Hrb ô^t^Htifl, toh- 
xift cepni> jiyHH* PjiyôOKO BHHsy orb boau EaiccaHa boshochtca 
K-b ymeJibjo rojiyôoft TyMani»* Oh^ mibiBerb, CTejiexcH no rpy- 
AH ropiï poaoBbiM'b noKpeBaJiOM-b, OKyTbiBan Mpamîbm BepuiHHbi 
hxt>, TeMH'feeT'b, B-b ÔJiHmatiuiHX'b ayjiax'b 3aHairaiaTCH othh: 
BOHt BCnbixHyji'b o^hhiî, Apyroiï, a rau r h y)KC Becb ôeperb 
BaKcana B-b HpKO-CB%TflmHxcH 3Bt3 J u,o i iKax'b, TyiuâH-b rycrfeeT-b, 
MtHîieTTî OKpacKy. Mo.io^ho 6tJLbia CKarepTH noHecjmcb n^ae- 
ho, BejumecxBeHHo no yme^bio, BoH-b ohh oiHjmcb B"b cn^oui- 
Hyro ncieny ryMawa, h uB-ferymeâ ^o^HBbi BaKcaHa» Béante- 
CTBeHHbix-b xpeÔTOB-h h yme^ÎH Kaicb 6bi h «e ôbiBa^o, Mr-ia 

CKpbf^a HX*b BTa CBOHX-b OÔliïmAX-b. JlHllIb HaA'b HaïUCH rOJlOBOH 

HeB03MyTHMO napflTiï scJïHpHbîfl nepHCTbifl xyuKH. 



M 

OKOJtO BOCbMH HaCOBlt BÊMCpa MbI Bl>txa/IH BO BXOpOÏÏ 

ATamyKHHCKin aym» h, c-b 6ûJîbinHMT> xpyAOM-b Hafl^H „npaBJie- 
Hie", ocTaHOBii^HCb Hoqeeaxb y nucapn. 

Yace McnoKOHi> b^kobt* ycxaHOBHJiCJi bt> ropaxi> o6bmaft, 
4to Bcfe nyTemecTBeirHHKH hê cnpocacb, aataHcaioxii bï» ripasse- 
Hie — e/tHHCTBeHHbiii yrojioKT, btî ayjiaxij, r^t mokho ycjibiiijaxb 
pycCKyio ptqb» a ^acxo h Bcxp-bxHXb pyceKaro nncapn. 

HoqesaTb mh pacnoJiOïKHJiHCb Ha roJiOM-b noJiy. BnponeM-b, 
cocfe^CTBO Kpbicb, 6e3qepeMeHHO 6*feraBiuHX , b no noviy, saexa- 
bhjlo HaiiiMxi» £aMT> HCKarb ce6t ^pyroii npitoTT> h OH-fe Koe- 

KaK*b npMMOCTHJIHCb Ha CKaMefiKaXT* H CXyJIbHX'b. 

yxpOM-b h pasroaopHJiCfl c-b rmcapeirb, HefioJibuioro po- 
exa, Tme^yiuHbifi Ha bhaii Myramina, cb 6e3UB'fexHbiM'b Henn- 
re.'uiHreHTHbiM'b i^ixom-b — cyHacHHCKiti KasatCb, oH-b oKasaJiCH, 

O^HaKO, ÔUBIliHMT> QCfrmxepOM'b, HO CFO CJlOBaM*b, 3a Ay3ilb JHI- 
iUeHHbîM'b ^MHOB-b H 3BaHJfl, B*b HeMHOFHXTi CflOBaX'b OHT> MHt 

noB-fe^aa-b cbqio HCMnorocTio^Hyio Hcxopiio, Koropan, Bnpo- 
newb, ôhuia npHHflxa mhoïo cb ôojibiuoH jjosoh HeAOB%pi5L Oht> 
CJiyyauji*h h Ha qacxHoiï cjiyxcôt, m bt* aKUHs-fe, h nojnmeftcKHM-b 
npucxaBOM-b* H B^pyrb, cb xatcHxii-xo bmcoxt> CBajiHJieH nnca- 
peM-b Rii KaÔapAMHCKiK ayjrb. Ho na axy cxpannyio MexaMop- 
<J)03y npojiMBaJi-b H-feKOXopbiH cs'fcx'b ero cïpax-b npeii,^ qaho- 
cejib^aHaMH, BbicKasaHHaH hmt» 6oH3Hb cJiyncHxb B*b Pocciw, rjx'h 
xaicb onaCHo, r^-fe xaicb Jienco moîkho ôtixb yÔHTbiM-b, H Kor^a 
h y^HBJiH^Cïî xoMy, oxKy^a nucapb Bt cejiemH, He nrpaioium 
HHKaKOH aAMHHHCxpaxHBHoË pojiH, Mo^exi* HaBJieqb na ce6a 
rets-b, a rjiaBHoe ci> m*eû cxoponbi — h noJiyMajrb eecbMa He- 
onpeAt^enHaro CBOtfcxBa oxB%xbi, H3ii KOxopbtxi> smcxBOBajio, 
qxo y Haniero xoasiHHa coB*bcxb He coscbM-b qncxa, a pbuibue 
H%CKOJibKO B'b nyiHKy. O Hpaaax-b a ôbiTt KaôapAHHneB-b, mi- 
capb, yme S jrbx'b mnByuxiiï bo 2*M-b ÂxancyKHHCicoM'b ayji'fe, 
Pobho Hwqero cooômHXb MHt ne worii- ^3HKa MtcxHaro ohi^ 
koh6 i îho ï He anaeTTa m no KafiapA^HCKH, no ero cJioBawb, yMt- 
ex-b xo^bKo pyraTbCH* IlHTb aojiri]x*b Ji'kr'b npose^iï om> cpejiH 
KadapAHHueB'b, nmiib B-b p-fe^Kie ^hh bh&h pycCKûe jxhuo, ne 
cjibiiua 3ByKOBi> poAHoii p^mh h HK^yxb ne 3ai[HxepecoBajiCH 
OKpyacaiomeH jKHSHbio, y^ce ne roBopn o tomii, hxo hh Ha ioiy 
He cjihjich ct> oKpyjKaiomeft Ky-ibxypoft. Pt^Kifl MacxojïOHX'b, 

CyM'feBmiM BT> qHCXOX'b H HenpMKOCHOBeHHOCXH coxpaHMTb CBOH 






— 15 — 



«pyccKift ayx-b", HecMOTpîi na ôeanpepwBHbis cjiymtùnuH Bcrp-h- 

HH Cb M%CTHHMH 3KHieJÎ5iMH, H JIpH STOM-b KaKOC npeapHTeJIb- 

Hoe h rop#oe OTHoiueme TynoyMHaro „Ha<4a;ibCTBa" in* oi*py* 
>KaK)mHM-b AHKapgMT^, KaKoe 6e3HaAe*Kraoe npe3p-bme. 

TaKoe^b 3Torb e^MHCTBeHHbiii pyccKîâ npeACTaBMTC4b BJia- 

CTH H npOBO^HHK'b pyCCKOfl KyJIbTypbl BT> Ka6apAHHCKHXT> CTC- 

Bt> EoAbtuoJî KaôapAt ^4 cejiemfl, H3t> HHx-b B-b ôojibuiHH- 
cTB-fe HM%HDTCfl pyccide riHcapfl, a B-b 18 pycciriH uiKOjibi. Hh- 
capn, Km-b h naiii-b xosflHH-b, jiiqru npome/ume cyposyio hch- 
BneHuyio uiKOJiy, Cb TeMHHWb npoui/tbiM-b h ribflHbiM*b naCTOH* 
miiM-b, jiioam, oôOHAÊHHbie Ha acHBHeHHOM-b nupy, BHÔHTue iot* 
)KH3neHHoft KOJmm. Bypn aaôpocHJia Hx*b bt> ropH» if Hpowiefi 
cyfled'b mmt> BwnaJio na aojiïo sanflTb m^cts na asannocTax-b 

B^aCTH, 

HaKOHe^'b-To ohh o6p1wm THxyto, 6e3onacHyio raBaHb, 
cnycKaacb bcc Hume h huecc no mH3HeHHofi jrfecTHHq-H. Hto hmt> 
Peayfe?.-. 

B-b ay.Tfe HaMiî HyjKHO ôbwio aaicynHTb npoBHSÎK) h babo- 
eivrb cb xosapHiueM-b mm noiiMH HCKaTb HastCTHyio» noneMy-TO 
Aa>Ke MJia^eHuaM-b B-b ayji-fe, rt MapbïO MsaHoeHy". 

ArajKyKHHO 11 — 6oJibuioe cejieHÎe btî H%CK0flbKO coT'b 
ABopoe-b — pacno*ioHceHo baojib ji%Bâro fiepera BancaHâ *)„ Oho 
pacKHBy^ocb na H'fccKûJibKO Bepcrb bt* j^JiHHy, hohth cjiHBaacb 
na ckeep'b cb ayjioM-b KHnseft HaypysoBbDCb, Hagh cejieHieM-b 
uaparb MHHapeTi> Mènera, B03ABHrHyTbiH aa necnaHOMi» xon- 
M-fe, — AOBO;ibHo opnrHHajn>Hoe 3Aawie b-b ^erKOM-b MaepHTaH- 
ckomiï crmi-fc. Ha neTbipexyro.ribHOM'b KaMeHHOMT» nbeAecrajrfe 
ABk ycbHeHHbiîï nHpaMHAH, saKaHqifBatomiflcsï KpyrJiOH CaiiiHefi 
cb OKHaMH h ÔaJiKOHOWbj omyAa My^3HBii cabïBaeT'b na mo 
jiHTBy npaBOB^fepHwx'b; cepueBHAHbift jcynojrb h3*b ôt-Tioâ acecra 
notcpbïBaerb 6ainHK>; Ha BepiuHH% ea HeHSM-bHHbiïï 1116071* Cb 
neuiyM'fecimeM'b. PsutOMi» Cb MHHapeTowb caina weqeîb (imh 
xaK-b ropubi HaBbieararb ee n MejKrHT'b w )^A^HHHO€ OAHOsramHoe 
KaMeHHoe 3Aawie ct> nojiyMtcîmeM-b na KpacnoH ïKexk3HQft Kpbi- 
uit h jjOftTb Myjuibij — OKpymeHHbifi aJuieeË KpacHBbix-b tono/ieit 



*) npaaw^bHte -Biioflb npasaro 6epera» t Ho bt> Hii>KecJitflyiomeM"b h 3- 
,iOïKeHin n c^ejiT) yjioÛHte cmuaib npoiaw^ TeseHîa. 



y non* Me iieni npHB'kxjiHBû BurmjihmniQTb m-b C3aobt> ê^ihh 
caKJiH ayjia, a na Apyroivrb ôepery BOJïHHCTbifl OHepxamH ruio- 
cKnropbfl, ycfeHHHaro no rpe6mo m cKJiowy ctpoPlhumu pa- 
AaMH mapoo6pa3HbixT> CTûroiVb CB'faxce cKomeHHaro ctna. 

Bt> oômeiw-b, caK^H ayjia npOHaBOASxi, OTpaAHoe BneMaxjrfe- 
Hie. riocTpoÊKM oôbmHaro KaôapAHHCicaro TMna — AJiHHKbiH aê- 
peBHHHHfi h™ caMatîMUH nojn> Cb Hae-fecoMi* Bo Becb $aCâ#fa» 
no^AepxcHBaeMBiMt, KpameHbiMB cxponii/îaMH. CaK/m bt> 6oab- 

UlMHCTBt CJty^aeB'b OAHOSXamHblfl C*b H-fcCK0,71bKHMH HeÔO^bUJHMH 

OKOLueHKaMH co craBHaMW, KpbrniH cojioMeHHHH hjih AepeBHH- 
Hbia, a y H'bKOTopbix'b ÔQjtite 6orarbixi> BJiaA'fcjibueB'b — M-fecT- 
Hbix-b ôeKOBt h ySA^eeK — Aame KpbfTbi >necxbio. CaKJia OKpy- 
acena, oôh^ho, Heôo^binMMT> caAOMii h oropoAOM-b, 

Hacejieiîie ATâHcyKHHO H> bt* ôo^bUJHHCTB-fe csoeM*b cocxo- 
fimee H3i> SbiBuiMXTï KptnocTHHX'b KHaaeii, AaBiDHx-b Haasanie 
U^OMy p«Ay ayjiOB'b, tfHH3efi H-feKorAa BJiaA'feBiiiHX'b Bceit Ka- 
6apAOft T — HOiBex-b BecbMâ 33)khtohho. SeM^eA^ie h ckoxoboa- 
ctbo Hx-b r^aBHoe sannrït* OSimipHbiH rrenH, ôoraiwe cfcHOKO- 
ch, AOBOJibHo paBHOMtpHoe pacnpeAfcJïeme seiweAbHoS co6- 

CTBeHHOCTH,— BCe 3XQ C03AaeTT> CpaBHUTeJlbKO CHOCHHH yCflOBÏH 

cymecxBOBanm a^h EenxejieH stqto ÔJiaroAaTuaro icpan. 

K'b 10 Hacairb, mm ctzjw coÔHpatbCfl B*b nyxb. ToJina pe* 
6aTHEieK*b OKpyacnjia (jDyproirbj ôeauepeMOHHO paarjisiAHBaH nac'b. 
BceoÔmee BHHMame odpamna Ha ce6a bt> btqPl necxpofi Kyq% 
Atxefi KpacaBHua A^omca ;rkTTi aêcath, Mw 3aHHxepecoBaJincb 
eio. Ha nauiH pascnpocbi h ^axH" nncapb aaftrbTijjrb, MeïKAy 
npOMHM'bj hto cecTpa A'feBOHKti bo MHoro pasi* KpaeHBte ea. 
Bce yjKe ôuao totobo K'b orbt3Ay, ho trauin cnyTHHubi ne 
yTepn-fcjiH h oxnpaBHJiHCb bi. caKJiïo KpacaBBi^bi. Hx^ pa3CKa3H 

00 B03BpameBiH pa30>KFJIH MOC ^ÏOÔOnbïTCTBO H, XOTfl My^HH- 

Hai«*b ne ocoÔeHHo yAoôHo fiBMTbCH bi* Mycy^bMaHCKiu rom^ 

mm, bo rjias'fe Cb nHcapeMiï, npHAyMbmafl scaqecKie npeA^orw 
HaïueMy npHxoAy, oxnpaBHJîHCb „Ha CMorpHHbi", anan, hto CHpy 
h Maoïa He^b3fl 6yAÈT"b Aocxarb Bii caKJi-fe, mh, KOHenHO, no- 
xpeôoBajiH hmchho ara npOAyKTbi. Hac*b npiirvtacHJiH bi> AOM'b, 

TA^ HaCb BCTp-feTH^M nOiKMiîafl X03HHlCa H e« A04b> H31ï-3a KO- 

Topolî to mh, coâcTBeHHo, h aBHJiHCb. CMyMaa, nepHoOKaa, 
cxpOHHaH k3kt> TaseAb, 3o3yjifl (raicb bb^jiu KpacaBHuy) ôwjia 
AtËcxsHxe^bHo nopa3HTeju>HO xopoiua coôoh. Eh ABH^ceniH 



— 17 — 



ncwiHH HâpyiomeK rpaiiiu, cKpoMHbiH saop-b nojioin» H*krci* fljiaB- 
H3H noxo^Ka HanoMHHaet'b npocTopi> cTeneil H, iioaoÔho TOiwy 
Kaicb b-b HeoS'bflTHOft uinpH CTénHOH mhoto necrpOTb KpacoK-b, 
nbiiuHbix-b qe-feTOB-b, CB-biy h B03Ayxa — ho He Aocxaerb pasHO- 
oôpasin khshh, pacKaTOB-b en ÔopbÔbi, — B-b Sosyjit, aoqepH 
KaÔap^HHCKMXTï noJiefi h Jiyrosi), — nopaxcaerb ta mt mohotoh- 
HOCTb ABHacemft, to xce o-rcyTCTBie orna* hchshh bi> npeicpac- 
Hbixt oqaxu LllHTbiH 3o;iOTOM-b ca$bsitloBbiH Ty4>e^bKH, ne- 

CXpbïH OieJlKOBHH TKaHH tOÔQlCb H XaJIâTâ, 30J10THH 3aCTeaCKH 

^Hrapo — eecb koctiomt* KpacaBHiibt yAHBHTejibHO rapMOHHpyerb 
c-h en HapyiKHOCTbio* Jlnuib n.iocicafl rpyab CTermoiï jihjiïh He- 
npisiTHo nopaîKaeT'b B3op*b, Jlmm oôhman xyseMueB-b ctsepHaro 
KabKasa! Bt paHHCM-b Boapacrfe AfeBOMKa 3auiHBaeTCJi bt» ko- 
aœHHbiïï KOpceT-b, m^ Koroparo ne BbiKOAH-rb ao ahh CBaAbôbi* 
Bt> ôpaMHyio H04b My-M^h y^apoM^b KHHHca^a paspiaaeïTï Ko>Ky 
h 0CB060HCAaerb nec^acTHyio KepTBy tbmu h Hes-feiKecTBa* Ko- 
ata CTHFHBaeTT> $opMbi pefieHKa, He Aaei"b pacnycTHTbCsi ntm- 
HOMy no^eBOMy UB-feTKy; Cko^bko njiocKO-rpyAUx-b jv^Boweicb, 
He npeBpaTHBUJHCb bo B3pocJiHx"b ^euiMHH-b, Haxayrb, Ôojrfciorb 
h npeac^eBpeMenno yMKpaioT'b orb qaxoTKH» Bi> noarkAKie ro- 
%w Aaace fio/rfee HuxejuiiireHTHbie Myjuibi BbiCKaabïBaïQTCH npo- 
thbt> 3Toro BapsapCKaro oôbmaH. Ho oht> eme îKHB'b bii ro- 
paxi> m jiHiUb Mejuienno yMHpaerb, yrrynaa M-fecro cospeMeH- 

HBJM'b 3ApaBblMT> nOHflTi»Ml> O KpaCOrb H 5KeHCTBeHHOCTH, 

PoAHTe™ 3o3yjiM, bhaho, npHHaAJiemaJiH icb caMbiMij Ky^bTyp- 

HblMTj M%CTHbIM*b KHTeJllïM'b, O 4eM~b CBMA^Te^bCTBOBa^a IJJBefl- 

Hafl Mauimia, Kaicb to ne rapMOHHposaBiiiaH co Bceïï npMMHTMBHOM 

ofiCTaHOBKOÔ CaKJlM. Hh CTO^OBIj, HM CTyJlbeB'b» KOHeHHO, HÊ 

ôujio Bii Heâ, 3aTo bo bch> cT'fcHy bt> yniyfijieHUf bi> bur^ 
uiKa^a jie)Ka.iH no^yiuKH h nyuiMCTbjfl oji^hjib., 

HHuia npHKpbiTa KpacHBofi ôaxpoMtiaTofl saHaetcbio, hm- 
cnycKâiomeftcH ott> noTOJïKa 40 seM^AHOro ncrca. 

Bii no^oBHny OAHHHa^uaTaro mw nOKHHy/m rocTenpÎMMHysï 
ctH« «ynpaB^ewm* 1 m no yaeHbKHM'b y^Huan-b ay^a cnycTM^HCb 
m* BaiccaHy. FIo HeôojîbtiiOMy, BerxoMy Mociy nepe-fexa.in na 
npasbiâ deperb p-biCH. Otcioa3 bo secb Aâ.TïbHtfluiiH nyxb mu 
ne pascraBà^HCb ci» MyrHUMH so^aMM BaKcaHa, ATa>KytcMHCKiH 
moctii, nepBwfl moctiï qepea-b BaKcaHi> r KOTopHfi mh nepeta- 
ma^M, nocTpoeH'b m-b KaMHfl h ^epesa. flo o6t CTopoHbt ptKH 



— 18 - 



*axb 

no- 

mm 



H3-b orpoMHb3xi> Ba.iyHOB'b ycrpoenbi a3m6h. Ki» HHM-b npn- 
KptruieHbi TOJiCTbiH Kpyrjiufl ôpeena, neMHoro ne AocTHraimaïH 
cepeAHHbi p-feKn, a na âpeBHax-b AocqaTan HacraJiKa* Jïockh 
bctxh, MeiK^y hhmh HHTepBajibî. ZLflHea Mocra calcul» 12 — 15, 

MOCTb BO 2-M*b ÀTa/KyKHHCKOMTî àyjl'k npHHaAJtejKMTb KTi ca- 

mljmij npo4HHM-b iia-b BaKCajiCKHXTi Mocxos-b. H3*b-3a Hero cne- 
UiajibHO mm h nprbxajm bt> sTorb ayjrb, mmhob3bt> nirrepecHoe 
cejieaie BaiccaHi> Ha npaBOM-b ôepery pfeica, ki> KOTopony nepe 

npEBJlfltOTCfl TOJIbKO BÔpOATn 

B-b }KapnyK> nopy ro^a (bt> KQHirfc îk>hh h bi* îio/rfc), KOF£a 
nojib îKryqHMH jiyqaMH toiKHaro GOJiHua xaiOT-b jieAHHKH, nHTa- 
romie BaKcaH-b, h 6e3V topo innpoKaa ptKa pa3jmBaercfl Ha- 

CTOJIbKO Bis HIHpHHy, 4TO CMbLBaeTb BC* ÎKâJIlrîe MOCTW, nepC- 

ÔpomeHHbte Hepes-b en xpeôerb. EjKeroAHO noExopueTca axa 

HCTOpiîï, HO y )KHTeJieft HtT-b Cpe^CTB-b H B03M02KH0CTH CKOBaXJ 

pticy t a npaBHTejibcxBo, icb eoHtajrfeHiio, ne npMxo^HTb Ha 
Momb ropuaMi». MM-b npeAocxaBjmeTcsï coôcTBeHHHMM chji 
BbtnyTbiBaTbcsi B3i> xa^KOfi 6-feAbi. Bt> pesy^ibrarfe, B'b xeqe 
nie H'fecKOJibKHx^b M-fecïmeB-b B-b rOAy> ropCKia oëmecxsa, HÔesii 

TOrO He OCOÔeHHO X%CHO CBflSaHHbîH Cb KyJibTypHbïlTb MlpOM-b, 

nopusaiorb cb hhm-b yjfCb BCHKyTo cBfl3b, oKOHuarejibHo sa- 
MypasviMBaioTCfi B-b cbohxt> rjiyxHx-b ^eôpax-b. 

3a MocTOMii KpyTO noBOpaHHBaeM'b Ha K>fb npoxHBb t 
MeHisi BancaHa kt> jieAHHKaM'b SjtbGpyca, Tpa^a rop*b no 06% 
CTopoHbi ptKH oTOABHHyra Aajieico otij ero 6eperoBT>. HanpaBO 
orb AoporH BOJiHHCTaa jihhîh xojiMOB'b ycbflHa KâMHHMH; ohh 
OKafiMMfOT'b Becb rpefieHb, pa3CbinaHbi no CKJioHaMT> xpeôxa, 
bt> xaoTH i iecKOM'b 6e3nopfiA^'fe Bptaajmcb bt? cxcnb. 

Mepes-b nac-b ta^w» mu ômjiu btd I-M-b AxajKyKHHCKOMT> 
ayat, OTCioflmeM'b 0T*b III-ro na BepcTH 3 — 4, S^tcb mm 3ana- 
cjiHCb cb%3khmb npOAyKxaMH, npMKynH^H x;rfe6a h 6apaHMHbt. 
C"b coôoâ mu b3hjih Ha (> qe^OBtR-b A»a ny^a x^%6a } ho ace 
)Ke bî> ayjit mm 3aKynHJ!H enje 2 x^itôa, ôoncb, hto nyieme- 
ciBie saTHKeTCîi, a Aajibme, aa Axa^KyKHHbijvrb, 3a cothh Bepcx-b 
KpyroM'b, mokho AOcraTb jimiub np-fecHbifl KyKypysHHH jieneuiïttL 
IloAo6HbiH n x,Tfe6 r b u He s*b CHJiax*b BbiHecTH h caMbïft 3Aopo- 
bhh esponeâcKift Hte.iyAOK-b, 

Bi> ropaxiï ace nuieHHHHaro xJit6a He Aocxaib hh 3a Ka 




— 19 — 






KÎa WHbrH; Bivrfecrfc ci> KaôapAOH KOHqaeTCH h noncb ero paC- 
npocTpaueHifî,,. 

CaK^fl, kt> KOTOpOM mu nOA*bixajin cnpocuTb, rA'b Haxo- 
AMTCîi JiaBKa, OKaaaJiacb xapqeBnen. Ona cocTOHJia m3t> Rhyxrb 
KOMHaT-b — B-b nepBoft njiHTa, BTOpaa aaKycowafl, — hh3kbh Jia* 
tiyra Cb aeMJiHHHM'b nojiOM-b, SeB-b BCHxoft Mefiejm, KpOM-fc Ae- 
peBHHHoli TaxTbi; Ha Aoc^arofi crkut Ha^nHCb no pyccKH— „Ka- 
ôapAHHCKaa xapqeeHH", B-b icyxiit BapHJica KaôapAHHCKÎH cyn-fc— 
joieôcb 41 . Bi> ôojibiuoivrb KOTJit, rpasHOM-b, 3aKonrbjioMT> BHy- 
xpH h CHapy>Kn t Kiintjia bi> boa^ 6yp&a H3i* f ipanmibi BM-fecrb 
cb KOMceft, nepueirb, ropunuen h co^bio. H nonpoôOBaJiii eynT>, 
m y mchh aaicpymH^acb rojioaa on* piï3KarG, ncnpisiTHaro sa- 
naxa BapeHoa ko>kh m bojïoci*. Ham-b H3B034mc*b ci* 6o/ibuiHMi> 
anneTMTOM'b CKyuiajrb MHCky Rvieôca,— «AGnieBan h cepAHTasi" 
riHiua : sa iwiaK-b Aaiorb 6oj\huiyio nauiKy sroro HeB03MO>KHaro 
se^ibH* 

BepuyBiLiMCb K-b cbohmi> cnyTHHq,aM-b, ocraBiiiHMCH B*b 

CTCnM, Mbt ïiailIJIH ILX'b OKp> f >Ke»HbTMH XOpOBOAOMb B-feAbM*b. Be- 

3o6pa3HbiH cïapyxH cyemjmcb BGKpyrb ^yprowa, ôeaucpeMOnHO 
omynbîBaa HaïuHx-b cnyxHKu-b, to rjiam Hx*b fitjihifl pyioi, to 
xMXHKaH HaAi> hhmh. Jluiub qaho pyccKoe caûbo ofipamMoeb 

Bl> TOJirrb — M KypCOBOfl a , flOBHAHMOMy BtAbMbl CHHTaJIH nacb 

pKypcoBHMH 1 '. Tyrb a BuepBhie y61sAH^CJi, nacKOJibKû nonyjia- 
pcii-b cTajrt> B"b ropax'b h Acuiaxi» KaBKa3aTepMHHTi .KypcoBOiV, 
KâîCfc HashiBaioTi» na KaBKaacKMX'b MnnepajibHyxij BoAax'b h bi> 
HajibHMK'b HHoropoAiîuxii, npitxasmHX'b na KypopTbi , r Ha 
Kypcb" — oTAoxHyrb hjîh noJïeHMTbca, Bt> eaMbixT> ahkhxt> sa- 
xo^ycTbHXiï HajibHHHCKaro oxpyra, ia^ bo BceMi* ay^i-fe Bbi He 
cbtiuexe h oAHofi AywH, noHHMaiomeft pyccKyto p-feqb, bw 
yc;ibiujHTe jmuih oaho pyccKoe caobo — „KypcoBOft?" Ch bo- 
npocoMTï oSpameHKoe ki^ BaMi». 3to Manmectcoe caobo mhofo 
roBopiiTiï cepAuy ropua. HeB-feAûMO KaKHMH nyxflMM ao ntra 
aoumo, mto nHypcoBofi 14 — Ôoratufi, 6e3nenHbïH pyccKiw, npit- 
xaBttfifi H3AaJiexa bt> Ha^b^HK-b h/ih h;j n BoAbr* cnycTHTb na- 
KonMBQJHiCH H3JUfiueKi> Aeiierb M oôoraTiiTb Kpaîî; hto „Kypco- 
boh 61 3TO Ta oBua, KOTOpyK) A^^ax-b, no oahok coBpeMeHiion 
ropcKon ^ereHAt, nocjiajn> cbohm^ npaBOB-bpnbiMi> çunaiffe, 
Bo^uieGHafl OBua, na KOTopofi, cKOJibKD 6u ee ne CTpurAB, BMHrb 
HbîpocraeT'b cHOBa Ht^nas h fioraxaa mepcTb. BuponeMii, eme 

2 




~ 20 - 

OAHMM-b pyCCKHMl> CJLOBOM-b o6orameH*b rOpCKilï JieKCHKQïrb 

9TO cjiOBOM-b „tieprb\ KorAa kt> (Jjyprotiy noAonjjia TG/ma npe- 
xopomeHbKHX'b ^-beyineK-b h y mëha weBOJibHO BbipBajiocb : 
»»Heprb nofiepM, Kmin xopouieHbKÎa l w — oKpyiKaBiuisi Hacb cxapyxH 
noxAâJiHCb Hasa^Tï, Cb HeHaBMCTbïo rm&n na mchh, Cb yaca- 
comt> 6opMona — B qeprb*, B ieprb B . Koe-ican-b yAajioeb Hx-h 

yCnOKOMTb H 06-bîICHHTb, HTO MOe 3aM'l3HaHÏe He K*b HHIVrbOTïlt 
CHJlOCb. 

B-b no^eHb mm noKHiiy^ ArajKyKiwo I, nocji-fe^HÎft ayji-b 
KaÔapAH, 

HeH3MisHHO BbiCTHJiaeT-b crenb imipoKoe ymejibc BaKcaiia. 
3a ayjîOMiî, y p-feia* CHona nouiAH MorMJibi; cnpa&a— CKa- 
^HCTaîî rpfl^a npopuBaeTCH, 3aïcaH4HBa«cb nuKOM-b Xapa- 
Kxopa, BbicoKD B3^yMafomHMCH naA'b cTenflMH, PacnojiaraeMCfl 
y Aoporu oô-fe^aTb. noJiorie fiepera Bancana b^. 3tomi> m^ct1 
KpyTH h bhcokh. npaBhrii Geperb otb^cho cnycKaeTca kt> p1 

Kt Cbpofi CT'bHOH, CJ1ÛBHO BUJlOHCettHOH H3Ti MaCC'HBHHX'b KHp- 

mraeft. MyTHue sajibi Batccana ct> r/iyxHMTi ryjiOM-b y^apHncb 
o noAHOHCbe crbHu, to OTCKaKWBafl, to chobs Haôtran Ha née, 

yrccb Xapa-Xopa, Koxopbuï Kaaajiocb nocjrfa AiaïKyKHKo 
3aKaH^HBaeTT> coôoh xpeôerb, neo>KHAaHHO ofinapyxcHjrb 1 1 ayô- 

iaTb!X*b BepLUHH-b B-b Bif^t CKaJlHCTHXl> nHpaMHflli, yxoAflimtxi 

BnpaBOj Ha torosanaAU Mu AOJiro /roôosajiHCb opHFHHa/ibHbiMH 
OHepTaninMH ropi* h TmeTHO rtbiTa/iHCb HaeocTpHTb cboïo 4>ae- 
Ta3ûo t AaÔH yBHAtTb Ha rpefiHi cHJiysTu coôaivM" h îcaôaiia, 
HMeHeMT> KOTopbixii h nposBaJiH KaôapAHtmbi yrecTi. 

Bi» H'bcKO^bKHX'b BepCTax-b oT-b ÀTatfcyKBHCKaro ayjia, ci 
cbsepo-aanaAn, nonmiy BaKCana nepectitaerb sejieHoe ymejibc, 
no KOTopoMy Tenerb p-bioi ryHAejieH*b, Y ace b% cyMepnax'b Mbt 
nepcfcxajiii p-bKy. J\aneKO BnpaBO ene-e^e bhahIwich o/moHMen- 
uhùï ayjvh, Hace^eiïHbiH ropuaMH,. FyHAeJieH'b oahutï m% caMbixi> 
ôojibiHHX'b ay/ioBi» BancaHCKaro ymejibH. Bt* hcmtj rq 100 abo- 

pÛBTi H £0 3 Va TUCHTb JKHTe.HCH. 

3a p-bMKofl bô^hsh AOporu, aflEHHHHfi pH^'bj y)iœ 

AtHHblX'b H3MH y Ky^eHCTOBO, CTapHHUblX'b MOrHflbHUX'b 

ÔaïueH'b. M HàCHHTaJi^ 11. CnncaHHasi et o^Horo H3iï MorHrtb- 
iihkobt» wa^nHcb, st ttepeBOA'fe ctj apaôcKaro, rjiacH^a ^- SA^Cb 
noKOHTcw tueHT'b, cbiH'b 6eKa 3aicapba-TeMHpT 3 -ByiiaT , b.,. 









L>1 - 



CyMepKM crymajiHCb, h Phat> 6c3M0Jibhwxti MorM;n> no 
TOHyji-b bt* cHHeM-b xyMaH-k JIoldeah ejie-ejie nJieîyTCfl. y^ce 
BpeMfl pacnoJiOHtMTbCfl Ha ncwJierb, ho Kpyroivrb 6e36pe>KHaa 
crenb- hh AepeBua.HH npiiRpHiia, Bo BJiaïKHOH bo^îm ymi* bma- 

H-feïOTCH MpaHHUïI KOHTypbl FOp-b, K% KOTOpHM*b Mbï npHÔJlHMa- 

enicsi. Jlencifi noA'beM'b h cnyctcb kt> pfeirh. 

Y ecfexTï pa^ocTHO BocnpHHyji'b Ayxii— Ha rjiâAKoii 6-fejiOH 
KaMeimofi n»nomaAK'b BHAH-feeTCH pa^-b xHJKHH-b. CocKaKHBaeMi, 
Cb (J)yprona h Ô^ysŒWb K-b HHM-b. yew! no/iHoe paso^apo- 
ftMie* 

riepeA^ naMH cbpbifi CKa^bi — rpoMaAHtiH cjiobho othojih- 
pûBaiiHbie uitokh, KOHTypaMH nopasHrejibHo HanOMHHaiomifl ca- 
kjho c-b nOKaTOâ Kpuuieft. Ohh OTÔpacuBaiorb &n ce6n th- 

raHTCKÎSÏ MCpTBtJa T"faHH ? pt3KO BhIA'fiJIfllOmisiCfi Ha CB'BTJIOM'b 

<})OH*b CKajiHCTbïX'b 6eperoB'b noTûica. IlocpeAH TtHCH mh pacno- 
jioïkujih Haun> ÔMByax-b. 

Kocrep-b pa3JiQ3Khm B*b uiem cmnu. ^pos-b ôbuio 
Ma:io. Ci> 6ojibiuiiMii TpyAOMt mh Hatium cyxiîi menti, Borb 
BtcTb 0TKyzi,a npwHeceHHbm boaoh, npHxoAHJiocb nojmca 6po- 
AHTb c*b ^onapeM-b no rJiaEKJOTb KaMeHHbiMi> njiHTâMi. H3i>»3a 
majucaro KycKa Aepeea. ycra/ibifl hofh CKOJib3în"b no KaMHHM'b, 
4>onapb ejie-ejie MepuaeTt h eaceceKyHAHO roTOBt noTyxnyTb, 
a apobi> Bce h-etts h irfaTb. HaKOHeu'bj mu ct> TQBapHmeivrb 
o6p1yiH utJiHH chviaA*b Ba/ie>KHHKa h HacHJiy nepenec^H ero 
bt> 6ypK-b K-b HaïueMy onary. KaK*b secejio h Kpacnso B3ANMa- 
jiMCb a3biKH nJiaMeHH, ocBfcmag yrpioMbifl CKajibiOŒmHHbi, crajib- 
Hyto noaepxHocTb KOTJioBMHbï h mypuatujH CTpyn noroKa, FIosaho 
HOMbïo npHTHxiï Ha mis fiHByaK'b. Biï BosAyx'b TMiiiMHa nopa3H- 
Te/ibna*i. /lapine n/ioiuaAKH, Ha KOTOpoû cna/in nauiu cny-rmi- 
Ubî, h Te^tiKKH im srH He BHAHTb, Bohsmbû xpanaTi. ^ouiaA«; 
qyTb-'iyTb T^teT'b KOCTepi», Hana^HCb AofipOBO^bHO Ha/iomeii- 
hhîi Ha ce6ïi MyKH Aea<ypcTBa. Ci^ ropï* noAyjn» xo^OAHwfl 
^eAHHûô B'Biep'b. KyTaeiubCH bx. 6ypKy ( B*b oa^h^o, ho ohi> 
Bce me npOHH3biBae'rb nacKB03b t EAHHCTBeEiime cnacCHie cnpa- 
TaTbCfl cii py>KbCM r b aa xejitroâ, ^xo a h A-buaiOt CHAHiub na 
Abîiu^ bt> xopooiewb npMKpHTÎH. Be3M0JIBie HOMH HaB'bBaeT'b 
coht>. Hap^AKa BCTaeuib, qToôbï nopa3MHTb 3aMJi1>Biiiie HJienbi. 
Py^KO npOHOCHTCH no CKajiaMii yAapu no KaMHio nOAÔHTEJxii 
rB03A**Mii canorb. Ohm TOK-b oahhokh h TaKi> AHcrapMo 






HiipyiOT-b c-b h'^motûh Hoqn, hto BcfeMK cHJiaMH cxapaeiubcsi 33- 
rjiyiiiHTb Hxt,. HeoiKH^aHHOj co Bcbx*b cxopon-b nomibuiH 3eyKH. 
Jlaft coôaicb, S^enaie OBeirb, pMcanie JiomaAefi — cjuuuicb bt* He- 

CTpoâHHH XOp-b. Orb HeBMAHMHXT> nOHeCJMCb npHtiyAJlHBbTfl 

^BHmymiHC3 x^hm. HaKotreirb, no;cb HaBHciuHMH cKajiaMH noa- 
BHJicsi Me^eHHo cKOJib3fliuiii qepHbifi, qepH^e hohh, cHJiyerb 
BCa^eHKa B-b Cypicfe, c/iMBiuaroca eb KoneM*b. CoGaKH ncmyfljm 
nyTeiuecTBCfiHHKOB'b h KHHyjiMCb Ha Hacu C-b CojibiiiHM'b Tpy- 
Aoarb nacxyx-b, (KaKi. noroM'b BbiacHHJiocb) y^ep^aji-b ax%. 
ropeirb, noA'b'kxaJrb, ÎIooijih AJinHEbie, 6e3CBH3Hbie Banpocbi h 

OTB'bïN, TH>KeJlbïe K3KT> HO^b, COHHfeie — téflftft en 6e3MOJIBie, 

cMyTiibie— KaK-b CRepxaHiîi AaJibHHx*b BepuiHH-b. Hnqero ne ocxa- 

JlOCb B-b rtaMSTH H3-b HOHHOH ÔeCÈAbl Cb rOpue^Tb, IlOMHK) JlHUlb, 

nbiHCHH^ocb, qro cxaAO npHHaAJioKiiT'b cbipoBapH-k, OT-b KOTO- 
pofi Mbi HaxoAH^HCb bx* Bepcxaxx, i — ;j-xi>. CbIpT> H Maoïo B*b 
ÔojibinoM-b KommecTB-fe îKMTejiM rop*b npHroxoBji5uox , b AûMaui- 
HMM^b cnocoÔoMTi, u ypycÔieecKaH CbipoBapnH, na mhopo acchx- 

KOBTï BepCTT> KpyrOM'b, ÎTB^HeTCH eAHHCTBeHHblM'b H3*b IlQAÛÔHa- 

ro pOAa npeAnpiflTiw, nocxaBJîeHHbrivn* Ha umpoicyra nory, pa3- 

CqHTbTBaTOmHM-b UÛ MaCCOBOH CÔbIX*b. 

TIshh noAHHJiHCb K-b nOA^eMy h cttpbMHCb bo Mrjrb, Cho 

Ba H OCiaJlCH OAHlffa H3 OAHH'b CO BJia)KHOH H04blO. B'Exep'b 

Ayiiii rto npejKHeMy, xojiOA'b ycRrcajtcsL 

Ky^epi*, JieHcaBiiiift noA^ ffryprùHOttli npocHyjicsi, npoKJiH- 
naa xo/ioA'b» »Qro, y)Ke xpH qaca 41 , sasopMa^^ oh^, yicasbiBan, 
B-b noATBepiKAenie CBOHX*b cjiOB-b, Ra craamee bmcoko bx. Heôt 
apKoe co3Bis3Aie Capfctaplb, naicb ohi. ero Hassan* Mbi aah-y- 
Pmjih MaxopKy h noAct^H wh yne noxyxmeMy Kocxpy. 3ajKivin 
xRopocT'b; BMHfb BcnwxHyjio njiaMïi, pa3AyBaeMoe B^rpoMi»; 

CHOnbl SO^OTbJX'b HCKpTs BbïpHBaJÎHCb H31i paCÏI^e/lHHbî, fOpH fip- 
KHMH a^Ma3aMH B^b tiepHOH H04H. MU Cb H3B03MHKOM-b 

MO^na KOnoniHJiiiCb y KocTpa, Ay^an KamAbin cbohj Ay^y. 

— HoBAHie cnaTb GapHH'b, HCTOMHxecb,— cepAenHo oâpa- 
tvuick ohti ko mh^, — h y>Ke sa Bac-b noAe>Kypto. H bt> caMOMT* 
A^t, nopa B CAaTb CM'feny 1 '. H paaôyAH^iXi xOBapiiina, jiert> 
ua aho 4>yprOHa, saKyxaBUJHCb B>b 6ypKy h BUHVb sacHy^iii 
CHOMi, npaBeAHHKa* 

yxpCMiniii xo^oa^ pano pasÔyAHJTb Haci> bc^xt». Hacicopo 
aaKycHBiuH, xpoiiyjmcb c*b Mtcxa. IlpeABapHTejibHo npHiu^ocb 



- 23 - 



noABecTH H-bcKOJibKO neqajibHbix-b moros-b, MsBoaHHK'b, OKasa- 
jtocb, oÔMaHyjrb nacb KpyroMii: ;iomaAH ôhum hstd pyx'b BOH-b 
fijioxh, h caM-b oo3HHua crajrb norOBapHBaTb, ^to ohh HaspflA'b 

JIH AOBCSyT-b AO iVkJIH; K*b TOMy }Ke BWHCHHJlOCb, tlTO HSBOS^HK-b 

CQBpajrb, yTBep>KAaaj hto snaerb Aopûry, — bt> A'feilCTBHTeJibHo- 

CTH, OHt yKTî 15 Jl-ferb SA'feCb Ut ÔbUTb H xenepb CQBeplUeHHO 
He MOr'b OpîeHTHpOBaTbCH B-b MtCTHOCTH. jlame CHpOBapHH, FAt 

Mbi pa3C4HTbiBajiH npononeBa-rb, mh hc moivih nantii. OAwatco, 
npotxaBmH CBbTiue 45 sepCT-b, ne 6buio CMwaaa B03BpamaTbCH 
Ha3aA"b- H Hani*b (^yproHi. 3aeTyqajrb no KaMHHM-b, mca^chho- 
MeA^cHHo noABHraïiCb BnepeA^. PtAKaa no iimpoTt crenHan 
AOJMna BaKcana ocrajiacb ïio33ah; mbi BT/fca^aeM'b B-b ymejibe. 
OîCioAa ao HaypyaoBCKaro xyTGpa, KapTHtia yme/ibn npnôjm- 
3HTe;ibH0 oAMHaKOBa: rpOMaAHbi^ CKa^bi, HaBHcuiiH Ha;rb Aûpo- 
rofl, ctpuMj yrptoMbtM tohtk 

OTli M*feCTa CTOHHKH nOAHHMaeMCfl FI-feCKO/tbKO B-b BbiCb. 

Aopora BbeTCw y caMofl Crfenu, KpyTO B3ABïMaK>iuencH HaAt» 
ptKOil HesaM-fexHO jxjisi ivias-b, xpeôrbi no o6t CTopoHbi BaK- 
cana cTanOBHTCH Bce Bbime h BHiiie, ocoôenno cjitBa. Ci> Kaat- 
awmi> marcwb yme/ibe cyatuBaeTCfl, ne nepecxaBan nopaacaTb 
r-rcas^ njHpoTOii ropH3otJTa, rpaHAiaauQCTbio nepcneKTHBbi. 

Gawas npHnyA^MBaH 4>aHTa3i« ne npHAyMaerb Himero opH- 
niHa^bH'be coHeramti cbpbïx*b cKajn* BaKcancKaro ymejibH. To 
ncpeA'b uaMH» na yxoAameM"b bt> noAne6ecbe rpeÔH*fc ropbi, bh- 

pHCOBNBaK)TCH KOHTypH KpyrAHX*b KaMeifllUXTi 6aUICH*b, OCTpblX-b 
KOJIOHIj, rpOSHblXlj ÔaCTÎOHOB-b, — * TO H3 UJHpOKOH CKa/lHCTOH 

n^iomaAK-fe, BHCOKO-BbicoKO mjx'h 6yâHHMi> BaKcanoMT>, îkhbo- 
nucHO «tnatcs ki> rfepoiuy Maccuay Berxifl pyntibi CTapmoiaro 
saMKa. rjiasiï hcho pasjnmaerb 3y64aTWfl crfenbi, ôauiiîM co 

CTp'fejlbWaTblftW 0KH3MH, 6oHHHLJbï. BOH"b Ha BblCTyili^ CTtHbl IR> 

3bi6^ewo yKp-bniyiacb» rpoBHO odpamennaH bt> AO^nny, KptnocTb, 
— nopaaHxevibHO noxo>Ka« Ha HcicyccTBeHHO coaAaniibifl pyKaMH 
He^oB'bKa CenTh-PoTapACKifl TBepAHHH. Bii oahomt^ M"bcT% oTt 
cbparo MaccHaa OTAt^H^acb ocTpaa Gaaa^bTOBafî KOJioHHa h, 
c^obho rHraHTCKÎH K.ibïK-b, nr>BHc;ia naA"b ptitofl, OTopaCbiBan 
TeMHyio Tfcnb na xpeGen». HpOTHB^b hch nepetsacaiorb no2-My 
Mociy na /ifeubiii fiepen* BaKcana* C-b MOCTa CJibîtueiiiî ahkhi, 
6e3yMHbiîi pesi» BaKcana. M^e^nbie ea-iw ero HcyAepiKHMOj bi^ 
cTpaCTHOWb jiopwB'b ôtryTi* no cKa^awbt TmeTno aumcb Bbip- 



— 

BaTbCfl H3T* XOJlOAHbtXTî ofi-bflXÎH ymejlbfl. TpOXOTl. KaTSlIUHXCfl 

BajïynoB'b, boh p-fetCH, ntiKHoe CopMOTaHie ntiibi — xaocb ssy- 

KOBT>, CJlHBUJliXCH B*b rp03HbHÎ KOHUCpX'b, 

Ha npaBOM-b ôepery KpacuBbtH npirpoAHHfi 3aMQKT> na rpeô- 
H-fe xpcdxa, cnycKafomaroca K-b p-bx-fe qexbipbMH mraHTCKHMH 
TeppacaMH, BeJiK^ecTBeHHO cfepbiïi crbHbi rposno B3AHMaioxcsi 
«a HHx-b. Baepxy, Ha cKJiOH-fc, ox-oHBatox-b ôapxaxoivrb a^bniiicKie 
ayra, ox-b HHJKHHx'b cx-fen-b 40 noua BarccaHa cnycKaexca rycTofi 
qepHbifî jrfecb. Raio* to He3aM-fexH0 HSM-hiiHJiacb oKpacKa yme^ba, 
FoJtbiH ckrjiu Hapn^HJïHCb B-b se/iCHbin OAe>K^bi. CnpaBa eme ao* 
MHHHpyeT-b cfepHH TOK-b, ho jilïBbïH dépéri npîsTMo nopamaex-b 
B3opy aejieHMMH rupjmHAaMH, oKaâftuiHiomHMJi Bcpuimibi ropi>. M 
AO caMHx-b jieAHHKOB-b 3jib6pyca 06a ôepera HeHSMtHHo coxpa- 
hhjih cbom KOji^opHT-b : QAtfH-b rposno-BeflimecTBeHHbiH, yrpioMO- 
cfcpbtïï, Apyroti MfirKifi, trfc)KHOJîacKaioii*iM Bsopu, 

Aopora H3BHBaexCH Kaieb sM-ba, Ci» ïoro-BocxoKa AO^HHy 
BaKCana népecfeKaerb KpaeHsoe, nopocmee jiicoATh ymejibe, no 
KOTOpoMy cTpeMHie^bHo neceTCH B-h BaKcan-b 6-knan oxi* nt- 
nbi ptMKa Bpy-Kojrb-Cy. 

Cnyctcb kt> noTOKy Kpy rb h onaceH"b. JlomaAH cxajin, 

ÔOHCb HATH. 

3a noA'beMOM'b Aopora fiowjia no HeeucoKOMy bjiocko- 
ropbio; owa otxoahxt> Bjrfcso or'b BancaHa, ôjmme ktj ropaM-b. 
BnepeAH HasHCiniH crfeHhi ymejiba coMKHy/iHCb, 3a hhmh, bt> 
TyMaHHOH a^Jih, nepHteTTî BbicoKaa ropa h npoCBkmiBaexCEaJiMas. 
Bas nojiocKa &%HHaro entra, FloâaAH — nojiyoxKpbixbiH, iimpoicifi 
F0pH30HT"b h 3axoA*îmie Apyr^ 3a Apyra noKaxwe xpedxy; H3T3 
efepoft Mrjihi BbiptïcoBbiBaïOTca 3yÔ4aTbîe BepiuHHbi Xapa-Kxopa, 

CHOBa pt^Ka — BeAbiK^b-Cy» d'ferymâH no nepecbKâiomeMy 
Ao^HHy BaKCana aoiBonHCHOMy ymeabKX Cnycicb K'b noTOKy 
Hpe3BbmaHHO Tpy/jêH'b. npuxoAHxcsi txaxb no pasopocaHHHM-b 
bt> xacTHMecKOMii desnopaAKlà rpoMaAHHMi* KaMHgM'b, yefeHBa- 
lomHM'b Jiome BeAHKiï-Ly. Tenepb yaœ co BCix'b cTopon-b ro- 

pHSOHT'b 3aMKHyTU Mbl BT> rHraHTCKOH KaMeHHOH K^tlKt, BTj 

ueHTpt OBajia, — bi> iiiHpoKofl xeMHHq^, no^HoA KpacoK"b CB"bïa 
h Bos^yxa. Ho KyAa He KHHeiob B3opii, ohi* eciOAy naxbiKaeTCH 

Ha Fp03HO H^MblîI rpOMaAbl, C%pWMH BHKaMH noAnKpaiomHMH 

ro^y6oe He6o. yrpioMbifl cxtiibi Aa^eKH oxt> Bacb, ho ohm bcc 
>Ke cxtHbi TiopbMbi. BnepeAH, bi> bua^ nepeBepHyxoiî ^Hpw, 






— 25 — 



KpaCHBo BSAHMaiOTCfl Ki» Ty^aM'b, cjiobho ABa pora — Bopoia 
yme/iba, l^.ajri>Ke K'b Etani», noAT> otb%chwmh cKajiaMH npsMyTCH 
6t/ibtc aommkh nocejiKa. CnpaBa, fia BbicTyn-b aejieHoii ropbi, no- 
cpeAH aJifc.nmcKHX'b jiyroB-b, B03BbnuaioTCH paaBa^tiiHbt npHpOA* 
naro 3aMKa, — noJiypaaBa^HBiuiaCH CTtubi, renyyscKiîi 6auiHH. 

Mu trpMÔJïHiKaeMcn K*b niratiTCKofi /iupt, Koropan Bce 
oïxoaht^ 0Tb narb. noA*bCMbi h cnycKHp Xlopora hactt> y ca- 
Moii ct%hm Ha ai» BaKCaiiOM-b* BvfcajKaeM-b bi* BOpora, o6pa30- 

liaiIJIblH AByMH CTOHmiiMH y AOpOFH CKHiiaMM; OTb HBX% KpyTOii 

enycrb K-b opHninajibHOMy MocTy iepe3*b EaKcaKt. Aopora 
irbcKOJibKO calent BbercH y caMoiî pfcK», a aaT^M-b no MocTy 
nepexoAHT-b Fia ji-baufl 6epcn>. 

HaA'b MOCTOM-b» na bmcokoh oCpbiBiiCTOH CKa/rb uapHT-b 
hhai» OKpecTUNMH ropaMH h pbKaivm xyrop'b khh3h HaypyaoBa. 
HaA'b caMbiMi, o6pbiBOM-b 6t/rbiorb caK^H h noJiypaspyweHHaH 
crbea. no MbttUHHOÎi rporrli HaA'b j\,oporoH % noAHMMaeMCH k*b 
KHH)KecK0My AOMy. Mepe3i> yseHbKyio KajïHTKy B-b crfeat bxo- 
Ahmt> bo BHyTpeHHiH ABop-b— KJrfeTKy. Uo ji-fesyio pyny KpacH- 
Bbiiî oAn03T3)Ki!biH aom^ co catTAHuen, Hacb BCTp-fcqaerb CTa* 
pyxa ropKa, hh ciOBa ne j oBopsmafl no pyccicn, iltTu npnnecjiH 
H'bcKOJibKO Hameirb qy^ecHaro ropuaro nanMTKa — afipaHy. Bity- 
comii noxotfvui Ha Kecjnip'b, aiipaH-b ropa3AO nHTaTe;ibH'be ero: 
oin> ocB^maerTï, npMAaei'b cnjiy u ôoapoctb, yTojiaerb ro/iOA'b 
h HcancAY- 

He AapoM'bBi. HapoAHbixT> snHqecKMX'b cKasaHiax'b o *iyAec- 
huxtî itoABMraxiï repoeB'b-fîoraTwpcH — Haptoa-b, nojiy6orOBT>, 
npapoAHTe^eîi ropueB*b, — afipaHy otboamtca nepBoe Mtcxo cpe- 
ah nucTB-b 6o>KecTBeHnaro cmraa. 

MepesTs Ka^HTKy bouijih s*b Apyrofi ABOp*b, xaiOKe oôhc- 
eemiuii Ô1>jioii crbHOH. Bo bcio AJiHHy A^opa ôoJtbwoii aomt> 
A-fia L ie^aAH h aiy>KÔbi — kohkmuhh, capaH, KyxHH, 3a xy-ropoM-b 
lUHpoKoe naocKoropbe noKpHToe nyinnoti rpaBOH, sejieHbiH ro- 
pbi, yme^be. 

MU nOAHJUlHCb BT> CBtTJlHUy, 4T0 HaA'b caMbiM-b oôpbi- 
BOMli. H3*b OKHa Ctp'felOT'b TOpHUe MaCCHBM, ^epHtiOTli 

/ibca; BHMay ôtryxii c^Abie bojihh BaiccaHa; snpaBo yxoAHTTî 
B-b Aa^ib ajibniiicKin ^y ra, y ctH^aiomie He3bi6/ieMHe MaccuBbi rtc- 

HMHbT. 

PacnpOCTHBUJMCb Cb ^l06e3HWMH X03HflK3MBV HH 3a HT0 HC 



26 — 



MtmBiunmï Bsaxb Cb Hac-b AewbrH 3a mojioko h aHpan-b, mh 
CnyCTH^HCb ICb ptK*fe. 

FIoqTH en^oTHyKJ noAOw;iii SA^Cb ^pyr-b K-b Apyry CTbHbt 
ymejiba. KaacexcH cxoHX'b Miub npoTîmyTb pyKy h bh xpo- 
nexe xojiOAHbie KaMHH npoxHBOnojiGïKHaro ôepera* HaA^ Baic- 
caHOM-b HanpajKemio tjaBHCJm Be™uecTBeHHbrH cfcpbTH rpOMa^H, 
MoK^y hmmu no Koctoaxofi rpmk p^kh nepeôpomeirb yt^bni 
^epeBHHiibiH MocT-b. rpOMa^HbiH yxecb, acHBoriHCHo ^eKOpHpo- 
BaHHbiË aejieHbiM-b ivixofcrb, cjiywnrb ycroeM-b MQCxy. Orroro 

MOCTb HCnpaBHJlbHOfi (fïOpMbî B'b BK^t /ïOMaHHOH JÏHHÎfl Cb hoax>- 

eMcwb B'b cepeA*iH"k. Bnepe^H nero, nocpeAH 6ynjyîomîfXT> Ba- 
jia EaKcana eme xpn yxeca-ocxpOBKa : OABa, yityxaRHaH mtjih- 
cxhiM*b noKpbiaajioMii, 6ojibuiaH cKajia CM-fe^o BptsaJiacb B'b ca- 
Myio cepeAHHy p^KH, Hee^aviCK-fe ^B-fe Apyrîn, qyxb noMeHbiue 
HeycxaHHo dopaxcsi Cb KOCMaxbiMH Bâ^aMK, Ocxpbm nHK-b oa~ 
hoh Aep3K0 BbiraHAbïBaeT-b H3*b n-fenbî, Apyran n/ioeKas, etpaa 
nopasHxe^bHo HanoMHHatomaa peBOJibBep'b, KaK^b 6h npHivfcjur 
Baexca B'b pasbirpaBiuyjocîï cxhxîkl 

OiObho 6'bmeHbifi 3Btpb CKa^ex-b no KaMiiaM-b MHoroBOA- 
Hbift BaKcaHT>. FlpoxHMCHO boh, naôtraerb oui» Ha cm1mo npe- 
rpawAaromte nyxb noTOKy KpacHBbre yxechi. C*b pasôtry ptica 
rtepeHOCMTCîï ^epes-b HHx-b» CKpbiBan si, nyiimcrofi ntiffe rop- 

Abîfl CKaJIbb MMFb — H OHM CHOB3 BHHbipHy^H H3*b 6e3AHbI noA~ 

cxaBriHH cboio rpy^b pa3i>ïipeHHbiM'b BOJiiia&j'b. 

HeycraHHOj HeyAepmHMo, xohho cnbma Ha 3BaHHbrii iinp^. 
rb iora fomarcfl m KJioKOMyx'b mojiohhhh boah Batccana. Boii-b 
ohh naô'traïoxi. na cKajincxbie noporH, noAHMHCb na BcpniHny 
y-reca h B-b 6e3CHJiin pasebinaBuiHCb cepefipHHHbîM'b aoHxoM-b, 
MH^JiioHHbiMM paAyr'b nrpaa Ha coJiKivb, naAaiox'b B'b oô^arisi 
HOBoii BOJiHbL C33AH c^ahc BOHHbi boahhoh paxH cntinax'b Ha 
6oh. y>Ke Ha KopoH"fe 3ejienoA mihhcxoh CKaJîbi n'feHHTCfl ea.A'b; 
KpacMBbTii se^HKan-b nopa>Kaex-b ero B'b ocrpyio rpyAb, h aê- 
chtkh KpiïCTaJîbHo-qucTbîX'b, 03apeHHbixT> paAyraMH BOAona- 
AOBiî, HM3BepraK)xcH bi> cxpya EaKCaua, norjiomatoxcn mmh. 

CjI'feBa, Cb MiMBOnHCHOH CTpCMHHIIbl, TA^ BbICHTCfl HJiaXO Cb 

St^biMH cxtifa^H 3aMKa, bt> ropAOM-b nopbîB-fe ue o^mut^ a 
jiexHTiî no B03A> r xy nbuiKifl noxoK*b FeAacj}yKO. Cta KaMHH Ha 
KaMeiib, Cb xeppacH Ha xeppacy, qepesiï 6a3ajibTH h mxh, ^e- 



— 27 — 

pe3T> KpyrKHbi npbrraerb fiyHHbîii; bhcokîh, CMfejibiH ctcaiOKii h 
cb^t^hh, RÉK-b oiG3a xepyBHMa noTOK'b, B-b JiOHt BaRcana,.. 

Orb HaypyaoBCKaro xyTOpa Bepcrb 6 — 7 TflHeTCH OA**a 
M3-b RpacHB-bHiiJiïxii naHopaw-b BaiccaHCKaro ymenba. 

rio KpyioMy cnycny cbtancaeM-b Cb MOCTa noRh cttîb 
naBHCujHX'b chpuxT* rpoMaAT>* KaMeHHbie KOJioccbi npocxepviHCb 
mxb cauok AOporoH, rpo3Ho h nmpxm&fflù rnajin B-b dyuiy- 
iomyK> ptKy, Ram* 6h Cb xo^oahi>imi> npeap-fcHieM-b nponycKafl 
nOA"b cbohmh cBOAaMH Ka-HKift tj)yproH'b ci» narMeaMH, 

C% KBMAhm-b maroM-b ymejibe CTaiïOBHTCH ace yaœ w hch- 
BonncH-be, flo noAnHpaiomHM-b qaCToe neôo rpeôHîiM'b rop-b, no 
ysKHM-b cKajiMCTHMTj njiaio na rpyAH hxtî cnycKaioTCH neptiaro 
dapxaxa Kpyaœsa Ji-fccoB-b; Ha oôpbiBax-b CTejiaTca CKarepTM 
asbiriftcKHXli naCTÔHm-b* Hopora BbeiCfl no KaMCiiHOwy KapnMay 
mjK*b DaKcaHOMiî, BHH3y» cpeAH K^OKo^yiueH rt-feHbi p-feKH B3AH- 
waioTCH ocTpue, npenoHcaiiHbie n/noiueM-b, GCTpoBKH — yTecbt. 
Nl-fcCTaMH Ha mxt> 3e^eHOïi MaKyiiiK% rpaqioaHO croarb qahho- 
Ka« cTpoihTan coceiiKa, cy^opo^no B3^parnB3H h^hchumu 
BtTBHMM npM KBiKflflm> Hao-brk cypOBHx-b BaAOB'b; paay>K- 

HÏJfl KOpOHbl BOAHHOH Hbl-UH H atfMa3HbJX'b 6pW3r*b HfpaiOrb 

HëLiïh en rojioBofi. 

Hto hm uiarb, to HOBaa, riojinaa KpacoKi», Kapiana* Tyrb 
iKKBoniiCHoe, sajiHToe co-iHemibiMa xyHÈtm yme;ibe nepept3aerb 
Hamii nyTb, oho BejiHMecTBCHHbiM'b aM4>MTeaTpoMi> cnycKaeTCH 
bt> se^eHyio jjcwiHHy BaKcana; — TaMi> scpeHHua CKajiHCTbixii 

XpeÔTOB-b OÔOpBa^aCb. H M3-b 6e3AHbI BbJCOKOBblCOKO B03H0- 

CHCb kti nepHCTbïM*b ry^KaM-b ycTpeMJiîieTOJ nepHa» cKajia— ra- 

iaiïT-b, Flo ctpblMli KpyT«3HaMTi CTpyïlTCfl CBtTJlblC pyHbH, 31- 

flioT-b, qepirb», Mpa<iHb!H nemepbi, Cnpaaa cmiiîi ji-fceb pa3Cbi- 
najica no CTpe.MnHH*fe. 

Mu cnycKaeMCïi B-b r^yooKyto AOJiaay, kt> ôepery Eaitca- 

na. ^ypioH'b cK0/ib3HT-b na CKOjibSKMx-b rpaHHTHwx'b CKarax'b! 
ejKeccKyHAHOj rpoaa oTOpsaibCH a noBepHyTbCH bt> HŒSHepa- 
AOCTnyio nponacTb, »taflHO cJitA^myio sa naMH y caMofl Aopo- 
iH. Ymejibe H3BHBaeTCH r TyjiOBHiueM-b CK.ionacb K*b socTOKy. 
Mw onHcysaeM*b caMbie npimyAJuiBbie aarsara, c^tAy» H3ra6aMT> 
BaKcana. 

B"b HtKOTOpblX-b M'bCTaX'b HeBOJlbHO OCTaHaBJlHBaeUJbCH, 

jiioôyHCb 6oraTbiMT> ^aHAma(}>TOM'b. 



^m 



— 28 — 

Orbea, HCHBonncHbiH oOpuB-b. OicyTannuii po30Boft aumkoè 
K-b p-feK-fe cnyeKaeTCfl nbnuHbiM^b 6apxaTHbiM-b no/iorûM*b tcmho- 
Sëtfêfmfi nMKiî; na Heôpeaaio paaCbinaHBHX^ ctp&AK&x$i napçma 
HrpaTOT-b T-feiiH, MHptio meGerçyT'b nTaïuiai, ptiorb Kopmynbi. 
CnpaBa, 6e3îKH3Hemjo ckpwe HcabîojiL'Mbte MaccuBbi. Oahht> k0 . 
jioccb ntiTbio rm^aHTciŒMH reppacaMH na^aerb bt* û6"bflTbsi 
Cancana; irbncHafl ruiioiueuaH TKàHb ofijieraeTb ero KaMennoe Tyjic 

BHme, MS1> OKpy>KaïOUJ,HXl> HtMblX-b KJfHJKCH pByTCH ICb npOCTO- 

py BCMOTHCTbie rpeôHM Beptiinn-b. KapHHStf, ycrynbi, yrecu Ae- 

KOpiipOBaiIW TCMIfOCHHHM-b Jl-kC0M*b. 

Ha P'fcK'b OCTpOBKH ^pOHCaTb H 6opflTCH CT> HCyMOJlHMbJMH 
BÛJtH&HH, 

Caobho B-b Ka^ietUocKOnt Me;ibKaK>rb, npoHOCHTCfl mhmc 
jrfeca h ropbï. 

HeBOSMyTHMO XOsTIO&Hblft, Mpa i lHNH 4>0!Tb CnpaBa,— >KH3H€ 

pa^ocTHbii^ JiaCKaromiiï B3op*k, BjieKyiBjfî bts ^oho cboc cojiiici- 
jibifi ion— crbfla. 

Ho R^pyrb KapTHHa pt3KO m%hactch. V)Ke no oôtHMii 
CTOpOTiaMT> AoporH yrpiOMbie rpaHHTbi, ruraHTCKie JTJiaCTbl, MOlU- 
hoh pyKOH noBep>KeïïBbie Apyrii Ha Apyra, nperpaiKAaiorb nyTb. 

B-bt3^aeMi> B*b y3Kla cKajmcTUïï BopoTa. OkBa> y eaMoiï 
^oporM eme ffsHCTCfl ^pHÔflbm jtbcoktï, ho bu me y>Ke ctpo 
MepTBO. Eme HtcKOJibKo ca^en-b; noBopaMHBaeMi> Ha boctoki 
stjiemft noJtoca nosa^H. 

Kghhhjich paîicKÎH yrojioK'b. Mw CHona nocpeAH 6e3>KH3- 

HeHHbtXTï CKa/l'b, B"b LUHpOKOM Ka Me H HO il K,TbTlCk 

Ee3HaAe)Kïïbie, AHKG-yrpioMbie xpeôTbi ynnpaioTCH B*b ne- 
60, paspbmatorb ayôuaMH ero ;iaaypb, cKpa^biBaioT-b octpwmh 
nrJiaMH BepujHHT> cepeôpjmbïH xyuKH, HaHH3biBaa HX'b Ha orc 
pFieHiïwe rpeÔHH. 

L H. ÂHwe/tec*, 



*<<§> <$&* 



Kl k> m h o m y no/110 

9. UJaK/iÇTOHa. 



Vers le Pôle Sud 

par E, H. Shackleton. 



HPEilMCJlOBIE. 

B-b Ao;ircyrfexHeii 6opb6% qe^oaliKa, i^kibio tcoxopow mia- 
ctch OTKpfoiTie nomocoe-b, 3KeneAHaiH BpHeera HIaKJieTona oc- 
rancTCH iiaBcer^a oahoio M3'b caMwx-b WTepecHUiCb h BbiAaiomHXCH 
no cbohm-b peay/ibxaxaM v BjiaroAapsi CBoeîi HeHMOB'kpnoiï Hacroft- 
4HBOCTH» oTBayKHbifi awviiHCKiÈi MopcnjiaBaTejib aocthit> xghkh, 
HaxOAnmeHCR Ha pacxosmiH okojio 178 KH^oMerpoBT> ott> k»k- 
tiaro nojiioca* I\q Ttx-b nop-b nuKoma HHKQMy ne y^aaajiocb 

nOAOHTH TaKT> 6/1H3KO HH KT> KUKHOft, H H K'b CBBCpHOft OKOHCM- 

hocth 3GMH0H ocH- Ho 3T0 onacHOê npeAnpiaTie m TOJibKo hoa- 

BHFIj CM-feJlOCTH H npC^piHMqHBOCTH ; XmaxeJIbHbïfl Ha6jHOACHÎH 

yïiacTBOBaBLUHxis n-bSToft 3KcneAHUÎH cneuiajiMCTOBb npojuinH ho- 
BbiH cB'BT'b Ha MuoKecTBû BechMa BaîKïfbix'b &jift HayKii Bonpo- 
cobtî. JXjir ôo^-fee HpKaro npeACTaB^euisï o noABHrb IHaiùieTo- 
Ha h ero cnyxHHKOB*b npcAJtaraeM-b qHTaTe:uo no3HaKOMHTbca 
BKpaxirb cb npe^iuecTByfoii;MMH nonbiTKaMH noAoônaro pGAa* 

B"b 1841 i\ csp-b HjKeMCb Poccb oxKpburb aeiwiio Bhkto- 
pifl, HaxOAflmyiocH KT> loro-BOCTOKy OT-b 3e^aHAÎM. 3xo ruia- 
Banbe oht> cosepiuH^'b na Ttxt AByx*b cyAaxb, «SpcôocT*" h 
^Teppop-b", KOTopbiH B-b BnooitACTBÎH, bt> pyKaxi. CppaHKJlHHa, 
npioGp'fejiH ctojib neqajibHyio H3B%cTH0CTb. HanpaBJîsiHCb K'b 
icry; Poccb HaTKHyjiea na orpoMHyto AeAflHy*o ivibiôy, npocxw- 
paBmyiocH ctuioomoio ct%hok> na gothm MMJib kt> Bocxony. He- 
npHCxynHocTb STOro /ibAa no6yAHJin Pocca na^Baib ero ,BeAH- 
koio JIcashok) IlperpaAoïo* 1 , Mto npeACxaBJuijia H3ii ce6« 3xa 
^nperpaaa*? CKOrmenbc MopcKoro JibAa Kflffl orpoMHyro mm- 
nyio ropy? 



— 30 — 



3Torb RGnpocb y^ajiocb ptniHTb .iHiiib 60 Ji-ferb cnycTH 
B?, l!l(.)2 r. ÀHrJiificKaH 9Kcnc ( mmifl ï bo r^aet KOTOpoâ ctoh 
KarîHTâirb Ckottt> h bt> Koropoa Taione yqacTBOBa.rrb LUaKJie 
tohi>, AOCTHrJia 3eM^H BHKTopiîi >! Bbiflciuuia, mo „BeflHKasi /le- 
^HHafl nperpajia* orpoMHbirï no CBoeMy npoTHHieiiiio njiaByqift 
JieAHHK-b, Tpyano ce6t npe^cTaBHtb KOJioccajibHbie pasMtpbi 
aroâ rjiuôhh Eh niMpuna npeBocxoAHrb 300 KHJioMeTpOBi>, 

AJIMHHa RpeSMUiaeTTî 700 KHHJIQMeTpGB'b. 3to CaMblH Ôo^ibiu 
1131* AO CHX-b nopii HSBtCTHblX'b JieAHHKOBl», H 110 BCefi B^pOHT- 

hocth oui* noKpHBaeT-b mopcKofi npoJîMBiï, pasMtpbt Koroparo 

paBHfllOTCfl npHÔ^HSHTe^bHO Ba^TlHCKOMy MOptO B-b lOHOlOH 4 

ctm OHHCKaro sa/rasa. 

Jl-hTOMi» 1902*1903 r, i\ miimam* CKorrb, UJaiuieTOH-b h 
oAHM-b o^Huep-b, nepeABHra^Cb BAOJib Kpaa jie^HHKa, aocthhih 
82", l'S* kukhoh iiiHpoTbT. jlo T-tx-b nopi* eme HHKOMy hc y^a- 
sajiocb npH6.fiH3HTbCîi itacTOJi'bKO kt> KHKHOMy nojuocy. KpOMt 
Toro yqacTHHKM sroii aKcneAMUÎM yô^uriHCb bt> tomt^ hto fl Be- 
jiKKa« JleAHHan nperpaAa" MO)tcerb cjiy>KHTb HamiyumHM'b yica- 
aaTejieM-b ^ajibuMuiaro nyTH kt> ïory. ripajcranecKoe ptuieme 
3roii sa^a^H Bbinajio Ha aojiïû SpuecTa LUeiaeTOHa. 

npuroTOB/iÇHtji K-b 3Kcnenuniu 

Kaicb To^ibKo a BepHyjicn mi* no^Hpuaro Mopn, mhok> tôt 
qacb Mt OBJiaA'B^o CTpaCTHoe ne/iaine npe^npHHHTb hoboê n 
TÊiuecTBie Kt lOKHOMy no^iocy. 

Ha 3eMHOMi> m apt HaHMCH'fee iOBtcTHbi itrfecTa, pacnojio- 
stceHHbîH BOKpynb stoto nojiioca, Taivrb oôuiHpHMiijee nojie ajia 
A^HTeJibHOCTH Hac^AOBaTejiH, TaM*b o^n^aerii ero mbokcctbo 

HOBblXTi M qttlHblX'b QTKpHTiil MTaKT>, fi ptuiMJlCH HC MZ&Jin 

ycrpoHTb HOByio 3KcncAHUiK>, ch u%^bK) pacniHpHTb naum reo- 
rpa4>HHecKifl cetAtHin o JOHUTOM-b noJtapiiOMTi Mopiv h, ec 

3T0 OKaJKCTCH B03MO)KHblM'b J HpOHHKHyTb H Kl> CâMOMy HOJIIOC 

KpoMt Toro, 3apy*ïHBUJHCb coA'BMCTBieM'b xopoiiiHx*b cncuia^H 

CTOB'b, MO>KHO K^p reorpa^HMCCKHMTi H3CJÎ*bAOBaHiflMTj RpHCOe^H 
lïHTb TaKHve H H3CJl'B£OBamfl 00 eCTeCTBCHHOA HCTOpiH M $H3H 

K*b. 3oo^orifi, 6iojioria, reojioriHj ivieTeopojioriîi, cjiobomii bc 

nayKif MoryTi» oSoraTHTbCH u*bHHHM.H OTKpbiTiflMH npH coomfe' 
CTByK)ii;eM'b «syneaiH noJinpHaro Mopn. 




- ai - 



3eMJia BHKTopis npocTwpaeTCH icb iory 3a npeA"fejibi B3 Û 
K))KHOÎi uiHpoTbi, a ki> BocTOKy otii BeJoiKoft IlperpaAU, bo 
BpeMH Hamero ruiaBama Ha H flHCKOBepH*\ mu eha^h cKB03b 
MeTejib HfcHCBWH cmepTama Apyrofi seiwm, Koiopyio Kanm&wh 
Ckottt» nassa^-b „3eM^eio S^yap^a VII*** nepejVb OTvfcsAOM-b 

H3"b JÏHTTe^bTOHa SI pa3C^HTblBaJÏT> OCHOBaTbCH Ha 3T0H 3eMJtt 

na 3HMy, ho cocTOHHie jib^a MeiURXUi MeHH oTKasaTben orb 
9Toro Haftrbpemîï, o neMi» a noApoôirbe paBCKaacy noTOM'b. 

/locTaTb j^eHe^Hbifl cpe^cTBa 6btJio rjih MeHH nepBoft h 
eecbMa Hejiencofi 3ajm*ieti, m jihuib nocjrfa AOJimx'b xjionorb h 
neperoBOpOB-b mh* yAaJiocb aapyiiiTbCfl aeoôxoAHMOio no- 
Mombio *). 

Bi* (J>eBpajit 1907 ï\ h, HaKcmetvb, Mon* oG-bfiBHTb, wo 
bti CjiHjKaftuieiurb ôyAyiueM'b oTnpaBJifleTCH cHoaa 3KcneAHiua 
K-b tojKHOMy nojiiocy. Hepe3-b uiecrb M-tcnuee-b, 7 aBrycra, skc- 
ne^Huifl noKHHyjia AtirJiiio na , l HHMpOA J b 1 '. 3to cyAHo, npoc/iy- 
}kubi> 4M jrfcT-b jkmi jiobjih tkwichh h oôopyAOBaHHoe HaMM, Kl* 
cKo^bKO Haivrb 3to nosBOJtsuui h a m h cpeAcroa, Morvio eiue cMtJio 
BCTynMTb bt> 6opb6y c*b nojisrptibiMH jibjuiMH. CHapïi>KeHie 3kc- 
neAHuiH TpeôyeT-b BejiH4aHuiefi TmaTe/ibHocTH h npeAycMorpH- 
TejibHocTH. Ba3Jih orb KyjïbTypHbix^b crpaHTj 3a6yBHMB0CTb we- 
nonpaBMMa, h Majrfefiiirifi HCA04eTT> mohcctts HM'fcxb cawua cepb- 
e3Hbisi nocji-bACTBÏH, Tenepb cKamy HtCKO^bKo ciobi» o Hauiewb 
oôopyAOBâHLH. 

M HaM-fepeBajiCfi ycTpoHTb cïaHuîio ea cyurh h, BbiipysHBi, 
caMoe HeoôxoAMMoe &nsi naïuero cymecTBOBaHia, OTQCjiaTb ^Hhm- 
pOAa" ajih 3HM0BKH Ha Hosyio 3ejiaHAiio. BcA^ACTBie 9Toro 

nepBblM'b HeOÔXOAHMHM'b A-l« HaCb npeAM€TOMTi ÔblJTb ACpeBflH- 



3Kcnemmifl, npoaojDKaBiiiascu usa roAa, uspacxaaouavia 45,000 crêpa,, 
4Tû cpaHHtiT^hiio ne Miïoro, IliaocToiiy yAanocb ncno/iRKTb coGcTBeiiiTwn cpeA- 
cTBa HacTHQK) riofliiHCKOto h TaKHMi» o6pa3ûMi> no/iy*niih 25,000 crepji. KpoMfc 
Toro ero pOACTBennHKH h Apyabfl bss/ih na cc6h nopyquTejibCTBO Ha cywMy 
20.000 crepji., Kotopas m cocTaa/ifleTb Ae$HriHrb 3KcneflHiun, Ta K-b Kam> aKcire* 
AMuifl ycrpauBSiiacb no <jacrifoti HHHiiiaTUBlî, LUaK^eroM'b ne tWflâtfb ceôa bi> 
iij>aHÏi oôpaTHTbCH 3a nauombio Kb GpiiTancKOMy npaBHrejibCîBy. XUa yiuiaiu 
Ao^ra, cpoKii KOToparo Hcreicaerb bt» îioji'e 1910 r M ont paac^HTbJBaAi. Ha ^o- 
xoA"b on* euoHX'b craieA, Knnrb h ^eKiiîfl, «fin h mhkto Kat yMaCTWHKOBi> skc- 
ne^miiH-, o6i>flCHH/n* ouiï raaerfc «A^ak MâJib", <ne Bocïio/ibjyeMCH aojioAaMH 
HauiHx-b naysiiuxi) TpyjaoBii jio fkx% nop'b, noka 3Ton* iiojiri» He 6yjieTbyQjio- 
^ewii cnoAMa^, Ho oÔiucctbo we MorJio ocTaTbc*f paBïroAytimwwi» kt> raKowy 
6c3KopuCTbio K| no npeAJiomeHïïo AcKBirra, ôpniaiiCKuc npiiBHie-ibCTBo, yÔtiUiB- 
uiMCb Bt 6-itiCTHtuMXb pe3yjibTâTaxi* 3Kcnejt»ui}t, ptuiiuiu noKpuTb Becu ea Ae- 

(jJHlUiTb. 



- 32 - 



Hkrii aomtj, KOTOpbifl Morb 6bi Hact samHTHTb ottj noJiflpHoâ 
3hmh. 3tott> aomt> pasÔHpajiefl, h srh ero qacTH 6hjih Tiua- 
TejibHO OTM-feneHbi HOMepaMH, rjih Toro, htoSh mohcho 6hjio ero 
coôpHTb deai> JiHtnnHX'b npoMeajieHiH, Ham-b Aou-h HMtjrb cea- 

py>KH 9,90 MeTpOB-b flJlMHhî, 5J0 M. UiHpHHW H 3,50 M. BbTlilHHH. 

Tarn* Kairb ôbuio npeABap*rrejibHO p-fcmeHO, 4to 3MMOBaTb wh 
nCM-b #ojukho ne MeHte nHTbHajmaTii HejioB-bicb, to caMO co- 
6oio pasyM-feexca, ^to mu ne pascHHTbjBajw na npocTOpubre 
anapTaMeHTbh 

Ki> 3T0My onHcaiiiio iiamero nojmpHaro }KHJiiima MOry eiue 
AodaewTb, hto CT-fetiH ero h noji-b 6buiH o6htn npoÔKOio h boS- 
jioKOM'b, ajih Toro, mtoôm ohm moitim cnyyKUTb HaMi* HaH/iymneiî 
3amnTofi orb xojioAa. 

B-b TaKOM^b npeAnpiHTiH Ka^ecTBo cb"fccrnbL\'b npiinacoei» 

OHClib Ba>KHO, M flOTOMy 5! OÔpaTHJlCfl Ct 3aKa3âMH KT> JiyïIlllHMT> 

nocTaBiu^KaM'bï Bnpo'jtM-b, irtKOTOpbie npo^yKTw mu nojiyHHJiH 
bt> Aap'b. Mbî no3aôoTHJiHCb o AoôpoKaqecTBeHHoc™ Hameii 
npOBHsin a paeiio m o ea cooTBfrrcTBin yaiûBiflto'b nojiflpHoiï 

JKH3IU-1. B.iarOAapH STMlWb npeAOCTOpOJKHOCTHM-b 33 BCC BpCMH 

namero îiyremecTBÎîî ne 6biJio hh oahofo CJiyuafi saÔojrfeBaHiH, 
rrpoHCXOAHmHX'b orh HeAofipOKaqecTBeHHOCTH numn. Mh aana- 
c/racb Ôo^biuHMTî Ko^nqecTBOM'b MyKM, BaptHBfl, caxapa, KOiïcep- 

BHpOBam!bîX*b M CyiUCTIblXTi <})pyKTOB'b + Upn ÔOJIbmOM-b XOJIQA'b 

ocofieHHO ubHHbi cmaocth u ece MyyHoe, Kpoivrb Toro y nacb 
6huw Mscïibtsi h pbiÔHbm KOHcepBH. 3hmoio Mbî crapajîHCb no- 
rpeô^flTb Kairb mo>kho ôojrbe Tio^eHbflro Mflca, Tain* KaKii est- 
née M3Co HaHJiyHLuee npeAoxpaitHTejibHoe epeacreo on* ubiorH, 
9ioro ôiîMa u rposbi BcbxT> nojfHpHux-b SKCneAHuifi. 

Bo BpeMfl canHbïx^ no-bs^OK-b nama nniua cocTOsma ivias- 
uhiuiy o6pa30MTj H3ii rreMHKaHa, M3roTOBJiîieMaro Biï Konenrare- 
nb, cb AOoaBJieiiicMT. pasuux'h Apyrux'b ripenaparoBi., otjihm;i- 

KJlAHXCfl HaHMeHbLUHM-b B%COM'b npH IfaHÔÛJIbUieH nHTaTe^bHOCTH. 

BTopoe noc/i't nuuiw m^cto aaHMMaeT^ o^era^a. Mbî ho- 
cujiu KOCTioMbi H3i> To^cxaro ErepoBCKaro cyictia h tia HMX'b^ia- 
A'feaajiH iiiapOBapbï h KypTKH H3T> MaTepiH, Ra3biBaeMori w 6âp6e- 
pM w , Koxopasî HMteT-b npCHMyiuccTBo 6biTb Mpe3BbmaHH0 jierKofl 
h coBepuieHHO hc nponycKaTb B'bTpa» Ha pfcjii OKasa^ocb, qra 
TaKoe OA'bHiiïe oneiib ycii'feiiJHO aamumaer-b otu jieAflHbrx*b no- 
^flpHwx-b BlvrpoB'b. KpoM'b Toro y nacb Ôujio eiue no oneHb 



— 83 — 



THKejiOMy KOCTioMy H3Ti mncTaro cyKHa, Ha noAOÔie rbxT>, ko- 

TOpbie MM HOCHJ1M BO Bp6MH ripeATîMAymCH 3KCUQ JJ,HU.l^ BocnOJIb- 
30BaBQIHCb HMH BeCHOIQ BO BpCMfl TTOtSAKH Ha CâHHX-b, Mb! pl> 
LUHJ1H B1> BH^y HXli Tfl>KCCTHj OCiaBMTb HX^b lia CTaHlliH, TaK*b 

KaK'b bo BpeMH nyTewecTBÎsï HeoÔxoAHMO KaK'b mohcho 6o.nte 
oG^er^aTb cboh GarasKT*. 

Brb nojiflpiibie nyTemecTBemiHKH xBacratorcfl H3o6ptTe- 
HieM'b Heo6bmafîiibixiD rcnoBHbîxii ySopoei» ji,m 3&u\mu mwp 

OTT> M0pO3a. T'EMIS HC Mente BTOTh BOnpOCb OCTaeTCH OTKpbl- 
TbtftTb, M ^O CHXT* 110pi> 04eHb TpyAHO pfclHHTb 3Ty CJlOXCIiyiO 

3aAa i iy; Bo BcaKOM-b CFiyna-fe ne cJi r b J ayeT'b npHKpwBaTb juiua, 
Tarb KaK'b Abixaiibe saMepaaeT'b noAt» noKpuBajiûM'b, h bt* to i i- 
Kax-b conpHKocHOBeHiB ce Tanoio jieAflHOK) Kopoio JierKO nojiy- 
^aiOTCH oTMopoîKeHiïi, Hauia otiysb cocioa^a H3-b tojicTbix-b ea* 
/îenoic-b, Koxopbie mh hochjih bo ppewfl CTOflHOK-b, h JianjiaHA- 
CKHJCb canoroB^b A^a nolï3AQK'b, 3th canorH CR'hmnu H3*b o^ie* 
neiî LiiKypM M-fcxoM*h napy>Ky> Bnyxpb noJiOHteno aacyuicHHoe 
pacxeme, naabjBaeMoe ,,cês&eiip4ci»*j KOTopoe BnHTbîBaerb bh- 
A^JineMyio HoraMH BJiary; KpoM-b stoh rpaBbî B*b HHX'b cboôoaho 
noMtmaeTCfl HbcKo^bKo napT> Teruibix'b HocKOb-b. rojiennme ca- 
nora npHKpbmacTb Tuukmoro nacrb ujaposapoB-b h Tyro o6mo- 
Tano peMiieM-b, Tajct* l ito oho bhojih'b saw'bHHeT'b reTpbï. 

JXoua HàMii c#yaKiWH nocTejibïo cyu'O'mbie m^iiikh ct* npo- 

CTblHHMH, a BO BpCMH [10^3^01(1. KO/Knm'bie M'klJIKH lia M'BXOBOH 

noAKJiaAïcb. Ha mu naJiaxKH mt* BiuuiecAeHCKûii tohkoj ôyMaat* 
hoïï TKaiio HaTarHBaJiMCb na nuTb coeAMHeHHbix'b BepxyniKaMH 

KOJlbeBl?. Il31> HtLTb TpH BCÇî'Aa yCTaHaBJlHBa/lHCb CO CTOpOHU 

B F BTpa, a ABa ct> npoxïmynojio>KHOH eiviy cTopOHw. Tant* me ira- 
xoAH^acb ABepb t aaB'BinaiiHaft pacnopoTbiivî'b B-b KOHU^h h 3aKpbi- 

BaBlUHMCH M31iyTpH M'UjJJKOM'b. JijlH TOrO, UTOObl 3aKpblTb fî^ 
JJETKy K3KT» MOJKHO HJIOTH'be, MbI GÔKJlQfthmaJlK ee CHapyîKH Cllt- 

Maiiiiï càHH CuMi ycoBepmciiCTBOBaH}iOH KonieH cancâ 
^ZltiCKOBepH* 1 - Hm'Hh 3,3U Merpa AAHiibt, ohh bUchjih okojio 26 
KH^iorpaMMOBT» BM^CTii eu j\n\\K L m\i h peaepayapaMH ;j,;îïî 
Kepociitia, 51 hxi> 3aKaaHBa^'b bt> HopeeriH H3*b oiôopuaro 
M3Tepîa.ia, h lia nyïH kti no^iocy omi ôfleexame BUAepwa.iH 

BeifMOB'bpiltJe T0JI4KH. 

Bo BpeMu no%3AOKiï t mh BapHJiH nHiuy Ha MauimfK'k r IlpH- 



— 34 - 



Myct'', a nocy^y mu ynoxpeÔJifljiH HCKJuoqHTe;ibKo ajiioMMmeByKX 
Stoto qacxbio Hauiero CHapflitceHiff mbi ocTajmcb Hpe3Bbtqaiïno 
AOBO^bHHj TaK-b Katt-b npH eaMofi hh3koh TeMnepaxyp-fe naM-b bt> 
ABaAUaTb MMHyT'b yAaBa;iocb nojiytîarb H3*b entra KHnïimyio bo- 
Ay. Hama XHïKHHa oTorumnacb cKJia^HOio rtenbio h ocB-femajiacb 
aneTH^euOBOïû mMnoiî. 

MaHiKypcKÎîi JiomaAKH h aBTOMOÔHJib ôujm HOBOBBeAemeM'b 

AJIH nOJlflpHOH 3KCneAHUiH + StHM-B JtOUiaAKaM'b, npHBbmHblM'b Kl 

cypoBOMy KAHMaxy, jierno hath no entry h no jib^y ** Boo6me 
a c^HTaio mxi> caMbïMH BbinocjiHBbîMM HS'b Bctxij cymecTByio- 

UXMX'h Ha CB^T-fe ^HBOTHUX-b. KpOMt TOrO, OHt HM'felOT'b Hpe- 

HMymecTBO 6urb BcenAHbiMH, xoTfl 3to noorbAHee nx-b Ka^e- 
ctbo npnHecjio Haivrb ne Majto 3a6orb, OH*b cnocoôiîbï ctActl 
coocTBeHHyio ynpsDKb hjih xeocrb cBOefi cocbAKH» H BbiriHcajn* 
m'b MaHîKypÎH bi> JlHTTejibTOH-b Ha Hoboh BejiaHAiH 12 Jioma- 
AeiL Usa mojioahxtï h omchb onBTïibix'b na-fesAHMica Mi* xyacM- 

UeB-b, 3aHflJIHCb HX-b BbltSAKOH» H HM^ npMWJIOCb npOHBHTb HC 
M3J10 TepntHiîl M HaCTOftMJiBOC™. npiliXaST*' B'b JlMTTe^bTOH'b, 

a OT06pa;n> AéCHTb «nymiiHX'b JiomaAeH h norpy3HJTb hxtï hë 

HHMpOA'b- ripaB^a, ^TO aBTOMOÔHJlb, CHCTeMbI Hbio-Àppo^t 

H^oHCTOH-b, npMcnoco6^eHHMH K-b 'baA'fe no mphirhiwh Aopo- 
raMT> h K-b cnjïbïibïM'b MopoaaM-b, sacTp-bBajrb B'b pwxjioM'b ent- 
ry BejiMKOH IlperpaAH, ho, ôyKcnpya caHH no MopcKHarb JibAaivrb, 
oht3 OKa3ajrb HaM^b HeoutHHMHîi ycrcyrn; 

KOJIHHeCTBO Hay^HbïX'b HHCTpyMeHTOB*b HaXOAHJlOCb B'b aa* 
BHCHMOCTH OTTi OrpaHimeHHOCTH TiaWHX'b ACHe>KHbïX'b CpeACTB'b, 

h rroroMy mu ne hmIwih bo3mo>khoctm oôaaBecTHCb BcfeMi* rbM'b, 

4T06bI MbI me^a^H HMllTb. 

JIothhÔ cocraB-b, HaauaHemiHH na 3HMOBKy, eorroflji'b Kpo- 
Mt MeHïi H3-b GJi'bAaïomHxii jiHivb: M. Myppefl — aocwion», aok- 
TOpii Mapwajt'b— Bpam> h Tonorpa^ir, P. ripHcuiew — reojior-b, 
AOKTûp'b Oopoc-b, Manefl — xHpypr-b, >K. AAafticb, jiefiTe nanti 
B'b sanact Kopo^eocKaro 4>JiOTa~ MCTeopojiorb, cspii ^H^Mnn-b 
BpoKJixapcrb — $OTOrpa4>'b> SpHecn» /I^oftcb h ^panicb 
yaftjibA'b — 3aB-bAyK>mie nepeABHKCuieM'b canefit B. Jlek — Me- 

XaHHKT> H 9^eKTpOTeXHHKT>, P. MapCTOHls — XyAO^HHK-b, B. Po- 

6epTCb — nOBapii h soojior'bj npo$eccopi> AaBHA'b — reojior'b, 
JXyrjiac-h MaBCOHT* — reojior-b aaHHMaiciiniHCfl MarHHTiibiMii Haôjuo 
ACHiAMM h B. ApMHra^'b — aas^Ayromifi jiomaAbMiî. 



- 6b — 

flpM oivb3;rk H3ï> Koyca 6 aerycTa 1907 r. t Hacb yAo- 
ctohjlh cbommt> noc^memeM-b hxi, BejiHnecTBa h Kopo;ieBa Bpy- 
i injia naM-b $Jiar-b ajih BOapyHœHifl ero bt> KOHeqHOMi, nyHKTfc 
Hatueïï SKcne^HuiH, 

Ott> Hoboû 3e/iaHAiu K"b ocTpomy Pocc*b. 



IlepexOA'b oT-b AurJiiH ao HoBoiî 3e;iaHAiH oôomejicfl 
Bnojin'h djtarono^yqHO h 1 HHBapa 1908 r. mu bhhmh H3t> JIht- 
Te^bTOHa B-b nojisipHoe Mope, 

Heo-3e»aaH^aH h aBCTpajiiftubi o-mecjiHCb k^b Haiwrb cb 
ôojïbuiHM-b y^acTieM-b m oKasajm iiaMT* cymecxBeHHbiH yc;iyrH, 
BooAyuiesjieHHye npofiojtu B-b JlMTTejibTOH'fe, ocTanyioi Ha- 
scer^a OAHHM-b h3t> HatuHX'b JiyqwHX'b BocnoMHHaHiH. Eojrfce 

TpHAUaTH TblCHH-b 3pMTeJieH C06pa.JlHCb Ha B03BblUiaï0mHXCfl HaAT> 

nopTOM-b ropajcb h Ha acKopTupoaaBOJHX'b nacb napoxoAax*b h 
npoBo^a^H Hacb necMOJiKaeMhiMif KAHKaMH. 

XLtch c6epe>KeHifl Hamero 3anaca yrjia napoxOAi> „KyHbH # 
AOBeji'b Hacb Ha fiyKCHpk ao no-flapHaro Kpyra. florOAa HaMi» 
He ÔJiaronpiHTCTBOBajia. Ham-b chjibho HarpyHceHHbift tt HnMpOA'b tt 
3aMeA^ifiJi'b xOA'b h hc pas-b npHxoAHJiocb OTnyCKaxb Kanarb, 
TaKi> Kan-b orpoMHbis BOJiHbî yrpoxcajra HaxoAHBuieMyen na na- 
jiyfit caMOMy Aparoq-feHHOMy HauieMy rpy3y: jiouiaAHMi», co6a- 
KaM-b, aBTOMoôH^to h KepocHHy. Cjaho naGHpajio MHoro boaw, 
h ee npHxoAHJiocb ôeanpepbiBHO BUKa^MBaTb, Stotb nepexoA'b 

CTOHJTb HaM'b OAHOÛ JlQUiaRU; CTpaiHHblH nOpblBTi B"feTpa CHeC^b 

ee et na/iyôbi. rioroAa naKOHeirb yjiymxiHJiacb, h Ha qcrapHaA- 
uarwft ACHb> npHÔJiH3HTe^bHO Bt 1.500 MHJiHX'b otï> JlinrejibTO 
na Mbi yBHAaJW noJiapHbie JihjiM- Ctojib npOAOJUKHTejibHan ne- 
noroAH CHflbHo yTOMH^a Hacb, ho He npH^HHH^a HameMy cyAHy 
HBxaioatb cepbesHbrx'b nOBpejKAetriS, Sa^cb mm npocmjiHCb cb 
napoxoAOM'b „KyHbH y ' h ompaBH^iHCb caMocTOHTejibBO B*b Aaab- 
uMurifi nyTb !Cb tory. 

H3Ô%rafl CTOJlKHOBeHlfl CO JïbAHHaMH, H ABHraJlCSl BAOJÎb 

178° sanaAHOH AOJiroTbL T-feM-b He MeH%e Haïue cyAHO BCTp-fe^ia- 

,10 Ha CBOeMTi FiyTH MHOMCCCTBO ILflOCKHX'b JieAHHHX'b rrTH6l>, H 

eiwy npHxoAH^ocb npoÔHpaTbca no pasA'^MiomHM'b Hx-b Apy^> 
OTii Apyra y3KHMT> KaHajiaMiï. Tekhmii oôpasoMii, mh AOÔpa^HCb 
ao OKpecTHOCteiî ocxposa Poccrb. OrbAya 3aTtMi> BAOJib Be- 

3 



— 3ti — 

jihkoh nperpaAW, KoropaH KOH^aeTC» y Mopn rHraHTCKwvn> 
oôptiBOMii, BbiuiHHOfo 3Ha**HTejibH0 ôojibiue Ma^Tbi ^HMMpoAa 11 , 
mh waTKHy^HCb y stum 3Ayap#a VII he Henpoxo^HMbie Jib^bî. 
BcJït^cTBie STorOî mh1> npHuuiQCb OTicaaaTbCH orb Moero Hawfe- 

peHia OCHOBaTbCfl B"b 3TOk M^CTHOCTH Ha 3MM0BKy. 5) TOT^aCb 

me nepeM^HM^t HanpaBneHie h craji-b ^epMaxb Kypcb K-b npo- 
jiHsy MaK-b Myp^o. HaM-b npHiu^ocb H36parb cedt CTOHHKy y 
MHca PoHAC-b, B-b 20 MMjiHx-b icb ctBepy oT-b Toro M-fccTa, h a 
KOTOpOM-b 3HM0BaJia „ J[MCKOBepH' # B-b 1902— 1904 rr. *), 




iîuaiu lia 3i. Poiï^cb 

BnepeAH— 9p. lUaKAeTOH'b, er^yôaHt - By;ucairb 3pe6yc-b 

Hy^KHO 6bmo npHcxynHTb kij BbirpysKt HeoôxoAHMbixbAJïH 
3HM0BKH npeAMeTOB'b. TaKi> KSLK'h Ji£R*b Ht AaBajrb HanieMy cyjr 

*} npûxojift Bno.ib Be/uiKOfl nperpanw, Mèi«Ay aeMJieio Sayapaa it ocrpo 
BO^b Poce-b, LLlaKJieTDHy yaa/iocb BuacHHTb cjttAytomee: mu y me ofi-bncifiuii 
aii ripenncnoBJH. 410 Blmiikoh Operpaja orpOMHbiiî riJtaByiifl jLejtffHlCb. Ct> 1841 
no 1902 rr., t. e. Bb Te^eHÏH 60 n%rh BeJiHKab Flperpana, comacHO naâjiiojie* 
m h Mb Poeca m CKOTTa nepeM^CTHJiacb K-b lory na 50 KHJi/ïOMeTpûB b, Cb 1902 
r. Be.iitKari riperpana npo^o^aca-ia nepcMbiiiaîbCH no TOMy »ce HanpaB.ieïïÏK), Bi> 
to BpeMa ea BOcro*mfcafl ôepen> irpeflCTaBJiHJi b Hat ceÔH aajiHBi> f H3i» KQToparo 

KaïlMTaWb CKOTTb HOAHHMa^Cïi U& B03JiyiIIHQK'b Uiapt LUeClb fltrbCnyCTH 3TQTb 

3a^nB"b yuce HeGymeCTBOBa/n^ ito oôbflCFHeTCH aajibir&fiwHWb nepeMtiuemeMiï 
zienHHKa. C/itAOBaTejibHO to me HBJieHie yMenbuieuia jieAHHKOB/b, KOTopoe **a- 
ÔAiojiaeTCfi 3"b A/ibnaxi> ( rtponcxoflnrb TâKHce h bt» nojiBpHOMh wopt, m bi» 
snaijHTeabKO 6o/ibUJnx-b pasMtpasii, 




I^H 



- 37 — 

Hy npH6flH3HTbCfl kti 6epery, uu ne MorJin Toriacb mt HanaTb 
sry paÔOTy, T%mi> BpeMeHeM-b ReôojibiuoS oxpHA'b nocttHJi'b 

MtCTO CTOfltïKH ^HCKOBepH*, nOCTpOeHHaH CS1 KOMHHJlOiO XH- 

xuim oKa3ajiacb B-b nojiHoft HcnpaBHocra, h jmmb nesHa^MTe/ib- 
hoê KOJiHïiecTBo cH%ra npoHHKJio BHyrpb uepea-b CKBa>RHHbi 

CrfcHT>. 

Hepe3-b H'bCKOJibKO flHeiï, naM*b yAa«raocb hoaohth kt> 6e- 
pery bôjih3h roro Mtcra, KOTopoe mm BbrôpajiH &nsi Hatneâ cto- 
hhkh. MaKi> KaKi> dojibuiafl qacTb HainHXT> sanacoBi> 6biJia yate 
sapante BbiHecena H3T* TpioMa h nocxaBJieHa Ha najiyfiy, mu 
moitih TOTqaeb Ke npHCTynHTb Kt BbicaAK'k. ripent Bcero mu 
Bbïrpy3HJïH aBT0M0ÔHJib t aarfeM-b ^ouia^efi. Ct> noejrfeAHHMH upu- 
uiAOCb xoponKTbCfl, raicb team» coe^HHHBuiiH Hac-b cb ÔeperoMii 
jie&-h iiore jierKo nûTpecicaTbCîi, h Tor^a mh 6bi ne MorjiH no 
HeMT» nepesecTH ^omaA^fl- O nepenpaB-fe 3x11x1» nojiyAHKHX'b 
HCHBOTHbix'b wa wnionKSX'h ne^ero 6hjio h noHbttiiAflTb. Ha^bHtft- 
maa paôoxa oKasajiacb He n3-b jierKnx*b. Hacxb mohxts cfiynitt- 
kôbi> 3aHH^acb coopy^eHiew-b Haïuero AOMa bt> MajieHbKoiï npH- 

6pe>KHOÔ AOJ1HHÏ, a OCTaJtbHbie TpyAHJlHCb H30-BCbx-b CHJTb HBA'h 

Bbjrpy3Koio npOHHX'b npeAMexoB'b, 

TirMt BpeMeneMiï ^H^Mpo^y" npHmJioGb oxoftxH ott> 6e- 
pera. BeanpecxaHHoe ABiuKerie JibAa, npHHy)KAajia nacb nepe- 
MtmaTb Haine cyAHO H*bCKOJibKo pa3"b. OAHaHCAw JibAHHa, 4e- 
pe3i> KOTOpyto Mbi nepeBOSH^H «aui-b rpy3-b na caHsixt, xpecHy- 
jia neoitciî^aHHO, h OAHa m% HaiiJHX'b jiomaAeiï, nyxb-nyxb ne 
yxonyjia. Hawb yAa^ocb coxpaHHTb Becb Haiin> rpy3"b muih 
ÔJiaro&apn utDÔunanuon sneprin h paÔoxocnocoôtiocTH MOHX'b 
cnyTHHKOB'b- TpH AHfl no^i» pflAT* ôyuiesajia CHJibH'bHiiiaîi Me- 
xe.Kb, Bbiora Ôujia xam* cHJibHa, hto Mopcnia ôptrara, AOJiexa;iH 
na paacxOHnie 400 wexpoB'b orb ôepera. Mopcicifl BOJiHbî, B3Abi- 
Ma^Cb, aaMepaa^H B"b B03Ayx% m na^a^H na ôepen* JieAHHMMH 
rjibiôaMM. KorAa 6ypH HaKOHem» npeKpamnacb! mm HaïujLH qacTb 
cBoero rpyaa noAiî Kopoio Jibiia, AocTHraBLueii MtCTaMH To^mw- 
hh B-b |;50 MeTpa. Bce na CB^it MM-beTi» cboh xopomia cto- 
Pohu, h jieAaHOH noRpoei» cnacb nacTb namero yn/in, noM^iiiaBT> 
B-feTpy ynecxH ero Mejiide KycKH* 

Mere^b 3tAM9 HaM'b ABOHHyio padoiy. Bo-nepBbixTï, ôbiJio 

HCOÔXOAMMO OCBOÔOAHTb HaCTb Tpy33 H3Tî nOA'b Jlh AB t E BO- 

BTOpbJxiî, HyacHo 6biJio KOHHaTb, KaK-b mo>kho CKOpte Bbirpy3Ky. 



^m 






— 33 — 



BpeMH ujjio, h HauiTi H Hîmpofl,'b u ' ne Morb oCTaBaTbCH sji^cb 
no^rfee, xaK-b KaKi> ntR-h yrpojKa;n> eMy ch nammAu-h «nnern-b ece 
60^ te h ôojibe, HeuMOB'bpHbiM'b ycmiieM-b, y^ajiocb naKOHem» 
Bbirpy3Hib nocjrk#HÎe ocTaTKH yrjia, h 22 (JjeBpara ^HMpojvb" 

CH5UICH Ch HKOpfl H OCTaBHJI'b HSCb fiepejVb ^HUOM-b TOro se/m- 

Karo A^a, Koxopoe un p-fciiiHJiHCb npeanpHHflTb, 

Cjioïï JibAa, noA"b KoiopbiM-b Sum» norpe6eH*b Haui-b rpys-b, 
OKasaJicsï HacTOJibKO TBepAHMTï, tto npHiiiJiocb nycTHTb bt> jvfc«no 

JIOMbI H KHpKH. OKOHMHB-b 9Ty paÔOTy, MM npHHMHCb ycrpan- 

Ba?b cboio OTiuejibHHqecKyio mianb cpe^M jibjjoB-b. Jlaiiib 4e- 
pes-b H'feKOTopoe BpeMH naMi* yaajiocb aaHHTbCH myHtmtM-b 

OKpeCTHOCTeH, rJiaBHOK) AOCTOnpHM-kqaTeJlbHOCTblO KOTOpblX'b 

HBJia^acb ropa 3pe6ycb. Haum cneuiajiHCTbi npHCTynHJiH icb 

CBOHM-b Ba6«JIIOAeHiflM'b H H3C^tAOBaHiHM-b, Hx-b HSblCKaHÎîl OKa- 
3aJlHCb yAa^îHHMH, H BCKOpt HM-b y^aJlOCb C^tJiaTb H-bCKOJIbKO 

MHTepecHbix-b OTKpbiTiii Bo^btue Bcfex-b HacjiasKAa^Cîi 6jiH30CTbi0 
3peôyca wam-b iweTeopojxor-b, raK-b naic-b nocTOHHHo Buxo^stiuifi 
M3-b BepuiHan axoro BejiHKQjrfenHaro oyjïKaHa crojid"b Abnwa ytca- 
3biBaji-b eMy KOJieôaHia Bepxiuix*b Koeat aTMoaftepw, 

llpewAe Bcero Han-b HywHo ômjio saKOHqMTb ycrpoHCTBO 
Baniejt KBapTMpbi, h ratcb team» nojrb oxa3ajicïï HpesauuafiHO xo- 
jiOAHbiM'b, mh nOA^OHCHJiH nQ&i> Hem set Ha^H4Hbie ynaKOBOM* 

HbïÊ ÏHIJHKH, Y BXO^a MM BÏJCTpOMJÎH KJia^OByiO H3ï> £QCOK*b, a 

Cb ^pyrow ero croponbi, MaBcoH'b coopy£HJrb aobojïbho bh- 
qypHHfi ôapaicb* bt> KOTOpOMii &QJUKH3. ÔHJia noM-femarbCfl ;ia- 
ôopaTopia. 9Ta nocrpofôKa HM-fejia ABa cymeeiBeHifbix'b He^o- 
CTarKa: BO-nepBbixn, ero TeMneparypa KHCKOJibKO hc oxjiHHaJiacb 
oti> TeMneparypbi «apyîKHaro B03ayxa, a Bo-BTopbix'b, bchkih 
pa3T5j KaKi> OTKpbiBaaacb BXOAHaa asepb naïuero £OMa> bt> Jia- 
ôopaxopiio Bpwsajracb cTpya xenjiaro eos^yxa, h bc% Haxo^Hmîecfi 
B'b Heft npeAweTbî, xoxqacb nce noKpbtBajiHCb HHeeMiï, Taicb, ^To 
apxHTeKiypHoe coopymeme MascoHa ne mopjio c^iyjKHTb npeA- 
Ha3Ha4eHHOMy ynotpefijiefîiio h bckop^ npespaTHJiocb B'b 06 h- 
KHOBeHHbtfi capaô. 

3a AOMOM'b MfcJ yCTpOM^H KOHK>UIHK> 1131* £OCOK'b, CTapbIX*b 

îimHKOB'b, ny4KOB-b cbna h npocMOJieHHaro xojiCTa. Ho naïun 
jiouiaAH noBHAHMoMy coscbM-b ne ou^hm^h Hauiy aaôOT^MBOCTb. 
B'b nepeyio mt H04b, HOCJit AO^rHxi* h uiyMHbixii ycM^îîî, ffb- 

KOTOpHH M3"b H H XI» BbipBaAHCb H3Tï K0HK)11JHH H nOM^aJIKCb B'b CO- 



— 



Ct AHIOK) AOJIHHKy ICb CBQeft npOKHeil CTOflHKt r a rpM3K, caMaîi 3a- 

ôasHaa hsx* HHxxBJTBsaarojiOBOH B-b oaho HS-bOKOH-bHamero AOMa* 
nepBaa Mexeflb cnec/ia ycxpoeHHbiiï y AOMa, na johchoh ero 
CTopoH-b, CKJia^-b. Kor^a 6ypa yxnxjia, npHtHJiocb oxnpaBHXbea 
Ha nOHCKH pasÔpocaHHbix-b B%TpoM'b Bemeô. Mbi naujjin MeacAy 
npo^MMi* BajieHbiH canofb, BtcHBwm 1,400 rpaMMOB-b, bti 1.200 

MeTpaX'b OTT> TOrO HmHKa, BT> KOTOpOM'b oht» npeABapaxe/ibHO 

HaxoAHJicH. TaKi> Kaicb Ha 3X0 M-b canorb ne OKaaajiocb HHKaKHX'b 
rTûBpemAeHiA h Aa>Ke napanHH-b, orEAyex-b npeAnojiaraxb, qxo 
on'b ope^ext/fb ece sto pa3CTOHHÎe, hê Kacaacb 3en/iM. B>b oa- 
HOM-b Hs-b yrjioB-b AOMa mm ycxpoHJin xeMHyio KOMHaxy ^h 
4)oto rpatjùit, a B-b Apyroan* a oxropOAM-b ce6% Ma/ieHbKyio Kaioxy. 
Hame >KHJinme pasA^-nH/iocb na ceMb Kaiox-b B-b *2,10 MeT- 
pa ajihhh h bt> 1,H() Mexpa uiHpHHbi; bxoai> BaKpMBajrcfl 3aHa- 

BtCKOK), H B-b Ka2K£Oâ KaiOTt nOM-femaJIOCb ABOe M3Tï MOHX-b 

cnyTHHKOB-b. ycxpoîîcxBo h yTcpaujenie sxrxï» nOM-fememâ 3aBH- 
cHJio ox-b jiHHHaro BKyca h H3o6ptxaxe/ibHOCxH nxx> oÔHxaxeJieïï. 
Ha o^Hoiî M3i3 saHaBtceH, fibun» Haoôpa^eH-b ropflmift mMiurb 
ii sa neMT> 6yKexi> ub'bxobtî. 

3tOK> KapXHHOlO MOflCHO ÔbUlO JlïOÔOBaXbCH Cb âojlblilHM-b 

y^oBo^bCTBieM'b, bo BpeMH CHjibHbix-b MoposoBiï. Ha Apyrofi 
saïiaB-BCK-fe KpacoBa^HCb cueny Hano^eoHOBCKHxi> epeaieirb, na 
xpeTbefi IoaHHa A'Apm» «a Kocxp'fe* IlpHBflaaHHaH icb cxojiôy h 
OKpyiKeHHafl njiaMeHCMi» repOHHa HecoMH'bHHO B036yHCAâ«fla B*b 
apMTe^-B npismroe omymeme xemia. 

£I,JIH XOrO, HXOÔbl OIHCTHTb M"feCTO Ha cepe^HH"fe KOMHaXbï, 

ctojim noAHHMa^MCb Ha 6jiOKax-b h nOAB-feDJHBaJmcb kï> noTOJucy. 

ycTaHaBJiHBan cKjiaAHyio nenb, Mbi 3a6buiH H%Koxopbiïi ^o- 
Bo^bHO cymecxseHHbiîi en narra, h noxoMy owa bt> Ha^ajit nno- 

XO TOITHJiaCb, HO KâlCb XO.flbKO MU HCnpaBHJIM CBOÎO OIHMÔKy» 

Tara npeKpacHO ycraHOBHJiacb, 3toîî ne^K-fe npHmviocb Hecni ne 
Ma^yio cjiymôy: ona xonnjiacb AeBaxb Mtcflueeii nORpnji'h ch 
nepepbiBaMH He doJi'be 10 MHHyrb, bo speMH Koxopnx-b npHxo* 
AHJiocb noABepraxb ee HHcxKt. 

HeAajieKO ox-b AOMa mu ycxpoHM , MexeopojiorHqecKyK) 
ciaHùiio. KaiKAHe ABa naca, He ssupaa hh na KaKyto noroAy» 
Kxo-HHôyAb i 3i. naciî AOAaceH'b 6bun> oxM%qaxb sanneb HHcxpy- 
MenxoB'b. FIpH ch^lhoô Mexe^H 3TH nacxbia nporyjiKH AOcxaBJia- 
m HaMii Ma«io yAOBo^bcxBin. 



— m 

BocxomaeHie Ha 9pe6yci>< 

noKOHtjHB'b Ch ycTpoHCTBOM-b nauiero >KH3HeHHarO 0ÔHXO- 
Aa, uu 3anHTepecoBaMCb SpeeycoMU Ro T-fcx*b nopi> bocxojk- 
^enie Ha 3Ty ropy cmixajiocb qpesBbmafÎHO Tpy^Hbnvrh, noqxH 
HeBosMOHtHblMii. BaiKHocTb H3CJrfcnoBaHiH 3Tûro Byjucatia Cli wa- 
yqnOH to^kh sp-fenia, noHy^HJia Mena ptmHTbcsi Ha btq npeA- 
npisme, h h nopyqnjrb ero HcnojmeHie npo(J>eccopy /lasiiny, 
MascoHy h MaKeio. Ha bchkih c^yqafl BTopoft 0TpflA*bT coctoh- 
mifi H3-b À^aMCa, MapwaJUin u BpoKJUopcxa, AOjmeH'b 6h\Jii> 

C.lt^OBaTb 3a HHMH H3 BQ3MOJKHO ÔOJIbHJeftrb pa3CT0HÏUH. Bl* 

^tHCTBMTCJibHOCTH ace 06a OTpH#a #octhïvih BepHiHHW ByjiKaHa, 
B-b nepBbïfi aenb, maJieHbKJH KapaBan-b Cb 6ojibiuHM'b rpy- 




nonHflTîe Ha 9pe6ycb 5 «apra 1908 r. 

£OWb JipOUieJTb OKOJIO 11 KHJUIOMeTpOB-b H OCTaHOBH^CH Ha H04* 

ntrh Ha BHCorfe 825 MeTpoB'h. Ha cjrfeAytomee yxpo TepMGMeTp*b 
noK33biBaji'b — 23*,8 U* B-b TeqeHÎtf BTOporo ahh nyTemecTBeH- 
HHKaM-b npHiujiocb ^apaÔKaTbcsi no ctrbiKHUM'b OTKOcaivn>, ncne- 

IUpeHHUMTi pbITBHHaMH, 06pa30BaBUJHMIiCK BT» cntry BCJrtACTBie 

nanopa B"bTpa. Ohh npotHJiH jmtiib 4.801.* MerpOB'b, ho 3Bto Hivrb 
yAâJiocb nOAHHTbCH Ha BbicoTy 1.665 Merpos'b. 

rio BM^y OKpy^KasniHX'b «x'b croîiHKy jieAHHtix'b rjibi6i> 



il — 



MO)KHO fiblflO 3aMt04HTfa, HTO He3aAOJirO AO HX*b npHXO^a, RQJt- 

}kho 6hiJio npoH30MTH HesHaqMxejLbnoe H3Bep)*œHie ByjucaHa. 

OcTaBHB*b na axOMi* M%crfe qaexb CBOHX-b npHnacûB-b, 06a 
OTpsiAa ABHnyjïHCb ^aJibuie e-b aanacoM-b npoBiaHxa na TpH ahh, 

K-b KOHUy TpeTbHrO AHH, OHH AOCXHrJW BblCOXbl 2.625 MexpOBT> 

npn TeMneparyp-fe bt* 28 u ,8 Mop03a. Hoqbio Haqajiacb Mere^b, h 
kb yxpy oHa pasurpamch xan-b cHJibno, qxo haxh Aa^ibme oKa- 
3a.iocb HeMwc^HMbiM-b, a nyTemecTBeHBKKM npoBejin Becb Aenb, 
saKyTaBiiiHCb bt» cboh cna.ibHbie m^uikh* 

OkOJIO nOJiyAHH, BpOKJlX9pCX J b BbICyHyJTCfl H3-b MtlUKa, H 

Btrepi> BbîpBajî-b H3ii ero pyic-b nepqaTKy. npH nepBoft ace no- 
nHTK-b ee AorHaib, OH-b 6bi,Tb onpOKimyx-b yparaHOM-b. Ta ace 
yqacTb nocxHrJia h AAaMca, nocntciMBiiiaro Ha nOMOmb xoaa- 
pHiuy, 

MaplUajIb OCTaJlCH BT> Mtillict, COnpOTHB/lilHCb H30-BCtXT> 

omis ace ycHnHeaBiiJHMCfl nopbïBaivrb Btxpa, rpo3HBiuaro ero 
ynecTH BM-fecrt cb M-feuiKOM-b h Bcefi na^aiKOH. ÀABMcy m BpOKJi- 
X3pcïy HacHJiy y^a^iocb Aoôpaxbca Koe-naK-b oôpaxHO ao na- 
;iaxKH, 06a OKo^eHtejiH otii xoJiOAa, a BpoKJixspcrb eOBepuieH- 
ho oôescajiM-b, Ha en'feAyiomiH A^Hb Mexejib yjieiviacb.H oxpaa^ 
CHOBa ABHHy.ficsî bi, nyxb. HM-b npHiiiviocb noAHHMaxbCH no 
4pe3BbinaHH0 onacHbiM'b KpyqaM*b, h Bb oahomt* HeHaAe^KHOM'b 
M-bcr-fe MaKefi Myxb^yxb ne oôopBaJiefl, 3a ^xo ohx> HecoMHtH- 
ho noniiaxH^esi 6u MmnbK>* riyxeiijecxBeHHHKH AOÔpajiHCb naKO- 
Hem>, ao Kpan npeacHaro icpaxepa, HaA"b KOxopbiM'b B03Bbima- 
excH rjiaBHafl KOHycoo6pa3HaH Bepuinna By/iKana, Ohh cxohjih 
na bucokoA qepHO» CKajit, Ha Kpaio orpOMnoiï KanaBbi, paspbi- 
tûh BbipoM-b Bb HanojiHHionieM'b Kparep*b CH-bry. Ohh pasÔHJtH 
CBoii ziarepb bt^ MajieHbKOMTï OBparb Ha ck^oh^ rJiaBHOÔ Hbint 
AtHcxByjomeii BepuiUHhi, Mexpos*b na 15 miHte sepxHHro Kpaa 

OrpOMHOH KOXJÎOBHHbL HaKOHeU"b, MOHCHO ÔblJIO HpHCTynHTb KT» 

ocMOTpy Hor-b BpoKJixapcxa, Koxopbïft ya<e AaBHO aca^oBa^csi Ha 
noxepio Bb HHX'b bchkoh ^yBCXBHxe/ibHOCTH, BojibHiie naJibuw 
0Ka3aJiHCb yace noqepH-feBinHMH, m ec^fe ocxa^bHbte na^ibubi, xoxh 
h MeHte cii^bHo, ho xaKine oxMopo>KeHHbiMH. He.ib3H ne yAH- 
BHXbca MymecxBy h buhocjihbocth nocTpaAafimaro, Oh^ npo- 
uiarajn> A^BHXb qacoBTï noApflA^ bi» xanoM^ coctohhih, Cnaya- 
j\a npHHH/JHCb oxxHpaxb ero oxMopojKeHHHH hofh, a saxtMi* ero 
yjiQmmH B*b cna/ibHbiH MfeînoK'b. 1100% axoro ero cnyxHMKH 



42 — 



HanpaBKJiMCb K-b JiïQÔonbtTHbJivrb BOSBfeîtîieHÎflfcfb, paaôpocaHHHM-b 
no ca^BHCHoft nOBepxHOCTH KpaTepa, BOKpyrb coo6maiomnxcE ci* 
BHyTpeHHocTbK) ByjucaHa OTBepCTifl. B*b yM%peHHOMi> KJiHMarii 
qepe3*b nOAOÔHbtfl iuejui BHpHBatorcfl napbt r ho Ha Speôycfe bth 
napbi aaMepaaiorb TOT^acb ace npH bhxoa% h3t> OTsepCTia h 

OÔpaSyiOT-b CBOHMH HaKOnjieHiflMH BHLUeynOMHHyTblfl B03BHUie- 

hih. >KejiTOBaTaH oKpaeica jibAa yKasbiBaerb ea npiicyTCTBÎe c-fep- 

HbLXT> ra30B-b B"b Ii3BepîK€Hi5iX'b 3ioro ByjiKaHa, 

nepenoneBaB-b y Kparepa, nyTeuiecTBeHHHKH HanpaBHMeb 
K'b rjiaBHOMy KOHycy. Ilo nyin Bcrp-bKajiHCb irhjiHfl nojiîwbi 
oGjie^eH-feBUjaro ca-fera h 6ojibiuia npocTpanCTBa, nOKpbitbiH Kpn- 
CTajyiaMH nojieBoro mnaTa h neMSOio. Bojibinaa BbicoTa m hh3- 
KaH TeMnepaTypa B03iiyxa sarpy ahjijih auxatue m chjibho aaaieA- 
jihjim xo^-b, ho ÔJiaroAapa csoeïï HeoôbmaiïHOH BHepriH, nyreuie- 

CTBeHHHKH BCe-TBKH AOÔpaJIHCb £0 BepiIJHHbl ByJIKaHa, Ha KOTO- 

pyïo ao t^xt* nop'b Hora nejïOB'fcHecKaH eme HHKorAa ue BCry- 
naaa. 

nepe^-b hhmh pacKpb T Jiacb HanojmeHHaîi iuiy6aMii ahms 
6e3AH3j H3-b iviyCHHbï KOTopoâ AOHOCHrtCfl orayiiiatomifi myMi.- 
3ByK-b, HanoMHHaioiuiH nuxTenbe orpoMHaro napoBosa, CM'bHsuicA 

qepeB-b FTBCKOJIbKO MHHyT*b rJiyXKMli pOKOTOMl*, H BCJrbjTb 3a 

3THM r b rpoxo-TOM'b H3T> Kparepa BtipbJBajiHCb rpoMaAHHe tcny6bT 
AWMa; ohh nOAHHMa^HCb Bce Bbîiue h Bbtuje h naKOHeq-b, cjih- 
Ba^wcb cb 0Kpy>KaBiiinM'b rviaBHHH KOHycb o6^aKOMT>. B'b bq3" 
Ayxi exofljrb yAyiuJiHBbjH 3anaxi> ctpw. BtTept HeoatHAaHHO 
pasrOHHeT-b û&iaKâ AHMa, h nepeA'b ivia3aMH yAHBJieHHbix'b ny- 
TeuiecTBeHHHïOB-b nOHBJiïieTCfl bch BHyxpBHHOCTb orHeAbiuiamaro 
KpaTepa» GorjiacHO nxi* Ha6jiiOAeHiHMi>, r^ÔHHa ero paBHfleTca 
240 — 270 MCTpaM-b, a HaHÔo-nbinasi uiHpMHa 800 MeTpaicb. Flo 
cepeAHHt pacnoJtomepbî TpH HanoMHHaiomiH KOJioaubi me;m> H3i. 
KOTopHx*b BbïpbiBaK)TC3 cTpyH AtJMa, Ha BepuiHH'fe Konyca, npo- 
thbti tofo M^cxa, Ha KoropoM*b pacnojioncHJiHCb nyTemecTBeH- 
hhkh, ^epHaa neM3a tjepeAOBajiacb ct> njiacxaMH entra, naATi 

KOTOpbIMH BHAHt^HCb CTpyM napa, Ifa'b 3TOrO MO)fCHO 3aK^IO- 
MHTb, 1TO nOA'b CH'ferOM'b HâXOAHJlCfl KaKOfi-HHOyAb rOpflMlM 

cjioîi h iito scji-BACTBie SToro ohii MeAJieHHO Tan^Ts h HcnapjiJiCH. 

OôpaTHbifi nytb ne npeACTaB^Hji-b ocoôbix'b saTpyAHeHiïi, 

h nauiMMij nyreujecTBeHHHKaM'b yAajiocb coBepmHTb ero ^pe3- 

BblHaHHO 6blCTpO. CK0^b3H BAHSl) HO CH'BHCHHM'b OrKOCaMl» By^- 



- 43 — 

KaHa, ohh B-b Te^eniH ^eTbipex-b nacoe-b cnycrajiHCb Ha 1.500 
MeTpoB-b, K-b mê MaJiOMy BnponeM'b yiuepSy oacikah m ôarano* 
MHHyft ocTaB^eHHbift hmh HaKaHyH-fe cKJia^-b Bemen, ohh yBHAa- 
jih/jto oirb cosepîueHHo psapyoïenij MeTejibio, a aanacbi paaôpo- 

CaHbl BO BCfc CTOpOHbl. 

JlHiub nocJi^XHHH ^acTb oôpaTHaro nyTH oôoniJiacb He 6e3T> 
cepbesHHx-b aaipy^HeHin. Gnona yrpoïKa^a MCTejib, nyTeme- 

CTBeHHHKH 6bIJlH CH^bHO yTOMJieHbt, 3anaCb KCpOCHHa HCTOIUHJICfl, 

noxo^Han nenb cjioMaaacb, B'b oahoh h3i> najiaToicb nporop'fejia 
6o;ibiijaH Abtpa. MaJieHbKifi oip^AT* pfcuiHjrb SpoCHTb bcium h 
cntuiMTb AOMoft, Eme oahhi» yTOMHTejibHuft nepexoA'b» h ohh 
6jiaronojiyqHO BepHyjiHCb K*b Haiwb, HSMyneHHbie h rojiOAHbie, 
Kaio> hm KaK-b, ho hmt> yjiajiocb HCno/iHHTb B03Jio>KeHHoe Ha 
HHX-b nopyMenie, h bckop% 3a curnuM-h oG'feAOM'b ohh 3a6biJiH 
Bct nepeHeceHHbiH mmemn. 

H He HMtK} B03MOaCHOCTH -OHHCaTb B'b STOM^b KOpOTKOMTï 

o^epicb ecfe Hay^HbiH npioÔp-feTeHifl mohm* xosapHiuen h noxOMy 
yKajcy jiuwh Ha caMbia BaxcHbiii, 

Bo-nepBbLVb, hmt> y^a/iocb onpeA'fejLHTb BbicoTy 3pe6yca» 
KOxopaH no Hx-b AaHHbiM-b He MeH-fee 4,000 MeTpOB-b* 

Bo-BTopbîx-b, na 3a[iaAH0M'b cKJioH-fc ropn, Ha Bbreorfe 300 
Merpoeiî HaATi yposHeM-b Mûpa t ohh HanuiH ocTaTKM ropHbix'b 
ocaAKOB'b, ociaBJieHHbtx'b bt> 3TOM"b Mtcrfe BejiKKOio llperpa- 
aokj bo BpeMH HaHÔo/ibuiaro cKonjieHifl jibAa. y Kpan jicahhkh 
MOpe HM-b/io rJiyÔHHy B'b 540 MeTpoB-b; cji-feAoeaTejibHO, bi> to 

BpeMH JieAflHOH CrtOH AO^HteH-b 6bUTb HMtTb TOJltnHHy B'b 84»» 
MeTpOBlî, 

flo/iflpHafl 3u/viâ- 

BO BpeMH AJIHHHOH HO/lflpHOft 3HMbI, npomeAiiieli 6e3Ti Ka- 
KHx-b 6u to hh ôbuio nponeuiecTBift, Mbî ycepAHO Hpe/iaBajiHCb 
naïuHMb pa3Hoo6pa3HbjM-b ejKeAHCBHbïM-b aaHHTiHM'b, y KaiKAaro 
m'h nacb dbuia cboh paôoxa* EcTecTBGHcnHTaTejiHM*b yAa^ocb 

CAtJiaTb HtCKOJIbKO B'b BHCUiefl CTeneHH HHTepeCHHXli OTKpWTiH. 

OAHoo6pa3ie naine» >kh3hh npepbmajiocb ;mwb BbiAaiomH- 
mhch no CBoeft ch;ï% Mexe^HMH, bo BpeMH KOTopyx'b bc% paôo- 

TbI Ha 603AyX-b CTaHOBHJlHCb 4pe3BbiqaHHO THme^HMH H AaMte 

onaCHMMH. Tanin saHHTin, KaKi» yxoAii 3a JioujaAbMH, AocrasKa 
yrjw H3T> cK^aAa h HaôjiiGAeme sa MeTeopojiorHuecKHMH HHCTpy- 






— 44 — 

MeHTaMH, npeBpamajiHCb bo Bpewfi Meïe;iH bt* RâJitKO ne ô€3- 
onacHbia npeAnpiaTiH. 

Jlo HacrynjieHin no^Aption homm h BecHOH, KOi\na CHOBa 
noaBHJica cslm*, mm saHHMajiHCb Ha Bos^yx-fe Hrpoio bt, xoKKea 
h B*b 4)yT6o^b, a AOMa ntKOTopbie mï> eact ycntumo passjie- 
Kajwch KapraMH *i nrpoïo bt> aommho. 4Tû6bi noôopotb f ,no- 
jispHyio cKyKy", mm ycxpaHBajiH oîKHBJieHHbïa npa3AHecTBa no 
ciynaio 3HMHHro cojiHuecxOHHin h ahch poK^ema BCfex-b ynacx- 

HHtCOB-b 9KCneAHUiM + Cl. 3T0K) Ke UtjIbfO H-BCKOJlbKO leJÏOB'fcK'b 

aaHfljiocb n3AaHÎeMi> «IlojiHpHOH BapH** 3xa KHHra HanHcana, 
Hane^axana h HrtJiîocxpHpOBaFia Ha Hauueft sHMHeit KBapxHp-E. Eh 
neperuiex-b c^-fe^iaH-b H3*b aepeBaHHbix-b Aomeqeirb, AoÔHTbixi» 
H3-b ocTaxKOB-b ynaKOBOHHux-b amHKOB-b. Bo BpeMA 6e3ROHeMHoâ 
nojiapHoft houh, uauia MajieHbKaa xHnorpacjria cjiyjKHJia Ha&rb 
HeHc^epnaeMUM-b hcxo*îhhkomi> pasB^eneHia, 

Ho BpÊMH Me^jieHHO npoxoAHT^b, h npHfi^HacaeTCfl Becna, 
Mbi }KAêMi» et ^axopaA04HbiM-b HeTepntHieM-b xoro ahh, Konia 

MOÎKHO Ôy^CT-b CHOBa ABHraTbCH K-b AByM-b ÏYiaBHMM'b U%JIHM1> 

Hauiefl 3KcneAHnin: K-b reorpa^nnecKOMy h MarHHTHOMy nojuo- 
can-b ïo^KHaro nojiymapia. 



flo/i,i>eivn> Ha AH-ReTpH, 



JI'hTOM'b 1H0S) ro^a H3i> Oa^cch o-rnpaBHJiacb B-b KpbiM-b 
cTy^OTCCKaa 3KCKypciïL 3ra 3KCKypeiH hochjih oeoôeHHbm xa- 
pajcrepiï. Ona fibuia n%mexoAHOH, npOAOJiîKa^acb copOK*b AHeiï, 

BCfe BCIUH HeCJIH H BC3JIH ETa ^ByKOJIK-B CaMH CTyAeHTbl, FlO^e- 
B3JIH BO B3flTbIX-b Cb COfiOK) UiaTpaXl» H H3 BpeMfl CJlHJlHCb CT> 

npHpOAofl, ee^fl KM3Hb KO^yfomHx-b UHraH-fa. 

B-b ôoraioM acTeTMMecKHMH Bne^aTjrfeHiaMH sicCKypcÎH no 

HeBHAtHlïOH npeKpaCHOH M-feCTHOCTH, ÛUBaJlH H MOMeHTbJ HCK/IK> 

HHTejibHbie no cmrfe nepeacHBaHitë. K*b *iHCJiy TaKOBbix-b otho- 
chtcsî m iroAiieM-b »a AH-neipH, 

17-ro itOHfl, B-b 7 qac* se^epa, mh buuuih H3*b Hauiero na- 
repa, pa36HTaro 3a AJiynKoâ, btî micji'fe inecTH tjejioBtK'b, 4to- 
6m noAHHTbCH no ajiynKHHCKOH Tpon-fe na Afi-OeTpH, eepuiHny 
Hfijibi. Buuijih 3acfit™o h npeAnojiaraJiH nacairb kt> 10 — 12 b. 

ÔUTh Ha BepUIHHt, HO BbîWJIO HHaqe... HHKTO H3T3 nacb Ha An* 

IleTpH ne nOAHMa^ca, npOBOAHHKa ne ôhjio, Kaprb -ronce. 3Ha-iw 
To^bKO, 4T0 CJrfcAyeTb A^p>KaTbCa HanpaBJieHiH hc na ÀK-rïe- 

TpMHCKÎe RHKH, a BJTBBO OTli HHX'b — HHa^e MH nOAOWJlH 6bï 
K~b OTB-BCHOfl KaMCHROH CT'BH'B* Hâ KOTOpyiO ne JTOAHHTbCH. 

riepBoiî 3aAaieft 6bLio naftxH Haeroamyio Tpony. Gcopo nocjrb 
BbixOAa, Mbi Hana.iH KOJieftaTbca bi* Bbiôopt tponHHKM; koto- 
pbrxiï MHoro Ha npeAropbflx-b xpeôra, noKpbtTbîx-b coCHOBbiMi. 

rTfcCOMTï. HOHbK) Cb 3THXT> npCArOpiH OTKpblBaCTCH nepeS^ B-feTBIi 

^epeBbeBTï qyAecHaH KapTHHa Ha Mope, 3aAHT0e nmpoKOH no- 
jiocoh jiynHaro est Ta. npHxoAMJiocb bt> coMHHTejibHbix'b CJiyqa- 

HXT> OTnpaB^HTbCH nO OAHOMy H3 paSB^AKH H HATM AOBOJIbHO 

AajieKo, htoôh onpeAtjiHTb HanpaBJienie hsbhjihctoh TponHHKM 
KOTopaa Macro cKpHBa^acb h3t* rnmiy Bii npimyAJiHBo h3m-b" 

HHBLUeMCH HO^blO JTfecfc. OTAbTXH CTaHOBHflHCb H%CKO.flbKO 4aiUe. 



H^th npHxoAHjiocb no cKO^b3Kofi xbo% hjih no ocTpOMy me6- 
hio, Bce BpeMfl, noqxH, KpyTo BBepxi.. Ha cnHHaxi» cyMKH* B3ïn"b 
Ch co6oîï HenpoMOKaeMbiA marep-b cb AepeBHHHHMH mecTaMH 
AJia ynopa, cnajibHbîïï M-femotcb, npûBH3ifl m JiimHbïH sem**, K-b 
10 q. senepa no^teM-b craHOBHJica Kpy t ie > Tponbi -repsuiHCb, mkhi- 
pa6KajiHCb HayraAT>, Aepacacb, jimuib, OAHOro HanpaBJiêHÎfl. y ace 
ABa pa3a mh, Kaaaaocb, ôhuiu 6jlh3ko y u%,tch, B3/rb3iiiH Cb 

ÔO^bïllHM'b TpyAOMT> nO OÔpbTBaiOmHMCH KaMHflMl>, KOTOpbie MO- 

rjiH npoTioMHib rojioBy hhmc nojiaymuM'b, K-b caiwoH BepiiiHH'k 
Ho xyrb OKa3biBa^ocb, hto HeB03M0>KHQ jrfesxb no OTB'fccy h mu 
cnycKa.iMCb B'b cjrfcAyromm osparb, npOAHpajmeb ^epes-b rymy 
^epeabCR-b h Tpasi., Bjrfc3ajiH Ha cn-kjxywuxift noA'beM'b h cHOBa 
ct> T-feMT> me pe3yjibTaTOMi>. B'b nojiH04b noAoujjiH K-b oqeHb 

KpyTOMy CKJÏOHy Cb XBOHHblM'b JltCOM-b H îîyCTHJiH B'b XOA*b 

3axBaHeHHyio cb coôoh MaHHJuibCKyK) BepeBKy (25 m.). Kto*hh- 
ôy^b, 6e3i> 6ara»ca, KapaÔKa/iCH Cb hch BBepx-b, npHBflswBajrb 
K-b cTBo^y AepeBa, h Tor^a no Bepesicfe noAWMMa^HCb BCfe 
ocTaJibHbie. no^THHyB-b BepeBKy pa3i> naTb, ysH^Jin, hto noA*b- 

eJVTb 0K0H4MJICH. MbI CTOHJIH Ha CKOJlb3KOft XEOt Ha HaMOHHOH 
rUIOCKOCTB, nepCAIï OTB'feCOM'b, Cb pa3CkjIHHOH B'b HÊMl*, BCflKyiO 

MHTiyry pHCKya copBaTbCfl h CKaTHTbCH Cb fiojibuioîi BbieoTbi 
HeB^AOMo KyAa. 00^31* oj^vm'h B'b pascijiHHy, noeMOTpfrrb, 
HCMb3H Jiu BbJHTH Haeepx'b. OcTajibHbie, oôHHMaa OTBtcb, no- 
nijiii Aajibiue h xoBapHuvb OKaaajica B'b KpHTHqecKOM*b nojiome- 
hÎh, Taicb KaKT> ne uùT'b caMis cnycTHTbCfl. noBBajiTs Ha no- 
Momb, BepHyjiHCb h no aa épata jih ero„. 

A BepeBKy aaHocHJin Bce suuie h Bbime, Cb hêh nOATHm- 

BaJIHCb H BCfe MbL CHJlbHbîft HepBHHH nOA'bÊM'b He Aasajrb 3a- 
MtTHTb yCTaJIO_TH, HOHb He n03BOJlJUia BHA^Tb nOATi HoraMM 

bcio rjiyÔHHy nponacxH h no9TOMy ne Kpyaafjiacb rojioBa* Y)Ke 

OK0,lO 2-X*b HaCOB-b H04H, 4Cpe3-b ySKyiO TpemHHy, BHÔpi^HCb 

Ha naKJioHHyto njiomaAKy bt> 2 — 3 kb. c, cii KyciaMH, KaMHHMH 

M fiOJIblHOH COCHOff. Pacn0J10>KH-nHCb nO*feCTb> OAHH-b HSTï HaCb 

no^-fe3'b Aajibme. Bt> 3to BpeMH ^yHa CKpbUiacb 3a ropaMHj cpa- 
3y cxeMiit/io h TOBapHux'b BepHyjica, moôis saHoqeBa-rb Cb Ha- 
mh. Ha pasB'bAKax'b ohIï OKaaajica B-b onaCHocxH: qyTb ne cKa- 

THBlIlMCb Cb o6pbIBa, Ha CBHH% OH^ CnOJI31i Ha yCTOHMHBOe Mt- 

cto* C'b AByxii cropoHiï Hauieâ Tpeyro^bHOH n^oiuaAKH 6bum 
oôpbiBbi, a c-b TpeTbefi, KpyTofi OTatcb xpeëTa. CBH3ajiHCb se- 



— 47 — 



peBKoft, KOTOpyio aaLffciiHJm sa CKajiy, euuhjih BHHa h ntvjm 
cnaTb, noKpbiBiiJHCb maTpoM-b. H-feKoropbie coBckw-b ne aacHy- 
jih, Apyrïïi saApeMa™, ho ne Ha jxojîto. Maca Mepe3T3 no^Topa 
cTajio cB-bTaTb h Bcfcx-b, npOAporwHX'b orb xojioAa, pasfiyAM^H 
jibaih ARJihwe* CnycKaTbcsï Mbi He xorfcjiH. xaK-b naic-b cnyCK-b 
ôbi^-b He Mente onaceH'b, q-feM-b nofl'beM'b, a tcoHeq'b noAteMa 
Kaaa^icfl Taicb 6jih3ko, 

OAHH-b H3-b pa3BtA^HKOB-b nonajii» B-b meÔHHCToe pyc^o 
BMCoxmaro, ropHaro noxona, RpM MajrfcHU]eMT> ABmKeHiH me- 
6ewb cnojfâajrb no CKJiony h BMtcTt ci> hhmt^ mojkko 6h;io 

CKaTHTbCH Cb TO^OBOKpy>KHTeJlbHOM BblCOTbL 

PaC^HCTHBTî Cb ÔOJIbtIIOH OCTOpOHCHOCTbK) yrviyôJieHifl A^a 
KHCT6H pyiOb M HOfb, OH'b Jierb nJiaiDMfl Ha XOtfOAHbïe KaMHH II 
CTaJTb npOCHTb nOMOlUH. 

C-b TOCKOH CMOTptjTb Oirb H3 HpKÎH KpaCKH yxpa, HSy^Tb 

set TpaBKH h KaMeujKM, Bc*b cocHbi h CK&AH BOicpyrb Hero, BT> 
Tox-b AO^rifi qacb, KorAa oôxoAOM-b jrfesjiH Haeepx'b h cnyaca- 
jiiiCb OTTyAa Ha Bepeent, htoÔTi nOMOHb Tosapniny. lloji^ hhmt*, 

CaJHeHH TpH CTOJUTb OAMH-b H3>b HaCb, rOTOBHH JIOBHTb erO B^b 

CJiy*jat naA^Hin... 

CKopo nocjit aroro HamjiH jienrifi BHXQA'b m bt> 8 nac. 
yipa 6biJiH Ha BepmHH-k TaMi> 3aKpHnaAH ^ypa" — Heoôbi^aH- 
Hbiii nOA'bCM'b Ôbtjrb coBepmCH-b. K-b Be^epy ABoe nomsm B-b 
AJiynKy, K*b ocTâBuiHMca bti jiarep'h. Hoibfo na BuuiK'b ropw 

CB%THJlHCb, KaK'b 3B%3AbIj OrHH KOCTpOBT>. F. H t 



A/ibniMCKaa xpomma* 



i. 

TpH roAa TOMy HanaA^ npa B^aAHKaBKascKOMi. KaACTCKOMT» 
Kopnych opraHH30Ba,acîï ropHbiîi Kpy^OK-b, HaM-feTMBnrïH ceoeio 
3aAa*ieH : HayqHoe H3c;rfcA0BaHie KaBKaaa bo BCfex-b OTHoniem- 
ïix*b> B-b nepeye ABa roAa ceoero cymecTBOBamsi, KpyHtKOM-b 
6hjih yCTpoeHH BKCKypciH no BoeHHO-rpy3HHCttoft Aoporh h B-b 
Hnropiio, bi> ropnyEO Oceriio H 26-AHeBHan KOHHaa 9KCKypcifi 

BTi CBOHeTlîO, 

Bo BpeMH 3KCKypcifi npoHSBOAH^HCb 6apoMeTpHqecKifl h 
TepMOMeTpHMecKisi Ha6ji!OA€HÎH, onpeA^HJiH HaKJiom* h 3ajiera- 
Hie n^acTOB-b no ropnoMy KOMnacy, aanHCbiBaJiacb HOMenic;iaTypa 
ropeux-b BepuiHtrb, npoH3BOAH^HCb £J30Torpa(}>H4ecKÏe CHHMKH M 
épopée, 

Kpy>KOK-b npeAnojiaraer-b B*b 6yAymeM-b n3AasaTb, ec™ 
nosBOJtflrb cpeACTBa, c6opHHm>, npH KpyacK-fe nojîoaceno Ha^ajio 
My3eio *}, 

IL 

OÔcepBaxopîfl Ha MoHÔJiaHt, oCHOBaHuaa bt> 18J2 ro#y 
^aHceHOMt bt> HacToamee BpeMH aacrojibKo HaK^oHH^acb no 
HanpaBJieHno kt> IJIaMOHH m norpysHJiacfe Bt CHtr-b, hto pa6o- 
TaTb btî hch ne npeACraBJiïïeTCH BO3M03KHbTM r b h bc% npHôopbi 
h hHCTpyMCHTbi nepenecenbi bhh3t> bt> oôcepsaTOpiio Bosses. 

Bm^cto o6cepBaTopiH >KaHceHa Ha BepuinH-fe MoHÔJiaHa, 
yCTawoBJieBa npe^HHH xMHcHna „Kochers Rouges", nepenecennan 
xy^a bt> pasoôpaHOM'b sha^ h ycraHOBJieHHaH Ha nojiosba, raicb 
*jto no Mtpt HaAoÔHocTH ee mohcho 6yAeTb nepeABHratb no 
cntry. TaKHMis oôpasoMii HBJiflercfl bosmohchoctb yttpbtTbca ry- 

pHCTaMli OTt HenOrOAH H QTAOXHyTb, a aCTpOHOMaM-b, OCHO- 

BaBUJHMCa btî Bosses, ece-raKH bosmojkho fîy.neT'b npOH3BOAHTb 
cboh HafijnGACHifl «a BepuiHH'fe MoHÔJiana, 



*) HaaTmxi» Bbiiueji-b nepBbiA homcp^ wypnajra roptraro KpyHCKa, ai m- 
TOpoMij iiûMhmeHa CTarba uHerecTamibi» h or^er-b aa 2 rcuia. 



04>4>HULiayibHaH nacTb. 



npOTOKOJl^b 

sacbAaHÎH O^epe^Haro CoOpamn KpiiiM.-KaBKa3CK t FopH. Kjiyôa 

21 Miisapfi 1910 % m 

npHcyTCTBOsajiH 4^eHH Kjiyôa : A, K. AjieKcfceB-b, XL XL 

B-fejioiuHUKiH, K. O. JlbicaKOBCKiti, H. H MojmaHoea, T. H. Co- 
KOJiOBa, tîJieHy-coTpyAHHKM h rocre. 

npeACt^aTe^bCTBOBHJi'b E. <I>. MojmaHOBii. 

no oTKphiTin sackaamsi npeActAaTejibCTByiomiii npejyio- 
iKtLTb Co6paHÎio BHCiyiuaTb #OK.iaA*b cna^ajia i JJieHa K;iy6a n. 
f, rierposa o HOBooTKpbiTbix*b nemepax-b na Ha-rapAar-fe, a sa- 
rkwh nmm Kjiyda P. 4>, HecTypxa o ntmexoAHOH eryAeime- 
ckoB BKCKypciH no KpbiMy, jrbTOMi> 1909 ro^a, 06a AOKJiaaa 
HJuiK)CTpHpoBa.nHCb KapTHHaMH npM noMomn npQSKijioHHaro 
4)OHapît h BH3Bam* ôojibiuoH HHTepecb cpe^H MJieHOBii Itayôa, 
Coôpanie Harpa&H;io AOKJiaAqHKûB-b npo#o;i)KHTe;ibHbiMH anruio- 

^HCMeHTaMH. 

3acfe£aHÎe ôujio aaKpuTo n*b IDV* nac. Beqepa. 



npoTOKOJi'b aacfeAaHifl ripaBJieHifl Kp,-KaBK, TopH. Kjiyôa. 
11 tfieepajui 1910 i. 

flpticyTCTBOBajiH ; E. A. HpoÔHbtft, B. K* KosjieHKO, A, K. 
AjieKC'beB'b. 

npeActAaie^bCTBOBaJi'b E. 4>. MûJmaaoB'b. 

1) npoqtrraHbî h yTBep}KAeHbi npOTOKO^bi sacbAaHifl 3-ro 
AeKaôpfl 1909 r. 

2) XlojiOîKeHG o cMepTii npeAcfeAaTejifl MTajibHHCKaro Anh- 
niflcKaro Kjiyôa A. Grober'a, npaBJietrie nocraHOBHJio noc^aTb 
co6ojit3HOBaHie. 

3) npMHHxa npocbôa MocKOBCKaro Apxeojiorn4ecKaro Hh- 
cTHTyxa oôt^ oTKpHTiH no^nHCKH npn Kjxyôt ma coopyïKeHia 
34anifl ApxeojioFHMecKaro HHCTHTVTa hmchm He3aÔBeHHaro hcto- 
pHKa H, E. Saô'knHHa, 

4) noeraHOB/ieHo OTKaaatb bt* npocbôt A* r. MaptieHKo 
o BbiAa^t narpaAHbïX'b Aeiierb, bij BH^y Toro, 4to bt* Kauuc^ 
jinpm Knyôa ntï-b MKaitHX'b AOKyMeHTOB-b o TOM-b, hto r. Map- 
«hko xpaHHJii> HMymecTBo rarpHHCKaro OrA'fejieHÎfl. 



— 50 — 

î) nOCTâHOB^eHO COfJiaCHTbCJÏ Ha OdM'fcH'b H3AaHÎHMH Cb 
^HepHOMOpCKHM-b Ce^bCKHM-b X03HHCTBOM1>", 

6) IlpHHflTa K-b cet^-feHÏK) CjiaroaapHOCXb sa BbictuiKy 
*3anHC0K'b u Kjiyôa oxi> O^eccKOH nyôJiHtjHOH ÔHÔJiioxeKH h 
, r CTyAeHtîecKaro KpyîKKa JIïo6nTe^eô flpHpOAW" npH XapbKOB- 

CKOM-b yHHBepCHTeTt. 

7) IlocTaHOBJieHO no bo3mohchocth ynoBJiexBopHTb npocb- 
6 y MJieHa-coTpyAHHKa nexpoBa o BHAaq-fe 9KCKypcaHTaM-b Bemeâ 
Kjiyôa, a xaKiKe npio6p-fccTn H-feKoxopbie npeAMexbi CHap5meHia, 

8) P-femeHO ynac-TBOBarb Ha BMcraBR-fe bï, O^eccb; mo ace 
KacaeTCa EKaxepHHQCJiaBCKOfi BbiCTaBKH, to FIpaBJieHie npH3Hajio 
Hey£o6HbiMi> OAHOBpeMeHHoe ynacxïe na AByx-b BbicxaBKax-b. 

9) lÎBôpauu eh HJienu K 
a) JÏ'feiicTBHTe.ibHMe : 

1) flMHipieBa, BapBapa FleTpoBHa* 

2) rieTpOÉa, AjieKcanApa raBpnuioBHa. 

3) Moji^aHOBa, Hnna HBanoBHa. 

4) HeciepeHKo, BjianHMÏp'b MBaHOBim'b, 

5) KoHCTaHTHHOB-b, Ceprhtë OCHnOBHq-b, 

ti) UHMMepMaHli, CeprfeH AKUMÛBHM-b, 
8) MpOMKOBCKiH, lO-iiaH-b nCTpOBH4'b. 

i)) MapienKOj EjieHa HKOBJieBHa. 

10) HoBaKi), E,iH3aBeTa EoryMHJiOBwa. 

6) l lAeHU'ConfpydHUKU : 

i) U.HMMepMaH'b, MaTMJib^a ôe^oxosHa. 

2) UuMMepMaH'b, Ojibra Bjia^HMipOBHa. 

3) MonûBHA'b» ./IioABHr'b kjx^moBwvh. 
X) KoHtapcKiâ, «ÈeAop'b. 

5) UKHwaHaypM, reoprm ÂBepîaKOBHH'b. 

6) nerpHCKiH, HMKOJiaw HHKo^aesHq'b. 

npoTOKOJTb sackAamn OqepeAHaro CoôpaHÎs Kp,-KaB. I\ K;e, 
24 (fieepaJifi 1910 ioda. 

npHcyrcTBOBaJiH : À, K. AjieKCfeeB'b, JX* IX. BtjioniHUKiH, 
K. A* TapyTHH'b, *meHi>ï-cûTpyAHHKH m rocxH. 

ripeACt^aTe^bCTBOBa^'b E. 4>, Moji4aHOBT>. 

flo OTKpyTÎH 3ac%Aani3 qjieH'B-coxpyAHMK'b JI. À. Mohq- 
BKji"b CR'knsji'h cooômeme Ha xeMy: 1T 4aiï h ero Ky.ibrypa na 
KaBRas-fe", CooômeHie conpOBoacAa.nocb ACMOHCTpnpoBaHieMi> 
noqB'b, pHcyHKOB'b h 4 }OTOr P a 4 > î^ a xaKHte nOKa3aHi> îkhboh 
^KseMHJiîïp'b Mafinaro pacxeHÎH» CooÔmeHÎe BbisBajio HHTepecb h 
conpoBojKAajiocb npoAO/rjKMTejibHHM'b co6ec%AOBaHÎeMi 3 no Aan- 
HOMy Bonpocy. 

Coôpatîie ôbi^o saKpbJTo bt> 10 "ï, se^epa. 









— 51 — 



ftntrb o AtflTe/ibHOCTH KpbiMCRO-KaBHascKaro TopHaro 

Hiiyôa 3a 1909 roAv 

I. JfiiiiiHfi cocTaui» Kjtytia. 

noqeTHbift npciictAaTe^b Kjiyâa, Ero Bmcoicctbo npHHiVb 
AjieKcaH^P'b nexpoBHqii OjibACHdyprcirift. 

noHexHbix^ ^menoB-b . , . , , 32 

HJieHOBT> yupeAHTCJieH . . 8 

HjieHOB-b AtacTBHTe^bHbix'b H coTpy^HHKû B'b: 33(i + 1U = 376. 

427 

IL Codas** llpanjteiiia Kjiyfta* 

Bii 1909 i\ cociae-b ripaB/iemsi, KâttHMl» onpcA"fe.nHJH:H wb 
roAH L iHOM-b Co6paHiH, 6bi.ii» cfl'b^yiomift : 

npeAcfeAaTCJib K^yôa A/ieKcauApii JlbBOBiw-b BepTbe-^Ue- 
JïarapA'b. 

Tob, npeAcbflaTe^a Eereniâ «PeAOpOBHM'b MojnaHOBii. 

l Uenbi IIpaQJienw. 

1) Bpayiîep-bp AjieKcaHAp* AJieiccaH^poBH^'b. 

2) HpoôHbiS, BopHct AjieKCbeBH^-L, 

8) Hjioaaficicaiï, EKaTepHHa CeprteBHa, peA^KTop-b w 3ann- 
coicb" K/iy6a. 

4) K03JieuK0 v BflaAHMipTi KoHCTaHTHHOBiwb, ica3HaqeA Kjiyfia. 

5) JlacKapeB^, BjiaAHMip'b JlMHTpieBHHi». 
(î) CatJïOHOB'b, BjiaAHMipT> CaBBHTb. 

7) TaH(})HJib€B'b, raepiH^Tï HBaHOBfra'b, 

8) CeKpeTapb K,ny6a AjieKCbeB-b, A/ickcM KapnoaHTh. 

lïundufktmu $4 i £n mu llpaaAvnhi. 
HaBpOI^Klftj AJlCKCaHAP'b TpHropbeBHtrb. 

Tpanann, B^aAHMip'b AjieKcaHApoBHma. 
Pvmmonnan Hommucui , 

TpanaHH, AjieKcaHAP^ AjîeKcaHApOBH i n>, 
Bayspii, BpyHO AjibCepTOBimii. 
BpocJiaBCKiH, MsaHii naB^OBH i n>* 
raeBCKÎH, JlyKa OnjiHnnoBH4*b. 

HOJIAC, KOHCTaHTMH-b BnaAHMÎpOBHl'b. 

TiopHH'b, HpaH'b Hhkhthhtï. 

111. JI/ImTCJiBfiOfTb K\iymi, 

FIpaB/ieme K;iy6a coÔHpajioct bi> McreKuieMb rûAy 11 pa3*b 
10, 15 h 28 AHBapsi, 18 $eBpa;ui» 4, 8 m 17 MapTa, 22 anptjm, 

10 CeHTfldpfl, 21 OKTHÔpfl H 3 HOHOpYT. 



~ 52 



Sacb^aHifl n parsema ôumî nocBamCHbi TeKymHM'b A'kJiaM-B 
Kjiyfîa, ycTpoflcTBy ceMCHHbix-b BenepoBT>, opraHHaauin sKcnyp- 
cift: cocTaBJienie MapwpyTQB'b, aaroTOB/ieme aapaHte noM-bme- 

HÎH MA 3KCKypCÎH H npO*ï. 

B-b HCTCKiueM-b roay cocrOHjmcb cji^AyiomiH aiccicypciii : 

1) H.JieHOB'b Kjiy6a noA*b pyKOBOACtBOM'b PosHAKOea. 

2) BocnHTaHHHu-b KajiyKCKoiï jKeHCKOfl rHMnaaÎH* 
y) BocnHTaHîiHKOB'b MapbHHCKaro PyccKaro UenTpajibHaro 

y^HAMiua, nûAt pyRoso^cTBOM-b Xa^MCM-KoKeesa, no orbayio- 
meMy MapmpyTy, cocTaBJienHQMy npaBJieHieM-b Kjiyôa : (Oaêc- 
ca— CeB3CTono.iB ~ BaxHHcapan — An-IleTpH — fljrra— CeBaero- 
nojih—Q&tccd). 

4) BocnHTaHHMKOB-b H3MaHJlbCKOfi THMHasiH, UORb pyko- 

BOACTBOMt qjieHa K^y6a H«KOAaa BacH^beBHna Kpeama. 

5) CyMCKaro Peajibnaro yqH/iHma, noAi> pyïcoBOA. naena 
K/iyôa BepeTeHHKKOBa. 

6) CTyAeHTOB'b Cn6. yHHBepCHTeia, no;vb pyKOBOACTBOM-b 
qjfëtia Kjiyda AjiencaHApa repManoBM'ïa reiiKe;isL 

7) AHaHbeBCKOû IIIko^w PeMecjieHHhix'b yqeHHKOBi) HMeHH 
HMnEPATOPA AJIEKCAH/1PA II, bi> Kptiarb h Ha KaBKas-b, 

8) nbtiiexoAHasi SKCKypchi no KpbiMy CTyAeHTOB-b m y<iii- 
rejiefl, nOA*b pyKOBOACTBOM-b HJiena-coTpyAHHKa II, I\ reposa, 
3KCKypcin npoCbuia bt» KpbiMy 40 AHeE, H04yn B-h najmTKax-b h 
[jepCB03H cBoe cHapameme Ha py^Hoâ Tejrfc>K!cfe. SKCKypcia 
MCMCAy nponuwh HacjrbAoaajia nemepw Ha HarapAarb h oTKpbt- 
;ia HOByio nemepy N° 5, 

II. Ha KuBKUJi., 

9) OKaaaHa noMomb no opraHH3auhi 9KCKypciH Ha Kas- 
Ka3i> 4JieHOMT> JlioHCKaro OTA'feJieHifl <î»paHuy3CKaro AjibnifiCKaro 
K;iy6a, 

10) SKCKiypciïï ^.leHOB-b K^y6a nOA"b pyKOBOACTBOMi, npo- 
4>eecopa B. XM-LieBCKaro, ci> Hay^non trkjibio Ha Kpacnyio flo- 
jiHHy m K-b oaepy KapAfeiBati'b. 

lt) Tpynn% y^MTejiefi h yqMTejibHHU'b Tepcicoiï crtwiacra 
ôujiî» cocraBJieH'b noApoÔHbiii MapuipyT-b 3KCKypciH no KpbiMy 
h KaBi<a3y, 

12) HeôoiibuiiH 3KCKypciH noA'b pyKOBOACTBOMi. Tob. np, 
E. 0. MojiqaHOBa Ha KpacBOH IloJiHH'b h oKpecTHocTax'b icb ne- 
peaajiy flceauixo na ânre^bMaHOBCKyio Ilo^nny h na ropy 
AHr6y h np. 

13) noA'b pyKOBOACTBOM-b qjiena Kjiyôa npotjj. B, A, {^ohij- 
*J>pMAepHKca et BocxoKAeHieM-b na KasôeK-b, 

OÔtUKxii coGpaniH 6uno nnib; 21 HHBapsij KoMMHcia no 
ycTpoftCTBy Beqepa, PoAHHHoe Co6paHie 8 Mapxa, h 3 onepeA- 



- 53 - 

Hbix-b (28 HHBapa, 22 anp-fejifl, 21 okthôph), Ha KOiopbix'b 6buiii 
saoïymaiibi cjrÉAyioiuÎH coofimeniH; 

1) Bt> onepeAHOMii coôpaHÏH 28 «HBapji, qjteHa K;iy ôa B. 
P. BoesGACKaro: ^Mog-^op-b h nporyjiKa no OBepmr. 

2) B-b oHepeAHOM-b coôpaniH 22 anp-fejm, q/iena Kjiyôa K, 
O. JlycaKOBCKaro „CoBpeMeHHoe cocroHHÎe HayKH h jieAHHKax-b 11 
h ..rHCcapCKiM Xpefierb". 

:l) B-b oqepeAHOM-b co6paHJH 21 okthôph, qjieirb Kjiy6a 
A. M KHpHqenKO: t) no'fe3AKa' B"b Ta^biuiiî m BROJih pyccKO-nep- 
cHACKoft rpaHHUbi". 

w 3antîCKii w K;iy6a bhxoahjih b-b yBeJumeHHOhrb oôteM-fc. 
3a OTqeTHbifl roA'b nosîBHjiHCb bt> rteqaTH OAHa KHHJKKa sa 1008 r. 
h Tpw 3a 190iJ r, 

Hanôcurbe KpynHbîfl CTâTbH, noMtmeHHHïi bt. ^SanHCKaxi^, 
B-b 1909 r. 

1) H, riorreHnojib n Hepeaii Po3enrapTeH'b. KeHHrcuiriHTue, 

/ÏCUIOMHTN BpCTTblO. AAaMe;iJlO\ 

2) A* H, KïipHqeHKo <H3B^e^eHie H3i> cooSEjenifl npoHH- 
TBHRaro btj OqepeAHOMi. CoGpaHÎH Kjiy6a\ 

3) A. ^OHt-MeKK-b, „>KeHmHHbï*a/lbnHHHCTKH u , 

4) L M. Aumejiecb* B CbiJiTpaiï'b~Kejib w . 

5) T- LUTeHiiMaHH-b. rt QqepKT> reo^oraqecKaro cxpoeum 
AjibnificKOH ropHofl CHCTeMbu, (OKOHqaHie), 

(j) K. JlbicaKOBCKiiï. w CoBpeMeHHoe cocTonnie HayKH o ;ieA- 
HHKaxi> h PHCcapCKiâ xpe6eTT>". 

7) E, Moposoea, „KapTHHKH KpbiMa". 

8) n, IleTpoBt. B HoBbiH nemepbi HaTbipAara\ 

B*b 3aKJiioqeHie otm^thm-s arfeAyiomisi TeKymifl co6biTifi 
B-b KM3HM IGiyôa: 

1) 28 ceHTHÔpH 1909 r. Kjiyôi*, bt» jihlvb HjmiHCKaro Ot* 
ji^mnln HMtjrb cqacïbe noAnectH B-b JÎHBaAÎH ErO HMIIEPA- 
TOPCKOMY BEJlHHECTBy POCyjlAPK) HMnEPATOPy, 
peibetfî'b K)>KHaro ôepera KpbiMa, 

2) BaKOnqeHa Bqepirfc nocTpOHKa AOMa-yô'fcïïtHma, hmchii 
npocjx E. H. HjioBaMCKaro^ Ha KpacHoô rio^AH-fe, rjui yqeHbix'b, 
xyAOiKHHKOBTi, TypncTOB-b, no npoeiay qjieHa Kjiyôa apXHxeK- 
xopa B. A. Eayapa, 

3) OTKpbiTie hoboïï nemepbi njîenaMH KjiyÔa Ha HaTbipAar-k, 

4) y^acTie lùiyôa na BbicraBR-t no aJibnHHH3My npw XII 
c'bt3A'fe EcTecTBOMcnbiTâTejiefl h BpaqeH B-b MocKB-fe. 

")) 26 Mapxa î&Ofl r. CKOHqajicfl noMomHHK'b ceKpeTapn E, 
FL KyfieHHUKiA, ripopadoTaBLuifi B*b Kjiyôi HenpepyBHO snpo* 
AO^Hcenia 13 jrtrb* 






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CnHCCWb 

Ujioiioivitlïpuffli'KO-KaiiiEajruai'O ropii. IC:iv6a in. 1 mina pu 1910 1 . 



FIoHeTHWH npeAclïAaTéJib Kjiyôa Ero MMnepaTopcKoc Bbi- 
cohcctbo npjjHirb AjieKcaH^pb nerpoEiiH-b OjibAeHÔyprcKÎih 

nowmubte l lMmi. 
Ero MMfiepaTopCKoe Bbico^ecTBo BcjihkÎh KHH3b KoHCTaHTHH-b 

KOHCTatfTHHOBHqiî. 

Eh iÎMnepaTopcKoe Bbico4eeTBO npMHuecca EBreHÎH MaKCHMH- 

jiiaHOBHa 0/ibAen6yprCKafl* 
Eh IÎMnepaTopcKoe Bbico i iecTBo BejiHKan KHamna Ojibra Ajick- 

caHApOBHa, 
Ero H&fnepaTopCKoe BbicotïecTBO FlpiiHivb rieipii ÀJieKcaHApo- 

Btfq-b Ojib^eHÔyprCKÎH, 
Ero BbiconecTBO npHHirb flyuRinii AMe^eiî-CaBOHCKift, repuon* 

AôpyuciriH* 
Ero BbicoqecTBo reHepajrb-AA-btoTaHrb CeiiA'b-AdAy.fl'b-AxaA'k- 

XaHi>, 9MHpi> ByxapcKÏiL 
BepTbe-/lejiarap^ F b > A^eKcaH^pT> JIbBOBHq'b. 
BedepT*, ^e^op'b ZlaHH^0BH4'b. 
TeHKejib, AjieKcaHAp'b FepMaHOBHH'b. 
fleniH (t^onij), NlopHij'b. 
EpMOJioBb, AjteKcM CeprteBHH-b. 
}KaHceH'b, >Kiojib» 
3aropAaH r bj HBaHiï HecTopoBHiii*. 
H^oBaflcKaflj EKaxepHHa CeprteBHa. 
KaMeHCKifi, tDpamj'b MHxaraoBHH'b, 
Kejuiepi> (rpacf)*)» Mapin AjieKcaH£poBHa, 
KHH3e8i>, EBreniH BacnjibeBHTb. 

KyponaTKMH"b, ÂJieEtc'fefi HHKQjiâeBHTb, Penepa;rb-AA r biCïTaHTb, 
JIa3apeBT>, neTpt MHxaifJKïBHTb. 
MeKKii (4>OHii), AJieKcaHAP'b KapjioBHH-b t 
MepKyjiOBiï, BjiaAHMip'b AjteKcaHApOBH^'b, 
Meecapoui'b, EKarepHHa HsaHOBHa. 
MHKJianieBCKift, MnxaHJrb Hjibn»n» t 



— 57 — 




OBCH-b, AAOJibïJrb BacjMbeBHH'b. 




IlorreHnoJib» HHKOJiafi BacHJibeBHq-b, 




PûOni», XpHCTO^Op-b XpMCTOtJ)0pOBHin5 t 




PysbBejibTt, TeoAOp'bj Shb. npe3HAeHT-b C, 


a. c. m. 


Cejuia, BMTTOpio. 




TfïMporb, ÂJieKcaHAp'b KapjioBH(it>. 




Tpcnosiï, B^SAHMip-b OeAOpOBHHTj, 




<I>peiiî4)MbA'b t Hyr^acb. 




UlTyôCH^op^iï, Otto SAyapAOBHMTï. 




LUepÔaKOB'b, AJieKctfi HBaHOBHq'b. 




Hjienbi-iivpwhiwfjit ; 




ApMaujCBCKni, neTpii flKOBJieBuq-b . - 


. , . Kîcb. 


BOGHKOB-b» A^CKCaHAp'b HBaHOBHHTj . . . , 


. . . cn.B. 


KaMeHcdii, «ÊpaHirb MHxaHjiOBMm> .... 


, \ . OAecca. 


t KypHCb, MBaHiï iipmjiieBim-b . , 


* p . Xepcon-b. 


JImctobi?, IOpiii AjieKcaHApoBHHT* . . .. . 


. i , HepKaccbi, 


t MyiiiKeTOBT>, HBaH-b BaaubeBH'-i'h . , - 


i cn.B. 


t npeiiAe^b, PoMyjn> AjieKCaHApoBHHT> . „ 


\ . , OAecca. 


PoManoBCKift, reHiîaAÎH J\a\mAQBm , h , . . 


. ,_ cn.B. 


Pbrôamrifi, BjiaAHMip-b Ahtohobh^ .... 


, . . HJiTa. 


CKpodHiiieBCKifi, B;iaAHCJiaB-b flKOBJiCBHm» . 


. JLqra. 


CTenen-b, A^eKcauAp'b XpHcrîaHOBHq-b . É 


, . . Ç,ltE. 


Ilooicusuennue vAerni: 


roAu 


AôaMejieK'b, kh. AHHa MsaHOBHa . . , . 


1899 OAecca. 


AnApOHHKOBa, kh., Mapia HBaHOBHa É . m 


1902 OAecca. 


BjiaAHMipoB-b, AjieKcaHApt EcJ)HMOBHq'b . — 


1891 MocKBa. 


OGojieHCKtin, kh,, E^eiia KoiîCTaHTiiBOBHa . 


1902 MepHKOB-b. 


OqenoBCKaflj EKaTepHHa BorAaHOBiia è , 


1898 OAecca. 


norrennojib, JleoHTHHa KapJioBHa , , , . . 


I!l0ti cn.B. 


CMnflrMHTï, A^eKCaHAP'b rpuropbeBHqi, , , 


1897 CeBacronojib 


CKaAOBCidH, CeprfeH Ba.rracapoBHH'b . „ . 


1901 CnM<pepon. 


CreHÔOK'b^epMop'b, rp t B;iaA. BacH.NbeBHq'b. 


1899 Hob. Byrb. 


CyxOMJlHHOB-b, HllKO^aH ^eAopoBH^'b . : , 


1891 OAecca. 


4 ) ajibU'b-$efiH'b ï CoiJ)ba BorAaHOBHa ...» 


1 898 riep. Ta B . r. 


/^fbùemmimejtbîthie *imhw: 






l'OAU 


AeaMejieK-b, kh , JIioôoBb A/ieKeaHApoBHa 


1900 OAecca. 


AôaMejieicb, kh,, naBcrb AjieKCaHApoBim'b 


190o Xepcoin>. 


ABajiiaHM, Chmohtj JTyKHq*b *,•*.. 


1908 OAecca. 


AKCysiK-bj IOCH(})li BeHb«MMHOBHm> 


1908 OAecca. 


AjieKC%eB'b J A^ckcM KapnoBH^-b p . , 


1906 OAecca 


AjieKc-feeBa, AaeKcaHApa BaciuibeBHa > 1906 MoCKBa. 



— 58 — 






To^bi 


Anaipa, BapeojioMeM AtmejioBHq-b . . 


1895 Oaecca, 


ÂHaTpa, Muxanjrb AHHceAOBfWb * . . . * 


1908 OAecca. 


AHApycoB-b, Hmccuiafi HBaHORHq-b , . 


1890 IOpbes'b. 


10 AHCeJIbMT>, PyAOJIb^'b HKOB^eBHH-b . ■ 


1894 OAecca. 


AncHT-b, Kapjrb HBaHOBHq-b . ... 


1904 Kiee. ry6. 


AFITHllHH'b, HHKOJiafl HBdHOfiHM'b . . « 


189» OAecca, 


ApryTHHCKiiï-Zlo^ropyKifl, kïi., Bop. Hhk 


, 1899 Cn.B. 


Acmojiobtî, B^a^HMip-b HsaHOBHm» . . 


1898 Poct. H|^OB. 


AyrcT-b, flKGB-b KapjtOBHm> . . , . . 


1906 OAecca. 


AyAepCKiiï, Pouaira HMKOjiaeBH^'b : É 


1902 OAecca. 


BaÔKHÏl-b, MaTB-feÏÏ JÎKÛBJieBHH'b .... 


1902 OAecca, 


Bajuujiriâ, AjieKcaHAp'b BjiaAHCJiaBOBHq'b 1903 OAecca* 


BajiHmrifi, EBreaiii BjtaAHCJiaBOBHq-b a . 


1904 MopA-K>--3.A. 


20 BapaHOBCKiS, Erop-b HoaHOeH^-b . , , 


1896 BHAp.Mor.r. 


EapAaxi», JlKOB-b lOjibeBHq-b 


1893 OAecca. 


BaTioiuKOB-b, A/ieKcfcâ AMHxpieBHm* . 


1897 IlaB^orpaAT- 


Bayspii, BpyHO Ajib6pTOBH4'b , . . : 


1!I0G OAecca. 


BejibrapAt, 3MHjiia nasjioBHa . - • . 


1902 E4>p.TyjibC.r. 


BeHem-b, Co4>bH HKOBJieBHa ..... 


1898 BtHa. 


BepTeHCOH'b, BacMJÛfl A.aeKrbeBHq'b . . 


1897 OAecca, 


EepHiUTefiH-b, KoHCTaHTHK-b renpnxoBHqi 


* 1903 OAecca. 


B^yMÔepr-b, BiuibrcjibM'b MBaHOBHq-b , 


1898 OAecca, 


BOKOB'b, EpMiK raBpH^OBHH'b . . , 


1904 HoBowpKac. 


30 BorocjiaBCKifl, «teAOp-b naBJiOBHH-b . , 


1906 KpbiMi>. 


Bop30B F b, AjieiccaHijp'b FleTpoBKq'b . . 


1906 MocicBa. 


BoCCaJIHHH, KOMHJlJITi HBaHOBH4T> . , â 


1898 OAecca, 


EQsmycb, Kapjrb KapjiOBiwb — . , , . 


1909 OAecca, 


BoaHycb, HHKOJiaïï KapjiOBKq'b . . . , 


1906 MocKBa, 


Epaynep^, A.iencaHAp'b AJieKcaHApOBHH'b 1901 OAecca. 


EpafiKeBHqT>,AJieKcaHAP'bAjieKcaHApOB, 


1909 Tupacno^b. 


EpaoïaBcirifi, MBaH-b RaBJioBHq'b . , . 


1908 OAecca, 


BpoACKaii, Mapia AôpaMOBna ,".,♦. 


1902 OAecca. 


By TKHH'b, AjieKCM HKOBJieBIWb * . . 


1903 Comh, 


40 B-bjioiiJHUKïft, iloMeriH ^oMiaeOBHqii , 


1309 OAecca, 


BacHJieKKo, B.iaAHMip'b HBaHOBHq"b . . 


1908 OAecca, 


BepeTeHBHKOB'bj FIop(})Hpifi npoKo^beB, 


1909 CyiwbL 


BecejiOBCKifl, KoHctaHTKH'b CeprteBMq'b. 


1908 OAecca. 


Becjie, Eflremfi KapjiOBHH'b , , . , . 


1909 OAecca. 


BecTMaHi», Ceprfeâ AH^peeBHq'b . , ■ 


1904 Tyjibqa. 


BHJIbKOBCKlH, K3CTHHV 4>eAOpOBHHTj 


1909 OAecca. 


BH^bKomeBCKiftj Mapiatrb JlbBOBHq'b 


1807 OAecca» 


BHuieBCKiHj BjiaAHMip'b raepHJionHq-b . 


1997 OAecca- 


Bon*, Ajibëeprb .......... 


1905 HoBopocciiic. 


50 BoeBOACKift, BeneAHKTb Pa^aHJiOBHq-b . 


1906 OAecca. 


BojuKHtta, (Wra AjieKcbeBHa , * , . 


1900 noAo^bCK, r, 


ByKOBH i ï'b ? HHKOJiaft HHKOJiaeBHqiï , * 


1907 OAecca, 



— 59 — 






roaa 


raescicift, Jlyua ^MJiHnnoBHM'b . . . 


1908 OAecca, 


raMiMbTOHiî, MaKCHMMJiiaH'b A/ieiccbeH* 


1909 OAecca. 


Faccejibôjiarb, OTTOMap'b OrTOMapoEHHip 


t§07 OAecca, 


reHHHHr-b-^ ** 1 *» 3pnecTT> A^ppeeBuq-b 


1909 OAecca, 


reneuKifl, BacHJiiâ BacnjibeuMmi É , . 


1909 MocKBa 


repau^eHKO, Cre^aH-b MBaHOBHq-b . . 


1907 Kuala, 


To^yôOBaj A;ieKcanApa AiiacTacbeBHa . 


1909 OAecca, 


60 ronHHHreH'b-rioHe J 6ap.3 > [iyapAi>3AyapA> 1908 OAecca. 


TpHropbeB^ MHxaHjrb «ÊeAOpOBsm-b , 


1907 OAecca. 


rpoceep-b» JîyHsa BjiaAHMipOBHa . . . 


1902 OAecca. 


JUBHAOBHtfb, CTenan-b <freO(f)H;iOBHq*b . 


1900 KHLUHHeB'b. 


ZlamiHct, Anna HsaHOBHa ... 


1907 OAecca. 


/lamKCBH^-bj BajiepbHH-b MBaHOBHq-b . 


1907 CopOKH. 


/leMeHKOBa, JIhaih FaBpHJioBHa . . , . 


1907 OAecca. 


/iHHHHK'b, HHKOJiail JlKOBJieBHHTi . , . 


1892 Cxaspon, K- 


JlMMTpieB-b, MHxaiKTb AMHTpieBIÎH'b 


1909 OAecca. 


HMHTpieBa, Bapsapa FleTpoBHa , . . . 


1910 OAecca, 


70 Aodpoea, EjreHa /iMHTpîeBHa -, , , „ 


1907 KHiuimeBii. 


Ho/iBncKaa, Ojibra *eAOpOBna . . . , 


1893 Ct. ZIojihhck. 


AoMÔpOBCKi^ A^aM-b [opAaHOBHMt , , 


1908 OAe3ca. 


AOMâpOBCKlH, BHKeHTÏH lopAaH0BH4T> . 


1893 OAecca. 


HodpîïCaHCKÎiî, reHHaiiia BacHJibeBH*n>— 


190S OAecca, 


^OXTypOBCKiH, BjiaAHMÎpb CeMeHOBHH-b 


1908 cn.B. 


HpoÔHaa, Jlio^MHJia BacHJibeBHa . ■ . 


1!I05 OAecca, 


JlpoôHyti, BopMCb A^eKcteBim^b . . É 


1904 OAecca. 


EBHeBHMT., AACKcaHAP'b AeaHacbeBH4 r b , 


1905 OAecca, 


EpeMHHTi, JlMHTpÏH Po^iOHOBMMb ♦ . . 


M 108 OAecca, 


80 EpyaaJibCKiÔ! BjiaAHMip'b JleonojibAQBimi 


. 1908 OAecca. 


>KepeÔKo, B.raaAHMip'b JIeoHHAOBH4 F b 


1908 OAecca. 


>KypaBCKiiî f ^MHTpiu EsreHieBHq-b , . 


1903 OAecca. 


SarpflrHccKifl, Ai»eKcaH4pT> AaeKcaHApoB. 


1!I0A OAecca. 


Bafluesii, AjieKCtH MuxâMAOBturb . ■ . 


1907 Bapiuana. 


3âHra, BHKTopia HBaHOBHa ...... 


1902 OAecca. 


Seflbuep'b, AHHa HjtbHMttHa . , , t , 


1909 OAecca, 


Se^ibuep-b, 3axapT> CojioMOHOBiM'b . , 


1909 OAecca. 


3yeBa, Mapin AjieKcaHApoBHa . , „ , 


1901 OAecca, 


MiianiKOBTî, riaHTejieft neTpoBH4i> . . 


1891 OAecca. 


DO MjiOBâftcKaH, HaraJibH HaaKOBBa . . . 


1903 OCji. B. A- 


HJtOBaâcKiâ, RmuR-h HBaHOBMH'b , , . 


1903 MocKsa. 


Hur^KHK'b, rycTaBii AjieKcaHApoBni*b , 


1907 FjoTepHHOU 


HpaKJiKAH, Agença h Api> riaBJioBHHi* . , 


1902 OAecca. 


lOAKOBCKiH, lOpiii JlbBOBB^Ti , t 


1902 Bn^bHO, 



— 60 - 






fo^bi 


KaJiHTHHCKift, AjieKcaiîApii neTpoBHm» , 


1909 OAecca. 


Ka^bCBABi ÀJlCKCaHAp'b AHTOHOBH^-b * 


1904 OAecca- 


KaMôypDBa» E/ieHa ÀjieKcteBH a . , 


1008 KMLDMtteB-b, 


Kannenfiepnb, 3pHecïb 4>e^opOBH4-b . 


1905 OAceca. 


KapaBo^HH-b, JleoHHA-b AACKcaiiApOBim'b 11)02 OAecca. 


100 KapaKaun>, AjickcM HBanoBHq'b , . . 


1901 CesacTonom». 


KapnMHCKÎil, A/ieKcaHAp'b HerpostiH-b , 


1892 C.n.B. 


KeciHep'b, EareHlfl MHxaH/ioBHHT> . è 


1908 OAecca, 


Ke^aJia» B-fcpa JlbBOBna 


(901 OAeccj. 


Ke^ajia, MHxamrb AjieKcanApoBHHi» ■ 


m\H OMo&i 


KHpHJioBa t Mapifl nexpOBHa . * * . . 


1ÎÏ08 KHUIHTieB-b, 


Kosa^bKO, JleB-b AHaTO/rieBHHTi , b , 


1907 O/tecca. 


KoBajieBCKÎH, HHKOJiafi HHKo;iaeBim-b * 


1906 JIe6. XapbKa, 


KoraHi», IOjiïa BopHCOBiia 


1908 OAecca. 


KoB^eHKO, B^a^HMip-b KoHCTaiiTBHOBHHïi 1904 OAecca. 


110 Kt>3jieHKO, EBrenia 3pacT0BHa . . . ♦ 


1906 O^eccH. 


KoKKeiij ÉereHiâ H/ibum* ,....* 


1908 OAecca. 


KoMapOBTi, CoKpaxiï HaaHOBHq'b . , - 


1907 OAecca. 


KoHCTaHTHHOBT>, Ceprbfi OcHnOBHq*. . 


1910 OACCCi?- 


KoïituHH'b, A/ieKcaHApiî lOiibeBM^'b . . 


1909 OAecca. 


KopHMâH'b, EBreHJH HBaHOBHH'b . . , 


1899 OAecca. 


KaneHOBCKiif, AiieKcaHAP'b Bacn^ibeBH^'b 1908 OAecca. 


KpaBqeHKO, OeAop-b Ky3bMH'iTi , . , 


1909 OAecca. 


KpeMenemriâ» MHxaHJit B'.'CHJibeBiwb . 


1903 OAecca. 


KpecHH'b, Hhko^3h BacKJibeBH4*b . 


1905 OAecca. 


120 KyôbiiiJKHH'b» BacMJiïfi HHKOJiaeBHm> 


1905 OAecca. 


Ky3bMMAH, K.ceHO(J)OHm> AjieKcaHApoBH«i% 


. 1901 c.n.B. 


KySHCUOE-b, BjïBAHMipli JljiaTOHOBHH'b . 


11109 OAecca. 


Ky.iHKOBCKiH, Thtt> OdinOBH4'b i , . 


1909 OAecca. 


KypôanoBCKÎft, B/iaAHMÎp'b HtiKOJiaeBiiH'b 


1893 5KHTOMip-b 


KypHCb, JllOÔOBb HB3HOBHa . . 


Î90J OAecca. 


KypMCb, I-lBani» MBaHOBtm'b „ . . , 


1904 U, Cêjio. 


KyccHCb, B^aAHMÏp-b OoKionosHm. . . 


1905 OAecca. 


KypTMAH, XpHCTCK})Qp"b ,UMHTpîeBHTb . 


1901 AHaHbeBt. 


KyTeHHHKos'b, Ceprfeâ HBaHOBHq'b , , 


1905 cn.B. 


130 KyxTa, nexp-b MBaHGBHq'b , 


1S97 ÔAeccai 


JlacKapes'b, BjiaAHMip'b ^MMipieBumï 


1893 OAecca. 


JleôeAWHCKÎfî, $Ikobt> HuKimicrb 


1902 OAecca. 


JleBaKOBCKÎH, R^aAHMÎp-b MBaHOBHH'b . 


1905 XapbKOB'b, 


JlCBeHCOH'bj BHKTOp'b AjICKCaHApOBH l l'b . 


1908 OAecca. 


JleB[UHHl3 3 JlbBOB-b JlbBOBHTb .... 


1905 MocKBa. 


JTe^Tep-b, Oe^opis BacH^beBHH'b , . . 


1908 OAecca. 


JhLBem> t Oocap'b naB^OBH^'b . . ( . f 


190G HoBopocculc, 


JlyKOMCKaa 3 B-fepa BjiaAHMÎpOBHa , . . 


1903 CeBacTonoAb 


JlyKOMCKiii, Ceprfefi CeprfceBMU'b . . , 


1903 CeBacronoAb 


140 JlwcâKOBCKiïi, Kapjn> OcHnOBHw-b t . . 


1907 OAecca, 





— 61 — 






VORhl 


MareHep-b, Aao^$i> BacH/ibeeiiq-b , 


1906 OAecca. 


MaKCHMÛBT> T ^e^Op-b MHXafîAOBHU'b , . 


1908 OAecca. 


MajibTe, neTpTs AjLeitcaHApoBHm> , ■ , 


1908 OAecca, 


Ma.l^HHCp'b, BjiSLjmtAip-b CeMeHOBMH'b , 


1896 OAecca. 


Manuetii», MuxaMJi'b AMHTpieBH'rb 


190s OAecca. 


MapKOBCKiïi, <£pHApHx-b KcaBepbeBHq-b. 


1909 Tupacnojib. 


MacjiOB r h, JleoHHAt. HuKO/iaeBH^'b . [ 


1906 OAecca. 


MaC^HHHHKOB-b, BJiaAHMÎpT* HBaHOBlWb, 


1894 OAecca. 


Max-b, S^yapA-b HBaHOBiwb 


1906 OAecca. 


150 Mep3JlHKOBTi, HMKOJiaft HHKO^aCBMH-b i 


1907 OAecca. 


MecjiHHKHHa! AjieKCâHApa HaaHOBHa , 


1904 Kyfi, 06a. 


MeCAfïHKHH'b, HKOB-b HBKOJiaeBHH'b . t 


1905 Ky6. Otji. 


MefteH P n,op4ï'b 6ap,, Mapia ^e^oposHa , 


1903 OAecca. 


MHpKOBKH^, TaTbflua MHxaâJioBHa . . 


îaoi c.n.n. 


MHxaiiJioB-b, naeejiij AiieiccaHApûBHH'b . 


1908 OAecca. 


MHuKeBHm», BaujiaBTi Ka3HMipoBH i i-b , 


1908 OAecca. 


MojmaiiOBi> t EBretriH 3>eAopoBHH*b . . 


1903 OAecca. 


Mo/maHosa, HHHa HeanoBua .... 


1910 OAecca. 


MoficeeB'b, MHxajwb HHKOJiaeBiwb . . 


1908 OAecca. 


170 MoHTaHpyiK'b, SpHecrb OrenaHOBHqb . 


1907 Pocr. Ha- A, 


MpoiKOBCKiii, tOjiiaH-b neTpoBHM-b , , 


1910 OAecca, 


MfeuiKOBCirift, B.iaAHMip'b rpKropbeBH 1 !^ 1908 OAecca. 


MHHOBCKaHj RHfHHa Ka3HMÎpOBHa - , . 


1908 KmuHHeB'b. 


HadoKHx-b, AjieivC^.H^pi HrHaTbeBHtni . 


1908 OAecca. 


HaBajioB-b. AjieKcaH^p-b ,fl,MHTpieBH i i'b . 


1904 OAecca. 


HaspouKift, Ajie.KCa.HAP'b FpHropbeBHq'b. 


1908 OAecca. 


HecrepeHKO, BjiaAHMipi* HBaHOBH*n> 


1910 OAecca. 


HHKcuieHKO, De^iarea liBaHOBua , , , 


1904 Ky6, 06*. 


HnK0^eiïKO, Ahh3 HeaHOBHa , * . , 


1905 Kyô. 06.i. 


180 HMKOJieHKO, HHKHTa 0OMH4T> . . . . 


1905 Kp6. 06a. 


HoeaKTî, E^HasBeia BoryMHJioBna . . 


1910 OAecca. 


HoBiiKOsa, A^eKcaifApa HHKOJiaeBna 


1902 OAecca, 


HOBHKOBT> t HKOBlï AjieKCaHApOBHH'b . . 


1890 OAecca, 


HûJlJie, KûHCTaHTHH'b BjiaAHMipOBH l ï , b . 


1908 OAecca, 


OBCHHHKO-Ky.lBKOBCKÎft, TpHrop. JlbBOB, 


1905 MepHOM,T, r, 


OKtiîa-OpxcexoBCKiH, Kap jn> JO^beBm'b, 


1909 OAecca. 


O/ÏHB'b, Cepr%H BHBiaHOBHTb , , 


1908 Kepub, 


OpaHOBCKift, HfiaHij HBaitoBH i i < b , , . 


1891 rypsyflrbKp. 


Qpmwh* BacHJiift AHApeeBHm> . , , . 


1903 OAecca. 


190 OKyjumT», Mapba B-rcaAHMipoBïîa , , t 


190G AKKepMaiiii. 


OcHnoBii, AjieKCaH^pT> A^eKcaH^poBMqi^ 1909 OAecca. 


OtenoBCKW, AACKcaHAp*b Iocm^obh 1 !^ 


1905 OAecca. 


Ila^ajiKa, AjtetccaHAp'b raBpiHJiOBiWb . - 


1909 Tn4)AMCb, 


flapaMOHOBiî, A*?ieKeaHAP'b KoHCTaHTHHOB. 1909 OAecca, 







— 62 — 

Flacre/ib, JleoHTÎH ^ejiMKcoBHqt , , 

nepCHUKlH, MapK-b BopHCOBHH-h , 

nerpoea, AjieKcaHApa raspiM^osna , 
HeTpOBCKÎiij MHxamrb BopHcQBHM*b 
ITleTpoKOKHHO, EKareptma KopH^eBHa 
200 riemaHCKiH, JïeouHA'b TpHropteBiiq-b 
IlonaHAonyjio. Muxaiurb rieTpOBH^-b 

n^HmHHCKÎftj CTaHHCJiaB-b KOHCTaUTHHOB 

norrenno^b, MHxamrb tOpbeBum. 
ITIorreHnojib, HHKO^afi BacHflbCBHH-b 

IlOKaTH^OB'b, Bjta^HMip-b HMKOJiaeBHq-b 

no^HK-b, EereHift FaBpiMJtOBHH'b , , 

IlOMne, MaKCb SMHJÏbCBHH'b . 

IloHOMapeHKo, EBreHiîi Eerpac^osHa 
IloHOHeBHbiH, MHxaHjnj neTpOBHH-b . 
2 lu rionoBCKift, HHKO^afi AjieKcaHApoBHq'b 

IloCOXOB'b, ÀH^peH IlBaHOBHmi r . 

nocBMCHeBT>, AHarojiiS HHKcuiaeBHi'b 
FïpyTHeHKo, HHKOJiaH MHxafljioBHq*b * 

PaÔKHOBU^-b, JlKOBTi JîeOHOBH4-b . p 

PaKy3a*CyiueBCKaa t À;ieKcaHApa NlHxafiJi 
PaTHep-b, riasejiiî BaciiJibeBH4i> , , . 
PaceByCKÎH, HHKOJiafi AAaMOBHH-b . . 
PHTxepi>, $oht>, HnKOJia8 CeprbeBtmii 
Poshakobtï, AjieKcfcii rieTpoBH i i-b 
220 PoroMHH-b, HBaHi> 4>eAOpOBHmi . ; 
PocTOBueBT>. rp,, Hkobt> HHKOJiaeBHHii 

POTCpT-b, ÛJIbra Cû^OMOHOBHa ■ 
POTCpT'b, BJiaAHCJlEBli A/UMb^OKH^'b 

PyAHHutciH, CrsLHHCJiaB'h MBaaoBHq'b 
Pycco, Peoprift reoprieBHq'b . , . . 



CaBeHKo, Hum MHxafijioaHa . , . . 
CaBHUKÎH, AjieKcaHAP"b HBanOBHH'b 
CaMopyno, lOpift tOpbesnq'b .... 
CatJmnoB'b, BjiaAHMÎp r b CaBBHTb 
230 CapaHAHHaKU, lOpift reoprîeBjiK-b . . 
CerHH-b, Dr Adalbcrt . . . . . , . 

CHAOpÊHKO, MHXaiiJTb HMIÏTpieBH^'b . 

CKpoijïriH, HBairb HBaHOBHtfb , . . 
CjiaBHHCKaH, JIhaîh- BjiaAHMipoBua , 
CjioHOBCKaji, A^eKcaHApa BnKTOpoBHa 
Cmhphhh'b. tAuxaujib itMUTpieBuq'b , 

CMHpHOB'b, KOHCTaHTHHl> MHXaHJlOBH l Tb 
CMHpHOB-b, ÀHApeii A^eKcbeBHHb 
CoKOJIOB'b, AJïeKCtîî ÏÏQBMmïïVb i « 



roAw 

1904 cn.B. 
190? OAecca, 
1910 EKaTepHHoc.fi, 
1890 OAecca. 

1900 OAecca, 

1901 EjiHcaBCTrp, 
1904 O^ecca. 
lï>08 OAecca. 

1906 cas. 

18110 cn.B. 
J 908 Oaecca. 

1906 OAecca. 
1909 O^ecca, 

1909 Xepcoin*. 

1904 Ky6. 06a. 

1910 OAecca, 
1896 OAecca. 

1902 cn.B, 

1903 cn.B. 

1890 Oacccf, 

1902 PoTenôypr-b, 

1908 OAecca, 

1905 OAecca, 

1903 BepxHCAHtnp. 
1899 OAecca, 

1891 EKaTepHHOc^. 

1904 cn.B. 

1904 O^ecca, 
190:t OAecca. 

1903 cn.B. 

1909 OAecca. 

1908 KiiajHiieïVb. 

1907 OAecca. 
iN99 OAecca. 
1899 OAecca. 

1909 OAerca. 
1909 MioHxetrb. 

1892 OAecca. 

1908 OAecca, 

1906 MocKBa. 
1*108 OAecca. 

1906 cn.B. 

1902 OAecca. 

1909 OAecca. 
1891 OAecca, 






— 63 — 






roflu 


240 CoicojiOBa, TaTbHHa IlBaHOBna * . . , 


1907 ÛAecca. 


CoMOB-b, HMKOJiaft CeprteBHTb .«...■ 


1902 ÛAecca. 


CxaMorjio, CaBBa Aphcthaobh41ï ( . . 


1908 O^ecca. 


CTeMÔOK'b, rpatjrb, fleTp-b MHxaflJiOBHq'b 


1903 c.n.B. 


CTeMÔOK^-^epMop-b, rp., Bjm&uM. Bac. 


1899 TpoHu. Ca<f>, 


CxenaHOBa, MapfaH HHKOJiaeBHa . , , 


1908 KHiuHneBi,. 


CthiJ ejib, 3MHJiifl HB8HOBiîa 


1896 MoTKBa* 


CjpaîKeCKO, ^MHTpiw Er0p0BH41> . . 


1896 ÛAecca. 


CTpaTieBCKaHj JîioôoBb ^aBH^oaHa , , 


1908 KHTUHHeB'b. 


CTpcraHosa, EBrenin HuKOJiaeBHa * . 


1902 ÛAecca, 


250 CTpyMCHCKÎH, KOHCTaHTHH-b EBreHÎCBH4l 


. 1900 ÛAecca, 


CyBopoB-b, HeaHi> EropOBH4-b ... 


1908 Ojecca. 


Crynno, HHKOJiafi riepHKJiOBiwb , . , 


1909 ÛAecca. 


CynnHHHmj, Tyron-b CeMeHOBim-b . . 


1903 ÛAecca. 


CyxHHo HHKOJiafl HMKOjiaeBHHii - . , 


1909 ÛAecca. 


CyiiiHOB'b, HsaHTi CTcnaHOBM^-b „ . . 


1901 ÛAecca, 


CuHraeBCKJH, CeMem* ^KOBACBaq-b . ] 


1906 ÛAecca. 


CbipOMHTHHKOB'b, ApTCMift HfiaHOBHmj 


I9ÛU ÛAecca, 


C-fe^osa, /Ihaîa riaBJiOBHa , 


1909 ÛAecca. 


TaH^MbeBi», VaBpiun'h H&;-.HOBittrb . . 


1904 ÛAecca, 


260 TapyTHHT> T KoHdaHTHH'b A^ieKcfeeBHH^, 


1902 ÛAecca. 


ThKTitBT^ Feoprîii HcaKOBH4h . . . , 


1906 ÛAecca. 


ThKTHHT>, MapK-b CaMOfljlOBHHTa * , . . 


1909 ÛAecca. 


TcacTofi, rp,, Mnxûwvb MuxattaOBum» . 


1890 ÛAecca. 


TûMHJtOBCKlfi, riCTp-h A.neKCaHJipOBHM'b ■ 


. 1908 ÛAecca. 


TpactoîHa, Ojibra AeMbsiHOBHa . , _ . 


1907 B-iyion. X. r. 


TpanaHH, AjieKCauApi» AjiexcaHApOBHTb. 


189U ÛAecca. 


TpanaHH, BjiaAHMipii AjieKCaiTApoBH4 F b , 


1907 ÛAecca. 


TpeMMejib, feopriii OcHnoBH4*b . . 


1 907 ÛAec. yta/n». 


TpyfieuKOH, KHH3b, naseau nerpoBim'b. 


1897 m, KpyTbte. 


270 TpyôeuKOH, kh,, Hhkojuih HHKOJiaeBHHt 


i 1891 MocKBâ, 


TpyoeuKoft, kh., AjieKcaHAP'b naejioBH4 , b 1908 ÛAecca, 


TiopMHi», HsaH-b HHKMTtm-b ..... 


I90j8 ÛAecca. 


ycTHtïtma, E^HsaBexa KoHCTaHrmiOBHa , 


1906 Ascrpifl* 


yuiaKOBiî, ÀHApefl AhTOH0BH4T> . 


1908 ÛAecca. 


ywVHÇKWi A/ieKcaHApa TpHropheBiia , 


1908 ÛAecca. 


yUJHHCKiH, HjiKO^afl 1 pHropbeBH^Ti , , 


1908 ÛAecca. 


yiIIKOBli, KûHCTaHTHHl> KaniiTOH0BH4T>. 


1900 MocKBa. 


OaôpHUKÎâ, TpHropin Ce^eK0BH4 F b . . - 


1908 ÛAecca. 


280 4 ) aJibH'b-<I ) eflH'b l Anaicwiifi AjieKcaHAp. - 


1908 ÛAecca. 


<Pa^bin>-<I>eflH'b > BopHC'b A^eïtcaHApOBim'b 1908 ÛAecca, 


<î>ejibAUJTeHHi>, OaA'bft OcHnoBM-b . , 


1903 Kepqb. 


tte^btiiTHHCKÎfi, BacHJïifi HBaHOBHm* , 


1908 ÛAecca. 


OHAeJibMaH"b, AjieKcaHAp'b nerpûBirn» . 


1907 ÛAecca. 


^pHApMxc-b, t^oHt, BHKTop-b AjI0fJ3te& 


1909 ÛAecca. 







- Gi 



*pHm>. 3MMa reHpMxoBtîa . . 
Oprnrfe, Kapomma FeHpnxOBna 



Toau 

190(1 OAecca. 
ID09 OAecca. 



XapHToeeHKo, Bbpa AiïApeeBHa . . . 1907 OAecca. 
XapTyjmpn, ÂHApefi ftKOBJieBjm-b , . 1906 OAecca. 
290 XuHKyjio&'b, MsaHis BacmibeBHini É . . 1908 KHLuwHeB-b. 
XM-bJieBCKirt, BHkeirrifl «tepAHwaHflOBHq-b 1908 BapuiaBj. 
XoMenKo, IlBan-b neTpOB*im> , É . . , 1908 OAecca, 



UHBMHHCttitî, HHKOJiaft MnTpO^aHOBIWb. 
UHMMepMâHTi, riasejn» AxHMOBHH-b . . 

UHMMepMaHi», Ceprfan Akhmobhtb . . 

MCHHOBT>, MaKCHM-b BaCHJlbeBBTb , . 

MepenaxEH-b, naBejii» BacH^bCBiiq-b 
MepencHHHKOB-b, KonctaHTHH'b HsaHOB, 
MepKaccb, H3a6ejiJia HrnaTbeBHa k . 
300 MepHïïBCKiil, MnaH'b «freAopoBHH-b . . . 
MexoBHq-b, riaflejn» CeMeHOBiwb , 
Muxa i ieB < b r 4>eAOp'b TljiaTOKOBH4ii , . . 

LUanoBajiOBa, Ano/uioHÏH neTpOBHa É . 
UlanoBa/iCHKO, EMejibHH'b HBaHOBMm> m 
LUanoniHHKOBa, AiiTCmmia HioinicîeBHa ♦ 
lUaparb, HuKOJiafi HHKOJiaeBim-b . , 
lllepâanii, A^eKcaHiip'b 4>eAopôBH<rb 
UUinynoBa, Anna HHKOJiaeBHa . . . 
UJmhatt^ HeTp-b rieTpOBHH'b , , , m 
310 UipeTepTi, HHKOJiaii HHKo/iaeBH4'b . 

UlTBaH"b t Bjia^HMipi> MBâHOBIiq-b . . 

UlTanejibfiepPh, 3Hwan^a HnKGJiaeBHa 
LUTefiKre^b (6ap.) t MaKCHM'b BacHJibes 
UJTy/ibiœpu/b, EBreHuï B.naAHMipoBHH'b 

LliyÔHH'b, MHXaHJÏt JlbBOBHH'b .... 

LUyjibivb, Bbpa EBrenieBHa .... 
UJyjibm?, SAyapAi» 3Ayap^0BMH'b : É 
lUypOBcidfi, B-ia^HMip-b AnApeeBHirb . 

SjibBaHrep'b, EsreHifl HHKOJiaeBHa . . 
320 S/ibBaHrepip, Omnisr XpHcriaHOBHa . . 

Spady, KOHCTaHTHHb HHKO^aeBHHTs . . 
3CMOHTOB F b, BHKTOp'b HjlbHH'b . ♦ \ „ 

lOpicOBCKift, .BjiaAMMip-b HwKOJiaeBHH'b « 
lOiuKeBHHis EjieHa flKOBJieBHa , . , . 



1906 OAecca. 
1^08 OAecca. 
1910 OAecca. 

1905 Cyx.-Kajie, 
1909 OAecca. 
1909 OAecca. 

1906 OAecca, 
1S1I9 Poct. im-R. 
1891 OAecca. 

1908 Opauiiin. 

îyOj OAecca* 

1909 OAecca. 

1908 OAecca. 

1909 OAecca. 

1905 KHLLIHHeBTïp 

1907 MocKBa. 

1906 KHCJIOBOACK-b 

1904 OAecca. 
1909 OAecca. 

1905 OAecca, 

1904 KieBt» 

1908 O^ecca. 

1906 Mpr. (T. 06.) 
1901 OAecca. 
1908 XepcoHT>, 

1905 MocKaa. 

1906 OAecca. 
1908 OAecca. 
1908 HanaAûBo. 
1906 OpeHÔyprb. 

1908 OAecca. 
1904 OAecca. 



Hô^oqKOB-b, TeopriH AjieKC'feeBim'b , . 1903 OAecca, 

HBopcniii, MBaHia JlaBpoBHm? 1902 OAecca. 

HjiOBHKOB'b, EBreHifl Hekhik 1 !^ . , . 1901 OAecca. 

fiuonyno, 3MMaïïyH^T> yMMaHyH^oBHm> * 1906 OAecca. 



- 65 - 




l [jerihi'Coiiti>!ftHium: 




ÂHiuejierb, IocH(j)-b HcaaKOBMM-b 


1908 OAecca. 


Eop3aKOBi>, BiiaAHMip'b ÂJieKcaH£poBi^n> ■ 


1907 Ojtecca. 


BacHiibes-b, nerpi* HHKOJiseBuq'b , . . . 


1007 OA^cca, 


BacHJibeB^b, BjiaAHMip-b HHKOJiaesHqb , , 


1909 OAecca, 


XtBoerjiaaoBa, AjieiccaHApa KoHCTaHTHHOBHa 


. 1909 O^ecca, 


/lenôcKifl, Ceprbft MnxaiïjiOBHïrb 


1907 O^ecca. 


flyKaprb* S^yapA'b HKOB^eBHH> 


1909 O/tecca. 


SHiLbéepMaH-b, HHKO^afl rpHropbeBHq-b . , 


1903 OAecca. 


Hsio, BtiTa^ÎH HKKOJiaeBHq-b 


1908 O^aecca, 


KaqaHioK-b, Maan-b EtfJHMOBHq-b 


1909 Ôaecca. 


KaqypHH-b, CeprM MHxaiMOBHTb 


1908 CUecca, 


IvHpMKCHKO^ A^eKCfefl HHKOJiaCBHH'b , . , , 


190S O^ecca. 


KoBuiapoB-b, Bajiepiain> B^aAHMÎpOBHLï-b . . 


1908'O/têcc&. 


KopHMaH-b, HBatrb EBreHbeBHq-b 


1908 CUecca. 


JloHrpe, HMKO^aû MHTpG^aHOBHq-b , „ . 


1906 OAecca. 


JlopaH-bp HHKCwiaH EBreHbeBtm'b . . . , . 


1909 O^ecca. 


M^jibCKÎfl, H^OB-b ÀpKaA^eBim-b . . . . 


1909 O^ecca. 


MoKp^et^KiH, CHriiSMyHA^ AjieKcaHApoBim' 


b 1899 CnM(J)epon. 


HaKOne^HbiH, AjieKCfefi EMejibHHOBHH-b . , , 


1908 O^ccca. 


OpJiOBCKÎfi, BjiaAHMip-b B^aAHMipoBMq-b . . 


1908 O^ecca, 


OpJlOBCKift, HHKGJtaft BjiaAMMÎpOBK41i . # 


I9Q8 Oaecca, 


nanna^aro, Jlaypa JIbBOBHa 


> 1908 O^ecca* 


nexpoBi^ lleTpij reoprieBHH*b 


. 1909 O^ecca. 


fleTpoB'b, Ceprfcfi reoprieBHH'b , . . # 


, 1909 O^ecca. 


FloTomciâ, CTenaHt BacujibeB*m-b . , , . 


, 1905 Bo;irpaAT> 


FlHKejibj AnaTO/iifi AHTOHOBHqii - . , . 


1908 O^ecca. 


PasMaHCKÎiî, B^aAHMip'b HHKO^aeBH4T> . . , 


1908 ÛAecca, 


PycaHOBij, Eerenifl KoncTaHTHBGBHm* . , 


1908 O^ecca. 


Paro^HH'b, AjieKcanAP'b A/ieKCan^pOBHmi , 


1902 O^ecca. 


CajioMOH"b, Ahhcîs A^o^b^oBHa . , . . 


. liiOS O^ecca. 


CKpOUKifi, JleOHHA*b HBaHOBHqt . . , - . 


1909 Oaecca. 


CoKO^OBt^ BaCK/ïÎH HBaHOBHH'b , . . . 


. 1907 O^ecca. 


*pojioB'b > B/iaAHMip'b CeprfceBHTb , . . . 


1906 OAeeca, 


XwfcjieBCKaff, Pajuma BHKeHTbeBHa P . , 


1903 Bapmaea. 


UuMMepMaHif, AnTOHMiia TpHropbeBHa . É 


. 1908OAecca. 


icjih, BjiaAHMip'b reoprieBHHi> , , « * 

* 


, 1909OAecca, 

• 





Bt> TeneHie HHaapa, c^eBpajia h MapTa 1910 i\ bt> 6h- 

6/rioTeKy KpbiMCKo-KaBKascKaro TopHaro Kjiyfia nocry- 

mi/iH c/rfetfyiomie >KypHaJibi h KHiirn: 



PoeeiH. 

1) SanHCKH HMnepaTopcKaro PyccKaro TexHH^ecioiro 06* 
mecTBa, t. XLIII, WM II — 12, 1900 r.; t. XUV, MM 1, 2, 
1910 r. 

2) ypMbCKift TexiiHKib, M 11, !fltf9 i\; M 1—2, la 10 r. 

3) 3anwcKH HMnepaTopcKaro OômecTaa CcjibCKaro Xo- 
anHcTBa IOwHOfi Poccîh, MM 9, 10, 11, 12, 1909 r\J Ne 1 — 2, 
1910 r. 

4) 3anHCKH EKaTepHHOCJiaBCKaro OxA'bJiemH HMnepaTop- 
cKaro PyccKaro TexHunecicaro OôiqecTBa, MM 11—12, 1909 r.; 
N* 3—4, 1910 r. 

5) Ites'hcTiH HMnepaTopcKaro PyccKaro reorpa<j)HHecKaro 
OôinecTBa, t. XLV. Ban, X, 1909 r, 

6) HsBtCTia KaBKa3CEcaro My3Cfl, î. IV, Bbin. \. 

7) HepHOMopcKoe GejibCKoe XoshActbo WbJSTs 11 — 12, 1909 r»; 
Ne 1, 1910 r, 

8) 3annCKH YpajibCKaro 06mecTBa JifôGHTejieîi cctcctbo- 
3HaHia, T, XXIX, 1909 r. 

9) Mae-fecTifl MocKOBCKaro Ce^bcicoxo3SîHCTBeHHaro Hhcth- 
Tyra; KHHra 4* 1909 r. 

10) HsB-fecTiH TaepfmccKoA ynenoS apxHBnoft kommmcïh, 
Jtf 44, 1910 r, 

1 1) Bbi^iHXHH'b, À. „TpyAbi KOMHTeTa BHHorpaAapcTBa" 
Bun. I/II, III (1898—1907 r-). 

12] TeHKe/ib „MaTepiajibi K*b 4)mon;iaHKTûHy KacniâcKarc 

MOpfl*, 

13) MapKOBHqi», B. w PoJib rnrpoMeTpÎH B*b ghxb M-fecxnaro 
npe^CKaaaHiïi noroAtf*. 

14) OopMaKOBCKIH, C. Jî'h BOnpOCy O SaKOHOAaxeJIbHOfcTb 

peryjmpoBaHiH CHHAHKatoB'b « TpecTOBiA 

15) Gxqex-b o coctohhIh Mockobcketo CejibCKoxo3HH* 
CTBeHHaro HHCTHTyTa, sa 1908 r* 

16) /XpesHAH rpysiH* T. I (boat> pe^. E. TaKauiuBHJiH), 
1909 r. 



N 



— 67 — 

17) rpy3MHCKÎH apeBHocTH, T. II (no/rt> pefl. E. Taicaâ- 
uibhjih), 1909 r. • 

18) na^eorpa(J)HqecKi8 ajibôoM-b. (npiuioac. kt> II t. Tpy3HH. 
ApeBHOcreâ; tct. I). 

ABCTpo-BeHrpifl. 

19) Planinski Vestnik. Stev. 2, 3, 4. 1910, 

20) Mitteilungen des Deuischen und Oesterreichischen Al- 
penvereins JSTs 24 1909; M> 1, 2, 3, 4 5, 6, 1910. 

21) Erdély, K2W2 3, 4, 5,6, 9, 10,11, 12,1909; éyf. XVIII. 

22) Fôldrajzi Kôzlemények, Livr. 3—4, 1909. 

23) Oestefreiehische Alpenzeitung, J\SN° 801, 802, 803, 
11)10. 

AMepHKa. 

24 United States Geological Survey : 

a) Water-Supply Paper Mtâ 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 234, 
235 242 1909. 

b) Bulletin N0.N0 360, 370, 374, 375, 377, 379, 380, 382, 383, 
384,385, 387.388,389,392,393,394,399,401, 402, 403. Washing- 
ton, 1909. 

c) Professional Paper JSfs 64, 66, 67. Washington, 1909. 

25) Proceedings of the Àcademy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadèlphia. Vol. LXI Part II; 1909. 

26) Bulletin of the American Geographical Society. V. LXI, 
Ko 12, 1909; Vol. XLH, M 1, 2. 

27) Bulletin of the Chicago-Academy of Sciences. Vol. III, 
jsjo 1 2 1909. 

*28) Natural History Survey. Part, I, M 7, 1909. 

29) Transactions of the Ifisconsin Academy of Sciences, 
Arts and Letters. Vol. XVI. Parti, M> 1, 2, 3, 4,1908. Vol. XVI, 
Part I, N° 5, 6, 1909. 

Bojirapifl. 

30) BwapcKH TypHcrb. Tofl. VIII; Bp. 5—6, 7—8, 1909. 

repMSHlH. 

31) Leopoldina, XXV Heft, Jahrgang 1909. 

HTanifl. 

32) Bollettino délia Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini. Ne 6, 
1909. 

33) Alpi Giulie. .Nb 1, 2, 1910 

34) Rivista del Club Alpinn Italiano, .Nb 12, 1909; N° 1,1910. 

35) Bollettino délia societâ geografica Italiana. Série IV. 
Vol. X; No 1, 2, 3, 4, 1910. 



— 68 - 

36) Rendiconto dell' Accademia délie science fîsiche e ma- 
tematiche. Série III, Vol XV, M 3, 4, 5, 6, An. 1909. 

37) In Alto*. An. 1910. 

38) Viaggio di esplorazione nei Monti del Karakoram. Vol. 
XXIX, JMfi 1, An. 1910. 

HcnaHifl. 

39) Boletin de la Real Sociedad Gfiografïca. Tomo VI,,Nb 1, 
1909; Tomo LI, Sumario de 1909 

40) Bulleti del Centre Excursionista de Catalunya. Any 
XIX, M 179; 1909; Any XX, JV2 180— 181; 1910. 

41) Bulleti del Ceutre Excursionista de la C amarra de 
Bages. Any Y, JNTs 36, 190U. 

nopTyrajilH. 

42) Rivista Portugueza, JE 149. 150, An. 1910. 

<X>paHn,iH. 

43) La Montagne, M 1, 2, 3, 1910. 

44) Spelunca, Société de spéléologie. T. VII, JSfe 58, 1909. 

45) Bulletin Pyrénéen, M 83, 1909; M 4, 8."), 1910. 

46) Bulletin de la Société de géographie commerciale de 
Bordeaux, M 12, 1909, M 1, 2, 1910. 

47) Revue des Alpes Dauphinoises, N2 3, 4, 5, 6, 1909. 

48) Bulletin et mémoires de la Société de spéléologie, M 57, 
1909. 

49) Union géographique du Nord de la France, 2-e et 3-e 
trimestr.. 1909. 

50) Revue Alpine, N» 3, 1910. 

51) Bulletin de lo ^Société de géographie commerciale du 
Havre, 3-e, 4-e trim., 1909. 

52) Album «Manufacture française d'Armes et Cycles". 

53) Revue Montagnarde, Ne 16, 1909. 

IHBefln;apiH. 

54) Alpina, N«> 2, 3. 5, 6, 19*0. 

Bulletin de la Société botaniqne de Genève. Vol I, M 9; 

1909. Vol. II, M 1-3; 1910. 

56) L'Echo des Alpes, J6 12, 1909; N2 1, 2, 3; 1910. 



BULLETIN 

du Club Alpin de Crimée 

et du Caucase. 




HpbiMCKO-HaBKa3CKaro 
TopHaro Knyôa 



OflECCA 

1910. 



OflECCA. 
Thh. n. Hune, ya. KoHApaTemco, (6ubiu. IIojihil) M 30. 

1910. 



i' : 



/ 



coa€p;k;\jo€. 



î . .* A ' A - c «n">™** OnpejitflHTeflb jiHCTBeHHbixi mxobt, rop H aro Kpuua 

.1 (OKOHMHie) . 135-175 

; 3 30 Be P c ™> bt. CBaHeTiH h Kaôapjrë .... • • • • * 



-<$> - 



A. A. CantrHHi). 



OnpeAt/ime/ib /incTBeHHbixi> mxobi» 
ropHaro Kpuivia. 



©npeflijiuTeJib u onucawie BUflOBfc, 



(Okoh natiie). 

Funariaceae* 
31. Funaria Schreb. 

Greôejib c-b ueHTpajibHUM'b nymcoM-b h HapyaŒOH KOpoS. 
KoJinaMeK-b B3AyTbiû h 6auuibiKOo6pa3HbiH. FtepHCTOM-b abohhoh: 
Hapy)KHbifl H3i> 1 6 y3KOJiaHueTHbix-b, BBepxy coeAHHeHribix-b 3y6- 
UObt>; BHyTpeHHifi Ha Hce^TOBaToô 6a3a^bHOH nepenomek. Kopo- 
ôoqxa KoeorpymeBHAHaH, comyTaH KjrkTKH jiHcra pbixjibin, 
4 - G-yrojibHbiH, TOHKOcrkHHbifl h iyiaAKia, oko;io 20 y<. 

1. BepxyuiKa JiHcra BOJiocKOBHAHaa, Kopoôomca nnaAKaa. 

F. dentata. 

— BepxyuiKa JiHCTa uiHpoKo- h Tyno3aocTpeHHaH, Kopo- 
ôo^Ka 6opo3AHaTaH F. hygrometrica. 

1. F. dentata Crome. Phxjihh 6ypoBaT03e;ieHbiH AepHOBHH- 

KH, OKOJIO Va CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH UIHpOKÎe, IipOAOJirOBaTbie, 

BbiTHHyTbie bt> BO^ocoK'b, ct> KpynHO-3y6qaTbiM-b KpaeM-b; HŒJuca 
3aKaHqHBaeTCH Aa/ieico orb BepxyuiKH. HoacKa 1 — l/ a cm. ajih- 
hok); KopoôoMKa cjierKa CKJTOHeHHaa, KpacHOBaTOôypoBaTaa, 
rjia^KaH. B-b Tpemmiax-b, cfcB. ckjioht> HaTbipAara. 

2. F. hygrometrica (L.) Sibth. HoBo;ibHO pbixjibia 3ejieHbia 

AepHOBHHKH, OKOJIO Va CM. BbICOTOiO. JlHCTbH COÔpaHbl BT> nOM- 



-" 136 - 
ky, afiueBHflHO- hjih uiHpoKo-OBajibHbie, KOpOTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, 

CTb U^JIbHHMTb HJIH 3y6qaTbIMT> KpaeMT> H nOHTH nOJIHOÔ HCHJIKOÔ. 

HoxcKa 3—6 cm. ajihhoio; KOpoôonKa 6. hjih m. CKJiOHeHHan hjih 
noBHcaiomaH, HcejiTOBaTO-6ypaa, 6opo3flqaTaH. Ha Cbipofi 3eM- 

Jl-fe, p-fe^KO. 

Bryaceae. 

32. Webera Hedw. (Pohlia). 

Gre6ejib c-b ueHTpajibHbiM-b nyqKOM-b. nepHCTOM-b aboh- 

HOH; BHyTpeHHiÔ CT> p^CHHUaMH. KjI-feTKH JIHCTa y3KÎH, CHJIbHO- 

BbiTHHyTbiH, rjia^KiH. 

1. ZlepHOBHHKH rojiy6oBaT03ejieHHH; kji%tkh jiHCTa h bhh- 
3y 6. q. jiHHeflHbiH. W. cruda. 

— JlepHOBHHKH rpH3HOBaTO-3ejieHbïH; KJTbTKH JIHCTa BHH3y 

KOpOTKÎH, noqTH poMÔHqecKiH W. nutans. 

1. W. cruda (L.) Bruch. floBOJibHO phxjihh rojiyÔOBaTO- 

3ejieHbIH, ÔJieCTHIuiî! AepHOBHHKH, £0 4 CM. BblCOTOK). JlHCTbH 

uiHpoKO-OBajibHbie, OBajibHO-jiaHueTHbie, hjih jiaHueTHbie, 3a- 
ocrpeHHbie, ct> OTTonbipeHHO-3y6qaTbiMi> KpaeM-b h Henojmoâ 

HCHJIKOÔ. KjltTKH JIHCTa y3KÎH, nOHTH JIHHCHHblH, H3BHTbIH. HOHC- 

Ka 2 — 3 cm. ajihhoio; KOpoôoqKa 6. hjih m. HaKJiOHeHHan, OBajib- 
Haa, «ejiTOBaTO- hjih KpacHo6ypan, ci> kopotkoh uiefiKOH. Ha 

3eMJI% H BT> TpeiUHHaX-b, Ha HHJiaX-b AOBOJIbHO qaCTO, BT> 6yK- 

jrfec. oqeHb p-fe^KO. 

W. nutans (Schreb.) Hedw. AoBOJibHO ruiorabia h phxjihh 

rpH3HOBaTO-3CJieHbIH AepHOBHHKH, £0 3 — 4 CM. BblCOTOK). 

JlHCTbH uiHpOKO- hjih y3K0-JiaHueTHbie, 3aocrpeHHbie, Cb 3y6qa- 
TbiM-b KpaeM-b; acHJiKa nojiHan hjih noqTH nojmafl. KjrfeTKH jih- 

CTa CHJIbHO-BbITHHyTbIH, BHH3y KOpOTKJH, noqTH pOMÔHqeCKÎH. 

HoacKa 2 — 4 cm. #jihhoio; KopoôoqKa HaKJiOHeHHaa hjih iiobh- 
caiomaa, McejiTOBaTO- hjih KpacH0BaT0-6ypaa, npoaojiroBaTaa hjih 
oôpaTHO-HHueBHAHO-npOAOJiroBaTan, ct> kopotkoh uieflKOH. Ha 
CbipoS 3eMjrfe, y KH3biJiTaina h Myqejin. 

33. Mniobryum (Schimp. exp.) Limpr. 

M. albicans (Wahl.) Limpr. Phxjihh 6jrfe,nHO-rojiy6oBaTO- 
3ejieH0BaTHH a^phobhhkh, #o 3 cm. bhcotoio. JlHCTbH H3i> cjierKa 
HH36-feraiomaro ocHOBama OBajibHbie hjih npo^oJiroBaTbie, ko- 
poTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, 3y6qaTbie; >KHJiKa 3aKaHqHBaeTca AajieKO 



— 137 — 

ott> BepxyiiiKH JiHcra. KjrfeTKH ero 6-yrojibHO poMônnecKin, okojio 
18 ;j.., puxjihh, kt> Kpaio yace, a y ocHOBamn iiohth npHMO- 
yrojibHbiH h KpynH-fee. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieHT>. y pyqbeB-b h poa- 

HHKOB-b, p-feflKO. 

34. Bryum Dill. 
CTeÔJin ct> ueHTpajibHbiM-b nyqKOM-b. ftepHCTOM-b abohhoh; 

BHyTpeHHÎfi CT> BnOJlH-fe pa3BHTHMH p-feCHHIjaMH. JlHCTbH OKaÔM- 

jieHHwe, oôbiKHOBeHHO c-b BbiCTynaiomeH hchjikoh h npbAOJiro- 

BaTblMH pOMÔHqeCKH— 6-yrO^bHWMH KJrfeTKaMH. 

1. BepxyuiKa jinera CTeKJiOBHflHan . . . . B. argenteum. 

— JIhctt> 3ejieHbifi . . 2. 

2. JlHcrb BHH3y HHKOr^a He 6biBaeTi> KpacHOBaTbiM-b; hchji- 
Ka He nojman hjih He BbicrynaiomaH; Kpaâ jmcra OKaâMJieH-b 
oneHb cjiaôo; jihctt> CHJibHO BorHyTbifl; no CbipbiM'b M-fecTaM-b . 

B. gemmiparum. 

— JlHCT-b bi> caMOM-b HH3y nypnypOBHfi hjih KpacHOBa- 
thô . . 3. 

3. JlHCTbH HH36-kraiomie (no KpaÔHeft M-fep-fe HHHcme) 4. 

— JlHCTbH He HH36-kraiomie 8. 

4. lOrfeTKH jmcTa ct> HMoqKaMH . 6. 

5. JlHCTbH (Bcfc) aajieKO-HHSÔ-feraiomie; Kopo6omca corHy- 
Tan B. pallens. 

— JlHCTbH TOJIbKO BHH3y CTeÔJIH H KOpOTKO HH36'feraK>mie; 

KopoôoHKa npaBHJibHan B. turbinatum. 

6. JlHCTbH ajihhho- h TOHKo-3aocTpeHHbie . B. cuspidatum. 

— JlHCTbH KOpOTKO- H IHHpOKO-3aOCTpeHHbie ... 7. 

7. KjrfeTKH BBepxy jiHCTa 16 — 20 \><. uihphhoio; JlHCTbH ao 
4 Va mm. ajihhoio; bt> hh^chch nojiOBHH-fe jkhjikh ôpiOHiiiux-b 
K^-feTOK-b 3 — 4, a cnHHHbix-b 10— 12; cnopH 14--20 \><. B. pseudo- 

triquetrum. 

— KjrfeTKH BBepxy JIHCTa 14—18 i*. uihphhoio; JlHCTbH ao 
37i mm. ajihhok); ÔpiouiHbix'b kji%tokt> 3, a cnHHHbix-b 8 — 10; 
cnopu 10—14 ;/. . . . B. bimum. 

8. KjrfeTKH JIHCTa CTb HMOHKaMH . . 9. 

— KjrfeTKH JIHCTa 6e3T> HMOHeKTb 11. 

9. JÏHCTbH He AJiHH-fee 2 mm.; cnopbi 22 — 40 \k B. jailae. 

— JIhctbh okojio 3 mm. ajihhoio; cnopbi 14 — 21 \k . 10. 

10. UlHnHK-b 6. hjih m. 3y6naTbiH ..... B. cirratum. 
* — UlHnHK-b coBepuiCHiio rjiaAKift B. pallescens. 



— 138 — 

11. Kpafi JiHda pt3K0 (2 — 5-phaho) OKaâMjieHHbifi . 12. 

— Kpafi jiHCTa Hep^KO (l-pn/mo) OKaÔMJieHHHfi . . 14. 

12. JlHCTbH bt> cyxoM-b coctohhw npHMO-npHJieraiomie; 
LUHnHK-b He opaH>KeBbiH . . . B. inclinatum. 

— JlHCTbH bt> cyxoM-b coctohhîh cnHpajibHO BOKpyrb CTe- 
6jih CBepHyTbie; iuHnHK-b oÔbiKHOBeHHO opaHaceBbiH ... 13. 

13. Mxh o6oenojibie B. torquescens. 

— Mxh AByaoMHbie $ capillare. 

14. JlHCTbH He AJiHH-fee 1,5 mm., o6paTHO-HHueBHflHbie, c-b 
njiocKHM-b KpaeM-b h hhtcbhahoh BepxyuiKOH . B, eleg ns. 

— JlHCTbH OÔbIKHOBeHHO 2—3 Iîim. £JIHHOK) H CT> 6. HJIH 

m. 3aBOpoqeHHbiM'b KpaeM-b, hjih hhoh (J)opMH ...... 15. 

15. JlHCTbH bt> cyxoM-b cocTOHHiH cnHpajibHO BOKpyrb cre- 
6ji9l CBepHyTbie, oôbiKHOBeHHO c-b HHTeBHAHofl BepxyuiKofi h He- 
nojiHofi hchjikoh B. capillare. 

— JÏHCTbH npHMO-npHJieraiomie, 6e3T> hhtcbhahoh Bep- 

XyUIKH, Cb AJIHHHHM-b IIIHnHKOMT> .16. 

16. >KHjiKa 3y6naTaH B. badium. 

— )KHJiKa r^a^Ka» B. caespiticium. 

1. B. jailae Sapjehin. TycTbiH 3e;ieHbiH acphobhhkh, ao 1 
cm. BbicoTOio. JlncTbH OBajibHo-3aocTpeHHbie, He HH36-feraiomie, 
BorHyrae, c-b 3aBopoHeHHbiMi> h ivfejibHHM-b KpaeM-b, OKaâMJieH- 
Hbie 3 — 4-pH^HO, y ocHOBamn TeMHO-nypnypoBbie, 1,8—2 mm. 
#jihhok) .h 0,8 mm. uiHpHHOio; acnjiKa CHjibHan, BwerynaiomaH 
bi> BH^t A^iHHHaro 3y6qaTaro HiHnHKa. KjrfeTKH JiHera 10—18^. 

UIHpHHOK), pOMÔOH^aJlbHHH, Cb HMOHKaMH, BHH3y npHMOyrOJIb- 

hwh, bt> yiviax-b KBaApaTHbiH. Hoaoca 0,7 — 1 cm. ajihhoio; ko- 
poÔoqKa BHCHHaa, okojio 2 mm. ajihhoio, OBajibHan hjih uiapo- 
BHAHO-OBajibHan; nepenoHKa BHyTpeHHHro nepHCTOMa npHKJieeHa 
K-b HapyacHOMy; cnopbi 22 — 40 \>.. Ha noHB-fe (Ha aca;rk), Typ- 
3y4)CKaa nfljia. 

2. B. inclinatum (Sw.) Br. eur. IljioTHbiH 3ejieHHH AepHO- 
bhhkh, ao 1 cm. bhcotok). JlncTbH He HH36-feraiomie, npoAOJiro- 
BaTO-JiaHijeTHbie, c-b 3— 5-ph#ho oKafiMJieHHbiM-b, ^OBepxy 3aBO- 
poneHHbiM'b h HHor^a BBepxy cjienca 3y6qaTbiMT> KpaeM-b, BHH3y 
KpacHbie; HŒJiKa BbiCTynaerb bt> BHA'b uiHnHKa. KjrfeTKH Jinera 
15—20 ij.., poMÔOH^a^bHbiH, 6e3i> HMO^eK-b, BHH3y no^TH npn- 
MoyrojibHbiH, ao 30 y«. Bt> TpemHHax-b, AjibMHHCKan Ao;iHHa. 

3. B. argenteum. L. rijioTHbin cepeôpHCTbin acphobhhkh, ao 



- 139 - 
t cm. bmcotoeo. JThctbh h6 HHaô-feraiomie, BûruyTbre, HHneBHA- 

HMC, SaOCTpeeiTMe, BBCpxy CTeKJIÛBH£HbIC, Ch IvfcjlbHbîM'b, njio- 

LKiiMb h ne OKaftMJieHHbiM'b KpaeM-b; ttcnm<a aaKaHqHBâexcfl Aa- 
nem orb BepxytuKH .aHCTa. K^tkh ero gko/io 13 ^, 6, hjih 
m. poM6oHAa,fibHbin ( y ocHOBaHÎH hquth KBaApanfHH. B*b KpbiMy 
crêpaient. Ha 3eMjrfc h bt> TpemHnax-b, Ha nii^ax-b oôbiKHO 

BCHHO, Bl> OCTaJlbHOM'b OqeHb p-feAKO. 

var. lanatum Br. eur. >KHJiKa BbiCTynaïomajL TypaytJKK. 
aftjia. 

4* B, bimum Schreb, AosojibHO ruio-nibiH o^H3KOBo-ac,iein-m 
^epHOBHHKH, ao 2 cm. bhcotoio, JliîCTbH H3îi noJiyoôiïeMjnomaro 
rtca HH36tratomaro ocHOBanifl oBajibHbie, kopotko saocïpeH- 
irue, c-bHaBepxy 3y6MaxHM'b ï 3aBopotieHHbiM'b î 3— ti-pa^Ho OKaim- 
-ienHyMi> KpaeMT>, y ocHosaHijï Kpacnne; >KH^Ka nojitiaH iuih 
(Haute) BHCTynaiomaH b^ BHA'fc ayôqaTaro muniiKa; 3 Gpioiii- 
nux'b KjrfeTKH, 8 — 10 cnnHHbixT> h npoi. KjrfeTKH /niera pom6h- 
^cckisîj 14—18 |*. h Bii 2—3 pa3a AJUinH-fee, KHH3y iiohth npïi- 
MOyro^hHbisi m KpynH-be, B*b KpHMy cTepHjieH-b. Ha MOKpofl 
aewjrfe, ôyu. h coch. Ji. f pt^qa finie. 

5, B.cuspïdatum Schimp. fUoTHbia 3ejienbia ^epiioBHHKH, 
qkqjiq 1 cm, BbicOTOïo. JlMCTbH HHBÔ-traïQiiue» H3-b afiqeBHAHaro 
ocnoBaHÎH A/iHHHO-JiaHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, y ocHOBatmi KpacHbie, 

Cb Ut^bHbïM-b, aaBOpOHeHHbïM-b H 2— ;>pfl£HO ÔKaflM^eHHblM-b 

KpaeM-b; MMiiKa BbiCTynaiotiiasL K/rfcTKH jwcra okgjig 15 t*., poM* 
DutiecKÎsi, KHH3y nomu npflMoyro^bHbiH h H-fccicojibKO KpyrrH-fee. 
}Khjik3 2—3 cm. ^jimïïok); KOpoôo^Ka 6. hjih m, Biiomaa, y3KO- 
oBajibRan, Sypaa, ci» aob, ajihhhoh meïïKOH; ayôabi uinpoKo 
oKafwjieHHbie; crtopbi 9—16 p.* Ha xksA h B-b TpemHHax-b, bt> 

6yK» A. ÂQB, OÔbIKH., B"b OCT3JIbH, p^AKO. 

ti, B, torquescens Bn eur. Roxotteb Ha B. capillare var 

QTb KOT. OTJlHqaeTCH» rJiaBH. OÔp + , OÔOenOJIUMH CTCtfo. JlHCTbH 

yAJiHueHHo-oôpaTHOflSueBHAHbie ch 2 — 3-phahom, ace/rrofi hjih 
opanaœBOH KaftMofi, iuiockhm?* KpaeM-b h KpaCHodypOH jkhjikoh. 

K^I-feTKIi .IHCTa pOMÔHHeCKÎH, 16 — 20 \k u BHHBy nOHTH npHMo- 

yrcMbHbisi h Kpynwte* meTHHKa 2—3 cm* mhhoio; KopofioHKa 
BHCfluaa, HHTCHCHBHO-KpacHaîï, CHJibHD-BbiT5iHyTaH; cnopbr 10 — 
14 p. Ha IOhch. 6. aob. oÔyKFiOBermo, bt» npoBa^bflX'b y Aft- 
HerpH p-bA^aîltuc. 

7. B. cirratum H, et H* OjiOTHbifl rpHSHoeaTO-se^eHbiH A^p- 






— 140 - 

HOBHHKH, OKOJIO 1 CM. BHCOTOK). JlHCTbfl He HH3Ô'feraK)mie, H3T> 

HHueBH^Haro ocHOBama AJiHHHO-jiaHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, c-b Ha- 
Bepxy cjierKa 3yÔHaTbiM-b, 3aBOpOHeHHbiM-b h 4 — 7-paAHO oicafiM- 
jieHHbiM-b KpaeM-b, BHH3y KpacHbie; HŒJiKa BbiCTynaerb bi> BH^-fc 
ejie- hjih CH^bHO-3y6qaTaro uiHnHKa. KjrkTKH jiHcra pOMÔHHeariH, 
12—16 îi.., ci> HMOHKaMH, BHH3y noHTH npHMoyrojibHbm h Kpyn- 
H-fee, a bt> yrjiax-b noqra KBaApaTHHH h ao 35 \><. Co cnoporo- 
HaMH bt> KpMMy BCTptqaeTCH var. longicollum Podp., ct> 

CHJIbHO CTHHyTOÔ nOAT> yCTbeM-b KOpOÔOMKOH. B03MOECHO, 

hto Bce 3to— ocoôaH KpbiMCKan paca. Ha 3eMjrfe, bt> BepxHHx-b 
qacTHX-b rop-b, qpe3BbmafiHO p-feAKO. 

8. B. pallescens Schleich. njioTHbia HcejiTOBaT03ejieHbiH 

AepHOBHHKH, £0 2 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH He HH3Ô-feraK)mie, H3T> 

HÔueBHAHaro ocHOBamn #™HHO-jiaHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, ct> u-fejib- 
HbiM-b hjih c/ia6o-3y6qaTbiM'b, 3aBopo4eHHbiMT> h 3 — 5-paAHO 
OKaflMJieHHbiM-b KpaeM-b, BHH3y KpacHbie; HCHJiKa bt> bba^ rjiaA- 
Karo uiHnHKa. KjrfeTKH Jincra 14 — 18 y., pOMÔHqecKia, Cb HMoq- 
KaMH, KHH3y iiohth npHMoyrojibHbin h KpynHte. HoHCKa ly 2 — 3 

CM. BbICOTOK); KOpOÔOHKa 6. HJIH M. nOBHCaiOmafl, HteJITOBaTO- 

ôypoBaTan, npoAOJiroBaTO-rpyiueBHAHaH-, cnopbi 14 — 18 y. y 
Beui-b-TeKHe (MopAB. HHJia). 

9. B. gemmiparum De Not. .UoBOJibHO njiOTHbia 6ypoBaTo- 

3eJieHbIH A^pHOBHHKH, AO 1 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH He Hh36-fera- 

iomie, OBajibHbie, Tyno-3aocTpeHHbie, chju>ho BorHyTbie, ct> u-fejib- 

HblM-b, 3aBOpOHeHHbIMT> H ejie OKaHMJieHHblM-b KpaeM-b, BHH3y 

He ôbiBaioT-b KpacHbiMH; xcH/uca nojiHaa hjih (qame) HenojmaH. 

KjI-feTKH JIHCTa 10—15 [A., pOMÔHqeCKÎH, CT> HMO^KaMH, KHH3y 

KpynH-fee, y ocHOBamn nonra KBaApaTHbin h ao 30 ^. Bt> KpbiMy 
CTepHJienb. Ha MOKpux-b KaMHax-b, YqaHcy h JTfccHHHecTBO, 

10. Br. capillare L. AoBOJibHO njiOTHbin rpH3HOBaTO- hjih 
qHCTO-3e;ieHbiH acphobhhkh, ao 3 cm. BbicoTOK). JlHCTbH bt> cy- 
xoM-b coctohhIh cnnpajibHO BOKpyr-b CTeôjia 3aBepHyTbie, He 
HH36-kraiomie, npOAOJiroBaTO-oôpaTHOHHijeBHAHbie, cpa3y bh- 
THHyTbie B-b HHTeBHAHyio BepxyuiKy, BHH3y KpacHbie, Cb u-fejib- 

HbIMT> HJIH CJia60-3y6 l iaTbIM-b, OTOrHyTUM-b H 1 — 2-pHAHO OKaHM- 

jieHHHM-b KpaeM-b; acHJiKa oôbiKHOBeHHO HenojiHan, HHorAa bm- 
CTynaiomaH. Kji-feTKH JIHCTa pbixjibin, poM6oHAajibHbia, okojio 
30 p.., 6e3T> HMoqeK-b, KHH3y npHMoyrojibHbin. Hoaoca 2 — 4 cm. 

AJ1HHOK); KOpOÔOHKa 6* HJIH M. nOBHCaiOmaH, CHJIbHO BbITHHy- 



- 141 - 

Tan, HcejrroBaTO- hjih KpacHOBaTO-ôypaa; cnopw 12 — 18 \k JXsy- 
AOMemb. Ha pa3JiHHHbixT> cy6cTpaTaxi>, bi> 6yK. ji. oôwKHOBeH- 
ho, Ha K)hch. 6. qpe3BbmaâHO p^ako, bt> ocTajibH. aoboju>ho 

p-feflKO. 

var. flaccidum Br. eur. Bi> yrjiax-b BepxHHxi> jiHCTb- 

eBTb- nyHKH BWBOAKOBWX-b HHTefl. TjiaBH. OÔp., nO CblpOBaTMM'b 

M%CTaMi>, oneHb ptAKO. 

var. macrocarpum Hûben. JlHCTbH iiiHpoKO KpacHOBaTO 
OKafiMjieHHbie, ct> KpacHOBa*ro6ypoâ Bwcrynaiomeâ hchjikoh. IOhch. 

6., AOBOJIbHO OÔbIKHOBeHHO. 

var. méridionale Schimp. noxoarb Ha Br. torquescens. 
JlHCTbH 6ypoBaT03ejieHbie, ct> 3aBopoqeHHbiMT> KpaeM-b h bw- 
CTynaiomeS xchjikoS. KopoÔoqKa c-b ajihhhoS uiefiKoâ, 6ypoBaTO- 
KpacHan. K)xch. 6., p-feAnafime. 

11. B. elegans N. v. E. var. intermedium Sapjehin. 

FIjIOTHWH, H-fe)KHbIH 3CJieHWH A^pHOBHHKH, AO 5 CM. BbICOTOK). 

JlHCTbH He HH36traïomie, o6paTHO-flfiueBHAHwe, BbiTHHyTbie bt> 

HHTeBHAHyK) BepxyUIKy, Cb U-bjIbHWMT>, nJIOCKHMT> H 1-pHAHO 

OKafiMJieHHbiMi» KpaeM-b, y ocHOBama KpacHOBaTbie, ao \ x i % mm. 
AJihhoio; HŒJiKa Henojraan hjih pacnjiWBaiomaHCH B-b BepxyniK-b. 

KjrfeTKH JIHCTa pblXJIWH, KOpOTKO-pOMÔOHAaJIbHblH, 20 — 25 (A., 

KHH3y npHMoyro^bHHH. fleMepflîKH h Iorpacjrb. 

12. B. badium Bruch. floBOJibHO pbixjiwn HcejrroBaTO- hjih 
6ypoBaT03e;ieHbiH acphobhhkh, ao 1 cm. bwcotoio. JIhctî>h H3i> 
ciierKa-HH36'feraK)maro HflueBHAHaro ocHOBama jiaHijeTHwe, c-b 

U'fejIbHWM'b HJIH CJiaÔO-3y6 l iaTbIM'b, 3aBOpOHeHHbIMT> H 1-pHAHO 

OKaâMjieHHbiM-b KpaeM-b, BHH3y KpacHbie; HCHjnca BwcTynaerb bt> 
BHA'b AJiHHHaro 6ypoBaTaro vjin acejiTOBaTaro cjia6o3y6naTaro 

UIHnHKa. KjrbTKH JIHCTa pOMÔHHeCKifl, 14 — 20 Ji.., KHH3y nOHTH 

npHMoyro^bHWH. Hoauca 2 — 3 cm. aahhoio; KopoôoqKa BHCflqaa, 
OBaJibHaa hjih oôpaTHOHÔueBHAHaH, TeMHO-KpacHOÔypan; cnopbi 
cjiafio-TOHeHHbiH. ^By^OMeH-b. B-b jrfecax-b, p^ako. 

13. B. caespiticium L. OTJiHqaeTca ott> npeAbiAymaro, 
niaBH. o6pa30MT>, cjrfeA.: njiOTHWH acphobhhw; KaftMa He p%3- 
Kan, MCHJuca rjiaAKaa; KOpoôonKa npoAOJiroBaTan hjih ho^ith uh- 
jiHHApHHecKan, HcejrroBaToôypaH; cnopw rjiaAKin. B-b Tpemn- 
Haxi>, jrfcca, oqeHb p-fe^KO. 

14. B. pallens Sw. Pwxjiwh 6ypo3ejieHbia acphobhhkh, ao 
2 cm, bhçotok). JlHÇTbH AaJiÇKO H^Ô-feraiomie, o6paTHO-HHi;e- 



— 142 - 

BHflHO-npoflOJiroBaTbie, ct> u-bjibHbiM-b hjih ejie- syôqaraM-b, khh- 
3y OTBOpoqeHHbiMT> h 2— 3-pHAHO 6ypoBaTO-OKaHMjieHHbiMT> Kpa- 
eM-b; HCHJiKa nojmaH hjih (name) BbiCTynaiomaH. Kji-feTKH jiHCTa 

OKOJIO 20 [*., pOMÔHHeCKiîI, KHH3y npHMOyrO^bHblH. HO)KKa 

1 — 3 cm. ajihhoio; KOpoÔOMKa 6. hjih m. noHHKaiomaH, npcuoji- 
roBaTO-rpyuieBHAHaa, corayTan, ct> oneHb ajihhhoh uieflKOH, 
ÔypOBaToxcejiTan; cnopbi 16 — 25 (/. flByAOMeH-b. Ha CHpoâ 3eM- 
jrfe, Ha AjibM-fe h y Myqejia. 

15. B. turbinatum (Hedw.) Schwàgr. Aobojibho ruiorabia 
rpH3HOBaTO- hjih 6ypo3ejieHbiH acphobhhkh, ao 3 cm. bhcotoio. 
JlHCTbH BHH3y ctc6jih cjierKa HH36-feraiomie HHueBHAHO-3aocrpeH- 
HHe, Bbiuie He HH36-kraiomie, H3-L afiueBHAHaro ocHOBama jiaH- 
ueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, BHH3y KpacHHe, cb ivkjibHHM-b hjih cjiaôo- 

3y6HaTWM-b, BHH3y OTBOpOHeHHblM'b H 2— 3-pHAHO OKaHMJieH- 

HbiM-b KpaeM-b; acHJiKa BbiCTynaiomaa, bt> BH^-fe rjiaAKaro iiihiih- 
Ka. KjitTKH JiHda okojio 20 y., poMÔHqecKÎH, KHH3y KpynH-fee 
h nomH npHMoyrojibHHH. }KnjiKa 2--4 cm. ajihhoio; KopoôoHKa 
BHcnqan, rpyuieBHAHaa, ôypOBaTaa, no;vb ycrbeM-b CHJibHO cth- 
HyTaa; cnopbi 14 — '20 jx. ^By^OMeH-b. Ha MOKpofl 3eMjrfe, bt> 
BepxH. nojiOBHH-fe rop-b, p-fe^aHine. 

16. B. pseudotriquetrum Schwàgr. JoBOJibHO nJiOTHbia rpH3- 

HO- HJIH 6ypOBaT03eJieHbIH AepHOBHHKH, £ 5 CM. BbICOTOK). 

JlHCTba HH36-feraK)mie, OBajibHbie h KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, BHH3y 
KpacHbie, c-b HaBepxy 3y6qaTbiMT>, 3aBOpoqeHHbiM-b h 3 — 5-p*m- 

HO HCeJITOBaTO-OKaHMJieHHblM-b KpaeMl>; HCHJIKa OÔblKHOBCHHO B*b 

BHA'b 3y6qaTaro uiHnHKa. Kji-fcTKH jiHCTa 16 — 20 p., pOMÔHqe- 
ckîh, Cb HMOHKaMH, BHHsy no^TH npHMoyrojibHbia h KpynH-fee. 
HoacKa 2 — 5 cm. ajihhoio; Kopoôomca 6. hjih m. noBHcaiomaH, 
KpacHOÔypan, BbiTHHyTaa; cnopbi 14 — 20 n. flByAOMeH-b. y po- 

AHHKOB'b, BT> 6yK. JTfecaX-b AOBOJIbHO OÔblKHOBCHHO, BT> COCH. JI. 

p-feAnaâuie. 

35. Rhodobryum (Schimp.) Hamp. 

Rh. roseum (Weis.) Limpr. Pbixjibin najibMOo6pa3Hbia #ep- 

HOBHHKH, £0 2 l / t CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH BHH3y CTeÔJIH OqeHb 

MajieHbKie h qeinyiiqaTbie, a BBepxy ero 6 — 8 mm. ajihhoio, 
oôpaTHO-HHueBHAHbie, KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, cb 3y6qaTbiM-b 
KpaeM-b; HCHJiKa Henojmaa h (qacro) nojmaH. KjrfeTKH jmcTa 
pwxjibiH, 25 30 [^., 6-yrojibH. poMÔHqecKia. CnoporoHbi HHOraa 
no 2—3 uiTyKH Ha oahomt> creôjrfe. Ha 3eMjrfe, 6yK. ji., oqeHb 
p-feAKO. 



- 143 — 

36. Mnium <Dill.) L. 
Greôejib ct> ueHTpajibHHM-b nyqKOMT>. nepHCTOM-b aboh- 

HOH, ptCHHUbl 6e3T> npH^aTKOBTb. KjrfeTKH JIHCTa OÔbIKHOBeHHO 

BBepxy H30AiaMeTpHqHUH; KaflMa oôbiKHOBeHHO h3t> tojicto- 

CT-feHHblX-b KJI'feïOK'b. 

1. JIhctt> 3y6qaTbi& h He oKaflMJieHHbifi . . . M. stellare. 

— JlHCTb OKaÔM^eHHblH 2. 

2. KaflMa u'fejibHOKpafiHHH ....... M. punctatum. 

— KaflMa 3y6naTaH . .3. 

3. >KHJiKa Ha HHHCHefi (cnHHHofi) CTopoH-fe BBepxy 3yÔMa- 
Tan 4. 

— >KHJiKa Ha cnHHK-fe rjiaaKaa .6. 

4. >KHJiKa BbiCTynaioiuaH; kji^tkh c-b HMOMKaMH. M. spinosum. 

— >KHJiKa He BbiCTynaioii;a5i; KjrfeTKH 6e3T> hmohckt* . 5. 

5. >KHJiKa nojiHaa; crfeHKH KJrfeTOK-b CHjibHO yTOjimeHHbia 
h cjiaôo-KOJiJieHXHMHbia M. orthorhynchum. 

)KHJiKa He nojiHaa; KjrfeTKH cjiaôo-TOJiCTOcrfeHHbiH h He 
KOjuieHXHMHbiH M. hornum. 

6. KaflMa BBepxy ABypaaHO 3 ygqaTafl ... M. serratum. 

— KaflMa OAHopHAH03y6qaTaa 7. 

7. JlHcrb 3aKpyr^eHHbifl, c-b nynbiuieqKOBH^Hofl Bepxyui- 
Kofi; KjrfeTKH ero 6e3T> HMoqeK-b 8. 

— JIhctt> uiHpoKo-3aocTpeHHbifl; KjrfeTKH ero c-b HMoqKa- 
mh 9. 

8. JIhctt> ocTpo3y6qaTbjfi, a3HKOBHAHbifl . M. undulatum. 

— JlHcrb Tyno3y6qaTbifl, OKpyrjiuô h ct> p-fe3KO cyaceH- 
HbiM-b ocHOBaHieM-b M. rostratum. 

9. 3y6uH JiHCTa H3i> 2—4 KjrfeTOK-b; KjrfeTKH ero noqra 
He KOJijieHXHMHbiH M. affine. 

— 3y6ubi JiHcra h3t> 1 — 2 KjrfeTOK-b; KjrfeTKH ero 3aM-feTHO 

KOJIJieHXHMHblH 10. 

10. KjrfeTKH CHJIbHO KOJUieHXHMHblH, MeJlKÎH (20 — 2ô JA.) . 

M. cuspidatum. 

— KjrfeTKH cjiaôoKOJiJieHXHMHbifl, KpynHbiH (25 — 45 \i.) . 

M. médium. 
1. M. hornum L. JloBOJibHO njiOTHbia TeMH03ejieHbia AepHO- 

BHHKH flO 5 CM. BHCOTOK). JlHCTbH 5 7 mm. AJ1HHOK), nOHTH 

hjih coBepuieHHO He HH36-feraiomie, 6. hjih m. yAJiHHeHHO-oBajib- 
Hjje, 3aocTpeHHue, ct> KpacHoôypofl h 2-paAHO 3y6qaTOfl Kafl* 



— 144 — 

Mofl; HCHJiKa He nojiHaa, Ha cnHHK-fe 3y6qaTaa. lOrfeTKH JiHCTa 
OKpyr^o-MHoroyro^bHbiH, He KOjmeHXHMHMH h 6e3i> HMoqeicb, 
20—28 \j. 9 BHH3y yA^iHHeHHHH. Et> KpHMy crepHJieH-b. y poa- 
HHKa, B03Jit K.-y3eHb6aina. 

2. M. orthorhynchum Brid. floBOJibHO hjiothhh TeMH03e;ie- 

HblH ACpHOBHHKH, AO 5 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH K0p0TK0-HH3Ôt- 

raiomie, npoAOJirOBaTbie hjih OBajibHbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ci> Kpac- 
hoh h 2-pHAHO 3y6qaTOH KaÔMoâ; HCHJiKa Ha cnHHKt 3y6qaTaa, 
nojiHan. KjitTKH jincra okojio 20 p., OKpyrjio-MHoroyrojibHWH, 

CHJIbHO yTO^meHHMH H 6e3T> HMOHeKT*, BHH3y npHMOyrOJIbHHH. 

Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. y poAHHKa, K.-y3eHb6aun>XflHJra. 

3. M. serratum Schrad. Pbixjibin CB-feTJio- hjih 6ypoBaT03e- 

JieHblfl AepHOBHHKH, AO 3 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH ASJieKO HH36%- 

raiomie npoAOJiroBaTbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> acejiTOBaToâ hjih 

KpaCHOBaTOH 2-pHAHO 3yÔHaTOH KaHMOH; )KHJIKa Ha cnHHK-fe 

rJiaAKan, nonra nojiHan hjih nojman. KjrfeTKH jiHCTa okojio 25 [/.., 

OKpyiVIblH, KOJIJieHXHMHblH, 6e3T> HMOHeK-b, BHH3y npHMOyrOJIbHHH. 

Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. Ho cbipbiM-b M-bcraM-b, BBepxy, p-feAKO. 

4. M. spinosum (Voit.) Schwàgr. Pbixjibin TeMH03ejieHbin Aep- 
HOBHHKH, ao 5 cm. BbicoToio. JlHCTbH HH36traK)mie, oôpaTHo- 
HHueBHAHO-npOAOJiroBaTbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> KpaCHOBaTOH 2- 
Phaho 3y6qaTOH KaHMofi; )KHjiKa Ha cnHHK'b 3y6qaTan. KjitTKH 

JlHCTa OKOJIO 25 [i.., 6. HJIH M. OKpyrJIblH, CTb TOJICTbIMH H HMHa- 

thmh crfeHKaMH. B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b Ha 3eMjrfe, p-feA^aHuie, 

BCIOAy, KpOMt K))KH. 6. 

5. M undulatum L. Pmxjihh HHorAa ApeBOo6pa3Hbin Aep- 

HOBHHbl, BT> HtCK. CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH HH3Ô%rai0mie, npO- 

AO^roBaTO-5i3biKOBHAHbie (ao 1 cm. a-khhok)), 3aKpyrjieHHbie, CT> 
nynbiuieqKOo6pa3HOH ocrpoô BepxyuiKOH h 1-pHAHO 3y6*iaToâ 

KaHMOH; HŒJIKa nOJIHaH, K^-feTKH JIHCTa TOJICTOCTtHHHH, KOJIJieH- 
XHMHblH, Cb HMO^KaMH. CnOpOHOCHTb OHCHb p^AKO. rJiaBHHMT> 

o6p. no CbipoBaTbiM-b M-fecTaMT>, BBepxy oneHb oôbiKHOBeHHO, 
HH»ce p%ako, Ha K)>KH. 6. H-feT-b. 

6. M. rostratum Schrad. Pb T xjibin TeMH03ejieHbin AepHo- 

BHHKH, AO 3 — 4 CM, A«^HHOK). JlHCTbH KOpOTKO-HH36-feraK)mie, 
OÔpaTHO-HHUeBHAHbie, Cb CHJIbHO Cy}KeHHbIM-b OCHOBaHieMT>, 

OKpyrjibie, ct> nynbiuieqKOo6pa3Hofl BepxyuiKOH h 1-pHAHO Ty- 
no-3y6qaTOH KaHMofi; HŒJiKa nojmaH. KjrbTKH jiHCTa okojio 25 i*., 

Cb TOJICTbIMH, He HM^aTblMH CTtHKaMH, KOJIJieHXHMHblH. CHOpO- 



— 145 - 

HOCHT-b p-fcflKO. Bt> BepxHeô nojiOBHH-fe rop-fe, no CbipbIMT> M-fe- 

CTaMT>, AOBOJIbHO OÔbIKHOBeHHO. 

7. M. cuspidatum (L,) Hedw. floBOJibHO pbxjibin 3ejieHbin 
AepHOBHHKH, ao 3 cm. BbicoTOio. JlHCTbH HH36-fcraiomie, OÔpaTHO- 
HfiueBH^Hbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> 1-phaho 3y6qaTOH KafiMoS; aŒjiKa 
nojiHan hjih noqTH nojiHan. KjrbTKH jmcra okojio 20 n«, cb toji- 

CTblMH H HMHaTblMH CrbHKaMH, KOJIJieHXHMHblH. CnOpOHOCHTT> 

p-fe^KO. no cbipoBaTbiM-b M-fecTaM-b, bt* Bepxneâ nojiOBHH-b rop-b, 

AOBOJIbHO p^AKO. 

8. M. médium Br. eur. Phxjihh CB-bTJi03ejieHbiH AepHOBHHKH, 

OKOJIO 5 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH HH36-feraiOmie, HIHpOKO-OBaJIb- 

Hbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> 1-phaho 3y6naTOH KaflMoâ; tkujiksl noji- 
Han hjih He nojman. KjrbTKH jiHCTa y icpaa 25 p., a kt> cpeAHH-b 

H HH3y AO 45 [A., 5— 6-yrO^bHbIH, Cb HMOHKaMH H HCHO KOJIJieH- 
XHMHblH. B-b KpbIMy CTepHJieHT>. y pOAHHKa, KOKK03-bXHHJia» 

9. M. affine Bland. Phxjihh 3ejieHbin AepHOBHHbi, B-b H-fe- 

CKOJIbKO CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH nOHTH HJIH BnOJIH-fe He HH36-feraK)' 

mie, oôpaTHO-HHijeBHAHbie, Cb TynoBaTofl hjih KopoTKO-3aocrpeH- 

HOfi BepxyiUKOH H 1-pHAHO 3y6naTOH KaÔMOH, 3yÔUbI KOTOp. 

H3i> 2—4 KjrbTOicb; HCHJiKa nojiHan hjih He nojmaH. KjrbTKH jih- 
CTa y Kpan ao 25 p., a kt> cpeAHH'b ao 35, cb HMOHKaMH, ho 
noqTH hjih Bnojnrfe He KOJiJieHXHMHbin, 5 6-yrojibHbiH. Bt> Kpw- 
My He cnopoHOCHT-b. Flo cbipbiM-b M-beraM-b, 6yK. h Ay6. jl, ao- 

BOJIbHO p^AKO. 

10. M. stellare Reich. floBOJibHO pwxjibin 3ejieHbin AepHO- 

BHHKH, AO 5 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH KOpOTKO-HH36-feraK)mie, 

OBajibHbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, c-b He OKaâMjieHHbiM-b 1-pnAHO 3y6qa- 
TbiMT> KpaeM-b; acnjiKa 3aKaHHHBaeTCH AajieKO ott> BepxyuiKH 
jinera. KjrbTKH ero okojio 25 p., OKpyrjio-MHOroyrojibHbin, koji- 

JieHXHMHWH, 6e3T> HMOHeK-b. CnOpOHOCHTl> OHeHb p-feAKO. Ho Cbl- 
pbIMT> M^CTaM-b, OÔbIKHOBeHHO, Ha IOflCH. 6. H'brb. 

11. M. punctatum (L.) Hedw. Phxjihh 3ejieHbin acphobhhkh 
ao 4 cm. BbicoTOio. JlHCTbH He Hnsôtraiomie, H3-b cnjibHO cy- 
xceHHaro ocHOBaHin nonra Kpyrjine, c-b nynbiHjeHKO-o6pa3HOH 
BepxyuiKOâ h ivbjibHofi KpacHOBaTOH KafiMOH, ao 1 cm. ajihhok); 
MCHJiKa nojiHan hjih He nojman, 3aKaHHHBaiomaHCH HHorAa côoxy 
BepxyuiKH. Kji-feTKH jiHCTa y Kpan ao 25 i*., a kt> cpeAHH'b 50, 
KOJuieHXHMHWH h 6e3i> HMoqeK-b. CnopoHOCHT-b p-feAKO. no Cbl- 
pwM'b M-fecTaMi», Ha HHJiaxT> aob. oôbiKHOBeHHO, bt> 6yK. h Ay6. 
n. p-feAKO. 



— 146 — 

flulacomniaceae. 

37. Aulacomnium Schwâgr. 

Au. androgynum (L.) Schwâgr. IljioTHbiH AepHOBHHKH, 1—5 

CM. BblCOTOK). JlHCTbH BHH3y CTeÔJIH HHUeBHAHO-JiaHUCTHbie, a 

Bbiiue h3t> OBajibHaro ocHOBamn jiHreflHO-jiaHueTHbie, ao 3 mm. 

AJIHHOK), CT> H3rpbI3aHHO-3y6HaTOH BepxyuiKOH H He IIOJIHOH 

HCHJucofi; cpeAHHHwe ynasaTe^H, rpynna conpOBOAHTe;iefi, 2 CTe- 

peH^HHX-b nyHKa, pa3BHTbIH HapyHCHblH KJrbTKH, KjI-feTKH JIHCTa 

12 i*„ KpymbiH, CHJibHO yTOJimeHHbia, ôopoAaBHaTbia. MacTbi 
nceBAonoAÎH. KopoôonKa 6opo3AHaTaH, OBajibHan, cjierica rop- 
6aTan. FIphboahtch Leveillé a^h fljrrbi. 

Çartramiaceae 

38. Plagiopus Brid. (Bartramia). 

P. Oederi (Gunn.) Limpr. floBOJibHO njiOTHbia 6ypoBaTO- 
3e;ieHbiH acphobhhkh, ao 5 cm. BbicoTOK). Creôejib TperpaH- 

HblH, Cb CTCKJIOBHAHOH Hapy>KHOH KOpOH H HeHCHblMT* UCH- 
Tpa^bHbIMT> nyHKOM-b. JlHCTbH OÔblKHOBeHHO H3orHyTbie, H3T> 

OBajibHaro ocHOBamn jiaHuerabie, 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> OTBoponeH- 
HbiM-b ao cpeAHHbi h 2-phaho BBepxy 3y6qaTbiMT> KpaeM-b; tkuji- 
Ka nojiHan, Ha cnHHK-fe 3y6qaTaa. KjrfeTKH AHcra okojio 10 y*., 

TOJlCTOCT-feHHblfl, KBaApaTHblH H KOpOTKO-npHMOyrOJIbHblH, KHH3y 

KpynHte h AflHHH-be. Hoaoca 1 — 1»/, cm. ajihhok); KopoôoHKa 
caenca CKJiOHeHHaa, iiohth mapoBHAHan, cjiaôo-ropôaTaa, 6y- 
paa, cjierKa 6opo3AHaTaH; nepHCTOM-b abohhoh, 6e3T> p-bcHHivb; 
cnopbi oôbiKHOBeHHO noHKOo6pa3HbiH. Bt> TpemHHaxi», cèb. ck;i. 
MaTwpAara. 

39. Bartramia Hedw. 

B. pomiformis (L.) Hedw. ^OBOjibHO njioTHbia HcejrroBaTO- 
hjih (name) rojiy6oBaT03ejieHbiH acphobhhkh ao 5 cm. ajihhoio. 
Oreôejib MHOrorpaHHbifl, Cb ueHTpajibHHM-b nymcoM-b h mcjiko- 

KJI'feTHOH HapyJKHOH KOpOH. JlHCTbH BT> CyXOMT> COCTOHHiH nOHTH 

KypnaBbie, h3t> npoAOJiroBaTaro ocHOBamn y3KO-jiaHueTHbie ct> 
ao cpeAHHbi OTBopoqeHHbiM-b h BBepxy 2-phaho syôqaTHM'b 
KpaeM-b-, HŒjiKa nojiHaa hjih (qame) BbiCTynaiomaH, Ha cnHHK-fe 
3y6qaTHH. Kji^tkh jiHCTa okojio 10 [*., He CHJibHO ymnmeH- 



— 147 — 



HUH, KBa^paTHfelfî, COCOHKOBblH, BHH3y CHJlbHO BUTHHyTHH. Ho>K- 
Ka 1 — 2 CM* AJIHHOK); KOpOÔOHKa 6, MJIH M HaK^OHeiïHafl, 0OHTM 

tuapOBHAHaîi, rop6axaîi r dopos^aïaH, ôypan; nepHCTOWb aboh- 
ho h. Ha 3€MJrfc m B-b TpeiMHHax'b, Ha ÀioAarh. 

40. Philonotis Rrid. 

Ph, fontana (LJ Brid. ,0,ôBo;ibHo ptix^un rojiyôoBaToaeaeHbtH 
AepHOBHHbi, nacTO ao 10 — 20 cm, bhcotojo, qacTû ci> MyraB- 

HaTO^paSB'bTBJieHHWMH CTeÔJISÎMM. JlHCTbH H3*b AHueBiiAHaro 

ocHoeaHifl KopOTKO-jiâHueTHo-saocTpeHHbïe, syÔnaTbie no BcCMy 
Kpaio; MHJiKa nonnan h/ih BbicTynaK>ma«; KjrfexKa jmcTa ynm- 
HennonpïïMoyrojibHbiH, 7—8 ^., cocotiKOBO-6opOAâBHaTfcifl, KHH3y 
tuHpe h Kopoqe. Hoauca 3 — 7 cm, ajihhoio; KGpo6omca ckjiohch- 
mn f HiiueBHAHo-iijapoBiiAHaH, ropôaTaHj ôoposA^aTasi, nepn- 

CTOM'b ABOÔHOâ, Cl> p'feCHHUaMH. ITIpHBOAHTCH naJUiaCOMT*. 

Timiqiacçae 

4L Tîmmia Hedw, 

1. JlHCTbH asepxy ctcôjih cpa3y ropa3At> KpyriH-fee; nodtrw 
po3eTKoo6pa3HHe. . . . p . . T. rosacea. 

- JlKCTbs BBepxy h BHHay CTeGjm hohth OAtmaKOBbie. 

T. bavarica. 

L T. bavarica HessL van salisburgensis (Hopp.) Lindb. 
iloBOJibno rmoTHbm aejieHbia acphobhhkh, ao 6 cm. bhcotoio, 

JlHCTbH BT> CyXOMT* COCTOflHÎH ÎKeClKÎe, HO^TH KypnaBbie, 6—8 

mm. ajihhoio, M3Ti CTeô^eod-beMJiïoiuaro KejiToeaTaro ocHOBama 
y3K0^aimeTHbic t TpyÔnaTbie, ayôyaTbie; aoiJiKa noJiHan. KjitTKH 
jutera 7 8 [*,, noHTH KBaApaTHbiH, cgcohkobmh, BHHay cpaay 

CJWlbHO yflJIHHeHHNH. HOKKa 2 — 4 CM» AJÏHHOIOï KOpodûMKa 6, 

bjim m, nOHHKaioman, oBajibwafl, 6ypoBaTaa, cnadoGoposAHaTafl; 

nepHCTOM-b ABOHHOÎÎ, CT> pfeCHHliaMH, CHaÔHteHHHMH Hpil^aTKaMH. 

Bis TpemnHaxi*, BBepxy, o^ieHb p%AKo, 

var. intermedia Sapjehin. OTJiHHaeTCst cjitA.t pbixjibiïi 

AÊpHOBHHH; JIHCTbfl MflrKÎe, 06blKHOB€HHO C*b HepaCUlHpeHHbTMl> 

ocuOBaHieMii; kjAtkm hxt> 8—12 j*. Bi> Eyayjiyirb-xoGa. 

2- T. rosacea Sapjehin, Puxjibifl xeMH03e/ieHbifl a^Phobhh- 

KIÏ, AO t CM. BbICOTOlO, JlHCTbH BHH3y CTeÔJIJl 4 — 5 H1Ï11. 11 

BBCpxy cpaay 7 — 8 mm, h3t> iio'ith cymemiarû oçao&amn npo- 



— 148 — 

AOJiroBaTO-y3KO-JiaHueTHwe, He TpyÔnaTbie, xoth h BorHyTbie, 
3y6qaTHe; acHjnca nojraaa. K;rbTKH jmcTa 4 — 6-yrojibHbia, co- 

COHKOBblH, 8—14 [X., BHH3y Cpa3y CHJIbHO BbITHHyTbIH. ClIOpO- 

tohw h nojiOBbie opraHH HeH3B-fecTHbi. Bt> nem. Iorpatjrb. 
Weberaceae (Buxbaumiaceae). 

42. Diphyscium (Ehrh.) Mohr. 

D. sessile (Schmid.) Lindb. (D. foliosum Mohr.). Hh- 

3eHbKÎ5ï, OKOJIO V, CM. BbICOTOK), ACpHOBHHKH. HHHCHÎe JlHCTbH 

H3HKOBHAHbie, Cb OKpyrjioâ BepxyuiKOH h HenOJIHOH 2KHJIKOÔ; 
Hx-b kji^tkh TOJiCTOcrfeHHbiH, OKpyivio — 4 — 6-yrOJIbHbIH, 10 — 
14 n. % 6opoAaBqaTO-cocoHKOBbiH, BBepxy 2 — 3-c;iOHHbiH; BepxHie 
jiHCTbH c-b AaJieKO BbidynaiomeH hœjikoh h 3aocTpeHHbie, a 

KJI-feTKH HXT> pblXJIbIH. Bl* KpbIMy CTepHJieH-b. Ha nOHB'fe Ha KaM- 

H-fe, ym. AByHAbi. 

Polytrichaceae- 

43. Catharinea Ehrh. (Atrichum). 

C. undulata (L.) W. et M. Pbixjibia TeMHOsejieHbia AepHo- 

BHHKH, AO 5 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH npOAOJirOBaTO-JiaHUeTHbie, 

AO 6-8 mm. ajwhoio, nonepeqHO-BOJiHHcrbie, Ha HHHCHeô cto- 

pOH-fe Cb KOCO-pa3CTaBJieHHbIMH 3yÔHHKaMH, CO CJierKd OKaÔM- 

jieHHHM-b 2-pH^HO 3y6qaTbiM-b KpaeMi>; HŒJuca Ha cnHHK-fe 3y6- 
qaTaa, a Ha BepxHefl cropoH-fe Hecerb 4—8 3ejieHbix-b njiacTH- 

HOK-b, Ka^K^aH H3-b 2 — 5 CJIOeB-b K^-feTOK-b. KjrbTKH JIHCTa TOJI- 

crocrkHHbiH, ' 18 — 25 p-., OKpyrjio — 6-yrojibHbia, BHH3y npnMo- 
yrojibHbiH. Ho)KKa 2-4 cm. aahhok); KopoôoHKa HaK.noHeHHan, 
KpacHOÔypan, UHjiHHApHHecKan h cjierKa corHyTaa; nepHCTOM-b 
npocTofl H3i> 32 Tynbix-b 3y6uoB-b. Bi> jrfecax-b, Ha 3eM;rb, p-feAKO. 

44. Pogonatum Palis. 

P. urnigerum (L.) Palis. Pbixjibia rojiy6oBaT03ejieHbiH Aep- 

HOBHHKH, OKOJIO 2— 3 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH H3-b CTCKJIOBHAHarO, 

cjierKa cre6jieo6T>eMjiK)maro ocHOBama y3KO-JiaHueTHbie, ao 6 — 
8 mm. ajihhok), 3y6qaTbie; xcHJuca Bbicrynaioman, Ha BepxHeâ 
CTopoH-fe cb accHMHJiHuioHHbiMH nJiacTHHKaMH, BepxymenH. KJltTKH 

KOTOpbIXT> BABOe ÔOJIbUie HH^Ce^e^amHX-b, TOJICTOCrklIHblH H 



— 149 - 

ÔopOAaBHaTHH. KjrfeTKH ;iHCTa OKpyrjio - 6-yrojibHbin, BBepxy 
ocHOBama nonepeKBHTHHyTHH, a BHH3y y^jiHHeHHHH. Bt> KpwMy 
CTepHJieH-b. Ha 3eMjrfe, y JlMaH-b-Tauia. 

15. Polytrichum Dill. 

KjrfeTKH jiHcra OKpyrJio— 4— 6-yrojibHbia, BBepxy ocHOBa- 
Hin nonepeKBMTHHyTHH, BHH3y yAAHHeHHbiH. BepxymeHH. KjrfeT- 
kh njiacTHHOK-b TaKoro ace hjih nonra TaKoro ace nonepeHHHKa, 
KaKi> h ocTajibHbm. 3y6ubi nepHCTOMa Tynbie. 

1. JlHCT-b u-fejibHOKpaâmô 2. 

— JIhctt> ct> 3y6HaTbiM-b KpaeMi> 3. 

2. BojiocoK-b 6e3UB-feTHbiH ...... .P. piliferum. 

— BojiocoK'b KpacHHH .P. juniperinum. 

3. BepxyiueHHblH KJI-feTKH IUiaCTHHOK-b nOHTH He OTJIHHa- 

iotch ott> ocTa^bHbix-b P. formosum. 

— BepxyuieqHbiH KjrfeTKH njiacTHHOKT> 2-porie (c-b Boray- 
Toâ BepxHefl ctopohoh) . P. commune. 

1. P. formosum Hedw. B. hjih m. pbixjibia tcmho- hjih 6y- 

pOBaTO-3eJieHbIH AepHOBHHbl, AO 10 CM. BbICOTOK). JltfCTbH H3T> 

6-fe^OBaTO-CTeKJioBHAHaro h CTe6jieo6T>eMjnomaro ocHOBama y3- 
KO-JiaHueTHwe, iiohth iiiHJiOBHAHO-3aocTpeHHbie, 3y6naTbie, ao 1 
cm. aji.; xcHJiKa BbiCTynaeT'b bt> BHA'fe TOJiCTaro 3y6qaTaro Kpac- 
Haro uiHnHKa hjih BOJiocKa h HeceTT> Ha BepxHeô CTopoH-fe mho- 

TO aCCHMHJIHUiOHHHX-b njiaCTHHOK-b H3-b (B-b 06meMT>) OAHHaKO- 

Bbix-b KJi'feTOK'b. KopoôoqKa 5— 6-rpaHHan. Ha 3eMjrfe, bt> jrfecax-b, 
oneHb p-fe^KO. 

2. P. piliferum Schreb. Pbixjibin cfepoBaTO-3ejieHbiH a^Pho- 

BHHKH, AO 3 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH AO 4 - G mm. AJIHHOK), H3-b 

xcejiTOBaTaro CTe6jieo6T>eMjiK)maro ocHOBamn npOAOJiroBaTO- 
y3KO-JiaHueTHbie, u-fejibHOKpaâme; acHJuca B-b BHA'fe 6e3UB-feTHaro 
3y6naTaro BOJiocKa h Ha BepxHeâ CTopoH-fe ct> MHoroqHCJieHHbiMH 

aCCHMHJIHUiOHHblMH nJiaCTHHKaMH, BepxyUieHHblH KJI-feTKH KOTO- 
PHXT> Cb COCOHKOBO-ÔOpOAaBHaTblMH BepXyiUKaMH (ÔyTblJIKO- 

o6pa3HMn). KopoôoHKa 4-rpaHHan. Ha 3eMjrfe, oneub p-feAKO. 

3. P. juniperinum Willd. Phxjihh rojiy6oBaT03ejieHbiH Aep- 

HOBHHH, AO 6-7 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH AO 1 CM. A-KHHOK), H3T> 

CTe6jieo6T>eMJiK)maro ocHOBama jiHHefiHO-JiaHijeTHbie, u-fejibHO- 
KpaflHie; HCH^Ka bt> BHA'fe TOJiCTaro KpacHaro 3y6qaTaro HiHnHKa 
hjih BOJiocKa. Ha BepxHefl cropOH-fe cb njiacTHHKaMH, Bepxymeq- 



— 150 — 

HHH KJI-feTKH KOTOpbIXT> TOfl HCe (J)OpMbI, HTO H y ïipe/tfJAymarO. 

KopoôoqKa 4-rpaHHan. Ha 3eMjrfc, Ha afljiax'b oôhkhobchho, bt> 
Ji'bcax'b pt^KO. 

4. P. commune L. OTJiHqaeTca ott> P. formosum niaBHbiM'b 
06p. ôojrbe KpynHHMH BepxyiuenHbiMH KjrbTKaMH accHMHJiaitfOH- 

HWX-b njiaCTHHOKT>, BepxHia CrfeHKH KOTOpblX-b BOrHyTbl (Ha pa3- 

p-fest AByporin) h 4-rpaHHoâ KOpoôomcoâ. FIphboahtch najuia- 
comt>, HaB-fepHO, bm. P. formosum. 

Pleurocarpi. 
Hedwigiaceae- 

46. Hedwigia Ehrh. 

H. ciliata (Web.) Ehrh. (H. albicans). PbixjitiH cbAOBa- 

THH ACpHOBHHKH, OKOJIO 2 — 4 CM. BbICOTOK). JlHCTbH HfiljeBHAHO- 

npo^ojiroBaTbie. BbiTHHyTbie bt> CTeKJiOBHAHbifi 3y6naTbiH h 60- 

pO^aBqaTHH BOflOCOICb, 6e3-b HCHJIKH. KjI-feTKH JIHCTa TOJICTOCrfeH- 

hhh, 6opo,a;aBHaTbiH, okojio 15 ^., BBepxy OBajibHbia, no Kpa- 

HMT> H BHH3y KBaApaTHblH, 3. BT> CpeAHH'b OCHOBaHiH BHTHHyTHH. 

B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. Ha CKajiaxT>, y Myqe'jin h Ha AioAarfe. 

Fontinalaceae- 

47. Fontinalis (DHL) L. 

F. antipyretica L. BbiTHHyrbie HcejiTOBaT03e;ieHbiH AepHO- 

BHHbl, AO 30 CM. A^IHHOK), Cb 3-pHAHO OJIHCTBeHHblMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH okojio Va CM - A^ihhok), H3i> cyaceHHaro Hnsôtraiomaro 
ocHOBaHin uiHpoKO HHijeBHAHO-jiaHueTHbie, TynoBaTbie, KHJieoô- 
pa3HO-cjio)KeHHHe, ct> ocTpbiM-b KHjieM-b h u-bjibHbiM-b KpaeM-b; 

HŒJIKH IffeT-b. KjrfeTKH JIHCTa yAAHHeHHO-pOMÔOHAaJIbHblH, OKOJIO 

15 ja., B-b yrjiax-b KpynH-fce h npaMO-yroJibHbiH, ho yuien-b H-ferb. 
Bt> KpbiMy cTepH^eH-b. Bt> BOA'fe, Ay6. h 6yK. ji , oneHb p^ako. 

48. Climacium W. et M. 

C. dendroides (L.) W. et M. JepHOBHHbi h3t> ApeBOo6pa3- 
HO-pa3B'bTBJieHHbix'b creÔJieH JlHCTbH H3i» cy)KCHHaro HH36tra- 
iomaro ocHOBaHin uiHpoKo — 3-yrojibno-H3biKOBHAHbie, cb 3ana 



— 151 — 



T04HUMH ymiaMii, npQ40flbH0-CKJiaA ï *aTbie 1 cb ayÔqaTHM'b hs- 
eepxy KpaeM'b; HŒ/iKa ne noJtnaa; wcn>fl Btraen yace, KjrfeTKH 

JlHCta TOHKOCTtHHMfl, y3Klfl H CHJLbHO-BblTflHyTbia» Bl> 3aqaT0H- 

tmx-h yniKax-b Kpynnte h OKpyrjio — 6-yrojibHbïH. Bt* KpbiMy 
ctepn^€Hi, h KaK-b forma xerophila — bt> BHAt rycrbix'b 6jtecT«- 
miixb jKejiTOBaxoaejieHbixT, AepHOBHin>, &o 3 cm, bhcotoio. Ha 
semjrb, boct. ckjl HeMepA>Kn. 

li?ucodontaceae. 

4îlL Leucodon Schwâgr, 

L seiuroides (L.) Schwâgr. Pnxjibia rpaano- hjiw fiypoBaxo- 
aejieHbia AepHOBWHbr* ao 5 h Combine cm. ghcotoio, eu o6m- 

KHOBËHHO Ayr006pa3HMMH B^ CyX0M*b COCT, CTC6jiaMH. JÏHCTbH 

bi> cyxoM-b coctohhÎh imotho npHJieraiotnie, npambie h*ih cjierKa 
OAHrfcTOpOHHe-MSOfHyTbie» M3i> HiiueBMAHaro HJltf LUHpOKO-OBa^b- 
iiaro ocHOBaHU iiiHpOKO-JiaHueTïïO-saocTpeHHbie, cb njiocKtrM-b 
m n'bjibHUM'b KpaeM'b, deaii >km^kh, KjAtkh juicra ctuibHO yTOJi- 
lueHHbin h siMqaTbifl, no npaio oKpyrjibia h osajibUbiH, a 8*b epe- 
AHH-fe CHJibHO ByTanyrua, ysida h CJierKa hsbhthsl Bt> Kpuiwy 
CTepH^eH-b. Ha AepeBbax-b, R-b 6yic. m ay6. Jï'tc, AOBOJibHo 

o6blKHOB M B"b COCH. JL H Ka K))KH, 6. OHCHb p^AKO. 

50. Antitrichia Brid. 

A, curtipendula (Hedw.) Brid, Phxjihh, cjienia fijiecTaïuîg, 
6ypoBâTO-a£ejiTOBaTO-3ejieHMfl a^PHOBHHH, ao 15 cm. a^hiioio 

Cb ptAKO M HCnpaBMJIbHO-nepHCTbîMH CTeÔJlHMH, JÏHCTbîl HHorAa 

craerKa oAHOCTopoHHe-H3orHyTbie, HHSÔtraiomie, ccpau^ehabo- 
HHqeBHAHbie hjih uinpOKO-OBajibiitae, Cb y3KOH sydqaTOH Bep- 
xyuiKoti, npoAo^bHo-cK-naAHaTbie, eu oTBopoqeHHtîM'b KpaeM'b; 
rjiaetmH mmjîkû AJiHHHaa (ho ne noAHaa), a no ôoKaMi* en no 
1 — 2 AQôaBoqHbïX'b KopoTKHX'b. K^tkh ^Hcta kt> Kpaio oicpy- 
rjibia h oBajibHwa, a ïCb cpeAHHt cmibiio BbiTHHyTbia, y3Kia h 

H3BHTMH. Bl> KpbIMy CTepHJieiTb. Ha KaMHflX-b H CTBOJtaX'b, 

AiGAar-b a KacTCJib, 

Neckeracçae* 

51. Leptodon Mohr, 
L Smithii (Dicks.) Mohr, Pbixjibia TeMHoae^eHWH hjih 6y- 

pOBRTbîH AepHOBHKKH, B*b lï^CKO/lbK, CM. ftJIHHÛIGj Cb 1 — 2-ne- 

2 



— 152 — 

PHCTHMH CTeÔJIHMH, BT> CyXOMT> COCT. yJIHTK00Ôpa3H0-CBepHy- 
THMH. JlHCTbH HeCHMMeTpHHHbie, HHIjeBHAHbie HJIH K0p0TK0-H3H- 

KOBHAHbie, c-b OKpyrJioâ BepxyiiiKOH, ivfejibHOKpaftHie; HCHJuca 3a- 
KaHHHBaeTCH y cpeAHHbi Jincra. Kji-feTKH ero OKpyrjio — 4—6- 
yrojibHbia, 10 — 14 y.., BHH3y y hœjikh KopoTKO-npHMoyroJibHbin. 
HoacKa ao 2 mm. ajihhoio; Kopoôomca OBajibHan, ôypoBaTan; 
nepHCTOMT^ abohhoô; BHyTpeHHiô 3aHaToqHbi8. Ha CTBOJiax'b- 
K))kh. 6. h Ay6. ji., oneHb p-feAKO. 

52. Neckera Hedw. 

CTeÔJiH 1 — 2-nepHCTbie, miocicie, 6. hjih m. ôjiecTHmie. 

1. JlHCTbH He nonepeKBO^HHCTbie t . . 2. 

— JlHCTbH nonepeKBOjiHHCTbie 3. 

2. BepxyniKa jincra Tynan, OKpyrjian . . . . N. Besseri. 

— BepxyiiiKa jiHCTa 6. hjih m. 3aoerpeHHaH N. complanata. 

3. >KnjiKa npoô'braerb V3— 3 A ^HCTa; ecn* napa<})HJiJiH . 

N. mediterranea. 

— >KHjiKa KopoTKan hjih OTcyTCTByerb; napac^HJwiOB-b 
H'feT'b 4. 

4. JlHCTbH okojio 2 1 /, mm. a-jihhoio N. pennata. 

— JlHCTbH 3 1 /,— 4 mm. ajihhoio N. crispa. 

1. N. mediterranea Philib. >KejrroBaTO-3ejieHbiH agphobhh- 
kh, ao 10 cm. a^hhok)-, creôjm ct> MHoroHHCJieHHbiMH napa<J)HJi- 

JiaMH. JlHCTbH OKOJIO 3 mm. AJïHHOIO, H3T> OAHOCTopoHHe-pac- 

iiiHpeHHaro ocHOBaHin H3biKOBHAHbie, KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHue, no- 
nepeHHO-BOJiHHCTbie, HaBepxy cjienca 3y6qaTbie; aouiKa npoô-fe- 
raerb 2 /a — A U flHCTa. Kji-feTKH jiHCTa BBepxy 9 — 14 [*., iiinpoico- 
h y3KO-poMÔHqecKiH, a KHH3y jiHHefiHbin. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. 
Ha crfeH-fe By3yjiyK-b-xo6a. 

2. N. pennata (L.) Hedw. CB-feTJio- hjih HcejiTOBaTO-3ejieHMH 

AepHOBHHKH, AO 6 — 7 CM. AAHHOK); JlHCTbH 2 — 2*l 2 mm, A^HHOK), 

H3i> cy^ceHHaro ocHOBamn HHueBHAHbie hjih uiHpoKO-oBajibHbie, 
nocTeneHHO koco 3aocTpeHHbie, iiohth u-fejibHOKpafime, none- 
peK-b-BOJiHHCTbie; hchjikh H'feT'b hjih OHa BHJibqaTan, ejie saM'feT- 
Han. KjitTKH jiHCTa BBepxy yAJiHHeHHO-pOMÔHqecidH, KHH3y jih- 
HeÔHbiH. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieHT>. Ha KaMHnx-b h CTBOJiax-b, bt> 
HHHCHen nojiOBHH-fe rop-b, qpe3BbiH. p^AKO. 

3. N. crispa (L.) Hedw. >KejiTOBaTO- hjih 6ypOBaTO-3ejie- 

HblH ACpHOBHHbl, AO 30 CM. RjmUOiO. JlHCTbH 3V f — 4 mm. AJIH- 






hoio, M3-b HH^esHAHaro wm OBajibHaro ocHOBania ïi3fetKOBHAHO- 
npoAo^roBaTwe, cpaay h KOpOTKO-aaocTpeaHbje, nonepeicb-BOJi- 
HHCTbie, ut^bHOKpailHie hah noqTH ayÔnaTLie; skhjikh H*bTT> hah 
om aa^aTOHHaH, BHAb^aTas* KjrfeTKii jiHCTa BBepxy poM6n<iecKH- 
OBa^btibïîï, HHorAa crcenca hsbhtmh, KHHsy jiHueiiHMH, B*b Kpn- 
My GTepH^eHi>* Ha cTBOJiaxi* h KaMHHXT^ oqeHb p%AKO, 

4. N. complanata (L.) Htiben* BjrfcAno-sejieHbiH a^Phob^hkh, 
Au 10 cm. ajihhojo* JlHCTbH 2 — 27s mm, A^HHOH), m*b HHUe- 

BHAHarO HJIH OB3JIbHarO OCHOBaHlfl H3bTKOBHAHO-yAJlHHeHHbTC, 

cpaay a KopoTKû-saocrpeHHbie, noqTH ayd^a-me, r^aAKÎe; >khjikh 
ntT-b hmî OHa aaqaroqHa. KtffeTKH ;mcTa BBepxy poMÔHnecKia, 
KHHsy nnntvmun. B-b KpbiMy crepa^en-b. Ctbo^m h CKa-obi, oqenb 
ptAKo. 

var. tenetla Schimp, OnCHb nt>KBb]H acphobhhkh; jiHCTbH 
okojio 1 mm, ajihhoic, oGpaTHO-MueBHAHbte, KopoxKo-3aocTpeH- 
tibie. Ha cicaJiax-b y ÀâneTpH, 

N. Besseri (Lob.) Jur. B;iiAHo hjih îKejrroBaTO-sejieHHH 

AepHOBMHKH, AO &— 6 CM. A™HOK)* JlHCTbît 1 — J '/i 01111, RJWHOK}, 

H3T> cyateHHaro ûCHOBama oôpâTHO-flHaeBHAHO-npoAOrtroBarae 
KJïh KOC0-H3biKOBHAHHe, cb 3aKpynrceHH0K Tynofl hjih ejie sa- 
MtrHO aaocTpeHHofl Bepxyniicoiî, iioith ir&vibHOKpaHHie, niaAKie; 
>ïtH/iKii h^tî* hjtm oraa 3aMaT0<JHa. Kjtbtkh jiHCTa BBepxy ompy- 

rJlO-pOMÔHHeCKÎH 1UIH OBa/lbHblH, KHH3y pOMÔOHAaJIbBblSÎ, B*b 

KpbiMy cTepH^eH'b. Ha citajiax'b, Mpe3BbmaHK0 p-feAKO, 



53, Thamnium Br. eur. 

Th, alopecurum (L.) Br, eur. Pbixjibïsi ae^enbisi AepHOBHHH, 
co cnyTaHHO- hjih HtiorAa ApeBOo6pa3Ho-pa3B'feTBJieHHbîMH ctê- 

ÔJlflMH, AO 15 CM, AJ1HH0K). JÎHCTbfl HHUeBHAHbJe HJIH HÎfUeBHAHO- 

npoAOAroBâTbie, KopoTKO-aaocTpeHHbie, c-b njiocKHMi> h ocxpo- 
syCnarbiMt Beepxy KpaeM*b; atHjiKa no^TH nojmaa, na cnHmcfc 
3y6naxasL KjrfeTKH Ancra OKpyrjio — 4 — 6-yrojibHbiii, KHH3y ya- 
Kig, npaMoyro^bHbiH. B-b KpwMy CTepiuien-b. B-b npOBajibflx-b h 
cbipbixiï mejiflx'b, BBepxy ropi* (rJiaBH, oôp,, hhjih). 

bçmbopbyllaceae. 

54. Isothecium Brid. 

TCMH03I 



54. 

I. myurum (Poil,) BricL /loBOJibHO pbixjibiH mejiTOBaTO- hjih 

H03eJieHblH AepïïOBHHKH, AO l* CM» BblCOTOK), Ch KyCTHCTO- 



- 154 — 

pa3B'feTBJieHHbIMH CTCÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH 2 — 3 mm. AflHHOK), H3T> 

cjierKa cyaceHHaro ocHOBamn HHueBHAHO-npOAOJiroBaTue hjih 
OBa^bHwe, KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHHe, ct> BorHyTbiMT>, BBepxy 3y6*ia- 
THM-b KpaeM-b h yiuicaMH; aouiKa OKaimHBaeTCH y cpeAHHH jih- 
CTa, HHorAa BHJibHaTan. KjrfeTKH jiHCTa TOJiCToerbHHbiH, pcmôo- 

HAaJlbHHH, KHH3y JlHHCHHblH, a BT> yUJKaXT> KBaApaTHblfl HJIH 6- 

yrojibHMH. Ho»Ka 1 — l 1 /, cm. aahhok); KOpoôoHKa npHMaa, npo- 
AOJiroBaTaa, KpacHOÔypan; nepHCTOM-b ABofiHofi. Bt> jrbcax-b; 
rjiaBH. 06p. Ha 3eMjrfc, p-bAKO. 

Entodonfaceae. 

55. Orthothecium Br. eur. 

0. intricatum (Hartm.) Br. eur. Phxjihh H-fcacHbiH CB-ferao- 

3e^eHbIH ACpHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B'bTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIH- 

mh. JlHCTbH IVa — 2 mm. a^ihhoio, cjierKa H3orHyTbie, JiaHueTHbie 
h uiH^OBHAHO-aaocTpeHHbie, BorHyTue, ct> miocKHM-b h ivfejib- 
HbiM-b KpaeM-b; jkhjikh H-ferb. IGrbTKH jmcTa oqeHb y3Kin, jih- 
HefiHbiH, cjierKa h3bhthh. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. B-b cbipbix-b 
TpemHHax-b, bt> BepxHeft nojiOBHH'b rop-b, ptA^afluie. 

56. Pylaisia Bruch et Schimp. 

P. polyantha (Schreb.) Br. eur. JÎOBOJibHO pbixjibia cnyiaH- 
HbiH HcejiTOBara- hjih TeMH03ejieHbin ÔJiecTnmia acphobhhkh, ao 

5 CM. AJIHHOK). JlHCTbH OKOJIO 1 Va nim. A-^HHOK), H3T> HHUeBHA" 

Haro, OBajibHaro hjih uiHpOKO-JiaHueTHaro ocHOBamn a^ihhho 

y3KO-^aHUeTHO- H7IH IHHJIOBHAHO-3aOCTpeHHbie, CT> ÏIJIOCKHM-b HJIH 

cjierKa BorHyTbiM-b ivfejibHHM-b KpaeM-b; echjikh H-ferb hjih cma 
3anaToqHaH, ABOHHan. KjrfeTKH jmcTa jihhchhwh, a bt> yniax-b 
KBaApaTHHH h KpynH-fee. Hoaoca 1 — 2 cm. aahhok); KOpoôonKa 
npHMan, npoAOJiroBaTan, KpacHOÔypan; nepHCTOM-b abohhoh; Ha- 
pyHŒbiiî Kopoie BHyTpeHHHro; p-fecHHUbi 3aHaTOHHbin. Ha KaM- 

HHXT> H CTBO^aX-b, B^ Ay6. H 6yK. JI., pfeAKO. 

57. Pterigynandrum Hedw. 

P. filiforme (Timm.) Hedw. JJoBOJibHO njiOTHHH acejiTOBa- 

TO-3ejieHbIH AepHOBHHKH, Cl> HenpaBHJIbHO pa3B-kTBJieHHbIMH 
CTeÔJIHMH, BT> H-feCK. CM. A^HHOK). JlHCTbH H3-b CJierKa HH3Ô-fera- 

iomaro npHMoro ocHOBamn oôpaTHO-HïiueBHAHbie hjih OBaJibHbie, 



— 155 — 

KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHtie, ct> BBepxy cJia6o-3y6qaTHM-b, a BHH3y 
OTBopoqeHHHM-b KpaeMi», BHH3y opaHMceBbie; HCHJiKa KopOTKan- 
npocraa, ABOÔHaa hjih BHJibHaTaa. KjrfcTKH jiHcra 7 — 8 ^. ihh- 

pHHOK), yAJIHHCHHblH, CJia6oyTOJimeHHHH, ÔOpOAaBHaTblH, KHH3y 
noqTH jJHHeflHHH, a kt> Kpaio nOHTH KBaApaTHblH. HOHCKa 1 — 2 
cm. fljiHHOio; KOpoôoHKa npnMaa, uHJiHHApHqecKaa, ôypoBaTaa; 
nepHCTOM-b abohhoh: BHyTpeHHiô Majiopa3BHTOâ. Ho CTBOJiax-b 
(rjiaBH. oôp.), bt> 6yK. ji. aob. oôhkh., bt> pyô. jrfec. p^ako. 

Iteskeaceae- 

58. Myurella Br. eur. 

M. julacea (Vill.) Br. eur. floBOJibHO njiOTHbin acejiTOBaTO- 
h ro;iy6oBaTO-3eneHbiH acphobhhkh, a0 3 cm. BbicoTOio, ct> He- 

npaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTB^eHHbIMH npHnO^HHMaiOmHMHCH CTeÔJIHMH, 
HaiIOMHHaiOmHMH HHTH HCCMHyra. JlHCTbH UIHpOKO-HHUeBHAHO- 

OKpynibie, ct> Tynofl hjih TynoBaTOH BepxyuiKOH, no AflHH'b h 

UIHpHH-fe V 3 — l /a mm -> CHJIbHO BOrHyTbie, CT> BOKpyfb HtHCHO 

3y6qaTbiMT> KpaeM-b; aouiKa 3a*iaTOHHaH. KjrfeTKH Jincra okojio 
8 p., r^aAKin hjih ôopoaaBqaTbiH, poMÔH^ecKH — 6-yrojibHbin, 
KHHay noHTH KBaApaTHblH. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieHT>. Bt> Tpemn- 
HaxT>, HaTbipAan>. 

59. Anomodon H. et T. 

KjrfeTKH AHCTa MejiKin, okojio 10 p., OKpyivio — 4 — 6-yrojib- 

HblH, ÔOpOAaBHaTblH, a BHH3y y 3KHJIKH yAJIHHeHHHH, CB-feTJIblH, 

rjiaAKÎH h HMqaTbiH. 

1. JlHCTbH jiaHueTHbie, nocTeneHHO- h A^HHHO-3aocTpeH- 
Hbie .... .... A. longif olius. 

— JlHCTbH H3HKOBHAHO-JiaHUeTHbie, Cpa3y- H KOpOTKO-3a- 

ocTpeHHbie 2. 

2. JlHCTbH okojio 3 mm. jvl. ct> He3y6naTofi BepxyuiKOH 

A. viticulosus. 

— JlHCTbH okojio 2 mm. a^i., 6. h. ct> 2 — 5 3y6qHKaMH 
Ha BepxyuiK-fe A. attenuatus. 

1. A. viticulosus (L.) H. et T. Phxjihh acejiTOBaTO- hjih 
qHCTOrsejieHHH acphobhhkh, ao 10 cm. bhcotok), ct> Henpa- 

BHJIbHO-paSB-feTBJieHHblMH npHnOAHHMaK)IUHMHCH CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH 

qacTO H3orHyTbie, okojio 3 mm. ajihhoio, h3t> cjierKa HH36-fera- 



— 156 — 

lomaro HHueBHAHaro h;ih iuHpoico-OBajibHaro ocHOBama jiaHueT- 
HO-H3biKOBHAHbie, TynoBaTbie hjih oicpyrjieHHbie, BAOJib-CKJiaA- 
naTbie, u-kjibHO-Kpafime; HCHJiKa iiohth nojiHan. Bt> KpbiMy cre- 
pHjieH-b. Ha CKajiaxT> h CTBOJiax'b, bt> 6yK. ji. aob. oôbiKHOBeHHO, 
Bï> OCTaJIbHOMT> oneHb p-feAKO. 

2. A. attenuatus (Schreb.) Hûben. Phxjihh acejiTOBaTO- hjih 
6ypOBaT03ejieHHH acphobhhkh, A q 4 cm. BbicoTOK), cb Henpa- 

BHJIbHO - paaBtTBJieHHWMH AyrOOÔpa3HO - COrHyTbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH okojio 2 mm. aahhok), h3t> cjierKa HH36-braiomaro nft- 
i^eBHAHaro ocHOBaHin jiaHueTHO-H3HKOBHAHbie, TynoBaTO- h ko- 
poTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, c-b 2- 5 mcjikhmh 3y6nHKaMH Ha BepxyuiK'k; 
acHJiKa He nojman. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieirb. Bt> 6yK. ji., oneHb 
p^AKO. 

3. A. longifolius (Schleich.) Bruch. Pbixjibin acejrroBaTO- hjih 
6ypoBaTO-3e^eHbiH AepHOBHHKH, cb HenpaBH^bH0-pa3B'bTBJieH- 

HblMH, npHnOAHHMaiOmHMHCH CTeÔJIHMH, AO 4 CM. RJlimOK). 

JlHCTbH 1V 2 — 2V a mm. ajihhoio, h3t> HÔueBHAHaro 2-CKJiaA^aTaro 
ocHOBaHin jiaHuerabie, nocTeneHHO AflHHHO-saocrpeHHbie, u-fcjibHO- 
KpaHHie; HŒJiKa nojraaH hjih no^TH nojiHan. B-b KpbiMy crepn- 
jieHT>. Ha CTBOJiax-b h CKSJiax-b, qpe3BbiqaÔHO p^ako. 

60. Leskeela (Limpr.) Loesk. (Leskea). 

L. nervosa (Schwàgr.) Loeske. .HoBOJibHO njiOTHbin tcmho- 
hjih qepH03ejieHHH AepHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHflbHO-nepHCTbiMH 

nOJI3yMHMH CTeÔJIHMH, AO 6-7 CM. AflHHOK). JlHCTbH H3T> nOHTH 

cepAueBHAHaro ocHOBaHin ôbiCTpo y3KO-jiaHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, 
cb OTBopoHeHHbiM-b BHH3y h u'b^bHbiM'b KpaeMi>, okojio l^min. 
AJIhhoio; acnjuca paciuibiBaeTCH bt> BepxyuiK-b jincra. Kji^tkh ero 
okojio 8 [a., OKpyrjio — 6-yrojibHbin, rjiaAKin, KHH3y KopoTKO-npa- 
MoyrojibHbiH. B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. Ha CTBOJiax-b h CKajiax-b, 
bt> 6yK. ji. p^ako, B-b Ay6. n. ptAHanuie. 

61. Pseudoleskeela Kindb. (Leskea). 

Grëôejib Cb napa<f)HJijiaMH. 

1. JKnjiKa npocTan, AOCTHraiomaa cpeAHHbi jmcTa. P. ca- 

tenulata. 
— )KHjuca 6. q. BHJibMaTan, 3aKaHMHBaiomaHCH nepeAT> 
cpeAHHoâ jmcTa P. tectorum. 



— 157 - 

1. P. catenulata (Brid.) Kindb. no BH-fcuiHeMy oô^HKy, Kain> 
L. nervosa. JlHCTbH h3t> noHTH cepAueBHAHaro ocHOBamn koco 

JiaHUeTHbie, OKOJIO V» mm. AflHHOK), Cb U-fejIbHblM-b H BHH3y ot- 

BOpoqeHHbiM-b KpaeM-b; Hauuca HAerb ao cpeAHHbi Jincra. KjrfeTKH 
ero 8—10 ^., CHJibHO yTOJimeHHbin, ejie cocoqKOBbin, OKpyivibiH 

H OBaJlbHblH, BHH3y nOHTH KBaApaTHblH. Bl> KpHMy CTepHJieHT>. 

Ha CKajiax'b, BBepxy rop-b, Hpe3BbmaHH0 p-feAKO. 

2. P. tectorum (A. Br.) Kindb. OTJiHqaeTca orb npeAbiAy- 
maro ivi. oôp. cjrbAyiomHM'b: JlHCTbH 6. q. cpa3y jiaHueTHbie, 
ct> noHTH n^ocKHM-b KpaeM-b; acnjuca 3aKaHHHBaeTCH nepeAT* 
cpeAHHOH jiHCTa h BHJibqaTaa. Ha ocaji-fc, xpeô. Iorpacjrb. 

62. Pseudoleskea Br. eur. 
P. atrovirens (Dicks.) Br. eur. )KecTKia 6ypoBaTO-TeMHO- 

3e^eHbIH AepHOBHHKH, c -b HenpaBHJIbHO-nepHCTbIMH, B-b HtCK. 
CM. AJMHOK) CTeÔJIHMH, Cb napa<j)HJIJiaMH. JlHCTbH 6. q. oaho- 

CTopoHHe-corHyTbie, okojio 1 mm. ajihhoio, h3t> iunpoKO-HÔue- 
BHAHaro ocHOBaHin AOBOJibHO ôbicrpo jiaimeTHO- h KOCO-3a- 
ocTpeHHbie, 2-CKJiaAHaTbie (y KpaeB-b), c-b OTBopoqeHHbiMT> h 
nomH 3y6HaTHMT> KpaeM-b; HŒJiKa noqra no;maH, Ha cnHH-fe 3y6r 
qaTan. KjrfeTKH JiHcra okojio 9 [/.., TOJiCTOcrfeHHbiH, OKpyivio- h 
OBajibHO — 4— 6-yrojibHbia, eocoqKOBO-ôopoAaBqa-rbiH, BHH3y ko- 
POtko npHMoyrojibHHH. B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. Ha CKajiax-b, B-b 

BT> BepXHCH nO^OBHH'fe rOp-b, AOBOJIbHO p-feAKO. 

62. Thuidium Br. eur. 
GreôjiH npHnoAHHMaiomiecH, npaBHJibHO-nepHCTbie, c-b BHJib- 

HaTO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH napa(J)H^JiaMH. KjrfeTKH JIHCTa TOJICTOCT-feH- 
HblH H ÔOpOAaBHaTblH. 

1. Gre6e;ib 1-nepHCTbifl Th. abietinum. 

— Greôejib 2 — 3-nepHCTMH 2. 

2. Greôejib (1 — )2-nepHCTbifl; JlHCTbH c-b njiocKHM-b KpaeM-b 
h Bbino^HHiomeH BepxyuiKy hchjikoh ..... Th. recognitum. 

— Greôejib 2 — 3-nepHCTbifi; JlHCTbH ct> OTBopoqeHHbiM-b 
KpaeM-b, qacTO c-b hhtcbhahoh BepxyuiKOfi; a<H;iKa npoô-braerb 
2 / 3 ancra Th. Philiberti. 

1. Th. Philiberti (Phil.) Limpr. OniHqaeTCH orb Th. reco- 
gnitum ivi. oôp. cn-kA.: CTeôejib qacro 3-nepncTbiH; BepxyuiKa 



— 158 - 

JIHCTa OÔblKHOBCHHO BHTHHyTa BT> HHTb; Kpafi JlHCTa BHH3y 3a. 

BOpOHeHHHÔ; HCHJiKa npoôtraerb a /a J^CTa. Ha 3eMjrfe, bt> 6yK. 
h Ay6. ji., oqeHb p-bflKO. 

2. Th. recognitum (L.) Lindb. floBOJibno pwxjibia acejrro- h 

6yp03eJieHHH flepHOBHHbl Cb (1 — )2-nepHCTbIMT> CTeÔJieM'b. JlHCTba 

okojio lv 2 mm. ajihhoio, H31> 3-yrojibHO-cepAueBH£Haro ocHOBa- 
hîh cpa3y jiaHijeTHbie, B^ojib -ôoposA^aTHe, cb niocKHM-b cjiaôo- 
3y6HaTHMi> KpaeMT>; HŒJiKa 3anojiHaerb BepxyuiKy. K^tkh jih- 
CTa OBajibHO-6-yrojibHbiH, KHH3y KopoTKO-npaMoyrojibHbia h KBajx- 
paTHbiH. Bt> KpwMy CTepHJieHT>. Ha 3eMjrb, B-b jrbcaxT>, pfeAKO. 

3. Th. abietinum (L.) Br. eur. Pwxjihh acejrro- h 6ypo3ejie- 

HblH ACpHOBHHbl, Cb 1-nepHCTbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH OKOJIO 1 

mm. ajihhoio, H3i> iiOHTH cepAueBHAHaro ocHOBama jiaHueTHbie, 

BAOJIb-CKJiaA^aTbie, ci* U'fejIbHblM'b H BHH3y cjiaôo OTBOpO^eH- 

HbiM-b KpaeMi>; aouiKa He nojmaa. KjrbTKH juicra OKpyrjibia h 
OBajibHbia, BHH3y qacro KopoTKO-npaMoyrojibHbia. CnopoHOCHTb 
qpe3BbmaflHO p-fe^Ko. Hi. 06p., Ha 3eMjrb, B-b jrbcaxT>, oôhkho- 

BeHHO. 

fiypnaceae. 

64. Amblystegium Br. eur. 

Gre6e;ib ct> ueHTpaJibHbiM-b nyqKOMi>, nojœyqift, Henpa- 
BH^bHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbiâ. Hoaoca Bcer^a rjiaAKaa, 1 — 3 cm. ajih- 
hok>; KopoôoHKa 6. hjih m. HaKJiOHeHHaa, OBajibHaa hjih ijhjihh- 
APHqecKaa, 6. hjih m. corHyTaa, rjiaAKan, 6ypoBaTaa, Cb pacuiH- 
peHHbiM-b ycTbeM-b; nepHCTOM-b abohhoh. 

1. >KHJiKa Berynaerb h BnoJM'b hjih no^TH BbinoaHaerb 
uiHJiOBH^Hyio BepxyuiKy jiHCTa 2. 

— >KHJiKa 3aKaHqHBaeTCH y cpe^HHbi hjih Ha 2 /s «ancra. 3. 

2. >KHJiKa nojmaa; jiHCT-b okojio l 1 /, mm. jyi. A. Sapjehini. 

— >KHJiKa He nojmaa; jihctt> okojio 1 mm. aji. A. varium. 

3. >KHJiKa 6. q. 3aKaHHHBaeTca 3a cpeAHHofi Jipcra, KjrfcTKH 
KOTOparo npo3eHXHMHbiH .......... A. hygrophilum. 

— }KiuiKa. 6. h. 3aKaHqHBaeTCH bt> cpeAKH^ jiHCTa, kji^tkh 
KOToparo napeHXHMHbiH A. serpens. 

1. A. serpens (L.) Br. eur. Manda HcejiTOBaTO-3ejieHbia 

AepHOBHHKH, Cb ryCTO H HenpaBHJIbHO pa3B'bTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH 

ao 3 cm. a^hhoio, cb napacJmjuiaMH y ocHOBaHia pa3BiTBJie- 
Hift. JlHCTba okojio 1 mm. a^ihhok), pbixjibiH, H3T> HHijeBHAHaro 



- 159 — 



ocHOBania jiaimeTHo- ao mHJiOBHAH<>3aocTpeHHbic f c-b u^jih- 
HHM'b h njiocKHM-b Kpaeitrb; mmim saKaHïiHBaeTCH y cpeAHHbi 
JiHCxa. KjitTKM ero !i t*. } yj^ûfttetmû — G-yrojibHMji, BHMsy KopoT- 
KO-npHMoyro^bHbTfl, Bii yrviaxii KBaApaTHbin h Kpynirfee. B*b jrb- 
cax-b, p^ako. 

2. A. varium (HedwJ Lindb, HtCKOJtbKo mecrtie, ni>wh 
npeAHAyuuft» 6e3T> napacJmjiJioB'b. JlnCTbH okojio 1 mm. rj\u- 

HOIO, H3T3 nOHTH CCpAUGBHAHarG OCHOBaniH SbïCTpO y3KCWi;Ul' 
UCTHO- HJIH ILJHJlOBHAlIÛ-aaOCTpeHHbïe, CT> Ut^bHblM'b H nJIOCKHM'b 

KpaeM-b; muma Bcrynaerb bt* aepxyiiiKy ancra, ho He nojinafl. 
KivbîKH jincra yAJiHîieHHû — 6-yrojibHbîHj KHHay no^ra npsiMo- 
yrojiLHtia, a bt> ytviaxT> KBaApaTiiufl. Hi. ofip., na cbipoEaroâ 
seMjrb, o^ienb p^A^o. 

3 + A. hygrophilum (Jm\) Schtmp, PbixjiHH aejiewbiH A^pHo- 

BMHKH, Ch pa3CbHHHO-pa3B-feTB/ieHHbiMH pbJXJlO'OJÎHCTBeHHblMH 
CTefijIHMH. .HHCTbfl J\Q I Vj mm. AJ1HHOK), MTi flfiueBHAHarO OCHO- 
BaHlîI JiaHUCTHO-UJMJlOBHAHhie, C*b utjlbHb!M*b if fiJlOCKHM-b Kpa- 
eOTb; iKHJIKa HAÊTTj £0 CpeAHHH .FlHCTa HJIH H'bCKOJlbKO Aajibine. 

KjrkTKH JiHCta ysKin, yAJiHHeHHo*npo3eHXHMHb]Hj B-b yr^axiî upa- 

MOyrOJIbHbïH H B3AyTblH. riO CbipbIM'b M'hcraM'b, BHM3y, BaXHH- 

capaîi h JlacttB. 

4. A P Sapjehini Podp. ad, int. rpfl3Ho-3ejieHbtsi a^PKûbhitkh, 

Cb p'tAK0*pa3B'bTB^eîT[lblMH pblXJlOOJÎHCTBeHHblMH CTeÔJIHMM. 

JlncTbH ao 2 mm, ajuwoio, yaKO-flfîueBHAHQJîanueTHHe, c*b ruio- 

CKHMTa H nOITH 3y6qâTHM'b HJ1H U'feJïbHblM'b KpaeMT>; >KMKa ïl 

naH, HiiorAa qyTb BbiCTyrraiomasi. KjrfcTKn Jincra yA^iHiiemio-poM- 

âOHAaJlbHbTH, KHIBy pOMÔHueCKH— (i-yrOJILHUfl. y pOAHMKa, HHJKC 

JIonaTa h b^ JI'fccHHHecTB*fc. 

65. Hygroamblystegîum Loesk. (Hypnum P Am- 

blystegiurn). 
ripepsaHo ptAKO hah rycxo nepHcrae credaii, cb napa- 

4>HJWaMH. 

1, >KM^Ka Bbicrynaiomafl . . . p . H- fallax. 

— >KHJiKa hc BbicTynaiomaH . . . . .2. 

2, ZlepHOBHHKH BCeCTKJH, rpfl3HOBaT03ejieHHîï; ctcSjih ptA 

KO-nepHCTLie; /wcTbH noHTH ivfajibHOKpafiHÎe . . , H, irriguum, 

— flepHOBHHKH H6 HCeCTKÎff, 3Ke^TOBaTO-3e^eHbTH; CTe6^H 

6. n, rycTo-nepHCTbie; JiHCTbH TOHKo-sygqaTbie. . . H, filicfnum. 
[. H. irriguum (Wils.) Loesk. >KecTKÏa rpfl3HOBaTo-3tJienHH 



— 160 — 

AepHOBHHKH, Cb p-feflKOnepHCTblMH CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH £0B0JlbH0 

pwxjiHH, l 1 /, — 2 mm. «zymnoio, h3t> HH36traiomaro HHueBH#Haro 
ocHOBamn jiaHueTHwe, ct> ruiocKHMb HeHCHO-3y6qaTHM-b KpaeM-b; 
MCHJiKa nojmaH hjih tiohtvl nojmaH. KjAtoh JiHCTa 10 p.. pomôh- 
necKH — 4 — 6-yrojibHHH, BHH3y npHMoyrojibHHH h iuupe, bt> 
yrjiax'b nacro OBajibHO — 5-yrojibHbin. Bt> KpHMy crepHJieH'b. Bt> 
BOA'fe, o^eHb piAKO. 

2. H. filicinum (L.) Loesk. )Kejrro- hjih MHCTO-3ejieHHH ^ep- 

HOBHHbl, Cb 6. *ï. ryCTO-nepHCTHMH CTeÔJIHMH, Cb MHOrOHHCJieH- 

hhmh napa(j)HJiJiaMH. JlHCTbH H3i> ^ajieKO-HH36-braK)maro, umpo- 
Karo 3-yrojibHO-cepAueBHAHaro ocHOBamn, jiaHueTHbie, ct> iijio- 
CKHM-b h MejiK03y6qaTbiM'b KpaeMi> h ci> yuiKaMH; HŒJiKa iiohth 
nojmaH. KjrbTKH jmcra 9 n. pOMÔHqecKin, poMÔOHflajibHbiH hjih 
noHTH jiHHeâHbiH, bi> yrjiax-b B3flyTMH, KOpOTKO-npHMOyrO^LbHO — 
6-yrojibHbia, 20—35 ^. KopoÔomca npoaojiroBaTan hjih uhjihh- 
ApHMecKan, HaKJiOHeHHan, corayTan h ct> pacuiHpeHHHM-b ycTb- 

eWb. B-b BO^-fe H nO MOKpbIM'b M-feCTaMl>, BT> Jl-fecax-b, flOBOJIbHO 

nacTO, 

3. H. fallax (Brid.) Loesk. HepH03ejieHbiH flepHOBHHbi, ct> 
p-feAKO-nepHCTHbiMH CTeôjiHMH. JlHCTbH H3i> HH36-kraiomaro nflue- 
BHAHaro ocHOBaHin nocTeneHHO jiaHueTHbie, Cb ruiocKHM-b h noq- 
th u-fe^bHbiMi> hjih MejiK03y6qaTbiM-b KpaeMi>; HŒjnca Bbicrynaio- 
maa, ^acTO aajieKO. Kji-feTKH jiHCTa, bt> oômeM'b, KaK-b y npe^bi- 
Aymaro, ho Kopoqe h BHH3y nacTO ao h<hjikh KpyiiHbiH. Cnopo- 
HOCHT'b qpe3BbmafiHO p-feAKO. Bt> Bo;vb h no MOKpbIM'b M-fecraM-b, 
B-b jrfecax-b, AOBOjibHO qacro. 

66. Cratoneuron (Sull.) Roth. (Hypnum). 
C. commutatum (Hedw.) Roth. floBOJibHO MHncin ^cejiTO- hjih 

HHCTO-3eJieHbIH ACpHOBHHbl, qaCTO HHKpyCTHpOBaHHblH H3BeCTbK), 

Cb rycTO- h npaBHJibHO-nepHCTbiMH, BofljioqHbiMH ctcôjihmh. 
JlHCTbH ao 2 mm. a-tihhok), cepnoo6pa3Hbie, h3t> HH36-feraiomaro 
3 yrojibHO-cepaueBHAHaro ocHOBaHin Ôbicrpo jiaHueTHO-3aocrpeH- 
Hbie, npo^ojibHO CKJia^HaTbie, cb ruiocKHM'b h MejiKO-3y6qaTbiMT> 
KpaeM'b; aouiKa He nojiHan. KjrbTKH Jincra y3Kin, jiHHeflHbin, bt> 
caMOM-b HH3y pbixjibiH h KpynHbiH. KopoôoqKa HaKJiOHeHHaa, 
UHjiHHApHHecKan, corayTan. B-b BOA'b, bt> jrbcaxT>, oieHb ^acro. 



- 161 — 



67. Drepanocladus (C. M.) Rothu (Hypnurn). 

P^^ko- h HenpaBHJibHO-nepHCTwe ctcô^h, 6e3i> napa<î>HJi- 
jiobi> h cb cepnoo6pa3Ho-3arHyTHMM BepxyuiKaMH^ 

1. JlHCTbfl ao 3 mm. a/ihhoio; ^epiiosmiu HtîKHbiR, D. 

aduneus. 

— JlHCTba 3—5 mm, ajihhoïg; a^Phôbhhu CHJibHUH. 0. WîlsonL 
i, D. Witsoni (Schimp,) Roth, >Ke^T03ejieHbîîî AepuoBHHbj, 

CO CJiaÔO-paSB-feTBJlCHHblMH CTCÔJIHMH, OKOJIO 6—7 CM, BblCQTOIO. 

JlucTbH 3—5 mm, ajihhoio, paxmU h Mande, cepnoo6pa3Hbtei 
H3i> cjierKa HHsôfcraiomaro ysKo-HftueBHAHaro ocHOBama Jian- 

UeTHbie H lllMJlOBMA"0*3aOCTpeHHbie, Cb ut;ibHHMb H nJïOCKMMT> 

KpaeMii h et yiiiKaMH; JKW^Ka He nojiHas, Kji%tkh jwctb tohko 
crfeHHbiB, cmeHb ysKiH, jtHHeflHHH, bi> yniKâx'b pbix^bia m osa^b- 
ho — 6-yrojibHbiïL Bi> KpbiMy cTepHJieH-b. Ha saÔQmHtnmïï. 3CM- 
jrb, JlacnH. 

2. D. aduncus (Hedw.) Warnst, var. gracilescens (Bneur) 
Roth* HbîKHbifl )Ke^TOBaTO- hjih cB-bTJio-seJieHhïH ^epnoBMHbi, cb 

BHTftHyTbîMH p'b^KO-nepHCTblMH CTtÔflUMH* JlHCTbïl 1131* WHpOKO- 

flftueBHAHaro oCHOBaHin epaay jiaHueTHO-saoeTpeHHbie, rb n/io- 
ckhmi> h irfejibHHM'b KpaeMi»; xorAKà He no;maa* Kji%tkh «imera 

TOBKOCTtHHHS, y3KÏfl, JUfliefiHbHI, B*b yrjia?cb paCtllHpCHKblH M 

BSAyTWH. B*b KpbiMy crepHJieH'b, Ha noHB% Ha eKaJiax'b, JlacnH 
(xaoeb). 

tïS* Hygrohypnum Lîndb. (Limnobium), 

H, palustre (Huds.) Loesk. >KejiTOeaTO- hjih 6ypOBaTo-3e- 

^€HbIfl AepHOBHHy^ Cb HenpaBH^bHO-paSB-BTB^eHHbïMH CTeÔMMH, 

JlncTbîî qacTû cjierKa cepnoBHAHbie, okojio 1 mm. ajihhoio, H3-b 
HH36-feraiomaro oCHOBaHin AHLjeBHAHO-npoAOJîroBaTbie hjih oBajib- 
Htie t aaocipeHHbie, BorHy-rbie, Cb utjibHbiMiï h BBepxy cnjibHo 
BOrHyTbiMi? Kpaewb; jfuuïKa (imorAa BH;ibHaxaH) saKaH^HBaaTCfl 
y cpeAHHbt juicra. Kji1>tkh ero TOHKocTtHHbïH, a b-b yrJtax'b ko- 
poTKO-npflMoyro^bHbîfl, Kopo6om<a RaooHeHHafl, npoAcmroBaTaïî, 
cornyTaH, hoat* yCThearb cyncenan. FTo cbipbiMi> wtcTaMi», B*b 
Jitcax'b, aob. p^AKO. 

69. Campylîum (Suit) Bryhn, (Hypnum). 

.riHCTbîl H31j UJHpOKarO OCHOBaHLfl BHTHHytbl B*b cmeHb AAHH- 

Hyio y3Kyto» 6. h. liinaoBHAHyio BepxyuiKy; ax-b kjtbtkh ysirisi, 
jiHHeiiHbisi, a B*b yrjiax'b nouTH KsaApaTHHff, 



— 162 — 

1. )KHJiKa 3aKaHHHBaeTCH y cpeAHHw jmcTa. C. chrysophyllum. 

— )KHJiKa 3anaTOHHaH hjih en Hfcrb 2. 

2. JlHCTbH u-fejibHOKpaflHie, ro 2 mm. aji. . C. protensum. 

— JlHcrb BHH3y MejiK03y6MaTbiâ, flo 1 mm. rji. C. Som- 

merfeldtii. 

1. C. chrysophyllum (Brid.) Bryhn. JIobojibho njioTHHH 30- 

JIOTHCT03eJieHbIH AepHOBHHKH, Cb 3B-fe3A^aTO-OJIHCTBeHHHMH CTe- 

6jihmh, rq 4 cm. BbicoToio. JlHCTbH Cb non™ 3-yrojibHO-cepAue- 
BHAHbiM-b ocHOBameM-b, ao l 1 /, mm, ajihhoio; acHJuca 3aKaHHH- 
BaeTCH y cpe^HHbi jmcra. Bt> KpHMy CTepHJieH'b. Bi> TpemHHax-b 
h Ha 3eMJi-fe, B-b BepXHeft nojiOBHH-b ropT>, qpe3BbmaHHO p-fe^KO. 

2. C. protensum (Brid.) Kindb. Orb npeAHAymaro otjih- 
qaeTCH rji. o6p. cjrfeA.: JlHCTbH cpa3y oneHb ajihhho h tohko 
BbiTHHyTbie, okojio 2 mm. ajihhoio, 6e3i> HOiJiKa— hjih OHa 3a- 
naTOHHa. Ha 3eMjrfe, y flMaHTauia. 

3. C. Sommerfeldtii (Myr.) Bryhn* Phxjihh cnyTaHHbia aceji- 

TOBaTO-3e.ieHbIH #epHOBHHKH, Cb pblXJIO-OJIHCTBeHHblMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH okojio 1 mm. ajihhoio, mi> no^TH cepAUeBH^Haro ocho- 

BaHÎH Cpa3y OqeHb flJIHHHO- H TOHKO-BbITHHyTbie, BHH3y MeJlKO- 

3y6^aTbie; hchjikh h^tt* hjih OHa 3anaTOHHaH (^BoâHan). Kopo- 
6oHKa HaK^OHeHHan, npo#ojiroBaTaH, comyTan h cjienca r,op6a- 
TaH, ct> pacuiHpeHHbiM-b ycTbeM-b. 

70. Ctenidium (Schimp.) Mitt. (Hypnum.). 

C. molluscum (Hedw.) Mitt. H-bacHbia acejrro- hjih CBtTJio- 
3e^eHMH #epHOBHHbi, cb rycTO- h npaBH^bHO-nepHCTHMH CTe6- 

JIHMH. JlHCTbH CepnOBHAHbie, 2 — 27a mm « AJIHHOK), H3T> HH36-fe- 

raiomaro cepaueBHflHO-HHueBHAHaro ocHOBamn jiaHijeTHbie hjih 
noqTH uiH^oBHAHO-saocTpeHHbie, 3y6qaTbie no BceMy Kpaio-, hchji- 
Ka 3a^aToqHaH hjih en H-ferb. KjrbTKH jiHCTa okojio 8 i*., chjh>ho- 

BblTHHyTblH, COCOHKOBO-ÔOpOAaBHaTblH, BT> yrJiaXT> H-feCKOJIbKO 

KpynHte h Koporain. Kopoôo^Ka cKJioHeHHan, afiueBHflHaH, rop- 
6aTan, KpacHOÔypaa. Bt> BepxHeâ nojiOBHH-fe rop-b aob. oôhkho- 

BeHHO, BHH3y O^eHb p-fe^KO. 

71. Rhytidiadelphus (Lindb.) Warnst. (Hylocomium). 
Rh. triquetrus (L.) Warnst. Phxjihh acecncia }KejiT03ejieHbiH 

flepHOBHHbl, AO 15 CM. BbICOTOK), Cb p-feflKO-nepHCTHMH CTeÔJIH- 
MH, SB^SA^aTO-OJIHCTBeHHblMH. JlHCTbH RO 7a CM. AJIHHOK), H3T> 



— 163 — 

iimpoKaro cepflueBHflHO-nfiijeBHAHaro ocHOBamn jiaHiteTHwe, ct> 
KpyroMT> 3yÔHaTbiM'b KpaeMi>; HCHJiKa ABOÔHan h npoôiraerb 
7* — Va JiHCTa. KjiiTKH JiHCTa oneHb y3Kin, jiHHefiHHH, cjierKa 

H3BHTHH, COCOHKOBO-ÔOpOAaBqaTblH, BHH3y nOHTH npHMoyrojib- 

Hbia, a bt> yrjiax-b BABoe KpynHie. Bt> KpuMy CTepHJieHT>. Ha 
3eMjrb, p^ako, Ha K)>kh. 6. H-ferb. 

72. Rhytidium (Sull.) Kindb. (Hypnum, Hylo- 

comium). 
Rh. rugosum (Ehrh.) Kindb. PbixjibiH »ejiT03e^eHHH a^pho- 

BHHbl, Cb HenpaBH^bHO-nepHCTblMH CTeÔJIHMH, ao 10 CM. AflHH. 

JlHCTbH KpynHbie, cepnoo6pa3Hwe, h3t> afiueBHAHaro H^ua OBajib- 
Haro ocHOBaHin jiaHuerabie, ct> ihhjiobhahoh H3rpw3aHHO-3y6qa- 
toh BepxyuiKOH, CH^LbHO-nonepeHHO-BOJiHHCTbie; HCHJiKa 3aKaHHH- 
BaeTCH y cpeAHHbi JiHCTa. KjrfeTKH ero C3aAH cocohkobo-6opo- 
AaBqaTbiH, jiHHefiHbin, h3bhthh, BHH3y Kopoqe, a bt> yrJiaxT> 
noHTH KBaApaTHHH. Bt> KpbiMy erepHJieH'b. Ha 3eMjrfe, bi> Bepx. 
nojiOBHH-fe ropi>, oqeHb p-feAKO. 

73. Hylocomium Br. eur. 

H. splendens (Dill.) Br. eur. Pbixjibia >KejiTOBaTo-3ejieHbiH 
AepHOBHHbi, ct> 3Taxceo6pa3HO-rycTO—2 — 3-nepHCTbiMH ctcÔjihmh, 
AO 15 cm. bmcotok). JlHCTbH KpynHbie (ao 3 mm.), uinpoKO- 
OBajibHbie h cpa3y ajihhho-uihjiobhaho BbiTHHyTbie, BorHyTbie, 
c^ienca BAOJib-CKJiaA^aTbie, ct> 3y6HaTUMi> h BBepxy BorHyTbiMi> 
KpaeMi>; HCHJiKa ABOHHaa, KopoTKaa, okojio 7* ™era. KjrfeTKH 
ero cocoqKOBO-ôopoAaBHaTHH, jiHHeHHbia, BHH3y uinpe. Kopo- 
ÔOHKa HaKJiOHeHHan, HHueBHAHaa. Bt> jrbcax*b h Ha HHJiax-b, 
p-feAKO. 

74. Hypnum Dill. (Hylocomium). 

H. Schreberi Willd. Pbixjibia ncejiTOBaTO- hjih qHCTô-3ejieHbiH 

AepHOBHHH, AO 10 CM. BbICOTOK), Cb nOTTH DpaBHJIbHO-nepHCTbl- 

mh CTeôjiHMH. JlHCTbH KpynHbie, uiHpoKO-OBajibHbie, cb oKpyrjieH- 
ho& hjih Tynofl BepxyuiKOH, CHjibHO BorHyTbie, cjienca baoju>- 
CK^aA^aTbie; HCHJiKa ABOHHaa, oneHb KopoTKan. KjrfeTKH . JiHCTa 
oneHb y3Kin, jiHHeHHbia, BHH3y BABoe uinpe, B-b yrjiax-b OBajibHO — 
6-yro;ibHbiH h KpynHbiH, ao 25 (j.. Kopoôo^Ka HaKjiOHeHHan, 
npoAOJiroBaTan, corHyTaa. Ha 3eMjrfe, bt> jrfecax-b BepxH. nojio- 
bhhh ropi>, o^eHb p-bAKO. 



— 164 — 

75. Stereodon (Brid.) Mitt. (Hypnum). 

1. JlHCTbH cjienca HH36-traiomie, ct> Ha3aflT> OTorHyraM-b 
BHH3y KpaeM-b S. cupressiformis. 

— JIhctbh He HH36-braiomie, ct> iuiockhmt> (h BHH3y) Kpa- 
eM-b S. Vaucheri. 

1. S. cupressiformis (L.) Brid. )Kejrro- hjih cB-feTJio-3ejieHHH 
AepHOBHHbi, ct> p^AKO-nepHCTHMH h cjierKa-cnjnomeHHHMH CTe- 
ôjihmh, ao 8 cm. ajihhoio, qacro Ch KpioHKOo6pa3HHMH Bepxyiu- 
KaMH. JIhctbh noHTH ABypHAHbie, cepnoo6pa3Hbie, KpynHue, h3t> 
cjienca HH36-braiomaro HfiueBHAHaro hjih OBaJibHaro ocHOBamn 
jiaHueTHbie, cb no^TH iiihjiobhahoh BepxyuiKoâ, ct> BHH3y cjierea 
OTBopoHeHHbiM'b h BBepxy qacTO syôqaTUM-b KpaeM-b; Houuca 
ABoâHan, 3aqaTOHHaH hjih en H-brb. Kji^tkh jincra oneHb y3Kin, 

JlHHeÔHblH, H3BHTHH, BT> yiViaX-b OKpyrJIHH HJIH KBaApaTHblH. Ko- 

poôoHKa npHMan hjih CKJioHeHHan, no^ra uHJiHHflpHqecKaH, co- 

THyTaH. OflHH-b H3T> CaMbIXl> OÔblKHOBeHHblX-b BT> KpHMyMXOBT>. 

2. S. Vaucheri (Lesqu.) Lindb. Ott> H'bKOTopbix'b 4>opM-b 
npeflbmymaro OTJiHnaeTCH tji. o6p. CJrkA.: JlHCTbH He HH36-feraio- 
mie, okojïo l 1 /» mm., c-b u-fejibHbiM-b h BnojiH-fe miocKHM-b Kpa- 
eM-b. npHBOAHTCH 4>eAneHKO ajih Kapacy-6auiH 

76. Isopterygium Mitt. (Plagiothecium). 
KjrbTKH JiHCTa oqeHb y3Kin, jiHHefiHbiH, bt> yraax-b noqTH 

KBaApaTHUH. 

1. JlHCTbH 2— 2Vi mm. rjuihoio I. silesiacum. 

— JlHCTbH okojïo 1 mm. ajihhoio I. depressum. 

1. I. depressum (Bruch.) Mitt. flpKO-3ejieHHH nojisy^iH #ep- 

HOBHHKH, CT> p-feflKO- H HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CIIJIIOmeH- 

hhmh CTeÔJiHMH. JlHCTbH okojïo 1 mm. ajihhoio, cjierKa HH3Ô-fe- 
raiomie, OBajibHbie, KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, ct> ruiocKHM-b HBnojiH-fe 
hjih no^TH u-fejibHbiM-b KpaeM-b; acHjuca 3aqaTOHHaH. Bt> KpHMy 
CTepHJieH-b; B-b Iorpac^-b xoôa. 

2. I. silesiacum (Selig.) Warnst. Pbixjibin cB-feTJio3ejieHbiH 

AepHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbH0-pa3B-feTBJieHHHMH CTeÔJIHMH, OKOJÏO 

2 cm. ajihhoio. JlHCTbH ao 2 l / 2 mm. ajihhok), noqra He HH36-b- 
raiomie, qacTO cjierKa H3orHyTbie, h3t> HfiueBHAHaro ocHOBaHÎH 
npoAOJiroBaTO-jiaHueTHbie, tohko 3aocTpeHHbie, ct> njiocKHM-b h 
BBepxy 3y6qaTbiMi> KpaeM-b; aouiKa BHJibqaTan, 3aqaToqnan. Ko- 



— 165 — • 

poôomca HaKJiOHeHHaa, UHjiHHApHqecicaH, corHyTaa. Ha CTBOJiaxT>, 
Ji-bca BepXH. iiojiobhhh rop-b, ptA^afinie. 

Çrachytheciaceae. 

77. Homalothecium Br. eur. 

JlHCTbH H3T> IUHpOKO-JiaHUeTHarO OCHOBaHÎH ^JIHHHO- H 
TOHKO-3aOCTpeHHMe, CT> ÔOJIbUIHM-b qHCJIOlVrb P'fe3KHX'b npOAOJIb- 
HblX'b CK^aAOKT>. KjrfeTKH JIHCTa OHCHb y3KÎH, JIHHefiHHH, BT> 

yrjiax-b OBajibHbin hjih KBaApaTHbin. Kopoôoqica npHMO-CTOHman, 
npoAOJiroBaTan, npnMan hjih cjienca corayTaH. 

1. )KmiKa He nojman; Hoacica 6opOAaBqaTan . H. sericeum. 

— >KH;iKa noJiHaH-, Ho>KKa nnaAKan ... H. philippeanum. 

1. H. sericeum (L.) Br. eur. )KejiTO-3ejieHbia AepHOBHHH, 
Cb 6. q. H3orHyTbiMH (B-b cyx. coct.) ctcôjihmh. JIhctbh ct> 3y6- 
qaTbiM-b, no KpaflHefl M-bp-fc, BHH3y KpaeM-b; MUJiKa npo6traerb 
okojio 3 4 JiHcra. Ho)KKa rycTO-ôopoAaBqaTan. CaMbrâ oôbiKHO- 

BeHHHH B-b KpbIMy MOX'b. 

var. piliferum Roth. BepxyiuKa JiHCTa BbiTHHyTa bt> bma^ 
BOJiocKa. Tji. o6p. Ha IOhch. 6. 

2. H. philippeanum (Spr.) Br. eur. B. q. 3ejieHbia, oôhkho- 

BeHHO KyCTHCTbIH AepHOBHHbl. JlHCTbH 6. HJIH M. HCHO 3y6qaTbie; 

acHJiKa nojiHaa. Ho>KKa rJiaAKan, HHorAa TOJibKo BHH3y hchcho- 
6opoAaBqaTan. B-b BepxHefl nojiOBHH-fe rop-b, oôbiKHOBeHHO. 

78. Camptothecium Br. eur. 

C. lutescens (Huds.) Br. eur. >KejiTOBaT03ejieHbiH AepnoBH- 

Hbl, CT> HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTB^eHHHMH CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH, KaiCb 

y npeAbiAymHx-b bhaobt>, ho 3y6qaTbie TOJibKO BBepxy; acHJiKa 
npoô-feraerb okojio 3 /4 JiHCTa. KjrkTKH ero oqeHb y3Kin, jiHHeâ- 
HbiH, bt> yrjiax-b OBajibHbin. HoacKa 6opoAaBqaTan; Kopoôoqica 
6. hjih m. HaKjiOHeHHan, npoAOJiroBaTan, corayTan h ropôaTan. 
Pji. o6p., Ha 3eMjrfe, oqeHb p^ako. 

79 Ptychodium Schimp. 
P. tauricum Sapjehin. floBOJibHO ruiorabiH )KejiT03ejieHbia 

AepHOBHHKH, CT> p^AKO- H npepBaHHO-nepHCTblMH CTeÔJIHMH, ao 
3 CM. A^HHOK), Cb MHOroqHCJieHHblMH napa(J)HJlJiaMH. JlHCTbH 6. 

q. cjienca corHyTwe, cjierica HH36-braiomie, h3t> uinpoKaro OBajib- 



. — 166 — 

Haro ocHOBaHin ÔMCTpo BUTHHyTbie bt> AJiHHHyio jiaHueTOBHA- 
Hyio BepxyuiKy, okojio l 1 /, mm. ajihhoio, KHjieBaTO-BorHyTbie, 
BAOJib-ÔoposA^aTbie, ct> saBopoHeHHHM-b h BBepxy syôqaTbiMT» 
KpaeNTb; >KHJiKa TOJicran, BbicrynaiomaH, Ha cnHHirfe 3y6naTaH. 
Kji-feTKH JiHCTa nocpe^HH-fe oneHb y3Kin, JiHHefiHbiH, cjierKa H3BH- 
thh, KBepxy Kopo^e, cocoHKOBO-6opo#aBqaTbiH, BHH3y h no 

KpaHM-b BT> HtCKOJIbKO pHAOBT> KBaflpaTHblH HJIH nOHTH KBafl- 

paTHUH. Hoaoca okojio 1 cm. ajihhoio; Kopoôo^Ka hohth hjih 
Bnojra-fe npHMan, OBaJibHan hjih npoAOJiroBaTan. Ha cicajrb no ny- 
th orb K.-y3eHb6auia Ha nftjiy. 

80. Brachythecium Br. eur. 

Gre6ejib 6t3-b napacjmjuioB'b h HacToamHXT> ctojiohobt>. 

KjrfeTKH JIHCTa 6. H. pOMÔOHAaJIbHHH, HHOrAa CHJIbHO BHTH- 
HyTblH. 

1. >KHJiKa nojiHan hjih no^TH nojraaa . . . B. populeum. 

— >KHJiKa npoô-braerb He ôojibiue »/ 4 jiHCTa ... 2. 

2. JlHCTbH 1 — l»/ a mm. aji., nocTeneHHO cyaceHHbie, H30- 
rHyTbie B. velutinum. 

— JlHCTbH He Kopone 2 mm., npHMbie hjih H3orHyTwe, 
ho Tor^a cpa3y BBepxy cyaœHHbie . 3. 

3. JlHCTbH ÔbICTpO y3KO-JiaHUeTHO- HJIH UIHJlOBHflHO-CyHCeH- 

Hbie 4. 

■— JlHCTbH nocTeneHHO cyaŒBaiomiecH 5. 

4. JlHCTbH B-fcTOK-b Ha BepxyiuK-fe ocTpo-3y6qaTbie. B. sa- 

lebrosum. 

— JlHCTbH BtTOK'b ivfcjibHOKpafiHie ..... B. albicans. 

5. JlHCTbH ivfejibHOKpaHHie B. mildeanum. 

— JlHCTbH 3y6qaTbie 6. 

6. GreôjiH .npeBOoôpasHO-pasB-bTBjieHHbie; kjAtich b-b yniaxT* 
jiHCTbeB-b pbixjibiH, KpynHbiH, p^3KO OTjiHqaeMHH; bt> BO^-fe h no 
MOKpbiM'b M-fecraM-b B. rivulare. 

— CTeôjiH HenpaBHJibH0-pa3B-feTBJieHHbie; KjrfeTKH bt> yrjiaxT> 
jiHCTbeB-bHep-fe3KO-OTJiHqHMbiH-, no cyxHM'b M-fecTaM-b B. rutabulum. 

1. B. mildeanum Schimp. PbixjiHH HcejiT03ejieHbiH #epHOBH- 

Hbl, CT> npHnOAHHMaiOmHMHCH HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTe- 

ôjihmh. JlHCTbH ao 3 mm. ajihhoio, H3i> HH36-kraiomaro cjierKa 
cyaceHHaro ocHOBamn iuHpOKO-HHijeBHAHO-JiaHueTHbie, nocreneH- 
ho 3aocTpeHHbie, HeacHO 6opo3A4aTbie, ct> utjibHbiM'b h njio- 



— 167 - 
ckhm'b KpaeM-b; HOWHca aaKaHHHBaeTCH y cpeAHHbi JiHcra. Kji^tkh 

erO TOHKOCT'feHHHH, y3KÎH H BbITHHyTbIH, BHH3y nOHTH npHMO- 

yrojibHH5i h HMqaTWH, bt> yrjiax-b He p-fe3KO otjihhhmhh. Bi> 
KpuMy CTepH^eH-b. rio cbipbiM-b MtcTai^b, AflneTpH, Myqejib h 
y^aHcy. 

2. B. salebrosum (Hoffm.) Br. eur. )KejiT03ejieHbiH Aepno- 

BHHH, Cb HenpaBH^bHO-pa3B-feTB^eHHbIMH CTe6jIHMH. JlHCTbH flO 

3 mm. ajihhok), cjienca Hroôtraiomie, nfiueBHAHbie hjih nfiueBHA- 
HO-npoAO^roBaTbie h cpa3y y3KO-jiaHueTHO- hjih iiiHJiOBHAHO-3a- 
ocTpeHHbie, BAOJib-ôoposAHaTbie, ct> ivfejibHbWb hjih BBepxy 3y6- 

HaTblM-b H ITJIOCKHM'b HJIH BHIÎ3y OTBOpOHeHHHM'b KpaeMT>; XCHJIKa 

3aKaHqHBaeTCH y cpeAHHbi JiHCTa; jiHCTba B-feToicb ct> ocrpo3y6- 

qaTOH BepxyiUKOfi. KjrfeTKH JlHCTa TOHKOCTfeHHblH, y3KÎH H BbI- 
THHyTbIH, BHH3y noqTH npHMoyrojibHbin, KpynHte h HMqaTbin, bt> 
yrjiaxT> n',qra KBaApaTHbin, ho He p^ko OTJiHHHMbiH. Ho>KKa 
iYiaAKan; KOpoôoqKa HaKJiOHeHHan, HHueBHAHO-npOAOJiroBaTan, 
ropôaTan h corHyTan, okojio 3 mm. a<k. TjiaBH. o6p., 'Ha 3eMjrb 
h bi» Jitcax'b, *îacTO. 

3. B. populeum (Hedw.) Br. eur. )KejrroBaTO- hjih CB-feTjio- 

3eJieHHH AepHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIH- 

mh. JlHCTba ao 2 mm. a^hhoio, cjierKa HHSÔiraiomie, h3t> OBajib- 
Haro ocHOBaHÎH npoAOJiroBaTO-JiaHijeTHbie, A«nHHHO-3aocrpeHHbie, 
BoruyTbie, 6e3i> CKJiaAOK'b, qacTO ct> OTBopoqeHHbiM-b BHH3y 
KpaeM-b,. BBepxy 3y6qaTbie; HŒJiKa nojman hjih noqra nojmaH. 

KjI-feTKH JIHCTa y3KÎH H BbITHHyTbIH, BHH3y UIHpe H nOHTH npHMO- 

yro^ibHbiH, B-b yrjiax-b He p-fe3KO OTJiHHHMbin. Bt> KpbiMy CTepn- 
jieH-b. Ha 3eMjrfe, 6yK. ji., qpe3BbiqaHHO p^ako. 

4. B. velutinum (L.) Br. eur. >KejrroBaTO- hjih CB-bTJio-3e- 

JieHblH AepHOBHHbl, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbïMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH okojio l 1 /, mm. a^ihhoio, 6. h. cepnoo6pa3Hbie, H3i> 
nfiueBHAHaro ocHOBaHin, nocreneHHO JiaHueTHO-3aocrpeHHbie, ct> 
njiocKHM'b h 3y6qaTbiM-b KpaeMi>; auuiKa npoô-feraerb Vi — 3 / 4 jih- 
CTa. KjitTKH ero o^eHb y3Kin h CHJibHO-BHTHHyTbiH. HojKKa 60- 
poAaBHaTan; KopoôoqKa HaKjiOHeHHan, HHueBHAHan, ropôaTan. 

OAHH-b H3T> HaflÔOJI-fee OÔHKHOBeHHblX'b BT> KpbIMy MXOB1», 

5. B. rutabulum (L ) Br. eur. )Kejrro- hjih qHCTO-3ejieHbin 

AepHOBHHbl, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH 

okojio 3 mm. a^hoio, cjiaôo HH36-braiomie, uiHpoKO-HflueBHAHO 
jiaHueTHbie, 3aocTpeHHHe, BorHyTbie, ejie-CKjiaAHarae, cb ruio- 

3 



— 168 — 

CkHM-b h 3y6qaTbiM-b KpaeMi>; acHJiKa 3aKaHqHBaeTCH y cpeAHHbi 
jmcra. KjrbTKH ero BbiTHHyi hh, bt> yniax-b BABoe Kpynirfee, ho 
He p-fe3KO OTJiHHHMhiH. HoatKa 6opoAaBqaTan; KopoôOTKa HaKJio- 
HeHHaa, npOAOJiroBaTan, cjienca ropôaTan h conryTaH. Ha 3eM- 
jrfe, bt> jrbcax-b, oqeHb p-fe^KO. 

6. B. albicans (Neck.) Br. eur, OqeHb phxjihh CB-bTJio-aceji- 
TOBaTO-3ejieHOBaTbiH acphobhhkh, ct> HenpaBHJibHO-pa3B-bTBjieH- 
HbiMH CTeô^HMH. JlHCTb» ao 2 mm. aahhok), cjienca HH36traio- 
mie, nâueBHAHHe h*h OBajibHbie h ôbicrpo y3KO-JiaHixeTHO- hjih 

UIHJI0BHAH0-3aOCTpeHHbie, CJiaÔO-BOJIHHCTbie, Cb U-fejIbHUM-b HJIH 

BBepxy cjia6o-3y6qaTbiMT> KpaeM-b; oKHjiKa 3aKaHHHBaeTCH y cpe- 

AHHH JÎHCTa; JIHCTbH B-feTOKT> U^JIbHOKpaHHie. KjrbTKH JIHCTa y3- 

Ki« h BbiTHHyTbiH, BHH3y noqra npaMoyrojibHbiH, bt> yrjiax-b 
noqra KBa^paTHbiH h uiHpe. Hoaoca rjiaAKaa; KOpoôoqKa HaKJio- 
HeHHan, HHijeBHAHaH, ropôaTan h corHyian. Ha 3eMjrb (rjiaBH. 
o6p.), bi> jrfecax-b, oqeHb p-bAKO. 

7. B. rivulare Br. eur. )KejrroBaTO- hjih qHcro-3ejieHbiH Aep- 

HOBHHbl, Cb ApeB006pa3HO-pa3B-feTB^eHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. JIHCTbH 

AO 2v a mm. ajihhoio, HH36-braiomie, uiHpoKO-HHueBHAHbie hjih 
HÔueBHAHO-npOAO^roBaTbie, KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, chju>ho bo- 
rHyTbie, BAOJib-CKJiaA^aTbie, cb njiocKHM-b h 3y6qaTbiMi> KpaeM-b, 
6. q. Cb yuiKaMH; HŒjiKa npoô-braerb 3a cpeAHHy (ao 3 / 4 ) jih- 

CTa. KjltTKH erO BbITflHyTbIH, BHH3y OBaJIbHO — 6-yrojibHHH H 

KpynH-fee, b-b yrjiax-b oqeHb pbixjibia, np03paqHbia, 6-yrojibHbia 
h KpynHbiH (ao 35 p.). B-b KpbiMy crepHJieH-b. Bt> boa^ h no 

MOKpblM-b M-feCTaM-b, BCIOAy (KpOMt K)}KH. 6.), HO OqeHb p^AKO. 

81. Scleropodium Br. eur. (Hypnum). 
S. purum (L.) Limpr. PbixjiHH ôjrfeAHO- hjih «ejiTOBaTO- 

3eJieHbIH AepHOBHHbl, Cb AOB. ptAKO-nepHCTHMH CTeÔJIHMH, B-b 

H-fecK. cm. aahhoio. JIHCTbH 2 — 2 Va mm. ajihhok), cjierKa HH36-fe- 
raiomie, h3t> cjierKa cyaceHHaro ocHOBama mHpOKO-afiueBHAHbie 
hjih OBajibHbie, cb MajieHbKOîi uihjiobhahoh h HasaA'b OTornyTofl 
BepxyuiKOH, CHJibHO BorHyTbie, cb BBepxy 3y6qaTbiM-b, a BHH3y 
OTBopoqeHHbiMT> KpaeM-b; HŒJiKa npocraa hjih ABOHHaa, aoxoah- 
maa ao cpeAHHbi Jincra. Kji-bTKH ero oqeHb y3Kia h BbiTHHyTbia, 
BHH3y noqTH npHMoyro/ibHbia, bt> yrjiax-b ropa3AO KpynH-fce h 
noqra KBaAparabiH. B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieHi>. Ha 3eMjrfe, bt> jrb- 
cax-b, qpe3BbiqaftHO p-feAKO. 



— 169 - 

82. Scorpiurium Schimp. (Eurhynchium). 

S. circinatum (Brid.) FI. et Loesk. >KecTKÎH HcejiTOBaT03e- 

JieHblH ACpHOBHHKH, Cb Ayr006pa3HHMH (bT* CyX. COCT.) B-feTBH- 

mh. JIhctbh cJierKa H3orHyTbie, eABa HH36-feraiomie, H3i> nfiue- 
BHAHaro ocHOBaHin ^aHueTHbie, BorHyTHe, cb BHH3y cjienca ot- 
BopoHeHHbiM-b h bt> BepxHefi nojiOBHH-fe 0CTp03y6HaTbiM-b KpaeMi>; 
)KHJiKa npoô-feraerb ao 8 / 4 jmcra. KjrfeTKH ero aob. TOJiCTOcrfcH- 

HHH, pOMÔHMeCKÎH HJIH pOMÔOHAaJIbHblH, BHH3y BT> R-feCKOJIbKO 
pHAOBT> KBaApaTHHH HJ1H OKpyrjibin. Bt> KpbIMy CTepHJieHT>. 
K)>KH. 6., AOB. p^AKO. 

83. Cirriphyllum Grout. (Eurhynchium). 

flepHOBHHKH CO CTOJIOHaMH. 

1. JlHCTbH cb ajihhhoh iuhjiobhahoh BepxyniKofi. C. Vaucheri. 

— BepxyuiKa jiHCTa Kopcmcan, y3KOJiaHueTHan ... 2. 

2. JlHCTbH OBajibHO-jiamjeTHbie . . • . . C. velutinoides. 

— JlHCTbH HHueBHAHbie C. crassinervium. 

1. C. volutonoides (Bruch.) FI. et Loesk. )KejrroBaTO-3ejie- 

HblH A^pHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH cjia6o-HH36-feraiomie, OBaJibHO-jiaHijeTHbie, 3aocTpeHHbie, 

Cb 2—4 CJiaÔbIMH CKJiaAKaMH, Cb BHH3y OTBOpOHeHHblM'b H 

KBepxy syÔqaTbiM'b KpaeMi>, BepxyuiKa 6. h. nojiynoBepHyTa; 
}KHJiKa npoô-feraeT-b okojio 3 « Jincra. Kji-feTKH ero CJierKa yTOJi- 

LHeHHblH, y3KÎH H BbITHHyTbIH, BHH3y OBaJIbHO— 6-yrojibHHH, BT> 

yr-iaxT> neqra KBaApaTHbin. B-b KpuMy CTepHJieHT>. Ha cicajrfe, 
bt> ym. riHcapu. 

2. C. crassinervium (Tayl.) FI. et Loesk. )KejrroBaTo- hjih 

qHCT03e^eHHH ACpHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBH^bHO-pa3B-feTB^eHHHMH 

CTeÔJiHMH. JlHCTbH okojio 2 mm, aahhok), CJierKa HH36-feraiomie, 
H3i> HeMHoro cyHceHHaro ocHOBaHin iiiHpoKO-H&ueBHAHbie hjih 
HfiueBHAHO-npoAOJiroBaTbie h cpa3y cyaceHHbie bt> y3KO-jiaHueT- 
Hyio BepxyniKy, cHjibHo-BorHyTbie, ct> 3y6qaTbiM-b h BHH3y ot- 

BOpOHeHHHM'b KpaeMT>, HHOrAa Cb MaJieHbKHMH yUIKaMH; HŒJIKa 

CHJibHan h npoxoAHT-b 3a cpeAHHy jiHCTa. KjrfeTKH ero CJierKa 

yTOJIIUeHHHH, BbITHHyTbIH — pOMÔOHAaJIbHblH, BHH3y nOHTH npH- 

MoyroJibHbiH, bt> yrjiax-b nonra KBaApaTHbin h baboc Kpyim-fee. 
Hoacica ôopoAaBqaTan; KOpoôoqna HaKJioHeHHan, oBajibHan, cjier- 
Ka ropôaTan. y MacaHApcKaro BOAonaAa. 



- 170 — 
3. C. Vaucheri (Br. eur.) FI. et Loesk. Mhkîh acejrroBaTO- 

HJIH CBtTJI0-3eJieHbIH ACpHOBHHKH, C1> HenpaBHJIbHO pa3B-feTBJieH- 

hhmh creôjiHMH. JlHCTbH 2— 2 1 /» mm - Aahhok), HH36-feraK)mie, 
H3i> cyxceHHaro ocHOBamn iiiHpoKO-HfiueBHAHbie hjih no^ra 
OBa^bHHe h cpa3y BbiTHHyTHe bt> AflHHHyio uiHJiOBHAHyio Bep- 
xyuiKy, BorHyTwe, c;ia6o CKJiaA^aTbie, cb cna6o-3y6qaTbiM'b h 
BHH3y OTBOpoqeHHHM-b KpaeM-b; xHoica 3aKaHqHBaeTCH y cpe- 

flHHM JIHCTa. KjI-feTKH erO TOHKOCrfeHHHH, BbITHHyTHH, BHH3y 

uiHpe h Kopone, bt> yrjiaxi> no^ra KBaApaTHbin h baboc Kpyn- 
H-fee. B-h KpHMy crepHJieH-b. B-b By3yjiyirb-xo6a. 

84. Oxyrrhynchium (Br. eur.) Warnst. (Rhynchostegium^ 

Eurhynchium). 

1. JlHCTbH nocTeneHHO- h uiHpoKO-3aocTpeHHbie 0. rusci- 

forme. 
— JlHCTbH cpa3y- h ^aHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie . 0. Swartzii. 

1. 0. rusciforme (Neck.) Warnst. }KejrroBaTO- hjih tcmho- 
3ejieHbiH #epHOBHHbi, C1> BUTHHyTbiMH, pacnpocTepTbiMH CTeÔ^H- 

MH, AO 15 — 20 CM. AJ1HHOK). JlHCTbH 2— 2*/2 mm. A™HOK), HH3- 

6-braiomie, uiHpoKO-HHueBHAHbie hjih OBajibHbie, inHpoKO-3aocT- 
peHHbie, non™ miocide, 3y6naTbie; HŒJiica npoô-feraer-b 2 / 3 — »/ 4 
jincra. Kji'ètkh ero y3Kin, CHJibHO BbiTHHyTbin, bt> yrjiaxi> noMTH 
npHMoyrojibHHH. B-b KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b.' Bt> BOA'fc. oôhkho- 

BeHHO. 

2. 0. Swartzii (Tourn.) Warnst. TeMH03ejieHbiH #epHOBHHbi, 
ci> HenpaBHJibHO-pa3BtTBJieHHbiMH CTeôjiaMH. JlHCTbH okojio 1 mm. 
AJïhhoio, c/ienca HH36-fcraiomie, cepAUeBHAHO-HHueBHAHbie h cpa- 
3y JiaHijeTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, ch njiocKHMi> h 3y6naTbiM'b KpaeMi», 
HŒJiKa CHjibHan 5 He nojraaH. Kji^tkh jmcTa y3Kin h BHTHHyTbiH; 
BBepxy Kopone, B-b yrjiax-b baboc KpynH-fee h no^TH KBaApaT- 
HbiH. Bt> KpbiMy CTepH^eH-b. rio cbipbiM-b M-fecraM-b, Ha HHJiaxi> 
h bt> jrbcax-b, p-feAKo 

85. Eurhynchium Br. eur. 

K;rfeTKH jiHCTa oqeHb y3Kin h CHJibHO BbiTHHyTHH. 

1. JlHCTbH nocTeneHHO-3aocTpeHHbie . 2. 

- JlHCTbH cpa3y y3KO-^aHueTHO-3ao.CTpeHHbie .... 3. 

2. JlHCTbH npoAOJibHO-CKJiaA^aTbie . . . . . E. striatum. 



— 171 — 

— JlHCTbH iviaflide E. Schleicheri. 

3. OcHOBaHie jiHCTa oieHb uiHpoKoe, nonra OKpyivioe. 

E. méridionale. 
OcHOBame ancTa cepAueBHAHO— 3-yrojibHoe. E. striatulum. 

1. E. striatum (Schreb.) Schimp. >KejiTOBaTO- hjih CB'bTJio- 

3eJieHbIH AepHOBHHKH, Cb nOHTH ApeB006pa3HO-pa3B-feTBJieHHHMH 

CTeôJiHMH, ao 10 cm. aahhok). JIhctbh 2 — 2V, mm. aahhoio, 
OTTonbipeHHbie, cjienca HH36-braiomie, H3i> uiHpOKaro cepAUe- 
BH^HO-HfiueBH^Haro ocHOBaHin KopoTKO-3aocTpeHHbie, BorHyTHe, 
BAOJib CK^aA^aTbie, ct> 3y6qaTbiMT> h njioacHM'b Kpaearb; HCHJiKa 
npoxoAHT-b ao 4 / b Jiucra h HHorAa BHCTynae'fb Ha cnHHicb ero 

BT> BH^t IUHnHKa. KjrbTKH BT> yrJiaXT> JlHCTbeB-b nOHTH npHMO- 

yrojibHbiH h babojê KpynH-fee ocrajibH. Bt> KpbiMy CTepHJieH-b. 
Ha 3eMjrb, bt> 6yk. ji., qpe3BbmaâHO p-feAKO, 

2. E. méridionale (Schimp.) De Not. BypoBaT03ejieHHH ao- 

BCMlbHO H<eCTKiH ACpHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-fcTBJieHHbIMH 
CTeÔJIHMH. JlHCTbH 18 mm. A.KHHOK), H3T> uiHpOKaro cepAUCBHA- 

Haro, nomH OKpyiviaro ocHOBamn cpa3y AflHHHO-y3KO-JiaHueTHO- 
3aocTpeHHbie, cjiaôo-CKJiaA^aTbie, 3y6naTbie; acnjuca npoxoAHrb 
3 A — 4 4 «KHCTa h qacTO BbiCTynaerb bt> BHA'fc iiiHnHKa* KjrbraH 

BT> yrJiaX-b JIHCTbeB-b OKpyiVIblH H KBaApaTHHH, TOJIGTOCrbHHblH, 

Bt> KpbiMy CTepHjieH-b. Bt> MacaHAP'fe. 

3. E. striatulum (Spr.) Br. eur. }KecTKin 6ypoBaTO-3ejieHbiH 

AÊpHOBHHbl, Cb nO^TH ApeBOBHAHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH ao lVj mm. ajihhoio, HH36-kraiomie, h3t> cepAUeBHAHO— 
3-yroJibHaro ocnoBaHin ôbierpo jiaHijêTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, cjiaôo- 
CK^aA^aTbie, 3y6qaTbie; aouiKa npoxoAHTi> ao */ t JiHera h Bbi- 
CTynaerb c3aAH Kaicb uiHnHK-b. KjrbTKH bt> yrjiaxi> jiHCTa OBajib- 

HHH HJIH KOpOTKO-npHMOyrO^bHHH, TOJICTOCrfcHHblH. Bl> KpHMy 
CTepHJieH'b. y BOA- TOJIOBKHHCKarO. 

4. E. Schleicheri (Hedw. f.) Lorch. )KejiT03ejieHbiH cnyTaH- 

HblH ACpHOBHHKH, Cb HenpaBHJIbHO-pa3B-feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH. 

JlHCTbH 1 — 17; mm, aahhok), cjierKa HH36-feraiomie, uinpoKO- 
HfiueBHAHO-JiaHueTHbie, ct> syôqaTHM-b h njiocKHM'b KpaeM-b; hchji- 
Ka npoxoAHTi> ao 8 / 4 JiHCTa. Kji-feTKH bt> yrjiax-b jiHCTa Taioice 
y3KÎH h BbiTHHyTbiH. Bt> KpbiMy crepHJieH-b. Bi> By3yjiyK-b- 
xo(5a, 



— 172 - 

86. Rhynchostegium Br. eur. 

Rh. megapolitanum (Brid.) Br. eur. van méridionale 
Schimp. OqeHb phxjihh Manda CB-bTji03ejieHHH ^ephOBHHKH, Cb 

p-fe^KO- H HenpaBH^bHO-pa3B'feTBJieHHbIMH CTeÔJIHMH, JlHCTbH OKO- 

jio 2 mm. ajihhoio, aienca HH36traiomie, imipoKO-HHueBHAHbie, 
y3KO-^iaHueTHO-3aocTpeHHbie, 3y6qaTbie; HŒJiKa npoô-braerb ao 

»/. JIHCTa. KjI-feTKH JlHCTa OHeHb y3KÏH H BHTHHyTHH, BHH3y n04- 

th npiiMoyrojibHbiH, bt> yrjiax-b noHTH KBaapaTHHH h bt> 2—3 
pa3a Kpymrke. Bt> KpbiMy crepHaeirb. Bt> JlacriH. 



3aMtTKa o coôMpamM h npenapHpoBamH mxobi> *)• 



CoÔHpaTb mxh mohcho BcbMH npHHHTHMH cnoco6aMH, yAo6- 
H-fee ace Bcero 6paTb hxt> bt^ KOHBepTbi hjih naKeraKH, Ha koto- 

pbIXT> H OTM-feqaiOTCH yCJIOBÎH MtCTOHaXOMCAeHiH H t. n. JXjih 

CBoefl npocyiuKH mxh Tpcôyiorb TOJibKO cyxoro B03Ayxa, h 6e3i> 
HenpOKjieeHHOô 6yMarH mohcho oôxoAHTbcn bt> 6o;ibiiieH qacTH 
cjiyqaeB-b; TOJibKO aepHOBHHKH, nponHTaHHbin bo#ok), Tpe6yK)Tb 
npeABapHTe^bHaro y^aflemn en npH noMomn Jiencaro npecco- 

BaHJH. 

JXnn onpefl-kjieHisi mxobt> hxt> Heo6xoflHMo CHaqaaa ompe- 
napnpoBaTb. 3to npOH3BO^HTCH ct> noMombio JiaHueTa, napu 

nHHUeTOB'b H HrOJTb H ÔpHTBbl. JlaHIjeTOM'b OTp'fe3aK)T'b KyCKH 

CTeôjiefl HeoôxoAHMofl BejiHHHHbi, a nHHueTaMH h HrjiaMH OTpbi- 

BaiOT-b JIHCTbH H T. A. BpHTBa CJiyHŒTb £JIH npHrOTOBJieHÎH 

MHKpocKonHqecKHx-b cp-fe30B'b **), kotophh jiyqiue Bcero y^a- 
iotch Ha cyxHxi> npenapaTax-b, sameMjieHHbix-b bt> 6y3HHHyio 
cepAUCBHHy. IlpenapaTbi H3CjrfeAyK)TCH sarfeM-b no;vb MHKpo- 
CKonoM-b (ct> yBejiHq. ao 300 pa3i>), 6e3T> KOToparo He;ib3H 
oôoôTHCb npH onpeA'feJieHiH 3HaMHTe;ibHaro ôo^buiHHCTBa MxoB'b. 

OôtacHeme TepMHHOBt. 

AccuMUJMnioHHbifi, ruiacrnuHKu h t. #. — ocoômh 3ejieHbia 
BbipocTbi Ha BepxHefl CTOpcm-fe hœjikh jiHCTa (21, 22, 44, 45). 
EopodaeKu— MajieHbKie MaccHBHbie (He nojibie) BbipocTbi, 

6. H. Ha JlHCTbHX'b (23,6 ) 



*) FloApoÔHOCTH npenapHpoBaHisi mxobt>, a TaKMe hxt» Mop<))OJiorHiecKaro 
h aHaTOMHnecKaro crpoeHia mohcho HaflTH bt> paôorfc A. A. EjieHKHHa: «4>jiopa 
mxobi> CpeAH. PocciH, I". 3a HeflocraTKOMT» Mtcra h orpaHHHHBaiocb mibico 

9THMH KpaTttaftlIlHMH 3aMtqaHÏHMH. 

**) 06i>siCHeHie cnocoÔOBi» npocrbfluiHX'b MHKpocKommecKHxi> paôorb 
mohcho HaflTH B*b ôpouuopict A. f- reHKewi : «MHKpocKon* h ero npHMtHeHie-». 



— 174 — 

EpwiuHbiîi KWbmm HaxoflHTca Ha BepxHefl (ôpiouiHofi) cto- 

pOH-fe HCHJIKH H OTVIHHaiOTCH OTb OCTaabHHX'b CBOeÔ (|>0pM0â 
HJIH Be^HHHHOH (14). 

JjeydoMjmû moxt> ôy.n.eT'b totb, y KOToparo MyaccKie no- 
jiOBwe opraHH o6pa3yioTCH Ha o^HOM-b CTe6;rb, a >KeHCKie Ha 
ApyroM-b. 

KaûMa jiuctz o6pa30BaHa KjrbTKaMH hhoh 4>opMhi (oôhk. 

H BeJIHqHHW), pteKO OTJUWaiOmHMHCH OTT> OCTaJIbHbIXT> KJrfeTOKT> 
JIHCTOBOH njiaCTHHKH (36). Y H'feKOTOpblX'b MXOBT> KaÔMa nOHB- 

jweTCH BCJrfeflCTBie CH^bHaro yToamema Kpaa jmcra. 

KoJlJieHXUMHbWU Ha3bIBaK)TCH Tfe KJTbTKH, y KOTOpblX-b 
CT^HKH BT> yr^aXl> CHJIbHO yTOJHI^eHH. 

KOMHKOÛ Ha3bIBaeTCH CTOJIÔHK'b, npoxoflamift qepea'b KO- 
poôoqKy bt> en ijeHTpt. Meacay kojiohkoô h crfeHKaMH Kopo- 
ôohkh HaxoAHTCH cnopbi. 

KoMauem-opraH-b, npHKpbiBaïomifi BepxyuiKy hjih bck) ko- 

pOÔOHKy. 

Kopa CTeÔJia o6pa30BaHa OAHHM-b hjih H-fecKOJibKHMH pn- 

flaMH TOJICTOCT'feHHblX'b H 6. H. HHa^e OKpaiHCHHblX'b KJTbTOK-b — 

no OKpy^cHOCTH CTe6jia (40). 

KopoôouKa - BepxHHH, cnopoo6pa3yiomaH, pacniHpeHHaH 
qacTb cnoporoHa (1, 3, 5 h t. a.) 

KpuiueHKa npHKpbiBaerb BBepxy OTBepcTie Kopoôomoi ao 
nojiHaro C03p-kBaHia cnopi>, nocjrfe ^ero 6. q. OTna^aerb. 

HapyMCHUH KJlTbmKU HCHJIKH — 6pK)IUHbIH+CnHHHbIH eH KJI-feTKH. 

HapyowHan nopa cre6;iH— cjioh TOHKOCTfcHHbix-b KjrfeTOK'b, 
oôjieraiomHX'b ero KOpy; oôbiKH. ara KjrbTKH HM-kioT'b tohkhmh 
TOJibKO HapyxcHbiH nacra cbohxt> crfeHOK-b (40). 

Hu36jbiaiouiiû jiucmd — TaKOH, y KOToparo Kpaa cnycKaiOTCH 
no creôjno HHnce, nï>wb ocrajibHaH qacTb ocHOBama (34, BHH3y). 

Howcm — hhhchhh, oneHb TOHKaa, qacTb cnoporoHa, nofl- 
aepacHBaiomaH Kopoôo^Ky. 

OôoenoÂbiû moxt> saKjnoHaerb o6a po^a nojiOBbix'b opra- 

HOBT> BM-feCTt, Ha OflHOH H TOH HCe BepXyUIKt CTeÔJIH (34,6). 

IlapaçpujuiaMu Ha3HBaK)TCH (6. q. 3ejieHbia) jihctobha- 

Hblfl, HO Ma^eHbKJH H 6. 1. y3KÎH 06pa30BaHÏH, CHflHmifl Ha 

CTeôjrfe (60). 

IlepucmoMd CH^HT-b no Kpaio OTBepcTin KopoôoqKH. Oht> 
Moacerb 6biTb npocTbiMT>^ ecjm cocTOHT-b H3i> OAHoro pa^a 



— 175 — . 

3y6U0BT>, H ABOÔHblM-b^ eCJIH 3a BH'feUIHHM'b pHAOM'b 3y6uOBT> 

HaxoAHTCH eme oahht>j BHyTpeHHiS. nocjrfeAHift Moacerb cocto- 

HTb H3T> piCHHUeo6pa3HbIX'b HJ1H K3T> HOpMaJIbHHX'b 3y6U0BT>; 

bt> TaKOM-b cjiyqai Meacay ero 3y6uaMH qacTO HM-biOTca eme 
HHTeBHAHHH o6pa30BaHia— p-bcmmbi (10; 45 5 i). 

Pmoudbi — HHTePHAHMH o6pa30BamH CTeôJia, 6. q« ôyparo 
UBtTa. 

Conpoeodumem — MajieHbKÎH TOHKOcrkHHbiH KjrfeTomcH, pao 
nojiaraiomiHCH bt> yrjiax-b Meacay yKa3aTe;iHMH (23). 

COCOHKU — IlOJIbie KOHyCOBHAHbie BbipOCTbl Hapy^KHbix-b 
CT'feHOK'b KJrbTOICb (41). 

CnuHHMR KJiibmm hchjikh HaxoflHTca Ha 3aAHefi ea CTopoH-fe 

H OTJIHHaiOTCH OTT> OCTa^LbHblX'b <J)OpMOfi HJ1H BejIHHHHOÔ (14,3) 

Cmepeudmiû nyuercd xchjikh — rpynna KjrbTOKT> ct> oneHb 

TOJICTbIMH CTtHKaMH H (nOTOMy) ejie SaM-feTHHM-b npOCB'feTOM'b. 

CmoJioHbi — oco6we yTOHneHHbie noô-bra, ct> mcjikhmh h 

6. H. ptAKHMH JlHCTOHKaMH. 

Ynammem— KpynHbin h 6. q. TOJiCTOCT-feHHHH (ho ct> hjh- 
poKHM-b npocB-feTOM-b) KjrbTKH, HAymia no cpeAHH-b h^lh no Bepx- 
Hen (ôpiouiHOii) CTopoH-fe hœjikh : bt> nepBOM-b cayna-fe ohh Ha3. 

CpeAHHHWMH, a BO BTOpOM-b — 6a3aflbHbIMH (23 H 26). 

ycmbUtJj/a KOpOÔOHKH Ha3. nOBepXHOCTHblMH, eCJIH HaXOA^TCH 

B-b KOHCHu-fe en (29) h norpy^eHHbiMH, ecjm HaxoAHTca noAT> 
Heio, TcK-b hto Kpan hxt> He3aM-feTHbi (29). 

Ywko — rpynna KjrfeTOK-b bt> yray HH36-braK)maro Jincra, 

pt3KO OTJIHqaiOmHX-b (|)OpMOH HJ1H BeJHMHHOK) OTT> OCTaJIbHblX-b. 

IJeHmpajibHbiû nynem — npeACTaBJiHerb H3t> ceÔH rpynny 

TOHKOCT'feHHblX'b H OÔblKHOB. MeJIKHX-b KJltTOKT> BT> Cpe^HH^ 

CTeôJiH (16). 

Ulema — KOMnaKTHan hhhchhh ^acTb KopoôoqKH. 

JImohku (nopbi) — MajieHbKiH . yrjiyôjiemH B-b crbHKax-b 

K^-feTOK-b (67). 



^9-@p^ 



B. A. <DOH r b-OpHHepHXCTb. 



330 Bepcrb no CBaHeTM h KaéapAt. 



HepexoflT, nepe3i iieHTpajitHtiË KaBKa3CKii xpeôen, h 
BocxoMAeHie Ha Ka3deKT>. 

Bt> npouuiOM-b 1908-M-b roAy a bt> TpeTM pa3i> nockrajrb 
AOJiHHy Vajolet bï> THpojibCKHx-b AOflOMHTax-b. Bô MH-fe yace 
AaBHO 3apOAHJiocb CTpacTHoe >Kejiame B3o6paTbcn Ha 3HaMCHH- 
thh CBoeio HenpHCTynHOCTbio K))KHbiH 6auiHH (flejiaro, — Craôe- 

Jiepi>-H BHHKJiep'b-TypM'b), HTO H npHBejIO MeHH H3T> CaHKTb- 

yjibpnxa bt> BaiojieTCHyio xmicHHy. K'b Hec^acTbio hjih Ha 
c^acTbe — Ha cjrfeAyiomiH A^Hb nocjrb npnxoAa nouiejrb npojiHB. 

HOH AOHC^b H H3T> BOCXOHCAeHÎH HHHerO He BHIIIJIO, TOJlbKO ABa 

Ahh cnycTH cÔHJiacb 3Ta MeqTa. A noKa npHuuiocb 3HÔHyTb h 
KHCHyTb B3anepTH. TypHCTOB-b ôbiJio MHoro h KOHeqHO nouiJiH 

3HaKOMHTbCH, pa3rOBOpHJIHCb TOMT>, CeMT>... y3HaJIH MOK^y 

npo^HM-b h hto h H3T> Poccîh. « BbiBajiH-jiH Bbi Ha KaBKast ?* 

CnpOCHJIH MeHH, „B-feAb BaM-b He CTOHTb -fc3AHTb Bl> Ajibnbi, Ha 

poAHH'fe Taicifl qyAHbiH ropbi; ecTb Aaace oneHb HHTepecHbin bt> 

CnOpTHBHOM-b OTHOUieHÎH — B03bMHTe XOTH YniÔy!" HaAO K'b 

CTbiAy npH3HaTbCH : h ao T-fex-b nop-b Aa^Ke He 3Ha;n>, hto TaKoe 
yuiôa. TyTT> TOJibKO bt> OTAaJieHHOM-b yrojiK-fe Thpojih BnepBbie 
y MeHH HBHJiacb Mbicjib: He B3iviHHyTb-JiH KorAa-HHÔyAb Ha KaB" 

Ka3T>? HO BOTT> BT> HtWb Ô^Aa. HaCTOHU^HX-b npOBOAHHKOB-b 

Ha BepuiHHbi, KaK-b bt> Ajibnax'b, TaM-b He HaÈra, ôpaTb-ace hxt> 
H3i> A^JieKa oôxoahtch Aoporo. Edb BnpoqeM-b eme OAHa B03- 

MOHCHOCTb — 3T0 SKCKypCÎH BT> COnpOBOHCAeHÎH TOBapHU^eft aJIb- 

nHHHCTOB'b, ho cocTaBHTb TaKyio SKcneAHuiio TpyAHO. KaKOBa 
ôbiJia moh paAOCTb, KorAa bt> Mat c. 1909 r. bt> ynypmjiït H-fe- 
MenKaro h aBerpificKaro KJiyôa a^bnHHHCTOB-b noHBHJiocb o6t>- 
HBJieHie o tomt>, q*ro OAHH-b ôep^HHeu-b Hmei-b cnyTHHKa a^h 



— 177 — 

nyTeuiecTBia bt> ropax-b KaBKa3a. Mh cnHcajmcb, OAHaKO oica- 
3aaocb, hto u-fejib ero He cooTB'bTCTBOBaJia mohmt> h bt> Komvfe 

KOHUOBT> H3*b 3T0r0 HHqerO He BblIHJIO, 3. p-blHHJTb H COeAHHHTb- 

ch ct> ApyrHMH, oahhmt> H3i> KaHAHAaTOB-b 6epjiHHua h ero AByMH 

pOACTBeHHHUaMH. 

ZtoKTopT> (J)HJioco4)iH A. CeniH-b h r-aoi A. Miojibôayap'b 
h E. Kpeficb-— Bcb ypoaceHijH MioHxeHa— BCTp'bTHJiHCb co mhoio 
bt> OAeccb 19-ro îiojih. floKTop-b, yace noôbiBaBuiiâ Ha Bcfex-b 
HHTepecH-feHuiHX'b ropax-b EBponbi, o^eHb oiihthhh ajibnHHHCTb. 
Aa h AaMH MorJiH noxBacTaTbca : OAHa — nepexoAOM-b qepe3i> 
MaTTepropH-b, OpTJiepoM-b— Hochjachgrat, Apyran — BoexoacAe- 
HieM*b Ha Monte Rosa h Ap. Bt> OAeceb mh nocfeTHjm KpHM- 
cko KaBKa3CKiô TopHHH Kjiyô-b bt> ropOACKOM-b CaAy h 6hjih 
OHCHb juo6e3HO npHHHTbi TOBapHiueM-b npeActAaTe^H E. <î>. 
MojiqaHOBbiM-b, a TaKHce oahhmt> h3t> qjieHOB-b copeBHOBaTejieft 
C. KanypHHbiM-b, noKa3aBuiHMT> HaM-b KOJUieKuiH Kjiyôa h KpacH- 

BblH OKpeCTHOCTH TOpOAa. 

SA'bcb-^ce mh 3anacjiHCb iviaBHofl npOBH3ieâ a^ih aKcneAH- 
UÎh, KaK-b KOHcepBaMH, KynHJiH ceô-fe nocyAH h np. IlepenpaBa 
bt> BaTyM-b no MepHOMy Mopio A^HJiacb ivfejibix-b Herape ahh, 
npH TponHqecKOâ acap-fe bt> 43° B-b KaiOTax-b, BCJrfeACTBie nero 
mh y»ce Ha napoxoA'b HcnpoôoBajiH HaiiiH noxoAHbin npHcno- 
coÔJiema npH HoqeBKax-b Ha najiyô-fe. Ha EaTyMCKOH npHCTaHH 
Hacb oxcHAaJia HHTepecHaa Bcrp-fena ct> Tp. MaKaHAapoBHMT» 
HSBicTHHM-b HaM-b yace no onHcamaM-b nyTeuiecTBiâ PHKMepca, 
KOToparo oht> conpoBo^CAajn> bi> CBaHeTiio h Byxapy. Ero bhh- 
MaHie 6hji'o npHBjieqeHO HaniHMH jieAopyAaMH h oht> nojnoôo- 
nHTCTBOBajn> y3HaTb kto mh h KyAa -feA^M-b, nOAOïuejrb h 3aro- 
BopHjn>. TaKoro onbiTHaro h AOÔpocoB-fecTHaro npoBOAHHKa HaM-b 

O^eHb XOT-fejIOCb HM-feTb Cb COÔOH, OAHaKO TOTT* KaTeropHMecKH 
0TKa3aJICH, TaKT> KaK-b ÔhlJVb yXLt araH}KHpOBaH-b 0AHHMT> H3T> 

BaHAepÔH^bTOB-b npoBOAHHKOM-b Ha oxoTy bt> ropax-b. B-b Ba- 
TyMi npoôbiJiH mh HeAO^ro ; BeqepoM-b Toro-ace ahh (24-ro) mh 
H3i> KHinamaro TypKaMH h rpeKaMH ropoAa nepetxajm bt> Ky- 

TaHCb, APCBHIOK) KOJIXHAy. 

B-b nepBbiîi pa3i> nocnt npoAOJiHŒTejibHOH — roBopHT-b 
nojiyTopaM-kcHqHOH 3acyxH — nouiejrb HaKOHeu-b h SA^cb AOHCAb, 
OTpaAHO 0CB-b)KHBuiiH B03Ayx-b, h no-fe3AKa )Kejrfe3HOH Aoporofi 
O^CHBHJia HaiHH qyBCTBa CBOHMT> npiHTHHM-b B-b-rpoM-b. 



— 178 — 

KyTaHca mh aocthivih iio3aho HO^bK); ropoAT> yace npe- 

AaJICH nOKOK), HOCHJIbIUHKOBT> ÔbIJIO TaiCb MaJIO, HTO HaMTi npHin- 

Jiocb OTqacra h caMHM-b TamHTb cboh BemH; cjiaBa Bory eme 
AoeraaH aicHnaarb. KyTaHCCKia kojihckh bcK napoKOHHbw; no- 
qeMy HeHaBicTHO. HecMOTpa Ha noqTeHHHe pa3M-fepbi noB03KH 
ôara^cb HanojiHHJTb ee ao caMaro Bepxy h 6-bAHHft B03HHija, 
ôohbihîhch 3a cboh peccopbi, CA'bJiaji'b TaKoe yAHBJieHHoe h noji- 
Hoe yacaca jihuo, *ito mh xoxoTajm ao yna^a h AOJiro noTOM-b 
BcnoMHHajm ero bt> MHHyTy TpyAHyio, q*ro6bi pa3Bece;iHTb Apyrb 
Apyra. TocTHHHHua „4>paHuia a , KyAa mh HanpaBHJiH cboh croriH, 

OKa3aJIOCb OHeHb CTpaHHO nOCTpoeHHOÔ— ÔOJlbUIHHCTBO KOMHaTTj 
C*b OKHaMH BHXOAHUtflMH BT> CB'klVIHH KOpHAOpT>, He npHMO Ha- 

pyacy. no npHHHH-fe rocnoACTBOBaBineft HenoMtpHOH acapn (Aaace 
M-fecTHHe HŒTejiH acajiOBajiHCb Ha Hee) mh, ABoe Myac^HH-b pac- 
nojioaoïjiHCb HoqeBaTb Ha 6ajiKOHt, bt> HauiHxi> noxoAHbix-b Kpo- 
BaTHx-b, 3aHMCTBOBaHHbix'b ott> npo<|). Mepuôaxepa, H3B-fecTHaro 
H3c^-feAOBaTejiH KaBKa3a h BbicoKoropHOô CpeAHeâ A3iH. HoqeBKa 

nOAT> OTKpblTHM-b He60MT>! KapTHHa AOBOJIbHO opHrHHajibHan ajih 

ryôepHCKaro ropoAa; mh BnpoqeM-b He oahh CTOJib 6e3ijepe- 

MOHHO yCTpOHJIHCb - Ha H-fcCKOJIbKHX-b COCfeAHHXT> ÔaJIKOHaX'b 
BHAHH ÔHJIH nOAOÔHHH-}Ke HAHJUH. MOH CnyTHHKh, MHOrO Ha^H- 

TaBUiincH coqHHemft Mepuôaxepa, Taicb 6e3npeKOCJiOBHO npeKJio- 
HHJiHCb nepeAi> ero aBTopHTeTOM-b, hto HyaŒO ôhjio Hcno;iHHTb 
Bcb coB-feTH ero h peuenTbi nyTeiuecTBia no KaBKa3y. «flap'b 

OTKpHTH JIHCTb" nOSTOMy CA'feflaJICH IViaBHOK) atjibio Bcbx-b Ha- 

niHx-b noMbiuiJieHifi h npeAHa3HaqeHHbix-b Ha Apyroft A^Hb A'bft- 
CTBift. BjiaroAapn ;no6e3HOCTH BHue-ry6epHaTopa mh moivih no- 
jiyqHTb Ha cjrbAyiomiH A^Hb, bt> BOCKpeceHbe, AOKyMeHT-b, orb 
KOTOparo, KaKT> yTBepxcAaJiH HaiiiH AaMH, aojdkho 6hjio 3aBH- 
c*bTb ocymecTB^eHie nepenpaBH qepe3-b rJiaBHbia ropHHH xpe- 
6e*n> KaBKa3a. HyacHO 3aM-feTHTb, qTO npeAnHcaHie 3àHBjiHTb 
BHCuieô aAMHHHcrpauiH o npeAnojiaraeMbix'b BOcxoHCAeHiax'b 
Tenepb yace OTM-feHeHO h npoBOAHHKaM-b He TpeôyeTca pa3p-fe- 
inema ajih conyTCTBÎH TypncTaM-b Ha ropn. Otkphthh jiHcrb- 
ace Jiymue Bcero 6paTb orb HaM-fecTHHKa, BBHAy ôojibinaro 
Kpyra A'kHCTBin. Ha ocHOBamn Tanoro jiHera npioôp-feTaeTCH m. 
np. npaBO HoqeBKH bt> KaHqejiHpiHxi> cejibCKHx-b npaB^emft; Apy- 

rHXTb npeHMymeCTBl>, KpOMt pa3B-fe ÔOJlbllieH OÔXOAHTeJIbHOCTH 

yt3AHOH nojiHuin, oht> noBHAHMOMy He AaeT-b. nporoHHHH ivfeHH 



— It9 — 

3a JioiuaAefi, HanpHM-bp'b, He Ka3eHHHH, a no corjiaujeHiio, KCTaTH 
CKa3aTb oqeHb OAHOcropoHHeMy ! 

BTopan Hama 3a6oTa Toace, Kaicb 6yATO, ôwerpo pa3cbfl- 
jiacb— mw, Heaojiro nacaB-b, HauuiH npoBoacaTaro — nepeBOAqnKa. 
3Ty yc;iyry HaM-b 0Ka3ajn> moh 3HaKOMbiH, KyTaHCCKiâ ropoA- 
ckoB HHH<eHepT> A. M. MHxafijiOBCKiH, peKOMeHAOBaBiuift a^ih 
9toh n'hjin CBoero AecHTHHKa H. J\. M. }Kinejib CBaHexiH, no- 
^yqHBuiift H3BicTHoe o6pa30Bame (oht> y ace 6bun> H^KOTopoe 
BpeMH btj HoBopocciftCKOM'b yHHBepcHTerb), M. Ka3ajiocb npeA- 
craBjiHjrb caMoe ÔJiaronpiaTHoe pasptuieHie Haiiiero 3aTpyAHeHin 
h mu xorkjm 6wjio npHrJiacHTb ero coBepuiHTb Bce nyieniecTBie 
c-b HaMH— qepe3T> CBaHeriio, BaiccaH-b h no Tpy3HHCKOâ Aoporb 

BT> TH(J)JlHCb. HO M. p-felUHJTb COnpOBOHCAaTb HaCb TOJIbKO ao 

Mojiyp-b, cejiemH pacnojioaceHHaro Ha k)5khomt> CKJiOH-fe Jlafijibi, 
qeiviy mm Bnocji-feACTBiH 6biJiH oqeHb paAH, h6o, Kaicb bo mho- 
roMi>, TaKi> h bt> HeMT> CH^bHO pa3oqapOBajmcb. Ott> noKynKH 
MyjioB-b (h maKOB-b) a^h nepenpaBM Bemefl qepe3i> raaBHuft xpe- 
6eTT> Hacb OTroBopHjiH. U-feHa hmt> Bbicoican, pyôjieâ 120, (jio. 
uiaAb- -70) nocji-fe ynoTpeÔJieHia ace hxt> 6hjio 6u TpyAHO npo- 
AaTb, Aa h Hy^KHO BpeMH, croiomee ACHerb. MH-bme MepuÔa- 
xepa, q-ro Ha cbBepHOM-b CKJiOH-fe ott> JiouiaAefi hjih MyaoBT* 
mo>kho OTA'bJiaTbCH Aaace ct> BbiroAOK), He HaxoAHT-b noATBepHc- 
AeHin, Aa kt> TOMy->Ke HM-b He coBepuiHTb nepexoAa qepe3i> 
HaMtqeHHbifl kaMH BeqociciH nepeBajrb. 3aT-bMT> He cjrkAyerb 
ynycKaTb h3t> BHAy, hto Taicb hjih HHaqe HyHCHH npoBOAHHKH > 
3Haiomie M-fecTHbiH Tpanbi, xoth h mohcho opieHrapoBaTbCH no 
KapT% Mepuôaxepa hjih flauiH, ho Bce-ace Jiyquie ; pa3Ao6biBaTb 

CaMHMT> KOpM-b RJ191 HCHBOTHblX'b TOHCe 3aTpyAHHTeJIbHO. HaTOp. 
TOBaBUIHCb BAOBOJIb Cb COAep>KaTeJIHMH nOB030KT>, HaM-b M. Ha- 
HHJTb HaKOHeUT> AHJIHHCaHCb. JIHHCHKy Cb BepXOM'b, Cb TpOHKOK) 

JiouiaAeâ 3a 14 py6. ao Opôejm, HaxoAflmeMca bt> 52 Bep. orb 
KyTanca ; npoB03T> Bemeâ oôouiejica bt> 50 Kon. 3a nyA'b, 26-ro 
»e BeqepoM-b mm npocrHJiHCb ct> coAep>KaTe^bHHueK) tocthh- 
HHUbi, CHMnaTHHHOfl no^cH^OH uiBefluapKOH h HaqajiH ycrpaHBaTb- 
ch Ha yxcacHOH ^HHeflK-b 6e3-b peccop-b ct> c^homi> bm^cto Mnr- 
Karo CHA'bHbH. OAHOMy npHiujiocb ctcTb Ha K03^ax.i>, h sto 
ôbiJi-b KOHeqHO He M. He ycn-fejiH OT-b-fexaTb, KaK-b y^e 3a noBO- 
poTOM-b ocTaHOBKa — HaAO B3B-feiiiHBaTb ôara^KT» y coAep)KaTe^H; 

npHMO Ha yJIHIvfe, 6e3T> ACCHTHqHblX'b B-feCOB-b, KaKHM-b TO co- 



— 180 - 

BepineHHO HcnopqeHHbiM-b AHHaMOMeTpoM-b. LUyMb h ccopa... 
B'bcoBmHK'b ouihôch bt* Hamy nojib3y Ha u-fejiMH nyAT>, noTOM-b 
npHHecjiH ^ecflTHqHbie Btcbi h qepe3i> noanaca npoueAypa koh- 
qHJiacb MHpoMT3. A Mbi T'feM'b BpeMeHeM-b HacJiancAaJiHCb apôy- 
30mt>, KynjieHHHMb Tyrb-ace. y ace CTeMH-fejio, Kor^a mh Bnery- 
nHJiH H3i> KyTaHca. Bo3HHua 3aHcerb HaAT> HaB'bcoM'b KepocH- 
HOByio JiaMny 6e3T> UH/iHHApa, ocBimaBinyio TOJibKO Hacb, ho 
HHqyTb He Aopory, h noMqajiHCb Aajibine. 9to xapaicrepHan 
qepTa KaBKa3ueBi> — ohh b^ho roHHiorb jioinaAeft bo bck), — 
Koraa caMH CHAHTb. HeonbiTHHH MajibqHicb Haci> He pa3i> qy-rb 
He BbiBepHyjrb Ha KpyToft CKJiOH-b Ôepera PioHa, h He npeMH- 
Hyjrb sa^Tb KOJiecoM-b npcb3»caBuiiH mhmo SKHnaacb. Bjiaro- 
Aapa BAOXHOBeHiio CBbiiue, M-me M. couuia nocMOTp-feTb He cjio- 
Majiocb jih KOJieco h CA'kJiajia oTKpbiTie, hto oho He cjiOMa^o, 
ho H-fecKOJibKO MHHyT-b cnycf h couijio 6bi c-b och h mh 6bi oqy- 

THJIHCb BT> OqeHb HenpiHTHOM-b nÔJ105KeHiH. BCKOp-fe Me^bKHyJlH 

oroHbKH BoeHHaro Jiarepn. He cmotph Ha CKOpocTb ^ah mh 
Bce ace - no mhjiocth pa3HHXT> npHKJHoqemH— -bxajiH aojiixk Bt> 
nojiHOHb TOJibKO nprbxajm bt> HaMOXBaHH, Ha 21 -h Bepcrb orb 
ropOAa, 3aui^H bt> KaHuejiapiK), ta^ nocnajiH qaca 4 ao pas- 
CB-feTa Ha AepeBHHHbix-b Hapax-b h nycTHjmcb CHOBa bt^ nyTb, 
HCKycaHHbie HacfeKOMHMH. 

Bt> 14-th BepcTax-b - MeKBeHa, HOBan CTaHuin OceraHCKofi 
AoporH. TyT-b no 6jih30cth, roBoparb, ôorarae 3ajiencH jihto- 
rpacJ)CKaro KaMHH (6jiH3-b HaMoxBaHH-ace AOÔHBaeTca ôapHTb) 
Bt> AyxaH'b mo5kho AOCTaTb BCHKyio npOBH3iK), qTO mh He aa- 
MeA^iHJiH CA'fejiaTb. nocTeneHHO npHpoAa CTaHOBHTca bhcoko- 
ropHOâ; KpacHBbie yTecbi OKpyacaiOT'b ôepera; no piicb — He 
CMOTpa Ha CTpauiHyio ôbicrpoTy TeqeHin — orb BpeMeHH ao Bpe- 
MeHH npoJieTaioT-b njiOTbi, ynpaBJineMne moRhMu. KapTHHbi — 
njieHHJiH B3op-b, a npeKpacHan noroAa eme B03Bbiuia;ia KpacoTy 
h BOcnpiHMqHBOCTb kt> BneqaTJi-kHiHM-b. rio BceMy nyTH mu He 
BCTp-feqajm ôojibine ymeaifi TaKOH KpacoTbi, BejiHqin h ahkocth 
KaKi> SA^Cb. rio Aoporfe bt> A^bnaHbi *), rA'fc, BepcraxT> bt> a^- 
chth ott> MeKBeHbi, Piom> npoTeicaerb Kaicb-6bi qepe3T> orpoM- 



*) npHMtq. Ha 10-TH-BepcTHofl Kaprfe reHepa^bHaro unaôa A^bnaHU He 
OTMtqeHo. Booôme bt> Heft MHoro HeToqHocTefl-TaK-b ce^. Ma3epH noKa3aHo Ha 
jieAHHKt, h a m a Aopora oti> Ma3epH kt> BeqocKOMy nepeBajiy HMteTi» HeBtpHoe 
HanpaB^eHie: OHa AOJDKHa npoAOJDKHTejibHoe BpeMH hath ct> BOCTOKa Ha 3anaAT>, 
KpyTo noBopaqHBas 3aTtMi> Ha CBBepi»; ropa IIJexHJibAH He OTMtMeHa h t. a. 



- 181 - 

Hofi BbicoTH m-ejib, orpaHHqeHHyio ci> 3ana^a ropoô XBaiMH. 
HHTepecHM h hc AypHbi Ha bhat> BCTp^HaFomiecn TyTT> BbicoKie 
BHcaqie mocthkh, cocTOHmie h3t> nJieTeHKH, noAB'buieHHOH kt> 

AByMl> TOHeHbKHM'b npOBOJIOKaMT>. 3T0 CMfcjIblH coopyscema npH 
CTOJIb ÔOJIbUIOH UIHpHH-fe p^KH H npH XOAbÔt nO HHMT> OHH Ka- 

naiOTCH bo BC-fe ctopohh TaKi>, hto He BCHKOMy npHxoAHTCH no 
BKycy. Ho HaM-b HHH'feM'b He 6ujio cyacAeHO Hac/iaHCAaTbCfl 6e3- 
MHTeHCHo : BApyn> 3aM-feqaio, hto HeAOCTaerb Moero qeMOAaH- 
^HKa ; BepeBKH pa3T>-fexa;iHCb h oht> ocTajica Ha Aoporb.,. Moacerb 
ÔHTb yace yKpaACH-b! BHyTpw ace ôhjio bcc CHapaflceme rjir 
ropi>: koihkh, CH-feroBue oôpyqn, omcH, inepcTHHaa OAeacAa ; oa- 
hhmtj oiobomt>, OTKpbiBaBuiancH nepcneKTHBa 6huia Ta, hto Bce 
npeAnpiHTie Moe KaHyao bt> BOAy. fl OTnpaBHjrb B03HHuy 06- 
paTHO Ha noHCKH 3a ô-feivibiM-b. CnycTH 30 THHcejibixT> MHHyrb 
6e3noKOHCTBa oht> Top^KecTByn noHBHJica H3i>-3a noBOpOTa ct> 
AOporofl HOineS bt> conpoBoacAemH KaKofl-TO HceHmHHH, noA- 
HHBuiefi neMOAaH-b h CHa^ajia cnpHTaBuieâ ero bt> KycTaxT>, ko- 
Topyio eMy OAHaxo yAa;iocb cKJioHHTb kt> co3Hamio ofi-femaHieM-b 
H3BtcTHaro B03HarpaHCAeHiH. flajibH-feHiuiH nyTb ao A;ibnaHT> 
(17 b. OT-b MeKBeHbi) nocTeneHHO Tepnerb cboio rpaHAio3HOCTb, 
nepexoAH bt> ocoôeHHOcra yace nocn-b 3Toro cejiema, bt> cto- 
poHy ott> OceTHHCKOH Aopora Ha OpôejiH (bt> 10 BepCTaxi), 
bt> xojiMHCTyio AOJiHHy. M-feHaeTca h xapaKTepi* HacejieHHOCTH; 
yace He Bcrp'feqaeM'b AyxaHOB-b, jnoAeâ noMTH He bhaho — HanH- 
HaeTCH rjiyuib. Bi> caMHx-b AjibnaHax'b seMjiCA'feflie Ha cpaBHH- 

Te^LbHO BblCOKOH CTyneHH pa3BHTiH, OKpeCTHOCTH HCe COBC'feM'b 

Majio oôpaôoTaHbi, jmuib Koe-rA^ BHAH-feeTCH KyKypy3a, Aaace 
jiyraMH Majio no;ib3yK)TCH, a cbBepH-fee, kt> CBaHeTiH, npnMO- 
TaKH yAHBJineuibCH H'feM'b jiioah acHByrb. JlaHAHia^T-b He3aAOJiro 
AO OpôejiH cjienca HanoMHH;n> MH-b rapojibCKifi Eggental. KaKi> 
TaMT>, nyTb npojioaceH-b M-fecTaMH bt> cT-feHax-b CKa^rb, KOTOpbix'b 
noBHAHMOCTH KOCHyjmcb pyKa TexHHKa h B3pHBqaTHH Beu^ecTBa. 
Bt> OpôejiH 3aHHMaiOTCH BHHOA'bJiieM'b, no KpaHHefi Mtp-b mh 
Taivi-b BHA'bJiH MHO>KecTBO BHHorpaAtfHKOB-b. KaHuejiapiH Haxo- 
AHTCH no Ty CTopoHy ptHKH JlHAxeaHypH, qepe3T> KOTopyio 
nepeKHHyTM ABa 6peBHa— the great Leedshanuri — bridge. Crap- 
iiJHHa Hacb npHHH^i> oneHb ^K)6e3HO h a^h nymeô Ba^cHOCTH 

HaA'bJl'b CBOK) Utnb. Pa31>HCHHTbCH CT> MtCTHHMH HCHTejIflMH, 

CBaHeTaMH, no pyccKH He^b3H; bt» ôojibuiHHCTB'fe c^yqaeB-b h 



— 182 - 
cejibCKie crapHiHHH KpOM-fe CBoero H3bnca He 3Haïorb Apyrorô, 

3aTO OÔbIKHOBeHHO BJiaA'felOrb pyCCKHM-b nHCbMOBOAHTCJIH, Ha 

KOTopbix-b jityKHT-b o6«3aHHOCTb H3roTOBJiHTb j&jiOBHîi 6yMara. 
ripn Bceft MHncocTH oôpamemn h OKa3aHHoft AOôpOHceaaTeJib- 
nocTH o^HaKO, oôcTaHOBKa ceabcicaro npaBaemH Bce-TaKH ocra- 
eTCH Maao npHBiTJiHBOH. Ha Hoqb ayqiiie q-bM-b Ha noay, CKa- 
MeâKi hjih Ha crojrfe He ycrpoHTbcn. HaKpanbiBaBmiâ aohcahki> 
Toace KbAcTBOBanrb yApy^aiome h 6hjio Maao HaAe»AH na hc- 
Hyio noroay, ho Bce »e mm 3aica3ajiH Ha Apyroe yTpo AByx-b 

BbK)qHbIXT> JIOUiaACH H CTOJlbKO Hte BepXOBblX-b, Ha KOTOpbIXT> 

p-feuiHJiH cHA^Tb nonepeM'bHHO Bcb nsrrepo, ao JleHTexH. FIjiaTa 
3a jiouiaAb ct> npOBOAHHKOMT>, ecJiH He oiLHÔaiocb, 3 py6. Ha 
BbioHHHH, xoth OH-fe h MajieHbicaro pocTa, MOHCHO Harpy3HTb 
ny^OB-b 4 — 5. Bt> nepBbift pa3T> 3A^Cb HameMy AOKTOpy C. 
npHiHJiocb nycTHTb bt> xoat> b3hthh Cb coôoh Hapoqno ajih 
pa3Aaqn jieqeÔHbiH jieneuiKH, Taôaiob h np. riepeAT* orb-k3AOM'b 
(28-ro) eiue Top»ecTBeHHO c4)OTorpacJ)HpoBajiH BJiacrb npe^ep- 
acamyio cb KaHuejiflpieio h nyô^HKoS h TpOHyjmcb bt> nyTb. 
HanpaBJiHHCb bt> AOflHHy UxeHHCb-Uxajra mh Bbiôpajm ÔJiHncaô- 
uiift h 6ojrfee HacejieHHHfi npoxoA'b kt> Jla-rnapcKOMy nepeBajiy; 
BneqaTjrfeme KOTOpoe nojiyqaeTCH H3i> 10-BepcTHOfi Kapra, 6yA- 
to qep. AncBapH (BocToqH'be) ôjiHace, HeB-fepHO. npofiAH ct> Bep- 
CTy— HOBoe npHKJnoqeme ct> ôaraaceM-b. OnnTb-TaKH njioxo cbh- 
3a;iH noKJiaxcy, jieAopyôbi cABHHyjmcb h Haqajm meKOTaTb jio- 
uiaAb; Ta Hcnyrajiacb, KHHyjiacb bt> CTOpOHy h bott> Bce nojie- 
T-fejio... Ha cqacTbe He bt> nponacTb, ho nojiaraio, TOJibKO noTo- 
My, qTO en SA'bcb He 6hjio. 

Ha pa3CTOHHiH MOHceT-b 6biTb ceMH BepcTi>, nocjrb Heôojib- 
uioro nepeBajia, pacnoaoflceHO Mypa — KOMn;ieKCb H'fecKOJibKHX'b 
ABopoB-b c-b AyxaHOM-b, coBcbM-b 6jih3ko ott> UarepH, TA^ 3KH- 
BeTT> JleqxyMCKift y-fe3AHbifl HaqajibHHicb. B-b MtcTeqKO mh He 
3a-fexajiH; HaqajibHHK-b HaxoAHJicn Ha peBH3in bt> cfeBepHOft CBa- 
HexiH, a noAKpinHTbCH mohcho 6hjio h SA^Cb, xoth 3anpocHJiH 
Cb Hacb H3pHAHO. Ceflqacb 3a MypH AOJiHHa cpa3y ci>y}KHBaeT- 
ch bt> 3(J>4)eKTHoe ymejibe no AHy KOTOparo npQTeKaeTi> Uxe- 
HHCb-UxajiH, a qepe3i> Hero nepeKHHyTb ^erKiâ jKejitsHMH 

MOCT-b. 3T0 MypH ÔbIJIO nOCJI'feAHHM'b OTÔJieCKOM'b w UHBH^H3a- 

Uîh" Ha Hauiewcb nyTH, xoth ynce cb BH-b3AOMi> mi* KyTaHca 
Haarb He npHXOAHJiocb ôojibiue BHA'bTb h xjiiôa, a TO^bKO Ka- 



— 183 — 

kîh-to JienëiiiKH h3T> HënponeqeHHaro JWMeHHaro rkera, Henpir 
hthhh Hâ BKycb h HeanneTHTHbiH; MOJiOKa BOBce mirR-b He Aa- 
lOT-b h cxBa^eHbiâ iuauuibiK-b ôojibinaa p-fe^KOCTb bt> GBaHeTiH, 
3aTO Bea^t céTb ubinjiHTa h nfiua. Bt> HauieM-b npoBiaHrfe Ha- 
XbflHJiHCb BnpoqéM-b cyxapH, ôhckbhti» ^Capitaine" h Aaace 
uiBeACKifi nyMnepHHKejib bt> acecTHHKax'b-nocji'bAHiâ jxjih boo- 

XOMCAGHift. BbIJIH MHCHHH KOHCepBbl, 6yJIbOHHb.e 9KCTpaKTbI, CBOH 

qafi h caxap'b. Bt> ocoôeHHOCTH caxapoM-b arbAyerb 3anacaTbca 
me^po: H-bf-b HHqero jiyqnie nan c-b caxapoM-b ajih ycTajiaro 
hjih npOAponiiaro nyTHiika— roBopHTb Mepu6axep-b; hhta& no 
Aoporfe ero He;ib3H ôhjio nojiyqHTb, TaioKe h KepocHHy, ao ca- 
Mara ypycôieBa. Be3KôHeqHoft KatfœTCH AOpora- bt^ JleHTexH> 
6e3KOHeqHOH BCjrbACTBie cBoero OAHOo6pa3ia h OTcyTCTBin ajib*- 
nificKHX'b bhaobtj. Topbi Kpyroivrb AOBOJibHO bhcokîh, ho crrjiouib 

nOKpHTbT paCTHTeJIbriOCTbK), H-feT-b npHKOBblBaiOIUHX'b B3r^5ÎAT> — 
He TOJIbKO aJIbnHHHCTa — AHKHXT> CKàJTb H CH-brOBblX-b BepUIHHTî: 

y ace Beqep-fejio, Kor^a mh noAomjiH ki> u%jih; moh iuaroM-kp'b 
noKa3ajn> CBbime 50200 m. (= 33 l /2 BepCTbi ?) ott> OpôejiH. 
Mtoôh nonacTb bt> KaHuejiapiio, HaAO BbiôpaTb nyTb cjrkBaorb 
xojiMa, ctosimaro icaic-b 6u Ha nepeicpecnck cxoahidhxch SA^Cb 

AOJIHH'b, Ha KOTOpOM-b BHAH-felOTCH paâBaJIHHbl ApCBHHrO 3aMKa. 

3a 3thmt> xojiMOM-b h pacnojioaceHO ôojibiuoe, ho pa36pouieH- 
Hoe cerieftie JleHTexH. 

Mepes'b noTOk-b JlaKcaHypbi H-ferb 1 HHKaKoro HCKyccTBeH- 
Haro cpeACTBa coodiuema, ho HaiiTH 6poAT> ne TpyAHO. 

y ace AaBHO HaKpanbiBa^-b AOHCAHicb; kt> Beqepy He6o cob- 
C'bM'b 3aBOJiOKJio h Ha Apyroe yTpo riaivrb npe^CTOHJio noMOK- 

HyTb, He 3aiUHTHJIH H „HenpOMOKaeMbIH a HaKH^KH. MbI Cb ÔOJIb- 

uihmt> TpyAOM-b pa3Ao6bWH Bcero 3 JiomaAH a^h AaJi'bH-feHuieH 
iiëpènpaBbi bi> HojiypT>; Ha AByxi* HaBbiOHHJM noKJiaacy, à Ha 
TpeTbio ycfejicfl... Haun» TOJiMaMT> H.! EMy „cjia6oe 3AopoBbe a 
(no HauieMy jrfeHb) He no3BO^HJio MHoro xoAHTb n-feiiiKOM'b; Aa- 
Hce CHJibHaH rojiOBHan 6ojib oahoh h3t> cnyTHHu-b He noôyAHJia 
ero ycTynHTb HaHHTyio HaMH jiouiaAb. Bi» npeA'fcjiax'b cejiema 
mw uijih qepe3T> oah* ;iy>KH, BCKop-fe OAHaKO, naca ABa cnycTH, 
noroAa nponcHHJiacb h OTKpbuiHCb AOBOJibHO mh^obhahhh kàp- 

TMHbî OKpy5KaK)Ul,eH M-ÈCTHOCTH. BblCIHHX-b xpeÔTOB-b Jlafijibi (ao 

4Ô10 m.), orpaHHqHBaiomeH ci> cbsepa Hamy AOJiHHy UxéHHCb — 

UXa^lH, He 6bIJ10 BHAHO, JIHUIb qyTOHKy pa31> 3aM-feTHJIH CH-feiKHOe 

4 



— 181 — 

tiHTHO Ha CKaaax'b. T-feM-b nopa3HTejibH-be, BnpoqeMT* noTOMT>, 
nocjrb AOJirHXT> oacHAamâ, BneqaTjrkme ct> nepeBaJia qepe3i> 
CBaHeTCKiâ xpeôerb. Ha CKJiOHax-b ropi> ôoraTan pacraTeab- 
HOCTb jrfeca, npeHMymecTBeHHO jmcTBeHHaro, q-ro Hact He- 
Ma^o nopa3HJio. MicTaMH Moryqie BOAonaAH. Bott> Ha- 
KOHeu-b h nocejiKH Mojiypa, Jieacamaro Ha jrbBOMT> ôepery 
P^kh, xy^a mu nepeuiJiH Ha nyTH; oht> pacKHHyjica Ha 
npoTH»eHiH napbi Bepcrb h HaAO npo&ra qepe3i> nopHAoqHyio 
rpynny AOMHKOB-b nona He nonaAeuib bt> „KaHuejiHpiio". He 
AOxoah ao He» aomt> ivrfccTHaro yqHTe^H. CevibCKia npaBjiema 

JterKO y3HaTb H3A2JIH; OHH BCfe HM-felOTb Ha JIHJjeBOH CTopcm-fe 

naomaAKy BAOJib Bcero AOMa, OKpyHceHHyio nepn;iaMH. nepeAi> 
nocTpofiKOô ctohjih Ha npHBH3M qeTbipe jiouiaAH; KaKi> HaMT» 
cefiqacb cooômHJin, Ha HHx-b npi-fexa^H ôy^TO qepe3i> JlanapcKifl 
nepeBaji-b^ ABa MKwxeHCKHX'b ymnenn (r. Ajibôeprb h ApeHAi>?) 

CT> npOBOHCaTblM'b H3T> O^eCCbl, He 3HaBUIHMT> TaK)Ke Ty3eM- 

Hbix-b Hap-bqifi. Pa3CKa3i> o6t> 3tomt> hxt> nepexoA'b ct> jio- 
niaAbMH qepe3T> nexh h CHir-b He BHyuiHjrb HaMT> ôojibiuoro 
AOB-fepia h Booôme Haui-b Boeropnb no cnyqaio Bcrp'bqH ct> 
eBponefiuaMH CKopo oerburb; oômenie ct> hhmh orpaHHqH/iocb 
noBepxHOCTHbiM-b pa3CKa30M-b OTKy^a h KyAa oô-fe napTÎH ot- 

npaB^HIOTCH, npHqeM'b MbI y3HaJIH, qTO 3T0 OHH, KOTOpHX'b 

roBopHJiocb yaœ bt> MiOHxeH-fe, ôy^TO ABa TypHCTa coÔHpaiOTCH 
npo^KHTb Ha jieAHHKax-b floHrycb-opyHa hjih 3;ib6pyca, noKyAa 
He noflMaïOT'b KaKoro-TO p^AKaro MOTbiJibKa. Hmt> A'kficTBH- 
TejibHO yAa^ocb AoexaTb MOTbyibKa h eme pa3HbixT> HacbKO- 

MblX-b, Ha KOTOpHX'b OHH OXOTHJIHCb, BT> qeMT> MH MOIVIH yÔt- 

AHTbCH pa3CMaTpHBan Tpo(j)eH, TiuaTe;ibno xpaHHMbie bt> ctkjihh- 
Kax-b. Ho, HaAO 6hjio noAyMaTb o cyuiK-fe oachcah h yiKHH'fe. 
Mocbe M. npeAnoqeji-b CHA'feTb nepeA'b 3aHQKeHHbiM , b oqaroMi>, 
H'bM'b noMoraTb HaMi» h Ha moh Bonpocb, Hauiejrb jih oht> y^ce 
Aflfl Haci>, KaKT> oôiuxaji-b, npOBOAHHKa-nepeBOA^HKa h hto ct> 

nHCbMOMT> KT> KHH3K) flaAeUJKHJliaHH BT> 9E[epH 5 KOTOpOMy OHT> 

Ao^xceHT> 6wjit> Hac-b OTpeKOMeHAOBaTb, Haun> Cicérone ct> Ha- 
nycKHHM'b yAHBJieHieM-b, nocMOTp-feji-b Ha MeHH h Aep3KO otb*- 
TH^-b, qTO HHKorAa h He AyMajrb HHqero oô-bmaTb. Tyrb yxce 
Tepn-feHie ^onHyjio h h ero HacToflqHBO nonpocnji-b noKHHyTb 
Hacb HeMeA^ieHHO, kt> BejiHKOMy oropqeHiio crapuieô cnyTHHmj, 
KOTopan eme AOJiro npHJiara;ia BC-fe CTapaHiH npHMHpHTb Hacb, 



- 185 — 



6oîicb ocraTbCfl ôpoujenHOH na np0H3B0jrb ty&h6u, Hacb yrfe- 
majia Mhicib, hto B-fe^b CMorJiH Apyrîe rypHCTH, MK>nxeHH,b!, 
nponyTeiuecïBOBaTb no CBancriH HM-fea jiHiiib pyccKaro nepe- 
BOA^HKa cb co6oh* H B'b npaeAy, h3mt> npeKpacHo yAajiocb 
cjiaAHTb geai* TaKoii noMontH, 

3ïy Hoqb, uu npoBejiH KaKi> h Apyrifl He pasA^Bancb, a 
Hao6opOT-b HaA r bBaa emc nopepx'b ahcbhoh oAeacAbï TenJiyio, 
noTOMy 4to Be3^% cwpo m xojioaho: bt> srofi JKe KaHue/mpJH 
BAoôaBOKi, 6kuw BHÔHTbi cTeKJia OAHOro oKHa h mm ero npn- 
KpbiviH HaH^eHHbtMiï raivrb me oAtanoM-b; ^uu nonm m cnajiH, 
GoHCb» mto M, npoSepeTca hûhmq icb oiaiy h sacrp^/uirb Mettal 

He cMOTpa Ha orOHb, HaiiiH 
qyjiKH, pa3B r biueHHbie nepe^T> 
KaMHHOMij, eme h yiponrb 6u- 
JIH MOKpbi; Ha^BaTbxaKifl Be- 
luh npeACTaBJiafo cojviHHTe^b- 
Hoe y£OBG.flbCTBie ? oAHatto 
c^tAosa-ao TOponHTbCfi. flBt 
jioruaAH, KOTûpbJx-b mhi yme 
c-b BeqepanosaôoTîuiHCb, npn* 
ôbtJtH Cb nacTÔHm'b Cb ne- 
ôn,ibnjHM'b ono3AaineM'b h 
Borb, 30 ifOJiH, paeo yTpoM-b, 
uam-b KapaBast Tponyjicn 
iT'buiKOM'b no HanpaBTOHÎio kii 
JlauiKeTaMii* HenoAajieicy orb 
Mo/iyp'b npoxoAHM-b mhmo Ma- 
A^Hifl KHîissî FapAaôxaAse, ki* 
KOTopoMy M, notxajrb ro- 

CTMTb. 3aMOK'b KHH3H M3JIO CO- 

OTBtTCTByeT'b npeACTaBJieniK) 
eBponeAcKOMii xcujimirb th- 
Ty^ioBaimoH ocofifci. Ha bhm^ sto tott* ace Kpecrbsmcidft xy- 

TOp^ CBaiieTOBli Cb THBHHHOft fiailIHCH; CJiymHBIlieil KNfb H*k- 

KorAâ A^fl 3amBTH orb nanaA€HÎft BpasKACâHbixii rmeMeirb. Ao * 
pora CKOpo cHOBa nepexoAurB Ha npasbiâ fiepepb, BeAcrb qe- 
pe3ii acHBoniicHoe cérame JlyAHCb, (cm. $ômotp+) a CKOpo 
Ha^HHaerb noAHHM^TbCH, Bce Bbime h BHiue. Ha BOCTOttfe bha- 

HtCTCfl CCJIO JlamK'CTbtj B*b KOTOpOM'b H0Jtb3yï0TCfl MHHepajib- 




Ci-Jk'iiîe Jlynwb, 



HUMH BoaaMH h KynaHiHMH; KOHenno bt> npHMHTHBHtiiuieM'b bu* 
A^, He Ha noAOâïe KBOioBOACKa m np. HypopTOBT*. 

CnaqaJia npoxoAHMTî ^epea-b rycroft ji-bct* eb îKyp^amwMH 
BHH31. no CKJiOHy pytibîîMH; noro^a cosepmeHHo acnas; ik> 
yxpoMii, npoxjiaAHaîï, ona TaKi> h no/iôoflpflerb kt> npOHB/ieh 
chjim h Mbi xpaôpo waraeM'b. Ci* yaejimeHieM'b Bbico™ nene- 
saioT-b nocxencHHo AepeBbfi H H aun> ny-Tb orojiïieTCH, Aaoasi 
cojnmy nacb ne^b ôea-b Bcmcaro MHJiocepAisL Ha stoh reorpa- 
tJumecKoft uiuporb rajiyqeme ya<e o^enb rajibHO Aaace bt> 2000 m. 

H CnOCOÔHO nOpflAO^HO nOA>KapBTb KOîKy CfeBepflTTHHa. Mirb 

npiuu/iocb Hcnb^Taib BJtiflHie cojiHemtbix'b jiy^efi na ce6*B: r^t 

no;ifl uljihitm ne Gpocajm T-fc- 
nu na uieio, ona ott> H%CKOJib- 

KHXT> «iaCOBT» CBtTa nOKphl- 

Jiacb {j)opMeiiHB3MH oatoraMH. 
Ha OTKOcaxii, Hepeai> koto- 
pbie Bejia Hauia TponHHKa» na- 
cjihcb cTa^a KOpOB^j npHAa- 
BaBmie hmt> OTneqaTOK'b a,;ib- 
himckoh KyjibTypbï; BOofime 
naiin* KapaBaiiiï qyBCTBOBaji'b 
noA^eM-b ayxa m 6burb wh Be- 

OM*b HaCTpoeHiH 00 IipH- 
MHH B H36aBJteHIM OTT> M. (KCTa- 

th OKpemeHHaro waMM no 6a- 
BapcKH «Bazi*) h B-b omHAa- 
niu jiMueaptTb naKoiïeivb to 
uacTûjimÎH ropHbia rpOMaA^i. 
Bepcrb 14 mu wjm on» cejia 
Mojtyp'b, M^ciaMH no cepnen- 

Awanra-Tay cb Jlatunapcicaro nepeeajia THHaM'b, JXQ nept!B<uid, yme 
Dit 18-th Bepcrax-b orb «ero. noxOJIOAtBluiH B03Ayxl> Ha- 

xoah^ich TaM-b tia Bepxy bt> 
CH^bHOM-b ABHmeniH B nacb oÔAaJio raKOfl npoxjiaAOH, hto 
najibUH KOqentjiH, SaCTbTjiH h qeTbipe cepAUa flpbix-b ajibiiHHH- 
CTOB*b t no He or-b xojioa** a OTb BOCTopra. Mbi cxofljiM na JlaT- 
napcKOMi> nepeBajrt B-b 2830 m, mat» yp, m. {cm. ç/bomozp.) 
caMOMi» EH3K0irb h yAoÔHOMij nepexoA* Hepe3'b CsaHe-T- 
CKifi xpe6erb, Jlamy* Ohis cBoôGAen-b ott* CH%ra Mtcsua 




— 187 — 
ABa bt> roay h bt> ary nopy He noRpurb hmt>. Bhcokhxt> sep- 

UIHHT> CaMOH JlaHJIH OTClO^a TOHCe He BHAaTb, 3aTO ÔTKpHBaeTCH 

Be^HMecTBeHHan naHOpaMa ôojibineft qacra rjiaBHaro xpeÔTa ott> 
yinÔM (4698 m.) ao AfijiaMbi h 4>K)THaprHHa. Ha nepeAHeM*b 
miaH*fe npHKOBHBaeTi> Bsopt qyAHan CHiacHaa impaMHAa Ter- 
HyjibAa (4853 m.) h flacaHra-Tay (5051 m.), MeacAy kotophmh 
cnycKaeTCH rpOMa^HbiH ;ieAHHKT> A^hui^; AaJibine HanpaBO — 
Ulxapa-Tay (5184 m.). IXknasi BepeHHua Ko;ioccoB'b, cpeAH ko- 
Topbix-b noqTH Bcb 3HaHHTe^bHO npeBocxoAHT'b Bbiciuin ropu 
EBponu, BHAHa Kaicb Ha JiaAOHH h nopaHcaerb cbohmh pa3M*fe- 
paMH, HecMOTpn Ha ôojibinoe pa3CT05raie, KOJie6;rameecH ott> 
18 ao 36-th Bepcrb no npHMofi jihhîh. Kt> coHcajrfeHiio oÔJiaica 
CKpbiBa^H to Ty, to ApyryK) qacrb, He AaBan bo3mo)khocth ne- 
peBecTH bcio npejiecrb npHpOAbi Ha njiacTHHKy. 

CnycTHBiuHCb ria H-fecKOJibKO uiaroBi> bhh3t> no cfeBepHOMy 
CKJiOHy, ta^ B-feTep-b He Taicb oÔAaBajrb, mh npHcfe-JiH HeMHoro 
noAKp'fenHTbca h OTAOXHyTb. KaKOB-b ace 6hjit> Hami> Hcnyrb, 
KorAa, coÔHpancb npoAOJDKaTb nyTb, mh He Ham;iH ôojibine jio- 
uiaAeâ cb npOBOAHHKaMH ! y ace HeoAHOKpaTHO Hac*b MynHJio 
qyBCTBO HeyB-fepeHHOCTH bt> qecTHbix-b npaBHjiaxi> CBaHe-roB-b — 
hxt> 6-bAHbix-b Tax-b n;ioxo pacnHcajiH— ho, HaAO kt> qecTH hxt> 

CKa3aTb, MbI H Ha 9T0TT> pa3T> OUIHÔJIHCb, COMH-feBaHCb, HaflAeMi> 

jih eme cbofo noKJiaacy. Hh OAHa Mejionb He nponajia 3a Bce 

BpeMH CTpaHCTBOBaHÎH. 3aT0 A"p1> C. B-b 9T0TT> AeHb'HaCb 3a- 

My^HJi'b. Oht>, npoflAH c-b AorHaHHbiMH JiïOAbMH H3p«AHoe pa3- 
CTOHHie, 3a6bWT>, hto Aa./rb oahht> h3t> annapaTOB-b npHMKHyB- 
uieMy kt> Haivi-b ôbiBiueMy Ka3aKy-MaroMeTaHHHy h tott> yuiejn> 
BnepeAi», nojierfejrb 3a annapaTOM-b BepxoMi> Ha3aAT> h u-fejibix-b 
TpH ^aca noTepHJii> Ha noHCKH; noTOMi> yace TO^bKO B-b Kajrfe 
OTKpbijiacb ero ouiHÔKa, KorAa mh yBHA'bjiH MHpHO CHA^Binaro 
ct> cyMKOH CBaHeTa UHBiami. PfeMi* speMeHeMi. h OTA'feaHJicH 
orb KapaBaHa, hah BnepeA^, h Hac;ia}KAa;iCH HoraonHCHbiM-b bh- 
AOmt* Ha yuiKyjii>, cejieme MeabKaBinee AaJieno BHH3y cbqhmh 

CB-feT^blMH ÔaUIHHMH; APyrHXT* CTpoemfi BT> HeMl» COBCÈM-b He 

bhaho. HeAaJieKO — ropa yniKyjm, H3B-fecTHaH CBoefl cjiioaoh. 
Be3K0HeHH0 AOJiro HaAO cnycicaTbCH ki> Kajiy (h^h HnpapH); 

AOpOHCKa H3BHBaeTCH BHH31> Ha U-fejIbIXT> 1100 Hl. H Ha npOTH- 
HCeHiH B-b 1 1 BepCTb. Bl> CaMOMT> HeApy>KeJIK)6HOMT> HaCTpoeHÎH 

noABHrajmcb mu BM-fecrfe BnepeAT>, He ou-feHHBaH no aoctohh- 



— 188 — 

CTBy Aaace KpacoTH btoPl yeAHHeHHoâ m-ècthocth npH 3aKara- 
BaiomeMCH •cojiHU'b. Kt> 9-th qacaM-b Beqepa, bt> -reMHorb, ao- 
6pa/incb mh ao HeyiOTHaro Kajia. Bt> rjiaBHoS KOMHarfe KaHue- 
jinpiH yace pacnoaoacHJiocb ivfe/ioe oômecTBO -rypHCTOB-b h3t> 
BJiaAHKaBKa3a, nepeineAuiHx-b, KaK-b HaM-b pa3CKa3WBajn> no- 
TOM-b oahht> H3i> hhxt>, qepe3i> floHryc-b-OpyHCKiâ nepeBajn> 
(XoTH-Tay) Ha cbohxt> /ioinaAnx-b. Grojia a-kh nac-b yace He 6h- 

flO, nOpHAO^HOH BOAH He nO^yHHJIH — TOJIbKO COBC^M-b MyTHOÔ 

H3i> pÏKH, a ^ah HHKaKofl» He hm-èh CBoero npoBiaHTa, 3Ha* 
HUTb ^OHCHCb, Aa noMHpafl. Flpoujjia h cjrfeAyiomaH, HeyioTHan, 
HO^b npn He3aTBopHioiueficH HapyacHofi AsepH. 31-ro iio/in paHO 
yTpOM-b mh noacejiajiH TpOHyTbCH AaJibuie, bt> Beqo. HaHHTb 
CBiacHx-b ^ouiaAefl npeAcraBJiHJio CHOBa HeonHcyeMbin TpyAHO- 
cth. OH-fe 6yAT0 6h Bcb HaxoAHjmcb AajieKO Ha nac-rÔHmax-b. 
CnycTH qaca ABa Bce-TaKH AOcrajiH qe-rapex-b, noc/rb Toro KaK-b 
h oôouieji-b OKpyacaiomie ABopbi. MeatAy npoqHM-b h 3axoAH/n> 
h bt> niKOJiy, ta^ HaxoAHJiCH yqH-re'jib, eme mojioaoh qejio- 
B'bK'b, coBepuieHHO pyccKift THn-b; -raM-b ace HCHBerb h CBameH- 
hhkt> H3T> M-fecTHHx-b ypo)KeHueBT>. KaJibCKifi CTapuiHHa (Map- 
uuaHT>) MeHbine BC-fex-b CTapajica a^h Hac-b h HHCKOJibKO He no- 
Morb yM'fcpHTb HcaAHOCTb coôcTBeHHHKOB-b jiouiaAeft. HaM-b npH- 
uiJiocb 3anjiaTHTb no 4 py6. 3a JioinaAb ao Beqo, TorAa KaK-b 
Ka3eHHan ivkHa BABoe MeHbiue. nojiOHŒM-b, mh 6ojibme Hero- 
AOBajiH ua u%hh ao OTXOAa, q-feM-b no AOCTHHcemH u-bjm, t. k. 
nyTb no oÔHKHOBeHiio KyAa AflHHH-fee noKa3aHHaro Ha Kaprfe h 
yTOMJiHJrb 6ojibuie, q-bM-b oacHAajm. rioroAa ôujia, KaK-b noqTH 
3a Bce BpeMH Hauiero CTpaHCTBOBamH, npeKpacHan, h AOJiHHa 
HHrypa npeACTaBHJiacb HaM-b bt> caMOM-b 6jiaronpiHTHOM-b BHAt. 
nocji-fe HenpoAO^HCHTejibHOH xoAbôbi nyTb HAeT-b aoboju>ho 
KpyTO, ho HeAOJiro bt> ropy y noAoniBH bhcokoh CKajin, cjrfeBa 

OTT> p-feKH, Ha KOTOpOH nOCTpoeH-b MOHaCTbipb (CB. KBHpHKa) 

BHAH-feiomiHCH onHTb nocjrfe cnyoca; sarkM-b AOJiro HAei-b no 
ôojiothctoh HH3MeHH0CTH qepe3-b ^HCTBeHHbiô jrfecoK-b. Booôme 
M-fecTHOCTb AOBO^bHo pa3HOo6pa3Ha h mh 6h moivih npeAaTbCH 
co3epuamio en c-b ôojibuiHM-b yAOBOJibCTBieM-b, ecjiH 6-b He 
npecji-feAOBaji-b 3^oh pOK-b B-b bma^ — Ha 9toti> pa3-b — oahoê 
H3-b HauiHx-b qeTbipex-b jiouiaAeô, mojioaoh, coBcfeM-b He o6y- 
qeHHOH, Ha KaxcAOM-b uiary BHKHAHBaiomeH (J)OKycbi. OHa He 
Mor^a BHHocHTb ocTaeaTbCJï Ha3aAH h Bce pBa^acb BnepeAi», 



— 189 — 

oôpanjan oneHb Majio BHHMaHia Ha y3AenKy h Ha to, He y^a- 
PHtch jih cfeaoKT* o6t> aca/iy hjih o HaBbfOHeHHoe Ha Apyria JIO- 
niaAH. 51 Booôme bo BTopoft TOJibKO pa3i> cHA'fefl'b Ha jiomaAH, 

HO KaBKa3CKÎH CfeAJia TaKl> IViyÔOKH, HTO BbIBaJIHTbCH H3T> HHX-b 

no^TH Hem>39L\ BnpoqeM'b Tanoe ycTpoficTBO hxi> He Bceiyja ace- 

JiaHHO. 

KaK-b to MH-fe npHinjiocb OTCTaTb oti> nepeAOBHXT>; Moe 
»CHBOTHoe noHecjio BCJi'feA'b bo bck) npHTb, BAOJib oôpbiBa cnpa- 
Ba h nepefituiMBaiomeHCH cicajibi cjrfeBa, Ha y3eHbKofl apuiHHHofl 
Tpon-fe ct> noBopOTaMH. Ha OTcyTCTBie chjih h He Mory noaca- 
jiOBaTbcn h qyTb He cjiOMajrb efl men yAepHCHBan peMHHMir, 

XOT'fejI'b COCKOHHTb — HeJIb3H BbICBOÔOAHTbCH H3T> CfeA^a H CTpe- 
MHH'b, T-feM-b ÔOJI-fee, HTO 3a MHOK) ÔbUlU npHBH3aHH ABa M^HIKa ! 

HaAO 6biJio npeAOCTaBHTb JiomaAH p-feiueme Bonpoca KyAa mh 
npHÔyAearb — bt> HHrypT* jih, ôyiueBaBuiifi MeTpoB-b Ha 20 HH»ce, 
hjih npHMKHeM-b kt> ApyrHM-b nyTHHKaM-b ? OHa piuiHJia no- 
CJrbAHee. IloAOÔHoe HHTepMeuuo Majio cnocoôcrBOBajio oôpa- 
THTb MeHH B-b noKJiOHHHKH jioniaAHHaro cnopTa, h, kt> coxcaji-fe- 

HÎK), OHÔ ÔHJIO He nOCJI'feAHHM'b. ripHÔJIHHCaHCb KT> M-fecTenKy 

HnapH Bce hah no jrfeBOMy ôepery, H-fecKOJibKO 3axoAHMi> AaJib- 
iue 3Toro cejieHia, qToôw nepefira no Moery Ha npaBHâ h, mk- 
Hya HnapH, OKpyaceHHoe co Bcfex-b CTopoH-b boaoio, HanpaBJia- 
eMCH kt> B03BbiuieHHOCTH Ha cfeBepHoS CTOpont. OHa Majio no- 
pocjia KycTapHHKOM-b h He Aaerb t^hh; TOJibKO noAHHBumcb 
Ha Hee mohcho CKpbiTbca orb cojiHeqHbix3> jiyHeâ h yTOMHTb 
Hcâ)KAy y py^eiiKa, ta^ oôbiKHOBeHHO nacyTca kopobh. TaM-b 

MbI CA^aJIH npHBaJTb H CKOpO ÔbIJIH OKpy>KeHbI JIIOÔOnblTHblMH 

KpecTbHHaMH, KOTopbie qacTo xoAHTb no STOMy nyTH, cooôma- 
iomeMy ct> MyuiajiOM-b. TyAa >Ke, bt> Mymajrb, OTnpaBJiHJica h 

OAHH-b H3T> HaiIieH napTÎH — npHMKHyBUlifl K-b HaM-b BCKOpt 3a 

KajiOM-b y AyxaHa ôoraTbift KpecTbHHHH-b, bt> KpacHBOM-b ko- 
CTiOM-fe ropua ct> pyacbeM'b h KHHMcajioM'b, ho 3aopobo noABbi- 
nHBiniH yace cb yTpa h Bce 3a3biBaBiniH Hac-b kt> ce6-fe bt> ro- 
cth. Mh 6hjih oneHb paAbi, KorAa nepefiAH Hepe3T> nepeBajrb 
yiopT> (1922 m.) oht> cb HaMH pacnpomajica h ckphjich no 
. Aoporfe, BeAymeâ BnpaBO Ha BHAH-feBiniHCH BHH3y MyTajii>. 3to, 
noBHAHMOMy 6jiaroycTpoeHHoe cejio, MCHBonHCHO bmphcobh- 
BaeTCH Ha 3ejieHOMT> h McejiTOM-b ûpout nojieft; BHAHa KpacHBan 

UIKO^ia, MHOHCeCTBO CBaHeTCKHX-b 6aiHeHl> H OpHrHH^^bHHH KJiaA" 



- J90 — 

ÔHiua. CnycK'b Be/jeT^ kt* aojihh% ptKH Myjixw, qepe3i> ao- 

BOJIbHO ^-feCHCTyiO M-feCTHOCTb; 110 AOpOrfe MW BCTp-feTHJIH HCe- 

;rfe3HCTHH ynieKHCJibiâ HCToqHHK'b h TyTT> ace pwôaica, Heciuaro 
cbok) ^oôbmy. Haina w KaBKa3CKan noBapHxa"— crapuiaH cnyT- 
HHua-He npeMHHy;ia no3aHMÇTBOBâTb Koe-HTO h3t> ero 3ana- 
cobt> ajih ceroAHHuiHHro yaorna. MeacAy KajiOM-b h Mecrieio 
Bcero jiHiiib okojio 23-xt> Bepcrb, a ao Beno 3aTkMT> 12 l /2- Mw 

HaA-feHJIHCb npOÔTH BeCb STOTb nyTb BT> OAHHT> A^Hb Ha nojio- 
BHHy HAH n'felUKOM'b, Ha nOJIOBHHy BepXOM-b HO 3aTpaTHJlH CJIHIH- 

komi> MHoro BpeMeHH Ha OT^oxHOBeHie h TOJibKO kt> Beqepy 
MorjiH ^oôpaTbCH ao MecTiH. ByAy^H yace 6jih3ko oiryAa, 
BepCTax-b bt> 4 — 3, HaM-b OTKpbiJiacb 6e3noAo6Haa naHOpaMa, 3a 
HaMH Tewuyjiwb ct> npaBHJibHO oqepqeHHbiMH CKJiOHaMH, BbiAi- 

JIHJ1CH OCJltnHTe/IbHOH 6-fe;iH3HOH Ha TeMHOM-b CHHeM'b HeÔeCHOM'b 

cboa^, BHymaH ôjiaroroB-fefiHoe noHTeme cbohmh MorynHMH pa3- 
M%paMH; cnpaBa ymejibe, Kanoro h eme HHKorAa He BHA'bfl'b; 
bt> ÂJibnaxi> H-feT-b noAOÔHofl KpacoTbi ôepera, pa3B-fe TOJibKO 
KoJiopaAO He ycrynaerb eMy. CoBepuieHHO OTB^CHbifi, oht> 
craJibHoro AB-feTa h iviyÔHHOK) Moacerb 6biTb B-b 500 MeTpoBi> 
Ha «zurk ntHHTCH AHKaa p-bica, a no Ty CTopoHy, 3a paBHHHOfl, 
bt> a^chth BepcTax-b B3AHMai0TCH Hivibi xpeÔTa TBa^b^a (HJ1H 
Xlaji^a-Kopa), 3728 m., hchbo HanoMHHaiomiH „Dames anglaises" 
bt> rpynn-fe MoHÔjiaHa. 9to TaKoe qy^Hoe M-fecro, hto H3T>-3a 
Hero ctohtt> npeTepn-feTb h baboc ôo^buie TpyAHOCTefi ao ao- 
cnuKemsi ivfejm. Kt> iviyôoKOMy comaji-femio ocB-fememe CHOBa 
HeAonycKajio chhtîh (J)OTorpa(J)iH h HeonHcyeMaa npejiecrb Me- 
CTÎHCKaro ymejiba ocTajiacb 3aneqaTjrkHHOH TOJibKO B-b naMHTH, 
ho 3aTO He MeH-fee AOJiroBtHHO. Ha npaBOMT> ôepery padomy- 
jiHCb Ha ôojibuiOM-b npOTHMceHÎH ABOpbi cejieHin MecTiH; npoÔAH 
napajiae;ibHO eMy, no^TH ao KOHua, AOcraraeM-b Micra, rA'k 6e- 
pen> cnycKaeTCH noqra B-b ypoBeHb ct> boaoio h mohcho ne- 
peflTH Ha Apyryio CTopoHy. Bt> Haqajrb cejia HaxoAHTCH uep- 
KOBb; Mbi HA^M-b no uiHpOKOH yjiHivfe, BbirjiHAHBaion^eH KaKi> 
mocce,— no jrfeByio CTopoHy oaho «3^ 6ojibuiHxi> 3Aamfi, OKpy- 
HceHHoe B-b nepsoMi» Hpycfe ôajiKOHOM-b, npeACTaBJineT-b hto-to 

BT> pOA^ rOCTHHHHUbl. X03HHHT>, CKa3a^H HaMT», BT> OTCyTCTBiH 

h TyAa Henero 3axoAHTb. 3to H3BtcTie npHui^o oneHb HeKCTà- 
th, t. k. nocjit cTOJibKHx-b HOHefl npoBeAeHHbixi> Ha TBepAOMT> 
AepeB-fe, oneHb xoTiJiocb BHOBb BKyciiTb npejiecTeâ HacTonmaro 



— 191 - 

jiOHca. 3HaqHTi>, CHOBa bt> cejibCKoe npaBJieme, KOTOpoe 3Atcb 
pacnoaoaceHO Ha Kpaio, ôjiHHte kt> p-tK-fe. BHyTpeHHee yerpoS- 
ctbo KaHuejiflpiH He^ypHoe, ecrb h ABa KaMHHa, no OAHOMy bt> 
KaxcAofi H3T> KOMHarb, npeAOCTaBJieHHbix-b bt> Haine pacnopn- 
aceme. IlpeA'bHB^eHiH OTKpbiTaro ancra 3;vfecb, KaK-b h bt> 6oju>- 
niHHCTB-fe cJiyqaeB-b, He noTpe6oBa;iH BOBce ajih BxoAa. CjrkAy- 
iomee yTpo OAapn;io Hac-b CHOBa caMofi npeKpacHofi noroAOH. 
TeniHyjiy ôhuvb BnponeM-b oKyTaH-b 6-fejibiM-b o6jiaKOMi>. DiaB- 
Haro xpeÔTa, 3a HCKjuoqemeM-b stoh ropbi, H3-b MecTÎH He;ib3H 

BBA^Tb. yiHÔa, KOTOpyK) Mbl OHCHAaJIH SA'kCb BT* nOJlHOM-b BCKH- 
HM, COBCfeM-b CKpHTa ÔJIHHCaHUIHMH XOJIMaMH, ao noBopoTa KT> 

Beno, bt» neTHpex'b BepCTax-b OTTyAa,— 3aTO Jlafljia (4010 m.) 
OTKpHBaerb Bbicuiin cboh BepuiHHbi. fl-k-rcKan HaHBHoçTb Hace- 
jiema CKa3ajiacb h 3Atcb, bt> 9tomt> KpynHOM-b ueHTp-fe CBa- 
HeTCKOH CTpaHbi; He ycirkflH mm OTKpbiTb ABepefl, hto6h no- 
c^aTb HOCH^bmHKOB-b 3a boaoh, KaK-b yace HarpHHyjia u-fejiaa 
Toana jnoôonwTHHX-b. Ohh 6e3-b crkcHeHin bouijih kt> HaM-b B-b 
qHCJi'b eABa jih He nnTHaAUaTH HejiOB-feK-b; paçxarcHBajiH no kom- 
Harb, ocMaTpHBajiH Bemn, KypHJiH, n/ieBajm (oco6eHHO MHoro), 
kopotko: nyBCTBOBajiH ceÔH KaK-b AOMa h 6e3-b npHrjiauieHÎH. 

OCOÔeHHO OHH HHTepeCOBaJIHCb 6pHTbeMl>. ripH OTHOUieHiHXl> 
KT> TOCTHM-b CTOJIb paSJIHqHMX-b OTT> eBpOneHCKHX-b nOHHTÎH, 
pa3yMH-ke BCerO ÔbIJIO MHpHTbCH Cb OÔCTOHTeJIbCTBaMH H Mbl 

He xoT-fejra oÔHA'bTb Hx-b, BbirfecHHB-b H3*b AaHHaro HaM-b npH- 
CTaHHma. Kb acchth nacaM-b yTpa mohcho 6bi.io CHapHAHTbcn 
bt> nyTb. 4>oTorpa(})HqecKaH sKCKypcin kt> ymejibio He Aa^ia no- 
^OHCHTejibHbix-b pe3yjibTaTOB-b. 3a HeAOCTaTKOM-b BpeMeHH. rio 
Aoporfe npHXOAH^ocb HeoAHOKpaTuo BCTp-feqaTb caHH, Harpy- 

HCeHHblH C^HOM-b, BT> KOTOpblH ÔbIJIH 3anpH>KeHH 6bIKH. CaHH 
^tTOM-b ! 3TaKÎH KOHTpaCTb H BHAaJIT> TOJIbKO BT> BbICOKOH 

CBaHeTiH. FIpH cniHHÎH Myjixpbi c-b HHrypOM-b HaqHHaeTca Ae- 
peBHH JlaTajib, bt> kotopoh Aopora CBopaqHBaerb BnpaBo (Ha 
cbBep-b) noAT> npaMbiM-b yrjiOM-b. SA^Cb mh CA'kjiajiH nepeAbiuiKy 
bt> JleHA^cep-fe noAi> cfeHbio CTapHHHaro Ayôa h norfemajiHCb 
oôwqaHMH JlaTa/ibCKHX'b }KHTejieâ. y Aoporn ctohti> ôo^binoe 
KopuTO, CKB03b KOTOpoe TeqeT-b ropHbifl pyqeeK-b; oho c^y^KHT-b 
nofijiOM-b ajih CKOTa h a^ih jiomaAefi, TyTi> ^ce MoiOT-b ôtjibe 
(aojdkho 6biTb He qame pa3a bt> roA'b) h... KynaHDTCH rojibiH 
peÔHTa, cnacaiomiecH TaK-b ott> AHeBHofl >Kapbi. JlaBKa 0Ka3a- 



- 192 - 

/iacb 3aKpbiToâ; OHa Topryerb jiHinb 3 ahh bt> HeA'knK). Bnpo- 
qearb Mbi 6bi Bce paBHO He nojiyqHJiH hh caxapy hh KepocHHy, 
ôbiBiuie y Hacb yace Ha hcxûa*. 3a stoh AepeBHeâ HAyi"b AB*b 
Aopora B^ojib npaBaro ôepera HHrypa no HanpaBJiemio kT> 
Beqo. OrtAyeT-b npoAOJiacaTb hath no BepxHefl, Tairb Kaia> 
hhhchhh oôpHBaeTCH TaMi>, rA'b nepBan CBopaqHBaerb HanpaBO 
h BeAeTi> Mepe3T> hobwh Heôojibuioâ nepeBa;n>. Ct> nocjrfeAHaro 
OTKpHBaeTCH onHTb BHA'b Ha rjiaBHHfl xpeôerb h Ha nepBOMT» 
njiaH-fe noHB^neTCH AByiviaBbiS y inôa. npoxoAHTi> nojiHHy, Bpo- 
A^ toh, na Ynop-fe, ta^ Toace npoTeKaerb pyqeii, noTOMT> no 
KaMeHHCToft TponHHK'fe qepe3-b KycrapHHK-b bt> pomy, Bce BpeMH 
HMta nepeAi> coôok) Yinôy, ao cnycKa bt> AOflHHy flojipH *). 
BHH3y KpyTo CBopaHHBaeM'b BjrfeBO, Ha 3anaAi>, kt> BeqocKHMT> 
Ka3apMaMT> (1300 m.) HaxoAamHMCH Ha jrfeBOM-b npHÔpeiacbH. 
Bcfe npaBHTe^bCTBeHHHH yqpoKAema coeAHHeHbi bt> 9tomt> 
nyHKT-fe — SA^Cb «HBeT-b h npHCTaB-b, noqTeHHbift rpy3HHi>, Ha- 
xoahtch nojimjeHCKoe h BoeHHoe ynpaBJieme. KpecTbHHe ace 
»CHByT-b Ha Apyrofi CTOpOH-fe Rojipbi h Bbiiue no TeqeHiio. 

HaM-b npeAOCTaBHjiH OAHy KOMHaTy bt> Kasaparfe, r^t oôbi- 
KHOBeHHO xpaHHTCH ckA^a. yKujihisi noM-fememn ôujih npHro- 
TOBJieHH a^ih npieMa y-fe3AHaro HaqajibHHKa, nojiKOBHHKa reHe- 
pajibHaro uiTaôa Skrctih, KOTOparo OHŒAajiH H3-b SijepH ce- 
roAHH ace, 1-ro aBrycTa. flaMbi pacnojioaŒJiHCb bt> KOMHarè, a 
mw, ABoe MyacqHH-b, bt> nepBbiô pa3i> bo3abhivih najiaTKy a-kh 
ceÔH. npHCTaBi> Bejrfcjrb npHHecTH cfcHa Ha noAcnwiKy h c;rk- 
Ayioman Hoqb npeACTaBjiajiacb Kaicb 6bi Ha jiOH-fe ABpaaMOBOMT> 
B-b cpaBHeHÎH c-b npencHHMH xojioahhmh h TBepAHMH Hoqjiera" 
mh; noroAa croajia qyAHaa, Tenjian. Kt> Beqepy nprfexajrb Ha- 
qajibHHK-b h, nocji-fe cjiyHceÔHbix-b neperoBopoB'b, oht> npHinejrb 

KT> HaMl>, nOCMOTp-feTb Ha My^eCTBeHHbIXT> TypHCTOK-b. SHep^- 

rHqHbiâ yace Ha bha^, ho oqeHb oôxoAHTejibHbift bi> oôpamemH, 
nojiKOBHHKT> cpa3y BHyuiaeT-b kt> ceôt AOB-fepie h CHMnaTiio. 

Pa3r0B0pHBLUHCb Ha H-bMeUKOM-b HSblKt Mbi y3HaJ!H, qTO OHT> 

POaomi> H3i> ScT^iHHAiH h >KeHarb Ha ôaBapK-fe h3t> MioHxeHa; 
9to KOHeqHO npHBeao mohxt> cnyTHHUT> bt> BOCTopr-b. 3Han, Ka- 
khmt> jiHiueHiHM-b bt> niiuifa noABepHceHbi nyTeuiecTBeHHHKH Wb 



*) IIo nyTH r-Mca M. nyib He nepe^oMHJia ce6t HorH no mhaocth no- 
uiaAH, KOTopaa ott> HenpHBbmHaro yTOMJieHifl HtcKOJibKo pa3i> ôpoca^acb Ha 

3eMJIK). 



— 193 — 

ero yte/vb, nojiKOBHHicb yxbjwjvb uawb H3t> cbohxi> 3anacoBT> 
ôojibinoe KOJiHqëcTBO MeAy h npeKpacHHX'b 6yjiOKi>. SarfeM-b 

OHT> paCnopHAH^LCH, MTOÔbl Ha CJl%AyK)miH A^Hb HBH/IHCb flJIH 
HaCT> HOCMJlbmHKH H BCfe OTIIpaBHJIHCb Ha OTAblX'b. MbI — CO 

cnoKOHHbiM'b qyBCTBOM-b yB^penHOCTH, hto Bce noH£erb iviaA- 
ko, ko BceoômeMy yAOBO-Jibcraiio. )Kejiame b30ôth Ha ymôy 
HaAO 6hjio noAaBHTb-, mw cjibixajiH yace orb MaicaHAapOBa, qTO 
bt> 3A'buiHHX'b Kpanx-b CKHTaeTCH r-aca KyHue ct> AByMH uiBeô- 

UapCKHMH npOBOAHHKaMH H eCJIH 6-b BCTptTHJIHCb CT> HHMH, TO 

HenpeM-feHHO xorfejiH aoroBopHTbCH C1b uiBefiuapuaMH Ha cqerb 

BOCXOHCACHifl; ho OHH HaXO^HJlHCb HCH3B'feCTHO I\ZVfe, H 9Ta MH- 
JIOBHAHaH HrpyUIKa UeHUH-4>HHHepT> — KaiCb H3B-feCTHO, KH. J\dL- 

AeuiKH^iaHH no^apHJi-b eâ yiiiôy— He nocjiymHJia HaMT> nonpH- 
meM-b aflbnificKOH cjiaBM. 2-ro aBrycTa p-feuieHO ôujio CA'feJiaTb 
MajieHbKifl nepepbiB'b bt> crpaHCTBOBaHiH h TpOHyTbca jiHuib bt> 
3 qaca ahh. Orb oôbiqHaro nocfemema khh3H jEUAeuiKHJiiaHH 
bt> SuepH, jiOKameM'b bt> OAHHHaAUara Bepcrax'b oTciOAa, 3a 

HeAOCTaTKOMT> BpeMCHH OTKa3aJlHCb H 3aHHJlHCb BM-feCTO Toro 

npo3aHqHbîM'b MbiTbeivrb 6-fejibH bi> p-feicfe, hto npHuuiocb ca^- 
jiaTb caMHM-b, ^aôbi He ono3#aTb kt> oTxoAy. HacumeHHaa mh- 
HepaaaMH boas BnpoqeM-b oqeHb Ma;io toamtch a^h 3T0ft irfejm, 
3aTO BHKynaTbCH mohcho 6buio bt> nojiHoe yAOBOJibCTBie — B03- 
pOAHTbca (J)H3HqecKH a^h noAKp'fen.neHifl CHJTb Kl> npoAO^HceHiio 
noxoAa. riepeA^ 06'bAeHHbiM'b BpeMeHeM-b cocTOHJiocb coB'fema- 

Hie BC'fcX'b M'feCTHblX'b BJiaCTefl, CpeAH KOTOpHX'b H HaXOAHJICH 

h MHpoBofl cyAbH, 3a-fe3)KaK)miH bt> Beqo eaceroAHO Ha H-fecKOJib- 

KO HeA^b, a nOTOM-b TOp)KeCTBeHHbIH 0T'b'fe3A'b KaBa^bKaAH. 

BM-fecrfe ct> y-fe3AHbiM-b HaqaJibHHKOM-b y-fexajrb h MecTHCKift 
ô^aroqHHHbiâ, toti> caMbifl, o kotopomt> ynoMHHaeTT> Mepu6a- 

XepT>, — 3HaTOKT> M'feCTHblX'b Hap'feqiH H 6bITa CBaHeTOBl>, KOTO; 

poMy Mepuôaxep'b o6fl3aHT> ôoraTWM'b MaTepiajKWb no stho- 
rpacJÛH 3Toro icpan. 

He 6y#y roBOpHTb o tomi», CKOJibKO npHuuiocb B03HTbCH 
ct> HOCH^bmHKaMH, noKa He npHiujiH kt> cor^tauieHiio — TyTT> He 
noMon> h aBTopHTeT-b npHCTaBa — kto nyTemecTByerb no KaB- 

Ka3CKHMT> w Ae6pHMT>", TOT-b AO^^KCH-b 3anaCTHCb OrpOMHOH ao- 

^eâ Tepn-feHÎH, eu;e 6ojibine q-feMi> npOBH3ie{i. Mbi 3apyqH^HCb 
niecTbK) HOCH^bmHKaMH cb yroBopoM-b njiaTHTb TyAa no 2 py6- 

flSl BT> CyTKH Ha HXT> H}KAHBCHiH (KaiCb BCerAa npHHHTO), a Ha 



~- 194 — 

oôpaTHbiH nyTb no o/jHOMy Ha qejiOB-bKa. flo ypyc6ieBa npH- 
KHHyjiH ABa ahh, a Ha3aAi> oahht>. Tanoe ycjiOBie Kjiomyiocb 
noHHTHO bi> Haïuy HeBbiro^y; acejiaa BbinrpaTb BpeMH, waAO 
ôbiJio tu aaKJiFOHHTb CA'feJiKy He no ahhmt>, a Ha Becb KOHem>, 
ho CMbiiujieHHbie CBaHeTM 3aynpHMH^iHCb Ha 9tomt> h, 3a h€,«o- 
CTaTKOM'b apyrHXT>, npHuuiocb cyHyTb uieio bt> neiyno. Coôbrrie 
cjifeAyiomaro ahh BnojiH% noATBepAHjm onacema. 

Oahht> H3-b hhxt^ MoxHaTbiâ h cypOBbiii, ct> Htfl,pyynejiio6* 

HHM-b B30pOM-b, nOKa3a^T> HaM-b CBMA^Te^lbCTBO, HanHCâHHoe 

no H-feMeuKH aHrJiHqaHHHOM-b,. KOTOparo oht> conpoBOHCAajrb H*b- 
CKOJibKO Ji'bT'b Ha3aAT>. Torb xBa^HJn> CBaHeTa Kain> onwTHaro 
npoBO^HHKa h nHca^-b, q-ro njiarajrb eMy no pyôjno bt^ a^hb. 
BjiaaceHHbiH BpeMeHa ! 

Tenepb ohh yace HayqHJiHCb CAHpaTb Koacy cb nyTeuie- 

CTBeHHHKa. IlyHKTya^bHO, BT> yCJIOBJieHHblH qaCT>, JIIOAH HBHJIHCb 

B3BajiHTb HauiH no^HTKH Ha njieqH. KaacAOMy npHuuiocb hccth 
4)yHT0BT> uiecTbAecHT-b, HaM-b ace abohmt> TOJibKO HanjieqHbie 
M-feuiKH. KokeqHO npOH3omjiH H-feKOTopbia npepeKama KOMy hto 
B3HTb, ho bt> o6meMT> a^jio noiujio TJiaAKOJ Ke AOJiro — H MM 
ôbuiH bt> Ma3epn (5 BepCT-b OT-b Beqo). BnepeAH npoHe- 
cjiacb AOJKAeBan Tyqa; cocToame noroAH npeAB-femajio hcaoô- 
poe, HauiH jiioah TOHœ. y ace Ha pa3CTOHHÎH BepcTbi orb Ma3epn 
ohh 3aMeA^iHJiH inarb h HaqajiH coBtTOBaTb npHroTOBHTb 3A^Cb 
Hoqjierb, MeacAy rfeM-b KaK*b h npHcraB-b roBOpHjrb hmt> npo- 
BecTH c/rfeAyiomyio Hoqb no bo3mo}khocth ômune kt> BeqocKOMy 
nepeBajiy, rjife 6yATO ecTb KaKaa to nemepa. Mbi 3anpOTecTO- 
BajiH h noimiH A^Jibuie nocjrfe npoAOJiHŒTejibHbix-b npemH. FIo 
ji-feBOMy ôepery flojipbi TponHHKa nepexoAHTb bt> rycTOH co- 
CHOBbifl Jitcb, KyAa CKopo nepecTajrb npOHHKaTb * CB-ferb; hah 
BAOJib 6epera bhcoko HaAT> ôypJiHBOH p-feKOK), okojio 4 Bepcrb 
OTi Ma3epH Mbi oTbiCKajiH noAxoAHu;ee M-fecro a^h npHBajia, 
b6jjh3h OT-b KJiioqa, ycTaHOBH/iH najiaTKy, 3a^rjiH KOCTepi» (npo- 
boahhkh cnajiHJiH Raxte u-fe^oe AepeBo) h npHroTOHiHJiH KOHcep- 

Bbl. HaCKOJIbKO ÔbIJIO B03MOHCHO, BTamH^H BemH nOAT> HaB-feCb, 

xaK*b KaK-b AO^cAb yace Haqajn> MOpocHTb, ycTaHOBHJiH BHyTpH 
noxoAHbiH nocTe^H h o6a cna^bHbix-b M-feuiKa h ci 6ojibuiHMT> 

TpyAOM-b BJTfe3JlH B-b CBOK) «TOCTHHHHUy", uwhBmyK) njiomaAb 

Bcero bi> 180X200 cm. Topubi npHJierjiH y caMaro orHH no- 

XpblBUIHCb ÔypKaMH H M-fexaMH, KOTOpbie H-feKOTOpbie H3T> HHXT, 



- 195 — 

HOCHT'b Ha noAoôie ApeBHHx-b repMaHueBT>.. Hoqbio hc6o pa3- 
Bep3Jio cboh H^pa h opocHJio Bce HacKB03b:. Hepe3i> KpHIIiy 
BO^a npOHHKJia kt> HauiHMi> ^aMaMt, a qepe3T> napycHHOBoe 
^HënpoMOKaeMoe^ ace aho— bt> M-tniKH. 3a HCKjnoHeHieM-b moçh 
ocoôh 9Ta xojiOAtfaa Cbipocrb Bbi3Bajia y ApyrHx-b 3AopoBe«- 
hhh HacMopK-b h peBMaTHqecKia 6ojih, y Bckx'b ace — p-fe3Kifi 
yna^OK-b Ayxa, now'fe Toro, KaK-b crojibKO BpeMeHH cyAbôa HaM-b 
noKpOBHTejibCTBOBajia. Ha yTpo noroAa croajia TaKaa— KaK-b h 
HO^bK), nacMypHaa, oÔJiaKa to OKyTHBajiH ÔJiHHcafliiiin CKajibi, to 
CHOBa pa3pHBa^HCb, noKa3WRaH npocB-ferb, ho ckhcbm He6a hc 

OTKpblBa^H H BCe MOpOCHJIO. JllORH (MHOrie TOBOpHJJH nO-pyCCKH) 
OTKa3UBa^HCb HATH Aa/Ibllie, npHBOAH AOBOAOMT>, HTO B-b TaKyK) 

noroAy He^b3H Hepe3i> xpeôerb no /ieAHHKaM'b, mo>kho 3a6,ny- 
AHTbCH h norHÔHyTb. Mw kohchho He moivih corjiacHTbca ct> 
hxt> MH'feHieM'b h yroBapHBa;iH He TepaTb BpeMeHH, **to b£aï? 
Bce paBHO ta^ NfOKHyTb» Jiyqme ÔHTb ôjinace kt> u'èjih. Haico- 
Hem> B-b 9 nacoB-b yTpa, ct> TpyAOMi> yjioacHB-b mokphh BemH, 
mu ABHHyjiHCb BnepeA^ h bott>, qepe3-b KOpOTKifl npoMeacyTOK'b 
BpeMeHH, He6o npoacHHjiocb h mh BOCTopacecTBOBajiH. OAHaKO 
KaK-b Tenepb HarHaTb noTepaHHoe BpeMH h sacBtTJio nepefira 
qepe3T> bhcoth, MToô-b cnycTHTbCH B-b MeH-fee xojiOAHyio o&v 
jiacTb? HocH^bmHKH ôpajmcb To^bKO aoôth ao nepeBaaa H 
HaM-fepeBajiHCb yerpoHTb btopoh Hoq^er-b no cio CTopoHy, HHace 
jibAa. FIpHHHHOH TOMy c/iyaŒJio noHHTHoe Hcejiame 6o;ibuie Ha- 

HCHTb, HÔO BpeMH HX1> He OMeHb U-feHHO. MbI CA'bJiaJIH BUR-b, HTO 

noaca-nyâ yAOBOJibCTByeMca sTHM-b h npoAOJUKajin hath. C-b 
npa.Baro ropHaro xpeÔTa cnycKaeTca K-b flojip-fe AOBQjibHO moiu- 

HblH nOTOKT>, KaKT> pa3T> BT> TOMT> MtCT-fe, TA'fe AOflHHa CBQpa- 

HHBaerb Ha 3anaAT>; nepexoAT> npH ôojibiueM'b KOJiHHecTB-fc 
ocaAKOB-b, nojiaraio HeBbinojiHHM-b. H Tenepb mh He MaJio ne- 
pex:KaKHBajiH qepe3T> cTpeMHTejibHbie boaobopoth h nepexoAHJiH 
no nepeKHHyTbiM-b CTBOJiaMT> AepeBbeB'b nepe3-b AByxcaaceHHQH 
hihphhu peBymie noTOKH, 6ajiaHCHpya KaK-b aKpo6aTbh Ymejibe 
craHOBHTCH Bce poMaHTHMH-be; TponHHKa BeAeT-b oneHb Kpy.TO 
BBepx-b, AOCTHrag M-fecraMH 70° HaKJiOHa. Ha npaBOM-b ôepery 
MOmHHH CKaJlbl, a BHH3y— ,iOMce JXojipu, yctHHHoe rpOMaAHblMH 
BajiyHaMH h ôyjibiraMH, napyiOT-b B3op-b. Koe-rA'fe BHAHtiOTca 
ocTaTKH jiaBHH-b, noAi> KOTopbiMH npoTeKaeTT> ptKa. Bce thxo, 
r^yxo, HHrAt hh nejiOBtKa, hh c^iiAOB-b jnoACKHX-b. IlpoHAH 



-m - 

qaca Tpn, HauiH CBaHeTbi ocTaHOBHJiHCb— mij no;iarajiH rhh ot- 
AHxâ, ho ohh npecnoKOHHO C006lItfIJIH, MTO npHUIJIH KT> njkm 
ceroAHHniHeô xoAbôbi, 3jifecb 6yAeMi> HoqeBaTb — 9to h ecTb 
npecjioByTan nemepa. Ta caMaa nemepa, bt> KOTopofl no HX'b 

C^OBaM-b MO)KeTT> nOMtCTHTbCH COpOKT> qeJIOB'feK'b, HOTTO HHOe, 

KaKi> HeMHoro CB-feuiHBaiomaHCH crfeHa, 3amHmaiomaH B'bTHxyio 
noro^y nojiocicy (J)yTa bi> ABa iijhphhok) OT-b aoxcah. Bo BpeMH 
jihbhh sA'bcb MoryT-b Hafl™ cnaceHie qeaoB'feK'b rum», ctoh; 
o6-b_ycTpoficTBt 6HByaKa noAT> cfcHbio cicajrb h ptqH 6biTb He 

MOTKtTb. Xl'fejiaTb BCerO JIHIHb ACCHTb BepCT-b BT> CyTKH TOKe 

He bxoahjio bt> Hamy nporpaMMy. M-me Miojibôaysp'b B3$uia Ha 
ceôa pojib nocpeAHHUM h Aocrania Toro, qTO ohh npaMO bh- 
CKa3ajra bt> qearb A'fcao h Kaicb oôaerqHTb npoue^ypy nepeBaaa; 
pa3ra^Ka 3aKJnoqaaacb, Kaicb— yBbi qacro ! bt> H'fecKOJibKHX'b ce- 
peôpeHHHKax'b npHÔaBKH Ha KaacAaro H3i> 9thxt> Ao6jiecTHbiXT> 
pbiuapeii. Mbi, MyatqHHbi, He corjiauiajiHCb ycrynHTb h Tpeôo- 
BajiH npOAOJDKema ycJiOBJieHHaro nepexoAa; HaKOHem> a bh- 
Hyjn> H3i> 6ara»:a JieAHHKOBbifi Tpoc-b h, npHiviacHB'b OAHy H3T> 
cnyTHHui> frATH BM-fecT-fe BnepeA^, a Apyrax-b ocTaTbca rjm npH- 
CMOTpa 3a BemaMH, CAtJiajrb bhat>, qTO mh noâAeMT> bt> Tere- 

HeKMH H H3B-feCTHMT> CTOHUiyFO TaMT> CTpaHCy OÔT» 3T0Ô nOIÏHTK'fe 

BHMoraTe^bCTBa. fl'bHCTBHTejibHO, mh 6h 6e3T> Tpy^a Hamjw 
nyTb, ho To;ibKO He Ka3apMy; KaK-b noTOM-b 0Ka3awcb, ôHa 
BOBce He BHAHa Cb AOpora, a neyKUTh r/i'k to bt> jrfecy. OAHa- 
ko, MaHeBp-b yAaJicn, rhwb ôojrbe, hto r aca M. hmt> oô^ma^a 
orb ceÔH npHÔaBHTb no 2 pyôjin KaacAOMy, ecjiH eme ceroAHtf 
nepeBajiHM-b qepe3-b rjiaBHbifl xpeôerb. HaAO ôhjio BHA'fcTb, Kaicfe 
rocno^a HOCHJibiuHKH ohchjih, KanaH y hhxi> noaBHJiacb cwia h 
npbiTb! — Bce-TaKH xopouio, q-ro y Ka}KAaro h3t> Hac-b 6hjio 
orHecTp*bjibHoe opyacie, kto 3Haerb KaKoii 6u oôoporb j&jio 

npHHHJIO 6bl BT> npOTHBHOM-b CJiywk. fla, 3T0 O^Ha H31> T^He- 
BblXT> CTOpOHT> nO'feSAOK'b Ha KaBKa31>, HTO Cb npOBOAHHKaMH H 
HOCHJLbmHKaMH B'feqHblH paOïpH. To JIH A^O THpOJIbCKiH npOBOA" 
HHK'b ! CT> HHMT> CÔJIH^CaeiHbCH BT> nepBHH HCe ACHb BOCXOXCACHiÔ, 

qacTO HBJiHioTCfl npHMO TaK-b CKa3aTb Apy^ecTBeHHbia OTHouie- 

HÎH, Ha A^HbrH CMOTpHT-b KaiCb Ha BTOpOCTeneHHHft Bonpocb, 
HeOÔXOAHMOe 3JIO. Me^CAy T-feM-b KaKT> HaUIH HOCHJIbmHKH, HcaA- 

HHe, OTHOCHjiHCb HeAOB-fepqHBO, TpeôoBajiH njiaTbi BnepeA^ h, 
no^yqn ohh ee, HaBtpHO 6bi ôpocn^H Hac-b h BepHyjiHCb bo- 



- IB7 - 

crohch. B-l KaKoe BûcxwTHTeJibHoe HacJiaHAeflîe 6bi npeepaTH- 
Jiocb 3TO nyTetuecTBÎe, ecjm 6-b mobcho 6ujiq cfltJiaTbCfl nesa- 
BHCHMbiM-b orb ajiiHocra jnoACKoti ! — Ho, BepHyCb kt> ceoeMy 
onHCaHtEO. Mu npOAOJiHcajiH noAHHMaxbCH no aqboju>ho nojio- 
rOMy cKJioHy oMeHb rycTO h bîjcoko nopocmeMy pa3JiHMHtiMH 
TpaaaMH, eme coBcfeM-b MOKpbiMH orb HOMHoro jmbhh« Tpona 
e^sa 3aMtTHa. Hotomtï npnxoAHM'b Ha njiomaAKH, Jiyr^ OTKy^a 
yate pacrHTeabHOCTb naMHHaeT'b saM-ferHo HOiesaïb. Ctcopo At- 
jiae&n> noBopor-b nanpaBO, rb cieepy, Me>KAy T-hwh s naio* oaho 

OTBtTBJieHie A0.1HHH Ujl£Tb OpflMO, H BTi 9TOMT* HanpaB/ieHlH 

npoAO.fi>KaeMb ny-rb enjiOTb ao nepesa/ia, KOTOparo iïohth ao 

KOHUa He BHAHO, B-b BepXOBbSlX'b AOJIHHbï ZlOJlpbl, M3-b K0T7IQ- 

BMHbt, KyAa mm HanpaBJin- 
eMCH, Bcero TpM nepexQAâ — 
ji%Bwft (sanaAHbïLÏ) ^epea-b 
^eAUHK-b AoJipa BeAeTTï k»k- 
Hfce JloHrycb-OpyHa; cpeA- 
hÎk, Kii cfeBcpy — naïu-b, 
TêiCh Hà3biB. BeiocitiB HJIH 
ryjibCKiiHi HaKOneu-b TpcTifi 
na cbiîepo-BOCTOK'bB'b wac- 
cHBt UlexMJibAH. ÎIqcjA&- 
hîh BiiA^H-b npefcpacno yate 
ç-h nowbAHflro noBopoTa, 
Co Bcfex-b xpexi> nepeea* 
jïobtj cnycKa;oTCH KpynHbie 
jie;i,unKw . Ha Emockim Jicr- 
ne Bcero nonacTb TâK'b; Aep- 
>KLiTbC3 Jitnaro ôepera (bo- 
CTOHuaro) /loJipbi, nepeflra 

L[Cpe31ï MOmHblH JieAHHKO- 

Bbiô pyqen, Tenymift us-h 
TpeTbHro, lia ocbïrrb MejKAy 

HHM-b H CpCAHHM-b, a nOTOMTs HO CpeAHeMy JBÇAHHtty BBCpXl>. 

M'IiciHbie HCHTejiu, Haôtraiomïc mcTuepôBi» (atOTii coBcfeMi> ne 
TpyAGHTî), orb ocbinn noAHHMaioTca no KpyTtaMij TpaBïmHCTbiMi> 
CKJioHaMTj npsiMo nasepx'b, aai'bM'b no CKaJiaM'b h TOJibKo ui, 
BepxHen i iacTH iiepexoAîiT'b Ha JfêAHHK'b, rA'fe Hwaqe yace uejtb3ïL 
nopa3MTejibno, ao Kaicoft buco™ m 3tomti ck^ohIs A^pHCHxca 




CuarreîCKifî xpe6en>. JtafUa. 



^^^■^■^M 




jmuimcH sc'bx'b cbohxt> na- 

pOB'b, HMSBepmeHHHX'b B"b 

BH^t Aom'Afl, npH ôynie- 

BaBllieMTî BT>BblC[IlHXl> CJlQ- 

HX-b erb B-bTpt. Mpyrosopi» 
b ôesnOAoSewb. Ha 

BCi>Xl» CHtrOBbïXla BeplUH- 

naxi. BHAH'feJica nymoicb — 
ee oôjiaKO, H^rb sto 6burb 
B3A^MaeMbifl ôypeio entrb, 

Mb! OAOJ13KHV1H HOCH^blilH' 
K3MT> CBOH KOQJKH, KGTOpbtfl 

ohm npHKp'fenH/m KajK^bifï 
TOAfaKO K'b OA^ofi CTyntrfc 
h secejio CTynHJiH Ha orferb 

— • m nepBblfl (pHpHli Bli 

3to jï%to, nepBbifi h a Kai 



Sjibôpyct* (5629 in.) ci* BenocKaro nepeeajia 
(rb 20-rti Bepcraxi.). 



Kast t CsaHeTtî yace rbbuo anaKOMbi c^ ynoTpeôjieHieMTî ko- 
meK-b, 

y ropueBiî, coBepmaïomMXT» fiojrfce nacTû nepexoAH no 
Bfe'inuM-b cH-braMt - jjjih oxoth jih hjih nepeHoca Tosapa — 

HM*K)TCM TàKiC meJl'k3Hbîe OÔpyHH Cb UeTbIpbMH UinOHbKaMH, 

npHBH3biBaeMbie K-b 6au jiymjwh (o6ysb hxt>); na^iKH ci, ocrpUMH 
»cejib3HhiMH naKOHeqwHKaMii romt B-b o6meM-b ynoTpeSjieniH. 

HOCHmOHUB Cb yjUlBHTeflbHOlO BbïHGCJIHBOCTbJO M 6bICTpOTQlO 

Aocthtjih nepesajia (3375 m*) h nyrb ne fitroM-b nycTMjmcb no 
Apyryto cropony BHH3b- Ha xpeôrfe Blstep-b, Ayjn> BHxpeMi» h 
npOHH3biBa^i3 HacKB03b cbohmii MOposHbiMi? AHxaHie*rb; eAsa 

MOJKMO Cw^OACp^KaTbCJI, TfeMTi 

ne MeHte mm hc pimiuiMCb 
CfpOAOAgtaTb cnyCKT», ne aJ>o- 
Torpa4)HpoBaBi> bhai», oncphi- 
BaiiiiiiHoi Ha cfesepii, PtA- 
ecocth&sj npo3paqnocTb mtfpa 

ÔTKpHBaJIâ HHMTi BCt TaHHld 

o B.na.a.biKH 3jib- 
6pyca (5629 m.\ KOTOpbiH 
B3AbiMaeTca 3a xpefiTOMi» Jlo- 
uiTaft-ôainii (3821 m*% H Ka- 

33JICH COBCtM/b 6.TH3KHM'b Ha 

paacTOHHiH B-b 22 KM^iOMeipa, 

or.Ab^HBtuee ero orb Be E ioc- 

ro ncpeBaJia, (cm, 0omùs t ) t 

ïibi ymv bmxoahjih m% 

npeA-fejiOBii JihRû h ctrfcra, 

KOrALl Mbl ABHHy^HCb BHH3T> + 

Beuookifl nepeoaji-h (337:» m*) «3h au ah nu ^aiCb rfc, Tain» h naina KOM- 
K>aeHrH, trama uijih 6e3i> BepeBKH, mto 

He COBCfeM'b OCTOpOHCHO 1M 
:! t iiBCpHOH CTOpOHk, FA'fe B^pOETHÛ Kpymiblfl TpemHHbl, CyAH 

no H3BHJiBHaMT> noMBbh HanpaBJieme Bii AflHHy— na cfesepo-BO» 
CToic-b, uaHCKoeoKik BnpaBO Bnmrb t Ayroto Kl» CKaitaM'bJ 3aTtM-b 
Aoaro o6,vOAHM-b Gojibinofi Bucryni» lliexHjibA^Tay, noica cnpasa 

ne OTKpbiBaeTcsî Ha^ajio aôahkh KXeHni. Sa^cb KOH^aeTca KpyTofi 
cnycKTi h nocrct nepepbrsa <iepe3i> jieAHHKOBbiH noTûm* ÏOceunt, 
HAyri> h a npaBOM-b Cepery ero nojiyraM-b, 6e3-b bchkhxi> nûA'b- 

6MOB*b HJIM CnyCKOBT>, AOBOJlbHO rtpOAOJDKHTeflbïlOe BpCMfl, 

5 




- 200 - 



BeqepTi h TeMHOxa npHSjitixcajiHCb; orbAOBaJio noaaôo- 
TiiTbCH h o noyers, ho ravh kïïscb m aroM-b ôepery ewe ne 
Aoih/lh ao KycrapHKKOBi>, a ôbijio oqeHb xo/ioaho h 663^ ko- 
CTpa secbMa nenpiHTHo, to HaM-b npeAJioacHJiH nepefitH BÔpo^'b 
nepeaiî fOceHbrH kï> naCTyxawb* Ha ji-bBbix*b cKJioiiax-b jxkii- 
CTBHTeAbHo nac/îocb ut;ioe MHoacecTBo oseu-b h KOpos-b, TaMT> 
Ha BHCorb B-b npH6jiH3HTejibHo 2300 ni, nrfe KonnaeTCH poBHoe 
M-feCTo Hauiero 6epera h nmajitn 6ut m&ojibuioft no^-beM-b (chm- 
Taio BepCT-b nHTb vim 6ojibuie OT-b nepeBaJia), Mbi, no KOJitno 
B-b 6ypjiHBoii boa^, nepetiMH ^epest qerbîpe pyicasa p-feiŒ, Bce 

CFIITOe £HO KOTOpOH COCTOHT-b H3T> CHJlOUJHOrO ÔyJlUMHHKB, 

na BceM-b npOTH^enin BeccHHHx-b paajiHBOBTi (cm, (pomozX HHÎKe 

no Tenenifo osa cAaBJiHBae-rcïi 
CKa^HCTbiMH 6eperaMH h yace 
BitiOTb ao BaKCaHa AOJDKïia 

AOBOJlbCTBOBaTfeCW CBOHM*b )'3- 

miwh, ho 3aro acHBontïCHbiM'b 
jiojKeM'b. Bi> w Koin% M 6bUio 
i nacïyxa, 3aKyTaHHbixT> 
bt> Tenjibie M-kxoBbie xy^ynw 
h yîKHHaBUJHX'b BOKpyrb ko- 
expa* To^bKO y caMaro orna 

MÛHvHO ÔbUlQ CnaCTHCb OTli 3a- 

BMBaBUjaro, ci* pasHMX'b cto- 
pom* naôpacHBaBiuarocfl Ha 
nacb, Hec^acTRbiXTii yparaiia; 

CTOHJIO JIHUJb HCMHOrO OTOMTH, 

Kaich ymt npodMpa^a Apoatb 
h pyKH KOHCHtaH, flacTyxH — 
o 3 MyAOÎ — yrocTH^H Hacb 
cB-featHM-b, paâorp'bTbiM'b mo- 
jiOKOM-b, CTO.ib A^BHO yme 
ne nosiB^HBiuHMCH na nameM'b, 
ôoa-fee q-tMis CKyAHOMij, mchio. SaM^THo 6bUio, qro rpannua À3îh 
3a cnHHOfl h Mbi — e-b Eepont, Eme oahht> 9TârrB, h He3aBH- 

CHMOCTb OllflTb AOCTHrHyTa, 

Cts HeMa^yMij TpyAOM'b ycTanoBHJiM najiaTKy, rpo3HBnjyio 
cb MHiiyTH Ha MHHyïy npeepaTHTbCH btj jieTaTejibHyjo Mamnny. 
ripa 3îomi> HenporJutAHan Tbivia, Tàieb Katcb 4 )0Hâ P b Ê AB a cB-b- 




Eapra-Kapia, 




— 201 — 

thjtb Ha apuiHH'b. h Ha KaacnoM-b niary tto-to Mnncoe, npHcyT- 
CTBie nero BnpoueM'b He aojdkho yAHBjiHTb, Kor^a KpyroMT> ko- 
pOBbi. HoHfa ôujisl OTBpaTHTejibHan. JI jieacajrb bt> CBoeM-b M-feinicfe 
y Kpan najiaTKH ct> HaB-feTpeHHofl CTOpOHbi h 6ypa npoAysajia 

nO^T> HH30MT> TaKT>, MTO Ka3a/IOCb, 6yATO Ha CnHH-fe JieHCHTT> 

Kt> yipy cthxjio; ho 4 aBrycTa 03HaMeHOBa;iocb rjih mchh 
njioxo. J\nn AaJibH-feHinaro CTpaHCTBOBamn HaAO onnTb BepHyTb- 
ch kt> npaBOMy ôepery; CTopoacb Koma npeAJioacHji-b HaMT> oc;ia 
A^h nepenpaBbi, ho 3anpoaurb no pyôjno ct> nejiOB'feKa. Bt> to 
BpeMH, KaKi> tf, 3aHcaBi> ceô-k yuiH, nouiei-b BHepcn'b, HTOô'b 
nepefiTH p-feicy 6poAOMT>, Apyrie eroproBajiHCb h no OAHHoqK'fe 
HanajiH nepe-fe3HcaTb. 3a uiHn-bHieM-b h p-feBOMT> noTOKa h He 
pa3CJiuniajn> 30Ba HOCHjibmHKOBT>, npeAOCTeperaBuiHx-b ott> bh- 
6opa ôoji-fee BbicoKaro nepexoAa h, He oô^yMaB'b, nojrb3-b bt> 
BO^y nvk ôepera ôjiHace, ho 3aT0 Teueme eme ôbicTpte h py- 
cjio iviyôace. Ha cnHH-fe M-feinoicb, bt> pyKaxi> jieAopy6T>, canorn 
h nyjiKH bt> hhxt>, h BApyn> nonajn> Horofl bt> Kaicyio-TO A^ipy, 
HeBHAHyio Mepe3T> MyTHyK) h KaKi> 6bi KHnamyio BOAy; Teqeme 
bt> 6 MeTpOBT> bt> ceicyHAy noAXBaTHJio MeHH, ynaBuiaro no 
rpy^b bt> Boay h nyTb He onpoKHHyjio. Htoôh cnacTHCb, h 
Bbinycm/n> Bce h3t> pyicb h TOJibKO e^Ba ycn-fejrb BHCKoqHTb 
Ha 6epen>, Kpnqa bo bcio MOHb ApyrHM-b h npocn hxt> noflMaTb 
bt> TeqeHÎH moh BemH, CanorH, nabiBinie Ha noBepxHOCTH, eme 
CMorjm BbiTamHTb, ho JieAopy6T> — ropAOCTb h Apyri> ajibnHHH- 
CTa — moh MK>HxeHem> Hauiejn> npeacAeBpeMeHHO cboio Morany 
bt> AajieKHx-b nyqHHaxi> KaBKa3a. 

Co^Hue CKopo CA'feJiajio CBoe a^o h, 4epe3-b nojmaca 
cyuiKH, bch KOMnaHin ABHHyjiacb Bnepe/vb kt> ypycÔieBy, bt> 
AOBOJibHO neqajibHOM-b HacrpoeHiH, Taic-b Kaicb aoktopt> He xo- 
rbjn» h cjibimaTb o BocxoHcneHiH na 3jib6pycb 6e3T> TpeTbaro 
cnyTHHKa, a MH-fc hath 6e3i> jieAopyôa cqejrb HeocropOECHbiM'b. 
HaM-b ocTaBa/iocb npoflTH 6e3i> Majiaro ABa^uaTb BepcTi>; CHa- 
qajia no CKajiHCTOH Tpon'fe, caenca nopocuieô TpaBOK), noTOMT> — 
eme 3aAO^ro ao BnaAGHiH lOceHrn bt> BeKcaHT>— BCTynaeMT> bt> 
AOBOJibHO rycTOH cocHOBbift jrfecb, npoAOJiMcaiouiiHCH 6e3i> ne- 
pepbiBa 3a npeA'fejibi qTeHÎH ct> AAK)^b-cy. <J>hpht> h jieAT> cko. 
po CKpbiJiHCb H3i> BHAy, eu;e ao jrbca; TponHHKa, ejie3aM%THan 
% HaAi> 6eperoMT> K)ceHrH, ôyuiyiomaro SA^Cb KacKaAaMH Meaeb 



— 202 — 

cicajrb, npeBpaiiiaeTCH BAOJib BaKcaHa bt> uiHpoKyio rpyHTOByio 
AOpory, y^ce HftrA'k ne CKpbraaiomyiocH no Bceâ ^o^HH-fe. 3;ib- 
ôpycb, KOToparo mh HaA^ajiKCb CHOBa y3p-feTb qepe3T> Tep- 
CK0^3CKoe ymejibe *), Ha 3tomt> nyTH BOBce He noKa3biBaeTca; 

OHT> OrpaHHHHJICH CBOHMIj KOpOTKHMT> npHB-feTOMT>, KHHyTHM'b 

HaMT>, KorAa mh ctohjih Ha TyjibCKOM'b nepeBajrfe. Jtea pa3a 
M-feHHeTCH HanpaBJieHie AOporH noAT> npaMbiM-b yr-noMi*— y c;ii- 
hhîh p-feK-b h AaJibine, Kor^a BaKcaHT> p-fe3KO CBopaqHBaerb Ha 

C'feBepO-BOCTOK'b. }KHJIbH HHFA'k BOKpyrb He BH^aTb; TOJIbKO 
KOHHHX-b CTpaHCHHKOB-b BCTptTHJIH Ha nyTH, TaMT>, iy^ OTKpbl- 

BaeTCH qy^ecHaH AOJiHHa AAioji-b-cy. TycTO 3apocuiaH ejiKaMH, 
HacToamaa Aeôpb, oHa OTKpbiBaerb bhat> Ha H-feKOTopbia 6-fejibia 
MaKyuiKH caMbix-b npHqyA^iHBbix-b (JjopM-b h yacacaiomeH bhco- 
th. IloAaJibine ott> Hea OTB-feTBJiHeTCH ymejibe LUexH-nbAH, ko- 
' Topoe, KaK-b roBopHT-b, nepji-b KaBKa3a — 6e3noAOÔHOH KpacoTbi. 
no BbixoA'b H3i> poujH, to Ha stomt*, to Ha ji'fcBOM'b ôepery, — 

Ce^eHÎH, )KeHU;HHbI BT> CB'feTJlblX'b }KeJlTbIX-b HJ1H p030BbIXT> njia-rb- 

hxt> 3aHHMaiOTCfl Ha nojrk. Bce Kaicb-TO npHB-feTJiHB-fee, q-feM'b bt> 

CBaHeTÎH. O^eHb npHMHTHBHO yCTpOHCTBO OHarOB-b BT> HXT> XH- 

MCHHax'b; Ha M-fecro Tpyôbi — b-b Kpbini-fe Awpa, Ha KOTOpyio CTa- 
bhtt> KOHHqecKyK) n;ieTeHKy, oÔMa3aHHyio ivihhoh. H-feKOTOpbia 

HCHJIHma nOCTpOeHbl BT> 3eMJrfc H HXT> eABa OTJIHMHTb ott> noq- 

Bbi — Hacroamie mimieri apxHTeKTypbi. Booôme AepeBHHHbia h 
Ka.MeHHbiH nocTpOHKH nepeivieHcaK)TC5i; Bb KH30BbHXT> ace stoh 

AOJ1HHH, TA^ HCHe3aeT-b XBOHHblH JltCb H ApeBH-feHUlÎH nOpOAbl 

ycrynaiorb M-fecTO H3BecTKOBMM , b HacjioeHiaM-b, TaMiî mh pcTp-fe- 
qaeM-b jiHinb KaMeHHbie, 6-fejibie BbixojieHHbie aomhkh. 

Kam> 3HaMH BaKcaHCKOfi aojihhh, 3a npeA'knaMH en bo3- 
BbiuiaeiCH uiHpOKiH cb 9toh CTopoHbi floHrycb-OpyH'b; oht> y*;e 
BbiCTynaeTT> ceflqacb 3a AAiojrb-cy h npoBoacaerb nyTHHKa Aa- 

JieKO, BnJlOTb AO AXMaTOBOH. 

Bt> ayjn> ypycôieB-b (1506 m.) mh npHÔbum 4 aBrycra ao- 
BOJibHO paHO, MorjiH Ha Aocyr-fe BbiôpaTb ceô'fc noAxoAHiuee npHcra- 

HHmC ToCTHHHHUa, O KOTOpOH TOBOpHTCH Bl» BeA^KKep'fe, BOBCe 

He cymecTByeTT>; Tannce H'feT'b KHH^KecKaro AyxaHa **). TlyTe- 

*) FIpHM. HuHt KaBKa3CKHMi> ropHbiMi, OôiueciBOMT, nocTpoeno yôtwH- 
lut «Kpyrojopi»)». 

**) HacKo^bKO mohcho nojiaraTbCH Ha CBtAtHin, AaBaeMUH CBaireîaMH, 
BHflHo y>Ke H3i> Toro, hto ohh yTBepwflajiH, ôyjwo bt> YpycôieBt flBaauaTb ay-, 
xaHOBi,. O Ha3BaHiHXi> ropi> y hhxt» TaKMce caMoe 3anyiaHHoe npejiCTaBJieHie. 



— 203 — 
uiecTBeHHHKH Hep-feAKo no^Lb3yiOTCH rocTenpiHMCTBOM-b kh. ypyc- 

ÔieBa, HO Ha 3T0Tb pa3T> HaiVTb OTCOB%TOBaJIH OÔpaTHTbCH KT> 

jieMy, roBopn, mo aomt> ero nepenojiHeHT>. y oahoh) h3t> pOA- 
CTBeHHHKOB-b niaBHaro khh3h HaMi> yjsjàJinjivL npOCTpaHHyK) KOM- 
naTy, KOTopoio BnpoqeM'b npHinjiocb aHeprHHHO BbiB-feTpHTb, Aa- 
jih MaTpauu, noAyuieicb, OA'kaa'b, a TaKHce KepocHHy, 3aiHHn-kjrb 
caMOBap-b, OAHHM'b cjiOBOM-b, Bce ôbuio npeKpacHO, ecjiH 6t> He 
conpoBOKAaBiuie cBaHeTbi. CBbiuje AByx-b qacoB-b mh cb hhmh 
npoB03HJiHCb, Topryacb o AaBHO yace ya/iOBJieHHbix-b u%HaxT>; 
3th neperoBopbi npoHCxoAHJiH bt> KOMHarfe — Hac-b qeTBepo, 

UieCTb HOCHJIblUHKOB'b, ABa „KHH3H a , eBpeS JiaBOHHHKT>, TpH 

MceHiAHHbi-xo3HHKH, ABoe peôsrrb hxt> h ab* KypHUbi; a 3arbM-b 
eme H-fecKOJibKO BOiueAuiHx-b ct> yjinubi h y BcfexT> okoht> 3pn- 
TejiH. Bott> y^OBOJJbCTBie, bm^cto cnoKOHHaro OTAbixa h yTO- 
jiemn rojiOAa noarfe nyra! -Bt> kohu^-kohuobt> ohh ycoMOHH- 
jiHCb h Ha npomaHie— noHcejiaHÎH npiHraaro nyieuiecTBin, Tpo- 
raTejibHoe pyiconoacaTie... 

Ayjrb npeACTaB^HeT-b coôoh ôojibiuyio AepeBHio; aomhkh — 
Bce ôojibiue 0AH03Ta^KHbie — pacnojio)KeHbi npaBHJibHO, o6pa3ya 
yjiHUbi; H-bKOTopaa nacTb acHTC/ieH — saHCHTOHHbie jiioah, ocoôeH- 
ho BJiaA'bHin KHH3efl ypycôieBbixt npocTHpaiOTCH OHeHb Aa.ne- 
ko, eme bt> nHTHAecHTHBepCTaxT> OTcioAa y hhxt> ecTb 3eM;w. 
• FIohth Bce Hacejieme AOJiHHbi MarOMeTaHCKoe h *ro;ibKO ct> ATa- 
HcyKHHa 3aM-feTHbi TaïQKe h pyccKie, ho no-pyccKH noHHMaiorb 
oneHb MHorie. KyAa ôojibiue, HeacejiH B-b CBaHeTin, ta^ 6e3*b 
rpy3HHCKaro AOBOJibHO TpyAHO. 

IlepBOHaqajibHO Mbi cocTaBHjiH Mapmpyrb H3i> ypycôieBa 
qepesTï ATa>KyKHMO bt> HajibMHK-b, htoôm nocKop'fee BbiôpaTbcn 
Ha noHTOByio Aopory, h yroBopH^HCb ct> ôpaTOM-b CTapuiaro 
khh3h, hto oht> Hacb AOCTaBHTb TyAa 3a 40 pyôjiefl. Ct> jio- 
uiaAbMH 6biJia onHTb crapaa HCTopia— OH-fe nacjwcb rA'k-TO bw- 
coko — h nosTOMy p-feuiH^H no.Tfe3Tb B-b apôy (AByxKOjiecHyio 
Tejrfery 6e3-b npyaŒH-b) h yAOBOJibCTBOBaTbcn AByMH ôbiicaMH, 
BM-feGTO 6^aropOAHbixT> KOHefl. Hhkto He oacHAajrb, hto Ha npo- 

TH)KeHiH nOJlCOTHH BepCT-b AOpOra yC%HHa KaMHHMH, Ha KaHCAOM'b 

oôoporfe Kojieca Hacb npAÔpacbiBajio pa3a TpH, h HacTOJibKO Ma- 

^0 H-feHCHO, HTO npOHyMepOBaTb KOCTH Ka3aJIOCb He H3;iHIHHHM'b. 

rioBOAbipb Haïu-b CHA^-b cnepeAH Ha nepenjierb, no^OHceHHOMT> 
aïonepeKT? AHuuia, a phaomt> ct> apôofl rapuoBaji"b oA^Tuft bt> 



— 204 — 

ôypny iviaBHHH pe>KHCcepT> stoô — cnaBa Bory, nocjrfeAHefi no- 
-fe3AKH,—Ka»eTCH cbohkt> khji3h. TeMm> ôuKOB'b eABa paBHHCT- 
ch ntiueMy nepeABHHcemio h bt> nepBhift aeHb, BbrfcxaB-b yace 
TaKi> no3AHO, bt> no;iAeHb, He npHuuiocb npoflTH ôojibiuoro pa3- 

CTOHHÎH, HO BCe HCe MbI HaA'bHJlHCb 6bITb BnpaB-fe pa3CHHTMBaTb 

Ha cnoKOHHbiâ ho^hoA kpobt>. 06a KaôapAHHija yrfeuiajiH, oô-fc- 
maa, hto h cjrfeflyiomyK) HOHb mohcho ôyAerb npoBecTH bt> xy- 
Topt. MHHOBajiH BeabiMi>, KypMyacaH'b h yace TeMH-fejio, Koraa 
mm npO'bxajiH mhmo OTB'kTBJiemH AoporH, Beaymaro bt> rereMi>. 
BcKopt p%HKa, Ha3Bame KOTOpoâ He npmiOMHK), npepbiBaerb 
nyTb; OHa ocrajiacb bt> HeaoôpoH naMara, cmohhbt> Haarb no- 

XOAHblH KpOBaTH, ÔJiarO^apH HeOCMOTpHTeJIbHOCTH B03HHUH. Rsl 

eaiH 6t> He crpauiHaa CH;ia 6hkobt>, to bch apôa Moraa oc- 
TaTbCH bt> BOA'b. CyAH no Kaprfe mm He 0>KHAaJiH b6jih3h hh- 
KaKor^ cejiemH, no Kyqepb Bce yB-fepnjrb, hto bott* cettoacb . 
npi^eM-b; HaKOHeivb, okojio AeBHTH qacoB-b Beqepa, eMy noKa 
3a;iocb AOCTaTOHHO, oht> ocTaHOBHJi'b apôy npaMO Ha Aoporfe, 
cpe^H JiyroB-b h co cjiOBaMH „nprfexa;iH, 3Àicb cnaTb", npe^o- 
CTaBHJi'b HaM-b pacnojiOHCHTbCH SA^Cb KaKi> yroAHO, 6yAT0 Taicb 
caMO co6ok) pa3yM-feeTCH. E;iaro 6biJia najumca, a to htoôh mh 

AtjiaJIH? HO B-fe^b OHH 3T0r0 He 3HaJIHÎ 

9to 6hjio, aojihcho nojiaraTb, ao Op30KOBCKaro. H3Beer- 
kobhh œajibi, KOTOpbiH THHyTCH ao ryHAejieHa, npHAaKvrb ao- 

JlHH-fe eme H3B-feCTHyK) >KHB0nHCH0CTb CBOHMH KpyTbIMH CKJI0- 

HaMH; 6jiH3-b AxMaTOBofl h CbipOBapeHHaro 3aB0Aa (npHHaA^ie- 
Mcaïuaro Tenepb ^H-feMay " cb H-feivieuKofi (J}aMH^iefl) MHoro yroji- 

KGB-b AOCTOHHblX'b KHCTH XyAOHCHHKa. flo KpaHMT> BblB'feTpHB- 

hihxch Teppacb 3aM-feTHbi cjrfeAbi iKHBOTHaro Mipa, MHoroqHCJieH- 
hhh, npaBHJibHO pacnojioxceHHbiH Hopbi nrairb. Hacb nopa3HJio, 

CKOJIbKO B-b BaKCaHCKOH AOJIHH-fe XHJHHHKOB'b-OpJIOB'b H COKO- 

jiobt>, h naic-b pa3i> npeHMymecTBeHHO bt> HacejieHHOft qacra ea. 
ripH BnaAeHÎH ryHAejieica xapaKTepi> M-bcTHOCTH M-feHneiCH h3t> 
CKajiHCTaro bt> xojimhcthh h 3JionojiyqHbifl ôyjiwrH ycTynaKyr'b 

M-feCTO pOBHOMy 3eMJlHHOMy nOJIOTHy. U-fejlOe MHOXCeÇTBO ApeB- 
HHXT> rpo6HHUT> HaXOAHTCH SA'tCb; OH-fe HM^IOT-b BHAT> CKJienOBT> 
Cb OTKpblTHMH, BbICOKO Jie^CaïUHMH OKHaMH, 6t31> ABepeÔHKpbl- 
TbIXT> 3aOCTpeHHHMH KaMCHHblMH KynO^aMH. Bl> H'feKOTOpMX'b 

eme Tji'bïOT'b yMepuiie bo BpeMH nocji'bAHefi xojiepHOô snHAe- 
MiH, KOTopbix'b nojio^oiJiH CK>Aa. M-fecTaMH ctohtt> HaArpoÔHbie 



— 205 — 

naMHTHHKH (J)opMbi TyM6i> cb H3BaHHHHMH h necTpo BbikpauieH- 
hmmh rojiOBaMH, Kaide mh BH,zvbJiH yytte Bbiuie ypycÔieBa, a 
Bflajm MejibKaeTT> cpe^H Tonojieô npHB-feTJiHBbiâ aomt> H-feKoero 
khh3h, noM%mHKa. IIIecTbAecflrb Bepcrb ott> ypycôieBa ao 
ATaxcyKHHa. nprfexaB-b bt> ATaacyKHHO BTOpoe (KOTopoe jie- 
MOiTT> cfeBepH-fee), mm ocTaHOBHJiHCb y MaroMeTaHCKofi Mènera, 
Ky^a noAaJiH Tejrbry 3anpHHceHHyK) napoio JioiuaAefi, 3aM-feHHB- 
myio yacacHyio apôy. BM-fecTO HaJibHHKa p-feuieHO 6hjio -bxaTb 
Aajibine qepe3T> ropoAOK-b raHqaHCKoe-Ky™a3yKHHO (17 Bep.) 
Ha CTamùio ripoxjiaAHyio, OTcroamyio eme Ha 40 Bepcrb. Khh3io 
npHÔaBH^H nHTOKT> 3a jiHiiiHiH KOHeivb; ohi> BnpoqeM-b yTBep- 
ynnajvb, hto -fexaTb Ha MapbHHCKoe 6;iH)Ke, h BnpaBAy, no H-fe- 
KOTopHMT> KapTaMTî TaKi>, ho 3aTO CTaHuin acejrb3HOH AoporH 
MeHbiue h Aajibiue ott> B;iaAHKaBKa3a, KyAa mh Tenepb HanpaB- 
jihjih cboh CTonbi. flocjrfeAHHH ocTaHOBKa 6bi;ia CA'kJiaHa B-b Kyq- 
Ma3yKHHCKOM , b KapaBaH-b-capa-fe, rA'fc Toate He OKa3ajioc£ Kpo- 

BaTefi, HO BAOBOJlb n03a60THJIHCb O BHyTpeHHHX-b TeJltCHblX'b 

6jiaraxT> 

npHMO yAHBHTe/ibHO KaKaa Macca ap6i> -fexajia HaBCTptqy, 
KorAa mh 7-ro Mqa^H bt> ripoxJiaAHyio; Bcb OH-fc ao Bepxy ômjih 
HanojineHbi ap6y3aMH — c/iaBHHH ypoacaft. Hacroamaa K»KHaH 
npHpoAa CKa3biBaeTCH sA^cb bt> HH3MeHHOCTH: cyxaa H3BeerKO- 
Ban no^Ba, Ha KOTopoâ TpaBa coBepmeHHO Bîmerb, AJiunnan 
Hcejrraa KyKypy3a, najinmifi B03AyxT>, HacbimeHHbift napaMH.... 

B^aJIH BH^HtlOTCH POIIJH, OH-fe KaKT> Ôy^TO OTA'bjieHbl OTT> 3eM- 

jih h B03BbiiuaK)TCH Ha^T* nojiocoio boah— 3to cjrbACTBie npe- 
jiOMJieHin Jiyneft. KaKaa Hen3M-kpHMaH pa3H0CTb MeacAy stoh 
kapTHHofl h toh, KOTopyio Mbi co3epua;iH TpH ahh Ha3aAT>> na- 

XOAHCb CpeAH B'feqHblX'b CH'ferOB'b ! 

Ha c/rkAyiomee me yTpo ^8-ro aBr.) no npi-fe3A^ bt> B;ia- 
AHKaBKa3-b Ha^o ôhjio no3a6oraTbCH o npioôp-bTeHiH jieAopyôa. 

rOTOBHX-b HIU^ He OKa3aJIOCb, HO Ha 3aKa3T> B3HJIHCb CA^aTb 

MH-fe HOBbifl, no o6pa3uy *). 3a 3 Va py6. h Morb nojiyqHTb ero 
H3i> cjiecapHofl MacTepcKOô bt> Te^eme qeTbipex-b nacoB-b. flo 

HeAOCTaTKy CB060AHbIXT> M-feCT-b BT> nOTTOBblX-b AH^HMcaHcax-b, 

ta^ ohh 3aKa3aHH y»e Ha ivbjiyio HeA^^io BnepeA'b, mm HaHHJiH 
KOJiHCJiy, Ha KOTopoô Bbi-fexajiH eme BeqepoM-b, nepeHOHeBajiH 



*) Bt» flnTHiopcK-h ohh HMtiOTCH bt> npaB^eHiH Kjiyôa, 



— 206 — 

bt> BajiT-fe h 9-ro no-bxajiH najibint no BoeHHo-rpy3HHCKOH ao- 
porfe BM-fecT-fe ao rBHjieTT>. O npejiecrax'b J,apbHJia Henero pac- 

npOCTpaHHTbCH, OH'fc BAOCTOJIb OnHCaHH BT> jiioôoM-b nyTeBOAH- 

Teji-fe. Oaho jiuuib CKaacy: KOHyca Ka36eKa no nyTH He BHAaTb 
6biJio Bn^LOTb ao CTaHuiH Ka36eKT>, ao KOTOpofl h He AO%xa;n>. 
>KejiaH b30hth Ha 3Ty ropy co ctopohh fleBAapaica, h AOJUKeHT> 
ôturb pa3CTaTbCH ct> MiOHxeHijaMH y TBHjieTCKOH 6yAKH (ryjie- 
Tbi Ha Bbicorfe 1447 m.), rA'fc Hacb Bcrp'feTH;n> ea CMOTpHTe^b 
Myca Be3ypTaHOBT>, crapmiâ h3t> HSB-fecTHbix-b Tpex-b ôpaTbeB-b 
npoBOAHHKOB-b. BjiaroAapa CTapaHÎHM'b PyccKaro TopHoro lOiy- 
6a opraHH30BaTb npoBOAHHHecTBO Ha KaBKa3-fe, bt> stoh M-fecTHO- 
cth yace qejiOBtK-b nnTHaAuaTb npo^eccioHajibHbix-b HOCHJibiuH- 
KOB'b-npoBOAHHKOB'b, KOTopbie npeHMymecTBeHHO A'bJiaiOT'b Cb 
TypHCTaMH SKCKypciH Ha 6jiH»aâuiie jicahhkh. Ohh HMtFOT-b oco- 

6bIH KHHHCKH, BT> KOTOpbIXT> 3anHCbIBaK)T'b 3KCKypcilO, H ÔJlHXy 

ct> HOMepOMT> Ha 6-fejibix-b 6apauiK0BbixT> manKax'b. 

JXjih ôojrfee nonyjinpHbix-b nporyjiOK-b h BOCxo)KAeHiH yT- 
Bep^ACHa ocoôaa TaKca, TaK-b ott> ryjierb ao ZleBAOpaHCKOfi 
6yAKH HOCHJibmHK-b nojiynaerb 1 py6.. OTTyAa ao EpMOJiOB- 
ckoh —3 pyô., a ct> ho^cbroh — 5 py6.; 1 TypHcrb njiaTHT-b 
npOBOMcaTOMy Ha BepuiHHy Ka36eica OT-b fleBAOpaica 15 py6., 
ABoe — 20). 

fl HaHHJi-b Mhx. UHKJiaypH ao XteBAopaKCKoii 6yAKH, rA'fe 

HCHBCT'b X03HHHT> eH, HcaaKT> BeSyCTaHOBT), CBOAHblH 6paTT> 

MycH h Hhh; Hcaaicb HHryui-b — MaroMeTaHHHT>, noôbïBaBuiiô 
yace BOceMb pa3i> Ha BepuiHH-fe, ceHbop-b ôyAymaro noKOjrbHia 
pycciŒX'b thaobij. J3,opo}KKa TyAa nocTpoeHa h coAepaaiTCH mh- 
HHCTepcTBOM-b nyTefi cooômeHia; OHa npojioaœHa cb MajiHM'b 

yKJlOHOM-b H AaeT-b B03M0)KH0CTb aohth ao 6yAKH BepXOMT>, a 

bhh3t> mohcho Aaace bt> apô-fe. Ha nepexoA'b noTpeôoBajiocb ABa 

Haca Cb JIHLUHHM-b npH pa3CTOHHiH BTj 8 BepCTb, KOTOpOe MOHCHO 

H-fecKOJibKO coKpaTHTb, no)KajiyH Ha BepcTy, ecjiH He H36-feraTb 
KpyTbix-b TponHHOK-b. B-b caMOM-b Haqajrb aojihhh KaôarH, 6jih3t> 
03epT>, pacnojioaœH'b 6-feAHbiô Ha bma^ nocejiOK'b, tfCH;wma HH3- 
kîh, H3i> cjiO)KeHHaro ôesij pacTBopa ecTecTBe.HHaro KaMHH, ct> 
eABa 3aM-feTHbiMH OKHaMH h njiocKHMH KpbiuiaMH. % CHanajia h npH- 
hhjit> hxt> 3a xji-feBa; ho bott> BbiôtKaJia TOJina oôoApaHHbix-b 
pe6HTT> h Hanajia npocHTb OAny Kon-feeqKy, Aa h npeAJiaraTb 
ropHbiô xpydajib. 9to ômjio bt> BOCKpeceHbe h Ha Bcrp'feHy ui^o 



— 207 — 

MHOrO TypHCTOB-b CT> fleB^OpaHa; BT> ÔyAHH MH-fe He npHUIJIOCb 

HaôjiiOAaTb TaKoro ABH)KemH. Bt> fleBAOpaKCKofl ôyAïcfe a nep- 
BbiMT> ^oJiroM-b croBopHjrn ct> HcaaKOM-b Ha CHerb Boexo>KAe- 
hîh, h Tor^a TOJibKO, 3apyqHBiiiHCb ero corjiacieM-b, npeAaJicn 
OTAbixy h CMaKOBamio mauiJibiKa — nepBaro bt> poAHOM-b ero 
jcpa-fe. Ko3be mojioko, npenoAHeceHHoe MH-fe xo3hhhomt>, 6hjio 
CTOJib xopouio, hto ero HHCKo;ibKO He OTjiHHHTb ott> jiyqmaro 
KOpOBbnro MOJiOKa; mohcho noJiyqHrb h 6-fejiaro xjrfeôa ct> Ma- 
CJiONTb, HaK), kopotko : 3ji^Ch Ha Bbicorfe 2330 m. crojrb noHTH 
He ycrynaerb ajibniftcKHM'b xo3HHCTBaM-b h akHbi o^eHb ywh- 
peHHbiH. Bt> 6yAKt AB-fe ôojibiuiH OTanjiHBaeMbia KOMHara, bt> 
KOTOpbix'b no nHTH npyacHHHbix-b KpoBaTefl cb KO^aHbiMH no- 
AyuiKaMH, ho 6e3-b ORtsui-b h 6-fejibH, 3aT-feM-b KyxHH h yôopHaa. 
npHCJiy^HBaeT-b KpOM-fe Be3ypTaH0Ba eme crapHK-b h ABoe Majib- 
hhkobt>— rpy3HH-b; pacTOponHOCTb h BHHMame HcaaKa, bt> oco- 
ôeHHOCTH Hce ero CHMnaraHHoe oôxoHCAeme ocTaBJunorb caMOè 
npiHTHoe BoenoMHHaHie o npeôbiBamH Ha .HeBAopaH-fe. Bt> mi- 
cjrfe nocfeTHTejieâ HaxoAHJica npeAcfeAaTe;ib PyccKaro TopHaro 
Kjiyôa A. K. (Jj.-MeKicb h noHHTaiejibHHua Ka3ÔeKa M. n. Flpe- 
oôpaMceHCKan, nepBaa h eAHHCTBeHHaa AaMa, oAOJrfeBiuaH 3Toro 
ropHaro BejiHKaHa. He3aAo;iro nepeAT> rfeM-b, bt> kohivè îiojih, 
3A^cb ocTaHaBJiHBajiCH H3B-fecTHbifl a^bnHHHCTT> A 4>. PaAio- 
Pa^iHCb H3-b B-feHbi h 6ap. JlHnne, coÔHpaBuiieca b3ohth Ha Bep- 
uiHHy Ka36eKa; ohh ôhjih npHHyacAeHH kt> OTCTynjiemK) no 
npH4HH-fe 6ypaHa h ouibHaro xojiOAa. Bojrfce yAaHHOH 6bi;ia 
tipeAnpHHHTan B-b TO>Ke ji-èto aiccneAHuiH A-pa PoHKeTTH. Ho 
3acTaTb TaKyio xopomyio noroAy, Kaia> MHt, yAae-rca p-feAKO. 
Bt> nepBbifi A^Hb h ptuiHJi-b aohth TOJibKO ao Hoqjiera Ha 
Baprb-Koprfe, no bo3mo)khocth Bbiuie, ÔJiHaœ kt> jieAHHKaM-b, 
HM-fen B-b BHAy npoAOJiacaTb nyTb Ha Apyroâ AeHb eme ao no;i- 
Haro pa3CB-feTa, tto KyAa npiaTH-fee Ha CB-feiviOM'b h He crojib 
pasqjieHeHHOM-b 4>0H-fe BepxHHx-b 4)HpHOBbixT> nojieft H JieAHH- 
KOB-b, q-feM-b Ha CKajiax-b. ToponHTbCH 3HaqHT-b 6hjio Henero h 

MbI TpOHyJIHCb n03AHHM-b yTpOMl>, OKO^O 10-TH HaCOBT*. CHapji- 

TKeme Be3ypTaHOBa OKa3a;iocb HepesHyp-b npocTbiMi>: Ha ho- 
rax-b— w 6aHAyJiH" t. e. Tyàpjin H3-b npoMacjieHHOfi kohch Cb ne- 
pen^eTOM-b, HanojiHeHHbie ctHOM-b, njiOTHO npHJieraiomie uiTaHbi 
h ajihhhhh ^erKift Ka^TaH^; a«^ih HoneBKH y Hero 6bun> ct> co- 
6oh Ty^ym>; BepeBKH He Haui^ocb, a jieAopyô'b Jiejnaji'b cjio- 



- 208 - 



Maimbift KaKHM'b to TypHCTowb, raici, iïto ero aaM-fcHHJVb opo- 
ctoh: ajibneniUTOK-b; kouikh oht> saôburb bsrtb Cb co6ok>— tojïb- 
ko r^eT4epHbie o^kh npe^cTaBJiH^H ocraToicb ôbuioro fijiecKa. 
OKpyHcaBiuaa SâHOpôîia 6bma onapoBaTe;ibHa: KpyroMi* sejie- 
Ht^iH Jiyra; BepxoBbia AOflHHbt, o6pa30Bamibia xpe6TO&rb Baprb- 
Kopra, BOSBbTiuaïOTcq na^-h CBJtbHO pacTpecKaBiuHMCH A^bao 
paKCKHM-b jieAHHKOMi> no HanpaBjieniio ki> c%Bepo-3anaAy rpo- 
MaAHOH ôypoâ ctehoio» Ka^ymcjocn OTCioAa OTB-fccHofl, a Ha^i» 
bcbmtï sthmti TêMHo-jiaaypeBoe hê6o, KSKOe ÔbTBaeT-b bhaho 

TOJlbKO Ha BblCÛTaXTs, TAt BOSjtyT&i HC baCbUIJ,eH'b BblJlbtO, KaKli 

BHH3y, OmicueaTb Taicyio Kpacoxy ne 6epycb; Aame xyAOHŒHicb 

ne Bis cocToaHÎH napHco- 
BaTb KapTHHbi, KOTopan Aa- 
jia 6u coBepiueHHoe npe^- 
CTaB^enie o neiï, Kaa(>£Ka 
ne BHAarbj oht> noHBJiHeT- 
ch mibKo npn nepexoA'B 
ra ApyrOH (jrfeBbiÊOftêperb 
;ieAHHKa. HenoAaJieKy ott> 

TpontîHKH, HtCKQJlbKO paSTs 

nepcchKaiumeit CHtMiHHC 
oôeajibi naxo;uiTCfl 3a6po- 
njenuoe a^aHie. btj koto- 
poMii paapaôaTWB.^iHcb 

npOK£e M-BA«blH pyAbii ao- 

GbtBeeMyfl Bbime lia nl:,- 
cKonhko cor-b MerpoBiv 
na c'Kriepo - BOCTOHKbix-b 
siaxii KaaCeKa. 
Ha nepxy romt bhaho 
sA^Hie, Ka^ymeecïi MâJieHb- 

KOH 6%JI0H TOMKOft^ OTT> 

KOTOpofl cnyCKaioTCH npo- 
bojiokh a^h TejrfeifceKTï, BcKOpli nepexoAMM'bHa caMbïH JieATiHK'b, 

OnTb BT> CBÛHX*b HH30BbHX-b 004TM BCCb flOKpblT'b CAOeMT> OCbina- 
tOtllHXCfl BbîB'ÈTpeHHbTX'b HOpOA'b; M^CTaMM KaJKeTCfl, ÔyATO HAeiîJb 

no ocuuh } h Ha^o ocTeperaTbCfl mejiefî, Troôbi He npoBajiHTbCH 
TyAa noroH h hc BZKTb HenpirtTHoiï BaHHbi ? a xoneine xysce. Fie- 
peflAfl "tepesij A^BAopaicb, Mbi BwfipajiH HanpaBJienie na w UIa- 




ijee^opam^ Ka3dCKTi h EpMOJioDCKaH xh* 
HtHHa (3480 m.). 




Ji0jn»% ocbinb BapTTs'Kopraj M%cTaMH nOKpbîTyio Tpasofl, 6jia- 
ro/iapa qeny ona yate m&anu Bbi/vfejiHeTca Ha KopimHeBOM'b 0o- 
Ht. Hajvb neto, na caMoirb rpefint cicajiu, e;jBa bhah%ctch Ep- 
MOJtoBCKasi xM>KHHa t S^licb y ace k£t% hmïœkoh flOpOHOCH, muih 

M%CTaMH B03ABMfHyTH KaMeHHHH HHpaMHAKM no nyTH CJlt^OBa- 

hîh TypHCTOB-b, Ha Bbicorfc okojio 3000 m. il c4>0'wrpa4>Hpo- 
BSiJVb -ne^HHKi> m BbTr^HAHBâiomyio bt> CMJibHOMTb coRpamemu 
manicy Kasôena (cm. 0om.)> Ecjih ncuHaibca Bunie, na cmuii 
xpe6eTiî, to oh^ oKaabiBaeTcsi y me Ky^a Kpyqe, KâKi^ bh^hq na 

CHHMK-fe {CM< tfiom.) EpMO^TOBCKOfl XHiKHHbl (3480 m.)* He6e3HH- 

TepecuOi 4T0 Mepuôaxep-b *) 

C^THTaeT-b 3T0Tb KOHyCb, KO- 
TOpwfi BOSBHLUaCTCH HajTb 

/leBAapaHOM'b, ne KaaSeKOMi,, 
a nepBoiï BojmniiJKoft» bhco- 
toh B-b 4300 m, h rOBOpuT-b, 
mo ee orcio^a naCTo old h 
ôo^ho npHHMMaioTT> 3a caMyio 
BepuiHHy, Ha bio MH-fenie a 

06paTHJlT> BHHMaHie Kl* COHCâ- 

JttHiio TOJibKO yace no B03- 
BpameHÎH ct> KasKasa h îio- 
TOMy na M^cxt He npoB-bpH^-b 
ero, ho h BeaypraHOB'b, Ha 
Moîi Bonpocii 3TO jih KasSeKT^ 

OTB-feTMJlli yTBepilHTe.lbHO^ (J)0- 
TOrpa(})îï!, BHA'fcHHHa MHOEO H 

moc na6j[K>Aeïrie romt bïiojiu^ 
UOATBepa{AaK)T"b noc/rfeAFiee, 

FlepBOH BOJirHUJKOH Hte OITb 

c^HTaeTt KpanHe CKajiHCToe 
B03BbnueHie Baprb-KopTa b^ 4008 m*, r^t mm Bnocjifc^CTsiH nepe- 
HO^esam ^Bo/irHiiiKa*" oaHa^aerb hto to spo^% CKa;mCTaro para m 
noaTOMy h ^yMaio, hto OH'b ripas^ ut HasbiBan TaKHM'b o6pa30M-b 
CH*fc>KHbifî Ôyrop-b B-b 4300 m.» nocfliuifl fia Kaprb Mepijôaxep'b 

3TO HaaBaHie. J\0 EpMOJIÛBCKOH XJDKHHH Mbl HUM, C4HTaîl OCTa* 

hobkh, 5 qaeoB-b. npojxoJUKHTeJibnocTb BOCxoagteHiji— n-b cpeA- 




KaaîCKTï (5044 m.) ciï (JjupHûaoro no/ia 
(4200 m.) 



*) Ca*n» oht» rre uojxni-iMâJicH He oTCio^a, a H3*b fenajibAOHa. 



— 210 — 

» 

HeMT> 230 m. bt> qacb — oô^HCHaeTCH tjdkcjioh Houieâ; y Hacb 
BABoeM-b 6hjio (j)yHTOB , b 50 ct> coôoio *). ycTajiocTH mm Bnpo- 
qeM-b He qyBCTBOBajm h noTOMy He 3acHaŒBaacb bt> ôyAK-b, 
TpOHyjiHCb Aajibine Ha caMbiâ rpeôeHb, Aocraraiomifi 3A*fecb m. 
6. 5500 m Ha Bepxy OTKpbiBaeTCH bhat> h no Apyryio CTOpOHy 
Ha MancMift jieAHHKT> h xpeôerb, Ha rpynny AAaS-xoxa, a Ha 
boctok% — IIIaHi» (4430 m.), ocraBiuiHCH ao chxt> iiop-b A'ks- 

CTBeHHHM-b, HeCMOTpH Ha 6jIH30CTb erO OTT> BOeHHO-rpy3HHCKOfi 

Aopora. BesA^ Ha acajiax-b, BHH3y Kaicb h Ha rpeÔHt, oôyBb 
Be3ypTaHOBa 6e3yc;iOBHO OKa3breaJia ayninyio cjiyacôy, q-feM-b 

MOH OÔHTbie TB03AHMH CanOrH (CBOHXT> napyCHHOBbïX-b, KaKÎH 

ynoTpeôJiHiOTCH bt> flojiOMHTax-b, h He b3hjit> ct> coÔoio) h mejrb 
oht> OHeHb npbiTKO. CjiaHueBbie cjioh HM-feiorb oneHb KpyToâ 

HaKJIOH-b H CHJIbHO BbIB'kTpeHbl, TaKT> HTO M-feCTaMH KaMHH CH- 

Ahtt> He TBepAO. Ho jia3aHie no aTHM-b CKajiaM-b Bce ace He 
npeACTaBJineT'b HHKaKHX'b TexHHuecKHX'b TpyAHOdefl; kohcmho, 
coBcbMT> cjiaôbie HepBbi hjih CKjioHHOCTb ktj rojioBOKpyHcemio 
HeyM-fecTHbi. BpeMeHaMH npHxoAHTCH H3BHBaTbca h npHÔ'braTb 
kt> noMO^H pyK-b, sto c-b npH6jiHHceHieMT> K-b B HOH^ery Flpeo- 
6pa»ceHCKOH a , yAa^HO BbiôpaHHOMy M-bcTenicy, noAT> 3amHTOfi 
Bbiciynaiomefl ct> BocTOKa BepTHKajibHOH CT-feHKH xpeÔTa. 

CjlfeAyK)miS 3a HHMT> CKaJIHCTbifi OTpOr-b OÔXOAHMT» CT> 

jrfeBOH (bocto^hoh) CTOpOHbi no cjiaHueBOH ocbinH, nocTeneHHO 
nepexoAHmeft bt> aHAUHTOByio cbparo uB^Ta. 3a c%ajiobhhoh— 
HOBoe B03Bbimeme, kt> KOTopoMy Aoeryn-b 3aTpyAHaeTca cch- 
naiomHMCH npH Maji-kfimeM-b npHKOCHOBeHiH meÔHeM-b H3KpacHa- 
KopH4HeBaro aHAe3HTa. 3to h ecrb IlepBaH BojirHuiKa, nyHKTT> 
4u08 m. Ha OAHy xoAbôy AoeiOAa mh noTparajiH 1 h. 40 mhh. 
ott> 6yAKH. BbicoTa Haineft ctohhkh npeBOcxoAHJia Ha 100 m. 
Bbicinyio ropy BOCTOHHbix'b Ajibn-b, ho. BneqaTjrbme nojiyqaeTCH 
coBcbM-b Apyroe. Taivrb qyBCTByeuib ceôa Ha Bbicinefl Tomcfe — 
Bce KpyroM-b HHace, Bcfe BepuiHHbi OKyTaHH jieAHHicaMH h no- 
KpblTbl MOmHbIMT> CH'ferOM'b, (})OpMbI pa3HOo6pa3Hbi... SA'kcb, xo- 
TH H BbICOKO — JieAHHKH, H T'fe CnyCKaiOTCH Ha U'fejlblX'b lV2 Be pCTT> 

BepTHKa^bHO HH^ce Hac-b — ho H-feT-b cboôoah B3opy, OKpyacaio- 
mia ropbi * sacTaBJiHioT-b qyBCTBOBaTb CBoe npeBoexoACTBO, He 

OTJIHHaHCb OCOÔeHHOH H3HU;HOCTbK) OÔJlHKa, a noAT> HoraMH — 



*) HtKOTopwe cqHTatOT-b 6 <jacoBi> Hço6xoAHMbiMi> BpeMeHeMi>. 



- 211 - 

roJiHii KaMeHb; rpaHHua B-feqHaro CH^ra eme BbiineHacb h cnpa- 
uiHBaerb ceôn: Kcr^a ace HaKOHem> BCTynHuib bt> Bbicoicorop- 
Hyio oôjiacTb!? 

Bt> oaho H3i> cbohxt> npeMCHHx-b BoexoMCAemfi B. CMacTe- 
Phjit> 3Kbcb ABa Jioaca. Ohi> pacqHCTHJi'b hxt> ott> KpynHHXTj 
KaMHefi, KOTopbie CBajmjrb no 6oKaMT>, ycrpoMB-b TaKHM-b oôpa- 

30MT> CT-feHKH BbICOTOK) BT> 2 (ftyTa, 3aiItfimaK>miH XOTb HeMHOrO 

ott> B%Tpa, KHor^a 3B-bpcKH ôymyiomaroHa stoh otkphtoh Ma- 
KyuiK-b. Boah mohcho AOCTaTb no 6jih30Cth, npoflAfl HeMHoro 
BnepeAi> no HanpaBjieHiio kt> (JmpHOBOMy nojno, kt> TaiomeMy 
ivieTqepy. Yace cb HH30BbeBT> Bapi-b-KopTa en Hejib3H ôhjio 
HaôpaTb Ha nyTH. H3i>-3a 3Toro HeAOcraTKa, ôhjio 6m jiyquie 
ecjm 6-b yôtaoîme ycrpOHJiH Ha BojirHimck. BjiaroAapn npeAy- 

CMOTpHTeJlbHOCTH B, MbI HaiHJIH OCTaBJieHHyiO HMT> Tyi"b ÔyTHJI - 

Ky h qepe3-b 10 MHHyrb y Hacb HM-fejiocb HŒBHTejibHOH BJiarH 

BAOCTOJIb. fl yCTpOHJICH KHnHTHTb BOAy A^H qafl, a B. npHHHJI- 
CH 3a MOH qepHOC^HB-b Cb TaKHMT> XJiaAHOKpOBieM-b, 6yATO OHT> 

ero HenpHKOCHOBeHHa» coôcTBeHHOCTb. MeacAy rfeM-b jicahhko- 
Ban BOAa He3aiŒnajia; 0Ha, He C0Aep)Ka B03Ayxa, HM-berb ro- 
pa3A0 Bbicuiyio TOHKy KHn-feHiH, q-feM-b HopMaJibHaa, ho mh* eme 
noKa3ajiocb, ôyATO njiaMH TBepAaro A^HaTypaTa TO>Ke BHHOBaTO 
h coBcbM-b He rp-feeTT> h Mon> bt> newb AepncaTb najiem> Ht- 
CKOJibKO cexyHA'b, He omyman HHKaKoro oacora. Tarn* bott> h 
He yAajiocb corp-fe-rbca qaeM-b, nojiyqHJiacb JiHiiib Tenjiaa aceji- 
TOBaTan BOAHua h h p-kniHjrb Ha cjrkAyiomiH pa3i> 3anacTHCb 
roTOBbiM-b qaeM-b h 6paTb cb coôoio HŒAKiH cnHprb hjih 6eH- 
3hht>. Ha cqacTbe annerarb bi. 9thxt> BHCOTax-b h nocjrfe npo- 
AOJDKHTejibHaro BoexoKAeHia coBcfeivrb njioxT>; mm TOJibKO cjier- 
Ka OTAajiH AOJin> (J)H3HqecKOMy „H tt h Haqajm npHroTOBJiHTbca 
K"b HoqeBK-fe. KaK-b TOJibKO cojiHue CKpHJiocb 3a cocfeAHHMH Bep- 
uiHHaMH, TeMnepaTypa cpa3y qyBCTBHTejibHO noHH3HJiacb h Ha- 
CTynHji-b Moposetp^ B. yKyTajiCH B-b Ty^ym>, h B^-fe3T> bt> cnajib- 

HMH M-feuiOK-b, 3aBH3aBT> H TOJIOBy 3a HCKJHOqeHieM-b KOHqHKa 

Hoca h yjierjiHCb bt> OAHy H3-b ^KpoBaTefl"— naTeHT-b Be3ypTa- 
HOBa, no^03KHBT> Me^cAy coôoft ÔyTHJIKy BOAM, qTOÔM OHa 3a 
Hoqb He 3aMep3;ia. Ho, He TyTT>-TO 6m;io! 

ycbHHHoe 3B-fe3AaMH Heôo h coBepuieHHoe 3aTHuibe npeA- 
Bkui&Jiu Ha Apyrofl AeHb qyAHyio noroAy. KaK-b TopacecTBeHHa 
Tanan Hoqb cpeAH BejiHqecTBeHHOH npHpOAM, Ha rpoMaAHofl, a^h 



- 212 - 

Hacb juoAefl, BbicH, Ky^a He AoaeTaerb hh oahht> 3ByKi>, hh 
oahht> npH3Haicb hch3hh! KaaceTCH, 6yATO npHnoAH5un> noKpOBT> 
ct> 6e3KOHeHHOCTH h B3rjiHHyjn> Ha ee. flojiro a CMOTp'fejrb Ha 
TaHHCTBeHHoe 3Bi3^Hoe He6o, noKa HaKOHem> ApeMOTa He oao- 
jrbaa h, HacaMT> K-b Aecnra aoji>kho 6htb, mm 3acHyjm, coaca- 
ji'bfl, hto He HM'beM'b cb coôoio KapMaHHaro 6yAHJibHHKa, 6e3i> 
KOTOparo Bce ace He Taicb ciiokohho cmn-cn, orb 6oh3hh npo- 
cnaTb yTpo. npH TaKHxi> HoqeBKaxT> cjrkAyerb ôojibine 3a6o- 
THTbCH o6e3neHHTb cefin ott> xoaoAa CHH3y, q%MT> cBepxy, Taicb 
KaKT> TenjionpoBOAHOCTb KaMeHHaro Jioaca Ky^a 3HaraTejibH'fee 
B03Ayxa. Bt> 9tomt> OTHOuieHiH h, HayqeHHHH ropbKHM-b onb> 
TOM-b, Majio nojiOHŒJiCH Ha HaayBHHH pe3HHOBbiH noAyuiKH H 
no KpaflHefi M-fep-fe He 6bi;n> pa30uapOBaH-b. K-b nara qacaM-b 
yTpa h npocHyjicH h Haqajn> TopMouiHTb CBoero cnyTHHKa, oneHb 
HexoTH npHnoAHHBiuarocH pa3MHTb cboh OKGqeH-fcBiuie h oivie- 
HcaHHbie kocth h HJieHbi. HacKOJibKO oht> pBajicn Bnepa Bne- 
peAT>, HacTOJibKO MH-fe Tenepb npHxoAHJiocb ero noArOHHTb. MH-fe 
9to yyne npeACKa3biBajrb r. (J)OH'b-MeKK'b. Rkno bt> tomt>, hto 
B. KaKi> HCTbiH'KaBKa3eu-b, HecMOTpn Ha cboh npeauriH noABHrH, 
He Moacerb noôopoTb ÔJiaroroB-feflHaro crpaxa nepeAi> crpaH- 
CTBOBaHieM-b no B-feMHbiM-b CH-feraMT> h rjieTqepaM-b. HacKOJibKO 
bo3mohcho oht> OTTHrHBa^i> Haqajio noxoAa. BaHAy^iH oht> Hajia- 
xcHBaji'b uijibiâ nacb h h yace Hanajrb mat* hhmt> noAmy^H- 
BaTb, mo oht> 60HTCH npoAOJi>KaTb BoexoacAeme, bhah bt> stom-l 
saA'feBaHiH ero qecTH eAHHCTBeHHoe cpeACTBO BbmrpaTb BpeMH. 
B-b Hauieû 6yTbiJiK^ OKa3ajicn jieAT> bm-^cto boah h, OTTaHBaa 
nojiCTaKaHa, h ceô'fc onaTb npHroTOBHjrb HeMHOHaco naeBHAHOH 

BOAHUbl^ COCTaBHBUieH BM-feCT'fe Cb napOK) ÔHCKBHTOB'b BeCb MOH 

3aBTpaKT>. B. h Toro He -bBinifi nyerajiCH bt> nyTb. Bcfe jiHinniH 
BeiIJH, ÔbIBUliH Hy^CHblMH ajih hoto, a TaioKe CH-feroBHe oôpyqH, 
no yB'kpemHM'b HcaaKa H3JiHuiHie, h ôojibuiHHCTBO npoBH3iH mh 

OCTaBHJIH 3A*Cb, Harpy3HB-b XOpOUieHbKO KaMHHMH, HTOÔU OH-fe 

B'b cjiyqa-fe BHe3anHO noAHHBuiefica 6ypH ne cnerfejiH bt> npo- 
nacTb. TojibKO 6e3-b Majiaro bt> 7 nacoB-b yTpa mh noKHHyjw 
npHCTaHHm'fe Ha BojirHiHK'fe. CHana^a HAeT-b Heôojibuioâ cnycKT> 
no nojiorofl h KpynHOH ocbinn no HanpaBJiemio Ha loro-sanaA^ 
h MeHbuie KaKi> Ha pa3CTOHHÎH nojiyBepCTbi, BCTynaeMT> Ha Bepx- 
hîh CKaTi> HaHCKaro jieAHHKa, BeAymiô kt> (})HpHOBOMy nojno. 
Cji-feBa BHAH^eTCH KynojiOBHAHan B03BbimeHHOCTb 5 cnjiouib no- 



- 213 - 



KpbiTaa CH-fcroMiï (n. 4300) h odptJBaiomaBCH k% ZleBAûpaKy, a 
no Apyryio CTopony, HeMHornM*b ^ajibiue nonxH orojieHHaa ae- 
jieHafl (aBrMTOBafl?) CKajia, Kûxopyio r-îKa npeo6pa)KeiiCKaïï OKpe- 
cTtîaa M npoHecH 4, f rocnoAn! tt na noAo6ie HSBtcTHofi cnaJibi Ha 
rpysHHCKoii ,Hopor%. TaKoe Hassanie onpaBAbraaeTCH bt» a^h- 
hom-b c^yqa-fe Combine, ^mt* xaM-b, noceKyHAHo c*b odpHBGBb 
CJieTatoT-b KaMHii pasHoti BejiiiqnHH bo Bcsmoe BpeMfi ahîi h nps- 
mo Tyaa, r^t npHxoAHTCfl haxh, noxOMy hto Aa^Bnie HajrbBo 
Moryx-b ncurb jiencuM'b eH r b>KHfeTM'b noKpoBOMiï OKaaarbCH onac- 
Hbifl mejiH bo jibAy* H 3Atcb BnpoqeMi* He orfeAyerb xopo- 

riHXbCîi ôes-b orjiHAKM, He3a6bi- 
Baxb onacBOCTH noAt noraMH, 
TtMii naie, ecjiH rypHCXH, 
Kaicb 6ujih Mbi, ne cBsiaaHbî 
BepeBKoii. OriHcaBi» dojïbiijyTo 
Ayry no (JmpHOBOMy nojiio.Hra- 
nian romca Koroparo npn6;L 
'{} m., mu nOAOïUJiH ia* 
GCHOBaHiiD BepxHHro Konyca 
KaaGeKa (ok, 4500 m,) (cm* 
r/jntti). LUejiif, BcxptqaBmiflca 
Ha 3xoh o6uinpHOii Teppacfe, 

OXaiI4aJIHCb CBOCiï UJHpHHOH, 

.noxoAHBTueH m* 6. ao 10 Ca- 
ECeHeH, HO BC'b OH*fc ÔbLTCH 33- 

nojiHÇPTH cïrfeiwb, no koto- 

poMy MOJKHO ÔfalJIO CMtjlO CTy* 

naxb, sa MCKJiio^eHieMii MicTij 
y KpaeB-b, ta^ OB*b MflroKt. 
Oopymi AMcTBMxejibHO He 
noHaAoÔMHCb, ôbijio h raicb JierKO xojiHTb, ho, cyA» no Kpyrr 
^axoMy BMAy cuira, dbîEaiox'b BpeMeHa, KorAa ohï» coBcfeMij 
pbixjibiâ. Ha me BocxojKAenie ocymecxByjiocb nocjrfe npoAOJi}KH- 
xejibHoft HCHGH noroAtij b^ nepiGAT> Koxopoft ne BbinaAS-rao 
ocaAKOB-b, a y>Ke jieHcaBmie nOKpbiJiHCb rviaaypbH). Cxi* aïoû 
ojieAeH-b/LocTH h wmm KasÔema ô.necx'fe.aa oxpaucan Jiy^n 
BocxoAflmaro bhcoko h3at> ropaMH cojinua, B. Bce Ch 6e3- 
nOKOHCXBOMis norvmAkïBajrb Ha hckphiuihcîi CKax^ nepeA'i» HaMH 
H oxatfb, 4to ôy^ex-b oneiib xpyAHD iroAHi-iMaThca. Mw bu- 




«■Ma^bifl KaaôeKL* (ci» ct^OBinibi). 



— 214 - 



6pa;iH nyTb kt> cb^OBHH'b mokay rjiaBHOH h MeHbinefl 3a- 
naAHOfi BepuiHHOH, a oiryAa p-feuiHJiH HanpaBHTbCH npHMO Ha 
npaBHft CKa^HCTbift BHCTyn-b Ha ôojibiuoM-b KasôeK'fe. Koihkh 
6biJiH y MeHH ya<e ct> caMaro Hanajia mecTBia no jieAHHKy h 
MH-fe sroTb yKJiOH'b B-b 45° ôbui-b KOHeqHO HHnoneM-b; h ycry- 
nHJi-b B — y cboh jieAopy6T>, a caMb Boopy^owica ero najiKofi. 
rioAHMancb cepneHTHHaMH BBepxT>, Mbi HaereHbKO j^jiajin ne- 
peAbiuiKH Ha noBopoTax-b h jiioôoBajiHCb KapTHHofl Ha 3anaA- 

HOMT> rOpH30HTk, TA^ 3a HarpOMOHC^eHHOH MaCCOH CH-fera Ui 

4600 m. BMA^H-b flaŒMapaH-xox-b (4778 m.) h MHoro BepuiHH-b, 

rpynnbi AAaft-xoxa (4646 m.) 
h t. a- AO caMaro 3;ib6pyca. 
Ilo3AHee BpeMH ahh OAHano 
noM-femajio pasiviHA'feTb Becb 

COHM-b rHraHTOB'b, nOTOMy 4T0 

o6;iaKa, noAHHMancb BCJi'feA'b 
3a HaMH nocTeneHHO 3aBOJia- 
KHBa^H BbicoTbi; Ha cfeBep-fe 
}Ke BHAHtjlCH BjiaAHKaBKa3-b. 
yCTaJIOCTb flOCTb CTOJIbKHXT> 

jiHiueHiH H3pHAHO AaBa;ia ceôa 

qyBCTBOBaTb, HO HHKaKHX-b 
HHbIX'bB03A'feHCTBiH pa3p£)KeH- 

Haro B03Ayxa a Ha ceô-fe He 
SLlM-feTH^-b, xoth 6apoMeTpH- 
Hecicoe AaBJieme Ha MaicyuiK-fe 

AOJDKHO 6bITb He AOXOAHJIO 

h ao 400 m.. Ct> cbAJiOBHHbi 
„MajibiH Ka3ÔeK-b a npeAcraB- 
jiaerb co6oh o^eHb s;ieraHT- 
Hyio BepuiHHy (cm. (pom.) h, 
eaiH ecTb BpeMH, to He TpyAHO coeAHHHTb c-b BOCxoiKAeHieMi> Ha 
rjiaBHyio h nepexoAT* 4epe3-b Ma^yw, a sarfeM-b ct> cfeAflOBHHbi 
cnycTHTbCH kt> Opu(J)epH. Taicb Kaicb mh 3ano3Aa;iH h BemH ocTa- 
jiHCb Ha BojirHmicb, to o6t> 3T0Mt> h AyMaTb Heqero 6hjio. Pobho 
bt> nojiA^Hb h CTynH;n> Ha cepnoBHAHyio njiomaAKy BepuiHHbi, 
(5044 m.) {cm. çfjom.) HaA'b ypOBHeM-b Mopa. ÛHa KOHeqHO, KaK-b 
BCHKan CH-bncHan BepiiiHHa, M-feHaerb cboio (J)opMy h BbicoTy; 
MH-fe AOJiHHa en noi<a3a^acb MeTpoB-b bt> 15, a niHpHHa okojio 




Mofl HoCH.ibiiiHKb HcaiiK-b Ba3ypTanoBT> 
(3a hhmt>: Opmfepw); 6/iii3T> BepujHHbi. 



5-th. Ho ry cïopoHy Fpy3HHCKOH AoporH, nck BepmimbT ôbuin 

CKpMTH OÔJiaKaMH TIC AOCXHraBUlMftlH O/lTiaKO HaweH CTOHHKH Ha 

H%CKOJibKo coT-b Mexpcm-b, Oneab sc^eiiTHO 6huvh ocBtmeH-b 
)pu4>epM (ok, 4000 m.) (cm* (fiom.)—npmLpuTU& o6jiaKOM-b f ght^ 
noJiyiaJii» cBtrb, 0Tpaa<aBiniHCsi K»KHûfi CToponoS KaaÔeKa hh- 
me ofijiatca, xateb hto Kaaajiocb, ôy^xo CB'femno BHM3y, noAt 
mun. Ha ioro-aanaAt, MOKer-h 6bm> MexpOB'b aa cxo HH3Ke mi* 
CH-fera BacTynaex'b aH^eaHxoebifi ocxpcmotti^ npeACxaB^aiomiH 
uacTb BbiB'bTpHBUjaroCH Kpaxepa, il TaMi> jieatHxiî, noJiomeHHbiM 
nocjrbAmîi paa*b BesypxaHOBWM'b, MHHHMajibHbiH xepMowexpîi M. 

H. ripeoôpa^KeHCKOH, B 
oahhi> hc xoxt^T> rtoilxM sa 
mwht a MH-fe xt»Ke Ka3a- 
jiQCb coô-naaHHTe^bHte pas- 
Jie4bc« Ha CHtry H Hacjiam- 

A3TbCH C03HaHteM-b HOBOlî 

noÔtAH. He Mory Bnpo- 
qeMiî, cKaaaxb, qïoôbi OHa 
mchh BnoJin-b yAOB/ieTBO- 
pmia; neAocTaBajio npeo- 

AO-Tt>BaHΫ UaCTOHlUHX-b BW- 
COKOrOpHblX'b xpyAHOCi 

>eicb jicpko Aociynaan 
lepmHHa, xqth onenb yxo- 
MwTeabHaH, ecjm hath nop- 
Ma^bHoe BpeMfl, ne xarb 
Kaicb FlacxyxoB'b, noAtu*- 
MaBuiiflcfl ônxyxi* qexbipe 
AHfl. Tyx'boco6eHHûCKa3y- 
BaexcH ne TOJibKO oômkho- 
BCHHan ycxajioexb, neAO- 
cxaTOKii hbihh h cna, ho h BJiianie HHâ&aro AaBJiemfl, oxii ko- 
Toparo KpoBb npHJiHBaex-b Kii cepAUy m wa^o riHTaeT^ kohêh- 
hocxh, 6wcTpo xepïiiomia cbok) enjiy* ToMy, kto ne coBepuia^rrb 
TaKHx-b sKCKypciM, aaxOAîimHX'b yace aa nHTyto xbiCHuy MeTpoBTï, 
xowiy eABa BipMTCfi KaKOH cxenenn flocraraeni ynaAûifb cajn> 
h Kai<a5i nyxcHa bojhi, *\ro6hi rtoôopoxb ero. XopoiuHM'b npMM*b- 
pOMi* Moacex'b oiyaaixb BocxojKAeHie na Hroviôopacco (624? m.) 
coBepuieHnoe Whympe-r'oMTî, rAi> ohtj co cbohmm cnyxHHxaMH 

6 




J? na KaaôeKt (5044 m.). 11 aerycTa 1909. 



- m — 

TOJlbKO nOJI3KOMT> AOÔpajiCH j^o BeplUHHbl, TâlUa Cb. COÔOK) H3r 

M-fepirrejibHHe npHÔopbi h yronan bt> CHtry bo BpeMH uhtQrT 

Bt> ncwiOBHHy nepôaro mu HaMa^H cnycKaTbcn no HaiiiHM'b 

CJrfcAaM'b, Cb ycnoKaHBaK)mHMT> HyBCTBoarb co3HaHia, *ito 3aAa- 

^a, KOTopyio h ceôi nocTaBHJn>, p-feuieHa h yme HHKaicofi 3Jioft 

pOKT> — BT> BHA'k ^IH HenOrQAbl HJIH ApyrOMT> — He B-b COCTOHHÛH 

H3M-feHHTb 9tott> 4>ajm>. *3KcneAHuia Ha KaBKasi», OTb KOTOpofi 
h oyKH^ajvb CTOJibKO ôjiecTHmnx'b pe3yjibTaTOB'b, yB-fcHqajmcb no 

KpaÔHefi M^pt STHMT> MCH-fee 3HaqHTe^bHHMT> nOABHrOM'b. 3a- 
M-feTKa COBepUieHHOM-b BOCXOXCAeHiH Ôbl^ia flOXOHC€|Ha MHOK)Bl> 

HcecTHHKy h 3apwTa bt> CH-fery 6^h3t> cepe^HHH njiomaAKH. rio 
GB%)KeMy GHtry mo>kho ôhjio 6u BHHrpaTb MHoro BpeMeHH, 

CKOJI3H BHH3T> CTOH HJIH CHAH, H MHHyTb Bl> 20 AOCTH*îb (JttipHO- 

Boro nojia, Hacroamee ace côCTOHHie noKpoBa He a<>3bojihjio 
npHwcfeHHTb TaKoro cnocoôa, HHa^e HeaoB'bK'b 6h noaeT'fefl'b bhh3t> 
oiobho MH^b no iviaAKoft h 3âTBepA%Bnieô Kop-fe, He noMorjio 6t> 
h TopMo^ceHie aeAopyôoM'b. HaAO ôhjio MHpHTbca ct> oôctoh- 
Te^bCTBaMH, ôjiaroAapa kotophmt> ct> Apyrofi GTOpOHw 6b?jio He 

TaKT> yTOMHTe^bHO HATH BBepXl>, H ItpOIHJIO 2 MàCa 40 MHHyTT>, 

nOKy^a mh He aocthivih CHOBa ôMByaka. Flo AôjpôJrfe, eme He 
AOxoah AO 3e;ieHOH cicajibi, fccnapéHÎH na^aJiH ààitoJiaKHBaTb 
M^CTHOCTb h KpynHHKH, œp^AKa y»e na^aBiiiie flô Hac-b, 3aqa- 

CTHJ1H, rpHHy^-b rpOMT> TA^ TO BHH3y nOA*b HâMH, & BCH OÔCTa- 

HOBKa p-fe3KO nepeM-feHHJiacb : CTajio tcmhô, frbuiejrb CHtr-b h 
Ayjn> CB^Mcift B-feTep'b. TaKie p-fe3Kie nepexOAH, roBoparb, Bcrp-fc- 
qaioTCH Ha BbicoKHX'b KaBKa3CKHXi> BepiiiHHaxT> cnaonib Aa pa- 
Aomt> h MeTejiH, oôbiKHOBeHHO conpoBoxcAaiomiH hxt>, Moryrb 
CTaTb o^eHb onacHHMH, coBepmeHHO CKpbiBaa orb r^a3i> bcio 
MtcTHOCTb. Ha 3jib6pyck ôbiji-b OAHajKAH TaKofi oiynaâ. TpH 
TypHCTa 6biJiH 3acTHrHyTbi HenoroAoft; He ôy.Ay^H CBH3aHT>, 

OAHH-b H3-b HHXT> OTA'feJÏHJICH H OHH nOTepSLHH Apyn> Apyra H3Td 

BHAy; Aaaœ kphkh He noMor^H hmt> BHOBb coeAHHHTbcn. Ohh 
npoHoqeBajiH bt> CHtry, a Ha cji-bAyiomee yTpo oica3ajiocb, hto 
BCfe Tpoe HaXOAH^HCb bt> HenocpeACTBeHHOMT> COCfeACTB-fe ! Mohc- 
ho To;ibKo noacejiaTb, htoôh bcè nOAOÔHbie HHUHAeHTw KOHqa- 
jiHCb He xy)Ke 3Toro. riyTb Ha Ka36eKi> 3anoMHHaeTCH cpaBHHTejibHO 
jierKO h 3a6jiyAHTbCH Moacerb TOJibKO coBC%M'b HeBHHMaTejib- 

HblH. Flo BbIXOA'fe H3T> OÔJiaCTH B'feqHblX'b CH^rOB-b Ha BepXOBbH 

Bojwhuikh, MeHH nopa3H^o oaho CTpaHHoe HBJieHie: Ha Bbicork 



— 21T - 

bt> qeTwpe ct> Jimnnnwb tucspih MeTpoB'b BApyrb hbctbchho 
cjiHiuy Mcy)KaHie HacfeKOMaro ! 51 npoAOJiacaio nyTb, a Hcyicb Bce 
3a mhok), ôy^TO nepe;ieTae*rb ct> KaMHH Ha KaMeHb, ho ocraeT- 

CH HeBHAHMKOH. HaKoneivb TO H AOraAaJICH BT> qeMT> A'fejlO— 3TH 
3ByKH HCXOAHJIH OTT> JI6AOpy6a, KOTOpblH OMCBH^HO HcnycKajn> 

sjieKTpHnecTBO. Ho Majio toto; Kor^a mh iioaoujjih kt> Ee3yp- 
TaHOBCKOMy HOH^ery h B. eHHjrb nanaxy* Taia> h rojioBa ero 
3arrfe;ia, npHqeM-b oAHaKO bojioch He CTaHOBHaHCb ah6omt>. Bpe- 
mh yace npHÔJiHJKajiocb kt> 3-mt> qacaarb h OTAuxaTb He npHxo- 

JlfiJiOCfy; B3BaJIHB«b CBOH BeiIJH Ha H^eMH, MbI TOpOnHJlHCb Bep- 
HyTbCtf 3aCB^TJlO KT> Ôy^K-fe. Ct> HaMH CKaTHBaAHCb u-fejibiH ro- 

pbi ocbinH, npH cnycKt ct> BojmHiuKH; MHHOBajia EpMOJiOBCKaa 
ôy^Ka, noTOM-b mu HeMHoro* bhaoh3m!>hhjih nyTb ; H36paBT> 60- 
ji-b CNnyqyio HacTb Ulajiajia, rA*k xo^bôa Marqe, ho noAT> ko- 

HeUT> OnHTb BbHHJIJi Ha TpaBHHHCTblft CKJIOH-b. BHH3y B., KaiCb 

onbiTHbifl oxoTHHK'b, cpa3y aairbriurb ivfejioe CTaAO TypoBT*, hh- 
cjiowb 16, HeonbiTHOMy ivia3y e^Ba 3aM-kTHoe, ecjm Aaace npH- 
rjiHA^TbCH. Ohh npecnoKOHHO npOAOJDKajiH croHTb Ha M-fecrfe 

HeCMOTpH Ha UiyM'b ÔpOUieHHblX'b BT> HHXT> KaMHefl. BH^aTb, qTO 

oxothhkh hxt> noKa eme Maaq TpeBOHcarb. (Bt> IIlBeHuapiH ohh 
ôbuio coBcbM'b yace BHMepjm h He^aBHO Ty^a BbinncaJiH H-k- 
CKOJibKO 9K3eMn^HpOB'b H3t KaBKa3a, uToôbi hxt> CHOBa pa3Be- 
cth). JloTOM-b^ OAyMaBiuHCb Typbi MejiKOâ pucbio noRÔ'byKajm 
kt> ^eB^opaHy, noraxoHbKy nepeiujm nepe3T> JieRb h cicpbuiHCb 
no Apyryio CTopoHy, a B. aojito eme He Mon> npHMHpHTbca cb 
TtM-b, uto y nero He 6byio ct> coôoh pyacbH, He to, roBopHT-b, 
yrocTHjn> 6h Typa nyjieâ, a MeHH BKycHbiM'b acapKHM'b. 

Ha^HHa^io y^e 3aM-kTHO TeMH'feTb, a mu eme He aocthivih 
jie^HHKa. fl onenb Hcajrkn-b, hto He 3anacca $OHapeMT>, ho Bce- 
TaKH mm ycntjw BbiôpaTbca Ha TponHHKy ao HacrynjieHiH noji- 
hoh TeMHOTt* h, cnycTH 3 1 /» ^aca xoAbôu ott> I. Boothihkh, 
BepHyBiuHCb bt> rocTenpiHMHyio JleBAOpaHCKyK) ôy^Ky, ta^ 6u- 

JIU pa^yiHHO BCTp^HeHbl T'feM'b HCe OÔmeCTBOMlj TypHCTOB-b, H 

ôy^Ka Monia OTnpa3AHOBaTb nepBuô pa3i> OAHOBpeMeHHoe no- 
cfemeHie en TpeMH BoexoAHTejwMH Ha Ka36eKT>. Moe BoexoiKAe- 
Hie, HacKOJibKO 3Haio 6buio BoeeMbHaAUaTbiM'b (BOCbMbiM-b pyc- 

CKHMTd). Bl> XpOHOJIOrHMeCKOMT> nopHAK^ BepUIHHbl AOÇTHrjIH: 

B-b 1868 r. 1) fl. <t>peui4)HJibA'b> T3KKepT> h Myp-b (aHrJi.) 
„ 1887 „ 2) P. JlepKO (nTaJi.) f 



- 218 - 

» 1889 „ 3) PyKAeuiejib h rHpiin> (aBCTp.f, 4) nacryxoB-b; 

5) Byjieâ (aHivi.). 
, 1891 » 6) T. Mepu6axep-b (6aB.). 
„ 1895 n 7) UlTeôep-b h EpocjrfeeB'b. 
„ 1896 „ 8) M. 4>. AeuiH (BeHr.). 
„ 1898 „ 9) flecyjiOBH (cj)p.). 
„ 1899 • 10) QiriHrHH'b h KpacHoropCKifi. 
„ 1900 „ 11) M. npeoôpaxceHCKaH. 
n 1902 „ 12) fleMOKHAOB-b. 

„ 1903 „ 13) A* (J). MeKKi>; 14) r. rkfcaHH-b, JlHCTejib h 

JleÔKCb (6aB.), 
15) rpe6T> (repM.). 

„ 1905 ,. 16) flyÔHHCKÎfl. 

„ 1906 „ 17) OH-b-xce, JIbiceHKOBT> h nyuiKOB-b. 
„ 1909 „ B. 4>. 4>pHAPHxcb, 19) Rp. Pohkctth (ht.), 

20) lUypOBCKiH. 

npoôoBajiH, ho He AOCTHrjiH caMaro Bepxa: 
Bt> 1873 r. Ko3jihkt>. 

„ 1887 „ BHHKe^bMaH-b h Beirb ct> THpojibCKHM'b npo- 

BO^HHKOM'b KepepoM-b. 
„ 1901 n KacnepoBHq-b h Ko3JiOBCKifi. 
n 1904 EBaHry^OBT> h Ap. 
„ 1909 n A. 4>. PaAio-PaAiyc-b h 6ap. Jlnnne. 
Ecjih OTKpoBeHHO noABecra HTon> Bcero Moero nyTeiue- 
ctbîh, nocKOJibKy oht> KacaeTCH nojiyqeHHbixT> BneqaTvrbHifi, to, 

HaaO C03HaTbCH, BblCOKOrOpHMH KaBKa3T>, BT> npOTHBOnOJIOHC- 

HOCTb o^eHb pacnpocTpaHeHHOMy y Hac-b, MH^mio, He npeAcraB- 
jiaeTCH 6ojrfee rpaHAio3Hbuvn>, Hexcejm lllBeôuapin hjih Aaace 

CXO^HblH MtCTHOCTH THpOJIH, yCTynafl HMT> BT> HCHBOnHCHOCTH 
H yAOÔOAOCTynHOCTH BepUlHHT>. 3T0 06T>HCHHeTCH KyAa ÔOJlh' 
IDHMH pa3CTOHHiHMH, KOTOpblH CO CBOeS CTOpOHbl yMCHbUiaiOrb 
yrOJTb 3p-bHÎH, ÔOJlte B03BbIIIieHHbIMH AOJlHHaMH H HaKOHeUT> 

T'bM'b, 4to pacTHTejibHOCTb pacnpocrpaHeHa Bbiuie. Ci> Apyroâ 
ctopohh 3aTO OH-b Kpoerb bt> ceô-b Heou-feHHMoe RJin aJlbnHHHCTa 
Aoctohhctbo — A'bBCTBeHHocTb, npeACTaBjiniomyK) ôorarkHinee 
no;ie Jim npOHBJieHÎH TypHCTHMecKoâ A^HTeabHocTH. J\nn no- 
ompema h pyKOBOACTBa JHOÔHTejieft ropT>, h bt> 3aicjiioqeHie npn- 
Boacy bt> c^-feAyiomHX'b CTpoKaxT> H3Bjieqeme Hâi> pa3Hbixi> onH- 
caHifl nyTemecTBift, coAepacamee BKpaTivk AaHHbia o BocxoHCAe- 
HiHX-b, CA^JiaHHbix'b bt> KaBKa3CKOMT> Kpa-fe. 



— 219 - 
B* rjiaBHOjft-b u CsaHeTCKOAii» xpe6rfe. 



Topa 


Bue. 
B-biieT. 


Toat» 


Hiietfa B3ouieAuiHxi> 


nyTb 


XapaKT. 


1. 3jib6pyci» 


5629 




Ayrjiaci 4>peui()>HjibA'b, 








(3an. 




(D Freshfield). E. Tsk- 




HerpyAHo, 




Bepui. 




Kep-b h B. MypT> (C. Tuc- 




HO Becb- 




H 




ker, W. Moore). 




yTOMH- 


» 


5591 

(BOCT. 

Bepui.) 


1868 


ct> 4>. AeByacy, (F. 

Dévouassoud). 




TeJIbHO. 




na 


zjiae 


Hyto: 

4>. Tpay, MypT>, (F. Gro- 

ve, Moore), YoKep-b h 4>. 










1874 






















rapAHHepi> ct> n. KHyÔeJib 












(H. Walker h F. Gardiner) 










1884 


M. q>. Aeum ct> A. Byp- 
reHepoMi» h n. Pynnem> 
(M-v. Déchy). 










1887 


P. JlepKo ct> UyMuiTeflHT>. 
nonuTKa BHRKeAbMaHa h 
Bexa ct> Kepepom». 










1889 
»» 


Byjiefl h Iocch (Woolley). 
B. Cejuia. 


Ct> ctBepa. 








1890 


FlacTyxoB-b. 










1891 


T. MepuÔaxep-b h Jl. . 
nypTUie^Jiep'b. 


H3T. Tepcicojia; ho- 
neBKa bt> 3460 m., 

BT> 5-TH HaC. OTT> 

Kouia A3ay. Oti> 
hohji. 8 qac. 








1696 


nacTyxoB-b, 










1903 


T. fI(|>aHHl> H AHCT6JIb. 






flwxT>-Tay 


5198 


1888 


A. MyiiMepH ct> (Mum- 


H3T> AOJIHHbl Be- 


AOBOJIbHO 








mery) T. Uyp<t>Ay (Zur- 


3HflrH nO KHKHOftiy 


TpyAHaa 






n 


fluh). 

<t>. Kokkhht», r. ToAbAep-b 
(F Gockin, H.. Holder) h 
T. Byjiefl ct> y. A/ibMe- 
pOMT> H K. Porb. 
KOKKHITb CT> AByMH npOB. 


<J)pOHTy. 

no ctBepH. xpeÔTy 


ropa. 


3.lllKapa-Tay 


5184 


1884 












HeciacTJi. nonuTica B. 






4. Kourram»- 


5145 


» 


AoHKHHa (W. Donkine h 






Tay. 






H. Fox), ct> I. 4>Hiiie- 
pOMi> h K. IXJTpeflx-b. 










1889 


By/iefl ct> Iocch. 


Hep. AeAHHKl, Tio- 




5. AncaHra- 
Tay. 


5051 


— 


— 


TK), CT> BOCTOKa. 


BpeiieHa- 

MH AO- 


— 


5038 


1888 


KOKKHHT» CT> 2-Mfl npO- 




BOJIbHO 




(ioro- 


1891 


BoAHHKaiiH Mepu6axepi> 


H3T> AOJI. Be3HHrH 


3aTpyAH.; 




BOCT. 




h riypTuiejuiepi ci> 2-mh 


qep. N-O. xpe6eTi>; 


y BepuiH- 




B.). 




npOBOAHHKaifH. 


orb npHBajia bi> 
3050 m. BT>liy a «i. 


HblJIOMKifl 

cicajibi. 



- 220 — 



Topa 


Bue 

BliMeiV 


,, | 

VojLb MMeKa BBOiue^iiiHX'b 


Ilyrb 


XapaKT. 




... 


' 








6. Kasôem». 


50*4 


1868 




- 


neypyfl- 




1 H flP. 






HO, KO 


7, KaTywirb- 


4968 


1888 


KoKJHiH'b, ro/ib^p-b HBy* 


no N^O cK/torçy 


oHeiib 


ray 




1893 


nonwTKà KoKKitHa, Co/h 
jiefl, (Solly). 




yTOMJVT. 








Byjiea h HbKwgpqa 


ci. «ahhk« Aa«ojii 


1 








(Neurmarch). 


■ 


MniUKprH- 


4926 


1888 


nonhtTKa Kokkhh3, Byjieu 


F 




Tay 






h loJibjiepa 


' ' - i 




» 


4918 

(B. B.) 


1889 


Byjieft c-b Iocch 


! 


■ 


9. TecTcwia 


4860 


1886 


B, /loiiKurih h Aenrh 




■ 








et A. Byprefiepii H P. 

ÀHACHMaTTeRT» 




■ 


10. Tenry;iAT> 


4853 


1887 


3>peui4>i*J]bjrb ct> Zteayar 


' 


flOH. TpyA 








cy h Aeaaaj-y (Dèsail* 
Mepuoasep-b m Hyprinea- 








1891 


qep, ^cah. MwJib- 




' 






/îepi. 


jiap-bno N-0 Apeô- 
Ty^ orb notera Bt 
2919 m. b* 7 h. 




1 1 . AîKHua- 


4778 


1891 


Mepu6axep-b « riypT- 


H31) JtOJl* CyaTH3K 


04. ipyA- 


pafl-xor* 






itfejuiep-b 


qep, 0— xpetferb; 
on> npKBaaa noa/b 

JieAHKKQM'b CyaiK- 

3u Kb 9 lacOBiï. 




12 Yuioa 


4698 


1891 


nonbJTKa Mepn6axepa h 




Bb BblC. 




(toro- 




nypTineflflepa 




CTcneHM 




3anaa> 








tpyjïHo, 


aeptn.) 








onacHO h 






1893 


non, KoffKHH-hj Co/uïefl, 
Byjiea h HbioMKp4'b T 


c-b cteepa (ym6Hiî- 


tjc acenia 

B03MOHCRQ 






1894 


non. KoMiepa, CoJuiefl h 

HLK>M3p4a Cli S — O, 

non. B. PHKMepca 


etcaro jitvurHKaj 








1895 










1903 


n^ant, Tiff ère jib h (H. 
Pfann. Dtegtel » JTeflKCt 
(o6b BepujKHbi) Leuchs) 


t 








H 


A, Uly^hue 0, liïyaepî, 
re/ibô^Kitrb, PeïtxepTiï 
h BeÔepv 


cb TyjibCKaro Jie&- 
HHKa qepeab Kyjiy- 

ap% 




H 


4694 


1883 


KoKKHHTï CT> 2-MB OpOBO- 


ToMte 




13. YjHiy- 


Bepui.) 
4679 


1889 


B, Cejuia 


ci» aocTOKa no 5.- 




ay3T>-6aiiiH 






■ 


xpetfiy. 










' 







321 



Topa 


Bue. 
ri l MéT. 


Toab 


HMGHa BaoïuejuijHxij 


nytb 


XapaKT, 


14. KpyM- 


4675 


1889 


By/ieft cb Iocch 


i 




ttojii^ôaiirb 




: 








15-Ajtafl-xox-b 


4647 


1884 


Usurn c-b BypreHepb 
h PynneHTï 










1890 


ToJibjiepT. h KoKKiii-n, ctj 

ÀJItiMepQM-b 


# 




16, AÉUaMa 


4525 


1889 


Byaefl Cb Ioccb 






17. CKaiH- 


4513 


1896 


Ceji/ra h 3. Tmiuà 


rt3t iton CoKryTU 




KQMb-KOXb 










TpyûHO 


16, CyraHb- 


4490 


û 


» II ï> 


no cbb, xpeGry 




tuay 












19.,HoHrycb- 


4468 


1891 


Mepufiaxepv « riypr- 


lep.Jtoji. A3ay;oTb o^ Tpya 


Opytrh- 






uiexnepb 


Howjï,(qacT,xonh6bi h onacno 


jocenni-fiauiH 








OTb TfiTapCK, KOUiaV 

Bb 2850 m Bb 10 1 


















nac. no cfcs, xpeciy 




4442 
(S.-O.) 


1888 


AOHKHirb H 4>QKC'b Cb , 
2-MJÎ npOBOAHRKaUH 






20. Awp- 


4J70 


1896 


KûKKHHb, JOJLbflepîi H 


no N. — W. xpefrry/ 


cy-6aiuH 






By.iefl 






21, Kapa- 


4358 


1890 


K0KKHHb t rOJIbflep-b Cb 






mMb-XOXT> 






AjibMepb 






(Bypflmyjia) 




» 


Ce.i^a 






22. Caayti- 


4348 


1888 


KOKKHHb, rOJIbUept, H 






Hanb-Tay 






By/ieR 






23. yKiy-iay 


! 4346 


1887 


*peLU((ïHabA r b et Resy- 
acy a A^a^by 






24. UnTe^H- 


4277 


1895 


HeHT-b, Byjiefl ci K 


nep. iiOJïHHy Xap^ 




MTa (Taira) 






MayepoM-b h C Moopb 


aecb 




25 ^ Cy-iy- 


4259 


; 1891 


Mepuôaxepb n ITypi- 


1 no 3ii(ia;ifï. qacrH 




KO^'b-6auJii 






, mcjijiepb 


jieflRHKa Ajtfop-cy 






1 






(CyjiyKOJia) Cb S -j 










O., bt> 9 qac. on» 1 










npHBajia Bb 2307 m.l 


26, JlaTpaji-b- 


i 4175 


1890 


Cejuia 




Jiaïub 








i 


27. Hcijiopra 


4138 


M 


>t 


i 


(LtHXBapra*) 




H 


Toabaepb, Kokkhîit, et 








y» AabMCpOMb 


28. flatta 


4010 


1889 


B. Cejuia 


' BCTpyAHO 


• 




1891 


Mepnfiaxepb n nypT- 
ujejiJiepb cb ynrepBfere- 


Mai oiBtTsaeHifl ! 
flOfiHRbi Htrrypa, 








po&rb h KepepoMb 


OTb H04/L Bb 2480 

1 m. btj 7 l /i nac. 




it 


5976 
(M. W, 
sepiu.) 


1889 


Byflefl 








n. 


1894 


Ko^iepir ribiOMspcrb 








3570? 




w Co;uieA 






29. Xaaaiia 


3937 


1891 


HacTyxoBb 






30. KrtuTafl- 


3821 


1883 


B, Cenjia. 






O.nifn 

























- 222 - 



Topa 


Bue. 
D'bMer. 


Tojrb 


Huena BSOuje/uiiHX'b 


nyrb 


XapatcT. 


31, fyitiïqït- 


3805 


1896 


KoKKnm> t ^0Jlï. H ^ep^ h 


no aan. x pefuy 




Tay 






By/iefl 






32. AauiH- 


3730 




? 






XOXT> 












33. Uloaa 


3609 


1&87 
1890 


*peuii})H;ibjïb 
Ce/uia 






34. MaflJïH- 


4601 


1903 


H* florrcHno^b 




aerico 1 


XOXT» 












Ç-b AarecraHt; 




1. Tefiyjiotb- 


4507 i 


1892 


Mepuôaxepi» 


ct> »ro-BOCTOKa no 


Tpy^no 


MTii 








XpeÔTy, QTb HOWJl. 

bi, 3445 m; 6 y. 




2. Ea3apjuo- 


4480 


1690 


Ê, ïejibju> h [\ BaKep-b 






3FQ 






(G. yeld h G- Baker). 






3. KOMHTO- 


4272 


1892 


MepuGaxepi. 


no k)>kh xpeÔTy 




Tasu 












(Aamax-b- 
KopTv) 














1897 


AauiH cij r< MoaepOMib 


no rfes, xpe6îy 




4. LLIax*- 


4252 


1866 


, l* A6«xb 






4a n> 




1890 


riacryxoeii 






5. AwttJioci.* 


4189 


1892 


Mepuôaxepb 


no S* xpeôry, bt> 


on. yio- 


m ta 








9'/ a m. orb HONJI. 
eb aoa. Aerocu na 
Bbtc- 2578 m. 


HHrejtbKO 

u BecbMa 

TpyaHO 


6. Ajwajia- 


4140 


1892 


Mepuôaxep-b c-b Mo3e- 


qep, 4eAHHrcb Be ■ 




ujyorxe.Tb- 






pOMI. H BHHAMUeMb 


aHHKH Bii 9 l /i Mac. 




iiespii 








OTb nom Ha BbJC, 
2520 m. bt> ^oji. 
AKnaau, cb rfese- 
po-3ana.ua 




7. AOHOCTi- 


4135 


1892 


MepuGaxepi» cii Mo3c- 


ci* ioro-3anajîa( AQ- 


oi.ipya. 


MT3 






pOM"b H EHSTilHUieM-h 


jiHHbj MoifâxiO no 

W. xpeGïy bt» 7 l /i ï* 

OTi) hohjj, 2457 m* 




8* BOMOK/b- 


4120 


» 


Mep!i6axepT> cb Moae- 


Bis 6 ¥, OTb HQiJJK 




Me3pij 






pOMTi H BliHAHlUeH'b 


Bl AOJl. 4eTOpOTJb, 




9. ÂHHosajia 


4098 


ii 


Mepuôaxepb cb Moae- 

pÛMb H BHHJlHlUtîMb 






10. riflUJHH 


3840 


>i 


MepuGaxepi» ci* Moae- 


Cl» S,-W., Vh HO 4, 


B h Bbicm. 


Mo^CICb 






pOM"b H BHHAHUJCM1) 


b*. jiomit* Mero- 

pOTATi BT> 5 Va Mac. 


cTenenn 

TpyflHblH 












CKajibf 



- 223 — 
fle yB^HMa/iucb ycn^xoAi-b doduticu BOcxoflcgeHi* Ha 



Topa 


Bue. 

BT> Md. 


rojrb 


i 

MMena B30iuejuiiHX'b 


FlyTb 


XapaKT. 


THXTeHreHi» 4614 


1893 


KoKKHHi>, CojMefl, Byjiefl 


co cropoHbi nepe- 


-..""-•■ 








H HblOM9pHl> 


Bajia h ÎHXTeHreu- <- . 








cnaro (3843 m.)(cb 


i 






wro-3an.), Me>Kjiy 








JieAHHKaMH Kht/ioav 










h UaHHep-b 


J\MaPu\biKb- 


4532 


1896 


Kokkhht>, Byaeft h Hwib- 


no boctohh. xpeÔTy 




ôaurb) 




Aepi, 






(MereM-b- i 










6aiin> i 










Etteayx-b- ! 42 7l 


M 


KokkhhT), Byjiefl h Tojib- 






Tay 


' 


flep-b 


.1 






AOnOJIHEHIfl. 


Bweayx-b 


4271 


1903 


• 
JÏHCTejib, Jleff kct> h n^aHH-b 


Cb ctBepa 


bi. Tpya. 


BauiHJib-Tâ> 4171 


1903 


Po^JieCTOH-b H JloHrcTa4>T> 


no cbb. 3an. xpeÔ- 












Ty, BT> 10 H. OTT> 








i 




HOHfl, npH JleKCiopt 




(AoHryc-b- 




1903 i 


rejibôJiHBTt, Pefixeprb h 


no k»kh. xpeÔTy, 


jienie 


ÔpyH-b) 






BeÔep-b 


OTbCBAJIOBHHbl MOK- 

jxy JienHHK. Kbhuii» 


HtWb Cb 

ctBepa 


! 






h Hojipa 8-10 i. 




(flwaHra) 5051 

| 


1903 

• 


Tt >Ke h Uly/ibue 


Hoqjierb bt> AOJiHHt 
XaaAe (3500 m.); 

3 H040BKH 




XeBaH 3980 


1903 


O. LLIycTep-b h I; BnrHep-b 


Cb S.— W. 


AOBOJIbHO 


(Jlafljia) ; 3976 


1903 


4>HKKepi>, PHKMepCb, 


cnycKT> no N.-W. 


TpyAHO 






IlIeK-b h Ulyjibue 


xpeÔTy. 


Jlefleuirb 3826 


1903 


UlycTep-b h BHrHep-b 


cb jieAHHKa Kbhuii». 




UJTaBJiep-b 3995 

ï 


1903 


4>HKKep^, PHKMepCb, 

Ulein» h BHrHepi> 


H3i> nojiHHbi Haxpbi 
no k»kh. xpeÔTy; 

JIOMKÎfl CKa/Ibl 




TenjiH (cpe- 4407 


1896 


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JOHN M. CONSTANTINOFF 
fiARE RUSSIAN LIBRARY 
24 West 56th ~ 



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